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Full text of "Bulletin - United States National Museum"

?1 

U563 
CRLSSI 



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SMITHSONIAN 
INSTITUTION 




UNITED STATES 

NATIONAL MUSEUM 

BULLETIN 226 

WASHINGTON, D.C. 
1963 



MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY 



Checklist 

of the 

Birds of Thailand 



HERBERT G. DEIGNAN 

Research Associate^ Smithsonian Institution 



SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION 
WASHINGTON, 1963 



Publications of the United States National Museum 

The scientific publications of the United States National Museum include two series, 
Proceedings of the United States National Museum and United States National Museum 
Bulletin. 

In these series are published original articles and monographs dealing with the 
collections and work of the Museum and setting forth newly acquired facts in the 
fields of Anthropology, Biology, Geology, History, and Technology. Copies of each 
publication are distributed to libraries and scientific organizations and to specialists 
and others interested in the different subjects. 

The Proceedings, begun in 1878, are intended for the publication, in separate form, 
of shorter papers. These are gathered in volumes, octavo in size, with the publication 
date of each paper recorded in the table of contents of the volume. 

In the Bulletin series, the first of which was issued in 1875, appear longer, separate 
publications consisting of monographs (occasionally in several parts) and volumes in 
which are collected works on related subjects. Bulletins are either octavo or quarto in 
size, depending on the needs of the presentation. Since 1902 papers relating to the 
botanical collections of the Museum have been published in the Bulletin series under 
the heading Contributions from the United States National Herbarium. 

Frank A. Taylor, 
Director, United States National Museum 



United States Government Phintinc Office, Washington, 1963 



For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing OfiSce 
Washington, D.C., 20402 - Price 81.25 



IV 



Contents 



Page 

Introduction vii 

The Provinces of Thailand ix 

The Birds of Thailand 3 

Index 221 



Introduction 

The late Count Nils Gyldenstolpe, of Sweden, was the author of the 
only previously pubhshed and theoretically complete checkhst of the 
birds of Thailand. His "A Nominal List of the Birds at Present 
Known to Inhabit Siam" (Ibis, 1920, pp. 446-496, 569-607, 735-780) 
gave the names of 732 forms, of which some were only dubiously to be 
considered Siamese. The present hst includes the names of 1,173 
birds and is complete so far as the avifauna of Thailand is known at 
this date (1962). 

For information on the Siamese collections in their care and, often, 
for the privilege of personal examination of important specimens, I 
owe thanks to literally dozens of museums in America, Europe, and 
Asia, and to members of their ornithological staffs. Special gratitude 
is due Mrs. B. P. HaU, of the British Museum (Natural History), 
London, who painstakingly recorded for me the data for the entire 
extensive collection of Siamese birds presented the Museum by the late 
Su- Walter J. F. WiUiamson, C.M.G. 

I should mention also the rich collections of Dr. Bun Song Lekhakun 
of Bangkok and of Dr. Robert E. Elbel, USOM/Thailand, who have 
sent me copious material during the past ten years, and whose explora- 
tions of previously uninvestigated areas have added dozens of birds 
to the Siamese hst. 

Finally, I must express my heartfelt thanks to Dr. Edward H. Taylor 
and Dr. George W. Byers, Editors of the University of Kansas Science 
Bulletin, who have graciously permitted me to use their invaluable 
plate of the map of Thailand sho\\dng provincial boundaries. 

Herbert G. Deignan 



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105 



Thailand 
(For explanation sec oposite'page) 



The Provinces of Thailand 



Ang Thong 5 


Phatthalung 66 


Ayutthaya 6 


Phayao (see Note) 


Buriram 21 


Phet Buri 56 


Chachoengsao 14 


Phetchabun 47 


Chainat 1 


Phichit 46 


Chaiyaphum 19 


Phitsanulok 44 


Chaiya Prakan (see Note) 


Phra Nakhon (Bangkok) 


Chanthaburi 17 


Prachin Buri 12 


Chiang Mai 35 


Prachuap Khiri Khan S 


Chiang Rai 36 


Phrae 39 


Chon Buri 15 


Phuket 63 


Chumphon 58 


Ranong 59 


Kalasin 32 


Rat Buri 52 


Kamphaeng Phet 45 


Rayong 16 


Kanchanaburi 50 


Roi Et 33 


Khon Kaen 30 


Sakon Nakhon 28 


Khu Khan (Sisaket) 23 


Samut Prakan 13 


Krabi 64 


Samut Sakhon 55 


Lampang 38 


Samut Songkhram 54 


Lamphun 37 


Sara Buri 4 


Loei 26 


Satun 67 


Lop Buri 3 


Sing Buri 2 


Mae Hong Son 34 


Songkhla 68 


Maha Sarakham 31 


Sukhothai 43 


Nakhon Nayok 11 


Suphan Buri 51 


Nakhon Pathom 53 


Surat Thani 61 


Nakhon Phanom 29 


Suriu 22 


Nakhon Ratchasima (Khorat) 20 


Tak 42 


Nakhon Sawan 48 


Thon Buri 9;] 


Nakhon Si Thammarat 62 


Trang 65 


Nan 40 


Trat 18 


Narathiwat 71 


Ubon 24 


Nong Khai 25 


Udon Thani 27 


Nonthaburi 7 


Uthai Thani 49 


Pathum Thani 8 


Uttaradit 41 


Pattani 69 


Yala 72 


Phangnga 60 





10 



57 



Note. — With increase of population, there has in recent years been 
recurrent talk of dividing each of the provinces of Chiang Rai (36) 
and Chiang Mai (35) into two. The new province to be carved from 
Chiang Rai would probably be named Phayao, while that withdrawn 
from Chiang Mai would probably be called Chaiya Prakan. 

The hypothetical Province of Phayao would possess an avifauna 
inseparable from that of the then restricted Province of Chiang Rai. 

The hypothetical Province of Chaiya Prakan, however, which would 
correspond with that part of the present-day Chiang Mai that falls 
into the watershed of the Mae Khong, would show an avifauna very 
different indeed from that of the then restricted Province of Chiang 
Mai, drained by the system of the Chao Phaya. 



To stress the differences, I have consistently referred to Chaiya 
Prakan as provenience of forms reported from the Mae Khong- 
drained northeastern part of what is still officially known as Chiang 
Mai. 



1 Chainat 

2 Sing Buri 

3 Lop Buri 

4 Sara Buri 

5 Ang Thong 

6 Ayutthaya 

7 Nonthaburi 

8 Pathum Thani 

9 Thon Buri 

10 Phra Nakhon (Bangkok) 

11 Nakhon Nayok 

12 Prachin Buri 

13 Samut Prakan 

14 Chachoengsao 

15 Chon Buri 

16 Rayong 

17 Chanthaburi 

18 Trat 

19 Chaiyaphum 

20 Nakhon Ratchasima (Khorat) 

21 Buriram 

22 Surin 

23 Khu Khan (Sisaket) 

24 Ubon 

25 Nong Khai 

26 Loei 

27 Udon Thani 

28 Sakon Nakhon 

29 Nakhon Phanom 

30 Khon Kaen 

31 Maha Sarakham 

32 Kalasin 

33 Roi Et 

34 Mae Hong Son 

35 Chiang Mai 

36 Chiang Rai 



37 Lamphun 

38 Lampang 

39 Phrae 

40 Nan 

41 Uttaradit 

42 Tak 

43 Sukhothai 

44 Phitsanulok 

45 Kamphaeng Phet 

46 Phichit 

47 Phetchabun 

48 Nakhon Sawan 

49 Uthai Thani 

50 Kanchanaburi 

51 Suphan Buri 

52 Rat Buri 

53 Nakhon Pathom 

54 Samut Songkhram 

55 Samut Sakhon 

56 Phet Buri 

57 Prachuap Khiri Khan 

58 Chumphon 

59 Ranong 

60 Phangnga 

61 Surat Thani 

62 Nakhon Si Thammarat 

63 Phuket 

64 Krabi 

65 Trang 

66 Phatthalung 

67 Satun 

68 Songkhla 

69 Pattani 

70 Yala 

71 Narathiwat 



Checklist of the 
Birds of Thailand 



The Birds of Thailand 



Order PODICIPEDIFORMES 

Family PODICIPEDIDAE 

Genus PODICEPS Latham 

Podiceps ruficoUis poggei (Reichenow) 

Colymbus nigricans poggei Reichenow, Journ, fiir Orn., jahrg. 

50, No. 1, January 1902, p. 125 (Hopeh Province, China). 

Range: Still waters of the northern plateau, the eastern plateau 

(Chaiyaphum) , the southeastern provinces, the central plains, and of 

the western and peninsular provinces south to Trang and Phatthalung. 

Order PELECANIFORMES 

Family PELECANIDAE 

Genus PELECANUS Linnaeus 

Pelecanus philippensis philippensis Gmehn 

[Pelecanus] philippensis Gmelin, Caroli a Linne . . . Systema 

naturae, ed. 13, torn. 1, pars 2, 1789, p. 571 ("in insulis 

Philippinis"). 

Range: The more extensive marshes of the northern plateau (Chiang 

Rai) and the central plains, and along both coasts to the extreme 

South. 

Family SULIDAE 

Genus SULA Brisson 

Sula leucogaster plotus (Forster) 

Pelecanus Plotus Forster, Descriptiones animalium, ed. Lich- 
tenstein, 1844, p. 278 (''ad syi-tes et brevia maris novam 
Caledonian! alluentis"). 
Range: Off both coasts and reported to breed on certain islets of the 
Gulf of Siam. 

3 



4 U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 226 

Family PHALACROCORACIDAE 
Genus PHALACROCORAX Brisson 

Phalacrocorax carbo sinensis (Blumenbach) 

Pelecanus sinensis Blumenbach, Abbild. naturh. Gegenst., heft 
3, 1798, pi. 25 and text (China). 
Range: Reported from the broader rivers of the northern plateau 
(Mae Khong, Mae Ping), the more extensive marshes of the central 
plains (Phitsanulok), and along both coasts to the extreme South. 

Phalacrocorax fuscicollis Stephens 

Phalacrocorax fuscicollis Stephens, in Shaw, General zoology, 
vol. 13, pt. 1, February 1826, p. 91 (Bengal State, India). 
Range: Reported only from the central plains (Samut Prakan). 

Phalacrocorax pygmeus niger (Vieillot) 

Hydrocorax niger Vieillot, Nouveau dictionnaire d'histoire 

naturelle, nouv. ed., tome 8, March 1817, p. 88 ("aux Indes 

orientales"; type locahty restricted to Bengal State, India, 

apwl Peters). 

Range: Reported from both still and running waters (including 

the larger torrents) of the northern plateau, the central plains, and of 

the peninsular provinces south to Siu-at Thani and Phuket. 

Genus ANHINGA Brisson 

Anhinga melanogaster Pennant 

Anhinga melanogaster Pennant, Indian zoology, 1769, p. 13, 
pi. 12 (Ceylon and Java). 
Range: Reported from both still and running waters of the northern 
and eastern plateaus, the central plains, and of the peninsular 
provinces south to Nakhon Si Thammarat and Phuket. 

Family FREGATIDAE 
Genus FREGATA Lacepede 

Fregata andrewsi Mathews 

Fregata andrewsi Mathews, Austral Avian Record, vol. 2, No. 6, 
Dec. 19, 1914, p. 120 (Christmas Island [lat. 10°31'S., long. 
105°34' E.], Indian Ocean). 
Range: Reported off both coasts of the peninsular provinces south 
of the Isthmus of Ki-a. 

Fregata minor minor (Gmelin) 

[Pelecanus] minor Gmelin, Caroli a Linn6 . . . Systema naturae, 
cd. 13, tom. 1, pars 2, 1789, p. 572 (no locahty; type locahty 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 5 

designated as "the eastern half of the Indian Ocean," by 
Rothschild, Nov. Zool., vol. 22, 1915, p. 145, and restricted to 
Christmas Island, by Lowe, ibid., vol. 31, 1924, p. 306). 
Range: Reported off both coasts of the peninsular provinces south 
of the Isthmus of Kra. 

Order CICONIIFORMES 
Family ARDEIDAE 
Genus ARDEA Linnaeus 

Ardea sumatrana Raffles 

Ardea Sumatrana Raffles, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, vol. 13, pt. 2, 

[not earlier than November] 1822, p. 325 (Sumatra; type lo- 

cahty restricted to Benkulan [lat. 3°47'S., long. 102°15'E.], by 

Kinnear and Robinson, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, vol. 47, 1927, p. 

130). 

Range: Reported from islets off the southeastern provinces (Trat) 

and along both coasts of the peninsular provinces south of the Isthmus 

of Kia. 

Ardea cinerea rectirostris Gould 

Ardea rectirostris Gonld, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, pt. 11, July 
1843, p. 22 (New South Wales, error; type locality corrected to 
"India?," by Stone, Austral Avian Record, vol. 1, 1913, p. 142). 
Range: Reported from both still and running waters of the northern 
and eastern plateaus, the central provinces, and the western and penin- 
sular provinces south to Trang. 

Ardea purpurea manilensis Meyen 

Ardea purpurea var. manilensis Meyen, Nov. Act. Acad. Caes.- 

Leop.-Carol. Nat. Cur., vol. 16, suppl. 1, 1834, p. 102 (Manila, 

Luz6n Island, Philippine Islands). 

Range: Reported from the northern plateau, the central plains, and 

the western and peninsular provinces south to Phuket and Phattha- 

lung. 

Genus BUTORIDES Blyth 

Butorides striatus amurensis von Schrenck 

[Ardea (Butorides) virescens] var. amurensis von Schrenck, Reisen 

und Forschungen in Amur-Lande . . ., band 1, lief. 2, 1860, 

p. 441 ("Amurland," Russian SFSR). 

Range: A visitor from northeastern Asia, reported on migration or 

in winter from the northern plateau (Chaiya Prakan, Mae Hong Son, 

Chiang Mai) and the southeastern provinces (Trat) . 



6 U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 226 

Butorides striatus actophilus Oberholser 

Butorides javanicus actophilus Oberholser, Smithsonian Misc. 
Coll., vol. 60, No. 7, Oct. 26, 1912, p. 1 (North Pagi Island, 
Mentawai Group, Barussan Islands). 
Range: A visitor from the North, reported on migration or in winter 
from the northern plateau and the central plains. 

Butorides striatus abbotti Oberholser 

Butorides javanicus abbotti Oberholser, U. S. Nat. Mus. Bull. 
159, 1932, p. 14 (Pulau Langkawi, Langkawi Islands, Strait 
of Malacca off the Malay State of Perlis). 
Range: The northern plateau, the southeastern provinces, the 
central plains, and the western and peninsular provinces to the ex- 
treme South. 

Genus ARDEOLA Bole 

Ardeola ralloides bacchus (Bonaparte) 

B[uphus]. bacchus Bonaparte, Conspectus generum avium, tom. 

2, pars 1, [not earlier than April 15], 1855, p. 127 (Malay 

Peninsula) . 

Range: A visitor from the North, reported on migration or in winter 

from the northern and eastern plateaus, the southeastern provinces, 

the central plains, and the western and peninsular provinces south 

to Trang. 

Ardeola ralloides speciosa (Horsfield) 

Ardea speciosa Horsfield, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, vol. 13, pt. 

1, May 1821, p. 189 (Java). 
Ardeola speciosa continentalis Salomonsen, Orn. Monatsb., jahrg. 
41, No. 2, Mar. 4, 1933, p. 41 (Bangkok [lat. 13°45' N., long. 
100°30'E.], Thailand). 
Range: Reported only from the central plains. 

Genus BUBULCUS Bonaparte 

Bubulcus ibis coromandus (Boddaert) 

Cancroma Coromanda Boddaert, Table des planches enlumineez 
d'histoire naturclle, 1783, p. 54 (Coromandel Coast of India, 
ex d'Aubenton, pi. 910). 
Range: Reported from the northern and eastern plateaus, the cen- 
tral plains, and the western and peninsular provinces to the extreme 
South. 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 



Genus EGRETTA T. Forster 



Egretta sacra sacra (Gmelin) 

[Ai'dea] sacra Gmelin, Caroli a Linne . . . Systema naturae, ed. 
13, torn. 1, pars 2, 1789, p. 640 (Tahiti Island, Society Islands). 
Range: Reported from reefs and islets along both coasts to the 
extreme South. 

Egretta eulophotes (Swinhoe) 

Herodias eulophotes Swinhoe, Ibis, vol. 2, No. 5, January 1860, 
p. 64 (Amoy, Fukien Province, China). 
Range: Now possibly extinct, but at least formerly a winter visitor 
from the North, reported on migration or in winter from the penin- 
sular provinces (specimens in the British Museum from Phuket, 1879, 
andPattani, 1901). 

Egretta alba modesta (J. E. Gray) 

Ardea modesta J. E. Gray, Zoological Miscellany, No. 1, 1831, 
p. 19 (India). 
Range: Reported from both stiU and running waters of the northern 
plateau, the central plains, and the western and peninsular provinces 
south to Surat Thani. 

Egretta intermedia palleuca Deignan 

Egretta intermedia palleuca Deignan, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 

vol. 60, No. 24, Aug. 22, 1947, p. 97 (Muang Chiang Rai [lat. 

19°55' N., long. 99°50' E.], Chiang Rai Province, Thailand). 

Range: The northern plateau, the central plains, and the western 

and peninsular provinces south to Prachuap Khiri Khan. 

Egretta garzetta garzelta (Linnaeus) 

[Ardea] Garzetta Linnaeus, Systema naturae, ed. 12, tom. 1, 1766, 
p. 237 {"in Oriente," ex Brisson; type locahty restricted to 
Europe, apud Mathews, List of the birds of Australia, 1913, 
p. 81, and further restricted to Malalbergo, Bologna Province, 
Emiha-Romagna, Italy, by Grant and Mackworth-Praed, Bull. 
Brit. Orn. Club, vol. 53, 1933, p. 194). 
Range: The northern plateau, the southeastern provinces, the cen- 
tral plains, and the western and peninsular provinces to the extreme 
South. 

Genus NYCTICORAX T. Forster 

Nycticorax nycticorax nycticorax (Linnaeus) 

[Ardea] Nycticorax Linnaeus, Systema naturae, ed. 10, tom. 1, 
1758, p. 142 ("in Europa australi"). 
Range: A permanent resident on the central plains, but reported as 
a post-breeding visitor from the northern plateau (Chiang Mai) and 
the eastern plateau (Khon Kaen). 

546-019—63 2 



8 U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 226 

Genus GOISAKIUS Bonaparte 

Goisakius nielanolophus melanolophus (Raffles) 

Ardea melanolopha Raffles, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, vol. 13, 

pt. 2, [not earlier than November] 1822, p. 326 (Sumatra; type 

locality restricted to Benkulan [lat. 3°47' S., long. 102°15' E.], 

by Kinnear and Robinson, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, vol. 47, 1927, 

p. 130). 

Range: A resident of heavy forest, reported from the northern and 

eastern plateaus, the southeastern provinces, and the western and 

peninsular provinces south to Satun. 

Genus IXOBRYCHUS Billberg 

Ixobrychus sinensis (Gmelin) 

[Ardea] Sinensis Gmelin, Caroli a Linne . . . Systema naturae, 
ed. 13, tom. 1, pars 2, 1789, p. 642 (China, ex Latham). 
Range: The northern plateau, the central plains, and the penin- 
sular provinces south to Phuket. 

Ixobrychus eurhythmus (Swinhoe) 

Ardetta eurhythma Swinhoe, Ibis, ser. 3, vol. 3, No. 9, January 
1873, p. 74, pi. 2 (Amoy, Fukien Province, China). 
Range: A visitor from northeastern Asia, reported on migration or 
in ^v'inter from the northern plateau (Chiang Rai), the central plains 
(Kamphaeng Phet), and the peninsular provinces (Trang). 

Ixobrychus cinnamomeus (GmeHn) 

[Ardea] cinnamomea Gmelin, Caroli a Linne . . . Systema na- 
turae, ed. 13, tom. 1, pars 2, 1789, p. 643 (China, ex Latham). 
Range: The northern plateau, the southeastern provinces, the cen- 
tral plains, and the western and peninsular provinces to the extreme 
South. 

Genus DUPETOR Heine and Reichenow 

Dupetor flavicoUis flavicoUis (Latham) 

[Ardea] flavicoUis Latham, Index ornithologicus, vol. 2, 1790, 

p. 701 (India; type locality here restricted to "the province of 

Oude," ex Latham, General synopsis of birds, suppl. 1, 1787, 

p. 239, No. 82). 

Range: Reported from the northern plateau, the central plains, 

and the peninsular provinces south to Trang. 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 9 

Genus BOTAURUS Stephens 

Botaurus stellaris stellaris (Linnaeus) 

[Ardea] stellaris Linnaeus, Systema naturae, ed. 10, torn. 1, 1758, 
p. 144 (Europe; type locality restricted to Sweden, apud 
Hartert) . 
Range: A visitor from northern Asia, reported on migration or in 
winter from the northern plateau and the central plains. 

Family CICONIIDAE 
Genus IBIS Lacepede 

Ibis leucocephala (Pennant) 

Tantalus leucocephalus Pennant, Indian zoology, 1769, p. 11, pi. 
10 (Ceylon). 
Range: Marshes of the central plains and of the peninsular provinces 
to the extreme South. 

Genus ANASTOMUS Bonnaterre 

Anastomus oscitans (Boddaert) 

Ardea oscitans Boddaert, Table des planches enlumineez d'his- 
toire natiu-elle, 1783, p. 55 (Pondicherry, ex d'Aubenton, pi. 
932). 
Range: Reported from marshes of the northern plateau, the cen- 
tral plains, and of the peninsular provinces south to Krabi. 

Genus CICONIA Brisson 

Ciconia ciconia ciconia (Linnaeus) 

[Ardea] Ciconia Linnaeus, Systema naturae, ed. 10, tom. 1, 1758, 
p. 142 (Europe, Asia, Africa; type locality restricted to Sweden, 
apud Hartert). 
Range: A visitor from western Asia, known by one winter sight rec- 
ord from the central plains (Nakhon Pathom) . 

Ciconia nigra (Linnaeus) 

[Ardea] nigra Linnaeus, Systema naturae, ed. 10, tom. 1, 1758, p. 
142 (''in Europa boreali"; type locaUty restricted to Sweden, 
apud Peters) . 
Range: A visitor from northern Asia, reported on migration or in 
winter from the northern plateau (Chiang Rai). 



10 U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 226 

Ciconia episcopus episcopus (Boddaert) 

Ardea Episcopus Boddaert, Table des planches enlumineez 

d'histoire naturelle, 1783, p. 54 (Coromandel Coast of India, 

ex d'Aubenton, pi. 906). 

Range: Reported from marshes of the northern and eastern plateaus, 

the central plains, and of the western and peninsular provinces to the 

extreme South. 

Genus XENORHYNCHUS Bonaparte 

Xenorhynchus asiaticus asiaticus (Latham) 

\AIycteria] asiatica Latham, Index ornithologicus, vol. 2, 1790, 
p. 670 (India). 
Range: Marshes of the northern plateau (Chiang Rai, Phayao), the 
central plains, and of the peninsular provinces south to Trang. 

Genus LEPTOPTILOS Lesson 

Leptoptilos dubius (GmeUn) 

[Ardea] dubia Gmehn, Caroli a Linne . . . Systema naturae, ed. 
13, tom. 1, pars 2, 1789, p. 642 (India). 
Range: The broader rivers and more extensive marshes of the 
northern plateau (Chiang Rai, Phayao), the southeastern provinces 
(Chon Buri), and of the central plains. 

Leptoptilos javanicus (Horsfield) 

Ciconia Javanica Horsfield, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, vol. 13, 
pt. 1, May 1821, p. 188 (Java). 
Range: Reported from still waters of the central plains and of the 
peninsular provinces south to Trang. 

Family PLATALEIDAE 

Genus THRESKIORNIS G. R. Gray 

Threskiornis melanoceplialus (Latham) 

[Tantalus] melanocephalus Latham, Index ornithologicus, vol. 2, 
1790, p. 709 (India). 
Range: Reported from the broader rivers and more extensive 
marshes of the central plains and along both coasts to the extreme 
South. 

Genus PSEUDIBIS Hodgson 

Pseudibis papillosa davisoni (Hume) 

Geronticus Davisoni Hume, Stray Feathers, vol. 3, No. 4, May 
1875, p. 300 ("the banks of the Pakchan Estuary in the extreme 
south of the Tenasserim Provinces," Burma). 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND H 

Range: Keported from the broader rivers aud more extensive 
marshes of the northern plateau (Chiang Rai), the central plains, and 
of the peninsular provinces south to Trang and Phatthalung. 

Pseudibis gigantea (Oustalet) 

Ihis gigantea Oustalet, Bull. Soc. Philom. Paris, ser. 7, tome 1, 
No. 1, 1877, p. 27 ("sur les bords du Mekong," Cambodia). 
Range: Reported from marshes of the central plains and of the 
peninsular provinces south to Satun. 

Order ANSERIFORMES 

Family ANATIDAE 

Genus DENDROCYGNA Swainson 

Dendrocygna javanica (Horsfield) 

Anas Javanica Horsfield, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, vol. 13, pt. 
1, May 1821, p. 199 (Java). 
Range: Still waters of the northern and eastern plateaus, the south- 
eastern provinces, the central plains, and of the western and peninsu- 
lar provinces to the extreme South. 

Genus TADORNA von Oken 

Tadorna ferruginea (Pallas) 

Anas (ferruginea) Pallas, m Vroeg, Beredeneerde catalogus, 

Adumbratiunculae, 1764, p. 5 (no type locality given, but 

accepted as Tartary, ex "Tartarysche Gans" and ''Anser Ta- 

taricus ferrugineus in Catalogus, p. 25). 

Range: A visitor from northern Asia, reported on migration or in 

winter on the larger rivers of the northern plateau and the central 

plains. 

Genus ANAS Linnaeus 

Anas acuta Linnaeus 

[^Tias] acuta Linnaeus, Systema naturae, ed. 10, tom. 1, 1758, p. 
126 ("m Europae maritimis"; type locality restricted to Swe- 
den, apvd Hartert) . 
Range: A visitor from the North, reported on migration or in winter 
from stUl waters of the northern plateau and the central plains. 

Anas crecca crecca Linnaeus 

[^nas] Crecca Linnaeus, Systema natiu-ae, ed. 10, tom. 1, 1758, p. 
126 ("in Europae aquis dulcibus"; type locality restricted to 
Sweden, apud Hartert). 
Range: A visitor from the North, reported on migration or in winter 
from still waters of the northern plateau and the central plains. 



12 U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 226 

Anas poecilorhyncha haringtoni (Gates) 

Polionetta haringtoni Gates, Jo urn. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc, vol. 
17, No. 3, Feb. 15, 1907, p. 558 (Shan States, Burma). 
Range: A visitor from the North, reported on migration or in winter 
from the northern plateau (Chiang Rai, Phayao) . 

Anas penelope Linnaeus 

[ilTias] Penelope Linnaeus, Systema naturae, ed. 10, tom. 1, 1758, 
p. 126 ("in Europse maritimis & paludibiLs" ; type locality 
restricted to Sweden, apiid Hartert) . 
Range: A visitor from the North, reported on migration or in 
winter from the northern plateau (Chiang Mai) . 

Anas querquedula Linnaeus 

[Anas] Querquedula Linnaeus, Systema naturae, ed. 10, tom. 1, 
1758, p. 126 ("m Europse aquis dvlcibus"; type locality re- 
stricted to Sweden, apud Hartert) . 
Range: A visitor from the North, reported on migration or in 
winter from still waters of the northern plateau and the central plains. 

Anas clypeata Linnaeus 

[^nas] clypeata Linnaeus, Systema naturae, ed. 10, tom. 1, 1758, 
p. 124 ("m Europae maritimis"; type locality restricted to 
southern Sweden, apud Hartert). 
Range: A visitor from the North, reported on migration or in 
winter from stiU waters of the central plains. 

Genus AYTHYA Bole 

Aythya ferina (Linnaeus) 

[Anas]ferina Linnaeus, Systema naturae, ed. 10, tom. 1, 1758, p. 
126 ("in Europse maritimis" ; type locality restricted to Sweden, 
apud Hartert). 
Range: A visitor from northern Asia, reported on migration or in 
winter from the northern plateau (Chiang Mai). 

Aythya nyroca (Giildenstadt) 

Anas nyroca Giildenstadt, Novi Comm. Acad. Sci. Imp. Petropoli- 
anae, vol. 14, pt. 1, 1769, p. 403 ("in rcgionibus Tanaicensibus 
inter gradum 54 et 55 latitudinis")- 
Range: A visitor from northwestern Asia, reported on migration or 
in winter from the northern plateau (Chiang Mai) . 

Aythya baeri (Radde) 

Anas {Fuiigula) Baeri Radde, Reisen im Suden von Gst-Sibirien, 
band 2, 1863, p. 376, pi. 15 ("Amurland," Russian SFSR). 
Range: A visitor from northeastern Asia, reported on migration or 
in winter from the northern plateau and the central plains. 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 13 

Aythya fuligula (Linnaeus) 

[Anas] Fuligula Linnaeus, Systema naturae, ed. 10, torn. 1, 1758, 
p. 128 ("m Europae maritimis"; type locality restricted to 
Sweden, apvd Hartert). 
Range: A visitor from northern Asia, reported on migration or in 
winter from the central plains (Chachoengsao). 

Genus NETTAPUS Brandt 

Nettapus coromandelianus coromandelianus (Gmelin) 

[ylnas] coromandelianus Gmelin, Caroli A Linne . . . Systema 

naturae, ed. 13, torn. 1, pars 2, 1789, p. 522 (Coromandel 

Coast of India). 

Range: Reported from still waters of the northern and eastern 

plateaus, the southeastern provinces, the central plains, and the 

western and peninsular provinces south to Phatthalung. 

Genus SARKIDIORNIS Eyton 

Sarkidiornis melanotos (Pennant) 

Anser melanotos Pennant, Indian zoology, 1769, p. 12, pi. 11 
(Ceylon). 
Range: Reported from several localities of the northern plateau and 
the central plains. 

Genus CAIRINA Fleming 

Cairina scutulata (S. MiiUer) 

Anas scutulata S. MiiUer, Verhandelingen over de natuurlijke 

Geschiedenis der Nederlandsche Overzeesche Bezittingen . . . 

Land- en Volkenkunde, pt. 5, Mar. 30, 1842, p. 159, footnote 

(Java). 

Range: Reported from forest of the western portion of the northern 

plateau, the northwestern portion of the eastern plateau, and of the 

western and peninsular provinces south to Trang and Phatthalung. 

Order FALCONIFORMES 

Family ACCIPITRIDAE 

Genus ELANUS de Savigny 

Elanus caeruleus vociferus (Latham) 

[Falco] vociferus Latham, Index ornithologicus, vol. 1, 1790, 

p. 46 (India; type locality restricted to Coromandel Coast of 

India, ex Sonnerat, apud Hartert). 

Range: Reported from the northern plateau (Phayao, Chiang Mai), 

the central plains, and the peninsular provinces south of the Isthmus 

of Era (Trang). 



X4 U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 226 

Genus MACHEIRAMPHUS Bonaparte 

Macheiramphus alcinus alcinus Bonaparte 

Macheiramphus alcinus Bonaparte, Rev. Mag. Zool., ser. 2, 
tome 2, [not earlier than September] 1850, p. 482 ("la presqu'ile 
de Malacca"). 
Range: The vicinity of limestone hills in the peninsular provinces 
southward from the Isthmus of KJra. 

Genus AVICEDA Swainson 

Aviceda jerdoni jerdoni (Blyth) 

P[ernis]. Jerdoni Blyih, J ourn. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, vol. II, pt. 1, 
No. 125, May 1842, p. 464 (no locaUty= Malacca, j^c?e Peters). 
Range: The southwestern portion of the eastern plateau, the south- 
eastern provinces, and the peninsular provinces from Prachuap 
Khiri Khan south to Trang. 

Aviceda leuphotes syama (Hodgson) 

Baza Syama Hodgson, Journ. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, vol. 5, No. 60, 
December 1836, p. 777 (Nepal). 
Range: A visitor from the North, reported on migration or in winter 
from the eastern plateau, the southeastern provinces, and the penin- 
sular provinces from the Isthmus of Kra south to Trang. 

Aviceda leuphotes leuphotes (Dumont) 

Falco leuphotes Dmnont, Dictionnaire des sciences naturelles, 

tome 16, April 1820, p. 217 (Pondicherry, Madras State, India). 

Range: Reported during the hot weather and the rains from the 

northern and eastern plateaus, in the cold season from the eastern 

plateau, the southeastern provinces, and the central plains. 

Genus PERNIS Cuvier 

Pernis ptilorhyncus orientalis Taczanowski 

Pernis apivorus orientalis Taczanowski, Mem. Acad. Imp. Sci. 
St.-Petersbourg, ser. 7, tome 39, 1891, p. 50 (eastern Siberia 
[" . . . Koultouk sur le Baikal meridional . . . I'em- 
bouchure de I'Oussouri au 48° L.N. . . . I'llot Askold au 
43° L.N."]; t>T)e locality [inferentially] restricted to "I'em- 
bouchure de I'Oussouri au 48° L.N.," by Sztolcman and 
Domanicwski, Ann. Zool. Mus. Polon. Hist. Nat., tom. 6, 
1927, p. 99). 
Range: A visitor from northeastern Asia, reported on migration or 

in winter from the peninsular provinces south of the Isthmus of Kra 

(Trang). 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 15 

Pernis ptilorhyncus ruficoUis Lesson 

Pernis ruficoUis Lesson, Traite d'ornithologie, livr. 1, February 

1830, p. 77 ("patrie inconnue"; type locality restricted to 

Bengal State, India, apud Kirke Swann, A monograph of the 

birds of prey, pt. 13, 1936, p. 312). 

Range: A visitor from the North, reported on migration or in winter 

from the northern plateau (Chiang Mai) and the southwestern 

provinces (Kanchanaburi) . 

Pernis ptilorhyncus gurneyi Stresemann 

Pernis ptilorhynchus gurneyi Stresemann, [Zeitschrift fiir 
wissenschaftliche Zoologie, Abt. B,] Archiv fiir Naturge- 
schichte, neue folge, band 9, heft 2, Apr. 15, 1940, pp. 155 
[in key], 168 (Lamaing, Mandalay District, Mandalay Division, 
Burma) . 
Range: Reported only from the northern and eastern plateaus. 

Pernis ptilorhyncus torquatus Lesson 

Pernis torquata Lesson, Traite d'ornithologie, livr. 1, February 

1830, p. 76 ("patrie inconnue"; type specimen from Sumatra, 

Jide Des Murs, Iconographie ornithologiqus, livr. 3, 1849, 

unpaged). 

Range: The peninsular provinces from Prachuap Khiri Khan to 

the extreme South. 

Genus MILVUS Lacepede 

MOvus migrans govinda Sykes 

Milvus Govinda Sykes, Proc. Comm. Sci Corr. Zool. Soc. London, 
pt. 2, No. 18, July 31, 1832, p. 81 (The Deccan, India). 
Range: The central plains as far south as Prachuap Khiri Khan 
throughout the year and occasionally reported along the eastern coast 
south to Songkhla. 

Milvus lineatus lineatus (J. E. Gray) 

Halixtus lineatus J. E. Gray, in Hardwicke, Illustrations of 
Indian zoology, vol. 1, pt. 8, 1831, pi. 18 (China). 
Range: A visitor from the North, reported on migration or in win- 
ter from the northern plateau and the central plains as far south as 
Prachuap Khiri Khan. 

Genus HALIASTUR Selby 

Haliastur indus indus (Boddaert) 

Falco Indus Boddaert, Table des planches enlumineez d'histoire 
naturelle, 1783, p. 25 (Pondicherry, ex d'Aubenton, pi. 416, 
and Buffon, vol. 1, p. 490). 



16 U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 226 

Range: Generally distributed from the northern and eastern pla- 
teaus southward over the central plains and apparently along the 
eastern coast as far as Pattani. 

Haliastur Indus intermedius Blyth 

[Haliastur] intermedius "Gurney" Blyth, Ibis, ser. 2, vol. 1, No. 
1, January 1865, p. 28 (Java). 
Range: From the Isthmus of Kra southward along the western coast 
to Satun. 

Genus ACCIPITER Brisson 

Accipiter gentilis khamensis (Bianchi) 

Astur palumbarius khamensis Bianchi, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, vol. 
16, Apr. 2, 1906, p. 70 ("fl. Re-tschu, affluent, fl. Mekong diet. 
... in terra Kham dicta, Tibet, merid.-orient."). 
Range: An apparently rare winter visitor to the higher peaks of 
the northwestern provinces. 

Accipiter badius poliopsis (Hume) 

Micronisus poliopsis Hume, Stray Feathers, vol. 2, Nos. 1-3, Jan- 
uary 1874, p. 325 ("Northern Pegu" ; type locality restricted 
to Thayetmyo, Thayetmyo District, Magwe Division, Burma, 
ex Hume, Stray Feathers, vol. 3, 1875, p. 24). 
Range: A common permanent resident throughout the country from 
Chiang Rai to the Isthmus of Kia, in winter southward in small num- 
bers as far as Trang. 

Accipiter soloensis (Horsfield) 

Falco Soloensis Horsfield, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, ser. 1, vol. 
13, pt. 1, May 1821, p. 137 (Java). 
Range: An im common visitor from northeastern Asia, reported on 
migration or in winter from the southeastern provinces and the north- 
ern plateau. 

Accipiter trivirgatus indicus (Hodgson) 

[^s^wr] Indicus "Parbattiah"= Hodgson, Bengal Sporting Maga- 
zine, new ser., vol. 8, October 1836, p. 177 (Nepal). 
Range: A permanent resident of forested areas in all parts of the 
country. 

Accipiter nisiis nisosimilis (Tickcll) 

Falco Nisosimilis Tickell, Journ. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, vol. 2, No. 
23, November 1833, p. 571 (Marcha, "in Borabhum" = Man- 
bhum District, Chota Nagpur Division, Bihar State, India). 
Range: Reported on migration or in winter from the northern pla- 
teau (Chiang Rai) and the central plains (Bangkok). 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 17 

Accipiter virgatus gularis (Temminck and Schlegel) 

Astur (Nisus) gularis Temminck and Schlegel, in Siebold, Fauna 

japonica, Aves, pt. 1, 1844, p. 5, pi. 2 (Japan). 

Range: A visitor from northeastern Asia, reported on migration or 

in winter from the northern and eastern plateaus, the southeastern 

provinces, and coasts and islands of the Peninsula south of the Isthmus 

of Kra. 

Accipiter virgatus affinis Hodgson 

[Accipiter] affinis "Parbattiah"= Hodgson, Bengal Sporting Mag- 
azine, new ser., vol. 8, October 1836, p. 179 (Nepal). 
Range: A permanent resident on the eastern plateau, but generally- 
distributed on migration or in winter from Chiang Rai south to Pra- 
chuap Khiri Khan. 

Genus BUTEO Lacepede 

Buteo burmanicus burmanicus Hume 

[Buteo] burmanicus Hume, Stray Feathers, vol. 3, Nos. 1, 2 & 3, 
January 1875, p. 30 (Thayetmyo District, Magwe Division, 
Upper Burma). 
Range: A visitor from northern Asia, reported on migration or in 
winter from southern Tak (one example, December 21, 1959). 

Genus BUTASTUR Hodgson 

Butastur indicus (Gmelin) 

[Falco] indicus Gmelin, Caroli a Linne . . . Systema naturae, 
ed. 13, torn. 1, pars. 1, 1788, p. 264 (Java, ex Latham). 
Range: A visitor from northeastern Asia, reported on migration 
or in winter from all parts of the country, but rare south of the Isthmus 
of Kra. 

Butastur liventer (Temminck) 

Falco liventer Temminck, in Temminck and Laugier, Nouveau 
recueil de planches coloriees d'oiseaux, [livre 74,] vol. 1, Sep- 
tember 1627, pi. 438 and text (Celebes, Sumatra, Java, and 
India). 
Range: A permanent resident in deciduous forests of the northern 
and eastern plateaus and once reported from the central plains. 

Genus SPIZAETUS VieiUot 

Spizaetus cirrhatus limnaeetus (Horsefield) 

Falco Limnaeetus Horsfield, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, ser. 1, 
vol. 13, pt. 1, May 1821, p. 138 (Java). 
Range: A permanent resident in forested areas of the central plains 
and the Peninsula to the extreme South. 



18 U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 226 

Spizaetus nipalensis nipalensis (Hodgson) 

[Nisactus (sic)] Nipalensis Hodgson, Journ. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, 
vol. 5, No. 52, April 183G, p. 229, pi. 7 (Nepal). 
Range: Not yet reported from the eastern plateau, but otherwise 
found on migration or in winter throughout the country to the extreme 
South. 

Spizaetus alboniger (Blyth) 

Nisaetus alboniger Blyth, Journ. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, vol. 14, pt. 
1, March 1845, p. 173 (Malacca). 
Range: Forested hills of the Peninsula south of the Isthmus of Kra. 

Spizaetus nanus nanus Wallace. 

Spizaetus nanus Wallace, Ibis, ser. 2, vol. 4, No. 13, January 

1868, p. 14, pi. 1 (Borneo; type specimen from Sarawak, /io^e 

Bowdler Sharpe, Catalogue of the birds in the British Museum, 

vol. 1, 1874, p. 272). 

Range: Lowland forests of the Peninsula south of the Isthmus of 

Kra. 

Genus HIERAAETUS Kaup 

Hieraaetus kienerii formosus Stresemann 

Hieraaetus kieneri formosus Stresemann, Orn. Monatsb., jahrg, 
32, No. 4, July 5, 1924, p. 108 (Northern Celebes). 
Range: Forested areas of the western provinces from Chiang Mai 
south to Trang. 

Genus AQUILA Brisson 

Aquila rapax vindhiana Franklin 

Aquila Vindhiana Franldin, Proc. Comm. Sci. Corr. Zool. Soc. 

London, pt. 1, No. 10, Oct. 25, 1831, p. 114 (Vindhya Hills, 

Vindhya Pradesh State, India). 

Range: A visitor from the North, reported on migration or in 

\Wnter from the western portion of the northern plateau (Chiang Mai). 

Aquila clanga Pallas 

Aquila Clanga Pallas, Zoographia rosso-asiatica, vol. 1, 1811, p. 

351 ("In Rossia Sibiriaque . . ., usque in Camtschatcam")- 

Range: A visitor from Northern Asia, reported on migration or in 

winter from the northern plateau (Chiang Mai), the central plains 

(Nakhon Sawan, Bangkok), and the northern peninsular provinces 

(Prachuap Khiri Klian). 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 19 

Genus ICTINAETUS Blyth 

Ictinaetus malayensis (Temminck) 

Falco malayensis "Reinw." Temminck, ir Temminck and Laugier, 
Nouveau recueil de planches coloriees d'oiseaux, [livr. 
20,] vol. 1, March 1822, pi. 117 and text ("dans toutes les lies 
du grand archipel des Indes . . . principalement a Java et a 
Smnatra"; type locality restricted to Java, by Kirke Swann, 
Synopsis of the Accipitres, ed. 2, 1922, p. 115). 
Range: Forested areas of the western provinces from Chiang Mai 
to Trang. 

Genus HALIAEETUS de Savigny 

Haliaeetus leucogaster (Gmelin) 

[Falco] leucogaster Gmelin, Caroli a Linne . . . Systema natm-ae, 
ed. 13, tom. 1, pars 1, 1788, p. 257 (no locality; "the type 
specimen must have been collected at or near Princes Island 
[lat. 6°36' S., long. 105°14' E.]," Jide Stresemann, Auk, vol. 
67, 1950, p. 82). 
Range: Common along both coasts to the extreme South. 

Genus ICTHYOPHAGA Lesson 

Icthyophaga ichthyaetus ichthyaetus (Horsfield) 

Falco Ichthyaetus Horsfield, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, vol. 13, 
pt. 1, May 1821, p. 136 (Java). 
Range: Reported from the more extensive marshes of the northern 
plateau, the central plains, and the western and peninsular provinces 
to the extreme South. 

Icthyophaga nana nana (Blyth) 

Icthyaetus nanus Blyth, Journ. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, vol. 11, pt. 

1, No. 122, February 1842, p. 202 (Malay Peninsula; type 
specimen from "the Straits of Malacca," Jide Blyth, Ibis, 
1866, p. 244). 

Range: A species of forested waterways, reported from the northern 
plateau and the peninsular provinces south of the Isthmus of Era. 

Genus TORGOS Kaup 

Torgos calvus (ScopoU) 

Vultur (calvus) Scopoli, Deliciae florae et faunae insubricae, pt. 

2, 1786, p. 85 (Pondicherry, ex Sonnerat). 

Range: Not yet reported from the eastern plateau, but otherwise 
found tlu-oughout the country to the extreme South. 



20 U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 226 

Genus GYPS de Savigny 

Gyps indicus tenuirostris G. R. Gray 

Cfyps tenuirostris "Hodg." G. R. Gray, The genera of birds, vol. 
1, pt. 2, June 1844, p. [6, where G. tenuirostris "(Hodgs.)," 
nomen nudum!], pi. [3] (no locality = Nepal, ex Bowdler Sharpe, 
Catalogue of the birds in the British Museum, vol. 1, 1874, 
p. 10). 
Range: Reported from the northern and eastern plateaus, the 
central plains, and the peninsular provinces (Trang). 

Gyps bengalensis (Gmelin) 

[Vultur]bengalensis GrneliUfCoxolisiljinne . . . Systema naturae, 
ed. 13, torn. 1, pars 1, 1788, p. 245 (Bengal State, India). 
Range: The northern plateau, the central plains, and the western 
and peninsular provinces to the extreme South. 

Genus CIRCUS Lacepede 

Circus melanoleucos (Pennant) 

Falco melanoleucos Pennant, Indian zoology, 1769, p. 2, pi. 2 
(Ceylon) . 
Range: A visitor from northeastern Asia, reported on migration or 
in winter from the northern plateau, the central plains, and the 
western and peninsular provinces south to the Isthmus of Era. 

Circus aeruginosus spilonotus Kaup 

C[ircu^]. spilonotus Kaup, Isis von Oken, jahrg. [40], heft 12, 

1847, col. 953 ("Asien?"; type specimen from the Philippine 

Islands, Jide Bowdler Sharpe, Catalogue of the birds in the 

British Museum, vol. 1, 1874, p. 59). 

Range: A visitor from northern Asia, reported on migration or in 

winter from the northern plateau, the central plains, and the western 

and peninsular provinces south to the Isthmus of Kra. 

Genus CIRCAETUS Vieillot 

Circaetus gallicus gallicus (Gmelin) 

[Falco] gallicus Gmelin, Caroli a Linne . . . Systema naturae, 
ed. 13, torn. 1, pars 1, 1788, p. 259 ("in Gallia"). 
Range: A visitor from northern Asia, reported on migration or in 
winter from the northern peninsular provinces (Prachuap Khiri Khan) . 

Genus SPILORNIS G. R. Gray 

Spilomis cheela burmanicus Kirke Swann 

Spilornis cheela burmanicus Kirke Swann, A synoptical list of 
the Accipitres, 1920, p. 81 (Jobin, Thayetmyo District, Pegu 
Division, Lower Burma). 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 21 

Spilornis cheela fioweri Kirke Swann, A synoptical list of the 
Accipitres, 1920, p. 81 ("Tahkaman"=Ban Prachantakham 
[lat. 14°05' N., long. 101°30' E.], Prachin Buri Province, and 
Chanthaburi [lat. 12°35' N., long. 102°05' E.], Chanthaburi 
Province, Thailand). 
Range: Found throughout the country from Chiang Rai to the 
Isthmus of Kra. 

Spilornis cheela malayensis Kirke Swann 

Spilornis cheela malayensis Kirke Swann, A synoptical list of the 
Accipitres, 1920, p. 83 (Raub [lat. 3°47' N., long 101°5r E.], 
Pahang State, Malaya). 
Range: Common in forested areas from the Isthmus of Kra to the 
extreme South. 

Family PANDIONIDAE 
Genus PAN DION de Savigny 

Pandion haliaetus haliaetus (Linnaeus) 

[Falco] Haliaetus Linnaeus, Systema naturae, ed. 10, tom. 1, 1758, 
p. 91 (Europe; type locality restricted to Sweden, apvd 
Hartert). 
Range: A visitor from the North, reported on migration or in 
winter from the major streams of the northern plateau and the cen- 
tral plains, and along the eastern coast as far south as Songkhla. 

Family FALCONIDAE 
Genus MICROHIERAX Bowdler Sharpe 

Microhierax horsfieldii (Lesson) 

Hierax horsfieldii Lesson, L'Echo du Monde Savant, ann. 10, ser. 
2, pt. 7, No. 31, Apr. 27, 1843, col. 728. New name for Falco 
ccerulescens "Linn." Horsfield, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, 
vol. 13, 1821, p. 135 (Java), not [Falco] cserulescens Linnaeus, 
1758. 
Range: The peninsular provinces from Prachuap Khiri Khan [at 
about lat. 11°40' N.] to the extreme South. 

Microhierax caerulescens burmanicus Kirke Swann 

Microhierax caerulescens burmanicus Kirke Swann, A synoptical 
list of the Accipitres, 1920, p. 116 (Thayetmyo, Thayetmyo 
District, Pegu Division, Lower Burma). 
Range: The northern and eastern plateaus, the southeastern prov- 
inces, and the western and peninsular provinces south to Prachuap 
Khiri Khan [at about lat. 11°36' N.]. 



22 IT-S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 226 

Genus POLIHIERAX Kaup 

Polihierax insignis cinereiceps Stuart Baker 

Polihierax insignis cinereiceps Stuart Baker, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 
vol. 47, No. 313, Mar. 25, 1927, p. 101 (Myawadi, Amherst 
District, Tenasserim Division, Burma). 
Range: The northern plateau, the western portion of the eastern 
plateau (Khon Kaen, Naldion Ratchasima), and the western prov- 
inces south to Rat Buri. 

Polihierax insignis harmandi (Oustalet) 

Falco {Poliohiei^ax) Harmandi Oustalet, Bull. Soc. Philom. Paris, 
ser. 6, tome 13 [not earlier than May 13], 1876, p. 57 (Sambor, 
Kratie Province, Cambodia). 
Range: Reported only from the southeastern portion of the eastern 
plateau (Ubon). 

Genus FALCO Linnaeus 

Falco peregriniis japonensis Gmelin 

[i^a^co]^"apone/isis Gmelin, Caroli a Linne . . . Systema naturae, 

ed. 13, tom. 1, pars 1, 1788, p. 257 ("m insulis Japan"; type 

specimen "flew on board off Japan, "^(/e Stresemann, Ibis, vol. 

91, 1949, p. 253). 

Range: A visitor from northeastern Asia, reported on migration or 

in winter from the northern plateau and the central plains. 

Falco severus severus Horsfield 

Falco severus Horsfield, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, vol. 13, pt. 1, 
May 1821, p. 135 (Java). 
Range: Reported from the northern plateau and the central plains 
south to Bangkok and Prachuap Khiri Khan, 

Falco tinnunculus tinnunculus Linnaeus 

[Falco] Tinnunculus Linnaeus, Systema naturae, ed. 10, tom. 1, 

1758, p. 90 (Em-ope; type locality restricted to Sweden, apud 

Hartert) . 

Range: A visitor from northern Asia, reported on migration or in 

winter from the northern plateau (Chiang Mai) and the central plains 

south to Bangkok and Prachuap Khhi Khan. 

Falco tinnunculus interstinctus McClelland 

Falco interstinctus McClelland, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, pt. 7, No. 
82, March 1840, p. 154 (Assam State, India). 
Range: A visitor from the North, reported on migration or in winter 
from the northern plateau, the central plains, and the western and 
peninsular provinces south to Trang. 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 23 

Order GALLIFORMES 

Family PHASIANIDAE 

Genus FRANCOLINUS Oken 

Francolinus pintadeanus pbayrei (Blyth) 

P[erdix]. Phayrei Blyth, Journ. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, vol. 12, pt. 2, 
No. 143, [not earlier than December ?] 1843, p. 1011 (Arakan 
Division, Lower Bm'ma). 
Range: The northern and eastern plateaus, the southeastern prov- 
inces, and the central plains as far south as Bangkok. 

Genus RHIZOTHERA G. R. Gray 

Rhizothera longirostris longirostris (Temminck) 

Perdix Longirostris Temminck, Histoire generale des pigeons et 
des gallinaces, tome 3, 1815, pp. 323, 721 (Sumatra). 
Range: Evergi-een forests of the southwestern and peninsular prov- 
inces from Rat Buri to the extreme South. 

Genus COTURNIX Bonnaterre 

Coturnix coturnix japonica Temminck and Schlegel 

Coturnix vulgaris japonica Temminck and Schlegel, in Siebold, 
Fauna japonica, Aves, pts. 9-11, 1849, p. 103, pi. 61 (Japan), 
Range: A visitor from northeastern Asia, reported on migration or 
in winter from the northern plateau (Chiang Alai), 

Coturnix chinensis chinensis (Linnaeus) 

[Tetrao] chinensis Linnaeus, Systema naturae, ed. 12, tom. 1, 1766, 
p. 277 ("in China, Philippinis" ; type locality restricted to Nan- 
king, Kiangsu Px-ovince, China, ex Edwards, apvd Peters). 
Range: Reported from the northern plateau (Chiang Mai), the cen- 
tral plains, and the peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Ej-a to 
the extreme South. 

Genus ARBOROPHILA Hodgson 

Arborophila rufogularis tickelli (Hume) 

A[rboricola]. tickelli Hume, in Hume and Marshall, The game 
birds of India, Burmah, and Ceylon, vol. 2, 1880, p. 78 (foot- 
note), pi. [11] (fig. of head) (Mulayit Taung, Amherst District, 
Tenasserim Division, Lower Burma). 
Range: Evergreen forests (at elevations above 4,500 feet) on moun- 
tains of the northwestern provinces from Chaiya Prakan south to Tak. 

546-019—63 3 



24 U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 226 

Arl>orophila brunneopectus brunneopectus (Blyth) 

Arboricola brunneopectus "Tickell" Blyth, Journ. Asiatic Soc. 

Bengal, vol. 24, No. 3, [not earlier than April] 1855, p. 276 

("mountainous interior of the Tenasserim provinces," Lower 

Burma). 

Range: Evergreen forests (at elevations below 4,500 feet) of the 

northern plateau, the northwestern portion of the eastern plateau 

(Loei) , and of the western provinces south to Kanchanaburi (possibly 

PhetBuri). 

Arborophila cambodiana Delacour and Jabouille 

Arborophila cambodiana Delacour and Jabouille, Bull. Brit. Orn. 
Club, vol. 48, No. 325, July 10, 1928, p. 128 (Le Boc Kor [lat. 
10°37' N., long. 104°03' E.], Kampot Province, Cambodia). 
Arborophila diversa Riley, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, vol. 43, 
No. 31, Nov. 29, 1930, p. 189 (Khao Sa Bap [lat. 12°35' N., 
long. 102°15' E.], Chanthaburi Province, Thailand). 
Range: Evergreen forests of the southeastern provinces (Chantha- 
buri). 

Arborphila charltonii chloropus (Blyth) 

Tropicoperdix "(nobis)" chloropus "Tickell" Blyth, Journ. Asiatic 
Soc. Bengal, vol. 28, No. 4, 1859, p. 415 ("mountainous interior 
of the Tenasserim provinces"; type specimen from "Thalaya 
on the Zummee river" [lat. 15°43' N., long. 98°15' E.], Amherst 
District, Tenasserim Division, Lower Burma,, Jide Tickell, ibid., 
No. 5, 1860, p. 454). 
Range: Reported from the northern and eastern plateaus and the 

southeastern provinces, in bamboo or evergreen forests at low 

elevations, 

Arborophila charltonii peninsularis Meyer de Schauensee 

Arborophila chloropus peninsularis Meyer de Schauensee, Notulae 

Naturae Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, No. 82, May 20, 1941, 

p. [1] (Ban Thung Luang [lat. 12°40' N., long. 99°50' E.], 

Phet Buri Province, Thailand). 

Range: Evergreen forests of the southwestern provinces (Phet Buri, 

Prachuap Khiri Khan). 

Arborophila charltonii charltonii (Eyton) 

Perdix Charltonii Eyton, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., vol. 16, No. 105, 
October 1845, p. 230 (Malacca). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kra to the 
extreme South. 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 25 

Genus CALOPERDIX Blyth 

Caloperdix oculea oculea (Temminck) 

Perdix ocuLea Temminck, Histoire natiirelle generale des pigeons 
et des gallinaces, vol. 3, 1815, pp. 408, 732 ("India," error; 
type locality corrected to "central parts of Malay Peninsula," 
by Robinson and Boden Kloss, Journ. Nat. Hist. Soc. Siam, 
vol. 5, No. 1, 1921, p. 18). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kra to the 
extreme South. 

Genus ROLLULUS Bonnaterre 

RoUulus rouloul (Scopoli) 

PhasianiLS (Rouloul) Scopoli, Deliciae jJorae et faunae insubricae. 
pt. 2, 1786, p. 93 (Malacca, ex Sonnerat). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kra to the 
extreme South. 

Genus BAMBUSICOLA Gould 

Bambusicola fytchii fytchii Anderson 

Bambusicola fytchii Anderson, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, for 1871, 
pt. 1, June 1871, p. 214, pi. 11 (Pangsi [lat. 24°30' N., long. 
97°40' E.], Yunnan Province, Chma). 
Range: Reported only from high elevations in Chaiya Prakan. 

Genus LOPHURA Fleming 

Lophura leucomelana lineata (Vigors) 

Phasianus lineatus "Lath, ms." Vigors, Proc. Comm. Sci. Corr. 
Zool. Soc. London, pt. 1, No. 2, Feb. 1, 1831, p. 24 ("Straits 
of Malacca," error; type locality corrected to "East Pegu 
Hills," Burma, by Ticehurst, Journ. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc, 
vol. 36, 1933, p. 936). 
Range: Lowland forests of the northwestern provinces from Mae 
Hong Son to northern Tak. 

Lophura leucomelana crawfurdii (J. E. Gray) 

Phasianus Crawfurdii J. E. Gray, in Griffith, The animal king- 
dom ... by the Baron Cuvier, vol. 8 [Aves, vol. 3], 1829, 
p. 27 ("Ava," error; type locality corrected to Hat Sanuk [near 
Prachuap Khiri Khan], Prachuap Khiri Khan Province, Thai- 
land, by Deignan, The Auk, vol. 60, 1943, p. 89). 
Range: Lowland forests of the southwestern and peninsular prov- 
inces from southern Tak to Prachuap Khiri Khan. 



26 U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 2 26 

Lophura nycthemera jonesi (Oates) 

Gennseus jonesi Oates, Ibis, ser. 8, vol. 3, No. 9, January 1903 

p. 97 ("a place twenty miles east of Kengtung (N. lat. 21°30' 

and E. long. 99°45')," Kengtung State, Southern Shan State, 

Burma). 

Range: Highland forests of the northern plateau and south along 

the Dong Phaya Fai Range to Nakhon Ratchasima. 

Lophura nycthemera lewisi (Delacour and Jabouille) 

Gennxus lewisi Delacour and Jabouille, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 
vol. 48, No. 325, July 10, 1928, p. 125 (Le Boc Kor [lat. 10°37' 
N., long. 104°03' E.j, Kampot Province, Cambodia). 
Range: Mountain forests of the southeastern provinces (Chantha- 
buri, Trat). 

Lophura ignita rufa (Raffles) 

Phasianus rufus Raffles, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, vol. 13, pt. 2, 
[not earlier than November] 1822, p. 321 (Sumatra; type 
locality restricted to "the neighbourhood of Bencoolen [lat. 
3°47' S., long. 102°15' E.]," by Kinnear and Robinson, Bull. 
Brit. Orn. Club, vol. 47, 1927, p. 130). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kra to the 
extreme South. 

Lophura diardi (Bonaparte) 

Euplocomus diardi "Temm." Bonaparte, Compt. Rend. Acad. Sci. 
[Paris], tome 43, No. 8, [not earher than August 25], 1856, p. 415 
(no locality; iyp& specimen from Cochin-China, fide Peters). 
Range: Lowland forests of the eastern portion of the northern pla- 
teau (Phrae, Nan), thi eastern plateau, and of the southeastern 
provinces. 

Genus GALLUS Brisson 

Callus gallus spadiceus (Bonnaterre) 

C[oturnix]. Spadicea Bonnaterre, Tableau encyclopedique et 

methodique des trois r^gnes de la nature, ornithologie, pt. 1, 

1792, p. 218, pi. 96, fig. 1 ("Cape of Good Hope," ex Latham, 

error; type locality corrected to Malacca, by Boden Kloss, in 

Robinson, Ibis, 1931, p. 324). 

Range: The northern plateau, the western portion of the eastern 

plateau, and the western and peninsular provinces to the extreme 

South. 

Gallus gallus gallus (Linnaeus) 

[Phasianus] Gallus Linnaeus, Systema naturae, ed. 10, torn. 1, 
1758, p. 158 (Pulau Kondor [lat. 8°41' N., long. 106°36' E.], 
South China Sea). 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 27 

Range: The eastern portion of the eastern phiteau (along the river 
Mae Khong from Sakon Nakhon to Khu Khan) and the south- 
eastern provinces. 

Genus SYRMATICUS Wagler 

Syrmaticus huniiae burmannicus (Oates) 

Calojjhasis burmannicus Oates, Ibis, ser. 7, vol. 4, No. 13, January 

1898, p. 124 ('The Ruby Mines district," Katha District, 

Sagaing Division, and Kaiaw [lat. 20°38' N., long. 96°34' E.], 

Hsamonghkam State, Southern Shan State, Upper Burma). 

Range: Mountain forests of the northwestern provinces (Chaiya 

Prakan, Chiang Mai). 

Genus POLYPLECTRON Temminck 

Polyplectron bicalcaratum bicalcaratum (Linnaeus) 

[Pavo] bicalcaratus Linnaeus, Systema naturae, ed. 10, torn. 1, 

1758, p. 156 ("China," error; type locality corrected to Thaung- 

ya Sakan, Amherst District, Tenasserun Division, Lower 

Burma, by Lowe, Ibis, 1925, p. 477). 

Range: Evergreen forests of the northern plateau, the northwestern 

portion of the eastern plateau (Phetchabun), and of the western 

and peninsular provinces south to Prachuap Khiri Khan. 

Polyplectron malacense malacense (Scopoli) 

Pavo {malacensis) Scopoli, Deliciae florae et faunae insubricae, 
pars 2, 1786, p. 93 (Malacca, ex Sonnerat). 
Range: Evergreen forests of the peninsular provinces from the 
Isthmus of Kra to the extreme South. 

Genus ARGUSIANUS Rafinesque 

Argusianus argus argus (Linnaeus) 

[Phasianus] Argus Linnaeus, Systema naturae, ed. 12, torn. 1, 
1766, p. 272 ("m Tataria Chinensi," error; type locality cor- 
rected to Sumatra, ex Latham). 
Range: Forests of the peninsular provinces from Prachuap Khiri 
Khan to the extreme South. 

Genus PAVO Linnaeus 

Pavo muticus imperator Delacour 

Pavo muticus i7n2)erator Delacour, Ibis, vol. 91, No. 2, Apr. 1, 1949, 
p. 348 (Plateau des Bolovens, Sara vane Province, Laos). 
Range: Lowland forests of the northern and eastern plateaus and 
of the western and peninsular provinces south to Prachuap Khiri 
Khan. 



28 U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 226 

Pavo muticus muticus Linnaeus 

[Pavo] muticus Linnaeus, Systema naturae, ed. 12, torn. 1, 1766, 
p. 268 ("Japan," error; type locality corrected to Java, by 
Hartert, Nov. Zool., vol. 9, 1902, p. 538). 
Range: Lowland forests of the peninsular provinces from the Isth- 
mus of Kra to the extreme South. 

Order GRUIFORMES 

Family TURNICIDAE 

Genus TURNIX Bonnaterre 

Turnix sylvatica mikado Hachisuka 

Turnix sylvatica mikado Hachisuka, The birds of the Philippine 
Islands, pt. 1, March 16, 1931, p. 167, footnote 1 (Takao, For- 
mosa) . 
Range: Reported only from the central plains. 

Turnix tanki blanfordii Blyth 

Turnix Blanfordii Blyth, Journ. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, vol. 32, 
No. 1, 1863, p. 80 (Burma and Arakan; type specimen from 
Thayetmyo, Thayetmyo District, Magwe Division, Upper 
Burma, Jide Peters, Check-list of birds of the world, vol. 2, 
1934, p. 145). 
Range: Reported from the northern and eastern plateaus, the cen- 
tral plains, and the western and peninsular provinces south to the 
Isthmus of Era. 

Turnix suscitator blakistoni (Swinhoe) 

Areoturnix blakistoni Swinhoe, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, for 1871, 
pt. 2, October 1871, p. 401 (Canton, Kwangtung Province, 
China) . 
Range: A visitor from the North, reported on migration or in winter 
from the northern plateau (Chiang Mai) . 

Turnix suscitator thai Dcignan 

Turnix suscitator thai Deignan, Journ. Washington Acad. Sci., vol. 
36, No. 11, Nov. 15, 1946, p. 390 (Nong Boraphet [lat. 15°43' 
N., long. 100°14' E.], Naldion Sawan Province, ThaUand). 
Range: The northern and eastern plateaus, the southeastern prov- 
inces, and the central plains south to Prachuap Khiri Klian. 

Turnix suscitator atrogularis (Eyton) 

Hemipodius atrogvlaris Eyton, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, pt. 7, 

No. 78, November 1839, p. 107 (Malacca). 
Turnix suscitator interrumpens Robinson and Stuart Baker, BuU. 
Brit. Orn. Club, vol. 48, No. 320, Jan. 26, 1928, p. 60 (Ban 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 29 

Krasom [lat. 8°24' N., long. 98°25' E.], Phangnga Province, 
Thailand). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kra to the 
extreme South. 

Family GRUIDAE 
Genus GRUS Pallas 

Grus antigone sharpii Blanford 

Orus (Antigone) sharpii Blanford, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, vol. 5, 
No. 30, Nov. 30, 1895, p. vii (Burma). 
Range: Reported from the northern plateau, the central plains, and 
the peninsular provinces between the Isthmus of Kra and Trang. 

Family RALLIDAE 
Genus RALLUS Linnaeus 

Rallus aqxiaticus indicus Blyth 

Rallus indicus Blyth, Journ. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, vol. 18, pt. 2 
[not earlier than August] 1849, p. 820 (Lower Bengal; type 
specimens from "the vicinity of Calcutta," Bengal State, 
India, fide Blyth, Catalogue of the birds in the Museum 
Asiatic Society, 1852, p. 286). 
Range: A visitor from northeastern Asia, reported on migration or 
in winter from the northern plateau and the central plains. 

Rallus striatus albiventer Swainson 

Rallus albiventer Swainson, Animals in menageries, pt. 3, Dec. 
31, 1837, p. 337 (India). 
Range: Found throughout the year in marshes of the northern 
plateau and the central plains and reported (perhaps only on migra- 
tion or in mnter) from the peninsular provinces (Phulcet, Nakhon Si 
Thammarat). 

Genus RALLINA G. R. Gray 

Rallina fasciata (Raffles) 

Rallus fasciatus Raffles, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, vol. 13, pt. 

2, [not earlier than November] 1822, p. 328 (Sumatra; type 

locality restricted to "the neighbourhood of Bencoolen [lat. 

3°47' S., long. 102°15' E.]," by Kinnear and Robinson, Bull. 

Brit. Orn. Club, vol. 47, 1927, p. 130). 

Range: Very rare in evergreen forests of the northern provinces, 

uncommon (perhaps only on migration or in winter) in the peninsular 

provinces south of the Isthmus of Kra. 



30 U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 2 26 

Rallina eurizonoides amauroptera (Jerdon) 

P[orzana]. amauroptera "Blyth" Jerdon, The birds of India, vol. 
3, 1864, p. 725 (Northern India). 
Range: Reported from evergreen forests of the northern plateau 
(Chiang Mai) and the southwestern provinces (Phet Buri). 

Rallina eurizonoides telmatophila Hume 

Rallina telmatophila Hume, Stray Feathers, vol. 7, Nos. 1 & 2, 
August 1878, p. 142 ("a few miles inland from Malacca"). 
Range: Evergreen forests of the peninsular provinces south of the 
Isthmus of Kra (Trang), 

Genus PORZANA VieUlot 

Porzana pusilla pusilla (Pallas) 

Rallus pusillus Pallas, Reise durch verschiedene Provinzen des 
russischen Reichs, vol. 3, 1776, p. 700 (Dauria). 
Range: A visitor from northeastern Asia, reported on migration or 
in winter from the northern plateau (Chiang Mai), the central plains 
(Bangkok), and the peninsular provinces (Phatthalung). 

Porzana fusca bakeri Hartert 

Porzana jusca bakeri Hartert, Nov. ZooL, vol. 24, No. 1, May 

16, 1917, p. 272 (Bhim Tal, Almora District, Kumaun Division, 

Uttar Pradesh State, India). 

Range: Present throughout the year in marshes of the northern 

plateau, the central plains, and the peninsular provinces south of the 

Isthmus of Kra. 

Porzana paykullii (Ljungh) 

Rallus Paykullii Ljungh, Kongl. [Svenska] Vet. Acad. Handl., 
f6r ar 1813, [not earlier than July 21,] 1813, p. 258, pi. 5 (Borneo 
and Java). 
Range: A visitor from northeastern Asia, reported on migration or 
in winter from the central plains (Bangkok). 

Porzana cinerea cinerea (Vieillot) 

Porphyria cinereus Vieillot, Nouveau dictionnaire d'histoire 

naturelle, nouv. ed,, tome 28, 1819, p. 29 ("Le pays . . . 

m'est inconnu"; type specimen from J[iY£i,Jide Pucheran, Rev. 

Mag. Zool., ser. 2, tome 3, 1851, p. 563). 

Range: Reported from the peninsular provinces south of the 

Isthmus of Kra. 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 31 

Genus AMAURORNIS Reichenbach 

Amaurornis phoenicurus chinensis (Boddaert) 

Fulica chinensis Boddaert, Table des planches enlumineez, 
1783, p. 54 (China, ex d'Aubenton, pi. 896; type locality- 
restricted to Hongkong, by Stresemann, Nov. Zool., vol. 20, 
1913, p. 304). 
Range: Very common in ever}' part of the country. 

Genus GALLICREX Blyth 

Gallicrex cinerea cinerea (Gmelin) 

[Fulica] cinerea Gmelin, Caroli a Linne . . . Systema naturae, 
ed. 13, torn. 1, pars 2, 1789, p. 702 (China). 
Range: Reported from the northern plateau, the southeastern prov- 
inces (Chanthaburi) , and the central plains. 

Gallicrex cinerea plumbea (Vieillot) 

Gallinula plumbea Vieillot, Nouveau dictionnaire d'histotre na- 
turelle, nouv. ed., tome 12, June 1817, p. 404 (Java). 
Range: Apparently rare in the peninsular provinces south of the 
Isthmus of Kra (Phatthalung, Pattani). 

Genus GALLINULA Brisson 

Gallinula chloropus indica Blyth 

Gallinula chloropus {!) , var. Indicus [sic] Blyth, Journ. Asiatic 
Soc. Bengal, vol. 11, pt. 2, 1843, p. 887 (Calcutta, Bengal State, 
India). 
Range: Reported from marshy areas of the northern plateau and 
the central plains south to Prachuap Khiri Khan. 

Genus PORPHYRIO Brisson 

Porphyrio porphyrio poliocephalus (Latham) 

G[allinula]. poliocephala Latham, Index ornithologicus, Suppl., 
1801, p. Ixviii (India). 
Range: Marshy areas of the northern plateau and the central plains 
(Phitsanulok, Nakhon Sawan). 

Porphyrio porphyrio viridis Begbie 

Porphyrio viridis Begbie, The Malayan Peninsula, 1834, p. 515 

(Malacca). 
Porphyrio Edwardsi Elliot, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 5, vol. 1, 
No. 1, January 1878, p. 98 (Saigon, Cochin China, and Bang- 
kok, Thailand). 
Range: Marshy areas of the central plains (including Nakhon 
Sawan, where it is absolutely sympatric with the preceding form!). 



32 U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 226 

Genus FULICA Linnaeus 

Fulica atra atra Linnaeus 

[Fulica] atra Linnaeus, Systema naturae, ed. 10, torn. 1, 1758, p. 

152 (Europe; type locality restricted to Sweden, apud Hartert). 

Range: A visitor from the North, reported on migration or in 

winter from the northern plateau (Chiang Mai, Lampang) and the 

eastern plateau (Chaiyaphum) . 

Family HELIORNITHIDAE 
Genus HELIOPAIS Bowdler Sharpe 

Heliopais personata (G. R. Gray) 

Podica personata G. R. Gray, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, pt. 16, 
Mar. 13, 1849, p. 90 (Malacca). 
Range: Reported from the northern plateau (Lampang), the south- 
eastern provinces (Chanthaburi), and the peninsular provinces 
(Prachuap Khiri Khan, Ko Phangan, Pattani). 

Order CHARADRIIFORMES 

Family JACANIDAE 
Genus HYDROPHASIANUS Wagler 

Hydrophasianus chirurgus (Scopoli) 

Tringa (Chirurgus) Scopoli, Deliciae florae et faunae insubricae, 

pt. 2, 1786, p. 92 (Luz6n Island, Philippine Islands, ex 

Sonnerat) . 

Range: Reported from the northern and eastern plateaus, the 

southeastern provinces, and the central plains south to Prachuap 

Khiri Khan. 

Genus METOPIDIUS Wagler 

Metopidius indicus (Latham) 

[Parra] indica Latham, Index ornithologicus, vol. 2, 1790, p. 765 
("in Indix paludosis")- 
Range: Reported from the northern plateau, the southeastern 
provinces, the central plains, and the peninsular provinces (Surat 
Thani). 

Family ROSTRATULIDAE 

Genus ROSTRATULA Vieillot 

Rostratula benghalensis benghalensis (Linnaeus) 

[Rallus] benghalensis Linnaeus, Systema naturae, ed. 10, tom. 1, 
1758, p. 153 (Asia). 
Range: Reported from the northern plateau, the central plains, 
and the southeastern provinces (Rayong). 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 33 

Family CHARADRIIDAE 

Genus VANELLUS Brisson 

Vanellus duvaucelii (Lesson) 

Charadrius Duvaucelii Lesson, Dictionnaire des sciences na- 

turelles, ed. Levrault, tome 42, September 1826, p. 38 (Calcutta, 

Bengal State, India). 

Range: Along rivers of the northern and eastern plateaus, the 

central plains, and of the western and peninsular provinces south to 

Trang. 

Vanellus cinereus (Blyth) 

Pluvianus cinereus Blyth, Joiu-n. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, vol. 11, 

pt. 1, No. 126, June 1842, p. 587 (Calcutta, Bengal State, 

India) . 

Range: A visitor from northeastern Asia, reported on migration or 

in winter from the northern and eastern plateaus and the central 

plains. 

Vanellus indicus atronuchalis (Jerdon) 

L[ohivanellus\. atronuchalis "Blyth" Jerdon, The birds of India, 
vol. 3, 1864, p. 648 (Burma). 
Range: The northern and eastern plateaus, the southeastern 
provinces, the central plains, and the western and peninsular provinces 
to the extreme South. 

Genus CHARADRIUS Linnaeus 

Charadrius dominicus fulvus Gmelin 

[Charadrius] fulvus Gmelin, Caroli a Linne . . . Systema 

naturae, ed. 13, tom. 1, pars 2, 1789, p. 687 (Tahiti Island, 

Society Islands). 

Range: A visitor from northern Asia, reported on migration or in 

winter from the northern plateau, the central plains, and the coasts 

of all the maritime provinces. 

Charadrius squatarola (Linnaeus) 

[Tringa] Squatarola Linnaeus, Systema naturae, ed. 10, tom. 1, 

1758, p. 149 (Europe; type locality restricted to Sweden, 

by Hartert, Die Vogel der palaarktischen Fauna, band 2, 

hft. 5-6, 1920, p. 1553). 

Range: A visitor from northern Asia, reported on migration or in 

winter along the coasts of all the maritime provinces. 

Charadrius placidus J. E. and G. R. Gray 

Charadrius placidus J. E. and G. R. Gray, Catalogue of the 
specimens and drawings of mammals, birds, reptiles, and fishes 
of Nepal and Tibet, presented by B. H. Hodgson, Esq., to the 



34 U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 2 26 

British Museum, cd. 2, 1863, p. 70 (no locality; type specimen 

from Nepal, fide Bowdler Sharpe, Catalogue of the birds in 

the British Museum, vol. 24, 1896, p. 263). 

Range: A visitor from northeastern Asia, reported on migration or 

in winter from the northern plateau (Chiang Rai, Chiang Mai, Nan). 

Charadrius dubius curonicus Gmelin 

[Charadrius] curonicus Gmelin, Caroli a Ijinne . . . Systema na- 
turae, ed. 13, tom. 1, pars 2, 1789, p. 692 (Kurland, Latvia). 
Range: A visitor from northern Asia, reported on migration or in 
winter from the northern plateau and the central plains south to 
Prachuap Khiri Khan. 

Charadrius dubius jerdoni (Legge) 

^[gialitis]. jerdoni Legge, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, for 1880, pt. 
1, June 1880, p. 39. New name for Mgialitis minutus "Pallas" 
Jerdon, The birds of India, vol. 3, 1864, p. 641 ("in the Deccan, 
generally among hills; and also from the top of the Eastern 
Ghats inland from Nellore"), not Charadrius minutus Pallas, 
1811. 
Range: Reported throughout the year from the northern plateau, 
the eastern plateau (Loei), and the central plains. 

Charadrius alexandrinus alexandrinus Linnaeus 

[Charadrius] alexandrinus Linnaeus, Systema naturae, ed. 10, tom 
1, 1758, p. 150 ("ad ^Egypti ex Nilo canalem"). 
Range: A visitor from northern Asia, reported on migration or in 
winter from the western portion of the northern plateau (Mae Hong 
Son, Chiang Mai). 

Charadrius alexandrinus nihonensis Deignan 

Charadrius alexandrinus nihonensis Deignan, Journ. Washington 

Acad. Sci., vol. 31, No. 3, Mar. 17, 1941. p. 106 (Aomori [lat. 

40°49' N., long. 140°45' E.], Honshu Island, Japan). 

Range: A visitor from northeastern Asia, reported on migration or 

in winter from the coasts of the southwestern provinces (Samut Song- 

khram, Prachuap Khiri Khan). 

Charadrius peronii Schlegel 

Charadrius peronii "Temminck" Schlegel, Mus. Hist. Nat. Pays- 
Bas, vol. 4, 1865, Cursores, p. 33 ("I'Archipel Indien" [type 
specimens from Borneo, Java, and Semao]; type locality re- 
stricted [inferentially] to Borneo, by Hartert, Nov. Zool., vol. 
9, 1902, p. 425). 
Range: Reported throughout the year from the coasts and islands 
of the southeastern provinces (Trat, Chanthaburi) and of the penin- 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 35 

sular provinces (Prachuap Khiri Khan, Chumphon, Nakhon Si Tham- 
marat, Trang). 

Charadrius mongolus schaferi Meyer de Schauensee 

Charadrius mongolus schaferi Meyer de Schauensee, Proc. Acad. 
Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, vol. 89, Oct. 20, 1937, p. 340 ("at Camp 
104, a locality about 100 miles due north of Jyekundo," Tsinghai 
Province, China). 
Range: A visitor from the North, reported on migration or in win- 
ter along the coasts of all the maritime provinces. 

Charadrius leschenaidtii Lesson 

Charadrius Leschenaultii Lesson, Dictionnaire des sciences natu- 
relles, ed. Levrault, tome 42, September 1826, p. 36 (Pondi- 
cherry, Madras State, India), 
Range: A visitor from the North, reported on migration or in win- 
ter along the coasts of all the maritime provinces. 

Family SCOLOPACIDAE 

Genus NUMENIUS Brisson 

Numenius phaeopus phaeopus (Linnaeus) 

[Scolopax] Phaeopus Linnaeus, Sj^stema naturae, ed. 10, tom. 1, 

1758, p. 146 (Europe; type locality restricted to Sweden, apud 

Hartert) . 

Range: A visitor from northwestern Asia, reported on migration or 

in winter along the eastern coast from Chanthaburi to Naldion Si 

Thammarat. 

JNumenius phaeopus variegatus (Scopoli) 

Tantalus (variegatus) Scopoli, Deliciae florae et faunae insubricae, 

pt. 2, 1786, p. 92 (Luz6n Island, Philippine Islands, ex Son- 

nerat) . 

Range: A visitor from northeastern Asia, reported on migration or 

in winter along the eastern coast from Trat to Nakhon Si Thammarat. 

Numenius arquata orientalis C. L. Brehm 

Numenius orientalis C. L. Brehm, Handbuch der Naturgeschichte 
aller Vogel Deutschlands . . ., 1831, p. 610 ("Ostindien"). 
Range: A visitor from northern Asia, reported on migration or in 
winter along the eastern coast from Chanthaburi to Nakhon Si Tham- 
marat, and along the western coast from Phuket to Trang. 



36 U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 2 26 

Genus LIMOSA Brisson 

Limosa liinosa inelanuroides Gould 

Limosa Melanuroides Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, pt. 14, 

November 1846, p. 84 (Port Essington, Northern Territory, 

Australia). 

Range: A visitor from northeastern Asia, reported on migration or 

in winter along the eastern coast from the mouth of the river Chao 

Phaya to Nakhon Si Thammarat. 

Liinosa lapponica lapponica (Linnaeus) 

[Scolopax] lapponica Linnaeus, Systema naturae, ed. 10, tom. 1, 
1758, p. 147 (Lappland). 
Range: A visitor from northwestern Asia, reported on migration or 
in winter from Surat Thani (J0rgensen, Dansk Ornithologisk Forenings 
Tidsslmft, ^rg. 43, 1949, p. 232). 

Limosa lapponica menzbieri Portenko 

Limosa lapponica menzbieri Portenko, Auk, vol. 53, No. 2, Apr. 9, 

1936, p. 195 ("Russian Mouth," delta of the river Indigirka, 

Yakut Autonomous SSR, Russian SFSR). 

Range: A visitor from northern Asia, reported on migration or in 

winter from Surat Thani (J0rgensen, Dansk Ornithologisk Forenings 

Tidsskrift, krg. 43, 1949, p. 233). 

Genus TRINGA Linnaeus 

Tringa erythropus (Pallas) 

Scolopax (erythropus) Pallas, in Vroeg, Beredeneerde catalogus 
Adumbratiunculae, 1764, p. 6 (no locality given = The Nether- 
lands). 
Range: A visitor from northern Asia, reported on migration or in 
winter from the central plains (Chainat) and the eastern coast (mouth 
of the river Chao Phaya, Samut Songkhram). 

Tringa totanus totanus (Linnaeus) 

[Scolopax] Totanus Linnaeus, Systema naturae, ed. 10, tom. 1, 
1758, p. 145 (Europe; t3rpe locality restricted to Sweden, apud 
Hartert). 
Range: A visitor from northern Asia, reported on migration or in 
winter along the eastern coast from Chanthaburi to Nakhon Si Tham- 
marat. 

Tringa totanus eurhina (Oberholser) 

Totanus totanus eurhinus Oberholser, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus., vol. 
22, No. 1195, Apr. 23, 1900, p. 207 (Tso Morari [Chamomeril 
Lake], Rupshu District, Jammu and Kashmir State, India). 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 37 

Range: A visitor from central Asia, reported on migration or in 
winter along the eastern coast from Chanthaburi to Nakhon Si 
Thammarat and also on the western coast (Ranong). 

Tringa stagnatilis (Bechstein) 

T[otanus]. stagnatilis Bechstein, Ornithologisches Taschenbuch 
von mid fiir Deutschland, theil 2, 1803, p. 292, pi. [29] (Ger- 
many) . 
Range: A visitor from central Asia, reported on migration or in 
winter along the eastern coast from Chon Buri to Nakhon Si Tham- 
marat. 

Tringa nebularia (Gunnerus) 

Scolopax nebularia Gunnerus, in Leem, Beskrivelse over Fin- 

markens Lapper, 1767, p. 251 (Trondheim [lat. 63°26' N., 

long. 10°25' E.], Sor-Trondelag County, Norway). 

Range: A visitor from northern Asia, reported on migration or in 

winter along rivers of the northern plateau and the central plains and 

along the eastern coast from Trat to Nakhon Si Thammarat. 

Tringa guttifer (von Nordmann) 

Totanus guttifer von Nordmann, in Erman, Reise um die Erde 

durch Nord-Asien . . . Naturhistorischer Atlas [Verzeichniss 

von Thieren und Pflanzen . . . ], 1835, p. 17 (mouth of the 

river Okhota [near Okhotsk], Khabarovsk Territory, Russian 

SFSR). 

Range: A visitor from northeastern Asia, reported on migration or in 

winter along the eastern coast from Samut Songkhram to Nakhon Si 

Thammarat. 

Tringa ocrophus Linnaeus 

[Tringa] Ocrophus Linnaeus, Systema naturae, ed. 10, tom. 1, 
1758, p. 149 (Europe; type locality restricted to Sweden, apud 
Hartert) . 
Range: A visitor from northern Asia, reported on migration or in 
winter, at bodies of fresh water, from the northern and eastern pla- 
teaus, the southeastern provinces, the central plains, and the western 
and peninsular provinces south to Prachuap Khiri Khan. 

Tringa glareola Linnaeus 

[Tringa] Glareola Linnaeus, Systema naturae, ed. 10, tom. 1, 1758, 
p. 149 (Europe; type locality restricted to Sweden, apud 
Hartert) . 
Range: A visitor from northern Asia, reported on migration or in 
winter, at bodies of fresh water, from the northern and eastern pla- 
teaus, the southeastern provinces, the central plains, and the western 
and peninsular provinces south to Trang and Phatthalung. 



38 U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 226 

Genus XENUS Kaup 

Xeniis cinereus (Guldenstadt) 

Scolopax cinerea Guldenstadt, Novi Comm. Acad. Sci. Imp. 

Petropolitanae, vol. 19, 1775, p. 473, pi. 19 ("ad mare Caspinm, 

circa ostimn fluvii Terek . . . ," near Kizlyar, Krasnodar 

Territory, Ciscaucasia, Eussian SFSR). 

Range: A visitor from northern Asia, reported on migration or in 

winter along the eastern coast from Chanthaburi to Pattani, and also 

from the western coast (Phangnga). 

Genus ACTITIS Illiger 

Actitis hypoleucos (Linnaeus) 

[Tringa] Hypoleucos Linnaeus, Systema naturae, ed. 10. tom. 1, 

1758, p. 149 (Europe; type locality restricted to Sweden, apud 

Hartert) . 

Range: A visitor from northern Asia, reported on migration or in 

winter, w^hether at bodies of fresh water or along the coasts, from the 

northern and eastern plateaus, the southeastern provinces, the central 

plains, and the western and peninsular provinces south to Trang. 

Genus HETEROSCELUS Baird 

Heteroscelus incanus brevipes (VieUlot) 

Totanus brevipes Vieillot, Nouveau dictionnaire d'histoire natur- 

elle, nouv. ed., tome 6, December 1816, p. 410 ("Pays inconnu"; 

type specimen from Timor, jflde Pucheran, Rev. Mag. Zool., 

ser. 2, tome 3, 1851, p. 370). 

Range: A visitor from northeastern Siberia, reported on migration 

or in winter from Ranong (one example, 17 May 1955). 

Genus ARENARIA Brisson 

Arenaria intcrpres interpres (Linnaeus) 

[Tringa] Interpres Linnaeus, Systema naturae, ed. 10, tom. 1, 

1758, p. 148 {"in Europa cfc America septentrionali" ] type 

locality restricted to the island of Gottland, Baltic Sea, by 

Hartert, Die Vogel der palaarktischen Fauna, band 2, hft. 

5-6, 1920, p. 1566). 

Range: A visitor from northern Asia, reported on migration or in 

winter along the eastern coast from Samut Prakan to Pattani, and 

also from the western coast (Satun). 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 39 

Genus PSEUDOSCOLOPAX Blyth 

Pseudoscolopax semipalniatus (Blyth) 

M[acrorhamphus]. semipalmatus "Jerdon" Blyth, Journ. Asiatic 

Soc. Bengal, vol. 17, pt. 1, for March 1848, p. 252 (Calcutta, 

Calcutta District, Bengal State, India). 

Range: A visitor from northern Asia, reported on migration or in 

winter along the eastern coast from Samut Prakan to Nakhon Si 

Thammarat, and also from the western coast (Satun). 

Genus CAPELLA Frenzel 

Capella nemoricola (Hodgson) 

Gall[inago]. nemoricola Hodgson, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, pt. 4, 
No. 37, Apr. 9, 1836, p. 8 (Nepal). 
Range: Reported only from the mountains of the western portion 
of the northern plateau (Chiang Mai). 

Capella stenura (Bonaparte) 

Scolopax stenura "Kuhl" Bonaparte, Ann. Stor. Nat. [Bologna], 

tom. 4, fasc. 14, 1831, p. 335 ("nelle isole della Sonda, segna- 

tamente in quella di Giava . . ,")• 

Range: A visitor from northern Asia, reported on migration or in 

winter from the northern and eastern plateaus, the southeastern 

provinces, the central plains, and the western and peninsular provinces 

to the extreme South. 

Capella megala (S^^'inhoe) 

Gallinago megala Smnhoe, Ibis, vol. 3, No. 12, October 1861, p. 

343 ("between Takoo and Peking, in the neighbourhood of the 

Peiho River," Hopeh Province, China). 

Range: A visitor from northeastern Asia, reported on migration or 

in v/inter only from Bangkok (J0rgensen, Dansk Ornithologisk 

Forenings Tidsskrift, arg. 43, 1949, p. 267). 

Capella gallinago gallinago (Linnaeus) 

[Scolopax] Gallinago Linnaeus, Systema naturae, ed. 10, tom. 1, 
1758, p. 147 (Europe; type locality restricted to Sweden, apud 
Hartert) . 
Range: A visitor from northern Asia, reported on migration or in 
winter from the northern plateau, the central plains, and the penin- 
sular provinces (Sm'at Thani, Phuket) . 



546-019—63- 



40 U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 226 

Genus SCOLOPAX Linnaeus 

Scolopax rusticola ruslicola Linnaeus 

[Scolopax] Rusticola Linnaeus, Sj'stema naturae, cd. 10, torn. 1, 

1758, p. 146 (Europe; tj'pe locality restricted to Sweden, apud 

Hartert). 

Range: A visitor from northern Asia, reported on migration or in 

winter from the northern plateau, the northwestern portion of the 

eastern plateau (Loei), the southeastern provinces (Chon Buri), and 

the western and peninsular provinces south to Prachuap Khiri Khan. 

Genus LYMNOCRYPTES Bole 

Lymnocryptes minimus (Briinnich) 

[Scolopax] Minima Briinnich, Ornithologia borealis, 1764, p. 49 
(KJristianso, in the Baltic Sea off Bornhohn). 
Range: A visitor from northern Asia, reported on migration or in 
winter from the central plains (Nakhon Pathom). 

Genus CALIDRIS Merrem 

Calidris canutus canutus (Linnaeus) 

[Tringa] Canutus Linnaeus, Systema naturae, ed. 10, torn. 1, 

1758, p. 149 (Europe; type locality restricted to Sweden, apud 

Hartert). 

Range: A visitor from northern Asia, reported on migration or in 

winter along the eastern coast (Samut Prakan, Samut Songkhram). 

Calidris tenuirostris (Horsfield) 

Tetanus tenuirostris Horsfield, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, vol. 13, 
pt. 1, May 1821, p. 192 (Java). 
Range: A visitor from northern Asia, reported on migration or in 
winter along the eastern coast (Samut Songldiram, Surat Thani) and 
also from the western coast (Trang). 

Calidris ruficoUis (Pallas) 

Trynga ruficoUis Pallas, Reise durch verschiedene Provinzen des 

russischen Reichs, vol. 3, 1776, pp. 220, 700 (Kulusutai, Chita 

Province, Russian SFSR) . 

Range: A visitor from northeastern Asia, reported on migration or 

in winter along the eastern coast from Chanthaburi to Nakhon Si 

Thammarat, and also from the western coast (Phuket). 

Calidris temminckii (Leisler) 

Tringa Temminckii Leisler, Nachtrage zu Bechsteins Naturge- 
schichte Deutschlands, heft 1, 1812, pp. 63 [iiomen nudum], 
[64] (Hanau-am-Main, Hesse State, Germany). 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 41 

Range: A visitor from northern Asia, reported on migration or in 
winter, at bodies of fresh water, from the northern plateau and the 
central plains south to Prachuap Khiri Khan. 

Calidris subminuta (Middendorff) 

Tringa subminuta Middendorff, Reise in den aussersten Norden 

und Osten Sibiriens, band 2, theil 2, 1853, p. 222, pi. 19, fig. 6 

C'das eine auf den Hohen des Westabhanges vom S'tanowoj- 

Gebirge [Bach Kokdn] . . . das zweite in der Nahe des Aus- 

flusses der Udd . . .," Khabarovsk Territory, Russian SFSR). 

Range: A visitor from northeastern Asia, reported on migration or 

in winter, usually at bodies of fresh water, from the northern plateau 

and the central plains, along the eastern coast from Chanthabm-i to 

Prachuap Khiri Khan, and also from the western coast (Phuket). 

Calidrus ferruginea (Pontoppidan) 

[Tringa] Ferrugineus [sic] Pontoppidan, Den danske Atlas eller 

Konge-riget Dannemark, vol. 1, 1763, p. 624 (no locality giv- 

en="Islandia & Christiansoe," ex Ornithologia Borealis, p. 54). 

Range: A visitor from northern Asia, reported on migration or in 

winter along the eastern coast from Samut Prakan to Pattani. 

Genus LIMICOLA Koch 

Limicola falcinellus falcinellus (Pontoppidan) 

[Scolopax] Falcinellus Pontoppidan, Den danske Atlas eUer Konge- 
riget Dannemark, vol. 1, 1763, p. 623, pi. 26 (no locality giv- 
en="Si8elandia," ex Ornithologia Borealis, p. 49). 
Range: A visitor from northern Asia, reported on migration or in 
winter from Samut Prakan. 

Limicola falcinellus sibirica Dresser 

Limicola sibirica Dresser, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, for 1876, pt. 3, 
October 1876, p. 674 (China). 
Range: A visitor from northeastern Asia, reported on migration or 
in winter from Samut Prakan. 

Genus PHILOMACHUS Merrem 

Philomachus pugnax (Linnaeus) 

[Tringa] Pugnax Linnaeus, Systema natm-ae, ed. 10, tom. 1, 1758, 

p. 148 {"in Europa minus boreali"; type locality restricted to 

Sweden, apud Hartert). 

Range: A visitor from northern Asia, reported on migration or in 

winter from the southern central plains (Bangkok, Samut Songkhram) . 



42 U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 2 26 

Family RECURVIROSTRIDAE 
Genus HIMANTOPUS Brisson 

Himantopus hiniantopus himantopus (Linnaeus) 

[CharadntLs\ Himantopus Linnaeus, Systema naturae, ed. 10, 
torn. 1, 1758, p. 151 {"in Europa australiore") . 
Range: Reported from marshes of the northern plateau (Phayao), 
the central plains, and along the eastern coast from Chanthaburi to 
Nakhon Si Thammarat. 

Family BURHINIDAE 
Genus BURHINUS lUiger 

Burhinus oedicnemus indicus (Salvadori) 

Oedicnemus indicus Salvadori, Atti Soc. Italiana Sci. Nat. 
[Milano], vol. 8, [not earlier than September] 1865, p. 380 
("Indie Orientali e probabihnente daU' Imalaja")- 
Range: Reported only from the central plains (Kamphaeng Phet, 
Ayutthaya, Bangkok, Rat Buri). 

Genus E SAC US Lesson 

Esacus magnirostris recurvirostris (Cuvier) 

(Ed[icnemus\. recurvirostris Cuvier, Regne animal, nouv. ed., vol. 
1, 1829, p. 500, footnote 2 (no locality given = Nepal, a'pud 
Stuart Baker). 
Range: Reported from shores and islands of the major rivers of the 
northern plateau and the central plains. 

Esacus magnirostris magnirostris (Vieillot) 

CEdicnemus magnirostris "GeofFroy-S.-Hilaire" Vieillot, Nouveau 

dictionnaire d'histoire natm-elle, nouv. ed., tome 23, September 

1818, p. 231, pi. G 39, fig. 1 (no locality given =Nouvelle- 

Hollande," ex pi. G 39, fig 1, tome 28, 1819). 

Range: Reported from islands off the western coast (Ranong, 

Satun). 

Family GLAREOLIDAE 
Genus GLAREOLA Brisson 

Glarcola maldivarum Forster 

[Glareola (Pratincola)] Maldivarum J. R. Forster, Faunula indica, 
ed. 2, 1795, p. 11 ("at open sea, in the latitude of the Maldivia 
Isles," ex Latham, General synopsis of birds, vol. 3, pt. 1, 1785, 
p. 224, Pratincole, var. B). 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 43 

Range: "Reported from the northern plateau (Phayao, Chiang Mai), 
the central plains as far south as Prachuap Khiri KLan, and once 
from the southern peninsular provinces (Songkhla). 

Glareola lactea Temminck 

Glareola lactea Temminck, Manuel d'ornithologie, ed. 2, partie 2, 
1820, p. 503 (Bengal). 
Range: Reported from sandy shores and islands of the major 
streams of the northern plateau and the central plains. 

Family STERCORARIIDAE 
Genus STERCORARIUS Brisson 

Stercorarius pomarinus (Temminck) 

Lestris pomarinus Temminck, Manuel d'ornithologie, 1814, p. 514 
("les regions du cercle arctique; de passage accidentel sur les 
c6tes maritimes de Hollande et de France")- 
Range: A visitor from northern Asia, occurring rarely, but appar- 
ently regularly, on migration or in winter, in the Inner Gulf between 
the mouth of the Chao Phaya and Ko Si Chang. 

Family LARIDAE 
Genus LARUS Linnaeus 

Larus brunnicephaliis Jerdon 

L[arus]. brunnicephalus Jerdon, Madras journal of literature and 

science, vol. 12, No, 29, [not earlier than December] 1840, 

p. 225 (western coast of the Indian peninsula). 

Range: A visitor from central Asia, reported on migration or in 

winter along the eastern coast from Chon Buri to Prachuap Khiri 

Khan and ascending the Chao Phaya as far as Bangkok and the Mae 

Eiong to Ubon. 

Genus CHLIDONIAS Rafinesque 

Chlidonias hybridus javanicus (Horsfield) 

Sterna Javanica Horsfield, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, vol. 13, 
pt. 1, May 1821, p. 198 (Java). 
Range: Reported from the central plains, the eastern coast from 
Chon Buri to Prachuap Khiri Khan, and the river Mae Khong as far 
north as Chiang Rai. 

Chlidonias leucopterus (Temminck) 

Sterna leucoptera Temminck, Manuel d'ornithologie, 1815, p. 483 
("les bords de la Mediterranee, les lacs, les rivieres et les marais 
des pays au-de-la des Alpes"). 



44 U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 226 

Range: A visitor from central Asia, reported on migration or in 
winter only from Bangkok. 

Genus GELOCHELIDON C. L. Brehm 

Gelochelidon nUotica nilotica (Gmelin) 

[Sterna] nilotica Gmelin, Caroli a Linne . . . Systema naturae, 
ed. 13, torn. 1, pars 2, 1789, p. 606 (Egypt). 
Range: A visitor from western Asia, reported on migration or in 
winter along the eastern coast from Chon Buri to Naldion Si 
Tliammarat. 

Genus HYDROPROGNE Kaup 

Hydroprogne caspia (Pallas) 

Sterna caspia Pallas, Novi Comm. Acad. Sci. Imp. Petropolitanae, 
vol. 14, pt. 1, 1770, p. 582, pi. 22, fig. 2 (Caspian Sea). 
Range: A visitor from western Asia, reported on migration or in 
winter from Samut Sakhon. 

Genus STERNA Linnaeus 

Sterna aurantia J. E. Gray 

Sterna aurantia J. E. Gray, Illustrations of Indian zoology, vol. 

1, pt. 5, Jan. 25, 1831, pi. 69, fig. 2 (India). 

Range: Reported only from the rivers Mae Khong (north as far as 
Chiang Rai) and Mae Ping (mainly below the Gorges). 

Sterna hirundo tibetana Saunders 

Sterna tibetana Saunders, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, for 1876, pt. 

3, October 1876, p. 649 (Tibet). 

Range: A visitor from central Asia, reported on migration or in 

winter along the eastern coast from Samut Prakan to Nakhon Si 

Thammarat, along the western coast from Phuket to Satun, and up 

the river Chao Phaya as far as Pathum Thani. 

Sterna dougallii bangsi Mathews 

Sterna dougallii bangsi Mathews, Birds of Australia, vol. 2, pt. 4, 
Nov. 1, 1912, p. 364 (Fuchow, Fukien Province, China). 
Range: Reported from islets of the Inner Gulf off Chon Buri and 
others in the neighborhood of Ko Phangan and Ko Samui. 

Sterna sumatrana sumatrana RafBes 

Sterna Sumatrana Raffles, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, vol. 13, pt. 

2, [not earlier than] November 1822, p. 329 (Sumatra). 
Range: Reported from islets off the eastern coast from Chon Buri 

to Nakhon Si Tliammarat, and also from the western coast (Phuket) . 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 45 

Sterna acuticauda J. E. Gray 

Sterna acuticauda J. E. Gray, Illustrations of Indian zoology, vol. 
1, pt. 6, Apr. 1, 1831, pi. 70, fig. 3 (Kanpur, Kanpur District, 
Uttar Pradesh State, India). 
Range: Reported only from the rivers Mae Khong (north as far as 
Chiang Rai) and Mae Ping (mainly below the Gorges) . 

Sterna anaethetus anaethetus Scopoli 

Sterna {Anaethetus) Scopoli, Deliciae florae et faunae insubricae, 
pt. 2, 1786, p. 92 (Panay Island, Philippine Islands, ex 
Sonnerat) , 
Range: Reported from numerous islets of the Inner Gulf off Chon 
Buri. 

Sterna fuscata nubilosa Sparrman 

Sterna nubilosa Sparrman, Museum carlsonianum, fasc. 3, 1788, 
No. 63, pi. 63 C'Finlandia," error; type locality corrected to 
"India orientalis," ex Sundevall, by Stresemann, Orn. Monatsb., 
jahrg. 31, 1923, p. 41). 
Range: Reported from the Inner Gulf off the coast of Phet Buri. 

Sterna albifrons sinensis Gmelin 

[Sterna] sinensis Gmelin, Caroli a Linne . . . Systema naturae, 
ed. 13, tom. 1, pars 2, 1789, p. 608 (China). 
Range: Reported along the eastern coast from Chanthaburi to 
Pattani and on the western coast from Phuket. 

Sterna albifrons saundersi Hume 

Sterna Saundersi Hume, in Butler, Stray Feathers, vol. 5, Nos. 
3-4, August 1877, pp. 324, 325, 326 (Karachi, West Pakistan). 
Range: A visitor from the West, reported on migration or in winter 
from the southern peninsular provinces (Trang) . 

Sterna bergii cristata Stephens 

Sterna cristata Stephens, in Shaw, General zoology, vol. 13, pt. 1, 
February 1826, p. 146 ("China; and many of the south-eastern 
islands of Asia"; type locality restricted to China, by Strese- 
mann, Nov. Zool., vol. 21, 1914, p. 57). 
Range: Reported along the eastern coast from Chon Buri to Nakhon 
Si Thammarat. 

Sterna bergii velox Cretzschmar 

Sterna Velox Cretzschmar, in Riippell, Atlas zu der Reise im 
nordlichen Afrika, abth. 1, Zoologie, hft. 5, 1827, p. 21, pi. 13 
("die Kiisten des rothen Meeres"). 
Range: Reported along the western coast (Satun). 



46 U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 226 

Sterna zimmermanni Reichenow 

Sterna zimmermanni Reichenow, Orn. Monatsb., jalu-g. 11, No. 

6, June 1903, p. 82 (Kiaohsien, Shantung Province, China). 

Range: A visitor from the coast of China, reported on migration or 

in winter from the peninsular provinces (Nakhon Si Thammarat). 

Genus ANOUS Stephens 

Anous stolidus pileatus (Scopoh) 

Sterna (pileata) Scopoli, DeUciae florae et faunae insubricae, pt. 
2, 1786, p. 92 (no locality given = Philippine Islands, ex 
Sonnerat) . 
Range: Reported from islets of the Inner Gulf of Siam off Chon 
Buri. 

Order COLUMBIFORMES 

Family COLUMBIDAE 

Genus TRERON Vieillot 

Treron apicauda apicauda Blyth 

Tr[eron]. apicauda "Hodgson" Blyth, Journ. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, 

vol. 14, pt. 2, fnot earlier than May 22,] 1846, p. 854 ("the 

south-eastern Himalaya and the hill ranges of Assam; being 

tolerably common at Darjeeling"). 

Range: Evergreen forests of the northern plateau, on the West 

south to Tak, and the northwestern portion of the eastern plateau 

(Loei). 

Treron seimundi seimundi (Robinson) 

Sphenocercus seimundi Robinson, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, vol. 25, 
No. 160, May 12, 1910, p. 98 (Semangko Pass, Selangor- 
Pahang border, Malaya), 
Range: Reported once from the northern plateau (Nan) and once 
from the central plains (Bangkok). 

Treron sphenura sphenura (Vigors) 

Vinago sj)henura Vigors, Proc. Comm. Sci. Corr. Zool. Soc. Lon- 
don, pt. 1, No. 14, Mar. 2, 1832, p. 173 (Hunalayas; type 
locality restricted to "the Simla-Ahnora area," Himachal 
Pradesh State, India, by Ticehurst and Whistler, Ibis, 1924, 
p. 472). 
Range: Reported from evergreen forests of the northern plateau, 
on the West south to Tak. 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 47 

Treron sieboldii imirielae (Delacour) 

Sphenurus sieboldi murielx Delacour, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, vol. 

47, No. 316, July 14, 1927, p. 152 (Hanoi [lat. 21°02' N., long. 

105°50' E.], Hanoi Province, and Tarn Dao [lat. 21°27' N., 

long. 105°40' E.], Vinhyen Province, Tongking. 

Range: Reported only from the northwestern portion of the eastern 

plateau (Loei). 

Treron curvirostra nipalensis (Hodgson) 

Toria Nipalensis Hodgson, Asiatick Researches, vol. 19, pt. 1 , 1836, 
p. 164, pi. 9 (Nepal). 
Range: Forested areas of the northern and eastern plateaus, the 
southeastern provinces, the central plains, and the western and 
peninsular provinces south to the Isthmus of Ki'a. 

Treron curvirostra chaseni Stresemann 

Tr[eron]. curvirostra chaseni Stresemann, Auk, vol. 67, No. 1, Jan. 30, 
1950, p. 82 (Rawang, Selangor State, Mala^^a). 

Range: Forested areas of the peninsular provinces from the Isthmus 
of Kra to the extreme South. 

Treron pompadora phayrei (Blyth) 

Osmotreron Phayrei Blyth, Journ. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, vol. 31, 

No. 3, 1862, p. 344 (''Asdm, Sylhet, Arakan, Pegu, Martaban, 

. . . Lower Bengal"; type locality here restricted to Toungoo 

District, Pegu Division, Lower Burma, ex Blyth, ibid., p. 331). 

Range: Forested areas of the northern and eastern plateaus, the 

southeastern provinces, and of the western provinces south to 

Kanchanaburi. 

Treron fulvicoUis fulvicoUis (Wagler) 

C[olumba]. fulvicoUis Wagler, Systema avium, pars 1, 1827, 

Columba, sp. 8, p. [229] (Java, error; type locality corrected to 

Sumatra, by Robinson and Boden Kloss, Journ. Nat. Hist. 

Soc. Siam, vol. 5, No. 1, 1921, p. 30). 

Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kra to the 

extreme South. 

Treron olax (Temminck) 

Columba olax Temminck, in Temminck and Laugier, Nouveau 
recueil de planches coloriees d'oiseaux, [livr. 41,] vol. 4, De- 
cember 1823, pi. 241 and text (Sumatra). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kra to the 
extreme South. 



48 U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 2 26 

Treron vernans griseicapilla Schlegel 

[Treron] griseicapilla Schlegel, Nederlandsch Tijdschrift voor de 
Dierkunde, deel 1, afd. 2, 1863, p. 71 ("Sumatra et . . . 
Bangka"; type locality restricted to Sumatra, by Oberholser, 
U.S. Nat. Mus. Bull. 159, 1932, p. 32, and further restricted to 
"Cote S.O. de Sumatra," by Junge, Temminckia, vol. 1, 1936, 
p. 6). 
Dendrophassa vernans abbotti Oberholser, Journ. Washington 
Acad. Sci., vol. 14, No. 13, July 19, 1924, p. 298 (Ban Tha Chin 
[lat. 7°34' N., long. 99°34' E.], Trang Province, Thailand). 
Range: The northern plateau (Lamphun), the southeastern prov- 
inces, and the western and peninsular provinces from Tak to the 
extreme South. 

Treron bicincta bicincta (Jerdon) 

V[inago]. bicincta Jerdon, Madras Journal of Literature and 
Science, vol. 12, No. 28, [not earlier than Sept. 22], 1840, p. 13 
("near sea coast, south of Tellicherry," Malabar District, 
Madras State, India). 
Treron bisincta [sic] praetermissa Robinson and Boden Kloss, 
Journ. Federated Malay States Mus., vol. 10, pt. 3, June 1921, 
p. 203 (Prachuap lOiiri Khan [lat. 11°50' N., long. 99°50' E.], 
Prachuap Khiri Khan Province, Thailand). 
Range: The eastern plateau (Nong Khai, Nakhon Ratchasima), 
the southeastern provinces, and the southwestern and peninsular 
provinces from Tak to Trang. 

Treron capellei magnirostris Strickland 

Treron magnirostris Strickland, in Blyth, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., 
vol. 14, No. 89, August 1844, p. 116, footnote ([Malacca]). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kra to the 
extreme South. 

Treron phoenicoptera psuedo-crocopus (Gyldenstolpe) 

Sphenocercus pseudo-crocopus Gyldenstolpe, Orn. Monatsb., 

jahrg. 24, No. 2, February 1916, p. 29 (Sathani Pang Hua Phong 

[lat. 18°25' N., long. 99°15' E.], Lampang Province, Thailand). 

Range: Reported from all the provinces of the northern plateau, 

on the West south to Tak and Kamphaeng Phet. 

Treron phoenicoptera viridifrons Blyth 

Tr[eron]. viridifrons Blyth, Journ. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, vol. 14, 
pt. 2, [not earlier than May 22], 1846, p. 849 ("the Tenasserim 
provinces"; type specimen probably erroneously said to have 
come from Mergui, by Sclater, Ibis, 1892, p. 86; type locality 
here restricted to Moulmein, Amherst District, Tenasserim 
Division, Burma). 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 49 

Range: Reported only from the southwestern provinces (Kan- 
chanaburi). 

Treron phoenicoptera annamensis (Ogilvie-Grant) 

Crocopus annamensis Ogilvie-Grant, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, vol. 
23, No. 150, March 31, 1909, p. 67 (Nha Trang [lat. 12°15' N., 
long 109°11' E.], Nha Trang Province, Annam). 
Range: Reported from the eastern plateau (Loei, Khon Kaen, 
Nakhon Phanom). 

Genus PTILINOPUS Swainson 

Ptilinopus jambu (Gmelin) 

[Columba] Jambu Gmelin, Caroli a Linne . , . Systema naturae, 

ed. 13, torn. 1, pars 2, 1789, p. 784 (Java, error; type locality 

corrected to Sumatra, ex Marsden, by Hartert, Nov. Zool., 

vol. 9, 1902, p. 539). 

Range: Reported only from the southernmost peninsular provinces 

(Narathiwat). 

Genus DUCULA Hodgson 

Ducula aenea sylvatica (Tickell) 

Columba Sylvatica Tickell, Journ. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, vol. 2, 

No. 23, November 1833, p. 581 ("jungles of Borabhiim and 

Dholbhum"=Manbhum and Singhbhum Districts, Bihar 

State, India). 

Range: The northern and eastern plateaus, the southeastern 

provinces, and the western and peninsular provinces to the extreme 

South. 

Ducula bicolor (Scopoli) 

Columba (bicolor) Scopoli, Deliciae florae et faunae insubricae, pars 
2, 1786, p. 94 ("Nova Guiana"=New Guinea, ex Sonnerat). 
Range: Reported from islets off the eastern coast and once from the 
coast itself (Chumphon). 

Ducula badia griseicapilla Walden 

Ducula griseicapilla Walden, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 4, vol. 16, 
No. 93, September 1875, p. 228 (Kaien Hills, Burma). 
Range: The northern plateau, the northwestern portion of the 
eastern plateau (Loei, Phetchabun), and the western provinces south 
to Phet Buri. 

Ducula badia obscurata Conover 

Ducula badia obscurata Conover, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 
vol. 43, No. 1, Mar. 12, 1930, p. 1 (Ban Bang Phra [lat. 
12°15' N., long. 102°30' E.], Trat Province, Thailand). 
Range: Forests of the southeastern provinces (Chanthaburi, Trat). 



50 U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 2 26 

Genus COLUMBA Linnaeus 

Columba livia intermedia Strickland 

Columha intermedia Strickland, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., vol. 13, 
No. 81, January 1844, p. 39 ([India]). 
Range: Long ago introduced from India and now ferine near human 
habitation in all parts of the country. 

Columba pulchricollis Blyth 

C[olumha\. pulchricollis "Hodgson" Blyth, Journ. Asiatic Soc. 
Bengal, vol. 14, pt. 2, No. 168, 1846, p. 866 ("the wooded region 
of the eastern Hmialaya" = Nepal, ex Hodgson). 
Range: High mountains of the western portion of the northern 
plateau (Chiang Mai). 

Columba punicea Blyth 

C[olumha]. (Alsocomus) puniceus "Tickell" Blyth, Journ. Asiatic 

Soc. Bengal, vol. 11, pt. 1, No. 125, May 1842, p. 461 (Chaibasa, 

Singbhum District, Bihar State, India.) 

Range: The southwestern portion of the eastern plateau (Sara 

Burl), the southeastern provinces (Chon Buri), and the southwestern 

and peninsular provinces from Phet Buri to Satun (south of the 

Isthmus of Ki'a reported mainly from islands off the western coast). 

Genus MACROPYGIA Swainson 

Macropygia unchall tusalia (Blyth) 

"Columba (Macropygia, Swainson,) [tusalia, Hodgson.]" Blyth, 

Journ. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, vol. 12, pt. 2, No. 143, November 

1843, p. 936 (Darjeehng, Darjeeling District, Bengal State, 

India). 

Range: Evergreen forests of the northwestern provinces south to 

Tak and the northwestern portion of the eastern plateau (Loei). 

Macropygia ruficeps assimilis Hume 

Macropygia assimilis Hume, Stray Feathers, vol. 2, No, 4, June 
1874, p. 441 ("in the Tenasserim hills north-east [sic] of 
Moulmein"; specimens from Kawludo, Salween District, 
and Mulayit, Amherst District, Tenasserim Division, Burma, 
Jide Hume and Davison, Stray Feathers, vol. 6, 1878, p. 420). 
Range: Evergreen forests of the northwestern provinces south to 
Tak and the northwestern portion of the eastern plateau (Loei). 

Genus STREPTOPELIA Bonaparte 

Streptopelia oricntalis Ihasae (Walton) 

Turtur Ihasse Walton, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, vol. 15, No. 117, 
July 10, 1905, p. 92 (Lhasa, Tibet). 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 51 

Range: Reported from the northern portion of the northern plateau 
(Chiang Rai), where perhaps present only on migration or in winter. 

Streptopelia orientalis agricola (Tickell) 

C[olumba]. Agricola Tickell, Journ. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, vol. 2, 
No. 23, November 1833, p. 581 ("jungles of Borabhiim and 
Dholbhum"=Manbhum and Singhbhum Districts, Bihar State, 
India). 
Range: The northern plateau (excepting Chiang Rai) and the east- 
ern plateau (Loei, Sakon Nakhon, Ubon). 

Streptopelia tranquebarica humilis (Temminck) 

Columha humilis Temminck, in Temminck and Laugier, Nouveau 
recueil de planches coloriees d'oiseaux, [livr. 44,] vol. 4, March 
1824, pi. 259 and text ("au Bengale et dans Pile de Lugon. . . . 
a Manille . . ."; type locality [inferentially] restricted to Luz6n 
Island, Philippine Islands, by Walden, Trans. Zool. Soc. London, 
vol. 9, pt. 2, 1875, p. 219). 
Range: The northern and eastern plateaus, the central plains, and 
the western and peninsular provinces south to Prachuap Khiri Khan. 

Streptopelia chinensis vacillans Hartert 

Streptopelia chinensis vacillans Hartert, Nov. Zool., vol. 23, No. 1, 
Apr. 14, 1916, p. 83 (Mengtsz [lat. 23°23' N., long. 103°27' E.j, 
Yunnan Province, China). 
Range: Reported from the northern portion of the northern plateau 
(Chiang Rai, Phayao). 

Streptopelia chinensis tigrina (Temminck) 

Columha Tigrina Temminck, in Knip, Les pigeons, tome 1, 1810, 
les colombes, p. 94, pi. 43 ("Timor. . . . Batavia"; type local- 
ity restricted to Java, by Hartert, Nov. Zool., vol. 9, 1902, p. 423). 
Range: The northern plateau (excepting Chiang Rai and Phayao), 
the eastern plateau, the southeastern provinces, the central plains, 
and the western and peninsular provinces to the extreme South. 

Genus GEOPELIA Swainson 

Geopelia striata striata (Linnaeus) 

[Columha] striata Linnaeus, Systema naturae, ed. 12, tom. 1, 1766, 

p. 282 {"in India orientali"; type locality restricted to Java, 

by Stuart Baker, The fauna of British India, Birds, ed. 2, vol. 5, 

1928, p. 258). 

Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kra to the 

extreme South, but introduced onto the northern plateau (Chiang Mai) 

and the central plains (Bangkok). 



52 U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 226 

Genus CHALCOPHAPS Gould 

Chalcophaps indica indica (Linnaeus) 

[Columha] indica Linnaeus, Systema naturae, ed. 10, torn. 1, 1758, 

p. 164 ("iw India o?'ientali" ; type locality restricted to Calcutta, 

Calcutta District, Bengal State, India, apud Stuart Baker). 

Range: Evergreen forests of the northern and eastern plateaus, the 

southeastern provinces, and of the western and peninsular provinces 

to the extreme South. 

Genus CALOENAS G. R. Gray 

Caloenas nicobarica nicobarica (Linnaeus) 

[Columba] nicobarica Linnaeus, Systema naturae, ed. 10, torn. 1, 
1758, p. 164 ("in insula Nicombar prope Pegu indicum"). 
Range: Reported from islets off both coasts of the peninsular prov- 
inces south of the Isthmus of Kra. 

Order PSITTACIFORMES 

Family PSITTACIDAE 

Genus PSITTACULA Cuvier 

Psittacula eupatria siamensis (Boden Kloss) 

Palxornis eupatria siamensis Boden Kloss, Journ. Nat. Hist. Soc. 

Siam, vol. 2, No. 3, May 1917, p. 219 (Sathani Lat Bua Khao 

[lat. 14°50' N., long. 101°35' E.], Nakhon Ratchasima Province, 

Thailand). 

Range: The western portion of the northern plateau (Chiang Mai, 

Lamphun), the eastern plateau, the northern portion of the central 

plains, and the western provinces south to Kanchanaburi, 

Psittacula alexandri fasciata (P. L. S. Miiller) 

Psittacus fasciatus P. L. S. MiiUer, Natursystems Supplements- 
und Register-Band, 1776, p. 74 (Pondicherry, ex BuiTon, error; 
type locality corrected to Arakan Division, Burma, by Tice- 
hurst, Journ. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc, vol. 36, 1933, p. 934). 
Range: The northern and eastern plateaus, the southeastern prov- 
inces, the central plains, and the western and peninsular provinces 
south to Phangnga. 

Psittacula roseata juneae Biswas 

Psittacula roseata juneae Biswas, Amer. Mus. Nov., No. 1500, 
Apr. 5, 1951, p. 5 (Arakan Division, Burma). 
Range: The northern and eastern plateaus and the western and 
peninsular provinces south to Prachuap Khiri Khan. 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 53 

Psittacula finschii (Hume) 

Palaeornis Finschii Hume, Stray Feathers, vol. 2, No. 6, October 
1874, p. 509 ("chiefly in the neighbourhood of Kollidoo," Sal- 
ween District, Tenasserim Division, Burma), 
Range: The northern plateau (excepting Chiang Rai and Phayao) 
and the eastern plateau. 

Genus PSITTINUS Blyth 

Psittinus cyanurus cyanurus (Forster) 

[Psittacus] cyanurus Forster, Faunula indica, ed. 2, 1795, p. 6 
(Malacca, ex Latham). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kra to the 
extreme South. 

Genus LORICULUS Blyth 

Loriculus vernalis vernalis (Sparrman) 

Psittacus vernalis Sparrman, Museum carlsonianum, fasc. 2, 1787, 
No. 29 and pi. (no locality; Cachar District, Assam State, 
India, designated as type locality by Stuart Baker, Jo urn. 
Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc, vol. 28, No. 2, 1922, p. 333). 
Range: The northern and eastern plateaus, the southeastern prov- 
inces, and the western provinces south to Kanchanaburi. 

Loriculus vernalis phileticus Deignan 

Loriculus vernalis phileticus Deignan, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 
vol. 69, No. 36, Dec. 31, 1956, p. 207 (Ban Phra Muang [lat. 
7°20' N., long. 99°30' E.], Trang Provmce, Thailand). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Ki-a south to 
Trang. 

Loriculus galgulus (Linnaeus) 

[Psittacus] Galgulus Linnaeus, Systema naturae, ed. 10, tom. 1, 

1758, p. 103 ("India," error; type locality corrected to "Malay 

Peninsula, Malacca," by Hartert, Nov. Zool., vol. 9, 1902, p. 

542). 

Range: Reported only from the southernmost peninsular provinces 

(Pattani, Yala). 

Order CUCULIFORMES 

Family CUCULIDAE 

Genus CLAMATOR Kaup 

Clamator coromandus (Linnaeus) 

[Cuculus] coromandus Linnaeus, Systema naturae, ed. 12, tom. 1, 
1766, p. 171 (Coromandel Coast of India). 
Range: The northern and eastern plateaus, the central plains, and 
the western and peninsular provinces south to Satun. 



54 U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 2 26 

Genus CUCULUS Linnaeus 

Cuculus sparverioides sparverioides Vigors 

Cuculus sparverioides Vigors, Proc. Comm. Sci. Corr. Zool. Soc, 
London, pt. 1, No. 14, Mar. 2, 1832, p. 173 (Himalayas; type 
locality restricted to "the Simla-Almora area," Himachal Pra- 
desh State, India, by Ticehurst and Whistler, Ibis, 1924, p. 472). 
Range: The northern and eastern plateaus, the southeastern prov- 
inces, the central plains, and the western and peninsular provinces 
south to Trang. 

Cuculus varius Vahl 

Cuculus Varius Vahl, Skrivter af Naturhistorie-Selskabet [Kjo- 
benhavn], aarg. 4, hefte 1, 1797, p. 61 (Tranquebar, Tanjore 
District, Madras State, India). 
Range: Once reported from the northern peninsular provinces (Pra- 
chuap Khiri Khan). 

Cuculus fugax nisicolor Blyth 

C[uculus]. nisicolor Blyth, Journ. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, vol. 12, 
pt. 2, No. 143, November 1843, p. 943 (Nepal). 
Range: The northern and eastern plateaus and, on migration or in 
winter, the peninsular provinces from Prachuap Khiri Khan south 
to Satun. 

Cuculus fugax fugax Horsfield 

Cuculus fugax Horsfield, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, vol. 13, pt. 1, 
May 1821, p. 178 (Java). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kra south to 
Trang. 

Cuculus vagans S. Miiller 

Cuc[ulus]. vagans S. Muller, Verhandelingen over de natuur- 

lijke Geschiedenis der Nederlandsche Overzeesche Bezit- 

tingen , . . Land- en Volkenkunde, pt. 8, Sept. 20, 1845, p. 233, 

footnote (Java). 

Range: Reported from the southeastern provinces (Chon Buri) and 

the peninsular provinces from Chumphon south to Phuket. 

Cuculus micropterus micropterus Gould 

Cuculus micropterus Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, pt. 5, No. 
60, Dec. 5, 1838, p. 137 (Himalayas). 
Range: The northern and eastern plateaus, the central plains, and, 
on migration or in winter, the peninsular provinces from the Isthmus 
of Kra to the extreme South. 

Cuculus micropterus concretus S. Miiller 

Cuculus concretus S. Muller, Verhandelingen over de natuurlijke 
Geschiedenis der Nederlandsche Overzeesche Bezittingen . . . 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 55 

Land- en Volkenkunde, pt. 8, Sept. 20, 1845, p. 236, footnote 
(Java). 
Range: Reported from the southern penmsular provinces (Trang). 

Cuculus canorus bakeri Hartert 

Cuculus canorus bakeri Hartert, Die Vogel der palaarktischen 
Fauna, band 2, hft. 1, February 1912, p. 948 (Shillong, Khasi 
and Jaintia Hills District, Assam State, India). 
Range: A visitor from the North, reported on migration or in winter 
from the western portion of the northern plateau (Chiang Mai). 

Cuculus saturatus saturatus Blyth 

C[uculus]. saturatus Blyth, Journ. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, vol. 12, 
pt. 2, No. 143, November 1843, p. 942 (no locality; type speci- 
mens from Nepal, Jide Shelley, Catalogue of the birds in the 
British Museum, vol. 19, 1891, p. 254). 
Range: A visitor from the North, reported on migration or in 
winter from the northern plateau (Chiang Mai) and the central plains 
south to Prachuap Khiri Khan. 

Cuculus poliocephalus poliocephalus Latham 

[Cuculus] poliocephalus Latham, Index ornithologicus, vol. 1, 
1790, p. 214 (India). 
Range: A visitor from the North, reported on migration or in 
winter from the central plains (Bangkok). 

Genus CACOMANTIS S. MuUer 

Cacomantis sonneratii sonneratii (Latham) 

[Cuculus] Sonneratii Latham, Index ornithologicus, vol. 1, 1790, 
p. 215 (India). 
Range: The northern and eastern plateaus, the southeastern 
provinces, the central plains, and the southwestern provinces south 
to Prachuap Khiri IQian. 

Cacomantis sonneratii malayanus (Chasen and Boden Kloss) 

Penthoceryx sonnerati malayanus Chasen and Boden Kloss, BuU. 
Raffles Mus., No. 5, August 1931, p. 84 (Kuala Lumpur, 
Selangor State, Malaya). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kra to the 
extreme South. 

Cacomantis merulinus querulus Heine 

Cacomantis guerulus Heine, Journ. fiir Orn., jahrg. 11, hft. 5, 
No. 65, [not earlier than November] 1863, p. 352. New name 
for Polyphasia tenuirostris "Gray" Jerdon, The birds of India, 
vol. 1, 1862, p. 335 ("Lower Bengal, and in all the countries 
to the East, as Assam, Sylhet, Burmah, and even so far as 

546-019—63 5 



56 U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 226 

China"), not Cuculus tenuirostris Gray, 18M= Cuculus pas- 

serinus Vahl, 1797. 
Range: Keported from every part of the country, but perhaps 
found only on migration or in winter in the more southern peninsular 
provinces. 

Cacomantis merulinus threnodes Cabanis and Heine 

C[acomantis\. threnodes Cabanis and Heine, Museum Heineanum, 
theil 4, heft 1, 1862, p. 19 (Malacca). 
Range: Reported only from the southernmost peninsular provinces 
(Pattani) . 

Cacomantis variolosus sepulcralis (S. Miiller) 

C[uculus\. sepulcralis S. Miiller, Verhandelingen over de natuur- 

lijke Geschiedenis der Nederlandsche Overzeesche Bezit- 

tingen . . . Land- en Volkenkunde, pt. 6, June 12, 1843, p. 

177, footnote (Java and Sumatra). 

Range: The peninsular provinces from Prachuap Khiri Khan to the 

extreme South. 

Genus CHRYSOCOCCYX Bole 

Chrysococcyx maculatus (Gmelin) 

[Trogon] maculatus Gmelin, Caroli a Linne . . . Systema naturae, 

ed. 13, tom. 1, pars 1, 1788, p. 404 (Ceylon). 
Chrysococcyx schomburgki Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, for 
1864, pt. 1, May 1864, p. 73 (Thailand; type locality here 
restricted to Bangkok [lat. 13°45' N., long. 100°30' E.]). 
Range: Reported in summer only from the northern plateau, but 
on migration or in winter also from the eastern plateau, the south- 
eastern provinces, the central plains, and the southwestern and 
peninsular provinces south to Trang and Phatthalung. 

Chrysococcyx xanthorhynchus limborgi Tweeddale 

Chrysococcyx limborgi Tweeddale, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, for 
1877, pt. 2, August 1877, p. 366 ("Base of Miile-it range," 
Amherst District, Tenasserim Division, Burma). 
Range: The northern and eastern plateaus, the southeastern prov- 
inces, the central plains, and the western and peninsular provinces to 
the extreme South. 

Chrysococcyx malayanus malayanus (Raffles) 

Cuculus Malayanus Raffles, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, vol. 13, 
pt. 2, [not earher than November] 1822, p. 286 (Malay Penin- 
sula) . 
Range: Reported only from the southernmost peninsular provinces 
(Pattani, Yala, Narathiwat). 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 57 

Genus SURNICULUS Lesson 

Surniculus lugubris dicruroides (Hodgson) 

Pseudornis Dicruroides Hodgson, Journ. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, vol. 
8, pt. 1, No. 86, 1839, p. 136, pi. (Nepal). 
Range: Reported in summer only from the northern plateau, but 
on migration or in winter also from the eastern plateau, the south- 
eastern provinces, the central plains, and the southwestern and 
peninsular provinces to the extreme South. 

Surnicvilus lugubris barussarum Oberholser 

Surniculus lugubris barussarum Oberholser, Smithsonian Misc. 
Coll., vol. 60, No. 7, Oct. 26, 1912, p. 5 (Tana Bala Island, 
Batu Group, Barussan Islands, Indian Ocean off Sumatra). 
Range: The southeastern provinces and the peninsular provinces 
from Prachuap Khiri Khan to the extreme South. 

Genus EUDYNAMYS Vigors and Horsfield 

Eudynamys scolopacea chinensis Cabanis and Heine 

E[udynamis]. chinensis Cabanis and Heine, Museum Heineanum, 

theil 4, heft 1, 1862, p. 52, footnote (Canton, Kwangtung 

Province, China). 

Range: Reported in summer from the northern and eastern plateaus, 

but on migration or in winter also from the southeastern provinces, 

the central plains, and the southwestern and peninsular provinces 

south to Trang. 

Eudynamys scolopacea malayana Cabanis and Heine 

E[udynamis]. malayana Cabanis and Heine, Museum Heineanum, 
theil 4, heft 1, 1862, p. 52 ("Sunda-Inseln" and Sumatra). 
Range: The southeastern provinces, the central plains, and the 
southwestern and peninsular provinces to the extreme South. 

Genus PHAENICOPHAEUS Stephens 

Phaenicophaeus diardi diardi (Lesson) 

Melius Diardi Lesson, Traite d'ornithologie, livr. 2, May 1830, 
p. 132 (Java, error; type locality corrected to Sumatra, by 
Hartert, Nov. ZooL, vol. 9, 1902, p. 545). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kra to the 
extreme South. 

Phaenicophaeus sumatranus sumatranus (RaflEles) 

Cuculus Sumatranus Raffles, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, vol. 13, 
pt. 2, [not earlier than November] 1822, p. 287 ("Sumatra and 
the adjacent islands"). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kra to the 
extreme South. 



58 U.S. NATIONAL JMUSEUM BULLETIN 226 

Phacnicophaeus Iristis saliens (Mayr) 

Ehopodytes tristis saliens Mayr, Ibis, ser. 14, vol. 2, No. 2, Apr. 1, 
1938, p. 306 (Chapa [lat. 22°20' N., long. 103°50' E.], Laokay 
Province, Tongking). 
Range: Reported from the eastern portion of the northern plateau 
(Chiang Rai, Phayao, Lampang, Phrae, Nan). 

Phacnicophaeus tristis longicaudatus Blyth 

Phoenicophxus longicaudatus Blyth, Journ. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, 

vol. 10, pt. 2, No. 119, 1842, p. 923 (Tenasserim Division, 

Burma; type specimen "procured in the vicinity of Maulmain," 

Amherst District, ^f/e Blyth, ibid., p. 917.) 

Range: The western portion of the northern plateau (Mae Hong 

Son, Chiang Mai), the eastern plateau, the southeastern provinces, 

the central plains, and the western and peninsular provinces to the 

extreme South. 

Phacnicophaeus chlorophaeus chlorophaeus (Raffles) 

Cuculus chlorophaeus Raffles, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, vol. 13,. 
pt. 2, [not earlier than November] 1822, p. 288 ("forests of 
Sumatra"). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from Prachuap Khiri Khan to the 
extreme South. 

Phacnicophaeus javanicus pallidus (Robinson and Boden KIoss) 
Zanclostomus javanicus pallidus Robinson and Boden Kloss, 
Journ. Federated Malay States Mus., vol. 10, pt. 3, June 1921, 
p. 203 (Gunong Jerai [lat. 5°47' N., long. 100°26' E.], State of 
Kedah, Malaya). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kra to the 
extreme South. 

Phacnicophaeus curvirostris singularis (Parrot) 

Rhamphococcyx curvirostris singularis Parrot, Abh. Bayer, Akad. 
Wiss., klasse 2, band 24, abt. 1, 1907, p. 186 (Sumatra). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from Prachuap Khiri Khan to 
the extreme South. 

Genus CARPOCOCCYX G. R. Gray 

Carpococcyx rcnauldi Oustalet 

Carpococcyx Renauldi Oustalet, Bull. Mus. Hist. Nat. [Paris], 
tome 2, No. 7, Dec. 21, 1896, p. 314 (Quangtri Province, 
Annam). 
Range: Reported from the eastern plateau (Nakhon Ratchasima) 
and the southeastern provinces (Chanthaburi) . 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 59 

Genus CENTROPUS lUiger 

Centropus sinensis intermedius (Hume) 

C[entrococcyx]. intermedius Hume, Stray Feathers, vol. 1, No. 6, 
December 1873, p. 454 ("the Dhoon, Dacca, and Thayet myo"; 
type locahty restricted to Thayetmyo District, Magwe Divi- 
sion, Burma, by Stresemann, Nov. Zool., vol. 20, 1913, p. 322). 
Range: Common in every part of the country, expecting the south- 
ernmost peninsular provinces. 

Centropus sinensis eurycercus Blyth 

C[dntropus]. eurycercus "A. Hay" Blyth, Journ. Asiatic Soc. Ben- 
gal, vol. 14, pt. 2, No. 164, August 1845, p. 551 (Malacca). 
Range: Common in the three southernmost peninsular provinces 
(Pattani, Yala, Narathiwat). 

Centropus toulou bengalensis (Gmelin) 

[Cuculus] bengalensis Gmelin, Caroli a Linne . . . Systema natu- 
rae, ed. 13, tom. 1, pars 1, 1788, p. 412 (Bengal State, India). 
Range: A visitor from southern China, reported on migration or in 
winter from the northern plateau and the northwestern portion of the 
eastern plateau (Loei). 

Centropus toulou chamnongi Deignan 

Centropus toulou chamnongi Deignan, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washing- 
ton, vol. 68, No. 23, Oct. 31, 1955, p. 146 (Ban Khlong Khlung 
[lat. 16°10' N., long. 99°45' E.], Kamphaeng Phet Province, 
Thailand). 
Range: Reported only from the central plains. 

Centropus toulou javanensis Dumont 

Centropus javanensis Dumont, Dictionnaire des sciences natu- 
relles, ed. Levrault, tome 11, 1818, p. 144 (Java). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kra to the 
extreme South. 

Order STRIGIFORMES 

Family TYTONIDAE 
Genus TYTO Billberg 

Tyto alba stertens Hartert 

Tyto alba stertens Hartert, Nov. Zool., vol. 35, No. 2, Sept. 30, 
1929, p. 98 (Silchar, Cachar District, Assam State, India). 
Range: The northern plateau (Chiang Mai), the eastern plateau 
(Sakon Nakhon), and the central plains. 



60 U.S. NATIONAL IMUSEUM BULLETIN 2 26 

Family STRIGIDAE 
Genus PHODILUS Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire 

Phodilus badius badius (Horsfield) 

Strix badia Horsfield, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, vol. 13, pt. 1, 
May 1821, p. 139 (Java; type specimens "from . . . the dis- 
trict of Pugar [lat. 8°22' S., long. 113°28' E.], and from the 
ranges of low hills south of the capital of Surakarta [lat. 7°33' 
S., long. 110°50' F,.]," Jide Horsfield, Zoological researches in 
Java, No. 4, June 1822, text accompanying pi. [37]). 
Range: Evergreen forests of the northern plateau (Chiang Mai, 

Lamphun, Tak), the eastern plateau (Nakhon Ratchasima), the 

southeastern provinces (Chon Buri), and the peninsular provinces 

(Prachuap Khiri Khan). 

Genus OTUS Pennant 

Otus sagittatus (Cassin) 

Ephialtes sagittatus Cassin, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 
vol. 4, No. 6, [not earlier than Dec. 26], 1848, p. 121 ("India?" 
and Malacca). 
Range: Reported from evergreen forests of the peninsular provinces 
(Prachuap 'Khiri Khan, Trang, Narathiwat). 

Otus spilocephalus siamensis Robinson and Boden Kloss 

Otits luciae siamensis Robinson and Boden Kloss, Journ. Fed- 
erated Malay States Mus., vol. 10, pt. 4, December 1922, p. 
261 (Khao Nong [lat. 8°55' N., long. 99°38' E.], Surat Thani 
Province, Thailand). 
Range: The northwestern provinces (Chiang Mai, Lamphun, Tak) 
and the peninsular provinces (Surat Thani, Nakhon Si Thammarat). 

Otus scops stictonotus (Bowdler Sharpe) 

Scops stictonotus Bowdler Sharpe, Catalogue of the birds in the 

British Museum, vol. 2, 1875, p. 54, pi. 3, fig. 2 (China). 

Range: A visitor from northeastern Asia, reported on migration or 

in winter from the northern plateau (Chaiya Prakan, Chiang Mai), 

the central plains (Bangkok), the peninsular provinces (Phuket, 

Trang), and the islet Ko Tao [in the Gulf of Siam off Chumphon]. 

Otus scops distans Friedmann and Deignan 

Otus senegalensis distans Friedmann and Deignan, Journ. Wash- 
ington Acad. Sci., vol. 29, No. 7, July 15, 1939, p. 287 (Sathani 
Mae Tha [lat. 18°30' N., long. 99°10' E.], Lamphun Province, 
ThaUand). 
Range: Reported from the northern plateau (Lamphun) and the 
eastern plateau (Nakhon Ratchasima) . 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 61 

Otus bakkamoena lettia (Hodgson) 

[Scops] Lettia Hodgson, Asiatic Researches, vol. 19, pt. 1, 1836, p. 
176 (Nepal). 
Range: The northern and eastern plateaus, the southeastern prov- 
inces, the central plains, and the southwestern provinces (Kanchana- 
buri) . 

Otus bakkamoena condorensis Boden Kloss 

Otus bakkamoena condorensis Boden Kloss, Journ. Siam Soc. Nat. 
Hist. Suppl., vol. 8, No. 2, November 1930, p. 81 (Pulau Kon- 
dor, about 45 miles off the coast of Cochin-China) . 
Range: The peninsular provinces south of the Isthmus of Kra. 

Genus BUBO Dumeril 

Bubo nipalensis nipalensis Hodgson 

[Bubo] Nipalensis Hodgson, Asiatic Researches, vol. 19, pt. 1, 
1836, p. 172 (Nepal). 
Range: Reported from the northern and eastern plateaus and the 
western provinces south to Prachuap Khiri Khan. 

Bubo sumatranus sumatranus (Raffles) 

Strix Sumatrana Raffles, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, vol. 13, pt. 
2, [not earlier than November] 1822, p. 279 (Sumatra). 
Range: Reported from the peninsular provinces south of the Isth- 
mus of Kra. 

Bubo coromandus klossii Robinson 

Bubo coromandus. klossii Robinson, Journ. Federated Malay 

States Mus., vol. 4, Nos. 3 & 4, November 1911, p. 246 (Gunong 

Semanggol pat. 5°00' N., long. 100°40' E.], Perak State, 

Malaya) . 

Range: The peninsular provinces from Prachuap Khiri Khan to the 

extreme South. 

Genus KETUPA Lesson 

Ketupa zeylonensis leschenault (Temminck) 

Strix leschenault Temminck, in Temminck and Laugier, Nouveau 
recueil de planches coloriees d'oiseaux, [livr. 4,] vol. 2, Novem- 
ber 1820, pi. 20 and text ("provinces orientales de ITnde"; 
type locality inferentially restricted to Chandernagore, Hooghly 
District, Bengal State, India, by Stuart Baker, Fauna of Brit- 
ish India, Birds, ed. 2, vol. 4, 1927, p. 409). 
Range: The northern and eastern plateaus, the central plains, and 
the western and peninsular provinces south to Trang. 



62 U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 226 

Ketupa ketupu aagaardi (Neumann) 

Bubo ketu2m aagaardi Neumann, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, vol. 55, 
No. 386, Apr. 30, 1935, p. 138 (Ban Bang Nara=MuangNara- 
thiwat [lat. 6°25' N., long. 101 °50' E.], Narathiwat Province, 
Thailand). 
Range: The southeastern provinces (Trat) and the peninsular prov- 
inces from Prachuap Khiri Khan to the extreme South. 

Genus GLAUCIDIUM Boie 

Glaucidiiim brodiei brodiei (Burton) 

Noctua Brodiei Burton, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, pt. 3, No. 34, 
Feb. 12, 1836, p. 152 ("apud Montes Himalayenses"; type lo- 
cality restricted to Simla, Simla District, Punjab State, India, 
apud Stuart Baker, Fauna of British India, Birds, ed. 2, vol. 
4, 1927, p. 450). 
Range: The northern and eastern plateaus, the southeastern prov- 
inces, and the western and peninsular provinces south to Surat Thani. 

Glaucidium cuculoides rufescens Stuart Baker 

Glaucidium cuculoides rufescens Stuart Baker, Bull. Brit. Orn. 
Club, vol. 47, No. 309, Nov. 27, 1926, p. 59 ("Noongzai-ban, 
the low westernmost ridge of the Western hills," Chief Com- 
missioner's State of Manipur, India, j^c^e Hume, Stray Feathers, 
vol. 11, 1888, p. 51; type specimen probably from about lat. 
24°48' N., long. 93°12' E., where the ridge is crossed by the 
Lakhipur-Imphal trail) . 
Range: The northernmost provinces of the northern plateau (Chaiya 

Prakan, Chiang Rai, Phayao). 

Glaucidium cuculoides briigeli (Parrot) 

Athene cuculoides briigeli Parrot, Verb. Orn. Ges. Bayern 1907, 

band 8, Nov. 14, 1908, p. 104 ("Bangkok," error; type locality 

corrected to Ban Sam Khok [lat. 14°05' N., long. 100°30' E.], 

Pathum Thani Province, Thailand, by Deignan, U.S. Nat. 

Mus. Bull. 186, 1945, p. 179). 

Range: The northern plateau (excepting the provinces mentioned 

just above), the eastern plateau, the central plains, and the western 

and peninsular provinces south to Chumphon. 

Glaucidium cuculoides deignani Ripley 

Glaucidium cuculoides deignani Ripley, Zoologica [New York], 
vol. 33, pt. 4, Nos. 13 & 14, Dec. 31, 1948, p. 200 (Ban Nong 
Kho [lat. 13°10' N., long. 101°05' E.], Chon Buri Province, 
Thailand). 
Range: The southeastern provinces. 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 63 

Genus NINOX Hodgson 

Ninox scutulata florensis (Wallace) 

Athene florensis Wallace, Proc. Zool. See. London, for 1863, pt.3, 
February 1864, p. 488 (Flores, Lesser Sunda Islands, Indonesia). 
Range: A visitor from the North, reported on migration or in 
winter from islands off the western coast (Trang) . 

Ninox scutulata burmanica Hume 

N[inox]. burmanica Hume, Stray Feathers, vol. 4, Nos. 4, 5, & 6, 
December 1876, p. 285 (Pegu and Tenasserim; type locality 
inferentially restricted to Tenasserim, by Hume, in Hume and 
Davison, Stray Feathers, vol. 6, 1878, p. 40; here further 
restricted to Kyauknyat [lat. 18°16' N., long. 97°31' E.], 
Salween District, Tenasserim Division, Burma). 
Range: The northern and eastern plateaus, the southeastern prov- 
inces, the central plains, and the western provinces south to Rat Buri. 

Ninox scutulata scutulata (Raffles) 

Strix scutulata Raffles, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, vol. 13, pt. 2, 
[not earlier than Novemberl 1822, p. 280 (Sumatra). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from Prachuap Khiri Khan to 
the extreme South. 

Genus ATHENE Boie 

Athene brama mayri Deignan 

Athene brama mayri Deignan, Auk, vol. 58, No. 3, July 9, 1941, 

p. 396 (Udon=Ban Mak Khaeng [lat. 17°25' N., long. 102°45' 

E.], Udon Thani Province, Thailand). 

Range: The northern plateau (Chiang Mai, Lamphun), the eastern 

plateau (Udon Thani, Nakhon Phanom, Khon Kaen, Sara Bun), the 

southeastern provinces (Chon Buri), the central plains, and the western 

provinces south to Rat Buri. 

Genus STRIX Linnaeus 

Strix selo-puto selo-puto Horsfield 

Strix Selo-puto Horsfield, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, vol. 13, pt. 1, 
May 1821, p. 140 (Java). 
Range: The eastern plateau (Chaiyaphum), the central plains 
(Pathum Thani, Samut Sakhon), and the peninsular provinces from 
the Isthmus of Kra to the extreme South. 

Strix leptogrammica laotiana Delacour 

Strix newarensis laotianus [sic] Delacour, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 

vol. 47, No. 308, Nov. 6, 1926, p. 11 (Chiang Khwang [lat. 

19°19' N., long. 103°22' E.], Chiang KLwang Province, Laos). 

Range: The northern plateau (Chiang Mai) and the eastern plateau 

(Nakhon Ratchasima). 



64 U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 226 

Strix leptogrammica maiugayi (Hume) 

[Symium] maingayi Hume, in Hume and Davison, Stray 

Feathers, vol. 6, Nos. 1-6, June 1878, pp. 27-28 ([Malacca]). 
Strix indranee rileyi E. H. Kelso, Auk, vol. 54, No, 3, July 2, 1937, 
p. 305 (Khao Nok Ra [lat. 7°25' N., long. 99°55' E.], Trang 
Provmce, Thailand). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kra to the 
extreme South. 

Genus ASIO Brisson 

Asio flammeus flammeus (Pontoppidan) 

[Strix] Flammea Pontoppidan, Den danske Atlas eller Konge-riget 

Dannemark, vol. 1, 1763, p. 617, pi. 25 (no locality given= 

Sweden, ex Fauna Svecica; type locality restricted to "Southern 

Sweden," by Hartert, Nov. Zool., vol. 9, 1902, p. 428). 

Range: A visitor from northern Asia, reported on migration or in 

winter from the northern plateau (Chiang Mai) and the central plains 

(Bangkok) . 

Order CAPRIMULGIFORMES 

Family PODARGIDAE 

Genus BATRACHOSTOMUS Gould 

Batrachostomus auritus (J. E. Gray) 

Podargus Auritus "Vigors & Horsfield" J. E. Gray, in Cuvier, 

The animal kingdom, ed. Griffith and Pidgeon, vol. 7, 1829, 

p. 114 and pi. (no type localitj^ given = Sumatra, ex Vigors, in 

Raffles, Memoirs, 1830, p. 652). 

Range: Reported only from Nakhon Si Thammarat (Heine and 

Reichenow, Nomenclator Musei Heineani Ornithologici, 1890, p. 159). 

Batrachostomus stellatus (Gould) 

Podargus Stellatus Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, pt. 5, No. 52, 
Dec. 5, 1837, p. 43 ("Java," error; type locality corrected to 
Malacca, by Hartert, Nov. Zool., vol. 9, 1902, p. 542). 
Range: The peninsular provinces south of the Isthmus of Kjra 
(Surat Thani, Kjabi). 

Batrachostomus hodgsoni indochinae Stresemann 

Batrachostomus hodgsoni indochinae Stresemann, ^litt. Zool. ^lus. 
Berlin, band 22, heft 2, Oct. 30, 1937, p. 320 (Dak To [lat. 
14042' N., long. 107°49' E.], Kontoum Province, Annam). 
Range: Reported only from the northern plateau (Chiang Mai). 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 65 

Batrachostomus javensis continentalis Stresemann 

Batrachostomus javensis continentalis Stresemann, Mitt. Zool. 

Mus. Berlin, band 22, heft 2, Oct. 30, 1937, p. 327 (Valley of 

the Thaungyin, Amherst District, Tenasserim Division, 

Burma). 

Range: The peninsular provinces from Phet Buri to Chumphon and 

the southeastern provinces (Chanthaburi). 

Family CAPRIMULGIDAE 

Genus EUROSTOPODUS Gould 

Eurostopodus macrotis cerviniceps (Gould) 

Lyncornis cerviniceps Gould, Icones avium, pt. 2 [Monograph of 
the Caprimulgidae, pt. 1], August 1838, pi. [14] and text 
("China or the adjacent islands," error; type locality corrected 
to Trang Province, Thailand, by Robinson and Boden Kloss, 
Journ. Nat. Hist. Soc. Siam, vol. 5, No. 2, 1923, p. 140). 
Range: The northern and eastern plateaus, the southeastern prov- 
inces, the central plains (Bangkok), and the western and peninsular 
provinces south to Trang. 

Genus CAPRIMULGUS Linnaeus 

Caprimulgus indicus jotaka Temminck and Schlegel 

Caprimvlgus jotaka Temminck and Schlegel, in Siebold, Fauna 
japonica, Aves, pts. 2 & 3, 1847, p. 37, pU. 12 cT, 13 9 (Japan). 
Range: A visitor from northeastern Asia, reported on migration or 
in winter from the northern plateau (Chiang Mai) and the penin- 
sular provinces (Trang). 

Caprimulgus indicus hazarae Whistler and Ednnear 

Caprimulgus indicus hazarae Whistler and Kinnear, Journ. Bom- 
bay Nat. Hist. Soc, vol. 38, No. 1, Aug. 15, 1935, p. 37 (Abbot- 
tabad, Hazara District, North-West Frontier Province, 
Pakistan). 
Range: Reported from the central plains (Nakhon Sawan) and the 
island Pulau Terutau [off the coast of Satun]. 

Caprimulgus macrurus bimaculatus Peale 

Caprimulgus bimaculatus Peale, U.S. Exploring Expedition, vol. 
8, 1848, p. 170 (Singapore Island, Malaya). 
Range: Common throughout the country from Chiang Rai to the 
extreme South. 



66 U.S. NATIONAL IVfUSEUM BULLETIN 226 

Caprimulgus asiaticus asiaticus Latham 

[Caprimulgus] asiaticus Latham, Index ornithologicus, vol. 2, 

1790, p. 588 (Bombay, Bombay State, India). 
CaprimulgiLS asiaticus siamensis Meyer de Schauensee, Proc. 
Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, vol. 85, Feb. 21, 1934, p. 373 
(Muang Chiang Mai [lat. 18°45' N., long. 99°00' E.], Chiang 
Mai Province, Thailand). 
Range: The northern plateau (excepting the provinces of Chaiya 
Prakan, Chiang Eai, and Phayao), the southwestern portion of the 
eastern plateau (Sara Buri), the central plains, and the western and 
peninsular provinces south to Prachuap Khiri Khan. 

Caprimulgus affinis monticolus Franldin 

Caprimulgus monticolus Franklin, Proc. Comm. Sci. Corr. Zool. 
Soc. London, pt. 1, No. 10, Oct. 25, 1831, p. 116 (". . . on the 
Ganges between Calcutta and Benares, and in the Vindhyian 
hills between the latter place and Gurrah Mundela, on the 
Nerbudda," India). 
Range: The northern plateau (excepting the provinces of Chaiya 

Prakan, Chiang Kai, and Phayao), the eastern plateau (Loei, IChon 

Kaen), the southeastern provinces, the central plains, and the western 

provinces (Kanchanaburi). 

Order APODIFORMES 

Family APODIDAE 

Genus COLLOCALIA G. R. Gray 

Collocalia maxima maxima Rume 

Collocalia maxima Hume, Stray Feathers, vol. 4, Nos. 1, 2 & 3, 
January 1876, p. 223 ("Mergui, Bankasoon," Mergui District, 
Tenasserim Division, Burma). Nomen nudum! 

Collocalia maxima Hume, in Hume and Davison, Stra}^ Feathers, 
vol. 6, Nos. 1-6, June 1878, p. 49 (Tenasserim Division, Burma) 
[quoted in synonymy of Collocalia innominata Hume, 1878 
("Mergui, Bankasoon," Mergui District, Tenasserim Division, 
Burma), not Collocalia innominata Hume, 1873 (Andaman 
Islands)]. 

Collocalia lowi robinsoni Stresemann, Bull. Raffles Mus., No. 6, 
December 1931, pp. 83 [nomen nudum!], 98 (Pulau Belitung 
[an islet south of Pulau Terutau], off the coast of Satun Prov- 
ince, ThaOand). 
Range: The western coast and its offshore islands from the Isthmus 
of Kra to Satun. 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 67 

CoUocalia brevirostris innominata Hume 

Collocalia innominata Hume, Stray Feathers, vol. 1, Nos. 2, 3, 
& 4, February 1873, p. 294 (Andaman Islands; type specimen 
from Port Mouat, South Andaman Island, fide Hartert, Cata- 
logue of the birds in the British Museum, vol. 16, 1892, p. 503). 
Range: A visitor from China, reported on migration or in winter 
from the peninsular provinces (Nakhon Si Thammarat). 

Collocalia brevirostris rogersi Deignan 

Collocalia brevirostris rogersi Deignan, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 

vol. 75, No. 9, Dec. 1, 1955, p. 118 (Ban Hin Laem [lat. 14°40' 

N., long. 98°40' E.], Kanchanaburi Province, Thailand). 

Range: Limestone crags of the northern and western provinces 

south to Kanchanaburi, on migration or m winter reported also from 

the peninsular provinces (Prachuap Khiri ELhan, Surat Thani). 

Collocalia inexpectata germani Oustalet 

Collocalia Germani Oustalet, Bull. Soc. PhUom. Paris, ser. 6, 

tome 13, [not earlier than January 22], 1876, p. 3 (Pulau 

Kondor, about 45 mUes off the coast of Cochin-China). 

Range: Along the eastern coast from Prachuap Khiri Khan to 

Songkhla, and the western coast from the Isthmus of Kra to Satun. 

Genus CHAETURA Stephens 

Chaetura cochinchinensis cochinchinensis Oustalet 

Chxtura cochinchinensis Oustalet, Bull. Soc. PhUom. Paris, ser. 
7, tome 2, No. 1, 1878, p. 52 (Saigon, Cochin-China). 
Range: A visitor from the North, reported on migration or in winter 
from the northern plateau (Phrae) and the central plains (Nakhon 
Sawan). 

Chaetura gigantea indica Hume 

Chxtura indica [Hume], Stray Feathers, vol. 1, No. 6, December 
1873, p. 471 (Andaman Islands and Southern India). 
Range: Reported from the northern and eastern plateaus, the 
southeastern provinces, the central plains, and the peninsular prov- 
inces (Phuket). 

Chaetura gigantea gigantea (Temminck) 

Cypselus giganteus "Y. Hass." Temminck, in Temminck and 
Laugier, Nouveau recueil de planches coloriees d'oiseaux, 
[livi'. 61,] vol. 4, August 1825, pi. 364 and text (Bantam district, 
Java). 
Range: Reported from the peninsular provinces (Trang). 



68 U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 226 

Chaetura leucopygialis (Blyth) 

Acanthylis leucopygialis Blyth, Journ. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, vol. 
18, pt. 2, for August 1849, p. 809 (Penang Island, xVlalaya). 
Range: "Reported from the peninsular provinces (Nakhon Si 
Thammarat, Trang). 

Genus APUS Scopoli 

Apus pacificus pacificus (Latham) 

H[irundo]. pacifica Latham, Index ornithologicus, suppl., 1801, 

p. Iviii ("New Holland"; type locality inferentially restricted 

to New South Wales, by Mathews, Nov. Zool., vol. 18, 1912, 

p. 292). 

Range: A visitor from northeastern Asia, reported on migration or 

in winter from the southeastern provinces (Chanthaburi), the central 

plains (Bangkok), and the peninsular provinces (Surat Thani). 

Apus pacificus cooki (Harington) 

Cypselus pacificus cooki Harington, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, vol. 31, 

No. 185, Feb. 27, 1913, p. 57 (caves of the Gokteik Gorge [lat. 

22°20' N., long. 96°52' E.], Hsipaw State, Northern Shan State, 

Burma). 

Range: Reported from the northern plateau (Chaiya Prakan, Chiang 

Mai) and on migration or in winter from the peninsular provinces 

(Surat Thani). 

Apus affinis subfurcatus (Blyth) 

Cypselus subfurcatus Blyth, Journ. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, vol. 18, 

pt. 2, for August 1849, p. 807 ("Malay Peninsula, "j^c?6 Sclater, 

Ibis, 1892, p. 83; type locality commonly restricted to Penang 

Island, Malaya, one of the localities mentioned by Blyth). 

Range: Reported from the northern plateau (Chiang Mai), islets 

of the Inner Gulf, and the peninsular provinces from Prachuap Khiri 

Khan south to Trang. 

Genus CYPSIURUS Lesson 

Cypsiurus parvus infumatus (Sclater) 

Cypselus infumatus P. L. Sclater, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, for 
1865, pt. 3, March 1866, p. 602 (Banjermasin, Borneo). 
Range: Not yet reported from the eastern plateau, but otherwise 
found throughout the country from Chiang Rai to the extreme South. 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 69 

Family HEMIPROCNIDAE 

Genus HEMIPROCNE Nitzsch 

Hemiprocne longipennis coronata (Tickell) 

Hirundo Coronata Tickell, Journ. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, vol, 2, No. 
23, November 1833, p. 580 ("jungles of Borabhuin and Dhol- 
bhuni"=Manblium and Singhbhum Districts, Bihar State, 
India). 
Range: The northern and eastern plateaus and the western prov- 
inces south to Kanchanaburi. 

Hemiprocne longipennis harterti Stresemann 

Hemiprocne longipennis harterti Stresemann, Nov. Zool., vol. 20, 
No. 2, June 17, 1913, p. 339 (Batu Sankahan, DeH district, 
Sumatra). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kra to the 
extreme South. 

Hemiprocne comata comata (Temminck) 

Cypselus comatus Temminck, in Temminck and Laugier, Nouveau 
recueil de planches coloriees d'oiseaux [livr. 45], vol. 4, April 
1824, pi. 268 and text (Sumatra). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kra to the 
extreme South. 

Order TROGONIFORMES 

Family TROGONIDAE 

Genus HARPACTES Swainson 

Harpactes kasumba kasiimba (Raffles) 

Trogon Kasumba Raffles, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, vol. 13, pt. 2, 
[not earlier than November] 1822, p. 282 (Sumatra). 
Range: Reported only from the southernmost peninsular provinces 
(Narathiwat) . 

Harpactes diardii sumatranus Blasius 

Harpactes diardi sumatranus Blasius, Mitt. Geogr. Ges. Nat. Mus. 
Liibeck, reihe 2, heft 10 & 11, Sept. 18, 1896, p. 95 ("Malay- 
ische Halbinsel und Sumatra"; type locality restricted to Suma- 
tra, by Riley, U.S. Nat. Mus. Bull. 172, 1938, p. 165). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Era to the 
extreme South. 



70 U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 226 

Harpactes duvaucelii (Temminck) 

Trogon duvaucelii Temminck, in Temminck and Laugier, Nouveau 
recueil de planches coloriees d'oiseaux, [livr. 49,] vol. 3, August 
1824, pi. 291 and text (Sumatra). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kjra to the 
extreme South. 

Harpactes oreskios stellae Deignan 

Harpactes oreskios stellae Deignan, Auk, vol. 58, No. 3, July 9, 
1941, p. 397 (Ban Chiang Dao [lat. 19°20' N., long. 99°00' E.], 
Chiang Mai Province, Thailand). 
Range: The northern and eastern plateaus, the southeastern prov- 
inces, and the western provinces south to Prachuap Khiri Khan. 

Harpactes oreskios uniformis (Robinson) 

Pyrotrogon oreskios uniformis Robinson, Journ. Federated Malay 
States Mus., vol. 7, pt. 3, September 1917, p. 149 (Sathani Lam 
Phila [lat. 7°40' N., long. 99°35' E.], Trang Province, Thailand, 
and Gunong Jerai (Kedah Peak) [lat. 5°47' N., long. 100°26' 
E.], Kedah State, Malaya). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kra to the 
extreme South. 

Harpactes erythrocephalus erythrocephalus (Gould) 

Trogon erythrocephalus Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, pt. 2, No. 
16, June 19, 1834, p. 25 (Rangoon, Rangoon Town District, 
Pegu Division, Burma). 
Range: Reported from the northern and western provinces of the 
northern plateau (Chiang Rai, Chiang Mai, Lamphun, Tak). 

Harpactes erythrocephalus anuaiuensis (Robinson and Boden Kloss) 

Pyrotrogon erythrocephalus annamensis Robinson and Boden Kloss, 

Ibis, ser. 11, vol. 1, No. 3, July 1, 1919, p. 424 (Dran [lat. 11°49' 

N., long. 108°38' E.], Haut-Donai Province, Amiam). 

Range: Reported from the southeastern provinces of the northern 

plateau and from the eastern plateau (Loei, Phetchabun, Nakhon 

Ratchasima). 

Harpactes erythrocephalus klossi (Robinson) 

Pyrotrogon erythrocephalus klossi Robinson, Ibis, ser. 10, vol. 3, 
No. 4, Oct. 8, 1915, p. 735 (Ko Chang [lat. 12°00' N., long. 
102°30' E.], off the coast of Trat Province, Thailand). 
Range: Reported from the southeastern provinces (Chanthaburi, 
Trat). 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 71 

Order CORACIIFORMES 

Family ALCEDINIDAE 

Genus CERYLE Boie 

Ceryle lugubris guttulata Stejneger 

Ceryle guttulata Stejneger, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus., vol. 14, No. 904, 
Aug. 2, 1892, p. 294. New name for Alcedo guttatus Vigors, 
Proc. Comm. Sci. Corr. Zool. Soc. London, pt. 1, No. 2, Feb, 1, 
1831, p. 22 (Himalayas; type locality restricted to Cachar 
District, Assam State, India, by Stuart Baker, Journ. Bombay 
Nat. Hist. Soc, vol. 28, 1922, p. 314), not Alcedo guttata Bod- 
daert, 1783. 
Range: Reported from the western provinces of the northern plateau 

(Chaiya Prakan, Mae Hong Son, Chiang Mai, Tak), 

Ceryle rudis leucomelanura Reichenbach 

C[eryle]. leucomelanura Reichenbach, Icones ad Synopsin Avium, 
continuatio No. viii, Alcedineae, 1851, p. 21, pi. ccccix b. No. 

3488 (Ceylon). 
Bange: Along the broader streams of the northern plateau (Chiang 
Rai, Chiang Mai), the southeastern provinces (Chanthaburi), the 
central plains, and the western provinces south to Phet Buri. 

Genus ALCEDO Linnaeus 

Alcedo atthis bengalensis Gmelin 

[Alcedo] bengalensis Gmelin, Caroli a Linne . . . Systema naturae 
ed. 13, tom. 1, pars 1, 1788, p. 450 (Bengal State, India). 
Range: Common in every part of the country from Chiang Rai to 
the extreme South. 

Alcedo meninting laubmanui Mathews 

Alcedo laubmanni Mathews, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, vol. 46, No. 
299, Nov. 4, 1925, p. 21. New name for Alcedo Asiatica 
Swainson, Zoological Illustrations, ser. 1, vol. 1, No. 9, June 
1821, pi. 50 and text ("some part of India"; type locality re- 
stricted to Bengal State, by Stuart Baker, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 
vol, 39, 1919, p. 37), not Alcedo Asiatica Meuschen, 1787. 
Range: Reported from the northern plateau (Chiang Mai, Nan) 
and the central plains (Sukhothai). 

Alcedo meninting verreauxii De la Berge 

Alcedo Verreauxii De la Berge, Rev. Mag. Zool., ser. 2, tome 2, 
[not earher than November] 1850, p. 621 (Borneo). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Era to the 
extreme South. 

546-019 — 63 6 



72 U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 226 

Alcedo euryzonia peninsulae Laubmann 

Alcedo euryzonia peninsulae Laubmann, Verb. Orn. Ges. 

Bayern, band 22, bft. 1, Jan. 25, 1941, p. 166. New name for 

Alcedo nigricans Blytb, Jom-n. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, vol. 16, pt. 2, 

1847, p. 1180 (Malacca), not Alcedo Nigricans Meuschen, 1787. 

Eange: The peninsular provinces from Prachuap Khiri Khan to 

Trang, 

Genus CEYX Lacepede 

Ceyx erithaciis erithacus (Linnaeus) 

[Alcedo] erithaca Linnaeus, Systema naturae, ed. 10, torn 1, 
1758, p. 115 (Bengal State, India). 
Range: Throughout the country from Chiang Mai to the extreme 
South. 

Ceyx rufidorsus rufidorsus Stricldand 

Ceyx rufidorsa Strickland, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, pt. 14, No. 
165, Jan. 26, 1847, p. 99 (Malacca). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Era to the 
extreme South. 

Genus PELARGOPSIS Gloger 

Pelargopsis amauroptera (Pearson) 

Halcyon Amauropterus Pearson, Journ. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, vol. 
10, pt. 2, No. 116, August 1841, p. 635 (near Calcutta, Bengal 
State, India). 
Range: Along the western coast from the Isthmus of Kra to Satun. 

Pelargopsis capensis burmanica Bowdler Sharpe 

Pelargopsis burmanica Bowdler Sharpe, A monograph of the 
Alcedinidae, vol. 1, pt. 8, Apr. 1, 1870, p. [109], pi. 35 ("Anda- 
man Islands . . ., Burmah . . ., Siam . . ., Tenasserim Prov- 
inces . . ."; type specimen from Toungoo, Toungoo District, 
Pegu Division, Burma, Jide Bowdler Sharpe, Catalogue of the 
birds in the British Museum, vol. 17, 1892, p. 105). 
Range: Found throughout the country from Chiang Rai to the 
Isthmus of KJra. 

Pelargopsis capensis malaccensis Bowdler Sharpe 

Pelargopsis malaccensis Bowdler Sharpe, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 
for 1870, pt. 1, May 1870, p. 67 (Malay Peninsula). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kra to the 
extreme South, 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 73 

Genus LACEDO Reichenbach 

Lacedo pulchella amabilis (Hume) 

Carcineutes amabilis Hume, Stray Feathers, vol. 1, No. 6, De- 
cember 1873, p. 474 ("the eastern Pegu Hills in the latitude of 
Thayetmyo," Bm'ma). 
Range: The northern and eastern plateaus, the southeastern 
provinces, and the western and peninsular provinces south to Prachuap 
Khiri Khan, 

Lacedo pulchella deignani Meyer de Schauensee 

Lacedo pulchella deignani Meyer de Schauensee, Proc. Acad. Nat. 

Sci. Philadelphia, vol. 98, May 17, 1946, p. 27 (Naldion Si 

Thammarat [lat. 8°25' N., long. 100°00' E.], Naldion Si 

Thammarat Province, Thailand). 

Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Ki'a south to 

Trang. 

Lacedo pulchella pulchella (Horsfield) 

Dacelo pulchella Horsfield, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, vol. 13, 

pt. 1, May 1821, p. 175 ("in a low range of hills about twenty 

miles south-east of Samarang, known in the central parts of 

the island by the name of the hills of Prowoto," Java). 

Range: Reported only from the southernmost peninsular provinces 

(Songkhla, Narathiwat) . 

Genus HALCYON Swainson 

Halcyon coromanda coromanda (Latham) 

[Alcedo] coromanda Latham, Index ornithologicus, vol. 1, 1790, 
p. 252 (Coromandel Coast of India, ex Sonnerat). 
Range: The northern plateau (Lamphun), the southeastern 
provinces (Trat), and the peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of 
Kra to the extreme South. 

Halcyon smyrnensis perpulchra von Madardsz 

Halcyon perpulchra von Madardsz, Ann. Hist;-Natur. Mus. Nat. 
Hungarici, vol. 2, pt. 1, Jan. 15, 1904, p. 85 (Singapore Island, 
Malaya) . 
Range: Common throughout the country from Chiang Rai to the 
extreme South. 

Halcoyn pileata (Boddaert) 

Alcedo pileata Boddaert, Table des planches enlumineez d'histoire 
naturelle, 1783, p. 41 (China, ex Daubenton, pi. 673.) 
Range: A visitor from China, reported on migration or in winter 
from every part of the country to the extreme South. 



74 U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 2 26 

Halcyon chloris armstrongi Bowdler Sliarpe 

Halcyon armstrongi Bowdler Sliarpe, Catalogue of the birds in 
the British Museum, vol. 17, 1892, p. 277, pi. 7, fig. 1 ("the 
Sunderbunds to Burmah, Tenasseriin, and Siam, south to the 
Malayan Peninsula, Sumatra, and Northern Borneo"; type 
specimen from "Siam,"j/?(/e Oberholser, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus., 
vol. 55, 1919, p. 374; type locality here restricted to Bangkok, 
Thailand). 
Range: Along the eastern coast from Trat to the Isthmus of Kra. 

Halcyon chloris humii Bowdler Sharpe 

Halcyon humii Bowdler Sharpe, Catalogue of the birds in the 
British Museum, vol. 17, 1892, p. 281, pi. 8 ("Siam to the 
Malayan Peninsula and Sumatra"; type specimen from Jeram 
[lat. 3°13' N., long. 101 °19' E.], Selangor State, Malaya, 
fide Oberholser, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus., vol. 55, 1919, p. 372). 
Range: Along the whole length of the western coast and along the 
eastern coast from the Isthmus of Kra to the extreme South. 

Halcyon concreta peristephes Deignan 

Halcyon concreta peristephes Deignan, Journ. Washington Acad. 

Sci., vol. 36, No. 12, Dec. 31, 1946, p. 428 (Khao Luang 

[lat. 11°40' N., long 99°35' E.], Prachuap Khiri Khan Province, 

Thailand). 

Range: The peninsular provinces from Prachuap Khiri Khan to 

Trang. 

Family MEROPIDAE 
Genus MEROPS Linnaeus 

Merops lescbenaulti leschenaulti Vieillot 

Merojjs Leschenaulti Vieillot, Nouveau dictionnaire d'histoire 
natiu-elle, nouv. ed., tome 14, September 1817, p. 17 ("Java," 
ex Levaillant, error; type locality corrected to Ceylon, by 
Whistler and Kinnear, Journ. Bomba}^ Nat. Hist. Soc, vol. 37, 
1935, p. 758). 
Range: Throughout the country from Chiang Rai to the extreme 
South. 

Merops philippinus javanicus Horsfield 

Merops Javanicus Horsfield, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, vol. 13, 
pt. 1, May 1821, p. 171 (Java). 
Range: Found throughout the country from Chiang Rai to the 
extreme South (during the cold season restricted to the southernmost 
provinces) . 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 75 

Merops orientalis ferrugeiceps Anderson 

AI[erops]. ferrugeiceps Anderson, Anatomical and zoological 

researches, 1879, p. 582 (Upper Burma and Yunnan; type 

locality here restricted to Mandalay, Mandalay District, 

Mandalay Division, Upper Burma) . 

Range: The northern and eastern plateaus, the southeastern 

provinces, the central plains, and the western and peninsular provinces 

south to Prachuap Khiri Khan. 

Merops viridis viridis Linnaeus 

[Merops] viridis Linnaeus, Systema naturae, ed. 10, torn. 1, 

1758, p. 117 ("m Java, Benghala"; type locality restricted to 

Java, by Hartert, Die Vogel der palaarktischen Fauna, band 2, 

hft. 1, 1912, p. 863, footnote 1). 

Range: Reported from the southwestern portion of the eastern 

plateau (Nakhon Batchasima) , the southeastern provinces (Chon 

Buri), and the peninsular provinces from Prachuap Khiri Khan to the 

extreme South. 

Genus NYCTYORNIS Jardine and Selby 

Nyctyornis amictus (Temminck) 

Merops amictus Temminck, in Temminck and Laugier, Nouveau 
recueil de planches coloriees d'oiseaux, [livr. 52,] vol. 4, Novem- 
ber 1824, pi. 310 and text (Sumatra). 
Range: The western and peninsular provinces from Kanchanaburi 
to the extreme South. 

Nyctyornis athertoni athertoni (Jardine and Selby) 

Merops athertoni Jardine and Selby, Illustrations of ornithology, 
ser. 1, vol. 2, pt. 4, November 1828, pi. 58 and text (India; type 
locality restricted to Cachar District, Assam State, by Stuart 
Baker, Journ. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc, vol. 28, 1922, p. 314, 
and corrected to Bangalore, Bangalore District, Mysore State, 
by Kinnear, Ibis, 1925, p. 751). 
Range: The northern and eastern plateaus, the southeastern pro- 
vinces, and the western and peninsular provinces south to Prachuap 
Khiri Khan. 

Family CORACIIDAE 

Genus CORACIAS Linnaeus 

Coracias benghalensis affinis McClelland 

Coracias affinis McClelland, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, pt. 7, No. 

82, March 1840, p. 164 (Assam State, India). 
Coracias affinis theresiae Parrot, Verb. Orn. Ges. Bayern 1907, 

band 8, Nov. 14, 1908, p. 113 (Thailand). 



76 U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 226 

Range: The northern and eastern plateaus, the southeastern pro- 
vinces, the central plains, and the western and peninsular provinces 
south to Prachuap Khiri Khan (during the cold season reported also 
from Phuket and Narathiwat) . 

Genus EURYSTOMUS Vieillot 

Eurystomus orientalis deignani Ripley 

Eurystomus orientalis deignani Ripley, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washing- 
ton, vol. 55, No. 34, Dec. 31, 1942, p. 171 (Ban Muang Ngop 
[lat. 19°30' N., long. 100°55' E.], Nan Province, Thailand). 
Range: Reported from the northern and eastern plateaus. 

Eurystomus orientalis cyanicoUis Vieillot 

Eurystomus cyanicoUis Vieillot, Nouveau dictionnaire d'histoire 

naturelle, nouv. ed., tome 29, May 1819, p. 425 ("dans I'lnde"; 

type locality inferentially restricted to Chandernagore, Hooghly 

District, Bengal State, India, by Stresemann, Ibis, vol. 94, 

1952, p. 519). 

Range: The southeastern provinces, the central plains, and the 

western and peninsular provinces from Kanchanaburi to the extreme 

South. 

Family UPUPIDAE 

Genus UPUPA Linnaeus 

Upupa epops saturata Lonnberg 

Upupa epops saturata Lonnberg, Arkiv for Zoologi, band 5, No. 

9, June 10, 1909, p. 29 (Kyakhta, Buryat Mongol Autonomous 

SSR, Russian SFSR). 

Range: A visitor from northern Asia, reported on migration or in 

winter from the northern plateau (Chiang Mai), the central plains 

(Bangkok), and the peninsular provinces (Prachuap Khiri Khan). 

Upupa epops longirostris Jerdon 

U[pupa]. longirostris Jerdon, The birds of India, vol. 1, 1862, p. 

393 (Burma; type locality restricted to Rangoon, Rangoon 

Town District, Pegu Division, Burma, by Stuart Baker, 

Fauna of British India, Birds, ed. 2, vol. 4, 1927, p. 312). 

Range: Common throughout the country from Chiang Rai to the 

extreme South. 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 77 

Family BUCEROTIDAE 

Genus BERENICORNIS Bonaparte 

Berenicornis comatus (Raffles) 

Buceros comatus Raffles, Trans, Linn. Soc. London, vol. 13, pt. 2, 
[not earlier than November] 1822, p. 339 (Sumatra). 
Range: Reported from the peninsular provinces (Nakhon Si Tham- 
marat, Trang). 

Genus PTILOLAEMUS Ogilvie-Grant 

Ptilolaemus tickelli austeni (Jerdon) 

Anorhinus austeni Jerdon, Ibis, ser. 3, vol. 2, No. 5, January 

1872, p. 6 (no locality given; type specimen from Asalu, North 

Cachar Hills, Assam, ^c?e Ogilvie-Grant, Catalogue of the birds 

in the British Museum, vol. 17, 1892, p. 393). 

Range: Reported from the northern plateau (Chiang Mai, 

Lamphun, northern Tak, Nan) and the northwestern portion of the 

eastern plateau (Loei). 

Ptilolaemus tickelli tickelli (Blyth) 

Buceros Tickelli Blyth, Journ. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, vol. 24, No. 
3, [not earlier than April] 1855, p. 266 ("mountainous interior 
of the Tenasserim provinces," Lower Burma; type specimen 
from the eastern foot of the Dawna Range, Amherst District, 
Jide Tickell, ibid., p. 285). 
Range: The evergreen forest of the southwestern provinces (south- 
ern Tak, Kanchanaburi, Rat Buri, Phet Buri) . 

Genus ANORRHINUS Reichenbach 

Anorrhinus galeritus carinatus (Blyth) 

Buceros carinatus Blyth, Journ. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, vol. 14, pt. 
1, No. 159, March 1845, p. 187 (Malacca). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from Nakhon Si Thammarat to 
Trang. 

Genus ACEROS J. E. Gray 

Aceros nipalensis (Hodgson) 

Buceros Nipalensis Hodgson, Asiatic Researches, vol. 18, pt. 1, 
1829 or 1832, p. 178, figs. 1, 2 ([Nepal]). 
Range: Evergreen forests of the western provinces from Chiang 
Mai to southern Tak. 



78 U-S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 226 

Genus RHYTICEROS Reichenbach 

Rhyticeros leucocephalus corrugatus (Temminck) 

Buceros corrugatus Temminck, in Tcmmiiick and Laugier, Nou- 

veau recueil de planches coloriees d'oiseaux, [livr. 90,] vol. 2, 

July 1832, pi. 531 and text (Pontianak [lat. 0°02' S., long. 

109°22' E.], Borneo). 

Range: Reported only from the southern peninsular provinces 

(Trang). 

Rhyticeros undulatus ticehursti Deignan 

Rhyticeros undulatus ticehursti Deignan, Auk, vol. 58, No, 3, Julj^ 9, 
1941, p. 397 (beside Huai Oi, at a point 14 kilometres north- 
east of Ban Sop Li [therefore, at about lat. 18°08' N., long. 
100°38' E.], Nan Province, Thailand). 
Range: The northern plateau, the northwestern portion of the east- 
ern plateau (Loei), the southeastern provinces, and the western and 
peninsular provinces south to the Isthmus of Kra. 

Rhyticeros undulatus undulatus (Shaw) 

Buceros undulatus Shaw, General zoology, vol. 8, pt. 1, 1812, p. 
26 (Java). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kra to the 
extreme South. 

Rhyticeros plicatus subruficollis (Blyth) 

B[uceros]. subruficollis Blyth, Journ. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, vol. 12, 
pt. 1, No. 134, [not earlier than February] 1843, p. 177 (Te- 
nasserim Division, Burma) . 
Range: The southwestern and peninsular provinces from Kanchana- 
buri to Prachuap Khiri Khan. 

Genus ANTHRACOCEROS Reichenbach 

Anthracoceros malayanus (Raffles) 

Buceros Malayanus Raffles, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, vol. 13, 
pt. 2, [not earlier than November] 1822, p. 292 (Malacca). 
Range: Reported from the southern peninsular provinces (Trang, 
Narathiwat) . 

Anthracoceros albirostris leucogaster (Blyth) 

B[uceros\. leucogaster Blyth, Journ. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, vol. 10, 

pt. 2, No. 119, 1842, p. 922 (Tenasserim Division, Lower 

Burma; type specimen from "the vicinity of IVTaulmain," 

Amherst District, j^r/e Blyth, ibid., p. 917). 

Range: Throughout the country from Chiang Rai to the extreme 

South. 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 79 

Anthracoceros convexus (Temminck) 

Buceros convexus Temminck, in Temminck and Laugier, Nouveau 
recueil de planches coloriees d'oiseaux, [livr. 89,] vol. 2, Feb- 
ruary 1832, pi. 530 and text (Sumatra, Java, Borneo). 
Range: Reported from the southern peninsular provinces (Song- 
khla, Pattani, Yala). 

Genus BUCEROS Linnaeus 

Buceros rhinoceros rhinoceros Linnaeus 

[Buceros] Rhinoceros Linnaeus, Systema naturae, ed. 10, tom. 1, 
1758, p. 104 ("India," error; type locality corrected to Malacca, 
by Hartert, Nov. Zool., vol. 9, 1902, p. 543, "because Bontius' 
figure, in spite of the locality Java, represents in my opinion 
the form inhabiting Malacca and Sumatra, and not the Java 
form, and so do certainly the figures of WUloughby, Adrovandus 
[sic], and others"). 
Range: Reported only from the southern peninsular provinces 

(Songkhla) . 

Buceros bicornis homrai Hodgson 

Buceros Homrdi Hodgson, Journ. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, vol. 1, No. 

6, June 1832, p. 251 (no locality; type specimens from "the 

lesser hills overlooking the plains of India, from the Ganges to 

the Bramapiitr," fide Hodgson, Asiatic Researches, vol. 18, 

pt. 2, 1833, p. 169). 

Range: Evergreen forests of the northern and eastern plateaus, the 

southeastern provinces, and of the western and peninsular provinces 

south to the Isthmus of Kra. 

Buceros bicornis bicornis Linnaeus 

[Buceros] bicornis Linnaeus, Systema naturae, ed. 10, tom. 1, 
1758, p. 104 ("China," error; type locality corrected to Su- 
matra, by Chasen, Handlist of Malaysian Birds, 1935, p. 105, 
footnote 1). 
Range: Evergreen forests of the peninsular provinces from the 
Isthmus of Kra to the extreme South. 

Genus RHINOPLAX Gloger 

Rhinoplax vigil (J. R. Forster) 

[Buceros] vigil J. R. Forster, Indische zoologie, 1781, p. 40 (no 
locality given = Sumatra, ex Edwards). 
Range: Reported from the peninsular provinces (Trang, Songkhla). 



80 U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 226 

Order PICIFORMES 

Family CAPITONIDAE 

Genus MEGALAIMA G. R. Gray 

Megalaima virens virens (Boddaert) 

Bucco virens Boddaert, Table des planches enlumineez d'histoire 
naturelle, 1783, p. 53 (China, ex d'Aubenton, pi. 871). 
Range: The northern plateau, on the West south to Tak, and the 
northwestern portion of the eastern plateau (Loei). 

Megalaima zeylanica hodgsoni Bonaparte 

Megalaimus [sic] hogdsoni [sic] Bonaparte, Conspectus generum 
avium, torn. 1, pars 1, June 24, 1850, p. 144 (Nepal). 
Range: Common in every part of the country from Chiang Rai 
south to the Isthmus of Era. 

Megalaima zeylanica lineata (Vieillot) 

Capita lineatus Vieillot, Nouveau dictionnaire d'histoire natu- 
relle, nouv. ed., tome 4, December 1816, p. 500 ("I'Australasie" ; 
type locality restricted to Java, by Stresemann, in Bartels and 
Stresemann, Treubia, vol. 11, 1929, p. 118). 
Range: Reported only from the southern peninsular provinces 
(Trang, Pattani). 

Megalaima faiostricta praetermissa (Boden Kloss) 

Thereiceryx jlavostrictus [sic] prsetermissus Boden Kloss, Ibis, ser. 

10, vol. 6, No. 1, Jan. 22, 1918, p. 101 (southern China; type 

specimen from Naochow Island, Kwangtung Province, fide 

Peters, Checklist of bu'ds of the world, vol. 6, 1948, p. 33). 

Range: Reported from the northern plateau (Chaiya Prakan, 

Chiang Rai, Phayao, Lampang, Nan) and the eastern plateau (Loei, 

Sakon Nakhon, Nakhon Phanom). 

Megalaima faiostricta faiostricta (Temminck) 

Bucco faiostrictus Temminck, in Temminck and Laugier, Nouveau 
recueil de planches coloriees d'oiseaux, [livr. 88,] vol. 3, May 
1831, pi. 527 and text (Cochm-China). 
Range: Reported from the eastern plateau (Sara Buri, Nakhon 
Ratchasima), the southeastern provinces, and the southwestern prov- 
inces (Kamphaeng Phet, Prachuap Khiri Khan). 

Megalaima chrysopogon laeta (Robinson and Boden Kloss) 

Chotorhea chrysopogon subsp. laetus Robinson and Boden Kloss, 
Journ, Federated Malay States Mus., vol. 8, pt. 2, December 
1918, p. 141 (Bukit Tangga [lat. 2°5r N., long. 102°00' E.], 
Negri Sembilan State, Malaya). 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 81 

Range: The peninsular provinces from Prachuap Khiri Khan to the 
extreme South. 

Megalaima rafflesii malayensis (Chasen) 

Chotorhea rafflesii malayensis Chasen, Orn. Monatsb., jahrg. 43, 
No. 5, Sept. 26, 1935, p. 147 (Pulau Ubin, near Singapore, 
Malaya) . 
Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kj-a to the 
extreme South. 

Megalaima mystacophanos mystacophanos (Temminck) 

Bucco mystacophanos Temminck, in Temminck and Laugier, 
Nouveau recueU de planches coloriees d'oiseaux, [livr. 53,] 
vol. 3, December 1824, pi. 315 and text (Sumatra). 
Cyanops mystacophanes aurantiifrons Robinson and Boden Kloss, 
Journ. Nat. Hist. Soc. Siam, vol. 3, No. 2, Feb. 25, 1919, p. 
100 (Ban Nong Kok [lat. 8°26' N., long. 98°48' E.], Krabi 
Province, Thailand). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kra to the 
extreme South. 

Megalaima franklinii ramsayi (Walden) 

Megalxma Ramsayi Walden, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 4, vol. 
15, No. 90, June 1875, p. 400 (Karen Hills, Burma). 
Range: The western provinces of the northern plateau from Chaiya 
Prakan south to Tak. 

Megalaima franklinii trangensis (Riley) 

Cyanops franklini trangensis Riley, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washmgton, 
vol. 47, No. 23, June 13, 1934, p. 116 (Khao Nam Pliu [lat. 
7°35' N., long. 99°50' E.], Trang Province, ThaUand). 
Range: Reported only from the southern peninsular provinces 
(Trang). 

Megalaima asiatica davisoni (Hume) 

Megalaima Davisoni Hume, Stray Feathers, vol. 5, No. 2, June 

1877, p. 108 C'Tenasserim Central Hills ... at Meetan and 

other lower localities," Amherst District, Tenasserim Division, 

Burma) . 

Range: The western provinces from Chaiya Prakan south to Phet 

Buri. 

Megalaima asiatica laurentii (WeUs) 

Cyanops davisoni laurentii WeUs, BuU. Brit. Orn. Club, vol. 43, 
No. 280, July 20, 1923, p. 174 (Yuankiang [lat. 23°37' N., 
long. 102°0r E.], Yunnan Province, China). 
Range: The eastern provinces of the northern plateau (Nan) and 
the northwestern portion of the eastern plateau (Loei) . 



82 U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 2 26 

Megalaima asiatica chersonesus (Chasen and Boden Kloss) 

Cyanops asiatica chersonesus Chasen and Boden Ivloss, Bull. 

Brit. Orn. Club, vol. 48, No. 318, Nov. 25, 1927, p. 46 (Khao 

Luang [lat. 8°30' N., long. 99°45' E.], Nakhon Si Thammarat 

Province, Thailand). 

Range: The peninsular provinces south of the Isthmus of Kra 

(Surat Thani, Nakhon Si Thammarat). 

Megalaima incognita elbeli (Deignan) 

Megalaima incognita elbeli Deignan, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 

vol. 69, No. 36, Dec. 31, 1956, p. 207 (Ban Muang Khai [lat. 

17°30' N., long. 101°20' E.j, Loei Province, Thailand). 

Range: Reported from the eastern portion of the northern plateau 

(Nan) and from the eastern plateau (Loei, Nakhon Ratchasima). 

Megalaima incognita euroa (Deignan) 

Cyanops incognita euroa Deignan, Journ. Washington Acad. Sci., 
vol. 29, No. 4, Apr. 15, 1939, p. 177 (lOiao Sa Bap [lat. 12°35' 
N., long. 102°15' E.], Chanthaburi Province, Thailand). 
Range: Reported only from the southeastern provinces (Chantha- 
ouri, Trat). 

Megalaima benricii henricii (Temminck) 

Bucco henricii Temminck, in Temminck and Laugier, Nouveau 
recueil de planches coloriees d'oiseaux, [livr. 88,] vol. 3, May 
1831, pi. 524 and text (Sumatra). 
Range: The peninsular provinces south of the Isthmus of Kra 
(Krabi, Trang). 

Megalaima australis cyanotis (Blyth) 

B[ucco]. cyanotis Blyth, Journ. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, vol. 16, pt. 

1, May 1847, p. 465 (Arakan Division, Burma). 
Cyanops australis invisa Deignan, Auk, vol. 58, No. 3, July 9, 
1941, p. 398 (Pang Makham Phong [about lat. 19°35' N., long. 
99°06' E.], Chaiya Prakan Province, Thailand). 
Range: Reported only from the northern plateau. 

Megalaima australis stuarti (Robinson and Boden Kloss) 

Mesobucco duvauceli stuarti Robinson and Boden Kloss, Journ. 

Nat. Hist. Soc. Siam, vol. 3, No. 2, Feb. 25, 1919, p. 100 (Klilong 

Thung Sai [about lat. 8°00' N., long. 98°20' E.], Phuket 

Province, Thailand). 

Range: The southwestern and peninsular provinces from Ka-n- 

chanaburi to the extreme South. 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 83 

Megalaima australis orientalis (Robinson) 

Mesohucco duoaugli [sic] orientalis Robinson, Ibis, ser. 10, vol. 3, 
No. 4, Oct. 8, 1915, p. 738 (Ok Yam, Kampot Province, 
Cambodia). 
Range: The eastern plateau and the southeastern provinces. 

Megalaima haemacephala indica (Latham) 

[Bucco] indicus Latham, Index ornithologicus, vol. 1, 1790, p. 205 

(India; type locality restricted to Calcutta, Bengal State, by 

Stuart Baker, Journ. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc, vol. 28, 1921, 

p. 105). 

Range: Common in every part of the country from Chiang Rai to 

the extreme South. 

Genus CALORHAMPHUS Lesson 

Calorhamphus fuliginosus detersus Deignan 

Calorhamphus fuliginosus detersus Deignan, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 

vol. 80, No. 7, Oct. 3, 1960, p. 121 (Ban Sichon [lat. 9°00' N., 

long. 99°55' E.], Nakhon Si Thammarat Province, Thailand). 

Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kra south to 

Trang. 

FamUr INDICATORIDAE 
Genus INDICATOR Stephens 

Indicator archipelagicus Temminck 

Indicator archipelagicus Temminck, in Temminck and Laugier, 

Nouveau recueil de planches coloriees d'oiseaux, [livr. 91,] 

vol. 3, December 1832, pi. 542, fig. 1, and text (Pontianak 

[lat. 0°02' S., long. 109°22' E.], Borneo). 

Range: Reported from the southwestern and peninsular provinces 

(southern Tak, Trang). 

Family PICIDAE 
Genus JYNX Linnaeus 

Jynx torquilla chinensis Hesse 

lynx torquilla chinensis Hesse, Orn. Monatsb., jahrg. 19, No. 11, 

November 1911, p. 181 (China; type specimen from Peiping, 

Hopeh Province, Jide Hesse, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, band 6, 

1912, p. 143). 

Range: A visitor from the North, reported on migration or in 

winter from the northern plateau and the central plains south to 

Bangkok. 



84 U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETEST 2 26 

Genus PICUMNUS Temminck 

Picumnus innominatus malayorum Hartert 

Picumnus innominatus malayorum Hartert, Die Vogel der pala- 

arktischen Fauna, band 2, heft 1, February 1912, p. 937 

(Gunong Ijau [about lat. 4°50' N., long. 100°48' E.], Perak 

State, Malaya). 

Range: Reported from the western portion of the northern plateau 

(Chaiya Prakan, Chiang Mai, Lamphun) and the northwestern portion 

of the eastern plateau (Loei). 

Genus SASIA Hodgson 

Sasia ochracea quemlivox Stuart Baker 

Sasia ochracea guerulivox Stuart Baker, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 
vol. 47, No. 308, Nov. 6, 1926, p. 43 ("Tippera Hills" = Chief 
Commissioner's State of Tripura, India). 
Range: Reported from the northern and eastern plateaus. 

Sasia ochracea reichenowi Hesse 

Sasia ochracea reichenowi Hesse, Orn. Monatsb., jahrg. 19, No. 11, 

November 1911, p. 181 (Burma; type specimen from Thayet- 

chaung [lat. 13°52' N., long. 98°16' E.], Tavoy District, Tenas- 

serim Division). 

Range: The southwestern and peninsular provinces from Kan- 

chanaburi to Prachuap Kiiiri Khan. 

Sasia ochracea hasbroucki Deignan 

Sasia ochracea hasbroucki Deignan, Journ. Washington Acad. 

Sci., vol. 37, No. 1, Jan. 31, 1947, p. 25 (Maliwun [lat. 10°15' 

N., long. 98°36' E.], Mergui District, Tenasserim Division, 

Biu^ma). 

Range: The peninsular provinces at the Isthmus of Kra (Chumphon, 

Ranong). 

Sasia abnormis abnormis (Temminck) 

Picumnus abnormis Temminck, in Temminck and Laugier, 
Nouveau recueil de planches coloriees d'oiseaux, [livr. 62,] 
vol. 4, September 1825, pi, 371, fig. 3, and text (Java). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from Prachuap Khiri Khan to the 
extreme South. 

Genus MICROPTERNUS Blyth 

Micropternus brachyurus phaioceps (Blyth) 

P[icus]. {M[icropternus].) phaioceps Blyth, Journ. Asiatic Soc. 
Bengal, vol. 14, pt, 1, No. 159, [not earlier than August] 1845, 
p. 195 ("India proper extending eastwards to Tipperah and 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 85 

Arracan"; the cotypes are, fide Robinson and Boden Kloss, 
Journ. Nat. Hist. Soc. Siam, vol. 5, 1923, p. 183, the specimens 
"from the vicinity of Calcutta" listed by Blyth, Catalogue of 
the birds in the Museum Asiatic Society, 1849, p. 60). 
Range: The northern and eastern plateaus and the southeastern 
provinces. 

Micropternus brachyurus williamsoni Boden Kloss 

Micropternus brachyurus williamsoni Boden Kloss, Ibis, ser. 10, 

vol. 6, No. 1, Jan. 22, 1918, p. 107 (Prachuap Khiri Khan [lat. 

11°50' N., long. 99°50' E.], Prachuap Khiri Khan Province, 

Thailand). 

Range: The central plains and the southwestern and peninsular 

provinces from Kanchanaburi to Prachuap Khiri Khan. 

Micropternus brachyurus squamigularis (Sundevall) 

Picus squamigularis Sundevall, Conspectus avium picinarum, 
1866, p. 89 (Malacca). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kra to the 
extreme South. 

Genus PICUS Linnaeus 

Picus vittatus eisenhoferi Gyldenstolpe 

Picus vittatus eisenhoferi Gyldenstolpe, Orn. Monatsb., jahrg. 24, 

No. 2, February 1916, p. 28 ("Pa Hing" [about lat. 18°15' N., 

long. 99°55' E.], Phrae Province, Thailand). 

Range: The northern plateau, the eastern plateau (along the river 

Mae Khong south to Ubon), and the western provinces (along the 

river Mae Ping south to Nakhon Sawan). 

Picus vittatus eurous Deignan 

Picus vittatus eurous Deignan, Ibis, vol. 97, No. 1, Jan. 1, 1955, 
p. 23 (Khao Sa Bap [lat. 12°35' N., long. 102°15' E.], Chantha- 
buri Province, Thailand). 
Range: The eastern plateau (Sara Buri, Nakhon Ratchasima) and 
the southeastern provinces. 

Picus vittatus connectens (Robinson and Boden Kloss) 

Gecinus vittatus connectens Robinson and Boden Kloss, Bull. 

Brit. Orn. Club, vol. 40, No. 245, Dec. 8, 1919, p. 13 (Sungei 

Kihm and Dayang Bunting, Pulau Langkawi, off the coast of 

Perlis State, Malaya). 

Range: The central plains (Ayiitthaya, Bangkok) and open forests 

of the southwestern provinces from Kanchanaburi to Prachuap Khiri 

Khan. 



86 U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 226 

Picus vittatus viridanus Blyth 

P[icus]. viridanus Blyth, Journ. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, vol. 12, pt. 2, 
No. 143, [not earlier than November] 1843, p. 1000 (Arakan 
Division, Lower Burma). 
Range: Evergreen forests of the southwestern provinces from south- 
ern Tak to Prachuap Khiri Khan. 

Picus vittatus weberi (A. Miiller) 

Gecinus Weberi A. Miiller, Die Ornis der Insel Salanga [Inaugural- 
Dissertation,] ante Oct. 4, 1882, p. 69 (Ko Phuket [lat. 7°50' N., 
long. 98°20' E.], Phuket Province, Thailand). 
Picus viridanus meridianus Boden Kloss, Ibis, ser. 12, vol. 2, No. 4, 
Oct. 1, 1926, p. 689 (Sathani Lam Phila or Lam Phura [lat. 
7°40' N., long. 99°35' E.], Trang Province, Thailand). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Klra to the 
extreme South. 

Picus myrmecophoneus Stresemann 

Picus myrmecophoneus Stresemann, Verh. Orn. Ges. Bayern, band 
14, heft 4, Dec. 11, 1920, p. 289. New name for P[icus]. strio- 
latus Blyth, Journ. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, vol. 12, pt. 2, No. 143, 
[not earher than November] 1843, p. 1000 (Himalayas and cen- 
tral India), not Picus striolatus Macgillivray, 1840, nor Picus 
striolatus Lesson, 1830, 
Range: The southwestern provinces from southern Tak to Prachuap 
Khiri Khan. 

Picus canus gyldenstolpei Stuart Baker 

Picus canus gyldenstolpei Stuart Baker, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 
vol. 39, No. 237, Nov. 30, 1918, p. 19 (Sadiya, Mishmi Hills 
Tribal District, Assam State, India). 
Range: A visitor from the North, reported on migration or in winter 
from the northern plateau (Chiang Mai). 

Picus canus hessei Gyldenstolpe 

Picus canus hessei G3ddenstolpe, Orn. Monatsb., jahrg. 24, No. 2, 
February 1916, p. 28 (Sathani Pha Kho [lat. 18°15' N., long. 
99°55' E.] and Sathani Den Chai [lat. 18°00' N., long. 100°05' 
E.], Phrae Province, Thailand). 
Gecinus canus microrhynchus Robinson and Boden Kloss, Bull. 
Brit. Orn. Club, vol. 40, No. 245, Dec. 8, 1919, p. 12 (Prachuap 
Khiri Khan [lat. 11°50' N., long. 99°50' E.], Prachuap Khiri 
Khan Province, Tliailand). 
Range: The northern and eastern plateaus, the southeastern prov- 
inces, and the western and peninsular provinces south to Prachuap 
Khiri Khan. 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 87 

Picus erythropygius nigrigenis (Hume) 

Gecinus nigrigenis Hume, Proc. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, No. 5, May 
1874, p. 106 (no locality given; "very common about Pahchan, 
Kollidoo, Darguin, and other parts of the Salween and neigh- 
bouring districts of the Tenasserim provinces," Jlde Hume, 
Stray Feathers, vol. 2, No. 4, June 1874, p. 444; type locality 
inferentially restricted to the Pa Chaung [a stream entering 
the Salween from the west at lat. 18°35' N., long. 97°20' E.l, 
by Hargitt, Catalogue of the birds in the British Museum, vol. 
18, 1890, p. 68). 
Range: The northern plateau (excepting Chiang Kai and Phayao) 

and the western provinces south to Kanchanabm'i. 

Picus erythropygius erythropygius (Elliot) 

Gecinus erythropygius Elliot, Nouv. Arch. Mus. [Paris], tome 1, 
fasc. 4, 1865, Bull., p. 76, pi. 3 (Cochin-China). 
Range: Common on the eastern plateau. 

Picus flavinucha flavinucha Gould 

Picus flamnucha Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, pt. 1, No. 11, 
Mar. 12, 1834, p. 120 ("the Himalayan mountains and also 
the lower regions of India"; type locality restricted to Darjee- 
ling, Darjeeling District, Bengal State, India, by "Koelz" 
[Biswas], Amer. Mus. Nov., No. 1452, 1950, p. 5). 
Range: The western provinces from Chaiya Prakan south (along 
the river Mae Ping) to Kamphaeng Phet. 

Picus flavinucha archon Deignan 

Picus flavinucha archon Deignan, U.S. Nat. Mus. Bull. 186, Sept. 
17, 1945, p. 238. New name for Chrysophlegma flavinucha an- 
namensis [sic] Delacour and Jabouille, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 
vol. 48, No. 325, July 10, 1928, p. 130 (Khebon, Vinh Province, 
Annam), not Picus chlorolophus annamensis R. Meinertzhagen, 
1924. 
Range: The eastern provinces of the northern plateau (Phrae, Nan) 
and the northern portion of the eastern plateau (Loei, Sakon Nakhon) 

Picus flavinucha pierrei Oustalet 

Picus {Chrysophlegma) Pierrei Oustalet, Le Naturaliste, ann. 11 
ser. 2, tome 3, No. 47, Feb. 15, 1889, p. 45 (Cochin-China). 
Range: The eastern plateau (excepting areas occupied by the 
preceding form) and the southeastern provinces. 



546-019—63- 



88 U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 2 26 

Picus flavinucha lylei (Boden Kloss) 

ChrysopMegma Havinucha lylei Boden Kloss, Ibis, ser. 10, vol. 6, 

No. 1, Jan. 22, 1918, p. 110 (Prachuap Khiri Khan [lat. 11°50' 

N., long. 99°50' E.], Prachuap Khiri Khan Provmce, Thailand). 

Range: The southwestern and peninsular provinces from Kan- 

chanaburi to Prachuap Khiri Khan. 

Picus puniceus continentis (Robinson and Boden EHoss) 

Brachylophus puniceus continentis "Robinson and Boden Kloss, 

Journ. Federated Malay States Mus., vol. 10, pt. 3, June 

1921, p. 204 (Ban Thap Li [lat. 10°30' N., long 98°50' E.], 

Kanong Province, Thailand). 

Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kra to the 

extreme South. 

Picus chlorolophus chlorolophoides (Gyldenstolpe) 

Brachylophus chlorolophoides Gyldenstolpe, Orn. Monatsb., jahrg. 
24, No. 2, February 1916, p. 29 (Doi Khun Tan [lat. 18°30' 
N., long. 99°20' E.], Lamphun Provmce, Thailand). 
Range: The western provinces from Chiang Rai and Chaiya Prakan 
south to Prachuap Khiri Khan. 

Picus chlorolophus laotianus Delacour 

Picus chlorolophus laotianus Delacour, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, vol. 

47, No. 308, Nov. 6, 1926, p. 12 (Chiang Khwang [lat. 18°30' 

N., long. 99°20' E.], Chiang Khwang Provmce, Laos). 

Range: The eastern provinces of the northern plateau (Lampang, 

Phrae, Nan) and the northwestern portion of the eastern plateau 

(Loei). 

Picus chlorolophus annamensis R. Meinertzhagen 

Picus chlorolophus annamensis R. Meinertzhagen, Bull. Brit. 
Orn. Club, vol. 44, No. 285, Mar. 4, 1924, p. 57 (Da Ban [lat. 
12°38' N., long. 109°06' E.], Pham-ang Province, Annam). 
Cirropicus chlorolophus conjuncius Riley, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash- 
ington, vol. 48, No. 12, May 3, 1935, p. 53 (Khao Sa Bap [lat. 
12°35' N., long. 102°15' E.], Chanthaburi Province, ThaUand). 
Range: The southwestern portion of the eastern plateau and the 
southeastern provinces. 

Picus mentalis humii (Hargitt) 

Chrysophlegma humii Hargitt, Ibis, ser. 6, vol. 1, No. 2, April 
1889, p. 231 (Malacca and Klang [lat. 3°02' N., long. 101°27' 
E.], Selangor State, Malaya). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kra to the 
extreme South. 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 89 

Picus miniaceus perlutus (Boden Kloss) 

CaUolophus mineatus perlutus Boden Kioss, Ibis, ser. 10, vol. 6, 

No. 1, Jan. 22, 1918, p. 110 (Prachuap Khiri IChan [lat. 11°50' 

N., long. 99°50' E.], Prachuap Khiri Khan Province, Thailand). 

Range: The peninsular provinces from Prachuap Kiiiri Khan to the 

Isthmus of Kj-a. 

Picus miniaceus malaccensis Latham 

[Picus] malaccensis Latham, Index ornithologicus, vol. 1, 1790, 
p. 241 (Malacca). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kra to the 
extreme South. 

Genus DINOPIUM Rafinesque 

Dinopium javanense intermedium (Blyth) 

P[icu^]. (T[iga].) intermedius Blyth, Journ. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, 
vol. 14, pt. 1, No. 159, [not earlier than August] 1845, p. 193 
("Nepal, Assam, Sylhet, Tipperah, Arracan, and Tenasserim"; 
"Blyth's type was from north Arracan,"^c?e Stuart Baker, Ibis, 
1919, p. 208; type locality restricted to Ramree Island, Kyauk- 
pyu District, Arakan Division, Bm-ma, by Robinson and 
Boden Kloss, Journ. Nat. Hist. Soc. Siam, vol. 5, No. 2, 1923, 
p. 187). 
Range: Common in every part of the country from Chiang Rai 

south to the Isthmus of Kra. 

Dinopium javanense javanense (Ljungh) 

Picus javanensis Ljungh, Kongl. [Svenska] Vet. Acad. Nya Handl., 
band 18, 1797, p. 137, pi. 6 (Jakarta [Batavia], Java). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kra to the 
extreme South. 

Dinopium rafflesii peninsulare (Hesse) 

Gauropicoides rafflesi peninsularis Hesse, Orn. Monatsb., jahrg. 
19, No. 12, December 1911, p. 192 (Malacca). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Ej-a to the 
extreme South. 

Genus GECINULUS Blyth 

Gecinulus grantia viridis Blyth 

Gecinulus viridis Blyth, Journ. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, vol. 31, No. 
3, [not earlier than June] 1862, p. 341 (Toungoo, Toungoo Dis- 
trict, Pegu Division, Burma). 
Range: Bamboo brakes of the northern plateau (Chiang Mai, 
Lamphun, Lampang), the eastern plateau, the southeastern provinces, 
and the western and peninsular provinces south to the Isthmus of KJra. 



90 U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 226 

Gecinulus grantia robinsoni Boden Kloss 

Gecinulus viridis robinsoni Boden Kloss, Ibis, ser. 10, vol. 6, No. 
1, Jan. 22, 1918, p. 105 ("Mountains of the Selangor-Pahang 
Boundary," Malaya; type specimen from Ginting Bidei [lat. 
3°18' N., long. 10i°50''^E.], Solangor St&te, Jide Kobinson and 
Boden Kloss^ Journ. Nat. Hist, Soc. Siam, vol. 5, No. 2, 1923, 
p. 176). 
Range: Bamboo brakes of the peninsular provinces south of the 
Isthmus of Kra (Phangnga, Krabi). 

Genus MEIGLYPTES Swainson 

Meiglyptes tristis grammithorax (Malherbe) 

Phaiopicus grammithorax Malherbe, Monographie des picidees, 

vol. 2, 1862, p. 12 ("la peninsule Malaise, les iles de la Sonde"; 

type locality here restricted to the Malay Peninsula); op. cit.; 

vol. 3, pi. 48, figs. 4, 5, 6. 

Range: The peninsular provinces from Prachuap Khiri Khan to 

the extreme South. 

Meiglyptes jugularis (Blyth) 

P[icus]. (M[icropternus].) jugularis Blyth, Journ. Asiatic Soc. 

Bengal, vol. 14, pt. 1, No. 159, [not earlier than August] 1845, 

p. 195 (Arakan and Tenasserim Divisions, Burma). 

Range: The southeastern portion of the northern plateau (Lamphun, 

Lampang, Phrae, Nan), the eastern plateau (Loei, Naklion Ratcha- 

sima), the southeastern provinces, and the southwestern provinces 

(southern Tak, Kanchanaburi) . 

Meiglyptes tukki tukki (Lesson) 

Picus tukki Lesson, Revue Zoologiquo, ann. 2, June 1839, p. 167 
(Sumatra). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kra to the 
extreme South. 

Genus MULLERIPICUS Bonaparte 

Miilleripicus pulverulentus harterti Hesse 

Mulleripicus pulverulentus harterti Hesse, Orn. Monatsb., jahrg. 
19, No. 11, November 1911, p. 182 ("Assam, Burma bis Tenas- 
serim"; type specimen from Pya, Upper Chindwin District, 
Sagaing Division, Burma, j^(/e Hesse, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 
vol. 6, 1912, p. 232). 
Range: The northern and eastern plateaus, the southeastern prov- 
inces, and the western and peninsular provinces south to the Isthmus 
of Kra. 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 91 

Miilleripicus pulverulentus celadinus Deignan 

Mulleri'picus pulverulentus celadinus Deignan, Proc. Biol. Soc. 
Washington, vol. 68, No. 23, Oct. 31, 1955, p. 146 (Ban Phra 
Muang [lat. 7°20' N., long. 99°30' E.], Trang Province, Thai- 
land) . 
Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kra south to 
Trang. 

Genus DRYOCOPUS Bole 

Dryocopus javensis feddeni (Blyth) 

Mulleri'picus Feddeni "Blanford" Blyth, Journ. Asiatic Soc. 
Bengal, vol. 32, No. 1, April 1863, p. 75 (Pegu Division, Burma; 
in epist., ibid., vol. 31, 1862, p. 195, Blanford writes: "Of 
Mulleripicus Heddeni [sic, nomen nudum!] I believe that I ob- 
tained one specimen at Thayetmyo, and subsequently I again 
shot it S. of Bassein"). 
Range: The northern and eastern plateaus and the western and 
peninsular provinces south to Prachuap Khiri Khan. 

Dryocopus javensis javensis (Horsfield) 

Picus Javensis Horsfield, Trans, Linn, Soc. London, vol. 13, pt. 1, 
May 1821, p. 175 (Java). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kra to the 
extreme South. 

Genus DENDROCOPOS Koch 

Dendrocopos cathpharius tenebrosus (Rothchild) 

Dryobates cathpharius tenebrosus Rothschild, Nov. Zool., vol. 33, 
No. 3, Dec. 8, 1926, p. 240 (Shweli-Salween Divide, Yunnan 
Province, China). 
Range: Reported only from high elevations in Chaiya Prakan. 

Dendrocopos hyperythrus hyperythrus (Vigors) 

Picus hyperythrus Vigors, Proc. Comm. Sci. Corr. Zool. Soc. 
London, pt. 1, No. 2, Feb. 1, 1831, p. 23 ("Himalayan 
Mountains"; type locality restricted to Nepal, by Hartert, 
Die Vogel der palaarktischen Fauna, band 2, hft. 1, 1912, 
p. 925). 
Range: Reported from the northern plateau (Mae Hong Son, 
Lampang, Phrae). 

Dendrocopos hyperythrus annamensis (Boden Kloss) 

Dryobates hyperythrus annamensis Boden Kloss, Bull. Brit. Orn. 
Club, vol. 46, No. 299, Nov. 4, 1925, p. 7 (Da Ban [lat. 12°38' 
N., long 109°06' E.j, Phanrang Province, Annam). 
Range: Reported only from the southeastern portion of the eastern 
plateau (Ubon). 



92 U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 226 

Dendrocopos atratus (Blyth) 

P[icus]. atratus Blyth, Journ. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, vol. 18, pt. 2, 
for August 1849, p. 803 ("Tenasserim provinces," Burma). 
Range: Mountains of the northern plateau (Chaiya Prakan, Chiang 
Mai, Lamphun, Nan). 

Dendrocopos macei longipennis Hesse 

Dendrocopos anxilis longipennis Hesse, Orn. Monatsb., jahrg. 
20, No. 5, May 1912, p. 82 (Bangkok, Thailand). 
Range: Locally distributed on the northern plateau (Chiang Mai) 
and the central plains (Tak, Kamphaeng Phet, Lop Buri, Bangkok, 
Samut Songkhram, Prachuap Khiri Khan). 

Dendrocopos mahrattensis (Latham) 

P[icus]. Mahrattensis Latham, Index ornithologicus, Suppl., 
1801, p. xxxi (India; type locality restricted to "the Mahratta 
country," ex Latham, General Synopsis of Birds, Suppl. vol, 2, 
1801, p. 142, No. 7). 
Range: Keported only from the central plains (Kamphaeng Phet) . 

Dendrocopos canicapillus canicapillus (Blyth) 

P[icus]. canicapillus Blyth, Journ. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, vol. 14, 
pt. 1, No. 159, [not earlier than August] 1845, p. 197 (Arakan 
Division, Lower Burma; type specimen from Ramree Island, 
Kyaukpyu District, Jide Robinson and Boden Kloss, Journ. 
Nat. Hist. Soc. Siam, vol. 5, No. 1, 1921, p. 177). 
Range: The northern plateau, on the West south to Kamphaeng 
Phet, and the northwestern portion of the eastern plateau. 

Dendrocopos canicapillus delacouri (Meyer de Schauensee) 

Dryobates hardwickii delacouri Meyer de Schauensee, Proc. 
Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, vol. 90, July 21, 1938, p. 110 
(Ban Chanuman [lat. 16°15' N., long. 105°00' E.], Ubon 
Province, Thailand). 
Range: The southern portion of the eastern plateau and the south- 
eastern provinces. 

Dendrocopos canicapillus pumilus (Hargitt) 

lyngipicus pumilus Hargitt, Ibis, ser. 4, vol. 5, No, 20, October 
1881, p. 599 ("in terra Tenasserimensi meridionali" ; type 
specimens from Maliwun [lat. 10°15' N., long. 98°36' E.], 
Mergui District, Tenasserim Division, Lower Burma, fde 
Gates, A handbook of the birds of British Burmah, vol. 2, 1883, 
p. 37). 
Range: The southwestern and peninsular provinces from Kanchana- 
buri southward to Satun. 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 93 

Dendrocopos canicapillus auritus (Eyton) 

Tripsurus auritus Eyton, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., vol. 16, No. 105, 
October 1845, p. 229 (Malacca). 
Range: Keported from the southernmost peninsular provinces 
(Pattani, Yala, Narathiwat). 

Genus HEMICIRCUS Swainson 

Hemicircus concretus sordidus (Eyton) 

Dendrocopus sordidus Eyton, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., vol. 16, 
No. 105, October 1845, p. 229 (Malacca). 
Range: Reported from the peninsular provinces (Nakhon Si 
Thammarat, Trang, Phatthalung) . 

Hemicircus canente (Lesson) 

Picus Canente Lesson, Centurie zoologique, 1830, p. 215, pi. 73 

(Pegu, Pegu District, Pegu Division, Burma). 

Range: The northern plateau (Chiang Rai, Lamphun, Lampang, 

Phrae, Nan), the eastern plateau, the southeastern provinces, the 

central plains, and the western and peninsular provinces from Tak 

to Phangnga. 

Genus BLYTHIPICUS Bonaparte 

Blythipicus pyrrhotis pyrrhotis (Hodgson) 

[Picus] Pyrrhotis Hodgson, Journ. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, vol. 6, pt. 
1, No. 62, February 1837, p. 108 (Nepal). 
Range: Evergreen forests of the northwestern provinces from 
Chaiya Prakan south to Tak. 

Blythipicus pyrrhotis intermedius Delacour 

Blythipicus pyrrhotis intermedius Delacour, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 

vol. 47, No. 316, July 14, 1927, p. 154 (Bac Kan [lat. 22°08' N., 

long. 105°50' E.], Bac Kan Province, Tongking). 

Range: Evergreen forests of the eastern provinces of the northern 

plateau (Nan) and the northwestern portion of the eastern plateau 

(Loei, Phetchabun). 

Blythipicus rubiginosus rubiginosus (Swainson) 

Hemicircus rubiginosus Swainson, The natural history of the birds 

of Western Africa, vol. 2, Sept. 23, 1837, p. 150 ("Western 

Africa," error; type locality corrected to Malacca, by Hart- 

laub, Revue Zoologique, tome 7, 1844, p. 402). 

Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kra to the 

extreme South. 



94 U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 2 26 

Genus CHRYSOCOLAPTES Blyth 

Chrysocolaptes validus xanthopygius Finscli 

Chrysocolaptes xanthopygius P^inscli, Notes from the Leyden Mu- 
seum, vol. 26, Nos. 1-2, July 15, 1905, p. 34 (Long Blu [about 
lat. 0°44' N., long. 114°26' E.], Borneo). 
Range: Reported from the peninsular provinces south of the Isth- 
mus of Kra (Nakhon Si Thammarat, Trang). 

Chrysocolaptes lucidus guttacristatus (Tickell) 

Picus Guttacristatus Tickell, Journ. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, vol. 2, 
No. 23, [not earlier than Dec. 1], 1833, p. 578 ("jungles of 
Borabhum and Dholbhum"=Manbhum and Singhbhum Dis- 
tricts, Bihar State, India). 
Range: The northern and eastern plateaus, the southeastern pro- 
vinces, and the western and peninsular provinces south to the Isthmus 
of Kra. 

Chrysocolaptes lucidus indo-malayicus Hesse 

Chrysocolaptes guttacristatus indo-malayicus Hesse, Orn. Monatsb., 
jahrg. 19, No. 11, November 1911, p. 182 (Ko Phuket [lat. 
7°50' N., long. 98°20' E.l, Phuket Province, Thailand). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kra to the 
extreme South. 

Order PASSERIFORMES 

Family EURYLAIMIDAE 

Genus CORYDON Lesson 

Corydon sumatranus laoensis Meyer de Schauensee 

Corydon sumatranus laoensis Meyer de Schauensee, Proc. Acad. 
Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, vol. 80, February 1929, p. 555 ("the 
Siamese Lao"; type specimen from Doi Suthep [lat. 18°50' N., 
long. 98°55' E.], Chiang Mai Province, Thailand). 
Corydon sumatranus morator Deignan, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washing- 
ton, vol. 60, Oct, 9, 1947, p. 119 (Ban Sichon [lat. 9°00' N., 
long. 99°55' E.], Nakhon Si Thammarat Province, Thailand). 
Corydon sumatranus ardescens Deignan, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washing- 
ton, vol. 60, Oct. 9, 1947, p. 119 (Kliao Sa Bap [lat. 12°35' N., 
long. 102°15' E.], Chanthaburi Province, Thailand). 
Range: The northern and eastern plateaus, the southeastern pro- 
vinces, and the western and peninsular provinces south to Trang. 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 95 

Corydon sumatranus sumatranus (Raffles) 

Coracias Sumatranus Raffles, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, vol. 13, 
pt. 2, [not earlier than November] 1822, p. 303 ("interior of 
Sumatra"). 
Range: The southernmost peninsular provinces (Pattani, Yala, 
Narathiwat). 

Genus CYMBIRHYNCHUS Vigors and Horsfield 

Cymbirhynchus macrorhynchos malaccensis Salvadori 

Cymborhynchus malaccensis Salvadori, Att. Accad. Sci. Torino, 

vol. 9, disp. 3, Mar. 22, 1874, p. 425 (Malacca). 
Cymbirhynchus macrorhynchos siamensis Meyer de Schauensee 
and Ripley, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, vol. 91, May 
23, 1940, p. 338 (Pran Buri pat. 12°25' N., long. 99°55' E.], 
Prachuap Khiri Khan Province, Thailand). 
Range: The eastern plateau (Nakhon Ratchasima), the southeast- 
ern provinces, and the western and peninsular provinces from Tak to 
the extreme South. 

Genus EURYLAIMUS Horsfield 

Eurylaimus javanicus friedmanni Deignan 

Eurylaimus javanicus friedmanni Deignan, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash- 

mgton, vol. 60, No. 27, Oct. 9, 1947, p. 120 (Sathani Hin Lap 

[lat. 14°40' N., long. 101°10' E.], Sara Buri Provmce, Thailand). 

Range: The northern plateau (Chiang Mai, Lamphun, Phrae), the 

eastern plateau (Sakon Nakhon, Nakhon Ratchasima, Sara Buri), 

the southeastern provinces, and the western and peninsular provinces 

south to the Isthmus of Kra. 

Eurylaimus javanicus pallidus Chasen 

Eurylaimus javanicus pallidus Chasen, Bull. Raffles Mus., No. 
10, October 1935, p. 43 (Khao Nong [lat. 8°55' N., long. 99°38' 
E.], Surat Thani Province, Thailand). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of ICra to the 
extreme South. 

Eurylaimus ochromalus ochromalus Raffles 

Eurylaimus ochromalus Raffles, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, vol. 
13, pt. 2, [not earlier than November] 1822, p. 297 ("at Sing- 
apore and in the interior of Sumatra"; type locality restricted 
to Singapore Island, Malaya, by Robinson and Boden lOoss, 
Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, vol. 40, 1919, p. 15). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Era to the 
extreme South. 



96 U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 226 

Genus SERILOPHUS Swainson 

Serilophus lunatus lunatus (Gould) 

Eurylaimus lunatus Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, pt. 1, No. 
12, Apr. 16, 1834, p. 133 ("apud llangoon"; type locality 
corrected to "the hills of the Pegu District," Pegu Division, 
Burma, by Deignan, Journ. Washington Acad. Sci., vol. 38, 
No. 3, Mar. 15, 1948, p. 110). 
Serilophus lunatus intrepidus Deignan, Journ. Washington Acad. 
Sci., vol. 38, No. 3, Mar. 15, 1948, p. 110 ("28 miles southeast 
of Ban Um Phang" or Ban Le Kathe [a village at lat. 15°50' 
N., long. 98°50' E.], Tak Province, ThaHand). 
Range: The northern plateau and the western provinces south to 
Tak. 

Serilophus lunatus aphobus Deignan 

Serilophus lunatus aphohus Deignan, Journ. Washington Acad. 

Sci., vol. 38, No. 3, Mar. 15, 1948, p. 109 (Khao Laem [lat. 

14°25' N., long. 101°30' E.], Nakhon Ratchasima Province, 

Thailand). 

Range: The eastern plateau (Loei, Nakhon Ratchasima) and the 

southeastern provinces (Chon Buri, Chanthaburi, Trat). 

Serilophus lunatus stolidus Robinson and Boden Hoss 

Serilophus lunatus stolidus Robinson and Boden Kloss, Bull. Brit. 

Orn. Club, vol. 40, No. 245, Dec. 8, 1919, p. 16 (Khao Nong 

[lat. 8°55' N., long. 99°38' E.], Surat Thani Province, Thailand). 

Range: The peninsular provinces from Prachuap Khiri Khan south 

to Nakhon Si Thammarat. 

Genus PSARISOMUS Swainson 

Psarisomus dalhousiae assimilis Hume 

P[sarisomu^]. assimilis Hume, Stray Feathers, vol. 3, Nos. 1, 2 
& 3, January 1875, p. 53 (Thayetmyo District, Magwe Divi- 
sion, Burma). 
Range: The northern plateau, on the West south to Tak, and the 
eastern plateau (Loei, Nakhon Phanom, Ubon). 

Psarisomus dalhousiae cyanicauda Riley 

Psarisomus dalhousiae cyanicauda Riley, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash- 
ington, vol. 48, No. 12, May 3, 1935, p. 54 (Khao Sa Bap [lat. 
12°35' N., long. 102°15' E.], Chanthaburi Province, Thailand). 
Range: Reported only from the southeastern provinces (Chan- 
thaburi). 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 97 

Genus CALYPTOMENA Raffles 

Calyptoniena viridis continentis Kobinson and Boden Kloss 

Calyptomena viridis continentis "Robinson and Boden Kloss, Journ. 

Federated Malay States Mus., vol. 11, pt. 1, April 1923, p. 

54 (Ban Tha San [lat. 10°30' N., long. 98°55' E.], Chumphon 

Province, Thailand). 

Range: The peninsular provinces from Prachuap Khiri Khan to 

Trang. 

Calyptomena viridis viridis RaflBes 

Calyptomena viridis Raffles, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, vol. 13, 
pt. 2, [not earlier than November] 1822, p. 295 ("forests of 
Singapore and of the interior of Smnatra"; type locality re- 
stricted to Benkulan District, Sumatra, by Robinson and 
Boden Kloss, Journ. Federated Malay States Mus., vol. 11, 
1923, p. 54). 
Range: The peninsular provinces southward from Trang and Pat- 
tani. 

Family PITTIDAE 
Genus PITTA Vieillot 

Pitta oatesi oatesi (Hume) 

Hydromis Oatesi Hume, Stray Feathers, vol. 1, No. 6, December 

1873, p. 477 ("Eastern Pegu Hills"; type specimens from "the 

evergreen forests which clothe the eastern slopes between 

Tonghoo and Thayetmyo," Toungoo District, Pegu Division, 

Burma, j^(ie Gates, A handbook of the birds of British Burmah, 

vol. 1, 1883, pp. 411-412). 

Range: Reported from the northern plateau (Chiang Mai, 

Lamphun, Lampang) and the northwestern portion of the eastern 

plateau (Loei). 

Pitta soror soror Wardlaw Ramsay 

Pitta (Hydromis) soror Wardlaw Ramsay, Ibis, ser. 4, vol. 5, 
No. 19, July 1881, p. 496 (Saigon [lat. 10°47' N., long. 106°42' 
E.], Cochin-China). 
Range: Reported only from the southeastern provinces (Chantha- 
buri). 

Pitta caerulea caerulea (Raffles) 

Myiothera cserulea Raffles, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, vol. 13, 
pt. 2, [not earlier than November] 1822, p. 301 (Sumatra). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kra to 
Trang. 



98 U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 226 

Pitta moluccensis moluccensis (Statius Miiller) 

Turdus Moluccensis Statius Miiller, Natursystems Supplements- 
und Kcgister-Band, 1776, p. 144 ("in den moluccischen Inseln," 
ex d'Aubenton, pi. 257, error: type locality "corrected" to 
Tenasserim Division, Lower Burma, by Stuart Baker, Journ. 
Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc, vol. 28, 1921, p. 92; here further 
corrected to Malacca). 
Range: Reported whether as a resident or a migrant throughout 
the country from Chiang Rai to the extreme South. 

Pitta moluccensis megarhyncha Schlegel 

Pitta megarhyncha Schlegel, De Vogels van Nederlandsch Indie, 
monogr. 1, Pitta, 1863, pp. 11, 32, pi. 4, fig. 2 (Bangka). 
Range: Mangroves of the western coast and its offshore islands 
from the Isthmus of Kra to the extreme South. 

Pitta sordida cucullata Hartlaub 

Pitta cucullata Hartlaub, Revue Zoologique, ann. 6, March 1843, 
p. 65 (Malacca), 
Range: Reported as a resident or a migrant from the northern 
plateau (Nan), the southeastern pro\nnces, and the western and 
peninsular provinces from Tak to the extreme South. 

Pitta sordida miilleri (Bonaparte) 

[Brachyurus] mulleri Bonaparte, Conspectus generum avium, 
tom. 1, pars 1, June 24, 1850, p. 256 (Celebes, error; type 
locality corrected to Borneo, by Finsch, Notes from the Leyden 
Museum, vol. 26, Nos. 1 and 2, 1905, p. 118; type specimen 
from the Sungei Dusun [Barito] in southeastern Borneo, fide 
Boden Kloss, Treubia, vol. 13, Hvr. 3-4, 1931, p. 332, footnote). 
Range: Reported only from the extreme southern peninsular prov- 
inces (Narathiwat). 

Pitta cyanea cyanea Blyth 

P[itta]. cyanea Blyth, Joiu-n. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, vol. 12, pt. 2, 

No. 143, November 1843, p. 1008 (Arakan Division, Burma). 

Pittxi cyanea peninsularis Meyer de Schauensee, Proc. Acad. Nat. 

Sci. Philadelphia, vol. 98, May 17, 1946, pp. 3 [nomen nudum!], 

41 (Khao Luang [lat. 11°40' N., long. 99°35' E.], Prachuap 

Khiri Khan Province, Thailand). 

Range: The northern plateau and the western and peninsular 

provinces south to Prachuap Khiri Khan. 

Pitta cyanea aurantiaca Delacour and Jabouille 

Pitta cyanea aurantiaca Delacour and Jabouille, Bull. Brit. Orn. 
Club, vol. 48, No. 325, July 10, 1928, p. 130 (Le Boc Kor 
[lat. 10°37' N., long. 104°03' E.], Kampot Province, Cambodia). 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 99 

Range: Reported from the southeastern provinces (Chachoengsao, 
Chanthaburi, Trat). 

Pitta guajana ripleyi Deignan 

Pitta irena ripleyi Deignan, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, vol. 
59, No. 11, Mar. 11, 1946, p. 55 (Khao Soi Dao [lat. 7°20' N., 
long. 99°50' E.j, Trang Province, Thailand). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kra south to 
Trang. 

Pitta gurneyi Hume 

Pitta Gurneyi Hume, Stray Feathers, vol. 3, No. 4, May 1875, 
p. 296, pi. 3 ("the most southern portions of the Tenasserim 
Provinces"; specimens from Lenya, Palaw Tonton, Bankasun, 
and Maliwun, Mergui District, Tenasserim Division, Burma, 
fide Hume and Davison, Stray Feathers, vol. 6, 1878, p. 244). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from Prachuap Khiri Khan south 
to Trang. 

Pitta phayrei (Blyth) 

A[nthocincla]. Phayrei Blyth, Journ. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, vol. 31, 

No. 3, [not earlier than June] 1862, p. 343 (Toungoo, Toungoo 

District, Pegu Division, Burma). 

Range: The northern plateau (Lamphun, Lampang, Phrae, Nan), 

on the East south to Phitsanulok, the northwestern portion of the 

eastern plateau (Loei, Phetchabun), and the southeastern provinces. 

Family ALAUDIDAE 
Genus ALAUDA Linnaeus 

Alauda gulgula herberti Hartert 

Alauda arvensis herberti Hartert, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, vol. 43, 
No. 279, May 28, 1923, p. 149 (Bangkok [lat. 13°45' N., long. 
100°30' E.], Thailand). 
Range: The southeastern provinces and the central plains south to 
Prachuap Khiri Khan. 

Genus MIRAFRA Horsfield 

Mirafra assamica subsessor Deignan 

Mirafra assamica subsessor Deignan, Zoologica, vol. 26, pt. 3, 
Oct. 31, 1941, p. 241 (Chiang Mai [lat. 18°45' N., long. 99°00' 
E.], Chiang Mai Province, Thailand). 
Range: Reported only from the northern plateau (Chiang Mai, 
Lamphun, Lampang). 



100 U.S. NATIONAL JifUSEUM BULLETIN 226 

Mirafra assamica marionae Stuart Baker 

Mirqfra assamica marionx Stuart Baker, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 
vol. 36, No. 211, Dec. 29, 1915, p. 34 (Phra Nakhon Si Ayut- 
thaya [lat. 14°20' N., long. 100°35' E.], Ayutthaya Province, 
Thailand). 
Range: The eastern plateau (Nakhon Phanom, Khon Kaen, Nakhon 
Ratchasima), the southeastern provinces (Chon Buri), and the cen- 
tral plains south to Prachuap Khiri Khan. 

Mirafra javanica williamsoni Stuart Baker 

Mirafra caniillans williamsoni Stuart Baker, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 

vol. 36, No. 210, Dec. 3, 1915, p. 9 (Bangkok [lat. 13°45' N., 

long. 100°30' E.], Thailand). 

Range: Reported from the eastern plateau (Nakhon Ratchasima) 

and the central plains (Bangkok, Naldion Pathom, Nakhon Sawan). 

Family HIRUNDINIDAE 
Genus RIPARIA T. Forster 

Riparia riparia ijimae (Lonnberg) 

Clivicola riparia ijimae Lonnberg, Journ. Coll. Sci. Imp. Univ. 

Tokyo, vol. 23, art. 14, 1908, p. 38 (Tretya Padi, Sakhalin 

Island). 

Range: A visitor from northeastern Asia, reported on migration or 

in winter from the northern plateau (Nan) and the southwestern 

provinces (Tak, Kanchanaburi) . 

Riparia paludicola chinensis (J. E. Gray) 

Hirundo chinensis J. E. Gray, Illustrations of Indian zoology, 

vol. 1, No. 2, Mar. 30, 1830, pi. 35, fig. 3 (no locality given 

= [inferentially] China ; type locality here corrected to Formosa) . 

Range: Reported only along the rivers Sal ween (Mae Hong Son), 

Mae Ping (Tak), and Mae Khong (Chiang Rai, Nong Khai). 

Genus HIRUNDO Linnaeus 

Hirundo concolor Sykes 

Hirundo concolor Sykes, Proc. Comm. Sci. Corr. Zool. Soc. Lon- 
don, pt. 2, No. 18, July 31, 1832, p. 83 (The Deccan, Bombay 
State, India). 
Range: Reported only from the mountains of the northwestern 
provinces (Chiang Mai). 

Hirundo tahitica javanica Sparrman 

Hirundo javanica Sparrman, Museum carlsonianum, fasc. 4, 1789, 
No. C, pi. 100 (Java). 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 101 

Range: Found mainly on islets, along the eastern coast from Trat 
to Prachuap Khiri Khan, and along the western coast from the 
Isthmus of Kra to Satun. 

Hirundo rustica tytleri Jerdon 

Hirundo Tytleri Jerdon, The birds of India, vol. 3, 1864, p. 870 
(Dacca, Dacca District, Bengal Province, East Pakistan). 
Range: A visitor from northeastern Asia, reported on migration or 
in winter from the southeastern provinces (Chanthaburi) and the 
central plains (Bangkok) . 

Hirundo rustica mandschurica Meise 

Hirundo rustica mandschurica Meise, Abh. Ber. Mus. Tierk. 

Volkerk. Dresden, band 18, No. 2, 1934, p. 46 (Harbin, Sung- 

Idang Province, Manchuria). 

Range: A visitor from northeastern Asia, reported on migration or 

in winter from the northern plateau (Chiang Rai, Lampang, Uttaradit). 

Hirundo rustica gutturalis Scopoh 

Hirundo (gutturalis) Scopoli, Deliciae florae et faunae insubricae, 

pt. 2, 1786, p. 96 ("nova Guiana," error; type specimen from 

Antigua, Panay Island, Philippine Islands, Jide Hartert, Die 

Vogel der palaarktischen Fauna, band 1, hft. 6, 1910, p. 803, 

ex Sonnerat) . 

Range: A visitor from the North, reported on migration or in winter 

(July to May, inclusive) throughout the country from Chiang Rai to 

the extreme South. 

Hirundo smithii filifera Stephens 

Hi[rundo].? Jilijera Stephens, in Shaw, General zoology, vol. 13, 
pt. 2, February 1826, p. 78 (India, ex Latham). 
Range: Reported only along the rivers Salween (Mae Hong Son), 
Mae Ping (Chiang Mai) , and Mae Khong (Ubon) . 

Hirundo daurica daurica Laxmann 

Hirundo daurica Laxmann, Kongl. Vet. Acad. Handl., band 30, 
1769, p. 209, pi. 7, fig. C'Singori," Siberia). 
Range: A visitor from northern Asia, reported on migration or in 
winter from the peninsular provinces (Ranong). 

Hirundo daurica mayri Hall 

Hirundo striolata mayri Hall, Ibis, vol. 95, No. 3, July 1, 1953, 
p. 547. New name for [Hirundo striolata] suhstriolata "Hume" 
Mayr, Ibis, ser. 14, vol. 5, No. 3, July 1, 1941, p. 369 (numerous 
localities in Assam, Burma, and Thailand ; lectotype from Sing- 
kahngHkamti [lat. 26°00' N., long. 95°40' E.], Upper Chmdwin 
District, Sagaing Division, Burma), not L[illia]. suhstriolata, 
Hume, 1877, w\iiQh.=Hirundo daurica daurica Laxmann. 



102 U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETEST 226 

Range: A visitor from the North, reported on migration or in winter 
from the northern phxteau (Chiang Rai, Chiang Mai). 

Hirundo daurica Stanford! Mayr 

Hirundo striolata stanfordi Mayr, Ibis, ser. 14, vol. 5, No. 3, July 
1, 1941, p. 367 (Tamu [hit. 25°45' N., long. 98°00' E.], My- 
itkyina District, Kachin State, Burma). 
Range: Reported only from the northern plateau (Chiang Alai). 

Hirundo daurica vernayi Kinnear 

Hirundo daurica vernayi Kinnear, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, vol. 45, 

No. 291, Dec. 5, 1924, p. 27 ("Long Lung" [near Ban Nong Pla 

Lai, lat. 16°05' N., long. 98°45' E.], Tak Province, Thailand). 

Range: Reported only from the southwestern provinces (southern 

Tak, Kanchanaburi) . 

Hirundo daurica badia (Cassin) 

Cecropis badius Cassin, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, vol. 6, 
No. 9, [not earlier than June 28,] 1853, p. 371 (Malacca). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from Surat Thani to the extreme 
South. 

Genus DELICHON Moore 

Delichon urbica lagopoda (Pallas) 

Hirundo Lagopoda Pallas, Zoographia rosso-asiatica, vol. 1, 1811, 
p. 532 ("Dauria"= Transbaikalia, Russian SFSR). 
Range: A visitor from northeastern Asia, reported on migration or 
in winter from the northern plateau (Chiang Mai). 

Delichon dasypus dasypus (Bonaparte) 

[Chelidon] dasypus "Temm." Bonaparte, Conspectus generum 

avium, tom. 1, pt. 2, Feb. 3, 1851, p. 343 (Borneo, ex Tem- 

minck) . 

Range: A visitor from northeastern Asia, reported on migration or 

in winter from the northern plateau (Chiang Mai) and the peninsular 

provinces (Surat Thani). 

Delichon dasypus cashnieriensis (Gould) 

Chelidon Cashmeriensis Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, pt. 26, 
No. 369, Nov. 9, 1858, p. 356 (Kashmir). 
Range: A visitor from the North, reported on migration or in winter 
from the northern plateau (Cliiang Mai). 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 103 

Family CAMPEPHAGIDAE 

Genus HEMIPUS Hodgson 

Hemipus picatus capitalis (McClelland) 

Muscicapa? capitalis McClelland, Proc. Zool. See. London, pt. 7, 
No. 82, March 1840, p. 157 (Assam State, India). 
Range: The greater portion of the northern plateau (northern 
Chiang Rai, Chaiya Prakan, Mae Hong Son, Chiang Mai, Lamphun, 
southern Lampang, southern Phrae). 

Hemipus picatus picatus (Sykes) 

Muscicapa picata Sykes, Proc. Comm. Sci. Corr. Zool. Soc. Lon- 
don, pt. 2, No. 18, July 31, 1832, p. 85 (The Deccan, Bombay 
State, India). 
Range: Tliroughout the country (excepting areas inhabited by the 
preceding form) from southern Chiang Rai to the Isthmus of Kra. 

Hemipus picatus intermedius Salvadori 

Hemipus intermedius Salvadori, Ann. Mus. Civ, Stor. Nat. 
Genova, vol. 14, Apr. 22, 1879, p. 209 (Mount Singgalang 
[lat. 0°24' S., long. 100°20' E.], Sumatra). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kra south 
to Trang. 

Hemipus hirundinaceus (Temminck) 

Muscicapa hirundinaceus Temminck, in Temminck and Laugier, 
Nouveau recueil de planches coloriees d'oiseaux, [livr. 20,] vol. 
3, March 1822, pi. 119, fig. 1, 2, and text (Java). 
Range: Reported from the southern peninsular provinces (Pattani, 
Yala, Narathiwat). 

Genus TEPHRODORNIS Swainson 

Tephrodornis pondicerianus pondicerianus (Gmelin) 

[Muscicapa] pondiceriana Gmelin, Caroli a Linne . . . Systema 
natm-ae, ed. 13, torn. 1, pars 2, 1789, p. 939 ("Coromander' = 
[inferentially] Pondicherry, Madras State, India). 
Tephrodornis pondicerianus thai Boden Kloss and Chasen, Bull. 
Brit. Orn. Club, vol. 46, No. 302, Jan. 30, 1926, p. 58 (Tha 
Chang Tai [lat. 16°5r N., long. 99°03' E.], Tak Province, 
Thailand). 
Range: The northern plateau (excepting Chaiya Prakan, Chiang 
Rai, Phayao), the eastern plateau (provinces bordering the Mae 
Khong from Loei to Ubon), and the western provinces south to 
Kanchanaburi. 

546-019—63 8 



104 U.S. NATIONAL JVIUSEUM BULLETIN 2 26 

Tephrodornis virgatus jugans Deignan 

Tephrodornis gularis jugans Deignan, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 
vol. 61, No. 2, Mar. 4, 1948, p. 13 (DoiLangka=Khao Pha Clio 
[lat. 19°00' N., long. 99°25' E.], Chiang Mai Province, Thai- 
land) . 
Range: The northern plateau and the western provinces south to 
Kamphaeng Phet. 

Tephrodornis virgatus mekongensis Meyer de Schauensee 

Tephrodornis gularis mekongensis Meyer de Schauensee, Proc. 
Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, vol. 98, May 17, 1946, p. 45 
(Ban Chanuman [lat. 16°15' N., long. 105°00' E.], Ubon 
Province, Thailand). 
Range: The eastern plateau and the southeastern provinces. 

Tephrodornis virgatus vernayi Kinnear 

Tephrodornis pelvicus verneyi [sic] Kinnear, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 
vol. 44, No. 289, July 7, 1924, p. 102 (Ban Urn Phang=Ban 
Le Kathe [lat. 15°50' N., long. 98°50' E.], Tak Province, Thai- 
land) . 
Range: The southwestern and peninsular provinces from southern 
Tak to Prachuap Khiri Khan. 

Tephrodornis virgatus annectens Robinson and Boden Kloss 

Tephrodornis pelvica "subsp." annectens "no v." Robinson and 
Boden Kloss, Journ. Federated Malay States Mus., vol. 8, 
pt. 2, December 1918, p. 222 (Ban Lam Ra=Sathani Lam 
Phila or Lam Phura [lat. 7°40' N., long. 99°35' E.], Trang 
Province, Thailand). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kra to 
Pattani. 

Tephrodornis virgatus fretensis Robinson and Boden Kloss 

Tephrodornis pelvica fretensis Robinson and Boden Kloss, Journ. 

Straits Branch Royal Asiatic Soc, No. 81, March 1920, p. 109 

(Gunong Angsi [about lat. 2°41' N., long. 102°03' E.], Negri 

Sembilan State, Malaya). 

Range: Reported only from the southernmost provinces (Nara- 

thiwat) . 

Genus CORACINA Vieillot 

Coracina polioptera indochinensis (Boden Kloss) 

Lalage fimhriata indochinensis Boden Kloss, Bull. Brit. Orn. 
Club, vol. 46, No. 299, Nov. 4, 1925, p. 7 (Dran [lat. 11°49' N., 
long. 108°38' E.], Haut-Donai Province, Annam). 
Range: The northern and eastern plateaus and the western prov- 
inces south to Kamphaeng Phet. 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 105 

Coracina polioptera polioptera (Bowdler Sharpe) 

Campophaga polioptera Bowdler Sharpe, Catalogue of the birds 
in the British Museum, vol. 4, 1879, p. 69, pi. 2 (Cochin-China) . 
Range: The southwestern provinces from Kanchanaburi to Pra- 
chuap Khiri Khan. 

Coracina melaschista intermedia (Hume) 

Volvocivora intermedia Hume, Stray Feathers, vol. 5, Nos. 3 & 4, 

August 1877, p. 205 (Tenasserim and Pegu Divisions, Burma). 

Volvocivora koratensis Boden Kloss, Ibis, ser. 10, vol. 6, No. 2, 

Apr. 9, 1918, p. 193 (Sathani Lat Bua Khao [lat. 14°50' N., 

long. 101°35' E.], Nakhon Ratchasima Province, Thailand). 

Range: A visitor from the North, reported on migration or in winter 

from the eastern plateau, the southeastern provinces, the central 

plains, and the southwestern provinces from Kanchanaburi to the 

Isthmus of Kra. 

Coracina melaschista avensis (Blyth) 

C[ampephaga]. avensis Blyth, Catalogue of the birds in the 

Museum Asiatic Society, 1849, p. 327. New name for C[am- 

pephaga]. melanoptera Blyth, Journ Asiatic Soc. Bengal, vol. 

15, No. 172, 1846, p. 307 (Arakan Division, Burma), not 

Ceblepyris (typus) melanoptera RiippeU, 1839. 

Range: Resident on the northern plateau, on migration or in winter 

reported also from the eastern plateau, the southeastern provinces, 

and the western and peninsular provinces south to the Isthmus of Kra. 

Coracina melaschista melaschista (Hodgson) 

[Volvocivora] Melaschistos Hodgson, India Review and Journal of 
Foreign Science and the Arts, vol. 1, No. 8, November 1836, 
p. 328 (Nepal). 
Range: A visitor from the North, reported on migration or in winter 
from the northern plateau (Chiang Rai) . 

Coracina melaschista saturata (Swinhoe) 

Volvocivora saturata Swinhoe, Ibis, ser. 2, vol. 6, No. 22, April 
1870, p. 242 (Hainan). 
Range: A visitor from the Northeast, reported on migration or in 
winter from the northern plateau (Lamphun). 

Coracina fimbriata neglecta (Hume) 

Volvocivora neglecta Hume, Stray Feathers, vol. 5, Nos. 3 & 4, 
August 1877, p. 203 ("in the extreme south of the Tenasserim 
Provinces"; specimens from various localities in the Mergui 
District, Tenasserim Division, Burma, listed by Hume and 
Davison, Stray Feathers, vol. 6, 1878, p. 210). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kra to Trang, 



106 U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 2 26 

Coracina fimbriata culminata (Hay) 

Ceblepyris Culminatus Hay, Madi*as Journal of Literature and Sci- 
ence, vol. 13, pt. 2, No. 31, [not earlier than Aug. 9,] 1845, 
p. 157 (Malacca). 
Range: Reported from the southernmost peninsular provinces (Pat- 
tani, Yala, Narathiwat). 

Coracina novaehoUandiae siamensis (Stuart Baker) 

Graucalus macei siamensis Stuart Baker, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 
vol. 38, No. 233, Apr. 30, 1918, p. 69 (Ban Kabin Buri [lat. 
14°00' N., long. 101 °45' E.], Prachin Buri Province, Thailand). 
Range: The northern and eastern plateaus, the southeastern provin- 
ces, the central plains, and the western and peninsular provinces 
south to the Isthmus of Kra. 

Coracina striata sumatrensis (S. Miiller) 

Cehl[epyris]. sumatrensis S. Miiller, Verhandelingen over de 

Natuurlijke Geschiedenis der Nederlandsche overzeesche Be- 

zittingen . . . Land- en Volkenkunde, pt. 6, June 12, 1843, p. 

190, footnote (Sumatra). 

Artamides sumatrensis messeris Oberholser, Journ. Washington 

Acad. Sci., vol. 16, No. 19, Nov. 18, 1926, p. 517 (Ban Na Klua 

[lat. 7°20' N., long. 99°30' E.l, Trang Province, Thailand). 

Range: Reported only from the southern peninsular provinces 

(Trang). 

Genus LALAGE Bole 

Lalage nigra striga (Horsfield) 

Ceblephyris striga Horsfield, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, vol. 13, 
pt. 1, May 1821, p. 145 (Java). 
Range: Reported only from the southern peninsular provinces 
(Phatthalung, Songkhla, Narathiwat). 

Genus PERICROCOTUS Bole 

Pericrocotus divaricatus divaricatus (Raffles) 

Lanius divaricatus Raffles, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, vol. 13, 

pt. 2, [not earlier than November] 1822, p. 305 ("found at 

Singapore; but it is also known in Sumatra"). 

Range: A visitor from northeastern Asia, reported on migration or 

in winter from the northern plateau (Chiang Rai, Lampang), the 

eastern plateau, the southeastern provinces, the central plains, and the 

peninsular provinces from Prachuap Khiri Khan to Trang. 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 107 

Pericrocotus roseus cantonensis Swinhoe 

Pericrocotus cantonensis Smnhoe, Ibis, vol. 3, No. 9, January 
1861, p. 42 (Canton, Kwangtung Province, China). 
Range: A visitor from the North, reported on migration or in winter 
from the northern and eastern plateaus, the central plains, and the 
western and peninsular provinces south to Trang. 

Pericrocotus roseus roseus (Vieillot) 

Muscicapa rosea Vieillot, Nouveau dictionnaire d'histoire na- 
turelle, nouv. ^d., tome 21, May 1818, p. 486 (Bengal State, 
India) . 
Range: A visitor from the North, reported on migration or in winter 
from the northern and eastern plateaus, the central plains, and the 
peninsular provinces (Phuket). 
Pericrocotus cinnamomeus thai Deignan 

Pericrocotus peregrinus thai Deignan, Journ. Washington Acad. 
Sci., vol. 37, No. 7, July 15, 1947, p. 254 (Ban Luang [lat. 
18°25' N., long. 98°40' E.], Chiang Alai Province, Thailand). 
Range: Reported from the northern and eastern plateaus. 

Pericrocotus cinnamomeus vividus Stuart Baker 

Perecrocotus [sic] peregrinus vividus Stuart Baker, Bull. Brit. Orn. 
Club, vol. 40, No. 250, Apr. 30, 1920, p. 114 (''Attaran Kiver," 
Amherst District, Tenasserim Division, Burma; type locality 
restricted to Pabyouk ["a village near a group of isolated lime- 
stone rocks on the right bank of the Attaran K. about 22 miles 
in a direct line S.E. of Moulmein," fide Hume and Davison, 
Stray Feathers, vol. 6, 1878, p. 5231, by Deignan, Journ. Wash- 
ington Acad. Sci., vol. 37, 1947, p. 255). 
Range: Reported from the southwestern provinces (Kanchanaburi) 

and the central plains. 

Pericrocotus cinnamomeus sacerdos Riley 

Pericrocotus peregrinus sacerdos Riley, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washing- 
ton, vol. 53, No. 27, Nov. 8, 1940, p. 131 (Phum Sambor [lat. 
12°53' N., long. 105°04' E.], Kompong Thom Province, Cam- 
bodia). 
Range: Reported from the northern peninsular provinces (Prachuap 
Khiri Khan). 

Pericrocotus cinnamomeus separatus Deignan 

Pericrocotus peregrinus separatus Deignan, Journ. Washington 

Acad. Sci., vol. 37, No. 7, July 15, 1947, p. 255 (Tanjong 

Badak [lat. 10°06' N., long. 98°3r E.l, Alergui District, 

Tenasserim Division, Bm^ma). 

Range: Reported along the western coast from the Pak Chan 

Estuary to the Takua Pa Inlet (Ranong, Phangnga). 



108 U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 226 

Pericrocotus cinnamomeus igneus Blyth 

P[ericrocotits]. igneus Blyth, Journ. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, vol. 15, 
No. 172, 1846, p. 309 (Malacca). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Era to the 
extreme South. 

Pericrocotus Solaris rubro-limbatus Salvador! 

Pericrocotus ruhro-limhatus Salvador!, Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. 

Genova, ser. 2, vol. 5, Dec. 12, 1887, pp. 515, 582 (Mulayit 

Taung [lat. 16°11' N., long. 98°32' E.], Amherst District, 

Tenasserim Division, Burma). 

Range: "Reported from the western portion of the northern plateau 

(Chaiya Prakan, Chiang Mai, Lamphun, Tak) and the northwestern 

portion of the eastern plateau (Loei). 

Pericrocotus Solaris nassovicus Deignan 

Pericrocotus Solaris nassovicus Deignan, Auk, vol. 55, No. 3, July 
12, 1938, p. 509 (Khao Kuap [lat. 12°25' N., long. 102°50' 
E.j, Trat Province, Thailand). 
Range: "Reported only from the southeastern provinces (Trat). 

Pericrocotus brevirostris neglectus Hume 

Pericrocotus neglectus Hume, Stray Feathers, vol. 5, Nos. 3 & 4, 

August 1877, pp. 171, 189 (Mulayit Taung [lat. 1Q°1V N., long. 

98°32' E.] and Mitan [lat. 16°00' N., long 98°24' E.], Amherst 

District, Tenasserim Division, Burma). 

Range: Reported only from the western provinces of the northern 

plateau (Chiang Mai). 

Pericrocotus ethologus ethologus Bangs and PhUlips 

Pericrocotus brevirostris ethologus Bangs and Phillips, Bull. Mus. 
Comp. ZooL, vol. 58, No. 6, April 1914, p. 282 (Hsien Shan, 
Hupeh Province, China). 
Range: A visitor from the North, reported on migration or in 
winter from the northern plateau and the northwestern portion of the 
eastern plateau (Loei). 

Pericrocotus ethologus ripponi Stuart Baker 

Pericrocotus Solaris ripponi Stuart Baker, Fauna of British India, 
Birds, ed. 2, vol. 2, May 7, 1924, p. 327 ("E. of Fort Stedman"= 
Mong Hsawk [lat. 20°34' N., long. 96°57' E.l, Yawnghwe 
State, Southern Shan State, Burma). 
Pericrocotus ethologus cry plus Mayr, Ibis, ser. 14, vol. 4, No. 4, 
Oct. 11, 1940, p. 719 (Do! Pha Hom Pok [lat. 20°05' N., long. 
99°10' E.], Chaiya Prakan Province, Thailand). 
Range: Reported from the western provinces of the northern pla- 
teau (Chaiya Prakan, Chiang Mai, Lamphun). 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 109 

Pericrocotus flammeus elegans (McClelland) 

Phoenicornis elegans McClelland, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, pt. 7, 
No. 82, March 1840, p. 156 (Assam State, India; type locality- 
restricted to ''the neighborhood of Sadiya," Mishmi Hills Tri- 
bal District, by Deignan, Auk, vol. 63, 1946, p. 524, and cor- 
rected to Shillong, by Sdlim Ali and Ripley, Jo urn. Bombay 
Nat. Hist. Soc, vol. 48, No. 1, December 1948, p. 19). 
Range: A visitor from the North, reported on migration or in winter 
from the northern plateau (Chiang Mai, Lamphun). 

Pericrocotus flammeus semiruber Whistler and Kinnear 

Pericrocotus speciosus semiruber Whistler and Kinnear, Jo urn. 
Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc, vol. 36, No. 2, Apr. 15, 1933, pp. 340, 
341 (Sankrametta, South Visakhapatnam District, Andhra 
State, India). 
Pericrocotus flammeus suchitrae Deignan, Auk, vol. 63, No. 4, 
Oct. 25, 1946, p. 530 (Doi Khun Tan [lat. 18°30' N., long. 
99°20' E.], Lamphun Province, Thailand). 
Range: The northern and eastern plateaus and the southeastern 
provinces. 

Pericrocotus flammeus flammifer Hume 

[Pericrocotus] jlammijer Hume, Stray Feathers, vol. 3, No. 4, 
May 1875, p. 321, footnote ([region of] Pak Chan [Estuary], 
Mergui District, Tenasserim Division, Burma). 
Range: The southwestern and peninsular provinces from southern 
Tak to the extreme South. 

Family CHLOROPSEIDAE 

Genus AEGITHINA VieiUot 

Aegithina viridissima viridissima (Bonaparte) 

J[ora]. viridissima "Temm. Mus. Lugd." Bonaparte, Conspectus 

generum avium, tom. 1, pars 2, Feb. 3, 1851, p. 397 ("ex Sumatr. 

Borneo"; type locality inferentially restricted to Sumatra, by 

Oberholser, Smithsonian Misc. Coll., vol. 60, No. 7, 1912, p. 10). 

Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kra to the 

extreme South. 

Aegithina tiphia philipi Oustalet 

j^ githina Philipi Oustolet, Nouv. Arch. Mus. [Paris], ser. 2, tome 

8, fasc. 2, 1886, p. 285 (Hue [lat. 16°29' N., long. 107°34' E.], 

Hue Province, Annam). 

Range: The northern plateau (on the West south to Nakhon Sawan) 

and the northern portion of the eastern plateau (along the Mae Khong 

as far as Ubon). 



110 U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 226 

Aegithina tiphia cambodiana Hall 

Aegithina tiphia cambodiana Hall, Ibis, vol. 99, No. 2, Apr. 1, 

1957, p. 150 (Siem Reap [lat. 13°22' N., long. 103°51' E.], Siem 

Heap Province, Cambodia). 

Range: The southwestern portion of the eastern plateau (Nakhon 

Ratchasima), the southeastern provinces, and the southern portion 

of the central plains east of the Chao Phaya. 

Aegithina tiphia horizoptera Oberholser 

Aegithina tiphia horizoptera Oberholser, Smithsonian Misc. Coll., 

vol. 60, No. 7, Oct. 26, 1912, p. 9 (Beluku Bay [lat. 1°23' N., 

long. 97°33' E.], Nias Island). 

Range: The southern portion of the central plains west of the Chao 

Phaya and the southwestern and peninsular provinces from Kanchana- 

buri to the extreme South. 

Aegithina lafresnayei innotata (Blyth) 

I[ora]. innotata Blyth, Jom-n. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, vol. 16, pt. 1, 
[not earlier than May] 1847, p. 472 (Arakan Division, Burma). 
Range: The northern and eastern plateaus, the southeastern prov- 
inces, and the western and peninsular provinces south to the Isthmus 
of Kra. 

Aegithina lafresnayei lafresnayei (Hartlaub) 

lora Lafresnayei Hartlaub, Revue Zoologique, ann. 7, November 
1844, p. 401 (Malacca). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kra to the 
extreme South. 

Genus CHLOROPSIS Jardine and Selby 

Chloropsis cyanopogon septentrionalis Robinson and Boden Kloss 

Chloropsis cyanopogon septentrionalis Robinson and Boden Kloss, 

Journ. Nat. Hist. Soc. Siam, vol. 3, No. 2, Feb. 25, 1919, p. 107 

(Ban Nong Kok [lat. 8°26' N., long. 98°48' E.], Krabi Province, 

Thailand). 

Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kra south 

to Trang and Phatthalung. 

Chloropsis cyanopogon cyanopogon (Temminck) 

Phyllornis cyanopogon Temminck, in Temminck and Laugier, 

Nouveau recueil de planches coloriees d'oiseaux, [livr. 81,] vol. 

4, October 1829, pi. 512, fig. 1, and text (Palembang [lat. 

3°00' S., long. 104°44' E.], Smnatra). 

Range: Reported from the southerimiost peninsular provinces (Yala, 

Narathiw^at). 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 111 

Chloropsis sonnerati zosterops Vigors 

Chlor[opsis]. zosterops [Vigors], in Raffles, Memoir of the life and 
public services of Sir T. S. Raffles . . ., 1830, p. 674 ([Sumatra]). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kra to the 
extreme South, 

Chloropsis aurifrons pridii Deignan 

Chloropsis aurifrons pridii Deignan, Smithsonian Misc. Coll., 

vol. 106, No. 12, June 24, 1946, p. 2 (Doi Ang Ka or Doi 

Inthanon [lat. 18°35' N., long. 98°30' E.], Chiang Mai Province, 

ThaHand). 

Range: Reported from all parts of the northern plateau, on the 

West south to northern Tak. 

Chloropsis aurifrons inornata Boden Kloss 

Chloropsis aurifrons inornatus [sic] Boden Kloss, Ibis, ser. 10, 
vol. 6, No. 2, Apr. 9, 1918, p. 198 (Sathani Lat Bua Khao and 
Prachuap Khiri Khan, Thailand; type specimen from Sathani 
Lat Bua Khao [lat. 14°50' N., long. 101°35' E.], Nakhon 
Ratchasima Province, j^c^e Boden Kloss, torn, cit., No. 3, 1918, 
p. 518). 
Range: The greater part of the eastern plateau, the southeastern 

provinces (Chon Buri), and the northern provinces of the central plains 

(Phetchabun, Kamphaeng Phet, Nakhon Sawan). 

Chloropsis aurifrons incompta Deignan 

Chloropsis aurifrons incompta Deignan, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash- 
ington, vol. 61, No. 2, Mar. 4, 1948, p. 14 ("the southern 
slopes of the Lang Bian Plateau between Dalat and Ban Meth- 
uot," Haut-Donai Province, Annam). 
Range : The southwestern provinces from Kanchanaburi to Prachuap 
Khiri Khan. 

Chloropsis cochinchinensis chlorocephala (Walden) 

Phyllornis chlorocephalus Walden, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 4, 
vol. 7, No. 39, March 1871, p. 241 (near Toungoo, Tomigoo 
District, Pegu Division, Burma). 
Range: The northern plateau and the western and peninsular prov- 
inces south to the Isthmus of Kra. 

Chloropsis cochinchinensis kinneari Hall and Deignan 

Chloropsis cochinchinensis kinneari Hall and Deignan, Bull. Brit. 
Orn. Club, vol. 76, No. 6, Sept. 1, 1956, p. 96 (Bao Ha [lat. 
22°10' N., long. 104°21' E.], Yenbay Province, Tongkmg). 
Range: The northern portion of the eastern plateau (Loei, Sakon 
Nakhon, Nakhon Phanom). 



112 U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETEST 2 26 

Chloropsis cochinchinensis cochinchinensis (Gmelin) 

[Turdus] cochinchinensis Gmelin, Caroli a Linne , . . Systema 
naturae, ed. 13, torn. 1, pars 2, 1789, p. 825 (Cochin-China) . 
Range: The southwestern portion of the eastern plateau and the 
southeastern provinces. 

Chloropsis cochinchinensis seri-thai Deignan 

Chloropsis cochinchinensis seri-thai Deignan, Smithsonian Misc. 

Coll., vol. 106, No. 12, June 24, 1946, p. 1 (Ban Tha Lo [about 

lat. 9°05' N., long. 99°15' E.], Surat Thani Province, Thailand). 

Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kra south 

to Trang. 

Chloropsis cochinchinensis moluccensis J. E. Gray 

Chloropsis Moluccensis J. E. Gray, Zoological Miscellany, No. 1, 
1831, p. 33 ("Molucca," error; type locality corrected to Ma- 
lacca, by Deignan, Smithsonian Misc. Coll., vol. 106, No. 12, 
1946, p. 2). 
Range: Reported from the southernmost peninsular provinces (Pat- 
tani, Yala, Narathiwat). 

Chloropsis hardwickii hardwickii Jardine and Selby 

[Chloropsis] Hardwickii Jardine and Selby, Illustrations of orni- 
thology, ser. 1, vol. 2, pt. 7, "Addenda, etc.," p. [131], footnote 
(Nepal). 
Range: Reported only from the mountains of the northern plateau. 

Family PYCNONOTIDAE 
Genus SPIZIXOS Blyth 

Spizixos canifrons ingrami Bangs and Phillips 

Spizixvs canifrons ingrami Bangs and Phillips, Bull. Mus. Comp. 
Zool., vol. 58, No. 6, April 1914, p. 285 (Mengtsz [lat. 23°23' 
N., long. 103°27' E.], Yunnan Province, China). 
Range: Reported from the mountains of the northern plateau 
(Chiang Rai, Chaiya Prakan, Chiang Mai, Nan). 

Genus PYCNONOTUS Bole 

Pycnonotus zeylanicus (Gmelin) 

[Sturnus] zeylanicus Gmelin, Caroli a Linne . . . Systema natu- 
rae, ed. 13, tom. 1, pars 2, 1789, p. 804 ("in Zeylon," ex Latham, 
error; type locality inferentially corrected to Java, by Robinson 
and Boden Kloss, Journ. Nat. Hist. Soc. Siam, vol. 5, No. 3, 
1924, p. 272). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kra to the 
extreme South. 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 113 

Pycnonotus striatus paulus (Bangs and Phillips) 

Alcurus striatus paulus Bangs and Phillips, Bull. Mus. Comp. 
Zool., vol. 58, No. 6, April 1914, p. 284 (Loukouchai, Yunnan 
Province, China). 
Range: Reported from the mountains of the northern plateau 
(Chaiya Prakan, Chiang Alai, Nan). 

Pycnonotus nielanoleucos (Eyton) 

Microtarsus melanoleucos Eyton, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, pt. 7, 
No. 78, November 1839, p. 102 ([Malaya]). 
Range: Reported only from the southernmost peninsular provinces 
(Narathiwat). 

Pycnonotus atriceps atriceps (Temminck) 

Turdus atriceps Temminck, in Temminck and Laugier, Nouveau 
recueil de planches coloriees d'oiseaux, [livr. 25,] vol. 2, August 
1822, pi. 147 and text ("Java . . . Sumatra"; type locality 
restricted to Java, by Robinson and Boden lOoss, Jo urn. Fed- 
erated Malay States Mus., vol. 11, 1923, p. 55). 
Range: Throughout the country from Chiang Rai to the extreme 
South. 

Pycnonotus melanicterus vantynei Deignan 

Pycnonotus dispar vantynei Deignan, Journ. Washington Acad. 

Sci., vol. 38, No. 7, Aug. 2, 1948, p. 246 (Phongtho [lat. 22°32' 

N., long. 103°20' E.], Laokay or Laichau Province, Tongking). 

Range: Apparently resident in the northernmost provinces of the 

northern plateau (Chaiya Prakan, Chiang Kai, Phayao), but also 

reported, on migration or in winter, from Chiang Mai and from the 

eastern plateau (Sakon Nakhon, Ubon). 

Pycnonotus melanicterus xanthops Deignan 

Pycnonotus dispar xanthops Deignan, Journ. Washington Acad. 
Sci., vol. 38, No. 7, Aug. 2, 1948, p. 246 (Ban Mae [lat. 18°40' 
N., long. 98°50' E.], Chiang Mai Provmce, Thailand). 
Range: The northern plateau (excepting areas inhabited by the 
preceding form), on the West south to Kamphaeng Phet. 

Pycnonotus melanicterus auratus Deignan 

Pycnonotus dispar auratus Deignan, Joiu-n. Washington Acad. 

Sci., vol. 38, No. 7, Aug. 2, 1948, p. 246 (Muang Lom Sak 

[lat. 16°45' N., long. 101°10' E.], Phetchabun Provmce, 

Thailand). 

Range: The northern portion of the eastern plateau (Phetchabun, 

Loei, Sakon Nakhon, Nakhon Phanom). 



114 U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 2 26 

Pycnonotus melanicterus johnsoni (Gyldenstolpe) 

Rubigula johnsoni Gyldenstolpe, Kungl. Svenska Vet.-Akad. 

Haiidl., band 50, No. 8, July 19, 1913, p. 25, pi. 1, fig. 3 (near 

Ban Chakkrarat [lat. 15°00' N., long. 102°25' E.], Nakhon 

Katchasima Province, Tliailand). 

Range: The southern portion of the eastern plateau (Ubon, Nakhon 

Katchasima), the southeastern provinces, and the southeastern part 

of the central plains (Lop Buri). 

Pycnonotus melanicterus elbeli Deignan 

Pycnonotus melanicterus elbeli Deignan, Journ. Washington Acad. 
Sci., vol. 44, No. 4, May 3, 1954, p. 123 (Ko Kut [lat. 11°40' 
N., long. 102°35' E.], Trat Province, Thailand). 
Range: Islets off the coast of the southeastern provinces (Ko Kut, 
Ko Chang). 

Pycnonotus melanicterus negatus Deignan 

Pycnonotus melanicterus negatus Deignan, Journ. Washington 

Acad. Sci., vol. 44, No. 4, Aiay 3, 1954, p. 123 (Ban Hm Laem 

[lat. 14°40' N., long. 98°40' E.], Kanchanaburi Province, 

Thailand). 

Range: Reported from the southwestern provinces (Kanchanaburi). 

Pycnonotus melanicterus caecilii Deignan 

Otocompsa flaviventris minor Boden Kloss, Ibis, ser. 10, vol. 6, 
No. 2, Apr. 9, 1918, p. 200 (Praclmap Khiri Khan [lat. 11°50' 
N., long. 99°50' E.], Prachuap Khiri Khan Province, Thailand). 
Preoccupied by [Pycnonotus nigricans] Var. minor von Heuglin, 
1869! 
Pycnonotus dispar caecilii Deignan, Journ. Washington Acad. 
Sci., vol. 38, No. 7, Aug. 2, 1948, p. 247 (Trang Province [ca. 
lat. 7°-8° N.], Thailand). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from Prachuap Khiri Khan to 
Trang. 

Pycnonotus squamatus weberi (Hume) 

Ixidia webberi [sic] Hume, Stray Feathers, vol. 8, No. 1, April 
1879, p. 40 ("interior of the Tonka territories," Phuket Prov- 
ince, Thailand). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kra to Trang. 

Pycnonotus cyaniventris cyaniventris Blyth 

P[ycnonotus].? cyaniventris Blyth, Journ. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, vol. 
11, pt. 2, No. 128, [not earlier than December] 1842, p. 792 
(Singapore Island, Malaya). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kra to Trang. 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 115 

Pycnonotus jocosus pattani Deignan 

Pycnonotus jocosus pattani Deignan, Journ. Washington Acad. 
Sci., vol. 38, No. 8, Aug. 23, 1948, p. 280 (Pattani [lat. 6°50' 
N., long. 101°15' E.], Pattani Province, Thailand). 
Range: Throughout the country (excepting the southwestern prov- 
inces), from Chiang Rai to the extreme South. 

Pycnonotus jocosus emeria (Linnaeus) 

[Motacilla] Emeria Linnaeus, Systema natiu'ae, ed. 10, tom. 1, 
1758, p. 187 (Bengal State, India). 
Range: Reported only from the southwestern provinces (Kan- 
chanaburi). 

Pycnonotus aurigaster latouchei Deignan 

Pycnonotus aurigaster latouchei Deignan, Journ. Washington 
Acad. Sci., vol. 39, No. 8, Aug. 16, 1949, p. 275 (Lai Chau [lat. 
22°02' N., long. 103°10' E.], Lai Chau Province, Tongking). 
Range: Reported only from the Mae Khong drainage of the north- 
ern plateau (Chiang Rai). 

Pycnonotus aurigaster klossi (Gyldenstolpe) 

Molpastes atricapillus klossi "Robinson" [Gyldenstolpe], Bull. 

Brit. Orn. Club, vol. 41, No. 253, Nov. 9, 1920, p. 12 (Doi 

Khun Tan [lat. 18°30' N., long. 99°20' E.], Lamphun Province, 

Thailand); ibid., vol. 42, No. 263, Nov. 29, 1921, p. 32. 

Range: The northern plateau (excepting the Mae Khong drainage), 

on the West south to Nakhon Sawan, and the northwestern portion 

of the eastern plateau (Loei, Phetchabun). 

Pycnonotus aurigaster schauenseei Delacour 

Pycnonotus cafer schauenseei Delacour, Zoologica, vol. 28, pt. 1, 
No. 5, May 4, 1943, p. 29 (Ban Si Sawat [lat. 14°40' N., long. 
99°02' E.], Kanchanaburi Province, Thailand). 
Range: Reported from the southwestern provinces (southern Tak, 
Kanchanaburi). 

Pycnonotus aurigaster thais (Boden Kloss) 

Molpastes aurigaster thais Boden Kloss, Journ. Nat. Hist. Soc. 

Siam, vol. 6, No. 3, July 15, 1924, p. 291 (Bangkok [lat. 13°45' 

N., long. 100°30' E.], Thailand). Yellow-vented variety! 
Pycnonotus cajer deignani Delacour, Zoologica, vol. 28, pt. 1, No. 

5, May 4, 1943, p. 29 (Chanthaburi [lat. 12°35' N., long. 

102°05' E.], Chanthaburi Province, Thailand). Yellow-vented 

variety! 



116 U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 226 

Pycnonotus aurigaster innitens Deignan, Journ. Washington Acad. 

Sci., vol. 39, No. 8, Aug. 16, 1949, p. 276 (Ban Pak Chong [lat. 

14°40' N., long. 101 °25' E.], Naldion Ratchasima Province, 

Thailand). Red-vented variety! 

Range: The southern portion of the central plains, the southeastern 

provinces, and the southwestern portion of the eastern plateau. 

Pycnonotus aurigaster germani (Oustalet) 

Ixiis Germani Oustalet, Bull. Soc. Philom. Paris, ser. 7, tome 2, 
No. 1, 1878, p. 54 (Saigon, Cochin-China). 
Range: Reported from the southeastern portion of the eastern 
plateau (Ubon). 

Pycnonotus eutilotus (Jardine and Selby) 

Brachypus eutilotus Jardine and Selby, Illustrations of orni- 
thology, new ser.. No. 1, February 1837, pi. 3 and text (Singa- 
pore Island, Malaya). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from Nakhon Si Thammarat to 
the extreme South. 

Pycnonotus finlaysoni eous Riley 

Pycnonotus finlaysoni eous Riley, Proc. Biol, Soc. Washington, 

vol. 53, No. 27, Nov. 8, 1940, p. 133 (Col des Nuages [lat. 

16°ir N., long. 108°08' E.], Annam). 

Range: The eastern portion of the northern plateau, the eastern 

plateau, the southeastern provinces, the southwestern provinces from 

Ksmphaeng Phet to Prachuap Khiri Khan, and the island Ko Phangan 

[lat. 9°45' N., long 100°00' E.]. 

Pycnonotus finlaysoni finlaysoni Strickland 

Pycnonotus Finlaysoni Strickland, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., vol. 13, 

No. 86, June 1844, p. 411 ("Probably from some of the Malasian 

islands"; type locality corrected to Malacca, by Hartert, Nov. 

Zool., vol. 9, 1902, p. 560). 

Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kra to the 

extreme South. 

Pycnonotus flavescens vividus (Stuart Baker) 

Xanthiscus flavescens vivida [sic] Stuart Baker, Bull. Brit, Orn. 

Club, vol. 38, No. 228, Dec. 4, 1917, p. 16 (Salween District 

and Mulayit Taung [lat, 16°11' N., long. 98°32' E.], Amherst 

District, Tenasserim Division, Burma), 

Range: Common on mountains of the northern plateau (Chiang 

Mai, Lamphun, Nan). 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 117 

Pycnonotus goiavier jambu Deignan 

Pycnonotus goiavier jambu Deignan, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, vol. 75, 
No. 9, Dec. 1, 1955, p. 130 (Ban Maha Chai [lat. 13°30' N., long. 
100°15' E.j, Samut Saldion Province, Thailand). 
Range: The coastal provinces from Trat to Samut Songkhram. 

Pycnonotus goiavier personatus (Hume) 

Otocompsa personata "Davison" Hume, Stray Feathers, vol. 1, 
No. 6, December 1873, p. 457 (Kutaraja [lat. 5°32' N., long. 
95°20' E.], Acheh district, Sumatra, Indonesia). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kra to the 
extreme South. 

Pycnonotus plumosus plumosus Blyth 

P[ycnonotus]. plumosus Blyth, Journ. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, vol. 14, 
pt. 2, No. 164, [not earUer than October] 1845, p. 567 (Singapore 
Island, Malaya). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kra to the 
extreme South. 

Pycnonotus blanfordi conradi (Finsch) 

Criniger Conradi Finsch, in Finsch and Conrad, Verb. Zool.-Bot. 
Ges. Wien, band 23, heft 3, [not earUer than June 4,] 1873, p. 
349 (Bangkok [lat. 13°45' N., long. 100 °30' E.], Thailand). 
Pycnonotus rohinsoni Ogilvie-Grant, "Author's Advance Copy" 
from Fasciculi Malayenses, Zoology, pt. 3, July 1905, p. 85 
C'Tanjong, Patani"=Laem Pho [lat. 6°55' N., long. 101°15' 
E.], Pattani Province, Thailand). 
Range: Excepting the Mae Khong drainage of the northern pla- 
teau, reported throughout the country to the extreme South. 

Pycnonotus simplex simplex Lesson 

Picnonotus [sic] simplex Lesson, Revue Zoologique, ann. 2, June 
1839, p. 167 (Sumatra). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from Krabi to the extreme South. 

Pycnonotus brunneus brunneus Blyth 

[Pycnonotus] brunneus Blyth, Journ. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, vol. 14, 
pt. 2, No. 164, [not earher than October] 1845, p. 568 (Malacca). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kra to the 
extreme South. 

Pycnonotus erythropthalmos erythropthalmos (Hume) 

I[xos]. erythropthalmos Hume, m Hume and Davison, Stray Feath- 
ers, vol. 6, Nos. 1-6, June 1878, p. 314 ([region of] Pak Chan 
[Estuary] and Bankasun, Mergui District, Tenasserim Division, 
Burma). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kra to the 
extreme South. 



118 U.S. NATIONAL IMTJSEUM BULLETIN 226 

Genus CRINIGER Temminck 

Criniger flaveolus burmanicus Oates 

Criniger burmanicus Oates, Fauna of British India, Birds, vol. 1, 
December 1889, p. 256 ("Toungngoo; the Karen hills; Karen- 
nee; Tenasserim, as far south as Meetan at the base of Mulejdt 
mountain, and throughout the Thoungyecn valley"; type 
locality commonly restricted to Toungoo District, Pegu Divi- 
sion, Lower Burma). 
Range: Reported only from the valleys of the Salween (Mae Hong 
Song), the Mae Moei (Tak), and the Mae Klong (Kanchanaburi) . 

Criniger pallidus henrici Oustalet 

Criniger Henrici Oustalet, Bull. Mus. Hist. Nat. [Paris], tome 2, 

No. 5, June 22, 1896, p. 185 ("entre Manhao et Se-mao [Yunnan 

Province, China], sur les bords de la Riviere-Noire . . .k Nam- 

Xong, Ban-Moi et Hat-Hoa [Tongking]"). 

Range: Reported from all parts of the northern plateau, excepting 

the Salween drainage. 

Criniger pallidus isani Deignan 

Criniger pallidus isani Deignan, Smithsonian Misc. Coll., vol. 134, 
No. 2, Oct. 25, 1956, p. 4 (Ban Muang Khai [lat. 17°30' N., 
long. 101 °20' E.], Loei Province, Thailand). 
Range: Reported only from the northwestern portion of the eastern 
plateau (Loei, Phetchabun). 

Criniger ochraceus cambodianus Delacour and Jabouille 

Criniger gutluralis cambodianus Delacour and Jabouille, Bull. 

Brit. Orn. Club, vol. 48, No. 325, July 10, 1928, p. 130 (Le 

Boo Kor [lat. 10°37' N., 104°03' E.], Kampot Province, 

Cambodia). 

Range: Reported only from the southeastern provinces (Chon Buri, 

Rayong, Chanthaburi, Trat). 

Criniger ochraceus ochraceus Moore 

Criniger ochraceus Moore, in Horsfield and Moore, Catalogue 

of the birds in the museum of the Hon. East-India Company, 

vol. 1, 1854, pp. XV [nomen nudum!], 252 (Tenasserim Division, 

Burma; type locality restricted to Mergui [lat. 12°26' N., 

long. 98°36' E.], Mergui District, by Deignan, Smithsonian 

Misc. Coll., vol. 134, No. 2, 1956, p. 5). 

Criniger ochraceus crinitus Deignan, Journ. Washington Acad. 

Sci., vol. 44, No. 4, May 3, 1954, p. 125 (Ban Hin Laem [lat. 

14°40' N., long. 98°40' E.], Kanchanaburi Province, Thailand). 

Range: Evergreen forests of the southwestern provinces from 

Kanchanaburi to Prachuap Kiiri Khan. 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 119 

Criniger ochraceus sordidus Richmond 

? Criniger Cabanisi A. Miiller, Die Ornis der Insel Salanga [ante 
Oct. 4], 1882, p. 32 (Phuket [lat. 7°55' N., long. 98°25' E.], 
Phuket Province, Thailand). 

? Criniger Cabanisi A. Miiller, Journ. fiir Orn., jahrg. 30, No. 
160, November 1882, p. 384 (Phuket, Phuket Province, 
ThaHand). 

Criniger sordidus Richmond, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus., vol. 22, No. 
1201, May 12, 1900, p. 320 (Khao Soi Dao [lat. 7°20' N., 
long. 99°5b' E.], Trang Province, Thailand). 

? [Criniger] salangse Bowdler Sharpe, A hand-list of the genera 
and species of birds, vol. 3, 1901, p. 316. New name for 
Criniger Cabanisi A. Miiller, Journ. fiir Orn., jahrg. 30, No- 
vember 1882, p. 384 (Phuket, Phuket Province, Thailand), 
not Criniger cabanisi Bowdler Sharpe, "1881" [1882]. 
Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kra south 
to Satun. 

Criniger bres tephrogenys (Jardine and Selby) 

Trichophorus tephrogenys Jardine and Selby, Illustrations of orni- 
thology, vol. 3, pt. 9, February 1833, pi. 127 and text (". . . 
though we are uncertain of its locality, we suspect it to be 
Indian"; type locality corrected to Malacca, by Hartert, Nov. 
ZooL, vol. 9, 1902, p. 558). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kra to the 
extreme South. 

Criniger phaeocephaliis phaeocephalus (Hartlaub) 

Ixos (Trichixos, Less.) phaeocephalus Hartlaub, Revue Zoologique, 
ann. 7, November 1844, p. 401 (Malacca). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kra to the 
extreme South. 

Genus HYPSIPETES Vigors 

Hypsipetes criniger criniger (Blyth) 

Br[achypodiu^]y. criniger "A. Hay" Blyth, Journ. Asiatic Soc. 
Bengal, vol. 14, pt. 2, No. 164, [not earlier than October] 
1845, p. 577 (Malacca). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kra to the 
extreme South. 

Hypsipetes viridescens myitkyinensis (Deignan) 

Microscelis viridescens myitkyinensis Deignan, Proc. Biol. Soc. 
Washington, vol. 61, No. 1, Mar. 4, 1948, p. 3 ("along the 
Shingaw-Tanga road," Myitkyina District Kachin State, 
Upper Burma). 

54&-019— 63 9 



120 U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 226 

Range: Reported from the western portion of the northern plateau 
(Chiang Mai). 

Hypsipetes viridescens viridescens (Blyth) 

lole viridescens Blyth, Ibis, ser. 2, vol. 3, No. 9, January 1867, 
p. 7. New name for I[ole\. virescens Blytli, Journ. Asiatic 
Soc. Bengal, vol. 14, pt. 2, No. 164, [not earlier than October] 
1845, p. 573 (Arakan Division, Lower Burma), not Ixos 
virescens Temminck, 1825. 
Range: Reported only from the southwestern provinces (southern 
Tak). 

Hypsipetes propinquus propinquus (Oustalet) 

Criniger propinquus Oustalet, Nouv. Arch. Mus. [Paris], ser 4, 
tome 5, 1903, p. 76 ("Pa-Mou," Laichau Province, Tongking). 
Criniger lonnbergi Gyldenstolpe, Kungl. Svenska Vet. -Akad. 
Handl., band 50, No. 8, July 19, 1913, p. 24, pi. 1, fig. 2 (Pang 
Huai Horn [about lat. 17°50' N., long. 100°03' E.] and Khao 
Phlung [lat. 17°50' N., long. 100°05' E.], Uttaradit Province, 
Thailand). 
Range: The northern plateau, south on the West to Kamphaeng 
Phet, and the northwestern portion of the eastern plateau (Phet- 
chabun, Loei), reported also, on migration or in winter, from the south- 
eastern provinces (Chon Buri, Rayong). 

Hypsipetes propinquus simulator (Deignan) 

Microscelis charlottae simulator Deignan, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washing- 
ton, vol. 61, No. 1, Mar. 4, 1948, p. 5 (Ban Hup Bon [lat. 
13°05' N., long. 101°05' E.], Chon Buri Province, Thailand). 
Range: The southwestern portion of the eastern plateau and the 
southeastern provinces. 

Hypsipetes propinquus lekhakuni (Deignan) 

Microscelis charlottae lekhakuni Deignan, Journ. Washington 

Acad. Sci., vol. 44, No. 4, May 3, 1954, p. 125 (Ban Hin Laem 

[lat. 11°40' N., long. 98°40' E.], Kanchanaburi Province, 

ThaUand). 

Range: Evergreen forests of the southwestern provinces from 

Kanchanaburi south to Prachuap Khiri Khan. 

Hypsipetes propinquus cinnamomeoventris (Stuart Baker) 

lole virescens cinnamomeoventris Stuart Baker, Bull. Brit. Orn. 
Club, vol. 38, No. 288, Dec. 4, 1917, p. 16 (Tenasserim Town 
and Bankasun, Mergui District, Tenasserim Division, Lower 
Burma; type locality restricted to Tenasserim Town, by 
Deignan, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, vol. 61, 1948, p. 6). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Era south 
to Trang. 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 121 

Hypsipetes charlottae cryptus (Oberholser) 

lole olivacea crypta Oberholser, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 
vol. 31, No. 46, Dec. 30, 1918, p. 197 (Pulau Jemaja, Anamba 
Islands, South China Sea). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kra to the 
extreme South. 

Hypsipetes mcclellandii tickelli Blyth 

Hypsipetes Tickelli Blyth, Journ. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, vol. 24, 
No. 3, [not earlier than April] 1855 p. 275 ("mountainous 
interior of the Tenasserim provinces," Lower Burma). 
Range: The northwestern provinces from Chaiya Prakan south to 
Tak. 

Hypsipetes mcclellandii loquax (Deignan) 

Ixos mcclellandii loquax Deignan, Smithsonian Misc. Coll., vol. 99, 
No. 18, Dec. 11, 1940, p. 2 (Doi Phu Kha [lat. 19°05' N., 
long. 101°05' E.], Nan Province, Thailand). 
Range: Reported from the eastern portion of the northern plateau 
(Nan) and the northwestern portion of the eastern plateau (Loei). 

Hypsipetes mcclellandii canescens (Riley) 

Ixos canescens [sic] Riley, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, vol. 46, 
No. 32, Oct. 26, 1933, p. 155 (Khao Kuap [lat 12°25' N., 
long. 102°50' E.], Trat Province, Thailand). 
Range: Reported only from the southeasternmost provinces (Trat). 

H5^sipetes mcclellandii peracensis (Hartert and Butler) 

lole tickelli peracensis Hartert and Butler, Nov. Zool., vol. 5, 
No. 4, Dec. 31, 1898, p. 506 (Gunong Ijau, Perak State, 
Malaya). 
Range: Reported from mountains of the peninsular provinces south 
of the Isthmus of Kra (Nakhon Si Thammarat). 

Hypsipetes malaccensis Blyth 

H[ypsipetes]. malaccensis Blyth, Journ. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, vol. 
14, pt. 2, No. 164, [not earUer than October] 1845, p. 574 
(Malacca). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kra to the 
extreme South. 

Hypsipetes flavala bourdellei (Delacour) 

Hemixus flavala bourdellei Delacour, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, vol. 47, 
No. 308, Nov. 6, 1926, p. 13 (Chiang Khwang [lat. 19°19' N., 
long. 103°22' E.] Chiang Khwang Province, Laos). 
Range: Reported only from the eastern plateau (Loei, Nakhon 
Ratchasima). 



122 U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 2 26 

Hypsipetes flavala hildebrandi (Hume) 

Hemixus Hildebrandi Hume, Stray Feathers, vol. 2, No. 6, 

October 1874, p. 508 ("on the banks of the Younzaleen, in 

the Salwecn District of the Tenasserim Provinces," Lower 

Burma). 

Range: Keported from the western portion of the northern plateau 

(Chaiya Prakan, Chiang Alai, Lamphun, Lampang). 

Hypsipetes flavala davisoni (Hume) 

Hemixus Davisoni Hume, Stray Feathers, vol. 5, No. 2, June 
1877, p. Ill ("on the Toungya road to Myawadee," Amherst 
District, Tenasserim Division, Lower Burma). 
Range: Reported only from the southwestern provinces (southern 
Tak). 

Hypsipetes flavala cinereus (Blyth) 

I[ole]. cinerea "A. Hay" Blyth, Journ. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, vol. 14, 
pt. 2, No. 164, [not earher than October] 1845, p. 573 (Malacca). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kra to the 
extreme South. 

Hypsipetes niadagascariensis leucothorax (Mayr) 

Microscelis leucocephalus leucothorax Mayr, Journ. fiir Orn., 
jalirg. 89, heft 4, Mar. 15, 1942, p. 381 ("Chung Chiang Miao," 
Hsikang Province, China). 
Range: A visitor from the North, reported on migration or in winter 
from the northern and eastern plateaus. 

Hypsipetes madagascariensis stresemanni (Mayr) 

Microscelis leucocephalus stresemanni Ma3rr, Journ. fiir Orn., 
jahrg. 89, heft 4, Mar. 15, 1942, p. 383 ("Westhang des Li- 
chiang-Gebirges," Yunnan Province, China). 
Range: A visitor from the North, reported on migration or in winter 
from the eastern plateau (Ubon). 

Hypsipetes madagascariensis sinensis (La Touche) 

Haringtonia perniger sinensis La Touche, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 
vol. 42, No. 264, Jan. 3, 1922, p. 53 (Hokow, Yunnan Province, 
China) . 
Range: A visitor from the North, reported on migration or in winter 
from the eastern plateau (Ubon). 

Hypsipetes niadagascariensis concolor Blyth 

Hypsipetes concolor Blyth, Journ. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, vol. 13, 
pt. 2, [not earlier than August] 1849, p. 816 ("Tenasserim 
provinces"; type specimen from Moulmein, Amherst District, 
Tenasserim Division, Lower Burma, Jide Sclater, Ibis, 1892, 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 123 

p. 77, and Finn, List of the birds in the Indian Museum, pt. 1, 
1901, p. 94). 
Range: The northwestern provinces from Chaiya Prakan to south- 
ern Tak and the northwestern portion of the eastern plateau (Loei), 

Hypsipetes thompsoni (Bingham) 

Cerasophila Thompsoni Bingham, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 7, 

vol. 5, No. 28, April 1900, p. 358 ("Loi-San-Pa"=Taung 

Palaung [lat. 21°46' N., long. 96°55' E.], Mongkung State, 

Southern Shan State, Upper Burma). 

Range: Reported only from the western portion of the northern 

plateau (Mae Hong Son, Chiang Mai). 

Family DICRURIDAE 
Genus DICRURUS VieiUot 

Dicrurus adsimilis albirictus (Hodgson) 

[Bhuchanga] Albirictus Hodgson, India Review and Jom-nal of 
Foreign Science and the Arts, vol. 1, No. 8, November 1836, 
p. 326 (Nepal). 
Range: A visitor from the North, reported on migration or in winter 
from the northern plateau (Chiang Mai). 

Dicrurus adsimilis cathoecus Swinhoe 

Dicrurus cathoecus Swinhoe, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, for 1871, 
pt. 2, October 1871, p. 377 ("China, Hainan, and Formosa"; 
type locahty restricted to South China, by Hartert, Die Vogel 
der palaarktischen Fauna, band 3, hft. 2, 1921, p. 2017). 

Dicrurus annectens siamensis Boden Kloss, Ibis, ser. 10, vol. 6, 
No. 2, Apr. 9, 1918, p. 226 (Prachuap Khiri Khan [lat. 11°50' 
N., long. 99°50' E.], Prachuap Khiri Khan Province, Thai- 
land) . 
Range: Reported, whether as a resident or a migrant, from the 
northern and eastern plateaus, the southeastern provinces, the central 
plains, and the western and peninsular provinces south to the Isthmus 
of Kra. 

Dicrurus adsimilis thai Boden Kloss 

Dicrurus macrocercus thai Boden Kloss, Journ. Federated Malay 

States Mus., vol. 10, pt. 3, June 1921, p. 208 (Prachuap Khiri 

Khan [lat. 11°50' N., long. 99°50' E.], Prachuap Khiri Khan 

Province, Thailand). 

Range: Resident in the southeastern provinces (Chon Buri) and on 

the central plains (Phetchabun, Kamphaeng Phet, Lop Buri, Samut 

Sakhon, Rat Buri, Prachuap Khiri Khan). 



124 U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 226 

Dicrurus leucophaeus leucogenis (Walden) 

Buchanga leucogenis Walden, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 4, vol. 5, 
No. 27, March 1870, p. 219 (Nagasaki, Japan, error; tj^pe lo- 
cality corrected to China, by Stuart Baker, Journ. Bombay 
Nat. Hist. Soc, vol. 27, 1921, p. 474, and restricted to Ichang, 
Hupeh Province, by Deignan, U.S. Nat. Mus. Bull. 186, 1945, 
p. 289). 
Range: A visitor from the North, reported on migration or in winter 

from the northern plateau (Nan), the eastern plateau (Ubon), the 

southeastern provinces, the central plains, and the peninsular provinces 

from Prachuap Khiri Khan to the Isthmus of Kra. 

Dicrurus leucophaeus salangensis Reichenow 

[Dicrourus] leucogenys [var. salangensis] Reichenow, in Heine and 

Reich enow, Nomenclator Musei Heineani Ornithologici, 1890, 

p. 69 ("Ins. Salanga"=Ko Phuket [lat. 7°50' N., long. 98°20' 

E.], Phuket Province, Thailand). 

Range: A visitor from the North, reported on migration or in 

winter from the southeastern provinces, the central plains, and the 

peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Ki"a to Satun. 

Dicrurus leucophaeus hopwoodi Stuart Baker 

Dicrurus leucophaeus hopwoodi Stuart Baker, Nov. Zool., vol. 

25, May 1918, p. 294 (Dacca, Dacca District, East Bengal 

Province, Pakistan). 

Range: A visitor from the North, reported on migration or in 

winter from the northern plateau (Chiang Rai, Chaiya Prakan, Mae 

Hong Son, Chiang Mai) and the eastern plateau (Ubon). 

Dicrurus leucophaeus mouhoti (Walden) 

Buchanga mouhoti Walden, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 4, vol. 5, 

No. 27, March 1870, p. 220 (Cambodia; type locahty restricted 

to Angkor Wat [lat. 13°25' N., long. 103°52' E.j, Siem Reap 

Province, by RUey, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, vol. 53, 1940, 

p. 132). 

Range: Reported as a resident from the northern plateau and the 

northern part of the eastern plateau, but on migration or in winter 

found throughout the country south to the Isthmus of Kj'a. 

Dicrurus leucophaeus bondi Meyer de Schauensee 

Dicrurus bondi Meyer de Schauensee, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 

Philadelphia, vol. 89, Oct. 20, 1937, p. 337 (Ban Chanuman 

[lat. 16°15' N., long. 105°00' E.l, Ubon Province, Thailand). 

Range: The southern portion of the eastern plateau (Ubon) and 

the central plains (Tak, Sukhothai, Kamphaeng Phet). 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 125 

Dicrurus leucophaeus nigrescens Oates 

D[icrurus\. nigrescens Oates, Fauna of British India, Birds, vol. 
1, 1889, p. 311 [in key] ([inferentially] Kyeikpadein, Pegu 
District, Pegu Division, Bm-ma), 
Range: Reported from the southeastern provinces and the penin- 
sular provinces from Prachuap Khiri Khan south to Phuket. 

Dicrurus annectens (Hodgson) 

[Bhuchanga] Annectans [sic] Hodgson, India Review and Jom'nal 

of Foreign Science and the Arts, vol. 1, No. 8, November 1836, 

p. 326 (Nepal). 

Range: A visitor from the North, reported on migration or in 

winter from the northern plateau (Phrae, Nan), the eastern plateau 

(Loei, Naldion Ratchasima), the southeastern provinces, the central 

plains, and the peninsular provinces from Prachuap Klitri Khan to 

the extreme South. 

Dicrurus aeneus aeneus Vieillot 

Dicrurus seneus Vieillot, Nouveau dictionnaire d'histoire naturelle, 
nouv. ed., tome 9, March 1817, p. 586 (Bengal State, India). 
Range: Found throughout the country from Chiang Rai to the 
extreme South. 

Dicrurus remifer tectirostris (Hodgson) 

[Bhringa] Tectirostris Hodgson, India Review and Journal of 
Foreign Science and the Arts, vol. 1, No. 8, November 1836, 
p. 325 (Nepal). 
Bhringa remifer latispatula Meyer de Schauensee, Proc. Acad. 
Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, vol. 81, Oct. 3, 1929, p. 475 (Doi 
Suthep [lat. 18°50' N., long. 98°55' E.], Chiang Mai Province, 
Thailand). 
Range: Reported from all parts of the northern plateau and the 
northwestern portion of the eastern plateau (Loei). 

Dicrurus remifer peracensis (Stuart Baker) 

Bhringa remifer peracensis Stuart Baker, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 
vol. 39, No. 237, Nov. 30, 1918, p. 18 (Telom, Cameron's 
Highlands, Perak-Pahang boundary, Malaya). 
Range: The southeastern provinces (Chanthaburi) and the western 
and peninsular provinces (Tak, Surat Thani). 

Dicrurus remifer lefoli (Delacour and Jabouille) 

Bhringa remifer lefoli Delacour and Jabouille, Bull. Brit. Orn. 
Club, vol. 48, No. 325, July 10, 1928, p. 133 (Bokor [lat. 
10°37' N., long. 104°03' E.], Kampot Province, Cambodia). 
Range: Reported in atypical form from the extreme southeastern 
provinces (Trat). 



126 U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 226 

Dicrurus hottentottus brevirostris (Cabanis) 

T[richometopus]. brevirostris Cabanis, in Cabanis and Heine, 

Museum Heineanum, theil 1, 1851, p. 112 (China). 

Range: A visitor from the North, reported on migration or in 

winter from the northern and eastern plateaus, the southeastern 

provinces, the central plains, and the southwestern and peninsular 

provinces from Kanchanaburi to the Isthmus of Kra. 

Dicrurus hottentottus hottentottus (Linnaeus) 

[Cormis]. hottentottus Linnaeus, Systema natm-ae, ed. 12, torn. 1, 
1766, p. 155 ("Cap. b. spei," error; type locality altered to 
Sikkim, by Stuart Baker, Nov. Zool., vol. 26, 1919, p. 44, and 
to "the region between Ayuthia and the head of the Gulf [of 
Siam]," by Boden Kloss, Journ. Federated Malay States Mus., 
vol. 10, 1921, p. 223, but corrected to Chandernagore, Hooghly 
District, Bengal State, India, by Stresemann, Ibis, vol. 94, 
1952, pp. 517, 521). 
Range: The northern and eastern plateaus, the southeastern prov- 
inces, the central plains, and the western and peninsular provinces 
south to Prachuap Khu'i Khan. 

Dicrurus paradiseus rangoonensis (Gould) 

Edolius Rangoonensis Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, pt. 4, 

No. 37, Apr. 9, 1836, p. 5 (Rangoon Town District, Pegu 

Division, Burma). 

Range: The northern plateau and the northern part of the eastern 

plateau (Loei, Nong Khai, Nakhon Phanom, Sakon Nakhon, Khon 

Kaen) . 

Dicrurus paradiseus malabaricus (Latham) 

[Lanius] malabaricus Latham, Index ornithologicus, vol. 1, 1790, 
p. 66 (Malabar Coast, ex Sonnerat; type locality here restricted 
to Mahe, Malabar District, Madras State, India) . 
Range: The southern part of the eastern plateau, the southeastern 
provinces, the central plains, and the western and peninsular prov- 
inces from Tak to the Isthmus of Kra. 

Dicrurus paradiseus paradiseus (Linnaeus) 

[Cuculus] paradiseus Linnaeus, Systema naturae, ed, 12, tom. 1, 
1766, p. 172 ("Siam"; type locahty restricted to "the region 
between Ayuthia and the head of the Gulf," by Boden Kloss, 
Journ. Nat. Hist. Soc. Siam, vol. 3, 1919, p. 453, but corrected 
to Mergui, Mergui District, Tenasserim Division, Burma, by 
Stresemann, Ibis, vol. 94, 1952, pp. 509, 519). 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 127 

Dissemurus paradiseus hypohallus Oberholser, Journ. Washington 
Acad. Sci., vol. 16, No. 19, Nov. 18, 1926, p. 518 (Ban Phra 
Muang [lat. 7°20' N., long. 99°30' E.l, Trang Province, Thai- 
land) . 
Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kra to the 
extreme South. 

Family ORIOLIDAE 

Genus ORIOLUS Linnaeus 

Oriolus chinensis diffusus Bowdler Sharpe 

Oriolus diffusus Bowdler Sharpe, Catalogue of the birds in the 
British Museum, vol. 3, 1877, p. 197 (China). 
Range: A visitor from the North, reported on migration or in winter 
throughout the country from Chiang Rai to the extreme South. 

Oriolus tenuirostris tenuirostris Blyth 

0[riolus]. tenuirostris Blyth, Journ. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, vol. 15, 

No. 169, 1846, p. 48 ("Central India," error; type locahty 

corrected to Assam State, India, by Deignan, U.S. Nat. Mus. 

Bull. 186, 1945, p. 296). 

Range: A visitor from the North, reported on migration or in winter 

thi'oughout the western provinces from Chaiya Prakan to the Isthmus 

of Kra. 

Oriolus xanthornus xanthornus (Linnaeus) 

[Coracias] Xanthornus Linnaeus, Systema naturae, ed. 10, tom. 1, 
1758, p. 108 ("America," error; type locality corrected to 
Bengal State, India, ex Edwards, by Hellmayr, Verh. Orn. 
Ges. Bayern, band 14, heft 1, 1919, pp. 131-132). 
Oriolus luteolus thaiacous Hartert, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, vol. 38, 
No. 233, Apr. 30, 1918, p. 63 (Prachuap Khiri Khan [lat. 
11°50' N., long. 99°50' E.], Prachuap Khiri Khan Province, 
Thailand). 
Range: Common throughout the country from Chiang Rai south 
to Trang. 

Oriolus xanthonotus xanthonotus Horsfield 

Oriolus Xanthonotus Horsfield, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, vol. 13, 
pt. 1, May 1821, p. 152 (Blitar [lat. 8°06' S., long. 112°10' E.], 
Java) . 
Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kra to the 
extreme South. 



128 U-S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 226 

Oriolus traillii traillii (Vigors) 

Pastor Traillii Vigors, Proc. Comm. Sci. Corr. Zool. Soc. London, 
pt. 1, No. 14, Mar. 2, 1832, p. 175 (Himalayas; type locality 
restricted to Darjeeling, Darjeeling District, Bengal State, 
India, by Stuart Baker, Journ. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc, vol. 
27, 1921, p. 698). 
Range: The northern plateau, on the West south to Tak, and the 
northwestern portion of the eastern plateau (Loei). 

Oriolus traillii mellianus Stresemann 

Oriolus traillii mellianus Stresemann, Orn. Monatsb., jahrg. 30, 
No. 3, May 1, 1922, p. 64 ("Drachenkopf", Kwangtung Prov- 
ince, China). 
Range: A visitor from southeastern China, reported on migration 
or in winter from the southeastern provinces (Trat, Chanthaburi) 
and the northern peninsular provinces (Prachuap Khiri Khan). 

Genus IRENA Horsfield 

Irena puella sikkimensis Whistler and Kinnear 

Irena puella sikkimensis Whistler and Kinnear, Journ. Bombay 
Nat. Hist. Soc, vol. 36, No. 3, Aug. 15, 1933, p. 582 (Sukna, 
Darjeeling District, Bengal State, India). 
Range: Evergreen forests of the northern plateau. 

Irena puella puella (Latham) 

[Coracias] Puella I^atham, Index ornithologicus, vol. 1, 1790, p. 

171 (India; type locality restricted to Travancore State, by 

Stuart Baker, Jom'n. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc, vol. 27, No. 4, 

1921, p. 723). 

Range: Evergreen forests of the eastern plateau, of the southeastern 

provinces, and of the western and peninsular provinces south to Trang. 

Irena puella malayensis Moore 

Irena Malayensis Moore, in Horsfield and Moore, Catalogue of 
the birds in the museum of the Hon. East-India Company, vol. 
1, 1854, p. 274 (Java, Sumatra, Malacca; type locality [infer- 
entially] restricted to "the peninsula of Malacca and the island 
of Sumatra," by Walden, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 4, vol. 5, 
1870, p. 417, and further restricted [inferentially] to Malacca, 
by Bowdler Sharpe, Catalogue of the bu'ds in the British Mu- 
seum, vol. 3, 1877, p. 269). 
Range: Evergreen forests of the extreme southern peninsular prov- 
inces (Satun, Pattani). 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 129 

Family CORVIDAE 
Genus PLATYLOPHUS Swainson 

Platylophvis galericulatus ardesiacus (Bonaparte) 

L[ophocitta]. ardesiaca "Cabanis" Bonaparte, Conspectus generum 
avium, torn. 1, pars 2, Feb. 3, 1851, p. 374 {"ex JavaV; tjrpe 
locality corrected to "the Settlement of Malacca," Malaya, by 
Robinson and Boden Kloss, Journ. Nat. Hist. Soc. Siam, vol. 5, 
No. 3, 1924, p. 328). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from Prachuap Khiri KJian to the 
extreme South. 

Genus GARRULUS Brisson 

Garrulus glandaritis leucotis Hume 

Garrulus leucotis Hume, Proc. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, No. 5, [not 
earlier than May 1,] 1874, p. 106 (no locality given; type 
specimen from Kyauknyat [lat. 18°16' N., long. 97°3r E.], 
Salween District, Tenasserim Division, Burma, fide Hume, 
Stray Feathers, vol. 2, No. 4, June 1874, p. 443). 
Range: The northern and eastern plateaus and the western provinces 
south to Kanchanabm'i, 

Genus CISSA Boie 

Cissa thalassina hypoleuca Salvadori and Giglioli 

Cissa hypoleuca Salvadori and Giglioli, Atti Accad. Sci. Torino, 

vol. 20, disp. 3, [not earlier than Jan. 11,] 1885, p. 427 (Thudau- 

mot [lat. 10°59' N., long. 106°39' E.], Thudaumot Province, 

Cochin-China) . 

Range: Reported from the southeastern provinces (Chachoengsao, 

Chon Buri, Chanthaburi, Trat). 

Cissa chinensis chinensis (Boddaert) 

Coracias chinensis Boddaert, Table des planches enlumineez 
d'histoire natm-elle, 1783, p. 38 (China ex d'Aubenton, error; 
type locality corrected to "Southern Siam," by Robinson and 
Boden Kloss, Journ. and Proc. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, new ser., 
vol. 18, 1923, p. 561, and fm^ther corrected to Mergui, Mergui 
District, Tenasserim Division, Burma, by Stresemann, Ibis, 
vol. 94, 1952, pp. 516, 521). 
Range: The northern and eastern plateaus and the western prov- 
inces south to Prachuap Khiri Khan. 



130 U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 22 6 

Cissa erythrorhyncha magnirostris (Blyth) 

Ps[ilorhinus\. magnirostris Bl3^th, Journ. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, 
vol. 15, No. 169, 1846, p. 27 ("Ya-ma-dong Mountains, sep- 
arating Arracan from Pegu," Burma). 
Range: The northern and eastern plateaus, the southeastern prov- 
inces, and the western provinces south to Kanchanaburi. 

Genus CRYPSIRINA Vieillot 

Crypsirina vagabunda kinneari (Stuart Baker) 

Dendrocitta rufa kinneari Stuart Baker, Fauna of British India, 

Birds, ed. 2, vol. 1, Aug. 16, 1922, pp. viii [nomen nudum!], 

48 (in key), 51 (Toungoo, Toungoo District, Pegu Division, 

Burma). 

Range: Reported from the northern plateau, on the West south to 

Tak. 

Crypsirina vagabunda sakeratensis (Gyldenstolpe) 

Dendrocitta rufa sakeratensis Gyldenstolpe, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 

vol. 41, No. 254, Nov. 30, 1920, p. 32 (Ban Chakkrarat [lat. 

15°00' N., long. 102°25' E.], Nakhon Ratchasima Province, 

Thailand). 

Range: Reported from the eastern plateau and the southeastern 

provinces (Chon Buri). 

Crypsirina vagabunda saturatior (Ticehurst) 

Dendrocitta vagabunda saturatior Ticehurst, Bull. Brit, Orn. Club, 
vol. 42, No. 264, Jan. 3, 1922, p. 56 ("Kaukariyet Mts."= 
mountains near Kawkareik [lat. 16°35' N., long. 98°15' E.], 
Amherst District, Tenasserim Division, Burma). 
Range: The southwestern provinces from southern Tak to Kan- 
chanaburi. 

Crypsirina occipitalis himalayana (Jerdon) 

Dendrocitta Himalayana "Blyth" Jerdon, The Birds of India, vol. 
3, 1864, p. 874. New name for "Dendrocitta Sinensis, Latham" 
Jerdon, op. cit., vol. 2, pt. 1, 1863, p. 316, No. 676 ("Tlu-oughout 
the Himalayas, and . . . very rarely on the hills of Southern 
India"; type locality here restricted to Darjeeling, Darjeeling 
District, Bengal State, India) ["This is, writes Mr. Blyth, 
distinct from true Dendrocitta sinensis, and that naturalist sug- 
gests for it the name of Dendrocitta Himalayana, Blyth."! 
Range: Reported from the northwestern portion of the eastern 

plateau and once, on migi-ation or in winter, from the northwestern 

portion of the northern plateau (Chiang Mai). 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 131 

Crypsirina occipitalis assimilis (Hume) 

Dendrocitta assimilis Hume, Stray Feathers, vol. 5, No. 2, June 
1877, p. 117 ("Hill Tenasserim"; specimens from Kawludo [lat. 
18°30' N., long. 97°19' E.l, Salween District, and Mulayit 
Taung [lat. 16°11' N., long. 98°32' E.], Amherst District, 
Tenasserim Division, Burma, Jide Hume and Davison, Stray 
Feathers, vol. 6, 1878, p. 386). 
Range: Reported from the northwestern provinces (Chiang Rai, 
Chaiya Prakan, Chiang Mai, Lamphun, Lampang, Tak). 

Crypsirina temia (Daudin) 

Corvus temia Daudin, Traite elementaire et complet d'ornitholo- 

gie, tome 2, May 1800, p. 244 (Jakarta, Java). 

Crypsirina varians longipennis Neumann, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 

vol. 55, No. 386, Apr. 30, 1935, p. 136 (Chanthaburi [lat. 

12°35' N., long. 102°05' E.], Chanthaburi Province, Thailand). 

Range: Reported throughout the country from Chiang Rai to the 

extreme South. 

Genus PLATYSMURUS Reichenbach 

Platysmurus leucopterus leiicopterus (Temminck) 

Glaucopis leucopterus [sic] Temminck, in Temminck and Ijaugier, 
Nouveau recueil de planches coloriees d'oiseaux, [livr. 45,] 
vol. 2, April 1824, pi. 265 and text (Sumatra). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kra to the 
extreme South. 

Genus CORVUS Linnaeus 

Corvus splendens insolens Hume 

[Corvus] insolens Hume, Stray Feathers, vol. 2, No. 6, October 
1874, p. 480 (Tenasserim Division, Burma). 
Range: Rare and local in the northern peninsular provinces (Phet 
Buri, Prachuap Khiri Klian). 

Corvus macrorhynchos levaUlanlii Lesson 

Corvus Levaillantii Lesson, Traite d'ornithologie, livr. 5, [between] 
September 1830 [and] February 1831, p. 328 (Bengal State, 
India). 
Range: The northern and eastern plateaus, the central plains, and 
the western provinces south to Prachuap Khiri Khan. 



132 U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 2 26 

Corvus macrorhynchos macrorhynchos Wagler 

C[orvus]. Macrorhynchos Wagler, Systema avium, pt. 1, 1827, 
p. [313] ("in Nova-Hollandia, Nova-Guinea, et in insulis 
Sumatra et Java"; type locality restricted to Java, "ex Temm. 
M.S. in Mus. Lugd.," by Hartert, Nov. Zool., vol. 9, 1902, 
p. 442). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from Prachuap Kliiri Klian to the 
extreme South. 

Family PARIDAE 

Genus PARUS Linnaeus 

Parus major nubicolus Meyer de Schauensee 

Parus major nubicolus Aleyer de Schauensee, Notulae Naturae 

Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, No. 169, Feb. 25, 1946, p. 8 (Doi 

Pha Horn Pok [lat. 20°05' N., long. 99°10' E.], Chaiya Prakan 

Province, Thailand). 

Range: Reported from pine forests of the northern plateau (Chaiya 

Prakan, Chiang Mai). 

Parus major templorum Meyer de Schauensee 

Parus major templorum Meyer de Schauensee, Notulae Naturae 

Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, No. 169, Feb. 25, 1946, p. 2 

(Khao Nam Phu [near Muang Lom Sak, lat. 16°45' N., long. 

101°10' E.], Phetchabun Province, Thailand). 

Range: "Reported from the eastern plateau (Phetchabun, Ubon). 

Parus major ambiguus (Raffles) 

Turdus ambiguus Raffles, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, vol. 13, 
pt. 2, [not earlier than November] 1822, p. 311 (Sumatra; type 
locahty restricted to Benkulen [lat. 3°47' S., long. 102°15' E.], 
by Kinnear and Robinson, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, vol. 47, No. 
315, 1927, p. 130). 
Range: Reported from mangroves of the peninsular provinces south 
of the Isthmus of Kra (Phuket, Trang, Pattani). 

Parus xanthogenys subviridis Blyth 

Parus subviridis "Tickell" Blyth, Journ. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, vol. 

24, No. 3, 1855, p. 267 ("Mountainous interior of Tenasserim"; 

type specimen from Mulayit Taung [lat. 10°11' N., long. 98°32' 

E.], Amherst District, Tenasserim Division, Burma, j^(/e Hume 

in Hume and Davison, Stray Feathers, vol. 6, 1878, p. 378). 

Range: Reported from the northern plateau (Chaiya Prakan, 

Chiang Mai, Lamphun, Nan) and the northwestern portion of the 

eastern plateau (Loei). 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 133 

Genus MELANOCHLORA Lesson 

Melanochlora sultanea sultanea (Hodgson) 

[Parus] SuUaneus Hodgson, The India Review and Journal of 
Foreign Science and the Arts, vol. 2, No. 1, April 1837, p. 31 
([Nepal]). 
Range: The northern plateau, on the West south to Tak, and the 
northwestern portion of the eastern plateau (Loei). 

Melanochlora sultanea flavo-cristata (Lafresnaye) 

P[arus]. flavo-cristatus Lafresnaye, Magasin de Zoologie, ann. 7, 
livr. 1, [not earlier than January] 1837, "CI. II, pi. 80" ("lies 
de la Sonde"; type locality restricted to Sumatra, by Robinson 
and Boden Kloss, in 1918, Jide Chasen, A handlist of Malaysian 
birds, 1935, p. 261). 
Range: The southern portion of the eastern plateau, the south- 
eastern provinces, and the southwestern and peninsular provinces to 
the extreme South. 

Genus SYLVIPARUS Burton 

Sylvi parus modestus saturatior Rippon 

Sylviparus saturatior Rippon, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, vol. 16, No. 
124, May 8, 1906, p. 87 (Mount Victoria, Kanpetlet District, 
Magwe Division, Burma). 
Range: Reported from high mountains of the northern plateau 
(Chiang Mai). 

FamUy SITTIDAE 
Genus SITTA Linnaeus 

Sitta europaea delacouri Deignan 

Sitta europsea delacouri Deignan, Journ. Washington Acad. Sci., 

vol. 28, No. 8, Aug. 15, 1938, p. 372 (Doi Suthep [lat. 18°50' 

N., long. 98°55' E.], Chiang Mai Province, Thailand). 

Range: Reported from the higher mountains of the western part of 

the northern plateau (Chaiya Prakan, Mae Hong Son, Chiang Mai). 

Sitta europaea tonkinensis Kinnear 

Sitta castanea tonkinensis Kinnear, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, vol. 56, 
No. 392, Jan. 31, 1936, p. 71 (Nape [lat. 18°18' N., long. 
105°05' E.], Thakkek Province, Laos). 
Range: Reported from the Mae Khong drainage of the northern 
plateau (Doi Hua Mot [lat. 19°07' N., long. 99°20' E.]). 



134 U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 226 

Sitta europaea neglect a Walden 

Sitta neglecta Walden, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 4, vol. 5, No. 
27, March 1870, p. 218 ("Karen Hills of the Tonghoo district," 
Pegu Division, Burma). 
Sitta Auto-Sitta siamensis Kleinschmidt, Berajah, Zoographia 
Infinita [Halle], 1928, p. 14 (Doi Khun Tan [lat. 18°30' N., 
long. 99°20' E.], Lamphun Province, Thailand). 
Range: Deciduous forests of the northern plateau (excepting Chiang 
Rai, Phayao, and Chaiya Prakan), of the eastern plateau, and of the 
western provinces south to Kanchanaburi. 

Sitta magna magna Wardlaw Ramsay 

Sitta magna Wardlaw Ramsay, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, for 

1876, pt. 3, October 1876, p. 677, pi. 63 (Karenni State, Burma). 

Range: Reported from the higher mountains of the western part of 

the northern plateau (Chaiya Prakan, Mae Hong Son, Chiang Mai). 

Sitta frontalis frontalis Swainson 

Sitta frontalis Swainson, Zoological illustrations, vol. 1, No. 1, 
Oct. 1, 1820, pi. 2 and text (Ceylon). 
Range: The northern and eastern plateaus, the southeastern prov- 
inces, and the western and peninsular provinces south to the Isthmus 
of Kra. 

Sitta frontalis saturatior Hartert 

Sitta frontalis saturatior Hartert, Nov. Zool., vol. 9, No. 3, Dec. 
16, 1902, p. 573 (Gunong Tahan [lat. 4°38' N., long. 102°14' 
E.], Pahang State, Malaya). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kra to the 
extreme South. 

Family CERTHIIDAE 
Genus CERTHIA Linnaeus 

Certhia discolor shanensis Stuart Baker 

Certhia discolor shanensis Stuart Baker, Fauna of British India, 
Bu-ds, ed. 2, vol. 7, May 14, 1930, p. 90. New name for 
Certhia discolor fuliginosa Stuart Baker, op. cif., vol. 1, Aug. 
16, 1922, pp. 435 [in key], 438 (Loi Pang Nao [lat. 21°20' N., 
long. 100°20' E.], Kengtung State, Southern Shan State, 
Burma), not C[erthia]. fuliginosa Bechstein, 1811, or Certhia 
fuliginosa Shaw, 1812. 
Range: Reported from the higher mountains of the northern 

plateau (Chiang Rai, Chaiya Prakan, Chiang Mai). 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 135 

Family CINCLIDAE 
Genus CINCLUS Borkhausen 

Cinclus pallasii dorjei Kinnear 

Cinclus pallasi dorjei Kinnear, in Ludlow and Kinnear, Ibis, ser. 
14, vol. 1, No. 2, Apr. 1, 1937, p. 263 (Sakden, eastern Bhutan), 
Range: Reported only from the western portion of the northern 
plateau (Doi Ang Ka [lat. 18°35' N., long. 98°30' E.]). 

Family MUSCICAPIDAE 

Subfamily TIMALIINAE 
Genus PELLORNEUM Swainson 

Pellorneum ruficeps indistinctum Deignan 

Pellorneum ruficeps indistinctum Deignan, Smithsonian Misc. 

Coll., vol. 107, No. 14, Oct. 20, 1947, p. 16 (King Chiang 

Saen [lat. 20°15' N., long 100°05' E.], Chiang Rai Province, 

Thailand). 

Range: Reported from the Mae Khong drainage of the northern 

plateau (Chaiya Prakan, Chiang Rai, Phayao). 

Pellorneum ruficeps chthonium Deignan 

Pellorneum ruficeps chthonium Deignan, Smithsonian Misc. Coll., 
vol. 107, No. 14, Oct. 20, 1947, p. 14 (Doi Suthep [lat. 18°50' 
N., long. 98°55' E.], Chiang Mai Province, Thailand). 
Range: The northern plateau (Chiang Mai, Lamphun, Lampang, 
Phrae, Nan, Uttaradit, Sukhothai, northern Tak). 

Pellorneum ruficeps elbeli Deignan 

Pellorneum rufijceps elheli Deignan, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 
vol. 69, No. 36, Dec. 31, 1956, p. 208 (Ban Na Muang, near 
Muang Daen Sai [lat. 17°15' N., long. 101°05' E.], Loei Prov- 
ince, Thailand). 
Range: Reported from the northwestern portion of the eastern 
plateau (Loei, Phetchabun). 

Pellorneum ruficeps ubonense Deignan 

Pellorneum ruficeps ubonense Deignan, Smithsonian Misc. Coll., 
vol. 107, No. 14, Oct. 20, 1947, p. 18 (Ban Chanuman [lat. 
16°15' N., long. 105°00' E.], Ubon Provmce, Thailand). 
Range: Reported only from the easternmost portion of the eastern 
plateau (Ubon). 

546-019—63 10 



136 U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 226 

Pellorneuni ruficeps euroum Deignan 

Pellorneum ruficeps euroum Deignan, Smithsonian Misc. Coll., 
vol. 107, No. 14, Oct. 20, 1947, p. 19 (Chanthabiiri [lat. 12°35' 
N., long. 102°05' E.], Cbanthaburi Province, Thailand). 
Range: The southwestern portion of the eastern plateau, the south- 
eastern provinces, and the central plains lying east of the river Chao 
Phaya. 

Pellorneuni ruficeps smithi Riley 

Pellorneum smithi Ttiley, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, vol. 37, 
No. 22, Oct. 21, 1924, p. 129 (Ko Chang [lat. 12°00' N., long. 
102°30' E.], off Trat Province, Thailand). 
Range: Islets off the coast of the southeastern provinces (Ko Chang) 

Pellorneuni ruficeps subochraceum Swinhoe 

Pellorneum subochraceum Swinhoe, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 4, 
vol. 7, No. 40, April 1871, p. 257 ("the Tenasserim provinces"; 
type locality restricted to Moulmein, Amherst District, Tenas- 
serim Division, Burma, by Deignan, Smithsonian Misc. Coll., 
vol. 107, No. 14, 1947, p. 12). 
Range: Evergreen forests of the southwestern provinces from 
southern Tak to Prachuap Khiri Kian. 

Pellorneuni ruficeps acrum Deignan 

Pellorneum ruficeps acrum Deignan, Smithsonian Misc. Coll., vol. 

107, No. 14, Oct. 20, 1947, p. 13 (Yala [lat. 6°30' N., long. 

101°15' E.], Yala Province, Thailand). 

Range: The central plains lying west of the river Chao Phaya and 

open forests of the southwestern and peninsular provinces from 

Kamphaeng Phet to the extreme South. 

Pellorneuni capistratum nigrocapitatum (Eyton) 

Brachypteryx nigrocapitata Eyton, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, pt. 7, 
No. 78, November 1839, p. 103 ([Malaya]). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kra to the 
extreme South. 

Pellorneuni albiventre cinnamomeum (Rippon) 

Drymocataphus cinnamomeus Rippon, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, vol. 

11, No. 74, Oct. 27, 1900, p. 12 (Loi Mai [lat. 20°25' N., long. 

97°26' E.], Mawkmai[?] State, Southern Shan State, Burma). 

Range: Reported from mountains of the northwestern provinces 

(Chaiya Prakan, Chiang Mai). 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 137 

Genus TRICHASTOMA Blyth 

Trichastoma tickelli fulvum (Walden) 

Drymocata'phus julvus Walden, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 4, vol. 
15, No. 90, June 1875, p. 401 (Karenni State, Burma). 
Range: The northern plateau and the northwestern portion of the 
eastern plateau (Phetchabun, Loei). 

Trichastoma tickelli tickelli (Blyth) 

Pellornium [sic] Tickelli Blyth, Joui^n. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, vol. 
28, No. 4, 1859, p. 414 ("mountainous interior of the Tenas- 
serim provinces"; type specimen from ''Woods of Teewap'hado, 
1100 to 1500 feet," Amherst District, Tenasserim Division, 
Burma, ^(/e Tickell, ibid., No. 5, 1860, p. 449). 
Range: The southwestern and peninsular provmces from southern 
Tak to the extreme South. 

Trichastoma malaccense malaccense (Hartlaub) 

B[rachypteryx]. malaccensis Hartlaub, Systematisches Ver- 
zeichniss der naturhistorischen Sammlung der Gesellschaft 
Museum [Bremen], abth. 1, 1844, p. 40, footnote (Malacca). 
Anuropsis malaccensis driophila Oberholser, Smithsonian Misc. 
Coll., vol. 74, No. 2, Sept. 27, 1922, p. 9 (Khao Soi Dao [lat. 
7°20' N., long. 99°50' E.], Trang Province, Thailand). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kra to the 
extreme South. 

Trichastoma rostratvim rostratum Blyth 

Tr[ichastoma]. rostratum Blyth, Journ. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, 
vol. 11, pt. 2, No. 128, [not earlier that December] 1842, p. 795 
(Singapore Island, Malaya). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kra to the 
extreme South. 

Trichastoma bicolor (Lesson) 

Brachypteryx bicolor Lesson, Revue Zoologique, ann. 2, May 1839, 
p. 138 (Sumatra). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kra to the 
extreme South. 

Trichastoma sepiarium tardinatum (Hartert) 

Malacocincla sepiaria tardinata Hartert, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 
vol. 36, No. 211, Dec. 29, 1915, p. 35 (Gunong Tahan [lat. 
4°38' N., long. 102°14' E.], Pahang State, Malaya). 
Range: Reported only from the southernmost peninsular provinces 
(Pattani, Yala, Narathiwat). 



138 U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 226 

Trichastoma abbotti williamsoni (Deignan) 

Aialacocincla abbotti williamsoni Deignan, Journ. Washington 

Acad. Sci., vol. 38, No. 5, May 20, 1948, p. 185 (Ban Pak 

Chong Ilat. 14°40' N., long. 101°25' E.], Nakhon Ratchasima 

Province, Thailand). 

Range: The southwestern portion of the eastern plateau (Sara Buri, 

Nakhon Ratchasima, Nakhon Nayok, Prachin Buri). 

Trichastoma abbotti obscurius (Deignan) 

Malacocincla abbotti obscurior Deignan, Journ. Washington 

Acad. Sci., vol. 38, No. 5, May 20, 1948, p. 185 (Khao Sa 

Bap [lat. 12°35' N., long. 102°15' E.], Chanthaburi Province, 

Thailand). 

Range: Coastal areas of the southeastern provinces from Chon Buri 

to Trat and the islet Ko Kut, off the coast of Trat. 

Trichastoma abbotti abbotti (Blyth) 

M[alacocincla]. Abbotti Blyth, Journ. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, vol. 14, 
pt. 2, No. 164, [not earlier than October] 1845, p. 601 (Ramree 
Island, Kyaukpyu District, Arakan Disivion, Burma). 
Malacocincla abbotti rufescentior Deignan, Journ. Washington 
Acad. Sci., vol. 38, No. 5, May 20, 1948, p. 184 (Ban Tha Lo 
[about lat. 9°05' N., long. 99°15' E.], Surat Thani Province, 
Thailand). 
Range: The central plains lying west of the river Chao Phaj^a and 
the southwestern and peninsular provinces from Kamphaeng Phet 
to Satun. 

Trichastoma abbotti olivaceum (Strickland) 

Malacopteron olivaceum Strickland, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 
pt. 14, No. 165, Jan. 26, 1847, p. 102 (Malacca). 
Range: Reported only from the southernmost peninsular provinces 
(Pattani, Yala, Narathiwat). 

Genus MALACOPTERON Eyton 

Malacopteron magnum magnum Eyton 

Malacopteron magnum Eyton, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, pt. 7, 
No. 78, November 1839, p. 103 ([Malaya]). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Era to the 
extreme South. 

Malacopteron cinereum indochinense (Robinson and Boden Kloss) 

liorizillas rufijrons indochinensis Robinson and Boden Kloss, 

Journ. Federated Malay States Mus., vol. 10, pt. 3, June 1921, 

p. 205 (Trang Bom [lat. 10°56' N., long. 107°00' E.], Bien Hoa 

Province, Cochin-China). 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 139 

Range: The southwestern portion of the eastern plateau and the 
southeastern provinces. 

Malacopteron cinereum cinereum Eyton 

Malacopteron cinereus [sic] Eyton, Proc. Zool, Soc. London, pt. 7, 
No. 78, November 1839, p. 103 ([Malaya]). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kra to the 
extreme South. 

Malacopteron magnirostre magnirostre (Moore) 

Alcippe magnirostris Moore, in Horsfield and Moore, Catalogue 
of the birds in the museum of the Hon. East-India Company, 
vol. 1, 1854, pp. xiv [nomen nudum!], 407 (Malacca). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from Prachuap Khiri Khan to the 
extreme South. 

Malacopteron affine affine (Blyth) 

Tr[ichastoma]. affine Blyth, Journ. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, vol. 11, 
pt. 2, No. 128, [not earlier than December] 1842, p. 795 (Singa- 
pore Island, Malaya). 
Range: Reported only from the southernmost peninsular prov- 
inces (Pattani, Yala, Narathiwat). 

Genus POMATORHINUS Horsfield 

Pomatorhinus schisticeps ripponi Harington 

Pomatorhinus ripponi Harington, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, vol. 27, 

No. 163, Nov. 4, 1910, p. 9 (Shan States; type specimen from 

Pyaunggaung [lat. 23°00' N., long. 96°28' E.], Mongmit State, 

Northern Shan State, Burma ^6?e Kinnear, in epistola). 

Range: Reported only from the northern portion of the northern 

plateau (Chaiya Prakan, Chiang Rai). 

Pomatorhinus schisticeps difficilis Deignan 

Pomatorhinus schisticeps difficilis Deignan, Proc. Biol. Soc. 
Washington, vol. 69, No. 36, Dec. 31, 1956, p. 208 (Doi Luang 
Chiang Dao [lat. 19°25' N., long. 98°55' E.], Chiang Mai Prov- 
ince, Thailand). 
Range: The western portion of the northern plateau (Mae Hong 
Son, Chiang Mai, Lamphun, northern Tak). 

Pomatorhinus schisticeps humilis Delacour 

Pomatorhinus schisticeps humilis Delacour, L'Oiseau et la Revue 

Frangaise d'Ornithologie, nouv. ser., vol. 2, No. 3, July 10, 1932, 

p. 424 (Thateng [lat. 15^31' N., long. 106°22' E.], Saravane 

Province, Laos). 

Range: Reported from the eastern portion of the northern plateau 

(Nan) and provinces of the eastern plateau bordering the river Mae 

Khong (Loei). 



140 U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 2 26 

Pomatorhinus schisticeps Idossi Stuart Baker 

Pomatorhinus nuchalis klossi Stuart Baker, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 
vol. 38, No. 227, Oct. 30, 1917, p. 9 (Ban Khlong Manao=Baii 
Huang Som [lat. 11°50' N., long. 102 °50' E.], Trat Province, 
and "Ban Sam Kbok," crror=Ban Si Racha [lat. 13°10' N., 
long. 100°55' E.], Chon Buri Province, Thailand). 
Bange: Coastal areas of the southeastern provinces from Chon Buri 
to Trat. 

Pomatorhinus schisticeps olivaceus Blyth 

P[omatorhinus]. olivaceus Blyth, Journ. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, vol. 
16, pt. 1, [not earlier than May] 1847, p. 451 (Ye, Amherst 
District, Tenasserim Division, Burma). 
Pomatorhinus olivaceus siamensis Stuart Baker, Bull. Brit. Orn. 
Club, vol. 38, No. 227, Oct. 30, 1917, p. 9 (Sathani Map Am- 
marit [lat. 10°50' N., long. 99°20' E.], Chumphon Province, 
Thailand). 
Range: The southwestern and peninsular provinces from Kanchana- 
buri south to the Isthmus of Kra. 

Pomatorhinus schisticeps fastidiosus Hartert 

Pomatorhinus schisticeps fastidiosus Hartert, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 
vol. 36, No. 216, May 25, 1916, p. 81 (Ban Khok Khan [lat. 
7°34' N., long. 99°38' E.], Trang Province, Thailand). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kra south to 
Trang. 

Pomatorhinus erythrogenys celatus Deignan 

Pomatorhinus erythrogenys celatus Deignan, Zoologica, vol. 26, 
pt. 3, Oct. 31, 1941, p. 241 (Doi Luang Chiang Dao [lat. 19°25' 
N., long. 98°55' E.], Chiang Mai Province, Thailand). 
Range: Reported only from high mountains of the northwestern 
provinces (Chaiya Prakan, Chiang Mai). 

Pomatorhinus hypoleucos tickelli Hume 

Pomatorhinus (. . . Orthorhinus) Tickelli Hume, Stray Feathers, 
vol. 5, No. 1, April 1877, p. 32 (Mulayit Taung, Amherst 
District, Tenasserim Division, Burma). 
Range: The northern and eastern plateaus, the southeastern prov- 
inces, and the western and peninsular provinces south to Prachuap 
Khiri Khan. 

Pomatorhinus ferruginosus albogularis Blyth 

P[omatorhinus]. albogularis Blyth, Journ. Asiatic Soc, Bengal, 
vol. 24, No. 3, [not earher than April] 1855, p. 274 (Mulayit 
Taung, Amherst District, Tenasserim Division, Burma). 
Range: Reported only from high mountains of the northwestern 
provinces (Chiang Mai). 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 141 

Pomatorhi nus ochraceiceps ochraceiceps Walden 

Pomatorhinus ochraceiceps Walden, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 4, 
vol. 12, No. 72, December 1873, p. 487 (Karen Hills, Burma). 
Range: Evergreen forest of the northern plateau, on the West 
south to Tak. 

Pomatorhinus ochraceiceps alius Riley 

Pomatorhinus ochraceiceps alius Riley, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washing- 
ton, vol. 53, No. 11, Apr. 19, 1940, p. 47 (Dran [lat. 11°49' N., 
long. 108°38' E.], Phanrang Province, Annam). 
Range: Reported only from the northwestern portion of the eastern 
plateau (Loei). 

Genus KENOPIA G. R. Gray 

Kenopia striata (Blyth) 

T[imalia]. striata Blyth, Journ. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, vol. 11, pt. 
2, No. 128, [not earher than December] 1842, p. 793 (Singa- 
pore Island, Malaya). 
Range: Reported from the peninsular provinces south of the Isthmus 
of Kra (Krabi, Trang). 

Genus NAPOTHERA G. R. Gray 

Napothera macrodactyla macrodactyla (Strickland) 

Malacopteron macrodactylum Strickland, Ann. Meg. Nat. Hist., 

vol. 13, No. 86, June 1844, p. 417 (Malacca). 
Turdinus macrodactylus bakeri Hachisuka, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 
vol. 47, No. 309, Nov. 27, 1926, p. 54 (Sathani Lam Phura or 
Lam Phila [lat. 7°40' N., long. 99°35' E.], Trang Province, 
Thailand). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kj-a to the 
extreme South. 

Napothera crispifrons crispifrons (Blyth) 

Turdinus crispifrons Blyth, Journ. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, vol. 24, 
No. 3, [not earlier than April] 1855, p. 269 ("mountainous in- 
terior of the Tenasserim provinces"; type specimen from 
Mulayit Taung, Amherst District, Tenasserim Division, Burma, 
Jlde Sclater, Ibis, 1892, p. 76). 
Range: Reported from the northern plateau (Phrae) and the south- 
western provinces (southern Tak, Kanchanaburi), 

Napothera crispifrons calcicola Deignan 

Napothera crispifrons calcicola Deignan, Journ. Washington Acad. 

Sci., vol. 29, No. 4, Apr. 15, 1939, p. 177 (Sathani Hin Lap 

[lat. 14°40' N., long. 101 °10' E.], Sara Buri Province, Thailand). 

Range: Reported only from the southwestern portion of the eastern 

plateau (Sara Buri). 



142 U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 2 26 

Napothera brevicaudata brevicaudata (Blyth) 

T[urdimis]. hrevicaudatus Blytli, Journ. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, 
vol. 24, No. 3, [not earlier than April] 1855, p. 272 ("moun- 
tainous interior of the Tcnasserim provinces"; type specimen 
from Mulayit Taung, Amherst District, Tenasserim Division, 
Burma, ^c?e Sclater, Ibis, 1892, p. 76). 
Range: Reported only from the northern plateau (Chiang Mai, 
Lamphun, Lampang, Nan). 

Napothera brevicaudata griseigularis (Delacour and Jabouille) 

Corythocichla griseigularis Delacour and Jabouille, Bull. Brit, 
Orn. Club, vol. 48, No. 325, July 10, 1928, p. 131 (Le Boc Kor 
[lat. 10°37' N., long. 104°03' E.], Kampot Province, Cambodia). 
Corythocichla brevicaudata cognata Riley, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash- 
ington, vol. 46, No. 32, Oct. 26, 1933, p. 156 (Khao Sa Bap 
[lat. 12°35' N., long. 102°15' E.], Chanthaburi Province, 
Thailand). 
Range: Reported only from the southeasternmost provinces (Chan- 
thaburi, Trat). 

Napothera brevicaudata leucosticta (Bowdler Sharpe) 

Corythocichla leucosticta Bowdler Stiarpe, Proc. Zool. Soc. Lon- 
don, pt. 3, No. 29, Oct. 1, 1887, p. 438 (Larut Range [about 
lat. 4°48' N., long. 100°45' E.], Perak State, Malaya). 
Corythocichla brevicaudata herberti Stuart Baker, Bull. Brit. Orn. 
Club, vol. 38, No. 227, Oct. 30, 1917, p. 10 (Sathani Thung 
Song [lat. 8°10' N., long. 99°40' E.], Nakhon Si Thammarat 
Province, Thailand). 
Range: The peninsular provinces south of the Isthmus of Kra. 

Napothera epilepidota davisoni (Ogilvie-Grant) 

Turdinulus davisoni Ogilvie-Grant, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, vol. 

25, No. 160, May 12, 1910, p. 97 (Thaungya Sakan and 

Mulayit Taung, Amherst District, Tenasserim Division, Lower 

Burma). 

Range: Reported only from the northern plateau (Chaiya Prakan, 

Chiang Mai, Nan). 

Napothera epilepidota granti (Richmond) 

Turdinulus granti Richmond, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus., vol. 22, No. 
1201, May 12, 1900, p. 320 (Khao Soi Dao [lat. 7°20' N., long. 
99°50' E.], Trang Province, Thailand). 
Range: The peninsular provinces south of the Isthmus of Kra. 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 143 

Genus MICROURA Gould 

Microura pusilla pusilla (Hodgson) 

[Pnoepyga] pusillus [sic] Hodgson, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, pt. 
13, No. 146, August 1845, p. 25 ([Nepal]). 
Range: Reported from mountains of the western portion of the 
northern plateau (Chiang Mai). 

Microura pusilla harterti (Robinson and Boden Kloss) 

Pnoepyga pusilla . . . Aar^er^i Robinson and Boden Kloss, Jo urn. 
Federated Malay States Mus., vol. 8, pt. 2, December 1918, p. 
205 (Gunong Ijau, Perak State, Malaya). 
Range: Mountains of the peninsular provinces south of the Isth- 
mus of Ki'a (Surat Thani). 

Genus STACHYRIS Hodgson 

Stachyris rufifrons rufifrons Hume 

Stachyris rufifrons Hume, Stray Feathers, vol. 1, No. 6, December 
1873, p. 479 ("on the dry western slopes of the Pegu Hills," 
Lower Burma). 
Range: Reported from the western portion of the northern plateau 
(Chiang Mai) and the southwestern provinces (Kanchanaburi). 

Stachyris rufifrons obscura (Stuart Baker) 

Stachyridopsis rufifrons obscura Stuart Baker, Bull. Brit.Orn. 
Club, vol. 38, No. 227, Oct. 30, 1917, p. 10 (Khlong Bang Lai, 
a stream near Sathani Map Ammarit [lat, 10°50' N., long. 
99°20' E.], Chumphon Province, Thailand). 
Range: Reported only from the central peninsular provinces (Chum- 
phon, Surat Thani). 

Stachyris ambigua adjuncta Deignan 

Stachyris rufifrons adjuncta Deignan, Field Mus. Nat. Hist. Zool. 
Ser., vol. 24, No. 10, Sept. 19, 1939, p. 110 (Phong Saly [lat. 
21°42' N., long. 102°07' E.], Laos). 
Range: The northern plateau (Chaiya Prakan, Phrae) and the 
northwestern portion of the eastern plateau (Loei). 

Stachyris rodolphei Deignan 

Stachyris rodolphei Deignan, Field Mus. Nat. Hist. Zool. Ser., 
vol. 24, No. 10, Sept. 19, 1939, p. 110 (Doi Luang Chiang Dao 
[lat. 19°25' N., long. 98°55' E.], Chiang Mai Province, Thai- 
land). 
Range: Reported only from high mountains of the northwestern 
provinces (Chiang Mai). 



144 TJ.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 226 

Stachyris chrysaea aurata Meyer de Schauensee 

Stachyris chrysaea aurata Meyer de Schauensee, Proc. Acad. Nat. 

Sci. Philadelphia, vol. 90, June 11, 1938, p. 29 (Doi Pha Horn 

Pok [lat. 20°05' N., long. 99° 10' E.], Chaiya Prakan Province, 

Thailand). 

Range: The northernmost provinces of the northern plateau (Chiang 

Rai, Chaiya Prakan). 

Stachyris chrysaea assimilis Walden 

S[trachyrhis]. assmilis [sic] Walden, in Blyth, Journ. Asiatic Soc. 
Bengal, vol. 43, pt. 2, extra No., 1875, p. 116 (Karenni State, 
Burma). 
Range: Reported from the northern plateau (excepting areas in- 
habited by the preceding form), on the West south to Tak. 

Stachyris chrysaea chrysops Richmond 

Stachyris chrysops Richmond, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, vol. 
15,"No. 29, June 25, 1902, p. 157 (Khao Nam Pliu [lat. 7°35' N., 
long. 99°50' E.], Trang Province, Thailand). 
Range: The peninsular provinces south of the Isthmus of Kra (Surat 
Thani, Nakhon Si Thammarat, Trang). 

Stachyris nigriceps spadix Ripley 

Stachyris nigriceps spadix Ripley, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, vol. 68, 
No. 4, Mar. 17, 1948, p. 89 (Laisung, United District of Miku- 
and North Cachar Hills, Assam State, India). 
Range: Reported only from the western portion of the northern 
plateau (Chiang Mai, Lamphun). 

Stachyris nigriceps yunnanensis La Touche 

Stachyris nigriceps yunnanensis La Touche, BuU. Brit. Orn. 
Club, vol. 42, No. 262, Oct. 29, 1921, p. 18 (Hokow [lat. 23°15' 
N., long. 103°39' E.], Yunnan Province, China). 
Range: Reported from the eastern portion of the northern plateau 
(Nan, Uttaradit). 

Stachyris nigriceps dipora Oberholser 

Strachyris nigriceps dipora Oberholser, Smithsonian Misc. Coll., 
vol. 74, No. 2, Sept. 27, 1922, p. 7 (Khao Soi Dao [lat. 7°20' N., 
long. 99°50' E.], Trang Province, Thailand). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kra to 
Trang. 

Stachyris nigriceps davisoni Bowdler Sharpe 

Stachyris davisoni Bowdler Sharpe, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, vol. 1, 
No. 2, Nov. 1, 1892, p. vii (Gunong Tahan, Pahang State, 
Malaya). 
Range: Reported only from the southernmost peninsular provinces 
(Pattani, Yala, Narathiwat). 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 145 

Stachyris poliocephala (Temminck) 

Timalia poliocephala Temminck, in Temminck and Laugier, 
Nouveau recueil de planches coloriees d'oiseaux, [livr. 100,] 
vol. 2, 1836, pi. 593, fig. 2, and text ("a Sumatra et a Borneo"; 
type locality restricted to Benkulen [lat. 3°47' S., long. 102 °15' 
E.], Sumatra, by Boden Kloss, Treubia, vol. 13, livr. 3-4, 
1931, p. 348). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from Surat Thani south to Trang. 

Stachyris striolata helenae Delacour and Greenway 

Stachyris striolata helenx Delacour and Greenway, Bull. Brit. 
Orn. Club, vol. 59, No. 423, June 17, 1939, p. 130 (Ban Nam 
Khuang [lat. 20°24' N., long. 110°14' E.], Haut-Mekong Prov- 
ince, Laos). 
Range: Keported only from the eastern portion of the northern 
plateau (Nan). 

Stachyris striolata guttata (Blyth) 

Turdinus guttatus "Tickell" Blyth, Journ. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, 
vol. 28, No. 4, 1859, p. 414 ("mountainous interior of the 
Tenasserim provinces"; type specimen from "Woods near 
Theethoungplee. 3000 ft.," Amherst District, Tenasserim 
Division, Burma, ^(ie Tickell, ihid., No. 5, 1860, p. 450). 
Range: Reported only from the northwestern provinces (Tak). 

Stachyris striolata nigrescentior Deignan 

Stachyris striolata nigrescentior Deignan, Journ. Washington 

Acad. Sci., vol. 37, No. 3, Mar. 15, 1947, p. 104 (Khao Nok 

Ra [lat. 7°25' N., long. 99°55' E.], Trang Province, ThaUand). 

Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kra south 

to Trang. 

Stachyris niaculata maculata (Temminck) 

Timalia maculata Temminck, in Temminck and Laugier, Nouveau 
recueil de planches coloriees d'oiseaux, [livi*. 100,] vol. 2, 1836, 
pi. 594, fig. 2, and text (Borneo and Sumatra; type locality 
restricted to Borneo, by Robinson and Boden Kloss, The Ibis, 
1918, p. 588). 
Range: Reported only from the southwestern peninsular provinces 
(Krabi, Trang). 

Stachyris leucotis leucotis (Stricldand) 

Timalia leucotis Strickland, in Jardine, Contributions to orni- 
thology, for 1848, pt. 2, 1848, p. 63, pi. 12 (Malacca). 
Range: Reported only from the southwestern peninsular provinces 

(Trang). 



146 U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 2 26 

Stachyris nigricollis (Temminck) 

Timalia nigricollis Temminck, m Temminck and Laugier, Nouveau 
recucil de planches coloriees d'oiseaux, [livr. 100,] vol. 2, 1836, 
pi. 594, fig. 2, and text (Borneo). 
Range: The peninsular provinces south of the Isthmus of Kra 
(Nakhon Si Thammarat, Krabi, Trang, Pattani, Narathiwat). 

Stachyris erythroptera erythroptera (Blyth) 

T[imalia]. erythroptera Blyth, Journ. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, vol. 11, 
pt. 2, No. 128, [not eariier than December] 1842, p. 794 (Singa- 
pore Island, Malaya). 
Cyanoderma erythropterum sordida [sic] Stuart Baker, Bull. 
Brit. Orn. Club, vol. 38, No. 227, Oct. 30, 1917, p. 10 (Khlong 
Wang Hip, a stream near Sathani Thung Song [lat. 8°10' N., 
long. 99°40' E.], Nakhon Si Thammarat Province, and Sathani 
Map Ammarit [lat. 10°50' N., long. 99°20' E.], Chumphon 
Province, Thailand). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kra to the 
extreme South. 

Genus MACRONOUS Jardine and Selby 

Macronous gularis lutescens (Delacour) 

Mixornis rubricapilla lutescens Delacour, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 

vol. 47, No. 308, Nov. 6, 1926, p. 18 (Bao Ha [lat. 22°10' N., 

long. 104°21' E.], Yenbay Province, Tongking). 

Range: The northern portion of the northern plateau (Chiang 

Rai, Phayao) and provinces of the eastern plateau bordering the 

river Mae Khong from Loei to Ubon. 

Macronous gularis sulphureus (Rippon) 

Staehyridopsis sulphurea Rippon, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, vol. 11, 

No. 74, Oct. 27, 1900, p. 11 (Nammehet [lat. 20°26' N., long. 

97°28' E.], Mawkmai State, Southern Shan State, Upper 

Burma). 

Mixornis gularis minor Gyldenstolpe, Kungl. Svenska Vet.-Akad. 

Handl., band 56, No. 2, Oct. 19, 1916, p. 60 (Sathani Pha Kho 

[lat. 18°15' N., long. 99°55' E.], Phrae Province, Thailand). 

Range: The northern plateau (excepting areas inhabited by the 

preceding form) and the western provinces south to Kanchanaburi. 

Macronous gularis saraburiensis Deignan 

Macronus gularis saraburiensis Deignan, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash- 
ington, vol. 69, No. 36, Dec. 31, 1956, p. 209 (Sathani Hin 
Lap [lat. 14°40' N., long. 101°10' E.], Sara Burl Province, 
Thailand). 
Range: The southwestern portion of the eastern plateau (Sara 
Buri, Nakhon Ratchasima, Nakhon Nayok, Prachin Buri). 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 147 

Macronous gularis connectens (Boden Kloss) 

Mixornis rubricapilla connedeus [sic] Boden Kloss, Ibis, ser. 10, 
vol. 6, No. 2, Apr. 9, 1918, p. 207 ("about Lat. 10° N. [Malay 
Peninsula]"). 
Mixornis gularis deignani Meyer de Schauensee, Proc. Acad. 
Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, vol. 98, May 17, 1946, p. 67 (Khao 
Luang [lat. 11°40' N., long. 99°35' E.], Prachuap Khu-i Khan 
Province, Thailand). 
Range: The coastal areas of the southeastern provinces, the south- 
ern portion of the central plains, and the southwestern and peninsular 
provinces from Rat Buri to the Isthmus of Kra. 

Macronous gularis inveteratus (Oberholser) 

Mixornis gularis inveterata Oberholser, Smithsonian Misc. Coll., 
vol. 74, No. 2, Sept. 27, 1922, p. 5 (Ko Kut [lat. 11°40' N., 
long. 102°35' E.], Trat Province, Thailand). 
Range: Islets off the coast of the southeastern provinces (Ko Kut, 
Ko Chang). 

Macronous gularis chersonesophilus (Oberholser) 

Mixornis gularis chersonesophila Oberholser, Smithsonian Misc. 
Coll., vol. 74, No. 2, Sept. 27, 1922, p. 3 (Trang Province, 
Thailand). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from the vicinity of the Isthmus 
of Kra to the extreme South. 

Macronous ptilosus ptilosus Jardine and Selby 

Alaeronous ptilosus Jardine and Selby, Illustrations of orni- 
thology, vol. 3, pt. 10, December 1835, pi. 150 and text ("we 
purchased the skin with a collection of about fifty birds, 
said to be brought from the islands of Java and Sumatra"; 
type locality inferentially restricted to "the Malay Peninsula 
and Sumatra," by Hartert, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, vol. 36, 
1915, p. 36, and inferentially further restricted to Malacca, 
by Chasen, A handlist of Malaysian birds, 1935, p. 227). 
Range: The peninsular provinces south of the Isthmus of Kra 

from Surat Thani to the extreme South. 

Genus TIMALIA Horsfield 

Timalia pileata smithi Deignan 

Timalia pileata smithi Deignan, BuU. Brit. Orn. Club, vol. 75, 
No. 9, Dec. 1, 1955, p. 129 (King Chiang Saen [lat. 20°15' N., 
long. 100°05' E.], Chiang Rai Province, Thailand). 
Range: Reported only from the northern plateau (Chiang Mai, 
Chaiya Prakan, Chiang Rai, Phayao). 



148 U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 226 

Timalia pileata dictator Kinnear 

Timelia [sic] pileata dictator Kinnear, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 
vol. 50, No. 339, Mar. 5, 1930, p. 55 (Dran [lat. 11°49' N., 
long. 108°38' E.], Phanrang Province, Annam). 
Range: Reported from the eastern plateau and the southeastern 
provinces (Chon Buri). 

Timalia pileata patriciae Deignan 

Timalia pileata patriciae Deignan, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, vol. 

75, No. 9, Dec. 1, 1955, p. 129 (Ban Khlong Khlung [lat. 

16°10' N., long. 99°45' E.], Kamphaeng Phet Province, 

Thailand). 

Range: The western portion of the central plains from Kamphaeng 

Phet south to Prachuap Khiri Khan. 

Timalia pileata intermedia Kinnear 

Timalia pileata intermedia Kinnear, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, vol. 45, 
No. 290, Oct. 29, 1924, p. 9. New name for Timalia pileata 
jerdoni "Walden" Stuart Baker, The Fauna of British India, 
Birds, ed. 2, vol. 1, 1922, p. 227 (Pegu; type locality restricted 
to Toungoo, Toungoo District, Pegu Division, Burma, by 
Kinnear, loc. cit.), not Timalia Jerdoni Walden, 1872. 
Range: Reported only from the southwestern provinces (Kan- 
chanaburi). 

Genus CHRYSOMMA Blyth 

Chrysomma sinense sinense (Gmelin) 

[Parus] sinensis Gmelin, Caroli a Linne . . . Systema naturae, 

ed. 13, tom. 1, pars 2, 1789, p. 1012 ("in Sina"; type locahty 

restricted to Kwangtung Province, by Stresemann and Hein- 

rich, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, band 24, 1940, p. 205). 

Range: The northern plateau (Chiang Rai, Chaiya Prakan, Chiang 

Alai) and the western portion of the central plains (Naldion Sawan). 

Genus GARRULAX Lesson 

Garrulax monilegerus stuarti Meyer de Schauensee 

Garrulax moniliger hakeri Meyer de Schauensee, Proc. Acad. Nat. 
Sci. Philadelphia, vol. 87, Nov. 21, 1935, p. 409 (Nong Ho, a 
pond near Muang Chiang Mai [lat. 18°45' N., long. 99°00' E.], 
Chiang Mai Province, Thailand). 
Garrulax moniliger stuarti Meyer de Schauensee, Auk, vol. 72, 
No. 1, Feb. 28, 1955, p. 92. New name for Garrulax moni- 
liger hakeri Meyer de Schauensee, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila- 
delphia, vol. 87, Nov. 21, 1935, p. 409 (Nong Ho, near Muang 
Chiang Mai, Chiang Mai Province, Thailand), not Trochalop- 
teron phceniceum hakeri Hartert, 1909. 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 149 

Range: The western portion of the northern plateau (Chaiya 
Prakan, Chiang Mai, Lamphun). 

Garrulax monilegerus schauenseei Delacour and Greenway 

Garrulax moniliger schauenseei Delacoui- and Greenway, Bull. 

Brit. Orn. Club, vol. 59, No. 423, June 17, 1939, p. 132 (Chiang 

Khwang [lat. 19°19' N., long. 103 °22' E.], Chiang Khwang 

Province, Laos). 

Range: The eastern portion of the northern plateau (Chiang Rai, 

Phrae, Nan) and the northwestern portion of the eastern plateau 

(Loei). 

Garrulax monilegerus mouhoti Bowdler Sharpe 

Qarrulax mouhoti Bowdler Sharpe, Catalogue of the bu'ds in the 

British Museum, vol. 7, 1883, pp. 434 [in key], 444 (Cambodia). 

Garrulax moniliger [sic] leucotis Stuart Baker, Bull. Brit. Orn. 

Club, vol. 38, No. 227, Oct. 30, 1917, p. 8 (Ban Kabin Buri 

[lat. 14°00' N., long. 101 °45' E.], Prachin Bm'i Province, 

Thailand). 

Range: The southwestern portion of the eastern plateau and the 

southeastern provinces. 

Garrulax monilegerus fuscatus Stuart Baker 

Garrulax moniliger [sic\fuscata [sic] Stuart Baker, Bull. Brit. Orn. 
Club, vol. 38, No. 233, Apr. 30, 1918, p. 64 (Tavoy District, 
Tenasserim Division, Burma). 
Range: The southwestern provinces from southern Tak to Prachuap 
Khiri Khan. 

Garrulax pectoralis subfusus Kinnear 

Garrulax pectoralis meridionalis Robinson and Boden Kloss, Bull. 
Brit. Orn. Club, vol. 40. No. 245, Dec. 8, 1919, p. 11 (Hat Sanuk 
[about lat. 11°47' N., long. 99°38' E.], Prachuap Khuri Khan 
Province, Thailand). Not Trochalopterum meridionale Blan- 
ford, 1880. 
Garrulax pectoralis subfusa [sic] Kinnear, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 
vol. 44, No. 289, July 7, 1924, p. 103 (Mitan, Amherst District, 
Tennasserim Division, Burma). 
Range: The western provinces from Chiang Rai south to Prachuap 
Khiri Khan. 

Garrulax leucolophus diardi (Lesson) 

Turdus Diardi Lesson, Traite d'ornithologie, livr. 6, February 

1831, p. 408 ("la Cochinchine")- 
[Garrulax] leucogaster Walden, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, for 1866, 
pt. 3, April 1867, p. 549 ("some part of Siam"; type specimen 
from Cambodia, Jide Macdonald, in Meyer de Schauensee, 
Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, vol. 98, 1946, p. 61). 



150 U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 226 

Garrulax leucolophus peninsulae Meyer de Schauensee, Proc. 
Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, vol. 98, May 17, 1946, p. 60 
(Khao Luang [lat. 11°40' N., long. 99°35' E.], Prachuap Khiri 
Khan Province, Thailand). 
Garrulax leucolophus peninsularis Meyer de Schauensee, Proc. 
Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, vol. 98, July 10, 1946, p. 122. 
New name for Garrulax leucolophus peninsulae Meyer de 
Schauensee, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, vol. 98, May 
17, 1946, p. 60 (Khao Luang, Prachuap Khiri Khan Province, 
Thailand), not Trochalopterum peninsulse Bowdler Sharpe, 
1887. 
Range: The northern and eastern plateaus, the southeastern prov- 
inces, and the southwestern provinces (excepting areas inhabited by 
the following race) south to Prachuap Khiri Khan. 

Garrulax leucolophug belangeri Lesson 

Garrulax Belangeri Lesson, in Belanger, Voyage aux Indes- 
Orientales, . . . Zoologie, pt. 4, August 1832, p. 258, Atlas, 
Oiseaux, pi. 4 (Pegu Division, Lower Burma). 
Range: Reported only from the southwestern provinces (southern 
Tak, Kanchanaburi). 

Garrulax strepitans strepitans Blyth 

Garrulax strepitans "Tickell" Blyth, Journ. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, 

vol. 24, No. 3, [not earlier than April] 1855, p. 268 ("the 

mountainous interior of the Tenasserim provinces," Lower 

Burma). 

Range: Mountain forests of the western provinces from Chiang 

Rai south to Kanchanaburi. 

Garrulax strepitans ferrarius Riley 

Garrulax ferrarius Riley, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, vol. 43, 
No. 31, Nov. 29, 1930, p. 190 (Khao Kuap [lat. 12°25' N., 
long. 102°50' E.l, Trat Province, Thahand). 
Range: Reported only from the extreme southeastern provinces 
(Trat). 

Garrulax chinensis lochmius Deignan 

Garrulax chinensis lochmius Deignan, Zoologica, vol. 26, pt. 3, 
Oct. 31, 1941, p. 241 (King Chiang Saen [lat. 20°15' N., long. 
100°05' E.], Chiang Rai Province, Thailand). 
Range: The northern plateau, on the West south to Tak, and the 
northwestern portion of the eastern plateau (Loei). 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 151 

Garrulax chinensis propiiiquus (Salvadori) 

Dryonastes 'pro'pinquus Salvadori, Ann. AIus. Civ. Stor. Nat. 

Genova, ser. 3, vol. 6, 1915, p. 6 ("presso Thagata, a sud-ovest 

del Alooleyit," Amherst District, Tenasserim Division, Lower 

Burma). 

Range: Reported only from the southwestern provinces (southern 

Tak, Kanchanaburi, Rat Buri). 

Garrulax merulmus laoensis Meyer de Schauensee 

Garrulax (Stactocichla) merulinus laoensis Meyer de Schauensee, 

Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, vol. 90, June 11, 1938, p. 

27 (Doi Pha Hom Pok [lat. 20°05' N., long. 99°10' E.], Chaiya 

Prakan Province, Thailand). 

Range: Reported only from the northwestern portion of the 

northern plateau (Chaiya Prakan). 

Garrulax erythrocephalus schistaceus Deignan 

Garrulax erythrocephalus schistaceus Deignan, Proc. Biol. Soc. 

Washington, vol. 51, No. 21, May 19, 1938, p. 89 (Doi Luang 

Chiang Dao [lat. 19°25' N., long. 98°55' E.J, Chiang Mai 

Province, Thailand). 

Range: Reported only from the high mountains of Chaiya Prakan 

and northern Chiang Mai. 

Garrulax erythrocephalus melanostigma Blyth 

G[arrulax]. melanostigma Blyth, Journ. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, vol. 
24, No. 3, [not earher than April] 1855, p. 268 (Mulayit Taung, 
Amherst District, Tenasserim Division, Burma). 
Range: Reported only from the high mountains of southern Chiang 
Mai. 

Garrulax erythrocephalus subconnectens Deignan 

Garrulax erythrocephalus subconnectens Deignan, Proc. Biol. Soc. 

Washington, vol. 51, No. 21, May 19, 1938, p. 90 (Doi Phu 

Kha [lat. 19°05' N., long. 101 °05' E.], Nan Province, Thailand). 

Range: Reported only from the eastern portion of the northern 

plateau (Nan). 

Garrulax erythrocephalus peninsulae (Bowdler Sharpe) 

Trochalopterum peninsulae Bowlder Sharpe, Proc. Zool. Soc. 

London, pt. 3, No. 29, Oct. 1, 1887, p. 436, pi. 37 (Larut 

Range, Perak State, Malaya). 

Range: Reported only from the high mountains of the peninsular 

provinces south of the Isthmus of Kra (Surat Thani, Nakhon Si 

Thammarat). 

546^019—63 11 



152 U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 226 

Garrulax milnei sharpei (Rippon) 

Trochalopterum sharpei Rippon, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, vol. 12, 

No. 82, Oct. 30, 1901, p. 13 ("the Kauri-Kachin tract, to the 

east of Bhamo, and bordering on the south of the Tapeng 

River," Bhamo District, Kachin State, Upper Burma). 

Range: Reported only from mountains of the northern plateau 

(Chiang Rai, Chaiya Prakan, Chiang Mai). 

Genus LIOCICHLA Swinhoe 

Liocichla ripponi (Oates) 

Trochalopterum ripponi Oates, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, vol. 11, No. 
74, Oct. 27, 1900, p. 10 (Shan States, Burma). 
Range: Reported only from mountains of the northern plateau 
(Chaiya Prakan, Chiang Alai). 

Genus LEIOTHRIX Swainson 

Leiothrix argentauris galbana (Mayr and Greenway) 

Mesia argentauris galbana Mayr and Greenway, Proc. New Eng- 
land Zool. Club, vol. 17, Mar. 24, 1938, p. 3 (Doi Ang Ka [lat. 
18°35' N., long. 98°30' E.], Chiang Mai Province, Thailand). 
Range: Mountains of the northern plateau (Chiang Rai, Chaiya 
Prakan, Chiang Mai, Nan). 

Leiothrix argentauris tahanensis (Yen) 

Mesia argentauris tahanensis "Robinson" Yen, Science Journal 

[College of Science, Sun Yatsen University, Canton, China], 

vol. 6, No. 2, December 1934, pp. 378 [in key], 379 (Gunong 

Tahan [lat. 4°38' N., long. 102°14' E.], Pahang State, Malaya). 

Range: Mountains of the peninsular provinces south of the Isthmus 

of Kra (Surat Thani, Nakhon Si Thammarat). 

Genus CUTIA Hodgson 

Cutia nipalensis melanchima Deignan 

Cutia nipalensis melanchima Deignan, Journ. Washington Acad. 

Sci., vol. 37, No. 3, Mar. 15, 1947, p. 105 (Khao Pha Cho [lat. 

19°00' N., long. 99°25' E.], Chiang Mai Province, Thailand). 

Range: Mountains of the western portion of the northern plateau 

(Chaiya Prakan, Chiang Mai). 

Genus PTERUTHIUS Swainson 

Pteruthius flaviscapis aeralatus Blyth 

Pteruthius ssralatus "Tickell" Blyth, Journ. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, 
vol. 24, No. 3, [not earlier than April] 1855, p. 267 ("moun- 
tainous interior of the Tenasserim provinces," Lower Burma). 
Range: Mountains of the western portion of the northern plateau. 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 153 

Pteruthius flaviscapis ricketti Ogilvie-Grant 

Pterythius [sic] ricketti Ogilvie-Grant, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, vol. 
14, No. 108, June 25, 1904, p. 92 (Kuatun, Fukien Province, 
and Chingtung, southern Yunnan Province, China). 
Range: Reported only from the eastern portion of the northern 
plateau (Nan). 

Pteruthius flaviscapis schauenseei Deignan 

Pteruthius erythropterus schauenseei Deignan, Journ. Washington 
Acad. Sci., vol. 36, No. 12, Dec. 31, 1946, p. 428 (Khao Luang 
[lat. 8°30' N., long. 99°45' E.], Nakhon Si Thammarat Prov- 
ince, Thailand). 
Range: The peninsular provinces south of the Isthmus of Kra 
(Surat Thani, Nakhon Si Thammarat, Trang). 

Pteruthius melanotis melanotis Hodgson 

Pt[eruthius\. melanotis Hodgson, in Blyth, Journ. Asiatic Soc. 
Bengal, vol. 16, pt. 1, [not earlier than May] 1847, p. 448 ("The 
Terai, at the base of the S. E. Himalaya"; type specimen from 
Nepal, fide Gadow, Catalogue of the birds in the British 
Museum, vol. 8, 1883, p. 118). 
Range: Reported only from the eastern portion of the northern 
plateau (Nan). 

Pteruthius aenobarbus intermedius (Hume) 

Allotrius intermedius Hume, Stray Feathers, vol. 5, No. 2, June 

1877, pp. 112, 115 ("Central Tenasserim Hills"; type specimen 

from Mulayit Taung, fide Hume, in Hume and Davison, 

ibid., vol. 6, 1878, p. 370). 

Range: Mountains of the western portion of the northern plateau 

(Chiang Mai, Lamphun). 

Genus GAMPSORHYNCHUS Blyth 

Gampsorhynchus rufulus torquatus Hume 

Gampsorhyn^hus torquatus Hume, Proc. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, 

No. 5, [not earlier than May] 1874, p. 107 (no locality given; 

type specimen from "the banks of the Younzaleen below the 

Pine forests in the Salween district," Tenasserim Division, 

Lower Buimsi,fide Hume, Stray Feathers, vol. 2, 1874, p. 446). 

Range: The northern plateau (excepting Chiang Rai and Phayao), 

the northwestern portion of the eastern plateau (Loei, Phetchabun), 

and the western provinces south to Kanchanaburi. 



154 U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 226 

Genus ACTINODURA Gould 

Actinodura ramsayi ramsayi (Walclen) 

Adinura Ramsayi Walclen, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 4, vol. 15, 
No. 90, June 1875, p. 402 (Karcnni; type specimen from 
Kj^ebogj^i [lat. 19°21' N., long. 97°14' E.], Karenni State, 
Upper Bm'ma, fide Wardlaw Eamsay, in The ornithological 
works of Arthur, Ninth Marquis of Tweeddale, 1881, p. 415, 
footnote). 
Range: High mountains of the western portion of the northern 
plateau (Chaiya Prakan, Chiang Mai). 

Genus MI NLA Hodgson 

Minla strigula castanicauda (Hume) 

Siva castanicauda Hume, Stray Feathers, vol. 5, No. 2, June 1877, 
p. 100 (Mulayit Taung [lat. 16°ir N., long. 98°32' E.], Amherst 
District, Tenasserim Division, Burma). 
Range: High mountains of the western portion of the northern 
plateau (Chiang Mai). 

Minla cyanouroptera sordida (Hume) 

Siva sordida Hume, Stray Feathers, vol. 5, No. 2, June 1877, 
p. 104 (Mulayit Taung, Amherst District, Tenasserim Division, 
Burma). 
Range: Mountains of the western portion of the northern plateau 
(Chaiya Prakan, Chiang Mai). 

Minla cyanouroptera wingatei (Ogilvie-Grant) 

Siva wingatei Ogilvie-Grant, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, vol. 10, No. 68, 
Jan. 31, 1900, p. xxxviii (near Kunming, Yunnan Province, 
China). 
Range: Reported from mountains of the northeastern portion of the 
northern plateau (Chiang Kai, Nan). 

Minla cyanouroptera sordidior (Bowdler Sharpe) 

Siva sordidior Bowdler Sharpe, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, pt. 3, 
No. 19, Oct. 1, 1888, p. 276 (Batang Padang Mountains, 
Perak State, Malaya). 
Range: Mountains of the peninsular provinces south of the Isthmus 
of Kj-a (Surat Thani, Naldion Si Thammarat). 

Genus YUHINA Hodgson 

Yuhina castaniceps striata (Blyth) 

Ixulus striatus Blyth, Journ. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, vol. 28, No. 4, 
1859, p. 413 ("mountainous interior of the Tenasserim prov- 
inces"; type specimen from "Near Teethoungplee, 3000 feet," 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 155 

Amherst District, Tenasserim Division, Burma, fide Tickell, 
ibid., p. 452). 
Range: The northwestern provinces from Chaiya Prakan south to 
Tak. 

Yuhina castaniceps torqueola Swinhoe 

Siva torqueola Swinhoe, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 4, vol. 5, No. 
27, March 1870, p. 174 (Tingchow Mountains, Fukien Prov- 
ince, China). 
Range: Reported only from the eastern portion of the northern 
plateau (Nan). 

Yuhina fiavicollis rogersi Deignan 

f uhina flavicollis rogersi Deignan, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 
vol. 50, No. 59, Dec. 28, 1937, p. 217 (Doi Phu Kha [lat. 
19°05' N., long. 101 °05' E.], Nan Province, Thailand). 
Range: Mountains of the eastern portion of the northern plateau 
(Nan). 

Yuhina zantholeuca zanlholeuca (Hodgson) 

Erp[ornis]. zantholeuca Hodgson, in Bl3'th, Journ. Asiatic Soc. 
Bengal, vol. 13, pt. 1, No. 149, [not earher than November] 
1844, p. 380 (Nepal). 
Range: The western provinces from Chai3^a Prakan south to 
Prachuap Khiri Khan. 

Yuhina zantholeuca tyrannulus (Swinhoe) 

Herpornis tyrannulus Swinhoe, Ibis, ser. 2, vol. 6, No. 23, July 
1870, p. 347, pi. 10 (central Hainan). 
Range: The eastern portion of the northern plateau (Phrae, Nan) 
and the northwestern portion of the eastern plateau (Loei). 

Yuhina zantholeuca sordida (Robinson and Boden Kloss) 

Herpornis zantholeuca sordida Robinson and Boden Kloss, Ibis, 
ser. 11, vol. 1, No. 4, Oct. 23, 1919, p. 588 (Da Ban [lat. 12°38' 
N., long. 109°06' E.j, Phanrang Province, Annam). 
Range: Reported only from the easternmost portion of the eastern 
plateau (Ubon). 

Yuhina zantholeuca canescens (Delacour and Jabouille) 

Erpornis xantholeuca canescens Delacour and Jabouille, Bull. Brit. 

Orn. Club, vol. 48, No. 325, July 10, 1928, p. 132 (Le Boc 

Kor [lat. 10°37' N., long. 104°03' E.], Kampot Province, 

Cambodia). 

Range: The southwestern portion of the eastern plateau (Sara Buri, 

Nakhon Ratchasima, Prachin Buri) and the southeastern provinces 

(Chon Buri, Rayong, Chanthaburi, Trat). 



156 U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 2 26 

Yuhina zantholeuca interposita (Hartert) 

Herpornis xantholeuca interposita Hartert, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 
vol. 38, No. 228, Dec. 4, 1917, p. 20 (Temengor [lat. 5°19' N., 
long. 101°24' E.], Perak State, Malaya). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kra to the 
extreme South. 

Genus ALCIPPE Blyth 

Alcippe castaneceps castaneceps (Hodgson) 

[Minla] Castaneceps Hodgson, The India Review and Journal of 
Foreign Science and the Arts, vol. 2, No. 1, April 1837, p. 33 
([Nepal]); type locality restricted to the Chandragiri Pass, near 
Katmandu, by Ripley, Journ. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc, vol. 
49, No. 3, December 1950, p. 397). 
Range: Mountains of the northwestern provinces from Chaiya 
Prakan south to Tak. 

Alcippe castaneceps exul Delacour 

Alcippe castaneiceps exul Delacour, L'Oiseau et la Revue fran- 

gaise d'Ornithologie, nouv. ser., vol. 2, No. 3, July 10, 1932, 

p. 427 (Phu Kong Ntoul [about lat. 15°23' N., long. 106°25' 

E.], Sara vane Province, Laos). 

Range: Reported only from the eastern portion of the northern 

plateau (Nan). 

Alcippe rufogularis major (Stuart Baker) 

Schceniparus rufigularis major Stuart Baker, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 

vol. 41, No. 253, Nov. 9, 1920, p. 11 (Ban Pak Mat [lat. 18°52' 

N., long. 101 °51' E.], Luang Phrabang Province, Laos). 

Range: Reported from the eastern portion of the northern plateau 

(Nan) and the northwestern portion of the eastern plateau (Loei). 

Alcippe rufogularis khmerensis (Meyer de Schauensee) 

Schoeniparus rufogularis khmerensis Meyer de Schauensee, Proc. 

Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, vol. 90, June 11, 1938, p. 27 (Ban 

Bang Phra [lat. 12°15' N., long. 102 ''30' E.], Trat Province, 

Thailand). 

Range: Reported only from the southeastern provinces (Chantha- 

buri, Trat). 

Alcippe brunneicauda brunneicauda (Salvadori) 

Hyloterpe brunneicauda Salvadori, Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. 
Genova, vol. 14, Apr. 22, 1879, p. 210 C'Ayer Manchor," a 
waterfall at 10 kilometres from Padang Panjang [lat. 0°29' S., 
long. 100°22' E.] on the road to the Padang Highlands, Su- 
matra). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from Nakhon Si Thammarat 
and Krabi to the extreme South. 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 157 

Alcippe poioicephala haringtoniae Hartert 

Alcippe haringtonise Hartert, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, vol. 25, No. 
154, Nov. 4, 1909, p. 10 (Bhamo [lat. 24°15' N., long. 97°14' 
E.], Kachin State, Upper Burma). 
Range: The northwestern provinces from Chiang Rai south to north- 
ern Tak. 

Alcippe poioicephala alearis (Bangs and Van Tyne) 

Alcippornis poiocephala alearis Bangs and Van Tyne, Publ. Field 
Mus. Nat. Hist. Zool. Ser., vol. 18, No.l, Apr. 9, 1930, p. 4 
(Muang Mun [lat. 21°42' N., long. 103°21' E.], Laichau Prov- 
ince, Tongking). 
Range: The eastern portion of the northern plateau (Nan, Uttaradit) 
and the northwestern portion of the eastern plateau (Loei). 

Alcippe poioicephala karenni Robinson and Boden Kloss 

Alcippe phxocephala karenni Robinson and Boden Kloss, Journ. 
and Proc. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, new ser., vol. 18, No. 10, Nov. 30, 
1923, p. 563. New name for Alcippe magnirostris Walden, in 
Blyth, Journ. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, vol. 43, pt. 2, extra No., 1875, 
p. 115 (Karenni State, Upper Burma), not Alcippe magniros- 
tris Moore, 1854. 
Range: Evergreen forests of the southwestern provinces from 
southern Tak south to Prachuap Khiri Khan. 

Alcippe poioicephala davisoni Harington 

Alcippe phseocephala davisoni Harington, Journ. Bombay Nat. 
Hist. Soc, vol. 23, No. 3, Feb. 2, 1915, pp. 447 [in key], 453 
("Tavoy, Mergui and to the south . . ."; type locality here 
restricted to the Mergui District, Tenasserim Division, Lower 
Burma). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kra south to 
Trang. 

Alcippe peracensis eremita Riley 

Alcippe nipalensis eremita Riley, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, vol. 
49, No. 5, Mar. 9, 1936, p. 25 (Khao Saming [lat. 12°21' N., 
long. 102 °27' E.], Trat Province, Thailand). 
Range: Reported only from the southeastern provinces (Chantha- 
buri, Trat). 

Alcippe morrisonia fraterculus Rippon 

Alcippe fratercula [sic] Rippon, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, vol. 11, No. 
74, Oct. 27, 1900, p. 11 (Southern Shan State, Upper Burma). 
Range: Reported only from mountains of the northern plateau 
(Chiang Rai, Chaiya Prakan, Chiang Mai, Lamphun, Nan). 



158 U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 226 

Genus HETEROPHASIA Blyth 

Heterophasia annectens mixta Deignan 

Hetero2)hasia annectens mixta Deignan, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash- 
ington, vol. 61, No. 2, Mar. 4, 1948, p. 15 (Doi Plia Horn Pok 
[lat. 20°05' N., long. 99°10' E.], Chaiya Prakan Province, 
Thailand). 
Range: Mountains of the north westernmost provinces (Chaiya 
Prakan). 

Heterophasia annectens saturata (Walden) 

L[eioptila]. saturata Walden, in Wardlaw Ramsay, Ibis, ser. 3, 
vol. 5, No. 19, July 1875, p. 352, footnote (Karenni State, 
Burma). 
Range: Mountains of the western portion of the northern plateau 
(excepting Chaiya Prakan). 

Heterophasia melanoleuca melanoleuca (Blyth) 

Sibia melanoleuca "Tickell" Blyth, Journ. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, 
vol. 28, No. 4, 1859, p. 413 ("mountainous interior of the 
Tenasserim provinces"; type specimen from Mulayit Taung 
[lat. 16°11' N., long. 98°32' E.], Amherst District, Tenasserim 
Division, Burma, Jide Tickell, ibid., p. 451). 
Leioptila melanoleuca laeta Meyer de Schauensee, Proc. Acad. 
Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, vol. 81, Aug. 12, 1929, p. 470 (Doi 
Suthep [lat. 18°50' N., long. 98°55' E.], Chiang Mai Province, 
Thailand). 
Range: Mountains of the western portion of the northern plateau 
(Chiang Rai, Chaiya Prakan, Chiang Mai). 

Heterophasia picaoides cana (Riley) 

Sibia picaoides cana Riley, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, vol. 42, 
No. 16, May 29, 1929, p. 166 (Doi Ang Ka [lat. 18°35' N., 
long. 98°30' E.], Chiang Mai Province, Thailand). 
Range: Reported from mountains of the northern plateau (Cliiang 
Rai, Chaiya Prakan, Chiang Mai, Nan). 

Subfamify ORTHONYCHINAE 
Genus EUPETES Temminck 

Eupetes macrocerus macrocerus Temminck 

Eupetes macrocerus Temminck, in Temminck and Laugier, Nou- 
veau recueil de planches coloriees d'oiseaiLX, [livr. 87,] vol. 2, 
January 1831, pi. 516 and text (Padang [lat. 0°58' S., long. 
100°21' E.], Sumatra). 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 159 

Eupetes macrocercus [sic] griseiventris Stuart Baker, Bull. Brit. Orn. 

Club, vol. 38, No. 227, Oct. 30, 1917, p. 8 (Sathani Thung 

Song [lat. 8°10' N., long. 99°40' E.], Nakhon Si Thammarat 

Province, Thailand). 

Range: The peninsular provinces south of the Isthmus of Kra (Surat 

Thani, Nakhon Si Thammarat, Trang). 

Subfamily PARADOXORNITHINAE 

Paradoxoniis nipalensis feae (Salvadori) 

Suthora Feae Salvadori, Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. Genova, ser. 
2, vol. 7, July 1, 1889, p. 363 ("nei Monti Carin," Burma). 
Range: Reported from mountains of the western portion of the 
northern plateau (Chiang Mai). 

Paradoxoniis davidianus thompsoni (Bingham) 

Suthora thomjjsoni Bingham, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, vol. 13, No. 

97, Apr. 29, 1903, p. 63 (". . . north-east of Kyatpyin village 

near the Paunglaung stream," Loilong State, Southern Shan 

State, Burma). 

Range: Reported only from the northwestern portion of the eastern 

plateau (Loei). 

Paradoxornis gularis transfluvialis (Hartert) 

Scaeorhynchus gularis transfiumalis Hartert, Nov. Zool., vol. 7, 
No. 3, Dec. 8, 1900, p. 548 (Guilang, United District of Mikir 
and North Cachar Hills, Assam State, India) . 
Range: The western portion of the northern plateau (Chaiya Prakan, 
Chiang Mai, Tak). 

Paradoxornis gularis laotianus (Delacour) 

Psittiparus gularis laotianus Delacour, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, vol. 
47, No. 308, Nov. 6, 1926, p. 19 (Chiang Khwang [lat. 19°19' 
N., long. 103°22' E.], Chiang Khwang Province, Laos). 
Range: The eastern portion of the northern plateau (mountains of 
the Khun Tan Range). 

Paradoxornis guttaticollis David 

Paradoxornis guttaticollis David, Nouv. Arch. Mus. [Paris], tome 
7, Bull., [not earlier than Nov. 4,] 1871, pp. 8 [nomen nudum!], 
14 ("Setchuan-Moupin," China; type specimen from "le Setch- 
uan occidental, "^f/e David, in David and Oustalet, Les oiseaux 
de la Chine, 1877, p. 204). 
Range: Reported only from the northwestern portion of the northern 
plateau (Chaiya Prakan). 



160 U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 2 26 

Subfamily TURDINAE 

Genus BRACHYPTERYX Horsfield 

Brachypteryx leucophrys carolinae La Touche 

Brachypteryx carolinx La Touche, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, vol. 8, 

No. 56, Oct. 31, 1898, p. ix (Kuatuug, Fukien Province, China). 

Heteroxenicus nangka Riley, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, vol. 45, 

No. 15, Apr. 2, 1932, p. 59 (Ban Mae Ton [lat. 18°55' N., long. 

99°15' E.], Chiang Mai Province, Thailand). 

Range: Evergreen forests of the western portion of the northern 

plateau (Chiang Mai). 

Brachypteryx leucophrys wrayi Ogilvie-Grant 

Brachypteryx wrayi Ogilvie-Grant, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, vol. 19, 

No. 127, Oct. 29, 1906, p. 10 (Gunong BatuPuteh, Perak State, 

and Gunong Tahan [lat. 4°38' N., long. 102°14' E.], Pahang 

State, Malaya). 

Range: Mountains of the peninsular provinces south of the Isthmus 

of Kra (Surat Thani, Nakhon Si Thammarat) . 

Brachypteryx montana cruralis (Blyth) 

Calliope (? Gould) cruralis Blyth, Journ. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, 

vol. 12, pt. 2, No. 143, [not earher than December?] 1843, pp. 

929, 933 (Darjeeling, Darjeeling District, Bengal State, India 

[type specimen from Sikkim, fide Finn, List of the birds in the 

Indian Museum, 1901, p. 69]). 

Range: Reported only from high mountains of the western portion 

of the northern plateau (summit of Doi Ang Ka [lat. 18°35' N., long. 

98°30' E.]). 

Genus ERITHACUS Cuvier 

Erithacus caUiope calliope (Pallas) 

Motacilla Calliope Pallas, Reise durch verschiedene Provinzen des 

russischen Reichs, vol. 3, 1776, pp. 261, 325, 697 (". . . a 

lenisea vsque ad Lenam," Russian SFSR). 

Range: A visitor from northern Asia, reported on migration or in 

winter from the northern and eastern plateaus, the central plains, 

and the western provinces south to Kanchanaburi. 

Erithacus pectoralis tschebaiewi (Przevalski) 

Calliope tschebaiem Przevalski, Mongol i Strana Tangut, vol. 2, 
1876, p. 44, pi. 9, fig. 1 (Kansu Province, China). 
Range: A visitor from central Asia, reported on migration or in 
winter from the central plains (Bangkok). 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 161 

Erithacus svecicus svecicus (Linnaeus) 

[Motacilla] svecica Linnaeus, Systema naturae, ed. 10, torn. 1, 

1758, p. 187 {"in Europse alpinis"; type locality restricted to 

"Schweden und Lappland," by Hartert, Die Vogel der palaark- 

tischen Fauna, heft 6, 1910, p. 745, ex Fauna Svecica). 

Range: A visitor from northern Asia, reported on migration or in 

winter from the northern and eastern plateaus and the central plains. 

Erithacus cyane cyane (PaUas) 

Motacilla Cyane Pallas, Reise durch verschiedene Provinzen des 
russischen Reichs, vol. 3, 1776, pp. 220 (footnote), 697 ("In 
Dauuriae extremis campis inter Ononem et Argunum . . . ," 
Russian SFSR). 
Range: A visitor from northern Asia, reported on migration or in 
winter from the northern and eastern plateaus, the southeastern prov- 
inces, and the western and peninsular provinces south to Trang. 

Genus TARSIGER Hodgson 

Tarsiger cyanurus ussuriensis Stegmann 

Tarsiger cyanurus ussuriensis "Sushk, (in litt.)" Stegmann, 

Ezhegodnik Zoologicheskovo Muzeia, Akademiia Nauk SSSR 

[Annuaire du Musee Zoologique, Academie des Sciences de 

rU.R.S.S.], vol. 29, 1929, p. 229 (Ussuriland and Manchuria). 

Range: A visitor from northeastern Asia, reported on migration or 

in winter from the western portion of the northern plateau (Chiang 

Mai). 

Tarsiger cyanurus rufilatus (Hodgson) 

N[emura]. rufilatus Hodgson, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, pt. 13, No. 
146, August 1845, p. 27 ([Nepal]). 
Range: A visitor from the North, reported on migration or in winter 
from the western portion of the northern plateau (Chaiya Prakan, 
Chiang Mai). 

Genus COPSYCHUS Wagler 

Copsychus saularis saularis Linnaeus 

[Oracula] Saularis Linnaeus, Systema naturae, ed. 10, tom. 1, 

1758, p. 109 (Asia; type locality restricted to Bengal State, 

India, by Hartert, Nov. Zool., vol. 9, 1902, p. 571, ex Edwards). 

Range: The northwestern provinces from Chiang Rai south to Tak, 

Copsychus saularis erimelas Oberholser 

Copsychus saularis erimelas Oberholser, Smithsonian Misc. Coll., 
vol. 76, No. 6, July 16, 1923, p. 1 (Kawkareik [lat. 16°35' N., 
long. 98°15' E.], Amherst District, Tenasserim Division, 
Burma). 



162 U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 2 26 

Range: The eastern portion of the northern plateau (Phrae, Nan, 
Uttaradit), the eastern plateau, the southeastern provinces, 
the central plains, and the southwestern provinces from south- 
ern Tak to Prachuap Khiri Khan. 

Copsychus saiilaris musicus (Raffles) 

Lanius musicus Raffles, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, vol. 13, pt. 2, 
[not earlier than November] 1822, p. 307 (Sumatra; type 
locaUty restricted to Benkulen [lat. 3°47' S., long. 102°15' E.], 
by Kinnear and Robinson, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, vol. 47, No. 
315, 1927, p. 130). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kra to the 
extreme South, 

Copsychus malabaricus indicus (Stuart Baker) 

Kittacincla macroura indica Stuart Baker, Fauna of British India, 
Birds, ed. 2, vol. 2, May 7, 1924, pp. x [nomen nudum!], 117 
[in key], 118 (The Duars, Assam State, India). 
Range: The northwestern provinces from Chiang Rai south to Tak. 

Copsychus malabaricus interpositus (Robinson and Boden Kloss) 
Kittacincla malabarica interposita Robinson and Boden Kloss, 
Journ. Federated Malay States Mus., vol. 10, pt. 4, December 
1922, p. 262 (Da Ban [lat. 12°38' N., long. 109°06' E.], Phan- 
rang Province, Annam). 
Range: The eastern portion of the northern plateau (Lampang, 
Phrae, Nan, Uttaradit), the eastern plateau, the southeastern pro- 
vinces, the central plains, and the southwestern provinces from south- 
ern Tak to Prachuap Khiri Khan. 

Copsychus malabaricus pellogynus (Oberholser) 

Kittacincla malabarica pellogyna Oberholser, Smithsonian Misc. 

Cofl., vol. 76, No. 6, July 16, 1923, p. 4 (Bok Pjan [lat. 11°16' 

N., long. 98°46' E., Mergui District, Tenasserim Division, 

Burma). 

Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Ki-a to the 

extreme South. 

Genus PHOENICURUS Forster 

Phoenicurus auroreus leucopterus Blyth 

Phoenicura leucoptera Blyth, Journ. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, vol. 12, 
pt. 2, No. 143, [not earlier than December ?] 1843, p. 962 
("The Malay Peninsula"). 
Range: A visitor from the North, reported on migration or in win- 
ter from the northern plateau (Chiang Rai, Chaiya Prakan, Chiang 
Mai). 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 163 

Genus RHYACORNIS Blanford 

Rhyacornis fuliginosus tenuirostris (Stresemann) 

Chimarrornis fuliginosa tenuirostris Stresemann, Journ. fiir Orn., 
jahxg. 71, heft 2/3, June 15, 1923, p. 364 (Siuhang, Kwangtung 
Province, China). 
Range: Reported from mountain streams of the northern plateau 
(Chiang Rai, Chaiya Prakan, Chiang Mai). 

Genus MYIOMELA G. R. Gray 

IVIyiomela leucura leucura (Hodgson) 

AI[uscisylvia]. leucura Hodgson, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, pt. 13, 
No. 146, August 1845, p. 27 ({Nepal]). 
Range: Evergreen forests of the northern plateau (Chiang Rai, 
Chaiya Prakan, Chiang Mai, Lamphun, Nan). 

Genus ENICURUS Temminck 

Euicurus rufficapillus Temminck 

Enicurus rufficapillus Temminck, in Temminck and Laugier, 

Nouveau recueil de planches coloriees d'oiseaux, [livr. 90,] vol. 

3, July 1832, pi. 534 and text (Palembang [lat. 3°00' S., long. 

104 °44' E.], Sumatra). 

Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kra to the 

extreme South. 

Enicurus immaculatus (Hodgson) 

[Motacilla (Enicurus)] Immaculatus Hodgson, Asiatick Researches, 
vol. 19, pt. Ij [not earher than September] 1836, p. 190 (Nepal). 
Range: Reported from the western portion of the northern plateau 
(Mae Hong Son). 

Enicurus schistaceus (Hodgson) 

[Motacilla (Enicurus)] Schistaceus Hodgson, Asiatick Researches, 

vol. 19, pt. 1, [not earlier than September] 1836, p. 189 (Nepal). 

Range: The northern plateau, the northwestern portion of the 

eastern plateau (Loed), and the western provinces south to Prachuap 

Khiri Khan. 

Enicurus leschenaulti indicus Hartert 

Enicurus leschenaulti indicus Hartert, Die Vogel der palaark- 
tischen Fauna, band 1, heft 6, June 1910, p. 760 (Margherita, 
Lakhimpur District, Assam State, India). 
Range: The northern plateau, on the West south to southern Tak, 
and the northwestern portion of the eastern plateau (Loei). 



164 U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 226 

Enicurus leschenaulti frontalis Blyth 

E[nicurus]. frontalis Blyth, Journ. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, vol. 16, 
pt. 1, [not earlier than February} 1847, p. 156 (Malay Pen- 
insula). 
Range: The peninsular provinces south of the Isthmus of Kra. 

Genus COCHOA Hodgson 

Cochoa purpurea Hodgson 

Cochoa purpurea Hodgson, Journ. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, vol. 5, 
No. 54, June 1836, p. 359 (Nepal). 
Range: Evergreen forests of the northern plateau (Chiang Rai, 
Chiang Mai). 

Cochoa viridis Hodgson 

Co[choa]. Viridis Hodgson, Journ. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, vol. 5, 
No. 54, June 1836, p. 359 (Nepal). 
Range: Evergreen forests of the northern plateau (Chiang Rai, 
Chiang Mai, Lamphun, Nan). 

Genus SAXICOLA Bechstein 

Saxicola torquata yunnanensis (La Touche) 

Pratincola torquata yunnanensis La Touche, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 

vol. 43, No. 278, Apr. 30, 1923, p. 134 (Shuitang [lat. 23°05' N., 

long. 103 °39' E.], Yunnan Province, China). 

Range: A visitor from southern China, reported on migration or 

in winter from the northernmost portion of the northern plateau 

(Chiang Rai, Chaiya Prakan). 

Saxicola torquata maura (Pallas) 

Motacilla maura Pallas, Reise durch verschiedene Provinzen des 

russischen Reichs, vol. 2, 1773, pp. 428, 708 ("Karasulsk, N.W. 

of Ishim, 69° E., 56° N.," Tyumen Oblast, Russian SFSR, Jide 

Ticehurst, Ibis, 1938, p. 339, footnote). 

Range: A visitor from northern Asia, reported on migration or in 

winter from the northern and eastern plateaus, the southeastern 

provinces, the central plains, and the western and peninsular provinces 

south to the Isthmus of KJra. 

Saxicola caprata burmanica Stuart Baker 

Saxicola caprata burmanica Stuart Baker, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 

vol. 43, No. 271, Oct. 27, 1922, p. 19 (Pegu, Pegu District, 

Pegu Division, Burma). 

Range: The northern plateau (Chiang Rai, Chaiya Prakan, Mae 

Hong Son, Chiang Mai, Tak), the northwestern portion of the eastern 

plateau (Phetchabun), and the northwestern portion of the central 

plains (Kamphaeng Phet). 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 165 

Saxicola ferrea J. E. Gray 

Saxicola jerrea J. E. Gray, Catalogue of the specimens and draw- 
ings of Mammalia and birds of Nepal and Thibet, presented 
by B. H. Hodgson, Esq. to the British Museum, 1846, pp. 71 
[nomen nudum!], 153 (Nepal). 
Range: A visitor from the North, reported on migration or in winter 
from the northern plateau and the northwestern portion of the eastern 
plateau (Loei). 

Genus CHAIMARRORNIS Hodgson 

Chaimarrornis leucocephalus leucocephalus (Vigors) 

Phcenicura leucocephala Vigors, Proc, Comm. Sci. Corr. Zool, 
Soc. London, pt. 1, No. 3, Mar. 2, 1831, p. 35 (Himalayas). 
Range: Mountain streams of the western portion of the northern 
plateau (Chaiya Prakan, Chiang Mai) and the northwestern portion 
of the eastern plateau (Loei) . 

Genus MONTICOLA Boie 

Monticola gularis (Swinhoe) 

Oroecetes gularis Swinhoe, Ibis, vol. 5, No. 17, January 1863, 

p. 93, pi. 3 (''Northern China"; type specimen from Tientsin, 

Hopeh Province, China., Jide Swinhoe, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 

for 1862, pt. 3, February 1863, pp. 315, 318). 

Range: A visitor from northeastern Asia, reported on migration 

or in winter from the northern plateau (Chiang Mai, Lamphun), the 

eastern plateau (Ubon), the southeastern provinces (Chanthaburi, 

Trat), and the peninsular provinces south of the Isthmus of Kra 

(Krabi). 

Monticola rufiventris sinensis A. C. Meinertzhagen 

Monticola rufiventris sinensis A. C. Meinertzhagen, Bull. Brit. 

Orn. Club, vol. 47, No. 316, July 14, 1927, p. 148 (Kuatung, 

Fukien Province, China). 

Range: A visitor from the North, reported on migation or in winter 

from the western portion of the northern plateau (Chaiya Prakan, 

Mae Hong Son, Chiang Mai, Lamphun) . 

Monticola solitarius affinis (Blyth) 

P[etrocincla]. affinis Blyth, Journ. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, vol. 12, 

pt. 1, No. 134, [not earlier than March] 1843, p. 177* (Dar- 

jeeling, Darjeeling District, Bengal State, India, and Tenas- 

serim Division, Burma). 

Range: A visitor from the North, reported on migration or in winter 

from the northern and eastern plateaus, the southeastern provinces, 

the central plains, and the western and peninsular provinces south to 

the Isthmus of Kra. 



166 U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 2 26 

Monticola solitarius philippensis (Statins Miiller) 

Turdus Philippensis Statius Miiller, Vollstiindigen Natursystems 

Supplements- und Register-Band, 1776, p. 145 (Philippine 

Islands, ex Buffon). 

Range: A visitor from the Northeast, reported on migration or in 

winter from the eastern portion of the northern plateau (Lampang, 

Phrae), the eastern plateau, the southeastern provinces, the southern 

portion of the central plains, and the peninsular provinces from the 

Isthmus of Kra south to Trang. 

Genus MYOPHONUS Temminck 

Myophonus caerulevis caeruleus (Scopoli) 

Gracula (caerulea) Scopoli, Deliciae florae et faunae Insubricae, 
pars. 2, 1786, p. 88, sp. 42 (China, ex Sonnerat; type locaHty 
restricted to Canton, Kwangtung Province, by Stresemann, 
Abh. Ber. Mus. Tierk. Volkerk. Dresden, band 16, hft. 2, 1924, 
p. 28). 
Range: A visitor from the North, reported on migration or in 
winter from the western portion of the northern plateau (Chaiya 
Prakan, Mae Hong Son, Chiang Mai, Lamphun) and the north- 
western portion of the eastern plateau (Loei). 

Myophonus caeruleus temmmckii Vigors 

Myophonus Temminckii Vigors, Proc. Comm. Sci. Corr. Zool. 

Soc. London, pt. 1, No. 14, Mar. 2, 1832, p. 171 (Himalayas). 

Myophonus caeruleus rileyi Deignan, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 

vol. 51, No. 6, Feb. 18, 1938, p. 25 (Doi Ang Ka [lat. 18°35' N., 

long. 98°30' E.], Chiang Mai Province, Thailand). 

Range: A visitor from the Northwest, reported on migration or in 

winter from the western portion of the northern plateau (Chaiya 

Prakan, Chiang Mai). 

Myophonus caeruleus eugenei (Hiune) 

Myiophoneus Eugenei Hume, Stray Feathers, vol. 1, No. 6, 
December 1873, p. 475 (Thayetmyo, Thayetmyo District, 
Magwe Division, and "the western Pegu Hills," Burma). 
?Myiophoneus klossii Robinson, Ibis, ser. 10, vol. 3, No. 4, Oct. 8, 
1915, p. 750 (Ko Mai Si [lat. 11°55' N., long. 102°30' E.], an 
islet off the coast of Trat Province, Thailand). 
Myiophoneus stonei Meyer de Schauensee, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 
Philadelphia, vol. 81, Aug. 12, 1929, p. 469 ("Chieng Mai"= 
the foot of Doi Suthep [lat. 18°50' N., long. 98°55' E.], Chiang 
Mai Province, Thailand). 
Range: The northern plateau, the eastern plateau (Loei, Sakon 
Nakhon, Sara Buri, Lop Buri), and the western and peninsular pro- 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 167 

vinces south to Prachuap Khiri Khan, but also reported, on migration 
or in winter, from islets off the coast of Trat. 

Myophonus caeruleus crassirostris (Robinson) 

Myiophoneus crassirostris Robinson, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, vol. 25, 
No. 160, May 12, 1910, p. 99 (Ban Khok Khan [lat. 7°34' N., 
long. 99°38' E.], Trang Province, Thailand). 
Myophonus temminckii changensis Riley, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washing- 
ton, vol. 41, No. 48, Dec. 18, 1928, p. 207 (Ko Chang [lat. 
12°00' N., long. 102°30' E.], off the coast of Trat Province, 
Thailand). 
Range: Coastal regions of the southeastern provinces (Trat, Chan- 
thaburi) and the peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kra south 
to Satun. 

Myophonus caeruleus dicrorhynchus Salvadori 

Myophonus dicrorhynchus Salvadori, Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. 
Genova, vol. 14, Apr. 22, 1879, p. 227 ("Ayer Manchor," a 
waterfall at 10 kilometres from Padang Panjang [lat. 0°29' S., 
long. 100°22' E.] on the road to the Padang Highlands, Su- 
matra). 
Range: Reported from the southernmost peninsular provinces 
(Pattani, Yala, Narathiwat). 

Genus ZOOTHERA Vigors 

Zoothera interpres interpres (Temminck) 

Turdus interpres "Kuhl" Temminck, in Temminck and Laugier, 
Nouveau recueil de planches coloriees d'oiseaux, [Uvr. 75,] 
vol. 2, [late in] 1827, pi. 458 and text (Java and Sumatra). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kra to the 
extreme South. 

Zoothera sibirica sibirica (Pallas) 

Turdus sibiricus Pallas, Reise durch verschiedene Provinzen 
des russischen Reichs, vol. 3, 1776, p. 694 (". . . in syluis 
alpinis et borealioribus Sibiriae . . . "; type specimen from 
the river Konda, Buryat-Mongol ASSR, Russian SFSR, fide 
Pallas, ihid., p. 186 [where called T. alpinus, nomen nudum]). 
Range: A visitor from northern Asia, reported on migration or in 
winter from the western portion of the northern plateau (Chiang Mai). 

Zoothera citrina iiinotata (Blyth) 

Oeocichla innotota [sic] Blyth, Journ. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, vol. 15, 
No. 173, [not earlier than Dec. 2,] 1846, p. 370 (Nicobar 
Islands and Malaya; type locality restricted to the Malay 
Peninsula, by Blyth, ihid., vol. 16, 1847, p. 146). 

546-019 — 63 12 



168 TJ.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 2 26 

Range: Reported from the western portion of the northern plateau 
(Chiang Mai, Lamphun, Tak) and the northwestern portion of the 
eastern plateau (Loei), but, on migration or in winter, also from the 
southeastern provinces (Trat, Chanthaburi) and the peninsular 
provinces between the Isthmus of Kra and Trang. 

Zoothera citrina gibson-hilli (Deignan) 

Oeokichla citrina gibson-hilli Deignan, Zoologica, vol. 35, pt. 2, 

No. 8, Aug. 1, 1950, p. 127 (Sungei Balik [about lat. 10°31' N., 

long. 98°33' E.], Mergui District, Tenasserim Division, Burma), 

Range: The southwestern and peninsular provinces from Kan- 

chanaburi to Prachuap Khiri Khan, but, on migration or in \vinter, 

reported also from the peninsular provinces between the Isthmus of 

Kra and Satun. 

Zoothera dixoni (Seebohm) 

Geodchla dixoni Seebohm, Catalogue of the birds in the British 
Museum, vol. 5, 1881, pp. 149 [in key], 161 (Nepal and 
Darjeeling, Darjeeling District, Bengal State, India). 
Range: Reported only from the northwestern portion of the northern 
plateau (Chaiya Prakan). 

Zoothera dautna varia (Pallas) 

Turdus varius Pallas, Zoographia rosso-asiatica, torn. 1, 1811, 

p. 449 ("in alpestribus Sibiriae, . . . Krasnoyari ad Jeniseam, 

. . . circa Bargusin"). 

Range: A visitor from northern Asia, reported on migration or in 

winter from the western portion of the northern plateau (Chaiya 

Prakan, Chiang Mai, Lamphun). 

Zoothera dauma socia (Thayer and Bangs) 

Oreocincla dauma socia Thayer and Bangs, Mem. Mus. Comp. 

Zool., vol. 40, No. 4, August 1912, p. 174 (Tatsienlu=Kangting 

[lat. 30°03' N., long. 102°02' E.], Hsikang Province, China). 

Range: A visitor from southwestern China, reported on migration 

or in winter from the western portion of the northern plateau 

(Chiang Mai). 

Zoothera dauma dauma (Latham) 

[Turdus] Dauma Latham, Index ornithologicus, vol. 1, 1790, 
p. 362 (India; type locality restricted to Kashmir, by Stuart 
Baker, Journ. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc, vol. 27, 1921, p. 720). 
Turdus aureus angustirostris Gyldenstolpe, Orn. Monatsb., 
jahrg. 24, No. 2, February 1916, p. 28 (Doi Khun Tan [lat. 
18°30' N., long. 99°20' E.], Lamphun Province, Thailand). 
Range: The northwestern provinces from Chaiya Prakan south to 
Tak and the northwestern portion of the eastern plateau (Loei). 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 169 

Zoothera dauma affinis (Richmond) 

Oreocincla horsfieldi affinis Richmond, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 
vol. 15, No. 29, June 25, 1902, p. 158 (lOiao Nok Ra [lat. 
7°25' N., long. 99°55' E.], Trang Province, Thailand). 
Range: The peninsular provinces south of the Isthmus of Era 
(Nakhon Si Thanmiarat, Trang). 

Zoothera marginata Blyth 

Z[oothera]. marginata Blyth, Journ. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, vol. 16, 

pt. 1, [not earlier than February] 1847, p. 141 (Arakan Division, 

Burma) . 

Range: Evergreen forests of the northern plateau, the northwestern 

portion of the eastern plateau, the southeastern provinces, and of the 

western provinces south to southern Tak. 

Genus TURDUS Linnaeus 

Turdus dissimilis dissimilis Blyth 

T[urdus]. dissimilis Blyth, Journ. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, vol. 16, 
pt. 1, [not earlier than February] 1847, p. 144 (". . . Lower 
Bengal . . . the Himalaya" [error?]; type locality [inferen- 
tially] restricted to Lower Bengal, by Stuart Baker, The fauna 
of British India, Birds, ed. 2, vol. 7, 1930, p. 117). 
Range: Reported only from the northwestern portion of the north- 
ern plateau (Chaiya Prakan). 

Turdus boulboul yaoschanensis Yen 

Turdus boulboul yaoschanensis Yen, Bull. Mus. Nat. Hist. Natur. 
[Paris], s6r. 2, tome 4, No. 4, [not earlier than June 18,] 1932, 
p. 380 (Yaoshan Range, Kwangsi Province, China). 
Range: A visitor from the North, reported on migration or in winter 
from the western portion of the northern plateau (Chiang Mai). 

Turdus obscurus obscurus Gmelin 

[Turdus] obscurus Gmelin, Caroli a Linn6 . . . Systema naturae, 

ed. 13, tom. 1, pars 2, 1789, p. 816 {"in Sibiriae silms, ultra 

lacum Baical"). 

Range: A visitor from northeastern Asia, reported on migration or 

in winter from the northern plateau, the northwestern portion of the 

eastern plateau (Loei), and the western and peninsular provinces 

south to Satun. 



170 U.S. NATIONAL IMUSEUM BULLETIN 226 

Subfamily SYLVIINAE 

Genus SEICERCUS Swainson 

Seicercus burkii tephrocephalus (Anderson) 

Culicipeta tephrocephalus [sic] Anderson, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 

for 1871, pt. 1, June 1871, p. 213 (Bhamo, Bhamo District, 

Kacbin State, Upper Burma). 

Range: A visitor from the North, reported on migration or in winter 

from the northern plateau, the northwestern portion of the eastern 

plateau (Loei), and the southeastern provinces (Chanthaburi) . 

Seicercus burkii distinctus (La Touche) 

Cryptolopha burkii distincta La Touche, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 

vol. 43, No. 272, Nov. 29, 1922, p. 41 (Mengtsz [lat. 23°23' N., 

long. 103°27' E.], Yunnan Province, China). 

Range: A visitor from the North, reported on migration or in winter 

from the northern plateau (Chiang Rai, Mae Hong Son, Chiang Mai, 

Lampang, Nan, Uttaradit) and the northwestern portion of the 

eastern plateau (Loei, Phetchabun). 

Seicercus poliogenys (Blyth) 

C[ulicipeta]. poliogenys Blyth, Journ. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, vol. 16, 
pt. 1, [not earlier than May] 1847, p. 441 (Darjeeling, Dar- 
jeeling District, Bengal State, India). 
Range: Reported only from the eastern portion of the northern 
plateau (Nan). 

Seicercus castaniceps collinsi Deignan 

Seicercus castaniceps collinsi Deignan, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washing- 
ton, vol. 56, No. 5, Feb. 25, 1943, p. 29 (Doi Langka=Khao 
Pha Cho [lat. 19°00' N., long. 99°25' E.], Cliiang Mai Province, 
Thailand). 
Range: Mountains of the western portion of the northern plateau 
(Chiang Mai) . 

Seicercus castaniceps youngi (Robinson) 

Cryptolopha youngi Robinson, Joum. Federated Malay States 
Mus., vol. 5, No. 3, March 1915, p. 100 (Khao Nong [lat. 8°55' 
N., long. 99°38' E.], Surat Thani Province, Thailand). 
Range: Mountains of the peninsular provinces south of the Isthmus 
of Kra (Surat Thani, Nakhon Si Thammarat). 

Genus ABROSCOPUS Stuart Baker 

Abroscopus superciliaris draslicus Deignan 

Abroscopus superciliaris drasticus Deignan, Proc. Biol. Soc. 
Washington, vol. 60, No. 4, Apr. 3, 1947, p. 20 (Margherita, 
Lakhimpur District, Assam State, India). 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 171 

Range: A visitor from the North, reported on migration or in 
winter from the southwestern provinces (southern Tak) . 

Abroscopus superciliaris superciliaris (Blyth) 

Ahrornis superciliaris "Tickell" Blyth, Journ. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, 
vol. 28, No. 4, 1859, p. 414 ("mountainous interior of the 
Tenasserim provinces"; type specimen from "Woods of 
Teewap'hado. 1100 feet," Amherst District, Tenasserim Divi- 
sion, Burma, ^c^e Tickell, ibid., p. 453). 
Range: The northern plateau, the northwestern portion of the 
eastern plateau (Loei, Phetchabun), and the southwestern provinces 
(Kanchanaburi) . 

Abroscopus superciliaris bambusarum Deignan 

Abroscopus superciliaris bamhusarwn Deignan, Proc. Biol. Soc. 

Washington, vol. 60, No. 4, Apr. 3, 1947, p. 23 (Khao Phanom 

Bencha [lat. 8°15' N., long. 98°55' E.], Phangnga Province, 

Thailand). 

Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kra south to 

Phangnga. 

Abroscopus superciliaris sakaiorum (Stresemann) 

Abrornis sakaiorum Stresemann, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, vol. 31, 
No. 183, Dec. 27, 1912, p. 27 ("Upper Batang-Padang Valley," 
Perak-Pahang Boundary, Malaya). 
Range: Reported from the southern peninsular provinces (Trang). 

Abroscopus albogularis hugonis Deignan 

Abroscopus albogularis hugonis Deignan, Auk, vol. 55, No, 3, 
July 12, 1938, p. 510 (Ban Mae Ton [lat. 18°55' N., long. 
99°15' E.], Chiang Mai Province, Thailand). 
Range: Mountains of the western portion of the northern plateau 
(Chiang Mai). 

Genus GERYGONE Gould 

Gerygone fusca sulphurea Wallace 

Gerygone sulphurea Wallace, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, for 1863, 
pt. 3, February 1864, p. 490 (Solor Island, Solor Group, Lesser 
Sunda Islands, Indonesia). 
Gerygone griseus Gyldenstolpe, Orn. Monatsb., jahrg. 24, No. 2, 
February 1916, p. 27 (Ko Lak=Prachuap Khiri Khan [lat. 
11°50' N., long. 99°45' E.], Prachuap Khiri Khan Province, 
Thailand). 
Range: Reported from mangroves of the eastern coast (Samut 
Prakan, Prachuap Khiri Khan, Nakhon Si Thammarat) and of the 
western coast (Phuket, Trang). 



172 U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 2 26 

Genus PHYLLOSCOPUS Boie 

Phylloscopus subaffinis subaflinis Ogilvie-Grant 

Phylloscopus subaffinis Ogilvie-Grant, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, vol. 

10, No. 68, Jan. 31, 1900, p. xxxvii (Puan, Kweichow Province, 

China) . 

Range: A visitor from the North, reported on migration or in 

winter from the western portion of the northern plateau (Chiang Mai). 

Phylloscopus fuscatus fuscatus (Blyth) 

Phillopneuste [sic] fuscata Blyth, Journ. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, 

vol. 11, pt. 1, No. 121, January 1842, p. 113 ("Shot in the 

neighbourhood" [of Calcutta, Bengal State, India]). 

Range: A visitor from the North, reported on migration or in 

winter from the northern and eastern plateaus, the central plains, and 

the western and peninsular provinces south to Prachuap Khiri Khan. 

Phylloscopus armandii armandii (Milne-Edwards) 

Ahrornis Armandii Milne-Edwards, Nouv. Arch. Mus. [Paris], 

tome 1, Bull., 1865, p. 22, pi. 2, fig. 1 (no locaUty given; type 

specimen from "mountains W. and N.W. of Pekin," China, 

jide Ticehurst, A systematic review of the genus Phylloscopus, 

1938, p. 91). 

Range: A visitor from the North, reported on migration or in 

winter from the western portion of the northern plateau (Chiang Mai). 

Phylloscopus armandii perplexus Ticehurst 

Phylloscopus armandii perplexus Ticehurst, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 
vol. 54, No. 374, Jan. 27, 1934, p. 96 ("Chien-Chuan Valley" = 
Kienchwan Valley [lat. 26°40' N., long. 100°00' E.], Yunnan 
Province, China). 
Range: A visitor from the North, reported on migration or in win- 
ter from the western portion of the northern plateau (Chaiya Prakan, 
Chiang Mai). 

Phylloscopus schwarzi (Radde) 

Sylvia (Phyllopneuste) Schwarzi Radde, Reisen im Siiden von Ost- 

Sibirien, band 2, 1863, p. 260, pi. 9, fig. 1 (Kulusutai, Chita 

Province, Russian SFSR, and the Bureya Range, Khabarovsk 

TeiTitory, Russian SFSR). 

Range: A visitor from northeastern Asia, reported on migration or 

in winter from the northern and eastern plateaus, the southeastern 

provinces (Chon Buri), and the southeastern portion of the central 

plains. 

Phylloscopus pulcher pulcher Blyth 

Ph[ylloscopus]. pulcher "Hodgson" Blyth, Journ. Asiatic Soc. Ben- 
gal, vol. 14, pt. 2, No. 164, [not earlier than Aug. 29,] 1845, p. 
592 (Nepal). 



I 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 173 

Range: A visitor from the North, reported on migration or in win- 
ter from mountains of the western portion of the northern plateau 
(Chiang Mai). 

Phylloscopus inornatus inornatus (Blyth) 

Regulus inornatus Blyth, Journ. Asiatic Soc, Bengal, vol. 11, pt. 
1, No. 122, [not earlier than March] 1842, p. 191 (India; type 
specimens from Calcutta, Bengal State, jide Ticehurst, A sys- 
tematic review of the genus Phylloscopus, 1938, p. 100). 
Range: A visitor from northern Asia, reported on migration or in 
winter from the northern and eastern plateaus, the southeastern prov- 
inces, the central plains, and the western and peninsular provinces 
south to Satun. 

Phylloscopus inornatus mandellii (Brooks) 

Reguloides Mandellii Brooks, Stray Feathers, vol. 8, Nos. 2-5, 
October 1879, p. 389 (Darjeeling, Darjeeling District, Bengal 
State, India, and Sikkim). 
Range: A visitor from the North, reported on migration or in win- 
ter from the northern plateau (Chiang Rai). 

Phylloscopus proregulus chloronotus (J. E. Gray) 

Abrornis chloronotus J. E. Gray, Catalogue of the specimens and 
drawings of Mammalia and birds of Nepal and Thibet, pre- 
sented by B. H. Hodgson, Esq. to the British Museum, 1846, 
pp. 66 [nomen nudum!], 152 (Nepal). 
Range: A visitor from the North, reported on migration or in win- 
ter from the northern plateau (Chiang Mai, Nan). 

Phylloscopus maculipennis maculipennis (Blyth) 

Abrornis maculipennis Blyth, Ibis, ser. 2, vol. 3, No. 9, January 

1867, p. 27 ("NipM or Sikhim"; type specimen from Nepal, 

Jide Ticehurst, A systematic review of the genus Phylloscopus, 

1938, p. 120). 

Range: Resident on high mountains of the western portion of the 

northern plateau (summit of Doi Ang Ka [lat. 18°35' N., long. 98°30' 

E.]). 

Phylloscopus borealis borealis (H. Blasius) 

Phyllopneuste borealis H. Blasius, Naumannia, jahrg. 1858, p. 313 

("Mer d'Ochotsk, Latitude 59°.38' N., Longitude 147°.30' E."). 

Range: A visitor from northern Asia, reported on migration or in 

winter from the northern plateau (Chiang Rai, Chiang Mai, Phrae), 

the eastern plateau, the southeastern provinces, the central plains, 

and the western and peninsular provinces to the extreme South. 



174 U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 2 26 

Phylloscopus trochiloides plunibcitarsus Swiiihoe 

Phylloscopits plumbeitarsus Swinhoe, Ibis, vol. 3, No. 12, October 
1861, p. 330 ("between Takoo and Peking, in the neighbour- 
hood of the Peiho River," Hopeh Province, China). 
Range: A visitor from northeastern Asia, reported on migration or 
in winter from the northern and eastern plateaus, the southeastern 
provinces, and the western and peninsular provinces south to the 
Isthmus of Kra. 

Phylloscopus trochiloides obscuralus Stresemann 

Phylloscopus trochiloides obscuratus Stresemann, Orn. Monatsb., 
jahrg. 37, No. 3, May 6, 1929, p. 74 ("Siid-Tetungsche Berge, 
Langs-tang-schui-Schlucht," Kansu Province, China). 
Range: A visitor from the North, reported on migration or in win- 
ter from the western portion of the northern plateau (Chiang Mai). 

Phylloscopus trochiloides trochiloides (Sundevall) 

Acanthiza trochiloides Sundevall, PhysiogTaphiska Sallskapets 
Tidskrift [Lund], band 1, hafte 1, 1837, p. 76 (no locality given; 
type specimen taken on Feb. 15, 1828, on which day the col- 
lector was at Serampore, Hooghly District, Bengal State, 
India). 
Range: A visitor from the North, reported on migration or in win- 
ter from the northern plateau (Lampang) and the southwestern por- 
tion of the eastern plateau (Nakhon Ratchasima), 

Phylloscopus tenellipes Swinhoe 

Phylloscopus tenellipes Swinhoe, Ibis, vol. 2, No. 5, January 
1860, p. 53 (Amoy, Fukien Province, China). 
Range: A visitor from northeastern Asia, reported on migration or 
in winter from the northern plateau (Chiang Mai, Phrae), the eastern 
plateau, the southeastern provinces, the central plains (Bangkok), 
and the peninsular provinces from Prachuap Khiri Khan south to 
Trang. 

Phylloscopus coronatus (Temminck and Schlegel) 

Ficedula coronata Temminck and Schlegel, in Siebold, Fauna 

japonica, Avcs, pts. 2 & 3, 1847, p. 48, pi. 18 (Japan). 

Range: A visitor from northeastern Asia, reported on migration or 

in winter from the northern plateau (Phrae), the eastern plateau, the 

central plains, and the southwestern and peninsular provinces from 

Kanchanaburi to Trang. 

Phylloscopus reguloides claudiae (La Touche) 

AcanthopneUrSte trochiloides claudiae La Touche, Bull. Bi*it. Orn. 
Club, vol. 43, No. 271, Oct. 27, 1922, p. 22 (Mengtsz [lat. 
23°23' N., long. 103°27' E.], Yunnan Province, China). 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 175 

Range: A visitor from the North, reported on migration or in 
winter from the northern plateau (Chiang Rai, Chaiya Prakan, 
Chiang Mai, Lamphun) and the northwestern portion of the eastern 
plateau (Loei). 

Phylloscopus davisoni disturbans (La Touche) 

Acanthopneuste trochiloides disturbans La Touche, Bull. Brit. Orn. 
Club, vol. 43, No. 271, Oct. 27, 1922, p. 22 (Mengtsz [lat. 
23°23' N., long. 103°27' E.], Yunnan Province, China). 
Range: A visitor from the North, reported on migration or in 
winter from the northern plateau (Chiang Mai, Nan) and the north- 
western portion of the eastern plateau (Loei). 

Phylloscopus davisoni davisoni (Gates) 

Acanthopneuste davisoni Gates, Fauna of British India, Birds, 

vol. 1, 1889, pp. 412 [in key], 420 (Mulayit Taung [lat. 16°ir 

N., long. 98°32' E.], Amherst District, Tenasserim Division, 

Burma) . 

Range: Resident on the higher mountains of the northern plateau 

(Chaiya Prakan, Chiang Mai, Nan). 

Phylloscopus davisoni intensior Deignan 

Phylloscopus davisoni intensior Deignan, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash- 
ington, vol. 69, No. 36, Dec. 31, 1956, p. 209 (Khao Kuap 
[lat. 12°25' N., long. 102°50' E.], Trat Province, Thailand). 
Range: Reported only from the southeastern provinces (Trat). 

Phylloscopus ricketti ricketti (Slater) 

Cryptolopha ricketti Slater, Ibis, ser. 7, vol. 3, No. 10, April 1897, 
p. 174, pi. 4, fig. 2 (Kuatung, Fukien Province, China). 
Range: A visitor from the North, reported on migration or in 
winter from the northern plateau (Chiang Mai) and the northwestern 
portion of the eastern plateau (Phetchabun). 

Genus PHRAGAMATICOLA Jerdon 

Phragamaticola aedon (Pallas) 

Muscicapa Aedon Pallas, Reise durch verschiedene Provinzen 

des russischen Reichs, vol. 3, 1776, p. 695 (". . . in rupestribus, 

apricis Dauuriae crebra, canora etiam noctu"; type specimen 

from the mountains between the rivers Brozya and Gnon, 

Chita Province, Russian SFSR, Jide Pallas, ibid., p. 229 

[where called M. rupicola, nomen nudum]). 

Range: A visitor from northern Asia, reported on migration or in 

winter from the northern and eastern plateaus, the central plains, 

and the western and peninsular provinces south to Krabi. 



176 U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 226 

Genus ACROCEPHALUS Naumann 

Acrocephalus arundinaceus orientalis (Temminck and Schlegel) 
Salicaria turdina orientalis Temminck and Schlegel, in Siebold, 
Fauna japonica, Aves, pts. 2 & 3, 1847, p. 50, pi. 21 B [=20 B] 
(Japan). 
Range: A visitor from northeastern Asia, reported on migration or 
in winter from the northern and eastern plateaus, the southeastern 
provinces, the central plains, and the peninsular provinces (Ranong, 
Phuket). 

Acrocephalus stentoreus brunnescens (Jerdon) 

A[grobates]. brunnescens Jerdon, Madras Journal of Literature 

& Science, vol. 10, No. 25, [not earlier than October] 1839, 

p. 269 (Trichinopoly=Tiruchirapalli, Tiruchirapalli District, 

Madras State, India). 

Range: A visitor from the Northwest, reported on migration or 

in winter from the northwestern provinces (Chiang Mai, Tak). 

Acrocephalus concinens cincinens (Swinhoe) 

Calamoherpe concinens Swinhoe, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, for 

1870, pt. 2, November 1870, p. 432 (Peking, Hopeh Province, 

China). 

Range: A visitor from northeastern Asia, reported on migration 

or in winter from the western portion of the northern plateau (Chiang 

Mai). 

Acrocephalus bistrigiceps Swinhoe 

Acrocephalus bistrigiceps Swinhoe, Ibis, vol. 2, No, 5, January 

1860, p. 51 (Amoy, Fukien Province, China). 

Range: A visitor from northeastern Asia, reported on migration or 

in winter from the northern plateau (Chiang Rai, Mae Hong Son, 

Chiang Mai, Uttaradit), the southeastern provinces, the central plains, 

and the peninsular provinces at the Isthmus of Kra. 

Genus LOCUSTELLA Kaup 

Locustella lanceolata (Temminck) 

Sylvia lanceolata Temminck, Manuel d'ornithologie, ed. 2, partie 
4, 1840, p. 614 ("Mayence, . . . non loin de cette ville," error; 
type locality corrected to Russia, by Hartert, Die Vogel der 
palaarktischen Fauna, band 1, hft. 5, 1909, p. 553). 
Range: A visitor from northern Asia, reported on migration or in 
winter from the northern plateau (Chiang Mai, Lamphun), the south- 
western portion of the eastern plateau (Sara Buri), and the peninsular 
provinces from the Isthmus of Kra south to Trang. 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 177 

Locustella certhiola minor David and Oustalet 

Locustella minor David and Oustalet, Les oiseaux de la Chine, 

1877, p. 250 (Peking, Hopeh Province, China). 

Range: A visitor from northeastern Asia, reported on migration 

or in winter from the northern plateau (Chiang Mai, Nan), the central 

plains (Bangkok, Samut Songkhram), and the peninsular provinces 

(Surat Thani). 

Genus MEGALURUS Horsfield 

Megalurus palustris toklao (Blyth) 

Turdus toklao "Buchanan Hamilton" Blyth, Journ. Asiatic Soc. 
Bengal, vol. 12, pt, 1, No. 134, [not earlier than March] 1843, 
p. 179*. Name made available for Megalurus sp., described 
ibid., vol. 11, pt. 1, No. 126, [not earlier than July] 1842, p. 603 
("in the bazaar [Calcutta]," ex Journ. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, vol. 
11, 1842, p. 602, and Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., vol. 12, 1843, p. 99). 
Range: Found throughout the year in grasslands of the central 

plains, but also reported, on migration or in winter, from the northern 

plateau (Chiang Mai). 

Genus GRAMINICOLA Jerdon 

Graminicola bengalensis striata Styan 

Oraminicola striata Styan, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, No. 2, Nov. 1, 
1892, p. vi (Hainan). 
Range: Recorded only from the southern portion of the central 
plains (where, however, it has not been found since 1923). 

Genus ORTHOTOMUS Horsfield 

Orthotomus sutorius inexpectatus La Touche 

Orthotomus sutorius inexpectatus La Touche, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 
vol. 43, No. 272, Nov. 29, 1922, p. 42 (Mengtsz [lat. 23°23' N., 
long. 103°27' E.], Yunnan Province, China). 
Range: The northern and eastern plateaus, the southeastern prov- 
inces, the central plains, and the western and peninsular provinces 
south to Prachuap Khiri Khan. 

Orthotomus sutorius maculicolKs Moore 

Orthotomus maculicollis Moore, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, pt. 22, 
No. 279, May 8, 1855, p. 309 (Malacca). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from Ej-abi to the extreme South. 



178 U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 2 26 

Orthotomus atrogularis nitidus Hume 

Orthotomus nitidus Hume, Stray Feathers, vol. 2, No. 6, October 
1874, p. 507 (Teuasserim Division, Bm-ma; "the northern half 
of the province," fide Hume, ibid., vol, 3, 1875, p. 325 ; specimens 
from Kyauknyat and Papun, Salween District, and from Tavoy 
and Thayetchaung, Tavoy District, Jide Hume and Davison, 
ibid., vol. 6, 1878, p. 345). 
Range: The northern and eastern plateaus, the southeastern prov- 
inces, the central plains, and the western provinces south to Kanchana- 
buri. 

Orthotomus atrogularis atrogularis Temminck 

Orthotomus atrogularis Temminck, in Temminck and Laugier, 
Nouveau recueil de planches coloriees d'oiseaux, [livi-. 101,] 
vol. 3, 1836, text to pi. 599 (". . . k Malacca et a Borneo"; 
type locality [inferentially] restricted to Malacca, by Chasen 
and Boden Kloss, Journ. fiir Orn., Erganzungsband 2, 1929, 
p. 120). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from Prachuap Khiri Khan to the 
extreme South. 

Orthotomus ruficeps ruficeps (Lesson) 

Edela ruficeps Lesson, Traite d'ornithologie, livr. 4, September 

1830, p. 309 (". . . cote nord-ouest de la Nouvelle-Hollande," 

error; type locahty corrected to "Malacca, Malay Peninsula," 

by Oberholser, U.S. Nat. Mus. Bull. 159, 1932, p. 88). 

Range: Reported from the peninsular provinces south of the Isthmus 

of Kra (Nakhon Si Thammarat). 

Orthotomus sericeus hesperius Oberholser 

Orthotomus sericeus hesperius Oberholser, U.S. Nat. Mus. Bull. 
159, [not earlier than Jan. 29,] 1932, p. 89 (Lingga Island, 
Lingga Archipelago). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kra to the 
extreme South. 

Orthotomus cuculatus coronatus Blyth 

Orthotomus coronatus "Jerd. & Blyth" Blyth, Proc. Zool. Soc. 
London, for 1861, pt. 2, August 1861, p. 200 (Sikkim; type 
specimen from Darjeeling, Darjecling District, Bengal State, 
India, ^c^e Bowdler Sharpe, Catalogue of the birds in the British 
Museum, vol. 7, 1883, p. 230). 
Range: Reported from evergreen forest on mountains of the northern 
plateau (Chaiya Prakan, Chiang Mai, Nan), 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 179 

Orthotomus cuculatus thais (Robinson and Boden Kloss) 

Phyllergates cucullatus thais Robinson and Boden Kloss, Journ. 

Federated Malay States Mus., vol. 11, pt. 1, April 1923, p. 56 

(Khao Luang [lat. 8°30' N., long. 99°45' E.], Nakhon Si 

Thammarat Province, Thailand). 

Range: Reported from mountains of the peninsular provinces south 

of the Isthmus of Kra (Nakhon Si Thammarat, Trang). 

Genus PRINIA Horsfield 

Prinia hodgsonii erro Deignan 

Prinia hodgsonii erro Deignan, Smithsonian Misc. Coll., vol. 103, 

No. 3, Sept. 1, 1942, p. 6 (Muang Chiang Mai [lat. 18°45' N., 

long. 99°00' E.], Chiang Mai Province, Thailand). 

Range: The northern plateau (Chiang Mai, Nan), the southwestern 

portion of the eastern plateau (Nakhon Ratchasima), the southeastern 

provinces (Chon Bml), the central plains (Kamphaeng Phet, Nakhon 

Sawan), and the southwestern provinces (Kanchanaburi) . 

Prinia rufescens beavani Walden 

Prinia beavani Walden, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, for 1866, pt. 3, 

April 1867, p. 551 (Shwegon, Thaton District, Tenasserim 

Division, Burma). 

Range: The northern plateau, the eastern plateau (along the river 

Mae Khong from Loei to Ubon), and the western provinces south to 

Kanchanaburi. 

Prinia rufescens objurgans Deignan 

Prinia rufescens objurgans Deignan, Smithsonian Misc. Coll., vol. 
103, No. 3, Sept. 1, 1942, p. 3 (Ban Si Racha [lat. 13°10' N., 
long. 100°55' E.], Chon Buri Province, Thailand). 
Range: The southwestern portion of the eastern plateau and the 
southeastern provinces. 

Prinia rufescens peninsularis Deignan 

Prinia rufescens peninsularis Deignan, Smithsonian Misc. Coll., 

vol. 103, No. 3, Sept. 1, 1942, p. 3 (Trang Province [lat. 7°-8° 

N.], Thailand). 

Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kra south 

to Trang (possibly extending northward as far as the southwestern 

portion of the central plains). 

Prinia rufescens extrema Deignan 

Prinia rufescens extrema Deignan, Smithsonian Misc. Coll., vol. 

103, No. 3, Sept. 1, 1942, p. 3 (Bang Nara=Narathiwat [lat. 

6°25' N., long. 101 °50' E.], Narathiwat Province, Thailand). 

Range: Reported only from the southernmost peninsular provinces 

(Pattani, Yala, Narathiwat). 



180 U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 2 26 

Prinia subfilava blanfordi (Walden) 

Drymoeca blanfordi Walden, in Blyth, Journ. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, 
vol. 43, pt. 2, extra No., Aug. 27, 1875, p. 11.8 (Toungoo, 
Toungoo District, Pegu Division, Burma). 
Range: Reported only from the northern plateau (Chiang Rai, 
Chaiya Prakan, Chiang Mai, Nan). 

Prinia subflava herberti Stuart Baker 

Prinia inornata herberti Stuart Baker, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 
vol. 38, No. 230, Jan. 28, 1918, p. 39 (Bangkok [lat. 13°45' N., 
long. 100°30' E.], Phra Nakhon Province, and Ban Sam Khok 
[lat. 14°05' N., long. 100°30' E.], Pathum Thani Province, 
Thailand). 
Range: The southwestern portion of the eastern plateau and the 
central plains. 

Prinia flaviventris delacouri Deignan 

Prinia flaviventris delacouri Deignan, Smithsonian Misc. Coll., 
vol. 103, No. 3, Sept. 1, 1942, p. 9 (Muang Chiang Mai [lat. 
18°45' N., long. 99°00' E.], Chiang Mai Province, Thailand). 
Range: The northern plateau (Chiang Rai, Chiang Mai), the south- 
western portion of the eastern plateau (Sara Buri), and the central 
plains. 

Prinia flaviventris rafflesi Tweeddale 

Prinia rafflesi Tweeddale, Ibis, ser. 4, vol, 1, No. 3, July 1877, 
p. 311, pi. 6, fig. 1 (vicinity of Lampung Bay, southern 
Sumatra). 
Range: The peninsular provinces south of the Isthmus of Kja 
(Nakhon Si Thammarat, Trang, Narathiwat). 

Prinia polychroa cooki (Harington) 

Suya crinigera cooki Harington, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, vol. 31, 
No. 189, July 10, 1913, p. 109 (Thayetmyo, Thayetmyo Dis- 
trict, Magwe Division, Burma). 
Range: Reported from the eastern plateau (Loei, Ubon, Nakhon 
Ratchasima) and the central plains (Kamphaeng Phet). 

Prinia atrogularis erythropleura (Walden) 

Suya erythropleura Walden, in Blyth, Journ. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, 

vol. 43, pt. 2, extra No., Aug. 27, 1875, p. 120 (Toungoo, 

Toungoo District, Pegu Division, Burma). 

Range: Mountains of the northern plateau (Chiang Rai, Chaiya 

Prakan, Chiang Mai, Nan) and the northwestern portion of the 

eastern plateau (Loei). 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 181 

Genus CISTICOLA Kaup 

Cisticola juncidis nialaya Lynes 

Cisticola juncidis malaya Lynes, Ibis, ser. 12, vol. 6, suppl. No., 
August 1930, pp. 13 [nomen nudum], 92 (Klang, Selangor 
State, Malaya). 
Range: The northern plateau, the southwestern portion of the 
eastern plateau (Sara Buri), and the central plains. 

Cisticola exilis equicaudata Stuart Baker 

Cisticola exilis equicaudata Stuart Baker, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 
vol. 44, No. 283, Jan. 5, 1924, p. 39 (Ban Sam Khok [lat. 
14°05' N., long. 100°30' E.], Pathum Thani Province, Thai- 
land). 
Range: The northern plateau (Chiang Rai), the eastern plateau 
(Udon Thani, Sara Buri), and the central plains. 

Genus TESIA Hodgson 

Tesia olivea (McClelland) 

Saxicola? olivea McClelland, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, pt. 7, 
No. 82, March 1840, p. 161 (Assam State, India). 
Range: Mountains of the western portion of the northern plateau 
(Chaiya Prakan, Chiang Mai) and the southwestern provinces (south- 
ern Tak). 

Genus CETTIA Bonaparte 

Cettia squameiceps (Swinhoe) 

Trihura squumeiceps Swinhoe, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, for 1863, 

pt. 2, August 1863, p. 292 (Canton, Kwangtung Province, 

China). 

Range: A visitor from northeastern Asia, reported on migration or 

in winter from the northern plateau (Chiang Rai, Chaiya Prakan, 

Chiang Mai, Nan) and the peninsular provinces (Chumphon, Ranong). 

Cettia pallidipes laurentei (La Touche) 

Urosphena laurentei La Touche, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, vol. 42, 
No. 263, Nov. 29, 1921, p. 30 (Poutoutsing, Yunnan Province, 
China) . 
Range: A visitor from the North, reported on migration or in winter 
from the northern plateau (Chiang Rai, Chiang Mai). 

Cettia canturiens canturiens (Swinhoe) 

Arundinax canturians [sic] Swinhoe, Ibis, vol. 2, No. 5, January 
1860, p. 52 (Amoy, Fukien Province, China). 
Range: A visitor from China, reported on migration or in winter 
from the northern plateau (Chiang Rai). 



182 U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 226 

Genus BRADYPTERUS Swainson 

Bradyptenis thoracicus thoracicus (Blyth) 

D[umeticola]. thoracica JMjth, Journ. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, vol. 14, 
pt. 2, No. 164, [not earlier than Aug. 29,] 1845, p. 584 (Nepal). 
Range: A visitor from the North, reported on migration or in winter 
from mountains of the northern plateau (Chiang Mai). 

Bradypterus thoracicus shanensis (Ticehurst) 

Tribura thoracica shanensis Ticehurst, Ibis, ser. 14, vol. 5, No. 2, 
Apr. 16, 1941, p. 318 (Maymj'o, Mandalay District, Mandalay 
Division, Burma). 
Range: A visitor from the North, reported on migration or in winter 
from the northern plateau (Chiang Mai). 

Bradypterus luteoventris ticehursti Deignan 

Bradypterus luteoventris ticehursti Deignan, Proc. Biol. Soc. 
Washington, vol. 56, No. 15, June 16, 1943, p. 71. New name 
for Tribura luteoventris saturatus [sic] Ticehurst, Ibis, ser. 14, 
vol. 5, No. 2, Apr. 16, 1941, p. 318 (Arakan Yoma, at border 
of Thayetmyo and Minbu Districts, Magwe Division, Burma), 
not Tribura thoracica saturata Yen, 1933. 
Range: A visitor from the North, reported on migration or in winter 
from the northern plateau (Chiang Mai). 

Bradypterus luteoventris idoneus (Riley) 

Tribura idonea Riley, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, vol. 53, 
No. 11, Apr. 19, 1940, p. 48 (Dalat [forest along the river Cam- 
ly], Haut-Donai Province, Annam). 
Range: Reported orAj from the eastern portion of the northern 
plateau (Nan). 

Subfamily MUSCICAPINAE 

Genus RHINOMYIAS Bowdler Sharpe 

Rhinomyias olivacea olivacea (Hume) 

Cyornis olivacea Hume, Stray Feathers, vol. 5, Nos. 3 & 4, August 
1877, p. 338 ("in the extreme southern portion of the Tenas- 
serim Provinces"; specimens from Tenasserim Town, Ban- 
kasun, and Maliwun, Mergui District, Tenasserim Division, 
Burma, fide Hume and Davison, Stray Feathers, vol. 6, 1878, 
p. 229). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kra south 
to Trang. 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 183 

Rhinomyias umbratilis (Strickland) 

Trichostoma umbratile Strickland, in Jardine, Contributions to 
ornithology, for 1849, pt. -, 1849, p. 126, pi. [35], hind fig. 
(Borneo) . 
Range: Reported only from the southernmost peninsular provinces 
(Narathiwat). 

Genus MUSCICAPA Brisson 

Muscicapa sibirica sibirica Gmelin 

[Miiscicapa] sibirica Gmelin, Caroli a Linne . . . Systema na- 
turae, ed. 13, torn. 1, pars 2, 1789, p. 936 (". . . circa lacum 
Baikal, et in orientali Sibiria ad Camtschatcam usque," USSR). 
Range: A visitor from northern Asia, reported on migration or in 
winter from the northern plateau (Chiang Rai), the southeastern prov- 
inces (Chanthaburi), the southern portion of the central plains, and 
the peninsular provinces from Prachuap Khu'i Khan south to Trang. 

Muscicapa sibirica cacabata Penard 

Muscicapa sibirica cacabata Penard, Proc. New England Zool. 
Club, vol. 7, Oct. 31, 1919, p. 22. New name for H{emichelidon\. 
fuliginosa Hodgson, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, pt. 13, No. 146, 
August 1845, p. 32 ([Nepal]), not [Muscicapa] fuliginosa Gmelin, 
1789, or Muscicapa fuliginosa Sparrman, 1787. 
Range: A visitor from the North, reported on migration or in 
winter from the peninsular provinces (Ranong). 

Muscicapa sibirica rothschildi (Stuart Baker) 

Hemichelidon sibirica rothschildi Stuart Baker, Bull. Brit. Orn. 

Club, vol. 43, No. 280, July 20, 1923, p. 156 (Likiang Range, 

Yunnan Province, China). 

Range: A visitor from the North, reported on migration or in 

winter from the northwestern provinces (Mae Hong Son, Chiang Mai, 

Tak). 

Muscicapa latirostris cinereo-alba Temminck and Schlegel 

Muscicapa cinereo-alba Temminck and Schlegel, in Siebold, Fauna 
japonica, Aves, pts. 2 & 3, 1847, p. 42, pi. 15 ([Japan]). 
Range: A visitor from northeastern Asia, reported on migration or m 
winter from the northern plateau (Chiang Mai, Lamphun), the east- 
ern plateau, the southeastern provinces, the central plains, and the 
southwestern provinces (Kanchanaburi). 



546-019—63 13 



184 U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 2 26 

Muscicapa latirostris latirostris Raffles 

Muscicapa latirostris Raffles, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, vol. 13, 
pt. 2, [not earlier than November] 1822, p. 312 (Sumatra). 
Range: A visitor from northern Asia, reported on migration or in 
winter from the northern and eastern plateaus, the southeastern prov- 
inces, the central plains, and the peninsular provinces from Prachuap 
Khiri Khan to the extreme South. 

Muscicapa latirostris siamensis (Gyldenstolpe) 

Alseonax siamensis Gyldenstolpe, Orn. Monatsb., jahrg. 24, No. 
2, February 1916, p. 27 (Sathani Pang Hua Phong [lat. 18°25' 
N., long. 99°15' E.], Lampang Province, Thailand). 
Range: A permanent resident, reported only from the northern pla- 
teau (Chiang Mai, Lampang). 

Muscicapa williamsoni Deignan 

Muscicapa williamsoni Deignan, Ibis, vol. 99, No. 2, Apr. 1, 1957, 

p. 343 (Khao Phanom Bencha [lat. 8°15' N., long. 98°55' E.], 

Krabi Province, Thailand). 

Range: Reported from the southern portion of the central plains 

(Bangkok) and the peninsular provinces (Prachuap Khiri Khan, 

Chumphon, Phangnga, Krabi). 

Muscicapa rufilata (Swinhoe) 

Hemichelidon rufilata Swinhoe, Ibis, vol. 2, No. 5, January 1860, 

p. 57 (Amoy, Fulden Province, China). 

Range: A visitor from the North, reported on migration or in 

winter from the western portion of the northern plateau (Mae Hong 

Son, Chiang Mai), the southeastern provinces (Chanthabm-i), and the 

peninsular provinces from Nakhon Si Thammarat south to Satun. 

Muscicapa thalassina thalassina Swainson 

Muscicapa thalassina Swainson, The naturalist's library, vol. 21 
[ornithology, vol. 10], May 1838, p. 252 (India). 
Range: The northern and eastern plateaus, the southeastern prov- 
inces, the central plains, and the western and peninsular provinces 
south to Prachuap Khiri Klian, 

Muscicapa thalassina thalassoides (Cabanis) 

0[laucomyias]. thalassoides Cabanis, Museum Heineanum, theil 
1, [not earlier than Oct. 23,] 1851, p. 53, footnote. New name 
for [Hypothymis] {Musdcapa) thalassina Bonaparte, Conspectus 
generum avium, tom. 1, pars 2, Feb. 3, 1851, p. 320 (Sumatra), 
not Muscicapa thalassina Swainson, 1838. 
Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kra to the 
extreme South. 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 185 

Muscicapa zanthopygia Hay 

Muscicapa Zanthopygia Hay, Madras Journal of Literature & 
Science, vol. 13, pt. 2, No. 31, [not earlier than December] 
1844, p. 162 (Malacca). 
Range: A visitor from northeastern Asia, reported on migration or 
in winter from the eastern portion of the northern plateau (Nan, 
Uttaradit), the eastern plateau (Nakhon Ratchasima), the south- 
eastern provinces (Chanthaburi), the southern portion of the central 
plains (Bangkok), and the peninsular provinces (Prachuap Khiri 
Khan, Surat Thani, Nakhon Si Thammarat), 

Muscicapa mugimaki Temminck 

Muscicapa mugimaki Temminck, in Temminck and Laugier, 

Nouveau recueil de planches coloriees d'oiseaux, [Uvr. 97,] 

vol. 3, 1835, pi. 577, fig. 2, and text (Japan). 

Range: A visitor from northeastern Asia, reported on migration or 

in winter from the southeastern provinces (Trat), the central plains 

(Bangkok), and the peninsular provinces south of the Isthmus of Kra 

(Nakhon Si Thammarat, Satun). 

Muscicapa parva albicilla Pallas 

Muscicapa Albicilla Pallas, Zoographia rosso-asiatica, vol. 1, 

1811, p. 462, Aves, pi. 1 (Dauria, Russian SFSR, USSR). 

Range: A visitor from northern Asia, reported on migration or in 

winter from the northern and eastern plateaus, the southeastern 

provinces, the central plains, and the western and peninsular provinces 

south to the Isthmus of Kra. 

Muscicapa strophiata strophiata (Hodgson) 

Siphia Strophiata Hodgson, India Review and Journal of Foreign 
Science and the Arts, vol. 1, No. 12, March 1837, p. 651 
(Nepal). 
Siphia strophiata asema Deignan, Smithsonian Misc. Coll., vol. 
99, No. 18, Dec. 11, 1940, p. 1 (Doi Suthep [lat. 18°50' N., 
long. 98°55' E.], Chiang Mai Province, Thailand). 
Range: A visitor from the North, reported on migration or in 
winter from the western portion of the northern plateau (Chaiya 
Prakan, Chiang Mai, Lamphun). 

Muscicapa monileger leucops (Bowdler Sharpe) 

Digenea leucops Bowdler Sharpe, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, pt. 2, 
No. 18, August 1888, p. 246 (Shillong, Khasi and Jaintia Hills 
District, Assam State, India, and Karenni State, Burma). 
Range: Reported only from the northern plateau (Chaiya Prakan, 
Chiang Mai, Nan). 



186 U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 226 

Muscicapa solitaris submoniliger (Hume) 

Anthipes submoniliger Hume, Stray Feathers, vol. 5, No. 2, 
June 17, 1877, p. 105 ("Central Tenasserim Hills"; specimens 
from "Mooleyit and its spurs," Amherst District, Tenasserim 
Division, Burma, Jide Hume and Davison, Stray Feathers, 
vol. 6, 1878, p. 232). 
Range: The western and peninsular provinces from Tak south to 
Nakhon Si Thammarat. 

Muscicapa solitaris malayana (Bowdler Sharpe) 

Digenea malayana Bowdler Sharpe, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, pt. 
2, No. 18, August 1888, p. 247 (Larut Range, Perak State, 
Malaya) . 
Range: Reported only from the southern peninsular provinces 
(Trang). 

Mviscicapa hyperythra hyperythra Blyth 

[Muscicapa] hyperythra Blyth, Journ. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, vol. 11, 
pt. 2, No. 129, [not earher than December] 1842, p. 885. 
New name for D[imorpha]. superciliaris Blyth, ibid., vol. 11, 
pt. 1, No. 122, [not earher than March] 1842, p. 190 (Nepal 
and Darjeeling, Darjeeling District, Bengal State, India), not 
Alluscicapa]. superciliaris Jerdon, 1840. 
Range: Reported only from the northern plateau (Chiang Rai, 
Chiang Mai). 

Muscicapa dumetoria muelleri (Bowdler Sharpe) 

Muscicapa muelleri "Temm." Blyth, Ibis, ser. 2, vol. 6, No. 22, 

April 1870, p. 166 (Sumatra and Borneo). Nomen nudum! 
Erythromyias muelleri Bowdler Sharpe, Catalogue of the birds in 
the British Museum, vol. 4, 1879, pp. 199 [in key], 200, pi. 4, 
fig. 2 (Sumatra). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kra south to 
Trang. 

Muscicapa hodgsonii (Verreaux) 

Siphia hodgsonii J. Verreaux, Nouv. Arch. Mus. [Paris], tome 6, 

Bull., [not earher than] 1871, p. 34 (Muping=Paohing, Hsikang 

Province, China). 

Range: A visitor from the North, reported on migration or in 

winter from the western portion of the northern plateau (Chaiya 

Prakan, Chiang Mai) and the southwestern portion of the eastern 

plateau (Nakhon Ratchasima). 

Muscicapa westermani australorientis Ripley 

Muscicapa westermanni [sic] australorientis Ripley, Proc. Biol. 
Soc. Washington, vol. 65, No. 11, Apr. 25, 1952, p. 72 (Phu 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 187 

Kobo [lat. 19°18' N., long. 103°28' E.], Chiang Khwang Prov- 
ince, Laos). 
Range: Reported from the northern plateau (Chiang Rai, Chaiya 

Prakan, Chiang Mai) and the northwestern portion of the eastern 

plateau (Loei). 

Muscicapa westermani westermani (Bowdler Sharpe) 

Muscicapula westermanni [sic] Bowdler Sharpe, Proc. Zool. Soc. 
London, pt. 3, No. 19, Oct. 1, 1888, p. 270 (Gunong Ulu Batang 
Padang, Perak State, Malaya). 
Range: Mountains of the peninsular provinces south of the Isthmus 
of Kra. 

Muscicapa superciliaris aestigma J. E. Gray 

Musicapa sestigma J. E. Gray, Catalogue of the specimens and 

drawings of Mammalia and birds of Nepal and Thibet, presented 

by B. H. Hodgson, Esq. to the British Museum, 1846, pp. 90 

[nomen nudem], 155 (Nepal). 

Range: A visitor from the North, reported on migration or in winter 

from the western portion of the northern plateau (Chiang Mai) . 

Muscicapa sapphira laotiana (Delacour and Greenway) 

Muscicapula sapphira laotiana Delacom* and Greenway, Bull. 

Brit. Orn. Club, vol. 59, No. 423, June 17, 1939, p. 132 (Col 

de Taloun [about 19°53' N., long. 102°20' E.], Luang Phrabang 

Province, Laos). 

Range: Reported only from the western portion of the northern 

plateau (Chaiya Prakan, Lamphun). 

Muscicapa cyanomelana cumatilis (Thayer and Bangs) 

Cyanoptila cumatilis Thayer and Bangs, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 

vol. 52, No. 8, May 1909, p. 141 (Ma-fu-ling, Hupeh Province, 

China) . 

Range: A visitor from the North, reported on migration or in winter 

from the northern plateau (Chiang Rai, Chiang Mai) and the southern 

peninsular provinces (Satun) . 

Muscicapa grandis grandis (Blyth) 

[Cha'itaris] grandis Blyth, Journ. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, vol. 11, 
pt. 1, No. 122, [not earher than March] 1842, p. 189 (Darjeel- 
ing, Darjeeling District, Bengal State, India). 
Niltava grandis nobilis Riley, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, vol. 
42, No. 15, May 3, 1929, p. 161 (Doi Ang Ka=Doi Inthanon 
[lat. 18°35' N., long. 98°30' E.], Chiang Mai Province, Thai- 
land) . 
Range: Reported from mountains of the northern plateau, on the 
West south to Tak. 



188 U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 226 

Muscicapa grand is decipiens (Salvador!) 

Niltava decipiens Salvadori, Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. Geneva, 
ser. 2, vol. 12, Dec. 23, 1891, p. 49 ("[nella foresta di] Si Ramb6" 
[at about 2°18' N., long. 99°07' E.], Sumatra). 
Range: Mountains of the peninsular provinces south of the Isthmus 
of Kra (Nakhon Si Thammarat) . 

Muscicapa macgrigoriae (Burton) 

Phcenicura MacGrigorix Burton, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, pt. 3, 
No. 34, Feb. 12, 1836, p. 152 ("apud Montes Himalayenses," 
India) . 
Range: Mountains of the western portion of the northern plateau 
(Chiang Mai) . 

Muscicapa sundara denotata (Bangs and Phillips) 

Niltava sundara denotata Bangs and Phillips, BuU. Mus. Comp. 

Zool., vol. 58, No. 6, April 1914, p. 280 (Mengtsz [lat. 23°23' N., 

long. 103°27' E.], Yunnan Province, China). 

Range: A visitor from the North, reported on migration or in winter 

from mountains of the western portion of the northern plateau (Chaiya 

Prakan, Chiang Mai). 

Muscicapa vivida oatesi (Salvadori) 

Niltava Oatesi Salvadori Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. Genova, ser. 
2, vol. 5, Dec. 12, 1887, p. 514 (Mulayit Taung, Amherst 
District, Tenasserim Division, Burma). 
Niltava smithi Riley, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, vol. 42, No. 
15, May 3, 1929, p. 162 (Doi Suthep [lat. 18°50' N., long. 98°55' 
E.], Chiang Mai Province, Thailand). 
Niltava vnlliaminae Meyer de Schauensee, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 
Philadelphia, vol. 81, Aug. 12, 1929, p. 469 (Doi Suthep [lat. 
18°50' N., long. 98°55' E.], Chiang Mai Province, Thailand). 
Range: Reported from mountains of the western portion of the 
northern plateau (Chiang Mai, Lamphun) . 

Muscicapa concreta concreta S. Miiller 

Muscicapa concreta S. MiiUer, Tijdschrift voor Natuurlijke Ge- 
schiedenis en Physiologic, vol. 2, 1835, p. 351 (Sumatra). 
Range: Reported only from the peninsular provinces south of the 
Isthmus of Elra (Trang) . 

Muscicapa hainana (Ogilvie-Grant) 

Siphia hainana Ogilvie-Grant, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, vol. 10, No. 
68, Jan. 31, 1900, p. xxxvi (Wuchi Mountains, Hainan). 
Range: The northern and eastern plateaus, the southeastern prov- 
inces, and the western and peninsular provinces south to Prachuap 
Khiri Khan. 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 189 

Muscicapa unicolor unicolor (Blyth) 

C[yornis]. unicolor Blyth, Journ. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, vol. 12, pt. 
2, No. 143, [not earlier than December?] 1843, p. 1007 (Dar- 
jeeling, Darjeeling District, Bengal State, India). 
Range: Reported from mountains of the western portion of the 
northern plateau. 

Muscicapa unicolor harterti (Robinson and Kinnear) 

Cyornis unicolor harterti Robinson and Kinnear, Nov. Zool., vol. 
34, No. 3, July 31, 1928, p. 256. New name for Cyornis uni- 
color infuscata "(Blyth)" Hartert, Nov. Zool., vol. 9, December 
1902, p. 550 (Java), not Muscicapa infuscata "Miiller" Blyth, 
1870. 
Range: The peninsular provinces south of the Isthmus of Kra 
(Nakhon Si Thammarat). 

Muscicapa rubeculoides glaucicomans (Thayer and Bangs) 

Cyornis tickelliae glaucicomans Thayer and Bangs, Bull. Mus. 
Comp. Zool., vol. 52, No. 8, May 1909, p. 141 ("Tan-swio-Yah," 
Hupeh Province, China). 
Cyornis rubeculoides chersonesites Oberholser, Proc. Biol. Soc. 
Washington, vol. 33, No. 17, Dec. 30, 1920, p. 85 (Trang Prov- 
ince, Thailand). 
Cyornis anak Robinson and Boden Kloss, Journ. Federated Malay 
States Mus., vol. 10, pt. 4, December 1922, p. 261 (Sathani 
Khlong Muan [lat. 7°50' N., long. 99°40' E.], Trang Province, 
Thailand). 
Range: A visitor from China, reported on migration or in winter 
from the eastern plateau (Loei, Phetchabun), the central plains 
(Ayutthaya) , and the peninsular provinces from Prachuap Khiri Khan 
south to Trang. 

Muscicapa rubeculoides dialilaema (Salvadori) 

Cyornis dialilaema Salvadori, Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. Genova, 
ser. 2, vol. 7, Aug. 6, 1889, p. 387 ("Tah6" [about lat. 19°28' 
N., long. 96°48' E.], Karenni State, Burma). 
Range: The northern plateau (Mae Hong Son, Lamphun, Lampang) 
and the southwestern provinces (Kanchanaburi). 

Muscicapa rubeculoides klossi (Robinson) 

Cyornis rubeculoides klossi Robinson, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, vol. 
42, No. 262, Oct. 29, 1921, p. 12 (Dran [lat. 11°49' N., long. 
108°38' E.], Phanrang Province, Annam). 
Range: Reported only from the southwestern portion of the eastern 
plateau (Nakhon Ratchasima). 



190 U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 2 26 

Muscicapa banyumas magnirostris (Blyth) 

Cyornis magnirostris Blyth, Journ. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, vol. 18, 

pt. 2, [not earlier than August] 1849, p. 814 (Darjeeling, Dar- 

jeeling District, Bengal State, India). 

Range: A visitor from the Northwest, reported on migration or in 

winter from the peninsular provinces between the Isthmus of Kra 

and Trang. 

Muscicapa banyumas whitei (Harington) 

Cyornis whitei Harington, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 8, vol. 2, 
No. 9, September 1908, p. 245 (Watan, Bhamo District, Kachin 
State, Upper Burma). 
Range: The northern plateau and the northwestern portion of the 
eastern plateau (Loei). 

Muscicapa banyumas lekhakuni Deignan 

Muscicapa banyumas lekhakuni Deignan, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash- 
ington, vol. 69, No. 36, Dec. 31, 1956, p. 209 (Khao Laem [lat. 
14°25' N., long. 101°30' E.], Nakhon Ratchasima Province, 
ThaUand). 
Range: The southwestern portion of the eastern plateau (Nakhon 
Ratchasima) . 

Muscicapa banyumas deignani (Meyer de Schauensee) 

Cyornis banyumas deignani Meyer de Schauensee, Notulae Naturae 
Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, No. 7, June 8, 1939, p. [1] (Khao 
Soi Dao Tai [lat. 12°55' N., long. 102°10' E.], Chanthaburi 
Province, Thailand). 
Range: Reported only from the southeastern provinces (Chantha- 
buri, Trat). 

Muscicapa banyumas coerulifrons (Stuart Baker) 

Cyornis magnirostris coerulifrons Stuart Baker, Bull. Brit. Orn. 

Club, vol. 39, No. 236, Oct. 29, 1918, p. 8 (Ban Khlong Bang 

Lai=Ban Salui [lat. 10°45' N., long. 99°10' E.], Chumphon 

Province, Thailand). 

Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kra south to 

Krabi. 

Muscicapa tickelliae indochina (Chasen and Boden Kloss) 

Cyornis rufigastra indochina Chasen and Boden Kloss, Bull. Brit. 
Orn. Club, vol. 48, No. 321, Feb. 25, 1928, p. 73 (Da Ban [lat. 
12°38' N., long. 109°06' E.], Phanrang Province, Annam). 
Range: The northern and eastern plateaus, the southeastern prov- 
inces, the central plains, and the western and peninsular provinces 
south to Prachuap Khiri Khan. 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 191 

Muscicapa tickelliae sumatrensis (Bowdler Sharpe) 

Siphia sumatrensis Bowdler Sharpe, Catalogue of the bu-ds in the 
British Museum, vol. 4, 1879, pp. 442 [in key], 451 (Sumatra). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kra to the 
extreme South. 

Genus MUSCICAPELLA Bianchi 

Muscicapella hodgsoni hodgsoni (Moore) 

Nemura Hodgsoni Moore, in Horsfield and Moore, Catalogue of 
the birds in the Museum of the Hon. East-India Company, vol. 
1, 1854, p. 300 (Nepal). 
Range: Reported only from mountains of the western portion of 
the northern plateau (Chiang Mai). 

Genus CULICICAPA Swinhoe 

Culicicapa ceylonensis calochrysea Oberholser 

Culicicapa ceylonensis calochrysea Oberholser, Smithsonian Misc. 

Coll., vol. 76, No. 6, July 16, 1923, p. 8 ("Quaymoo Choung" 

[a stream entering the river Thaungj^n at about lat. 17°15' N.], 

Amherst District, Tenasserim Division, Burma). 

Range: The northern plateau, on the West south to Tak, and the 

greater portion of the eastern plateau. 

Culicicapa ceylonensis antioxantha Oberholser 

Culicicapa ceylonensis antioxantha Oberholser, Smithsonian Misc. 
Coll., vol. 76, No. 6, July 16, 1923, p. 9 (Khao Soi Dao [lat. 
7°20' N., long. 99°50' E.], Trang Province, Thailand). 
Culicicapa ceylonensis meridionalis Stuart Baker, Bull. Brit. Orn. 
Club, vol. 44, No. 281, Nov. 5, 1923, p. 12 (Khao Thung Song= 
Khao Wang Hip [lat. 8°15' N., long. 99°48' E.], Nakhon Si 
Thammarat Province, Thailand). 
Range: The southwestern portion of the eastern plateau, the south- 
eastern provinces, and the western and peninsular provinces from 
southern Tak to the extreme South. 

Genus PHILENTOMA Eyton 

Philentoma velatum caesium (Lesson) 

Monacha [sic] cassia Lesson, Revue Zoologique, ann. 2, June 1839, 
p. 167 (Sumatra). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from Prachuap Khiri Khan to the 
extreme South. 



192 U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 2 26 

Philentoma pyrhopterum pyrhopterum (Temminck) 

Muscicapa pyrhoptera Temminck, in Temmiuck and Laugier, 
Nouveau recueil de planches coloriees d'oiseaux, [livr. 101,] 
vol. 3, 1836, pi. 596, fig. 1, and text (". . . parties meridionales 
des iles de Borneo et de Sumatra"; type locality restricted to 
Borneo, by Hartert, Nov. Zool., vol. 9, 1902, p. 553). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kra to the 
extreme South. 

Genus RHIPIDURA Vigors and Horsfield 

Rhipidura hypoxantha Blyth 

Rhipidura hypoxantha Blyth, Journ. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, vol. 12, 
pt. 2, No. 143, [not earlier than December?] 1843, p. 935 
(Darjeeling, Darjeeling District, Bengal State, India). 
Range: High mountains of the western portion of the northern 
plateau (Chiang Mai). 

Rhipidura albicollis celsa Riley 

Rhipidura albicollis celsa Riley, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 

vol. 42, No. 16, May 29, 1929, p. 166 (Doi Khun Tan [lat. 

18°30' N., long. 99°20' E.], Lamphun Province, Thailand). 

Range: Mountains of the northern plateau, the northwestern portion 

of the eastern plateau, and the western provinces south to southern 

Tak. 

Rhipidura albicollis atrata Salvador! 

Rhipidura atrata Salvador!, Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. Genova, 
vol. 14, Apr. 22, 1879, p. 204 (Mount Singgalang [lat. 0°24' S., 
long. 100°20' E.], Sumatra). 
Range: Mountains of the peninsular provinces south of the Isthmus 
of Kra (Nakhon Si Thammarat). 

Rhipidura aureola burmanica (Hume) 

[Leucocerca] burmanica Hume, Stray Feathers, vol. 9, Nos. 1 to 3, 

August 1880, p. 175, footnote (". . . western half of the 

Thoungyeen valley," Salween District, Tenasserim Division, 

Bin-ma) . 

Range: The northern plateau (Mae Hong Son, Chiang Mai, Phrae), 

the northwestern portion of the central plains (Sukhothai, Kamphaeng 

Phet), and the western and peninsular provinces south to Prachuap 

Khiri Khan. 

Rhipidura perlata S. Miiller 

Rhipidura perlata S. Miiller, Verhandelingen over de natuurlijke 
Geschiedenis der Nederlandsche overzeesche bezittingen . . . 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 193 

Land- en Volkenkunde, pts. 6 & 7, 1843, p. 185, footnote 
(Sumatra) . 
Range: Reported only from the southern peninsular provinces 
(Trang). 

Rhipidura javanica longicauda Wallace 

Rhipidura longicauda Wallace, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, for 1865, 
pt. 2, October 1865, p. 476 ("Sumatra). 
Range: The southeastern provinces (Chon Buri), the central plains, 
and the western and peninsular provinces from Kamphaeng Phet to 
the extreme South. 

Genus HYPOTHYMIS Boie 

Hypothymis azurea montana Riley 

Hypothymis azurea montana Riley, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 

vol. 42, No. 16, May 29, 1929, p. 165 (Muang Chiang Mai 

[lat. 18°45' N., long. 99°00' E.], Chiang Mai Province, 

ThaHand). 

Range: The northern and eastern plateaus, the northern portion 

of the central plains, and the western provinces south to 

Kanchanaburi. 

Hypothymis azurea galerita (Deign an) 

Monarcha azurea galerita Deignan, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 

vol. 69, No. 36,* Dec. 31, 1956, p. 210 (Ko Kut [lat. 11°40' N., 

long. 102°35' E.], Trat Province, Thailand). 

Range: Coastal regions of the southeastern provinces, of the central 

plains (Bangkok), and of the northern peninsular provinces (Prachuap 

Khiri Khan). 

Hypothymis azurea prophata Oberholser 

Hypothymis azurea prophata Oberholser, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 
vol. 39, No. 1803, Feb. 25, 1911, p. 597 (Great Karimon 
[lat. 1°03' N., long 103°22' E.], Smnatra). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of K!ra to the 
extreme South. 

Genus TERPSIPHONE Gloger 

Terpsiphone atrocaudata atrocaudata (Eyton) 

Muscipeta atrocaudata Eyton, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, pt. 7, 

No. 78, November 1839, p. 102 ([Malaya]). 
Terpsiphone sababensis Riley, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, vol. 
47, No. 27, July 23, 1934, p. 155 (Khao Sa Bap [lat. 12°35' N., 



194 U.S- NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 226 

long. 102°15' E.], Chanthaburi Province, Thailand). Melanis- 
tic variety! 
Range: A visitor from northeastern Asia, reported on migration 
or in winter from the southeastern provinces (Chanthaburi) . 

Terpsiphone paradisi incei (Gould) 

Muscipeta Incei Gould, The birds of Asia, vol. 2, pt. 4, November 
1852, pi. 19 and text (Shanghai, Kiangsu Province, China). 
Range: A visitor from the Northeast, reported on migration or 
in winter from the eastern portion of the northern plateau (Phrae, 
Nan), the eastern plateau (Loei, Nakhon Ratchasima) , the south- 
eastern provinces (Chon Buri), the central plains (Bangkok, Kam- 
phaeng Phet), and the western and peninsular provinces from Kan- 
chanaburi to the extreme South. 

Terpsiphone paradisi saturatior (Salomonsen) 

Tchitrea affinis saturatior Salomonsen, Ibis, ser. 13, vol. 3, No. 4, 

Oct. 10, 1933, p. 732 (Buxa Duar, Jalpaiguri District, Bengal 

State, India). 

Range: A visitor from the Northwest, reported on migration or in 

winter from the peninsular provinces south of the Istlmius of Kra. 

Terpsiphone paradisi indochinensis (Salomonsen) 

Tchitrea affinis indochinensis Salomonsen, Ibis, ser. 13, vol. 3, No. 4, 
Oct. 10, 1933, p. 734 (Angkor Wat [lat. 13°25' N., long. 103°52' 
E.], Siemreap Province, Cambodia). 
Range: The northern and eastern plateaus, the southeastern prov- 
inces, and the western and peninsular provinces from Kanchanaburi to 
the extreme South (white males reported only from the southeastern 
provinces and the peninsular provinces from Prachuap Khiri Khan 
southward) . 

Subfamily PACHYCEPHALINAE 

Genus PACHYCEPHALA Vigors 

Pachycephala cinerea cinerea (Blyth) 

M[uscitrea]. cinerea Blyth, Journ. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, vol. 16, 
pt. 1, [not earlier than February ] 1847, p. 122 (Ramree Island, 
Kyaukpyu District, Arakan Division, Burma). 
Range: Mangroves of the western coast and its offshore islets from 
the Isthmus of Kra to Satun. 

Pachycephala cinerea vandepolli Finsch 

Pachycephala Vandepolli Finsch, Notes from the Leyden Museum, 
vol. 20, Note 32, February 1899, p. 224 (Pulau Tello [lat. 0°04' 
S., long. 98°16' E.l, Batu Group, Barussan Islands). 
Range: Mangroves of the eastern coast and its offshore islets from 
Trat to Narathiwat. 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 195 

Family MOTACILLIDAE 
Genus MOTACILLA Linnaeus 

Motacilla alba ocularis Swinhoe 

Motacilla ocularis Swinhoe, Ibis, vol. 2, No. 5, January 1860, 

p. 55 (Amoy, Fukien Province, China). 

Range: A visitor from northeastern Asia, reported on migration 

or in winter from the northern plateau (Chiang Rai, Chiang Mai, 

Lampang, Uttaradit), the eastern plateau (Phetchabun, Loei, Nong 

Khai, Ubon) , and the central plains (Nakhon Sawan) . 

Motacilla alba baicalensis Swinhoe 

Motacilla baicalensis Swinhoe, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, for 1871, 

pt. 2, Otober 1871, p. 363 ("Eastern Asia"; type specimen from 

Lake Baikal, fide Bowdler Sharpe, Catalogue of the birds in the 

British Aluseum, vol. 10, 1885, pp. 470, 471). 

Range: A visitor from northeastern Asia, reported on migration or in 

winter from the northern plateau (Chiang Rai, Chiang IVIai, Lampang) 

and the eastern plateau (Nakhon Ratchasima, Ubon). 

Motacilla ajlba leucopsis Gould 

Motacilla leucopsis Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, pt. 5, No. 
55, Jan. 22, 1838, p. 78 (India). 
Range: A visitor from northeastern Asia, reported on migration or 
in winter from the northern and eastern plateaus and the central 
plains. 

Motacilla alba alboides Hodgson 

[Motacilla] Alboides Hodgson, Asiatic Researches, vol. 19, pt. 1, 

[not earUer than September] 1836, p. 191 (no locality given= 

Nepal) . 

Range: A visitor from the North, reported on migration or in 

winter from the northern plateau (sand bars of the Mae Khong and 

the Salween). 

Motacilla caspica melanope Pallas 

Motacilla Melanope Pallas, Reise durch verschiedene Provinzen 
des russischen Reichs, vol. 3, 1776, p. 696 ("in Dauuria circa 
ripas glareosas rarius occurrit, neque in occidentalioribus visa," 
Russian SFSR). 
Range: A visitor from northern Asia, reported on migration or in 
winter from the northern and eastern plateaus, the southeastern 
provinces, the central plains, and the western and peninsular prov- 
inces south to Trang. 



196 U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 226 

Motacilla flava taivana (Swinhoe) 

Budytes taivana Swinhoe, Proc. Zool, Soc. London, for 1863, pt. 
2, August 1863, pp. 274 [descr.], 334 [name, in list] (Formosa). 
Range: A visitor from northeastern Asia, reported on migration or 
in winter from the central plains (Bangkok) and the peninsular prov- 
inces (Prachuap Khiri Khan). 

Motacilla flava macronyx (Stresemann) 

Budytes jlamis macronyx Stresemann, Avifauna macedonica, July 

1920, p. 76 (Vladivostok, Maritime Territory, Russian SFSR). 

Range: A visitor from northeastern Asia, reported on migration or 

in winter from the northern and eastern plateaus, the central plains, 

and the peninsular provinces south of the Isthmus of Kra (Phangnga, 

Trang, Pattani). 

Motacilla flava angarensis (Sushkin) 

[Budytes flava] angarensis Sushkin, Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist., 

vol. 38, No. 1, August 1925, p. 33 ("Village Sharagolskaia, 

Transbaikalia," Russian SFSR). 

Range: A visitor from northern Asia, reported on migration or in 

winter from the northern and eastern plateaus, the central plains, 

and the peninsular provinces from Prachuap Khiri Khan south to 

Krabi. 

Motacilla citreola citreola Pallas 

Motacilla citreola Pallas, Reise durch verschiedene Provinzen des 
russischen Reichs, vol. 3, 1776, p. 696 ("in Sibiria orientaliore 
frequens, rarior minorque in Russia"). 
Range: A visitor from northern Asia, reported on migration or in 
winter from the northern plateau (Chiang Rai, Chiang Mai). 

Genus DENDRONANTHUS Blyth 

Dendronanthus indicus (Gmelin) 

[Motacilla] indica Gmelin, Caroli a Linne . . . Systema naturae, 
ed. 13, tom. 1, pars 2, 1789, p. 962 (India, ex Sonnerat and 
Latham) , 
Range: A visitor from northern Asia, reported on migration or in 
winter from the northern and eastern plateaus, the southeastern prov- 
inces, the central plains, and the western and peninsular provinces 
south to Trang. 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 197 

Genus ANTHUS Bechstein 

Anthus hodgsoni yunnanensis Uchida and Kuroda 

Anihus maculatus yunnanensis Uchida and Kuroda, Annotationes 
Zoologicae Japonenses, vol. 9, pt. 2, June 1916, pp. [133, nomen 
nudum!], 134 (Mengtsz [lat. 23°23' N., long. 103°27' E.], Yun- 
nan Province, China). 
Range: A visitor from northeastern Asia, reported on migration or 
in winter from the northern and eastern plateaus, the central plains, 
and the western and peninsular provinces (southern Tak, Kanchana- 
buri, Prachuap Khiri Khan, Trang) . 

Anthus hodgsoni hodgsoni Richmond 

Anthus hodgsoni Richmond, in Blackwelder, Carnegie Institution 

of Washington Publ. No. 54, Research in China, vol. 1, pt. 2, 

July 24, 1907, p. 493. New name for [Pipastes] maculatus 

"Hodgson" Jerdon, The birds of India, vol. 2, pt. 1, 1863, pp. 

228-229 [descr.], vol. 3, 1864, p. 873 [name] (India), not [Mota- 

cilla] maculata Gmelin, 1789. 

Range: A visitor from the North, reported on migration or in 

winter from the northern plateau (Chiang Rai, Nan) and the eastern 

plateau (Loei, Nong Khai, Sakon Naklion, Nakhon Ratchasima). 

Anthus novae-seelandiae richardi Vieillot 

Anthus Richardi Vieillot, Noveau dictionnaire d'histoire na- 
turelle, nouv. ed., tome 26, December 1818, p. 491 (France). 
Range: A visitor from northern Asia, reported on migration or in 
winter from the northern and eastern plateaus, the central plains, 
and the peninsular provinces south to the Isthmus of Kra. 

Anthus novae-seelandiae sinensis (Bonaparte) 

C[orydaUa]. sinensis Bonaparte, Conspectus generum avium, 

tom. 1, pars 1, June 24, 1850, p. 247 ("China mer[idionalis]."). 

Range: A visitor from the North, reported on migration or in winter 

from the eastern portion of the northern plateau (Chiang Rai, Phrae), 

the eastern plateau, the central plains, and the western and peninsular 

provinces south to Prachuap Khiri Khan. 

Anthus novae-seelandiae rufulus Vieillot 

Anthus rufulus Vieillot, Nouveau dictionnaire d'histoire na- 

turelle, nouv. ed., tome 26, December 1818, p. 494 (Bengal 

State, India). 

Range: The northern plateau, the coastal regions of the southeastern 

provinces, the central plains, and the western and peninsular provinces 

south to Prachuap Khiri Khan. 



198 U-S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 226 

Anthus novae-seelandiae malayensis Eyton 

Anthus Malayensis Eyton, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, pt. 7, No. 78, 
November 1839, p. 104 ([Malaj^a]). 
Eange: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kra to the 
extreme South. 

Anthus cervinus (Pallas) 

Motacilla Cervina Pallas, Zoographia rosso-asiatica, torn. 1, 1811, 
p. 511 (". . . in Sibiria tantum maxime orientali . . ."). 
Range: A visitor from northeastern Asia, reported on migration or 
in Avinter from the northern and eastern plateaus, the central plains, 
and the peninsular provinces south to the Isthmus of Kra. 

Family ARTAMIDAE 

Genus ARTAMUS Vieillot 

Artamus fuscus Vieillot 

Artamus fuscus Vieillot, Nouveau dictionnaire d'histoire na- 
turelle, nouv. ed., tome 17, December 1817, p. 297 (Bengal 
State, India). 
Range: The northern and eastern plateaus, the southeastern prov- 
inces (Chon Buri), the central plains, and the western and peninsular 
provinces south to Prachuap Khiri Khan. 

Family LANIIDAE 
Genus LANIUS Linnaeus 

Lanius cristatus cristatus Linnaeus 

[Lanius] cristatus Linnaeus, Systema naturae, ed. 10, torn. 1, 

1758, p. 93 (Bengal State, India). 

Range: A visitor from northeastern Asia, reported on migration or 

in winter from all parts of the northern plateau, the southeastern 

provinces (Chanthaburi), and the central plains (Kamphaeng Phet), 

Lanius cristatus confusus Stegmann 

Lanius cristatus confusus Stegmann, Journ. fur Orn., jahrg. 77, 

hft. 2, Apr. 29, 1929, p. 248 (Kumara, Khabarovsk Territory, 

Russian SFSR). 

Range: A visitor from northeastern Asia, reported on migration 

or in winter from the northern plateau (Chaiya Prakan), the eastern 

plateau, the southern portion of the central plains, and the peninsular 

provinces from Prachuap Khiri Khan to the extreme South. 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 199 

Lanius cristatus superciliosiis Latham 

L[an{us]. Superciliosus Latham, Index ornithologicus, suppl., 
1801, p. XX (Jakarta, Java). 
Range: A visitor from northeastern Asia, reported on migration 
or in winter from the southernmost peninsular provinces (Narathiwat) . 

Lanius cristatus lucionensis Linnaeus 

[Lanius] lucionensis Linnaeus, Systema naturae, ed. 12, tom. 1, 
1766, p. 135 (Luz6n Island, Philippine Islands). 
Range: A visitor from the Northeast, reported on migration or in 
winter from the northern plateau (Lamphun) . 

Lanius tigrinus Drapiez 

Lanius tigrinus Drapiez, in Dictionnaire classique d'histoire 

naturelle, ed. Bory de Saint-Vincent, tome 13, 1828, p. 523 

(Java) . 

Range: A visitor from northeastern Asia, reported on migration 

or in winter from the norther plateau (Lamphun, Plirae), the central 

plains (Bangkok), and the peninsular provinces from Prachuap Khiri 

Khan to the extreme South. 

Lanius coUurioides collurioides Lesson 

Lanius collurioides Lesson, in Belanger, Voyage aux Indes-Orien- 

tales . . . Zoologie, pt. 4, August 1832, p. 250 (Pegu Division, 

Burma) . 

Lanius hypoleucus siamensis Gyldenstolpe, Orn. Monatsb., jahrg. 

24, No. 2, February 1916, p. 28 (Prachuap Khiri Khan flat. 

11°50' N., long. 99°50' E.], Prachuap Khu-i Khan Province, 

ThaUand). 

Range: The northern and eastern plateaus, and the western and 

peninsular provinces from Kanchanaburi to Prachuap Khiri Khan. 

Lanius tephronotus (Vigors) 

Collurio tephronotus Vigors, Proc. Comm. Sci. Corr. Zool. Soc. 
London, pt. 1, No. 4, Apr. 6, 1831, p. 43 (Himalayas; type 
locality restricted to Gyangtse, Tibet, by Stuart Baker, Journ. 
Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc, vol. 27, No. 4, 1921, p. 693, and 
corrected to "Foothills of the Himalayas near Darjeeling 
[Darjeeling District, Bengal State, India], where breeding birds 
of the Gyantse district may be expected to winter," by Mayr, 
Journ. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc, vol. 47, No. 1, 1947, p. 127). 
Range: A visitor from the North, reported on migration or in winter 

from the northern plateau (Chiang Rai, Chaiya Prakan, Chiang Mai, 

Phrae). 



546-019—63 14 



200 U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 226 

Lanius nasutus tricolor Hodgson 

[Lanius] Tricolor Hodgson, India Review and Journal of Foreign 
Science and the Arts, vol. 1, No. 10, January 1837, p. 446 
(Nepal). 
Range: Reported only from the northern plateau (Chiang Rai, 
Chaiya Prakan, Chiang Mai, Nan). 

Lanius nasutus longicaudatus Ogilvie-Grant 

Lanitis longicaudatus Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, pt. 27, 
August 1859, p. 151 (Thailand). Nomen nudum! 

Lanius nigriceps subsp. longicaudatus Ogilvie-Grant, Nov. Zool. 
vol. 9, No. 3, Dec. 16, 1902, p. 480 (Thailand; type locality 
restricted to Bangkok flat. 13°45' N., long. 100°30' E.], by 
Stuart Baker, Journ. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc, vol. 27, No. 4, 
1921, p. 692. 

Lanius nigriceps schomburgki Kinnear, Ibis, ser. 14, vol. 4, No. 4, 
Oct. 11, 1940, p. 729. New name for Lanius nigriceps subsp. 
longicaudatus Ogilvie-Grant, Nov. Zool., vol. 9, No. 3, Dec. 
16, 1902, p. 480 (Thailand), considered unavailable because 
derived from Lanius longicaudatus Gould, 1859, nomen nudum, 
placed in synonymy with [Lanius] schach Linnaeus, 1758, by 
Gadow, Catalogue of the birds in the British Museum, vol. 8, 
1883, p. 262. 
Range: The southeastern provinces (Chon Buri) and the central 
plains. 

Family STURNIDAE 
Genus APLONIS Gould 

Aplonis panayensis strigatus (Horsfield) 

Turdus strigatus Horsfield, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, vol. 13, 

pt. 1, May 1821, p. 148 (Java). 
Lamprocorax panayensis halictypus Oberholser, Journ. Washing- 
ton Acad. Sci., vol. 16, No. 19, Nov. 18, 1926, p. 516 (Ko 
Libong [lat. 7°15' N., long. 99°25' E.], Trang Province, Thai- 
land). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from the Istlunus of Klra to the 
extreme South. 

Genus SAROGLOSSA Hodgson 

Saroglossa spiloptera (Vigors) 

Lamprotornis spilopterus Vigors, Proc. Comm. Sci. Corr. Zool. 
Soc. London, pt. 1, No. 3, March 2, 1831, p. 35 (Himalayas; 
type locality restricted to "the district Simla- Almora," Hima- 
chal Pradesh State, India, by Ticehurst and Whistler, Ibis, 
1924, p. 471). 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 201 

Range: Reported only from the southwestern provinces (southern 
Tak). 

Genus STURNUS Linnaeus 

Sturnus malabaricus nemoricola (Jerdon) 

Sturnia nemoricola Jerdon, Ibis, vol. 4, No. 13, January 1862, 

p. 22 (Thayetmyo, Thayetmyo District, Magwe Division, 

Burma). 

Range: Reported, mainly on migration or in winter, from the 

northern and eastern plateaus, the central plains, and the western 

and peninsular provinces south to Prachuap Khiri Khan. 

Sturnus sinensis (Gmelin) 

[Oriolus] sinensis Gmelin, CaroU a Linne . . . Systema naturae, 

ed. 13, tom. 1, pars 1, 1788, p. 394 (China). 

Range: A visitor from the Northeast, reported on migration or in 

winter from the northern plateau (Lampang), the eastern plateau, 

the southeastern provinces, the central plains, and the western and 

peninsular provinces south to Nakhon Si Thammarat. 

Stiu*nus sturninus (Pallas) 

Oracula sturnina Pallas, Reise durch verschiedene Provinzen des 

russischen Reichs, vol. 3, 1776, pp. 210, 695 ("in salicetis 

Dauuriae australioris, circa Ononem et Argunum," Chita 

Province, Russian SFSR). 

Range: A visitor from northeastern Asia, reported on migration or 

in winter from the southeastern provinces, the southern portion of 

the central plains, and the peninsular provinces south of the Isthmus 

of Kj-a. 

Sturnus contra floweri (Bowdler Sharpe) 

Sturnopastor floweri Bowdler Sharpe, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, vol. 

7, No. 48, Nov. 29, 1897, p. xvii ("Pachim"=Prachin Buri 

[lat. 14°05' N., long. 101°25' E.], and "Tahkamen" = Ban 

Prachantakham [lat. 14°05' N., long 101°30' E.], Prachin Buri 

Province, Thailand). 

Range: The northern plateau, the southeastern provinces, the 

central plains, and the western and peninsular provinces south to 

Prachuap Khiri Klian, 

Sturnus uigricoUis (von Paykull) 

Oracula nigricollis von Paykull, Kongl. [Svenska] Vet, Akad. 
Handl., band 28, [not earlier than January] 1808, p. 291, pi. 9 
(Canton, Kwangtung Province, China). 
Range: The northern and eastern plateaus, the southeastern prov- 
inces, the central plains, and the western and peninsular provinces 
south to Prachuap Khiri Khan. 



202 U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 226 

Sturnus burmannicus leucocephalus (Giglioli and Salvador!) 

Acridotheres leucocephalus Giglioli and Salvadori, Atti Accad. Sci. 
Torino, vol. 5, disp. 3, Jan. 2, 1870, p. 273 (Thuduc [lat. 10°51' 
N., long. 106°45' E.], Giadinh Province, Cocbin-China). 
Sturnia incognita Hume, Stray Feathers, vol. 8, Nos. 2-5, October 
1879, p. 396 ("between our [Tenasserim] Frontier and Bangkok 
in Siam"). 
Range: The eastern plateau, the southeastern provinces, the 
central plains, and the western and peninsular provinces from Tak 
south to Prachuap Khiri Khan. 

Sturnus tristis tristis (Linnaeus) 

[Paradisea] tristis Linnaeus, Systema naturae, ed. 12, tom. 1, 
1766, p. 167 ("in Philippinis," error; type locality altered to 
Calcutta, Bengal State, India, by Stuart Baker, The fauna of 
British India, Birds, ed. 2, vol. 3, 1926, p. 53, and corrected 
to Pondicherry, Madras State, by Stresemann, Ibis, vol. 94, 
1952, p. 515). 
Range: The northern and eastern plateaus, the southeastern prov- 
inces, the central plains, and the western and peninsular provinces 
south to Phatthalung and possibly farther. 

Sturnus javanicus grandis (Moore) 

A[cridotheres]. grandis Moore, in Horsfield and Moore, Catalogue 
of the birds in the Museum of the Hon. East-India Company, 
vol. 2, 1858, p. 537 (Sumatra, error; type locality altered to 
Tenasserim Division, Burma, by Stuart Baker, Journ. Bombay 
Nat. Hist. Soc, vol. 27, 1921, p. 702, error, and corrected to 
Bangkok [lat. 13°45' N., long. 100°30' E.], Thailand, by Deig- 
nan, U.S. Nat. Mus. Bull. 186, 1945, p. 526). 
A[cridotheres]. siamensis Swinhoe, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, for 
1863, pt. 2, August 1863, p. 303 (Thailand; type locality re- 
stricted to Bangkok, by Deignan, U.S. Nat. Mus. Bull. 186, 
1945, p. 527). 
Range: The northern and eastern plateaus, the southeastern prov- 
inces, the central plains, and the western and peninsular provinces 
south to Prachuap Khu*i Khan. 

Sturnus mahrattensis torquatus (Davison) 

Acridotheres torquatus Davison, Ibis, ser. 6, vol. 4, No. 13, January 
1892, p. 102 (Kampong Pulau Tawar [lat. 3°53' N., long. 
102°26' E.], Pahang State, Malaya). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from Prachuap Khiri Khan to 
the extreme South. 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 203 

Genus AMPELICEPS Blyth 

Ampeliceps coronatus Blyth 

A[mpeliceps]. coronatus Blyth, Journ. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, vol. 11, 
pt. 1, No. 122, [not earlier than March] 1842, p. 194 (Tenas- 
serim Division, Lower Burma) . 
Range: The northern and eastern plateaus, the southeastern prov- 
inces, and the western and peninsular provinces south to Trang. 

Genus GRACULA Linnaeus 

Gracula religiosa intermedia Hay 

[Gracula] intermedins [sic] Hay, Madras Journal of Literature and 
Science, vol. 13, pt. 2, No. 31, [not earlier than Aug. 9,] 1845, 
p. 157 ("Northern India and Arracan"; type locality infer- 
entially restricted to "N. India," by Wardlaw Ramsay, in 
The ornithological works of Arthur, Ninth Marquis of Tweed- 
dale, 1881, p. 666, and further restricted to Cachar District, 
Assam State, India, apud Stuart Baker, Journ. Bombay Nat. 
Hist. Soc, vol. 27, 1921, p. 698). 
Range: The northern and eastern plateaus, the southeastern prov- 
inces, and the western and peninsular provinces south to the Isthmus 
of Kra. 

Gracula religiosa religiosa Linnaeus 

[Gracula] religiosa Linnaeus, Systema naturae, ed. 10, torn. 1, 

1758, p. 108 (Asia; type locality restricted to Java, ex Osbeck 

and Bontius [cf. Oberholser, U.S. Nat. Mus. Bull. 159, 1932, 

pp. 92-93]). 

Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kra to the 

extreme South. 

Family NECTARINIIDAE 

Genus ANTHREPTES Swainson 

Anthreptes simplex (S. Miiller) 

Nectarinia simplex S. Miiller, Verhandelingen over de natuurlijke 

Geschiedenis der Nederlandsche Overzeesche Bezittingen . . . 

Land- en Volkenkunde, pts. 6 & 7, 1843, p. 173, footnote 

(Sumatra and Borneo). 

Range: The peninsular provinces from Prachuap Khiri Klian to the 

extreme South. 



204 XJ.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 226 

Anthreptes malacensis malacensis (Scopoli) 

Certhia (malacensis) Scopoli, Deliciae florae et faunae Insubricae, 
pars 2, 1786, p. 91 (Malacca, ex Sonnerat). 
Range: The southeastern provinces, the central plains (north to 
Phetchabun and Kamphaeng Phet), and the peninsular provinces to 
the extreme South. 

Anthreptes rhodolaema rhodolaema Shelley 

Anthreptes rhodolsema Shelley, A monograph of the Nectariniidae 
or family of sun-birds, pt. 6, Feb. 5, 1878, p. [313], pi. [102], 
upper fig. ("Malacca and Sumatra"; type locality restricted to 
Malacca, by Riley, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, vol. 47, 1934, 
p. 116). 
Range: Reported only from the southern peninsular provinces 
(Trang). 

Anthreptes singalensis assamensis (Boden Kloss) 

Chalcoparia singalensis assamensis Boden Kloss, Bull. Brit. 
Orn. Club, vol. 50, No. 341, May 7, 1930, p. 70. New name 
for "Chalcoparia singalensis lepida (Latham)" Stuart Baker, 
The fauna of British India, Bu-ds, ed. 2, vol. 3, Mar. 16, 1926 
("India, now restricted to Cachar [District, Assam State]"), 
ex [Certhia] lepida Latham, 1790, not Certhia lepida Sparrman, 
1787. 
Range: Reported from all the provinces of the northern plateau. 

Anthreptes singalensis koratensis (Boden Kloss) 

Chalcoparia singalensis koratensis Boden Kloss, Ibis, ser. 10, vol. 6, 
No. 2, Apr. 9, 1918, p. 218 (Sathani Lat Bua Khao [lat. 
14°50' N., long. 101°35' E.], Nakhon Ratchasima Province, 
Thailand). 
Anthreptes singalensis stellae Deignan, Zoologica, vol. 35, pt. 2, 
No. 8, Aug. 1, 1950, p. 128 (Khao Saming [lat. 12°2r N., long. 
102°27' E.], Trat Province, Thailand). 
Range: The whole of the eastern plateau and the southeastern 
provinces. 

Anthreptes singalensis internota Deignan. 

Anthreptes singalensis internotus [sic] Deignan, Proc. Biol. Soc. 

Washington, vol. 68, No. 23, Oct. 31, 1955, p. 147 (Ban Khlua 

Klang [about lat. 11°38' N., long. 99°36' E.], Prachuap Khiri 

Khan Province, Thailand). 

Range: The southwestern and peninsular provinces from Kanchana- 

buri south to Prachuap Khiri Khan, and eastward across the southern 

portion of the central plains to Ayutthaya and Bangkok. 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 205 

Anthreptes singalensis interposita (Robinson and Boden Kloss) 
Chalcoparia singalensis interposita Robinson and Boden Kloss, 
Journ. Federated Malay States Mus., vol. 10, pt. 3, June 1921, 
p. 209 (Ban Takua Pa [lat. 8°50' N., long. 98°20' E.], Phangnga 
Province, and Ban Khok Klap=Ban Na [lat. 8°53' N., long. 
99°17' E.], Surat Thani Province, Thailand). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Era to the 
extreme South. 

Genus HYPOGRAMMA Reichenbach 

Hypogramma hypogrammicuin lisettae (Delacour) 

Anthreptes hypogrammica lisettae Delacour, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 
vol. 47, No. 308, Nov. 6, 1926, p. 22 (Col des Nuages [lat. 
16°11' N., long. 108°08' E.], Annam). 
Range: Reported only from the northern plateau (Chiang Rai, 
Mae Hong Son, Chiang Mai, Nan). 

Hypogramma hypogrammicum nuchale (Blyth) 

Anthr[eptes]. nuchalis Blyth, Journ. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, vol. 12, 
pt. 2, No. 143, [not earher than December ?] 1843, p. 980 
(Singapore Island, Malaya.) 
Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kra to the 
extreme South. 

Genus NECTARINIA lUiger 

Nectarinia sperata brasiliana (Gmelin) 

[Certhia] brasiliana Gmehn, Caroli a Linne . . . Systema 

naturae, ed. 13, tom. 1, pars. 1, 1788, p. 474 ("Brasilia," error; 

type locality corrected to Java, by Oberholser, Smithsonian 

Misc. Coll., vol. 60, No. 7, 1912, p. 18, footnote 2). 

Range: The southeastern provinces, the southern portion of the 

central plains (Nakhon Nayok, Samut Sakhon), and the peninsular 

provinces from the Isthmus of Kra to the extreme South. 

Nectarinia calcostetha calcostetha Jardine 

N[ectarinia]. calcostetha Jardine, The natural history of the 
Nectariniadae, or sun-birds [The naturahst's library, vol. 36], 
1843, p. 263 ("E. Ind. Islands?"; type locahty restricted to 
Java, by Oberholser, Journ. Washington Acad. Sci., vol. 13, 
1923, p. 229). 
Range: Coastal regions of the southeastern provinces (Chanthaburi) 
and the western shores of the Peninsula. 



206 U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 226 

Nectarinia jugularis flammaxillaris Blyth 

N[€ctarinia]. flammaxillaris Blyth, Journ. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, 
vol. 14, pt. 2, No. 164, [not earlier than Aug. 29,] 1845, p. 
557. New name for ''N[ectarinia]. jugularis Vieillot, apud 
Jardine" Blyth, Journ. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, vol. 12, pt. 2, 
1843, p. 979 ("the Tenasserim provinces"), not [Certhia\ 
jugularis Linnaeus, 1766. 
Range: The northern and eastern plateaus, the southeastern prov- 
inces, the central plains, and the western and peninsular provinces 
to the extreme South. 

Nectarinia asiatica intermedia (Hume) 

A[rachnechthra]. intermedia Hume, Ibis, ser. 2, vol. 6, No. 23, 
July 1870, p. 436 (Tippera District, Bengal State, East Paki- 
stan). 
Range: The northern and eastern plateaus and the western and 
peninsular provinces south to Prachuap Khiri Khan. 

Genus AETHOPYGA Cabanis 

Aethopyga gouldiae dabryii (J. Verreaux) 

Nectarinia Dabryii J. Verreaux, Rev. Mag. Zool., ser. 2, tome 
19, May 1867, p. 173, pi. 15 ("le nord de la Chine"; type 
locality corrected to "the hills above Ta-tsien-leou, wliich 
border the eastern [sic] boundary of the Chinese province of 
Sechnen [sic]," by Sclater, Ibis, ser. 2, vol. 6, 1870, p. 297 
[c/. Deignan, Auk, vol. 61, 1944, pp. 133-135]). 
Range: A visitor from the North, reported on migration or in 

winter from mountains of the western portion of the northern plateau 

(Chaiya Prakan, Chiang Mai, Lamphun). 

Aethopyga nipalensis angkanensis Riley 

Aethopyga nipalensis angkanensis Riley, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash- 
ington, vol. 42, No. 15, May 3, 1929, p. 162 (Doi Aug Ka=Doi 
Inthanon [lat. 18°35' N., long. 98°30' E.], Chiang Mai Prov- 
ince, Thailand). 
Range: Reported only from high mountains of the western portion 
of the northern plateau (summit of Doi Ang Ka) . 

Aethopyga nipalensis australis Robinson and Boden Kloss 

Mthopyga nipalensis australis Robinson and Boden Kloss, Bull. 

Brit. Orn. Club, vol. 44, No. 281, Nov. 5, 1923, p. 14 (Khao 

Luang [lat. 8°30' N., long. 99°45' E.], Nalchon Si Thammarat 

Province, Thailand). 

Range: Reported only from high mountains of the peninsular 

provinces south of the Isthmus of Kra (Nakhon Si Thammarat). 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 207 

Aethopyga saturata galenae Deignan 

Aethopyga saturata galenae Deignan, Journ. Washington Acad. 

Sci., vol. 38, No. 1, Jan. 15, 1948, p. 22 (Doi Langka=Khao 

Pha Cho [lat. 19°00' N., long. 99°25' E.], Chiang Mai Province, 

ThaHand). 

Range: Mountains of the western portion of the northern plateau 

(Chaiya Prakan, Chiang Mai, Lamphun, Lampang). 

Aethopyga saturata petersi Deignan 

Aethopyga saturata pet-ersi Deignan, Journ. Washington Acad. 

Sci., vol. 38, No. 1, Jan. 15, 1948, p. 22 (Pa Kha [lat. 22°32' 

N., long. 104°18' E.], Laokay Province, Tongking). 

Range: The eastern portion of the northern plateau (Chiang Rai, 

Nan) and the northwestern portion of the eastern plateau (Loei). 

Aethopyga saturata anoniala Richmond 

jEthopyga anomala Richmond, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus., vol. 22, 
No. 1201, May 12, 1900, p. 319 (Khao vSung [lat. 7°32' N., 
long. 99°50' E.], Trang Province, Thailand). 
Range: Mountains of the peninsular provinces south of the Isthmus 
of Kra (Trang) . 

Aethopyga siparaja seheriae (Tickell) 

Necterinia [sic] Seheriae Tickell, Journ. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, vol. 
2, No. 23, November 1833, p. 577 (Seheria, Manbhum District, 
Bihar State, India). 
Range: Reported from the western portion of the northern plateau 
(Chaiya Prakan, Chiang Mai). 

Aethopyga siparaja cara Hume 

M[thopyga]. cara Hume, Stray Feathers, vol. 2, No. 6, October 
1874, p. 473, footnote ("south of Moulmein," Tenasserim 
Division, Lower Burma). 
Range: The eastern portion of the northern plateau (Phrae, Nan), 
the eastern plateau (Sakon Naldion, Nakhon Ratchasima), the south- 
eastern provinces, and the central plains south to Prachuap Khiri 
Khan. 

Aethopyga siparaja mangini Delacour and Jabouille 

JEthopyga siparaja mangini Delacour and Jabouille, Bull. Brit. 

Orn. Club, vol. 45, No. 291, Dec. 5, 1924, p. 34 (Lao Bao 

[lat. 16°36' N., long. 106°36' E.], Quang Tri Pro\dnce, Annam). 

Range: Reported from the easternmost portion of the eastern 

plateau (Ubon) and the easternmost portion of the central plains 

(Prachin Buri, at the Cambodian border). 



208 U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 226 

Aethopyga siparaja trangensis Meyer de Schauensee 

Aethopyga siparaja trangensis Meyer de Schauensee, Proc. Acad. 
Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, vol. 98, May 17, 1946, p. 79 (Khao 
Phanom Bencha [lat. 8°15' N., long. 98°55' E.], Trang Province, 
Thailand). 
Range: Evergreen forests of the southwestern and peninsular prov- 
inces from Kanchanaburi southward to Satun. 

Aethopyga siparaja siparaja (Raffles) 

Certhia Siparaja Raffles, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, vol. 13, pt. 2, 
[not earlier than November] 1822, p. 299 (Sumatra). 
Range: Reported only from the southernmost peninsular provinces 
(Narathiwat). 

Aethopyga mystacalis temminckii (S. Miiller) 

Nectarinia Temminckii S. Miiller, Verhandelmgen over de Na- 
tuurlijke Geschiedenis der Nederlandsche Overzeesche Be- 
zittingen . . . Land- en Volkenkunde, pts. 6 & 7, 1843, p. 173, 
footnote (Mount Singgalang [lat. 0°24' S., long. 100°20' E.], 
Sumatra). 
Range: Reported only from the southern peninsular provinces 
(Trang). 

Genus ARACHNOTHERA Temrainck 

Arachnothera longirostra longirostra (Latham) 

[Certhia] longirostra Latham, Index ornithologicus, tom. 1, 1790, 
p. 299 ("Bengala"; type locality here restricted to Tippera 
District, Bengal State, Pakistan). 
Range: The western provinces from Chiang Mai southward to 
Prachuap Khiri Khan. 

Arachnothera longirostra sordida La Touche 

Arachnothera longirostris [sic] sordida La Touche, Bull. Brit. Orn. 

Club, vol. 42, No. 263, Nov. 29, 1921, p. 32 (Hokow, Yunnan 

Province, China). 

Range: The eastern portion of the northern plateau (Chiang Rai, 

Phayao, Nan) and the northwestern portion of the eastern plateau 

(Loei) . 

Arachnothera longirostra pallida Delacour 

Arachnothera longirostris [sic] pallida Delacour, L'Oiseau et la 
Revue Frangaise d'Ornithologie, nouv. ser., vol. 2, No. 3, 
July 10, 1932, p. 431 (Pakse [lat. 15°07' N., long. 105°47' E.], 
Bassac Province, Laos). 
Range: Reported only from the southeastern provinces. 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 209 

Arachnothera longirostra cinireicoUis (Vieillot) 

Cinnyris cinireicoUis Vieillot, Nouveau dictionnaire d'histoire 
naturelle, iiouv. ed., tome 31, September 1819, p. 502 ("Son 
pays ne m'est pas connu"; type specimen from Mal&cca, Jide 
Chasen, A handlist of Mala3^sian birds, 1935, p. 281). 
Arachnothera longirostris [sic] antelia Oberholser, Journ. Wash- 
ington Acad. Sci., vol. 13, No. 11, June 4, 1923, p. 227 (Trang 
Province, Thailand). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kj-a to the 
extreme South. 

Arachnothera crassirostris (Reichenbach) 

A[rachnocestra]. crassirostris Reichenbach, Handbuch der speciel- 
len Ornithologie, continuatio No. 11, Scansoriae, Aug. 1, 1853, 
p. 314, No. 741, pi. 529, No. 4016 ("Ich erhielt sie nebst anderen 
unbestimmten indischen Vogeln, ohne eine bestimmtere Angabe 
ihres Vaterlandes zu finden"; type locality restricted to "Settle- 
ment of Malacca," by Robinson, Birds of the Malay Peninsula, 
vol. 2, 1928, p. 297). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kra to the 

extreme South. 

Arachnothera robusta robusta S. Miiller and Schlegel 

Arachnothera robusta S. Aliiller and Schlegel, Verhandelingen over 

de natuurlijke Geschiedenis der Nederlandsche Overzeesche 

Bezittingen . . . Zoologie (Aves), 1845, p. 68, pi. 11, fig. 1 

(Sumatra) . 

Range: Reported only from the southern peninsular provinces 

(Trang). 

Arachnothera flavigaster (Eyton) 

Anthreptes flauigaster Eyton, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, pt. 7, No. 
78, November 1839, p. 105 ([Malaya]). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from Prachuap Khiri Khan to the 
extreme South. 

Arachnothera chrysogenys chrysogenys (Temminck) 

Nectarinia chrysogenys Temminck, in Temminck and Laugier, 

Nouveau recueil de planches coloriees d'oiseaux, [livr. 65,] vol. 4, 

May 1826, pi. 388, fig. 1, and text (". . . Java, dans le district 

sauvage et boise de Bantam"). 

Arachnothera chrysogenys intensiflava Stuart Baker, Bull. Brit. 

Orn. Club, vol. 46, No. 299, Nov. 4, 1925, p. 14 (Ban Krasom 

[lat. 8°25' N., long. 98°25' E.], Phangnga Province, Thailand). 

Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kra to the 

extreme South. 



210 U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETUST 2 26 

Arachnothera afRnis caena Deignan 

Arachnothera affinis caena Deignan, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 
vol. 69, No. 36, Dec. 31, 1956, p. 210 (Ban Hin Laem [lat. 14°40' 
N., long. 98°40' E.l, Kanchanaburi Province, Thailand). 
Range: The evergreen forest of the southwestern and northern 
peninsular provinces (Kanchanaburi, Prachuap Khiri Khan). 

Arachnothera aflinis modesta (Eyton) 

Anthreptes modesta Eyton, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, pt. 7, No. 78, 
November 1839, p. 105 ([Malaya]). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kra to the 
extreme South. 

Arachnothera magna musarum Deignan 

Arachnothera magna musarum Deignan, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washing- 
ton, vol. 69, No. 36, Dec. 31, 1956, p. 210 (Doi Phu Kha [lat. 
19°05' N., long. 101 °05' E.], Nan Province, Thailand). 
Range: Reported only from the evergreen forests of the northern 
plateau. 

Arachnothera magna pagodarum Deignan 

Arachnothera magna pagodarum Deignan, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash- 
ington, vol. 69, No. 36, Dec. 31, 1956, p. 211 (Ban Hin Laem 
[lat. 14°40' N., long. 98°40' E.], Kanchanaburi Province, 
Thailand). 
Range: The evergreen forest of the southwestern provinces (south- 
ern Tak, Kanchanaburi). 

Family DICAEIDAE 
Genus PRIONOCHILUS Strickland 

Prionochilus thoracicus (Temminck) 

Pardalotus thoracicus Temminck, in Temminck and Laugier, 
Nouveau recueil de planches coloriees d'oiseaux, [livr. 101,] 
vol. 3, 1836, pi. 600, fig. 1, 2, and text (Borneo). 
Range: Reported only from the southern peninsular provinces 
(Phatthalung), 

Prionochilus maculatus septentrionalis Robinson and Boden Kloss 

Prionochilus maculatus septentrionalis Robinson and Boden Kloss, 

Journ. Federated Malay States, vol. 10, pt. 3, June 1921, p. 206 

(Ban Tha San [lat. 10°30' N., long. 98°55' E.], Ranong Province, 

Thailand). 

Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kra south to 

Trang. 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 211 

Prionochilus maculatiis oblitiis (Mayr) 

Anaimos maculatus oblitus Mayr, Bull. Raffles Mus., No. 14, 
Sept. 22, 1938, p. 42 (Semangko Pass, Selangor-Pahang bound- 
ary, Malaya). 
Range: Reported from the southernmost peninsular provinces 
(Pattani, Narathiwat). 

Prionochilus percussus ignicapillus (Eyton) 

Dicxum ignicapilla [sic] Eyton, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, pt. 7, 
No. 78, November 1839, p. 105 ([Malaya]). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kra to the 
extreme South. 

Genus DICAEUM Cuvier 

Dicaeum agile pallescens (Riley) 

Piprisoma modesta [sic] pallescens Riley, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash- 
ington, vol. 48, No. 29, Oct. 31, 1935, p. 148 (Ban Pak Chong 
[lat. 14°40' N., long. 101 °25' E.], Nakhon Ratchasima Prov- 
ince, Thailand). 
Range: The eastern portion of the northern plateau (Lampang, 
Phrae, Nan), the southwestern portion of the eastern plateau (Nakhon 
Ratchasima, Sara Buri), the central plains (Bangkok), and the south- 
western provinces (Kanchanaburi). 

Dicaeum agile separabile Deignan 

Dicaeum agile separabile Deignan, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 
vol. 69, No. 36, Dec. 31, 1956, p. 211 (Dalat [lat. 11°55' N., 
long. 108°26' E.], Haut-Donai Province, Annam). 
Range: Reported only from the southeastern portion of the eastern 
plateau (Ubon). 

Dicaeum agile modestum (Hume) 

Prionochilus modestus Hume, Stray Feathers, vol. 3, No. 4, May 

1875, p. 298 ("S. Tenasserim"; specimens from Mergui and 

Maliwun, Mergui District, Tenasserim Division, Burma, fide 

Hume and Davison, Stray Feathers, vol. 6, 1878, p. 200). 

Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kra south to 

Trang. 

Dicaeum chrysorrheum chrysochlore Blyth 

Dicseum chrysochlore Blyth, Journ. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, vol. 12, 
pt. 2, No. 143, [not earlier than December?] 1843, p. 1009 
(Arakan Division, Burma). 
Range: The northern and eastern plateaus, the southeastern prov- 
inces, and the western and peninsular provinces south to Prachuap 
Khiii Khan. 



212 U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETEST 226 

Dicaeum chrysorrheum chrysorrheum Temminck 

Diceum [sic] chrysorrheum Temminck, in Temminck and Laugier, 
Nouveau recueil de planches coloriees d'oiseaux, [livr. 80,] 
vol. 4, September 1829, pi. 478, fig. 1, and text (Java). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kra to the 
extreme South. 

Dicaeum melanozanthum (Blyth) 

P[achyglossa]. melanozantha "Hodgson" Blyth, Journ. Asiatic 
Soc. Bengal, vol. 12, pt. 2, No. 143, [not earlier than December?] 
1843, p. 1010 (Nepal). 
Range: A visitor from the North, reported on migration or in winter 
from the western portion of the northern plateau (Chiang Mai). 

Dicaeum trigonostigma rubropygium Stuart Baker 

Dicaeum trigonostigma rubropygium Stuart Baker, Bull. Brit. Orn. 
Club, vol. 41, No. 259, Apr. 27, 1921, p. 108 (Mergui, Mergui 
District, Tenasserim Division, Burma). 
Range: The western peninsular provinces from Ranong to Phuket 
and Krabi. 

Dicaeum trigonostigma trigonostigma (Scopoli) 

Certhia (trigonostigma) Scopoli, Deliciae florae et faunae Insub- 
ricae, pars 2, 1786, p. 91 (China, ex Sonnerat, error; type 
locality corrected to the Malay Peninsula, by Hartert, Bull. 
Brit. Orn. Club, vol. 38, No. 234, May 22, 1918, p. 74, and 
restricted to Malacca, by Robinson and Boden Kloss, Journ. 
Nat. Hist. Soc. Siam, vol. 5, No. 3, Sept. 24, 1924, p. 388). 
Range: The peninsular provinces (exclusive of those inhabited by 
the preceding form) from Surat Thani to the extreme South. 

Dicaeum concolor olivaceum Walden 

Dicaeum olivaceum Walden, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 4, vol. 15, 
No. 90, June 1875, p. 401 (Toungoo, Toungoo District, Pegu 
Division, and Karen Hills, Burma). 
Range: The northern and eastern plateaus and the southwestern 
provinces (Kanchanaburi). 

Dicaeum cruentatum siamense Boden Kloss 

Dicaeum cruentatum siamensis [sic] Boden Kloss, Ibis, ser. 10, vol. 
6, No. 2, Apr. 9, 1918, p. 216 (Sathani Lat Bua Khao [lat. 
WBO' N., long. 101 °35' E.], Nakhon Ratchasima Province, 
Thailand). 
Range: The northern and eastern plateaus, the southeastern prov- 
inces, the central plains, and the western and peninsular provinces 
south to Prachuap Khiri Khan. 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 213 

Dicaeum cruentatum ignitum (Begbie) 

Nectarinia ignita Begbie, The Malayan Peninsula, 1834, p. 518 
(Malacca). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kra to the 
extreme South. 

Dicaeum ignipectus ignipectus (Blyth) 

M[yzanihe]. ignipectus "Hodgson" Blyth, Journ. Asiatic Soc. 

Bengal, vol. 12, pt. 2, No. 143, [not earlier than December ?] 

1843, p. 983 (Nepal and Bhutan; type specimens from Nepal, 

Jlde Bowdler Sharpe, Catalogue of the birds in the British 

Museum, vol. 10, 1885, p. 43). 

Range: Reported from mountains of the northern plateau. 

Dicaeum ignipectus cambodianum Delacour and Jabouille 

Dicxum beccarii cambodianum Delacour and Jabouille, Bull. Brit. 
Orn. Club, vol. 48, No. 325, July 10, 1928, p. 135 (Le Bockor 
[lat. 10°37' N., long. 104°03' E.], Kampot Province, Cambodia). 
Dicaeum umbratile Riley, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, vol. 43, 
No. 31, Nov. 29, 1930, p. 191 (Khao Kuap [lat. 12°25' N., 
long. 102°50' E.], Trat Province, Thailand). 
Range: Reported only from the southeastern provinces (Trat). 

Dicaeum ignipectus dolichorhynchum Deignan 

Dicaeum ignipectus dolichorhynchum Deignan, Proc. Biol. Soc. 
Washington, vol. 51, No. 24, May 19, 1938, p. 97 (Khao Nam 
PUu [lat. 7°35' N., long. 99° 50'E.], Trang Province, Thailand). 
Range: Reported from mountains of the southern peninsular prov- 
inces (Trang, Phatthalung). 

Family ZOSTEROPIDAE 
Genus ZOSTEROPS Vigors and Horsfield 

Zosterops erythropleura Swinhoe 

Z[osterops]. erythropleurus [sic] Swinhoe, Ibis, vol. 5, No. 19, 

July 1863, p. 294, footnote ("N[orthern]. China"). Nomen 

nudum! 

Zosterops erythropleura Swinhoe, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, for 

1863, pt. 2, August 1863, p. 204 (Shanghai, Kiangsu Province, 

and Tientsin, Hopeh Province, China). 

Range: A visitor from northeastern Asia, reported on migration or 

in winter from mountains of the northern plateau (Chiang Mai, Nan). 



214 U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 2 26 

Zosterops japonica simplex Swinhoe 

Z[osterops]. simplex Swinhoe, Ibis, vol. 3, No. 12, October 1861, 
p. 331 ("a Southern-Chinese form . . . "). Nomen nudum! 
Zosterops simplex Swinhoe, Ibis, vol. 5, No. 19, July 1863, p. 294 
("Southern China, from C'anton to Foochow"; type locality 
restricted to Hong Kong, by Mees, Zoologische Verhandehngen, 
No. 35, Oct. 16, 1957, p. 120). 
Range: A visitor from the North, reported on migration or in win- 
ter from the northern plateau (Chiang Rai, Chaiya Prakan, Chiang 
Mai, Lampang) and the eastern plateau (Loei, Nakhon Ratchasima, 
Ubon). 

Zosterops palpebrosa joannae La Touche 

Zosterops aureiventer joannx La Touche, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 
vol. 42, No. 263, Nov. 29, 1921, p. 31 (Mengtsz [lat. 23°23' N., 
long. 103°27' E.], Yunnan Province, China). 
Range: A visitor from the North, reported on migration or in winter 
from the northern plateau (Chiang Rai, Chiang Mai). 

Zosterops palpebrosa siamensis Blyth 

Zosterops siamensis Blyth, Ibis, new ser., vol. 3, No. 9, January 
1867, p. 34 (Tenasserim Division, Lower Burma). Yellow- 
bellied variety! 
Zosterops mesoxantha Salvadori, Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. Gen- 
ova, ser. 2, vol. 7, Aug. 6, 1889, p. 396 ("Taho" [about lat. 
19°28' N., long. 96°48' E.], Karenni State, Burma). Gray- 
bellied variety! 
Zosterops palpebrosa vidua Riley, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 
vol. 42, No. 15, May 3, 1929, p. 162 (Doi Suthep [lat. 18°50' N., 
long. 98°55' E.], bhiang Mai Province, Thailand). Gray- 
bellied variety! 
Range: Reported from mountains of the northern plateau, on the 
West southward to Tak. 

Zosterops palpebrosa williamsoni Robinson and Boden Kloss 

Zosterops palpebrosa williamsoni Robinson and Boden Kloss, 
Journ. Nat. Hist. Soc. Siam, vol. 3, No. 4, Dec. 31, 1919, p. 445 
("Meklong"=Samut Songkhram [lat. 13°25' N., long. 100°00' 
E.], Samut Songkhram Province, Thailand). 
Range: Reported from localities along the eastern coast from Bang- 
kok to Pattani. 

Zosterops palpebrosa auriventer Hume 

[Zosterops] auriventer Hume, in Hume and Davison, Stray Feath- 
ers, vol. 6, Nos. 1-6, June 1878, p. 519 (Tavoy, Tavoy District, 
Tenasserim Division, Lower Burma). 



I 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 215 

Range: Reported only from localities along the western coast (Phan- 
gnga, Trang). 

Zosterops everetti wetniorei Deignan 

Zosfcrops atricapilla wetmorei Deignan, Zoologica, vol. 28, pt. 4, 
Dec. 31, 1943, p. 202 C'Chong" [lat. 7°30' N., long. 99°47' E.], 
Trang Province, Thailand). 
Range: Mountains and submontane districts of the peninsular prov- 
inces from Prachuap Khu'i Khan south to Trang. 

Zosterops everetti tahanensis Ogilvie-Grant 

Zosterops tahanensis Ogilvie-Grant, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, vol. 
19, No. 127, Oct. 29, 1906, p. 10 (Gunong Tahan [lat. 4°38' N., 
long. 102''14' E.], Pahang State, Malaya). 
Range: Mountains and submontane districts of the southernmost 
peninsular provinces (Pattani). 

Family PLOCEIDAE 
Genus PASSER Brisson 

Passer montanus malaccensis A. Dubois 

[Passer montanus] var. Malaccensis A. Dubois, Faune illustr^e 

des vertebres de la Belgique, ser. des oiseaux, vol. 1, 1887, pp. 

572 [nonrien nudum!], 573 (Malacca). 

Range: Reported from inhabited lowland districts of the northern 

plateau, the central plains, and the peninsular provinces south of the 

Isthmus of Kj-a (Phuket, Pattani, Yala, Narathiwat). 

Passer flaveolus Blyth 

P[asser]. flaveolus B\yih, Journ. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, vol. 13, pt. 2, 
No. 156, [not earlier than] 1845, p. 946 (Arakan Division, Burma). 
Range: The northern and eastern plateaus, the southeastern prov- 
inces, the central plains, and the western and peninsular provinces 
south to the Isthmus of Kra. 

Genus PLOCEUS Cuvier 

Ploceus philippinus passeriiius Reichenow 

P[loceus]. passerinus Hodgson, in J. E. Gray, Zoological Miscel- 
lany, No. 3, 1844, p. 84 ([Nepal]). Nomen nudum! 
Ploceus passerinus "Hodgs." Reichenow, Zoologische Jahrbiicher, 
band 1, 1886, p. 156 (Nepal, ex Hodgson). 
Range: Reported only from the lowlands of the northern plateau. 



546-019—6.3 15 



216 U.S. NATIONAL ]VfUSEUM BULLETIN 226 

Ploceus philippinus angelorum Deignan 

Ploceus jihilippinus angelorum Deignan, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash- 
ington, vol. 69, No. 36, Dec. 31, 1956, p. 211 (Bangkok [lat. 
13°45' N., long. 100°30' E.], Pbra Nakhon Province, Thailand). 
Range: Reported only from the central plains. 

Ploceus philippinus infortunatus Hartert 

Ploceun pasfserinus infortunatus Hartert, Nov. Zool., vol. 9, No. 3, 
Dec. 16, 1902, p. 577 ("on the Sungei Lebeh," near Gunong 
Tahan, Pahang State, Malaya). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kra to the 
extreme South. 

Ploceus manyar williamsoni Hall 

Ploceus manyar williamsoni Hall, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, vol. 77, 
No. 3, Mar. 1, 1957, p. 46 (Ban Sam Khok [lat. 14*'05' N., 
long. 100''30' E.], Pathum Thani Province, Thailand). 
Range: The Mae Khong drainage of the northern plateau (Chiang 
Rai) and the southern portion of the central plains. 

Ploceus hypoxanthus hymenaicus (Deignan) 

Ploceella hypoxantha hymenaica Deignan, Auk, vol. 64, No. 2, 
Apr. 14, 1947, p. 305 (Nong Boraphet [lat. 15°43' N., long. 
100°14' E.J, Nakhon Sawan Province, Thailand). 
Range: Reported only from the southern portion of the central plains. 

Genus ESTRILDA Swainson 

Estrilda amandava amaudava (Linnaeus) 

[Fringilla] Amandava Linnaeus, Systema naturae, ed. 10, torn, 1, 

1758, p. 180 ("in India orientali"; ty^pe locality restricted to 

Calcutta, Bengal State, India, by Stuart Baker, Journ. Bombay 

Nat. Hist. Soc, vol. 27, 1921, p. 725). 

Range: Once reported from the western portion of the northern 

plateau (Chiang Mai). 

Estrilda amandava decouxi (Delacour and Jabouille) 

Amandava amandava decouxi Delacour and Jabouille, Bull. Brit. 
Orn. Club, vol. 48, No. 325, July 10, 1928, p. 134 (Siem Reap 
[lat. 13°22' N., long. 103°51' E.], Siem Reap Province, Cam- 
bodia, and Saigon, Cochin-China). 
Range: Occurring locally on the central plains (Nakhon Sawan, 
Pathum Thani). 

Genus ERYTHRURA Swainson 

Erythrura prasina prasina (Sparrman) 

Loxia prasina Sparrman, Museum carlsonianum, fasc. 3, 1788, 
pis. 72, 73 (Java). 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 217 

Range: The northwestern portion of the eastern plateau (Loei) and 
the peninsular provinces at the Isthmus of Kra (Ranong). 

Genus PADDA Reichenbach 

Padda oryzivora (Linnaeus) 

[Loxia] oryzivora Linnaeus, Systema naturae, ed. 10, torn. 1, 
1758, p. 173 ("Asia & Ethiopia"; type locahty restricted to 
Java, by Hartert, Nov. Zool., vol. 9, 1902, p. 439). 
Range: Introduced from Malaysia onto the central plains 
(Bangkok). 

Genus LONCHURA Sykes 

Lonchura striata acuticauda (Hodgson) 

M[unia]. Acuticauda Hodgson, Asiatic Researches, vol. 19, pt. 1, 
1836, p. 153 (Nepal). 
Range: The northern and eastern plateaus, the central plains, and 
the western and peninsular provinces south to Prachuap Khiri Khan. 

Lonchura striata subsquaniicollis (Stuart Baker) 

Uroloncha striata suhsquamicollis Stuart Baker, BuU. Brit. Orn. 

Club, vol. 45, No. 293, Jan. 31, 1925, p. 59 (Bankasun, Mergui 

District, Tenasserim Division, Burma). 

Uroloncha acuticauda lepidota Oberholser, Journ. Washington 

Acad. Sci., vol. 16, No. 19, Nov. 18, 1926, p. 520 (Ban Tha 

Chin [lat. 7°34' N., long. 99°34' E.], Trang Province, Thailand). 

Range: The southeastern provinces (Chanthaburi, Chon Buri) and 

the peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kra to the extreme 

South. 

Lonchura leucogastra leucogastra (Blyth) 

A[madina]. leucogastra Blyth, Journ. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, vol. 15, 
No. 172, [not earher than December] 1846, p. 286, footnote 
(Malacca). 
Range: The peninsular provinces from the Isthmus of Kra to the 
extreme South. 

Lonchura punctulata topela (Swinhoe) 

Munia topela Swinhoe, Ibis, vol. 5, No. 20, October 1863, p. 380 
("In China . . . from Canton to Shanghai, and in For- 
mosa . . ."; type locality [inferentially] restricted to Amoy, 
Fukien Province, by Bowdler Sharpe, Catalogue of the birds 
in the British Museum, vol. 13, 1890, p. 352). 
Range: The northern plateau (Chiang Rai, Phayao, Chiang Mai), 
the southeastern provinces (Chon Buri), the central plains, and the 
peninsular provinces south to Prachuap Khiri Khan. 

546-019—63 16 



218 U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 226 

Lonchura malacca deignani Parkes 

Lonchura malacca deignani Parkes, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus., vol. 

108, No. 3402, Oct. 21, 1958, p. 290 (Muang Chiang Eai [lat. 

19°55' N., long. 99°50' E.], Chiang Rai Province, Thailand). 

Range: The northern plateau (Chiang Rai, Lamphun), the central 

plains, and the peninsular provinces south to Prachuap Khiri Khan. 

Lonchura malacca sinensis (Blyth) 

Munia sinensis "(Edwards, pi. 43)" Blyth, Catalogue of the 
birds in the Museum Asiatic Society, [not earlier than Sept. 1,] 
1852, p. 337 (Penang Island, Malaya). 
Range: The southern peninsular provinces from Trang and Phat- 
thalung to the extreme South. 

Lonchura maja (Linnaeus) 

\Loxia] Maja Linnaeus, Systema naturae, ed. 12, tom. 1, 1766, 
p. 301 {"in India orientali"; type locality restricted to Malacca, 
ex Edwards) . 
Range: The southern peninsular provinces from Trang and Phattha- 
lung to the extreme South. 

Family FRINGILLIDAE 
Genus MYCEROBAS Cabanis 

Mycerobas melanozanthos fratris-regis Deignan 

Mycerobas melanozanthos fratris-regis Deignan, Auk, vol. 60, 
No. 4, Oct. 7, 1943, p. 608 (Doi Suthep [lat. 18°50' N., long. 
98°55' E.], Chiang Mai Province, Thailand). 
Range: Mountains of the western portion of the northern plateau 
(Chiang Mai). 

Genus CARPODACUS Kaup 

Carpodacus erythrinus erythrinus (Pallas) 

Loxia erythrina Pallas, Novi Comm. Acad. Sci. Imp. Petropoli- 
tanae, vol. 14, pt. 1, 1770, p. 587, pi. 23, fig. 1 ("ad Volgam 
et Samaram"; type locality restricted to "Wolga, als erst- 
genannter Fundort," by Hartert, Die Vogel der palaarktischen 
Fauna, band 1, hft. 1, November 1903, p. 106, and further 
restricted to Kuibyshev [lat. 53°12' N., long. 19°47' E.], Kuiby- 
shev Oblast, Russian SFSR, by Deignan, U.S. Nat. Mus. Bull. 
186, 1945, p. 567). 
Range: A visitor from northern Asia, reported on migration or in 

winter from the western portion of the northern plateau (Chiang Mai) . 



THE BIRDS OF THAILAND 219 

Carpodacus erythrinus roseatus (Blyth) 

Pyrrhula roseata "Tickell" Blyth, Journ. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, 

vol. 11, pt. 1, No. 125, May 1842, p. 461 (Calcutta, Bengal 

State, India). 

Range: A visitor from the North, reported on migration or in winter 

from the northern plateau (Chiang Rai, Chaiya Prakan, Chiang 

Mai, Nan) and the northwestern portion of the eastern plateau 

(Phetchabun) . 

Genus EMBERIZA Linnaeus 

Emberiza fucata fucata Pallas 

Emberiza fucata Pallas, Reise durch verschiedene Provinzen des 
russischen Reichs, vol. 3, 1776, pp. 237, 698 ("ad Ononem et 
Ingodam . . . ," Chita Province, Russian SFSR). 
Range: A visitor from northeastern Asia, reported on migration 
or in winter from the northern plateau (Chiang Rai, Nan) . 

Emberiza aureola ornata Shulpin 

Emberiza aureola ornata Shulpin, Annuaire du Musee Zoologique 

[Acad. Sci. URSS], tome 28, livr. 3, 1928, p. 401 ("Miindung 

des Suifun, Umgebung des Dorfes Tawritschanka," Maritime 

Territory, Russian SFSR). 

Range: A visitor from northeastern Asia, reported on migration 

or in winter from the northern and eastern plateaus, the central plains, 

and the western and peninsular provinces south to Pattani. 

Emberiza rutila Pallas 

Emberiza rutila Pallas, Reise durch verschiedene Provinzen des 
russischen Reichs, vol. 3, 1776, pp. 210, 698 (". . . ad Ononem, 
versusque Mongoliae fines," Chita Province, Russian SFSR). 
Range: A visitor from northeastern Asia, reported on migration or 
in winter from the northern plateau, the northwestern portion of the 
eastern plateau (Loei, Phetchabun), and the southwestern and penin- 
sular provinces from Kanchanaburi to Prachuap Khiri Khan. 

Emberiza pusilla Pallas 

Emberiza pusilla Pallas, Reise durch verschiedene Provinzen des 

russischen Reichs, vol. 3, 1776, p. 697 (Buryat-Mongol ASSR, 

Russian SFSR). 

Range: A visitor from northeastern Asia, reported on migration 

or in winter from mountains of the northern plateau (Chiang Mai, 

Nan)^and from the eastern plateau (Nong Khai). 



220 U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 226 

Genus MELOPIIUS Swainson 

Melophus lathami (J. E. Gray) 

Emheriza Lathami J. E. Gray, Zoological Miscellany, No. 1, 

1831, p. 2 ("China and India"; type specimen from Canton, 

Kwangtung Province, China, fide Ticehurst, Bull. Brit. Orn. 

Club, vol. 53, 1932, p. 16). 

Range: A visitor from the North, reported on migration or in 

winter from the northern plateau (Chiang Rai, Phayao, Chiang M ai 

Uttaradit) . 



Index 



aagaardi, Bubo ketupu, 62 

Ketupa ketupu, 62 
abbotti, Butorides javanicus, 6 

Butorides striatus, 6 

Dendrophassa vernans, 48 

Malacocincla, 138 

Trichastoma abbotti, 138 
abnormis, Picumnus, 84 

Sasia abnormis, 84 
Abrornis armandii, 172 

chloronotus, 173 

maculipennis, 173 

sakaiorum, 171 

superciliaris, 171 
Abroscopus albogularis hugonis, 171 

superciliaris bambusarum, 171 

superciliaris drasticus, 170 

superciliaris sakaiorum, 171 

superciliaris superciliaris, 171 
Acanthiza trochiloides, 174 
Acanthopneuste davisoni, 175 

trochiloides claudiae, 174 

trochiloides disturbans, 175 
Acanthylis leucopygialis, 68 
Accipiter aflfinis, 17 

badius poliopsis, 16 

gentilis khamensis, 16 

nisus nisosimilis, 16 

soloensis, 16 

trivirgatus indicus, 16 

virgatus afEnis, 17 

virgatus gularis, 17 
Aceros nipalensis, 77 
Acridotheres grandis, 202 

leucocephalus, 202 

siamensis, 202 

torquatus, 202 
Acrocephalus arundinaceus orientalis, 
176 

bistrigiceps, 176 

concinens cincinens, 176 

stentoreus brunnescens, 176 
acrum, Pellorneum ruficeps, 136 
Actinodura ramsayi, 154 

ramsayi ramsayi, 154 
Actitis hypoleucos, 38 



actophilus, Butorides javanicus, 6 

Butorides striatus, 6 
acuta, Anas, 11 
acuticauda, Lonchura striata, 217 

Munia, 217 

Sterna, 45 
adjuncta, Stachyris ambigua, 143 

Stachyris rufifrons, 143 
aedon, Muscicapa, 175 

Phragamaticola, 175 
Aegialitis jerdoni, 34 
Aegithina lafresnayei lafresnayei, 110 

philipi, 109 

tiphia cambodiana, 110 
Aegithina tipliia horizoptera, 110 

tiphia philipi, 109 

viridissima viridissima, 109 
aeneus, Dicrurus, 125 

Dicrurus aeneus, 125 
aeralatus, Pteruthius, 152 

Pteruthius flaviscapis, 152 
aestigma, Muscicapa, 187 

Muscicapa superciliaris, 187 
Aethopyga anomala, 207 

cara, 207 

gouldiae dabryii, 206 

mystacalis temminckii, 208 

nipalensis angkanensis, 206 

nipalensis australis, 206 

saturata anomala, 207 

saturata galenae, 207 

saturata petersi, 207 

siparaja cara, 207 

siparaja mangini, 207 

siparaja seheriae, 207 

siparaja siparaja, 208 

siparaja trangensis, 208 
affine, Malacopteron affine, 139 

Trichastoma, 139 
afRnis, Accipiter, 17 

Accipiter virgatus, 17 

Coracias, 75 

Coracias benghalensis, 75 

Monticola solitarius, 165 

Oreocincla horsfieldi, 169 

Petrocincla, 165 

Zoothera dauma, 169 

221 



222 



U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 226 



agricola, Columba, 51 

Streptopelia orientalis, 51 
Agrobates brunnescens, 176 
Alauda arvensis herberti, 99 

gulgula herberti, 99 
albicilla, Muscicapa, 185 

Muscicapa parva, 185 
albirictus, Bhuchanga, 123 

Dicrurus adsimilis, 123 
albiventer, Rallus, 29 

Rallus striatus, 29 
albogularis, Pomatorhinus, 140 

Pomatorhinus ferruginosus, 140 
alboides, Motacilla, 195 

Motacilla alba, 195 
alboniger, Nisaetus, 18 

Spizaetus, 18 
Alcedo atthis bengalensis, 71 

bengalensis, 71 

coromanda, 73 

erithaca, 72 

euryzonia peninsulae, 72 

guttata, 71 

guttatus, 71 

laubmanni, 71 

meninting laubmanni, 71 

meninting verreauxii, 71 

nigricans, 72 

pileata, 73 

verreauxii, 71 
alcinus, Macheiramphus, 14 

Macheiramphus alcinus, 14 
Alcippe brunneicauda brunneicauda, 156 

castaneceps castaneceps, 156 

castaneceps extil, 156 

fratercula, 157 

haringtoniae, 157 

magnirostris, 139 

morrisonia fraterculus, 157 

nipalensis eremita, 157 

peracensis eremita, 157 

poioicephala alearis, 157 

poioicephala davisoni, 157 

poioicephala haringtoniae, 157 

poioicephala karenni, 157 

rufogularis khmerensis, 157 

rufogularis major, 156 
alearis, Alcippe poioicephala, 157 
alexandrinus, Charadrius, 34 

Charadrius alexandrinus, 34 
alius, Pomatorius ochracciceps, 141 
Allotrius intermedins, 153 
Alseonax siamensis, 184 



Alsocomus, subg., 50 
amabilis, Carcineutes, 73 
Lacedo pulchella, 73 
Amadina leucogastra, 217 
amandava, Estrilda amandava, 216 

Fringilla, 216 
amauroptera, Pelargopsis, 72 

Porzana, 30 

Rallina eurizonoides, 30 
Amaurornis phoenicurus chinensis, 31 
ambiguus. Par us major, 132 
amictus, Merops, 75 

Nyctyornis, 75 
Ampeliceps coronatus, 203 
amurensis, Ardea virescens, 5 

Butorides striatus, 5 
anaethetus. Sterna, 45 

Sterna anaethetus, 45 
Anaimos maculatus oblitus, 211 
anak, Cyornis, 189 
Anas acuta, 11 

baeri, 12 

clypeata, 12 

coromandelianus, 13 

crecca, 11 

crecca crecca, 11 

ferina, 12 

ferruginea, 11 

fuligula, 13 

javanica, 11 

nyroca, 12 

penelope, 12 

poecilorhyncha haringtoni, 12 

querquedula, 12 

scutulata, 13 
Anastomus oscitans, 9 
andrewsi, Fregata, 4 
angarensis, Budytes flava, 196 

Motacilla flava, 196 
angelorum, Ploceus philippinus, 216 
angkanensis, Aethopyga nipalensis, 206 
Anhinga melanogaster, 4 
annamensis, Crocopus, 49 

Dendrocopos hyperythrus, 91 

Dryobates hyperythrus, 91 

Harpactes erythrocephalus, 70 

Picus chlorolophus, 88 

Pyrotrogon erythrocephalus, 70 

Treron phoenicoptera, 49 
annectans, Bhuchanga, 124 
annectens, Dicrurus, 125 

Tephrodornis pelvica, 104 

Tephrodornis virgatus, 104 



INDEX 



223 



anomala, Aethopyga, 207 

Aethopyga saturata, 207 
Anorhinus austeni, 77 
Anorrhinus galeritus carinatus, 77 
Anous stolidus pileatus, 46 
antelia, Arachnothera longirostris, 209 
Anthipes submoniliger, 186 
Anthocincla phayrei, 99 
Anthracoceros albirostris leucogaster, 
78 

convexus, 79 

malayanus, 78 
Anthreptes flavigaster, 209 

hypogrammica lisettae, 205 

malacensis malacensis, 204 

modesta, 210 

nuchalis, 205 

rhodolaema, 204 

rhodolaema rhodolaema, 204 

simplex, 203 

singalensis assamensis, 204 

singalensis internota, 204 

singalensis internotus, 204 

singalensis interposita, 205 

singalensis koratensis, 204 

singalensis stellae, 204 
Anthus cervinus, 198 

hodgsoni, 197 

hodgsoni hodgsoni, 197 

hodgsoni yunnanensis, 197 

maculatus yunnanensis, 197 

malayensis, 198 

novae-seelandiae malayensis, 198 

novae-seelandiae richardi, 197 

novae-seelandiae rufulus, 197 

novae-seelandiae sinensis, 197 

richardi, 197 

rufulus, 197 
Antigone, subg., 29 

antioxantha, Culicicapa ceylonensis, 191 
aphobus, Serilophus lunatus, 96 
apicauda, Treron, 46 

Treron apicauda, 46 
Aplonis panayensis strigatus, 200 
Apus affinis subfurcatus, 68 

pacificus cooki, 68 

pacificus pacificus, 68 
Aquila clanga, 18 

rapax vindhiana, 18 

vindhiana, 18 
Arachnechthra intermedia, 206 
Arachnocestra crassirostris, 209 



Arachnothera affinis caena, 210 

affinis modesta, 210 

chrysogenys chrysogenys, 209 

chrysogenys intensiflava, 209 

crassirostris, 209 

flavigaster, 209 

longirostra cinireicollis, 209 

longirostra pallida, 208 

longirostra sordida, 208 

longirostris antelia, 209 

longirostris longirostris, 208 

longirostris pallida, 208 

longirostris sordida, 208 

magna musarum, 210 

magna pagodarum, 210 

robusta, 209 

robusta robusta, 209 
Arboricola brunneopectus, 24 

tickelli, 23 
Arborophila brunneopectus brunneo- 
pectus, 24 

cambodiana, 24 

charltonii charltonii, 24 

charltonii chloropus, 24 

charltonii peninsularis, 24 

chloropus peninsularis, 24 

rufogularis tickelli, 23 
archipelagicus, Indicator, 83 
archon, Picus flavinucha, 87 
Ardea ciconia, 9 

cinerea rectirostris, 5 

cinnamomea, 8 

dubia, 10 

episcopus, 10 

flavicollis, 8 

garzetta, 7 

melanolopha, 8 

modesta, 7 

nigra, 9 

nycticorax, 7 

oscitans, 9 

purpurea manilensis, 5 

rectirostris, 5 

sacra, 7 

sinensis, 8 

speciosa, 6 

stellaris, 9 

sumatrana, 5 

virescens amurensis, 5 
Ardeola ralloides bacchus, 6 

ralloides speciosa, 6 

speciosa continentalis, 6 
ardescens, Corydon sumatranus, 94 



224 



U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 226 



ardesiaca, Lophocitta, 129 

ardesiacus, Platylophus garericulatus, 

129 
Ardetta eurhythma, 8 
Areoturnix blakistoni, 28 
argus, Argusianus argus, 27 

Phasianus, 27 
Argusianus argus argus, 27 
armandii, Abrornis, 172 

Phylloscopus armandii, 172 
armstrongi. Halcyon, 74 

Halcyon chloris, 74 
Artamus fuscus, 198 
Arundinax canturians, 181 
asema, Siphia strophiata, 185 
asiatica, Mycteria, 10 
asiaticus, Caprimulgus, 66 

Caprimulgus asiaticus, 66 

Xenorhynchus, 10 
Asio flammeus flammeus, 64 
assamensis, Anthreptes singalensis, 204 

Chalcoparia singalensis, 204 
assimilis, Crypsirina occipitalis, 131 

Dendrocitta, 131 

Macropygia, 50 

Macropygia ruficeps, 50 

Psarisomus, 96 

Psarisomus dalhousiae, 96 

Stachyris chrysaea, 144 
assmilis, Strachyrhis, 144 
Astur gularis, 17 

indicus, 16 

palumbarius khamensis, 16 
Athene brama mayri, 63 

cuculoides brugeli, 62 

florensis, 63 
athertoni, Merops, 75 

Nyctyornis athertoni, 75 
atra, Fulica, 32 

Fulica atra, 32 
atrata, Rhipidura, 192 

Rhipidura albicollis, 192 
atratus, Dendrocopos, 92 

Picas, 92 
atriceps, Pycnonotus atriceps, 113 
atrocaudata, Muscipeta, 193 

Terpsiphone atrocaudata, 193 
atrogularis, Hemipodius, 28 

Orthotomus, 178 

Orthotomus atrogularis, 178 

Turnix suscitator, 28 

atronuchalis, Lobivanellus, 33 

Vanellus indicus, 33 



aurantia, Sterna, 44 
aurantiaca. Pitta cyanea, 98 
aurata, Stachyris chrysaea, 144 
auratus, Pycnonotus dispar, 113 

Pycnonotus melanicterus, 113 
auritus, Batrachostomus, 64 

Dendrocopos canicapillus, 93 

Tripsurus, 93 
auriventer, Zosterops, 214 

Zosterops palpebrosa, 214 
austeni, Anorhinus, 77 

Ptilolaemus, 77 
australis, Aethopyga nipalensis, 206 
australorientis, Muscicapa westermani, 

186 
avensis, Campephaga, 105 

Coracina melaschista, 105 
Aviceda jerdoni jerdoni, 14 

leuphotes leuphotes, 14 

leuphotes syama, 14 
Aythya baeri, 12 

ferina, 12 

fuligula, 13 

nyroca, 12 

bacchus, Ardeola ralloides, 6 

Buphus, 6 
badia, Hirundo daurica, 102 

Strix, 60 
badius, Cecropis, 102 

Phodilus badius, 60 
baeri. Anas, 12 

Aythya, 12 
baicalensis, Motacilla, 195 

Motacilla alba, 195 
bakeri, Cuculus canorus, 55 

Garrulax moniliger, 148 

Porzana pusilla, 30 

Trochalopteron phoeniceum, 148 

Turdinus macrodactylus, 141 
bambusarum, Abroscopus superciliarum 

171 
Bambusicola fytchii, 25 

fytchii fytchii, 25 
bangsi. Sterna dougallii, 44 
barussarum, Surniculus lugubris, 57 
Batrachostomus auritus, 64 

hodgsoni indochinae, 64 

javensis continentalis, 65 

stellatus, 64 
Baza syama, 14 
beavani, Prinia, 179 

Prinia rufescens, 179 



INDEX 



225 



belangeri, Garrulax, 150 

Garrulax leucolophus, 150 
bengalensis, Alcedo, 71 

Alcedo atthis, 71 

Centropus toulou, 59 

Cuculus, 59 

Gyps, 20 

Vultur, 20 
benghalensis, Rallus, 32 

Rostratula benghalensis, 32 
Berenicornis comatus, 77 
Bhringa remifer latispatiila, 125 

remifer lefoli, 125 

remifer peracensis, 125 

tectirostris, 125 
Bhuchanga albirictus, 123 

annectans, 125 
bicalcaratum, Polyplectron bicalca- 

ratum, 27 
bicalcaratus, Pavo, 27 
bicincta, Treron bicincta, 48 

Vinago, 48 
bicolor, Brachypteryx, 137 

Columba, 49 

Ducula, 49 

Trichastoma, 137 
bicornis, Buceros, 79 

Buceros bicornis, 79 
bimaculatus, Caprimulgus, 65 

Caprimulgus macrurus, 65 
bistrigiceps, Acrocephalus, 176 
blakistoni, Areoturnix, 28 

Turnix suscitator, 28 
blanfordi, Drymoeca, 180 

Prinia subflava, 180 
blanfordii, Turnix, 28 

Turnix tanki, 28 
Blythipicus pyrrhotis intermedius, 93 

pyrrhotis pyrrhotis, 93 

rubiginosus rubiginosus, 93 
bondi, Dicrurus, 124 

Dicrurus leucophaeus, 124 
borealis, Phyllopneuste, 173 

PhyUoscopus borealis, 173 
Botaurus stellaris stellaris, 9 
bourdellei, Hemixus flavala, 121 

Hypsipetes flavala, 121 
Brachylophus chlorolophoides, 88 

puniceus continentis, 88 
Brachypodius criniger, 119 



Brachypteryx bicolor, 137 
carolinae, 160 
leucophrys carolinae, 160 
leucophrys wrayi, 160 
malaccensis, 137 
montana cruralis, 160 
nigrocapitata, 136 
wrayi, 160 
Brachypus eutilotus, 116 
Brachyurus mulleri, 98 
Bradypterus luteoventris idoneus, 182 
luteoventris ticehursti, 182 
thoracicus shanensis, 182 
thoracicus thoracicus, 182 
brasiliana, Certhia, 205 

Nectarinia sperata, 205 
brevicaudata, Nepothera brevicaudata, 

142 
brevicaudatus, Turdinus, 142 
brevipes, Heteroscelus incanus, 38 

Totanus, 38 
brevirostris, Dicrurus hottentottus, 126 

Trichometopus, 126 
brodiei, Glaucidium brodiei, 62 

Noctua, 62 
briigeli, Athene cuculoides, 62 
Glaucidium cuculoides, 62 
brunneicauda, Alcippe brunneicauda, 
156 
Hyloterpe, 156 
brunneopectus, Arboricola, 24 

Arborophila brunneopectus, 24 
brunnescens, Acrocephalus stentoreus, 
176 
Agrobates, 176 
brunneus, Pycnonotus, 117 

Pycnonotus brunneus, 117 
brunnicephalus, Larus, 43 
Bubo coromandus klossii, 61 
ketupu aagaardi, 62 
nipalensis, 61 
nipalensis nipalensis, 61 
sumatranus sumatranus, 61 
Bubulcus ibis coromandus, 6 
Bucco cyanotis, 82 
faiostricta, 80 
henricii, 82 
indicus, 83 
mystacophanos, 81 
virens, 80 



226 



U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 226 



Buceros bicornis, 79 

bicornis bicornis, 79 

bicornis homrai, 79 

carinatus, 77 

comatus, 77 

convexus, 79 

corrugatus, 78 

homrai, 79 

leucogaster, 78 

malayanus, 78 

nipalensis, 77 

rhinoceros, 79 

rhinoceros rhinoceros, 79 

subruficollis, 78 

tickelli, 77 

undulatus, 78 

vigil, 79 
Buchanga leucogenis, 124 

mouhoti, 124 
Budytes flava angarensis, 196 

flavus macronyx, 196 

taivana, 196 
Buphus bacchus, 6 
Burhinus oedicnemus indicus, 42 
burmanica, Leucocerca, 192 

Ninox, 63 

Ninox scutulata, 63 

Pelargopsis, 72 

Pelargopsis capensis, 72 

Rhipidura aureola, 192 

Saxicola cap rata, 164 
burmanicus, Buteo, 17 

Buteo burmanicus, 17 

Criniger, 118 

Criniger f^aveolus, 118 

Microhierax caerulescens, 21 

Spilornis cheela, 20 
burmannicus, Calophasis, 27 

Syrmaticus humiae, 27 
Butastur indicus, 17 

liven ter, 17 
Buteo burmanicus, 17 

burmanicus burmanicus, 17 
Butorides javanicus abbotti, 6 

javanicus actophilus, 6 

striatus abbotti, 6 

striatus actophilus, 6 

striatus amurensis, 5 

cabanisi, Cringer, 119 

cacabata, Muscicapa sibirica, 183 



Cacomantis merulinus querulus, 55 

meruhnus threnodes, 56 

querulus, 55 

sonneratii malyanus, 55 

sonneratii sonneratii, 55 

threnodes, 56 

variolosus sepulcralis, 56 
caecilii, Pycnonotus dispar, 114 

Pycnonotus melanicterus, 114 
caena, Arachnothera afBnis, 210 
caerulea, Gracula, 166 

Myiothera, 97 

Pitta caerulea, 97 
caeruleus, Myophonus caeruleus, 166 
caesia, Monacha, 191 
caesium, Philentoma velatum, 191 
Cairina scutulata, 13 
Calamoherpe concinens, 176 
calcicola, Napothera crispifrons, 141 
calcostetha, Nectarinia, 205 

Nectarinia calcostetha, 205 
Calidris canutus canutus, 40 

ferruginea, 41 

ruficoUis, 40 

subminuta, 41 

temminckii, 40 

tenuirostris, 40 
calliope, Erithacus calliope, 160 
Calliope cruralis, 160 

tschebaiewi, 160 
Callolophus mineatus perlutus, 89 
calochrysea, Culicicapa ceylonensis, 191 
Caloenas nicobarica nicobarica, 52 
Caloperdix oculea oculea, 25 
Calophasis burmannicus, 27 
Caloptomena viridis, 97 
Calorhamphus fuUginosus detersus, 83 
calvus, Torgos, 19 

Vultur, 19 
Calyptomena viridis continentis, 97 

viridis viridis, 97 
cambodiana, Aegithina tiphia, 110 

Arborophila, 24 
cambodianum, Dicaeum beccarii, 213 

Dicaeum ignipectus, 213 
cambodianus, Criniger gutturalis, 118 

Criniger ochraceus, 118 
Campephaga avensis, 105 
Carapophaga polioptera, 105 
cana, Heterophasia picaoides, 158 

Sibia picaoides, 158 
Cancroma coromanda, 6 



1 



INDEX 



227 



canente, Hemicircus, 93 

Picus, 93 
canesccns, Ixos, 121 
canescens, Erpornis xantholeuca, 155 

Hypsipetes mcclellandii, 121 

Yuhina zantholeuca, 155 
canicapillus, Dendrocopos canicapillus, 
92 

Picus, 92 
cantonensis, Pericrocotus, 107 

Pericrocotus roseus, 107 
canturians, Arundinax, 181 
canturiens, Cettia canturiens, 181 
canutus, Calidris canutus, 40 

Tringa, 40 
Capella gallinago gallinago, 39 

megala, 39 

nemoricola, 39 

stenura, 39 
capitalis, Hemipus picatus, 103 

Muscicapa, 103 
Capito lineatus, 80 
Caprimulgus affinis monticolus, 66 

asiaticus, 66 

asiaticus asiaticus, 66 

bimaculatus, 65 

indicus hazarae, 65 

indicus jotaka, 65 

jotaka, 65 

macrurus bimaculatus, 65 

monticolus, 66 
cara, Aethopyga, 207 

Aethopyga siparaja, 207 
Carcineutes amabilis, 73 
carinatus, Anorrhinus galeritus, 77 

Buceros, 77 
carolinae, Brachypteryx, 160 

Brachypteryx leucophrys, 160 
Carpococcyx renauldi, 58 
Carpodacus erythrinus erythrinus, 218 

erythrinus roseatus, 219 
cashmeriensis, Chelidon, 102 

Delichon dasypus, 102 
caspia, Hydroprogne, 44 

Sterna, 44 
castaneceps, Alcippe castaneceps, 156 

Minla, 156 
castanicauda, Minla strigula, 154 

Siva, 154 
cathoecus, Dicrurus, 123 

Dicrurus adsimilis, 123 



Ceblepyris culminatus, 106 

striga, 106 

sumatrensis, 106 
Cecropis badius, 102 
celadinus, Miilleripicus pulverulentus, 91 
celatus, Pomatorhinus erythrogenys, 

140 
celsa, Rhipidura albicoUis, 192 
Centrococcyx intermedius, 59 
Centropus eurycercus, 59 

javanensis, 59 

sinensis eurycercus, 59 

sinensis intermedius, 59 

toulou bengalensis, 59 

toulou chamnongi, 59 

toulou javanensis, 59 
Cerasophila thompsoni, 123 
Certhia brasiliana, 205 

discolor fuliginosa, 134 

discolor shanensis, 134 

fuliginosa, 134 

lepida, 204 

longirostra, 208 

malacensis, 204 

siparaja, 208 
cervina, Motacilla, 198 
cerviniceps, Eurostopodus macrotis, 65 

Lyncornis, 65 
cervinus, Anthus, 198 
Ceryle guttulata, 71 

leucomelanura, 71 

lugubris guttulata, 71 

rudis leucomelanura, 71 
Cettia canturiens canturiens, 181 

pallidipes laurentei, 181 

squameiceps, 181 
Ceyx erithacus erithacus, 72 

rufidorsa, 72 

rufidorsus rufidorsus, 72 
Chaetura cochinchinensis, 67 

cochinchinensis cochinchinensis, 67 

gigantea gigantea, 67 

gigantea indica, 67 

indica, 67 

leucopygialis, 68 
Chaimarrornis leucocephalus leucoceph- 

alus, 165 
Chaitaris grandis, 187 
Chalcoparia singalensis assamensis, 204 

singalensis interposita, 205 

singalensis koratensis, 204 

singalensis lepida, 204 
Chalcophaps indica indica, 52 



228 



U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 226 



chamnongi, Centropus toulou, 59 
changensis, Myophonus temminckii, 167 
Charadrius alexandrinus, 34 

alexandrinus alexandrinus, 34 

alexandrinus nihonensis, 34 

curonicus, 34 

dominicus fulvus, 33 

dubius curonicus, 34 

dubius jerdoni, 34 

duvaucelii, 33 

fulvus, 33 

hiraantopus, 42 

leschenaultii, 35 

mongolus schaferi, 35 

peronii, 34 

placidus, 33 

squatarola, 33 
charltonii, Arborophila charltonii, 24 

Perdix, 24 
chaseni, Treron curvirostra, 47 
Chelidon cashmeriensis, 102 

dasypus, 102 
chersonesites, Cyornis rubeculoides, 189 
Chersonesophila, Mixornis gularis, 147 
chersonesophilus, Macronous gularis, 

147 
chersonesus, Cyanops asiatica, 82 

Megalaima asiatica, 82 
Chimarrornis fuliginosa tenuirostris, 163 
chinensis, Amaurornis phoenicurus, 31 

Cissa chinensis, 129 

Coracias, 129 

Coturnix chinensis, 23 

Eudynamys scolopacea, 57 

FuHca, 31 

Hirundo, 100 

lynx torquilla, 83 

Jynx torquilla, 83 

Riparia paludicola, 100 

Tetrao, 23 
chirurgus, Hydrophasianus, 32 

Tringa, 32 
Chlidonias hybridus javanicus, 43 

leucopterus, 43 
chlorocephala, Chloropsis cochinchinen- 

sis, 111 
chlorocephalus, Phyllornis, 111 
chlorolophoides, Brachylophus, 88 

Picus chlorolophus, 88 
chloronotus, Abrornis, 173 

Phylloscopus proregulus, 173 
chlorophaeus, Cuculus, 58 

Phaenicophaeus chlorophaeus, 58 



Chloropsis aurifrons incompta, 111 

aurifrons inornata, 111 

aurifrons inornatus, 111 

aurifrons pridii, HI 

cochinchinensis chlorocephala, 111 

cochinchinensis cochinchinensis, 112 

cochinchinensis kinneari. 111 

cochinchinensis moluccensis, 112 

cochinchinensis seri-thai, 112 

cyanopogon cyanopogon, 110 

cyanopogon septentrionalis, 110 

hardwickii, 112 

hardwickii hardwickii, 112 

moluccensis, 112 

sonnerati zosterops, 111 

zosterops, 111 
chloropus, Arborophila charltonii, 24 

Tropicoperdix, 24 
Chotorhea chrysopogon laetus, 80 

rafflesii malayensis, 81 
chrysochlore, Dicaeum, 211 

Dicaeum chrysorrheum, 211 
Chrysococcyx limborgi, 56 

maculatus, 56 

malayanus malayanus, 56 

xanthorhynchus limborgi, 56 
Chrysocolaptes lucidus guttacristatus, 
94 

lucidus indo-malayicus, 94 

validus xanthopygius, 94 

xanthopygius, 94 
chrysogenys, Ajachnothera chrysogenus, 
209 

Nectarinia, 209 
Chrysomma sinense sinense, 148 
Chrysophlegma fiavinucha lylei, 88 

humii, 88 

subg., 87 
chrysops, Stachyris, 144 

Stachyris clirysaea, 144 
chrysorrheum, Diceum, 212 

Dicaeum chrysorrheum, 212 
chthonium, Pellorneum ruficeps, 135 
ciconia, Ardea, 9 

Ciconia ciconia, 9 
Ciconia ciconia ciconia, 9 

episcopus episcopus, 10 

javanica, 10 

nigra, 9 
Cinclus pallasii dorjei, 135 



INDEX 



229 



cinerea, Fulica, 31 

Gallicrex cinerea, 31 

lole, 122 

Muscitrea, 194 

Pachycephala cinerea, 194 

Porzana cinerea, 30 

Scolopax, 38 
cinereiceps, Polihierax insignis, 22 
cinereo-alba, Muscicapa latirostris, 183 
cinereum, Malacopteron cinereum, 139 
cinereus, Hypsipetes flavala, 122 

Malacopteron, 139 

Pluvianus, 33 

Porphyrio, 30 

Vanellus, 33 

Xenus, 38 
cinireicoUis, Arachnothera longirostra, 209 

Cinnyris, 209 
cinnamomea, Ardea, 8 
cinnamomeoventris, Hypsipetes pro- 
pinquus, 120 

loIe virescens, 120 
cinnamomeum, Pellorueum albiventre, 

136 
cinnamomeus, Drymocataphus, 136 

Ixobrychus, 8 
Cinnyris cinireicoUis, 209 
Circaetus gallicus gallicus, 20 
Circus aeruginosus spilonotus, 20 

melanoleucos, 20 

spilonotus, 20 
Cissa chinensis chinensis, 129 

erythrorhyncha magnirostris, 130 

hypoleuca, 129 

thalassina hypoleuca, 129 
Cisticola exilis equicaudata, 181 

juncidis malaya, 181 
citreola, Motacilla, 196 

Motacilla citreola, 196 
Clamator coromandus, 53 
clanga, Aquila, 18 
claudiae, Acanthopneuste trocliiloides, 174 

Phylloscopus reguloides, 174 
Clivicola riparia ijimae, 100 
clypeata, Anas, 12 
cochinchinensis, Chaetura, 67 

Chaetura cochinchinensis, 67 

Chloropsis cochinchinensis. 111 
Cochoa purpurea, 164 

viridis, 164 
coerulifrons, Cyornis magnirostris, 190 

Muscicapa banyumas, 190 
cognata, Corythocichla, 142 



coUinsi, Seicercus castaniceps, 170 
CoUocalia brevirostris innominata, 67 

brevirostris rogersi, 67 

germani, 67 

inexpectata germani, 67 

innominata, 66 

lowi robinsoni, 66 

maxima, 66 

maxima maxima, 66 
Collurio tephronotus, 199 
coUurioides, Lanius, 199 

Lanius coUurioides, 199 
Columba agricola, 51 

bicolor, 49 

fulvicoUis, 47 

humilis, 51 

indica, 52 

intermedia, 50 

jambu, 49 

livia intermedia, 50 

nicobarica, 52 

olax, 47 

pulchricoUis, 50 

punicea, 50 

puniceus, 50 

striata, 51 

sylvatica, 49 

tigrina, 51 

tusalia, 50 
Colymbus nigricans poggei, 3 
comata, Hemiprocne comata, 69 
comatus, Berenicornis, 77 

Buceros, 77 

Cypselus, 69 
concinens, Acrocephalus concinens, 176 

Calamoherpe, 176 
concolor, Hirundo, 100 

Hypsipetes, 122 

Hypsipetes madagascariensis, 122 
concreta, Muscicapa, 188 

Muscicapa concreta, 188 
concretus, Cuculus, 54 

Cuculus micropterus, 54 
condorensis, Otus bakkamoena, 61 
confusus, Lanius cristatus, 198 
connectens, Gecinus vittatus, 85 

Macronous gularis, 147 

Picus vittatus, 85 
connecteus, Mixornis rubricapilla, 147 
conradi, Criniger, 117 

Pycnonotus blanfordi, 117 
continentalis, Ardeola speciosa, 6 

Batrachostomus javensis, 64 



230 



U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 226 



continentis, Brachylophus puniceus, 88 

Calyptomena viridis, 97 

Picus puniceus, 88 
convexus, Anthracoceros, 79 

Buceros, 79 
cooki, Apus pacificus, 68 

Cypselus pacificus, 68 

Prinia polychroa, 180 

Suya crinigera, 180 
Copsychus malabaricus indicus, 162 

malabaricus interpositus, 162 

malabaricus pellogynus, 162 

saularis erimelas, 161 

saularis musicus, 162 

saularis saularis, 161 
Coracias affinis, 75 

affinis theresiae, 75 

benghalensis affinis, 75 

chinensis, 129 

pueUa, 128 

sumatranus, 95 

xanthornus, 127 
Coracina fimbriata culminata, 106 

fimbriata neglecta, 105 

melaschista avensis, 105 

melaschista intermedia, 105 

melaschista melaschista, 105 

melaschista saturata, 105 

novaehoUandiae siamensis, 106 

polioptera indochinensis, 104 

poUoptera polioptera, 105 

striata sumatrensis, 106 
coromanda, Alcedo, 73 

Cancroma, 6 

Halcyon coromanda, 73 
coromandelianus, Anas, 13 

Nettapus coromandelianus, 13 
coromandus, Bubulcus ibis, 6 

Clamator, 53 

Cuculus, 53 
coronata, Ficedula, 174 

Hemiprocne longipennis, 69 

Hirundo, 69 
coronatus, Ampeliceps, 203 

Orthotomus, 178 

Orthotomus cuculatus, 178 
corrugatus, Buceros, 78 

Rhyticeros leucocephalus, 78 
Corvus hottentottus, 126 

insolens, 131 

levaillantii, 131 

macrorhynchos, 132 

macrorhynchos levaillantii, 131 



Corvus — Continued 

macrorhynchos macrorhynchos, 132 

splendens insolens, 131 
Corydalla sinensis, 197 
Corydon sumatranus ardescens, 94 

sumatranus laoensis, 94 

sumatranus morator, 94 

sumatranus sumatranus, 95 
Corythocichla brevicaudata cognata, 
142 

brevicaudata herberti, 142 

griseigularis, 142 

leucosticta, 142 
Coturnix chinensis chinensis, 23 

coturnix japonica, 23 

spadicea, 26 

vulgaris japonica, 23 
crassirostris, Arachnocestra, 209 

Arachnothera, 209 

Myiophoneus, 167 

Myophonus caeruleus, 167 
crawfurdii, Lophura leucomelana, 25 

Phasianus, 25 
crecca, Anas, 11 

Anas crecca, 11 
criniger, Brachypodius, 119 

Hypsipetes criniger, 119 
Criniger bres tephrogenys, 119 

burmanicus, 118 

cabanisi, 119 

conradi, 117 

flaveolus burmanicus, 118 

gutturalis cambodianus, 118 

henrici, 118 

lonnbergi, 120 

ochraceus, 118 

ochraceus cambodianus, 118 

ochraceus crinitus, 118 

ochraceus ochraceus, 118 

ochraceus sordidus, 119 

pallidus henrici, 118 

pallidus isani, 118 

phaeocephalus phaeocephalus, 119 

propinquus, 120 

salangae, 119 

sordidus, 119 
crinigera, Suya, 180 
crinitus, Criniger ochraceus, 118 
crispifrons, Napothera crispifrons, 141 

Turdinus, 141 
cristata. Sterna, 45 

Sterna bergii, 45 



INDEX 



231 



cristatus, Lanius, 198 

Lanius cristatus, 198 
Crocopus annamensis, 49 
cruralis, Brachypteryx montana, 160 

Calliope, 160 
Crypsirina occipitalis assimilis, 131 

occipitalis himalayana, 130 

temia, 131 

vagabunda kinneari, 130 

vagabunda sakeratensis, 130 

vagabunda saturatior, 130 

varians longipennis, 131 
crypta, lole olivacea, 121 
Cryptolopha burkii distincta, 170 

ricketti, 175 

youngi, 170 
cryptus, Hypsipetes charlottae, 121 

Pericrocotus ethologus, 108 
cucuUata, Pitta, 98 

Pitta sordida, 98 
Cuculus bengalensis, 59 

canorus bakeri, 55 

chlorophaeus, 58 

concretus, 54 

coromandus, 53 

fugax, 54 

fugax fugax, 54 

fugax nisicolor, 54 

malayanus, 56 

micropterus, 54 

micropterus concretus, 54 

micropterus micropterus, 54 

nisicolor, 54 

paradiseus, 126 

passerinus, 56 

poliocephalus, 55 

poliocephalus poliocephalus, 55 

saturatus, 55 

saturatus saturatus, 55 

sepulcralis, 56 

sonneratii, 55 

sparverioides, 54 

sparverioides sparverioides, 54 

sumatranus, 57 

tenuirostris, 56 

vagans, 54 

varius, 54 
Culicicapa ceylonensis antioxantha, 191 

ceylonensis calochrysea, 191 

ceylonensis meridionalis, 191 
Culicipeta poliogenys, 170 

tephrocephalus, 170 
culminata, Coracina fimbriata, 106 



culminatus, Ceblepyris, 106 
cumatilis, Cyanoptila, 187 

Muscicapa cyanomelana, 187 
curonicus, Charadrius, 34 

Charadrius dubius, 34 
Cutia nipalensis melanchima, 152 
cyane, Erithacus cyane, 161 

Motacilla, 161 
cyanea, Pitta, 98 

Pitta cyanea, 98 
cyanicauda, Psarisomus dalhousiae, 96 
cyanicollis, Eurystomus, 76 

Eurystomus orientalis, 76 
cyaniventris, Pycnonotus, 114 

Pycnonotus cyaniventris, 114 
Cyanoderma erythropterum sordida, 

146 
cyanopogon, Chloropsis cyanopogon, 110 

Phyllornis, 110 
Cyanops asiatica chersonesus, 82 

australis invisa, 82 

davisoni laurentii, 81 

franklini trangensis, 81 

incognita euroa, 82 
Cyanoptila cumatilis, 187 
cyanotis, Bucco, 82 

Megalaima australis, 82 
cyanurus, Psittacus, 53 

psittinus cyanurus, 53 
Cymbirhynchus macrorhynchos mal- 
accensis, 95 

macrorhynchos siamensis, 95 
Cymborhynchus malaccensis, 95 
Cyornis anak, 189 

banyumas deignani, 190 

dialilaema, 189 

magnirostris, 190 

magnirostris coerulifrons, 190 

olivacea, 182 

rubeculoides chersonesites, 189 

rubeculoides klossi, 189 

rufigastra Indochina, 190 

tickelliae glaucicomans, 189 

unicolor, 189 

unicolor harterti, 189 

unicolor infuscata, 189 

whitei, 190 
Cypselus comatus, 69 

giganteus, 67 

infumatus, 68 

pacificus cooki, 68 

subfurcatus, 68 
Cypsiurus parvus infumatus, 68 



232 



U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 22 6 



dabryii, Aethopyga gouldiae, 206 

Nectarinia, 206 
Dacelo pulchella, 73 
dasypus, Chelidon, 102 

Delichon dasypus, 102 
dauma, Tardus, 168 

Zoothera dauma, 168 
daurica, Hirundo, 101 

Hirundo daurica, 101 
davisoni, Acanthopneuste, 175 

Alcippe poioicephala, 157 

Geronticus, 10 

Hemixus, 122 

Hypsipetes flavala, 122 

Megalaima, 81 

Megalaima asiatica, 81 

Napothera epilepidota, 142 

Phylloscopus davisoni, 175 

Pseudibis papillosa, 10 

Stachyris, 144 

Stachyris nigriceps, 144 

Turdinulus, 142 
decipiens, Muscicapa grandis, 188 

Niltava, 188 
decouxi, Estrilda amandava, 216 
deignani, Cyornis banyumas, 190 

Eurystomus orientalis, 75 

Glaucidium cuculoides, 62 

Lacedo pulchella, 73 

Lonchura malacca, 218 

Mixornis gularis, 147 

Muscicapa banyumas, 190 
delacouri, Dendrocopos canicapillus, 92 

Dryobates hardwickii, 92 

Prinia flaviventris, 180 

Sitta europaea, 133 
Delichon dasypus cashmeriensis, 102 

dasypus dasypus, 102 

urbica lagopoda, 102 
Dendrocitta assimihs, 131 

himalaj'^ana, 130 

rufa kinneari, 130 

rufa sakeratensis, 130 

sinensis, 130 

vagabunda saturatior, 130 
Dendrocopos analis longipennis, 92 

atratus, 92 

canicapillus auritus, 93 

canicapillus canicapillus, 92 

canicapillus delacouri, 92 

canicapillus pumilus, 92 

cathpharius tenebrosus, 91 



Dendrocopos — Continued 

hyperythrus annamensis, 91 

hyperythrus hyperythrus, 91 

macei longipennis, 92 

mahrattensis, 92 

sordidus, 93 
Dendrocygna javanica, 11 
Dendronanthus indicus, 196 
Dendrophassa vernans abbotti, 48 
denotata, Muscicapa sundara, 188 

Niltava sundara, 188 
detersus, Calorhamphus fuliginosus, 83 
dialilaema, Cyornis, 189 

Muscicapa rubeculoides, 189 
diardi, Euplocomus, 26 

Garrulax leucolophus, 149 

Lophura, 26 

Melias, 57 

Phaenicophaeus diardi, 57 
Dicaeum agile modestum, 211 

agile pallescens, 211 

agile separabile, 211 

beccarii cambodianum, 213 

chrysochlore, 211 

chrysorrheum chrysochlore, 211 

chrysorrheum chrysorrheum, 212 

concolor olivaceum, 212 

cruentatum ignitum, 213 

cruentatum siamense, 212 

ignicapilla, 211 

ignipectus cambodianum, 213 

ignipectus dolichorhynchum, 213 

ignipectus ignipectus, 213 

melanozanthum, 212 

olivaceum, 212 

trigonostigma rubropygium, 212 

trigonostigma trigonostigma, 212 
Diceum chrysorrheum, 212 
dicrorhynchus, Myophonus, 167 

Myophonus caeruleus, 167 
dicruroides, Pseudornis, 57 

Surniculus lugubris, 57 
Dicrurus adsimilis albirictus, 123 

adsimilis cathoecus, 123 

adsimilis thai, 123 

aeneus, 125 

aeneus aeneus, 125 

annectens, 125 

bondi, 124 

cathoecus, 123 

hottentottus brevirostris, 126 

hottentottus hottentottus, 126 

leucogenys salangensis, 124 



INDEX 



233 



Dicrurus — 'Continued 

leucophaeus bondi, 124 

leucophaeus hopwoodi, 124 

leucophaeus leucogenis, 124 

leucophaeus mouhoti, 124 

leucophaeus nigrescens, 125 

leucophaeus salangensis, 124 

macrocercus thai, 123 

nigrescens, 125 

paradiseus malabaricus, 126 

paradiseus paradiseus, 126 

paradiseus rangoonensis, 126 

remifer lefoli, 125 

remifer peracensis, 125 

remifer tectirostris, 125 
dictator, Timalia pileata, 148 
diffieilis, Pomatorhinus sehisticeps, 139 
diffusus, Oriolus, 127 

Oriohis chinensis, 127 
Digenea leucops, 185 

malayana, 186 
Dinopium javanense intermedium, 89 

javanense javanense, 89 

rafflesii peninsulare, 89 
dipora, Stachyris nigriceps, 144 
Dissemurus paradiseus hypoballus, 127 
dissimilis, Turdus, 169 

Turdus dissimilis, 169 
distans, Otus scops, 60 

Otus senegalensis, 60 
distincta, Cryptolopha burkii, 170 
distinctus, Seicercus burkii, 170 
disturbans, Acanthopneuste trochiloides, 
175 

Phylloscopus davisoni, 175 
divaricatus, Lanius, 106 

Pericrocotus divaricatus, 106 
dixoni, Geocichla, 168 

Zoothera, 168 
dolichorhynclium, Dicaeum ignipectus, 

213 
dorjei, Cinclus pallasii, 135 
drasticus, Abroscopus superciharis, 170 
Drymocataphus cinnamomeus, 136 

fulvus, 137 
Drymoeca blanfordi, 180 
Dryobates cathpharius tenebrosus, 91 

hardwickii delacouri, 92 

hyperytlirus annamensis, 91 
Dryocopus javensis feddeni, 91 

javensis javensis, 91 
Dryonastes propinquus, 151 
dubia, Ardea, 10 

546-019—63 17 



dubius, Leptoptilos, 10 
Ducula aenea sylvatica, 49 

badia griseicapilla, 49 

badia obscurata, 49 

bicolor, 49 

griseicapilla, 49 
Dumeticola thoracica, 182 
Dupetor flavicollis flavicoUis, 8 
duvaucelii, Charadrius, 33 

Harpactes, 70 

Trogon, 70 

Vanellus, 33 

Edela ruficeps, 178 
Edolius rangoonensis, 126 
edwardsi, Porphyrio, 31 
Egretta alba modesta, 7 

eulophotes, 7 

garzetta garzetta, 7 

intermedia palleuca, 7 

sacra sacra, 7 
eisenhoferi, Picus vittatus, 85 
Elanus caeruleus vociferus, 13 
elbeli, Megalaima incognita, 82 

Pellorneum ruficeps, 135 

Pycnonotus melanicterus, 114 
elegans, Pericrocotus flammeus, 109 

Phaenicornis, 109 
Emberiza aureola ornata, 219 

fucata, 219 

fucata fucata, 219 

lathami, 220 

pusilla, 219 

rutila, 219 
emeria, Motacilla, 115 

Pycnonotus jocosus, 115 
Enicurus frontalis, 164 

immaculatus, 163 

leschenaulti frontalis, 164 

leschenaulti indicus, 163 

rufficapillus, 163 

schistaceus, 163 

subg., 163 
eous, Pycnonotus finlaysoni, 116 
Ephialtes sagittatus, 60 
episcopus, Ardea, 10 

Ciconia episcopus, 10 
equicaudata, Cisticola exilis, 181 
eremita, Alcippe nipalensis, 157 

Alcippe peracensis, 157 
erimelas, Copsychus saularis, 161 
erithaca, Alcedo, 72 
erithacus, Ceyx erithacus, 72 



234 



U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN" 226 



Erithacus calliope calliope, 160 

cyane cyane, 161 

pectoralis tschebaiewi, 160 

svecicus svecicus, 161 
Erpornis xantholeuca canescens, 155 

zantholeuca, 155 
erro, Prinia hodgsonii, 179 
erythrina, Loxia, 218 
erythrinus, Carpodacus erythrinus, 218 
erythrocephalus, Harpactes erythro- 
cephalus, 70 

Trogon, 70 
Erythromyias muelleri, 186 
erythropleura, Prinia atrogularis, 180 

Suya, 180 

Zosterops, 213 
erythropleurus, Zosterops, 213 
erythroptera, Stachyris erythroptera, 
146 

Timalia, 146 
erythropthalmos, Ixos, 117 

Pycnonotus erythropthalmos, 117 
erythropus, Scolopax, 36 

Tringa, 36 
er3rthropygius, Gecinus, 87 

Picus erythropygius, 87 
Erythrura prasina prasina, 216 
Esacus magnirostris magnirostris, 42 

magnirostris recurvirostris, 42 
Estrilda amandava amandava, 216 

amandava decouxi, 216 
ethologus, Pericrocotus brevirostris, 108 

Pericrocotus ethologus, 108 
Eudynamis malayana, 57 
Eudynamys scolopacea chinensis, 57 

scolopacea malayana, 57 
eugenei, Myiophoneus, 166 

M3rophonus caeruleus, 166 
eulophotes, Egretta, 7 

Herodias, 7 
Eupetes macrocerus, 158 

macrocercus griseiventris, 159 

macrocerus macrocerus, 158 
Euplocomus diardi, 26 
eurhina, Tringa totanus, 36 
eurhythma, Ardetta, 8 
eurhythmus, Ixobrychus, 8 
euroa, Cyanops incognita, 82 

Megalaima incognita, 82 
Eurostopodus macrotis cerviniceps, 65 
euroum, Pellorneum ruficeps, 136 
eurous, Picus vittatus, 85 



eurycercus, Centropus, 59 

Centropus sinensis, 59 
Eurylaimus javanicus friedmanni, 95 

javanicus pallidus, 95 

lunatus, 96 

ochromalus, 95 

ochromalus ochromalus, 95 
Eurystomus cyanicollis, 76 

orientalis cyanicollis, 76 

orientalis, deignani, 76 
eutilotus, Brachypus, 116 

Pycnonotus, 116 
extrema, Prinia rufescens, 179 
exul, Alcippe castaneceps, 156 

faiostricta, Bucco, 80 

Megalaima faiostricta, 80 
falcinellus, Limicola falcinellus, 41 

Scolopax, 41 
Falco gallicus, 20 

haliaetus, 21 

harmandi, 22 

ichthyaetus, 19 

indicus, 17 

indus, 15 

interstinctus, 22 

japonensis, 22 

leucogaster, 19 

leuphotes, 14 

limnaeetus, 17 

li venter, 17 

malayensis, 19 

melanoleucos, 20 

nisosimilis 16 

peregrinus japonensis, 22 

severus, 22 

severus severus, 22 

soloensis, 16 

tinnunculus, 22 

tinnunculus interstinctus, 22 

tinnunculus tinnunculus, 22 

vociferus, 13 
fasciata, Psittacula alexandri, 52 

Rallina, 29 
fasciatus, Psittacus, 52 

Rallus, 29 
fastidiosus, Pomatorhinus schisticeps, 140 
feae, Paradoxornis nipalensis, 159 

Suthora, 159 
feddeni, Dryocopus javensis, 91 

Mulleri picus, 91 
ferina, Anas, 12 

Aythya, 12 



INDEX 



235 



ferrarius, Garrulax, 150 

Garrulax strepitans, 150 
ferrea, Saxicola, 165 
ferrugeiceps, Merops, 75 

Merops orientalis, 75 
ferruginea, Anas, 11 

Calidris, 41 

Tadorna, 11 
ferrugineus, Tringa, 41 
Ficedula coronata, 174 
filifera, Hirundo, 101 

Hirundo smithii, 101 
finlaysoni, Pycnonotus, 116 

Pycnonotus finlaysoni, 116 
finschii, Palaeornis, 53 

Psittacula, 53 
flammaxillaris, Nectarinia, 206 

Nectarinia jugularis, 206 
flammea, Strix, 64 
flammeus, Asio flammeus, 64 
flammifer, Pericrocotus, 109 

Pericrocotus flammeus, 109 
flaveolus, Passer, 215 
flavicollis, Ardea, 8 

Dupetor flavicollis, 8 
flavigaster, Anthreptes, 209 

Arachnothera, 209 
flavinucha, Picus, 87 

Picus flavinucha, 87 
flavo-cristata, Melanochlora sultanea, 133 
flavo-cristatus, Parus, 133 
florensis, Athene, 63 

Ninox scutulata, 63 
floweri, Spilornis cheela, 21 

Sturnopastor, 201 

Sturnus contra, 201 
formosus, Hieraaetus kieneri, 18 

Hieraaetus kienerii, 18 
Francolinus pintadeanus phayrei, 23 
fratercula, Alcippe, 157 
fraterculus, Alcippe morrisonia, 157 
fratris-regis, Mycerobas melanozanthos, 

218 
Fregata andrewsi, 4 

minor minor, 4 
fretensis, Tephrodornis pelvica, 104 

Tephrodornis virgatus, 104 
friedmanni, Eurylaimus javanicus, 95 
Fringilla amandava, 216 
frontalis, Enicurus, 164 

Enicurus leschenaulti, 164 

Sitta, 134 

Sitta frontalis, 134 



fucata, Emberiza, 219 

Emberiza fucata, 219 
fugax, Cuculus, 54 

Cuculus fugax, 54 
Fulica atra, 32 

atra atra, 32 

chinensis, 31 

cinerea, 31 
fuliginosa, Certhia, 134 

Certhia discolor, 134 
fuligula, Anas, 13 

Ay thy a, 13 
Fuligula, subg., 12 
fulvicoUis, Columba, 47 

Treron fulvicoUis, 47 
fulvum, Trichastoma tickelli, 137 
fulvus, Charadrius, 33 

Charadrius dominicus, 33 

Drymocataphus, 137 
fuscata, Garrulax moniliger, 149 

Phillopneuste, 172 
fuscatus, Garrulax monilegerus, 149 

Phylloscopus fuscatus, 172 
fuscicoUis, Phalacrocorax, 4 
fuscus, Artamus, 198 
fytchii, Bambusicola, 25 

Bambusicola fytchii, 25 

galbana, Leiothrix argentauris, 152 

Mesia argentauris, 152 
galenae, Aethopyga saturata, 207 
galerita, Hypothymis azurea, 193 

Monarcha azurea, 193 
galgulus, Loriculus, 53 

Psittacus, 53 
Gallicrex cinerea cinerea, 31 

cinerea plumbea, 31 
gallicus, Circaetus gallicus, 20 

Falco, 20 
gallinago, Capella gallinago, 39 

Scolopax, 39 
Gallinago megala, 39 

nemoricola, 39 
Gallinula chloropus indica, 31 

chloropus indicus, 31 

plumbea, 31 

poliocephala, 31 
gallus, Gallus gallus, 26 

Phasianus, 26 
Gallus gallus gallus, 26 

gallus spadiceus, 26 



236 



U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 226 



Gampsorhynchus rufulus torquatus, 153 

torquatus, 153 
Garrulax belangeri, 150 

chinensis lochmius, 150 

chinensis propinquus, 151 

erythrocephalus mclanostigma, 151 

erythroccphalus peninsulae, 151 

erythrocephalus schistaceus, 151 

erythrocephalus subconnectens, 151 

ferrarius, 150 

leucogaster, 149 

leucolophus belangeri, 150 

leucolophus diardi, 149 

leucolophus peninsulae, 150 

leucolophus peninsularis, 150 

lochmius, 150 

melanostigma, 151 

merulinus laoensis, 151 

mihiei sharpei, 152 

monilegerus fuscatus, 149 

monilegerus mouhoti, 149 

monilegerus schauenseei, 149 

monilegerus stuarti, 148 

moniliger bakeri, 148 

moniliger fuscata, 149 

moniliger schauenseei, 149 

moniliger stuarti, 148 

mouhoti, 149 

pectoralis meridionalis, 149 

pectoralis subfusa, 149 

pectoralis subfusus, 149 

strepitans, 150 

strepitans ferrarius, 150 

strepitans strepitans, 150 
Garrulus glandarius leucotis, 129 

leucotis, 129 
garzetta, Ardea, 7 

Egretta, garzetta, 7 
Gauropicoides rafflesi peninsularis, 89 
Gecinulus grantia robinsoni, 90 

grantia viridis, 89 

viridis, 89 

viridis robinsoni, 90 
Gecinus canus microrhynchus, 86 

erythropygius, 87 

nigrigenis, 87 

vittatus connectens, 85 

weberi, 86 
Gelochclidon nilotica nilotica, 44 
Gennaeus jonesi, 26 

lewisi, 26 
Geocichla dixoni, 168 

innotota, 167 



Geokichla citrina gibson-hilli, 168 
Geopelia striata striata, 51 
gerraani, Collocalia, 67 

Collocalia inexpectata, 67 

Ixus, 116 

Pj^cnonotus aurigaster, 116 
Geronticus davisoni, 10 
Gerygone fusca sulphurea, 171 

griseus, 171 

sulphurea, 171 
gibson-hilli, Geokichla citrina, 168 

Zoothera citrina, 168 
gigantea, Chaetura gigantea, 67 

Ibis, 11 
giganteus, Cypselus, 67 
gigantica, Pseudibis, 11 
glareola, Tringa, 37 
Glareola lactea, 43 

maldivarum, 42 
glaucicomans, Cyornis tickelliae, 189 

Muscicapa rubeculoides, 189 
Glaucidium brodiei brodiei, 62 

cuculoides brugeli, 62 

cuculoides deignani, 62 

cuculoides rufescens, 62 
Glaucomyias thalassoides, 184 
Glaucopis leucopterus, 131 
Goisakius melanolophus melanolophus, 8 
govinda, Milvus, 15 

Milvus migrans, 15 
Gracula caerulea, 166 

intermedins, 203 

nigricollis, 201 

religiosa, 203 

religiosa intermedia, 203 

religiosa religiosa, 203 

saularis, 161 

sturnina, 201 
Graminicola bengalensis striata, 177 

striata, 177 
grammithorax, Meiglyptes tristis, 90 

Phaiopicus, 90 
grandis, Acridotheres, 202 

Chaitaris, 187 

Muscicapa grandis, 187 

Sturnus javanicus, 202 
granti, Napothera epilepidota, 142 

Turdinulus, 142 
Graucalus macei siamensis, 106 
griseicapilla, Ducula, 49 

Ducula badia, 49 

Treron, 48 

Treron vernans, 48 



INDEX 



237 



griseigularis, Corythocichla, 142 

Napothera brevicaudata, 142 
griseiventris, Eupetes macrocereus, 159 
griseus, Gerygone, 171 
Grus antigone sharpii, 29 

sharpii, 29 
gularis, Accipiter virgatus, 17 

Astur, 17 

Monticola, 165 

Nisus, 17 

Oroecetes, 165 
gurneyi, Pernis ptilorhyncus, 15 

Pitta, 99 
guttacristatus, Chrysocolaptes lucidus, 94 

Picus, 94 
guttata, Alcedo, 71 

Stachyris striolata, 145 
guttaticollis, Paradoxornis, 159 
guttatus, Alcedo, 71 

Turdinus, 145 
guttifer, Totanus, 37 

Tringa, 37 
guttulata, Ceryle, 71 

Ceryle lugubris, 71 
gutturalis, Hirundo, 101 

Hirundo rustica, 101 
gyldenstolpei, Picus canus, 86 
Gyps bengalensis, 20 

indicus tenuirostris, 20 

tenuirostris, 20 

hainana, Muscicapa, 188 
Halcyon armstrongi, 74 

chloris armstrongi, 74 

chloris humii, 74 

concreta peristephes, 74 

coromanda coromanda, 73 

humii, 74 

perpulchra, 73 

pileata, 73 

smyrnensis perpulchra, 73 
Haliaeetus leucogaster, 19 
haliaetus, Falco, 21 

Pandion haliaetus, 21 
Haliaetus lineatus, 15 
Haliastur indus Indus, 15 

indus intermedius, 16 

intermedius, 16 
halictypus, Lamprocorax panayensis, 200 
hardwickii, Chloropsis, 112 

Chloropsis hardwickii, 112 
haringtoni. Anas poecilorhyncha, 12 

Polionetta, 12 
Haringtonia perniger sinensis, 122 



haringtoniae, Alcippe, 157 

Alcippe poioicephala, 157 
harmandi, Falco, 22 

Polihierax insignis, 22 
Harpactes diardii sumatranus, 69 

duvaucelii, 70 

erythrocephalus annamensis, 70 

erythrocephalus erythrocephalus, 70 

erythrocephalus klossi, 70 

kasumba kasumba, 69 

oreskios stellae, 70 

oreskios uniformis, 70 
harterti, Cyornis unicolor, 189 

Hemiprocne longipennis, 69 

Microura pusilla, 143 

MuUeripicus pulverulentus, 90 

Muscicapa unicolor, 189 

Pnoepyga pusilla, 143 
hasbroucki, Sasia ochracea, 84 
hazarae, Caprimulgus indicus, 65 
heddeni, MuUeripicus, 91 
helenae, Stachyris striolata, 145 
Heliopais personata, 32 
Hemichelidon rufilata, 184 

sibirica rothschildi, 183 
Hemicircus canente, 93 

concretus sordidus, 93 

rubiginosus, 93 
Hemipodius atrogularis, 28 
Hemiprocne comata comata, 69 

longipennis coronata, 69 

longipennis harterti, 69 
Hemipus hirundinaceus, 103 

intermedius, 103 

picatus capitalis, 103 

picatus intermedius, 103 

picatus picatus, 103 
Hemixus davisoni, 122 

flavala bourdellei, 121 

hildebrandi, 122 
henrici, Criniger, 118 

Criniger pallidus, 118 
henricii, Bucco, 82 

Megalaima henricii, 82 
herberti, Alauda arvensis, 99 

Alauda gulgula, 99 

Corythocichla brevicaudata, 142 

Prinia inornata, 180 

Prinia subflava, 180 
Herodias eulophotes, 7 
Herpornis tyrannulus, 155 

xantholeuca interposita, 156 

xantholeuca sordida, 155 



238 



U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 226 



hesperius, Orthotomus sericeus, 178 
hessei, Picus canus, 86 
Heterophasia annectens mixta, 158 

annectens saturata, 158 

melanoleuca melanoleuca, 158 

picaoides cana, 158 
Heteroscelus incanus brevipes, 38 
Heteroxenicus nangka, 160 
Hieraaetus kieneri formosus, 18 

kienerii formosus, 18 
Hierax horsfieldii, 21 
hildebrandi, Hemixus, 122 

Hypsipetes flavala, 122 
himalayana, Crypsirina occipitalis, 130 

Dendrocitta, 130 
himantopus, Charadrius, 42 

Himantopus himantopus, 42 
Himantopus himantopus himantopus, 42 
hirundinaceus, Hemipus, 103 

Muscicapa, 103 
Hirundo chinensis, 100 

concolor, 100 

coronata, 69 

daurica, 101 

daurica badia, 102 

daurica daurica, 101 

daurica mayri, 101 

daurica stanfordi, 102 

daurica vernayi, 102 

filifera, 101 

gutturalis, 101 

javanica, 100 

lagopoda, 102 

pacifica, 68 

rustica gutturalis, 101 

rustica mandschurica, 101 

rustica tytleri, 101 

smithii filifera, 101 

striolata mayri, 101 

striolata stanfordi, 102 

tahitica javanica, 100 

tytleri, 101 
hodgsoni, Anthus, 197 

Anthus hodgsoni, 197 

Megalaima zeylanica, 80 

Megalaimus, 80 

Muscicapella hodgsoni, 191 

Nemura, 191 
hodgsonii, Muscicapa, 186 

Siphia, 186 
homrai, Buceros, 79 

Biiceros bicornis, 79 
hopwoodi, Dicrurus leucophaeus, 124 



Horizillas rufifrons indochinensis, 138 
horizoptera, Aegithina tiphia, 110 
horsfieldii, Hierax, 21 

Microhierax, 21 
hottentottus, Corvus, 126 

Dicrurus hottentottus, 126 
hugonis, Abroscopus albogularis, 171 
humi. Halcyon chloris, 74 
humii, Chrysophlegma, 88 
Halcyon, 74 
Picus mentahs, 88 
humilis, Columba, 51 

Pomatorhinus schisticeps, 139 
Pomatorhinus schisticeps ripponi, 

139 
Strep topelia tranquebarica, 51 
Hydrocorax niger, 4 
Hydrophasianus chirurgue, 32 
Hydroprogne caspia, 44 
Hydrornis, subg., 97 
Hyloterpe brunneicauda, 156 
hymenaica, Ploceella hypoxantha, 216 
hymenaicus, Ploceus hypoxanthus, 216 
hyperythra, Muscicapa, 186 

Muscicapa hyperythra, 186 
hyperythrus, Dendrocopos hyperythrus, 
91 
Picus, 91 
hypoballus, Dissemurus paradiseus, 127 
Hypogramma hypogrammicum lisettae, 
205 
hypogrammicum nuchale, 205 
hypoleuca, Cissa, 129 

Cissa thalassina, 129 
hypoleucos, Actitis, 38 

Tringa, 38 
Hypothymis azurea galerita, 193 
azurea montana, 193 
azurea prophata, 193 
thalassina, 184 
hypoxantha, Rhipidura, 192 
Hypsipetes charlottae cryptus, 121 
concolor, 122 
criniger criniger, 119 
flavala bourdellei, 121 
flavala cinereus, 122 
flavala davisoni, 122 
flavala hildebrandi, 122 
madagascariensis concolor, 122 
madagascariensis leucothorax, 122 
madagascariensis sinensis, 122 
madagascariensis stresemanni, 122 
malaccensis, 121 



INDEX 



239 



Hypsipetes — Continued 

mcclellandii canescens, 121 
mcclellandii loquax, 121 
mcclellandii peracensis, 121 
mcclellandii tickelU, 121 
propinquus cinnamomeoventris, 120 
propinquus lekhakuni, 120 
propinquus propinquus, 120 
propinquus simulator, 120 
thompsoni, 123 
tickelli, 121 

viridescens myitkyinensis, 119 
viridescens viridescens, 120 

Ibis gigantea, 11 

leucocephala, 9 
ichthyaetus, Falco, 19 

Icthyophaga ichthyaetus, 19 
Icthyaetus nanus, 19 
Icthyophaga ichthyatus ichthyaetus, 
19 

nana nana, 19 
Ictinaetus malayensis, 19 
idonea, Tribura, 182 
idoneus, Bradypterus luteoventris, 182 
igneus, Pericrocotus, 108 

Pericrocotus cinnamomeus, 108 
ignicapilla, Dicaeum, 211 
ignicapillus, Prionochilus percussus, 

211 
ignipectus, Myzanthe, 213 
ignita, Nectarinia, 213 
ignitum, Dicaeum cruentatum, 213 
ijimae, Clivicola riparia, 100 

Riparia riparia, 100 
immaculatus, Enicurus, 163 
immaculatus, Motacilla, 163 
imperator, Pavo muticus, 27 
incei, Muscipeta, 194 

Terpsiphone paradisi, 194 
incognita, Sturnia, 202 
incompta, Chloropsis aurifrons, 111 
indica, Chaetura, 67 

Chaetura gigantea, 67 

Chalcophaps indica, 52 

Columba, 52 

GaUinula chloropus, 31 

Kittacincla macroura, 162 

Megalaima haemacephala, 83 

Motacilla, 196 

Parra, 32 
Indicator archipelagicus, 83 



indicus, Accipiter trivirgatus, 16 

Astur, 16 

Bucco, 83 

Burhinus oedicnemus, 42 

Butastxir, 17 

Copsychus malabaricus, 162 

Dendronanthus, 196 

Enicurus leschenaulti, 163 

Falco, 17 

GaUinula chloropus, 31 

Metopidius, 32 

Oedicnemus, 42 

RaUus, 29 

Rallus aquaticus, 29 
indistinctum, Pellorneum ruficeps, 135 
indochina, Cyornis rufigastra, 190 

Muscicapa tickelliae, 190 
indochinae, Batrachostomus hodgsoni, 

64 
indochinense, Malacopteron cinereum, 

138 
indochinensis, Coracina polioptera, 104 

Horizillas rufifrons, 138 

Lalage fimbriata, 104 

Tchitrea affinis, 194 

Terpsiphone paradisi, 194 
indo-malayicus, Chrysocolaptes lucidus, 

94 
indus, Falco, 15 

Haliastur indus, 15 
inexpectatus, Orthotomus sutorius, 177 
infortunatus, Ploceus passerinus, 216 

Ploceus philippinus, 216 
infumatus, Cypselus, 68 

Cypsiurus parvus, 68 
infuscata, Cyornis unicolor, 189 

Muscicapa, 189 
ingrami, Spizixos canifrons, 112 
innitens, Pycnonotus aurigaster, 116 
innominata, CoUocalia, 66 

Collocalia brevirostris, 67 
innotata lora, 110 

Zoothera citrina, 167 
innotota, Geocichla, 167 
inornata, Chloropsis aurifrons, 111 
inornatus, Chloropsis aurifrons, 111 

Phylloscopus inornatus, 173 

Regulus, 173 
insolens, Corvus, 131 

Corvus splendens, 131 
intensifiava, Arachnothera chrysogenys, 

209 
intensior, Phylloscopus davisoni, 175 



240 



U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 226 



intermedia, Arachnechthra, 206 

Columba, 50 

Columba livia, 50 

Coracina melaschista, 105 

Gracula religiosa, 203 

Nectarinia asiatica, 206 

Timalia pileata, 148 

Volvocivora, 105 
intermedium, Dinopium javanense, 89 
intermedius, Allotrius, 153 

Blythipicus pyrrhotis, 93 

Centrococcyx, 59 

Centropus sinensis, 59 

Gracula, 203 

Haliastur, 16 

Haliastur indus, 16 

Hemipus, 103 

Hemipus picatus, 103 

Picus, 89 

Pteruthius aenobarbus, 153 
internota, Anthreptes singalensis, 204 
internotus, Anthreptes singalensis, 204 
interposita, Anthreptes singalensis, 205 

Chalcoparia singalensis, 205 

Herpornis xaiatholeuca, 156 

Kittacincla malabarica, 162 

Yuhina zantholeuca, 156 
interpositus, Copsychus malabaricus, 162 
interpres, Tringa, 38 

Tardus, 167 

Zoothera interpres, 167 
interrumpens, Turnix suscitator, 28 
interstinctus, Faleo, 22 

Falco Tinnunculus, 22 
inveterata, Mixornis gularis, 147 
inveteratus, Macronous gularis, 147 
invisa, Cyanops australis, 82 
lole cinerea, 122 

olivacea crypta, 121 

tickelli peracensis, 121 

vireseens cinnamomeoventris, 120 

viridescens, 120 
lora innotata, 110 

lafresnayei, 110 
Irena malayensis, 128 

puella malayensis, 128 

puella puella, 128 

puella sikkimensis, 128 
isani, Criniger pallidus, 118 
Ixidia webberi, 114 
Ixobrychus cinnamomeus, 8 

eurhythmus, 8 

sinensis, 8 



Ixos canesccns, 121 

erythropthalmos, 117 

mcclellandii loquax, 121 

phaeocephalus, 119 
Ixulus striatus, 154 
Ixus germani, 116 
lyngipicus pumilus, 92 
lynx torquilla chinensis, 83 

jambu, Columba, 49 

Ptilinopus, 49 

Pycnonotus goiavier, 117 
japonensis, Falco, 22 

Falco peregrinus, 22 
japonica, Coturnix coturnix, 23 

Coturnix vulgaris, 23 
javanense, Dinopium javanense, 89 
javanensis, Centropus, 59 

Centropus toulou, 59 

Picus, 89 
javanica. Anas, 11 

Ciconia, 10 

Dendrocygna, 11 

Hirundo, 100 

Hirundo tahitica, 100 

Sterna, 43 
javanicus, Chlidonias hybridus, 43 

Leptoptilos, 10 

Merops, 74 

Merops philippinus, 74 
javensis, Dryocopus javensis, 91 

Picus, 91 
jerdoni, Aegialitis, 34 

Aviceda jerdoni, 14 

Charadrius dubius, 34 

Pernis, 14 

Timalia, 148 

Timalia pileata, 148 
joannae, Zosterops aureiventer, 214 

Zosterops palpebrosa, 214 
johnsoni, Pycnonotus melanicterus, 114 
jonesi, Gennaeus, 26 

Lophura nycthemera, 26 
Jora viridissima, 109 
jotaka, Caprimulgus, 65 

Caprimulgus, indicus, 65 
jugans, Tephrodornis gularis, 104 

Tephrodornis virgatus, 104 
jugularis, Meiglyptes, 90 

Picus, 90 
juneae, Psittacula roscata, 52 
Jynx torquilla chinensis, 83 

karenni, Alcippe poioicephala, 157 
kasumba, Harpactes kasumba, 69 



I 

I 



INDEX 



241 



Kenopia striata, 141 

Ketupa ketupa aagaardi, 62 
zeylonensis leschenault, 61 

khamensis, Accipiter gentilis, 16 
Astur palumbarius, 16 

khmerensis, Alcippe rufogularis, 156 
Schoeniparus rufogularis, 156 

kinneari, Chloropsis cochinchinensis. 111 
Crypsirina vagabunda, 130 
Dendrocitta rufa, 131 

Kittacincla macroura indica, 162 
malabarica interposita, 162 
malabarica pellogyna, 162 

klossi, Cyornis rubeculoides, 189 
Harpactes erythrocephalus, 70 
Molpastes atricapillus, 115 
Muscicapa rubeculoides, 189 
Pomatorhinus schisticeps, 140 
Pycnonotus aurigaster, 115 
Pyrotrogon erythrocephalus, 70 

klossii. Bubo coromandus, 61 
Myiophoneus, 166 

koratensis, Anthreptes singalensis, 204 
Chalcoparia singalensis, 204 

Lacedo pulchella amabilis, 73 

pulchella deignani, 73 

pulchella pulchella, 72 
lactea, Glareola, 43 
laeta, Leioptila melanoleuca, 158 

Megalaima chrysopogon, 80 
laetus, Chotorhea chrysopogon, 80 
lafresnayei, Aegithina lafresnayei, 110 

lora, 110 
lagopoda, Delichon urbica, 102 

Hirundo, 102 
Lalage fimbriata indochinensis, 104 

nigra striata, 106 
Lamprocorax panayensis halictypus, 200 
Lamprotornis spilopterus, 200 
lanceolata, Locustella, 176 

Sylvia, 176 
Lanius collurioides, 199 

coUurioides collurioides, 199 

cristatus, 198 

cristatus confusus, 198 

cristatus cristatus, 198 

cristatus lucionensis, 199 

cristatus supercihosus, 199 

divaricatus, 106 

hypoleucus siamensis, 199 

longicaudatus, 200 

lucionensis, 199 

malabaricus, 126 



Lanius — Continued 

musicus, 162 

nasutus longicaudatus, 200 

uasutus tricolor, 200 

nigriceps longicaudatus, 200 

nigriceps schomburgki, 200 

schach, 200 

supercihosus, 199 

tephronotus, 199 

tigrinus, 199 

tricolor, 200 
laoensis, Corydon sumatranus, 94 

Garrulax merulinus, 151 
laotiana, Muscicapula sapphira, 187 

Strix leptogrammica, 63 
laotianus, Paradoxornis gularis, 159 

Picus chlorolophus, 88 

Psittiparus gularis, 159 

Strix newarensis, 63 
lapponica, Limosa lapponica, 36 

Scolopax, 36 
Larus brunnicephalus, 43 
lathami, Emberiza, 220 

Melophus, 220 
latirostris, Muscicapa, 184 

Muscicapa latirostris, 184 
latispatula, Bhringa remifer, 125 
latouchei, Pycnonotus aurigaster, 115 
laubmanni, Alcedo, 71 

Alcedo meninting, 71 
laurentei, Cettia pallidipes, 181 

Urosphena, 181 
laurentii, Cyanops davisoni, 81 

Megalaima asiatica, 81 
lefoli, Bhringa remifer, 125 

Dicrurus remifer, 125 
Leioptila melanoleuca laeta, 158 

saturata, 158 
Leiothrix argentauris galbana, 152 

argentauris tahanensis, 152 
lekhakuni, Hypsipetes propinquus, 120 

Microscelis charlottae, 120 

Muscicapa banyumas, 190 
lepida, Certhia, 204 

Chalcoparia singalensis, 204 
lepidota, Uroloncha acuticauda, 217 
Leptoptilos dubius, 10 

javanicus, 10 
leschenault, Ketupa zeylonensis, 61 

Strix, 61 
leschenaulti, Merops, 74 

Merops leschenaulti, 74 
leschenaultii, Charadrius, 35 



242 



U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 226 



Lestris pomarinus, 43 
lettia, Otus bakkamoena, 61 

Scops, 61 
leucocephala, Ibis, 9 

Phoenicura, 165 
leucocephalus, Acridotheres, 202 

Chaimarrornis leucocephalus, 165 

Sturnus burmannicus, 202 
Leucocerca burmanica, 192 
leucogaster, Anthracoceros albirostris, 
78 

Buceros, 78 

Falco, 19 

Garrulax, 149 

Haliaeetus, 19 
leucogastra, Amadina, 217 

LoDchura leucogastra, 217 
leucogenis, Buchanga, 124 

Dicrurus leucophaeus, 124 
leucomelanura, Ceryle, 71 

Ceryle rudis, 71 
leucops, Digenea, 185 

Muscicapa monileger, 185 
leucopsis, Motacilla, 195 

Motacilla alba, 195 
leucoptera, Phoenicura, 162 

Sterna, 43 
leucopterus, Chlidonias, 43 

Glaucopis, 131 

Phoenicurus auroreus, 162 

Platysmurus leucopterus, 131 
leucopygialis, Acanthylis, 68 

Chaetura, 68 
leucosticta, Corythocichla, 142 

Napothera brevicaudata, 142 
leucothorax, Hypsipetes madagascari- 
ensis, 122 

Microscelis leucocephalus, 122 
leucotis, Garrulus, 129 

Garrulus glandarius, 129 

Stachyris leucotis, 145 
leucura, Muscisylvia, 163 

Myiomela leucura, 163 
leuphotes, Aviceda leuphotes, 14 

Falco, 14 
levaillantii, Corvus, 131 

Corvus macrorhynchos, 131 
lewisi, Gennaeus, 26 

Lophura nycthemera, 26 
Ihasae, Streptopelia orientalis, 50 

Turtur, 50 
Lillia Bubstriolata, 101 



limborgi, Chrysococcyx, 56 

Chrysococcyx xanthorhynchus, 56 
Limicola falcinellus falcinellus, 41 

falcinellus sibirica, 41 

sibirica, 41 
limnaeetus, Falco, 17 

Spizaetus cirrhatus, 17 
Limosa lapponica lapponica, 36 

lapponica menzbieri, 36 

limosa melanuroides, 36 

melanuroides, 36 
lineata, Lophura leucomelana, 25 

Megalaima zeylanica, 80 
lineatus, Capito, 80 

Haliaetus, 15 

Milvus lineatus, 15 

Phasianus, 25 
Liocichla ripponi, 152 
lisettae, Anthreptes hypogrammica, 205 

Hypogramma hypogrammicum, 205 
li venter, Butastur, 17 

Falco, 17 
LobivaneUus atronuchalis, 33 
lochmius, Garrulax, 150 

Garrulax chinensis, 150 
Locustella certhiola minor, 177 

lanceolata, 176 

minor, 177 
Lonchura leucogastra leucogastra, 217 

maja, 218 

malacca deignani, 218 

malacca sinensis, 218 

punctulata topela, 217 

striata acuticauda, 217 

striata subsquamicollis, 217 
longicauda, Rhipidura, 193 

Rhipidura javanica, 193 
longicaudatus, Lanius, 200 

Lanius nasutus, 200 

Lanius nigriceps, 200 

Phaenicophaeus, 58 

Phaenicophaeus tristis, 58 
longipennis, Crypsirina varians, 131 

Dendrocopos analis, 92 

Dendrocopos macei, 92 
longirostra, Certhia, 208 
longirostris, Arachnothera longirostris, 
208 

Perdix, 23 

Rhizothera longirostris, 23 

Upupa, 76 

Upupa epops, 76 
lonnbergi, Criniger, 120 



INDEX 



243 



Lophocitta ardesiaca, 129 
Lophura diardi, 26 

ignita rufa, 26 

leucomelana crawfurdii, 25 

leucomelana lineata, 25 

nycthemera jonesi, 26 

nycthemera lewisi, 26 
loquax, Hypsipetes mcclellandii, 121 

Ixos mcclellandii, 121 
Loriculus galgulus, 53 

vernalis phileticus, 53 

vernalis vernalis, 53 
Loxia erythrina, 218 

maja, 218 

oryzivora, 217 

prasina, 216 
lucionensis, Lanius, 199 

Lanius cristatus, 199 
lunatus, Eurylaimus, 96 

Serilophus lunatus, 96 
lutescens, Macronous gularis, 146 

Mixornis rubricapilla, 146 
lylei, Chrysophlegma flavinucha, 88 

Picus flavinucha, 88 
Lymnocryptes minimum, 40 
Lyncornis cerviniceps, 65 

macgrigoriae, Muscicapa, 188 

Phoenicura, 188 
Macheiramphus alcinus, 14 

alcinus alcinus, 14 
macro cerus, Eupetes, 158 

Eupetes macrocerus, 158 
macrodactyla, Napothera macrodactyla, 

141 
macrodactylum, Malacopteron, 141 
Macronous gularis chersonesophilus, 147 

gularis connectens, 147 

gularis inveteratus, 147 

gularis lutescens, 146 

ptilosus, 147 

gularis saraburiensis, 146 

gularis sulphureus, 146 

ptilosus ptilosus, 147 
Macronus gularis saraburiensis, 146 
macronyx, Budytes flavus, 196 

Motacilla flava, 196 
Macropygia assimilis, 50 

ruficeps assimilis, 50 

unchall tusalia, 50 

subg., 50 
Macrorhamphus semipalmatus, 39 



macrorhynchos, Corvus, 132 

Corvus macrorhynchos, 132 
maculata, Stachyris maculata, 145 

Timalia, 145 
maculatus, Chrysococcyx, 56 
maculicollis, Orthotomus, 177 

Orthotomus sutorius, 177 
maculipennis, Abrornis, 173 

Phylloscopus maculipennis, 173 
magna, Sitta, 134 

Sitta magna, 134 
magnirostre, Malacopteron magnirostre, 

139 
magnirostris, Alcippe, 139 

Cissa erythrorhyncha, 130 

Cyornis, 190 

Esacus magnirostris, 42 

Muscicapa banyumas, 190 

Oedicnemus, 42 

Psilorhmus, 130 

Treron, 48 

Treron capellei, 48 
magnum, Malacopteron, 138 

Malacopteron magnum, 138 
mahrattensis, Dendrocopos, 92 

Picus, 92 
maingayi, Strix leptogrammica, 64 

Syrnium, 64 
maja, Lonchura, 218 

Loxia, 218 
major, Alcippe rufogularis, 156 

Schoeniparus rufigularis, 156 
malabaricus, Dicrurus paradiseus, 126 

Lanius, 126 
malaccense, Brachypteryx, 137 

Trichastoma malaccense, 137 
malaccensis, Cymbirhynchus macro- 
rhynchos, 95 

Cymborhynchus, 95 

Hypsipetes, 121 

Passer montanus, 215 

Pelargopsis, 72 

Pelargopsis capensis, 72 

Picus, 89 

Picus miniaceus, 89 
malacensis, Anthreptes malacensis, 204 

Certhia, 204 

Pavo, 27 
Malacocincla abbotti, 138 

abbotti obscurior, 138 

abbotti rufescentior, 138 

abbotti williamsoni, 138 

sepiaria tardinata, 137 



244 



U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 226 



Malacopteron affine affiiie, 139 

cinereum ciuereum, 139 

cinereum indochinense, 138 

cinereus, 139 

macrodactylum, 141 

magnirostre magnirostre, 139 

magnum, 138 

magnum magnum, 138 

olivaceum, 138 
malaya, Cisticola juncidis, 181 
malayana, Digenea, 186 

Eudynamis, 57 

Eudynamys scolopacea, 57 

Muscicapa solitaris, 186 
malayanus, Anthracoceros, 78 

Buceros, 78 

Cacomantis sonneratii, 55 

Chrysococcyx malayanus, 56 

Cuculus, 56 
malayensis, Anthus, 198 

Anthus novae-seelandiae, 198 

Chotorhea rafflesii, 81 

Falco, 19 

Ictinaetus, 19 

Irena, 128 

Irena puella, 128 

Megalaima rafflesii, 81 

Spilornis cheela, 21 
malayorum, Picumnus innominatus, 84 
maldivarura, Glareola, 42 
mandellii, Phylloscopus inornatus, 173 

Reguloides, 173 
mandschurica, Hirundo rustica, 101 
mangini, Aethopyga siparaja, 207 
manilensis, Ardea purpurea, 5 
marginata, Zoothera, 169 
marionae, Mirafra assamica, 100 
maura, Motacilla, 164 

Saxicola torquata, 164 
maxima, Collocalia, 66 

CoUocalia maxima, 66 
mayri, Athene brama, 63 

Hirundo daurica, 101 

Hirundo striolata, 101 
megala, Capella, 39 

Gallinago, 39 
Megalaema ramsayi, 81 
Megalaima asiatica chersonesus, 82 

asiatica davisoni, 81 

asiatica laurentii, 81 

australis cyanotis, 82 

australis orien talis, 83 

australis stuarti, 82 



Megalaima — Continued 

chrysopogon laeta, 80 

davisoni, 81 

faiostricta faiostricta, 80 

faiostricta praetermissa, 80 

franklinii ramsayi, 81 

franklinii trangensis, 81 

haemacephala indica, 83 

henricii henricii, 82 

incognita elbeli, 82 

incognita euroa, 82 

mystacophanos mystacophanos, 81 

rafflesii malayensis, 81 

virens virens, 80 

zeylanica hodgsoni, 80 

zeylanica lineata, 80 
Megalaimus hodgsoni, 80 
Megalurus palustris toklao, 177 

sp., 177 
megarhyncha. Pitta, 98 

Pitta moluccensis, 98 
Meiglyptes jugularis, 90 

tristis grammithorax, 90 

tukki tukki, 90 
mekongensis, Tephrodornis gularis, 104 

Tephrodornis virgatus, 104 
melanchima, Cutia nipalensis, 152 
melanocephalus, Tantalus, 10 

Threskiornis, 10 
Melanochlora sultanea flavo-cristata, 
133 

sultanea sultanea, 133 
melanogaster, Anhinga, 4 
melanoleuca, Heterophasia melanoleuca, 
158 

Sibia, 158 
melanoleucos. Circus, 20 

Falco, 20 

Pycnonotus, 113 
melanolopha, Ardea, 8 
melanolophus, Goisakius melanolophus, 

8 
melanope, Motacilla, 195 

Motacilla caspica, 195 
melanostigma, Garrulax, 151 

Garrulax erythrocephalus, 151 
melanotis, Pteruthius, 153 

Pteruthius melanotis, 153 
melanotos, Sarkidiornis, 13 
melanozanthum, Dicaeum, 212 
melanuroides, Limosa, 36 

Limosa limosa, 36 
melaschista, Coracina melaschista, 105 



INDEX 



245 



melaschistos, Volvocivora, 105 

Melias diardi, 57 

mellianus, Oriolus traillii, 128 

Melophus lathami, 220 

menzbieri, Limosa lapponica, 36 

meridionale, Trochalopterum, 149 

meridionalis, Culicicapa ceylonensis, 191 

Garrulax pectoralis, 149 
Merops amictus, 75 

athertoni, 75 

ferrugeiceps, 75 

javanicus, 74 

leschenaulti, 74 

leschenaulti leschenaulti, 74 

orientalis ferrugeiceps, 75 

philippinus javanicus, 74 

viridis, 75 

viridis viridis, 75 
Mesia argentauris galbana, 152 

argentauris tahanensis, 152 
Mesobucco duvauceli stuarti, 82 

duvaugli orientalis, 83 
mesoxantha, Zosterops, 214 
Metopidius indicus, 32 
Microhierax caerulescens burmanicus, 
21 

horsfieldii, 21 
Micronisus poliopsis, 16 
Micropternus brachyurus phaioceps, 84 

brachyurus squamigularis, 85 

brachyurus wilhamsoni, 85 

subg., 84, 90 
micropterus, Cuculus, 54 

Cu cuius micropterus, 54 
microrhynchus, Gecinus canus, 86 
Microscelis charlottae lekhakuni, 120 

charlottae simulator, 120 

leucocephalus leucothorax, 122 

leucocephalus stresemanni, 122 

viridescens myitkyinensis, 119 
Microura pusilla harterti, 143 

pusilla pusilla, 143 
mikado, Turnix sylvatica, 28 
Milvus govinda, 15 

lineatus lineatus, 15 

migrans govinda, 15 
minima, Scolopax, 40 
minimus, Lymnocryptes, 40 
Minla castaneceps, 156 

cyanouroptera sordida, 154 

cyanouroptera sordidior, 154 

cyanouroptera wingatei, 154 

strigula castanicauda, 154 



minor, Fregata minor, 4 
LocusteUa,, 177 
Locustella certhiola, 177 
Mixornis gularis, 146 
Pelecanus, 4 

Pycnonotus nigricans, 114 
Mirafra assamica marionae, 100 
assamica subsessor, 99 
cantillans williamsoni, 100 
javanica williamsoni, 100 
Mixornis gularis chersonesophila, 147 
gularis deignani, 147 
gularis inveterata, 147 
gularis minor, 146 
rubricapilla connecteus, 147 
rubricapilla lutescens, 146 
mixta, Heterophasia annectens, 158 
modesta, Anthreptes, 210 

Arachnothera aflSnis, 210 
Ardea, 7 
Egretta alba, 7 
modestum, Dicaeum agile, 211 
Molpastes atricapillus klossi, 115 

aurigaster thais, 115 
moluccensis, Chloropsis, 112 

Chloropsis cochinchinensis, 112 
Pitta moluccensis, 98 
Turdus, 98 
Monacha caesia, 191 
Monarcha azurea galerita, 193 
montana, Hypothymis azurea, 193 
Monticola gularis, 165 

rufiventris sinensis, 165 
sohtarius aflfinis, 165 
solitarius philippensis, 166 
monticolus, Caprimulgus, 66 
Caprimulgus affinis, 66 
morator, Corydon sumatranus, 94 
Motacilla alba alboides, 195 
alba baicalensis, 195 
alba leucopsis, 195 
alba ocularis, 195 
alboides, 195 
baicalensis, 195 
caspica melanope, 195 
cervina, 198 
citreola, 196 
citreola citreola, 196 
cyane, 161 
emeria, 115 



246 



U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 22 6 



Motacilla — Continued 

flava angarensis, 196 

flava macronyx, 196 

flava taivana, 196 

immaculatus, 163 

indica, 196 

leucopsis, 196 

maura, 164 

melanope, 195 

ocularis, 195 

schistaceus, 163 

svecica, 161 
mouhoti, Buchanga, 124 

Dicrurus leucophaeus, 124 

Garrulax, 149 

Garrulax monilegerus, 149 
muelleri, Erythromyias, 186 

Muscicapa, 186 

Muscicapa dumetoria, 186 
mugimaki, Muscicapa, 185 
mulleri, Brachyurus, 98 

Pitta sordida, 98 
Mulleripicus feddeni, 91 

heddeni, 91 

pulverulentus celadinus, 91 

pulverulentus harterti, 90 
Munia acuticauda, 217 

sinensis, 218 

topela, 217 
murielae, Sphenurus sieboldi, 47 

Treron sieboldii, 47 
musarum, Arachnothera magna, 210 
Muscicapa aedon, 175 

aestigma, 187 

albicilla, 185 

banyumas coerulifrons, 190 

banyumas deignani, 190 

banyumas lekhakuni, 190 

banyumas magnirostris, 190 

banyumas whitei, 190 

capitalis, 103 

concreta, 188 

concreta concreta, 188 

cyanomelana cumatilis, 187 

dumetoria muelleri, 186 

grandis decipiens, 188 

grandis grandis, 187 

hainana, 188 

hirundinaceus, 103 

hodgsonii, 186 

hyperythra, 186 

hyperythra hyperythra, 186 

infuscata, 189 



Muscicapa — Continued 

latirostris, 184 

latirostris cinereo-alba, 183 

latirostris latirostris, 184 

latirostris Siamensis, 184 

macgrigoriae, 188 

monileger leucops, 185 

muelleri, 186 

mugimaki, 185 

parva albicilla, 185 

picata, 103 

pondiceriana, 103 

pyrhoptera, 192 

rubeculoides dialilaema, 189 

rubeculoides glaucicomans, 189 

rubeculoides klossi, 189 

rufilata, 184 

rupicola, 175 

sapphira laotiana, 187 

sibirica, 183 

sibirica cacabata, 183 

sibirica rothschildi, 183 

sibirica sibirica, 183 

solitaris malayana, 186 

solitaris submoniliger, 186 

strophiata stropliiata, 185 

sundara denotata, 188 

superciliaris aestigma, 187 

thalassina, 184 

thalassina thalassina, 184 

thalassina thalassoides, 184 

tickelliae Indochina, 190 

tickelliae sumatrensis, 191 

unicolor harterti, 189 

unicolor unicolor, 189 

vivida oatesi, 188 

westermani australorientis, 186 

westermani westermani, 187 

westermanni australorientis, 186 

williamsoni, 184 

zanthopygia, 185 

subg., 184 
Muscicapella hodgsoni hodgsoni, 191 
Muscicapula sapphira laotiana, 187 

westermanni, 187 
Muscipeta atrocaudata, 193 

incei, 194 
Muscisylvla leucura, 163 
Muscitrea cinerea, 194 
musicus, Copsychus saularia, 162 

Lanius, 162 
muticus, Pavo, 28 

Pave muticus, 28 



INDEX 



247 



Mycerobas melanozanthos fratris-regis, 

218 
Mycteria asiatica, 10 
Myiomela leucura leucura, 163 
Myiophoneus crassirostris, 167 

eugenei, 166 

klossii, 166 

stonei, 166 
Myiothera caerulea, 97 
myitkyinensis, Hypsipetes viridescens, 119 

Microscelis viridescens, 119 
Myophonus caeruleus caeruleus, 166 

caeruleus crassirostris, 167 

caeruleus dicrorhynchus, 167 

caeruleus eugenei, 166 

caeruleus rileyi, 166 

caeruleus temminckii, 166 

dicrorhynchus, 167 

temminckii, 166 

temminckii changensis, 167 
myrmecophoneus, Picus, 86 
mystacophanos, Bucco, 81 

Megalaima mystacophanos, 81 
Myzanthe ignipectus, 213 

nana, Icthyophaga nana, 19 
nangka, Heteroxenicus, 160 
nanus, Icthyaetus, 19 

Spizaetus, 18 

Spizaetus nanus, 18 
Napothera brevicaudata brevicaudata, 
142 

brevicaudata griseigularis, 142 

brevicaudata leucosticta, 142 

crispifrons calcicola, 141 

crispifrons crispifrons, 141 

epilepidota davisoni, 142 

epilepidota granti, 142 

macrodactyla macrodactyla, 141 
nassovicus, Pericrocotus Solaris, 108 
nebularia, Tringa, 37 
Nectarinia asiatica intermedia, 206 

calcostetha, 205 

calcostetha calcostetha, 205 

chrysogenys, 209 

dabryii, 206 

flammaxillaris, 206 

ignita, 213 

jugularis flammaxillaris, 206 

simplex, 203 

sperata brasiliana, 205 

temminckii, 208 
Necterinia seheriae, 207 



negatus, Pycnonotus melanicterus, 114 
neglecta, Coracina fimbriata, 105 

Sitta, 134 

Sitta europaea, 134 

Volvocivora, 105 
neglectus, Pericrocotus, 108 

Pericrocopus brevirostris, 108 
nemoricola, Capella, 39 

GaUinago, 39 

Sturnia, 201 

Sturnus malabarica, 201 
Nemura hodgsoni, 191 

rufilatus, 161 
Nettapus coromandelianus coroman- 

delianus, 13 
nicobarica, Caloenas nicobarica, 52 

Columba, 52 
niger, Hydrocorax, 4 

Phalacrocorax pygmeus, 4 
nigra, Ardea, 9 

Ciconia, 9 
nigrescens, Dicrurus, 125 

Dicrurus leucophaeus, 125 
nigrescentior, Stachyris striolata, 145 
nigricans, Alcedo, 72 
nigricollis, Gracula, 201 

Stachyris, 146 

Sturnus, 201 

Timalia, 146 
nigrigenis, Gecinus, 87 

Picus erythropygius, 87 
nigrocapitata, Brachypteryx, 136 
nigrocapitatum, Pellorneum capistra- 

tum, 136 
nihonensis, Charadrius alexandrinus, 34 
nilotica, Gelochelidon nilotica, 44 

Sterna, 44 
Niltava decipiens, 188 

grandis nobilis, 187 

oatesi, 188 

smithi, 188 

sundara denotata, 188 

williaminae, 188 
Ninox burmanica, 63 

scutulata burmanica, 63 

scutulata florensis, 63 

scutulata scutulata, 63 
nipalensis, Aceros, 77 

Bubo, 61 

Bubo nipalensis, 61 

Buceros, 77 

Nisactus, 18 

Spizaetus nipalensis, 18 



248 



U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 22 6 



nipalensis — Continued 

Toria, 47 

Treron curvirostra, 47 
Nisactus nipalensis, 18 
Nisaetus alboniger, 18 
nisicolor, Cuculus, 54 

Cuculus fugax, 54 
nisosimilis, Accipiter nisus, 16 

Falco, 16 
Nisus, subg., 17 
nitidus, Orthotomus, 178 

Orthotomus atrogularis, 178 
nobilis, Niltava grand is, 187 
Noctua brodiei, 62 
nubicolus, Parus major, 132 
nubilosa. Sterna, 45 

Sterna fuscata, 45 
nuchale, Hypogramma hypogrammi- 

cum, 205 
nuchalis, Anthreptes, 205 
Numenius arquata orientalis, 35 

orientalis, 35 

phaeopus phaeopus, 35 

phaeopus variegatus, 35 
nycticorax, Ardea, 7 

Nycticorax nycticorax, 7 
Nycticorax nycticorax nycticorax, 7 
Nyctyornis amictus, 75 

athertoni athertoni, 75 
nyroca. Anas, 12 

Aythya, 12 

oatesi, Muscicapa vivida, 188 

Niltava, 188 

Pitta oatesi, 97 
objurgans, Prinia rufescens, 179 
oblitus, Anaimos maculatus, 211 

Prionochilus maculatus, 211 
obscura, Stachyris rufifrons, 143 
obscurata, Ducula badia, 49 
obscuratus, Phylloscopus trochiloides, 

174 
obscurior, Malacocincla abbotti, 138 
obscurius, Trichastoma abbotti, 138 
obscurus, Turdus, 169 

Turdus obscurus, 169 
ochraceiceps, Pomatorhinus, 141 

Pomatorhinus ochraceiceps, 141 
ochraceus, Criniger, 118 

Criniger ocliraceus, 118 
ochromalus, Eurylaimus, 95 

Eurylaimus ochromalus, 95 
ocrophus, Tringa, 37 



ocularis, Motacilla, 195 

Motacilla alba, 195 
oculea, Caloperdix oculea, 25 

Perdix, 25 
Oedicnemus indicus, 42 

magnirostris, 42 

recurvirostris, 42 
olax, Columba, 47 

Treron, 47 
oHvacea, Cyornis, 182 

Rhinomyias olivacea, 182 
olivaceum, Dicaeum, 212 

Dicaeum concolor, 212 

Malacopteron, 138 

Trichastoma abbotti, 138 
olivaceus, Pomatorhinus, 140 

Pomatorhinus schisticeps, 140 
olivea, Saxicola, 181 

Tesia, 181 
Oreocincla dauma socia, 168 

horsfieldi affinis, 169 
orientalis, Acrocephalus arundinaceus, 
176 

Megalaima australis, 83 

Mesobucco duvaugli, 83 

Numenius, 35 

Numenius arquata, 35 

Pernis apivorus, 14 

Pernis ptilorhyncus, 14 

Salicaria turdina, 176 
Oriolus chinensis diffusus, 127 

diffusus, 127 

luteolus thaiacous, 127 

sinensis, 201 

tenuirostris, 127 

tenuirostris tenuirostris, 127 

traillii mellianus, 128 

traiUii traillii, 128 

xanthonotus, 127 

xanthonotus xanthonotus, 127 

xanthornus xanthornus, 127 
ornata, Emberiza aureola, 219 
Oroecetes gularis, 165 
Orthonychinae, 158 
Orthorhinus, subg., 140 
Orthotomus atrogularis, 178 

atrogularis atrogularis, 178 

atrogularis nitidus, 178 

coronatus, 178 

cuculatus coronatus, 178 

cuculatus thais, 179 

maculicollis, 177 

nitidus, 178 



INDEX 



249 



Orthotomus — Continued 

ruficeps ruficeps, 178 

sericeus hesperius, 178 

sutorius inexpectatus, 177 

sutorius maculicoUis, 177 
oryzivora, Loxia, 217 

Padda, 217 
oscitans, Anastomus, 9 

Ardea, 9 
Osmotreron phayrei, 47 
Otocompsa personata, 117 
Otus bakkamoena condorenais, 61 

bakkamoena lettia, 61 

luciae siamensis, 60 

sagittatus, 60 

scops distans, 60 

scops stictonotus, 60 

senegalensis distant, 60 

spilocephalus siamensis, 60 

Pachycephala cinerea cinerea, 194 

cinerea vandepoUi, 194 

vandepoUi, 194 
pacifica, Hirundo, 68 
pacificus, Apiis pacificus, 68 
Padda oryzivora, 217 
pagodarum, Arachnothera magna, 210 
Palaeornis eupatria siamensis, 52 

finschii, 53 
pallescens, Dicaeum agile, 211 
palleuca, Egretta intermedia, 7 
pallida, Arachnothera longirostra, 208 

Arachnothera longirostris, 208 
pallidus, Eurylaimus javaniciis, 95 

Phaenicophaeus javanicus, 58 

Zanclostomus javanicus, 58 
Pandion haliaetus haliaetus, 21 
Paradisea tristis, 202 
paradiseus, Cuculus, 126 

Dicrurus paradiseus, 126 
Paradoxornis davidianus thompsoni, 159 

gularis laotianus, 159 

gularis transfluvialis, 159 

guttaticoUis, 159 

nipalensis feae, 159 
Pardalotus thoracicus, 210 
Parra indica, 32 
Parus flavo-cristatus, 133 

major ambiguus, 132 

major nubicolus, 132 

major templorum, 132 

sinensis, 148 

subviridis, 132 



Parus — Continued 

sultaneus, 133 

xanthogenys subviridis, 132 
Passer flaveolus, 215 

moutanus malaccensis, 215 
passerinus, CucuUis, 56 

Ploceus philippinus, 215 
Pastor traiUii, 128 
patriciae, TimaHa pileata, 148 
pattani, Pycnonotus jocosus, IIS 
paulus, Pycnonotus striatus, 113 
Pavo bicalcaratus, 27 

malacensis, 27 

muticus, 28 

muticus imperator, 27 

muticus muticus, 28 
paykuUii, Porzana, 30 

Rallus, 30 
Pelargopsis amauroptera, 72 

burmanica, 72 

capensis burmanica, 72 

capensis malaccensis, 72 

malaccensis, 72 
Pelecanus minor, 4 

philippensis, 3 

philippensis philippensis, 3 

plotus, 3 

sinensis, 4 
pellogyna, Kittacincla malabarica, 162 
pellogynus, Copsychus malabaricus, 162 
Pellorneum albiventre cinnamomeum, 
136 

capistratum nigrocapitatum, 136 

ruficeps acrum, 136 

ruficeps chthonium, 135 

ruficeps elbeli, 135 

ruficeps euroum, 136 

ruficeps indistinctum, 135 

ruficeps smithi, 136 

ruficeps subochraceum, 136 

ruficeps ubonense, 135 

smithi, 136 

subochraceum, 136 
Pellornium tickelH, 137 
penelope, Anas, 12 
peninsulae, Alcedo euryzonia, 72 

Garrulax erythrocephalus, 151 

Garrulax leucolophus, 150 

Trochalopterum, 150, 151 
peninsuhire, Dinopium rafflesii, 89 
peninsularis, Arborophila charltonii, 24 

Arborophila chloropus, 24 

Garrulax leucolophus, 150 



250 



U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 2 26 



peninsularis — ^Continued 

Gauropicoides rafflesi, 89 

Pitta cyanea, 98 

Prinia rufescens, 179 
peraceiif^is, Bhriiiga reinifer, 125 

Dicrurus reinifer, 125 

H^'psipetes incclellaudii, 121 

lole tickelli, 121 
Perdix charltonii, 24 

longirostris, 23 

oculea, 25 

phayrei, 23 
Perecrocotus peregrinus vividus, 107 
Pericrocotus brovirostris ethologus, 108 

brevirostris neglectu.s, 108 

cantonensis, 107 

cinnamomeus igneus, 108 

cinnamomeus sacerdos, 107 

cinnamomeus separatus, 107 

cinnamomeus thai, 107 

cinnamomeus vividus, 107 

divaricatus divaricatus, 106 

ethologus cryptus, 108 

ethologus ethologus, 108 

ethologus ripponi, 108 

flammeus elegans, 109 

flammeus flammifer, 109 

flammeus semiruber, 109 

flammeus suehitrae, 109 

flammifer, 109 

igneus, 108 

neglectus, 108 

peregrinus sacerdos, 107 

peregrinus separatus, 107 

peregrinus thai, 107 

roseus cantonensis, 107 

roseus roseus, 107 

rubro-limbatus, 108 

Solaris nassovicus, 108 

Solaris ripponi, 108 

Solaris rubro-limbatus, 108 

speciosus semiruber, 109 
peristephes. Halcyon concreta, 74 
perlata, Ilhipidura, 192 
perlutus, Callolophus mineatus, 89 

Picus miniaceus, 89 
Pernis apivorus orientalis, 14 

jerdoni, 14 

ptilorhyncus gurneyi, 15 

ptilorhyncus orientalis, 14 

ptilorhyncus ruficollis, 15 

ptilorhyncus torquatus, 15 

ruficollis, 15 



Pernis — Continued 

torquata, 15 
peronii, Charadrius, 34 
perple.\'us, Phylloscopus armandii, 172 
perpulchra Halcyon, 73 

Halcyon smyrnensis, 73 
personata, Heliopais, 32 

Otocompsa, 117 

Podica, 32 
personatus, Pycnonotus goiavier, 117 
petersi, Aethopyga saturata, 207 
Petrocincla affinis, 165 
phacopus, Numenius phacopus, 35 
Phaenicophaeus chlorophaeus chloro- 
phaeus, 58 

curvirostris singularis, 58 

diardi diardi, 57 

javanicus pallidus, 58 

longicaudatus, 58 

sumatrauus sumatranus, 57 

tristis longicaudatus, 58 

tristis salieus, 58 
Phaenicornis elegans, 109 
phaeocephalus, Criniger phaeocephalus, 
119 

Ixos, 110 
phaeopus, Scolopax, 35 
phaioceps Micropternus brachyurus, 84 

Picus, 84 
Phaiopicus grammithorax, 90 
Phalacrocorax carbo sinensis, 4 

fuscicoUis, 4 

pygmeus niger, 4 
Phasianus argus, 27 

crawfurdii, 25 

gallus, 26 

lineatus, 25 

rufus, 26 
phayrei, Anthocincla, 99 

FrancoHnus pintadeanus, 23 

Osmotreron, 47 

Perdix, 23 

Pitta, 99 

Treron pompadora, 47 
Philentoma pyrhopterum pyrhopterum, 192 

velatum caesium, 191 
phileticus, Loriculus vernalis, 53 
phihpi, Aegithina, 109 

Aegithina tiphia, 109 
philippensis, Monticola solitarius, 166 

Pelecauus, 3 

Pelccanus phiUppensis, 3 

Turdus, 106 



INDEX 



251 



Phillopneuste fuscata, 172 
Philomachus piignax, 41 
Phodilus badius badius, 60 
Phoenicura leucocephala, 165 

leucoptera, 162 

macgrigoriae, 188 
Phoenicurus auroreus leucopterus, 162 
Phragamaticola aedon, 175 
Phyllergates cucuUatus thais, 179 
Phyllopneuste borealis, 173 

subg., 172 
Phyllornis chlorocephalus, 111 

cyanopogon, 110 
Phylloscopus armandii armandii, 172 

armandii perplexus, 172 

borealis borealis, 173 

davisoni davisoni, 175 

davisoni disturbans, 175 

davisoni intensior, 175 

fuscatus fuscatus, 172 

inornatus inornatus, 173 

inornatiis mandellii, 173 

maculipennis maculipennis, 173 

plumbeitarsus, 174 

proregulus chloronotus, 173 

pulcher, 172 

pulcher pulcher, 172 

reguloides claudiae, 174 

ricketti ricketti, 175 

schwarzi, 172 

subaffinis, 172 

subaffinis subaffinis, 172 

tenellipes, 174 

trochiloides obscuratus, 174 

trochiloides plumbeitarsus, 174 

trochiloides trochiloides, 174 
picata, Muscicapa, 103 
picatus, Hemipus picatus, 103 
Picnonotus simplex, 117 
Picumnus abnormis, 84 

innominatus malayorum, 84 
Picus atratus, 92 

canente, 93 

canicapillus, 92 

canus gyldenstolpei, 86 

canus hessei, 86 

chlorolophus annamensis, 88 

chlorolophus laotianus, 88 

chlorolophus chlorolophoides, 88 

erythropygius erythropygius, 87 

erythropygius nigrigenis, 87 

flavinucha, 87 

flavinucha archon, 87 
546-019—63 18 



Picus — •Continued 

flavinucha flavinucha, 87 

flavinucha lylei, 88 

flavinucha pierrei, 87 

guttacristatus, 94 

hyperythrus, 91 

intermedins, 89 

javanensis, 89 

javensis, 91 

jugularis, 90 

mahrattensis, 92 

malaccensis, 89 

mentalis humii, 88 

miniaceus malaccensis, 89 

miniaceus perlutus, 89 

myrmecophoneus, 86 

phaioceps, 84 

pierrei, 87 

puniceus continentis, 88 

pyrrhotis, 93 

squamigularis, 85 

tukki, 90 

viridanus, 86 

vittatus connectens, 85 

vittatus eisenhoferi, 85 

vittatus eurous, 85 

vittatus viridanus, 86 

vittatus weberi, 86 
pierrei, Picus, 87 

Picus flavinucha, 87 
pileata, Alcedo, 73 

Halcyon, 73 

Sterna, 46 
pileatus, Anous stolidus, 46 
Pitta caerulea caerulea, 97 

cucuUata, 98 

C3^anea, 98 

cyanea aurantiaca, 98 

cyanea cyanea, 98 

cyanea peninsularis, 98 

guajana ripleyi, 99 

gurneyi, 99 

irena ripleyi, 99 

megarhyncha, 98 

moluccensis megarhyncha, 98 

moluccensis moluccensis, 98 

oatesi oatesi, 97 

phayrei, 99 

sordida cucuUata, 98 

sordida mulleri, 98 

soror, 97 

soror soror, 97 
placidus, Charadrius, 33 



252 



U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 2 26 



Platylophus galericulatus ardesiacus, 

129 
Platysmurus leucopterus leucopterus, 

131 
Ploceella hypoxantha hj'menaica, 216 
Ploceus hypoxanthus hymcnaicus, 216 

manyar williamsoni, 216 

passerinus infortunatus, 216 

philippiniis angelorum, 216 

philippimis infortunatus, 216 

philippinus passerinus, 215 
plotus, Pelecanus, 3 

Sula Icucogaster, 3 
plumbea, Gallinula, 31 
plumbeitarsus, Phylloscopus, 174 

Phylloscopus trochiloides, 174 
plumosus, Pycnonotus, 117 

Pycnonotus plumosus, 117 
Pluvianus cinereus, 33 
Pnoepyga pusilla harterti, 143 

pusillus, 143 
Podica personata, 32 
Podiceps ruficollis poggei, 3 
poggei, Colymbus nigricans, 3 

Podiceps ruficollis 3 
Polihierax insignis cinereiceps, 22 

insignis harmandi, 22 
poliocephala, Gallinula, 31 

Stachyris, 145 

Timalia, 145 
poliocephalus, Cuculus, 55 

Cuculus poliocephalus, 55 

Porph3Tio porphyrio, 31 
poliogenys, Culicipeta, 170 

Seicercus, 170 
Poliohierax, subg., 22 
Polionetta haringtoni, 12 
poliopsis, Accipiter badius, 16 

Mieronisus, 16 
polioptera, Campophaga, 105 

Coracina polioptera, 105 
Polyphasia tenuirostris, 55 
Polyplectron bicalcaratum bicalcaratum, 

27 
pomarinus, Lestris, 43 

Stercorarius, 43 
Pomatorhinus albogularis, 140 

erythrogenys celatus, 140 

ferruginosus albogularis, 140 

hypoleucos tickelli, 140 

ochraceiceps, 141 

ochraceiceps alius, 141 

ochraceiceps ochraceiceps, 141 



Pomatorhinus — Continued 

olivaceus, 140 

ripponi, 139 

schisticeps difficilis, 139 

schisticeps fastidiosus, 140 

schisticeps humilis, 139 

schisticeps klossi, 140 

schisticeps olivaceus, 140 

schisticeps ripponi, 139 

tickelli, 140 
pondiceriana, Muscicapa, 103 
pondicerianus, Tephrodornis pondiceri- 

anus, 103 
Porphyrio cinereus, 30 

edwardsi, 31 

porphyrio poliocephalus, 31 

porphyrio viridis, 31 

viridis, 31 
Porzana amauroptera, 30 

cinerea cinerea, 30 

fusca bakeri, 30 

paykullii, 30 

pusilla pusilla, 30 
praetermissa, Megalaima faiostricta, 80 

Treron bisincta, 48 
praetermissus, Thereiceryx flavostrictus, 

80 
prasina, Erythrura prasina, 216 

Loxia, 216 
Pratincola torquata yunnanensis, 164 

subg., 42 
pridii, Chloropsis aurifrons. 111 
Prinia atrogularis erythropleura, 180 

beavani, 179 

flaviventris delacouri, 180 

flaviventris rafflesi, 180 

hodgsonii erro, 179 

inornata herberti, 180 

polychroa cooki, 180 

rafflesi, 180 

rufescens beavani, 179 

rufescens cxtrema, 179 

rufescens objurgans, 179 

rufescens peninsularis, 179 

subflava blanfordi, 180 

subflava herberti, 180 
Prionochilus maculatus oblitus, 211 

maculatus septentrionalis, 210 

percussus ignicapillus, 211 

thoracicus, 210 
prophata, Hypothymis azurea, 193 
propinquus, Criniger, 120 



i 



INDEX 



253 



propinquus — Continued 

Drj'onastes, 151 

Garrulax chinensis, 151 

Hypsipetes propinquus, 120 
Psarisomus assimilis, 96 

dalhousiae assimilis, 96 

dalhousiae m'anicauda, 96 
Pseudibis gigantea, 11 

papillosa davisoni, 10 
pseudo-crocopus, Sphenocercus, 48 

Treron phoenicoptera, 48 
Pseudornis dicruroides, 57 
Pseudoscolopax semipalmatus, 39 
Psilorhinus magnirostris, 130 
Psittacula alexandri fasciata, 52 

eupatria siamensis, 52 

finschii, 53 

roseata juneae, 52 
Psittacus cyanurus, 53 

fasciatus, 52 

galgiUus, 53 

vernalis, 53 
Psittinus cyanurus cyanurus, 53 
Psittiparus gularis laotianus, 159 
Pteruthius aenobarbus intermedius, 153 

aeralatus, 152 

flaviscapis aeralatus, 152 

flaviscapis ricketti, 153 

flaviscapis schauenseei, 153 

melanotis, 153 

melanotis melanotis, 153 

ricketti, 153 
Ptilinopus jambu, 49 
Ptilolaemus tickelli austeni, 77 

tickelli tickelli, 77 
ptilosus, Macronous, 147 

Macronous ptilosus, 147 
puella, Coracias, 128 

Irena puella, 128 
pugnax, Philomachus, 41 

Tringa, 41 
pulchella, Dacelo, 73 

Lacedo pulchella, 73 
pulcher, Phylloscopus, 172 

Phylloscopus pulcher, 172 
pulchricoUis, Columba, 50 
pumilus, Dendrocopos canicapillus, 92 

lyngipicus, 92 
punicea, Columba, 50 
puniceus, Columba, 50 
purpurea, Cochoa, 164 
pusilla, Emberiza, 219 



pusilla — Continued 

Microura pusilla, 143 

Porzana pusilla, 30 
pusillus, Pnoepyga, 143 

Rallus, 30 
Pycnonotus atriceps atriceps, 113 

aurigaster germani, 116 

aurigaster innitens, 116 

aurigaster klossi, 115 

aurigaster latouchci, 115 

aurigaster schauenseei, 115 

aurigaster thais, 115 

blanfordi conradi, 117 

brunneus, 117 

brunneus brunneus, 117 

cafer schauenseei, 115 

cyaniventris, 114 

cyaniventris cyaniventris, 114 

dispar auratus, 113 

dispar caecilii, 114 

dispar vantynei, 113 

dispar xanthops, 113 

erythropthalmos erythropthalmos, 
117 

eutilotus, 116 

finlaysoni, 116 

finlaysoni eous, 116 

finlaysoni finlaysoni, 116 

flavescens vividus, 116 

goiavier jambu, 117 

goiavier personatus, 1 1 7 

jocosus emeria, 115 

jocosus pattani, 115 

melanicterus auratus, 113 

melanicterus caecilii, 114 

melanicterus elbeli, 114 

melanicterus johnsoni, 114 

melanicterus negat us, 114 

melanicterus vantynei, 113 

melanicterus xanthops, 113 

melanoleucos, 113 

nigricans minor, 114 

plumosus, 117 

plumosus plumosus, 117 

robinsoni, 117 

simplex simplex, 117 

squamatus weberi, 114 

striatus paulus, 113 

zeylanicus, 112 
pyrhoptera, Muscicapa, 192 
pyrhopterum, Philentoma pyrhopterum, 
192 



254 



U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 226 



Pyrotrogon erythrocephalus annamen- 
sis, 70 

erj'throcephalus klossi, 70 

oreskios uniformis, 70 
pyrrhotis, Blythipicus pyrrhotis, 93 

Picus, 93 
Pyrrhula rosea ta, 219 

querquedula, Anas, 12 
querulivox, Sasia ochracea, 84 
querulus, Cacomantis, 55 

Cacomantis merulinus, 55 

rafflesi, Prinia, 180 

Prinia flaviventris, 180 
Rallina eurizonoides amauroptera, 30 

eurizonoides telmatophila, 30 

fasciata, 29 

telmatophila, 30 
Rallus albiventer, 29 

aquaticus indicus, 29 

benghalensis, 32 

fasciatus, 29 

indicus, 29 

paykullii, 30 

pusillus, 30 

striatus albiventer, 29 
ramsayi, Actinodura, 154 

Actinodura ramsayi, 154 

Megalaema, 81 

Megalaima franklinii, 81 
rangoonensis, Dierurus paradiseus, 126 

Edolius, 126 
rectirostris, Ardea, 5 

Ardea cinerea, 5 
recurvirostris, Esacus magnirostris, 42 

Oedicnemus, 42 
Rcguloides mandelli, 173 
Regulus inornatus, 173 
reichenowi, Sasia ochradea, 84 
religiosa, Gracula, 203 

Gracula religiosa, 203 
renauldi, Carpococcyx, 58 
Rhamphococcyx curvirostris singularis, 

58 
rhinoceros, Buceros, 79 

Buceros rhinoceros, 79 
Rhinomyias olivacea olivacea, 182 

umbratilis, 183 
Rhinoplax vigil, 79 
Rhipidura albicoUis atrata, 192 

albicollis celsa, 192 

atrata, 192 



Rhipidura — Continued 

aureola burmanica, 192 

hypoxantha, 192 

javanica longicauda, 193 

longicauda, 193 

perlata, 192 
Rhizothera longirostris longirostris, 23 
rhodolaema, Anthreptes, 204 

Anthreptes rhodolaema, 204 
Rhopodytes tristis saliens, 58 
Rhyacornis fuliginosus tenuirostris, 163 
Rhyticeros leucocephalus corrugatus, 78 

plicatus subruficoUis, 78 

undulatus ticehursti, 78 

undulatus undulatus, 78 
richardi, Anthus, 197 

An thus novae-seelandiae, 197 
ricketti, Cryptolopha, 175 

Phylloscopus ricketti, 175 

Pteruthius flaviscapis, 153 

Pterythius, 153 
rileyi, Myophonus caeruleus, 166 
Riparia paludicola chinensis, 100 

riparia ijimae, 100 
ripleyi. Pitta guajana, 99 

Pitta irena, 99 
ripponi, Liocichla, 152 

Pericrocotus ethologus, 108 

Pericrocotus Solaris, 108 

Pomatorhinus, 139 

Trochalopterum, 152 
robinsoni, CoUocalia lowi, 66 

Gecinulus grantia, 90 

Gecinulus viridis, 90 

Pycnonotus, 117 
robusta, Arachnothera, 209 

Arachnothera robusta, 209 
rodolphei, Stachyris, 143 
rogersi, CoUocalia brevirostris, 67 

Yuhina flavicoUis, 155 
RoUulus rouloul, 25 
roseata, Pyrrhula, 219 
roseatus, Carpodacus erythrinus, 219 
roseus, Pericrocotus roseus, 107 
Rostratula benghalensis benghalensis, 32 
rostratum, Trichastoma, 137 

Trichastoma rostratum, 137 
rothschildi, Hemichelidon sibirica, 183 

Muscicapa sibirica, 183 
rouloul, RoUulus, 25 
Rouloul, subg., 25 
rubiginosus, Blythipicus rubiginosus, 93 

Hemicircus, 93 



r 



INDEX 



255 



rubro-limbatus, Pericrocotus, 108 

Pericrocotus solans, 108 
rubropj^gium, Dicaeum trigonostigma, 

212 
rufa, Lophura ignita, 26 
rufescens, Glaucidium cuculoides, 62 
rufescentior, Malacocincla abbotti, 138 
rufficapillus, Enicurus, 163 
ruficeps, Edela, 178 
ruficeps, Orthotomus ruficeps, 178 
ruficollis, Calidris, 40 

Pernis, 15 

Pernis ptilorhyncus, 15 

Trynga, 40 
rufidorsa, Ceyx, 72 
rufidorsus, Ceyx rufidorsus, 72 
rufifrons, Stachyris, 143 

Stachyris rufifrons, 143 
rufilata, Hemichelidon, 184 

Muscicapa, 184 
rufilatus, Nemura, 161 

Tarsiger cyanurus, 161 
rufulus, x\nthus, 197 

Anthus novae-seelandiae, 197 
rufus, Phasianus, 26 
rupicola, Muscicapa, 175 
rusticola, Scolopax, 40 

Scolopax rusticola, 40 
rutila, Emberiza, 219 

sababensis, Terpsiphone, 193 
sacerdos, Pericrocotus cinnamomeus, 
107 

Pericrocotus peregrinus, 107 
sacra, Ardea, 7 

Egretta sacra, 7 
sagittatus, Ephialtes, 60 

Otus, 60 
sakaiorum, Abrornis, 171 

Abroscopus superciliaris, 171 
sakeratensis, Crypsirina vagabunda, 130 

Dendrocitta rufa, 130 
salangensis, Dicrurus leucogenys, 124 

Dicrurus leucophaeus, 124 
salanger, Criniger, 119 
Salicaria turdina orientalis, 176 
saliens, Phaenicophaeus tristis, 58 

Rhopodytes tristis, 58 
saraburiensis, Macronous gularis, 146 

Macronus gularis, 146 
Sarkidiornis melanotos, 13 
Saroglossa spilopterus, 200 



Sasia abnormis abnormis, 34 

ochracea hasbroucki, 84 

ochracea querulivox, 84 

ochracea reichenowi, 84 
saturata, Coracina melaschista, 105 

Heterophasia annectens, 158 

Leioptila, 158 

Upupa epops, 76 

Volvocivora, 105 
saturatior, Crypsirina vagabunda, 130 

Denrocitta vagabunda, 130 

Sitta frontalis, 134 

Sylviparus, 133 

Sylviparus modestus, 133 

Tchitrea affinis, 194 

Terpsiphone paradisi, 194 
saturatus, Cuculus, 55 

Cuculus saturatus, 55 
saularis, Copsychus saularis, 161 

Gracula, 161 
saundersi, Sterna, 45 

Sterna albifrons, 45 
Saxicola cap rata burmanica, 164 

ferrea, 165 

olivea, 181 

torquata maura, 164 

torquata yunnanensis, 164 
Scaeorhynchus gularis transfluvialis, 159 
schach, Lanius, 200 
schaferi, Charadrius mongolus, 35 
schauenseei, Garrulax monilegerus, 149 

Garrulax moniliger, 149 

Pteruthius flaviscapis, 153 

Pycnonotus aurigaster, 115 

Pycnonotus cafer, 115 
schistaceus, Enicurus, 163 

Garrulax erythrocephalus, 151 

Motacilla, 163 
Schoeniparus rufigularis major, 156 

rufogularis khmerensis, 156 
schomburgki, Lanius nigriceps, 200 
schwarzi, Phylloscopus, 172 

Sylvia, 172 
Scolopax cinerea, 38 

erythropus, 36 

falcinellus, 41 

gallinago, 39 

lapponica, 36 

minima, 40 

phaeopus, 35 

rusticola, 40 



256 



U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 2 26 



Scolopax — Continued 

rusticola rusticola, 40 
stenura, 39 

totanus, 36 
Scops lettia, 61 

stictonotus, 60 
scutulata, Anas, 13 

Cairina, 13 

Ninox scutulata, 63 

Strix, 63 
seheriae, Aethopyga siparaja, 207 

Necterinia, 207 
Seicercus burkii distinctus, 170 

burkii tephrocephalus, 170 

castaniceps collinsi, 170 

castaniceps youngi, 170 

poliogenys, 170 
seimundi Sphenocercus, 46 

Treron seimundi, 46 
selo-puto, Strix, 63 

Strix selo-puto, 63 
semipalmatus, Macrorhamphus, 39 

Pseudoscolopax, 39 
semiruber, Pericrocotus flammeus, 109 

Pericrocotus speciosus, 109 
separabile, Dicaeum agile, 211 
separatus, Pericrocotus cinnamomeus, 
107 

Pericrocotus peregrinus, 107 
septentrionalis, Chloropsis cyanopogon, 
110 

Prionochilus maculatus, 210 
sepulcralis, Cacomantis variolosus, 56 

Cuculus, 56 
Serilophus lunatus aphobus, 96 

lunatus lunatus, 96 

lunatus stolidus, 96 
seri-thai, Chloropsis cochinchinensis, 

112 
severus, Falco, 22 

Falco severus, 22 
shanensis, Bradypterus thoracicus, 182 

Certhia discolor, 134 

Tribura thoracica, 182 
sharpei, Garrulax milnei, 152 

Trochalopterum, 152 
sharpii, Grus, 29 

Grus antigone, 29 
siamense, Dicaeum cruentatum, 212 
siamensis, Acridotheres, 202 

Alseonax, 184 

Coracina novaehollandiae, 106 

Cymbirhynchus macrorhynchos, 95 



siamensis — Continued 

Graucalus macei, 106 

Lanius hypoleucus, 199 

Muscicapa latirostris 184 

Otus luciae, 60 

Otus spilocephalus, 60 

Palaeornis eupatria, 52 

Psittacula eupatria, 52 

Sitta auto-sitta, 134 

Zosterops, 214 

Zosterops palpebrosa, 214 
Sibia melanoleuca, 158 

picaoides cana, 158 
sibirica, Limicola, 41 

Limicola falcinellus, 41 

Muscicapa, 183 

Muscicapa sibirica, 183 

Zoothera sibirica, 167 
sibiricus, Turdus, 167 
sikkimensis, Irena puella, 128 
simplex, Anthreptes, 203 

Nectarinia, 203 

Picnonotus, 117 

Pycnonotus simplex, 117 

Zosterops, 214 

Zosterops japonica, 214 
simulator, HyiDsipetes propinquus, 120 

Microscelis charlottae, 117 
sinense, Chrysomma sinense, 148 
sinensis, Anthus novae-seelandiae, 197 

Ardea, 8 

Corydalla, 197 

Dendrocitta, 130 

Haringtonia perniger, 122 

Hypsipetes madagascariensis, 122 

Ixobrychus, 8 

Lonchura malacca, 218 

Monticola runventris, 165 

Munia, 218 

Oriolus, 201 

Parus, 148 

Pelecanus, 4 

Phalacrocorax carbo, 4 

Sterna, 45 

Sterna albifrons, 45 

Sturnus, 201 
singularis, Phaenicophaeus curvirostris, 
58 

Rhaniphococcyx curvirostris, 58 
siparaja, Aethopyga siparaja, 208 

Certhia, 208 



INDEX 



257 



Siphia hodgsonii, 186 

strophiata, 185 

strophiata asema, 185 

sumatrensis, 191 
Sitta auto-sitta siamensis, 134 

castanea tonkinensis, 133 

europaea delacouri, 133 

europaea neglecta, 134 

europaea tonkinensis, 133 

frontalis, 134 

frontalis frontalis, 134 

frontalis saturatior, 134 

magna, 134 

magna magna, 134 

neglecta, 134 
Siva castanicauda, 154 

sordida, 154 

sordidior, 154 

torqueola, 155 

wingatei, 154 
smithi, Niltava, 188 

Pellorneum, 136 

Pellorneum ruficeps, 136 

Timalia pileata, 147 
socia, Oreocincla dauma, 168 

Zoothera dauma, 168 
soloensis, Accipiter, 16 

Falco, 16 
sonneratii, Cacomantis sonneratii, 55 

Cuculus, 55 
sordida, Arachnothera longirostra, 208 

Arachnothera longirostris, 208 

Cyanoderma erythropterum, 146 

Herpornis xantholeuca, 155 

Minla cyanouroptera, 154 

Siva, 154 

Yuhina zantholeuca, 155 
sordidior, Minla cyanouroptera, 154 

Siva, 154 
sordidus, Criniger, 119 

Criniger ochraceus, 119 

Dendrocopus, 93 

Hemicircus concretus, 93 
soror. Pitta, 97 

Pitta soror, 97 
spadicea, Coturnix, 26 
spadiceus, Gallus gallus, 26 
spadix, Stachyris nigriceps, 144 
sparverioides, Cuculus, 54 

Cuculus sparverioides, 54 
speciosa, Ardea, 6 

Ardeola ralloides, 6 



Sphenocercus pseudo-crocopus, 48 

seimundi, 46 
sphenura, Treron sphenura, 46 

Vinago, 46 
Sphenurus seboldi murielae, 47 
spilonotus. Circus, 20 

Circus aeruginosus, 20 
spilopterus, Lamprotornis, 200 

Saroglossa, 200 
Spilornis cheela burmanicus, 20 

cheela flower i, 21 

cheela malayensis, 21 
Spizaetus alboniger, 18 

cirrhatus limnaeetus, 17 

nanus, 18 

nanus nanus, 18 

nipalensis nipalensis, 18 
Spizixos canifrons ingrami, 112 
squameiceps, Cettia, 181 

Tribura, 181 
squamigularis, Micropternus brachyu- 
rus 85 

Picus, 85 
squatarola, Charadrius, 33 

Tringa, 33 
Stachyridopsis sulphurea, 146 
Stachyris ambigua adjuncta, 143 

chrysaea assimilis, 144 

chrysaea aurata, 144 

chrysaea chrysops, 144 

chrysops, 144 

davisoni, 144 

erythroptera erythroptera, 146 

leucotis leucotis, 145 

maculata maculata, 145 

nigriceps davisoni, 144 

nigriceps dipora, 144 

nigriceps spadix, 144 

nigriceps yunnanensis, 144 

nigricollis, 146 

poliocephala, 145 

rodolphei, 143 

rufifrons, 143 

rufifrons adjuncta, 143 

rufifrons obscura, 143 

rufifrons rufifrons, 143 

striolata guttata, 145 

striolata helenae, 145 

striolata nigrescentior, 145 
Stactocicha, subg., 151 
stagnatilis, Totanus, 37 

Tringa, 37 



258 



U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 2 26 



Stanford!, Hirundo daurica, 102 

Hirundo striolata, 102 
stellae, Anthreptes singalensis, 204 

Harpactes oreskios, 70 
stellaris, Ardea, 9 

Botaurus stellaris, 9 
stellatus, Batrachostoraus, 64 
stenura, Capella, 39 

Scolopax, 39 
Stercorarius pomarinus, 43 
Sterna acuticauda, 45 

albifrons saundersi, 45 

albifrons sinensis, 45 

anaethetus, 45 

anaethetus anaethetus, 45 

aurantia, 44 

bergii cristata, 45 

bergii velox, 45 

caspia, 44 

cristata, 45 

dougallii bangsi, 44 

fuscata nubilosa, 45 

hirundo tibetana, 44 

javanica, 43 

leucoptera, 43 

nilotica, 44 

nubilosa, 45 

pileata, 46 

saundersi, 45 

sinensis, 45 

sumatrana, 44 

sumatrana sumatrana, 44 

tibetana, 44 

velox, 45 

zimmermanni, 46 
stertens, Tyto alba, 59 
stictonotus, Otus scops, 60 

Scops, 60 
stolidus, Serilophus lunatus, 96 
stonei, Myiophoneus, 166 
Strachyrhis assimilis, 144 
strepitans, Garrulax, 150 

Garrulax strepitans, 150 
Streptopelia chinensis tigrina, 51 

chinensis vacillans, 51 

orientalis agricola, 51 

orientalis Ihasae, 50 

tranquebarica humilis, 51 
etresemanni, Hypsipetes madagascari- 
ensis, 122 

Microscelis leucocephalus, 122 



striata, Columba, 51 

Geopelia striata, 51 

Graminicola, 177 

Graminicola bengalensis, 177 

Kenopia, 141 

Lalage nigra, 106 

Timalia, 141 

Yuhina castaniceps, 154 
striatus, Ixulus, 154 
striga, Ceblepyris, 106 
strigatus, Aplonis panayensis, 200 

Turdus, 200 
Strix badia, 60 

flammea, 64 

leptogrammica laotiana, 63 

leptogrammica maingayi, 64 

leschenault, 61 

newarensis laotianus, 63 

scutulata, 63 

selo-puto, 63 

selo-puto selo-puto, 63 
strophiata, Muscicapa strophiata, 185 

Siphia, 185 
stuarti, Garrulax monilegerus, 148 

Garrulax moniliger, 148 

Megalainaa australis, 82 

Mesobucco duvauceli, 82 
Sturnia incognita, 202 

nemoricola, 201 
sturnina, Gracula, 201 
sturninus, Sturnus, 201 
Sturnopastor floweri, 201 
Sturnus burmannicus leucocephalus, 202 

contra floweri 201 

javanicus grandis, 202 

mahrattensis torquatus, 202 

malabaricus nemoricola, 201 

nigricollis, 201 

sinensis, 201 

sturninus, 201 

tristis tristis, 202 

zeylanicus, 112 
subaffinis, Phylloscopus, 172 

Phylloscopus subafFiuis, 172 
subconnectens, Garrulax erythrocepha- 

lus, 151 
subfurcatus, Apus affinis, 68 

Cypselus, 68 
subfusa, Garrulax pectoralis, 149 
subfusus, Garrulax pectoralis, 149 
subminuta, Calidris, 41 

Tringa, 41 



INDEX 



259 



submoniliger, Anthipes, 186 

Muscicapa solitaris, 186 
subochraceum, Pellorneum, 136 

Pellorneum ruficeps, 136 
subruficollis, Buceros, 78 

Rhyticeros plicatus, 78 
subsessor, Mirafra assamica, 99 
subsquamicollis, Lonchura striata, 217 

Uroloncha striata, 217 
substriolata, Lillia, 101 
subviridis, Parus, 132 

Parus xanthogenys, 132 
suchitrae, Pericrocotus flammeus, 109 
Sula leucogaster plotus, 3 
Bulphurea, Gerygone, 171 

Gerygone fusca, 171 

Stachyridopsis, 146 
sulphureus, Macronous gularis, 146 
sultanea, Melanochlora sultanea, 133 
sultaneus, Parus, 133 
sumatrana, Ardea, 5 

Sterna, 44 

Sterna sumatrana, 44 
sumatranus. Bubo sumatranus, 61 

Coracias, 95 

Corydon sumatranus, 95 

Cuculus, 57 

Harpactes diardii, 69 

Phaenocophaeus sumatranus, 57 
sumatrensis, Ceblepyris, 106 

Coracina striata, 106 

Muscicapa tickelliae, 191 

Siphia, 191 
superciliaris, Abrornis, 171 

Abroscopus superciliaris, 171 
superciliosus, Lanius, 199 

Lanius cristatus, 199 
Surniculus lugubris barussarum, 57 

lugubris dicruroides, 57 
Suthora feae, 159 

thompsoni, 159 
Suya crinigera, 180 

crinigera cooki, 180 

erythropleura, 180 
svecica, Motacilla, 161 
svecicus, Erithacus svecicus, 161 
syama, Aviceda leuphotes, 14 

Baza, 14 
sylvatica, Columba, 49 

Ducula aenea, 49 
Sylvia lanceolata, 176 

schwarzi, 172 



Sylviparus modestus saturatior, 133 

saturatior, 133 
Syrmaticus humiae burmannicus, 27 
Syrnium maingayi, 64 

Tadorna ferruginea, 11 

tahanensis, Leiothrix argentauris, 152 

Mesia argentauris, 152 

Zosterops, 215 

Zosterops everetti, 215 
taivana, Budytes, 196 

Motacilla flava, 196 
Tantalus melanocephalus, 10 

variegatus, 35 
tardinata, Malacocincla sepiaria, 137 
tardinatum, Trichastoma sepiarium, 137 
Tarsiger cyanurus rufilatus, 161 

cyanurus ussuriensis, 161 
Tchitrea affinis indochinensis, 194 

affinis saturatior, 194 
tectirostris, Bhringa, 125 

Dicrurus remifer, 125 
telmatophila, Rallina, 30 

Rallina eurizonoides, 30 
temia, Crypsirina, 131 
temminckii, Aethopyga mystacalis, 208 

Calidris, 40 

Myophonus, 166 

Myophonus caeruleus, 166 

Nectarinia, 208 
Temminckii, Tringa, 40 
templorum, Parus major, 132 
tenebrosus, Dendrocopos cathpharius, 91 

Dryobates cathpharius, 91 
tenellipes, Phylloscopus, 174 
tenuirostris, Calidris, 40 

Chimarrornis fuliginosa, 163 

Cuculus, 56 

Gyps, 20 

Gyps indicus, 20 

Oriolus, 127 

Oriolus tenuirostris, 127 

Polyphasia, 55 

Rhyacornis fuliginosus, 163 

Totanus, 40 
tephrocephalus, Culicipeta, 170 

Seicercus burkii, 170 
Tephrodornis gularis jugans, 104 

gularis mekongensis, 104 

pelvica annectens, 104 

pelvica fretensis, 104 

pelvicus verneyi, 104 

pondicerianus pondicerianus, 103 



260 



U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 226 



Tephrodornis — Continued 
pondicerianus thai, 103 
virgatus annectens, 104 
virgatus fretensis, 104 
virgatus jugans, 104 
virgatus mekongensis, 104 
virgatus vcrnayi, 104 
tcphrogenys, Criniger bres, 119 

Trichophorus, 119 
tephronotus, CoUurio, 199 

Lanius, 199 
Terpsiphone atrocaudata atrocaudata, 
193 
paradisi incei, 194 
paradisi indochinensis, 194 
paradisi saturatior, 194 
sababensis, 193 
Tesia olivea, 181 
Tetrao chinensis, 23 
thai, Dicrurus adsimilis, 123 
Dicrurus macrocercus, 123 
Pericrocotus cinnamomeus, 107 
Pericrocotus peregrinus, 107 
Tephrodornis pondicerianus, 103 
Turnix suscitator, 28 
thaiacous, Oriolus luteolus, 127 
thais, Molpastes aurigaster, 115 
Orthotomus cuculatus, 179 
Pliyllergates cucullatus, 179 
Pycnonotus aurigaster, 115 
thalassina, Hypothymis, 184 
Muscicapa, 184 
Muscicapa thalassina, 184 
thalassoides, Glaucomyias, 184 
Muscicapa thalassina, 184 
Thereiceryx flavostrictus praetermissus, 

80 
theresiae, Coracias affinis, 75 
thompsoni, Cerasophila, 123 
Hypsipetes, 123 
Paradoxornis davidianus, 159 
Suthora, 159 
thoracica, Dumeticola, 182 
thoracicus, Bradypterus thoracicus, 182 
Pardalotus, 210 
Prionochilus, 210 
threnodes, Cacomantis, 56 

Cacomantis merulinus, 56 
Threskiornis melanocephalus, 10 
tibetana. Sterna, 44 

sterna hirundo, 44 
ticehursti, Bradypterus luteovenlris, 182 
Rhyticeros undulatus, 78 



tickelh, Arboricola, 23 

Arborophihi rufogularis, 23 

Buceros, 77 

Hypsipetes mcclellandii, 121 

Hypsipetes, 121 

Pellornium, 137 

Pomatorhinus, 140 

Pomatorhinus hypoleucos, 140 

Ptilolaemus tickelli, 77 

Trichastoma tickelli, 137 
Tiga, subg., 89 
tigrina, Columba, 51 

Streptopelia chinensis, 51 
tigrinus, Lanius, 199 
Timalia erythroptera, 146 

jerdoni, 148 

maculata, 145 

nigricollis, 146 

pileata dictator, 148 

pileata intermedia, 148 

pileata jerdoni, 148 

pileata patriciae, 148 

pileata smithi, 147 

poliocephala, 145 

striata, 141 
tinnunculus, Falco, 22 

Falco tinnunculus, 22 
toklao, Megalurus palustris, 177 

Turdus, 177 
tonkinensis, Sitta castanea, 133 

Sitta europaea, 133 
topela, Lonchura punctulata, 217 

Munia, 217 
Torgus calvus, 19 
Toria nipalensis, 47 
torquata, Pernis, 15 
torquatus, Acridotheres, 202 

Gampsorhynchus, 153 

Gampsorhynchus rufulus, 153 

Pernis ptilorhyncus, 15 

Sturnus mahrattensis, 202 
torqueola, Siva, 155 

Yuhina castaniceps, 155 
totanus, Scolopax, 36 

Tringa totanus, 36 
Totanus brevipes, 38 

guttifer, 37 

stagnatilis, 37 

tenuirostris, 40 
traillii, Oriolus traillii, 128 
Pastor, 128 



i 



INDEX 



261 



trangensis, Aethopyga siparaja, 208 

Cyanops franklini, 81 

Megalaima franklinii, 81 
transfluvialis, Paradoxornis gularis, 159 

Scaeorhynchus gularis, 159 
Treron apicauda, 46 

apicauda apicauda, 46 

bicincta bicincta, 48 

bisincta praetermissa, 48 

capellei magnirostris, 48 

curvirostra chaseni, 47 

curvirostra nipalensis, 47 

fulvicoUis fulvicollis, 47 

griseicapilla, 48 

magnirostris, 48 

olax, 47 

phoenicoptera annamensis, 49 

phoenicoptera pseudo-crocopus, 48 

phoenicoptera viridifrons, 48 

pompadora phayrei, 47 

seimundi seimundi, 46 

sieboldii murielae, 47 

sphenura sphenura, 46 

vernans griseicapilla, 48 

viridifrons, 48 
Tribura idonea, 182 

squameiceps, 181 

thoracica shanensis, 182 
Trichastoma abbotti abbotti, 138 

abbotti obscurius, 138 

abbotti olivaceum, 138 

abbotti williamsoni, 138 

affine, 139 

bicolor, 137 

malaccense malaccense, 137 

rostratum, 137 

rostratum rostratum, 137 

sepiarium tardinatum, 137 

tickelli fulvum, 137 

tickelli tickelli, 137 
Trichixos, subg., 119 
Trichometopus brevirostris, 126 
Trichophorus tephrogenys, 119 
Trichostoma umbratile, 183 
tricolor, Lanius, 200 

Lanius nasutus, 200 
trigonostigma, Dicaeum trigonostigma, 

212 
Tringa canutus, 40 

chirurgus, 32 

erythropus, 36 

ferrugineus, 41 

glareola, 37 



Tringa — Continued 

guttifer, 37 

hypoleucos, 38 

interpres, 38 

nebularia, 37 

ocrophus, 37 

pugnax, 41 

sqviatarola, 33 

stagnatilis, 37 

subminuta, 41 

temminckii, 40 

totanus eurhina, 36 

totanus totanus, 36 
Tripsurus auritus, 93 
tristis, Paradisea, 202 

Sturnus tristis, 202 
Trochalopteron phoeniceum bakeri, 148 
Trochalopterum meridionale. 149 

peninsulae, 150, 151 

ripponi, 152 

sharpei, 152 
trochiloides, Acanthiza, 174 

Phylloscopus trochiloides, 174 
Trogon duvaucelii, 70 

erythrocephalus, 70 
Tropicoperdix chloropus, 24 
Trynga ruficollis, 40 
tschebaiewi. Calliope, 160 

Erithacus pectoralis, 160 
tukki, Meiglyptes tukki, 90 

Picus, 90 
Turdinulus davisoni, 142 

granti, 142 
Turdinus brevicaudatus, 142 

crispifrons, 141 

guttatus, 145 

macrodactylus bakeri, 141 
Turdus boulboul yaoschanensis, 169 

dauma, 168 

dissimilis, 169 

dissimilis dissimilis, 169 

interpres, 167 

moluccensis, 98 

obscurus, 169 

obscurus obscurus, 169 

philippensis, 166 

sibiricus, 167 

strigatus, 200 

toklao, 177 

va rius 1 68 



262 



U.S. NATIONAL MUSEUM BULLETIN 226 



Turnix blanfordii, 28 

suscitator atrogularis, 28 
suscitator blakistoni, 28 
suscitator interrumpens, 28 
suscitator thai, 28 
sylvatica mikado, 28 
tanki blanfordii, 28 

Turtur Ihasae, 50 

tusalia, Columba, 50 

Macropygia unchall, 50 

tyrannulus, Herpornis, 155 
Yuhina zantholeuca, 155 

tytleri, Hirundo, 101 

Hirundo rustica, 101 

Tyto alba stertens, 59 

ubonense, Pellorneum ruficeps, 135 
umbratile, Trichostoma, 183 
umbratilis, Rhinomyias, 183 
undulatus, Buceros, 76 

Rhyticeros undulatus, 78 
unicolor, Cyornis, 189 

Muscicapa unicolor, 189 
uniformis, Harpactes oreskios, 70 

Pyrotrogon oreskios, 70 
Upupa epops longirostris, 76 

epops saturata, 76 

longirostris, 76 
Uroloncha acuticauda lepidota, 217 

striata subsquamicollis, 217 
Urosphena laurentei, 181 
ussuriensis, Tarsiger cyanurus, 161 

vacillans, Streptopelia chinensis, 51 
vagans, Cuculus, 54 
vandepoUi, Pachycephala, 194 

Pachycephala cinerea, 194 
Vanellus cinereus, 33 

duvaucelii, 33 

indicus atronuchalis, 33 
vantynei, Pycnonotus dispar, 113 

Pycnonotus melanicterus, 113 
varia, Zoothera dauma, 168 
variegatus, Numenius phaeopus, 35 

Tantalus, 35 
varius, Cuculus, 54 

Turdus, 168 
velox. Sterna, 45 

Sterna bergii, 45 
vernalis, Loriculus vernalis, 53 

Psittacus, 53 
vernayi, Hirundo daurica, 102 

Tephrodornis virgatus, 104 



verneyi, Tephrodornis pelvicus, 104 
verreauxii, Alcedo, 71 

Alcedo meninting, 71 
vicina, Zosterops palpebrosa, 214 
vigil, Buceros, 79 

Rhinoplax, 79 
Vinago bicincta, 48 

sphenura, 46 
vindhiana, Aquila, 18 

Aquila rapax, 18 
virens, Bucco, 80 

Megalaima virens, 80 
viridanus, Picus, 86 

Picus vittatus, 86 
viridescens, Hypsipetes viridescens, 120 

lole, 120 
viridifrons, Treron, 48 

Treron phoenicoptera, 48 
viridis, Caloptomena, 97 

Caloptomena viridis, 97 

Cochoa, 164 

Gecinulus, 89 

Gecinulus grantia, 89 

Merops, 75 

Merops viridis, 75 

Porphyrio, 31 

Porphyrio viridis, 31 
viridissima, Aegithina viridissima, 109 

Jora, 109 
vivida, Xanthiscus flavescens, 116 
vividus, Perecrocotus peregrinus, 107 

Pericrocotus cinnamomeus, 107 

Pycnonotus flavescens, 116 
vociferus, Elanus coeruleus, 13 

Falco, 13 
Volvocivora intermedia, 105 

melaschistos, 105 

neglecta, 105 

saturata, 105 
Vultur bengalensis, 20 

calvus, 19 

webberi, Ixidia, 114 
weberi, Gecinus, 86 

Picus vittatus, 86 

Pycnonotus squamatus, 114 
westermani, Muscicapa westermani, 187 
westermanni, Muscicapula, 187 
wetmorci, Zosterops atricapilla, 215 

Zosterops everetti, 215 
whitei, Cyornis, 190 

Muscicapa banyumas, 190 
williaminae, Niltava, 188 



I 



INDEX 



263 



williamsoni, Malacocincla abbotti, 138 
Micropternus brachyurus, 85 
Mirafra cantillans, 100 
Mirafra javanica, 100 
Muscicapa, 184 
Ploceus manyar, 216 
Trichastoma abbotti, 138 
Zosterops palpebrosa, 214 

wingatei, Minla cyanouroptera, 154 
Siva, 154 

wrayi, Brachypteryx, 160 

Brachypteryx leucophrys, 160 

Xanthiscus flavescens vivida, 116 
xanthops, Pycnonotus dispar, 113 

Pycnonotus melanicterus, 113 
xanthopygius, Chrysocolaptes, 94 

Chrysocolaptes validus, 94 
xanthonotus, Oriolus, 127 

Oriolus xanthonotus, 127 
xanthornus, Coracias, 127 

Oriolus xanthornus, 127 
Xenorhynchus asiaticus, 10 
Xenus cinereus, 38 

yaoschanensis, Turdus boulboul, 169 

youngi, Cryptolopha, 170 

Seicercus castaniceps, 170 

Yuhina castaniceps striata, 154 
castaniceps torqueola, 155 
flavicollis rogersi, 155 
zantholeuca canescens, 155 
zantholeuca interposita, 156 
zantholeuca sordida, 155 
zantholeuca tyrannulus, 155 
zantholeuca zantholeuca, 155 

yunnanensis, Anthus hodgsoni, 197 
Anthus maculatus, 197 
Pratincola torquata, 164 
Saxicola torquata, 164 



yunnanensis — Continued 
Stachyris nigriceps, 144 

Zanclostomus javanicus palUdus, 58 
zantholeuca, Erpornis, 155 

Yuhina zantholeuca, 155 
zanthopygia, Muscicapa, 185 
zeylanicus, Pycnonotus, 112 

Sturnus, 112 
zimmerraanni. Sterna, 46 
Zoothera citrina gibson-hilli, 168 

citrina innotata, 167 

dixoni, 178 

dauma affinis, 169 

dauma dauma, 168 

dauma socia, 168 

dauma varia, 168 

interpres interpres, 167 

marginata, 169 

sibirica sibirica, 167 
zosterops, Chloropsis, 111 

Chloropsis sonnerati, 111 
Zosterops atricapilla wetmorei, 215 

aureiventer joannae, 214 

auriventer, 214 

erythropleura, 213 

erythropleurus, 213 

everetti tahanensis, 215 

everetti wetmorei, 215 

japonica simplex, 214 

mesoxantha, 214 

palpebrosa auriventer, 214 

palpebrosa joannae, 214 

palpebrosa siamensis, 214 

palpebrosa vicina, 214 

palpebrosa williamsoni, 214 

siamensis, 214 

simplex, 214 

tahanensis, 215 



o