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NEW-YORK HISTORICAL SOCIETY, 



PUBLICATION FUND. 



XVIII. 




COMMITTEE ON PUBLICATIONS, 



EDWARD F. I)E LANCEY. 
GEORGE H. MOORE. 
WILLIAM LIBBEY. 



COLLECTIONS 



OF THE 



NEW-YORK HISTORICAL SOCIETY 



FOR THE YEAR 



1885. 



PUBLICATION FUND SERIES. 



NEW YORK: 
PRINTED FOR THE SOCIETY 

MDCCCLXXXVI. 



116 



^ 



CONTENTS. 



PACE 

I. THE BURGHER RIGHT OF NEW AMSTERDAM i 
H. ROLL OF FREEMEN OF NEW YORK CITY, 1675- 

1866 .......... 39 

HL APPENDIX TO ROLL OF FREEMEN, 1695- 1774 . 447 

IV. INDENTURES OF APPRENTICESHIP, 1694-1708 . 565 

V. INDEX 625 



OFFICERS OF THE SoCIETY, 1 886. 



-4-^K 



PRESIDENT, 

HENJAMIN H. FIELD 



FIRST VICE-PRESIDENT, 

HAMILTON FISH, LL.D. 



SECOND VICE-PRESIDENT, 

JOHN A. WEEKES. 



FOREIGN CORRESPONDING SECRETARY, 

WILLIAM M. EVARTS, LL.D. 



DOMESTIC CORRESPONDING SECRETARY, 

EDWARD F. DE LANCEY 



RECORDING SECRETARY, 

ANDREW WARNER 



TREASURER, 

ROBERT sen ELL 



LIBRARIAN, 

J A C O H B A I L E Y MOORE. 



EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE. 



FIRST CLASS FOR ONE YEAR. 



JOHN TAYLOR JOHNSTON, ROBERT LENOX KENNEDY, 

JOHN C BARRON, M.D. 



SECOND CLASS FOR TWO YEARS. 



BENJAMIN H. FIELD, WILLIAM DOWD, 

GEORGE H. MOORE, LL,D. 



THIRD CLASS FOR THREE YEARS. 



JOHN A. WEEKES, WILLIAM LIBBEY, 

ROYAL PHELPS. 



FOURTH CLASS— FOR FOUR YEARS. 

EDWARD F. DE LANCEY, DANIEL PARISH, Jr. 

WILLARD PARKER, Jr., M.D. 

JOHN A. WEEKES, Chairman, 
JACOB B. MOORE, Secretary, 

[The President, Recording Secretary, Treasurer, and Librarian, are 
members, ex officio^ of the Executive Committee.] 



COMMITTEE ON THE FINE ARTS. 

ASHER B. DURAND, DANIEL HUNTINGTON, 

ANDREW WARNER, CEPHAS G. THOMPSON, 

JOHN A. WEEKES, GEORGE H. MOORp; LL.D. 

ASHER B. DURAND, Chairman. 
ANDREW WARNER, Secretary. 

[The President, Librarian, and Chairman of the Executive Com- 
mittee, are members, ex officio, of the Committee on the Fine Arts.] 



THE BURGHERS 



OF NEW AMSTERDAM 



AND 



THE FREEMEN 



OF NEW YORK. 



1675 1866. 



PREFATORY NOTE. 



THE " Freedom '' of a city is the right of enjoying 
all the privileges a7id i^nmunities belonging to ity to the 
exclusion of all wlw are not ''Freemen.'' In cities y 
municipal corporationSy and boroughs, it 7uas obtainedy 
either by serving an apprenticeship for a certain tifnCy 
or by the payment of money in such afnounts as were 
fixed by the corporate authorities under their char- 
ters; and it was also coiiferredy in their discretiofiy by 
a votCy as a municipal complimoit or hoiior. 

In Hollandy and ifi England^ or rather in Great 
Britainy in former daySy the ''Freedom of a city I' or 
other corporation was a most vahiable and importa^it 
privilege and monopoly. For no7ie but its possessors 
could practice trades y or do any mercantile busifiess iit 
the place y possess the right of stiff r age y or be eligible to 
election to public ojfficCy or other civic honors. 

In Holland it was termed " Burgher Recht," or 
Burgher Rig lit y and was of two classeSy " Great Bur- 
gher Right^^ and " S^nall Burgher Right,' according 
to the amou7its of money paid a?id privileges granted. 
The Great Burgher Right was also co7ifcrredy ex-offi- 
cio, 7ipon the magistrates, the Dutch clergy, and the 
high civil, afid military y officers of the city or state. As 
such it was established afid existed under the Dutch 
gover7ime7it in New A77istcrda77i i7i Nczo Ncthcrla7id. 

When the E7iglish succeeded the Dutch iji that prov- 
ince, the E7iglish for 771 was established t here i 71, by the 
English charters of the city of Neio Yorky U7ider the 



X PREFATORY NOTE. 

clauses granting the privilege of con/erring the ** Free- 
dom of the City " upon such terms and copiditions as its 
corporate authorities might fix. 

This volume contains for the first tim^e all tlie offi- 
cial Dutch and English Records now remaifiing relat- 
ing to this subject, arranged tmder four heads: — 
I. The Burgher Right. 

II. The Roll of Freeman. 

III. Appendix to the Roll of Freemen. 

IV. Indentures of Apprenticeship, 1694 to 1708. 
Together with a very full IndeXy of the names of all 

the Burghers Great and Small, the Freemen of all 
classes, the officers and magistrates conferring the 
Rights and Freedoms, and of the documents relating to 
the same. 

Under the first head will be found the documents 
and official papers of the Director General and Coun- 
cil of New Amsterdam, and of the Burgomasters and 
Schepens, establishing the Great and Sffiall Burgher 
Rights in that city, with their respective privileges 
powers and duties. These are translated from the 
originals preserved in the City Records in the City 
Hall in New York, and i7i the Archives of the State 
i7t Albany ; the former translated, but not printed, by 
the late eminent archivist Edmu7id B. OCallaglmn, 
M.D., and the latter by his successor Mr. B. F. Fer- 
now. Every paper, document, and name, that has been 
preserved to this time relating to this subject, from the 
first movement for Burgher Rights in 1648 to the end 
of the Dutch domiftion, will, it is believed, be here found. 

The second head co7itains the ** Roll of Freemen " of 
the City of New York under its English charters, 
from i6y§ to iyy6, when that of ijjo was suspended, 
and the city ruled by the '"Military Courts of Police'^ 
established by the British Commanders-in-Chief ; and 
the continuation of the same from and after the re- 
vival of that charter in IJ84 and civic action under it. 
This ** Roll of Freemen " gives the names, occupatiofis, 
and employments, of the free i?i habitants of Neiv York 



PREFATORY NOTE. XI 

during the century preceding the Revolution, with the 
dates, and the Mayoralties, when, and under which, 
they were for the fi7'st time respectively made such 
** Freemen!' It is printed from the official Roll pre- 
served in the City Records, and is ift fact aft authentic, 
official directory of New York and New Yorkers dur- 
ing that period; and throtvs a strong clear light upon 
the persons, and social, and business, standing of those 
** Freemeft,'' many of whose descendants are among the 
citizens of New York at this day. 

In the ''Appendix to the Roll of Freemen,'' forming 
the third head above mentioned, are printed in full the 
names of all persons, officials, and others, who for 
any reason, during the period betzueen i6j^ and lyjO, 
were ** voted the Freedom of the City!' either as an 
ackfiowledgment of special services to the City, or as a 
municipal compliment and honor, ivith all the official 
proceedings in each instance. They are printed in full 
as recorded officially at their respective dates, and are 
of very great interest, and of importance to the correct 
under standiftg of New York history under the English 
Colonial rule. In consequence of their fulness and 
length it was deemed best to print them separately, 
rather than to break the continuity of the ** Roll of 
Freemen " by inserting them at their respective dates, 
as they appear in the volumes of the City Records. 

From iy8^ to 1816 when the creation of Freemen 
under the charter ceased, without any formal action, 
the Roll is contintied of 7iames occupations and dates 
as before. This has been a matter of diffictdty ozuing 
to the fact that the official roll between those dates has 
disappeared, and the information had to be collected 
from the official records of the Mayor's Court, the 
Court of Common Pleas, and the proceedings of the 
Common Council; a fact which has caused much delay 
in the issuing of this volume. In . this portion of the 
Roll, however, all the special, and complijuentary, elec- 
tions of Freemen are inserted at their respective dates 
in full with all the proceedings ifi each case. The 



IIH- 



Xll PREFATORY NOTE. 

printing at their dates of these papers in the cornpli- 
mentary elections last re/erred to was adopted , as from 
1816 down, the only elections of Freemen that have been 
made are purely of that character, the last being that 
of President Andrew Johnson in 1866, and it seemed 
best that they should appear chronologically. 

In 1804, after a fierce contest beginning in 1802, was 
passed an act of the Legislature which conferred the 
right of suffrage upon freeholders in the City, zuho 
ivere not freeme^i U7ider the charter, thus interfering 
with the chai^ters privileges. The contest greiu out of 
the Federal and Antifederal politics of the time and 
loas bitter. The letters and communications on both 
sides in the papers of the day, and the formal proceed- 
ifigs of the Legislature, and the act itself, have been 
reprifited under this head, as of great historic interest. 
The last Freemen zvcre chose 71 in 1815, si^ice which 
date none have been admitted. 

To be admitted as a ''Burgher'' ** Great " or 'Small,'' 
or as a ''Freeman," the applicant had to be chosen by 
the city authorities, take an oath of fidelity to the city, 
pay the prescribed fees, and be duly registered. The 
only exception ivas in the case of Apprentices who had 
served seven years. Hence, closely connected with the 
Freemeft under the charter, were their Apprentices, 
and the system ofbindifig them out then in vogue. For 
every apprentice upon duly attaining the end of his 
app7'ent ices hip tuas entitled to, and did become a " Free- 
man " without the payment of any fees, and able to 
practise his trade or occupation in the city, and vote, 
and be eligible to office therein. Registers of their 
indentures were required by law to be kept, in which 
these were recorded at length. In 1740, on the death 
of William Sharpas, the Clerk of the Common Council, 
among the volumes of records received by his successor 
from his ztn'dow, ipere four volumes of these Appren- 
ticeship Registers. They have never been mentioned by 
W7'iters on the City's history. And now only one of 
them is to be found among the Records at the City 



PREFATORY NOTE. Xlll 

HalL This covers from February i6()4 to January 
lyoS. It is here printed under the fourth head. These 
indentures varied a little, and one of each kind is 
printed in full for compariso7i. In all the other in- 
stances afi abstract of each only is given, but with the 
names and occupatio7is of the parties, and the dates in 
full. They are of great ifiterest, shozuing who and 
what the fuasters and mistresses were, and who were 
the City officials who passed upon each case ; and cast 
a bright light on the business and trade methods of 
New York U7ider William and Mary and Queen Anne, 

This volume will be of rare vahie to historical stu- 
dents and writers, as well as searchers in New York 
genealogies. 

For courteous facilities in its preparatio7i the thafiks 
of the Committee on Publicatio7is are due to the Clerk 
of the Common Council, Captain Francis J, Twomey, 
who for thirty-five years past has been in charge of 
the a7icient records of the City of New York, and their 
careful, intelligent, and ever -watchful guardian. 

EDWARD F, DE LANCE Y. 



THE BURGHER RIGHT. 



In Council at Fort Amsterdam the i8th. of September, 

1648. 

Whereas the Honorable Director General and Coun- 
cil have seen, and by experience remarked, that several 
of the Scotch Merchants and Petty Traders who from 
time to time come over in the ships from Fatherland, 
do and aim at nothing else than solely to spoil trade 
and business by their underselling ; they dispose of 
their goods with the utmost speed ; give 1 1 and 1 2 
guilders in loose Wampum for one Beaver, and when 
sold out go back again in the ships of the same year in 
which they come, without bestowing or conferring any 
benefit on the Country, all the burdens whereof, on the 
contrary, the inhabitants who own property must bear. 

Therefore, to prevent such destroyers of trade, it is 
judged proper and profitable for New Netherland and 
the inhabitants thereof, and it is Ordained, that hence- 
forth those Merchants, Scots and Petty Traders who 
come over in any ships from Patria with intention to 
trade here, either with Christians or Heathens, by the 
large and small measure, ell and weight, shall not be 
permitted to carry on any business in the least on shore 
here unless they take up their abode here in New 
Netherland three consecutive years, and in addition 
build in this city. New Amsterdam, a decent citizen 
dwelling, each according to his circumstances and 
means ; all Merchants and others who oblige them- 
selves to transact business in a citizen house and to 



2 THE BURGHER RIGHT. 

remain three years in the country shall be admitted, 
and none else, the Skipper or Merchant of his own or 
of his master's ship alone excepted, but these shall not 
be at liberty to keep any shop on shore. 

Thus done in the presence of the Honorable Director 
General, Mr. Dincklagen, Mr. La Montague, Briant 
Nuton and Paulus Leendersten, this i8th. of September, 
Anno 1648, New Amsterdam. 

State Archives, Albany, 



Directors of the West India Company to Director Gen- 
eral and Council, dated Amsterdam, 12th. March, 
1654. 

"• 

With regard to the Edict drawn up by you, that no 

Traders shall sell their merchandises by the small meas- 
ure, weight and ell, or convey them into the interior, 
unless they settle in the country with a decent house 
or bouwery, and reside there three consecutive years, 
we can well consider that such transient Traders are 
bringing by their extortion little profit to the inhabitants 
there ; but the remedy your Honors propose to prevent 
it, we judge to be impracticable, especially in the very 
beginning of a first-budding State, whose growth must 
be sought for in, and founded rather on, fostered and 
unlimited Freedoms, than on compulsory restrictions. 
For to desire to constrain people by obligation to pos- 
sess houses or lands, who often have thereunto neither 
opportunity nor inclination, is too disgusting, and to 
force them to reside, too servile and slavish ; yet, in 
order to benefit the inhabitants as much as possible, we 
have judged that it would be proper, and also less dan- 
gerous to the advancement of the State, to enact and 
resolve as follows, viz. : 

That henceforth no Traders coming over there shall 
be allowed to sell their goods as aforesaid, or to carry 
them inland, unless they keep an open store there. By 
this means, then, not only will extortions be in a great 
degree prevented there, but such Traders will also be 



THE BURGHER RIGHT. 3 

obliged to bear the ordinary and extraordinary taxes and 
contributions, the same as the rest of our inhabitants. 
Your Honors will therefore regulate yourselves accord- 
ingly. We will also warn you, before quitting this 
subject, not to enact, in future, any more such or simi- 
lar Ordinances or regulations, much less to publish 
them, before you shall have first received our instruc- 
tions thereon, as we find such to be for the greatest 
advantage of the Company and this State in particular. 

State Arc hives f Albany. 

At a meeting of the Burgomasters and Schepens, held 

22d. January, i657. 

The Honorable President submits a certain draft of a 
petition to be presented to the Director and Council, 
which being looked into, examined and considered, it 
was resolved to deliver the same to the Director Gen- 
eral and Council, as follows : 

To the Honorable Lords, the Honorable Director Gen- 
eral and Supreme Council of New Netherland. 

The undersigned Petitioners, in their quality as Bur- 
gomasters and Schepens of this City, remonstrate with 
due respect that they find daily increasing the multitude 
of Scotsmen [Peddlers] who repair over and hither 
here every year in the ships from Fatherland, who, on 
arriving here, unwilling for the most part to sell their 
goods, proceed immediately to Fort Orange or to some 
other place, and having finished their trade go away 
back again on the first opportunity, so that this place 
not only does not derive any profit from such persons, 
but this good Commonalty suffers, on the contrary, 
great injury thereby, as even the provisions which 
come last summer from Patria must be received from 
Fort Orange, because the trade there was much better 
than in this place. Which commerce is in direct viola- 
tion of the 1 2th. Article of the Freedoms which the 



4 THE BURGHER RIGHT. 

Honorable Lords Patroons granted to this place, by 
which article the said Lords decide that the Staple of 
the whole of New Netherland shall be on the Island of 
Manhattans, in as much as the said Lords Majors have 
reserved this Island for their own Colony. It being 
also taken in consideration the Burdens which their 
Commonalty have to bear in this City and the Services 
which they have rendered as well in the time of the 
English troubles as in those which happened in other 
occasions, in which they always evinced their willing- 
ness. So that for this reason and in order to animate 
them the more, it would be very proper, in their opin- 
ions, to favor them with some privileges. And whereas 
Burgher Right is one of the most important privileges 
in a well governed city, the Petitioners therefore 
humbly request Your Honors to be pleased to grant 
the privilege that no man shall be able to prosecute 
public trading here unless such as are known as City 
Burghers ; also that persons who are not settled resi- 
dents here shall not be allowed to trade to any quarter 
here about without this place, together with what your 
Honors may be pleased kindly to grant in addition to 
Your Honors Subjects ; also to be pleased to order 
how much those shall give to this City, who come from 
Patria or any other places to reside and carry on trade 
here, to purchase their citizenship. Awaiting hereupon 
Your Honors favorable disposition we remain 

Your Honors Subjects 
The Burgomasters and Schepens of the City 
Amsterdam in New Netherland. 

By order of the same, 

Jacob Kip, Sec'y. 
Done this 22nd. Jan'y i657. at 
the Court in the City Hall 
at Amsterdam in N. Nd. 

City Records. 



THE BURGHER RIGHT. 5 

In Council at Fort Amsterdam the 23d. of January, 1657. 

Considerations and advice of the Honorable Director 
General concerning the Memorial of the Burgomasters 
and Schepens, submitted to this Board January 23d, 
165;. 

The petition in its prologue, arguments and conclu- 
sions contains the following points, which require con- 
sideration : 

I. The damage suffered by permanent and estab- 
lished inhabitants in the interior trade through peddlers 
[Schots] travelling up and down, implies by suppo- 
sition a request for redress, and a remedy against it, as 
signified by the petitioners in the conclusion : 

(i^ By establishing the Burgher Right in this City. 

(2) By allowing only such well known burghers to 
keep shop. 

(3) By a further explanation of the restriction, that 
only burghers or pefmanent inhabitants and owners of 
real estate may trade at or go to other places in this 
government 

II. The arguments and motives hereto are drawn by 
petitioners 

(i) From the troubles, labors and expenses, already 
borne by the citizens or inhabitants of this City during 
the English troubles and the last recontre with the 
natives, and to which they are subject on future occa- 
sions. 

(2) From the benefits of the Stapleright, already 
granted to this place by their Honors. 

The reasons adduced cannot be denied, much less 
controverted, and therefore it seems proper that this 
community and the inhabitants of this City should be 
favored with some privileges and encouraged to con- 
tinue, considering what they have done in the English 
and Indian troubles and what they may have to do at 
some future time, as this place, being the principal capi- 
tal and frontier place, will always have to bear the brunt 
of the first and most frequent attacks, and is therefore 



6 THE BURGHER RIGHT. 

liable to be subjected to a great deal of labor, troubles 
and expenses ; but whether the request of the petition- 
ers can be granted in this way or whether it agrees with 
the advice and decision of their Honors and with the 
population of the country, which requires special atten- 
tion, is duly considered, only the one point more than 
the other. 

As to the first point, to wit, the Burgher Right, and 
that only men, known as burghers, may keep open 
shops or trade elsewhere in the province, it is appar- 
ently opposing the order and letter from the Lords 
Directors of the 12th. of March, 1664 ; only the latter 
more than the former, which says that the engagement 
of house and lands is repugnant, while to compel them 
to remain, is slavery. It is therefore my opinion, 
that we keep as close as possible to the advice and 
letter of their Honors, to wit, that we consider and 
resolve, that henceforth no newly arriving traders, let 
them be skippers, sailors or peddlers [Schotsen], or 
whatever they may be called, shall be allowed to sell, 
transport or export into the country their merchandise, 
unless they have first kept shop in this City, either in 
their own or a leased house or room, as the trader 
may find most convenient, without engaging himself to 
buy real estate or remain longer than he likes. As to 
the last point, only in extreme necessity and for the 
preservation of the countrj' and then not longer, as it 
is done at home. 

Whereas it is required for the keeping of an open . 
shop that the' trader have the Burgher Right, conform 
to the customs of the Fatherland, where in all well gov- 
erned cities the right to keep an open shop is granted 
only to men who have the burgher or poor ter [freeman's] 
right and thus are, by an oath of fealty, bound to the 
place, keep fire and light there either in their own or in 
a rented house or room, take their turns of watching 
and bear all usual expenses of citizens. 

Therefore all arriving traders shall henceforth, before 
they are allowed to keep open shop, request from the 



THE BURGHER RIGHT. 7 

Burgomasters and Schepens the Burgher Right, on con- 
dition of duly paying for it, taking the oath of fidelity 
to the supreme government of Director General and 
Council of New Netherland as burghers and freemen 
l[pooriers^ ; this done, they shall be allowed to open 
shop either in a purchased or a rented house, there 
keep fire and light, and they shall not be prevented or 
forbidden to trade and traffic, like other burghers, free- 
men and inhabitants of this province, within and with- 
out the boundaries of the same, in barks, yachts or 
other vessels, owned or hired by them ; but by virtue 
of the Stapleright, as observed in the Fatherland, no 
goods or merchandise, coming either from the Father- 
land or from neighboring places, shall be carried into 
the country in the ships, yachts or barks by which they 
were brought, except upon payment of Stapleright and 
freight. 

Because no Burgher or Freeman right binds a man to 
his oath of fidelity for longer time than his conven- 
ience requires, because often, in fact usually, the traders, 
coming here, make or try to make it their convenience 
to depart with the ships, when the oath taken by 
them, guard duty and other burgher's burdens cease, 
and because, by virtue of the above order and letter 
of the Lords Directors, they cannot and ought not be 
compelled to remain, a too tyrannical proceeding, it is 
therefore my advice, that even though they may have 
acquired the Burgher or Freeman [^/>oor^er] right for 
the time of their sojourn here, they shall lose upon 
returning to the Fatherland, and upon coming back here 
they shall be held again to ask for and acquire it, first 
paying for it the dues as fixed, or keeping according to 
the common rule of our Fatherland fire and light at his 
domicil as burgher here during his absence. 

P. Stuyvesant. 

State Archives^ Albany, 



S THE BURGHER RIGHT. 

Advice given by Mr. Nicasius de Sille. 

I say in regard to the request of the Honorable 
Burgomasters and Schepens, submitted to the Director 
General and Council yesterday, the 23d. of January, 
1657, as follows : 

First, said gentlemen speaking of the Stapleright of 
the whole New Netherland say, it should be only on 
the Island of Manhattans, which is a colony of the Lord 
Directors, and the peddling [Schotse] traders should not 
be allowed to pass this place, without having first paid 
Stapleright, for Article 9 of the City of Dort says : 

'*A11 goods and merchandise, subject to Stapleright 
and coming from above Dort, shall there be sold, either 
at wholesale or in parcels, as well those from without 
as from within the said City of Dort." 

The petitioners understand it this way, and it is to be 
considered whether the Stapleright belongs to the Com- 
pany or to the City, as long as the Lord Directors hold 
the Island as their Colony. 

I further say, subject to correction, that such peddling 
or small traders should not be preferred to our land- 
holding inhabitants and allowed to go to the South 
River or Fort Orange before they, these peddlers, have 
offered for sale with open doors or shops their goods 
here during one month, so that our inhabitants may not 
be passed over on account of such sneaks and cheats, 
who until now have benefited this country very little, 
but have overlooked and passed our merchants without 
paying anything, while our inhabitants on the other 
side, subject to all taxes and burdens, are injured in 
their trade by these fellows. I say also, that no stranger 
should keep a burgher's shop or transport merchandise, 
unless these peddlers have done their guard duty for a 
month and paid the Stapleright on goods which they 
have brought from Holland. 

Signed : N. de Sille. 

Sfate Archives t Albany. 



THE BURGHER RIGHT. 9 

In Council at Fort Amsterdam the 29th. of January, i65y. 

Present at the meeting the Honorable Director 
General Petrus Stuyvesant, the Honorable Nicasius de 
Sille, first Councillor and Fiscal, the Honorable Coun- 
cillor Pieter Tonneman. 

The foregoing opinions of the Director General and 
Council having been read, debated and considered. 
Councillors Nicasius de Sille and Pieter Tonneman 
unanimously agreed with the opinion of his Honor 
Director General Petrus Stuyvesant, recorded above, 
and it was resolved, to draw up an ordinance in form of 
a proclamation, which is to be published to-morrow or 
affixed as usual. 

Nicasius de Sille. 
Pieter Tonneman. 

Sfaie Archives, Albany, 



At a meeting of the Burgomasters and Schepens 
Wednesday, the 31st. January, 1667, in the City 
Hall. 

Present the W. Heeren, N. de Sille, AUard An- 
thony, Oloff Stevensen, Joh. Verbrugge, Jan Vinge, 
Will. Beeckman, and Hendrick Kip. 

The following Apostille and Privilege is this day from 
the Honorable Director General and Council of N. 
Netherland, on the petition of the Burgomasters and 
Schepens presented to their Honors on the 2 2d. Jan- 
uary of this Year, which according to Custom is pub- 
lished at, and affixed to, the City Hall of this City. 

The Representation of the Burgomasters and Sche- 
pens of this City, New Amsterdam, in New Netherland, 
being received at the Meeting of the Director General 
and Council of N. Netherland, wherein they exhibit, 
on the one hand, the trouble, labor, expenses, expe- 
ditions and watchings which they sustained, endured 
and suffered in the last national quarrels with the 
Neighbors, as well as in the sad and unexpected ren- 



lO THE BURGHER RIGHT. 

counters with the Natives, and what they are subject to 
as the principal frontier and capital, more than others ; 
On the other hand, the frequent complaints of Burghery 
and other Inhabitants of this Province against the in- 
land trading and trafficking of the Scotsmen sailing 
hither and thither even to the best trading places, tak- 
ing the bread, as it were, out of the mouths of good 
Burghery and resident Inhabitants, without such being 
subject, in time of peace or war, to any trouble, expense, 
labor, expeditions or watching like the Burghery and set- 
tled Inhabitants ; that, on the contrary, they carry away 
the profits in time of peace, and in time of war abandon 
the country and the Inhabitants thereof, against which 
Burgomasters and Schepens request, for their Burghery, 
some additional benefits, privilege and freedom. Which 
We, the Director General and Council of New Nether- 
land, having taken into serious consideration, being 
sufficiently informed, by personal experience, of the 
truth and justice of the matter, have provisionally, on 
the approval and ratification of the Lords Patroons, and 
by their advice and instructions, dated the 1 2th. March, 
1654, at request of Burgomasters and Schepens, conde- 
scended, apostilled, privileged and granted that, hence- 
forward, the arriving Scotsmen and traders shall, before 
selling or conveying their goods and merchandise, be 
holden, by virtue of Stapleright, and pursuant to order 
and instructions of the Lords Patroons, to set up and 
keep an open store within the gates and walls of this 
City, in a hired or owned house or room, and to ask 
from the aforesaid Burgomasters and Schepens, before 
hand, the common or small Burgher Right or Citizenship 
to enable them to do the same, for which they shall 
once pay for the behoof of this City and support there- 
of twenty guilders, which, also, in virtue hereof, is 
granted to Burgomasters and Schepens ; that from now 
henceforward no arriving passengers, Scotsmen, shop- 
keeper or artisans shall exercise within this City any 
public-store business or handicraft trade, except such as 
have sought and obtained the Small or Burgher Right 



THE BURGHER RIGHT. II 

from the Burgomasters and Schepens, and subjected 
themselves, by subscription or promise of oath, to the 
Supreme Government of the Director General and 
Council during their stay in this City, to bear like other 
Burghers and Citizens their burdens, expenses, expedi- 
tions and watches. Further, in conformity to the laud- 
able Custom of the City of Amsterdam in Europe, the 
Director General and Council of New Netherland, on 
the approval and ratification as before, allow and con- 
cede to the Burgomasters and Schepens the establish- 
ment of a Great Burgher Right, for which those who 
may request to be therein shall pay fifty guilders ; and 
all such, and such only, shall hereafter be qualified to 
fill all the city offices and dignities within this City, 
and consequently be nominated thereto ; secondly, be 
exempt for one year and six weeks from watches and 
expeditions ; thirdly, be free in their proper persons 
from arrest by any Subaltern Court or judicial benches 
of this Province. The Director General and Council 
reserve to themselves the further amplification and 
interpretation of obscurities and misconceptions, 

Thus done in the Meeting in Fort Amsterdam in 
New Netherland, the 30th. January, 1667, was sub- 
scribed 

P. Stuyvesant. 

Under Stood : By order of the Director General and 
Council of N. Netherland (signed) 

C. V. Ruyven, Secretary. 

Below depends the Provincial Seal in Red Wax. 

City Records. 

At a Meeting of Burgomasters and Schepens held 

31st. January, 1657. 

Resolved to present the following Petition to the 
Honorable Director General and Council, for explana- 
tion of the conceded privilege. 



12 THE BURGHER RIGHT. 

To the Honorable Lords the Lord Director General 
and Lords Councillors of N. Netherland. 

Honorable Lords, 

Whereas, Your Honors have been pleased to favor 
this City, Amsterdam in N. Netherland, with the privi- 
lege of Small and Great Burger Right : Therefore, we, 
the Burgomasters and Schepens of said City, thankfully 
acknowledging such for the public good and welfare, 
request Your Honors explanation as to whom belong 
for the present the Small, and whom the Great Burgher 
Right ; and request that Your Honors would be pleased 
to confer on the Schout, Burgomasters and Schepens 
who have formerly been in the government of this City, 
and are now in office, and who shall be elected to this 
office from those nominated for the present year, and 
their descendants, the privilege of the Great Burgher 
Right. Awaiting hereon Your Honors favorable dis- 
position we remain Your, Honors Subjects, 

The Burgomasters and Schepens of the City 
Amsterdam in New Netherland. 

By order of the same, 

Jacob Kip, Secretary. 
Done this 31. January, i657, 
in Court at the City Hall 
at Amsterdam in New 
Netherland. 

In like manner was resolved at the Court aforesaid 
to request by Petition to the Honorable Director Gen- 
eral and Council, as follows : 

To the Honorable Lords, the Lord Director General 
and Lords Councillors of N. Netherland. 

Burgomasters and Schepens of the City Amsterdam 
in New Netherland with due respect represent : 

That they find by daily experience that it is neces- 
sary as well at present as hereafter to appoint and 
select some persons within this city, as is done in our 



THE BURGHER RIGHT. 1 3 

Fatherland, to fill all offices appertaining thereto. 
Your Petitioners, therefore, request your Honors that 
such may be conferred on the Burgomasters and 
Schepens at the time in office to grant the said offices 
and appointments to those who, in their estimation, 
shall be best and fittest therefor, always with the appro- 
bation of Your Honors the Director General and 
Council of N. Netherland. Awaiting hereupon Your 
Honors favorable disposition, we remain 

Your Honors Subjects 
The Burgomasters and Schepens of the City 
Amsterdam in N. Netherland. 

By order of the same, 

Jacob Kip, Secretary. 
Done this 31. January, i657, 
in Court at the City Hall 
at Amsterdam in N. Neth- 
erland. 

City Records, 

In Council at Fort Amsterdam the 2d, of February, 

1657. Friday. 

The following decision has been given to the forego- 
ing request : 

Director General and Council of New Netherland 
persist in the instructions given to the Burgomasters 
and Schepens of this City, subject to the approval and 
ratification of the Lords Directors, without deviating in 
this matter. 

Done at the meeting in Fort 
Amsterdam in New Neth- 
erland, date as above. 

State Arc hive Si Albany, 

In Council at Fort Amsterdam the 2d. of February, 

1657. Friday. 

Whereas, agreeably to the privileges of this City, 
annually, some of the Magistrates, whose time is ex- 



14 THE BURGHER RIGHT. 

pired, leave their seats to be replaced with others by 
the Director General and Council, so it is that the 
Director General and Council in New Netherland 
elected as Magistrates of this City for the ensuing year, 
the Honorable Allard Anthony, as old Burgomaster ; 
Paulus Limdertson Van de Grift, Burgomaster ; William 
Beeckman, President Schepen ; Johannes De Peyster, 
Govert Lockermans, Adrian Blommert and Hendrick 
Janssen Vandervin, Schepens, which is communicated 
to the community to treat them with due respect. 

Done in Council in Fort 
Amsterdam, N. Nether- 
land, on the day as above. 

StaU Archives^ Albany, 

In Council at Fort Amsterdam, the 2d. of February, 

1657, Friday. 

The Director General and Council of New Netherland. 

To all those who see these presents or hear them read. 
Greeting, make known. 

That they, out of consideration of the good and vol- 
untary services, expeditions, watches, and other bur- 
dens which the Burghers have hitherto done and borne, 
and in the hope and confidence which the Director Gen- 
eral and Council still indulge of their continuance and 
perseverance therein, have, on the humble petition of 
the Burgomasters and Schepens, privileged and favored 
the Burghers and good Inhabitants of this City with a 
Great and Small Burgher Right, as can be more fully 
seen by the grant of privilege made to the Burgomasters 
and Schepens, in amplification of that already bestowed ; 

And, whereas, in all beginnings, something or some- 
body must be the first, so that thereafter a distinction 
and difference may be made : therefore, also, the neces- 
sity of such distinction being founded on reason, in the 
establishment of the Great and Small Burgher Right, 



THE BURGHER RIGHT. 1 5 

whereof the Burgomasters and Schepens have, by 
petition to the Director General and Council, requested 
further explanation, specification, and distinction as to 
who and what class are, for the present, to be included 
in the Great as well as in the Small Burgher Right, the 
Director General and Council of New Netherland in- 
vest, qualify, and favor with the Great Burgher Right : 

First, those who have been, and at present are, in 
the High or Supreme government of the Country, them 
and their descendants in the male line. 

Secondly, all former and actual Burgomasters and 
Schepens of this City, their descendants in the male line. 

Thirdly, the Ministers of the Gospel formerly and 
at present in office, them and their descendants in the 
male line. 

Fourthly, the Commissioned Officers to the Ensign 
inclusive, of the City regiment, them and their descend- 
ants in the male line. All with this understanding, 
that the above mentioned gentlemen and persons, for 
themselves or their descendants in the male line, have 
not lost or forfeited Burgher Right by absence from the 
City, and by not keeping fire and light ; agreeably 
to the laudable custom of the City of Amsterdam in 
Europe. 

Further, all others who desire and are inclined, or 
hereafter may be desirous and inclined, to be enrolled 
in the Great Burgher Right, and to enjoy the privileges 
and benefits thereof, shall, according to the foregoing 
grant, apply for the same to the Burgomasters, and 
receive it on paying therefor the sum of Fifty guild- 
ers, Dutch money, or the equivalent thereof. 

With the Small Burgher right are invested and 
favored : 

First, all those who have resided and kept fire and 
light within the City one year and six weeks. 

Secondly, all born within this City. 

Thirdly, all who have married, or may hereafter 
marry, native born daughters of Burghers, provided that 
all Burgher Right be not lost or forfeited by absence from 



1 6 THE BURGHER RIGHT. 

this City, or by not keeping fire and light in conformity 
as aforesaid. 

Further, all others who either now or hereafter will 
keep any shop, however it may be called, and carry on 
business within this City or the jurisdiction thereof, 
shall be bound to apply to the Burgomasters for the 
Sm^U Burgher Right, and pay therefor Twenty guilders, 
Dutch money, or the equivalent thereof. 

All servants of the Honorable Company under wages, 
also Passengers and New-comers who will settle else- 
where, provided they do so within six weeks, remain alone 
exempt from applying for Burgher Right, for the exer- 
cise of all sorts of handicraft, and the practice thereof. 

The moneys arising from the receipt of the Burgher 
Right shall be received by the Burgomasters, and by 
them expended principally in the strengthening and 
circumvallation of this City. 

In order that all this may be the better and more 
regularly practised, observed and obeyed, the Burgo- 
masters are ordered and authorized to make out, or 
cause to be made out, on the first and all following 
occasions, correct Lists of those who, according to the 
tenor hereof, are invested, qualified and favored either 
with the Great or Small Burgher Right, and of those 
hereafter who obtain and receive the same, and have 
a true Register thereof made, and when done deliver a 
copy thereof into the Office of the Secretary of the 
Director General and Council. 

Thus done, resolved, resumed and enacted in the 
Assembly of the Director General and Council of New 
Netherland,holden in Fort Amsterdam, in New Nether- 
land, the 2d. February, 1667. 

State A r chives t Albany. 

In Council at Fort Amsterdam the 6th. of February, 

1657. 

At the meeting of the Director General and Council 
of New Netherland appeared their Honors the Burgo- 



THE BURGHER RIGHT. Ij 

masters of this City of Amsterdam in New Netherland, 
to ask, as there were some people demanding certifi- 
cates of Burghership, in which form the certificates for 
Great and for Small Burghers should be given. 

It was resolved, that the Burgomasters should give 
certificates to persons demanding it and having paid 
the fees in the following form, mutatis mtitandis : 

For the Great Burgher Right : 

We, Burgomasters of the City of Amsterdam in New 
Netherland, hereby certify and declare, that N. N. has 
asked for and receiyed from us the Great Burgher Right 
and the benefits thereof, has taken the Burghers oath 
and paid the fees to the Treasurer. 

Done . . . 

The certificates for the Great Burgher Right shall be 
sealed with the seal of the City, and the fees shall 
be 3 guilders. 

For the Small Burgher Right: 

Amsterdam in New Netherland. 

N. N. has asked for and received the Small Burgher 
Right, has taken the oath as Burgher, and has paid the 
fees to the Treasurer. 

Done . . • 

The fees herefor shall be 1 8 stivers. 

Done at the meeting of the 
Director General and 
Council, held at Fort Am- 
sterdam in New Nether- 
land on the 6th. of Febru- 
ary, 1657. 

St<Ue Archives y Albany, 



l8 THE BURGHER RIGHT. 

At a Meeting of the Burgomasters and Schepens held 

9th. April, 1657. 

The Burgomasters and Schepens of the City of 
Amsterdam, in New Netherland, do by these presents 
make known, that those who, by virtue of the act of 
favor of the Director General and Councillors, make 
pretensions to the Great or Small Burgher Right, shall 
give in their names within thie time of eight days to 
the Burgomasters of the City, who during eight days, 
beginning on the morning of the loth. instant, shall 
assemble for two hours in the morning and five hours 
in the afternoon to take down the names. 

Warning is given, that those within the City, who 
within. the time mentioned do not make known their 
names, shall be deprived of their right to such privileges. 

Thus done and published .9th. April, 1657. 

List of those who have the Burgher Right pursuant 
to Privilege and Explanation thereof granted by the 
Right Honorable Director General and Council to the 
Burghery of this City Amsterdam in N. Netherland, 
and are accordingly inscribed by Burgomasters, and 
have taken the proper oath. 

The Oath taken by the Burghers ; drawn up by the 
Right Honorable Director General and Council. 

I, N. N., Promise and Swear in the Presence of 
Almighty God to be true and faithful to the Sovereignty 
of the Noble High and Mighty Lords States General 
of the United Netherlands and Supreme Jurisdiction of 
the Honorable Lords Directors of the Privileged West 
India Company as Lords and Patroons of this New 
Netherland Province, their Director General and Council 
already appointed or hereafter to be appointed ; and to 
show in the first place them, the Burgomasters and 
Rulers of this City, present and future, all respect and 
reverence, and to obey them in all honest and just mat- 
ters as a faithful Subject and good Burgher is bound to 



THE BURGHER RIGHT. 1 9 

do, as long as I shall continue in this Province. So 
Truly Help me God Almighty. 

THE GREAT BURGHER RIGHT. 

1657. April 10. Johannes La Montagne, junior, 

11. Jan Gillisen van Bruggh, 
Hendrick Kip, 

Isack Kip, 

De Heer General Stuyvesant, 

1 2. Domine Megapolensis, 

13. Jacob Gerritsen Strycker, 

14. Jan Vinge, 

17. Cornells Van Tienhoven's Wife, 

Hendrick van Dyck, 

Hendrick Kip, junior, 

Marten Cregier, 
i8, Carel van Bruggh, 

acob van Couwenhoven, 
,ourens Cornelisen van Wei, 

Johannes Pietersen van Bruggh, 

Cornelis Steenwyck, 

Wilh. Bogardus, 

Daniel Litschoe, 

Pieter van Couwenhoven. 

THE SMALL BURGHER RIGHT 

1657. April 10. Isack DToreest, 

Warnaer Wessels, 
Nicolaes Langvelthuysen, 
II. Jan de Jongh, 
Jacobus Backer, 

Pieter Cornelisen van der Veen, 
Pieter Jacobsen Buys, 
Abram Nichels, 
Pieter Schabanck, 
Matheus d'Vos (died in 1663), 
Jan Rutgerzen, 



20 



THE IJURGHER RIGHT. 



1657. April II. Caspar Stynmets, 

Pieter Jansen, 
Jochem Becckman, Shoemaker, 

1 2. Arent Isaacksen, Shoemaker, 
Fredrick Flipsen, Carpenter, 
Jacob Mens, 

Dirck van Schelluyne, 

Cornelis Jansen, 

Evert Dirckzen, Wood-sawyer, 

Thomas Frerickzen, Wood-sawyer, 

Pieter Caspersen van Naerden, 

13. Gerrit Pieterzen van Amsterdam, 
Hendrick Harmenzen, 

Willem Jansen van't leverlant, 

Hendrick van Bommel, Tailor, 

David Wessels, Chairmaker, 

Paulus van der Beeck, 

Cornelis Jansen Clopper, Smith 

Jean Videt, Frenchman, Tailor, 

Gerrit Fullwever, 

Lambert Huybertzen Mol, 

Michiel Jansen, 

Joost Teunizen, 

Jacob Clazen Coppe, 

Claes Carstensen, 

Ryndert Pieters van Bolsaert, 

Andries Hoppen, 

Arent Lourizen, Carpenter, 

Tryntie Hendricksen, widow of Cors 

Pietersen, 
Hendrick Willemzen, Baker, 

oost Goderis, 
Alichiel Pauluzen, 
Coenraec Ten Eyck, Shoemaker, 
Aldert Coninck, Tailor, 
Rynhout Rynhoutzen, Shoemaker, 
Pieter Andriezen, Chimney-sweeper, 

an Jacobsen Carpenel van Haerlem, 

an Nagel, 



THE BURGHER RIGHT. 21 

1657. April 13. Barent Egbertzen, Tailor, 

14. Jan Dirckzen, Painter, 
Adriaen Vincent, 
Isack Teene, 
Johannes Beck, 
Barent Jacobzen Cool, 
Hans Dreper, 
Adolph Pieterzen, 
Frerick Arentzen, 
Claes Tysen, Cooper, 
Tosyn Briel, 
Sybrant Jansen Galma, 
Luycas Dircksen, 
Stoffel Elderzen, 
Jacob Leunizen, 
Hendrick Hendricksen Kip, 
Sybout Clasen, 
Tomas Frans, Carman, 
Claes Bordingh, 
Aryaen Wouterzen, 
Symon Felle, 
Lodowick Pos, 
Jochem Bruynzen, 
Tomas Lambertzen, Carpenter, 
Nicolaes de Meyer, 
Evert Duyckingk, 
Abram Rycken, 
Jan Cornelisen van Hoorn, 
Jan Jansen van Ham, 
i^aulus Heymans, 
Tomas Sandersen, Locksmith, 
Willem Pieterzen d'Groot. senior, 
Nicolaes d' la Plyne. 
Andries Jochemzen, 
Jan Hendricksen, Carpenter, 
Pieter Lourenzen, 
Francoys Allard, 
Claes van Elslant, senior, 
Teunis Tomazen, Mason, 



22 



THE BURGHER RIGHT. 



1657. April 14 



an Schryver, 

an Gerritzen, Mason, 
Jan de Perie, 
Abram Pieterzen, Miller, 
Claes Poulizen, 
Cornelis van Langevelt, 
Frans Soselje, 
Jan Evertsen Bout, 
Pieter Jacobs Marius, 
Myndert Barentzen, 
Jan Cornelissen van Vlensburgh, 
Andries Andriezen, from Sweden, 
Gerrit Jansen Roos, Carpenter, 
Roelof Jansen, Mason, 

an Hendricksen, Chairman, 

acob Hughes, Surgeon, 

Hiendrick Pieterzen van Hasselt, 
Barent Gerritzen, Tailor, 
Jacob Hendricksen Varvanger, 
Pieter Kock, 
Matys Capito, 

Abram Jacobsen, Carpenter, 
Aryaen Jansen van Straetkerck, 
Luycas Elderzen, 
Rynier Gaicheus van list, 
Jacob Kalf, 
Nicolaes Backer, 
Jacob Will van der Bos, Mason. 
Hendrick Hendricksen, Drummer, 
Claes Pieterzen Kos, 

acob Leenderzen Vandiegrist, 

an Cornelissen Buys, 

hendrick Jansen van Scalckwyck, 
Jan Lubberzen, 
17. Resolvert Waldron, 

Jan Jansen Hagenaer, Carpenter, 
Wessel Everts, 
Egbert van Borsum, 
Abram Verplanck, 



THE BURGHER RIGHT. 23 

1657. April 17. Jan de Pree. Cooper, 

Geurt Coerten, 
Jan Peeck, 
Randel Huwit, 

Laurens Andries van Boskerck, 
Gerrit Gerritzen van Vrieslant, 
Tys Lubbertzen, 
Abram Lubberzen, 
Haey Oelefers, 

Jan Pieterzen van Struckhausen, 
Corns. Hendricksen, 
Rynier Wisselpenningh, 
Christaen Barentzen, 
Pieter Stoutenberg, 
Harman Smeeman. 
Egbert Wouterzen, 
Leendert Aerden, 
Jan Jansen Langedyck, 
Andries de Haes, 
Claes Tysen van Amsterdam, 
Frans Jansen van Brestee, Cooper, 
Willem Koeck, 
Albert Jansen, Carpenter, 
Bartel Jansen Roebel, 
George Holmes, 
Pieter Pieterzen, Carpenter, 
Hans Kierstede, 
Samuel Edsal, Hatter, 
Frerick Lubbertzen, 
Willem Simson, Englishman, 
Gerrit Cornelissen, 
Widow of Jan Huygen, 
Jacob Teunizen, 
Abram Clock, 
Albert Leendertzen, 
Jan Hendricksen van Gunst, 
Jan Pieterzen, Miller, 
Nicolaes Verleth, 
Herry Breser, 



24 THE BURGHER RIGHT. 

1657. April 17. Jacob Walingh, 

Borger Jorisen, 

18. Mettle Wessels, 

Jan Jansen van St. Obyn, 

Hendrick Arentzen, 

Herry Piers, 

Jacus Pryn, 

Jacob Stoffelzen, 

Andries Clasen, Tailor, 

Hendrick Jansen van Utrecht, 

Claes Pieterzen, Smith, 

Hendrick Barentzen, 

Pelgrom Klock, 

Reynier Gerritzen Vries, 

J oris van Vorst, Cooper, 

Willem Claesen, Butche r 

Aert Willemsen. 

Claes Jansen Ruyter, 

Harmen Douwesen, 

Hendrick Volckerzen, 

Wolfert Gerritsen, 

Dirck Claesen, Pot-baker, 

Juryaen Blanck, 

Solomon la Chair, 

Claes Jansen van Suermarter, 

Frans Claesen, 

Huybert Hendricksen van Keulen, 

Harman Hendricksen van Deventer, 

Shoemaker, 
Hans Albertzen, Shoemaker, 
Carsten Diers van Bremen, Shoemaker, 

19. Abram d' la Nooy. 
26. Luycas Andriezen, 

Dirck Siecken, 
Aryaen Symonzen, 
Pieter Rudolphus, 
Isack Greveraer, 
May 3. Jan Hutsitson, Englishman, Ship-car- 
penter, 



THE BURGHER RIGHT. 25 

1657. May 3. Philip Jansen Ringo, 

1 658. May 2. Douwe Clasen, 

9. Simon Hermsen Coort, 

Adam Bremen, 
July 18. Jacques Cousseau, 

Anthony More, 

Anthony De Mil, 

Jan Gouwenbergh, 

Jan Gerisen Buitenhuis, 

Tielman van Vleeck, 

Barnet Cruytdorp, 

Cornells Wilkmsen, Carpenter, 

Adrian van Laer, 

Peter van Hale [Alen], 

Hendrick van de Wal, 

Willem Doeckes, 
Dec. 27. Jurrian Jansen van Anwerick, 

1659. Jan. 3. Cornells Barensen. Baker, 
May 16. Claas JelHs Mareschall, Glazier, 

Isaacq Bedloo, 
Jop Teunissen, 
Andries Jeremias Spiringh, 
Wouter Valck, 
Jacob Hendricksen Haan, 
Eghbert Meindersen, 
Everet Mareschal, 
Joris Jorisen Tonson van Ritfort, 
Jonas P'olber, 
June 27. Carel Beauvois, of Leiden, School- 
master, 
Dirck Jansen van Oldenburgh, 
Anthony van Aalst, 
July 4. Pieter Pia, 

Nicholas Joannes Bootsen, 
II. Reineir Willemsen, 
1 66 1. April 30. Frans Jansen, of Amsterdam. 

City Records. 



26 THE BURGHER RIGHT. 

At a Meeting of Burgomasters and Schepens held 

25th. March, i658. 

The Honorable President states that there are sev- 
eral of the Inhabitants of this City who have purchased 
their Burgher Right for a year and a day, and do not 
pay ; and whenever the City Messenger goes for pay- 
ment, they answer they have no money, proceeding to 
scoff at and Censure the Burgomasters ; and though it 
be a matter which concerns the Burgomasters alone, 
nevertheless, that it be known to the Heere Schepens, it 
is therefore communicated to the Court to remember. 

City Records. 

At a Meeting of Burgomasters and Schepens held 

5th. November, i659. 

To the Right Honorable Lords the Lord Director Gen- 
eral and the Lords Councillors of New Netherland. 

Right Honorable Lords : 

The presiding Burgomaster of this City, Amsterdam, 
in N. Netherland, respectfully represents to your Hon- 
ors that a Certain Remonstrance, hereunto annexed, 
has been handed him, signed by some Burghers, repre 
senting the low condition and constant complaints con- 
tinually made to them from some who have fled from 
their houses and lands, endeavoring to assist themselves 
in their poverty, not being able to pay what they ob- 
tained on credit from the one and the other, as the said 
Remonstrance more fully sets forth ; Requesting him, 
the Petitioner, in his quality, to endeavor to obtain with 
all respect from Your Honors, that Your Honors would 
please to favor the Burghers with the Burgher Right in 
all places included in the Honorable West India Com- 
pany's District of N. Netherland, and so on to four or 
five points set forth in said Remonstrance. But as re- 
spects the Fourth point, should be too high for the 
payment of ^he Burgher Right for the Scots, or those 
trading over and hither, they submit the same to your 



THE BURGHER RIGHT. 27 

Honors wise Council and pleasure. And whereas, he, the 
Petitioner, is assured by Your Honors that Your Honors 
have nothing in view but the welfare of Your Honors 
Subjects and the prosperity of this place depending 
under Your Honors direction, especially of City Amster- 
dam standing and lying on the Island Manhattan, which 
the Honorable West India Company is reserving for 
their Colony, Your Petitioner therefore turns to your 
Honors, in the name and at the request of the Petition- 
ers, beseeching Your Honors in all dutifulness to be 
pleased to consider what the Petitioners set forth in 
their Remonstrance and whatever should result there- 
from; to favor their Petitioners in what they request 
in all humility, and according to their knowledge for 
the good of this place and its inhabitants, not doubting 
but all shall be brought into a better state. But I 
commend the Matter to Your Honors wise and fatherly 
care, Remaining, Meanwhile, Honorable Lords, 

Your Honors Subject 
The Presiding Burgomaster of the City 

aforesaid. 

By order of the ^ame, 

Joannes Nevius, Secretary. 

Done, Amsterdam in N. 
Netherlands the 5th. No- 
vember, 1659. 

Remonstrance. 
Friday, 12th. September, 1659. In the City Hall. 

Present the . eern Oloff Stevensen van Cortland 
Martin Cregier. 

To the Honorable Lords Burgomasters of this City of 
Amsterdam in N. Netherland. 

Being assured that Your Honors are sufficiently 
acquainted with the low condition of this City, through 



m 



28 THE BURGHER RIGHT. 

the constant complaints of our fellow Burghers, some 
of whom have fled from their land and houses and come 
in poverty seeking to gain a living ; others, who have 
endeavored to help them, reduced to the same condi- 
tion, so that the debts they have contracted from year to 
year among this poor Commonalty we believe amounts 
to more than one hundred thousand Guilders more than 
they can pay ; some of them having lost life and prop- 
erty in the year i655, in the Indian troubles. And now, 
thirdly, some have left their lands and houses through 
dread of being destroyed : 

Therefore, we are bound in conscience not to see any 
one of our Netherlands Nation perish through Poverty, 
but constantly to sustain and aid him, whether by dis- 
bursement of Money, Provisions or by new Advances 
of Goods, which they so doing cannot pay, now nor 
never : That their all comes on their Burghers who 
have still any Means ; which hath so harassed us from 
year to year that it is impossible to benefit so many 
that each shall receive like Justice, being already bur- 
dened beyond any other Colony and Townspeople 
with excessive heavy.day and night watch — yea, even 
every night — also with voluntary Services against Ene- 
mies at divers times for the public service, from which 
public burdens all surrounding places have been 
exempt. And especially the Scots or Traders who 
trade through and fro with the Ships, and take all the 
profit out of the Country, selling everything for Cash 
(for which the Old Inhabitants must wait) without hav- 
ing to bear any burdens ; which the Inhabitants who 
are among us cannot surmount unless Your Honors 
induce the Heer Director General and the Heeren 
Supreme Councillors, to grant to us who are here 
Burghers in Amsterdam in N. Netherland : 

Firsty The Burgher Right in all places here in N. 
Netherland under the authority of the Honorable West 
India Company. 

Secondly, That he who is Burgher here and departs 
out of or into the Country for a Year and Six Weeks 



THE BURGHER RIGHT. 29 

may retain his Burgher Right, provided he at least 
keep a free room and fire and light here. 

Thirdly, That no one coming first from Holland 
can go to Fort Orange or other places, with cargoes, to 
trade there with the Indians or Christians, unless he 
first shall have obtained his Burgher Right here. 

Fourthly, That no man be a Burgher here except 
such as promise to remain in this country Three years, 
or otherwise that they pay for their Burgher Right one 
thousand guilders, which we thifik reasonable for those 
who come here with cargoes. 

Fifthly, We also request that the privileges allowed 
us on the subject of Foreign Trade may be forthwith 
published. 

We trust then everything will prosper, and that we 
shall do good Service not only to Your Honors but to 
our beloved Fatherland. 

We remain, 

Your Honors Subjects, 
Paulus Leendertsen van Allard Anthony, 

der Grist, Cornells Steenwyck, 

Johannes de Peyster, Govert Loockermans, 

N. Verleth, Nicolas Meyer, 

acob Backer, Pieter Rudolphus, 

acob Strycker, Reinier Rycken, 

oannes van der Meulen, [Jacques] Cousseau, 
iendrick van der Walle, Jan Deusy, 
Daniel van Donck, Isaack Greveraats, 

Jacob Kip, Gerrit Van Tright. 

Pieter Cornelissen van der 
Veen, 

Answer of the Director General and Council. 

In Council at Fort Amsterdam the 31st. of January, 

1 660. 

First, The Director General and Council adjudge 
and decree that, by virtue of the Stapleright granted to 



30 THE BURGHER RIGHT. 

this City by the Honorable Lords Directors in the 
General Exemptions ; also by virtue of the Burgher 
Right granted to the Inhabitants in date 2d. February, 
1657, ^he Bufghers and Inhabitants shall have the right 
to trade and do business with all Christians, and 
throughout the entire District of New Netherland. 

Secondly^ The second request answers itself ; as no 
man loses his freedom in any place so long as he keep 
fire and light 

Thirdly, Regarding the third : The Director General 
and Council decree and order hereby, conformably to 
the order and letters of the Honorable Lords Directors, 
dated 12th. March, 1664, that no newly arriving Scots 
or Traders shall sell or introduce any goods or merchan- 
dise within the District of N. Netherland, unless he 
keep an open store here and hath obtained his Burgher 
Right. 

Fourthly^ The fourth point is disallowed, as being 
contrary to the Order of the Honorable Lords Patroons 
above mentioned, and prejudicial to this Place. 

Fifthlyy What the Honorable Lords Directors have 
granted on the fifth request, respecting the Foreign 
Trade, to the Good Inhabitants of this Province, an 
extract thereof is communicated to the Burgomasters 
and Schepens, who can publish and affix that when 
opportunity offers, if they deem such proper. 

Done, Fort Amsterdam in New Netherland, the 31st. 
January, 1660. 

(Was signed) 

P. Stuyvesant, 

Lower Stood. 

By order of the Honorable Lords Director General 
and Lords Councillors of N. Netherland. 

(Was signed) 

C. V. Ruyven, Secretary. 

City Records, 



THE BURGHER RIGHT. 3I 

At a meeting of Burgomasters and Schepens held 

28th. November, 1659. 

Burgomasters of the City Amsterdam, in New Neth- 
erland, hereby give Notice to those who claim their 
Burgher Right, whether Small or Great, and have no 
Freedom of the City, that they shall procure and receive 
the same within fourteen davs from this date, 5th. 
December of this year i659, being 19th. and 20th. of 
the same month, Friday and Saturday, when the Burgo- 
masters shall sit at this City Hall, from nine o'cioqjc in 
the morning until noon, on pain, failing therein, of not 
being able to carry on any business, whatever the same 
may be. 

Understood 

Let the one proclaim it to the Other ! 

City Records, 

At a meeting of Burgomasters and Schepens held 

J 9th. December, 1669. 

This date several took out their certificates as Free- 
men, as the same is noted by the Heer presiding Burgo- 
master. 

City Records, 

At a meeting of Burgomasters and Schepens held 

20th. December, 1659. 

This date have again divers taken out their Burgher 
papers, which are signed by the Heer presiding Burgo- 
master. 

City Records, 

At a meeting of Burgomasters and Schepens held 

23d. December, 1659. 

This date divers more took out the Burgher papers, 
which are signed by the Heer presiding Burgomaster. 

City Records. 



32 THE BURGHER RIGHT. 

In Council at Fort Amsterdam the 25th. of May, 1660. 

Present in meeting the Honorable Director General 
Petrus Stuyvesant and Mr. Nicasius de Sille. 

The Director General and Council of New Nether- 
land are certainly informed, by the Burgomasters and 
Schepens of this City, and also indeed find, that some 
newly arrived Traders, Scotch factors and Merchants 
do, without having applied for and obtained their 
Burgher Right here, undertake not only to sell and bar- 
ter their goods, but also to transport and send them to 
Fort Orange and elsewhere, which is directly contrary to, 
and in violation of, the privilege of Burgher Right, and 
the prerogative thereof granted to the good Inhabitants 
of this City ; the Director General and Council desiring, 
on the Remonstrance and petition of said Burgomasters 
and Schepens, to provide herein, do Ordain that no 
newly arrived Traders, Scotch factors or Merchants shall 
be at liberty to transport or to send their goods from 
here to Fort Orange, or elsewhere within the district of 
New Netherland, unless they have previously obtained 
Burgher Right here, and, in conformity with the Order 
and Instructions of the Honorable Directors, have kept an 
open store here for some time, at least six weeks. And 
all this provisionally, until otherwise Ordained by the 
Honorable Directors, or the Director General and Council. 

Thus done at Fort Amsterdam, in New Netherland, 
date as above. 

State A re hives t Albany. 

At a meeting of Burgomasters and Schepens held 

1 8th. January, 1661. 

Resolved in Court to petition the Director General 
and Council relative to the Scotsmen [peddlers] travel- 
ling through and fro, that by being absent four months 
they may lose their Burgher Right and remain here a 
year and six weeks. Which is proceeded with on 
Wednesday, 19th. January, 1 661, at 11 o'clock in the 
forenoon, at the City Hall. 

City Records. 



THE BURGHER RIGHT. 33 

At a meeting of Burgomasters and Schepens held 

25th. February, 1661. 

Schout, Burgomaster and Schepens of the City of 
Amsterdam, in N. Netherland, hereby make known to 
all and every, that pursuant to the order dated 31st. 
January last, received on their presented Petition to the 
Right Honorable Director General and Council of N. 
Netherland, whoever have absented themselves from 
here for four consecutive months, without holding fire 
and light here, lose their Burgher Right. Wherefore, 
they must purchase the same anew on their return. 
Further, no person shall transport himself with his goods 
and merchandise to Fort Orange or elsewhere to trade, 
without as before, pursuant to the order of said Director 
General and Council, dated 25th. May, 1660, having 
resided and kept an open store here in this City six 
consecutive weeks, but may do the same, according to 
the above mentioned Order, on payment to this City of 
twenty guilders in Beavers, or the real value thereof, 
over and above their Burgrher Rioht. 

Done, Amsterdam in N. 
Netherland, the 25th. Feb- 
ruary, 1 66 1. 

City Records. 

In Council at Fort Amsterdam, 31st. January, 1661, 

Monday. 

Present in meeting the Honorable Director General 
Petrus Stuy vesant, and Councillors Nicasius de Sille and 
Johannes de Decker. 

To the Noble, Very Honorable Director General and 
Council of New Netherland. 

Honorable Gentlemen : 

Your petitioners have observed that the privileges of 

Stapleright and Burgher Right, granted to this City by 

your Honors, are seriously damaged by peddlers yearly 

continuing to travel about during the period of the 

3 



34 THE BURGHER RIGHT. 

tobacco and beaver trade, which is the most important 
in this country, while they make not a penny here, and 
attend to their business in the Fatherland in winter 
time, without bearing any of the burdens or troubles 
which fall to the lot of our good inhabitants and burgh- 
ers. Great complaints have frequently been made to us, 
and to prevent it in the future, we, your petitioners, 
humbly request your Honors that the term of the 
Burgher Right, Great as well as Small, may be shortened 
to six weeks, according to the privileges or charter of 
Amsterdam, page 2, where it is said : ** And of people 
living within the gates, each freeman [poorter] may go 
outside for his spring business during six weeks, and 
also in the fall for the harvest during six weeks.*' This 
may also be read in the Receuil of Roseboom, p. 193, 
chap. 4.0, art. 22. And whereas, the revenues of the 
City are so small, considering the taxes constantly laid 
on it, therefore, we, your petitioners, humbly request 
your Honors that the Burgher Right, Great and Small, 
may from now be enhanced [verhooght] according to 
the rules of the City of Amsterdam, the namesake of 
this place, or according to your Honors judgment, so 
that thereby, and by other means still to be decided 
upon, the old debts^ under which the City groans may 
for once be paid off, when we shall be able to pay more 
attention to all necessary repairs and improvements. 
Awaiting your Honors favorable decision, we remain; 

Your Honors humble servants, the 
Schout, Burgomasters, and Schepens 
of the City of Amsterdam in New 
Netherland. 
(Signed) Allard Anthony (below stood) 

By their order. 
(Signed) Johannes Nevius, 

Secretary. 

Dated Amsterdam, in New 
Netherland, 27th. January, 
1661. 



THE BURGHER RIGHT. 36 

The foregoing petition having been received and 
read, the question was put and the following answer 
given : 

For reasons given in the annexed petition, the 
Director General and Council of New Netherland 
decide, that all persons shall lose their Burgher Right 
and the privileges thereof who absent themselves from 
this City for the period of four consecutive months, and 
have not kept fire and light ; but this is not to apply to 
persons who have been burghers here for some years, 
and who do not make it a habit to go away and come 
back. 

The second request is denied by the Director Gen- 
eral and Council, with this concession and restriction, 
however : that the peddlers [Schotsen] moving about, 
who desire to go to Fort Orange or elsewhere within 
the six weeks, which under the order of the Director 
General and Council of 25th. May, 1660, they are 
obliged to remain here, shall pay once 20 fl. in beavers 
or the value thereof. 

31st. January, 1661. 

State A re hives t Albany. 



II. 



ROLL OF FREEMEN, 



FREEMEN. 



City of 



1 



New Yorke ' ^^• 

At a Speciall Court of Sessions holden at ye Citty Hall 
the 24th. day of November [1675], for the takeing 
and giveing the Oath hereunder written to all 
Such persons as shall come to receive and take the 
same. 

Gabriel Minvielle, Deputy Mayor in the 

absence of Mr. Nicholas De Meyer, 
Mr. Thomas Gibbs, 
Mr. Stephanus Van Courtlandt, 
Mr. Thomas Lewis, 

Aldermen. 

You doe sweare by the name of the Almighty God 
that you and every of you wijl bee true Subjects to 
the King of Great Brittaine ; and will obey all such 
comandements as you Shall receive from his Maj?stie 
his Royall Highnesse James Duke of Yorke and Such 
Governours and Officers as from time to time are ap- 
pointed over you by his authority and none other, 
whilst you Live in any of his Majesties Territoryes. 
So helpe you God. 

Sworne before me Gabriel Minvielle. 

Persons sworne. 

Peter Windsor, 
John Laurens, Junior, 
William Sidnam, 



40 FREEMEN, l675. 

Thomas Taylor, 
William Pinhorne, 
Andries Meyer, 
Patrick Arnott, 
Hendrick Van Burssen, 
John Janssen, 
Peter Janssen, 
Francis Wessells, 
Domine Jacobus Fabricus, 
Johannes Meyer, 
Asserus Hendricks, 
Nicholas Du Puy, 
Hans Scoderus, 
Hendrick Ten Eyck, 

ohn Van Loney, 

ustice Whitefield, 
Nicholas Blanke, 
Hendrick Dusbrough, Junior, 
Andries Res, 

ohn Charles Russel, 
Robert Witty, 
Matthew Hilliard, 
Samuel Whiteway, 
John Chesam, 
Clement Sebrach, 
George Delloe. 
Englebart Lot. 
Matthys Blanchon, 
John Tuder. 

The 7th. of December, Anno. 1675. 

ohn Cooley, 
ohn Henry, 
David Jochemse. 

City Records. 

At a meeting of the Mayor and Aldermen 20th. 

January, 1675-6. 

Ordered that noe person or Merchant whatsoever 



FREEMEN, 1676. 41 

shall sell, or cause to bee sold, or put to sale any Goods, 
wares and Merchandizes by Retale upon paine to forfeit 
all such goods, wares and merchandizes unless such 
person or persons are Free-men or made Free or 
Burgers of this Citty, and settled housekeepers for the 
space of one yeare or given security for the same : 
Unless by Speciall Licence from the Mayor and Alder- 
men with the approbacon of the Governor. And if any 
Person or Persons soe made free shall depart from this 
Citty by the space of six months Unless such Person or 
persons so departing shall during that time keepe fire 
and Candle Light and pay Scott and Lott, shall Loose 
his and their freedome ; and that all and every Merchant 
hereafter to bee made free shall pay for the same. Six 
Bevers ; And all Handecraft trades and others to pay 
two Bevers for their being made freemen ; (Unless by 
Speciall order of Court.) 

City /Records. 

At a meeting of the Deputy Mayor and Aldermen 

5th. June, 1676. 

Ordered that all and every PsOns giveing Security 
according to the Orders made in Capt. Nicolls Marality 
and Mr. Darvalls ; shall bee made freemen of this Citty 
accordingly. 

City Records. 



At a meeting of the Mayor and Aldermen 9th. Novem- 
ber, 1676. 
Citty of 
New Yorke 



[ss. 



These are to Certify all Persons whom these Presents 
may Concerne or Come that the Bearer hereof Datid 
Jochamse, the Seaventh day of December One Thou- 
sand Six Hundred Seaventy an five did take the Oath 
of Fidelity to our Souveraigne Lord the Kinge and his 
Royall Highness James Duke of Yorke, and that there- 
upon hee was made a free Burger of this Citty and taken 



42 FREEMEN, 1 678-9. 

to bee an English Man within this Citty and Collony and 
hath ye same Priviledges and Libertyes as any other 
of his Majesties Subjects within this Citty and Collony. 
Witness my hand and Seale of ye said Citty this 
Ninth day of November in the Eight and Twentieth 
yeare of the Raigne of our most Gracous Soveraigne 
Lord Charles the Seconde Kinge of England &c. 
Annoq. Dom. 1676. 

[Nicholas Demeyer, Mayor.] 

City Records. 

At a meeting of the Mayor and Aldermen 4th. Novem- 
ber, 1678. 
Citty of I 
New York [ ^^' 

These are to certifie all persons whom it may con- 
cerne, that the Bearers hereof Cornelius Jacobson and 
Matthias van der Heathen this present day did take 
theire Oaths of Fidellittie to our Soveraigne Lord the 
King, and his Royall Highnisse James Duke of York, 
and that thereupon they were made Free Burghers of 
this Citty and Collony, and have the same Libberties 
& Privilledges as any other of his Majesties Subjects 
within the said Citty and Collony. 

Witnesse my hand and the Seale of the said Citty 
the fourth day of November in the 30th yeare of the 
Raigne of our Soveraigne Lord Charles the Second 
by the Grace of God, of England, Scottland, France 
and Ireland, King Defender of the Faith &c. Annoq. 
Dni. 1678. 

[Thomas Delavall, Mayor.] 

City Records. 

Qitty of ) 
New Yorke ) 

At a Court of Record holden at the Citty Hall the 

14th. of January, 1678-9. 

Before Thomas Dellavall Mayor and a full Court. 
\ Arnolt Legrange merchant made a free Burger of 



FREEMEN, 1680. 43 

the Citty aforesaid Hee conforming himself in all things 
accordinge to the Lawes, Rules and Orders made and 
established within the said Citty and obey and performe 
the same. 

Six Beavers paid to Mr. Mayor. 

City Records. 



Cytie of ] 
New York j ^^• 

The Court of Record of the Cytie aforesaid holden the 

6th. day of July, 1680. 

Before Francis Romboult Mayor and Alderman. 

Mr. Will : Pinhorne, Merchant made a free Burger 
of the Cytie aforesaid, he conforming himselfe in all 
things according to the Lawes, Rules and Orders made 
and Established within the said Cytie and obey and 
performe the same. 

Six Beavers paid to 

City Records, 



Petition of the Mayor and Common Council of New 

York for a new Charter. 

To the Right Honorable Coll" Thomas Dongan Esqf 
Lieutenant and Governor & Vice Admirall under 
His Royall Highness James Duke of York and 
Albany &c. of New York and Dependencyes in 
America. 

The Humble Peticon of the Mayor and Aldermen 
& Commonalty of the Citty of New York. 

Sheweth 

That this Citty hath had and enjoyed severall ancient 
Customes Priviledges and Immunityes which were con- 
firmed and granted to them by Coll" Richard Nicholls 
the late Governor of this Province by authority under 
His Royal Highness A^ i665 who incorporated the 



44 FREEMEN, 1680. 

Inhabitants thereof New Harlem and all other Inhabi- 
tants on the Island Manhattans whereon this Citty 
standeth as one body Politique and Corporate under 
the Government of a Mayor Aldermen an Sherifl' in 
which manner it hath continued in practice ever since 
and hath had, used and enjoyed the Customes, Liber- 
tyes and Priviledjjes following, Viz : 

T. That all the Inhabitants on the Island Manhattans 
was under the Government of the Citty of New York. 

2. That the Governing of the said Citty was by seven 
Magistrates and a Schout formerly called Burgemasters 
and Schepens now one Mayor, six Aldermen and one 
Sheriffe. 

3. These Magistrates had power to appoint all in- 
ferior Officers as Constables and Overseers, Under 
Sheriffes, Cryers, and Marshalls throughout the whole 
Island and also did make such peculiar Lawes and 
Orders as they judge convenient for the well governeing 
the Inhabitants of the said Corporation and held once 
in fourteen dayes or oftener on Speciall request or oc- 
casion a Court of Judicature att the City Hall where 
they did heare and determine all causes and Matters 
whatsoever brought before them by Jury or in Equity 
as the cause required. The Mayor or chief Magistrate 
had power to determine all matters that came before 
him under forty shillings without appeale or any other 
process then a verball heareing of partyes. 

4. The Sheriffes served all writts, summons, and 
attachments within the Limmitts of the Corporation 
and officiated as Watterbayliff on the water. 

5. They had theire owne Gierke and kept the 
Records of the Citty distinctly. 

6. This Citty was the Staple porte of the whole 
Province where all merchandize was Shipped and un- 
loaden. 

7. None were to bee esteemed Freemen of the Citty 
but who were admitted by the Magistrates aforesaid 
and none before such admission to sell by Retayle or 
Exercise any handicraft trade or occupacOn and every 



FREEMEN, 1680. 45 

merchant or shopkeeper was to pay for the publique 
use of the Citty three pounds, twelve shillings. Every 
tiandy crafts man one pound foure shillings on being 
made free. 

8. Noe Freeman of the Citty was to be arrested or to 
have their goods attached unless it was made to appeare 
that they were departeing or conveying away their 
Estates to defraude their Creditors. 

9. Noe person was admitted to trade up Hudson 
River except hee was a Freeman and had been an actual! 
inhabitant in this Citty for the space of three yeares. 
And if any Freeman should bee absent out of the Citty 
the space of Twelve moneths and not keepe fire 
and candle and pay Scott and lott should loose his 
Freedom. 

10. All that Inhabite up Hudson's River were forbid 
to trade over sea. 

11. Noe Flower was to be bolted or packed or bis- 
kett made for Exportacon butt in the Citty of New 
York being for the encouragment of trade and keepeing 
up the ReputacOn of New York flower which is in 
greater request in the West Indies and the only sup- 
port and maintennance of the Inhabitants of this Citty 
and if not confirmed to them will ruine and depopulate 
the same. 

12. That the said Citty had a Common Seale to serve 
for the sealeing of all and singular their affaires, matters 
and businesses touching the said Corporation. 

All which said ancient Customes, Priviledges and 
Libertyes wee the said Mayor and Aldermen in behalfe 
of themselves and the Cittizens of the said Citty doe 
humbly present and make knowne to your Hono' 
Humbly beseeching yo*" Hono"" in their behalfs to Inter- 
ceed and procure that the same bee confirmed to them 
by Charter from his Royall Highnesse with these Addi- 
cons following, viz^ 

1. That the said Corporation bee divided into six 
wards. 

2. That the Freemen in each ward doe once every 



46 FREEMEN, 1680. 

yeare elect their own Officers that is to say Alder- 
men, Common Councilmen, Constable, Overseers of the 
poore, Assessors, Scavengers, Questmen, or other offi- 
cers useful! and necessary for the said Corporation and 
Ward. 

3. That there bee a Mayor and a Recorder who with 
the said six Aldermen and six Common Councillmen 
shall represent the whole body of the said Citty and 
Corporation and shall have power to make peculiar lawes 
for the good government and support thereof. 

4. That a Mayor bee appointed every yeare by the 
Governor and Councill and to bee one of the Aldermen 
soe chosen as aforesaid. 

5. That all Magistrates soe chosen shall not be ad- 
'mitted to the Execucon of their offices untill sworne 
before the Governor and Councill. 

6. That the Recorder bee appointed by the Governor 
and Councill who shall bee Judge of the Citty and Cor- 
poration and bee aydeing ^nd assisteing to the Mayor 
and Aldermen & Common Councill in all matters that 
relate to the well beinge and supporte thereof. 

7. That a Sheriffe bee annually appointed by the 
Governor and Councill. 

8. That the Coroner & Town Clerk be appointed 
by the Governor & Councill. 

9. That the Mayor Recorder, Aldermen and Com- 
mon Councill doe appoint a Threasurer for collecting 
and payeing all publique debts and Revenues. 

This and whatever else Your Honor or his Royall 
Highnesse shall think fitt, necessary & convenient for 
the good rule, order and welfare of this Citty and 
Corporation your peticioners humbly praye may bee 
graunted and confirmed to them in as full and ample 
manner and forme as His Majesty has been graciously 
pleased to graunt to other Corporations within his 
Realme of England for the Obteyneing of which they 
again humbly begg Your Honor to become theyr sup- 
plicant whose kyndeness and service therein shall bee 
most thankfully acknowledged. 



FREEMEN, 1 683-4. 4/ 

And as in duty bound Your peticioners shall ever 
pray &c. 

Will Beeckman, 

Johannes Van Brug, 

John Lawrence, 

Pieter Jacobs Marius, 

J a. Graham, 

Corn. Steenwyck, 

N. Bayard, 
• New-Yorke November 9th. 1683. 

Documents relative to the Colonial History of New York^ II. 337. 
Also entered on City Records, 



At a Common Council held the i5th. Day of March, 

1683-4. 

These following Lawes and Orders were made Or- 
dained, and Enacted, Viz. 

* * * ' « « 

Freemen 

That noe Person or Persons whatsoever within this 
Citty or Libertyes doe keep Shop and Sell any Goodes 
or Wares, by Retaile or Exercise any handicraft. Trade 
or Occupation but such as are Freemen thereof or soe 
Admitted by the Mayor or Court of Aldermen for the 
tyme being, under Penalty of five Pounds for each 
offence. And All Persons hereafter to be made free, 
shall pay as followeth, Every merchant. Trader, or 
Shop Keeper, the Summe of three Pounds Twelve 
shillings and every Handicraft man One Pound four 
shillings, on being made free as aforesayd for the use 
of this City. 

That if Freeman shall be absent out of this Citty by 
the Space of Twelve monthes, and not Keep fire and 
Candle, and Pay Scott and Lott he shall Loose his 
Freedome. 

City Records. 



48 FREEMEN, 1 686. 

At a Common Council held the 24th. of April, 1686. 

It was ordered that **the fee for Freedomes *' be five 
pounds. 

City Records. 



Extract from the Charter of the City of New York 
granted by Governor Dongan the 20th. of April, 
1686. 

And Know Yee that for the better orovernment of 
the Said City and for the welfare of the Said Citizens 
Tradesmen and Inhabitants thereof I do by these pres- 
ents for and on the behalf of his most Sacred Majesty 
his Heirs and Successors give and grant to the Said 
Mayor Aldermen and Commonalty of the Said City and 
their Successors that the Mayor Recorder and Alder- 
men or the Mayor and any three or more of the Alder- 
men for the time being Shall from time to time and all 
times hereafter have full power and Authority under 
the Common Seal to make free Citizens of the Said 
City and Liberties thereof and no person or persons 
whatsoever other than Such free Citizens shall here- 
after use any Art trade Mystery or manual Occupation 
within the Said City Liberties and precincts thereof 
saving in the times of Faires there to be kept and 
during the Continuance of such Faires only and in case 
any person or persons whatsoever not being free Citi- 
zens of the Said City as aforesaid Shall at any time 
hereafter use or exercise any Art trade Mystery or 
manual Occupation or Shall by himself themselves or 
others Sell or expose to Sale any manner of Merchan- 
dise or wares whatsoever by Retaile in any house Shop 
or place or Standing within the Said City or the Liber- 
ties or precincts thereof no Faire being then kept in the 
Said City and Shall persist therein after warning to him 
or them given or left by the appointment of the Mayor 
of the Said City for the time being at the place or 
places where Such person or persons Shall so use or 
exercise any Art trade Mystery or manual Occupation 



FREEMEN, 1 69 1. 49 

or Shall Sell or expose to Sale any wares or merchan- 
dises as aforesaid by retail then it Shall be lawfull for 
the Mayor of the Said City for the time being to cause 
Such Shop windows to be Shut up and also to Impose 
Such reasonable fine for Such Offence not Exceeding 
five pounds for every respective Offence and the same 
Fine and Fines So Imposed to Levy and take by War- 
rant under the Common Seal of the Said City for the 
time being by Distress and Sale of the goods and 
Chatties of the person or persons So Offending in the 
premises found within the Libertys or precincts of the 
Said City rendering to the party or parties the overplus 
or by any other lawful ways or means whatsoever to the 
only Use of the Said Mayor Aldermen and Common- 
alty of the Said City of New York and their Successors 
without any Account to be rendered made or done to 
the Lieutenants Governours or Commanders in Chief of 
this province for the Same Provided that no person or 
persons Shall be made free as aforesaid but Such as are 
his Majestys natural born Subjects or Such as Shall 
first be naturalized by Act of general Assembly or Shall 
have Obtained Letters of Denization under the hand of 
the Lieutenant Governour or Commander in Chief for 
the time being and Seal of the province And that all 
persons to be made free as aforesaid Shall and do pay 
for the publick use of the Said Mayor Aldermen and 
Commonalty of the Said City Such Sum and Sums of 
money as heretofore hath been used and accustomed to 
be paid and received on their being admitted Freemen 
as aforesaid provided it is not exceeding the sum of 
Five pounds. 

Manual of the Corporatiot^^ 1868. 



At a Common Council held the 24th. of April, 1691. 

Freemen 

That no person or persons whatsoever within this 
Citty or Libertyes doe keep Shop and Sell any goods 

4 



5o FREEMEN, 1 69 1. 

or wares by Retaile or Exercise any Handicraft trade 
or Occupacon but such as are Freemen thereof or so 
admitted by the Mayor or Court of Aldermen for the 
time being under penalty of five pound for Each offence 
and all Persons hereafter to bee made free shall pay 
as followeth, Every Merchant Trader or Shop Keeper, 
the summe of three pounds Twelve Shillings besides 
fees, and Every handicraft man, one pound four shillings, 
besides fees, on being made free as aforesaid for the 
Use of this Citty. 

City Records. 

At a Common Council held the 9th. of May, 1691. 

Ordered. That all the Inhabitants of this Citty 
shall bee Warned by Mr, Thomas Clarke (in ye name of 
ye Sherife) to produce their Freedoms to Retaile or 
use any handicraft trade within this Citty, are hereby 
Required to Satisfie the said Clarke in their Freedoms 
or give Sattisfaction to the Mayor of the Citty within 
fourteen dayes time after such Demand made by Mr. 
Clarke upon Forfieture of Twenty Shillings for the Use 
of the Citty. 

City Records, 

At a Common Council held the i5th. of October, 1691. 

• 

Mr, Mayor Called this Common Council to read the 
Charter and to make Inspection into the former Order 
made since Governor Slaughters arrivall in order to a 
further proceeding in the business of this Citty. 

Upon which the said foregoing Orders was perused 
continued and confirmed and Ordered to be Entred 
accordingly being as followeth. 

« « « « « 

That no person or persons whatsoever within this 
Citty or Liberty es doe keep Shop and Sell any goods 
or wares by Retaile or exercise any Handecraft Trade 
or occupacSn but Such as are Freemen thereof or so 



FREEMEN, 1 694. 5 1 

admitted by the Mayor or Court of Aldermen for the 
time being under penalty of five Pounds for each of- 
fence and all Persons hereafter to be made Free shall 
pay as followeth. 

Every Merchant Trader or Shop Keeper the Summe 
of Three pounds Twelve Shillings besides fees and 
Every handecraft man one pound foure Shillings besides 
Fees on being made free as aforesaid for the Use of 
this Citty. 

That all the Inhabitants of this Citty shall be warned 
by the Sheriffe to produce their Freedoms to retaile or 
use any handecrafte Trade within this Citty are hereby 
required to satisfie the Said Sheriffe in their Freedoms 
or give Satisfaction to the Mayor of the Citty within 
fourteen days time after such demand made by the 
Sheriffe upon forfeiture of Twenty Shillings for the 
Use of the City. 

City Records. 



At a Common Council held the 5th. of February, 169 1-2. 

Ordered that after Proclamacon that any handecrafts- 
men Tradesmen or others within this Citty who (have 
not taken out Freedoms) to come and take out the sam 
and that shall neglect so doeing and be presented by 
the Sheriffe or Marshall for every such Freeman soe 
presented the Sheriffe or Marshall who shall present 
them Shall have a fee allowed him of Six Shillings. 

City Records. 



At a Common Council held the 25th. of October. i6q4.. 

This day the following Laws Orders and Ordinances 
were read and Approved of and after the Ringing of 
three bells were Published & Ordered yt the same be 
printed, Viz. 

No. 3. Concerning Freemen. 

City Records. 



52 FREEMEN, 1 694-95. 

At a Common Council held the i6th. of January, 

1 694-5. 

Ordered that a List of the Names be taken of all the 
Freemen of this Corporation and that for the Effectuall 
doeing thereof the Mayor, Assisted with any two Alder- 
men, doe meet on Every Wensday Morning at the 
Citty Hall from Nine to Eleaven of the Clock untill the 
same be perfected and also that an Oath be Drawn up 
& Administred to all such as shall be made Free or 
are already Free according to the Usage & Practice of 
Corporations in England, 

Ordered that Noe Merchant or handy Craft Trades- 
man Shall take any Prentice to teach or Instruct them 
in their Trade or Calling without being bound by In- 
dentures before the Mayor, Recorder, or any more of 
ye Aldermen of the said Citty and Registred In the 
To'wn Clerkes Office and not for a Less Terme than four 
Yeares ; and at the Expiration of the Indentures the 
said Apprentice Shall be made Free of the said Citty 
by his said Master if he have well and truely served him ; 
And that the Clerke have for Registring each Inden- 
ture of Apprenticeship as aforesaid the sum of three 
Shillings to be paid by the Master of such Apprentice 
bound as aforesaid. 

City Records 

Names of Several Persons made Free of the 

City of New York. 

1683. Septembr 29'^ Phillip Jones, 

Phillip Richards, 
Andrew Bown, 
Richard Jones, 
October i**. Daniell Veenvos, 

Elyas Leyten, 
Jasper Nessepott, 
Edward Burling, 
Jacobus Ver Hoist, 



October i", 


lo"", 


I a* 


22°" 



FREEMEN, 1 694-95. 63 

1683. October i^ William Lee, 

John Johnson Flemsburgh, 
William Frampton, 
Francis Richardson, 
Francis Parsons, 
Thomas Rod, 
Robert White, 
Matthew Taylor, 
John White, 
Edward Anthill, 
Cornelius Bulsenk, 

Paulus Yeurksen, 
Henry Batchelor, 
Thomas Ho6k, 
Thomas Robinson, 

1684. August 6^. Isaac Lausen, 

Richard Ashfield, 
Daniell Preler, 
Rowland Duboo. 

The names aforesaid are a true Copy of A Paper 
left by Mr. John West Entitled A List of Several 
Persons made Freemen of the City of New York 
which is the handwriting of the Said Mr. West. 

N. Bayard Mayor. 

1686. July 12^. Stephen DeLancey, Mer- 

chant. 



Names of Persons made free of the Said City Since 
the date of the Commission to John Knights to 
be Clerk of the Said City. 

1687. April 28^ William Henley, 

May — Joost Paldink, 
June 6^. Bartholemew Le Roux. 
July 6^. John Outman, 
25^, Johannes Mortier, 



54 FREEMEN, 1 694-95. 

1687. August 5^**. George Brown, 

Samuell Burt, 
Daniell Butts, 
Edward King, 
Samuell Holland, 
10^, Lewis Bongrand, 
Robert Skelton, 
October lo^. Thomas Burrows, 
13^. William Jackson. 



Freemen made in the Mayorality of Stephanus Van 

Cortlandt Esq**. 

December i'\ Henry Leconte, 

Elias Nezereau, 
1687-8, January 2**^ Nathaniel Thomson Berrow, 

25^. Isaac Henriquez, 
Batholemew Hull, 
April 27^. Simon Bonan, 
May 11^. David Robles, 

26^^ Elias Boudinot, 
June i'\ John Haynes. 
July 30^^ Thomas Milton, 
August 3*"^ Gabriell Le Boyteaux, 
October ii^\ Lewis Carree, 
November 27^. Dennis Lambart, 
1690-1. Febmary 25^. John Barberie, 

May 21^. Jacob Mayle, 
Henry Mayle, 
Samuell Staats, 
Anna Van Skayk, 
Myles Forster, 
ohn Ellison, 
^awrence Reade, 
29^. Joseph Blyndenburgh, 
Benjamin Blyndenburgh, 
Thomas Roberts, 
Nathaniell Marston, 



FREEMEN, 1 694-95. 55 

T69T. May 29^**. Peter Chaineau, 

Oliver Besly, 
Peter Belin, 
June 5^. Ezekiel Grazelier, 
Francis Hulin, 
John Watson, 
Samuell Akid, 
Simon Arnold, 
9^. Lawrence Cornefleau, 
II*^ Peter Morin, 
15^. Lewis Davis, 
John Rose, 
Edward Graham, 
13. John Peters Melott, 
15. Henry Ford, 
26. Bernard Richardson, 
July 16. Peter Barkins, 
August 17^. Joshua David Sen^, 

Joshua David, Jun^, 
Daniell Tearle, 
John Theobald, 
Michael Boucher. 



Freemen made in the Mayorality of Abraham De 

Peyster Esq**. 

1692. March 30^. Caleb Heathcote, 

Robert Mellen, 
April i'\ James Salmon, 
Paul Baugnioux, 

13. Peter Villeponteaux, 

14. William Day, 
May 3^ Paul Droilhet, 

August 26. Andrew Faucott, 
September 30. Robert Anderson, 

October 2$^\ Robert Downs, Merchant, 
December 20^. Andrew Groves, 

William Gray, 



56 FREEMEN, 1 694-95. 

1693. April 26'^. John van Sevenhoul, 

William Moyon, 
June 2 2"*. Thomas Lawrence, 
Jacob Moonah, 
Thomas Chambers, 
October 13^. Robert Hawkins. 



Freemen made in the Mayorality of Charles 

Lodwik Esq"". 

1694. March 2f^. Edward Courte, 

Richard Plastead, 
30*. Nicholas Fielding, 
April i2^\ John Van Stryde, 
May i5^\ William Bickley, Sen*"., 
September 20^^ Henry Crosley, 
Decem*''^ 14^. Capt. John Evans, 

Charles Ribot, Tallow Chan- 
dler, 
1694-5. February 20^. Hugh Bathursby, Butcher, 

March 28'\ John Hutchins, 

John Hooks, ) . , , 
30^\ John Hope, (.Alehouse 

T^ • 11 cl • \ keepers, 
Darnell Stremg, ) ^ 

April i*\ John Miller, Chirurgeon, 

2^ Ouzeel Van Swieten, Mer- 
chant, 
ohn Clapp, Victualler, 
18^. Francis Leconte, Victualler, 
24^^ Stephen Jamain, Merchant, 
John Androuet, Victualler, 
Caleb Trowbridge, Gentle- 
man, 
May 8'\ Chidley Brooke, Esq^, 

Daniell Honan, Gentleman, 
Capt. Peter Mathews, 
William Sharpas, Town 
Clerk, 



FREEMEN, 1 695. 



57 



695. 



May 8'\ 



th 



1&\ 



II* 



T A^ 



2 2°. 
28^ 

June 5^ 

i8^ 

27^. 

29'''. 

August 8'^ 

26^ 



Joseph Smith, Gentleman, 
_ ohn Morris, Gentleman, 
Nicholas Jamain, Merchant, 
Michael Toose, Gentleman, 
Lieut. John Bulkley, 
Thomas Monsey, Gentleman, 
Matthew Clarkson Esq""., 
Capt. Benjamin Phipps, 
John Tuder, Jun""., 
Nicolls Tuder, 
John Davy, Victualler, 
William Janeway, Gentle- 
man, 
John Basford, Gentleman, 
William Bradford, Printer, 
Thomas Parmyter, Gunner, 
John Ashton, Storekeeper, 
Thomas Joes, Confectioner, 
Matthew Ling, Merchant, 
Richard Willett, Merchant, 
Benjamin Aske, Merchant, 
William Prusher, Butcher, 
David Vilant, Schoolmaster, 
Thomas Wood, Gentleman, 
Andrew Lawrence, 
Richard Russell, Glover, 
Zacheus Van Tyne, 
Moses Levy, 
William Douglas, 
Henry Jourdain, 
Hendrick Apple, 
Adam Carlee, Weaver, 
Gabriel Tomson, 
Andrew Hamilton Esq''.,Gov. 
of the Jerseys, Compli- 
mented, 
Daniell Parks Esq^, Com- 
plimented, 
John Hastier, Shopkeeper, 



FREEMEN, 1 695. 

95. October ii^. Aaron Schuyler Merchant, 



12***. lohn Le Chevalier, Joyner, 



ohn Bouie, 
ohn De Latane. 



men made in the Mayorality of William Merrett 

Esq^ 

November I"^ Alexander Walker, Baker, 
18*. John Geddes, Carpenter, 
John Kemball, 
John Williams, 
29^. Edward Hunt, Joyner, 
December 5^^ George Rescarrick, Victual- 
ler, 
Samuell Phillips, Blacksmith, 
I6^^ Zachariah Angevine, Taylor, 
Anthony Farmer, Victualler, 
John Parlier, Ship Carpenter, 
Lawrence Waldron, Barber, 
i8^\ Edmund Thomas, Labourer, 
Daniell De Voor, Carman, 

R[egistered], 
Cornelius Eggerson, Car- 
man, R 
Seevaas Vlierboom, Carman, 

R 
Thomas Smith, Carman, R 
John Langstraet, Carman, R 
Obadiah Solby, Carman, R 
John Theunison Van Til- 
borough, R 
John Douw, Carman, R 
Gerrett Cousine, R 
Evert Brass, R 
Peter Bogart, R 
Gerrett Brass, R 
John Baker, R 



FREEMEN, 1 695-96. 



59 



1 695. December 1 8^. 



20^. 



21 



th 



24^ 



1695-6. January 28^^ 

February 7^^ 

April — . 

May 18^. 

22^ 

June 9^\ 



20'^ 
23'. 



July i6^ 
August I'^ 

I4^^ 

i8^ 
September i4^\ 

i6r 



Hendrick Jansen Van Bre- 
voort, R[egistered] 

Clause Jansen, R 

William Pierce, R 

Theunis Quick, R 

Isaac Abramson, R 

Youren Blanck, R 

Leonard Degrave, Carman, 

R 
ohn Thomas, R 
ames Mills, Merchant, R 
leyneur Mynderts, R 

Lodowick Vandenbergh, R 

Henry Baignoux, R 

Roger Baker, Victualler, 

James Wells, 

Isaac Gamier, Cordwainer, 

Lewis Giton, Chirurgeon, 

Francis Cooley, Carman, 

John Sharp, Carpenter, 

Peter Oday, Carman,* 
ohn Doublett, Carman, 
ohn Horton, Victualler, 

Richard Yearsly, 

William Whitty, Mariner, 

John Kissime, Carman, 

Isaac Lenoir, 

William Bickley, Jun""., 

Burker Mynderts, Black- 
smith, 

Peter Pangborne, Carman, 

Isaac Sloover, Shopkeeper, 

Richard Potter, 

David de Bonrepos, 

John Righton, 

Harmen Rutgerson, Brewer, 

Adrian Hoghlandt, Mer- 
chant, 



See Appendix No. 6. 



3" 

1 2th 


,3th 

April 6"^. 


24* 



60 FREEMEN, 1 696 -98. 

1696. September 23**. Henry Francklin, Bricklayer, 
October 15. Jacob Do Porto, Merchant, 
I7*^ Isaac Holsenbeeck, Labour- 
er, 
iS^. Johannes Cross, 
November 23^ John Abeel, 
1696-7. January 6^. William Green, 

February i*^ John Stevens, Tallow Chan- 
dler, 
Thomas Alleson, 
Johannes De Wandelaer, 

Merchant, 
Johannes Cuyler, Merchant, 
Matthew Gracy, . 
Edmund Thomas, 
William Randall, 
Jane Machett, 

Johannes Vanderhayden, 
Taylor, 
July i^\ Evert Banker, Merchant, 
August 21*. Bartholemew Vouck, Taylor, 
September j^. Kis Excellency Coll. Benja- 
min Fletcher, Govornour, 
&c., 
13*. Thomas Young, Gentleman, 
17^. Isaac Rodrigues Marques, 
David Jamison, Gentleman, 
Thomas Swainy, Carman, 
1697-8. January 18^. John Dewilde, Pottmaker, 
February 10^^. Garrett Lansinge, Baker, 
March 3^. Johannes Fontyn, Carman, 
29*^ Ann Sydenham, 

William Morehead, Mer- 
chant, 
William Simmons, Gunner, 
May 10^. John Page, Whiting Maker, 
1 1'**. Samuell Bradford, Mariner, 
Joseph Cross, Blacksmith, 
John Packer, Bricklayer, 



FREEMEN, 1 697-8. 6 1 

1697-8. May ii^\ Richard Wise, 

John Heath, Sadler, 
I2^^ John Tayler, A Taylor, 
13^. James Wright, Tallow Chan- 
dler, 
16'*". Abram Wybrant. Shoemak- 
er, R[egistred] 
. William Phillips, R 
Andries Teller Jun^. R 
Thomas Howarden, R 
Joseph Harwood, R 
20*\ Daniell Latham, Ship- 
Wright, 
Joseph Latham, Ship Car- 
penter, R 
James Graham Esq^, Re- 
corder, R 
Augustine Graham, Gentle- 
man, R 
Thomas Palmer, Merchant, R 
Phillip French, Merchant, R 
Cornelius Jacobs, R 
Thomas Noel, Merchant, R 
Renatus Rezeau, Mason, 
John Latham, Ship Carpen- 
ter, 
John Coesart, Merchant, 
Jonathan Wood, Blockmaker, 
22**. Esther David, Widdow, 
June 6*^ Timothy Kelly, Brickmaker, 
Isaac Fernandas Diaz, Mer- 
chant, 
14^. Hendrick Vanhooven, Shop- 
keeper, 
Joshua Burle, Butcher, 
Matthew Collineau, Mer- 
chant, 
16^. Hugh Farquhar, Chirurgeon, 
lS^^ Thomas Adams, Stationer, 



62 FREEMEN, 1 698. 

1698. June 18*. Daniell Crommelin, Mer- 

chant, 
Charles Crommelin, Mer- 
chant, 
20^. Elias Peltreau, Tallow Chan- 
dler, R 
John Peltreau, Tallow Chan- 
dler, R 
Abraham Rezeau, Brick- 
layer, R 
25*^ Hendrick Metslaer, Black- 
smith, R 
30^. William Leathes, Sadler, 
July 5*^ William Merrett Esq^, May- 
or, R 
Paul Richard Esq^, Alder- 
man, R 
Cornelius Vicle, Chirurgeon, 

R 
Everardus Bogardus, Silver 

Smith, R 
Johannes Vanderhule, Bolt- 
er, R 
Garrett Hollar, Mariner, R 
Elias Boudinott, R 
Peter Boudinott, R 
John Merrett, Gentleman, R 
Abram Van Duerse, Shoe- 
maker, R 
l2*^ Abram Vanhorne, Baker, R 

Robert White, Joyner, R 
19^. Enoch Hill, Cryer and Bell- 
man, R 
Jacob Boelen Esq^, Alder- 
man, R 
Dirck Benson, Pott Baker, R 
Olphert Suerts, R 
23^ Alexander Paxton, School 
Master, 



FREEMEN, 1 698. 63 

1698. July 23^ John Brawdy, Carpenter, 

26^^ Peter White, Joyner, R 
John Vanhorne, Bolter, R 
Cornelius Kiersteade, Silver 

Smith, R 
Henry Coleman, Butcher, R 
John White, Joyner, R 
Robert Sincklair, Mariner, R 
William Morris, Merchant, R 
August 3**. James Emott, Gen^ Att. at 

Law, Complimented, 
9*^ William Gait, Barber, 
John Harris, Mariner, 
Teunis Tiebout, Carpenter, R 
Gerrett Burger, Carpenter, R 
Evert Vandewater, Bolter, R 
Rene Rezeau Jun^, Mason, R 
William Haywood, Ship- 
wright, R 
Walter Hyer, Shoemaker, R 
Gerrett Hyer, Cooper, R 
Leonard Lewis Esq^, Alder- 
man, R 
David Provoost Esq^, Alder- 
man, R 
John Tuder Sen^, Gentle- 
man, R 
Francis Vincent, Sayle- 

maker, R 
Benjamin Wyncoope, Silver 

Smith, R 
John Perry, Carpenter, R 
Petrus Kip, Cooper, R 
Garrett Viele, Bazier, R 
Isaac Montagne, R 
Isaac Kip, Cooper, R 
Jacob Blom, Turner, R 
16^^'. William Shuttlewood, Felt- 
maker, 



64 FREEMEN, 1 698. 

1698. August 16^. Jane Tayler, Widdow, 

Thomas Clarke, Merchant, R 
Adrian Man, Shoemaker, R 
David Coesart, Mason, R 
Johannes Vreedenburgh, Car- 
penter, R 
23"*. Job Perwidgh, 
Emanuell Young, 
John Davenport, 
William Jewell, 
Jacobus Kierstead, Chirur- 

geon, R 
Jacob Bennett, Bolter, R 
William White, Hattmaker, 

R 
Jonathan Provoost, Cord- 

wainer, R 
Jacobus Cock, Cooper, R 
Nicholas Rosevelt, Bolter, R 
Gerrett Wouterse, Carpen- 
ter, R 
Urion Bush, Blacksmith, R 
Jacob Van Noostrandt, 

Black-Smith, R 
William Heyer, Cordwainer, 

R 
Peter Burger, Cooper, R 
Gerrett Degrave, Carpen- 
ter, R 
Justice Bush, Blacksmith, R 
Simon Bresteade, Cooper, R 
Solomon Fredricks, Carpen- 
ter, R 
Jacobus Isaacs, Carpenter, R 
Johannes Provoost, Cooper, 

R 
Barent Hibon, Cooper, R 
Samuell Sahane, Weaver, R 
John Cooley, Smith, R 



FREEMEN, 1 698. 65 

1698. August 23**. Henricus Beeckman, Cord- 

wainer, R 
William Pell, Ship Carpenter, 

R 
Peter Ryckman, Taylor, R 
William Nazarett, Cooper, R 
John Nerberry, Chirurgeon, 

R 
Jacob Provoost, Chirurgeon, 

R 
Urion Vandenbergh, Cord- 

wainer, R 
John Russell, Brewer, R 
Thomas Lewis, Bolter, R 
Jacob Van Geosen, Carpen- 
ter, R 
ohannes Plevier, Cooper, R 
oseph Isaacks, Butcher, R 
ockam Rawlifson, Cordwain- 
er, R 
Johannes Van Voorst, Black- 
smith, R 
Gerrett Janse Roos, Carpen- 
ter. R 
John Woodard, Cordwainer, 

R 
Andries Abramse, Cordwain- 
er, R 
John Euwatse, Pottmaker, R 
Thomas Pell, Ship Carpen- 
ter. R * 
Johannes Bant. Cooper, R 
30*. William Mountfourd, Stone 
Cutter, 
Edward Everett, Butcher, 
Robert Mason, Cordwainer, 
Arthur Bunyan, Merchant, 
Geoff ry Yellerton, Hatt- 
maker, 



66 



FREEMEN, 1 698. 



1698. 



August 30^. John Sheppard, Cooper, 

Joseph Davis, Victualler, R 
Gysbert Vanimburgh, Baker, 

R 
Peter Newkerke, Sayle- 

maker, R 
Albert Clock, Shoemaker, R 
Nicholas Blanck, Shoemaker, 

R 

Abraham Splinter, Cordwain- 
er, R 

Benjamin Provoost, Mariner, 
R 

Albertus Ringo, Cordwainer, 
R 

Johannes Hoghlandt, Mer- 
chant, R 

Johannes Hibon, Carpenter, 
R 

Dirck Teneyck, Cordwainer, 
R 

Zachariah Syckells, Black- 
smith, R 

Nicholas Gysberts, Carpen- 
ter, R 

Michael Hawden, Victualler, 

R 
ohn Laton, Carpenter, R 
ohn Willemse Roome, Car- 
penter, R 

Jacob Massing, Carpenter, R 

Abraham Mesier, Yeoman, R 

Claes Bogaert, Yeoman, R 

Francis Cowenhoven, Joyner, 
R 

Hendrick Francis, Ship Car- 
penter, R 

Peter Aerentse, Carpenter 
R 



^ 



FREEMEN, 1 698. 67 

1698. August 30^. Haman Koning, Bricklayer, 

R 

Thomas Roberts, Cooper, R 

Hermanus Meyer, Black- 
smith, R 

Robert Sanders, Trader, R 

Charles Deniseau, Weaver, 
R 

Peter Legrand, Tobacconist, 
R 

Johannes Mertier, Comb- 
maker, R 

William Roseboom, Baker, 
R 

Daniel] Waldron, Gun Stock- 
maker, R 

Joseph Waldron, Shoemaker, 
R 

Jacob Koning, Carpenter, R 

Jacob Phenix, Mariner, R 

Abraham Vangelder, Carpen- 
ter, R 

Isaac Depeyster, Merchant, 
R 

Jacobus Berry, Carpenter, R 

Johannes Burger, Cordwain- 
er, R 

Abraham Keteltas, Black- 
smith, R 

Leonard Huygen De Kleyn, 
Baker, R 

Peter Willemse Roome, Car- 
penter, R 

Ahasuerus Hendrickse, Sil- 
ver Smith, R 

Peter Symkam Sen""., Tay- 
lor, R 

Paulus Turk Jun^, Brick- 
layer, R 



68 FREEMEN, 1 698. 

1698. August 30^. Ryer Martense, Bricklay- 
er, R 

Timothy Francis, Mariner, R 

William Walton, Carpen- 
ter, R 

Johannes Vangelder, Car- 
penter, R 

Peter Vanderscure, Brick- 
layer, R 

Suert Olpherts, Bricklayer, R 

Jacob Bratt, Baker, R 

Aert Elbertse, Mariner, R 

Hendrick Tenbrooke, Car- 
penter, R 

George Scott, Blacksmith, R 

Peter Symkam Jun""., Bak- 
er, R 

John Waushaer, Carpenter, 
R 

Harmanus Burger, Black- 
smith, R 

Peter Jansen Bant, Cooper, 
R 

Isaac Isaackson Van Duerse, 
Cordwainer, R 

Hartman Wessells, Chirur- 
geon, R 

Peter Vantilborough, Baker, 
R 

ohn Beeckman, Merchant, R 

oseph Ellis, Mariner. R 
September 6^. Harman Van Bursen, Yeo- 
man, R 

Abraham Brazier, Pump- 
maker, R 

Conraet Teneyck Jun^, Cord- 
wainer, R 

Abram Abramse, Cordwain- 
er, R 



FREEMEN, 1 698. 69 

1698. September 6^. John Nagell, Yeoman, R 

ohn Harris, Baker, R 
ohannes Meyer, Yeoman, R 

Peter Janse Buss, Cord- 
wainer, R 

Johannes Legrange, Black- 
smith, R 

Hans Kiersteade, Chirur- 
geon, R 

John Delamontagne, Bell- 
ringer, R 

Hermanus Vangelder, Brick- 
layer, R 

Isaac Vredenburgh, Carpen- 
ter, R 

George Holmes, Weaver, R 

Thomas Eckerse, Carpen- 
ter, R 

Gerrett Onclebag, Silver 
smith, R 

John Peterson Melott, Black- 
smith, R 

Martin Cregier, Baker, R 

Dirck Uyten Bogart, Cord 
wainer, R 

Stophell Pells, Cordwainer, 
R 

Elias Brevort, Carpenter, R 

John Ariantse, Weaver, R 

Richard CoUard, Weaver, R 

Hendrick Bush, Blacksmith, 
R 

Stephen Buckenhoven, Tay- 
lor, R 

William Welsh, Pavier, R 

William Churcher, Bricklay- 
er, R 

Abram Van Aarnam, Black- 
smith, R 



70 FREEMEN, 1 698. 

1698. September 6^. Jeronimus Barrite,YeQman,R 

Albert Low, Yeoman, R 
David Devoor, Yeoman, R 
Peter Louw. Cordwainer, R 
Abraham Metslaer, Cord- 
wainer, R 
Teunis Dolson, Yeoman, R 

Martin Beeckman, Black- 
smith, R 
Garrett Dyckman, Wheel- 
wright, R 
Lawrence Vanhooke. Cord- 
wainer, R 
Arent Bloom. Blockmaker, R 
Hendrick Meyer, Carpen- 
ter, R 
William White Jun^, Felt- 

maker, R 
Thomas Sanders, Baker, R 
Barent Bush, Cordwainer, R 
John Oblinis, Reedmaker, R 
Coenraet Teneyck Sen'., 

Cordwainer, R 
Tobias Stoutenburgh, Brick- 
layer, R 
Johannes Lantsing, Baker, R 
Henry Van Bael. Merchant,R 
Dennis Higgaman, Baker, R 
Garret Hoist, Cordwainer, R 
Bernardus Hardenbrooke, 

Cordwainer, R 
Johannes Hardenbrook, Cord- 
wainer, R 
John Vreland, Ship Carpen- 
ter, R 
Isaac Stoutenburgh, Carpen- 
ter, R 
John Bolt, Yeoman, R 



FREEMEN, 1 698. 7 1 

1698. September 6^. Cornelius Vandercoyle, Corn- 
measurer, R 
Peter Jansen Mesier, Mil- 
ler, R 
Albert Jansen, Bricklayer, R 
Casper Neby, Cordwainer, R 
20^. Frederick Ellis, Cordwain- 
er, R 
Peter King, Victualler, R 
26^. George Hulgrove, Victual- 
ler, R 



Freemen made in the Mayorality of Johannes De 

Peyster Esq*". 

Andries Maerschalck, Bolt- 
er, R 
William Bogaert, Turner, R 
Peter Jacobse, Bricklayer, R 
Frans Vandyke, Gunsmith, R 
Francis Vandercooke, Brick- 
layer, R 
Joost Lynsen, Baker, R 
Johannes Schenck, School- 
master, R 
Jacobus Geolet, Bricklayer, 

R 
Michael Vandercook, Brick- 
layer, R 
Abraham Boeke, Yeoman, R 
Johannes Hardenbrooke, Bol- 
ter, R 
November 9^. Cornelius Lodge, Merchant, 

22**. Daniell Amos, Wine Cooper, 
William Aertse, Victualler, 
December I3'^ Abraham Gouverneur, Gen- 
tleman, R 
Isaac Gouverneur, Merchant, 
R 



72 FREEMEN, 1 698-9. 

1698. December 13^. Matthias Boeckhout, R 

John Fransa Vandermeulen, 

R 
Evert Duyckinck, Limner, R 
Abraham Uytersaal, Cord- 

wainer, R 



1698-9. January 5^. 

i8^ " 



oseph Billopp, Merchant, 
eremiah King, Victualler, 
i^eter Boeckhout, R 
February 2^ George Harrod, Carpenter, 

Folkert H err mans. Baker, 
Johannes Depeyster Esq^, 

Mayor, R 
Robert Walters Esq**., Alder- 
man, R 
Matthias De Harte, Mari- 
ner, R 
Johannes Paulse, Cordwain- 

er, R 
Barent Saunders, Merchant, 

R 
Johannes Byvanck, Turner, 

R 
Isaac Lansen, Cordwainer, R 
Bernardus Smith, Cordwain- 
er, R 
Jorus Light, Yeoman, R 
William Vandewater, Car- 
penter, R 
Cornelius Vandeventer, Car- 
penter, R 
John Pew, Cordwainer, R 
Hendrick Wolfertse, Baker, 

R 
John Cannon, Boatman, R 
Anthony Rutgers, Baker, R 
'ohannes Tiebout, Turner, R 
asper Nessepott Jun^, Car- 
penter, R 



FREEMEN, 1 698-9. 73 

1698-9. February 2^ Johannes Dyckman, Baker, R 

William Adrianse, Baker, R 
3^ John Breesteade, Blacksmith, 
R 
Daniel Berkeloe, Carpenter, 

R 
Marinus Roelifse, Carpenter, 

R 
Rutgert Waldron, Turner, R 
Gerrett Duyckinck, Limner, 

R 
William Forbes, Cordwainer, 

R 
Jacob Paulisse, Cordwainer, 

R 
Cornelius Low, Mariner, R 
Barent Vantilborough, Felt- 
maker, R 
Obadiah Smith, Feltmaker, R 
Claes Burger, Cooper, R 
John Evertse, Cooper, R 
Johannes Cowenhoven, Bak- 
er, R 
Abraham Wybrant, Cord- 
wainer, R 
Matthias Leunius, Cordwain- 
er, R 
acob Leunius, Carpenter, R 
Baye Crosevelt, Feltmaker, R 
4^\ Caleb Beck, Mariner, 

William Shakerly, Baker, R 
Peter Waldron, Mason, R 
William Jansen, Distiller, R 
William Provoost, Baker, R 
Evert Cherrj'tree, Boatman, 

R 
Francis Wessells, Boulter, R 
Peter Rozeau, Mason, R 
Jean Boisseau, Cooper, R 



74 FREEMEN, 1699-I7OO. 

1699. March 31^. Robert Craunell,* 

May 26^. John Paget, Victualler, 

Benjamin Faneuil, Merchant, 
Thomas Carroll, Victualler, 
June 6^. Maurice Shadbolt, Perriwig- 

maker, 
Thomas Child, Vintner, 
13^. John Reade, Porter, R 
2^^. Bartholemew Feurt, Mariner, 
R 
August 8^. Ralph Rainsford, Butcher, 
September 29^. Thomas Hawkins, Baker, 

Andries Tiebout, Shop- 
keeper, R 
October 14^. James Harding. Cooper. ^ 



Freemen made in the Mayorality of David Pro- 

voost, Esq^f 

1699. December i*^ Henry Langley, Weaver, 
1699-1700. March I*^ Michael Jansen, Bricklayer, 

R 
27^. John Bachan, Blacksmith, 
April 8^\ Peter Bassett, Chirurgeon, 
May 7^. Thomas Turnbull, Merchant, 

George Norton, Butcher, 
July 9^^ Peter Roos, R 
August 28^. Benjamin Blackgrove, Baker, 

Daniell Ebbetts, Bricklayer, 
Samuell Loveridge, Ship- 
wright, 
George Dod, Baker, 
William Adderley, Felt- 
maker, 
David Lyell, Working Gold- 
smith, 
October 8'\ Daniell Jandin, Weaver. 

*See Appendix No. ii. f Sec Appendix No. 12. 



FREEMEN, 17OO-I. 76 

Freemen made in the Mayorality of Isaac De Riemer 

Esq^ 

T700. December 6^. William Robertson, Brewer, 

13. Lawrence Heddinge, Mari- 
ner, R 
17. Nicholas Evertson, Mariner, 
R 
1 700-1. January 27^. Robert Nisbett. Taylor, 

Augustus Jay, Merchant, 
Elizabeth Ellison, Seamstriss, 
Benjamin D'hariette, Mer- 
chant, 
Caleb Cooper, Merchant, 
Richard Crowne, Butcher, 
March 25^. Daniell De Witt, Mathema- 

ticion, 
April 30^. Edward Cole, Vintner, 
May 2^ Richard Sackett, Maulster, 
2o'\ Robert Drummond, Porter, 
29^^ William Dowler. Victualler, 
June 24***. Peter Thauvett, Merchant, 
August 6^. John Godfrey, Mariner, 
29^. William Attwood Esq*"., 
Leigh Atwood Esq*"., 
Samson Shelton, Broughton 

Esq^, 
Thomas Weaver Esq^, 
September i" Paroculus Parmyter, Gentle- 
man, 
Barne Cosens, Gentleman, 
6*^ Sampson Broughton Esq'., 
October I'^ Thomas Evans, Bricklayer,* 
8*^ Roger Jones, Taylor. 

Freemen made in the Mayorality of Thomas Noell, Esq^ 

October 23**. John Nanfan Esq^, Lieu\ 

Gov^ &c. Complimented, 

* See Appendix No. 13. 



76 FREEMEN, I7OI-2. 

1 701-2. January 6^. William Pemberton, Brazier, 

13^. Walter Thong, Merchant, 
Thomas Davenport, Mer- 
chant, 
John Chollwell, Merchant, 
William Peartree> Mariner, 
William Smith, Merchant, 
Robert Allison, Mariner, 
20^. Robert Parkinson, School- 
master, 
Daniell Maddin, Cooper, 
John Finch, Mariner, 
Oloffe Van Cortlandt, Mer- 
chant, R 
28^. Anthony Chishull, Uphol- 
sterer, 
29^. Edward Marshall, Taylor, 
February 3^ Lancaster Symes, Mariner, 

Richard Overin, Silversmith, 
Henry Kemball, Blacksmith, 
Thomas Montagne, Mer- 
chant, R 
Nicholas Dallie, Carpenter, 

R 
Johannes Pieterse Van Vaer- 

den, Baker, R 
Cornelius Turke, Mason, R 
ohannes Louw, Carpenter, R 
ohannes Turke, Carpenter, 
R 
4^. John Vanhorne, Weaver, R 
Harmanus Rutgersc, Brewer, 

R 
Mattheus Benson, Bricklay- 
er, R 
George Walsgrove, Bricklay- 
er, ^R 
Abraham Vantyle, Ship- 
wright, R 



3". 



FREEMEN, 1701-2. ^^ 

1 701-2. February 4^. Harmanus Benson, Carpen- 
ter, R 
24^. John Gurney, Baker, 

Jacobus Bayard, Merchant, 
R 

Johannes Outman, Merchant, 
R 

Jacobus Vanderspiegel, Sil- 
ver Smith, R 

Jacobus Leisler, Gentleman, 
R 
March \f^. Thomas Hooke Jun"*., Cut- 
tier, R 
April I7^^ Thomas Jeffers, Mariner, 
May 26^. Elias Neau, Bolter, 

Johannes Waldron, Yeoman, 
R 

Gysbert Janse Bogaert, Cord- 
wainer, R 

Lawrence Cornelisse, Yeo- 
man, R 

Samson Benson, Yeoman, R 

Johannes Cornelisse, Yeo- 
man, R 

Teunis Coursen, Mariner, R 

Samuell Waldron, Yeoman, 
R 



The Persons hereafter Named were made Freemen 
of this Corporation by Order of the Common 
Council yesterday made, they being the Officers 
and Soldiers of his Majestie's Garrison at Fort 
William Henry in this City.* 

27^. Lieu\ Charles Ashfield, Gen- 
tleman, 

* See Appendix No. 15. 



78 FREEMEN, I702. 

1702. May 27^. Lieut. Robert Gwyn, Gen- 

tleman, 
Philip Rokeby, Chirurgeon, 
John Maddock, Storekeeper, 
William Richardson, Mat- 

tross, 
Sewaes Morissett, Armour- 
er, 
John Reynolds, Sawyer, 
ohn Bowen, Stone Pitcher, 
ohn Bolter, Linnen Draper, 
Thomas Coeburne, Bricklay- 
er, 
Edward Anderson, Carpen- 
ter, ^ 
Thomas Jamison, Gardener, 
Obadiah Hunt, Cuttler, 
John Thorne, Butcher, 
Benjamin Amstead, Water- 
man, 
John Allen Sen^, Sawyer, 
John Allen Jun^, Feltmaker, 
Alexander Alchorne, Cord- 

wainer, 
John Benfield, Soap Boyler, 
Robert Bussey, Weaver, 
John Bell, Labourer, 
Richard Cooper, Pavier, 
ohn Care, Butcher, 
Daniel Curtis, Master of Sci- 
ence, 
Jonathan Davis, Ryvor, 
George Davis, Cordwainer, 
William Davis, Joyner, 
Bernard Damakin, Gunsmith, 
George Fordice, Labourer, 
John Floyd, Shipwright, 
Thomas Flin, Chirurgeon, 
Richard Fleming, Silkweaver, 



FREEMEN, I 702. 79 

1702. May 27^. Edward Fitz Gerald, Perri- 

wig Maker, 
John Green, Tanner, 
Robert Gray, 
oseph Hart, Blacksmith, 
idward Hunt, Weaver, 
Thomas Killmaster, Glover, 
ohn Lucas, Butcher, 
!idward Lambeth, 
Thomas Lyon, Barber, 
Daniell MacDaniell, 
James Nicolls, Joyner, 
William Orchard, Cordwain- 

er, 
Nathaniel Peake, Silk Weav- 
er, 
Henry Povey, Taylor, 
Andrew Panton, 
Thomas Pattfield, Sadler, 
William Stoaks, Miller, 
William Smith, Taylor, 
Richard Steward, Blacksmith, 
Thomas Scurlock, Vintner, 
Charles Timmings, Taylor, 
Richard Tobin, Maulster, 
George Williams, Blacksmith, 
George Wright, Pavier, 
James Walters, Stockener, 
Richard Yeats, Tanner, 
Peter Marks, Butcher, 
Alexander Cope, Carpenter, 
Samuell Golding, Weaver, 
Edward Hasett, 
Thomas Steward, Dyer, 
John Moore, 
John James, 

Lieu*. John Riggs, Gentle- 
man, 
Lieut Charles Oliver, 



8o FREEMEN, I702. 

1702. May 27^. Francis Garnett, Adjutant, 

Francis Shearman, Clothier, 
George Smith, Wine Coop- 
er, 
Thomas Button, Perriwig 

Maker, 
Christopher Dodge, Wheel- 
wright, 
Edward Davis, Weaver, 
Thomas Lewis, Tanner, 

ames White, Coach maker, 

ames Adams, 
Abraham Brooks, Barber, 
Richard Bovell, Miller, 
Edward Blake, Perriwigmak- 
er, 

oshua Brooks, Farrier, 

oseph Barnwell, Taylor, 
William Brisbin, 
Phillip Battin, Butcher, 
John Braden, Feltmaker, 
Thomas Bowden^ Cordwain- 

er, 
Nicholas Brown, 
William Callaway, 
John Conneley, 
William Clarke, 
Richard Davis, Brewer, 
John Doleman, Cordwainer, 
William Elliot, Taylor, 
William Staley, 
Thomas Evans, 
Silas Ford, Clothworker, 

ohn Ford, 

ohn Grigs, Silkweaver, 
Thomas Grigson, Mariner, 
Stephen Holloway, 
'ohn Hope, Woollen Draper, 

ohn Harris, 



FREEMEN, I702. 81 

1702. May 27^. John Hodge, 

ohn Jones, Taylor, 
ohn Johnson, Miller, 
Daniell Jones, Waterman, 
Thomas Jones, Locksmith, 
John Kingston, Baker, 
Alexander Mackay, Maulster, 
Francis Holmes, Spectacle 

Maker, 
John Moore. Miller, 
Thomas Major, 
ohn Marks, Vintner, 
idvvard Merrett, Clothier, 
Charles Mansfield, Brewer, 
Ferguson Maccloud, Tanner, 
Peter Paine, Painter, 
Thomas Parker, Butcher, 
John Reade, Cordwainer, 
Thomas Raer, Soapboyler, 
ohn Simpson, Tobacconist 
ohn Tanner, Clothier, 
Edward White, Labourer, 
John Williams, Cordwainer, 
Job Willington, Feltmonger, 
John Wood, Mercer, 
Thomas .Waldron, 
William Waddington, Car- 
penter, 
Jonathan Willford, Cooke, 
Robert Williams. Stockingr 

Weaver, 
Thomas Woodland, Weaver, 
Knight Younge. Vintner, 
Francis Kendall, 
John Cullum, 
ohn Sadler, 
ohn Osmond, 
Thomaij Hews, Blacksmith, 
Peter Bayard, Mariner, R 



82 FREEMEN, I702. 

1702. May 30^^. William Chambers, Mariner, 

Henry Macintoshe, Gentle- 
man, 
John Sellwood, Schoolmas- 
ter, 
Stephan Skeat, Currier, 
Lewis Riviere, Shipwright, 
George Maynard,Watchmak- 

er, 
Samuell Drew, Joyner, 
Robert Anderson, Porter, 
Richard Green, Ropemaker, 
Peter Nontels, Gentleman, 
Ralph Thurman, Baker, 
John James Minveille, Mari- 
ner, 
Peter Galuad, Mariner, 
Phillip Joneau, Cooper, 
Stephen Perdriau, Mariner, 
Albert Debris, Mariner, 
William Diggs, Pewterer, 
James Haswell, 
Stephen Valleau, Cooper, 
John Peter Selenave, Cur- 
rier, 
Thomas Worden, Pipemak- 

er, 
David Law, Chirurgeon, 
Jeremiah Callcutt, Butcher, 
Richard Banks, Shipwright, 
Amant Bonnin, Mariner, 
John Bond, Mariner, 
Thomas Eustace, Butcher, 
William Hall, Blacksmith, 
ames Bussey, 

3enjamin Thong, Leather- 
dresser, 
Abraham Vanderbeeck, 
Bricklayer, R 



FREEMEN, l702. 83 

1702. May 30^. Gerret Schuyler, Merchant, 

R 
Jacobus Kiersteade, Mariner, 

R 
Beverley Latham,Shipwright, 

R 
Benjamin Kip, Silversmith, R 
Cornelius Kiersteade, Silver- 
smith, R 
Thomas Allison, Carman, R 
Gyles Gaudineau, Chirur- 

geon, R 
Peter Henyon, Turner, R 
John Vanderbeeck, Bricklay- 
er, R 
John Membrut, Shipwright, 

R 
William Livinus, Joyner, R 
James Davy, Merchant, R 
June 9*^ William Shearman, Taylor, 
Christopher Gillcard, Cord- 

wainer, 
Isaac Clouder, Ropemaker, 
Henry Taylor, Bricklayer, 
Samuell Bourdett, Mariner, 
ohn Lafont, Confectioner, 
ohn Braddick, Mariner, 
Anthony Yellerton, Last 

Maker, 
Peter Bontecou, Schoolmas- 
ter, 
Daniell Robert, Mariner, 
Vincent Tillou, Mariner, 
Peter RoUand, Mariner, 
Jacob Adams, Butcher, 
Andries Teneyck, Cordwain- 

er, R 
Albert Hoist, Cordwainer, R 
Gabriel Thibou, Joyner, R 



84 FREEMEN, I702. 

1702. June 9^\ William Cooke, Cordwainer, 

R 
acob Teneyck, Baker, R 
Dennis Wortman, Baker, R 
James Cebra, Marriner, R 
William Hodges, Barber, R 
Daniel Maynard, Taylor, K 
Richard Greener, Sadler, R 
Isaac Bratt, Baker, R. 



The following persons were made free of this Cor- 
poration by Order of Common Council made ye 
27^ Instant, being Gent, and Servants that 
Came from England with his Excellency the 
Lord Cornbury.* 

30^. John Bridges Esq'., Dr. of 
Laws, 

John Person, Gentleman, 

Charles Congreve, Gentle- 
man, 

Robert Milward, Attorney at 
Law, 

William Carter, Gentleman, 

Peter Faucounnier, Gentle- 
man, 

Christopher Denne, Carpen- 
ter, 

Henry Swift, 

William Lovell, Gentleman, 

Edward Rich Esq""., 

John Freeman, 

William Bissill, 

John David, Saylemaker, R 
July 7^^ Thomas Bennet, 

John Clothworth, Mariner, 

*See Appendix No. 17. 



FREEMEN, 1702-3. 85 

1702. July 7^. Joseph Wright, Mariner, 

Gerrett Van Laer, Baker, R 
1 1^. William Russell,Free Mason, 
August 11*^. John King, Shipwright. 



> 



Compli- 
mented,* 



Freemen made in the Mayorality of Phillip French, 

Esq^ 

December I *\ His Excellency^ 

Edward Vis- 
count Cornbury, 
Governo u r, 
&c : — 

2^. Charles Wolley, Merchant, 
John Barrow, Merchant, 
William Davis, Gentleman, 
Benjamin Barnes.f 
26^^. Richard Harris, Vintner, 
1702-3. January 12^. John Davis, Merchant, 

Benjamin Oldis, Feltmaker, 
William Berkley, Mariner, 
February i5^. Thomas Dyer, Carpenter, 

Thomas Harvey, Carpenter, 
March 2^ John Scott, Merchant, 

John Cruger, Merchant, 
9^. Elias Desgrange, Perriwig 

Maker,J 

23^ James Targee.Apothecary,R 

April 20^. Patrick Crawford, Merchant. 

22**. Andrew Stuckey, Merchant, 

May 11^. Abraham Van Laer, Mariner, 

R 
James Blom, Mariner, 
June ID*. John Forster, Wool Comber, 
23**. Hugh Crow, Victualler, 
July 9^. John Troop, Perriwig Maker, 
16^. Dan Thwaites, Schoolmaster. 

*See Appendix No. i8. f See Appendix No. 20. X See Appendix No. 21. 



11^ 



86 FREEMEN, I 703-5. 

Freemen made in the Mayorality of William Pear- 
tree, Esq''. 

1703. October 2 3^ George Booth, Joyner, 

Matthias Pooley, Painter, 
Nicholas Pooley, Taylor,* 
November 9*^. James Many, Mgiriner, 
1703-4. January 4^. John Cazalet, Perriwigmaker, 

2o'^ Thomas Husk, Feltmaker, 
February 15^. Aronout Hendrickse, Car- 
man, R 
March 14^. John Maclenan, Mariner, 
May 2^ John James Fouchard, Vict- 
ualler, 
oshua Soulice, Taylor, 
John Vigneau, Fisherman, 
July 4^. Griffith Jones, Boatman, 
James Gamewell, Turner, 
August 21^. Thomas Gallaway, Mariner, 
November 13*^. George Clarke Hsq^, Secr'y 

— Complimented, 
Thomas Byerly Esq*"., Rec. 
Gen^ — Complimented,f 
1705. April 3^ William Horsewell, Pewterer, 

11^. Evan Jones, Butcher, 

Humphrey Perkins, Mariner, 
May IO^^ John Auboyneau, Merchant, 

Thomas Bayeux, Merchant, 
James Perot, Victualler, 
1 5*. Alexander Allaire, Cooper, 
John Magnon, Taylon 
Archibald Morris, Manner, 
July 24^. John Sloss, Merchant, 
August — Jonathan Squier, Victualler, 
September ii^\ John Collins, Cordwainer, 

1 7^. Edward Spragg, Butcher, 
25^. Daniell Foy, Victualler, 
Roger Brett, Merchant, 

* See Appendix No. 22. t See Appendix No. 23. 



FREEMEN, l7o5-8. 87 

1705. September 28^. John Gardner, Victualler, 

October 16***. Isaac Thibou, Merchant, 

Thomas Crouch, Joyner, 
November i®*. William Leconte, Farmer, 

f\ William Lieuthead, R 
December 4^. Isaac Napthaly, Merchant, 
1705-6. February 12^. Lewis Gomez, Merchant, 

March i(f^. Robert Hickman, Mariner, 
26*. Andrew Broughton, Victual- 
ler, 
April 16*^. Richard Warner, Carman, 

Peter Garrettse, Carman, R 
30^. Andrew Dupuy, Mariner, 
May if^. Jonathan Broadhurst, Vict- 
ualler, 
28^. Thomas Statham, Perriwig 
Maker, 
July 4^. Richard Rowe, Mariner, 

23^ Anthony Young, Tallow 
Chandler, 
Peter Murdock, Wool Comb- 
er, 
September 3^ Phillip Brookes, Mariner, 
1707. April i''^ John Theobalds, Barber, 

July 8^. Thomas Chattam, Mariner, 
August 5^. Andrew Hannis, Blacksmith, 
September 2^. John Gacherie, Victualler, 
16^. Benjamin Jouriney, Joyner, 
30*^. James Elines, Mariner, 

Richard Lott, Upholsterer. 



Freemen made in the Mayorality of Ebenezer 

Wilson, Esq^ 

October 30^. Charles Sharpas, Cooper, 
1708. March 30*^. William Hammond, Ship- 

wright, 
John Smith, Haberdasher, 



88 



FREEMEN, I 708-9. 



1708. 



7 • 

August 3"* 



April 13^. Jeremiah Redding, Labourer, 
May 18^. Folkert Van Hoesen, Vict- 
ualler, 
22"*. Bartolemew Schaats, Silver- 
smith, R 
25^. Benjamin Taylor, Glazier, R 
Thomas Tuder, Mariner, R 
June 11^. John Staples, Gentleman, 

Peter Burstel, Chirurgeon, 
July 6*^ Abraham De Lucena, Mer- 
chant, 
John Guest, Sadler, 
Anthony Lynch, Merchant, 
May Bickley Esq^, Attorney 

Gen^, Complimented, 
Jacob Regnier Esq"., Barrister 
at Law, Complimented,* 
4^*". Robert Campbell, Porter, 
Thomas Randolph, Gardiner, 
R 
31®^ Elias Nezereau, Merchant, 
John Parr, Cordwainer, 
Alexander Moore, Sadler, 
September I4^^ John Stevens, Schoolmaster, 

R 
oseph D wight, Joyner, 
oseph Robinson, Merchant, 
^ickard Burk, Merchant, 
His Excellency 
John Lord 
Lovelace, Gov- 
ernor, 
Roger Mompes- 
son Esq^, Chief 
Justice, 
Coll. John Red- 
knap, Engineer, 



November 2^, 
1708-C. February 1**. 



^ Compli- 
mented, f 



* See Appendix No. 25. 



\ See Appendix No. 31. 



FREEMEN, I708-IO. 



89 



1708-9. February i*S 



CompH- 
' mented,* 



2\ 



2 2^ 



March I2^^ 



April 19^. 
June 7"^. 

July 5'^ 
August 6*^. 

23*^. 

November — 
December 6^, 



tb 



I 710. 



^3 



April i%'\ 

25^ 

June 6^. 

2o'^ 

July 4^ 

25^. 



Francis H arisen, 

Gentleman, 
Thomas Cockeril, 

Gentleman, 
Thomas Wood, 
Gentleman, 
oseph Grange, 
Jeremiah Williams, Ship- 
wright, 
Andrew Bradford, Printer, 
William Bond, Gentleman,t 
James Batterson, Watch- 
maker, 
John Lyndsey, Gentleman, 
Phillip Davis, Gentleman, 
Jockens Roelofsen, Carman, 
Alexander Mills, Perriwig- 

maker, 
William Glencross, Merchant, 
Lawrence Eckles, Victualler, 
Rene Kett, Merchant, 
William Hobbs, Carpenter, 
James Goodwin, Currier, 
Allane Jarrat, Shopkeeper, 
James Ballereau, Shipwright, 
Robert Livingston, Mer- 
chant, 
John Roy, Merchant, 
Frederick Jacobs, Carman, R 
William Crom, Carman, 
Joseph Aspinwall, Mariner, 
James Martindale, Merchant, 
Thomas Kearney, Merchant. 
His Excellency Robt. Hunter 

Esq., Governour,J 
Benjamin Peck, Leather 
Dresser, 



* See Appendix No. 31. f^^c Appendix No. 32. { See Appendix No. 35. 



go FREEMEN, 17IC-II. 

1 710. August 8"*. Joseph Berry, Taylor, 

22^ Andrew Fresneau, Merchant, 
Noah Cazalett, Merchant, 
John Keill, Gen-^ 

tleman, [CompH- 

Archibald Kenne- 
dy, Gentleman,^ 
October ii^. Richard Abeel, Glover, 

Nathaniel Smith, Vintner, 
William Brown, Blacksmith. 



> 



mented. 



« 



Freemen made in the Mayorality of Jacobus Van 

Cortlandt Esq^ 

3i'^. Jonathan Daniell, Joyner, 
November 28^. Henry Veorduyn, Gentle- 
man, R 
December ig^\ Rene Tongrelou, Merchant, 
1710-11. Febraary 27^. Charles Teller, Merchant, 

March 29^. William Warner, Victualler, 

Peter Machett, Mariner, R 
William Brewer, Feltmaker, 
R 
May I*^ William Hunt, Victualler, 
18^. John Webb, Victualler, 
ohn Pieterse, ^ 
ohn Thomas, [ Mariners, G 
Matthias Law- C [Gratis] 
rence, J 

August 11^. Thomas Cox, Butcher, 

Stephen Chardavoine, Coop- 
er, R 
2i'*\ Jacob Franks, Merchant, 
September 11^. Benjamin Bill, Mariner. 

• See Appendix No. 36. 



July 24*^. ; 



FREEMEN, I7II-I3. 91 

Freemen made in the Mayorality of Caleb Heathcote 

Esq^ 

171 1. October 30^. James You, Perriwig Maker, 

1711-12. January 15*. Hendrick Bryce, Carman, 

May 7^. Andrew Nandin, Victualler, R 
24^. Thomas Sherrard, Taylor, 
27^. Christopher Akars, Gardiner, 
John Johnston, Barber, &c., 
July 15^. Thomas TarpV, Cooper, 
Thomas Haydon, Currier, 
Andrew Forrister, Taylor, 
August 5^\ John Stell, Joyner, R 

Cornelius Cornelison, Silver- 
smith, R 
August 26^. Benjamin Roberts, Perriwig 

. Maker, 

James Brown, Perriwig Mak- 
er, R 
September 9'^ Peter Steel, Brazier, 

October 25*^. William Eyre, Merchant, 
November 4*^ John Mackay, Victualler, 

Thomas Codman, Victualler, 
II*. Rodrigo Pacheco, Merchant, 

John Drury, Victualler, 
25*. James Maxwell, Merchant, 
William Dugdale, Merchant, 
Gregory Yarder, Mariner, 
December 12*. Jacob Boyce, Carman, 
1712-13. January 6*. Robert Robinson, Gentleman, 
February 4*. James Spurling, Mariner, 

24*. Humphrey Salisbury, Mer- 
chant, 
March 3I*^ John Wright, Watchmaker, 

John Gordon, Victualler, 
Peter Arkell, Gunsmith, 
Richard Trueman, Carman, 
April 14*. William Bouquet, Black- 
smith, R 



6"". 



9 . 



92 FREEMEN, 1713-I4. 

1 71 3. May 5^. George Allen, Shopkeeper, 

ohannes Buys, Carman, 
ohn Graham, Gentleman, R 
ohannes Ostrande, Felt- 
maker, R 
June 2^ John Marinus, Labourer, 

Richard Huggins, Perriwig 

Maker, 
ohn Dunn, Taylor, 
oseph PhilHps,Watchmaker, 
Thomas Stow, Taylor, 
William Webling, Butcher, 
Valentine Campanal, Butcher, 
August 4'^ Abraham Brock, Merchant, 

James DuPre, Gentleman, 
25^. Peter Willcock, Butcher, 
November 3**. Edward Eastham, Taylor, 

Lawrence Smith, Gentleman, 
December 15*, James Bergerecn, Baker, 

Isabrant Van Cliffe, Butcher, 
1 713-14. February 16*. John Samm, Victualler, 

March 9*^. Thomas Medley, Shop- 
keeper, 
April 13^. Nicholas Mattysen, Black- 
smith, 
May 4^. Peter Gardemoy, Carpenter, 
Robert Drake, Barber Sur- 
geon, 
18^. John Guest, Currier, 

Peter Keighley, Mariner, 
June 1**. Christopher Rousby, Gentle- 
man, 
22^ Moses Hart, Merchant, 
29*\ Rous Clopton, Gentleman, 
July 2 7^^ Edward Churchill, Pipe- 
maker, 
October 12'^ Germanicus Andrews, Up- 
holsterer, 
I4^\ John Rolland, Mariner. 



^ V 



November 2^. 



FREEMEN, I714-I5. 9 

Freemen made in the Mayorality of John Johnston 

Esq^ 

1 714. October 26*. Abraham Blanck, Carman, I 

ames Welch, Joyner, R 
ohn Haywood, Barber, R 
December 7^. Fletcher Mathews, Gentle 

man, R 
Henry Holland, Gentlemar 

Gratis * 
Thomas Garland, Gentlemar 

Gratis 
John Hyat, Founder, 
Lawrence Silk, Carman, 
1 714-15. January 5^. David Minvieille, Merchant 

15^. Charles Pinkethman, Gentle 
man, Complimented,* 
March 15^. Jacob Lambertse, Carman, I 
29^^ Thomas Fell, Gentleman, 
Peter Fosbergh, Baker, 
Agnes Boyce, Spinster, 
Fredrick Seabring, Shop 

keeper, 
Thomas Noxon, Distiller, 
John Macloud, Victualler, 
30^. Ariantie Doolhagen, 

Jacob Swaen, Feltmaker, R 
April 5**". Jonas Gandy, Labourer 

Gratis 
Zachariah Hutchins, Butcher 
12^. Nicholas Devous, Weaver, I 

Thomas Noble, Butcher, 
23''. Elizabeth Fairday, 
May 3*^. Jeremiah Bright, Perriwij 

Maker, 
3I*^ Adrian Abramson, Merchant 
June 7'\ Mordechai Gomez, Merchant 
21*^ John Hibon, Cooper, R 

• Sec Appendix No. 39. 



94 FREEMEN, I7l5. 

1715. June 21®^. Joseph Prosser, Bricklayer, R 

Thomas Lynch, Mariner, 
P[aid] 
28^. John Du Puy, Chirurgeon, P 
Thomas Slow, Victualler, P 
July 13^. Thomas Brasier, Victualler, 
19^. Johann Michael Schultz, Tay- 
lor, 
Gerrit Van Ranst, Painter,* 
John Conrad Cod wise. School- 
master, 
George Cocke, Vintner, 
George Elsworth, Jun^, R 
August 3**. Richard Grist, Butcher, 

23**. Dennis Doolhagen, Victualler, 
Christian Hartman, Joyner, 
Michael Peffer, Labourer, 
30^. Thomas Smith, Yeoman, 
October 4*. John Delamontagne, Jun^, R 
11^. Octavo Coenraet, Merchant. 



Freemen made in the Second Year of the Mayorality 

of John Johnston Esq^ 

18*^. Henry Brugman, Rope- 
maker, 

Peter Colvel, Ropemaker, 
November 15^. Nathaniel Morey, Heel 

Maker, 

Abraham Fairday, Mariner, 

William Jackson Jun^, Cord- 
wainer, 

Johannes Harberdwick, Cord- 
wain er, 

Gerardus Beeckman, Chirur- 
geon, R 

• Sec Appendix No. 40. 



April 1 7^. 



FREEMEN, I7l5-l6. gS 

1 715. November 15^. James Jenkins, Carman, 

29^. Thomas Miller, Butcher, 
1715-16. January 9^. Joseph Richards, Mariner, 

10^. Henry Bricard, Merchant, 
Baruch Judah, Merchant, 
February 28^^ Abraham Pereira, Tallow 

Chandler, 
Judah Morris, Merchant, 
Richard Bishop, Barber Sur- 
geon, 
James Padwick, Baker, 
Thomas Ingram, Cooper, 
Henry Brass, Carman, R 
March 27^. EliasChardavoine, Victualler, 

Henry Pountenay, Butcher, 
oshua Low, Sadler, 
ohn Wytt, Merchant, 
ohn Searle, Mariner, 
George Talbot, Carpenter, 
Thomas Grant, Joyner, 
Ellick Clarck, Mariner, 
William Jenkins, Taylor, 
Henry Gillam, Joyner, 
Joseph Leddel, Pewterer, 
Isaac Twentyman, Taylor, 
Anthony Tivanni, Perriwig- 
maker, 
ohn Ebbert, Taylor, 
ohn Sibley, Joyner, 
"^rancis Sylvester, Cooper, 
William Stock, Brazier, 
ohn Bell, Carpenter, 
ohn Staff, Feltmaker, 
Thomas Grigg, Joyner, 
William Carlile, Mariner, 
Thomas Elde, Blacksmith, 
John Willox, Turner, 
Thomas Oaks, Tinman, Gra- 
tis, 



96 



FREEMEN, 17J6-I7. 



I 716. 



May 8 



th 



April 24^. Ebenezer Mors, Blacksmith, 

John Smith, Currier, 
George Illman, Carpenter, 
Dirck Egbertse, Baker, R 
Frans Van Dyke, Mariner, R 
Anthony Lewis, Cooper, R 
Gilbert Livingston, Mer- 
chant, R 
William May, Mariner, 
Coenraet Teneyck, Silver- 
smith, R 
June 5^. William Gilbert, Baker, 

Abraham Palding, Carman, R 
George Holroyd, Victualler, 
Phillip Dernie, Mariner, 
Henricus Anthony, R 
Thomas Johnson, Boatman, 
Elias Votier, Mariner, 
Isaac Bouyer, Cuttler, 
Charles Pickering, Dyer, 
October 2^ James Arden, Carpenter, 
9***. John Burnett, Skinner, 

Peter Hains, Ocean La- 
bourer. 



12 

19 



th 
th 



July 3^ 
September 1 1*** 



25 



th 



Freemen made in the Third Year of the May oral! ty of 

John Johnston Esq^ 

October 16^. Everet Aertse, Carman, R 

23^ William Taylor, Scalemaker, 
November 20^. John Yerworth, Shipwright, 
December 18^. George Elsworth Senior, 

Butcher, R 
Anthony Byvanck, R 
1 716-17. January 22^ George Webb, Mariner, 

February 12^. Robert Crannell Jun".. Gla- 
zier, R 
John Stout, Barber, R 



FREEMEN, I716-18. 97 

1716-17. February l9'^ Henry Parcel!, Carman, 

William Dobbs, Cordwainer, 
R 
May 7^. William Lewine, Mariner, 
Thomas Potts, Cordwainer, 
Thomas Inglis, Painter, 
2i*S Barent Barheyt, Carman, R 
Gysbert Van VIecq, Carman, 
R 
June 4^. Abraham Price, Blacksmith, 
July 9^. Matthew Bell, Carman, 
John Denton, Butcher, 
George Aston, Tanner, 
Jonathan Hunter, Tanner, 
23^. David Galatian, Taylor, 
John Skip, Butcher, 
Francis Masters, Apothecary, 
30^\ Anthony Duane, Merchant, 
John Kelly, Merchant, 
Jonathan Broderick, Carman, 
i\ugust 20^. John Dean, Mariner, R 
September 3**. Benjamin Foster, Merchant, 
October i^\ John Dunk, Victualler, 
November ig^^. Richard Ashfield, Merchant, 

R 
26^^ Jacob Banker, Carman, 
December 17^^. Isaac Bedlow, Marriner, R 

William Cheshire, Merchant, 
1 71 7-18. February 18^. John Dunlap, Cordwainer, R 

April i^. Richard Worgan, Cordwainer, 
John Marsh, Mason, 
8^\ Richard Thomas, Victualler, 
1 7^^ Charles King, Mariner, 
2 2^ Nehemiah Partridge, Lim- 
ner, 
Elias Chardavoine Jun'., 
Cooper, R 
May 13^. Joseph Haviland, Victualler, 

July 8^. Christopher Hopkins, 
7 



gS FREEMEN, I718-I9. 

1718 July 8^. John Lessley, Mariner, 

Jonathan Oakley, Taylor, 
Edmund Hawkins, Mariner, 

Gratis, 
Samuell Loveridge, Ship- 
wright, R 
August 5^. Nicholas Carow, Jeweller, 

Tobias Boel, Attorney at 

Law, 
Abraham De Casarez, Tallow 

Chandler, 
Samuell Richards, Distiller, 
19^. John Nicolls, Apothecary, 
26^^ Francis Bassett, Pewterer, R 
September 30*. George Carpenter, Butcher, 

Isaac Cannon, Carman, R. 



Freemen made in the Mayorality of John Johnston 
Esq'', in the fifth year of his Mayorality. 

November 4^. William Connor, Marriner, 

Euwout Ewoutsen, Pot- 
maker, R 
December 2^. Joseph Latham Jun^, Ship- 
wright, R 
9'^ John Blake, Shipwright, 
1719. April 2^ Thomas Mayes, Victualler, 

2I*^ William Byfield, Mariner, 
Ezekiel Bouyot, Mariner, R 
John Pelletreau, Joyner, R 
Charles Barre, Baker, R 
May 26*. Matthias Nack, Gunsmith, 
June 2^ Arnout Schermerhorn, Cord- 

wainer, R 
July 2i*\ Jeremiah Chardavoine, Tay- 
lor, R 
August 4^. Samuell Lancelott, Marriner, 

Thomas Banks, Taylor, 



FREEMEN, 1719-2O. 99 

1 719. August 18^. Thomas Hopkins, Merchant, 
September 1*^ Andrew Hay, Perriwigmaker, 

Robert Harrison, Baker. 



Freemen made in the Second Mayorality of Jacobus 

Van Cortlandt Esq^ 

October 27^. Phillip Cockrem, Mariner, 
November 3"*. James Vincent, Dyer, 

Thomas Smith, Carman, 
William Bradford Jun'., Pew- 
terer, R 
10^. Thomas Wenman, Uphol- 
sterer, 
17^*". Paulus Hopper, Carman, R 
Casparus Blank Jun**., Car- 
man, R 
Jacobus Delamontagne, Car- 
man, R 
Lucas Stoutenburgh, Car- 
man, R 
Anthony Carr, Carman, R 
Jacob King, Carman, R 
24'\ Jacob Pitt, Carman, 

Thomas Cleaves, Joyner, R 
Thomas Noxon Jun^, Joyner, 
R 
1719-20. February 16*. Johannes Teneyck, Mariner, 

R 
Philip Van Borsom, Cord- 

wainer, R 
David Kermer, Boatman, R 
23^ David Davis, Currier, 
March i*^ Anthony Webb, Baker, 

Elias Membret, Cordwainer, 
R 
25*. Oliver Whitehead, Fustian 
Maker, 






lOO FREEMEN, 172O-2I. 

1720. May 3"*. William Osborn, Mariner, 

10^. William Watson, Marriner, 
I7^\ Robert Duncan, Taylor, 
24^. Joseph Kingston, Joyner, 
William Rankin, Carman, 
31". Harman Vandewater, Car- 
man, 
Samuell Young, Cordwainer, 
R 
June I4'^ James Creighton, Barber, R 

2I*^ Elizabeth Heurtin, Widow, 
July I2*^ Jemima Haley, Widow, 
August 2^ Teunis De Voor, Carman, R 
16*. Ralph Potter, Taylor, 
30^. Adolph Brouwer, Carpenter, 
October 4*\ Lewis Allaire, Merchant, 

His Excell : William Burnet 
Esq"., Complimented.* 



Freemen made in the Mayorality of Robert Walter 

Esq^ 

November i*\ Isaac Kip, Cooper, 

S'\ Josiah Millikin, Barber, 

ohn Hutton, Goldsmith. R 
2 2**. Daniell Miller, Sadler, 
December 6^^ Peter Bedlow, Mariner, R 
i^th \Vi]]iai",-| Connihane, Taylor, 

Gilbert Miller, Cordwainer, 
Israel Horsefield, Butcher, 
John Home, Wheelwright, R 
2o'^ John Ripple, Baker, R 
John Thurman, Baker, R 
1720—21. January i7'\ Joseph Haines, Merchant, 

Oliver Earle, Leather 
Dresser, 

*See Appendix No. 45. 






• • • « * • 
,• • • • • 

• ••• •./ 



FREEMEN, 172O-2I. lOI 

1720-21. January 3i*\ Richard Talbot, Pullymaker, 

February f^. Daniell Potter, Carman, 

Gratis, 
28^. Jacob Price, Mariner, 
May 16^. Thomas Jennings, Carman, 
Joshua Quereau, Blacksmith, 

R 
Daniel Lamoureux, Cord- 
wainer, R 
23**. John Jackson, Tobacconist, 
George Browning, School- 
master, 
Abraham Jouneau, Mer- 
chant, R 
June 6^^ John Perry, Carman, R 

Cornelius Cousine, Carman, 
R 
20^. John Houseman, Carman, 
John Craikhoyt, Carman, 
ohn Fordham, Taylor, 
acob Miller, Sadler, R 
Allard Anthony, Cordwainer, 
R 
July 4^. John Membret, Bricklayer, R 
ii^\ Peter Vergereau, Silver- 
smith, R 
August 8^ William Smith Jun^,^ 

Gentleman, Son of 
William Smith, Mer- 
chant, 
i5'\ Daniel Pouttreau, Wigmaker, 
R 
John Dyer, Tallow Chandler, 
September 26^^ John Remerse, Gardiner, 

John Giveen, Cordwainer, 
Peter Degrove, Cordwainer, 

R 
Garrett Wendell, Taylor, R 
October lo^. Lawrence Kinnen, Carman. 



R 



I02 FREEMEN, I 72 1-22. 

Freemen made in the Second Year of the Mayorality 

of Robert Walter Esq"". 

1 721. October 1 7^. Jacob Hasey, Heelmaker, 

John Abramson, Merchant, 
Nicholas Eyres, Brewer, 
24'^ Phillip Gilliot, Carman, 
November 14^. Daniel Polhemus, Baker, 
December 5*. Samuel Bellknap, Carpenter, 
i9'\ Samuell Rout, Baker, 
1721-22. February 7*^ John De Voor, Carman, R 

Peter Lott, Carman, 
20^\ William Glover, Schoolmas- 
ter, 
March 13^. Andrew Gereau, Cordwainer, 

R 
20*\ Richard Herring, Victualler, 
William Lane, Victualler, 
April 3**. Thomas Ford, Victualler, 
IO*^ Ninion Chalouer, Tallow 
Chandler, 
Samuell Weaver, Tanner, 
Thomas Dobson, Glover, 
17'*". Edward Jones, Wigmaker, 
May i^^ James Hutchins, Glover, 

Harman Stout, Saylemaker, 

R 
Samuel Vincent, Mariner, R 
8^. William North, Gentleman, 

P[aid] 
22"*. Elias Burger, R 
June 5^. Thomas Marshall, Carpenter, 

P 
26^. Henry Schleydorn, Taylor, 
P 
July 3^ James Munden, Staymaker, 

P 
Io'^ Abraham Russell, Brick- 
layer, P 



FREEMEN, 1 722-23. IO3 

1722. August 7*. Robert Wrimalls, Bricklayer, 

P 
21^ William Walling, Baker, P 
Richard Armstrong, Turner, 
P 
28^\ David Harwood, Tallow 
Chandler, P 
October 23**. John Ellison, Merchant, R. 



Freemen made in the Third Year of the Mayorality of 

Robert Walter Esq^ 

• 

1722-23. Januarys'^. John LeRoux, Goldsmith, R 

22**. James Weeks, Schoolmaster, 
April 2^ Baruch Cole, Mariner, 

ohn Mitchell, Shipwright, 
ohn Lanyon, Miner, 
ohn Margeson, Mariner, 
9^ Samuell Pell, Shipwright, R 
30^. Zerujah Carter, Widow, 
June 11^^ Roger Groves, Feltmaker, 

Alexander De Bonrepos, 
Saylemaker, R 
July 16*^. Dennis Riche, Shipwright, 
Thomas Black, Victualler, 
Richard Lamprey, Wax 
Chandler, 
23**. Joseph Robinson, Cord- 
wainer, 
Thomas Robinson, Tanner, 
25*. Capt. Peter Solgard, Compli- 
mentary^* 
30^. Joost Sooy, Mariner, 
August 6^. Abraham Isaacks, Merchant, 

Sebrant Brouwer, Bricklayer, 
R 

♦ Sec Appendix No. 46. 



I04 FREEMEN, 1 723-24. 

1723. August 20*. Gulian Verplank, Merchant, 

R 
September lo^. Richard Thackoway, Butcher, 

Samuell Ask, Glover, R 
Bartell Miller, Cordwainer, 

R 
John Pieter Zenger, Printer, 
R 
I7*^ John Walton, Schoolmaster, 
Jacob Morne, Chirurgeon, R 
Samuel Lawrence, Mariner, 
R 
24^. Edward Alleyn, Sadler, 
John Smith, Carpenter. 



Freemen made in the Fourth Year of the Mayorality 
of Robert Walter Esq*"., and in the Fifth Year 
of his Mayorality. 

October 22"*. John Dighton, Tanner, 

Owen Callaghane, Carpenter, 
R 
November 6^^ Peter Minvielle, Merchant, 
December 24^. John Hewson, Cordwainer, R 
1723-24. January 2i^\ James Sibbit, Cooper, 

February 11^**. Elias Garish, Blacksmith, 
March 24*^ John Hutton, Shipwright, R 
April I4'^ Robert Lucas, Founder, 

John Howes, Baker, 
May 5^. Thomas Wildman, Victual- 
ler, 
Michael Hamlin, Butcher, 
12^. Mitchell Somerset, Gentle- 
man, 
Thomas Nixon, Mariner, 
Solomon Meyers, Shop- 
keeper, 
June l6^^ John Wall, Victualler, 



FREEMEN, 1724-5. Io5 

1724. June 16"*. Anthony Ward, Clockmaker, 

30"". William Lawrence, Weaver, 
July 14^. Edward Hayter, Cooper, 
John Saxberry, Joyner, R 
Lucas Peck, Joyner, R 
2I®^ Joseph Pennyman, Merchant, 
August 1 1^. Francis Vanderberg, Brazier, 

Peter Loce, Carman, 
September 22**. John Cooley, Blacksmith, 
October 13^. James Lowey, Mariner, 
27^. Jean Claudi, Taylor, 

Francis Clerembault, Joyner, 
John Patch, Ivory Turner, 
1724-5. January 9^. Gilbert Warner, Distiller, 

19^. Edmund Peers, Mariner, 
February 2^. Henry Cuyler, Merchant, 

Jacobus Kip Esq'., Alder- 
man, R 
Hermanns Vangelder Esq'., 

Alderman, R 
Phillip Cortlandt Esq'., 

Alderman, R 
John Walter, Merchant, 
10^. Abraham Boelen, Merchant, 
R 
Henry Vanderspiegel, Mer- 
chant, R 
Andrew Teller, Merchant, R 
Peter Mesier, Brewer, R 
Barent Deforeest, Glazier, R 
Jonathan Sherer, School- 
master, 
I6^^ Cornelius Santford, Mer- 
chant, R 
Charles LeRoux, Goldsmith, 

R 
Garret Roos, Shopkeeper, R 
William Beekman, Chirur- 
geon, R 



I06 FREEMEN, 1724-5. 

1724-5. February i6^. Gerrardus Beekman, Mer- 
chant, R 
Richard Van Dam, Merchant, 

R 
Cornelius Vanhorne (Gar- 
rett's son), R 
23**. Petrus Rutgers, Brewer, R 
Frederick Williams, Baker, R 
Abraham Aelstyn, Brick- 
layer, R 
Isaac Van Hoeck, Cord- 

wainer, R 
Aaron Van Hoeck, Cord- 

wainer, R 
Egbert Van Barson, Cooper, 

R 
Walter Hyer, Mason, R 
Theophilus Elsworth, Brick- 
layer, R 
May 4^\ Thomas Lawrence, Joyner, 
Johannes Hibon Jun""., Car- 
penter, R 
1 1^^ Benjamin Bate, Cordwainer, 
John Lewis Pintard, Mer- 
chant, 
25*^ Katherine Webb, Spinster, 
June I*^ Peregrine Sandford, Wood- 
monger, 
Mary Binam, Widow, 
15^. John Sellens, Taylor, 
2 2^ Peter Finch, Schoolmaster, 
24*. Charles Wells, Mariner, 
29'^ James Darcey, Mariner, 

Richard Goodin, Locksmith, 
August 4*^. Samuel Broadhurst, Silver- 
smith, R 
ames Nisbitt, Taylor, 
acob Goelet, Mariner, R 
ohn Goelet, Feltmaker, R 



_ • 

September 7*. 



FREEMEN, 1 725-6. I07 

1725. September 7^. Richard Berry, Joyner, R 

John Vansise, Joyner, R 
Hendrick Bogaert, Baker, R 
Phillip Riche, Shipwright, R 
James Jacobs, Joyner, R 
Dirck Schuyler, Merchant. R 
John Lawrence, Barber, R 
Lawrence Garner, Farrier, 
Peter Simmons, Mariner, 
John Turner, Shipwright, 
14^. James Searle, Merchant, R 
October 5^^. William Hamersley, Mariner. 



Freemen made in the Mayorality of Johannes 

Jansen Esq'. 

November 9^. Thomas Hall, Cordwainer, 

16^. Richard Perrow, Miner, 
December 3**. John Keewin, Mariner, 
1725-6. January II*^ George Burnet, Shopkeeper, 

Walter Kippin, Mariner, 
Joseph Webb, Carpenter, 
February 15^^ John Davis, Butcher, 

22"*. Abraham Fincher, Joyner, R 
March i^\ Samuel Brown, Butcher, 

Cornelius Cousine, Cord- 
wainer, R 
Henry Cavelier, Shipwright, 

R 
Peter Brass, Cordwainer, R 
29^. Peter Morgat, Shopkeeper, 
John Hastier, Silversmith, R 
May 17^. William Dufour, Carman, R 
June 7*^ Jacob Hays, Merchant, 

Jurye Lockstead, Distiller, 
2I'^ Charles Arding, Taylor, 

Christopher Codwise, Felt- 
maker, 



I08 FREEMEN, 1 726. 

1726. July 5^. Francis Gottier, Mariner, 

12^. Jeremiah Davis, Butcher, 
Richard Wells. Butcher, 
Abraham Bertrand, Joyner, R 
William Golding, Bricklayer, 
R 
19^. John Lyndon, Feltmaker, 

Samuel Snowden, Felt- 
maker, 
Peter Moss, Feltmaker, 
Anthony Underwood, Sadler, 
Ephraim Sylvester, Butcher, 
Abraham Carcas, Snuflf- 

maker, 
Abraham Rodregos Rivera, 

Merchant, 
Johannes Lesser. Cord- 

wainer, 
Johannes Symentz, Cord- 

wainer, R 
Joseph Devou, Cordwainer, 

R 
George Walsgrave, Cooper, 
R 
August 16^. Robert Bennet, Shipwright, 

Robert Richardson, Cooper 
R 
30*\ John Taylor. Brazier, 
John Carr, Carpenter, R 
September 6^\ Nicholas Anthony, Cord- 
wainer, R , 
October ii^. William Tilladams, Mariner. 



Freemen made in the Mayorality of Robert Lurting 

Esq*". 

October 25^. Thomas Dart, Merchant, 
November 29^. Jason Vaughan, Gentleman, 



FREEMEN, I 726-7. IO9 

1726. November 29^. Isaac Delamontagne, Car- 
man, R 
1726-7. January IO^^ John Scot, Merchant, R 

Cornelius Wynkoop, Silver- 
smith, R 
17^. Thomas Niblett, Victualler, 

R 
31*^ Abraham Vanderhule, Bar- 
ber, R 
February 7^. Thomas Wendover, Cord- 

wainer, R 
Victor Bicker, Carpenter, R 
2I^^ John King, Wigmaker, 
April 11^. Mary Carpenter, Widow, 

18^. Richard Alsop, Shopkeeper, 
29^**. Robert Carter, Shipwright, 
Thomas Ford, Feltmaker, 
May 2"*. Thomas Hammond, Mariner, 
i6^\ Robert Saunders, Currier, 

John Garreau, Merchant, R 
30^. Archibald Campbell, Wig- 
maker, 
Edward Bailes, Tallow Chan- 
dler, 
June 20^. Hugh Higgins, Victualler, 
July 4^\ Michael Berthon, Cook, 
2 5^\ Thomas Corrin, Mariner, 
September 5^. John Noble, Merchant, 

12'^. Gabriel Moore. Shipwright, 

R 
i9^\ James Louree, Mariner. 
'October 3"*. Thomas Richardson, Mari- 
ner, 
Anthony Smithram, Cord- 

wainer, 
Edward Blagge, Gentleman, 
R. 



1727-8. January 9^. 



no FREEMEN, I 72 7-8. 

Freemen made in the Second Year of the Mayorality 

of Robert Lurting Esq^ 

1727. November 14^. Lucas Vechte, Carman, P 

2T*^ Daniel Gomez, Merchant, 
December 19^. Thau vet Besly, Goldsmith. R 

ames Fauiers. Merchant, 
acob Bomper, Brewer, 
ohn Turner, Currier, 
3avid Clarkson, Merchant, R 
Matthew Clarkson, Merchant, 
R 
23^ Maurice Eight, Blacksmith, 
R 
Peter Noxon, Cooper, R 
February 13^. Richard Phillpot, Mariner, 

20^. Stanley Holmes, Bricklayer, 
R 
Garret Cousine, Joyner, R 
Hester Musson, Widow, 
March 12^. Pieter Van Ranst, Sailmaker, 

William Ryley, Boatman, 
John Gelaspy, Taylor, 
April 2^ John Elnor, Carman, 

Henry Roberts, Taylor, 
9^^ Thomas Jewning, Butcher, 
30^. Joseph Jeacocks, Carman, 
Samuell Edmondson, Felt- 
maker, 
May 2^ His Excellency 

John M o n t- 
gomerie, Esq^, 
Captain, Gene- 
ral and Gover- 
nour in Chief 
of the Province 
of New York, 

* See Appendix No. 50. 



Compli- 
mented,* 



FREEMEN, 1 728. Ill 

1728. May 2^. Edward Gatehouse, School- 

master, Gratis, 
7^. Johannes Glundorff, School- 
master, 
Ambrose Licaer, Carman, 
14^. Thomas Gilbert, Merchant, ' 
Joseph Royall, Mariner, 
Samuel Cornell, Husband- 
man, 
21*'. Johannes Van SooHngen, 
Chirurgeon, 
June 4*. Harmanus Schuyler, Baker, 

R 
18^. Robert Green, Vintner, 
2 5^^ John Seymour, Merchant, 
Thomas Warren, Butcher, 
George Nicholls, Watch- 
maker, 
Michael Carlo, Jeweller, 
JohnGroesbeck, Merchant, R 
Martin Van Everen, Black- 
smith, R 
July 9^. Jacob Roberts, Cutler, 
David Lynn, Mariner, 
16^. Robert Alford, Butcher, 
23**. Thomas Raper, Carpenter, 
Nicholas Gouverneur, Mer- 
chant, R 
George Lurting, Gentleman, 
R 
30***. Joseph Murray, Gentleman, 
Complimented, 
John Chambers, Gentleman, 
Complimented,* 
August 6^. Joshua Paul, Tanner, 

Thomas Fincham, Labourer, 
I3*^ Daniel Masters, Carman, 

* See Appendix No. 51. 



112 FREEMEN, 1 728-9. 

1 7^8. August 20^. Stephen Morris, Cook, 

27^. Charles Robinson, Merchant, 
September 3**. Enoch Stevenson, Merchant. 



F*reemen made in the Third Year of the Mayorality of 

Robert Lurting Esq'. 

1728. October 16^. Capt. Covil Mayne, Compli- 
mented,* 
22**. Jan De Wit, Merchant, 
P[aid] 
Charles Jandine, Carpenter, 
R 
November 2^. Jan Hole, Maulster, P 

19^. Ezekiel Barbauld, Merchant, 
Thomas Killmaster, Skinner, 
R 
26^. Samuel Shurmur, Merchant, 
R 
December 17^. John Handcock, Mariner, 
1728-9. February' 2 8'^ Michael BattaiL Distiller, 

March 4*^ William Hoppe, Carman, 
18^. William Crolyas, Potter, 
March 25^. Johannes Roorback. Baker, 
April i'^ Daniel Dunscomb, Cooper, 
i5^\ Archibald Gelaspy, Victual- 
ler, 
William Br)'ant, Mariner, 
22**. Thomas Welch, Victualler, 
Gratis, 
Thomas Child, Cordwainer, R 
Obadiah Hunt Jun*"., Mer- 
chant, R[egisteredJ 
May 6^. John Campling, X'ictualler, 
John Sybrandt, Mariner, 
John Ackerman, Cordwainer 
R 

* Sec Appendix No. 52. 



FREEMEN, 1 729-3O. I 1 3 

1729. May 13'^. John Stevens, Mariner, 

14'^. Samuel Williams, Carpenter, 
2o^ John Hillyer, Tin - Plate 
Maker, 
June i;'^. Thomas Singleton, Black- 
smith, 
July 8*^. James Foddy, Glass Seller, 
George Warburton, Carver, 
August 5*. Christopher Nicholson, Bar- 
ber and Wigmaker, 
19***. John Browne, Merchant, 
September 2**. Thomas Harding, Feltmaker, 

R 
Richard Browne, Cutler, 
9^. Richard Davis, Feltmaker, 
Johan Frederick Gunter, 
Founder, 
16^. Jacques Gabriel Buvelot, 
Brazier, 
October 7^. Thomas Delamontagne, 

Brickmaker, R[egistered] 



Freemen made in the Fourth Year of the Mayorality 

of Robert Lurting Esq^, 

November 4'^ William Channing, Mer- 
chant, 
11^. Solomon Boyle, Skinner, 
1729-30. January i^^\ John Schutz, Barber and 

Perriwig Maker, R 
John Buckenhoven, Painter, R 
March 3^ Henry Dyer, Carman, 

24^. Benjamin Thomas, Mariner, 
April y^. Samuel Heath, Corn Chan- 
dler, 
Thomas Hedey, Wigmaker, 
John Killmaster, Feltmonger, 
R 

8 



114 FREEMEN, I73O. 

1730. April 14^. John I nnes, Taylor, 

Charles Taylor, Feltmaker, 
21*^ Adam Vandenbergh, Car- 
man, 
Bartholomew Noxon, Cutler, 
R[egistered] 
28^\ John Lewis, Mariner, 
May 5^. Christian Kocherthal, Tallow 

Chandler, 
William Morgan, Millwright, 
James Coden, Mariner, 
26^. Richard Baker, Victualler, 
Rice Williams, Feltmaker, 
Martin Clock, Shopkeeper, R 
June 2**. Thomas Brown, Butcher, 
I6*^ Thomas Hodges, Cord- 
wainer, 
Johannes Van Zandt, Lock- 
maker, R 
23**. Charles Dawson, Butcher, 

John Nicholls, Cordwainer, 
30^. Richard Bennet, Soap Boy- 
ler and Tallow Chandler, 
July 7^. Abraham Van Arenam, Car- 
man, R 
I4*\ Friend Lucas, Merchant, 
August 4*. Stephen Bourdet, Silver- 
smith, R 
October 6^\ Samuel Myers, Shopkeeper. 



Freemen made in the Fifth Year of the Mayorality of 

Robert Lurting Esq^ 

October i6*\ John Lindesay, Merchant, 

27'\ William Randall, Cord- 
wainer, R 
Peter Delamontagne, Car- 
man, R 



FREEMEN, I73O-I. Il5 

1730. November 3^ Abraham Hyatt, Cordwainer, 

10^. Edward Quey, Mariner, 

Benjamin Jarvis, f'eltmaker, 
24^. James Wallace, Merchant, 
December 22^ Richard Gill, Tallow Chan- 
dler and Soap. Boyler, 
1 730-1. January 12^. John Armstrong, Mariner, 

John Patterson, Victualler, 
Thomas Wood, Carman, 
George Stevens, Victualler, 
19^. Joseph Johnson, Bookbinder, 
February 2^. Robert Anderson, Shop- 
keeper. 



Freemen made and Registered in the Fifth Year of 
the Mayorality of Robert Lurting Esq"*., since the 
delivery of the New Charter, which was on 
Thursday the Eleventh Day of February, Anno 
Domini 1730-31. 

February 11^. Abraham Lodge, Attorney 

at Law, R 

Robert Lurtipg Esq^, Mayor, 
R 

Francis Harison Esq^, Re- 
corder, R 

Fredrick Philipse, ^ p „ 

Gerrardus Stuyve- ! a?^ '* 
sant, [ tT 

John Roosevelt, J "^^"' ^ 

Samuel Kip, Gen- 
tleman, 

John Moore, Mer- 
chant, 

Isaac DePeyster, 
Merchant, 

James De Lancey Esq^, Com- 
plimented, 



!- 



Assist- 
ants, R 



ii6 



FREEMEN, I73O-I. 



173O-I. 



23^ 



February ii^. Peter Warren Esq*"., Com- 
mander of his Mj". Ship 
Solebay, Complimented, 
John Avery, Gentleman, 

Complimented, 
James Alexander Esq^, At- 
torney at Law, Compli- 
mented, 
William Smith, Gentleman, 
Attorney at Law, Compli- 
mented, 
William Jamison, Gentle- 
man, Attorney at Law,* 
16^. Phillip Soaper, Carman, 
18***. Richard Nicholls, Attorney 
at Law, R 
Robert Bevan, Victualler, 
James Murphy, Victualler, 
Robert Todd, Victualler, 
Simon Appell, Baker, R 
Daniell Gautier, Joyner, R 
Thomas Grant, Joyner, R 
March 2^ Richard Toll, Taylor, 

Johann David Wolff, Taylor, 
William Burnet, Carman, 
John Tizard, Mariner, 
Charles Claghorne, Carman, 
Jacob Miller, Carman, 
Thomas Syckells, Victualler, 
ohn Downs, Victualler, 
ohn Coe, Pipemaker, 
idward Man, Cooper, R 
Samson Benson, Cooper, R 
Elinor Dod, Widow, 
April 6^. John Dennis, Victualler, 

Abraham Van Wyck, Mer- 
chant, R 



30 



th 



* See Appendix Ka 55. 



FREEMEN, I 73 I. 117 

1 73 1. April 6*^. David Abeel Merchant, R 

Joris Brinckerhoff, Merchant, 

R 
Gerrardus Duyckinck, Lim- 
ner, R 
Adrian Bancker, Goldsmith. 

R 
Evert Byvanck, Baker, R 
John Jackson, Goldsmith, R 
William Heurtin, Goldsmith, 
R 
13*^. John Breese, Glover and 
Leather Dresser, 
William Whittaker, Clock- 

maker and Watchmaker, 
George Fielding, Goldsmith, 

R 
John Noble, Barber, R 
Arnout Viele, Brazier, R 
Cornelius Vangelder, Black- 
smith, R 
Johannes De Graaf , Cooper, R 
Cornelius Turk, Mason, R 
Isaac De La Metre, Weaver, 

R 
John Benson, Wheelwright, R 
Adolph Benson, Blacksmith, 

R 
Samuel Pels, Ropemaker, 
May4'^ H em y Watts, Butcher, 

Anthony Lamb, Mathemati- 
cal Instrument Maker, 
John Troop Jun'., Barber, R 
Isaac Chardavoine, Joyner, R 
Christopher Robert, Silver- 
smith, R 
John Clarke, Shipwright, R 
11^. Richard Lawrence.Victualler, 
Benjamin Loring, Mariner, 



'7'.'- M^y 'f'V j^m'rs FranckIin.Ccrdwainer. 

John I^ Monies, MerchancR 
Jacobus Kip, Potmaker. R 
Jacobiis Rvckman. Bricklayer, 

K ^•;;i.stered 
Cornf:lius Courtrecht, Baker. 

R 
John ho^j^aert. Bricklayer. R 
Georpff: Lamb, Turner, R 
John Davis, Cooper, R 
Isaac Bussing, Cooper, R 
i8*\ fiumphrey Jones, Barber, R 
Alexander Allaire, Cooper, R 
Peter Quintard,Goldsmith, R 
25*^ 'I'hom«'is Edwards, Goldsmith, 
John lirigjfs, Apothecar)% 
Thomas Dwight, Cooper, R 
Phillip Goelet, Goldsmith, R 
Peter Pounteneau, Tinman,R 
Alb(!rtus Vandewater, Coop- 
er, R 
'Tobias Stoutenburgh, Gold- 
smith, R 
William Elsworth, Tinsmith, 

R 
ohn Bend, Shopkeeper, 
oseph Donaldson, Taylor, 
ohn Robins, Currier, 
Joshua Slidell, Soap Boyler, 
John Dunscomb, Cooper, R 
2(/\ John (ireen well, Taylor, 
Francis Warne, Joynen 
lulv 2cV\ lames Kennedy, Barber and 

\Viv»inaker, P 
Auo^ust l^*^ Ciodfrov Benniiwav, Carman. 

P aidl 
J4*\ David Cox. Wiorniaker, P 
;r'. Matthias BorroU. Men:hant.P 
Henry Filkin. Baker, R 



June i5*\ 



^ *>< 



FREEMEN, I 73 1-2. I I9 

1 73 1. August 31'*'. Phillip Perot, Cooper, R 

John Tenbroeck, Baker, R 
Henry Cordaz. Farmer, 
September 7*. Alexander Phenix, Mariner, 
21^'. Edward Orum, or Edward 
Worm, Butcher, P 
October 5^. David Cumberland Smith, 

Wigmaker, P[aid] 



Freemen made and Registered in the Sixth Year of the 
Mayorality of Robert Lurting Esq*". 

October 14***. Henry Beekman Esq^, High 

Sheriff, Complimented.* 
November 2^. Peter De Lage, Merchant, 

P 
30*. John Monroe, Feltmaker, P 
December 14^. Vincent Delamontagne Jun ., 

Brickmaker, R 
1 73 1-2. February 22**. Jacob Shearman, Cooper, R 

March 7^. Jepthah Smith, Carpenter, P 
28"^. David Cook, Mariner, P 
Andrew Hunter, Dyer, P 
John Oliver, Carman, P 
Henry Tenbroeck, Carman, R 
John Tenbroeck, Carman, R 
Casparus Blanck, Carman, 
R[egistered] 
April 4*\ John Miller, Gardener, P 

\S'\ Michael Thodey, Mariner, P 
25^^ William Ludlow,Shopkeeper, 
R 
May 16^^. James Spencer, Cordwainer, 

R 
23^ Phillip Fiot, Mariner, P 

Edward Arding, Victualler, P 

* Sec Appendix No. 56. 



I20 FREEMEN, I 732. 

1732. June 20^. Rostall Richardson, Shop- 

keeper, P[aid] 
27'^ Isaac Johnson, Mariner, P 
July 11'^. Timothy Horsfield, Butcher, 

P 
Robert Woodward, Joyner, 

P 
William Eagles, Sadler, P 
William Brown, Carman, P 
25^^ Michael Laurier, Cooper, R 
August 8^. Governor William Cosby, 

Complimented,*"' 
29^. William Crofts, Butcher, P 
Joseph Robinson, Butcher, 

P 
John Hunt, Mariner, R 
September I2*^ Peter Jay, Merchant, R 

Johannes Poulse, Cordwainer, 

R[ecjistered] 
Cornelius Tnorpe, Cord- 
wainer, R 
26*^. Lawrence Payne, Watch- 
maker, P 
John Oothout, Brewer, P 
October 3^. John Linter, Carpenter, P 

John Metcalfe, Joyner and 

Carpenter. P 
John Bassett. Pewterer, R 
Henry Bensing, Potbaker, R 
Cornelius Tienhoven, Cord- 
wainer, R 
Anthony Horn, Merchant, R 
io^\ John Linter Jun\, Carpen- 
ter, P 
Victor Hyer, Cordwainer, R 
Evert Pelse, Ropemaker, R 
Elbert Karing, Baker, R 

* Sec Appendix No. 58. 



FREEMEN, 1 732-3. 121 

Freemen made and Registered in the Seventh Year of 
the Mayorality of Robert Lurting Esq^ 

1732 October 23^ Lord Augustus Fitz Roy, 

Complimented,* 
24^. Richard Green, Butcher, P 
Johannes Hoppe, Carman, P 
Matthew Van Duersen, 

Cooper, R[egistered] 
William Fisher, Distiller, R 
November 21". William English, Victualler, 

Gratis 
Richard Waldron, Carman, 
R 
December 12^. John Lawrence, Butcher, P 

Zebediah Hunt, Shipwright,R 
^732-3. January 23^ Isaac Varian, Butcher, P 

February 6^. Archibald Fisher,Chirurgeon, 

P[aid] 
Joseph Scott, Merchant, P 
March 27^. John Johnson, Mariner, P 

Thomas Maynard, Mariner, 

R 
Henry Vandergrist, Felt- 
maker, R 
May 2 2*^. David Walker, Boatman, P 
William De Peyster, Gold- 
smith, R 
Adam King, Labourer, R 
June 5*. John Wyley, Carman, P 
July i7^\ Benjamin Burleigh, Apothe- 
cary, P 
August 24^. Major Alexander | p y 

ry., ^'j^ C mentedf 

1 homas rreeman, 1 ' 

September 1 1 "'. Michael Cornelisse, Carman, 

R 

* See Appendix No 59. f See Appendix No. 60. 



122 FREEMEN, I 733-4. 

^753' September ii*^. Thomas Cox, Butcher, R 

25^. Robert Hunt, Carman, P 
October 9^. Joseph Dotty. Cordwainer, H 



Freemen made and Registered in the Eighth Year of 
the MayoraJity of Robert Lurting Esq'. 

1 733-4. Februar}- 5^. George Young, Butcher, P 

19*. Joseph North, Cooper, R 
March 5*^ John Galloway. Ropemaker,R 
19^. Gysbert Garretson. Rope- 
maker. R Registered] 
John Yanderhule, Cordwain- 
er, R 
April 2^ Richard Robinson. Mariner, 

Gratis, 
John Gendell, Sa\iyer, Gratis. 
^o^- William Lewis, Barber and 
Perruke Maker, R 
May 7^. Aaron Pleaces, Weaver, P 
June 4*. Edward Kelly, Butcher, P 

Benjamin Akerly, Cordwain- 
er, P aid , 
Jacob Geruereaud ("dit Bois 
Fleury " >, Blockmaker, R 
lulv 2^*. Aaron Smith, Cordwainer, P 
August 6^. John Symes, Gentleman. R 

20^. Adam Koning. Cooper, R 
October i*^. William Cardv, Barber, R 

Samuell Goodness, Black- 
smith. R 
Rvnier Nack, Brewer, R 



Freemen made and Registered in the Ninth Year of 
the Mayoraiiiy of Robert Lurting Esq^ 

October 5'". Jacob Stoutenburgh. Gun- 
smith. R 



FREEMEN, 1 734- I 23 

1 734. October 5^. Barent Rynders, Merchant, 

R[egistered] 
Teunis Tiebout Jun ., Cord- 

wainer, R 
Stephen Bayard, Merchant 

and Alderman, R 
15^. Simon Johnson, Gentleman 

and Alderman, R 
William Roome, Painter and 

Alderman, R 
Christopher Fell, Bolter and 

Alderman, P[aid] 
Johannes Burger, bricklayer 

4nd Alderman, R 
Jacob Boss, Gardiner, P 
Frederick Becker, Carman, 

P 
29^. Sidney Breese, Leather 

Dresser, P 
Nathaniel Marston Jun**., 

Merchant, R 
Nicholas Bayard, Merchant, 

R 
Abraham Lynsen, Merchant, 

R 
ohn Byvanck. Vintner, R 
-lawsevelt Van Kueren, 

Blacksmith, R 
Peter Vlierboom, Cord- 

wainer, 
Jacobus Delamontagne, 

Blockmaker, R 
John Welsh, Cordwainer, R 
Thomas Welsh, Cordwainer, 

R 
Hercules Wendover, Black- 
smith, R 
Richard Norwood, Mariner, 

R 



124 FREEMEN, I 734- 

1 734- November 4***. Captain Matthew^ 

Norris, I Compli- 

Captain Robert j mented* 

Long, J 

12*^. Wessell Wessells, Merchant, 

R[egistered] 
Peter Lynch, Merchant, R 
John Marshall, Merchant, R 
Jasper Bosch, Mariner, R 
Harmanus Rutgers Jun'., 

Shopkeeper, R 
Henry Rutgers, Shopkeeper, 

R 
Peter Marschalck, Baker, R 

* .-,1 ^^_. 

Abraham Kip, Cooper, R 
James Simms, Joyner, R 
John WilHamse, Baker, R 
Charles Beekman, Cordwain- 

er, R 
Benjamin Moore, Sailmaker, 

R 
Arie Bogaert, Turner, R 
Isaac Gardiner, Cordwainer, 

R 
John Beekman, Blockmaker, 

R 
Abraham Vanhorne Jun., 

Merchant, R 
Nicholas Burger, Cooper, R 
Petrus Kip, Cooper, R 
Henry Deforeest, Printer, R 
Samuell Jacobs, Carman, R 
Christian Legrange, Black- 
smith, R 
Thomas Huggeford, Apothe- 
cary, P[aidj 
John Cox, Currier, P 

* See Appendix No. 6i. 



FREEMEN, 1734-5. 125 

1734. November I2*^ Phillip Blacklidge. Mariner, 

P[aid] 
I9^^ Peter Van Duersen, Chan- 
dler, R[egistered] 

Francis Brat, Baker, R 

Myndert Schuyler, Painter 
and Glazier, R 

Steenwyck DeRiemer, Gun- 
smith, R 

John Brazier, Carpenter, R 

John Tiebout, Blockmaker, 
R 

William Waldron. Farmer, R 

John Waldron Jun'.. of 
Hoornshook, Farmer, R 

Jacob Myer, Farmer, R 
26*^ Edward Quey, Wigmaker, P 

William Hawkshurst, 
Butcher, P 

Joseph Hanno, Ropemaker, 
P 

William Grant, Cordwainer, 
R 

Adam Dobbs, Blacksmith, R 

Isaac Deforeest, Cooper, R 

William Richardson, Cord- 
wainer, R 

Charles Beekman Jun^, Cord- 
wainer, R 

William Carr, Joyner, R 
December lo^. Robert Harris, Baker, P 

Luke Roome, Cordwainer, R 

John Bassett, Mariner, R 
31^ Robert Scott, Mariner, P 
1734-5. January ^4^^ Samuel Hopson, Butcher, P 

John Burroughs, Victualler, 
P 

Cornelius Brughman, Barber, 
R 



126 FREEMEN, 1734-5. 

1734-5. February i8'\ Samuel Lewis, Blacksmith, P 

Simon Cregier, Bricklayer, R 
Raphael Goelet, Limner, R 
Guybert Uyten Bogaert, Car- 
man, R[egistered] 
25^. Lawrence Vanderspiegel, 
Cordwainer, R 
March ii'^. Johannes Van Wyk, Cooper, 

P[aid] 
Richard Eagon, Mariner, R 
April i*^ Thomas Behenna^ Mariner, P 
Thomas Buttwell, Stay- 
maker, P 
Isaac Wood, Labourer, R 
John Cazalet, Shopkeeper, R 
15^. James Keeling, Mariner, P 
Henry Breested, Feltmaker, 

R 
Cornelis Bogert, Baker, R 
29^. John Hinman, Mariner, P 
Caleb Miller, Victualler, P 
May 6^\ Henry Row, Mariner, P 

John Constable, Mariner, P 
Robert Marrell. Weaver, P 
20^. Henry Vangelder, Carpenter, 
R 
Jockhem Anderson, Weaver, 
R 
June 3**. Nathaniel Sands, Victualler, 

P 
lo^^ Moses Gombauld, Mariner, 
P 
Frederick Fine, Cordwainer, 

R 
Jacob Kip, Cordwainer, R 
I7^^ John Eckerson, Carman, R 
John Stoutenburgh, Mer- 
chant, R 
July i^\ John Campbell, Distiller, R 



FREEMEN, 1735. 1 27 

\Mem. Robert Lurting Esq""., Mayor, died the 3"* 
July, 1735, ^"d P^^l Richard Esq^ was sworn Mayor 
ye 7^ of July, 1735.] 

^735* July ^S'*'* Nicholas Deforeest, Cooper, 

R 
17^^ John DeBoogh, Cordwainer, 
R 
Mark Pepper, Cordwainer, R 
Matthias Bender, Cooper, R 
Dirck Cooke, Carman, R 
29^. Joseph Ward, Clockmaker, R 
Peter Stoutenburgh, School- 
master, R 
Richard Swan, Feltmaker, R 
Isaac Garnier, Cordwainer, R 
Cornelius Van Hoeck, Cord- 
wainer, R 
Johannes Le Grange Jun^, 

Boatman, R 
Thomas Palmer, Joyner, P 
August 19'^ Robert Bowne, Merchant, P 

Gideon Lynsen, Baker, R 
Benjamin Benson, Farmer, R 
Francis Borree, Cordwainer, 
R 
September 2^ William Cosby, Gentleman, 

P* 
James Lyne, Gentleman, R 
Ahasuerus Turck, Cordwain- 
er, R 
William Beck, Cordwainer, R 
Andrew Myer, Cordwainer, R 
Thomas Allen, Cordwainer, 

R 
Gilbert Van Duersen, Mason, 
R 

* See Appendix No. 62. 



1 28 FREEMEN, 1735. 

1735. September 2^ Joseph Palding, Mason, R 

Peter Bant, Mason, R 
Thomas Willet, Merchant, 

R 
John Bant, Cooper, R 
Isaac Borree, Cooper, R 
Isaac Mattock, Cooper, R 
James Davy, Carpenter, R 
John Apple, Carpenter, R 
Jasper Farmar, Mariner, R 
Abraham Marschalck, Baker, 
R 
16^. Daniel Shatford, Schoolmas- 
ter. P 
David Hays. Merchant, P 
Garret Van Wagenen, 

Schoolmaster, P 
Lawrence Wessells. Baker, 

R 
Andrew Myer, Cordwainer, 

R 
Henry Kermer, Joyner, R 
Thomas Murg. Cooper, R 
Peter White, Cooper, R 
William Van Duersen, Cord- 
wainer, R 
Lawrence Lambertse, 

Weaver, R 
Thomas Rout, Baker, R 
Samuell Pell, Cordwainer, 
R 
2(f'. Andrew Hamilton, Barrister 

at Law, Complimented,* 
30^**. Lawrence Roome, Painter, 
R 
James Young, Cooper, R 
John Clopper, Baker, R 

* See Appendix No. 63. 



FREEMEN, 1735-6. I 29 

Freemen made and Registered in the Mayorality of 

Paul Richard Esq'. 

^735* October 14^. Israel Shadwick, Victualler, 

R* 
Peter Waldron, Yeoman, R 
2I•^ Edward Anderson, Carpen- 
ter, R 
Andries Barheit, Cordwain- 
er, R 
November 18^. Jesse Deforrest, Carman, R 
December 2\ Judah Hays, Merchant, P 
23**. John Cure, Cordwainer, R 
Cornelius Brewer, Baker, R 
1735-6. January 13^. Joseph Cowley, Merchant, P 
February 3**. James Brimer, Barber and 

Wigmaker, P 
William Beekman, Mariner, 
R 
17^ Samson Benson, Carman, R 
March 23*^. Peter Schuyler Esq'., R 

Adoniah Schuyler Esq'., R 
James Campbell, Baker, R 
Samuel Brown, Baker, P 
Cristian Hartell, Mariner, P 
April 6*. Richard Williams, Butcher, 

R 
13^. Edward Tittle, Merchant, P 

John Richard, Merchant, R 
20^. Anthony Yelverton, Carpen- 
ter, R 
John Stevens, Cordwainer, R 
May 4*^. Thomas Noble, Merchant, P 
Joseph Sacket Jun'., Mer- 
chant, P 
William Gale, Clothier, P 
iS'^. John Wallace, Cutler, P 

* See Appendix No. 64. 



130 FREEMEN, 1 736-7. 

1736. May 18^. Aaron Gilbert, Cordwainer, 

P 
James Mills, Wigmaker, R 
William Parcell, Cordwainer, 
R 
June i*\ William Hayes, Cooper, P 
James Jarrat, Carpenter, P 
Thomas Brown, Cutler, P 
August 3**. William Brownjohn, Apothe- 
cary, P 
September 14^. Richard Langdon, Mariner, 

P 
John Cavelier, Schoolmaster, 

R 
John Bloom, Turner, R 
28^. Jonathan Hardman, Mariner, 
P 
James Brown, Cordwainer, P 
Samuel Bayard Jun^, Mer- 
chant, R 
October 12^. John Shurmur, Merchant, P 

ohn Smith, Shopkeeper, Rj' 
David Vangelder, Black- 
smith, R 
14'^. Francis Child, Vintner, R. 



Freemen made in the Second Year of the Mayorality 

of Paul Richard Esq"". 

November 16**". Thomas Field, Taylor, P 
1736-7. January ii**". Laurence Rice, Tobacconist, 

P 
John Cousine, Cordwainer, R 
February 22**. William Peek, Labourer, R 

Samuel Dunscomb, Cooper, 
R 
March 29^. George Witts, Mariner, P 

Robert Hogg, Mariner, P 



^ 



FREEMEN, 1737. I3I 

1737. April 19^. John Blanchard, Distiller, P 

Albert Amerman, Carman, P 
Dirck Amerman, Carman, P 
May 3**. William Hitchcock, Carman, 

R 
24*^. John Vanderspiegel, Mer- 
chant, R 
William Milliner, Carman, R 
Andrew Sloane, Cordwainer, 

R 
Lancaster Symes, Gentle- 
man, R 
Charles Henley, Schoolmas- 
ter, P 
James Wyley, Cooper, P 
June 7^. Samuel Oates, Carman, P 

Jonathan Peisley, Victualler, 

P 
Josiah Smith, Mariner, P 
Charles Crooke, Bolter, R 
Gabriel Crooke, Bolter, R 
Adolph Brass, Cordwainer, R 
July 12^. William Hoase, Woolcard 

Maker, P 
John Steward, Carpenter, P 
John Gilbert, Bookkeeper, R 
August 2**. James Perfect, Butcher, P 

John Samuel Smith, Sadler, 

R 
Daniel Lynsen, Baker, R 
Daniel Waldron, Cordwainer, 
R 
23**. Robert Clarke, Mariner, P 
September 13^. Benjamin Quackenbos Jun^, 

Gunsmith, R 
John Peffer, Cordwainer, R 
Abraham Alesteyn Jun^, 

Bricklayer, R 
John Euwotse, Carpenter, R 



13^ FREEMEN, 173 7. 

1737. September 13^. Richard Kip, Cooper, R 

John Bisset, Mariner, R 
William Proctor, Watch- 
maker, P 
Stephen DeLancey Jun^, 

Merchant, R 
John DeLancey, Merchant, 

R 
John Watts, Merchant, R 
Lawrence LeTelHer, (Mer- 
chant, R 
Robert Troup, Mariner, R 
October 4^. Henry Jenkins, Glover and 

Skinner, R 
John Marschalck, Gunsmith, 

R 
John Roosevelt Jun*". (Son 

of Jacobus), R 
Abraham Quick, Cooper, R 
Cornelius Wortendyck, Shop- 
keeper, R 
Peter Ruston, Mason, R 
Jacob Phenix Jun^, Felt- 
maker, R 
William Bant, Cooper, R 
Peter Bush Jun'., Cooper, R 
John Vredenburgh, Cord- 

wainer, R 
Blias Brevoort, Tinman, R 
Benjamin Schutz, Feltmaker, 

R 
Peter Tillou, Turner, R 
Andrew Clopper, Merchant, 

R 
Thomas Haywood. Carpen- 
ter, R 
Cornelius Vonck, Baker, R 
John Teneyck, Cordwain- 
er, R 



FREEMEN, 1 737. 133 

^737' October 4^^ Thomas Warner, Cordwain- 

er, R 
Richard Teneyck, Cordwain- 

er, R 
Cornelius Bogert. Joyner, R 
Henry Brevoort, Turner, R 
Paul Pelletreau, Tallow 

Chandler, R 
John Stevens, Cordwainer, R 
Martin Bant, Cooper, R 
John Lessley Jun^, Mariner, 

R 
David Provoost Jun'., Mer- 
chant, R 
John Provoost, Merchant, R 
John Elsworth, Vintner, R 
John Eastham, Gentleman, 

R 
Cornelius Seabring, Baker, R 
Robert Benson, Merchant? R 
Giddes Provost, Cooper, R 
Jacobus Johnson, Taylor, R 
John Aspinwall, Mariner, R 
Peter Cannon, R 
Joseph Willson, Mariner, P 
William Crolius, Potter, P 
Peter Crolius, Potter, P 
Jacobus Peter Snider, Cord- 

♦wainer, P 
Johan Francis Walter,^ Car- 
penter, P 
William Popelsdorf, Baker, 
P 
October 6^. Peter Plowman, Feltmaker, 

R 
Gerret Hollar Morss, Felt- 
maker, R.* 

* See Appendix No, 66, 



1 34 



FREEMEN, I 737- 



Freemen made and Registered in the Mayorality of 
Paul Richard Esq', in his Third Year. 

1737. October i8^. Nathaniel Hazard, Shop- 
keeper, P 

William Colegrove, Felt- 
maker, P 

John Price, Taylor, P 

Balthazar DeHart, Glazier, 
R 

John Say re, Taylor, R 

Francis Marschalck, Baker, 
R 

Aaron Hyer, Cordwainer, R 

Garret Hyer, House Carpen- 
ter, R 

Abraham Vangelder, Gun- 
smith, R 
ohn Van Vorst, Baker, R 

?eter Anderson, Carpenter, 
R 

Thomas Duncan, Merchant, 
R 

Peter Wessells, Joyner, R 

Johannes Koning, Brick- 
layer, R 

Thomas Syckells, Cooper, R 
November i". William Dewitt, Barber and 

Wigmaker, R 

Walter Hyer, Cordwainer, 
R 

Frederick Hyer, Cordwainer, 
R 

Johannes • Alstein, Black- 
smith, R 

Jacobus Kierstead, Mariner, 
R 

Peter Van Norden, BrioV- 
maker, R 



^5 



th 



FREEMEN, I 737-8. 1 36 

1737-8. Januar)^ lo*. Cornelius Clopper, Shop- 
keeper, R 
James Quick, Cordwainer, R 
Hendrick Vandewater, Gun- 
smith, R 
Abraham Booke, Cooper, R 
Peter Bant Jun^, Cooper, R 
John Man Jun^, Cooper, |R 
Abraham Myers Cohen, 

Shopkeeper, P 
Gustaph Martin Rhuel, Tal- 
low Chandler, P 
Isaac Raphael Rbdriques, 

Shopkeeper, P 
Charles Lusher, Victualler, P 
3I'^ Lawrence Roome, Painter, R 
Andrew Fresneau, Merchant, 

R 
Samuel TenEyck, Mariner, 

R 
William Lyell, Sailmaker, R 
William Wood, Butcher, R 
Patrick Smith, Barber, P 
February 7^. Renier Burger, Blacksmith, 

R 
Casper Burger, Carman, R 
Barent Bush, Cooper, R 
Nicholas Thomas, Carman, 

R 
Robert Provoost, Cord- 
wainer, R 
Patrick Scandling, Butcher, 
P 
March 14^. William Axson, Mariner, P 

Marmaduke Earle, Painter 

and Glazier, R 
Abraham Mills, Joyner, R 
April II*, James Charlton, Cardmaker, 

P 



136 FREEMEN, 1 738. 

1738. May 2**. William Bartlett, Perriwig- 

maker, P 
Obadiah Wells, Glazier, P 
John Roberts, Cordwainer, 
P 
9^. John Lush, Mariner, P 
16^. Stephen Lawrence, Merchant, 
P 
Isaac Boeke, Cooper, R 
Johannes Myer, Cordwainer, 
R 
30^. Judah Mears, Merchant, P 
Thomas Eustick, Minor, P 
June 13^. Alexander Willson, Cord- 
wainer, R 
27^. Thomas Eraser, Tobacconist, 
P 
Abraham Purcell, Weaver, P 
Daniel Gardner, Distiller, P 
ohn Schultz, Upholsterer, P 
John Cregier, Mariner, R 
July II^^ Richard Cook, Bricklayer, R 

Thomas Ware Jun""., Cooper, 

R 
Freeman Redding, Joyner, 

R 
William Lane, Taylor, R 
Matthew Macguire, Farmer, 

Albertus Tiebout, Carpenter, 
R 
18^. Theophilus Elsworth, Shop- 
keeper, R 
Joost DeMill, Carpenter, R 
Samuel Bowyer, Butcher, P 
Richard Houghton, Barber 
and Wigmaker, P 
August 22**. Robej-t Ratsey, Mariner, P 

Thomas Rigby, Joyner, P 



TREEMEN, 1 738-9. I37 

1738. August 22^ William Richardson, Lock- 
smith, P 
Jeremiah Owen, Mariner, P 
Maurice DeHart, Sailmaker, 
R 
September 12^. William Cook, Mariner, P 

Moses Taylor, Brazier, P 
Everardus Brouwer, Mason, 
R 
October 3**. Nicholas Murphy, Butcher, 

P 
William Colwell, Joyner, R. 



Freemen made and Registered in the Fourth Year of 
the Mayorality of Paul Richard Esq'. 

October 17^. Thomas Fleming, Carman, 

P 

John Gasherie, Cordwainer, 
P 
November 7^. James Jones, Victualler, P 

Anthony White, Gentleman, 
R 

Henry Lane Jun^, Merchant, 
R 

Anthony Rutgers Jun^, Mer- 
chant, R 

William Rousby, Wigmaker, 
R 

Johannes Van Duersen, Cord- 
wainer. R 
December 5^. James Ruff head. Butcher, P 

Thomas Jones, Mariner, P 

Henry Lawrence, Mariner, R 

Peter Smith, Currier, R. 
1 738-9. February 6^ . William Dever, Mariner, P 

Cornelius Van Ranst, Sail- 
maker, R 



138 
1738-^. 



March 6***. 



20 



th 



FREEMEN, 1 738-9, 

February 20^. Jonas Wright, Shipwright, P 

Samuel Bell, Blacksmith, R 
William Dobbs, Blacksmith, 

R 
Charles Dobbs, Ropemaker, 
R 
ohn Saunders, Cooper, R 
ohn Tannar, Carman, P 
ohn Kingston, Blacksmith, 
R 
Jacob Sloover, Cooper, R 
Peter Hibon, Carpenter, R 
ohn Thomson, Carpenter, R 
ohn Quick, Carpenter, R 
Arnout Roome, Carpenter, R 
Nicholas Roosevelt, Gold- 
smith, R 
Daniel Burger, Cooper, R 
Anthony Ham Jun^, Joiner, R 
ohn Bogert Jun^, Baker, R 
ames Wyley, Baker, R 
Charles Sprainger, Turner, 

R 
Francis Scott, Barber, R 
Richard Ebbetts, Cooper, R 
George Vanhorne, Weaver, 
R 
April 10^. Victor Bicker, Feltmaker, R 

Luke Kiersted, Mariner, R 
Andrew Teneyck, Cooper, R 
ohn Sipkins, Taylor, R 
?eter Praa Provoost, Gun- 
smith, R 
Jacob Teneyck, Cooper, R 
George Elsworth, Chair- 
maker, R 
May i^ John Croker, Taylor, P 

Matthias Fosener, Carpen- 
ter, R 



FREEMEN, 1 739. 1 39 

1739. M^iy I'*'- John Benson, Carpenter, R 

15*. Isaac Van Dam, Merchant, R 
William Walton Jun^, Mer- 
chant, R 
Bartholemew LeRoux, Gold- 
smith, R 
William Peet, Shipwright, P 
James Thorne, Merchant, P 
Cornelius Vanderhooven, 

Carman, P 
Uriah Hiam, Tallow Chand- 
ler, P 
John McMuUen, Cordwainer, 

P 
George Burn, Victualler, P 
29^^ Samuel Richards, Mariner, P 
June 19^. Nicholas Baily, Cabinet 

Maker, P 
July 10^. Aaron Machado, Distiller, P 
August 9^. James Killmaster, Felt- 
monger, R 
21'^ John Lloyd, Farrier, P 
October 2**. James Turner, Cooper, P 

William Edmunds, Leather 

Dresser, P 
Richard Noble, Soap Boyler, 

P 
Isaac Bedlow, Cooper, R. 



Freemen made and Registered in the Mayorality of 

John Cruger Esq'. 

November 20^. William Ketchum, Cordwain- 
er, R 
Gerrardus Beekman Jun*"., 

Shopkeeper, R 
Evert Byvank, Barber, R 
Abraham Burrns, Carman, R 



140 FREEMEN, 1 739-4O. 

1739. November 20^. William Gilbert Jun^, Marri- 

ner, R 
John Earle, Glazier, R 
December 4*. Nicholas Roosevelt, Mer- 
chant, R 
Theodorus Van Wyck, Shop- 
keeper, R 
Abraham Benson, Cooper, R 
Lewis Parent, Carman, P 
18^. Jacob Somersdyke, Wheel- 
wright, R 
Richard Harris, Mariner, R 
John Burger (Son of Elias 
Burger), Bricklayer, R 
1739-40. January 8^. Elias Chardavoine, Baker, R 

John Bill, Turner, R 
29^. Thomas Taylor, Weaver, P 
Thomas Carter, Malster, P 
Alexander Willie, Cooper, P 
Peter Burger, Cooper, R 
March 11^. Henry Rousby, Shipwright, 

R 
ohn Kip, Blacksmith, R 
oseph Montanie, Black- 
smith, R 
April 5^. Thomas Corbett, Victualler, 

P 
Jacob Sickells, Carman, P 
Thomas Higby, Carman, 
May 20^. William Dean, Labourer, P 
John Allen, Cordwainer, R 
Isaac King, Cordwainer, R 
Gabriel Ludlow, Shopkeeper, 
R 
June 24^. Roger French, Shopkeeper, 

P 
Bartholomew Ryan, Mar- 

riner, P 
Henry Vangelder, Carman, P 



FREEMEN, I74O. I4I 

1740. July 22**. Samuell Hazard Jun^, Shop- 

keeper, P 
Edward Wheeler, Carman, R 
August 6^. Fredrick Webber, Cooper, R 

Abraham Anderson, Cord- 

wainer, R 
Cornelius Duyckman, Weav- 
er, R 
Hendrick Van Vleckeren 

Weaver, R 
Nicholas Kortright, Weaver, 
Johannes Bass, Weaver, R 
Teunis Somerdyck, Weaver, 

R 
Mathew Hoppe, Weaver, R 
Egbert Somerdyck, Weaver, 

R 
elles Mandeville, Yeoman, R 
acobus Van Orde, Brick- 
maker, R 
Isaac Webber, Wheelwright, 

R 
Arnout Webber, Brickmaker, 

R 
Cornelius Webber, Weaver, 
R 
19^. Hugh Crawford, Marriner. P 
26^. John Atkinson, Glover, P 
Samuell Waldron Jun'., Yeo- 
man, R 
John Nagell J un*".. Yeoman, R 
Benjamin Waldron, Cord- 

wainer, R 
Jacob Dyckman Jun*"., Yeo- 
man, R 
Abraham Myer Jun^, Weav- 
er, R 
Johannes Myer Jun^, Weav- 
er, R 



142 FREEMEN, 174O-I. 

1740. September i6^. Thomas Child, Barber, R 

John Williams, Cooper, R 
Aaron Bussing, Yeoman, R 
John Sickles, Yeoman, R 
Arent Myer, Yeoman, R 
Adolph Myer, Yeoman, R 
John Anderson, Yeoman, R 
Abraham Kerse, Yeoman, R 
John Kerse, Yeoman, R 
October I4^^ Daniel Horsmanden Esq^, 

Recorder, Complimented,* 
2i^\ Richard Heather, Blacksmith, 
P 
November 4^. Peter Galatian, Joyner, P 

I8^^ Isaac Levy, Shopkeeper, P 
December 29^. Michael Henderson, Marri- 

ner, P 
23**. William Chapell, Carman, P 
1 740-1. January 6^. William Drew, Butcher, P 

February 3**. Thomas Beer, Ship Carpen- 
ter, P 
24^. John Merrett, Merchant, P 
Thomas Allen, Schoolmaster, 
P 
March 17^. Francis Beckett, Marriner, P 
May 15^. John Covenhoven, Joyner, 

R 
Joshua Amy, Marriner, P 
Edward Townsend, Marri- 
ner, P 
Duncan Reed, Taylor, P 
Peter Knickabaker, Labour- 
er, P 
Jacobus Van Aelts, Labour- 
er, P 
ohn Ryan, Labourer, P 
ohn Willse, Labourer, P 

See Appendix No. 67. 



FREEMEN, I 74 1. 143 

1741. June 22**. Silvanus Simmons, Cordwain- 

er, P[aid] 
Gabriel Sprung, Cartman, P 
William Whitfield, Farrier, P 
30^.* Peter Vanbrugh Livingston, 
Merchant, P 
Thomas Alsop, Merchant, P 
Mathew Housman, Cartman, 

P 
Thomas Alsop Jun'., Mer- 
chant, Rregisteredj 
Benjamin Blagge, Merchant, 

R 
John Lamb, Painter, R 
July 28^. Moses Lopez, Merchant, P 

John French, Joyner, R 
August 4^. Thomas Timeson, Marriner, 

P 
Francis Roake, Taylor, P 
Benjamin Kierstead, Marri- 
ner, R 
25^. James Manners, Carman, P 
Peter Lassier, Carman, P 
Abraham Pit, Carman, P 
Jacob Bennet, Carman, P 
Lewis Nodine, Taylor, R 
John Cocks, Carman, R 
September 22**. Adam Mott, Baker, P 

Thomas Dods, Bricklayer, R 
October 13^. William Bowne, Cordwain- 

er. P 
ohannes Remson, Baker, P 
ohn Waldron, Baker, R 
3arent Seabring, Blacksmith, 
R 
November 24^. Daniel Van Duerse, Cooper, 

R 
George Brewerton, Hatter, R 
December 6^. Wendell Ham, Baker, R 



J44 FREEMEN, I74I-2. 

1 741-2. February 2^ Benjamin Hodger, Carman, 

Samuell Weaver Jun'., Cur- 
rier, Rfegistered] 
Thomas Grant Jun^, Joyner, 

R 
Benjamin Peddrick, Cooper, 
R 
23**. Vincent Montanie, Labourer, 
R 
Benjamin Jackson, Bolter, P 
Samuell Bown, Shopkeeper, 

Pfaid] 
Adolph DeGrove, Felt- 
maker, P 
Abraham Boker, Blacksmith, 
R 
March 9* Joseph Palding, Carman, R 
23**. John Smith, Leather Dresser, 
R 
Triancus Baldwin, Perruke- 

maker, R 
Alexander Forbes, Labourer, 
R 
April 6^. Adam Beekman, Cordwainer, 

R 
James Eckland, Marriner, P 
May 4^. Peter DeMorest Jun'., La- 
bourer, P 
John Leake, Shopkeeper, P 
Paul Francis Cebe, Shop- 
keeper, P 
18^. John Kilmiston, Joyner, P 
Peter Charlton, Joyner, P 
Edward Marriner, School- 
master, P 
Robert McAlpin, Stationer, P 
Richard Byfield, Joyner, R 
June 8^\ Christophell Stymets, Cord- 
wainer, P 



FREEMEN, 1 742-3. I45 

1742. June 8^. Maynard Burt, Marriner, P 

August 3**. Benjamin Stout, Cordwainer, 

R[egistered] 
John Stout, Periwiggmaker, 
R 
24*. Edward Graham, Merchant, 
P[aid] 
George Thorne, Cordwainer, 
R 
September 21**. Alexander Stewart, Cooper, 

P 
Richard Smith, Shopkeeper, 

P 
Cornelius Clopper Jun^, Mer- 
chant, R 
Wood Furman, Shopkeeper, 
P 
October 12*^. Thomas Hollock, Taylor, P 
November 2^. Solomon Hayes, Merchant, P 
23^ James Rombart, Cordwainer, 
R 
John Brevoort, Silversmith, 

R 
Elias Brevoort, Gunsmith, R 
William Baldwin, Cordwain- 
er, R 
John Myer, Gunsmith, R 
December 21"'. John Alwine, Cordwainer, R 

John Myer, Cordwainer, R 
Thomas Dobson, Tanner, R 
1742-3. January 1 1*^. Simon Lambertse, Weaver, R 

Richard Outenbogert, Black- 
smith, R 
Abraham Forbes, Bricklayer, 

R 
Isaac Blanck, Cordwainer, R 
Henry Whitfield, Feltmaker, 

R 
Phillip Smith, Joyner, P 
10 






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FREEMEN, 1 743. 147 

1 743. May 3^ Anthony Schuyler,Gunsmith, 

R[egistered] 
John Peek, Sailmaker, R 
Gerrardus Phoenix, Taylor, R 
An King Jun^, Feltmaker, 

R 
Mathew Wool, Cordwainer, 

R 
Daniel Raveau, Cordwainer, 

R 
24*^. Charles Fraser, Tobacconist, 

P[aid] 
Thomas Leimington, La- 

bourer, P 
Isaac Morris, Labourer, P 
Dillion Bogert, Labourer, P 
James Scott, Chandler, P 
ames Napier, Sailmaker, P 
ames Warner, Carpenter, R 
Andrew Cannon, Painter, R 
Simon Van Sise, Shipwright, 

Cornelius Van Sise, Ship- 
wright, R 

Daniel Van Vleckeren, Cord- 
wainer, R 

Peter Colwell, Shopkeeper, R 
June 21*^ Abraham Pinto, Chanaler, P 

John Halden, Brazier, P 

Enoch Hunt, Distiller, P 

Peter Van Dewater, Labour- 
er, P 

Jacobus Van Orden, Labour- 
er, P 

Samuell Brower, Carpenter, 
P 

Robert White, Taylor, P 

Abraham Wheeler, Brick- 
layer, R 



un^, Cord- 



148 FREEMEN, 1 743- 

1743- August 2^ Asher Mott, Merchant, P 

William Page, Blacksmith, R 
Lambert Losis, Blacksmith, R 
William Blake, Surgeon, R 
September 30"*. His Excellency George Clin- 
ton Esq^, Captain-General 
and Governour-in-Chief of 
the Province of New York, 
&c.. Complimented,* 
October 4^. Thomas Moone, Merchant, P 

Levy Samuel, Merchant, P 
George Nicolls, Yeoman, P 
John Bramgen, Taylor, P 
Zacharias Sickles, Cordwain- 

er. R[egistered] 
Isaac Van Hook 

wainer, R 
John Cornelius, Cordwainer, 

R 
Abraham Lott, Baker, R 
November i". Hugh Wentworth, Merchant, 

P[aid] 
John DeLamontanie (son of 

Isaac), Cordwainer, R 
William Woynet, Blacksmith, 

R 
Abraham Lave, Baker, R 
C o 1 i n e Vangelder, Gun- 
smith, R 
John DeLanoy, Bricklayer, 

R 
Harry Van Maple, Bricklayer, 

R 
William Van Dalson, Turner, 

R 
John Beekman, Sadler, R 
William Ellis, Cooper, R 

* See Appendix No. 68. 



FREEMEN, 1 743-4. 1 49 

1743. November i"^. Abraham DeLamontanie, 

Carpenter, R[egistered] 
Aaron Bussing, Carpenter, R 
James DeLanoy, Carpenter, 
R 
ohn Defoor, Cordwainer, R 
idward Laight, Currier, R 
Daniel Bonnett Jun'., R 
Cornelius Ewoutse, Felt- 
maker, R 
Edward Willet, Gentleman, 
P[aid] 
22^ Abraham Bargeau, Marriner, 
R 
Tobias Ten Eyck, Merchant, 

R 
Lancaster Green, Attorney 
at Law, R 
1743-4. February 28^. Alexander Bates, Mason, R 

March 20^. John Waghorne, Japanner 

and Turner, P 
April 10^. Daniel Bloom, Merchant, R 

Hermanus Alstyne, Brick- 
layer, R 
Philip Cockrem, Carpenter, 

R 
Jonathan Hazard, Shop- 
keeper, P 
Daniel Hazard, Marriner, P 
Thomas Brookman, Carpen- 
ter, P 
Andrew Carroll, Carpenter, P 
John Campbell, Labourer, P 
Cornelius DeGroot, Labour- 
er, P 
May i". George Peterson, Sugar 

Baker, P 
Mathias Earnest, Taylor, P 
Samuell Birdsall, Labourer, P 



l5o FREEMEN, 1 744. 

1744. May i*^ Jonas Melick, Labourer, P 

^ 4"^. MartinusCregier, Marriner,R 

22^ William Donaldson, Chan 
dler. PTaid] 
George Dobbins, Farrier, P 
William Wood, Labourer, P 
Johannes De Graaf, Labour- 
er, P 
Thomas Bond, Labourer, P 
Lauchlin McLean, Labourer, 

P 
Abraham Darie, Shopkeeper, 

R[egistered] 
Gregory Crouch, Cooper, R 
Peter Fonk, Labourer, R 
Cornelius Quackenbus, La- 
bourer, R 
Regnier Hopper, Labourer, 
R 
June 19^. Richard Clarke Cooke, Paint- 
er and Limner, P 
Anthony Glin, Labourer, P 
ohn Steel, Labourer, P 
^eter Trueman, Labourer, R 
Abraham Abrahams, Barber 
and Pemkemaker, P 
August 7^. John Dies, Merchant, P 

Andrew Gibbs, Carpenter, P 

John Moulinar, Goldsmith, R 

October 2^. William Taylor, Feltmaker, 

R 



Freemen made and Registered in the Mayorality of 

Stephen Bayard Esq^ 

Novembers^. Isaac Abrahams, Distiller, P 

ohn Hanion, Cooper, R 
'ohn Van Varrick, Baker, R 



FREEMEN, 1744-5. l5l 

1744. December 18^. Abraham DeLanoy, School- 
master, R[egistered] 
ohn Benin, Marriner, R 
ames Man, Cordwainer, R 
ohn Outenbogert, Cooper, R 
Peter Losee Jun^, Labourer, 

R 
Casper Stymetze, Labourer, 

R 
Charles Allen, Marriner, P 
James Jackson, Cordwainer,P 
Ebenezer Lamson, Barber, P 
1744-5. February 5***. Henry Bell, Labourer, P 

acob Parcell, Labourer, P 
ohn Murra, Labourer, P 
ohn Angevine, Labourer, P 
lichard Bidder, Mariner, P 
John Beekman, Merchant, R 
Henry Turck, Merchant, R 
ames Lowns, Cooper, R 
ohn Carpenter, Butcher, R* 
Albertus Bush, Marriner, R 
26***. William Sells, Labourer, P 
John Ackley, Joyner, R 
March 26^. Thomas Willson, Marriner, P 

Peter De Joncourt, Victualler, 

P[aid] 
Daniel Agar, Dyer, P 
Mathew Areson, Labourer, P 
Abraham Frere, Labourer, P 
Benjamin Van Buskirk, La- 
bourer, P 
Lawrence Van Buskirk, La- 
bourer, P 
Richard Sibley, Turner, R 
James Brown Jun^, Perri- 
wiggmaker, R 

* See Appendix No. 69. 



1 52 FREEMEN, 1745. 

1745. April 9^. James Man, Shopkeeper, P 

May 7^. David Griffith, Marriner, P 
Solomon Furman, Cooper, P 
Jasper Drake, Boatman, P 
Drake Palmer, Cordwainer, P 
Peter Remson, Baker, P 
John Cole, Labourer, P[aid] 
David Davies, Labourer, P 
Garret Davies, Labourer, P 
John Carmon, Labourer, P 
Isaac Daw, Labourer, P 
George Coesaart, Bricklayer, 
R[egistered] 
28^. James Wheeler, Cordwainer, 
R 
John Smith, Labourer, P 
Daniel Schureman, Labourer, 

P 
Isaac Stagg, Labourer, P 
Peter DeWitt, Labourer, P 
Elijah Muller, Shipwright, P 
Jacob Hallett, Cordwainer, P 
June 25^. Bartram Burd, Cordwainer, P 

William Creed,Cordwainer, P 
Nathaniel Lawrence, Gentle- 
man, P 
Lawrence Van Wyck, Labour- 
er, P 
John Hollen, Marriner, 
July 23**. Benjamin Daly, Shipwright, P 
James Cox, Shipwright, P 
Alexander Monro, Ship- 
wright, P 
Elliott Allchurch, Shipwright, 

P 
Alexander Mowatt, Ship- 
wright, P 
Stephen Crosfield, Ship- 
wright, P 



FREEMEN, 1745. 1 63 

1 745- July 23**. Charles Gardner, Shipwright, 

P[aid] 
Daniell Ruff, Shipwright, P 
William Weeks, Shipwright, 

P 
Samuell Johnson, Shipwright, 

R[egistered] 
Joseph Latham, Shipwright, 

R 
Daniel Latham, Shipwright, 

R 
Enoch Vrelandt, Shipwright, 

R 
John NicoU, Blacksmith, R 
Peter Berjeau, Marriner, R 
August 6^. Thomas Bowman, Shipwright, 

P 
James Fulford, Shipwright, 

P 
Thomas Burnton, Shipwright, 

P 
Joseph Bowman, Shipwright, 

P 
Thomas Cope, Marriner, P 
Samuell Carter, Shipwright, 

R 
Samuell Brughman, Marri- 
ner, R 
27"*. John Post, Shipwright, R 
Joost Goederus, Cooper, R 
Benjamin Watson, Cooper, R 
Cornelius Myer, Blacksmith, 

R 
ohn Downs, Blockmaker, R 
ohn Grant, Blacksmith, P 
^awrence Vanderhoof , La- 
bourer, R 



September 24^. 



October 15*^. 



ohn Griffiths, Marriner, P 
oris Remson, Bolter, P 



1 54 FREEMEN, 1745-6. 

1745. October 15^. Abraham Remson, Bolter, P 

Andrew Varrick, Feltmaker, 
R[egistered] 
November 5^. John Young, Gentleman, P 

Andrew Ramsey, Gentleman, 

P[aid] ' 
William Cadogan, Cordwain- 

er, P 
Bryan Nevin, Marriner, P 
John Lake, Carpenter, R 
Cornelius Tiebout, Block- 
maker, R 
26***. Barnaby Savage, Ropemaker, 
R 
December 1 7***. Richard Trueman, Labourer, 

R 
Hendrick Powelse, Mason, R 
Elisha Parker, Gen*., Attor- 
ney at Law, R 
John Burnet, Gen*., Attorney 

at Law, R 
John Eween, Carpenter, R 
Peter Giraud, Joyner, R 
Charles Phillips, Cooper, R 
ohn Carr, Joyner, R 
ohn Margeson, Carpenter, R 
1745-6. January 7^. Donald McCoy, Marriner, P 

Edward Earle, Feltmaker, R 
Francis Childs Jun^, Peruke- 
maker, R 
John Lasher Jun^, Cord- 
wainer, R 
February 4***. Thomas Kendell, Marriner, P 
18*^. George Rydout, Goldsmith, 
P 
March 4*^ William Cannon, Taylor, P 

William Bonus, Surgeon, P 
Caleb Lawrence, Bolter, P 
Charles Nicol, Cordwainer, R 



FREEMEN, 1745-6. 



i55 



'745-6. 



April 



23 
29 



th 



March 4***. Lawrence Burras, Perriwigg- 

maker, R[egistered] 
Alexander Allaire J un^, Coop- 
er, R 
Abraham DeLanoy, Felt- 
maker, P[aidJ ■ 
John Ayscough, Physitian, P 
Malcolm Campbell, School- 
master, P 
Jonathan Hazard, Currier, P 
Hugh Rogers, Marriner, P 
ohn Bulfinch, Marriner, P 
acob Cole, Labourer, P 
Charles Berry, Perukemaker, 

R 
Gilbert King, Perukemaker, 

R 
Johannes Man, Sadler, R 
Andrew Gautier, Joyner, R 
Myer Myers, Goldsmith, R 
John Zenger, Printer, R 
George Walg^ove, Cooper, R 
John Roome Jun^, Black- 
smith, R 
Casparus Hertz, Labourer, R 
May 6*, Cornelius Van Cliff, Labour- 
er, P 
John Johnson, Labourer, P 
Teunis Jacobs, Carpenter, R 
June 3^ William Willson, Chandler, P 
John Quackenbos, Carpenter, 

P 
Charles Walpole, Mathemat- 
icall Instrument Maker, P 
George Johnson, Bolter, P 
William Webb, Victualler, P 
Samuell DeMaree, Labourer, 
P 



1 56 FREEMEN, I 746. 

1746. Junes**. Nicholas Anderson, Labour- 

er, P[a ] 
Jacobus Van Wyck, Labour- 
er, P 
Abraham Brinckerhoff, La- 
bourer, P 
John Davenport, Labourer, 

P 
Henry Ludlow, Merchant, R 
Thomas Ludlow, Merchant, 

R[egistered] 
William Searle, Gen\, Attor- 
ney at Law, R 
Peter Montanie, Blacksmith, 

R 
ohn Lyons, Blacksmith, R 
ohn Ellison, Sailmaker, R 
ohn Ewoutse, Feltmaker, R 
July i". Mathew Van Alstyne, Mer- 
chant, P 
Jacobus Buys, Labourer, P 
Thomas Lappel, Joyner, P 
Reginald Macbareth, Taylor, 

P 
Hendrick Wessells, Sail- 
maker, P 
William Anderson, Gold- 
smith, R 
22^ Joseph Meeks, Weaver, P 
John Vangelder, Blacksmith, 
R 
September 2^ Hamilton Heuston, Marri- 

ner, P 
William Peters, Victualler, P 
Albert Van Brunt, Baker, P 
October 14^. John Waddell, Marriner, P 

ohn Brandt, Marriner, P 
oseph Griswold, Distiller, P 
Samuell Tingley, Marriner, R 



FREEMEN, I 746-7. iSj 

1746. November 4***. John Cross, Cooper, P[aid] 

Samuell Babington, Peruke- 
maker, R[egistered] 
Adrian Man, Baker, R 
7^. Edward Nicoll, Cordwainer, 
R 
Johannes Hansen, Gunsmith, 
R 
1746-7. January 13*. Jacob Christopher Foster, 

Tallow Chandler, P 
Luke Mathewman, Taylor, P 
Abraham Brower, Labourer, 
P 
February 3^ Francis Davison, Carpenter, 

Gratis for his good Service 
in Extinguishing the Fire 
at the City Hall,* 
Richard Wool, Feltmaker, R 
March 3^ James Sample, Marriner, P 

Nicholas Bogert, Baker, R 
Jonathan Wheeler, Labourer, 
R 
3 1'\ John Estenbrook, Shipwright, 
P 
Simon Roberts, Shipwright, P 
ames Clarke, Shipwright, P 
acob Smout, Shipwright, P 
William Haysham, Ship- 
wright, P 
William Kingsland, Ship- 
wright, 
Timothy Sloan, Weaver, P 
Benjamin Lozier, Labourer, 

P 
John Dobey, Joyner, P 
Archeliaus Colardis, Marri- 
ner, P 

Sec Appendix No. 70. 



Duncan Brown, 
John Ebbetts, 



l58 FREEMEN, 1747* 

1747. March 31*^. Johannes Cowenhoven, La- 

bourer, Rfegistered] 
Mathew Hoppe, Labourer, R 
Francis Marney, Shipwright, 
R 
April 14^. Charles Johnson, School- 
master, P[aid^ 
Ari Brinckerhoff, Labourer, 

P 
William Ross, Carpenter, P 
John McClean, Shipwright, 

P 
Daniel Dunbibbin, Marriner, 
P 

^ Marriners 
Gratis for 
their good 
Service in 
V E X t i n - 
guishing 
the Fire at 
the City 
Hall,* 
Volkert Vanhorne, Carpen- 
ter, R 
Gilbert Forbes, Carpenter, 

R 
Joseph Forbes, Cordwainer, 

R 
Jeremiah Lenn, Mason, R 
May 5^. Thomas Emmans. Labourer, 

P 
Hans Jacob Huber, Labour- 
er, P 
Ulrick Brouwer, Labourer, P 
Isaac Ver Veelen, Labourer, 
P 

* See Appendix No. 70. 



J 



FREEMEN, 1747- i5g 

1747. May 5^. John Amerman, Labourer, P 

Aaron Stockholm, Cordwain- 

er. P[aid] 
Thomas Pearse, Staymaker, 

P 
John Jeffrey, Shipwright, P 
Anthony Dobbins, Marriner, 

P 
David Jones, Carpenter, P 
Johannes Douw, Turner, R 
6***. William White, Marriner, P 
James Nash, Labourer, P 
Henry Shaver, Labourer, P 
June 2^ Abraham Cuyler, Shopkeeper, 

P 
Henry Shaddine, Shipwright, 

P 
Hugh Gill, Marriner, P 
James Welch, Marriner, P 
Moses Garrison, Labourer, P 
Joseph Tomkins, Labourer, 

P 
Joseph Seaman, Labourer, P 
Thomas Ackerson, Labourer, 

P 
John DeGray, Labourer, P 
Alexander Griggs, Labourer, 

P 
Daniel Dunscombjun^, Coop- 
er, R[egistered] 
Cardan Proctor, Watchmaker, 

R 
Peter Ridout, Labourer, R 
30***. Phillip Philipse, Merchant, R 
John McEvers Jun^, Attor- 
ney at Law, R 
Abraham Eight, Marriner, R 
July 2i'^. Archibald McEuen, School- 
master, P 



l6o FREEMEN, 1 747-5. 

1747. Ju^y ^i**- After Burtis, Labourer, P 

August 4^. Christopher Myer, Labourer, 

P[aid] 
ohn Price, Marriner, P 
ohn Van Cortlandt, Gentle- 
man, Attorney at Law, R 
Peter Keteltas, Merchant, 

R[egistered] 
William Slow, Labourer, R 
September 29^. Humphry Davenport, La- 
bourer, P 
Jacob Brandt, Cooper, R 
Abraham Emott, Labourer, 
R 
October 13***. John McQuary, Labourer P 

John Lee, Carpenter, R 
Abraham Deforeest, Felt- 
maker, R. 



Freemen made and Registered in the Mayorality of 

Edward Holland Esq^ 

November 3^ Hugh Mullaghan, Perriwig- 

maker, P 
Alexander McCoy, Marriner, 

P 
Francis Davis, Marriner, P 
Abraham Brasier, Gunsmith, 

R 

17^. Robert Elliott, Shopkeeper, 
P 
December i". Elias De Grushe, Rope- 
maker, P 
22^ Edward Annely, Gunsmith, 
P 
Thomas Herdon, Wheel- 
wright, R 
1747-8. January 12^ John Tuder, Merchant, R 



FREEMEN, 1 747-8. l6l 

1747-8. January 12^. Anthony Rutgers, Gentle- 
man, R[egistered] 
Elijah Heffernan, Carpenter, 

P[aid] 
Henry Bryant, Weaver, P 
February 2^ Andries Ten Brook, Carpen- 
ter, R 
Joseph Williams, Carpenter, 

R 
William Nicholson, Rope- 
maker, P 
19^. John Milligan, Doctor of 
Physick, P 
March i"*. David Brower, Labourer, P 

Malcolm McEuen, Bookbind- 
er, P 
John McEuen, Labourer, P 
Johan Jury, Libily, [?] P 
15^. Richard Jeffery, Marriner, P 
Thomas Haysham, Marriner, 

P 
Thomas Willis, Weaver, P 
Robert Carr, Bricklayer, R 
April 5^ John Kindell, P 

13'*'. Ralph Steel, Labourer, P 
May 3**. James Carr, Labourer, P 

Martinus Weytman, Labour- 
er, P 
Mathew Oakee, Labourer, P 
Jonathan Ogden, Yeoman, P 
4^. Isaac Hays, Tallow Chandler, 
P 
Lawrens Van Boskirk, La- 
bourer, P 
Jacob Van Wormer, Labour- 
er, P 
Isaac Buys, Labourer, P 
Hendrick Suydam, Butcher, 

P 
II 



l62 



FREEMEN, I 748. 



1748. 



31 . 

June 7*^, 

21^ 



May 4^. Hendrick Remsen, Mer- 
chant. P[aid] 
Joseph Veal, Labourer, P 
John Waters, Innkeeper, P 
Bartholomew Crannell. At- 
torney at Law, R 
Gideon Carstaing, Rope- 
maker. R[egistered] 
Peter Teats, Weaver, R 
Hugh Williams, Marriner 
(gratis given Claudius), 
July 8^. Gulian Varck, Gunsmith, R 

iacob Roome, Marriner, R 
lalph Thurman Jun'., Coop- 
er, R 
William Dobbs, Blacksmith, R 
William Pontinier, Tinman, R 
Joseph Smith, Labourer, R 
Roger Magra, Taylor, P 
John Parcell Jun'., Black- 
smith, R 
John Burgiss, Marriner, Com- 
plimented,* 
28^. Jacob Gardinier, Labourer, R 
Andrew Hoyer, Gunsmith, R 
August 2^ Cristopher Godlieb Cerutz, 

Baker, P 
ohn Christee, Taylor, P 
ames Gordon, Labourer, P 
His Excellency ^ 
William Shir- 
ley Esq^, Gov- 
er' of the Col- 
on y of the Mas- 
sachusets Bay, 
in New Eng- 
land, 



II 



th 



>■ Compli- 
mented, f 



* See Appendix No. 72. 



t See Appendix No. 73. 



FREEMEN, 1 748. 1 63 

1748. August 23^ James Colwell, Labourer, 

P[aid] 

Johannes Duries, Baker, P 
September 13*^. Isaac Ryckman, Cordwainer, 

R[egistered] 

Gilbert Ash, Joiner and Car- 
penter, R 

Samuel Ryckman, Peruke- 
maker, R 

Robert (James) Livingston, 
Merchant, R 

Nicholas Stuyvesant, Mer- 
chant, R 
22**. lacobus Blecker, Baker, P 
ohn Welsch, Bricklayer, P 
ohn Turck, Cooper, R 
acob Roosevelt Jun'., Shop- 
keeper, R 

Teunis Tiebout Jun'., Block- 
maker, R 

Garret DeGraff, Cooper, R 

James Tucker, Shopkeeper, P 

Lawrence Lawrence, Mer- 
chant, R 

George Marschalk, Block- 
maker, R 

Isaac Roosevelt, Merchant, 
R 

Jacobus Roosevelt, Mer- 
chant, R 

Gerrardus Duyckinck, Lim- 
ner, R 

Abraham Van Wyck Jun'., 
Merchant, R 

Edward Williams, Cordwain- 
er, R 

Henry Beekman, Cooper, R 

Jacob King, Blockmaker, R 
26*^. Henry Cregier, Marriner, R 



164 FREEMEN, 1 748. 

1 748. September 26*. William Van De Water, 

Cooper, R[egistered] 
Wiert Banta, Carpenter, R 
Garret DeGrams, Carpenter, 

R 
Isaac Bertrand, Cooper, R 
William Heyer, Cooper, R 
Francis Hendricks, Gun- 
smith, R 
James Johnson, Wiggmaker, 

R 
James Stevens, Cooper, R 
Peter Hyer, Cooper, R 
James Downs, Blockmaker, 

R 
John George Cook, Stock- 
ing weaver, P[aid] 
William Kippin, Block- 
maker, R 
William Savory, Marriner, R 
John Lawson, Marriner, P 
Thomas Bevan, Marriner, P 
October 6^. William Allison, Surgeon, P 

William Kelly, Marriner, P 
Phillip Hogan, Marriner, P 
William Lee, Carpenter, R 
Adam Phafer, Carpenter, R 
November i*^. Thomas Sparham, Surgeon, 

P 
Simon Franks, Perukemaker, 

P 
Battos Hyer, Cooper, R 
John Marschalk Jun*"., Block- 
maker, R 
William Livingston, Gentle- 
man, Attorney at Law, R 
2^. John Williams, Shipwright, R 
22**. John Forrest, Taylor, P 

Matthew Morris, Labourer, P 



FREEMEN, I 748-9. 1 65 

1748. December 13^. Jacobus Myer, Labourer, P 

20^. Robert Northhouse, Carpen- 
ter, P[aid] 
John Mayfield, Marriner, P 
29^. Abraham Bussing, Mason, P 
ohn Crum, Cooper, P 
ohn Abramse, Carpenter, P 
oseph Hildreth, Schoolmas- 
ter, R[egistered] 
1748-9. January lo^. John Corbey, Labourer, P 

David Devoor Jufi'., Weaver, 

R 
David Giraud, Bricklayer, R 
February 9^. Robert Keech, Shipwright, P 

Daniel White, Shipwright, R 
Benjamin Clardock, Ship- 
wright, P 
Persidias Gerrebrantz, P 
John Gossinor, Labourer, P 
Elijah Lynch, Shipwright, P 
Benjamin Clifton, Shipwright, 

P 
Robert White, Shipwright, R 
Daniel Wright, Taylor, P 
Charles Gilmour, Wiggmaker, 

R 
John Churchwell, Mastmaker, 
P 
10*^. John Neilson, Labourer, P 
28^. John Alsop, Gentleman, At- 
torney at Law, R 
Lewis Relay, Cordwainer, R 
March 21'^ Richard McGuire, Labourer, 

P 
31"*. Alexander Wyley, Pedlar, P 
Charles McCaller, Labourer, 

P 
Gilbert Sherer, Taylor, P 
James Parker, Printer, R 



1 66 FREEMEN, 1 749. 

1749. March 31". Johannes Huynch, Labourer^ 

R registered] 
April II***. David Van Boskirk,Cooper,P 

Peter Sawyer. Labourer, P 
Johannes Weytman, Labour- 
er, P[aid] 
William Acker, Labourer, P 
Petrus Brower, Labourer, P 
Andrus Van Boskirk, Labour- 
er, P 
Ennis Mcintosh, Labourer, P 
Gidion Happeir, Turner, P 
Isaac Wheeler, Carpenter, R 
Isaac Pool, Cordwainer, K 
George Welch, Cooper, R 
18*^. Robert Hendrickson, Scriv- 
ener, P 
Richard Poor, Labourer, P 
May 2^ John Farrell, Soap Boyler, P 
4*^. Amos Pain, Rigger, P 

John Montgomerie, Peruke- 
maker, P 
Joseph Hadley, Labourer, P 
David Piper, Taylor, P 
oseph Paul, Labourer, P 
urck Jurrick Scerp, Labour- 
er, P 
David McKenlis, Butcher, 

P 
John Dalley, Labourer, R 
Henry Smith, Shopkeeper, R 
Francis Dudley, House Car- 
penter, P 
18^. Simon Bogart, Marriner, P 
23^ James Isaiah, Rope Mer- 
chant, P 
Josiah Bagley, Marriner, P 
William Crilin, Marriner, P 
Barent Deduyster, P 



FREEMEN, 1749- 1 67 

1749. May 31" William Darlington, Peruke- 

maker, Praidl 
Pontius Stell, Merchant, P 
John Stimus, Labourer, P 
Thomas Williams, Labourer, 

P 
John Fay, Labourer, P 
Robert Hallet, Cordwainer, 

R[egistered] 
Daniel Brown, Shopkeeper, 

P 
Gilbert Hyat, Cordwainer, R 
George Horsen, Gunsmith, R 
Thomas Pullen, Joyner, R 
Folkert Duryee, Shopkeeper, 

P 
George Applebey, Black- 
smith, P 
Richard Thorne, Merchant, P 
June 13^. Richard Stillwell, Physitian, 

R 
July 18*^. Alexander Connolly, Physi- 
tian, P 
21". Jeremiah Hunt, Labourer, P 
August i". Joseph House, Labourer, P 

Richard Haddon,Marriner, P 
John King, R 
3**. Andrew Thomson, Mason, R 
29^. Samuel Hodge, Peruke- 
maker, P 
Phillip Van Duersen, Cord- 
wainer, R 
Henry Stanton, Marriner, R 
September 26^. Garret Van Home, Mer- 
chant, R 
William Carlile, Marriner, R 
Davis Hunt, Carpenter, R 
Thomas Gaulidet, Peruke- 
maker, R 



1 68 >REEMEN, i749-5o. 

. 1749. September 26***. Cornelius Belsen, Turner, R 

Thomas Seymour, Marriner, 

P[aid] 
Everaraus Brower, Felt- 
maker, P 
Abraham De Lanoy Jun'., 
Feltmaker, Rfegistered] 
ames Rose, Labourer, P 
acob Hansen, Blacksmith, R 
acob Brower, Baker, R 
David Hansen, Cooper, R 
James Bussing, Cooper, R 
October 24^. Daniel Speeder, Labourer, P 
November j^. Edward Nevill, P 

10^. Robert Harding, Joyner, R 
21"^. Benjamin Winter, Ship 
Joyner, P 
oost Demaree, P 
ohn Thomson, Stocking- 
weaver, P 

1749-50. January 4^. Joseph Crawford, Dancing- 
master, P 
9*^. Amos Dodge, House Car- 
penter, P 
II*. David Miller, Weaver, P 
February 6*. Thomas Braine, Merchant, R 

Isaac De La Meteire, R 
Tulip May, R 
27*^. Leonard Reade, Cooper, P 
Henry Gilliam, Joyner, R 
March 20*. Gabriel Carr, Sadler, P 

Patrick Robinson, Labourer, 

P 
William Proctor, Merchant, 
R 
2i'^. Patrick Carryl, Shopkeeper, 
P 
April 10*. Thomas Wiley, Cooper, P 

Samuel Benley, Yeoman, P 



23^- 



FREEMEN, I 75o. 1 69 

1750. April io*\ Roger Pell, Gentleman, P 

26*^. David Robinson, Tobaco- 
nist, P[aid] 
John Schultharp, Peruke- 
maker, P 
David Clarkson Jun\, Gentle- 
man, R[egistered] 
May i". Abraham Lott, Gentleman, P 
Alexander Lindsey, Peruke 

Maker, P 
James Duncan, Gentleman, 

R 
Jacob Valentine, Mason, R 
2^ Simon Smith, Taylor, P 
Thomas Collins, Carpenter, 

P 
John Eagan, Boatman, P 
Martin Wilson, Labourer, P 
John Cosine, Cooper, R 
29^, Peter Neefus, Labourer, P 
William Stagg, Labourer, P 
Nehemiah Okley, Labourer, 

P 
ohn Chadwick, Labourer, P 
ohn Berrian, Boatman, P 
eremiah Brewer, Merchant, 

P 
Richard Burge, Turner, P 
Abraham Lyon (a Jew), 

Baker, P 
John Hardenbrook, Cord- 
wainer^ R 
30^. John Sackett, Merchant, P 
August 7^. Edward Bullock, Gentleman, 

P 
16^. Josiah Patterson, Surgeon, P 
Paul Roome, Cordwainer, R 
Ede Van Every, Blacksmith, 
R 



170 FREEMEN, I 760. 

1750. August 29^. Henry Byvanck Jun^, R 

Abraham Bokee, Cooper, R 
William Beekman Jun^, Mar- 

riner, R[egistered] 
ohn Brown, Carpenter, P 
acob Duryee, Baker, P[aid] 
ohn Duryee, Baker. P 
Nicolas Elsworth, Hatter, R 
John Gelaspy, Labourer, P 
John Gilbert, Hatter, R 
William Hardenbrook, Tin- 
man, R 
Dennis Hageman, Baker, P 
Leonard Lispenard, Mer- 
chant, P 
George Misseroy, Cordwain- 

er, R 
Nicolas Parcells, Black- 
smith, R 
Richard Porter, Cordwainer, 

R 
William Palmer, Joyner, R 
Peter Rycker, Blacksmith, P 
James Sickles, Yeoman, R 
Ebenezer Taylor, Mason, R 
Cornelius Van Borsom, Bra- 

sier, R 
Albert Van Nostrand, Baker, 

P 
John Wessells, Chairmaker, 
R 
3i"^. Hendrick Snyder, Cordwain- 
er, P 
Elias Pelletreau, Goldsmitl \ 

R 
John Vreedenburgh Jun'., 

Cordwainer, R 
Isaac Van Aemam, Hatter, 
R 




FREEMEN, l75o-I. I/I 

lySo. August 31" John Kinderick, Cordwainer, 

R[egistered] 
John Sickles, Cordwainer, R 
September I2^^ Abraham Willet, Baker, P 

Johannes Schenck, Bolter, P 
Rene Bayeux, Confectioner, 
Pfaid] 
21**. William Dobs, Cooper, P* 
25^. Joseph Hinchman, Physitian, 
P 
David Schuyler, Painter, R 
November 6^. David Philipse, Wigmaker, 

R 
Eliphalet Ferris, Labourer, 
P 
7^. James Haywood, Sawyer, P 
Thomas Crampshire, Wigg- 
maker, R 
20^. George Edmundson, Marri- 
ner, P 
Thomas Wall, Chocolate 

Maker, P 
Robert Woodhouse, Cord- 
wainer, P 
December 6^. Bernard Harver, Gunsmith, R 
18^. Daniell Carter, Painter, R 
Isaac Carstang, Yeoman, P 
20***. Haman Levy, Merchant, P 
1 750-1. January 8^. Richard Sharpe, Merchant, P 

James Rochell, Merchant, P 
Adriaen Houswaet, Mer- 
chant, P 
Joseph Yeoman, Merchant, 

P 
John Smith, Baker, P 
John Wessells, Baker, P 
February 5^. Abraham Mesier, Sadler, R 

* See Appendix No. 75. 



172 FI?:EEMEN, 1 75o-I. , 

J 750-1. Februarys*. Henry Van Denham, Inn- 
holder, P[aid] 
Thomas Perry, Watchmaker, 

Jacob Van Voorhuys, Marri- 

n^r, P 
John Burg, Taylor, P 
Godfrey Miller, Labourer. P 
Duncan Alexander, Taylor, 
P 
7^. Abraham Ackerman, La- 
. ^ bourer, R[egistered] 

19*. Thomas Shephard, House 
Carpenter, P 
Gilbert Wessells, Sailmaker, 

R 
Godfrey Wall, Blacksmith, R 
March 22**. Augustus Van Cortlandt, 
/ (Sentleman, R * 

April 2**. William Flannigan, Mer- 
chant, P 
John Pine, Labourer, P 
Nicholas Ackerman, La- 
bourer, P 
Peter Pra Van Zandt, Inn- 
holder, R 
30*^. John Long, Merchant, P 
John Evans, Labourer, P 
Nicholas Bancker, Labourer, 

P 
Teunis Van Tassell, La- 
bourer, P 
. Andres Van Orde, Labourer, 

P 
Phillip Frissick, Marriner, P 
Christopher Gaines, Stock- 
ingweaver, P 

♦ See Appendix No. 77. 



FREEMEN, 1 75 1. 1 73 

175 1. April 30*^. Isaac Carstang, Ropemak- 

er, R[egistered] 
Robert Saunders, Marriner, 
R 
May 2^ Jonathan Dibble, Innholder, 

P[aid] 
Jonathan Baily, Labourer, P 
Frederick Oiisterman, Sugar 

Baker, P 
Thomas Kain, Scrivener, P 
Michael Sickles, Cooper, P 
Samuel Lane, Cordwainer, P 
Stephen Carpenter, Yeoman, 

P 
Charles Sickles, Cordwainer, 
P 
May 7^. William Van Blarcum, La- 
bourer, P 
Joseph DeLap, House Car- 
penter, P 
Michael Smith, Labourer, P 
Huybert Van Wagenen, 

Schoolmaster, P 
John Dowers, Rigger, P 
8^ John Bussing, Baker, P 

Thomas Franklin, Merchant, 
P 
June 4^. Gerardus William Beekman, 

Merchant, P 
Martin Knecht, Mason, P 
John McMullen, Cooper, P 
Henry Hardcastle, Carver, P 
Andries Rieber, Gardner, P 
Isaac Van Aernam, Labourer, 
R 
i8^ Robert Griffith Jun^, R 
I9y. Sakey Hainsworth, Merchant, 
P 
July 16^. George Peters, Joyner, R 



"174 FREEMEN, 1 75 1. 

1 751* July 16^. Robert Dickson, Joyner, R 

John MacGee, Cordwainer, 

R[egjstered] 
Peter Bookhoudt, Labourer, 

P[aid] 
John Van Orde, Labourer, 

P 
Isaac Tripp, Cooper, R 
Nicholas Stilwelf, Cordwain- 
er, R 
Moses Benjamin Franks, 

Taylor, P 
ohn Rushton, Sadler, R 
ohn Marshall, Cordwainer, 
P 
August 20^. Joseph Outen Bogert, Butch- 
er, P 
Nicholas Devoe, Labourer, P 
September 3**. Robert McKindliss, Butcher, 

P 
October 8^ Daniel Stiles, Merchant, P 

Andrew Barnes, Merchant, P 
Anthony Ackling, Cooper, 
R 
I4^^ Hugh Rafter, Cordwainer, P 
November 5^. James Stag, Labourer, P 

Ephraim Lockwood, Labour- 
er, P 
Benjamin Fenton, Labourer, 

P 
Cornelius Garretson, Labour- 
er, P 
Joseph Anderson, Labourer, 

R 
Joseph Anderson Jun^, Indi- 
an Jeweller, R 
Edward Anderson, Labourer, 
R 
December 3^ Peter Louri, Jeweller, P 



FREEMEN, 1752. 1 75* 

1752. January 14^. Garret Van Warts, Labourer, 

P[aid] 

Benjamin Hildreth, Distiller, 
R[egistered] 

Alexander Phoenix Jun^, Sail- 
maker, R 

John McNab, Labourer, P 

Charles Richardson, Butcher, 
P 
1 7^. Lambert Moore, Gentleman, 
Attorney at Law, R* 
February 4***. Stephen Baldwin,Cordwainer, 

R 

Frederick Lasher, Peruke- 
maker, R 

Jacob Lasher, Cordwainer, R 

Peter Anthony, Cordwainer, 
R 

Andrew Marschalk, Baker, R 

Isaac Brazier, Blacksmith, R 

James Freeman, Labourer, P 
5^. William Donaldson, Mer- 
chant, P 

John Hutcheson, Merchant, P 
March 3^ Thomas Shreve, Carpenter, P 

Benjamin Carmen, Labourer, 
P 

Peter Peterson, Labourer, P 
24^. David Lyons, House Carpen- 
ter, P 

Abraham Van Vielen, La- 
bourer, P 

Thomas Holland, Victualler, 
P 

Duncan Mclver, Labourer, 

P 
Hugh McCall, Labourer, P 

* Sec Appendix No. 78, 



176 FREEMEN, 1 752. 

1752. March 24^. John McKiddian, Labourer, P 

April 14***. Christian Demaree, Labourer, 

P[aidj 
David ISavaro, Snuflfmaker,R 
Joseph Young, Labourer, P 
May 5*. Josiah Crane, Tobacconist, 

R[egistered] 
Paulus Coven noven. Labour- 
er, P 
acob Hopper, Labourer, R 
acob Stymets, Labourer, P 
! saac Janse, Weaver, P 
Hugh Hughes, Currier, P* 
Hendrick Halshart, Labour- 
er, P 
8*. Henry Hendrick, Labourer, 

P 
ig^. Timothy Shaw, Labourer, P 
Jonn Van Dalson, Bricklay- 
er, R 
Abraham Bancker, Labour- 
er, P 
Henry Osburne, Labourer, 

P 
Samuel Woodsides, Marri- 

ner, R 
Jacob Van Wagenen, Weav- 
er, P 
Peter Crum, Labourer, P 
Duncan McDougall, Labour- 
er, P 
26^. Cornelius Halff, Labourer, P 
Tieunis Somernduyck, La- 
bourer, R 
David Hay, Physitian, P 
Samuel Coon, Merchant, P 
June 30^. Peter Connelly, Labourer, P 

* Sec Appendix No. 79. 



:• •* ••• .•• • • 




•• • • • • 



• • 



FREEMEN, I 752-3. 1 77 

1752. June 30^. Barnett McKenny, Labour- 

er, P[aid] 
David Hammond, Labourer, 
R[egistered] 
August 4^. David Young, Labourer, P 
25*. Roper Dawson, Merchant, P 
September 26^. Abraham Volk, Labourer, 

P 
John Nathan Hutchins, 
Schoolmaster, P 
October 14*. John Bingham, Cordwainer, 

P 
Arnold Hyatt, Labourer, P 
November 7^. Joseph Levy, R 

Bartholomew Coxeter, Tay- 
lor. P 
Josiah Bagley Jun'., Carpen- 
ter, P 
Nicholas Anthony, Cord- 
wainer, R 
John Parcell, Boalter, P 
Harmanus Gardiner, Labour- 
er, P 
December 5^. John Morris, Cordwainer, R 

William Bagley, Labourer, P 
Jacobus Ackerman, Labour- 
er, P 
Peter Waldron, Labourer, P 
William Wright, Tallow 
Chandler, P 
2I*^ Charles Sullivan, Labourer, P 
^753- January 9***. Jacob Van Wagenen, Baker, 

R 
February 6*^. Samuel Cowdrey, Felt maker, 

P 
March 20^. Garret Noel, Schoolmaster, P 

Rynier Quackingbos, La- 
bourer, R 
John Winter, Labourer, P 

13 



178 



FREEMEN, 1 753. 



1753- 



April lo***. Jonathan Durell, Potter, P 
May i"^. Thomas Robinson, Marriner, 

Pfaid] 
William Kennedy, Tallow 

Chandler, P 
John Bowen, Carpenter, P 
Paulus Hopper, Labourer, 
R[egistered] 
22^ Alexander Murphy, Labourer, 
P 
John Halstead, Innholder, P 
June 19*. Henry Taylor, Taylor, R 

Isaac Germand, Innholder, P 
Jacob Hoff Jun^, Labourer, P 
Martinus Wiltsee, Labourer, 
P 
July 13***. John Wilson, Merchant, P 
17***. Abraham Sazadas, Merchant, 
P 
Andrew Maverick, Painter, P 
ohn Brasell, Labourer, P 
ohn Glentworth, Taylor, P 
William Patten, Labourer, P 
Samuel Ryder, Labourer, P 
Garret Rapalje, Merchant, P 
Thomas Francklin, Felt- 
maker, P 
Peter King, Labourer, P 
Cornelius Van Blarcum, La- 
bourer, P 
Lucus Van Blarcum, Labour- 
er, P 
Thomas Arden, Cordwainer, 

R 
ohn Dunlap, Merchant, P 
ohn Fine, Labourer, P 
August 7*. Daniel Knap, Innholder, P 

James McCartney, Marriner, 
P 



23< 






••: ••• • • 
•t • • • • 

• • • • 



FREEMEN, 1 753-4. 1 79 

1753. August 7^. Samuel Sackett, Tallow 

Chandler, Pfaid] 
8*. Nicholas Van Dyck. Cutler, 
September ii^. Alexander Colden, Merchant, 
October 2^ Owen Gray, Marriner, P 

Peter Trainer, Blacksmith, P 

Vincent Bodine, Cooper, 

R[egistered] 

lo*. Sir Dan vers Osborn, Bart., 

Complimentary,* 

John Roberts, Gentleman, P 

November 6***. John Van Tassell, Labourer, 

P 
27^. William Keen, Innholder, P 
Alexander Lightfoot, Inn- 
holder, P 
John Crum, Leather Dresser, 

P 
Barnet Thompson, P 
1754. January 8^. James Carroll, Butcher, P 

William Richardson, Marri- 
ner, P 
Hillyard Judah, Shopkeeper, 

Daniel Shaw, Joiner, R 
Aaron Mors, Perukemaker, R 
Jeremiah Blanck, Cordwain- 

er, R 
Garret Benson, Labourer, R 
9^. John Mare, Labourer, P 
10^. George Giffen, Innholder, P 
29^. Jeremiah Beaudouin, Stay- 
maker, P 
February 5***. Robert Murray, Marriner, P 

Ruben Warren Thompson, 
Merchant, P 
April 9^. Stephen Leach, Taylor, P 

* See Appendix No. 80. 



l8o FREEMEN, 1 754. 

1754. April 9^. John Wyley, Distiller, P 

Isaac Bernard, Labourer, P 
Francis Weeks, Cordwainer, 

P[aid] 
John Myer. Weaver, R 
Nicholas Low, Shopkeeper, 

R[egistered] 
John Alliner, Shipwright, R 
Abraham Alliner, Ship- 
wright, R 
24^. John Amory, Merchant, P 
May j^. George Van Warte, Brick- 
layer, P 
Lambert Blanck, Cartman, R 
ohn Van Warte, Cartman, P 
fohn Cargill, Butcher, P 
8* Jacob Cornell, Weaver, P 
June 4^. Isaac Post, Labourer, P 

David Brown, Labourer, P 
Thomas Stilwell, Labourer, P 
William Taylor, Labourer, P 
John Davis, Joiner, R 
Alexander Montgomery, Inn- 
holder, P 
July 16***. Francis McNname, Labourer, 

P 
23^ George Duncan Jun^, Gen- 
tleman, P 
Benjamin Wynkoop, Sadler, 

R 
ohn McCarty. Labourer, P 
Nathaniel Sullivan, Labourer, 
P 
August 6?. William Rhinelander, Cord- 
wainer, P 
John Latham, Shipwright, R 
Lodewick Roos, Labourer, R 
James Tiger, Innholder, P 
Hugh Ryder, Blacksmith, R 



FREEMEN, 1 754-5. 181 

1754. August 6^. Jonas Wright, Shipwright, 

R[egistered] 
Richard Cornwell, Ship- 
wright. P[aid] 
James Wodden, Shipwright, 
P 
y^. Henry Derham, Merchant, P 
October 8^. Francis Yeoman, Carpenter, 

P 
Richard Thorp, Labourer, R 
November 5***. Dirick Duryee, Baker, P 

Andrew Forster, Peruke- 
maker, R 
26^. John Parsons, Joyner, R 
December 17***. Samuel Edmunds, Bricklay- 
er, R 
24^^ John Pierson, Merchant, P 
^755- January 7^. Roland De Pabia, Merchant, 

P 
James Murray, Druggist, P 
February 5^. Samuel Francis, Innholder, 

R 
25^. John Ellis, Glasier and Paynt- 
er, P 
April i"*. Dennis Sullivan, Labourer, 

P 
29^. John Lawrence, Boalter and 
Baker, P 
Josiah Martin, Tallow Chan- 
dler. P 
May 6*^ Daniel McEwen, Labourer, 

P 
Jacob Le Roy, Merchant, P 
7*^ Michael Hoffman, Cord wain 
er, P 
Nicholas Stagg, Butcher, P 
Christian Severbergh, 
Watchmaker, P 



l82 FREEMEN, I755. 

1755- May f\ Joseph Keene, Labourer, P 

27***. Richard Warner, Labourer, 
P[aid] 

John Crawford, -Labourer, 
P 

Thomas Burbanck, Labour- 
er, P 

Godfrey Miller, Britches 
Maker, P 
J uly 1 5*** Nathaniel Marston J un^, Gen- 
tleman, R[egistered] 

Isaac Furdon, Cordwainer, 
P 

Abraham Furdon, Cordwain- 
er, P 

James Harriway, Labourer, 
P 

John Mott, Labourer, P 

Thomas Williams, Butcher, 
P 

Alexander Sheadder, Stone 
Cutter, P 
18^. Dirick Brinckerhoff, Shop- 
keeper, R 
August 5^. William Allan, Marriner, P 

Joseph Varian, Butcher, R 
26*. Jarvis Roebuck, C o r c k 
Cutter, P 
September lo^. David Beekman, Merchant, 

R 

Andrew Cannon, Merchant, 
R 

Petrus Byvanck, Merchant, 
R 

Cornelius Kortright, Mer- 
chant, R 

John Byvanck, Merchant, R 

Adolph Brass Jun'., Mer- 
chant, R 



FREEMEN, 1755-6. 183 



G 

a. 

B 
o 

U 



1755- September lo^. His Excellency Sir^ * 

Charles Hardy, 
Knt., Capt. Gen- 
eral and Govern- 
our in Chief of 
the Province of 
New York, &c. j 
30***. Andrew Hamersly, Brazier, 
R[egistered] 
Asher Myers, Brazier, 
October 14*. William Weyman, Printer, 

P[aid] 
John Dally Jun^, Shipwright, 

21"*. Abraham Van Dyck, Felt- 
maker, R 
Robert Boyle, Pewterer, R 
Gilbert Smith, Perukemaker, 

R 
Vincent Tilyou, Turner, R 
Samuel Brown, Bookbinder, 

R 
William Husty, Blacksmith, 
R 
November 4^. James Stewart, Baker, P 

5* Abraham Van Warte, La- 
bourer, P 
Jacobus DeVoe, Labourer, P 
Baltus Van Kleeck, Labourer, 

P 
William Nutter, Carpenter, P 
December 23''. Hudson Goff, Bricklayer, R 

Edward Loweare, Cooper, R 
Abraham Van Aart, Brick- 
layer, R 
1756. January 27^. John Foy, Leather Dresser, P 

Edward McElroy, Taylor, P 

* Sec Appendix No. 8i. 



184 FREEMEN, 1 756. 

1756. February 4***. Anthony Byvanck, Labourer, 

William Cairns, Joiner, 
David Jaycocks, Labourer, 
P[aid] 
March 9*. James Davis, Labourer, P 

acob Banta, Labourer, P 
!^uke Clarke, Labourer, P 
Thomas Parsell, Surgeon, P 
30***. Cornelius Van Oorden, La- 
bourer, R[egistered] 
William Simmons, Labourer, 

R 
Alexander Young, Labourer, 

P 
Nicholas Devoe. Labourer, P 
May 4^. Benjamin Douglass, Taylor, 

R 
William Moon, Marriner, P 
John White, Cordwainer, Jl 
William Cobhams, Shop- 
keeper, P 
Peter Van Der Voort, La- 
bourer, P 
Arthur McNeal, Marriner, P- 
Henry Hulse, Labourer, P 
Henry Alberto Bogart, La- 
bourer, P 
i8^\ Thomas Hays, Merchant, P 
Samuel Rogers, Merchant, P 
acob Reade, Taylor, P 
onas Spack, Innholder, P 
Angus McDugall, Innholder, 

P 
Garret Van Bommell, Weav- 
er, P 
ames MacGra, Labourer, P 
ames Light, P 
Abraham Skinner, Gold- 
smith, R 




FREEMEN, I 756. 1 85 

1756. June 8*. Andries Van Orden, Labour- 

er, P[aid] 
Wilhelmus Dutcher, Labour- 
er, P 
David Demarree, Labourer, 

P 
Martinus Post, Labourer, P 
Bernardus Swartwout, La- 
bourer, P 
Jacob Garretse, Labourer, 
R[egistered] 
29***. James Singer, Perukemaker, 
P 
Benjamin Allen, Taylor, P 
John Sullivan, Taylor, P 
oseph Burck, Taylor, P 
saac Concklin, Taylor, P 
David Davis, Taylor, P 
Jacob Westervelt, Taylor, P 
Abraham Losie, Taylor, P 
July 13^. Richard Cursen, Gentleman, 

P 
oseph Wall, Labourer, P 
ames Armstrong, Labourer, 

John De Groot, Labourer, P- 
James Bancks, Labourer, P 
August 4*^. Peter Martin, Goldsmith, P 

Isaac Somerenduyck, La- 
bourer, R 
Thomas Nowlan, Labourer, 

P 
Gilbert Outen Bogart, La- 
bourer, R 
William Brow.n, Joiner, P 
17***. John Brower, Labourer, P 
3i*\ Thomas Cheeseman, Ship- 
wright, R 
John Wright, Shipwright, R 



l86 FREEMEN, 1756-7. 

1756. August 31*^. Job Weeks, Shipwright, P 

Dennis Woertman, Ship- 
wright, R[egistered] 
William Peet, Shipwright, P 
Peter Caverly, Shipwright, P 
Nathan Horton, Shipwright, 

P[aid] 
Silvanus Dillingham, Ship- 
wright, P 
Henry Brevoort, Blacksmith, 
R. 



Freemen made and Registered in the Mayorality of 

John Cruger Esq^ 

November 16*''. Thomas Swartwout, Labour- 
er, paid Mr. Mayor his fee 
in this, P 
Jacobus VerVela, Labourer, 
paid Mr. Mayor his fee in 
this, P 
23^. Peter Cornell, Bricklayer, P 
Nicholas Brewer, Labourer, P 
Andrew Losie, Labourer, R 
1757. January 4***. Emanuel Abrahams, Dis- 

tiller and Tobacconist, P 
George Anderson, Labourer, 
R 
II***. Jacobus Stryker, Labourer, P 
Cornelius Wynkoop, Sadler, 
R 
February i*. John Palmer, Carpenter, P 

John Vanpelt, Bricklayer, P 
ohn Torrey, Shipwright, P 
ohn Tompkins, House Car- 
penter, P 
Moses Clements, Cabinet- 
maker, P 



2^ 



FREEMEN, 1757- 187 

1757. February 22^ Isaac Carow, Bricklayer, P 

Samuel Miller, Shipwright, P 
David Keech, Shipwright, P 
March 22**/ James Utt, Butcher, R 

ohannes Van Home, La- 

bourer, P[aid] 
Isaac Myer, Innholder, R 
Samuel DeLamater, Cord- 
wainer, R[egistered] 
May 4* Barent Provoost, Gentleman, 

R 
ohn Lambert, Marriner, P 
ohn Alley, Labourer, R 
saac DeLamater, Labourer, 

R 
Thomas MuUiner, Cordwain- 

er, R 
William McKinliey, Labour- 
er, P 
Robert Johnson, Peruke- 
maker, P 
John McQuin, Staymaker, P 
Patrick Derry, Taylor, P 
Walter Brock, Labourer, P 
Christopher Sennatt, Marri- 
ner, P 
John Walter, Labourer, P 
Patrick McCulligan, Cord- 

wainer, P 
John Oblinus, Labourer, R 
Elias Fritz, Labourer, P 
James Neavin, Cooper, P 
Stephen Farr, Marriner, P 
31*^ Peter Stymets, Labourer, 
P 
Peter Jadwin, Labourer, P 
Michael Pine, Labourer, P 
William Warner, Labourer, 
P 



1 88 FREEMEN, 1757. 

1757. May 31"*. Solomon Sherrard, Labour- 

er. Pfaid] 
Daniel Bernard, Cordwainer, 

P 
Stephen Fitzpatrick, Taylor, 

P 
George Hilliker, Labourer, 

P 
Lewis Hamilton, Perukemak- 

er, P 
John Cree, Cordwainer, P 
Staats Bush, Labourer, R 
June 21* Lewis Steward, Marriner, P 

John Denny, Cordwainer, P 
Robert Atkins, Labourer, P 
Henry Veltman, Labourer, P 
Morris Earle, Hatter, R 
Thomas Montanja, Black- 
smith, R[egistered] 
Marmaduke Earle, Labour- 
er, P 
John Lewis, Marriner, P 
Luke Lozier, Labourer, P 
John Ten Brook, Labourer, 

P 
Richard Rodgers, Labourer, P 
July 22^ Aaron Gilbert, Saltmeasurer, 

R* 
August 2^ Daniel Wandel, Labourer, 

R 
Barent Martling, Labourer, P 
Daniel Devoe, Labourer, P 
Francis Van Dyck, Razor 

grinder, R 
Abraham Van Buskirk, La- 
bourer, R 
23**. James McMullen, Labourer, P 

* See Appendix No. 82. 



/ 



FREEMEN, 1757- 1 89 

1757. August 23^ Patrick Gibson, Labourer, P 
September 13^. Thomas Walter, Surgeon, P 

William Tuckey, Taylor, P 
George Hopson, Butcher, P 
Aldrick Brower, Labourer, P 
Henry Stanton, Labourer, 

R [egistered] 
Isaac Bush, Labourer, P 
Peter Ennis, Labourer, P 
Isaac Shute, Labourer, R 
James Dutchie, Wigmaker, 

P[aid] 
James McKenzie, Shipwright, 

October 4^. John McCallester, Labourer, 

P 
John Porterfield, Labourer, 

P 
Peter Hanion,* Labourer, P 
Charles Lugg, Rigger, P 
Benjamin Lorine, Cordwain- 

er, R 
Thomas Harwood, Labour- 
er, R 
Johannis Burger, Mariner, R 
Richard Outen Bogart, 
Bricklayer, R 
November i'^. Samuel Forster, Dyer, P 

Samuel McGee, Joiner, R 
7^. Francis Cooley, Marriner, P 
Samuel Ellis, Joiner, P 
December 6^. Archibald McElroy, Peruke- 
maker P [not paid] 
Jacob Brower, Labourer, P 
David Brower, Labourer, P 
Archibald Campbell, Labour- 
er, P 
Albert Allie, Labourer, P 
John Davis, Labourer, P 



I go FREEMEN, 1757-8. 

1757. December 6^. Woolfert Webbers, Labour- 
er, R registered] 
James Wool, Labourer, R 
John Mcintosh, Labourer, R 
^758 January 3^ Robert Alexander, Merchant, 

P[aid] 
John Dalglish, Merchant, P 
Magnis Garret, Labourer, P 
Robert Ryder, Labourer, P 
George Clapham, Labourer, 

P 
Nathaniel Coles, Labourer, P 
31"*. William Shelly, Labourer, P 
February 7^. Peter Garrabrants, House 

Carpenter, P 
Egbert Vander Hoof, Gun- 
smith, R 
April 25^. Jacobus Westervelt, Labour- 
er, P 
May 2**. John Runshaw, Cordwainer, 

P 
23**. Elias Bailey, Labourer, P 
Abraham Swartwout, La- 
bourer, P 
William Parsill, Labourer, P 
Albertus Spier, Labourer, P 
Michael Ryer, Labourer, P 
Johannis Van Cleck, Labour- 
er, P 
Laughlin Mcintosh, Labour- 
er, P 
John Van Schryven, Labour- 
er, P 
Hendricus Ackerman, La- 
bourer, P 
Fredericus Ver Vele, Labour- 
er, P 
Charles Brewer, Labourer, P 
John McDaniel, Labourer, P 



FREEMEN, I 758. IQI 

1758. May 23^ Elijah Ferguson, Labourer, 

Praid] 
Walter Steward, Labourer, P 
Ezra Hubble, Marriner, P 
Jesse Hunt, Taylor, P 
Benjamin Ogden, House Car- 
penter, P 
James Loghead, Taylor, P 
Peter Graham, Labourer, P 
John Devan, Leather Dress- 
er, P 
Joseph Horton, Labourer, P 
Cornelius Myer, Labourer, P 
June 20^. John Coolbach, Labourer, P 

James Gallispie, Labourer, P 
Gabriel Winter, Carpenter, P 
David Harris, Labourer, P 
Abraham Storm, Labourer, P 
Benjamin Comfort, Labour- 
er, P 
Gepham Sherrard, Labourer, 

P 
John Keating, Merchant, P 
July 18^. Francis Hoogelandt, Cooper, 

P 
Isaac Van Gerder, Labourer, 
R[egisteredJ 
August i"\ Philip Doughty, Taylor, P 
15***. Isaac Adophus, Merchant, P 
Richard Flannegan, Labour- 
er, P 
James Hillyard, Labourer, P 
Isaac Blauvelt, Labourer, P 
September 12***. Simon Van Wynche, Labour- 
er, P 
William Scott, Labourer, P 
Thomas Bedford, Labourer, 

P 
Jeremiah Field, Labourer, P 



192 FREEMEN, 1 758-9. 

1758. September 12*^. Henry Burchell, Labourer, P 

Albert Amerman, Baker, P 
John Crisp, Ship Carpenter. 

October 10 . Samuel Cumpton, Tinman, P 

Joseph Rigby, Cordwainer, 
R[egisteredJ 
November 7^. Christopher Kilby Jun*"., 

Shopkeeper, P 
Andrew Walker, Labourer, P 
ID*. Johan Hendrick Brown, 
Baker, P 

1759. January 30*^. James Post, House Carpen- 

ter, P 
Joseph Le^is,' Labourer, P 
Benjamin Benson, Labourer, 

P 
Jacob Demaree, Bricklayer, P 
James Dickson, Shipwright, P 
Gerrardus H ardenbrook. 

Bricklayer. R 
Jacob Lozier, Bricklayer, R 
Oliver Lozier, Bricklayer, R 
March 27***. Abraham Cock, Cooper, P 
May 8^. Thomas Wright, Merchant, P 
William Alger, Merchant, P 
Patrick McUaniel, Taylor, P 
Sam u ell Crosby, Labourer, P 
Abraham Marling Jun*"., La- 
bourer, P 
John Storm, Labourer, P 
24^. John Lewis, Marriner. P 
June 5^. Alexander Brevoort, La- 
bourer, P 
Shadrich Chatterton, Labour- 
er, P ^ 
ames Cargill, Butcher, P 
ohn Outenbogart, Butcher, 
R 



FREEMEN, I 759- 



193 



24 



th 



1759. July 3^ Manuel Myers, Shopkeeper, 

P[aid] 
Samuel DeLucena, Shop- 
keeper, R[egistered] 
Abraham Van Gelder, Gun- 
smith, R • * 
ohn Johnson, Sadler, R 
acob Clawson, Butcher, P 
Gotthart Ziegler, Butcher, P 
Peter Shweikert, Chocolate- 
maker, P 
Gottfried Woolhauper, Turn- 
er, P 
Mawritz Goubel, Baker, P 
John Will, Pewterer, P 
George Hubner, Labourer, P 
John Baltus Dash, Tinman, 

P 
Carl Sweverdiz, Taylor, P 
Ludwig Gressman, Taylor, P 
Johan Heinrich Gunther, La- 
bourer, P 
Frederick Weiss, Cutler, P 
August 8^. Richard Palmer, Labourer, P 

Thomas Palmer, Labourer, P 
James Bogert, Baker, R 
September 2(f^. Silvester Morris, Silversmith, 

R 
October 4***. Jacob Remsen, Boalter, P 

William Cowley, Cooper, P 
Edward Price, Labourer, P 
Thomas McDaniel, Cooper, 

R 
ohn Peterson, Baker, R 
! Richard Ten Eyck, Baker, R 
John Brown, Baker, R 
/ Isaac Slover, Cordwainer, R 

November 9^. William Cobb, Marriner, P 

M ichael Cornelison, Labou rer, 

13 



MH 



P^P'P'.P^^vr^, J, ;7^^>>-^, 



I / ^ti I h / rffii^'f 4*^, John S^xon. I-abourer, Pfaid] 

John F5^:M, Shipwright. P 
I >;i n i ^: 1 C h rist ian Forraxtier. 
i^/oMsmith. P 
I /(mi liihiiiiry f';'^ kirharcl Lewis, Merchants P 
I'rlifiiiiry S'\ Martin Pcndcrgast, Black- 

Hmith, P 
John ICmmc:tt, Cordwainer, R 
H"'. Jacob Wandlc, Shipwright, P 
M»inh .^"'. Nathan Msh, Shopkeeper, P 

William Nicoll, Taylor, P 
ohn Anderson, Joiner, P 
acoh Mycr Allen, Gunsmith, 

r 

Mward Hunt. Joiner, P 
William Goforth, Labourer, 

r 

William Post. Paynter, R 
Lunos Roado. Cordwainen R 
Nlichaol Hutlen Labourer, P 
'^ ArttvHU Cannon. Carpenter. 
K ^vistonxll 
Stc^^hctt l.anchouse. Carpen- 

!v^>'.': \lichacl WilL Cord- 
V V v^ Vr^srdck. Baker. P 

V ,". : ".: "^ K r ckicoksr. La- 



VLu 



..'"» 



V 



!ca. Labour- 



^occuptr 3L 



- ** iT 







FREEMEN, I760. 1 95 

1760. September i6***. Willett Taylor, Marriner, P 

Theophilus Anthony, Black- 
smith, R[egistered] 
Patrick Hynes, Marriner, P 
Joseph Chadwine, Cooper, R 
James Paulding, Cordwainer, 

R 
Walter Hyer, Cordwainer, R 
William Haywood, Block- 
maker, R 
Benjamin Aerson, Butcher, 

P[aid] 
Rynier Quackenbush, Cord- 
wainer, R 
Isaac Bennett, Cooper, R 
Charles Jeffrey, Marriner, P 
Robert Warne, Blockmaker, 

R 
Peter Wright, Blacksmith, R 
Lancaster Burling, Ship- 
wright, R 
Henry Ryker, Joiner, P 
October 14^. David Holmes, Shipwright, P 

John Smith, Copper Refiner, 

P 
Stephen Richards, Merchant, 
R 
November 4^^ James Kerkwood, Shipwright, 

P 
John Banker, House Carpen- 
ter, R 
Abraham Willson, Peruke- 
maker, R 
Gen. Jeffrey Amherst, Com- 
plimentary,* 
December 9^. John Gallaudet, Peruke- 
maker, R 

* Sec Appendix No. 83. 



196 



FREEMEN, 1 76 1. 



1761. 



January 13^. Samuel DeGroot, Labourer, 

Pfaid] 
22**. Michael Murphy, Marriner, 
P 
February 3^ Isaac LaMessne, Labourer, P 

George Hutton, Labourer, 

R[egistered] 
William Serjeant, Labourer, 

P 
Thomas Burns, Cooper, R 
Paul Blanck, Cordwainer, R 
Elias Bunnell, Blacksmith, P 
Jacob Harser, Labourer, R 
Edward Annley, Gunsmith, 

R 
William Scandrett, Brass 
Founder, P 
ohn Van Sice, Shipwright, R 
acob Wyncoop, Shopkeeper, 

R 
Abraham Fincher, Carpenter, 

R 
Francis Dominick, Carpenter, 

R 
John Davis, Taylor, R 
John Wallace, Taylor, R 
George Dominick, Brick- 
layer, R 
JDavid Scott, Hatter, R 
Thomas Howell, Cooper, R 
Francis Panton, Peruke- 
maker, P 
Alexander McDougall, Black- 
smith, R 
Duncan McDougall, Cord- 
wainer, R 
John Lowrier, Ropemaker, R 
Robert Nisbitt, Ropemaker, 
R 




FREEMEN, I 76 1. 1 97 

1 76 1. March 3"*. Thomas Pool, Marriner, P 

Nicholas Slidell, Blacksmith, 

Rfegistered] 
Frederick DeVoe, Cordwain- 

er, R 
Evert Kip, Currier, R 
Robert Lyng, Labourer, R 
Crosfield Ruston, Currier, P 
William Taylor, Blockmaker, 

R 
Robert Provoost Jun^, Marri- 
ner, R 
John Graham, Labourer, P 
Peter Taylor, Carpenter, R 
John Burt Lyng, Silversmith, 

R 
Nicholas DeRiemer, Hatter, 

R 
Isaac Stoutenburgh Jun^, 

Gunsmith, R 
Manus Burger, Cordwainer, 

R 
James Wells, Cordwainer, R 
George Harner, Pewterer, R 
Henry Tiebout, Bricklayer, 

R 
Duncan McDougall, Labour- 
er P[aid] 
John DeGroot, Joiner, R 
Vincent Carter, Labourer, R 
Charles Wiggins, Joiner, R 
Caleb Ogden, Hatter, P 
John Morris, Perukemaker, R 
Thomas Young, Cooper, R 
John Forbes, Carpenter, R 
Thomas Jackson, Cooper, P 
Verdine Elsworth, Baker, R 
George Brewington Jun^, 
Gentleman, R 



k 



198 FREEMEN, I76K 

1 76 1. March 3^ William Forbes, Cordwainer, 

R[egistered] 
Francis Thodey, Merchant, R 
Henry Hustick, Blacksmith, 

R 
William Tillson, Chairmaker, 

R 
oseph Cox, Upholsterer, P 
iienry Roomer, Shopkeeper, 

R 
John Heath, Silversmith, R 
William Mcllvaine, Baker, R 
Abraham Williams, Carpen- 
ter, R 
Peter Mashet, Brazier, R 
Thomas Ogilvie, Carpenter, 

John Marlin, Blacksmith, P 
, Martin Shire, Cordwainer, R 

Duncan Campbell, Taylor, P 
William Bennet, Blacksmith, 

John Campbell, Potter, R 
John Slidell, Tallow Chand- 
ler, R 
Samuel Lester, Taylor, R 
Cornelius Cooper, Hatter, R 
John Smith, Cooper, P[aid] 
John Simmons, Marriner, P 
Robert Burn, Cooper, R 
John Thompson, Scriviner, P 
Joseph Paulding Jun^, Baker, 

R 
John Wyley, Taylor, R 
Francis Arden, Bricklayer, R 
Cornelius Bennet, Cordwain- 
er, R 
Cornelius Van Den Bergh, 
Yeoman, R 



I 



FREEMEN, 1 76 1. ' 1 99 

1 761. March 3**. John Dudley, Baker, R 

Jeronimus Alstyne, Black- 
smith, R[egistered] 
William Dudley, Carpenter, 

R 
John Tomlinson, Taylor, P 
May 5^\ John Beckitt, Cordwainer, P 
Thomas Hildreth, Sailmaker, 

R 
Peter Romer, Blacksmith, R 
John Mone Brute, Peruke- 
maker, R 
Robert Boyd Jun^, Black- 
smith, P[aid] 
Cornelius Hyer, Hatter, R 
Woolfert Cooper, Labourer, 

P 
Jacob Van Warte, Labourer, 
P 
22**. John Tharger, Cordwainer, R 
July 7^. Benjamin Stymets, Carpen- 
ter, R 
Waldrom DeBlau, Weaver, 

R 
John Williams, Marriner, P 
August 7*^ Benjamin Lindner, Praticioner 

in Physick, P 
John Oveler, Hatter, P 
William Carr, Taylor, P 
Paul Miller, Marriner, P 
John Imlay, Merchant, P 
Henry Grigg, House Carpen- 
ter, R 
Joseph Woodruff, Paynter and 
Glazier, R 
8^. Timothy Scandrett, House 
Carpenter, P 
September 22**. William Smith, Blockmaker, 

R 



200 FREEMEN, I761-3. 

1 761. September 22^ William Marriner, Cordwain- 

er, R[egistered] 
John Needham, Taylor, R 
Andrew Hopper, Blacksmith, 

R 
Walter DeGrove, Cooper, R 
October I4'\ Jacob, Labach, Cordwainer, R 
3i*\ General Robert Monckton, 
Governor of New York, 
Complimentary,* 
November 10***. Richard Allan, Brassfounder,, 

P[aid] 
Leonard DeKlyne, Joiner, R 

1 762. January 5*^. Thomas Marston, Merchant, 

R 
Stephen Gibbon, Merchant, 

R 
Joseph Cockran, Carpenter, 
R 
February 2^ Johannis Kove, Cordwainer, 

P 
3?. Mathew Hoyer, Baker, P 
Garrit Roorback, Baker, R 
May 5^. David Flemming, Soap Boy- 

len P 

William Lawson, Cordwain- 
er, P 
October I4'^ Jacob Sharpe, Baker, P 

Cornelius Clopper Jun^, 
Baker, R 

Wessell Van Orden, Black- 
smith, R 
December 21"^ Cornelius Van Sise, House 

Carpenter, R 

1763. February i^\ Moses Sherwood, House 

Carpenter, P 
September 26^. Whitehead Hicks Esq^, R 

* See Appendix No. 84. 



FREEMEN, 1 764-5. 201 

1764. August 21"*. James Cebra, Merchant, R 
October 30^^ John Utt, Butcher, P[aid] 

1765. April 30^. Lawrence Wessells Jun ., 

Baker, Rfegistered] 
Jeremiah Wool, Lastmaker, R 
June 25*^. T i e u n i s Somerenduyck, 

Farmer, R 
August 20*^. John Milde Burger, Cord- 

wainer, R 
October i**. Rynier Skaats, Sallmaker, R 

Isaac Ball, Carpenter, R 
Jacobus Quick, Tanner, R 
Andrew TenEyck, Joiner, R 
Benjamin Quackenbush Jun*"., 

Carpenter, 
Pete Tillou Jun^, Turner, R 
Ahasuerus Turk Jun*"., In- 
strument Maker, R 
Philip Paine, Bookbinder, R 
Jonathan Piercey, Carpenter, 

R 
Tobias Van Zandt, Block- 
maker, R 
Abraham Wheeler, Labourer, 

R 
Richard 'Warner, Sailmaker 

R 
Andrew Bell, Blacksmith, R 
Walter Hyer Jun^, Taylor, R 
James Abeel, Merchant, R 
Francis Webster, Cordwain- 
er, R 
f Dennis McGuire, Baker, R 

i Isaac Carow, Cabinetmaker, 

R 
Thomas King, Cooper, R 

^ Jacob Smith, Turner, R 

Christopher Stymets Jun'., 

; Carpenter, R 



202 FREEMEN, 1 765. 

1765. October i"^. John W. Vredenburgh, Hat- 
ter, R[egistered] 
Gerrard DePeyster, Mer- 
chant, R 
Peter V. Benthuysen, Hatter, 

R 
James Selover, Carpenter, R 
Henry Van Ness, Painter and 

Glazier, R 
William Bickers, Hatter, R 
Victor Bickers, Hatter, R 
John Utterbergh, Peruke- 
maker, R 
Elias Anderson, Blacksmith, 

R 
William Wool, Heelmaker, R 
William Depeyster Jun*"., 

Merchant, R 
John Walter, Joiner, R 
acob Brower, Carpenter, R 
!3avid Provoost, Gunsmith, R 
William DeWitt, Cordwain- 

er, R 
David Barclay, Perukemaker, 

R 
ohn Post, Cooper, R 
?eter Outerberg, Cordwain- 

er, R 
Henry Miller, Cordwainer, R 
James Lawrence, Chear- 

maker, R 
ohn Johnson, Taylor, R 
?hilip Home, Carpenter, R 
John Hopper, Farmer, R 
William Richardson, Cord- 
wainer, R 
Henry Beekman, Peruke- 
maker, R 
John Piper, Cordwainfjr, R 



FREEMEN, 1 765. 203 

1765. October i*\ Mathew Hopper, Blacksmith, 

R[egistered] 
Andrew Blanck, Cartman, R 
Jellis Hopper, Cordwainer, 

R 
Garrit Abeel, Merchant, R 
James Dunscomb, Cooper, R 
John Lewis, Perukemaker, R 
Wessel Hopper, Farmer, R 
Richard Somerendyck, Farm- 
er, R 
David Post, Blacksmith, R 
Herculus Mulligan, Taylor, R 
Samuel Dyckman, Carpenter, 

R 
Jacob Brower, Baker, R 
Nicholas Becker, Cordwainer, 

R 
Evert Byvanck Jun^, Mer- 
chant, R 
John Howes, Wheelwright, R 
James Campbell, Cordwainer, 

R 
Nicholas Parcell, Blacksmith, 

R 
Lawrence Kemble, Tinman, 

R 
Nicholas Romine, Carpenter, 

R 
Christopher Benson, Marri- 

ner, P[aid] 
James Mott, Breechesmaker, 

R 
Benjamin Quereau, Carpen- 
ter, R 
Harmanus Schuyler, Painter, 

R 
William Young, Peruke- 
maker, R 



204 FREEMEN, 1 765. 

1765. October i*^. Isaac Chardavoine Jun^, Car- 
penter, R[egistered] 

Peter Crolius, Cordwainer, R 

Henry Labagh, Cooper, R 

Timothy Bussing, Cordwain- 
er, R 

Vander Clife Norwood, 
Blockmaker, R 

William Elsworth, Gunsmith, 
R 

Tobias Stoutenburgh, Baker, 
R 

William Teller, Sadler, R 

William Williams, Shop- 
keeper, R 

John King, Cordwainer, R 

Peter Burger, Perukemaker, 
R 

Daniel Burger, Blockmaker, 
R 

Richard Norwood, Brazier, R 

John Kip, Cordwainer, R 

Mangle Minthorne, Cooper, 
R 

Jacobus Van Sise, Merchant, 
R 

James Hallet Jun^, Wheel- 
wright, R 

Charles Wheeler. Joiner, R 

Nicholas N. Anthony, Tan- 
ner, R 

Moses Taylor Jun^, Taylor, 
R 

Mathew Redet, Cordwainer, 
R 

Thomas Whitefield, Ship- 
wright, R 

Richard Leacraft, Brass- 
founder, R 



FREEMEN, 1 765. 205 

1765. October I *^ Simon Cregier, Cordwainer, 

R[egistered] 
Christopher Kennedy, Tay- 
lor, R 
Cornelius Cregier, Cordwain- 
er, 
Walter Hyer, Cooper, R 
John Jadwin, Cooper, R 
John Barry, Baker, R 
John DeForeest, Sailmaker, 

R 
John Silvester, Cooper, R 
Michael Thodey, Merchant, 

R 
Abraham Lynsen, Merchant, 

R 
William Baldwin, Staymaker, 

R 
acobus Bogert, Baker, R 
asper Stymets, Cordwainer, 

R 
Isaac Peck, Felt maker, R 
Isaac Bussing, Cooper, R 
Elias Chardavoine, Carpen- 
ter, R 
Leonard Warner, Turner, R 
ohn Keene, Perukemaker, R 
saac Vredenburgh, Cord- 
wainer, R 
Joshua Slidell, Silversmith, R 
John Cree Jun^, Cordwainer, 

R 
John Oothout, Shopkeeper, 

R 
John Somerindyck, Book- 
binder, R 
William Miller, Cordwainer, 

R 
Lewis Thibou, Sadler, R 



206 FREEMEN, 1 765. 

1765. October i**. William Grigg, Silversmith, 

R[egistered] 
John DeLamontagne, Paint- 
er, R 
David Grim, Cordwainer, R 
Mathias Vredenburgh, Hat- 
ter, R 
Nicholas Depeyster, Mer- 
chant, R 
John Mare Jun^, Limner, R 
Michael LeGear, Cordwainer, 

R 
Luke C. Quick, Baker, R 
Evert Wessells, Cordwainer, 

R 
Frederick Ecker, Carpenter, 

R 
Garrit Van Gelder, Chair- 
maker, R 
James Wessells, Perukemak- 

er, R 
Isaac Marschalk, Baker, R 
Jacobus Myer, Baker, R 
Harmanus Bussing, Shop 

Joiner, R 
Benjamin Hoogelandt, Car- 
penter, R 
Andrew Marschalk, Baker, R 
Isaac Corsa, Shopkeeper, R 
Nicholas Quackenbush, Bak- 
er, R 
acob Shafer, Scrivener, R 
saac Laback, Cooper, R 
Abraham Laback, Cooper, 

R 
Thomas Dodge, Shipwright, 

P[aid] 
Barent Speere, Cordwainer, 
P 



FREEMEN, 1 765. 207 

1765. October i"^. Marinus Willet, Cabinet- 
maker, Rreefisteredl 
Henry Brinckerhooff. Cord- 

wainer, R 
Walter Quackenbush, Baker, 

R 
Thomas Wiggins, Carpenter, 

R 
Garret Waldron, Bricklayer, 

P[aid] 
Samuel Deal, Hosier, P 
William Warner, Turner, P 
James VanDyck, Cutler, P 
Peter Hosier, Carpenter, R 
Adam Gilchrist, Taylor, P 
John Gasner, Glazier, R 
Mathew Tiers, Blacksmith, P 
John Elliot, Taylor, P 
Richard Edwards, Cooper, P 
Robert Tout, Cordwainer, R 
John Sticklin, Cordwainer, R 
Michael Slidell, Soap Boy- 

ler, R 
Abraham Martling, Cord- 
wainer, P 
Paulus Banta, Carpenter, P 
Abraham Flarentine, Cord- 
wainer, R 
Edward Meeks, Blacksmith, 
R 
October i^^\ John Harris Cruger, Mer- 
chant, R 
Nicholas Cruger, Merchant, 

R 
Cornelius Roosevelt, Gentle- 
man, R 
Anthony Rutgers Jun'., Mer- 
chant, R 
Peter Low, Merchant, P 



208 FREEMEN, 1 765. 

1765 October 14^. Samuel Hallet, House Car- 
penter, R[egistered] 

Henry Will, Pewterer, P 

Henry Whiteman, Button 
Maker, P[aid] 

Johannis Zuricker, Stonecut- 
ter, P 

John Games [Earnest], Mer- 
chant, R 
23*^. Jacobus Van Antwerp, Tay- 
lor, P 

William Lupton, Retailor, P 

Abraham Van Ranst, Mer- 
chant, R 

John Bates, Breeches Maker, 
P f 

Robert Andrews, White- 
smith,. P 

Adam DeGrushe, Ship- 
wright, R 

Elias DeGrushe Jun^, Rope- 
maker, R 

Peter Van Der Voort, Shop- 
keeper, P 

John Murray, Shopkeeper, 
P 

Joseph Drake, Shopkeeper, 

Abraham Brinckerhool,Shop- 

keeper, R 
Peter DeMilt, Taylor, R 
Dirick Brinckerhoof Jun*"., 

Shopkeeper, R 
David Banta, Mason, P 
Henry Sickels, Joiner, R 
Aert Houseman, Baker, P 
Peter Earle, Shipwright, P 

* See Appendix No. 86. 



FREEMEN, 1 765. 209 

1765. October 23**. Benjamin Underbill, Sbop- 

keeper, P[aid] 

Henry Franklin, Sbopkeeper, 
P 

Nicbolas Killman, Innbolder, 
P 

George Bell, Labourer, P 

Jacob Ruslaer, Tallow Chan- 
dler, P 

Alexander Finck Jun^, Butch- 
er, P 

John Stagg, Baker, P 
29^^ John Montanje, Baker, R 

Walter Cosine, Shopkeeper, 
R[egistered] 

Jacob Shourt, Carpenter, R 

james Bennet, Coppersmith, 
P 

John Ouackenboss Jun'., 
BakerT R 

John Miller, Surgeon, P 

Jacob Clock, Carpenter, P 

Gilbert Pell, Shipwright, R 

Abraham Van Duersen, Tal- 
low Chandler, R 

Richard iLewis, Labourer, P 
ohn Duryee Jun^, P 
oseph Caverly, Shipwright, 
P 

Henry Peckwell, Schoolmas- 
ter, R 

John Monat, Cabinetmaker, 
R 

Michael Houseworth, To- 
bacconist, P 

John Taylor, Brazier, R 

David Morris, Carpenter, P 
. Hendrick Horneger, Baker 
P 

14 



p 



2IO FREEMEN, 1 765. 

1765. October 29^. John Stagg, Bricklayer, P 

TeunisTiebout, Bricklayer, R 
Garrit Van Den Berg, 

Farmer, R[egistered 
David Brown, Taylor, F 
Cornelius Ryan, Breeches- 
maker, P[aid] 
John Edward Prior, Car- 
penter, P 
ohn Stevens, Currier, R 
ohn Arden, Carpenter, R 
David Gartner, Taylor, P 
John Van Home, Peruke- 
maker, P 
George McKeyser, Labour- 
er, P 
David Henry Mellen, Marri- 

ner, P 
Frederick Ranshier, Cooper, 

P 
William Winterton, Mason, 

P 
Anthony Stonebeek, Cord- 

walner, P 
John Christian Pontuis, Tay- 
lor, P 
John Brower, Upholster, R 
Abraham Kip, Painter, R 
Michael Gress, Sadler, P 
James Riker, Gentleman, R 
Thomas Fisher, Shopkeeper, 

P 
Godfried Brugman, Mason, P 
Daniel Forshea, Tobacconist, 

P 
David Gobell, Baker, P 
Henry Fasch, Cordwainer, P 
Joseph DeVoe Jun^, Cord- 
wainer, R 



FREEMEN, I 765. 211 

1 765. October 29^. Samuel Lawrence, Coach- 
maker, P[aid] 
ohn Painter, Shopkeeper, P 
'^hilip Acker, Carpenter, P 
Mathew Morrill, Stocking- 
weaver, P 
Abraham DeLanoy, Brick- 
layer, R[egistered] 
Richard Burt, Blacksmith, P 
ames Cready, Cordwainer, P 
ohn Thorp, Blacksmith, P 
inglebert Kemmena, Chirur- 

geon, P 
Blazey Moore, Tobacconist, 

P 
Jacob Heitz, Labourer, P 
Peter Lorilliard, Tobacco- 
nist, P 
Michael Weaver, Cordwain« 

er, P 
John Goodberlet, Taylor, P 
David Woolhofter, Turner, 

P 
Henry Ritter, Cordwainer, R 
Michael Ritter, Taylor, P 
Oliver Miltenburgh, Leather 

Dresser, R 
Cary Dunn. Goldsmith, P 
William Waldron, Mason, R 
John Shepard, Mason, R 
Alexander Ogilvie, Ship- 
wright, R 
Stephen Ustick, Carpenter, R 
Christian Utt, Leather 

Dresser, R 
Jacob Fay, Cordwainer, P 
Anthony Fox, Currier, P 
Samuel Bates, Breeches- 
maker, R 



212 FREEMEN, 1 765. 

1765. October 29^. Daniel Wiggins, Soap Boiler, 

P[aid] 
Alexander Auxberry, Cord- 

wainer, R[egistered] 
James Deas, Perukemaker, P 
Peter Poyshart, Blacksmith, 

P 
Elkannah Deane, Coach- 
maker, P 
Nisbet Deane, Hatter, P 
Wandle Boise, Baker, P 
Christopher Pierce. Cord- 

wainer, R 
ames Boggs, Cooper, P 
ames Gromwell, Tailor, P 
Michael Van Bueren, Cord- 

wainer, R 
Peter Rossell, Cordwainer, R 
Edmond Mott, Carpenter, P 
Andrew Merrill, Cordwainer, 

R 
Frederick Shoneret, Shop- 
keeper, P 
William Crawford, Soap 

Boyler, P 
Arie Miller, Weaver, P 
Joseph Lester, Leather 

Dresser, P 
Charles Miller, Baker, P 
John Johnson, Brassfounder, 

R 
David McKindlas, Butcher, R 
Tobias Norwood, Cordwain- 
er, R 
Mathew Buys, Blacksmith, R 
James Farquharson, Shop- 
keeper, P 
Anthony Boulton, Cordwain- 
er, P 



"V 



FREEMEN, 1765-6. 213 

1765. October 29^. Oliver Burgiss, House Car- 
penter, R[egistered] 
William Thorne, Taylor, P 
ames Homan, Shopkeeper, P 
ohn Sullivan, Taylor, P[aid] 
ames Palmer, Blacksmith, P 
acob Brown, Carpenter, P 
Hienry Sickels, Carpenter, P 
David Ross, Carpenter, P 
George Wilt, Butcher, P 
John Piero, Cordwainer, R 
William Beekman, Butcher, P 
Arie Ryckman,Cordwainer,R 
John Myer Jun^, Blockmak- 

er, R 
Thomas White, Shop Joiner, 
November 21"^. His Excellency Sir Henry 

Moore, Baronet, Compli- 

mented,* 

\7tt. June 3**. William Bancker, Merchant, 

R 
10^. William Davis, Marriner, 
Complimented, Rf 
August 5*^ Robert McWilliams, Labour- 
er, P 
26^^. Abraham Outenbogert, 
Butcher, R 
William Lisk, House Carpen- 
ter, October ist, 1765, 



Freemen made and Registered in the Mayoralty 

Whitehead Hicks, Esq'., Vizt. 

October 17^. FauconnierValleau, Sadler, P 
22''. Isaac Moses, Cordwainer, P 
(not paid) 

* See Appendix No. 87. f See Appendix No. 88. J See Appendix No. 89. 



214 FREEMEN, 1 766-8. 

1766. December 9^. Coenradt Barnes, Hatter, P 

Hendrick Heyser, Carpenter, 
P[aid] 

1767. January I3^\ Richard Bancker, Merchant, 

R[egistered] 
February 20^. Jasper Stymets, Measurer, 

R* 
April i4*\ William Crawford, Cooper, 

P 

1768. January 5^. James Sacket, Merchant, R 

Abraham D. Revier, Cart- 
man, P 
February 2^ John Young, Schoolmaster, 

P 
William I. Elsworth, Pewter- 

er, R 
Bernard DeForeest, Shop- 
keeper, R 
William Needham, Bricklay- 
er, R 
March i**. Benjamin Montanja, Black- 
smith, R 
Bernard Gaus, Labourer, P 
Patrick Welch, Labourer, P 
Gifford Dally, Taylor, R 
April 2^ Leonard Lispenard Jun*"., 

Gentleman, R 
Robert Crannell, Marriner, 
R 
May 4^. John Armstrong, Peruke- 
maker, R 
Samuel Wall, House Carpen- 
ter, P 
Garrit Peterse, Blacksmith, 
5^. Christopher Johnson, Inn- 
holder, 
June 3^ Charles Giles, Marriner, Pf 

* See Appendix No. 90. f See Appendix No. 91. 



FREEMEN, 1 768. 215 

1768. June 7^. Joseph Reade Jun^, Esq'., 

Rfegistered] 
Benjamin Kissam, Gentle- 
man, Attorney at Law, R 
Benjamin Helme, Gentle- 
man, Attorney at Law, R 
Rudolphus Ritzema, Gentle- 
man, Attorney at Law, R 
John McKesson, Gentleman, 

Attorney at Law, R 
John Brown, Yeoman, P[aid] 
Gilbert Burger, Scrivener, 

R 
Henry Bickers, Hatter, R 
Walter Bickers, R 
July 5^. Timothy Hutten, Cordwain- 

er, R 
William Eagles, House Car- 
ter, R 
Thomas Eagles, House Car- 
penter, R 
Aaron Aerson, Baker, R 
John Clarke, Turner and 

Chairmaker, R 
Charles Mail, Leather Dress- 
er, P 
John Child, Sugar Baker, P 
Henry DetlulT, Labourer, P 
Garrit Kip, Baker, R 
John Dover, Taylor, P 
Francis Travillian, Innhold- 
er, P 
August 2^. Triamier Baldwin, Carpenter, 

R 
John Forster, Butcher, P 
William Normand, Butcher, 

P 
Samuel Falkenham, Leather 
Dresser, P 



2l6 



FREEMEN, 1 768-9. 



1768. August 2^. Robert Allison, Carpenter 

and Joiner, Rfegistered] 
3**. Barrack Hays, Vendue Mas- 
ter, R 
Jacob Ott, Butcher, P[aidl 
Moses Judah, Merchant, R 
30^. Abraham Rice, House Car- 
penter, P 
Darling Conrow, Bricklayer, 

R 
Henry Palmer, Blacksmith, P 
acob Hart, Mason, P 
oseph Dunkley, Painter, P 
ohn Taylor, Innholder, P 
Richard Ammarman, Cooper, 

R 
James Reynolds, Cordwainer, 
R 

1769, January 3**. Joseph Pierson, Carpenter, P 

John McComb, Bricklayer, P 
James Byers, Brass Founder, 
R 
oseph Meeks, Cordwainer, P 
oseph Meeks Jun^, Cord- 
wainer, R 
Philip Ebert, Baker, R 
Melachi Treat, Surgeon, P 
Eleazer McComb, Gentle- 
man, P 
Samuel Boyd, Blacksmith, R 
William Malcom, Rope- 
maker, P 
William W. Ludlow, Mer- 
chant, R 
Anthony Lispenard, Gentle- 
man, R 
31*^ John Marston, Merchant, R 
Abraham Montanja, Block- 
maker, R 



FREEMEN, 1 769. 



217 



1769. 



January 3 1®*. John Moore, Merchant, R 

Cook Mulligan, Merchant, R 
Donald McLean, Surgeon, P 
John Taylor, Merchant, R 
Samuel Tuder, Marriner, R 
William Turner, Marriner, R 
James Rivington, Bookseller, 

P[aid] 
Gabriel Wm. Ludlow, Mer- 
chant, R[egistered] 
George Ludlow, Merchant, 

R 
Joseph Lynsen, Peruke- 
maker, R 
ohn Lamb, Merchant, R 
oseph AUicocke, Gentleman, 
P 
Thomas Henderson, Inn- 
holder, P 
Ebenezer Hazard, Gentle- 
man, P 
Nicholas Hoffman, Gentle- 
man, P 
Thomas Duncan, Merchant, 

R 
Anthony L. Bleeker, Gentle- 
man, R 
Frederick Barr, Paynter, R 
Anthony Post, Carpenter, R 
Philip Henning. Surgeon, P 
Richard Harris, Clarke, P 
Thomas Horsfield, Brewer, P 
George Ball, Merchant, R 
William Byvanck, Ship- 
wright, R 
Evert Bancker, Shopkeeper, 

R 
Anthony Kendall, Marriner, 
P 



2l8 FREEMEN, 1 769. 

1769. January 31". Stephen Favier, Marriner, R 

Thomas Welch, Shopkeeper, 

P[aid] 
Thomas Welch Jun^, Shop- 
keeper, Rfegistered] 
Thomas Charles Willet, 

Shopkeeper, P 
William Waddle, Merchant, 

R 
Jacob Wilkins, Brass 

Founder, P 
George Lindsay, Stone Cut- 
ter, P 
Elias Smith, Carpenter, R 
Peter DeMaree, Carpenter, R 
Thomas Campbell, Potter, R 
William Shipman, Shop- 
keeper, R 
Benjamin Bell, Feltmaker, R 
William Butler, Scriviner, P 
Frederick Bassett, Pewterer, 

R 
Thomas Burling, Cabinet- 
maker, R 
Christopher Bennet, Gentle- 
man, P 
Thomas Barclay, Merchant, 

R 
William McDugall, Gentle- 
man, P 
Peter Quackenboss, Baker, R 
Coenradt Wm. Ham, Baker, 

R 
Richard Herbert, Cordwain- 

er, R 
Richard Harison, Gentle- 
man, Attorney at Law, R 
Edward Kelly, Marriner, R 
John Laboyteaux, Taylor, P 



FREEMEN, 1 769. 2ig 

1769. January 31**. John Ramsay, Tanner, P 

Samuel Williams, Shop- 
keeper, R[egistered] 

William Campbell, Gentle- 
man, P[aid] 

Thomas Collister, Cabinet- 
maker, R 

Robert Sharpe, Stone Cut- 
ter, P 

Josias Shortvavasen, Mar- 
riner, P 

Benjamin Stout Jun^, 

Gauger, R 
ohn Marshall, Marriner, R 
ohn Moore, Gentleman, P 

! Richard LaMersnev, Cord- 
wainer, P 

Henry Wilmart. Gentleman, 
P 

Robert R. Waddle, Gentle- 
man, P 

Peter Willsie, Cordwainer, R 

Alexander Wallace, Gentle- 
man, P 

Thomas Tucker, Merchant, 
R 

Grove Bend, Shopkeeper, R 

Benjamin Booth, Gentleman, 
P 

Pet^r DeRemier, Goldsmith. 
R 

Smith Ramage, Gentleman, 

P 
ohn Dawson, Jeweller, P 

ames Lent, Blacksmith, P 
acob Hallet, Taylor, R 

George Leonard, Butcher, P 

John Sawyer, Carpenter, P 

Henry Shire, Cartman, P 



220 

1/69. 



FREEMEN, 1 769. 

January 31**. Thomas Steward, Gentle- 
man, P[aid] 
Jonathan Skinner, Carpenter, 

Rfegistered] 
Jacob Blanck, Carpenter, R 
John Blocker, Gentleman, R 
George Beck, Butcher, P 
Thomas Brownjohn, Drug- 
gist, R 
Thomas Jackson, Sadler, P 
John McGillivrey, Labour- 
er, P 
Patrick McDavitt, Gentle- 
man, P 
ames Gordon, Labourer, P 
ohn Carrow, Cordwainer, R 
ames Van Brockle, Cart- 
man, R 
James Bonnet, Jueller, P 
Richard Ray, Merchant, R 
ames Armstrong, Grocer, P 
John Arthur, Gentleman, P 
Alexander Patterson, La- 
bourer, P 
John Scandlin, Marriner, R 
Edward Nicoll Jun'., Mer- 
chant, R 
Stephen Rapalje, Gentleman, 

R 
William Allen, Cordwainer, 

P 
Neal McKenny, Labourer, R 
Daniel McDugey, Taylor, P 
John Machet Jun^, Sadler, R 
Thomas Miller, Marriner, P 
James Jones, Labourer, P 
Adam Todd, Joiner, R 
H e n d r i c k Timmerman, 
House Carpenter, P 



kk. 



FREEMEN, 1769. 



221 



1769. 



January 31*^. James Gleen, Taylor, R 

Abraham Gouverneur, Tra- 
der, R[egistered] 

James Slater, Labourer, R 

Martin Shire, Cartman, P 

Richard Bolton, Innholder, 
P[aid] 

Samuel Bunce, Joyner, R 

Gabriel H. Ludlow, Mer- 
chant, R 

Peter Webbers, Wheelwright, 

R 
acob Riper, Cordwainer, R 

!iliakim Raymond Jiin''., 
Merchant, R 

Daniel Ebbets Jun^, Paynter, 
R 

Philip Livingston Jun^, Gen- 
tleman, Attorney at Law, 
R 

Elvin Vallentine, Cordwain- 
er, R 

John George Lucum, Butch- 
er, P 

William McDermott, Car- 
penter, R 

James Loutherkeene, Gen- 
tleman, P 

John Brewer, House Carpen- 
ter, R 

Andries Lardner, Baker, P 

Elias Anderson, Wheel- 
wright, R 

Gerrardus Hardenbrook, 
Skinner, R 

Michael Tremper, Peruke- 
maker, R 

John Herbert, Butcher, P 

Abraham Brower, Taylor, R 



222 

1769. 



FREEMEN, 1 769. 



January 31 



Thomas Wm, Moore, Gen- 
tleman, P[aid] 
John N. Bogert, Brazier, R 
Daniel McCormick, Gentle- 
man, P 
Benjamin Jones, Druggist, R 
Oliver Templeton, Gentle- 
man, P 
John Burrows, Joiner, R 
Evert Brown, Blacksmith, R 
John Thompson, Shopkeep- 
er, R[egistered] 
Samuel Boyer, Perukemaker, 

R 
Crean Brush, Gentleman, P 
George Wallgrove, Jun^, 

Cooper, R 
Adolph Philipse, Merchant, 

R 
Jonathan Cowdry, Carpenter, 

P 
Henry Spranger, House Car- 
penter, R 
ohn Clem, Blacksmith, P 
ames Alner, Feltmaker, R 
Alexander Clarke, Weaver, P 
Otto Parisien, Silversmith, P 
Andries Regler, Butcher, P 
Hugh Ross, Cartman, P 
George Kline. Baker, P 
Frederick William Kecht, 

Gentleman, P 
William Imlay, Merchant, R 
Miles Sherbrook, Gentleman, 

P 
Abraham Saunders, Cord- 
wain er, R 
Joseph Sherrin, Labourer, P 
Hulins Shire, Cartman, R 




FREEMEN, 1 769. 223 

1769. January 31". Hamilton Young, Gentle- 
man, P[aid] 
John Hunt, Gentleman, R 
Peter Hall, Marriner, P 
ames Hannon, Gardner, R 
oshua Mullock, Gentleman, 
P 
John DeWitt Jun^, Wheel- 
wright, Rfegistered] 
Aaron DeVoe, House Car- 
penter, R 
Nathaniel Tyley, Cordwain- 

er, R 
Stephen Terhune, Paynter, 

P 
Henry Edwards, Taylor, P 
Marmaduke Forster, Carpen- 
ter, R 
David Ross, Cartman, R 
William Leonard, Baker, P 
Thomas Lowrey, Innholder, 

P 
William Parke, Gentleman, 

P 
John Sitcher, Taylor, P 
Thomas Ludlow Jun^, Mer- 
chant, P 
Levinus Clarkson, Merchant, 
R 
February 3**. Gerrard G, Beekman Jun',, 

Merchant, R 
Simon Van Antwerpe, Sail- 
maker, R 
7^. James Forbes, Innkeeper, P 
George Fach, Baker, P 
Martin Farrell, Labourer, P 
Edward Goold, Gentleman, P 
Manassa Salter, Baker, R 
Barnardus Smith, Taylor, R 



224 FREEMEN, 1 769. ' 

1 769. February 7^. Robert Sinclair, Gentleman. 

P[aid] 
Samuel Smith, Gentleman, R 
Thomas Crabb, Gentleman, P 
Abraham Cannon, Cordwain- 

er, R[egistered] 
ohn Morton, Gentleman, P 
ohn B. Moore, Blockmaker, 

R 
Nicholas Moore, Bricklayer, 

R 
White C Matlack, Clock- 

maker. P 
Alexander McDougall, Gen- 
tleman, R 
William Witnel, Collarmak- 

er, P 
Adolph Waldron, Baker, R 
ohn Watts, Boatman, P 
acobus Van Norden, Farm- 
er, R 
John Van Dam, Merchant, R 
Henry Holland Jun^, Mer- 
chant, R 
John Hopper, Farmer, R 
Mathias Hadlenman, La- 
bourer, P 
ohn Haines, Shipwright, P 
ocobus Allgelt, Boatman, R 
^ewis Ackerman, Cartman,R 
William Lyle, Founder, P 
John Lockhart, Printer, P 
Burger Provoost, Blacksmith, 

R 
William Irving, Gentleman, 

P 
Wandle Zerbone, Tanner, P 
Michael Kip, Cooper, P 
John Keily, Scrivener, R 



ii 



FREEMEN, I 769. 225 

1769. February 7^. John Barwick. Cartman. R 

Alexander Robertson, Gen- 
tleman, P[aid] 
Robert Robertson, Gentle- 
man, P 
Edward Ming, Ccoper 
8^. Benjamin Seixas, Sadler, R 
John Stiles, Practitioner in 

Physick, P 
Benjamin Etting, Goldsmith, 

R[egistered] 
Andrew Hays, Goldsmith, R 
John Hamilton, Plasterer, P 
Robert C. Livingston, Mer- 
chant, R 
Richard Cornish, Innholder, 
P 
9^. John Shan, Marriner, P 
William Allen, Gunsmith, P 
Thomas Royse, Taylor, R 
Abraham Brashier Jun'., Sad- 
ler, R 
Peter Bertine, Marriner, R 
Nicholas P. Bogert, Marri- 
ner, R 
William Poole, Perukemaker, 

R 
William Pagan. Gentleman, 

P 
Jacob Vredenburgh, Peruke- 
maker, R 
Robert Watts, Merchant, R 
Thomas Jones, Gentleman, 

Attorney at Law, R 
Samuel Judah, Merchant, R 
Archibald Curry, Gentleman, 
P 
io*\ Charles Emery, Marriner, 
Walter Thomas, Silversmith, 
15 



226 



FREEMEN, 1 769. 



1 769. February 28^. Philip I. Livingston, Gentle- 
man, Attorney at Law, R 

Isaac Low, Gentleman, P 

Nicholas C. Low, Gentleman, 
P[aid] 

Samuel Dunscomb, Marriner, 
Rfegistered] 

Mathew Norwood, Scrivener, 
R 

John Wm. Smith, Gentle- 
man, Attorney at Law, R 

Isaac Heron, Watchmaker, P 

Philip Brashier, Merchant, R 

John D. Crimshier, Gentle- 
man, Attorney at Law, R 

Marvin Perry, Watchmaker, 
R 

Jonas Philipse, Retailer, P 

David Mathews, Gentleman, 
Attorney at Law, R 

Samuel Jones, Gentleman, 
Attorney at Law, R 
March 21*^. James Nixon, Gentleman, P 

Robert Hargrave, Surveyor, 

P 
John Houseman, Paynter 

and Glazier, R 
ohn Warner, Taylor, R 
Daniel Fisher, Taylor P 
Balthazar Creamer, Hosier, 

P 
Charles Amory, Marriner, R 
Walter Thomas, Silversmith, 

R 
June 20*^ George Woolrick, Labourer, 

P 
John Cherbacker, Labourer, 

P 
John Kain, Marriner, P 



FREEMEN, 1 769. 227 

1769. June 20^. Francis Burch, Scrivener, P 

John George Crosskoop, 

Baker, P[aid] 
Peter Chappie, Stocking 

Weaver, P 
Daniel Tier, Labourer, P 
Jacob Moore, Farmer, P 
Ludewick Kranskoop, Farm- 
er, P 
ohn Ries, Farmer, P 
ohn Kelly, Gentleman, P 
oseph Stairer, Perukemaker, 
P 
John Jacob Staple, Sugar 

Baker, P 
Jochem Christian Schultz, 

Baker, P 
Philip Oswald, Baker, P 
August 4^. Michael Shrum, Labourer, P 

Thomas McCarty, House 
Carpenter, Rfegistered] 
September 5^. Robert Place, Marriner, P 

Michael Solomon Hays, 

Watchmaker, R 
Vivian Davenport, Gardner, 

P 
Adam Dobbs, Cordwainer, R 
James Connelly, Cordwainer, 
R 
11^. Pelatiah Haws Jun*"., Cooper, 

P I 

27^. George Trail, Snuff Maker, 
P 
. William Upton, Miller. P 
John Mott, Butcher, R 
Abraham Cannon, Baker, R 
Asher Jones, Cordwainer, R 
Isaac Jones, Cooper, R 
Thomas Bayeux, Innholder,R 



228 FREEHEX, 1 

1 769, October 3I Archibald McMckar, Gentle- 

man, P[aid] 
31* John Gillidan, Cooper, R 
December 19* Garret Schotler, Paynter and 

Glazier, P 
1 7 70- January 9*. Gregory Springall, Gentle- 

man, P 
David Jones, Gentleman, P 
ohn Bolitho, Distiller, P 
ohn Small wood. Innkeeper, 
P 
John Watts, Gentleman, P 
February 6*^. John Clarke, Shagreen Case- 
maker, P 
Daniel Tingley, Marriner, R 
Benjamin Moore Jun^, Marri- 
ner, R[egistered] 
Gilbert Forbes, Shopkeeper, 
R 
8*^. Abraham Van Wyck, Mer- 
chant, R 
Mathew Earnest Jun^, Mer- 
chant, P 
Thomas Manning, Cooper, R 
John Lawrence, Cooper, R 
Elias Stilwell. Cooper, R 
Elijah Arnold, Cooper, R 
March 6^. John Samler, Sugar Re- 
finer, P 
John Bronckhurst, Sugar Re- 
finer, P 
April 3"*. John Anthony, Cordwainer, 

R 
ohn Dealing, Shopkeeper, P 
ohn Hardenbrook, Black- 
smith, R 
Alexander McClean, Yeo- 
man, P 
Isaac Sheldon, Marriner, P 




FREEMEN, l770. 229 

1770. April 3**. Alexander McDonald, Inn- 

holder, P[aid] 
Samuel Ray, Shopkeeper, P 
Stephen Van Voorhis, School- 
master, P 
John Berrian Jun*"., Marri- 

ner, R[egistered] 
Thomas Hazard, Shop- 
keeper. R 
Samuel Spencer Skinner, 

Distiller, P 
Ephraim Bostwick, Carpen- 
ter, P 
Lawrence Brashier, Felt- 
maker, R 
Francis Colegrove, Felt- 
maker, R 
Richard Livingston, Marri- 
ner, R 
July 24^. Francis Child, Scrivener, R 
August 21^. David Johnson, Gentleman, 

R 
ames Steward, Marriner, R 
saac Van Duersen, Black- 
smith, R 
ohn Buckstone, Baker, P 
ohn J. Gilbert, Shopkeeper, 
R 
Jonathan Holmes, Shopkeep- 
er, P 
Isaac Guion, Surgeon, R 
Roger Smith, Taylor, P 
James Warner, Blacksmith, R 
Hugh McDowel, Baker, R 
Jacob Sperry, Gardner, P 
Abraham Isaacks, Taylor, P 
William Webb, Cooper, P 
William Young, Shopkeeper, 
P 



230 FREEMEN, I770- 

1770. August 21" John Freeborne, Ship Chan- 
dler, Pfaid] 
Jacob Tyler, Schoolmaster, P 
Christian Hipler, Cordwain- 

er, P 
William Staple, Shopkeeper, 

P 

William Laight, Merchant, R 

James Seaman, Shipwright, P 

Abraham Pardon, Scrivener, 

R[egistered] 

September 1 1***. James Steward, Merchant, R 

Joshua Hett Smith, Gentle- 
man, R 
>c William Sidney, Gentleman, 
R 
Thomas Ellison, Gentleman, 

P 
John Schuyler Jun^, Mer- 
chant, R 
James Stiles, House Carpen- 
ter, R 
Barent Cuyler, Merchant, R 
Thomas Bridgen Attwood, 

Druggist, P 
William Seton, Gentleman, P 
George Remsen, Shopkeep- 
er, P 
Henry Deforeest, Blockmak- 

er, R 
Edward Doughty, Shopkeep- 
er, P 
John Brandon, Marriner, P 
Aaron Bancker, Bricklayer, P 
Nathaniel Marriner, Paynter, 

R 
Thomas Stagg, Baker, R 
Jacob Van Vincola, Brick- 
layer, R 




FREEMEN, I77O. 23 1 

1770. September ii^. Jacob Brewerton, Gentleman, 

R[egistered] 
Henry Thomas, House Car- 
penter, R 
John Algea, Marriner, R 
Isaac Bancker, Cordwainer, 

R 
Cornelius J. Seabring, Bolter, 

P[aid] 
William Arnold, Ropemaker, 

P 
John Davis, Leather Dresser, 

R 
Martin Foy, Currier, P 
John Whiteman Jun'., Farm- 
er, R 
Alexander Steward Jun^, 

Ship Chandler, R 
Rynier Low, Tobacconist, R 
George Willis Jun'., Brick- 
layer, R 
David Knolton, Cabinetmak- 
er, P 
Adrian Stymets,Carpenter, R 
Isaac Piper, Cordwainer, R 
Richard Halloway, Labourer, 

R 
Edmond Taylor, Cordwain- 
er, R 
Richard Moone, Marriner, R 
William Crolius, Potter, R 
John Dowden, Carpenter, P 
Ellis Wool, Heelmaker, R 
James Keane, Breeches Mak- 
er, R 
Patrick Murphy, Labourer, R 
David Man, Butcher, R 
Thomas I vers, Ropemaker, 
P 



232 FKEEMES, I77OL 

1770. September 11* Edward Handly, Innholder, 

P[aid] 
Joshua Hutchins, Butcher, P 
John Oustennan, Sugar Bak- 
er, R[egistered] 
Philip Thompson, Taylor, R 
Cornelius Turck, Baker, R 
Cornelius Van Sise, Cooper, 

R 
Edward Grant, Labourer, P 
James Eteridge, Sadler, P 
John Faulkner, Butcher, R 
Cornelius Roome, Hatter, 

R 
Malcom McEuen, Pewterer, 

R 
Oliver Waldron, House Car- 
penter, R 
John Kell, Innholder, P 
Joseph Randle, Shopkeeper, 

P 
Benjamin Burrows, Cord- 

wainer, R 
James Arentz, Perukemaker, 

R 
Henry Ogden, Taylor, R 
Alexander Anderson, Joiner, 

R 
Cornelius C: Wynkoop, Shop- 
keeper, R 
James Cobham, Innholder, P 
Cornelius DeGrushe, Rope- 
maker, R 
John Rice, Organist, P 
Thomas Warner Jun^, Chair- 
maker, R 
Henry Riker. Marriner, R 
James Willson, Cordwainer, 
R 



h-' 



FREEMEN, I77O. 233 

1770. September 1 1^. William Sutton, Ropemaker, 

R[egistered] 
Andrew Van Evera, Black- 
smith, R 
James Perkins, Farmer, P 
John Peter, Gardner, P[aid] 
Francis Van Wagenen, Car- 
penter, R 
Thomas Banfield, Cooper, R 
John Fitzpatrick, Labourer, 

R 
Thomas Brown, Marriner, R 
John Kerby, Innholder, R 
William Wood, Gentleman, P 
Thomas Barnet, Gentleman, 

P 
William Crossley, Afmourer, 

P 
Charles Hadley, Armourer, P 
Samuel Roberts, Armourer, P 
Christopher Sweedland, 

Armourer, P 
Thomas Austin, Carpenter, P 
Joseph Charters, Wheel- 
wright, P 
Richard Prickitt, Blacksmith, 

P 
ohn Ryan, Labourer, P 
Evert Van Wagenen, Black- 
smith, R 
Michael Johnson, Sailmaker, 

R 
Philip Simmons, Peruke- 
maker, P 
William Ryneck, Cordwain- 

er, R 
Anthony King, Carpenter, R 
acob DeGroot, Joiner, R 
'ohn Hopper, Carpenter, R 



234 



FREEMEN, 177a 



1 77a September 11**. 



Joseph Labatoux, Cordwain- 

er, P[aid] 
Richard Thomas, Cooper, R 
Nicholas Anderson, Labour- 
er, R[egistered] 
Benjamin Bussing Jun'. , Tay- 
lor, R 
John Romney, Silversmith, R 
Benjamin Gilbert, Hatter, R 
Henrj- J. Ryker, Marriner, R 
John Rx^an Dixon, Marriner, 

R 
Richard Wenman, Upholster- 
er, R 
Richard Xorris, Stay maker, 

P 
Aaron Van Hook Jun^, Mer- 
chant, R 
William Corby, Gardner, P 
John Hendrick Tier, Labour- 
er. P 
Richard Nassau Stephens, 

Gentleman, P 
Jeremiah Goodwin, Carpen- 
ter, R 
William Day, Cooper, R 
Francis Marble, Butcher, P 
Adam Finch, Butcher, R 
ohn Fish, Shopkeeper, P 
ohn Craig, Weaver, P 
^oseph Beck, Stay maker, P 
John Boles, Scrivener, P 
James Kierstead, Baker, R 
Luke Kierstead, Baker, R 
ohn Francis, Weaver, R 
oseph Meade, Labourer, P 
ohn Hamilton, Cordwainer, 
R 
John Fisher, Tanner, R 



FREEMEN, iTJO-Jl. 2^5 

1770. September II '^ Peter Hulich, Staymaker, R 

Francis Covenhoven, Painter, 
R[egistered] 

George Higby, Farmer, R 

John Watson, Cabinetmaker^ 
P[aidl 

Garret Lefferts, Shopkeeper, 
P 

Abraham E. Lott, Shopkeep- 
er, P 

James Young, Shopkeeper, P 

Christopher Miller, Marri- 
ner, R 
14^. James Waterman, Innkeeper, 
P 

Abraham Van Duersen, 
Cooper, R 

John Man, Cordwainer, R 

William Brownjohn Jun'., 
Surgeon, R 
October (f". Daniel Sickles, Cordwainer, R 
15^. John Waldron, Carpenter, 
27^. John, Earl of Dunmore, Gov- 
ernor of New York, Com- 
plimented,* 

1 77 1. Januarys^. Christopher Duyckinck, Sail- 

maker, P 
Alexander McGinnis, Choco- 

latemaker, R 
Frederick Rhinelander, Shop- 
keeper, R 
March i6'^ William Snow Steele, Gen- 
tleman, P 
April 19^. John Fowler, Innholder, P 
May 9'^ John Turner, Shopkeeper, P 
28^\ David Shaddle, Wheelwright, 

R 

« 

* See Appendix No. 93. 



236 FREEMEN, I 77 1-73- 

1771. July 15*^. His Excellency William 

Tryon Esq*"., Governor 
and Commander-in- Chief 
of the Colony of New 
York, Complimented with 
his Freedom, enclosing the 
Seal in a Gold Box, R * 
August 9*^. Peter McLean, Cordwainer, P 

1772. February 4^. }ohn Rutter, Shipwright, P 

July 21*. Joseph Willson, Marriner, R 
September i5^. Joseph Luther Henning, 

Baker, R[egistered] 
25*^. Thomas Stilwell, Hatter, R 
November 3**. Donald Drummond, Marri- 
ner, P[aid] 
December 8^^ John L. C. Roome, Gentle- 
man, R 
^77 i' January 26^. William Wentworth, Scriv- 
ener, R 
February 2^ George Webster, Grocer, P 
3**. William G. Forbes, Gold- 
smith, R 
23**. John Hinde,Cloath Worker, R 
Richard Minifie, Fuller, R 
April 29^. John Blagge, Gentleman, Rf 

Edward Blagge,Gentleman,R 
May 11^. Francis Sawyer, Wheel- 
wright, R 
June 7^. His Excellency the^ 

Honorable Thomas 
Gage, Lieutenant- 
General in his Majes- 
ty's Army and Com- 
mander-in-Chief of )-RJ 
all his forces in North 
America (Compli- 
mented and the Seal 
Enclosed in a Gold 
Box), 

♦ Sec Appendix No. 94. t See Appendix No. 95. % Sec Appendix No. 96. 






FREEMEN, 1773-75. 237 

1773. September 22**. Thomas Parsels, Cordwainer, 

R[egistered] 
Peter Elting, Gentleman, R 
November 2^. George Dey Bertsyer, Chim- 
ney Sweeper, P[aid] 
December 7^. John Stout, Baker, R 

acob Poser, Baker, R 
ames McCullen, Cooper, R 
74. March 3*^. John Perr)^, Gentleman, R 

8^^ John Buchanan, Marriner, P 
Patrick Dennis, Marriner, R 
April 7^. Robert R. Livingston, Gen- 
tleman (Complimented),* 
July 19^, Benjamin James, Gentleman, 

R 
Thomas Stevenson, Gentle- 
man, R 
August 2**. William Bell, Breeches 

Maker, R 
3**. John Kelso, Windsor Chair- 
maker, P 
John Betts, Cabinetmaker, 
R 
September i3^\ Moses Marden, Innholder, P 

14^. Forster Lewis, Innholder, R 
November 1". Christopher Fagenham, 

Shopkeeper, P 
Jacob Lamply, Innkeeper, P 
2^ Edward Bardin, Innkeeper, 
R 
15^. Thomas Meredith, Cordwain- 
er, R 
December 6^. James Gilliland, Schoolmas- 
ter, R 
7^. Peter Garson, Compass- 
maker, R 
1775- February 9^. Emmanuel Rinedollar, Tay- 
lor, P 

* See Appendix No. 98. 



238 FREEMEN, 1775- 

1775- February 28^. Charles John Brannon, Inn- 
keeper, P[aid] 
March 28^. Thomas Burch, Tinplate- 

maker, R[egistered] 
Lewis Fueter, Goldsmith, R 
William Millburne, Shop- 
keeper, R 
John Kingston, Goldsmith, 

R 
Jacob Boshart, House Car- 
penter, R 
Simon Snyder, Stonecutter, 
Bryan Conner, Innkeeper, P 
Thomas Hartley, Staymaker, 
R 
April ii'^. Robert Bell, Taylor, R 

Richard Kip, Upholster, R 
June 13^. James Seagrove, Gentleman, 

P 
John Shaw, Gentleman, P 



[The last session of the Common Council under Colo- 
nial rule, was held on Thursday, May 24th., 1776. The 
civil authority again resumed their functions on Mon- 
day, February 9th., 1784, when James Duane took his 
seat at the Common Council as Mayor of the City.] 



FREEMEN, 1 784. 239 



City of I 
New York, f 

At a Common Council, held in the said City, on Tues- 
day the Qth. Day of March, 1784. 

Present : 

James Duane ; Esquire, Mayor, 
Richard Varick, Esquire, Recorder. 

The following Laws and Ordinances, for the good 
rule and government of the inhabitants and residents 
within the said city, were ordained, made, established 
and published, and ordered to be printed in one of the 
pubic News Papers, viz. : 

A Law relative to the admission of Freemen. 

Passed March 9, 1784. 

BE It Ordained by the Mayor, Aldermen, and 
Commonalty of the city of New York, convened 
in Common Council, and it is hereby ordained by the 
authority of the same, That all and every person or 
persons hereafter to be made Free of this city (who 
were not born within this city, or served a regular ap- 
prenticeship of seven years with the same) shall pay for 
the freedom thereof as followeth, to wit : Every mer- 
chant, trader or shopkeeper, the sum of Five Pounds of 
lawful money of the state of New York, including the 
several fees hereinafter mentioned ; And every handicraft 
tradesman, the sum of Twenty Shillings of like lawful 
money, for the use of the Corporation, with the follow- 



240 FREEMEN, 1 784. 

ing fees on being made free, that is to say, Eight Shil- 
lings to the Maj^or, Six Shillings to the Recorder, 
Seven Shillings and Six Pence to the Clerk, and One 
Shilling to the Cryer and Bellringer of the Mayor's 
court ; and that every person hereafter to be made free 
of this city, that was born or served an apprenticeship 
within the same, shall pay for being sworn a freeman 
and registered and a certificate, the sum of Eight Shil- 
lings to the Mayor, Seven Shillings and Six Pence to 
the Clerk, and One Shilling to the Cryer and Bellringer 
of the Mayor's court. 

II. And be it further ordained by the authority afore- 
said. That every person hereafter to be made free of 
this city shall take such oath of allegiance to the state 
of New York, as now is or hereafter shall be established 
by law, before the Mayor, Deputy Mayor, and any four 
or more of the Aldermen, and also the following oath, 
to wit : 

** I do swear, That I, as a Freeman of the 

city of New York, will be obeisant and obedient to the 
Mayor, and other Ministers or Peace Officers of the 
said city ; the franchises and customs thereof, I will 
maintain and keep the said city harmless as much as in 
me lieth. I will know of no unlawful gatherings, assem- 
blies, or meetings, or of any conspiracies against the 
peace of the people of the state of New York, but I 
will warn the Mayor, or other Magistrate thereof, or 
hinder it to the utmost of my power. All these points 
and articles I will well and truly maintain and keep 
according to the laws and customs of the said city. So 
help me God." 

The New York Packet and the American Advertiser^ 
March 18, 178^, No. 36S. 



At a Common Council held the 25th. Day of March, 

1784. 

The following Persons Residents in this City were 



FREEMEN, 1 784. 24 1 

admitted and sworn as Freemen and ordered to be 
registered, viz.: 

William Connor, Cartman, 
Peter Vouch Jun'., Cartman, 
James J. Myers, Cartman, 
Charles DeBevois, Cartman, 
Isaac Kipp, Cartman, 
Daniel Lambert, Cartman, 

ohn Ten Brock, Cartman, 

"rancis Gendar, Cartman, 
James Connoly, Cartman, 
Morris Earle, Cartman, 
Isaac Blauvelt, Cartman, 
William Godwin, Cartman, 
Thomas Staats, Cartman, 
John Pearce, Cartman, 
Nicholas Hilman, Cartman, 

ames Myers Jun*"., Cartman, 

ohn Nenning, Cartman, 

saac Brower, Cartman, 
Adam Wendel, Cartman, 
William Patterson, Cartman, 
Casparus Blanck, Cartman, 
David E. Demarest, Cartman, 
James Campbell, Cartman, 
John Johnson, Cartman, 
Alexander Van Everson, Cartman, 
Alexander Dugan, Cartman. 
Thomas Dick, Cartman, 
Ivy Muckleworth, Cartman, 
John C. Philips, Cartman, 
Daniel Davenport, Cartman, 
Barnaby Bellisle, Cartman, 
William Crawford, Cartman, 
Nicholas Demarest, Cartman, 
Michael All, Cartman, 
David Cornwell, Cartman, 
Andrew Hamilton, Cartman, 
16 



FREEMEN, 1 784. 

John Rains, Cartman, 
Philip Fay, Cartman, 
Robert Berwick, Cartman, 
John Mcckar, Cartman, 
Elias Shell, Cartman 
James Blanchard, Cartman, 
Thomas Tompkins. Cartman, 
Henry Rhinebecker, Cartman, 
Thomas Ferdon, Cartman 
John Van Der Hoof, Cartman, 
John Leonard, Cartman. 
Abraham Van Tuyl, Cartman, 
James Collard, Cartman, 
Peter Freer, Cartman. 
John Van Vasick, Baker, 
Alexander Buchannan, Cartman, 
Reuben Frazee. Cnrtnian, 
John Johnson, Cartman, 
James Adams, Cartman 
Daniel Ruchei, Cartman. 
Abraham Martling, Cartman, 
John Osman. Cartman, 
John Ross, Cartman, 
Anthony Clauson, Cartman, 
James Black, Cartman, 
Bartholomew Staats, Silversmith, 
Harmanus Staats, Measurer. 



At a Common Council held the 30th. Day of March, 
.1784- 
The following Persons were sworn and admitted as 
Freemen of the City and ordered to be registered, viz, .- 
John Harriot, Cartman, 
Peter Peters, Cartman, 
William Beekman. Cartman, 
John Chambers. Cartman, 
Charles Jillard, Cartman, 



FREEMEK, 1784. 243 

John Cassady, Cartman, 
Samuel Clark, Cartman, 
Jonathan Concklin, Cartman, 
Peter Hardenbrook, Cartman, 
John Hays, Cartman, 
James Johnson, Cartman, 

ohn Davenport, Cartman, 

ames Davenport, Cartman, 

oseph Demarest, Cartman, 
Richard Johnson, Cartman, 
Caleb Ward, Cartman, 
Joseph Ely, Cartman, 
Moses Ely, Cartman, 
Isaac Halsey, Cartman, 
John Valentine, Cartman, 
Cornelius Van Der Hoof, Cartman, 
Abraham Knickerbacker, Cartman, 
John Day, Cartman, 
William Smith, Cartman, 

ames Davis, Cartman, 

ames Ryckman, Cartman, 
Samuel Quackenbos, Cartman, 
John Baldridge, Cartman, 
Andrew Myers, Cartman, 
Abraham Lafoy, Cartman, 
Albertus Tiebout, Cartman, 
Paulus Banta, Cartman, 
Gideon Sprague, Cartman, 
Nicholas Grub, Cartman, 
Abraham Moore, Cartman, 
Harman Van Rypen, Cartman, 
Michael Faech, Cartman, 
Tunis Dalson, Cartman, 
Abraham Day, Cartman, 
Thomas Gardner, Cartman, 
Matthias Kerby, Cartman, 
Jonas Woods, Cartman, 
Francis Parsman, Cartman, 
Daniel Fagan, Tallow Chandler. 



244 FREEMEN, 1 784. 

At a Common Council held the ist. Day of April, 

1784. 

The following Persons were admitted and sworn as 
Freemen of the City and ordered to be registered, viz. : 

Isaac King, Cartman, 
Thomas Kelly, Cartman, 
David Morgan, Cartman, 
Aaron Jenkins, Cartman, 
Abraham Ely, Cartman, 
William Day, Cartman, 
John Porter, Cartman, 
Samuel Thistle, Cartman, 
Peter Van Orden, Cartman, 
Henry Crum, Cartman, 
Joseph Deacon, Cartman, 

oseph Hinds, Cartman, 

acob Bogert, Cartman, 
John J. Myers, Gentleman, 
George Gillespy, Cartman, 
William Waldron, Cartman, 
James Carter, Cartman, 
David Willis, Cartman, 

ohn M. Tier, Cartman, 

ehiel Ferris, Cartman, 
!i^rancis Moore, Cartman, 
Moses Egbert, Cartman, 
Elias Romine, Cartman, 
Matthew Vanderhoof, Cartman, 
Peter Westervelt, Cartman, 
Jacob Wendel, Cartman. 



At a Common Council held the 6th. Day of April, 

1 784. 

The following Persons were admitted and sworn as 
Freemen of this City and ordered to be registered, viz. : 

Silvanus Seely, Carpenter, 
Ezekiel Crane, Carpenter, 



FREEMEN, 1 784. 245 

William Campbell, Cartman, 
William Ludlam, Cartman, 
Michael Sandford, Cartman, 
Cornelius Vandenbergh, Cartman, 
Enos Tompkins, Cartman, 
Nicholas Davison, Cartman, 
Stephen Hadley, Cartman, 
Nicholas Harry, Cartman, 
Andrew Shoe, Cartman, 
John Van Dervoort, Cartman, 
Nicholas Concklin, Cartman, 
Nathaniel Lane, Cartman, 
Henry Barns, Cartman, 
George Williams, Cartman, 
Henry Bloom, Cartman, 
Henry Vanderhoof, Cartman, 
Isaac Coe, Cartman, 
William Hawks, Cartman, 
Joseph Keens, Innholder, 
Elijah Wedge, Public Cryer, 
Walter King, Cartman, 
Herman Chappie, Cartman, 
Henry Foreman, Cartman, 

ohn Sidman, Cartman, 

ohn Turner, Cartman, 

ohn Fritz, Cartman, 
Walter Dougall, Cartman, 
Abraham Delameter, Cartman, 
Albert G. Bogert, Cartman, 
Charles Maston, Cartman, 

ames West, Cartman, 

ohn Stilwell, Cartman, 
William Phillips, Cartman, 
Andrew Jennings, Cartman, 
John McFall, Cartman, 
John Ackerman, Cartman, 
Francis Colegrove, Cartman. 



246 FREEMEN, 1 784. 

At a Common Council held the 15th. Day of April, 

1784. 

The following Persons were admitted and sworn as 
Freemen of the^ity and ordered to be registered, viz. : 

Abijah Wells, Cartman, 
Richard Allison, Cartman, 
Ebenezer Hudson, Cartman, 
William Mitchel, Cartman, 

ohn Van Orden, Cartman, 

ohn Nuthwait, Cartman, 

onathan Wheeler, Cartman, 
John Brown, Cartman, 
George Sparlen, Cartman, 
Peter Snyder, Cartman, 
James Throckmorton, Cartman, 
William Anderson, Cartman, 
Epaphras Cook, Cartman, 
Edward Fowler, Cartman, 
Luke Terboss, Cartman, 
William Andem, Cartman, 
David Walker, Cartman, 

ohn Heron, Cartman, 

oseph Ransom, Cartman, 
John Longtown, Cartman, 
William Sloan, Cartman, 
John Shaver, Cartman, 
William Noble, Cartman, 
Robert Giles, Cartman, 
Hendrick Bogert Jun'., Cartman, 
Jonathan Belcher, Cartman, 
James Egberts, Cartman, 
Robert Thomas, Cartman, 
Matthew Musty, Cartman, 
John Foot, Cartman, 
William Connoly, Cartman, 
Elijah Crane, Cartman, 
Peter Smith, Cartman, 



FREEMEN, 1 784. 247 

Abraham Demarest, Cartman, 
Philip Jordon, Cartman. 



At a Common Council held the nth. Day. of May, 

1784. 

The following Persons were admitted and sworn as 
Freemen of this City and ordered to be registered, viz. : 

Peter Shultz, Cartman, 

Henry Birdsall, Cartman, 

Cornelius Post, Cartman, 

Dirck Brinckerhoff Jun^, Cartman, 

Abraham Riker, Cartman, 

Matthew Riker, Cartman, 

John McGill, Cartman, 

acob Benschoten, Cartman, 

acob Storm, Cartman, 

Benjamin Horn, Cartman, 
Casparus Romine, Cartman, 
Peter Bogert, Cartman, 
William Davids, Cartman, 
William Van Vorst, Cartman, 
Ryer J. Ryerse, Cartman, 
Abraham Tucker, Cartman, 
John Peter Westman, Cartman, 
Andrew Van Alen, Cartman, 
Jonathan Ross, Cartman, 
Cornelius Paulding, Cartman, 
Aaron King, Cartman, 
James Gibson, Cartman, 
Wright Carpenter, Cartman, 
William Pierson, Cartman, 
Hendrick C. Bogardus, Cartman, 
James Patterson, Cartman, 
William Davison, Cartman, 
James Johnson, Cartman, 
Samuel Scudder, Cartman, 
John Johnson, Cartman, 



248 



FREEMEN, 1 784. 



Rinier Skaats Jun'., Cartman, 
David Young, Cartman, 
Wilhelmus Van Houten, Cartman, 
William Birdsall, Cartman, 
Jacob Marselius, Cartman, 
Lawrence Buskirk, Cartman, 
James Gillespy, Cartman, 
Peter Mauritsen, Cartman, 
Martin Morrison, Cartman, 
John All, Cartman, 
Matthew Granger, Cartman, 
Izrael Pearsall, Cartman, 
Zebadiah Ward, Cartman, 
ohn Foreman, Cartman, 
oseph Russell, Cartman, 
acob Dalmadge, Cartman, 
ames Covenhoven, Cartman, 
ohn Bowman, Cartman, 
George Allison, Cartman, 
Thomas Bushfield, Cartman, 
John Purdy, Cartman, 
Daniel Ackerman, Cartman, 
Malcom Buchannan, Cartman, 
John Turner, Cartman. 



At a Common Council held the 14th. Day of May, 

1784. 

The following Persons were admitted and sworn as 
Freemen of this City and ordered to be registered, viz. : 

John H. Sleght, Merchant, 
Benjamin Thorn, Carpenter, 
James Stitt, Cartman, 
Hendrick Bartholf, Cartman, 
Matthew Cunningham, Cartman, 
Daniel Perrine, Cartman, 
Archibald Locke, Cartman, 



FREEMEN, 1784. 249 

ohn Simmons, Cartman, 

^eter Quackenboss, Cartman, 
Samuel Hutchins, Cartman, 
Peter DuBois, Cartman, 
Jonathan Miller, Cartman, 
Hugh Lindsay, Cartman, 
John Retan, Cartman, 
Angus Sutherland, Cartman, 
William Sandford, Cartman, 
John Ernest, Cartman. 



City of 
New York 



(•ss. 



JAMES DUANE, Esquire, 
L. S. MAYOR, 

And the Aldermen of the City of New York. 

To all to whom these Presents shall come^ send Greet- 
ing : 

KNOW YE, That Lawrence Goetz, Blacksmith, is 
admitted, received and allowed a FreTeman and 
Citizen of the said City ; to Have, Hold, Use and 
Enjoy all the Benefits, Privileges, Franchises and Im- 
munities whatsoever, granted or belonging to the said 
City. In Testimony whereof, the said Mayor and 
Aldermen have caused the Seal of the said City to be 
hereunto afifixed. Witness James Duane, Esquire, 
Mayor, the twenty-fifth Day of May in the Year of our 
Lord 1784, and of the Sovereignty and Independence 
of the State the eighth. 

Jas. Duane. 
By order of the Mayor 
and Aldermen. 

Robt. Benson, Clk. 

From printed form reproduced in Manual of the Common Council^ 1862. 



25o FREEMEN, 1 784. 

At a Common Council held the 2d, Day of June, 

1784. 

The following Persons were admitted and sworn as 
Freemen of this City and ordered to be registered, viz. : 

ames Valentine, Cartman, 

eremiah DuBois, Cartman, 
David Pierson, Cartman, 
John Owen, Cartman, 
Henry Stiles, Cartman, 
Nathan June, Cartman, 
Cornelius Tharp, Cartman. 



At a Common Council held the i6th Day of June, 

1 784. 

Peter Sypher, Cartman, was admitted and sworn a 
Freeman of this City and ordered to be registered 
according. 

At a Common Council held the 30th. Day of June, 

1 784. 

The following Persons were admitted and sworn as 
Freemen and ordered to be registered, viz. : 

William Snyder, Baker, 
Daniel Shaffer, Tobacconist, 
Simon Losee, Labourer, 
Valentine Vaughan, Labourer. 



At a Common Council held the 7th. Day of July, 

1 784. 

Benjamin Westervelt, Cartman, was admitted and 
sworn as a Freeman of the City and ordered to be 
registered. 



FREEMEN, I 784. 25 1 

At a Common Council held the 21st. Day of July, 

1 784. 

Thomas Peet and Richard Wheeler were sworn and 
admitted as Freemen of the City and ordered to be 
registered. 

At a Common Council held the 26th. Day of August, 

1784. 

The following Persons were admitted and sworn as 
Freemen of the City, viz. : 

ohn Clark, Shoemaker, 
srael Knapp, Carpenter. 



At a Common Council held the ist. Day of Septem- 
ber, 17S4. 

Ichabod Steinbrach, ) ^ ^ 

f u c J \ Cartmen, 

John Snyder, ) 

were admitted and sworn as Freemen and ordered to 

be registered. 

At a Common Council held the nth. Day of Septem- 
ber, 1784. 

Present : 

James Duane Esq^, Mayor, 
Richard Varick Esq^, Recorder. 

Ordered that five respectful Addresses from this 
Corporation be presented with the Freedom of this 
City in Gold Boxes, one to his Excellency the 
Governor George Clinton, one to his Excellency 
General Washington, one to the Honourable John 
Jay Esq^, one to the Honourable the Marquis 
De La Fayette, and one to Major General Baron Steu- 
ben, and that Mr. Mayor and Mr. Recorder prepare 
and report the addresses, and that Alderman Gilbert, 



252 FREEMEN, 1 784. 

Mr. Johnson, and Mr. Phoenix direct the making of 
the Gold Boxes * accordingly. 

Mr. Mayor informed the Board that as the Marquis 
De La Fayette would depart this City in a day or two 
he had prepared the draft of an Address to him, as also 
of the Certificate of his Freedom of this City, which 
were read and approved by the Board in the Words 
following, viz. : 

'* To the Right Honourable the Marquis De La Fay- 
ette, Marechal de Camp of the Armies of His Most 
Christian Majtsty and Major General in the Service 
of the United States of America. 

Sir : We the Mayor, Aldermen, and Commonalty of 
the City of New York are Happy in the Opportunity 
which your presence affords us of giving you a public 
Testimony of our Esteem. 

It is with peculiar Pleasure we welcome you to a 
Place the repossession of which was so long a princi- 
pal object of those Wishes and Efforts in which you 
so zealously participated. The early and adventurous 
Part you took in the Revolution, and the essential 
Services which you have rendered in different Situa- 
tions, will ever endear you to those to whom the 
Rights of America are Dear. 

Altho', Sir, we are persuaded, that in the affections 
of a free People, you will find the most pleasing 
Tribute to your distinguished Merits, We beg leave, 
as a Token of our peculiar Regard, to present you 
with the Freedom of this City ; and to assure you, 
that we feel ourselves deeply interested in your Hap- 
piness and Prosperity. 

By order of the Common Council. 

Jas. Duane, Mayor. 
New York, 

September nth., 1784. 

* At a Common Council held November nth., 1784, a warrant was issued to 
Samuel Johnson for Cl^.'j for two Gold Boxes. December 8th., 1784, a warrant 
for ;^56,io,4 for two Golden Boxes. — City Records. 



FREEMEN, 1 784. 253 

City of ) 
New York, j ^^• 
Whereas : 

James Duane Esq^, Mayor, the Recorder, Alder- 
men, and Assistants of the City of New York in 
Common Council convened. To all to whom these 
Presents shall come. Send Greeting. — Whereas the 
Right honourable The Marquis De La Fayette Marechal 
de Camp of the armies of his most Christian Majesty 
and Major General in the service of the United States 
of America, by the early and adventurous Part which 
he took in the late Revolution, by which the Liberties 
and Independence of the United States are happily 
established, and the essential Services he hath per- 
formed in different Situations, hath endeared himself to 
all to whom the Jlights of America are Dear, and we 
being desirous of giving him a public Testimony of 
our Esteem and of our high Sense of his distinguished 
Merit and essential Services : Be it therefore known 
to all whom it may concern, that the said Marquis de 
la Fayette is by these Presents admitted and received 
a Freeman and Citizen of the City of New York in 
the State of New York in America. In Testimony 
Whereof, We cause the public Seal of the said City to 
be hereinto affixed. 

Witness James Duane Esq^, Mayor of the said 
City, this fourteenth Day of September in the Year of 
our Lord 1784, and of the Independence of the State 
the ninth. 

James Duane. 
By order of the Common 

Council. 

Robt. Benson, Clk. 



At a Common Council held the i5th. Day of Septem- 
ber, 1784. 

The Members having waited on the Right Hon- 



254 FREEMEN, 1 784. 

Durable the Marquis de la Fayette with the Address 
of the Corporation, Mr. Mayor laid on the table the 
Marquis's answer, which was read, and is in the words 
following : 

To the Honourable the Mayor, Aldermen and Com- 
monalty of the City of New York. 

While I am honoured with so flattering marks of 
your esteem, it is a peculiar gratification to me to 
receive them in this City, where with delight I see the 
triumphant restoration of the American flag. 

Amidst hardship of war, which so heavily fell upon 
you, it has been your noble task to give the world an 
example of disinterestedness and fortitude. To unite 
with you, in common eff^orts and common wishes, 
became my fortunate lot ; and altho' from a powerful 
co-operation then in readiness, we had a right to 
expect the re-possession of New York, yet did I feel 
much happier in the far better method, by which the 
end of your exile was made a signal for restored peace. 

In the precious testimonies of your partiality now 
aff^orded me, I most pleasingly enjoy the new tie that 
connects me with this City ; and while I ardently 
share with you in every concern for its prosperity, I 
beg leave to assure you that the warmth of my zeal 
can only be equalled by the feelings of my respect and 
gratitude. 

William Hope was admitted and sworn as a Free- 
man of the City and ordered to be registered. 



At a Common Council held the 20th. Day of Septem- 
ber, 1784. 

The Mayor informed the Board that his Excellency 
the Governor was returned to this city, and that ac- 
cording to order the Recorder and himself had pre- 
pared an Address to his Excellency, together with a 
Certificate of the Freedom of this City, which were 



FREEMEN, 1784, 255 

read and unanimously approved by this Board, and 
are as follows, viz. : 

To His Excellency 
George Clinton, Esquire, 

Governor of the State of New York, &c., &c., &c. 

The Respectful Address of the Mayor, Aldermen 
and Commonaky of the City of New York. 

May it please your Excellency : 

We the Mayor, Aldermen and Commonalty of the 
City of New York congratulate your Excellency on 
your return to this metropolis from the western 
frontier. 

The uprightness of your conduct, your uniform zeal 
for the public good, and the important part, both in 
the field and in the Senate, which you have acted in 
vindicating the liberties of America, have justly ele- 
vated you to a high place in the confidence and esteem 
of your country. 

Permit us then to embrace this opportunity of unit- 
ing our applause to those of other public bodies, who 
have already paid their tribute to your merit, and be 
pleased to accept of the Freedom of this City, now 
respectfully presented, as a testimony of our high 
sense of your services, of our affectionate regard to 
your person, and of our earnest wishes for your do- 
mestic happiness, and the tranquillity of your admin- 
istration. 

By Order of the Common Council. 

James Duane, Mayor. 

City of ) 
New York, j ^^• 

By James Duane Esquire, Mayor, the Recorder, Al- 
dermen, and Assistants of the City of New York 
in Common Council convened. 

To all People to whom these Presents shall come 



256 FREEMEN, I 784. 

or may in any wise concern, Greeting. Whereas His 
Excellency George Clinton Esquire, Governor of the 
State of New York, by the Uprightness of his Con- 
duct, by his uniform Zeal for the public Good, and by 
the important Part, in the Field and in the Senate, 
which he hath acted in vindicating the Liberties and 
establishing the Independence of America, justly pos- 
sesses a high Place in the Confidence and Esteem of 
his Country : Now know ye that we being desirous 
to unite our applause to those of other public Bodies 
who have already paid their Tribute to his distin- 
guished Merit, to manifest our affection for his Per- 
son, and to perpetuate the just Sense which we enter- 
tain of his important Services, Have admitted and 
received, and by these Presents Do admit and receive 
His said Excellency George Clinton Esquire to be a 
Freeman of the said City of New York, To hold, exer- 
cise and enjoy all the Rights, Privileges, Advantages, 
and Immunities to the Freemen of the said City 
incident and appertaining. In Testimony Whereof, 
We have caused the public Seal of the said City to be 
hereunto affixed and enclosed in a Golden Box. Wit- 
ness James Duane Esquire, Mayor of the said City, 
this twenty-second Day of September in the Year of 
our Lord 1784, and of the Independence of the State 
the ninth. 

James Duane. 
By order of the Common 
Council. 

Robt. Benson, Clk. 

Ordered, That Aldermen John Broome and William 
Neilson wait on his Excellency to know when and 
where he will be pleased to receive this Board with 
the said Address. 

That they inform the Mr. Mayor of his Excellency's 
answer, and that Mr. Mayor convene the members to 
wait on his Excellency accordingly. 



FREEMEN, 1 784. 257 

At a Common Council held the 24th. Day of Septem- 
ber, 1784, 

The Mayor, Recorder, and the other members of 
the Board having waited on his Excellency the Gov- 
ernor on Wednesday last [September 2 2d.] with their 
Address, the Answer which his Excellency had been 
pleased to make thereto was read in the words follow- 
ing, viz. : 

Gentlemen : 

Be pleased to accept of my warmest acknowledge-- 
ments for your very polite and affectionate address. 

If my attempts to serve my country have contrib- 
uted to the happiness of my constituents, I could 
not meet a reward which I more highly esteem, than 
their confidence and approbation ; and permit me to 
assure you, that the pleasure I now experience in 
receiving this honourable testimony of your favoura- 
ble opinion of my public conduct, and regard for my 
person, is greatly enhanced, when I reflect that it is 
to your wisdom we are so much indebted for the 
tranquillity and good order which prevails in this 
metropolis. 

Geo. Clinton. 



At a Common Council held the 2d. Day of October, 

1784. 

Mr. Mayor informed the Board that the Honourable 
John Jay Esq', was returned to this city, and that ac- 
cording to order he and Mr. Recorder had prepared 
the Draft of an Address from this Corporation to Mr. 
Jay, and also the Certificate of his Freedom of this 
City, which were read and unanimously approved of 
by the Board and are as follows, viz. : 

17 



258 FREEMEN, 1 784. 

To the Honourable John Jay Esquire, late one of the 
Ministers Plenipotentiary of the United States of 
America for negotiating a Peace. 

Sir: 

Be pleased to accept the Congratulations of the 
Mayor, Aldermen and Commonalty of the City of 
New York, on your safe Return to the place of your 
Nativity.* 

The Revolution which hath secured our Liberties 
and Independence, will not be more celebrated for the 
illustrious Events which have marked its Progress, 
than for the Roll of Statesmen and Heroes, by whose 
Wisdom, and Valour, under the Divine Favour, it hath 
been established on the most solid basis. 

Among these worthy Patriots, you, Sir, are highly 
distinguished — in our own Convention — in our first 
Seat of Justice — as a member and as President of the 
United States in Congress assembled — and as a Min- 
ister Plenipotentiary, both in Spain and France — you 
have executed the important Trusts with Wisdom, 
Firmness, and Integrity, and have acquired universal 
applause. 

While you thus possess the nations Confidence and 
Esteem for a series of eminent Services, We, your 
fellow Citizens, feel a singular Pleasure in embracing 
this Opportunity to present you with the Freedom of 
your native City, as a public Testimony of the respect- 
ful Sentiments we entertain towards you, and as a 
Pledge of our affection, and of our sincere Wishes for 
your Happiness. 

By order of the Common Council. 

James Duane, Mayor. 

♦ On Saturday the 24th. of July, the ship Edward, Capt Henry Coupar, arrived 
at this port from London, in seven weeks and two days. In her the Hon. John 
Jay, Esq., his Lady and family; Philip Livingston, Esq. ; and several other 
gentlemen came passengers. — The New York Packet, July 2tth., 1784, AV. 405. 

Last week the Honourable John Jay, Esq., came to this City from the Family- 
Scat at Rye, and on Monday, the 4th. instant, received the Addresses from the 
Corporation. — The New York Packet^ 'Jhursday\ October ^th., 1784, N^o. 426. 



FREEMEN, 1 784. 259 

City of ) 
New York. ) ^^• 

By James Duane Esquire, Mayor, and the Recorder, 
Aldermen and Assistants of the City of New 
York in Common Council convened. 

To all People to whom these Presents shall come 
or concern, Greeting. 

Whereas, the glorious Revolution which hath se- 
cured our Liberties and Independence will not be 
more celebrated for the illustrious Events which have 
marked its Progress than for the Roll of Statesmen 
and Heroes by whose Wisdom and Valour, under the 
Divine Favour, it hath been established on the most 
solid Basis. And whereas, among these worthy 
Patriots the Honourable John Jay Esquire is highly dis- 
tinguished, having in our own Convention — in our first 
Seat of Justice — as a Member and as President of the 
United States in Congress assembled, and as a Minis- 
ter Plenipotentiary both in Spain and France, executed 
the important Trusts committed to him, with Wisdom,. 
Firmness, and Integrity ; and thus by a series of 
eminent Services obtained the national Confidence 
and Esteem and universal Applause. 

Now, therefore, know ye that We, feeling a singular 
Pleasure in paying a just Tribute to the Merits of the 
said John Jay our fellow Citizen, Have received and 
admitted, and by these Presents Do receive and admit 
him to be a Freeman of his native City, To hold, exer- 
cise and enjoy all the Rights, Privileges, Advantages, 
and Immunities to the Freedom of the said City, inci- 
dent or appertaining as a public Testimony of the 
respectful Sentiments we entertain towards him, and 
as a Pledge of our affection and our sincere wishes for 
his Happiness and Prosperity. In Testimony Whereof 
We have caused the public Seal of the said City to be 
hereunto affixed, and these Presents to be enclosed in 
a Golden Box.* Witness James Duane Esq^, Mayor 

* The gold box, ornamented with the arms of the city, is now in the possession 
of his grandson, John C. Jay, of Rye, N. V. 



26o FREEMEN, 1 784. 

of the said City, this 2d. Day of October in the Year of 
our Lord 1784, and of the Sovereignty and Indepen- 
dence of the State of New York the ninth. 

James Duane. 
By order of the Common 
Council. 

Robt. Benson, Clk. 

Ordered that Aldermen Lott, Gilbert, and Ivers 
wait on Mr. Jay to know when and where he will be 
pleased to receive this Board with the said Address. 
That they inform Mr. Mayor of his answer, and that 
Mr. Mayor convene the Members to wait on him 
accordingly. 

Monday Noon, October 4th., 1784. 

Mr. Mayor having convened the Members of this 

Corporation they proceeded to wait on Mr. Jay with 

their Address, to which he was pleased to make the 
following answer : 

To the Worshipful the Mayor, Aldermen, and Com- 
monalty of the City New York. 

Gentlemen : 

Accept my warmest Thanks for your affectionate 
Congratulations on my Return to my native Country ; 
and for the particular Mark of Approbation with 
which you have honoured my Endeavours to do my 
Duty in promoting its Welfare. I consider the Day 
on which I again landed on these Shores as one of 
the happiest with which an indulgent Providence has 
blessed me ; and that Satisfaction was increased by 
finding my Fellow Citizens in the Enjoyment of pub- 
lic Tranquillity and private Security, under the auspices 
of Magistrates who had given early Proofs of atten- 
tion to both. 

I cannot omit this Opportunity of offering to you, 
Gentlemen, my Congratulations on our having attained 



FREEMEN, 1 784. 26 1 

the Objects of a War, in the Course of which America 
in general, and this Part of it in particular, displayed 
exemplary magnanimity and Perseverance ; and exhib- 
ited to the World the singular Spectacle of a patriot 
army of Citizens, peaceably retiring with their great and 
good Chief, crowned with Laurels and the Blessings of 
the People, to fill the various Stations of private Life. 

If we cultivate the Virtues and observe the Policy 
requisite in Peace, with the attention paid to those 
which (with the Blessings of Heaven) gave Success 
to the War — If our Views be national — our Union 
preserved — our F'aith kept — War, however improb- 
able, provided for — knowledge diffused — and our 
federal Government rendered efficient, we cannot fail 
to become a great and happy People. 

This being a Land of Light and Liberty, I bless 
God that it is the Land of my Nativity. Here my 
Forefathers from France after the revocation of the 
Edict of Nantes a.d. 1684, sought and found Free- 
dom and Toleration. I am bound to it by the strong- 
est Ties, and as its Happiness has been the first 
Object of my Endeavours from early Life, so the most 
fervent Wishes for its Prosperity shall be among 
those of my latest hours. 

John Jay. 

At a Common Council held the 8th. Day of October, 

1784. 

Mr. Mayor produced the Draft of an Address to 
Baron Steuben, as also a Certificate of his Freedom of 
this City, which were respectively read and agreed to 
by the Board, and are in the words following, viz, : • 

To the Honourable Frederick William, Baron de 
Steuben, late Major General and Inspector Gen- 
eral of the Armies of the United States of 
America. 

The Address of the Mayor, Aldermen, and Com- 
monalty of the City of New York. 



262 FREEMEN, I 784. 

In offering testimonials of the respect of this Cor- 
poration for individuals who have distinguished them- 
selves in our happy revolution, we cannot be unmind- 
ful of the merits of the Baron de Steuben. 

We recollect with pleasure. Sir, among other im- 
portant services which you have rendered, that to 
your well directed efforts this country is essentially 
indebted for the introduction of that system into our 
military establishments, on which the reputation and 
success of our arms so much depended. The bat- 
tle of Monmouth soon after the commencement of 
your labours, and every subsequent event of the Jate 
war, are memorable proofs of the utility of that sys- 
tem m the field, and the records of Congress bear 
testimony in how great a degree it contributed to 
promote the interests of national (economy. 

As a public mark of the sense we entertain of your 
services, and of our esteem for you personally, we 

f)resent you with the Freedom of the city, within the 
imits of which you have chosen your residence. We 
shall only add, that the interest we take in your 
happiness dictates our warmest wishes, that you may 
experience from the citizens of the State at large 
every species of distinction and acknowledgment, which 
can contribute to render that residence agreeable. 
By order of the Common Council. 

James Duane, Mayor. 

City of ] 
New York, f ^^• 

By James Duane Esquire, Mayor, and the Recorder, 
Aldermen and Assistants of the City of New York in 
Common Council convened. 

To all People to whom these Presents shall come 
or concern, Greeting. 

Whereas the honourable Frederick William Baron 
de Steuben, Major General and Inspector General 
of the Armies of the United States of America, 
among other individuals who have distinguished 



FREEMEN, 1 784. 263 

themselves in our happy Revolution, hath rendered 
important service, and this Country is more especially 
indebted to his well directed Efforts for the Introduc- 
tion of that System into our Military Establishment, 
on which the Reputation and Success of our Arms so 
much depended ; the Battle of Monmouth soon after 
the Commencement of his Labours, and every sub- 
sequent Event of the late War, being memorable 
Proofs of the Utility of that System in the Field ; 
and the Records of Congress bearing Testimony in 
how great a Degree it contributed to promote the 
Interests of National CEconomy. Now therefore 
Know Ye that WE, being mindful of the distin- 
guished Merit of the said Baron de Steuben, Have re- 
ceived and admitted. And by these Presents Do receive 
and admit, the said Baron de Steuben to be a Free- 
man of the said City within the Limits of which 
he hath chosen his Residence, to hold, exercise, and 
enjoy all the Privileges, Advantages, and Immunities 
to the Freedom of the said City incident and apper- 
taining as a publick mark of the Sense WE entertain 
of his Services, of our Esteem for him personally, and 
of the Interest WE take in his Happiness. In Testi- 
mony whereof WE have caused the public Seal of the 
said City to be hereunto affixed and these Presents to 
be enclosed in a Golden Box.* Witness James Duane 
Esquire, Mayor of the said City, this eleventh Day of 
October in the Year of our Lord one thousand seven 
hundred and eighty-four, and of the Independence of 

the State of New York the ninth. t t-. 

J as. Duane. 

By Order of the Common 

Council. 

Robt. Benson, Cl'k. [L. S.] 

From the original in possession of the New York Historical Society, 

Ordered, That Aldermen Neilson, Broome and Mr. 
TenEyck wait on the Baron to know when and where 

* The gold box was presented by Baron Steuben to Major William North ; it 
is now in possession of his granddaughter, Mrs. Francis B. Austin, of this city. 



264 FREEMEN, 1 784. 

he will receive the said Address. That they inform 
Mr. Mayor of his answer, and that Mr. Mayor con- 
vene the Members to wait on him accordingly. 



Monday, the nth. Day of October, 1784. 

Mr. Mayor having convened the Members of the 
Corporation, they proceeded to wait on the Baron de 
Steuben with their Address, to which he was pleased 
to make the following answer, viz. : 

To the Honourable the Mayor, Aldermen and Com- 
monalty of the City of New York. 

Gentlemen : 

The flattering testimonials you have condescended 
to give me of your esteem, and the kind approbation 
with which you have been pleased to reward my well 
meant endeavours to render services to America in 
the late arduous contest, inspire me with a gratitude 
more easily felt than expressed. 

It is not surprising, however flattering it may be to 
me, that my services, whatever they may have been, 
should be recollected by so important and respectable 
a part of the community, which has never ceased to 
remember those of their own officers by whom I have 
been so eff^ectually assisted. To the abilities and 
merit of the officers, and the singular docility' of the 
soldiers, with whom I had the honour to serve, Amer- 
ica is in the highest degree indebted for that disci- 
pline, order and (jeconomy which finally distinguished 
ner army. To none is she more obliged than to those 
of this State; and I am happy in having this oppor- 
tunity of acknowledging how much I am indebted to 
them, for the success of the system it became my doty 
to j>ropose. 

I accept with the most lively sense the honour con- 
ferred on me by this mark of personal attention ; if 



FREEMEN, I 784. 265 

anything could add to its value, it would be enhanced 
by the manner of your bestowing it. 

The proofs I have had of the esteem of the inhabi- 
tants of this city, have convinced me that I have 
made a happy choice in fixing on my place of rest 
from my military labours. It will be my highest 
ambition to deserve the honour of being enrolled 
among them, possessing the good opinion of my fel- 
low citizens and their worthy magistrates, I can with 
more confidence anticipate the friendship of those of 
the State at large, for whose prosperity I shall ever 
most gratefully and sincerely pray. 

I have the honour to be, with the greatest respect, 
Gentlemen : 

Your obedient Servant, 

Steuben. 

At a Common Council held the 20th. Day of October, 

1 784. 

The following Persons were admitted and sworn as 
Freemen of this City and ordered to be registered, viz, : 

Hezekiah Van Keuren, Cartman, 
John Crawson, Cartman, 
Abraham Brower, Cartman, 
John Terhune, Cartman, 
George Miller, Cartman, 
I Anthpny Ford, Cartman. 



At a Common Council held the 2d. Day of December, 

1784. 

Mr. Mayor, according to order, presented the Draft 
of an Address from this Corporation to his Excel- 
lency General Washington, also the Draft of a Certifi- 
cate of his Excellency being admitted to the Freedom 
of this City, which he read and laid upon the table, and 
the same being again respectively read were unani- 



266 FREEMEN, 1 784. 

mously approved of and agreed to by the Board, and 
are in the words following, viz. : 

To His Excellency George Washington, late Gen- 
eral and Commander in Chief of the Armies of the 
United States of America. 

The respectful Address of the Mayor, Aldermen, 
and Commonalty of the City of New York in Common 
Council convened. 

Sir : 

When this City after its Restoration (25th. Novem- 
ber, 1783) had the Honour of your Excellency's Pres- 
ence, it was regretted that the Derangement of its 
Institutions suspended those public Testimonials of 
Respect, Gratitude, and Applause which every Heart, 
truly American, is solicitous to pay to your distin- 
guished Merits and Services. The Corporation, since 
organized, resolved to embrace proper opportunity to 
manifest the exalted Sense which they entertain of 
both ; and are happy that your Approach to the vicinity 
of this State will put it in their Power to carry that 
Resolution into effect. 

The Effusions of public Esteem are the most wel- 
come Tribute to a patriot Mind, and as none can have 
greater Reason to cherish the most honourable and 
affectionate Sentiments towards you than the Citizens 
of the State of New York, so we have the fullest 
Confidence that there is no State in which they are 
more generally and emphatically felt. Flattering our- 
selves that you are convinced of this Truth, we are 
led to hope that it may not be displeasing to you to 
have your name enrolled among the Citizens of a 
Metropolis for the Recovery of which so much of 
your Care and Solicitude have been employed. 

On the present Occasion we would wish to convey 
to your Excellency a just Idea of the Admiration we 
feel for the Virtues you have displayed in the late Revo- 
lution : But Justice to the illustrious Part you have 



FREEMEN, I 784. 267 

acted would oblige us to adopt that strong Language 
of Panegyrick which we fear would wound the Deli- 
cacy for which you are conspicuous. We shall there- 
fore only indulge ourselves so far as to observe that it 
is your Glory, thro' all the vicissitudes and embarrass- 
ments of a Revolution, thro' alternate Scenes of pros- 
perous and adverse Fortune, never to have known a 
Moment when you did ^ not possess the full Confidence 
and Esteem of your Country ; and after having, by 
the Divine Favour, most essentially contributed to 
establish the Liberty and Independence of thirteen 
Republicks, it is your peculiar Glory to have chear- 
fully retired from the Head of a victorious Army to 
the modest station of a private Citizen. 

Permit us to add our fervent Prayer that your Ex- 
cellency, in just Reward of such eminent Services and 
Virtues, may be crowned with every Blessing which a 
grateful Country and indulgent Heaven can bestow. 

City of ) 
New York, j ^^• 

By James Duane Esquire, Mayor, and the Recorder 
. and Aldermen of the City of New York. 

To all to whom these Presents shall come or may 
concern. Greeting. 

Whereas His Excellency George Washington, late 
Commander in Chief of the Armies of the United 
States of America, by a series of the most illustrious 
Services is entitled to the Respect, Gratitude, and 
Applause of every Heart which is truly American ; 
And as none can have greater Reason to cherish the 
most honourable and affectionate Sentiments towards 
him than the Citizens of the State of New York : So 
we have the fullest Confidence that there is no State 
in which they are more generally and emphatically felt. 
Flattering ourselves that, convinced of this Truth, 
His Excellency may be pleased to have his name 
enrolled among the Citizens of a Metropolis for the 



268 FREEMEN, 1 784. 

Recovery of which so much of his Care and Solicitude 
have been employed : Now therefore know ye that 
we, considering that Effusions of public Esteem are 
the most welcome Tribute to a patriot mind, have 
admitted and received, and by these Presents Do 
admit and receive, his said Excellency to be a Free- 
man and Citizen of the said City. 

To hold, exercise, and enjoy all the Rights, Privi- 
leges, and Immunities to the Freedom and Citizen- 
ship of the said City incident and appertaining as a 
permanent Proof of the admiration we feel for his 
exalted Virtues, for the Wisdom, Fortitude, and Mag- 
nanimity which he had so gloriously displayed thro' 
all the Vicissitudes and Embarrassments, thro' all the 
alternate Scenes of prosperous and adverse Fortune, 
produced in the Progress of an arduous and difficult 
War. And finally for that patriotic Heroism which, 
after having been an essential Instrument in giving 
by the Divine Blessing, Liberty and Independence to 
thirteen Republicks, hath led him to retire with Chear- 
fulness from the Head of a victorious Army to the 
modest Station of a private Citizen. 

In Testimony of these Truths and to perpetuate 
them to our remotest Posterity, we the said Mayor, 
Recorder, and Aldermen have caused these Presents 
to be entered on our public Records, and our common 
Seal of the said City, enclosed in a golden Box, to 
be hereunto affixed. Witness James Duane Esq^, 
Mayor of the said City, this 2d. Day of December in 
the Year of our Lord 1784, and of the Independence 
of the State the ninth. 

Ordered that the said Address and Certificate be 
engrossed, that Mr. Mayor subscribe the Address on 
behalf of this Corporation, and that the common Seal 
of this Corporation be affixed to the said Certificate ; 
and that Mr. Mayor, who is going to Philadelphia on 
public business, be requested in the name of this Cor- 
poration to present the said Address and Certificate, 
with the golden Box, to his Excellency, who is expected 



FREEMEN, 1 785. 269 

at that place, otherwise that Mr. Mayor transmit the 
same to his Excellency by such conveyance as he may 
conceive most proper. 



At a Common Council held the i8th. Day of January, 

1785. 

John Paine, 

Robert Smith, 

Michael Gates, 

Jacob Day, 

William White, 
were admitted and sworn as Freemen of this City and 
ordered to be registered accordingly. 



At a Common Council held the 29th. Day of January, 

1785. 

ohn Dunlap, Cartman, 

ohn Kip, Cartman, 

oseph Forbes, Cartman, 

osiah Concklin, Cartman, 
George Aerlich, Cartman, 
Uzziah Coddington, Cartman, 
John Smith, Cartman, 
Robert Smith, Cartman, 
were severally sworn as Freemen of this City and 
ordered to be registered. 



At a Common Council held the 9th. Day of March, 

1785- 

ohn Van Winckel, Bricklayer, and 
oseph Cheesemen, Bricklayer, 

were admitted and sworn as Freemen of this City and 

ordered to be registered. 



270 FREEMEN, I 785. 

At a Common Council held the 5th. Day of April. 

1785. 

John Helsman, Tobacconist, sworn and admitted a 
Freeman of this City and ordered to be registered 
accordingly. 



At a Common Council held the 6th. Day of April, 

1785. 

William Bussing, ) 

Aaron Banta, VCartmen, 

Michael Sandiord, ) 

were admitted and sworn Freemen of this City and 

ordered to be registered. 



At a Common Council held the nth. Day of April, 

1785. 

Jacob Shearman, Cartman, 
William Rutledge, Carpenter, 

were admitted and sworn as Freemen of this City 

and ordered to be registered. 



At a Common Council held the 20th. Day of April, 

1785. 

John Harvey, 

Isaac Woolcoks, 

Daniel Demaray, J^Cartmen, 

Saml Arnett, 

James Hulet, 

were sworn and admitted as Freemen of this City 
and ordered to be registered. 



FREEMEN, 1 785. 27I 

At a Common Council held the 30th. Day of April, 

1785. 

Abraham Ackerman, Cartman, 

Isaac Stagg, Shoemaker, 
were sworn and admitted Freemen of this City and 
ordered to be registered. 



At a Common Council held the 2d. Day of May, 1785. 

Present James Duane Esq'., Mayor. 

Mr. Mayor produced to the Board a Letter from 
his Excellency General Washington covering his 
answer to the Address of the Corporation of the 2d. 
of December last, which answer is in the words fol- 
lowing, viz, : 

To the Honourable the Mayor, Recorder, Aldermen, 
and Commonalty of the City of New York. 

Gentlemen : 

I received your Address, and the freedom of the City 
with which you have been pleased to present me in a 
golden Box, with the sensibility and gratitude which 
such distinguished honours have a claim to. The flat- 
tering expression of both, stamps value on the acts ; 
and call for stronger language than I am master of, 
to convey my sense of the obligation in adequate 
terms. 

To have the good fortune amidst the vicissitudes 
of a long and arduous contest ** never to have known 
a moment when I did not possess the confidence and 
esteem of my Country " — And that my conduct should 
have met the approbation, and obtained the affec- 
tionate regard of the State of New York (where diffi- 
culties were numerous and complicated), may be as- 
scribed more to the effect of divine wisdom, which 
had disposed the minds of the people, harassed on 



272 FREEMEN, 1 785. 

all sides, to make allowances for the embarrassments 
of my situation, whilst with fortitude and patience 
they sustained the loss of their Capitol, and a valua- 
ble part of their territory — and to the liberal senti- 
ments, and . great exertion of her virtuous Citizens, 
than to any merit of mine. 

The reflection of these things now, after the many 
hours of anxious sollicitude which all of us have had, is 
as pleasing, as our embarrassments at the moments we 
encountered them, were distressing — and must console 
us for past sufferings and perplexities. 

I pray that Heaven may bestow its choicest bless- 
ings on your City — That the devastations of War, in 
which you found it, may soon be without a trace. 
That a well regulated and beneficial Commerce may 
enrich your Citizens. — And that, your State (at 
present the Seat of the Empire) may set such exam- 
ples of wisdom and liberality, as shall have a tendency 
to strengthen and give permanency to the Union at 
home — and credit and respectability to it abroad. 
The accomplishment whereof is a remaining wish, and 
the primary object of all my desires. 

G^ Washington. 

Ordered that the said address and answer be pub- 
lished.* 

At a Common Council held the 20th. Day of May, 

1785. 

* The Address of the Corporation to General Washington (see December 2d., 
1784) and liis reply to the same appeared in London's New York Packet^ of 
Monday, May 9th., 1785, with the following prefatory note: ** The following 
Address was prepared to have been presented 10 his Excellency General Wash- 
ington, when he was expected in the neighbourhood of this City: But, as the 
visit did not take place, it was transmitted to his seat at Mount Vernon, and the 
Corporation have been honoured with the following answer." The letter of 
Washington has been reproduced in fac-simile for the Manual of the Common 
Council for 1870. 

The Common Council, January i8th,, 1785, issued a warrant for ;f45.i6 to 
pay William W. Gilbert for a** Golden Box** to enclose the freedom presented 
to Washington. 

A fac-simile of Washington's reply was printed in the Corporation Manual for 
1870. 



FREEMEN, I 785. 273 

Harmanus Blauvelt, ) ^ 

Jesse Danielson, j ' 

were admitted and sworn Freemen of this City and 

ordered to be registered. 



At a Common Council held the 25th. Day of May, 

1785. 

Peter Van Houten, Cartman, 

ames Smith, Cartman, 

ohn Bishop, Cartman, 

iarnet Nagel, Cartman, 
Gerrit Smith, Cartman, 
Isaac Kipp, Cartman, 

ohn Dusenbury, Cartman, 

ohn Mills, Shoemaker, 
were severally admitted and sworn Freemen of this 
City and ordered to be registered. 



At a Common Council held the 13th. Day of July, 

1785- 

William Hamilton, Merchant, 
Hercules Wendover, Cartman, 
Francis Gains, Cartman, 

were severally admitted and sworn as Freenjen of this 

City and ordered to be registered. 



At a Common Council held the 19th. Day of Octo- 
ber, 1785. 

David Demares, Cartman, 
Nathaniel Guyon, Cartman, 
John Bogardus, Cartman, 
George Brown, Cartman, 
William Post, Cartman, 
18 



2 74 FREEMEN, 1 785-6. 

John Varick, Cartman, 

John Montanye, Cartman, 
were severally admitted and sworn as Freemen of this 
City and ordered to be registered. 



At a Common Council held the 28th. Day of Decem- 
ber, 1785. 

John Craig, 
ames Van Blaricum, 
oshua Williams, 
John Cunningham, 
were admitted and sworn Freemen of this City and 
ordered to be registered. 



>-Cartmen, 



At a Court of General Sessions of the Peace, held 

the 7th. Day of February, 1 786. 

Philip Jacob Arcularius, of the City of New York, 
Tanner, admitted and sworn as a Freeman of the said 
City and ordered to be registered. 



A LAW RELATIVE TO THE ADMISSION OF FREEMEN. 

Be it Ordained, by the Mayor, Aldermen and Com- 
monalty of the City of New York, in Common Cotmcil 
convened^ and it is hereby Ordained by the Authority of 
the same, That all and every Person or Persons here- 
after to be made Free of this City (who were not Born 
within this City or served a regular Apprenticeship of 
Seven Years within the same), shall Pay for the Free- 
dom thereof as follows, to wit : Every Merchant, Trader 
or Shop-keeper, the Sum of Five Pounds y Lawful Money 
of the State of New York, including the several Fees 
hereinafter mentioned ; And every Handicraft Trades- 
man, the sum of Twenty Shillings of like Lawful 



/ 



FREEMEN, 1 786. 275 

Money, for the Use of the Corporation, with the fol- 
lowing Fees on being made Free, that is to say, 
Eight Shillings to the Mayor, Six Shillings to the 
Recorder, Seven Shillings and Sixpence to the Clerk, 
and One Shilling to the Cryer of the Mayor's-Court ; 
and that every Person who was Born or served an 
Apprenticeship within this City, shall Pay for being 
Sworn a Freeman, and being Registered, and for a 
Certificate thereof, the Sum of Eight Shillings to the 
Mayor, Six Shillings to the Recorder, Seven Shillings 
and Sixpence to the Clerk, and One Shilling to the 
Cryer and Bell-Ringer of the Mayor's Court. 

II. And Be it Further Ordained, by the authority 
aforesaid^ That every Person hereafter to be made 
Free of this City, shall take such oath of Allegiance 
to the State of New York, as is now or hereafter shall 
be established by Law, before the Mayor, Deputy 
Mayor, and any Four or more of the Aldermen ; and^ 
also the following Oath or Affirmation, to wit : I, A. 
B., do swear (or solemnly Affirm, as the Case may be) 
that I, as a Freeman of the City of New York, will 
maintain the lawful Franchises and Customs thereof, 
and keep the same City harmless as much as in me 
lieth, and that I will in all Things do my Duty as a 
good and faithful Freeman of the same City ought to 
do. So Help me GOD. 

Laws and Ordinances of New York City, March 2i)tA,, 1786, page 4. 



At a Common Council held 12th. Day of July, 1786. 

David Ackerman sworn and admitted a Freeman 
of this City and ordered to be registered. 



At a Common Council held the 19th. Day of July, 

1786. 

John Johnson admitted and sworn a Freeman of 
this City and ordered to be registered. 



276 , FREEMEN, 1 786. 

At a Common Council held the 14th. Day of October, 

1786. 

The following Persons were admitted and sworn as 
Freemen of this City and ordered to be registered, 
viz. : 

Elijah Price, Taylor, 

Wm. Grinding, Brewer, 

Edward McHugo, Shoemaker, 

Lewis Harrington, Shoemaker, 

Thomas Kennedy, Weaver, 

Lewis Andrew Gautier, Farmer, 

James Whitlock, Taylor, 

John Fleming, Shoemaker, 

Ephraim Ross, Weaver, 

Benjamin McDowall, Shoemaker, 

William Willis, Hatter, 
ames Graison, Farmer, 
ames K. Delaplaine, Watchmaker, 

"Bernard C. Schuyler, Blacksmith, 

James Irvin, Farmer, 

Isaac Doughty, Labourer, 

George Albert, Labourer, 

John Wessels, Boatman, 

James King, Labourer, 

John Kyser, Tanner, 

Samuel Chandler, Labourer. 



At a Common Council held the i8th. Day of Octo- 
ber, 1786. 

Henry Lines and James Purdy, Labourers, were 
admitted and sworn Freemen of this City and ordered 
to be registered. 

At a Common Council held the ist. Day of Novem- 
ber, 1786. 

The following Persons were admitted and sworn 



FREEMEN, 1 786-7. 277 

Freemen of this City and ordered to be registered, 
viz. : 

John Anderson^ Mariner, 

Ralph Hodge, Barber, 

John Martin, White Smith. 



At a Common Council held the 15th. Day of Novem- 
ber, 1786. 

George Titler, Cabinetmaker, 

John Webster, Labourer, 
were admitted and sworn Freemen of this City and 
ordered to be registered. 



At a Common Council held the 27th. Day of Decem 

ber, 1786. 

David Schaats, Labourer, 

Ezekiel DeCamp, Labourer, 
were admitted and jsworn Freemen of this City and 
ordered to be registered. 



At a Common Council held the 31st. Day of January^ 

1787. 

Charles Van Norden, 

Benjamin Lawrence, 

Peter Van Bommel, 
were severally admitted and sworn Freemen of this 
City. 

At a Common Council held the 14th. Day of March, 

1787. 

Samuel Delamater, Cordwainer, 
John Shick, Blacksmith, 
were admitted and sworn Freemen of this City. 



278 FREEMEN, I 787. 

At a Common Council held the 9th. Day of May, 

1787. 

acob Demarest, Labourer, 

ohn Bogert, Labourer, 
Amos Munday, Labourer, 
were severally sworn and admitted Freemen of this 
City and ordered to be registered. 



At a Common Council held the i6th. Day of May, 

1787. 

The following Persons were admitted and sworn 
Freemen of this City and ordered to be registered. 

John Austin, Chocolate Maker, 
Charles McLean, Grocer, 
Abraham Bond, Carpenter, 
Peter Lawrence, Blacksmith, 
William Brown, Chair Maker, 

acob Tiers, Butcher, 

ohn Ross, Taylor, 
Gideon Carstang, Ropemaker, 
Peter Bolmer, Blacksmith. 
Charles Hedenberg, Shoe Maker, 
Henry Bausher, Blacksmith, 
John Murray, Blacksmith, 
Samuel Valleau, Taylor, 
Nicholas Van Antwerp, Ironmonger, 
James Moore, Baker, 
John Doughty, Grocer, 
Robert Carter, Cabinet Maker, 
James W. Lent, Cooper, 
Stephen Rose, Cooper, 
Gerardus Burger, Blacksmith, 
Thomas Bruen, Last and Heel Maker, 
Benjamin Shepard, Cooper, 
Gerrit Walgrove, Cooper, 
Joseph Smith, Grocer, 



FREEMEN, 1 787. 279 

Morris Smith, Innholder, 
Thomas Burrows, Carpenter, 
John Young, Cordwainer, 
Edward Patten, Taylor, 
Joseph Corre, Innkeeper, 
John Divine, Shoemaker. 



At a Common Council held the 20th. Day of June, 

1787. 

The following Persons were admitted and sworn 
Freemen of this City and ordered to be registered. 

William Mooney, Upholsterer, 

Henry Mitchell, Watchmaker, 

Thomas Franklin Jun^, Ironmonger, 

Thomas Underhill, Silversmith, 

James Kipp, Brass Founder, 

Abel W. Hardenbrook, Tin Plate Worker, 

William Dean, Cooper, 

Daniel Lawrence, Shipwright, 

Daniel Stansbury, Tanner and Currier, 

James Sculthorpe, Tanner and Currier, 

Joel Post, Butcher, 

John DeGroot, Shipwright, 

Frederick Mabie, Shoemaker, 

Thomas Drake, Shipwright, 

Stephen Coles, Distiller, 

Jacob Morris, Cooper, 

William Cowenhoven, Hatter, 

Henry Rogers, Carpenter, 

John Rose, Carpenter, 

Daniel Bayles, Shipwright, 

Cornelius Warner, Carpenter, 

Matthew Bird, Carpenter, 

Caleb Pell, Coppersmith, 

John Smith, Carpenter, 

Isaac Asten, Cordwainer, 



28o FREEMEN, 1 787. 

Dow Tallman, Carpenter, 
David Vanderbeeck, Blacksmith, 
Anthony Brown, Carpenter, 
James Quackenbush, Shopkeeper, 
William Nichols, Blacksmith, 
William Hopson, Butcher, 
Adam Van Orden, Shoemaker, 
Jonathan Traphagen, Carpenter, 
Barnet Simonson, Grocer. 



At a Common Council held the 2d. Day of July, 1787. 

William McKenney, Stone Cutter, 

John Jebine, a City Marshal, 

James Targay, Labourer, 
were respectfully admitted and sworn Freemen of this 
City. 



At 'a Common Council held the 12th. Day of July, 

1787. 

Isaac Meyer, Labourer, 
was sworn and admitted a Freeman of this City. 



At a Common Council held the 20th. Day of July, 

1787. 

ohn Spies, Shoemaker, 
oseph Earl, Carpenter, 
Henry Stanton, Labourer, 
George Ennis, Labourer, 
Benjamin Smith, Labourer, 
were severally admitted and sworn Freemen of this 
ity. 



FREEMEN, I 787. 28 1 

At a Common Council held the ist. Day of August, 

1787. 

Daniel Van Antwerp, Grocer, 
EHas DeGrushe, Ropemaker, 
John Dennison, Labourer, 
were admitted and sworn Freemen of this City. 



At a Common Council held the 24th. Day of Octo- 
ber, 1787. 

John Harrison, Cordwainer, 

James Reid, Labourer, 

Samuel Littick, Labourer, 

John Lovet, Labourer, 
were respectively admitted and sworn Freemen of this 
City. 

At a Common Council held the 31st. Day of October, 

1787. 

Lambert Andrieson, Labourer, 
Philip Burgin, Cooper, 
Gilbert WoodhuU, Grocer, 
were admitted and sworn Freemen of this City. 



At a Common Council held the 21st. Day of Novem- 
ber, 1787. 

Jeremiah Stone, Labourer, 

Jonas Roe, Labourer, 

Anthony Tiebout, Labourer, 
were severally admitted and sworn Freemen of this 
City. 

At a Common Council held the 1 2th. Day of Decem- 
ber, 1787. 

Barney Egberts, Labourer, 
was admitted and sworn a Freeman of this City. 



282 FREEMEN, I 788. 

At a Common Council held the 12th. Day of January, 

1 788. 

James Snow, Labourer, 
Richard Robertson, Tanner, 
were admitted and sworn Freemen of this City. 



At a Common Council held the 20th. Day of 

February, 1788. 

James Teller, Hatter, 
was admitted and sworn a Freeman of this City. 



At a Common Council held the 9th. Day of April, 

1788. 

John Leacock, Labourer, 
was admitted and sworn a Freeman of this City. 



At a Common Council held the 30th. Day of April, 

1788. 

David Lisk, Labourer, 

Lucas Van Buskirk, Labourer, 

John Bogert, Labourer, 

Abraham Storm, Labourer, 

William Parsel, Labourer, 

Jacob Roll, Labourer, 

Simon Demarest, Labourer, 
were severally admitted and sworn Freemen of this 
City. 

At a Common Council held the 14th. Day of May, 

1788. 

The following Persons were admitted and sworn as 
Freemen of this City, viz. : 



FREEMEN, 1 788. 283 

James Mathers, Labourer, 
James Moj-rell, Labourer, 
Matthias Hack, Labourer, 
Thomas Jaycocks, Labourer, 
Richard Westervelt, Labourer, 
William Smith, Labourer, 
George Beekman, Labourer, 
Lucas Kip, Labourer, 
Anderson French, Labourer, 
Cornelius Westervelt, Labourer, 
William Ryer, Labourer, 
Edmund Butler, Labourer, 
Abraham Van Blarcum, Labourer, 
Nathaniel Morrison, Labourer, 
William Butler, Labourer, 
Frederick Long, Labourer, 
John Cottle, Labourer. 



At a Common Council held the 5th. Day of June, 

1788. 

Isaac Hadley, Labourer, 
was admitted and sworn a Freeman of this City. 



At a Common Council held the 31st. Day of July, 

1788. 

John Edwards, Labourer, 
Valentine Tier, Labourer, 
William Hillyer, Labourer, 
were admitted and sworn Freemen of this City. 



At a Common Council heldt he 27th. Day of August, 

1788. 

Cornelius Meyer Jun^, Labourer, 
John DePue, Labourer, 



284 FREEMEN, 1 788-9. 

Edward Grant, Labourer, 

Thomas Lefoy, Hatter, 
were severally admitted and sworn Freemen of this 
City. 

At a Common Council held the loth. Day of Septem- 
ber, 1788. 

Garret Bartholph, Labourer, 
John McLean, Labourer, 
Joseph Bailey, Labourer, 
Philip Cockrem, Grocer, 
were admitted and sworn Freemen of this City. 



At a Common Council held the 24th. Day of Septem- 
ber, 1788. 

Samuel Gautier, Taylor, 

John Johnson, Marriner, 

Thomas P. Van Nostrandt, Blockmaker, 

Joseph Trow, Labourer, 

Robert McCuUen, Cooper, 
were severally admitted and sworn Freemen of this 
City. 

At a Common Council held the 14th. Day of October, 

1788. 

James Watson, Merchant, 
was admitted and sworn a Freeman of this City. 



At a Common Council held the ist Day of April, 

1789. 

Robert Johnston, Shopkeeper, 
ohn Wool, Heelmaker, 
ohn Van Osdall, [Arsdale] Boatman, 



FREEMEN, I 789. 285 

Cornelius Mabie, Labourer, 

ohn Fistan, Blacksmith, 

ohn Van Houten, Blacksmith, 

ohn Ackerman, Innholder, 

acob Shourt, Blacksmith, 
were severally admitted and sworn Freemen of this 
City. 



At a Common Council held the 15th. Day of April, 

1789. 

Jonathan Lawrence Jun^, 
was admitted and sworn a Freeman of this City. 



At a Common Council held the 5th. Day of June, 

1789. 

Philip Ruckell, Labourer, 
was admitted and sworn a Freeman of this City. 



At a Common Council held the 30th. Day of June, 

1789. 

Hugh Montgomery, Mariner, 
was admitted and sworn a Freeman of this City. 



At a Common Council held the i6th. Day of Septem- 
ber, 1789. 

Peter Deconty, 
Andrew Blank, Cartman, 
Abraham Brower, Blacksmith, 
were admitted and sworn as Freemen of this City. 



286 FREEMEN, 1 789. 

At a Common Council held the 12th. Day of October, 

1789. 

Richard Smith, Labourer, 
was admitted and sworn a Freeman of this City. 

The following Resolutions were agreed to by the 
Board, viz. : 

Whereas, Major Pierre C. L'Enfant having at the 
Request of the Citizens furnished a plan for altering 
and improving the City Hall, so as to render it suita- 
ble for the reception and accommodation of the Con- 
gress of the United States, generously undertook to 
superintend and direct the Work : and in the execu- 
tion thereof hath displayed a highly distinguished 
Degree of Skill and Taste in Architecture, and hath 
moreover exerted uncommon Zeal and Industry in 
accomplishing the said Design, notwithstanding the 
unfavorable Season in which it was undertaken, and 
the said Hall from his Talents and Exertions hath 
become a signal Ornament of this City and a Monu- 
ment of the Munificence of the Citizens. 

Resolved, therefore, that the Thanks of this Board 
be presented to the said Major L'Enfant for his emi- 
nent Services in forming and executing the said Plan, 
and that the Freedom of this City be presented to him 
under the common Seal of the Corporation as a Proof 
of their Esteem. 

Resolved, also, that this Corporation, as a further 
proof of their Sense of the Services of the said 
Major L'Enfant in the premises, will convey to him 
in fee a Lot of their common Land containing the 
quantity of Ten Acres in such place as shall be agreed 
upon by a Committee of this Board. 

Ordered that Alderman Bayard and Messrs. T. Van 
Zandt and Janeway be the Committee to fix on the 
plans for locating the said Lot as aforesaid.* 

* December yith,^ 1789. The Committee reported the selection of ten acres of 
the Common Lands between the land of David Provoost and the Post Road 



FREEMEN, I79O. 287 

At a Common Council held the 19th. Day of March, 

1790. 

Benjamin Egberts, Grocer, 

Frederick Devoue, Grocer, 

were admitted and sworn as Freemen of this City. 



At a Common Council held the 26th. Day of March, 

1790. 

Samuel Bell, Cabinetmaker, 
was admitted and sworn a Freeman of this City. 



At a Common Council held the 14th. Day of May, 

1790. 

Isaiah Wool, Stonecutter, 
was admitted and sworn a Freeman of this City. 



At a Common Council held the 1 7th. Day of Septem- 
ber, 1790. 

John Hillyer, Cooper, 
was admitted and sworn a Freeman of this City. 



At a Common Council held the 24th. Day of Septem- 
ber, 1790. 

Abraham Martling, Labourer, 
was admitted and sworn a Freeman of this City. 

(Third Avenue between 68th and 69th Streets). It was ordered that a city sur- 
veyor lay out the lands approved of. May iiM., 1790. The Major refused the 
gift of land. January 26tA,t 1801. A Memorial of Major P. Charles L'Enfant 
was presented to the Common Council claiming compensation for his services in 
planning and directing the improvements made to the City Hall in the year 1789. 
It was ordered that the sum of $750 be paid to Major L'Enfant in full discharge 
of all claims against the Corporation for his services. February ittA., 1801. A 
letter from the Major declining the*appropriation [of $750 and asking for a larger 
sum, was read. The Common Council determined not*fo reconsider the subject. 



288 FREEMEN, I 79 1. 

At a Common Council held the 17th. Day of January, 

1791. 

On Motion of Mr. Pintard : 

Resolved, that the Freedom of this City be presented 
to the Honourable Horatio Gates Esq'., late Major 
General in the Army of the United States of America. 

Ordered that the Aldermen and Assistants of the 
East Ward [Daniel McCormick and John Pintard] 
prepare the Draft of a Certificate for that purpose. 



At a Common Council held the 25th. Day of 

February, 179 

The Committee for the purpose appointed reported 
the Draft of a Certificate to General Gates on his 
admission to the Freedom of this City, which was 
read and approved of by the Board in the words 
following : 



J 



^'y^"^ >ss 

New York, ^ ^^• 

By Richard Varick Esq^, Mayor, and the Recorder, 
Aldermen, and Assistants of the City of New York in 
Common Council convened. 

To all People to whom these Presents shall come 
or may concern, Greeting. 

Know ye that we, being mindful of the distinguished 
Merit of the Honourable Horatio Gates Esq^, late a 
Major General in the Armies of the United States of 
America, Have received and admitted, and by these 
Presents Do receive and admit, the 'said Horatio 
Gates to be a Free-Man of the said City of New 
York, within the limits of which he hath lately chosen 
his Residence, to hold, exercise, and enjoy all the 
Privileges, advantages, and Immunities to the Free- 
dom of the said City incident and appertaining: As a 



FREEMEN, 1 79 1. [289 

public Mark of the Sense we entertain of his Services, 
of our Esteem for him personally and of the Interest 
we take in his Happiness. 

In Testimony whereof we have caused the public 
Seal of the said City to be hereunto affixed. Witness 
Richard Varick Esq^, Mayor of the said City, the 25th. 
day of February in the Year of our Lord 1791, and of 
the Independence of the United States the fifteenth. 

Ordered, that the Seal of this Corporation be affixed 
thereto, and that Mr. Mayor be pleased to subscribe 
and present the same in such manner as he shall judge 
most respectful and proper. 



At a Common Council held the 29th. Day of March, 

1791. 

ohn Pintard, Merchant, 
oseph Mallenbrey, Surgeon, 
William Collet, Coachmaker, 
were admitted and sworn Freemen of this City. 



At a Common Council held the 2d Day of May, 1791. 

Mr. Mayor reported that he had waited on the 
Honourable Horatio Gates, and in the name of the 
Board presented him with the certificate of his being 
made a Freeman of this City, and that he received 
the same with great satisfaction and requested Mr. 
Mayor on his behalf to return the Board his Thanks 
for their polite attention towards him. 



At a Common Council held the 30th. Day of May, 

1791. 

Gardiner Baker, Cordwainer, 
was admitted and sworn a Freeman of this City. 

19 



290 FREEMEN, 179I-3. 

At a Common Council held the 24th. Day of June, 

1791. 

John Hoogland, Sadler, 
Jeremiah Ward Wool, Silversmith, 
were admitted to the Freedom of this City. 



At a Common Council held the 1 2th. Day of Septem- 
ber, 1 791. 

John C Crygier, Grocer, 
John S. Delamater, Taylor, 
were admitted and sworn Freemen of this City. 



At a Common Council held the 12th. Day of March, 

1792. 

James Stuart, Grocer, 
was admitted and sworn a Freeman of this City. 



At a Common Council held the 4th. Day of June, 

1792. 

John Fox, Grocer, 
was admitted and sworn a Freeman of this City. 



At a Common Council held the loth. Day of Septem- 
ber, 1792. 

Peter Wynkoop, Baker, 
was admitted and sworn a Freeman of this City. 



At a Meeting at the Mayor's Office on Saturday, the 

28th Day of September, 1/93. 

Jedediah Waterman, Chocolatemaker, 
Azariah Dunham, Labourer, 



FREEMEN, I 795-6. 29 1 

David Covert, Labourer, 

John Seaman, Labourer, 

were admitted and sworn Freemen of this City. 



At a Common Council held the i6th. Day of March, 

1795. 

Ordered that as a Testimony of the high Sense 
this Board entertain of the public Services of Alex- 
ander Hamilton, especially in the administration of 
the Office of Secretary of the Treasury of the United 
States, He be presented with the Freedom of this 
City. 



At a Common Council held the i8th. Day of May, 

1795. 

A letter from Alexander Hamilton Esq'., to Mr. 
Mayor, was read setting forth, that he had received 
the letter from Mr. Mayor covering his Certificate of 
the Freedom of this City, that among the precious 
Testimonies he had received of the approbation of his 
immediate fellow Citizens none was more acceptable 
or more flattering to him than that which he now 
acknowledged, and requesting Mr. Mayor to convey 
to this Board the Expressions of his high Sense of 
the Honour they had done him (which he shall be 
happy on every opportunity of manifesting) as well as 
his sincere Respect for themselves. 



At a Common Council held the 26th. Day of Septem- 
ber, 1796. 

James C. Brasher, Taylor, 
was admitted and sworn a Freeman of this City. 



292 FREEMEN, 1 796. 

At a Common Council held the 7th. Day of October, 

1796. 

Jacob Delamontagnie attended the Board and ad- 
mitted that he was not a Freeman of this City. That 
he was a Freeholder in the Third and Seventh Wards 
previous to the election of Charter Officers on the 
29th. of September last. That he was in treaty for 
the purchase of a Freehold estate in the Sixth Ward, 
for which he was returned Alderman elect, previous to 
the said election, but that the said purchase was not 
completed until after the said election. 

Ordered, that the consideration of the subject be 
postponed till Monday afternoon next [October loth.] 
when Mr. Delamontagnie will be heard, if he has any- 
thing to offer himself or by Council. 



At a Common Council held the loth. Day of October, 

1796. 

The Board proceeded to the question on the eligi- 
bility of Jacob Delamontagnie to hold the office of 
Alderman of the Sixth Ward, and it appearing from his 
admission that he was not a Freeman of this City, nor 
a- Freeholder in the said Ward, at or before the late 
election in the said Ward. Whereupon the Board 
determined unanimously that he was ineligible to hold 
the said office. 



At a Common Council held the 1 7th. Day of October, 

1796. 

acob Delamontagnie, Gentleman,* 
ohn A. Wolfe, Cordwainer, 
ohn P. Pearss, Merchant, 

* A special election for Alderman of the Sixth Ward was held October 26th., 
1796, when Mr. Delamontagnie was again returned, and took his seat at the next 
meeting of the Board. 



FREEMEN, IJgt-f. 293 

John p. Anthony, Tanner and Currier, 
Abraham Boudonire, Hatter, 
were admitted and sworn as Freemen of this City. 



At a Common Council held the 24th. Day of October, 

1796. 

George Snowdon, Ship Chandler, 
Andrew Anderson, Cabinetmaker, 
were admitted and sworn as Freemen of this City. 



At a Common Council held the 14th. Day of Novem- 
ber, 1796. 

Jeremiah Marshall, Inspector of Lumber, 
was admitted and sworn a Freeman of this City. 



At a Common Council held the 19th. Day of Decem- 
ber, 1796. 

Brigadier General Donald Campbell, 
was admitted and sworn a Freeman of this City. 



At a Common Council held the 9th. Day of January, 

1797. 

Andrew Newell, Cooper, 
Nicholas G. Carmer, Merchant, 
were admitted and sworn as Freemen of this City. 



At a Common Council held the 29th. Day of February, 

1797- 

Henry Verveeden, Grocer, 
was admitted and sworn a Freeman of this City. 



294 FREEMEN, \^^^. 

At a Common Council held the 25th. Day of February, 

1797. 

Jasper Ward, Merchant, 
was admitted and sworn a Freeman of this City. 



At a Common Council held the 27th. Day of February, 

1797. 

Cary Dunn Jun'., Gentleman, 
was admitted and sworn a Freeman of this City. 



A Law to regulate the admission of Freemen in the 

City of New York. 

Be it Ordained by the Mayor y Aldermen^ and Com- 
nt07ialty of the City of New York in Co7nmon Council 
convened, and it is hereby Ordained by the Autfiority 
of the same, That each Person hereafter to be ad- 
mitted, and made a Freeman of the said City (who 
was not born within the said City or served a regular 
Apprenticeship of Seven Years within the same), shall 
pay as follows, to wit : A Merchant, Trader or Shop- 
keeper, the sum of Five Poimds, and a Mechanic the 
sum of Twenty Shillings for the Use of the Corpora- 
tion of the said City ; and that every Person, on being 
admitted and made free as aforesaid, shall pay the fol- 
lowing Fees, to wit: Eight Shillings to the Mayor, 
Seven Shillings and Six Pence to the Clerk, and O^ie 
Shilling to the Cryer of the Mayor s Court. 

And further, That each person to be admitted and 
made a Freeman of the said City shall take before 
the Mayor and any four of the Aldermen the following 
oath or afifirmation, to wit : 

I do swear (or afifirm, as the Case may be). That I, 
as a Freeman of the City of New York, will maintain 
the lawful Franchises and Customs thereof ; that I will 
keep the said City from Harm as much as in me lieth, 



FREEMEN, 1 797- 295 

and that I will in all Things do my Duty as a good 
and faithful Freeman of the said City ought to do. 

Laws and Ordinances of the City of New York^ May 1st,, 1797, page 6. 



At a Common Council held the 17th. Day of April, 

1797. 

James Kent Esq^ 
was admitted and sworn a Freeman of this City. 

James Kent Esq', attended and produced a Com- 
mission under the Great Seal of the State appointing 
him to the Office oif Recorder of this City. Where- 
upon he took and subscribed the Oaths prescribed and 
directed by Law and the Charter of this City, and 
took his seat accordingly. 



At a Common Council held the 26th. Day of June, 

1797. 

Archibald Kerby, Gentleman, 
was admitted and sworn a Freeman of this City. 



At a Common Council held the i8th. Day of Septem- 
ber, 1797. 

Philip Fulkerson, Porter, 
Edmund Washburn, Yeoman, 
Lewis Smith, Carpenter, 
were admitted and sworn as Freemen of this City. 



At a Common Council held the 25th. Day of Septem- 
ber, 1797. 

George Harsin, Taylor, 
Joseph Dunkley, Grocer, 
were admitted and sworn as Freemen of this City. 



294 FREEMEN, 1 797. 

At a Common Council held the 25th. Day of February, 

1797. 

Jasper Ward, Merchant, 
was admitted and sworn a Freeman of this City. 



At a Common Council held the 27th. Day of February, 

1797. 

Cary Dunn Jun'., Gentleman, 
was admitted and sworn a Freeman of this City. 



A Law to regulate the admission of Freemen in the 

City of New York. 

Be it Ordained by the Mayor, Aldermen, and Com- 
moftally of the City of New York in Co7nmo7t Council 
convened, and it is hereby Ordained by the Autfiority 
of the sa7ne, That each Person hereafter to be ad- 
mitted, and made a Freeman of the said City (who 
was not born within the said City or served a regular 
Apprenticeship of Seven Years within the same), shall 
pay as follows, to wit : A Merchant, Trader or Shop- 
keeper, the sum of Five Pounds, and a Mechanic the 
sum of Twenty Shillings for the Use of the Corpora- 
tion of the said City ; and that every Person, on being 
admitted and made free as aforesaid, shall pay the fol- 
lowing Fees, to wit: Eight Shillings to the Mayor, 
Scvc7i Shillings and Six Pence to the Clerk, and One 
Shilling to the Cryer of the Mayor s Court. 

And further, That each person to be admitted and 
made a Freeman of the said City shall take before 
the Mayor and any four of the Aldermen the following 
oath or afifirmation, to wit : 

I do swear (or affirm, as the Case may be), That I, 
as a Freeman of the City of New York, will maintain 
the lawful Franchises and Customs thereof; that I will 
keep the said City from Harm as much as in me lieth, 



FREEMEN, 1 797- 295 

and that I will in all Things do my Duty as a good 
and faithful Freeman of the said City ought to do. 

Laws and Ordinances of the City of New York^ May 1st,, 1797, page 6. 



At a Common Council held the 17th. Day of April, 

1797. 

James Kent Esq', 
was admitted and sworn a Freeman of this City. 

James Kent Esq', attended and produced a Com- 
mission under the Great Seal of the State appointing 
him to the Office of Recorder of this City. Where- 
upon he took and subscribed the Oaths prescribed and 
directed by Law and the Charter of this City, and 
took his seat accordingly. 



At a Common Council held the 26th. Day of June, 

1797. 

Archibald Kerby, Gentleman, 
was admitted and sworn a Freeman of this City. 



At a Common Council held the i8th. Day of Septem- 
ber, 1797. 

Philip Fulkerson, Porter, 
Edmund Washburn, Yeoman, 
Lewis Smith, Carpenter, 
were admitted and sworn as Freemen of this City. 



At a Common Council held the 25th. Day of Septem- 
ber, 1797. 

George Harsin, Taylor, 
Joseph Dunkley, Grocer, 
were admitted and sworn as Freemen of this City. 



290 FREEMEN, I797-80. 

At a Common Council held the 14th. Day of October, 

1797. 

Samuel Montgomery, Windsor Chairmaker, 
was admitted and sworn a Freeman of this City. 



At a Common Council held the 26th. Day of March, 

1 799. 

John Bogert Esq^, Merchant, 
Nicholas Carmer, Merchant, 
were admitted and sworn as Freemen of this City. 



At a Common Council held the 14th. Day of October, 

1799. 

Philip Ten Eyck, Book Storekeeper and Stationer, 
was admitted and sworn a Freeman of this City. 



At a Common Council held the 20th. Day of October, 

1800. 

William Peterson, Cordwainer, 
was admitted and sworn a Freeman of this City. 



At a Common Council held the 27th. Day of October, 

1800. 

Anthony Rutgers, one of the Wardens of the Port, 
was admitted and sworn a Freeman of this City. 



At a Common Council held the 3d. Day of November, 

1800. 

Philip Brasher Esq'., Attorney at Law, 

Joseph Gilmore, Taylor, 
were respectively admitted and sworn as Freemen of 
this City. 



FREEMEN, 1801. 297 

Extract from An Act relative to the election of Char- 
ter Officers, and relative to Weigh-masters in the 
City of New York. Passed by the Legislature of 
New York, April 7th., .1801. 

And be it further enacted. That no person shall 
vote as a Freeholder at any of the said elections, 
unless he shall be possessed of a freehold estate, in 
lands or tenements in his own right, or that of his 
wife, to the value of fifty dollars over and above all 
the debts charged thereon, within the ward where he 
shall vote, and shall have possessed the same (except 
it came to him by descent or devise) at least one 
month before the day of such election. 

And further y That no person shall vote as a Free- 
man of the said City, at any of the said elections, 
unless he shall have been admitted to the freedom of 
the said city at least three months, and have actually 
resided in the ward for which he shall so vote at least 
for one month, before the day of such election. 

And fur t her y That every person offering to vote 
as a Freeholder at any such election shall, before he 
be admitted to vote, take the following oath, if re- 
quired so to do by the inspector of such election, that 
is to say ; ** I do solemnly and sincerely swear and 
declare that I am a Freeholder, and that I hold my 
estate by descent or devise (if such shall be the case, 
or if he shall not so hold, then), and that I have been 
so for one month next preceding this election, and 
possessed in my own right (or in my wife's right) (as 
the case may be) of a freehold of the value of fifty 
dollars in the ward in which I now offer to vote ; that 
I do not hold the same in trust for any body politic 
or corporate, or for any pious or religious use whatso- 
ever ; that I have not before been polled at this elec- 
tion by virtue of the said freehold, and that I have 
not procured the said freehold under any obligation or 
promise to convey the same to any other person after 
this election." And in like manner every person offer- 



298 FREEMEN, 180I. 

ing to vote as a Freeman of the said City, at any such 
election, shall, if required so to do by the said inspector, 
take the following oath before he shall be admitted 
to vote at such election, that is to say : ** I do solemnly 
and sincerely swear and declare in the presence of 
Almighty God, that I am, and have been for three 
months last past, a Freeman of the city of New York, 
and have actually resided in the ward in which I now 
offer to vote, for one month last past, and that I have 
not been before polled at this election ; and if any 
person offering to vote as a Freeholder or Freeman, as 
aforesaid, shall refuse to take the oath above pre- 
scribed to be by him taken, when thereunto required 
by the inspector as aforesaid, his vote shall be rejected." 



A Law to regulate the admission of Freemen in the 

City of New York. 

Be it 07'dained by the Mayor, Aldermen, and Com- 
mo7ialty of the City of New York in Cotmno^i Council 
convened. That each person hereafter to be admitted 
and made a Freeman of the said city (other than such 
as were born or have served a regular apprenticeship 
of seven years within the same) shall pay as follows, to 
wit : A merchant, trader or shopkeeper, the sum of 
twelve dollars and fifty ceftts, and a mechanic the sum 
of two dollars and fifty cents, for the use of the cor- 
poration of the said city; and that every person on 
being admitted and made free, as aforesaid, shall pay 
the following fees, to wit : One dollar to the clerk, 
and twejity-five ce?its to the crier of the Mayor's court. 

Afid further, That each person hereafter to be 
admitted and made a Freeman of the said city shall 
take, before the Mayor and any four of the Aldermen, 
the following oath or affirmation, to wit : 

I do swear, or affirm (as the case may be). That I, 
as a Freeman of the city of New York, will maintain 



FREEMEN, 180I. 299 

the lawful franchises and customs thereof ; that I will 
keep the said city from harm as much as in me lieth, 
and that I will in all things do my duty as a good and 
faithful Freeman of the said city ought to do. 

Laws and Ordinances of tht City of New York, April 27M., 1801, page 6. 



City Charter. We are happy to learn that the 
necessity of an application to the Legislature for a 
revision of the City Charter has been taken into con- 
sideration by the Common Council. The Charter of 
this City has for a long time been a source of com- 
plaint to our fellow citzens, and occasionally attracted 
the attention of our State Legislature. Many of the 
regulations and provisions it contains for the govern- 
ment of the City, by lapse of time, and a total change 
of circumstances, become useless ; others improper, 
and some oppressive. It has been an opinion propa- 
gated with some zeal, and more generally received 
than adjust consideration of the subject will warrant, 
that legislative interference would be improper unless 
formally solicited by members of the corporation. 
This is a position which, if admitted, is calculated to 
involve us in endless inconveniences, and tending in 
its consequences to perpetuate the mischiefs under 
which we labour. It is, moreover, so repugnant to 
the nature of all our civil institutions, that, upon an 
impartial investigation, we trust it will be abandoned 
by its advocates. A doctrine tending to raise a cor- 
porate body of this nature above legislative power, 
and make it paramount, in effect, to the constitution 
under which we live, appears to us pregnant with 
calamity and danger. Hitherto the gentlemen who 
have successively composed the Common Council do 
not appear to have been impressed with the necessity 
of amendment, and have withheld their consent to an 
alteration of such parts of the Charter as have been 
found oppressive by experience, because they contend 



300 FREEMEN, l802. 

that its most objectionable provisions have not been 
enforced for many years. What reasons have pro- 
duced this determination we are at a loss to ascertain. 
That it originated in interested motives, or in views 
inimical to the true interests of the city, we never can 
admit without reluctance ; but a perseverance in this 
opposition to the wishes of a large majority of the 
citizens, cannot fail, in the end, to produce these 
unpleasant impressions. It appears to us a singular 
instance of attachment to the unwholesome regula- 
tions of former times. The design that the Charter 
should be revised has not its origin in the wild spirit 
of innovation, but arises from evils and inconvenience 
daily felt ; from a conviction that, in its present 
form, it is incompetent to ensure to the inhabitants of 
this city a useful and efficient government. By a 
perusal of the Charter it will be perceived that, before 
the revolution, it experienced revisions in order to 
adapt it to the circumstance and the spirit of the 
times ; and what, it may be asked, has since placed it 
beyond the control of the sovereign power of the 
State ? The Legislature, it is to be hoped, will view 
the subject in a proper light, and we are inclined to 
believe that a respectful petition from our fellow citi- 
zens will meet with suitable attention, particularly if 
sanctioned by the approbation of the present mem- 
bers of the Common Council. In viewing this subject, 
we are far from believing that the Charter should be 
hastily prostrated ; but we do believe that it is suscep- 
tible of salutary amendments. It is not for us to dic- 
tate, but we would suggest the propriety of the early 
adoption of some measures by our citizens for the 
accomplishment of so desirable an object, either by a 
general meeting of the citizens, or by meetings in the 
respective wards, to appoint a general committee to 
pursue such measures as may be thought advisable, 
and best calculated to produce the desired effect. 

Morning Chronicle, Deumber ilth,^ l8o2. 



FREEMEN, l802. 3OI 

To the Editor of the Morning Chronicle. 

Sir : With great pleasure I observed in the Chroni- 
cle of yesterday a paragraph suggesting the propriety 
of adopting measures to obtain a revision and altera- 
tion of the Charter of this City ; it is a subject which 
requires the attention and exertion of the citizens, 
and it is to be hoped will be pursued with that zeal 
and spirit which its importance demands ; at the same 
time paying a due respect to the constituted authori- 
ties, and the opinions of each of our fellow citizens, if 
any such there are, who may think a revision of the 
Charter unnecessary or inexpedient. 

When, and as often as, the people experience incon- 
venience from the operation of laws, or any public 
instrument whereby their rights and privileges are 
affected, or the safety of the community endangered, 
they have an incontestable right to appeal to the 
Legislature for redress. 

The public mind, for a long time past, has been 
much agitated upon the subject of the Charter. 
Several applications have been made to the Legisla- 
ture for redress ; but the difference of political senti- 
ments which prevailed in the Senate and House of 
Assembly has hitherto rendered abortive every effort 
to make the Charter (which was oljtained while 
America was under the dominion of the King of Great 
Britain) more congenial to the principles of republi- 
canism, and consistent with the laws and constitution 
of our country. 

The several grievances of which the people com- 
plain are : 

First. By the Charter — "On the feast of St. 
Michael the archangel in every year, the Freemen of 
the City, being inhabitants thereof, and the Free- 
holders of the several wards, shall and may assemble 
themselves and meet together at such time of the day, 
and at such public place in each of the said wards, as 
the respective Aldermen, for each respective ward, for 
the time being shall appoint ; and then and there, by 



302 FREEMEN, l802. 

plurality of voices or votes, to elect and choose out of 
the inhabitants of each respective ward, being Free- 
holders there, or Freemen of the said City (except for 
the out ward), one Alderman, etc.," for the ensuing 
year. 

By a construction given to this clause of the Char- 
ter, none but Freemen and Freeholders have a right 
to interfere in the election of Charter Officers ; and if 
one man owns a freehold of the value of fifty dollars* 
in every ward, his right to vote is extended to all the 
wards. This is unequal, for that one man, merely by 
the effect of chance (as it happens in many instances), 
has privileges far beyond what more meritorious 
characters enjoy ; unjust, because it extends that in- 
fluence which arises from wealth, over the suffrage of 
the poor but honest man, and which the constitution 
and laws of the State wisely intended to prevent. In 
this clause of the Charter, then, there is a great 
grievance, as far as relates to the right of Freeholders 
voting in every ward. 

Seco7idly. As far as it relates to Freemen — By the 
Charter, the Mayor and four or more of the Alder- 
men, have the power of making free citizens, and the 
Charter expressly interdicts all persons except free 
citizens, from using any art, trade, mystery or occupa- 
tion, within tlie City. Thus a power is vested in the 
Mayor and the Corporation (if capriciously disposed), 
to prevent all persons, let their characters and stand- 
ing in society be ever so exalted, from obtaining the 
freedom of the City, and without which any person 
may be prohibited from pursuing any calling, however 
necessary for himself or useful to the public. In this, 
therefore, there is a manifest grievance, and more 
particularly so, when it is considered that the Charter 
Officers are to be chosen by the Freeholders, and 
Freemen of the City, of which the former are the 

* By the 6th section of the law of the Legislature of this State, relative to the 
election of Charter Oflicers in this City, passed 7ih. April, iSoi, the qualification 
of a Freeholder to vote is limited at fifty dollars. 



FREEMEN, l802. 303 

greater number ; and those who are not Freemen or 
Freeholders, but men of more wealth, and who con- 
tribute to the support of the City, by having their 
personal estates taxed, are utterly excluded from any 
share in the elections. 

Thirdly, By the Charter, the City is divided into 
seven wards, and those so to remain. At the time it 
was granted, in the year 1730, as appears from the 
bounds of the respective wards, it is evident the 
probable increase of population, in what now forms 
the sixth and seventh wards, never was truly esti- 
mated by the framers of the Charter. Since that 
period, from a variety of fortunate circumstances, the 
increase of population in those wards has nearly if not 
quite overbalanced that of the other five wards. This 
population is daily increasing in the sixth and seventh 
wards in the same proportion, and although either of 
these wards contains more than double the number of 
inhabitants of the largest of the other wards, still they 
are by the Charter entitled to no greater share in the 
Councils of the City than the smallest ward in it. In 
this, therefore, there is a manifest grievance, and 
more especially when we reflect that no provision is 
made by the Charter for a redress of it. Also that 
the present system is repugnant, not only to the con- 
stitution and laws of the United States, but the consti- 
tution and laws of this State, which apportion the 
representatives to the number of inhabitants. 

The above are a few of the many causes of com- 
plaint which involve the rights and interest of the citi- 
zens of New York respecting its Charter, and those 
are not stated in that strong language which their 
effects would warrant. There are other just causes 
of discontent. At present I shall forbear to enumer- 
ate them, but leave the citizens to think on those I 
have mentioned, trusting that the meeting suggested 
will shortly be called, when the business will be fully 
discussed, and a respectful memorial to the Legisla- 
ture be agreed upon, which I hope will meet the sane- 



304 FREEMEN, l8p2. 

tion of the present members of the corporation. The 
patriotism and good sense which now prevails in our 
Common Council, induce me to hope that our applica- 
tion to the corporation will be crowned with success ; 
but should I be mistaken, let the application be made 
to the Legislature with the firmness and respect be- 
coming Freemen, tenacious of their rights, and who 
wish to be relieved from real evil. 

One of the People. 
December 28th., 1802. 

Morning Chronicle ^ December 30M., 1802. 



It is recommended to the Citizens of New York, to 
meet on Thursday Evening, at Six o'clock, at Adams's 
Hotel, in William Street, to take into consideration 
what measures should be adopted in order to obtain 
an Extension of the Right of Suffrage in the Election 
of Charter Officers of this City. 

December 28th., 1802. 

American Citizen, December 2^th.^ 1802. 



City of New York. 
Thursday Evening, December 30th., 1802. 

In pursuance of pubh'c notice, a large number of 
citizens met this evening at Adams' Hotel, William 
Street, to take into consideration what measures 
should be adopted in order to obtain an extension of 
the rights of suffrage in the election of Charter Offi- 
cers of this City. 

Several causes concurring to render an adjourn- 
ment of the meeting proper, it was resolved **that a 
committee of three be appointed to call a general meet- 
ing of the citizens to deliberate on the above subject, 
at such time and place as shall to them seem fit and 
convenient, and that sufficient notice thereof be given 
in the public prints." 



FPREMEN, 1803. 305 

A Committee of three citizens was accordingly ap- 
pointed. 

By order of the meeting, 

Philip I. Arcularius, Chairman. 

Morning Chronicli . January lit.. 1S03. 



A writer in the Morning Chronicle, who signs him- 
self " One of the People," evinces that the Charter of 
this city should be revised. The propositions are 
absurd and preposterous as they are base and deceitful. 

After (JeffersoR-Iike) a little fawning and cringing; 
after modestly appealing to the "opinion of each of his 
fellow citizens, if any such there are who may think a 
revision of ike Charter unnecessary or inexpedient," he 
mentions three as " the several grievances of which the 
people complain ; " and shortly after, as being a "few of 
the many causes of co'mplaint which involve the rights 
and interest of the Citizens of Neza York, respecting its 
Charter, etc" Let us examine them as they respect- 
ively present themselves. 

First, That by a Construction given to a clause of the 
Charter, none but Freemen and Freeholders have a 
right to interfere in the election of Charter Officers; 
and that if one man owns a freehold to tJu value of fifty 
dollars in every ward, his right to vote is extended to all 
the wards. 

Why, truly, I can perceive no grievance in this, as 
the writer so loudly complains of. On the contrary, I 
conceive it to be just and proper. If a citizen is pos- 
sessed of a freehold in each ward, he has a right to 
take care that no person is elected in those wards that 
might affect his interest. He is more interested than 
pother who is his inferior in that particular. The more 
ijerty he possesses, the more he is attached to the 
jnent^the more he has to protect, and conse- 
,Wtts a greater right to interfere in those elec- 
i^^^itHl-this pass however. 



306 FREEMEN, 1803. 

Second, That none but Freemen or Freeholders have 
a right to vote. 

Here the cloven foot appears — if this alteration 
which the writer so ardently sighs for, was effected, we 
should have an addition to our present stock of Irish 
Freevten* an insult to our citizens and an injury to our 
Country, the whole host of Africans that now deluge 
our City (already too impertinent to be borne), would 
be placed upon an equal with the citizens. This savours 
too much of French Liberty and Fquality ! Far be it 
from me to imagine that the Blacks are an inferior 
race of beings — yet let them be kept at a proper dis- 
tance, and themselves and us will experience the bene- 
fits of it. 

Third, That by the Charter the City is divided into 
seven wards, and those so to remain. 

The subtlety of this writer can hardly be concealed. 
'Tis evidently a democratic manceuvre to render "the 
Charter more congenial to the principles of republican- 
ism," I. e., to elect a Common Council composed of a 
majority of their own Sect, He wishes the Sixth and 
Seventh Wards to be divided, so as to constitute four. 

Suppose the writer's wishes to be gratified, and 
these wards to be divided ; it would result thus ; 
Federal 3, Democratic 6 — Democratic majority 3. 

And then farewell to the rights and franchises of 
our Citizens — An eternal adieu to order and happi- 
ness. 

A Citizen. 

The Neta York Gatettt and Gcmral Advtrliser. January y/„ 1803. 



Whereas, At a general meeting of the citizt^ns of the 
city of New York, convened on the 30th. ult., at.. 
Adams' hotel, for the purpose of taking into consicW^ 
tion the measures necessary to be pursued in o 
obtain an extension of the right of suffrage in^d 

• Here no disrespect is meant to the respectable part offlft^UI 




FREEMEN, 1803. 307 

tion of Charter Officers of this city, the subscribers 
were appointed a committee to make the necessary 
arrangements for convening a general meeting of the 
said citizens, for the afore-mentioned purposes. They 
do, therefore, in pursuance of that authority, hereby 
give this Public Notice, That a general meeting of the 
said citizens, for the above-mentioned purposes, will 
be held on Friday, the 7th. inst., at 6 o'clock p. m., at 
Adams's assembly room in William Street, 

The committee confidently trust, that when the 
right of suffrage, the vital principle of a free govern- 
ment, is the primary object of the meeting, that no 
citizen, who regards his political liberty, needs any 
stimulus to excite his punctual attendance. 

ames Smith, 
ohn Santford, 
Thos. Herttell. 

Morning Chronicle^ January 4/^., 1803. 



January 3d., 1803. 



Messrs. Lang & Co. 

I have lately seen a proposition to petition the 
Legislature of this State for a revision (as it is called) 
of the Charter of this city. 

It is much to be lamented, that those demagogues 
who at present possess the reins of government, 
should be permitted thus gradually to subvert every 
remnant of liberty in this country, and our citizens 
remain silent spectators of the truly alarming and 
affecting scene. The proposition is another example 
of the destructive tendency of democratic principles, 
and is an additional proof of the paltry schemes to 
which the vicious and unprincipled will resort to sup- 
port their tottering credit or sustain the falling ruins 
of lawless ambition. We have beheld the overthrow 
of our judiciary, and the subversion of our Constitu- 
tion, and must yet witness the sacrifice of an addi- 
tional victim. Covered, as usual, under the pleasing 



308 FREEMEN, 1803. 

garb of patriotism and zeal for the country — a garb 
that inevitably draws forth the honest support of the 
virtuous ; a combination has been formed to assassinate 
the Charter of the City, for the purpose of promoting 
the cause of ruin, anarchy and confusion. 

A certain person, under the signature of ** One of the 
People^' has appeared in the Morning Chronicle to 
advocate and recommend the contemplated measure* 
I have no doubt that those who have, or shall peruse 
the communication, will join me in declaring, that he 
is an insignificant and perfidious impostor — one who 
should be held up to the indignation and scorn of his 
countrymen, and branded with the merited appellation 
of **An enemy to the nation and a subvertor of its 
liberties." Whether enjoying the smiles of fortune or 
experiencing the frowns of penury — courted by the 
wealthy and affluent, or neglected and despised, let him 
blush for, and bewail his wickedness and folly ; and if, 
unhappily; his labours should prove successful, may 
remorse and all her concomitant train, haunt him and 
all those concerned in the plot, until unfeigned contri- 
tion and penitence shall have effaced their guilt. At 
present, it is that writer's duty to justify himself to all, 
and if he thinks proper he may consider this as a 
defiance. 

I am sorry to perceive that the Editor of the 
Chronicle could have permitted the production to 
have polluted his paper or have wanted sufficient 
penetration to discern its object — and if this is the 
manner he proposes to conduct in future, 'twere better 
he would desist and retire to that profession which 
affords more honour to himself and benefit to the 
public. 

I shall conclude by advising this vous populi, that 
when he again intrudes himself before us, he adopt a 
more beneficial subject and to betray less ignorance 
or base hypocrisy. 

Caius. 

The New York Gazette and General Advertiser, January loM., 1803. 



FREEMEiV, 1803. 3^ 

At a general meeting of the citizens of New York, 
convened agreeable to public notice, the 7th. instant, 
at Adams's assembly room, to take into consideration 
the necessity and propriety of appealing to the legisla- 
ture to obtain an alteration in the Charter of the city ; 
the following resolutions were unanimously entered into: 

Resolved, As the sense of this meeting, that every 
citizen who is of lawful age, has a fixed residence in 
our city, and pays taxes, ought to be duly represented 
in the government of the same. 

Resolved, That it is the opinion of the citizens here 
assembled, that the charter of the said city ought to be 
altered so as to extend the right of suffrage for char- 
ter officers, to all citizens having a right to vote for 
the most numerous branch of the state legislature, 
that the said election for charter officers should be by 
ballot, and be holden at the time and places, as the 
elections for members of the legislature, and that no 

Eerson be permitted to vote out of the ward in which 
e resides. 

Resolved, That a committee of five persons for the 
first six wards, and a committee of • eight for the 
seventh ward, be appointed with full power from this 
meeting, to take every measure which they may deem 
expedient and proper to carry the foregoing resolu- 
tions into effect ; and that the committee be composed 
of the following persons, viz. : 

For the First Ward. William Boyd, John Sanford, 
David Dunham, William Milliard, and William Edgar. 

Second Ward. John Duffie, John Broome, Thomas 
Smith, David Denniston, Cornelius Crygier. 

Third Ward. Solomon Townsend, John Bingham, 
Samuel Burling, Jonathan Pearsee Jun'., John A. 
Wooly. 

Fourth Ward. Gardner Jones, James Warner, 
John Mills, Peter Anderson, Peter H. Wendover. 

Fifth Ward. Abraham Bloodgood, Samuel Russel, 
Philip I. Arcularius, Benjamin Egbert, Ephraim 
Brasher. 



3IO FREEMEN, 1803. 

Sixth Ward. Arthur Smith, Henry Verveelen, 
John T. Banta, William Dustan, Joseph Board. 

Seventh Ward. Henry Rutgers, Marinus Willett, 
William Johnson, George I. Warner, Abraham Leg- 
gett, William Mollenear, Jacob P. Myers, Jacobus 
Dyckman. 

Published by order of the meeting. 

Philip I. Arcularius, Chairman: 
William Keteltas, Secretary. 

N. B. The respective committees from each ward, 
are requested to meet at Abraham B. Martling s, on 
Thursday eviening, at 6 o'clock, to carry the foregoing 
resolutions into effect 

Morning Chronicle^ January wth,^ 1803. 



A correspondent expresses his hope, that if the 
Legislature take up the Charter of incorporation of 
this City, they will make a thorough reformation, by 
extending the elective franchise to every man, woman 
and child. It is feared by some, that though the 
matter will be discussed, to please the sixth and 
seventh wards, yet that.it will be so contrived as in the 
end to fail, and thus monarchy and slavery be entailed 
upon this great and populous city. 

The New York Gazette and General Advertiser^ January 14M., 1 803. 



At a meeting of the Common Council held the 17th. 

Day of January, 1803. 

John Broome, William Edgar, Henry Rutgers, 
Gardner Jones, Solomon Townsend, and Abraham 
Bloodgood, composing a Committee appointed at a 
meeting of the Citizens, for the purpose of petitioning 
the Legislature for amendment on the Charter of the 
City, appeared before the Board, and presented the 
following communication : 




FREEMEN, 1803. 3II 

Gentlemen : 

At a meeting of the Citizens of New York con- 
vened agreeably to public notice the 7th. instant, to 
take into consideration the propriety of applying to 
the Legislature for the purpose of obtaining an 
Alteration in the Charter of this City so as to extend 
the right of Suffrage, sundry resolutions relative 
thereto were proposed and adopted ; a copy of which, 
with the proceedings of the meeting, we have the 
honor to inclose. Last evening the Committees from 
the several wards met, pursuant to appointment, and 
after discussing the subject it was agreed that a Com- 
mittee of one member from each ward in the City, out of 
their number be appointed to apply to your honorable 
Body to solicit your Co-operation with them for the pur- 
pose of procuring the extension of the right of Suffrage. 
A measure which we have good reason to believe had 
long been the wish of many of our Fellow Citizens. 

It having fallen to our Lot, to be appointed on that 
Committee, We do accordingly request your Honour- 
able Body will please to inform us, whether it will be 
agreeable to unite with your Fellow Citizens in an 
application to the Legislature at their next Session for 
the accomplishment of that object, and if so, how far 
it will be agreeable to you, to have the right extended. 
We have it in charge to report your Answer to 
the General Committee when obtained, shall therefore 
be obliged by receiving it as soon as your Honourable 
Body can make it convenient. 

We are with great respect. 
Gentlemen, 
Your most obedient and very humble Servants, 

John Bromme, 
William Edgar, 
Henry Rutgers, 
G. Jones, 

Solomon Townsend, 
Abraham Bloodgood, 
Henry Verveelen. 
New York, 14th. January, 1803. 



312 FREEMEN, 1803. 

To the Honourable Mayor, Aldermen, and Common- 
alty, etc. 
Ordered that the consideration thereof be post- 
poned until the next meeting of the Board. 



At a meeting of the Common Council held the 27th. 

Day of January, 1803. 

The Board proceeded to consider the communica- 
tion of John Broome Esquire, and others relative to 
petitioning the Legislature of this State at their present 
Session for certain amendments to the Charter of this 
City. 

Alderman Joshua Barker submitted the following 
Resolution, to wit : 

Resolved, That this Board concur in opinion with 
John Broome Esquire, and others in their memorial 
pr€:sf:ntcd to the Board on the 17th. instant, in the 
ext^msion of the right of Suffrage in the Election of 
Charter Officers in this City, and that the said Elec- 
tion ought to be by ballot, and that this Board will 
make the necessary application to the Legislature the 
present Session to obtain the same as far as they on 
mature deliberation shall deem it expedient. 

Mn Caleb S. Riggs offered the following Resolu- 
tion as a substitute for that submitted by Alderman 
Barker, to wit : 

'I he Common Council of the City of New York, 
having taken into Consideration a communication 
made to this Hoard the 17th. Day of January, 1803, 
by John Broome and others as a Committee appointed 
by some of the inhabitants of this City respecting an 
ai;plir:ation to the Legislature to alter the Charter 
UM-reof, anrl also sundry resolutions passed at a public 
irw'^rting in relation to the said application to the 
l/^'^M^Iature and the alterations contemplated to be 
made in the Charter, and having maturely reflected 



FREEMEN, 1803. 3I3 

Upon the same, and the Common Council having 
further attentively considered the question at large 
whether it is necessary or expedient at present to 
have the Charter of this City altered by the Legisla- 
ture, the Board do not perceive that any reason has 
been, or can with propriety be offered for any altera- 
tion now taking place, founded on, or supported by 
considerations of public utility, or from an apprehen- 
sion that the essential interests of the City will suffer 
from the lawful exercise of the present chartered 
rights, franchises of the Citizens. 

It is perhaps inexpedient for the Common Council 
at this time to express any opinion as to the motives 
of those who appear solicitous to obtain alterations in 
the Charter, or to animadvert upon the means which 
have been used and are now pursuing to accomplish 
their views ; suffice it to say, that experience suffi- 
ciently evinces not only inutility but real danger to 
be apprehended from frequent and important changes 
in Constitutions, laws and charters, and the evils will 
be incalculable whenever such changes are the off- 
spring of political party differences, or dictated by the 
ambition of individuals. 

Therefore resolved. That this Board deem it inexpe- 
dient at present to take any steps or to concur in any 
measures for the purpose of procuring any alterations 
in the Charter of this City. 

Resolved, That the Mayor, or Recorder furnish a 
copy of the preceding to the Committee who made 
an application to the Common Council on the 17th. 
Day of January, 1803, respecting an application to the 
Legislature for altering the Charter of the City. 

A division being taken upon the aforegoing Reso- 
lutions, the same were passed, as follows : 

For the affirmative, Aldermen Brasher, Van Zandt, 
Oothout, Bogert, Ritter, Messrs. Morris, Stevens, 
Bogardus, LeRoy, Riggs. 

For the negative. Aldermen Minthorne, Barker^ 
Messrs. Crolius, Brevoort. 



314 FREEMEN, 1803. 

The following petition to the Honourable the Legis- 
lature was also read and carried by the same division. 

To the Honourable the Legislature of the State of 
New York in Senate and Assembly convened. 

The Mayor, Aldermen, and Commonalty of the 
City of New York, in Common Council convened, 
most respectfully represent. 

That the Common Council have, through the medium 
of the newspapers printed in the city of New York 
and otherwise, been informed, and have reason to 
believe that certain persons in the city of New York 
have had meetings in order to concert measures to 
prevail on the Legislature at their present session, to 
interpose by law and alter the Charter of this city, 
thereby essentially to vary the rights and privileges of 
the Freeholders of the said city as the same now are 
and of right ought to be enjoyed, used and exercised. 

The Common Council cannot but flatter themselves 
with a hope that the Legislature will not only discern 
the danger but impropriety of taking away the char- 
tered rights and privileges of the city of New York 
without the concurrence of the Common Council, who 
represent the body corporate, and are charged with 
the preservation of its rights and privileges. 

The Common Council deem it unnecessary to go 
into a detail of the measures which there is reason to 
believe are and for some time past have been pursued 
to prevail on the Legislature to interfere in this busi- 
ness even without the sanction or concurrence of this 
Board ; much less do the Common Council think it 
expedient to express any opinion as to the motives 
which may actuate individuals in their attempt to effect 
this purpose. 

Whatever may be their intentions, or the measures 
pursued by them, the Common Council cannot per- 
suade themselves, that a view of the past will induce a 
belief that any such alterations in the Charter, as they 



FREEMEN, 1803. 3^5 

have reason to believe are now sought after by the 
promoters of these meetings, will be attended with 
beneficial consequences. Perfection in human institu- 
tions is not to be expected. And no law or charter is 
likely to be deemed faultless by every one who may 
be effected thereby. Frequent and important changes 
ought not to be considered as the least of the evils 
.which may be experienced by the community. 

It is more than half a century since the Charter of 
the City of New York was granted ; and under the 
provisions therein contained, the city has not only 
increased in size and population, but, under the foster- 
ing care of the Magistrates, improvements both useful 
and ornamental have been made from time to time, 
and are still progressing. The revenues of the Cor- 
poration have been increased, and the rising commerce 
of the city, so interesting to the State at large, and 
which equals or perhaps surpasses that of any city in 
America, may be ascribed in some degree to the 
salutary regulations contained in, and authorized by 
the present Charter. 

The Common Council beg leave further to state 
that as often as they shall discover iynportant defects 
in the Charter they shall deem it their duty to com- 
municate the same to the Legislature and ask their 
aid in providing a remedy for the same. But the 
Common Council are of opinion that at present Legis- 
lative interference with the Charter is at least unneces- 
sary, and therefore hope that in the opinion of the 
Legislature it will be deemed altogether improper. 

Alderman Barker gave notice that at the next meet- 
ing of the Board he intended to move for a recon- 
sideration of the said petition. 



At a Common Council held the 31st. Day of January, 

1803. 

Alderman Barker having submitted to the Board a 
motion that the petition agreed at the last meeting 



3*6 FREEMEX, 1803. 

to be presented to the Legislature against altering 
the Charter, be reconsidered, and having called a 
division upon the said motion it was lost in the man- 
ner following : 

For the affirmative. The Recorder, Aldermen Bar- 
ker, Minthorne, Messrs. Brevoort, Crolius. 

For the negative. Aldermen Bogert, Oothout, 
Brasher. Van Zandt, Messrs. LeRoy, Stevens, Morris, 
Riggs, Bogardus. 

Resolved, That the Memorial to the Legislature on 
the subject of an application for alterations in the 
Charter of this City, pass the Common Seal, and that 
one copy thereof under the Common Seal be trans- 
mitted to the President of the Senate, and another to 
the Speaker of the House of Assembly, and at least 
one other copy to the members of the Assembly from 
this City. 

A correspondent has read with great pleasure the 
memorial . from the Corporation of this city to the 
Legislature, against the necessity and propriety of 
altering the Charter. It may have the intended effect ; 
but if it should not, the Corporation have done their 
duty, and they will be seconded by every reflecting 
man, in making a stand against those wretched demo- 
cratic and disorganizing principles which have brought 
us into disgrace and confusion, and to the very brink 
of ruin. 

The Xew York GatetU and General Advertiser y February 'jth,^ 1803. 



At a Common Council held the 14th. Day of February, 



1803. 



Alderman Barker having laid before the Board the 
reasons of the minority of the same for dissenting 
from the resolutions and petition adopted in relation 
to altering this Charter of the City as it respects the 
qualifications of the election of Charter Officers, upon 



FREEMEN, 1803. 3^7 

the question being taken whether the Clerk shall 
enter the same on the Minutes, the same was lost 
as follows, to wit. 

jFor the affirmative^ Aldermen Minthorne, Barker, 
Messrs. Brevoort, Crolius. 

For the negative, Aldermen Ritter, Brasher, Oothout, 
Bogert, Messrs. Riggs, Morris, LeRoy, Stevens. 



Protest of the Minority in the Corporation. 

We, the undersigned Members of the Common 
Council of the City of New York, in common council 
convened agreeable to notice heretofore given and on 
mature deliberation, believing that in all representative 
and legislative bodies the minority have, as well for 
themselves as for their constituents, an indubitable 
right, on all occasions which they may deem of suffi- 
cient importance, to express the reasons by which 
they have been governed on any particular decision 
that may take place, in proper and decent language, 
and to demand that the same be entered of record on 
the minutes of the same. 

Therefore, in consequence of our just and indubita- 
ble right, and for the reasons hereinafter assigned, we 
have dissented from, and do most solemnly protest 
against the decision of a majority of the said common 
council, on the 27th. of January, in the year of our 
Lord 1803, relative to a certain memorial presented 
to the said common council, on the seventeenth of the 
same month, by John Broome Esq^, and others, as a 
sub-committee of the citizens of the city of New York, 
and properly delegated for that purpose, requesting 
the aid of the Common Council in an application to the 
legislature for an extension of the elective franchise in 
the election of charter officers for the said city of New 
York. 

And also, against a certain memorial presented to 
the said Common Council by a member of the same, 



3l8 FREEMEN, 1803. 

which was also adopted, and ordered to be transmitted 
to the President of the Senate, Speaker of the House 
of Assembly, and at least one copy for the use of the 
members of the Legislature from this city ; in order, 
as the undersigned have good reason to believe, iif 
possible, to counteract one of the most salutary and 
beneficial measures that could, in all probability, have 
been devised for the tranquillity and welfare of the 
city, and also in a considerable degree to check that 
right, the most sacred of all others ; that is, the right 
of petitioning ; and that the governed may thereby 
lay their grievances fully before that authority which 
possesses full power to redress the same — and demand 
that this our protest, with the reasons particularly set 
forth, and hereunto annexed, be entered of record on 
the minutes of this day. 

First, Because, in the opinion of the undersigned, 
the charter of the said city is susceptible of many use- 
ful, valuable and necessary amendments ; and that the 
same ought to be so amended and improved as to be 
congenial with, and not repugnant to, a republican con- 
stitution and government ; that is, taxation and repre- 
sentation ought to be inseparable, and that no body 
corporate ought to be possessed of any constructive 
power which, in the hands of contending parties, 
might tend to confuse and distract the councils of the 
same, and thereby put the police of so populous a city 
in jeopardy. 

Second, Because, in the opinion of the undersigned, 
no power ought to be lodged in any body corporate, 
by which a majority of part of its constituent members 
could either proscribe or extend the lawful franchise 
of the same, and thereby exclude and prevent the 
election of any men, or set of men, and elect such 
only as the mayor and any four aldermen, for the time 
being, shall think the most proper for any sinister or 
other purposes, whereby the usefulness of the institu- 
tion might be converted into any engine of tyranny 
and oppression, and the powers and privileges of the 



FREEMEN, 1803. 



319 




thereby arrested from them. The under- 

,re therefore firmly of opinion, and fully per- 

that bad as the said charter is, if the same 

and strenuously now to be carried into effect, 

incalculable evils would thereby result, 

penalties of considerable magnitude to many 

;ctBpie individuals, and deprivation of gaining an 

t livelihood to others, as well as a general incon- 

jce, would be the result. Therefore they most 

concur in an opinion, which they have good 

to believe is in concurrence with the opinion 

r^^e majority of the citizens of the city of New 

ho contribute and are chargeable with the 

,ary burdens and expences of the same; that 

whi^ the evils of any public institution, by carrying 

J thgj^wers of the same into full and compfeat exten- 

'^srfbatere fully to be discovered, that the same ought to 

' reCw'e the correcting hand of legislative aid, and be 

xheiilby made subservient to the general good of all 

intHfested therein. 

Because, in the opinion of the undersigned, the 
length of time since, and the government from and 
under whom the said charter was first granted, are 
sufficient to induce us to believe, and the course of 
events which have actually taken place since that 
period, have fully proved that the rights of the subject 
were not at that time so fully understood or sought 
after as in the present and more enlightened age ; but 
it is most evidently to be discovered, that some of the 
most prominent features of the said charter are calcu- 
lated as more congenial with a monarchial and kingly 
government, than with the more modern and plain 
republican institutions of the present day ; whereby 
the rights and privileges of the citizens are more fully 
delineated and better understood. 

Because, in the opinion of the ladersigned, the said 
memorial has given full and unojj^^^^l testimony of 
the unaccommodating dispositi^pV^B^present ma- 
jority of the common council, which ^>)^8toed on very 



320 FREEMEN, 1803. 

different ground prior to the organization! 
present board, in which the minority thought t 
good reason to expect a continuation of 
accommodating spirit, and would, on a mal 
much importance, have endeavored, by c 
disposition and conduct, to have met eacj 
some reasonable arrangement, which woiila 
conceded to, and was actually proposed, by i 
ity for the same conciliating purpose. 

Because, in the opinion of the undersignJ 
actual experience of the year past has fully tai^ 
to scan the lengths contending parties can I 
effect their favorite schemes with the most plJ 
constructions, and both be conscious of beinj 
fectly in the right, and also be backed by thd 
respectable source of legal information ; wliereft 
undersigned, under all the circumstances which h 
loudly called for redress, and the mode in whic 
same has and is endeavored now to be effected, 
their entire approbation, and the gentlemen who 
undertaken the arduous task are entitled to 1 
highest esteem, and doubt not of its happy and" 
tary effects, like every other just and equitable clai 
when sought for and obtained in that proper and con- 
stitutional mode. All which is submitted by, gentle- 
men, your most obedient, etc., in the minority. 
Joshua Barker, 
Mangle Minthome, 
Henry Brevoort, 
Clarkson .Crolius. 
New York. February 14th., 1S03. 

Moruing Chn'akU. Ni'ai York. Fibruary iqtA., 1B03. 



To the Honourable the Legislature of the' State of 
New York^r'.^nate and Assembly convened, 
The Mem^iia' jj hV subscribers, being members of 
a general 4BP^ ttff'&ppointed by the citizens of the 



FREEMEN, 1803. 321 

crty of New York, at a general meeting of the citizens, 
on the seventh day of January last, as appears from 
the proceedings of said meeting, a copy whereof is 
hereunto annexed. 

Respectfully Sheweth — 

vT-hat by the charter of the city of New York, the 
aldermen and assistants who are members of the com- 
mon council of the said city, shall be elected by the 
freemen of the said city, being inhabitants thereof, 
and the freeholders of each respective ward. 

That the said aldermen and assistants, together 
with the mayor and recorder of the said city, compose 
the common council thereof, and possess the power of 
making bye laws and ordinances for the regulation 
and government of the same. 

That by the operation and construction of the elec- 
tive franchise of the citizens under the said charter, a 
great proportion of the citizens who are effected by 
the laws and ordinances of the said common council, 
and who contribute to the support of the said city, 
have not any share in the representation in the coun- 
cils of the same. 

That inasmuch as on the one hand the freeholders 
of the said city by voting in every ward, if they 
have freeholds in the same, have elective rights far 
beyond what is consistent with the principles of a 
government founded upon the basis of equal liberty, 
so on the other the number of freemen is so very in- 
considerable, that the great body of the people cannot 
under the charter be represented in the corporation of 
the same. It is too obvious to be denied, that the 
refusal of the freedom of the city to its regular inhabi- 
tants, is a source of great grievance, and invests the 
common council with full power, if so disposed, to 
convert the valuable objects of the charter into engines 
for promoting political views. 

Living happily under the constitutions of a free 
government, and anxious for the preservation of re- 



21 



322 FREEMEN, 1803. 

publican principles, your petitioners with concern 
lament that many of the said citizens are deprived of 
their most inestimable rights. The right of represen- 
tation is the stronghold of every social privilege ; it 
cannot be violated without endangering the principles 
of our government and the existence of our liberties. 

Your petitioners do further state to your honoura- 
ble body, that, in their opinion, the citizen, in exercis- 
ing his privileges, ought to be wholly independent of 
the control of the magistrate. By the charter of mak- 
ing freemen is submitted entirely to the mayor and 
four aldermen. Thus a difference of opinion may be 
the means of withholding from the meritorious citizens 
an important right. 

Your petitioners beg leave further to state to your 
honourable body, that the elections for charter officers 
in this city have hitherto been conducted not by bal- 
lot, but viva voce. The restraint which this mode of 
electing must produce upon the elector in exercising 
his privilege, is too obvious for us to use argument or 
shew the necessity of adopting the mode of election 
by ballot. Suffice it for us to say, the happy effects 
which this later mode has produced since the revolu- 
tion, are sufficient inducements for preferring the 
same 

Your petitioners do further respectfully represent to 
your honourable body, that although by the constitu- 
tion and laws of this state and the United States, the 
qualifications of electors for members of the house of 
assembly of this state, and the house of representa- 
tives of the United States, is extended to every citi- 
zen who rents a tenement of the yearly value of five 
dollars, and who has contributed, by a regular assess- 
ment to the exigencies of the public. And although 
your memorialists have reason to believe that it is the 
wish of many of their fellow citizens that the elective 
franchise of the citizens of New York may be ex- 
tended thus far, (still) your petitioners with confidence 
submit to the wisdom of the legislature for such an 



FREEMEN, 1803. 323 

extension of the elective franchise as the local situa- 
tion of this city may be found to require. 

Inasmuch as the economizing of time devoted to 
public business- is as laudable as of that spent in 
private concerns, your memorialists further submit to 
the consideration of your honourable body, whether it 
would not be attended with beneficial consequences to 
the citizens of New York that the election for charter 
officers should be held at the time when and place 
where the annual elections for senators and members 
of assembly are held in the said city. 

Your petitioners further beg leave to represent that 
they are persuaded it is the wish of a very great pro- 
portion of their fellow-citizens that the elective fran- 
chise of the citizens may be extended ; and as a proof 
thereof, they humbly refer your honourable body to 
memorials presented to the legislature of this state 
at their last session, upon the same subject ; which 
memorials were signed by several thousands of their 
fellow-citizens, and are now on the files of your hon- 
ourable house. 

Your memorialists further beg leave to state, that 
by the encrease of population in this city, several of 
the wards, in respect to the number of inhabitants, 
have become overgrown, and that others remain 
nearly stationary ; and that the smallest ward in the 
city has a representation in the common council equal 
to the most populous ward. This your memorialists 
humbly conceive is repugnant to the system of elec- 
tion and representation, as contemplated by the con- 
stitution of this state. And they humbly submit to 
the consideration of the legislature, whether the wards 
of the said city should not be so equalized or increased 
in numbers, as that the inhabitants of each ward may 
be as nearly equal as the plan of the city will admit, 
and the representation from each ward thereby be 
created by the same equal means. 

Your memorialists further beg leave humbly to rep- 
resent, that relying on the reasonableness of the 



324 FREEMEN, l803, 

wishes of their fellow-citizens, and the constitution- 
ality of the mode pursued for the redress sought, they 
had a hope that the corporation of the city of New 
York would have co-operated with th^m in an applica- 
tion to the legislature on a subject which involves the 
dearest rights of freemen. They have been induced 
to address that board on the subject, but, contrary to 
your memorialists' most sanguine wishes, they have 
been disappointed ; as will appear from a copy of the 
proceedings of the general committee, which is here- 
unto annexed, and to which your memorialists beg 
leave to refer. 

Nevertheless, your petitioners humbly pray that 
your honourable body would take the importance of 
the subject under consideration, and grant such relief 
in the premises as in your wisdom you may deem 
meet. And as in duty bound, we will ever pray. 

Morning ChronicUy New York^ February 234/., 1 803. 



The bill lately passed concerning the amendment of 
the city charter, extends the elective franchise to all 
persons possessing a freehold worth fifty dollars, or a 
lease of seven years, of land or tenement, which lease is 
worth fifty dollars, or paying a yearly rent of twenty- 
five dollars, having been resident in the city one year, 
and paid taxes, such persons are entitled to vote for 
charter officers. It is provided, also, in the said act, 
that the elections shall be by ballot, held for the space 
of two days ; and that none shall vote out of the ward 
of which he is an inhabitant. A slight review of this 
amendment must convince us of its propriety and 
justice. 

It is certainly no more than right, that every person 
who is bound by the decrees of any power, should 
have the privilege of choosing those who are to exer- 
cise this authority ; and as the acts of the corporation 
bind householders as well as freeholders, it is certainly 
proper that the former should have an equal right 



FREEMEN, l803, 325 

with the latter of choosing that body. Hitherto, how- 
ever, this privilege has been almost exclusively in the 
hands of the wealthy ; and those also persons who 
possess freeholds ; a class which compose but a small 
part of the inhabitants of this city ; for as to those 
who have received the liberty of the city, this power 
of the corporation has been so sparingly exercised, 
that a few aged individuals compose the whole of their 
number. 

If we consider for a moment the charter itself, it 
must be evident, that it was designed that persons of 
the description now included, were to have equally 
with freeholders the privilege of electing charter offi- 
cers. It was intended that industrious, reputable 
citizens, following a lawful occupation, paying taxes, 
and renting a tenement, should receive the freedom 
of the city. The power of granting this was vested in 
the corporation, because, as this body would be com- 
posed of characters chosen by their fellow-citizens for 
their integrity and usefulness, so they would be the 
most proper persons to judge what individuals were 
qualified for receiving this privilege. And it certainly 
must have been intended, that where no reasonable 
objections could be made to claimants, that it was 
their duty to grant their petition. If I am invested 
with the power of benefiting certain individuals, if they 
qualify themselves for receiving such benefits, it fol- 
lows clearly, that when thus qualified, it is unjust that 
I^ should refuse ; by doing so, I abuse the power which 
is placed in me. 

The provisions made for voting by ballot, instead 
of viva voce, is a further improvement. Experience 
has shown that the latter mode was by no means free 
from restraint, and that individuals often, owing to 
peculiar situations in which they were placed, could 
not act with independence, and freely use that right, 
which is one of the most valuable in the possession of 
the people. 

The restriction also included in the amendment of 



326 FREEMEN, 1803. 

the charter, requiring every person to vote only in the 
ward of which he is an inhabitant, is also reasonable 
and just. By this means the privilege will be equal ; 
for it is certainly strange, that an individual who has 
property scattered throughout the different wards, 
should be enabled by means of this to vote in each. 
According to this arrangement, the balance of power is 
completely thrown into the hands of the wealthy, who 
may monopolize a number of votes, as if property thus 
situated was so circumstanced as to justify so great 
an extension of this privilege. If an alderman and 
his assistant, elected in a particular ward, had a right 
to do certain acts affecting the property in that ward, 
perhaps there might be some consistency in this doc- 
trine. But when we know that every decree and 
regulation, as well for one ward as another, is deter- 
mined by the corporate body, in common council con- 
vened, it is strange why and for what reason, founded 
in equity or justice, any individual should have ever 
possessed several votes, according to the situation of. 
his property. This arrangement also often militated 
against this favourite maxim, which appears to have 
been the principle in this system, ** that right should 
be in proportion to wealth." For many inhabitants, 
who are possessed of considerable property, have it 
compacted in one ward, thus affording them but one 
vote ; while others, though possessed of little, have it 
so scattered as to afford them several in the election 
of charter officers. To remedy these defects, with 
many others which call for redress, is contemplated by 
the amendments of the city charter ; and which, doubt- 
less, as they are founded in justice, will be productive 
of the most salutary consequences. 

Morning Chtonicle, Xen' York, Match I'^d., 1803. 



FREEMEN, I8O3. 327 

Proceedings of the Legislature on the revision of the 

Charter, 1803. 

In Assembly. 

January 29/^. Mr. W. Gilbert gave notice, that he 
would on some future day, move for leave to bring in 
a bill, entitled ** An Act to equalize and increase the 
number of Wards in the City and County of New 
York." 

February ^th. Mr. W. Gilbert, pursuant to notice 
by him for that purpose heretofore given, moved for 
leave to bring in a bill, entitled ** An Act to equalize 
and increase the number of Wards in the City and 
County of New York." Leave being given, Mr. Gil- 
bert brought in the said bill, which was read a first 
time and ordered a second reading. 

February iiih. Mr. Few gave notice that he should 
on some future day move for leave to bring in a bill 
entitled ** An Act for the better regulating of the Elec- 
tion of Charter Officers within the City of New York; 
and for designating the'qualifications of voters." 

February i^th. A petition from Anthony Lispenard 
and others, inhabitants of the City of New York, 
praying for certain alterations in the Charter of said 
City, was read and the consideration thereof post- 
poned until to-morrow. 

A remonstrance from the Corporation of the City 
of New York, against the making of certain altera- 
tions contemplated in the Charter of said city, was 
read and the consideration thereof postponed until to- 
morrow. 

Mr. Few, pursuant to notice by him for that pur- 
pose heretofore given, moved leave to bring in a bill, 
entitled ** An Act for the better regulation of the elec- 
tion of Charter Officers in the city of New York, and 
designating the qualifications of Electors." Leave 
being given, Mr. Few brought in the said bill, which 
was read a first time, and ordered a second reading. 

February \bth. The bill for a better regulation for 



328 FREEMEN, 1803. 

the election of Charter Officers, etc., was read a 
second time, and committed to a committee of the 
whole House. 

A petition from Anthony Lispenard and others, of 
the city of New York ; and a remonstrance from the 
Corporation of said city, both relating to the same sub- 
ject, were called up and committed to a committee of 
the whole House when on the bill for a better regula- 
tion for the election of Charter Officers. 

February \jth. A petition from John Broome, and 
a number of others, citizens of the city of New York, 
praying for the extension of the elective franchise in 
relation to the choice of Charter Officers in the said 
city, and the papers accompanying the same, were read 
and committed to the committee of the whole House 
when on the bills relating to the division of wards and 
qualifications of electors in the city of New York. 

February 19///. The Committee of the whole House 
reported progress on the bill to increase the number 
of Wards in the city of New York. 

February 2\st. The committee reported the bill to 
increase the Wards in the city of New York. It was 
passed and ordered to be engrossed. 

March \st. The House resolved itself into a com- 
mittee of the whole House, on the bill, entitled **An 
Act for the better regulation of the election of Char- 
ter Officers in the city of New York, and designating 
the qualifications of electors, and after some time 
spent thereon, Mr. Speaker resumed the chair, and 
Mr. Wisner from the said committee, reported, that in 
proceeding on the said bill, and after the same had 
been read in the committee, the first enacting clause 
thereof was again read, and in the words following : 

Be it enacted by the People of the State of New 
York, represented in Senate and Assembly, That 
every free male person of the age of twenty-one years, 
being a citizen of this State, and who shall have resided 
in said city six months next preceding such election, 
and paid taxes within the same, and shall have rented 



FREEMEN, 1803. 329 

a tenement of the yearly value of dollars for the 
term of one year within the same, or shall be a lease- 
holder of any land or tenement, of the value of 
dollars, and who has been years in possession of 
the same, shall be entitled to vote for charter officers 
in the said city of New York. 

That debates were had thereon, and the question 
having been put, whether the committee did agree to 
the said clause, it was carried in the affirmative [yeas 
70, nays 19]. 

Mr. Wisner further reported progress, and asked 
for and obtained leave to sit again. 

Ordered, That the committee of the whole House 
be discharged from the further consideration of the 
said bill, and that it be referred to a select committee, 
consisting of Mr. Few, Mr. Tompkins and Mr. Gilbert, 
to report the same complete. 

A message from the Senate was received informing 
the House that the **Actto increase the number of 
Wards in the city of New York, and equalize the 
same," had been passed -without amendment. 

March wtfu Mr. Few, from the select committee to 
whom was committed the bill, ** An Act to extend the 
qualifications of electors for Charter Officers in the 
city of New York, and for other purposes," reported, 
that the committee had gone through the bill, filled 
up the blanks, and agreed to the same, without 
amendment, which he was directed to report to the 
House ; and he read the report in his place, and 
delivered the same in at the table, where it was again 
read, and agreed to by the House. Ordered^ That 
the bill be engrossed. 

March 1 2th. The engrossed bill v/as read the third 
time. 

Ordered, That the said bill be recommitted to a 
committee of the whole House. 

March \^th. The House resolved itself into a com- 
mittee of the whole House, on the bill, entitled "An 
Act to extend the qualifications of electors for Char- 



330 FREEMEN, 1803. 

ter officers in the city of New York, and for other 
purposes ; " and after some time spent thereon Mr. 
Speaker resumed the chair, and Mr. Wisner, from the 
said committee, reported, that in proceeding on the 
said bill, and after the same had been read in the com- 
mittee, a motion was made, that the third blank in 
the first clause of the said bill should be filled up with 
the word ''fifty'" 

That debates were had on the said motion, and the 
question having been put, whether the committee did 
agree to the same, it passed in the negative [nays 49, 
yeas 33]. 

That a motion was made, that the said blank should 
be filled up with the word ''forty'' and the question 
having been put, whether the committee did agree to 
the same, it passed in the negative [nays 47, yeas 33]. 

That a motion was made, that the said blank should 
be filled up with the word ** twenty-five," and the 
question having been put, whether the committee did 
agree to the same, it was carried in the affirmative 
[yeas 53, nays 26]. 

That a motion was then made, that the said bill 
should be rejected ; and the question having been put, 
whether the committee did agree to the same, it passed 
in the negative [nays 67, yeas 13]. 

Mr. Wisner further reported, that the committee 
had gone through the bill, made amendments therein, 
filled up the blanks, and agreed to the same, which he 
was directed to report to the House ; and he read the 
report in his place ; and delivered the same in at the 
table, where it was again read, and agreed to by the 
House. Oi'dercd, That the bill be engrossed. 

March i6th. The engrossed bill was read the third 
time. 

Resolved, That the bill do pass. 

In Senate. 
' March i6th. A message from the Assembly was 



FREEMEN, 1804. 331 

received with the bill entitled " An Act to extend the 
qualification of electors for Charter officers in the city 
of New York, and for other purposes," which was read 
the first time, and ordered to a second reading. 

March 1 7///. The bill was read a second time and 
referred to a committee of the whole. 

[The bill was not acted upon after the reference]. 



Republican Meeting. At a meeting of several Re- 
publican Citizens from the respective Wards of this 
city, held at Martling's on Tuesday Evening, the 5th. 
of January, 1804, it was considered expedient to call a 
General Meeting of their Republican fellow citizens 
for the purpose of taking into consideration measures 
to promote their political and social interest. A meet- 
ing is therefore requested for the above purpose at the 
Union (late Adams') Hotel, No. 68 William Street, 
on Tuesday Evening next, at 6 o'clock. 

William Boyd, Chairman, 
Samuel Cowdry, Secretary. 

Morning Chronicle^ Monday ^ January ^th,^ 1804. 



In pursurance of a notice to the Republicans in 
general, to meet last evening at the Union Hotel, to 
*• take into consideration measures to promote their 
political and social interests," there was, we under- 
stand, a pretty numerous collection, both of Clin- 
tonians and Burrites. We are unable to state all the 
particulars ; but such as we have received we commu- 
nicate, and believe they are correct as far as they go. 

From the curious manner of mentioning the object 
of the meeting in the papers, it is not to be wondered 
at, that great numbers came without understanding 
precisely what was intended. Some therefore cried 
one thing, and some another ; for the assembly was 
confused ; and the more part knew not wherefore they 
were come together. At length Mr. Osgood was 
chosen a chairman, and Mr. Wortman clerk. The 



332 FREEMEN, 1804. 

meeting now took some little shape and a motion was 
made by a leading Clintonian to adopt a certain 
memorial to the Legislature, of which the great object 
was to alter the Charter, so as to extend the elective 
franchise to all conditions of people. This was the 
original Clintonian proposition and was adopted ; but 
others were then for going a step further in the great 
work of reformation and making the office of Mayor 
elective annually by the citizens at large, and that of 
Clerk of the Common Council to depend on appoint- 
ment by the Corporation. This we understand was 
introduced by the Burrites as an amendment to the 
original motion, and after some eloquent speeches for 
it by Mr. Matthew L. Davis and other leading Burr- 
ites, and against it by Mr. Tunis Wortman and other 
leading Clintonians, was finally found to be so purely 
democratic, and smacks so much of liberty and equal- 
ity, that the majority deserted their leaders and, to 
their extreme chagrin, voted for its adoption. 

New York Evening Post, January iiM., 1804. 



We find that in certain particulars, our information 
respecting the proceedings of the Republican Meeting 
on Tuesday evening was incorrect. It seems that in- 
stead of Mr. Wortman, Mr. Miller was the secretary, 
and that the Burrite amendment for the office of 
Mayor elective, was not carried ; neither was it nega- 
tived ; but a small committee of sixty-three was ap- 
pointed to take into consideration the project of 
altering the Charter, and report at another meeting. 
But we shall attempt to give a more satisfactory view 
of the whole ground. 

The following: were in substance the Clintonian 
resolutions : 

1st, That every person qualified to vote for the 
most popular branch of the Legislature should be 
entitled to vote for Charter officers. 



FREEMEN, 1804. 333 

2d, That the election should be by ballot. 

3d, That the election for Charter officers should be 
held at the same time and place with the election for 
members of the Legislature. 

4th, That no elector should vote out of the ward in 
which he resided. 

5th, That there should be two inspectors of the 
election appointed, who should be sworn, whose return 
should be final and conclusive. 

6th, That after receiving the returns of the inspect- 
ors, the Common Council' should not, under any pre- 
text whatever, interfere to set aside the election. 

It was not thought advisable to make objections to 
either of the first five resolutions, and they were there- 
fore permitted to pass in silence, but the last was 
objected to as being unnecessary, and was at length 
struck out. Then the Burrites proposed as an amend- 
ment to add to these following resolutions, which 
caused a very animated debate and gave rise to much 
good speaking, at least on one side. 

1st, That the office of the Mayor of the city of New 
York should be elective annually, in the same manner 
as that of Aldermen, and that he should have a fixed 
salary in lieu of all perquisites. 

2d, That the office of Clerk of the Common Coun- 
cil and Clerk of the city and county of New York, 
should be separate and distinct offices, and that the 
Common Council should have the power of appoint- 
ing their own Clerk. 

3d, That the licensing of Carmen, Grocers, etc., 
should be appointed by the Common Council, and not 
by the Mayor alone. 

On this Wortman rose and said, really he had not 
made up his mind whether it was best that the office 
of Mayor should be elective or not, and he thought it 
most advisable, on the whole, to take time to de- 
liberate. — He therefore moved that all this business 
should be referred to a committee to consist of sixty- 
three citizens, and who should be nominated and 



334 FREEMEN, 1804. 

appointed by Mr. Osgood, the chairman, and that 
their opinion should be conclusive. This was at first 
objected to on account of the mode of appointment, 
but the objection was withdrawn. However, the last 
part of it, equally indicative of cunning and of im- 
pudence, was successfully opposed, and instead of it 
the committee are to make a report to a meeting 
of the citizens at large. In the debate that followed, 
Mr. Swart wout spoke at great length. Having said 
that the sixth resolution was the production of an 
enthusiast, Mr. Wortman jumped up with ** I, Mr. 
Chairman, I, sir, am that enthusiast ; I am the author 
of it ; I am the enthusiast, and hope I ever shall be in 
the sacred cause of liberty." — ** I am sorry to hear it," 
Mr. S. went on, ** an enthusiast. Sir, is but another name 
for madman ; " and he followed up the blow so closely 
that Wortman retreated from the field without any 
attempt to support himself. In answer to what fell 
from Mr. Van Wyck, that the making of the office of 
the Mayor elective was repugnant to our State consti- 
tution, and that, in short, he considered the proposi- 
tions of the Burrites as only introduced to embarrass 
and defeat them, Mr. Swartwout said, **he pitied 
the temerity of this young gentleman on account of 
his extreme youth," and called on him to know where 
he was in the year '98 ; a call which Mr. Van Wyck 
did not seem disposed to comply with, for he rose no 
more. As to the objection of Mr. S. Miller to making 
the office of Mayor elective, which was that elections 
were already so frequent that it took people away 
from their business and caused them great incon- 
venience, in proof of which he had mentioned the 
various bank elections, sugar-refiner elections, &c., he, 
Mr. S., said, surely this young man had forgot the 
principles on which republicanism, as understood by 
himself and his friends, was bottomed, the frequency 
and freedom of elections ; and if Mr. M. thought that 
they were now to abandon all they had ever advocated, 
because it might be averse to the pleasure of a single 



FREEMEN, 1804. 335 

individual in power, he trusted he would find himself 
woefully mistaken. 

Col. Willett said, he had always been accustomed 
to consider the Charter of this city in too sacred a 
light to be meddled with by the Legislature, but the 
Legislature it seems had thought otherwise ; and since 
they had begun with it, he confessed he was for going 
further, and amending it thoroughly ; on this principle 
alone he was in favour of making the office of Mayor 
elective. 

The last Clintonian speaker, Mr. Judah, as soon as 
Dr. Smith had finished his oration, with a full measure 
of the ore rotundo rose, and with a view to show his 
wit and his shrewdness at the same time, moved that 
no man should be permitted to speak longer than five 
minutes ; to which the Doctor smartly rejoined, that 
he moved as an amendment to the motion, that no 
man in that meeting should be permitted to have more 
than a thimbleful of brains. Down sunk poor Judah 
into his seat, and **word spake never more." 

We are informed by some of those present, that 
it was the most diverting scene imaginable. The 
speakers on the Burr side were, Mr. J. Swartwout, 
Col. Willett, Mr. M. L. Davis, Mr. S. Smith, and Dr. 
Smith ; opposed to these were, Mr. Van Wyck, Mr. 
Wortman, Mr. S. Miller and Mr. Naptali Judah — a 
very unequal contest, as every one must see, on the 
part of the latter. Taking the more popular side of 
the question too, it is no wonder that defeat pervaded 
the ranks of the Clintonians, and victory sat perched 
on the banners of the Little Band. 

Further particulars are omitted for want of time 
and room and inclination. 

New York Evening Post t January \2th,y 1804. 



At a late meeting of those calling themselves Repub- 
licans, William Boyd was turned out, and Samuel 
Osgood chosen Chairman. The Evening Post is incor- 



336 FREEMEN, 1804. 

rect in saying that Mr. Wortman was the new Secretary, 
and that he was one of the speakers. Mr. Wortman 
had prepared the business, and left it to be advocated 
by his tools or underlings. The great subject of 
consideration, and which drew forth some eloquent 
speeches, was to alter the character [Charter] of this 
city, so as to extend the right of voting to all condi- 
tions of people. An amendment was introduced by 
the Burrites ; but there has not been time to obtain 
the most exact information. 

New York Gazette and General Advertiser^ January 12M., 1804. 



A meeting of the republican citizens, was held on 
Tuesday evening, agreeable to public notice, for the 
purpose of considering the propriety of making certain 
alterations in the city charter. 

At this meeting, a set of resolutions drafted by Mr. 
Tunis Wortman, clerk of the county and corporation, 
were handed to the chair. 

Certain of those resolutions, the purport of which 
was the extension of the elective franchise, having 
been adopted without opposition, a gentleman rose 
and observed to the meeting, that the alterations 
now contemplated, did not go to a sufficient length, for 
the removal of those evils which the republican citizens 
had long felt, and of which they had frequently com- 
plained : that now was the period to strike at the root 
of those evils, and remove at once, other grievances, 
no less important than those for which they were pro- 
viding remedies. He then went into a consideration 
of the office of Mayor of the City, showing the variety 
of trusts, privileges and perquisites attached to that 
office, explaining the manner in which he had it in his 
power to tyrannize over the whole body of Carmc7i in 
particular, as well as other very numerous classes of 
Citizens, and deducing from these observations, the 
propriety that a magistrate invested with such exten- 
sive powers, and to whom such important trusts were 



FREEMEN, 1804. 337 

confided, should be responsible to the people, over 
whom he was to preside : that he should be elected 
by the inhabitants of this city, in the same manner as 
the rest of the corporation, instead of being appointed 
to his office by the council of appointment of the 
state. He further advocated the propriety of fixing 
his salary at a limited sum proportioned to his ser- 
vices, instead of his being paid by perquisites which 
opened a door for oppressive exactions, and the 
amount of which could not be ascertained He also 
stated his opinion, that the clerkships of the county 
and corporation, both of which are at present united 
in one person, should be separated, and that the clerk 
of the corporation should be appointed by that body, 
not by the council of appointment of the state as at 
present 

He was followed and supported by several other 
republican citizens, who have been designated by the 
appellation of the little band. They were strenuously 
opposed, by Mr. Tunis Wortman and several other of 
the followers of Mr. DeWitt Clinton ; but these latter, 
finding the sense of the meeting decidedly against 
them, grew rather less obstreperous in their opposi- 
tion, and resolutions to the effect just mentioned were 
referred to a committee ; which committee, the Clin- 
tonians moved, should be appointed by the chair (Mr. 
Samuel Osgood, the father-in-law of DeWitt Clinton, 
being the chairman). This was opposed by the little 
bandy who contended that the committee should be 
nominated and appointed by the meeting. They, how- 
ever, were induced to withdraw the motion, from an 
inclination to see how far certain of the Clintonians 
were prepared to go with their ctit and dry proceed- 
ings, being also conscious, that the people would have 
an opportunity of deciding on the report of this com- 
mittee ; accordingly on their opposition being with- 
drawn, another paper was handed to Mr. Osgood, con- 
taining 63 names ; the committee consisting of 7 from 
each ward. Mr. Osgood thereupon read over these 

22 



338 FREEMEN, 1804. 

names to the meeting, as their committee. DeWitt 
Clinton's men had then the effrontery to move that 
the decision of this committee, whose names they had 
thus written beforehand, should be definite. The 
republicans rejected their proposition with suitable 
contempt, and they were given to understand, that 
the citizens would decide on the report of this com- 
mittee at a subsequent meeting, which they were to 
convene as soon as they were ready. 

It has long been a circumstance ardently desired 
by the republicans, that the elective franchise with 
respect to charter officers should be extended, and 
also, that the mayor of the city should hold an elective 
office. The latter is a point for which our most active 
and upright republicans have long and anxiously 
struggled ; it is one supported by every principle of 
real republicanism, and it doubtless will only be 
opposed by the devoted friends of DeWitt Clinton. 

An Elector. 

Morning Chronicle^ S^eio Y or k,^ January \2th,^ 1804. 



As the members of the Legislature from this city 
soon depart to occupy their seats at Albany, there is 
no surprise at a meeting of the Republicans (as they 
call themselves) having been advertised by William 
Boyd and Samuel Cowdry ; the one officiating as chair- 
man, and the other as secretary. The members of 
Legislature have to receive their instructions, and mat- 
ters to be so planned as that there may be a perfect con- 
cert between the hither and nether end of the State. 

New York Commercial Advertiser^ January 13M., 1804. 



There will be another meeting of the democrats in 
which Samuel Osgood, and not William Boyd, will be 
Chairman, before the members of Legislature, from 
this city, depart for Albany. Positive instructions 



FREEMEN, 1804. 339 

will be given them, as to the grand question debated, 
and some ones of a secret nature, which they are to 
obey under pain of the displeasure of the great Mogul. 
From the opposition made to the resolutions pro- 
posed by the Burrites, at the late meeting of the 
Republicans, it i^ easy to see the designs of the Clin- 
tonians. By the popular measure of extending the 
right of voting, they hoped to carry the next election ; 
but when a resolution was offered to make the Mayor 
elective (the most essential thing of all) they were con- 
founded, and made violent opposition. This touched 
the dagon of the party. On this they had no instruc- 
tions, and they dare not appear without them. It 
may be expected now that the leaders of the Clin- 
tonians will order private meetings, and take their 
measures without consulting the Burrites. 

AVw York Commercial Advertiser, January i^th., 1804. 



Republican Notice. At a meeting of the Committee 
from the different Wards held at Martling's Tavern, 
William Boyd in the chair. On motion, resolved that 
a general meeting of our Republican Fellow-Citizens 
be requested on Tuesday evening the 31st. instant at 
the Union Hotel Hate Adams'), No. 68 William Street, 
precisely at 8 o'clock, to hear the report of the said 
Committee. 

William Boyd, Chairman, 
William L. Rose, Secretary. 
January 31st 

Morning Chronicle, January 3IJ/., 1804. 



Democratic Mob. The democrats, we understand, 
had another meeting last evening, on the old business 
of amending, or rather destroying, the Charter of the 
City. The meeting, we are told, exhibited the discord, 
the tumult, the zeal and the fury of a Parisian mob. 
To an uninterested observer, the scene, if not per- 



340 FREEMEN, 1804. 

fectly disgusting, must have been highly diverting. 
Such noise and confusion — such shouting and hissing, 
and clapping and clamoring — such quarrelling and 
breaking of windows, have rarely been witnessed. If 
the leaders are not already ashamed of their proceed- 
ings, they must surely, in a cooler moment, blush at 
the recollection of such disgraceful conduct. 

At a former meeting, if we rightly understand the 
proceedings, a committee of sixty-three members was 
appointed to consider the expediency of petitioning 
the General Assembly, and (if the measure accorded 
with the views of the committee) to draft a memorial. 
This memorial was to be reported to a general meet- 
ing of Democratic Citizens. When the grand Com- 
mittee met, it appeared that some of the members were 
for incorporating into the memorial, the propositions 
of the Burrites. This suited not the designs of the 
leaders. In their wisdom therefore, but without the 
consent or knowledge of the peopUy they formed, out 
of their number, a select committee of nine — ** all 
chosen men," who are thoroughly initiated into the 
mysteries of the party. The select committee drafted 
a memorial, from which everything savouring of Burr- 
ism was excluded ; and instead of reporting it to the 
general meeting, for the approbation of their fellow- 
citizens, such was their love for the people ! they sent 
it forward to the seat of government. Last evening 
they reported that a memorial of some description or 
other had been drafted and sent to Albany ; and 
moved that this report be adopted. What was meant 
by the motion to adopt this extraordinary Report, is 
not precisely understood. Thus, however, these hutn- 
ble serva7its of the sovereign people manage their own 
affairs, in their own way. And thus the deluded mul- 
titude are hoodwinked and wheedled into the adop- 
tion of a memorial which they have never seen, and 
of which they are totally ignorant. Surely they who 
appointed the committee had a right to see and ex- 
amine the memorial; and had they the dignity and the 



FREEMEN, 1804. 34^ 

spirit of freemen, instead of sanctioning the spurious 
instrument, they would have spurned the unwarrant- 
able proceeding. 

About six o'clock the company began to assemble, 
and at seven the business began. To attempt a delin- 
eation of the various motions or speeches that were 
made on the occasion would be impossible, for the 
continual hue and cry, raised when any of the Little 
Band attempted to speak, precluded the possibility of 
hearing the arguments of all the gentlemen on that 
side of the question. Whenever any favorite object 
of the Clintonians was brought upon the carpet, the 
ablest among their party were permitted to discuss 
the subject, peaceably and undisturbed ; but no sooner 
did a Burrite presume to answer him, than " the ques- 
tion — the question," was reiterated from one end of 
the room to the other. 

It was requested by Mr. David A. Dunham, in case 
of a division, that no Federalist would vote on either 
the one side or the other. He was followed by Citi- 
zen Warner, who insinuated that he had seen Federal 
gentlemen, then in the room, actively employed in 
opposition to the direct sense of the meeting. *' We 
did not request the company of Federalists, Tories, 
&c.," said the same citizen, ** we want none but Repub- 
licans." This gained him great applause. All this 
time Cheetham stuck in one corner of the room, as 
snug as a flea in a blanket, and ever and anon he 
"grinned horribly a ghastly smile." 

While all this was going on in the upper end of the 
room, those at the lower end, who, by the by, could 
not repeat much of what their masters said, were 
bawling for the question, or an adjournment. About 
this time, Mr. M. L. Davis, a young man of some 
talents, and considerable vanity, mounted the ros- 
trum, and was beginning a speech, previous to the 
questions being taken, when the hisses of the multi- 
tude brought him to a level with his fellow-citizens ; 



342 FREEMEN, 1804. 

and It was insisted that no person be permitted to say 
anything more on the subject. A second time he 
rose, and he was again cried down. Now who would 
have thought that a foreigner would have attempted 
to palm his opinions upon the public, after the voice 
of an American had been rejected. Yet so it was — no 
sooner had Mr. Davis sat down, than behold ! 

*' A Cheetham rises in the Senate brave !" 

With confidence he mounted the senatorial car ; but 
his stay was of short continuance ; for no sooner did 
those lips of his prepare to utter the dictates of his 
heart, than he was hurled by the surrounding rabble 
from his lofty summit. And Wortman, too ; yes, he 
was there. 

After voting a petition to the Legislature, to regu- 
late the factor of the State Prison, in his disposal of 
shoes by wholesale, instead of retail, an adjournment 
took place. 

Never did I witness a more motley crew ; and the 
universal disorder and irregularity which prevailed 
were sufficient to create disgust in the respectable 
men of their own party. 

The conclusion was indeed laughable. After an 
adjournment had been carried, the Republicans were 
called upon to deposit with the committee one shilling 
each to defray the expenses of the room. No sooner 
was this request made, than the great body pushed for 
the door ; and from 6 to 700 persons, I am informed, 
that about forty shillings were collected. 

New York Commercial Advertiser, February ist,, 1804. 



Republican Meeting. On Wednesday evening, 
agreeably to notice in the papers, an extremely large 
meeting of republican citizens was held at the Union 
Hotel. William W. Gilbert, Chairman, Samuel Courd- 



FREEMEN, 1804. 343 

ney, Secretary. This meeting was an adjourned one 
from that held on Tuesday, the loth. ult. 

To the utter astonishment of every rational man, 
the committee, whose names had on that former even- 
ing been previously prepared, and were read off from 
a piece of paper by the chairman, reported that they 
had taken the liberty of deciding finally on the sub- 
ject — that they had transmitted a memorial to the 
legislature entirely omitting those resolutions respect- 
ing the office of Mayor ; and that now the business 
was done, the citizens were at liberty to decide. 

Considerable debate took place, in which the sub- 
ject of the following resolutions was discussed. 

1. ** Resolved, That the office of Mayor of this city 
ought to be elective, and that he ought to have a fixed 
salary in /leu of all perquisites." 

2. " Resolved, That the appointments of cartmen, 
retailers of liquor, &c., ought to be made by the counr 
cil of appointment ; and not as at present, discretion- 
ary with the Mayor : and that each applicant should 
pay for license the sum of cents." 

3. ** Resolved, That the office of city and county 
clerk should be held by different persons, and that the 
common council should have the appointment of their 
own clerk." 

In the course of the ensuing debate, those who 
opposed these resolutions were heard by their adver- 
saries with silence and attention ; but when any person 
rose to advocate the principles contained in these 
resolutions, there was a constant noise and tumultuous 
opposition made by their opponents. Attempts had 
been employed to pack the room with a number 
of noisy and riotous characters ; men destitute even of 
citizenship, who were brought in squads to excite dis- 
turbance. To these were added all the petty office- 
holders of the city, who had been taught that they 
must support the dignity and influence of the mayor, 
their patron, at all hazards ; these men, without regard 
to decency, made every effort, by hooting and stamp- 



344 FREEMEN, 1804. 

ing, to prevent any arguments being offered by the 
citizens friendly to the resolutions ; as also to frighten 
timid minded men from expressing the same opinions. 

A question at last came up which tried the strength 
of the two parties — that is, the republicans or little 
bandy as they have been termed, but who are now a 
numerous and powerful host, on the one side, and 
the partizans of DeWitt Clinton, or banditti, as they 
are termed, with their associates, on the other. The 
question was predicated on the amendments proposed 
for the charter, and was as follows : 

" Resolved, That in the opinion of this meeting, the 
office of mayor of the city of New York ought to be 
elective." 

On this question the junto, headed by Mr. Cheet- 
ham, Mr. Wortman and Mr. Edward Ferris, the flour 
inspector, supported by the whole tribe of petty 
office-holders, and the crowd of riotous people whom 
they had introduced, were in the negative. Yet, not- 
withstanding the measures they had taken to pack the 
room with their creatures, and to frighten people 
from voting by their noise, a majority was decidedly 
in favor of making the Mayor elective, when the ques- 
tion was taken by Ayes and Noes. The chairman, 
however, chose to take it again by holding up of 
hands. This last question was neither heard nor under- 
stood by half of the meeting, and on this division the 
question was lost. 

At all events, admitting that it was fairly lost, on 
this last mode of taking the question, it follows that the 
partizans of Mr. DeWitt Clinton have been brought 
from behind the mask, and made at last to show their 
real views, and wishes. They have pronounced a 
public and unqualified opinion '* That the office of 
Mayor of this city ought not to be elective'' They have 
thus abandoned the true republican principle for 
which we have ever fought. And for what ? To ag- 
grandize an ambitious individual. To deprive the 
people of their dearest rights, as Aaron did the 



FREEMEN, 1804. 345 

Israejites of their most precious jewels of old, for the 
purpose of decorating a golden calf, which they expect 
the citizens of New York to fall down and worship. 

An Elector. 

Morning Chronicle ^ New York, February 2d., 1804. 



Charter of the City. It is said that the bill altering 
the qualifications of electors for charter officers has 
passed the Senate with an amendment, making the 
renting of a tenement of the yearly value of twenty- 
five dollars, instead of five fixed by the lower House, 
the qualification, in point of property, of a voter. 
This alteration renders it necessary to return the bill 
to the Assembly, by whom it must be agreed to 
before it is sent to the Council of Revision. There 
can be little doubt of its finally becoming a law, and 
our Charter being thus at an end. 

Neiv York Evening Post, April 2d,, 1804. 



Charter Bill. The bill altering the mode of elec- 
tion prescribed by the Charter of this City, has 
become a law of this State notwithstanding the objec- 
tions made by the Council of Revision. It was carried 
in both houses by more than the requisite numbers, 
71 voting in favor of it in the Assembly and 16 
against it; and in the Senate 21 in favor of it and 5 
against it. The whole strength of the prevailing 
party appears to have been brought to bear on this 
question in obsequious obedience to the commands of 
His High Mightiness who presides over our City. 
The pretended republicans of the day bow with sub- 
mission to the arbitrary dictates of this pride-swollen 
chieftain ; in this consists the essence of that inde- 
pendence of sentiment of which they make such an 
everlasting prattling. Blessed republicanism, where 
the orders of one man are to be implicitly obeyed, 



346 FREEMEN, 1 804. 

without ever stopping to enquire whetTier they are 
right or wrong ! It is enough for these subtle 
patriots, that D[eWitt] C[linton] has proclaimed his 
sovereign will and pleasure, and all opinion of their 
own vanishes ; all exercise of intellectual powers is at 
an end. Accordingly we find men voting for this bill, 
who a year ago reprobated it as the greatest evil that 
party violence could produce. What is the inference ? 
Why, that his Honor the Mayor wants a more pliant 
council, and one who will bend to his nod, and become 
the instruments of his vengeance. Hence it is that the 
Charter is destroyed, and one of the most ''salutary 
principles of our Government" prostrated. 

We are informed that Chief Justice Lewis and 
Judge Spencer were the only two members of the 
Council who voted for the bill ; from Governor Clin- 
ton it met with his decided disapprobation. He yet 
retains too sacred a regard for chartered rights to 
offer them up a wanton sacrifice to his party ; not 
even the powerful consideration of aiding the views of 
his hopeful nephew, could prevail on him to assent to 
a measure pregnant with mischiefs to this city, which 
every day's experience will unfold. 

New York Evening Post, April loM., 1 804. 



Proceedings of the Legislature on the revision of the 

Charter, 1804. 

In Assembly. 

February 6th. The Memorial of the general com- 
mittee, in behalf of the citizens of the city of New 
York, praying for the extension of the elective fran- 
chise, in relation to the choice of Charter officers, and 
for other improvements in the Charter of the said city, 
was read and referred to a select committee, consisting 
of the members attending this house from the city 
and county of New York. [Henry Rutgers, Solomon 



FREEMEN, 1804. 347 

Townsend, George Clinton, Jr., James Warner, Wil- 
liam Few, Peter H. Wendover, Peter A, Schenck, 
Samuel Bradhurst and Peter Curtenius.] 

February ?>th. Mr. Few, from the committee to 
whom was referred the memorial of the general com- 
mittee of the republican citizens of New York, pray- 
ing for the amendment of the charter of the said city, 
reported as follows : — 

That they had taken the said memorial into mature 
consideration, and are unanimously of opinion, that 
the grievances therein complained of call for legisla- 
tive redress ; and have therefore directed their chair- 
man to ask for leave to bring in a bill for that purpose. 
Ordered, That leave be given accordingly. 

Mr. Few, pursuant to leave, brought in the said bill, 
entitled '* An Act relative to the election of Charter 
officers in the city of New York," which was read the 
first time, and ordered a second reading. 

February ()th. The bill was read a second time and 
committed to a committee of the whole. 

February i^^th. The remonstrance of the Corpora- 
tion of the city of New York, against the contem- 
plated amendments to the Charter of the said city, 
was read, and referred to the committee of the whole, 
when on the bill.* 

February 2\st, Ordered, That the bill, entitled 
** An Act relative to the election of Charter officers in 
the city of New York," be made the order of the day 
for Tuesday next. 

February 2%th. The House resolved itself into a 
committee of the whole on the bill relative to the elec- 
tion of Charter officers in the city of New York, and 
after some time spent thereon, Mr. Speaker resumed 
the chair, and Mr. Looker, from the said committee, 
reported progress and asked for and obtained leave to 
sit again. 

February igih. The House again resolved itself 

*This was the same memorial presented at the previous session, see page 314. 
It was published by order of the Common Council in the newspapers ot the city. 



348 FREEMEN, 1804. 

into a committee of the whole on the bill, and after 
some time spent thereon, Mr. Speaker resumed the 
chair, and Mr. Looker, from the said committee, 
reported, that in further proceedings on the said bill a 
motion was made, that the same should be rejected. 

That debates were had on the said motion, and the 
question having been put thereon, it passed in the 
negative [nays 71, yeas 10]. 

Mr. Looker further reported progress and asked for 
and obtained leave to sit again. Ordered, That the 
said bill be made the order of the day for to-morrow. 

March \st. The house again resolved itself into a 
committee of the whole on the bill for the election of 
Charter officers, and after some time spent thereon, 
Mr. Speaker resumed the chair, and Mr. Looker, from 
the said committee, reported that in further proceed- 
ings on the said bill. Mr. Wisner made a motion, that 
the committee should agree to a clause in the words 
following, to wit : 

Aiid be it further enacted, That the Mayor of the 
said city shall receive, as a compensation for his ser- 
vices, in lieu of his fees and perquisites he now receives, 
the sum of to be paid quarterly by the Chamber- 
lain of the said city ; and that the Clerk of the city 
and county of New York shall receive, as a compen- 
sation for his services, in lieu of the fees and perqui- 
sites he now receives, the sum of to be paid 
quarterly by the Chamberlain of the said city ; and 
that the said Mayor and Clerk of the said city shall 
continue to receive all such fees and perquisites as 
they have heretofore been accustomed to receive, and 
shall keep an account thereof, and shall exhibit such 
account quarterly to the Common Council of the said 
city ; who, having examined and filed the same in the 
office of the Chamberlain of the said city, the said 
Mayor and Clerk shall respectively pay the amount 
thereof to the said Chamberlain, all which monies shall 
be applied to the public use of the said Mayor, Alder- 
men and Commonalty of the said city of New York. 



FREEMEN, 1804. 349 

Then Mr. Wendover moved the previous question 
on the said clause, viz, — Shall the main question be 
now put ? 

That debates were had thereon, and the question 
having been put on the said motion, it was carried in 
the affirmative. [Yeas 64, nays 1 3.] 

The question having been put, whether the com- 
mittee would agree to the said clause, it passed in 
the negative. [Nays 60, yeas 18.] 

That a motion was made to fill up the blank in the 
fifth section of the said bill, with the words twenty-five. 
That the question having been put thereon, it passed 
in the negative. [Nays 58, yeas 22.] 

That a motion was made, that the said blank should 
be filled up with the word twenty. That the question 
having been put thereon, it passed in the negative. 
[Nays 56, yeas 22.] 

That a motion was made, that the said blank ^ould 
be filled up with the word five. That the question 
having been put thereon, it was carried in the affirma- 
tive. [Yeas 60, nays 13.] 

Mr. Looker further reported progress, and asked 
for and obtained leave to sit again. 

March 2d, The House again resolved itself into a 
committee of the whole, on the bill, entitled " An Act 
relative to the election of Charter officers in the city 
of New York," and after some time spent thereon, 
Mr. Speaker resumed the chair, and Mr. Looker, 
from the said committee, reported, that the committee 
had gone through the bill, made amendments, added 
clauses, filled up the blanks, and agreed to the same ; 
which he was directed to report to the house : And he 
read the report in his place, and delivered the same in 
at the table, where it was again read and agreed to by 
the House. Ordered^ That the bill be engrossed. 

March ^th. The engrossed bill was read the third 
time. Resolved, That the bill do pass. Ordered, That 
Mr. Hunter and Mr. Kennedy, deliver the bill to the 
honorable the Senate, and request their concurrence. 



350 FREEMEN, 1804. 

March 2()th. A message from the honorable the 
Senate, delivered by Mr. Van Bergen and Mr. Van 
Schoonhoven was read, informing this House, that the 
Senate have passed the bill, with amendments there- 
with delivered. 

The bill and amendments having been read, and the 
amendments having been again read, were severally 
concurred in by the House, and the bill amended ac- 
cordingly. 

Ordered, That Mr. Rutgers and Mr. Sanford, de- 
liver the bill and amendments to the honorable the 
Senate, and inform them that this House have con- 
curred in their amendments to the said bill, and have 
amended the same accordingly. 

March '}pth. The honorable the Senate returned 
by Mr. Van Scoonhoven and Mr. Van Vechten, the 
bill entitled *' An Act relative to the election of Char- 
ter officers in the city of New York." Ordered, That 
Mr. Schermerhorn and Mr. Schuyler, deliver the bill 
to the honorable the Council of Revision. 

April ^th. A message from the honorable the 
Council of Revision, delivered by his honor Mr. Jus- 
tice Kent, was read, and is in the words following, to 
wit : 

The Council object to the bill, entitled '' An Act 
relative to the election of Charter officers in the city 
of New York," because the bill contains important 
alterations in the Charter of the said city, and it not 
appearing in the bill by recital, or otherwise, that the 
same were made upon the application, or with the 
consent of the parties interested, it is to be intended 
that they are made without such application or con- 
sent : And although it be granted, that such an inter- 
ference would be justified by some strong public 
necessity, it is not to be presumed by the Council, 
that any such necessity exists in the present case, as 
none are recited in the bill, or appear from the pro- 
visions in it ; and it has been considered as a settled 
and salutary principle in our government, that in all 



r 



FREEMEN, 1804. 35 1 

cases where the ordinary process of law affords a com- 
petent remedy, Charters of incorporation, containing* 
grants of personal and municipal privileges, were not 
to be essentially effected without the consent of the 
parties concerned. 

Geo. Clinton. 

April ^th. The House proceeded to the considera- 
tion of the objections of the honorable the Council 
of Revision to the bill, as entered on the journals of 
this House of yesterday. 

The said objections having been again read, and 
considered, and the said bill having been read and 
re-considered, Mr. Speaker put the question, whether 
the said bill, notwithstanding the objections of the hon- 
orable the Council of Revision to the same, shall be 
a law of this State, and it was carried in the affirma- 
tive. • [Yeas 71, nays i6.] 

Thereupon-Resolved, That the said bill, notwith- 
standing the objections' of the honorable the Council 
of Revision to the same, be a law of this State. 

Ordered, That Mr. B. Thompson and Mr. J. Thomp- 
son deliver the said bill, objections, and a copy of the 
preceding resolution, to the honorable the Senate. 

In the Senate. 

March $th. A message from the honorable the As- 
sembly, delivered by Mr. Hunter and Mr. Kennedy, 
was received, with the following bill for concurrence, 
viz., the bill entitled '* An Act relative to the election 
of Charter officers, in the city of New York," which 
was read the first time, and ordered a second reading. 

March 6th. The bill was read a second time and 
committed to a committee of the whole. 

March 27 th. Mr. Taylor, from the committee of the 
whole on the bill, reported progress, and obtained 
leave to sit again. 

March iZth. Mr. Taylor, from the committee of the 



352 FREEMEN, 1804. 

whole, reported, that in proceeding in the said bill, 
'and after the same had been read in the committee, 
Mr. Van Vechten made a motion that the same should 
be rejected, and the question having been put thereon, 
it passed in the negative. [Nays 20, yeas 6.] 

That in proceeding further in the bill, a clause 
thereof was again reaa in the words following, viz. : 

''And be it further enacted, That all persons who 
are qualified by the Charter of the said city, to vote 
for Charter officers, and every male citizen of this 
State, or of any of the United States, of the age of 
twenty-one years and upwards, who shall have resided 
in the said city for the space of six months preceding 
said election, and shall during that time have rented a 
tenement of the yearly value of dollars, and have 
paid any taxes within the said city, and is not dis- 
qualified by law, shall vote at such election for Char- 
ter officers, and shall be entitled to all the rights and 
privileges of a Freeman of the said city." 

Then Mr. L'Hommedieu made a motion, that the 
committee should agree to a substitute to the said 
clause, in the words Tollowing, viz. : 

WhereaSy By the Charter of the said city it is or- 
dained, That no person whatever not being a free 
citizen of the said city, shall at any time use any art, 
trade, mystery, or occupation within the said city, liber- 
ties and precincts thereof, or shall by himself or others, 
sell or expose to sale any manner of goods, wares, 
merchandises, or commodities in any house, shop, 
place, or standing within the said city, or the liberties 
or precints thereof, (save in the time of public fairs :) 

A7id Whereas, It is evidently the intention and 
spirit of the said Charter, that no person who is not a 
Freeman of the said city, should be permitted to carry 
on any art, trade, or merchandise within the same : — 

Ajid Whereas, Notwithstanding such prohibition 
and obvious intention, many wholesome inhabitants 
have moved into the said city, and have been per- 
mitted to carry on their arts, trades, mysteries, merchan- 



FREEMEN, 1804. 353 

dise and occupations, and have contributed to the 
public expenses and performed the duties exacted of 
citizens, without having been made Freemen of the 
said city, whereby its population and wealth have been 
greatly increased, and its arts and commerce pro- 
moted : — 

And Whereas, Doubts do exist whether such citi- 
zens are entitled to vote for Charter officers, until 
they first have been made Freemen of the said city, 
according to the particular mode prescribed by the 
said Charter : Therefore, 

Be it further e^iadedy That all persons qualified by 
the Charter of the said city to vote for Charter offi- 
cers, and all persons who have resided for the space 
of one year before the passing of this act, or who for 
the space of six months thereafter shall reside in the 
city of New York, and who have used any art, trade, 
mystery, or occupation within the same, or have ex- 
posed to sale any manner of goods, wares, merchan- 
dises or commodities in any house, place, shop or 
standing thereof, for the term aforesaid (save in the 
times of public fairs) without any penalty or forfeiture 
having been exacted of him or them therefor, by the 
Mayor, Aldermen and Commonalty of the said city, 
shall be considered and taken as a free citizen of the 
said city, as by the the tacit consent of the said 
Mayor, Aldermen and Commonalty, and shall be en- 
titled to vote for the Charter officers, and enjoy all 
other rights, privileges and immunities belonging to 
Freemen of said city : — 

Provided neverthelesSy That no person shall vote at 
any such election except in the ward in which he shall 
actually reside, and that no person shall be deemed 
and taken to be a Freeman of the said city aforesaid, 
who has not for six months next, and immediately 
preceding the election, rented a tenement of the 
yearly value of dollars within the said city, and 
who shall not have taken and subscribed an oath 
before the Mayor, Recorder or an Alderman of the 

23 



354 FREEMEN, 1804. 

said city, and caused the same to be filed in the office 
of the Clerk of the said city, in the words following, 
to wit. 

I, of the ward of the city of New York, 

do solemnly and sincerely swear and declare, that 1 
have resided in the said city for the space of one year 
immediately previous to the first day of April, 1804, ^ind 
now am a resident in the said city (or if the residence 
commenced after the said ist. of April, 1804,) then 
for the space of six months immediately preceding 
the date hereof, and that I have for the aforesaid 
space of one year (or six months, as the case may be) 
actually and openly carried on in the said city, the art, 
trade, mystery or occupation (as the case may be, 
naming the particular art, trade, mystery or occupa- 
tion of such person) without any fine or penalty hav- 
ing been exacted of me for the same, by the Mayor, 
Aldermen and Commonalty of the said city. 

That the question having been put, whether the 
committee did agree to the said substitute, it passed 
in the negative. [Nays 16, yeas 7.] 

Mr. Taylor further reported, that the committee 
had gone through the bill, made amendments, and 
agreed to the same ; which he was directed to report to 
the Senate : And he read the report in his place, and 
delivered the same in at the table, where it was again 
read, and agreed to by the Senate. 

Ordered, That the amendments be engrossed. 

March 29M. The bill with the engrossed amend- 
ments was read the third time. 

The President put the question whether the bill 
should pass, and it was carried in the affirmative. 
[Yeas 17, nays 6.] 

Thereupon, Resolved, That the bill do pass. 

Ordered, That Mr. Van Bergen and Mr. Van 
Schoonhoven, deliver the bill with the amendments to 
the honorable the Assembly, and inform them that 
the Senate have passed the bill with the amendments 
therewith delivered. 



FREEMEN, 1 804, 355 

The honorable the Assembly returned by Mr. Rut- 
gers and Mr. Sanford the bill, informing that they 
had concurred in the amendments of the Senate to 
the said bill, and had amended the bill accordingly. 
The amended bill having been examined, Orderedy 
That Mr. Van Vechten and Mr. Veeder, return the 
bill to the honorable the Assembly. 

April 5thy A message from the honorable the As- 
sembly, delivered by Mr. B. Thompson and Mr. J. 
Thompson, was received, with the bill, together with 
the objections of the Council of Revision. 

The Senate having considered the said objections, 
and also re-considered the said bill, Mr. President 
put the question whether the said bill (notwithstanding 
the objection of the honorable the Council of Revision 
to the same) should become a law of this State, it 
was carried in the affirmative by more than two-thirds 
of the members present. [Ayes 21, nays 5.I 

Thereupon — Resolved, That the said bill, notwith- 
standing the objections of the honorable the Council 
of Revision to the same, become a law of this State. 



An Act relative to the election of Charter Officers in 

the city of New York. 

Passed April 5th., 1804. 

Be it enacted by the people of the State of New 
York, represented in senate and assembly. That the 
anniversary election for charter officers to be chosen 
in and for the city of New York, shall commence on 
the third Tuesday of November in every year, and 
that all such elections shall be by ballot, and may be 
continued by adjournment from day to day, for two 
days successively including the first : and that all 
officers so chosen, shall be sworn into and commence 
the duties of their respective offices, on the first Mon- 
day of December thereafter. 

And be it further enacted, That the Mayor, Alder- 



356 FREEMEN, 1804. 

men, and Commonalty of the said city, shall, on such 
day in the month of November in every year, as to 
them shall seem meet, at least eight days before the 
annual election above established, fix upon a proper 
place in each of the wards of the said city, where such 
election shall be held, and shall nominate and appoint 
three fit and discreet persons, residents and electors 
thereof, inspectors of the said election ; and further, 
that in case any one or more of the said inspectors 
shall die, remove out of the said city, refuse to serve, 
or be rendered incapable of attending any of the said 
elections before, or on the day on which the same is 
to be held, that it shall be lawful for the Mayor, 
Aldermen and Commonalty in every such case, and 
they are hereby required, to appoint another such per- 
son or persons in the room of the person or persons 
before appointed. And in case the said Mayor, 
Aldermen and Commonalty, shall neglect or refuse to 
make such appointment, it shall be lawful for the 
Mayor of the said city, and he is hereby enjoined, to 
appoint such other inspector or inspectors. 

A7id be it further efiacted, That the inspectors of 
each ward, whenever an election is to be held therein, 
shall by writing under their hands, to be fixed up in 
at least five of the most public places in such ward, 
give six days notice of the time and place, when and 
where, the said election is to be held, and at the time 
and place of opening such election. The said in- 
spectors shall publicly administer to each other, and 
severally take the following oath or affirmative: ** I, 

, do solemnly and sincerely declare and 

swear (or affirm), in the presence of Almighty God, 
that I will in all things, honestly, faithfully and im- 
partially, and according to the best of my knowledge 
and abilities, execute the office of Inspector of this 
election ; and that I will faithfully and impartially 
canvass and estimate the ballots taken at the said 
election, and certify a true and just statement of the 
same according to my best understanding ; and if I 



FREEMEN, 1804. 357 

shall discover any other person or persons who shall 
attend with me for the purpose aforesaid, conduct 
himself or themselves partially, unduly, or corruptly 
in the premises, that I will divulge or discover the 
same, to the end that the persons so offending may 
be brought to justice." 

And further, That in each ward the inspectors shall 
appoint one competent clerk of such election, who 
shall keep a poll list of the same under the direction 
of the inspectors, and shall take the following oath, to 

be administered by the said inspectors. " I, , 

do solemnly and sincerely declare and swear, that I 
will faithfully, truly, honestly and impartially keep the 
poll list of this election, and in all things, according to 
the best of my knowledge and abilities, will do )and 
perform my duty as a clerk thereof." And the said 
clerk shall be allowed for his services at the rate of 
two dollars per day. And the said inspectors shall 
preside at said election, and conduct and direct the 
same according to the regulations of this act, and be 
the returning officers thereof, in manner hereinafter 
directed. And the inspectors and clerk being sworn 
as aforesaid, the said inspectors shall cause proclama- 
tion to be made three times as follows, viz : " Hear 
ye ! hear ye ! hear ye ! the poll of this election is 
opened, and all manner of persons attending the same, 
are strictly charged and commanded, by the authority 
and in the name of the people of this state, to keep 
the peace thereof during their attendance at this elec- 
tion, upon pain of imprisonment," which proclamation 
shall be repeated at every opening of the poll, after 
an adjournment thereof ; and proclamation of every 
such adjournment and closing thereof shall also in 
like manner be made. Provided always, that the 
proclamation by which the same shall be closed, shall 
be preceded three hours before, by a proclamation 
notifying the same will be closed. And the poll of 
ever)' such election shall be open in the day time only, 
between the rising and setting of the sun, and shall be 



358 FREEMEN, 1804. 

opened at or before ten o'clock in the morning of every 
day on which the said election shall be held. 

And be it further enacted. That all persons who are 
qualified by the Charter of the said City to vote for 
Charter officers ; and every male citizen of this State, 
or of any of the United States, of the age of twenty- 
one years and upwards, who shall have resided in the 
said city for the space of six months preceding said 
election, and shall, during that time, have rented a 
tenement of the' yearly value of twenty-five dollars, 
and have paid any taxes within the said City, and is 
not disqualified by law, shall vote at such election for 
Charter officers, and shall be entitled to all the rights 
and privileges of a Freeman of the said City. Pro- 
vided always — 

And it is hereby further enacted, That no person 
shall vote at any election, except in the ward in which 
he shall actually reside. 

And be it further enacted. That every mortgagor 
or mortgagee when in possession of the mortgaged 
premises (and not otherwise) shall be deemed a free- 
holder within the meaning of this act. And that no 
person holding lands, tenements, or hereditaments in 
trust for any body politic or corporation, or for any 
pious use or purpose, shall thereby acquire or possess 
a right to vote. 

And be it further enacted, That the mode of con- 
ducting every such election shall be as follows : — Every 
person who shall be qualified to vote at such election 
for Charter officers by virtue of this act, and shall 
offer himself to vote, shall at such election openly 
deliver his ballot to one of the inspectors ; which bal- 
lot shall be a paper ticket, containing the name of a 
person for Alderman, and the name of a person for 
Assistant of the said ward, and the name of such 
other officer or officers as shall be to be chosen in the 
ward in which the elector shall reside, or such and so 
many of them respectively as he shall think proper to 
vote for, severally written on the same paper ticket, 



FREEMEN, l804, 359 

designating who is voted for as Alderman, and who 
for Assistant, and the like for all the officers to be 
chosen at such election, and for whom the said elector 
shall think proper to vote ; and the said paper ticket 
shall be so folded or closed as to conceal the writing 
thereon ; and on receipt of every such ballot, the 
inspector shall cause the name of the elector to be 
entered in the poll list by the clerk, and shall cause 
the ballot, without suffering the same to be in- 
spected, to be put into a box to be provided for the 
purpose, with a sufficient lock thereto, which box shall 
be locked, and the key. thereof kept during the elec- 
tion by any one of the inspectors, selected by the 
majority of them ; and a small hole shall be made in 
the lid or cover of the box, sufficient only to receive 
such ballot, and through which all ballots shall be put 
into the box, and which box shall be opened at the 
times hereinafter njentioned. And further, that on 
every adjournment of the poll, the poll list shall be 
examined by the inspectors, and every mistake shall 
be corrected according to their judgement ; whereupon 
the box shall be opened, and the poll list put into it 
and locked up therein, and the key delivered to such 
one of the inspectors as the majority shall appoint, and 
the seal of one of them shall be put on the said box, 
so as to cover the hole in the lid thereof, and the box 
shall then be delivered to such other of the inspectors 
attending such election as a majority of them shall 
direct, who shall carefully keep the same, and shall, 
without suffering the same to be opened, or the said 
seal broken or removed, deliver the same box in at the 
election table at the next opening of the poll, in pres- 
ence of all the spectators attending such election, when 
and where the seal shall be broken, and the box opened, 
and the poll list taken out, and the box again locked in 
order to proceed in the said election, which course shall 
be observed and pursued until the poll be finally closed. 
And be it further enacted. That whenever any per- 
son shall present himself to give his vote or ballot at 



360 FREEMEN, 1 804. 

any such election, as qualified by the Charter of the 
said city and this law, to vote for Charter officers ; 
and either of the inspectors shall inspect, or any other 
elector in such ward shall challenge him to be unquali- 
fied for the purpose, the inspectors shall tender and 
administer to him the following oath or affirmation. 

** I, , do solemnly and sincerely swear (or 

affirm) that I am a freeholder, and that I hold my estate 
by descent or devise (if sach shall be the case, and if 
he shall not so hold, then), and that I have been so 
for one month next, preceding this election, and pos- 
sessed in my own right, or in my wife's right (as the 
case may be), of a freehold in the city of New- York, 
and that I do not hold the same in trust for any body, 
politic or corporate, or for any pious or religious use 
whatsoever ; and that I have not procured the said 
freehold under any obligation or promise to convey 
the same to any other person after this election, or 
(as the case may be) that I am, and have been for 
three months last past, a freeman of the said city, and 
do actually reside in the said ward in which I now 
offer to vote (or as the case may be), and that I have 
for six months next, and immediately preceding this 
election, rented a tenement of the yearly value of 
twenty-five dollars within the said city, and have been 
rated, and actually have paid taxes within the same, 
and that I am now an actual resident in the ward in 
which I now offer to vote, and that I have not been 
polled before at this election." And that in case any 
elector shall refuse to take the oath so tendered to 
him, he shall lose his vote at such election. And if at 
any such election, an inspector shall receive the vote 
of any elector, who being tendered the said oath, shall 
refuse to take the same, such inspector shall, for each 
offence, forfeit the sum of twenty-five dollars to any 
person who will sue for the same, to be recovered with 
costs. And further, the said inspectors are hereby 
required to administer the said oath to any person 
who shall voluntarily offer to take the same. 



FREEMEN, 1804. 36 1 

And be it further enacted, That after finally closing 
the poll of any such election, the inspectors of the 
wards in which such election shall be held, shall pro- 
ceed without delay, publicly to open the boxes con- 
taining the said ballots, and shall first count the said 
ballots unopened, and if the number of the ballots in 
the said box shall exceed the number of electors con- 
tained in the poll list, the said inspectors shall draw 
out and destroy, unopened, so many of the said ballots 
as shall amount to the excess, and the said inspectors 
shall then proceed to canvass and estimate the said 
ballots, and if two or more ballots are found folded or 
rolled up together they shall not be estimated : and the 
said inspectors shall complete the said canvass on the 
day subsequent to the closing of the poll, or sooner, 
and thereupon shall set down in writing the names of 
the several candidates for the respective offices, with the 
number of votes for each, and shall thereupon certify 
and declare who have the majority of votes for each 
respective office, and shall subscribe their names 
thereto, and by one of them, to be appointed for that 
purpose by a majority of them, shall immediately 
deliver the said certificate (the said inspectors keeping 
a duplicate thereof) to the clerk of the city, or his 
deputy, who shall record the same in a book to be 
kept for that purpose. 

And be it further enacted, That if any person shall 
be guilty of any disorderly conduct at any such elec- 
tion, or during the time of the canvass and estimate 
aforesaid, the major part of the inspectors at such 
election are hereby authorized and required to com- 
mit the offender to the gaol of the said city, there to 
remain during the pleasure of the said inspectors, pro- 
vided, that such imprisonment shall in no case exceed 
six hours after the canvass of such election shall be 
finished. And all Sheriffs, Under-Sheriffs, Constables 
and Gaolers, are hereby strictly charged and required 
to aid and obey the inspectors herein. 

Ajid be it further enacted. That if any of the Alder- 



362 FREEMEN, 1804. 

men, or other officers of the said city, chosen as afore- 
said, shall refuse to serve, die, or remove out of the 
said city, before the expiration of the time for which 
he was chosen to serve in any such office; or shall not 
be legally qualified to serve in such office ; then and 
in every such case, such office shall be deemed to be 
vacant, and the Mayor, Aldermen, and Commonalty, 
in Common Council convened, shall order an election 
to be held to fill up every such vacancy, which shall 
be held, regulated and conducted in the same manner 
as is prescribed in this act for the anniversary election 
of Charter officers. 

And be it further enacted. That if any of the said 
inspectors shall be guilty of any wilful neglect of the 
duties required of them by this act, or of any partial 
or corrupt conduct in the execution of the same, and 
be thereof convicted ; every of them so offending 
and convicted shall forfeit and pay for every such 
offence the sum of five hundred dollars, to be re- 
covered by action of debt, or by information in any 
court of record, the one moiety thereof to the use of 
any person who shall prosecute for the same, and the 
other moiety thereof to the use of the Mayor, Alder- 
men, and Commonalty of the said city ; and if the 
prosecutor in any such suit shall prevail, he shall 
likewise recover his costs of suit against the person 
convicted ; but if the person so proceeded against shall 
be acquitted, he shall recover double costs against the 
prosecutor, and no process shall issue to bring in the 
party accused, until bond be filed in the office of 
the clerk of the Court, out of which the process shall 
issue, in the penalty of two hundred and fifty dollars, 
with two sufficient freeholders as sureties, such as the 
court shall approve, to secure the defendant double 
costs, to become due on a discontinuance, withdrawing 
of the suit, or an acquittal, or neglect to bring the 
same to trial within five terms after the appearance 
of the defendant to answer the same. And further, 
that every person so convicted shall also suffer the 



FREEMEN, l804, 3^3 

same pains and penalties, as in cases of wilful and cor- 
rupt perjury, and shall from and after such conviction 
be utterly disqualified to hold or enjoy any place of 
office in this state. 

And be it further enacted, That whoever shall by 
bribery, menace, or other corrupt means or device 
whatsoever, either directly or indirectly, attempt to 
influence any elector of this city in giving his vote or 
ballot, or deter him from giving the same at any 
election within said city by virtue of this act, and 
shall thereof be convicted, such person so offending 
and convicted shall forfeit and pay for every such 
offence five hundred dollars, to be sued for and re- 
covered by any person, and in the manner and under 
restrictions above prescribed, in actions to be brought 
for neglect of duty or corrupt conduct ; one moiety of 
which penalty shall be recovered to the use of the 
person prosecuting for the same, and the other moiety 
thereof to the use of the Mayor, Aldermen, and 
Commonalty of the said city ; and on such conviction, 
the person convicted shall forever thereafter be utterly 
disqualified to hold, exercise, or enjoy any office, or 
place of trust or profit, within this state. 

And be it further enacted. That no officer, or other 
person, shall call out, or order any of the militia of the 
said city to appear, or exercise on any day during any 
election to be held by virtue of this act, except in 
cases of invasion or insurrection, on pain of forfeiting 
the sum of one hundred dollars for every such offence, 
to be recovered by any person who will sue for the same 
with costs ; the one moiety of such penalty to his 
own use, and the other moiety thereof to the use of 
the Mayor, Aldermen, and Commonalty of the said 
city. 

And be it further enacted. That it shall not be law- 
ful for any officer or minister of justice to serve any 
civil process in the said city on any person entitled to 
vote at any election to be held by virtue of this act, 
on any day during such election. 




364 FREEMEN, T804. 

And be it further enacted. That it shall be lav 
for every person hereafter to be appointed Mayor 
the said city at any time within twenty days after si 
appointment, to take the oaths prescribed by 
Charter of the said city, to be taken by such Maj 
before such person or persons as may be appointed 
commission, under the great seal of this state, in 
nature of a Dcdimus Potestatum, to administer 
oaths required to be taken by persons holding offi 
under this state in the said city, instead of taking 
oaths in the presence of three or more Aldermen 
the said city. 

And he it further enacted^ That it shall be lav 
for the person administering the government of I 
state by and with the advice and consent of the Co 
cil of Appointment yearly, hereafter, to appoint 
several Charter officers who are to be annually 
pointed at any time during the session of the legi 
ture in every year, and every officer so appoin 
shall hold his office for one year from the time of 
appointment, and until another shall be appoin 
and sworn in his stead. 

And be it further enacted. That the collector of e 
ward shall, before he enters upon the execution of 
duties of his office, give bond to the Mayor, Ale 
men, and Commonalty of the said city, with s 
surety or sureties, and in such penalty as the Ch 
berlain or Treasurer of the said city shall deem 
ficient, conditioned for the true and faithful perfo 
ance of the office of Collector, and in case of 
neglect or refusal so to do, his office shall be con: 
ered as vacant, and the Common Council order a i 
election. 

Ajid be it further enact cd. That the act entit 
** An Act relative to the election of Charter offic 
and relative to Weigh-masters in the city of N 
York," passed the 7th. day of April, 1801, except 
last section thereof, shall be, and the same is her 
repealed. 



FREEMEN, 1804-7. 365 

State of New- York,/) 
Secretary's Office, j 

I certify the preceding to be a true copy of an act 
of the Legislature, now on file in this office. 

Arch'd M'Intyre, Dep. Sec'ry. 
Albany, May i6th., i8o4. 



At a Common Council held the 24th. Day of Novem- 
ber, 1806. 

ohn Hatfield, 
ames Drake, Merchant, 
Jacob Mott, Grocer, 
Samuel Torbert, Physician, 
Samuel Cowdrey, Attorney at Law, 
Joseph Bond, 
appeared before the Mayor and Aldermen and took 
the oath as Freemen of the City of New York. 



The corporation consists of the Mayor, Recorder, 
Aldermen and Assistants ; they possess the power of 
making Freemen of the said corporation ; and all per- 
sons exercising trades, or following occupations, in the 
city (except in the public fairs), without first purchas- 
ing their freedom, are liable to be fined five pounds. 
Aliens are forbidden to be made Freemen of the city, 
until after they have been naturalized or denizenized. 
But this part of the Charter has, of late years, been 
but little acted upon. Freemen are seldom created ; 
and no prosecutions are brought against those who 
carry on business without taking out their freedom. 

The Picture of New York, by Samuel L, Mite hill, 1807. 



At a Common Council held the i6th. Day of Novem- 
ber, 1807. 

Samuel Marsh, Shipwright, qualified as a Freeman 
of this City. 



366 FREEMEN, 1808. 

At a Common Council held the.ioth. Day of October, 

1808. 

The petition of Joseph Burjeau (Shoemaker) and 
James Hardie, to be admitted Freemen of this City, 
was granted, who appeared and took the Freeman's 
oath prescribed by the Charter. 

Alderman John Bingham, Merchant, 
Alderman Jacob Mott, Grocer, 
Alderman Thurston Wood, Auctioneer, 
Alderman James Drake, Merchant, 
Assistant John W. Mulligan, Attorney at 

Law, 
Assistant Thomas I. Campbell, Lumber 

Merchant, 
Samuel Cowdrey, Attorney at Law, 
Jacob P. Roome, Carpenter, 
Edward Moran, Merchant Tailor, 
were respectively, on application, admitted Freemen 
and took the Freeman s oath. 



At a Common Council held the 17th. Day of October, 

1808. 

The following persons, on application, were ad- 
mitted Freemen of this City, and respectively took 
the oath prescribed by the Charter : 

Josiah Shippey Jun^, Teacher, 

Andrew I. McLaughlin, Steward of Alms 
House, 

Leonard Warner, Carpenter, 

Israel Lewis, Carpenter, 

John P. Roome, Sailmaker, 

William I, Waldron, Grocer. 



At a Common Council held the 24th. Day of October 

1 808. 

The following persons, on application, were ad- 



FREEMEN, 1808-9 367 

mitted Freemen of this City, and respectively took 
the oath prescribed by the Charter : 

Doctor John A. Graham, LL.D., Counsellor 
at Law, 

Isaac A. Van Hook, Attorney at Law, 

John Mooney, Shipmaster, 

William P. Roome, 

William L. Mott, Merchant, 

Charles A. McPherson, Mason, 

Oliver Hebbert, 

Thomas Mooney, Grocer. 



At a Common Council held the 14th. Day of Novem- 
ber, 1808. 

The following persons were admitted Freemen of 
this City and took the oath prescribed by Charter : 

William Davison, 
Isaac S. Douglass, Merchant, 
Charles Freeman, Hairdresser, 
Abraham Brouwer, Tailor, 
Obadiah Sands, 
Andrew Otterson, Tailor. 



At a Common Council held the 20th. Day of February, 

1809. 

Daniel I. Ebbets, China Storekeeper, 

Jacob S. Myers, 
were admitted Freemen of this City, and severally 
took the oath prescribed by Law. 



At a meeting of the Common Council held the 14th. 

Day of August, 1809. 

William Devoe of the Ninth Ward, Cordwainer, 
was admitted a Freeman of this Corporation and took 
the oath prescribed by the Charter. 



• 



368 FREEMEN, 1809-I2. 

At a meeting of the Common Council held the 

Day of November, 1809. 

Roswell Graves, Merchant, William Welling, 
spector of Beef and Pork, and John A. Harding v 
admitted to the Freedom of this City, and sever 
took the oaths prescribed by the Charter. 



At a meeting of the Common Council held the 2 

Day of November, 1809. 

Benjamin C. Stevens was admitted to the F 
dom of this City and took the oath prescribed by 
Charter. 

At a Common Council held the i8th. Day of Nov 

ber, 181 1. 

Josiah Hcdden, Attorney and Counsellor at L 
was admitted a Freeman of the City and took the c 
prescribed by the Charter. • 



At a Common Council held the loth. Day of Aug 

1812. 

Resolved, In consideration of the high sense en 
tained by the Corporation of the City of New Yc 
of the important and beneficial services rendered 
the United States in general, and more particularlj 
interests and accommodation of this City, by his in\ 
tion and improvements in Steam-Boat navigation, t 
the Freedom of this City be presented to Robert 1 
ton Esq. 

At a Common Council held the 7th. Day of Sept 

ber, 181 2. 

The Common Council of the City of New Y< 
considering a Naval establishment all important 



FREEMEN, l8l2. 369 

the protection of our Commerce and to the defense of 
our country, and viewing the recent capture of the 
British Frigate Guerriere, by the American Frigate 
Constitution, as not only illustrating the advantages 
of a navy but as reflecting the highest honor on the 
intrepidity and skill of Captain Hull, his Officers and 
crew. Esteem their duty as the municipal Government 
of this great Commercial City, to express their senti- 
ments on this occasion, and to present the thanks of 
the Citizens of New York to the gallant officers and 
seamen who achieved this brilliant victory, and they 
Resolve, That the Freedom of the City be presented 
to Captain Hull, in a Golden Box with an appropriate 
inscription. And that His Honor, the Mayor, be re- 
quested to forward the same with a copy of these 
Resolutions. 



At a Common Council held the T4th. Day of Septem- 
ber, 1812. 

Resolved, That as an additional tribute of respect 
from this Corporation to Captain Hull, he be requested 
to honor them with a sitting for his portrait to be 
deposited in the picture gallery of the City Hall, and 
transmitted to posterity as a memorial of the high 
sense entertained by this Corporation of the brilliant 
victory obtained by the United States Frigate Consti- 
tution, under his command, over the British Frigate 
Guerriere, Captain Dacres, in his action on the 20th, 
August, 1 81 2. 



At a Common Council held the 30th. Day of Novem- 
ber, 18 1 2. 

Resolved y That an elegant sword be presented to 
Capt Jacob Jones, late of the United States Sloop of 
War Wasp, and also the Freedom of this City, as a 
testimony of the high opinion this Common Council 

24 



370 FREEMEN, l8l2. 

entertain of his gallant conduct in capturing the British 
Sloop of War Frolic 

And that the thanks of this Board be presented to 
his brave Officers and Crew. 



At a Common Council held the 7th. Day of Decem- 
ber, 181 2. 

Robert Fulton Esq^, to whom the Common Coun- 
cil had by a former Resolution granted the Freedom 
of the City, attended, and took the oath prescribed by 
law. 



At a Common Council held the 1 7th. Day of Decem- 
ber, 181 2. 

The Hon. De Witt Clinton, Mayor, President. His 
Honor the Mayor informed the Board that an official 
account having been received of the capture of the 
British Frigate Macedonian, by the U. S. Frigate 
United States, and that the Commodore was expected 
daily to arrive in this port with his prizes, and pre- 
suming it would be the wish of the Common Council 
to express their own and the feelings of their fellow 
Citizens on this achievement so honorable to the 
naval character of our country, he had for that purpose 
summoned them together. 

He then presented the following Resolutions for 
their consideration, which having been read were 
unanimously adopted : 

In testimony of the high sense which the Common 
Council entertain of the gallantry, skill and patriotism 
of the Captain, Officers and crew of the Frigate 
United States in the capture of the British Frigate 
Macedonian, an event which has added new laurels to 
the triumphs of American heroism, and which is all 
important to the great commercial Interests of the 



FREEMEN, l8l2. 37 1 

Union in its practical illustration of the utility, and its 
enforcement of the necessity of a Navy, 

Resolved, That the Freedom of the City in a Gold 
Box be presented to Commodore Decatur, and that 
his Portrait be procured and set up in the Gallery of 
portraits belonging to the City, and that the thanks 
of the Common Council be presented to his officers 
and crew, who were concerned in this brilliant achieve- 
ment. 

And as an additional testimony of respect to the 
naval officers who have on this as well as two other 
occasions vindicated the honor of our country, Re- 
solvedy That Aldermen Fish, Wendover and Mr. 
Lawrence be a Committee to make suitable arrange- 
ments in concurrence with our fellow citizens for a 
public Dinner to Commodore Decatur, Captains Hull 
and Jones. 

Resolved, That on th^ arrival ol the Frigate 
United States, and her prize in this port, the national 
Flag be displayed on the City Hall. That Brig. Gen. 
Morton be requested to cause a national salute to be 
fired by a detachment from his Brigade. That the 
Vessels in the Harbour hoist their colors Mast high, 
and that the Bells in the City be rung for one hour 
on the occasion. 

Resolved, That this Board will, with the concurrence 
of Commodore Decatur, give the Warrant officers and 
crew of the Frigate United States a Dinner on board 
the Ship. 



At a Common Council held the 28th. Day of Decem- 
ber, 181 2. 

The Board assembled in the Mayor's Office. The 
Hon. DeWitt Clinton, Mayor, President 

Upon motion the Common Council adjourned to 
their Chamber, for the purpose of conferring upon 
Capt Isaac Hull of the United States Frigate Consti- 



2iT2 FREEMEN, l8l2. 

tution the Freedom of the City, agreeably to a former 
Resolution. 

It being announced that Captain Hull was in wait- 
ing, a Committee, consisting of Alderman Fish, Mr. 
Lawrence and the Clerk of the Common Council, were 
deputed to introduce Captain Hull into the Common 
Council Chamber. 

This was accordingly done, when his Honor ad- 
dressed Captain Hull as follows : 

• 

Sir: 

In behalf of the Common Council I have the Honor 
of presenting you with the Freedom of this City, and 
Communicating their high sense of the courage and 
skill displayed by yourself, your officers and crew in 
the capture of the British Frigate Guerriere. 

Deeds of valor and achievements of glory are, at 
all times, cherished by patriotism and rewarded by true 
policy, but when we consider that our recent victories 
on the ocean have exhibited the American character 
in the most interesting light ; have created a new 
character in the annals of naval warfare, and have 
been the principal means of establishing our navy on 
a respectable and permanent basis, it must be uni- 
versally admitted that actors in these scenes of 
heroism are pre-eminently entitled to the gratitude of 
their Country. That Commerce is essential to our 
prosperity, that it cannot flourish without protection, 
and that it cannot be protected without a navy, are 
truths too evident to be denied, and too important 
not to be appreciated by the intelligence and public 
spirit of America. 

We cannot withhold on this occasion our approba- 
tion of your generous and benevolent treatment of the 
vancjuished ; it demonstrates the natural alliance be- 
tween courage and humanity, and in mitigating the 
calamities of war, it reflects honor on our national 
character. 

The l^reeman's oath, as prescribed by Law, was 



FREEMEN, 1813. ;iy;i 

then administered to Captain Hull by the Mayor, and 
the certificate thereof enclosed in a superb Golden Box 
prepared with suitable Emblems were delivered to 
him.* 

Captain Hull expressed the deep sense he felt at the 
honors thus conferred upon him. That Box and its 
highly valued contents, he pledged himself to preserve 
as an incentive to his zealous and most strenuous exer- 
tions in the cause of his country wherever future good 
fortune should afford him an opportunity. To have it 
believed, he said, by so highly respectable a body as 
the Corporation of the City of New York, that an 
action of his had contributed to so desirable an event 
as the establishment of a navy on a permanent Basis, 
was a source of pleasing reflection which would only 
cease with life. 

After which Captain Hull retired. 



At a Common Council held the ist. Day of March, 

1813. 

In testimony of the high sense entertained by the 
Common Council of the gallantry and skill of Commo- 
dore William Bainbridge and his Officers and Crew 
on board the United States Frigate Constitution, in 
the late capture and destruction of his Britannic Ma- 
jesty's Frigate, the Java, whereby new laurels have been 
acquired by our gallant navy ; and a new instance 
afforded of the practical utility of that kind of defense, 
for the protection and encouragement of the important 
commercial interests of our country ; therefore 

Resolved, That the Freedom of the City in a Gold 
Box be presented to Commodore Bainbridge, and 
that his portrait be obtained and set in the Gallery of 
portraits belonging to this City ; and that the thanks 

* The certificate of Freedom was elegantly engrossed on vellum, the gold box 
was richly embossed, and had a representation of the battle between the Consti- 
tution and Guerriere painted in enamel. 



374 FREEMEN, 1813. 

of the Common Council be presented to his Officers 
and crew who were engaged in this achievement so 
honorable to themselves and the nation. 



At a Common Council held the 29th. Day of March, 

1813. 

Resolved, That his Honor, the Recorder, be re- 
quested to transmit to Commodore Bainbridge the 
resolution of the Board passed the ist. instant, respect- 
ing the victory by him obtained, and the Officers and 
Crew of the United States Frigate Constitution. 

Mr. Lawrence presented the following Resolutions, 
which were unanimously agreed to : 

The Common Council of the City of New York 
being fully convinced that a Navy establishment is im- 
portant to the protection of Commerce and to the 
defense of our Country ; and viewing the late capture 
of the British Sloop of War Peacock, by the American 
Sloop of War Hornet, as reflecting the highest honor 
on the intrepidity and skill of Captain Lawrence, his 
Officers and Crew ; and being solicitous at all times to 
offer the meed of applause to those of our gallant offi- 
cers who thus eminently deserve it, they avail them- 
selves of the present occasion to present the thanks of 
Citizens of New York to the officers and crew who 
achieved this splendid victory. 

Resolved, That the Freedom of this City be pre- 
sented to Captain James Lawrence, together with a 
piece of plate with appropriate devices and inscription 
thereon, and that His Honor the Recorder [Pierre C. 
Van Wyck] be requested to present the same with a 
copy of this Resolution. 

Resolved, That in testimony of the high sense the 
Common Council entertain of the conduct of the crew 
of the U. S. Sloop of War Hornet, by the capture of 
H. R. M. Sloop of War Peacock, in the unexampled 
short period of fifteen minutes, that the Common 



FREEMEN, 1813. 375 

Council will give a public dinner to the said gallant 
crew of the said Sloop of War Hornet. 



At a Common Council held the 31st. Day of May, 

1813. 

The following Letters were laid before the Board, 
being answers to certain Letters written by the re- 
quest of the Corporation to Captains Bainbridge and 
Lawrence. 

Letter to Captain Bainbridge. 

New York, April 2d., 18 13. 
Commodore William Bainbridge. 
Sir : 
It is with the highest satisfaction I communicate the 
enclosed Resolution of the Common Council of this 
City ; you will receive it as one of those evidences of 
attention and gratitude which our Country is proud to 
shew to those who have so eminently distinguished 
themselves by their gallantry and valor, with my con- 
gratulations for the past, and my best wishes for your 
future success. 

I have the honor to be, sir, 

Your obedient Servant, 

Pierre C. Van Wyck. 

Letter to Captain Lawrence. 

Capt. James Lawrence. 
Sir : 

It is with great pleasure that I execute the very 
flattering duty imposed on me by the Common Coun- 
cil in communicating to you the enclosed Resolutions. 

The brilliant victory obtained by yourself and those 
under your command has afforded to that Honorable 
body another opportunity of manifesting their readi- 



37^ FREEMEN, 1813. 

ness to distinguish merit, and bestow the highest com- 
pliment in their power upon one whom they consider 
so justly entitled to it. 

Although it is unnecessary for me to add anything 
to the sentiments contained in their Resolutions, and 
fully conscious that to the feelings of brave men the 
applause of their country is the highest and most 
grateful of all rewards, yet I cannot but express a 
nope that a Harvest of Laurels will not be the only 
Book which the gratitude of a free nation bestows on 
its defenders. 

The contemplation of American character, exalted 
and unrivalled Glory on the Ocean, ought no longer to 
be sullied by the reflection that those who have achieved 
it are treated with neglect, and that the proud impulses 
of Justice and Generosity are stifled by the calcula- 
tions of political economists. With a tender of my 
sincere congratulations for your success and assurance 
of my perfect respect and esteem. 

I am, Sir, your obedient Servant, 

Pierre C. Van Wyck. 

Answer of Captain Bainbridge. 

U. S. Frigate Constitution. 
Sir : 

The Resolution of the Common Council of the City 
of New York, in favor of myself, the Officers and 
Crew of the Frigate Constitution, relative to our con- 
duct in the Action with the British Frigate Java, has 
been through you gratefully received. Permit me. Sir, 
to convey through the same channel to that highly 
respectable body the Common Council, my warmest 
acknowledgements, for the Honor they have personally 
done me in presenting to me the Freedom of the City of 
New York, and in giving me a place in the Gallery of 
Portraits of that City — such distinguished favors from 
a City in which I spent many happy days of my juve- 
nile years, could not fail to make a just penetration on 



FREEMEN, 1813. 2in 

my feelings, and to command My best wishes for the 
prosperity and happiness of its Inhabitants. 

For the very friendly participation which you take 
in communicating the Resolution, I beg you to accept 
assurance of the sincere esteem and high respect with 
which I have the honor to be, etc. 

Wm. Bainbridge. 
To P. C. Van Wyck Esq'. 



Answer of Captain Lawrence. 

U. S. Ship Hornet. 

April' 1 3th., 181 3. 
Sir: 

I have been honored with your polite letter of the 
I St Inst., enclosing the Resolution passed by the 
Common Council of the City of New York on the 
29th. of March last, approbatory of the conduct of 
myself and the Officers and crew of the Hornet 
during the engagement with his B. M. Sloop of War 
Peacock. For these testimonials of public regard from 
such a respectable and honorable body, I cannot but 
feel the sincerest gratitude, and I assure you. Sir, I 
shall ever esteem the honors that have been so 
liberally awarded by the Common Council of the City 
of New York as amongst the highest and most valu- 
able which my country can bestow. In these senti- 
ments I am cordially reciprocated by the Officers and 
crew I have the honor to command, and they trust 
(with myself) to future opportunities to become more 
worthy of the distinguished honors which have been 
already conferred. 

For your Individual good wishes and congratula- 
tions I beg you to accept my sincere thanks. 

With sentiments of sincere respect and esteem, I 
have the honor to be, etc., 

James Lawrence. 
To P. C. Van Wyck Esq^ 



378 FREEMEN, 1813. 

At a Common Council held the 4th. Day of October, 

1813. 

The Common Council have received with feelings 
of no ordinary interest intelligence of the recent 
achievements of Commodore Perry on Lake Erie, an 
achievement which, while it confirms the character for 
valor hitherto sustained by our brave Tars, evinces the 
nautical skill of our Naval Commanders. It would ill 
comport with the high sense which this brilliant deed 
has afforded to the Common Council of the City of 
New York were they to pass it over in silence. 

In testimony, therefore, of the high sense which the 
Common Council entertain of the valor and skill dis- 
played by Commodore Perry in his late discomfiture 
and capture of the whole of the British fleet on the 
waters of Lake Erie, 

Resolved, That the Freedom of the City be pre- 
sented to Commodore Perry in a Gold Box, and that 
he be requested to sit for his Portrait to be placed in 
the Gallery of Portraits of the Common Council. 

Resolved, Also that thanks of the Common Council 
be presented to the gallant Officers and crew of the 
Fleet under his Command who achieved this Victory 
so honorable to the rising Navy of our Country. 

Resolved, That his Honor the Mayor be requested 
to transmit a copy of this Resolution to Commodore 
Perry. 

On motion of Alderman Wendover, Resolved, That 
Henry Street, in the Eighth Ward, be hereafter called 
Perry Street, in honor of Commodore Oliver H. Perry 
of U. S. Squadron on Lake Erie. 



At a Common Council held the 8th. Day of Decem- 
ber, 1 81 3. 

The Board assembled agreeably to adjournment, 
when, being informed that Commodore Bainbridge 



FREEMEN, 1813. 379 

was in waiting, a committee consisting of Alderman 
Mesier and Alderman Buckmaster, were appointed to 
introduce Commodore Bainbridge into the Common 
Council Chamber. The Commodore having been in- 
troduced, the members rose to receive him. 
The Mayor then addressed him as follows : 

Sir — We avail ourselves of this opportunity to ex- 
press to you in person those sentiments of respect and 
regard which we have already communicated to you 
in another form. 

In rendering this tribute to merit we feel peculiar 
pleasure. While our local attachments are gratified with 
the distinguished conduct of a man whom we consider 
as a citizen of this place, our national feelings are 
elevated by that heroism and magnanimity with which 
you achieved a double victory ; for when the Flag of 
your Enemy was yielded to the power of your arms, 
his predjudices and animosities were at the same time 
subdued by a generosity and humanity never sur- 
passed. 

The Mayor then administered to the Commodore 
the Freeman's Oath, and presented to him a Certificate 
of the Freedom of the City in an elegant Gold Box.* 

The Commodore then made the following reply to 
the Mayor s address. 

Sir — The distinguished honor which the Corpora- 
tion of the City of New York have conferred on me, 
claims my grateful acknowledgements. The Free- 
dom of one of our greatest commercial Cities, will 
ever be duly appreciated, and excite sensations which 
I feel, but cannot express. When my Country com- 

* The box measured three inches in diameter and one inch in depth. On the 
inside of the lid the following inscription was engraved, "The Corporation of 
the City of New York to Conimodore William Bainbridge, of the United Slates 
frigate Constitution, in Testimony of the high sense they entertain of his gallan* 
try and skill in the capture of his Britannic Majesty's ship Java on the 29th. of 
December, 1812.'* An engraving of the box can be found in Lossing's Field- 
Book of the War of 1812, page 462. 



380 FREEMEN, 1813. 

mands I shall always cheerfully obey, and this testi- 
mony of your good opinion will be a stimulus to fur- 
ther exertions. 

The Commodore then withdrew. Upon leaving the 
Hall he was greeted with the acclamations of a large 
concourse of Citizens who had assembled to witness 
the public honors bestowed upon a gallant fellow 
Citizen. 

The following letter from his Honor, the Mayor, to 
Commodore Perry, communicating the resolutions of 
the Common Council on the subject of the victory of 
Lake Erie, and the Commodore's reply, were read, 
and resolved that the same be entered at length on 
the minutes of the Common Council and published in 
the gazettes of this city. 

New York, October loth., 1813. 
Sir : 

It is with peculiar pleasure that I transmit to you 
the enclosed resolutions of the Common Council of 
this City, expressive of their high sense of the glorious 
triumphs of the American squadron under your com- 
mand — an event without parallel in the annals of our 
country, which gives you distinguished rank among 
the celebrated men that reflect lustre on the Ameri- 
can name, and which has dispensed the blessings of 
security and tranquillity to a most important and ex- 
tensive portion of the United States. 
I have the honor to be, 

With great respect, 

Your obedient humble servant, 

De Witt Clinton. 
To Commodore Perry, Newport. 

Newport, November 29th., 1813. 

.Sir : 

The distinguished honor conferred on me by the 

Common Council of the City of New York, in their 



FREEMEN, 1814. 38 1 

approbation of my conduct on the loth. of September, 
calls forth the warmest sentiments of gratitude ; to 
perform, to the best of my ability, the duty I owe to 
my country, shall ever be my highest ambition. The 
request to sit for my portrait, '* to be placed in the 
gallery of portraits of the Common Council," is too 
high an honor not to be readily complied with. 

I beg. Sir, that you will accept my thanks for the 
very flattering manner in which you have communi- 
cated to me the resolutions of the Common Council of 
the City of New York. 
Very Respectfully, 

I have the honor to be. 

Your obedient Servant, 

O. H. Perry. 
The Honorable De Witt Clinton. 



At a Common Council held the 26th. Day of Septem- 
ber, i8i4. 

WhereaSy The Corporation of the City of New York 
feel, that no exploit of the present war has more 
claim to the fullness and warmth of National grati- 
tude than the victory of Commodore Macdonough, 
over a superior force on Lake Champlain ; either 
from pride in the achievement or benefit from its con- 
sequence. 

They therefore tender to that officer their admira- 
tion and thanks, and as a memorial of the new lustre 
added by him to the brightness of our naval renown. 

Resolved, That the Freedom of the City, in a Gold 
Box, be presented to Commodore Macdonough, and 
that his portrait be procured and be set up in the 
Gallery of paintings belonging to this City, and that 
the thanks of the Corporation of this City be pre- 
sented to his brave officers and crews. 

Which passed unanimously, and his Honor the 
Mayor was requested to forward a copy of the same 
to Commodore Macdonough. 



382 FREEMEN, 1814. 

At a Common Council held the loth Day of October, 

1814. 

IVhereaSj The Corporation of this City entertain the 
most lively sense of the late brilliant achievements of 
General Jacob Brown on the Niagara frontier, con- 
sidering them as proud evidences of the skill and 
entrepidity of the hero of Chippewa and his brave 
companions in arms, and as affording ample proof of 
superior valor of our hardy freemen over the veteran 
legions of the enemy. 

Resolved, That as a tribute of respect to a gallant 
officer and his intrepid associates who have added 
such lustre to our arms, the Freedom of the City be 
presented in a Gold Box to General Jacob Brown, that 
his portrait be obtained and placed in the gallery of 
portraits belonging to this City ; and the thanks of 
this Corporation be tendered to the officers and men 
under his command. 

The Mayor was requested to transmit a copy of the 
same to General Brown. 



At an Extra Meeting of the Common Council held 

the 14th. Day of October, 1814. 

The Mayor announced to the Board that Commo- 
dore Perry was, by invitation, in waiting to receive the 
Freedom of the City voted to him by a Resolution of 
the Board. Whereupon Mr. Hardenbrook and Mr. 
Brown were appointed a committee to wait upon 
Commodore Perry, and introduce him to the Common 
Council — Accordingly the Commodore was introduced 
into the Common Council Chamber by the committee 
and received by the members standing. 

His Honor the Mayor addressed Commodore Perry 
as follows : 

Sir — The illustrious achievements of Individuals in 



FREEMEN, 1814. 383 

science anvd in arms constitute the glory of Nations. 
Patriotism, therefore, unites with policy and justice in 
conferring those honors and rewards which are due 
to distinguished merit. 

After we have signalized ourselves in conquering 
the Enemy of our Country, a task perhaps more diffi- 
cult remains to attain, a victory over ourselves. He 
who, in the moment of triumph and in full career of 
glory, reposes himself with humility upon the Supreme 
Being, exercises the duties of humanity to the van- 
quished, and displays that modest deportment which 
is ever the companion of elevated minds, exhibits an 
example of virtue worthy of all imitation and honor- 
able to human nature. 

I shall not. Sir, on this occasion, from motives of 
deiicacy, expatiate upon the important naval events 
which took place under your auspices upon the waters 
of Lake Erie, but I must be permitted to say that 
your subsequent conduct, and particularly your en- 
deavors by more than filial attention to soothe the 
afflicted spirit, and to restore the wounded frame of 
your brave and magnanimous antagonist, have given 
you the strongest additional claims upon the regard 
and affections of your country. 

I now proceed, Sir, to perform one of the most 
pleasing acts of my life in conferring upon you the 
highest honors in the power gf this City to bestow. 

To which the Commodore made the following reply : 

The honor conferred on me by this respectable 
body would at all times call forth the loudest emotions 
of gratitude, but at the moment when the Citizens of 
this City have given such distinguished proofs of their 
patriotism, it adds much indeed to the gratification to 
have my name enrolled among them as a Freeman. 

The usual oath was then administered to Commo- 
dore Perry, and the Freedom of the City in an elegant 



384 FREEMEN, 1814. 

Gold Box, with appropriate design enamelled thereon, 
was presented to the Commodore. 
The Commodore then retired. 



At a Common Council held the 24th. Day of October, 

1814. 

His Honor the Mayor transmitted to the Board the 
letter, in pursuance of their request, he had addressed 
to Commodore Macdonough, together with his reply, 
which were directed to be inserted at length on the 
minutes. 

Letter to Commodore Macdonough. 

New York, 28th. September, 18 14. 
Sir : 

Your recent naval victory on Lake Champlain must 
be considered as one of the most splendid and most 
important events of war, whether we take into view 
the superiority of the Enemy's Force, the skill and 
gallantry displayed, or the intimate connection of this 
great achievement with the effectual protection of the 
Northern frontiers of this State and Vermont against 
the incursions of the Enemy. 

Amidst the numerous testimonies of the grateful 
feelings of your Countrymen, you will now receive the 
unanimous sense of the municipal authorities of this 
City, and I beg leave to assure you that I consider it 
one of the most pleasing acts of my life to communi- 
cate to you this evidence of gratitude and regard, and 
at the same time to express the sentiments of respect 
which I entertain for you and the gallant men who 
acted so gloriously under your auspices. 

I have the honor to be, etc., 

De Witt Clinton. 
Commodore Macdonough. 

In this letter was enclosed the Resolutions of the 
Common Council of September 26th. 



FREEMEN, 1814. 385 

Commodore Macdonough's Answer. 

U. S. Brig Eagle. 

Plattsburgh Bay, October 13th., 18 14. 
Sir : 

I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your 
letter of the 28th. ulto., conveying to me the Resolu- 
tions of the Honorable the Corporation of the City of 
New York. To meet the approbation of my country 
has always been my greatest ambition, and this distin- 
guished honor conferred on me by your Honorable 
corporation is received with feelings of peculiar pride 
and gratification ; permit me to return you my earnest 
thanks for the friendly expressions contained in your 
letters, to subscribe myself. 

Very respectfully Yours, etc., 

T. Macdonough. 
Hon. De Witt Clinton, Mayor, etc. 



At a Common Council held the 4th. Day of Novem- 
ber, 18 14. 

The Hon. De Witt Clinton, Mayor, President. 

His Honor the Mayor informed the Board that 
agreeably to the wishes of the generality of the mem- 
bers, he had summoned the Common Council for the 
purpose of conferring upon Commodore Stephen 
Decatur the municipal honors voted to him by a 
former Resolution of the Common Council. 

The Common Council being informed that Commo- 
dore Decatur had arrived, and was in waiting in the 
Hall, a Committee, consisting of Alderman Mesier and 
Alderman Munson, were appointed to wait upon the 
Commodore and introduce him into the Common 
Council Chamber. Upon his entering the Members 
rose, and upon being presented by the Committee to 
the Mayor, His Honor addressed him as follows: 

Sir, During the Revolutionary war, our contest with 
25 



386 FREEMEN, 1814. 

France and the Barbar)'^ powers, and in the present war 
with Great Britain, the gallantry and skill of our sea- 
men have been constantly gaining upon the admiration 
of mankind. Wherever they have approached an Enemy, 
victory has almost invariably attended the American 
Flag. The great Lakes, the Mediterranean Sea, the 
British Channel, the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, bear 
witness to their illustrious exploits, and they have 
elevated America to the pinnacle of naval glory. 

When a great event has occurred, we are anxious to 
see how the actor narrates his own achievements. 
When the Hero becomes the historian of his own ex- 
ploits he stands in a situation peculiarly delicate. If 
he appears in a style of inflated bombast and presents 
himself to the public in an attitude of swelling arro- 
gance, he offends equally the good taste and moral 
sense of his country, but if, on the contrary, his bravery 
is only surpassed by his modesty — if he describes his 
victory in the same spirit with which he achieved it — 
and if, in addition to this, he conducts himself to the 
vanquished with chivalric courtesy and humanity, his 
glory is then complete, and he ranks among the great 
men who reflect honor upon human nature. 

This description will apply most emphatically to 
the naval Heroes who have distinguished themselves 
during the present war. Their skill and bravery in 
battle, and their modest and benevolent deportment 
after victory, evince that whether they are called upon 
to fight for their country, to record their own achieve- 
ments, or to exercise the offices of humanity, they 
stand equally entitled to public approbation. 

As one of the most distinguished of that illustrious 
band, you have been honored with the approving 
voice of your country. This City, which looks to you 
as one of her most efficient protectors in the hour 
of peril, now presents you with her municipal honors, 
and I feel more than gratified in saying that the senti- 
ments which I have on this occasion expressed, accord 
with the unanimous voice of our fellow citizens. 



FREEMEN, 1814. 387 

The Mayor then administered to him the Freeman's 
oath, and presented to him the Certificate of Freedom 
and an elegant Gold Box. The Commodore then made 
the following reply : 

Sir, The services which I have had the good fortune 
to render in the line of my profession, have been so 
greatly overrated by the honorable the Corporation of 
New York, that I am totally at a loss how to express 
my thanks, and therefore can only beg leave to assure 
them, that my utmost exertions shall be used to 
render myself worthy of the distinguished honor they 
have been pleased to confer on me, in presenting me 
the Freedom of this City, so conspicuous for its 
patriotism and pre-eminent for the liberality with 
which it cherishes and rewards every effort that has a 
tendency to exalt the character of the nation. I beg 
you, sir, to accept my warmest acknowledgements for 
the flattering terms in which you have been pleased to 
express yourself towards me on this occasion. 

The Commodore then withdrew, and upon leaving 
the Hall he was saluted by the Citizens, who had as- 
sembled to witness the honors paid to their gallant 
countryman. 

At a Common Council held the 21st. Day of Novem- 
ber, 1814. 

The Hon. De Witt Clinton, Mayor, President. 

The following Resolution was presented by His 
Honor the Mayor, and unanimously agreed to : 

In testimony of the high sense which the Common 
Council entertain of the important services rendered 
to the United States, and of the lustre reflected upon 
the American character by the successful operations 
of a small army under the command of General 
Macomb, acting in concert with a body of militia, 
hastily assembled from this State and Vermont 



388 FREEMEN*, 1814. 

against a powerful army commanded by the Governor 
General of Canada in person, whereby the Enemy was 
compelled to retreat into his own territory, and our 
important Northern frontier was protected from his 
devastations. 

Therefore, Resolved^ That the Freedom of this City 
in a Gold Box be presented to General Macomb, and 
that he be requested to sit for his portrait to be put up 
in the gallery of portraits belonging to the City, and 
that the thanks of the Common Council be presented 
to the officers and soldiers of the regular Troops and 
Militia who acted so worthily at that important crisis. 

Resolvedy That the Mayor be requested to com- 
municate this Resolution to General Macomb, and 
that the Recorder, Alderman Mapes and Mr. Brown 
be a committee to carry it into execution. 

His Honor the Mayor presented copy of a letter 
written by him to General Brown, together with the 
General's answer, which were directed to be pub- 
lished, and to be inserted on the minutes. 

To General Brown. 

New York, October 14th., 18 14. 

Sir, In communicating to you the unanimous vote of 
the Common Council of this city respecting yourself and 
the gallant army under your command, I am at a loss 
for adequate language to express the sentiments of 
satisfaction which I experience on this occasion. 

Without intending to express any opinion on antece- 
dent events, I can with confidence assert that the ex- 
ploits of the army under your command on the Niag- 
ara frontier have exalted our military character, have 
inspired public confidence, and have exhibited skill, 
intrepidity, and enterprise which reflect honor on the 
soldier of any country. 

I pray you, sir, to be assured of my undeviating re- 
gard, and of the highest respect with which 

I am, &c., 

De Witt Clinton. 



FREEMEN, 1814. 389 

Answer from General Brown. 

Head Quarters, 
Sackets Harbour, 

November 9th., 18 14 
Sir : 

I have received your letter of the 14th. ultimo, en- 
closing the resolutions of the Corporation of the city 
of New York of the loth., approving my conduct and 
that of the gallant army which it was my good fortune 
to command on the Niagara frontier. 

The approbation of my country is the highest re- 
ward I covet. The praise so justly bestowed on my 
brave Troops is in the highest degree grateful to my 
feelings. It is to them, that I am indebted for the 
distinguished mark of honor conferred upon me, the 
value of which is not a little increased by the prompt 
and decisive manner in which it was awarded, and the 
very flattering terms in which you have been pleased 
to lay the subject before me. 

Have the goodness, Sir, to express to' the Corpora- 
tion of the City of New York, the high sense which I 
shall always entertain of the honor conferred on my- 
self and my gallant companions in arms, and receive 
the assurance of my unalterable respect and the high 
consideration with which I am, 

Your most obedient servant, 

Jacob Brown. 
To Hon. De Witt Clinton. 



At a Common Council held the 5th. Day of Decem- 
ber, 18 14. 

His Honor, the Mayor, laid before the Board a copy 
of the letter written by him to General Macomb agree- 
ably to the Resolution of the Board, and the answer 
of General Macomb, which were directed to be in- 
serted on the minutes. 



390 freemen; 1814. 

New York, November 23d., 1814. 
Sir: 

The enclosed resolutions of the Common Council of 
this city respecting the gallant exploits of the regular 
troops under your command, and of the militia asso- 
ciated with you in the defence of our Northern frontier, 
expresses fully my sentiments, and I have therefore 
only to add the assurance of the great respect with 
which 

I have the honor to be, 

Your most obedient servant, 

De Witt Clinton. 
To Major General Macomb. 



Belleville, November 24th., 18 14. 

To the Hon. De Witt Clinton. 

Sir: 

I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your 
favor of the 23d., inclosing the resolutions of the Com- 
mon Council of the city of New York, expressing their 
approbation of my conduct in defending Plattsburgh, 
and offering their thanks to the gallant officers and 
soldiers under my command in that affair. Also request- 
ing me to sit for my portrait, and presenting me with 
Freedom of the city. These marks of distinction are 
received with the liveliest emotions and are peculiarly 
gratifying as proceeding from the constituted authori- 
ties of a city so renowned for its munificence and pub- 
lic spirit. I shall with pleasure comply with the in- 
tentions of the resolutions, and ever be mindful that 
richest reward of an American soldier is the approba- 
tion and good opinion of his fellow citizens. With 
these sentiments permit me to offer the assurances of 
the high consideration and respect with which 

I have the honor to be, Sir, 

Your most obedient servant, 

Alexander Macomb. 



FREEMEN, 1814. 391 

At a Common Council held the 8th. day of Decem- 
ber, 1814. 

The Honorable De Witt Clinton, Mayor, President. 

His Honor, the Mayor, informed the Board that 
Major General Macomb had been ordered to the Fron- 
tiers, and was immediately to leave the city, he had 
therefore summoned them together for the purpose 
of conferring upon the General the civic honors voted 
to him by the Common Council. 

The Board being informed that General Macomb 
was in waiting, a Committee consisting of Aldermen 
Lawrence and Douglas, were appointed to introduce 
the General. 

Upon his entering the Common Council Chamber, 
he was received by the Common Council with due 
respect, and upon being presented by the Committee 
to the Mayor, His Honor addressed him as follows : 

Sir, At the commencement of the present war, most 
of the soldiers of the Revolution were no more. The 
surviving few, bending under the weight of years, or 
still feeling the wounds they had received in their 
country's cause, were with some exceptions no longer 
able to appear in arms. A long peace had in a great 
degree banished military knowledge, but there was still 
one institution devoted to its cultivation. From this 
school, superintended by a Gentleman of great science 
and talents, has proceeded that knowledge which has 
essentially propioted the security of America. War 
is science as well as an art, and in order to constitute 
an able and accomplished soldier, there must be an 
union of valor, intelligence, and discipline. Consider- 
ing our unprepared state, the absence of discipline 
and the low state of military knowledge, it is not to 
be wondered that the first stages of our contest should 
be marked by unfortunate events. Adversity tries 
the character of nations as well as of individuals. It 
was not for America in the vigor of youth and in full 
possession of martial courage and physical power to 



392 FREEMEN, 1814. 

succumb under a series of disastrous occurrences. 
She rose in the plentitude of her strength, like Samp- 
son from his slumbers. She sent forth her gallant 
sons to the combat — they measure swords with long 
tried veteran armies, that had gathered laurels on the 
ensanguined plains of Europe. They repulsed the 
enemy in all directions with inferior force ; they fre- 
quently conquered them ; with equal force they never 
were vanquished. They have acquired immortal re- 
nown — have given confidence to the country, have ele- 
vated our character in the estimation of the civilized 
world ; and posterity will look upon the actors in these 
illustrious scenes with the same veneration that we 
now contemplate the departed heroes of former times. 

Fully sensible of the important services which you 
have rendered to America at a very critical period, 
and desirous of doing justice to a citizen of this State 
who deserves so well of his country, this city now con- 
fers upon you her civic honors. 

The Mayor then administered to him the Freeman's 
oath, and presented him with a certificate of freedom, 
together with a gold box. 

After which General Macomb made the following 
reply : 

The honors conferred upon me by the unanimous 
voice of the Corporation are no less flattering to me 
than they will be gratifying to the troops I had the 
good fortune to command. They will receive the appro- 
bation of the constituted authorities of the city of New 
York, with a due sense of its value and importance. 
I am about to return to them and witness the enthu- 
siasm with which they will hail the sentiments so hon- 
orably expressed on their conduct. 

I leave, Sir, the city with an anxious wish for its 
prosperity and most fervent prayers for its safety. 
And thus I take a most affectionate leave of my fellow 
citizens and of you Gentlemen of the Corporation in 
particular. 

The General then withdrew. 



FREEMEN, 1815. 393 

At a Common Council held the 6th. day of January, 

1815. 

The Honorable De Witt Clinton, Mayor, President. 

His Honor the Mayor, stated that having received 
information that Commodore Macdonough had arrived 
in this city, but he was immediately to take his depart- 
ure for Lake Champlain, he had presumed it would be 
agreeable to the Common Council to avail themselves 
of this opportunity of the Commodore's presence in 
the city to confer upon him those municipal honors 
which had been voted to him, and he had therefore 
summoned them together. 

The Common Council having been informed that 
Commodore Macdonough was in waiting, a Committee 
consisting of Aldermen Mapes and Mr. Brown were 
appointed to introduce him to the Common Council. 
Upon the Commodore's being presented to the Mayor 
he addressed him as follows — 

When our Northern frontier was invaded by a pow- 
erful army — When the heroes, who have immortalized 
themselves on the Niagara, were pressed by a superior 
force, when the capitol of the United States was over 
run by hostile bands — When the most important city 
of the South was attacked by the enemy, and when 
he threatened to lay waste our maritime towns with 
fire and sword — At a period so inauspicious and 
gloomy, when all but those who fully understand and 
duly appreciate the firmness and resources of the 
American character, began to despair of the Republic, 
you were the first who changed the fortune of our 
arms and who dispelled the dark cloud that hung over 
our country. With a force greatly inferior you met 
the enemy vaunting of his superior strength and con- 
fident of victory, you crushed his proud expectations 
— you conquered him ; and the embattled hosts, which 
were ready to penetrate into the heart of our country, 
fled in dismay and confusion. In discharging the great 
duties, which you owed to America, you did not forget 



394 FREEMEN, 1815. 

in that trying hour, the source of all power and all 
good : you appealed to that Being, in whose hands 
are the issues of life and the fate of nations, and you 
complete the glory of the patriot by exhibiting the 
Christian Hero. 

As long as illustrious events shall be embodied in 
History, so long will the victory on Lake Champlain, 
obtained under your auspices, command the respect of 
mankind ; and when you and all who hear me shall be 
numbered among the dead, those who succeed us to 
the most extended line of remote posterity will cher- 
ish with exaltation those great achievements which are 
indissolubly connected with the prosperity and glory 
of America. 

The Mayor then administered to him the Freeman's 
oath, and presented the certificate of Freedom, ele- 
gantly ornamented with suitable devices and a golden 
>ox with an appropriate inscription engraven upon it 

The Commodore then replied as follows : 

Sir, With mingled feelings of gratitude and pleas- 
ure, I received the honors you have been pleased to 
confer on me. The title of a Freeman of this City 
distinguished as much for its high national character 
as for its commercial eminence, will be borne with 
peculiar pride and satisfaction. 

The Commodore then withdrew. 



At a Common Council held the 28th Day of January, 

1815. 

The Honorable De Witt Clinton, Mayor, President. 

His Honor the Mayor, informed the Board that, 
understanding that Major General Brown had arrived 
in the City and that he was to remain but a few days, 
he had summoned them together to confer upon him 
the municipal honors formerly voted to him. 

General Brown having attended and having been 



FREEMEN, l8l5, 395 

presented to the Mayor — His Honor made the follow- 
ing address to him : 

Sir, However disastrous and portentious the state of 
public affairs may appear at any particular period, there 
is almost invariably in every free country a redeem- 
ing spirit which produces faculties demanded by the 
crisis and elicits powers proportioned to the emergency. 

The history of the United States furnishes many re- 
markable illustrations of this truth, and gives us strong 
reason to believe that however we may suffer for a 
time, yet that the hand of the Almighty has marked us 
out for a long career of prosperity and greatness. The 
war of the revolution astonished mankind by a sublime 
display of heroism and political wisdom ; and when at 
a subsequent period the elements of anarchy and con- 
fusion were let loose among us, our civil institutions 
were ameliorated and our national prosperity forti- 
fied and improved by the counsels and exertions of 
sages and patriots. We are now engaged in a War 
with one of the most powerful nations of the world, 
a nation which has had a principal agency in over- 
throwing the colossal power of France, which now 
controls the destinies of Europe, and which holds in 
its hands the trident of the ocean. This enemy so 
formidable has attacked by sea and by land, has ap- 
proached us in all directions, and is now menacing our 
Northern, our Western, our Eastern and our Southern 
frontiers. Although distracted by intestine divisions, 
paralyzed by inefficient measures, environed with dan- 
gers and surrounded by difficulties, yet America has 
on most important occasions presented a countenance 
undismayed and magnanimous, and has produced 
heroes who have on the ocean and the land vindicated 
our national character, and have erected imperishable 
monuments of individual and national glory. The 
events which have occurred on the Western frontier 
of this State during the last campaign have baffled the 
proud expectations of the enemy and have taught him 



396 FREEMEN, • 1815. 

that by energy, wisdom, and union, we can set at defi- 
ance the combined efforts of the old world. At Chip- 
pewa, and Bridgewater, and at Erie, our gallant army 
came in contact with the veteran soldiers of Great 
Britain, who had dyed the plains of Europe with the 
blood of the best troops of France, and the result has 
everywhere been successful and glorious. The heroic 
spirits which directed our physical force, and the brave 
soldiers that fought under such masterly guidance, are 
entitled to the gratitude of America. Wherever they 
go the good wishes and good offices of their country 
will attend them ; history will record their services and 
their sufferings, their deeds of valor and of glory ; and 
future generations as well as the present will look up 
to them as models for imitation and as examples of 
heroic greatness. 

As long as the waters of the Great Lakes shall roll 
over the cataract of the Niagara, so long will those 
heroes command the gratitude and veneration of pos- 
terity ; and the future traveller will with increased 
curiosity, and indescribable emotions, contemplate the 
magnificent scenery of a country equally celebrated 
for the illustrious achievements of man and the sub- 
lime operations of nature. To the leaders in these 
exploits the just and impartial voice of future times 
will apply the portrait of a great captain, drawn by 
the first orator of Antiquity. 

Labor in negotris fortitudo 171 periculis industria in 
agefido celeritas inconficiendo consilium in providendo. 

Although delicacy will not permit me to state the 
agency which you have had in these distinguished 
scenes, yet I must be permitted to say that the prom- 
ises which you gave of future and eminent usefulness 
(when by your vigor and skill you protected the most 
important place in the West against invasions of the 
enemy) have been fully realized on the borders of the 
Niagara, and that to such men as you and your gallant 
companions in arms, America must look for the pal- 
ladium of her safety. 



FREEMEN, 1815. 397 

The Freeman's oath was then administered to him 
by the Mayor and the certificate of freedom and a gold 
box* with suitable inscriptions thereon being pre- 
sented to him, the general made the following reply : 

I intreat you to accept my most sincere acknowledge- 
ments for the very favorable view you have been 
pleased to take of my military conduct. The only claim 
which I can possibly have on the notice and regard of 
my country, is that of an honest zeal to promote her 
interest and her glory. 

With unfeigned pleasure I avail myself of this opportu- 
nity to assure you that the events which have attracted 
your praise, are to be ascribed under God, to the 
distinguished merit of the officers with whom I have 
had the happiness to be associated with, and to the full 
reliance which I have ever placed on the unequalled 
qualities of the American Soldier. I have only given 
to the troops under my command an opportunity of 
evincing to their country that they are worthy of her 
confidence ; her approbation is their highest reward. 

The flattering acknowledgment, by so distinguished 
a body as the Corporation of this great city of the 
merits of that heroic army, I shall ever cherish as 
among the most honorable events of my life. Ani- 
mated by the most fervent zeal for the service of 
their country, these expressions of her esteem will 
only stimulate the army to increased exertions to 
secure her rights and to vindicate her fame. 

The General then withdrew. 

Certificate of Freedom. 

To all to whom these presents shall come, De Witt 
Clinton, Esq., Mayor, and the Aldermen of the City of 

* The box is described as of fine gold, elliptical in form, three inches in 
length, two and a half in width, and three-fourths of an inch in depth. On the un- 
der side of the lid the following inscription was engraved : "The Corporation of 
the City of New York to Major General Jacob Brown, in testimony of the high 
sense they entertain of his valor and skill in defeating the British forces, superior 
in number, at the battles of Chippewa and Brideewater, on the 5th and 25th of 
July, 1814." An engraving is given of it in Lossing^ Field-Bookof the Warof 1812, 
page 841. The Certificate of Freedom was beautifully engrossed and illastrated. 



39^ FREEMEN, 1815. 

New York, send greeting : At a meeting of the Com- 
mon Council, held at the Common Council Chamber 
in the City Hall of the City of New York, the follow- 
ing resolutions were unanimously agreed to : 

Whereas, The Corporation of this city entertains 
the most lively sense of the late brilliant achievements 
of General Jacob Brown on the Niagara frontier, con- 
sidering them as proud evidences of the skill and intre- 
pidity of the hero of Chippewa and his brave companions 
in arms, and affording ample proof of the superior valor 
of our hardy farmers over the veteran legions of the 
enemy. 

Resolvedy That as a tribute of respect to a gallant 
officer and his intrepid associates, who have added such 
lustre to our arms, the Freedom of the city of New 
York be presented to General Jacob Brown, that his 
portrait be obtained and placed in the gallery of portraits 
belonging to this city, and that the thanks of this Cor- 
poration be tendered to the officers and men under his 
command. 

Know ye that Jacob Brown, Esquire, is admitted and 
allowed a Freeman and a Citizen of the said city, to 
have, to hold, to use, and enjoy the Freedom of the 
city, together with all the benefits, privileges, fran- 
chises, and immunities whatsoever granted orbelonging 
to the said city. 

By order of the Mayor and Aldermen. 

In Testimony whereof the said Mayor and Alder- 
men have caused the seal of the said city to be hereun- 
to affixed. 

[L. S.] 

Witness : De Witt Clinton, Esquire, Mayor, the fourth 
day of February, in the year of our Lord, one thou- 
sand eight hundred and fifteen, and of the Independ- 
ence and Sovereignty of the United States, the 39th. 

De Witt Clinton. 

J. Morton, Clerk. 



FREEMEN, 1815. 399 

At a Common Council held the 8th. day of March, 

1815. 

The following Law was adopted. 

No. 37. A Law to regulate the admission of Free- 
men in the City of New York. 

Be it ordained by the Mayor, Aldermen, and Com- 
monalty of the City of New York in Common Council 
convened. That each person hereafter to be admitted 
and made a Freeman of the said city (other than such 
as were born or have served a regular apprenticeship 
of seven years within the same) shall pay as follows, to 
wit : A merchant, trader or shopkeeper, the sum of 
twelve dollars and fifty cents, and a mechanic the sum 
of two dollars and fifty cents, for the corporation of the 
said city ; and that every person on being admitted 
and made free, as aforesaid, shall pay the following 
fees, to wit : One dollar to the clerk, and twenty-five 
cents to the crier of the Mayor's Court. 

And further, That each person hereafter to be ad- 
mitted and made a Freeman of the said city shall take, 
before the Mayor and any four of the Aldermen, the 
ollowing oath or affirmation, to wit : 

I do swear, or affirm (as the case may be). That I as 
a Freeman of the City of New York, will maintain the 
lawful franchises and customs thereof ; that I will keep 
the said city from harm as much as in me lieth, and that 
I will in all things do my duty as a good and faithful 
Freeman of the said city ought to do.* 

* This was the last adoption of the law relating to the admission of Free- 
men, which had been re-enacted without change from 1801 to 1815. At a meet- 
ing of the Common Council held June 18, 1816, the Corporation Council was re- 
quested to revise and correct the Laws and Ordinances of the City, and make a 
speedy report on the same ; his report was submitted December 2, 1816, and 
referred to a committee on laws, who after many sessions finally reported May 5, 
1817, sixty-six ordinances, which were approved and ordered to be printed. The 
committee omitted the law relating to Freemen. 



400 FREEMEN, 1815. 

At a Common Council held the 3d. Day of April, 181 5. 

The Hon. John Ferguson, Mayor, President 

The Common Council having been informed that 
Capt. Jacob Jones had arrived in the city, it was Re- 
solved that the Common Council will assemble on 
Thursday next at 12 o'clock, to confer upon him the 
Freedom of the City voted to him by a former Resolu- 
tion of the Board. 

At a Common Council held the 6th. Day of April. 

1815. 

The Common Council having been informed that 
Captain Jones was in waiting, a Committee consistinj 
of Aldermen Fish, Lawrence and Mapes, were deputes 
to wait upon him. He was accordingly presented to 
the Mayor.* 

At a Common Council held the 5th. day of June, 

1815. 

The following preamble and resolution was pre- 
sented by Alderman Mesier, and agreed to unani- 
mously. 

The Corporation of the City of New York, in com- 
mon with their fellow citizens, experience a most 
lively gratification in noticing another heroic achieve- 
ment of our gallant Navy. 

The late decisive victory obtained by Captain 
Charles Stewart, in the U. S. Frigate the Constitution 
is, for judgment and style in manoeuvring, unrivalled ; 
and when the superiority of the Enemy in weight, and 
the number of guns, together with the difficulty of 
contending with a divided and active force, is consid- 
ered, it ought to be classed among the most brilliant 

* Yesterday forenoon, at' the City Hall, the Freedom of the City in a Gold 
Box, and an elegant Sword were presented, in the usual form, by the Common 
Council, to the gallant Captain Jones, of the Navy. The N. Y. Gazette and Gen- 
eral Advertiser, April "ith,, 1815. 



FREEMEN, 1815. 4OI 

feats recorded in naval history. The capturing, under 
the circumstances so disadvantageous as detailed in 
his modest official letter, two such vessels as the 
Cyane and Levant, in the short period of 40 minutes, 
evinces such a precision in gunnery and skill in sea- 
manship, as raises the character of the American tar 
to proud elevation. 

In testimony, therefore, of the high sense the Com- 
mon Council entertain of the gallantry and martial 
skill displayed by Captain Charles Stewart, in the cap- 
ture of His Britannic Majesty's two ships, Cyane and 
Levant 

Resolved, That the Freedom of the City be pre- 
sented to him in a Gold Box, and that the thanks of 
the Corporation be presented to the officers and crew 
of the Constitution for the brave manner in which 
they engaged, fought and conquered on that occasion. 



At a Common Council held the 2Sth. Day of July, 

1815.. 

The Honorable Jacob Radcliflf, Mayor, President. 

His Honor, the Mayor, informed the Common 
Council that the Committee appointed to carry into 
effect the Resolution of the Board, respecting Captain 
Stewart, having received intelligence of his arrival in 
town, he had at their request summoned the Common 
Council for the purpose of conferring upon Captain 
Stewart the civic honors voted to him. 

The Common Council being informed that Captain 
Stewart was in waiting^, the Mayor appointed a Com- 
mittee consisting of Aldermen Mapes and Smith, to 
introduce Captain Stewart into the Council Chamber, 
who performed that duty, and upon Captain Stewart's 
being presented to the Mayor, he addressed him as 
follows : 

Sir, In behalf of this Corporation, I have the honor 
26 



402 FREEMEN, 1815. 

to present to you the Freedom of this City, as a testi- 
mony of the high opinion they entertain of the gal- 
lantry and skill displayed by you in the capture of two 
of His Britannic Majesty's Ships of war, the Cyane 
and Levant 

Our citizens have at all times felt a deep interest, 
and the highest gratification in the prosperity and 
glory of our infant navy. Having to contend on its 
recent trial, with a gigantic power on the ocean boast- 
ing of superior skiU, and of triumphs over all other 
nations, it was natural, that in the commencement of 
the contest some doubts should be entertained of the 
immediate result ; but the daring spirit and consummate 
ability displayed in its first efforts, accompanied with 
the most brilliant success, soon dispelled those doubts, 
and inspired a confidence which has been confirmed 
and increased in every stage of its subsequent career. 
Not only has the honor of the American Flag been 
maintained in every conflict, but the achievements of 
our navy have transcended the most sanguine expec- 
tations of its friends, and exalted the American name 
and character in every part of the world — It has given 
a pledge of inestimable value to the Country, and a 
proof to its enemies that the people of these States 
arc as capable of vindicating their rights on the ocean, 
as they have manifested the power of maintaining them 

on the land. 

To you. Sir. is justly ascribed the honor of having 
supported and elevated this character, and of confirm- 
iiiij this pledijc in one of the last conflicts of the war, 
in a difficult and trying situation, contending with a 
superior force, and under circumstances which entitle 
thr victory you obtained to be classed amongst the 
most brilliant feats recorded in naval history. 

\'our countrymen are anxious to evince their grati- 
tude for this event, and they feel a peculiar pride in 
bestowing their praise on the officers and crew of a 
favorite ship, which was the first in the late war to 
aciiuire distinguished honor to the American Flag, and 



FJ^EEMEN, 1815. 403 

after a course of unexampled success, among the last 
to extend and increase its lustre. I am accordingly 
instructed to request that you present the thanks of 
this Board to the officers and crew of the Frigate Con- 
stitution under your command, for the heroic manner 
in which they engaged, fought, and conquered, on the 
occasion now referred to. 

The Freeman's Oath was then administered to Cap- 
tain Stewart, and the certificate of the Freedom of the 
City together with a gold box were presented to him 
by the Mayor. 

Captain Stewart then addressed the Mayor as fol- 
lows : 

Sir, I receive with a lively sensibility the honorable 
testimony which you have conferred on me, in behalf 
of the Corporation of the City of New York, and I 
must ever bear in grateful remembrance so distin- 
guished a mark of their liberality. 

In the late contest with our skilful and gigantic 
enemy it has pleased Divine Providence to enable our 
countrymen to sustain with unsullied lustre the honor 
of our flag. 

To our fellow citizens, we owe our grateful acknowl- 
edgments for the strong interest they have taken n 
our infant navy, and for the liberality with which they 
have rewarded its exertions. Encouraged by their good 
opinion we have felt on all occasions that it ought not 
to be disappointed. If, Sir, I have been permitted 
through the confidence of our government and the 
valor of my officers and crew, to contribute any posi- 
tion of support to the honor of our Flag, and the ele- 
vation of our character on the ocean, I must ever 
consider it as one of the happiest events of my life. 
It will afford me. Sir, great pleasure to convey to the , 
officers and crew I had the honor to command, the 
distinguished notice the Corporation of the City of 
New York have been pleased to bestow on their 
efforts — I beg leave to return my thanks to the Cor- 



404 FREEMEN, 1819. 

poration for the honor they have conferred on me, and 
the very liberal manner they have noticed the victory 
obtained by the officers and crew of Frigate Consti- 
tution over his Britannic Majesty's late ships Cyane 
and Levant. I also beg you, Sir, to accept my thanks 
for the flattering manner in which it has pleased you 
to convey to me this instance of munificence of the 
Corporation. 

After which Captain Stewart withdrew. 



At a Special Meeting of the Common Council held 

the 19th. Day of February, 1819, 

The Hon. Cadwallader D. Colden, Mayor, President 

His Honor, the Mayor, stated that having received 
information that Major General Jackson would arrive 
in this city on Saturday and as he understood it was 
the wish of the Common Council to render him certain 
marks of distinction on his visit to this place, he had, 
on the advice of some members, called this special 
meeting to take said subject into consideration. 

Whereupon the Recorder presented certain Reso- 
lutions which, after some discussion, were agreed to 
in the words following • 

WhercaSy The Common Council of the City of New 
York entertain a deep and grateful sense of the public 
services of Major General Andrew Jackson ; as a tes- 
timony of which, and wishing to transmit to posterity 
the respect they bear for his military achievements, 
the splendor of which have been surpassed only by the 
great and lasting benefits they have secured to the 
United States : 

Therefore, the Common Council, acting in behalf of 
the Citizens of New York, do resolve — 

First. That the Freedom of the City, in a gold 
box, with a suitable inscription, be presented to Major 
General Andrew Jackson, at a Common Council to be 
specially convened for that purpose ; and that an ap- 



FREEMEN, 1819. 405 

propriate address be made to him by His Honor the 
Mayor, in behalf of the Corporation. 

Secondly, That he be respectfully requested to per- 
mit a full length portrait painting of him to be taken, 
under the direction of the Corporation ; to be placed 
in the gallery of paintings in the City Hall. 

Thirdly. That Mr. Recorder, Alderman Munson, 
Mr. Stephens, Mr. Allen, and Mr. Bolton, be a Com- 
mittee to wait upon General Jackson upon his arrival 
in this City, and communicate to him, in behalf of the 
Corporation, the high satisfaction it will afford them 
to receive him in their Council Chamber; and the 
manner in which they are desirous of giving a public 
demonstration of the very distinguished interest they 
take in his character and fame. 

Resolved, That the Committee appointed to receive 
General Jackson in behalf of this Board, be intrusted 
to oflfer to him and his suite a conveyance up the Hud- 
son River to West Point and back to this City in a 
Steam Boat under direction of the corporation. 

Resolved, That the Committee invite General Jack- 
son and suite to be with the Corporation on Monday 
when his Honor tht: Mayor presents the Standard to 
the Governor's Guard. 

Resolved, That the said Committee be directed to 
carry into effect the preceding Resolutions. 

His Honor, the Mayor, was requested to procure 
the Gold Box * mentioned in the Resolution, and the 

* This famous box is described as being about five inches in length and width 
in proportion, of solid gold beautifully chased, and its intrinsic value about three 
hundred dollars. This inscription was engraved on the lid : *' Presented by the 
Mayor, Aldermen, and Commonalty of the City of New York to Major General 
Andrew Jackson, with the Freedom of the City, as a Testimonial of respect to his 
high military attainments." 

General Jackson bequeathed the box, in trust to his adopted son, Andrew 
Jackson Jr., to be presented at the close of the next war, to the person adjudged 
to be the most valiant in defence of his country. At the close of the War with 
Mexico attention was called to the bequest, and the Board of Aldermen, April 16, 
1849, appointed a committee to decide as to the person entitled to the honor. 
Many claims were made and much controversy ensued ; the Corporation finally 
September 7th, 1857, designated Major Garret Dyckman as the recipient, and 
September 14th, as the day of presentation. Andrew Jackson Jr., who was pres- 
ent in the city, refused to deliver the box, in consequence of a protest from mem- 
bers of the First Regiment of New York Volunteers in favor of Col. Ward B. 



406 FREEMEN, 1819. 

following were appointed the Committee to carry the 
other Resolutions into eflfect, vizt, Alderman Munson, 
Messrs. Stevens, Allen, Bolton. 



At a Common Council held the 22d Day of February, 

1819. 

Mr. Recorder, from the Committee of Arrangements, 
reported that agreeably to the directions of tne Com- 
mon Council they had waited upon Major General 
Jackson and had presented to him the Resolutions 
passed at the last meeting of the Board, that they had 
received a reply from General Jackson, which he read 
to the Board, and which was as follows : — 

Richard Riker, Esqr. 

Chairman of the Committee. 

Sir : — The Resolutions of the Common Council of 
the City of New York with which you have this day 
presented me, have been read with that satisfaction 
which the generosity and hospitality of your honora- 
ble body is calculated to inspire. 

It affords me singular gratification to be enabled to 
comply with the several requests contained in your 
Communication, and I accept with pleasure your polite 
invitation to witness the ceremony of presenting the 
Standard to the Governor's Guard. 

Having but a few days to remain in this section of 
Country, I am compelled to deny myself the pleasure 
I had anticipated in visiting West Point, and therefore 
decline the acceptance of the transportation which has 

Burnett. On the evening of September 14th, a stormy meeting of the Common 
Council was held in which the action of Mr. Jackson was denounced and the 
Committee discharged from further consideration of the subject. On the 17th 
of August, 1859, the box was formally presented at Nashville to General Burnett 
by Dr. John M. Lawrence, who acted for his father-in-law, Mr. Jackson, and 
was received by Gideon H. Pillow as the representative of General Burnett, who 
at the time was on service at Nebraska City, 

The report of the Joint Committee September 7th, 1857, printed in the Pro- 
ceedings of the Board of Aldermen, vol. 67, page 269,' gives an interesting history 
of the claims for the .box. 



FREEMEN, 1819. 407 

been so liberally offered for my conveyance to that 
place. 

For the honor conferred on me by your distinguished 
body permit me to present through you to the Com- 
mon Council of the City of New York, the assurance 
of my high respect and gratitude. 

I am, Sir, very respectfully. 

Your Obt. Servt. 

Andrew Jackson. 

Whereupon it was ordered that the same be entered 
on the Minutes at length, and filed. 

It was also resolved that the Board will assemble 
to-morrow at one o'clock in the Sessions Room for the 
purpose of conferring upon Major General Andrew 
Jackson the Freedom of the City agreeably to the 
Resolutions of the Common Council. 



At a Common Council held the 23d Day of February, 

1819. 

Upon motion the Resolutions of the Board agreed 
to at the Special meeting on the 19th instant, and the 
reply of General Jackson thereto, which was reported 
on the 2 2d, were severally read. 

Mr. Stevens, from the Committee of Arrangements, 
informed the Common Council that they had waited 
upon General Jackson and accompanied him to the 
Hall and that he was now in waiting in the Common 
Council Chamber. 

The Committee were then requested to wait upon 
the General, inform him that the Common Council 
were assembled, prepared to receive him and introduce 
him to the Board. 

The Committee accordingly retired and in a few min- 
utes General Jackson entered. Upon his entrance the 
Common Council rose to receive him. After being 
seated a few moments two of the Committee led him 



408 FREEMEN, 1819. 

to the centre of the space occupied by the Commoh 
Council and presented him to the Mayor, upon which 
his Honor the Mayor addressed him as follows : — 

Address of the Mayor. 

Major General Jackson, 

No task could be more gratifying to me than that 
which I am now to perform. I am to congratulate you 
in behalf of the Common Council and of our fellow Cit- 
izens, on your arrival among us. 

We are happy to avail ourselves of the first oppor- 
tunity of testifying by every mark of respect the feel- 
ings, your high military services have inspired. 

While the whole country was agitated by the threat- 
ened invasion of a powerful foe, we could not but learn 
with anxiety that he had directed a large armament to 
a point where it was known he could only be met by an 
inferior force chiefly of our undisciplined and inexpe- 
rienced countrymen. 

We knew that Britain at the end of a contest which 
had convulsed Europe for twenty years, had destined 
her veteran and victorious troops to make war upt>n us, 
but the sons of our soil, animated by your spirit and 
conducted by your wisdom, drove the invaders from 
our shores and achieved a victory, which, while it 
raised the character of our country to an elevation that 
attracted the admiration of the rest of the world, left 
to every American a debt of gratitude to you, and to 
our brave brethren who fought with you, which can 
never be cancelled. 

With these sentiments allow me to present to you, 
this Certificate of your being admitted a Freeman of 
this City, and to thank you for your compliance with 
the Resolution of the Common Council requesting 
your portrait. 

Permit me also to assure you that we shall feel great 
pride in being able to claim you as our fellow citizen 
and in placing the portrait of one who has deserved 



FREEMEN, 1819. 4O9 

SO well of his country in our Gallery, occupied by the 
resemblances of many who have similar, tho' no one 
superior claims to our grateful acknowledgment 

To which General Jackson made the following reply : 

Sir, The distinguished honor which the Common 
Council of the City of New York has conferred by my 
admission as a Freeman of their City, is to me a source 
of the highest gratification and will ever be recollected 
with feelings of the warmest sensibility. 

To be associated with those who have been distin- 
guished for their patriotism and zealous attachment 
to the republican principles of our government is the 
most exalted station of an American citizen. The 
approbation you have been pleased to express of my 
humble efforts in the field, command my greatest ac- 
knowledgments. For those sentiments am I indebted 
to the bravery of the troops I had the honor to com- 
mand. 

What I have done was for my country. Had I erred 
in the discharge of my official duty, that error would 
have originated in the warmth of my devotion to her 
interest and a misapplication of the means best calcu- 
lated to promote her happiness and prosperity : but to' 
find that my conduct has been sanctioned by my gov- 
ernment and approved by my fellow citizens is a source 
of happiness unequalled in the occurrences of my life, 
for the proudest honor which can grace the soldier and 
the richest reward which he can receive for the fa- 
tigues, perils and privations of his profession is the 
approbation of a grateful country. 

The General was then handed by two of the Com- 
mittee and seated on the right of the Mayor. 

His Honor then administered to him the oath of a 
Freeman as prescribed by Law and delivered to him 
the Certificate of his being a Freeman. His Honor, the 
Mayor, then arose and announced General Jackson to 
have been admitted a Freeman of the City of New 



4IO FREEMEN, 1819. 

• 

York, agreeably to the Charter and Laws of the 
same. 

The General was then introduced by the Committee 
of Arrangements to the several members of the Com- 
mon Council, after which he retired, accompanied by 
the Committee of Arrangements. 



At a Common Council held the 26th. Day of July, 

1819. 

Alderman Allen presented the following Resolution, 
which was unanimously agreed to : 

Resolved^ That the Committee on Finance be in- 
structed to enquire if the provisions of a Resolution 
passed the 13th. day of March, 18 13, granting the 
Freedom of the City, with a piece of plate to the late 
Captain James Lawrence, have been complied with, 
and if not, whether it is now expedient and proper to 
carry into effect said Resolution so far as to present 
to the family of Captain Lawrence, the mementoes of 
his gallantry in the capture and destruction of the 
British Sloop of War, Peacock. 



At a Common Council held the 9th. Day of August, 

1819. 

The same Committee who were instructed to inquire 
respecting a Resolution of the Board voting to the 
late Captain Lawrence of the United States Navy, a 
piece of plate, reported : — 

** That they have ascertained from Mrs. Lawrence, 
now a resident of the village of Greenwich, that the 
Certificate of Citizenship alluded to was presented 
her by his Honor, the Mayor, and is now in her pos- 
session, but that the piece of plate with which she 
would have been much gratified, has not been provided 
or presented agreeably to the resolution of the Cor- 



FREEMEN, 18I9. 4I J 

poration, a copy of which was furnished her shortly 
after its passage. Whatever may have been the causes 
for delay in carrying into effect this tribute of respect 
to a gallant officer, your Committee are of opinion 
that no censure ought to rest on the members of this 
Board who, your Committee are persuaded, entertain 
a high sense of the services rendered, and the intre- 
pidity and skill displayed by the brave men who fought 
and bled in defence of the injured rights of our country, 
during the late war, and who therefore could not have 
refused this meed of approbation had they been ap- 
prised of its non-performance. 

"The Committee have no doubt, therefore, that the 
Board will accord with them in opinion that it is both 
expedient and proper to fulfill as soon as practicable 
the pledge given by their predecessors, and they offer 
the following Resolution accordingly : — 

'' Resolvedy That the Committee on Finance be in- 
structed to present to the widow of the late Captain 
James Lawrence, a piece of plate with suitable devices 
and inscriptions indicative ot the gallantry and skill of 
her late husband, in the capture of the British Sloop 
of war Peacock, by the American Sloop Hornet, under 
his command, agreeably to a Resolution of the Com- 
mon Council passed the 29th. day of March, 18 13." 

Stephen Allen, 
B. Crane, 
J. Hammond, 
J. Hone, 
which was approved, a blank in the Resolution filled 
up with Finance Committee and the Resolution 
adopted. 

At a Common Council held the ist. Day of November, 

1819. 

Alderman Allen, from the Committee on that subject, 
reported that the piece of plate directed to be executed 
and presented to the family of the late Captain James 



412 FREEMEN, 182O. 

Lawrence, was completed. Whereupon the Finance 
Committee were requested to take order for present- 
ing the same in the name of this Corporation to Mrs. 
Lawrence, the Widow of the late Captain Lawrence. 



At a Common Council held the 28th. Day of 

February, 1820. 

A petition from Peter Charles L'Enfant, addressed 
to His Honor the Mayor, stating the services rendered 
by him in devising the plan and superintending the 
erection of the Old City Hall, for which he received 
no compensation, although a grant of ten acres of land 
in the Outward was on 9th. October, 1 789, voted to 
him, and praying the Corporation to take his case into 
consideration, was read and referred to the Finance 
Committee. 



At a Common Council held the 1 7th. Day of April, 

1820. 

The Finance Committee, on petition of P. Charles 
L'Enfant, reported : 

That it appears Mr. L'Enfant, at the request of the 
Citizens, furnished plans for altering and improving 
the Old City Hall, so as to render it suitable for the 
reception of the Congress of the United States, and at 
the same time performed the superintendence of the 
work until completed. The Committee have discov- 
ered nothing on the minutes of the Common Council 
relative to any stipulation for compensating Mr. L'En- 
fant for this undertaking, and they are led to infer 
that it was altogether voluntary on his part, and that 
his object was the honor of the performance, rather 
than pecuniary reward. 

On the 1 2th. October, 1789, the Common Council 
after reciting the generous services of Mr. L'Enfant, 
resolved that the thanks of the Board, together with 



FREEMEN, 1820, 413 

the Freedom of the City, be presented to him, and 
also that a lot of Common Lands, containing the quan- 
tity of ten acres, be conveyed to him in fee simple. 
The location of this land was decided by the Board 
on 30th. December, 1789, and on 6th. April, 1790, the 
Clerk presented a Survey and Map of said land, and 
on the 16th. he laid before the Board, the draft of a 
grant to P. C, L'Enfant. On the 30th. of April the 
Board was informed that Mr. L'Enfant declined ac- 
cepting the proffer of the Corporation ; whereupon it 
was ordered that the Clerk communicate to him this 
information, and in the meantime that execution of 
the grant be suspended. The Clerk reported on the 
14th. May, 1790, that he had written to Mn L'Enfant, 
and received an answer stating ** that it was perfectly 
agreeable with his sentiments and disposition to refuse 
the gift." 

On the 26th. January, 1801, a Memorial from P. 
Charles L'Enfant claiming compensation for his ser- 
vices, &c., was presented to the Common Council, and 
the Board determined to allow him $750 in full dis- 
charge of all further claims against the Corporation 
for, or on account of his said services, and on the i6th. 
of February following Elias Kane, in behalf of L'En- 
fant, communicated to the Board the unwillingness of 
him the said L'Enfant, to accept the $750, and re- 
quested the Common Council to reconsider the subject 
and to make him a greater allowance ; whereupon it 
was determined not to reconsider the same. 

The foregoing comprises a brief statement of all 
the facts that have come to the knowledge of your 
Committee on this subject, and they are such as plainly 
evince on the part of Mr. L'Enfant a disposition to 
value his services far above what they were deemed to 
be worth by the gentlemen composing the Common 
Council at the time they were rendered. The Com- 
mittee do not pretend to judge of the value of these 
services, nor are they willing to decide as to the jus- 
tice of Mr. L'Enfant's claim farther than what may be 



414 FREEMEN, 1824-29. 

inferred from the entries in the Minutes of the Com- 
mon Council, and from these it is concluded that, 
whatever his services were, they were rendered volun- 
tarily, and without any stipulation for or expectation 
of a reward. 

It is a question for the Board to decide, therefore, 
whether after the repeated rejection by Mr. L'Enfant 
of the liberal offers made him by the Common Council, 
he has still any claim on this Board. 

The Committee think not, and they therefore offer 
the following resolution : 

Resolvedy That it is inexpedient to grant the request 
of P. C. L'Enfant 

a Allen, 
J. Hone, 
J. Hammond, 
B. Crane, 
S. P. Brittain, 
which was approved and the resolution adopted. 



At a Common Council held the i8th. Day of August, 

1824. 

Resolved, That in testimony of the high respect 
which this Common Council entertain for George 
Washington De La Fayette, the Son of the Marquis 
De La Fayette, whose virtues they trust he bears 
with the Honored name of his father, be made a Free- 
man of the City of New York, and that the Certificate 
of Freedom, handsomely engrossed, be presented to 
him in a Golden Box. 



At a meeting of the Common Council held the 23d. 

Day of March, 1829. 

Alderman Cebra presented the following Resolution 
in relation to presenting the Freedom of the City to 
the Honorable Martin Van Buren. 



FREEMEN, 1829. 415 

Whereas, The great and fundamental principle of 
the Compact formmgthe Union of these United States 
is, that the individual members thereof when called on, 
shall be ever ready to lend their utmost aid either in 
War, or in Council, in support of those sacred principles 
of civil liberty which we enjoy and hope and believe 
it is our high destiny in this happy land to continue 
to enjoy. Impressed with a due sense of this truth, 
the Common Council of the City of New York, while 
they deeply deplore the necessity which calls on the 
State to surrender to National Councils one of her 
brightest sons, cannot but view with pride and exulta- 
tion the patriotism and Public Spirit which has actu- 
ated him in the acceptance of those arduous and 
responsible duties for the public good ; and entertain- 
ing as we do the highest regard, not only for the pure 
republican principles which have uniformly marked the 
political course of their fellow citizen, the Honorable 
Martin Van Buren, they deem the present moment of 
their separation from him, a proper occasion for the 
expression of these sentiments of respect and attach- 
ment 

Therefore Resolved, That a copy hereof together 
with the Freedom of the City be presented to the 
Honorable Martin Van Buren as a testimony of the 
respect and esteem which the people of the City of 
New York entertain for his private worth and public 
services. 

Resolved, That his Honor the Mayor, do carry the 
foregoing Resolution into effect. 

On being read, Alderman Palmer moved that the 
same be laid on the table. The question being taken 
thereon, it passed in negative. The question was 
then taken on the Resolution and was carried in the 
affirmative. 



41 6 FREEMEN, 1829. 

At a Common Council held the 20th. Day of April, 

1829. 

The Hon. Walter Bowne, Mayor, President. 

His Honor, the Mayor, laid before the Board a Let- 
ter from the Honorable Martin Van Buren, Secretary 
of State of the United States, expressing his thanks 
to the Common Council for their Resolution tendering 
the Freedom of the City to him, was read and directed 
to be filed. 

The letter was as follows : 

Washington, April 4, 1829. 
Sir: 

Your letter with the Resolution passed by the Com- 
mon Council tendering to me the Freedom of the City, 
is received. 

In communicating to that Honorable body my ac- 
ceptance of this distinguished mark of their respect for 
my public services, and my grateful sense of the Honor 
they have conferred upon me, do me the favor to as- 
sure them of my hearty concurrence in the patriotic 
sentiments they have expressed, and which they have 
in so flattering a manner been pleased to attribute to 
me as the rule of my conduct. 

In indulging a just pride in the present greatness, 
and a strong solicitude for the continued prosperity of 
a City, whose good fortune it is to have its affairs en- 
trusted to persons so deserving of public confidence, 
as are your associates and yourself, I participate in feel- 
ings which are, I trust, as they certainly ought to be, 
common to every Citizen of our highly favored State, 

Accept, with the assurance of my respects, my thanks 
for the kind manner in which you have discharged the 
duty imposed upon you by the Common Council, and 
be so good as to convey to its members individually 
my personal respect. 

I have the honor to be Your Obt. Servant, 

M. Van Buren, 
The Hon. Walter Bowne. 



FREEMEN, 1 832. 4I7 

At a meeting of the Board of Aldermen held the 28th. 

Day of May, 1832. 

Resolved, That a Select Committee of three be ap- 
pointed to confer with a Committee on the part of the 
Board of Assistant Aldermen, for the purpose of mak- 
ing arrangements to meet and receive the Hon. Martin 
Van Buren upon his return to his native State, 

Resolved, That the said Committee make the neces- 
sary arrangements on the part of the Board for carry- 
ing mto effect the resolution of the Common Council of 
23d. March, 1829, ordering the Freedom of the City 
to be presented the Hon. Martin Van Buren, as a tes- 
timonial of the respect which they entertained for his 
private virtues and public services.* Adopted by the 
Assistants June 4. Approved by the Mayor June <?, 18 J2. 



At a meeting of the Board of Aldermen held the 27th. 

Day of June, 1832, 

Alderman Murray presented the following resolu- 
tion, which was read, unanimously adopted, and directed 
to be sent to the Board of Assistant Aldermen for con- 
currence : 

Whereas, The Common Council of the City of New 
York have been informed, that Commodore Daniel 
T. Paterson is now in this City, on his way to take 
command of the naval forces of the United States, in 
the Mediterranean, therefore 

Resolved, That a Committee be appointed to wait 
on Commodore Paterson, to convey to him the high 
sense entertained by this Common Council, of his pub- 
lic services and private virtues, and to present him with 
the Freedom of the City in a gold box, in token of his 
distinguished gallantry during the late war with Great 

* Mr. Van Buren arrived from Europe on the 5lh. of July, 1832. He was 
waited upon at Staten Island, but declined a public reception in consequence 
of the prevalence of Cholera in the city. 

27 



4l8 FREEMEN, 1832. 

Britain, and especially for the conspicuous part he bore 
in the glorious achievement at New Orleans. 

The President appointed on that Committee Alder- 
men Murray, Whiting and Hall. 

The Common Council convened yesterday, for the 
purpose of conferring on Commodore Patterson the 
mark of respect heretofore voted to him — the Freedom 
of the City and a gold box. After the two Boards had 
taken their seats, the Committee appointee^ conducted 
the Commodore into the room, accompanied by the 
following officers : Commodore Chauncey, Captain 
Stringham, Lieutenants McKenny, Chauncey, Byrne, 
Pettigrew, Auchmuty and Harwood ; Sailing Master 
Bache ; Dr. Baltzer, passed Midshipman Shuck, Mid- 
shipmen Potter, Barry, Auze, and McLane. 

The Mayor addressed the Commodore in a neat 
speech, adverting to his past gallant services, particu- 
larly in the compaign in which New Orleans was de- 
fended. The long absence of the Commodore from his 
native State, had, he said, alone prevented a previous 
expression of the gratitude entertained by his fellow 
citizens here for his labors in defending the honor of 
his country. The Commodore in his reply, expressed 
himself peculiarly gratified that the tribute came from 
the city in which the days of his boyhood were passed ; 
since which time, he had but little opportunity of inter- 
course with his fellow citizens of New York. He took 
the necessary oath '* to defend the city, as far as in 
him lies," and the Freedom was conferred upon him by 
delivering the proper official document. 

It is to be noted, that if the battle of New Orleans 
could not have been advantageously lugged in, the 
Commodore might have, in all probability, won as 
many naval victories as all our Captains together, dur- 
ing the last war, without its being particularly remem- 
bered, at this juncture, by the Honorable the Corpora- 
tion. The glorification was all for General Jackson, 
and a little for the Commodore. The fame of the one 




FREEMEN, 1832. 419 

is to endure *' as long as the waters of the Mississippi 
shall flow to the Atlantic," (the Gulf of Mexico mean- 
ing) ; but the other must be content, if his own lasts as 
long as Goose Creek shall flow to the Potomac. It was 
all, however, exceedingly proper ; and such honors 
could not be conferred on a more gallant officer, or on a 
better man. N. Y. Commercial Advertiser .July 3^., 1832. 

The frigate United States, weighs anchor this morn- 
ing, from the Bay off the Battery, having on board 
Commodore Patterson, who proceeds to the Mediter- 
ranean as Commander of the squadron in that sea. 
Previous to the departure of Commodore Patterson, 
the Common Council invited him yesterday, to the 
Governors Room in the City Hall, where the cere- 
mony of presenting him with the Freedom of the City 
was performed by his Honor,' the Mayor, [Walter 
. The affair was conducted with great pro- 
Doth on the part of the Corporation, and the 
gallant Commodore. The officers of the Navy pres- 
ent, were in full uniform. XTommodore Patterson was 
heard to observe that a broadside from an enemy would 
have less effect on his feelings, than the compliment 
paid him ; in the first case he should have felt at home ; 
to the latter he was unused. The family of the Com- 
modore accompany him. N. V. Gazette and General 
Advertiser. July 3^., 1832. 



Bowne 
priety. 



At a meeting of the Board of Aldermen held the ist. 

Day of August, 1832. 

A message was received from the Board of Assist- 
ant Aldermen, in favor of the payment of the expenses 
of the ceremony of presenting the Freedom of the 
City to Commodore Daniel T. Patterson, amounting 
to $341,83, which was read, concurred in and ordered 
to be sent to his Honor, the Mayor, for approval. 
Approved by the Mayor, August nth., 1832. 



420 FREEMEN, 1 836. 

The Freedom of the City. 

The 20th. and 21st. sections of the Montgomerie 
Charter gave to the Mayor and four or more Alder- 
men, the power to make free citizens of the City, on 
payments of a fee not exceeding ;^5, to the use of the 
corporation. This was only a repetition of the power 
conferred by Governor Dongan's Charter. 

The power contained in these two sections was form- 
erly of momentous importance for the Charter, while 
it granted the power, at the same time prohibited all 
persons, other than such free citizens, to use any art, 
trade, mystery, or manual occupation, within the city, 
saving in the times of fairs; or to sell or expose to sale, 
any manner of merchandise or wares whatsoever, by 
retail when no fair was at the time kept in the city, 
under a penalty for each offence. It was further pro- 
vided that no person should be made free as aforesaid, 
but native born, or naturalized, or denizated subjects. 

This chartered power has ceased to be of any im- 
portance, and is used only as a testimonial of respect 
or gratitude, on the part of the corporation, towards 
persons in high stations, or who may have entitled 
themselves to the honor by personal merit, or some 
distinguished service. There are instances in the an- 
nals of the corporation of this species of reward. But 
the admission to the freedom of the city, was, at the 
date of the charter, not only a token of honor, but a 
grant of substantial benefit. By making a person a 
freeman of the city, he became entitled to all its muni- 
cipal privileges ; and among others, to the right of vot- 
ing for, and of being voted to corporate offices, and 
which right belonged only to corporate freemen and 
to freeholders, until the Charter was altered by statute, 
in 1804. 

But although the exclusive privileges formerly con- 
ferred on the inhabitants of chartered towns and cities 
of pursuing commerce and exercising the mechanic 
arts, have fallen into discredit in Europe, among men 



FREEMEN, 1836^ 421 

of enlarged views and liberal policy as being impolitic 
monopolies, which restrain competition, damp the spirit 
of enterprise, check the free circulation of labor, and 
raise the price of commodities ; and although such 
monopolies are utterly reprobated and abandoned in 
this country, yet they were originally introduced in 
Europe, and afterwards cherished during the disorder 
and violence of the middle ages, as invaluable barriers 
against the insecurity and oppression of the feudal 
system. They were ardently desired, and frequently 
granted by the benevolence or policy of princes, during 
the 1 2th and 13th centuries, who confirmed local usages 
and enabled the inhabitants of towns and cities to pos- 
sess common property, and to have their feudal exac- 
tions either abolished or defined and limited, and to 
enjoy the inestimable privilege of being amenable only 
to their own municipal jurisdictions. Those incorpo- 
rations conferred freedom on the feudal Serfs who 
escaped into them unless duly reclaimed. They were 
cities of refuge to the oppressed. This was the case in 
France and Germany, as well as in England. If a vil- 
lain, says Glanville, b. 5, ch. 5, remained for a year 
and a day in any privileged town, which had franchises 
by prescription or charter, he became thenceforward a 
free member of the corporation. Manumission, said 
Lord Coke, (Co. Litt. 137, 6,) among other significa- 
tions, meant *' the incorporating of a man to be free of 
a company or body politic, as a freeman of a city, or 
burgess of a borough." 

We are therefore not to be surprised that this an- 
cient privilege (so tenacious is established usage) 
should continue to be cherished long after the occasion 
for it, and the reason of it had ceased : nor that it 
should have been inserted and continued by our ances- 
tors in the early charters of New York. There has 
been, until recently, something dear and sacred at- 
tached to the very mention of chartered rights and 
privileges. We perceive ample proofs of this senti- 
ment and feeling in all the early proceedings of our 



422 FREEMEN, 1 847. 

revolutionary patriots and statesmen. The Charter 
of the City of New York, with Notes by Chancellor 
Kent. iZ^d, page 152. 



At a meeting of the Board of Aldermen held the 12th 

Day of April, 1847. 

Whereas, General Taylor and the gallant officers 
and brave men under his command, by their victory 
at Buena Vista on the 2 2d. and 23d. February last, 
and General Scott and the gallant officers and brave 
men under his command, by their brilliant achievement 
at Vera Cruz, have earned for themselves not only an 
ever enduring fame, but the approbation and thanks 
of their fellow citizens ; and therefore, be it 

Resolved, That the thanks of the citizens of the City 
of New York are hereby given through us, their rep- 
resentatives, in Common Council convened, to General 
Taylor, the officers and men under his command, and 
to General Scott, the officers and men under his com- 
mand, and to that portion of our navy who gallantly 
co-operated with them, for their unexampled victorious 
triumphs and exploits at Buena Vista and Vera 
Cruz. 

Resolved, That in honor of the said great and glo- 
rious victories and conquests, a salute of one hundred 
guns be fired, under the direction of Major General 
Sanford, at noon of such day as the Mayor may desig- 
nate, from the Battery and from Tompkins Square, and 
that the national flag be displayed from the public 
buildings and shipping in our harbor on such day, and 
that the City Hall be illuminated on the evening of 
that day, under the direction of the Committee of of- 
fices and Repairs. And 

Whereas, The Common Council, whilst they rejoice 
and glory in the success of our arms, fully sympathise 
with the families and friends of the illustrious dead 
who lost their lives in defending the honor of our 



FREEMEN, 1 847. 423 

country and glory of its flag, on the field of Buena 
Vista and at Vera Cruz, and to testify their respect 
for their memories, therefore, be it 

Resolved, That on the day succeeding that to be 
named for the purpose of the foregoing Resolution, 
the national flag be displayed at half-staff on all the 
public buildings and shipping in our harbor, and the 
bells of the several churches be tolled from noon to 
one o'clock of that day, 

Resolvedy That the Mayor transmit, through the 
War and Navy Departments of the United States, a 
certified copy of these Preambles and Resolutions, 
under the seal of the City, to General Scott, General 
Taylor, and the officers commanding the Navy in the 
attack on Vera Cruz, with a request that they will 
make the same known to the officers and men of their 
respective commands. 

In commemoration of the victories of our arms at 
Buena Vista and Vera Cruz, in admiration of the skill 
and gallantry which has covered our nation with honor, 
and in gratitude for the signal benefits which have 
thus been secured to our country, the Common Coun- 
cil do resolve. 

That the thanks of the City be presented to the 
armies under the command of General Taylor, and 
General Scott. 

That the Freedom of the City be presented to 
Generals Taylor and Scott. 

That swords be presented to General Scott and to 
General Worth, his second in command at Vera Cruz, 
and to General Taylor and General Wool, his second 
in command at Buena Vista. 

That on the evening of [May 7th] instant, all the 
public buildings in the City be illuminated, and the 
citizens at large be requested at the same time to illu- 
minate their dwellings. 

That on the same day national salutes will be fired 
at the Battery, Park, Washington Parade Ground, 
Union Square, and Tompkins Square, and that a Com- 



424 FREEMEN, 1848. 

mittee be appointed to carry the above Resolutions 
into effect 

Resolved, That the Common Council of the City of 
New York highly approve the able and skillful manner 
in which this War has been conducted by the National 
Administration. Adopted by the Board of Assistants 
April 23//. Approved by the Mayor, April 24. 



At a meeting of the Board of Aldermen held the 24th. 

Day of July, 1848. 

Whereas, The inhabitants of this City have at all 
times taken a lively interest in the wellfare of the 
Navy of the United States, and whereas this right 
arm of our Nation's defence, has rendered the country 
gallant and efficient service in the late war with Mex- 
ico, both on the shores of the Pacific and the Atlantic 

coast, And 

Whereas, The arrival in our harbor of the United 
States frigate Cumberland, bearing the broad pennant 
of Commodore Perry, offers an appropriate occasion 
to testify our appreciation of the gallantry and good 
conduct of our Navy generally, in the late war — there- 
fore 

Resolved, That the thanks of this Corporation, and 
of their constituents, be tendered to Commodore 
Matthew C. Perry and the officers and crew of his 
frit>-ate, for their gallantry and good conduct in the 
late war with Mexico, and that the hospitalities of the 
City be tendered to them through a Committee, to 
consist of five from each Board. 

Resolved, That the Freedom of the City of New 
York be presented to Commodore Matthew C. Perry, 
as a lasting testimonial of the gratitude and respect 
of its inhabitants, for his energy, gallantry, and good 
conduct while attached to, and in command of the 
Gulf Squadron during the late war with Mexico, and 
for his timely and efficient co-operation with the land 



FREEMEN, 1 848. 425 

forces of our country, whenever such co-operation 
could be rendered available. Adopted by the Board 
of Assistants^ July 24, Approved by the Mayor, 
July 28. 

At a meeting of the Board of Aldermen held on the 

1 8th. Day of September, 1848. 

Whereas y It is a wise and prudent policy to notice 
with marks of approbation, any act of noble daring 
and heroic courage, whether accomplished upon the 
land or upon the sea. either by those high in authority, 
or in the humble walks of life, and to express our ad- 
miration of individuals who, regardless 01 themselves, 
and anxious only for the safety of their fellow men, 
hazard their own lives in an attempt to rescue and 
preserve those of others ; and, 

Whereas, In the recent calamity which occurred to 
the Ocean Monarch, upon her voyage from Liverpool 
to the United States, by which one hundred and 
seventy-eight persons were suddenly sacrificed, the 
disinterested courage and noble bravery of one of the 
crew of the American ship New World, was the means 
of rescuing from an awful death twelve helpless women 
and children, at the imminent hazard of his own life— 
and who also, upon the occasion of the stranding of 
the packet ship Henry Clay, at Barnegat, was instru- 
mental in preserving property and lives, and who, in 
consideration of his late services and disinterested 
humanity, has received the congratulations of the 
Shipwreck and Humane Society of Great Britain, and 
distinguished marks of approbation from the Queen 
of England, the Prince de Joinville, and others, there- 
fore 

Resolved, That the Common Council of the City of 
New York, have heard with feelings of gratitude and 
deep interest of the noble daring, and gallant conduct of 
Frederick Jerome, a seaman on board of the American 
ship New World, who, at the imminent hazard of his 



426 FREEMEN, 185O. 

own life, was the means of saving a number of per- 
sons from the wreck of the Ocean Monarch, upon the 
occasion of her recent destruction by fire, and for 
which he is entitled to, and we do hereby tender to 
him, the thanks of the inhabitants of the first Com- 
mercial City of the Western World, and commend 
him and his family to the care and attention of those 
whose duty it is to protect the interests of our gallant 
seamen. 

Resolved, That the Freedom of the City be presented 
to the said Frederick Jerome, upon his arrival at 
this port, in a gold box, with suitable inscriptions, and 
that a Committee of three from each Board, be now 
appointed to carry the same into effect. Adopted by 
the Board of Assistants Sept. 2^th. Approved by the 
Mayor Sept. 26th. 

At a meeting of the Board of Aldermen held the 4th. 

Day of January, i85o. 

Whereas, The ship Caleb Grimshaw, belonging to 
the firm of Samuel Thompson & Nephe\y, of this city, 
was destroyed by fire, near the Azores, in the month 
of November last, while on her voyage from Liver- 
pool to this port, with a valuable cargo, and a large 
number of passengers; and Whereas, five days after 
the discover)' of the fire, all on board being in immi- 
nent peril, a sail was discovered, which proved to be 
the barque Sarah, of Yarmouth, Nova Scotia, com- 
manded by Captain David Cook, who, notwithstand- 
ing the sea was rough, the wind blowing a gale, imme- 
diately went to the rescue of those on board the Caleb 
Grimshaw, and after eight days perseverance and hard 
labor, succeeded in saving from a watery grave, nearly 
four hundred human beings ; and Whereas, it is under- 
stood the barque Sarah, is soon to arrive at this port, 

therefore, ^ r^ ^ n \ - • 1 

A\Ko/zrd, That the said David Cook is eminently 

entitled to the gratitude of the civilized world, for the 



FREEMEN, 1 854. 427 

humanity and generosity evinced by him on the afore- 
mentioned melancholy occasion, and the thanks of 
the people of this city are hereby tendered to him, in 
consideration of his gallant and self-sacrificing conduct 
during the eight days he was striving to save the lives 
of the people of a New York ship. 

Resolved, That the Freedom of the City be pre- 
sented to the sai(l David Cook in a gold box, as a feeble 
testimony of the high estimation in which he is held 
by the members of this Common Council, individually 
and collectively. 

Resolved, That a copy of this preamble and these 
resolutions be presented to Captain Cook, on his arri- 
val in this city, or sent to him at Yarmouth, Nova 
Scotia, in case of his not entering this port. 

Resolved, That the sum of one hundred dollars be, 
and is hereby appropriated to carry the above resolu- 
tions into effect. Adopted by the Board of Assis- 
tants, Jan. ^th. Approved by the Mayor Jan. ^th. 



At a meeting of the Board of Aldermen held the i6th. 

Day of January, 1854. 

Whereas, It is a wise and prudent policy to notice 
with marks of approbation any act of noble daring 
and heroic courage, whether accomplished upon the 
land or upon the sea, and to express our admiration of 
individuals who, regardless of themselves and anxious 
only for the safety of their fellow men, hazard their 
own lives in an attempt to rescue and preserve those 
of others ; and 

Whereas, In the recent calamity which occurred to 
the ship San Francisco, upon her voyage from this 
port to San Francisco, by which the lives of up- 
wards of one hundred and seVenty persons were sud- 
denly sacrificed, the disinterested courage and noble 
conduct of Captain Robert Creighton and crew of the 
British ship, Three Bells, from Glasgow, and bound 



428 FREEMEN, 1854. 

to this port, was the means of rescuing from an awful 
death, two hundred and thirty persons, among whom 
were women and helpless children, and many officers 
and soldiers of our government — at the imminent 
hazard of their own lives, and who did so nobly stay 
by the unfortunate vessel for six days, during a severe 
gale of wind, and at a time when his ship was in a 
leaking condition, and heavily loaded, with chloride of 
lime ; and 

Whereas, Captain Low, of the bark Kilby, of Boston, 
did, at the same time, remain by the wreck of the 
above unfortunate vessel, and with his crew nobly aid 
and rescue the unfortunate passengers from the above 
named wreck, while at the same time his ship was in a 
leaky condition, short of provisions, and nearly desti- 
tute of sails, and 

Whereas, Captain Stouffer, of the ship Antarctic, of 
New York, with his crew, did nobly aid, and, with 
heroic devotion endeavor to rescue the passengers 
from the above unfortunate vessel, and 

Whereas, Captain C. B. Pendleton, of the Ameri- 
can ship Lucy Thompson, of New York, did gener- 
ously aid in bringing into this port a portion of the 
surviving passengers, therefore, 

Resolved, That the Common Council of the city of 
New York have heard with feelings of gratitude and 
deep interest of the daring and gallant conduct of the 
officers and crews of the above-named vessels, who, 
at the imminent hazards of their lives, were the means 
of saving a large number of persons from the San 
Francisco, upon the occasion of her recent shipwreck, 
and for which they are entitled to, and we hereby 
tender to them the thanks of the inhabitants of this, 
the first commercial city of the Western World, and 
commend them and their families to the care and at- 
tention of those whose 'duty it is to protect the interest 
of our gallant seamen. 

Resolved, That the Freedom of this city be tendered 
to Captain Robert Creighton, of the ship Three Bells, 



FREEMEN, 1 86 1. 429 

and to Captain Edwin J. Low, of the bark Kilby, and 
a copy of this resolution, and a committee of three be 
appointed to carry the same into effect. Adopted by 
tlie Board of Counctlmen Jan. i ()th. Approved by the 
Mayor Jan. 20th. 



At a meeting of the Board of Aldermen held the 

22d. Day of April, 1861. 

The following resolutions were adopted : 

Resolved, That the thanks of the Mayor, Aldermen 
and Commonalty of the City of New York, are hereby 
tendered to Major Robert Anderson, of the United 
States Army, for his gallant defense of Fort Sumter, 
against a vastly superior force of men, guns, and for- 
tifications ; that as an evidence of the high apprecia- 
tion of this municipality for the faithful manner in 
which he discharged the delicate and responsible 
duties which devolved upon the commandant of that 
fort, the Freedom of the City be and is hereby con- 
ferred upon Major Anderson, in token of which it is 
directed that a gold box be presented to him by his 
Honor, the Mayor, and that for this purpose the sum 
of be appropriated. And be it further 

Resolved, That the Governor's Rooms in the City 
Hall be, and they are hereby placed at the disposal of 
Major Anderson, for any day upon which it may be 
convenient for him to receive the congratulations of 
the inhabitants of this City. 

Resolved, That a select committee of the Board of 
Aldermen and the Board of Councilmen, to consist of 
five members of each Board, be appointed to carry the 
foregoing resolutions into effect. 

Resolved, That a copy of the foregoing resolutions 
be suitably engrossed, and transmitted to Major 
Anderson by the joint committee. 

Resolved, That the sum of five hundred dollars be, 
and the same is hereby appropriated for the purchase 



430 FREEMEN, 1 862. 

of a gold box, to be presented to Major Robert An- 
derson, of the United States Army, in token of the 
Freedom of the City, conferred upon him for gallant 
and distinguished services at Fort Sumter. Adopted 
by the Councilmen April 29. Approved by the Mayor ^ 
May I, 1861. 



At a meeting of the Board of Aldermen held the 2d. 

Day of June, 1862. 

Preamble and Resolution offered by Henry W. Genet. 

Whereas, Our distinguished fellow citizen, Thurlow 
Weed, Esq., who for the last six months has been 
engaged in England and France in enlightening public 
opinion there in regard to the true character of the 
infamous rebellion which exists in the Southern States, 
and has thus rendered to the country valuable services, 
deserving public recognition ; and 

Whereas, It is expected that Mr. Weed will arrive 
at this city during the present week ; therefore be it 

Resolved, That the Freedom of the City be ten- 
dered to Mr. Weed, and that the Committee on 
National Affairs be instructed to take such steps as 
may be proper, to extend to him the hospitalities of 
the city on his arrival here» and extend to him a public 
reception. 

Which was adopted on a division ; yeas 13, nays 2. 
Concurred in by the Board of Councilmen June id^ 
1862 ; yeas 17, nays 3. 



At a meeting of the Board of Aldermen held the 5th. 

Day of June, 1862. 

The following message was received from his Honor 
the Mayor, vetoing the resolution extending the hos- 
pitalities of this City to Thurlow Weed, Esq. : 



FREEMEN, 1862. 431 

Mayor's Office, June 5, 1862. 

To the Honorable the Board of Aldermen : 

Gentlemen — I return without my approval the pre- 
amble and resolution tendering to Mr. Thurlow Weed, 
the Freedom of the City, and instructing the Com- 
mitttee on National Affairs ** to take such steps as may 
be proper to extend to him the hospitalities of the 
city on his arrival here, and extend to him a public 
reception." 

The ceremonies and ovation contemplated by this 
resolution necessarily involve the expenditure of public 
money. All doubt on this point is removed by the 
rejection of an amendment to the resolution offered in 
the Board of Councilme'n, providing that no expense 
shall be incurred thereby. 

Such being the character of the resolution, the City 
Charter requires that it shall receive the votes of three- 
fourths of all the members elected to each branch of 
the Common Council. Section forty-two of that in- 
strument is in these words : ** No money shall be 
expended by the Corporation for any celebration, 
procession, or entertainment of any kind, or on any 
occasion, unless by the votes of three-fourths of all 
the members elected to each Board of the Common 
Council." 

On examination of the official proceedings of the 
Common Council, I find that this resolution failed to 
receive the vote required by this section, and is, there- 
fore, clearly illegal. 

Candor requires me to add, that if this insuperable 
objection to the resolution had not existed, there are 
others which would have constrained me to withhold 
my approval. 

George Opdyke, Mayor. 

Which was received, laid on the table, and directed 
to be printed at length in the minutes, and published 
in all the newspapers employed by the Corporation, 



432 FREEMEN, 1 862. 

Among the passengers by the Persia yesterday was 
Mr. Thurlow Weed, of the Albany Evening Journal, 
who has been designated by some of our contem- 
poraries on the other side of the water as the " War- 
wick," of the Northern States. How far this title 
may be applicable to the modest, retiring gentleman, 
who has for so many years filled so large a space in 

e annals of the histor>' of our State, it is not for the 

porter to say ; but that he bears his honors meekly, 
must be truly said and written. Mr. Weed, who went 
to Europe as a private citizen, returns to be crowned 
with municipal laurels, and honored with municipal 
attentions. 

On the arrival of the Persia yesterday, Mr. Weed 
was met first by intimate personal friends, who had 
notice of his coming — Messrs. Dawson, James Davis, 
H. G. Hastings, J. E. Coulter, and others — whose 
greeting was as informal as it was hearty. Alderman 
Smith, chairman of the joint committee appointed by 
the Common Council to tender to him the hospitali- 
ties of the city and a public reception, was then intro- 
duced, much to Mr. Weed's surprise, but in answer to 
the prepared speech of the Alderman, he simply 
thanked them for the great courtesy extended to him, 
as unexpected as it was unusual, and asked time to 
consider what action he should take upon the occasion. 
The N. V. Thnes, June by 1862. 



At a meeting of the Board of Aldermen held the i6th. 

Day of June, 1862. 

The veto message of the Mayor, of resolution ex- 
tending the hospitalities of the city to Thurlow Weed, 
was taken from the table and the resolution!* passed, 
notwithstanding the objection of the Mayor by a divi- 
sion ; yeas 13, nays 3. 

Concicrred in by the Board of Councilmen^ June 
itth.y 1862 ; yeas 16, nays 2. 



FREEMEN, 1 862. 433 

At a meeting of the Board of Aldermen held the 7th. 

Day of July, 1862. 

•The Committee on National Affairs, to whom were 
referred a preamble and resolution, tendering the hos- 
pitalities of the city to Thurlow Weed, Esq., hav- 
ing undertaken the performance of the pleasing duty 
assigned them, presented Mr. Weed, as a part of the 
proposed ceremonies incident to the occasion, a duly 
authenticated copy of the said preamble and resolu- 
tion, properly engrossed,* to which the accompanying 
reply from Mr. Weed was received, declining the offer 
of such hospitalities, and which your Committee 
desire to present to the Common Council. 

Terence Farley, 

Henry Smith, 

John Hogan, 

Peter Mitchell, 

Ira A. Allen, 

Charles J. Chipp, ^ 



>• 



Committee on 
National Affairs. 



Albany, July i. 1862. 

Gentlemen : — I received, with a grateful sense of 
the honor they confer, the very flattering resolution 
adopted by the Common Council of our Commercial 
Metropolis. I accept them, frankly and proudly, as 
emanations rather of your own generous construc- 
tions than as merited by any service it may have been 
in my power to render our country. 

If, during a temporary residence in Europe, I have 
been enabled, in some degree, to relieve the complica- 
tion in which our affairs were involved ; to do some- 

♦ Mr. Weed returned to the United States in June. As he stepped off the 
steamer he was met by a committee of the Common Council delegated to inform 
him that in recognition of his services in Europe, he had been tendered, by a 
unanimous vote, the Freedom of the City of New York ; which would be pre- 
sented in a costly gold box, at a public dinner given by the city in honor of the 
recipient, that custom having been established when this distinguished honor was 
conferred upon Washington and Lafayette. Memoir of Thurlow Weed, by 
Thurlow Weed Barms, 1S84, page 413.1 

28 



434 FREEMEN, 1 862. 

thing towards vindicating our Government from unjust 
aspersions ; or to aid in turning back the tide of popu- 
lar sentiment, setting so strongly against our cause, it 
was owing to the prompt and generous confidence re- 
posed in me by our distinguished representatives in 
England and France. In bearing testimony, as is both 
a duty and a pleasure, to the ability and fidelity of Mr. 
Adams and Mr. Dayton, I cannot forbear to add that, 
rising above considerations which might have disturbed 
Ministers less truly devoted to their country, they not 
onlyacceptedunofiicial co-operation, but disembarrassed 
my colleagues and myself, by cheerfully facilitating our 
efforts. It is a pleasure, also, to add that, on several 
occasions and in essential ways, I was efficiently aided 
by Mr. Sanford, our indefatigable Minister to Bel- 
gium. Nor could the Government, in a season of trial 
and difficulty, have made happier selections of Consuls 
in Paris and London. Messrs. Bigelow and Morse are 
discharging their responsible duties in a manner worthy 
of all praise. 

Our government was by no means too prompt in in- 
viting some of its citizens to visit Europe. It is to be re- 
gretted that two or three eminent gentlemen, to whom 
it is understood that invitation extended, were unable 
to accept it, for the field was large and the laborers 
few. In the designation of Archbishop Hughes, and 
Bishop Mcllvaine, however, the Government was pecu- 
liarly fortunate. The services of these enlightened and 
eminent divines and devoted Union men, the former 
in Paris, and the latter all over England, were season- 
able and effective. Their exalted positions, their high 
characters, and their fervid zeal, gave weight and au- 
thority to their statements and opinions. 

Secession, while undermining for ultimate rebellion, 
was thoughtful of the importance of the favor of Eu- 
rope. The South, with its long-cherished purpose, 
worked as diligently abroad as at home. The North, 
unconscious of the great crime meditated, slept. Ac- 
tive emissaries of secession, aided too often by sym- 



FREEMEN, 1862. 435 

pathizing Miilisters and Consuls, settled the public 
mind on the other side of the Atlantic against us. 
Public opinion was formed against the Union, before 
our side of the question was presented, or heard. By 
turning truth end for end, and reading history back- 
wards, we were held by Europeans as the aggressors ! 
The last three months of Mr. Buchanan's Administra- 
tion were almost as injurious abroad as at home ; for 
there, as here, loyal men ohly occupied the places of 
disloyal Cabinet and Foreign Ministers, too late to 
nip rebellion in the- bud. 

Unfortunately, there were causes, as well as pretexts, 
for the lack of sympathy which we encountered in 
Europe. The governments of the old world remember 
that, from the nature of our institutions, our own sym- 
pathies have generally run with those who have 
struggled to overthrow monarchies, and that we have 
shown alacrity in recognizing the independence of such 
as struggled successfully. With the nations most inti- 
mately connected with us the " Morrill Tariff "was re- 
garded with great disfavor. In England it was believed 
that we not only cherished unfriendly feelings towards 
that country, but that we desired a disruption of 
friendly relations. The emissaries of rebellion seized 
upon these causes and pretexts, to turn the current of 
feeling in their favor. It was, too, plausibly urged, that 
the difference in climate, soil, habits, and ** want of con- 
geniality " between the North and South constituted 
such radical discordance, that our Union had become 
an impossibility. Indeed these fallacies were so suc- 
cessfully pressed, that Mr. Gladstone, in a recent speech 
at Manchester, stated that the Union was but a co- 
partnership, dissoluble whenever passion or caprice 
prompted, in any of the parties, a desire to withdraw. 
That eminent statesman — if, for a moment we adopt 
his theory — overlooked, or ignored the circumstance, 
that our secession copartners, in retiring, broke open 
the safe, and stole valuable securities, the common 
property of the firm — or, in other words, that, in 



436 FREEMEN, 1 862. 

separating, they seized the fortifications, the arms, 
the Custom-houses, the post-offices, and the public 
moneys — acts of treason in a public, or of robbery in 
a private sense, which would, perpetrated in England, 
have consigned them to the Tower or the penitentiary. 

While England, France, Belgium, and Germany be- 
gin to experience serious inconvenience and embarrass- 
ment from their short supply of cotton, I do not ap- 
prehend immediately, that these Governments will 
interfere, though, with the two former, the subject has 
been considered. It is proper to say that France is 
even more impatient than England ; not, however, 
from unfriendliness, but because the emperor assumes, 
in absence of employment, to supply his people with 
food. 

But we have nothing to fear from Europe, if we are 
successful in the prosecution of the war. Fort Donel- 
son, Nashville, Winchester, New Orleans, and Mem- 
phis are our strongest arguments against intervention, 
with Governments that determine all questions by 
military measurement. 

There are, however, but too well-founded reasons 
for apprehending future embroilment with England. 
Nor can I doubt the propriety of dwelling briefly, but 
earnestly, upon a danger fraught with consequences so 
vital to the welfare of both nations. The Trent affair, 
though happily, because rightfully, settled, has left an 
arrow with poisoned barb festering in our flesh, and 
irritating our nerves. The impression that England, 
willing to take us at disadvantage, availed herself of 
the erring judgment or impulsive zeal of a naval com- 
mander, to wage war upon us, has obtained through- 
out our country. That England expected war, and 
intended war, making with unparalleled alacrity, and 
in gigantic proportions, preparations for war, is ad- 
mitted to be true. But, with opportunities favorable 
to a correct understanding of the views of the English 
Government, and of the feelings that swayed the Eng- 
lish mind, I am bound, in truth and fairness, to say. 



FREEMEN, 1 862. 437 

that that Government and people sincerely believed 
that we desired a rupture with them ; that we sought 
occasion to taunt and snub them ; and, egregiously 
unfounded as the supposition was, that the present 
Secretary of State was the representative of this hos- * 
tile sentiment. In justification of these impressions, 
it was said that by "bullying" we obtained advantages 
in the settlement of the north-eastern and Vancouver 
boundary questions ; that we abruptly dismissed their 
Minister, Mr. Crampton, and their consul, Mr. Barclay ; 
that our sympathies, in their war with Russia, were 
with their enemy ; that we had often threatened to 
wrest Canada from them ; and, finally, that Secretary 
Seward had avowed hostile intentions towards England. 

Some of these grounds of complaint were, as we 
know, well taken, and all were believed to be so. 

We all felt that the recognition of the Southern 
Confederacy as a belligerent, by England and France, 
was an over-hasty and ungracious act. But, in sub- . 
mitting the proposition to the French emperor, the 
English crown lawyers enforced it by arguments which, 
from that standpoint, were forcible. Both Govern- 
ments supposed that the insurgent States had, or could 
fit' out vessels of war, and wished to relieve themselves 
from the responsibility of treating such vessels as 
pirates. In this they erred ; for, without the impunity 
thus extended to them, not even the Nashville or 
Sumter would ever have ventured to sea. - 

But, notwithstanding these adverse influences, and the 
existence, in certain high quarters, of views not friendly 
to the success of our form of government, the Union 
has many ardent, well-wishing friends in England, and 
can have many more, if we act justly ourselves, and 
labor to correct grossly erroneous impressions. The 
paths of peace are the only paths of pleasantness for 
England and America. In view of dangers which I 
do not exaggerate — dangers growing out of mutual mis- 
apprehension of each other's real sentiments — it be- 
hooves the Government, the Press and the People of 



438 FREEMEN, 1 862. 

both countries, by enlightened counsels, large tolera- 
tion, and wise forbearance, to soothe, rather than stim- 
ulate existing irritation. Nor in forming our estimate 
of the degree and value of English sympathy during 
our domestic troubles, is the fact, that her Queen and 
House of Commons modified harsh dispatches and re- 
sisted unfriendly legislatiqn, without significance. 

To have been deemed worthy, by the Boards of 
Aldermen and Councilmen of the city of New York, 
of the high municipal honors which their resolutions 
confer, is a distinction of which any man would be 
proud — to me it is a treasure more ''precious than 
rubies" or **fine gold." In again thanking you for 
this undeserved honor, I beg to assure you that, while 
I may be unable to justify this partiality, I shall at 
least do nothing that will induce the Common Council 
to regret its action. 

Born upon the banks of the Hudson River, my ad- 
vent in the city of New York, in the year 1807, was 
in the capacity of cabin-boy to the sloop Jefferson, 
Capt. Jacobus Bogardus, of Catskill ; and my first en- 
trance to the city, from Coenties slip up Broad street, 
with the trunk of a passenger on my shoulder, is a 
w(^ll-remembered incident. Subsequently, in 1816, '17 
and '18, I wrought there as a journeyman printer. 
Having, therefore, obtained an early foothold in our 
great metropolis, and witnessed its wonderful growth, 
its unparall'eled prosperity, and its unfolding material 
and intclKxtual glories, during a period which has 
angmrnted its population from less than one hundred 
thousand to more than a million, you will pardon the 
weakness which confesses its pride in being invested 
with tluj I^Vcedom of a city destined to become what 
London is — a centre and depository of the wealth, 
pow(T and wisdom of the world. 

In declining the hospitalities which your resolutions 
ront(Mnplate, and your Committee tender — though 
your own generous sympathies need no prompting — 
|)crmit me to suggest that the city s good cheer be 



FREEMEN, 1 862-3. 439 

reserved for and dispensed among the survivors of the 
gallant men who uphold the cause of the Union in san- 
guinary battles, with a steadiness and heroism which 
entitle them to our affection and gratitude. 

Respectfully and truly 

Your obedient servant, 

Thurlow Weed. 

At a meeting of the Board of Aldermen held the 

2;^th. Day of September, 1862. 

Resolved, That the sum of one hundred and ninety- 
eight dollars and twenty-five cents be, and the same is 
hereby appropriated for the expenses attending the 
reception of Thurlow Weed, Esq., and that the Comp- 
troller be, and he is hereby authorized and directed to 
pay the amount, upon the presentation of the proper 
vouchers. Adopted by the Counczlmen^ Oct. 17///. 
Approved by the Mayor, Oct. 2^d. 1862. 



At a meeting of the Board of Aldermen held the 13th. 

Day of August, 1863. 

Whereas, Rear-Admiral David Glasgow Farragut, 
the heroic chief of the Western Gulf Blockading 
Squadron, is now temporarily residing in this city ; and 

Whereas, The indomitable energy, unsurpassed skill, 
and heroic intrepidity that have characterized the 
career of Admiral Farragut, from the period of his 
entrance into the Navy of the United States, when a 
mere boy of nine years of age, until the present time, 
when he takes rank among the veterans of the naval 
service, a career that commenced as a midshipman on 
board the world-renowned Essex, Commodore David 
D. Porter, and was inaugurated in the terrific contest 
between that vessel and the British ships Phcebe and 
Cherub, in the harbor of Valparaiso, during the war of 
181 2, and which culminated in the passage of Forts 



440 FREEMEN, 1 863. 

Jackson and St Philip, and the Chalmete Batteries, 
mounting over two hundred and fifty guns, the disper- 
sion, destruction, or capture of the enemy's flotilla of 
about twenty vessels, guarding the Mississippi, below 
New Orleans ; the capture of that city ; the passage 
and bombardment of the fortifications at Vicksburg, 
Grand Gulf, Warrenton, Baton Rouge, and Donald- 
sonville, achievements which, combined with the vic- 
tories of the land forces of the United States, under 
General Grant at Vicksburg, and General Banks at 
Port Hudson, resulted in dividing in twain the so- 
called Confederate States ; in paralyzing their resist- 
ance to the legitimate Government of the Union ; in 
rendering nugatory the efforts of a most determined, 
unscrupulous and desperate domestic foe to accomplish 
the disruption of this, the most liberal government in 
the world, and which eventuates in opening to the 
commerce of the nation the inestimable blessings and 
advantages of the free navigation of the " Father of 
Waters," from its source to its embouchures — a career 
so unrivalled and brilliant, that it must challenge the 
admiration of the world, and particularly of every 
lover of this country and its free institutions ; and 

H'/icrcas, The exhibition of such rare patriotism, 
devotion to and love of country in one who is a native 
of. and was domiciled in one of the disaffected 
States, at the time of the outbreak of the rebellion, 
and who so manfully resisted every overture made, 
and advantage proffered to assist in betraying his 
country, by those who had sworn to be its defenders, 
but adds, were such an addition possible, to the repu- 
tation of Rear-Admiral David G. Farragut, for hon- 
esty, integrity, and patriotic devotion to his country, 
at that time in the utmost need of the services of her 
children, particularly of those whom she had educated 
anil fostered — thus presenting another among the 
many instances where citizens of Southern birth have 
|)n)ved themselves ** faithful among the faithless," and 
whose adhesion to the cause of the Union and the 



FREEMEN, 1 863. 44 1 

Constitution, but tends to prove the hopelessness of 
their destruction, and the futility of the attempt of the 
traitors then and now in arms for their subversion ; 
and 

WhereaSy It is in an especial manner the duty, as it 
is the pride of this Common Council, the representa- 
tives of the great commercial centre of this hemi- 
sphere, to bear willing testimony to the appreciation 
by themselves and their constituents of the patriotic 
worth, heroic valor, and untiring energy displayed by 
Admiral Farragut in every position he has occupied 
during his long, eventful, and useful life, in which he 
has had an opportunity of exhibiting to an admiring 
country those great and manly qualities, so character- 
istic of the American Navy, and as it is equally the 
duty of this Common Council to add their feeble trib- 
ute of admiration and respect for one in so pre-emi- 
nent a degree deserving of such a mark of esteem, 
with a view of perpetuating to our remotest posterity, 
the bright record of the name and fame of Rear- Ad- 
miral David G, Farragut, and in the hope of inspiring 
to deeds of emulation the youth of the " Great Re- 
public ; " be it therefore 

Resolvedy That the Freedom and hospitalities of this 
city be, and hereby are, respectfully tendered, by the 
Mayor, Aldermen, and Commonalty of the City of 
New York on behalf of its inhabitants, to Rear-Ad- 
miral David Glasgow Farragut ; that he hereby is 
earnestly requested to visit the Governors Room, in 
the City Hall, on any day most suitable to his conven- 
ience, to receive formally the congratulations of the 
municipal authorities, and of affording our citizens an 
opportunity of paying their respects, personally, to the 
** Hero of the Mississippi ; " and the Committee on 
National Affairs of both branches of the Common 
Council are hereby authorized to make the necessary 
arrangements for carrying into effect the provisions of 
this resolution ; and be it further 

Resolved, That a copy of the foregoing preamble 



442 FREEMEN, 1 864-66. 

and resolution be suitably engrossed, duly authenti- 
cated, and appropriately framed, and presented to 
Admiral Farragut. 

Adopted by the Board of Councilmen, August 14M. 
Approved by the Mayor, August lyth. 



At a meeting of the Board of Councilmen held the 

29th. Day of December, 1864. 

Whereas, Intelligence has reached this Common 
Council that Vice-Admiral David Glasgow Farragut 
and Captain Percival Drayton, of the United States 
Navy, are at present staying in the city of New York; 
and 

Whereas, It is appropriate and becoming that public 
notice should be taken of the arrival within our midst 
of two such distinguished representatives of American 
seamen, and that full opportunity be allowed our fel- 
low-citizens to meet with and congratulate them on the 
glorious results of their achievements ; therefore be it 

Resolved, That the Freedom and hospitalities of the 
City of New York are hereby tendered to Vice-Ad- 
miral David Glasgow Farragut and Captain Percival 
Drayton by this Common Council, acting in behalf of 
their fellow-citizens, and that they are respectfully in- 
vited to visit the Governor's Room in the City Hall, 
on any day they may deem proper to designate, to re- 
ceive the congratulations of the municipal authorities, 
and to afford an opportunity to the citizens in general 
of paying their respects to those intrepid and distin- 
guished guests. Adopted by the Board of Aldermen 
Dec, 2>ist. Approved by the Mayor, Dec. ^^ist. 



At a meeting of the Board of Aldermen held the 27th. 

Day of August, 1866. 

Whereas, His Excellency, Andrew Johnson, Presi- 
dent of the United States, will visit this city on 



FREEMEN, 1 866. 443 

Wednesday next, the 29th. instant, while en route for 
the city of Chicago ; and 

Whereas, It is due, as^ well to the exalted position 
he occupies as the Chief Executive officer of the Re- 
public as to the ability, patriotism, and devotion to the 
best interests of the nation that have characterized his 
administration of the duties incident to this great office, 
that the people of this metropolis should, in a manner 
befitting the occasion, and through their representa- 
tives in the Common Council, be afforded an oppor- 
tunity of testifying their respect and regard for him, 
personally, and of demonstrating their admiration for 
the eminently wise, national, and conciliatory measures 
proposed and adopted by him in his untiring efforts to 
inaugurate and perpetuate a new era of kindness and 
fraternal regard between all the States and people com- 
prising the American Union ; be it, therefore 

Resolved, That a Special Committee of five mem- 
bers from each branch of the Common Council be ap- 
pointed, to act conjointly with His Honor, the Mayor, 
to wait on His Excellency, Andrew Johnson, upon his 
arrival in this city, and tender to him the Freedom and 
hospitalities of the city of New York ; that the Gover- 
nor s Room in the City Hall be placed at his disposal 
in which to receive the congratulations of our citizens ; 
and that the Committee be, and hereby is authorized 
and empowered to make such other and necessary 
arrangements as will afford the people of the city an 
opportunity of manifesting their affection for the Presi- 
dent and of testifying their adherence and devotion to 
the principles entertained and advocated by him, of 
good-will, peace and reconciliation between all sections 
of our common country. Adopted by the Councilmen, 
August 2'jt/i. Approved by the Mayor, August 2jth, 



III. 



APPENDIX TO ROLL OF FREEMEN. 

1695—1774. 



APPENDIX TO ROLL OF FREEMEN. 

1 695-: 1 774. 



No. I. 

At a Common Council held the 8th. of July, 1695. 

Upon Reading an Order from his Excellency the 
Governour, Directed to the Mayor & Magistrates of 
this Citty, Requireing them forthwith to summons in 
all the Freemen of this Citty who by themselves or ser- 
vants are to be Immediably Imployed In the Repaire 
of ye Fortifications, Bulwarks, Flankes & Batteries 
thereof & that they are to see that all the Guns 
Mounted upon any of ye Fortifications be ready and fitt 
for present Service, Powder, Ball, and Gunners proper 
and fitt to Answer the Present Occasion for the De- 
fence and Security of this Citty &c. And the same 
being Considered, itt is the Opinion of this board that 
itt is Requisite and Convenient the Fortifications be 
put in Repaire and that the Freemen &c. of ye said 
Citty be forthwith ordered to Labour in the Reparation 
of ye same ; but are also humbly of Opinion that they 
have not power to Raise Money upon the Inhabitants 
for the Materialls that will be wanting and Needfull for 
the Effectual doeing thereof. 

City Records. 

No. 2. 

At a Common Council held the 19th. of November, 

1695. 

Ordered that the several Laws hereafter named be 
fairly Engrossed and Printed viz : — [See Jan. 16. 1695.] 



448 APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, 1 695. 

No. 10 Freemen to be Inrolled & Sworne 
'' II Apprentices to be bound before ye Mayor 
or some Aldermen. 

Ciiy Records. 

No. 3. 

At a Common Council held the loth. of December, 

1695. 

The following Laws were read and approved and 
Ordered to be forthwith Published. 
No. 3 Concerning Freemen. 
'* 22 Freemen to be Inrolled. 
** 23 Apprentices to be bound before ye Mayor, 
&c. 
The above named Laws were after the Ringing of 
three Bells Published according to Order. 

aty Records. 

No. 4. 

At a Common Council held the 12th. of December, 

1695. 

The following Oath of a Freeman was read and Ap- 
proved and Ordered the said be Printed and Adminis- 
tred to all such as shall be made Freemen of this City. 

The Oath of a Freeman. 
[Blank in City Records.] 

City Records. 



No. 5. 

At a Common Council held the 13th. of December, 

1695. 

Resoivedy That the Inhabitants of this Citty their 
Apprentices and Children that were here at the time 



f 
I 



APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, 1 695-98. 449 

the Charter was Granted be Allowed and Deemed 
Freemen of this Citty they Registring their Names in 
the Town Clerkes officie for which each person soe 
Registred shall pay Nine pence. 

City Records, 



No. 6. 

At a Common Council held January 23d. 1695-6. 

The Petition of Direck Slike, Francis Cooley, John 
Daniell, Peter Oday, Melgert Casparas Springsteen, 
William Gysbert, John Doublett & Simeon Soumoine 
was read & Ordered that they be Admitted Freemen 
of this City, paying the Fees of their Certificates only. 

City Records, 

No. 7. 

At a Common Council held Nov. 25th. 1697. 

The Several Laws and Ordinances to be continued 
in force for the space of three months. 
No. 3 Concerning Freemen 
** 22 Freemen to be Inrolled 
" 23 Apprentices to be bound before the Mayor, 
&c. 

City Records, 

No. 8. 

At a Common Council held May 23d. 1698. 

Ordered that for ye time to Come No Freemen be 
admitted into this Citty but what shall be soe Allowed 
by the Mayor and three Aldermen pursuant to the 
directions of the Charter. 

That No man for ye time to Come doe Claime a 
Right of being a freeman of this Citty that shall be 

29 



450 APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, 1698. 

Absent Out of the same for the Space of twelve 
Months, Unless he shall keep fire and Candle, and 
pay Scott and Lott, and in Case any person that is a 
freeman and shall be Absent as Aforesaid and not pay 
Scott and Lott and keep Fire and Candle shall loose 
his freedom. 

City Records. 



No. 9. 

At a Common Council held June 20th. 1698. 

Ordered that all the Inhabitants of this Citty their Ap- 
prentices and Children that were here the time the 
Charter was Granted be Allowed Deemed & Es- 
teemed Freemen of this Citty they Registring their 
Names in the Town Clerkes Office for which each per- 
son soe Registred shall pay Nine pence. Provided 
that None be Registred Under ye Age of twenty-one 
Years and that the said Register be taken before the 
Mayor and two Aldermen who are to sitt Every Tues- 
day Morning att ye Citty Hall from the hours of Nine 
to Eleaven of the Clock till the same be perfected. 
And that the Oath of a freeman of this Citty be Ad- 
ministred to all that Come to be Registred. 

Ordered, That all the printed Laws, Orders and 
Ordinances of this Citty be Continued in force for 
three Months longer, Except what Relates to the In- 
rollment of Freemen and Apprentices. 

City Records, 



No. 10. 



At a Common Council held October loth. 1698. 

William Sharpas, Town Clerk, to be paid for *• print- 
ing Certificates of Naturalization." 

City Records. 



APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, 1 699. 45 I 

No. II. 

At a Common Council held March 31st. 1699. 

The Petition of Robert Cranell was read and the 
Courte doe Order that he be Admitted a Freeman of 
this Citty Gratis, he being a poor man & not able to 
purchase ye same. 

City Records. 



No. 12. 



David Provoost as Mayor of this City hath not by 
any of the City Books accounted for the Freedoms and 
Lycenses during his Mayoralty in which 52 persons 
paid Excise to the Collector, and the same year were 
granted 24 Freedoms to Mechanicks and one to a Mer- 
chant, the usual fees of each Lycense is for the City 
18 shillings, each Tradesmans Freedom 24 shillings 
and each Merchants ;^3,i2, the whole if computed is 
;^63,8. Report to the Common Council, January 19, 
1710-11. 

City Records. 

No. 13. 

Certificate of a Freeman (manuscript form) from the 
original in possession of the New York Historical So- 
ciety. 

Citty of \ 
New Yorke, ) 

[L. S.] 

Isaac De Riemer Esq*' Mayor and the Aldermen 
of the Citty of New Yorke. To all to whome these 
presents shall Come Send Greeting Whereas 
Thomas Evans, Bricklayer hath made application to 
be made a Freeman and Cittizen of the said Citty. 
These are therefore to Certifie and Declare that the 
said Thomas Evans is hereby Admitted Received and 



452 APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, 1 70I-2. 

allowed a Freeman and Cittizen of the said Citty, to 
Have, Hold Enjoy and Partake of all the Benefitts 
Liberties Priviledges Freedoms & Immunities What- 
sovever Granted or belonging to the same. In Testi- 
mony, whereof the said Mayor hath hereunto Sub- 
scribed his Name and Caused the seale of the said 
Citty to be affixed the first day of October, Anno. Dom. 
1 701. Annoq. Rog. Regs. WilL tcrtii. Nunc. An 
&c. Decimo tertio, 

I. D : Riemer, Mayor. 
Will. Sharpas Clk. 



No. 14. 
At a Common Council held December 23d. 1701. 

The following Laws Orders and Ordinances of this 
Citty were read and Ordered and Established in full 
force and Vertue till further Order viz : [here follows 
the titles of 38 Ordinances] 
No. 3 Concerning Freemen 
*' 22 Freemen to be Inrolled 

23 Apprentices to be bound before the Mayor, 

&c. 
26 Oath of a Freeman 

29 Law Relating to Apprentices 

30 Who are Deemed Freemen 

31 Freemen to be made by the Mayor and Al- 
dermen. 

City Records, 

No. 15. 

At a Common Council held May 12th. 1702. 

Ordered that all the Soldiers of his Majesties Garri- 
son Forte William Henry in this Citty that are his 
Majesties Natural borne Subjects be made freemen of 
this Corporation Gratis, Any former Law to the Con- 



1 1 



i 



APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, 1 702. 453 

trary Notwithstanding and that Mr. Mayor Administer 
unto them the Oath of a Freeman and Grant them 
Certificates of the same under the Seale of the Citty 
accordingly. 

At a Common Council held May 26th. 1702. 

Whereas, His most sacred Majesty among many 
other princely favours shown to this Province, hath 
sent over during the Late Warr a Considerable num- 
ber of forces to protect and secure us from the Insults 
of our Enemies the French of Canada and their Indi- 
ans, which forces for our further protection his Majesty 
has been graciously pleased to continue amongst us. 

A7td Whereas, All manner of Provisions and Ap- 
parell are much dearer in this Citty than in England 
whereby the said soldiers Cannot Convenienly subsist 
of their pay only, but the most of them being Trades- 
men which had they a Liberty to Exercise within this 
Corporation itt would not only Enable them to live 
Comfortably but Impede their dissertion and Encour- 
age them in their duty and also others to List them- 
selves in the said service. 

Aftd Whereas, By the By-Laws of this Corporation 
No person whatsoever can keep shop or Exercise any 
handy Craft Trade or Occupation but such as are Free- 
men thereof under the penalty of five pounds for each 
offence after warning given. 

Therefore this Court taking into Consideration the 
many signal favours aforesaid and in token of their duty 
and gratitude for the same doe hereby Resolve and 
Order. That all the Officers and Soldiers (who are 
his Majesties Natural borne Subjects) belonging to his 
Majesties Garrison Forte William Henry within this 
Citty be made Freemen of this Corporation Gratis & 
Ordered, That the Mayor, Recorder and Aldermen 
administer unto them the Oath of a Freeman and 
grant them Certificates thereof under the Seale of the 
Citty and that the Town Gierke Register their Names 



454 APPExVDIX TO FREEMEN, 1 702. 

as Freemen accordingly, any former Law to the Con- 
trary in any wise Notwithstanding. 

City Records. 

See the Case of William Atwood, Collections of 
N. Y. Historical Society, for \%%o, pages 266, 290, and 

315. 



No. 16. 

At a Common Council held June 27th. 1702. 

Resolved, That all persons that are now dwellers 
within this Citty that are her Majesties Natural borne 
Subjects or Naturalized or Denizized that are poor 
and not able to purchase their Freedoms be made 
Freemen of this Citty Gratis & Ordered that the 
Mayor, Recorder and Aldermen doe Administer unto 
such the Oath of a Freeman of this Citty and that the 
Mayor Execute Certificates thereof under the Seale 
of the said Citty, any former Law of this Citty to the 
Contrary hereof Notwithstanding. 

City Records. 

No. 17. 

At a Common Council held June 27th. 1702. 

Resolved, That John Bridges, Doctor of Laws, Mr. 
Robert Mil ward, Mr. Charles Congreve, Mr. Edward 
Rich. Mr. Philip Rokeby, Mr. William Lovell, Mr. 
John Freeman, Mr. John Pierson, Mr. Peter Faucou- 
nier, Mr. Henry Swift, Mr. May Bickley, Mr. William 
Carter, Mr. Mott, and such Others of the household as 
Came into this Province with his Excellency the Lord 
Cornbury be made Freemen of this City Gratis Any 
Law of this Corporation to the Contrary Notwithstand- 
ing, Provided they be all her Majesties Natural borne 
Subjects or Naturalized or Denizized as by the Char- 
ter of this Citty is Required. 

City Records. 



APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, I702. 455 

No. 18. 

At a Common Council held June 27th. 1702. 

Resolved, That this Court in the Name of this Cor- 
poration doe Complement his Excellency Edward Vis- 
count Cornbury, Capt. General and Governour in 
Chiefe of this Province &c : with a Freedom of this 
Citty and that the Mayor Execute the same and Cause 
the Scale to be Covered with a Gold Box. That Al- 
derman Boelen doe make the said Box Convenient for 
the use, and that the Mayor Issue his Warrant to the 
Treasurer for the Payment of the Charge thereof. 

At a Common Council held December ist. 1702. 

• 

Orderedy This Court forthwith waite upon his Ex- 
cellency Edward Viscount Cornbury, Capt. General 
and Governour in Chiefe of this Province and present 
him with the freedom of this Citty and that Mr. Re- 
corder [Broughton] make a Speech to his Excellency 
suitable to the Occasion. 

City Records. 

No. 19. 
At a Common Council held July nth. 1702. 

Ordered that the Third Printed Law of this Corpo- 
ration called (Concerning Freemen) be Repealed and 
the said Law is hereby Repealed accordingly. 

Ordered that all the Laws, Orders and Ordinances 
of this Citty which were published the Eighteenth day 
of March last past be Continued in force till further 
Order, the third printed Law Concerning freemen 
only Excepted which is Repealed. 

Ordered that no person or persons whatsoever with- 
in this Citty and Liberties doe keep shop or sell any 
goods or Wares by Retaile or Exercise any handy 
Craft Trade or Occupation but such as are Freemen 



456 APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, 1 702-3. 

thereof or soe Admitted by the Mayor, Recorder and 
Aldermen, or by the Mayor or any three or more of 
the Aldermen (after Legal warning given) under the 
penalty of five pounds for Each Offence. And all per- 
sons hereafter to be made free shall pay as followeth. 

Every Merchant Trader or Shop Keeper the sum of 
Twenty shillings and 

Every handy Craft Tradesman, Six Shillings Cur- 
rant Money of New Yorke with Customary fees on 
being made free as aforesaid for the use of this Citty 
and that such as are not able to pay for the same shall 
be made free Gratis. 

City Records, 

No. 20. 

At a Common Council held October 26th. 1 702. 

Ordered Benjamin Barnes who Came over with his 
Excellency be made a Freeman of this Corporation and 
he was Sworne accordingly. 

City Records. 
No. 21. 

At a Common Council held March 9th. 1702-3. 

Ordered that Elias Desgrange, Peruke maker who 
came hither with his Excellency the Governour be 
made a Freeman of this Corporation Gratis. 

City Records. 

No. 22. 

At a Common Council held October 23d. 1703. 

Resolved that Matthias Pooley, Painter, Nicholas 
Pooley, Taylor, and George Booth, Joyner, being poor 
Tradesmen and not able to pay, be made Freemen of 
this Corporation Gratis. 

City Records. 



APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, 1 704. 457 

No. 23. 

At a Common Council held April i ith. 1704. 

Ordered that Thomas Byerley, Esq', her Majes- 
ties Receiver of this Province and Georgfe Clarke, 
Esqr. Secretary of the same be Complimented with 
the Freedom of this City. 

City Records. 

No. 24. 

At a Common Council held May 25th. 1704. 

Ordered that Mrs. Jael Ratier, Widdow of Jacob 
Ratier, late of this City Marriner deceased have Liberty 
to follow any LawfuU Trade or Imployment within 
this Corporation for the better obtaining a livelyhood 
for her and her family during her well behaving her 
selfe any former Law of this Corporation to the Con- 
trary Notwithstanding. 

City Records, 

No. 25. 

At a Common Council held October 3d. 1704. 

Resolved that Jacob Regnier, Esqr. Barrister att 
Law be Complemented with the Freedom of this City. 

City Records, 

No. 26. 

At a Common Council held December 22d. 1704. 

Ordered that Mary Lawrence, Widdow have Liberty 
to follow any LawfuU Trade or imployment within 
this City for the better obtaining a livelyhood for 
herselfe and family any Law of this Corporation to the 
Contrary Notwithstanding. 

City Records, 



458 APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, 1 706. 

No. 27. 
At a Common Council held July nth. 1706. 

An Ordinance was passed for the carrying on the 
Fortifications of the City. It recites that the Act of 
General Assembly passed June 1706, *' Enacted that 
from and after the publication of the said Act [An Act 
to Enable the Mayor, Aldermen and Common Coun- 
cil of the City of New York to Carry on the Fortifi- 
cations of the said City] all and Every the Citizens, 
Freeholders and housekeepers of the City of New York 
being Inhabitants of the same City for and during the 
Term and Space of two Years Either by themselves or 
sufficient Labourers shall doe such Labour att such 
days and times at such place or places and in such 
manner and forme for the fortifying of the said City 
of New York and for Maintaining the same in Repair 
as shall from time to time be directed and appointed 
by the Mayor, Recorder, Aldermen and Assistants of 
the said City of New York or the Major part of them 
Convened in Common Council on Penelty of six shil- 
lings for every Neglect Refusal or default to be for- 
feited and paid by Every such person or persons who 
shall Neglect Refuse or delay to doe and performe 
such labour by themselves or A sufficient Labourer in 
their Stead and place." 

City Records. 

No. 28. 

At a Common Council held Dec. 21st. 1706. 

Ordered that the following Laws, Orders and Or- 
dinances be and are hereby Published and Continued 
in force for the [usual] space of three Months. They 
number 42. 

No. 19 Freemen to be Enrolled 
'* 20 Apprentices to be bound before the Mayor, 
Recorder or an Alderman 



a 
it 



APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, 1 707. 459 

No. 24 Oath of a Freeman 

27 Law relating to Apprentices 

28 Who are deemed Freemen 

29 Freemen made by the Mayor and three Al- 
dermen. 

City Records. 



No. 29. 

At a Common Council held March 28th. 1707. 

Ordered that the following Laws Orders and Ord- 
nances [26 in number] of this City after the Ringing 
of three Bells were publickly read and published, being 
first Ordered Ordained and Established to be Coun- 
tinue and Remaine in full force and Vertue for the 
Term of three months from and after the date hereof. 

No. 1 1 Freemen and Apprentices 

Ordered that the aforesaid Laws be forthwith 
printed. 

City Records, 

Free-Men and Appentices, 

Be it Ordained by the Mayor, Recorder, Aldermen 
and Assistants of the City of New York, convened in 
Common Council, and it is hereby Ordained by the 
Authority of the same, That no Person or Persons 
whatsoever within this City and Liberties thereof do 
Keep Shop or sell any Goods or Wares by Retail, or 
exercise any Handy-craft Trade or Occupation, but 
such as are Freemen thereof, or so admitted by the 
Mayor, Recorder & Aldermen, or by the Mayor or 
any three or more of the Aldermen (after legal warn- 
ing given) under the penalty of five Pounds for each 
offence. And all Persons hereafter to be made free 
shall pay as followeth, Every Merchant, Trade or 
Shop-keeper the sum of 20^-, and every Handy-craft 
Trades-man 6^. current Money of New York, with 



460 APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, 1 707. 

customary Fees on being made Free, as aforesaid, for 
the use of this City. And that such as are not able to 
pay for the same, shall be made Free gratis. 

Who to be deemed Free-men. 

And be it further ordain'd by the Authority afore- 
said, That all the Inhabitants of this City, that are nat- 
ural born, naturalized or Denizons, their Apprentices 
and Children that were in the said City at the time 
the Charter was granted, be allowed and deemed Free- 
men of this City, they Registering their Names in the 
Town Clerk's Office, for which each person so regis- 
tered shall pay 9^. 

Apprentices to be bound before the Mayor ^ &c. 

And be it further Ordained, &c. That no Merchant 
or Handy-craft Tradesman shall take any Apprentices, 
to teach or instruct them in their Trade or Calling, 
without being bound by Indenture before the Mayor, 
Recorder, or any one of the Aldermen of the said City, 
and Registered in the Town Clerks Office, and not for 
a less term than four years, and at the expiration of the 
said Indentures, the said Apprentice shall be made free 
of the said City by the Master, if he have well and truly 
served him ; and the Clerk shall have for registering 
each Indenture of Apprenticeship, the sum of three 
Shillings, to be paid by the Master of such Appren- 
tice bound as aforesaid. And that all Indentures of 
Apprenticeship hereafter to be made within this City 
contrary to the true intent and meaning hereof, shall 
be void and of none effect. 

The Oath of a Freeman of the City of New York. 

Ye shall Swear, That ye shall be good & true to 
our Soveraign Lady Queen Anne, and to the Heirs of 
our said Soveraign Lady the Queen. Obeysont and 



APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, 1 707-8. 46 1 

Obedient shall ye be to the Mayor and Ministers of 
this City, the Franchises and Customs thereof. Ye 
shall maintain, and this City Keep harmless, in that 
which is in you is. Ye shall be contributing to all 
manner of Charges within this City, as Summons, 
Watches, Contributions, Taxes, Tallages, Lot and 
Scott, and all other Charges, bearing your part as a 
Free-man ought to do. Ye shall know no Forreigner 
to buy or sell any Merchandize with any other For- 
reigners within this City or Franchize thereof, but 
ye shall warn the Mayor thereof, or some Minister of 
the Mayors. Ye shall implead or sue no Free-man 
out of this City, whilst ye may have Right and Law 
within the same. Ye shall take no Apprentice, but 
if he be free-born, (that is to say) no Bond-man's Son-, 
nor the Son of an Alien, and for no less term than 
for four years, without fraud or deceit; and within 
the first year ye shall cause him to be enrolled, or else 
pay such Fine as shall be reasonably imposed upon 
you for omitting the same ; and after his term ends, 
within convenient time, being required, ye shall make 
him free of this City, if he have well and truly served 
you. Ye shall also Keep the Queens Peace in your 
own Person. Ye shall Know of no Gatherings, Con- 
venticles or Conspiracies made against the Queens 
Peace, but you shall warn the Mayor thereof, or let it 
to your Power, All these Points and Articles ye shall 
well and truly Keep, according to the Laws and 
Customs of this City. So help you God. 

Printed Laws and Ordinances published 2Sih of 
March, 1 707. 

No. 30. 

At a Common Council held May 20th. 1708. 

Ordered that Robinson, Widdow, have Liberty 

to follow any Lawful! Trade or Imployment within 
this Corporation for the support during her good be- 



462 APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, 1 708-9. 

haviour in such manner as the Widdows of Freemen 
of this City do hold and enjoy, any former Law of this 
Corporation to the Contrary notwithstanding. 

City Records, 



No. 31. 
At a Common Council held February ist. 1703-9. 

Ordered that this Corporation present his Excellency 
my Lord Lovelace with the Freedom of this City & 
that the Seal be Inclosed in a Box of Gold & that Mr. 
Mayor procure the same at the Charge of this Corpo- 
ration. 

Ordered that this Corporation Complement Roger 
Mompession, Esqr, Chief Justice of this Province, Mr. 
Harrison, Mr. Cockerill and Coll. Redknap with the 
Freedom of this City, & also Mr. Thomas Wood. 

At a Common Council held March ist. 1708-9. 

This day this Court waited upon his Excellency my 
Lord Lovelace who was pleased to become a Member 
of this Corporation by Accepting of the Freedom 
thereof (which this Court presented to his Lordship, 
the Seal being inclosed in a gold box) after which Mr. 
Recorder [May Bickley] made A handsom Speech to 
his Excellency Suitable to the Occasion Assuring 
him of the Loyalty and Affection of this Corpora- 
tion &c. : which his Lordship Received with great 
Satisfaction. 

April ist. 1709. A warrant was issued to pay the 
City Clerk, William Sharpas, the '* money by him dis- 
burst for Parchment, Silk Laces and Engrossing of 
Several Freedoms presented by this Corporation to 
his Excellency My Lord Lovelace & Others." 

City Records, 



APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, l7o8-ia 463 

No. 32. 

At a Common Council held March 12th. 1708-9. 

Ordered that Capt. William Bond be made a Free- 
man of this Corporation who was this day in this Court 
Sworn accordingly. 

City Records, 

No. 33. 

At a Common Council held March 30th. 1710. 

Ordered that the Mayor issue his Warrant to the 
Treasurer to pay to William Sharpas [City Clerk] or 
Order the sum of two pounds Eight Shillings Current 
Money of New York, it being for three Blank paper 
books one for Recording the Tax Roles and the other 
two for Registring Freemen, by him bought of William 
Bradford for the use of this City in February last. 

City Records. 

No. 34. 

At a Common Council held May 13th. 1710. 

Ordered That the Treasurer Keep a Particular Ac- 
count of the Several Branches of the City Revenue 
Arising by the Ferry Dock, Fines, Lycenses, Free- 
doms, Taxes &c. Entering in the City Journal the 
Persons Names taking their Freedoms, Lycenses &c. 
with the sums Received of them. 

City Records, 

No, 35. 
At a Common Council held June i6th. 1710. 

• 

Resolved that this Corporation Coriipliment his Ex- 
cellency Coll. Hunter with the Freedom of this Cor- 



464 APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, I7IO-II. 

poration, that the Seal be enclosed in A Gold Box of 
the like value as has usually been given to Other Gov- 
ernours and that the Mayor take Care that the same 
be provided Accordingly 

Sept. 12th. 1 7 10. A Warrant was issued to William 
Sharpas, City Clerk " for Money by him paid for En- 
grossing an Address and Freedom for his Excellency 
Coll. Hunter." 

City Records. 

No. 36. 

At a Common Council held July 25th. 1710. 

Ordered that Mr. John Keill and Mr. Archibald 
Kennedy, Gent, be Complimented with the Freedom 
of this Corporation. 

Oct. 17th. 1 710. A warrant was issued to William 
Sharpas, City Clerk, '* for Cash paid for Engrossing & 
Parchment two Freedoms for Dr. Keill and Mr. Ken- 
nedy." 

City Records. 

No. 37. 

At a Common Council held October 30th. 1711. 

A Law for Regulating Indentures of Apprentices. 

Forasmuch as great Inconvencies have arisen by 
Apprentices Serving but Four Years, by reason where- 
of they are seldom Masters of their Trades ; For Rem- 
edy whereof, Be it Ordained by the Mayor, Recorder, 
Aldermen and Assistants of the City of ^t,^ York, con- 
vefid in Common Council and it is hereby Ordained by 
the Atcthority of the same, That from henceforth no 
Merchant, Shop-Keeper or Handy-craft Trades man 
shall take any Apprentice, to teach or instruct them 
in their Trade or Calling, without being bound by In- 
denture before the Mayor, Recorder, or any one of the 



APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, I713-I5. 465 

Aldermen of the said City, and Registered in the Town 
Clerks Office, and not for a less term than Seven Years, 
and at the expiration of the said Indentures, the said 
Apprentice shall be made free of the said City by the 
Master, if he have well and truly served him ; and the 
Clerk shall have for registering each Indenture of Ap- 
prenticeship, the Sum of Three Shillings, to be paid 
by the Master of such Apprentice bound as aforesaid. 
And that all Indentures of Apprenticeship hereafter to 
be made within this City contrary to the true intent 
and meaning hereof, shall be void and of none effect, 
any former Law of this Corporation to the Contrary 
hereof in any wise notwithstanding. 

Also Ordered the Oath of A Freeman be Altered 
Accordingly. 

City Records, 

No. 38. 

At a Common Council held March 24th. 1713-14. 

Ordered that for the future the Treasurer of this 
Corporation do deliver out all the Freedoms & Ly- 
censes Granted by this Corporation and by the Mayor, 
and that he be Accountable to this City for its dues 
and to the Officers for their fees any former usage or 
Custom of this Corporation to the Contrary Notwith- 
standing. 

City Records, 

No. 39. 

At a Common Council held Jan. 15th. 1 714-15. 

Capt. Charles Pinkethman having done many Con- 
siderable services for this City in the late Warr as 
Commander of a Pirate ship of Warr called the Hun- 
ter Gaily, it is therefore hereby Ordered that this 
Court do Compliment the said Charles Pinkethman 
with the Freedom of this Corporation. 

30 



466 APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, I715. 

Ordered that Capt. Henry Holland and Lieut. Gar- 
land have the Freedom of this Corporation Gratis, 

City Records. 

No. 40. 

Certificate of a Freeman (printed form) from the 
original in possession of the New York Historical 
Society. 



I 



City of New York, ss. 

John Johnston, Esq., Mayor of the City of New 
_ York, do hereby Certifie and make Known to all 
to whom those Presents shall come, or may in any wise 
concern, That on the Day of the Date hereof, in the 
Court of Record held at the City Hall of the said City, 
before the Mayor, Recorder and Aldermen of the same 
City, Personally appeared Garrett Roos of the said 
City, Baker, and then and there, in Open Court, did 
take the Oaths, by Law appointed to be taken, instead 
of the Oaths of Allegiance and Supremacy, Subscribe 
the Test, and Make, Repeat and Swear to and Sub- 
scribe the Abjuration Oath ; And that his Name is 
accordingly Entered on Record in the said Court. In 
Testwiony whereof I the said Mayor have hereunto 
put my Hand and Seal in Nezu-York, the 19th. Day 
of July in the first Year of the Reign of our Soveraign 
Lord, King George, of Great Britain, Fra7ice and Ire- 
land, Defender of the Faith, &c. Annoq ; Domini 1 715 

John Johnston. 

Will. Sharpas Clk. 

No. 41. 

At a Common Council held Oct. 7th. 1715. 
Ordered that no Freeman or Inhabitant of this Cor- 



APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, I719. 467 

poration be obliged to serve twice in the Office of 
Constable of this City in less than fifteen Years time. 

City Records. 

No. 42. 

At a Common Council held December ist. 1719. 

The following Laws Orders and Ordinances of this 
Corporation are hereby Made, Ordained, Renewed 
Established and Published (after the Ringing of three 
Bells) and ordered to be Continue and Remaine in full 
force and Vertue for three Months from and after the 
date hereof, and Ordered the same with the Charter 
of this Corporation be forth with Printed &c. 
A list of 39 Ordinances given. 
No. 20 Freemen and Apprentices 

21 A Law for Regulating Indentures of Ap 

prenticeship 
39 The Oath of A Freeman of the City of New 
York. 

City Records. 



No. 43. 

Free-Men and Apprentices, 

Be it Ordain d by the Mayor, Recorder, Aldermen 
and Assistants of the City of New York convened in 
Common Council, and it is hereby ordained by the 
Authority of the same. That no Person or Persons what- 
soever within this City and Liberties thereof do Keep 
Shop or sell any Goods or Wares by Retail, or exer- 
cise any Handy-craft Trade or Occupation, but such 
as are Free-men thereof, or so admitted by the Mayor, 
Recorder and Aldermen, or by the Mayor or any three 
or more of the Aldermen (after legal warning given) 
under the penalty of Five Pounds for each offence. 
And all Persons hereafter to be made free shall pay as 



(( 



<( 



468 APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, I719. 

followeth, Every Merchant, Trader or Shop-Keeper 
the Sum of Twenty Shillings, and every Handy-craft 
Tradesman six Shillings current Money oi New -Yorky 
with customary Fees on being made Free, as aforesaid, 
for the Use of this City. And that such as are not 
able to pay for the same, shall be made Yr^^ gratis. 

Who to be deemed Free-men. 

And be it ftcrther Ordained by the Authority afore- 
said. That all the inhabitants of this City, that are 
natural born, naturalized or Denizons, their Appren- 
tices and Children that were in the said City at the 
time the Charter was granted, be allowed and deemed 
Free-men of this City, they Registering their Names 
in the Town Clerks Office, for which each Person so 
registered shall pay Nhie Pence. 

Laws^ Orders^ and Ordinances , page 13, Printed Edition of 1719. 



No. 44. 



The Oath of a Free-man of the City of New 

York 

Ye Shall Swear, That ye shall be good and true 
to Our Sovereign Lord King George, and to the Heirs 
of our said Sovereign Lord the King. Obeysont and 
Obedient shall ye be to the Mayor and Ministers of 
this City, the Franchises and Customs thereof. Ye 
shall maintain and this City Keep harmless, in that 
which in you is. Ye shall be contributing to all man- 
ner of Charges within the City, as Summons Watches, 
Contributions, Taxes, Tallages, Lot and Scot, and all 
other Charges bearing your part as a Free-man ought 
to do. Ye Shall Know no Forreigner to buy or sell 
any Merchandize with any other Forreigners within 



. APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, I72O. 469 

this City or Franchize thereof, but ye shall warn the 
Mayor thereof, or some Minister of the Mayors. Ye 
shall implead or sue no Free-man Out of this City, 
whilst ye may have the Right and Law within the 
same. Ye shall take no Apprentice, but if he be 
free-born, (that is to say) no Bond-mans Son, nor the 
Son of an Alien, and for no less term than for Seven 
Years, without fraud or deceit ; and within the first 
Year ye shall cause him to be enrolled, or else pay 
such Fine as shall be reasonably imposed upon you 
for omitting the same ; and after his term ends, within 
Convenient time, being required, ye shall make him 
free of this City, if he have well and truly served you. 
Ye shall also keep the Kings Peace in your own Per- 
son. Ye shall Know of no Gatherings, Conventicles 
or Conspiracies made against the King's Peace, but 
you shall warn the Mayor thereof, or let it to your 
Power. All these Points and Articles ye shall well 
and truly Keep, according to the Laws and Customs 
of this City. So help you God. 

Laws^ Ordets^ and Ordinances of the City of Neiu York^ 

page 24, Printed Edition of I'ji^. 



No. 45. 



At a Common Council held September 26th. 1720. 

Ordered this Corporation Compliment his Excel- 
lency William Burnet, Esqr, our Governour with the 
Freedom of this City with the seal thereof in a Box 
of Gold & that Alderman Cruger and Alderman Kip 
do take Care forthwith to prepare the said Box. 

The following Address was three times Read & Ap- 
proved & Signed by this Court & Resolved that this 
Court do Immediately wait upon his Excellency the 
Governour & present the same (viz.) 



470 APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, 1 72O. 

To His Excellency William Burnet, Esqr, Captain 
Generall and Gouvernour in Chiefe of the Prov- 
inces of New York & New Jersey and the Terri- 
tories Depending on them in America and Vice 
Admirall of the same &c. 

The Humble Address of the Mayor, Aldermen and 
Commonalty of this his Majesties most Antient 
City & Corporation of New York in the Province 
of New York in America. 

May it Please Your Excellency. 

Wee do with hearts full of Sincerity and affection 
Congratulate your Excellency's arrivall in this your 
Government of New York, And Wee do assure your 
Excellency that Wee take it to be a manifest Demon- 
stration of his Majesties most tender Affection and 
Care of his Subjects in these Parts to have appointed 
a Person of your great Character, Prudence and Other 
Eminent Vertues to Govern us. And that Wee will 
not only Support and Maintain with our lives and For- 
tunes his Majesties Royall Person and Government 
and the Sucession as now by law Established 
to the utmost of our power but as a Testimony of our 
Duty Study & Pursue the best methods Wee Can 
Conceive Cheerfully to Support Your Excellency's 
Dignity in the Administration of Your Government 
so as to make the same to You Easy pleasant and 
happy in all respects. 

Wee Doubt not but that as it is now both in Your 
power & will to do us good You will Exert Yourself 
in a Conspicuous Manner to make us a happy people 
and that this City will flourish in its wealth, Buildings 
& number of Inhabitants under Your Administration. 
And Therefore Humbly begg Your Excellency will be 
favourably pleased to do us the Honour to become a 
Member of our Corporation and participate of our 
Happiness. 

That his Majesties most Auspicious Reign may be 
attended with all Blessing, and the Succession Con- 



APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, I72O-23. 47 1 

tinued to his Royall issue throughout all Ages. And 
Your Excellency be Ever happy in Your Govern- 
ment over us are the fervent Prayers of 

May it Please Your Excellency 
Your Excellency's most Dutiful 
and most Obedient Servants 

Jacobus Van Cortlandt 

David Jamison. 

Oliver Teller, Edward Blagge, 

John Roosevelt, Jacobus Kip, 

Philip Minthorne, John Cruger, 

Philip Schuyler, Hermanus Vangelder, 

New York Phillip Cortlandt, 

September ye 26th, 1 720. Frederick Phillipse. 

At a Common Council held October nth. 1720. 

Ordered the Mayor issure his Warrant to the Treas- 
uer to pay Mr. Charles Le Roux, Goldsmith or Order 
the Sum of Nineteen pounds three Shillings Current 
Money of New York in full for a Gold Box for in- 
closing the Seal of his Excellency's Freedom of this 
Corporation 

Also a Warrant to William Sharpas, City Clerk, 
for '* Money by him disburst for Engrossing his Ex- 
cellency's Freedom, Parchment and a Silk lace " En- 
grossing ^i. Parchment 4s. Silk Lace is 3d. 

City Records. 

No. 46. 

At a Common Council held July 25th. 1723. 

This Court having taken into their Consideration 
the Great service lately done to this Province in par- 
ticular as well as to all other his Majesties good sub- 
jects in Generall by Capt. Peter Solgard, Commander 
of his Majesties Ship Greyhound, the Station Ship of 
this Province, who lately on a Cruise upon this Coast 



472 APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, 1 723. 

in the due Execution & discharge of his Duty upon 
Intelligence given him sought & Pursued and Engaged 
two Pyrate sloops Commanded by One Low (a Noto- 
rious & Inhumane Pyrate) one of which Sloops he took 
after a Resolute Resistance & Very Much Shattered 
the other who by the favour of the Night Escaped, 
twenty six of which Pyrates so taken being lately Exe- 
cuted at Rhode Island, not only Eased this City and 
Province of a very great trouble but of a very Con- 
siderable Expence &c. 

It is therefore Resolved Nemiyte Contra dtcefite, that 
this Corporation do present the said Capt. Solgard 
with the Freedom of this Corporation as a Mark of 
the great Esteem they have for his Person as well as 
fof the aforesaid Great and good services, and that the 
seal of the said Freedom be Inclosed in a Gold Box ; 
that Mr. Recorder [David Jamison] and Mr. Bickley 
do draw the Draft of the said Freedom signifying 
therein the Gratefull sense of this Corporation for so 
signal a service to the Publick Benefit & advantage of 
Mankind. That Alderman Kip, and Alderman Cruger 
do prepare the said Box, that the Arms of this Corpo- 
ration be Engraved on one side thereof and a Repre- 
sentation of the Engagement on the Other, with this 
Motto (Vizt) Qucesitos Hunta^ii Generis Hostes Debel- 
lare Superbum 10 /unit 1723. That the Town Clerk 
Cause the same Freedom to be handsomely Ingrossed 
on Parchment & that the whole Corporation do wait 
upon him to Present the same. 

At a Common Council held August 6th. 1723. 

This day the Corporation Waited upon Capt. Peter 
Solgard, Commander of his Majesties Ship Greyhound, 
and Presented unto him the Freedom of this Corpo- 
ration in the Words following, and also a Gold Snuff 
Box with the Arms of this Corporation handsomely 
Engraved on one side thereof, and on the Other his 
Majesties Ship Greyhound Engaging two Pyrate sloops 



APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, 1 723. 473 

and a motto Over them (Vizt. Qucesitos Huntani Ge- 
neris Hostes Debellare Superbum) which Capt. Sol- 
gard accepted with Great satisfaction and Invited this 
Corporation to a Collation to Morrow Night. 



^'^y°^ ^ss. 



New York, j 

Robert Walter, Esqr. Mayor and the Aldermen 
of the City of New York. 

To All to whom these Presents shall Come send 
Greeting. 

Whereas. Capt Peter Solgard, Commander of his 
Majesties Ship the Greyhound (the Present station 
ship of this Province) in his Cruise having Intelligence 
of two Pyrate sloops of Considerable force in Consort- 
ship under the Command of one Low, a Notorious 
Pyrate, that had (for upwards of two years past Com- 
mitted many Depredations Murders and Barbarities 
upon Many of his Majesties Subjects and Allyes) lately 
Come upon this Coast, hath with great Diligence and 
Outmost Application, Pursued Over taken and after 
a stubborn Resistance Vanquisht and Overcome both 
of them, taking one and driving the Other from our 
Coast. 

Which action as it is Glorious in it self, so it is 
Glorious (to witt) the safety and Freedom of our own 
Trade and Commerce and of all the Neighbouring 
Provinces on this Continent. Such Signal services 
done against the Enemies of Mankind Merritts the 
applause of all good Men but more Immediately from 
those of this Province who are appointed his Particu- 
lar Care and Charge. 

We therefore the Mayor, Aldermen and Common- 
alty of the City of New York assembled in Common 
Council to Express our Gratefull sense and acknowl- 
edgement to the said Capt. Peter Solgard for so Noble 
and faithfull discharge of his Duty and as a particu- 
lar Mark of the Great Esteem and Just Regard we 
bear to his Person do Unanimously present him and 



474 APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, 1 725. 

beg his kind acceptance of the Freedom of the Cor- 
poration of this City of New York and that he will 
please to become a fellow Citizen with us. 

These are therefore to Certifie and delare that the 
said Capt. Peter Solgard is hereby Admitted Received 
and allowed a Freeman and Citizen of the said City 
of New York To Have Hold Enjoy and Partake of 
all & singular the Advantages Benefitts, Liberties, 
Priviledges, Franchises, Freedoms and Immunities 
whatsoever Granted or belonging to the said City. 

In Testimony whereof the said Mayor hath here- 
unto subscribed his Name and Caused the seal of the 
said City to be affixed the twenty-fifth day of July 
in the Ninth Year of the Reign of our sovereign 
Lord George by the Grace of God King of Great 
Brittain France and Ireland, Defender of the Faith 
&c* Annog Domini 1723. 

Ordered the Mayor issue his Warrant to the Treas- 
uer to pay unto Mr. Charles Le Roux, Goldsmith, 
or Order, the sum of twenty-three pounds, Nineteen 
shillinijs. Current Money of New York, for a Gold 
Box and Engraving the same (by this Corporation 
presented unto Capt. Peter Solgard) 

Cit}' Records, 



No. 47. 

At a Common Council held July 27th. 1725. 

Ordered that all the Laws and Ordinances be renewed 
established and published, to continue in force for three 
months ** A I^iw Entituled A Law for Regulating In- 
dentures of Apprenticeship only Excepted." 

Ciiy Kecordi. 



No. 48. 
At a Common Council held October 27th. 1725. 
l^ixlored the Words in the Freeman's Oath (Vizt) 



APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, 1 726. 475 

(Ye shall also keep the Kings Peace in your own Per- 
son) be struck out of the said Oath and that the same 
words for the future be Omitted in the same Oath any 
former Law, Order or Ordinance of this Corporation to 
the Contrary hereof in any wise notwithstanding. 

City Records. 

No. 49. 

At a Common Council held September ist. 1726. 

Ordered the Oath of a Freeman of this Corporation 
for the future be in the words following (Vizt.) and that 
the Town Clerk have for his fee for Registring each 
Freeman sworn or made One Shilling and six pence 
(Vizt) 

The Oath of a Freeman of the City of New York. 

Ye Shall Swear that ye shall be good and true to 
our Sovereign Lord King George and to the Heirs ot 
our said Sovereign Lord the King. Obeysant and Obe- 
dient shall ye be to the Mayor and Ministers of this 
City. The Franchises and Customs thereof Ye shall 
Maintain and this City Keep harmless, in that which 
in you is. Ye shall be Contributing to all Manner of 
Charges bearing your Part as a Freeman Ought to do. 
Ye shall take no Apprentice for a less Term than for 
Seven years without fraud or deceit, and within the 
first year ye shall Cause him to be Enrolled or Else pay 
such fine as shall be reasonably Imposed upon you for 
Omitting the same, and after his Term Ends within 
Convenient Time being Required Ye shall make him 
free of this City if he hath well and truely served you. 
Ye shall know of no gatherings Conventicles or Con- 
spiracies made against the Kings Peace but You shall 
warn the Mayor thereof or lett it to your power. 
All these Points and Articles ye shall well and truely 
keep According to the Laws and Customs of this City. 
So help you God 

City Records, 



476 APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, 1 728. 

No. 5o. 

At a Common Council held April i6th. 1728. 

Resolved that this Corporation do Compliment his 
Excellency John Montgomerie, Esqr Capt. General and 
Governourin Chief of this Province &c, with the Free- 
dom of this Corporation, that the Seal be Enclosed in a 
Box of Gold, and that Alderman [Philip] Cortlandt and 
Mr. [John] Roosevelt be a Committee to get the same 
made with all Convenient Expedition. 

May 3d. 1728. Warrant issued to pay Mr. Charles 
Le Roux, Goldsmith, the sum of twenty pounds six shil- 
lings and six pence current money of New York, for a 
Gold Box for his Excellency's Freedom of this Corpo- 
ration. 

City Records, 

No. 5l. 

At a Common Council held July 30th. 1728. 

Whereas, At a Common Council held the 24th. day 
of March 1726-7 it was Ordered that in Case any Pros- 
ecution be Commenced against this Corporation or the 
ustices of this City and County (who are the Mayor, 
'Recorder and Aldermen of this Corporation) for the In- 
commodiousness and Insufficiency of the Goals, that 
Mr. Recorder, Mr. Joseph Murray and Mr. John Cham- 
bers, Attorneys at Law be retained as Counsell for this 
Corporation to defend the same and that Mr. Mayor issue 
Warrants to the Treasurer to pay to each of them Five 
pounds as a Retaining fee, which Warrants were issued 
and delivered to them accordingly. 

Ami Whereas. The said Mr. Joseph Murray and 
Mr. John Chambers have this day Voluntary delivered 
up to this Court the said Warrants unpaid to be Can- 
celled expressing their zeal and affection for the Good 
and Welfare of this Corporation and that they shall al- 



APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, 1 728. 477 

ways to the utmost of their power defend this Corpo- 
ration against any Attempts to disturb or molest them 
in their lawfull Rig^hts and Priviledges &c. It is there- 
fore Ordered the said Warrants be Cancelled before 
this Court. And Ordered the Clerk return them the 
Thanks of this Court for their Services and good Incli- 
nations to this Corporation. 

It Appearing to this Court that Joseph Murray Gent. 
Attorney at Law within this City is a zealous Assertor 
of the Rights and Priviledges of this Corporation, it is 
therefore hereby Ordered that this Court do Compliment 
the said Joseph Murray with the Freedom of this Cor- 
poration and that Mr. Mayor execute the same under 
the Seal thereof. 

It Appearing to this Court that John Chambers, Gent. 
Attorney at Law within this City (the place of his Na- 
tivity) is a zealous Assertor of the Rights and Privil- 
edges of this Corporation. It is therefore hereby Or- 
dered that this Court do Compliment the said John 
Chambers with the Freedom of this Corporation and 
that Mr. Mayor execute the same under the Seal 
thereof. 

City Records. 

No. 52. 

At a Common Council held October i6th. 1728. 

Whereas. Capt. Covil Mayne, Commander of his 
Majesties Ship Biddeford, at the request of his Excel- 
lency the Governour with great Chearfullness & Expe- 
dition sailed with the said Ship in pursuit of a Spanish 
Privateer that Infested these Coasts and landed a Con- 
siderable force on Gardiners Island and there Com- 
mitted great Depredations & Cruelties on the Inhabi- 
tants thereof, on Notice of whose Comeing the said 
Privateer fled with great precipitation. It is therefore 
hereby Ordered that in Grateful! Return of the said 
good service, that this Corporation do present the said 



478 APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, 1 728. 

Capt. Covil Mayne with the Freedom of this Corpora- 
tion, with the Seal enclosed in a Silver Box and that Mr. 
Mayor execute the same in the words following (Vizt.) 



City of 
New York, 



J 



Robert Lurtingf Esqr. Mayor and the Aldermen of 
the City of New York in America. 

To all to whom these Presents shall Come send 
Greeting. 

Whereas. Capt. Covil Mayne, Commander of his 
Majesties Ship Biddeford did lately at the Request of 
his Excellency the Hofible. John Montgomerie lisqr. 
Governour and Capt. General of this Province, with the 
Greatest Chearfullness, Bravery and Expedition (Not- 
withstanding that the Man of Warr under his Command 
was at that time unrig'd in Order to refit) in a few hours 
make ready and proceed against A Spanish Privateer 
Ship which had landed A Considerable force and already 
made barbarous havock and depredation upon the 
Coasts of this Province (at a time when his Majesties 
Station Ship the Shoram was unhapily disabled by the 
loss of her Masts in her late dangerous Voyage from 
Great Brittan and rendered intirely incapable of put- 
ting to sea) and by the Terror of his Majesties Arms 
under the Conduct of so Gallant and Experienced A 
Commander (which too soon reached the Ears of the En- 
emy) drove them from these seas, by means whereof our 
Villages that had lately felt and were hourly Exposed 
to their Brutal Ravage were freed from their Just fears 
and Apprehensions, our Alarms Ceased, and our Trade 
was again successfully Opened. We therefore- the 
Mayor Aldermen and Commonality of the City of New 
York Assembled in Common Council to Express our 
Gratefull sense and Acknowledgement to the said Capt. 
Covil Mayne for so Noble and faithfull A Discharge of 
his duty do Unanimously present him and beg his kind 
Acceptance of the Freedom of the Corporation of the 



APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, 1 73O. 479 

City of New York, and that he will please to become a 
fellow Citizen with us. 

These are therefore to Certifie and declare that the 
said Capt. Covil Mayne is hereby Admitted, Received 
and allowed A Freeman and Citizen of the said City of 
New York. To Have, Hold, Enjoy and Partake of all 
and singular the Advantages, Benefitts, Liberties, Privi- 
ledges, Franchises, Freedoms and Immunities whatso- 
ever granted or belonging to the same City. 

In Testimony whereof the said Mayor hath hereunto 
Subscribed his Name and Caused the Seal of the said 
City to be Affixed the Sixteenth day of October in the 
Second Year of the Reign of our sovereign Lord George 
the Second by the Grace of God King of Great Brittain, 
France and Ireland, Defender of the Faith &c : Annoq 
Domini 1728. 

ROBT. LURTING. 

Will. Sharpas, Clk. 

October 24th. 1728. A Warrant issued to pay Mr. 
Charles Le Roux, Goldsmith, the sum of one pound two 
shillings and nine pence Current Money of New York, 
for a Silver Box for inclosing the Seal of the Freedom 
presented to Capt. Covil Mayne. 

City Records, 

No. 53. 

At a Common Council held March 28th. 1730. 

The Committee appointed the 23d. instant to Con- 
sider about Obtaining a New Charter and of what things 
will be Needful to Petition for have made their Report 
in the words following (Vizt.) 

First, That we Petition for a New Charter in the 
Royal Stile to Confirm and grant unto this City their 
present Grant and Charter and all of the Antient Rights 
and Priviledges of this Corporation. 



480 APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, 1 73O. 

Tenth. That the Corporation have power to Ad- 
minister Proper and lawful! Oaths to the Freemen and 
Officers thereof, and that they have Power to make such 
and so many Freemen as they shall think fitt, and 
to Restrain all Unfreemen from Exercising any Trade 
or Occupation within the same: 

At a Common Council held August 3d. 1 730. 

The following Petition was read and approved by 
this Court and Ordered that Mr. Mayor, Alderman 
Philipse and Mr. Chambers do forthwith present the 
same to his Excellency the Governour. 

To His Excellency John Montgomerie, Esqr. Captain 
Generall & Governour in Chief of the Provinces 
of New York, New Jersey and Territories depend- 
ing thereon in America and Vice Admiral of the 
same &c: in Council. 

The Humble Petition of the Mayor Aldermen and 
Commonalty of the City of New York. 

Sheweth. 

That the City of New York is an Antient City, 
and the Citizens thereof have Antiently held and Still 
do hold and use divers and sundry Rights Liberties 
Priviledges Franchies free Customs Preheminencies Ad- 
vantages Jurisdictions Emoluments Immunities Lands 
Tenements Publick Buildings and Hereditaments as well 
by the Name of the Mayor Aldermen and Common- 
alty of the City of New York as Otherwise as well to 
the great Improvement of his Majesties Revenue and 
the sencible Increase of Navigation Trade and Com- 
merce as to the Advancement of the said City in its 
Number of Buildings and Inhabitants whereby the said 
City is become a Considerable Seaport and Exceedingly 
Necessary and useful! to Great Brittain in Supplying 
his Majesties Government in the West Indies with 

Bread Flour and other Provisions 

****** 



APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, I73O-3I. 48 1 

That the Mayor Recorder or Deputy Mayor with 
any three or more of the Aldermen have power to Ad- 
minister proper and lawfull Oaths to the Freemen and 
Officers of this Corporation, and that they have power 
in the Mayors Court to make such and so many Free- 
men as they shall think fitt, and to Restrain all Un- 
freemen from Exercising any Trade or Occupation 
within the same. 



No. 54. 

Extract from the Charter of the City of New York 
granted by Gov. Montgomerie Jan. 15th. 1 730-1. 

And we do hereby for us our Heirs and Successors 
Constitute appoint and Ordaine that no person whatso- 
ever not being a ITree Citizen of the Said City as afore- 
said Shall at any time hereafter use any Art trade 
Mystery or Occupation within the Said City Liberties 
and precincts thereof or Shall by himself themselves or 
others Sell or expose to Sale any manner of goods 
Wares Merchandizes or Commodities by Retaile in any 
house Shop place or Standing within the Said City or 
the Liberties or precincts thereof Save in the time of 
publick ffairs and that every Such person So using 
any Art trade Mystery Occupation or So retailing 
contrary to the Intent and meaning of these our present 
Letters and Shall persist therein (after warning to him 
or them thereof given or Left by the appointment of 
the Mayor of the Said City for the time being or his 
Deputy at the place or places where Such person or 
persons Shall So use any Art Mystery or Occupation 
or expose to Sale by Retaile as aforesaid any goods 
wares Merchandizes or Commodities as aforesaid) Shall 
forfeit the sum of ffive pounds New York money to and 
for the use of the Said Mayor Aldermen and Common- 
alty of the City of New York and their Successors for 
every time that he or She Shall So use any trade Mys- 
tery or Occupation or Expose to Sale by Retaile as 
31 



482 APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, I73O-3I. 

aforesaid any goods wares Merchandises or Commodi- 
ties after such warning given or left as aforesaid All 
and every of which Same fforfeitures Shall and may be 
Levied by Distress and Sale of the goods and Chatties 
of such Delinquent and Delinquents by Warrant under 
the Seal of the Said City Signed by the Mayor there- 
of for the time being or his Deputy rendering the Sur- 
plusage to the Owners or Owner thereof if any be 
(the necessary charges of making and Selling Such 
Distress being first deducted) or by any other lawful 
method to be obtained and Shall be recovered and re- 
ceived by and to the only use of the Mayor Aldermen 
and Commonalty of the City of New York and their 
Successors forever without any Account thereof to be 
given to us our Heirs or Successors or to any of the 
Officers or Ministers of us our Heirs or Successors Pro- 
vided always and we do hereby for us our Heirs and 
Successors direct appoint and order that no person or 
persons Shall be made free as aforesaid but Such as are 
or Shall be natural born Subjects of us our Heirs or 
Successors or shall be Naturalized or made Denizens 
And we do further for us our Heirs and Successors 
Ordain appoint direct will and grant that all and every 
person and persons now living who at any time here- 
tofore have been Admitted ffi-ee Citizens or into the 
ffi-eedom of the Said City of New York Shall be and 
remain ffree thereof and free Citizens and have and 
enjoy the Said ffreedom and all the rights and "privil- 
edores of ffreemen and free Citizens of the Said City 
of New York to all Intents and purposes whatsoever. 

Manual of the Common Council^ 1868, page 34. 



No. 55. 



At a Common Council held February nth. 1730-31. 

This day the Corporation received from the hands 
of Gov. Montgomerle the new Charter of the City, 



APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, 1 73 1. 483 

which was pubh'shed at the entrance to the City Hill 
with the usual formality of ringing three bells and mak- 
ing proclamation for silence, they then returned to the 
Common Council Chamber. 

Robert Lurting, Esqr. Mayor, Francis Hanson Esqr. 
Recorder, Frederick Philipse, Gerrardus Stuyvesant 
and John Roosevelt, Esqr. Mr. Samuel Kip, Mr. Isaac 
De Peyster and Mr. John Moore (all Members of this 
Court) were sworn Freemen of this Corporation and 
ordered to be Registred accordingly. 

Ordered this Corporation do Compliment James De 
Lancey Esqr., Peter Warren, Esqr. Commander of his 
Majestys Ship Solebay, James Alexander, Esqr. Wil- 
liam Jamison and William Smith Gent. Attorneys at 
Law and John Avory Gent. Each with the Freedom of 
this Corporation. 

City /Records, 

No. 56. 

At a Common Council held October 14th. 1731. 

Ordered that Henry Beekman Esqr. High Sheriff of 
this City and County be complimented with the Free- 
dom of this Corporation. 

City Records, 

No. 5/. 

At a Common Council held November i8th. 1731. 

The following Laws, Orders and Ordinances having 
been read and considered in severall Common Coun- 
cils and several Additions Alterations and Amendments 
made thereunto were this day Read again and ap- 
proved and ordered to be Continue and Remain in 
full force and Vertue for the Term of one year from 
and after the Publication thereof and forthwith to be 
printed [forty laws entered in Common Council Min- 
utes.] 



484 APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, 1 73 1. 

A Law relating to making Freemen. 

Be It Ordained by the Mayor: Recorder, Aldermen 
and Assistants of the City of New York convened 
in Common Council, and it is hereby Ordained by the 
Authority of the same, That no Person or Persons 
whomsoever, within this City and Liberties thereof, do 
keep Shop, or sell or expose to Sale any Goods or 
Wares by Retail, or exercise any Handy-craft Trade 
or Occupation, but such as are Free-men thereof, or so 
admitted by the Mayor, Recorder and Aldermen, or by 
the Mayor, or any four or more of the Aldermen in the 
Mayors Court or in Common Council (after legal Warn- 
ing given to the contrary) under the Penalty of Five 
Pounds for each Offence. And all Persons hereafter 
to be made free of this Corporation shall pay for the 
Freedom thereof as followeth (to wit) Every Merchant, 
Trader or Shop-keeper, the sum of Three Pounds of 
current Money of this Colony, & every Handy-craft 
Tradesman the sum of Twenty Shillings of like current 
Money, for the Use of this Corporation, with the custom- 
ary Fees, on being made free, as aforesaid. 

A Law for Regulating Indentures of Apprenticeship. 

Be it Ordained by the Mayor, Recorder, Aldermen 
and Assistants of the City of New York convened in 
Common Council, and it is hereby Ordained by the 
Authority of the same. That from hence-forth no Mer- 
chant, Shop-keeper or Handy-craft Trades-man shall 
take any Apprentice to Teach or Instruct them in their 
Trade or Calling within this City, without being bound 
by Indenture before the Mayor, Recorder or one of 
the Aldermen of the said City, and enroling the same 
in the Town-Clerk's Office. And that at the expira- 
tion of the said Indentures the said Apprentice shall 
be made free of this City by the Master, if he hath 
well and truly served him. And the Clerk shall have 
for enroling each Indenture of Apprenticeship the sum 



APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, 1 732. 485 

of Three Shillings, to be paid by the Master of such 
Apprentice, bound as aforesaid. 

The Oath of a Freeman of the City of New York. 

Ye do Swear, That ye shall be good and true to 
our Sovereign Lord King George the Second, and 
to the Heirs of Our said Sovereign Lord the King ; 
Obeysant and Obedient shall ye be to the Mayor and 
Ministers of this City, the Franchises and Customs 
thereof. Ye shall maintain, and this City keep Harm- 
less, in that which in you is. Ye shall be contributing 
to all manner of Charges within this City, as Summons 
Watches, Contributions, Taxes, Tallages, Lot and 
Scot, and all other Charges, bearing your part as a 
Freeman ought to do. Ye shall know of no Gather- 
ings, Conventicles or Conspiracies made against the 
King's Peace, but you shall warn the Mayor thereof, 
or let it, to your power. All these Points and Articles 
ye shall well and truly Keep, according to the Laws 
and Customs of this City. So help you God. 

Printed Laws and Ordinances of the City of New York^ 1731. 



No. 58. 



At a Common Council held August 3d. 1732. 

Resolved that this Corporation do Address his Ex- 
cellency the Governour on his Safe and happy Arrival 
to this his Government, and that Mr. Recorder, Alder- 
man Cruger, Alderman Philipse, Alderman Rutgers 
and Mr. Chambers or any three of them be a Com- 
mittee to prepare the said Address. That this Corpo- 
ration do also present his Excellency with the Freedom 
thereof and that the Seal be inclosed in a Gold Box. 
That the same Committee do Enquire of his Excel- 
lency if he will do this Corporation the Honour to 
dine with them & when and what time will suit his 



486 APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, 1 732. 

Excellencys Conveniency. That the same Committee 
do give Necessary Orders for Making the said Gold 
Box and for preparing a Dinner Agreeable to the Oc- 
cassion. 



At a Common Council held August 8th. 1732. 

The following Address to his Excellency William 
Cosby, Capt. General and Governour in Chief of this 
Province &c ; was read and unanimously approved and 
signed by this Court; And Ordered this Court do 
wait upon his Excellency with the same to-morrow 
and also present his Excellency with the Freedom of 
this Corporation with the Seal thereof in a Gold Box, 
and that his Excellency be invited to do this Corpo- 
ration the Honour to dine with them the same day. 

To His Excellency William Cosbv, Esqr. Captain 
General & Governour in Chief of the Provinces 
of New York, New Jersey and Territories de- 
pending thereon in America and Vice Admiral 
of the same and Colonel in his Majestys Army. 

The Humble Address of the Mayor, Recorder, Alder- 
men and Commonalty of this his Majestys most 
Ancient City and Corporation of New York in 
the Colony of New York in America 

May it please your Excellency, 

The Corporation of this City of New York Attends 
you to Congratulate Your Excellency s, Your Lady's, 
and Your familys Safe and happy Arrival in Your Gov- 
ernment where we hope Your Excellency s Administra- 
tion will give you ease and Tranquility Equal to what 
it promises. 

His Majesty has ever been so Exceedingly Gracious 
to this Province as in giving us a Governour to give us 
a Guardian of his People here and that most tender 
Care of his distant Subjects after our late much lamented 
loss he has Renewed to us in Your Excellency who 



APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, 1 732. 487 

have been pleased to give us Your Protection before we 
were in a Capacity to be Gratefull for it. 

Sir, It is an unspeakable Comfort to us that while you 
have successfully Opposed the attacks of our too Ambi- 
tious friends the Sugar Colonies, you are still in a more 
Exalted Circumstance placed at the head of a Frontier 
People who upon any sudden or unexpected Rupture 
may have Occasion to Sue to your Excellency, that you 
would again Exert that Valour, Conduct and Experience 
which has so Eminently signalized your Excellency as 
a Soldier. 

Sir, As Trade is the Support of this Colony and this 
City the Center of that Trade, we hope your Excellency 
will Countenance and Protect us in the Enjoyment of 
all our Rights and Priviledges : And as we are Grate- 
fully Sensible of your Excellency's past favour we will 
Unanimously Endeavour to deserve the Continuance of 
them. 

We are May it please your Excellency 
Sir, Your Excellency's 
Most Obedient and 

Most Humble Servants 

John Chambers, Robert Lurting, 

John Moore, Francis Harison, 

Petrus Rutgers, John Cruger, 

Isaac De Peyster, Harmanus Vangelder, 

Gerrard Beekman, Gerrardus Stuyvesant, 

Garret Roos, Anthony Rutgers, 

Johannes Waldron, John Roosevelt, 

Johannes Hardenbroeck, 

To which Address his Excellency was pleased to 
Return the following Answer (vizt.) 

Gentlemen, 
I thank for this Kind Address wherein you Express 
much Loyalty, there is Nothing I can do that will be 
so pleasing to his Majesty as Endeavouring all that is 



488 APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, 1 732. 

in my Power towards the Enlarging your Trade and 
Protecting you in your just Rights and Priviledges, 
which I will do very Chearfully. 

August 13M. 1732. A Warrant was issued to pay 
Mr, Charles Le Roux, Goldsmith, the sum of Twenty 
pounds eleven shillings and six pence current money 
of New York, for a Gold Box and Engraving the same 
for enclosing the Seal of his Excellencys Freedom of 
this Corporation. 

City Records, 



No. 59. 

At a Common Council held October 20th. 1732. 

This Corporation being Informed that the Right 
Hoiible Lord Augustus Fitz Roy son of his Grace the 
Duke of Grafton, Lord Chamberlain of his Majestys 
Household &c : is Arrived within this City to pay a 
visit to his Excellency the Governour his Lady and fam- 
ily. It is therefore hereby Resolved {Nemine Contra 
dice7itc) that this Corporation do wait upon his Lord- 
ship in a full body to Congratulate his Lordships Arri- 
val within this City and present his Lordship with the 
Freedom thereof, and that the Seal thereof be Inclosed 
in a Gold Box with the Arms of this City Engraved 
thereon at the Charge of this Corporation. 

At a Common Council held October 23d. 1732. 

The following Freedom was read and Approved by 
this Court & Signed by the Mayor and the Seal of 
this Corporation Affixed thereunto and the same In- 
closed in a Gold Box & thereupon this Court waited 
upon his Lordship at his Majestys Garrison and pre- 
sented the same to his Lordship where Mr. Recorder 
[Francis Harison] made a Very Elegant Speech on 
the Occasion, 



APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, 1 732. 489 



City of 

New York 



.}''• 



Robert Lurting Esq. Mayor and the Aldermen of 
the City of New York. To all to whom these Presents 
shall Come Greeting. 

Whereas, The Right Honourable Augustus Fitz Roy 
son to his Grace the most High Puissant and Noble 
Prince Charles Fitz Roy, Duke of Grafton in the King- 
dom of Great Brittain, Lord Chamberlain of his Maj- 
estys Household, One of his Majestys most Honour- 
able Privy Council and Knight of the most Noble 
Order of the Garter &c : hath been pleased to Honour 
this City with his Presence which we Esteem as A 
Mark and Testimony of his Lordships Regard and 
Respect for his Excellency our Governour the Honour- 
able Colonel William Cosby, his Excellent Lady and 
family and as a Most signal favour done to this Cor- 
poration. And inasmuch as his Lordship is Pleased 
in a Most Condescending Manner to become a Free- 
man and Citizen of the same which we shall ever Value 
as our Peculiar Happiness and distinguishing Ornament 
in Gratefull Acknowledgement thereof These are to 
Certifie and declare that the said Right Honourable 
Lord Augustus Fitz Roy is hereby Admitted Received 
and Allowed a Freeman and Citizen of the said City 
of New York. To Have, Hold, Enjoy and Partake 
of all and singular the Advantages, Benefitts, Liberties, 
Priviledges, Franchises, Freedoms and Immunities what- 
sover Granted or belonging to the same City to him 
and his Heirs forever. 

In Testimony whereof the said Mayor hath sub- 
scribed his Name and Caused the Seal of the said 
City to be Affixed the twenty third day of October, 
in the sixth Year of the Reign of our sovereign Lord 
George the second by the Grace of God King of 
Great Brittain, France and Ireland Defender of the 
Faith &c : Annoq. Doth. 1732. 

RoBT. Lurting, Mayor. 



490 APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, 1 733. 

July 27th. 1733. A Warrant issued to pay Mr. 
Charles Le Roux, Goldsmith, for the sum of Fourteen 
pounds, eight shillings current money of New York, for 
a Gold Box containing the seal of the Freedom of the 
Right Honble the Lord Augustus Fitz Roy. 

City Records* 



No. 60. 



At a Common Council held August 24th. 1733. 

This Corporation being very desirous upon all Oc- 
casions to demonstrate the Great Deference they 
have and justly Entertain for his Excellency William 
Cosby Esqr. Capt. General and Governour in Chief 
of this Province and for his Excellencies Noble iamily 
do hereby Order that the Hofible Major Alexander 
Cosby Esqr. Brother to his Excellency the Governour ; 
and Lieutenant Governour of His Majesties Garrison 
of Annapolis Royal and Thomas Freeman Esqr. son 
in law to his said Excellency be Each of them pre- 
sented with the Freedom of this Corporation and that 
the Seal of each Freedom be Inclosed in a Silver 
Box, Guilt, with the Arms of this City Engraved there- 
on, and that this Court do wait upon them & pray 
their Acceptance thereof and present the same Ac- 
cordingly. 

Ordered Mr. Mayor provide the said Boxes. 

At a Common Council held August 27th. 1733. 

This day the Court waited on the Honble Major 
Cosby and Thomas Freeman Esqr. at his Majestys Gar- 
rison, Fort George, within this City, and presented 
unto them the following Freedoms, which they were 
pleased very kindly to accept, and Assured this Cor- 
poration, that at all times, they will do them all the 
good Offices & services in their Power &c : 



APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, 1733. 491 

City of 



New York 



. 



ss. 



Robert Lurting. Esqr. Mayor and the Aldermen 
of the City of New York. 

To all to whome these Presents shall Come Send 
Greeting. Whereas, the Mayor, Recorder, Aldermen 
and Assistants of this Corporation in Common Council 
Convened think themselves in Duty bound to Embrace 
Every Occasion of Expressing their Affection and Es- 
teem for the Person and Noble family of his Excellency 
their Present Governour. And being truly sensible of 
the Loyality, Courage, Conduct and Great Abilities of 
the Honourable Major Alexai\der Cosby Esqr. and Am- 
bitious of Receiving so worthy A Member into this Cor- 
poration did Order, that the said Alexander Cosby Esqr. 
should be presented with the Freedom of this Corpora- 
tion. These are therefore to Certifie and declare that 
the said Alexander Cosby, Esqr. is hereby Admitted Re- 
ceived and Allowed A Freeman and Citizen of the said 
City. To Have, Hold, Enjoy and Partake of all the 
Benefitts, Priviledges, Franchises, Freedoms and Im- 
munities whatsover Granted or belonging to the same 
City. In Testimony whereof the said Mayor hath here 
unto Subscribed his Name and Caused the Seal of the 
said City to be Affixed the four and twentieth day of 
August in the Seventh Year of the Reign of our Sover- 
eign Lord George the Second by the Grace of God 
King of Great Brittain France and Ireland Defender 
of the Faith &c: Annoq. Dofh. 1733. 

RoBT. Lurting. 
Per Order of Common Council 

Will. Sharpas, Clk. 

^'^y^f Iss 

New York. [ ^^• 

Robert Lurting, Esqr. Mayor and the Aldermen of 
this City of New York. 

To all to whom these Presents shall Come Send 



492 APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, 1 733-4. 

Greeting. Whereas the Mayor, Recorder, Aldermen 
and Assistants of this Corporation in Common Council 
Convened from A due sense of the Enjoyment of that 
Peace, Quiet, Ease, Liberty & Prosperity which they 
possess under the Virtuous just and Equitable Admin- 
istration of his Excellency the Honourable William 
Cosby, Esqr. their most beloved and Esteemed Gov- 
ernour, and desirious ever to Retain amongst them 
the most sure and Valuable Pledges of that Regard 
which his Excellency, his Right Hounourable Lady 
and Noble family have in many former and late In- 
stances Expressed for them and Considering how great 
Advantage it will be to them to Enroll in their Num- 
ber A Person of so great Merit, Distinction and 
ample fortune as is Thomas Freeman Esqr. lately inter- 
married with the Vertuous and Honble Lady Mrs. Grace 
Cosby Youngest Daughter to his said Excellency, did 
Order that the said Thomas Freeman Esqr. should be 
presented with the Freedom of this Corporation. These 
therefore are to Certifie and declare that the said 
Thomas Freeman, Esqr. is hereby Admitted, Received 
and Allowed A Freeman and Citizen of the said City. 
To Have, Hold, Enjoy and Partake of all the Benefitts, 
Liberties, Priviledges, Franchises, Freedoms and Im- 
munities whatsoever Granted or belonging to the same 
City. In Testimony whereof the Mayor hath hereunto 
Subscribed his Name and Caused the Seal of the said 
City to be Affixed the four and twentieth day of August 
in the Seventh Year of the Reign of our Sovereign 
Lord George the Second by the Grace of God King of 
Great Brittain, France and Ireland. Defender of the 
Faith &c: Afinog. Dofh. 1733. 

ROBT. LURTING. 

Per Order of Common Council 

Will. Sharpas, Clk. 

March 15th. 1733-4. A Warrant issued to Mr. 
Charles Le Roux, Goldsmith, to pay the sum of Seven 
pounds, One Shilling & Eleven pence half penny cur- 



APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, 1 734* 493 

rent Money of New York for two silver Guilt Boxes 
for the Freedoms of the Honble Major Alexander 
Cosby and Thomas Freeman Esqr. 

City Records, 



No. 61. 



At a Common Council held November 4th. 1 734. 

Ordered the Freedoms of this Corporation be Pre- 
sented unto Capt. Matthew Norris and Capt. Robert 
Long, Commanders of his Majestys Ships Tartar & 
Seaford in the words following (Vizt.) 



City of ) 



New York \ ^^• 



Robert Lurting, Esqr. Mayor and the Aldermen of 
the City of New York. 

To all to whom these Presents shall Come send 
reeting. We the Mayor Aldermen and Commonalty 
of the City of New York aforesaid Assembled in 
Common Council being willing to Demonstrate the 
great Value and Esteem we have for the Person of 
Matthew Norris Esqr. Commander of his Majestys 
Ship the Tartar (the Station Ship of this Colony) and 
son of the Honourable Sir John Norris, Admiral of 
his Majestys Royal Navy of Great Brittain ; and who 
being lately a worthy Member of the Honourable 
House of Commons of Great Brittain, did in that 
House Strenuously Oppose and give his Vote against 
the Bill passed in favour of the Sugar Colonies ; and 
being truly sensible of the Loyalty, Courage, Conduct 
and Abilities of the said Mathew Norris and of his 
sincere and hearty Affection towards this Colony and 
City, and to the Interest thereof, and also of his near 
Alliance to us by the Marriage with our Country Wo- 
man the worthy Daughter of the Honourable Lewis 
Morris Esqr. a Native of this City, and being desirous 



494 APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, 1 734. 

of Receiving so worthy a Member into this Corpo- 
ration and that he should be Presented with the Free- 
doms thereof. These are therefore to Certifie and 
declare that the said Matthew Norris Esqr. is hereby 
Admitted Received and Allowed A Freeman and Cit- 
izen of the said City. To Have Hold Enjoy and Par- 
take of all the Benefitts, Liberties, Priviledges, Fran- 
chises Freedoms and Immunities whatsoever Granted 
or belonging to the same City. In Testimony where- 
of the said Mayor hath hereunto subscribed his Name 
and Caused the Seal of the said City to be Affixed 
the fourth day of November in the Eight Year of 
the Reign of our Sovereign Lord George the Second 
by the Grace of God King of Great Brittain France 
and Ireland Defender of the Faith &c : and in the 
Year of our Lord One thousand seven hundred and 
thirty four. 

ROBT. LURTING. 

Per Order of Common Council 

Will. Sharpas, Clk. 

City of ) 
New York j ^^• 

Robert Lurting Esqr. Mayor and the Aldermen o 
the City of New York. 

To all to whom these Presents shall Come send 
Greeting. We the Mayor Aldermen and Commonality 
of the City of New York aforesaid Assembled in Com- 
mon Council being willing to Demonstrate the great 
Value and Esteem we Have for the Person of Robert 
Long Esqr. Commander of his Majestys Ship the Sea- 
ford (the Station Ship of this Colony) and being truly 
sensible of the Loyalty, Courage, Conduct and Abilities 
of the said Robert Long, and of his sincere and hearty 
Affection towards this Colony and City, and to the 
Interest thereof, and being desirous of Receiving so 
worthy a Member into this Corporation and that he 
should be Presented with the Freedom thereof. These 
are therefore to Certifie and declare that the said 



APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, 1 735* 495 

Robert Long Esqr. is hereby Admitted Received and 
Allowed A Freeman and Citizen of the said City. To 
Have, Hold, Enjoy & Partake of all the Benefits, 
Liberties, Priviledges Franchises, Freedoms and Im- 
munities whatsoever Granted or belonging to the same 
City. In Testimony whereof the said Mayor hath 
hereunto Subscribed his Name and Caused the Seal 
of the said City to be Affixed the fourth day of Novem- 
ber in the Eight Year of the Reign of our Sovereign . 
Lord George the Second, by the Grace of God King 
of Great Brittain France and Ireland. Defender of 
the Faith &c ; and in the Year of our Lord One thou- 
sand seven hundred and thirty four. 

ROBT. LURTING. 

Per Order of the Common Council 

Will. Sharpas, Clk. 

City Records, 

No. 62. 

Gov. William Cosby appointed, Sept. 29th. 1735, 
Capt. William Cosby to be High Sheriff of the City 
and County of New York 



No. 63. 



At a Common Council held September i6th. i735- 

Ordered that Andrew Hamilton Esqr. of Philadel- 
phia, Barrister at Law, be presented with the Freedom 
of this Corporation. And that Alderman Bayard, Al- 
derman Johnson and Alderman Fell be a Committee 
to bring in a Draught thereof. 

At a Common Council held September 29th. 1735. 

Stephen Bayard, Simon Johnson and Christopher Fell 
Esqrs. Aldermen to whom it was Referred to prepare 



>}''' 



496 APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, 1 735- 

the Draught of the Freedom of this Corporation to be 
presented to Andrew Hamilton Esqr. make their Report 
thereon in the words following (to witt) that they 
have prepared the form of the Grant to the said Andrew 
Hamilton Esqr. of the Freedom of the City of New 
York in these words (to witt) 

City of 
New York 

Paul Richard Esqr. Mayor, the Recorder, Aldermen 
and Assistants of the City of New York, Convened 
in Common Council. 

To all to whom these Presents shall Come send 
Greeting. Whereas Honour is the Just Reward of 
Vertue and Publick Benefitts demand A Publick Ac- 
knowledgement. We therefore under a Gratefull sense 
of the Remarkable service done to the Inhabitants of 
this City and Colony by Andrew Hamilton Esqr. of 
Pensilvania, Barrister at Law, by his learned and gen- 
erous defence of the Rights of Mankind and the Liberty 
of the Press in the Case of John Peter Zenger lately 
tryed on an Information Exhibited in the Supream 
Court of this Colony. Do by these presents bear to 
the said Andrew Hamilton Esqr. the Publick thanks 
of the Freemen of this Corporation for that signal 
service which he Chearfully undertook under great 
Indisposition of body and Generously performed Re- 
fusing any fee or Reward. And in Testimony of our 
Great Esteem for his Person and sense of his Merit 
do hereby present him with the Freedom of this Cor- 
poration. These are therefore to Certifie and declare 
that the said Andrew Hamilton Esqr. is hereby Admit- 
ted Received and Allowed A Freeman and Citizen of 
the said City. To Have Hold Enjoy and Partake of 
all the Benefits Liberties Priviledges Freedoms and 
Immunities whatsoever Granted or belonging to A 
Freeman and Citizen of the same City. In Testimony 
whereof the Common Council of the said City in Com- 
mon Council Assembled have Caused the Seal of the 



k 



APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, 1735. 497 

said City to be hereunto aflfixed this Twenty Ninth 
day of September Annoq. Domini One thousand seven 
hundred and thirty five 

By Order of the Common Council 

Will. Sharpas, Clerk 

And we do further Report that sundry of the Mem- 
bers of this Corporation and Gentlemen of this City 
have voluntarily Contributed sufficient for a Gold Box 
of five Ounces and a half Inclosing the Seal of the said 
Freedom, upon the Lid of which we are of Opinion 
should be Engraved the Arms of the City of New 
York. 

Witness our hands this twenty Ninth day of Septem- 
ber 1735 

Stephen Bayard, 
S. Johnson, 
Christopher Fell. 

Which Report is Approved by this Court and 
Ordered that the Freedom and Box be forthwith made 
Pursuant to the said Report and that Mr. Sharpas the 
Common Clerk of this City do affix the Seal to the 
same Freedom and inclose it in the said Box 

Mr. Alderman Bayard going to Philadelphia and 
Offering to be the Bearer of the said Freedom to Mr. 
Hamilton. Ordered that Mr. Sharpas deliver it to 
Alderman Bayard for that purpose and that Alderman 
Bayard do deliver it to Mr. Hamilton, with assurances 
of the Great Esteem that this Corporation have for 
his Person and Merits. 

At a Common Council held October i5th. 1735. 

Ordered that the Freedom Granted by this Corpo- 
ration to Andrew Hamilton Esq. with the Report of 
the Committee for preparing A draught of the same 
and the Order of this Court thereon may be Printed. 

City Records, 
32 



498 APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, 1 735. 

Round on the Lid of the Box, mentioned in the afore- 
said Report and Order, there is engraved not only the 
Arms of the City of New York, but also this Motto in 
a Garter : 

Demersce Leges- Titnefacta Liber tas-Hcec Tandem Enter- 

gunt 

On the inner side of the Lid of the Box, shewing 
itself at the same Time with the Certificate of the 
Freedom ; There is engraven in a flying Garter, these 
Words 

Non Nutnmts, — Virtute Paratur. 

As an Incentive to publick Virtue, on the Front of 
the Rim of the said Box, there is Engraven a Part of 
TuUy's Wish ; 

Ita Cuique Eveniat, Ut De Republica Meruit. 

Which Freedom and Box was presented in the 
Manner that had been directed, and gratefully accepted 
by the said Andrew Hamilton, 

The following Lines, give the true Sense of the three 

Latin Motto's. 

The Laws suppressed and Freedom gasping lay. 
But shot at length a more refulgent Ray. 

Unmoved by filthy Lucre's golden store, 
Instant he flew, at Virtue s awful Lore. 

Thus may each patriot gain the high Applause, 
Earn'd by each Patriot in his Country's Cause. 

Narrative of Ztngers Trial printed, by John Holt, New York 1770 : page aI^, 

The original certificate of Freedom, written in large 
German text upon vellum, as well as the gold box which 
accompanied it, is in the possession of Septimus H. 
Palairet. Esq., of *' The Grange," near Bradford, Eng- 
land, who married a great-great-grand-daughter of Mr. 



APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, 1 735. 499 

Hamilton. The gold snuff-box is of oval form, three 
inches in length by two in breadth, and is three-fourths 
of an inch deep. Upon the box are the arms of the 
city. The box is very heavy, and of very yellow pure 
gold. 

Collections of the Historical Society of Pennsylvania Nov. 1 851. 



No. 64. 

At a Common Council held October 14th. 1736. 

The Officers of the Corporation elected Sept. 29th. 
were this day duly sworn in. From the Harlem Divi- 
sion Israel Shadwick and Peter Waldron were elected 
Constables. 

*' Israel Shadwick, Victualler, and Peter Waldron, 
Yeoman Sworn Freemen and Ordered to be Regis- 
tred/' 

City Records. 

No. 65. 

At a Common Council held November 4th. 1735. 

Be it Ordained by the Mayor, Recorder Aldermen 
and Assistants of the City of New York, convened in 
Common Council and it is hereby Ordained by the 
Authority of the same, That the Common Seal of this 
Corporation, commonly Called the City Seal (now in 
the Custody and Keeping of the Common Clerk of this 
Corporation), shall not be put, and affixed to any Writ- 
ing or Instrument whatsoever, Except unto such Grants, 
Leases, Freedoms Warrants, Lycences, or other Instru- 
ments, as shall Concern this Corporation in Point of 
Interest, or Otherwise, and that by Order of the Com- 
mon Council of the said City, in Common Council con- 
vened or unto Freedoms^ by Order of the Mayors Court 
of the said City ; any Usage heretofore to the Contrary 
Notwithstanding. 

City Records 



500 APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, I736-4O. 

No. 66. 

At a Common Council held October 6th. 1737. 

It is the Opinion of the Majority of this Court that 
Peter Plowman and Garret Hollar Morss Feltmakers, 
are Freemen of this Corporation, as appears to this 
Court by the Oaths of the said Peter Plowman and 
Garret Hollar Morss and Other Circumstances and 
Ordered that they be Registered as Freemen. 

City Records, 

No. 67. 

At a Common Council held January 17th. 1736—7. 

Ordered this Court do present the Freedom of this 
City to Daniel Horsmanden Esqr. Barrister at Law, one 
of his Majestys Council for this Province and Recorder 
of this Corporation as a Mark of their great Esteem for 
him and for his good services done for this Corporation 
and that the Clerk of this Court Affix the Seal of this 
Corporation thereunto accordingly. 

At a Common Council held October 14th. 1740. 

Ordered That the Seal of this Corporation be Affixed 
to the Freedom of Daniel Horsmanden, Esqr, Recorder 
of this City, Pursuant to a former Order of this Court 
of the 17th: of JanVy 1736. 

City Records, 

No. 67>^. 

Certificate of a Freeman (written form) from the orig- 
inal in possession of Mrs. Elizabeth Ustick. 

City of 
New York, ^ ^^• 
[L. S.] 

Paul Richard Esqr. Mayor and the Aldermen of 
the City of New York. To all to whom these pres- 



APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, 1 743- 5OI 

ents shall Come Send Greeting. Whereas. Thomas 
Eustick, Minor, hath made application to be made a 
Freeman and Citizen of the said City ; These are there- 
fore to Certifie and Declare that the said Thomas Eus- 
tick is hereby Admitted, Received and allowed a Free- 
man and Citizen of the same City. To have, hold, use, 
partake and Enjoy all the Benefits, Liberties, Priviled- 
gesy Franchises, Freedoms and Immunities whatsoever 
Granted or belonging to the same ity. In Testimony 
whereof the said Mayor hath hereunto Subscribed his 
Name and caused the Seal of the said City to be affixed 
the Thirtieth Day of May in the Eleventh Year of the 
Reign of our Sovereign Lord George the Second, by 
the Grace of God, King of Great Britain, France and 
Ireland. Defender of the Faith &c. Annoque Domini 
One Thousand Seven hundred and Thirty Eight. 

Paul Richard. 
Will. Sharpas, Clk. 



No. 68. 

At a Common Council held September 28th. 1743. 

This Board having ordered the Draft of an Address 
to his Excellency the Governour to be prepared, a Draft 
was Accordingly produced and Read in the Words fol- 
lowing vizt. 

To his Excellency George Clinton Esqr. Captain 
Generall and Governour in Chief of the Province 
of New York and the Territories thereon Depend- 
ing in America and Vice Admirall of the same &c: 

The Humble Address of the Mayor, Aldermen and 
Commonalty of this his Majesties Most Ancient City 
and Corporation of New York in the Colony of New 
York in America. 

May it Please your Excellency. 

We his Majesties most Dutifull and Loyall Subjects 
the Mayor Aldermen and Commonalty of the City of 



502 APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, 1743- 

New York Attend your Excellency to Congratulate 
you, on your, your Ladle's and your family's Safe and 
happy Arrival in this Your Government Where we 
hope your Excellency will Enjoy Ease Tranquility and 
high Satisfaction. 

We Do with hearts full of Gratitude and Sincerity 
Acknowledge your Excellency's favourable Sentiments 
of the Loyalty of this his Majesties Colony, and your 
Good purposes and Intentions to Study and Promote 
the Interest and happiness thereof so elegantly and 
fully Expressed in your Excellency's Speech to the Late 
Assembly on Tuesday Last. 

As this Corporation is a Considerable part of your 
Excellency's Government We Beg leave in the Name 
of this City to Assure your Excellency of our Loyallity, 
fidelity and Obedience to his most Excellent Majesty 
King George the Second our Most Gracious Sovereign, 
And that We Will Always Zealously, and Affection- 
ately Use our Utmost Endeavours to Render your Excel- 
lency's Administration Happy and Prosperous over us. 

Sir we humbly Recommend our Antient Rights and 
Priviledges to your Excellency's Patronage and Protec- 
tion and beg your Excellency will be favourably pleased 
to do us the honour to become a Member of our Corpo- 
ration, and participate of our Rights and Priviledges. 
» We are may it Please your Excellency 

Your Excellency's most Obedient and 
Most Humble Servants. 

Which was Agreed to, and Ordered to be Engrossed. 

The Draft of a Freedom to be presented to his Excel- 
lency was also read and Agreed to by this board in the 
Words following Vizt. 

City of I 
New York j ^^• 

John Cruger Esqr. Mayor and the Aldermen of the 
City of New York. 

To all to whom these presents shall Come send 



APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, 1743- 5^3 

Greeting. Know ye That We the Mayor, Aldermen 
and Commonalty of the City of New York aforesaid 
Assembled in Common Council being Willing to 
Demonstrate the Great Value and Esteem we have 
for the Person of his Excellency George Clinton 
Esqr. Captain Generall and Governour in Chief of 
this his Majesties Province of New York and Terri- 
tories thereon Depending in America and Vice Ad- 
mirall of the Same, &c: And being truly Sensible of the 
Great honour it will be to this Corporation to have so 
Worthy a person a Member thereof : Ordered that he 
be presented with the Freedom of this Corporation, with 
the Seal thereto Enclosed in a Gold Box. 

These are therefore to Certifie and Declare that his 
said Excellency George Clinton Esqr. is hereby Ad- 
mitted, Received and Allowed, a Freeman and Citizen 
of the said City. To Have, Hold, Enjoy, and partake 
of all the Benefitts, Liberties, Priviledges, Franchises, 
Freedoms and Immunities whatsoever Granted or be- 
longing to the same City. 

In Testimony whereof the said Mayor, and Aldermen 
have caused the Seal of the said City to be hereunto 
Affixed the [twenty ninth] day of [September] In the 
Seventeenth Year of the Reign of our Sovereign Lord 
George the Second by the Grace of God of Great Brit- 
tain, France and Ireland King Defender of the Faith 
&c: And in the Year of our Lord One Thousand 
Seven hundred and forty three. 

And Ordered the same be handsomely Engrossed on 
parchment. And the Seal of this Corporation Affixed 
thereto to be Enclosed in a Gold Box of about Twenty 
pounds Value, and that Mr. Charles Le Roux be desired 
to prepare such a Box accordingly. 

At a Common Council held September 29th. 1743. 

The Engrossed Address to his Excellency the Gov- 
ernour was Read, agreed to and signed by all the Mem- 
bers present. And Ordered that Aldermen Stuyvesant 



504 APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, 1 743-63. 

and Alderman Johnson wait on his Excellency theGov- 
ernour to know when he will be Attended by this Board 
with their Address. [Members present and signing 
John Cruger Mayor, Aldertnen Gerrardus Stuyvesant, 
William Roome, Simon Johnson John Moore, Christo- 
pher Bancker, John Pintard, John Marshall. Assistant 
Aldermen. Henry Bogert, Samuel Lawrence, Isaac 
Stoutenburgh, George Brinckerhoff, Robert Benson.] 

Memorandum : On the Thirtieth day of September 
1743, the Mayor, Aldermen and Assistants Waited on 
his Excellency Governour Clinton with their Address, 
to which his Excellency was pleased to Make the fol- 
lowing Answer (Vizt.) 

Gentlemen, 

I Return you my hearty thanks for your Compliment 
in Making Me free of your City, the Loyallty you Ex- 
press in your Address for his Majesty my Royall Master, 
as well as the Satisfaction you Enjoy at my Safe arivall 
with my family to my Government, Will Engage me 
Constandy to Study the Welfare of your City, and to 
Maintain the Priviledges thereof. And I hope my Ad- 
ministration will Make you happy and Prosperous. 

G. Clinton. 

30 Sept'br. 1743. 

City Records. 



No. 69. 



At a Common Council held, at the house of Walter 

Brock, December 22d. 1763. 

Whereas it hath Been represented To this Board that 
John Carpenter [Carpender] of the said City, Butcher, 
hath Openly and Contemptuously declared that he 
would Sell his Beef for Four pence half penny per pound 
in spite of all that the wise heads, that made the Law 
Could do. or words to that Effect. It is therefore 

Ordered that upon Service of a Copy hereof on the 



APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, 1747- 505 

said John Carpenter, he appear before this Board at 
the house of Walter Brock, Innkeeper, near the City 
Hall To-morrow morning at Eleven o'Clock To hear 
the said Charge proved Against him and shew Cause 
why he should not be Disfranchised. 

At a Common Council held December 23d. 1763. 

John Carpenter of Kings County, Butcher, who 
Claims the Freedom of this City attends this Board pur- 
suant to the order of Common Council yesterday, and 
William Bayard, Esqr. also Attended at the same time 
and proved on oath the Charge alledged in the said 
order of yesterday against the said John Carpenter, 
whereupon this Board for the said Contempt do order 
that the said John Carpenter be disfranchised and the 
said John Carpenter is disfranchised Accordingly ; and 
do further order that the said disfranchisement be made 
out under the Seal of the said Corporation to be Signed 
by the Mayor and Countersigned by the Clerk of this 
Board and served on the said John Carpenter. 

City Records, 

No. 70. 

At a Common Council held January i5th. 1747. 

Ordered the Mayor issue his Warrant to the Treas- 
urer to pay to Francis Davison or order the sum of 
Seven pounds Current Money of this Colony for his 
Good Services in the Extinguishing the fire at the City 
Hall on the 14th. Instant. And Ordered that the said 
Francis Davison (as a further Acknowledgement of his 
Good Services) be presented with the Freedom of this 
Corporation. 

Ordered the Mayor issue his Warrant to pay Dun- 
can Brown and John Evitts [Ebbets] the sum of Eight 
pounds (that is to say four pounds each) for their Good 
Services in the Extinguishing the fire at the City Hall 



5o6 APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, 1746-7. 

on the 14th. Instant. And Ordered that the said Dun- 
can Brown and John Evetts (as a further Acknowledge- 
ment of their Good Service) be presented with the 
Freedom of this Corporation. 

City /Records, 

On Wednesday last in the Fore-noon a fire broke out 
in the Roof of the City Hall, at some distance from the 
Chimney, but by the immediate Attendance of the Mag- 
istrates, and the Assistance of the Inhabitants (who 
have always been remarkable for their Readiness and 
Dexterity on such Occasions) it was soon extinguished. 

Three Persons were observed to be extraordinarily 
active and useful ; one was Francis Davison, a Carpen- 
ter, (being the same Person that was so Instrumental in 
extinguishing the Fire formerly in the Cupola of the 
new Dutch Church) who got out upon the Roof, with an 
Axe, and cut the Roof open where the Fire was, the 
Engines at the same time playing the Water upon him, 
and the Weather being intensely cold, by the time the 
Fire was out he was cloathed with Ice. The other two 
Persons Duncan Brown Mate, and John Ebbets Marri- 
ner, belonging to a Vessel in the Harbour. The next 
day the Corporation met, and sent for said Francis Da- 
visofty Duncan Brown and John Ebbets, when the 
Mayor returned them the Thanks of the Corporation 
for their good Services and ordered seven Pounds to be 
paid to the said Francis Davison, and four Pounds each 
to the said Duncan Brown and John EbbetSy by their 
Treasurer ; and also ordered each of them to be pre- 
sented with the Freedom of the Corporation, as an En- 
couragement to others to behave with the same Spirit 
and diligence on such Occasions. It is not certainly 
known how the Fire began, but as it first took under 
the Shingles in a Room where two Criminals were Con- 
fined, and at a considerable Distance from the Chim- 
ney, it is generally believed the Fire was put there by 
those Criminals. 

Thi N'. Y. Gazette, Revived in the Weekly Post-Boy Jan, i^th, 1746-7. 



APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, 1747- Soj 

No. 71. 

To His Excellency The Honourable George Clinton 
Governour in Chief etc. 

The Humble Petition of Several of his Majesty's 
Loyal Subjects and Freemen of this flourishing City of 
New York under the Care and auspicious Govern- 
ment of Your Excellency 

Most humbly Sheweth unto Your Excellency 
That not only for and during these tumultuous and 
dangerous times, when his Majesty's Dominions at 
home and abroad are attempted and endangered by 
Subtil and unnatural ingratefull Enemys, We Ats and 
Your most constant and zealous Subjects are invaded 
and attacked by illegal and circumventing malprac- 
tices, against the peace and Interests and priviledges of 
this City and its Denizens, by Sundry and numerous 
persons, not Freemen of this City^ but Inhabitants of 
the Neighbouring provinces, and more especially of the 
Jerseys, who in Several numerous Companys Several 
times heretofore have and still do make a practice of 
coming into this City after the laying of our taxes 
yearly there to exercise their Several handicraft trades 
such as Carpenters, Bricklayers ^c,yin^^xm\v\x\^ Us the 
anciefit Freemen of the aforesaid City, by offering the 
Services of themselves, Journeymen and Servants, at 
Sundry places, and as many Sundry times at the Rate 
of 20 or 30 Pounds per Job or distinct article of Work- 
manship less than has been agreed for by uSy and so pro- 
portionably to every A greement or Undertaking, we Shall 
or can make They the said Invaders to Our Libertys 
and propertys and indeed Our Livelihood Our All, 
sometime before the collecting such Taxes yearly as 
aforesaid carrying away Such Moneys so Surreptitiously 
got here, with them into the Jerseys to pay for their 
Lands, and Livings there and to Support their own 
Government, not so much as buying a pair of Shoes in 
the City of New York but frequently hrm^vd'g Nails and 
other Materials for Building &c. along with them from 



508 APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, 1747. 

the Jerseys and other provinces. Now may it please 
Your Excellency (who are well known and beloved for 
Your most remarkable and tender Regard, towards per- 
sons in Distress even Strange7's to You) That You would 
out of Your Paternal Care and Benevolence to Us Your 
Excellency's oppressed petitioners and people, exert 
Your Authority and goodly Offices towards Suck and 
Such under You, in the said Government, and City, As 
in your most prudent Judgment, You shall think proper 
for the Remedy and prevention of this not growing but 
long practiced Evil and Grievance. That Your Excel- 
lency's aforesaid most humble Petitioners may be the 
better enabled to Love Our Said gracious Sovereign, 
and his most honorable Governor and his Country as 
we heretofore and hitherto chearfully have done. And 
also gain Relief for Our Selves and Familys which other- 
wise must inevitably Suffer or be compelled to leave this 
Our Country and these Our Settlements, But hope 
better things, and dont in the least distrust the Goodness 
and tender Regards of Your Excellency and for whose 
Welfare 

Your Excellency's 

Most humble Petitioners as in Duty bound 
Shall forever pray 

John Lake, Pieter Gauder, 

James Davied, Vinsenct Tillyou, 

ohannes Roome, Piedre Blute, 

ames Garrard, Bartom. Wm. Carr, 

Peter Geraud, Richd. Petit, 

John Exeen, Thos. Petit, 

Aaron Bussing, John Montany, 

Thos. Brookman. Hugh Bradish, 

Wm. Carr, John Johnson, 

And. Gautier, Alexr. Campbell, 

Garret Cozine, Phill. Cockran, 



Thos. Grigg, 
John Couenhoven, 



ohn Appell, 
ohn Carr, 



John Van Sise, James Warner, 



APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, 1 747- 



5o9 



Richd. Cook, 
James Simms, 
Abraham Wheeler, 
John Delanoy, 
Thos. Dod, 
James Delanoy, 
Henry Van Maple, 
James Glenn, 
Davis Hunt, 
Joseph Williamson, 
Duncan Dufie, 
John Campbell, 
Wm. Roome, 
Peter Roome, 
Jacob Brower, 
Abraham Brower, 
Daniel Giraud, 
James Bowman, 
Pierre Ozy, 
Hendk. Bougart, 
Gerrit Johnson, 
John King, 
Andw. Thompson, 
Alex. Balfo, 
_ ames Hallet, 
Nichs. Lazair, 
Abraham Bussing, 
Johannes Seez, 
Ary King, 
Wm. Hyer, 
Anthony De Mild, 
Wm. Lee, 
Oliver Roosevelt, 
Staats Degodt, 
Wm. Boudt, 
Philip Branson, 



Francis Dudley, 
Cornelis Vanderberg, 
John King, 
Abm. Montany, 
Jolmack Caye, 
Peter Mergesen, 
Mathew Hughes, 
Cornelis Vanwey, 
Robt. Carr, 
Wm. Spoor, 
Phill. Aker, 
David Wilson, 
David Slaupenitt, 
Jacob Hallet, 
Henry Van Maple, 
Jos. Dean, 
Isaac Bogart, 
Waert Banta, 
Peter Bout, 

ohn Lee, 

ohn McDougell, 
Abraham McDugell, 
Samuel Job, 
Alex. Campbell, 
James Glenn, 
Jacob Lozair, 
John Cochran, 
John Tellou, 
Elijah McPerson, 
Adam Phafer, 
Robert Milliner, 
Wm. Smith, 
Charles Smith, 
Robt. Milinour, 
Gorman 



The copyist of the above list of signers has noted on 
the margin that Henry Van Maple and James Glenn had 



5lO APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, 1 747. 

" signed twice," and after the names of Jolmack Caye. 
Waert Banta, Elijah McPerson the word ** feigned ''; 
Johannes Seez *' no such man "; Duncan Dufie *' higland- 
er " ; Abraham Brower and John Campbell " labour- 
ers" ; and Jacob Hallet, **cordwainer." 

Endorsed Copy Petition presented to The Govr. and 
read in Council 2d. April 1747. Referred to a 
Committee. Report upon it verbaly loth. April 
1747. Advised the Govr to give for Answer to 
the petitioners That they should pursue the ordi- 
nary and regular method prescribed by the Laws 
of the City. 

May it please Your Excellency, 

In pursuance of Your Excellency's Orders in Council 
of the 2d. day of April Instant we have proceeded to 
consider of the Petition of the persons Stileing them- 
selves Freemen of the City of New York thereby re- 
ferred to us. And the Council beg leave to report their 
Opinion thereon as followeth touching Bricklayers and 
Carpenters. 

Firsts As to the Grievance complained of whenever 
any there be The City Charter has prescribed a Remedy 
which is when any Stranger comes into this City and 
exercises any Trade or Occupation upon application and 
complaint to the Mayor he is to order such person to 
appear at the next Mayor's Court and to take up his 
Freedom or in Default he is Subject to the penalty of 
5^. and so if he continue to exercise such Occupation 
5^. for every such Default after Notice. 

Sccopidly^ The Council observe there are about Ninety 
nine Names to this Petition. That the Bulk of the per- 
sons who may be supposed to have subscribed their 
Names are obscure people altogether unknown to us in 
person and name excepting very few of them. If they 
are Freemen and there be at this time any real cause 
for such complaint, they must be very ignorant and for- 
getful of the Obligations of the Oath of a Freeman of 



APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, 1 748. 5ll 

this City which is ** The Franchise and Customs thereof 
to maintain and the City to keep harmless in that which 
in there is " and therefore the Council are of Opinion 
it becomes the Duty of every Freeman when the privi- 
ledges of the Citizens are invaded (to use the words of 
the petition) and who is apprized thereof to warn the 
Mayor that the Remedy given by Charter may be 
applyed. 

This we humbly conceive to be the regular and ordi- 
nary Answer. 

Endorsed. April 1747, Report upon Petition of Brick- 
layers & Carpenters to the Governor. 

Reported Memorial. The Council advise to the Govr. 
to give for Answer. Let the petition pursue the 
Ordinary & regular methods prescribed by the 
Laws of the City. 

Horsmanden Papers, N, Y. Historical Society. 



No. 72. 

At a Common Council held June 28th. 1748. 

The Deputy Clerk produced to this Board a Draft of 
the Freedom of this Corporation to be presented to 
Captain John Burgiss, which was read and is in the 
words following (to witt.) 



^^^y^f iss 

New York j ^^- ' 



Edward Holland Esqr. Mayor, and the Aldermen 
and Commonalty of the City of New York. To All 
to whom these Presents shall Come send Greeting. 
Whereas Captain John Burgiss, Commander of the pri- 
vateer snow or Vessel of War called the Royal Catharine, 
did on the fourth Day of this Instant month of June on 
his return in the said snow from a successful Cruize 
meet on this Coast (about Six Leagues from Sandy 
Hook) a French privateer Brigantine called Le Mars of 



512 APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, 1 748. 

considerable force and having on board near three times 
the Number of his Men which Brigantine gave Chase 
to and engaged the said John Burgiss and in that En- 
gagement attempted several times to Board and take 
him, which he the said John Burgiss by his prudence 
Conduct and Valour not only prevented but also did 
Vanquish Overcome take and bring the said French pri- 
vateer into this Port and Harbour of New York, which 
action as it was brave and noble in itself so it is also in 
the Publick Benefitts and Advantages which flow from it 
to witt, the safety and freedom of our Own Trade and 
Commerce as also of the neighbouring Provinces and 
Merits the applause of all persons and particularly of 
the Inhabitants of this City. 

We therefore the Mayor, Aldermen and Commonalty 
of the City of New York Convened in Common Coun- 
cil from the just sense we have as well of the Conduct 
and Bravery of the said Captain John Burgiss in this 
Particular as of the benefitts arising thereby to this City 
Do Unanimously present unto him the Freedom of the 
Corporation of this City of New York. These are there- 
fore to Certifie and declare that the said Capt. John 
Burgiss is hereby Admitted, Received and Allowed a 
Freeman and Citizen of the said City of New York. 
To Have, Hold, Enjoy and Partake of all and Singular 
the Advantages, Benefitts, Liberties, Priviledges, Fran- 
chises, PVeedom and Immunities Whatsoever Granted 
or belonging to the same City. 

In Testimony Whereof the said Mayor, Aldermen 
and Commonalty have Caused the Seal of the said City 
to be Affixed the 28th day of June in the Twenty . 
second year of his Majesties Reign Anno Dom 1748. 

City Records, 

No. Ti. 

At a Common Council held August nth. 1748. 

Ordered that the Freedom of this Corporation be 
presented to his Excellency the Honourable William 



APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, 1 748. 513 

Shirley Esqr. Commander in Chief of his Majesties 
Province of the Massachusetts Bay in New England 
and that this Board be a Committee to Draw the Draft 
of said Freedom. 

At a Common Council held August 12th. 1748. 

Messrs. [Simon] Johnson and [Brandt] Schuyler, two 
of the Committee for preparing the Draft of the Free- 
dom of this Corporation to his Excellency Governour 
Shirley did produce a Draft to this board which was 
read in the words following (to witt) 



City of . 
New York ^ ^^- 



} 



Edward Holland Esqr. Mayor, and the Aldermen 
and Commonalty of the said City in Common Council 
Convened. To all to whom these Presents shall Come 
Greeting. Know Yee that we being willing to Demon- 
strate the great regard and Esteem we have for the per- , 
son of his Excellency William Shirley Esqr. Captain 
General and Commander in Chief of the Colony of Mas- 
sachusetts Bay in New England and Vice Admiral of 
the same and being truly sensible of his great Conduct, 
Courage, Loyalty and Abilities Signalized not only in 
the part he Lately acted in forming the plan for the re- 
duction of Louisburofh to the Crown of Great Britain 



which has greatly Conduced to the securing the Trade 
of this City but also in a Late hazardous and painfull 
Journey by him made through a Country (frequented by 
Barbarians who have made frequent Incursions that way 
and behaved as most merciless and Cruel Enemies) to 
meet the Six Nations of Indians at Albany and in Con- 
junction with his Excellency the Honourable George 
Clinton Governour of this Colony to secure their friend- 
ship alliance and firm attachment to the Crown of Great 
Brittain and since Safely arrived in this City. And 
being Desirous of Receiving so Worthy a Member into 
33 



514 APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, I 7 49-5 O. 

this Corporation and that he should be presented with 
the Freedom thereof, of which we pray his favourable 
Acceptance, these are therefore to Certify and Declare 
that his said Excellency William Shirley Esqr. is here- 
by admitted, received and allowed a Freeman of the said 
City of New York. To Have Hold use Enjoy and par- 
take of all the Benefits, Liberties, Priviledges, Fran- 
chises, Freedoms and Immunities Granted or belonging 
to the same. In Testimony whereof the said Mayor 
hath hereunto subscribed his name and Caused the Seal 
o'f the said City to be affixed the Twelfth Day of August 
in the Twenty Second year of the reign of our Sover- 
eign Lord George the Second by the Grace of God of 
Great Brittain France and Ireland King Defender of the 
Faith &c: and in the year of our Lord One Thousand 
Seven Hundred and forty Eight. 

Ordered the same be Engrossed and that the Deputy 
Clerk affix the Seal of this Corporation thereto. 

City Records. 



No. 74. 



At a Common Council held February 4th. 1749-50. 

• 

The following Laws Orders Ordinances of this Corpo- 
ration to remain in full force for one year. 

No. 10 A Law Relating to the making of Freemen 
(Excepting that part which is hereinafter ordered 
Repealed. ) 

Ordered that that part of the Law Entitled A Law 
Relating to making Freemen of this City wherein a fee 
•of Six Shillings is allowed to the Recorder for the mak- 
ing a Freeman be Repealed and the same is hereby 
Repealed Accordingly. 

City Records 



APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, I75O-5I. 515 

No. 75. 

At a Common Council held September 21st. i/So. 

William Dobs Cooper admitted a Freeman of this 
Corporation and Appointed one of the Corn measurers 
of this City and took the Oath. 

City Records. 

No. 76. 

At a Common Council held March 7th. 1751. 

Ordered that Every Merchant not born in this City 
who shall hereafter apply for the Freedom thereof shall 
pay the Sum of Five Pounds Current Money of this 
Colony for the same. 

City Records. 

No. TT. 

At a Common Council held March 2 2d. i75i. 

Augustus Van Cortlandt of the City of New York 
Gent, was Sworn a Freeman, of this Corporation and 
ordered to be Registred, and then the said Augustus 
Van Cortlandt did produce to this Board a Deputation 
from John Chambers Esqr. Common Clerk of this City 
reciting that he had heretofore appointed Mr. Abraham 
Lodge one of his Deputys for Executing the Office and 
place of Common Clerk of the City of New York, who 
being often Indisposed and not able to give Constant 
attendance upon the Duties thereof, he had therefore for 
the better and more Certain performance of the several 
Duties of the said Office also appointed the said Augus- 
tus Van Cortlandt an Inhabitant and Freeholder of and 
in the said City to be one of his Deputys together with 
him the said Abraham Lodge or in his absence to Doe 
and Execute all things appertaining to the office of 
Common Clerk of the said City which was allowed and 



5l6 APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, 1 752-53. 

approved of by this Board and the said Augustus Van 
Cortlandt thereupon took the Oath for the Due Execu- 
tion of the said Office. 

City Records. 

No. 78. 

At a Common Council held January 17th. 1752. 

Mr. Lambert Moore Sworn a Freeman of this Corpo- 
ration and then the said Mr. Lambert Moore produced 
to this Board a Deputation from the Honourable John 
Chambers Esqr. appointing him one of his Deputy 
Clerks of the Peace and of the said City an<^ County 
Which was read and allowed and thereupon the said 
Lambert Moore took the Oath for the Due Execution 
of his said Office. 

* City Records, 

No. f79. 

At a Common Council held June loth. 1752. 

Hugh Hughes, Currier, admitted a Freeman of this 
Corporation and appointed one of the Corn Measurers 
of this City and Ordered that when Mr. Mayor deliver 
him his Lycence he take the usual oath for the Due 
Execution of that Office. 

City Records, 

No. 80. 

At a Common Council held October 9th. 1 753. 

Ordered that this Board or the Major part of them be 
Committee to prepare the Draft of an Address to his 
Excellency Sir Danvers Osborn, Baronet on his safe 
Arrival to his Government. 

Resolved that this Corporation Do Present his Excel- 
lency Sir Danvers Osborn, Baronet with the Freedom 



APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, 1753- 517 

thereof and the Seal of this Corporation affixed thereto, 
to be Enclosed in a Gold Box of about Twenty Pounds 
value and that Mr. Nicholas Roosevelt prepare such a 
Box accordingly. 

Ordered that Alderman Courtlandt, Alderman De 
Peyster, Alderman Benson, Alderman Provoost and 
Mr. Abraham De Peyster be a Committee to Invite the 
Council such of the members of the Assembly as shall 
be in Town, the Capt. of the man of war, with such Gen- 
tlemen as came over with him, the Treasurer of the 
Colony, the King's Attorney, Mr. Rutledge, Mr. Gor- 
don, Mr. Pen and Mr. Oliver De Lancey to Dine with 
his Excellency Sir Danvers Osborn, Baronet, to mor- 
row at the House of George Burns near the Long 
Bridge in this City, and that the said Committee do 
forthwith give Orders for preparing the said Dinner 
agreeable to the occasion. Also Ordered that the said 
Committee cause a Bonfire to be made in the Commons 
near the Work House and procure three Dozen of Wine 
to be sent to the said fire, that the City Hall the Alms 
House and the Ferry House be illuminated, that a half 
Barrel of Cannon Powder be provided by the said Com- 
mittee to Discharge some Cannon that lay in the Com- 
mons near the Bonfire, and that the Expence of all 
which be Paid by this Corporation 

At a Common Council held October loth. 1753. 

This Board having Ordered a Draft of an Address 
To his Excellency the Governour to be prepared, a Draft 
was accordingly produced and read in the words follow- 
ing. 

To His Excellency Sir Danvers Osborn, Baronet, Cap- 
tain General and Governour in Chief of the Province 
of New York and the Territories thereon Depend 
inof in America and Vice Admiral of the same. 

May it Please your Excellency, 

We the Mayor Aldermen and Commonalty of the City 



5l8 APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, 1753- 

of New York Beg Leave most heartily to Congratulate 
Your Excellency upon Your appointment to the Govern- 
ment of this Colony and Your Safe Arrival amongst us. 

As the Course of your Education and Your abilities 
for Publick affairs abundantly qualify You for the high 
Station to which You are advanced and the Important 
Trust reposed in You by our head Sovereign ; so must 
Your affluent fortune Naturally Dispose You to Dis- 
charge Your Office with Integrity and Resolution. 

While we Cannot on the one hand Expect the favour- 
able Smiles of his Majesty (who has ever proved him- 
self the father of his People) without the Chearful sub- 
mission to his Prerogative, which is the Indispensible 
Duty of all his Loyal Subjects ; so are we on the other 
Hand, sufficiently assured, that Your Excellency will 
ever be Ready to Vindicate our Legal Rights and Priv- 
iledges, and be as averse from Countenancing as we 
from Brooking any Infringments of our Inestimable Lib- 
erties, Civil and Religious. 

As Your Excellency's Arrival, must remove Every 
Pretence for those Animosities, which have, for some 
time Past, unfortunately subsisted Amongst us ; we 
flatter ourselves that they will be Buried in Oblivion, 
and Happily succeeded by a firm and uninterupted 
Peace and Tranquility, and that Every one in a Publick 
Station will shew himself influenced by a Publick Spirit; 
while we all agree it will scarcely be Possible to differ 
about the Means of Promoting the true Interest of the 
Community. This we hope and Believe is the sincere 
Design of the Good People of this City, and herein we 
are Confident of having the Honour of Your Excel- 
lency's hearty Concurrence. 

To which His Excellency was Pleased to Return the 
following Answer. 

Mr. Mayor ; and Gentlemen of the Corporation 

I Return You my Hearty Thanks for Your kind Con- 
gratulations, and Benevolent Sentiments upon the Pres- 



APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, 1 755- 5 19 

ent Ocasion I shall always make it my Utmost En- 
deavour to Deserve Your Esteem by always Concurring 
in such measures as May Promote in Every Branch the 
True Interest Peace and Tranquility of this City and 
Community. 

No. 8i. 

At a Common Council held Sept. 4th. iy55. 

Resolved that this Corporation Do present his Excel- 
lency Sir Charles Hardy, Knight, with the Freedom 
thereof and that the Seal of this Corporation be Affixed 
thereto to be enclosed in a Gold Box and that Mr. 
Nicholas Roosevelt prepare such a Box Accordingly. 

At a Common Council held Sept. 8th. i755. 

The Board having ordered a Draft of a Freedom to 
his Excellency the Govenour to be prepared ; a Draft 
was Accordingly produced and read in these words vizt. 

City of ) 
New York j ^^• 

Edward Holland Esqr. Mayor, and the Aldermen 
and Commonalty of the City of New York. To All to 
whom these presents shall Come Send Greeting. Know 
Yee that We the Mayor Aldermen and Commonalty 
of the City of New York aforesaid, assembled in Com- 
mon Council, being Willing to Demonstrate the Great 
Value and Esteem we have for the person of his Ex- 
cellency Sir Charles Hardy Knight, Captain General 
and Governor in Chief of this his Majesties Province 
of New York and Territories thereon Depending in 
America and Vice Admiral of the same and being Truly 
Sensible of the Great honour it will be to this Corpora- 
tion, to have so worthy a person a member thereof 
Ordered that he be presented with the Freedom of 
this Corporation with the Seal thereto Enclosed in a 



520 APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, 1 755- 

Gold Box with the City Arms Engraved on the Lid 
thereof. These are therefore to Certifie and Declare 
that his said Excellency Sir Charles Hardy Knight is 
hereby Admitted, Received and Allowed a Freeman 
and Citizen of the said City. To Have Hold, Enjoy 
and Partake of all the Benefits, Liberties, Priviledges, 
Franchises, Freedoms and Immunities Whatsoever 
Granted or belonging to the same City. In Testimony 
whereof the said Mayor Aldermen and Commonalty 
have Caused the Seal of the said City to be hereunto 
affixed the Tenth Day of September in the Twenty 
Ninth year of the Reign of our Sovereign Lord George 
the Second by the Grace of God of Great Britain, France 
and Ireland King Defender of the Faith, and so forth, 
and in the Year of our Lord One Thousand Seven 
Hundred and fifty five. 

Which was agreed to and ordered to be Engrossed. 
The draft of an Address to be preferred to his Excel- 
lency, was also read and Agreed to by this board in the 
words following 

To His Excellency Sir Charles Hardy, Knight, Cap- 
tain General and Governor in Chief, in and over 
the Province of New York, and the Territories 
depending thereon in America and Vice Admiral 
of the same. 

The Humble Address of the Mayor Aldermen and 
Commonalty of his Majesties ancient Corporation 
of the City and County of New York in Com- 
mon Council Convened. 

May it please your Excellency, 

We the Mayor Aldermen and Commonalty of the 
City and County of New York Beg Leave most heartily 
to Congratulate your Excellency on your Safe Arrival 
to this Government, over which his most Sacred Majesty 
has been Graciously pleased to place you. 

We think it our Duty to express our most hearty 



APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, 1755- 5^1 

Thanks for his paternal Care of us in appointing a per- 
son of whom we have had the most favourable Impres- 
sions, and from whose Character in Life we have the 
Greatest Reason to Expect a Continuance of that wise 
and happy Administration we have been blessed with 
Some time past. 

You may be Assured, that whatever is in our power 
will be Chearfully Contributed to make your Stay in 
this Government, Easy, Honourable, and Satisfactory 
to you, and of Course happy to our Selves. 

We humbly Recommend to your Excellency's Favour 
and Protection, the Priviledges and Rights of this City ; 
and in a particular Manner Invite you to Partake of its 
Liberties and Immunities, by Accepting of the Highest 
Complement we Can make, to wit, the Freedom of the 
Corporation. 

We beg Leave, with the Greatest Deference and Re- 
spect to Subscribe 

May it please your Excellency, 
Your Excellency's Most 
Humble, and most 
Obedient Servants. 

Whereupon its Ordered that the same be forthwith 
fairly Engrossed to be Laid before this board on Wed- 
nesday next. 

At a Common Council held Sept. loth. 17 55. 

The Engrossed address to his Excellency the Gov- 
ernour was read, agreed to, and Signed by the Majority 
of the Members present, and then the whole board 
waited on his Excellency Sir Charles Hardy, Knight, 
with said Address also with the Freedom of this Cor- 
poration and Seal thereto annexed Enclosed in a Gold 
Box and presented the same to him upon which his 
Excellency made the following Answer (vizt.) 



AUCliCUCy ITIclUC LllC lOJlOWlIlg mibWCr [^\ILI,J 

[r. Mayor and Gentlemen of the Corporation. 
I sincerely Thank you for your kind Recepti 



Ml . 

tion and 



522 APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, I757-6a 

Hearty Congratulations on my Arrival. The Dutyai 
Loyalty you Express to his Majesty Cannot but be ve 
agreeable to me and I hope I shall always merit t 
Continuation of those favourable Impressions you ha' 
Received of me by an Administration Productive of tl 
True Interest of the Country. 

I hope also I shall always Do Honour to that Cor 
pliment you are pleased to make me of the Freedo 
of the City by Protecting the Priviledges and Righ 
thereof. 

Chas. Hardy. 

Fort George New York ) 
the loth. of September, i^SS. j 



No. 82. 



At a Common Council held July 22d. 1757. 

Aaron Gilbert, Salt measurer, was sworn a Freem; 
of this Corporation and ordered to be Registred ai 
was also admitted and sworn into the office of one 
the publick Measurers of this City, 

City Rteot 

No. 83. 

At a Common Council held October loth. 1760. 

Ordered, That Mr. Recorder, Alderman Lungsto 
Alderman Lispenard, Alderman Scott and Mr. Roosi 
velt or the Major part of Them be a Committee to Pr 
pare the Draft of An Address to his Excellency Gener 
Amherst for his Success in the Reduction of Canada, 

Resolved, That this Corporation Do Present himwj 
the Freedom of this City and that the Seal of this Co 
poration be affixed thereto to be Enclosed in a Go! 
Box, and that Mr. Nicholas Roosevelt prepare such 
Box accordingly. 



APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, 1 760. 523 

At a Common Council held November 24th. 1760. 

This Board Having ordered the Draft of an Address 
to his Excellency Jeffrey Amherst Esqr. Major Generall 
and Commander in Chief of all his Majesty's Forces in 
North America &c. To be prepared* a Draft was ac- 
cordingly produced and Read in the words Following 
(Vizt.) 

To his Excellency Jeffrey Amherst, Esqr. Major Gen- 
erall and Commander in Chief of all his Majesty's 
Forces in North America, &c. &c. 

The Cordial Address of the Mayor, Aldermen and 
Commonalty of the Antient City of New York in Com- 
mon Councill Convened. 



May it please your Excellency, 

To the United Suffrages of the British world in favour 
of your Excellency's distinguished merit, the Mayor, Al- 
dermen and Commonalty of the City of New York, Beg 
leave to add their most graetful Tribute of Thanks for 
the invaluable Services wrought by your Superiour Wis- 
dom and Valour in annexing the Extensive Country of 
Canada to his Majesty's Dominions in America, An 
Acquisition so inestimable in itself, so pregnant with the 
most important Consequences cannot fail to shine with 
a supreme Lustre amidst the most luminous Events, and 
give to its Author Rank Exalted in the Train of British 
Worthies, minutely to describe the Innumerable Ad- 
vantages Resulting from so signal a Conquest would 
be a vain Attempt. Let Millions yet unborn mark 
the Distinguished •Blessings as they Rise and while 
they Reap the happy Fruits of your martial Virtues 
they will not Cease to Bless the name of Amherst. 
Yet that we ourselves may not seem insensible of our 
Happiness permit us, Sir, to Turn our Eyes to the 
wide Extended Frontiers of our many fair Colonies, 
over which his sacred Majesty has so long swayed his 



524 APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, 1 70O. 

Gracious sceptre, how strangely altered is the amaz- 
ing scene ! — There the savage Native and more sav- 
age Canadian was lately wont to seize the Defenceless 
and inoffending Peasant doomed with his Tender wife 
and helpless Children to the most excruciating Death 
or a more Dreadfull Captivity Hence an Universal 
Horror seized the Borderers, To this succeeded a 
Generall Dereliction ; and the numerous settlements 
abandoned to the Relentless fury of an insatiate foe 
were soon Reduced to dismal and undistinguished 
Ruin, Husbandry Felt the Fatal Effects of such a 
Waste of Country ; and this City famous for its exten- 
sive Commerce Beheld and wept the Diminution of its 
Staple ; Thus Besides the keenest sympathy for our 
suffering Fellow Subjects we have acted our own sad 
parts in the Affecting Tragedy. — But Canada is no 
more — The Peasant may Return in Security to his 
Fields; Husbandry will soon Revive, the face of na- 
ture smile with the Blessings of peace ; and this 
Flourishing City rejoice in the Plenty of its markets. 
This surprizing Change we attribute with the most 
humble Gratitude to the paternal Care of our most 
gracious Sovereign in appointing your Excellency to 
Conduct his Victorious Armies in America. Our 
Restless Enemies, possessed of the Two Great Rivers 
of St. Lawrence and Mississippi, long since formed 
the horrid scheme of Circumventing us with a Chain 
of Fortresses, this with unwearied Industry they at 
Length atchieved ; and by this they gained the Do- 
minion of the Lakes and their Connecting Streams — 
the passes thus secured, as well into Canada as our 
own Country, necessarily Procured them the assistance 
of numerous Tribes of Indians, anjl, not to say worse 
shook the Fidelity of the few who had so long Valued 
themselves on our protection, nothing then seemed 
wanting but a little Patience till they had introduced 
a sufficient number of Regulars from France, but in this 
they Failed, their Sanguine Expectations broke down 
the Restraints of Policy and they Began to Execute 



APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, 1 760. 525 

the deep-laid purpose Before they had Strength Suffi- 
cient to ensure Success, and yet thus advantageously 
Situated they Compelled us in a Defensive war to 
Toil through several Campaigns ; most of which ended 
in the Loss of Some Fort or Tract of Countr}-, so 
True it is, that the inferiority of their numbers was in 
a great measure Compensated for, by the possession 
of those important posts ; which had they not Been 
wrested from them by your unexampled Conduct sec- 
onded by the matchless Heroism of the much lamented 
Wolfe and the Vigorous Efforts of his Brave Successor 
in Command, would in the hands of so vigilant design- 
ing and indefatigable an Enemy, most probably have 
ended in the Reduction of the whole British North 
America. This Sir, is a hasty Portraiture of the mighty 
Evils from which by your Triumphs we have Been 
delivered ; Evils to which we shall never again be ex- 
posed ; unless our late Restless neighbours should by 
a Restitution be Enabled to Renew the execrable 
attempt. Yet what will more Effectually perpetuate 
your name Sir with universal applause to the latest pos- 
terity are those ennumerable Benefits arising from 
an exclusive possession of this Vast Continent these 
Benefits, the purchase of your Labours, will unfold 
themselves in every Revolving year Till Great Britain 
shall Become the Emperial mistress of nations. In- 
deed to View her in her present Glorious State must 
Swell the Breast of her every worthy son, Her Royal 
fleets seem already to give Law to her Neighbours, as 
often as they spread Canvas even the insulting Gaul 
beholds with Trembling Expectation ; while to her 
Victorious Armies it is the same thing to march and 
to Conquer but the vast Variety of Soils and Climates 
in America capable of Produceing every Necessary and 
Conveniency of Life joined to the Fishery on its Coast 
must infalliably prove to our mother Country an inex- 
haustible Source of Wealth thus enabling her as well 
by t|ie power of her arms witholding or Bestowing the 
Blessings both of art and nature, to humble the United 



526 APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, 1 760. 

Arrogance of the most presumptuous opposers ; and 
Support the Tottering Fortunes of depended States. 
Such, Sir, Will be the wonderfull Effects of the Con- 
quest gained by those Armies which you have Com- 
manded with so much Honour to yourself and the nation 
A Conquest too immensely valuable ever to be ceded 
to an Enemy whose principal Characteristic is a Per- 
fidious abuse of Favours, But, Sir, while so Remark- 
able an Event will never Fail to Furnish the most am- 
ple Testimonials of your military Accomplishments, 
the ingenuous mind must at the same Time receive 
a peculiar Satisfaction from the Contemplation of 
an other part of your uncommon Character ; we mean 
your Humane and Generous Use of Victory the pic- 
ture of a Conqueror drawn from the Greatest Exam- 
ples Recorded in the Faithfull pages of History tho' it 
strikes the soul with a mixture of Admiration and 
Terror is seldom expressive of the Benevolent Effec- 
tions of the Heart even when the Conquered are 
Rather objects of Commiseration than Revenge, hence 
it is that your Compassionate Treatment of the Van- 
quished Canadians must appear most Singularly ami- 
able To Require of a disarmed yet Implacable Foe 
whose Inhumanities have deserved the severest 
strockes of Vindictive Justice, nothing more than a 
quiet Submission to the Gentle Dictates of British 
Rule is indeed a Disinterested Virtue and must Con- 
vince the attentive World that Britons never Conquer 
to enslave. To Conclude ; Sir, that the God of 
Armies may Continue to Furnish your head with Wis- 
dom, your Breast with Fortitude and your Arm with 
Strength that he may Cover you as with a Shield and 
make you Terrible to your Enemies in the day of 
Battle ; that you may Long live to Enjoy the gracious 
Smiles of your Royall Master, the Greatfull acclama- 
tions of the British Nation and the peaceful Eulogiums 
of an approving Conscience that your name may Be 
Remembered With Thankfulness by the Latest Pos- 
terity ; and that your unwearied Labours for the 



APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, 1 760. 527 

publick Welfare may meet with their due Rewards 
here ; and an unfading Crown of Glory hereafter, are 
the Earnest Wishes and Desires of your Excellency's 
most obedient humble servants, The Mayor, Aldermen 
and Commonalty of the City of New York. 

Which was agreed To ; and ordered to be En- 
grossed. 

The Draft of a Freedom to Be Presented to his 
Excellency, was Also Read and is in the Words Fol- 
lowing (Vizt.) 

City of ) 
New York, j ^^ " 

John Cruger Esqn, Mayor, the Recorder Alder- 
men and Assistants of the City of New York in 
Common Council Convened : To all To whom these 
presents shall come, send Greeting. Whereas the 
late Glorious Success of the British Arms in the 
Compleat Reduction of the extensive country of Can- 
ada to the Obedience of his Majesty, are under God 
to be attributed to the Singular Wisdom and Valour 
of his Excellency Jeffery Amherst Esqr. Major Gen- 
erall and Commander in Chief of All his Majesty's 
forces in North America &c : In favour of whose 
Distinguished Merit wee are Desirous of Furnishing 
the most Ample and publick Testimonials. Wee do 
Therefore Under a Gratefull Sense of the many Sig- 
nal Services wrought by the said Jeffery Amherst 
Esqr. for the British Nation in General, and the North 
America Colonies in particular During the P/esent 
War with France, hereby present him with the most 
hearty and Unfeigned Thanks of the Freedom of this 
Corporation, and in Testimony of our Great Esteem 
for his person and Merit and With a sincere Desire 
of Doing the Highest Honour to this City by the 
Addition of so Worthy and Dignified a member, Wee 
do entreat him to Accept of and do Accordingly pre- 
sent him with the Freedom of this Corporation ; 
These are Therefore to Certify and Declare that the 



528 APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, 1 760. 

said Jeffery Amherst Esqr. is By these presents 
Admitted Received and Allowed a Freeman and Citi- 
zen of the City of New York in the Colony of New 
York in North America, To have hold Enjoy and 
partake of All and Singular the Benefits Liberties 
privilidges freedoms and Immunities Whatsoever 
granted or Belonging and of Right Appertaining To 
a Freeman and Citizen of the same City ; In Testi- 
mony whereof wee the Mayor Aldermen and Com- 
monalty of the said City in Common Council Con- 
vened at the City Hall of the said City have caused 
the Seal of the said City to these presents to be 
affixed this Twenty Seventh day of November in the 
year of our Lord one Thousand Seven Hundred and 
Sixty and in the Thirty fourth year of the Reign of 
his Majesty George the Second by the Grace of God 
of Great Brittain France and Ireland King Defender 
of the Faith &c. 

And ordered the same to be Handsomely En- 
grossed on Parchment and the seal of this Corpora- 
tion Affixed thereto to be Enclosed in Gold Box with 
the Following Inscription Engraved thereon, to witt, 
Illustrissi7H0 Cesare orbem Tenente Brttaninim Geor- 
gia Scciuido, Insignia Gallorum Canadensium Domi- 
tori Geoderido Amherst Anno MDCCLX Neo- 
Eboracc7isis Civitas hei virtutis militaris Tributum 
Gratissime Confert, 

At a Common Council held November 27th. 1760. 

The Engrossed Address to his Excellencey Jeffery 
Amherst Esqr., Major Generall and Commander in 
Chief of All his majesty's forces in North America &c. 
was Read and agreed to and Signed by the members 
of this Corporation, and then the whole Board Waited 
on his said Excellencey with the said address as also 
with the Freedom of this Corporation and seal thereto 
annexed, Enclosed in a Gold Box which they Pre- 
sented to him, and thereupon his said Excellencey 
made the Following Answer (Vizt.) 



APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, 1 76 1. 529 

To the Mayor, Aldermen and Commonalty of the 
Antient City of New York. 

Gentlemen, 

I Return you my most Sincere thanks for the Ad- 
dress you have pleased to make me. It Gives me 
Very particular pleasure that the success of his Ma- 
jesty's Arms in the Reduction of Canada has Contrib- 
uted so much to the Happiness of the People on this 
Continent, and it is my most hearty Wish that This 
City may Reap All the advantages it Can Desire from 
this Conquest, and that it may Prosper and Flourish 
to the Latest Time, 

I am 

Gentlemen, 

Your most obedient 

Humble Servant 

Jeff: Amherst. 

City Records. 

No. 84. 

At a Common Council held October 30th. 1761. 

This Board having order'd the draft of an address 
to his Excellency the Honourable Robert Monckton, 
Captain Generall and Governour in Chief in and over 
the Colony of New York, and Territories thereon De- 
pending in America, Vice Admirall of the same and 
Major Generall of his Majesty's forces, to be prepared ; 
a Draft was accordingly prepared and Read in the 
Words following (Vizt.) 

The Humble address of the Mayor, Aldermen, and 
Commonalty of his Majesties Antient Corporation 
of the City of New York, in Common Councill 
Convened. 

May it please your Excellency, 
We his Majesties most Dutifull and Loyall subjects, 
34 



530 APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, 1 76 1. 

the Mayor, Aldermen and Commonalty of the City 
New York, do with great sincerity Beg leave to Co 
gratulate your Exceflency upon your Accession to th 
Government We Do with the Greatest Gratitude ar 
Thankfullness Acknowledge his most Gracious Maje 
ties Paternal Care and Effection in Constituting an 
appointing over us a Gentleman every way Abu; 
dantly Qualifyed to discharge the high Station to whic 
you are advanced, and the important Trust Repose 
in your Excellency by our most Gracious Sovereig 
your Abode with us for some Considerable Time he 
furnished your Excellency with many Oppertunitic 
of Becoming acquainted with the Civil and Religioi 
Constitutions of the people you are to Govern, 
favour not often Conferred upon us, and we have n 
Reason- to Doubt that a Gentleman of your Excellei 
cies abilities, has acquired a Sufficient knowledge i 
Both, Permit us. Sir, to Assure you, that your Gallar 
Conduct and intrepid Behaviour at the Memorabl 
Battle, on the Plains of Abraham at Quebeck, wi 
always be Gratefully remembered not only by th 
present Generation but also by the Latest posterity 
And we beg leave to Assure your Excellency that w 
will, not only as a Body Politick and Corporate bi 
also in our Respective Stations, Exert ourselves t 
Render your Excellencies Administration Easy an 
Prosperous among us. 

Which being agreed to was ordered to be Er 
grossed ; 

The Draft of a Freedom to be preferred to his E> 
cellency was also Read, and agreed to by this Boar 
and is in the words following, 

City of ) 
New Ygrk. [ ^^ ' 

John Cruger Esqr.. Mayor, and the Recorder, Aide 
men and Commonalty of the City of New York, To A 
to whom these presents shall Come send Greetinj 



APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, I 76 1. 53 1 

Know yee, that we the Mayor, Recorder, Aldermen 
and Commonalty of the City of New York aforesaid, 
Assembled in Common Councill, being Willing to Dem- 
onstrate the Great Value and Esteem wee have for 
the person of his Excellency the Honourable Robert 
Monckton, Captain Generall and Governour in Chief, 
of this his Majesty's Province of New York and Terri- 
tories thereon depending in America, and Vice-Admi- 
rall of the same and Major Generall of his Majesties 
Forces, and being Truly sensible of the Great Honour 
it will be to this Corporation, to have so worthy a per- 
son a member thereof. Ordered that he be presented 
with the Freedom of this Corporation With the seal 
thereto Inclosed in a Gold Box with the City Arms 
Engraved on the Lid thereof ; These are therefore to 
Certify and declare that his said Excellency the Hon- 
ourable Robert Monckton, is hereby admitted received 
and allowed a Freeman and Citizen of the same City. 
To have hold Enjoy and partake of All the benefits 
Liberties priviledges franchises freedoms and Immuni- 
ties Whatsoever Granted or Belonging to the same 
City. In testimony whereof the said Mayor Recorder 
Aldermen and Commonalty have Caused the seal 
of the said City to be hereunto Affixed the Thirty 
first day of October in the Second year of the Reign 
of our Lord George the Third by the Grace of God 
of Great Brittain France and Ireland King defender of 
the faith &c. and in the year of our Lord one Thou- 
sand seven hundred and sixty one. 

Ordered the same be Handsomely Engrossed on 
parchment and the seal of this Corporation affixed 
thereto to be Enclosed in a Gold Box. 

At a Common Council held October 31st. 1761. 

The Engrossed Address to his Excellency the Hon- 
ourable Robert Monckton, Captain Generall and Gov- 
ernour in Chief in and over the Colony of New York 
and Territories thereon Depending in America, Vice 



532 APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, 1 76 1. 

Admirall of the same, and Major Generall of his 
Majesty's forces was Read and agreed to, and Signed 
by the Members of this Corporation and then the 
whole Board Waited on his said Excellency, with the 
said Address, as Also with the freedom of this Corpo- 
ration, and the Seal thereto inclosed, in a Gold Box, 
which they presented to him and thereupon his said 
Excellency made the following Answer (Vizt.) 

Gentlemen, 

I have the highest sense of the favourable opinion 
you are pleased to express of me in your Address for 
which, and your kind Congratulations, I return you 
my Unfeigned Thanks, Happy in your Professions to 
render my Administration easy and prosperous, I 
think it is my Indispensible duty, to give a particular 
Attention to the Welfare and Prosperity of this City. 

January 13th. 1762. Ordered The Mayor issue his 
Warrant to the Treasurer, to pay Mr. Nicholas Roose- 
velt, the sum of Twenty four Pounds four Shillings, 
for a Gold Box which this Board annexed to the 
Freedom of this City lately given to his Excellency 
Robert Monckton. 

City Records, 

No. 85. 

A Law relating to making Freemen. 

Be it Ordained by the Mayor, Recorder, Aldermen 
and Assistants of the City of New-York, convened in 
Common Council, and it is hereby Ordained by the 
Authority of the same. That all Persons hereafter to 
be made free of this Corporation (who were not born 
within this City, or served a regular Apprenticeship of 
seven years within the same) shall pay for the Free- 
dom thereof as foUoweth, to wit, Every Merchant, 
Trader, or Shop-Keeper, the Sum of Five Pounds, of 



APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, 1 762. 533 

current Money of this Colony, including the several 
Fees herein aftermentioned ; and every Handicraft 
Tradesman, the Sum of Twenty Shillings, of like cur- 
rent Money, for the Use of this Corporation, with the 
Customary Fees on being made free, That is to say, 
Six Shillings to the Mayor, Six Shillings to the Re- 
corder, Seven Shillings and Six Pence to the Clerk. 
One Shilling to the Cryer and Bell-ringer of the 
Mayor s Court ; and that every Person hereafter to be 
made Free of this City, that was born, or served an 
Apprenticeship within the same, shall pay for being 
sworn a Freeman and registred, the Sum of One 
Shilling and Six Pence to the Clerk, and Nine 
Pence to the Cryer and Bell-ringer of the Mayors 
Court. 

II. And be it further Ordained by the Authority 
aforesaid. That ever)' Person hereafter to be made 
Free of this City, shall take the following Oath before 
the Mayor, Deputy Mayor, and any Four or more of 
the Aldermen, (to wit). 

Ye do swear. That ye shall be good and true to 
Our Sovereign Lord King George the Third, and 
to the Heirs of our said Sovereign Lord the King ; 
Obeysant and obedient shall ye be to the Mayor and 
Ministers of this City, the Franchises and Customs 
thereof: Ye shall maintain, and this City keep Harm- 
less, in that which in you is : Ye shall be contributing 
to all Manner of Charges within this City, as Sum- 
mons. Watches, Contributions, Taxes, Tollages, Lot 
and Scot, and all other Charges, bearing your Part as 
a Freeman ought to do : Ye shall Know of no Gather- 
ings, Conventicles, or Conspiracies made against the 
King s Peace, but you shall warn the Mayor thereof, 
or let it, to your Power. All these Points and Articles 
ye shall well and truly Keep, according to the Laws 
and Customs of this City, So help you God. 

iMWSf Statutes^ Ordinances and Constitutions of the City 
of New York, November K^th. 1762. New York, 1763. 



534 APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, 1 765. 

No. 86. 

Printed form of Certificate of Freeman, 1765, 
Manual of the Common Council for 1852, page 

City of 
New York ^ ^^• 
(l.s.) 

By John Cruger, Esq ; Mayor, And the Ald< 
of the City of New Yorky To all to whovi these 
ents shall come, send Greeting. 

WHEREAS Joseph Drake shopkeeper 
made Application to be made a Freeman 
Citizen of the same City. CTiirSC ate 5ri)CrcfO 
certify and declare, that the said Joseph Dral 
hereby admitted, received, and allowed, a Fre 
and Citizen of the same City; To ^abc^ I^OlTlt 
and ]5uJ0|), all the Benefits, Privileges, Franchise! 
Immunities whatsoever granted or belonging t 
same City. Jn CTcStimonP whereof, the said M 
and Aldermen, have hereunto caused the Seal c 
said City to be affixed. ^iLiitnfSSg John Cr 
Esq ; Mayor, the Twenty fourth Day of Octob 
the fifth Year of the Reign of our Sovereign 
George the Third, by the Grace of God, of <J 

Uritain, Jf ranrr, and trdant, King, Defend 

the Faith, &c. and in the Year of our Lord 1761 

By Order of the said Mayor 
and Aldermen. 
Augt. V. Cortlandt. Clk. 



No. 87. 

At a Common Council held November 14th. 1 

M"^ Recorder [Simon Johnson] produced tc 
Board the Draft of an Address to his Excellent 



APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, 1765. 535 

Henry Moore, Baronet, Captain-Generall, and Gov- 
ernour in Chief, in and over the Colony of New York 
and Territories thereon depending in America, Vice- 
Admiral and Chancellor of the Same, Which was Read 
and is in the Words following. 



To his Excellency Sir Henry Moore, Baronet, Cap- 
tain General and Governour in Chief, in and over 
the Colony of New York and the Territories 
thereon Depending in America, Vice Admiral & 
Chancellor of the Same. 

The humble Address of the Mayor, Aldermen and 
Commonalty of his Majesty's Ancient Corporation of 
the City of New York, in Common Council Convened. 
May it Please your Excellency, 

With Hearts Elate and full of Joy, we Beg Leave 
to Congratulate your Excellency on Your Appoint- 
ment to the Chief Command of this Colony and the 
safe Arrival of Yourself and Family Amongst us. 

While we Look Back upon the Administration of 
Your immediate Predecessor, General Monckton, Who 
Governed this Colony with a Spirit of Dignity Justice 
and Tenderness never to Be Forgotten By the people 
of this Country, we Esteem it a fresh proof of his 
Majesty's paternal Care over us that he was pleased, 
Instantly upon his Removal To Berwick, to make pro- 
vision for our Loss By delivering the Charge of the 
Colony to a Gentleman whose fame Promises us so 
happy a Succession. 

It is indeed Unfortunate to Your Excellency that 
the Colonies in General are now Groaning under the 
Burthen of Great Grievances and filled with fearfull 
Apprehensions of the Loss of Some of their most Inesti- 
mable Privilidges : But it is no Small Alleviation of our 
Grief that we Can Assure your Excellency we feel No 
Abatement of that Gracious Protection which has so 
Gloriously distinguished the Princes of his Majesty's 
Illustrious house, and as we do with all undissembled 



536 APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, 1 765. 

sincerity Profess the utmost Devotion and Loyal 
to our Royal Sovereign, so it Affords us no Sm; 
Pleasure that By Your Accession to the Govemme 
We Again have the Prospect that the True State ai 
fidelity of his Subjects in this Colony will Be faithful 
Represented to the Throne. 

Impressed with the most favourable Sentiments < 
Your Excellency (whose Arrival at this Critical June 
ure was most ardently wished for) we Rejoice in th 
Confident Expectation, of the preservation and Estal 
lishment of the Publick Peace and Felicity ; And sha 
Always Be Ready on our Parts, not only to Contribut 
to the maintainance of Good order in this City, But t 
the Comfort and Ease of yourself and family. 

Signed By order of the Common-Council. 

Augustus Van Cortlandt Clk. 
City of New York, November 21st. 1765. 

And the same Being Approved of By this Board w; 
ordered To Be Engrossed and at the same Time tl 
Draft of a Freedom to be Preferred to his said Exc^ 
lency was Also Read and Agreed to By this Board ar 
is in the Words following (Vizt.) 

City of ) ^g 
New York ) 

John Cruger Esq*". Mayor, and the Aldermen ar 
Commonalty of the City of New York : To all 1 
Whom these Presents shall Come send Greetin 
Know Yee that we the Mayor, Aldermen and Con 
monalty of the City of New York aforesaid, Assemble 
in Common Council, Being willing to Demonstrate th 
Great Value and Esteem we have for the Person of h 
Excellency Sir Henry Moore, Baronet, Captain Gener 
and Governour in Chief in and over the Province < 
New York and the Territories thereon depending i 
America, Vice-Admiral and Chancellor of the same, an 
Being Fully Sensible of the Great honour it will Be 1 



APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, 1 765. 537 

this Corporation to have so Worthy a Person a Mem- 
ber thereof Ordered that he Be Presented with the 
Freedom of this Corporation with the seal theretcr En- 
closed in a Gold Box, with the City Arms Engraved 
on the Lid thereof, These are Therefore to Certify 
and Declare that his said Excellency Sir Henry Moore, 
Baronet, is hereby Admitted Received and Allowed a 
Freeman and Citizen of the said City ; To have hold 
Enjoy and Partake of all the Benefitts Liberties Privi- 
lidges franchises freedoms and Immunities Whatso- 
ever Granted or Belonging to the same City ; In 
Testimony Whereof the said Mayor, Aldermen and 
Commonalty have Caused the seal of the said City 
to be hereunto Affixed the Fourteenth day of Novem- 
ber in the Sixth Year of the Reign of our Sovereign 
Lord George The Third, By the Grace of God of 
Great Britain France and Ireland King, defender of the 
faith &c* and in the Year of our Lord One Thousand 
seven hundred and Sixty five. 

By order of the Common-Council ; 

Augustus Van Cortlandt Clk. 

Ordered By this Board that the same Be liand- 
somly Engrossed on Parchment and the seal of this 
Corporation Affixed thereto to be Enclosed in a Gold 
Box with the City Arms Engraved thereon. 

At a Common Council held November 21st. 1765. 

The Engrossed Address to his Excellency Sir 
Henry Moore, Baronet, Captain General and Govern- 
our in Chief in and Over the Province of New York 
and the Territories depending thereon in America, Vice 
Admiral and Chancellor of the same, was read and 
agreed to And ordered that the same Be Signed By 
the Clerk of this Board, and then the whole Board 
waited on his said Excellency, with the said Address 
as also with the Freedom of this Corporation and the 
Seal thereto Annexed in a Gold Box, which they pre- 




538 APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, 1 766. 

sented to him and thereupon his said Excellency mac 
the following Answer, (vizt.) 

Gentlemen, 

I return you my hearty thanks for this Address an 
for Your Expressions of Regard for my Self an 
Family. It will be no small Satisfaction to me if m 
Arrival here can in any shape Contribute to the Pul 
lick Peace and Tranquility. Nothing on my part shal 
be wanting to Establish them on a Lasting founds 
tion ; and from Your Assurances of Duty and Loyalt; 
to his Majesty, as well as Readiness to maintain Goo^ 
Order in this City, I can have no doubt of obtaining s< 
desirable an end. 



At a Common Council held June 3d. 1766. 

Ordered that the Mayor issue his Warrant to th 
Treasurer to pay Nicholas Roosevelt Esqr. or ordei 
the sum of Thirty Eight pounds Ten Shillings in fu 
for Two Gold Boxes, Made for the use of the Coi 
poration. 

City Recara 

No. 88. 

At a Common Council held June loth. 1766. 

Mr. Mayor informed this Board that William Davi 
of this City, Marriner, hath lately delivered to him to h 
Presented to this Board the Picture of the RigF 
Honourable William Pitt, set in an Elegant and Gei 
teel frame, and this Board in order to Demonstrat 
the Great Value and Esteem they have for the perso 
of so Great a Patriot and Friend to America as the sai 
William Pitt, Do hereby in Return for the Compl 
ment of the said William Davis, Order that the Fre< 
dom of this Corporation be prepared and presented t 



APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, 1 767-69. 539 

him, and that the Clerk prepare one Accordingly and 
deliver the same to Mr. Mayor who is desired to Present 
it to the said William Davis, with the Thanks of this 
Board. 

City Records. 

No. 90. 

At a Common Council held February 20th. 1767. 

Jasper Stymets of this City was Sworn a Freeman 
of this Corporation, and Ordered to be registered and 
the said Jasper Stymets made application to this Board 
to be appointed one of the publick measurers of the 
said City. Ordered by this Board that he be ap- 
pointed to the said Office accordingly, on his first tak- 
ing the usual oath for the due execution of the same. 

City Records* 



No. 91. 

At a Common Council held June 3d. 1768. 

Ordered that Charles Giles be appointed, and he is 
hereby accordingly appointed one of the publick Meas- 
urers of this City on his taking the usual Oath for the 
due Execution of said Office, and the said Charles 
Gyles was at the same time Admitted and Sworn a 
Freeman of this Corporation and ordered to be regis- 
tred. 

City Records. 



No. 92. 

At a Common Council held August 24th. 1769. 

The Petition of Theophilus Hardenbrock and Sun- 
dry other House Carpenters in this City, was again 



540 APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, IJ^JO. 

m 

Read, setting forth among other things that a Cons 
erable Number of Country Carpenters have for Soi 
years past Come into this City in the Summer Seas 
and Followed their Trade, and in the Fall return aga 
to their familys without paying Any Taxes or asse! 
ments, to the Great prejudice of your petitioners ai 
the impoverishment of their familys, &c. 

Ordered that Alderman Blagge, Alderman Gauti< 
and Messmes Huggit, Van Varick, Van Wagenen, 
the major part of them be a Committee to Confer wi 
the petitioners in order to relieve them upon the su 
ject of their petition and report the same to this Boa 
with all Convenient Speed. 

City Recm 



No. 89. 

At a Common Council held January 19th. 1770. 

Whereas it hath been reported to this Board th 
one certain William Lisk, of the said City, Carpent< 
did yesterday endeavour to Excite and promote 
Riot, to demolish a Certain House in the Common 
Contiguous to the Work House, the property of th 
Corporation, and did at the same time treat the Mayc 
in a very Insolent and Contemptuous manner, wt 
was then in the Execution of his Office Contrary I 
the Oath the said William Lisk, hath taken to presen 
the peace of the said City as a Freeman thereof, It 
therefore 

Ordered by this Board, that upon Service of a Cop 
hereof on the said William Lisk, he appear before th 
Board on Thursday next at three o'Clock in the afte 
noon at the Common Council Chamber, in the Cii 
Hall of this City, to shew Cause why he should n( 
be disfranchised, for his Conduct aforesaid. 

[There is no record of his appearance to answer tl 
charge.] 



APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, \TjO. 54I 

No. 93. 

At a Common Council held October 27th. 1770. 

M' Recorder produced to this Board, the draft of 
an address to his Excellency the Right Honourable 
John Earl of Dunmore, Captain General & Governour 
in Chief in & over the province of New York and the 
Territories depending thereon in America, Chancellor 
& Vice Admiral of the same in the Words following, 

To his Excellency the Right Honourable &c. as above 

The humble address of the Mayor, Alderman & 
Commonalty of the City of New York in Common 
Council Convened. 

May it please your Excellency. 

The Mayor, Aldermen and Commonalty of this City 
Embrace with alacrity, the Earliest opportunity of 
Offering to your Lordship, their hearty Congratula- 
tions on your appointment to the Chief Command of 
this Colony, and your arrival in the Metropolis of 
your Government. 

Impressed with the warmest Sentiments of Duty and 
Loyalty to our gracious Sovereign, We acknowledge 
with the Utmost Gratitude this recent and affection- 
ate Instance of his Majestys Goodness and paternal 
Care, in appointing to preside over us his faithful! 
Colony a Nobleman eminently distinguished, by his 
Rank and Quality, and whose personal accomplish- 
ments afford the most pleasing prospect of an able 
and upright administration. 

From Expectations so well Grounded, we cannot 
doubt of your Excellencys Countenance and protec- 
tion in the full and uninterrupted Enjoyment of the 
franchises and Immunities Extended by his Majesty's 
Royal Predecessors to this his Ancient Corporation, 
and with undissembled Sincerity, we beg leave to 
assure your Lordship, our best Endeavours shall Con- 



542 APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, I77O. 

stantly be Exerted in promoting the true End of all 
Government peace order and publick Tranquility, 
while we shall neglect no opportunity in Contrib- 
uting everything in our power to your Excellencys 
Ease, Satisfaction and felicity. 

And the same being approved of by this Board, was 
ordered to be Engrossed, and at the same time the 
draft of a Freedom to be preferred to his said Excel- 
lency was also Read and agreed to by this Board, and 
is in the words following 

City of ) 
New York j ^^• 

By Whitehead Hicks Esq*^ Mayor, and the Alder- 
men & Commonalty of the said City. To all to whom 
these presents shall Come. Send Greeting Know ye 
that we the Mayor Aldermen and Commonalty of the 
City of New York aforesaid, assembled in Common 
Council, being willing to demonstrate the Great value 
and Esteem we have for the person of his Excellency 
the Right Honourable John Earl of Dunmore, Cap- 
tain General and Governor in Chief in and over the 
province of New York and the Territories depending 
thereon in America, Chancellor and Vice Admiral of 
the same, and being truly sensible of the Great honour 
it will be to this Corporation, to have so worthy a 
person a Member thereof, Ordered that he be pre- 
sented with the Freedom of this Corporation, with the 
Seal thereto enclosed in a Golden Box, with the City 
Arms Engraved on the Lid thereof : These are there- 
fore to Certify and Declare, that his said Excellency 
the Right Honourable John Earl of Dunmore, is 
hereby admitted, received and allowed a Freeman & 
Citizen of the said City. To have and to hold Enjoy 
and partake of all the Benefits, Liberties, priviledges, 
franchises, freedoms, and Immunities, whatsoever. 
Granted or belonging to the same City. In Testi- 
mony whereof the said Mayor, Aldermen and Com- 
monalty, have Caused the Seal of the said City, to 



APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, I77O-7I. 543 

be hereunto affixed the 27*^ day of October, in the 
Eleventh year of the Reign of our Sovereign Lord 
George the third by the Grace of God of Great 
Britain France and Ireland King, Defender of the 
faith &c. and in the year of our Lord 1770. 

Ordered by this Board that the same be handsomly 
Engrossed on parchment, and the Seal of this Cor- 
poration be affixed thereto to be Enclosed in a Gold 
box, with the City Arms Engraved theron. 

At a Common Council held November 13th. 1770. 

The Engrossed address to his Excellency the Right 
Honourable John Earl of Dunmore, Captain General 
and Governour in Chief, in and over the province of 
New York, and the Territories depending thereon in 
America, Chancellor and Vice Admiral of the same, 
was Read and agreed to, and ordered that the same 
be signed by the Mayor, and the same being signed 
accordingly ; this Board did thereupon Wait on his 
said Excellency with the said address, and the same 
was presented to him by the Recorder, [Thomas 
Jones]. Who returned the following Answer (vizt.) 

Gentlemen, 

I am infinitely obliged to you for this kind address. 
I hope to Confirm you in the Good opinion you Con- 
ceive of me, by making the Franchises and Immuni- 
ties of this Corporation the Objects of my particular 
Care and Attention and with your assistance, I am 
not under the Least doubt of seeing the most perfect 
order and Tranquility Reign throughout this City. 

City Records 

No. 94. 

At a Common Council held July 9th. 1771. 

Ordered by this Board, that Mr. Recorder [Thomas 
Jones] Do prepare the draft of an Address to his 



544 APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, 1 77 1. 

Excellency William Tryon Esqr., Captain Gen 
and Governour in Chief, in and over the Provino 
New York, and the Territories depending thereon 
America, Chancellor and Vice Admiral of the sa; 
and that the Clerk of the Board prepare the Draft 
a Freedom of this Corporation to his said Excellen 
and prefer the same at their next meeting. 

Ordered by this Board, that Alderman Brewer! 
and Mr. Mesier, be a Committee to Cause a Gold B 
to be prepared against Saturday next, of the Value 
twenty pistoles, for Enclosing the City Seal, to 
annexed to the Freedom of his said Excellency ^A 
liam Tryon, and that the said Committee apply 
John Ling, to prepare the same Accordingly. 

It is agreed to by this Board, and Ordered, that Jo 
Myer illuminate the City Hall, New Goal, Wo 
House, and the Ferry House at Nassau Island, at t 
Expence of this Corporation, as a Compliment to 1 
Excellency Governour Tryon. 

At a Common Council held July 15th. 1771. 

M' Recorder, Pursuant to an order of the last Coi 
mon Council, produced to this Board, the draft of ; 
Address to his Excellency William Tryon Esqr., Cs 
tain General and Governour in Chief, in and over t 
province of New York, and the Territories dependii 
thereon in America, Chancellor & Vice Admiral 
the same, which being Read, is in the words f 
lowing. 

To his Excellency William Tryon, (as above) 

The humble address of the Mayor, Aldermen ai 
Commonalty of the City of New York, 

May it please your Excellency, 

We, his majestys most dutifull and loyal Subjec 
the Mayor, Aldermen & Commonalty of this antie 



APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, I77I. 545 

Corporation, beg leave to present your Excellency, 
our warmest Congratulations on your arrival with 
your family in this Colony ; and your appointment to 
Succeed our late worthy Governor the Earl of Dun- 
more, on whom, from a just Estimation of his Ser- 
vices, his majesty hath been Graciously pleased 
to Confer the Government of his Dominion of 
Virginia, 

With the most lively Gratitude we receive this 
mark of his majestys paternal Goodness in appoint- 
ing to preside over this his loyal and faithful Colony, 
a Gentleman whose abilities eminently distinguish and 
qualify him for the discharge of this important trust, 
and whose Irreproachable Conduct in the Government 
he lately so honourably filled, is the Strongest presage 
of our own publick felicity. 

The ardour with which your Excellency as Supreme 
magistrate in the Colony, which you lately presided 
over, undertook that hazardous though necessary Ser- 
vice, in Supporting the Laws of the Country, and the 
Quelling a daring Insurrection justly alarming to the 
Community, and which if not happily Suppressed, 
might have been Attended with Very Dangerous 
Consequences, we think reflects great honour upon 
your Excellency. 

We Cannot leave your Excellency, without entreat- 
ing your favourable Countenance and protection of 
this Corporation in the full enjoyment of all its fran- 
chises and priviledges Granted by his Majesty's Royal 
predecessors, nor without Offering our most ardent 
wishes, that you may long enjoy the inward and Solid 
Satisfaction, ^resulting from an easy, mild, and equit- 
able administration, which we shall ever Studiously 
endeavour to promote, Confident from the tendency of 
your Amiable disposition, that it will prove a Blessing 
to the people. 

And the same being approved of by this Board, was 
ordered to be Engrossed, and at the same time the 
draft of a Freedom of this Corporation, to be preferred 

35 



] 546 APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, 1 771. 



to his said Excellency was also Read, and agreed t^ 
by this board, and is the words following, 

City of \ 
New York. ) ^^ ' 

By Whitehead Hicks Esqr., Mayor, and the 
Aldermen and Commonalty of the said City. To al 
to whom these presents shall Come, Send Greeting 
Know Ye that we, the Mayor, Aldermen and Common- 
alty of the City of New York aforesaid assemblec 
in Common Council, being Willing to demonstrate 
the great Value and Esteem we have for the person oi 
his Excellency William Tryon Esq', Captain Genera! 
and Governor in Chief, in and over the province oi 
New York, and the Territories depending thereor 
in America, Chancellor and Vice admiral of the same 
and being truly Sensible of the Great honour it will b< 
to this Corporation, to have so worthy a person c 
Member thereof. Ordered that he be presented with 
the Freedom of this Corporation, with the Seal thereto 
enclosed in a Golden Box; These are therefore tc 
Certify and Declare, that his said Excellency, the saic 
William Tryon, is hereby admitted, Received anc 
allowed, a Freeman and Citizen of the said City Tc 
have and to hold. Enjoy and partake of all the bene 
fits Liberties, priviledges, franchises, freedoms, anc 
immunities whatsoever, Granted or belonging to the 
same City. In Testimony whereof the said Mayoi 
Aldermen & Commonalty, have Caused the Seal o 
the said City, to be hereunto affixed the [i8th] day o 
J-uly, in the Eleventh year of the reign of our Sover 
eign Lord George the third, by the Grace of God o 
Great Britain France and Ireland King, Defender o 
the faith &c. and in the year of our Lord 1771. 

Ordered by this board that the same be hansomb 
Engrossed on parchment, and the Seal of this Corpc 
ration be Affixed thereto, to be Enclosed as afore 
said. 



APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, 1 77 1. 547 

At a Common Council held July i8th. 1771. 

The Engrossed Address to his Excellency William 
Tryon Esqn, Captain General and Governour in Chief, 
in and over the Province of New York and the Terri- 
tories depending thereon in America, Chancellor and 
Vice Admiral of the same, was Read and agreed to, 
and ordered that the same be Signed by the Mayor, 
and the same was Signed Accordingly. This Board 
did thereupon wait on his said Excellency, with the 
said Address, and the same was presented to him by 
the Recorder, Who returned the following Answer 
(vizt.) 

To the Mayor, Aldermen and Commonalty of the 
City of New York, 

Gentlemen, 

I receive with Real pleasure your Congratulations 
on my Arrival with my Family in this Colony, and 
esteem myself happy in being appointed to Succeed 
your late worthy Governour in the Command of this 
most Respectable province. 

I conceived it an indispensable duty in me, to Carry 
into Execution those active Measures, I was Called 
upon to pursue, in Vindication of the Violated Civil 
Rights of a province I had then the honour to pre- 
side over. But to receive such honourable Testi- 
monies of the necessity of that Service, from the 
Mayor, Aldermen and Commonalty of this antient 
Corporation, affords as much Inward satisfaction to 
my mind, as it does me publick honor. 

Imprest with a proper Sense of my duty, and your 
favourable Opinion of my Inclinations, I shall faith- 
fully endeavour to promote the publick felicity, of this 
Country. 

The Corporation of the City of New York, may be 
Confident, of every possible Countenance and pro- 
tection from me, in all its franchises and priviledges 



548 APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, 1771-74. 

granted by his Majesty's Royal predecessors, ; 
that their Studious endeavours to promote the S 
cess of my administration will meet, with all Suita 
returns of Respect and Gratitude. 

And then this Board presented his said Excellei 
with the Freedom of the Corporation. 



f 
The Certificate of Freedom issued July i8. 17 
having been destroyed in the fire at Fort George 
duplicate was made, with the following proceedir 
of the Corporation. 

At a Common Council held February 21st. 1774. 

M"^ Mayor produced the draft of an address to 1 
Excellency Governor Tryon, which being read is 
the Words following, 

To his Excellency William Tryon Esqr., Captain Ge 
eral and Governor in Chief, in and over the C 
ony of New York, and the Territories dependi 
thereon in America, Chancellor and Vice Admii 
of the same. . 

The Humble address of the Mayor, Aldermen ai 
Commonalty of the City of New York. 

May it please your Excellency, 

While we Testify our Gratitude to God for t 
Gracious interposition of his Almighty arm in pi 
serving your Excellency, and so many Branches 
your family, in the late Conflagrations of the Buil 
ings in the fort ; it is with a mixture of undissembl 
Grief, that we find ourselves Called to the mela 
choly Office of Cpndolence on account of your Gre 
Losses in the wasting destruction of that memoral 
and Perilous hour. 



APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, 1774- 549 

But Pungent as our Sorrow is, for this Calamity to 
your Excellency, it might be Alleviated by the Gener- 
ous Sympathy of a province, that has a Just Sense of 
the merits of its Ruler, if the approaching minutes of 
your departure did not darken the prospect, we had 
of a more lasting felicity under your Command. 

It becomes us as the Loyal Subjects of a most Gra- 
cious Sovereign, to Submit to an act of his pleasure. 
Expressly founded upon the Royal approbation of its 
Expediency for the publick Utility ; and more Espe- 
cially, as you have inspired us with the firmest Con- 
fidence in your Zealous Attention whether present or 
Absent to the best of Interests of the Colony. 

It is Nevertheless with regret, that we are Obliged 
to look forward to the parting moment ; for if Integ- 
rity and Generosity, Impartiality and Condescension, 
prudence and activity, Vigilence and Indepency, in 
the Chief majestrate of a Colony, are Sure pledges of 
the people, of the Common felicity, we have to depre- 
cate your departure, as an Event unfortunate to the 
province. 

In Testimony of the Affectionate Esteem of a 
Grateful City, We beg Sir, your acceptance of this 
Box, enclosing an Exemplification of that Instrument 
destroyed in the late fire, by which we formerly Gave 
you a Title to its freedom and privileges, and which 
you once did us the honour to Receive. 

And the same being approved of by this board, was 
ordered to be Engrossed. 

At a Common Council held February 2 2d. 1774. 

The Engrossed address to his .Excellency William 
Tryon Esq^ Captain General and Governor in Chief, 
in and over the province of New York, and the Terri- 
tories depending thereon in America, Chancellor and 
Vice Admiral of the same, was Read this day and 
agreed to, and 

Ordered, that the same be Signed by M' Mayor in 



55o APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, 1 774- 

behalf of this Corporation, and the same was Sigr 
accordingly. This Board did thereupon Wait on 
said Excellency, with the said Address, and the sa 
was presented to him by M"^ Recorder — who Returr 
the following answer, (to witt,) 

Gentlemen, 

I take Very Kindly this Publick Testimony of yc 
Congratulations on the providential Deliverance 
my family from the Calamitous and Perilous Situati 
to which we were Subjected by the late fire; a 
Return you my Cordial thanks for your warm and fe 
ing Expressions, of Condolence on the Heavy Loss 
I Sustained in that Consuming and destructive hoi 
The Generous Sympathy of a province may AUevi^ 
the Burden of my pecuniary Injuries, but the loss 
useful papers, and a Collection of everything, th 
I have been able to make, thr'o a Series of Ye< 
devoted to Business, must be Irreparable lasting. 

The favorable Sentiments this City Entertains 
the Impartiality and Integrity of my publick Condu 
Gives me Great Satisfaction. 

I Gratefully accept from the Mayor, Aldermen 
Commonalty of the City of New York, this Eai 
repossession of a Golden Box, and Exemplification 
that Instrument which upon my Arrival in this Go 
ernment ; Gave me a Right to the Freedom and pri 
leges of a Citizen ; This Honorable mark of D 
tinction was pleasing to me at the first presenting 
it, but the uniform Civility and Attention of its ] 
habitants has Enhanced the Value of the Testimoni 
and my warmest Wishes, whither present or absent, v 
ever attend this flourishing Commercial American Ci 

Wm. Tryon. 

Ordered the Mayor Issue his Warrant to the Tre 
urer of this City to pay to Otto Parisien, or order, t 
sum of ;^32;i8:6, for a Golden Box, by him made, 
order of this Board. 




APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, 1774- 551 

No. 95. 

Fort George New York May the 3rd. 1774. 

Gentlemen, 

In Answer to the Memorial presented to me in 
behalf of the Members of the Corporation of this 
City, relative to Incompatibility of the Offices of 
Alderman & Coroner being held by one & the same 
Person, I am to inform you that I have received Mr. 
Benjamin Blagge's Resignation of the Office of Coro- 
ner, & With the Advice of his Majesty's Council, 
Nominated his son John to Succeed him in that Office, 
which will superceed the Necessity of My deciding 
upon the Legality of the opinions of the Gentlemen 
of the Law who have been consulted on that Occasion. 

I am Gentlemen 

Your most Obedient Servant 

Wm. Tryon. 
To the WorshipfuU Mayor 
& Corporation of New York. 

City Records, 

No. 96. 

At a Common Council held November 14th. 1765. 

The Draft of a Freedom to Be Preferred to his Ex- 
cellency the honourable Thomais Gage, Major General 
and Commander in Chief, of all his Majesty's forces 
in North America, was Likewise Read and Agreed to 
By this Board and is in the words. following (viz^) 

^^^y^f Iss 

New York ) ^^• 

John Cruger Esqr. Mayor, and the Aldermen and 
Commonalty of the City of New York. To all To 
Whom these Presents shall Come Send Greeting, 
know Yee that wee, the Mayor, Aldermen and Com- 



552 APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, 1773- 

monalty of the City of New York Aforesaid, Asset 
bled in Common Council, Being willing to demonstrai 
the Great Value and Esteem we have for the Perse 
of his Excellency the honourable Thomas Gage, Majc 
General and Commander in Chief of all his Majesty 
forces in North America &c : and Being Truly sens 
ble of the Great honour it will Be to this Corpon 
tion to have so Worthy a Person a Member Thereo 
Ordered That he Be Presented with the Freedom c 
this Corporation, with the seal thereto, Enclosed in 
Gold Box with the City Arms Engraved on the Li< 
Thereof ; These are Therefore to Certify and Declar 
that his said Excellency The Honourable Thoma 
Gage, is hereby Admitted Received and Allowed ; 
Freeman and Citizen of the said City ; To have hol< 
Enjoy and Partake of all the Benefitts, Liberties, Privi 
lidges, franchises, freedoms and Immunities What 
soever Granted or Belonging to the same City. Ii 
Testimony Whereof the said Mayor, Aldermen an< 
Commonalty have Caused the seal of the said City ti 
Be hereunto Affixed the Fourteenth Day of Novem 
ber in the Sixth year of the Reign of our Sovereigi 
Lord George the Third, By the Grace of God o 
Great Britain France & Ireland King, Defender o 
the faith and so forth, and in the Year of our Lon 
one Thousand Seven hundred and Sixty five. 

By order of the Common Council 

Augustus Van Cortlandt Cllc 

Its Ordered By this Board, that the same Be hanc 
somly Engrossed on Parchment, and the seal of thi 
Corporation Affixed thereto, to be Enclosed in a Gol 
Box, with the City Arms Engraved thereon. 

At a Common Council May 20th. 1773. 

The Mayor communicated to this Board that Gene 
ral Gage, intends shortly to leave this province fo 
Europe, and that as his conduct had been Generall 



APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, 1773. 553 

approved of by the Inhabitants of this City, therefore 
proposed that this Board should address him and at 
the same time, prefer him with the Freedom of this 
Corporation, the Seal whereof to be Enclosed in a 
Gold Box. 

This Board therefore Agreeing in Sentiment with 
Mr. Mayor, Ordered that an Address and Freedom 
be prepared Accordingly. 

At a Common Council held June 4th. 1773. 

M"^ Mayor Produced to this Board, the draft of an 
address to his Excellency the Honourable Thomas 
Gage, Lieutenant General in his Majestys army & Com- 
mander in Chief of all his forces in North America, 
on his Departure from this Province to Europe, which 
was Read, and is in the words following. 

To his Excellency the Honourable Thomas Gage, 
Lieutenant General in his Majestys Army & 
Commander in Chief of his Majestys Forces in 
North America. 

The Address of the Mayor, Aldermen, & Com- 
monalty of the City of New York. 

We should do Violence to the Grateful Feelings 
of the Citizens of New York, of every Rank, if we 
omitted in taking Leave of your Excellency, to Ex- 
press their Grief at the Deparature of an Inhabitant, 
whose Residence here has done Honour to our City, 
and of whose Politeness and Benevolence we have 
had Abundant Experience. 

It would be painful to you. Sir, and on some joyful 
Occasion, it will be more Agreeable to us, to recount 
the most Signal Instances of your Favour to this 
Community ; permit us nevertheless to remark that 
your's was the Arduous Task to command an Army, 
in that critical Hour, when the several Branches of 
the Empire, rent by unnatural Discords, seemed to 



554 APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, 1773* 

be upon the point of Dissolving the Union to wi 
they owe their Safety their Glory and their ha 
ness ; and your's was the Honour to direct in \ 
Storm, not only with Wisdom and Firmness, but \ 
that Magnanimity and Prudence, so happily sui 
to the Exigencies of the Times, and with that Af 
tionate Tenderness to the true Interest of the Pub 
which never fails to Add more Lustre to the chara< 
of a General, than can be derived from all the sp] 
did Exploits of Arms. 

In the Name of a City, that has a high and j 
Sense of your distinguished Merit, and as a Memo 
of the Gratitude, and Affection of its Inhabitants, 
beg your Acceptance of this Box, and a Title to 
the Rights of a Citizen of New York ; and we m 
Ardently beseech the sovereign disposer of hun 
Affairs, ever to follow you and your family, with 
Smiles of a most indulgent Providence, 

And the same being approved of by this board, \ 
ordered to be Engrossed — and at the same time i 
draft of a Freedom to be preferred to his said Ex< 
lency was also Read and agreed to by this Board, 

Ordered by this Board that the same be handsor 
Engrossed on parchment, and the Seal of this Cor] 
ration Affixed thereto, to be Enclosed in a Gold I 
with the City arms Engraved thereon. 

At a Common Council held June 7th. i773- 

The Engrossed address to his Excellency the H 
ourable Thomas Gage, Lieutenant General in 
Majestys Army and Commander in Chief of all 
Majestys forces in North America, was Read s 
agreed to. 

Ordered that the same be Signed by Mr. May 
and the same being Signed accordingly this Boa 
did thereupon Wait on his said Excellency with 
said address, as also with the Freedom of this Cor 
ration, the Seal of the said Corporation being Enclo 



APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, 1 773- 555 

in a Gold Box and annexed thereto, which they pre- 
sented to his said Excellency, and thereupon his said 
Excellency made the following answer (Vizt.) 

To the Worshipful the Mayor, Aldermen, & Com- 
monalty of the City of New York, 

Gentlemen, 

Your very kind Address, at this Time of my De- 
parture, gives me uncommon pleasure, and merits my 
warmest Acknowledgements. 

It has ever been my Ambition, as my Study, equally 
to promote the Interest of my King, and the welfare 
of his Subjects. I cannot therefore fail of being 
highly sensible of the honourable Testimony you are 
pleased to Give me of your Approbation of my Con- 
duct. 

I esteem myself highly honoured, by your enroll- 
ing my Name in the List of your Citizens and I ac- 
cept your present with gratitude, as a Memorial of 
your Affections, and as such i shall ever carefully pre- 
serve it. 

It is my Ardent Wish, that your City may increase 
& prosper & that its Inhabitants may continue a flour- 
ishing & happy people, to the End of Time. 

Ordered the Mayor Issue his Warrant to the Treas- 
urer of this City to pay to Otto Parisien, or order, the 
Sum of ;^30 : i6, for a Gold Box made by order of this 
Board, for Enclosing the City Seal, annexed to the 
Freedom, which the Corporation presented to General 
Gage this day. 

June 17th. 1773. A Warrant issued to Robert Hull 
for the sum of Sixty one pounds, ten Shillings and Six 
pence, in full of his account, for the Expence of Enter- 
taining General Gage. 

City Records 



4 



556 APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, 1 773- 

No. 97. 

At a Common Council held December 2d. 1773, 

Be it Ordained by the Mayor, Aldermen and Com 
monalty of the City of New York convened in Com 
mon Council, and it is hereby ordained by the Author 
ity of the same, that the following Laws and Ordinance 
of this Corporation be established, published and con 
tinned, and remain in full Force and Virtue for on< 
Year from and after the Date hereof, viz : 

No. 9. A Law relating to Freemen 

City Records 

No. ID. A Law relating to making Freemen. 

Be it Ordained by the Mayor, Aldermen and Com 
monalty of the City of New York, convened in Com 
mon Council, and it is hereby Ordained by the Author 
ity of the same. That all Persons hereafter to be made 
free of this Corporation Twho were not born within 
this City, or served a regular Apprentice ship of seven 
Years within the same) shall pay for the Freedom 
thereof as followeth, to wit. Every Merchant, Trader 
or Shoi>-Keeper, the Sum of Five Pounds, of cur- 
rent Money of this Colony, including the several Fees 
herein after-mentioned; and every Handicraft Trades- 
man, the Sum of Twenty Shillings, of like current 
Money, for the Use of this Corporation, with the cus- 
tomary Fees on being made Free. That is to say. Six 
Shillings to the Mayor, Seven Shillings and Six Pence 
to the Clerk, and One Shilling to the Cryer and Bell- 
ringer of the Mayor's Court ; and that every Person 
hereafter to be made Free of this City, that was born, 
or served Apprentice ship within the same, shall pay 
for being sworn a Freeman and registered, and a Certi- 
ficate, the Sum of Six-Shillings to the Mayor, Seven 
Shillings and Six pence to the Clerk, and One Shilling 
to the Cryer and Bell-ringer of the Mayor's Court, 



APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, 1774. 557 

II. And be it further Ordained by the Authority 
aforesaid, That any Person hereafter to be made Free 
of this City, shall take the following Oath before the 
Mayor, Deputy-Mayor, and any Four or more of the 
Aldermen, (to wit.) 

Ye do swear. That ye shall be good and true to our 
Soverign Lord King George the Third, and to the 
Heirs of our said Sovereign Lord the King, obeisant 
and obedient shall ye be to the Mayor and Ministers 
of this City; the Franchises and Customs thereof: Ye 
shall maintain, and this City keep Harmless, in that 
which in you is : Ye shall be contributing to all Man- 
ner of Charges within this City, as Summons, Watches, 
Contributions, Taxes, Tollages, Lot and Scot, and all 
other Charges, bearing your Part as a Freeman ought 
to do : Ye shall know of no Gatherings, Conventicles, 
or Conspiracies made against the King's Peace, but 
you shall warn the Mayor thereof, or let it, to your 
Power. All these Points and Articles ye shall well 
and truly keep, according to the Laws and Customs 
of this City. So help you God. 

Laws Statutes and Ordinances published December 2d, 1773. 

Printed by Hugh Ga/ne^ 1774. 



No. 98. 

At a Common Council held April 7th. 1774. 

Robert R. Livingston, Esqr., Signified to this board 
that he had Resigned his Commission of Recorder, 
and this Board being willing to demonstrate the 
Esteem and Regard they have for him, and a just 
Sense of his Merit, agree to Compliment him with 
the Freedom of this Corporation, 

City Records M 



558 APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, 1854. 



ADDENDUM TO FREEMAN, i854. 

At half past ten yesterday morning, Aldermen Blunt 
Hoffmeyer and Lord, and Councilmen Wild, Seeley and 
Hodgekinson, the Joint Committee of the Common 
Council appointed to tender to Capt. Robert Creighton, 
of the British ship Three Bells, the Freedom of the City, 
in accordance with the joint resolutions of the two 
Boards to this effect met at the Astor House, where they 
were received by Capt. Creighton. 

In the presence of a small company assembled, Alder- 
man Blunt, Chairman of the Committee, presented Capt. 
Creighton with the Freedom of the City in a gold box, 
and accompanied th^ presentation by the following 
address : 

Capt. R-obert Creighton — Sir : I am authorized by the 
Corporation of the City of New York to extend to you 
the Freedom of the City, together with a gold box as a 
testimonial of their regard for you. 

I might linger on the thrilling incidents connected 
with your fidelity to suffering humanity, from the 
moment you discovered the San Francisco until you had 
rescued from a watery grave, more than two hundred 
distracted beings. I might touchingly allude to your 
tears, from day to day, (as witnessed by your sailors,) 
because vou could not sooner relieve the unfortunate. 
I might speak of the fearful responsibility you assumed 
in violating the insurance of your ship and valuable 
cargo, by deviating from your specific course — of your 
personal perils amid the howling tempest — of the four- 
inch stream of water pouring in upon you, which caused 
both pumps to be constantly wrought before you dis- 
covered the wreck — of the disadvantaofe of four hundred 
tons of iron and large quantities of merchandise, in a 
ship of unly seven hundred tons burthen, of the loss oi 
every sail, before you saw the wreck, save your foresail 
and mainsail. I might dwell on these historical truths 



APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, 1 854. 559 

and on your affectionate regard for the rescued ; but I 
forbear. All this, and even more, is on every tongue 
and uttered around every fireside, and cannot be glori- 
fied by me. 

The contemplation of the good you have affected, will 
ever be a delightful solace to you, and your humanity 
will be a precious inheritance to your consanguity. The 
wives and children of those whose lives you have pre- 
served, will ever love you, and transmit your name to 
their farthest posterity. The mariners of every ocean 
will strive to imitate your meritorious example. The 
noble youth of our country will read of your heroic deeds, 
and resolve to cultivate your manly virtues. Little 
children already lisp your name in terms of praise* 
Tears of gratitude are freely shed for you by either sex ; 
and fervent prayers go up to Heaven from the habi- 
tations of all this land, that your valuable life may be 
long preserved, and that health, happiness and prosper- 
ity, may ever be your lot. 

And your name will be revered by coming genera- 
tions, when every being who beholds the sun of this day 
shall be a tenant of the tomb. 

To this address Capt. Creighton responded as follows : 
Gentlemen : I thank you sincerely for the testimonial 
of approbation you have given me in behalf of the Cor- 
poration of the City of New York, and I accept it with 
pleasurable emotions. I would I were worthier of the 
honor which you now bestow, and the other honors 
which have been forced upon me during my stay in your 
city. In the humble position which I occupied with re- 
spect to the survivors of the unfortunate San Francisco^ 
in whatever I have done I have performed nothing more 
than a humanitary duty — a duty which I feel that any 
man, animated by the common sympathies of human 
nature, would gladly have done under similar circum- 
stances. Gentlemen, I renew my thanks to you for the 
high honor you have conferred, and I feel that I would 
be wanting in gratitude did I not fully reciprocate the 
kindly wishes towards the city and citizens of Nfew 



56o APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, 1 854. 

York, which they have so generously expressed in 
behalf. 

The box presented was a massive gold one, of ab< 
three and a half inches in length, two and a half 
breadth at the centre, and an inch and a quarter 
height. It was richly ornamented with chaste woi 
Inside the cover of the box was engraved the followii 
words : 

•* Presented to Capt. Robert Creighton, by the Cor 
mon Council of the City of New York, with the Fre 
dom of the City, for his noble conduct in rescuing tl 
lives of the passengers and crew of the steamship Sc 
Francisco, which was shipwrecked in the Gulf Strear 
while bound from New York to San Francisco, Cal 
fornia, January, 1854." 

After the presentation, Capt, Creighton, accompanie 
by the Committee, entered a carriage, and was conveye 
to the Governor's room at the City Hall, where larg 
numbers of our citizens had assembled for the purpos 
of seeing and congratulating the man who had risked s 
much for humanity's sake in saving the survivors of tl: 
San Francisco. On the arrival of the carriage Cap 
Creighton was greeted with three cheers. He pn 
ceeded at once to the Governor's room, and within tl: 
space of an hour and a half over three thousand of 01 
citizens, including many ladies, shook the gallant captai 
warmly by the hand. He was frequently cheered durin 
the time. At half past twelve o'clock he returned, i 
company with the Committee, to the Astor House, 

At five o'clock a select company of gentlemen, most! 
members of the Common Council, met at the Ast< 
House to partake of a dinner tendered to Capt. Creig] 
ton. Councilman Wild presided. After the cloth ha 
been removed, Capt. Creighton, Capt. James P.Watkin 
and others were toasted and cheered. Among tho* 
who spoke were Councilmen Wild, Clancy, and Conove 
Aldermen Herrick and Drake, Mr. F. McDonald, t\ 
consignee of the Three Bells, Mr. Andrews, and other 

In the evening in accordance with an invitation e: 



APPENDIX TO FREEMEN, 1 854. 56 1 

tended by Mr. E. A. Marshall, manager of the Broad- 
way Theatre, Capt. Creighton, accompanied by the Com- 
mittee of the Common Council, attended the perform- 
ance at that popular place of amusement, where a 
private box had been fitted up for their reception. 

New York Daily Times, Jan, 27, 1854. 

Captain Creighton, the gallant commander, left the 
port at twelve o'clock yesterday, with the ship Three 
Bellsy for Glasgow. As the ship passed down the bay, 
she was saluted by a discharge of artillery from Fort 
Columbus, at Governor's island. 

New York Daily Times, Feb. 21, 1854. 
36 



+ 



•( 



i 



:* 



1 

I! 



IV. 



INDENTURES OF APPRENTICESHIP. 



Feb. 9th. 1694-5 ^o J^n- 29th. 1707-8. 



i I 



CITTY OF N. YORKE: 



INDENTURES OF APPRENTICESHIP, 



begun February ye 19**" 1694 and ends January ye 





29^ 


1707. 




INDEX. 




The original paging is preserved in brackets] 






Pawel 


Page 


Adderly, William . . 


75 


Cazall, John . . . 


114 


Bickley, William Jun"" 


9 


Darkins, Robert . . 


21 


Bickley, William Sen' 




DeKay, Jacob . . . 


34 


28, 44, 


129 


David, John . . . 


104 


Burling, Edward . . 








46, I3i> 


157 


Evertson, Wessell 


3 


Bawler, William . . 


^7 


Ellison, John . . . 


49 


Burger, Pieter . . . 


62 


Echt, William . . 


no 


Barbaric, John . . . 


70 






Bogaert, William . . 


91 


Farmer, Anthony . 1 7 


, 22 


Bassett, Michael 92, 


148 


Faneuil, Benjamin 


72 


Bussey, James . 123, 


128 










Gilliard, Christopher . 


135 


Chaigneau, Peter . . 


77 






Cooper, Caleb 


89 


Haywood, William 5i, 


109 


Crooke, John . . . 


47 


Hannien, Johannes . 


107 


Cosens, Barne . . . 


84 


Hoghlandt, Dirck 


126 



566 INDENTURES OF APPRENTICESHIP, 1 694. 



Page 

Horsewell, William . i5i 

Jackson, William . . 

47, 66, 136 

Kip. Abraham & Jesse 3 

Kidd, William ... 5 

King, Peter ... 48 

King, John .... 98 

Latham, Joseph . . 38 

Latham, Daniell . 61, 94 

Leconte, Francis . . 74 

Lucas, Augustus . . 100 



Phillips, Samuell 



81 



Melott, John Peterson 
Mills, James . . . 
Marston, Nathaniell 

n, 13; ii7» 
Mersereau, Daniell . 

Mason, Robert . . 

Matthews, Peter . . 

Manton, Phillip . . 

Many, John 2 Indent . 

Maude, A Negro 

woman 

Marques, Isaac Rod- 

riques 



2 
6 

141 
12 
29 

31 

52 

64 

96 

124 



Newkirke, Peter . . 15 
Nisbett, Robert . 54, 68 
Norwood, Benjamin . 138 

Penny, William &c. . 64 



Ratier, Jacob ... 79 
Roberts, Thomas 102, 116 
Rolland, John . . 154 

Skelton, Robt. . . 16 
Splinter, Abraham 24, 140 
Spencer, James . . 33 
Stoaks, Richard . . 58 
Sheppard, John . . 

86, 105, 150 
Schuyler, Brandt . . 87 
SolHce, Joshua . .133 
Stephens, John 144 to 148 
Swift, Henry . . .153 

Trevett, John ... 8 
Teneyck, Jacob . . i55 
Troop, John . 160, 161 

Viele, Cornelius . 19, 42 
Van Dam, Rip . . 25 
Vanderburgh, Dirck . 42 
Vandike, Francis . . 

112, 113, 114 
Valleau, Stephen . .121 
Vilant, David . . .127 
Vanderspiegel, Nicho- 



las 



143 



White, Peter . 38 to 41 
Waldron, Richard . . 59 
Waldron, Rutgert 100, 120 



INDENTURES OF APPRENTICESHIP, 1 694. 567 

This Indenture Wittnesseth, that Nicolas Auger Son 
of Nicolas Auger of y* Citty of New Yorke Joyner 
Aged tenn years or thereabouts with the Consent of 
his Parents & also of his own Free & Voluntary 
Will in the Presence of Charles Lodwick Esq'* Mayor 
of y* said Citty hath put himselfe Apprentice unto 
Wessell Evertson of y* Same Citty Cooper & y* Said 
Science or Trade of a Cooper which he the Said Wes- 
sell Evertson now Useth to be taught & with him 
after y* manner of An Apprentice to Dwell and Live 
from the day of the Date hereof unto the full End 
and Terme of Nine Years from thence next Ensuing 
by all which Terme of Nine Years the said Appren- 
ticeship the S"* Nicolas Auger well and truely shall 
Serve the Comandments of his Master LawfuU & 
honest Everywhere he shall Gladly doe no hurte to his 
Said Master he Shall not doe or Suffer to be done 
The Goods of his Said Master he Shall not Purloyn 
waste or Destroy nor them to any body lend att Dice 
or any other unlawful! Game he Shall not play 
whereby his Master may Incurrany hurte, Matrimony 
he Shall not Contract^ Taverns he Shall not frequent, 
from y* Service of his Said Master day or Night he 
shall not absent himselfe, but in all things as a good 
& faithfull Apprentice shall bear and behave himselfe, 
towards his Said Master and all his dureing the 
Terme aforesaid. And y* Said Wessell Evertson to 
Said Apprentice the Science [page 2] or Trade of a 
Cooper which he now useth Shall teach & Informe 
or Cause to be Taught & Informed the best way y^ he 
may or Can & also Shall finde to his Said Apprentice 
Apparell meate drinke & bedding & all other Nes- 
sessaries meet and Convenient for an Apprentice dur- 
ing the Terme Aforesaid & att y* Expiration of ye 
Said Terme to finde & Supply his Said Apprentice 
with two good & Sufficient Suits of wearing Apparell 
from head to foot. 

In Wittness whereof the Parties to these Present 
Indentures have Interchangeably Sett their hand<% 



568 INDENTURES OF APPRENTICESHIP, 1 695. 

& Seals the Nineteenth day of February in th 
Sixth year of their Majesties Reign Annoq Dom. 169 

his 
Nicolas X Auger, 
marke 

Sealed & Delivered in the Presence of 

Charles Lodwick, Mayor. 
Will. Sharpas. 



Entered the 21th. Feb. 1695. 

This Indenture Wittnesseth that I Cornelius Hen 
dricks now of y* Citty of New York Labourer doe o 
my own proper & Voluntary Accord binde myselfi 
Apprentice & Servant unto John Peterson Molet foi 
the terme & Space of five years viz^ from y* fifteentl 
day of April next In the year of our Lord one thousanc 
Six hundred Ninety and Six years untill the fifteentF 
day of April which will be in the year of our Lord one 
thousand Seaven hundred & one years to Serve the Saic 
John Peterson Molet his Heirs Executors Administrators 
& Assigns faithfully truely and honestly Dureing the 
Space of five Yeares to his trade and mystery of [page 
3] being A. Smith and that he shall not absent himselfe 
by Night or day from his said Masters Service without 
Leave but in all things faithfully and honestly Serve 
his said Master indureing the said Terme of years 
within y* Precincts of y*" Said Citty & County of New 
Yorke as a faithfull Apprentice ought to doe. In Con 
sideration whereof the Said John Peterson Molet dott 
binde & oblige himselfe his Heirs Executors & Admin- 
istrators to teach & Instruct the Said Cornelius Hen- 
dricks In the Art trade and Mystery of being a Smitt 
within the Terme & Space of y* years above Expressec 
& att the End & Expiration of y* aforesaid Years tc 
Give the Said Cornelius three pounds Currant Silvei 
Money of New Yorke & two New Suits of apparel 
one for holy days & the other for working days anc 



INDENTURES OF APPRENTICESHIP, 1 696. 569 

also to furnish the Said Cornelius Dureing the time of 
his Apprenticeship with meate Drinke Clothing wash- 
ing & Lodging as is Convenient and Suitable for an 
Apprentice to have. 

In Testimony whereof both parties have hereunto 
Interchangeably putt their hands And Seals att New 
Yorke y*" twentieth day of February & in y* Seaventh 
year of y* Reign of William the third over England &c. 
King & in the year of our Lord one thousand Six 
hundred Ninety and five years. 

his 
Cornelius X Hendricks. 

marke 

Signed Sealed & Delivered In the 

Presence of Will. Sharpas, 

David Vilant. 

Citty of New Yorke. Memorandum that on the 
twentieth day of February 1695 personally Came before 
me William Merrett Esq** Mayor of y* Citty of New 
Yorke the within Named Cornelius Hendricks & 
acknowledged the within Indenture of Apprenticeship 
to be his Voluntary Act & Deed. 

Will. Merrett. 



Entered ye 23d. July, 1696. 

This Indenture made y* twenty third day of July In 
y year of our Lord one thousand Six hundred & 
Ninety Six Between Bastian Congo a Free Negro man 
Aged twenty Seven years or thereabouts of the one 
parte & Abraham Kip & Jesse Kip both of the Citty 
of New Yorke Merchants of the other Parte Witt- 
nesseth [page 4] that the Said Bastian Congo for the 
Consideration of the Sum of Seaventeen Pounds fifteen 
Shilings of Currant Money of New Yorke to him In 
hand paid by the Said Abraham Kip and Jesse Kip 



570 INDENTURES OF APPRENTICESHIP, 1 696. 

before y* Ensealing & Delivery hereof the Rec 
whereof he doth hereby acknowledge of his Own 
and Voluntary Will hath put himselfe Apprentice t 
the Said Abraham Kip & Jesse Kip their Heirs . 
Assigns and with them the Said Abraham Kip ; 
Jesse Kip their Heirs or Assigns or some of them a 
the manner of an apprentice or Servant to Dwell i 
Serve from y* Day of the Date hereof untill the Eij 
teenth day of June next Ensueing he the Said Bast 
Congo being to Provide and furnish himselfe w 
Clothes and wearing Apparell Dureing the Said Ten 
And In Case the Said Abraham & Jesse Kip (att 
Request of the Said Bastian Congo Dureing the tim< 
his Said apprenticeship) Shall Supply him with Mor 
whereby to furnish him with Clothes or other Ness 
saries for which he may have occasion that then i 
Said Bastian Congo doth Covenant and Agree to c 
with the Said Abraham Kip and Jesse Kip their Hi 
and assigns that after the Expiration of the Ter 
abovesaid he the Said Bastian Conofo after the man 
of an Apprentice as aforesaid will Serve them the S 
Abraham Kip and Jesse Kip their Heirs and Assij 
att the Rate of thirty Shilings Permonth untill by 
Said Servitude he Shall fully Satisfie & Content 
Same, by all which Terme the Said Servitude c 
Apprenticeship the Said Bastian Congo well and tru 
Shall Serve the Commandmants of his Said Mast 
Lawfull and honest Everywhere he [page 5] SI 
gladly doe hurte to his Said Masters he Shall not < 
or Suffer to be done. Neither Shall he Purloyn wa 
or Destroy their goods or them to Any body lend f 
att any time absent himselfe from their Said Ser\ 
but in all things as a good & faithfull Apprentice 
Servant Shall bear & behave himselfe towards his S 
Masters and all theirs. Dureing the Terme Afores 
They the Said Abraham Kip and Jesse Kip finding 
their Said Apprentice meate Drinke and Lodg 
Dureinor his S^ Servitude. 

In Wittness whereof the Parties to these Pres 



INDENTURES OF APPRENTICESHIP, 1 696. 57 1 

Indentures Have Interchangeably Sett their hands & 
Seals the day and year first Above written. 

his 
Bastian X Congo, 
marke 
Sealed & Delivered In the Presence of 

Johannes Vonderheul. 
Will. Sharpas. 

Citty of New Yorke July 24^ 1696. Then Person- 
ally Came before me Brandt Schuyler Esq" one of his 
Majesties Justices of the Peace of the Said Citty the 
within Named Bastian Congo & Acknowledged the 
within Indenture to be his Voluntary Act and Deed. 

Brandt Schuyler. 

Citty New Yorke. 

This Indenture Wittnesseth that Elizabeth Morris 
Now att Present of y* Citty of New Yorke Spinster as 
well for And In Consideration of her Passage on board 
the Barquentine Called the Antegua (Capt William 
Kidd late Owner) in the late Voyage from the King- 
dom of England to this porte of New Yorke as also 
for other good Causes and Considerations her there- 
unto Moveing Hath and by these Presents doth binde 
her selfe A Servant unto the Said Cap^ William Kidd 
and to live with him after the manner of a Servant and 
with his Executors Administrators or Assigns for and 
[page 6] Dureing the full Terme and Space of four 
years to Commence from the fourteenth day of July 
last past being the day of her Arrival here from the 
Kingdom of England In the Aforesaid Barquentine 
And the Said Elizabeth doth hereby Promise and 
oblige her selfe Dureing the said Terme faithfully Care- 
fully and honestly to Serve the Said William Kidd his 
Executors Administrators or Assigns as a good and 
honest Servant ought to doe. And dureing which Said 
time the Said William Kidd doth hereby binde and 
Oblige himselfe his Executors Administrators and as- 



572 INDENTURES OF APPRENTICESHIP, 1696. 

Signs to finde and Provide for her the Said HHzabc 
Nessessary and Competent meat Drinke washing* loo 
ing and apparell and Imploy her In honest and Cc 
venient Labour Dureing the S** Terme and att t 
Expiration thereof Shall give unto her Double appar 
In Wittness whereof the S^ Parties have hereun 
Interchangeably Sett their hands & Seals att Nc 
Yorke this Nineteenth day of August In the year 
our Lord one thousand Six hundred & Ninety S 
Annoq. RRe Will tertii None. Angl. &c., octavo. 

her 
Elizabeth X Morris, 
marke 
Sealed and Delivered in the Presence of. 

Will. Merrett, Mayor. 
Ja : Emott. 

- — 

[page 7] Recorded for James Mills 

Indenture of James Dyre (Son of Major Willia 
Dyre, Gent, Deceased) with Express Consent of W 
Ham Dyre, his eldest brother, to James Mills, Merchai 
from date hereof, for seven years. 

Signed in presence of John Clapp, Aug. Graham 
October 22d. 1696. Acknowledged before Wi 
Merrett, Mayor. 

[page 8] Indenture of Richard Bedford, aged 18, 
John Trevett, Marriner, for four years from da 
hereof. 
Signed in presence of Geo. Rescarrich, Will. Sharps 

October 24th. 1696. Acknowledged before Robe 

Darkins, Justice of y* Peace. 



[page 9] Recorded for William Bickley Jun', The thi 
tieth day of October, Anno. Dom. 1696. 

** This Indenture Wittnesseth that Robert Tomsc 



INDENTURES OF APPRENTICESHIP, 1 697. 573 

Aged fifteen years or thereabouts hath bound himselfe 
by Indenture to Serve Ellis Lightwood late of New 
Yorke Gen' & his Heirs & Assigns After y* manner of 
A Servant for the Space & Terme of Eight years, And 
Whereas the Said Ellis Lightwood did Committ ye 
Said Robert Tomson to the Care of Edward Courte 
of New Yorke Aforesaid Vintner to Dispose of as he 
Shall See Convenient Now Know Yee that the Said 
Robert Tomson for and in Consideration of the Sum of 
Pounds Currant Money of New Yorke aforesaid 
to him the said Edward Courte in hand paid att & 
before y* Ensealing & Delivery of these Presents by 
William Bickley of New Yorke Aforesaid Cordwainer 
or Ropemaker of his own free and Voluntary will hath 
put himselfe Apprentice unto the Said William Bickley 
and the Said Science or Trade of a Cordwainer or 
Ropemaker which he the Said William Bickley now 
Useth to be taught," etc — for seven years from date 
hereof. 

Signed in presence of John Bosford, 

Will. Sharpas, 

September 26th, 1696. 

Ackowledged before 

Will. Merrett. 



[page 11] Recorded for Mr. Nathaniel Marston. 

Indenture of Ambrose Upton, with Consent of his 
Mother, Margaret Langly, to Nathaniell Marston, as 
an Apprentice (Occupation not given) for 8 years from 
date (January 12th, 1697.) 

Signed in Presence of Robert Skelton, Gustavus 
Home. 

[page 12] Recorded for Daniell Mersereau, y* loth. 
day of July, 1697. 

Indenture of S.tephen Susso, son of Gabriell Susso, 



574 INDENTURES OF APPRENTICESHIP, 1 697. 

With consent of his father, to Daniell Mersereau, Taylor, 
for Seven years from date. 

his 
Signed July 9th. 1697. Stephen X Sussoo, Gabri- 
ell his marke 

X Sussoo. 
marke 

In presence of Jno. Basford, Peter Gernais. 
Bound before William Merrett Esq" Mayor &c. 

Marginal Note. — 1697, October 21* this day the 
said Daniel Mercerau & Stephen Susso Came into the 
office & desired this Indenture of Apprenticeship & 
Every Article therein Contained to be Cancelled & 
made Null & Voide. 

Will. Sharpas, Clerk. 

Note. — ^This indenture provides that the master shall, 
in addition to other matters, cause the apprentice to be 
instructed in '* Reading and writing if the Same Shall 
be obtained in the Terme of Two Years." 



Recorded for Nathaniel Marston, ye 24th. day of 
August, 1697. 

[page 13] This Indenture Wittnesseth that Nathaniel 
Lynus by and with the Consent of his Parents hath put 
himselfe and by these Presents doth Voluntarily and of 
his own free will and Accord put himselfe Apprentice 
to Nathaniel "Marston of New Yorke Barber to learn 
his Art Trade or Mystery and after the manner of An 
Apprentice to Serve from y* Date hereof till the full 
Terme of Seaven Years be Compleat and Ended Dur- 
ing all which Terme the Said Apprentice his Said 
Master Nathaniel Marston and Mistriss Margarett Mar- 
ston faithfully Shall Serve his Secretts keep his LawfuU 
Commands Gladly Everywhere obey he Shall do no 



INDENTURES OF APPRENTICESHIP, 1697. 575 

Damage to his Said Master Nor See it to be done by 
others without letting or Giving Notice thereof to his 
Said Master he Shall not waste his Said Masters goods 
nor lend them Unlawfully to Any he Shall not Committ 
Fornication Nor Contract Matrimony within the Said 
Terme ; Att Cards Dice or any other unlawfuU Game 
he shall not play whereby his Said Master may have 
Damage with his own goods Nor the Goods of others 
During the Said Terme without Lycense from his Said 
Master he Shall Neither buy nor Sell he Shall not 
absent himselfe Day nor Night from his Masters Ser- 
vice without his Leave. Nor haunt Ale houses Tav- 
erns or Playhouses but in all things as a faithfull 
Apprentice he shall behave himselfe towards his Said 
Master and all his During the Said Terme. And the 
said Master his Said Apprentice in the Same Art which 
he Useth by the best means that he Can Shall teach or 
Cause to be taught and Instructed finding unto him 
meat Drinke, Apparell Lodging and washing fitting 
for an Apprentice During the Said Terme. And for 
the true Performance of all and Every of the Said Cov- 
enants and Agreements Either of the Said Parties 
binde themselves unto the other. 

In Wittness whereof they have Interchangeably put 
their hands and Seals this Nineteenth day of August in 
the Ninth Year of the Reign of our Soveraign Lord 
William the third by the Grace of God King of Eng- 
land Scotland France and Ireland &c : Annoq Dom. 
1697. 

Nathaniel Lynus 

Signed Sealed and Delivered in the Presence of us 

William White. 

the marke of x Damascus White, 

Jno. Basford. 

The above Named Nathaniel Lynus was bound 
before me the Day and Year last Abovesaid. 



576 INDENTURES OF APPRENTICESHIP, 1 697. 

[page 1 5] Recorded for Peter Newkirke, the i6th, 
of October, Anno. Dom. 1697. 

Indenture of Helie Cocq to Peter Newkirke, Si 
maker, for seven years from date. 

Signed in presence of, Thomas Burroughs, D. J 
treau. 

September 23d. 1697. Acknowledged before Ro 
Darkins, Justice of the Peace. 



[page 16] Recorded for Robert Skelton, Taylor, 
1 8th. day of November, 1697. 

Indenture of Richard Rey, son of John Rey, ^ 
consent of Gustavus Home, his father in law, to R 
ert Skelton, Taylor, for six years from date. 

Signed, December 4th, 1696. Richard Ray 

In presence of Robert Hawkins, Gustavus Ho; 
Wm Huddleston. 

Acknowledged, November i8th, 1697. before 

Will. Merrett, Mayoi 



[page 1 7] Recorded for Anthony Farmer, the 9th. 
of December. 1697. 

This Indenture Wittnesseth that Walter Hop 
Aged thirteen Years or thereabouts by & with 
Consent of John Edmiston Commander of the Pri 
Elizabeth of Barvvick upon Tweed Now Riding in 
Harbour of New Yorke to whose Charge he was 
his Parents Committed hath for and in Consideratioi 
the Sum of thirteen pounds Curr' Money of New Y 
to him the said John Edmiston in hand paid att : 
before the Ensealing and Delivery of these Presents 
Daniell Plowman Commander of the Sloop Ann r 
Riding in the Harbour aforesaid as well as of his c 
free and Voluntary will put himselfe Apprentice u 



INDENTURES OF APPRENTICESHIP, 1 698. 577 

r 

the said Daniell Plowman, etc. " the said Apprentice or 
Servant " to serve for seven years from date. 

Signed, May 19th, 1693. Walter Hoper, John 
Edmeston. 

In the presence of Matthew Plowman, Will. Sharpas. 

New Yorke ye 22d. of May, 1693. 
Memorandum, then Appeared before me Abraham 
D : Peyster Esq' Mayor of the Citty of New Yorke the 
above written John Edmeston and Walter Hopper and 
Acknowledged the Above written Indenture to be their 
A/oluntary Act and Deed to the use Above Mentioned. 

A : D : Peyster, Mayor. 

I underwritten doe Acknowledge to have made Over 
a boy by Name Walter Hooper Unto Mr. Anthony 
Farmer for y^ Sum of thirteen pound in hand Received 
as Witness my hand this twenty sixth day of May one 
thousand Six hundred Ninety three. 

Dan : Plowman. 

Witness Math. Plowman, Tho* Coker. 



[page 19] Recorded for Mr. Cornelius Viele, y* 12th. 
day of August, Anno. Dom. 1698. 

Indenture of Lewis Peeck, son of Jacob Peeck of Scha- 
nectade, yeoman, to Cornelius Viele, Chirurgeon, for 
four years from June i6th. 1698. 

Dated June i6th. 1698. Signed in presence of Dau- 
see Arkins, G. Bonnin. 

Acknowledged August 9th. 1698, before Will. Merrett. 



[page 21] Recorded for Capt. Robert Darkins, y* 17th. 
day of August, Anno. 1698. 

Indenture of Arnold Crooke, son of John Crooke, 

37 



578 INDENTURES OF APPRENTICESHIP, 1 698. 

Cooper, to Capt. Robert Darkins, Marriner, for four 
years from date, August 17th. 1698. 

Signed in presence of, J no. Crooke, John Sheappard, 
Jos. Cealis, John Rodman Jr. 

Acknowledged before Will. Merrett, Mayor 



[page 22] Recorded for Mr. Anthony Farmer, y* i7tL 
day of December, Anno. Dom. 1698. 

Indenture, dated May i5th. 1693, of Frances Cham- 
pion, daughter of Frances Champion, with consent of 
Mother, to Anthony Farmer and Elizabeth Farmer, his 
wife, as an apprentice and servant, for nine years from 
date. Said Master and Mistress in addition to other 
Matters *• to Instruct the said Frances to Reade and to 
teach and Instruct her in Spining, Sewing, Knitting or 
any other manner of housewifery " etc. 

Signed in the presence of Frances Champion, Jno. 
Eldridge, Jno. Basford. 

Acknowledged, December 17th. 1698, before 

Jacobus V : Cortlandt, Esq^ Alderman. 



[page 24] Recorded for Abraham Splinter, the third 
day of January, Anno. Dom. 1698. 

Indenture of William Evans, aged 14 years, to Abra- 
ham Splinter, Cordwainor, Tanner and Currier, for five 
and a half years from date. 

Signed in presence of [No Names entered.] 

January 2d. 1698. 

To which is added. 

Memorandum that the said Abraham Splinter at the 
Expiration of the Above Apprenticeship is to finde and 
Provide to the Said William Evans two New Suits of 
Apparell one of Broad Cloath & one of Stuffer Searge 
Six Shirts Six Neckcloaths three paire of Stockings two 



INDENTURES OF APPRENTICESHIP, 1699. 579 

pair of Shoes & two hatts and to allow y* Said Appren- 
tice Convenient time to learn to write and Read and to 
Cypher as far as the Rule of three 

William Evens. 
Jacobus Van Cortlandt, Alderman. Will. Sharpas. 



[page 25] Recorded for Mr. Rip Van Dam, the twenty 
Ninth day of April, Anno. 1699. 

Indenture of John Reade, son of Lawrence Reade, 
Merchant, with consent of his father to Rip Van Dam, 
Merchant, for seven years from March 25th. 1699. Con- 
tains the usual provisions with the following added : 

** And the Said Rip Van Dam doth Covenant prom- 
ise and Agree to and with the Said John Reade that 
Dureing the last Year of the above Mentioned Appren- 
ticeship the Said Rip Van Dam Shall Occupy & Imploy 
the Said Apprentice in business and Matters of Mer- 
chandize in parts beyond the Seas and att the Expira- 
tion of the Said Apprenticeship Shall pay or Cause to 
be [paid] unto his Said Apprentice the Sum of twenty 
five pounds Currant Money of New Yorke in Consider- 
ation of his Said Service. And it is further Covenanted 
between y^ parties Aforesaid that in Case itt Should 
Soe happen that y* Said Rip Van Dam Should dye 
Dureing the Said Apprenticeship the Said Apprentice is 
to Serve & Assist the Widow of the Said Rip Van 
Dam for y"" Terme of Six Months after the Decease of 
the Said Rip Van Dam in the Said Art, Trade or Mys- 
tery of Merchandize (Provided his Apprenticeship in all 
exceed not the Terme of Seaven Years) And then 
these Indentures to be Utterly Voide & of None Effect 
Any thing before Mentioned to y^ Contrary Notwith- 
standing." 

Signed, April 29th. 1699, John Reade, Lawrence 
Reade. 

In the presence of Will. Morris, Tho: Howarden, 
Will. Sharpas. 



580 INDENTURES OF APPRENTICESHIP, 1 699. 

Mem that y* day & Year last within written the 
within Named John Reade personally Appeared before 
me Thomas Wenham Esq" one of the Aldermen of the 
Citty of New Yorke & Acknowledged y^ within written 
Indenture to be his Voluntary Act & Deed & also att 
tht Same time the within Named Lawrence Reade 
Acknowledged y^ he Did the Same with his Consent & 
Good Liking. 

Tho : Wenham. 

[page 28] Recorded for William Bickley, y* 17th. day 
of July, Anno. Dom. 1699. 

Indenture of Thomas Lance, with Consent of his 
mother, to William Bickley, SenS Shop keeper, and 
Susannah, his wife, for five years from date, with the 
usual conditions, and 

** Itt is further agreed unto by and between the S^ 
parties that in Case of the Decease of the S"" William 
Bickley within the time Above Limited the S** William 
Bickley Shall Assign and make Over the Reversion of 
his time on the S"^ Lance unto no Other man but unto 
his Son Abraham Bickley." 

Signed May 2 2d. 1699, in the presence of John Rod- 
man, John Dewilde, William Bickley Junr. 

Acknowledged May 23d, 1699, before Steven V: 
Cortlandt, Justice of the Supreme Court. 



[page 29] Recorded for Robt. Mason, July 17th. 1699. 

Indenture of John Macgregory, aged 12 years with 
consent of his relations, to Robert Mason, Cordwainer, 
for seven years from date. 

Signed May 6th. 1699, in the presence of. Jacob 
Swan, Will Sharpas. 

Acknowledged same day by John Macgregory and 
by his sister Katherine Evans, his nearest relation to be 
by her Consent, before J. V : Cortlandt. 



INDENTURES OF APPRENTICESHIP, 1 699. 58 1 

To which is added, Mem. that the Said Robert Mason 
Shall teach the S"" apprentice to Read and write. 



[page 31] Recorded for Capt. Peter Matthews, the 17th. 
day of July, Anno. Dom. 1699. 

Indenture of Sarah Baker, Daughter of Marietta 
Damean, a free Indian Woman, with the Consent of her 
Mother, to Capt. Peter Matthews Gent, & Bridgett, his 
wife, as a Servant for seven years from date, with usual 
covenants. 

**And also shall teach or Cause to be taught & 
Instructed the Said Apprentice to Read the English 
tongue and to worke plain worke And att the Expira- 
tion of. the S** Terme to Give and Supply to their Said 
Apprentice two good Suits of Apparell. Provided all- 
ways that the Said Apprentice Shall not be Obliged to 
her Apprenticeship or any parte thereof out of the 
Province of New Yorke without the Consent of her S"" 
Mother. Any thing Above Mentioned to the Contrary 
Notwithstanding. 

Signed &c. May 5th. 1699. 

her 
Sarah X Baker 
marke 
her 
Marietta X Damean 
marke 
In the presence of K. V. Renslaer, Will Sharpas. 
Acknowledged before Jacobus V : Cortlandt Esq^ 
Alderman. 



[page 33] Recorded for James Spence, Marriner, the 
4th. day of December, Anno. 1699. 

Indenture of William Willson, son of Ann Boing to 
James Spencer, Marriner, for 8 years from November 
20th. 1699, with usual conditions. Also that the Mas- 



582 INDENTURES OF APPRENTICESHIP, 1699, 

ter '* Att the Expiration of the S"" Terme Shall Give or 
Cause to be Given unto his Said Apprentice two New 
Suits of Apparell both of Lining & wooling & One 
Quadrant and Calendar & Forestaff and Epitome," 

Signed November 20th. 1699, ^^ th^ presence of 
Thomas Carroll, Tho. Adams. 

Acknowledged by Willson, and consented to by his 
mother, November 24th. 1699, before J. V. Cortlandt. 



[page 34] Recorded for Mr. Jacob Dekey, the 4th. day 
of December, 1699. 

Indenture of Richard Buckmaster, aged 14 years. 
with consent of his parents, to Jacob Dekey, Baker 
and Bolter, for six years from date. Usual form. 

Signed September 7th. 1699. by Richard Buckmas- 
ter, Elizabeth Buckmaster. 

In the presence of Rich"^ Willett, Will. Sharpas. 

Acknowledged before J. V. Cortlandt. 



[page 36] Recorded for Joseph Latham & Jane his 
wife, y"" 4th. December Anno. Dom. 1699. 

Indenture of Hannah Buckmaster, aged 12 years, 
with the consent of her Mother, to Joseph Latham, 
Shipwright, and Jane, his wife, Seamstriss and Manto 
Maker, for five years from date. Said Hannah to be 
taught *' to make Mantos, Pettycoats, Sew and marke 
plain worke " etc, With usual Conditions and proviso 
that in case of the death of Jane Latham these Indent- 
ures shall be void. 

Signed October 9th. 1699, by Hannah Buckmaster, 
Eliz^ Baldrydg. 

In the presence of, Eh'zabeth Farmer, Will. Sharpas. 

Acknowled before J. V. Cortlandt. 



INDENTURES OF APPRENTICESHIP, 1 699. 583 

[page 38] Recorded for Peter White, y* 4th. day of 
December, Anno. Dom. 1699. 

Indenture of Mary Buckmaster, aged 13 years, with 
tlie Consent of her Mother, to Peter White, Joyner, and 
Catherine, his wife, Taylor woman, for four years from 
date, With usual conditions and proviso that in case 
of the death of Catherine White these Indentures shall 
be null and void. 

Signed October 9th. 1699, by Mary Buckmaster, Eliz* 
Baldrydg. 

In the presence of, Adam Baldrydg, Margrette Dun- 
can. 

Acknowledged before J. V. Cortlandt. 



[page 39] Recorded y^4th. of December, 1699, for Peter 
White. 

This Indenture made ye Ninth day of January 1699, 
Between Peter White, of New Yorke Joyner. of the 
One parte and Susannah Hochins, of Cove Neck in the 
Bounds of Hempstead, on the Island of Nassau, on the 
Other parte Witnesseth Viz', that the Said Susannah 
Hochins, doth by these presents put and binde her Son 
Thomas Hochins, now of the age of thirteen Years amd 
a halfe, An Apprentice to the Aforesaid Peter White 
his Heirs or Assigns," etc. for Seven and a half years 
from date, with usual Covenants, also that the Master 
shall teach Thomas to write and read English and 
shall on the Expiration of the Apprenticeship give him 
'* two Suits of Apparell & a Sett of Tools. 

Signed, by Tho. Hutchins, Susannah Hutchins, P. 
White. 

In the presence of Tho. Hicks, Isack Hicks, Mary 
Hicks. 

Acknowledged October 24th. 1699, before Brandt 
Schuyler. 



584 INDENTURES OF APPRENTICESHIP, 1 70C. 

[page 41] Recorded for Mr Dirck Vanderburg-h, Brick- 
layer. 

Indenture of Michael Jaenson, son of John Mynder- 
son, late of the Citty of New Yorke, to Dirck Vander- 
burgh, bricklayer for 4 years from January ist. 1695, 
with the consent of his Overseers. Usual form. 

Signed January 4th. 1695. Michael Jaenson. 

In the presence of. John Markeneer, Phillip Schuyler, 
Daniel Butts. 

To which is added the following : 

** New Yorke first day of March — ?? 

1700 

Then appeared before me Brandt Schuyler Esq^ 

Alderman of the citty of New Yorke, the within par- 

tyes Dirck Vanderburgh of Same place bricklayer, and 

Michael Jaenson his apprentice, and the S"* Dirck did 

acknowledg and confesse that the S^ Michael had 

well truly and faithfully Served the complete time of 

apprentiship with him lett him be registred. 

Brandt Schuyler. 

[page 42] Recorded for Cornelius Viele,y* 19th. day of 

March Anno. Dom. — — 

1700 

Jndenture of Gerrett Strudle alias Tompson, son of 
Gabriel Strudle alias Tompson, Inholder, with the con- 
sent of his father, to Cornells, Viele Chirurgeon, for five 
years from date hereof. In usual form except that the 
Master is only bound to feed and lodge the appren- 
tice and teach him his trade. 

Signed, March 17th. 1699. Gerrett Striddle. 

In the presence of Gabriel Tamson, Wm. Huddleston. 

'' Att a Courte of Record held att the Citty Hall of 

y^ Said Citty on Tuesday the 19th. day of March — z2 

1700 

The Within Indenture was Acknowledged in Open 



INDENTURES OF APPRENTICESHIP, I7OO. 585 

Courte by the within Named Gerrett Striddells, as his 
Voluntary Act and Deed. D. Provoost, Mayor. 



[page 44] Recorded for William Bickley, the 25th. day 
of March, 1700. 

Indenture of Thomas Richardson, with the consent 
of his late Master Roger Baker, to William Bickley, 
Shop keeper and Susannah his wife, their Heirs, Exec- 
utors, etc, for five years from date» with usual condi- 
tions, and further agreed that the said Thomas shall be 
employed ** in the works of Husbandry On a Farme and 
in Any Other Affairs that they or Either of them Shall 
think fitting to Imploy him about or their Occasions 
Shall at Any time Require *' etc. 

Signed, March 19th. 1700, by Thomas Richardson. 

In the presence of George Davison, Thomas Dyer, 
Henry Coleman. 

Acknowledged before Stephen Van Cortlandt, Justice 
of the Supreme Court. 



[page 46] Recorded for Edward Burling, the first day 
of June, Anno. Dom. 1700. 

Indenture of Thomas Sutton, aged 18 years, to 
Edward Burling, Carpenter, for three years from date, 
with usual conditions *' And att y* Expiration of the 
Terme Shall Give to his Said Apprentice a good S^tt 
of Carpenters Tools & Shall learn him to write Read & 
Cypher." 

Signed May 24th. 1700, Thomas Suton. 

In the presence of Jeremiah Tothill, Ebenezer Willson. 

Acknowledged before D. Provoost, Mayor. 



[page 47] Recorded for William Jackson, the 5th. day 
of July, Anno. Dom. 1700. 

This Indenture made the first day of October in the 
Year of Our Lord One thousand Six hundred & Ninety 
Eight Between William Jackson of the Citty of New 



586 INDENTURES OF APPRENTICESHIP, 1 7OO. 

York Cordwainer on the One parte and John Dunlop 
of the Same Citty on the Other parte. Witnesseth 
that the Said John Dunlop of his Own Vohmtary Will 
and Consent hath put and bounde himselfe an Appren- 
tice to the Said William Jackson and Hannah his wife 
their Heirs Executors Administrators or Assigns from 
the day of the Date hereof the Space of five Years fully 
to be Compleated and Ended During which Terme and 
time the Said John Dunlop his Said Master and Mis- 
triss well and faithfully Shall Serve their Secrets Shall 
keep their Commands Lawfull and honest Every where 
Shall Readily and Cheerfully Obey he Shall not waste 
or Imbezle the goods of his Said Master nor lend them 
to Any [one] without leave, from his Said Master, he 
Shall not Absent himselfe from his Masters Service by 
day or Night without leave Askt & Granted from his 
Said Master but as a faithfull Apprentice Shall he behave 
himselfe towards his Said Master and Mistriss and the 
Said William Jackson his Master Shall teach and Instruct 
or Cause to be taught and Instructed his Said Appren- 
tice in the best Method he Can in the Art or Trade 
which he professeth finding his Said Apprentice meat 
Drinke Washinor and lodorincr and Cloathinof fitt for an 
Apprentice and likewise his winters Schooling And 
Upon his faithfull Service And att the Expiration of his 
time Shall Receive two Suits of Cloathing One Suite to 
worke in the Other for Sundays. 

In Witness whereof the Said Parties have Inter- 
changeably sett their hands & Seals this first October 
Anno. Domini. 1698. John Dunlap. 

Signed Sealed Delivered in the presence of 

Robert Masson, 
Nathaniell Haire. 

New York June y*^ 24th. 1 700. Acknowledged before 
me D. Provoost, Mayor. 

[page 48] Recorded for Mr. Peter King, the 23d. 
day of August, Anno. Dom. 1700. 

This indenture made y*^ tenth day of July In y^ twelfth 



INDENTURES OF APPRENTICESHIP, 1 7OO. 587 

Year of the Reign of our Soveraign Lord William King 
of England &c : Annog : Dom. 1 700 Between Ann 
Indian Woman & Tom Indian Boy of the one parte 
and Peter King of the Citty and County of New Yorke 
Inholder of the Other parte. Witnesseth that the said 
Ann Indian Woman And Tom Indian Boy & her Son 
of her and his free Will [and] Accord before David Pro- 
voost Esq"^ MayorW the Citty of New Yorke hath by 
these presents put and binde themselves Servants to 
the said Peter King and Elizabeth his wife to Serve 
them or their Assigns for the Space of Seaven Years 
Next Ensueing the Date hereof She the Said Ann 
Indian Woman And the Said Tom Indian Boy for the 
Space of twenty one Years Next Ensueing the Date 
hereof fully to be Compleat & Ended by each of them 
for their Terme of Seaven Years and twenty One in all 
which Terme their Said Master and Mistriss & all his 
faithfully Shall Serve in all Such Lawfull Imploy and 
Service as from time to time Durin^f the Said Terme 
their Said Master and Mistriss Shall Sett them about 
According to the Laws and Customs of this Province. 
All the Children that Shall be borne of the body of his 
Said Servant Ann During y*^ Said Terme Shall Serve 
the Terme of twenty cne years unto the Said Peter 
King his Heirs and Assigns well and truely Shall Serve 
And the Said Master or his Assigns During the Said 
Terme. Shall finde and Provide Unto the Said Servant 
Sufficient Meat Drinke Apparell & Lodging fitting 
for Such Servants and for y*^ true performance of all 
and Every the Said Covenants and Agreements Either 
of the Said parties binde themselves Unto the Other 
by these presents, In Witness whereof they have Inter- 
changeably put their hands & Seals the day and Year 
first Above written &c : 

the 4- Marke of An Indian Woman. 

the D Marke ofThom the Son of the Abovesaid woman. 

Signed Sealed & Delivered in the presence of Joseph 
Bueno, Tho : Adams. 



588 INDENTURES OF APPRENTICESHIP, I700, 

New Yorke July y* loth. 1700, then appeared before 
me David Provoost Esq***, Mayor for the Citty & 
County of New Yorke, the within Named & bounden 
Ann Indian woman & Acknowledge this within Instru- 
ment to be her Voluntary Act & Deed and to Serve the 
within named Peter King or his Assigns for y® Space of 
Seaven Years from the day & the Date hereof also Thorn 
her Son to Serve the Said King in Manner and forme as 
abovesaid for Space of twenty and one Years & then to 
be Sett att his Liberty &c. 

D. Provoost, Mayor. 



[page 49] Recorded for Mr. John Ellison the fourth 
day of September Anno Dom. 1700. 

Indenture of Edward Attrell Son of Edward Attrell, 
Cutler, to John Ellison, Joyner, for twelve years and 
five months from date. Usual form. 

Signed July 9th. 1692 by Edward Atrell. 

In the presence of William Williams, John Finey, 
Luycas Schouten. 

Acknowledged September 4th. 1700. Brandt Schuy- 
ler, Alderman. 

[page 5i] Recorded for William Haywood the 14th. 
day of September Anno Dom. 1700. 

Indenture, dated February 21st. 1695, of John Birch, 
Son of Thomas Birch, lately of the Island of St. Helena, 
deceased, with the consent of his mother, the wife of 
Israel Hayles, Corporal on the said Island of St. Helena, 
to William Haywood, Carpenter or Ship Right, of the 
Ship Katherine of New York, for 7 years from date. 
Usual form. 

Signed by John Birch 

In the presence of, James Rider, Jasper Ene, John 
Vernon Secret. 

Acknowledged Sept. 14th. 1700, before Brandt Schuy- 
ler, Alderman. 



INDENTURES OF APPRENTICESHIP, 1 7OO. 589 

[page 52] Recorded for Phillip Manton the 30th. day of 
Sep'' 1700. 

Indenture of John Home, aged 14 years, son of 
Sarah Home, Widdow, with consent of his mother, to 
Phillip Manton, Wheel Wright, for 6 years from date, 
Usual form, John Home to be taught to '* Read and 
Write perfectly the English Tongue/' 

Signed Sept. 30th. 1700, by John Home. 

In the presence of Brandt Schuyler, Alderman Will. 
Sharpas. 
With following clause at end. 

•* Memorandum the Said Phillip Manton is to Give 
his Apprentice tools to worke with that are Nessessary 
att the Expiration of the Said Terme." 



[page 54] Recorded for Robert Nisbett and William 
Penny the i6th. day of October 1700. 

This Indenture Witnesseth that Richard Burch aged 
fifteen Years or thereabouts of his Own free and Volun- 
tary Will as well as by and with the Consent of his 
Mother Margery Hails Now Resident within the Citty 
of New Yorke before me Jacobus V. Cortlandt Esq'® 
one of the Aldermen of the Said Citty hath put him- 
selfe Apprentice Unto Robert Nisbett and William 
Penny of the Same place Taylors * * or the Survivor 
of them, etc for 7 years from August 12th. 1700. Usual 
conditions. 

Signed August 26th. 1700, by Richard Burch, 

Margery Hales. 

In the presence of Robert Mason, Will Sharpas. 

Acknowledged before J. V. Cortlandt. 



[page 55] Recorded for William Haywood the twenty 
Seaventh day of Nov^*" 1 700. 
Indenture of John Clarke, aged 17 years, with con- 



590 INDENTURES OF APPRENTICESHIP, I7OI. 

sent of his^ mother, Dorothy Clarke, of Staten Islar 
Widdow, to William Haywood, Shipwright for four yes 
from March ist. 1701. Usual form. 

Signed Nov. 26th. 1700 by John Clarke. 

In the presence of Joseph Arrowsmith, Will Sharp? 

Acknowledged before Nicolaes Rosevelt, Justice. 



[page 57] Recorded for William Bawler y*' 8th. day 
January Anno Dom. 1700. 

Indenture of Stephen Carter to William Bawlc 
Brewer, for four years from date. Usual conditior 
The Master ** also shall allow his Said Apprentice Rig 
pounds Currt Money of New Yorke for and towan 
Cloathing him Yearly During the Said Terme." 

Signed Dec. 2^ 1700, by Stephen Carter. 

In the presence of John Hutchins, Wm. Huddlesto 

Acknowledged January 7th. 1700 before J. V. Cor 
landt, Justice. 



[page 58] Recorded for Mr. Richard Stoaks the 8t 
day of January Anno Dom. 1700. 

Indenture of Mary Moore, aged 1 1 years with coi 
sent of her father and mother as apprentice to Richai 
Stoaks and Margarett his wife, for four years from dat 
Usual form. Said apprentice to be taught '* to Se 
Plaine worke and Read the English Tongue.' 

Signed December nth. 1700 by Mary Moore. 

In the presence of John Moore, Will Sharpas. 

Acknowledged before J. V. Cortlandt. 



[page 59] Recorded for Richard Waldron the 23 

day of January Anno Dom 1700 

Indenture of Thomas Norton, son of Thomas Norto 

Deceased, with the consent of his friends, to Richa 

Waldron, Blockmaker and Turner, for four years fro 



INDENTURES OF APPRENTICESHIP, I70I. 59I 

January 20th. 1700. Usual conditions. Said apprentice 
to have one quartei of a year's Schooling. 

Signed January 20th. 1700 by Thomas Norton. 

In the presence of Will. Gait, Tho: Adams. 

Acknowledged January 23d. 1700 before J. V. Cort- 
landt, Justice. 

[page 61] Recorded for Mr. Daniell Latham Ship- 
wright y*" 14th. day of February Anno Dom. 1700. 

Indenture of James Walton, to Daniell Latham, Ship- 
wright, for five years and eight months from date. 
Usual form. Apprentice to be instructed *'in reading 
and writing a good hand.'* 

Signed February 15th. 1700 by James Walton. 

In the presence of William Walton, Richard Crego, 
J no. Basford. 

Acknowledged February i5th. 1700 before Jacobus 
V. Cortlandt, Alderman. 

With proviso added that ** the Said Master is to Give 
unto his Said apprentice one adds and One Axe one 
Maule and one Saw." 



[page 62] Recorded for Peter Burger, the 17th. day of 
June Anno Dom. 1701. 
This Indenture made in New Yorke the nth. day of 
June 1 701 Wittnesseth that 1 William Pemberton, father 
in Law of Jonah Thomasson, being ten years of age, have 
made him A Prentice unto Pieter Burger for the time 
of Eight Years beginning the first of May 1701 and 
Ending the first of May 1709 in which time the Said 
Master promiseth to Learn to his Prentice the Coopers 
Trade for as much the Said Jonas Shall be able to per- 
ceive and to Maintain the Said Jonas with Cloths Vic- 
tualls Sewing washing and what he more Shall want 
and he Shall have Liberty to goe Six winters in the 
Night School that is to Say three Months in Every 
winter upon the Charge of his Master and att the Ex- 



592 INDENTURES OF APPRENTICESHIP, I7OI. 

piration of the time above S^ promiseth the Master to 
Give to Jonas a Sundays Cloth from head to foot above 
his dayly Cloths and four New Shirts four Neckcloths 
four handkerchiefs and Jonas Thomasse promiseth to 
Serve his Master as a good prentice in all Obedience 
and fidelity and to be Carefull to please him in all things 
which are Just and Lawful! 

Don in Wittness of the truth the day Month and Year 
as Above and have Signed this with our hands and 
Sealed with our Seals. 

This is the Marke of Wm. Pemberton, P, 
Sett with his Own hand 

Pieter Burger ' 
his 
Jonas X Thomas 
marke 
Sealed and Delivered in the presence of 

A. D. Lanoy, 
A. Keteltas. 
Memorand. that on the 17th. day of June Anno Dom 
1 701 personally Came before me Isaac D: Riemer Esq"^ 
Mayor of the Citty of New Yorke the above Named 
Jonas Thomas & acknowledged the above Indenture to 
be his Voluntary Act and Deed and the above Named 
William Pemberton Declared he Consented to the Same. 

I. D. Riemer, 

Mayor. 

[page 64] Recorded for James Many Marriner the 
fourth day of Sep^' 1701. 

Indenture of James Peat, son of Rene Peat, of East 
Jersey, Boateman, with the Consent of his father, to 
James Many, Marriner, for six years from date. 

Usual conditions. Signed May 3d. 170I; by James 
Peat. 

In the presence of Rene Peat, Augustus Grassett, 
Gousse Bonnin. 

Acknowledged September 3d. 1701, before J. V. Cort- 
landt. Justice. 



INDENTURES OF APPRENTICESHIP, I7OI. 593 

[page 65] Recorded for James Many Marriner the 
fourth day of September 1701 

Indenture of John Pridmore of East Jersey to James 
Many, Marriner, for six years from date. 

Usual conditions. Signed August 30th. 1701, by 
John Pridmore. 

In the presence of John Paget, Augustus Grassett. 

Acknowledged September 3d. 1701 before J. V. Cort- 
landt, Justice. 

[page 66] Recorded for William Jackson the Eight day 
of September Anno Dom. 1701. 

This Indenture Wittnesseth that Isaac Kip & Gerrett 
Viele Church Wardens and Overseers of the poor of 
the Citty of New Yorke by and with the Consent and 
Approbation of Isaac D: Riemer Esq' Mayor of the 
Said Citty Have by these presents placed and bound 
John Reade A poor fatherless and Motherless Child aged 
Eight Years and a halfe or thereabouts unto William 
ackson ** Cordwainer, his Heirs, etc., ** untill he the Said 
ohn Reade Shall Come to the full age of twenty years'* 
etc. 

Usual provisions. Also that the apprentice shall be 
taught ** perfectly to Reade and write the English 
tongue." 

Signed September 8th. 1 701, by I. D: Riemer, Mayor, 
Isaack Kip, G. Viele. 

In the presence of, G. Vaninborgh, Walt' Thong. 



[page 68] Recorded for Robert Nisbett the Eighth day 

of September Anno Dom. 1701. 

Indenture [Same form as page 66] of William Reade 

a poor fatherless and motherless child, aged five years, 

by Isaac Kip and Gerrett Viele Church Wardens and 

Overseers of the Poor, with the consent of Isaac D. 

Riemer, Esq^ Mayor, to Robert Nisbett, Taylor, ** untill 

he the Said William Reade Shall Come to the full age 

38 



594 INDENTURES OF APPRENTICESHIP, I/OI. 

of twenty one years According to the Statute in that 
Case made and Provided " etc. 

Usual provisions. As in preceding indenture appren- 
tice to be taught •* perfectly to Reade and write the Eng- 
lish tongue." 

Signed September 8th. 1701 by I. D: Riemer, Mayor, 
Isaack Kip, G. Viele. 

In the presence of G. Vaninborgh, Walt' Thong. 



[page 70] Recorded for Mr. John Barberie the loth. 
day of September Anno. 1701. 

*'This Indenture Wittnesseth that Oliver Schuyler 
Aged fifteen Years or thereabouts by & with the Con- 
sent & good liking of his father Brandt Schuyler of the 
Citty of New Yorke Merch* testifyed by his being A 
party hereto and by his Sealing & delivering of these 
presents before me Jacobus V. Cortlandt Esq' one of the 
aldermen of the Said Citty of New Yorke of his own 
ree and Voluntary will hath put himselfe Apprentice 
unto John Barbarie of New Yorke Aforesaid Mei chant" 
for six years from date, etc. In usual form except that 
the Master is only required to furnish ** meate and drinke 
Sufficient for an Apprentice for and during the Terme 
aforesaid." And a further condition is added, viz : 

*' And it is hereby Covenanted between the parties 
Abovesaid that the Said John Barbarie may att Such 
time as he Shall See Convenient during the Abovesaid 
Terme Occupy & Imploy the Said Apprentice in parts 
beyond the Seas or Elsewhere in Such business and 
Matters of Merchandize as he Shall think fitt and that 
the above Named Brandt Schuyler Shall furnish and 
provide for the Said Apprentice Sufficient Apparell 
Washing & Lodging during the Said Terme." 

Signed September 17th. 1701, by Oliver Schuyler, 
Brandt Schuyler. 

In the presence of J. V. Cortlandt, Alderman, Will. 
Sharpas. 



INDENTURES OF APPRENTICESHIP, I70I. 595 

[page 72] Recorded for Mr, Benjamin Faneuil the 2d, 
day of October Anno Dom. 1701 

Indenture [Similar in form to page 70] of Phillip 
Schuyler, aged 14 years, with consent, etc, of his father 
Arent Schuyler before Jacobus V. Cortlandt, Alderman, 
to Benjamin Faneuil Merchant for 6 years from date. 
The Master to furnish **meate drinke washing and 
Lodging" with proviso that Apprentice may be em- 
ployed ** in parts beyond the Seas and Elsewhere '* &c 
as in preceding Indenture, and that the father '* Arent 
Schuyler Shall furnish and Provide for the Said Appren- 
tice Sufficient Apparell of all Sorts during the Said 
Terme. 

Signed October 2d. 1701 by Pheylepu^ Schuiler, A. 
Schuyler. 

In the presence of J.V. Cortlandt, Alderman, Will. 
Sharpas 

[page 74] Recorded for Francis Leconte the 1 5th day 
of October Anno Dom. 1701 

Indenture of Andrew Mahan aged 14 years to Fran- 
cis Leconte, Baker, for seven years from date. 

Usual form. Signed November 12th, 1700. by 
Andrew Mehan. 

In the presence of Charles Ashfield, Will. Sharpas, 
Fra. Aldin. 

Acknowledged before J. V. Cortlandt, Alderman. 



[page 75] Recorded for William Adderly the 17th. day 
of October Anno Dom 1701 

Indenture of Benjamin Oldis aged 20 years with the 
consent of Simon Smith Chaplain to his Majesties Forces 
in the Province of New York to William Adderly for 
seven years from date. 

In usual form with following provisions included. 

**It is further agreed that this Indenture Shall be 
Void and of None Effect if the Said Master Shall Com- 



596 INDENTURES OF APPRENTICESHIP, I7OI. 

mand or Imploy the Said Apprentice to Labour att or 
follow any other Imploy but the Trade or Mystery of a 
hatter, * * * And itt is agreed present after the End of 
Said Terme the Said Apprentice Shall make and deliver 
att his own Cost and Charges to his Said Master four 
good Beaver hatts ** 

There is no provision that the Master shall supply the 
apprentice with any clothing on the expiration of the 
apprenticeship. 

Signed August 19th. 1696, by William Adderly, Ben- 
jamin Oldis. 

In the presence of Mich Christian. 

** Memorandum on y® 2 1 Haerpart Jacobson " 

Acknowledged Oct. i6th, 1701, before Thomas 
Noell, Mayor. 



[page 77'] Recorded for Peter Chaigneau the 2 2d. day 
of October 1701 

Indenture of Piere Traviere with consent of his 
mother Marie, widow of Peter Traviere to Peter Chaig- 
neau, Cooper, for four years from October 20th. 1701^ 

In usual form, except that there is no provision that 
the Master shall furnish clothing to the apprentice. 

Signed October 21st. 1701, by Piere Taviere. 

In the presence of Theodore LeRoy, Thomas Roberts. 

Acknowledged Oct. 22d. 1701, before Tho: Noell, 
Mayor. 

[page 79] Recorded for Mr. Jacob Ratier the 6th day 
of Nov^'' Anno 1701 

Indenture of John Moyne, son of Moses Le Moyne, 
deceased, with the consent of his mother, Jane Moyne, 
to Jacob Ratier Marriner, and his heirs, etc for 12 years 
from December 22d. 1701. 

Usual form. Signed, November 4th, 1701, by John 
Moyne. 

In the presence of Theodore Le Roy, John Masters. 



INDENTURES OF APPRENTICESHIP, I70I. 597 

[page 81] Recorded for Samuell Phillips, the i8th. 
day of November, Anno. Dom. 1701. 

Indenture of John Holdron, son of William Hol- 
dron, of Harlem, deceased, with the consent of his 
brother, Henry Waldron, to Samuell Phillips, Black- 
smith, for five years from date. 

In usual form, except that the Master further agrees 
to allow the Apprentice ** in the Evenings to goe to 
. School Each Winter to the End he may be taught to 
write and Read." 

Signed November 18th. 1701. by John Holdron. 

In the presence of Henry Holdron, William Hud- 
dleston, Barent Marteling. 

Acknowledged before T ho. Noell, Mayor. 



[page 82] Recorded for William.White, Jun*", the 21st. 
day of November, 1701. 

Indenture of Ephaim Pierson, son of Joseph Pier- 
son, of Southampton, on Nassau Island, Youman, to 
William White, Jun*", Feltmaker, for six years from 
November 20th. 1701. 

Usual conditions except that the Apprentice shall 
also ** be taught to write & learn Arithmetick. 

Signed, November 20th. 1701. by Ephraim Pierson. 

In the presence of J. Jansen, Tho. Adams. 

Acknowledged Nov. 21st. 1701, before Tho. Nol 
Mayor. 

[page 84] Recorded for Mr. Barne Cosens the 21st. 
November, Anno. Dom. 1701. ^ 

This Indenture made and Concluded on this Six 
and twentieth day of February Anno. Dom. 1699. And 
in the twelfth Year of the Reign of William the third 
King of England &c. Between John Stevens, Son of 
Richard Stevens, late of the Parish of St. Clements 
Deans in the County of Midd'x of the one part and 
John Cosans of the parish Aforesaid Gunmaker Act- 



598 INDENTURES OF APPRENTICESHIP, lyOl-l. 

ing for and on behalfe of his Son Barna Cosans of 
the Citty and Province of New Yorke in America Gen^ 
of the Other parte. Wittnesseth that the Said John 
Stevens by and with the Consent of his parents Wit- 
nesses to these presents doth promise with the first 
Opportunity of Shiping to Transporte himselfe for 
New Yorke Aforesaid where being Arrived Shall dur- 
ing the Space of Seaven Years to be accounted from 
the date hereof the said Barna Cosans well faithfully 
& truely Serve, etc " in usual form. 

** And the Said John Cosans on behalfe of the Said 
Barna Cosans doth Covenant and promise that he the 
Said Barna Cosans his said Apprentice in his Art and 
practice of A Lawyer or Attorney which he Now 
Useth Shall teach and Instruct," etc, in usual form. 

Signed February 26th. 1699, by John Stevens. 

In the presence of Sara Collingwood, Thomas Col- 
lingwood, Edmund Fuller, Jere. Jenkins. 

Acknowledged July 24th. 1700, before D. Provoost, 
Mayor. 

[page 86] Recorded for John Shepard, the third day 
of February i/Oi 2 

Indenture of Ann Skreen, aged 10 years, a poor 
fatherless and motherless child, with the consent of 
Rachel Graham, widow, to whose care she was left 
by her parents, deceased, before Thomas Noell, Esq" 
Mayor, to John Shepard, Cooper, and Mary, his wife, 
for 8 years from date. 

In usual form. Said apprentice to be taught house- 
wifery ; also ** to Read the English tongue." 

Signed February 3d. 1701, by Ann Skreen. 

In the presence of Tho. Noell, Mayor, Rachel Gra- 
ham, Will. Sharpas. 

[page 87] Recorded for Alderman Brandt Schuyler, 
the fifth day of February, Anno. Dom. 1701. 

This Indenture Wittnesseth that John Packer Jun' 
of the Citty of New Yorke Bricklayer for and in Con- 



INDENTURES OF APPRENTICESHIP, 17OI. * 599 

sideration of the Sum of twenty-five pounds Curr* 
Money of the Province of New Yorke to him in hand 
paid by Brandt Schuyler of the said Citty Merchant 
the Receipt whereof he doth hereby Acknowledge of 
his own free and Voluntary Will hath put and placed 
himselfe An Apprentice and Servant by these presents 
unto the Said Brandt Schuyler and his Assigns and 
as an Apprentice or Servant with him or them to 
dwell from the day of the date of these presents Untill 
the full Ende and Terme of two Years from thence 
Next Ensueing and fully to be Compleat and Ended 
by and during all which time and Terme the Said 
John Packer his Said Master or his Assigns well and 
faithfully Shall Serve in doing and performing all 
Such Bricklayers worke and any Other LawfuU busi- 
ness as the Said Brandt Schuyler or his Assigns Shall 
put him unto According to the best of his power 
knowledge & Ability and honestly and Obediently in 
all things Shall behave himselfe towards his Said 
Master or his Assigns during the said Terme. And 
the Said Brandt Schuyler hereby promiseth Covenant- 
eth and Agreeth to finde and Provide for the Said 
Apprentice & Servant Meate Drinke Apparell wash- 
ing and Lodging and all Other things meet and Con- 
venient for an Apprentice & Servant for and During 
the Terme aforesaid. In Wittness whereof the parties 
to these Indentures have Interchangeably put their 
hands and Seals the fifth day of February in the thir- 
teenth Year of the Reign of our Soveraign Lord King 
William the third Over England &c: Anno Dom 
One thousand Seaven hundred and one. 

John Packer 

Sealed & Delivered in the presence of Par. Par- 
myter, Edw. Antill. A. D: Riemer. 

Memorandum that the day And Year last above- 
said the above Named John Packer Acknowledged 
this Indenture of Apprenticeship to be his Voluntary 
Act and Deed. 

Coram me. 



600 INDENTURES OF APPRENTICESHIP, 1 702. 

[page 89] Recorded for Mr Caleb Cooper, the i6th. 
day of February Anno. Dom. 1 701/2 

Indenture of Thomas Hutton, aged iS years, with 
consent of his father in law Alexander Paxton, of 
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Merchant, and of his 
mother, the wife of said Alexander Paxton, before 
Thomas Noell, Esq", Mayor, to Caleb Cooper, Mer- 
chant, for six years from date. 

Usual conditions except that the Master shall fur- 
nish apparell during the last three years only of the 
Apprenticeship. 

Signed February i6th. 1701, by Thomas Hooton. 

In the presence of Thomas Noell, Mayor, Will. 
Sharpas. 

[page 90J Recorded on the 28th. day of April, Anno. 
Dom. 1702. 

Indenture of Jacob Coursen, son of John & Mettin* 
Coursen, with the consent of his parents, to William 
Bogaert, Turner, for six years from October 20th. 
1 70 1. 

Usual form, ** the father shall provide and pay for 
two winters Nights Scooling and his Said Master 
Shall Allow him two halfe winters Schooling." 

Signed October 20th. 1701, by Jan Corssen Jacob. 

*' In the presence of us Mem A f dof met rawao- 
ramyorak Hendrich Metslaer" 

Acknowledged April 28th. 1702, before Tho. Noell, 
Mayor. 

[page 92] Recorded for Mr. Michael Bassett, the i5th. 
day of May, Anno. Dom. 1 702. 

Indenture of Isaac Bedlow, son of Isaac Bedlow, 
deceased, to Michael Bassett, Marriner, for four years 
from May 13th. 1702. 

Usual conditions. Signed May 13th, 1702, by 
Isaac Bedlow. 



INDENTURES OF APPRENTICESHIP, I702. 60I 

In the presence of Thomas Roberts, Theodore Le 
Roy. 

Acknowledged May 14th. 1702, before Tho. Noell, 
Mayor. 

[page 94] Recorded for Daniell Latham, Shipwright, 
the 29th. day of May, Anno. 1 702. 

Indenture of Charles Sharpe, aged 16 years, with 
the consent of his mother, before Thomas Noell, 
Esq*^, Mayor, to Daniell Latham, Shipwright, for five 
and a half years from date. 

Usual form. Said apprentice shall also be taught 
** to write a Legeable hand And to Cypher " and re- 
ceive at the expiration of the term " one Ax one Ads 
A Saw And A Maul Such as Shipwrights Generally 



use. 



Signed May 29th. 1701, by Charles Sharpe. 

In the presence of Tho Noell, Mayor, Will Sharpas. 



[page 96] Recorded for Maude, a Negro Woman, y* 
9th. day of July, Anno. Dom. 1702. 

This Indenture Wittnesseth that Col"" Lewis Morris 
of New York in America and Mary his wife for the 
Real Love kindness and Affection that they bear unto 
Ann the Daughter of Thomas Rudyard of New East 
Jersey of their Own Voluntary good Will doe give 
freely unto the Said Ann Rudyard the use & Service 
of One Negro maid Named Maude for and during 
the Space and Terme of Eighteen Years from the 
day of the Date hereof During all which time the 
Said Maude is faithfully to Serve the Said Ann Rud- 
yard as her Mistriss in all things Obeying and per- 
forming her Just Commands to her utmost Endeavoer 
as becometh And the Said Ann Rudyard doth hereby 
Covenant & promise for her Selfe her Heirs Execu- 
tors and Administrators att the Expiration of the 
Said Terme of Eighteen Years to give unto the Said, 



602 INDENTURES OF APPRENTICESHIP, 1 702. 

Maude three Suits of Apparell Either of Searge or 
Stuff with Lynen answerable and then to Sett her the 
Said Maude at Liberty giving her freedom from any 
and all manner of Service Whatsoever to goe and 
dwell where Shee the Said Maude Shall think fitt and 
in the mean time to find her with Sufficient Meat 
drinke lodging and Apparrell fitt for Such a Servant 
to have and in due manner to Chastize her According 
to desert. 

In Wittness to all w*** the parties Aforesaid to these 
presents have Interchangeably Sett their Hands and 
Seals the Eighth day of the third Month Caled May 
in the year one thousand Six hundred Eighty three 

Ann Rudyard 

Signed Sealed & Delivered in the presence of 

Jo° Lawrence Junio', 
John Pett, 
Wm. Bickley. 



[page 97] Recorded for John Crooke, the 27th. day 
of July Anno. Dom. 1702. 

Indenture of Margarett Colly, daughter of James 
Colly, with the consent of her father, to John Crooke, 
Cooper, and Guartery, his wife for seven years. from 
date. 

Usual form. Apprentice ** Shall be taught to read 
English with Such Other Needle worke and Other 
matters .fitting for a good housewife of her ability." 

Signed July 13th. 1702. Margarett Colly. 

In the presence of Tho. Noell, Mayor. 



[page 98] Recorded for John King, the 12th. day of 
November, Anno. Dom. 1702 

Indenture of Thomas Quick, son of Derick Quick, 
deceased, with the consent of his brother in law 



INDENTURES OF APPRENTICESHIP, 1 702. 603 

Henry Hews, and Helegant Dekey, his Aunt, to John 
King, Shipwright for seven years from November ist. 
1702. 

Usual form. Apprentice **to be taught to read, 
write and Cypher " and at the expiration of the term to 
receive ** One Axe one Addys one Maule one Saw one 
Chigell and one Mallett." 

Signed November 2d. 1702, by Thomas Quick. 

In the presence of W. Janewdy Theodore Le Roy. 

Acknowledged before Phillip French, Sa: Ch: Brough- 
ton. 

[page 100] Recorded for Mr. Augustus Lucas, the 
first day of February, Anno. Dom. 1702. 
By This Indenture I doe Oblige and bind my Selfe 
of my Own free Will and Consent unto Mr. Augustus 
Lucus Merchant to his Heirs Executors Administrators 
or Assigns for the full time of five Years Next Ensueing 
during which I promise to Serve him his Heirs Exec- 
utors Administrators or Assigns & to Obey him or they 
in all Lawfull things he or they Shall Comand me to 
give me me^t Drinke and Lodging as also the Nesses- 
sary Cloaths for my wearing and att the End of my 
time to give me two New Coats two pair of Breeches 
two pair of Stockings one pair of Shoes and A hatt and 
twenty Shilings in Money this present made double in 
Bay de Verts y*^ 1 7th. August 1 700. 

The Marke of (S) Daniel Soli van 

Augustus Lucas 
Witnesses 
Elias Fallot, 
Nicholas Thoume. 

Memorandum that on the first day of february Anno. 
Dom. 1702, personally Came before me Phillip French 
Esq', Mayor of the Citty of New Yorke, the above 
Named Daniell Solivan and acknowledgfed the above 
written Indenture to be his Voluntary Act and Deed. 

Phillip French. 



604 INDENTURES OF APPRENTICESHIP, 1 7O3. 

[page 100] Recorded for Rutgert Waldron, the 9th. 
day of March, Anno. Dom. 1702/3 

Indenture of Matthys Flensburg, with the consent of 
his parents John and Margrieta Flensburg, to Rutgert 
Waldron, for ten years, from August ist, 1702, to learn 
the trade of turning and blockmaking. 

Usual conditions. Apprentice to receive at expira- 
tion of time ** A Coat of Cloath at fifteen Shilings the 
yard and A bridge & A Jacket and a new hat Six Shirts 
of two Shilings Six pence the Yard New Shoes and 
Stockings Six Neckcloaths *' Also to be '* Instructed in 
the Art of writing and Arithmetick/* 

Signed August i5th. 1702. by Matthys Flensburg, 
Jan. Flensburg, Margarieta Flensburg. 

In the presence of A D: Lanoy, Joost Leijnsen. 

Acknowledged March 9th. 1702, before Phillip 
French, Mayor. 



[page 102] Recorded for Thomas Roberts, y*" 9th. day 
of March, Anno. Dom. 1702/3. 

Indenture of John Hays, son of Ric*^ Hays, deceased 
with the consent of his friends and his Grand Mo*" to 
Thomas Roberts, Cooper, for six years from July 29th. 
1 70 1. Usual conditions. Signed June 12th, 1701, by 
John Hayes. 

In the presence of Sarah Meales, Rob' Parkinson. 

Acknowledged, Feby 8th, 1702, before J. V: Cort- 
landt. Justice. 



[page 104] Recorded for John David, Sayle Maker, 
the 13th. day of May, Anno. Dom. 1703. 
Indenture of Alexandre de Bonrepos, of New Ro- 
chelle, Manor of Pelham, Westchester County with the 
consent of Elie de Bonrepos his father to, John David, 
Sail Maker, for six years and four Months from Sep- 
tember 5th. 1 70 1, to "Serve in all Such Service or 
Imployment as his Said Master * * * Shall have for 



INDENTURES OF APPRENTICESHIP, I703. 605 

hini to doe or Shall Sett him about from tyme to tyme " 
etc. 

Usual form with this condition ** And Whereas the 
S** Elias de Bonrepos father his [/>] not now in Capacity 
to find his Said Son of Aparel itt is Agreed the Said 
David Master Shall find all what will be wanting above 
what the Said father can do for which they have conclud 
[concluded^ for the Same [j^//J of four pounds Sterling 
Mbny the which Sume \)um\ the S** Prentice Shall 
work for the payment after his tyme past or Shall go 
without/* 

Signed August 6th. 1701, at New Rochelle, by 
Allexandre de Bonrepos, Debonrepooz, John David. 

In the presence of T. B. Dutufseau, D. Streing. 

Acknowledged May i ith, 1703, before Phillip French, 
Mayor. 



[page io5] Recorded for John Sheppard, the tenth 
day of June, Anno. Dom. 1703. 

Indenture of Richard Thomas, aged 1 5 or 16 years 
with the consent of his Master, the Reverend Mr. 
William Veze, whose Covenant Servant he now is, to 
John Sheppard, Cooper, for four years from May ist. 
1703. 

Usual form. Apprentice to be taught ** to read & 
write perfectly the English Tongue." 

Signed June 9th. 1703 by Richard Thomas. 

In the presence of. Phillip French, Will. Anderson. 



[page 107] Recorded for Johannes Hannien, y* 13th. 
day of August, Anno. Dom. 1 703. 

Indenture of Isaac Blanke to Johannes Hannien 
(trade not stated) as apprentice for four years and eight 
months from August 1 2th. 1 703. 

Usual conditions with additional clause that ** More- 
over the Said Master does bind himselfe after the Said 



6o6 INDENTURES OF APPRENTICESHIP, 1 7O3. 

time IS out to give the Said Apprentice three hunc 
bowles.*' 

Signed August 12th. 1703. by Johannes Henn 
Isaac Blanke. 

In the presence of Ed. Fitz Gerald, F: De Fei 
Furd Back. 

Acknowledged August 13th. 1703, before Jacobu 
Cortlandt, Esq^, Alderman. 

With following clause at end, " the Said Appren 
three Months after Christmas to goe to the Ni 
Schools every year." 



[page 109] Recorded for William Haywood, the : 
day of September, Anno. Dom. 1703. 

Indenture of Edward Garnum, aged 10 years, \ 
the consent of Allin Jarrat, Marriner, to whose care 
was committed by his parents, before Jacobus V. C( 
landt, Esq*" Alderman, to William Haywood, Shipwrij 
for eleven years from date. 

Usual form. Signed September 21st, 1703, 
Edward Garnum. 

In the presence of J. V. Cortlandt, Alderman, V 
Sharpas. 



[page no] Recorded for William Edit, the iJ 
day of January, Anno. Dom. 1703. 

Indenture of Hugh Norton, with the consent of 
mother, Rebeckah Adams, to William Echt, Shoemal 
for seven and a half years from December iSth. i6c 

Usual conditions and that the Apprentice shall 
taught " to read and write English in the Aforei 
longue 

Signed December i5th. 1699, by Hugh Norton. 

In the presence of Wm. Robinson, Tho. Adams. 

Acknowledged the day of 1700, be 

David Proost, Esq' Mayor. 



INDENTURES OF APPRENTICESHIP, 1703-4. 607 

[page 112] Recorded for Francis Vandike, the i8th. 
day of January, Anno. Dom. 1703. 

Indenture of John Powelson, with the Consent of his 
mother, Hannah Powelson, widdow, to Francis Van- 
dike, Gunsmith, for five years from date. 

Usual form. Apprentice to be taught to read and 
write. Signed December ^2d. 1700. by John Powles, 
Anna Poulase. 

In the presence of J. D. Peyster, D Provoost Jun^ 

Acknowledged Feb. 17th. 1700, before J. D: Riemer, 
Mayor. 

[page 113] Recorded for Francis Vandike, the loth. 
day of January, Anno. Dom. 1703. 

Indenture of Garrat Hossen, son of Benhadas Hos- 
sen, deceased, to Francis Vandike, Gunsmith, for five 
years from August ist. 1701. 

Usual form. Apprentice to be taught to read and 
write. Signed July 29th. 1701, by Gerrett Hossen. 

In the presence of Jacob Hossen, Will. Sharpas. 

Acknowledged, same date, before Marten Clocke. 



[page 114] Recorded for John Cazall, the i5th. day of 
March, Anno. Dom. 1703. 

Indenture of Cornelius Bedloe, aged i5 years, with 
the consent of his relations, to John Cazal Barber, and 
Perriwig maker, for five years from February i5th. 

1703. 

Usual form. Signed February 15th. 1703, by Cor- 
nelius Bedloe. 

In the presence of. Jeremiah Tothill, Alderman. Will. 
Sharpas. 

[page 116] Recorded for Thomas Roberts, Cooper, 
the tenth day of January, Anno. Dom. 1704. 

Indenture of Matthew Gleave, aged 12 years, with 
the consent of his mother, Hester Gleave, widow, 



6o8 INDENTURES OF APPRENTICESHIP, 1 704-5. 

to Thomas Roberts, Cooper, for seven years from 
date. 

Usual form. Signed January loth. 1704. by Matthew 
Gleave. 

In the presence of. Jeremiah Tothill, Alderman, Will. 
Sharpas. 

Acknowledged before Jeremiah Tothill, Alderman. 



[page 117] Recorded for Nathaniell Marston, the 6th. 
day of March, Anno. Dom. 1704. 

Indenture of John Magrigory, with the consent of his 
mother and sister, to Nathaniell Marston, Barber, for 
four years from March ist. 1704. 

Usual form. Signed March ist. 1704. by John 
Mackgregar. 

In the presence of Christo: Dunne, John Sheppard. 

Acknowledged, March 5th. 1704, before Robert 
Lurting, Justice of the Peace. 



[page 119] Recorded for Mr. Hendrick Van Bael, the 
twenty sixth day of May, Anno. Dom. 1705 

This Indenture Wittnesseth that Phillip Lyon Aged 
fourteen years or thereabouts being fatherless and 
motherless of his own free and Voluntary Will hath 
placed and by these presents doth put bind and place 
himself A Servant and apprentice unto Hendrick Van 
Bael of the City of New York Merch' and as a Servant 
and Apprentice with him the Said Hendrick Van Bael 
to dwell from the day 01" the date of these presents un- 
till the full end and Term of Seaven Years from thence 
Next Ensueing & fully to be Compleat and Ended 
during which time and Term the Said Phillip Lyon 
Shall the Said Hendrick Van Bael his Master well and 
faithfully Serve in all Such Lawfull business as the 
Said Phillip Lyon Shall be put unto According to his 
power With Ability and honesty & Obediently in all 



INDENTURES OF APPRENTICESHIP, l7o5. 609 

thinors Shall behave himself towards the Said Hendrick 
Van Bael during the Term aforesaid. And the Said 
Hendrick Van Bael for his part Covenanteth promiseth 
and agreeth that he the Said Hendrick Van Bael Shall 
teach and Instruct or Cause to be taught and Instructed 
his Said Servant and Apprentice to read and write the 
English Tongue and Shall find and allow unto his Said 
Servant and Apprentice Sufficient Apparrell meat drinke 
washing and lodging and all other Nessessary s meet 
and Convenient for Such a Servant during the Terme 
aforesaid. In Wittness whereof the party s to these 
Indentures have interchangeably put their hands and 
Seals the twenty Sixth day of May in the fourth year 
of the Reign of our Soveraign Lady Queen Anne over 
England &c. Annogz. Dom. 1705 and the Said Hen- 
drick Van Bael att the Expiration of. the Said Term 
Shall give to the Said Apprentice two New Suits of 
Apparell one for Sundays and one for working days. 

Phillip Lyon. 
Sealed & Delivered in the presence of Wm Peartree, 
Mayor. 

Will. Sharpas, Clerk 



[page 120] Recorded for Rutgert Waldron, the fifth 
day of June, Anno. Dom. 1705. 

Indenture of John Bargeau, son of James Bargeau, 
Shipwright, to Rutgert Waldron, Blockmaker, for seven 
years from May ist. i7o5. 

Usual form. Signed May ist. i7o5, by Joan Bar- 
geau. 

In the presence of Hannah Adams, Tho: Adams. 

Acknowledged, June 5th. 1705, before Wm. Pear- 
tree, Mayor, 

[page 121] Recorded for Stephen Valleau, the 5th. 
day of June^ Anno. Dom. 1705. 

Indenture of Daniell Streing, son of Mr. Daniell 
39 



6lO INDENTURES OF APPRENTICESHIP, I705. 

Streing of Westchester County, to Stephen Valleau, 
Cooper, for four years from November ist. 1704. 

Usual Conditions except that Master is not to pro- 
vide clothing. With proviso as follows : ** And I Said 
Daniell father of the Said Daniell Streing my Son I 
doe promise to furnish and provide him Cloth Shoes 
Stockings Shirts and all things Sufficient for his Own 
body & SchooU which he Shall the time of Six Month 
Every Year which I Master granted for his Learning 
and if in Cause God afflict him of Sickness I Said 
Master Shall Satisfy the Doctor and Maintaining him." 

Signed June 4th. i7o5. by Daniel Streing, Daniel 
Streing, S. Valleau. 

Witnesses Pierre Bontecon, John David. 

Acknowledged before William Peartree, Mayor. 



[page 123] Recorded the 30th. day of July, Anno. Dom. 
i7o5, for James Bussey. 

Indenture of Cornelis Vanosten, with the ponsent of 
his mother, and father in law, John Foster, to James 
Bussey, Cordwainer, for four years from July 30th. 1 705. 

Usual form, except that master further agrees " to allow 
him Evening Schooling Every winter from Christmas as 
is Customary * * * and to make him A Freeman of 
the City according to Law." 

Signed, July 30th. 1705, by Cornelis Vanosten. 

In the presence of John Foster, Ben: Hildreth, Abrah. 
Van Vlecq. 

Acknowledged before Wm. Peartree, Mayor. 



[page 124] Recorded for Mr Isaac Rodriques Marques, 
the 24th. day of August, Anno. Dom. 1705. 

Indenture of Solomon Gabey, aged 16 years, with 
the Consent of his father, Isaac Gabey, Merchant, to 
Isaac Rodriques Marques, Merchant, for four years from 
date. 



INDENTURES OF APPRENTICESHIP, 1705. 6 1 I 

Usual form. Signed December ist. 1704, by Solo- 
mon Gabey. 

In the presence of Will. Sharpas, Isaac Gabey. 

Acknowledged August 24th. i7o5, before Robt Lur- 
ting. 

[page 126] Recorded for Dirck Hoghlandt, Baker & 
Bolter, y* 24th. of August, Anno. Dom. i7o5. 

Indenture of Isaac Blanck, aged 16 years, with the 
consent of his father, to Dirck Hoghlandt, Bolter and 
Baker, for four years from date. 

Usual form. Signed, May ist. i7o5, by Isaac Blanck. 

In the presence of Barent Hybon, Will. Sharpas. 

Acknowledged, August 24th. i7o5, before Wm Pear- 
tree, Mayor. 

[page 127] Recorded for Mr. David Vilant, the 29th. 
day of August, Anno. Dom. 1705. 

Indenture made August 3d. 1705 between David 
Vilant and Elizabeth his wife, and Mary Berry, by which 
Mary Berry apprentices herself as a Servant for seven 
years from date. 

Usual form. A supplementary clause provides that 
all clothing given to Mary Berry shall not be taken from 
her at the expiration of the term. 

Signed August 3d. 1 7o5 by David Vilant, Mary Berry. 

In the presence of Geo. Duncan, Barth. Feurt. 

Acknowledged August 29th. i7o5, before William 
Peartree, Mayor. 

[page 128] Recorded for James Bussey, the 6th. day 
of November, Anno. Dom. i7o5. 

Indenture of William Breadsteede to James Bussey, 
Cordwainer, for four years from October 17th, i7o5. 

Usual form except that Apprentice only agrees to 
obey his Masters Commands, keep his secrets, faithfully 
serve him, not absent himself without permission, and 



6l2 INDENTURES OF APPRENTICESHIP, I705. 

behave himself generally. Besides the usual covenant 
the Master further agrees as follows : ** and also to pay 
or Cause to be paid unto his Said Apprentice att the 
Expiration of Every twelve Months the Sum of three 
pounds and also to lett him have in Every winter three 
Months Learning att any Evening School within this 
City & to pay for the Same. 

Signed, November ist, 1705. by William Breeste. 

In the presence of J no. Basford. 

Acknowledged November ist. 1705, before Joh. Jan- 
sen, Justice of the Peace. 



[page 129] Recorded for William Bickley, Merchant, y* 
26th. day of January, i7o5. 

Indenture of William Cook, with the Consent of his 
mother, Eliz* Browne, to William Bickley, Shopkeeper, 
and Susana his wife, for seven years from May ist, 
i7o5. 

Usual form. Signed May 24th, i7o5, by William 
Cook. 

In the presence of Abraham Van Vlecq, Walter Thong. 

Acknowledged June 9th, 1705 before Rip Van Dam, 
Justice of the Peace. 

Acknowledged January 24th. i7o5, before Robt. 
Lurting, Justice of the Peace. 



[page 131] Recorded for Edward Burling, the Eighth 
day of February, Anno. i/oS. 

This Indenture made the Nineteenth day of May 
1705 and in the fourth year of the Reign ol our Sov- 
eraign Lady Anne Now Queen of England, &c: be- 
tween John Berry of the City of New York and his 
Grandson Richard Berry of the one part and Edward 
Burley of the aforesaid City Joiner of the Other part 
Wittnesseth that the Said John Berry doth Covenant 



INDENTURES OF APPRENTICESHIP, I705. 613 

and agree for himself his Executors and Adm" and for 
his Said Grandson Richard Berry that he the Said 
Richard Berry shall well and faithfully Serve and abide 
with the Said Edward Burley during the Space of Six 
Years from the date hereof and that the Said Richard 
Berry during the time aforesaid the Lawfull Commands 
of the Said Edward Burley Shall readily Obey and in 
all things Shall behave himselfe as A good and faith- 
full Servant during the aforesaid Terme and the Said 
Edward Burley in Consideration of the promises doth 
Covenant and Agree to and with the Said John Berry 
and his Said Grandson Richard Berry that he the Said 
Edward Burley Shall and will doe his best Endeavour 
to teach him the Said Richard Berry the Trade of a 
Joyner and Shall and will during the Terme aforesaid 
finde and provide for the Said Richard Berry good and 
Sufficient meat drinke washing Lodging and all Nes- 
sessary Clothing and Apparell. 

In Wittness whereof the Said parties have inter- 
changeably hereunto fixed their Seals and Subscribed 
their Names the day and year first above written 

John Berry, 
Edward Burling, 
the mark of Richard R. (B.) Berry. 

Sealed & delivered in the presence of 

Hannah Wolley, 
John Cruger. 

Sealed & delivered by Richard Berry in the presence 
of us 

Frans Wessells, 
Anthony Ham. 

Memorandum that on the eighth day of February 
Anno Dom i7o5 personally Came before me the within 
Named Apprentice Richard Berry and acknowledged 
the within written Indenture of Apprenticeship to be his 
Voluntary Act and Deed. 

Robt. Lurting, Alderman. 



6l4 INDENTURES OF APPRENTICESHIP, 1705-6. 

[page 132] Recorded for Edward Burling, the 8th. day 
of February, Anno. Dom. 1 705. 

Indenture of Benjamin Burling, aged 16 years, with 
the consent of his mother, to his brother, Edward Bur- 
ling, Joyner, for four years from February ist. 1705. 

Usual form, with clause added that the master shall 
give the apprentice at the expiration of the time the sum 
of Six pounds ten shillings. 

Signed, February 8th, 1705, by Benjamin Burling. 

In the presence of Robt Lurting, Alderman, Will. 
Sharpas. 

[page 133] Recorded for Joshua Sollise, Taylor, the 
loth. day of April, Anno. Dom. 1706. 

Indenture of Ambrose Stolle, son of Pontus Stolle to 
Joshua Sollise, Taylor, for ten years from April loth. 

1705. 

Usual form. ** And the first year of his Apprentice- 
ship his Said Master Shall put the Said Apprentice 
to School " &c. 

Signed April loth, 1705, by Ambrose Stelle. 

In the presence of Gabriel Stelle, Will. Bradford. 

Acknowledged, April 9th, 1706. before William Pear- 
tree, Mayor. 



[page 135] Recorded for Christopher Giliard, the 19th. 
day of May, Anno. Dom. 1706. 

Indenture of Thomas Hill, aged 12 years with the 
consent of William Hollins, his father in law to Chris- 
topher Giliard, Cordwainer, for seven years from May 
14th. 1705. 

Usual form. Master shall also teach apprentice to 
read and Write English. 

Signed May 14th. i7o5, by Thomas Hill. 

In the presence of John Sheppard, David Vilant. 

Acknowledged before William Peartree, Mayor. 



INDENTURES OF APPRENTICESHIP, 1 706. 615 

[page 136] Recorded for William Jackson, the 17th. day 
of July, Anno. Dom. 1706. 

Indenture made March 27th. 1706, between Thunis 
Quick and William Jackson, Cordwainer, whereby 
Thomas Quick binds himself to William Jackson as an 
Apprentice to learn the trade of a Shoemaker, for 
Seven years from date. 

Usual form, except that Apprentice '* shall not fre- 
quent Taverns Inns or Alehouses (except itt be about 
his Masters business there to be done) *' 

Signed March 27th. 1706 Thunis Quick. 

In the presence of Margareta Drayer, Jacob Dekey, 
S. Broughton. 

Acknowledged July 17th. 1706 before William Pear- 
tree, Mayor. 

[page 138] Recorded for Capt Benjamin Norwood, the 
Ninth day of October, Anno. 1706. 

Indenture made October 9th. 1706, between Benja- 
min Norwood, Marriner, and Richard Norwood, Jun^ 
Son of Richard Norwood of Philadelphia, Pa. whereby 
Richard Norwood Jun^ binds himself with the consent 
of his father to Benjamin Norwood for five years from 
the date hereof. 

Usual form. Master shall also at the expiration of 
the term ** give unto his Said Apprentice Spme Nesses- 
sary books & Instruments for the Art of Navigation." 

Signed October 9th. 1706, by Richard Norwood. 

In the presence of John Tuder, Recorder, James 
Seton, Will. Sharpas. 



[page 140] Recorded for Abraham Splinter, the Ninth 
day of January, Anno. Dom. 1 706. 

Indenture of Thomas Bayley, with the consent of 
John Basford, his kinsman, to Abraham Splinter, Cord- 
wainer, for four years from date. 



6l6 INDENTURES OF APPRENTICESHIP, I706-7. 

Usual form. Signed, June 19th. 1705. by Thorn; 

Bayley, John Basford. 

In the presence of Johannes V. Vorst, Joh : Jansen, 
Acknowledged June 20th. 1705, before Joh: Janse 

Justice of the Peace. 

Consent of Isaac Hayselbury, father in law 
Thomas Bayley, Acknowledged October 2d. 170 
before William Peartree, Mayor. 



[page 141] Recorded for Mr. Nathaniell Marston, 
18th. day of January, Anno. 1706. 

Indenture of John Stout, with the consent of h 
mother, to Nathaniell Marston, Barber, for six yea: 
from January 28th. 1706. 

Usual form. Signed January 28th. 1705/6 by Joh 
Stout, Amerancey Stout. 

In the presence of. Wm. Peartree, Peter Mathews. 

Acknowledged, January 17th. 1706/7 before Richai 
Willett, Alderman. 



[page 143] Recorded for Nicholas Vanderspiegel, tl 
2 1 St. da'y of January, Anno. Dom. 1706. 

Indenture of Lodewick Thomas, son of Lawrei 
Thomas, to Nicholas Vanderspiegel, ** to Learn tl 
Trade of Glaseren " for five years from January is 
1706/7. 

Usual form. Master to give Apprentice ** Evei 
winter three Months Evening Schooling." 

Signed January 3d. 1706/7, by Loodwyck Toomas. 

In the presence of B. Rynders, Jacobus Vanderspieg< 

Acknowledged January 4th. 1706/7 before Barei 
Rynders, Justice of the Peace. 



INDENTURES OF APPRENTICESHIP, I706. 617 

[page 144] Recorded for John Stephens, the 21st. day 
of January, Anno. Dom. 1706. 

Indenture of Abraham Bargeau, son of James Bar- 
geau, Shipwright, to John Stephens, Cordwainer, for 
six years from September 3rd. 1 705. 

Usual form. After the provision that Master shall at 
the expiration of time furnish Clothing follows : " also 
Shall his Said Apprentice Cause to be taught to read 
and write & Arithmetick in English and one Sett of 
working Geere." 

Signed, December 8th. 1705, by Abraham Bargeau. 

In the presence of Josue David, Tho. Adams. 

Acknowledged by Abraham and James Bargeau, 
December 9th. 1705, before, Wm. Peartree, Mayor. 



[page 145] Recorded for John Stephens, the 21st. day 
of January, Anno. Dom. 1 706. 

Indenture of Simon Cregeare, with the consent of 
Nicholas Dally, his brother in law, to John Stephens, 
Cordwainer, for six years from April 12th. 1706. 

Usual form, Apprentice also *' to be taught to write 
and read English." Signed April 12th. 1706. by Simon 
Cregeare. 

In the presence of Stephen Jamain, Tho. Adams. 

Acknowledged by Simon Cregeare and Nicholas 
Dally, April i8th. 1706, before William Peartree, 
Mayor. 

[page 147] Recorded for John Stephens, the 21st. day 
of January, Anno. Dom. 1706. 

Indenture of Claes Symons, aged 16 years, with the 
consent of his father Symon Claes, Marriner, to John 
Stephens Cordwainer, for five years from September 
2 1 St. 1706. 

Usual form. Apprentice ** to be taught to read 



6l8 INDENTURES OF APPRENTICESHIP, I706-7. 

and write." Signed September 21st. 1706, by CI 
Symons. 

In the presence of Symon Claese, Will. Sharpas* 

Acknowledged same date by Claes Symons ; 
Symon Claese, before B. Rynders, Justice. 



[page 148] Recorded for Capt. Michael Bassett, y* 
day of March, Anno. Dom. 1706/7. 

Indenture of John Crego, son of John Crego, 
ceased, to Michael Bassett, Marriner, for seven ye 
from February 1 7th. 1 707. Usual form. Signed, F 
ruary 17th. 1707, by John Crego, William White. 

In the presence of Edward Burling, Richard Ray. 

Acknowledged, February 19th. 1706, by John Cn 
and William White his father in law, before Willi 
Peartree, Mayor. 



[page 150] Recorded for John Sheppard, the 8th. < 
of March, Anno. Dom. 1706/7. 

Indenture of Thomas Marriott, with the consent 
his aunt, Elizabeth Macklennan, to John Shepp? 
Cooper, for five years and a half from February iJ 
1707. 

Usual form. Signed, February i8th. 1706, by T 
Marriott. 

In the presence of Edward Pennant, George W 
ling. 

Acknowledged March 7th. 1706/7, by Thomas W 
riott and ** Elizabeth Macklennan, his Aunt, to wh 
Care he was Committed," before William Pearti 
Mayor. 



INDENTURES OF APPRENTICESHIP, 1 707. 619 



[page 151 



Recorded for William Horsewell, the i6th. 



day of April, Anno. Dom, 1 707. 

New York ss. 

Indenture of Francis Bassett, son of Francis Bassett 
late of this Province, with the consent of his Mother 
Marie Magdelen, to William Horsewell, Pewterer, and 
** Hannah his wife if She Shall Survive him and Con- 
tinue in the State of Widdowhood and also shall think 
fitt to prosecute and Carry on the Said Trade " * * ♦ 
as '* An Apprentice within the Province of New York 
and in no Other place " for seven years from date. 

Usual form, with additions as above. Also additional 
. provision by Master and Mistress as follows : ** And 
the Said William Horsewell and Hannah his wife doth 
hereby promise that in Case of Mortality of Either of 
them the Survivor will not for any Cause or under any 
pretence whatsoever without the Consent of him the 
Said Apprentice and Such of his Relations as he the 
Said Apprentice Shall think fitt to take Advice from." 

Signed, May ist. 1706, by Frances Bassett. 

In the Presence of Barth. Feurt, Edward Pennant. 

Acknowledged April 15th. 1707, by Francis Bassett, 
and his mother Maria Magdelen Bassett, before William 
Peartree, Mayor. 



[page 153] Recorded for Henry Swift, the i8th. day of 
April, Anno. Dom. 1707. 

Indenture of Anne Swinney, daughter of Anne Davis, 
as Apprentice to Henry Swift, Vintner, for ten years 
from date. 

Usual form. Signed, April 15th. 1706, by Anne 
Swinney. 

In the presence of J. Stevens, Thomas Hooton, Anne 
Davis. 

Acknowledged April i8th. 1707, before William 
Peartree, Mayor. 



620 INDENTURES OF APPRENTICESHIP, I/O/. 

[page 154] Recorded for John Rolland, the i8th. day 
of June, Anno. Dom. 1707. 

Indenture of Nathaniell Rambart, son of Elias Ram- 
bart, Boatman, deceased, with the consent of his friends, 
to Capt. John Rowland, Marriner, for seven years from 
June 7th. 1707. 

Usual form. Signed, June 7th, 1707, by Nathaniel 
Rembert. 

In the presence of Gerret Keteltas, A. Keteltas. 

Acknowledged June i8th, 1707, before William Pear- 
tree, Mayor. 



[page 155] Recorded for Jacob Teneyck, the 26th. day 
of June, Anno. Dom. 1707. 

Indenture of William Beeck with the Consent of his 
father Cornelis Beeck ** to the Trade Cordwinder or Sho- 
maker put himself Apprentice to Mr. Jacob Tenick " for 
five years from June 15th, 1707. 

Usual form. Apprentice to have '* Every winter 
Evening Schooling." 

Signed, June 20th. 1707, by William Beck, Cornelis 
Beeck. 

In the presence of Hendrick V. Dhoul, Leonard 
Lewis. 

Acknowledged June 26th, 1707, by Cornelis Beck and 
William Beeck, before Barened Rynder, Justice of the 
Peace. 



[page 157] Recorded for Edward Burling, the 8th. 
day of October, Anno. Dom. 1 707. 

Indenture of John Vignoud Tillou, aged 15 years, with 
the consent of his mother, to Edward Burling, Joyner, 
from November 6th. 1706, for five years. 

Usual form. Apprentice to be taught " to read write 



INDENTURES OF APPRENTICESHIP, I707. 62 1 

& Cypher English." Signed November 6th, 1706, by 
Jean Vignau Tillou. 

In the presence of F. Vincent, Benjamin D'hariette. 

Acknowledged, October 8th, 1707, before David Pro- 
voost, Alderman of the North Ward and Justice of the 
Peace. 

[page 158] Recorded for Cornelius Clopper, the first 
day of November, Anno. Dom. 1707. 

Indenture of John Van Aarmen, with the consent of 
his mother Sara Van Aarmen, to Cornelius Clopper, 
Cordwainer, for six and a half years from August ist, 
1707. 

Usual form. Apprentice ** shall be allowed every 
year three Months Evening Schooling & four New 
Shirts & four New Neckcloths." Signed August 26th, 
1707. by Cornlius Clopper, John Van Aarmen. 

In the presence of Jacob Van Duerse, Jacobus Goelet. 



[page 160] Recorded for John Troop, the loth. day 
of November, Anno. Dom. 1707. 

Indenture of Peter Bouquett, aged 15 years, with the 
consent of his father Francis Bouquett, to John Troop, 
Barber and Perriwigmaker, for five and a half years 
from October nth. 1707. 

Usual form. Apprentice "to goe to School at Night 
when his Master can Spare him.'' Signed, October 
nth, 1707. by Pierre Bouquet. 

In the presence of Francis Bouquet, Paul Droilhet, 
Walter Thong, Just. Peace & Alderman. 



[page 161] Recorded for John Troop, the 29th. day 
of January, Anno. Dom. 1707. 

Indenture of Robert Anderson, son of Robert Ander- 
son, Porter, deceased, aged 16 years, to John Troop, 



622 INDENTURES OF APPRENTICESHIP, I707. 

Barber and Perriwigmaker, for five and a half years from 
January 2'9th. 1707. 

Usual form. Apprentice to receive at expiration of 
time, Seven pounds Seven Shillings. Signed, January 
29th, 1707, by Robert Anderson. 

In the presence of Rich** Willett, Alderman, Robert 
Nisbett, Robert Drummond. 



INDEX. 



40 



INDEX. 



Aalst, Anthony van, 25. 

Aheel, David, 117. 

Abeel, Garrit, 203. 

Abed, James, 201. 

Abeel, John, 60. 

Abeel, Richard, 90. 

Abrahams, Abraham, 150. 

Abrahams^ Kmanuel, 186. 

Abrahams, Isaac, 150. 

Abramse, Abraham, 68. 

Abramse. Andries, 65. 

Abramse, John, 165. 

Abramson, Adrian, 93. 

Abramson, Isaac, 59. 

Abramson, John, 102. 

Acker, Pliilip, 211. 

Acker, William, 166. 

Ackennan, Abraham, 172, 271. 

Ack«rman, Daniel, 248. 

Ackerman, David, 275. 

Ackerman, Hendricus. 190. 

Ackerman, Jacobus, 177. 

Ackerman, John, 112, 245, 285. 

Ackerman, Lewis, 224. 

Ackerman, Nicholas, 172. 

Ackerson, Thomas, 159, 

Ackley, John. 151. 

Ackling, Anthony, 174. 

Adams, Charles P'rancis, mcnli'>ncd, 

434. 
Adams. Hannah. 609. 

Adams, Jacob, 83. 

Adams, James, So, 242. 

Adams, John. Jr., hotel, 304, 306, 307, 

309, 339. 
Adams. Rebecca, 606. 

Adams, Th«)mas, 61, 582, 587, 591, 

597, 6c6. 6<>9, 617. 

Adderly, William. 74, 595. 

Adolphus, Isaac, 191. 

Adriance, William, 73. 

Aerden, Leender?, 23. 

Aerenise, Peter, 66. 

Aerlich, George, 269. 

Aerson, Aaron, 215. 

Aerson, Benjamin, 195. 



Aerson, Mathew, 151. 

Aertse, Everet, r6. 

Aerise, William, 71. 

Afjar, Daniel, 151. 

Akars, Christopher. 91. 

Aker. Phillip. 509. 

Akerly. Benjamin, I22. 

Akid, Samuel, 55. 

Albany, trade at, 3, 8, 29, 32, 33. 35, 

Indian treaty at, 513. 
Albert, George, 276. 
Albertzen, Hans, 24. 
Alchome, Alexander, 78. 
Alden, Francis, 595. 
Alexander, Duncan, 172. 
Alexander, James, presented with the 

freedom of the city, n6, 483, 
Alexander, Robert, 190. 
Alford, Robert, iii. 
Algea, John, 231. 
Algea, William, 192. 
Alison, George, 248. 
All. John, 248. 
All, Michael, 241. 
Allaire, Alexander, 86, 118, 155. 
Allaire, Lewis. 100. 
Allan, Richard, 200. 
Allan, William, 182. 
Allard, Fran9ois, 21. 
Allchurch, Elliott, 152. 
Allen, Benjamin,. 185. 
Allen, Charles, im. 
Allen, George, 92. 
Allen, Ira A., alderman, 433. 
Allen, Jacob Myer, 194. 
Allen, JoTin, 78. 140. 
Allen, Stephen, alderman, 405, 406, 

411, 414. 
Allen, Thomas, 127, 142. 
Allen, William, 220, 225. 
Alley, John, 187. 
Alleyn, Edward, 104. 
Allgelt, Jacobus, 224. 
Alii cock e, Joseph, 217. 
Allie, Albert, 189. 



626 



IxNDEX. 



Alliner, Abraham, i8o. 
Alliner, John, i8o. 
Allison. Richard, 246. 
Allison, Robert, 76, 216. 
Allison, Thomas, 60, 83. 
Allison, Dr. William, 164. 
AIner, James, 222. 
Alsop, John, 165. 
Alsop, Richard, 109. 
Alsop, Thomas, 143. 
Alsiyne, Abraham, 106, 131. 
Alslyne, Hermanus, 149. 
Alsiyne, Jeronimus, 199. 
Alslyne, Johannes, 134. 
Alslyne, see Van Alslyne. 
Alwine, John, 145. 
A merman, Albert, 131, 192. 
Amerman, Dirck, 131. 
Amerman, John, 159. 
Amherst, Clen. Sir Jeffrey, presented 
with the freedom of the city, 195, 522. 
Ammarman, Richard, 216. 
Amory, Charles, 226. 
Armory, John, 180. 
Amos, Daniel, 71. 
Amstead, Benjamin, 78. 
Amsterdam, burgher right in the city of, 

II, 15, 34. 
Amy, Joshua, 142. 

Andem, William, 246. 

Anderson, Abraham, 141. 

Anderson, Alexander, 232. 

Anderson, Andrew, 293. 

Anderson, Edward, 78, 129, 174. 

Anderson, Elias, 202, 221. 

Anderson, (jcorge, 1S6. 

Anderson, Jochem, 126. 

Anderson, John, 142, 194, 277. 

Anderson, Joseph, 174. 

Anderson, Nicholas, 156. 234. 

Anderson, Peter. 134, mentioned, 309. 

Anderson, Major Robert, presented 

with the freedom of the city, 429. 

Anderson, Robert, 55, 82, 115, 621. 

Anderson, William, 156, 246, 605. 

Andrews, Germanicus, 92. 

Andrews, Robert, 208. 

Andries, Laurens van Boskerck, 23. 

Andrieson, Abraham, 194. 

Andrieson, I^ambert, 281. 

Andriezen, Andries, 22. 

Andriezen, Luycas, 24. 

Andrie/en, Peter, 20. 

Androuet, John, 56. 

Angell, Henry, 146. 

Angevine, Zachariah, 58. 

Angevine, John. 151. 

Ann, Indian woman, 587. 

Ann, sloop, 576. 

Annely, Edward, i^K), 196. 



Antarctic, ship, 428. 

Anthony, Allard, burgomaster, 9, 14, 
29, 34, lOI. 

Anthony, Hcnricus. 96. 

Anthony, John, 228. 

Anthony, John P., 293. 

Anthony, Nicholas, 108, 177. 

Anihony, Nicholas N., 204. 

Anthony, Peter, 175. 

Anthony, Theophilus, 195. 

Antiqua, barque, 571. 

Anthill, Edward, 53, 599. 

Appell, John, 508. 

Appell, Simon, 116. 

Apple, Hendrick, 57. 

Apple, John, 128. 

Appleby, George, 167. 

Apprentices to be bound by indentures, 
and made freemen at the expiration 
of their terni of four years, 52, 460 ; 
at the granting of the charter deemed 
freeman, 448, 450; indentures re- 
corded from 1695 to 1708, 563-622 ; 
not to game, marry, or frequent tav- 
erns, 567, 575 ; to have two suits of 
clothes a year, 567, 568 ; to be in- 
structed in reading and writing, 574 ; 
shirts, shoes, stockings, and hats pro- 
vided for, 578, 604 ; to learn to read the 
English tongue, 581 ; a female's work, 
582 ; to be taught the trade of a sur- 
geon in five years, 584 ; to learn to 
read and cipher, and to receive*a set 
of tools, 585 ; an Indian boy bound 
for twenty-one years, 588 ; to read 
and write the English tongue, 589 ; 
to attend night school for three 
months in winter, 591, 606, 610 ; 
orphans bound by the overseers of 
the poor, 593 ; a merchant's ap- 
prentice to have but meat and drink, 
594 ; a hatter to make his master four 
good beaver hats, 596 ; to learn the 
art and practice of a lawyer in seven 
years, 598 ; a bricklayer for two years, 
599 ; to be taught English, needle 
work, and other matters fitting for 
a good housewife, 602 ; clothing not 
to be taken away at the expiration of 
service, 6ri ; a shoemaker to obey his 
master, keep his secrets, and behave 
himself generally. 611 ; not to fre- 
quent taverns except on his master's 
business, 615 ; in case of death of the 
master to serve his mistress only in 
her widowhood, 619 ; to go to night 
school when his master can spare hira, 
621 ; term of service made seven 
years in 1711,464; term of service 
repealed in 1 725, 474, 4S4 ; fees of 



INDEX. 



627 



freemanship. 533 ; term of seven years 
revived in 1784, 239. 
Arcularius, Philip 1., mentioned 305, 

309. 310. 
Arcularius, Philip J., 274. 

Arden, Francis, 198. 

Arden, James, 96. 

Arden, John, 210. 

Arden, Thomas, 178. 

Arding, Charles, 107. 

Arding, Edward, 119. 

Arenlz, James, 232. 

Arenizen, Frederick, 21. 

Arenizen, Hendrick, 24. 

Ariantse, John, 69. 

Arkell, Peter, 91. 

Armstrong, James, 185, 220. 

Armstrong, John, 115. 214. 

Armstrong, Richard, 103. 

Arnett, Samuel, 270. 

Aniold, Elijah, 228. 

Arnold, Simon, 55. 

Arnold, William, 231. 

Arnoit, Patrick, 40. 

Arrowsmith, Joseph, 589. 

Arthur, John. 220. 

Ashfield, Charles, 77, 595. 

Ashfield, Richard, 53, 97. 

Ashton, John, 57. 

Ash, Gilbert, 163. 

Ask, Samuel, 104. 

Aske, Benjamin, 57. 

Aspinwall, John, 133. 

Aspinwall, Joseph, 89. 

Aslen, Isaac, 279. 

Aston, George, 97. 

Atkins, Robert, 188. 

Atkinson, John, 141. 

Atrell, Edward, 588. 

Atwood, Leigh, 75. 

Attwood. Thomas Bridgen, 230. • 

Altwood, William, 75, 454. 

Auboyneau, John, 86. 

Auchmuty, Lieut. IL J., mentioned, 

418. 
Auger, Nicholas, 567. 
Aukes, Douwe, 577. 
Austin, John, 278. 
Austin, Thomas, 233 
Auze, Charles A., mentioned, 418. 
Auxberry, Alexander, 212. 
Avery, John, presented with the free- 
dom of the city, 116, 483. 
Ayscough, Dr. John, 155. 
Axson, William, 135. 

Babington, Samuel, 157. 
Bachan. John, 74. 
Bache, George M., mentioned, 418. 
Back, Furd, 606. 



Backer, Jacobus, 19, 29. 
Backer, Nicholas, 22. 
Bagley, Josiali, 166, 177. 
Bagley, William, 177. 
Baignoux, Henry, 59. 
Bailes, Edward, 109. 
Bailey. Elias, 190. 
Bailey, Joseph, 284. 
Bailey, Nicholas, 139. 
Baily, Jonathan, 173. 
Bainbridge, Com. William, presented 
with the freedom of the city, 373, 

374. 375. 379 ; to s«t for his portrait, 

373 ; his letter of acceptance, 376 ; 

description of the gold box, 379- 
Baker, Gardiner, 289. 
Baker, John, 58. 
Baker, Richard, 114. 
Baker, Roger, 59, 585. 
Baker, Sarah, 58 1. 
Baldridge, Adam, 583. 
Baldridge, Elizabeth, 582, 583. 
Baldridge, John, 243. 
Baldwin, Stephen, 175. 
Baldwin, Triamier, 215. 
Baldwin. Trinacris, 144. 
Baldwin, William, 145, 205. 
Balfo. Alexander, 509. 
Ball, George, 217. 
Ball, Isaac, 201. 
Ballereau, James, 89. 
Baltzer, Dr. Robert M., mentioned, 

418. 
Bancker, Aaron, 230. 
Bancker, Abraham, 176. 
Bancker, Adrian, 117. 
Bancker, Christopher, 231 ; alderman, 

504- 
Bancker, Evert, 217. 

Bancker, Isaac, 231. 

Bancker, Nicholas, 172. 

Bancker, Richard, 214. 

Bancker, William, 213. 

Bancks, James, 185. 

Banfield, Thomas, 233. 

Banker, Evert, 60. 

Banker, Jacob, 97. 

Banker, John, 195. 

Banks, Gen. Nathaniel P., mentiontd, 

440. 

Banks, Richard, 82. 

Banks, Thomas, 98. 

Bant, Johannes, 65. 

Bant, John, 128. 

Bant, Martin, 133. 

Bant, Peter, 128, 135. 

Bant, Peter J.. 68. 

Bant, William, 132. 

Banta, Aaron, 270. 

Banta, David, 208. 



628 



INDEX. 



Banta, Jacobs 184. 

Banta, John T., meniioned, 310. 

Banta, Paulus, 207, 243. 

Banta, Wiert, 164, 509, 510. 

Barbauld, Ezekiel, 112. 

Barberie, John, 54, 594. 

Barclay, David, 202. 

Barclay, Thomas, 218. 

Bardin, Edward. 237. 

Barensen, Cornelis, 25. 

Barentzen, Cliristian, 23. 

Barentzen, Hendrick, 24. 

Barentzen, Myndert, 22. 

Bargeau, Abraham, 149, 617. 

Bargeau, James, 609, 617. 

Bargeau. John, 609. 

Barhcit, Andries, 129. 

Barheyt, Barent, 97. 

Barker, Joshua, alderman, 312, 313, 

315, 316, 320. 
Barkins, Peter, 55. 
Barnes, Andrew, 174. 
Barnes, Benjamin, 85, 456. 
Barnes, Coenradt, 214. 
Barnes, Thurlow \V., mentioned, 433. 
Barnet, Thomas, 233. 
Barns, Henry. 245. 
Barnwell, Joseph, 80. 
Barr. Frederick, 217. 
Barre, Charles, 98. 
Barrite, Jeroninius, 70. 
Barrow, John, 85. 
BariT, Francis E., mentioned, 418. 
Barry, John, 205. 
Barlholf, Hendrick, 24S. 
Bariholph, (iarret, 284. 
Bartlett, William, 136. 
Barwick, John, 225. 
Basford. John, 57 ; witness, 573, 574, 

575, 578, 591. ^12, 615. 
Bass, Johannes, 141. 
Basselt, Francis, 98, 619. 
Basselt, P'rcderick, 218. 
Basselt, John, 120, 123. 
Hassetl, Maria M., 619. 
Bassctt, Michael, fxx), 618. 
Ba»>eit, Peter, 74. 
Baslian, Conj^o, a Negro, 569, 
liatchelor, Henry, 53. 
Bate, Benjamin, 106. 
Bates, Alexander, 149. 
Bales, John, 20S. 
Bates, Samuel, 211. 
Balhursby, Hugh, 56. 
Baltail, Michael, 112. 
Batter>on, James, 89. 
Batiin, Philip, 80. 
Baugnioux, Paul, 55, 
Bausher, Henry, 278. 
Bawler, William, 590. 



Bayard, Jacobus, 77. 

Bayard, Nicholas, 47, 53, 123, 2S6. 

Bayard, Peter, 81. 

Bayard, Samuel, 130. 

Bayard, Stephen, 123; mayor, 150; 

alderman. 495. 
Bayard, William, 505. 
Bayeux, Rene, 171. 
Bayeux, Thomas, 86, 227. 
Bayles, Daniel, 279. 
Bayley, Thomas, 615. 
Beaudouin, Jeremiah, 179. 
Beauvois, Carel, 25. 
Beck, Caleb, 73. 
Beck, George, 220. 
Beck, Johannes, 21. 
Beck, Joseph, 234. 
Beck, William, 127. 
Becker, Frederick, 123. 
Becker. Nicholas, 203. 
Beckett, Francis, 142. 
Beckitt, John, 199. 
Bedford, Richard, 572. 
Bedford, Thomas. 191. 
Bedlow, Cornelius, 607. 
Bed low, Isaac, 25, 97, 139, 600. 
Bedlow. Peier, 100. 
Beeck, Cornelius, 620. 
Beeck, Paulus van der, 20. 
Beeck, William, 620. 

Beeckman, Jochem, 20. 
Beeckman, Martin, 70. 
Beekman, Adam, 144. 
Beekman, Charles, 124, 125. 
Beekman, David, 1S2. 

Beekman, Geotge, 283. 

Beekman, Gerrard, alderman. 487. 

lieekman, Gerrard G., 223. 

Beekman, Gerrard us, 94, 106, 139, 146. 

Beekman, Henricus, 65. 

Beel^raan, Henry, presented with the 
freedom of the city, 119, 483. 

Beekman, Henr)*, 163, 202, 

Beekman, John, 68, 124, 14S, 151, 

Beekman, William, schepen, 9, 14 ; al- 
derman, 47. 

Beekman, William, 105, 129, 170, 213, 
242. 

Beekman, William Gerardus, 173. 

Beer, 'i'homas, 142. 

Behcnna, Thomas, 126. 

Belcher, Jonathan, 246. 

Belin, Peter, 55. 

Belknap, .Samuel, I02. 

Bell, Andrew, 201. 

Bell. Benjamin, 218. 

Bell, George, 209. 

Bell, Henry, 151. 

Bell, John,' 78, 95. 

Bell, Matthew, 97. 



indp:x. 



629 



Bell, Robert, 238. 
Bell, Samuel, 138, 237. 
Bell, William, 237. 
Bellisle, Barnaby, 241. 
Belsen, Cornelius, 168. 
Bend, Grove, 219. 
Bend, John, 118. 
Bender, Matthias, 127. 
Benfield, John, 78. 
Benin, John, 151. 
Benley, Samuel, 168. 
Bennaway, Godfrey, 118. 
Bennet, Christopher, 218. 
Bennet, Cornelius, 198. 
Bennet, Jacob, I43. 
Bennet, James, 209. 
Bennet, Richard, 114. 
Bennet, Robert, 108. 
Bennet, Thomas, 84. 
Bennet, William, 146, I98. 
Bennett, Isaac, 195, 
Bennett, Jacob, 64. 
Benschoton, Jacob, 247. 
Bensing, Henry, 120. 
Benson, Abraham, 140. 
Benson, Adolph, 117. 
Benson, Benjamin, 127, 192. 
Benson, Christopher, 20j. 
Benson, Dirck, 62. 
Benson, Carrel, 179. . 
Benson, Harmanus, 77. 
Benson, John, 117, 139. 
Benson, Mattheus, 76. 
Benson. Robert, 133 ; clerk of the city, 
249> 253, 256, 260, 263 ; alderman, 

504. 517. 
Benson, Samson, 77, ri6, 129. 
Benthuysen, Peter V., 202. 
Bergeron, James, 92. 
Berjeau, Peter, 153. 
Berkeloe, Daniel, 73. 
Berkley, William, 85. 
Bernard. Daniel, 188. 
Bernard, Isaac, iSo. 
Berrian, John, 169, 229. 
Bcrrow, Nathaniel T., 54. 
Berry, Charles, 155. 
Berry, Jacobus, 67. 
Berry, Johh, 612. 
Berry, Joseph, 90. 
Berry, Mary, 61 r. 
Berry, Richard, 107, 6l2. 
Berthon, Michael, 109. 
Bertine, Peter, 225. 
Bertrand, Abraham, loS. 
Bert rand, Isaac, 164. 
Bertsyer. George D., 237. 
Berwick, Roliert, 242. 
Besly, Oliver, 55. 
Besly, Thauvet, no. 



Best, John, 194. 

Belts, John, 237. 

Be van, Thomas, 164. 

Beven, Robert, 116. 

Bicker. Victor, 109, 138. 

Bickers, Henry, 215. 

Bickers, Walter, 215. 

Bickers, William, 202. 

Bickley, Abraham, 580. 

Bicklcy, May, 88, 454, recorder, 462 ; 

alderman, 472. 
Bickley, Susannah, 580, 585, 61 2. 
Bickley, William, 56, 59, 572, 580, 585, 

602, 612. 
Biddeford, frigate, 477. 
Bidder, Richard, 151. 
Bigelow, John, mentioned, 434. 
Bill, Benjamin, 90. 
Bill, John, 140. 
Billopp, Joseph, 72. 
Binam, Mrs. Mary, 106. 
Bingham, John, 177, 309, 366. 
Birch, John, 588. 
Birch, Margery, 588, 589. 
Birch, Richard, 589. 
Birch, Thonjas, 588. 
Bird, Matthew, 279. 
Birdsall, Henry, 247. 
Birdsall, Samuel, 149. 
Birdsall, William, 248. 
Bishop, Francis, 146. 
Bishop, John, 273. 
Bishop, Richard, 95. 
Bisset, John, 132. 
Black, James, 242. 
Black, Thomas, 103. 
Blackgrove, Benjamin, 74. 
Blacklidge, Philip, 125. 
Blagge, Benjamin, 143 ; alderman, 540 ; 

coroner, 551. 
Blagge, Edward, 109, 236 ; alderman, 

471. 
Blagge, John, 236 ; coroner, 551. 
Blake, Edward, 80. 
Blake, John, 98. 
Blake, William, 148. 
B Ian chard, James, 242. 
Blanchard, John, 131. 
Blanchon, Mathhys, 40. 
Blanck, Abraham, 93. 
Blanck, Andrew, 203, 285. 
Blanck, Casparus, 99, 119, 241. 
Blanck, Isaac, 145, 605, 61 1. 
Blanck, Jacob, 220. 
Blanck, Jeremiah, 179. 
Blanck, Juryaen, 24. 59. 
Blanck, Lambert. 180. 
Blanck, Nicholas, 40, 66. 
Blanck, Paul, 196. 
Blauvelt, Harmanus, 272. 



630 INI 

BUuvdl, luac, 191, 241. 
Bleecker, AnCliony l„, 217. 
BleecUer. Jacobus. 163. 
Blocker, Ji>)iii. 220. 

Blommert, Adnan, schepen, 14. 
Blood^ood. Abraham, menlioneil, 309, 

310, 311. 
Bloom, Aretil, 70. 
Bloom, Daniel. 149. 
Bloom. Henry, 845. 
Bloom, Jolin, 130. 
Blunt, OiiuHi. alderman. 5sS. 
Blydeiiburgh, Benjamin. J4. 
Blydenbuigt). Joseph, S4> 
Board, Joseph, menlioned, 310. 
Ilocke. Isaac. 136. 
Bodine, Vincent, 179. 
Boeckhoat, Matthias, 71. 
Boeckhoui, I'eter, 73. 
Boeke, Alitaham, 71. 
Boel, Toliias, 98. 
Boelen, Abraham, loj. 
Boelen, Jacob, 6z. 
Bogaerl, Arie, 134. 
B<^ert, Claes, 66. 
Bogaerl, Guyberi U.. 126. 
Bogaerl, Gysliert J., 77. 
Bogaeit, H end rick, 107. 
Bogaerl, John. ilS. 
Bogaert, William. 71. 
Bogaerl, see Bognit, Bogert. Oulenbo- 

garl. 
Boganlus, P:varardus. 61. 
Bogardas, llendritk C. 247. 
Bogardus, Captain Jacobus, menlioneil. 

438. 
RogardHS, John. 273. 
Bogardus. Koiierl. alderman. 313, 316. 
Bogardus William, 19. 
Ilogart. Uirck U., 69. 
Bogart, Uillieri Ouieo. 1S5. 
Ih^art, Henry Alberlo, 184. 
Bogarl, U 



Bi^ert, Nicholas P., 225. 

Bogerl. Peter, 146. 347. 

Bogert, Kc Bogaert, Outcnliogarl. 



.,-iu, Jci 



Bokee, Abraham. 170. 

Boker, Abraham, 144. 

Boles, John, 234. 

Bolitho. John. 228. 

Bolmer. Peter, 278. 

Boll. John, 70. 

Bolter. John, 78. 

Bollon. Anthony, 212. 

Bolton, Richard, 22i. 

Bolton. Thomas, alderman. 405, 406. 



I. 82. 



irl, I'cli 



. S8- 



Bogan, Simon. 
Bogart, William. 1100. 
Bt^ert, Albert G,, 245- 

Bogert. Corneli-i, 126. 133. 

Bogcrl, Dillion. 14;. 

Bogert, lleiidiick. 107, 246, 509. 

Bl^ert, Henry, alderman, 504. 

Bogerl, Jacob. 244. 

Bf^ri, Jacobu!, Q<>$. 

Bogen, James, i.)3. 

Bt^en, John. 13S. 27K. 282, 21)6. 

Itn^tTl, John, alriermin, 313, 316, 317. 

Bogert. John N.. 212. 

I%ert.J.BephOuien. 174. 

Bogert, Nicholas, IJ7. 



Bond, Joseph, 36;. 
Bond, Thomas, 150. 
Bond. ^Vil]iam. 8g, 463. 
Bon grand, Lewis, 54. 
Bonnet, Dani,:!, 149. 
Bonnet, James. 320. 
Bonnin, Amant, '2, 
Bonnin. Gousse, 5/7, 593. 
Hontecou. Peter, 83, 610. 
Bonus. Dr. William. 154. 
Booke, Abraham, 135. 
Bookhoudt, Peter, 174. 
Boo'li, Benjamin, 21g. 
Booth, George, 86, 456. 
Bootsen. Nicholas Joannes 
liordingh. Claes, 21. 
Borree. Francis. 137. 
Borrce, Isaac. 1 2 8. 
Borrell, Matthias, 118. 
Boi^oni. Egberi van. 33. 
Bosch. Jasptr 114. 
Boshan. J.ii:f.li, 238, 
Boss Jnu-i.lj. 123. 
Hostu'ick, Epbraim. 239. 
Boucher. Michael, 55. 
l!oudinot.p:iii 



Boudi 



. Pet 



r, 62. 



1. »93- 



Boiiidet. Samuel. 83. 
Bourdct. Slephen, 114. 
Bout, Jail Kvenseii, 3S 
Boui, Peter, 509. 



INDEX. 



631 



Bouyot, Ezekiel, 98. 

Bovell, Richard, So. 

Bovie, John, 58. 

Bowden, Tlionias, 80. 

Bowen, Jolin, 78, 178. 

Bowman, James. 509. 

Bowman, John, 248. 

Bowman, Joseph, 153. 

Bowman, Thomas, 153. 

Bown, Andrew, 52. 

Bown, Samuel, 144. 

Bowne, Rol)eri, 127. 

Bowne, Waller, mayor, 416. 

Bowne, William, 143. 

Bowyer, Samuel, 136. 

Boyce, Agnes, 93. 

Boyce, Jacob, 91, 

Boyd, Robert. 199. 

Boyd, Samuel, 216. 

Boyd, William, mentioned, 309, 331, 

335. 338. 339. 

Boyer, Samuel, 222. 

Boyle. Robert, 183. 

Boyle, Solomon. 113. 

Braddick, John, 83. 

Braden, John, 80. 

Bradford, Andrew, 89. 

Bradford, Samuel, 60. 

Bradford, William, 57, 99, 463, 614. 

Bradhursl. Samuel, member of assem- 
bly, 347. 

Brady, John, 63. 

Braine, Thomas. 168. 

Brandon, John. 230. 

Brandt. Jacob, 160. 

Brandt, John, 156, 

Bramgen, John, 148. 

Brannon, Charles J., 238. 

Branson. L*hiii}), 509. 

Brasell, John, 178? 

Brasher, Kphraim, mentioned. 309. 

Brasher, James C, 291. 

Brasher, Thilip, 296 ; alderman, 313, 
316. 317. 

Brashier. Abraham, 225. 

Brashier, Lawrence, 229. 

Brashier, Philip, 226. 

Brasier, Abraham, 160. 

Brasier, Henry. 23. 

Brasier. Tlninias, 94. 

Brass, A«lo!ph, 131, 182. 

Brass. Evert, 58. 

Brass. Gerrett, 58. 

Brass, Henry, 95. 

Brass, Peter, 107. 

Bratt, Isaac, 84. 

Bratt, Jacob. 68. 

Bratt, Peter, 125. 

Brazier, Abraham, 03. 

Brazier, Isaac, 175. 



Brazier, John, 125, sec Brasher, Bras- 
hier, Brasier. 

Bremen. Adam, 25. 

Breese, John, 117. 

Breese, Sidney, 123. 

Breeste, William, 611. 

Breesicd, Henry, 126. 

Breestcade, John, 73. 

Bresleade, Simon, 64. 

Bressteade, William, 611. 

Brett, Roger, 86 

Brevoort, Alexander, 192. 

Brevoori, Elias, 69, 13?, 1*45. 

Breevoort, Hendrick J. van, 59. 

Brevoort, Henry, 133. 186 ; alderman, 
313. 316, 317, 320. 

Brevoort, John, 145. 

Brewer, Charles, 190. 

Brewer, Cornelius, 129. 

Brewer, Jeremiah, 169. 

Brewer, John, 221. 

Brewer, Nicholas. i36. 

Brewerion, George, 143, 197 ; alderman, 

544- 
Brewerton, Jacob, 231. 

Bricklayers, complaint of, 507, 539. 

Bricard, Henry*, 95. 

Bridges, Dr. John, 84, 454. 

Bridgewaler, battle of, 396. 

Bricl, Tosyn, 21. 

Bright, Jeremiah. 93. 

Briggs, John, 118. 

Brimer, James, 129. 

Brinckerhoff. Abraham, 156, 208. 

Brinckerhoff, Ari, 158. 

Brinckerhoff, Dirick, 182, 208, 247. 

Brinckerhoff, (George, alderman, 504. 

Brinckerhoff. Henry, 207. 

Brinckerhoff, Joris, 117. 

Brisbin, William, 80. 

Britlain, Stephen P., alderman, 414. 

Broadhurst. Jonathan, 87. 

Broadhurst. Samuel, io6. 

lirock, /Abraham, 92. 

Brock, W'alter, 187 ; common council 

meet at his tavern, 504. 
Broderick, Jonathan, 97. 
Bronckhursi, John, 228. 
Brooke. Chidley, 56. 
lirookes, Philip, 87. 
Brookman. Thomas, 149, 508. 
Brooks, Abraham, 80. 
Brooks, Joshua, 80. 
Broome, John, alderman, 256, 263 ; 

mentioned, 30(9, 310, 311, 312, 317, 

328. 
Broughlon. Andrew, 87. 
Broughton. Sampson, 75. 
Broughton. Sampson Shelton, 75, 455, 

603, 615. 



632 



Brouwer. Alirahnm, 367. 


Butkmi^ter, Richaril, 582. 


Bmuwer, Aiiolph, loo. 


Buck St one, John. 339. 


Bromver. Sebrant. 103. 


Buena Visla, battle of. 432. 423. 


Brou»-.^r. lllrk-k, 158. 


Bueno. Jo,«ph, 587. 


Brovver. Aliraham. 157, 2ir, 365. 285, 


Buitenhuis. Jan Gerisen. 25. 


509, 5IO- 


Bulfinch. John, I5S. 


Broivev. Al.lrick, 189, 


Buikley, I.icul. John, 57. 


Rroiver. U.ivi.l, 161. i3i). 


Bullock. Edward, 169. 


]lro»-er, Kveraidu^, 137. 168. 


Bulsenk, Cornelius 53- 


Hmn-«r, Isaac, 25:. 


Bnnce, Samuel. 231.^ 


Brower, }s^<,b, 16S. iSg, aoa, 303. 


Bunnell. Elias, 196. 


50-). 


Bunyan, Arthur. 65. 


Brower. Jnlin. t''^, 210. 


Burljanck. Thomas. i32. 


Browcr, rctrns, 16C). 


Burch, Francis, 227. 


B,q.>ver. Saimld, 147. 


Burcli, Tiiomas, 338. 


Brc.»n, Anthony, 230. 


Hurchell, Henrv, 192. 


Brown, llaiiicl, 167. 


Burck, Joseph, 1S5. 


Brown, David. iSo. aio. 


Hutd, Bartrara, 153. 


Brown, Duncan, 158, 505. 


Burg, John, 173. 


Brown, Kveret. Jia. 


Burge. Richard, 169, 


Brow.i, Gcorye. 54. a73- 


Burger, Ca-sper, 133. 


Brown, Gen. Jacoh, presenled wilh (he 


Burger. Claes, 73. 


rreedom of li.e cily, 382. 388. 394- 


Burger, Hnniel. 138, 204. 


397 ; 10 il for Ilia |)ortr»it, 38a j his 


Burger, Elia-s, 103, 140. 


Ullcr of actciilain;!;, 3S<j ; description 


Bulger, Gerardui, 278. 


of ihe gold bcix. 31,7. 


Burger, (Icrrelt, 63. 


Brown. Jacob, .13. 


Burger. Gill.err, 3:5. 


Brown, Janie., yl, 130, I5I. 


Burger. Harmanus 68. 


Brown, lolian M.. 19a. 


Burger, Johannes, 67, 123, jgg. 


■Hro.vn, Jol,n. 113, 170, 103.315,246. 


Bitr^cr. John. 140. 


Brown, Nicholas, So. 


Burger, John .Milde, 201. 


Brown. Noah, alderman. 3S1. 3S3, 31)3- 


Burger, Manus. 197. 


Browii, S.iniuel. 107, I39. 1S3, 


Burger, Nicholas, 124. 


Brou-ii, Thomas. 114, 130, 333. 


Hutger. Tcier. C4, 140. 204. 591, 


Brown, Willi.im, 1)0, l3o, iSj. 178. 


Burger. Kenier, 1-! = . 


Browne. Klii.ihcLli. 613. 


Bui^hers.the right of.e.slablished in: 


Browne. Kichard. 113. 


Amsterdam, 4. 5 : peddlers must 


Browning. George, loi. 


come. 10; Ihe great and smaB, 


Br.nvrj..hn. 'riiom.is. jso. 


form of cerlificales and fees. 


Brownj,.lin. Dr. William, 130. 235. 


oaih, I3; liM oF great, 19: m 


Brucn, I'hoinas. a7S. 


19-25 : non-].aymem of fees. 


Brugham, Samuel, 153. 


petition of, 27 ; ordered 10 oh 


Brni^nian. Godfriwi, 310. 


their certificates. 31 n-ivulalions 


Brugman. Henry. ij4. 


33. .13. 35- 4' : see Freemen. 


Brush. t;rean. 333. 


Burgin, I'hilip. 2S1. 


Brmc. John M.me, 199. 


Hurgins, Captain John, presented ' 


Bruynien. Jodiem, 21. 


the freedom of the city, 163, 511 


Bukc, IlcndricU. 91. 


Burglss, Oliver 3 3. 


ilrvanl. Henrv. ilji. 


Bu gi.nia-teis and Schcpen^ pelilini 


Bri-nnl, William, i.j. 


burgher lights ,3, II ; on app, 


Bucli.anan, Alexander, 243. 


ment of city ofiiciuls, 13 ; conii 


Buchanan. I.imes, mentioned, 435. 


of non-payment of burgher righiK, 


Buchanan. Iidni. 237. 


petition to, of Imrgliers. 37 ; and S 


Itnchanan. 'Malc.m, 24!!. 




l!u,-kL-nl.oven, John. (.3. 


eis to lake out their certifitaic'. 


Buckhovcn. Stephen, (19. 


complain of the peddlers, 33. 


Buckmaiter, Eli/.ihcth. 583. 


Hurk, Kichard, 88. 


B^Tckmasicr, Ge<.TgL-. alderman. 379. 


Burle, Joshua. Cil. 


BuckuiaMct. Hannah. 583, 


Burleigh. Benjamin. 131. 


Buckmasler, Ma.y. 5^3- 


Burling. Benjamin, 614. 



INDEX. 



633 



Burling, Edward, 52, 585, 6l2, 614, 
618. 620. 

Burling, Lancaster, 195. 

Burling, Samuel, mentioned, 309. 

Burliflg, Thomas, 2l8. 

Burn, Robert, 198. 

Burnet, George, 107. 

Burnet, Governor William, presented 
with the freedom of the city, lOO, 
469. 

Burnet, William, 116. 

Burnett, John, 96. 

Burnett. Colonel Ward B., .presented 
with Jackson's gold box, 405, 406. 

Burns, Abraham, 139. 

Burns, George, 139 ; dinner to Gov- 
ernor Osborn at his tavern, 517. 

Burns, Thomas, 196. 

Burnton, Thomas, 153. 

Burras, Lawrence, 155. 

Burroughs, John, 125. 

Burrows, Benjamin, 232. 

Burrows, John, 222. 

Burrows. Thomas, 54, 279, 576. 

Burt, Maynard, 145. 

Burt, Richard, 211. 

Burt, Samuel, 54. 

Burtis, After, 160. / 

Burtsel, Dr. Peter, 83. 

Bush, Albertus, 151. 

Bush, Barenl, 70, 135. 

Bush, Hendrick, 69. 

Bush, Isaac, 189. 

Bush, Justice, 64. 

Bush, Peter, 132. 

Bush, Staats, 188. 

Bush, Urion. 64. 

Bush6eld, Thomas, 248. 

Buskirk, Lawrence, 248. 

Buss. Peter J., 69. 

Bussey, James. 82, 610, 61 r. 

Bussey, Robert, 78. 

Bussing, Aaron, 142, 149, 508. 

Bussing, Abraham, 165, 509. 

Bussing, Benjamin, 234. 

Bussing, Hannanus, 2c6. 

Bussing, Isaac, 1 18, 205. 

Bussing, James, 168. 

Bussing, John, 173. 

Bussing, Timothy, 204. 

Bussing, William, 270. 

Butler, Edmund, 283. 

Butler, Michael, U)4. 

Builer, William, 194, 218, 283. 

Button, Thomas, 80. 

Butts, Daniel, 54. 

Buttwell, Thomas, 126. 

Buvelot, Jacques G., 1 13. 

Buys, Isaac, 161. 

Buys, Jacobus, 156. 



Buys, Jan Cornelissen, 22. 

Buys, Johannes, 92. 

Buys, Mathew, 212. 

Buys, Peter Jacobsen, 19. 

l^yerley, Thomas, presented with the 

freedom of the city, 86, 457. 
Byers, James, 216. 
Byfield, Richard, 144. 
Byfield, William, 98. 
Byrne, Lieutenant Edmund, mentioned, 

418. 
Byvanck, Anthony, 96, 184. 
Byvanck, Evert, 117, 139, 203. 
Byvanck, Henry, 170. 
Byvanck, Johannes, 72. 
Byvanck, John, 123, 182. 
Byvanck, Petrus, 182. 
Byvanck, William, 217. 

Cadogan, William, 154. 

Cairns, William, 184. 

Caleb Grimshaw, packet ship, 426. 

Callaghanc, Owen, 104. 

Callaway, William, 80. 

Callcutt, Jeremiah, 82. 

Campanal, Valentine, 92. 

Campbell, Alexander, 146, 508, 509. 

Campbell, Archibald, 109, 187. 

Campbell, General Donald, 293. 

Campbell, Duncan, 198. 

Campbell, James, 129, 203, 241. 

Campbell, John, 126, 149, 198, 509, 

510. 
Campbell, Malcolm, 155. 
Campbell, Robert, 88. 
Campbell, Thomas, 218. 
Campbell, Thomas L, 366. 
Campbell. William, 219, 245. 
Campling, John, 112. 
Canada, Gen. Amherst congratulated 

on the reduction of, 523-529. 
Cannon, Abraham, 224, 227. 
Cannon, Andrew, 147, 182. 
Cannon, Arnout, 194. 
Cannon, Isaac, 98. 
Cannon, John, 72. 
Cannon, Peter, 133. 
Cannon, William, 154, 
Capito, Matys, 22. 
Carcas, Abraham, 108. 
Cardy, William, 122. 
Care, John. 78. 
Cargill, James, 192. 
Cargill. John, 180. 
Cario, >Iichael, in. 
Carlee. Adam, 57. 
Carlile, William. 95, 167. 
Carman, John, 152. 
Carmen, Benjamin, 175. 
Carmer, Nicholas, 296. 



634 



INDEX. 



Carnier, Nicholas G., 293. 

Carmes, John, 208. 

Carow, Isaac, 1S7, 201. 

Carow, John, 220. 

Carow, Nicholas, 98. 

Carow, see Quereau. 

Carpender, Cleorge, 98. 

Carpender, John, 151 ; disfranchised, 

504. 
Carpender, Mrs, Mary, 109. 

Carpenel, Jan Jacobsen, 20. 

Carpenter, Stephen, 173. 

Carpenters, complaint of, against coun- 

^ try workmen, 507, 539. 

Carr, Anthony. 99. 

Carr, Bartholomew \V., 508. 

Carr, Gabriel, 168. 

Carr, James, 161. 

Carr, John, io3, 154, 508. 

Carr, Robert, 161. 509. 

Carr, William, 125, 199, 508. 

Carre, Lewis, 54. 

Carroll, Andrew, 149. 

Carroll, James, 179. 

Carroll, Patrick, 168. 

Carroll, Thomas, 74, 582. 

Carstang, Gideon, 162, 278. 

CarsUng, Isaac, 171, 173. 

Carstensen. Clacs, 20. 

Carter, Daniel, 171. 

Carter, James, 244. 

Carter, Kobcjrt, 109, 278. 

Carter, Samuel, 153. 

Carter, Stephen, 590. 

Carter, Thomas, 140. 

Carter, Vincent, 197. 

Carter, William, 84, 454. 

Carter, Mrs, Zcrujah, 103. 

Caspersen, Peter van Naerden, 20. 

Cassady, John, 243. 

Cavelier, Henry, 107. 

Cavelier, John, 130. 

Caverly, Joseph, 2Ck;, 

Caverly, Peter, r86. 

Caye. Jolmack, 509, 510. 

Cazalet, John, 86, 126, 607. 

Cazalet, Noah, 99. 

Cebe, Paul Francis, 144. 

Cebra, James, 84, 201. 

Cerutz, Christopher G., 162. 

("hadwick, John, 169. 

Chad wine, Josejih, 195. 

Chaigneau, Peter, 55, 596. 

Chalouer, Ninion. 102. 

Chambers, John, in, 242; presented 
with the freedom of the city, in, 
476 ; alderman, 485, 487 ; city clerk, 

515. 5i<'>- 
Chambers, Thomas, 56. 
Chambers, William, 82. 



Champion, Frances, 578. 

Chandler, Samuel. 276. 

Channing, William, 113. 

Chapell, William, 142. 

Chappie, Herman, 245. • 

Chappie, Peter, 227. 

Chardavoine, Elias, 95, 97, 140, 205. 

Chardavoine, Isaac, 117, 204. 

Chardavoine, Jeremiah, 98. 

Chardavoine, Joseph, 195. 

Chardavoine, Stephen, 90, 

Charlton, James, 135. 

Charlton, Peter, 144. 

Charter of the city, rights granted by 
Col. Nicolls, 43; petition to Gov. 
Dongan, 43 ; his grant, 48 ; Gov. 
Montgomorie petitioned for a new 
charter, 479 ; granted, 481 ; act of 
1801 relating to charter officers, 297; 
proceedings to amend the charter 
abolishing the elective franchise of 
freemen and freeholders, 299-365 ; 
protest of the corporation, 314 ; ihe 
act of 1804 amending, 355 ; neglect 
of the charter clause in regard to 
freemen, 365 ; Kent's note on the 
freeman clause, 420. 

Charters, Joseph, 233. 

Chattam, Thomas, 87. 

Chatterton, Shadrich, 192. 

Chauncey, Lieut. Charles W., men- 
tioned, 468. 

Chauncey, Com, Isaac, mentioned, 418. 

Cheeseman, Joseph. 269. 

Cheeseman, Thomas, 185. 

Cheelham, James, mentioned, 342, 344. 

Cherub, frigate, 439, 

Cherbacker, John, 226. 

Cherry tree, Kvert, 73. 

Chesham, John, 40. 

Cheshire, William, 97. 

Child, Francis, 130. 154, 229. 

Child. John, 215. 

l^hild, Thomas, 74, 112, 142. 

Chipp, Charles J., alderman, 433. 

Chippewa, battle of, 382, 388. 396. 

Chishull, Anthony, 76. 

Chollwell, John, 76. 

Christee, John, 146, 162. 

Christian, Michael, 596. 

Churcher, William, 69. 

Churchill, Edward, 92. 

Church well, John, 165. 

City JI.iU, burghers to apply for their 
certificates at, 31 ; freemen to be reg- 
istered at, 52, 540; on fire in 1747, 
I57» 158, 505 ; altered by Major 
I'Knfant for the use of congress, 286, 
287, 412; portraits for the gallery in, 
369. 373, 378, 381, 382, 388, 405, 



INDEX. 



635 



538 ; laws published at, after the ring- 
ing of three bells, 448, 459, 483 ; 
illuminated for the victories in Mex- 
ico. 422, 423. 

Claesen, Andries, 24. 

Claesen, Dirck, 24. 

Claesen, Douwe, 25. 

Claesen, Frans, 24. 

Claesen, Syboul, 21. 

Claesen, Symon, 617. 

Claesen, \Villiam, 24. 

Claghorne, Charles, 116. 

Clancy, John, councilman, 560. 

Clapham, George, 190. 

Clapp, John, 56, 572. 

Clardock, Benjamin, 165. 

Clark, John, 251. 

Clark, Samuel, 243. 

Clarke, Alexander, 222. 

Clarke, Dorothy, 590. 

Clarke, George, presented with the free- 
dom of the city, 86, 457. 

Clarke, James, 157. 

Clarke, John, 117, 215, 228, 589. 

Claike, Luke, 184. 

Clarke, Robert, 131. 

Clarke, Thomas, 64 ; deputy sheriff, 
50. 

Clarke, William, 80. 

Clarkson, David, lio, 169. 

Clarkson, Levinus, 223. 

Clarkson. Matthtw, 57, no. 

Claudi, Jean. 105. 

Clauson, Anthony, 242. 

Clawson, Jacob, 193. 

Clem. John, 222. 

Clements, Moses, 186. 

Clerembault, Francis, 105. 

Clifton, Benjamin, 165. 

Clinton, De Witt, mayor, 370-398; ad- 
dress to Capt. Hull, 372 ; to Capt. 
Bainhridge, 379 ; letter to Com. 
Perry, 380 ; address to Com. Perry, 
382 : letter to Com. Macdonough, 
384 ; address to Com. Decatur, 385 ; 
his resolutions on Gen. Macomb's vic- 
tory, 387 ; letter to Gen. Brown, 388 ; 
letter to Gen. Macomb. 390; address 
to Gen. Macomb, 391 ; address to 
Com. Macdonough, 393 ; address to 
Gen. Brown, 395. 

Clinton, Gov. George, presented with 
the freedom of the city, 1743, ^4^* 
501 ; treats with the Indians. 513. 

Clinton, Gov. fieorge, presented wiih 
the freedom of the city, 1784, 251, 
254, 255, 257 ; vetoes the charter bill, 

358. 
Clinton, George, member of assembly, 

347. 



Clock, Abram, 23. 

Clock, Albert, 66. 

Clock, Jacob, 209. 

Clock, Martin, 114, 607. 

Clock, see Klock. 

Clopper, Andrew, 132. 

Cloppcr, Cornelius, 135, 145, 200, 621. 

Clopper, Cornelius Jansen, 20. 

Clopper, John, 128. 

Clopper, Peter, 146. 

Clopton, Rous, 92. 

Clotworth, John, 84. 

Clouder. Isaac, 83. 

Cobb, William, 193. 

Cobham, James, 232. 

Cobhams, William, 184. 

Cock, Abraham, 192. 

Cock, Jacobus, 64. 

Cocke, George, 94. 

Cockerill, Thomas, presented with the 

freedom of the city, 89, 462. 
Cockran, John, 509. 
Cockran, Joseph, 200. 
Cockran, Phillip, 508. 
Cockrem, Philip, 99, 149, 284. 
Cocks, John, 143. 
Cocq, Helie, 576. 
Coddington, Uzziah, 269. 
Coden, James, 114. 
Codman, Thomas, 91. 
Codwise, Christopher, 107. 
Cod wise, John C, 94. 
Coe, Isaac, 245. 
Coe, John, 116. 
Coeburne, Thomas, 78. 
Coenraet, Octavo, 94. 
Coerten, (jeurt, 23. 
Coesart, David, 64. 
Coesart, George, 152. 
Coesart, John, 61. 
Cohen, Abraham M., 135. 
Coker, Thomas, 577. 
Colardis, Archeliaus, 157. 
Colden, Alexander, 179. 
Colden, Cadwallader D., mayor, 404, 

address to Gen. Jackson, 408. 
Cole, Baruch, 103. 
Cole, Edward, 75. 
Cole, Jacob, 155. 
Cole, John, 152. 
Colegrove. Francis, 229, 245. 
Colegrove, William, 134. 
Coleman, Henry, 63, 585. 
Coles, Nathanel, 190. 
Coles, Stephen, 279. 
Collard, James, 242. 
Collard, Richard, 69. 
Collet, William. 289. 
Collineau, Matthew, 61. 
CoUinwood, Sarah, 598. 



636 



INDEX. 



Collinwood, Thomas, 598. 

Collins, John, 86. 

Collins, Thomas, 169. 

Collister, Thomas. 219. 

Colly, James, 602. 

Colly, Margaret, 602. 

Colvcl. Peter, 94. 

Colwell, James, 163. 

Colwell, Peter, 147. 

Colwell, William, 137. 

Comfort, IJenjamin, 191. 

Concklin, laaac, 185. 

Concklin, Jonathan, 243. 

Concklin, Josiah, 269. 

Concklin, Nicholas, 245. 

Congreve, Charles, 84, 454. 

Coninck, Aldert, 20. 

Conneley, John, So, 146. 

Connelly, James, 227. 

Connelly, Peter, 176. 

Conner, Bryan. 238. 

Connihane, William, lOO. 

Connolly, I)r. Alexander, 167. 

Connoly, Jnmes, 241. 

Connoly, William, 246. 

Connor, William, 98, 241. 

Conover, Daniel D., councilman, 560. 

Conrow, Darling, 216. 

Constitution, frigate, 369, 373, 376, 379, 
400, 404. 

Constable, John, 126. 

Cook, Capt. David, presented with the 
freedom of the city, 426. 

Cook, David. 119. 

Cook, Epaphras, 246. 

Cook, John G., 164. 

Cook, Richard, 136. 509. 

Cooke. Dirck, 127. 

Cooke, Elizabeth. 612. 

Cooke, Richard Clarke, 150. 

Cooke, William, 84, 137, 612. 

Cool, I'arent Jacobzen, 21. 

Coolbach, John, 191. 

Cooley, Francis, 59, 1S9, 449. 

Cooley, John, 40. 64, 105. 

Coon, Samuel, 176. 

Cooper, Caleb, 75. 6oo. 

Cooper, Cornelius, 198. 

Cooper, Richard, 7S. 

Cooper, Wool fori, 199. 

Coort, Simon Hermsen, 25. 

(^ope, Alexander, 79. 

Cope, Thomas, 153. 

Coppe, Jacob (!lazen, 20. 

Corbetl, Thomas, 140. 

Corbey, John, 165. 

Corby, William, 234. 

Corda/, Henry, 119. 

Cornbury, (iov. Edward, Viscount, pre- 
sented with the freedom of the city, 



^St 455 * 1^^^ friends and S' 

made freemen, 84. 
Cornerteau, Laurence, 55. 
Cornelisen, Jan van Hoorn, 21. 
Cornelisen, Lamens van Wei, ig 
Cornelison, Cornelius, 91. 
Cornelison, Michael, 193. 
Cornelisse, Johannes, 77. 
Cornelisse, Lawrence, 77. 
Cornelisse, Michael, 121. 
Cornelissen, Gerrit, 23. 
Cornelissen, Jan van Vlensburgh 
Cornelissen, Peter van der Vee 

29. 
Cornelius, John, 148. 
Cornell, Jacob, 180. 
Cornell, Peter, 186. 
Cornish, Richard, 225. 
Cornwell, David, 241. 
Cornwell, Richard, 181. 
Corre, Joseph, 279. 
Corrin, Thomas, 109. 
Corsa. L'^aac, 206. 
Cortlandt, Philip, alderman, 471. 
Cosby, Major Alexander, presentc 

the freedom of the city, 121, 49 
Cosby, (jrace, 486. 
Cosby, Capt. William, 127, 495. 
Cosby, Gov. William, presented 

the freedom of the city, 120, 

family of, 488-492. 
Cosens, Harne, 75, 597. 
Cosens, John, 597. 
Cothoneau, Thauvet Elie, 605. 
Cottle, John, 2S3. 
Coulter, James E. , mentioned, 43 
Coupar, Capt. Henry, mentioned 
Cour>en, Jacob, 600. 
Coursen, John, 600. 
C-oursen, Meije, 600. 
Coursen, Teunis, 77. 
Courte, Edward, 56, 573. 
Courtrecht, Cornelius. 118. 
Cousine, Cornelius, loi, 107. 
Cousine, Gerret, 58, no, 508. 
Cousine, John, 130, 169. 
Cousine, Walter, 209. 
Coussenu, Jacques, 25, 29. 
Couwenhoven, F'rancis, 66, 235. 
Couwenhoven, James, 248. 
Couwenhoven, Johannes, 73, 158. 
Couwenhoven, John, 142, 508. 
Couwenhoven, Paulus, 176. 
Couwenhoven, William, 279. 
Couwenhoven, see \'an Couvvenh< 
Covert, David, 291. 
Cowdrey, Samuel, 177. 
Cowdry, Jonathan, 222. 
Cowdry, Samuel, 365, 366 ; ment 

33L 333, 342. 



INDEX. 



637 



Cowenhoven, see Couwenhoven. 

Cowley, Joseph, 129. 

Cowley, William, 193. 

Cox, David, 118. 

Cox, James, 152. 

Cox, John, 124. 

Cox, Joseph, 198. 

Cox, Thomas, 90, 122. 

Coxeter, Bartholomew, 177. 

Crabb, Thomas, 224. 

Craig, John, 234, 274. 

Craikhoyt, John, loi. 

Crampshire, Thomas, 171. 

Crane, Benjamin, alderman, 411, 414. 

Crane, Elijah, 246. 

Crane, Ezekiel, 244. 

Crane, Josiah, 176. 

Crannell, Bartholomew, 162. 

Crannell, Robert, 74, 96, 214, 451. 

Crawford, Hugh, 141. 

Crawford, John, 1S2. 

Crawford, Joseph, 168. 

Crawford, Patrick, 85. 

Crawford, William, 212, 214, 241. 

Crawson, John, 265. 

Cready, James, 211. 

Creamer, Balthnzer, 226. 

Cree, John, 188, 205. 

Creed, William, 152. 

Cregier, Cornelius, 205, 309. 

Cregier, Henry, 163. 

Cregier, John, 136. 

Cregier, John C, 290. 

Cregier, Martin, 19. 27, 69, 150. 

Cregier, Simon, 126, 205, 617. 

Crego, John, 618. 

Crego, Richard, 591. 

Creighton, James, 100. 

Creighton, Capt. Robert, presented with 

the freedom of the city, 427, 558. 
Crilin, William, 166. 
Crimshier, John D., 226. 
Crisp, John, 192. 
Cristie, John, 146. 
Crofts, William, 120. 
Croker, John, 138. 
Crolius, Clarkson, alderman, 313, 316, 

317, 320. 
Crolius, Peter, 133, 204. 
Crolius, William, ii2, 133, 231. 
Crom, William, 89. 
Crommelin, Charles, 61. 
Crommelin, Daniel, 62. 
Crooke, Arnold, 577. 
Crooke, Charles, 131. 
Crooke, Gabriel, 131. 
Crook, Gertrude, 602. 
Crook, John, 577, 602. 
Crosby, Samuel, 192. 
Crosevelt, Baye, 73. 



Cross, Johannes, 60. 

Cross, John, 157. 

Cross, Joseph, 60. 

Crossfield, Stephen, 152. 

Crosskoop, John George, 227. 

Crossley, Henry, 56. 

Crossley, William, 233. 

Crouch, Gregory, 150. 

Crouch, Thomas, 87. 

Crow, Hugh, 85. 

Crowne, Richard, 75. 

Cruger, John, 85, 612 ; mayor, 139, 

186, 502, 527, 520, 534, 536, 551 ; 

alderman, 469, 471, 472, 485, 487. 
Cruger, John Harris, 207. 
Cruger, Nicholas, 207. 
Crum, Henry, 244. 
Crum, John, 165, 179. 
Crum, Peter, 176. 
Cruytdorp, Barnet, 25. 
Cullum, John, 81. 
Cumberland, frigate, 424. 
Cumpton, Samuel, 192. 
Cunningham, John, 274. 
Cunningham, Matthew, 248. 
Cure, John, 129. 
Curry, Archibald, 225. 
Cursen, Richard, 185. 
Curtenius, Peter, member of assembly, 

347- 
Custis, Daniel, 78. 

Cuyler, Abraham, 159. 

Cuyler, Barent, 230. 

Cuyler, Henry, 105. 

Cuyler, Johannes, 60. 

Cyane, sloop of war, 401, 402. 

Dacres, Capt. James R., 369. 

Dalglish, John, 190. 

Dalley, GifTord, 214. 

Dalley, John, 146, 166, 183. 

Dalley, Nicholas, 76, 617. 

Dalmage, Jacob, 248. 

Dalson, Tunis, 243. 

Daly, Benjamin, 152. 

Damakin, Bernard, 78. 

Damean, Marietta, 581. 

Daniell, John, 449. 

Daniell, Jonathan, qo. 

Danielson, Jesse, 272. 

Darcey, James, 106. 

Daries, Abraham, 150. 

Darkins, Robert, alderman, 572, 576, 

577. 
Darlington, William, 167. 

Dart. Thomas, 108. 

Darvall, William, mayor, 41. 

Dash, John Baltus, 193. 

Davan, James, 191. 

Davenport, Daniel, 241. 



638 



INDEX. 



Davenport, Humphrey, 160. 

Davenport, James, 243. 

Davenport, John, 64, 156, 243. 

Davenport, Thomas, 76. 

Davenport, Vivian, 227. 

David, Esther, 61. 

David, James, 508. 

David, John, 84, 604, 605, 610. 

David, Joshua, 55, 617. 

Davids, William, 247. 

Davics, David, 152. 

Davies, Garret, 152. 

Davis, Anne, 619. 

Davis, David, 99, 185. 

Davis, Edward, 80. 

Davis, P'rancis, 160. 

Davis, George, 78. 

Davis, James, ^84, 243 ; mentioned, 

432. 
Davis, Jeremiah, ic8. 
Davis, John, 85, 107, 118, 180, 189, 196, 

231. 
Davis, Jonathan, 78. 
Davis, Joseph, 66. 
Davis, Lewis, 55. 
Davis, Matthew L., mentioned, 332, 

335, 341- 
Davis, Philip. 89. 

Davis, Richard, 80, 113. 

Davis, William, 78, 85. 

Davis, William, presented with the 

freedom of the city, 213, 538. 
Davison, Francis, presented with the 

freedom of the city, 157, 505. 
Davison, George, 585. 
Davison, Nicholas, 245. 
Davison, William, 247, 367. 
Davy, James, 83, 128. 
Davy, John. 57. 
Daw, Isaac, 152. 
Dawson. Charles, 114. 
Dawson, George, mentioned, 432. 
Dawson, John, 219. 
Dawson, Roper, 177. 
Day, Abraham, 243. 
Day, Jacob, 269. 
Day, John, 243. 
Day, William, 55, 234, 244. 
Dayton, William L. , mentioned, 434. 
Deacon, Joseph, 244. 
Deal, Samuel, 207. 
Dean, John, 97. 
Dean, Joseph, 509. 
Dean, William, 140, 279. 
Deane, Elkannah, 212. 
Deane, Nisbet. 212. 
Deas, James, 212. 
De'Bevois, Charles, 241. 
De IMau, Waklron, 199. 
DeBourepos, Alexander, 103, 604. 



De Bonrepos, David, 59. 

De Bonrepos, Elie, 604. 

De Boogh, John, 127. 

Debris, Albert, 82. 

De Camp, Ezekiel, 277. 

De Casarez, Abraham, 98. 

Decatur, Com. Stephen presented with 
the freedom of the city, 370, 385- 
387 ; to sit for his portrait, 371 ; cele- 
bration of his victory, 371 ; public 
dinner, 371. 

Decker, Johannes de, of the council* 

33. 
Decojity, Peter, 285. 

De Duyster, Barent, 166. 

Deeling, John, 228. 

De Fenne, Fran9ois, 606. 

De Foreest, Abraham, 160. 

De Foreest, Barent, 105. 

De Foreest, Bernard, 214. 

De Foreest, Henry, 124, 230. 

De Foreest, Isaac,' 19, 125. 

De Foreest, Jesse, 129. 

De Foreest, John, 205. 

De Foreest, Nicholas, 127. 

De Graaff, Garret, 163. 

De Graaff, Johannes, 117, 150. 

De Graw, Garret, 164. 

De Gray, John, 159. 

De Grool, Cornelius, 149. 

De Groot, Jacob, 233. 

De Groot, John, 185. 197, 279. 

De Groot, Samuel, 196. 

De Groot, Staats, 509. 

De Groot, William P., 21. 

De Grove, Adolph, 144. 

De Grove, Gerretl, 64. 

De Grove, Leonard, 59. 

De Grove, Peter, loi. 

De Grove, Walter, 200. 

De Grushe, Adam, 208. 

De Grushe, Cornelius, 232. 

De Grushe, Elias, 160, 208, 2S1. 

De Haes, Andries, 23. 

D'Hariette, Benjamin, 75, 621. 

De Hart, Balthazar, 134. 

De Hart, Matthias, 72. 

De Hart, Maurice, 137. 

De Joncourt, Peter, 151. 

De Jongh, Jan, 19. 

De Key, Hillegond, 603. 

De Key, Jacob, 582, 615. 

De Klyne, Leonard, 200. 

De Klyne, Leonard H,, 67. 

De Lage, Peter, 119. 

Delamater, Abraham, 245. 

Dela mater, Isaac, 117, 168, 187. 

Delanialer, John S., 290. 

Delamater, Samuel, 187, 277. 

Delamontagne, Isaac, 109. 



INDEX. 



639 



Delamonlagne, Jacobus, 99, 123 ; alder- 
man, 292. 

Delamontagne, John, 69, 94, 206. 

Delamontagne, Peter, 114. 

Delamontagne, Thomas, 113. 

Delamontagne, Vincent, 119. 

De Lamontanie, Abraham, 149. 

De Lamontanie, Isaac, 148. 

De Lamontanie, John, 148. 

De Lancey, James, presented with the 
freedom of the city, 115, 483. 

De Lancey, John, 132. 

De Lancey, Oliver, 517. 

De Lancey, Stephen, 53. 

De Lanoy, Abraham, 24, 151, 155, 168, 
211, 592, 604. 

De Lanoy, James, 149. 

De Lanoy, John, 148, 509. 

De Lap, Joseph, 173. 

Delaplaine, Nicholas, 21. 

Delaplaine, James K., 276. 

De Latane, John, 58. 

Delavall, Thomas, mayor, 42. 

Delloe, George, 40. 

De Lucena, Abraham, 88. 

De Lucena, Samuel, 193. 

Demaree, Christian, 176. 

Demaree, Daniel, 270. 

Demaree, David, 185. 

Demaree, Jacob, 192. 

Demaree, Joost, 168. 

Demaree, Peter, 218. 

Demaree, Samuel, 155. 

Demarest, Abraham, 247. 

Demarest, David, 273. 

Demarest, David E., 241. 

Demarest, Jacob, 278. 

Demarest, Joseph, 243. 

Demarest, Nicholas, 241. 

Demarest, Peter, 144. 

Demarest, Simon, 282. 

De Meyer, Nicholas, 21 ; mayor, 39, 
42. 

De Milt, Anthony, 25, 509. 

De Milt, Joost, 136. 

De Milt, Peter, 208. 

Deniseau, Charles, 67. 

Dennc, Christopher, 84. 

Dennis, John, 116. 

Dennis, Patrick, 237. 

Dennison, John, 281. 

Denniston, David, mentioned, 309. 

Denny, John, 188. 

Denton, John, 97. 

De Pabia, Roland, 181. 

De Perie, Jan, 22. 

De Peyster, Abraham, mayor, 55, 577 ; 
alderman, 517 ; treasurer of the col- 
ony. 517. 

De Peyster, Gerrard, 203. 

41 



De Peyster, Isaac, 67, 115 ; alderman, 

115, 483, 487. 
De Peyster, Johannes, schepen, 14, 29 ; 

mayor, 71, 72 ; witness, 607. 
De Peyster, Nicholas, 206. 
De Peyster, Pierre, alderman, 517. 
De Peyster, William, 121, 202. 
De Pree, Jan, 23. 
De Pue, John, 283. 
De Riemer, Isaac, 75, 599 ; mayor, 

451, 592, 593- 
De Riemer, Nicholas, T97. 

De Remier, Peter, 219. 
De Riemer, Steenwyck, 125. 
Derham, Henry, 181. 
Dernie, Philip, 96. 
Derry, Patrick, 187. 
Desgrange, Elias, 85, 456. 
Detluff, Henry, 215. 
Deusy, Jan, 29. 
De Voe, Aaron, 223. 
De Voe, Daniel, 58, 188. 
De Voe, David, 70, 165. 
De Voe, Frederick, 197, 287. 
De Voe, Jacobus, 183. 
De Voe, John, 102, 149. 
De Voe, Joseph, 108, 210. 
De Voe, Nicholas, 93, 174, 184, 
De Voe, Teunis, 100. 
De Voe, William, 107, 137, 367. 
De Wandelaer, Johannes, 60. 
De Wilde, John, 60, 580. 
De Witt, Daniel, 75. 
De Witt, Jan, 112. 
De Witt, John, 223. 
De Witt, Peter, 152. 
De Witt, William, 134, 202. 
Dey, Dirck Siecken, 24. 
Diaz, Isaac F., 61. 
Dibble, Jonathan, 173. 
Dick, Thomas, 241. 
Dickson, James, 192. 
Dickson, Robert, 174. 
Diers, Carsten van Bremen, 24. 
Dies, John, 150. 
t>Jggs, William, 82. 
Dighton, John, 104. 
Dillingham, Silvanus, 186. 
Dincklage, Lubertus van, of the coun- 
cil, 2. 
Dircksen, Evert, 20. 
Dircksen, Jan, 21. 
Dircksen, Luycas, 21. 
Divine, John, 279. 
Dixon, John Ryan, 234. 
Dobbins, Anthony, 159. 
Dobbins, George, 150. 
Dobbs, Adam, 125, 227. 
Dobbs, Charles, 138. 
Dobbs, William, 97, 138, 162, 171, 51 f. 



640 



INDEX. 



Dobey, John, 157. 

Dobson, Thomas, 102, 145. 

l)od, Mrs. Elinor, 116. 

Dod, George, 74. 

Dod, Thomas, 143, 509. 

Dodge, Amos, 168. 

Dodge, Christopher, 80. 

Dodge, Thomas, 206. 

Doeckes, William, 25. 

Doleman, John, 80. 

Dolson, Teunis, 70. 

Dominick, Francis, 196. 

Dominick, George, 196. 

Doolhagen, Arianiie, 93. 

Doolhagen, Dennis, 94. 

Donaldson, Joseph, 118. 

Donaldson, William, 150, 175. 

Donck, Daniel van, 29. 

Dongan, Gov. Thomas, grants a charter 

to ihe city, 43, 48. 
Do Porto, Jacob, 60. 
Dort, burgher right in the city of, 8. 
Dotty, Joseph, 122. 
Doublett, John, 59, 449. 
Dougall, Walter, 245. 
Doughty, Edward, 230. 
Doughty, Isaac, 276. 
Doughty, John, 278. 
Doughty, Philip, 191. 
Douglass, Benjamin, 184. 
Douglass, Isaac S.. 367 ; alderman, 391. 
Douglass, William, '57. 
Douw, John. 58, 159. 
Douwesen, Harmen, 24. 
Dover, John, 215. 
Dowden, John, 231. 
Dowers, John, 173. 
Dowler, William, 75. 
Downs, James, 164. 
Downs, John, T16, 153. 
Downs, Robert, 55. j 
Drake, James, 365, 366. 
Drake, Jasper, 152. 
Drake, Joseph, 208, 534. 
Drake, Robert, 92. 
Drake, Thomas, 279. 
Drayton, Capt. Percival, presented with 

the freedom of the city, 442. 
Dreper, Hans, 21. 
Drew, Samuel, 82. 
Drew, William, 142. 
Dreyer, Margaret, 615. 
Droilhet, Paul, 55, 621. 
Drummond, Donald, 236. 
Drummond, Robert, 75, 622. 
Drury, John, 91. 
Duane, Anthony, 97. 
Duane, James, mayor, 238, 239, 249, 

251-255, 257-259, 262, 264, 267, 
271. 



Du Bois, Jeremiah, 250. 
Du Bois, Peter, 249. 
Dubue, Rowland, 53. 
Dudley, Francis, 166, 509. 
Dudley, John, 199. 
Dudley, William, 199. 
Duffee, Duncan, 509, 510. 
Duffie, John, mentioned, 309. 
Dufour, W'illiam, 107. 
Dugan, Alexander, 241. 
Dugdale, William, 91. 
Dunbibbin, Daniel, 158. 
Duncan, George, 180, 611. 
Duncan, James, 169. 
Duncan, Margaret, 583. 
Duncan, Robert, 100. 
Duncan, Thomas, 134, 217. 
Dunham, Azariah, 290. 
Dunham, David, mentioned, 309. 
Dunham, David A., mentioned, 341. 
Dunk, John, 97. 
Dunkley, Joseph, 216, 295. 
Dunlap, John, 97, 178, 269. 586. 
Dunmore, Gov. John, Earl of, presented 
with the freedom of the city, 235, 

541. 
Dunn, Gary, 211, 294. 
Dunn, John, 92. 
Dunne, Christopher, 608. 
Dunscomb, Daniel, 112, 159. 
Dunscomb, James, 203. 
Dunscomb, John, 118. 
Dunscomb, Samuel, 130, 226, 
Du Pre, Jame?, 92. 
Du Puy, Andrew, 87. 
Du Puy, Dr. John, 94. 
Du Puy, Nicholas, 40. 
Durell, Jonathan, 178. 
Duries, Johannes, 163. 
Duryee, Dirick, 181. 
Duryee, Folkert, 167. 
Duryee, Jacob, 170. 
Duryee, John, 170, 209. 
Dusbrough, Hendrick, 40. 
Dusenbury, John, 273. 
Dustan. William, mentioned, 310. 
Duicher, Wilhelmus, 185. 
Duichie, James, 189. 
Duyckinck, Christopher, 235. 
Duyckinck, Evert, 21, 72. 
Duyckinck, Gerrardus, 117, 163. 
Duyckinck, Gerret, 73. 
Dwight, Joseph, 88. 
Dwight, Thomas, 118. 
Dyckman, Cornelius, 141. 
Dyckman, Garret, 70. 
Dyckman, Major Garret, claimant for 

Jackson's gold box, 405. 
Dyckman, Jacob, 141. 
Dyckman, Jacobus, mentioned, 310. 



INDEX, 



641 



Dyckman, Johannes, 73. 
Dyckman, Samuel, 203. 
Dyer, Henry, 113. 
Dyer, James, 572. 
Dyer, John, loi. 
Dyer, Thomas, 85, 585. 
Dyer, Major William, 572. 

Eagan, John, 169. 

Eagan, Richard, 126. 

Eagles, Thomas, 215. 

Eagles, William, 120, 215. 

Earle, Edward, 154. 

Earle, John, 140. 

Earle, Joseph, 280. 

Earle, Marmaduke, 135, 188. 

Earle, Morris, 188, 241. 

Earle, Oliver, 100. 

Earle, Peter, 208. 

Earnest, John, 208. 

Earnest, Mathias, 149. 

Earnest, Maihew, 228. 

Eastham, John, 133. 

Eastham, Edward, 92. 

Ebbert, John, 95. 

Ebbels, Daniel, 74, 221. 

Ebbets, Daniel I., 367. 

Ebbets, John, 158, 505. 

Ebbets, Richard. 138. 

Ebert, Philip, 216. 

Echt, William, 606. 

Ecker, Frederick, 20&. 

Eckerse, Thomas, 69. 

Eckerson, John, 126. 

Eckland, James, 144. 

Eckles, Lawrence, 89. 

Edgar, W'illiam, mentioned, 309-31X. 

Edmondson, George, 171. 

Edmondson, John, 576. 

Edmondson, Samuel, no. 

Edwards, Henry, 223. 

Edwards, John, 283. 

Edwards, Richard, 207. 

Edwards, Thomas, 118. 

Edmunds, Samuel, 181. 

Edmunds, William, 139. 

Edsal, Samuel, 23. 

Egbert, Benjamin, mentioned, 309. 

Egbert, Moses, 244. 

Egberts, Barney, 281. 

Egberts, Benjamin, 287. 

Egberts, James, 246. 

Egbertse, Dirck, 96. 

Egbertzen, Barent, 21. 

Eggerson, Cornelius, 58. 

Eight, Abraham, 159. 

Eight, Maurice, no. 

Elbertse, Aert, 68. 

Elde, Thomas, 95. 

Elderzen, Laycas, 22. 



Elderzen, Stoffel, 21. 
Eldridge, John, 578. 
Elines, James, 87. 
Elizabeth, ship from Berwick, 576. 
EUick, Clark, 95. 
Elliot, John, 207. 
Elliot, William, 80. 
Elliott, Robert, 160. 
Ellis, Frederick, 71. 
Ellis, John, 181. 
Ellis, Joseph, 68. 
Ellis, Samuel, 189. 
Ellis, William, 148. 
Ellison, Elizabeth, 75. 
Ellison, John, 54, 103, 156, 588. 
Ellison, Thomas, 230. 
Elnor, John, no. 
Elsworth, George, 94, 96, 138. 
Elsworth, John, 133, 146. 
Elsworth, Nicholas, 170. 
Elsworth, Theophilus, 106, 136. 
Elsworth, Verdine, 197. 
Elsworth, William, 118, 204, 214. 
Elting, Peter, 237. 
Ely, Abraham, 244. 
Ely, Joseph, 243. 
Ely, Moses, 243. 
Emery, Charles, 225. 
Emmans, Thomas, 158. 
Emmett, John, 194. 
Emott, Abraham, 160. 
Emoit, James, presented with the free- 
dom of the city, 63 ; witness, 572. 
Ene, Jasper, 588. 
English, William, 121. 
Ennis, George, 180. 
Ennis, Peter, 189. 
Ernest, John, 249. 
Essex, frigate, 439. 
Estenbrook, John, 157. 
Eteridge, James, 232. 
Etting, Benjamin, 225. 
Eustace, Thomas, 82. 
Eustick, Thomas, 136. 
Eustick, see Ustick. 
Evans, Catharine, 580. 
Evans, John, 56, 172. 
Evans, Thomas, 75, 80," 82, 451. 
Evans, William, 578. 
Everett, Edward, 65. 
Everts, Wessel, 22. 
Evertse, John, 73. 
Evertson, Nicholas, 75. 
Evertson, Wessel, 567. 
Ewoutse, Cornelius, 149. 
Ewoutse, Ewout, 98. 
Ewoutse, John, 65, 131, 156. 
Eyre, Merchant, 91. 
Eyres, Nicholas, 102. 
Exceen, John, 154, 508. 



642 



INDEX. 



Fabricius, Rev. Jacob, 40. 

Fach, George, 223. 

Faech, Michael, 243. 

Fagan, Daniel, 243. 

Fagenham, Christopher, 237. 

Faget, John, 74, 593. 

Fafrday, Abraham, 94. 

Fairday, Elizabeth, 93. 

Falkenham, Samuel, 215. 

Faneuil, Benjamin, 74, 595. 

Fardon, Abraham, 230. 

Farley, Terrence, alderman, 433. 

Farmar, Anthony, 58, 576, 578. 

Farmar, Elizabeth, 578, 582. 

Farmar, Jasper, 128. 

Farquhar, Hugh, 61. 

Farquharson, James, 212. 

Farr, Stephen, 187. 

Farragut, Admiral David G., presented 

with the freedom of the city, 439- 

442. 
Farrell, Martin, 223. 
Farrell, John, 166. 
Fasch, Henry, 210. 
Faucounnier, Peter, 84, 454. 
Faucott, Andrew, 55. 
Fauiers, James, no. 
Faulkner, John, 232. 
Favier, Stephen, 218. 
Fay, Jacob, 211. 
Fay, John, 167. 
Fay, Philip, 242. 

Fell, Christopher, 123 ; alderman, 495. 
Fell, Symon, 21. 
Fell, Thomas, 93. 
Fenton, Benjamin, 174. 
Ferdon, Th )mas, 242. 
Ferguson, Elijah, 191. 
Ferguson, John, mayor, 400. 
Ferris, Edward, mentioned, 344. 
Ferris, Eliphalet, 171. 
Ferris, Jehiel, 244. 
Feurt, Bartholemew, 74, 611, 619. 
Few, William, member of assembly, 

327, 329* 347- 
Field, Jeremiah, 191. 

Field, Thomas, 130. 

Fielding, George, 117. 

Fielding, Nicholas, 56. 

Filkin, Henry, 118. 

Finch, Adam, 234. 

Finch, Alexander, 209. 

Finch, John, 76. 

Finch, Peter, 106. 

Fincham, Thomas, in. 

Fincher, Abraham, 107, 196. 

Fine, Frederick, 126. 

Fine, John, 178. 

Finey. John, 588. 

Fiot, Philip, 119. 



Fish, John, 234. 

Fish, Nathan, 194. 

Fish, Nicholas, alderman, 371, 272, 

400. 
Fisher, Dr. Archibald, 121. 
Fisher, John, 234. 
Fisher, Thomas, 210. 
Fisher, William, 121. 
Fistan, John, 285. 
Fitzgerald, Edward, 79, 606. 
Fifzpatrick, John, 233. 
Fitzpatrick, Stephen, 188. 
Fitz Roy, Lord Augustus, presented 

with the freedom of the city, 121, 

488. 
Flannagan, Richard, 191. 
Flannagan, William, 172. 
Flarentine, Abraham, 207. 
Fleming, David, 200. 
Fleming, John, 276. 
Fleming, Richard, 78. 
Fleming, Thomas, 137. 
Flensburgh, John, 53, 604. 
Flensburgh, Margaret, 604. 
Flensbui^h, Matthew, 604. 
Fletcher, Gov. Benjamin, 60. 
Flin, Thomas, 78. 
Fli| sen, Frederick, 20. 
Floyd, John, 78. 
Foddy, James, 113. 
Folber, Jonas, 25. 
Fonk, Peter, 150. 
Foot, John, 246. 
Forbes, Abraham, 145. 
Forbes, Alexander, 144. 
Forbes, Gilbert, 158, 228. 
Forbes, James, 223. 
Forbes, John, 197. 
P'orbes, Joseph, 158, 269. 
Forbes, William, 73, 198. 
Forbes, W'illiam G., 236. 
Ford, Anthony, 265. 
Ford, Henry, 55. 
Ford, John, 80. 
Ford, Silas, 80. 
Ford, Thomas, 102, 109. 
Fordham, John, loi. 
Fordice, George, 78. 
Foreman, Henry, 245. 
Foreman, John, 248. 
Forraitier, Daniel Christian, 194. 
Forrest, John, 164, 
Forrister, Andrew, 91. 
Forshea, Daniel, 210. 
Forster, John, 85, 215. 
Forster, Marmaduke, 223. 
Forster, Myles, 54. 
Forster, Samuel, 189. 
Fort Amsterdam, council held at, i, 5, 

13, 14, 16, 17, 29, 32, 33. 



INDEX. 



643 



Fort George, buildings in, burnt, 1771, 
548. 

Fort Jackson, action at, 440. 

Fort Orange, trade at, 29, 33. See 
Albany. 

Fort St. Philip, action at, 440. 

Fort Sumter, defence of, 429. 

Fort William Henry, garrison of, made 
freemen, 77, 452. 

Fosbergh, Peter, 93. 

Fosener, Matthias, 138. 

Foster, Andrew, 181. 

Foster, Benjamin, 97. 

Foster, Jacob C, 157. 

Foster, John, 610. 

Fouchard, John J., 86. 

Fowler, Edward, 246. 

Fowler, John, 235. 

Fox, Anthony, 211. 

Fox, John, 290. 

Foy, Daniel, 86. 

Foy, John, 183. 

Foy, Martin, 231. 

Frampton, William, 53. 

Francis, Hendrick, 66. 

Francis, John, 234. 

Francis, Samuel, 181. 

Francis, Timothy, 68. 

Franklin, Henry, 60, 209. 

Franklin, James, 118. 

Franklin, Thomas, 173, 178, 279. 

Franks, Jacob, 90. 

Franks, Moses Benjamin, 174. 

Franks, Simon, 164. 

Frans, Thomas, 21. 

Fraser, Charles, 147. 

Fraser, Thomas, 136. 

Frazee, Reuben, 242. 

Frederick, Andrew, 194. 

Fredirickzen, Thomas, 20. 

Fredricks, Solomon, 64. 

Freeborne, John, 230. 

Freeman, Charles, 367. 

Freeman, Grace, 492. 

Freeman, James, 175. 

Freeman, John, 84, 454. 

Freeman, Thomas, presented with the 
freedom of ihe city, 121, 490. 

Freemen, regulated by Gov. NicoUs, 
44 ; rights granted by Gov. Dongan, 
48 ; traders to produce their certifi- 
cates in 1 69 1, 50, 51 ; a list ordered 
to be taken in 1695, 52 ; the regu- 
lations in England to be observed, 
52 ; apprentices to be made free 
of the city, 52 ; list of freemen, 1683 
to 1775, 52-238 ; to work on the 
fortifications 1695, 447; 1706, 458; 
residents at the granting of the 
charter to be freemen, 448, 450, 468 ; 



certificates printed, 450 ; fees not 
accounted for by Mayor Provost, 451 ; 
the soldiers in the garrison made free- 
men, 452 ; the poor to be admitted 
gratis, 454 ; widows of freemen al- 
lowed the privileges of trade, 457, 
461 ; not to serve twice as constables, 
467 ; disfranchised, 504, 540 ; com- 
plain of county workmen, 507, 539 ; 
an alderman must be a freeman, 292 
regulations for voting in 1801, 297 ; 
business carried on without regard 
to the charter, 365 ; note by Kent 
on the importance of freemanship, 
420. 

Ordinances regulating, 1676, 40; 
1684, 47 ; 1691, 49, 50 ; 1694, 51 ; 
1695,52,447,448; 1697,449; 1698, 

449. 450 ; 1701, 452 ; 1702, 454, 455 ; 

1706, 458; 1707, 459; 1719, 467; 

1731, 483 ; 1750, 514 ; 1763, 532 : 
1784, 239; 1786, 274; 1797, 294; 

1801, 298 ; 1815, 399. 

Oath taken by, 1675, 39 ; ordered 
to be in form of the corporations of 
England, 1695, 52, 448 ; 1707, 460 ; 
1711, 465; 1719, 468; 1725, 474, 

475; 1731, 485; 1763, 533; 1784, 
240; 1797, 294. 

Form of certificates, 1676, 41 ; 
1678, 42 ; printed in 1698, 450 ; 
1701, 451; 1715, 466; 173S, 500; 

1765, 534 ; 1784, 249. 
Freer, Peter, 242. 

French, Anderson, 283. 

French, John, 143. 

French, Phillip, 61 ; mayor, 85, 603, 

604, 605. 
French privateer captured, 511. 
French, Roger, 140. 
Frere, Abraham, 151. 
Fresneau, Andrew, 90, 135. 
Fritz, Elias, 187. 
P>itz, John, 245. 
Frolic, sloop of war, 370. 
Fueter, I^wis, 238. 
Fulford, James, 153. 
Fulkerson, Philip, 295. 
Fuller, Edmund, 598. 
Fullewever, Gerrit, 20. 
Fulton, Robert, presented with the 

freedom of the city, 368, 370. 
Furdon, Abraham, 182. 
Furdon, Isaac, 182. 
Furman, Solomon, 152. 
Furman, Wood, 145. 

Gabry, Isaac, 610. 
Gabry, Solomon, 610. 
Gacherie, John, 87. 



644 



INDEX. 



Gage, Gen. Thomas, presented with 
the freedom of the city, 236, 551. 

Gaicheiis, Rynier Van list, 22. 

Gaines, Christopher, 172. 

Gains, Francis, 273. 

Galatian, David, 97. 

Galatian, Peter, 142. 

Gale, William, 129. 

Gallaudet, John, 195. 

Gallaudet, Thomas, 167. 

Gallaway, Thomas, 86. 

Gallispie, James, 191, 248, 

Galloway, (iysbert, 122. 

Gal ma, Sy brant Jansen, 21. 

Gait, William, 63, 591. 

Galuad, Peter, 82. 

Gamewell, James, 86. 

Gardemoy, Peter, 92. 

Gardiner, Harmanus, 177. 

Gardiner, Isaac, 124. 

Gardiner's Island, plundered by Span- 
ish privateers, 477. 

Gardiner, Jacob, 162. 



( 



ardner, Charles, 153. 
ardner, Daniel, 136. 
ardner, John, 87. 
ardner, John P., 233. 
ardner, Thomas, 243. 
arish, Ellas, 104. 
arland, Lieut. Thomas, 93, 466. 
arner, Lawrence, 107. 
arnett, Francis, 80. 
arnier, Isaac, 59, 127. 
arnum, Edward, 606. 
arrabrants, Persidias, 165. 
arrabrants, Peter, KjO. 
arreau, John. 109. 
arret, Magnis, 190. 
arrelsc. Jacob, 185. 
arretson, Cornelius, 174. 
arreltse, Peter, 87. 
arrison. Moses, 159. 
arson, Peter, 237. 
artner, David, 210. 
asherie, John. 87, 137. 
asner, John, 207. 
atehou^e, Edward, ill. 
ates, (len. Horatio, presented with 
the free«loni of the city, 288, 2S9. 
ates, Michael, 269. 
auder, Peter, 508. 
audineau, (lyles, S3, 
aus, liernard, 214. 
autier, Andrew, 155, 508 ; alderman, 

540. 

autier, Daniel. 116. 
autier, Lewis A., 276. 
autier, Samuel, 2S4. 
eddes, John, 5S. 
elaspy, Archibald, 112. 



Gelaspy, John, no, 170, 
Gendar, Francis, 241. 
Gendell, John, 122. 
Genet, Henry W., alderman, 43 
(jereau, Andrew, 102. 
Germand, Isaac, 178. 
Gerritsen, Wolfert, 24. 
Gerritzen, Barent, 22. 
Gerritzen, Gerrit van Vrieslant, r 
Gerritzen, Jan, 22. 
Geruereaud, Jacob, 122. 
Gibbon, Stephen, 200. 
Gibbs, Andrew, 1 50. 
Gibbs, Thomas, alderman, 39. 
Gibson, James, 247. 
Ciibson, Patrick, 189. 
Giflfen, George, 179. 
Ciilbert, Aaron, 130, 188, 522. 
Gilbert, Benjamin, 234. 
Ciilbert, John, 131, 170, 229. 
Gilbert, Thomas, in. 
(Gilbert, William, 96, 140. 
Ciilbert, William W., alderman 
260, 273 ; member of assembly 

329» 342. 
Gilchrist, Adam, 207. 

(iiles, Charles, 214, 539. 

Giles, Robert, 246. 

Gill, Hugh, 159. 

Gill, Richard, I15. 

Gillam, Henry, 95. 

(iillcard, Christopher, 83. 

Gillespy, George, 244. 

(Jillespy, James, 191, 248. 

Gilliam, Henry, 168. 

Gil Hard, Christopher, 614. 

Gillidan, John, 22S. 

Gilliland, James, 237. 

Cfilliot, Philip, I02. 

Ciilliser., Jan van Brugge, 19. 

Gilmore, Charles, 165. 

Gilmore, Joseph, 296. 

Ciiraud, Daniel, 509. 

(iiraud, David, 165. 

Ciiraud, James, 508. 

(iiraud, Peter, 154, 508. 

Ciiveen, John, lOi. 

Cileaves, Hester, 607. 

Cileaves, Matthew, 607. 

Cileaves, Thomas, 99. 

(ileen, James, 221, 509. 

(ilen, Anthony, 150. 

Cilen cross, William, 89. 

Client worth, John, 178. 

Glover, William, 102. 

(ilundorff, Johannes, m. 

(iobell, David, 210. 

(ioderis, Joost, 20. 

Ciotlfrey, John, 75. 

Ciodwin, William, 241. 




INDEX. 



645 



(Joederus, Joost, 153. 

(k>elet, Jacob, 106. 

(ioelet, Jacobus, 71, 621. 

(loelet, John, 106. 

(loelet, Philip, 118. 

Goelet, Raphael, 126. 

(ioetz, Lawrence, 249. 

Goff, Hudson, 183. 

Goforth, William, 194. 

(iolding. Samuel, 79. 

Golding. William, 108. 

Cjombauld, Moses, 126. 

Gomez, Daniel, no. 

Ciomez, Lewis, 87. 

Gomez, Mordecai, 93. 

(}oodberlet, John, 211. 

Goodin, Richard. 106. 

Goodness, Samuel, 122. 

Goodwin, James, 89. 

(ioodwin, Jeremiah, 234. 

Goold, Kdward, 223. 

Gordon, James, 162, 220. 

Gordon, John, gi. 

Gordon, Mr., 517. 

Gossinor, John, 165. 

Gottier, Francis, 108. 

(joubel, Mawritz, 193. 

Gouverneur, Abraham, 71, 221. 

Gouverneur, Lsaac, 71. 

Gouverneur. Nicholas, III. 

Gouwenbergh, Jan, 25. 

Governor's guard reviewed by Gen. 

Jackson, 405, 406. 
Gracy, Matthew, 60. 
Grafton, Duke of, 488. 
Graham, Augustine, 61, 572. 
Graham, Edward, 55, 145. 
Graham, James, 47, 61. 
Graham, John, 92, 197. 
(iraham, John A., 367. 
Graham, Peter, 191. 
(jraham, Rachel, 598. 
(Jraison, James, 276. 
(Jrange, Joseph, 89. 
Granger, Matthew, 2.18. 
(irant, Edward, 232, 284. 
Grant, John, 153. 
Grant, Thomas, 95, 116, 125, 144. 
(irant. Gen. U. S., at Vicksburg, 440. 
Grasset, Augustus, 592, 593. 
(iraves, Roswell, 368. 
Gray, Owen, 179. 
(Jray, Robert, 79. 
Gray, William, 55. 
Grazelier, Ezekiel, 55. 
Green, John, 79. 
Green, Lancaster, 149. 
Green, Richard, 82, 121. 
(ireen, Robert, in. 
Green, William, 60. 



Greener, Richard, 84. 
(}reenwell, John, 118. 
Gress, Michael, 210. 
Gressman, Ludwig, 193. 
Grevenract, Isaac, 24, 29. 
Greyhound, frigate, 472. 
Griffith, David, 152. 
(iriffith, Robert, 173. 
Griffiths, John, 153. 
Grigg, Henry, 199. 
^'figg. Thomas, 95, 508. 
Grigg, William, 206. 
Griggs, Alexander, 159. 

^'"ggS' J<>!^"' 80. 
Grigson, Thomas, 80. 

Grim, David, 206. 

(grinding, W^illiam, 276. 

Grist, Richard, 94. 

Griswold, Joseph, 156. 

Groesbeck, John, in. 

Gromwell, James, 212. 

Groves, Andrew, 55. 

Groves, Roger, 103. 

Grub, Nicholas, 243. 

Guerriere, frigate, 369, 372, 373. 

Guest, John, 88, 92. 

(juion. Dr. Isaac, 229. 

(iuion, Nathaniel, 273. 

Guiton, Lewis, 59. 

Gunter, Johan F., 113. . 

Gunlher, Johan H., 193. 

(iurney, John, 77. 

Gwyn, Lieut. Robert, 78. 

Gysbert, William, 449. 

(iysberts, Nicholas, 66. 

Haan, Jacob Ilendricksen, 25. 
Hack, Matthias, 283. 
Hadden, Joseph, 194. 
Haddon, Richard, 167. 
Hadlenman, Mathias, 224. 
Hadley, Charles, 233. 
Hadley, Isaac, 283. 
Hadley, Joseph, 166. 
Hadley, Stephen, 245. 
Haes, Andries de, 23. 
Hageman, Dennis, 170. 
Hagenaer, Jan Jansen, 22. 
Haines, John, 224. 
Haines, Joseph, 100. 
Hains, Peter, 96. 
Hainsworth, Sakey, 173. 
Haire, Nathaniel, 586. 
Halden, John, 147. 
Hale, Peter van, 25. 
Hales, Israel, 588. 
Hales, Margery, 588, 589. 
Haley, Mrs. Jemima, 100. 
Halff, Cornelius, 176. 
Hall, Peter, 223. 



646 



}Iall, Tliomas, I07. 

Hall, William. Ss. 

Hallell, Jatob, 15a, 219, 509, 510. 

Eiallett, Jncnes, 104. 509. 

Hallelt, Robert, 167. 

Halletl. Samuel, 20S. 

Halloway, Richard, 231. 

Halsey, Isaac. 143. 

Ilabharl, 1 1 end rick. 176. 

lUlstead, John, 178. 

Ham, .-^nlhony, 13S, Gt2. 

Ham, Coenradl Wni., 218. 

Ham. Jan Jansen van. ai. 

Ham, Wendetl, 143. 

liainersl;. Andrew, 183. 

Mamersl]', William, [07, 

Hamilion, Alexander, presenled wiih 

ihe freedom of the city, 291. 
Hamilton, Cov. Andrew, presented 

with ihe freedom of Ihe cily, 57. 
Hamilton. Andrew, of Phil., presenled 

wirh the freedom of Ihe ciiy, llS, 

495-499- 
Hamilton, Andrew. 241. 
Hamilton, John, 325, 234. 
Hamilion, Lewis, iSS. 
Hamilton, William, 273. 
Hamlin, Michael, 104. 
Hammond, l>avid, 177. 
Hammond, Jiidah, alderman, 411,414. 
Hammond, Tliomas, 109. 
Hammond, William, 67. 
Ilandcock, John. iia. 
Handly, Edward. 333. 
Hanion. John, 150. 



Ha 



1B9. 



Hannis, Andrew, 87. 
Hanno, Joseph, 115. 
Hannon, J.tmes, «3. 
Hansen, IJavid, iCS. 
Hansen, Jacob, ibS. 
Hansen, Johannes, 157. 
Happeir, Cideon, 166. 
Harberiiiiick Johannes. 94. 
Hardcasile Ik-nry, 173. 
llariicnhr.)<il( Al>el W.. 271). 
Hardenhrook, llernardus, 70. 
Hardenbrook, (ierrardus, 192, 331. 
Hardenbrook, Johannes, 70, 71 ; alder- 

man, 4S7. 
Hardenbrook, John, 169. 338. 
Harrtenbrook. Peter, 243. 
Hardenbrook, Theophilus, 539. 



Hardenbrook, William . 

382. 
Harding, James, 74. 
Harding, John .\,, 368. 
Harding Robert, 168. 



Harding, Thomas. 113. 
Hardman, Jonathan, 130. 
Hardy, Gov. Sir Charlei, prcn 
with the freedom of Ihe city. 



Harlem incorporated, 44; ofliceni 

499. 
Harmenien, Hendrick, 3o, 
Harner, George, 197. 
Hflrringlon, Lewi*. 276. 
Harriot, John, 343. 
Harris, David, 191. 
Harris, John, 63, 6g, 80, 
Harris. Richard, 83, 140,217. 
Harris, Robert, I2J. 
Harriway, James, 183. 
Harrison, John, 3S1. 
Harrison, Robert, 99. 
Marrod, George, 73. 
Harry, Nicholas, 24;. 



as, 245. 
sen, George, I95. 
sen, Jacob. 196, 
1, Jacob. 3i6. 
t, Joseph, 79. 



, Mos 



, 93. 



1, Chris 



Hard. 1 



. 129. 
238. 
1.94- 



Harvey, John, 270. 
Harvey, Thomas, 85. 
Ilarward, Joseph. 61. 
Harwood, Lieul. Andrew A., 

lioned, 4' 8. 
Harwood, David, 103. 
Harwood. Thomas, 189. 
Hasey. John, 103. 
Hasett, Kdward, 79. 
Hassing, Jacob, 66. 
Hastier, John, 57, 107. 
Hastings, Hugh U., mentioned. , 
lEaswell, James. 83. 
Hatfield, John, 363. 
Ilflvlland. JoKph, 97. 
HAwarden. Thoma.'i. 61, 5-0. 
Hawden, Michael, 66. 
Hawkins, Edmund. 98. 
Hawkins, Robert, 56. 



1la^ 



:. Tl.i 



Hawks, William, 34 
nawk^hur5t, Willjai 
H^ws, I'cbliah, 327 
Hay, Andrew, 99. 
Hay, David, 176. 



647 



Haydon, Thomas. 91, 

Hajres, John, 604. 

Hayes, KichanI, 604. 

Hares, William, 13a. 

Hnyi,«.Joh., S4. 

Hays. Andrew, 325. 

Hays. Barrack, 216. 

Hays, David, llS. 

Hays, Isaac, 161. 

Hays, Jacob. 107. 

Hays. John, 343. 

Hays, Judah, 119, 

Hays, Michael S.. 237. 

Hays, Solomon, 145. 

Hays. Thomas. 1S4. 

Haysham. Tliomas. 161. 

Haysham, William. 157. 

Hayler, Edward, 10;. 

Haywood. James. 171. 

Haywood. John. 93. 

Haywood. Thomas, 133. 

Haywood. William, 63, 195, 588. $89, 

606. 
Hazard, Daniel, 149. 
Hazard. Ebeneier, 217. 
Hazard, Jonalhan. 149, 155. 
Hazard. Nathaniel, 134. 
Hazard, .Snmuel, 141, 
Hazard, Thomas, 229. 
Hazelbtrry, Isaac, 616. 
Heath, John, 6t, 19S. 
Heath. Samuel. 113. 
Heathcote, (.alcb, 55 : mayor, gi. 
Heather, Kicliaid. I42. 
Hebbcrt, Oliver, 367. 
Hedden, Josiah.368. 
Heddinge, Lawrence, 75. 
Hedenberg. Charles, 278. 
Hedey. Thomas, 11]. 
HeflernaD, Elijah, ibi. 
Heill, Jacob, 211, 
Helme BenjamiD, ai5. 
lelsman. John. 370. 
Henderson, Michael, 142. 
Henderson, Thomas, 217. 
Hendrick. Henrv, 176. 
Hendrick van de Wall. 2;. 29. 
Hendricks. Assents, 40. 
Hendricks, Cornelius, j63. 
Hendricks. Francis. l&|. 
H end rick se, Ahaserus, 67. 
Hendrickse, Aronout, 86. 
Hendricksen, Cornelius, 33. 
Hendricksen, Harman van Deventer, 

24. 
Hendricksen. Hendrick. 32. 
Hendricksen, Huybertvan Keulen, 24. 
Hendricksen, Jan, 21, 22, 
Hendricksen, Jan van Ounst. 33. 
HendrickKn, Trynlie. 20. 



Hendrickson, Robert, 166. 

Henley, Charles, 131. 

Henley, William, 53. 

Henning, Joseph 1.., 236. 

HenninE, Dr. Philip, 3:7. 

Henry Clay, packet ship, 435. 

Henry, John, 40. 

IlenTv -(rcul i:tiaiieed lo Perry, 378. 

Herbert, John. 23i. 
Herbert. Kichard, 2lS. 
Her<lon, Thon 



, Isa: 



226. 



60. 



Heron, John, 246. 
Herrick, Anson, alderman, 560. 
Herring. Richard. 102. 
Herrmans. Kolkerl. 73. 
Hentell, Thomas, mentioned. 307. 
Hertz. Casparus, 155. 
Helt, Kene, 89. 
Heurtin, Mrs. Elizal>elh, 100. 
Heurtin, William, 117. 
Hamilton, 156 



llcv 
Ml-. 

lle^ 
lleym 



<, Si. 
I 104. 



164. 



Hcyser, Hendrick. 314. 

Iliam, Uriah. 139. 

Hibon. Ilarent. 64. 611. 

Hibon. Johannes. 106. 

Hibon, John, 93. 

Hibon. Peter, 138. 

Hickman, Koben, 87. 

Hicks. Dennis, 14''- 

Hicks, Mary, 583. 

Hicks, Kaac, 583. 

HickP, Thomas, 583, 

Hicks, Whitehead, 3oa ; mayor. ', 



.coree, 235. 



Ill 



i. 70. 



HigEins. "ngh, 109. 
HiidVeth. Ttenjamin. 175,610. 
Hildrelh, loseph, 165. 
Hildreth. Thomas, 199. 
Hill. Knoch, C12. 
Hill. Thoma=,6l4. 
Hilliard, Matlhew, 40. 
Hilliard, William, mentioned, 309. 
Milliker. Ceorge. 188. 
Hillyard, James, 191. 
Hillyer, John, 113, 387. 
Hillyer, William 283. 
Hilman. Nichola?. 1(1. 
Eliiichuian, Dr oseph. 171. 



. , S36. 

Hinds, Joseph, 344. 



John. 



648 



INDEX. 



Hinman, John, 126. 
Hi pier, Christian, 230. 
Hitchcock, William, 131. 
Hoase, William, 131. 
Hobbs, William, 8g. 
Hodge, John, 81. 
Hodge, Ralph, 277. 
Hodge, Samuel, 167. 
Hodger, Benjamin, 144. 
Hodges, Thomas, 114. 
Hodges, William, 84. 
Hodgkinson, Worthington, council- 
man, 558. 
Hoff, Jacob, 1 78. 
Hoffman, Michael, 181. 
Hoffman, Nicholas, 217. 
Hoffmire, Henry R., alderman, 558. 
Hogan, John, councilman, 433. 
Hogan, Philip, 164. 
Hogg, Robert, 130. 
Hole, Jan, 112. 
Holland, Edward, mayor, 160, 511, 

513, 519- 
Holland, Henry, 93, 224, 466. 

Holland, Samuel, 54. 

Holland, Thomas, 175. 

Hollar, Garrett, 62. 

Hollen, John, 152. 

Hollins, William, 614. 

Hollock, Thomas, 145. 

Holloway, Stephen, 80. 

Holmes, David, 195. 

Holmes, Francis, 81. 

Holmes, Cieorge, 23, 69. 

Holmes, Jonathan, 229. 

Holmes, Stanley, no. 

Holsenbeeck, Isaac, 60. 

Hoist, Albert, 83. 

Hoist, Garret, 70. 

Holyroyd, Ceorge, 96. 

Homan, James, 213. 

Honan, Daniel, 56. 

Hone, John, alderman, 411, 414. 

Hooghlandt, Adrian, 59. 

Hooglandt, lienjamin, 206. 

Hooglandt, l)irck, 611. 

Hooglandt, Francis, 191. 

Hooglandt, Johannes, 66. 

Hooglandt, John, 290. 

Hook, Thomas, 53, 77. 

Hooks, John, 56. 

Hooton, Thomas, 619. 

Hope, John, 56, 80. 

Hope, William, 254. 

Hopkins, Christopher, 97. 

Hopkins, Thomas, 99. 

Hoppe, Johannes, 121. 

Hoppe, Mathew, 141, 158. 

Hoppe, W^illiam, 112. 

Hoppen, Andries, 20. 



Hopper, Andrew, 200. 

Hopper, Jacob, 176. 

Hopper, Jellis, 203. 

Hopper, John, 202, 224, 233. 

Hopper. Mathew, 203. 

Hopper, Paulus, 99, 178. 

Hopper, Regnier, 150. 

Hopper, Walter, 576. 

Hopper, Wessel, 203. 

Hopson, (jeorge, 189. 

Hopson, Samuel, 125. 

Hopson, William, 280. 

Horn, Anthony, 120. 

Horn, Benjamin, 247. 

Home, Gustavus A., 573, 576. 

Home, John, 100, 589. 

Home, Philip, 202. 

Home, Sarah, 589. 

Home, see Van Home. 

Homeger, Hendrick, 209. 

Hornet, frigate, 374, 375, 377, 411. 

Horsen, George, 167. 

Horsewell, Hannah, 619. 

Horsewell, W^illiam, 86, 619. 

Horsfield, Israel, 100. 

Horsfield, Thomas, 217. 

Horsfield, Timothy, 120. 

Horsmanden, Daniel, presented with 

the freedom of the city, 142, 500. 
Horton, John, 59. 
Horton, Joseph, 191. 
Horton, Nathan, 186. 
Hosier, Peter, 207. 
Hossen, Benhadad, 607. 
Hossen, Gerrett, 607. 
Hossen, Jacob, 607. 
Houghton, Richard, 136. 
House, Joseph, 167. 
Houseman, Aert, 208. 
Houseman, John, 101, 226. 
Houseman, Mathew, 143. 
Houseworth, Michael, 209. 
Houswaet, Adriaen, 171. 
Howell, Thomas, 196. 
Howes, John, 104, 203. 
Hoyer, Andrew, 162. 
Hoyer, Mathew, 200. 
Hubble, Ezra, 191. 
Huber, Hans Jacob, 158. 
Hubner, George, 193. 
Huddleston, William, 576, 584, 590, 

597. 
Hudson, Ebenezer, 246, 
Hudson's River, trade on, 3, 8, 29, 32, 

33, 35, 45- 
Hueit, Randel, 23. 

Huggeford, Thomas, 124. 

Huggins, Richard, 92. 

Huggit, Benjamin, alderman, 540. 

Hughes, Henry, 603. 



INDEX. 



649 



Hughes, Hugh, 176, 516. 

Hughes, Dr. Jacob, 22. 

Hughes, John, D.D., mentioned, 434. 

Hughes, Mathew, 509. 

Hulet, James, 270. 

Hulgrove, George, 71. 

Hulich, Peler, 235. 

Hulin, Francis, 55. 

Hull, Bartholomew, 54. 

Hull, Capt. Isaac, presented with the 

freedom of the city, 369, 371-373 ; 

to sit for his portrait, 369 ; public 

dinner to, 371 ; description of the gold 

l>ox, 373. 
Hull, Robert, 555. 
Hulse, Henry, 184. 
Hunt, Davis, 167. 
Hunt, Edward, 58, 79, 194. 
Hunt, Enoch, 147. 
Hunt, Jeremiah, 167. 
Hunt, Jesse, 191. 
Hunt, James, 509. 
Hunt, John, 120, 223. 
Hunt, Obadiah, 78, II2. 
Hunt, Robert, 122. 
Hunt, William, 90. 
Hunt, Zebediah, 121. 
Hunter, Andrew, 119. 
Hunter, galley, privateer, 465.^ 
Hunter, John, member of assembly, 

349> 351. 
Hunter, Jonathan, 97, 

Hunter, Gov. Robert, presented with 

the freedom of the city, 89, 463. 

Husk, Thomas, 86. 

Hustick, Henry, 198. 

Husty, William, 183. 

Hutchins, James, 102. 

Hutchins, John, 56, 590. 

Hutchins, John N., 177, 

Hutchins, Joshua, 232. 

Hutchins, Samuel, 249. 

Hutchins, Susannah, 583. 

Hutchins, Thomas, 583. 

Hutchins, Zachariah, 93. 

Hutchinson, John, 24, 175. 

Hutten, Timothy, 215. 

Hutton, (Jeorge, 196. 

Hutton, John, 100, 104. 

Hutton, Thomas, 600. 

Huygen, Elizabeth, 23. 

Huygen, Jan, 23. 

Huynch, Johannes, 166. 

Hyatt, Abraham, 115. 

Hyatt, Arnold, 177. 

Hyatt, (Gilbert, 167. 

Hyatt, John, 93. 

Hyer, Aaron, 134. 

Hyer, Hattos, 164. 

Hyer, Cornelius, 199. 



Hyer, Frederick, 134. 

Hyer, Gerrett, 63, 134. 

Hyer, Peter, 164. 

Hyer, Victor, 120. 

Hyer, Walter, 63, 106, 134, 195, 201, 

205. 
Hyer, William, 509. 
Hynes, Patrick, 195. 

Illman, George, 96. 

Imlay, John, 199. 

Imlay, William, 222. 

Indians, the six nations treat at Albany, 
513 ; an Indian woman binds herself 
and son for seven years, 588. 

Ingram, Thomas, 95. 

Inglis, Thomas, 97. 

Innes, John, 114. 

Irvin, James, 276. 

Irving, William, 224. 

Isaacksen, Arent, 20. 

Isaackson, Isaac, van D., 68. 

Isaacs, Abraham, 103, 229. 

Isaacs, Jacobus, 64. 

Isaacs, Joseph, 65. 

Isaiah, James, 166. 

I vers, Thomas, 231 ; alderman, 260. 

Jackson, Gen. Andrew, presented with 
the freedom of the city, 404-410 ; to 
sit for his portrait, 405 ; description 
and history of the gold box, 405 ; 
party glorification, 418. 

Jackson, Andrew, Jr., mentioned, 405. 

Jackson, Benjamin, 144. 

Jackson, James, 151. 

Jackson, John, 101, 117. 

Jackson, Thomas, 197, 220. 

Jackson, William, 54, 94, 5S5, 593, 
615. 

Jacobs, Cornelius, 61. 

Jacobs, Frederick, 89. 

Jacobs, James, 107. 

Jacobs, Peler, 71. 

Jacobs, Samuel, 124. 

Jacobs, Teunis, 155. 

Jacobsen, Abram, 22. 

Jacobsen, Cornelius, 42. 

Jacobson, Haerpart, 596. 

Jadwin, John, 205. 

Jadwin, Peler, 187. 

Jamain, Nicholas, 57. 

Jamain, Stephen, 56, 617. 

James, Benjamin, 237. 

James, John, 79. 

Jamison, David, 60 ; recorder, 471, 472. 

Jamison, Thomas, 78. 

Jamison, William, presented with the 
freedom of the city, 116, 4S3. 

Jandin, Charles, 112. 



65o 



INDEX. 



and in, Daniel, 74. 
aneway, (Jeorge, alderman» 286. 
aneway, William, 57, 603. 
anse, Isaac, 176. 
ansen, Albert, 23, 71. 
ansen, Aryaen van Siraetkerck, 22. 
ansen, Ciaes van Suermaster, 24. 
ansen, Clause, 59. 
ansen, Cornelis, 20. 
ansen, Dirick van Oldenburgh, 25. 
ansen, Frans of Amsterdam, 25. 
ansen. Frans van Brestee, 23. 
ansen, Ilendrick van Scalckwych, 22. 
ansen, Ilendrick van Utrecht, 24. 
ansen, Jan van Ham, 21. 
ansen, Jan van St. Obyn, 24. 
ansen, Johannes, mayor, 107 ; alder- 
man, 612, 616. 
ansen, John, 40. 
ansen, Jurrian van Anwerick, 25. 
ansen, Michael, 20, 74, 584. 
ansen, Peter, 20, 40. 
ansen, Roelof, 22. 
ansen, William, 73. 

{ansen, William, van't leverlant, 20. 
arret, Allane, 89, 606. 
Jarrat, James, 130. • 
arvis, Benjamin, 115. 
Java, frigate, 373, 376, 379. 
Jay. Augustus, 75. 

Jay, John, presented with the freedom 
of'the city, 251, 257, 258. 259; ar- 
rival from London, 258 ; reply to 
address, 260. 
Jay, Peter, 120. 
Jaycocks, David, 184. 
faycocks, Joseph, no. 
jaycocks, Thomas, 283. 
Jcbine, John, 280. 
Jeffers, Thomas, 77. 
Jeffery, Richard, 161. 
Jeffrey, Charles, 195. 
Jeffrey, John, 159. 
Jenkins, Aaron, 244. 
Jenkins, Henry, 132. 
Fenkins, James, 95. 
Jenkins, Jeremiah, 598. 
Jenkins, William, 95. 
Jennings, .\ndre\v, 245. 
Jennings, Thomas, loi, no. 
Jewell, William, 64, 
lillard, Charles, 242. 
Job, Samuel, 5(x;. 

JJochcmse, David, 40, 41. 
lochemzen, Andries, 21. 
ocs, Thomas, 57. 
ohnson, Andrew, presented with the 
freedom of the ci*y, 442- 
Tohnson, Charles, 158. 
Johnson, Christopher, 214. 



Johnson, David, 229. 

Johnson, George, 155. 

Johnson, Gcrrit, 509. 

Johnson, Isaac, 120. 

Johnson, Jacobus, 133. 

Johnson, James, 164, 243, 247. 

Johnson, John, 81, 121, 155, 193, 202. 

212, 241, 242, 247, 275, 284, 508. 
Johnson, Joseph, 115. 
Johnson, Michael, 233. 
Johnson, Richard, 243. 
Johnson, Robert, 187, 284. 
Johnson, Samuel, 153 ; alderman, 251 ; 

goldsmith, 252. 
Johnson, Simon, 123; recorder, 522, 

534 ; alderman, 495. 504, 513. 
Johnson, Thomas, 96. 
Johnson, William, from Ireland, 20. 
Johnson, William, mentioned, 310. 
Johnston, John, 91 ; mayor, 93, 94, 96, 

98, 466. 
Joinville, Prince de, mentioned, 425. 
Jones, Asher, 227. 
Jones, Benjamin, 222. 
Jones, Daniel, 81. 
Jones, David, 159, 228. 
Jones, Edward, 102. 

}ones, Evan, 86. 
ones, Gardner, mentioned, 309, 310, 

311. 

Jones, (jriffiih, 86. 

Jones, Humphrey, 118. 

Jones, Isaac, 227. 

Jones, Capt. Jacob, presented wiih a 
sword, and the freedom of ihe city, 
369, 400 ; public dinner to, 371. 

Jones, James, 137, 220. 

Jones, John, 81. 

Jones, Philip, 52. 

Jones, Richard, 52. 

Jones, Roger, 75. 

Jones, Samuel, 226. 

Jones, Thomas, 81, 137, 225 ; recorder, 

541, 543. 
Jongh, Jan de, 19. 

Jordon, Philip, 247. 

Jorisen, Borger, 24. 

Jouneau, Abraham, loi. 

Jouneau, Philip, 82. 

Jourdain, Henry, 57. 

Journeay, Benjamin, 87. 

Judah, Baruch, 95. 

Judah, Hillyard, 179. 

Judah, Moses, 216. 

Judah, Naplhali, mentioned, 335, 

Judah, Samuel, 225. 

June, Nathan, 250. 

Jury, Johan, 161. 

Kain, John, 226. 



INDEX. 



65 1 



Kain, Thomas, 173. 

Kalf, Jacob, 22. 

Kane, Elias, mentioned, 413. 

Katherine, ship, 588. 

Keane, James, 231. 

Kearney, Thomas, 89. 

Keating, John, 191. 

Kecht, Frederick Wm., 222. 

Keech, David, 187. 

Keech, Robert, 165. 

Keeling, James, 126. 

Keene, John, 205. 

Keene, Joseph, 182. 

Keene, William, 179. 

Keens, Joseph, 245. 

Keewin, John, 107. 

Kendall, Anthony, 217. 

Kendall, Francis, 81. 

Kendell, Thomas, 154. 

Kennedy, Archibald, presented with 

the freedom of the city, 90, 464. 
Kennedy, Christopher, 205. 
Kennedy, Henry, member of assembly, 

349. 351. 
Kennedy, James, 118. 

Kennedy, Thomas, 276. 

Kennedy, William. 178. 

Kent, James, 295 ; recorder, 295 ; men- 
tioned, 350 ; note on the importance 
of freemanship, 420. 

Keighley, Peter, 92. 

Keill, l)r. John, presented with the 
freedom of the city, 90, 464. 

Keily, John, 224. 

Kelly, Edward, 122, 218. 

Kelly, John, 97, 227, 232. 

Kelly, Thomas, 244. 

Kelly, Timothy, 61. 

Kelly, William, 164. 

Kelso, John, 237, 

Kemball, John, 58. 

Kemble, Lawrence, 203. 

Kemmena, Englebert, 211. 

Kempe, William, attorney-general, 517. 

Kerby, Archibald, 295. 

Kerby, John, 233. 

Kerby, Matthias, 243. 

Kerkwood, James, 195. 

Kermer, liavid, 99. 

Kermer, Henry, 128. 

Kerse, Abraham, 142. 

Kersc, John, 142. 

Ketchum, William, 139. 

Keteltas, Abraham, 67, 592, 620. 

Keteltas, (ierrett, 620. 

Keteltas, Peler, 160. 

Keteltas, William, mentioned, 310. 

Kidd, Capt. William, 571, 

Kierstede, Benjamin, 143. 

Kierstede, Cornelius, 63, 83. 



Kierstede, Ilans, 23, 69. 

Kierstede, Jacobus, 64, 83, 134. 

Kierstede, James, 234. 

Kierstede, Luke, 138, 234. 

Kilby, barque, 428. 

Kilby, Christopher, Jr., 192. 

Killmaster, James, 139. 

Killmaster, John, 113, 144. 

Killmaster, Thomas, 79, 112. 

Killman, Nicholas, 209. 

Kimball, Henry, 76. 

Kindell, John, 161. 

Kinderick, John, 171. 

King, Aaron, 247. 

King, Adam, 121. 

King, Anthony, 233. 

King, Ary, 147, 509. 

King, Charles, 97. 

King, Edward, 54. 

King, Elizabeth, 587. 

King, Gilbert, 155. 

King, Isaac, 140, 244. 

King, Jacob, 99, 163. 

King, James, 276. 

King, Jeremiah, 72. 

King, John, 85, 109, 167. 204, 509, 

602. 
King, Peter, 71, 78, 586. 
King, Thomas, 201, 
King, Walter, 245. 
Kingsland, William, 157. 
Kingston, John, 81, 138, 238. 
Kingston, Joseph, 100. 
Kinnen, Lawrence, lOi. 
Kip, Abraham, 124, 210, 569. 
Kip, Benjamin, 83. 
Kip, Everet, I97. 
Kip, Garrit, 215. 
Kip, Hendrick, 9, 19. 
Kip, Henrick Ilendricksen, 21. 
Kip, Isaac, 19, 63, 100, 241, 273, 593. 
Kip, Jacob, 29, 126 ; secretary, 4, 12, 

13. 
Kip, Jacobus, 105, 118 ; alderman, 469, 

471, 472. 
Kip, James, 279. 
Kip, Jesse, 569. 
Kip, John, 140, 204, 269. 
Kip, Lucas, 283. 
Kip, Michael, 224. 
Kip, Petrus, 63, 124. 
Kip, Richard, 132, 238. 
Kip, Samuel, alderman, 115, 483. 
Kippin, Walter, J07. 
Kippin, William, 164. 
Kissam, Benjamin, 215. 
Kissick, Philip, 172. 
Kissime, John, 59. 
Kline, George, 222, 
Klock, Pelgrom, 24. 



652 



Knap. Daniel, 17S. 
Knapp, Israel, jji. 
Knechl, Martin, 173. 
Knell, John, 232. 
Knickabsker, Abraham, 194. 343. 
Knickabaker, Peler, 143. 
Knight, John, city clerk, 53. 
Knolton, David. 331. 
Kochenhal, Christian. 114. 
Kock, I'etet, 33. 
Koeck, William, 33. 
Koniiig, Adam, lis. 
Koning, Hainan, 67. 
Koning. Jacob, 67. 
Koning. Johannes, 134. 
Kortright, Cornelius, 118, 1S3. 
Kortright, Nicholas, 14T. 
Kos, Claes Pieterien, aa. 
Kove, Johannes, 200. 
Kranskoop, Ludewick. 337. 
Kym. JoL, J76. 

Labagh, Abraham, 3o6. 

Labagh, Henry, 304. 

Labagb, Isaac, 206, 

Labagh, Jacob, 300. 

Laboyteaui, Cabriel, 54. 

I^boylcaux, John, 3lS. 

Laboyteaux, Joseph, 334. 

Uebair, Solomon, 24. 

Laer, see Van I.acr. 

Lafayette, (leorge \V. de la, presented 

wilh the Treeijom of ibe cily, 414. 
Lafayette, Marquise de, presenled wilh 

the freedom of the city, 351, 353. 

353 : his reply to ibe address. 254. 
Lafont, John. S3. 
Lafoy. Abraham, 243. 
Lafoy, Thomas. 334. 
Lagrange. .Amolt. 43. ] 
Laighl, Edward. 149. 
Laiglit. ^^'i11iam, 330. 
Lake Champt.iin, Macdonough's action 

on, 381. 384, 393. 
I^kc trie, I'erry's action on. 37B, 396. 
Lake, John. 144, 154, joS, 
Lamb, Antboiiy, 117. 
Lamb, tieorge. il3. 
Lamb. John, .43- 217- 
Lambart, Dennia, 54. 
Lambert, Iianiel, 341. 
Lambert. Jobn. 1S7. 
Lamberne, latob, 93. 
Laroberlse. Lawrence, I3B. 
Lambcrtse, Simon. 145. 
Lamberlzen. Thomas, at. 
Lambelh, Edward, 79. 
La Mersonev, Kicbard, 3ig. 
La Messne,'Uaac, I96. 
1.1a Monlagne, see Montagne. 



Lamoureui, Daniel, lot. 

Lam ply, Jacob. 337. 
I^mptey, Richard, 103. 
Limson, Kbeneier, 151. 
Lance, Thomas, 580. 
Lane, Henry, 137, 
Lane, Nathaniel, 34s. 
Lane, Samuel, 173. 
Ijine, William, 103, 136. 
Lanehou&e, Stephen, 194. 
Langdon, Richard, 130. 
Langedyck, Jan Janscn, 33. 
Langevell, Cornells van, 33. 
Langley, Henry, 74. 
Langley, Margaret, 573. 
Langstraet, Jobn, 58. 
Langvelihuysen, Nicholas, 19, 

Lansing, Garrell, 60. 
Lanlsing, Johannes. 70. 
Lanyon. John. 103. 
Lawson, John. 1 64. 
Lappel, Thomas, 156. 

Lasher, Frederick, 17s, 

Lasher, Jacob, 17s. 

Lasher, John, 154, 

Lassier, Peter, 143. 

Latham, Beverley, 83. 

Latham, Iianiel, Ot, 153, 591, 601. 

Latham, Jane, 582. 

Lalbam, John, 61, 146. 180. 

Latham. Joseph, 98, 153. 582. 

Laton, Jobn, 66. 

Lancelot!, Samuel, 98. 

Laurier, Michael. 1 






I. Isa 



, Da 



c. 53- 
raham. 148. 
"d, 63. 



Lawrence, Augustine H., aldermi 
371. 374: 391. 400- 

Lavvrence, Henjamin, 377- 

Lawrence, Caleb, 154. 

Lawrence, Daniel, 379. 

Lawrence, Henry, 137. 

Lawrence, James, a03. 

Lawrence, Capt. James, presenled wi 
the freedom of the city, 374, 37 
410 : his letter of acceptance, 37' 
and a piece of plate, 374 ; his wide 

Lawrence, John, 39, 47, 107, lai, 18 

Lawrence, Dr. John M., meniioned,40 
Lawrence, Jonathan. 3S5. 
Lawrence, Lawrence, 163. 
I.awrence, Mary. 457. 
Lawrence, Matthias, 90. 
Lawrence, Nathaniel, 153. 



INDEX. 



653 



I^awrence, Peter, 278. 

Lawrence, Richard, 117. 

Lawrence, Samuel, 104, 21 1 ; alder- 
man, 504. 

Lawrence, Stephen, 136. 

Lawrence, Thomas, 56, 106. 

Lawrence, William, 105. 

Lawson, William, 200. 

Leach, Stephen, 179. 

Le&cock, John, 282. 

Leacrafl, Richard, 204. 

I.eake, John, 144. 

Leathes, William, 62. 

Le Chevalier, John, 58. 

Le Conte, Francis, 56, 595. 

Le Conte, Henry, 54. 

Le Conte, W'illiam, 87. 

Leddel, Joseph, 95. 

Lee, John, 160, 509. 

Lee, William, 53, 164, 509. 

L'Enfant, Major Pierre Charles, pre- 
sented with the freedom of the city 
and a lot of land, 286 ; asks for com- 
pensation for his services, 287 ; re- 
port on his claim, 412. 

Leenderts, see Vandergrist. 

Leenderzen, Jacob Vandiegrist, 22. 

Leendertzen, Albert, 23. 

Lefiferts, Garret, 235. 

Le Gear, Michael, 206. 

Leggett, Abraham, mentioned, 310. 

Legrand, Peter, 67. 

Legrange, Christian, 124. 

Legrange, Johannes, 69, 127. 

L'Hommedieu, Ezra, senator, 352. 

Leimington, Thomas, 147. 

Leisler, Jacobus, 77. 

Leivensen, Joost, 604. 

Le Mars, privateer, 511. 

Le Montes, John, 118. 

Le Moyne, Jane, 596. 

Le Moyne, John, 596. 

Le Moyne, Moses, 596. 

Lenn, Jeremiah, 158. 

Lenoir, Isaac, 59. 

Lent, James, 219. 

Lent, James W., 278. 

Leonard, George, 219. 

Leonard, John, 242. 

Leonard, William. 223. 

Le Roux, Bartholomew, 53, 139. 

Le Roux, Charles, 105 ; manufactures 
gold boxes for freedoms, 471, 474, 
476, 479» 488, 490, 492, 503. 

Le Roux, John, 103. 

Le Roy, Jacob, 181 ; alderman, 313, 

317. 
Le Roy, Theodore, 596, 601, 603. 
Lesser, Johannes, 108. 
Lessley, John, 98, 133. 



Lester, Joseph, 212, 

Lester, Samuel, 198. 

Le Tellier, Lawrence, 132. 

Leunizen, Jacob, 21. 

Levant frigate, 401, 402. 

Levnius, Jacob, 73. 

Levnius, Matthias, 73. 

Levy, Haman, 171. 

Levy, Isaac, 142. 

Levy, Moses, 57. 

Levy, Joseph, 177. 

Lewine, William, 97. 

Lewis, Anthony, 96. 

Lewis, Forster, 237. 

Lewis, John, 114, 188, 192, 203. 

Lewis, Israel, 366. 

Lewis, Joseph, 192. 

Lewis, Leonard, 63, 620. 

Lewis, Morgan, mentioned, 346. 

Lewis, Richard, 194, 209. 

Lewis, Samuel, 126. 

Lewis, Thomas, 39, 65, 80. 

Lewis, W^illiam, 122. 

Leyten, Elias, 52. 

Licaer, Ambrose, iii. 

Lieuihead, William, 87. 

Light, James, 184. 

Light, Jorus, 72. 

Lightfoot, Alexander, 179. 

Lightwood, Ellis, 573. 

Lindesay, John, 114. 

Lindner, Dr. Benjamin, 199. 

Lindsay, George, 218. 

Lindsay, Hugh, 249. 

Lindsey, Alexander, 169. 

Lines, Henry, 276. 

Ling, John, goldsmith, 544. 

Ling, Matthew, 57. 

Linter, John, 120. 

Lisk, David, 282. 

Lisk, William, 213 ; to be disfranchised, 

540. 
Lispenard, Anthony, 216 ; mentioned, 

327, 328. 
Lispenard, Leonard, 170, 214 ; alder- 

man, 522. 
Litschoe, Daniel, 19. 
Littick, Samuel, 281. 
l-,ivingston, Gilbert, 96. 
Livingston, Peter Vanbrugh, 143. 
Livingston, Philip, 221 ; alderman, 522 ; 

arrives from London, 258. 
Livingston, Philip I., 226. 
Livingston, Richard, 229. 
Livingston, Robert, 89. 
Livingston, Robert C, 225. 
Livingston, Robert J., 163. 
Livingston, Robert R., presented with 

the freedom of the city, 237, 557. 
Livingston, William, 164. 



654 



Lii 



:. Willia 



,83. 



Lloyd, johi 

Locke, Archibald, Z48. 

Lockhart John, ^24. 

liockslead, Jiirye, 107. 

I^ckvood, Ephraim, 174. 

Lodewyck, Charles, mayor, 56, J67. 

Lodge. Abraham, 115 ; deputy city 

clerk. 515. 
I.odgc, C.Tiifliu-;, 71. 
l^gliea,!, J.iri.L'^, igi. 
Long. Frederick, 283. 
Long. John, 173. 
Long, Capt. Robert, prewnted with the 

freeilom of the cily, 124, 493. 
J,or.El<.*T.. Jolin, I46. 
Looekermflns, tioven, 14. ag. 
I.ooker, Oihniel, member of Msembty, 

347. 3-ta, 349- 
Lopei, Mose«, 143. 
Lord, Haniei I>.. alderman. 558. 
Lorilliard, Peter. 3II. 
1-orine, Bsnjaniin, l&g. 
Lonng, Renjamin. 117. 
I-oiie, Al)raham. 185. 
I^sie. Andrew, 186. 
I-osie, Peter. 105, rsi. 
I.osie, Simon, 250, 
Losis. Lam ben, 148. 
Lot, Knglebarl, 40. 
1^11, Abraham. 148, 169. 
Ixitt.AlirahamK., 335. 
l«lt. Abrah.im I'., alderman, a6o. 

Lott' Kidiard, 87. 
Louree. James lo9- 
LourttiJciK Pclcr 31. 
Lourj I'eicr 74 
I^uri/en. Arcnt, 30. 
Loulher. Keene James. 331. 
Louw, Johannes, 76. 
Ixmw, IVier. 70, 

Lovelace, Cov. John, 4th Lord, fire- 
senle<l with the freedom of the city, 
88, 4('2- 

Lovell, William, 84, 454- 

Loveridgc. J-amuel. 74. 98. 

Lovct, Joh,.. 38t. 

Low. Albeti. 70. 

Low, Captain, a pirate, 47a. 

I^w, Cornelius, 173. 

I^w, Ca]Jt. Hdwin J., presented with 
the freedom of the eity, 429- 

Ix>w, I-iaac, a36. 

Uw, Joshua, qS- 

I^w, Nicholas. iBo. 

Ijiw. Nibhoias C, 336. 

Low, Peter, 307. 

Low, Rynier, 331. 



Loweare, Edward. 183. 
l^owey, James, 105. 
Lowns, James. IJl. 
Lowrey, Thomas, 223, 
Lowrier. John, 196. 
Loiier, Benjamin. 157. 
Lotier, Jacob, 509. 
I.oiier, Luke, 188. 

rr, Nicholas, 509. 



Loiit 



, Olivi 



Lubbertzen. Abram, 33, 
Lubbetiien, Frederick, 23. 
Lubbertien, Jan, 33. 
[.ubbertien, Tys, 23, 
Lucas, Augustus. 603.. 
Lucas Friend, 114. 
Lucas. J,.bo, 7^. 
Lucas, Robert, 104. 
jucum, John GMrge. 331. 
Lucy Tliompson, ihip, 43B. 
l-udlam. William, 34S. 
Ludlow, Gabriel. 140. 
Ludlow, Gabriel H., 231. 
Ludlow, GobricfW., 317, 
Ludlow, (leoige, 217. 
Ludlow, Henry, ij6, 
Ludlow, Thomas, 156.333. 
Ludlow. William. 119. 
Ludlow, William W., 316. 
Lugg. Charles, 189. 
Lupton. William, 308. 
Lurting. (.-eorge, iii. 
Luiting. Roberi, alderman. 608 -1 4 ; 

mayor, 108. no, ris-iij, 119. 131. 

Ill, 127, 478, 483. 487, 488. 49(. 493. 

494 ; his death, 127. 
Lush, John. 136. 
Lusher, Charles, 135. 
Lyell, David, 74. 
Lyeli, William, 135. 
Lyle. William, 334. 
Lynch, Anthony, 88. 
Lynch, Elijah, 165. 
Lynch, Peter, 124. 
Lynch, Thomas, 94. 
Lyndon, John, loS. 
Lyndsey, John. 89. 
Lyne, James, 127. 
I-7"B' Jf'''" •!""■ 197. 
Lyng, Koberl, 197. 
Lynn, David, iii, 
Lynscn, Abraham, 123, Soj. 
Lynsen, ]>aniel. 131, 
Lynsen, Gideon, 127. 
I,yn=en. Joost. 71. 
Lynsen, Joseph, 217, 
Lynus, NnihanicI, 574. 
l.yon, Abraham, 169. 
Lyon, Phillip, 608. 
Lyon, Thomas, 79. 



INDEX. 



655 



Lyons, David, rys. 
Lyons, John, 156. 

Mabie, Cornelius, 285, 

Mabie, Frederick, 279. 

McAllister, John, i8g. 

McAlpin, Robert, 144. 

MacBarelh, Reginald, 156. 

McCall, Hugh, 175. 

McCaller, Charles, 165. 

McCallester, John, 189. 

McCartney, James, 178. 

McCarty, John, 180. 

McCarty, Thomas, 227. 

McClean, Alexander, 228. 

McClean, John, 158. 

MacCloud, Ferguson, 81. 

MacCloud, John, 93. 

McComb, John, 216. 

McComb, Eleazer, 216. 

McCormick, Daniel, 222 ; alderman, 

288. 
McCoy, Alexander, 160. 
McCoy, Donald, 154. 
McCullen, James, 237. 
McCullen, Robert, 284. 
McCulligan, Patrick, 187. 
Mac Daniel, Daniel, 79. 
McDaniel, John, 190. 
McDaniel, Patrick, 192. 
McDaniel, Thomas, 193. 
McDavitt, Patrick, 220. 
McDermott, William, 221. 
McDonald, Alexander, 229. 
MacDonald, Francis, 560. 
McDougall, Abraham, 509. 
McDougall, Alexander, 196, 224. 
McDougall, Duncan, 176, 196, 197. 
McDougall, John, 509. 
McDougall, William, 218. 
Macdonough, Com. Thomas, presented 

with the freedom of the city, 381, 

393 ; to sit for his portrait, 381 ; his 

letter of acceptance, 385. 
McDowell. Benjamin, 276. 
McDowell, Hugh, 229. 
McDugall, Angus, 184. 
McDugey, Daniel, 220. 
Macedonian frigate, 370, 371. 
McElroy, Archibald, 189. 
McElroy, Edward, 183. 
McEuen, Archibald, 159. 
McEuen, Daniel, 181. 
McEuen, Malcolm, 161, 232. 
McEvers, John, 159. 
McFall, John, 245. 
MacGee, John, 146, 174. 
McGee, Samuel, 1S9. 
McGill, John, 247. 
McGillivrey, John, 220. 

42 



McGinnis, Alexander, 235. 

MacGra, James, 184. 

MacGregor, John, 580, 608. 

McGuire, Dennis, 201. 

McGuire. Matihew, 136. 

McGuire, Richard, 165. 

Machado, Aaron, 139. 

Machett, Jane, 60. 

Machett, John, 220. 

Machett, Peter, 90, 198. 

McHugo, Edward, 276. 

Mcllvaine, Rev. Charles P., men- 
tioned, 434. 

Mcllvaine, William, 198. 

Mcintosh, Ennis, 166. 

Mcintosh, Henry, 82. 

Mcintosh, John, 190. 

Mcintosh, Laughlin, 190. 

Mclntyre, Archibald, mentioned, 365. 

Mclver, Duncan, 175. 

McKay, Alexander, 81. 

McKay, John, 91, 509. 

McKenney, William. 280. 

McKenney, Lieut. William E., men- 
tioned, 418. 

McKenny, Barnett, 177. 

McKenny, Neal, 220. 

McKenzie, James, 189. 

McKesson, John, 215. 

McKeyser, George, 210. 

McKiddian, John, 176. 

McKindlas, David, 166, 212. 

McKindlas, Robert, 174. 

McKinley, William, 187. 

McLane. Allen, mentioned, 418. 

McLaughlin, Andrew J., 366. 

McLean, Charles, 278. 

McLean, Dr. Donald, 217. 

McLean, John, 284. 

Mclean, Lauchlin, 150. 

McLean, Peter, 236. 

McLennan, Elizabeth, 618. 

MacLennan, John. 86. 

McMullen, James, 188. 

McMullen, John, 139, 173. 

McNab, John, 175. 

McName, Francis, 180. 

McNeal, Arthur, 184. 

Macomb, Gen. Alexander, presented 
with the freedom of the city, 387, 
391 ; to sit for his portrait, 388 ; his 
letter of acceptance, ^c,o. 

McPherson, Charles A., 367. 

McPherson, Elijah, 509, 510. 

McQuinn, John, 187. 

McQuary, John, 160. 

McVickar, Archibald, 228. 

McWilliams, Robert, 213. 

Maddin, Daniel, 76. 

Maddock, John, 78. 



656 



INDEX. 



Maerschaick, Abraham, 128. 

Maerschalck, Andrew, 175, 206. 

Maerschalck, Andries, 71. 

Maerschalck, Everet, 25. 

Maerschalck, Francis, 134. 

Maerschalck, George, 163. 

Maerschalck, Isaac, 206. 

Maerschalck, John. 132, 164. 

Maerschalck. Peter, 124. 

Magnon, John, 86. 

Magra, Roger, 1C2. 

Mahan, Andrew, 595. 

Major, Thomas, 81. 

Malcolm, William, 216. 

Mallenbiey, Dr. Joseph, 2S9. 

Man, Adrian, 64, 157. 

Man, David, 231. 

Man, Edward, 116. 

Man, James, 151, 152. 

Man, Johannes, 155. 

Man, John, 135. 235. 

Mandeville, Jelles, 141. 

Mannrers, James, 143. 

Manning, Thomas, 228. 

Mansfield, Charles, 81. 

Manton, Phillip, 589. 

Many, James, 86, 592, 593. 

Mapes, Jonas, alderman, 388, 393, 400, 

401. 
Marble, Francis, 234. 
Marden, Moses, 237. 
Mare, John, 179, 206. 
Mareschall, Claas Jellis, 25. 
Margeson, John, 103, 154. 
Marinus, John, 92. 
Marius, Peter Jacobs, 22 : alderman, 

47. 
Markenecr, John, 584. 

Marks, John, 81. 
Marks, Peter, 79. 
Marlin, John, 198. 
Marling, Abraham, 192. 
Mamey, Francis, 158. 
Marreli, Robert, 126. 
Marriner, Edward, 144. 
Marriner, Nathaniel, 230. 
Marriner, William, 200. 
Marriott, Thomas, 618. 
Marques, Isaac Rodriques, 610. 
Marselius, Jacob, 248. 
Marsh, John, 97. 
Marsh, Samuel, 365. 
Marshall, Edward, 76. 
Marshall, Ethelbert A., 560. 
Marshall, Jeremiah, 293. 
Marshall, John, 124, 174, 219; alder- 
man, 504. 
Marshall, Thomas, 102. 
Marston, John, 216. 
Marston. Margaret, 574. 



Marston. Nathaniel, 54, 123, 182, 573, 

574. 608, 616. 
Marston. Thomas, 200. 
Martense, Ryer, 68. 
Marlin, John, 277. 
Martin, Josiah, i8i. 
Martin, Peter, 185. 
Martindale, James, 89. 
Mariling, Abraham, 207, 242, 287. 
Martlii.g, Abraham B., lavem, 310, 339. 
Mariling. Barent, 188, 597. 
Mason, Robert, 65, 580, 586. 589. 
Masters, Daniel, in. 
Masters Francis, 97. 
Masters, John, 596. 
Maslon, Charles, 245. 
Mathers, James, 283. 
Mathewman, Luke, 157. 
Mathews, Bridget, 581. 
Mathews, David, 226. 
Maihews, Fletcher, 93. 
Mathews, Capt. Peter, 56, 581. 616. 
Matlack, While C, 224. 
Maiiock, Isaac, 128. 
Matlysen, Nicholas, 92. 
Maude, a Negro woman, 601. 
Mauritsen, Peter, 248. 
Maverick, Andrew, 178. 
Maxwell, James, 91. 
May, Tulip, 168. 
May, William, 96. 
Mayes, Thomas, 98. 
May field, John, 165. 
Mayle, Charles, 215. 
Mayle, Henry, 54. 
Mayle, Jacob, 54. 
Maynard, Daniel, 84. 
Maynard, George, 82. 
Maynard, John, 121. 
Mayne, Capt. Covil, presented with the 

freedom of the city, 112, 477. 
Meade. Joseph, 234. 
Meales, Sarah, 604. 
Mears, Judah, 136. 
Meckar, John, 242. 
Medley, Thomas, 92. 
Meeks, Edward, 207. 
Meeks, Joseph, 156, 216. 
Megapolensis, Johannes, 19. 
Meindersen, Eghbert, 25. 
Mellen, David H., 210. 
Melick, Jonas, 150. 
Mellen, Robert, 55. 
Melott, John P., 55, 69, 568. 
Membret, Elias, 99. 
Membret, John, 83, loi. 
Mens, Jacob, 20. 
Meredith, Thomas, 237. 
Mergesen, Peter, 509. 
Merill, Andrew, 212. 



INDEX. 



657 



Merrilt, Edward, 81. 

Merritt, John, 62, 142. 

Merritt, William. 62 ; mayor, 58, 569, 

572. 573, 574. 575. 576, 577, 578. 
Mersereau, Daniel, 573. 
Mertier, Johannes, 67. 
Merier, Abraham, 66, 171 ; alderman, 

544. 
Mesier, Peter, 105 ; alderman, 379, 385, 

400. 
Mesier, Peter J., 71, 
Metcalfe, John, 120. 
Metslaer, Abraham, 70. 
Melslaer, Hendrick, 62, 600. 
Meyer, Andries, 40. 
Meyer, Cornelius 283. 
Meyer, Hendrick, 70. 
Meyer, Hermanns, 67. 
Meyer, Isaac, 280. 
Meyer, Johannes, 40. 
Meyer, John, 213. 
Meyer, Nicholas, 29. 
Meyer, see Myer. 
Meyers, Solomon, 104. 
Millbourne, William, 238, 
Miller, Arie, 212. 
Miller, Bartell, 104. 
Miller, Charles, 212. 
Miller, Christopher, 235. 
Miller, Daniel, 100. 
Miller, David, 168. 
Miller, (ieorge, 265. 
Miller, Gilbert, 100. 
Miller, Godfrey, 172, 182. 
Miller, Henry, 202. 
Miller, Jacob, loi, 116. 
Miller, Jonathan, 249. 
Miller, John, 56, 119, 209. 
Miller, Paul, 199. 
Miller, Samuel, 187. 
Miller, Silvanus, mentioned, 332, 335. 
Miller. Thomas, 95, 220. 
Miller, William, 205. 
Milligan, Dr. John, 161. 
Millikin, Josiah, loo. 
Milliner, Robert. 509. 
Milliner, William, 131. 
Mills, Abraham, 135. 
Mills, Alexander, 89. 
Mills, James, 59, 130, 572. 
Mills, John, 273 ; mentioned, 309. 
Milienburgh, Oliver, 21 1. 
Milton, Thomas, 54. 
Milward, Robert, 84, 454. 
Ming, Edward, 225. 
Minifie, Richard, 236. 
Miiithorne, Mangle, 204 ; alderman, 

3i3» 316, 317, 320. 
Minthorne, Philip, alderman, 471. 
Minvieille, David, 93. 



Minvielle, Gabriel, alderman, 39. 

Minvielle, John J., 82. 

Minvielle, Peter, ^04. 

Misseroy, George, 170. 

Mitchell, Henry, 279. 

Mitchell, John, 103. 

Mitchell, Peter, alderman, 433. 

Mitchell, William, 246. 

Mol, I^mbert Huybertzen, 20. 

Mollenear, William, mentioned, 310. 

Mompesson, Roger, presented with the 

freedom of the city, 88, 462. 
Monckton, Gov, Robert, presented with 

the freedom of the city, 200, 529 ; 

mentioned, 535. 
Monro, Alexander, 152. 
Monroe, John, 119. 
Monsey, Thomas, 57. 
Montagne, Isaac, 63. 
Montagne, Johannes la, 2, 19. 
Montagne, Thomas, 76. 
Montanie, Joseph, 140, 146. 
Monianie, Vincent, 144. 
Montanja, Abraham, 216. 
Montanja, Benjamin, 214. 
Montanja, Thomas, 188. 
Montanje, John, 209. 
Montanje, Peter, 156. 
Montanye, John, 508. 
Monianye, John, 274, 508. 
Montanye, Montagne, see De Lamon- 

lagne. 
Montgomerie, Gov. John, presented 

with the freedom of the city, no, 

476 ; grants a charter to the city, 480, 

481, 482. 
Montgomery, Alexander, 180. 
Montgomery, Hugh, 285. 
Montgomery, John, 166. 
Montgomery, Samuel, 296. 
Moonah, Jacob, 56, 227. 
Moone, Richard, 231. 
Moone, Thomas, 148. 
Moone, William, 184. 
Mooney, John, 367. 
Mooney, Thomas, 367. 
Mooney, William, 279. 
Moore, Abraham, 243. 
Moore, Alexander, 88. 
Moore, Anthony, 25. 
Moore, Benjamin, 124, 228. 
Moore, Blazey, 211. 
Moore, Francis, 244. 
Moore, Gabriel, 109. 
Moore, Gov. Sir Henry, presented with 

the freedom of the city, 213, 534. 
Moore, James, 278. 
Moore, John, 79, 81, 115, 217, 219, 

590 ; alderman, 153, 483, 487, 504. 
Moore, John B., 224. 



658 



INDEX. 



Moore, Lambert, 175 ; deputy city 

clerk, 516. 
Moore, Mary, 590. 
Moore, Nicholas, 224. 
Moore, Thomas W., 222. 
Moran, Edward, 366. 
Morehead, William, 60. 
Morey, Nathaniel, 94. 
Morgan, David, 244. 
Morgan, WUliam, 114. 
Morgat, Peter, 107. 
Morin, Peter, 55. 
Morisset, Sewaes, 78. 
Morne, Jacob, 104. 
Morrell, James, 283. 
Morrill, Mathew, 211. 
Morris, Andrew, alderman, 3 13, 316,317. 
Morris, Archibald, 86. 
Morris, David, 209. 
Morris, Elizabeth, 571. 
Morris, Euphema, 493. 
Morris, Isaac, 147. 
Morris, Jacob, 279. 
Morris, John, 57, 177, 197. 
Morris, Judah, 95. 
Morris, Lewis, 493, 601. 
Morris, Mary, 601. 
Morris, Matthew, 164. 
Morris, Silvester, 193. 
Morris, Stephen, 112. 
Morris, William, 63, 579. 
Morrison, Martin, 248. 
Morrison, Nathaniel, 283. 
Mors, Aaron, 179. 
Mors, Ebenezer, 96. 
Morse, Freeman H., mentioned, 434. 
Morss, Ciarret Hollar, 133, 500. 
Monier, Johannes, 53. 
Morton, John, 224. 
Morton, Gen. Jacob, mentioned, 371, 

Moses, Isaac, 213. 
Moss, Peter, 108. 
Mott, Adam, 143. 
Mott, Asher, 148. 
Mott, Charles. 454. 
Mott, Edmond, 212. 
Mott, Jacob, 365, 366. 
Mott, James, 203. 
Mott, John, 182, 227. 
Mott. William L., 367. 
Moulinar, John, 150. 
Mountford, William, 65. 
Moyon, William, 56. 
Mowatt, Alexander, 152. 
Mo watt, John, 209. 
Muckleworlh, Ivy, 241. 
Mullaghan, Hugh, 160. 
Muller, Elijah, 152. 
Mulligan, Cojk, 217. 



Mulligan, Herculus, 203. 

Mulligan, John W., 366. 

Mulliner, Thomas, 187. 

Mullock, Joshua, 223. 

Munday, Amos, 278. 

Munden, James, 102. 

Munson, Reuben, alderman , 385, 405, 

406. 
Murdock, Peter, 87. 
Murg, Thomas, 128. 
Murphy, Alexander, 178. 
Murphy, James, 116. 
Murphy, Michael, 196. 
Murphy, Nicholas, 137. 
Murphy, Patrick, 231. 
Murra, John, 151. 
Murray, James, 181. 
Murray, James B., alderman, 417. 
Murray, John, 208, 278. 
Murray, Joseph, presented with the 

freedom of ihe city, in, 476. 
Murray, Robert, 179. 
Musson, Mrs. Hester, no. 
Musty, Matthew, 246. 
Myer, Abraham, 141. 
Myer, Adolph, 142. 
Myer, Andrew, 127, 128. 
Myer, Arent, 142. 
Myer, Christopher, 160. 
Myer, Cornelius, 153, 191, 283. 
Myer, Isaac, 187. 
Myer, Jacob, 125. 
Myer, Jacobus, 165, 206. 
Myer, Johannes, 69, 136, 141. 
Myer. John, 145, 180, 544. 
Myer, Lawrence, 146. 
Myer, see Meyer. 
Myers, Andrew, 243. 
Myers, Asher, 183. 
Myers, Jacob P., mentioned, 310. 
Myers, Jacob S., 367. 
Myers, James, 241. 
Myers, James J., 241. 
Myers, John J., 244. 
Myers, ManueJ, 193. 
Myers, Myer. 155. 
Myers, Samuel, 114. 
Mynderson, John, 584. 
Mynderts, JUirker, 59. 
Mynderis, Reyneur, 59. 

Nack, Matthias, 98. 
Nack, Rynier, 122. 
Naerden, Peter Casperson van, 20. 
Nagel, Barnet, 273. 
Nagel, Jan, 20. 
Nagel, John, 6g, 141. 
Nandin, Andrew, 91. 
Nanfan, Lieut. -Gov. John, presented 
with the freedom of the city, 75. 



INDEX. 



659 



Napier, James, 147. 

Naptlialy, Isaac, 159. 

Nash, James, 159. 

Navaro, David, 176. 

Nazarett, William, 65. 

Neau, Elias, 77. 

Neavin, James, 187. 

Ncby, Casper, 71. 

Needham, John, 200. 

Needham, William, 214. 

Nefus, Peter, 169. 

Negroes, bond of a free Negro, 569 ; a 
female slave bound for 18 years, 601. 

Neilson, John, 165. 

Neilson, William, alderman, 256, 263. 

Nenning, John, 241. 

Nerberry, John, 65. 

Nessepott, Jasper, 52, 72. 

Nevill. Edward, 168. 

Nevin, Bryan, 154. 

Nevius, Johannes, secretary, 27, 34. 

New Amsterdam, complaint against 
Scots traders (pedlers) in, 1-4, 8 ; 
regulations for trade, 1-4 ; the bur- 
gher right established in, 5-18 ; ap- 
pointment of ofTiciah, 12, 13 ; list of 
burghers, 19-25 ; poverty of, 26, 28 ; 
government of, 44 : see Burghers. 

Newell, Andrew, 293. 

New Jersey, tradesmen from work in 
New York without license, 507. 

Newkirke, Peter, 66, 576. 

New Orleans, defence of, honors to 
Gen. Jackson, 404-410 ; to Com. 
Patterson, 417 ; captured by the 
Union army, 440. 

Newport, R. I., pirates executed at, 

472. 

Newten, Brian, member of the council, 
2. 

New World, ship, 425. 

New York Cily» government organized 
by Col. NicoUs, 43 ; the port of the 
province, 44 ; flour the staple pro- 
duction, 45 ; freemen to work on the 
fortifications, 447, 458 ; laws pub- 
lished by the ringing of three bejls, 
44^) 459) 467 • ^hc garrison of made 
freemen, 452 ; high price of provis- 
ions and clothing, 453 ; entertains 
Ciov. Cosby, 485 ; the centre of 
trade, 487 ; the liberty of the press 
defended in, 496 ; use of the city seal, 
499 ; the city hall on fire, 505 ; me- 
chanics object to countrymen working 
in the city, 507, 539 ; dinner to Gov. 
Osborn, 517 ; political troubles in 
I753» 518 ; influence of the French 
war on, 524 ; the corporation loyal to 
the king, 536, 541 ; riot in, 540 ; 



illuminated in honor of Gov. Tryon, 
544 ; fire at Fort George, 548 ; office 
of alderman and coroner not to be 
held by the same person, 551 ; dinner 
to Gen. Gage, 555 ; civil government 
su.>pended during the war of the Rev- 
olution, 238 ; congratulations on its 
repossession from the British, 252, 
254, 258. 266, 268, 272 ; held in es- 
teem by Gen. Steuben, 265 ; altera- 
tion of the city hall for Congress, 286, 
412 ; an alderman must be a freeman, 
292 ; dinner to Decatur, Hull, and 
Jones, 371 ; to the crew of the Hor- 
net, 375 ; illuminated in honor of the 
victories in Mexico, 423 ; see Appren- 
tices, Charter, and Freemen. 

Nezereau, Elias. 54, 88. 

Niblelt, Thomas, 109. 

Nichels, Abram, 19. 

Nicholls, George, ill. 

Nicholls, John, 114. 

Nicholls, Richard, 116. 

Nicholls, William, 280. 

Nicholson, Christopher, 113. 

Nicholson, William, 161. 

Nicoll, Charles, 154. 

NicoU, Edward, 157, 220. 

Nicoll. John, 153. 

Nicoll, W^illiam, 194. 

Nicolls, George, 148. 

Nicolls, James, 79. 

Nicolls, John, 98. 

Nicolls, Capt. Matthias, mayor, 41. 

Nicolls, Gov. Richard, grants rights to 
the city, 43. 

Nisbet, James, 106. 

Nisbet, Robert, 75, 196, 589, 593, 622. 

Nixon, James, 226. 

Nixon, Thomas, 104. 

Noble, John, 109, 117. 

Noble, Richard, 139. 

Noble, Thomas, 93, 129'. 

Noble, William, 246. 

Nodine, Lewis, 143. 

Noel, Garret, 177. 

Noell, Thomas, 61 ; mayor, 75, 596, 
597. 598* 600, 601. 

Nontels, Peter. 82. 

Normand, William, 215. 

Norris, Euphema, 493. 

Norris, Admiral Sir John, 493. 

Norris, Capt. Matthew, presented with 
the freedom 01 the city, 124, 493. 

Norris, Richard, 234. 

North, Joseph, 122. 

North, William, 102. 

Northouse. Robert, 165. 

Norton, George, 74. 

Norton, Hugh, 606. 



66o 



INDEX. 



Norton, Rebecca, 606. 
Norton, Thomas, 590. 
Norwood, Benjamin, 615. 
Norwood, Mathew, 226. 
Norwood, Richard, 123. 204, 615. 
Norwood, Tobias, 212. 
Norwood, Vander Clife, 204. 
Nowlan, Thomas, 185. 
Noxon, Bartholomew, 114. 
Noxon, Peter, no. 
Noxon, Thomas, 93, 99. 
Nuihwait, John, 246. 
Nutter, William, 183. 

Oakee, Matthew, 161. 

Oakley, Jonathan, 98. 

Oakley. Nehemiah, 169. 

Oaks, Thomas, 95. 

Oates, Samuel, 131. 

Oblinus, John, 70, 187. 

Ocean Monarch, packet ship, 425. 

Oday, Peter, 59, 449- 

Oelefers, Haey, 23. 

Ogden, Benjamin, 191. 

Ogden, Caleb, 197. 

Ogden, Henry, 232. 

Ogden, Jonathan, i6r. 

Ogilvie, Alexander, 211. 

Ogilvie, Thomas, 198. 

Oldys, Benjamin, 85, 595. 

Oliver, Lieut. Charles, 79. 

Oliver, John, 119. 

Olpherts, Suerl, 68. 

Onclebag, Genet, 69. 

Oothont, John, 120, 205 ; alderman, 

313. 316, 317. 
Opdyke, George, mayor, 431. 
Orchard, William. 79. 
Orum, Edward, 119. 
Osborn, Gov. Sir Danvers, presented 

with the freedom of the city, 179, 

516. 
Osborn, William, 100. 
Osburne, Henry, 176. 
Osman, John, 242. 
Osgood, Samuel, mentioned, 331, 334, 

335. 337- 
Osmond, John, 81. 

Ostrande. Johannes, 92. 

Oswald, Philip, 227. 

Ott, Jacob, 216. 

Otterson, Andrew, 367. 

Ousterman, Frederick, 173. 

Ousterman, John, 232. 

Oulen Bogarl, Abraham, 213. 

Outen Bogart, John, 151, 192. 

Outen Bogart, Richard, 145, 189. 

Outerberg, Peter, 202. 

Outerkirck, Abraham, 146. 

Outman, John, 53, 77. 



Oveler, John, 199. 
Overin, Richard, 76. 
Owen, Jeremiah, 137. 
Owen, John, 250. 
Ozy, Pierre, 509. 

Pacheco, Rodrigo, 91. 

Packer, John, 60, 598. 

Padwick, James, 95. 

Pagan, William, 225. 

Page, John, 60. 

Page, William, 148. 

Paine, John, 269. 

Paine, Peter, 81. 

Paine, Philip, 201. 

Painter, John, 211. 

Palairet, Septimus H., 498. 

Palmer, Drake, 152. 

Palmer, Henry, 216. 

Palmer, James, 213 ; alderman, 415. 

Palmer, John, 186. 

Palmer, Richard, 193. 

Palmer, Thomas, 61, 127, 193 

Palmer, William, 170. 

Pallet, Elias. 603. 

Pangborne, Peter, 59. 

Panton, Andrew, 79. 

Panton, Francis, 196. 

Parcel 1, Henry, 97. 

Parcell, Jacob, 151. 

Parcell, John, 162, 177. 

Parcell, Nicholas, 170, 203. 

Parcell, William, 130. 

Parcell, see Parsell. 

Parent, Lewis, 140. 

Pari.«en, Otto, 222 ; manufactures gold 
boxes for freedoms, 550, 555. 

Parke, William, 223. 

Parker, Elisha, 154. 

Parker. James, 165. 

Parker, Thomas, 81. 

Parkinson, Robert, 76, 604. 

Parks, Daniel, presented with the free- 
dom of the city, 57. 

Parlier, John, 58. 

Parr, John, 88. 

Parsell, Thomas, 184, 237. 

Parsell, William, 190, 282. 

Parsell, see Parcell. 

Parsman, Francis, 243. 

Parsons, Francis, 53. 

Parsons, John, 181. 

Partridge, Nehemiah, 97. 

Parmyter, Paroculus, 75, 599. 

Parmyter, Thomas, 57. 

Patch, John, 105. 

Palten, Edward, 279. 

Patten, William, 178. 

Patterson, Alexander, 220. 

Patterson, Com. Daniel T., presented 



INDEX. 



66 1 



with the freedom of the city, 417, 

418, 419. 
Patterson, James, 247. 
Patterson, John, 115. 
Patterson, Dr. Josiah, 169. 
Patterson, William, 241. 
Pattifield, Thomas, 79. 
Paul, Joseph, 166. 
Paul, Joshua, 1 11. 
Paulding, Abraham, 96. 
Paulding, Cornelius, 247. 
Paulding, James, 195. 
Paulding, Joost, 53. 
Paulding, Joseph, 128, 144, 198. 
Paulisse, Jacob, 73. 
Paulse, Johannes, 72. 
Pauluzen, Michiel, 20. 
Paxton, Alexander, 62, 600. 
Payne, Benjamin, 146. 
Payne, Lawrence, 120. 
Peacock, frigate, 374, 377, 410, 411. 
Peake, Nathaniel, 79. 
Pearce, John, 241. 
Pearsall, Israel, 248. 
Pearse, Thomas, 159. 
Pearsee, Jonathan, Jr., mentioned, 309. 
Pearsee, William, 146. 
Pcarss, John P., 292. 
Peariree, William, 76 ; mayor, 86, 609 

to 620. 
Paisley, Jonathan, 131. 
Peat, James, 592. 
Peat, Rene, 592. 
Peck, Benjamin, 89. 
Peck, Isaac, 205. 
Peck, Lucas, 105. 
Peckwell, Henry, 209. 
Peddlers from Holland complained of, 

1-4, 8, 28, 32, 33, 35 ; regulated. 10, 

26. 
Peddrick. Benjamin, 144. 
Peeck, Jacob, 577. 
Peeck, Jan, 23. 
Peeck, Lewis, 577. 
Peek, John, 147. 
Peek, William, 130. 
Peers, Edmund, 105. 
Peet, Thomas, 251. 
Peel, William, 139, 186. 
Peffer, John, 131. 
Pefifer, Michael, 94. 
Pell, Caleb, 279. 
Pell, Gilbert, 209. 
Pell, Roger, 169. 
Pell, Samuel, 103, 128, 146. 
Pell, Thomas, 65. 
Pell, William, 65. 
Pelletreau, Elias, 62, 170. 
Pelletreau, John, 62, 98. 
Pelletreau, Paul, 133. 



Pells, Abraham, 146. 

Pells, Samuel, 117. 

Pells, StofTell, 69. 

Pelse, Evert, 120. 

Pemberton, William, 76, 591. 

Pendergast, Martin, 194. 

Pendleton, Capt. Charles B., men- 
tioned, 428. 

Penn, Mr., 517. 

Pennant, Edward, 618, 619. 

Penny, William, 589. 

Pennyman, Joseph, 105. 

Pepper, Mark, 127. 

Perdriau, Stephen, 82. 

Pereira, Abraham, 95. 

Perfect, James, 131. 

Perie, Jan de, 22. 

Perkins, Humphrey, 86. 

Perkins, James, 233. 

Perot, James, 86. 

Perot, Philip. 119. 

Perrine, Daniel, 248. 

Perrow, Richard, 107. 

Perry, John, 63, lor, 237. 

Perry, Marvin, 226. 

Perry, Com. Matthew C, presented 
with the freedom of the city, 424. 

Perry, Com. Oliver H., presented with 
the freedom of the city, 378. 380, 
382 ; to sit for his portrait, 378 ; his 
letter of acceptance, 380. 

Perry Street named in honor of Com. 
O. H. Perry, 378. 

Perry, Thomas, 172. 

Person, John, 84. 

Perwidgh, Job, 64. 

Peters, George, 173. 

Peters, John, 233. 

Peters, Peler, 242. 

Peters, William, 156. 

Peterse, Garrit, 214. 

Peterson, George, 149, 

Peterson, John, 193. 

Peterson, Peter, 175. 

Peterson, William, 296. 

Petigru, Lieut. Thomas, mentioned, 
418. 

Petit, Richard, 508. 

Petit, Thomas, 508. 

Pett, John, 602. 

Pew, John, 72. 

Phafer, Adam, 164, 509. 

Phagan, Patrick, 146. 

Philipse, Adolph, 222. 

Philipse, David, 171. 

Philipse, Frederick, 20, 115 ; alderman, 

115, 471. 483, 485. 
Philipse, Jonas, 226. 

Philipse, Philip, 159. 

Phillips, Charles, 154. 



662 



INDEX. 



Phillips, John C, 241. 

Phillips, Joseph, 92. 

Phillips, Samuel, 58, 597. 

Phillips, William, 61, 245. 

Phillpot, Richard, no. 

Phipps, Capt. Benjamin, 57. 

Phcebe, frigate, 439. 

Phcenix, Alexander, 119. 175. 

Phoenix, Daniel, alderman, 251. 

Phoenix, Gerrardus, 147. 

Phcenix, Jacob, 67, 132. 

Pia, Peter, 25. 

Pickering, Charles, 96. 

Pierce, Christopher, 212. 

Pierce, William, 59. 

Piercey, Jonathan, 201. 

Piero, John, 213. 

Piers, Henry, 24. 

Pierson, David, 250. 

Pierson, Ephraim, 597. 

Pierson, John, 84. 181, 454. 

Pierson, Joseph, 216, 597. 

Pierson, William, 247. 

Pieters, Ryndert van Bolsaert, 20. 

Pieterse, John, 90. 

Pietersen, Johannes van Brugge, 19. 

Pieterson, Tryntie, 20. 

Pieterzen, Abram, 22. 

Pieterzen, Adolph, 21. 

Pieterzen, Claes, 24. 

Pieterzen, Claes Kos, 22. 

Pieterzen, Cornelis, 20. 

Pieterzen, Gerrit van Amsterdam, 20. 

Pieterzen, Hendrick van Hasselt, 22. 

Pieterzen, Jan, 23. 

Pieterzen, Jan van Struckhausen, 23. 

Pieterzen, Peter, 23. 

Pillow, Gen. Gideon II., mentioned, 406. 

Pine, John, 172. 

Pine, Michael, 187. 

Pinhorne, William, 40, 43. 

Pinketheman, Capt. Charles, presented 

with the freedom of the city, 93, 465. 
Pintard, John, 289 ; alderman, 288, 504. 
Pintard, John Lewis, 106. 
Pinto, Abraham, 147. 
Piper, David, 166. 
Piper, Isaac, 231. 
Piper, John, 202. 

Pirates captured by Capt. Solgard, 471. 
Pitt, Abraham, 143. 
Pitt, Jacob, 99. 
Pitt, William, portrait presented to the 

city, 538. 
I'lace, Robert, 227. 
Plastead, Richard, 56. 
Plattsburgh, defence of, 387, 390. 
Pleaces, Aaron. 122. 
Plevier, Johannes, 65. 
Plowman, Daniel, 576. 



Plowman, Matthew, 577. 
Plowman, Peter, 133, 500. 
Polhemus, Daniel, 102. 
Pontinier, William, 162. 
Pontuis, John Christian, 210. 
Pool, Isaac, 166. 
Pool, Thomas, 197. 

Poole, William, 225. 
Pooley, Matthias, 86, 456. 

Pooley, Nicholas, 86, 456. 

Poor, Richard, 166. 

Poplcsdorf, William, 133. 

Porter, Com. David, mentioned, 439. 

I*orter, John, 244. 

Port Hudson captured, 440. 

Porter, Richard, 170. 

Porterfield, John, 189. 

Pos, Ix)dowick, 21. 

Poser, Jacob, 237. 

Post. Anthony, 217. 

Post, Cornelius, 247. 

I'ost, David, 203. 

Post, Isaac, 180. 

Post, James, 192. 

Post, Joel, 279. 

Post, John, 153, 202. 

Post, Martinus, 185. 

Post, William, 194, 273. 

Potter, Daniel, loi. 

Potter, Midshipman, mentioned, 418. 

Potter, Ralph, 100. 

Potter, Richard, 59. 

Potts, Thomas, 97. 

Poulase, Anna, 607. 

Poulse, Johannes, 120. 

Poulizen, Claes, 22. 

Pountenay, Henry, 95. 

Pounteneau, Peter, 118. 

Poutreau, Daniel, 576. 

Povey, Henry, 79. 

Powelse, Hendrick, 154. 

Powelson, Hannah, 607. 

Powelson, John, 607. 

Powles, John, 607. 

Poyshart, Peter. 212. 

Pree, Jan de, 23. 

Preler, Daniel, 53. 

Price, Abraham, 97. 

Price, Edward, 193. 

Price, Elijah, 276. 

Price, Jacob, loi. 

Price, John, 134, 160. 

Prickilt, Richard, 233. 

Pridmore, John, 593. 

Prior, John Edward, 210. 

Privateers, services of the Hunter Gal- 
ley, 465 ; Spanish plunder Gardiner's 
Island, 477 ; French vessel on the 
coast, 511 : services of the Royal 
Catharine, 511. 



INDEX. 



663 



Proctor, Cardan, 159. 

Proctor, William, 132, 168. 

Prosser, Joseph, 94. 

Provoost, Barent, 187. 

Provoost, Benjamin, 66. 

ProYOOst, Burger, 224. 

Provoost, David, 63, 133, 202 ; al- 
derman, 621 ; mayor, 74, 451, 
585, 586, 588, 598, 606 ; his farm, 
286. 

Provoost, Giddes. 133. 

Provoost, Jacob, 65. 

Provoost, Johannes, 64. 

Provoost, John, 133 ; alderman, 517. 

Provoost, Jonathan, 64. 

Provoost, Peter Praa, 138. 

Provoost, Robert, 135, 197. 

ProvoosJ, William, 73. 

Pnisher, William, 57. 

Pruttreau, l^aniel, lOl. 

Pryn, Jacus, 24. 

Purcell. Abraham, 136. 

Pullen, Thomas, 167. 

Purdy, James, 276. 

Purdy, John, 248. 

Quackenbos, Benjamin, 131, 201. 
Quackenbos, Cornelius, 150. 
Quackenbos, James, 280. 
Quackenbos, John, 155, 209. 
Quackenbos, Nicholas, 206. 
Quackenbos, Samuel, 243. 
Quackenbos, Peter, 218. 249. 
Quackenbos, Rynier, 177, 195. 
Quackenbos, Waller, 207. 
Quereau, Benjamin, 203. 
Quereau, Joshua, loi. 
Quereau, see Carow. 
Quey, Edward, 115, 125. 
Quick, Abraham, 132. 
Quick, Derick, 602. 
Quick, Jacobus, 201, 
Quick. James, 135. 
Quick, John, 138. 
Quick, Luke C, 206. 
Quick, Theunis, 59, 615. 
(^uick, Thomas, 602, 615. 
Quintard, Peter, 118. 

R add iff, Jacob, mayor, 401. 
Raer, Thomas, 81. 
Rafter, Hugh, 174. 
Rains, John, 242. 
Rainsford, Ralph, 74. 
Ramage, Smith, 219. 
Rambert, Elias, 620. 
Rambert, Nathaniel, 620. 
Ramsay, Andrew, 154. 
Ramsay, John, 219. 
Randal], William, 60, 1 74. 



Randle, Joseph, 232. 

Randolph, Thomas, 88. 

Rankin, W^illiam, 100. 

Ranshier, Frederick, 210. 

Ransom, Joseph, 246. 

Rapalje, Garret, 178. 

Rapalje, Stephen, 220. 

Raper, Thomas, in. 

Raiier, Jacob, 457, 596. 

Ratier, Jael. 457. 

Ratsey, Robert, 136. 

Raveau, Daniel, 147. 

Rawlinson, Jockhem, 65. 

Ray, Richard, 220, 618. 

Ray, Samuel, 229. 

Raymond, Eliakim, 221. 

Reade, Jacob, 184. 

Reade, James. 194. 

Reade, John, 74, 81, 579, 593. 

Reade, Joseph, 215. 

Reade, Lawrence, 54i 579. 

Reade, Leonard, 168. 

Reade, W'illiam, 593. 

Redding, Freeman, 136. 

Redding, Jeremiah, 88. 

Redet, Mathew, 204. 

Rednap, Col. John, presented with the 
freedom of the city, 88, 462. 

Reed, Duncan, 142. 

Regler, Andries, 222. 

Regnier, Jacob, presented with the free- 
dom of the city, 88, 457. 

Reid, James, 281. 

Relay, Lewis, 165. 

Remerse, John, loi. 

Remsen, Abraham, 154. 

Remsen, George, 230. 

Remsen, Hendrick, 162. 

Remsen, Jacob, 193. 

Remsen, Johannes, 143. 

Remsen, Joris, 153. 

Remsen, Peter, 152. 

Res, Andries, 40. 

Rescarrick, George, 58. 

Retan, John, 249. 

Revier, Abraham D., 214. 

Rey, John, 576. 

Rey, Richard, 576. 

Reynolds, James 2i6. 

Reynolds, John, 78. 

"Rezeau, Abraham, 62. 

Rezeau, Renatus, 61. 

Rezeau, Rene, 63. 

Rhinebecker, Henry, 242. 

Rhinelander, Frederick, 235. 

Rhinelander, W'illiam, 180. 

Rhuel, Gustaph M., 135. 

Ribot, Charier, 56. 

Rice, Abraham, 216. 

Rice, John, 232. 



664 



Rice, Laurence, 13O. 

Kich, Edward, 84. 454- 

kiche, Dennis, 103. 

Riche, Philip, 107. 

Ricliard. John, 139. 

Richard, Paul, 63; mayor, 137, lag, 

1-.0, [34- 117. -196, 500. 
I> .. ■■! J ■■: ; 9S- 

y , 9i '39- 

Kidijiids, Slephtn, 195. 
Kichitdion, lieriiard. 55. 
Richardson, Ciiarles. 175- 
Kichardsun, Francis, 53 
Richardson, Robert, loS. 
Richardson, Rolsall, I30. 
Richardson, Thomas. 109, 585. 
Richardson, William, 78, 135, 137, 179. 



Ridoul, Peter, 159. 

Rieber, Andries, 173. 

Kies, John, 337, 

Rigby, Joseph, 193. 

kigby, Thomas. 136. 

KigEB, Cakb S.,aldemiin, 313, 313, 

316, 317. 
Riggs. I.ieul. John, 79. 
RiRhton, Jolin, 59. 
Riker, Abraham, 347. 
Kiker, Henry, 23=. 
Riker, James, 310. 
Riker, Matthew, 347. 
Riker, Pcler. 170- 
Riker, Richard, feci.riier, 405, 406. 
Rik«, we kyker 
Rinedollar Emmanuel, 337. 
Ringo, Alberlirt, 6&. 
Ringo, Philip Jansen, 35. 
Riper. Jacob. 331. 
Ripple, John, too. 
Rilter, Henrv, 31 1. 
Rittcr, lohii'l',, alderman, 313, 317. 
Rilter, Michael, 311. 
Riliema, Ruilolphu;., 315, 
Rivera, Abraham R., 108. 
Rivers. John. 146. 
Riviere. I.enis, 83. 
Rivmg.o,,. James. 317. 
Roake. Kraueis, 143. 
Robert, Christopher, iiT- 
Koberi. Daniel, 83. 
Rolierls, llenjamin, i)6, 
Roberts. Henry, no. 
Rolierts, Jacob, tit. 
Roberts. John, 136, I79- 
Roberts, Samuel, 133. 
Roberts, Simon, 157. 
Roberts, Thomas, 54. 67, S96- 601, 604. 

607. 



Robertson, Ateiander, aas- 

Robertson, Richard, 383. 
Robertson, Robert, 335. 
Robertson, William, 75. 
Robins. John, 118. 
Robinson, Charles, lia, 
Robinson, David, i6g. 
Robinson, Joseph, 63. 103, 1 
Robinson, Patrick, 168. 
Robinson, Richard, 132. 



Robin: 



,, Robe 



Robinson, Thomas, 53, 103, 178. 
Robinson, Widow, 461. 
Robinson, Wllli"ra, 606. 

i<Qi.k-5, n^M.i, 54- 

Knchelle. Jam.^, 17I. 
Uori. Thomas. 53- 
Kocigers, Richard. 18B. 
Rodman, John, 578, 580. 
Rodriques, Isaac, 60. 
Rodriques, Isaac R., 135. 
Roe, Jonas, 381. 
Roebel, Bartel Jansen, 33. 
Roebuck, Tarvis, iSs. 
Roelifse. Slarimis, 73- 
Rufh-isru lochems, 89. 
Rt^crs, Henry, 379. 
Rocers, Hngh, 155. 
R,.^fi-,, Sjmiiel, 184. 
liokcbv, Pliilip. 78. 454. 
Roll, Jacob. 2S3. 
Holland. John, 92, 630. 
■ ■■ id. Psti " 



Romine, Caspams, 347. 

Romine, Elias, 244- 

Romine, Nicholas. 203. 

Komney, John. 334. 

Roome. Amout. 138. 

Roome, t nrnelius. 232. 

Roome. Jacob, 163. 

Roome, Jacob P., 366, 

Roome. Johannes, ;o8. 

Roome, John, 155. 

Roome. John I.. C, 236. 

Roome, I-hn P., 366. 

Roome, jvhn W., 66, 

Roome, Lawrence, 128, 135. 

Roome, l.uke, 125. 

Roome, Paul. 169, 

Roome. Peter, 509. 

Roome, I'eter W.. 67. 

Roome, William, 123, 504, 50-. 

Roome, William P., 367!^ ' 

Roomer, lleniy, 198. 

Roorbach, Gerrit, aoo. 

Roortiach, Johannes, 113. 

Roos. C;errit, 105, 466 ; nlderman, 487, 



INDEX. 



665 



Roos, Gerril Jansen, 22. 

Roos, Gerrit J., 65. 

Roos, Lodewick, 180. 

Roos, Peter, 74. 

Rooseboom, William, 67. 

Roosevelt, Cornelius, 207. 

Roosevelt, Isaac, 163. 

Roosevelt, Jacob, T32, 163. 

Roosevelt, John, 132 ; alderman, 115, 
471, 476, 483. 487. 

Roosevelt, Nicholas, 64, 138, 140 ; al- 
derman, 517, 522. 590 ; manufactures 
gold boxes for freedoms, 517, 519, 

522. 532, 538. 
Roosevelt, Oliver, 509. 
Rose, James, 168. 
Rose, John, 55, 279. 
Rose, Stephen, 278. 
Rose, William L.. mentioned, 339. 
Ross, David, 213, 223. 
Ross, Ephraim, 276. 
Ross, Hugh, 222. 
Ross, John, 242, 278. 
Ross, Jonathan, 247. 
Ross, William, 158. 
Rossell, Peter, 212. 
Rousby, Christopher, 92. 
Rousby, Henry, 140. 
Rousby, William, 137. 
Rout, Samuel, 102. 
Rout, Thomas, 128. 
Row, Henry, 126. 
Rowe. Richard, 87. 
Roy, John, 89. 

Royal, Catherine, privateer, 511. 
Royall, Samuel, 11 1. 
Royse, Thomas, 225. 
Rozeau, Peter, 73. 
Ruchel, Daniel, 242. 
Ruckell, Phillip, 285. 
Rudolphus, Peter, 24, 29. 
Rudyard, Ann, 601. 
Rudyard, Thomas, 601. 
Rufif, Daniel, 153. 
Ruffhead, James, 137. 
Ruger, John, 194. 
Runshaw, John, 190. 
Rushton. John, 174. 
Ruslaer. Jacob, 209. 
Russell, Abraham, I02. 
Russell, John, 65. 
Russell, John Charles, 40. 
Russell, Joseph, 248. 
Russell, Richard, 57. 
Russell, Samuel, mentioned, 309. 
Ru<isell, William. 85. 
Ruston, Crosfield, 197. 
Ruslon, Peter, 132. 

Rutgers, Anthony, 72, 137, 161, 207, 
296 ; alderman, 485, 487. 



Rutgers, Harmanu«, 59. 76, 124. 
Rutgers, Henry, 124 ; mentioned, 310, 
31 1 ; member of assembly, 346, 350 

355- 
Rutgers, Peter, 106, 487. 

Rutgerzen, Jan, 19. 

Rutledge, Mr., 517. 

Rutledge. William, 270. 

Rutter, John, 236. 

Ruyter, Claes Jansen, 24. 

Ruyven, Cornells Van. secretary, II, 

30. 
Ryan, Bartholomew, 140. 
Ryan, Cornelius, 210. 
Ryan, John, 142, 233. 
Rycken, Abram, 21. 
Rycken, Reinier, 29. 
Ryckman, Arie, 213. 
Ryckman, Isaac, 163. 
Ryckman, Jacobus, 118. 
Ryckman, James, 243. 
Ryckman. Peter, 65. 
Ryckman, .Samuel, 163. 
Ryder, Hugh, 180. 
Ryder, Robert, 190. 
Ryder, Samuel, 178. 
Rydout, George, 154. 
Ryer, Michael, 190. 
Ryer, William, 283. 
Ryerse, Ryer J., 247. 
Ryker, Henry, 195. 
Ryker, Henry J., 234. 
Ryker, see Riker. 
Ryley, William, 1 10. 
Rynders, Barent, 123 ; alderman, 616, 

620. 
Ryneck, WMUiam. 233. 
Rynhoutzen, Rynhout, 20. 

Sackett, James, 214. 
Sackett, John, 169. 
Sackett, Joseph, 129. 
Sackett, Richard, 75. 
Sackett, Samuel, 179. 
Sadler, John, 81. 
Sahane, Samuel, 64. 
Salisbury, Humphrey, 91. 
Salmon, James, 55. 
Salter, Manassa, 223. 
Samler, John, 228. 
Samm, John, 92. 
Sample, James, 157. 
Samuel, Levy, 148. 
Sanders, Barent, 72. 
Sander?, Robert, 67. 
Sanders, Thomas, 21, 70. 
Sandersen, Thomas, 21. 
Sandford, Michael, 245, 270. 
Sandford, Peregrine, 106. 
Sandford, William, 249. 



666 



INDEX. 



Sands, Nalhaniel, 126. 

Sands, Obadiah, 367. 

Sanford, Gen. Charles W., mentioned, 

422. 
Sanford, Henry S., mentioned, 434. 
Sanford, Zalmon, member of assembly, 

350, 355. 
San Francisco, steamer, wrecked, 427. 
Santford, Cornelius, 105. 
Santford, John, mentioned, 307, 309. 
Sarah, barque, 426. 
Saunders, Abraham, 222. 
Saunders, John, 138. 
Saunders. Robert, log, 173. 
Savage, Barnaby, 154. 
Savory, William, 164. 
Sawyer, Francis, 236. 
Sawyer, John, 219. 
Sawyer, Peter, i66. 
Saxbcrry, John, 105. 
Saxon, John, 194. 
Sayre, John, 134. 
Sazadas, Abraham. 178. 
Scandlin, John. 220. 
Scandlinp, Patrick, 135. 
Scandrett, Timothy, 199. 
.Scandretl, William, 196. 
.Scerp, Juick J., 166. 
Schaats, Bariholmew, 88. 
Schaats, David, 277. 
Schabanck, Peter, 19. 
Schelluyne, Dirck van, 20. 
Schenck, Johannes, 71, 171. 
Schenck, Peter A., member of assembly, 

347. 
Schermerhorn, Arnout, 98. 

Schermerhorn, Maus, member of assem- 
bly, 350. 
Schleydorn, Henry, 102. 
Scholler, Garret, 228. 
Schouten, Lucas. 588. 
.Schryver, Jan, 22. 
Schullharp, John, 169. 
Schuliz, Jochem Christian, 227, 
Schultz, Johann M., 94. 
Schuliz, John. 136. 
Schureman, Daniel, 152. 
Schutz, Benjamin, 132. 
Schulz. John, 113. 
Schuyler, Aaron, 58. 
Schuyler, Adoniah, 129. 
Schuyler, Anthony. 147. 
Schuyler, Arent, 595. 
Schuyler, Bernard C, 276. 
Schuyler, Brandt, 549, 598 ; alderman, 

513. 571. 583. 5S4. 5S8, 589- 
Schuyler, David. 171, 
Schuyler, Dirck. 107. 
Schuyler, Gerrel, 83. 
Schuyler, Harmanus. iii, 203. 



Schuyler, John, 230. 

Schuyler, Myndert, 125. 

Schuyler, Oliver, 594. 

Schuyler, Peter, 129. 

Schuyler, Peter S., member of assem- 
bly, 350. 

Schuyler, Philip, 471, 584, 595. 

Scoderus, Hans, 40. 

Scots traders (pcdlers) in New Nelhcr- 
land, i"4, 8, 28, 32, 33, 35 ; regulated. 
10, 26. 

Scott, David, 196. 

Scott, George, 68. 

Scott, James. 147. 

Scott, John, 85, 109. 

Scott, John Morin, alderman, 522. 

Scott, Joseph, 121. 

Scott, Robert. 125. 

Scott, William, 191. 

Scott, Gen. Winfield, presented with 
the freedom of the city, 422. 

Scudder, Samuel, 247. 

ScuUhorpe, James, 279. 

Scurlock, Thomas, 79. 

Seabring, Barent, 143. 

Seabring, Cornelius, 133. 

Seabring, Cornelius J., 231. 

Seabring, Frederick, 93. 

Seaford, frigate, 493. 

Seagrove, James, 238. 

Seaman, James, 230. 

Seaman, John. 291. 

Seaman, Joseph, 159. 

Searle, James, 107. 

Searle, John, 95. 

Searle, William, 156. 

Sebrach, Clement, 40. 

Secret, John Vernon, 588. 

Seely, John G., councilman, 558. 

Seely, Silvanus, 244. 

.Seez. Johannes. 509, 510. 

Seixas, Benjamin, 225. 

Selenave, John P., 82. 

Sellens, John, 106. 

Sells, William, 151. 

Sellwood, John, 82. 

Selover, James, 202. 

Sennatt, Christopher, 187. 

Serjeant, W^illiam, 196. 

Selon, James, 615. 

Seton, William, 230. 

Severbergh, Christian, i8i. 

Seymour, John, 11 1. 

Seymour, Thomas, 168. 

Shadbolt, Maurice, 74. 

Shaddine, Henry, 159, 

Shaddle, David, 235. 

Shad wick, Israel, 129, 409, 

Shafer, Jacob, 2c6. 

Shaffer, Daniel, 250, 



66; 



Sbakerly.Williim, 73. 






Shute, Isaac, iBg. 




Shan, lohn, 315. 






Shultlewood, William. 63. 




Sharp. John, sg. 






Shweikert, Peter, 193. 




Sharpas, Charles, 87. 






Sibbil. James. 104. 




Sharpas, William, 36 ; city 


clerk, 


450. 


Sibley. John, 95- 




45a, 462, 463, 464. 466. 


471. 


491. 


Sibley, Kicliard, iji. 




49a, 494. S6S. 569. 57i> 


57a. 


S73. 


Siekels, Henry, 308. 213. 




S74. S77. 579, s8l. 5Ha, 


589. 


S90. 


Sickella, Joseph, 140. 




S94, 595. 598, 600. 606, 
6og, 611, 614, &15, 618. 


007. 


608, 


Sickells, Thomas. 116, 134. 








SickeiU, Zachariah, 66. 




Sharpe. Charles, 601. 






Sickles. Charles, 173. 




Sharpe. Jacob, 300. 






Sickles. Daniel, 335. 




Sharpe, Kobert, 819. 






Sickles, James, 170. 




Sharpe, Richard. 171. 

ShBtford, Daniel 12S. 






Sickles, John, 142, 171. 








Sickles, Michael, 173. 




Shaver Henry, IS9. 






Sickles, Zacharias, 148. 




Shaver, John, a^b. 






Sidman, John, 245. 




Shaw, rianiel, 179, 






Sidnam, William, 39. 




Shaw. John. 138. 






Sidney, William, 330. 




Shaw, Tiniotliy, 176. 






Siecken Dirck, 24. 




Sheadder, Alexander. 1B3. 






Silk, Lawrence. 93. 










Sille, Nicassius de. opinion on 
eher right, 8 ; of the connci 


the bnr 


Shearman, Jacob. 119. 170. 
Shearman. William, 83. 






ii, g, 33 






burgomaster, g. 




Sheldon, Isaac. 3zS. 






Simmons, John, 198, 249. 




Shell. Elias 341. 










Shelly. William, igo. 






Simmons, Philip, 333. 




Shepard, Ilenjamin. 378. 






Simmons, Silvanus, 143. 




Shepard, John, 211. 






Simmons, William, 60, 184. 




Shepbard, Thomas. 173. 






Simms, James, 134. 509- 




Sheppard, John, 66. 578, 598. 605, 


,608, 


Simon>on, Hainet, 2S0. 




614.618. 






Simpson, John. 81. 




Sheppard. Maty, 598. 






Simson, Joseph. 146. 




Sherbrookc. Miles, 333. 






Simson, William, 23, 




Sherer, Gilben, J65 






.Sinclair. Robert. 63, 334. 




Sherer. Jonalhan, to;. 
Sherrard, Gepham, 191. 






Singer, James. 185. 








.SingleLon, Thomas, 113. 




Sherrard. Solomon, 188, 






Sipkins. John. 138. 
Silcher. John, 233. 




EhcTTiTd, Thomas. 91, 








Sherrln, Joseph, 332. 
Sherwood. Moses, aoo. 






Silvcitcr JoKti, 305. 








Skiais, Kjiiier 2or, 348. 




Shick John 277. 






Skeai, Siephen, 8a. 




Shipman, William, 21S. 






Skehon, Robert, S4. 573. 576- 




Shipper. Jnsi'h, Jr., 366. 






Skinner, Abraham, 1S4. 




ShireVHc-ity. ai9. 






Skinner. Jonathan, 320. 




Shire, lluiins, 332. 






Skinner. Samuel S., 239. 




Shire, Martin. 198, 221. 






Skip, John 97 






with 


Skr«n ..\no ;o8. 




the freedom of llie city, 163, SI; 




Slater, James. 231. 




Shoe, Andrevf, 345. 






Slaupenill, David, 509. 




Shonerel. frt^detjclt. 3I3. 






Sleght. John H.. 248, 




Shoteham, frigalc. 4;i 






Slidell. John. ig8. 




Shortvav.«n, Jo=ia,. a.g. 






Slidell, Joshua, ti8, aoj. 




Shourt, Jacob, 209, 385. 






Slidell, Ntiiholas, 197.307. 




Shteve, Thomas, 175. 






Slike. Dirtck, 449- 




Shnim, Michael. 337. 






Sloan, Tioiolhy. 157. 






Sloan. William, 346. 




ShuUi. Peter. 347. 






Sloane, .\ndrew, 131. 




Shurmur, John, 130. 






Sloover. Isaac, sg. 193. 




Shutmur, Satnuel, III. 






Sloover. Jacob. 138. 





668 



INDEX. 



Sloss, John, 86. 

Sloughter, (iov. Henry, 50. 

Slow, Thomas, 94. 

Slow, William, 160. 

Smallwood, John, 228. 

Smeeman, Ilarman, 23. 

Smith, Aaron, 122. 

Smith, Arthur, mentioned, 310. 

Smith, Benjamin, 2S0. 

Smith, IJernardus, 72, 223. 

Smith, Charles, 509. 

Smith, David C, 119. 

Smith, Doctor, mentioned. 335. 

Smith, Elias, 218. 

Smith, Cieorge, 80. 

Smith, <ierret, 273. 

Smith, Gilbert, 183. 

Smith. Henry, 166 ; alderman, 43a, 

433. 
Smith, Jacob, 201. 

.Smith, James, 273 ; mentioned, 307. 

Smith, Jeplhah, 119. 

.Smith, John, 87. 96, 104, 130, 144, 146, 

152, 171, 195, 198, 269, 279. 
.Smith, J«)hn Samuel, 131. 
.Smith, John \V., 226. 
.Smith, Joseph, 47, 162,278. 
Smith, Joshua Hett, 230. 
Smith, JoNiah, 131. 
Smith, Lawrence, 92. 
.Smith, Lewis, 295. 
.Smith, Michael, 173. 
Smith, Moni-. 279. 
Smith, Nathaniel, (jO. 
.Smith. Obadiah, 73. 
Smith, Patrick , 135. 
Smith, Teler. 137, 246. 
Smith, Philij). 145. 
Smith, Richard, 145, 2S6. 
Smith, Robert, 269. 
Smith, Roger, 229. 

.Smith, Samuel, 224 ; mentioned, 335. 
Smith, Simon, i()9, 595. 
Smith, Tiiomas, 5S, 94, 99 ; mentioned, 

309. 
Smith. Thomas R., alderman, 401. 
Smith, Willi.im, 70, 79, loi, 199, 283, 

Smith, William, presented with the free- 
dom (jf the city, 116, 4S3. 
Smi:hram, Amhony, ick;. 
Smoiit, J.icul), 157. 
Snow, Janu-s, 2^2. 
Snowdcn. S.iinucl. loS. 
SnDwdoii, ( icorije, 293. 
Snyder, Ileiidrick, 170. 
Snyder, Jacnl)u> P., 133. 
Snyder, Jolm. 251. 
Snyder, Pclcr. 246. 
.Snyder, .Simon, 23S. 



Snyder, William, 250. 

.Soaper, Philip, 116. 

Solby, Obadiah, 58. 

Solebay, frigate, 483. 

Solgard, Capt. Peter, presented wi 

freedom of the city, 103, 472. 
.Somerdyck, Egbert, 141. 
.Somerdyck, Teunis, 141, 176, 20 
Somerenduyck, Isaac, 185. 
Somerendyck, Richard, 203. 
Somerindyck, John, 205. 
.Somersdyke, Jacob, 140. 
.Somerset, Mitchell, 104. 
Sooy, Joost, 103. 
Soselje, Frans, 22. 
Soullice, Joshua, 86, 614. 
Souliice, Joseph, 578. 
Soumain, .Simeon, 449. 
.Spack, Jonas, 184. 
Sparham, Dr. Thomas, 164. 
Sparlen, George, 246. 
.Speeder, James, 168. 
.Speere, Bareni, 206. 
Sperry, Jacob, 229. 
Spencer, Ambrose, mentioned, 3. 
Spencer, James, 119, 581. 
Spier, Albertus, 190. 
Spies, John, 2S0. 
Spiringh, Andries Jeremias, 25. 
Splinter, Abraham, 66, 578, 615. 
.Spoor, William. 50*^. 
.Sj)ragg, Edward, 86. 
.Sprague, Gideon, 243. 
.Spraigncr, Charles, 13S. 
Spranger, Henry, 222. 
Springall, (iregory, 22S. 
Springsteen, Melgeri Casparus. 4. 
.Sprung, Gabriel, 143. 
.Spurling, James, 91. 
Squier, Jonathan, 86. 
Siaats, Hartholomew, 242. 
Staats, Harmanus, 242. 
Staats, Samuel, 54. 
Staats, Thomas, 241. 
.Staff, John, 95. 
Stagg, Lsaac, 152, 271. 
Stagg, James, 174. 
^^•'^riK. John, 201;, 210. 
Stagg, Nicholas, 181. 
.Stagg, Thomas, 230. 
Stagg, William, 169. 
.Stairer. Joseph, 227. 
Sialey, William, 80. 
Stanton, Henry, 167, 189. 280. 
Stansbury, Daniel, 279. 
Staple, John Jacob, 227. 
.Staple, William, 230. 
Staples, John, S8. 
Statham, Thomas, 87. 
.Steel, John, 150. 



INDEX. 



669 



Steel, Peter, gi. 

Steel, Ralph, 161. 

Steele, William Snow, 235. 

Steenwyck, Cornells, 19, 29 ; mayor, 

47. 
Steinbrach, Icabod, 251. 

Stelle, Ambrose, 614. 

Stelle, Gabriel, 614. 

Stelle, John, 91. 

Stelle. Poncet, 167, 614. 

Steuben, Baron, presented with the free- 
dom of the city, 251, 261-3 I ^*s reply 
to the address, 264. 

Stephens, John, 617. 

Stephens, Richard N., 234. 

Stephens, Samuel, alderman, 405, 406, 
407. 

Stevens, Benjamin C, 368. 

Stevens, Ebenezer, alderman, 313, 316, 

317. 
Stevens, (ieorge, 115. 

Stevens, James, 164. 

Stevens, John, 60, 88, 113, 129, 133, 

210, 597, 619. 
Stevens, Richard, 597. 
Stevenson, Enoch, 112. 
Stevenson, Thomas, 237. 
Steward, Alexander, 231. 
Steward, James, 229, 230, 
Steward, John. 131. 
Steward, Lewis, 188. 
Steward, Richard, 79. 
Steward, Thomas, 79, 220. 
Steward, Walter, 191. 
Stewart, Alexander, 145. 
Stewart, Capt. Charles, presented with 

the freedom of the city, 400-404. 
Stewart, James, 183. 
Sticklin, John. 207. 
Stiles, Daniel, 174. 
Stiles, Henry, 250. 
Stiles, James, 230. 
Siiles, Dr. John, 225. 
Siilwell, Elias, 228. 
Stilwell, John, 245, 
Stilwell, Nicholas, 174. 
Stilwell, Dr. Richard, 167. 
Stilwell, Thomas, 180, 236. 
Slitt, James, 248. 
Sloaks, William, 79. 
Stock, William, 95. 
Stockholm, Aaron, 159. 
Stoffalzen, Jacob, 24. 
Stokes, Margaret, 590. 
Stokes, Richard, 590. 
Stone, Jeremiah, 281. 
Stonebeek, Anthony, 210. 
Storm, Abraham, 191, 282. 
Storm, Jacob, 247. 
Storm, John, 192. 



StoufTer, Captain, mentioned, 428. 

Stout, Amerancey, 616. 

Stout, Benjamin, 145, 219. 

Stout, Harman, 102. 

Stout, John, 96, 145, 237, 616. 

Stoutenburgh, Isaac, 170, 199 ; alder- 
man, 504. 

Stoutenburgh, Jacob, 122. 

Stoutenburgh, John, 126. 

Stoutenburgh, Lucas, 99. 

Stoutenburgh, Peter, 23, 127. 

Stoutenburgh, Tobias, 70, 118, 204. 

Stow, Thomas, 92. 

Streing, Daniel, 86, 605, 609. 

Stringham, Capt. Silas H., mentioned, 
418. 

Struddle, Gabriel Thomf>son, 584. 

Struddle, Gerrett, 584. 

Strycker, Jacob, 29. 

Strycker, Jacob Gerritsen, 19. 

Stryker, Jacobus, 186. 

Stuart, James, 290. 

Stuckey, Andrew, 85. 

Stuyvesant, Gerrardus, alderman, 115, 
483, 487, 503. 

Siuyvesant, Nicholas, 163. 

Stuyvest, Peter, director general, com- 
plains of peddlers, i : regulates trade, 
2 ; grants a burgher right to the city, 
5, 8, 9 ; explains the grant, 14, 29, 
35 ; a great burgher, 19. 

Stymets, Adrian, 231. 

Stymets, Benjamin, 199. 

Stymets, Casper, 20, 51. 

Stymets, Christopher, 144, 201. 

Stymets, Jacob, 176. 

Stymets, Jasper, 205, 214, 539. 

Stymets, John, 167. 

Stymets, Peter, 187. 

Suerts, Olphert, 62. 

Sullivan, Charles, 177. 

.Sullivan, Daniel, 603. 

Sullivan, Dennis, 181. 

Sullivan, John, 185, 213. 

Sullivan, Nathaniel, 180. 

Susso, Gabriel, 573. 

Susso, Stephen, 573. 

Sutherland, Angus, 249. 

Sutton, Thomas, 585. 

Sutton, William, 233. 

Suydam, Ilendrick, 161. 

Swaen, Jonas, 93. 

Swan, Jacob, 580. 

Swan, Richard, 127. 

Swartwout, Abraham, 190. 

Swartwout, Berardus, 185. 

Swartwout, John, mentioned, 334, 335. 

Swartwout, Thomas, 186. 

Sweedland, Christopher, 233. 

Sweeny, Thomas, 60. 



670 

Sweverdii, Carl, 193. 
Swift, Henry, 84. 454. 6l9- 
Kwinney. Anne, 619. 
Sybrandt, John, ill. 
Sydenham, Ann, 60, 
Sylvester, Ephraim, loS, 
Sylvester, Francis, 95. 
Symentz, Johannes, lo3. 
Syines, John, iia. 
Symes. Lancaster, 76, 131. 
Symkam, Peter. 67, 6S. 



Teller, Jan 



i, aSa. 



1, Clae 



617. 



Teller, Oliver, alderman, 471. 
Teller, William, 204. 
TVbow, Lake, 346. 
Terhuiie, John, 365. 
Terhune, Stephen, 223, 
Teunissen, Jacob, ij. 
Teuniien, Jacoii, 23, 
Teuniien, Joost, 30. 
Tharp, Cornelius, ijo. 



Thau 



:. I'el 



■. 7S- 



Talbot, Geoi^e, 95. 
Talbot, Kichard, lot. 
Tallman, l)o«, 280. 
Tanner, John, 81. 13! 
Tttrgee, James, 280, 
Tai^ee, John, 85, loi 
Tatpy, Thomas, gi. 



Tarn 



'. 493- 



Tayler.John. 

Taylor, Henjamin. 83. 

Taylor, Charles, 1 14. 

Taylor, Ebeneier, 170. 

T.iylor, Edniond, 131. 

Taylor, Henry, 83. 178. 

Taylor, Jane, 64. 

Taylor, John, Oi. io3, 109, ; 

Taylor, Mailhew, 53, 

Taylor. Moses, r37. 204. 



Theobald, John, 55, 87. 
ThilHiu, Gabriel, 83. 
Thibou. Isaac. 87. 
Thibou, Lewis, 205. 
Thistle, Samuel, a.|,| 
Thockoway, Richard, 104. 
Thodey, Francis, 198. 
Thodcy, Michael, 119,305. 
Thomas, Benjamin, 113. 
Thomax, Edmund, 58, 60. 
Thomas, Henry, 231. 



Thon 
Thon 



LS. Ion 



. 59'. 59"- 

:, 616 



Taylor 



197. 



Taylor, Thomas, 40, 

Taylor, Wiitell, 195. 

Taylor, William, 96, 150, 180, 197. 

Taylor, tien. Zacharj'. presented with 

itic rteeiJom of ilic cily, 4x2. 
- • , Danii' 



Tea 



li, I'el 






Teene, Isaac. 21. 




Templ'eton, Olive 




Ten llroeck. Andi 




Ten Itrotek. lien 


drick, 68. 


Ten Itroeck. Hen 


ty