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Full text of "Burt's Polish-English dictionary in two parts: Polish-English, English-Polish by W. Kierst and O. Callier. Burt's Sowniczek polskiego i angielskiego jezyka"

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BURTS 
Polish-English Dictionary 

IN TWO PARTS 

POLISH-ENGLISH ENGLISH-POLISH 

BY 

W. Kierst and Prof. O. Callier 

BURTS 

SLOWNICZEK 

Polskiego I Angielskiego Jezyka 

UHOZYLI 

W. Kierst i Prof. O. Callier 
D"WIE CZESCI W JEDNYM TOMIE 

CZESC PIERWSZA: POLSKO-ANGIELSKA 
CZESC DRUGA: ANGIELSKO - POLSKA 



W KA^DYM POLSKIM DOMU ZNALE2C SIg 
^ _ WINIEN DZIENNIK POLSKi 

^ ^ NOWY SWIAT 

TO PI5DZ ZIEMI POLSKIEJ — PROMIEN DUCHA POL- 
SKIEGO — WIERNE ZV/IERCIADLO WYCHODZTWA — 
PISMO POSWIECONE NAUCE I ROZRYWCE — DLA CALEJ 
RODZINY — DLA WSZYSTKICH WARSTW — BEZ ROZ- 
NICY PRZEKONAN I MIEJSCA ZAMIESZKANIA. 



.■% 



^ Wiadomosci telegraficzne z Warszawy. 

^^JCorespondencje z calego swiata. — Wiesci 

o wychodztwfe. — Kroniki lokalne. — 

Artykuly popularno-naukowe — to swiezy 

i zdrowy pokarm duchowy. 

• 

^^^ ZAMOWCIE SOBIE DZISIAJ 

j/ — napiszcie po egzemplarz okazowy, adresuj^c: 

7^3 NOWY SWIAT 

380 — 2 Avenue, 

NEW YORK, N. Y. 

POLISH-AMERICANS IN THE EAST 
depend on the news and react to opinions of the 

NOWY iWIAT 

PUBLISHED DAILY AND SUNDAY— A. B. C. CIRCULATION 

380 — 2 Avenue, 

NEW YORK, N. Y. 



FIRST PART 
Polish-Fngflisfe 



Abbreviations; Obja^nienie skrdoea. 



a 


= acij^'^tive, przymiotnik. 


obs. 


^ 


«p 


_= adveriy przystowek. 






agr. 


'r= 'agriculture, rolnictwo. 


om. 


= 


anat. 


= anatomy , anatomia. 


pi. 


= 


crch. 


= architectwrt f budowni- 


■P&PP 


= 




ctwo. 


PX&prt. 


aryt. 


= arithmetic, arytmetyka. 






astr. 


= astronomy, astronomia. 


2?m 


= 


hot. 


= hotany, botanika. 


prp 


=> 


c 


= conjunction, spojnik. 


prs' 


r= 


cTiem. 


= chemistry, chemia. 






chir. 


= surgery, chirurgia. 


roil. 


=s 


; 'i 


r (Sf ) ST feminine substantive, 


«. 


= 




rzeczownik rotizaju 


sg. 


=: 




zenskiego. 






eomp. 


s= comparafiue,stopien wyz- 

szy. 
= familiar, wyraz poufaly. 


superl 


.= 


fam 


te. 


= 


fig- 


= figuratively, przenosnie. 




= 


fiz. 


= physics, fizyka. 


= 


fort. 


= fortification,fQTtyGk9.cja. 






§eol. 


= geology, geologia. 


van 


= 


gr. & 


gram. — grammar, gramatyka. 






i 


= interjection, wykrzyknik. 






jur. 


= law, prawnictwo. 


VOi 


= 


kuch. 


= cookery, kucharstwo. 






heral 


= heraldry, heraldyka. 


vd. 


= 


»n tn TT 


(^ "7) = masculine substan- 








tive, rzeczownik ro- 


ViP^ 


= 




dzaju m^zkiego. 






mal. 


= painting, malarstwo. 


vn 

• 


= 


•mar. 


= marine, marynarka. 






mat. 


= mathematic$,m8Lt^ma.tj'ka,. 


VTH 
t 1 


=: 


med. 


= medicine, medycyna. 






mil. 


= military, wojskowosc. 






mi)i. 


= mining, gornictwo. 


VT 


= 


muz. 


= music, muzyka. 






myil. 


= hunting, mysliwstwo. 


vulg 


.=r 


myt. & mit. — mythology, mytologia. 






T» -n I! _ 


: neuter substantive.TzeczoyfUik 
rodzaju nijakiego. 


wet. 


"= 


up 


= for instance, na przyktad. 


eo. 


= 


vum. 


= number, liczbsu 







obsoUtey przedawnlony 

wyraz. 

ornithology, ornitologia. 

plural, liczba mnog^ 

participle, imiesl'6'vii. 

= imperfect (preteriiumj\ 

czas przeszly. 
pronoun, zaimek. 
preposition, przyiniek. 
present tense f czaS tera* 
zniejszy. 

botany, rosllnnictwo. 
substantive, rzec^ownikl 
ainguiar, liczba pojedyn-^ 
cza. 

mperlativCf stopiad naj- 
wyzszy. 
theatre, teatr. 
typography, typografia. 
verb active ftranHHveJ^ 
sJowo przechodnie. 
verb active & neuter, slo- 
wo czyzme i nieprzecho* 
dnie. 

verb active irregular, sfo- 
wo czynne niereguiame; 
defective verbf &l:owo uJch 
mne. 

verb impersonal f .8]:(»wa 
nieosobiste. 

verb neuter (intransUioeJ, 
stowo nieprzechodnie. 
verb neuter irregular, sfo- 
wo nieprzechodnie nie- 
reguiame. 

verb reflective , sfowo 
zwrotne. 

vulgar word, wjTSkZ po- 
spolity. 

veterinary aciencef wete- 
rynarya. 
zoology, zoologia. 



Polish— English 



A. 

It f and; but. 

abdyllkacja ^, abdication. -*»ko- 

wac '"^7 to abdicate, 
abecadio "? alphabet. *wy f al- 

phabetic(al). [subscriber, 

abonllament '^ subscription.*.ent "^ 

absolucya ^, vid. rozgrzeszenie. 

absolutllny " absolute, unlimited; 
arbitrary; positive.' -.yzm '^ ab- 
solutism. 

aby f tbat, in order that ; in or- 
ach*, ah! alas! [der to. 

acz, *kolwiek f although. 

adamaszek "^ damask (stuff), 

adept "y adept. 

adjutant "^ aid-de-camp, adjutant. 

adminilistracya ^t administration, 
direction, management, •-stra- 
cyjny " administrative, •-stra- 
tor , administrator, manager, 
trustee, -strowac ""f to admi- 
nister, manage. 

admiralll " admiral ; fzo.J a'dmi- 
ral (a species of butterfly. *.li- 
cya ^, navy-office. ^Istwo ^ ad- 
miralty, admiralship. 

adoptowac ^'f to adopt. 

adorator, vid. wielhiciel. 

adres "^ address, •-at '^ addressee. 



-owac 



to address , direct. 



•-OWy f przetvodnik -~, directory 
adwent IJ Advent, --owy, ad- 
ventual, of Advent, 
adwokallcki *f of lawyers, lawyer's; 
•Ctwo 7 -"tura \ bar, advoca- 
teship, advocacy, •-t ^ adTOcate, 
Czf^d poUko-angieUka. r 



barrister, lawyer, •.towac *T 
^homuy to advocate for one, plead 
in favour of. 

afekt^ affection, passion. -%.acya^, 
vid. przesada. «wOwaiiy " vid. 
przesadny. 

afisz '^ playbill, advertisement, 

afront ^5 insult, affront; zroJ>i6 
komu ^, to affront, insult one. 

agat '^ (min.) agate. 

agencya^, agency. _ 

agent, ajent ^^ agent, factor ?! 

agitllacya*i ^ciaia; exercise ; agi- 
tation, commotion. <«ator '^ agi' 

agrest " gooseberry. [tator, 

agronom "^ agriculturist, -.ia ^, 

ai *, oh! dear me! [agronomy. 

akacya^, (hot.) acacia. 

akademllia \ academy. *.icki ? 
academical. *.ik^ academician, 
academist; student, (w Anglii) 
icollegian. 

akcent ^ accent; accentuation. 
««»0wa6 ""^ to accentuate, accent, 
-'OWanie ^ accentuation. 

akceptilacya ^, acceptance, -o- 
wac ^" to accept 

akcylla ^, action, activity; (w dra- 
macie} action ; action, fight ; share 
(bank.).»-onaryTi8z'^ shareholder, 
stockholder, actionary. 

akcyzlla *". excise. -. nik TJ , ex- 
ciseman, [company. 

akompaniowac ""^ (mm.) to ac- 

akord '^ (mm.) accord; agree- 
ment, contract; na akord, by job. 

aksamit "7 velvet, -ka *", velvet- 
collaAi •ny ? velvet, velvety. 
1 



2 



akt 



atfll act, action; fte.J axit; do- 
cument, deed, roll. A'a pi., re- 
cords pl,f archives pi. •-or™ 
actor, stageplayer; (jurj plain- 
tiflf. ^'Orkas actress. <^orski f 
histrionic(al), theatric(al). > 

aktnalllny f actual, real, ^-rynsz ^ 
actuary, clerk. 

aktywa pL, (jur.) assets pi. 

akuratllnosc ^, accuracy, exact- 
ness. -»iiy ? accurate, exact, 
strict. [acoustic. 

akustyllka^, acoustics i?i. -^czny^ 

akuszer ™ accoucheur. *.ka ^, 
midwife, obstetrician, ••ski ^ 
obstetric(al). •-stwo" midwifery, 
obstetrics. [alabastrian. 

alabastller ^J. alabastqr.. -»rowy " 

alarm ^, alarm, disturbance. *.o- 
wac ^f to alarm, disturb ; sound 
an alarm. 

alba ^, alb, surplice. 

albo ? or, else ; albo . . . alho^ either 
... Or ; albo co ? what then ? 

albowiem ? because, since. 

ale ? but; «! ale\ oh, yes! yes, 

alea^, alley, avenue. [indeed! 

alegorylla ^, allegory, ^-jnosc ^, 
allegoricalness. -»czny " alle- 
gorical 

alfabet "IJ alphabet, -.yczny ^ 
alphabetical. [gebraical. 

algebra <", algebra, -iczny " al- 

alisci *, Cto pismiQ swietemj, lo! 
behold! 

aljans ^ vt<I. przymier^e. 

alkaliczny " (chem.J alkaline. 

allderz ^ alcove. 

alkohol '^ alcohol. *iczny ^ al- 
coholic. 

alluzya^, allusion, hint. 

aloes '^ Cbot.) aloe, •^owy ? aloe- 

alpejski " alpine. [tical. 

alt "^ (muz.) counter-tenor, alto. 

altana^, arbour, bower. 

altematywa ^, alternative. 

altowka^, viol. 

alun ^ alum. 

amalgamat *? amalgam. 

.amanf^ lover, sweet-heart. 



ansa 

amarant *^ ^6o<.y amaranth. Mh 
wy " amaranthine. 

amator ^ amateur, fancier. 

amazonka^t Amazon, virago; fast 
young lady; lady's riding dress. 

ambaras "? embarrassement, trou- 
ble, perplexity, -wowac ^? to 
embarrass, trouble, perplex. 

ambasaOda ^, embassy, ^-dor '^ 
ambassador. 

ambiilcya ^, ambition, •.tny ? 

ambona ^, pulpit, [ambitious, 

ambra ^^ amber. 

ambrozya ^, ambrosia. 

amen, amen; jak ~ w pacierffuj 
most certainly, without doubt. 

ametyst"^ amethyst. 

amfiteatr"^ amphitheatre. 

amnestya^, amnesty 

amoniak "i ammoniac. 

amorek'y Cupid. 

ampnika^, (mass) cruet. 

amulet ",' amulet. 

amumllcya ^, ammunition, '^cyj- 
ny ^ fmilj w6z ^ ~, ammunition- 
cart, [analysis. 

analilltyczny f analytic, -za <; 

analogilia^, analogy, conformity, 
--iczny ^ analogic(al). _ 

ananas "1? ( lot.)- pineapple. 

anarchliia ^, anarchy, --iczny f 
anarchic(al). -vista "5 anarciiist, 
anarch. 

anatomia ^, anatomy. 

androny pi., idle talk. 

andrut "^ wafer. 

anegdollta *", anecdote. *.tyczny ? 
anecdotal, anecdotic(al). 

anglizowac ^^ to anglicize; ~ ko- 
nia, to dock a horse's tail. 

ani f not even; neither, nor; ani 
jeden ani drugi, neither. 

anielski " angelic(al). 

animusz "^ courage, heart. 

anict ",' angel ; ~ stroz, guardian 
angel. 

anizeli f than, rather than. 

ankra ^, crampon. 

anonim ^ anonymous writer.^ 

ansa *", rancour' 



antaba 

ajltaT)a^, handle; ear, loop ^of a 

jar etc.). 

antatek ^ barrel, cask. 

antenat "^ ancestor, forefather. 

antrepreneFt vid, przcdsiebiorca. 

antrepryza, vid. przedsiphiorstwo. 

antropologia ^, anthropology. 

antyk "^ antique; old-fashioned 
thing. -»warz , -warynsz ^, an- 
tiquary, antiquarian. 

antylopa ^, CzoJ antilope. 

antymon ^ (chem.) antimony. 

antypatya ^, antipathy, aversion. 

anyz '^ anise. *,ek ^ --dwka ^, 

aparat "^ apparatus. [anisette. 

apartament "^ apartment, room. 

apel "^ call, call-roll. 

apelacylla *", appeal, -^jny " of 
appeal; *ad-yy, Court of Appeal. 
i*Owac "^t? to appeal. [nice. 

apetyczny ? tasty, appetising, 

apetyt '^ appetite; dobrego •.n, I 
wish you a good appetite. 

aplikllant '^ applicant, candidate. 
<*OWaC ^^ vid. stosowac. *. «». si§, 
^cio czegoj, to apply oneself (to), 
study. 

apodvktyczny f apodictical. 

apopleksya ^, apoplexy. 

apostallta '^ apostate, •.zya ^, apo- 
stasy; desertion. 

apostlldf^ apostle, -oiowac ""^ 
to propagate religion, apostolise. 
««olski ^ apostolical; stolica •.ol- 
ska, the Holy See. -.olstwo "I 
apostleship. 

apostrof ^, (gram.) apostrophe. 
•a ^, (w retoryce) apostrophe. 

aprobli'ata ^. approbation , appro- 
val. -.Qwac '^f to approve. 

apteliczny, '►karsM ? pharma- 
ceutic(al). 

apteka^t chemist's shop, apothe- 
cary's shop. -»rz 1? dispensing 
chemist, pharmaceutical chemist. 

arabesk "IJ arabesque, Moresque. 

arak ™ arrack. 

arbiter "^ arbitrator, arbiter. 

arbitralnliie "p arbitrarily. -,osc *i 
arbitrariness, ^.y f arbitrary. 



onicznyf 

^, archi- 



artylerzysta 3 

arbuz *^ water-melon. 
archanillelsM f archarigelic. -ol: "^ 

archangel. 
arcMtekf^ architect, 

architoctonic(al). -.ura 

tecture, architectonic. \pl. 

arcMwum 'J archives pi., records 
arcy "p fuzywa sip w ziozonych wy- 

razachj chief, principal; arrant; 

arch . . . -^biskup "^ archbishop. 

-"bisknpstwo " archbishopric. 

-dzieio 'J masterpiece.-»,kapian'? 

high - priest , arch - presbyter. 

•-ksiaJg ™ archduke. *>totr "^ 

arrant- knave, 
ar^djla, vid. dzierzawa. -^arz '^ 

holder of a country-inn. *,o- 

wac ""f to take on lease, have 

on lease, 
areszt "IJ arrest. -*.ant "IJ prisoner. 

•'Cwac '^f to arrest, take into 

custody. 
arflla ^, (muz.) harp; winnowing 

sieve, -.iarka^, (female) harper. 

-»iarz '^ harper. 
argument '^^ argument, proof, 
argusowlly ? oc2?/ ..e, Argus-eyo 
arka^, ark. (jpl. 

arkada<; arcade, 
arktyczny ? arctic, -hyperborean, 
arkusz "^ (papieru) sheet. -.Qwy? 

Co ksiazce we formie ^owej) fo- 
lio; too long, 
armatlla ^, cannon, gun. *-ni ^ 

of a cannon ,. cannon . . . j fcuZa 

-'Ilia, cannon-ball, 
armia ^, army, 
aromat "^ aroma, fragrance, -y- 

czny " aromatic, 
arsenal "IJ arsenal, 
arszenik^ arsenic, 
arterya, vid. tptnica. 
arteryjsklli ^ '•-a studniaf artesian 
artykut ^ article. [well, 

artylellrya ^, artillery, cannon, 

ordnance; — konna, horse-artil- 
lery; *-• polna, field-artillery: 

•-rzysta ^ gunner, artillery-mao. 



4 artysta 

artysta *^ artist (painter etc.). 

arya*", song, air. 

arystokrallcya ^, aristocracy. *ta™ 
aristocrat, -tyczr.ie <^? aristo- 
cratically. *.tyczny ? aristocra- 
tic(al). 

arytmetyka ^, arithmetic. 

as "' ace (at cards). 

aseknrllacya ^, insurance, -.acyj- 
ny " insurance . . ; towarzyshco 
•'acyjne , insurance - company. 
••owac ^f to insure. j 

asesor ™ assessor, judge lateral. 

aspirl.ant ^ aspirant, competiter. 
-owac ^?' to aspire, pant after. 

astrolog"^ astrologer, ^-ia^, astro- 
logy. 

astxonom "^ astronomer. *.ia ^, 
astronomy. [ment. 

asygnacya ^, assignation, assign- 

asystllencya ^, attendance, train, 
•.ent'" attendant, assistant. /*-o- 
wac "^f to attend, accompany. 

atak ™ attack , charge , assault. 
•'OWac ^^ to attack, assault. 

ataman ^ ataman (commander 
in chief of the Cossacks). 

ateusz "^ atheist. 

atlas '^ atlas, 

atlas "^ satin, -owy ? satin-like, 

atleta '^ athlete. [satin . . . 

atmosfelira *", atmosphere, -^ry- 
czny f atmospheric(al).' 

atoli f yet, however, nevertheless. 

atom '^ atom. 

atrakcya^, attraction. 

atramenf^ ink. 

audyencya^, audience. 

audytorium " auditorium; audi- 
tory, audience. 

autentylicznosc ^, authenticity. 
*czny " authentic. 

autor '^ author, writer. *,ka ^, 
authoress, -•-ski " of an author, 
literary, -stwo ^ authorship. 

awans ™ advancement, promo- 
tion. '»owac ^f to advance, 
promote, pay in advance. 

awanturlla *i adventure, -.nica^, 
adventuress, -vniczy f adven- 



badanie 

turous. '•nik '^ adventurer, •-o- 
wac si§, to go in search of ad- 

az f till, until. [ventures. 

az do, a4 na -^^ as far as , up 
to, till, until. 

azeby f that, in order that, in 

azyo ^ agio. [order to. 



ba <*^ & *, yes, indeed ! certainly not ! 
baba ^, old woman ; coward ; a kind 

of cake, baba; a kind of pear; 

rammer. 
babel ™ (figJ confusion; icieia 

Bahel, Tower of Babel. 
babel ^ bubble ; blister, vesicle, 

small tumour; soap-bubble. 
babi " old-womanish, anile. 
babka^, grandmother; ^&o«.;plan- 

tain; ciuciu ~, blind man's-bufF. 



babrac 



sie , to dabble, 



flounder about. 

babsk|!i^old-womanish,womanish. 
*.0 " ugly old woman, crone. 

babullnia, •'Sia ^, dear grand- 
mother. 

bac sie ^f to fear, be afraid, dread. 

iaachahtka *", Bacchante; femalo 
reveller. 

bach6r '^ Jew's child (so called in 
contempt); obstinate child. 

bacik"^ little boat; small whip: 

baczijenie^ attention, heed, cau- 
tion, care; c?aM;ac -*. ^, to heed, 
give heed, -.nie <^p attentively, 
heedfully , carefully. -^nosc ^ 

* heedfulness, watchfulness; bacz- 
nosc! do your duty! take care! 
miec sip na ^.nosci, to be on one's 
guard, ^-ny ? heedful, attentive, 
careful, ^yc """ to heed, observe, 
regard with care. 

badallc ^?^ to inquire, investigate, 
examine, make careful research. 
-vCz"^ investigator, inquirer, exa- 
miner, -.nie V inquiry, research, 
investigation, examination ; judi- 



badawczy 

cial inquiry, trial, -wczy f exa- 
mining, inquisitive. 

badyl '^ stalk, stem. 

bagatellla ^\ trifle, small matter, 
-ny " trifling. 

bagaz "; baggage, luggage. 

"bagnet '^ bayonet. 

"bagnisllko "J marsh, swamp, bog. 
-^ty " marshy, swampy, boggy. 

bagno ^ marsh, swamp; Cbot.J 
privet. 

baja ^, (materya) baize. 

bajllac ^" to tell silly stories, 
chatter, prattle, •-acz , •-arz "^ 
teller of idle stories. 

bajeczjlka ^, nursery-tale. a>iios6 *i 
fabulousness, •-ny f fabulous. 

bajklla*", fable; nursery- tale, -.o- 
pis '^ fabulist. 

bak '^ (orn.) bittern ; (owadj horse- 
fly, ox-fly; /^za6att"fca>/ top, whirl- 
gig; zhijac *.i, to be idle, trifle 
away the time; strzelic «*a, to 
make a blunder, -i-ac ^V' to speak 
indistinctly. [master. 

bakaiarz "^ abecedarian , school- 

baki pi., - komu iwiecic^ to bow 
and scrape. 

bakier "^^ na ^ czapT<f nosic, to wear 
the cap on one side awry. 

bal "^ a large piece of timber, 
beam. 

bal "^ ball (entertainment). 

baiamullcic ^" to wheedle, try to 
seduce; talk idly; trifle away 
the time. •.ctwo. "I entanglement, 
confusion ; idle talk, ••t '^ •tka ^, 
wheedler, seducer. 

balansowac ^? to equilibrate, 
keep in equipoise. 

balasf; ballast. 

baldallch, •cbim"^ canopy. 

baldal'szek ^ (hot.) umbel. 
•'BZkowaty " umbelliferous. 

baldryan "IJ ('botj valerian. 

balet ™ ballet, --nik "^ ballet- 

balia ^, washing-tub. [dancer. 

balkon " balcony. 

balon '^ balloon. 

balowilac ^f to yisit dauciQ^ en- 



barbarzynski 



tertainments : lead a merry life. 
--y ^ stroj -,y, ball-dress. 

balsam '^ balm, balsam, •-iczny ? 
balmy, aromatic, •.owac ^? to 
embalm. •'Owy ^ balsamic. 

balrwan "^ idol; (morskij wave, 
billow ; blockhead ; loggerhead. 
-xOWaty ^ awkward, clumsy. 

balwierz, vid. cyruUk. 

bahvochwalllca "^ idolater. -*czy ? 
idolatrous, -.stwo " idolatry. 

bambus "^ n>ot.j bamboo. 

banda^, gang, troop. 

banderlla ^, flag, banner. *.ola^, 
banneret, pennon. 

bandelet "^ sword-belt. 

bandos "^ hired reaper, harvester. 

bandullra ^, mandola. -rzysta " 
mandolinist. [highwayman, 

bandyllcki ^ bandit, -ta*^ bandit, 

bania *", large big-bellied bottle; 
fbot.J gourd; dome, cupola; va- 
pour-bath. *»luki pL, stuff and 
nonsense, -.sty " bigg-bellied. 

banillcya ^, banishment, pro- 
scription, -.t ^ outlaw, exile. 

bank 'J bank, banking-house. 

banka^, phial, vial; cupping-glas; 
bubble. 

bankier"^ banker, •.stwo "J bank- 
ing-business. 

bankiet 'J banquet, •owac ^ to 
banquet, feast. 

bankllnot '^ bank-note, bank-bill, 
-owy ^ of a bank, bank . . . 

bankrullctwo ^ bankruptcy, -t ^J 
bankrupt. •»tOWac ^V" to become 
a bankrupt. 

baran ^ fzoj ram ; battering ram ; 
rammer; wziad Jcogo na --a, to 
take one upon the back, -ek '^ 
lamb ; lamb's skin ; fu czapkij gar- 
nishu^ent with lamb's skin; -*ek 
Bozy, Agnus Dei. 

barani " of a ram, sheep's; m.e 
futro, sheepskin fur. -na ^ 
mutton. 

baraszkowad ^ to faddle, sport. 

barbarzyllniec ^ barbarian; ty- 
rant, ^nski f barbarous, bar- 



G barbarzyilstwo 

baric ; cmeL ^-nstwo "J barbarity, 

cruelty. 

bare *", bee-hive built in a tree, 
barclian "^ fustian. 
barczystllosc ^, breadtb of the 

shoulders, -.y^ broad-shouldered, 
bard "^ bard, 
barka^, bark, barque, 
barki pi., shoulders pi. 
barkowy <^? shouldered, (anat) 

humeral. [to litter. 

barllidg "", filth, litter. *ozyc "'^ 
barometr "^ barometer, 
baron ™ baron, -^owa ^, baroness. 
barszcz "^ sour Polish soup, 
bartek ^ unmannerly, rude man. 
bartnik ^ apiarist; clown, lubber; 

(zo.j common bear. 
barwila ^» colour; livery; (iigj 

pretence, pretext. -,ic ^^ to co- 
lour, dj^e; lay on rouge, paint, 
barwiczka *", paint, rouge. ( \ 
barwinek ™ (lotj periwinkle, 
barwlsty f coloured; (o sukniej 

woolly. 

barwny f many-coloured. 
barytlla, --ka, small cask, barrel; 

CfigJ paunchy person. 
baryton '^ barytone. 
bas "^ (muz.) bass, bass -voice. 

•-y pi., bass-viol; dac korau ^y, 

to cudgel one. 
basalyk'^ plump awkward fellow. 

•"Owaty " plump, awkward, 
basetllla *", bass-vioL -.ista "^ 

violoncellist. 
basista '^ bass-singer. 
basn ^, fable, fiction; story, fib. 
basowac "^'^ to flatter, api.'aud. 
basowy f bass, 
basta *, enough! stop I 
bastard "^ bastard, 
bastyon, (fort. J vid. narozni'k.\ 
basy pi., vid. bas. 
basza "^ pasha. 

baszta^, watch-tower, bastion. 
bat ^ whip, lash; dostac •-y, to 



bo cudgelled. «- 
batalia vid. hitwa. 
batalion "^ battalion. 



boat. 



bekas 

baterya ^, battery. 

batollg '" whip, --zyc ^? to cudgel. 

baweinlla *", cotton. -^iany f 
cotton. 

bawillalnia^, drawing-room, par- 
lour. *.c ^?' to amuse, entertain, 
divert; stay. m,c si§ '^f to amuse 
or entertain oneself, enjoy one- 
self, -dio, ^deiko^J plaything 
•-enie 1 stay , tarrying, -.enie 
sie "J amusement. 

baw||6i ^ rzo.j buflfalo. -voli ^ of 
buffalo, buffalo... 

bazalt "^ Cmin.J basalt. 

bazant '^ r^orn.; pheasant, -amia ^, 
pheasantry. 

bazar "^ bazar. 

bazgrallc '"f to scrawl, scribble. 
-cz ^ scrawler, scribbler, •-nilia *» 
scribbling scrawl. 

bazylik'^jY&o^; basil, -^a^, Carch.j 
basilica. 

bazyliszllek'T basilisk, •.kowy?' 
of the basilisk, basilisk. 

be *, baa, ant ~ ani me, knowing or 
saying nothing at all. 

bebechy pi., fvuig.j guts, bowels. 

beben " drum ; Cfig.J naughty 
b'oy, pickle. -*ek "IJ small drum; 
('zv uchuj tympanum. 

bebnic ^^ to drum, beat the drum. 

bf C *, flop ! plump ! 

beczellc '^^ to baa, bleat; weep, 
blubber. -*.nie " bleating. 

beczklla ^, tun, cask, •^owy f in 
cask; pitvo --owe, beer in cask 
or drawn from the cask. 

beczuika *i firkiu, a small cask 
or barrel. [thrush. 

bedika *", Cbot.J fungus; fmed.) 

bednarsliki " of a cooper, cooper's ; 
-ka robota, cooperj'. *t'WO'I coo- 
per's trade, cooperage, coopery. 

bediiarz "^ cooper, hooper. 

bejcila *i corrosive, •-owac """ tc 
corrode, etch. 

bek ™ bleating; sobbing. 

bekarllci^ bastard, spurious. *t^ 
lja?far(J. 

bekas ™ Coni.j becassiue, snipe. ' 



bekiesza 

bekieaza^ a large fur-coat. 

bsksa ";<&*; child who often 
cries and weeps. [reams 

bela^, bale, pack; (pqpitruj ten 

belka*", rafter, beam. 

beikot ™ stammering, defective 
utterance.- -»ac ^V" to stammer, 
stutter. 

"beletrystila *; belletrist -yka^, 
polite Utterature, belles-letters jpZ. 

beneficyTun ^ benefice. 

beiizyna^* benzine. 

berberys "i; barberry, -owy ? 
barberry . . . 

berdysz ™ battle-axe. 

beriiiika \ kind of boat. 

berio ^ sceptre. 

bestwic ^f to brutalize, render 
brutal. -* sie ^f ^ brutalize, 
become brutal. 

beatylla ^ beast, brute (also fig). 
'^alski " beastly, bestial, brutish 

besztac '^ to reprove, reprehend 
sharply. 

beflj featherbed. [lilac. 

bez "5 elder, elder-tree ; ~ iurecki, 

bez P'^, without, •.barwny ^ 
colourless. 

bezbozllnie ^ impiously. *.iiik ^ 
godless, impious man. •.nosc^, 
godlessness, impiety. «-ny f god- 
less, impious, wicked. 

bezbronny f unarmed, weapon- 
less, defenceless. 

bezcen ^ za •, dirt-cheap. 

bezcielesny ^ immaterial. 

bezczelniiie ^} impudently, shame- 
lessly, --osc ^, shamelessness, 
impudence, insolence, -•.y ^ im- 
pudent, shameless, insolent. 

bezczescic ''^^ to dishonour, vio- 
late, stain. 

bezczynllnosc ^, inactivity idle- 
ness, -ny " inactive, idle. 

bezdellu *", (fathomless) abyss, gulf. 
••nny f bottomless, fathomless. 

bezdroille ^ pathless track ; Cfig.J 
wrong way; iac na *a, to go 
astray, -^ny? pathless, untrodden. 

bezduszny f Inanimate, 



bezposredni T 

bezdzietnllie ^? without children, 

without leaving children, -OSC ', 
childlessness, -.y ^ childless, 
destitute of children or oflfspringi 

bezeclleustwo "^ '^nosc ^, foulness^ 
abominableness. 

bezecnie **^ fouUy, abominably. 

bezecny ^ foul, abominable, de* 
testable. 

bezgraniczny ? illimitable. 

bezgrzeszuosc ^, sinlessness, im- 
peccability. 

bezimiennllie "-^ anonymously, 
without a name, •y^ anonymous, 
nameless. 

bezinteresownltie ^'^ disinteres- 
tedly, -.osc \ disinterestedness. 
•y ^ disinterested, uninterested, 
unselfish. [essential. 

bezistotny " unsubstantial, un- 

bezkamllie ^} with impunity. 
-OSC ^impunity.^yf unpunished. 

bezkr61ewie 1 interregnum. 

bezllksztaitny ? shapeless, dif- 
form. -»ludny " waste, desolate, 
unpeopled. 

bezmaia "? almost, nearly. 

bezmiar "!? immensity. 

bezmyslnllosc \ thoughtlessness, 
incogitance. •.y ^ thoughtless, 
heedless. 

beznaganny f irreproachable. 

bezoki ? eyeless. 

bezokoliczny ^ (gramj tryb .., 
infinitive (mood). 

bezowocny^fruitless, vain, useless. 

bezparcyalny, vid. lezstronny. 

bezpieczllenstwo "J -'nose ^, safety, 
security, --nie "-^ safely, •.ny , 
safe, secure. 

bez! pierzysty, -^pidry ^ callow, 
unfledged, naked. 

bezpiatnllie «? gratis, freely. 
•-GSC^i gratuitousness, ^.yf' gra- 
tuitous. 

bezptciowy *? sexless. 

bezpiodllnosc ^, sterility, unfruit- 
fulness, aridity, -^ny " stiCrile, 
unproductive. 

bezposredni " immediate, direct. 



8 bezpo^redno 

«.0 <^ immediately, directly. 
•OSC * immediateness , imme- 
diacy. 

bezpotomnllie «^? without issue, 
•.y ^ issueless , destitute of oflf- 
spring. 

bezprawllie "? lawlessness, illega- 
lity; injustice, injury, •-ny?^ law- 
less, unlawful, unjust, illegal. 

bezprzestannllie «p incessantly, 
continually, •-y ^ incessant, un- 
intermitted, continual. 

bezprzykiadnllie ^} matchlessly. 
-,y ^ unprecedented, unexampled, 
matchless. 

bezr^czny f handless. 

bezrogi " hornless. 

bezrozumnllie "? irrationally, ab- 
surdly, -^y ^ irrational, void of 
reason, absurd. 

bezrzad"^ anarchy. 

bezsennli'osc *", sleeplessness. -*y f 
sleepless, wakeful. 

bezsens ^ nonsens, absurdity. 

bezsiinllosc ^, impotence, weakness, 
•-y " impotent, weak, feeble. 

bezskutecznilie ^f inefficaciously, 
ineffectually. *.y ^ inefficient, 
ineffectual. 

bezsprzeczny ^ incontestable. 

bezstronnllie ^^ impartially, un- 
biassedly. -osc ^, impartiality, 
-^y ^ impartial, just. 

bezustanny, vid. hezprzestanny. 

bezwarunkowy ^ unreserved, im- 
plicit, absolute. 

bezwiadnllosc ^, inactivity, inert- 
ness; /^/izj inertia. *.y f' inactive, 
idle, inert. 

bezwiosy " hairless. 

bezwstyd " shamelessness, im- 
pudence. ^XLJ ^ shameless, im- 
pudent. 

bezwzgl§dnliie *^p absolutely, un- 
conditionally ;regardlessly.*.osc^, 
absoluteness ; inconsiderateness, 
regardlessness. ^.y ^ absolute; 
regardless, inconsiderate, 

bezz^bjiy ? toothless. 



bied^ie6 

bezzellnny ? unmarried, -.fistwo ^ 
bachelorship, celibacy. 

bezzwiocznilie J*? immedlatelyj 
instantly. <*y f immediate. 

biada *, woe ! wo ! •-c^^ to lament, 
bewail. 

biaiawy f whitish. 

biaiko ^ tke white of an egg, 
albumen; the white of the eye. 
-waty^'albuminose, albuminous. 

biaio ^p white, in white. *.drzew "? 
abel-tree, abele. *.gtowa ^, wo- 
man. *sc^, whiteness. 

biaiosk6rni!lctwo "I tawery, taw- 
er's trade, -.k "^ tawer. 

biatllowiosy f white-haired. *<o« 
zor, (om.) gerfalcon. 

biaty " white. 

biblilla \ Bible, Scripture, --jny *? 
biblical, -.ofil '^ bibliopliile. 

bibliograf "1? bibliographer, ^ia \ 
bibliography. *.iczny ? biblio- 
graphic(al). 

bibliotellczny^ of a library. «.ka ^. 
library, -karz '^ librarian. 

bibula *i blotting-paper; (iig.) 
drunkard. 

bic ^^ to beat, strike ; ~ w dzwony, 
to ring the bells; .♦ w hebny, to 
beat the drum ; ~ pie7iiadze, to 
coin or mint money; ^ pale, to 
drive piles ; ~ bydto, to slaughter 
cattle; ~ z dziat, to fire or dis- 
charge the cannon ; ~ czolem, to 
prostrate oneself; zegar bije, the 
clock strikes. *. si§ ''^l' to fight, 
combat; ~ sipnapatasze, to fight 
with swords; ~ sip na kuiaki, to 
fight, box. 

bicie 1 beating, striking; ~ serca, 
the palpitation of the heart. 

bicz "^ whip. ~owac '"^f' to whip, 
scourge, lash. *.owanie ^ flagel- 
lation. *.ysko ^ whip-handle. 

biedila <i misery, need; od *y, 
hardly; viiec z kirn ».e, to have 
trouble with one; klepac *.e, to 
suffer want, •.actwo "J miserable- 
ness ; poor creature, poor fellow. 
-^ak ",' poor fellow. *-niec ^^ to 



biedhy 

become poor, -.ny ? poor, mise- 
rable, pitiful. 

biedninka ^, brass-beetle. 

biedzic 8i§ ""^T to t^^^ ^ great 
deal of pains, take trouble. 

bieg ^ course, race, career, •-ac^? 
to run. •-acz "^ runner, -.le "p 
skilfully, cleverly; fluently. 

biegllJOSC *", skill, ability, dexte- 
rity, -.y ^ skillful, able, expert. 

biegun "^ runner; pole; binge. 
-'Owy ^l' polar. 

biegunka ^, diavrboea. 

biel,-i*", white garment. *.,«.xi'^ 
sap. •-arz '^ bleacher, -whiter, 
•-ec "^'^ to get bleached, white, 
•^-enie 'J bleaching, whitening, 
•'ic^^to whiten, bleach, blanch; 
tin. *.ic sie ''^f ^o appear as 
something wliite. m.\Q,2i,vid.hylica. 

bielidlo 7 white paint. 

bieliizna^^ linen; *-izna stolowa, 
napery. •.mo "? the white of the 
eye; /^Tned.y cataract ; zdjac '^mo, 
to couch an eye. *.iichny " 
snow-white. 

bielun, vld. hlekot. 

biern! ie ^^ passively. *.osc ^. pas- 
sivity, pasbiveness. -^y ^ passive, 
unresisting. 

bierzmowallc^fto con firm, bishop, 
-nie 'J Colejem swUtym) confir- 
mation. 

bies '^ fvulg.) devil, demon. 

biesiadl'a \ banquet, festive en- 
tertainment, feast. *nik "^ ban- 
queter; revener,.feaster.-.owac^'^ 
to banquet; feast, revel. 

bie^acy " current, flowing; cur- 
rent^, instant. [cabbage. 

bigos ""l dish of hashed meat and 

bigot "i; bigot, devotee, -erya *", 
bigotry. *.ka*", (female") devotee. 

bija! k "^ beater of the flail, -vty- 
ka*", scuffle, scrimmage. 

bil '^ fii} ■parlamencie) bill. 

bila *, fi'i' V>'ze u) hilard) ball, -^rd'^ 
(gro.) billiards pi. ; billiard-table, 
^■rdowy ? billiard . . 

bilans ♦ balance, balance-sheet. 



bl^|ka6 sig 9 

bileflj small letter, note, billet; 
~ bankowy, bank-note ; -» do ieatru, 
ticket. 

bilion "^ billion. [hip . . . 

biodro ^. haunch, thigh, hip. -^wy ? 

biograf^ biographer, •-ia*", bio- 
graphy, •.iczny " biographic(al). 

birbant ™ idle disorderly fellow, 
reveller. *.owac^^ to lead a loose 
disorderly life, revel, carouse. 

biret '? priest-cap, bonnet. 

biskup ^ bishop. •.! ^ episcopal, 
•-stwo 1J bishopric; bishophood. 

bisurman ™ infidel, Mussulman. 

bisurmanic sie T to debauch, 
lead a dissolute life. 

bitnilosc ^, valour, bravery, valiant- 
n'css. *.y ^ warlike, valiant, brave. 

bitwa *", battle, fight 

bity?^ beaten; coined; ^ goScinicc, 
high-road 

biurko "J writing-desk, scrutoire. 

biuro " office. *kracya ^« bureau- 
cracy. 

biurowy " official, office.., 

biust, vid. popiersie. 

bizmut "J bismuth. 

bizon '!; whip, knout; rzo.J nre-ox. 

bla * fie. 

blacha ^» plate; iron-plate, tin- 
plate. *rnia *", sheet-iron-forge, 
tinman's trade, ^-rz '^ tinman, 
tinplate-worker. 

btad'^ error, mistake; fault, blun- 
der ; poki ludzie, poty heda hledy^ 
to err is human. 

bladllawy ? palish, -osc *", pale- 
ness, wanness. <*.oz61ty ? pale- 
yellow, •.y ^ pale, wan. 

bladzic '"','' to err, mistake; com- 
mU a fault; go astray, lose the 
way. 

biagallc '"'^ to implore, supplicate, 
beseech. *liiy " expiatory; im- 
ploring, supplicatory. 

btahl'OSC *", futility, triflingness; 
unimportance, insignificance, •-y* 
futile, worthless; insignificant, 
unimportant. 

btakac si§ 'T to err, wander about. 



to 



'blakna6 



blakn^c ^t* (q materyij to fade, 
lose colour. 

blanM p^., (fort.) breast -work; 
(arch.) pinnacle. 

"blanMet™ blank. [dour. 

blask "^ brightness, lustre, eplen- 

blaszllany ?^ made of tin, of iron- 
plate, -ka ^« small plate (of 
metal), 

blat^ plate, table-plate. 

btawat " silk-stuflf. -.ny? silken; 
handel -»ny, mercery. 

blawatek. (botj blue-bottle. 

biazelln^ buffoon, merry Andrew; 
fool, dunce. -.nsM" buffoonish, 
foolish, waggish, •.nstwo "J buf- 
foonery, foolery, waggery. 

biaznowac ^ to play the fool; 
Cz kogoj to make a fool of. 

blednica ^» chlorosis, greensick- 
ness, [ty; errant. 

biedny f erroneous, wrong; faul- 

bl^was "^ white-lead, ceruse.' 

bi^kit "^ blue colour, azure; ~ nie- 
bios, the blue sky. *.nawy f 
pale-blue. «»ny f blue, sky-blue. 

blekot "^ flot.J henbane, madwort. 

blichtr'^ false show, delusion. 

blisklli ? near, nigh; imminent, 
impendent. *o *^} near, nearly. 
o-OSC^, nearness, proximity. •»o- 
znaczny " synonimous. 

blizna^, scar, cicatrice. 

blizni^ fellow -creature, fellow- 
man, •-aczka^, twin-sister, ^•ak'^ 
twin-broiher. •■^cy ? relating to 
twins, --eta pi; twins pi. 

biocllic ^r to soil, dirty. *.ko ^ 
mud, mire. 

btoglli ^ blissful, happy; sweet, 
kind. '«>0SC^, blissfulness ; felicity, 
bliss. 

biogosiawillc^^ to bless; glorify, 
-'enie ^ blessing, benediction, 
-^enstwo 7 blessing, benedition ; 
bliss, felicity. -*ony ^ blessed. 

blok^ block, log. --ada *i blockade. 
-owac ^" to blockade, block up. 

Mona ^, membrane, pellicle, film ; 
r.. brzuchowa, peritoneum; ~ md- 



boczny 

zyowOf meninges; ^ aercotoa, peri- 
cardium^ ~ siatkowa (oka), retina. 

blond (indeclj f light - coloured, 
fair, •'yn™ blond, light-haired 
man. «,yiia, •-yaka \ light haired 
woman, blonde. [flat country. 

btonie \' pasture-ground, common \. 

btonka ^, pellicle, membrane. 

blotllnisty" marshy, boggy, swam- 
py, --o "J marsh, bog, swamp. 

bluszcz "^ (lot.) ivy. *.owy ? 
ivy . . . 

bluznillc ^^ to blaspheme, revile, 
•-eiiie 'J blasphemy, calumniation. 
-^-erca "^ blasphemer, -^erczy ? 
blasphemous, •-erstwo "5 blas- 
phemy. 

btysk"; gleam, glimpse. 

biyskallc, vid. Ilyszcze6. - si?, 
it lightens^ <^wica ^, lightning ; 
flash of lighting. 

btyskotllka^, glittering trifle, tin- 
sel, -"liwy " glittering, showy. 

Wysn^c ^7 to shine, glitter (for 
a moment). 

btyszczllacy f glimmering, glit- 
tering, brilliant. -*.ec ^? to glim- 
mer, glitter, shine. 

bo f for, because, since. 

b6b "i; riot.J bean. 

bobak "^ Czo.J marmot. 

bobliek "? (hot J laurel-berry; lau- 
rel, bay. •'ki pi., sheep's dung, 
-kowy ^ bay . . . 

bobo "J Old-Bogey, black bogey; 
chubby child. 

b6br, Czo.J beaver, castor. 

bobrowilac ^^ to wade through 
the water like a beaver; search, 
ferret, -.y ^beaver; «».e krople, 
castoreum. 

bo Chen, -.ek "^ loaf (of bread). 

bocian '^ (omj stork. -1 ^ of 
the stork, stork's. -.i§." young 
stork. 

b6cik "^ nice little boot, half-boot. 

bocwina, r'&'^^J beet; beet-leaves. 

boczjlkiem ^ sideways, sidelong. 
'•ny " lateral , side . , . j m-n^ 

'przejhiej side-passage. 



boczy6 sig 

boczyc sif ^f fn<^ kogoj to look 
askew at. 

bodaj! bodaize! ', would to God; 
bodaj cip! go to Bath I 

bodjak, fbot.) thistle. 

bodziec "^ thoro; goad; stimulus, 
stimulation. 

bodziszek "^ fbot) stork's bill. 

Bog "^ God; idz z Bogiem! good- 
bye! God be with you! hron Boze! 
uchowaj Boze! God forbid! szcz^sc 
Bozt! God help you! 

bQgacic ^^ to enrich. <«. sie ^f 
to grow rich. 

bogalictwo "J riches pl.^ opulence, 
wealth, -.cz ^ rich man , rich 
fellow, •.ty ?■ rich, wealthy; 
costly, precious. [Lord. 

Bogarodzica ^, the mother of our 

bogdaj, vid. bodaj. 

bogini^, goddess. 

bogpbojniiie'^? piously, religiously. 
-^OSC^, fear of God, piety, •-ny^ 
pious, religious. 

bohater "^ hero, -ka ^, heroine, 
-ski "J^ heroic, -^stwo 1 heroism. 

bohomaz ™ paltry, bungling 
picture. 

boj '^ fight, battle, combat. 

bojazliwilie «? fearfully, timo- 
rously. •'OSC^i fearfulness, timo- 
rousness, timidity. m,j f timo- 
rous, timid. 

bojazn^, fear, timidity. 

bojowliisko "J battle-field; thresh- 
ing-floor. i*-nik '^ warrior, -.y ^ 
of a fight, battle . . . 

bok '^ side, flank; pod boTciem, 
hard by , near at hand ; na * / 
clear the way! wziq.c kogo na ~, 
to take one aside. 

bol ^ ache, pain ; ~ gloicy, head- 
ache; ^ zehoiv, tooth-ache, -^epl-, 
CpologoweJ throes pl.^ pain in 
labour. 

bolac)r ^ aching, sore. 

boleji'c ^^? to ail, ache; grieve, 
be sorry; glowa mnie boU, I have 
a head-ache ; niech cif glowa o to 
tne 6oiij don't care for it. «*jacy f 



bracfwo 



11 



ailing; sickling, ^st *", pain, ail- 
ment ; grief, sorrow, woe. *silie **? 
grievously; dolorously, -.sny ? 
painful, dolorous. 

bomba^, bomb; wleciatjak^, he 
came rushing in unexpectedly. 

bombardllowac ^f to bombard, 
•'OWanie^ bombardment. -.yer^ 
^milj bombardier. 

bonifikowac "^'^ indemnify. 

bonifrater ^ hospitaller; oddac 
do BonifratroWy to declare a per- 
son ripe for a mad-house. 

bononski ^ piesek «., spaniel. 

bor '^ forest, wood. 

boraks ^ borax. 

borg ™ tick, credit. 

borowik '^ Cbotj cow-spunk. 

borowka^, ('botj bilberry 

borowy ™ forester, m. ^' forest. 

borsuk " ('zoj badger 

bosak '^ barefooted man; hook; 
na -.a, barefoot. 

bosc ^'^ to butt, push with horns; 
stimulate, goad. 

boskili ^ godlike, divine, -.q «3 
divinely, -.qsc ^, diviueness. 

boslio*^? barefoot. ~y^^ barefooted, 

bostwo "I deity, diviuity. 

b6t ",' boot. 

botanillczny f botanic(al). --k '^ 
botanist, herbalist, •-ka ^, botany, 

bowiem ? vid. bo. 

bozek "^ heathen god 

boznica^, synagogue. 

bozy f of God ; Boze Narodzenie, 
Christmas; Boze CialOf Corpus 
Christi-day. 

bozyszcze " idol. 

brae ''" to take; ("a rybachj nibble,' 
(o koniuj ~ na kiei, to take the 
bit in; ^ gorf nad kirn, vid. gora: 
* za zlx., to take amiss; ~ do serca^ 
to take to heart; mroz bi'erze, it 
gets cold ; ~ sip do czego, to begin 
with ; ~ sip do panny, to pay one's 
courtship to a girl. 

braciiszek ^ little brother; lay- 
brother, -.two V confraternity; 
union, society. 



12 



brak 



brylasty 



brak *J want, lack, need, *'nac, 

-owac'^f to be wanting; garble. 
brama^, gate. 
brjtinowailc '^^ to border, garnish. 

•-nie "J border, garnishing. 
branllie 'J (the action of) taking. 

-^-iec ^ prisoner of war, captive. 

<*ka ^, woman made prisoner of 

war; recruiting. 

bransoletka *", bracelet(ornament), 
brat "7 brother {liczha mnoga: 

brothers i brethren); zapanie ^, 

confidently, pertly ; - przyrodni, 

step -brother; ~ rodzony , real 

brother, 
bratac ^f to unite closely. ~ 8i§, 

to fraternise; form a friendship 
. with one. [pansy. 

bratllanek '^ nephew. *ek "^ (lot.) 
bratersliki ? brotherly, fraternal. 

•two 'J brotherliness; the brother 

and his wife. 
bratiini ^ brotherly. -»ob6jca "^ 

the murderer of a brother, fra- 
tricide. *.0b6jczy ? fratricidial. 

*Owa ^, a brother's wife. 
brawo*, bravo! well done! •» "J 

bravo, applause. 
brawTira^, bravery, gallantry, 
brelldnia *", nonsense, trash. 

•-dzic '^V' to talk nonsense. 
brew*i eyebrow, 
brewerya ^, quarrel ; "brewery e wy- 

prawiac, wyrahia6, to brawl, riot, 
brewiarz ^i breviary 
bmac '^f to wade; CfigJ to run, 

fall" into; « w dtugi, to run into 

debts. 

broczyc ^^ to imbrue. 
br6d "^ ford ; w ~ rzekp przetyS^ to 

ford a river, wade through a river. 
broda^, beard; chin, -vcz "^ man 

with a long beard, •.ty " bearded, 
brodawka^, wart, * c?/cfcot^a, pap, 

nipple, teat. ~ 

brddka ^, little beard'. 
brodzic ^? to wade; five JcrwiJ 

to imbrue. 
br6^ "^ stack, rick, 
broic ^? to do mischief. 



bron ^, weapon, arms pi. ; ~ palnot 
fire-arms; na ramie ^! shoulder 
arms! do nogl ^! ground arms! 

bronlla *", harrow, •-owac "^^ to 
harrow, -vowanie "J harrowing. 

bronic "?■ to defend, protect; 
prohibit ; ^ czyjej sprawy, to plead, 
one's cause. 

bronz "^ bronze, -owy ^ brazen. 

broszura ^, pamphlet. 

browar %' brewhouse, brewery. 

br6l!zda ^, furrow, -^zdzic ""f to 
furrow ; ffigj tu put obstacles in 
the way. 

brud "^ nastiness, filth, dirt, ^-as ^ 
sloven, grimy fellow. *.no "? 
dirtily, nastily. -*.ny ^ nasty, 
dirty, filthy, --zic ""f to dirty, 
soil, sully. 

bruk "^ pavement; zhijaS ~, to 
saunter, lounge. «.arz ^ paver. 

brukiew *i turnip; dzika *, navew. 

brukowllac ^f to pave, -.anie 'J 
pavement. *.iec^ lounger; pa- 
ving-stone, -y " paving..., 
pavement . . , ; wiadomosci -*e, tho 
news picked up in the street. 

brulion ^ waste-book. 

brunatnllic ^^ to brown. *.iec "^^ 
to turn brown. *.y " brown. 

brtmet"? dark-complexioned man, 
^-a, -i-ka ^, brunette. 

brutal 'V rude person, brutish 
fellow, •-ny " rude, brutal. 
-^Stwo ^ brutality. 

brwi pi., vid. hreio. 

bryczka^, four-wheeled carriage, 
britzka. 

bryftregier "^ vid. Uatonosz, 

bryg '^ Cmar.J brig. 

brygada ^\ (mil.) brigade. 

bryKa ^, waggon, carriage, vehicle. 

brykac ^? (o koniuj to jib, kick ; 
frisk; be refractory. 

brykla^, busk. 

bryla ^, lump, clod (of eartu); 
* lodu, flake of ice. 

brylant "^ brilliant, diamond, <*o« 
wy ^ diamond. 

brylasty ? clotty, lumpy. 



brylka 

brylka^, small lump, clot. 

bryiowatilosc ^, clottiness; sphe- 
ricity. *.y " globular, spherical. 

bryudza \ kind of whey cheese; 

bryt ^ fmateryi) breadth. 

brytan "^ mastiff, buldog. 

brytfanna ^, frying-pan. 

bryzgac ^^ to spout, squirt (with 
mire). 

brzakailc ^? to clink, jingle. 
-^dio " any musical instrument 
made of brass etc. 

brzask "^ day-break, dawn. 

brzdakac ^^' to thrum, jingle. 

brzdek \ flop ! plump ! -.nac ^? 
to fall with a noise. 

brzeczllec ^'? to hum, buzz; •-aca 
TTiowe^a, specie, hard cash, ^-enie " 
humming, hum. 

brzeg "^ edge, brink; fmorzaj 
coast, shore, beach; frzelcij'ba.nk) 
(ksiazkij margin; fsuknij skirt. 
"Owy ^ coast, coasting. 

brzek ^ clash, clink, jingle, 
•'a'dlo, vid. hrzakadio, 

brzemie ^ burden, load, charge. 

brzeiniennllosc ^, pregnancy, -.y f 
teeming, abundant; '*>B,('kohieta), 
pregnant, with child. [wood. 

brzeszczot ^, birch -tree; birch- 

brzmiiiacy f resounding, sonorous, 
ringing, i^ec "^^ to sound, ring; 
purport, '•.enie ^ sound; tenor, 
contents pi. 

brzoskwinilla ^, peach; peach- 
tree, -^owy ^ peachy, peach... 

brzost "7 elm, elm-tree. 

brzozlia ^, birch, birch-tree. m,o- 
vry " birchen. 

brzuch '^ belly, abdomen ; do gory 
--em, on the back, -.acz '^ big- 
bellied man. •.aty ^ big-bellied. 
«*0m6wca '" ventriloquist. 

brzuszi'ec, brzusiec '^ the pro- 
tuberant, convex part; ••ecpaica, 
finger-tip. •-ny ^ abdominal; 
■^kura •'iia, peritoneum. 

brzydlal '" ugly person. -,ki ^ 
ugly, naughty; -^ki czas, nasty 
weather. -%ko <*? uglily, abomi- 



buIgotaS 13 

nably. •.nac ^',^ to become ugly. 
•-Ota^i uglmcsg. 

brzydz'Ienie sie 7 abhorrence, 
abomination, disgust. *.ic ''^^ to 
disgust. «.ic sie "^r to loathe, ab- 
hor, bo disgusted with. 

brzytwa ^, razor. 

buch *, plump! bang! •-ac '"^ to 
spout (out), burst out. 

buchalter "IJ book-keeper. *ya ^, 
book-keeping. [bottom. 

buchta ^, bay, creek; (okretuj 

bucik, vid. bocik. 

buczyna ♦i beech- wood; beech- tree. 

budlla *■, booth, shed, stall, -nik "? 
line-keener; booth-keeper. 

budowa ^, building, structure, con- 
struction; architecture; (cialaj- 
constitution, •-c ^" to build, con- 
struct; (fig. J edify; •-c zamki na 
lodzie, to build castles in the air. 

budowla*", building, edifice, con- 
struction, -ny ^ timber . . . ; drzc- 
wo ••ne, timber. 

budownillctwo ^ architecture, 
-^czy ?• architect. 

budulb'acy " edifying, -.lec 7 
timber, timber-wood. 

budynek "^ building, edifice. 

budzi!!c "'f to awake, arouse. -*6 
sie '^r to wake, awake.-vk^ alarm- 

budzet ^, budget. [clock. 

buliaj '" bull, bullock. 

bujac ^'^,^ to buoy, tower; •, po 
swiecie, to range the world. 

blijn!|ie, <*o "? exuberantly, ah» 
undantly. *osc *\ exuberanc94 
»y ^ exuberant. 

buK %' beech-tree. 

bukiet™ nosegay. 

bukowllina ^, teech-wood. •^y ? 
beechen. [wy ?" box. 

bukszpan ™ box-tree , box. *.o« 

buksztel '^ Carch.J centring, 

bukwica^, (hot.) betony. 

bula*". (papiezkaj bull. 

butany " fallow, pale, 
buirawa "? staff, truncheon ; staflP 
of commandment. 
bulgotac, vid, beikotac. 



14 



bulion 



'balion ^ broth, bouillon, 
"bnlka^, roll, wheat-broad. 
'bulla, vid. bula. 
bnnczuiiczny " swelled or elated 

with pride, puffy. •'Czyc sie ^f 

tx) swell with pride, grow proud. 

*»k ™ horse's tail, Turkish 

standard. 
bunt ^ sedition, rebellion, mutiny. 



revolt 



«owac 



to stir up 



against., raise. «» ^ sie'^f to rebel, 
revolt, -.owanie sie "J stirring 
up; sedition, •.owniczy f rebel- 
lious, seditious, mutinous. *.o- 
wnik "^ rebel, rioter. 

bura^, sbarp reproof, rebuke. 

btirak '^ (hot J beet, beet -root. 
*»owy '^ beet . . . 

bnrczec'"?? to rebuke, reprimand. 

burda^, brawl, scuffle, riot. 

burgrabia™ burggrave. 

burka ^, ^ felt-cloak. 

burkn^C, vid. hurczei. 

bunnistrz "^ mayor, Cw NiemczechJ 
burgomaster, '(LondynuJ Lord 
Mayor. *.owac '"V' to govern as 
2^ regent, domineer, •-owski " 
mayoral, mayor . . . 

bnrsztsoi "^ /minj amber. *owy^ 
amber. 

burt "^ border, galloon, •-a ^. 
CokrptuJ board. 

bury f dark-grey. 

burza "^ storm, tempest. 

burzliwllosc ^, boisterousness, im- 
petuosity. -*,y ^ stormy, tempes- 
tuous, boisterous. 

burzyllc '"^ to ferment; stir up; 
pull down, destroy. *.c 8i§ '"T to 
ferment; rage, -vciel ^ agitator, 
perturbator ; destroyer. 

busola ^, nautic-compass. 

but, vid. h6t. 

buta^, pride, scorn. 

butel '^ bntla ^, large bottle. -*»ka ^, 
bottle, vial. *kowac ^" to bottle, 
put in bottles, 'vkowy " bottled, 
bottle . . . ; M'kowe piwo, bottled 
beer. 



bzyku6 

butn;;le, --o "'} haughtily, proudly, 
boastfully. *.osc ^, haughtiness, 
pride ; boastfulness. ^.y f haughty, 
arrogant; proud; boastful 

butwiec '"V' to mould, become 
musty. 

buzia *", -^k '^ little mouth, lips pi. ; 

kiss; dac koviu huzi, to kiss one. 
bnzowac ""V" to snub, rebuke, 
by f in order that ; (in order) to. 
bye "^'f to be ; ^ w domu, to be at 

home; ladi co badzy at any rate. 
byczli'ek "^ bullock, -.y f ox ... , 

bullock . . . 
bydl§ ^ beast, brute, •-cose ^, 

beastliness. *.cy ^ brutish, bestial. 
bydio "J neat, neat-cattle, cattle, 
byk "^ bull. -*.owiec "^ bull's pizzle. 
byle ? ~ tylko, provided that. 
bylica ^, fbot.J mugwort, artemisia. 
byiy f late, former, 
bynajnmiej "'} not in the least, 

by no means, in no wise 
bystrllo "^^ quickly, rapidly. •OSC ^ 

swiftness, quickness , rapidity ; 

CumystuJ quick comprehension, 

acuteness. •.y ^ swift, rapid ; sly, 

acute; ingenious, cunning; ^.y 

wzrok, sharp or keen look, 
byf^ existence, state; situation; 

dohry *., welfare, prosperity. 

-'Iiosc^, stay, sojourn, •.owac^^ 

to exist, be; stay. 
b3rwac '"V' to frequent, haunt: 

happen'. 

bywalec ™ old stager. 
bywaly " experienced, 
bzdurlla^, stuff, fiddle-faddle; 

little fool, -.ny ^trifling. *.stwo " 

foolish talk, nonense ; triflingness. 
bzdnrzyc ""f to talk nonsense, 

faddle. 
bzik "^ crack, crazedness j miec *a, 

to be crack-brained- 
bzionka ^, elder-berry. 
bzowy ^ eldern,. elder . . . ; kioiat 

~, elder-flower. 
bzykac ^ to hum, buzz. 



cabr 



c^bllTi •-er ^ (o mifsiej buttock, 

rump, fillet. 
Icaca*. C^t dzieei) beautiful I 'tis 

fine ! -nv ^ (fam.J genteel, pretty. 
cackllac , cieckac 8i§ ^T to 

fondle, caress.- -*o ^ toy, play- 
cal ™ inch. [thing, gewgaw, 

caiklliem, -owicie ^f wholly, 

entirely, completely, -.bwitosc ^, 

totality. -»owity ? whole, com- 
plete, total; undivided, ^-owy f 

(mat.) integral. 
Caio "^ safely, safe and sound, 
calodziennllie ^^ during the whole 

day, all day long, -y ^ lasting 

the whole day. ~ 

calopalllenie "J burnt -sacrifice, 

holocaust, •-ny ^ offered as a 

burnt-sacrifice. 
Calosc ^, whole, totality, entireness. 
catowallc^f to kiss, caress: •♦nie 7 

kissing; kiss. 
Cal|I6wka ^, inch -thick plank. 

•-owy ? inch, inch -thick, an 

inch long. ^ [cloth. 

caltm " pall, shroud, hearse- 
cains "7 loud kiss, smack. <*ek '^ 

kiss (kind of confection), 
calnllsienkij^tenkif whole, entire, 

uffdamaged; •sienki dzien^ the 

livelong day. . 
Caiy ^ whole, all ; entire, total ; safe. 
cap *, snap ! m. "7 ram ; (fig.J drone, 

sluggard- --ac, •■nac '"'f to catch 

eagerly, gripe, grasp, 
capstrzyk " tattoo. 
car^ czar, •owa^, czarina, •-ski ^ 

czarinian. ^^stwo " the empire 

of the czar, empire, 
ceber "7 pail, bucket. 
cebullia <i onion, bulb, ^asty ? 

bulbous, bulbaceous. •'Owy " 

made of onion, onion . . . 
Cech^ guild, corporation, asso- 
ciation. *ra *", mark, sign, stamp ; 

token, character, indication, 
cechowllac ^f to mark, stamp, 



ceregiele 



15 



brand; characterise, distinguish, 
•y ^ oif a guild, corporate. 

ceor '7 cedar, j . 

cedrowy f cedar, cedar •..» 

ceduta* note, ticket. 

cedzllenie 7 filtration. -.16 ^* to 
filter, filtrate; *ic przez zpby 
stowd, to drawl one's words. 
«*idto 7 strainer, colander. 

cqgi pi; tongs pi. 

cegilielnia ^, brick-kiln,- tile-kiln, 
•-la ^, brick, •'lany ^ made of 
brick, •larz "? brick -maker, 
•-lasty f brick-coloured. 

Cel^ mark, aim; scope, design, 
end, view; w tym celUj with this 

cela ^, cell. [view. 

celebrowac ^? to celebrate, mass. 

celnllie ^^ exactly, right, without 
missing the aim. -^ik "^ toU- 
gatherer, tax-gatherer, excise- 
man. •'OSC ^, justness, correct- 
ness, ^.y ^ hitting the mark; 
prominent, eminent; -.y sirzeltCy 
marksman ; komora cAna, custom- 
house. 

celowllac^?^ to aim,' take aim at; 
fw czemj to excel in; fnad in- 
nymij to surpass, outdo. «iiik ™ 
diopter (gram.) dative. 

cembrowallc ^'f to cover with 
planks, plank. *.nie 7 planking. 

cement ^ cement. 

cenlla K price, value, rate, -^.jc ^'f 
to prize, Talue, estimate ; esteem ; 
ask a price. «*.nik ™ price-list. 
-"llOSC^, high price, high value 
*ny ? of high price, precious. 

cenzor ^7 censor. . _ 

cenzorilowany 7 stool of repen- 
tance, -ski ^ censorial. 

cenzurlja^, censorship. •»owac^? 
to censure. 

cepllak "^ -risko "I shaft of a flaiU 

cepy pi; flail. 

cera ^, Ctwarzyj complexion. 

cera ^, darning, -ta ^, cerecloth^ 
oil-cloth. . 

ceregiele pl.t unnecessary Com- 
pliments; ceremonies pU 



16 



ceremonia 



ceremonilla ^, ceremony, formality. 

-^at "^ ceremonial, -^alnie "^ 

ceremonially, ceremoniously. *.al- 

nosc ^, ceremoniousness. *alny f 

ceremonious. 

cerkiew/; Greek church, 
cerowac "^f to dam. 
certowac '"V' (si? '^^ to dispute; 

contest, 
cesarsliki f imperial, -.two "J 

empire; the emperor and his 

consort, 
cesarz '^ emperor, ••ewicz, czaro- 

witch, prince imperial, -.owa ^, 

empress. 
Cftklla, dot, spot, speckle; w •.!, 

speckled. *'Owac '^f to spot, 

speckle. ' •-owany ? spotted, 

speckled.. 

Cetnar^ hundredweight, quintal, 
cetno " even, number ; gra6 w ^ i 

licho, to play at even and odd. 
cewka*", bobbin, canula, pipe, 
cha ! cha ! *, ha ! ha ! 
chaber J^ CbotJ blue-bottle, 
chadzac, vid. chodzic. 
chaiastra^, mob, rabble, populace, 
chalnpa ^, (peasant's) cottage, 

cabin, cot 

cham ™ peasant, viUaia 
Chan "^ khan, 
chaolls '^ chaos, disorder. *»tycznyf 

chaotic, confused, [snap, 

chapllac, -^nac '"^ to grasp, gripe, 
charakter ",' character, temper, 

disposition ; hand-writing. *.y- 

Styczny ^ characteristic, -^yzo- 

wac , to characterise. 
charcica^, a greyhound-bitch. 
charllczec, -kotac^^ to hawk and 

spit.-^-kot "prattling (in the throat), 
chartak"^ poor man; sickly man. 
chart "i greyhound. [hovel, 

chata ^, cottage, hut, peasant's 
chcllenie 1 voUtion, mind, desire. 



»iec 



'7 to be willing, have. a 



mind, intend; want, desire; chce 

misipjesc, I am hungry; chce mi 

sip i?ic, I am thirsty; i*e, I will. 

chciwllie <*p eagerly, greedily. 



chlop 

•'iec'^ greedy man. ^-osc^, gree* 
diness, covetousness, avidity. A.y ** 
greedy, covetous, avaricious. 

chf C ^, will, wish, mind, desire. 

chedojlgi ^ neat, clean, -.go ^^ 
cleanly, neatly, -.^enie V cleaning, 
cleansing. <v4yc '*^f to clean, 
cleanse. 

chetbac'^f to agitate, move, shake, 

cheipllic si§ '"V to boast of, brag, 
vaunt. •'liwie "p boastingly, 
boastfully. -liwosc ^, boast, 
boasting, boastfulness. ^-liwy ? 
boastful, boasting. 

chemilla ^, chemistry. *.czny ? 
chemical. -,k "? chemist. 

cherlallc T to be sickly. *k 7 
valetudinarian, sickly person. 

cherub "^ cherub. 

ch§t||ka ^, fancy," mind, •'iiie **p 
willingly, fain, •.ny f willing, 
fain, ready. 

cMmerlla *", chimera, whim, caprice, 
•^-yczny ^ whimsical, capricious. 

china \ Peruvian bark, Jesuits* 
powder. 

chinszczyzna ^, Chinese style. 

chirnrg %' surgeon, •.ia ^, surgery. 
-^iczny " surgical. 

chlac '"^ to drink to excess, tope. 

Chlastac ^^ (hlotemj to splash. 

chleb "^ bread; (iig.J livelihood, 
bread; ~ razowy, brown bread; 
^pszenny, white bread; -zmastem^ 
butter and bread; ~ taskawy, 
bread of charity. *.odawca ™ 
forsterer; master, employer. 

chlew "^ pig-sty. 

chlipac*^? to lap, quaff. 

chiod ™ coolness, freshness. 

chlodnljac '"^ to grow cold, -.ik'^ 
coohng-'drink. •-o "? coolly, fresh- 
ly, •-osc ^, vid. chtod. •-y f cool, 
fresh. 

Chiodzllacy f refreshing, cooling, 
refrigerant, •-ic "^ to cool, re- 
frigerate, -.ic sie ^r to refresh, 
oneself. 

chion^c ^'^ to devour, absorb. 

chiop '\' peasant, countryman; « w 



cMopa 

*»i,, the choice of men. •ak ^ 
lad, boy, stripling, -.czyk, •czy- 
na'^ little boy. •.!§ 1J child, boy. 
-iec "^ boy. *i|cy " boyish, 
childish, ^isko 'J boor, churl, 
clown. -»ka ^, country-woman, 
•ski " peasant, rustic ; churlish, 
clownish, -stwo ^ peasantry. 

Chlosta ^, whipping, stripes pl.y 
bastinado, -c ^^ to whip, lash. 

chluhL'a^, honour, pride, distinc- 
tion, ^ic si§ '^r to glory in a 
thing, take pride in a thing. 
•ny f honourable, creditable, 
laudable, honorific. 

chhipotallc ^? to gurgle, -nie ^ 
gurgling. 

chlustac ^^ to splash, squirt. 

chiystek "^ hobbledehoy, winny. 

chmara ^, cloud, multitude, mass. 

chmiel "^ hop. -.amia, hop- 
garden, -.arz'^ hop-picker, •ic'^^ 
to hop. *.nik ij hop-field. 

chmurlla ^, cloud. *.ka ^, a little 
cloud, •-ny '^ cloudy, gloomy, 
overcast. *'Zyc si§ T to gi-ow 
cloudy. [little. 

choc**? at least; ^ troche^ ever so 

Chol'c, *'Ciaz ? though, although ; 
chochy naicet, even though. 

chochilik "i; gnome. 

ch6d '^ walk, gait, pace. 

chodl!ak'7 bast-shoe, clog. *.nik'^ 
avenue; side-walk; foot-walk. 

chodz.'enie "i walking, •.ic ^? to 
walk, go; •ic za swemi intere- 
samif to look after one's busi- 
ness ; nie chodzi mi o to, I do not 

choina^, pine-tree, [care for it. 

cholerlla ^, cholera, -yczny f 
choleraic; choleric. 

chole^ila, -ka ^, leg of a boot; 
choleJvTci smalic, to court, woo. 

chomato \ horse's collar. 

chomik "? CzoJ hamster. 

chor '^ choir, quire, chorus. 

choragiew^? standard, ensign, flag; 
(zolnierzzj company, squadron, 
•-ka \ pennon, streamer; (na 
dachuj vane, weather-cock. 

CzpU jiolsko-angielsJca. 



chropowato 17 

choralU "^ choral(e). *lny ? choral, 
choric. 

Chorazy"^ standard-bearer, ensign. 

choroliba ^, sickness , disease, 
malady; •-ba morska, sea- sick- 
ness; *»ba f^u). Walentego, falling 
eicknessj epilepsy; id£ do •'by, 
go and bo hanged. •.bliw>' ? 
morbid, sickly,unhealthy.*wac^ 
to be sick of; -^wac na oczy^ to 
have sore eyes ; •.wac 2 te.sknoty 
za krajeTTif to be homesick. 

chorowitllosc ^, sickliness, infir- 
mity. i*y " sickly, infirm. 

ch6rowy f choric. 

chory'i patient, sick person. «• ^ 
sick, diseased, ill. 

chow "^ (zivierzat) breeding ; « 
bydta, cattle-breeding. 

chowallc ^f to keep, preserve; 
hide, conceal; bury, inter; •-c do 
kieszeni, to put into pocket; 4»c 
w pamieci, to keep in mind, ^.c 
sie ^V to hide oneself, abscond; 
to''live; be brought up; dzieci 
mu sie nie chowajaj his chil- 
dren die when young, --iiie^ 
preservation ; (cial) burial, inter- 
ment, •ny f domestic, -^ny, 
grac to m. negO, to play at hide- 
and -seek. [maybug. 

chrabaszcz ^ beetle, cockchafer, 

chrapaiIc^*^to snore, snort. *nie 7 
snoring, snore. 

chrapka ^, grudge ; mieS na kogo 
chrapke, to bear a person a grudge. 

chrapliwii'ie "? with shrill voice, 
-.y ^ shrill, harsh, hoarse. 

chrapy pi., nostrils pi. 

chrobot^ rattling, cracking noise, 
-ac '^f to grate, jar, rattle. 

chromflac '^V' to holible, go lame, 
•anie " hobbling, hobble. m.j f 
lame, crippled. 

chronic ^'" to shelter, screen. 

chroniczny f chronical. 

chronologij'a ^, chroiJology.-.cznie 
«^ chronologically. -*czny" chro- 
nological. 

chrop wat!Io«? roughly, ruggedly. 
Z 



18 cliropowatos6 

•'0§6 '', ruggedness , roughness, 
harshness, -.y '^ rough, rugged, 

Chr6st 'i; brush-wood. [harsh. 

chmpac ^f ? to craunch, crackle. 

Cliryplliec ""^ to have a hoarse 
throat; speak in a hoarse voice. 
«*ka ^, hoarse throat, -i^liwy f 
hoarse. 

Chrystus ™ Christ. 

Clirzakac, vid. krzakac. 

chrzan "^ horse-ra'dlsh. 

chrzastkHa ^, cartilage , gristle. 
•-Owaty " gristled, gristly. 

chrzaszcz ™ scarabee, coleopter. 

chrzcillc ^^ to baptize, christen, 
•-elnica ^, baptistery, font.*.nyjpJ., 
christening (feast). 

chrzczony f baptised. 

chrzescijaOnin"? christian, -.nka ^, 
christian (woman). -.nski " 
christian, -^nstwo " Christianity, 
Christendom. [clash, clang. 

chrzellscic '^V' clink, clatter. *-st "J 

chrzellsniak '^ godson, -st ™ 
baptism; trzymac do chrztu, to 
stand godfather (a child), -stny " 
ojciec •^stny, godfather; matka 
•-stna, godmother; syn ••stny, 
godson. 

chuc ^, lust, concupiscence. 

chuch "5 whiflf, puff; huffed pawn ; 
wziad •-a, (w warcabach) to huff 
a man. *»,ac '^V' to beathe, blow. 

•-rak "^ gaunt man, •^ro ^ inte- 
stines pi. of a fish. 

clmdllerlawy f' somewhat lean. 
~eiisz "^ poor devil, •-nac ^? 
to grow lean, meagre, -oba^, 
modest fortune, small property. 
—OSC ^, leanness, meagreness. *.y f 
lean, meagre, lank; poor. 

chudzilfatko'; *na ^, poor wretch, 
-uchny " very loan. 

chusta % piece of linen, kerchief; 
zhladi Jak m>f he grew pale as 
death. 

chustac ""f to swing,, seesaw. 
* sif ^r to swing oneself, see- 
saw. 

chustawka^t seesaw, swing. 



ciag 

chustlleczka ^, handkerchief; neck- 
kerchief, kerchief. *.ka s hand- 
kerchief; -ka do nosa, pocket- 
handkerchief. 

chwaia ^, praise, laud, glory; Bo^ 
gu ~, God be praised. 

chwalca ™ praiser, eulogist. 

chwalebnille «? laudably, ••y f 
praiseworthy, laudable. 

chwalic ^? to praise, commend, 
-^sie, to praise oneself, boast; 
nie chwalac sie, boast apart. 

chwasf^ weed. 

chwat ™ brisk, gallant fellow. 

chwiac "^f to shake, balance. 
'" si§, to stagger, waver, totter. 

chwiejllacy si§, wavering, -^nosc ^, 
irresolution, unsteadiness, ^-ny ? 
wavering, unsteady. 

chwillla, -^ka^, while, moment; 
CO chwila, every moment. *.owo "^ 
momentarily. «*owy f instan- 
tenous, momentary. 

chwylicic, •-tac "^f to lay hold, 
grasp, catch. 

chyba <»p <fc ? except; accept that, 
save that. [fro, 

chybilac, •'Otac '^V' to wave to and 

cnyhillac, -'C ""? to miss, fail; 
na •-i irafii, at random. 

chybklli " swift, nimble. «».0SC ^, 
swiftness, nimbleness. 

chyc *, hush! quick! 

chychofy ••anie "J titter, giggle, 
--ac si§ "T to titter, giggle. 

chylic "^^ to bend, bow. «. sie, 
to bend; be on the decline, de- 
cay, [sneaking manner. 

chyikiem <^P bendingly; in a 
sneaking manner. 

chytrllOSC ^, cunningness , craft- 
iness, slyness. *.y ^ cunning, sly. 
^26 ^} cunningly, craftily. 

chyzllo <^^ swiftly, nimbly, •-y ^ 
swift, nimble, fleet. 

ciac '"'^ to hew, smite ; strike, cut ; 
J" drzeioa, to fell or cut down 
trees. 

ciag ^ draught; course or space 
of time, interval ; w *ii lata^ in 



ciagle 

the course of summer ; ~ dalszy, 
continuation. 

ciaglile «? continually, •'lose ^, 
ductility, ductileness. •.Jy f con- 
tinual, incessant; ductile. ~ ' 

ciagnllac ^^V" to draw, pull; di- 
late, extend; move on, march; 
^ korzysc, to derive profit from; 
« dalej, to go on, continue, •.ac 
sie ^' to extend, reach, •-ienie^" 
draught, drawing, -^if ty, -'iony ^ 
drawn; Co kruszcadij^ embossed, 
chased. 

Ciato " body; flesh; Boze ^, Cor- 
pus Christi day. •.skiad "^ cpn- 
Btitution of the body. 

ciapa *", milksop,humdrum coward. 

Ciarki pl-y chill, shudder; az mi 
~ przechodza, my flesh begins to 
creep. 

ciasnina ^, narrows pi., stijait. 

ciasniio "? straitly, narrowly. 
•-OSC, •'Ota^, narrowness, strait- 
uess. •-y •;*■ narrow, strait, tight; 
•-a glowa, a bluntheaded, thick- 
skulled fellow. [paste. 

Ciastilko^ cake, pastry. •'O "J dough, 

Ciaza^t pregnancy; zajsc w daze, 
to become pregnant. 

ciazlienie ^ gravitation ; pression, 
pressure. «.yc ^\^ to be heavy, 
lie heavy upon; gravitate. 

Cichllaczem "p silently, by stealth, 
underhand, -..nac '^V' to be ap- 
peased ; abate, go down, •-.o «■? 
in a low voice, •.osc *", quietness, 
tranquillity, •.y ^ still, quiet. 

ciec ^f to run, leak ; ciecze z da- 
chu, the eaves drop. 

ci§cie " cut, stroke, blow. 

ciecierka^, (om.) heath-hen. 

cieciwa *", string (of a bow) ; (mat.) 
cijord.^ 

jCieckac sie, vid. cackac. 

ciecz ^ fluid liquid. 

ciega ^, stroke ; dostai cipgi, he 
has been trounced, soundly 
horsewhipped. 

ciekac si§ ^f to be in heat. 

ciekawilie «*? curiously, inquisiti- 



cienkusz 



19 



vely. -osc *", curiosity, Inqulsl- 
tiveness.'wski'^ inquisitive body 
•-y f curious, inquisitive; inter- 
esting. [liquiJ. 

ciekillOSC^, fluidity. *,y f fluid, 

cielilak '; bull-calf, calf, -.atko ^ 
a little calf; CfigJ ninny,*" sim- 
pleton, •.fi ; calf. *»ec "5 molten 
calf; idol. 

cielecllina ^, veal, -.y f calf s, 
of veal; pieczen •.a, roast-veal. 

cielesnie "? bodily, corporally; 
carnally. 

cielesnilosc *", corporality; carna- 
lity, sensuality, •-y f corporal; 
carnal, sensual. 

cielicsif ^^ to calve. 

cielistilosc ^, obeseness; flesh- 
colour. *y f flesh-coloured, in- 
carnate. 

cielna ^, big with calf. 

cielsko ^ (with contempt) miser- 
able body. 

ciemierzyca *", fhot.J hellebore. 

ciemig ',' the crown or top of the 
head; nie w" ^ lity, not wanting 
sense, '^ga 'y dullard; bore (per- 
son). 

ciemiezlica '^ oppressor, -.enie 7 
oppression, pressure, •-yc '^^ to 
oppress. 

Ciemku, vid. podemku. 

ciemnilawy f duskish, darkish, 
-vie ^" to darken, make dark, 
.-^ica ^, dark prison, dungeon, 
keep, •'iec ^^'^ to, grow dark. 
-►0 "? darkly, obscurely. -*osc *. 
darkness, obscurity. -*.ota ^, dark- 
ness ; blindness ; Cfig.J ignorance. 
•- ozielony ' " dark - green , sea- 
green. *y f dark, obscure; 
ignorant. 

ciefi "^ shade, shadow; ghost, 
phantom; (zmarlychj dtnit pL., 
the shades pi. 

cieniilowac "^ to shade, shadow, 
-.sty " shadowy. 

cienkJIi ? thin, slender ; not coar- 
se, fine. •'Osc^, thinness; fine- 
ness. Arusz "^ small beer. 
2" 



20 



ciepiawy 



cieplawy f lukewarm, tepid. 

ciepliiec *^" to grow warm, •-ic'''? 
to warm, heat, •-ice fl.y baths; 
thermal waters. *.ik "^ caloric 

ciepto ^ warmth. •» ctd warmly. 
*<niierz ™ thermometer. 

ciepluchny ^ quite warm. 

ciepty " warm. 

ciern "J fhot.) thorn. 

ciernille ^ thorn -bush, bramble, 
•owy f thorny; vexatious; *OWa 
korona, crown of thorns. 

cierpillacy ? ailing, suffering; 
sickly, ^ec '""^ to suffer; en- 
dure, bear; ^ biedp, to be in mi- 
sery. -*enie ^ suffering, pain. 

Cierpklli f sour, tart, acid ; harsh, 
austere. *.o <*? sourly; harshly. 
••OSC ^» sourness, acrimony; aspe- 
rity, harshness of temper. 

cierpliwilosc ^, patience; endu- 
rance, forbearance, -.y f pa- 
tient; indulgent. 

cierpnac "^f to grow stiff; get 

ciesac ""^ to hew, cut. [numb. 

ciesielsliki ^ carpenter's, -two ^ 
carpentry, carpenter's trade. 

cieilsla "i carpenter, •.siolka ^, 
carpenter's work; carpentry. 

Ciesnina, vid. dainina. 

cieszyc "^ to cheer, rejoice. *» 
si§ , to be glad, rejoice, enjoy. 

cietrzew ^IJ (om.J black - cock, 
heath-cock. 

Cietyfcut; tipsy; smart, stylish. 

ciezar '^ weight, burden, load, 
-na ? pregnant, Wg with child, 
^-nosc^i pregnancy. 

ciezllenie ^ Cgtowyj giddiness.-.ki ^ 
w'eighty, heavy, ponderous ; hard, 

diflicult; painful, laborious; 

styl, rugged style. *kosc^, hea- 
viness; (fig J dulness. -yc, vid. 

Ciocia^, aunt. [^ciazyc. 

cios ^ stroke, blow; squarestone, 
calamity. -ac,vid. c*c*ac'. *.anie7 
squaring. 

Ciosowy f hewn, square ... 

ciotileczny ? irat ^^eczny, coottl^ 



cofa6 

siostra --eczna, (female) cousli^ 
--ka^, aunt., 
cis %' yew ; yew-tree, 
cisawy f chestnut (-coloured), 
cisiikac, •'iiac '^" to throw, cast, 
fling, •.nac ^^ to press, pinch, 
cisnienie " ""pressure, pression 
cisowy f of yew, yew . . . 
Cisza^ stillness, calmness ; quiet; 
~ morska, calm at sea. *.ej "p 
more quietly, 
ciuciubabka, vid. hahka. 
ciuiac '^f to scrape together, 
save up. [hole. 

Ciupa ^, little paltry room, dirty- 
Ciura "^ {dbozowyj blackguard, 
straggler (of an ai-my) ; simpleton, 
ciurkiem **? in a stream. 
cizba ♦i throng, crowd; troop, 
great number. [jpi. 

Cizmy pl.^ half-boots pZ., bluchers 
ckliwiiosc *i nausea, qualm. * yf 
nauseous, qualmish. 
clo " toll, customs-duty, 
cma^, darkness, obscurity; (zo.J 
moth; great number, 
cmentarz "^ churchyard, cemetery. 
cmic "^ to darken, obscure; cmi 
mi sip w oczach, ray head swims, 
cmokliac, -nac ^ to smack (with 
cnota*", virtue. [the lips), 

cnotliwiiosc ^, virtuousness. *.y** 
virtuous. 

cny f honourable, respectable 
CO ^T what; ^ to za cztowiekf 
what a man is this? ^ ci do tego? 
what is that to you? ksiazka, cos 
mi obiecat, the book which you 
promised me ; bit ~ sit, he stroke 
with all his might; • dzicTi, every 
day; -. drugi dzien, every other 
day; -. godzina, hourly; badz -. 
badz, be it as it may, at any*^rate ; 
to wcale ~ innego, that is quite 
another case; ^ tylko, just now; 
tylko ~, vid. omato; tylko -. go 
nie wida6, he will come by and by. 
codzieiiny " of every day, daily, 
cofllac, -nac ^" to withdraw, re- 
tire; call buck; put back, retract; 



cofanie 

tofnac swe siowoj to go hack 
from one's word, withdraw one's 
word. •. • si§ '^r to withdraw, 
retreat. 

cofanie "J withdrawal; revocation. 

cokolwiek ^*T a little, some; 
~ badz, whatever, whatsoever. 

C6ra) vid. corka. 

coraz <*? always ; more and more ; 
~ lepiej, better and better. 

c6rka ^\ daughter. 

corocznilie "^p every year, an- 
nually, yearly, •-y f of every 
year, yearly. 

cos ^^\^ something. 

C6z ^^,^ what? [a bad smell. 

Cuclinac '"V' to smell fusty, have 

cucic '^f to recover from a swoon. 

cud "^ miracle, wonder ; wondrous 
thing, prodigy. 

CUdallcM^odd, queer; fantastical, 
singular, quaint, -.ctwo » odd- 
ness , excentricity , queerness. 
••czyc '"^ to do extravagant 
things, •k'^ odd, whimsical man. 

Cndnllie ^} wonderfully, charming- 
ly- -^y ^ wonderful, marvellous; 
delightful, charming. 

CUdo "I prodigy, wondrous thing. 
<*'tw6rca'^ performer of miracles, 
-^wac, vid. cudaczyc. «»wnOSC^, 
luiraculousness, wonderfulness. 
^•wny ^ miraculous ; performing, 
miracles; astonishing. 

Cudzoi||6ztwo ^ adultery, -^ozni- 
ca^, adulteress, -.ozniczy?^ adul- 
terous. -.6znik™ adulterer. -*.ozki, 
•^-Ozny " bastard; adulterous. 
•-ozyc ""^ to commit adultery. 

cudzoziemllszczyzna ^» foreign 
m an ners. •.ie c'" f oreigner,stranger. 

CUdzy ? other's, other people's; 
foreign. •.si6w^ inverted commas. 

CUg'^ draught of air; team (of 
horses); move (at chess). 

CUgle pl.y reins; popvJcid cugli, 
to give the reins to, give a horse 
the head. 

Cukier ^ sugar ; glowa cukru, loaf 
of sugar; -^ w yd 0M;ac/», loaf-sugar; 



cylindryczny 21 

-. lodowaty, sugar-candy. m.ek ^ 
bonbon, lollipop. «'iiia ^, con- 
fectioner's shop. *.niczka ^, sugar- 
box, •-nik'y confectioner, pastry- 
cook. 

cukrowllac '^f to sweeten with 
sugar, candy, •.y ^ sugary; 
trzcina •-a, sugar-cane ; groch •.y, 
sugar-pea. [meats pi. 

cukry pl-j comfits pi., sweet- 

CUmowac ^^ (mar.) to moor. 

cwat " full gallop, sweeping 
gallop; •-em, w; ~, at a gallop, 
--owac '"'^ to gallop. 

cwejnos, cvajnos^* dog with a 
forked nose, 

cwelicll ^ ticking. 

cwiartka ^, quarter,the fourth part ; 
• cieleciny, quarter of veal. 

cwiczllenie ^ exercise ; instruction ; 
(szkdlnej task, exercise, -.yc ""^ 
to exercise ; train up, instruct, 
drill; chastise, flog. 

cwiek " peg> tack, small nail. 

cwierc V quarter, the fourth part. 

cwierkac "V" to chirp. 

cwiertilnia ^, three bushels (of 
com), -vowac ^f' to quarter, cut 
into four parts. 

cwik "V cunning fellow; beast 
(game at cards). 

cwikta ^, beet-salade ; beet-rooi. 

cyboryum ^ pyx, ciborium. 

cybucn '^ tobacco pipe-stem. 

eye ^ chintz, cotton-stuff. 

eye, -"elf "^ teat, ni*pple, pap. 

cyfrlla ^, number, cipher. •-owac^^ 
to mark with numbers or figures. 

cygan"^ gipsy; cheat, bamboozler. 
--ic '^V' to cheat, bamboozle. *.ka ^, 
(female) gipsy; cheat. 

cyganstwo "J gipsies pi. ; swindle, 

cygaro ^ cigar. [bamboozle. 

cykata ^, candied lemon-peel. 

cyklista ^ bicyclist 

cykorya^, succory. 

cykuta ^, (hot.) hemloc. 

cylinllder™ cylinder; roller; hori- 
zontal watch, -^dryczny ? cylin- 
drical. 



22 



cymbal 



cymbal '^ tooby, simpleton, •y, 

'•'ki pi., cymbal, 
cyna ^, tin. . 
C5ntiadry pl.y kidneys pi. 
cynamon"^ cinnamon, --owy ? 

of cinnamon, clnn<amon. 
cyngiel "^ fu hronipalnejj trigger. 
cynk '^ zinc, spelter. 
Cynober ^ cinnabar. 
C3^owy " (made of) pewter, tin. 
cypel » cape, promontory, 
cyprys '^ cypress, cypress-tree, 
cyranka ^, (omj teal. - 
Cyrk '^ cirque, circus. 
C3rrkl|iel ^ (pair of) compasses i?Z. 

•^lowac '^'^ to measure by means 
Cyrkui ""i district, [of compasses, 
cyrkulacya ^, circulation, 
cyrkulllarz '^ circulatory letters, 

circular, -Mlowac "^f to circulate. 
Cyrulik "^ barber, 
cy sterna f^ cistern. 
cyt *, tist ! husb ! 
cytadela*; citadel. 
cytllat ^ citation, quotation. *0- 

wac ^*? to cite, quote. ' 
cytrlla ^, (muz.) cithara, cittern. 

•-owy ^ citbaristic. 
cytrynlla ^, citron/lemon, '^owyf 

citric, citrine, 
cytrzysta ™ zithem-player. 
Cjrtwar '^ zedoary, wild ginger. 

-owy f of zedoary ; -^owe naaie- 

nie, worm-seed. 
C3rwilizl!aCya ^, civilisation, -vo- 

wac '"^ to civilize, enlighten, 

-"Owany " civilized, refined, 
cywilny ^ civil, private; prawo 

cywUne, civil or common law. 
Czad '^ coal-smoko.*^ 
czaic si§ ^r to lie in wait. 
CZajka^, fom.J lapwing; boat, 
czamarka ^, kind of coat with 

strings instead of buttons, 
czaplleczka ^, biggin, a child's cap 

-ka^, cap. -^OWac'*^^ to cringe; 

cap. 

czapla^. Corn. J heron, hern, 
■jzapniilctwo "I cap^maker's busi- 
ness, •-k "^ cap-niaker. 



czas 

czaprak*? saddle-cloth, housing. 

czar '5 charm, spell, prestige. 

czarlla^, cup, bowl, goblet. .*ka^ 
goblet, little cup, mug. 

Czarci ^ devilish, diabolical. 

czarnillawy f blackish, -.ncbny f 
very black. 

czarno <^p in black, blackly ; -. na 
biatem, under black and white, 
•-brewa ^, woman with black 
eye-brows. 

czarnoksi^ilsM ^ necromantic. 
-^Stwo " necromancy, sorcery. 
-•-znik ^ necromancer, sorcerer, 
magician. 

czarnolloki f black-eyed. -«8C ^ 
blackness. *'Wlosy f black- 
haired, ^-ziem"^ mould, vegetable 
earth. [flower. 

czarmiilclia, -szka ^, n>otJ fennel- 

Czamy ^'" black; czame mySli, 
gloomy forebodings, ideas. 

czarodziej '^ enchanter, sorcerer, 
wizard. .*ka ^, enchantress, sor- 
ceress, witch. •.sM ^ enchanting, 
bewitching, fascinating. *.stWO ^ 
enchantment, witchcraft, 

czarowac ""f to enchant, bewitch, 
fascinate 

czarownliica ^, witch, hag. *ik "^ 
sorcerer, magician, -.y, vid. cza- 
rodziejsM. | diabolical. 

czart^? devil, -.owski ?^ devilldj. 

czarllujacy f charniing, fasci- 
nating." -y pl.f charm, spell, in- 
cantation. 

czas "^ time; weather; '^gram.) 
tense; w sam *,, just in time, in 
the very nick of time; wolwjm 
czaseniy in leisure hoiAs; wswoint 
czasie, in proper time; ci^lde 
czasy , hard times; od czasu do 
czasu'f from time to time, now 
and then; od tego czasu nadal, 
henceforth, henceforward ; gdyhyS 
mnie czasem potrzehowat j if you 
chance to want me; czasera, 
czasami, sometimes; dawnymi 
czasy ^ in the days of yore, in 
olden times. 



czasopismo 

Czasollpismo ^ periodical, maga- 
zine, 'vwac ^'f (gram.J to con- 
jugate, -wanie ^ ((jram.J con- 
jugation, -wnik ij verb, -.wy ^ 
temporary, temporal; transitory, 
fleeting. 

czastklla ^, particle, small share, 
-^bwy ^ partial,' fragmentary., 

Czasza*", drinking cup, bowl. 

czaszka^, skull. __ 

czatowllac ^^ to lie in wait", lurk, 
'•'liik "^ lurker; watchman, 
watcher. 

Czatyp^, outguard ; lookout, watch. 

CZCiiiC ^f to worship, honour, 
reverence. ««ciel "^ worshipper, 
adorer, idolater, -^godny " re- 
spectable, worshipful. 

czcionka <", type, hitter/- 

czczenie " adoration, worship. 

CZCZO ^ '^ j^stem jeszcze na -^, I have 
not yet eaten. -*.sc ^, emptiness, 
vacuity ; fzotadkaj inanition ; fjig.J 
insipidity. 

Czczy " empty, vacuous; vain; 
insipid ; czcza rozmowa, discourse 
void of sense. 

Czeczotka, linnet, flax-finch. 

czego, fgen. od coj wherefore, why. 

czekac^" to wait, stay for, expect. 

czekoladlla \ chocolate, -owy f 
chocolate (-coloured). 

czelalldnik"^ (travelling) journey- 
man. *.dny " cldeb *.dny, house- 
hold-bread; izZ/a -.dlia, servants' 
hall. *.dz ^, servants pl.^ do- 
mestics pi. 

CzelnliOSC *", impudence, imperti- 
nence. -*.y ^ impudent, imper- 
tinent, [the mouth. 

czelusc ^, jaw-bone, cheek-bone ; 

czemu ^^ wherefore, why ; -, nie, 
why not; po ^ iokiec? how much 
the yard? 

Czepliek, -.iec "T hood, cap, coif; 
-. * nocny, night-cap. «.iac '"'^ to 
hang, hasp, -iac sie '"T to liang 
on, stick, cling. 

czepic ^^ to cover with a cap, 

czereda ^. gang of people. 



czesty 



23 



czeremecha ^, bird-cherry. 

czerep ",' pot-sherd ; skull, cranium. 

czeresnia ^, (hot. J chorry-tree; 
morello (cherry). 

Czerkies ^ Circassian ; ffigj dare- 
devil, [black dress. 

czeni ^, mob, rabble ; black colour, 

czerniiiacy f blackening; ffig.) 
calumnious, -•-c ^" to blacken; 
slander, calumniate. •'del ^ 
slanderer, disparager, -.dio ^ 
black dye; printer's ink. *.ec ^'? 
to become black, appear black, 
-►enie ^ blackening; {fig J dis- 
paraging. 

czernina^, a kind of soup. 

czerpac ^^ Cwod^J to draw ; (fig.) 
draw out, take. 

czerstwiliec '^^,* to grow stale; 
Cfig-J^ grow sound and hearty, 
^-osc ^, staleness; good health, 
•-y ^ stale; hale, healthy; chUh 
•-y, stale bread. 

czerw' ™ grub, maggot; ^ drzewnyf 
timber-sow, wood-fretter. 

Czerwiec ™ June. 

czerwiec "^ ('zoj cochineal, coccus. 

czervneljn "^ heart (at cards); 
scarlet, crimson colour, -^-nic ""^ 
to make red, redden. *. •. sie, to 
grower become red, redden, blush. 

czerwonak ^, fom.J flamingo. 

czerwon!lav/y ^ reddish, some- 
what red. -».o "? in red. ^y ^ 
red; *.y ziottj, ducat 

Czesac , to comb; ~ ivein^, to 
comb or to card wool. *. sie '"f 
to dress one's hair. 

Czesc^, worship, honour. 

czesc*", part; share, portion; pifc 
czcsci Siuiata, the five parts of 
the world; po czesci, in part; po 
wiekszej czesci, for the most part. 

cze'sciowy 'J^ partial.' 

CZ^stO ^^ often, frequently, •^kdt^ 
palisade, pale, •.kroc ^? offen- 
times. <*.krotny " frequent, reite- 
rated. -*.sc*", frequency, •.tliwy? 
(gram.J frequentative. 

czesty " frequtnt. 



24 cz§stowa6 

czestowac '^f to treat, entertain. 
CzSawka ^, hiccough, hiccup ; miec 

czkawke, to hiccough. 
Czlon||e£ *? CdaiaJ limb; fsto- 

warzyszeniaj member, -.kowaty f^ 

limbed, membered. 
cziowiellczenstwo ^ humanity, 

humanness ; humankind , man* 

kind, -czy " human. *.k ^ man ; 

*k rozsadny, man of good sense ; 

••k iwiatowy, man of the word, 

fashionable; *.k zacny, a worthy 

man. [hatchell (flax). 

czochrac '*'? to dishevel, touze; 
czdieiiko 7 small boat, cockboat, 
czotgae si§ '^T to creep, crawl; 

crouch, cringe, grovel. 
cz61nek " shuttle. 
czdluo ^ boat, canoe. 
czoio T forehead, front; /^^flrJ 

shame; (iig.) pith; wa cgeZe, at 

the h^ad ; stawic *, to make head 

against, make a stand. •'Wy f^ 

frontal, ^-bitnosc^, submission, 

reverence, 
czop "^y bung, spigot, --ek ^y Jsmall 

bung; suppository, 
czosniiek ^ ^Z»oi.> garlic. ^kO" 

wy " garlicky, 
czterdziesci nwm., forty. 
jCZterdziestllka ^, number of forty ; 

age of forty years, -^-odniowy ? 

forty days long, of forty days. 

-^oletni *f forty years old. •-y ^ 

fortieth. 
Iczterechsetny f four-hundredth, 
cztemallscienwrn., fourteen, •.sty f 

fourteenth. 
czterollletni f four years old. 

•-wiersz '^ quatrain, 
cztery wwm., four, •.kroc, four 

times, •.gta num.^ four hundred, 
cznb, ••ek "? tuft, head of hair; 

crest (of some birds); viiara z 

czubem, heaped measure, •.aty " 

crested, tufted, 
czubic "^f to pull and haul, beat. 

*» sie '^r to scuffle 
czullc Tf to feel; be sensible of; 

scent; (czem J to smell of. •c sig'^r 



czj§cowy 

to feel, •.cie * feeling; sensei 
sensation ; smell, sense of smelling. 

cznjnliie **p watchfully, vigilantly. 
•-osc ^, watchfulness, vigilance. 
*.y ^ watchful, vigilant. 

CZUl|le«'*> tenderly, fondly, •.losc^, 
tenderness, sensibility, fondness. 
*ly f tender, sensible, delicate. 

czuprynlla^. tuft of hair; nUed ia 
-^ie, to be drunk. 

cznpTimy ^ pert, smart. 

czuwaijc ^ to wake, watch, sit 
up; fnad kimj to have a watch- 
ful eye upon, •.nie ^ waking; 
keeping of watchful eye upon. 

Czwartek ^ Thursday; wielki ~, 
Maundy Thiusday, 

czwarty f fourth. 

CZWOrald ? fourfold, quadruple. 
'*<pl., house for four families ; fclio' 
dzicj na czworakach, on all fours. 

Czw6rka ^, number of foiir ; CkoniJ 
team of four horses, fas much. 

C2w6mas6b **? w -», four times 

czworo ^ four, •.boczny? quadri- 
lateral. <«bok "^ quadrangle, 
square. 

czworogran '^ square, quadrate, 
"^iasty " square, quadrate. 

czworokat "' quadrangle, ^ny ^ 
quadrangular. ffooted. 

czworonozny ? quadruped, four- 

czy, ••li, '-'t° -^ widziazT do yon 
see? *»>... m>. . .J either .-. . or. . • 

czyhac ^^ to lie in wait. 

czyj ^T whose, 

czyli f or. 

czyn "^ deed, act, exploit. *.ic ^? 
to act, do. ^-ic si§ ^ to be done. 

czynnllie "? actively, •-ik '^ factor, 
agent. •'OSC^, activity; business; 
employment, affair, -.y *f active, 
busy; stirring, bustling; (gram.) 
czasownik *.y, active verb. 

czynsz "^ rent, •-ownik '^ renter, 
tenant, •-owy ? paying rent. • 

czyrak " furuncle. 

czysllcic "^f^ to clean, cleanse, 
purify, --ciec ™ purgatory. *-co- 
wy f purgatoriaL 



czysto 

CZystllO <*i^ cleanly, ••osc^, neat- 
ness, cleanliness, -vy f neat, clean, 
pure ; chaste ; -^e pole, an open 
field; m.j zysk, net profit. 

Czyszczllacy ? cleaning; purga- 
tive, purging, •.enie 'J cleaning, 
cleansing. [ing, perusal. 

Czytallc ^f^? to read, •-nie " read- 

Czytelllnia ^, reading-room. *.iii- 
Ctwo " reading. *.nie ^^ legibly. 
-^nik^ reader. «*nosc^, legibility. 
•ny " legible. 

czytywac ^fV" to use to read. 

czyz, vid. czy. 

czyz "; C<^m.J green finch, siskin. 



|dab "7 oak; Icon atanai deha, the 
liorse reared (on his* hind legs); 
chiopy jak dphy, tall and robust 
men. *.rowa ^, oak-grove. 

dac "f to give, present with, grant ; 
daj mi pokdj, let me alone, give 
me peace; -» ognia, to fire, dis- 
charge; -. wyohrazenie, to convey 
an idea; dajmy na to, suppose or 
put the case; ^ za wygrana, to 
give up (for lost); ^ moznok, to 
enable ; datby Bdg I would to God ! 

dac ^ to blow. • 8i§ 'T CfigJ to 
elate oneself. 

dach "i; roof, -.arz ™ roofer. 
«*6wka ^, tile, •dwkarz "^ tiler. 

daktyl "5 (lot.) date; date-tree. 

dal, Z '^a, from afar; far. '«ece^^ 
tak •ece, so (that). 

dalei, --ze *, on ! forward I . 

daleklli " far, distant, remote. 
-.0 «? far, far off; by far; z •-a, 
from afar. [continuation. 

dalszy ^ farther, farther; « ciq.g, 

dalibSg "? as I live I 

damlia ^, lady, dame ; ^to warco' 
bachj king ; j^to kartach) spades j?I. 
'^ski ? ladies'. 

dallne i>l., data i>L *,n *? tribute, 
^-nifi "I iivlng; disb, mesa. 



decb 



25 



daniel '^ ^zo.y fallow deer. 
danina, vid. dan. 
dannik ^ tributary vassal, 
dar "^ gift, present; endowment, 

talent. 
darcie " tearing, rending ; ("piorj 

picking, stripping; rheumatism, 
daremnllosc ^, vainness, fruitless- 

ness. -.y ^ vain, fruitless. 
darllemszczyzna *", socage, -.mo «? 

in vain, to no purpose; gratis, 

for nothing, ^^mogad^ sponger, 
dariln, -'iiiiia^i turf, sod, lawn. 

-'iiiowac *^" to cover with turf, 

turf 

daruillowy ? turf. . . -,sty ^ turfy, 
darowllac ^* to make a present ; 

forgive, pardon, '^'izna, donation, 

grant, 
darty ? Cvj herhie panstwa ausir. 

i rosj -orzei, two-headed eagle. 
darzyc ^f to bestow upon one. 



sie 



vr 



prfesent with a thing, 
to thrive, prosper. 

dasllac sie ^r to pout, be in a pet. 
•^y P^-1 pouting, peevish humour. 

daszek'^ rooflet ; fna oczyiu czapkij 

data*", date. [shade. 

datek "^ gift. [the date on. 

datcwac ^'f to date, write down 

dawilca"^ •czyni^, giver, donor. 

dawnlliej "'^ formerly, before; in 
time past, of old. -o "? long 
ago, long since ; z dawien -*.a, of 
old. -OSC ^, times past by; an- 
cientness, oldness. *y f former; 
old, ancient, long past; po da- 
wnemuy as it was of yore. 

dazllenie " --nose \ tendency, 
endeavour. *yc ^? to make to- 
wards; tend. 

dbali'c ^^ to mind, care, heed; 
nie «.in o tOy I do not care about 
it. *> j:osc ^, mindfulness, careful- 
ness, heedfulness. 4*ly ^. mindful, 
careful, heedful. 

debllczak'^ young oak-tree, oak- 
ling. -,ic ^f to tan. -.Ina \ oak- 
forest, -.owy " oaken. 

dech ™ breath; co tchu, as fast 



26 decydowa6 

as possible; jednym tchem, at a 
stretch. 

decylldowac ""? to decide, deter- 
mine, m, «. si§ "*^r to come to a 
determination, •.dujaco "^ deci- 
sively. -»zya ^» decision, deter- 
mination. __ 

dedykliacya ^, dedication.*-owac^" 
to dedicate, consecrate. 

defekt ^ deficiency, defect, im- 
perfection -'Owny *?■ defective, 

deficyt "IJ deficit. [imperfect. 

defilllada ^, defile, 'march -past. 
-owac ^? to defile, file off, 

. march-past. 

defiiii!lcya ^, definition, •-owac^? 
to define, determine with pre- 
cision. 

defraudacya ^, defraudation. 

degrad'Jacya ^, degradation. *.o- 
wac '"f to degrade, lower. 

deka ^, fna koniaj housings pi. ; 
cover, coverlet. 

deklamilacya *", declamation, elo- 
cution, -wacyjny ^ declamatory. 
-wowac "^^i^f to declaim. 

deklarl.'acya ^, declaration, an- 
noimcement; proposal of mar- 
riage. *owac '^f to declare, 
make known; ftoxcaryj to enter 
at the custom-house. 

deklinacya^, Cgram.j declension; 
Castr.J declination. 

dekokt ^ decoction. 

dekret "^ decree, sentence. 

delegllacya ^, delegation.-owac^^ 
to delegate, depute. 

delfin '^ C^o.j delphin. [tooth. 

delikacik ^, tenderling; sweet- 

delikatnllie ^? delicately, nicely. 
-*OSC ^, delicacy, fineness ; tender- 
ness, softness, delicacy of feeling. 
*yy ;'' dehcate, fine; tender of 
feeling. 

demaskowac ^f to unmask. «. 
sie, (fig-) to be found out. 

demokrallcya ^, democracy, -.ta ™ 
democrat, ••tycznie ^^ demo- 
' cratically. --tyczny ^ democra- 
tic(al). 



dezinfektowad 

demonstracya ^, demonstration, 

manifestation. 

demoralizowac ^^ to demoralise. 
densr ^ denarius, 
denko "^ bottom ; lid. 
dentysta "^ dentist, 
denuncyllacya ^, denunciation, \xk-> 

formation. -^owac ^^ to de* 

nounee (one). 

departament '^ district, depart- 
ment. *owy ?• departmental. 
deportowac *^*? to deport, banish, 
depozyt "!? deposit, 
deptac '^^" to tread upon, trample 

(under feet). 

deptak "^ treadmill, fullery 
deputacya^, deputation, 
deputat ",' emolument, allowance 

of wood or in kinds. [tative. 
deputowany '^ deputy, represen- 
dera^, horse-cloth, 
deresz, rubican horse, 
derkacz "^ Com.) landrail, 
derwisz "IJ dervis. 
desen "^ pattern. 
deska ^, plank, board ; do grohowe} 

deski, till death itself 
desperallcya ^, desperation,despair. 

*t 'y desperado. 
despotlla "^ despot, tyrant, -.y- 

czny " despotic(al). -i.yzm ™ 

despotism. 

destylowac, vid. dystylowao. 
deszcz "^ rain; ^ jpada, it rains; 

~ droiny pada, it drizzles ; ^ wZe* 

wny, downpour, violent shower 

(of rain), -^ochroil ^ umbrella. 

'•'OWy " rainy, wet, showery j 

woda <».owa, rain-water. 
deszczTitka ^, little plank, 
determinacya ^, determination; 

firm resolution, resoluteness, 
dfty^ blown; hollow; instrument 

~, wind-instrument, 
dewolicya ^, devotion, piety. -»tka ^ 

female devotee. 

dezerter IJ deserter, -.owac ^? 

to desert, run away, 
dezinfekllcya ^, disinfection, «*tO« 

wac '"f to disinfect. 



djabeJ 

djabliei" devil, the evil one; c6z u 
djabia! what the deuce; co nagle, 
to jpo djable, what is done in a 
hurry is good for nothing.-^etek ™ 
imp, devilkin. --elny f devilish, 
diabolical, ^-elski ? satanical, 
•'lica*', devilish woman. 

dla ^^ for; ~ czego? why? ~ 
tego? therefore; ~ mUoSci Bogaj 
for God's sake; ^ t ego ze, be- 
cause. 

dlawic ""^ to strangle, suflTocate. 
'*• si§, to swallow too fast, choke. 

dioii ^, palm (of the hand); hand; 
jasno jak na dloni, it is clear 
and evident. [sel, gouge. 

dt6to ^ chisel, -.wac ""f to chi- 

dtabalic ^ to scoop, pare, pick; 
•.C to zpbach^ to pick one's teeth. 
A'CZka ^, tooth - pick. , *-nina ^, 
tedious, slothful work. ' 

dtngr^ debt; *,i robic, to con- 
tract debts; popaJ6 to •»!, to in- 
cur d^ts. 

dhiglll f long, protf acted, •-o «*<> 
long; lengthily, v^oletni f long- 
lived, longeval, of many years. 
-onogi f long-legged, •osc <i 
length; — geogrra/'iczna, longitude, 
••oszyi f long- necked, -►owie- 
CZnosc^, longevity. 

dtuz^, iv *, in length. 

dJllzej, comp. od dtugo. 

dtuzniiiczy ? ■ debtors'. ^k "i; 
debtor, •-y ^ owing, indebted. 

dlnzliyc sif T ^i^- zadluzac sip; 
•.y mi sip, I want pastime. 

dnmch ^ blast, pufif. •.ac, --nac ^V' 
to blow ; -*.^ komu to kaszc, . to 
meddle in other people's, affairs, 
^-awka ^, blow - pipe , blowing- 
pipe. 

dnillec ^f to dawn, -.dwka', a 
day's stay. •rOwy f day . . ; day- 

dno 7 bottom. [long, 

d(f P^, to ; at ; ckodzic -. szkoty, 
to frequent the school; przybyc 
^ Warazawyj to arrive at War- 
saw ; ^ czego zmierzasz f what have 
you in view? ~ szczptu^ down to 



dobrodziejstwo • 27 

the ground; rat ~ roku, once a 
year; ta suknia tobie -. twarzy, 
that robe suits you well; tyze- 
czka ~ herbaty, tea-spoon. 

doba^, day (24 hours); occasion, 
time. 

dobadilac sif , -^ywac si§ "^f to 
discover by inquiring, find out. 

dobiljc, '"jac ^" to give the last 
blow ; «.c do Icdu, to get ashore, 
land; •c targu, to settle a bu- 
siness, make a bargain, -.c sif ^ 
(ezegoj to gain (by fighting), 
acquit' 

dobieIldz,-'*grac ^?? to gain (one's 
end); reach by running; ap- 
proach ; juz rok dohiega, the year 
is coming to a close. 

dobliierac, -rac ^^ to make up 
for, supplement; to match; •ie- 
rac sip do czego ^ to get at a 
thing. 

dobijac sie ^f ^o coJ to strive, 
seek for: fopannpj to court, woo; 
m.m, do drztoi, to knock at the door 
strongly. 

dobitka ^, last blow ; na dnlitkp 
ztego, to complete the misfortune. 

dobitnllie "f expressively, ener- 
getically. rOSC^, expressiveness, 
energy, -.y f expressive, em- 
phaticaL 

dobii'dr" choice, selection. »oro- 
wy ^ exquisite, first-rate, select. 

dob6sc ^" to hurt, injure. 

dobosz " drummer. 

dobra pl.y estate, fortune; « nie' 
ruchome, immovables' jjI. 

dobrany '^ chosen, matched. 

dobro "J good, weal, -byt '^ com- 
fort, welfare, -c *", goodness, 
bounty, -czynca "7 benefactor. 
^-Czynnosc *i beneficence, bene- 
faction, charity, -^czyniiy ^ be- 
neficent, charitable. 

dobrodTlszlllloSC ^, kind-hearted- 
ness, plainness, -.y f good-na- 
tured, simple. 

dobrodziej ™ benefactor, •.ka ^, 
benefactress. *stwQ ^ benefit. 



28 dobrotliwo§6 

dobrotliwilosc ^, goodness, kind- 
ness, •.y ^ kind, good. 

dobrowolnllie **? of one's free 
will, spontaneously, voluntarily. 
••08C ^, free will, spontaneity. 
•»y f free, voluntary, sponta- 
neous, fing. 

dobnidzllac, --ic ""^ to finish dirt- 

dobllry " good; good-natured; 
kind , charitable , benevolent ; 
dzien '^TJ ! good morning ! ••rze "•? 
■well; right(ly); thouroughly. 

dobudowac """ to build an annex. 

dobudzic si§ ^r to succeed in 
awaking one, awake one. 

dobyllc "^^ to stay or remain to 
a certain time; draw, pull out; 
ftwierdzy etc.) to conquer, occu- 
py. -C 8i§ ^ vid. dolywad sip. 
••Cie "J drawing out; ftwierdzyj 
occupation. 

dobytek'^ domestic cattle; pro- 
perty, goods pi. 

dobyty *? drawn. 

dobywac "^f to draw; occupy, 
conquer. »> sie '"'^ to enter by 
force. 

docli||<3d^, income, revenue, •.od- 
ny " profitable, gainful, lucra- 
tive, fgation, scrutiny. 

docbodzenie ^ inquiry, investi- 

dochodzic ''^^? to approach; in- 
quire, scrutinize. 

dochowllac, ^yw2kC ^f to keep, 
observe; preserve, •-ac sif ^T 
to rear, breed, bring up. 

docbrapec sie ^f to obtain a 
thing with efforts. 

docillac, •'Iiac ^f ^ to finish cutt- 
ing; Ykomu) to taunt, chaflf. 

dociagllac, -^nac ^^? to draw as 
far as, tighten ; to go as far as, 
reach. 

dociellc, ~kac ^^ to research by 
investigation, inquire into. *.ka- 
nie ^ research, inquiry, investi- 
gation. 

dollcierac, -'trzec ^^ to finish 
pounding; draw near a place. 

docinek ^ taunt, jeer, scoff. 



dogra6 

docislikac, -'iiac "^^ to throw to, 
throw as fas '^ as. <»>iiac sig *T 
to penetrate. 

doczekac si§ ""f to wait for one 
till he comes; live to see. 

doczellsnie ^^ temporally, tran- 
siently. •'Snosc^, temporalness, 
worldliness. *.sny " temporal,, 
transient. [pletely. 

doczyscic sie ""f to clean corn- 
do czyt! lac, -ywac ^f to read to 
tbe end, to read through. 

dodallc, •'Wac ^^ to add; --6 
•serca, to cheer up, encourage. 

dodalltek *? supplement, appen- 
dix, addition, ^tkowy " addi- 
tional, supplenientary. •-tni ^ 
advantageous ; positive, •-wanie « 
addition. 

dolldrzec, --dzierac ""^ to tear 
completely, wear out of use. 

dodusic ^f to finish strangling. 

dodzwonic si§ ^f to ring the 
bell till the call has effect; nie 
moge sie nikogo *, I ring the bell 
in vain. 

dogadllac si§ ^f fczego) to draw 
down upon oneself; (z kimj to find 
out by inquiring, -.ywac "^^ T^o- 
rauj to taunt. 

dogadzllac "^^ to humour, gra- 
tify; flatter. «*"^sobie, to make 
oneself comfortable, 

doganiac '"^ to overtake. 

dcgladaljc ^f' to oversee, super- 
intend; •.c choregoy to nurse a 
sick person, -ruie ^ inspection, 
superintendence. 

dogmat ^ dogma. -»yczny ? dog- 
matic! al). 

dogodnliie "^ conveniently, com- 
modiously, *.osc^, convenience, 
accommodation, -y f conve- 
nient, commodious 

dogodzic, vid. dogadzai. 

dogonic '^^ to overtake. 

dogorywac "V" to be breathing 
one's last, die away. [ficiently. 

dogotowac ^^ to boil, cook suf- 

dograc ^" to finish playing 



dogryzac 
dogrllyzac, -yzc ^f to finish 

gnawing; 'ig.j komuy to taunt, 
chaff one. 

dogrzebac sig ^f to get a thing 
by digging ; (fig.) to obtain with 
much labour. [fleece. 

doic '"^ to milk (cows); (fig J 

doigrac sig "^r to draw down 
upon oneself some disagreeable- 
ness by frivolity. 

doj '^ dojenie 7 milking. 

dojilac, ^mowac ^f komu, to 
wound a person's feeling. 

dojliechac,.-ezdzac "^^ to arrive 
at, to come to ; Cfig.) komu, vid. 
dojac. 

doj esc *"? to finish eating; nie «, 
to starve, to suffer hunger. 

dojezdzacz "IJ the master of the 
hounds. 

ddjka^, dairy-maid; milch-cow; 
milk- pail. 

dojmowac, vid dojac- 

dojny " milky, milchy; krowa 
dojna, milch-cow. 

dojrzajlle «? ripely, maturely. 
-^lOSC^, ripeness, maturity, ma- 
tureness. •-iy ^ ripe, mature. 

dojrzellc, -wac ^^ to ripen, come 
to maturity. 

dojrzec ^? to oversee, look to; 
perceive, descry, catch a sight. 

dojsc *"" to get to (a place), ar- 
rive; find out. 

dokad «*J whither. 

dokadkolwiek «? whithersoever. 

dokazac ^? to attain; * sioego, to 
accomplish one's design, carry 
the point or bring it about. 

dokazjrwac ^? to play foolish 
tricks, to cause a nuisance. 

doktadac ""f to put to, add ; con- 
tribute ; ~ staraUf to bestow pains, 
endeavour. 

dokiadn'ie <*^ exactly, accura- 
tely. <*r'osc ^, accurateness, exact- 
ness, -.y f accurate, exact. 

dokola <*^ all around, all about. 

dokoiatac sif ^r to gain by en- 
ti'eaties. 



doJkowaty 29 

dokonallc '"^ to accomplish, bring 
to a conclusion ; execute, •.nie 7 
accomplishment, execution, com- 
pletion. *.ny ^ completed, finish- 
ed, performed ; f gram. J czas prze- 
sziy -^ny, preterperfect. 

dokonczllenie ^ termination, con- 
clusion, -yc ■"? to finish, ter- 
minate, end. 

dokopac '*'" to finish digging; 
find by digging. 

doktllor"^ physician, doctor; ••or 
teologii, doctor of divinity, •.or- 
ski ^ doctoral, -orstwo "J doc- 
torship, doctorate. . •'Oryzowac 
sie ^r to take a doctor's de- 
gree. 

dokuczllac, -yc ""f to vex, tease, 
annoy, -.liwy f vexing, annoy- 
ing. 

dokument 'IJ document, --nie **? 

•certainly, -.ny f documentary, 
certain. 

dokupic ^f to buy more. 

d61: "^ pit, bottom; groundfloor; 
isc na ~, to descend ; z dotu, from 
beneath; na dole, down, below. 

dola^, luck, lot, fortune. 

dolllac, --ewac '"f to pour to. 
fill up. 

dolaczilac, •-yc ^? to annex, sub- 
join, •-ony f enclosed. 

dolllatac, -veciec ^? to come fly- 
ing, reach flying. 

dolegllac ^^ to ail, cause pain, 
•-liwosc ^, sore, ailment, pain, 
•"liwy ?^ ailing, painful. 

dotek ™ little pit or hole ; ft/ 
twarzyj dimple; dotki pod kim 
kopac, to lay a snare to one. 

doleT^Iek ^ ^ka ^, Uquid adde«, 
or poured to. 

dolezc ^? to get to a place (creep- 
ing etc ). [a certain iimtu 

dolezec '^ to remain lying up U 

dolicziiyc, --ac "^^ to supplemen*^ 
to add what was wanting, cou^i^ 
up. •- sif, to keep account. 

dolina^, valley, dale. 

dolkowaty ? full of pits; dimply 



80 



dolman 



dolman '^ dollman. 

dolny " lower, nether. 

dom "^ house, home; dwelling; 
family, lineage ; hyc to domu, to 
be at home ; ~ zajezdny, inn, pu- 
blic house ; ~ publiczny, bawdy 
house; ^ poprawy, the house of 
correction. [importune. 

domagac sie'^f to demand, eluim ; 

domator™ a^stay-at-home.^-stwo" 
sendentary life. 

domawiac ^" to finish speaking. 
"^ sif ^r to J^sk, solicit by indi- 
rect conveyance. 

domek ^ small house. 

domiar '',' na ~ ineszczesda , to 
complete the misfortune. 

domierz'[aC -^yc '^^^ to mete out. 

domieszac ^ , to admix. 

domieszkac '^V" to dwell, stay till 
a certain time- 

domino "! (maska i graj domino. 

domniemilanie ^ surmise, con- 
jecture, •-any " pretended, sup^ 
posed. x^jwSiC sie T to surmise, 
suppose, conjecture. 

domorosly ? home-bred. 

domostwo ^ dwelling-house; 
household, family. 

dom6wi||c, vid. domawiad. •'enie ^ 
conclusive speech. 

domowllnik '^ inmate, (fellow-) 
lodger, ^y ^ domestic, home; 
wojna ••a, civil war. 

d omurowac'^" to add to a building. 

domyc sif ^f to succeed in washing 
away (a spot). 

domyllsf^ guess, conjecture, •-slac 
si§ ^f to guess, conjecture, sur- 
mise, -..slnie ^} conjecturally. 
•-slnosc ^', the gift of guessing 
right, presentiments pL *.slliy " 
guessing, sagacious. • 

don = do niego. 

donacya^i donation. 

donilica ^, baking -^ dish ; pot. 
-"Czka*", pot, fliower-pot. 

donlliesc, -'Osic ^? to carry to, 
reach ; let know, inform ; send 
word; denuueiate. <*iesienie " 



dopommad si§ 

information, intelligence: de« 
nuneiation. 

doniszczyc ^f to wear out by 
use; destroy thoroughly. 

donosiciel ^, -^ka ^, informer; 
denunciator. 

donosnilosc ^, range, reach, •.y f 
of a long range. 

doorac '^^ to finish ploughing. 

dopaildac, -^sc ""Vf to come up 
running; seize, catch; overtake. 

dopalllac, -ic^" to' finish burning. 

dopatilrywaCj'^rzyc'^? to oversee ; 
search, inquire. , 

dopedzllac, *'ic^'"^ to overtake. 

dopeiniliacV -C '^^ to fulfil, ac- 
complish , perform ; make up, 
fill up ; «,ac wszelkicli formalnosci, 
to go through all the form ah ties, 
•-enie "J fulfilment, accomplish- 
ment; filling 

dopili'ac, «^nac ^f ta button up, 
buckle; -.ac swegOf to attain 
one's ends. *" 

dopil|c,~jac^f to finish drinking; 
make emptj'', empty. 

dopiellc, ~kac ^? to bake or roast 
sutficieutly ; ffig.J -*c komu, to 
tease, nettle one. 

dopiecie ^ gaining, attaining (of 
one's ends). 

dopiero "-? just now, but now; 
~ ivtenczas, not till then ; a coz 
~ gdy, so much the more so when. 

dopilnowac "^f to see a thing 
done, look ;:ftor. *. sie '^f to be 
on one's guard, be wi'de-awake 

dopisllac, ^ywac'^? to add writing ; 
finish writing; szczescie mu dopi- 
salo, he has been successful. 

dopisek ^ additional note, post- 
script. 

dopiallcac, -cic ^" to pay more. 
*.ta^, additional payment. 

dopiynac ^'f to reach a place hy 
swimming or sailing; flow to. 

dopok!|ad, -'i ^^ as long as, till. 

dopoJ^Ucinie ^ forenoon. 

dopominac sig ^f to claim, laj 
i a claim. 



dopomodz 

dopom!I6dz, -^agac '"? fkomuj to 
help, assist; concur, contribute. 
-.Ozenie ^ helping, assistance. 

dop6ty <^? & ? till now, till then ; 
till, until. 

dopraszac sie ""7 *o entreat. 

doprawdy <^<<)''earnestly, indeed. 

doprosic sie ^V to obtain by 
entreaties. 

doprowadz'lac, •'ic ^^* to lead or 
conduct to a place; -».ic do konca, 
to bring to an end ; •^ic do skuiku, 
to carry into effect. 

dopuilscic, --szczac ^? to admit. 
-• ~ si§ (CzegON to commit, per- 
petrate, 'fcszczenie ^ admission; 

hozkie, God's visitation, m, ^ 

sie "J perpetration. 

dopytliac si§ T to discover by 
inquiring. »ywac sie ^f to in- 
qucro after, make inquiry for. 

dorabiac ^f to finish a work; 
finish ATOrking. m, sie, to earn 
by labour, gain mon^; * mu- 
zykf. do spieicu, to set a song to 
music. 

dorachowac sie^fto keep account. 

doradczy " giving advice, con- 
sultative. 

doradzilac, -^ic ^f to give advice, 
-ca '? adviser, counsellor. 

dorastac ""? to grow up. 

dorazny ^ immediate. 

doreczllac, -^-yc """ to deliver. *e "I 
na '"'^'M, at hand. 

dorob'Iek "^ acquest, acquisition, 
•.ic '■'^ vid. dorahiac. --kiewicz '^ 
upstart, •'kowy " got or acquired 
by labour. 

doroczny f annual. 

dorodnllosc *", a fine stature, 
beauty. *.yf^ well-shaped, stately. 

dorosty " full-grown, grown-up, 
adult. 

dorolisc, -snac '"V^ to grow up; 
to match in seize. 

dorowilnac, *nywac ^f to equal, 
be adequate; nie ^^nac, to fall 
short of. 



dosl'U2:yc 



31 



'doroJl^a ', hackney-coach, cab. 
-rz "' cab-driver, cabman. 

dorozumielic sie, ^wac sie ^f to 
guess, conjecture. 

dorsz '^ /"zoj codling. 

dorwac si§ ^ to get at a thing, 
catch, snatch. 

dorywczJiO "j^ by jerks, by fits 
and starts, -.y ^ occasional, done 
by jerks. 

dorzeczniiosc ^, reasonableness, 
-^y "reasonable; proper, suitable. 

dorz!!ezac, -nac, -ynac "^ to 
finish cutting-; despatch by 
cutting. 

dorzullcac, ••cic '"f to throw to. 

dorzynki pL, harvest-home. 

dosadnllosc^, expressiveness, ener- 
gy. *.y ^/ expressive, precise. 

dosC; vid. dosyc. 

dosciglliy " attainable, -.iiac ^f 
to overtake, reach. 

dosi " ~ ego Rnkuf (I wish you) 
a happy New-Year! 

dosillac, •.ewac "^f to finish 
sov/ing. 

dosili'adac, -'asc ''^ — konia, to 
moimt on horseback. 

dosiiladz, -•'egac, -^egnacj^^ to 
reacti, lay liold of. 

dosiedziec ''^^ to remain seated up 
to an appointed moment ; nie mogp 
~, I can't stand it any longer. 

dosiellgly, •'Zny ? attainable. 

dosklloczyc, •-akiwac ^''^ to reach 
by jumping or leaping, leap to. 

doskona!!lenie, •< *' sie V per- 
fection, improvement. ».lic ''^f to 
perfect) improve, •.lose ^, per- 
fection, -.iy ^ perfect, proficient, 
accomplished. [ment, vex. 

doskwierac '"V' CkovmJ to tor- 

dosledzic sie ^f fczegoj to ex- 
plore,^ get to the bottom of. 

dosiac, vid. dosyiac. 

dosJrownilie «? literally, word for 
word. *.jr ^ literal, verbal. 

dosVuchac '^^ to hear to the end. 

doslullgiwac, -zyc ^7 to serve 
one's time. -'Zyc sie ^f fkapi- 



32 dos}ysze6 

ta-Astwa etc. J to be promoted (to 
the captainship etc.). 

dosiyszec ^" to hear well; nie -»,, 
to be dull of hearing. 

dOBOlic ^" to salt sufficiently. 

dosllpaCj-ypiac'^? to sleep enough. 

dospiewac , ? to finish a song, 
sing to the end. 

dosrodkowy f centrifugal. 

dosrubowac ^" to screw on, 
screw entirely. 

dostallc, --wac '"JV' to reach, at- 
tain; get, acquire; keep one's 
ground; m.ckataru, to catch cold; 
<^Cioskure^ to be horsewhipped; 
*,C sip dokad, to get to a place; 
vc sip do rak czyicht' to fall into 
one's hands. 

dostallc ^V" -^c 8i§ "V to grow ripe, 
ripen. -.Jy f ripe. 

dostllapic, -'fpowac "^^ to ap- 
proach; obtain, gain, attain. 

dostarljczac, •'Czyc ^^ to provide, 
supply, furnish with. 

dostatecznilosc *", sufficiency. *.y ^ 
sufficient, competent. 

dostatljek '^ wealth, affluence; 
miec czego <*kiein, to abound in. 
*.ni ^ large, wide enough ; opulent. 

dostawlja *i furnishing, delivery 
(of goods) ; /'ma^^ cosine, •-ca 'IJ 
purveyor, contractor, •-iac, ^-ic^? 
to deliver, furnish; fw grzej to 
stake higher. *«ka^, delivery (of 
goods); (10 grzeJ sum added to 
the stake. 

dostfpnilosc ^, easy access, accessi- 
bility, -y ^ accessible, attainable. 

dostojflenstwo "J dignity, high 
rank, -^nik ™ dignitary. -,ny " 
eminent, right honourable,august. 

dostroic '"f to finish tuning. 

dostrzeljdz, -gac '^f to perceive, 
descry. <^galny f perceivable, 
perceptible. '%.zenie 7 perception. 

doswiadczjlac , -yc '^^ to ex- 
perience, try; endure, suffer; 
fkogoj to put to the test, test, 
-^alny " experimental, -^anie '", 
trying, experimentation, -enie" 



dotykanie 

experience, practice, -►ony * 
tried , tested ; experienced, 
knowing. 

dosyc <*? enough, sufficiently; ai 
nad to ~, enough and to spare. 

dosylac ^^ to send to. 

dosypllac, -ywac '^? to fill up, 
pour to. *.ka \ over-measure, 
surplus. [completely, 

doszczetu**? down to the bottom, 

doszukac sif T to find (a thing) 
after long searching, discover. 

dotad <^p to this place; till now. 

dotmwllosc ^, sensibleness ; pain- 
fulness, grievousness. '"j^ sen- 
sible; painful, grievous. 

dotjlknac, --ykac ^? to touch; 
Cfig.J to mention ; (fig. J to move ; 
afflict,^ visit with, -.knac si§, 
•-ykac si§ ^f to tou^h, handle, 
^kniecie",' contact, touch ; ^Ze/cftie^ 
grazing, -kni^ty f touched; 
moved, struck; aftlicted. 

dotlllec ^? *lic sif '"X to cease 
glimmering, glimmer to the end. 

dotloczyc '"'? to finish pressing 
(the grapes etc.). >*, si§ '"X to force 
one's way through the crowd. 

dotoczyc "^ to roll to. •. si? 
(dokadj, to stagger to. 

dotrwallc "^^ to persevere, hold 
out; last, be protracted, •-nie » 
perseverance. 

dotrzec, vid. doderac. 

dotrzezwic si§ ^f to sober, re- 
cover from a swoon. 

dotrzyTnllac, -'ywac '"^ to hold 
fast, maintain, keep to the end; 
•-ac placu, to keep one's ground; 
•-ac stowa, to keep one's word. 

dotychczas ^^ till now, till the 
present day. 

dotyczllyc si§ T -ec "^^ to re- 
gard, concern ; to sie mnie nie -^y, 
it is no concern of mine. 

dotykac, vid. dotknac. 

dotykalnjlosc <i palpability, •y ^ 
palpable, tangible. 

dotykanie " the sense of feeling; 
cofttact, feeling. 



doucza6 

donczilac, -^-yc ""^ to teach thou- 
roughly -*ac sig ^V to finish 
learning. 

dowai&llac, ^yc "^"f to weigh out; 
nie •-ac, to weigh wrong, 

dowcip "J wit, genius, wits pi. 
'^ek ™ >>ad joke, flat wit; wit- 
ling, •.kowac ^^ to crack jokes, 
affect wit. -kowanie 7 affecting 
wit. •-nis^ witling, -•^nosc *", witti- 
ness, wit. •ny ? witty ; ingenious. 

dowi||ad3rwrac sif, '••edziec sif ^f 
to inquire; learn, get information. 

dowidziec ""^^ perceive; nie *, to 
be short-sighted. [strated. 

dowiedziony *? proved, demon- 

dowiercic "f to bore out. m. sif ^r 
to find by boring. 

dowierzallc "V to trust, confide; 
nie -.c icomu, to distrust one. 
*jacy ? confident, trustful. 

dowliiesc, -odzic ^? to prove, 
show, demonstrate. 

dowlliezc, -^ozic ^? to carry to, 
convey to, transport. 

dowle !c, -^kac ^" to drag to. *.c 
sie ^r to come trudging. 

dowliiec, '»'16czyc ^" to finish 
harrowing. [monstration. 

dow(3d "^ proof; argument; do- 

dowodlly i>i., evidencespZ. *liwy f 
provable, demonstrable. 

dowodnllie "^? convincingly, evi- 
dently. -vOSC^, cogency, weighti- 
ness. •y " convincing. 

dow6dzl!ca "^ chief, commander, 
-"two "J Cmil.J command. 

dowodzilenie " • demonstration, 
argumentation, -.ic ^f fmil.J to 
command, lead; vid. dowieSc. 

dowojowac si§ ^r to obtain or 
achieve by fighting ; draw down 
upon oneself by fighting. , 

dowoiac sie '"X to reach by calling. 

dowolnlfie "? at (your) pleasure, 
ad libitum.* 08C *"♦ arbitrariness, 
•-y ^ arbitrary, spontaneous. ' 

dowll6z ^ importation, carriage, 
conveyance, •ozic, vid. dowiez6. 

doza^. dose. 

Czfsc polsko-angielska. 



dramaturgia 33 

do4a "^ doge. 

dozllac, •'ynac '"f finish the hai> 
vest! [ging. 

dozebrac sif "^f to attain by beg- 

dozgac ^" to give the last blow. 

dozgonny f lasting till death, 
for life. 

doziemny f » punkt, perigep., 

dozierac, vid. dogladad. 

doznallc, -wac ^^ to experience; 
endure, undergo. 

doz6r " superintendence, in- 
spection, tuition. 

dozorlica ^ overseer, inspector. 
-'Czyni ^, inspectress.».ny " watch- 
ful, vigilant ; careful, circumspect, 
••owac ^f to oversee, superintend, 
-^owanie 7 inspection, super- 
intendence. 

dozostwo ^ dogate. 

dozrzaiy etc., vid. dojrzaiy. 

dozwllalac, -olic "^^ to let, per- 
mit, allow, -olenie^ consent, 
acquiescence. *olony ? allowed, 
permitted. _ 

dozyc ^V' to experience, live to see. 

dozynki pi., harvest-home. 

dozywollcie \ pension granted for 
life; annuity, life-rent; jointure, 
•"tni ^ for life, •.tniczka ^, dow- 
ager, •■tnik'^ possessor of a join • 
ture. 

drab ^ strapping fellow. •.anflJ 
satellite, halberdier; kind of dance. 

drabie pi-, waggon-ladder, (cart-) 
rack. 

drabinlla^, ladder, •-iasty?' ladder- 
shaped ; woz — , ladder-waggon. 

drabkafi ladder. 

drabowac ^f fkoniaj to put into 
a trot; ffig.J to satirise. 

drachma ^, drachm. 

drag ^ pole, long staff, perch, 
-•al ^ a tall awkward booby. 

dragan"^ CfigJ dragon (woman); 
Com.) strand-snipe, -ek " (lot.) 
tarragon, -.t^ ^6of.; goat's- thorn. 

dragon '^ dragoon, •ia ^, dra- 
goons pi. 

dramat "^ drama. ••Tirgia ^, drama-* 

8 



34 dramatyczno^S 

turgy. *ycznosc ^, dramatic 
character, -yczny ?* dramatic, 
•.yk ^ dramatist. _ 

dran^, worst, trash; lath. 

dranica^i lath. 

drapallc ""^ to scratch, scrape. 
-^cz"^ Cfig-J scraper; (T>otJ faller'a 
thistle. -'Czka^, scraper; horse- 
comb, -viiina^, scramble, •-k ^ 
dad •'ka, to run away. 

drapichrust "^^ vagabond. 

drapiez ^, drapiestwo "I plunder- 
ing), i^ca "^ plunderer, extorter. 
••-IIOSC^, rapacity, -..ny " rapa- 
cious ; ptak ••ny, bird of prey. 

drapnac ^** to run away, take to 
one's '^heels; vid. drapac. 

drasnllac ""^ to graze or scratch 
lightly*" the skin, •i^cie^ scratch- 
ing; scratch, [pitched thread. 

dratwa ^, shoe- maker's thread, 

drazliek ^ small pole, stick, -.ko- 
wy " brevet , . / 

drazliwilosc *", irritability, sensi- 
tiveness, •.y " irritable, sensitive. 

draznillacy ^ irritating, ^c "^^ --c 
siq^^ fz kirn J, to irritate ; provoke, 
tease, -renie " irritation. 

draznik "^ porter. 

drazyc "f to hollow out, excavate. 

dreczilamia ^, torture-room. ««e- 
nfe ♦ tormenting, mortification. 
•yc ""f to torment, torture, vex. 
•-yc si§ ^r to grieve, be grieved. 
«^yciel 'y tormenter, torturer, 
harasser. 

drelicll *? ticken, ticking, 

drepllcic, -•-tac ^" to trip, mince. 

dreszcz "I chill, shudder. 

dr^tki f sour, acrid 

dretwa ^, fzo.j cramp-fish. 

drf twiiic ^? to blunt, •.iec ^? to 
blunt, grow stiff. «.ienie V stiff- 
ness; blunting, •.ik'^^zoj cramp- 
fish, •ry ^ blunt, bluntish. 

drewllienko " small piece of wood. 
*.ka pl-t fire-wood. -*niak ™ fzo.J 
wood-fretter. •-niany f ,wooden, 
ligneous. «*niasty ? (o roUinieJ 
stringy, •-niec ^\'' to become woo- 



dy. *.nik " wood-house. *,no t 
piece of wood. 

drgilac, -nac "^f to throb, quiver, 
palpitate. ''*.anie, -^niecie \ pal- 
pitation, convulsion. '"- 

dr6b ^ poultry, fowl. 

drobianka^, cold beer-soup. 

drobiazg '^ trifle, slight matter; 
little children. •-OWOSC ^» minute- 
ness, -owy " minute, petty, fri- 
volous. 

drobic ^f to mince, crumble. 

dr6bki pi., giblets pi. 

drobniiiec ^^* to grow small, ^iu- 
chny, •'iutki ^ diminutive, tiny. 
•-0 "^p smally. -xOSC^, sraallness, 
littleness, ^ostka^, trifle, small 
matter, ••owidz ^ microscope. 
*y ^ small, slight, minute. 

dr6cia!|ny ? wiry, made of wire. 
-*rz '^ wire-drawer. 

droga^, way, road; journey; 2 dro' 
gi! look out ! have a care ! ~ rozstaj' 
nay cross-road ; ~ zelazna, railway. 

drogili ^ dear, precious, valuable ; 
expensive, -o "? at a high price, 
dear. *osc ^, expensiveness, dear- 
ness; dearth. 

drogman '^ di-agoman. 

drogollskaz, guide-post, -we »■ 
turnpike- toll. 

dromader ™ f'zo.J dromedary. 

drop' ^ (orn.) bustard. 

dropiasty ^ spotted, dapple ; fco?j 
^y roan-horse. 

dr6t "J wire, -.owac ^? to wire, 
•-owany ^ wired, wire . . . --o- 
wnia^, wire-drawing mill. 

drozd '^ (orn.) thrush. 

drozdzep^, dregs p^, harm, yeast; 
rose jak na drozdzach, to grow 
up very fast. 

drozec ^? to grow dear. 

djozej ^^ comp. od drogo. 

dr6zka, foot-path, by-way. 

droznliik "", fingerpost; guide. *.y * 
road . . . , travelling . 

drozszy ?^ & comp. od drogi. 

drozyc ^" to make dearer. - si§ ^V 
to sell dear, not to lower the price. 



drozyb 

drozyllc, vid. drazt/c. -^dto^ chisel. 

drozyllna ^, pathway. -.sko "I 
abominable road. 

drozyzna^, clearness. 

drucn, druh "^ comrade; name- 
'sake. •-na ^, bride's maid. 

druczek "^ ('typ.j brevier. 

druczkowac ^" (tkaninyj to print. 

drudzypi., other people, others j?;. 

dmgii " other ; second ; kupic co 
2 *.iej reki, to buy a thing second 
hand ; jeden -►iegO, one another, 
•orzedny " secondary. 

drugubica*", fish-net. 

druk "i print, press; printing, 
•-arczyk ^ jirinter's apprentice, 
•arilia ^, printing-house, priu- 
ting-otfice. -.arski " printing , . . ; 
sztuka *arska, art of printing. 
•-arstwo " typography, art of 
printing. •, arz " printer. -owac*^'" 
to print; publish. -vOWanie " 
impression, printing. 

drumla*", Jew's harp. 

druzba "^ groom's man, best man. 

druzg"otac ^'^ smash, shatter. 

druzka *", bride's maid; female 
companion. 

drwa pi; gen. drew, fire-wood. 

drwal '^ timber-merchant, •nia^, 
wood-yard, -.nik'^ wood-cutter, 
feller. 

drwic ^'* to jeer, banter, scoff. 

drwinkijarz'^ jeerer, scoffer. -^^ipL, 
raillery, jeer, •.owac^^yid. drwic. 
•owanie" mocking, jeering, per- 

dryada*^ Dryad. [siflage. 

dryakievv ^, ^6o^; scabious; treacle. 

dryblas "^ big fellow 

drygac ^'^ to hop, skip.' 

dryllgant '^ stallion, -gawka ^, 
helm, rudder (of the raftbmen). 
•-gOtka^, shivering. 

dryn'.'da *i hackney-coach, cab. 
--dac "^^ to dangle, sprawl. -»dul- 
ka^, chaise, ^dziarz "J cabman. 

drzali'czka^, shudder; fbot.J qua- 
king-grass, ii^^we fmed.J. •-cy f 
trembling, shivering, tremulous. 

drzazga^ splinter, splint. 



dudek 



85 



drzec ^? to tear, rend; (picrzej 
to strip; ~ z kirn koty, to have a 
quarrel continually with one. «. 
sie ^r to cry with all one's might. 

drze!lc^"to tremble, shiver; •.cod 
zinnia, to shiver with cold, •-nie » 
trembling, shivering. 

drzemac, vid. drzymac. 

drzewlfce "J •'iec '^ spear -staff; 
lance-staff, -.ianka ^, green frog, 
-'lasty ^ woody, wooded, -.ina ^, 
small tree ; shrub, •.ko ^ small 
tree, -^nyf ligneous, wood-like. 
•0 " tree; wood; •o opuioivey 
fuel; -fc-o owocowe, fruit-tree. *o- 
wy, vid. drzeivny. 

drzvii pi., door, ^poloczney side- 
door; -. tylne, back-door; za ^f 
out with him! get you gone! 
•-czki pi., small door; fu piecaj 
vent-hole. 

drzymilac ^^ to nap, doze, slumber. 
•'aia'^ sleepy fellow, drowsy per- 
son, •'ka^, nap, short sleep, •-li- 
WOSC ^, drowsiness, -.liwy^drow- 
sy, sleepy.. [brewed ale. 

duhelt "^ Corn.J snipe; double- 
dub elt||6wka*', fowling piece, gun. 
-owo <^p doubly, twice, •.owy" 
double. 

dubllla *", /'w grze Z;j7J doublet. •.et'^ 
duplicate, -.on ",' gold-coin, -.o- 
wac ^" to double. [idle talk. 

duby pi-, ~ smalone, nonsense, 

ducn '^ spirit; ghost; sentiment, 
opinion; ~ swiety, Holy Ghost; 
wyzionac -.a, to give up the ghost; 
cieszyc sip w -.u, to rejoice in- 
wardly ; *em, as quick as thought. 

duchna^, pillow with down 

ducho\vl!ienst\vo ^ clergy. *.ny f 
clesiastical, clerical. *.iiy ™ 
clergyman. 

ducholiwidz "7 visionary, visionist. 
-WO"? spiritually, intellectually. 
-WOSC *", spirituality. -wy ^ 
spiritual, intellectual. 

duda, •'iz ",' bag-piper. 

dudek",' forn.J hoopoo; simpleton, 
tool, nincomnoop; wystrychnac 

3' 



86' 



dudki 



Tcogo na dudka. to make a fool 
of one. 

dudllM pi., small bag-pipe; •-ki 
stroicy to be inclined to whining, 
whine, •-lie "^^ to play badly (on 
a wind-instrument), ^-y pi., bag- 
pipe, [another word! 

dudu *, ani ~ / not a word ! not 

duet '^ Cmuz.J duet, duetto. 

dufac etc., vid. ufac etc. 

duga^, bow of a pack-saddle. ^ 

dukat ^ ducat, -.owy " -'Owe 
ztoto, ducat-gold. 

dnkwiec ^f to toil, plod away. 

duma ♦", meditation ; pride, haughti- 
ness, -vc ^? to meditate ; dream, 
•-nie ^ meditation, thoughtfulness. 

dumka^, ditty, little song. 

dumnliie, -^o **? haughtily, super- 
cilously, proudly. #*y f proud, 

dupa ^, buttocks pi. [haughty. 

duplikat o duplicate. 

duren ^ fool, stupid fellow, ass. 

dumiliac^" to call names. *.iec^? 
to become a foolish fellow, •-o , 
foolishly -'OSC^, stupidity, •-y ^ 
foolish, silly. 

durszlak ™ strainer, colander. 

durzllenle "J infatuation, delusion. 
•"ye ^^ to infatuate, impose, 
delude, •.yc si§ ^f to be deluded, 
be infatuated, -^yciel ^ cheat, 
deceiver. 

dus "^ ducat; dusie jol., money. 

dusillc"*^" to strangle, choke, stifle; 
(viifsoj to stew. •kC 'Sx§ ''^r to be 
choked, suffocated. •'Ciel ^ 
Btrangler; waz *'Ciel, boa con- 
strictor. -.dlO ' instrument for 
strangling. •-kufel 'J fuddler, 
drunkard. _ 

dusza^, soul; ( od zelazkaj h.QOXeir: \ 
(w pidrzt J ^ith. ; Bogu dusz^ winien, 
a poor harmless creature; hez 
grosza przy duszy, as poor as Job ; 
hez duszy, lifeless, inanimate. 

dusz'lacy " suffocative, mephitic. 
-enie ^ suffocation, choking; 
fmiesaj stewing; -»enie nocne, 
night-mare, 



dwucaiowy 

diiszka^, Cfig.J sweet-heart, fove. 

duszkiem "? all at one draught. 

dusznilie «-? with all my (our etc.) 
heart; by all means, absolutely. 
*.0 <^^ hot and close. *.0SC ^, sultri- 
ness ; asthma, orthopnoea. •-y *? 
sultry, oppressive. [stewed. 

duszony f strangled; ("o mipsiej 

duszyczka^, soul; small heater, 

duzii'ac si§ "^f to wrestle, struggle. 
-0 "? a great deal, much, ^y^ 
large, great, tall. 

dwa num., two; po -, two by two, 
two and .two. ^'dziescia num. 
twenty. -.dziesciorOj -^dziescior- 
ga "J twenty, -^kroc "? twice. 

dwanascille num., ^oto '^ twelve, 

dwiescie num., two hundred. 

dw6ch num., two. -wsetny " two 
hundredth. 

dwojallczki pi., twins pi. -,ki ^ 
twofold. *.ko «p doubly. 

dwoic "^f *< si§ '^r to doubl 

dwiloje"; -^djka^, two. -^bjlist™ 
('bot.J tway-blade. 

dwoistllosc ^, duplicity, -y f two- 
fold, double. 

dw6r " court; yard; retinue; 
mansion; wyjSc na ~, to go out 
(for a°walk), take the air; na 
dworze, out in the open air; fora 
ze dwora, get you gone! ••^ka^, 
court-lady; (female) farm-servant. 

dworllactwo^ courtierism. -ak"^ 
courtier. *.ek ^ small mansion. 
•'llie, ^-no ^^ with great retinue. 
•-ny " courtlike, courtly, ^o- 
wac ^^ to live at court, ^ski '^ 
court; manorial, seigneurial. 
•'Sko ^^ courtly, -^-skosc *", court- 
manners, etiquette. •'Szczyzna^* 
courtierism; ' people _ at court, 
courtiers pi. ~ [servant. 

dworzanin '^, courtier, prince's 

dworzec ",' mansion; railway- 
station, terminus. 

dwubarwny ^ twocoloured. 

dwucallldwKa \ board two inches 
thick, -owy f two -inched, of 
two inches. 



dwucienny 

dwncienny " amphiscious. 

dwuli'dniowy, -dzienny" lasting 
two days, two days'; two days 
old. -dzielny " bipartite. 

dwudziestllka ^, twenty; score. 
••Ogodziniiy ? of twenty -four 
hours, •.oletni '^ twenty years 
old. •.u, num. twenty, -.y f twen- 
tieth. 

dwuifuntowy ^ weighing two 
pounds, -.gatunkowy ^ oC a 
double kind.*gloska^, diphtong. 
--glowy ?■ two-headed, -jezy- 
czny? two-tongued ;^/i^.^ double- 
tongued, -kolorowy ? twocolou- 
red. *.konny " drawn by two 
horses, •-kropek ^ colon, •.krot- 
nie <^? twice, -.krotny " double, 
twofold. -'latka *^ quadruped 
two years old. •-lecie " period of 
two years, -.letni " two years 
old. '•.licowy, -^licy ? two-faced ; 
(fio.) double-tongued, •.listnyf 
two- leaved, -.masztowy " two- 
masted, -.miesieczny , of two 
months, happening every two 
months. 

dwunastilka ^, twelve; a dozen, 
-..okat "; dodecagon. -.nica ^y 
f anal J duodenum, -.okatny? do- 
decagonal, •.okrotny ^ twelve- 
fold. *.oscian "I dodecagon. *»ti 
num., twelve. *.y f twelfth. 

dwullniedzielny ^ fortnightly. 
•'HOzny " biped(al), two-legged, 
•pietrowy ^ two stories high, 
two-'storied. -ptciowy ^ her- 
maphroditical, androgynal. •.ra- 
mienny " bilateral, two-sided, 
-^-razny ? twice repeated, •-re- 
ki " two-handed. 

dwuroczn!;iak'T young quadruped 
two years old. •.y ^ biennial. 

dwu!'rogi, -^rozny ^ two-horned, 
-rurka Uowling-piece.-rzedny'i* 
double-rowed, -^sieczny '^,'^"' two- 
edged. *.skrzydlyV' two- winged, 
-stownosc *. duplicity, -.sto- 
wny " ("fiq.J double-tongued, 
-^stronny " two-sided. *tygo- 



dykteryjka *Bf 

dniowy ? fortnightly, -tysia- 
Czny , two thousandth; of two 
thousand, •-z^bny " having two 
teeth; bidental. [bigamy. 

dwuzellniec '^ bigamist. *nstwo" 

dwuilzgtoskowy ^ dissyllabic. 
'•'Ztotdwka^, piece of money = 
2 florins. 

dwuznacznllosc ^.double meaning, 
equivocation, •.y '^ ambiguous, 
equivocal, double-meaning. 

dyabei:, vid. djabet. [coronet. 

dyadem "^ diadem, head -band, 

dyakolin '^ deacon. «»nstwo 7 dea- 
conry, deaconship. 

dyalekt "^ dialect, idiom, -yka <", 
dialectics. ' [mond. 

dyainent '^ diamond, -•-owy ^ dia- 

dyarya^, diarrhoea. 

dyaryusz '^ diary. 

dyby pL, hand-cufTs. 

dybac '"V' ('>^o, kogoj to lurk, lay 
au ambush for. < i 

dyllchac, *szec ^f to pant, gasp, 
breathe, -^chanie ^ breathing; 
pant(ing). 

dychawilica *", asthma, -.cznosc'i 
breaf hlossness.*czny ? asthmatic. 

dychawka*", gill (of a fish). 

dychtowullosc*", thickness; com- 
pactness, density. *.y ^ thick; 
close, compact, dense. 

dydaktyczny " didactic. 

dydelf ^ ^zo.J opossum, didelphys. 

dyecezilalny'? diocesan. *.ya*i dio- 
cese, i [allowance, pay. 

dyet a ^, diet, regimen, •.y pl.^ 

dyg '^ courtesy, curtsy, --ac ^" 
to courtesy, drop a courtei>y. 

dygnita|!rski"of a dignitary, -^r- 
stWO " dignity, worship. *.rz '" 
dignitary. \ 

dygotac "^ to tremble, shiver. 

dykcyonarz™ dictionary, lexicon. 

dyktando " dictation. 

dyktator " dictator, -ski " dic- 
tatorial. •'StWO 1 dictatorship, 
dictature. 

dykteryjka *", short stor^ little 
tale. 



S8 dyktowaft 

dyktowaJ|6 ^? to dictate. ..nie : 
dictation. 

dyl "^ plank, board. •'Owac ^? to 
board, plank. [cottage. 

dym *? smoke; dwelling-house, 

dirma^, Cmaterya) dimity. 

dymac ^^? to blow. 

dymlliacy ^ smoking. «.ic ^7 -ic 
sif ^r to smoke, -riii ™ vent- 
hole for the smoke; garret- win- 
dow, •.ny f smoky. 

djnnillf^ groin, •-enica^, gland of 
the pudenda, bubo. 

djrinisya^, dismission. 

dymka^, dimity; onion. 

dynamit *^ dynamite. 

dynastylla \ dynasty, -.czny ? 
dynastic. 

dyndac '"V' to dangle. 

dynia ^, gourd, pumpkin. , 

dyplom, --at ^ diploma, patent. 

dyplomallcya ^, diplomacy. -,ta<i 
diplomate , diplomatist. •'ty- 
Cznie "? diplomatically, -ty- 
czny f diplomatic, -.tyk "^ diplo- 
matist; (fig. J cunning fox. -,ty- 
ka^, diplomatics. 

dyptan "^ (hot.) dittany. 

dyrd'^ •-ein hiedz^ to run fast, 
-^ac "^^ to run fast, 

dyrekllcya ^, direction, manage- 
ment, -.tor" director, manager; 
(szkoi'y) head-master. 

dyrygowac^^ to direct, manage; 
/"orkiestraj to conduct. 

dyscypliiia ^, discipline; cat-o*- 
iiine-tails. [sonance. 

dysharmoiiia ^, discordancy, dis- 

dyshOEOr"^ dishonour, discredit. 

dyska^, the ten. 

dyskreilcya^, discretion, prudence. 
x-dyt ^ discredit, disrepute, -dy- 
towac ^^ to discredit. 

dyskretnllosc *", discreetness, -y ^ 
discreet, prudont. 

dyskors ^ conversation, fption. 

dyspensa ^. dispensation, exem- 

dyspollnent '^ manager, factor. 
— nowac ^f CJ<ogo na inderdj to 
give the last benediction; dis- 



dziala]no§6 

pose,arrange;coramand.*.2ycya ^, 
order, command, disposition. 

dyspntlia <", dispute. *.owac ^V 
to dispute, argue. 

dyssydent"^ dissenter. 

dystrakcya ^, absence of mind; 
amusement, diversion. 

dystrybncya ^, distribution. 

dystylllarnia *; distillery.-.owac'^'f 
to distil, still. 

dystynllffowany *? genteel, of rank. 
•kcyas distinction. 

dysza/, nozzle of the blast-pipe. 

dyszec ^? to heave. 

dyszel™ beam, polo. 

dyszkant ^ (muz.) treble, soprano. 
•-owy ^ klucz ««, treble-clef. 

dyszlowy " thill . . . 

dywan ^ carpet ; divan. 

dywdyk*^rich horse-cloth; Tur- 
kish silk-stufif. 

d3rwer8ya^, diversion. 

dywidenda^, dividend. 

dywizylla I (mil.) division, •.jny ^ 
(mil.) divisional, •-oil "^ two 
squadrons. 

dzban, •-ek " pitcher, mug. 
-eczek, -►■aszek *!? cruet. 

dzdz"Ownica *", rain-water.* •-o- 
wnik %' earth-worm, grub, --ti, 
pragnac czego jak *^XL, to wish 
most eagerly, -.ysty ^ rainy. 

dziac sie *",'* to come to pass, 
occur; co 3ie tu dzieje? what is 
up here? skadsif dzieje ze, whence 
it came to' pass that; niech sie 
dzieje wola nieba! the God's will 
bo done! 

dziad*^ old man; grandfather; 
old beggar, •■ek '^ grandfather; 
nut-crackers pi., (w grzc karto- 
wejj dummy. >».owina^ good oM 
man, *owizna^, inheritance left 
by the grandfather. -*owski ? 
grandtatherly ; beggarly, -.unio IJ 
grandfather. [ment. 

dziat "", share; lot, portion, allot- 

dziatallc ^'f? to act, work; ope- 
rate, have effect <».cz ™ author, 
agent ; (chemj re-agent. '^^Inosc ^» 



dzialalnj 

actiTity, agency; eflBcIency.*.lnyf 
active ; efficacious, efficient.i^iiie "J 
proceeding, operation; farytm.) 

dziaika^, scale. [rule. 

dzialo ^ cannon, gun. «»bitiiia ^, 
(mil.) battery. *wy^ cannon...; 
of partition, of division. 

dzianet "^ Arabian hors^. 

dzianka^, homey-comb. 

dziariln ^, gravel ; pyrites, -nisty ? 
gravelly. 

dziarskili? brisk, smart, sprightly, 
mettlesome. ^<»0SC U briskness, 
smartness. "* 

dziaslo 'J gum, gums pi. 

dziatii'eczki pl.t -►wa ^, children j??., 
little ones. 

dzicz^t savage people, barbarians 
pi. •ec "^ to grow wild, become 
intractable, ••ek ^ -^ka ^, crab, 
wild tree, •yna ^, boar- flesh. 
*yzna^, game, deer; savageness. 

dzida ^, spear, pike. 

dzieci pit children pi. -^ak "^ 
tall child, --atko ^ baby. •« 1 
child . infant. " -^eCY J childlike, 
filial. * 

dziecielina ^, (hot.) medick. 

dziecinila ^, baby. •,ii(ii)iec'^ to 
grow childish, dote. -.11I6 sif ^T 
to be childish, •.nosc^, childish- 
ness, -riiy J childish. 

dziecmstwo ^ childhood, infancy; 
childishness. 

dzieciob6j||ca'^ -czyni^, infanti- 
cide, --czy ? infanticidal. *.stwo \ 
infanticide. 

dzif cioi T Com,) wood-pecker. 

dzieciucb *; tall child. 

dziecko ^ child. 

dziedzic " heir, inheritor; pro- 
prietor, possessor; -, prawowity, 
heir apparent; m, domniemany, 
heir presumptive, •'two ^ inhe- 
ritance , heriditary possession, 
patrimonial estate. 

dziedziczilenie^ inheritance. *ka ^, 
heiress; proprietress. «^nie «? 
hereditarily. «.nosc ^. heredity. 
•-ny ? hereditary, patrimonial. 



dzienny 39 

*y6 ^f to inherit; possess, be 
possessed of. 

dziedzina f, inherited property, 
patrimony; home, native country; 
ffig.J sphere, province. 

dziedziniec '^ court-yard. 

dziegliciamia ^, tar-hut. «ciarz T 
tar-burner. -»»iec'; tar. *ciowy " 
tarry, tar-like. 

dzif gi pl.j money. 

dzif p:iel "y (T>ot.j angelica. 

dzieje pi., history, annals pi., re^ 
cords pi.; ~ apostolskie, tlie acts 

^ of the apostles. 

dziejollpis, •'pisarzT historian, 
historiographer, •.pisarski f hi- 
storical, of an historian. -*pi- 
sarstwo ^ historiography. *.wy f 
historical. 

dziekalln ^ dean, •nia^, deanery; 
dean's dwelling. «*nski? dean's. 
-nstwo " deanery, deanahip. 

dziekczynllienie T thanksgiving, 
•ny f^ of thanks, thanksgiving . . ; 
•.ny list, letter of acknowledg- 
ment; •, na ofiara, thank-offering. 

dzieklil jp{., thanks pJ.; »\Bogu! 
thank God ! -.owac ^f ^ to thank. 

dzieljlenie ? division, ^.iq ""f to 
share, parcel; faryt.J to divide, 
•-ic sif ^ to share; be devided, 

dzielko ^ little work. [shared. 

dzielna^, (aryt.) dividend! 

dzielnica ^, ^mtasia>/ quarter; ^/^.^ 
column. 

dzielnik "IJ faryt.J divisor. 

dzielnllosc ^, vigour, valiance, bra- 
very, •y f valiant, brave. 

dzieio "J work ; deed, action. 

dzienV" day; tadny ~, doom's 
day ; ia dnia, by day-light; wir6d 
biatego dnia, at noon (-day); dn 
the face of the world. *. i noc, 
fbot.) cow-wheat. 

dziennllie «? daily, -rik*: diary, 
day-book, journal; daily paper, 
•'ikarski " journalistic, news- 
paper... •ikarstwo ? journalism, 
press, -rikarz "I journalist, re- 
porter, -.y " diurnal, daily. 



dzierga6 



40 



dziergallc ^? to knit, -^nie 7 ' 
knitting. [tufted lark. 

dzierlatka ^, CoraJ crested lark, 

dzierzak ™ handle* of a flail. 

dzierzawlla <; tenancy, farm; te- 
nure, lease; wziac <v^, to take 
on lease, -.y pl.j possessions pi. 



'Ca 



tenant, v farmer, lease- 



holder. ».czy f ('gram. J posses- 
sive. *czyni^, (female) lease- 
holder, farmeress, -..ic '"^ to farm, 
tenant. ».ka ^, small lease, tenure. 
•.ny ? of a farm ; -^na wies, farm. 

dzierzha^. Corn.) butcher-bird. 

dzierillenie " possession, •-yc '"f 
to hold, possess, -yciel %' pos- 
sessor, holder. 

dziesiatllak'^ ^mnifi/ wifcej - ) three- 
pencet •-ek"? half a score ; number 
of ten. -.ka \ ten. -kowac '^'^ 
to" decimate. i*.kowanie " deci- 
mation. *»nica*i decennial anni- 
versary, -.y f tenth. 

dziesiellc num., ten. -vcina^, tithe, 
tithes'" pi. -vciokat "^ decagon. 
-cioletni f ten years old; de- 
cennial. •'Cioraki " decuple, 
ten fold; jof ten different sorts. 
-^ciomasbb, w -* ~, tenfold, ten 
times as much, *'Cioro,'*'Ciu,ten. 
«*ckroc <*^ ten times. *.tnik "^ 
decurion. •-tny ? decimal. 

dziewanna^, fhot.J mullein. 

dziewczllatko'J-'yTika^, little girl, 
maid - child. •.§ "J young girl. 
•§cy ? girlish, maidenly. <«3ma ^, 
girl, lass. 

dzieweczka^, young girL 

dziewi^cllka \ (liczba i w grze 
kartowej) nine, •^y ^ ninth. 

dziewillca^, maid, virgin, -.ctwd"; 
virginity. -^czo "■? virginally. 
•-Czy ?■ virginal, virginlike. 

dziewi§cwwm.,nine.*.dziesiatwu7n., 
ninety, -.dziesiatletni ^ " nona- 
genarian, --dziesiaty ? ninetieth, 
•dziesi^ciu, ninety. 

dziewiecilloraki " of nine different 
sorts. "" ••oro ^ nine, ^u num., 
nine. '«.iiset num., ninehundied. 



dziwaczk^^ 

dziewi^cllkroc ^ nine times, 
••krotny " nine times repeated, 
••set num., nine hundred.-.setny * 
ninehundredth. [sig,t, 

dziewi^dziesiat, vid. dzieivi^cdzie- 

dziewif tnaiscie, -^stu num., nine- 
teen. -*.sty f nineteenth. 

dziewierz '\' brother-in-law. 

dziewllka ^, wench, country-girl, 
house-maid. *oja^» portly maid, 
-^ucha ^, wench. 

dziewoslllab %' match -maker; 
groom's m'^an, best man. *.^bic^f 
(komuj to woo for a person, make 
a match, -'^jpl., match-making, 

dziezlla, *«ka "', kneading-trough, 

dzik '^ wild boar. [hutch. 

dziklii ? wild, savage; shy, coy. 
-*0*^? wildly; shyly, -•-osc^i wild- 
ness, savageness ; shyness, coyness. 
*»Owina^, boar- flesh. 

dzi6b ™ beak, bill; pock-hole, 
pock-mark. *.as ™ long beak; 
pick-axe. 

dziobllac ^? to peck, pick up with 
the beak. -»asty ^ with large 
beak, •.aty ^ marked by the 
small-pox. 

dziobnaC) vid. dziohac. 

dzione2 "^ fine lovely day. 

dziryt '" javelin. 

dzills, '•'Siaj "? today; now-a- 
days, at present, -•.siejszy f this 
day's; of this date. 

dziurlla^, hole, gap; jail, prison, 
--awic '*'?■ to make a hole in, 
perforate. *.awiec ™ Cbot.J hy- 
pericon. •-awy " full of holes; 
leaky, ^-eczka, •-ka ^, little hole, 
opening. 

dziurkowatllosc ^, porosity, po- 
rousness. *.y f porous. 

dziw "^ wonder; nie >., ze, it is not 
to be wondered at. ^-actwo 7 
oddness , strangeness , extra- 
vagance, singularity. 

dziwacki, vid. dziwaczny. 

dziwaczilek^J r&o^.; marvel of Peru, 
-'Snie " whimsicalness, freakish- 
ness. ^-ka ^i whimsical woman. 



dziwaczno56 

*>nOSC, vid. dziwactwo. •-ay ? 
odd, queer, strange, extravagant. 
•-yc ^',* to play odd freaks, be 
■whimsical. 

dziwalldlo " prodigy, wondrous 
thing, •-k ^ whimsical man. 

dziwer" damaskeened work. «*o- 
wac ^f to damaskeen, .^bwka ^, 
damask-twist gun. 

dziwllic """ to astonish, surprise, 
-•ic si§5 *owac sie '"^ to marvel, 
be surprised, be astonished. 
-^nie *^ strangely ; extraordina- 
rily, ^no «*? ~ * mi, I am surprised, 
I wonder at it. «iiOSC ^, strange- 
ness. *.ny " strange, odd, mar- 
vellous; admirable. 

dziwo ^ prodigy, marvel, -.lag, 
-^twdr 'J monster, --ta ^, nie •-ta 
Z'ze); it is not to be wondered at. 
•-wac si§, vid. dziwic si^. ^^wlsko " 
pageant, show; prodigy. 

dziwy ? dziwe mipso, proud flesh. 

dztuna ^, plague, pestilence. 

dzwieczllnosc ^, sonorousness, har- 
moniousness. •-ny f sonorous, 
tuneful, •.yc ^^ to tinkle, sound 
harmoniously. 

dzwiek "^ sound, resonance. 

dzwigilac, -nac ^^ to bear (a bur- 
den) ; lift ' raise, build, •►nia ^, 
lever. 

dzwon "^ btjll ; ~ na trwogp, tocsin, 
alarm-bell, ^ek " little bell. 
-,ic "'^V' to ring the bell, toll; 
clink, jingle; -vie zp& ami, to chat- 
ter with the teeth; •.! mi w uszach, 
my ears tingle, -iec "^ fom.) 
linnet, -ienie ^ toll, ringing ; — 
to uchu, tingling in the ears. -*ka ^, 
diamonds pi. (at cards), •-ki pi., 
Cu koQuta etc.) giU. 

dzwonko " a piece offish. <*.waty ^ 
bell-shaped, -wy ^ of diamonds. 

dzwonnilica *", steeple, beUYy, bell- 
tower. *.k '^ bell-ringer. 

dzwono "J felloe, felly; piece offish. 

dzyndzyk "^ tassel, small hanging 
end. 



ekspedytor 41 



echo ^ echo. 

edtikacylla ^, education, •rjny ? 
relating to education, educationaL 

edycya^, edition. 

edykt "^ edict. 

edyl ™ edile. 

egoistila "^ egoist, selfish man. 
•-ka^, selfish woman. 

egoizm ™ selfishness. 

egzjLltacya fi exaltaiion. 

egzamin ^ examen, examination, 
"•acyjliy f relating to examina- 
tion, examinational. <«ator ^ 
examinator. «owac '"*^ to ex- 
amine, ask questions. 

egzekucylla ^, execution; capita! 
punishment, •-jny " executive. 

egzekllutor "^ executioner; execu- 
tor, -.wowac ""^ to execute; 
Cpodatki zaUgleJ to collect. 

egzekwiei>i., obsequies pi., fune- 
ral rites. 

egzemplarz ™ copy (of a book). 

egzystllencya <i existence* •rO- 



wac 



to exist, be. 



eh * ah! 

ech§ *, yes ! indeed ! 

ej, eize*, mind I take caret 

einax, vid. hejnai. 

eMoga^, eclogue. 

ekonom"^ steward; hasbandmaa, 
-ia^, economy; economics ; stew- 
ard's dwelling. «viczny ^ econo- 
mic(al). -.ika \ economy. <»i8taT 
economist. 

eksces 1, excess, outrage. 

ekscentrycznilosc ^, eccentricity. 
*.y ^ eccentric. 

ekskomunika ^, excomunicationr, 

ekskrementa pi., excrement. 

eksknza^, excuse. 

ekspedyllcya ^, expedition; dis- 
patch, sending-off; (newspaper) 
office. -*ent ^ clerk, manager. 
•owac '^^ to expedite, forward, 
dispatch, •-tor ^% clerk, oommla- 
sioner. 



42 ekspektatywa 

ekspektatywa ^, expectative. 

ekspens '? expense. *owac '^" to 
expend, disburse, -owny ? ex- 
pensive. 

eksport "^ exportation, •-acya^ 
exportation ; escort of a funeral. 
•owac '"^ to export; fciatoj to 
bury with pomp. 

ekstrakt ^ extract, essence. 

ekstrapoczta ^, courier, express. 

ekwipaz "^ carriage. 

elastyczllnosc ^, elasticity, -ny ? 
elastic(al). 

eleganllcM f elegant, fashionable. 
•►cko " elegantly, •-cya ^, ele- 
gance, finery of dress, -t '^ dan- 
dy, fashion-monger, -^tka ^, lady 
of fashion. -»towac si§ ^r to 
dress finely, attire oneself. 

elegia*; elegy. 

elekcyi!a ^, election.».jnyf elective. 

elektor "^ elector, prince elector, 
•-at '5 electorate, •-ka, •-owa ^, 
electress. •-ski ^ electoral. 

elektrycznllosc ^, electricity, -.y f 
electric(al^. 

elektryzowallc *"? to electrify, 
•-nie ^ electrification. 

elementaijmy ^ elementary, 
simple, non compounded, rudi- 
mentary, •rz" hornbook, primer. 

elipllsa ^» ellipsis, •'tycznie "? 
elliptically. ««tycznosc *", ellipti- 
city. -tyczny f elliptic(al). 

elizeiskL " Elysian. [enamel. 

emalilla^, enamel, -owac '"f to 

emeryt ^ pensionary. 

emi^allcya ^, emigration.^vcyjnyf 
emigrant, •►nt %' emigrant. 

emisarynsz 11 emissary, secret 
agent. 

encyklopedylla ^, encyclopedia, 
—czny " encyclopedian. 

energilla^, energy. •.cznie«^^ ener- 
getically. *.czny ^ energetic. 

entuzyallsta ^ •-stka^, enthusiast, 
••zm ^ enthusiasm. 

eolski ^ Aeolian, Aeolic. 

epiczny " epic. 

epidemia^, epidemic disease. 



facyata 

epigramat "^ epigram, 
epilepsya *", epilepsy, falling s!ck« 

ness. 

epilog " epilogue, conclusion, 
epistola^, epistle; the Epistle. 
epoklla ^, epoch. -*.owy " epochal, 
epopeja^, epopee, epic poem, 
epoiet "7 epaulet, 
erekcya^, erection, 
es "^ Cna kostce od graniaj ace; 

smallest gold-weight, 
esencya^, essence, substance, 
eskadia ^, squadron (of ships of 

war). [wac """ to escort, 

eskorllta^, escort, convoy. -»to- 
esowaty f having the form of S, 

winding, meandering, 
esownik ^ (arch,) cornice, 
etnograf "IJ ethnographer, •.ia \ 

ethnography, -iczny f' ethnolo- 
gical, 
etykieta ^, etiquette ; fna towarachj 

label. •'Iny " ceremonious. 
etymologilia *", etymology, --cznyf 

etymological, 
encharystya ^, eucharist. 
eunuch ^ eunuch, 
ewakuacya *i evacuation, 
ewanielllia, ewangielia^, gospel, 

evangel, -^liczny ? evangelical. 

•-lik ™ protestant. •-lista '^ 

evangelist. 
ewolucya^, evolution. 



F. 

fabryllczny? manufactured; cena 
<»czuaj prime cost. A>ka^« manu- 
factory. *»kacya ^, manufacturing; 
fabrication. *.kant '^ manufac- 
turer, fabricator, •'kat 'y manu- 
facture , fabric. '«.kowac *'f to 
manufacture; falsify, ^kowanie" 
fabrication ; falsification. 

facecylla t; jest, joke ; facetiae. 
•-Oilista^ humorous man, joker. 

facyata ^, front (of a building); 
(zartohliwiej face, countenance. 



fecjenda 



faryzeusz 



45 



facyenda ^, truck, barter, ^.rka ', 
'-rz ^ dealer in second-hand 
goods, broker. 

fagas '^ lackey, male servant. 

fagollcista "i bassoonist, •-t ^t bas- 
soon. 

fajans '^ Delft-ware, •►owy ? of 
faience. [smoker. 

fajjczallrnia ^, smoking-room, •rz'^ 

fajdac ^^ to foul, dirty, ease 
oneself. 

fajeczka*", little smoking-plpe. 

fajerllka <", fire-pan. «.werk ",' fire- 
work. 

fajka ^, smoking - pipe. *rz ^IJ 
manufacturer of tobacco-pipes^ 

faitac ""f to stir, wag. 

faklicya <; faction, -t *; fact, 
matter of fact. , 

faktor"^ broker, commission-agent. 
*»ka^t female broker, factoress. 
-"lie " brokerage, factorage, •-o- 
wac "? to broke, job. -stwo ^ 
broker's business, -i-ya ^, factory. 

fala^, wave, billow, surge. 

falanga^, phalanx. 

falbana^, furbelow, flounce. 

fatd "y -^a ^y fold, rumple, plait; 
(fig J *6w przysiedziec, to work 
hard, •rowac '^^. to fold, rumple, 
-^zisty ^ plaited, folded; full of 
folds. 

falowac ^^ to wave. 

falsef^ /'wwz.yl falsetto, head- voice. 

falsyfikacya ^, falsification. 

fatsz ^, falsehood, falseness, lie, 
falsity, -.erski ^ falsifier's. -,er- 
Stwo " falsification ; Cjur.J forgery. 
*erz ^7 falsifier ; (winaj adulterer ; 
(dokumentow) forger. 

faiszowallc '^f to falsify; (winoj 
to adulterate, -nie " falsification ; 
(winaJ adulteration, •-ny ? fal- 
sified. 

falszownik, vid. faiszerz. 

fatszTwilie «*? falsely, untruly. 
•'OSC*', falsity, falsehood; dupli- 
city, deceit. ' m.y f false, deceit- 
ful; counterfeit, feigned, false- 
hearted. 



faxnllil!a ', family. «»ant ^ one 
belonging to a family, kinsman; 
man of high extraction. 

famulus ^ servant, waiter; 

fanaberye pi-, ostentatiousness. 

fanatyllcznje '^^ fanatically, 
-^czny ? fanatic(al). «.k '^ fanatic 
•■zm "^ fanaticism, fervid zeal. 

fanfara *", fanfare, flourish (of 
trumpets). 

fanfaron "^ dandy, coxcomb, bean, 
-^ada^, swaggering, rodomontade,, 
coxcombry, /^cwac ^V' to rodo- 
montade, swagger. 

fant T pledge, pawn ; grac w •-y^ 
to play at forfeits. 

fantastyljcznosc *", fantasticalness^' 
quaintness. ~cziiy " fantastical, 
fanciful, •.k "^ fantastic. 

fantazylla ^, imagination, fancy; 
sudden idea; (muz.) fantasia. 
*.8 v^-i caprices pi., whims pL 

fantowliac '^f to take away as a 
pledge, seize, fcrac sie ^f to lend 
upon pawn. *.nik ^J pawnbroker. 

fara^, parish-church. 

faraon '^ fgraj faro. 

•farblla^i dye, paint; colour; -,a 
pastelna, crayon; •.a u-odiiUy 
water-colour. Mernia ^, dye- 
house, -.ierski " dyeing, dyel-'s. 
-^ierstwo 1 dyeing, art of dyeing, 
•'ierz ^ dyer, ••nik "^ colouring 
matter, pigment. 

farbowllac "^^ to dye, colour; 
fiv mysliwstwiej to besprinkle with 
blood; •.ac na zielono etc., to dye 
green etc. «vanie "J colouring, 
dyeing, -^any " dyed ; CfigJ false ; 
•'ane lisy, (fig J cheat, deception, 
-►nik "^ (hot.) woad. 

farfurka^, plate of delf. 

farmaceuta ^, pharmaceutist. 

farny " parochial, parish. 

fartullch "I apron; (u poicozuj 
hammercloth.».szek^ little apron, 

farynila ^, brown sugar, cassonade ; 

(figj kind, sort. *.iarz "^ ketper 

of a cook-shop. 

faryzelljski ? Pharisaical, -usz "IJ 



44 faryzeuszostwo 

Pharisee ; hypocrite. *tl8Z08tW0 " 

pharisaicalness , pharieaism. 

*iiSZOWski ^ pharlsaic(al). 

farsa*", fte.J farce; drollery. 

fascyknt "7 fasciculus, fascicle; 
bundle, pack. 

faslla^, barrel, cask, •-ka, small 
cask, (od maala) churn. *owac^" 
to put into cask, tun. 

fasola^, (hot.) french bean, kid- 
ney-bean. ^ , [wac '"? to baste. 

fastryglla ^, basting, stitch. *o- 

faszyna^, fascine. [baubles pi. 

fataiaszki p^-» fiddle-faddles, 

fatalnllie ^? fatally, unfortunately. 
-•-OSC^, fatality, -•y f fatal; dis- 
agreeable. _ 

faty^lla ^, fatigue, trouble. -.0- 
wac^f to fatigue; give trouble, 
to inconvenience. 

fawor™ favour, -.yt"^ favourite, 
darling. -*yta ^, favourite; mis- 
tress, minion, "-yty pl-^ whis- 
kers pi. *.yzowac ^f to favour. 

fe *, fy! shame! 

febrlla^, fever; (med.) ague. -,0- 
wy ^ fever . . . -.yczny '^ feverish, 
febrile. 

fechllmistrz "^ fencing-master.-^to- 
wac ^f *towac sie ^f to fence. 
'•'towanie " fencing. 

felczer ",' army-surgeon. 

feldfebel'T sergeant. 

feldmarszalek "? field-marshal. 

feler"^ (xo grze bilardj false push ; 
blunder, v ' [of a newspaper. 

feljeton "^ feuilleton, bottom part 

feniks "J phenix. 

fenomen "^ phenomenon. 

fenyg'^ farthing. 

feralny " ominous, unlucky; dzien 
~, day of misfortune.' 

ferment! lacy a ^, fermentation. .*o- 
wac ^^ to ferment. 

ferowac ^? Cjurj to pronounce 
(a sentence). 

fertllac sif '^r to bustle about, 
•-alski ™ *'alska ^, bustler. 

fertycznljosc <i agility, briskness, 
«*y f agile, brisk. 



filuterny 

terye pi; holidays j??., vacation I 
* sadowe, recess, non-term, ^ 

feston™ festoon. 

festyn^ feast, festival. 

fet6ri; stench. 

feudalilizm "^ feudal system, feii* 
dalism. *no8C ^, feudality. *ny f 

fez"^ fez, [feudal. 

fiatkowy, vid. fiolkowy. 

figa*", fig; pokazad komu figf, to 
give one the fico, turn one's back 
upon one. -mia^, plantation of 
fig-trees. 

figiel, '►ek '^ trick, frolic, prank; 
(fig. J cunning, craft, stratagem; 
wyptatac komu figla, to play a 
trick upon one, play one a trick, 

figlarilka ^, frolicsome woman, 
^j2ie <^<^^ farcically -•-nose ^, frolic- 
someness, waggishness. -•.ny ? 
frolicsome, farcical, •-z T frolic^ 
some fellow, joker. 

figlowac ^f to frolic, joke. 

figowy ^ figgy, fig... 

figurlla^, figure; form; waist, sta- 
ture; Cfig J person, -.alny " figu- 
rative. *«ant '? mute person, figu- 
rant, '•.owac "f to cut a figure; 
enjoy credit. 

fik mik, hocus-pocus, 

fikijac, '•'iiac '^'i* to kick. 

fikcya*", fiction, figment. 

filantrop ™ --ka *\ philantropist. 
^-ia *i philantropy. 

filar™ pillar, column; f fig. J sup- 
port. *owanie "J colonuade, 

filigranowy " filigree; ffigj very 

filipika*", philippic. [delicate. 

filizanka*", tea- or coffee-cup. 

filolog ",' philologist. *.ia ^, philo- 
logy, •^'iczny " philological. 

filozof '^ philosopher, -via^, phi- 
losophy, •'iczny ^ philosophi- 
cal, -.ka ^, philosophess. ^-owac ^? 
to philosophize, -^ski " philo- 
sopher's. 

filtrowac ^? to filter. 

filut'" rogue, cunning fellow. 

filuterilnie <^? cunningly, craftily, 
^-nosc *", cunnig, craftiness, ^-ny, 



filuterski 

*sldf cunning, crafty, waggish. 

•"Stwo ^ cheating, swindling, 
fllutka^ cunning woman, 
fimfa <; cloud of !<moke; Cf^gJ 

injury; puszcza6 }:omu fimfy, to 

treat one haughtily. 
final i; CmuzJ finale, 
ftnanslle;??., finances pJ., revenue. 



fora 



45 



'Owy 



finan- 



-«ista "^ financier, 
cial. 

fioklli pi., tawdry finery, •.owac 
si§ *^r to attire oneself; dress out, 

fioi^lek ^ r^otj violet, -kowy ^ 
violet..., of violets; violet-blue. 

fiolet "? violet, violet-blue colour. 
•-owy ^ violet, violet-blue. 

firanKa^, curtain, 

fircyk'^ coxcomb, ft)p. -vowaty? 
foppish, coxcoraicai. 

firleie pl; stroic ^, commit follies, 
play tricks. ' . .' 

firletka ^, fbotj rose-campion. 

firma^, (handlowa) firm. 

firmament"^ firmament, sky. 

iirman "^ firman. 

fiskalnllOSC ^, finances pi.., Trea- 
sury. m,Y f fiscal. 

fiskus ^ fisc. Exchequer. 

fistuia *", (med.) fistula ; (o glo- 
siej falsetto; ipitwac fistuia, to 
sing falsetto. 

fiszbin "^ whale bone. 

fiXL fin, w glowie, he is a 

windy fellow, -.tyniec '^ windy 
fellow. 

fizy-czny f physical, -^k "!? phy- 
sicist; physician; ^k powiatowy, 
district-physician, -.ka ^, phy- 
sics. 

fizyolo^ "^ physiologist, -.ia ^, 
physiology, -^icznie '^^ physiolo- 
gically, according to the laws of 
physiology. ««iczny " physiolo- 
gic(al). 

fizyonomil!a ^, physiognomy, facial 
expression, •.sta'^ physiognomist. 

flacha ^, big bottle.^ 

flader ™ C^ drzewiej fibre. 

fladra^, fzoj flounder; slattern. 

flagaV storm; flag. 



flak"!; gut, intestine, s^i pL, tni)e. 

flakowallciec "^^ to flag, hang 
loose. *ty " flaggy, flaccid 

flanela*", flannel. 

flank '" (^miij flank, side, -.ier 1J 
skirmisher, flanker, -owac ^f 
to flank. 

flaszlla, -'ka*', bottle, flask, -.e- 
czka*i flagon, small bottle, phial. 

flegma ^, phlegm ; f fig. j cold blood, 
coolness, 

flegmatyczn!!osc ^, c»ld blood, 
sluggishne.>3S. *y ^ phlegmatic(al), 
sluggish in temperament. 

flegmatyk'^ phlegmatic person. 

flegmistllosc ^, mucousness. -.y ^ 
phlegmatical , abounding in 
phlegm. « [person, sloven, 

flejtnch ^, lint; ("fig.J slovenly 

f et "y Cmuz.j flute. *nia ^, •'ro- 
wers "^ German flute. *»nista "' 
flute-player. 

flinta^, gun, musket. 

flis, --ak "^^ raftsman, -.owka^, 
floated wood, -.owstwo ^ pro- 
fession of a raftsman. 

flora ^, flora. 

floren "^ florin, guilder. 

floresy pi-, flourish (set-off). 

floret ™ foil (for fencing), 

flotlla^, navy, fleet, --ylla^, flo- 
tilla, squadron, 

fluksya,^» fluxion; swollen cheek. 

fochy ph, pout; stroic ~, to be 
in the pouts. 

foka^, fzo.J seal, sea-calf. 

folarski ? fuller's. 

folgila ^, relaxation, relief, -.o- 
wac '^" to rel ax, alleviate ; indulge, 
-^-owanie "J indulgence. 

foliai "; folio. 

fol!!owac, --nszowac '"^ ('mknoj 
to full. *owanie" fulling, -nsz'^ 
fulling-mill, •.usznik '^ fuller. 

folwarllczny ^ farm ... -.k "^ 
farm, farmstead. 

fomfry pi, whims pl.j freaks pi. 

fontanna ^, fountain, water-spout. 

fontaz"^ cockade, knot (of ribbons), 

fora *, out with him ! get you gonei 



46 



foremnie 



foremnllie "? nicely, shapely; re- 
gularly. '*0SC*', shapeliness; re- 
gularity. m.y f well-shaped; re- 
gular. 

forma ^, form, shape ; mould ; cast ; 
(gram J form. *.cya^, formation, 
-"lista^, formalist. «*.lnie ^V iu 
due form , formally. «^lnosc ^, 
formality. -Iny ? formal, out- 
right, -.t™ size (of a book); -,t 
v/ civiartce, quarto. . 

formiellrski " embosser's, moul- 
der's; robota *.rska, embossery. 
««»'rstwo "J the art of embossing. 
*.rz ^ moulder; embosser. 

formowallc ^" to form, to shape; 
formuj sie.f dress your ranks! <^c 
si§, to form the ranks, fall in. 
^-nie ^ forming. 

formullia ^, formula, --larz "IJ 
formulary, schedule. 

fornal "^ horse-boy, farmer's ser- 
vant. *>.ka*", team of four farm- 
horses. *.ski^ horse-boy's, cart. .; 
]co7i -^ski, farm-horse, cart-horse. 

fomier ^ inlay, veneer. *.owa- 
nie ^ veneering. [guard. 

forpoczta ^, outpost, advanced 

forsila^, force, effort. *.owac '^^ 
to force, to urge, -vowailie "J 
forcing, urging. 

fort "7 fmil.J fort. 

f6rtlla, --ka^, wicket, little gate. 

forteca^, fortress. 

fortel ™ artifice, stratagem. *.ny^ 
cunning, knavish. 

fortepian "^ pianoforte, piano. 

fortunila*", fortune; wealth; luck. 
-*.ka^. small fortune, possession. 
•.nie'^*?fortunat«ly; prosperously. 
•-ny ^ lucky, fortunate. [ster). 

f6rtyan "^ door-keeper (of a cloi- 

fortyfikllacya ^, fortification, -^o- 
wac '^" to fortify. *'Owanie "I 
fortification. 

forum " forum, court. 

forys "7 out- rider, jockey. 

forytilarz "J furtherer, promoter. 
•-Owac ^'f to favour, support. 

fosa*", moat, deep trench. 



fryga 

fosfor™ phosphorus, •.an "^ phos- 
phate, -ek "V fchemj phosphide. 
'•-escencya ^, phosphorescence, 
^owy " phosphorous, -^yczny " 
phosphoric. *.yt ^ phosphorite. 

fotel '" arm-chair. 

fotograf"^ photographer, -^ia^, 
photography; photo, photograph. 
*0wac ^? photograph. 

frachfy freight, cargo ; freightage, 
freight, -owy " freight; «.owy 
list, bill of freight •-owy okret, 
trader, merchant-man. 

frak "^ dress-coat. 

framuga*", niche. 

franclla *i venereal disease, •-owa- 
ty ^ infected with venereal dis- 

francik '^ vid. frant. [ease. 

franciszkan, --in "' Franciscan 
(friar). 

francuzlliec ^V to contract French 
habits etc. -^czyzna *", French 
fashion and language ; Freuchism. 

francymer "^ lady's maids. 

frank ",' franc. 

franko '^'^ post-paid. -».wac ""? 
t<S frank, prepay, •-owanie 7 
prepayment (of letters). 

frant '^ sly-boots, cunning fellow. 
-OWStwo " roguery, wagglshne?s. 

frasobliwllosc ^t inclination for 
sorrowfulness, affliction, •-y ^ 
grievous, afflicted. 

frasilowac si§ ^T to pine, grieve, 
^unek '^ grieve, trouble, affliction. 

fraszklla*", trifle, trash, feather, 
-ownis '^ trifler. 

frazes "? phrase, -•owicz'^ phrase- 

fredzla*", fringe. [monger. 

fregata^, frigate. 

front "^ Carch. & mil. J front. 

fruczec ^f to roar, rush. 

frukt, vid. oiooc. 

fryc'^ novice, new beginner, green 
hand, -o-owe " zaptacic •-owe, 
to pay dear for one's experience, 
buy wit. •'6wka ^, reprimand, 
lecture; dac komu -.owk^, to 
cudgel a person; read a lecture. 

fryga*", top, humming-top. 



frykas 

frykas ™ fricassee. 

frykcya^, friction, rubbing. 

frymarllczyc *^f to barter, truck, 
i^k "i truck, bartering. 

fryszerka *", finery. 

fryz '" (arch.) frieze. 

fryzlowac ^? to frizzle, curl. 
'»'Ura *", bair-dress. *.yer *? head- 
dresser. 

fugiia^, joint, mortise; (muz.) fu- 
gue. «.owac ^^ to joint, mortise. 

fugas, ~ chrustas zrobic, to run off. 

fuiarlia, *ka^, fife, shalra. 

fukliac ""?■ to chide, rebuke, scold, 
•'liwy f scolding, reprimanding. 

fular *; silk-sUiff, foulard; foulard 
(handkerchief). , [flation. 

fumy pi; (figj bloatedness, in- 

fundacya^, foundation, establish- 
ment; legacy, bequest. 

fundament ^ foundation -wall; 
base, foundation, •-alny " fun- 
damental, well-gronded. 

fundL'ator '^ founder, establisher. 
-"OWac ^"^ to found ; treat, feast. 
•'USZ "7 fund, capital, stock; bra6 
kogo na <^XLSZ, to make sport of a 
person, -^nszowy" of foundation, 
stock 

fundusik ™ small fund, capital. 

funkcya^, function, office; (mat.) 
function. 

funt ^ pound ; zekpa6 na -^y, to 
scold much. *owy " pound . . . 

fura*", waggon, cart. ♦ 

furai'T forage, -owac^? to forage, 
-^-owanie "J forage. 

furda/, trifling matter, small 
matter. [munition waggon. 

fureron ^ baggage-waggon ; am- 

furka^, small cart-load. 

furman ™ coachman, driver, hack- 
ney-coachman, •.ic ^^ to serve 
as a coachman; drive a coach, 
•^ka^, hackney-coach. 

funnansl!ki 'J' carrier's/, cart . . . ; 
^ki kon, cart-horse. -^two " 
coachman's employment. 

furya *", fury, rage; ffig.J fury, 
furious woman, -►t, vid. gzaleniec. 



gMantemik 47 

fQsy pi., feces pi., sediment, 
grounds pi. 

faszer "i bungler, •.stwo V bung- 
ling work, bungle. 

fateral "I case, box, covering. 

fatllerko ^ small fur-coat, -.ro 7 
fur, pelt; fur-coat. «»rzany f 

fator "? farm. [furred. 

fntrowac ""^ to inlay with wood. 

fuzylla, *jka ^ gun, fowling-piece. 



a. 

gabczastlloic ', sponginess, fun- 
gosity. •.y ^ spongy. 

gabinellcik "l? small cabinet. *.t ^ 
cabinet; closet, study, -^towy ? 
cabinet; rozkaz •-towy, Order 

gabka ^, sponge. [in Council 

gallc <", fascine; fa8cine-work.-*cic^? 
to fascine. 

gach ™ ladies' man. 

gacie pl.j drawers pi. 

gad^ reptile. 

gadallc ""f to talk; fna kogoj re- 
buke, reproach, •cz ^ swaggerer. 
•-nie ^ talk, -.nina ^, idle talk. 

gadatliwilosc ^, talkativeness, lo- 
quacity, •y f loquacious, tal- 
kative, garulous. [port, news. 

gadka *i talk ; riddle, enigma ; re- 

gadn, gadu, tittle-tattle, •ja'^ 
-'Iska*', prattler, tattler, chatte- 
rer. *.lstwa ^ prattle, tattle. 

gadziel <i (hot. J bugle. 

gadzina <; (zoj reptile ; adder, 
asp; (fig J reptile (person). 

gagat ""y (min.J jet. 

gagatek '^ favourite, darling. 

gallic ^'?^ (las) to thin; cover with 
leaves, --k ^ little grove. 

gai '^ grove, •owy "^ wood-kee- 
per, -.owy f forest . . . 

gala*", pomp, festivity. 

galant '^ gallant, -.erya *", gal- 
lantry. *.emik " jeweller; toy- 
man, dealer In fancy-goods. 



^8 



.galar 



galar'J galley, 
galarepa*", cole-rape, 
galaretila^, jelly, -.owy ? jellied, 
galas "^ oak-apple, gallnut. *.6- 

wka^, (zo.J gall-fly, gall-insect. 
gatij§z ^, bough, branch, twig. 

*'azka^, twig, sprig, branchlet. 
galban "^ galbanum. [slave, 

galerli'a'i galley, *nik J galley- 
galerllya ''', (arch. & te.J gallery ; 

-wya obrazdw, picture-gallery. 

-'yjka*", small gallery, 
gaiezisty " full of branches, 

branchy, 
gaigan '^ rag; tatter ; ragamuffin, 

wretch; ^6o«.y galanga ^-ek^ rag. 

-^iarka ^, rag-woman, --iarz "^ 

ragman, ragpicker, 
gatgaiisljki " ragged; wretched, 

wicked, worthless, •-two " ragsjpL, 

tatters pi. ; (fig J ragamuffins pi. 
gatka ^, ball, globule ; (a szpadyj 

pommel; (do wotowaniaj ballot; 

^ muszkatowa, nutmeg, 
galman "i (min.J calamin, calamine, 
galon "^ galoon, lace. 
galop i; gallop. *vada ^, (taniec) 

gallopad. -.owac '^V' to gallop, 
galowy " festival, dress . . . 
galncha \ (hot ) arnot, earthnut. 
gaiuszyc ^f to roar, make a noise, 
gamon "^ numskull, dunce.. 
ganek "^ balcony; passage, corri- 
gangrena ^, (me'dj gangrene, [dor. 
ganillc ^? to blame, •-ciel "^ cen- 

surer, fault-finder, 
gap' ^ gaper, starer. 
gapific sif'^r to gape, stare, -ec^^ 

to stare, gape ; become silly. *.o- 

watosc U silliness. *owaty " 

silly. 
garb 'J hump, humpback, •-a- 

ciec '^V' to grow humpbacked. 

-^acizna^, crookedness. *.aty " 

humpbacked, hunchbacked, 
garballrczyk "^ tanner's journey- 
man. *.rnia, tan-yard, tannery. 

«*rski? tanner's; ~ ~ noi, tanner's 

scraping-knife. *.rstwo \ tanner's 

trade. *rz "J tanner. 



gasnieme 

garble si§ "^r to stoop, bend. ' 

garbnik'; tannin 

garbowallc '^f to tan ; (fig.) *,c 
komu skorf, to beat one soundly, 
-nie ^ tanning. 

garbusj'^ek'^ hunchbacked fellow. 

garderoblia ^, wardrobe ; clothesi?!. 
''-iana ^, waiting-woman, lady's 
maid. 

gardiacz 'V (om j cropper. 

gardlo ^ throat; (fig.j life; I6l 
gardta, sore throat ; na caie -w, 
with full throat. *.wy " throaty, 
guttural; sprawa •-wa, hanging 
matter. *.wac ^f to bawl, voci- 
ferate. 

gardzllenie, vid.pogarda. •-ic^'i^to 
despise, contemn, scorn. *iciel " 
despiser, scorner. 

gardziel ^, (anat.j oesophagus; 
gullet; (u ptdkowj crop. 

garkowiec "^ top-stone. 

garkuclinia ^, cook-shop. 

gamac sif '^X to draw near ; (do 
czegoj to set about, take in hand. 

garnllcarski? potter's, -.carstwo " 
pottery, potter's trade, •-carz 1J 
potter. «.c6wka ^, -iec "i gallon, 
•^ek"^ pot. ---eczek ™ pipkin. 

gamirowajlc '^^ to garnish, trim, 
^-nie ^ garnishing, trimming.^ 

garnitur '^ set, suit. 

garnizon "^ garrison. 

garnuszek "^ pipkin. 

garllsc^, handful; small quantity; 
^sciami, by handfuls. -►stka ^, 
(figj handful. 

garuga^, (mar.) side-wind. 

gasillc ^^ to put out, extinguish; 
(pragnieniej to quench •►ciel '^ 
extinguisher. *dlo \ utensil for 
extinguishing fire. 

gaslliatko "J gosling, -ienica *". 
caterpillar, worm -wior",' gander; 
large big-bellied bottle, gutter- 
tile. -*ka^, gosling; the game of 
goose; (fig.) simpleton. 

gasnac ^^,^ to be going out , (fig. / 
to be eclipsed. 

gasnienie^ extinction ; expiration. 



gaszcz 

gaszcz ^ thicket. 

gaszek ™ young ladies^ man. 

gatM pi; drawers pi. 

gatunllek "^ kind, species, sort, 

quality. *.kowac "^ to sort. 

wkowanie ^ sorting, -.kowy " 

("fiz.J specific; fgramj appellative, 

generic, 
gawejida ^, cozy chat ; ("bot.J China 

aster. -*da %' chatterer, tattler. 

••-dka^, cozy chat. -»dzic "^^^ tio 

chat, tattle. 

gawiedz^, gaping crowd, 
gawot '" gavot. 
gawron ^ gaper, starer. •-ic sie ^f 

to gape, stare. 
gaz "^ gas ; -. roziocselujacy, laugh- 
gaza^i gauze. * Jgas. 

gaza^, pay, salary; 



gazeciajirski 



newspaper . . 



«*rstwo" journalism, •^rz'? jour- 
nalist, reporter; news-monger. 

gazeta^, gazette. 

gazollmetr "^ gas-holder, gaso- 
meter, ^wy " gauzy; gaf^eous; 
gas.. 

gbnr"^ boor, churl, clown ; peasant, 
-^ski " peasant's, ^-stwo " pea- 
santry. 

gburowallciec ""? to get countri- 
fied.^ **tO "5^ boorishly, churlishly. 
-tOSC ^y boorish behaviour, chur- 
lishness, coarseness, -wty " boor- 
ish, chui-lish, cloddLsh. 

^dakaiic ^',* to cackle, -vnie "J 
cackling. 

gdera "IJ ^ ^, grumbler, --c ^? to 
rebuke, grumble, growl. *,cz "^ 
growler, grumbler, •.nie "J growl, 
grumble. 

gdula^, /^srrtwzfca; pounder; (T>ot.J 
cyclamen, sow-bread. 

gdy? when, as. *.by f if; -vby 
nie to, were it not for. 

gdyrac, vid. gdcrac. 

gdyz f for, beause, since. 

gdzie '^p where ; ^ niegdzie, here 
and there; ^ indziej, somewhere 
else, elsewhere; •/ tylko, every- 
where; ~ tarn! ~ zaJl oh I no I by 
Czesc pcUko-angielsTca. 



giestykulator 49 

no means! *.kolwiek <*? where- 
soever, any where. •.§ "^? some- 
where, •.stu ^? hereabout, •.z <^? 
where, whither. 

geba^, mouth; Y??Mlgr.^ neb; miec 
gcbe, to have a loose tongue, 
-^-'cz ^ large mouth, braggart. 

gfbkoWatOSC, vid. gahczastoS6. 

gegaliC *"? to cackle. •-nie " 
cackling, cackle. 

genealogliia \ genealogy, -.iczny *? 
genealogical. 

general!!:'^ general. -*lny "general, 
-^towa \ general's wife. -IsM ^ 
general's. 

genialllnosc ^, genius, ingenuity, 
•^-ny '^ full of genius, ingenious. 

geniusz "' genius. *.ek ",' infant 
prodigy. 

geograf "^ geographer, -^ia ^, 
geography, -.iczny^ geographical. 

geolog "^ geologist. -,ia ♦", geology. 

geometrlla"!; land-surveyor, -.ya^i 
geometry. 

gells ^, Czo.J goose. *si ? goose . . . ; 
pioro *.sie (do pisayiiaj, goose- 
quill; isc '^siegOjto walk in single 
file. 

gescillc ""f to thicken, ••ec ^ vid. 
go.snac. *.e] **? comp. od gesty. 

gesi^ vid. ges. •-ca^, Corn.J spoon- 

gesl ^, a kind of zithern. [bill- 

gesllnac, --tnac, -^tniec , to 
thicken, grow" thick 

gestllo **? thickly, closely; czesio 
^0, oftentimes. *.0SC ^, thickness, 
closeness, density, ^wa, •'Wina ^, 
thicket, jungle, -^y ^ thick, close. 



giac ^^ to bend, bow. 



[fro. 



gibac'^^to balance, bend to and 
gibklli " pliable, flexible, pliant. 

-.0 **? pliably. «».osc ^, pliancy, 

flexibility. [cychj, vid. ge . . . 

gie , ,, fw niektorych wyrazach ob- 
giellida ^« exchange, (londynikaj 

'Change; guild.-»dowy,*d2iauy? 

exchange... 

giermek ^ shield-bearer, 
giest "y gesture, -.ykulacya f. 

geaticulation. «»ykiilator 'y gesti- 



50 giestykulowa6 

cuiator. -wykulowac *^^ to gesti- 
culate. 

gi^tkjii ? pliant, flexible, supple, 
••osc ^, pliancy, flexiblcness. 

giez '^ (pi- gzy) gadllv, breeze; 
rut; rankness; gzij stroic. to 
dally, romp. 

gil ^, CornJ bulfiach, redfinch. 

gilbas "^ big fellow. 

gilotynlia^, guillotine, -.owac^^ 
to guillotine, behead. 

gimnastyllcznyf gymnastic, -.k'^ 
gymnast. ~ka^, gymnastics.^ , 

gimnazylialny ^ gymnasical. ~a- 
sta "^ public school boy. *.um ^ 
fw AngliiJ public school; gym- 
nasium. 

ginac ^? to perish. 

gips "^ gypsum, plaster of Paris. 
-owac "f to plaster. ~owanie "J 
plastering. -*.owy " made of 
plaster, piaster . . . 

girafa^, (zo.) giraffe. 

girlanda^, garland, wreath. 

gisernia ^, cast-house, foundery. 

gitalira *i guitar, -.rzysta "^ guitar- 
player. 

gtab"^ stump, stalk (of a cabbage). 

glab'^, depth, deepness; back- 
ground; (krajuj innermost part; 
z gipbi serca, from the bottom 
of the heart. 

gtabillasty f stalky, stumpy. 
-^-ec ^V' to grow stumpy, stalky. 

gtadklli ^ even, smooth; hand- 
some, fine; CniowaJ glib; (mate- 
ryaj plain; ffig.J easy, ^o <^? 
smoothly; handsomely; plainly, 
roundly. *.OSC *", evenness, smooth- 
ness; glibness; fineness beauty. 

gia!Idysz 1 masher, spark, -.dy- 
szka^, -'dzidio "J paper-kniie. 
•dzic '"^' to even, smooth ; adorn, 
garnish; CfigJ to refine; (winp 
to make good. 

glanllc, *s "^ lustre, gloss, -.so- 
wac ^f to polish, gloss, -co- 
wany, -sowany " glittering; 
^sotcane rfkawiczki, kid -gloves; 
^6tnG ^8owa7ie, buckram.. m'SO- 



glowa 

wnik"^ polisher -►sowny^ glossy, 
brilliant, bright. 

glaskallc '^^ to stroke; ^figj to 
fondle, caress, -^-nie ^ stroking; 
('figj caress. 

glaz "^ stone, rock; CfgJ stone. 

glazura^, potter's glazing. 

gleba^, clod, land. 

glebiila, ^na^, deep, depth. 

giebiej '^^ comp. od gleboko. 

gleboklii^ deep, profound. *o "? 
deeply, profoundly. *.osc^, deep- 
ness, profoundness. 

glejt "' safe -conduct, letter o£ 
safe- conduct. 

gliceryna^, glycerin(e). - 

glinl.'a^, clay, loam. -*.iany?made 
of clay, earthen, ^-iasty *? clayey,, 
loamy. 

glinklla ^, bole, stamped bolary 
earth. *,i pi., loam-].it. 

glista*", earth-worm, belly-worm. 

glob "^ (terrestrial) globe. 

gi(5d '5 hunger; faminej umierac 
z -.u, to starve, 

glodek "^ l^hotj ytHow daisy. 

giodnlliec^" to hunger, be hungry. 
-.0 <^'-^ -0 uujglndac, to look 
hungry, ^y f hungry. 

giodzic '^'^ to farjii<h. [haw. 

giog ",' hawthorn ; hawthorn berry, 

giogowy ^ hawthorn . . . 

gios "^ voice, sound; vote, suf- 
frage; zahrac *, to rise up to 
speak, -..ic ^f to proclaim, an- 
nounce, -..ka^, letter, character. 

gtosnilia ^, glottis. *.o ^^ aloud, 
loudly; publicly. *.osc ^, loud- 
ness; renown, celebrity. *.y * 
loud; famous, celebrated. 

glosowllac '^^ to vote, ballot. 
~anie '", balloting, --y ^ vocal. 

glosujacy "IJ balloter. 

giowlla"^, head; C fig J chiei; od 
stop do gtdw, from top to toe, 
cap-a-pie; ~a cw7cru, loaf of su- 
gar; tgt <*.y, occiput; *.a kapustt/t 
cabbage; -.a ottvarta. clever 
man; z odkryta -»a, bareheaded; 
w ^-e zachodzic^ to be puzzled 



giowacz 

extremely; tamac sobie •.§, to 
rack one's brains; zawrocid *.e, 
to turn the mind; w -vie «ii sip me 
dice pomiescic, it surpasses my 
comprehension; przyszlo mi do 
•ry, it came to my mind. «*yjpi., 
bed -head, -^acz '^ big-headed 
man; fimble-hemp; ^zo J miller's 
thumb, -i ^ head . . . -^iasty " 
big-headed; knobby, -^ica^i fu 
szpadyj pommel. -I'ieilka^i vid. 
gtdwnia. 

giowizna ^, head of a Jiog. 

giowka *i little head; fu ipilliij 
pinhead; ~ maku^ poppy-head. 

gibwnia \ firebrand; (u szahli etcj 
blade; (arch.J shaft. 

gt6wnl|odowodzacy " town-ma- 
jor; comander in chief. *.y f 
chief, main, principal. 

gtuchnac ^"f to grow deaf. 

gtucho''^i> deafJy; quite still, 
••niemy " deaf and dumb, -vta ^, 
deafness. ~ 

gtucliy ^ deaf; hollow; giuche 
milczenie, gloomy silence; giuche 
wiesci krqia, it is whispered about. 

glukanie " (w brzuchuj grumble. 

glupiiawosc, -'Owatosc^, sottish- 

ness, silliness, •-awy, --owaty ? 

sottish, doting, foolish 
gttipi ^ stupid, dull; stupified. 

•■ec'^blockhead, dunce, ninny, ass. 

«*ec ^^ to become stupid, ^.q ap 

stupidly, •.uchny ^ foolish, 
gtupka^t stupid woman, 
gtup; stwo 7 stupidity, nonsense; 

trash, no matter. *tas "^ noodle, 

dunce 
gluszec "^ (otn.) mountain-cock, 
ginszyc ^"^ to deafen, stun ; ff.g.J 

hinder from growth, choke up. 
gmach ^ edifice, structure, 
gmatwallc''^ to embroil, confound 



goclnos6 



51 



perplex. 



'nina \ confusion, 



mingle-mangle, intricacy, 
gmerac ^?" to fumble, rummage; 

(fig. J ~ nad czem, to cudgel one's 

brains about something. 
gmiu ^ common people; popu- 



lace, mob. -.a ^, community; 
village, •-nie "*^ trivially, -nosc \ 
vulgarity, rusticity, •.ny f com-* 
munal; vulgar, mean, low. 

gnac ^^ to run, pursue, drive, 

gnat ™ bone. [quickly. 

gnebic ^" ffig.J to oppress, [bay. 

gmadllosz, *y "IJ bay-horse. *.y f 

gniazdli'eczko 7 little nest, -o "? 
nest; lineage, family; native 
country; z jednego *.a, at one 
brood, -vowiec, -^osz ^, (orn.) 
eyas, •-owy ^ nest . . 

gnillc *"? to rot, moulder, putrefy. 
*cie " putrefaction, putridness. 

gnidila*", nit. -»osz ™ ('feof.^ louse- 
wort. 



gmesc 



to press , squeeze ; 



(ciastoj to knead; (fig. J to op- 
press; ten trzewik mnie gniecie, 
this shoe pinches me 

gniew'^ anger, wrath, indignation. 
•*ac ^?' to make angry. *.ac sif 
(na kogoj, to be angry (with one), 
••liwy " irascible, irritable. *.li- 
WOSC ^, irascibility, inclination 
to auger. *.ny ? passionate, irri- 
tated ; angry. __ 

gniezdzic si§ '^f to build nests, 
nestle; (fig.J to settle. 

gnilec '^ scurvy. 

gnoic^? to dung, manure. •» si§ "^T 
to suppurate. 

gii6j "^ dung, manure, muck. 

gnojliek'^ nasty person. •.nicaT^, 
plash, bog; ^6oO nostoc. •.nik'^ 
(bot.J egg- agaric, --ny ^ dungy. 
-dwka *; dung- water, -owisko "i 
dunghill. 

gnusnilie, *o <*? lazily, idly. *iec ^ 
to grow slothful, lounge, be idle. 
-^ik '^ sluggard, lounger. *.0SC^, 
idleness, sloth, laziness. m.j f 
slothful, idle, lazy. 

gnyp "^ shoemaker's knife. 

go ^^ accus. od on. 

godio 1 symbol ; metto ; badge, 
token, 

godnllie**? worthily. •'OSC ^, worthi- 
ness; high rank; dignity; jaJ: 

4' 



j&n godny 

-"Osc PansTca? what is your name? 
jvlease. -^y ^ worthy, deserving; 
honourable, respectable. 

godowHac '^V' to feast, •.nik.'^ 
fcaster. m.y f festive. 

gody pi., feast, entertainment; 
», weselne, marriage-feast. 

godzic '^"? to make agree, recon- 
cile ; hire ;, ~ na zycie, to attempt 
a man's life; ~ 5?e do czego, to 
be good for, be fit for a thing; 
., .sip na CO, to agree on a thing ; 
^ sie z. fciwi, to come to an agree- 
ment with one ; fniej godzi sip, it is 
(un)becoming, it is t«n)seemly. 

gcdzinlla ^, hour ; pot ^f; half an 
hour; ktora -^a? what time is 
it? jest druga i*.a, it is two 
o'clock; za *.§, within an hour, 
in an hour's time ; co m,^^ hourly, 
-ki pi', horary prayers. «viiy ? 
hourly. 

godziwllie <*^ permissively, ad- 
missibly. •'OSC \ becomingness, 
admissibility. *.y f equitable, ad- 
missible. 

gollic^^to heal, <vjenie ^ healing. 

goiallb' "? ^pigeon, dove; siwy jak 
*.!>% quite gray-haired, •.hek "!? 
little dove. «.bka, goi§bica ^, 
hen-pigeon. [barber. 

golallrnia^, barber's shop., -rz'; 

gotfblli f dove's, -.ica ^, hen- 
pigeon, -.iczy ^ '«'icza prostata, 
harmlessness of doves, ^jiik 'J 
dovecot, pigeon- house; (om.J 
goshawk, pigeon-hawk. 

golec *? naked man; poor devil, 
poor wretch. 

golelln ', shin, -^niowy * TcoiS 
<^niowa, shin-bone. 

golillbroda"!? shaver, barber, -.c^f 
to shave; (fig. J to fleece, bleed 
one; dac sip -*c, to get shaved, 
•-zna^, nakedness; poverty, mi- 
sery. 

g61ka ', naked posteriors ; fmuz.J 
sendbreve. [swallow. 

golnac '*^f to give a blow; quaff, 

goJQ «p nakedly. »ledz^« glazed 



goretszy 

frost, •.slowny f verb?.!, literal, 
••"was '^ beardless youth. 

goluchny f stark-naked. 

golyf naked, bare; poor; z gota 
gtowa, bare-headed; pod golem 
niebem, in the open air; -• jak 
iwiety iurecTci, poor as Job. ^sz, 
vid. hotysz. 

gom6ika^, whey-cheese. 

gonciallny f shingle . . ^^rz ^ 
shingle-maker. 

gonczy ^ pursuing; listy goiicze^ 
warrant of caption ; pies ^, hun- 
ting dog,* hound. 

goni'rlc '^f^ to run after, pursue, 
chase; -.6 ostatkami, to be at 
the utmost extremity. *,eC "^ 
courier, forerunner, •-enie? pur- 
suing, ••ony "^ prisoner's bars, 
catch-who-catch-can. -^tewny ♦ 
race . . . ^.twa ^, race, course. 

gont 1J shingle. 

gora fi mountain ; upper floor ; top ; 
ku gorze, na garze, tu gdrze, up, 
upwards, on high, above;" pod 
gorp, up hill ; do gory nogavii, up- 
side down; z gory ptacic, to pay 
beforehand; z gory wiedziec, tc 
know by anticipation; z gdra. 
(z oklademj, upwards; gdrp (nad 
kimj wziac, to get the upper hand. 

goracllo ^ heat. -.0 <*? hotly; 
eagerly; jest ^.o na dworze^ it is 
hot weather; -.0 mi, I am hot; 
•.0 Tcapany, hot-brained. ••OSC^, 
heat;* Cfig.J zeal, eagerness, •.y f 
hot; ardent, eager; na •.ym 
uczynkUy in the" very act. 

goraczk!!a *i fever, ague ; spitfire, 
hotspur; -.a mleczna, milk fever. 
--Owy ^ febrile, feverish ftez fig. J. 

g6ral ^ •'ka ^, mountaineer, high- 
lander, 'wski f mountainer's. 

gorczyllca^i mustard, •-cznlk *? 
fbotj hedge-mustard, -czny f 
mustard . . . 

gorellc ^f to burn, flame, -jacy ? 
burning, fiery, fervent. 

gorellcej, comp. od gor^co. ^-tszy ? 
covip. od gorg4^. 



gorka 

gdrka'', hill, monticle. 

gorliwii'osc *", zeal, ardour, •-y ^ 
zealous, ardent. 

gdmica^, round (of beef etc.). 

gorniilctwo " science of mining; 
mining, -^czy ?■ relating to the 
working of mines, mining. -*k "^ 
miner. 

g6rnl|0, •'ie <*^ sublimely; haugh- 
tily, proudly. -OSC ^, loftiness, 
sublimity. *,y ^ upper, upland; 
lofty, elevated, sublime. 

g6rowai|C '^V' to overlook, com- 
mand, predominate; fnad kimj 
to have an ascendency over, 
•-nie " elevation; CfigJ upper- 
hand, superiority. 

gors'y bosom; frill. *.et "^ bodice, 
stays pi. -.owac sie ""C to be de- 
collete. 

gorszilacy " scandalizing, giving 
offence. -*.y ^ worse ; co gorsza, 
what is worse. *.yc ^^ to raise 
a scandal, set a bad example. 
'*yc si§ ^r Cczem) to be scanda- 
lised at a thing. 

gorycz ^, bitterness. «,ka^, (hot.) 
geutian,bitter-wort ; bitterishness. 
•'iiik, gorysz ™ (hot.j hog- fennel. 

gorzaika^, brandy, wisky. 

gorzec '^f to flame, burn ;" CflgJ to 
be inflames, be inflamed with... 

gorzej ^p worse; co raz ~, worse 
and worse. 

gorzelni.ia ^, distillery. *.ik, -^y"^ 
distiller. 

gorzkiiawy ? somewhat bitter, 
bitterish, -i f bitter. «nac ^^ 
to become bitter. -*o ^^ bitterly. 
•-OSC *", bitterness. 

gorzykwiat ^ (hot.) adonis. 

g6rzyst,'0 "? wygladac *o, to look 
hilly, •.y ^ mountainous, hilly. 

goslic "? guest, visitor; -cie pl.^ 
company of guests, •-cic ^? to 
reside somewhere as a guest. 
'•'Cina ^, harbourage, shelter ; inn ; 
visit; stanac •.cina, to put up 
at. . . •^ciniec" inn,'"public house; 
high-road, high-way. •cinnosc ^, 



grabarz 



53 



hospitality, -^cinny "hospitable; 
pokdj -.cinny, guest-chamber. 

gospoda ^, inn, public house, hotel. 

gospodarli'czy ^ economic; hus- 
bandry... ., of rural economy, 
•-nie <^p economically, sparingly, 
•^nosc *i thriftiness, good hus» 
bandry. -^ny •?■ thrifty, sparing, 
economic, -^owac "\^ to keep 
house; husband; (czetnj to ma- 
nage, administer, •.owanie 7 
(majatkiemj management (of an 
estate). *.ski " house-keeping; 
householder's, -•.stwo "J house- 
keeping, husbandry; rural eco- 
nomy; master of the house and 
his wife. 

gospodarz "^ landlord; inn-kee- 
per, house-keeper; master of the 
house; husbandman. «*yc^^vi<Z. 
gospodaroiuac. 

gospodne "^ pay for lodging. 

gospolldyni ^, hostess, landlady; 
housewife; lady of the house. 
*'Sia*", (good) housewife. 

gotdwf ready, prepared; willing; 
gotowe pieniadze, ready money 

gotowac ^'? 'to cook, boil ; get or 
make ready, to prepare. '» sig ^T 
to be impending; get ready. 

gotowalnia ^, toilette, dressing- 
table. -*ny ^ dressing . . . 

gotowiutenki ^ quite ready. 

gotiowizna, '*6wka*i ready mo- 
ney, cash ; gotowka ptacic, to pay 
down. '' [gotoiu. 

gotowllosc ^, readiness, ^.y f vid 

gotycki ^^ Gothic. 

gowniiiarz "^ dung-farmer; filth j 
man, -..o "J excrement, mire. 

g(3zdz "^ vid. gwozdz. 

gozdzik '^ (hot. J clove-pink, gilly- 
flower. *owy olejek, oil of cloves. 

gra*", play; game; ^ w karty etc., 
game at cards;' ~ hazardowna^ 
game of hazard; ^ xzulerska, 
gaming, gambling. 

grab '^ yoke-elm, horn-beam. 

grabailrski ^ digger's. *rz " digger, 
grave-digger. 



54 



anrabifi 



grabillc V? to rake, gather ; seize, 
plunder, -.e pi-, rake, •-ez ^, 
seizure, rapine, pillage, -wezca '^ 

. plunderer, purl&iner. *.eznosc ^, 
rapaciousness. -».ezny f rapacious, 
-xezyc '"V' to rape. 

grabiec ^^ to getpumbed, stiflfen. 

grabina ^, yoke-elm-wood. 

grabi'ki pi., forks pi. *,isko 'J 
handle of a rake. 

grac, grywac '^'',^ to play; game; 
*, na fortepianie, to play the piano- 
forte; ~ w kartyy to play at cards; 
«. role, to act or perform a part; 
^natrabie, to blow the trumpet; 
», o CO,' to play for. . . 

graca^, hoe, mattock; ~ mularska, 
beater. 

graciki pi., knicknacks pi. 

grackiii f brave, stout, valiant; 
clever, .-o ^} bravely; cleverly. 

gracowac ^^ to work with a hoe, 

gracya*^ grace, charm. [to hoe. 

gracz",' player, gamester; gambler. 

grad ^ hail, hailstone, -wobicie " 
damage caused by hail ; zabezpic- 
czenie. od ~obicia, hail-insurance. 
•'Owisko " field waisted by hail, 
•.owy " haily. ^uat '^ gradual. 

grafka^, slate-pencil. 

grajcar "^ wad-hook, worm ; cork- 
screw; kreuzer. *.ek^ corkscrew. 

grajek '^ yiolin-player, fiddler. 

gramatka^, ale-berry. 

gramatylcznosc ^, grammatical- 
ness. ^czny" grammatical, -^-k"^ 
grammarian. «*.ka*", grammar. 

gramolic sie "^^f to clamber, 
scramble, climb. 

gran ^, grain. 

granaf^ ^wm,^ garnet; Cmil.J gre- 
nade, shell; fbot.J pomegranate, 
•■ek ^ fbot.J horrainum. ^.nik^," 
howitzer, mortar (piece), •.owo '^^ 
dark-blue, -owy f dark-blue; 
kolor ~owy, navy blue. 

graniastlloslup ^, prism, •.y f 
cornered, angular. 

granillca^, boundary line, line of 
demarcation; border, bound, li- 



grom 

mit; za •-ca, abroad; udaS sie ta 
•-Cf, to go abroad, .^czenie "J 
contiguity. -^czny f' frontier^ 
border. . . -»czyc '^^ (z czemj to 
border upon-, be bounded by, be 
contiguous to. 

granie "J playing j^ambling. 

granit '^ granite, -owy " gra- 
nitic, [spread. 

grasowac^^ (o chorohachj to rage, 

graty pi, himber, old household 
furniture; old stuff. [nity. 

gratka ^, tip ; profitable opportu- 

graz™ mud, dirt; sediment, grounds. 

grdac ^? to warble. 

grdyka ^, (anat.J Adam's apple. 

greczyzna*; Greek language. 

grenadyer "^ grenadier. *.ski ? 
grenadier's, of grenadiers. 

grenadyna ^, fmateryaj grenadin. 

grepllla^, card, -varnia^, carding- 
munufactory. *.arz '^ carder. 
--OWac^f to card, comb (wool), 
--owanie " carding. 

grezlly pL, od graz. -.nac, vid, 

grzeznac. 

grob '^^ grave, tomb, fcrophore. 

grobarz '^, (zo.) sexton-beetle, ne- 

grobllelny ^ dike . . . -^elny ^, 
dike-grave. *.la ^, dam, dike, bank. 

grobowiiiec ",' tomb-stone, tomb, 
•-y ^ sepulchral; of the, grave; 
^-ym gloseniy with sepulchral 
voice; do *.ej de.ski, to the last 
breath. 

groch ™ pea {pi. pease, peas); 
~ cukrowy, sugarpea; CfigJ ~ z 
kapusta, confusedly, pell-mell; 
zwj?a2^Ti, pea-soup, •.owiny;:'^., 
pease-straw. <*owisko "J pease- 
field, pease - stubble, -^dwka ^, 
pea-soup. «.owy " of pease. 

gr(3d "^ town ; castle, citadel. 

grodowy f of a castle. 

gr6dz \ hedging, fence. 

grodzllic ""^ to fence, enclose. 
«.ki " of the castle. 

grom'^' thunderbolt, thunder; jak 
gromem razony, thunder -stVuck 



gromada 

gromali'da ^, crowd, throng, flock, 
flight; class, tribe; village, con- 
gregation, -.dn;^ f gregarious, 
numerous. *d.zic ""? to gather, 
assemble; lay up. *.dzki " of a 
commune ; •-dzkie pastwiska, the 
commons. [prove. 

gromic ""^ to smite, rebuke, re- 

gromniilca ^, wax-candle. *czny" 
Swieto Fanny Maryi -^.CZliej, Cand- 
lemas-day. 

^romowy " thunder . .-. 

gronlisty f grape. *ko ^ little 
cluster, •-o " bunch, cluster; 
company, circle. ^ 

gronostaj "IJ fzo.J ermine, -.e pi., 
(futroj ermine. <*.owy ^ of ermine. 

grosz '"I third of a penny ; money, 
cash, -.ak '^ '•'dwka ^, third of a 

groszek "^ green peas. [penny. 

grot"^ spear's head; dart, javelin. 

grota ^, grotto. 

groza ^, awe, terror, dread; se- 
verity, rigour., 

grolizba^, threat, menace, -vzic'^? 
to threaten, menace. 

grozniiie, '•'O "? menacingly; seve- 
rely. *.osc*", formidableness,dread- 
fulness. •^y ^ threatening, men- 
acing; severe. 

grubiailn, *'nin'^ rude fellow, lout. 
•'Ilka ^, rude woman, -riiski f 
rude, brutal, scurrilous, •-nstwo "J 
rudeness, brutality, rusticity. 

grubiliec ^l'' to grow big. •-o "p 
bigly ; <*'0 52? wr/Zic, to mistake 
grossly, -wodzidb"^ (^orn.; cherry- 
finch. -%.0SC*^ bigness, bulkiness ; 
coarseness, thickness. *.sz, z -►a 
ohrobiCf to rough-hew. <*.SZ0SC^, 
greater thickness. -.^y ^ big, 
bulky; coarse, thick; ("fig. J gross. 

gruchllac ^? to coo. ~acz "^ drum- 
pigeon, -^anie ^, coo. •.awka ^, 
turtle-dove. *'nac "^"^ Cna zie- 
mie.j to fall down'; strike; loiesc 
••nela po miesde, there goes a 
report abroad. 

gruchot '"i rattling, •^ac ^?? to 
rattle; dash to pieces, crusU. 



gryzc sig 



55 



gruczoi "i gland, •-ek " glandule. 
*'kowaty ^* glandulous, glandular, 

grudlla ^, lump of earth, clod; 
czyta jak po grudaie, he stumbles 
in reading, •.ka ^, small clod, 
clot. [cemberly. 

grudniowy ^ of December, De- 

Grudzien '" December. 

grundwaga^, plummet-level. 

grunt "^ ground, bottom; ground, 
soil, /^a pi; lands pi.; w gruncie 
rzeczy, at the bottom, in the main j 
z >*>XL, thourouglily 

gruntowllac "^f O'^ekeJ to fathom; 
ground, rest upon a principle; 
lay the colour; -,ac sie na czem, 
to rest upon, rely upon. *.anie "J 
fmal.J grounding, •■e "J ground- 
rent, ^nie ^'^ thoroughly, •-nosc ^, 
solidity, profoundness. .*.ny " 
wellgrounded; solid, fundamen- 
tal. *y *? podatek •.y, land-tax, 
ground-rent. 

grupifa <; group. •'Owac ^^ to 
group. 

grusz!|a^, pear-tree, -^czany^'^ko- 
wy " pear . . . •.ka ^, pear ; pear- 
tree; gniszki na ivierzhie, castles 
in the air. -•'kowaty ^ pear- 
shaped. 

gruz ^ rubbish , rubble. *.y pl^ 
ruins pi. •-el ^ clod, clot, lump, 
-towaciec ""l^ to clot, -^iowa- 
ty ^ clotted, grumous. 

gruzlica ^, tubercular consumption. 

gryczanlika ^, buckwheat - straw, 
-wy ^ of buckwheat. 

gryf ™ gritlin; finger-board. 

gryka^, buckwheat. 

grymalls "^ grimace, wryface; ca 
price, whim, •-sic ^T «'Sy stroic, 
to mow. *'Snica^, whimsical wo- 
man. •'Snik ",' whimsical fellow, 
--sny ^ whimsical, freakish. 

grj'^psnac ^" to filch, pilfer. 

gryszpan "IJ verdigris. 

gryz '^ meal-groats. 

gryllzacy " caustic, cutting; pun- 
gent.*" -zc ^?? to gnaw; corrode, 
bite J CfigJ rankle, -zc si? ^f CfioJ 



56 



gryzmoJa 



to fret inwardly, be tormented; 

•-ZC s/e z /cm, to wrangle. 
gryzmollta "^ scrawler, scribbler. 

-^lenie ^ scribbling, scrawling. 

-'lie ^ " to scrawl, scribble. ^iypL, 

scrawl, scribble. 
gryzowy ^ of meal-groats, 
grzac ^f to warm, heat. -* sie "^T 

to go to beat, warm oneself. *" 
grzadka^, small garden-bed; hen- 
grz^dziel ^, plough-beam, [roost. 
grzanka^, roasted slice of bread 

or of a roll, toast. 



'SC 



to 



grza'Iski " quaggy, 
stick in the mud. 

grzbiet "^ backbone, back; CgdrJ 
ridge. -*.owy v" spinal, dorsal. 

grzeballc ''" to scrape scratch the 
ground; lay in the giuwnd, bury; 
m, sie (w czeinj, to grabble, /^jiie ^ 
burial, interment. [low. 

grzebielucha ^, Com. J bank-swal- 

grzebielln ™ ("do wlosdw) comb; 
crest (of a cock). -*.iiiar8M ^ comb- 
maker's. -^niarStwo " comb- 
maker's trade. «.niasty, •-nisty " 
comb-shaped, pectinate, -.niarz^ 
comb-maker. [ginal sin. 

grzecll "? s^in ; ^ pierworodny, ori- 

grzechoika ^, fomj chimney-swal- 
low, martin. 

grzechotllac ^? to clatter, rattle, 
•^ka *i rattle. -»nik 'y Czo.J rattle- 
enake. 

grzecznilis'^ complimenter. *.osc ^, 
politeness, civility, kindness; fa- 
vour, service, •-y ^ polite, civil, 
kind. 

gTzeda ^, hen-roost; garden-bed. 

grzesc, vid. grzehac. 

grz§ski, vid. grzaski. 

grzeszek "^ peccadillo. 

grzesznilica ^, -.ik"^ sinner, --osc ^, 
sinfulness, peccability. *,y ^ sin- 
ful, peccable. 

grzeszyc '^V' to sin. 

grzeznac "^^ to stick in the mud. 

grz§zy 'pi. od graz. 

grzmiliacy " thundering. •<iec ""V" 
to thunder; grzmit it thunders. 



guz 

*'Ocic, •'Otnac ^? to strike hard, 
thump; *.otnac o ziemip, to throw 
down, ^ot '^ "thunder, --otowyf 
thunder . . . 

grzyb "^ mushroom, fungus; CfigJ 
stary ^, old fellow. ^'J pi., fungi, 
^ek "^ omelet; small mushroom, 
-'-ien™ ("botj nenuphar, water-lily. 
-"OWaty " fungaceous. -owy ^ 
fungous; mushroom; sos •-owy, 
catchup. 

grzywiia ^, mane, •-iasty f maned 

grzywacz '^ ringdove, riugpigeon] 

grzywna ^, fine, mulct, amerce- 
ment ; (moneta)- man-k. 

gubernator'^governor, lieutenant- 
governor. *.owa ^, governor's wife/ 
-^-ski ^ of a governor, -^stwo 7 
dignity of a governor; governor 
and his lady. 

gubernia^, province ruled by a 
governor. *lny ^ of lieutenancy. 

gubic ^f to lose; ruin, spoil, 
destroy; ~ sip w domystach, to bd 
lost in conjectures. 

gula^, knob, bump. 

guma^, gum. 

gumliienny "^ keeper of a stack- 
yard. *,iiO " stackyard, barn. 

gumlliguta ^, gamboge, -►alasty- 
czny f of India-rubber, --alasty- 
ka ^\ India-rubber, -.owac ^" to 
besmear with gum, to gum. -o- 
wyf gummy, gummous, gummed ; 
•-owa ivoda, gum- water. 

gunia ^, (shagged) horse -clotli; 
smock-frock. 

guilsta pl-i sorcery, witchcraft 
-''Slarka^, sorceress, witch, ^slar- 
ski ^ magic(al). -.slarstwo 7 
magic art. •-slarz ? sorcerer, 
magician. •-slic ^? practise 
witchcraft. 

gust ^ taste ; relish, gusto, fancyo 
-^ownosc ^, good taste, elegance, 
-^owny " tasteful, elegant. 

guwernllantka <i governess, •.er*? 
tutor, •-erka^, tutorship; life of a 
tutor, -►erowac "^^ to be a tutor* 

gns "^ knob, bruise; large button. 



guzdraS 

guzdrallc sie ^f to ^e loitering, 
loll, '-.ta, ••Iski '^ loiterer, laggard. 

gnzica^, croup, bobtail. 

guziiczek'^ small button; <»czek 
od koszuli, shirt- button. •,!: !!,' 
button; small tumour, --karskif 
button-maker's. *karz ^i button- 
maker. 

guzowallciec ^^ to grow knobby, 
-tosc *",knobbiness.*ty^ knobby. 

gwaicilenie ^ violation, •-ic ^?' to 
violate, break, infringe ; ffigj de- 
flour. Mciel'^ violator, breaker, 
infringer. 

gwatt "^ violence, outrage; rape, 
defloration; gwattem nie, by no 
means; gwaitem, by violence; 
gwaltuf help] gwaitu! (co sie dzie- 
je!J good Heavens! -.ownie "j' 
violently; vehemently. •ownosc , 
violence; vehemence, impetuosi- 
ty. •'Owny " violent; vehement, 
impetuous. 

gwar ^ hum, humming noise, 
bustle ; (ptaszat) chirping. /*.ny ? 
full of noise, noisy, •-zyc ^^^ to 
prate, chatter. 

grw^aranllcya U warranty, guaranty, 
••towac ^^ to warrant, guarantee. 

gwardliya *vguard ; -^jd^przyboczna, 
life-guard. *yak, vid. ^zista. 
*yan "^ superior of a monastery, 
•-zista "^ guardsman. 

gwallrny " noiseful ,|noisy.-.rzyc ^? 
to be noisy ; Co ptakachj coo, trill. 

gwazdac ^" to scrawl. 

gwiazlida <;. star, -.darstwo ^ 
astronomy ; astrology. *.darz '^ 
astrologer. *.deczka *i little star ; 
(w drukuj asterisk. «.dka \ little 
star ; (u koniaj blaze, white star ; 
Christmas-box. •-dllica ^, star- 
wort. *dolity^ starred, •dosz™ 
(hot.) lion's foot, [star-shaped. 

gwiazdzisty " starry, star-light; 

gwint "^ worm of a screw; turn, 
worm. <*owac ^f tq form like 
a screw, rifle, •-owany ^ rifled. 
-dwka ^, rifle. <»owiiica % screw- 
tap. 



halasliwy 5T 

gwizd *; -anie " whistling, -^ac ^^? 

to whistle, •'acz ^i whistler, fifer. 

•-awka^, whistle, catcall. [to. 
gwoli ^^'^ for the sake, according 
gw6zdz ^7 iiail, stud, 
gwozdziallmia ^, nailery.-.rstwo^ 

nailery; nailer's trade, ^-rz '^ 

nailer, nail-smith, 
gwozdzik "^ ( botj gillyflower, pink. 
gzillc sif '^rto spring about; romp, 

dally, ^k'^ CzoJ oestrus; rutting- 
gzygzak "; zigzag. [time, 

gzyms ™ cornice, moulding; 
• •'6wka ^, cornice-tile. 



ha!* ha! 

habit ™ monk's habit. 

haczyk "^ little hook, crotchet, 
-owaty ? resembling a hook; 
hooked. 

hafi|ciarka,<*'tarka ^, embroideress. 
♦t "^ embroidery. -tarsM ? 
embroidering ; -^tarska rohota^ 
embroidery, •-tarstwo " embroi- 
dering, -^towac "^^ to embroi- 
der, -.towany ? -embroidered. 

haftka*", clasp. 

haja^, (zo.J shark. 

hajda!*, come! come up! 

hajdamalicki^predaceous.-ctwo'; 
robbery; set of robbers. •-czyc'^** 
to rob. -•'Czyzna ^, rapacity; 
thievish vagabonds, ^-k, --ka ^ 
robber, high-wayman ; vagabond, 
tramp. 

hajdullcki, «^czy f pandoor's; pre- 
datory, -.czek, page, boy. -.k"? 
pandoor ; running footman. 

haiie *, come on ! 

hak ™ hook, --owaty ^ crooked, 
hooked, hooky. 

halabardlla ^, halberd. *xiik 7 
halberdier. 

haiaburda^, brawler. 

haia's "\ noise, bustle, din; Tia- 
robic *su, to make a great fuss. 
•sliwosc ^. noisiness, -sliwy. 



lialasny 



58 



-sny f noisy. «rsnica^, noisy 
woman, -snik " noisy fellow. 
•^SOwac^ to make a noise. <*so- 
wanie "i blustering, -^stra ^, vid. 
dial as tr a. 

hamemilla ^,c forge, iron -mill, 
hammermill. •.k "^ hammerer. 

iiamllowac ^'f to stop, check; 
refrain, restrain; Ckolo) to trig; 
^owac sie, to keep one's temper, 
quell one*s ardour, •-owanie "J 
stopping, checking. -valec ^ 
skid, trigger; ffigj curb, check, 
restraint. 

hanblla ^, infamy, ignominy, stain, 
•-iacy f infamous , degrading, 
opprobrious, •-ic ^f' to disgrace, 
dishonour. 

handllel "^ trade, commerce, traf- 
fic ; -^el hurtowy, wholesale busi- 
ness; -fc-el szczegoiowy, retail; >»>e\ 
protvadzic, to carry on a trade, 
••elek^ small trade, retail-trade; 
chandlery, •^larski ^ mercer's, 
trader's; commercial, -larz "^ 
dealer, tradesman, monger; -* ~ 
koni, horse-dealer, -vlowac ^V' to 
trade, traffic; ^loicac czem, to 
deal in. -vlowanie "J trading, 
dealing, -^lowny " commercial, 
trading, •-lowy " commercial, 
mercantile; towarzystwo •^lowe, 
trading - company. --Injacy "^ 
trafficker. 

haniebnilosc ^, ignominiousness, 
turpitude, -•-y " ignominious, in- 

liaracz "^ tribute. [famous. 

harap, -nik "^ hunting-whip. ' 

jharc'? skirmish. »*>eTZ,vid. ^ownik. 



hermafrodyt 



--owac 



to skirmish: exercise 



a horse, -vownik "^ skirmisher. 

harlido "^ insolently; haughtily. 
'*'dosc*", impudence; haughtiness, 
arrogance, •-dy ^haughty, super- 
cilious; impudent, •-dziec ^^* to 
become haughty, arrogant. 

liarfa^, harp. [pother. 

harmider ™ bustle, hurly-burly, 

harmonilla ^, harmony; fnaukaj 
harmonics, -.cznie"^? harmonical- 



ly- -^Cznosc ^, harmonicicm. 
"^-CZny f harmonic, -.jnosc ^, har- 
moniousness. ^-jny ^ liarmo- 
nious. C^nie " labouring. 

harowallc ""f to work hardly. 

harpia^, harpy. 

hart "^ temper (of iron or steels ; 
ffig.J strength. ^owac ^^ to 
temper (iron or steel) harden; 
('fig.J to brace, steel. '*.ownosc ^, 
hardness. •'Owny " tempered, 
steeled. 

hasallc "^^ to dance, caper, spring 
about, •^nie "J hopping, skip; 

haslo "J watch-word. [dancing. 

haubica*", howitzer. 

haust ^ draught, dram (of drink). 

hazard '^ hazard, risk, venture. 
'•'OWac "^^ to risk, venture, stake. 
-'Owac si§ "^r to run the risk, 
venture, -^ownie^^p hazardously. 
-^owny f hazardous, venturous. 

heban ""i ebony, ^^owy f ebony. 

hebllel ^ (narz^dziej plane. *.lo- 
wac ^^ to plane, smooth with 
a plane. *.lowiny p^, plane- 
shavings, shavings of wood. 

heca \ race-hunting; circus 

hej * ~ ! hola ! heigh ! 

hejnal ^ morning-song. 

hejze *, hey! 

helikonki pi , Muses. 

heim "? helmet. , 

hemoroidllalny ^ hemorrhoidal. 
*.y^l., hemorrhoids pi., piles ^L 

heraldyllcznie ^} heraldically. 
•••czny " heraldic(al). -,ka ^, 
heraldry. 

herb "^ arms pi., coat of arms, 
escutcheon. *.arz "^ armorial; 
herbarium, -wowny " arraoriaL 
-^-owy " emblazoned, heraldic. 

herbaliciany ? tea . . . -ta ^, tea ; 
tancujaca herbatka, tea-party and 
dancing, •.tniczka^, tea-caddy. 
'*'tllik "^ tea-drinker, ^tny, vid. 
herhaciany. [-►k "^ heretJic. 

heretyllcki f heretical, •.czka^, 

herezya^ heresy. 

hermafrodyt ^ hermophrodite. 



heroiczny 
heroillczny f heroicCal). -«na ^, 

heroine. — zm ^ heroism. 

herold "^ herald. <*.zki? herald's. 

herszt ^ ringleader. 

het «-? far otf. 

hetka^", nag, jade. 

hetmalln ^ commander in chief, 
hetraan. ~nic ^? to fill the of- 
fice of a commander in chief, 
command. «.nski ^ relating to 
the commander in chief, het- 
man's. •-nstwo "J the dignity of 
the commander in chief, het- 
manship. [jacinth. 

hiacynt "IJ Cbot.J hyacinth ; fmin.J 

hierarchlla'^ hierarch. -alnie «? 
hierarchically, ^alny, '»'iczny " 
hierarchic(al). •-ia*", hierarchy. 

hieroglif^ hieroglyph, -.icznie*^? 
hieroglyphically. -.iczny ^ hiero- 
glyphical. [hyperbolical. 

hiperbol'la ^, hyperbole, -iczny " 

llipochondrylla *", hypochondria, 
spleen. <*czny f hypochondriacal; 
hipped. *.k "^ hypochondriac. 

hipokryllta '^ --tka ^, hypocrite, 
dissembler, -vzya^i hypocrisy. 

hipotellczny " mortgaged, hypo- 
thecary, ^ka*", mortgage, pawn. 
«'kowac '"f to mortgage. 

historylla ^, history ; story, tale. 
•'Cznie <^p historically. *.czny ^ 
historic(al). ^jka ^, story tale, 
anecdote, •.k ™ historian. 

ho! ho! *, ho! ho! 

hodowilac ^" to breed, bring up ; 
feed. -»anie \ --la ^, breeding, 
rearing; ^anie hydta, cattle- 
breeding. 

hojnllosc^, munificence, liberality, 
-y f munificent, liberal, lavish. 

hola * holla! 

hoM "^ homage; tribute ('fig J. 
-"Owac '^V' to do homage; em- 
brace, be subjected to. •.owanie " 
homage; submission •-ownictwo" 
tribiitariness.«.owniczy,'*'Owny " 
tributary, ••ownik ^ vassal, liege- 
man, [carriage). 

llotoblei>^, thills i>L, shafts (of a 



huk 



1^9 



holota ^, rabble, mob. 

holowali'c '"^ to haul, track, tove, 
•"llie " (statkoxvj haulioir. 

hoiupiec "^ a step in me Polish 
dance „mazour". 

hotysz '^ penniless fellO\7i 

homagialna przysicga, oath of 

homar "J lobster. ' [allegiance. 

homilia^, homily. 

honor '5 honour, reputation; ro» 
hie <^y doviu, to receive and en- 
tertain the guests ; stowo «.u, upon 
my honour, ^-aryuin ^ honara- 
riuni, remuneration, ^owo "p 
houourably. ^owy?' honourable; 
spraiva *.owa, affair of honour. 

hop! hop! *, hop! jump! 

horda*", horde. 

hordynka^i Tartar sabre. 

horodnillctwo "J castellany. -^czy^^ 
castellan, governor of a place. 

horyzont "' horizon, •-alnie **p 
horizontally. •.alnOSC^, horizon- 
talness. -^alny ^ horizontal. 

hospodar "? hospodar. -.ski ? 

hostya ^, host. [hospodar's. 

hozv ^ brisk, smart, lively. 

hrabilla "^ count, (angieUkiJ earl, 
••ailka *", daughter of a count, 
countess.».na*i countess.*. ost"Wo7 
count and his wife, -.owski, 
hrabski ^ belonging to a co'mt 
or earl ; like a count or an earl. 

hrabstwo " county, earldom. 

hreczllany " of buckwheat. *ka^, 
buckwheat, •.kosiej "J husband* 
man, plougher. -.uszkip^, cakes 
baked of buckwheat- 

hu, huzia*, halloo! 

hubka \ spunk, German tinder. 

huciany f foundry. .. ; ^ robotnik, 
smelter. 

huczllec ^^ to roar, rustle; buzz, 
hum. -^enie " roaring; buzzing, 
••niej^-no *^? boisterously, noisily ; 
ostentatiously, -.ny " loud, noisy, 
clamorous ; ostentatious. 

huf, --iec "body of soldiers. 

hufnal ^ hobnail, horse-nail. 

huk ^ roar, din^ peal; plenty^ 



60 



huka6 



profusion. *ac '^V' to whoop, hal- 
loo; (na kogoj to rebuke, chide, 
-•anie "? whoop, shouts of joy. 
'vnac ^? to roar suddenly ; snub 
(a person). _ 

hulaliC ^? to lead a merry life, 
to revel arid riot, -ka "^ reveller, 
debauchee, •.nie "J debauchery. 
•-nka \ revelry, merry bout, 
•szczy ^ debauched, dissolute. 

hultajlid si§ ^f to debauch, -wj "^ 
knave, rogue, scoundrel, •'jka^, 
stumpet. -.jsM? knavish, roguish, 
-"jstwo " knavery, roguery. 

Immeral ^ amice, humeral. 

humor '^ humour, temper, •-ek ^ 
Whim, caprice, -^ysta"^ humorist, 
•ystycznie <^^ humorously, •.y- 
Stycznosc^, humorousness. ii».y- 
Styczny ^ humoristic, humorous. 

Imncfot ™ rascal, varlet. 

iurmem '*^ in crowds. [sale. 

hnrtem **^ in the lump, by whole- 

hurtowllac ^f to hurdle, -^anie " 
hurdling, penning, -.nik" whole- 
saleman. •y f wholesale, 

hurty pi., pinfold, fold. 

Imsallrski ?^ of hussars, hussar. . . 
••rz '^ hussar. 

hutlla ^, s melting-house, foundery ; 
m,2k szkiana, glass -(smelting-) 
works ; --a zelazna, forge, smithy. 
^nik ^ glass-founder. ' 

huz *, •'go ! hush ! quick I 

huzar "^ hussar. *.ka ^, hussar- 
spencer, ••ski f of a hussar. 

hyacynt, vid. hiacynt. 

iycllen flayer. -.lowsM f Haying, 

hydny, vid. ohydny, [flayer's. 

hydra ^, hydra. 

hyena *i hyena. 

hymen "T marriage ; Canat.) hymen. 

hymn " hymn, song. ' \etc. 

hypokondrya, vid, hipochondrya 



!if anct; also; even; ^ e6z? well? 
piszt ~ 'pisz&t he is continually 
writing. 



iloczasowj 

ibis ^ (orn.J ibis. 

leak ^ fiigj Jew. 

Ichmosilc, -vC Panoiuie X., Mes- 
sieurs (MM.) X. •'Cianka ^, fz nie" 
jakiem ublizeniemj young laiy. 

ichneumon "^ fzoj ichneumon. 

ide ^'1 od iU. 

idea^, idea. 

ideaili "^ ideal, •-lista "^ idealist. 
-vlizm "^ idealism, -vlizowac ^? 
to idealise. *'lny ^ ideal. 

identyllcznosc *\ identity, ^czny f 
identical, ^.fikacya, vid. utozscu' 
mienie. [logy. 

ideolog ^ ideologist. *.ia ^, ideo- 

idyotlla "^ idiot. *.yzm ^ idiotism. 

idylla, vid. sielanka. 

igielka^, small sewing-needle. 

igielnlliczek, ~ik, needle-case, •y, 
iglany " needle . . 

igijia ^, needle ; uszko ^ly, the eye 
of a needle ; nawlec iglp, to thread 
a needle, •-larski " needle-ma- 
ker's. *.larz "^ needle - maker, 
-plasty f needle-shaped; drzewo 
••laste, pines and firs. 

igliclla ^, large needle, bodkin 
knitting - needle ; fzo.J needle- 
fish. -.6wka, needle-gun. 

ignorllant "^ ignorant, idiot, -.o- 
wac ^f to take no notice of; 
(kogoJ to cut (a person). 



igra c 



to play, sport, toy. 



szka^, play, toy, sport; •-szka 
slow, pun, quibble. 

igrzysko " game, sport. 

ikra *", spawn, roe. [to spawn. 

ikrzL'ak "^ spawner. -»yc si? '"X 

ik "y loam, potter's clay. 

lie <^? how much, how many; as 
much as, as many as ; o ~ pamip^ 
tarn, as far as I remember; o ^ 
wiem, for aught I know, -kol- 
wiek ^} as much as. ever. 

ilekrollc ^? as often as. -ckol- 
wiek <*? ever so often, -.tnie **? 
how many times, how often, 
•-tny " how often repeated. 

ilki , loamy. [metrical. 

iloczas "^ quantity, metre, •owy? 



iloczyn 

iloczyn "^ Ca^ytJ product. 

ilorakJli^O «? of how many kinds. 

iloraz ^ (o-rytj quotient. 

ilosc ^, quantity. 

iiowaty ^ loamy, 

Uuminllacya ^, illumination. *.o- 
wac '^'^ to illuminate, ligbt up. 

hn "-^^ . tern ..., the . . . the . . . ; 

~ predzej iem leviej , the sooner 
the f)etter. 

imac ^" to lay hold of, catch, 
apprehend. 

imaginallcya ^, imagination, •-cyj- 
ny "f imaginative. •-Inie , ima- 
ginarily. --Iny " imaginary. 

imbier ^, ginger. 

im'bryk '^ cotfee-pot, tea-pot* 

imiflf " name, christian name ; re- 
putation. *.enie " possession, pro- 
perty, fortune. 

imienlliny pi, name-day. -,nie "^ 
by name, namely, •-nik'^ name- 
sake, •.ny ?■ nominal ; listd -*'na, 
the list containing the names. 

iini"esi6w ^ (gram.) participle. 

imionnik "^ aibum 

imperator 'IJ emperor. -»owa \ 
empress, •-ski ^ imperial. 

impertynenllcya *", impertinence, 
rudeness. *.t\' •-tka *", impertinent. 

imperyal '^ (moneta) imperial. 

impef^ impetus, vehemence; im- 
petuosity, -.yk "^ violent man. 

improwizator"!; improvisator(e). 

inaczej "? otherwise, else; in an- 
other manner; nie ~, most cer- 
tainly^ just so. 

inad ^^ zkad -,, from elsewhere, 
from another place; dokad w, 
somewhere else. 

iuaklli, '•'Szy ^ of another kind. 

indagliacya ^, investigation, in- 
quest, -acyjny " inquiring, of 
inquiry. *.owac ^? to investigate, 

indeks "^ index. [inquire 'nto. 

indtdt "^ dispensation granted by 
the church of Rome. 

indycht '^ indigo; •-owe ziele, 
indigo-plant, anil. 

indyczllg "I Turkey-poult. *.ka^. 



instrument 



61 



Turkey-hen. ^yc sig ^f *<> colour 
up (out of anger). 

indygenat "^ right of a native. 

indyk '^ Turkey-cock. 

incdy "^ another way; elsewhere 

infamllia^, infamy, -is "7 wretch, 
villain. 

infant "^ infante, -ka ^t infant?.. 

infanterya ^, infantry. 

infirmerya ^, infirmary. 

influenca^, (med.) influtcza. 

informliacya ^, information , ad- 
vice, •-acyjny f informative; 
hiuro -vacyjne, intelligence-office, 
-owac'^f to inform, give infor- 
mation, [late. 

infuta ^, mitre, •.t ^ mitred pre- 

ingredyencya ^, ingredient 

inicyatywila ^, initiative; wzia6 
•.§, to take initiative. 

inkarnat"^ carnation, flesh-coiour. 
-^-owy f flesh-coloured, roFy. 

inkanst 'IJ ink. 

inklinacya \ inclination, affection. 

inkluz '^ magic agency, charm. 

inkrustilacya*", incrustation, •o* 



wac 



incrust. 



inkwaterunek'; rwiiZ.; quartering; 
S(;ldiers quartered. 

inkwirent "' inquisito?, trial judge. 

inkwizyllcya UnquisiUon, inquest, 
-^-tor %' inquisitor. 

innollplemienny "of another r/ice. 
••wierca ",' heterodox man. 

inny, inszy f^ other, another; kto 
.^, some body else, some one else; 
•-m razem, another time. 

inspekta pi., hot-bed. 

inspektor '^ inspector, overseer. 

inspiracya ^, inspiration. 

installiacya ♦*, -^owanie^ instal- 
lation, -acyjny " of installation, 
investitive, ••owac ^f to install, 
appoint. 

instancya *i pur. J instance , res- 
sort ; intercession ; to osiatniej in- 
stancyi, in the last resort. 

instmkllcya ^, instruction, direc- 
tion. -«.tor '^ io?tructor. 

instrument ^ instrument; - d^ty^ 



62 instrumentalny 

wind-instrument. *.alny" instru- 
mental. *.owaC ^" (muz.J to in- 
strument. 

instygator '^ (w dawnej PolsceJ 
public attorney; instigator. 

instynkt ™ instinct. *owy^^in- 
stinctive. 

instytullcya ^, CosohyJ institution, 
installation; statute, -.t ^ insti- 
tute, establishment. [nia pi. 

insygnia^, badge of ofllce, insig- 

insynullacya ^, suggestion , insi- 
nuation, -^owac ^f to suggest, 

inszy " vid, inny, [insinuate. 

inteligenllcya ^, intelligence.-, tny?- 
prudent, intelligent. ' 

intencya \ intention, mind, incli- 
nation ; na inlencye^ aby . . . , in 
order to beg of God that... 

intendent '^ intendant. -.ura ^, 
intendancy. 

intercyza ^, marriage-contract. 

interes ^ business, concern; ad- 
vantage: wlasny ~, self-interest. 
•-ant "^ party concerned, par- 
taker, -vik "^ small business, •-o- 
wac ^^ to interest; *~ sip czem^ 
to take an interest in. *owany? 
concerned, self-interested. *.o- 
wnosc^» self-interestedness. -^o- 
wny? self-interested; interesting. 
•'Ujaco^? interestingly, -ujacyf 
interesting. [visional. 

intermistycznyf temporary, pro- 

interpelilacya ^, interpellation, 
question. *Owac^" to interpellate. 

interwencya ^, intervention, inter- 
ference, [to intone. 

intonllacya ^, intonation. --owac ^^ 

intratila %income,revenue.*.nosc ^, 
profitableness. *.ny ?■ bringing 
a large income, lucrative. 

introligator'^ bookbinder. *iua^, 
bookbindery . •.ski ^ bookbinder's. 
— stwo ^ bookbinder's trade. 

intmz ^ intruder. 

intryglla *", intrigue, plot, -.ant "", 
-'antka*', intriguer. <«>o\\a6 *'? 
to intrigue, plot. 

intuicya ^, intuitloEu 



izba 

inwalida '^, invalid. 

inwencya ^ invention ; inventive 
faculty. 

inwentarz "^ inventory ; spisac ~, 
to inventory, take stock, make 
an inventory. 

inwestytura ^, investiture. 

inzynier "',' engineer, -.ski';'' engi- 
neer's, -.ya^, engineering. 

ipekakuana ^, ipecacuanha. 

irchlja^, chamois, chamois-leather. 
'*'Owy " chamois. 

ironiila ^, irony, --cznie ^} ironi- 
cally. *.cznosc ^, ironical ness, 
^CZny f ironic(al). 

irytllacya^, irritation, -vowac^f 
to irritate. 

isllc '^V' to go, walk ; *.c za kirn, to 
follow; 0*.czamazy to marry, get 
a husband; '•.cozaktad, to bet, 
lay a wager; —c w gorp (o ccniej^ 
to rise; idzie tu o moje imip, my 
reputation is here at stake ; jezeli 
to idzie, if that be the naatter. 

^ ^Cie "J going, walking. , 

iscic, vid. ziscic. 

iscizna^, capital, stock. 

iskac ''^ to louse. 

isk; ierka, -ra ^, spark, sparkle, 
flash of fire, -.rawy, --rzacy ? 
sparkling, glittering, flabliing. 
^-rzenie ^ scintillation, sparkling. 
•.rzyc si§ ^T" to sparkle, glare. 
-^rzyk "^ (viin.) carbuncle. 

istnllie <*p really, -iec '^V' to exist, 
be, live, -.iejacy " existent, ex- 
isting, -.ienie ',' existence, -.osc'. 
existence; substance, essence; 
being, ^.y ^ positive , true , un- 
doubted; very; real, essential. 

istotlla^, being, creature; essence; 
w istocity in the fact, -.nie *? 
really, truly, -.nosc ^, reality. 
•-ny ? true, real, essential. 

iwlla, -ina \ sallow, -.inka ^, Clot.} 
middle comfrey. •-owy ^ of sallow. 

iz f that, -^ali f if. "" " 

izabelowy f iaabelline; feoH ^^ 
isabol. 

iz'ba U ball, room ; « nizszaf Housd 



izbica 

of Commons; ~ wyzsza. House of 

Lords. 

izbica^, ice-breaker, 
izdebllka *", small -room, cabin. 

••na ^, chamber-maid, ••ny " 

chamber . .-. 
izop ™ flotj hyssop.- 



ia ^T I; Icto tarn? wbo is there? 
to ~, 'tis I. 

la ^T «ca*.j. od ona, 

jabillczanyi *eczny, -'kowy ? 
apple . . . -.ecznik "", cider, -.ko ^ 
apple; whirlbone, rotula; fokaj 
eye-ball; zbic na kwasne -*ko, to 
beat into a jelly, -.kowity ? fkonj 
dapple- gray, -on ^, apple-tree. 
-onkowy, -onny'i^ of the apple- 
tree, -iiszko ^ little apple. 

jac ^? to lay hold, catch, seize; 
"begin; - sie czego, to put one's 
hand to, betake one's self to. 

jad ™ venom, bane, virus. 

jadllac '"V'f to use to eat; mess, 
dine, •-alnia ^, eating-room, •-al- 
ny ? eatable , esculent, •-to ^ 
food, fare, eatjibles pi. 

jadowiilcie »? poisonously; Cfig.J 
enragedly. •-tosc ^, venomous- 
ness, banefulness ; . ffig.J rage, 
anger, •^ty ^ venomous, bane- 
ful, virulent; CfigJ enraged. 

jadro ^ kernel, stone; testicle; 
tfig.J marrow, •rwnik ^ scrotum. 
-»wy ^ '*'Wy worekj scrotum. 

jadrzysty ? gross-grained; mar- 
rowy. » 

jagllla ^, millet- seed, -vlany f 
millet..., miliary. -iyjjJ., millet. 

jagnillatko ^ lambkin. •.^ "J lamb. 
•.^Cy?^ lamb's; ~gce ''w??so, lamb. 

jaglloda ^. berry; cheek; -.ody 
czerwone, red bilberries; czarne 
•Ody, bilberries; winna »oda, 
grape-berry. '*6dka *", small berry. 
-'Odnik'^ strawberry-juice.-.odo- 
wy f strawberry, •-odzisty ^ 
full of berries or grapes. 



jalowiczy 



63 



jaguar 'V (zo.) jaguar. 

jajlle ^ egg; -.e na miekko, egg in 
the shell; •^e na twardo, hard- 
boiled egg. -ecznica ^, omelet, 
^-ecznik ™ ovary; omelet, •-e- 
czny ^ egg. . . -ko 1 small egg; 
•.ko swipcone, ffigj Easter-meal, 
-^kowaty, -^owaty ? oviform, 
oval, egg-shaped. 

jak, -'0 ^? how; as; ^ by, * gdyhy., 
as if; &iacZi/ ~ dciana, ~ smierc, 
pale as death; ~ najdtuzej, as 
long as ever it can be ; ~ 5i^ mcwa t 
how do you do? 

jakllac, -nac ^? -ac si§ ^f to 
stammer, stutter, -.ala "5 stam- 
merer, ^-anie si§ "J stammering, 
••liwy ^ stammering. 

jakby, vid. jak. 

jaki f what; which; some, any; 
jaka szkoda ! what a pity ; ~ taki, 
the first the best; ~ to cztowiek? 
what sort of a man is he? *.kol- 
wiek, --skolwiek, -^zkolwiek ? 
whatever, whatsoever, any. ^.s f 
some; certain; somebody. 

jakkolwiek? however, howsoever; 
^ badz, be this as it may be. 

jako'"-? as, thus; ~ to, videlicet 
(viz. J, to wit, that is to say; 
~ tako, pretty well, so-so. ••kol- 
wiek <*? anyhow, -s <^? some- 
how. *.sc ^, quality. *.wy f of 
what kind, what. ~i »? and in 
fact, in effect. 

jakubl!6wka ^, sort of pear, •.o- 
wy ^ *»OWa laska, Jacob's staff. 

jakze ^ how? how then? a -., of 

» course. 

jahnuznlla^, alms. •^Ica ^, (female) 
alms-giver. *ictwo 1 almoner- 
ship ; alms-giving, -iczy " chari- 
table; alms... -ik'^ alms-giver; 
almoner. 

jatollszka <', female calf. *.wica, 
jat6wka^, heifer, young cow. 

jalowllcowyf of juniper.. . *iec" 
juniper. 

jaiowlliec ^? to grow barren or 
sterile, --iczy f made of neat's 



64 jalowfzna 

leather, -^-izna^, j'oiing cattle; 
sterile countrj-. *.o '^^^ barrenly, 
sterile, •-osc^, barrenness, ste- 
rility. -*y " barren, sterile. 

]am!Ia^,.pit, hole, ditch; kennel; 
*.a lisia, fox -hole; ^a ustna, 
mouth. *.isty " full of pits, holes, 
•'llik'^ (zo.j terrier. <^iiy " living 
in a pit or kennel. [iambic. 

jamb "^iambic foot,iambic.*,iczny " 

janczar "^ janizary. *.ski " -vska 
muzyka, Turkish music. 

jaiiowiec "^ fbotj furze. 

jar ™ ravine. _ 

^arklla^, spring-corn. m,i,vid.jary. 

jarlak ^ yearling (lamb). [fair. 

jarmarilczny, ^kowy" fair k "^ 

jarmuika^, fczapeczkaj calotte. 

jarmuz '',' borecole. 

jarllO "p stoutly, brightly, lightly. 
*<y f' of the spring; stout, robust; 
zioza jure , seed sown in spring. 

jarzab ™ vid. jartelina. 

jarzabek ^ (om.) hazel-hen. 

jarzebaty ^-spotted, dapple. 

jarzebinija ^, service-tree, sorb- 
tree, mountain-ash. -^owy " of 
sorb-tree. [wax-candle. 

jarzecily'? bright, light; m,2t, svo'uca, 

jarzihiiic, vid. ujm-zmiac. m.o "I 
yoke; subjection, bondage; *.o 
wotdw, a yoke or couple of oxen ; 
zdjac <^o, to ursyoke. -^owy " 
yoke ... 

jarzyna ^, spring or summer-corn ; 
greens pi., vegetables pi. 

jaseika pi., crib; wire -puppets 
(representing the birth of Christ). 

jasieniec ^ flot.J centaury. 

jaskier ™ fbot.J crowfoot. , 

jaskinia^, den, cave. 

jaskdlliczy^ swallow's, swallow... 
"^ka^, fornj swallow. 

jaskrawllo "^^ glaringly, dazzhngly. 

-"OSC f, glaring light. -,y ^ glaring, 
dazzling; gaudy, showy. 

^asia pi., carrying frame. 

jasmin'^ jasmine, jessamine, •^o- 
wy ^ of jasmine. 

jasnilla <i light spot, day -light. 



jazmin 

^e ^^ho tytui achj ^eWielmoznYt 
Ills Excellency, ^ec ^f to shine, 
glitter, glisteu. 

jasno "? brightly, lightly, -vczer- 
WOny ^'' high -red, light- red. 
--gniady •;'- light-brown, -.sc ♦", 
brightness, clearness, lucidity; 
plainness; distinctness. -*siwy ^' 
light -gray, -.widzaca ^, clair- 
voyante. -^-widzacy " clear-^ 
seeing; clairvoyant." -wwidzenie "J 
clairvoyance, -•.wiosy f' light- 
haired, -vzielony " light-green. 
'*z61:ty ^ bright yellow. 

jasny " light, bright, lucid; clear, 
perspicuous. 

jaspis ™ fmln.) jasper. 

jaster ",' flot.j China aster. 

jastrzllab' ",' fom.) hawk, -.abek '^ 
pigeon - hawk, -^ebiec ^ ' (hot.) 

^ hawk-weed. *■ [vitude. 

jasyr "^ captives pi.; slavery, ser- 

jaszczur "^ C^o.J dragonet. -^-czy f 
lizard ; — tvzrok, (fig. J basilisk- 
look. *.ka^, fzo.J lizard. 

jaszczyk^ gunpowder boxjbutter- 

jatki pi., shambles pi. [box. 

jatrzilenie ^ irritation. m.m. sie ^ 
(ranyj suppuration.- m.yc '^'^''to 
generate pus; irritate, •-yc si§^r 
to suppurate. 

jaw "^ iia -*ie, when awake ; wyjs6 
na ~, to come to light, -^ic sie ^f 
to appear. 

jawnogrzesznillca^, public sinner, 
loose woman, -k™ public sinner. 

jawn'IOSC *", notoriety, publicness. 
-*.y " notorious, apparent, plain ; 
public. 

jawlldr ™ maple-tree, maple. -.0° 
rowy "^ maple, made of maple. 
*orzyna ^, maple, maple- wood. 

^SiZ'^^tamaJ weir. 

jaz '^ red bream. 

jazda ^, ride, journey; cavalry, 
horsemen, horse; ~ konna, riding, 
going on horseback, equitation. 

jazda *, drive on! 

jazdz "^ (zo.j stone-perch, ruflE^ 

jazmin, vid. jaimin. 



jazwcowy 

jazwDcowy f of a badger, -wiec " 
(lo.)^ badger. 

jazwica^ (ryha) stickle-back. 

je ^T pi- od ono & 3 OS. aing. prs. 
od je46. 

jecha'Ic.jezdzic^f to drive, ride; 
*C savkand, to drive in a sledge ; 
•-C konno, to go on horseback; 
•,C poczta, to travel by post; 
•C potuozem, to ride in a car- 
riage; jechat yo sek! the deuce 
take him ! •-nie "' drive, ride. 

jf cie 'J seizure, imprisonment. 

jfCzellc ^V" to groan, moan; la- 
ment, •-nie " groaning. - 

jf czmillen ^, barley ; -,en fna okuj, 
sty. -.enisko ^ barley-field, •.en- 
ny " of barley, barley . . . <»oilka ^, 
barley-straw. 

jeczmyk "IJ fna okuj sty. 

jeden " one ; some ; ~ i drugi, both ; 
* luh drugi, either; ani ~ am 
drugi, neither ; za jednym razem, 
at once; ca to za ^^f what is that 
man? « i ten sam, one and the 
same.^ <^ascie, •^ascioro num., 
eleven, •-astka ^, the eleven. 
«*astolelni " eleven ears old. 
•-astu num., eleven, •-asty " 
eleventh, •.ze " the same. 

jedlinlja ^, fir-tree ; fir-wood, deal- 
wood, --owy ?^ fir . . . 

jednallc ^" to gain, win. --nie 1 
uniting, agreement. - •. si§ ^ re- 
conciliation. 

jednak, •> ze f however, neverthe- 
less, yet; a *, and yet, nevertheless. 

jednaklli, --owy ^ one and the 
same, identical, •-o, --owo ^} in 
the same manner, equally, like- 
wise.*.0W0SC *", sameness, identity. 

jedno, jeno "? only, but. *bar- 
wy , one-coloured, plain, •.bo- 
czny " unilateral. •.ch6d ^ am- 
bling-pace, -vchodnik'^ ambling 
horse. [•'yc ^" to unite, join. 

jednoczllenie, agreement, union. 

jednoczilesnie <*? contemporane- 
ously, •.esnosc*', contemporane- 
ousness, •.esny^ contemporary. 
Cz^c polsko-angielska. 



jgdrny 



65 



-yc *'f to unite. •. - aie T to 
unite. 

jednolldzienny, --dniGwy ? one 
day old; ephemeral, •.fantowy?' 
one-pound. [unanimous. 

jedncgiosnlloac *", unanimity. m,j^ 

jednollkonnyf drawn by one horse, 
one-horsed. *.kopytny ^ solid- 
ungulous. 

jednoksztaitnllosc ^, uniformity, 
•.y " uniform. [year. 

jednoletni " one year old, of one 

jednolist"J (^6of.^ one-blade, •-ny f 
onC'leaved. 

jednomyslnllosc ^, unanimity, con- 
cord, •.y ^ unanimous. 

jednolloki " one-eyed, -.plemien- 
ny " of the same race, ••ptciowy^ 
of the same sex. •.rala " of the 
same kind; single, simple, -.ra- 
mienny " one-armed, -razowy f^ 
done but once, happening but 
once, •-r^ki ^ one-handed. 

jeunoroHczny f of one year, one 
year old. ^ »> "^ one who serves 
one year in the German army, 
-'dny " homogenous, •dzony f 
only-begotten. 

jednorlldg "^ unicorn, •.ogi, •o- 
zcowy " unicornous, having only 
one horn. «>ozec ^ fzo.J unicorn; 
(ryhaj narwal. •-z^dliy " having 
but one row. 

jedno!!sc^, unity, concord; (aryt.) 
unit, •.siowny" i7oif<5 ^stowna, 

(mat.) monome. 

jednostajnilosc *", uniformity, mo- 
notony, ^.y'^uniform, monotonous. 

jednostka ^,(aryt.)\xci\\;, individual. 

jednostronni|ie«? partially.-.osc <i 
partiality, partial judgment, ^^y? 
partial; one-sided. 

jednollwierca '^ fellow- t)eliever. 
--znaczny ^ having but one 
meaning; synonimous. 

qf dor ™ Turkey-cock. 

jfdmlliec ^,* to become robust, 
stout, pithy. -CSC *", pithiness, 
strength, virility, •y ^ pithy, 
strong, substantial; marrowy, 

.6 



6S jedwab* 

ledwallb"? silk, -.biarnia*", silk- 
manufactory., -«.bie pi; silk-stuffs. 
•-bisty ? silky, silk -like, silky 
soft, -.bnica ^, silk-stuff, silk- 
worm, •'bniczy ^ of silk-worm, 
-bnik"^ silk- worm. -bny ^silken. 

jedynallczka *", aa only daughter. 
•K '^ an only son. 

^edynascie num., eleven. 

jedynie <^? only, merely, solely. 

jedynowlalldca "? monarch, auto- 
crat. -»dny f autocratic, mon- 
archical, •'dztwo » autocracy, 
monarchy. 

jedyny '^ only one, sole, the only 

j§dza% fury, shrew. [one. 

jedzenie " eating; food, meat. 

^egO ^T 9^^- i accus. odon.<^'^ his. 

jegomosllc "? master of a house, 
householder; gentleman; (ksiadz 
m,t) Reverend, -.cin" gentleman's, 

^ebowa "T Jehovah. [master's. 

jejmollsc^, mistress; lady, •.sci- 
anka U miss, •.scin " lady's; 
of mistress. 

j§k '^ groan, moan, -.liwy ? moan- 
ful, lamentable, -^nac ^^ to moan, 
groan. 

qelatko 1 fawn, young deer. 

^elca pi., (szpady etc.) shell, guard. 

jelec "1? (zoj bleak, whiting. 

jelelln'y ^zo.^stag, hart.-.ni ? hart's, 
of a stag. *nina^, venison. 

jelita pl'i bowels, entrails, guts. 

jelonek'Jfawn; horned beetle. 

jemioiiia ^■> mistletoe, '•-uclia \ 
fom.J mistle-bird. 

general etc., vid. general etc. 

qeaiec ^ prisoner, captive. 

jeograf, vid. geograf. 

jeometra, vid. geometra. 

jeremiada^, sorrowful complaint, 
jeremiad(e). 

jerzyk "^ ('om.J black martin. 

^erzjnia^, blackberry. 



jesc 



to eat, feed; • oliad, to 



dine; - iniadanie, to breakfast; 
• wieczerzp, to supper. 



jesielln <; autumn 
tumnal. 



'imy 



au- 



jubilerski 

jesion ^ a*sh-tree. -ka', fhol) 
dittany, •.owy ^ ash, ashen. 

jesiotr "!? sturgeon. *vOwy, •zy'. 
of the sturgeon. 

^esli, vid. jezelt 

jestestwo " being, existence. 

jeszcze ^^ yet, still; • raz, once 
more. 

jetka*", fzo.J day-fly, ephemera. 

jety " taken, seized. 

jez "^ ('zoJ hedge-hog. 

jezdiiy*?(&f mounted; borseraan, 

jezdzenie 1 fkonnoj riding; Cpo* 
wozemj driving, 

\eMzi\\c''^V' vid. jechac. •.ec"? rider. 

jezeli ? if. 

jezioiirny, jezierny f laky, -.ro 1 
lake, -rzysty ^ full of lakes. 

j§z6r ^ Cpogardliwie) tongue. 

jezilowiec ™ (zo.J porcupine; (zo.) 
sea-hedgehog. *6wka^, (zo.) sea- 
urchin, echinus, •-owy " por- 
cupine . . . [suit. 

jezuillcki ? Jesuitical, •-ta "^ Je- 

jezusllek 'V (f-gJ hypocrite, •.o- 
wy f of Jesus. 

jezyc ^? to bristle, m, sie "^f to 
stand on end, bristle. 

j^zyczliek "^ little tongue; uvula; 
(na kompasiej hand. --ki pl-t 
^ ~ psie, (hot.j dog's tongue. •»ny * 
lingual; flippant. 

jezyk™ tongue; language, idiom; 
zasiegnad -.a, to get information; 
miec CO na koncu *.a, to have a 
thing at one's tongue's end ; miec 
dtugi *, to have too long a tongue. 
•-owaty " tongue-shaped, •-owy ^^ 
f gram. J lingual ; linguistic(al). 
•-oznawstwo 7 linguistics. 

jezyna, vid. jerzyna. 

jodtlla^, fir-tree, •-owyffir.., 

JOta *i jot; CO dojoty, every jot of it. 

jowialllista "^ jovial, humorous 
man. *.nosc ^, jovialness, joviality, 
•'ny " Jovial. 

Jowisz"^ ^asir.; Jupiter. *»owy? 
of Jupiter. 

^ubilat ^ holding a jubilee. 

jubiler "? jeweller, lapidist. -vski ? 



jubilerstwo 

jeweller's, o^stwo ^ jeweller's 
trade, jewelling. [jubilee. 

jnbilausz ^, jubilee, •owy " of 

jucha^ blood of a beast; (vulg.J 
scoundrel, rascal. 

jacht ^ Kussian leather, Russian 
hides. '«'Owac ^? to tan in Rus- 
sian manner, -owy f (made) of 
Russian leather. 

pczny f ko'h -*, pack-horse; wdz^^ 
luggage- van. 

uczyc ^f to load, charge with, 
ndaszowy " Judas, traitor's. 

;jiiiuba ^ (hot.) jujube. 

Juki pl-i pack - saddle , sumpter- 
saddle. 

junallcM ? swaggering, blustering. 
•Ctwo 7 boasting, bravado, rodo- 



montade. •'Czyc 



81f 



to hector, boast, rodomontade, 
swagger, -.k "^ bully, stout man ; 
rodomontador. *.kierya^» swag- 
gering, blustering. 
juniec "^ bullock, 
upka^i juppon. 



i' 



ur "^ na iw. -^a, jak rak iioUnie, 

never, at no time, 
jurgielt ^ salary, pension, salary. 

-•nik "7 stipendiary. 
jumllosc ^, lechery, -y ^ lecherous, 

lewd. [jurisconsult, lawyer, 

juryslldykcya <i jurisdiction. *.tai; 
juszllka, vid. jucha. *yc^?^ to cover 

with blood. 
jutaro ^^ tomorrow ; dzU ~, sooner 

or later, one of these days, 
jntrzllejszy " of tomorrow.-enka ^, 

dawn, day-blush; morning star. 

•«nia ^» matins pi., morning- 
Jni "p already. [prayers pi. 

juzci **? certainly, of course. 



kabacik '^ small jacket. 

kaballla *i fortune - telling from 
cards; cabal, intrigue; kiaid -i^, 
to tell fortune from cards. <»lar- 



kajdanki* 67 

ka^, fortune-teller by means of 
cards, o^lista "^ cabalist. <»listy" 
czny f cabalistic. 

kabat ^ jacket, jerkin. 

kablak IJ curve ; arch. *.owato ^f 
curvedly. ^^owaty " arched^ 
arch-shaped. 

kabryolet "? gig, light chaise. 

kacellrski ^ heretic, •^^rstwo » 
heresy, -^rz '^ heretic. 

k%ci||k ^IJ little corner, comer, 
-^sty f having angles, angular. 

kacz||§ ^ duckling, •.ka ^, duck, 
-kowaty ^ duck's bill. *or "^ 
drake', (^dzifci^ mallard, -^orowy? 
of drake, -.y ^ duck's. 

kacz3riiiec ^ Chot.J butter-flower. 

kadellcki ? of cadet; ^cM korpus, 
cadet-company. *.t ^ pupil of a 
military school, cadet. 

kadencya^, ("TnuzJ cadence; con- 
sonance (of verses); - sadowa, 
court-day, assizes pi. 

kadhlb ^ trunk, torso, a corpse 
without head; vessel made of 

kadr "^ Cmil.j cadre. [bark. 

kadryl ^ (taniecj quadrille. 

kadullcznie «*p devilishly, -.cznyf 
devilish; epileptic. *k ^ devil, 
deuce; epilepsy, falling- sickness. 

kadz^, vat, tub, keeve. 

kadzllenie " perfuming, fumigation, 
-ic ^f to incense ; fumigate ; (fig.) 
flatter, ^^^idlo « incense, frank- 
incense. 

kadzieH, distaflf; po •,!, by his 
mother, on the mother's side. 

kadzielnica *i censer. 

kafar ^ rammer, battering ram. 

kafel "; Dutch tile (for stoves). 

kaftan ^ jacket, jerkin. -,ik *J 
waist-coat; bodice. 

kaganek "^ fire-pot, nightrlamp. 

kaganiec'^ (iron) muzzle; fire-pot. 

kanalHt " assembly of the elders 
of the Jews. -.Iny ^ belonging 
to the Jews, of the Jews. 

kajac 8i§ ^T to repent; (czem) ta 
take example by . . . 

kajdanlliarz '^ convict. *ki pl.^^ 



6J? 



kajdany 



fetters pi. ; *,lii na rece, manacles, ' 
handcuffs, •-y pL, chains pL, 

kajet, writing-book, [shackles pi. 

kaimowski " of Cain ; fratricidal. 

kaQTlta, cabin, 

kakac ^'? to cack. 

kakao 7 cacao. 

kakol " Cbot.J darnel ; ('fig J weed, 
•nica*", Cbot.J corn-cockle. 

kat "", dirt, filth, mud. 

kalac '"'^ to defile, pollute, stain. 

kalalior '^ oauliflovrer. 

kaiamajka^, fmateryaj calaman- 
co: small cart. 

katamarz "^ inkstand. 

kalarepa, vid. galarepa. 

katdun '^ maw, paunch*, tripe, 
guts pi. •.owy f intestinal, 
paunchy. 

kalellctwo \ lameness , maimed- 
ness. -^czyc "'^ to maim, muti- 
late. *.ka ^ cripple. 

kalendarz "^ calendar, almanac. 

kaletllai^, small leather-bag,leather- 
purse. *ka *", small leather purse ; 
gall-bladder. *iiik "^ trunk- 
maker. [*rowy f caliber . . . 

kaiibller '^ bore (of a gun), caliber. 

kalif "; caUf. 

kaligraf '^ calligrapher. -ia ^, 
calligraphy, penmanship, •-iczny" 
calligraphic. 

kalinlla^i ^6o^^ guelder-rose, •o- 
wy ^ of guelder-rose. 

kalisty ^ slimy, mudy. 

kalkancista ^, organ-blower. 

kalkowac ^" to draw through 
transparent paper. 

kalkulllacya ^, calculation, ^ator"^ 
calculator, •.owac ^" to calculate, 

kalnyf dirty, mudy. [compute. 

kalosz "^ galoche; <«.e gumowe, 
India rubber shoes, rubbers jii. 

katnzlla *", mire, puddle, plash. 
*any, -^ny " plashy, slushy. 

kalwilln ^ Calvinist. -^nka ^, Cal- 
vinist- woman, -•nski ^ Calvi- 
nistic(al). 

kamasze pi.-, Ckrotkiej spatter- 
dashes pl.t (diugiej gaiters pi. 



kanapka 

kamea^, cameo. 

kameduia "' CamaldolK?. 

kameleon '^ (zo.j chameleon. , 

kamelia^, (hot.J camellia. 

kamera ^, office of domains. *liiy ? 
financial, cameralistic. 

kamerdyner "^ valet, man-servant, 
•-ski " valet's. 

kamforlla \ camphire, camphorc 
•-Owy " camphorate(d). 

kamien^ stone } drogi ~, precious 
stone, jewel; ~. graniczny, boun- 
dary-stone ; ~ obrazy, a stumbling 
block; ~ mtynski, mill -stone, 
grindstone; ~ probierczy, touch- 
stone; ~< wegielny y foundation- 
stone ; * w p^cherzu, gravel in the 
bladder; spadt mu ~ z serca, he 
casts away care; kamieniem (sie^ 
dziecj, as if nailed to the spot. 

kamieniali'rka ^, stone cutter's 
wife; stone-cutting, ^rnia^, work- 
shop of a stone-cutter. -*rski ? 
stone-cutter's, -rstwo ^ stone- 
cutting, •rz ^ stone-cutter. 

kamienica ^, house (stone-built). 

kamienlliec ^^ to become stone, 
petrify, •-isty " stony, rocky, 
pebbly. --nik '^ quarry - man. 
--ny " stony, built of stones; 
rocky; s6l *.na, mineral salt; 
wegiel ••ny, pit-coal; --ne sercCf 
hard heart, heart of stane. 

kamioneczka *", (bot.j bilberry, 

kamionka^i heap of stones, cairn; 
(do nog J warming-bottle. 

kamionowallc ^'^ to stone, lapi- 
date, -nie " stoning, lapidation. 

kamizellla <; jacket, jerkin, -.ka', 
waistcoat. 

kamlot '^ fmateryaj camlet. <».0- 
wy '^ (made) of camlet. 

kampanja ^, (mil.J campaign. 

kamrat "^ comrade. 

kamyilczkowaty ^ pebbly, -.k ™ 
pebble. 

kanak "^ necklace (of pearls etc.). 

kanat ^ canal, channel. 

kanalja "^ <fe *", rascal ; rabble. 

kanaplla*", sofa. *ka^, causeusec 



kanar 

ianar*^ canary-sugar; ^winoj ca- 
nary. -ek " canary-bird. *ko- 
wy ^ canary. 

kancelllarya *; ©rice; chancery, 
-^aryiny " chancery . . . , of the 
chancery, •-ista" clerk, writer; 
•.ista sadowy, actuary clerk. 

kancerowaty ^ chancrous. 

kancleilrski f chancellor's. '•.> 
Stwo ^ chancellorship, •-rz ^ 
chancellor, ••rzyc "^ chancellor's 
son. *.rzyna^, chancellor's wife, 

kancyonat ^ psalm-book, book 
of hymns. 

kanczng: ™ cat-o'-nine-tails. 

kandydat ^ candidate; postawic 
•-a, vid. postawic. <»iira ^, candi- 
dateship. [hawk. 

kania *", ComJ kite, -.k " lark- 

kanianka ^, dodder of thyme, de- 
vil's guts. 

kanikullia ^, Dog-star, Sinus ; dog- 
days; ffig.) madness; cierpiec na 
«^tf , to be mad. -.larny f" cani- 
cular. 

kanka ', clyster-pipe, a cock, 

kanon ^ canon, rule. 

kanonada^, cannonade. 

kanonilla^i canonry; dwelling of 
a canon. •'Czka ^, canoncss. 
*.Czn08C ^, canonicalness. •-czny ^ 
canonical, -.k ™ canon, preben- 
dary. 

kanonler 'J cannonier, gunner, 
--ski ^ cannonier's, gun . . . 

kanonista "J canonist. 

kanonizllacya ^, -owanie ^ cano- 
nisation, •►owac ^^ to canonise. 

kanf^ corner, edge, -.ak'^ grapple. 

kantar "^ port-raouthed bit. 

kantaryda ^, cantharis, Spanish fly. 

kanton "^ district, circuit, canton ; 
levy (of soliders). •-ista ^ man 
subject to military service. 

kantor ^ chanter, chief-singer; 
counting-house, •.ek ^J scrutoire, 
writing-desk. -owy ? of counting- 
house, office . . . M'Zysta "? office- 
clerk, [of hymns. 

kantyczki pi., psalm-book, book 



Tcapota 6SI 

kanwa ^, canvas. 

kapa^, cope; bed-cover; covering, 

kapallc ^^ to drop, fall in dropes. 
-nina^, dropning; ptacic •••nina, 
to pay by driblets. 

kapallc ^^ to bathe, -c 8i§ ^ to 
b'athe , take a bath, -.nie 8i§ ^ 
bathing. [caper-sauce. 

kapar ^ rbotj capar ; sos z ^aini, 

kapcan " poor wretch. 

kapciucli '^ tobacco-pouch, 

kapela^, fmuzykdwj band. 

kapelalin "^ chaplain. •,nia <i 
chaplaincy. *nski f chaplain's. 

kapelmistrz "^ bandmaster. 

kapelu sik '^ little hat. -sina*; 
old hat. -rsz™ hat; -^sz damski, 
bonnet, lady's hat. •-szilictwo ^ 
hatter's trade, hat-manufacture. 
-"SZiiiczy f hatter's, ^-sziuk " 
hat-maker. •'SZOWy ? hat . . . 

kapica^, hood, cowl. 

kapillel *i bath : -el parowa, va- 
pour-bath. *.olka ^, child's bath. 

kapitalU'^ fund, stock, capital. 
•*lik "^ small capital, •'lista ^ in- 
dependent gentleman, capitalist. 

kapitalnllie ^} excellently. *y f 
capital, principal; excellent. 

kapitalln ™ captain, •-nowa ^, 
captain's wife, -^nski ^ captain's. 

kapitel ^ (arch.) capital. 

kapitoH Capitol. *ski^ Capitolian. 

kapitullta ', chapter (of a cathe- 
dral) ; wytrzec komu •^^j to lecti-re 
a person, -winy ^ of the chapter. 

kapituljlacya ^, capitulation. *.o- 
wac ^^ to capitulate, 

kapka^« small drop. 

kapialln™ priest, clergyman ; vyienci 
•.n, high priest, -nka ^, priestess.' 
-"nski f priestly, sacerdotal, 
-►nstwo 1 priesthood. 

kaplillca^, chapel, -czka^, small 
chapel, chapelet. 

kapton, -.ek "J Com, J capon. *i f 
capon's. -*.ic '"f to caponise, 
castrade cocks. 

kapn%c ^ to drip ofll 

kapota^. great coat 



70 kapral 

kapral T corporal, •-ski f cor- 
poral's, corporal... •-stwo^rank 
of a corporal, corporalship. 

kaprawy ^ blear-eyed. 

kaprylls '^ caprice, whim, freak. 
-'Sic ^? •< -< si§ ^r to be huraor- 
Eome, be cross and peevish, -sni- 
ca ^, whimsical woman. *.snik '^ 
whimsical man, crotcheteer, hu- 
morist. <*.sn0SC ^, freakishness, 
capriciousness. -sny^ capricious, 
whimsical, freakish. 

kaptowac ^" to win favour, gain 
one over to our interest. 

kaptur '^ cowl, monk's -hood; 
chimney-top; eye-flap, •.ek "^ 
cover for a pistol; small cowl. 
•OWy " of cowl; •-owe sadyy 
interim courts. 

kapucyiln ^ Capuchin (monk). 
•«nski f Capuchin's. 

kapuscianl'ek ^ cabbage butter- 
fly, -^y, kapustny " of cabbage, 
cabbage . . . , (f-gJ «*a gtowa, 
cabbage-head. 

kapusllcisko 1 cabbage - garden, 
•olliak ^ soup with sourcrout. 

kapustlla ^, cabbage ; ffigj groch 
z •-a, confusion, ^-nik "^ cabbage- 
fiel^; cabbage-butterfly, -wny ^ 
coaly, charry. 

kapuza^, cowl, furcap, hood. 

kara ^, punishment, penalty, pain ; 
two -wheeled cart; ~ pienifzna, 
mulct, fine; ~ imierci^ capital 
punishment; pod kara smierci, 
upon pain of death. 

karabela ^i sabre, shord curved 
sword. 

karabin ^ carbine, musket, ^.ek'^ 
carbine, petronel, small carbine. 
•ier "^ carbineer, •.ierski ^ car- 
bineer's. *.owy ^ carbine . . . 

karallc ^" to punish, castigate, 
chastise; «^c ^miercia, to inflict 
capital punishment. ' •-nie ^ pu- 
nishment. 

karacena ^, scale-cuirass. 

karafka*", flagon, decanter. 

karambol ^y (w bUardzicJ cannon. 



kark 

--OWac ^'^ fw grze hilard.J to 
cannon. [marble. 

kararyjski ^ - marmor^ Carrara 

karas "^ crucian 

karat "^ carat. *owyf dwudzksio 
— , of twenty carats. 

karawan ^ hearse. 

karawana^, caravan. 

karazya^, coarse cloth. 

karb 'IJ incision, notch ; reckoning, 
imputation; Masc na czyj .«,, to 
impute; trzymac to karhach^ to 
keep under restraint. 

karbieniec "IJ fhot.j water hoar- 

karbona*", poor-box. [hound. 

karbowallc^^to score, notch, jag, 
-^ny ^ indented, notched. 

karbowy "^ keeper of a stackyard, 
overseer. [medj, 

karbunknl "^ carbuncle (min. cfe 

karciallny ^ of cards, card... 
--rka ^, -rz "^ gamester, player 
at cards. [reprehend. 

karcic '"^ to castigate, chastise, 

karcz "IJ stump. 

karczllemka ^, small inn.*.emnie"? 
rudely, roughly, impertinently, 
^•emny" ill-mannered; mobbish. 
-^ma \ tavern, public house, 
•-niarka ^, hostess, -.marz "^ inn- 
keeper. 

karczoch "^ artichoke. 

karczowllac "'f to ro9t out, grub, 
-^anie "? karczunek* "^ clearing, 
grubbing up. •-isko "I woodland 
turned into arable.-. nik™ grubber. 

karczysty ^ thick- necked. 

kardynallt IJ cardinal. *lski ? 
cardinal's. -^Istwo ^ cardinal- 
ship, cardinalate. 

kardynalny " cardinal, principal. 

karellciany " couchy, couch... 
<^ta ^, carriage , coach, '^tka ^ 
one-horse chaise. 

kares '^ caress, endearment, •-o- 
wac '"^ to caress, fondle, dally. 

kark ™ nape, neck; dig.) zlamaS 
komu *, to ruin a person; wzia4 
kogo za ~, to collar one; twardego 
*viif stubborn, obstinate; mied 



karle6 

kogo na i^n, to be troubled with 

I a person. 

ianllec ^ to become dwarfish, 
decrease. *ica^« woman-dwarf, 
pigmy. 

karlowallciec ^ to waste away, 
bastardise, •-ty f dwarfish; ^te 
drzewo, dwarf tree. 

karmazTii'? crimson ; l;erme8-oak. 
•ek *5 kermes. -owy f crimson. 

karmolek ^ caramel. 

karmelitlla ^, Carmelite (moak). 
<»ka^, Carmelite nun. 

karmiila, kann'^, food; nourish- 
ment. *,c ^^ to feed; nourish; 
»>C piersi^y to give suck to, suckle ; 
*»>t nf czem, to Uve upon, '^ciel ^ 
nourlsher. '^cielka^, nurse. *e- 
ni^ « nourishment; mt m> pieraiami^ 
nursing. <»ony ^ >« '^ szpakami, 
canning, sly. 

karxnin " •'Owy ? carmine. 

kammik "^ fattened pig; stable 
for fattening cattle in. 

karmny " fattened. 

kamawai "i; carnival. 

kameol '^ Cminj cornelian. 

kames "^ (arch.) cornice. 

kamllie <*f* in discipline. •>08C^, 
discipline, •y ^ (jur.J penal ; well- 
disciplined. 

karo ^ ^~ orze kartowejj diamond. 
*»wy " krdl ~ ~, king of diamonds. 

karolek '^ (botj caraway. 

karllp' i; <«o.>/ carp. *pi, -.piowy " 
of carps, carp . . . •.pi^ , young 

karpa^, stunk, stock. [carp. 

karpidwka^ flat tile. 

kartjla ^, card ; (atronnica) page ; 
fpapieru) leaf; ^-a wizytowa, (vi- 
siting) card. *»ka ^, piece of pa- 
per; note of hand;. note; slip of 
paper. 

kartacz "^ cartouch, canister-shot. 
•owy ? * ~ ogien, grape-shot fire. 

kartel '^ cartel. [to... 

kartofllel "; potato, -.lany ? pota- 

karton ^ cartoon; pasteboard. 

kattowac^^ to contrive a scheme 
or plan. 



kasztelankfl 



n 



kartoWnik ^ card-maker; oaroh 
player. 

kartan ^ calico, cotton. 

kartuz "^ Carthusian (friar). M.ek'? 
Carthusian pink. «ya^ Carthu- 
sian monastery. 

karnk ^, ishiglass, fish-glue. 

kary ? black. 

karyllgodnosc ^, punishableness, 
culpableness. ^godny * punish- 
able, culpable. 

karyolka^t gig, whisky. 

karzei: ^ dwarf. 

kaslla ^, money-box; cash-book; 
»a hileiowa, ticket - office ; <^a 
ogzczedvciciy saving- bank. <%0" 
wy , cash . . . ••yer 'J cashier, 
^-yerski ? cashier's, -^yerstwo ^ 
cashier's office. 

kasac 8i§ ^ ^na <»^ to aspire to. 

kasac ^? to bite ; (fig.) to be poig- 
nant. 

kasacylla ', cassation, •'jny ? «^ 
— , court of cassation. 

k^sek"^ bit, little morsel; tmaczny 
~, delicacy, tid-bit. 

kasowac ^f to cancel, rescind, 
annihilate, annul. 

kasowy ? vid. kasa. 

kastor 'J fzoj beaver, castor. *o« 
wy f beaver. 

kaBtrllat "? castrated man ; fSpie- 
wdkj castrate, ^owac ^ to castrate, 
geld. 

kasyno "J club-house, casino. 

kaszlla, -ka *i grits jjZ., groats pi.; 
«.a perlowa^ pearl-barley; »a 
jaglana, millet gruel. *arz '^ 
groats-monger. [to cough. 

kaszllel '^ cough, •lee, --liiad **? 

kaazkief^ shade-bonnet; shako. 

kaszta*; (typ.J case. 

kasztan^ chestnut; chestnut-tree; 
chestnut - horse ; fbotj ^ dzikiy 
horse-chestnut. •rOwaty f chest- 
nut-coloured, chestnut ; kon -, -», 
chestnut-horse. 

kasztelalln "^ castellain, bailiff of 
a castle, -nia ^, castellany.*.iiic7 
castellain's son. *]ika^« castel- 



72 kasztelanowa 

lain*8 daughter. <»>uowa ^, wife 
of a castellain. »n8ki f castel- 
lain's. *]^8two7 castellany ; castel- 
lain and his wife. 

kaszywo ^ all sorts of groats. 

k&t 'y headsman, hangman, exe- 
cutioner; cdz u kata! what the 

kat \ angle; corner. [deuce 1 

katafalk 7 hearse, catafalque. 

katalog "^ catalogue. 

featanka^, jacket. [to poultice. 

kataplazm "^ poultice. i»owac '"f 

katar "^ catarrh, rheum ; cold (in 
the head). *aliiy, *owy ? catar- 
rhal, rheumatic. 

katarakta ^, water- fall, cascade ; 
(med.J cataract. 

katarynka^, barrel-organ, 

katastrofa ^, catastrophe. 

katech||6ta, •'ista *y catechist, lec- 
turer, [to catechise. 

katecMzIlm"^ catechism, •.owaic^? 

katedra ^, professor's chair ; cathe- 
dral, fioj f cathedral. 

kategorylla ^, category. ..cznie «? 
categorically. •'Czny ^ catego- 
ric(al). 

katek ^ (small) comer. 

katnica*", (med.) blind gut. 

katolillcki " Roman - Catholic, 
-ctwo^ •'Cyzm "^ Catholicism. 
••czka ^, --k '? Roman-Catholic. 

katowilac ^^ to scourge, torture, 
torment. A'anie "J torture, racking, 
•-nia \ torture-room; (mpczar- 
niaj rack. «*iiik "^ hangman's 
assistant, torturer, •-ski, -^y ^ 
hangman's, executioner's. 

katowlty f angular; «>a miara, 
iron-rule, square. 

katnsza^, ("mpczamiaj rack. 

kaucya*", surety, bail. 

kauteryzllacya /, cauterisation. 
•'Owac '^f to cauterise. 

kawa^, coffee 

kawal " piece, --ek '^ small piece. 

kawalellr ™ single gentleman, 
bachelor; suitor, wooer; (orderuj 
knight ; gentleman ; ( fort) cava- 
\ier. i^rski " unmarried, single; 



kibitka 

cbiyalric, knightly. *»rya ^, horse, 
cavalry; bachelorship. •.rzystft'^J 
horse-man, trooper, cavalier. 

kawalkata^, cavalcade. 

kawecan "^ cavesson. [ailing. 

kaweczyc ^ to drudge, toil; ba 

kawlfiany ? coffee . . . -iarka ^, 
coffee-woman; gossip, •lamia*! 
coffee-house, •iarz ^IJ coffee- 
house keeper ; man fond of coffee, 
•ka ^, coffee; (om.J jack-daw. 
•owy " coffee.. .; coffee coloured. 

kawiar "^ caviare. 

kawon ^ water-melon. 

kazailc '*^^V', to command, order ; 
preach ; yt robii, to cause to be 
made ; ••c komupowiedzied, to send 
a person word. •'Inica^, pulpit. 
-^nie » sermon, lecture. [each. 

kazdy f every, each; every one. 

kazillc , to pollute, dishonour, 
-ciel "^ corrupter, destroyer. 

kazirolldnik, '«'dzca ^ incestuous 
person. •.dny,*dzki? incestuous. 
•'dztwo'J incest, incestuousness. 

kaimirek ^ cashmere. 

kain^i, penalty, punishment. 

kaznodziejIJa "y preacher, -.skif 
preacher's. *.Btwo ^ ministry. 

kaznar "^ (om.J cassowary. 

kaznb ™ small vessel of bark. 

kaztiistlia ^ casuist, -yka*", ca- 
suistry, [to time. 

kazjTwac ""V" to preach from time 

k§dy «? where. «.kolwiek ^^' 
whereever. 

kfdzierzawllic ^f •ic 8i§ T t^ 
crisp, curl, •riec ^ to begin 
curling. *0SC^, curliness. -.y ? 
curly, curly-headed. 

k^dzior ™ lock, curl. 

kfpila *", ait, small river-island, 
••iasty ^ shrubby, bushy, -ina *i 
bunch of plants. 

kfS "^ bit, morsel. 

k^tnary pi , gauntree. 

ki, -4 ^T" Cvuig.) vid. jakL 

kibic*i waist, stature. 

kibitka '^ kibitka (a kind of Rus- 
sian vehicle)- 



kicha6 

kichllEC, fJiAd ^ to sneeze, ^^a- 
nie, •'iiienie " sneeze, sneezing ; 
proszekna ~ *, sternutative pow- 
der. *awiec, Cbot.J pellitory. 
••aczka, *'awka^, frequent snee^ 

kiciasty " crested, tufted, [zing. 

Mecka*, woman's linen-frock, 

kiedy «*^ <fe f when ; ~ niekitdy, cow 
and then, -wkolwiek*^ whenever. 
•.8 *^ once, 'xi "-^ when (then). 

kiet , fang, tusk; germ, bud; 
(o koniuj vjziai na ^, to run away, 
bolt, arek , germ, bad; »ki 
ptiazcxaS, to germinate, bud. 

Metllb' " groundling, gudgeon, 
-"bik '^ small gudgeon. 

Melballsa^, small sausage. *,8nl- 
ca ^, gut for sausages ; pork- 
butcher(e88). •.snik 'J'^ork- 
butcher. 

kielillch 'I cup, chalice ; Clot. J ca- 
lyx. «»8zek 'IJ wine-glass. 

kielkowac ^? to bud, germinate. 

kielnia^, troweL 

kietznllac ^« to bridle; ffigJ to 
restrain, •o "J bridle. 

kiep ^ scoundrel, reprobate. 

kiepsklli ? bungling, ill-done, bad. 
•0 <*? badly. 

kierda^, boar. 

kiereazowac ^f to slash, carve. 

kiereja^, fur-coat. 

Mermasz " consecration of a 
church; kermess. 

kiemOZ, vid. kierda. 

kierowllac '^V' fczemj to direct, 
conduct, govern; (konmi) to man- 
age, govern ; (kogo na coj to des- 
tine for . . . ; •ac *»? cztm, to be 
governed by . . . '^anie ^ leading, 
conducting; management, direc- 
tion. «»nictW0 ^ direction, ad- 
ministration. 

kienmek '^ direction, course. 

kierz, vid. krzak. 

kierznia^, chum, 
kieslla, *ka *", purse, 
kieszlien ^ pocket. •'Onka *", fob. 
•-onkowe" pocket-money, •on- 
kowy f pocket . . . 



kitajka 73 

kij '7 stick; cane, walking-stick, 
•epl., (fig.) cudgeling ; «e doatac, 
to be cudgeled, •-aszek , -•ek ™ 
small stick. m.%Q "^ cudgel. 

kijanka U (lo.) tadpole; beater, 
wash-beetle. 

kiknt '^ stump, end ; maimed per« 
son. •.ad , to halt, limp, 

kiia*", (mtd.J Bcrotocele. 

kilimek "^ woolen cover. 

kilka ^^ several, some, •krod <*? 
several times, ^dziesiat num.^ 
about thirty, forty . . . (tiirninety). 
•nascie num.^ about thirteen . . . 
(till nineteen). 

Mlkoildniowy ^ of several daj^. 
-•godzinny f of several hours, 
•"letni" (^f several years, -^rakif 
various, manifold, •-ro ^ several, 
some. •'Wyrazowa ^ ~-^ iiosiy 
(mat.) polynome. 

kilku -^T several, some, -wnastn 
num., about thirteen . . . (till nine- 
teen), [kilometer. 

kilollgrain "i; kilogram, -metr '^ 

kiiowaty f herniated. 

kim ^^f instr. od kto. 

kinal™ (w kartach) knave of clubs , 
(fig.) rude fellow. 

kindiat "1? poniard, dagger. 

kiosk '^ kiosk. 

kipiec ^^ to boil over; boil up. 

kir '^ shroud, pall. 

kiryllB "J cuirass, -.snik, *syer 'V 
cuirassier. •syersM ^ cuirassier's. 

kisllC ^ brush ; (ogona krowy etc.) 
bush, tuft; /^5of.^pannicle, cluster, 
•ciasty f panicled 

kisllic , (ogurki etc.) to preserve, 
pickle, -iec, --nac , kisniec '^\^ 
-ic si§ ^r to be pickled ; ferment. 
*iel "J gruel prepared of leaven 

kistka*", bunch. [and honey. 

kiszkjia*", gut; pudding, sausage; 
a kind of hunting-carriage; •.a 
odchodowa, rectum. •.Qwy * in- 
testinal. 

kit ^t cement; putty. 

kitl|a,-ka ^, (czub) crest ; bush, tuft 

kitaj "^ buckram, -ka*", taffeta; 



74 kitajkowy 

- • glancowna, lustring. *kowy ? 
made of taffeta, 
kitel ^ frock, smock-frock. 

kitowac ''f to cement, putty. 

Mwliac, --nac ""t* to shak^, agi- 
tate ; fna kogoj to nod to, beckon 
to ; — giow^ , to shake one's 
head ; ^ * ogonemy to wag its tail, 
•anie sif ^ shaking, tottering. 
<«'lilf de ^ nodding, beckoning. 

kl%b "; ^2 TcwiatdwJ border, flower- 
bet. Ifu TconiaJ withers pi. 

kl%b ^7 olew, skein ; rdymu^ cloud ; 

kl%c , to curse, swear; detest, 

klacz^, mare. [execrate. 

klradka \ very small bridge, gang- 
board, [paste. 

klajstller *!? paste. *rowac^^ to 

Wiid pl.t hards |>I., tow; tuft (of 
a hair). 

kiam ^ lie. -^a6 ^ to He. -^anie ^ 
lying, telling lies or aiie. •-ca'J 
lier. •.liwy ^ lying ; false, -.gtwo ^ 
lie; «ada6 -^~,-to give a lie. 

klamllerka ^, small cramp, 'small 
cramp-iron; (typ.J bracket; (do 
iffieszania lieliznyj peg. .*ra *i 
cramp, cramp-iron ; clasp, hook. 
•'TOwac ^" to fasten, clasp. 

klamka ^, latch ; zamknaS na klam- 
k^, to latch. 

Maniallc ^V' to greet ; •.m uniienie ! 
your servant I -^c 8i§ T to greet, 
salute; revere, reverence; ^j mu 
tif ode mr{ie, present him my 
compliments. •-nie si^^ greeting; 
bowing and scraping. 

klapa ^, fu odzieniaj flap, cuflf; 
(muz.) key, stop; valve. 

klapad sie ""f (^ hiodej to splash. 

ktapallc '^, (zfbami) to chatter, 
•^czkaf^ chatter-bcx. 

klapllka ', (nrnz.) key, stop; (od 
uchaj lobe; -^ka rut muchy, fly- 
flap. •'H^'^"? to clap, smack; 
fall down"" heavily. 

kiaponchy ^ lap-eared. 

klaps "^ flap, smack. 

klaret ^ (winoj claret. 



klejnot 

klamelfclsta "7 clarionet, clarinet- 
tist. *t '^ clarinet, claxionet 

klarowllad '^f to clear, clarify, 
•'iiy f clear; clariOed. 

klasa ', class; range; (w HkoU} 
form, class. . 

kiasd''? to put, place, lay; put 
on. m. si^ ^' to lie down; g& to 
bed; be put, be placed; - do 
kieszeni, to put into one's pocket. 

klaakallc, klasnad^ to clap one'a 
hands; fz biczaj to crack, smack; 
applaud. m,cz ^ clapper, applau- 
der. •.nie ^ fz hiczaj cracking; 
applause. 

klasycznJIie «f classically; admi- 
rably. *.o§6% classicality. m,jf 
classic(al). 

klasyfikowac^? to classify, class. 

klasyk "^ .classical author. 

klaszt||6r "'^ cloister, monastery, 
••oniy f monastic. 

klatka ', cage, bird-cage, 

U^twa^, curse; anathema. 

klanzula^, clause. 

klanznra^, seclusion. 

klawillatura ^« keyboard, keys pi. 
•'CjTnbat'^ harpichord. -•'kord'J 
clavecin, •.sz ^ CmuzJ key. 

kt^bllek"; hank, ball. •icsi§^r 
to wind, ball. •'Owaty " having 
the shape of a ball, ^.nszek ^ 

klec*', hovel, cot. [small ball. 

klecha ^ village -schoolmaster; 
sexton, sacristan. 

klechda^, popular tradition. 

klecic ^? to make mud-walls; 
ffigj to compile carelessly, bungle. 

kl^czllalnik, *nik "ll praying-desk. 
•ec ^? to kneel. «.kiem "f na 
••kach, kneelingly. 

kleillc ^f to glue, lime. -6 si§ T 
to stick, adhere; (fig J to agree. 
'»'StOSC\ stickiness, vi^cousness, 
•-sty " viscous, sticky. 

klej "^ glue ; (chem.) lute ; ^ nlh 
fish-glue, isinglass, •.ek, kleik "^ 
slime, gruel; * owsiany, water- 
gruel. «>enie ^ smearing with 

klejnot ^, jewel. [glue, liming. 



klejony 

Mejollny f p. od icUi6. -watosc *", 
glutinousness, gluiness. -waty" 
gluey. *.wy ? gluish, glue . . . 

kl^k "? plough-tail. 

klf kllac, -^nac ^? to kneel down. 

klekot^ rattling; chatterer, pratt- 
ler; bad piano, •^z.t ^V" to clap, 
rattle; (o bocianiej to clatter. 
<^anie 7 clacking, rattling; thrum- 
ming (on instruments). *ka *", 
rattle; chatter-box. 

klektac, vid. kUkotai. 

klen "^ (ryhaj ablet, bleak. 

kl§pa^, slut, slattern. 

klepllac ^" (kucj to hammer ; /^zic- 
mifj to stamp; (po ramieniu) to 
tap (on the shoulder) ; •.ac lied^, 
to suffer want, •.adto ^ (narz^- 
dziej rammer, stamper. *>l8ko " 
threshing-floor, --ka ^, Cbeczkowa) 
stave; butter -roll; braknie mu 
piatej •.ki, he is crack-brained. 

klepsydra ^, water-clock, clepsy- 
dra, [-yk ^ seminarist. 

kler ™ clergy. ««.ycki ^ clerical, 

klesk "7 (ornj cherry-finch. 

kleska^, defeat, overthrow; ad- 
versity, disaster. 

klesnac ^f to fall in, collapse. 

klesnic ^" to geld, castrate. 

kleszcz ^ Cryha J ^\)ream; (onad) 
tick, •-e pl-i tongs pi. •.yki pi., 
pincers pi. [ricinus. 

kleszczowizna ^, Palma Christi, 

kleta*", clay-cottage. 

klienf^ client; customer. «>ela^^ 
ciientship, customers pi. 

klika*", junto, clique. 

klimat "^ climate. 

kiln '^ wedge; (w mknij gore; 
(ziemij neck of land, •-iasty ? 
wedge-shaped. 

klitka, vid. kleta. 

ktobullk, -czniki; n)ot.J coltsfoot. 

kloc ^ block, trunk ; ffig.J block- 
head, [to strike the eye. 

kt6c^^ to prick, sting; * woczy, 

ki6cic ^f (plyn) to stir up ; dis- 



klusek 



75 



unite; disturb (peace). 
to quarrel, fall out. 



Slf 



kloda^, block, stump, trunk. 
dlock. 
stump, trank; (fig,) 



klddka^, padlock. 



kiodzina 

blockhead. 

klokolicina *", pistachio-tree, ^tko-^ 
wy ^ ~ ~ orzech, pistachio-nut. 

klomb, vid. klab. 

klon '^ plane-tree. [maple. 

klonllina ^» maple-wood, •-owy ? 

ktonica*^ (u wozaj pin, rundle. 

klopollt 'y grief, sorrow; embar- 
-«»^assment, difficulty; bez -•tXT, grief- 

/ less ; bye w -.cie, to be at a loss, 
-tac , to give sorrow, trouble. 
* - sif "^r to care for, trouble 
oneself about ; griece at. -^tliwy ^ 
grievous, afflicted. 

ktos "^ (Tfot.J ear, spike, •.ek *? 
spikelet. •iany f of ears of corn. 
«*ic 8i§ ^r to shoot forth, shoot 
into ears, -.ie ^ ears of com ; 
gleaming, •.ieiinica ^, (Tfot.J mud- 
wort, -viasty f full of ears or 
spikes. 

kldsliek"; •'ka^, dumpling. 

kl:6tka, vid. kiodka. 

kl6t!lliwosc ^, quarrelsomeness, 
-liwy " quarrelsome, -.nia *", 
quarrel, altercation, •-niarka ^, 
quarrelsome woman. -knik"^ quar- 
reler, wrangler. 

klub ™ club. ..ista " clubbist, 
club-man. -owy " club . . . 

kluba ^, block, pulley; ffig.J 
bounds pi., limits pi. 

kluc ^" to peck, pick. «. sie T 
to break forth. 

ktuc, t^id. /c^(5c. 

klucz ^ key ; (anat.) collar-bone ; 
(muz.) clef; domain, demesne, 
--ka *", catch (to receive the hook) ; 
snare, springe, -.kowac ^f to 
tergiversate, •■nica ^, house-maid, 
house-keeper, -•.nik ^ door-kee- 
per, •-yk "^ small key; (bot.) 
primrose, cow-slip. 

kluka *", hook; great awkword 
nose. [trotter. 

kins ^ ambling pace, --ak '^ 

klnsek, vid. kldeek. 



76 



kiusowa6 



kinsowac ""V- to trot. 

kiykiec ^ articulation, joint. 

kmiellc '^ peasant (possessing a 
hide of land). *cy 'f peasant. 

]nnin,«'ek™ ^6o^> cumin, caraway; 
cumin-sed. '*k6wka ^, cumin- 
brandy, --kowy ^ cumin . . . ; 
zupa •-kowa, soup made with 
cumin-seed. 

kmiotek, vid. Jcmiec. 

kmoszka, vid. kumoszka. 

kmotr ^ godfather; stac w --y, to 

• stand godfather, stand godmother, 
•.a^, godmother, —ostwo " god- 
fa thership, sponsorship, -vowski " 
godfather's, godmother's. 

faiebllel " cudgel ; gag. -lowac ^" 
to bind, tie, gag. [gold. 

kniat, kniec '^ ChotJ marsh-marl- 

knillai ™ (Russian) prince. *.ehy- 
niat^-ehyni^i (Russian) princess. 

knieja ^, hunting-ground. 

knot ^ wick; match, lunt. 

knowllac, knnc ^^ to plot, con- 
trive; •-ac spisek^ to lay a plot. 
••aiue ^ contriving. 

knur, vid. Vierda. 

knnt™ knout. «>owac ^^ to knout. 

koadjutor^ coadjutor; cobishop. 
••ka^, coadjutrix. *.ski f coad- 
jutant. <«.stwo "J coadjutorship. 

koalicya^, alliance, coalition. 

kobalt ^ (min.) cobalt. 

kobeznik "IJ bag-piper. 

kobialka ^, basket, wicker-basket. 

kobieciliarz *^ ladies' man, fop. 
••ilia ^, pitiable, good womlin. 
-.y " womanish. 

kODielillc 8i§ "^r Co materyachj to 
bag, pucker. •.stOSC*", bagginess. 
^-Sty " baggy, puckery. 

kobierilczyk '^ small carpet. •-nik'^ 
carpet -maker, --zee '^ carpet; 
(fig.Jstan(}6nam,cxi^io get married. 

kobietllaf^ woman, -.ka ^, little 
woman ; (fam.) goody. 

kobns "^ (om.) hobby. 

kobyllla \ fklaczj mare; Cvulg.J 
awkward woman. *.li " mare . . . , 
mare's. «>lica ^t bar , barrier ; 



kokoszyd sig 

sawing-block, jack. •.Una ^, horse- 
flesh, ••ika*", young mare; Czo.} 
grasshopper. [vid. kobeznik. 

kobzlla^, fmuz.) bag- pipe. *.iarz, 

koc ^y shaggy coverlet. 

kockallc ^f^ ts> love. -*c sif ^ 
(xo kimj to be in love with one 5 
love each other, -.nek ™ lover; 
favourite, darling. -*nica*', mis- 
tress, woman in keeping, •.nie « 
love; (osohaj darling; moje^^f 
my love! «^nka ^, sweetheart, 
^-ny " dear, beloved. 

koci f cat's, cat ... ; ^ ogon, cat's 
tail Ctez hot. J] •.e oko, (min.J cat's 
eye ; *.e zloto , (min.J yellow 
glimmer, •-anki pi., (hot.) cat- 
kin, •.c sif ^r Co kociej to kitten; 
Co koziej to kid. «.e "! kitten, 
pussy-cat. 

kociel "^ kettle, caldron; kettle- 
drum, -wek ^ small kettle. 

kocisko ^ tomcat. 

kociuba^, pot-ladle; oven-rake. 

kocz "^ coach, calash. 

koczkodan "^J Czo.j baboon ; Cfig.J 
ugly woman. 

koczowllac ^^ to nomadise; en- 
camp, be encamped, •-anie" 
--niczosc^, nomadism. Msko " 
encampment. 

koczyk " chaise. 

kogO -^^.^ Sfen. (fe accu5. od kto. 

kognlici " cock's, cock ... -t " 
cock. [iiieniej to quench, 

koic ^" to appease, soften ; ("prag" 

kojarzyc ^^ * si§ ^f to unite, join. 

kojec ™ hen-house. 

kokcynela*", cochineal. 

kokietlla, -ka ^, coquette, flirt. -*o- 
wac ^^ to flirt, coquet. *owa*' 
nie ^ flirtation. 

koklusz ^ hooping-cough. 

kokoryczka V6o^>'Salomon'8 8eal» 

kokos '^ cocoanut - tree , cocoa, 
•-owy" cocoa...; ~~ orzech, co- 
coanut. 

kokosz,-»ka ^, hen ... •.y ^ hen . . . ; 
i^a wojna, war without fighting. 
••yc si§ ^r to boast, brag. 



kokot 

kokot, vid. kogut. [stifTen. 

k6i ™ peg, stake; koiem stanac, to 

kolacy " thorny, prickly. 

kolacya^, collation, supper; (urz^- 
du koicielnegoj collation. 

kol:acz "^ cake; bez pracy, niema 
*a, no pains, no gains. 

kolanliko " small knee; /^&o^^ knot, 
node, '•kowato "? with nodes, 
knottily. ~kowatoSC^, nodosity, 
knobbiness. •.kowaty " kneed, 
nodose, •.o " knee ; frzekij turn. 
•-owy " kosc *.owa, knee-cap. 

kolaslla, -^ka^, chaise. 

kolat ^ -'anie " fdo drzwij knock- 
ing ; rattling. *ac ^? ('do drzwij 
to knock ; rattle ; Cf.gJ to solicit 
(a person), -.ac sif ^f to stroll, 
ramble, -.ek "^ wood - fretter. 
•-ka*", CnarzfdzieJ knocker. 

kolator "^ collator, advowee, 
-ka ♦", collatress. -.ski f collator's, 
^stwo "J collation. 

kolba ^, fu strzelbyj butt-end; fu 
siodtaj pommel. 

kolclle ^ ring : (u pancerza) link^ 
nose-ring. -*ow6j '^ (hot.) com- 
mon silax. 

kolczila *", running at the ring. 
•,y ^ ring . . . 

kolczak ",' (hot.) hydnum. 

kolczan "7 quiver. 

kolczuga^, ring-mail. 

kolczyk "7 ear-ring. 

kolczysty ^ prickly, throny. 

koldra *", bed-quilt, cover of a bed. 

Koi? ^^^, od kloc. 

kolebllac ^? to rock (in a craddle). 
*ka*", craddle. [tongue. 

kolec" thorn, prickle ; fu sprzaczkij 

kdteczko 'J ringlet, little ring. 

kol||§da , --enda ^, Christmas-box, 
New-Year's gift ; Christmas. 

kolegila 1? colleague, -.ium ^ col- 
leagueship; college; lecture, --o- 
wac ^" fz kimj to be one's col- 
league. 

koleilisty " full of tracks, ^j '^ 
track, rut; succession; turn; (ze- 
laznaj railway ; •ino, po kolei, ko- 



kolowanie 



77 



Ifja, by turns, by files; succes- 
sively. «*jny " circular, circula- 
ting; successive. 

kotek ™ peg, plug. 

kolekta^, collection. 

kolenda, vid. kol^da. 

kolesnilla ^, wheeler's working- 
room, •.k'^ wheeler, cart-wright. 

kolezllanka ^, (female) companion, 
fellow, -.enski" collegiate, good 
colleague's, ^enstwo "J comerade- 
ship, fellowship, -wka*^ companion, 
comrade. [ming-bird. 

koliber ™ (om.J colibri, hum- 

koligallcic si§ '"V to become rela- 
ted by marriage , enter into re- 
lations, •cya^, affinity, alliance, 
-»t ^ person related by marriage. 

kolistllO **? circularly. -..OSC ^% cir- 
cularity, •-y f circular. 

kolka ^, colic, gripes pi. 

kdlko"? small wheel; ringlet; cir- 
clet; (fig. J circle (of friends etc.); 
(ostrogij rowel. 

kolnac ^" to sting, prick. 

kohiierz '^ collar ; cape, pelerine, 
•.yk '^ shirt-collar. 

kolnik "y (hot.) naphew. 

koto " wheel ; fu wozaj cart-wheel ; 
circle; (garncarskitj potter's 
wheel. [nearly. 

kolo^'^'fe^i^ round; near; about, 

kotodziej ^ wheel-wright. •ka^, 
cartwright's wife; cartwright's 
trade, --ski? wheelright's.*stW0^ 
wheel-right's trade. 

kolofonia^i colophony. 

kolomaz U grease for carriages. 

koloniila ^, colony, -sta ™ settler, 
colonist. 

kolor ^ colour, paint ; (lu kartachj 
suit, -vowac ^f to colour, dye. 
•owy •? coloured, -^ysta '^ co- 
lourist. iwyt '^ colouring. *yzO« 
wac ^*? to colour, illuminate. 

kolos^ colossus. *.al2iy?^ colossal, 
colossean, 

koiowllac '"V' to circulate, turn 
round; take a roundabout way. 
-'anie'I circulation ; taking round- 



18 



kolownik 



•nik ^ bicyclist, 



about ways. 
Teloclpedist. 

koiowrot "^ axle-tree, arbor; 
turnspit, roasting-jack; spinning- 
wheel. »ek "^ spinning-wheel; 
reel, yarn- winder.^ny" orbicular. 

koiowy ^ circular ; wheel . . . 

kolpak "^ bearskin cap. 

kottiui "^ plica (Polouica). --ia- 
sty, ••iaty f elf-locked, [nade. 

koliiiiiiia\ column. <«'da^, colon- 

kol^^sllac ^^ to rock (in a cradle). 
**ac 8i§ ^r to swing, see-saw: 
(o okrpdej to roll, reel, ^^.ailie , 
rocking. *anka^, lullaby, •-ka*', 
cradle. 

koma, vid. przecinek. 

komandor ^ commander (of an 
order), •ya^, commandery. 

komar ™ gnat. 

kombinacya ^, combination. 

komedylla <i comedy. *ancki f 
comic(al). '«>antka ^, CfigJ actress, 
player. 

komendlla^, command; fmil.Jd.e- 
tachment. <»ailt ^ commander, 
governor. A>erowac ^" fmilj to 
command. , [order). 

komendarz "^ commander (of an 

komentarz ™ commentary. 

komeraz "^ gossip, gossiping. 

l.oineszka^, alb, surplice. 

kometa ^ <fe ^, comet. 

komi||cznie"^?comically . «>cznosc ^, 
the comic; comicality, •-czny " 
comic ; comical, odd. ••k " comic 
actor. 

komin "^ chimney, ^-ek " fire- 
place; jump, leap (upwards). *.iar- 
czyk ^ chimney- sweeper's ap- 
prentice. «»iarski ^ chimney- 
sweeper's, -.iarz ^ chimney- 
sweeper, sweeper. '»owe 7 hearth- 
money. 

komis"? commission, order. *ant™ 
commissary; agent, commissio- 
ner. 4»ar8ki " commissary's; 
commissional. *arz ^ commissa- 
ry; commissioner, -owy ^ biuro 
•owe, commission-agency. *ya ', 



koinumkowa6 

commitee (body of men); *.ya 
iledcza, commitee of inquiry. 

komitywa *i footing, relations j?l. ; 
by6 z kirn w dobrej komitywiCf tO 
be on good terms with one. 

komiz, vid. kumys. 

komiiata *", room, chamber. 

komollnik, *nnik™ cavalry, horse- 
men; ^nnikiem, on horseback. 

komoda ^, chest of drawers, com- 

komor, vid. komar. [mode. 

komllora^, room; (celna) custom- 
house. <*>6x\iZ.\ little bed-room; 
(w plastrze mioduj cell, alveole; 
cell ; ^ ^ sercowa, ventricle of the 
heart, ^-drkowaty ? cellulous, 
cellular. 

komomlle ^ rent, hire, -ica *", 
lodger ; cottager. *.iczy f lodger's ; 
cottager's. *ik "^ lodger, tenant; 
farm-hand, cottager; fjur.J ap- 
paritor. 

komosic si§ ^f to grow angry. 

kompan ^ partner, companion, 
•-ia^, company ftez mil J. 

kompas "^ compass; sun-dial. 

komplemenllcista "^ complimen- 
ter. -.t ^ attention, civility. 

komplet "^ completeness; com- 
plete collection, -.ny ^ complete. 
«*OWac ^? to complete, "^owa- 
nie " completion, completing. 

koi^ponilista '^ composer, •-o- 
wac "^^^ to compose. [post. 

kompost "^ Csztuczny nawdzj com- 

kompozyllcya *", composition. -*ta ^ 
Cjur.J agreement; money paid in 
lieu of tithes. *.tor, '«'torka, vid. 
komponista. 

kompromills ^ fjur.J compromise, 
-towac*'" to compromise, expose. 

komput "^ preserves, stewed fruit. 
•"Owy f •-- zoinierz, regular. 

komunia ^, communion, the Lord's 
Supper. 

komtur, vid komendor. 

komunikllacya ^, communication. 

•acyjny ? junction -.ant "J 

communicant; host, holy wafer. 
•-owac ^"? to receive the sacra- 



komunista 

ment ; communicate. «> «« sie ^ 
(z kimj to maintain relations 
with...; Co chorobachj to be in- 
fectious, [communism. 

komunillsta "^ communist, •.zm "^ 

komysz "^ thicket. 

komza, vid. komeszka. 

kon "^ horse; horseman; wsiasc 
na *. lub konia, to get on horse- 
back; - dyszlowt/f thill -horse; 
~ lejcowy, leader; ^ przyprzezny, 
led-horse; ~ rzeczny, hippopota- 
mus ; ~ siwojdblkowity^ apple-gray 
horse ; ~ siwy, white horse, gray- 
horse ; */ szpakowaty, gray-horse ; 
~ wierzchowy, riding-horse. 

konallc ^? to be breathing one's 
last, give the last gasp; ekpire. 
•^jacy " expiring, dying, agoni- 
sing. *,nie ^ death-struggle. 

konar "^ bough, branch. 

koncepilcista ™ witling. -,t "^ 
sudden idea, sally (of wit) ; joke, 
jest; rough copy. 

koncerllcista ™ performer at a 
concert. *,t '^ concert. *.towy " 

koncka ^, mussel. [concert . . . 

konc||6wka <", final syllable.*owy ^ 
final, end . . . 

koncyliuni ^ council. 

konczllato, *asto <^? pointedly, 
•'atosc ^, pointedness. -^aty ^ 
pointed, sharp, -^yc ^^? to finish, 
end, terminate, be in the last 
agonies, -^yc si§ "^f to end, be 
over, be finished, •.yna^, ex- 
treme, extremity. 

kondek '^ Cvuig.j bit. 

kondel, vid. kundel. 

kondemnata ^. condemnation for 
contumacy. 

kondolencya ^, condolence. 

kondor "i; ComJ condor. 

konduita^, conduct, deportment. 

kondukt "^ funeral procession. 

konduktor"^ lighting-rod; guard, 
conductor. 

kondycya ^, condition ; (aluzba) 
employment; iU w kondycy^, to 
take an employment. 



konklawo 



7d 



konellw*, -^wka^", pail, bucket. 

konfederilacki ^ confederate, 
--acya*", confederation, confede- 
racy, -at '^ confederate, -.atka^, 
confederate's cap. •-owac sig T 
to confederate. 

konfekt "^ CaptekarskiJ confection ; 
confect, confectionery. 

konferencya *", conference. 

konfesyonal "7 confessional. 

konfidenlicyonalnie <^p confiden- 
tially, seize. -».cya ^, familiaritiespJ. 
•.t "^ familiar (showing familia- 
rities with superiors). 

konfirmacya ^, confirmation. 

konfiskilata *", confiscation; confis- 
cated goods. •'Owac "'l!' to confis- 
cate, •.owanie " confiscation. 

konfitnra *i comfits pi., confectio- 
nery. 

konfortatywa ^, restorative. 

konfrontowallc ^? to confront;. 
fpisma) to compare. «^iiie « con- 
frontation. 

konfuzya^, confusion. 

kongregacya ^, congregation. 

kongres ",' congress. 

koniak "7 cognac. 

koniarz "^ horse-deale!*. 

koniczyna^, clover, trefoil. 

koniec "^ end, extremity ; fpidra} 
nib; (jezykaj tip; end, purpose; 
~ koncow, finally, in conclusion. 

koniecznilie ^^ necessarily ; abso- 
lutely, by all means, -^osc^, ne- 
cessity; z *osci, of necessity, 
*.y ^ necessary. 

konillk'^ pony; hobby-horse; Cw 
szachachj knight. <*iia^, horse- 
flesh, -trud "; C^ot.J hedge-hys- 
sop, gratiola. 

konjugacya ^, ^grram.^ conjugation. 

konjunktura ^, conjuncture, coin- 
cidence of circumstances. 

koniuszek "i; lappet; (ucha) lobe. 

koniuszllostwo \ equerryship. 
•-OWSki?^ equerry's, •.y '^ master 
of the horse, equerry. *yna« 
equerry's wife. 

konklawe \ conclave. 



60 konkhizya 

konkluzya^, conclusion. 

konkordat ^y concordat, 

konknrllencya ^, competition; su- 
ing for. •.ent ^ suitor, wooer. 
«*Owac ^^ to court; sue. 

konknrs %' competition; bank- 
rupcy, insolvency. [suit. 

konkiiry pi, love-making, love- 

konnliica *", cavalry , horsemen, 
horse, -o "f on horseback, •-y " 
on horseback; equestrian, •-y ^ 
rider, horseman; trooper. 

konopltiasty ? hemp-like, ^^iepl., 
hemp, -ka*", <ornJ linnet; fbct.) 
water- plantain, -^nica ^, fbot.J 
water-hemp, -.ny " hempen. 

konowallt ""i vid. tutttrynarz. •.!- 
stwo " veterinary science. 

konsekwenllcya ^, consequence; 
consistency, -^tnosc ♦", consistency. 
«*tny " consistent, consequent. 

konsens ^ consent. 

konserwlla ^, preserve, confectio- 
nery. -*y pi., (okularyj preserves 

konserwallcyjny " conservative. 
•tor '^ conservator. 

konsM ^ horse . . . 

konsola^, pier-table. 

konsolacya ^, consolation; (figj 
children. 

konspirllacya*", conspiration, -o- 
wac "^.^ to conspire. 

konstytncylla \ constitution ; (da- 
la) complexion, constitution, -^j- 
ny " constitutional. 

konsTil '^ consul. -».amy ? con- 
sular. -*at ^ consulship, consu- 
late. A'OStwo ^ consulship, -o- 
wa^, consul's wife, -.owski f 
consul's. 

konsnmpcya ^, consumption. 

konsyderacya *", esteem, respect. 

konsyliarz ™' councillor; title of 
honour given to a physician. 

konsystencya ^, compactness, con- 
sistency; cantonment. 

konsystollrski f consistory, --rz "^ 
consistory, spiritual court. 

konszachty i?l., prevarication, 
collusion. 



kopanie 

kontent f content, contented, 
satisfied, -owac '"^ to content, 
satisfy. --» sig ^f to rest (be) 
content with. 

konterfekt "^ portrait, image. 

konto " account; na * Tno/e, for 
my account. 

kontrabandlia *", contraband, ^-y^^ 
Sta " contrabandist, smuggler. 

kontrakt'^arguin, coritract.^yp?., 
meeting of landowners formaking 
agreements with form-labourers. 
••owy " conventional, stipulated. 
•ujacy f <fc f contracting, con- 

kontfast '^ contrast. [tractor. 

kontrollla ^,control,check- account. 
•er ^ controller, ^^owac ^^ to 
control, check. [tilla. 

kontasik ^ fdla kohittyj man- 

kontnsz ^ a kind of great-coat 
(in Poland). 

kontuzya *", contusion. 

kontyngens ^ contingent. 

konwaUa^, fhotj May-flower. 

konwencylla ^, convention, agree- 
ment, -jny " conventional. 

konwent ",' assembly, convention. 
•-owy " convention . . . , con- 
ventional. 

konwersacya *", conversation. 

konwikt "^ educational establish- 
ment, boarding-school. 

konwisalirsM " pewterer's. -rz "J 
tinfounder, pewterer. 

konwli6j ^ 'escort, convoy. m>o]o° 
wac , to escort, convoy. 

konwokacya ^ convocation. 

konwulsylla ^, convulsion, •jny? 
convulsive. [scores. 

kopa ^, three-score; ~. mi, by three- 

kopac '*^^ to dig, delve. 

kopallc, kopnac ^f (nogaj to kick, 
*CZ "^ digger. 

kopal 1? copal. 

kopalnljia \ mine; *.ia srebrof 
silver -mine; -*.ia zlota, gold- 
mine, •'ictwo^' science of mining, 
-y « fossil. 

kopanica*", canal; ditch- 

kopauie ^ digging. 



kopanka 



KOrzenny 



81 



kopanka, vid. niecka. 
kopciii'c^'/^ to smoke; to get sooty, 

tarnish by smoking; (fajke) to 

smoke, •-ucll "^ grimy fellow. 

-dym '^ slovenly cook ; smoker, 
kopczyzna ^, the sixteenth portion 

of the produce given to the 

ploughers. 

kopec ^ smoke, soot, 
koper'^ fhotj dill ; (wloski) fennel. 
koperczaM i>l., compliments pi. 
kopersztych "^ engraving (on pla- 
te), copperplate. 

koperta ^, (UstuJ envelope ; watch- 
koperwas ^ vitriol. [case, 

kopilla^, copy; spear, lance; Icru- 

szyc -62 A;m, to enter the lists 

against one. •jnik ^ spearman, 

lancer. 
kopiec '^ boundary-hill; barrow, 
kopiejka^, kopek. [knoll, 

kopiowac ""^ to copy. 
kopnilac, db. kopac. -.i^cie ^ kick, 
kopny*"^ Co zhozuj abundant, pro- 
kopr, vid, koper. [ductive. 

koprowllina ^, coppers pi., copper 

coin ; copper, •-y ^ copper, cop- 
kopula^, cupola, dome. [pery. 
kopyllciasty f hoofed, --tkowe "", 

turnpike-toll (for draught-cattle). 

^-to 7 hoof; (sztwskiej last. ^-tO- 

wy ^ hoof-shaped. 
kopy!!sc, *stka^, pot-ladle, 
kopytnik '^ hazel-wort. 
iora^, rind, bark. 
korab' "5 ship; Noah's ark. 
koral i; coral. «e ph, string of 

corals, -.owy ? coral, coralline, 
kbran i; Coran. 

korba^, crank, winch, crooked 
korbal, vid. dynia. [handle, 

korbacz "IJ leather-whip. 
korcic ^*^ to vex, irk. 
kordl? sabre, -elas"^ ^w^J^^ banger, 

cutlass. 

kordon ^ (mil.) cordon, 
kordyalllny " cordial, affectionate. 

*»i '^ cordial, cardiac, 
korek "^ cork, stopper, 
korektila ^, correction (of the press). 
^z^6 poUkO'angielska, 



*.or ^ corrector- (of the press)^ 
proof-reader. 

korespondljencya ^, correspon- 
dency, •.ent '? correspondent, 
-^owac ""V" to correspond (with). 

korkowy ^ corky, cork . . . ; drzt' 
wo korkowe, cork-wood. 

kornak ^ bear-leader. 

kornet "^ (muz.) comet. 

korniiie "? humbly, -.y f humble. 

korona \ crown ; coronet ; (z kwia- 
iowj wreath; (lot.J corol(la). 
•-cya ^, coronation. •'Cyjny f 
coronation . . . •rt "^ crowned head, 
monarch. [sian Poland). 

koroniarz "^ Pole (native of Rus- 

koronklla ^, rosary, chaplet of 
beads; ^u sukienj lace, -arz "^ 
lace-maker.. *owy f lace . . . 

koronllny ^ crown . . . , of the 
crown; zioto -.ne, gold of eigh- 
teen carats. «>owac ""f to crown. 
•'-' Sif ^r to be crowned. 

korowaj "^ wedding-cake. 

korow6d'^ procession; ^zpochod^ 
niami, torch-light procession. 

korowodyi'2., formalities j?l., cere- 
monies pi. 

korporat "^ corporal. 

korpulls "^ fmilj army-corps ; body 
(of troops); -^s kadetdw, cade^ 
company; --s oficerdw, body of 
officers, -vsny, -►sowy? of army- 
corps. 

korsajlrski ? piratical, -rstwo " 
piracy, -•-rz ^ corsair, pirate. 

kortyna ^, curtain ; (fort.) middle 

korweta^, corvette. [rampart. 

korytarz '^ corridor, passage. 

korytllko "J small trough. m,Q 7 
trough; (rzekij bed, channel. 

korzec "^ bushel. 

korzeiln "^ root ft J fig J; --nie 
wonne, spices pi , aromatics; •.nie 
puszczac, to take root, '^nia- 
sty ? rooty, •-nic si§ ^f to take 
root. •ni6wka ^, fbot.) mono- 
tropa. •-niowy f radical, prin- 
cipal. A-nnik ™ grocer, spicer. 
'•-nny ? aromatic, spicy; of spices. 

6 



S2 korzonek 

korzonek ^ radicle. 

korzyc ^^ to humble. « si§ ^f to 
humble oneself. 

korzylisc ^, advantage, profit, 
~stac ^^ ^2 czegoj to have the 
advantage of, to profit from (by). 
•-stnosc ^, advantageousness. 
•^stny " advantageous, profitable. 

kos ^ fomj blackbird. 

kosa^, scythe; curl, ringlets 

kosaciec "? ^6o^^ flower-de-luce. 

kosarz '^ mower; /'zoj father- 

kosba^, mowing. ("long-legs. 

kos||c<i bone; ffigj -.p niezgody, 
apple of discord; *.c sloniowa, 
ivory, --ciany *? bony, made of 
bone. •'Ciec, Kostniec *^? to os- 
sify ; become torpid, get numbed. 

kosciilelny ^ church . . . , eccle- 
siastic(al}. *.elny '^ sexton, sa- 
cristan. •.61'^ church. *.otek "IJ 
Bmall church. [bony. 

koscillotrup ^J skeleton, -.sty Y 

kosillarz ™ mower, •-c '''^ to mow. 
«*dio "I handle of a scythe. *.sko "J 
deformed scythe; handle of a 
scythe, ••sty " crooked, in the 
shape of a scythe ; woz — , hooked 
chariot. 

koslawllic "^^ to crook, curve; 
{trzewikj to tread down. *»iec '*^V' 
to become bandy-legged, •.y ^ 
obliquCj wry; bandy-legged. 

kosmacillc '^^ to make shagged, 
ragged. •<ec^^to become shagged. 
*.zna^, shaggedness; furriery. 

kosmacz '^ a kind of sheat-fish. 
•►ek "^ fbot.J hawk-weed. 

kosmatllka ^, rough wheat, -.y f 
nappy, hirsute. 

kosmogoniila^, cosmogony.*.czny^ 
cosmogonic(al). 

kosmoljgrafia ^, cosmography.-.lo- 
gia^, cosmology, -vpolita ^ cos- 
mopolite, •'polltyczny ^ cosmo- 
politan. *-polityzin'; cosmopoli- 

kosmyk ^ curl, ringlet. [tism. 

kosnica,kostiiica ^, charnel-house, 
dead- house; ossuary. 

kosodrzewina ^, knee-timber. 



koszykarz 

kosooH f squint-eyed. 

kosterlia "5 dicer. -.sM f dicer's, 
-stwo "? gaming at dice, dicing. 

kostklla ^, ^u refti; knuckle ; (unogi) 
hucklebone, ankle; (do graniaj 
die; fo materyij w *.!, checked, 
chequered. '*>0W2inyf fo materyij 
checked. 

kostnica^, vid. ko^nica. 

kostniellc, vid. koiciec. •.nie ^ os- 
sification. 

kostrzewa^", fhotj fescue-grass. 

kostur, vid. kosztur. 

kosy " falcate; crooked. 

kosynier "^ soldier armed with 
a scythe. 

kosz'? basket, crate; fna lieliznej 
buck-basket; fszancowyj gabion; 
(masztowy) crow's nest, mast- 
head ; (fig.) osiasc na •-u, to meet 
with a refusal ; to be in a scrape. 

koszalka ^, rush-basket; fplescj 
A;o5zaifci opaifcf, stufFand nonsense. 

koszarlla *", pen, pinfold, -^y pl.^ 
barracks. f^mouse. 

koszatka^, loir; fzo.J large dor- 

koszenie ^ mowing. 

koszer ™ pure meat (among the 
Jews). *,ne ^ money paid for 
cleaning (according to the Jewish 
rite). -*,ny f clean according to 
the Jewish rite. 

koszlawic, vid. koslawic. 

koszowy , basket . . . 

koszt'^ expense; •.a i^odroiy, tra- 
velling-expenses; *,a sadowe, law- 
charges. 

kosztowllac'"?^ to cost, stand in, 
bear a price; taste; co kosztuje? 
how much? •-nie'^''? expensively, 
'^nosci pl-i valuables pi. *.ny ^ 
costly, precious. 

kosztur "^ leaning-staflf; fzoj cul- 
trate cyprinus. 

koszullla ^, shirt; (kohieca) shift, 
chemise. *.ka^, chemise for a child. 

koszyk '^ basket, hamper; « z 
robota, work-basket, -varstwo ^ 
basketry, basket-making, -^arz'? 
basket-maker. 



kot 

kot 'J (zoj cat ; maie-cat , tqm**^ 
cat; (u myiliwych) hare. 

kotara^, (bed-)ciirtain; 

kotek " pussy-cat, kitten. 

kotew*, vid. kotwica. 

kotka<; kitten; (T>ot.J katkln. 

kotlallrczyk T coppersmith's ap- 
prentice, ^rka ^, coppersmith's 
wife; braziery. ^rski f copper- 
Bmith's.^ •'rstwo 7 braziery. ^rz "^ 
coppershiith, brazier. 

kotlet "^ cutlet. 

kotllna^, fife-place; kettle-hole; 
f^zajacaj- form. 

kotly pi., kettledrum. 

kotna f pregnant, with young. 

kotwilica ^y ancDor. •.czne ^ anch- 
orage(-duty). •czny f anchor . . . ; 
Una ^czna, cable. 

kowac, vid. ku6. [anvil. 

kowadljelko " ("w uchuj incus. -*to^ 

kowal™ smith; farrier; hammer- 
smith; Czo.J silver-fish, -czyk'^ 
journeyman smith. <*'icna ^, 
smith's wife, -.ik " Com.J spider- 
catcher, -ka ^, smith's 'Wife; 
smith's trade. -nia *i forge, smithy, 
•-ski f smith's. «'8tW0 ^ smith's 

kowanie, vid. kude. [trade. 

koza *■, goat, she-goat; </igr.> prison, 
jail; (dzikaj chamois; bag-pipe. 

kozallcki ? Cossack's ; po kozacku, 
thoughtlessly, frivolously. *.czek ^ 
horse-boy, groom, •-k'^ Cossack; 
Cossack's dance; C^ot.) boletus; 
to -.k, he is a frivolous person. 

kozerlla ^, {vo kartach) trump.^-ny " 
of trumps, trump . . . ^owac '^^ 
to trump. 

kozi ? goat's, goat . . . ; (botj *a 
brddka, goat's beard ; - »er, goat- 
cheese. 

kozillarka ^, goatherd'^ wife, 
•amia *", pen for goatsi '»arz '^ 
goatherd, -^brbd igkowy, fbotj 
goat's beard. *ca ^, plough-handle. 
*'ei'^ (zo.J he-goat; coach-box; 
(narz^dzie) trestle; somersault. 
kozty pl-t sawing - block , jack ; 



kraik 



83 



roof-spar, rafter, -etek, •otek'!; 
kid ; somersault. «.iia \ goat's 

kozik 1? weeding-knife. [flesh. 

kOZiot, vid. kotiei, «rkowaC ^f 
to make somersaults, 

koziollnogi ? having the feet of 
a goat, ^roiec'^ Czo.J ihex, stone- 
buck; (a$tr.J Capricorn. 

k6zka^, small goat; fryha) suck- 

Kozlak " (hot.) boletus. [stone. 

kozlallrka, '^XZ, vid. koziarka, ko- 
ziarz. 

kozl||%tko, ^^ ^ Czo.J kid. '^^cina ^, 
kid (meat), •^cy ^ kid's ; *.§ca 
skdra, kidskin. ^i f goatish, -ic 
si? ^r to kid. 

koztowliac ^V' to be frisky, frolic, 
•-y f buck's; ^^a skdrka^ buck- 
skin. [•'Pas '^ goatherd. 

kozo||d6j *? (orn.J goat- sucker. 

kozubek ^^ small basket made of 
bark. 

koznch"? sheepskin fur; skin (on 
milk), •.owac ^^(drzewaj to graft. 
-^OWiec '^ fur-moth. 

kozula ^, angling-line with several 
fishing-hooks. 

kozuszek "^ small sheepskin fur; 
skin (on milk). 

kpac ^? to chide, scold. ^ 

kpiarz '^ scoffer, mocker. 

kpillc "^ (z kogoj to jeer at one. 
*'Ca^, foolish woman, -.nki j>i., 
-ny pi; mockery, scoff ; -- • z kogo 
rdhiCy to make a fool of a person. 
«^sko \ great fool. 

kra^, flake of ice. 

krab "IJ fzo.J crab. [quered. 

kraciasty f^ grated, latticed ; che- 

kradzillez ^, theft, robbery. *oiiy? 
stolen; secret, concealed. 

kr%g "^ circle ; faatr.J orbtt ; (wosku) 
cake ; disk ; vid. pi. : kr^gL «'lak 'I 
piece of fir -timber or round- 
wood. *lica^, top, gig. •-io "? 
roundly, •iy ^ round. 

krallina^", region, country; (fig.) 

province, sphere, -^jlj country; 

border, extremity, outskirts pi, 

•-ik 'y small country ; petty state. 

6* 



64 



kraja6 



krajllac ^^ to cut ; carve ; (fig. n. p. 
sercej to pierce, -^anka^, cow- 
cheese (in chape of small bricks). 

faaicar ",' kreuzer. 

kraiczllostwo "i office of trencher- 
knight, ^.y "^ trencher- knight. 
--yna ^, trencher-knight's lady. 

kraika^, selvage, broder. 

]£ra]obraz '" landscape. 

krajopis '" chorographer; choro- 
graphy. -^arstwo "l chorography. 

krajowiliec %' native. *».y ^ native, 
home-grown. 

krakac ^f to croak. 

kralka^, fw kartachj ten. 

kram ^ shop, retail-shop. *.arka ^, 
tradeswoman, ^-arski" retailer's 
••arz ™ shop - keeper , retailer. 
-•-arzyc ^? to carry on a trade. 
•"^ si§ ^r to quarrel, dispute. 
-ik "^ small shop, *nyf shoppy. 

kraniec'^ extremity, brink, border. 

krasa ^i beauty, grace, ^-wica ^, 
beauty, beautiful woman. 

krasc ^^ to steal. 

krasic^^ to fatten ; Cfig J to adorn; 
colour (especially red). 

kraska^, (omj jay. 

krasny ? beautiful. 

3a:asny ^ fat. 

krasomdwiica "^ declaimer, fine 
speaker, -•-ski "' declamatory; 
rhetorical, -.stwo ^ eloquence ; 
rhetoric. 

kratila^, grate, trellis, lattice; (w 
materyij chequer ; (materyaj w •^y, 
chequered, •-ka^, small grate; 
fw materyij chequer. -*ki pi., (sa- 
dowej bar. •^kowac^^to chequer. 

krawalnica *", cutting-out board 
of the shoemaker. 

krawata ^, neck-tie, cravat, stock. 

kraw!!cowa ^, tailoress, dress- 
maker. «*czyk '^ journeyman 
tailor, •-iec "^ tailor, •.iecki ^ 
tailor's, •.iectwo "J •'iecczyzna ^, 
trade of a tailor, tailor's business. 

krawedz 'j edge, brim, border. 

krailiek "^ round slice; small cir- 
cle; disk. *.eilie ^ circulation i 



kretes 

fpo morzuj cruise, -yc ^ to 
circulate; cruise; Ckolo czegoj to 
hover about. [ling. 

kreatura^, creature; ("fig. J hire- 

krellcenie " turning ; prevarication. 
•'Cic ^'^V' *o turn, twist; CfigJ to 
prevaricate ; — glowa^ to shake 
one's head. *cic sie "^f to bustle 
about ; fo co lub za ^czemj to look 
out or cast about for a thing; to 
writhe; m^oX mi sie'w oczach, I fee! 
giddy, ^cicki "^'^cicka*; busy- 
body. -*cidlo " fly-wheel. -*.ciel- 
Stwo 7 bubble, prevarication. 
-'Cony f twisted, tortive ; «'COiie 
schody, winding -stairs. 

kreci, vid. kretowy. 

kredlla^, chalk. -^owac'^f to chalk 

kredenilcerz ^ servant taking 
charge of plate; butler. -*s '^ 
buffet, sideboard. 

kredyt '^ credit, trust, •-or'^ cre- 
ditor, -.owac ^f to credit; sell 
on credit, •-owy " list -owy. 
letter of credit. 

kredziailny ^ chalky, -.sty ^ chalk- 
like, cretaceous. [ding, curve. 

"kregipl; (anat.J nape, neck; win- 

krfgiel ™ nine-pin, pin. *iiisv<; 
nine-pin alley. [crape : . . 

kreplla <; crape, -.owy f crapy, 

krepa^, hat-brim. 

krfpllowac '"^ to tie, bind; gag. 

. -^ulec '^ packing-stick, cudgel. 

krepy ^ dumpy, thick and short. 

kres '^ limit, end; ~ polozyc, to 
put a stop to, make an end of. 

kreslla^, dash, line; slash, scar, 
*<ka ^, dash, line ; (gram. J comma . 
(kolejj turn; (glosj vote, suf- 
frage; na ciebie *.ka, it is your 
turn, '^'kowac '"'^V' to accent, 
accentuate; vote. *'kowanie » 
accentuation ; voting. 

kreslic ^? to draw lines; trace; 
delineate; erase, cross. 

kret ^ fzo J mole. 

krftanina^, running to and fro; 
subterfuges pi. 

kretes™ z •-em, from top to bottom 



kr^to 

kr^tllo <*? winding, serpentining. 
-'Odzi6b'^ /^o?'njavocet.-w0gt6w'^ 
fornj wry-neck. *.0SC *", curvity, 
crookedness, tortuosity, •.y ^ 
curved, crooked, tortuous. 

kreto!imysz "^ (zoj shrew-mouse, 
-wiua ^; ^wisko "J mole -hill. 
<*wy " mole . . 

krew^, blood; race, line; zimna ^, 
(fig J coolness, cold blood; i>u- 
szczac ~, to bleed, let blood. 

krewic ^" to be guilty of, to per- 
petrate. 

krewienstwo , vid, pdkrewienstwo. 

krewkili ^ frail, infirm, --osc ^, 
frailty. 

krewuila ^, relation, kinswoman, 
•^iak, '»'liy '^ relation, kinsman. 
•'OSC*', consanguinity, m-yf con- 
sangumeous. •-y ^ relation, kins- 

kreza, vid. Jcryza. [man. 

krezel ^ upper-part of the distaff. 

krnabrn!iie**?obstinately,refracto- 
rily". -vosc*", obstinacy, refracto- 
riness, •.y ^ obstinate, stubborn. 

kroblieczka, ^-ka ^, vessel of bark. 

"krocoium., times; trzy ~, three ti- 

krocie pi., thousands pi. [mes. 

kl'OChmal'^ starch (-meal), starch- 
flour, •'enie " starching. *.ic '^^ 
to starch, clear-starch. *.ik ^ 
Prussian blue. *.ny ^ starched, 
clear-starched ; stiff. 

krdc'iej "? comp. od krdtko. *.ic ^'^ 
to shorten. -*.iuchno **? as short 
as possible. 

kl*6cica, vld. hrudca. 

krocien "^ fhotj croton 

krocz '^ ambling -pace, •-yc ^" 
to step, walk gravely. 

krogulllczy " of sparrow - hawk, 
♦^ec '^ Corn ) sparrow-hawt. 

kriloic ^" to cut, cut out. •.61 "^ 
cut, make. 

krok '^ step, stalk, pace; (fig ) 
step; arch of the pubis; ^ za 
•-iem, step by step ; uczynic pie- 
rwsze *.i, to take the initiative. 
•'Owy ? Aoie --owa, pubic bone. 

joroklliew "5 -iewka, •'Wa <i rafter. 



kr6tko 



65 



roof-spar; CfigJ -iewki mu nie 

dostaje, to be crack-brained, 
krokodyl '^ fzoj crocodile, 
krokosz"^ (botj safflower, bastard 
kroksztyny pi., corbel, [saffron, 
krol ",' king; wynieU na *.a, to 

king, '^estwo "I kingdom, realm ; 

kingship, royalty; .^estwo nicbie- 

skie, kingdom of heaven; ^estwc 

zw'erzat, animal kingdom. *.e- 

wicz , king's son ; Prince Royal. 

•-ewiczowski ^ of Prince Royal. 
kr61ew;;na ^, Princess Royal ; king's 

daughter. <».ski " kingly, royal, 

regal. *.skosc ^, royalty, kingship. 

•-szczyzna *", (ancient) demesne, 

royal domain, 
krolillczy ? rabbit ... *k '^ fzoj 

rabbit. *.karnia^, rabbit-warren. 
kr61ob6ji!ca '^ regicide, -.czy ? 

regicide's, •.stwo ^ regicide. 
kr61owa *", queen. *.c ^^ to reign. 

~nie "", reign. 
krom ^^^ except, but. 
kromka^, CchlehaJ crumb\ 
kronika ^, chronicle. *-rski f an- 

nulistic. <*rstwo ^ ann.\ls pi. 

*.rz ^ chronicler, 
kropelka*^ droplet, 
kropillc^"?^ to drop, drip ; sprinkle ; 

cudgle; Co deszczuj -», it is spit-. 

ting with rain, -.dio " asper- 

gillum, holy-water sprinkler, -.el- 

nica \ holy-water font. *.enie " 

dropping, dripping; sprinkling, 
kropkii'a \ Cg'ram. & typ.J point ; dot, 

point, •-owac ''" to point; dot, 

stipple, -.owanie " pointing; 

dotting. *owany, ••owaty f 

dotty, spott. 
kropilla ^, drop. *'isty fin (sliape 

of) big drops. [a stroke. 

kropnac ^f" to dip (down) ; give 
krosllienka pi., embroidering-fra- 

me. '*>n2i.pl., weaver's frame, loom. 
krostl!a*i blister, pimple; Cczerwo- 

nej m,y purples pi., miliary fever. 

•'awiec'^^,* to have the small-pox. 
kr6tk||if short; curt, brief. <wO«p 

shortly, briefly; <*o mdiviaCf to 



66 krotkonogi 

cut the matter short. •'Onogri ^ 
short-legged. *'OSC^, shortness; 
w *'OSCi, briefly, succinctly. 
«*0szyi , short -necked, •-o- 
trwaiy f short-dated ; transient, 
passing, -.owidz '^ myope. -.0- 
widzacy f near - sighted , half- 
sighte^l ; CfigJ short-sighted, nar- 
row-minded. 

larotollchwila , -"fila ^, pastTme, 
joke ;^<e.> farce, ^-filnosc*', sport- 
fulness, sportiveness. •'filny " 
sportive, jocose. 

krowlla ^, fzo.J cow; ffigj loose 
woman, -.i f cow's, cow . . . ^^ian- 
ka ^, bovine lymph, -.iarka^* 
•"iarz^ cow-herd, •'iarnia ^, cow- 
house, -'ieniec '^ cow-dung. 

kr6wka f^ small cow ; pretty cow ; 

krszta^, little bit. [muck-worm. 

krszyc '^f to crumble, crumb. 
-*> si§ ^r to crumble. 

krtan^, wind-pipe. 

kmchllo ^^ tenderly, softly; ^figj 
m.0 z nim, he is in declining cir- 
cumstances; his health is de- 
clining.*»osc^, tenderness; mellow- 
ness; frailty, weakness. »y ^ 
tender ; mellow ; frail, weak. ; 

kmchta ^« church-porch. 

kmcica^, pocket-pistol. fciflx. 

krucyllata^, crusade, •.flks",' cru- 

kniczellc^^^w IrzuchuJ to grumble. 
•"llie " fiv brzuchuj grumble. 

kruczHek'^ crotchet; /^/ij/.>' chicane, 
lawyer's trick; ^zo.> small raven. 
«*ki pL, boot-hook. 

kmllczy ? raven . . . ; raven-black. 
«.k '^ (orn.) raven. 

kruplla \ fci:dciejj ^ypl.jgrontspl., 
barley; *.y jeczmienne, peeled 
barley; m,y pertotve, pearl-barley. 
•-iarz^ dealer in groats. *.iasty f 
rough-ground, in shape of groats. 
i.ic ^^f rough-grind. -.kii>i., vid. 
Icrupy. -.nik '^ soup (made) of 
peeled barley; kind of punch, 
•-ny " -na baha, (female) dealer 
in groats. [■*.ec "^ metal; brass. 

'trii87l!no'wy " metal..., brazen. 



kryt 

kmszllec^t* to crumble; to become 
tender, --yc/^^ to crumb; fpptaj 
to cast ott'; .crush. 

kruszyna^, small bit. [ristyle, 

kruzganek ^ porch, portico; pe- 

krwawllic ^^ to bloody, blood.; 
--nica ^, ("botj willow - wort,' 
lythrum. •.nice pi, hemorrhoidal 
tumor, -^nik ",' fbotj milfoU, 
common yarrow; fmin.J blood- 
stone. *.o "? bloodily; m.Q pracO' 
wac, to labour tooth and nail. 
-"OSOk "^ dragon's-blood, -.y ^^ 
bloody; sanguine, blood-red. 

krwioilnosny ^ sanguiferous; 
^-nosne naczynie, blood - vessel. 
-'Zerca'^ bloody tyrant. *,zerczyf 
sanguinary, bloodthirsty. 

krwistilosc ^, sanguineness. -y *f 
full-blooded, sanguineous, pletho- 

krwotok '^ hemorrhage. [ric. 

kryllc ^" to conceal, hide; keep 
in secret. *c sif ^f to be in hi- 
ding ; (przedj to abscond from . . . ; 
fz czemj to keep (a thing) secret 
or close, .^cie ^ concealment, 
hiding; fdomuj roof, -.cie sif 7 
absconding. [up. 

krygowac si§ ^f to trick oneself 

kryjomilie, -"O ^^ secretly, clan- 
destinely . •.y ^secret, clandestine. 

kryjowka^, hiding-place. 

kryminali'l '^ capital crime; jail, 
prison, •.lista'^ criminalist; cri- 
minal. •'Iny f criminal; capital. 

krymka^, cap (of the Jews). 

kryniltca ^, source, spring, wel^ 
spring, -.czny ^ spring . . . 

krypa^, boat, skiff. 

krypt ^ cavern. 

kryska, vid. kreska. 

krystalizWSiCySLtVid.krysztaiowanie, 
-'OWaC, vid. krysJatowac. 

krysztalli ™ crystal; -*! gorsk^ 
rock-crystal, '"iy pi-, crystal- 
glass, crystal-ware. •-Iny ^ crys- 
talline. *.towac ^" -*. 6i§ '"X 
to crystallise, •-lowanie " crystal- 
lisation, -towy " crystal. 

kryt '^ roof. 



krytoplciowy 

krsrtjiopiciowy ^ cryptogamlan. 
•y ^ covered. 

krytyllcznosc ^, criUcalness. 

-•czny f critical. m,\ "i; critic. 
»>'kSk\ critique, criticism. /*ko- 
wac '"^ to criticise. . . 

kryza^, ruflf. [calfs tripe. 

kryzki pi., mesentery; ~ cielfce, 

kryzyss crisis. 

krzallczek \ small bush, shrub. 
^czasto **? bushily. -.czysty ^ 
bushy. *k 'J bush, shrub. «.ki i>l., 
thicket, bushes pt. ; «*kr(5zy, rose- 
bush. 

krzakajlc ^^ to hawk, hem; fo 
awinij to grnnt. <«nie ^ hawking ; 
^0 iwinij grunting. 

krzatallc 8i§ T to stir, be stirring; 
be busy, -.nina ^, activity, bustle. 

krzek " C^ali) frog-spawn. 

krzektac ^^ to shriek (like a pie). 

krzemllien '^ flint ; pebble, pebble- 
stone, •'ienisty , silicious. •»!- 
onkas silicious earth, •yk '^ 
flint. 

krzepllic ""^ to comfort, refresh. 
•"ic 8i§ "^X to refresh oneself 
'^ki ^ stout, sprightly. <»'k0SC^, 
stoutness, sprightliness. 

krzepnac ^? to coagulate, curdle. 

krzesllac ^^ (ogienj to strike; 
fdrzewaj to prune. A^anie " 
CdrzewJ pruning. *iwO, *iwko ^ 
tinder(-box); lock of a gun. 

krzeslleiko ^ chair. *,to "J chair 
(seat and dignity); ^<e.;stall(sjDZ.). 

krzew " bush, shrub, -.ic ^" 
•-ic sif ^r to spread, propagate 
^<ei /i^ J. •.iciel "^ propagator, -wie- 
nie " propagation (^<ez /i^.^. •.ina ^, 
bushes, underwood. •'isty " 
shrubby, arbuscular. 

krzta, vid. krszta. [wrong way. 

krztnsic 8i§ '^f to swallow the 

krzyllczacy ^ crying; fo kolorach) 
glaringj^ loud. «'CZec, '«'knac '"'V' 
to cry, shriek. -*k '^ cry. -.ki pi., 
Bhriek, cry, bawling, -.kac ^? 
to cry out. *.kacz, -kaia "^ baw- 



krzyzowy BT 

ler, crier, ^'kliwosc ^. clamorous- 
ness. *.kliwy ^ clamoroud, braw- 
ling. «.k]iac ^ (na kogoj to call 
to, cry to.*" 

krzyna, vid. fcrwto. 

krzjTw ^ guilty. 

krzjrwllda^, injury,, wrong; harm, 

•^Z%cy f^ injuring; dishonouring. 
A'dlic '^^ to harm, hurt, injure, 
A'dziclel '^ injurer, hurter. 

krz;Fwi||c ^" to curve, bend, crook, 
•C sif ^r to bow, bend; (fig.) 
na CO, to be dissatisfied wittk 
'^zna^t crookedness. 

krzjrw^O ^ crookedly, obliquely, 
askew; unwillingly. *nogi * 
bandy-legged. «'nos ™ crook- 

- nosed; Corn.) cross-beak, •oki * 
squinty, squint-eyed, •.sc ^, curvi- 
ty, crookedness, wrynesa. <^iisty * 
wry-mouthed, splay-mouthed. 

krz3rwoprzysi§l'ga<5,krzywoprzy- 
siadz , to forswear, perjure 
oneself, -stwo 7 perjury. -»4ca *J 
perjurer, -zki *f perjured, for- 
sworn. 

krzywllulec ^J crooked timber, 
compass-timber.«.y ^not straight, 
oblique, wry; (fig.) bad, unjust; 
unfavorable; •.em okiem patrzeS 
na kogo, to look at a person with 
an envious eye. 

krzyi "^ cross; Cfig.J cross, cala- 
mity; lower part of the back; 
Cznak orderowyj cross ; na ~, cross- 
wise ; 1>61 w '«'ach, lumbago, pain 
in the loins, •-acki^ crusader's; 
wojny i^^ackie, crusades pi. •-ak^ 
crusader; (zoj cross-spider, •-o- 
wac ""f to crucify ; fzamiaryj to 
cross. •.-. sig ^X to cross, cross 
one another, cut each other; 
(iig.J to contradict oneself, •-o- 
wanie sif^ crossing; ^rcw^cross- 
breding, cross, •-bwka^, (mipDo 
z krzyzaj surloin, loin. *OWlli- 
ea *", fw oknachj cross-bars ; (hot.^ 
milk- wort, ••ownik " crucifier; 
crusader, •owy f cross . . . ; «'Owe 
dnt, cross-week days, Rogatioa* 



88 krzyzyk 

Week ; *'OWa rolota, cross-stitch ; 
••owe wojny, crusades pi. •.yk "^ 
crosslet; (muzj sharp; (iig.J cala- 
mJiy, cross; period of ten years. 

ksiadz "^ clergyman, priest. 

ksiazllatko 'J prince'kin. •,§ "^ 
prince^ -^§cy "princely^ po ~ece- 
mu, like a prince. 

ksiazlleczka \ booklet, small book. 
•*kk^, book. *.kowy 'J^ bookish ; 
-*< ""-owiek, bookman, •^nica*', 
library. 

ksiega ', (big) book; register; 
^Kandlowa, book-account; ~ hi- 
poteczna, register of mortgages; 
~, koScielna, parish -register. *.r- 
czyk"^ bookseller's clerk, -wmia^, 
bookseller's shop, •-rski f book- 
seller's, '•-rstwo "J bookselling, 
bookseller's trade, •.rz "^ book- 
seller; •.rz wh'czny, itinerant book- 
seller, -^rzowa ^, bookseller's wife, 
-rzowy ^ bookseller's. 

ksiegollwy " of books, bookish, 
-^zbidr ™ library, collection of 
books. 

ksieni^, abbess, prioress. 

ksieniec '^ stomach of animals. 

ksifilstwo "J principality; princely 
dignity ; prince and prince's lady. 
'^'Zna ^, princess ; wielka . ^-zna, 
grand-duchess. — zniczka ^, prin- 
ce's daughter. 

ksi^zllulek '^ CpieszczoiUwiaJ dear 
clergyman. *»y ^ clergyman's, 
priestly. 

ksifzyllc ^ moon, -cowaty f 
moon-shaped, -.cowy f lunar. 
^-czek ^ small moon. 

k'sobie '^^ (u furmanow) to the left. 

ksyk'^ -^anie ^ Cgesi etc.) hiss, hiss- 
ing, •-ac ^? to hiss. 

isztaicllenie "J formation; edu- 
cation, training. *.ic ^^ to form ; 
educate, •-ic sie ^f to improve 
one's mind. . 

ksztatt '^ form, shape, •-nosc^, 
shapeliness, -^ny ^ shapely, well- 
shaped, --owac, vid, ksataidii 



kuglarz 

kszyk"? hissing; ^om.y jack-snipe. 

kto ^^ who ; somebody ; he who. 
«-badz, '•'kolwiek ^^,^ whoever. 

ktoredy ^f which way. >*>s "^ I 
do iiot know where. m,i af well, 
which way? 

kt6ry ^T*^ which, who; what, 
'•'kolwiek ^'"f whichever. <*s^*T 
some; some one. «*z ^T ^^^^ 
(then)? 

ktos ^^ some one, somebody. 

ktoz ^^ who (then) ? 

ku P'^, fo czasiej about; fo kieruti'* 
Tiu i zamiarzej towards. 

kubeba^, flot.J cubeb. 

kubek '^ cup, goblet. 

kubel, vid. chlew. 

kubet ™ bucket, tub. 

kubiczny ^ cubic. 

kubrak "^ smock-frock (for men)'. 

kuc "^ pony; (fig. J pigmy. 

kuc '"^ to forge, hammer ; CkoniaJ 
to shoe; Cfig.) to frame, concoct. 

kuch ^ oil-cake. 

kuchallrka \ (female) cook, cook- 
maid. *.rski" culinary; cookish. 
-•-rstwo "J cookery, culinary art. 
'*'rz "^ cook. *.rzowa ^^ cook's 
wife, -^rzyc'^^f to be cook; cook. 

kuchllcik "; kitchen-boy. -.enka^, 
small kitchen. *.enny?^ kitchen... 
^'inistrz "^ master-cook, head- 
cook, -^nia^, kitchen, •ta, vid. 
kuchcik. 

kucie " fkonij shoeing. 

kucnac ^^ to cower. 

kucylc "5 pony. 

kuczlla, -^ka^, tabernacle. '^Mpl.j 
feast of the tabernacles; w -.ki 
uaiaSc, to cower, squat together. 
-*nac, -"yc ^^ vid. kucnac. 

kuczbaja^, baise. 

kuczyc ^V' to cower, sit. 

kudlilaty ^ hirsute, shaggy-haired, 
^y pl.f tufts of long hair. 

knf]!a^, vat, tub. -.el™ pi^t- 

kufer, •-ek "^ box, trunk, coffer. 
-vBCzek, -"Sk ^ travelling-bag. 

kuglallrski ^ juggling, -rstwo ^ 
juggle, jugglery. «.rz "l? juggler, 



kuka6 

knkallc ^^ to cry like a cuckoo, 
•.nie ^ cuckoo - note. -*.wka *", 
(om.J cuckoo; (hot.) cuckoo- 
flower. 

kukielka^, roll, small loaf. 



kuroploch 



'ac 



to 



'ka ^, 



kuks '^ hunch, cuflf. 
cuflf, hunch, thump. 

knknillczy ^ cuckoo . . . 
(orn.J cuckoo. 

kukurydza *i maize, Indian corn. 

kuia \ ball, ballet; (u aiodlaj 
pommel ; (kijj leaning-stafi. •.c '^f 
to roll, -.c Sie ^f to roll, roll 
along. A.S "^ limper. *wo <^? 
limpingly. -vwosc ^, lameness, 
•-wy " limping, lame. 

knlak 'i; fist; thump, cuflf. 

kulbailczyc ^f to saddle. *»ka^, 
saddle. 

iulczyba*^ Cmed.J voraic nut. j 

kulellc ^',* to limp, halt, hobble, 
-nie "J hobble. 

kulfon " blockhead; bad ducat. 

kulic ^^ -. si§ ^r to cower, squat. 

kulig "^ (om.) sea-gull ; carnival- 
amusement. 

kulistjlo «p spherically, •-osc*', 
spherical ness , sphericity, •-y « 
8pheric(al). 

knlka^; globule; small ball. 

kulszlle i^r, hip-bone, ^^owy ^ 
— bdly sciatic pains. 

kum "^ godfather, gossip, -.a, 
^-oszka ^, godmother, gossip. 
••ac Big '*^f ^2 /ciTn^ to fraternize 
with one. -.ostwo "i godfather- 

. ship, godmothership. 

kumys ™ mare's milk. 

kana^, fzo.J marten. 

kundel '^ shepherd's dog. 

kunszt "", art. -.mistrz '? artist. 
••Owny ^ artful, ingenious. 

kupa ^, heap, pile ; fpieni^dzyj great 
deal, hoard; fludzij multitude, 
band; *.ini| in heaps; in crowds. 

kupllcowa ^, tradeswoman ; mer- 
chant's wife.».c6wna ^, merchant's 
daughter, •-czenie " trading. 
«*czyc ^V to trade, traflfic, carry on 
trade, •-czyk '^ commercial clerk. 



89 



kuper "^ rump. 

kupic ^f to lay in a heap, to heap. 

kupllic, •'Ov/ac ^^ to buy. -.iec '^ 
merchant, tradesman, ••iecki " 
merchantlike; commercial, •-ie- 
Ctwo ^ commercial business. 

kupka *", small heap ; ~ aiana, hay- 
cock. 

kupler ^' pander, pimp. -Vq^ 



procuress, bawd. *.owac 



to 



couple, pimp, -^ski " panderly, 
pimp -like. *.stW0 "J match- 
making, pimping. 

kupnli'O purchase, •.y ^ purchas* 
able, by purchase; saleable. 

knpon '^^ coupon, check. 

kupowac, vid. kupic. 

kuprzastlly ^ koic -,a, coccyx. 

kur "i; (zo.J cock; (medj Ted 

kura^, (zo.J hen. [measles. 

kuracya^, cure. 

kurant"? currency; melody; zegar 
2 •'Bin, musical clock. 

kuratllela ^, trusteeship. *,or 'V 
trustee, curator; inspector of 
schools. _ [vation of earth. 

kurchan "^ small knoll, small ele- 

kurcz",' spasm, convulsion, cramp, 
-^enie si§ "J contraction, shrinking, 
-owaty f spasmodic, -.owy ^ 
spasmodic, convulsive; kaazel — , 
convulsive cough, -vyc si§ *^r *<> 
shrink, contract. 

kurczilak "^ •'g ^ young hen. *^t- 
ko \ chicken, pullet, t^^ " young 
fowl. [ivy. 

kurdllwan, -yban "IJ (hotj ground- 

kurek'^ (u strzelbyj cock ; fu beczkij 
stop-cock; weather-cock. 

kurhau, vid. kurchan. 

kurka ^, fom.J small hen ; -• wodno; 
(om.J coot. 

kurkowy " Icrdl ~, best shot of a 
club of tharp-shooters. 

kumik "^ hen-roast, hen-house; 
poultry - monger ; (mieszkanitj 
dirty hole. 

kuropatwii'a <i (om.) panrluge. 
•-i ^ partridge . . . 

kuroptoch "\ braggart, swaggerer. 



$0 



kurowa6 



Jturowac ^? to curve. 

kurp* " bast-shoe. 

knrs '^ (pienifdzy) rate cff ex- 
change; reading, lecture; drive, 
ride ; -^a Iconne, horse-race. *.o- 
wac ^V' to circulate, be current. 
«^Owy f exchange . . . 

karsywa ^, italics pi. 

kurtlla^, spencer; bobtail; ('fig J 
<we komu sprawic, to play one a 
trick; cudgel one. «ka^, spencer 
monkey-coat. , 

knrtaz "^ brokerage. 

kurtyna ^, curtain. [pet. 

kurwa^, whore, prostitute, strum- 

karyer "^ express, courier. j 

knrz "7 dust. «awa ^, dust, cloud- 
dust; vapour.-.awka ^, fhot.J puff- 
ball, 'vejiie ^ fumigation, -.yc ^^ 
to raise dust; (tytun) to smoke. 
•-yc sie ^f to be dusty. ^ 

knrzlfy , hen's ;» »>b, stopa^ fbotj 
buttercup. 

kiisillc '^? to tempt, seduce, -.c 
sif ^r (o CO J to strive after. -^ciel'^ 
tempter , seducer, ^^cielka \ 
temptress, seducer. 

knsniellrka \ female furrier. ^.r ski? 
furrier's, -rstwo ^ furrier's trade, 
•-rz ™ furrier, skinner. 

kusllO ^ shortly; (fig.) poorly, 
miserably; •-o z nim, he fares ill. 
«.y f cropped; short-tailed. 

knstosz ^ keeper, custodian. 

knszlla ^, cross-bow; catapult. 
*]lik ^ cross-bowman. 

kntas ^ tassel, knob. 

kntemoga ™ crook-shanks pi. 

kntner ™ ^«a sukniej hirsuteness, 
nappiness. •»>owac ^? (suknoj to 
nap. -^owanie "J (suknaj napping. 

kutwlla '^ sordid niggard, skin- 
flint, hunks, -^iarka^, niggardly 
woman, -•.iec '"V' to be niggardly. 

knty ? shod ; (fig.) ~ na cztery nogi, 
cunning fellow. 

kuznilia ^, forge , smithy, -.ca *i 
farriery, •.k "^ hammerman. 

kuzyn, *ek "; cousin, -a, --kaV 



kw^ka6 

female cousin. *.ostwo ^ kindred, 

kwacz ^ clout. [relationship. 

kwadra^, quarter (of the moon). 

•-cik '^ small quadrat. *,n8 ^ 

quarter of an hour, -t™ square, 

quadrate, •'towy ? quacb-atic, 

square, -tura*", quadrature. 

kwak"^ •-anie ^ (o kaczkachj quack. 



•-ac "'," to quack. [k< 

kwakier "1? Quaker, •-ka^, Qua- 

kwap' "J /^i)Mc7t>/ down. 

kwapillc si§ '^f to hasten. *-enie 
sif " haste. 

kwafantanlla ^, quarantine ; oc*- 
tyJ*.^, to pass quarantine. 

kwarc "^ (^win.; quartz. [pi, 

kwarcianlly " ivojsko ^.e, regulars 

kwarta^, (miaraj quart; (muz.) 
fourth, diatessaron; Cw kartachj 
quart, ^i ^ quarter of a year, 
•-Ine "^ quarterly allowance, quar- 
terage. *.lnie <*^ quarterly. -^Iny f 
quarterly. 

kwartet "^ fmuz.j quartette. 

kwartowy " quart . . . 

kwarzec, vid. kwarc. 

kwalls ^ sourness; (chem.) acidj 
leaven ; Cfig.J -^syp^-, peevishness. 
•-sek ™ sourish flavour. -«sic '^'^ 
to make sour, sour; oxidate; 
leaven. -*-sic sif ^f to oxidise, be- 
come oxidised; Cfig.J to look 
bitter, frown, -skowaty ? aci- 
dulous, sourish. -Msniec ""V" to 
sour, -winy ? sour, acid; (fig.) 
peevish, morose. 

kwasor||6d "^ (chem.) cxygen. 
•-odliy ^ oxygenous. 

kwaszenie sif " pout, peevishness. 

kwatera *", quarters jpZ., lodging; 
square garden - bed ; (w oknie/ 
casement; (mil.) quarters pi. 

kwaterka^, quartern. 

kwaterllmistrz "^ quarter-master." 
•.mistrzostwo ^ quavter-master-s 
charge. •.owac^"/^wi7.y to quar- 
ter, billet, •.unek " (mil.) quar- 

kwatemo ^ quatern. [tering. 

kwef "; veil, -.ic ^? to veil. 

kwgka6 ^f to be sickly; groan. 



kwerenda 

kwerenda ^, (jurj investigation. 

kwestlla *", gathering of alms, •.ar- 
ka \ '^arz ^ gatherer of alms, 
almoner, -^arski ^ almoner's, 
alms . . . -*owac ^^ to gather 

kwestya^, question. [alms. 

kwiat "^ flower, •^ek "^ floweret. 

, A'Ostan "^ inflorescence. *.owy ^ 

' floral, flower . . . •-ozbidr 'y col- 
lection of flowers; antho^gy. 

kwiczec ^V" to squeak. 

kwiczoi: '^ (om.) fieldfare. 

kwiecillany ? of flowers, -.arka ♦", 
flower-girl, ^-arz ^ florist. -*c ^f 
to adorn with flowers, •.e 1 
flower-work, flowers pi. ^^stosc \ 
blooraingness.*sto«? bloomingly. 
--sty " flowery, bloomy. 

Kwiecien '^ April. ,. 

kwietnlii, -^y f *.ia Niedziela, 
Palm-Sunday. «».ik '^ border (of 
flowers), •-iowy*?^ of April, April... 

kwik ™ squeaking. **.nac, vid. 
kwiczec. 

kwilllacy ^ weeping, lamenting. 
*enie ^ lamentation, whimpering. 
'^ic ^^ to lament, weep. 

kwindecz'^ kind of game of chance. 

kwintlla^, fmuz J mthj quint, -.et™ 
quintette. 

kwit"' acquittance, receipt, -.a^-^ 
quits, -•.ek "^ kind of bond, re- 
ceipt; ('fig J odejsc z *.kiem, to 
meet with a rebuff, -.owac ^^ to 
acquit, receipt, ••owy?^ receipt... 

kwitnllac^'" to bloom, flower ; ("figj 
to flourish, ••acy " blooming, 
blossoming ; ("fi.g ) flourishing. 
*'ienie \ blooming. 

kwojika, •'Czka^, clucking - hen. 
-^kac ^? to cluck. 

kwoli, vid. gwoli. 

kwota^, quota, share; fpienifdzy) 
sum. [forrago. 

kwotlibet 'y potpourri, medley, 

I,. 

labarum^ labarum. 
labirynt "IJ maze, labyrinth. 



lampka 



91 



lac ''^^ to pour with rain; j)our,' 
shed; fdzicony etc J, to cast, faund.\ 
* si§ ^r ^2 heczki) to run out. 

lad "^ land, continent. 

lada^, chest; (uorgandwj sound- 
board , wind - chest ; fwozowa) 
screw-jack; (we mtyniej mill- 
hopper. 

ladaf <fc«? the first the best; the 
very first; ~ Wo, the first the best, 
the first that comes; * co, most 
insignificant thing, the least trifle ; 

1 nie ~ , uncommon , remarkableo 
-^CO "J good - for - nothing fellow. 
-^cosc, -jakosc ^, good-for- 
nothingness. •-jaki ^ whatever; 
trifling, insignificant, bad. -vja- 
ko "^? carelessly, negligently. 

ladowllac ^"f to land, disembark, 
to go to shore, -.anie 1 landing. 
*.y ^ by land, land ... ~ ' 

ladz, vid. legnac. 

lafa^, salary. ' 

lag '^ breeding. 

lagier '^ lees pi, 

laik ^y layman. 

lak "^ ( do pieczetotvania) lac, gum- 
lac; (bot.J wall-flower. 

lakier f lacquer, varnish. *nik '^ 
lacquerer, varnisher. -^owac ^^ 
to lacquer, varnish. *owanie " 
lacquering, •.owany " lacquered. 

lakmus '^ litmus. 

laks||a^» diarrhoea, ^-owac ^"? 
to purge; take an aperient. -»-o- 
wanie ♦ purging. 

lallla *i masher, dandy, puppy, 
•'ka^, puppet, doll. 

lama^, C^o.J llama Ctez welnaJA 

lambitywnm "^ looch, loch. 

lament ^ lamentation, complaints 
pi. •'OWac'^? to lament, complain. 

lamowllac ^^ to border, lace, 
«^anie ^ lacing, bordering. 

lamowy ^ made of llama. 

Iam6wka^, border, lace. 

lampa^i lamp. , 

lamparllci " leopard ... *,t ™ (zo.) 
panther, leopard. 

lamplliarz "^ lamp -maker, .^^a 



92 lampeczka 

•^eczka *", small lamp; (wine-) 
glass, •-owy ^ lamp . . . 

lamus™ lumber-room, store-house. 

lanca *", lance, spear. 

lancot^ lancet, -owaty ^ lancet- 
shaped, lanceolate (hot.). 

landara^, landau, stage-coach. 

lanie "J pouring; (posagu etc J 
casting. [the valley. 

lanka*", (tot.) May-flower, lily of 

lanszaft "IJ landscape. 

lapidamy ^ styl ^, lapidary style. 

larwa^, monster, mankin; mask. 

las ™ wood, forest; (fig. J laby- 
rinth. *.ek ^ grove. 

lasa^, lattice- work, hurdle. 

jl.aslleczka ^, small staff, rod; line, 
stroke, --ka^, staff, stick, rod; 
(u Tiolumny) channel; (na prze- 
chadzkej cane, walking-stick; 
(Idkuf stick (of sealing-wax); 
.^ka marszaikowska , marshal's 
staff, •.konogi "spindle-shanked. 

laskowllac '*^" (archj to chamfer, 
flute ; rifle, -.anie "? (arch.) cham- 
fer, •.any " (arch.) fluted, chan- 
nelled. *.aty '^ furrowed, rifled. 

laskowy ? hazel. _ 

lasowac ^f (wapnoj to slake. 

latlla, pi' od rok. . *,o "5 summer ; 
hdbie •o, gossamer. 

latallc ^? to fly ; run. -wwiec " 
rover, vagrant; strumpet; (zpa- 
pieru) kite. 

latarnilla ^» lantern ; •-a morska, 
light-house, •.k '^ lamp-lighter. 

latka pi., years pi. 

latopis, vid. Tcronika. •-ieCi vid. 
kronikarz. 

latollrosl ™ shoot, sprig; (lot J 
layer; ^^^.^ offspring ; — winna, 
vine-branch, vine, -vs «? this year. 
♦-si " of this year, -.wac ^" to pass 
the summer. *.wy " summer... 

laufer " runner; (w szachachj bi- 
shop. ^ [wy " laurel. 

lanr "^ (hot. J laurel (tez fig. J. j^o~ 

lawa^, lava. 

laweudila *", (hot. J lavender, •-o- 
wy ^ lavender, lavender . , . 



ieK 

laweta^, gun-carriage, 
lav/ina^, avalanche. 
lawirowaijc ^^ to hover about. 

-.nie" roving ; evasion, subterfuge. 
lazaret "^ lazaretto, hospital. *.o- 

wy " of a hospital, hospital . > . 
lazaron 'V lazzarone. 
lazur "7 lapis lazulli; azure colour. 

-"Owac ^'^ to dye azure. *<owy ? 

high azure, ultramarine, 
lazurek ^ (hot.} laser-wort, 
lebiodlja^, (hotj orach(e). *.ka'» 

(hot. J marjoram, 
lecha^, bed, parterre, 
lecic '^^ to make lukewarm, 
lecz f but. 
lecziienie "i healiug, cure. *.nica ^, 

medical establishment, •.niczy? 

drodck — , remedy, medicament. 

*.yc "^'^ to cure, heal 
ledwliie, -►-O <^p hardly, scarcely, 

no sooner; *.ie co nie upadt, he 

was likely to fall, 
ledz, legnac ^'^^ to fall, perish; 

(iv grohie/ to be buried, 
ledzwiile pi., thigh, haunch, -.q- 

wy f lumbar; hoi ~ ^, hip gout. 
legac ^f to laze, lie idle; lie with. 
legacya, vid. poseistwo. 
legar '^ (pod heczkij horse, 
legat '^ legate ; (papieskij nuncio 
legat "1? bequest, legacy, -.aryusz™ 

legatee, legatary. 
legawliiec " lazy-bones; spaniel,- 

pointer. •.y ^^ idle, lazy, 
legienda^, legend. . [oneself 
legitymowac sie ^r ^o legitimate 
legnac yf to breed, bring forth. 
legO'WSiC,vid.zapisac(testamentemJ. 
legowisko "? couch, resting-place; 

(zwierzatj lair, lodge. [food, 

legumina^, greens j)l.; farinaceous 
lej, ••ek '^ funnel, tunnel, 
lejbowaty " slack, remiss, neg- 
ligent, 
lejc "^ rein, bridle. '*>owac "^f 

(konie) to put to (horses). «k.Of 

wy " (korij leader, 
leikowaty " funnel-shaped. 
lek ^ medicine, medicament^ 



lekarka 

lekllarka ', doctoresr (pliysician). 
*>arski " medical; medicinal, 
-►arstrwo "! medicament, •-arz ™ 
physician, doctor. 

l^kac sif ^r to fear, be afraid of. 

lekce **? lightly, inconsiderately; 

\ ^ solie wazyc, to esteem lightly, 
depreciate, •.wazenie "! disregard, 

, disdain. 

lekcya^, lesson; task, exercise. 

leM pL, medicaments pi, 

lekki ^ light; frivolous; Incon- 

lekkie ^ lights pi. [siderable. 

lekko "? lightly; frivolously, 
•-mysliiie <*? frivolously, •-mysl- 
nik ™ giddy-head, light-minded 
man. *.inysblOSC \ frivolity, light- 
mindedness, •.myslny ^ light- 
minded, frivolous, light. *.SC^, 
levity, lightness. 

lekliwilosc ^, timidity, timorous- 
hess. *.y ^ timide, timorous. 

leksykograf "^ lexicographer. 

lektor '^ lector. 

lektyka^, sedan-chair; litter. 

lelum polelum, cumbrous man, 
dullhead. 

lemiesz "^ plough-share. 

lemieszllka ^, porridge, -.owy f of 
plough-share ; Tcosc -•-owa, vomer. 

lemoniada^, lemonade. 

len i; flax. 

len i; idle fellow. 

leniilc sif '^X to be idle, •.stwo "J 
•-wosc \ laziness, idlen.ess.^-uch'^ 
idle feUow. -.wic^c"? (zo.J sloth; 
lazy body, -wiec '^?' to become 
•idle, lazy, •rwv ^/ slothful, idle, 

leniec, vid. Unic sip. [lazy 

lennillczy " feudal ; przysipga -.cza, 
oath of allegiance. *,k "^ liege- 
man, vassal. 

lenn!lo 1 fief, fee. -.odawca *i; 
liegelord, liege, •-osc ^, feuda- 
lism. *.y ^ feudal; >^y pan, liege- 
lord, liege. 

lentyszek ™ mastic-tree. 

lep '^ bird-lime; ffigj lure, bait. 

lepillanka ^, hovel, cot; paste- 
work. m.c ^^ to glue, stick. -.6 



Ignje 



93 



8i§ ^ to adhere, stick, ^^ony f 
glued, clay. 

lepiej ^^ better ; rather; it is better. 

lepi^znik " fbotj colt's foot 

lepllki, vid. lipki. A'kosC, vid. lipkoU, 
-^-nica^i ('bot.J catch-fly. 

lepszllec^? to grow better; ame- 
liorate. A^osc^* superiority, •y? 
better; idc z kim o •.a, to emulato 
with one, to vie with'^ one. 

lesisty " wooded, woody. 

lesnillctwo ^ forest-science, fores- 
try -^czostwo " office of woods 
and forests. -•'Czy?^ forest, •.czy, 
•-k ™ forest - officer , verderer^ 
forester. [wild 

lesny" forest, wild; (oroUinach) 

leszcz ™ Czo.J bream. 

leszczotki il., certain child's play 
(so called). 

leszczynlla ^, hazel, -.uwy^ hazel; 
««. orzech, hazil-nut, hazel. 

letarg'^apparert death, asphyxy, 
•-iczny f lethargic. 

letkie, vid. lekkie. 

letMewicz "^ Jight-minded man. 

letnOi " (cieplawy) lukewarm, te- 
pid ; summer ; of one year. ».ic/ 
vid. Ieci6. ••iczek™ summer-dress, 
-'ik "^ summer-dress ; resident at 
a summer resort, •.io **? luke- 
warmly; in summer-dress. *.iosc ^, 
tepidity, -^osc^, (jur.J majority. 

lew"^ (zo.J lion. *.ek'^ young lion. 

lewar ^ fwozowyj screw-jack; 
siphon for drawing wine, •-ek "^ 
small siphon; (do z^bdw rwaniaj 

lewica^, left hand. [pelican. 

lewkonia *i ^&o« Jstock-gilllflower. 

lewllo ^^ v) •.o, na -*.o, to the left, 
on the left side, ^.y f left. 

leza*", quarters 2?!., lodging; couch; 
zimowt leze, winter-quarters. 

lezc y^ to creep, crawl; drag. 

le^llec ""V" to lie; fo odzieniuj to 
fit ; fo mieQscowoidJ t© be situated. 
-^uch ™ lazy - boots , sluggard. 
-ysko ^ (mil.) camp, encamp- 
ment; couch. 

Ignac ^^ to adher, stick to; (w 



94 



U 



dtodtj to remain sticking; ^^ J do 
kogo, to be mucK attached to one. 

Ji <*2» solely ; fjako prtyrottekj 
whether; hylli? was he? 

iiberalllista ™ liberal, •.nose *; 
liberality, •.ny ^ liberal. 

libertylln "^ freethinker, ^nstwo ^ 

liberya^, livery. [freethinking. 

libra ^t (papieru) quire, [nance. 

liclle ^ cheek. *.a pi-, face, counte- 

licemiernillca ^, -k "^ hypocrite. 
•-CtWO " hypocrisy, dissembling. 
•czy ?■ hypocritical, feigning. 

licencyat "^ licentiate. [devil. 

licho V odd number; mischief; 

licho <*? poorly, miserably. •'SC ^, 
poorness, miserableness. -»ta^, 
misery; poor, wretched man. 

lichtarz ^ candlestick. 

licbwila <; usury, -.iarka ^, female 
usurer. '^'iarski " usurious, 
•iarstwo ^ usury, usurious trade. 
A-iarz ^ usurer. -.16 ^? to practise 
usury. A'ienie 7 practising usury. 

lichy ? miserable, pitiful, poor; 
(o zdrowiuj feeble. 

licowy f facial. 

Ecytilacya^, putilic sale, auction, 
•ant "^ bidder, ^^owac ^f to sell 
to the highest bidder. 

liczllba ^, cipher ; number; account, 
computation ; fgram.J ~ ^ tn^ioga, 
plural, '%'boil " counter, mark. 
«*bowy ^ numeral. A>ebny " 
numerical ; numeral. A^eiiie 7 
counting, numeration. <winan, 
vid. liczbon. 

UcznIJie **? in great quantities, 
numerously. -»ik "^ ('arytj nume- 
rator, -.y * numerous. 

liczjlony 7 counted, numbered 
-yc "^f to count, number; -.yc 
na CO, to reckon on. -.ykrupa ^ 
sordid niggard, curmudgeon. 

liga^t league, confederacy. 

li^rnstr ™ fbotj privet. 

lik ™ plenty, quantity ; bez •-Ui in 
great quantities, numerously, 

liMer "^ liqueur. 

aktor " lictor. 



Ustewka 

likwidllacya ', - 6wanie ^ Uqul- 
dation, winding up. *acyjny ? 
of liquidation, -.owac ^" to liqui- 

likwor "^ cordial, liqueur, [datCc 

lila, lilac-coloured, iOaceous. *ik'^ 
CbotJ lilac. [lilaceous. 

lililla<; fboij lily. *owy ? lily; 

limfa^, lymph. 

limita^, prorogation. 

lin "1? tench (fish), [rigging. 

Una *', line, cord ; liny oJirptowCf 

linlleamy f lineal, ^a*", (mat.) 
line; ruler, rule. «.ia-x ^ ruler, 
rule. *ijka^, small ruler (rule). 
•"iowac ^'f to rule, draw lines, 
--iowanie ^* drawing of lines. 
-iowy " of the line ; -^owe tyo/- 
iko,^ regulars ph [hair. 

linic sif "^f to lose (shed) one's 

linka^, small line (cord). 

liplla ^, (botj lime-tree, linden, 
-^cowy f of July, -.ina *", linden- 
wood. «.ka', young lime-tree, 
•owy *f lime. 

Lipiec ^ July; virgin honey, 

lipien "!? (rybaj grayling. 

lipklli f gluey, sticky. •-08C \ 
glutinousness, stickiness. 

lipn%c "^^ to stick, adhere. 

lirlla \ lyre, -rnik ^ guitar-player, 

liry||cznie«f lyrically, -.cznosc^i 
lyric character, -^czny f lyric. 
*'k'!J lyric poet, •.ka *", lyric poetry, 

lis '^ (zo.) fox. '^ypl., fur of foxes. 

lisllc "^ leaf, -.ciany f leafy, 
leaved, -ciasty " leafy ; foliferous. 
•cie " foliage, •-cie, pi. od liJ6. 
-"Ciowy " leafy. 

liscik '^ note, short letter, billet. 

lisilek "^ little fox. --i f fox-like, 
fox . . . , -wi ogon, foxtail, •iatko 7 
fox's cub. -ica^, CzoJ she-fox; 
trave (for horses), 

list™ letter; ^ z pozeg7ianie7n,\etteir 
of discharge ; ~ z zaproszeniein, 
letter of invitation ; ^ zelazny, 
letter of safe -conduct, ^ek ™ 
leaflet, sniall leaf. 

lista^, list» roll. 

listewka. vid. listwa^ 



Listopad 

LifcJtopad "",' November. 

listopadowy " Novemberish. 

listollwnie «*? by letter. <wwnyf 
epistolary; by letter, •-'wy^ post- 
man, letter-carrier. •.wy ? 
epistolary. 

listwlla *", farch.) list, reglet; fu sto- 
larzyj ledge, rabbet; (^ sukienj 
list, ledge, selvage. -»owanie " 
listing. [herpetic. 

liszaj ^, tetter, herpes, --owaty ^ 

liszka *", larve ; fzo.J she-fox. 

lisztwa, vid. listwa. 

litania^i litany; (fig. J wearisome 
enumeration. 

litera Uetter, character ; (printing) 
type ; co do litery, literally, •-cki ^ 
literary. *.ln0SC ^, literalness. 
•■Iny " literal, verbal, ^pt ™ man 
of letters, literate, -.tka *", autho- 
ress, •rtura*', literature, letterspi. 

litkup ^y brokerage; earnest- 
money. 

litollsc^, pity, compassion --sci- 
wy ^ compassionate, merciful; 
pitiful, -.sny " piteous, deserving 
pity. ^ -.wac '"^ to deplore, pity. 
•-wac sie ^ to take pity on, have 
mercy on. -.wanie sig ^ com- 
miseration, mercy. [gical. 

liturgi||a*i liturgy, -.czny f litur- 

lity , cast, founded ; solids pure. 

liwerllant "^ purveyor, contractor, 
•-owac '"f to furnish, supply, 
--unek "^ delivery. 

lizllaC; '•'liac ^" to lick, lap ; CfigJ 
"^nac czego, to have a superficial 
knowledge of something, -.ac 
Bie ^r (komuj to flatter, cajole, 
•'anie % lick, -.iohrazek'y hypo- 
crite. *rtis '^ mean flatterer. 

Inianlika ^, fhot.j gold-of-pleasure. 
•.y ^ linen, made of linen. 

Inica^, (hot.) flaxweed. 

loch '^ cavern, den; dungeon. 

1(3 d '^ ice. lody i>i., ice-cream; 
(iig.) tamad pierwsze lody ^ to 
break the ices. 

lodowllacic ^^ to ice. *aciec ^ 
tc congeal, freeze, --aty ^ icy, 



lubie^ny 



95 



glacial, frozen ; ffig.J chilly, cold ; 
cukier *«, sugar candy, •'iec ^ 
-isko 1 glacier, -.nia ^, ice-cellar. 



-y V^ icy, glacial, 
loftka" 



tka^, buck-shot. 

logarytm "^ logarithm, -^owy f 
logarithmicCal). 

lo&illcziiosc ^, rationality, *czny^ 
logical, -.ka*", logit. 

logogryf "^ logogriphe, 

lok "y curl, lock (of a hair). 

lokaj "IJ lackey, ^-ski f of lackey. 

lokalllny ?local. -.tor ^i *torka *", 
lodger. [engine. 

lokomotywa ^, engine, locomotive 

lokowac *^^ (pitniadze) to put out. 

lombard '^ loan- office. 

lomber "^ Cgra) ombre. 

Ion '^ linch-pin, pin. [linstock. 

lont '^ match, lunt. -».owiiik '^ 

lornet|lka\ opera-glass. *owac^f 
to observe through an opera-glass. 

los "^ fate, destiny; lot; (w lotc- 
ryij lottery -ticket. «'0wac '"f\^ 
to lot; draw lots; cast lots, -o- 
wanie " drawing of lots; casting 
of lots. [in a hurry. 

lot "^ (ptakoxo) flight, flock; w *, 

loterylla ^, lottery, -vjka^, lotto. 

lotkas flag- feather; pinion. 

lotnllie **? very quick. ••OSC *i 
ability of flying; rapidity; vola- 
tility, •.y f flying; fledged; 
hasty; volatile. 

lotus i; Cl>ot.) lotus, -owy ^ lo- 
te...; A'OWe drzewo, lotus-tree, 
lotus. 

loza*", fwolnomularska J lodge] fte.J 
box; (te.) ~ parterowa, pit- box. 

Isnllac sif , -ic si§ ^r --ic ^f to 
sparkle, glitter, --iacy ^ resplen- 
dent, bright, •'isty " glossy. 

lub ? or. 

lubaszka^; egg-plum. 

lubcia^i love, sweet-heart. 

luhczyk "; fbotj lovage. 

lubic ^^ to be fond of, like. 

lubieznliik'^ sensualist, voluptuary. 
*OSC *i sensuality, voluptuous- 
ness. «*y ^ voluptuous, sensual. 



Jubistek 



96 



lubistek, vid. luhczyTc, 

lubo ? although. 

lubollsc^, delightfulness. «»wac^? 
(w czemj to delight in a thing, 
•wanie"? delight.-, wnica <; sweet- 
heart. -*wnik™ lover J amateur, 
fancier. 

lubryka^, red chalk, ruddle. 

luby ^ ^ f dear, beloved ; lover. 

lucerna*i fbotj lucerne. 

lucyllfer, -per "^ Lucifer, -.pero- 
wy ^ Luciferian. 

lud "^ people, nation ; (prosty) com- 
mon people, multitude, -.arka^, 
(orn.J robin-red-breast, •-ek "^ 
poor, good people ; small people. 
-»no "^ populously, ••nose ^, 
population, ••ny ^ populous. 

ludozerllca "IJ cannibal, man-eater. 
«*czy "anthropophagous. -'Stwo ^ 
anthropophagy. 

Indwisiallrnia *", bell-foundry, gun- 
foundry, •rski ? bell-founder's. 
•-rz ^ bell-founder, gun-founder. 

ludzie pi., people, men pi. 

ludzklli " human; humane, kind, 
philanthropic, ^-o <*? humanly; 
humanely, kindly. «.0SC ^, human 
race; humanity; philanthropy. 

lufa^, (u strzelhyj barrel. 

lufcik '^ air-hole, vent. 

luka^, CmilJ breach, gapj blank, 
defect, lacuna. 

[akrecya^, licorice. 

*.alac "^^^^ to sleep; lull asleep. 

ralek ^ CbotJ hen-bane. 

lulka^t tobacco-pipe; pipe-bowl. 

Itimimarz '^ luminary ftez figj. 

luu^C ^^? pour out suddenly. 

lunatyilctwo " -zm™ moon-mad- 
ness, 'vczka ^, -vk ^ mooner. 
••czny f moon-struck. ~" 

lTineta*i telescope. 

lupa^, magnifying glass. 

lusnia^, (u wozaj pin, rundle. 

lustr 'V lustre, gloss. 

lustrllacya ^, mustering, review. 
».0 ^ looking-glass, mirror. -.0- 
wac ^" to muster,ff evie w.*. wny ^ 
lustrous. 



ladny 

lut *; lute, 

luterllanin "IJ --ka ^, Lutheran- *.a» 

nizm "^ L?itheranism. •-ski " 

Lutheran, 
lutnilla ^, ("muzj Rite. *sta "^ 

lutist. -stka^, female lutist. 
lutowallc ^f to solder, -.nie ? 

soldering. 
lutrzec ^f to take the Luthern 

faith, become Lutheran. 
Luty "y February. 
luz "^ (o koniuj -vein, loosely, 
luzak "^ servant in the army, 

baggage-man. 
luzny " out of service, out of 

place ; loose, led ; Icon •, led horse, 
luzowallc "^f (warif) to relieve; 

loosen. *.nie "J (strazyj relief. 
Iwi " leonine. *.atko " little lion. 

*.ca \ lioness, -.sko ^ big old lion, 
Izej "p comp. od lekko. '^SZJ ? 

comp. od lekki. 
Izllenie ^ insult, calumniation. 

•-yc "^ to revile, calumniate, 

insult. 



tab§dllz ^ fomj swan. *-zi ? swan's, 

iacha^, (rzeki) branch. [man. 

lachman "^ rag, tatter; ragged 

lacitlna^, Latin. *.nnik ^ Lati- 

nist; (katolikj Latin, -•-nski ? 

Latin. [*.y ^ easy, slight. 

tacnllie, •'O «? easily, slightly. 

l%CZl|acy?binding, joining ; Cgram.) 

tryb ~ ~, subjunctive, ^nie ^p 

jointly, in common. •-nik^ (gram.) 

hyphen. ••nose ^, coherence, 

junction. -*.ny ?^ joint, common. 

•.yc ^^ -.yc si§ ^r to join, unite. 

t%czllka^, (small) meadow, -^ny^ 

lad "^ order. [meadow . . . 

ladnllie "? handsomely. *.iec ^? 

60 become handsome, -.iucbiiy ? 

very nice, handsome, •osc \ 

neatness, comeness. <»ostka.'t 

pretty thing, -.y ^ neat, nice. 



}adowa6 

hidowllac ^f to load, lade. -Miie ^ 
loading, lading. «.ny ? laden; 
transport ... 

i:adilowiuca ^, cartridge-box. m,u- 
nek^ cargo, shipment; (strielbyj 
charge, cartridge. 

iag, vid. ieg. 

iagolldniec ^ to soften, become 
more mild. '»'dn08C ^, softness, 
meekness, mildness; gentleness, 
•-dny ^ mild, eoft, meek; gentle, 
•-dzacy f' appeasing; lenitive; 
irodek - ~, lenitive. «>dzic ^f to 
soften, appease. 

laja^, pack of hounds. 

lajallc ^^ to scold, chide, •nie "i 
scolding. 

iajdallcki f disorderly, ragged, 
debauched. •'Ctwo 1 knavery; 
debauchery; mob, rabble, -.czek"? 
lewd fellow, •-czenie Fif ^ kna- 
very, roguery, •-czka', dissolute 
woman, strumpet, •-czyc sie ""V 
to lead a debauched life, -.k'^ 
lewd, dissolute fellow, rake, loon. 

iajno 7 excrement, mire ; czarcie -, 
assafoetida. 

l^a^, meadow, mead. 

iakniiac ^V' to be hungry; fezegoj 
to be*" desirous of, aspire after. 
*%cyf hungry. *rieiiie7 appetite; 
hunger. 

takollc, -tka', dainty bit, tit-bit 

lakomllid si? ^ fna cqJ to long 
for. -•iec^-ca"; glutton, gluttonous 
man; miser, •o, *ie "f greedily, 
covetously. «.BtW0 " gluttony; 
covetousness. ^.y ^ gluttonous; 
avaricious,' covetous. 

lakotllka ^. tit - bit, dainty bit. 
-^-liwosc ^, lickerishness. «»liwy*?' 
lickerish, ^-nik ^ sweet-tooth. 

iakowy ^ meadow . . . 

tamallC^f to break ; ^j>rzyjjf^ge ttc.J 
to violate; Ciwiatto) to refract; 
(figj *C sohie glowp, to rack one's 
brains; m,t ciaio, to practise gym- 
nastics; iamie -mnie to koSciuch, 
X am ill with rheumatism. m,c 
8if ^T to break, burst, be broken ; 
Czfsc poltko-angieUka. _ 



laazt 



97 



Co iwittle) to be refracted. -»ni©^ 
breaking; violating; «.• to ko- 
dciach, gout in the joints, -nie sif " 
/'/'oi morakichj breakers pi. ; fiwia' 
/iaj refraction, ^^nyf^ «~ kaOTjcn, 
quarry-stone, ashlar ; •-ne tztukii 
gymnastics pi. 

lamliwobC S (f^J refractiveness. 

tan " field ; hide (of land). 

iancuilch "^ chain, -vchowy " of 
a chain, chain . . . ; pies — , ban- 
dog; regida «'CllOWa, chain-rule. 
'«>szek ^ little chain. 

lania^, CzoJ hind, doe. 

lanowile ^ land-tax. -^j^ '^jpuikf 
regiment of the line. 

lap, cap \ over head and ears. 

tapa fi fzwierzfciaj paw, claw ; Cpo" 
gardliwiej hand. 

iapallc ^" to catch, seize, snatch 
up ; *.6 kogo na goracym uczynku, 
to seize red-handed, take in the 
veVy act. •.nina ^, catching, cap- 

tapcie pi', bast-shoes pi. [ture. 

lapczjrwllosc ^, greediness, cove- 
tousness. -i^y f^ greedy, covetous. 

taplliasty " fomj palmate, palmi- 
ped. ^ica<; large trap. •igroBz'^ 
pinch-penny, •iknra^, poultry, 
stealer. *,ka ^, trap ; (fig. J snare ; 
<*ka na myszy, mouse-trap. 

iasic sif ^f (komuj to flatter, ca- 
jole; (na CO J to long for, feel £ 
desire for. 

iasica^t (»o.) marten. 

iaska^, favour; grace; ^zo.^ wea- 
sel ; tda6 sip na taskf, to surren- 
der at discretion, •.wca™ bene- 
factor, protector. <^W0SC ^, bounty, 
kindness ; . humanity, mildness. 
<^wy ^ benevolent; charitable; 
mild; tame; cJdeb •wy, bread 
of charity ; ladz tak ^.w da6 .... 
be so kind as to give . . . 

taskotllac ^? to tickle, titillate, 
•anie " *ki p^, tickling, titil- 
lation; had sit ••ek, to be tick- 
lish, •liwy f ticklish. 

Ia86n ^ flatterer; sycophants 

taszt '^ (miaraj last. 
Z 



98 



lata 



iata^, patch; (itrdi) lath; (iig.) 
rascal. «vc ^f to patch; (hutyj 
to cobble, ^Qz "^ patcher, men- 
der. *.nie "J patching, botching, 
-^nina \ patch - work , botching. 

iatka ^, small patch ; ffigj przy- 
piac komu iatke, to cast an asper- 
sion upon one. 

latka^, puppet, wire-puppet. 

iatny ^ lath ... 

tatwilosc ^, ease, facility, •-o- 
wiernosc^, credulity, easiness of 
belief, -►owierny " creduous, 
easy of belief, -.y ^ easy, slight. 

iawlia^, bench; foot-plank; (fig J 
rzucic pod »,e, to cast away, 
-^eczka^, small bench; (podnogij 
foot-stool, •.ica^, bench; sand- 
bank, shelf, -wka^, bench. 

iawiac, vid. towic. 

iawnillczy ^ jurat's, alderman's, 
•"k ^ jurat, alderman, sheriff. 
-vkostwo ^ shrievalty. 

lawra^, monastery. 

taza^, agio. 

lazanki pi., a kind of macaroni. 

iazarz "^ poor, wretched man; 
sick man. [creep; ramble. 

laz''ega " vagabond. -»ic ^? to 

iaziellbne ^ money for bathing. 
-•bniczy f bather's, -.bnik "IJ 
hather. -bny, •-nny f bath-kee- 
per, -^nki pi., bathing -house, 
baths 2)L 

iaznia*", steam-bath. 

ibisty f large-headed. 

ieb '^ head (of an animal and 
contemptuously of a man); dac 
komu w ^, to deal a blow on the 
head; na ^ na szyje, over head 
and ears, •.ski, vid. iepski. 

lechllczyw.osc, -.tliwosc *", tick- 
lishness. •-czywy, •'tliwy " tidk- 
lish. —t3>C,vid iasA:oiac.«vtaczka*i 
(anat.J clitoris, -wtailie, vid. ia- 

leg "^ moor, marsh. Iskotanie. 

i^k "^ saddle-bow. 

iepllak^ good head, -ek ^, small 
head; •-ek od spilki, pin's head, 
^ski f valisciit, brave ; excellent. 



lososina 

*'Sko "^ bravely; greatly j ex* 
cellently. 

lezka^, small tear, tear. 

Igalic '"V- to lie, tell a lie, talk big, 
^rski ^ lying, false, ^rstwo 1 
lie, falsehood, •-rz "^ liar. 

Ikallc ^f to sob. -.nie ^ sobbing. 

ioboda^, CbotJ arrach, orach. 

iobuz^ ^ naughty boy, rogue, 

ioczyga^, sow-thistle. [knave. 

todka^, small boat; fdo kadzidiaj 
perfuming-pan. 

lodyga^, stalk, pedicle. 

iodz*", boat. 

toic "^^^ to tallow; CfigJ to cudgel, 
belabour. 16j "^ tallow, suet. 

lojowllaty ^ tallow-like, tallowy; 
•-y f tallowy. 

h)kIIciowy ^ of the elbow; (anal) 
cubital ; yard . . . , very long ; tO" 
wary -^-ciowe, dry- goods, mer- 
cery. -,iec ™ yard, ell; elbow, 
--ietek "^ dwarf, pigmy, thumb- 
stall. 

iom"^ crash, cracking; breaking; 
brush-wood ; •.y kamieni, quarry, 
stone-pit. -^-ignat" ^orw J osprey, 
sea-eagle. '»'ikainien'^/&o« J saxi- 
frage, i^ikost '^ bone-glue. i*.i- 
Stosc ^, curvature, crookedness, 
-isty ? curved, bent, -ny ^ 
brittle, fragile; kamien •-ny, 
quarry-stone. *.ot^ crash, crack- 
ing, /^otac^^/f to crack, crash; 
break, crick; ffig.J to cudgel. 

tono 1? womb. 

tonski f of the last year. 

iopatlla^, shovel, --ka^, shovel; 
shoulder-blade; pot -ladle; fu 
zivierzpciaj shoulder, fore-quarter. 
-'kowy f of shoulder-blade; 
(anat.J humeral. 

lopllian, •'Uch "IJ Cbot.) bur, bur- 
dock, -.ucha ^, (hot.J joint-pod- 
ded charlock. [elk... . 

lolls ™ (zo.J elk. -«si, *siowy ^ 

ioskot "7 crash, crack. *,ac *^'* 
to crash, crack, •-nie ^^ noisily. 
*.ny " noisy. 

iosjlos ^5 salmon. -*osina^, flesh 



lososiopstrag 



of salmon, ^osiopstrag"^ salmon- 
trout. •'Csiowy ^ of salmon. 

loszyca ^, female of the elk. 

16t '" lialf an ounce, •.owy ? 
weighing half aa ounce. 

lotr " scoundrel, rascal, -vostwo \ 
knavery, roguery, •-owac '"','- to 
rob; lead a debauched life. 
•'Owski f rascally, knavish. 
-•-zyk "^ vagrant, villain; 

16w "i (cz^ciejj lowy pl.t hunt, 
hunting. 

lowlica, -"iec " hunter, huntsman. 
•"Czy '" master of the hounds. 
•"Czy ^ hunting . . . •.czyna ^, the 
wife of the master of the hounds ; 
huntress, ^czyni ^,huntress.«.ic'^" 
('ry'byj to catch; (zwitrzynfj to 
hunt, chase; (iig.J to pilfer, 
•-iecki " hunting . . . , huntsman's, 
-^iectwo " hunting, huntsman- 
ship, -wienie "J hunting, chasing; 
catching (fish\ *ny ^ well catch- 
ing. *.y, vid. tow. 

iozila^, osie?, water- willo w ; bir- 
chen-rod. *.ina^, osier. 

ioze ^ be'J, couch; (rzekij bed, 
channel; {armatyj gun-carriage; 
fstrzelhy ♦ stock. 

lozL'eczko ^ small bed. -•ko 'J bed ; 
bedstead, •.kowy ^ bed ... 

JozniJlc^ »; marriage-bed; bridal 
bed. "w/izy '^ bedchamber man. 

iozowy ? osier . . i 

iozyc ^7* (na CO J to bestow; to 
spend (I'.pon), employ (in).f 

iozysko i couch ; (rzekij channel; 
after- bir^b, placenta. 

lub " bark; splinter; tilt, cover 
(for a ca'»riage). -.ek "1? thin bark ; 
splint (/or a broken leg). *,ia- 

lubie " «iniver. [ny f barky. 

lubin '^ (hot.J lupine. 

lllCZilastv" arched, arch-shaped, 
^-ek^ small arch, •.nik'7 archer, 
bowman, •-ny " armed with a 
bow; ?T';h-shaped. •-ysto <*? in 
the 8b.ipe of an arch. 

Inczywo ^ resinous pine-wood. 

indzilacvf delusive, illusory; at- 



lyczany 99 

tractive; —l^ce podohiensttOOf ho* 
wildering liiieness. A-eilie 1 delu- 
sion, illusion, deceit, -.ic ^?^ to 
delude; infatuate, allure. 

lug "; lye, buck. *owac ^? to 
steep in lye; (chem.J lixiviate. 
•'Owanie'J steeping in lye; (chem.J 
lixiviation. •-owaty " alcaline, 
lixivial; marshy, boggy, •-owi- 
sko " marsh covered with red- 
coloured water, -vownik"^ alum- 
house. -'Owy f of buck; popidt^ 
-*/, buck-ashes. 

luk ^ (uarzpdziej bow; (arck.J 
arch, vault; ^wa^ curve, •-owy^ 

inna ^, glare of fire. [bow . . . 

iup ^ booty, spoil. 

tupilac '^f split; (drivaj cleave, 
-^ac si§^r to get split up. •-acz'V 
^rt/6ay' haddock, -^anie^ cleaving; 
(w koiciachj rheumatism. 

iupek "^ slate, schis*. 

iupilic ^? to take off the bark, 
bark; plunder, pillage, •-csi^^ 
to peel, shell, -^estwo " plun- 
dering, pillage, -vez *i prey, spoil; 
(na giowiej scurf. -»eze i^i., rob- 
bery; prey, -^^ezca "y plunderer, 
spoiler, --ezenie ^ plundering, 
pillage. *.eznosc *", rapacity, ra- 
venousness. -.ezny ^ rapacious, 
ravenous.^ezyc'^? to plunder, rob. 

hipinlla ^, (orzecha, jajaj shell; 
peel, paring, -.iasty f shelly. 
'•'Owy ^ leguminous. 

tupkllosc ^, fissility. -.owaty f 
•'Owy " schistous, slaty. 

iupny " scissile. 

iuskija ^, scale ; shell, hull ; (na 
okuj albugo, '•.ac ^? (grochj to 
shell; (owocj to peel, pare; (rybyj 
to scale, •'aty ?^ scaly, squamous, 
-•-iewnik "IJ .(hot. J coral -wort, 
••owaty ^ scaly^ squamous. •»o- 
wiec ™ ^zo.>> pangolin. 

luszczak 1? /^om.; finch. 

tuszczilka<;/waofcM> albugo, leu- 
coma, •-yc, vid iuskac 

luiyny pJ., buck-ashes, [of bast. 

iyczalik "^ bast-rope, -.ny ? made 



100 



lyczka 



tnaczkowanie 



iyczko, vid, tyko. 

iyk'? gulp; commoner. •-ac.^n^C^? 
to gulp, swallow. 

iykacz "? drunkard, glutton. 

iykawllosc <i crib -biting, ^y J 
Icon -.y, crib-biter. > 

iyko ^ bast, bast of a lime-tree; 
(hot) wilcze *, mezeron, spurge- 
laurel, -vwaty f sinew, tough. 

lypad '"^ (oczymaj to open wide 
{the eyes). 

Jys; -ek, -»on "i; bald-pate, -.iec '"V' 
to become bald-pated. -wienie "J 
baldness. *.ina ^, bald-pate, bald- 
head ; Cu IconiaJ blaze, white spot. 

lyskallc sie "^f to lighten, flash. 
*.nie ^ lightning, flashing., 

iysllp ^ baldly. •,osc ^, baldness, 
barrenness. •./ ^ bald-pated, 
bald. [mica. 

iyszczak" /T>o<.> auricula; Cmin.J 

lytka<; calf (of the leg). • 

iyzczyca^, spoon-wort. 

•lyilleczka ^, small spoon ; fdo Jca- 
wyj coflee - spoon ; (do herhatyj 

.tea-spoon, •-ka ^, spoon ; spoonful. 

iyzwlla^i skate; Uegac na •-ach, 
to skate. *;larz ^ skater, ^.q- 
wac ^ to skate, -owy ^ mo5< 
~~, pontoon, bridge of boats. 

iza^, tear; wylewac izy, to shed 
tears, ••wnica ^, lachrymatory. 
-•'Wny" lachrymal; lachrymary. 
•'WO «? tearfully, -^wy " tearful. 

izowy f lachrymal. 



M. 

ma ^*7 /'«w. od mdj, 

mac^, fvulg.J mother. 

Xnaca', peck, a measure for corn; 
(u zydowj unleavened bread. 

xnacllac ^f ? to feel, touch; (kurpj 
to grope ; (fig.J to sound one ; -^ac 
po ciemku, to poke, grope about. 
^-anie 7 -"anina ^, feeling, touch- 
ing, •.erowac ^^ to steep, soak. 

mSLChaJilQ^V' Cczemj to swing, bxan- 



»nie . swinging^ 



dish , sway, 
brandishing. 

macMnHa ^, machine; /'/igr.^ huge- 
ness ; fo czlowiekuj giant, •-alny ^ 
like a machine, mechanical. -wka^t 
small machine. 

machlllarstwo ^ tricking, swindle, 
^arz'y trieker,swindler.-.owac^? 
to trick, swindle. 

machnllac ^" to shake, swing; 
(r^kaj to beckon. •.ienie'J Crpka^ 
beckoning. ~~ ' 

macic ^"^ fpiynj to stir up, mud-1 
dy; trouble, disturb. •. 8i§ ^f to 
become muddy, turbid; ffig.J 
mad mu sip w giowie, he feels 
giddy; he looses his head. 

macilica ^, master -root; (anat.) 
womb, uterus; ftyp.J matrix; 
peHowa <».ca, nacre; winna ^^ca, 
vine. •'Czny f (anat.J uterine. 

maciek"^ country-bumpkin; hog'a 
paunch. 

macierz ^, vid. matka. -^anka^, 
fboij betony, thyme. i*.3rnski ^ 
maternal, motherly; po •-ynsku, 
maternally. «wynstwo 7 mater- 
nity, motherhood, -^ysty^ mater- 
nal, •-yzna ^.maternal inheritance. 

maciniec "IJ ovary. 

maciora^t ewe, sow. 

maciupki " tiny, very small. 

maciwoda ^ seditionary; CfigJ 
fire-brand. 

macka^, fzoJ feeler. 

macollclia \ ^tep-mother. --szy ^ 
like a step - mother , novercal. 
•'Szyc ^? (komuj to neglect one 
like a step-mother.' 

njaczac ""f to dip in, immerse; 
wet, moisten; (iwiece) to dip; 
(fig.J ^ rfce w czem, to take part in. 

maczanka ^, steeped slice of a roll 
or of bread. 

maczasty^ farinaceous; like meal. 

maczek ",' field-poppy ; (figj very 
small print; priming-powder. 

maczklla ^» flour; (do bieliznyj 
starch. *.owac^^ to starch, clear* 
starch. *owanie " starchiug. 



m^cznica 

maczllnica ^, meal -box; mealy 
pear; ("botj spurred rje, ergot. 
•11066 ^» raealiaess. «-iiy? mealy, 
floury ; of meal. *yc ""^ to meal, 
sprinkle with meal. '^ystOSC ^, 
mealiness, -ysty^ mealy, of meal. 

maczuga^, mace. 

madera^, fwinoj Madeira. 

madrjiala"^ cunning fellow. *.osc', 
wisdom, prudence; zpby -wOSCi, 
upper grinders. *ostka \ sophis- 
try. m,y f wise, sage; sly, cun- 
ning. '•'Ze ^^ wisely. 

madrzeniec ™ (l)otJ larkspur: "" 

magazyn"^ magazine, ware-house. 
«^ier, magazny™ store -keeper. 
•-owe 1 storage. 

magiila ^, magic, -rcznie «^ magi- 
cally, -^cznosc ^, magic. *cziiy ? 
magic(al). -.k ^ magician. 

inagiel ^, mangle. 

ma^ister ^ Master of Arts, v 

jnagi3trat "i; magistracy, -.owy? 
magistrj.tic(al). 

maglowi|ac^"to calender, mangle, 
•.anie^ mangling, -.nia^i room 
in which the mangle is placed. 
A'llica ^v mangling - machine. 
<«llik "y cloth for mangling. *ny " 
apt to manglo. 

magnat" magnate, -^erya^, no- 
tables pi., notability. 

magnes "7 magnet, lodestone. -.o- 
wac ""? CfizJ magnetise, --owa- 
nie ^ magnetisation, ••owy " 
magnetic(ai); igia •'OWa, com- 
pass-needle. 

Snagnet/ilcznie ^} magnetically. 
•'Cznosc ^, magneticalness, 

•czny ^ magnetic(al). •zm ™ 
magnetism, •-zowac ^? (vizd.) 
to magnetise, -.zer '^ magnetiser. 

magnifika ^, woman puffed ^up 
with pride. 

mahometallnini; -nka^, -nski? 
Mohammedan. <^nstW0 ^ Moham- 
medanism. 

maholin *y mahogany-tree, maho- 
gany, -.niowy " mahogany. 

male "^^ to adorn with leaves. 



makata 



101 



MaJ "^t (mhsiac) May. 

maj ™ verdure, green branches. 

majallczec ^^ to appear (indis- 
tinctly) at a distance, -^czenie ^ 
delirium. *.czyc ^V^^ to be deli- 
rious; roam about; ("sprawp etc J 
to draw to. •^k'^ round-about way. 

majatellczek ^ small fortune, pro- 
perty; small possession, estate. 
•-k 'y fortime, property; posses- 
sion, estate. 

majdan "? meeting- place; place 
of arms; timber-yard. ^ " 

majeranfek) ^ fbotj majoram. 

majestat "^ ('fig J majesty; throne, 
•ycznie ^} majestically, •y* 
cznosc^, majesty, majesticness. 
•-yczny ? majestic. 

majetnilie «p richly, with fortune. 
•-OSC^, landed pr'operty, estate, 
manor. *.y ^ wealthy; rich. 

maik'^^wie^ictc^May; ('zoj meloe, 
oil-beetle. 

major '^ CmilJ major, -owa % 
major's wife. -.6wna ^, major's 
daughter, '^ostwo ^ majorate; 
major and his wife. -'SMf ma- 
jor's. -•'Stwo'Jmajorship, majorate. 

majorat 'y majorat, primogeniture. 

maill6wka ^, Czo.J meloe; fbot.J 
marsh-marigold; fzabawa) May- 
party, -owy ^,pf May, May . . . 

majstller^ overseer, foreman. *rO- 
stwo " craftsmanship. *.rowa^, 
foreman's wife, •-rowski " fore- 
man's; perfect, masterly. 

majtek ^ sailer, mariner. 

maitki pi. , (bathing-)drawer8 pU 

max ^ (botj poppy ; * polny, field- 
poppy; (fig. J jak •-iem zasiai, 
quite still. 

maka ^, meal; ffig.J nie bpdzie z 
tej maki chleba, that won't do. 

makaron "^ macaroni, vermicelli, 
-iczny ^ (w liUraturzeJ maca- 
ronic ; wiersz ~ ^ ; jnacaronic. 
•-ik ™ macaroon, -vizm T maca- 
ronic (expression). •'Owy" maca- 
ronic, made of macaroni. 

makata^, precious carpet. 



102 makofagwa 

makolagwa <", Com.j linnet. 

makllowiny pi-, husks of poppy. 
-6wka*; poppy-liead. -.owy ^ 
papaverous. 

makrela^, fzo.J mackerel. 

maksyma*", maxim, principle." 

makuch "^ oil-cake. 

makuia*', blot, spot. 

makulatura ^, waste-paper. 

malacMt "^ (min.J malachite. 

malallrnia ^, academy of painting; 
studio, -i^rski^'painter's.^.rstwo \ 
painting. *.rz ^ painter; house- 
painter. 

malellc'^ little boy; pigmy, -.c""? 
to become smaller, diminish. 
«^nki ^ very small, petty, tiny, 
-'nko ^'^ pettily, smally ; j)o ^.nku, 
very slowly, •'iistwo "J little thing, 
bagatelle; infancy; z -.nstwa, 

j from infancy. ^ fpear. 

maigorzatka ^, kind of hasting- 

maligna^, burning (violent) fever. 

malinlla ^, raspberry, -.iak ^, 
raspberry-bush; raspberry-wine, 
•-owy ^ raspberry . . . 

maimazya^, (winoj malmsey. 

mato <^? little; a few; po main, 
slowly; o ~ CO nie byt zahity, he 
was near to be killed, -*.dusznosc ^, 
pusillanimity, -^-duszny " faint- 
hearted, pusillanimous, -vletni " 
minor, under age. •-letnosc *", 
minority, -^mdwnosc *i sparing- 
ness of words, ^-mowny" sparing 
of words, laconic, -.sc ^, little- 
ness, smallness , fewness ; infancy ; 
(fig.) narrowness. 

malowallc^^ paint; to lay on rouge; 
(fig J to represent; -.c na szkle, to 
anneal, •.nie ^ painting, •.ny ^ 
painted; (fig. J nominal, mode. 

maiowazllenie " vid. lekcewazenie. 
•-nose ^,inconsiderableness.*.nyf 
inconsiderable, unessential. 

malowllidlo "i picture, -.niczo <*p 
picturesquely, •'iiiczy f pictu- 
resque. 

inatplia^, fzo.J monkey, ape; Cfig-J 
very hideous person. •'CCzka^i 



manuskrypt 

little monkey. -*i f- monkey's^ 
monkey . . . *.iarstwo, ^owanie ♦ 
aping, mimicry, ^-iarz ™ mimic, 
aper. -.owac ^^ to ape, mimic, 
•-ozwierz "? ('zoj maki. 

maluilclmy, -^czki " tinny, very 
small, ••czko ^^ a little; for a 

maly ^ little, small. [while. 

matz ^ Crustaceous animal 

malzllenski " matrimonial, con- 
jugal, -enstwo "l marriage ; matri- 
mony. -fc'Onek'^ husband, consort, 
mate, •-onka ^, wife, spouse, 
consort. ^^ 

mamlla *",mama,mamma,-.czyc"?? 
to nurse; to be nurse, •-czyn *? of 
a nurse, -.in ^ mama's, -••'ka^, 
nurse. 

mamillc ""f to deceive, ensnare, 
juggle. •'Ciel'^ deceiver, ensnarer, 
juggler, -.dio" glamour, jugglery, 
-"enie "J imposture, juggle. 

mamona^, mammon, riches pi. 

mamrotac '^" to grumble, mutter. 

mamut "^ (^zoj mammoth. 

manatki pi., one's goods and 

mandat ",' mandate. [chattels. 

manekin "^ lay-figure, manikin. 

manela^, armlet, bracelet. 

manewr "? manoeuvre. 

manez "^ manage, riding-school.' 

mania ^, mania, madness. 

manierka^, Cfiaszkaj canteen". 

manierliny ^ mannerly, civil, po- 
lite, -vyj^i., mannerliness, civility. 

manilifest "^ manifesto ; pro- 
tcst(ation). 'wpulacya *", manipu- 
lation; proceeding, •-pularz ^ 
Cubioru k-iie.dzaj maniple. 

maiiklla *", left hand ; z manki kogo 
zazyc, to play one a trick, to cir- 
cumvent. *.tit ^ left-hander. 

mankiet '^ ruifle. 

manna ^, dew of heaven; manna. 

manowiec "^ round-about way. 

mantelzak, vid. matelzak. 

mantyllczyc ^V to grumble, growt 
-'ka "^ grumbler. 
mantyla*", mantelet, 
manuskrypt "5 manuscript. 



mapa 

mapa'', map. - [fancy.. 

mara^, phantom, vision; chimera, 

marcliiiew *■, (bot.J carrot. -*wia- 
ny " carrot . . . •.wisko ^, field 
of carrots. 

marcllowka ^, March - cliicken ; 
water from March-snow, •-owy^ 
March ... 

marcypan '^ almand icing". 

marena*^ Czo.J muraena. 

marglliel "^ marl, -lowac ^? to 
marl, -wlowy ^ marly. 

margines \ margin. 

margrahlia ^, margrave. *.ina^, 
margravine. .».ski f relating to 
a margrave or to a margravate. 
•-stwo "I margravate. 

marka^, fmonetaj mark; fznak) 
mark , trade - mark j (pocztowa) 
postage-stamp. 

xnarkier "^ marker, waiter. 

markieta'^n "^ sutler, -.nka^, fe- 
male sutler, -vnski ?■ sutler's, 
•-nstwo 7 sutler's trade. 

Xnarkiz ^ marquis. *.a^, awning, 
-^-owa ^, marquise, marchioness, 
•^owstwo ^ marquisate. 

Xnarkotnli'ie, -O «? morosely, pee- 
vishly; -*«o mi to, it grieves^ me. 
*-y ^ morose, peevish. 

marmelada^, marmalade. 

marmur "^ marble; kopalnia -^u, 
marble- quarry. '*,ek'^ ^narzpdziej 
marble -rubber; marble -paper; 
fzoj black- fox; fox's skin. *.ko- 
wac ^?^ to marble, vein, -.ko- 
wanie ^ marbling, -.kowy ^ 
marbly, marbled, -^nik '^ marble- 
cutter. •'OWac ^f to inlay with 
marble{-plates). -vowanie ^ in- 
laying with marble, •-owany ^ 
marmoraceous. «*owy ^ marble, 
marmoreal. 

marnllie ^^ miserably, •-iec "V^ to 
become poor, miserable ; linger, 
perish. •.OSC ^, perishableness; 
nothingness, ^otrawca^ squan- 
derer, lavisher. •-otrawic '^'^ to 
waste, squander, •-otrawiiy ? 
prodigal, lavish, •-otrawstwo " 



ma§ci6 



103 



lavishing, dissipation, •-owac, vid. 
marnotraiolc. •^y^ perishable ; null, 

mar Oder, vid. viaruder. [invalid, 

marsowy ? martial; warlike. 

marsz ^ march ftez muz.). 

marszalllek"^ marshal ; --ek f^^yorw, 
court-marshal, ^vkowski " mar- 

, shal's. •'kowstwo "J marshalship. 

marszczllenie " folding; (brwij 
wrinkliug.-».ka *", fold, plait. •.yc'"* 
to fold, plait; fczoloj to wrinkle, 
to knit the brows. *yc sif T *<> 
knit the brows. 

martwilic^f^ to grieve, vex ; Ccialo) 
to mortify, chastise. *.ic si§ ^f 
to grieve, be grieved; mortify. 
-*-iec "^ to become insensible, 
mortify. *.osc ^, insensibility, 
want of feeling, •-ota ^, inani- 
mateness, lifelessness. •.y " in- 
animate, lifeless; (fig.) inane, 
without expression; benumbed. 

maruda IJ grumbler. [rauding. 

maruder ^ marauder, •.ka ^, ma- 

marulidnosc ^, moroseness. -*.dny "? 
morose, peevish, -dzic ^? to 
dawdle, loiter. 

mary pi., hearse. 

maryasz "^ (gra w kartyj marriage. 

marynallrka ^, marine, navy; 
monkey - coat. *.rski " naval ; 
marine, •^rstwo ^ nautical know- 
ledge. m.TZ '^ marine, mariner. 

marynllata *i pickle, -^owac '"f 
to marinate, pickle. [pet. 

maryonetka ^, wire-puppet, pup- 

marzana*; Chot.j madder. 

Marzec "^ March. 

marzilenie 'J dreaming; dreamery. 



-yc 



t6 dream; dream on; 



y viit sif, he dreams, -•-yciel '7 
dreamer. 

marznllac "^^ to freeze, congeal; 
feel cold; •^ie, it freezes. •-ienie 7 
freezing. 

marzyca^* button-weed. 

masa ^, mass ; fw konkuraie) as- 
sets pl.f bankrupt's estate, mass. 

masllc *", salve, ointment; fkonij 
colour; (w kartachj smt. -cic '^^ 



104 



mascisty 



to anoint, embalm, -►cistyf oily, 
unctuous; (o koniachj having the 
same colour. 

masielniczka, vid. maslniczl-a. 

maskila *", mask ; masker. •-arada *", 
mask-ball, masquerade, •-owac "" 
to mavsk, disguise. -*. «> si^^'X (fiQ-J 
to disguise oneself, mask. ««o- 
wy ^ masked. 

maslacz " fwino) first press. 

maslilak ^ kind of mushroom, 
•-anka ^, buttermilk. -»any " 
made of butter; (fig. J buttery, 
weak, •-arka *", butter-woman. 
••arz "^ butter -man. •-nica *", 
churn, -^-niczka *", butter ^ box. 
•^-ny ^ butter . . . 

maslo " butter.*.waty ^ yellowish ; 
(fig. J weak, buttery. 

mason "^ free mason. 

masowac ^^ to shampoo. 

mastyklls ^, mastic. *owiec '^ 
(hot.) mastic-tree. 

masywny ^ massive, solid. 

maszerowac ^f (mil.J \p march. 

maszkara*", mask; very hideous 
person, malkin. [masted. 

maszt "^ (okretiij mast, -^owy ^ 

masztalerz '^ master of the horse. 

maszynlia *", vid, machina. <*erya *", 
machinery. *.ista ^ mechanist, 
machinist. *.ka ^, — do kawy, 
coffee-machine. [mate. 

mat "J (w szachach) mate, check- 

mata*; mat. 

matai-lC, vid. mataczyc. •-ctWO ^ 
fraudulence; humbug. -».cz '^ de- 
ceiver, swindler. »<czyc '" to 
swindle, deceive, -^nina ^, en- 
tanglement; fraudulence. 

matador '^ matadore; person of 
rank. 

matllczyn ? maternal, motherly, 
•'ecznik ^ lair; ovary; cell of 
the queen-bee. 

matedora, vid. matador. 

matelzak ^ portmanteau. 

matematyllczny " mathematical. 
-*k '^ mathematician. •ka *» 
mathematics. 



mebelek 

materac ^ mattress, -.yk*^ small 
mattress. „ 

materylla*", matter, subject; stufT; ■■ 

matter, pus. -.ai ^, material, ^ 

materials pi.-, -*.al budulcowy, 
timber, buiMing-materials. •.ali- 
Sta™ materialist ; grocer. -alizm™ 
materialism.-.alnie'^? materially, 
-"alnosc'", materiality. *alny ^ 
material; silken. -«jka^, poplin. 

matklla^, .mother; (vulg. J old wo- 
man, -obojca '^ matricide. *o- 
b6jczy"matricidal. -wobdjstwo » 
matricide. 

matnia ^ net-bag ; (fig.J trap, snare. 

matrona^, matron. 

matrykuta^, register, roll. 

matullla, -^nia ^, dearly beloved 
mother. 

mawiac ^^ to say; uso to say. 

maz ^, grease (for carriages) ; tar. 

maz "^ man; husband; U6 za ^, 
to marry. 

mazailc ^^ to wipe (away), eSace; 
besmear, soil, -^c sie ^T (^o dzie- 
ciachj to weep, cry ; to be effaced. 
'*'llilia *i scrawl, scribbling. 

mazepa*^ bawler, crier. 

mazgalic ^^ to tarnish, dirt. *,ic 
sie ^X to weep, cry, squeak, •.j '^ 
noodle, simpleton; sloven, grimy 
fellow; squeaker, -^jowaty" clum- 
sy, coarse. *.jstwo ',' blockishness, 
clumsiness. 

mazillarnia ^, tar- hut. -.arz "I 
dauber. *.dlo ^ grease; salve, 
"^-sty " greasy; tarry. 

maznica^, grease-box. 

mazurek'^ mazurka; kind of cake. 

mchowy ^ mossy. 

mdlllec ^'/ to faint, swoon away. 
-enie" fainting, ^ic ^^ to debili- 
tate, weaken; m.i mnie, I feel 
sick, qualmish. 

m.dii|o '^f faintly, feebly; -.q mi 
jest, I feel qualmish, •-osc *", 
qualmishness, nausea ; weakness, 
-^y " feeble, faint; weak, 

me ^^^V' = ''^'^oje, pi. od moj. 

mebllen pi^ce of furniture. *elek '5 



meblowa^ 

small piece of furniture, -.lo- 

to 



8l§ 



wac ^f to furnish. • 
furnish. 

hiecenas ™ lawyer; (fig.) patron 
of art and letters. 

mecll ^ moss; (na roslinach i na 
brodziej down. 

mechanidcznie ^? mechanically. 
*czny " raechanic(al). -*k ^ 
mechanician, mechanist. *ka*i 
mechanics, •.zm ^" mechanism. 

xn§CZl|amia ^, torture, pang, tor- 
mont. -vennica*", martyr; fbotj 
passion - flower. , ^enniczka ^, 
-'Gnnik ™ martyr, •.enski *? tor- 
turing; martyr's; Tcorona m,enskSi, 
crown of martyrdom. *enstwo ',' 
martyrdom, •-yc "^^ to pain, tor- 
ture, torment ; martyr, excruciate. 
•-yc si§ ^r to be fatigued; be 
tormented, •.yciel " harasser, 

meczet '^ mosque. ftormenter. 

medal "^ medal. *.ik "^ small me- 
dal; medallion, •.ion "^ medallion, 
•'llik ^ medallist. 

mfdel, vid. mcndd. 

medoweszka ^, crab-louse, w 

medrl'ek "^ wiseacre, •-kowac ^ 
to subtilize, criticise. *.kowstwo " 
pretended wisdom, ^-szy, comp. 
od madry. ^zec "^ sage, philo- 
sopher, ifc-zec ^^^ to become wise. 

medyllcyna *", medicine, -.czny ^ 
medical, -k "^ physician. 

mfka ^, pain, torture, torment; 
■mpki piekielne, pains of hell. 

melancholilla ^, melancholy. 
-•Cznosc ^, melancholiness. 

«*czny ^ melancholy, -'jnie, 
-^-Cznie "? melancholically. -.k '^ 
melanrholiac. *.zowac ^^ to 
melancholise. 

melas "^ molasses pi. 

metcie, vid. vdelenie. 

ineldllowac ^'" to announce. m,m. 
sie 
wy^ 
book. 

melisila ^, (l>ot.J melissa, balm. 
•-OWy " of balm, melissa . . . 



'^'^ to report oneself, •-unko- 
•'Unkowa ksiaika, advice- 



mgiczyzna 105 

inelod3r1!a \ melody, -^jnosc <i 
melodiousness, 'vjny ? melodious. 

melon ^ Chot.J melon. 

memoryat ^., memoir, memorial. 

mendel ^ fifteen, head of fifteeo 
sheaves. 

mendoweszka, vid. mfdoweszka. 

mennilica *\ mint. *.ctwo " coinage, 
•-czy ^ of mint, mint . . . ; stopa 
-cza, standard. 

menuet ^ minuet. . ^ 

merdac ^^ ogonem, to wag its tail. 

merkuryilalny ^ mercurial, -vnsz "J 
mercury. 

mesllki " /^Sfram.^ masculine; man- 
ful, manly.*.kosc *imasculinencss, 
manhood ; manliness , manful- 
ness. •-two'J manliness, bravery, 
courage. 

mesyasz "7 Messiah. 

meszka^, spring-tail. 

meszne ^ mass-penny. 

meszty pl-i bluchers pi., half- 
boots pi. [lees pL, sediment. 

met ^ (czesciejj -^ypL, grounds j)^, 

meta^, aim, bound, butt. 

metafizyllczny ^ metaphysical. 
•.k"J metaphysician, -^ka*", meta- 
physics. 

metafora^, metaphor. 

metaH metal. *urgia ^, m etallurgy, 

metamorfoza ^, metamorphosis. 

metempsychoza *", metempsycho- 

meteor ",' meteor. [sis. 

metnli'osc ^ muddiness, turbid- 
ness; fwinaj greasiness. ^.y *? 
muddy, turbid. ' 

metiloda^, method. •'Odycznie«j> 
methodically. •-odycznosc , 
methodics, methodism. *ody- 
czny ? methodic(al). 

metr '^ fmiaraj metre. *yczny ? 

metresa^, mistress. [metric(al). 

metropoliilta^metropolitan.-vtal- 
ny " metropolitan. 

metryka ^, certificate of baptism j 
register, roll. 

mewa^, (orn.J mew. 

mezatka^, married woman. 

mezczyzna ^ man, male pers'oi? 



106 



m^zme 



zn§i;n||ie ^ manly, manfully, 

bravely. *.iec ^ to arrive at 

puberty; to become manly. -.osc ^, 
manliness, bravery, •.y ^ man- 
ful, infinly. 

in§2;(iiiri>6ica™manslayer.».'b6jczy f 
homiciaal. •.bbjczyni ^, liomicide. 
«*b6jstwo "I manslaughter, homi- 
cide. •'WsM" marital, husband's. 

m^zulek ^ dearly beloved hus- 
band. 

mgia^, mist; fog. *.wica^, (aatr.) 
nebula. *.wy " foglike 

mglillc sif "^r to get foggy, be 
foggy. •.fitO ^^ — na dworze, it 
is foggy, ^stosc ^, fogginess, nebu- 
lousness. -^sty^ nebulous, foggy. 

mgnllac"*^^ ^czewi^ to move quick, 
twinlile; ~~ oTciem, to twinkle 
■with the eye. •.ieniel twinkling; 
to *ieniu oka, on the spot, in- 

mi ^^T" <^<^t- od ja. [stantaneously. 

xniac "^f" to crumple, rumple. 

xniatklli ^ shallow, flat; Cfig-J 
superficial, feeble-minded; pow- 
dery; <^i cukier, powder-sugar. 
ArOSC^t shallowness; superficial- 
ness, superficiality. 

Sniano'J name; property, goods pZ 
-•wac ' 
--wanie 

ment. -.wicie "p namely, viz ( = 
videlicet); particularly, ^-wnik™ 
(gram.) nominative. 

Xniarlla ^, measure; pot, quart; 
moderation ; (w prozodyij metre; 
zadnq, -v^, by no means; wzia6 
<*.§ Cna surdut etc.), to take a per- 
son's measure (for). *.ka ^, sm^ll 
measure (for dry goods); shot- 
charger, •'iowac'"" to moderate ; 
mark, note. •. *. sif ^r to compose 
oneself. •.OYry " metric(al). 

miasteczko "J small town, market- 

miasto " town. [town. 

miasto ^'^ instead of. 

miauczellc'"? to mew. -vnie" mew. 

miaz T bigness, thickness. 

miazga *", (hotj alburnum, sap; 



"^f to nominate, appoint, 
nomination, appoint- 



inigkn|6 

miazszllec ^^ to thicken? «'Osc^« 
thickness, compactness; density. 



mi^ 



a 



accus. od ja. 



chyle; pulp 



miec ^7 to have, possess; hold; 

(kogo za . , J to think, take one 
for ... ; jak sie masz ? how are you? 
how do you do? mam list do na- 

pisania, I have a letter to write ; 
^ wstrpff odrazp do^ to abhor, 
~ si§ Cdobrze, zlej, to be (well, ill). 

miech "^ bag, sack ; (pair of) bel- 

miecielica*; strong gale. [Iowa. 

miecz "^ sword; male line; po *.u, 
on the father's side, -v^ik "^ 
sword-cutler, furbisher ; sword- 
bearer; fryhaj saw -fish, •.ni- 
kowstwo " office and dignity ot 
the sword-bearer. *owy " Unia 
•-owa, male line ; zakon - *, order 
of the sword, -^-yk"^ smallsword; 
fbot.J flower-de-luce, iris. 

miednica ^, washhand - basin ; 
fanat.J pelvis 

mi^dlillQ '^^ ClenJ to brake. *-ca *", 
flax-brake. 

miedz^, copper; small coin. 

miedza*", green balk, ridge. 

miedzillak "^ copper coin, -any " 
copper, brassy. •.or3rt ^ copper 
plate, engraving. «^styf coppery. 

mifdzy ^^^. between, among, 
-^morze "! isthmus. 

miejsclle 7 place; room, space; 
^c?/«aO passage; employment, of- 
fice, -vownik^ Cgram.J locative. 
•^-OWOSC *", locality. *.owy ? local. 

miejski f townish, town -like; 
municipal. 

mi§kczllec, migknac "^f to soak, 
mellow; Cf.g.J to soften, relent. 
*,yc '^f to soak, mellow; (fig.^ 
to soften, touch. [lobe, 

miekisz "^ (u owocuj pulp, pith ; 

miekllkawy " softish, -^ki " soft, 
tender; (fig.) mild; efleminate. 
-^-ko "'} softly, tenderly ; weakly ; 
jaja na *.ko, soft-boiled eggs. 
-^kosc ^, softness, tenderness; 
, (fig.) mildness, ^-nac, vid. mi§kczec. 



mielcarz 

mielcllarz ^ maltman, maltster, 
•-ticll ^ malt-kiln. 

mielllf ^''f od mle6. '^enle ^ grin- 
ding. MWO "J grist. 

mielllizna*", shallow place, shoal, 
sands pi. «^uchny ^ very fine, 
very subtile, very finely powdered. 

mielszy, comp. od viiatki. 

mieniac ^^ to change, exchange. 
•- sie "^r to truck. 

mienillC^? C^ogo .nvymprzyjadcUm) 

' to call (a person a friend); to 
think, esteem. *.c sie ""V (o ma- 
ieryij to change colours; fczemj 
to pass oneself off (for). 

mienie " property, goods pi. 

mieniony ^ changeable (colour). 

mientus, vtd. viietus. 

miernillctwo ^ geodesy, surveying, 
-^czy^geodetical; p^t ~ ^, mete- 
wand, ^czy ^ land - surveyor, 
measurer. 

miernilie '^^ middling, tolerably. 
-^-OSC ^, moderation ; fw jedzemu 
i piciuj abstemiousness, absti- 
nence; mediocrity, raiddlingness. 
#*-Ota *i mediocre work ; foaoha) 
mediocrity. *.y ^ mediocre, 
middling, indifferent. 

mierzchnac ""^ to grow dusky, 
'mierzenie'" measuring. 

mierZ'iaczka \ disgustfulness, 
aversion, -.ic '"'^ fkomu coj to 
disgust a person with ; *.ic sohie 
CO, to be disgusted with; to mnie 
mierzi, I feel an aversion to it. 
•'liac '"? to become hated, odious. 

mierzwlla \ dung, manure. -,ic ^" 
to dung, manure 

mierzyc ^'i^? to measure ; (do) to 
aim, take aim at . . . 

mierzyna^, middle-sized horse. 

miesc, vid. miotac. 

jniescic "^ to place, lodge ; (w so- 
hiej to contain, hold. -*. sie "^f 
(w czemj to contain; be lodged; 
(iig.) to sie w jego glowie nie mie- 
ici, it passes his comprehension. 

xniescina \ small town, market- 
town. 



migta 107 

miesi!lac*i; month ; moon, -^aczek"? 
glory, "halo, -^aczka^, menses jsl., 
menstrual flux, •-acznica^* da- 
me's violet, rocket, -.^czne ^ 
monthly -wages, monthly allows 
ance. •-^^cznie ^^ monthly 
-^-eczny ^ in.onthly. ' 

miesic '^^ to Enead. 

miesiliStosc *", fleshiness ; ^m owocu, 
pulpousness. -.sty ^ fleshy, mea- 
ty; Co oxvocu) pulpous, pulpy. 
^-WO "I butcher-meat, meat. "^ 

miesniczek "^ (zo.j blue-bottle. 

miesllny'^ fleshy ; flesh . .., meat ...; 
dzien ^ ^, meat-day ; po/raiwa *.iia, 
flesh-meat,animalfood. ^vo" meat; 
flesh; ^ou;ocii jpulp; dzifrie-vOjproud 
flesh. *opust™ Shrovetide ; carni- 
val, Shrove-Tuesday. -»opilstny ? 
carnival . , . ; niedziela •-opustna, 
sexagesima. -^ozerca ^ flesh- 
eater, •.ozerny " carnivorous. 

mieszallc "^^ to mix, mingle ; con- 
found, entangle; fkogoj to put a 
person out of countenance, to 
discompose; (kartyj to shuffle. 
•"C sie "^T (do czegoj to meddle 
with, interfere with, intermediate. 
••nie 7 mixing, mixture, •.nie 
sie " interference, intervention, 
-niec'; hybrid, mongrel. -»nina *i 
mixture, medley ; hotch-potch ; 
(zhoze.) maslin. *.nka^, (dla by* 
dtaj mash. -*,ny" mixed, mingled 

mieszczjianin "^ citizen, towns" 
man ; commoner, /vanski ^' of a 
citizen; common, •-anstwo » 
right of citizens, citizens pl.^ 
townspeople, •-ka ^,. (feluale) 
citizen, commoner's woman, girl 
of the middle class, ^^uch. ^ 
CpogardliwieJ commoner. 

mieszek *? (small) bagy small 
bellows; fhot.J follicle. 

mieszkallc "^f to dwell, Jive, re- 
side, abide. •'Iny " habitable; 
dam ~ ~, dwelling-house. <».iiie « 
dweUing, habitation, *.niec "^ 
•.nka^, inhabitant.^ 

migta*", fbotj mint. 



108 



inietelnica 



mietelnilica, mietlica *", (lot.) hair- 
grass ; (female) rope - dancer, 
acrobat, "^-ctwo ^ acrobation. 
-%-Czy " acrobatic, --k ™ rope- 
dancer, acrobat. 

mietosic ^f to ruflfle, rumple. 

mi§tus/^ (ryha) cull. 

miewac ^'^ to use to have. ^ sie ^f 
(dohrze, He) to be (well, ill); ;a& 
sie mieioasz? how are you? 

miez, vid. mmK. 

miezdrzyc ^'f to flesh out.' 

xnig "^ twinkling, -^i pL, language 
by signs, eye language, •■ac '^V' 
(czem) to dazzle. *.ac ^'^ •-ac sie ^f 
to flare; Co gwiazdach) to twinkle; 
glitter, glisten. -%.ac, -^nac '^V' (''">('' 
kogoj to beckon to, nod to. '^ailie^ 
dazzling, twinkling 

migdal '^ almond, -owy " al- 

inigi, vid. mig. ' [mond . . . 

migotalic ^f -"C sie T to twinkle. 
*nie " twinkling.'' 

migrena^, Cmed.) megrim. 

mijac ^?!* to pass by, pass over; 
fprzyladek) to double ; pass (over), 
neglect to mention ; avoid, shun ; 
(o czasiej to pass (away) ; kara 
cie nie ndnie, you will not escape 
a penalty; nagroda ci§. nie minie, 
you can bo sure of a reward. 
•► si§ ^r C^ ^^'>^) to cross one an- 
other; pass by; ~ sip z prawda^ 
to swerve from the truth. 

mika ^, fmin.) mica, Muscovy glass. 

mikolaiek "^ fbot.) eryngo. 

mikroskop "5 magnifying- glass, 
microscope. 

mikstura ^, mixture ; drugs pi. 

mila *", mile ; francuska -., league. 

xnilczilacy f silent, tacit, •ec '^V' 
to be*silent, hold one's tongue, 
•-enie "J silence ; quietness, tran- 
quillity; -veniem i>0TOinac', to pass 
over in silence, ^-kiem ^ in si- 
lence, silently. 

I3lile "■} courteously, kindly ; agree- 
ably, [oneself with . . . 

Eiilic sif "^r (komu) to ingratiate 

milicya ^, militia. 



' ministrowski 

milion"!? million, ^^er"^ millionaire, 
•'Owy "? millionth; millionary; 
million-peopled; ^ ^ pan, millio- 
naire. 

milkn%c '''? to grow dumb ; abate. 

milo ^? agreeably ; ~ mi. . . , I am 
glad to . . . 

mitosllc *", .love;^ ^c wlasna, self- 
love. ••oiwGSC^, favour, grace; 
Wasza ^ciwosc, Your Grace, •-ci- 
wy " gracious 

miiollsierdzie "J compassion, mer- 
cy, mercifulness, ^-sieruy ? com- 
passionate, merciful, •-snica ^, 
concubine.* •-snik "^ amateur, 
fancier; fhot.) amaranth, •-sny f 
love. . . ; full of love; liScik -%. *, 
billet-doux; list — , love-letter. 
-^stkiiJ^., love-affairs pZ.^-wac^? 
to love. 

mity ^ dear, beloved ; agreeable. 

mily; "^ darling 

mimillcznie <^*? mimically. -*.czny ? 
mimic. -*.k "^ mime, mimic. «*ka ', 
mimics.. 

mimo ^? by ; puicic kogo --, to let 
one pass. -» ^^ in spite of, not-| 
withstanding; near. -•'CllodeiQ, 
'•'jazdem ^} by the way 

mimowolnliosc ^, in voluntariness. 
•»y ^ involuntary. 

mina*", mien, look, countenance; 

minac, vid. mijad. \(mil.) mine. 

minaret ^ minaret. 

mincatirski " coining..., mint... 
•-rstwo 7 coinage. *.rz "^ coiner. 

minerallt "IJ mineral. *.lny ^ mi- 
neral; kabinet *~, collection of 
minerals, --log "^ mineralogist. 
•'logia <; mineralogy. *logiczny ? 
raineralogic(al). 

minia^, (chem.) minium. 

miniatulira <; miniature. --rzysta"^ 
miniaturist. 

minier '^ miner, mine-digger. 

miniony f past. 

ministller '^ minister, •rsrstwo ^ 
ministry, ^-eryalny ^ ministerial, 
-'eryum "J ministry. -.rowsM ? 
minister's, ministerial.. 



minka 

jninka'^ mien, countenance. 

minstrel ^ minstrel. 

ininog 'V (river-)lamprey. 

rainutila^, minute, -nik'^ minute- 
band. «^owy ^ minute. 

Xnilldd ^ honey; mead, metheglin. 
'^odnik ^ (hot.) nectary, honey 
cup. -odny " honeyed. 

mipdOiiplynny ^ mellifluent ; (fig.) 
honeyed. *.sok '^ (hot.) honey- 
flower.«.warnia *", apiary. -..wnik'^ 
honey -cake, -wy " honeyed, 
honey... ; ~ ^ 7n?esiac, honeymoon. 

xniodunka ^, (hot) ox -tongue; 
lungwort. 

xniot "i; cast, throw. *.ac ^^ to 
cast, throw; CczemJ to swing, 
brandish; fobelgij to throw out; 
(kimj to shake, •-anie si§ "J jac- 
tation, -.etka^, whisk, clothes- 
brush, •-ta *i broom, besom; {botj 
hairgress. *,larz ^, broom-maker, 
broom-man, -.lisko ^ bad broom. 

iniotto " Cfig.J sport, game. 

mir "^ peace; respect, esteem. 

mirila ^, (hot) myrrh, -owy ^ 
myrrhic. 

inirt "IJ (hot.) mirtle. *.owy f 
myrtle . . ., myrtiforra. 

mislla*", terreen, platter, -.eczka*", 
small dish, saucer. «.ka^, dish, 
bowl. 

misiurka ^, (u TieJi^mM^ beaver, visor. 

mistemliosc*', artificialness, fine- 
ness. <«.y ^ artificial, artful, fine. 

\nistrz ^ master; Wielki ~ (krzy- 
zakow), Grand-Master. -wQWStwo" 
virtuosity, masterliness; master- 
ship, -owski ^ masterly. -%.yni^, 
mistress. 

aiistyilcznie "•^ my stically.-*.czny f 
mystic(alj. -^k "^ mystic. 

misylla *", mission, -.onarski ^ 
•-onarz "^ missionary. 

initologril'a *", mythology, ^czny? 
mythoiogic(al). 

mitra^, mitre. 

mitrf llga ''t delay, loss of time; 
'oiterer, dawdler, -zny " laggard. 
^-zyc "^f to loiter, dawdle; »>^ 



mlody 



109 



Jcomu ezas, to dawdle a person's 

time, 
mizantrop "^ --ka ^, misanthropist, 

misanthrope. *.ia^. misanthropy, 
mizerllactwo ^ poorness; poor 

man ; the poor, -.ak "^ poor man. 



poor fellow, -^nie 



poorly, 



miserably; tcygladac ^ ^, to look 
wretched, poorly. -*niec ^^ to 
grow meagre, get lean. *.ny ?■ 
meagre, slender; poor, miserable. 
•-Ota*", poorness, miserableness. 
-ya *i poorness; cucumber (saladj. 

mizgus ^ wheedler, beau. 

mklliy ^ fugitive, --nac ^T to hasten 
away, pass (away).'' ' 

mlaskac *'V' to smack; to kiss 
with a sharp noise; (na konie) 

mlec ^? to grind. [to crack. 

mlecz ™ marrow; down of the 
cheek; ^Z>o<.^ wolf's milk; ^ribif 
milt; ^ ciel^cy, sweet-bread; ~ j?a- 
cierzowy, spinal marrow, •-ak 'J 
milter. 

mleczllarka ^^ milkmaid, milk- 
woman, •-amia^, dairy, milk- 
factory, -.asty * milky, -ko "! 
milk. *nica *', (bot,) milkwort. 
-vno "? milkily. *.nosc^, milki- 
ness, lactescence. -.ny " milky; 
(chem.) hacteal ; milk-white, milk- 
coloured; (astr.) *.na droga, 
galaxy, -vysty " yielding much 
milk; milky, -.ywo "J products 
of the dairy. _ 

mllleko "J milk; kwasne ~ ^, curdled 
milk, -.ewo, *iwo " grist. 

mtocba^, the corn thrashed out. 

mtilocek'7 thresher, thrash jr. -.6- 
clc ^" to thrash, thresh, -*ocka ^t 
thrashing. *'-'rnia^, thrashing- 

mtode ^ young. [machine. 

mtodka^, young Voman; heifer. 

miodl'niec '^^ to grow young again. 
^0 «^ youthfully; -^o wygiadac^ 
to look young, ^-ociany" youth* 
ful. -.CSC*", youth, -sza*', cham- 
ber-maid, -.y ^ young ; za -^n, from 
one's youth, when young; jpan .*.y, 
bride-groom; panna *.a, bride* 



110 



mlodz 



middz*", the youths. 

miodzian "^ youth, young man. 
'^-Idpl.j Innocents' day. •.kowyf 
dzien ~~, Innocents' day. 

inlodzic ^^ to make young. » 
si§ '^V to grow young again. 

miodzie pi., barm, yeast. / 

mtodziellnczy f youthful, -nia- 
szek "^ very young man, lad. 
^-niec 1 young man, youth, •-z ^, 

• the youths pi. 

mtodzillk "^ very young man; 
novice, -wncliny ^ very young; 
delicate. *."wo ^J beestings, -^zna ^, 
young cattle, younglings pL 

miokos "^ vain youth, hobblede- 
hoy, halfling. 

mlot "^ sledge - hammer ; fzoj 
hammer -fish, ••eczek ™ small 
hammer; (anat.J malleus. *.ek ^ 
hammer; (fig.) isc pod ^^-ek, to 
come (go) to the hammer. 

imtyn "' mill; ~ paron-y, steam- 
mill; ~ wodny, water-mill, -.ar- 
czyk ^ miller's boy, miller's 
assistant. ».arka^, miller's wife, 
-arski ^ miller's, -arstwo ^ 
miller's trade, •^arz '^ miller, 
••ek '^ quern, hand-mill; (gra) 
nine men's morris; moulinet, 
•iec"^ mlyricevi, in a circle, round. 
•^-kowac ^? (zbozej to winnow; 
Ciig.) to veer, tack about. 

miynsM ^ mill . . . ; kamien ~, 
grindstone. 

mna ^T instrum. od ja. 

mnicll "^ monk; water-gate. -.0- 
stWO "J monasticism. •'OWSki, 
mniszy ^ monkish. 

mnie ^^^ gen. dat. & accus. odja. 

mniej "^ less, fewer. *.szec '"V' 
to diminish. -»SZ0SC ^, minority, 
•.szy ^ minor, less; smaller. 

mniemallc '^^ to mean, think, 
•-nie "J meaning, opinion. 

inniszllarz "^ gelder, castrater. 
•ek ^ (hot.) dandelion. *.ka^, 
nun. -i^yc ^^ to geld, castrate. 

Xnnoglli f numerous, multifarious ; 
{gram.J liczla -.a, plural, ^-o "p 



modrzeniec 

much ; in great quantities, -^osc/t 
quantity, multiplicity. 

mnostwo 7 multitude. 

mnozllenie'J multiplication, •.na^, 
multiplicand, •.nik ^ multipli- 
cator, multiplier. *.ny ^ multipli- 
able. -.yc ^" *yc sie ^f to multi- 
ply; increase. 

mobilizowac^f (^mi7.; to mobilise. 

moc \ strength, force; might, 
power; (vulg.) great quantity; 
w ~, na -*.y, by virtue of. *.ar- 
stwo ^ power, empire, •-arz '^ 
lord, ruler; monarch, potentate; 
(famj athlete, -en ?• entitled, 
authorised, •-no "^ much ; vigo- 
rously, energeticly; -».no pada, 
it rains hard. *,ny ? strong, stout. 

mocowal'c si^^r to wrestle, strug- 
gle. *.nie sie" wrestling, struggle. 

mocz '? urine, piss ; ~ puszczac, to 
make water, urine, -^adlo » 
-^ary pi., moor, marsh, -enie » 
soaking; (InuJ steeping, raiting; 
fchemj maceration. «.yc '"V'^ to 
make water; wet, soak; flenj to 
steep; water; fchem.J macerate; 
-yc nogi, to take a foot-bath, 
-^ydto "J raiting-pool. 

moda*", mode, fashion, custom; 
wchodzic w mode, to become a 
fashion, grow into fashion ; royj^c 
z mody, to grow out of fashion. 

model ^ pattern, sample, model. 
'''Owac "f to model, pattern. 

modllia^, standard, rule (of con- 
duct); model, mould. <^ly pl.y 
prayers pi. --lie sie '"]' to say 
one's prayers, -.litewka^, short 
prayer. *.litewnik'^ prayer-book, 
•-litwa^, prayer, -.-liiica^, house 
of prayer, chapel. 

modnlliarka *", milliner, modist, 
*.ie "-p fashionably, •.is T dandy, 
masher, •.y ^ fashionable; stu' 
wac sie *yin, to become a fashion. 

modrllak "^ ChoLJ blue -bottle, 
--awy ^ bluish, light-blue.-^ooki ? 
blue-eyed. «*y ^ dark-blue, azure, 
•-zeniec ^ fbotj larkspur., 



modrzew 
mcdrzew ^j Chotj larch, --iowy f 

larchcn. 

modulacya ^, Cmuz.) modulation, 
modyfikacya ^, modification, 
inodz ^\^ to be able; hyc moze, 

ze..., it is possible that...; czy 

viozesz to uczynic? can you do it? 

nie vioge tego uczynic^ I cannot 



mostowy 



111 



mogacy , able. 



[do it. 



mogiilia^, tomb; grave, -.ki v^-, 
churchyard. [my way. 

3i6j -^^'T niy ; niine; po mojemu, in 

mojzeszowy ^ ^ zakon, Mosaical 
law. Jewish religion. 

moknac "^^ to become wet. 

mokradlilina ^, humid soil. -.lo7 
>)0g. moor. *.la pi., rainy weather, 

mokrilawy " wettish. ^o «? dzisiaj 
.*.0 J ^ it is wet weather today. 
-^OSC ^, wetness, humidity, mois- 
ture, -.y ^ wet, humid, moist. 
*.Z, vid. mocz. -^-zyc, vid. moczyc. 

mol ^ fmuzj minor. 

mol "^ (^ioj moth; ^/i^r.^ sorrow. 

molestowac ^'^ to trouble, molest. 

molik "' i^zo.; mite. 

moioi'dyca ^, young woman, 
'•'dziec ™ young man. 

moment 'i; moment, -.alnie"^ mo- 
mentarily, ^alny " momentary. 

momot "^ stammerer, -.ac ^? to 
stammer, stutter, --liwy^ stam- 
mering. 

monarchlla ^. -^ini ^, monarch, 
'via ^, monarchy, ^-iczny ^ mo- 
narchical. *.izm ^ monarchism. 

monarszy f monarch's; mo- 
narchal. 

monetL'a^, coin; money; Cfigjpla- 
cic komu roxcna <va, to pay a per- 
son in his own coin. -*arny '^ 
mint . . . -*.ny ^ money . . . 

monitor '^ turret-ship, monitor. 

monoliloglj soliloquy, monologue, 
-^-pol ^t monopoly. 

monstrancya^, monstrance, pix. 

montOWily ^ -^a maka, fine flour, 

montwa <; spindle-tree. 

mops "^ pug-dog. *i ^ like a pug- 
dog; *ia tivarz, ugly face. 



m6r "^ plague, pestilence. 

mora ^, moreen (staff); nightmare, 
incubus. 

morag "^ spotted animal, -vowa- 
ty ?■ tabby, chequered. 

mora!|l '^ morality, moral; -.ly 
komu praivic, to lecture a person, 
-'lista "; moralist, •.lizowac '*'? 
to moralize. ^Inosc *i morality, 
morals pi. *.lny "? moral. 

mord'^ murder; massacre, slaugh- 
ter, ^erca*^ murderer, homicide, 
^erczy "^ murderous, deadly. 
«*erstwo.7 muBder, homicide. 
-"Owac "f to murder; torture, 
torment. •-*. sie^f to get fatigued, 
tired. ""[mouth, chaps pi. 

morda ^, muzzle, snout ; (vulg.) 

mordownik"? C^ot.J monk's hood, 
aconite. 

morela^. Clot J kind of plum. 

mores, nauczp go ^, I will teach 
him good manners, how to be- 
have himself. 

morg "i; acre. 

morllowka^, plague-sore, -.owy? 
pestilential. 

morowy ? tabby, clouded (stuff). 

morllski^ maritime, naval; sea...; 
podroz -^ska, voyage.-vszczyzna \ 
products of the sea. 

morus "^ grimy fellow. 

morwa^, mulberry. 

morze ^ sea, ocean ; peine ~, main 
or open sea; puscic sip na *, to 
put to sea, to set sail. 

morzyllc ^" (gtodemj to pinch with 
hunger; (tpsknotej to stifle. *.c 
sie ^r to pinch oneself, -►mord ^7 
(hot.) tormentil. 

mosc *", Wasza Krolewska ~, Your 
Majesty; Wasza fcsi^zjca ~, Your 
Serene Highness. 

mosilladz ^ brass, latten. •.^inik ^7 
brazier, brass-founder, •-^zny * 
brazen, latten; made of brass. 

most "^ bridge ; « zwodzony, draw- 
bridge, *.ek ^ small bridge; 
(anat.) breast-bone ; brisket. «•<)- 
we "I bridge-toIl.*.owy ? bridge.. .j 



112 



moszcz 



pal « -, pier of a bridge, i^owy " 
bridge-maa, bridge-master. 

moszcz "? must. 

moszna \ bag ; scrotunv. 

motllac ""f to reel, wind on a reel, 
^acz"; -&cz3s^9.*, reeler, winder. 
«,ek ^i skein, hank, .^owidio ^ 
reel, tvindiass. 

nioteta^, (tmu.) motet, motette. 

motlocll *; mob. 

motyka^, mattock, hoe. 

motyn butterfly. «»i ^ butterfly. 

motylica^, (io.) plant-louse; (u 
otviecj staggers pi., sturdy. 

mowa^, language, toDgiie J speech; 
talk, discourg3. ~ 

2n6wllca ™ speaker, orator; 
preacher. »>i6 ^" to speak, talk ; 
say; .*»i^, people say, they say; 
-feic za kim, to repeat a person's 
words. »».ienio ^ speaking ; spo- 
s6b ••ienia, manner of speaking, 
locution. *.nica*i plattform, tri- 
bune.».nosc ^ volubility of tongue ; 
loquaciousness, --ny " talkative, 
loquacious. 

mozajkjia ^, mosaic (work), mar- 
quetry. M'OWac ^^ to inlay with 
mosaic,to tesselate.-wowy^mosaic. 

m62dzek '^ (anatj small brain. 

xnozdzierz ^ mortar. <^owy f 
mortar . , . 

moze "? perhaps. '«'bnoB6, vid. 
viozliwoid. «vbliy, vid. mozliwy. 

in6zg "^ brain, --ownica*', ven- 
tricle (of the brain); brains pi. 
'^OWy " brain..., of the brain. 

mozUwIlosc ^, possibility, -.y f 
possible; praticable. 

moznlia «? czy -.a, may 1 ...; jdk 
«*a najapieazniej , as fast as may 
be. *.ie ^^ powerfully, •.o "? it 
is allowed, -.osc *", faculty, power ; 
'possibility, •.y f powerful ; able. 

moinowtalldca ^ aristocrat, oli- 
garch, -dny " aristocratic, oli- 
garchical, -^dztwo " aristocracy, 
oligarchy. 

inozI|61: ™ pains pi, toil, exertiQn ; 
painful work. -^-oUc Big ^r to toil ; 



msza 

•• 9oUeglowe,to rack one's brdas, 
*olny 7 toilsome, painful. 

mrOCZllnosc ^, duskishness; ffig.) 
Badness. *ny f misty, dusky. 
^yt ^? to obscure ; ffig.J eclipse. 
^^ Sie'^r to grow dusky; b€ 
obscured. 

mrok '^ twilight, crepuscule ; ~ie»i, 
at night -fall; ffig.J ^ Smierttlny^ 
dying, death. 

mrowllczany ? formic. *czy f 
aut's. *ie ^ anthill; shudder, 

mrowisko^ anthill, [shivering. 

mrbwl^lla^, ant, emmet, •-ojad'll 
ant-bear, •rolew'? ant-lion. 

mrllciz'^ frost; coldness, chill, 
^ozic ^ to coBgeal. -• *. sif ^ 
to freeze ; to feel cold, '^ozno <*? 
jeat • -« , it is frosty weather. 
«.Oznosc '« frostiness , chilliness. 
*ozny " frosty; cold. 

mruczellc^'??' to murmur, srumblc ; 
-•-C soMe pod nosem, to mutter to 
oneself. *.nie'^ murmuring, mur- 
mur, grumbling 

mrug"^ glimpse, peep. *,iiac,*ai5^ 
to blink, twinkle; -.n%C*'na Icggo^ 
to beckon to a- person. «>aiiie, 
'^nienie^ twinkling, blinking. 

mruczek'y Cgraj blindman's buflf. 

mruk ^ murmuring; grumblerj 
crib-biter, •'liwie <*? grudgingly. 
<»liwOSC ^, morosencss, sulkioess, 
mumpishness. *liwyf^ morose, 
miimpish,suiky.*na;C,w(tninM»e<J. 

mmillenie, vid. mruganie. *y6 ^^ 
to twinkle (with the eyes). 

mrzana^, (ryhaj gudgeon. 

mrzec*'? to die, decease; (g^) 
to pinch oneself; UidzxB w tym 
roku hardzo mr^, this year is a 
time of great mortality. 

mscillc ^? to avenge, revenge. 
*c sif ^r t^ ^^® vengeance , to 
revenge oneself, •-ciel '^ avenger, 
•-cielka*", avengeress. »wo8C K 
rovengefulness. -wy? revengeful, 
vindictive. 

msza^, mass; msz^. odpratoid, to 
say mass; « zadunnaf requiem. 



mszal: 

*1™ mass-book, missal. ^^-Inyf 

missal; ofiara •-Ina, sacrifice of 

the mass. 
mszi'ec ^'^ to be mossed, -ec ^? 

to cover with moss, to moss. 

••ec si§ ^r Co tnateryij to become 

rough, '•'ysty?^ mossy. 
mszyca ^, (zo.j plant-louse ; (l)oi.J 

moth-mulJein. 
mu -"^,' (to) him, (to) it. 
muc'^ CpiesJ cur. 

muchlla ^fly. •.ojadka.'^oiOwka^, 
(zo.J fly-catcher. '*omor'^ (hot.) 
toad-stool. 

mudo "J testicle. 

mudzic, vid. mitrezyc. [slime. 

mui '!^ Czo.J mule; mire, mud, 

mulaiirczyk'" journeyman-mason, 
-^rka *, masonry; mason's wife; 
muleteer's wife, ^-rski? mason's, 
••rstwo',^ masonry. *.rz™ mason; 
wolny ^YZ, freemason. 

muljle" young mule. ^ica*i (fe- 
male) mule, -.nik ",' muleteer. 

millillC, vid. zamulac. -^stOSC ^, 
muddiness. -*.sty " muddy. 

multan",' CmateryaJ mollnton. 

luultanki pi., bag-pipe, shawn. 

inumia*', mummy; (fig. J indolent 
man. 

mundur'^ uniform, regimentalspZ. 
'•'Owac^f to clOithe (soldiers). 

municypalnosc *',magistrate,Com- 
mon Council. [bit. 

munsztuk'; mouth-piece; bridle- 

muntOwy, vid. montowy. 

inur ",' wall; bulwark, defensive 
A'all. *.arz, vid. muLarz. 

mtirawa *, sod, lawn, grass-plot; 
verdure. 

xntiri;ek"J mantel-piece; niche (of 
a wall), •.otom'lj battering-ram. 
•'Owac^?' to wall in, lay bricks, 
build. *.owanie'!I /^cz?/7»no5cV buil- 
ding ; brick -work, building. 
•-owany? brick, bricky; fdomj 
stone-built; Co kartachj winning. 
«v6wka *", brick; ^orn.^ martlet, 
black martin. 

murgrabia '^ castellan. 
Cze^c volsko-anaielsTca 



muzyezny 



IVz 



rnnrzyc^^ to black, smear with 
soot. ■ 

murzylln'^ negro, moor. •Tnek'^ 
young moor; moor's head, -.uka*", 
negress, negro-woman, -.nski? 
negro. 

mus"J necessity; compulsion, cou- 
straint. z «.u, forcedly, con- 
strainedly, -.ic*^^ to force, oblige, 
-^iec ^^'^ to be obliged, be forced ; 
*.ze, I must. 

musrkac, •'iiac^f to stroke, pass 
softly over;" to caress, cajole; 
fsuknoj to calender, dress, ^kac 
sie ^r to trick oneself up. 

muskut, vid. muszkul. 

muslin'^ (tkaninaj muslin. -•O'Wy? 
muslin. 

mustrlla *", (mil.) drill , exercise. 
•'Owac'"'?^ *»•- si§^r to exercise, 
drill, ^-owny ^ well exercised, 
drilled. 

musllowac ^? to froth , sparkle. 
'vUJacy " frothy, nappy. 

muszelka ^, colour-shell. 

muszka ^, a little fly, beauty- 
plaster, patch. 

muszkat, -owiec'^ nutmeg-tree. 
-Oiowy" galka -.olowa, nutmeg. 

muszkatilela ^, ficino) muscadel. 
'^61:ka *i (gmszkaj muscadel, 
musk-pear, -olowy ^ -otowe 
wino, muscadel wine, --otowy 
kwiat, mace. 

muezkief^ musket. *er^ mus- 
keteer, fcular. 

muszkut "^ muscle. -»owy f mu?- 

muszllia *", muscle-shell, mussel, 
••owy? muscle. 

musztardiia *", mustard, -niczka ^^ 
mustard-pot. 

muszy " fly . . . 

muterka*", female screw, nut. 

muteta, fid. moteta. 

muza*i Muse; muse. 

muzeum "J museum. 

muzutmalin'^ Mussulman- •nskif 
Mussulman. 

muzy II cznie ^^ musically, 
•cznosc^, muslcalness. •czny? 



114 muzyk 

musical, music ... ^.k , ^-kant *!? 
musician. — ka^, music; dorohic 
•,^, to set to music, •.kalnosc *", 
musicalness; knowledge of music. 

joyprn y^e^ f-.kalny ?• musical. 

myllc'^f -c sif "^r to wash. -6 
«o6ie r^ce efc, to wash one's 
hands etc. *cieV^ washing. 

mycka*, cowl, cap. 

mydlleikoV" soap-ball, wash-ball, 
-^elnik"^ fbotj soap- wort, fuller's 
herb, -lany ^ soapy , soap . . . 
•-larczyk "^ journeyman soap- 
boiler; soop - boiler's apprentice. 
-.lamia*", soap-house, -larski^ 
Boap-boiler's. --larstwo?^ trade 
of a soap-boiler, -.larz "^ soap- 
boiler, --lasty f like soap, sa- 
ponaceous, •.leniec "^ fmin.j stea- 
tite, soap-stone. ~lic ^" to ^oap, 
to smear with soap ; (fig J ~ ~ komu 
oczy, to cheat a person, •-linypi., 
soap-water, soap-suds pi. -.Inica^, 
Cbot.J fuller's herb. — io "I soap; 
ffigj miss, bad shot. 

^yilC^" to mislead, mystify; con- 
found. •. sie^7 ^^ ^® mistaken, 
be wrong; err. 

myika^, error, mistake. 

mylnilie "? erroneously, wrong. 
-•OSC^, erroneousness ; fallibility. 
*,y f erroneous, wrong, fallible. 

mysi f mousy, mouse . . . ; ^krolik, 
(orn.) wren. 

mysl^, thought, idea; mind; lye 
dobrej •.!, to be in the mood. 
przychodzi mi na ~, it occurs to 



my mind, i^ec 



to think. 



suppose; fzamierzacj to intend; 
to imagine; ("o kimj to think (of 
one), remember, -.acy? thinking; 
po polsku ~ «, etc.y attached to the 
Poles etc. •'enie ^ thinking, 
thought; sposub ~enta, the way 
of thinking; mind, sentiments. 
•-iciel " thinker, 
oaysliwlliec, ^y™ hunter, hunts- 
man, •.ski ? hunting .. . •-st'WO'J 
hunting, huntraanship. 
mysz ™ (zoj mouse; •^laskowa, 



nabawid 

dormouse; ^polna, fiefd-mouBe. 
'^y pl-t (konska chorobaj fives pi. 
*.aty ^ mouse-coloured, •-ka ', 
small ir.ouse; Cmed.J mole; par- 
ticular flavour of the Hungarian 
wine, -kowac ^ to follow the 
scent, to snuffle, --oldw"^ mouser. 
-vOlowka *", mouse-trap; (orn.) 
bussard. «*.y '^ mouse . . . ; (bet.) 
^ogoUy mousetail. *.yniec™ mouse- 

myt 1? myth. [dung„ 

mytllnictwo 7 office of the custom- 
house; officers of the cuslom- 
touse. *.nik "^ officer of the 
custom-house, -.o 7 turnpike- 
toll; pay, payment. 

mzyc '"\^ (o dtszczuj to mizzle, to 
drizzle. 

mzyk ™ (graj blindmau's buff. 



JST. 

na, "Old, naSct. 

na ^*^ on, upon; for; to; at; 
against; iSc ^ obiad, to go to 
dinner; sukno « surdut, cloth for 
a coat; *. mdj koszt, at my cost; 
iic ~ nieprzyjaciela, to march 
against the enemy. 

na w sktadanych. Czasowniki i rze^ 
czoumiki, zlozone z —, stojacego na 
poczatku, czesto oznaczaja tylko 
tryb dokonany ; w angielskim try- 
bdw dokonanego i niedokonanego 
niema, dlatego tez wiele iryrazow 
tego rodzaju (u opuscilismy. Ich 
angielskiego znaczeiiia szukac nalt'- 
zy pod wyrazami, otrzymanemi pc 
odrzuceniu tego •>. W tych jtd- 
nakze razach, kiedy przez dodanie 
^ wyraz nabrat jakiegos notuego 
znaczenia, obcego icyrazowi niezio- 
zonemu, nie pomijalismy go. 

nabajac ^" to talk much nonsense. 

nabariozyc '"f to litter. 

nabawic ^? to bring upon one; 
4W kogo strachUf to frighten one, 
*. sig '^V to incur; to be weary 



nabechta6 

of amusement i ^ ^ chorohy, to 
catch a disease.' 

Qabeclitallc ^" to instigate, incite, 
actuate. «»nie " instigation, 
aabiat "^ products of the diary. 

nabiiic, ^jac ^^ flron) to load 
with shot; fczemj to garnish, 
mount; to butcher many...; /*c 
fohie czem glow^, to take into 
one's head to. . . ••cie, -^janle ^ 
CbroniJ charging. 

nabiel!dz, *gac ""^f to befall, 
happen to; swell, -.gac sif ^f 
to be weary of running. _^ > 

nabiedzic si§ ^f (^^ ^I'^y' to have 
great trouble with , . 

Dabieglliy ^ swollen, -vnienie, 
nabieienie " fzyij swelling. 

nabierac '^"'^ to draw, get; fcialaj 
to gain ; swell ; * odwagijio take 
heart. 

nabity ? laden with shot; (o ma- 
teryij dense, compact. 

nablakac sie ^r to wander about 
a long timet 

nab6j "^ flronij charge. 

nab6r '^ (rekrutaj recruiting? 

nabozllenstwo "J divine service, 
public worship; devotional exer- 
cise; devotion; (fig.) nie miec 
-enstwa do kogo, to feel no sym- 
pathy for a person. *.nie "? de- 
voutly, *nis ^ devotee, •.nose *", 
piety, devoutness. -*.iiy ^ devout, 

nabrac, vid. nabierac. [devotional. 

nabroic ^" to do much mischief. 

nabrzilekiy, -^mialy " bloated, 
swelled up. -eknac ^V' to swell, 
be tumefied, •.mialbsc^, bloated- 
ness, swelling, -.miec.-miewac'^f 
to puff (up), bloat, swell, -.mienie" 
tumefaction, tumour. 

nabudowac ^^ to erect many 
buildings. 

nabylic, -'Wac ^? to acquire. 
«*Cie" '•'tek'^ acquirement, acqui- 
sition, •ty ^ gained, acquired ; 
jak *.te, tak pozbyte, eoon got, 
soon gone. *.walny *? acquirable, 
^wca™ acquirer, getter. 



naczolek 



115 



nac ^, leaves and stalk of a herb. 

nacechowac^*,^ to mark, point out. 

nachodzic ^'" (krajj to invade, to 
make an inroad upon ; fkogoj to 
importune; to surprise, to attack, 
-sie ^r to get weary of walking. 

nacliwalic sie ^'"nie m6dz dosyc — , 
to praise excessively. 

nachyliiac, --ic "" to bend, bow; 
incline. ««. sie, to stoop, bow; 
^/i^rj incline, •.enie" inclination, 
stoop, bending. 

naciliac "^ to cut in, to incise, to 
notcli. •ecie " cut, incision. 

naciagilac," *nac ^" to stretch, 
strain; (strunyj to string; fr^k^ ttc.) 
to put in, to set ; frozmoxc^ na co) 
to direct; (ztgar) to wind up; 
(fig.) force, -.adio » rack-bar. 
•'anie ^ straining ; stringing ; ^/"j^ J 
forcing, -.any? forced. *niety ? 
stretched, strung. < 

nacijiec, ^-ekac *^? to flow in (drop- 
ping). -»ecie, vid. naciqc. 

nallcierac, -'trzec ^? to rub in; 
(med.J to embrocate; (na kogojj 
to attack; ffigj natrzec komu iwzji, 
to reprimand one severely. 
-'Cieranie 7 fmed.J embrocation, 
friction ; fna kogo J attack, assault. 

nacierpiec sie ^f to have much 
suffered.^ 

nacieszyc sie ^f ^fciw*i czem) to 
rejoice mucli at. [naci^cie. 

nacinaiiC, vid. naciac. -.nie " vid. 

nacisk "^ CfigJ pressure; press, 
crowd, •-ac ^" to press, to im- 
press; throw in quantities, 

naczczo "f jejunely, fasti ngly. 

naczekac si§ ^'* to wait for a 
long while. 

naczeljjnictwo " chief command; 
direction. *nik '^ chief, chieftain ; 
«. ^ stacyi, station-master, -.ny " 
chief; supreme. [(things). 



naczepiac 



to hang many 



naczerpac ^^ to sloop, draw a 

great quantity of. 
naczotek "^ frontlet; fu konia) 

frontal' 

8*- 



116 



naczyme 



uaczynie^ vessel. 

naczytac sif ^^ to be tired of 
reading; to read enough. 

nad ^'^^^ above; on ('^rzeka, on 
the river V. over; beyond; Jmiare, 
exceedingly, beyond measure. 

nad, to sJctadanych rzeczownikach 

, i przymiotnikach tiomaczy si^ czpto 
przez chief lub super np. : *.lesny, 
chief- forester, •.ludzki, super- 
human. 

nadallc, -wwac '^^ (komu przywUej 
ctc.J to grant one (a privilege), to 
confer upon one .. . -vcsie^Tto 
suit, fit. *nie7 granting; investi- 
ture; privilege. 

nadac^? to inflate, blow up, puff 

up;r/ifl'J*'Si§'^rtopuif oneself up. 

nadal ^^ for the future, stad ^, 
henceforth. [fruitless, idle. 

nadaremnllie <*? in vain, -^y « 

nadarzllac si?, -yc si§ '-T to oifer, 
to present itself ; to happen. 

nadawca '^ confcrrer, bcstower. 

nadazyc ^^ (komu, za kimj to keep 
pace, to keep up with a person. 

nadbie!!dZj •'gac ^? to approach 
running. 

nadbrzezllanin "? dweller on the 
coast, riparian, ••e'l coast, shore; 
(rzeki) bank, •-ny " littoral, ri- 
parian. 

nadbrzuszny ^ epigastric. 

nadbutwiljaiy ^ a little musty. 
-ec '^V' to mould a little, become 
somewhat musty. 

nadchodzic "^^ to approach, to 
draw near. 

nadciagilac, •nac ^^ to near, to 
approach. 

naddallc"^^ to add, subjoin, -teki? 
make-weight, over-measure. 

naddziad '^ great grandfather. 

nad^cie" inflation, pufifiug. •> si^'J 
(fig) inflation. 

nadejsllc, vid. nadchodziS. •-cie ^ 
approaching, coming-on. 

nadedrzwie ^ lintel. 

naden, = nad nUgo. 

nadepllnac, -^tac ^? (co, na coj to 



nadokuczai^. 

tread, step ; *. «. kogo na nog^, i(? 
tread on one's foot. 

nader <*p very, extremely. 

naderwac si? ^T to strain oneself 
by lifting; overdo oneself. 

nadestac '^f to send 

nad§litOSC^, swell, swelling; (fig.J 
inflation. *wty f puflfed up; 
bloated. 

nadgiownllik "7 zenith. 

nadgiownlly ^ vertical. 

nadgnii!c "]' to begin to rot. -vly ^ 
decaying. 

nadgradzac, vid. nagrcdzic. 

nadgraniczny " frontier, boun- 
dary; siup ^, boundary-stone. 

nadgrobek, vid. nagrobek. 

nadgroda, vid. nagroda. 

nadgryllzac, -zc^^ to bite a bit, 
bite at. 

nadjechac '^V' to arrive (on horso- 
back, in the coach, on board [a 
ship]). 

nadinspektor 1J intendant. 

nadllktadac, -'iozyc "^^ to give 
into the bargain; to add, subjoin. 

nadiamac "^'^ to begin to break. 

nadleciec ^? to come flying. 

nadlesniczy "IJ upper-forester. 

nadliliczbowy ^ supernumerary.' 
'►lotka ^, wing-shell, -.ludzki ^ 
superhuman. 

nadmiar "^ excess. . 

nadmienlc^^ to mention, allude to. 

nadmiellrny " excessive, exorbi- 
tant. «.rzy6 "^f to give into the 
bargain. 

nadmorski^ situated on the coast, 
dwelling on the coast, riparian 

nadmurowac '^'^ to build up 
build over. 

nadnaturalnllosc ^, supernatural 
ness. *y ',*■ supernatural. 

iiadobi!a% gracefulness, •-nosc^, 
gracefulness, elegancy; beauty 
••ny ^ graceful, elegant ; beauti- 
ful ; odda6 piekne za -^ne} to give 
like for like.' 

nadokuczac ^? (komu) to press 
or drive a person hard. 



nadoi: 

Xiadl!(31 **? down, downwards; 

spascic ^ ~ oczy, to cast down one's 
eyes, •.ole ^} below ; downstairs. 
•Oiek "^ (mknij border, edge. 

nadpiftnlly " icr^gno •.e, Achillis 
tendon. 

nadpis "^ superscription, inscrip- 
tion, --ac ^^ to superscribe. 

nadplodnienie "J superfetation. 

nadplynac ^? to arrive by water. 

nadpowietrznily ^ athmospheric, 
celestial; zjawisko •.e, athmosphe- 
ric phenomenon. 

nadprzyrodzony f supernatural. 

nadpsullc ^f to begin spoiling. 
-C si§ "^r to begin rotting, -.ty " 
decaying. 

nadrlla ^, •o ^ ^w ^wfcni^ bosom, 
breast. 

nadrl'abiac, *obic'"^^ ~- wina, 
to put on a good face to a bad 
business; to piece, •-obic ^f 
CchlehaJ to crum, crumble. 

nadraznic ^^ to irritate much. 
•« si§ ^T /^^ ^^'"*J to tease a person 
much. 

nadrfczyc^? to trouble, torment 
much. •» si§ ^r to worry oneself. 

nadreptac si§, vie?, nahiegac sip. 

nadrukowac "^^ (ksiaieU) to print 
many (books). •- sig ^f to be 
weary of printing. 

nadrywac Sie , vid. naderwai sip. 

Iiadrzec2e "J ^bank of the river; 
region situated along the bank. 

nadskakiwallc ^? Ckomuj to court 
one; to be officious, --nie " offi- 
ciousness. 

nadslupie 7 farch.J architrave. 

nadspodziewallnie'^? unexpected- 
ly, unawares. *.ny ^ unexpected, 
unl coked for. 

nadstav, ?, ,affix,elongation;^^gr.^ 
deck, adornment, •-iac, '*'ic ^f 
to cut- to, affix; fglowy, szyij to 
yjstc. — ^ucha, to give ear. ^ ^ sig^f 
(czemj to have recourse to. 

nadsytac, vid. nadeslac. 

nadszaniec "^ CfortJ cavalier. 



nagaba6 117 

nadszargac ^? rfigJ « imienia, to 
stain one's reputation. 

nadsza 'zac '"f CodzieniaJ to wear 
out a Uttle. m, si§ ^r to be worn 
out (by use). 

nadto <*? too ; too much ; to juz *.i 
jitz tego ^! we have had more 
than enough of it! 

nadtracic '^f (majatku) to lose a 
part (of one's fortune). ~ 

nadnzyllc, •-wac ^^ to abuse, mi- 
suse. ^'Cie'J abuse, misuse; excess. 

nadwatlliac, •'ic ^^ to weaken, 
debilitate, -^enie \ weakening, , 
debilitation. 

nadwazyc ^"^ to weigh (out) to. 

nadwer^zllac, ^yc^? to damage, 
hurt, weaken ; fatigue excessively .>/ 
•-enie \ damage; exertion. 

nadwi^dly f somewhat faded. 

nadwisle ^ the valley of the 
Vistula. 

nadwodny ? growing on the shore, 

nadworny ^ aulic, court . . . 

nadwyrf zyc, vid. nadtverezyS, 

nadybac ^^ to surprise. 

nadymallc, vid. nadac. -.nie si? ^ 
(fig. J inflation. 

nadymic "^V" to fill with smoke. 

nadziak "^ club, hurlbat. 

nadzillac, -ewac^^ (w kucharstwiej 
to stuff, -^anie, ••eiiie ^ stuffing. 

nadzielija ^, hope ; kobietaprzy ^i, 
woman with child; miec *-]§, to 
hope; nie ma •-i, there is no hope. 

nadziwic si§^T fczemuj to admire 
a thing. 

nadzor ^ chief inspection, super- 
intendence. •'Ca '^ superinten- 
dent, chief - surveyor, --czy ? 
superintending; rada-^-cza, board, 
•-czyni *", chief inspectress. 

nadzwyczajllnie <^p extraordinari- 
ly, •'nose *i extraordinariness. 
*<ny " extraordinary. 

nafllciany " petroleum . . . *.ta ^, 
naphta, petroleum, rock-oil. 

nafrasowac sif ^f to grieve much. 

nagabllac, '--nac, *ywac '"i' to 



IlB naga(ia6 

ttouble, importune; (ip ezegoj to 
incite. ^ 

nagadac ^ flcomu o czemj to talk 
very much about a thing; ("na "kogoj 
to speak ill behind a person's back. 
*8if , "^r *0 t*® tired of talking. 

naganlla ^, blame, censure, re- 
proach. <»iac, vid. panic. «fciiie ^? 
blameably. •.nosc^, blameable- 
ness, reproachableness. #*ny f 
blameable, reproachable.t 

Uaganlliac ^^ (zwUrzynf) to beat, 
'^iacz " beater, •.ka ^, battue 

nagi *? naked; bare. [(chase). 

nagillac, -nac ^'f to bend, bow; 
( do czegoj to accustom to. «** %\^X 
to bend, stoop. '«>^cie'7 flexion, 
•'nalny J flexible. 

nagHiacy , urgent, pressing. «e <*? 
on a sudden; very quick, very 
speedily, -.ic ^f to incite, impel; 
urge, press; czas «*i, time presses. 

naglllOSC^t suddenness; urgency; 
hurry. *.y " abrupt, sudden, 
urgent. 

nagl6wek '^ top, head. 

nagniewac si§ "^r ("i^^^) to ^^ much 
scandalised at. 

nag^Otek "^ corn (on the toe). 

nago ^} nakedly, barely, -vsc, 
«*ta.^, nakedness, barenness. 

nagolidny ^ welcome ; convenient, 
•-dzic sif "^T to happen, come 
to pass. 

nagdrze ^ above, aloft. 

nagoscic Bi§ ^f to be a person's 
guest for a length of time.' 

nagradzac, vid. nagrodzlc. ^ 

nagrac sif "^f to have played 
much; to be weary of playing. 

nagrobliek " tomb, monument; 
epitaph, -.kowy, ^-ny " sepul- 
chral, tomb ...» 

uagvodila ^, reward, recompense. 
•zi6 ^^ to reward, recompense: 
idemnify, compensate, -ziciel" 
rewarder. 

nagromadzllac, -^ic ""^ to accu- 
njulate, amass^ aggregate. 

nagryllzac, -'ZC ^? to take a bit 



nakazanj 

of, to bite at; ffig.J to grieve 
much. *»^c sif ^ to grieve much. 

nagrzeszyc sif ^ to have com- 
mited many sins. [pan. 

nagrzewalicz, •'Inik ^, warming- 

nagnllcliny, -sienM, quite naked. 

nanajka *", knout, cat-o-'nine-talls; 

naigrawallc sif ^ fz kogoj to de- 
ride, ridicule, •.nje, -^lue si§ ♦ 
derision. 

naiwnllosc ^, naivetfe, ingenuous^ 
ness. •-y ^ naive, ingenuous. 

najllac^? Cod kogoJ to hire, rent;" 
fkomuj to let out, hire out. •.ac 
sif "^r to hire oneself (outj. 
••^cie ^ hiring ; letting out ; (dom) 
do».fcia, .. on hire. 

najllazd ^ inroad, invasion, irrup- 
tion, 't.eckac "^f (hraj) to in- 
vade, Oiogo) to attack, surprise. 

najem '^ lease, hire; hire, rent. 
•'idea ', female journeyman. 
'O'lliczo **? mercenarily; negli- 
gently. <^niczosc \ mercenari- 
ness. •niczyf^ on hire, hackney, 
•.nik ^ hireling, mercenary, 
•.ny^ hired, hackney . . . ; zoinierz 
- ~, mercenary. 

najesc si§ ^f to eat oneself full. 

najety " hired, on hire. 

naiezdnillczy " incursive, invasive. 
^Jk "^ invader. 

naiezdzac, vid. najechad. 



-yc 



t<l 



najezllony f bristly, 
set on end, bristle, 
naj^orszy ^ mperl. od zly. ^ 
na^asniejszy f ~ Pan, His Majesty, 
najmniej "? superi. od maio. «*8zyf 

superl. od maty. 

najmowac, vid. najac. 

najnizszy, vid. niiszy. 

najpierw(ej) <*? at first, above allr 

na^przdd ^? first, firstly. 

naisc, vid. nachodzid. 

nakadzllac, -16 ^? to fumigate, 
'•'anie " fumigation. 

nakarmic ^^ to satiate, seed. 

nakaz'i order, command, •-ac^f 
to order, command, -i-anyf com- 
manded, extorted. 



nak^ad 

naklad 'J expenses, outlay; «em 
^(autora tie. J, published by, priu- 
ted for. -ac ^f^ to lay on, to 
put on; (luk) to string; (fajlcf) 
to fill; (podatkij to impose; (na 
CO J to give ; (czem) to risk, stake. 
•-anie 7 loading, lading. *ca '^ 
publisher, -^owy ^ ksifgamia 
-owa, publishing-business.* 

naklaina6 ^f (prztd kimj to tell 
a person many lies. 

naktllaniac, •-onic^f to adduce,In- 
duce. m. m. si^, to lean ; (do czegoj 
to consent to, to acquiesce in. 

nakieic ^" (na coj to glue upon. 

nakolanek "^ knee-cap. 

nakoniec ";} after all, at least. 

nakrajac , (czegoj to cut a great 
deal of something. ^ 

nakrapiallc *'" to speckle. -*c. 
nakropic ^ to sprinkle, -nie , 
sprinkling; piedness. --nyf speck- 
led, pied. ' 

nakrf cilac, ^it^^ to direct; (ztgar) 
to wind up ; fprawo etc.) to mis- 
represent, misinterpret. 

nakreslllic '^^ to sketch, delineate, 
•'enie " sketch, delineation 

nafcryllc, --wac ^f to put a cover 
on, to cover ; * •, do stolu, to lay 
the cloth ; « m. glowp, to put upon 
one's head, m, « sif ^f to cover 
oneself, -.wacz "^ table-decker., 
^Cie, -'Wanie" covering; table- 
cover. <«.wka ^, cover. 

nakrzyz <^p across. 

naksztalt «i> like. 

nakupic^" to buy, purchase much. 

nalac ^?^ to pour in, infuse ; ~ to 
czv.h, to get drunk. [charge. 

naladowac ""f to load; burden, 

nalajac ^''^ to scold, chide. 

natamac ^f - drztw, to break 
many trees; - «o6ic giowy, to 
beat one's brains 

nalanyf poured in, infused; bloa- 
ted, smollen. 

aalllatac sif ^r to be weary of 
running, •-eciec^? to enter (iuto) 
flying. J 



namiestnikostwo 1 1 9 

nalegallc ^? fna kogoj to press, 
to urge a person, •nie ** pres- 
sing, urgency. 

nalepic ^? to glue upon. 

nalesnik "5 pan-cake. 

nalewllac, vid. nalac. 'k'ka^t wa- 
tering-pot; kind of brandy. 

nalelliacy " (do czegoj belonging ; 
appertinent (law). -*zc, . . . vid. 
znaUzc. ^-zca ™ finder, ^^zne 7 
finder's reward, •-iec "^ /^^o 
fco^o> to belong to; fdo czegoj 
to take part in, to participate in ; 
to appertain ; "^-zy «ij, it is suitable, 
it is becoming; to *4y do '*»?««, 
that is my business, that balongs 
to me. *zec 8i§ ^ to have beeo 
lying a long time. 

nalezlinosc *i appurtenance(8), ap- 
pendant; debt, •.ny " (do kogoJ 
belonging; due, proper. •'ycie**f 
duly, properly, in due form; 
roughly. *.3rfcosc^, debt ; appurte- 
nance. •'Vty f due, proper. 

nal||6g '; habit, bad habit. 
*'OgOWy ^ customary, habitual ; 
^ « pijak, habitual drunkard. 

natozniclla ^, concubine, •'two 7 
concubinage. *zy^ concubinary. 

nato^SX. vid. naktadac. 

nam ^ , to us, us. 

namacallc^? to find groping about. 
--Inosc V palpability. --Iny ^ 
palpable, plain. ' ^ ^ 

namallczac, vid. namoczyc. •'kaci 
namoknac ^ to be drenched. 

namalowac '"^ to paint out. 

namallscic ^f to anoint, to em- 
balm, -.szczenie ^ anointment; 
(fig. J pathoB; ostatnie — , extreme 
unction. 

namawlac, vid. namdwiS. 

namazac ^f^ to oil; to bedaub. 

nami^kllac, -'n%c ^ to be molli- 
fied, be softened. 

namiest II nictwo " lieutenancy, 
vicegerency. «*niczy ? lieute- 
nant's, -nik '^ lieutenant, go- 
vernor, ii'iiikostwo " lieute- 
oancy; lieutenant and his lady. 



120 namiestnikowa 

••nikowa ^, la'iy of a lieutenant. 

••liikowac ^^* to be governor, 

Heutenant. 
nami^tl Inie^'^P assionately. •n sc ^, 

passion, emotion, -ny? ardent, 

passionate, 
namiof^ tent. *»ek™ small tent; 

pavilion ; canopy. [room, 

namknac sif ^T to draw off, make 
namollcz, --k "^ fmed.) infusion. 

•-czyc ^^ to soak, steep ; infuse. 

kty •?" infused; soaked, drenched. 
namodlic si§ ^f to have prayed 

long, 
namoknac, vid. namakac. 
namotac"" ^" to finish reeling, 
namllowa ^, instigation; persuasion. 

••Cwic ^?' to instigate ; persuade. 

'm, », sif "^V to make an agreement. 
namozolic si§ ^f to worry oneself. 
namrzec sif ^r~ •s^? giodu, to starve. 
namulic ^" to fill or cover with 

mud. [lather. 

namydlic ^^ to soap ; (hrodej to 
namyllst-'^ consideration, delibera- 
tion ; z •'Slem, deliberately, on 

purpose; tez *s%Ujinconsiderately ; 

extempore, -^slac si$, -^slic sif ^f 

/'nad czem^ to consider, ponder ; 

(na CO J to resolve. *.slenie sif ? 

consideration, reflection; resolu- 
nan = no. niego. [tion. 

nankin ™ nankeen. <*.owy? made 

of nankeen; ^podm'c*- owe, nan- 
kins pi. 
naobiecywac ^^ -Jicomu wieie, to 

make many promises to a person, 
naoczjinie '^^ evidently, plainly; 

ocularly, -..ny " evident, plain; 

(iwiadectwoj ocular; dwiadek'^^, 

eye-witness. 
naokdl «? &p'^, around, 
naokolo, vid. wkoto. 
naopak <^p perversely, 
naostatek «? finally, after all. 
napalld ^ 'assault, attack ; inroad, 

incursion; fmed J fit, paroxysm; 

•.d podagry, attack of the gout, 

-^-dac, ^-SC ^?? to assail, assault, 

attack; ^o chordbiej to attack, take. 



napiwek 

napaiac, vid. napoH, 
napakowallc ^? to fill (up); to 

cram; '^io sip ludzi do pokoju, the 

room became crowded, 
napalic'*^^ to light a fire; ^wpitcu, 

to heat the oven, 
naparstliek ™ thimble, -nica^, 

CbotJ foxglove. 
naparzilac, -yc *"? to foment; 

(chustyj to bathe, to wash. •«>anie< 

fomentation, 
napallsc^, assault, attack; offence. 

'•'Stniczy " aggressive, oflfensive. 

~8tnik "I aggressor, assaillant, 

-^stowac '^f' to aggress on. 
napatrzyc sie'^f to look enough, 

to get tired to look at. 
napawallc ^f to imbibe, impregr 

nate ; (jig J to fill with, --c si^ '"f 

to suck up, to imbibe, •-nie, - <• 

sig " impregnation. 
napchac ^? ^ si§ "^r ^^ cram, 
.napedzllaci •-ic '"^f (zwierzynp) to 

beat; (kogo do czegoj to incite, 

impel; «k.ic komu strachu flub PiO" 

traj, to strike a person with fear, 
napetllnic ^f to fill up, fill rtez 

fig J -nic si§ ^f to be filled. 

--nienie " filling. 
napewno *^p assuredly, certainly, 
napillac, vid. napinac. -*gcie 1 ten- 
sion ;'' strain, 
napic ^f to drink much. «-sif ""V 

to drink enough, to quench the 

thirst; Cfig.J to imbibe, 
napiellrac'^"*,* (kogoj to press hard. 

->"*' sif ^r to importune, '^ranie 

sie ^ importunaey. 
napiersnii'ik "^ breast-plate, sto- 
macher. -*,y ^ breast . . . 
napietek "^ heel, [to stigmatize, 
napietnowac ^^ to brand; CfigJ 
napilijac, vid. napic. -,lyf drunk, 

tipsy. [to strain, 

napinac^f /^^wfejtobend; (struny) 
napis'^ inscription; address, •-ac'^? 

to write (down); to compose, set 

down in writing, 
napilltek"; drink, beverage, -wwek^' 

a tip, small gratuity. 



naptaci6 sig 

naplacic 8i§ ^f to have j»aid 

enough. 

naplakac 8i§ ^ to have wept 
much. [many tricks. 

naptatac^^ -^figldv), to have made 

naplecznik "^ strap. 

napletek ™ foreskin, prepuce. 

naplnc ^'? to have spit, to spit.^ 

napiyllw '^ aCflux, influx. *.wac, 
•nac"^? to flow in, flow to; ffig.J 
to inundate. *wowy ^ flowing 
to; coining from abroad. 



Dara2a6 



121 



napoczllynac, --ac 



(chleha, 



sztjnki) to begin to cut; (hutdk^ etc. J 
to broach, •-^ty ? broached. 

napodziw ^ astonishingly. 

napogotowiu <^^ ready at hand. 

napiloic ^" to give to drink ; kogo 
czem (figj to inspire one with. 
•-6J "7 drink, beverage; (med.) 
potion, •ojony^ — przesadami, 
lull of prejudices. 

liap6t «f half. 

napomllinac, «^iiiec '^^ to admo- 
nish, exhort, ^inanie, ^nienie " 
admonishment, admonition, ex- 
hortation. 

napomliknac, --ykac "" to allude 
to, to give*" the hint, -^knienie " 
allusion, hint. 

napoprzek "? across, athwart, 

napotem ^? for the future. 

napotllkac, *ykac ^^ to meet. 

napotny " diaphoretic; srodek <«, 
diaphoretic. _ 

napowietrzny ^ aerial. 

napowr^t ^^ back, 

napracowac si? ^f to toil and 
moil, to work much. 

naprallwa *", reparation, mending ; 
transformation, reformation. 
•-wca, •'Wiacz ™ mender; im- 
prover, amcnder. -wic, *wiac ^'^ 
to repair, refit, patch ; (krzywd^j 
to make up ; improve, meliorate. 
'- ^ sig ^r to get better, -wiiy ? 
reparable. 

naprf z!|ac, •-yc ^? to stretch out, 
strain, -venie " tension. •'Ony" 
stretched. 



to have in- 
^ to 



81^ 



naprosic "7 ^goscx^ 
vited many guests, 
havo begged long. 

naprowadzic '^i to bring, put; 
(fig-) ~kogo na dohra drog^, topufe 
one in the right way; ^ kogo na 
jaka myU, to suggest a thing to 
a person. 

napr6zno *? in vain. 

naprzec, vid. napierac. 

naprzeciw, -".ko ^'^ opposite (to), 
over •.ko "? over against. 

naprzemian(y) «-p alternately, by 
turns. 

naprzestrzat ^? ^ through and 
through ; otworzyc okna -, to open 
tho windows opposite to each 
other. 

naprzod «? in front, before ; first- 
ly ; in advance. -» * on ! 

naprzykrzllac sif , -'yc 8i§ ^f to 
molest, importune, •-anie sie "X 
importunity, •-enie "J satiely* 
disgust; az do ^-enia; more than 
enough, -^ony *? molestful. 

napuchlllosc *", swelling, bloated- 
ness. -^ly ^ swollen, bloated. 
•*nac ^? to swell. 

napullscic, -^szczac ^? to imbibe^ 
impregnate. 

napullszenie "J inflation, conceit, 
-•-szony ^ putFed up, coaceited. 
-'Szyc''? to inflate ; (fig. J -» ^ ^i^^'T 
to puff oneself up. ••szysto <*? 
bombastically, 'vszystosc ♦i — 
"tylu, bombastic style, ^szysty ^ 
("tylj bombastic. 

napychac, vid. napchac. 

narallda *i consul tr.tion, delibera- 
tion, -.dzac si§, *dzic 6i§ ""f 
to consult, to confer. 



naraic 



to procure. 



naramiennik ^V armlet, bracelet; 
.ehoulder-strap, epaulet; neck- 
piece. 



narljastac, «'Osiiac 



to rise, 



swell; grow up, to shoot out. 

•-astajacy f ;iccrebcent. 
naraz "f at once, 
narallzac, *zic^^ to expose. *2ic 



122 nara^ny 

Bi§ ^ fkomuj to" hurt a person's 
feeling's. A>zac 8i§ ^a nie&ezjjfe- 
czenstwo, to run a chance. 

narazny ^ opportune. 

narcyz "^ ^to^j narcissus. 

narda*", fbotj spikeward. _ 

narf czl!e "I armful, ^.nik " sling, 
••ny " ~ ~ kon, led-horse. 

narekawek ^ sham-sleeve. 

nareszcie "f at last, finally. 

narkotyk ^ narcotic. 

narobic ^^ to manufacture, to 
make many . . . ; to cause, occa- 
sion; CfigJ narohiteS sobie! you 
are in a scrape! 

narllbd™ nation, -.odowosc^, na- 
tionality, nationalism. -'Odowy? 
national. 

narodzli'enie "J birth, •-ic ^? to 
bear (a child) ; Boze * ~, Christmas. 
•-ic si§ ^r to be born, -^iny, vid. 
urodziny. [crescence. 

narosllc, vid. narastaS. »>\ ^, ex- 

nar!!6w ""^ bad habit, -.owic "^f 
to accustom to bad habits; to 
spoil. •.owisty"(^oJ;o«iu; restive, 
skittish; freakish. 

narozllnik^ corner; /yori.^ bastion, 
•-ny " corner . . . 

narnszllac, ^yc^f to violate, hurt; 
(spokojj to disturb, trouble, -.al- 
nosc V violability. *.alny ^ vio- 
lable. *.enie " violation, infrac- 
tion, disturbance. 

narwal '^ C^oJ narwhale. 

narybllek ™ fry. -lac, mc ^? 
(stawj to stock (a pond with fish). 

narycbtowac ^^ (dziaioj to level, 
point. _ 

narys '^ drawing, sketch, ^^o- 
wac ""^ to draw, trace. 

narzadzllac, •-ic ^^ to dress, pre- 
pare\ get ready; mend, piece, 

narzecze " dialect. [repair. 

narzeczollna ^, betrothed, fiancee, 
•^-ny %' betrothed, fiance. 

narzgdzie ^ instrument, imple- 
ment, tool. 

j^arzellkac ^V" to utter lamenta- 
tions, lament: fnahogo) to com- 



naslugiwa6 

plain of. -^kanie ♦ lament, la- 
mentation. 

narzllnac, -srnac "^f to incise, cut 
in; (cztgo) to saw much, many .. . 
-"iiiecie "I incision. _ 

narzucllac, -'ic *'f (idan^) to plas- 
ter, rough-cast; fkomu coj to ob- 
trude on, force upon; cast up, 
throw up. •-ac Sie ^f (komuj to 
obtrude oneself on"! -.anie " ob- 
trusion; (Sdanyj plastering. 

narzutka^, mortar, plastering. 

narzynany " incised, notched. 

nas ^^ us, of us. 

nasallda^, (atrzelbyj stock ; (u uozuj 
beam. '»dzac, •'dzic^" to plant, 
set many . . . ; (kurpj make brood; 
(kogoj suborn. 

nasci^, have it! take it! 

nasetac, vid. nasytad, 

nasenny ^ soporific. 

nasep * mound, kno\l. 

nasiac '"'^ to sow ; ie*^ tego jdkby 
nasiai, there is plenty of it. 

nasiadka^, brood-hen. 

nasiakilac, --iiac '^V' to imbibe. 

nasienllie ^ seed; (zwierzfdaj 
sperm; «.«. Iniane, linseed, •.io- 
wy " spermatic; seed. <»nik ™ 
pericarp, •-ny " seminal; sper- 
matic. 

nasionko ^ grain of seeJ. 

naskorek ^ epidermis, scarf-skin. 

nasladowllac ^f to imitate; ^(af- 
szujacj to counterfeit, •.anie 7 
imitation, •-ca™ imitator. •'Czy^ 
imitative, •.czyni, •-niczka \ 
imitatress. •^nictwo "J imitation, 
apery; rage of imitation, •.ni- 
CZOSC ^, imitability. -.niczy ? 
imitable; imitative. 

nasiallc, vid. nasytae. ••nie ^ des- 
patch ; punishment, •.niec'^ mes- 
senger. 

naslinic "*^? to spit on, bespit. 

nastncliac si^ ,l^czegoJ to be tired 
of hearing; fod kogoJ to be re- 
primanded, to be reproached, 
nasinllgiwac ^? fkomuj to ap- 

I pear obliging (towards a person. 



Iiashizy6 sig 



natomiast 



123 



*zyc 8i§ *T to have served along 
time ; be weary of serving. 

nasmillac sie ^f to have laughed 
much, -.eszyc '"'!' to make one 
laugh, -ewac si^, • ac 8i§ ""^r 
(z kogoj to laugh at a person, to 
deride a person ; — sip z cicha, 
to laugh in one's sleeve. '«ewacz, 
••ewca "T mocker, derider. 

nasmrodzic ^ fgdziej to make 
smell badly, to fill with stink. 

uasolic ^" to salt, pickle. 

nasllpa, •-ypka^, bed-tick. 

naspiewac sif ^ to have sung 
much. 

nasprycowac *'? to inject. 

nastalic, •'Wac^? to begin, appear, 
come on. ».t si§ ^ to.be weary of 
standing, -nie " comiog-on. 

nastalic*^? fzelazo) to harden, chill. 

nastapic ^^ (na co) to tread upon ; 
(na kogoJ to attack ; fpo kim, po 
czemj to succeed, follow 

nastarczyc^^r^oTOw; to keep pace ; 
suffice. 

nastawallc "^ (na co) to insist 
upon; (na JcogoJ to press; vid. 
nastac; *»c na czyje zycie, to at- 
tempt a person's life, -^-nie "^ 
urging, insistence. 

nastawillac, *c ^f to set up, put 
up many . . , ; (zegarekj to set 
right; fwodp etc J to put on the 
fire, •.enie "J setting up. 

nastfpllca"^ -'Czyni^, after-comer, 
follower, succeeder; --ca tronu, 
successor to the throne, •-nie <*? 
subsequently, -.ny^ subsequent, 
following, '^owac, vid. nastapic ; 
(na kogoJ to press hard, "opp'ress. 
•'Stwol succession; consequence. 
«*Tljacy? foUowiog; po sobie •««*, 
c-onsecutive, successive. 

iiasto||perczyc,*rczyc^^ to bristle 

nastrajac, vid. nastroi6. [up. 

nastraszyc ^'f (kogo) to strike a 

person with fear, 
nastrf czyc ^f to afford, procure ; 



recommend, 
present itself. 



si^ t to offer, 



nastrHoic ^f to attune, tune; pre° 

pare; -^oic powaznie minp, to as" 

sume an air of gravity, •-dj ^ 

disposition, composure. <«ojenie ^ 

tuning, tune, 
nastrzepillc '"? to crisp, -ony f 

crisped ; ffig.J bloated, puffed up. 
nastrzyk"; ^mec?.;injection.*ac^f 

to inject. 

nasturcya^, fbot.J nasturtium. 
nasun%c ^? to advance, draw near j 

(komu'coj to suggest a thing. 
nasycllaC; •-ic ^f to satiate , sate. 

•"-ic si§ ^r to eat oneself full; 

fczemj to have enough of . , o 

A'enie "? satiation, 
nasyiac ^" Ckornu kogo J to molest 

a person by sending him im- 

portuners. 
nasypac ^? to strew, spread; 

shoot, heap; CczemJ fill. 
nasz^'T our; ours; (fam.J dohra 

-a, things go well ; po *'emu, ac- 
cording to our custom, 
naszczac ^^ (w co) to piss; (na 

co) piss upon, 
naszelnik IJ pole-strup.v 
naszkicowac '"^ to adumbrate, 
, sketch. [to pierce, spit. 

naszpikowac ^? to interlard ; (jig.) 
naszydzic si§ ^f (^ ^ogo) to have 

much mocked a person, 
naszyjllnik "^^ necklace. *ny ? 

neck . . [one of ours, 

naszjmiec 'J fellow-countryman, 
natancowac sif '"T to be weary 

of dancing. 
natarllcie " rubbing in; attack. 

-'CZ3rwosc ^, impetuosity ,violence. 

•czywy f impetuous, violent. 

••ty ^ od nacierac. 

natchmlac ^f' to inspire, -.ienie ♦ 
inspiration. *'iony ^ inspired. 

natfdzac.^zyc^^ to Btretch; (fig. J 
to exert, strain, ^'ienie " ex* 
ertion, effort, •-ionv ^ strained ; 

natkac, vid. natykac. [intense. 

natiollczyc sig ^f to be crowded.' 
-k ^ crowd. [meantime. 

natomiast «? however; in the 



iU 



natonie 



natonie ^ part of a forest where 
wood is being felled. 

natracic ""? fo czemj to mention. 

natrafic '^V' to meet, find; en- 
counter. 

natr^t "^ intruder, importuner. 
•-nica ^, intruding woman. -*,nie '^^ 
importunately. *'nosc^» impor- 
tunity, obtrusion, importunacy. 
*.ny f importunate, intruding, 
obtrusive. [bath. 

natryskowily " -'a Icapiel, shower- 

natrzasac si^'^'^fz kogo J to deride, 
scoff at, jeer. 

natrzec, vid. naderaS. 

natura^, nature; temper, natural 
disposition ; ptacic w naturze, to 
pay in kind, •-llsta'^ naturalist. 
•'lizacya^, naturalization, -vlizo- 
wac ^, *"*' sie ^f to naturalise. 
^-Inie <*p naturally; of course, 
certainly; — ze (to uczynite.mj, 
(I had) of course (done so). 
•'Inosc ^, naturalness. *.lny " 
natural. [oneself. 

natworzyc si§ "^f to arise, form 

natychmiast "? instantly, upon 
the spot. •'OWOSC^, instantane- 
ousness. -^owy , instantaneous. 

natykac ""^ to fill; natkac hrzuch, 
to cram one's stomach. 

2iaTicz||ac,*yc'^" to teach; preach; 
m>q ja go, I shall teach him man- 
ners, -^.yc sie *^r to learn, have 
learned, -.yciel™ teacher, school- 
master; master, preceptor. #».y- 
cielka^, school-mistress; gover- 
ness, -vycielski ^ scholastic, of a 
teacher, -^ycielstwo 1 professor- 
ship; the scholastic profession. 

nauklla^, science; doctrine; ad- 
vice; apprenticeship. •owie, 
i^-OWO ^} scientifically. -*0W0SC ^, 
erudition, learning. •-owy f 
scientific(al) ; literary. 

naumyslnie "^ purposely. 

nawa^, (arch.) nave. 

nawalli '^ plenty, press, crowd. 
**lic '"'f to heap, throw up. -*.lnie 
-'Jem **? impetuously; plenti- 



nawykly 

fully. *}iiica^, storm, tempest. 

--Inyf vehement, violent; (dtszcr') 

heavy, 
nawalira ^, boiling, orewagf?. 

-^rzyc""" to boil, brew; (ilg.) «^ 

piwa, to bring into a scrape. ^ 
nawet "-p even, 
nawiallc '^V'^ to blow in or into; 

•-to sniegu do (sienij, wind has 

blown much snow into . . . 
nawias "^ parenthesis. -*.em, •'O- 

WO "? parenthetically, /^owy ^ 

parenthetical. 
nawiazllac '"? to tie; (struny) to 

•string, -.anie^ tying; stringing. 

•-ka ^, bandage ; surplus ; damages 
nawic, vid. nawijac. ^ \pl, 

nawiedzllac, •'ic ^?^ to go to see^ 

visit; fmdwiac o BoguJ to aflHict, 

visit. «*anie "J visiting, visits pi. 

'^'Snie "J visitation ; fbosTcieJ af- 
fliction, calamity; Nawiedzenie 

Matki Boskiej , Visitation - Day. 

•'iny pi., visit. 
nawi^zywac, vid. nawiazac. 
nawil^jac, -^nac '"^ to wind up, 

--nac si§ '^^^(komuj to fall into 

one's hands, 
nawlllec, --lekac, -'i6czyc ^? 

to thread, string, -w^tdczka ', 

bodkin, 
nawodnillac ^^ to irrigate, water. 

*'enie 1 irrigation, watering. 
naw6j'^ yarn-beam,weaver'sbeam. 
nawiliezc , -^ozic ^? to convey, 

bring; (rolpj to dung, •-dz ^ 

dung, manure, 
nawolywac ""^ to call to. 
nawrllacac, -dcic '^V'^ to return, 

go back, come back; convert. 

-^acanie, -'6cenie "l conversion, 

•'bciciel "^ converter. 
nawr6t "y return; winding; re- 
sumption ; (slonca) solstice.^'ny ? 

returning. 
n awyciagac ^^ od kogo (pieniedzy) 

to swindle a person out of much... 
,nawyk||ac,-nad^? to accustome 

oneself. -*«iy " accustomed, habi- 



nawyknienie 



tual, inured, -.aienie ^ habit, 
custom. 

nawytudzac ^'" fod JcogoJ pieni^- 
dzy, to entice away much money. 

nawymyslac ^'" to invent many... ; 
(koviuj to abuse, revile. 

Hawzajem '^p reciprocally, mu- 

nazad <=^^ back. [tually. 

nazajutrz "? the following day. 

nazaiowac sie ^f to pity much. 

jiazartowac sif '"^(z kogoj to hoax, 
to chair a person much. 

nazbierac '^" to gather many... 

nazbyt "^ too; too much; ex- 
cessively, [be chilled. 

naziebllic ^? to chill. *iiac ^f to 

'nazjezdza!!c si§ *^r '^io sip gohi, 
there arrived many guests. 

nazioscic sie ^T fna kogoJ to be 
much scandalised at. 

nazmyslac ^^' to tell many lies; 
fna kogoJ calumniate 

naznaczl.ac, -^yc ^? to mark; ap- 
point, fix; destine, •-ony*? mar- 
ked ; appointed, fixed; destined. 

nazolknac ^^/ to turn somewhat 
yellow. " ► [overeat oneself. 

nazrec sif ^f to eat greedily; 

nazwia ^, name, denomination, 
-'ac, nazywac ^'f to name ; fkogo 
czemj to call a person (a fool etc.). 
•-ac sif ^r to he called; (cztm) to 
set up for ... ; jak sip nazywasz ? 
what is your name? -anie "J 
naming, designation, •-isko ^ 
name. 

nazyc si§ '"V to he weary of life ; 
to have lived long enough. 

nfc!!acy f alluring, •ric ^f to 
allure, entice, decoy. 

flf dzlla ^, need, misery, extremity. 
-^arz ^ poor, miserable man, 

•viiica *i miserable woman. <tepie "p 
miserably, poorly, distressfully; 
very imperfectly. *iiiec ^^ to 
become miserable. -*.iiik^ paltry 
man. -.ny ^ miserable, poor; 
very defective, imperfect, •-ota ^i 
miserableness, paltriness. 

negliz '^ house-dress, , 



nie 125 

negocyllacya*", negotiation, trans- 
action. -».ator '" negotiator, -^o- 
wac '^V' to negotiate, treat. 

nfkac "^^ to torment, oppress. 

nekrolog "T obituary, necrology. 

nektar '^ neetar. 

neoflta ^ neophyte. 

nerkiii pi, reins pi., kidney. <*.o- 
waty " reniforra, kidney-shaped. 
-owy " venal; pieczen •^owa, 
roast- loin. 

nerw ^ nerve; sinew, -.owosc^, 
nervosity, nervousness, -vowy " 
nervous. 

netto, fwaga) net. 

neutralllizowac ^"f to neutralise. 
•'ilOSC *", neutrality, --nyf neutral. 

ni ^ not, not so much as; «..., 
— . , neither . . . nor ...;•, ztad 
~ zowad, without any cause. 

niani'czyc ^^ to be nursemaid. 
*ka*", nurse 

niby <*? for appearance, as if. 

nic ^ naught, nothing; kind of 
milk-porridge; -w z tego, no such 
matter; *.a •-, nothing at all; z 
niczeyo ~, of nothing comes no- 
thing ; cztowiek do niczego, a good- 
for-nothing, -estwo " -'Osc^ 
nothing, nothingness. •pon, 
-'Wart'^ good-foi:-nothing(fellow). 
-'Potem «? •wart f good for 
nothing. 

nic*", thread; nici pi., yarn. 

niclle pi', wrong side (of cloth); 
kind of cake ; na ^ przewrocic, to 
turn (a coat), -^iany " thready, 
of linen thread, •owac^" /^*ufc- 
niaj to turn ; ffig.J blame, censure. 

niczli'egO f <£«<> tolerable, pretty 
good; tolerably, -.yj^ of nobody, 
of no one, no one's. 

nie <*p no ; not ; (raz,dwa razy etc.) 
more than. 

nie w zlozonych przymiotnikach tlo* 
maczy sip zwykle prztz dis, un, in, 
im, ir, w rztczo-mnikach czesto przez 
want. Wyrazy ziozonez ^^'wktorych 
to *» nadaje im tylko negalywne 
znaczenie, opuszczamy. 



126 



niebacznie 



niedogodnos^ 



niebaczllnie <*? inconsiderately. 
/•.nose *", inconsideratenesf, in- 
cautiousness. ^ny ^ inattentive, 
incautious, careless. [delay. 

niebawem"? immediately, without 

niebezpieczilenstwo '"• danger; 
dangerousness , < perilousness. 
•'iiie ^^ dangerously, •.nosc ^, 
dangerousness. •-ny" dangerous, 
perilous. 

aiebiallnin '7 inhabitant of Heaven. 
-'Ilka *", inhabitant of Heaven; 
very beautiful woman, --nski " 
heavenly, celestial, --nskcsc- ^, 
heavenliness. 

niebieski f blue, sky-blue; 
heavenly. 

lliebo "J heaven; sky; (fig. J hap- 
piness; pod golem idehem, in the 
open air; jakhy z nieha spadi, 
dumfounded;_ o nieha! Heavens! 
*ga, ^-raczka ^, pitiable woman, 
••rak^ lackall, poor wretch. *.z- 
czyk "^ •'Zczka *", deceased, de- 
funct, -.tyczny " sky-high, very 
high. -»ze, -"Zatko " pitiable 
creature. ^ [stence. 

niebytnosc ^, absence; non-exi- 

niebywailiosc ^, want of know- 
ledge of the world. *.y '^ having 
no knowledge of the world. 

niecll, --aj <*? -^pisze etc., he may 
write etc.; ^visza etc., they may 
write etc. 

niecilCllac, -•^CV "? involuntarily ; 
chcac *.ac, will he, nill he. «weilie ^ 
od -.enia, unconstrainedly. 

niecheilc ^, dislike, disinclination, 
ill will, ^-tnosc^, unwillingness, 
aversion, --tny ?■ unwilling, re- 
luctant, dissatisfied, discontented. 

niecMuj "^ slut, sloven, -"nosc^, 
*stwo " slovenliness, sluttery. 
*ny ^ sluttish. 

niechno, vid. niech. 

niechrzescijansklli * unchristian. 
<• OSC ^' uuchristianness. 

niechwalac sie, without praise, 
niechybnilie "p infallibly, surely. 
/vy ^ infallible, sure. 



niechze, vid. niech. 

niecic '^f (ogitnj to light; (fig.j 
to stir, spoke. 

niecierpek '^ (hot.) balsamiue. 

niecierplliec ^^ to abominate, de- 
test, -liwic ^" to make im- 
patient. ^ ^ sie ^r to be out of 
patience, -liwie «? impatiently. 
-"liwosc \ impatience, -^liwy f 
impatient. 

niecka^, kneading-trough. ___ 

niecnllie*^? dishonourably, -osc s 
abominableness, dishonourable- 
ness. --Ota ^, vice; good-for- 
nothing (fellow). -*,y f dishonou- 
rable, abominable. 

nieco «? somewhat; a little, some. 

niecwiczony " unpractised, un- 
exercised. 

niecofniony " irrevocable. 

niecz§sto ^^ rarely. 

nieczuljle "^ coolly, insensibly, 
-lose ^, insensibility, heartless- 
ness. -iy"? insensible, impassible, 
unfeeling. 

nieczystllo ^^ uncleanly, -osc ^, 
nastiness, uncleanliness; impurity, 
uncleanness. -^y ^ uncleanly ; im- 
pure, unclean. 

nieczytelnliosc ^, illegibility, -y ? 

.^ illegible. 

niedawnllo <^f the other day, new- 
ly, recently; --o iemuy of late, 
lately, -y^ recent. 

niedballle "-^ carelessly, negligen- 
tiugly. /wlec, -lucb ™ careless 
man, careless woman, 

niedbalitosc \ -Istwo " careless- 
ness, negligence, -iy ^ neglectful, 
careless. 

niedobitki pi., (ivojskaj residue, 
remainder. 

niedob6r ^ deficit, deficiency. 

niedobllry" bad; unkind, -rze"-? 
badly; unkindly. 

niedocieczonllosc *", inscrutable- 
ncss. *.y ^ impenetrable. 

niedochodek, vid. niedonosek. 

niedogodllnie <*? incommodiously, 
inopportunely, -nasc ^. inoom- 



niedogryzki 



niegoscinny 



127 



modity. •ny f ill at tj«ae, in- 
convenient, inopportune, [meal). 

niedogryzki 2)1., remnants (of a 

niedojrzalllosc *", immaturity, un- 
ripeness, -ly ^ immature, unripe. 

niedoirzany ^ imperceptible. 

niedoktadiinie "? inaccurately, 
-^nosc *", inaccuracy, •.ny " in- 
accurate, [imperfect. 

niedokonany" unfinished; (gram.) 

niedokouczony " unfinished. 

niedokwaJIs ",' oxide, -.szac ^" 
to oxidise. *szenie ^ oxidation. 

niedola*", ill-luck, misfortune. 

niedoleliga^awkwardman.simple- 
ton; impotent man. -.znie <*? 
awkwardly. *znosc^, awkward- 
ness; impotence, --zny " indo- 
lent, awkward; impotent. •-stwo'J 
infirmity, maimedness; indolence; 
impotence. 

niedomagaliC ^" to feel indisposed, 
•^nie "J indisposition. 

niedomyslac sie ^^'CczegoJ to have 
no presentiment of. 

Uiedonollsek "^ ("med.J abortion. 
•-SZOny f abortive, aborted; * ~ 
ptod, abortion 

niedopalek"^ quenched firebrand. 

niedollpieczonyf underdone, not 
roasted thoroughly, -^rosiy ? 
not grown up, under age. 

niedorzeczllnosc ^, absurdity, pre- 
posterousness. *.ny ^ absurd, 
nonsensical. ' [unattainable. 

niedosciglity, •-niony ^ reachless, 

niedoskonalitoscj *", imperfection, 
-.iy ^ imperfect. [hearing. 

niedosiyszec ^'/ to be hard of 

niedosipac "f to sleep insuffi- 
ciently. 

niedostaiy, vid. niedojrzaty. 

niedostatellcznosc ^, insufficiency, 
••czny','^ insutlicient. -^k'^ need- 
ness, indigence; misery distress. 

niedostawac ^^ to want, be wan- 
ting. 

niedost^pljnosc ^, inacclssibleness. 
-^ny " inapproachable, inaccis- 
sible. 



niedootrzegalnllosc ^, impercep- 
tibleness. -y f inconspicuous, 
imperceptible. 

niedoswiadczllenie^ inexperience; 
greenness, •-ony" inexperienced, 

niedosziy " immature, [inexpert. 

niedotykalny " impalpable. 

niedouiczony" half-learned, •.k'^ 
half-learned man. 

niedowarzony f Co mipsiej un- 
done; (fig. J green. 

niedowiarii'ek "J unbeliever, hard 
of belief. *.stwo "J incredulity, 
disbelief; infidelity. 

niedowidziec^? to be half-sighted 

niedowierzallc ^f fkomuj to dis- 
trust a person, -jacy ^ diffident, 
distrustful, •'iiie'^ » diffidence, 
distrust. 

niedoz6r™ want of control, of care. 

niedozrzatosc ^, want of ripeness. 

niedoz wolony ? unallowed, illicit. 

niedufnOSC etc., vid. nieufnoscetc. 

nieduzo ^^ not much. 

Niedziellla ^, Sunday; week; za 
dwie niedziele, in two weeks, -.ny ? 
dominical, Sunday; indivisible. 

niedzwilladek "i small bear ; scor- 
pion. *.ednia ^, bear-pit; Czo.y 
mole-cricket, -vednik, -"Bdziarz™ 
bear-leader, -.edz '" fzoj bear, 
^edzi " bear . . . -.dzica *", she- 
bear, -^-edzie pi-, fur of a bear 

nieforemlinosc ^, deformity. «»ny " 
deformed, shapeless 

niefrasobliwy " free of sorrow. 

niegaszoniiy " unslaked, unquen- 
ched; ~e wapno, quicklime. 

niegdys ^? once. 

niegiadki f rough, rugged. 

niegO -^'T^ gen. & accus. od on. 

niegolldny, -•.dzien " unworthy^ 
undeserving. 

niegodzijlwie "^ illicitly; nefari- 
ously, abominably, -.wiec, -^jasz™ 
wretch, ruffian. •-WOSC ^ atrocity, 
vileness; illicitness. -•^wy" atro- 
cious, nefarious; illicit. 

uiegoscinnli'osc \ inhospitability 
*.y ^' inhospitable. 



128 njegospodarny 

niegospodarny •? thriftless. 

niegruntownie "-'^ superficially. 

niegrzeczllnosc ^, impoliteness; fu 
dziecij naughtiness, -^ny " im- 
polite; naughty. 

nieharmonijny ^ unharmonious. 

liiehonorowy f dishonest, dis- 
honourable, [it is so. 

llieiliaczej<^''P just so; fw odpowiedzij 

niejaklli, -is " certain, some, •.o"? 
in a certain manner. 

niejasli'no "^^ indistinctly, •.nose ^, 
want of clearness ; CfigJ imintel- 
ligibility, indistinctness. **ny " 
not clear; unintelligable , in- 
distinct. 

niejawny ^ unknown ; not evident. 

niejedli'en ^ many a. --naki, -^.na- 
kowy ^ diverse, different, -^na- 
kosc^, diversity. 

niekarllnosc ^, want of discipline, 
-•ny ^ undisciplined. [tholic. 

niekatolicki ^ uncatholic, not ca- 

niekiedy "? sometimes ; kiedy «,, 
occasionally, from time to time. 

niekontent " discontented, dis- 
satisfied. 

niekorzyllsc ^, disadvantage, da- 
mage, -wstny^ unprofitable, dis- 
advantageous. 

niekrwawy f bloodless. 

nieksztaitnliosc ^, abnormity, de- 
formity, •-y^illshaped, deformed. 

niektollry ?" somebody, '^rzypl., ^ 
some, several. 

niekunsztownllosc ^, artlessness. 
~y ^ artless. 

"uiekwaszony f unlpavened. 

nietacno <^? not easily, with diffi- 

nieiad "^ disorder. [culty. 

nieladaf uncommon; important. 

nieladnliie ^? unpleasantly; ~~ 
wygladac, to look unpleasant. 
*.y ^ uncomely. 

nielaska ^, disgrace. «^wie '^^ 
unkindly, inclemently. *-W0SC ^, 
malevolence, incleraeny. •-wy " 
unfriendly, unkind. 

nieledwie «p hardly, no sooner. 

nieleniwy f active, agile. 



nienaruszony 

nieletni f minor, under age. 

nieliczniiie «^? -'y ^ in small 
numbers. 

nielitosciwllosc ^, mercilessness, 
cruelty, •-y ^'' merciless, cruel. 

nieludz Iki ? inhuman, barbarous. 
-N'ko "•p inhumanly. *-kosc ^t in- 
humanity, barbarity. 

niema, -^sz, there is no . . ., there 
are no ...;*. go, he is not there. 

niemadllry ^ imprudent, foolish. 
^Yze^ ad imprudently. 

niemal "^ ^ilmost, nearly. 

niemczOec '^" to be germanised. 
-wye "^^ to gerraanise. *.yzna^, 
German manners and language. 

niemalllo ^^ pretty much, pretty 
many, -vy ^' not small, consi- 
derable, [unmanliness. 

niemezklli ^} unmanly, -osc ^, 

niemiara ^, co^, plenty, a world of. 

niemiec ^f to become dumb; to 
be wanting of. 

niemile ^^ unkindly; ^wa kogo 
2Jatrzec, to look at a person with 
an evil eye. 

niemilllo "-? to mi ^^ I am sorry 
for it. 'wOsiernie<^^ unmercifully. 
•'Osierny ^ pitiless, merciless. 
*.y ^ disagreable, unpleasant. 

niemoc^, infirmity; sickness. 

niemoralnllosc ^, immorality, -.y^ 
immoral. 

niemoli'ta ^, dumbness. *'Wa'^<6^, 
mute, dumb person. -.wle'J suck- 
ling baby, •.wlectwo ^ infancy, 
-^-wlecy " suckling's, infant. 

niemozllebnosc, -liwosc ^, im- 
possibility, -^ebny, -•'liwy " im- 
possible, -^nosc^, impotence. 

niemy ^ mute, dumb. 

niemylnie <^? aright, surely. 

nienackllo ^ z ••a, unawares, nn-^ 
expectedly, all of a sudden. 

nienajgorszy " not the worst. 

nienajgorzej ^^ passably. 

nienalezny f not findable. 

nienalezytosc ^. indecency, im» 
propriety. 

nienaruszony ? inviolable, intact. 



iiiena8ycono66 

ftlenasyconlloid ♦", insatiability, 
•y^ insatiable, [•-y" unnatural. 

nienatnralnl!oB6 \ unnaturalness. 

nienawilldzid ^'^ to hate ; — kogo 
/hnxtrttlnie, to hate a person like 
poison, •'dzony" odious, hated. 
m,it ^, hate, hatred, •stnosc *", 
odiousness. ^stny ? hatable, 
odious. ' [•'iiy^, abnormous. 

tiienormallnosc ', abnormity. 

nieobeclinosc ^, absence; (na 
sadziej non-attendance, m.jiy f 
UDsent; absentee. 

nieobliczony " incalculable. 

nieobowi^zujacy ? not binding, 
not obligatory. 

nieotronny f unfortified. 

nieobrzezany " uncircomcised. 

nieobyczajLnosc ^, immorality, 
•ny , immoral. [appreciable. 

nieoceniony *? inestimable, in- 

nieoclif dlldstwo " -oinosc ^, un- 
cleanliness, nastiness. •-oiny " 
uncleanly. [indispensable. 

nieodbi|Jcie<*? indispensably, '^-ty'f 

nieodigadnionyf undecipherable, 
••iaczny " inseparable, indisso- 
luble, -mienny f (gram.) in- 
declinable, -.porny? irresistible. 

uieodpowielldniosc ^, unfitness, 
unsuitableness. •-dni ^ unfit, un- 
suitable, •.dzialnyf irresponsible. 

nieodJIrodny ? not degenerate, 
being like one's own stock. 
-•St^pny ^ inseparable. 

nieodwloczllnie '^f without delay, 
immediately, •ny f immediate. 

nieodwolalllnosc ^, irrevocable- 
uess. •.Inyfirrevocable. [missing. 

nieodzatowany " being always 

nieodzowllnie"? irrevocably; in- 
dispensably. •noscUrrevocable- 
ness; indispensableness. -*ny ^ 
irrevocable ; indispensable. 

nieogamionyf incomprehensible, 
inconceivable. 

nieogl§dnliie <*? inconsiderately. 
-OSC \ inconsiderateness. •y "^ 
inconsiderate, indiscreet. 
Qi^M polsko-angielska. . 



niepodejrzany 129 

nieograniczonllosc ^ ilUmitable- 
ness. •rvfi illimitable. 

nieokreslilnyf indefinable;/^sfram.; 
indefinite. <«oiiy " unconfined, 
unlimited ; indescribable. 

nieokrzesallnie " rudeness. -*ny? 
rude, uncivilized. 

nieomal <*f nearly, 

nieomylllnosc ^, infallibility, iner- 
rableness. •riiy " infallible, iner- 

iiieopatrzny,v»d.nieo^ie(ijiy. [rable. 

nieopisany " indescribable. 

niecpiacony'? unpaid; Cfig.J in- 
valuable. 

nieopodal «^?> not far from: 

nieorganiczny f^ inorganic. 

nieosobilscie <**> impersonally. 
•-Bty f impersonal^ 

nieostroinllosc ^, improvidence, 
incautiousness. *y ^ incautious. 

nieoswiecllenie ^ incivihsation. 
'^ony f not illuminated ; unedu- 
catea. 

nieoswojonyf haggard, untamed. 

nieoszacowany" inestimable, in- 
valuable. 

niepaml^llc ^, oblivion; puidi w •c, 
to commit to oblivion. -*tliwy " 
forgetful, •^tny f immemorial. 

nieparzysty f (o Uczbachj oddy. 

niepetnoletnosc ^ minority, in- 
fancy. 

niepewnllosc ^, uncertainly, doubt- 
fulness, •y ^ uncertain, doubt- 
ful; unreliable. 

melipisEiienny" (totally) illiterate, 
-platny ^ unpaid, unsalaried. 

niepiodljnosc ^, barrenness, steri- 
lity, •-ny , unfruitful, infertile, 
sterile. [sure. 

nieplonny ^ (o nadzieij certain, 

niepo chlebny f not very flattering. 

niepocieszony ^ inconsolable. 

niepoczciwiliec ^ dishonourable 
man, •-osc ^, want of probity, 
•.y ^ dishonest. 

niepoczesniiie * ^ - wygladad, to 
look homely, look poor, •.osc ^, 
homeliness, •.y f poor-looking. 

niepodejrzany *t unsuspected. 
9 



130 niepodlegle 

niepodlegllle "-^ iudepv,.dcui,.,. 
-lose \ independence. *.ly ^ in- 
dependent. 

niepodobllienstwo^ dissimilituae; 
impossibility; — do praivdy, im- 
probability. *.ny " dissimilar; 
impossible ; <^ *, rfo wiary, incre- 
dible; -. ~ doprawdy, improbable; 
*,na, it is impossible. 

niepodzielnllosc ^, indivisibility. 
^y « impartible, indivisible. 

niepoetycznie ^^ unpoetically. 

niepogollda ^, unfriendly weather. 
-^-dny ^ fo powietrzu etc.) incle- 
ment,unfriendly. [unmanageable. 

niepohamowany ^ ungovernable. 

niepojetlinosc ^, indocility, -ny" 
indocile, -.osc ^, inconceivable- 
ness. -y " inconceivable, in- 
comprehensiblCc 

niepollkalany ? unspotted (fig.) 
immaculate ; -^-kalane poczpcie, 
Immaculate Conception, '^kazny^ 
plain- looking. 

niepollk6j "", trouble, anxiety, dis- 
quietude, -koiacy ? disquieting, 
alarming, ••koic ^"^ to disturb, 
disquiet, alarm. 

niepollkupiiy ^ Co towarze) having 
no ready sale, •-liczony " in- 
numerable, numberless. 

iliepolitycziiy " impolitic, im- 
prudent; (fam.J impolite. 

niepolsM?' notPolish, badPoIish; 
foreign to the Polish mind. 

niepomatll <*? in a high degree. 

niepomiarkowanilie "l immodera- 
teness, excess. *.ie ^^ immode- 
rately, intemperately. *.yf^ im- 
moderate, intemperate. 

niepomiemie "? in a high degree. 

nieponmy ? unmindful (of). 

niepomyslnllOSC ^, adversity, dis- 
appointment. *.y ^ adverse ; un- 
favourable; <*e, vjiadomo^ci , ill- 
tidings. 

niepopiatny ? fo towarze) ill paid. 

niepoprawnllOSC *", incorrigibility; 
incorrectness, -.y ^ incorrigible; 
incorrect. 



niepozyteczny 

iiieporadnllosc ^. awkwardness, 
*.y f awkward. 

niepor6wnan!iie ^? incomparably. 
-*y ^ incomparable. [<lin.^- 

nieporozumienie "J misunder^tan- 

nieporuszl'enie "? immovably. 
-^ony ^ untouched; (fig.) immo- 
vable; (fig, J insensible. 

nieporzalldek "^ disorder, con- 
fusion. *■ •.dnie "? disorderly, in 
disorder, -.dnv ^ disorderly, 
slovenly. _ _ 

nieposloromionyf unconquerable. 

nieposlakowanllie'^'pirreproacha- 
bly.*.y^b)ameless,irroproachable; 
honourable. 

nieposlednjji, niepospolity" un- 
common, extraordinary. *io, 
niepospollcie «p uncommonly, 
extraordinarily. 

nieposlullszenstwo "J disobedi- 
ence, -szny 'f disobedient. 

niepostrzez||enie<^^imperceptibly. 
•'Ony " unperceived. 

nieposwi^cony " unhallowed, 
profane. [disregard. 

nieposzanowanie "J disrespect, 

nieposzlakowany, vid. nieposiako- 
uany. [ceseary. 

niepotrzebny f needless, unne- 

niepowetowany ^ irreparable, 
irrecoverable. 

niepowodzenie " miscarriage. 

niepowoiany ^ uncalled for. 

niepowrotnllie ^^ past help, past 
redress, -.y ^ irrevocable, irre- 
parable. 

niepozadany ^ unwished for, ua» 
seasonable. 

niepowsciagliwilosc U inconti- 
nence, •y ^ incontinent. 

niepoznali'c '*^? to mistake, mis- 
understand, -wka^, dia -».]a , for 
not being recognised. *.nie 7 
mistaking, -^ny ? mistaken. 

niepozomllosc *i unsightliness^ 
homelines. •.y^unsightly,homely. 

niepozwalac ^^ not to permit, 

1 not to allow. 

1 niepozytecznyf useless, of no use 



niepozyto^6 

niepoiytllosc ^, indestructiblencss. 
-.y "f indestructible. 

nieprawllda *i untruth, falsehood, 
-dziwy ? untrue, false. 

nieprawidlollwosc *", anomaly, 
irregularity, -wy ? irregular, 
anomalous. 

nieprallwny " unlawful, illegal, 
-wosc *i misdeed ; vice, •wy f 
vicious, mean, bad; misbegotten. 

nieprfdJko <*? not soon. 

nieproszony ^ unbidden, unin- 
vited; importune. [easy. 

nieprzebiemy ^ not fastidious, 

nieprzebtagany f implacable. 

nieprzebrany , inexhaustible. 

nieprzebyty '^ impassable. 

nieprzedalljny ? unsaleable, in- 
corruptible, •.wniony ^ not for- 
feited by prescription. 

nieprzejednany ^ irreconciliable. 

nieprzejrzllany f immeasurable; 
impenetrable, ••ystosc *", opacity, 
-ysty " untransparent, opaque 

nieprzellliczony " iuaumerable. 
-makainy ? impermeable. 

nieprzemienny f invariable, im- 
mutable. 

nieprzenikliwy f impenetrable. 

nieprzerwanliie <*p without inter- 
ruption, continually, •.y " un- 
interrupted, unremitting. 

nieprzespanlly ^ past waking; 
noc -.a, (fig.) death. [stant. 

nieprzestanny f continual, con- 

nieprzewidziany ? unforeseen, 
unlooked for. 

nieprzezomllosc ^, improvidence, 
imprudence. m,j ^ improvident. 

nieprzezroczystllosc ^, opacity, 
•y ^ opaque, untransparent. 

nieprzezwyciezony f invicible, 
unconquerable. 

nieprzychyllinosc *", disinclination, 
disaffection. *iiy ^ averse, dis- 
affection ate. 

nieprzydatny ? useless, inapt. ' 

nieprzyjaciliel '^ enemy, toe; ad- 
versary, -elskif inimical, hostile. 
<^61ka^, female enemy. 



nieroztropny 131 

nieprzyjilazn ^. hostility, enmity. 
*aznie ^^ hostilely. --azny ? 
malevolent, hostile. «*ei]iliosc ^, 
unpleasantness, inconvenience. 
*emny f disagreeable. 

nieprzymnszony '?' incoustrained; 
('figj natural, unaffected. 

nieprzystepniiosc *", inaccessibili- 
t.v. •y ^""inaccessible. 

nieprzystojiinosc ^, impropriety, 
indecency, •.ny ? improper, in- 
decent. 

nieprzytomn'osc ^, absence; ab- 
seuce of mind, -.y *^ absent ; 
having no presence ot mind. 

nieprzyzwoillcie <^? indecently. 
•^-tOSC *i unbecoraingness, inde- 
cency. *ty f unbecoming, in- 

niepyszny ^ ashamed, [decent. 

nierad , discontented ; -* trace 
przyjaciitf I am sorry to lose 
friends. [once. 

nieraz "? many a time, more than 

nieregulamHosc ^, irregularity. 
^y " irregular. 

nierogacizna ^, small cattle. 

nierowllnie ^^ much. *.no **? 
unequally, •-nosc *i inequality; 
unevenness, ruggedness. •-iiy ? 
unequal; uneven, rugged. 

nierozdzielilnosc ^, indivisibleness; 
inseparability. /*ny^ inseparable; 
indivisible, [-^znalny? indistinct. 

nierozellrwany f indissoluble. 

nierozilgamienie ^ thoughUess- 
ness. •-gamiety ^ thoughtless 
imprudent. [-^y ^ inseparable- 

nieroztacznilosc ^, inseparability. 

nierozlimysinie**? inconsiderately, 
thoughtlessly, •-myslnosc^, in- 
considerateness. -myslnyf in- 
considerate, thoughtless. 

nierozpnszczalnilosc ^, indisso- 
lubleness. m,y ^ indissoluble. 

nierozsadliek ^ unreasonableness, 
want of judgment, •nyf unrea- 
sonable, [undetermined 

nierozstrzygniety' * undecided, 

nieroztropnllosc ^, imprudence, 
•y f imprudent, unwise. 



132 



nierozum 



niestosowno^6 



nierozum "I want of sense, foolish- 
ness, -.ny ^f' unwise, foolish. 

nierozwa'i'ga *", inconsideration, 
thoughtlessness, •^ziiy *? thought- 
less, inconsiderate. 

aierozwiazalnlosc ^, indissolubi- 
lity, -.y', nierozwiazany " in- 
dissoluble. 

nierozwiktany ^ inextricable. 

nierucliawllosc ^, slowness, inani- 
mateness. *.y" inanimate, lifeless. 

nierucholimosc ^, immobility, 
-moscip^, immovablespL •my? 
immovable, motionless. 

nierycerski " unknightly, un- 
chivalrous, 

nierychtllo "^ late, -y f late. 

nierymowy ^ without rhyme, 
blank. 

nierzad "^ disorder; anarchy; 
(rozpasta) lewdness. -^nica *", 
strumpet, prostitute. <*ny ?■ las- 
civous, unchaste. 

nierzetelllnosc \ dishonesty. -*ny? 
disbonest, unjust 

niesc 
wear 
people say. [-vy ? uncleanly. 

nieschludm'osc \ uncleanlines's. 

niesforllnosc *", refractoriness,want 
of discipline. -*ny ? refractory, 
obstinate. 

nieskazitelllnosc ^, unspottedness, 
immaculateness. «vny? inviolable; 
incorrupt(ed). 

nieskazonllosc ^, incorruptness. 
-^y"^* unspotted; ^/i^.;uncorrupted. 

nieskladnllosc *", awkwardness; 
unwieldiness. ••.y ? awkward; 
unwieldy; preposterous, inapt. 

nieskonczllenie "? infinitely, -o- 
nosc ^, infinity, infinitness.«.onyf 
infinite, endless. [slow, dull. 

nieskorilo "^p slowly, dully, ^.y f 

nieskromllnosc *", immodesty, in- 
solence. <*ny " immodest; high- 
handed, insolent. 

nieskutecznilosc ^, inefficacy, in- 
eflicaciousness. -»y?inefilcacious, 
ineflfectual. 



^f to carry; bring; (odziezj 
; (jajaj lay; wieic niesie, 



niesiallwa ^, dishonour, disgrace, 
infamy. *.wny ? disgraceful in- 
famous. 

nieslowny ? faithless. 

nieslubny ? natural, illegitimate. 

niestusznIIOSC ^, iniquity; wrong; 
viiec '^ •-, to be wrong, •-y ? in- 
equitable; wrong. 

niestychanllie "f exceedingly, ex- 
cessively, -ry ? imprecedeuted, 
never heard of. 

niesmaczny ? insipid, tasteless. 

niesmialiio "? timidly, shyly. 
<*tosc *i shyness, timidity, -►iy? 
shy, coy, timid. 

niesmiertelilnosc ^, immortality, 
•ny " immortal. 

niesnadnie «? hardly, arduously. 

niesnaskipZ., dissonance, dissen- 

niespanie "i waking. [sion. 

niespeina ^} a httle less than; 
bye <• rozumu, to be disordered 
in one's brains. 

niespiawny " innavigable. 

niesplik "J fbotj medlar. 

niespodzillanie "? unawares, 
^■ewany ? unexpected. 

lliespokoj||nie"?unquietly;troubIe- 
s'-mely. -.nosc *", anxiousness; 
disquitude. -^ny ? unquiet; 
troublesome; uneasy, ill at ease, 

niespoimierny ? incommensu- 
rable. 

niesporllo ^^ slowly; •'O viu, Lis 
work does not progress favou- 
rably, -.y f unthriving. 

niespos!l6b *", it is impossible. 
-obnosc *", inaptitude, --obny f 
unfit, inapt. 

niespozyty ^ perennial. 

niesprawiedliwL'osc ^, injustice, 
^y «• unjust. 

niesprawny ? inexpedient. 

niespuszczac ^? ~ oka z czego, to 
fix the eyes upon 

niestatllosc , niestatecznosc ^ ', 
inconstancy, instability, •.y, nio- 
stateczny " inconstant, unsteady. 

niestety ^^ alas! 

niestosowllnosc ^, unfitness, un- 



niestosowny 

suitableness, •-ny " unfit, un- 
suitable. 

niestrawilnosc ^, indigestion, 
•ny f indigestible, painstaking. 

niestllrudzony " indefatigable. 
•worzony , unheard of, incre- 
dible. 

niesumienllnosc ^,unconscionable- 
nees. --ny " unconscionable, un- 
scrupulous. 

nieswiadomllosc *i ignorance; un^ 
consciousness. *.y^ ignorant, un- 
conscious. 

nieswieiy ^ withering ; (w kuchar- 
.stwiej getting high. [red. 

Iliesw6j ? indisposed ; ill-huraou- 

Hieszczerilosc *", insincerity. m,j f 
Insincere. *.ze "? insincerely. 

nieszczfilscicsif "^r^sci mi sip we 
wszystkiem, I am unlucky in every 
thing. •BCie ^ misfortune, mis- 
chief, ill-luck, adversity, na * *, 
unhappily,unfortunately.*8liwyf 
unfortunate, fatal; fo oaohiej \in- 
happy. •-sny ^ ill-fated, unlucky. 

nieszkodliwllosc **, Innocuousness. 
•-y ^ innocuous, harmless. 

nieszlachllcianka ^, woman of the 
middle classes, •.cic "^ commoner, 
non-noble. •ecM ^ non-noble, 
••etaiosc^, Ignobleness. *etiiy ? 
ignoble, mean. 

nieszpetlinoBC *", prettiness, come- 
liness, ^ny ^ comely, pretty. 

nieszporllny " of vespers ; kazanie 
<»ne, afternoon-sermon. »y pi , 
yespers pi. 

nieszyty ? unsewed. 

nietajno "? as is well-known. 

nietaktowny " CfigJ without tact. 

nietf glli f commonplace, mediocre. 
*0 *y 80, so. 

nietknif ty f untouched. 

nietoperz '^ CzoJ bat, rear-mouse. 

nietopliwy ^ infusible. 

nietowarzysklli ? unsociable. 
-"08<3 ^, unsoclableness. 

nietrafttllosc ^, fallaciousness, in- 
correctness. *y f wrong, erro- 

D«0U8. 



nieul^kiy 133 

nietrOSZCZacy si? ? Co coj uncon- 
cerned about. 

nietrwalile«p not durably, -iosc^, 
want of durability; instability. 
*ly ^ not durable, not lasting; 
inconstant; perishable. 

nietyka'H:ek ^ CbotJ noli-me-tan- 
gere. *.inosc *i intangibility ; in- 
violability. -*lny ^ iatangible; 
unimpeachable. 

nietylko «? not only; , ale..., 

not only . . . but also . . . 

nieubtaganllosc ^, inexorableness. 
•-y f inexorable. 

nieuchron'inosc ^, inevitableness, 
unavoidableness. •.ny f unavoi- 
dable, inevitable. 

nieuctwo ^ ignorance. 

nienczciliwosc ^, dishonesty, dis- 
ingenuity. •wy f dishonest, dis- 
honourable. 

nieuczony f unlearned, illiterate. 

nieuczynllnosc ^, disobligingness, 
incivility. *.ny ? disobliging, un- 
civil. 

nieudllac si§ "^T to miscarry, fail ; 
nie udato vii sie, I have not suc- 
ceeded, --any , unfeigned, •.at- 
nosc ', deformedness, misshape, 
-^atny f deformed, misshapen. 
••olnosd *", inability, incapacity, 
-•olny " unable, incapable. 

nieufilnosc ^, distrust, diflTidence. 
*.ny f distrustful, diffident. 

nieugaszony " unquenchable. 

nieugiflltosd ^, inflexibility, •.ty'? 
inflexible, hard. 

nienjeidJony f not broken in. 

nieuk "^ ignorant; stupid man. 

nieukojony f unappeasable. 

nieukontentowaJInie'J discontent, 
dissatisfaction, •-ny ? disconten- 
ted, dissatisfied. 

nieukrdcony " unabridged; un- 
governable, fierce. 

nieuleczalnllosc incurability. ^, 
nieuleczony " incurable. 

nieulfkiiiosc ', intrepidity. *y f 
intrepid. 



134 nieumiejacy ' 

nieTuniejIIacyf not knowing, •.^t- 
nosc^, ignorance; unacquainted- 
nes8. •'^tny " ignorant; unac- 
quainted with. 

Eienmysliillie «f undesignedly, 
without design. *.y f undesigned. 

Xiieiimyty f unwashed, nasty. 

niennikiiioiiy ^ inevitable. 

nieuprawllnioiiy " illegal, irregu- 
lar, -fc-ny ^ not cultivated. 

meuprzedzony ? unprejudiced. 

aieurodzaj ™ bad harvest, failure 
of crops. 'N'liOSC ^. infertility, 
sterility, •ny f unfruitful, sterile, 
barren. 

jueustannllosc ^, continuance,ever- 
lastingness. *y, nieustajacy f 
without intermission, incessant, 
continual; nieustajaca wystawa, 
permanent exhibition. 

nienstraszllenie ^} intrepidly, 
•onosc ^, intrepidity. •rOny " 
intrepid, undaunted. 

nieuszanowanie" irreverence, dis- 
regarding, [maged. 

nieuszlrodzony ^ unhurt, unda- 

nieuszykowany f not drawn up 
in battle array. [beaten. 

nientorowany f untrodden, un- 

nieutlLLony?^unappeasable,stanch- 
less. 

nieawallga ^, inconsideration, in- 
advertency, -^zanie "! ("na kogoj 
incoDsiderateness of. -^zny " in- 
attentive. 

Bieuzasadniony ? unfounded. 

nieuzbrojony j unarmed. 

nieuzyteczllnosc \ uselessness, 
unserviceableness. •-ny " useless, 
unserviceable, fruitless. 

nienzytnilosc \ inapplicability,un- 
fitness. -^y ^ inapplicable, unfit. 

nieuzytllosc *", inofllciousness, dis- 
obligingness. *.y^ inofficious,dis- 

nieuzywanie ^ disuse, [obliging. 

uiewarowny ^ unfortified. 

niewart " not worth, •-o , it is 
not worth while. 

-.liewatpliwllosc \ indisputability, 
•.y ^ doubtless. 



niewola 

niewazilnosc ^, (jur.) invalidity, 
nullity ; worthlessness. •^ny" in- 
valid, void; worthless. 

niewczljas ™ over-exertion, fati- 
gue (by waking), i^as **? un- 
timely, out of season; po <«-a8iet 
too late, unseasonably, ^esnosc ^, 
inopportuneness. <«esiiy 'f inop- 
portune, illtimed. 

niewdziecznliica^, unthankful wo- 
man. X,ik '^ unthankful man. 
••OSC \ ingratitude, ungrateful- 
ness, -y^ ungrateful, unthankful. 

niewesoUlO «j> unjoyously, joy- 
lessly. --OSC \ joylessness. -.y f 
joyless. 

niewiadomllo '^f nobody knows. 
*OSC \ ignorance, ^.y f unknown. 

niewiara fi disbelief; infidelity; 
(fig. J unbeliever. " 

niewiasta ^, woman. 

niewidomllie, niewidzialnle <*? 
invisibly, -.y f blind; invisible, 
-y " blind man. 

niewidzialllnosc ^, invisibility. 
-Iny ^ invisible. *,ny ^ unseen. 

niewiedzilacy <*? without my (our 
etc.) knowledge, -.iec '"f not to 
know, to be ignorant of. 

niewlellle **? not much, a little. 
^M pi., not many, a few. 

niewiernilii'J., the infidels, ••osc ', 
faithlessness; infidelity. *.y * 
faithless , perfidious ; unbelie- 
ving. 

niewiesci ? womanish, womanlike. 
m,Q, ^^ to effeminate, emasculate. 
*.ec ^? to effeminate. *.iicll ™ 
weakling, tenderling ; ladies' man. 

niewin'liatko " innocent being, in- 
nocent; (^/?<7 J dissembler. '%'UOSC ^, 
inculpableness, innocence, -^ny? 
inculpable, innocent, guiltless. 

niewtasciilwosc ^, unbecoming- 
ness; incompetency, ••wy" un- 
becoming; incompetent. 

niewdd ^ trammel, drag-net. 

niewoljla ^, slavery, servitude ; con- 
straint, compulsion; coz mi tego 
2a ^^ a? 1 am not necessitated to 



niewolnic 

do so. -.ic ^f to compel, ne- 
cessitate. *.nica*", female slave. 
•'iiiczo ^ slavishly, -niczy " 
slavish, •-nik ^ slave. *no **? 
it is not allowed. > 

niewprawllnosc ^, want of prac- 
tise or exercise, •-ny " unexer- 
cised, unpractised. 

niewstrzemi§zliwl!osc ^, inconti- 
nence, intemperance. *.y ^ in- 
temperate, incontinent. 

niewstyd ™ --nose ^, impudence, 
shamelessness. *.ny ^ shameless, 
impudent, > 

niewtajemniczony ^ uninitiaded. 

niewyczerpany " inexhaustible. 

niewygoiida ^, inconvenience, un- 
easiness, in commodity. ».dny ? 
uneasy, inconvenient. [healed. 

niewyligojony, --leczony " un- 

niewykonalllnosc ^, impracticabi- 
lity, •-ny?' iufeasable, impracti- 
cable, [nable. 

niewykorzeniony "? inextermi- 

niewyinownliie , niewypowie- 
dzianie ^^ extraordinarily, in- 
effably, -yjiiiewypowiedziaiiy? 
ineffable, unsi)eakable. 

niewymuszllenie "? unaffectedly. 
•-onosc ^, naturalness, unaffected- 
ness. •'Ony f natural, unaffeted ; 
artless, 

niewymyslny " not fastidious. 

niewypieczony f not sufficiently 
baked. 

niewyplacalnllosc ^, insolvency, 
^y ^ insolvent. 

niewyraznllosc ^, indistin ctne ss. 
•-y , indistinct. 

niewyrozumialiiosc ^, want of in- 
dulgence, severity, •■iy f not 
indulgent, severe. ~ 

ni^wystowiony " ineffable. 

niewyspany ^ not having done 
sleeping. 

niewytrawny ? inexperienced- 

niewystaiy " fo xcinie etc.) un- 
settled, troubled. 

niewytt6maczony? inexplicable. 

niewytrawnllosc ♦", inexperience. 



iiiezbgdno^6 135 

--y f fo winie etc. J unseasoned ; 
ffig.J inexperienced. 

niewytrzymalltosc ^, want of en- 
durance; fna zimnoj incapability 
of enduring (cold), •-ty " fecble> 
weak; (na zimnoj y incapable of 
enduring (cold). 

niewjrwrotny f not overturnable. 

niewzruszL'enie <^? fiig.) immo- 
vably, -onosc^, (jig.) immova- 
bility, firmness, -ony ^ ffigj 
immoved, immovable, firm. 

niezabawem. vid. niehawem. 

niezabudka v6o<.; forget-me-not. 

niezachwiany " immovable, bold, 
firm. [tact. 

niezaczepiony f not attacked, in- 

niezadiugo <^^ in a short time. 

niezadowol||(ni)enie "J discontent, 
dissatisfaction, •.(ni)ony f dis- 
content, dissatisfied. [cant. 

niezajety" unoccupied; free; va- 

niezalezllnosc \ independence, 
-ny ^ independent. [sert. 

niezaludniony ^ depopulated, de- 

niezamezna ♦", single, unmarried. 

niezamieszkaly *? uninhabited. 

niezamknifty " open. 

niezapieczetowany " unsealed.* 

niezapisany ? (papier) blank. 

niezapominajka ^, (hot.J forget- 
me-not. 

niezaprzeczilenie ^^^ indisputably; 
incontestably. -^onosc *", indis- 
putability, -^ony" incontestable. 

niezarosty ^* not covered with 
verdure, bushless. 

niezasiany ^ unsown. 

niezaslnzllenie "? undeservedlyc 
--ony 'f unmerited. 

nieza-tarty ^ indelible. 

niezarty pi-, z nim ~, be is not tc 
be joked with; (rzecz)m,^ (a thin^) 
of consequence. 

niezawistosc *", independence. 

niezawodllnie ^p infallibly, cer- 
tainly, •'iiosc*", reliableness, su- 
reness; infallibility, •-ny " re- 
liable, sure ; infallible. 

niezb^dllnosc *", indispensableness, 



136 niezb^'dny 

necessltj. •.ny ? indispensable, 
necessary. 

niellzbity f irrefutable. 

niezboznllica^, *ik" irreligionist. 
•OSC *i irreligion. -.y *f impious, 
irreligious. 

niezdartja "^ (fam.) unwieldy man. 
••ny " dumsy, unwieldy. 

niellzdatnOSC, vid. niezdolno^c. 
•zdobyty f^ inexpugnable. 

niezdom'losc t, incapability, inabi- 
lity, unfitness, -.y f unfit, in- 
capable. 

niezdrdw, vid. niezdrowy. 

niezdrowllie "J unhealthiness, in- 
disposition, -►o "-f unhealthily. 
•,y ^ unhealthy, unwholesome. 

niezemszczony ?^ unavenged, un- 
revenged. 

niezgasiy ? inextinguishable. 

niezgtebiony ? inscrutable, un- 
investigable. 

niezgoljda *", disagreement,discord. 
••dllOSC^, unsociableness; incon- 
gruity, inconsistency, -.dny f 
unsociable; inconsistent; incon- 
gruent. 

niezgojony f unhealed. 

niezgollrszy " passable. .%rzej '^ 
passably. 

niezgrablla, --iasz '^ ffam.) awk- 
ward fellow, -wnosc^v awkward- 
ness, -i-ny " awkward, clumsy. 

niezle '^^ pretty well. 

niezliczonllosc ^, innumerability. 
*y '^ numberless, innumerable. 

Xliezi:oiXLii||08C *i unbreakableness ; 
(fig.) inflexibility, •.y ^ un- 
breakable; (fig.) inflexible. 

niezty " pretty good. 

niezmienllnosc *", immutability. 
«.ny ^ uiialterable, unchangeable. 

niezmieiilnie "-^ uncommonly, 
very much, -.nosc*", immensity, 
hugeness, ^-ny " immense, very 
great, very large. 

niezmierzonllosc *i immensurabi- 
lity, infmitness. -y ^ measure- 
less, immeasurable. [led. 

niezmieBzany? unmixed, unming- 



mezywy 

niezmordowanllie <*? indefati- 
gably. *.y ^ indefatigable. 

niezmyslony ? real, in specie; 
sincere. 

nieznacz^acy ? ntc-^, insignificant, 
meaningless, -nie ^ insensibly; 
by little and little. *,ny ? in* 
sensible, imperceptible. 

nleznajollmosc *", unacquainted- 
ness. -my " unacquainted. 

nieznany" unknown; inglorious. 

nieznosnllosc ^, insupportableness, 
intolerableness. ^.y ^ insuppor- 
table, intolerable. 

nieznuzlienie «? indefatigably. 
-ony ? indefatigaole. 

niezohiiellrski ? unsoldi^like. 
-rz ^ bad soldier. 

niezonaty ^ unmarried, single. 

niezrazony f not discouraged. 

niezrbwnany ? incomparable, 
matchless. 

niezrozniuillale ^ unintelligibly. 
•o-dAost *", unintelligibility,obscuri-. 
ty. -aiy " unintelligible, -.enie " 
misunderstandingjinisconception. 

niezupelnllie "-^ not quite, -.osc ^, 
incompleteness. -*y?^ incomplete; 
defective. 

niezuzyty" that cannot be wasted. 

niezwalczony ^ invincible, un- 
conquerable. 

niezwatlony ^ undecayed. 

niezwifdiy f unfaded ; (iig.) im- 
mortal, [quented. 

niezwiedzany " unvisited, unfre- 

niezwtocznilie "? without delay, 
•-y ^ immediate. 

niezwycif zonllosc \ invincibility, 
*.y ^ invincible. 

niezwyczajny"uncommon; (czegoj 
unaccustomed to. 

niezwyklllosc *i uncommonness, 
unusualness. -^.ty " uncommon, 
unusual. [~y " malevolent. 

niezyczliwilosc ^i malevolence. 

niezyskowny ? unprofitable, not 
lucrative. 

niezylljacy f dead. *.wy f lifeless, 
inanimate. 



iiiezyzno§6 

liieiyznilosc *", imfniitfulness, ste- 
rility, •.y ^ unfruitful, barren. 

niglldy <*? never, at no time; na 
iivie.ty •'dy, at letter Lammas. 
*.dzie ^f nowhere. [hilisra. 

nihilillsta ^ nihilist, •.zm ^ ni- 

nijak, -^O "? by no means; in no 
way. *i f neither, neither off 
nor on; (gram.) neuter; jesteni 
dzii '•'i, I do not know what is 
the matter with me today, -osc \ 
indecisiveness. 

mkczemiinic '^'f to disgrace, dis- 
honour. *niec^ to become vile, 
-nik'^ villain, vile man. •-nosc*", 
abjection baseness. *.iiy " vile, 

nikiel™ nickel. [base. 

nikiily" fugitive ; very petty, finny. 
-"Iiac ^^* to disappear, vanish; 
Cfig^j to waste away, -.nienie ^ 
fading away, vanishing. 

nikotj^na*", nicotin(e). 

nikii^^'',' nobody, no one. -«.6rf dy^P 
by no way, through no way. 

niin ? before, ere. •^^^f ahl.odon. 

nimfa *", nymph. *. lesna \ wood- 
nymph, dryad. 

niniejszy f present, actual j in 
question, inclosed. 

Iiisklli •;' low ; of low stature ; Cglos) 
bass. <*o '''^^ lowly; alow, -.osc^, 
lowness ; (urodztniaj ignobleness. 

nisza^, niche. 

niszcz'lyc ^f to destroy ; to ruin ; 
fodzienie) s^oW. •-ec^^'^ •'ycsi^^f 
to waste; to be ruined ; Co odzieniuj 
to be spoiled ; to wear out. ^.y- 
Ciel "^ destroyer. 

nit "I rivet, -owac *"? to rivet, 
clinch, -rownik " riveter. 

nitka ^, thread; (anat.) fiber; 
zmokngc do nitki, to be wetted 
(drenched) to the skin. 

liitrogliceryna ^, (chemj nitro- 
glycerine. 

niuch '^ (tdbaki) pinch of snuff. 
"•-ac ^'^ tahdkf ->. •», to take snuff. 

niu'nia, -iika ^, &\ green-horn, 

niwa^', field, plain. [puppy. 

niwecz "? w ~ obrdcid, to destroy 



normalnj 137 

from top 10 bottom, -^yc ^? to 
destroy, ruin, mar , Czamiary czyjtj 
frustrate, disappoint. 

niwelilacya *", levelling, •-ator "1? 
leveller. «*owac '"f to level. 

mi, --eli <*p than. 

niza, vid. nlfza. 

nizac "^f" to thread, to string: 

nizby ^^ rather than, than. 

niiej «? lower; Cw ksiazccj below; 
under (tao age of). 

nizliina^, low country, •-incliiiy? 
very low; of very low stature. 
•-M, vid. niski. 

niznik "^ Cw kartachj knave. 

nizszIIOSC ^, inferiority. *y f in- 
ferior; of lower stature; naj- 
nizszy sluga, humble servant. 

no *, C-, zaczynajfj come ! ~, a wie.c! 
well ! ^, juz dohrze ! why ! 

no CprzyrostekJ, patrz ^ ! look here ! 

nobilitllacya ^, ennoblement, -o- 



wac 



to ennoble. 



noc^, nigbt; przez ~, over night; 
w *y, •■a, a -night; dzis w ^.y, 
to-night, "-.leg '^ night's lodging, 
--nica ^, phantom of the night; 
(female) night-walker ; fzo. J moth. 
•-nik™ night-wanderer ; chamber- 
pot, -.ny ^ nightly. -.Qwac "^ 
to pass the night. 

n6cic ^f to sing, tune; -. pod no^ 
sem, to hum. 

noga *; foot, leg; Cu stoiuj leg; 
do gdry ~ mi, pell-mell ; ~ za noga, 
step by step ; nog^ komupodstawic, 
to trip a person up. -l '^ long- 
legged man. —wka ^, that part 
of trousers which covers one leg. 

nogietek '^ fbotj marigold. 

nomenklatura ^» nomenclatura 

nominliacya ^, nomination, ap- 
pointment ; letter.^i-patent, patent 
of investiture. *owac ^f to no- 
minate, appoint, •.owanie 7 iio- 
mination, appointment. 

nora^, hiding-place, kennel. 

norbertan ^ Norbertine 

norma ^^ basis, standard. *»lny* 
normal. 



138 norymberszczyzna 

noryinberszczyzna ^, German oi 
Nuremberg toys. 

nos ^ nose ; fu d^hanka etc.) spout; 
tip; zadzierac -*a, to be stuck- 
up; patrz swego -^a/ care about 
your own business! •.al "I man 
•with a long nose. *acizna ^, 
fwetj equinia. *.aty ? nosed; 
big-nosed; Co koniuj glander.ed. 
•-ek "^ small nose; ("u piu raj nib; 
(hot.) *kij3^, stork's bill ; snout. 

nosijlc ^? to carry; fodzitz) wear. 
*C sie ^r to dress. -^ciel "\ 
porter,*" carrier, •-dta pi., hand- 
barrow. > 

nosny f portable; lasting, strong ; 
iioina kiira, laying-hen. 

nosorozllec "^ fzo.) rhinoceros. 
-COwy ? rhinoceros 

nosowllosc ^, nasality, •-yf nasal, 
of the nose. 

nostalgia *", home-sickness, nost- 
algia. 

nostrzyk ^ Clot.) melilot. 

nosze pi', vid. noddla. 

notiia ^, note; remark, note; me- 
morandum, -^-atka^, annotation, 
note; -^atnik ",' note-book, me- 
morandum-book •'Owac ^? to 
note, -^owanie ^, notation. 

not'ja ^, music-note, air, melody, 
tune. •'Owy " music , . 

notaryilalnie "^ before a notary, 
-"alny " attested before a notary, 
notarial, -^usz '^ notary. *.u- 
szowski ? notary's. 

now '^ new-moon. 

nowKalia*", first fruits, -ator "J 
innovator, •-atorstwo 1 inno- 
vation. *.ela ^, novelette, -^elista^ 
novelist. *icyat "^ novitiate, 
-"icyusz "^ noviee, beginner; 
greenhand. -^icyuszka *", novice. 

nowenna^, novena. 

nowinlla*", news; -y;)3., tidings pi 
•iarz, -"karz "^ news-monger. 

nowillna, ^zna*", fresh-land. 

nowiullchny, -.tenki" brand-new. 

aOWO w ztozonych tlomaczy sie 
Mwykle newly lub new n.p, ^przu- 



nudzic 

oyly, newly come, .^narodzony. 
new-born; 72a *, anew, afresh. 

nowoczesilnosc ^, modernnesa 
*ny V modern. 

nowollmodny'?' fashionable, -.na- 
rodzony ? new-born, ^-nawro* 
ceuiec '" proselyte, convert, 
^-nawrdcony " d- ? converted, 
neophyte, -rocznik "^ annuary. 
•'roczny'^ New- Year's, -^sc *", new- 
ness, novelty, -•.sci pi., (toioary} 
novelties. -^tnosc *", newness, 
•-tny " new. 

nowoliwierca"^ renegade, sectar/. 
-zaciezny'^ recruit, -zamfzna *", 
newly- married woman, bride, 
•^zeniec '^ newly -married man, 
bridegroom. 

nowozytllnosc ^, modern times. 
'^ni pl.y the moderns, ••ny" mo- 
dern, [afresh. 

nowy " new; na nowo, anew, 

noz '" knife; •» skladany, clasp- 
knife ; -osfroJniczr/, pruuing-knife. 
«^ka ^, small foot; caluje ^ti, I 
kiss your hands (as compliment). 
-kowy ^ foot . . . 

nozdrze " nostril. 

nozenki pi., case of a knife, case of 

nozetapi., tender feet, [scissors. 

noz6wi;nictwo " cutler's trade 
••niczy " cutler's, •.nik '^ cutler, 
-y ^,' knife . . . 

nozyllce^Ji., shears j^Z. ; cliff, shelf; 
^Ce blacJiarskie, plate-shears; *.ce 
pos(rzygackie. twitchers pi. *.ce 
kravjieckie,tsii\OT's shears. -^-CzkijpZ., 
scissors pi. •.k "^ pocket knife, 
clasp-knife, -wsko " big ugly 
knife; big deformed foot. 

nn, nuze i be quick! look sharp i 

nucic, vid. node. 

nudlla, ••nose, •-ota^, tediousnessj 
weariness. *nie <^p tediously, 
to become tedious. 
-no iu, people feel dull 



'••niec 



-no 



a^ 



here; *no «<i, I feel qualmish. 
••ny ^ tedious, tiresome; «*-• 
cztoi'jick, bore, ^y pi., tedium, 
-ziarz "^ bore, --zic ^" to tire^ 



nugac 

bore. * *. 8i§ ^ to feel dull, to 
feel bored; m.zi mi ai^, I want 

nueat ^ almond-cake, [pastime. 

nukac ^^ to incite, impel. 

uumer ^ number, ^^acya ^, nume- 
ration, '^owac ^" to number, 
ticket. '«»owanie " numbering. 

nnmizinatyilczny ? numismatic, 
••ka \ numismatipe pi. m.\ ^ nu- 
mismatist, [nunciature. 

nuncyllnsz "? nuncio. -«atura ^, 

nur™ /^om J Northern diver. «.ek "IJ 
(oaobaj diver; (zanurzenie aifj 
diving; (om.J plungeon, diver; 
da6 *.ka,to dive(down).-.,kowac^7 
to dive down. •'Og^s *", (om.J 
goosander. «»kaczka ^» (omj 
diver, plunger. 

aurt^ stream; whirlpool; '-J pi, 
waves j)Z., billows j)l. -».owac^f 
to gain ground, to penetrate. 

nurzac ^? to dip. * sif ^f to 

nuta, vid. ndta. [dive. 

liUi *, there I here! ^ przyjdzie, 
supposed that he cotoes. 

nuzllacy f fatiguing, •^y^ ""f to 
tire, fatigue. 

nygtis "^ idle person, lazy fellow. 
•owac ^^ to be lazy, to idle. 



*, 0, ohi — ah! — oho! 

P^ 1) z accus. (n. p. d ^ioiup 
ivi^kszy) by; (odlegloic) ... oflF; 
("prosic o CO etcj for. 2) « Zoca^ 
(mdwic o czem etc. J about ; <o czasiej 
about, at; m, czwartej godzinie, at 
four o'clock; *. czterech kotach 
(w6z) four-wheeled; « chlebie i 
wodzie, Qn bread and water ; ^dom^ 
•- trzech pi^trach , three-storied ; 
tlysze6 o czem, to hear of a thing. 

oaza^, oasis. [either, the two. 

oba, obydwaj, oboje j?i., both, 

obaczllenie " seeing, perceiving. 
-« •> 8i§ "J f'z fciTw^ meeting, •yc "^^ 
to see; perceive, -^yc sig f to 
meet, -.ysko "J <Zo ^yska, ^/'a"i J 
good-byfv lor the present. 



oDcisty 



139 



obadwa, vid. oba. 

obaiHenia « abolishing, abolition; 
overthrowing. •- «- sif "J falling- 
down, •ac, *ic ^f" to overthrow ; 
annul, cancel. «>« si^ ^f to fall 
down, -.iny pi , ruins pi. 

obarczllac •►ye ^? (czenj to bur- 
den, charge with . . . 

Obarzanek, vid. ohwarzaneh, 

obawlla ^, care, alarm; fear; hen 
*.y, fearless; hyc w •-ie, to be 
anxious ; hadz bez zadnej -^y ! never 
fear I -.iac si§ T (czegoj to ap- 
prehend, fear ; ("o co) to be anxious 
about, t^ianie si§ \ apprehension ; 
anxiousness. 

obcas ™ heel. 

obcl|%2MpI., pincersjpZ., nipperspl. 
-'^ei Vl", tongs pi. 

obces "^ 'oem, as bold as brass, 
post-haste, •-owy ? impetuous, 
overhasty. 

obchlldd " circuit, going round; 
CiwiptaJ celebration; procession; 
m,m. ppgrzebowyj burial, funeral, 
'^odzeuie'! going round; fiwiptaj 
celebration. « «* 8i§ (z kimj treat- 
ment ; (bez czegoj privation , ab- 
stinence, -^odzic ^f to go about, 
go round,turn round; m.m.nieprzyja- 
ciela, to turn the enemy's back; 
(praxvo) to elude; fkogoj to re- 
gard, concern ; f^iwi^o} to keep, 
celebrate. •. *» sif, obejsc 8i§ 
Cbez czegoj to spare; (czemj to 
rest content; (z kimJ to use one, 
to treat one; iiie mogp obejSc sip 
bez niego, I can't spare him, I 
can't do without him. 

Obciac ^'?' to cut, clip; fdrzewaj 
to lop ; Cpoemat etc. J to abbreviate, 
abridge; (kogoj to mutilate. 

obciagllac, -^nac '^f to pull out; 
C czem J to overlay, cover with. 

obciazllac, '*'yt"^ to load, burden; 
(TpracaJ to overtask. 

obcillfcie, -nanie^ cutting; lop- 
ping ; mutilation. '«'erac, vid, 
obeirze6. <»>liac, vid. obciac. 

obcills^o "? close, ^-sty 'f tight- 



140 oocisn^fi 

fitting, close, -vsn^c, -'Skac ^? 
to enclose, surround closely, to 
tuck. 

Obcowalld^^ to have intercourse. 
Bssociate. *.iiie ^ acquaintance, 
intercourse ; (z kohietaj cohabita- 
tion, (sexual) intercourse. 

Obllcy ?• <fe ? strange, stranger. 
-^CZyzna^, strangenness ; zy6 na 
••czyznie. to live abroad. 

obdamic , to cover with turf, 
to turf.^ 

Obdarllcid, vid. odarde. •-tO "-} 
raggedy, in rags, -tus ^ ragged 
fellow. m.ty f ragged, tattered; 
fdnewoj z kory ~te, barked. 

obdallrowac ^? Ckogo czemj to 
make a present to, to present a 
person with, -.rzad, -rzyc '"" 
to bestow on, endow, ^rzenle 7 
fczemj investiture; granting. 

obdaszek "^ penthouse, eaves pi. 

obdtuzllac, -yd ^? to involve in 
debt. •> », sif ^r to contract debts. 
*'enie 'J debiting. 

obdnkcya^, (coroner's) inquest. 

obdzielllac, «»ic ^^ to distribute. 
'^enie * distribution. 

obdzierac ^'f to pull off, to tear 
off; (drzewo z kory) to bark ; (zt 
skdryj to skin, flay. 

Obec^ W0»mnie, in my presence. 
•.nie ^} at present. '«nosc ^, 
presence, •-ny " present. 

obejmowac ^^ (coj to hold, con- 
tain; (TcogoJ to embrace^ hug. 

ObejrzeC, vid. ogladaS, 

Obejsllc, vid. ohchodzii. **cie ^ be- 
haviour, commerce: treszta vid. 
obchodzenie. 

obelllga*", «'12eme^ insult, affront, 
invective; -^Igi miota6, to throw 
out abusive language, •tgac'"? 
to belie, deceive by lies. 

obelisk T obelisk. 

obeliyllciel "^, defamer. -^wosd^, 
outrageousness ; outrage, -.wy " 
insulting, outrageous. 

obertas " kind of waltz. 

oberwalld'"? CcoJ to come In for a 



objawid 

good thrashing; zreszta vid. 
obrywad. ^o sif ""f Co osohach) 
to hurt oneself by lifting; Co 
rzeczachj to fall off. •-nie " 
plucking off; straining oneself by 
lifting. *.niec ^ ragamuffin; 
ragged fellow. 

oberzlla <; inn, hotel, •.ysta '^ 
innkeeper, innholder. *y8tka^» 
(female) innkeeper. 

Oberzn^C, vid. obrzynai. 

Obeschnac, vid. osychad. 

ohesi&C,^ vid. ohsyiac i ohimetaS, 

obetn^, fut. od obciq,6. 

Obetkad, vid. obtykai, 

obetrzec ^" to wipe off, to wipe 
dry; (kurzj to dust. 

obeznallc, •'Wac '^^ (kogo z ezemj 
to acquaint, familiarise one with. 
f *> sif ^r C'i czemJ to get ac- 
quainted with a thing, '^'iiie 
sif, -^wanie ^ familiarisation, 
••ny f acquainted (with). 

obezrec si§ ^r to overeat oneself. 

obfi||cie«? largely, •.tosd^, plen* 
ty, abundance. *-ty" abundant, 
plentiful; fertile, -.towac ^^ to 
abound. 

obgadllac, -^j^ac ^J" (kogoj to 
speak ill of a person, •-ywanie « 
bad repute, bad odour. 

ObgryzaC, vid. ogryid. 

obneblowac ^^ to plane. 

Obiac, vid. obejmowac. 

Obiad ^, dinner. -,ek '^ frugal 
dinner ; jeU ~, to dine, ^owac ^? 
to dine. •«owanie ^ dining. 
•^OWy" dinner . ., noon ..;-»• czaSf 
noon. 

objadllad ^f to gnaw, nibble ; Cfig.) 
to fleece one. • •. sif '"V to over- 
feed •-acz ^ (o8oba) parasite. 

objasnillac, -6 ^" to ^lighten; 
(dzitioj to interpret, to explain ; 
(iwitcifj to snuff, •'enie ^ expla- 
nation, interpretation; note, an- 
notation. 

objaw '^ sign, symptom; mani- 
festation, •'ienie \ revelation, 
manifestation. *iaCf MC.^f to 



objazd 

make known, to manifest, to re- 
veal; show. •-•. sif ^r to be 
manifested; appear. 

objazd '^ circular tour; patrol; 
round about way. 

Obillbok "; bully, hector, -.c ^f 
to give a person a thrashing; 
vid.obijac. *ciarzT paper-hanger, 
upholsterer, •-clowy" tapestry... 
•-cie ^ thrashing; garnishment, 
mounting; wall-paper; paper- 
hangings, tapestry. 

Dbieciiac, ^ywac ^? to promise; 
fsobie CO J to expect, to indulge 
in the hope of ... ; m,^. sip komu, 
to promise to call upon a person. 
•ankaVvain promise, ^-ujacy" 
wiele •-•., promising. •-ywanie'J 
promise, promises pi. 

Objechac, vid. objeidiac. 

Obj^cie 1 embrace, hug; (dzie- 
dzictwa) taking possession ; com- 
prehension ; przyjac kogo w swoje 
ohjpcia, to receive' a person with 
open arms. 

obiedni " dinner . . . 

obiednia^, (Greek) mass. 

obiedwie, vid. o6a. 

obielldz, -^gac ^* to go round 
about; (my Ha) to run through. 
*.g ™ rotation, gyration; going- 
round; circulation; puicic w *.g, 
to put into circulation, •.zny " 
circular, circulating; periodic. 

objektywllizm "^ •-nose <i objec- 
tivism, objectivity, •-ny " ob- 
jective. 

Obielic ^f to whiten. 

Obierallc "^^ (owoce, kartofle) to 
peel ; fdrzewoj z gasienic, to clear 
of caterpillars; •'C ^0(/o za krola, 
to make one king. •-Inosc *", 
eligibility. *.lny? eligible, elec- 
tive. 

Obierllczy, vid. oUorczy. ^\± pi., 
-'Zyny pi., odds and ends. 

Objesc, vid. ohjadac. 

obietnica^, promise. 

objetosc *", circumference, circuit. 

objezdzac^" to ride round; drive 



oble^6 



141 



round; jourrfey over, visit on 

horseback; (koniaj break in (a 

horse). 

obiezykraj '^ vagrant. 
obill6r '^ election, -.orczy ? of 

election, elective. 
Obiuczyc ^^'" fkonia etc.) to pack. 
Obkrawac, vid. okrmuac, 

oblllac, *ewac ^^ to overflow, 

pour upon; moisten, wet, .water; 

<» ». smoia, to pitch ; «> <*. olowierrif 

to lead. ' 
obiailczysto "? arch-wise, •czys- 

tosc*", arched shape, curvedness, 

concavity. *czy sty ^arch-shaped, 

^k '^ (arch.J arch, vault. 
obiadowac ^?^ to overload (with); 

~ .9o6ie zotadek, to overeat oneself. 
oblakllac, ' -^iwac ""f to lead 

ast/ay. •-ac sif ^f to lose one's 

way, go astray; become insane. 

•-anie " insanity ; bewilderment. 

•any? insane, mad, brainsick; 

dom *.anycli, insane hospital. 
Oblam 'J fragment, scrap. -,ac, 

--ywac ^'^ to break of[; fdrzewa z 

galpzij to cut off the branches, lop. 
Oblamowac '"^ to border, trim 

round. [cate. 

Qbtaskawic '^^ to tame, domesti- 
oblatilac, -.ywac'*'?' to fly round; 

(vulg.J to run through. 
obiawila ^, battue; raid, clean 

sweep, •.a, in troops. »>mk. ^ 

(w mysliwstwiej beater. 
obiazic ^" to creep upon. _ 
oblazlllosc *i baldness, barennessi 

•,y ^ bald, depilated. 
oblellC, --kac, vid. oltoczyd. 
Obleciec, vid. oblatac. 
obt^d "^ aberration (of intellect/; 

losing one's way. •-ny f crazy, 

bewildered. 

obielldz, •'gac '^^ to besiege, be- 
leaguer, -"gajacy ^ besieger. 
obleplja*", loam, clay, •-iac, -^ic^f 

to paste over; (papieremj to line 

(with paper). 
Oblewac, vid. oblai. 
Oblezc, vid. obiazi6. 



142 olblezca 

oblfiilca*^ besieger, -venie " siego, 
besiege; znieU *.«*, to raise a siege. 
•^eiicypl', the besieged. «>.iiiczyf 
obsidional, battering . . . 

ablicze " face, countenance; w 
mojem obliczu, in my presence, 
])efore me., 

obliczllanie, -enie " computation, 
calculation, •.yc, ••ac ^f to ac- 
count, calculate, compute. 

Oblig"^ -acya^, obligation, bond. 

oblizllac, *ywac '"f to lick (at), 
lick slightly; -».ywac sie fpo czemj, 
to lick one's fingers. 

obtocic ^? to mire, splash: 

obloczek ^ cloudlet. 

cbl:6czy||C "^ fsukniaj to put on ; 
fdzieckoj to dress. '-*c si§ ^f to 
dress (oneself) ; ("fig. J to be covered, 
•-ny pi; clothing; investiture. 

Obiok "^ cloud. 

obiomek '^ fragment. 

obtl|6w "^ booty, -wowic si§ '^f 
to gain much, to take much as 
booty. 

Obtozllnie «^ •. •, chorowac, to be 
bed-ridden. *.ny " bed-ridden, 
•.yc, vid. oktadac. 

obmbiellnczy " wedding . . . ; of 
a betrothed. -nlca*i betrothed, 
fiancee. *.iiiczy ?^ of a fiancee. 
-"lliec "^ betrothed, intended. 

Obludlla^, hypocrisy.dissimulation. 
«^nica *", -"nik ™ ■ hypocrite , dis- 
sembler, •.nio ^^ hypocritically. 
«.ny 'J' hypocritical; feigned. 

oblupllac, -^ywac ^" to peel, shell, 
bark «.ic*^" fze skoryj to skin, 
'•'ienie ^ peeling, barking. 

obiu8zczl!ac, -"-ye ^? to husk. 
• anie ^ husking. 

Oblnz '^ fwarfyj relief. 

obty ^ cylindrical; blunt. 

obmacllac, -•ywac ""^ to handle, 
feel, finger. 

obmaczac ^? to dip in. 

obmalirzac, --rziiac '^V' to get co- 
vered with (hoar-)fro8t. 

obmllawiac, -"-dwic ^? to speak 
ill of a person. 



obosieczny 

obmierzilic ^? (komu coj to dis- 
gust a person with, --liwosc ^, 
disgustfulness. -lose ^, loath- 
someness, nauseousness. *.iy f 
loathsome, disgustful, nauseous, 
--nac^? to become odious; zycie 
mi *lo, I am tired of life. 

obmollwa ^, bad repute, slandero 
-wny ? colurhnious, slanderous. 

Obmurowallc ^^ to surround with 
a wall. *.nie » enclosure, wal- 
ling in. 

obmyllc, •'Wac^f to wash oflf, to 
wash away. *cie , -^wanie * 
washing off, lotion, ablution, 
^wajacy " abluent. 

obmyijsl '^ pt-eventive measure. 
*slac, slec, --slic "f to take 
care of, reflect upon ; contrive, 
•-slanie 1 contrivance, invention. 
-'Slenie " deliberation, reflexion; 
contrivance. 

obnazjlac, ^yc ^? to bare, denude, 
deprive. *. •, sif '"V to strip naked. 
-^enie " denudation, -ony f 
naked. 

obniiiesc, ••osic^f to carry about; 
(nowinyj to divulge; (poimiski) 
to serve up. •-oszenie " (towa- 
rowj hawking. 

obnizyc^f (cenf) to abate, reduce; 
fstopp procentowa) to lower. 

Obod "l felloe, felly. 

obollj *^ hautboy, --ista "^ haut- 
boy-player. 

obojczyk"^ collar-bone, •-owyf 
of collar-bone. 

oboje, vid. oha. 

obojetnlliec^^ (na co) to become 

^indiferent to. -*.osc ^, indifference. 

'-wy « indifferent. [hard by. 

obok ^'^ & «^? near, by, close to; 

obolaty ^ sore. 

obop61||nosc ^, reciprocalness,reni- 
procity. «.ny? reciprocal, mutual. 

Ob6r, vid. obior. 

obcrila ^, cow-house. *.ny f of 
cow-house. 

oborllac, -^jrwac ^? to plough up 
obosieczny f two-edged. 



obosowa6 

obosowac ^f to emboss, 
obostronnllie <*? ©n both sides*, 

mutually, •.y f on both sides, 

mutual. ^ 
obostrzlienie" aggravation. *.yc^f 

to render more severe, aggravate ; 

fkarf) heighten. 
obowiazii'ac, *ywac ^f to bind 

in duty, to oblige; •.ac Pfzysipga, 
to bind by oath, m, « 8i§ ^T ('^o 
czegoj to engage oneself to ... 
••any" obliged, obliging, •-ek'^ 
duty, obligation, •.kii?^, employ- 
ment, office, •'kowy ^ obliga- 
tory, binding ; Co dziedzirtwie J le- 
gitimate. <*.iijacy ^ obligatory. 

i)b6z ^ camp; ^wyruszyc z obozu, 
to decamp. 

obozny "^ quarter-master. 

obozoljwac^f to encamp. *wanie^ 
encampment, -^wisko ^ encamp- 
ment. *.wy f camp . . . 

Obr^b'^ sphere, reach ; seam, hem. 
'^B,c"^ ('kamienie J to heyf] (drzewoj 
to lop. ^ek '^ seam, hem. •.ic^f 
to hem, border. «*.ienie ^ hem- 
ming. 

obrabiac "^f to fashion; CflgJ 

obrac, vid. oUerac. [elaborate. 

Obracallc ^^ CinteresamiJ, to carry 
on; vid. obrocic. *.c 8i§ ^V to 
turn, •nie" turning; (inUresamiJ 
carrying on, management. 

obrachiiowac ^" to compute, ac- 
count, calculate. *» », 8i§ ^z kimj, 
to settle accounts with a person, 
'^owanie^ calculation. •.•^sif'J 
settling accounts, •.owany ^ 
cautious, •.unek'^ computation, 
calculation ; zrobic *« *., to balance 
an account, •unkowy'? account... 

i)br%czklla <", fheczki) hoop; ring; 
o-a do serwet, napkin-ring; <^a 
slubna, wedding-ring, -owy ?■ ^o 
monetachj rimmed; annular, re- 
sembling a ring. 

obradliny f council . . . -*owac ^" 
to deliberate, hold a consultation, 
-owanie " debating, delibera- 
tion, ^.y pi., debates pi. 



obrok 



143 



ObradzaC, v:d. obrodzic! 

obramowac ^" to border, enchase. 

Obranllie , vid. obidr. ^y f «.y r 
rozumu, being out of one's senses. 

Obrastac, vid. obrosnac. 

obraz '^ image; picture, painting; 
portrait, -.ek "," small picture, 
small 'image. «»kowy " of pic- 
tures. 

obrazlla *", offence, injury; *,a 
krola, offence against the so- 
vereign, lese-majesty; kamien»>.y^ 
stumbling-block; bez •.y! no 
offence! ^ic, obrazac^^ to give 
offence, offend ; hurt, wound. •- *. 
sie ^r to CO) to take offence at . . . 
•-iciel '^ offender, injurer. «. « 
ka^, female offender. 

Obrazllajaco "? injuriously, offen- 
sively, -.ajacy" injurious, offen- 
sive, 'wenie " injury, affront; 
hurt, wounding. 

obrazliliWOSC *", offensiveness, sen- 
sitiveness, susceptibility, -^wy *? 
offensive; sensitive, susceptible. 

obraznik "^ dealer in pictures or 
prints. 

obrazob6riIca^ iconoclast. *ski^ 
iconoclastic. 

obrazocbwalilca " iconolater. 
•'Stwo "? iconolatry. 

obrazony ? offended, m, '^ the 
person offended. 

obrazoI|wo"?figuratively . •.wosc *", 
(fig.) floweriness, figurativeness. 
•-wy " (fig.) flowered, figurative. 

Obrfb, vid. obrab. 

obr^CZ *", hoop, 'ring. 

obrobilic, vid. obrabiac. •enie ^ 
elaboration. 

obr6cic ^^ to turn, to turn about ; 
(na co) to employ at ... ; (w co) 
to change, transform, m, slg ^f 
to turn round; to reside, stay; (w 
co) become. 

obrodzic ^f to produce many 
fruits, m, si§ ^r (o owocach etc.) 
to thrive, prosper. 

obrok "^ provender, fodder; nu- 
rishment. 



144 o^rona 

iDbrollna ', defence; protection. 
«^nca^ defender; councel, solici- 
tor, barrister. -»nczy?^ of defence, 
•nczyni ^, defendress. -nic "^^ 
to defend. ->-, sie '^f to defend 
oneself successfully; (czemuj to 
guard or defend oneself from, 
•-nnie *^? by way of defence ; on 
the defensive, -.nnosc ^, defen- 
sibility. -.nny ^ defensible, te- 
nable; defensive. 

obrollsnac, -sc ^? to grow over, 
^^siy" covered with hair; (trawa 
etc.) covered with (grass etc.). 
-sniety " overgrown; bearded, 
covered with beard. 

0*br6t ^ rotation, gyration ; (mil.) 
manoeuvre ; hyc w ohrotach, to be 
at a loss; wziac w obroty, to give 
trouble. 

obrotnliica ^, fkolei zel.J switch, 
siding. «,ie ^^ skilfully, adroitly. 
—OSC ^, versatility, volubility; 
adroitness, skill; activity, -.y ^ 
that may be turned round, versa- 
tile; adroit, skilful. 

o"brotowy ? rotative, rotary, 

obroz, --a, -ka^, dog-collar. 

obrullchac, ^-szyc ^" to shake, 
toss, •-szyc si? ^r (na kogoj to 
become angry at . . . 

obmdzic ""f to dirty, soil. 

obmljs "IJ table-cloth, -snik *; 
manufacturer of table-clothes. 

obryknac si§ ^f Cna kogoJ to snub 
a person. 

Obrywllac ^f fowoe z drzewaj to 
pluck off; tear off. -•.-. sif ^f 
to subside, sink. «>ailie "J fowo- 
cdwj plucking off. -i-ka ^, per- 
quisite, fees pi. 

obryzgac '"'^ to bespatter, splash. 

Obrzad'" ceremony; ^pogrzebowy, 
funeral; *» ilubny, celebration of 
a wedding, -.ek " rite; cere- 
mony, •kowy ^ ceremonial, 
ceremonious. 

obrzedni?^ not very dense; rare; 
mediocre, •-o <*p seldom, rarely; 
middlingly. 



obslona 
obrzallzg, --sk "^ aftertaste, tang. 

ObrZfd, vid. ohrzad. 

obrz^klltosc ^, swelling, swell, 
-•iy f swollen ; hydropic, drop- 
sical, •.nac ^f to swell. 

obrzezllac '^^ (u zydowj to circum- 
cise, -^anie ^ circumcision. 
*aiiiec ^ circumcised man. 
--any'?' circumcised, •.ek'^ pre- 
puce, foreskin. 

obrzmielic "f to swell (outj. «.nie ? 
swelling, tumour^ 

obrzucllac, -"ic^f to cover; fmurj 
to plaster, rough-cast; to throw at. 

obrzydlil|wiec'"J nauseous man, 
~wosc ^, lothsomness; dislike, 
aversion; abomination. «-wy f 
abominate, disgusting. 

obrzydlltosc ^, lothsomness, nau- 
seousness. -ly ^ loothsome, 
nauseous, •.nac ""V" to become 
loathsome, •-zenie "J abomina- 
tion, loathing, abhorrence. ^'Zic'^? 
to disgust, excite loathing. 

obrz3nii|ac ^" to cut, clip, --ek "? 
chip , shred. -vM pi., odds and 

obsaczyc, ^id. osaczyc. [ends. 

obsadlla^, (fuzyi etc.) stock; (mio- 
tly etc.) handle, helve, •.ka ^, 
pen-holder. 

obsadzllac, •-ic ""^ (drzewami) to 
plant (with trees); fmiejsce etc.) 
to take, secure, •^enie 1 planting; 
taking. 

obscieiac ""f (stoma) to litter; 
(wata) to wad; stuff. 

obserwllacya ^, observation. *-ar 
cyjny f^ of observation. *.ato- 
ryum 7 observatory, •owac ^? 
to observe. 

obsillac, *ewac ^? to sow, seed, 
^anie, -^ewanie "I ew ™ sowing, 

obsilladac, •-asc, --esc '"^ to sit 
round . . .; ''to swarm round; 
(kogo) to beset (fig.). 

Obskoczyc, vid. oskoczyd. 

obskurant "^ obscurant, ignorai 
mus. •.yzm ^ obscurantism* 

Obslizgty, vid. oslizly. 

obslona^, veil, cover. 



obsiuga 

obslnga^, attendance, service. 

ohstRl 0W3iC,vid.zam6ii'ic. •.nnek^ 
commission, command. 

obstapic^" to surround, encircle^ 
beset. 

obstajiwac ^^ ("przy czemj to insist 
on, to persist in; to defend; 
fza kirn) to intercede (for a per- 
son). ^^JJ^,m.Q^^ '*"*'JP^zy prawdzie, 
defence of truth. 

obstawiljac, -^c ^? to place, put 
round, surround. 

Obstepowac, vid. odstapic. • 

obstfukcya *", fmed.J costiveness. 

Obstrzllydz, '-gac, vid. ostrzydz. 

obsulinac sie, -wac sie'^f to roll 
down. " ^-ni^cie ^ fziemi) rolling 
down. 

obsychac, vid. osycJmc. 

obsyiac ^" to send to; to send 
round ; fkogo czemJ to present 
one with. 

obsypllac, «*ywac "^f (n. p. do- 
brodziejsttuyj to overwhelm with 
(benefits etc.) 

obszar 1 plain, space; wide field. 

obszarpanliiec "^ ragamuffm. -.y^ 
ragged, tattered. 

obszerlinie «■? at large, -.nose ^, 
largeness, wideness. *.ny ^ spa- 
cious, large. 

Obszlegi, vid. mjlogi, 

obsznurowac , to cord round. 

obszyllc, -wac '"^ to ham ; trim, 
lace. -*.cie "5 trimming, borde- 
ring; trimming.garniture. *.wka ^, 
border, trimming. 

Obtulic, vid. otulac. 

obtykac '"^ to stick round about ; 
(mar.J to stop ; (zoiadekj to cram. 
•- sig ^r to cram one's stomach. 

obuli'c, -.wac """ to put on (shoes). 
• *' si§ ^r to put on shoes. 

Obuch^ Csiekiery etc. J back; ("fig J 
lye pod -.em, to be under strict 
discipline. 

obudwn, vid. oha. 

obndzllac, -.ic ^f to awake, rouse 
from sleep; f fig. J excite, •.-.sie^f 
to awake, -enie 7 awakening. 
Cz^sc polsko-oy.gielska. 



obwisly 14& 

obumllarcie 7 mortification, mor- 
tifiedness. -artosc ^, numbness, 
torpidity, -.ariy ? half- dead^ 
ffig.J indifferent , lost , dead. 
-ierac ^f to mortify, become 
insensible. 

obupiciowy, vid. dwuplciowy. 

oburacz <^p with both hands. 

oburziiac, •'yc '''^ to revolt, to 
shock a person's feelings. -.*► 
sie ^r to put oneself into a pas- 
sio^n, become angry, -.ajacy ^ 
revolting, shocking. -.enie'^'J in- 
dignation, exasperation, -.ony ^ 
CczemJ exasperated, shocked at. 

obustronny, vid. ohostronny. 

obuwilac, vid. obuc. -ie 'J shoes 
and boots. [at, 

obwachllac, --iwac '^^ to snuffle 

obwarowaljc^" to fortify, ^.csobie 
fcoj, to reserve to oneself, -nie ♦ 
fortification. 

obwarzanek ™ cracknel, crackling. 

obwiac ^'^ to blow round, fan. 

obwiazllac, -<ywac^" to tie about, 
to wrap upc -ka *] band, liga- 
ture.^ 

obwic, vid. obwijaS. [crown. 

obwienczllac, •yc ^^ to Tvreathe, 

Obwiesc, vid. obwodzic. 

obwiellscic, -.szczac ^? to make 
known,publish; proclaim, -.szcze- 
nie'? publication, promulgation; 
placard. 

obwiellsic ^f bang. * -^ si§ ^V 
to hang oneself, -.szac ^f to 
hang up ; hang ; (opuszczadj hang, 
•szenie 'J hanging.^ 

Obwiezc^ vid. ohwozic. 

obwiiljac, obwilin^c ^?. to wrap, 
wrap up, envelop. ••. si§ ^^ to 
be enwrapped, envelopped. -.ni^- 
cie 7 wrapping; wrapper. 

obwinidac, --c ^f (o coj to ac- 
cuse of . . , to charge with . . 
••enie V, accusation, inculpation, 
--ony ^ defendant, accused. 

obwislac, -nac ^'* to hang down, 
••iosc ^, flabbiness. -lyf flabby; 
hanging down. • 

10 



146 



obw6<i 



ochrzypna6 



obvirdd "? extent, size ; ( max.j cir- 
cumference, periphery; district, 
-"ka^, trimming, welt. 

obwolldowyf district . . . •dzic'"? 
to lead about. 

©"bwotllac, -^jrwac "^'f to make 
known (loudly); O^ogo czemj to 
proclaim, -••anie 7 proclamation. 
'vywacz "^ proclaimer, (public) 

Obwozic ^f to drive about., [crier. 

Oby ? (wyraza sie przez;^^ may 
or would to God . . . ; ««.s byi 
ezcz^sliwy, may you live happily. 

Obyo sig^r (T^ez czego J to dispense 
with . . J to spare ; nie mogp ~ si^ 
hez niego, I can't spare Lim. I 
can't do without him. 

Obyczaj'^ custom, usage; cokraj, 
to •», the custom of the country, 
country manners, -e pi-, man- 
ners pi. --nose ^, morality, mo- 
rals pi. -^ny ^ moral; well- 
mannered. *.owy " of morals. 

obydwaj, vid. oha. 

obywac sie, vid. olyS sif. 

Obywatel , citizen; townsman; 
landowner. «>.ka^, female citizen ; 
towns- woman. *-ski? civil, civic; 
citizen's, landowner's; diich'<'Bki, 
civisra , patriotism. «-skOEC ^, 
civism, patriotism. «»stwo 7" ci- 
tizens pi.) (right of) citizenship. 

obzalowallc ^"^ to accuse. «.ny '^ 
accused, defendant. 

obiarlltoBC ^, -^stwo 1 gluttony, 
gluttonousness. 'vtiicll ^ glutton. 
*.ty ^ voracious, gluttonous. 

ObzeraC 8i§, vid. obezrec aip. 

Obzierac Si§, vid. ogladad. 

obznajmiony ^ (^ czemJ acquain- 
ted with. _ 

obzYnM pi-, harvest-home. 

OCalllec "V' to remain unhurt, to 
escape with one's life. *'enie 'i 
eavlng, salvation, rescue. ««ic '"^ 
to eave, preserve. *» ^ eif ^f to 
Bavo oneself. 

dcap ^ (avdi.) lintel. 

0CCia!i2i^J ^c'lem.^acetRte. -.nowyf' 
acetic, -.ra *^ vinegar-man. 



oceaiiu , ocean, -i-nowy, -^.nski" 
OCedzic, vid. odcedzic. [ocean, 
OCel ^ i^na podkowiej calk, 
ocembrowac ^'? to line with 
boards. 
OCenila^, valuation, appraisement. 



*^iac, •'ic 



to tax, appraise. 



iciel "!? appraiser. «:^ienie 7 va- 
luation. 

OCet"^ vinegar, -niczka^, vinegar- 

OCh *, oh! [cruet. 

OChapiaC Si§ ^r ochapia mi sif, 
my heart misgives me. 

OCb§di|6stwo " cleanliness, -.oz- 
nie *^? cleanly, -^-ozny" cleanly, 
tond of cleanliness, -^ozyc ^"^ 
(suknie) to clean, cleanse. 

ocblacsie ^f ("'^^IfJ-J *o overdrink 

ocMadzac,vi(i. ochtodzic. [oneself. 

oclilica^, flax-comb. 

OcMollda ^, cooling, refreshment. 
«^dnac '^V' to grow cool; ('fig J 
compose oneself., -^dzenie"? coo- 
ling; Cfig.J coolness, -.dzic '"? 
to cool, cool down. 

ocMonac ^? to let pass away 
(one's rage etc.), to compose 
oneself. 

Ochmistrz^ steward ; ^waMCJj/eiey 
tutor. -'Owac ^f (komu) to tutor, 
-yni^, house- keeper ; governess 

OChOCZllo **? willingly, readily 
-^-OSC ^, willingness , readiness 
*,y ^ willing, ready ; merry, gay. 

OChoilta ^, desire, inclination,mind. 
--tnik "^ volunteer. «.tniczy ^ 
voluntary, •-tny?^ willing; lively, 

ocbramiec '"V' to become lame. 

oclirllaniac, -'Onic^^'^ to shelter; 
spare, save, -^-ona *", shelter, pro- 
tection; sparing (of); amulet, 
•-onka^, infant-school, -^oniiyf 
preservative, preventive. 

OChrzcllenie ^ baptising, baptisa- 
tion. -ic '"'^ to christen, baptise. 
•. m. si^ ^r to be baptised. _ 

ochrzyplllo <*? hoarsely, -^tosc ^, 
hoarsiness , huskiness. -iy " 
hoarse. '••nac "^V" to become 
hoarse. 



ochucha6 

ochuchac ""^ to breathe upon. 
OChwallcic '*^*? (koniaj to founder. 

•,t "J fioet.J founder, --tny f 

(hohj foundered, 
ochybny " fallacious, deceitful. 
OCiiyda etc., vid. ohyda etc. 
OCiac "? ("figJ to cheat; vid. dbcinac. 
ociagallc, vid. obdngac. •-c sie, 

to "linger, hesitate, •.nie sie " 

hesitat on. 
ocieKc, -wkac, -^knac ^7" to run 

oH", flow otf, drip otf. 



odac 



U' 



'SC 



to 



ociemnilaly ^ blind. 

grow blind, 
ocienillac, -'C, <vowac^'f to shade, 

shadow. *eiiie ^ shading, shade. 

-ony ^ shady, shadowy. 
OCiepllIac, --ic ^" to make warm. 



si^ 



to grow warm. 



ocierac ^? to wipe dry. *. si§ ('o 
fco^o; to have intercourse with, to 
see a good deal of a person. 

OCieziiatosc ^, heaviness, unwiel- 
diiiess, cumbrousness. •-aty f 
heavy, unwieldy, sluggish. '-ec^V' 
to become cumbrous, sluggish. 

ociosac,^?^ to Jiew, cut (off;. 

OCiszyc ^f ^rfomy to protect from 
wind.-- 

ocknllac sie ^r to awake, -.ienie 'J 
awakening. 

oclic ^f to lay a duty on, tax. 

ocma^, darkses^/ 

Oct lamia*", vinegar manufactory. 
'"OWy ^^ of vinegar, vinegar . . . , 
acetous; Icwas * ~, acetic acid. 

OCUClIac, -ic^? to awaken, rouse. 
* "^ sie T to awake. *enie sie " 
awakening. [over, to candy. 

ocuklirowac, -.rzyc ^"i* to sugar 

OC\viczyC ^'f to drub, thrush. 

ocyganic ^" to cheat, take in. 

oczarowallc^f^ to bewitch, enchant; 
charm. <*iiie "I enchantment, 
witchcraft. 

oczasty '^ eye-spotted, ocellated. 

oczekiwalic "f fczegoj to await, 
look out for . . . ; (kogoj wait for . . 
•-nie "I expectation, looking for . . 



0C2e!pic "'^f to cover with a cap, 
to cap. *.pinyi?i., capping; ce- 
lebration 01 a wedding. 



oczerniilac, 



to make black, 



blacken; ffig.) defame, calum- 
niate, •'aiy ^ (od stoucaj sun- 
burnt, i^ec ^? to grow black, 
blac^cen. •-enie ."J blacking; (fig.) 
defamation, calumniation. 

OCZeta pl-t little nice eyes. 

OCzko 7 little eye; stitch; fhot.} 
bud; (^U7 siecij mesh, -wwac ^'?^ 
to inoculate; ogle. -^waty " 
meshy, full of meshes or stitches. 

ocz!!ny " ocular, optic, eye... 
-odot ^^ 'socket of the eye, orbit. 
<^y, pi. od oko. 

oczyjiscic, -"Szczac ^^ to clear, 
purge; refine, clean; exculpate; 
fz kurzuj to dust; finteresaj to 
set in order, to settle. *, •. sie '''T 
to clear oneself; ("z winy) to purge 
oneself, ^-szczaltiy " purifica- 
tive. "^szczenie " cleaning, pur- 
ging; purification; exculpation; 
•, •, Panny Maryi, Purification of 
the Virgin Mary. 

oczytanliie "J reading, extensive 
reading, book-learning, -.y^ well- 
read. 

OCZywi "scie "^? evidently, plainly. 
'•'Stosc *i evidence, apparentness. 
-"Sty f evident, apparent. 

od, '^e^^^^^, CoddaltnieJ from; Cpo 
stopniu wyiszymj than (n. p. je-it 
wyzszy ode. ninie, he is taller thu.i 
I; {"celj for; fpo forntie bicrnejj 
by; Co czaaiej since (n. p. ~ jjo- 
czatku Stycznia, since the begin- 
ning of January); (skuitkj with 
(n. p. ^ zimna, with cold); w zio- 
zonych odpoiuiada przyrostkom : re 
(n. p. odrzucic, reject}, off /^po *^o- 
wach n.p. odleciec, to run offj, dis 
(n. p. odkryc, to discover) ; • kiedy ? 
how long since? przyjaciel ~ sercay 
bosom-friend; nie jesUm ^ Ugo, 
I am willing to do so. 

oda^, ode. 

odac ^" to puff up, to swell. 



148 



odaliska 



Odallska'f odalisk. 

Odarllcie ^ pulling-olT; fzt fikdry) 
skinning, -.ty " (t majg,tkuj de- 
prived of . . . 

odarniUc, •c ^? to cover with 
turf, turf. 

odbarwienie ^ discoloration. 

Odbillc ""'^V to beat back; CpilkpJ 
lo cliarge the ball home; fod 
brzeguj to put otf, set ?ail ; rescue, 
recover from; fcioaj to parry, 
ward off; /"o dwietle) to reflect. 
«*C si§ ^r to recoil; to rebound; 
fo potrawachjto helch ; Co divietle) 
to reflect, -.cie » O'e^'^^a^ rescue ; 
vid. oilbijanie. 

odbielidz, -^gac^'^" to run away; 
^odi/r2e(i»<iofa>; to deviate, swerve; 
(kogoj to leave in the lurch, 
•iany? left, abandoned, •zenie " 
abandonment. 

odbiljeract vid. odehrac. A-eranie, 

vid. odebranie. -.orca '^ receiver. 

odbijallc, vid. odbic. -nie si? "J 
(promienij reflecting; (pokarmowj 
eructation. 

odbitka <", (tyvJ proof, copy. 

odb lask ^ reflex, reverberation. 
*«lysk '^ resplendance. 

Odbudowallc ^?^ to rebuild. 
•"C si? ^r ^0 miescie lub rvsij to 
be rebuilt, -.nie " rebuilding. 

OdbyllC, --Wac '^? (Interesa etc.) 
to despatch; (lekcy<}) give; •- (' 
ttudya, to finish one's studies; 
make, perform; *c kogo, to turn 
off ? person, -.c sif "f Co zgro- 
madaeniu, nahozeiistwie etcj to be 
held. --cie ^ making, perfor- 
mance. *t "^ sale, market; 
dobru <vt, quick sale. 

odceazllac, -ic ^? to decant, filter. 

odcharkiwac ^f to expectorate. 

odchf dozyc ^f to scour off. 

odchil6d ^ lost, waste; Cstoltc) 
evacuation ; Ctowardwj draft, vent ; 
consumption; flowing off. •odne" 
na •nil upon my (his etc.) de- 
parture, •odowy ? -vQwafciwfca, 
rectum, ^odzic*".* to retire wiWif 



odda$ 

draw; Cod przedmiotuj deviate 
from ; Co poczcie , o pociaguj to 
start, leave ; Co okrfciej to'sail ; Co 
towarachj to find purchasers, 
come off; t>.m, od zmyalow, to bo 
out of one's wits. [a disease. 

odchorowac ^f to atone for by 

odckowac ^f to bring up. 

odchwalic si? ^f w»« ^nddz sip *, 
to praise to the skies. 

odchylilac, •-ic^?^ to bend back; 



turn off; unveil. <»«». si? "^f to 
be' unveiled. 

odcillac, *nac '^? to cut off. <»« 
si? ^f CfigJ to return a person'a 
offence quickly and sharply, ^v?* 
cie 'J cutting off. -.nacz™ cuttei 
(off). *nek",' cut; /^Tnaf.^ segment 

odciagllac, *iiac ^?? Ckogo od 
cztgoj to alienale from ... ; Co^ryt.) 
to substract ; to retire, withdraw. 

odcien ™ shade. 

odciellc *kac ^^ to flow down- 
wards, flow off. 

odcisllk™ stamp, copy; CnanodzeJ 
corn. «.kac, -nac ^" to prin^ 
draw off; Csobie nogf) to gall. 

odczarowalic ^^ to uncharm, dis- 
enchant. *nie ^ disenchantment. 

odczepillac, *c ^" to take off, un- 
pin, unhook, free; CfisJ •-C si? 
od, to get rid of; nie chce sip ode 
mnie •-c, I cannot get rid of him. 

odczullc , --wac ^f to perceive, 
be sensible of. «'Wanie » sus- 
ceptibility. 

odczyni!!ac, *c ^? to undo; dis- 
enchant. 

odczyf^ lecture, reading; mCe<5~, 
to lecture, give a reading, ^-a^, 
•yiv^ac ^? to recite, read aloud; 
read over, •-anie » recital, 
reading. 

oddac "^ to give back, .return; 
deliver up to . . ; Codwdzi^cza6 sif ) 
repay, requite ; <* do fizkol, to (send) 
put to school; commit to the care 
of; Cserce, rekpj to give; -• si?, 
devote oneself; Csmutkowi ttcj to 
give way to ... 



oddal 

oddal "^ distance, -ac, -ie.""? 

to dismiss, discharge; remove. 
•'•'Sie '"V ^o withdraw, retire. 
•-enie " distance; removal, *.*, 
sie "J removal, -withdrawing. 
<*6ny ^ distant, remote. 

oddainie "J reddition, return. 

oddarty ^ torn olT. 

oddailwac, vid. odda6. *.wca ™ 
deliverer, bearer. 

oddawna <^? long time since. 

odd.ech. ^, breath, respiration; 
vent, air-hole, ^owy ^ respira- 
tory; kanai ~ *, wind-pipe. 

oddretwiec ^^ to get rid of stiff- 
ness!" 

oddrukowac '"'^ to print, draw off. 

Oddrzwia, vid. odrzwia. 

oddychallc ^? to respire, breathe; 
ciezko *.c, to heave for breath, 
•-nie ^ breathing, respiration. 

Oddziai ^ (w ksiazcej section; 
CiL-ojska) detachment, division, 
--ac, -ywac '-T i 
wanie " reaction. 

oddzielllac, -'ic "^^ to separate; 
divide. «.«. sie "^X to be sepa- 
rated, -.anie, ^enie ^ severing. 



odgarniaS 



149 



separation. 



'iiy 



separate. 



'Ony , separated. 



oddzierac '"^ to tear off, pull off. 
Oddzierzgnac^f to untie, unbind. 
Oddzwiek f echo, reverberation 

of sounds, 
odebrallc ""f to take off, take 

away; CodpowiedzJ to get, receive; 

(komu stawp etc.) to deprive a 

person of...; Cprzy siegf J adim'i- 

nister (an oath); <*.c sobie zycie, 

to commit suicide, -^nie "I with- 

dr^lwal. 
odechciellc sif, •'Wac si§'"^ --wa 

mi'sip fczegoj, my longing for ... 

is pver. 

Odecie "J inflation, puffing. ' 

Odedrzec, vid. oddzierac. 
odegnac ^" to drive away, to ex- 
Odegne, vid. odgiac. [pel. 

Odegrllac ^'" Cjaka sztukp, rolpj to 

perform, play; Ckomu kolorj fol- 



low suit; {przegranaj regcin; -^c 

sie, '^ywacsig'^J'to'regain money 

lost at play. [odjpcie. 

odejmpwallc, vid. odjac -nie, vid. 

Odejsllc, vid. odchodzic. -.cle " 
going away; fpoczty etc.J depar- 
ture. 

odelglla*', thaw, -nac^^ to relent, 
diminish. 

Odemknac, vid. odmykaS. 

odemnie"", from me, on my part. 

Odepchnac, vid. odpydiac. 

Odeprzec "^f fnieprzyjacielaj to 
repel; reply, answer; ^do5^ parry, 
keep off. 

oderwallc ^f 'to pull off; tear off, 
detach; CfigJ disengage, torrf 
away. *-c si^ ^f to be pulled off, 
torn off; to tear oneself away, 
disengage oneself by force, -.nie"? 
separately, •-nle ^ tearing off. 
^nie sie 7 fprowincyij revolt; 
disengagement, •.ny *? i.bstract. 

oderznilac ^" to cut off, *.iecie " 
cutting ^off. 

odeslac, vid. odnylac. 

odetchnllac "V" to take breath; 
CiigJ repose, recover. *»ienie ^ 
respiration. 

odetkllac, «^nac "^^ to open, un- 
cork, unstop. *■ 

odetn§, vid. odciac. 

odelltosc^, bloatedness, turgidity. 
-.ty ^ bloated, sodden-faced. 

odezwa ^, manifesto; harangue, 
address; fpismoj letter. m,c sie '"^ 
(ze zdaniem) to intimate one's 
opinion; (echemj echo, resound; 
fo co) to reclaim; answer (to 
calling); (do kagoj address one- 
self to. •-nie sie "J the intimation 
of one's opinion; resounding; 
answering (to calling). 

odfarbowllac, --ywac ^?? to co- 
lour, dye anew; to lose colour. 

odg'5,d||nac, -ywac "^f to guess; 
unriddle': ^-nienie, -'ywanie ',' 
guess, divination. 

odganiac, vid. odegnac. 

odgarnllac, -'iac^? to rake sway 



odgia6 



150 



odgillac, -^nac ^f to bend back; 

turn 'up, to cock. [fame. 

odglos '" resoimd, echo; report, 
Odguic ^^ to rot off, putril'y and 

fall otf. . 

odgniatac, -esc '^'f to gall, 
odgotowac ^"/ to decoct, boil 

thorouglily. 

odgrlladza'c, -odzic ^" to parti- 
tion otf; fence in -^odzenie "J 

partition; fence 
odgranicz ac, -yc ^" to mark 

oft", fix the limits of... •«eilie " 

demarcation, 
odgrazailc sie ^r~to menace, 

threaten. -*.nie, •'Ilie si§ " me- 
nace, threat. 
Odgrywac, vid. odcgrac. 
odgryllzac, •zc '^^ to bite oft". 

-"^ sif '■''' (fig- J to return a per- 
son's offence sharply. 
odgrzllac, -ewac *'" to warm up; 

(Jig. J rake up. -.anie "J wanning 

up. -ewanie \ (fig. J raking up, 
odgrzebllac, *ywac "? to dig up ; 

fumarlcgoj disinter. 
odhaczyc ^^* to unhook. 
odjadac '"^ to eat up, eat away; 

devour. 
Odjac '^" (argtj to subtract; take 

Hway, snatch away; deprive; 

odejmoicac sobie od gehrj, to pinch 

oneself. 

odjarzmic "'t to unyoke. 
Odjijazd 'J departure, setting out. 

•echac, *ezdzac ^" to set off, 

depart. 
Odjecie " freki etc.) amputation; 

talking away, withdrawing, 
pdjemiiy f CarytJ negative. 
odjesc ^^ nie modz sie *. (czegoj, 

to like very much (a dish), vid. 

odjadac. 
odjezdnile " time of departing; 

na -»ein, on departing, on leaving. 

••V ? departure . . . , of departure. 
Odkad"^' from whence? since what 



time 



odkapturzyc ''^ fsoholaj 
odkarmic .' Cdziecko) to 



I hood, 
to un- 
wean. 



odkwitnienie 

Odkasic, vid. odgryzac. 

odJjaszlnac ^f? to hem, clear 
one's throat; fflcgmpj to cough up. 

odkaz ",' legacy, -^ac ^f to be- 
queath, -ka^, menace, -^.yrvac 
sif ^r to menace, -ywanie sig ^ 
menaces, threats pi. 

odkichnac '"^ to sneeze. 

odkietznac ^" to unbridle. 

odkiwnac ^f to return a person's 
nodding; to intimate by a nod, 
to nod to. 

odkiadaifc, vid. odtoiyc. •.cz i; 
delayer, •-nio ^ (na pozniejj tem- 
porisation, adjournment. 

odkleic *^^? to unglue. -» si§ ^T 
to be unglued 

odklepac ^? (fig. J to mumble. 

odklon '^ returned salutation, 
••ic sie "^r ^o return a salute. 

odkopl'ac, -'ywac '^'^ to dig up. 
dig out; (ciato) to disinter. 

odkorkowac ^^ to uncork, open 
(a bottle). 

odkrllajac -oic "^^ to cut off. 

odkraiisc, *dac^'" to steal from. 

odki'eciiac, -•'ic ^'" to untwist; 
(sruhej to unscrew. 

odkroic "^f to cut off. 

odkrilopic, '•'apiac'^" .to sprinkle. 

odkiyiic, -^v/ac "'^ to uncover, 
bare; discover; ^c gtowe, to take 
oil" one's hat. *. « sif ^T to be 
uncovered. •'Cie 1 baring, de- 
nudation ; discovering; revealing. 
*ty " discovered; uncovered, 

odkrzaknac ^^ to hem. [open. 

odkuc^*^" ^0 hammer off; (koniaj 
to unshoe. *.sie ^T to come off, 

odkulbaczyc *'"''to unsaddle. 

odkup '"^ repurcliase, ransom, -^ic, 
-^owac ^^!' to buy from; redeem, 
rescue, -iciel ",' purchaser; re- 
deemer; Our Saviour. «vienie 1 
redeniption; purchase, •-ny f 
by purcliase, purchasable. 

odkwallsic, *szac '^? (chem.j to 
deoxydate. 

odkwitllac, *nac ^" to rebloom. 
--anie, ^nienic " refiorescenco. 



odla6 

odlac^? to pour off, det«ni; maice 
a cast of. 

odlallczenie 1 separation, -czyc^" 
to set apart, separate; (dzitcko, 
cielp etcj to ^wean. -•. si§ ^T 
to desert, abandon; (od koiciolaj 
to apostatize. 

odiam "^ fragment, scrap, •-ac, 
•ywac '"^ to break off. -ek '^ 
crum, crumb; small fragment; 
(fig.) czlowiek nie «*, a strong 
man. 

odlllatac, ^atjrwac, •'eciec ^^ to 
fly away; run away. 

odtazic, odlezc '"V' (vulg.j to re- 
tire, withdraw. 

odleglllosc ^, distance, remoteness, 
•ty " remote, distant. 

odlepillac, *c ""^ to unglue. 

odlew '^ cast, copy. *ac, vid. 
odlac. •►acz^ moulder, founder, 
-'anie 1 casting. -*isko " lagoon, 
marsh, •-nia^, iron-foundery. 

odlezllaiy " well seasoned, -.ec ""f 
to atone for in a recumbent po- 
sition ; lie for a given time; (sohie, 
CO) to get sore by lying, •.yna ^, 
«».yny pi., getting sore by lying. 

odliczli'ac, •-yc ^" to discount 
deduct. *enie ^ deduction. 

Odliga, vid. odelga. 

odliwek ^ lower part of the to- 
bacco-pipe. 

odlog " fallow; CfigJ neglect; 
CfigJ lezec *.iem, to be neglected, 
uncultivated. 

jdlot "^ departure, flying off. 

odto:&yc^^ to set aside, put aside; 
adjourn, put off. [thropist. 

odlndek ^ misanthrope, misan- 

odludilnie «p retiredly. *nosc*i 
retiredness, loneliness, deserted- 
ness. -*.ny f deserted, retired, 
solitary. 

Odlnpllac, -'jrwac Vf to split, se- 
parate by splitting, to flake off. 

odl"Qtowa6 ^^ to unsolder. 

Odhliyc, vid. ohdluza6. 

odmach ^ lifting up the arm for 
striking, striking out. «»nac ^? 



odmrukna6 



151 



CO lift up the arm for striking, 
strike out. [paint, depict. 

odmalowac ^? to j)ortray; ffig.j 

odmarzllac, -nac , to freeze off; 

Odmawiac, vid^ odmowid. [thaw. 

odmazilac, --ywac ^?^ to erase, 
rub away; cancel. 

odmft ^ labyrinth, confusion. 

odmiana *", change; variation; 
modification ; (gram. J declension, 
conjugation. 

odmiar ^ requital, retribution. 

odmiatac ^f to sweep away. 

odmiekilczyc ^f to moisten, soak, 
•nac ""V" to grow soft. 

odmienlliac, *ic ^^ to change; 
modify; (gram.) decline, conju- 
gate. • -. 8i§ "^r to change ; be 
declined, be conjugated, '^nosc ^» 
changeableness , variableness. 
•-nie "? otherwise, in another 
manner, -ny f changeable, va- 
riable; different. [out; requite. 

odmJerzllac, -yc '^? to measure 

Odmiesc, vid. odmiatac. 

odmllladzac, -odzic ^? to make 
young, •.odniaiy^ made young; 
refreshed, renewed, •-odniec^ 
to grow young again. •odnienie'J 
growing young again. •'Odzenie ^ 
rejuvenescence. 

odmollczyc^^ to moisten, -kn^c^ 
to be moistened. 

odmotac ^" to disentangle, ex- 
tricate; reel off. 

odmowa^, refusal, denial. 

odm6wiiic '^f to recite; (paderz) 
say, perform ; fsluzacegoj alienate 
from; fkomu czegoj refuse; -.-• 
aobie czegoy to obstain from a thing. 
<*ny ^ refusing; odmcwna odjao' 

, wiedz, refusal. 

odmrllazac, -ozic ^^ to freeze; 
* 't, sohie rfce tic, to have a limb 
frozen. *ozoiiy" frozen. •'Ozeniet 
freezing. 

odmmllczec ^? to hum over. 
«'enac '''\'' to reply by twinkling. 
••knac '^^ to answer by mur- 
muring. 



152 odmurowa6 

odiQTirowac ^f to build up anew ; 
(grdhj open. 

odinyc ^* to wash off. 

odmykac *"? to remove, move 
away, (drzwij to open (half). 

odnaltjac, -^jmowac *'? to under- 
let, sublet. 

0diialijd5rwac. -»les6'^? to refind, 
fiDd out.^ •'lezienie "J refinding. 

OdnawiaC, vid. odnounc. 

OdnieellCeiliaj vid. niedicenie. 

Odirtliesc, -OSIC ^? to bring back; 
(zwycipatwqj to gain. m,m, sie ^ 
to refer, relate to . . 

odnitowaG "^f to unrivet. 

Odnoga \ CmorskaJ gulf, bay; 
frzeki etc) branch. 

odnosnltie «? -»"* do, respecting, 
with regard to; according as. 
«*.ik ™ note. m,j f relative, re- 
specting. 

odni'loszenie, '^iesienie ^ bringing 
back- * * sig ^ appeal, appealing. 

Odnowillc '^^ to renew, restore, 
renovate; recommence; reopen. 
•-C sif ^ to recomnLence. •^ciel™ 
restorer, renewer. ^renie? rene- 
wal, renovation; recommence- 
ment. 

Odosobllnic '"^ to separate, isolate, 
•.nienie " separation, isolation. 
•*- ^ sif ^ retirement, oniony ? 
insulated, isolated. 

odpadJ!a6, vid. odpasc. *.aiiie "? 
falling off; revolt. -,ek ^ «».ki pL, 
refuse parts, odds and ends, -^ek^ 
^niecie, •^nienie ' fprowincyi etc.) 
revolt. *.Jy ^ fallen (off;. 

Odpakowac'^?' to unpack, pack up. 

odpalic ^'? /'/ifl'./' to keep off, reject. 

odparac, vid. odprui. 

odpanlcie "J repellence, repelling, 
-.ty ? repelled. 

odpailrowac ^^ to cause to eva- 
porate, -rzyd ^" to boil tho- 
roughly; gall, chafe, •rzelina*", 
chafe, gall. 

Odpasac '^f to ungird, ungirth. 

odpasac "? to fatten. -» si^ ^ 
to grow fat, fatten. 



odpowied^ 

odpasc "7 to fall off; r/?flr.; desert, 
abandon ; ( o prowincyi etc J to re- 
volt; (od wiaryj to apostatise. 

odpfdzljac, -ic ^f to drive awavo 

0dpfta6 ^^ to unchain, unfetter. 

odpijlac, --iiac ^? to unbuckle, 
undo , unpin. *> m, 8i§ ^ to bo 
undone. 

Odpic ^? to drink off; nie mddz 
sip ~ czegoy to like a beverage 
very much. 

odpiecz§tOiiwac ^f to unseal. 

Odpierac, vid. odeprzec. 

odpiiowac ^" to file off. 

odpls ^y answer, reply; copy. 
-«ac, -.ywac ^? answer, reply; 
copy. - *» sig od czego , to givft 
up, renounce. <«'aiil8 ^ answering, 
copying, copy. 

odplallcac, ^cic ^f to repay, re- 
quite, recompense, •-ta*', reim- 
bursement, requital. 

odplatac ^? to disentangle, ex- 
tricate, [untwist. 

odplliesc, <^atac ^f to untwine, 

odpioszyc *'* to scare away. 

odpiyllnac, -wac ^ to run off; 
set sail,*"sail away. 

odpiyw ^y ebb; flowing off. m,Om 
wy f kanai ~~, sewer, gutter; 
woda -^-owa, refuse fluid. 

odpocziiac, -ywac ^? to rest, 
repose. " -.jmek "^ -ywanie ^ 
rest, repose, •.ynka *» landing 
(of a staircase). [atonement 

odpokntowallc^" to atone, -nie^ 

0dp6r ",' opposition, resistance. 

odpomllie «f defensively. -*osc ^, 
resistibility ; defensibiiity. ^.y ^ 
resistible; defensible. 

odposcic ^^? to atone for . . . by 
fasting, 

odpowiadad^f to answer, reply; 
answer to, correspond to, come 
up to; answer for, 

odpowielidnio **? •••.do, accor- 
ding to. •'dniosc ^, suitableness, 
adequacy, -.dni " corresponding, 
suitable, fit. ••dny? answerable; 



CQrr'.rpc^ding. 



'dz 



answer 



odpowiedzialno^6 

reply; ronfutation, refutation, 
••dzialnosc *", responsibility, an- 
Bwerableness ; podagnac do -. 
d/iainoici, to impeach, ^dziainy? 
answerable , accountable (for), 
^•dziec, vid. odpowiadqd. 

idprasowac^f to iron thoroughly. 

odpnlaszac, •'Osic ^^ to with- 
draw a person's invitation. 

odprawlla ^, discharge, dismission, 
••-lac, '•'ic '^? finteresa ttc.J to 
despatch; (stidactgo etcj dAsvuiss] 
CnabozenstwoJ oSlci&te,/m5zpJ s&j ; 
••ic Sie ^r fz czemj to finish, 
despatcli. •-ieiiie ^ despatch; 
dismission. 

odprowadzllac, -ic "" to conduct 
to, lead to; accompany; ffig.J 
dissuade, divert (from a purpose); 
turn oft', -.enie ^ {'wody etc.) 
turning ofT. 

odprlinc, ^^66 ^? to unsew, un- 
etitch. [fly off. 

odpryglikac, •*'nac "^ to crack off, 

Odprziadz, *fgac ^^ (koniej to 
unharness. 

odprzeda!!c, *wac ^? to resell. 

odprzyslii^QZ, '•i^gac ^? to ab- 
jure, forswear, •-i^zeiiie ^ ab- 
juration. 

odpnllscic, *szczac ^? fwinp etc.) 
to remit, forgive ; (TiogoJ give leave 
of absence; m.'t*. wody ze stawu, to 
to let off, drain a pond, •-st "^ 
remission, forgiveness ; fkoSdelnyJ 
indulgence, ^stny f remissible. 
•Stowy " of indulgence(s). --sz- 
czenie ^ forgiveness, remission. 

odpychallc ^" to push away, re- 
pulse, -jacy ? tfigj repulsive, 
•-nie ^ repulsion. 

odra^, (chorohaj measles pi. 

odrabac """ to chop off, cut off. 

odrabiallc ^? to work off; finish, 
get done; (lekcyej to do. 

OdrachowaC, vid. odUczyc. 

Odraczac, vid. odroczyc. 

odradzllac, •ic '^'^ to dissuade 
(from), advise (against). <»eilie 1 
dissuasion. 



odrzucid 



153 



Odradzac, vid. odrodziS. 

odrapallc '^f to scrape off, scratch 
off. ^ny ? ragged. 

Odrastac. vid. odroic. 

0(^a||za \ aversion, displeasure, 
•-zac, •'Zic''? to disgust ; alienate. 
•"Zajacy*? abominable, disgustful. 

odrf bllnosc ^, separateness ; pecu- 
liarity, •-ny ? separate, peculiar. 

odrfczny " (lowar) manual; ex- 
tempore. 

odr§twillaiosc ^, torpidity, stiff- 
ness. -»aly f torpid, stiff, -vec ^ 
to get numbed, to stiffen. 

odrobliek "5 working off. *ic, vid. 
odrabiac. 

odrobina ', trifle, morsel, little bit. 

odrollczenie "I adjournment, pro- 
rogation. •'Czyc ^? to prorogue, 
adjourn. 

odrolldek " degenerate person. 
'*'dny " degenerate. 

odroQzllenie, -' -« sif "I regenera- 
tion. *.ic^^ to regenerate. •»•. 
si§ ^r to be born anew. -*ony f 
regenerate. 

odrolisc, •'Snac ^V' to grow afresh, 
••si *? shoot *.st ^ sprouting, 
outgrowth. 

odr6zni||ac, •-c^? to distinguish, 
discern. -»•' sif ^ to be dis- 
tinguished, -.enie ^ distinction. 

odrwillc "^^ to cheat, deceive. •-sZj 
•-swiat "^ impostor, deceiver, 
swindler. 

odryglowac "^^ to unbolt. 

odryllczec '"'^ CfigJ to roar out. 
-Imac^^,* to answer by roaring. 

odryna*", coach-house, shed. 

odrysowac ^f to sketch, draw. 

odrywalc ^" CfigJ to keep off, 
detain ; vid. oderwac. •nie 1 tear- 
ing off; CfigJ detention, hin- 
drance. 

odrzellc -^kac ^?^ to reply, an- 
swer. •»•. si§ ^r to renounce. 

OdrzeC, vid. ohdzieraS. 

odrzTiIlcac, -cic ^? to cast away, 
throw away; reject; refuse. 



154 



oarzucenie 



<*ceilie '^rejection; refusal, •-teji. . 
oflal; ffigj degenerate man. 

odrzwia pi-, door-post. 

Odrzyniiac, vid. oderznac. *ek "^ 
shred, chip. [sor. 

0drzysk6ra ™ extortioner, oppres- 

Odsadzllac, *ic ^? to remove; 
Cod piersij wean. *eilie ^ wea- 
ning (of a child). 

odsadzllac, *ic ^f to refuse (by 
judicial sentence); kogo od wia- 
snosci, declare a person to have 
forfeited a thing; *ic J-ogo od 
czci, to declare a person to be 
infamous, -wic Icogo od rozumu, 
to declare a person to be mad. 
•'Gllie 'J privation of honour. 

odsapnac *''*/ to stop for breath. 

Odseiacli vid. odsytac. 

odsep "^ alluvion. 

odsetiiek "V -^ka^, percentage. 

odsiiiadac ^? fo chlebiej to be de- 
tached from the crumb, -ady- 
wac, -'Sdziec^" to atone for... 
by emprisoument. 

odsiarkowac ^^ to desulphurate. 

odsieilc -^kac ^? to cut off, chop 
otf. *cz ^, relief, succour. 

odskiiakiwac, --oczyc """ to leap 
off; rebound, recoil. ii-ok "^ 
jumping off; rebound. 

odskrobllac, -ywac '^'^ to shave 
off, scrape off. -.iny pi., sha- 
vings pi. 

odsiilaniac, *onic '"^ to unveil ; 
(kiLrtyufj to draw, •oniony ^ 
unveiled, uncoveredo ^»'OViZt^^(tt.J 
act. 

odsionecznik "", aphelion. 

odsiuliga \ reciprocal service. 
-giwac, "-zyc ^^ to acquit by 
service. * m, swoj czas, to serve 
one's time. 

odspiewallc ^'^ to sing, sing off; 
to pay by singing, •-nie" singing. 

odsrodkowy "^ centrifugal. 

odsrnbowac ^f to unscrew. 

odstac si? ^f to change, to be 
undone; co sie stale nie odstanie^ 
what's done cannot be undone. 



odswiezy6 

auw.<»iiC, Vid. odstawac. «rly ^ 
fo icinie etc.) settled. 

odstapijic ^f^ to cede, give up; 
fkogoj abandon; Cod obl^zenia} 
raise (the siege); Cod przedmiotuj 
deviate, digress. «»enie "J (n. p. 
swych prawj cession, giving up ; 
-* • od wiary, apostasy ; ^ ^ od 
przedmiotu, digi'ession. 

Odstawa *", transport, conveyance, 

odstawac ^ to come off, stand 
off, go off; suknia odstaje, the 
garment does not fit. 

odstawllic, --iac ^^ to remove, 
put away, put aside; deliver, 
hand over to . . . ; Cod piersij to- 
wean, -^ka*", discharge, dismis- 
sal ; isc na -wke, to be discharged 
from service. 

odstep ^ distance, interval ; CtypJ 
break, paragraph; -.ca"^ deserter; 
renegade, apostate, -.ne"^ money 
paid in compensation (for claims); 
smart-money. «.owac, vid. od' 
staple. *stW0 "? desertion; apo- 
stasy. «,ny ^ rebellious, apostate. 

odstriiajac, -"Oic ^* to untune. 

odstrasz'lac, -.yc '"f to frighten 
away, deter from . . .; «. « sif , to 
be discouraged. 

odstreczllyc, -ac '^? to alienate, 
avert'; fkogo od siebie) repel Cf-gJ 

odslrychnac^^ to exclude (from). 
* s)f ""^r (od kogo J to desert a 
person; fall off. 

odstrzeliiic, -^wac ^? to shoot 
back. *. «. sif ^r to defend one- 
self by shooting. 

odsniinac, --wac "" to move away, 
remove; shove away; Cfiranke) 
draw. *. *. sie ^f to make room, 
draw off. -^ni^cie " removal, 
••walny ? removable. 

odswif !!cac, -^cic "^^ C^sl^dzaJ to 
desecrate, degrade. «.cenie '^ 
desecration, degradation, -^tny ? 
festive, festival. 

odswiezijac, •-yc ^? to renew, re- 
fresh; Cw pamiecij lo rub up, 



odsytad 

Odsylaii'c ^? to send back, return; 
•-CZ "^ luark of notation. 

odsypiiac, -ywac^" to pour off. 

odszczekac ^^" to answer by 
barking. 

odszczep '^ splinter, -.iac, •-ic ""? 
to separate by splitting. <vic si§ "^ 
*o be separated; CfigJ apostatise. 
*ieniec '^ heretic, -.ienstwo ^ 
heresy. 

cdszlifowac ^'^ to cart away. 

odsznurowac '"^ to unlace, un- 
string. 

odszpuntowac ^^ to broach. 

odszturchnac ^'f to push off, 

odsztikiiac, -^iwac^" to seek out, 
discover. 

odszumowac '^'^ to scum, skira. 

Odtaczac, vid. odtoczyc. 
odtad<^-p from hence, henceforth, 
odtajac ^" to thaw, 
odtanczyc ^f to dance off; finish 

dancing. 

odtl-apiac, ••opic '"f to melt off. 
odtleuic ^" to deoxj'date. 
odttuc ^f to knock off. 
odtoczyc ^" to grind off, grind 

away; finish turning; polish, 

grind; (do hutelekj to bottle. 
odtracilenie "i deduction, -ic, 

-'ac"^? to push off; knock off; 

(odpychac) repel; deduct, [son. 
odtrutka^, antidote, counter-poi- 
odtworz!!enie " reproduciion. 

••yc, odtwarzac^" to reproduce. 
Odtykac, vid. odetknac. 
odnczyc "^^ to disaccustom, break 

a person of (a custom). * sif ^f 

to divest oneself Cof). 
odumllierac , -•-rzec "^ to leave 

beliind (dying). 
odurz'lac, -^yc "" to benumb ; to 

stupify. -»ajacy " intoxicating; 

narcotic(al). *enie" stupefaction; 

intoxication. 

oduzdne " bridle-money, 
odwach ",'^ (main) guarde-house. 
odwabillac, •-c^^ to entice away. 
odwa!!ga% courage, heart; nabrac 

«'gi, to take heart; dudawac ».gi, 



odwodzid 



155 



to encourage, •.zyc "^f to weign ; 
risk, venture. •.-». sie^f to risk, 
venture, -zny " courageous 

odwalllac, *lic ^7 to roll down, 
roll away. [li"g« 

odwarkuac ^ to answer by grow- 

odwarzyc ^'^ to boil thoroughly. 

odwdzieczilac, ^yc ^^ •»"* sif ^V 
to prove thankful; repay, requite. 

odwet '^ requital, retribution; 
revenge; prawo •.u, right of re- 
taliation. *owac , to retaliate; 
make up for a thing, 

odwiazllac, -ywac^^ to unbind, 
untie. * *. sie ^V to be untied. 

odwieczerz ",' •-^e" afternoon time, 

odwieczllnosc *i everlastingness, 
eternity; remote antiquity, •-ny* 
everlasting, eternal. 

odwiedzliac, -.ic ^^* to visit, call 
upon, pay a visit, -.iny J'i., visit: 
pojsc xo — , to make a call. 

odwiesc, vkl. odwodzic. 

odwietrzac "'^ to air, ventilate. 

odwieflzc, vid. odwozic. -vzienie, 

vid. odifozenie. 

odwilljac, -nac '"^ to wind off, 
unroll, untwist, -janie, •••iiiecie" 
unwinding. 

odwikiac ^? to disentangle, ex- 
tricate. 

odwilllgnac, --zee ^? to thaw, 
become inoist, be humified. *.z ^ 
thaw, -^zac, *zyc ^f to moisten, 
wet slightly, damp. -.zanie, 
••zenie " moistening, humecta- 
tion. 

odwillec, -lekac, -.idczyc '"? to 
drag away; (fig. J delay, put off. 
-lekanie, *i6czenie ^ -ioka^, 
delay, adjournment, procrasti- 
nation; puscic to •.Joke, to pro- 
tract, prolong. -*.16czny " dila- 
tory. 

Odwlldd"^ retreat; fmil.J body of 
reserve; rear-guard, -.odowy? of 
reserve, •-odzic '^'^ fkogo od czegoj 
to divert from, dissuade from; 
Cna airoiiej bring aside; fkurek) 
cock. 



156 



odwodni6 



ogadywanie 



odwodnillc ""^ to free from water, 
drain. «^nie ^ draining. 

odwoiilac, *ywac '^^ to recall 
revoke, recant, --ac sie 
kogoj to appeal to, refer to 



al- 



nosc *", revocableness. *.alny " 
revocable, •^anie ^ recall(ing); 
»'•' sif'Jappeal(ing). ^ujacy ^ 
revocatory. 

adwojizenie^ Odwdz"; transport, 
conveyance. «.zic ^" to transport, 
convey. 

odwrllacac, -6016 ^^ to avert, 
turn away; divert, dissuade; frolf) 
plough the first time. m. ^ si§ ^f 
(tylcm do) to turn one's back 
(upon) ; (od czegoj turn away from. 

Odwrll6t ^ (mil. J retreat; new- 
ploughed field ; trabic na *- -^, to 
sound the retreat'; na -.*., iri- 
vertedly; reciprocally, -.otnie*^^ 
reversely; vice versa, •-otny , 
that may be turned about; '(mat.) 
inverse; oposito, contrary; •-otna, 
droga, return ; *.otlia strona, back, 
reverse. .*.otOwy f of retreat. 

odwykllac, -^nac . to break one- 
self of a habit. 

odwzajeinii!lic si§ "^r to return, 
retaliate. *.ienie 7 .return, re- 
tahation. 

odwzorowllac, •'ywac'*'? to copy, 
imitate (artistically). 

odymac, vid. odac. 

odyniec "^/zo.^i boar. 

odzatowac ^" (czegoj not to save, 
use profusely; 7u'e modz sip ~, not 
to cease reletting. 

odzegn!lywac ^" •'ac sig "^X to 
driv^ off, expel. 

odzew "^ fjurj appeal; calling. 

odziac "^^ to clothe, attire ; cover, 
envelop, m. gig "^f to dress, dress 
oneself. 

odzifbllic ^? -"ic solie rfce etc., 
to have one's limbs frozen. *.li- 
zna^, chilblain. 

odziedziczyc ^f to inherit, 

odziemek/^ stub. 

odzielinie r '^t \ clothing, clo- 



thes pi *waiiie 'J clothing, dres- 
sing, investing. 

Odzierac, vid. obdzierac. [of. 

odzierzyc ^" to take possession 

odziewilac, via. odziac. •-ek ™ 
clothes pi. 

odznaliczac, •'Czyc ^f to mark 
out, note out; (fig. J distinguish. 
•-*. sif'^r to distinguish oneself. 
*czenie " distinction. *.ka ^f 
mark of distinction. 

odzwierciedlllac, •-ic ^f to reflect 
(mirror- like). •.*. si§ '^T to be 
reflected. 

odzwiemlla ^, portress, -..y ^ 
door-keeper, porter. 

odzwyczaljac, -.ic "^f to disac- 
custom, wean. *, •. si^ ""T to 
break of a habit. *,jenie" disuse. 

odzyllc^" to revive, -cie 7 revival. 

odzyskllac '"f to regain, recover, 
-'anie " recovery. 

odzjrwac si§, vid..odezwaS sip. 

odzywczy" reviving. 

odzywillac, -^c ^f to refresh, 
comfort. •-•. sif ""r to revive, 
•'anie " comfort, recreation, re- 
freshment. 

ofertlia*i -^oryum ^ offertory. 

ofiarlla ^, sacrifice , victim ; obla- 
tion, offering, -^niczy ^ sacri- 
ficer's; ndz •»-*-, offering -knive. 
•'llik'^ sacrincer. •-nGSC*', libe- 
rality, generosity. *ny ^ offe- 
ring . . . ^-owac ^f to sacrifice, 
immolate; destine, design; offer. 
-o *■ sif ^r to offer oneself, to vo- 
lunteer. *>owanie " offer, offe- 
ring; offertory; immolation. 

oficer ^ officer; <*> marynarki, 
naval officer, -.ski f officer's. 
-.stwo "J officership. 

oficyllat '^ official, -alista "? 
subordinate official. •.alny. ? 
official. *riia ^, workshop; out- 
house. 

ofuknac ^? -^ sif *T' fna kogoJ 
to blow up, snub. 

ogadllac, vid.ohgadad, ^ywaiiie« 
vid. obgadywanie, •* 



ogania6 

Oga^llliac ^f to scare away, frigh- 
ten away, keep off. <»«> ei^ ^ 
fkomuj to defend oneself from, 
^ka^, fly- flap. 

Ogar ^ CzoJ hound. 

ogarek "^ stump, end, remnant. 

ogarnllac, iac "^^ to embrace, en- 
close ; comprehend ; (fam.J clothe, 
-ac 8i§ ^r to dress. 

Ogielln "; fire; (fig.) ardour; da6 
ognia, to fire; ognie sztuczne, fire- 
works pi. -*niek " small fire. 

03:ier ^ stallion. -«owy ? of 
stallion. [polish. 

Ogtada ^, ffigj good manners, 

ogladallc '^^ to look at , behold ; 
see*". *c si§ ^V to look about; 
look back; Cfig.J rely upon, de- 
pend upon, •.nie ^ view. -•* 
8i§ ^ regard, consideration, look- 
ing about; looking round. 

Ogladzac, vid. oglodzic. 

ogiadzljac, -ic '^?^ to polish, 
smooth; (f.g.) •--» sif ^X to po- 
lish one's manners, ^^enie "J po- 
lishing. -*ony ? refined. 

Oglaszali'C, vid. oglosic. «'llie ? 
publication. 

oglfdilnosc ^, circumspection. 
*ny ? circumspect. 

Oglfdziny i?i., examination (of a 
dead body). 

oglodz'enie ^ starvation. »»ii'^^ 
to starve, let die of hunger. 

oglol.sic ^? to make known, 
publish; proclaim; (w gazecie) 
insert. *»•. sif ^f fcztm) to as- 
sume the title of .., --szenie 'I 
publication ; proclamation ; (w 
gazecie) insertion. 

ogiuchiiac ^? to become deaf. 

ogitipiilaly ^ besotted, startled. 
-.6^ to stultify, imbrute. •.ec''? 
to lose one's wits, --enie " ma- 
king stupid, stultifying. 

Ogiuszllajacy" dinning; deafening, 
•enie ^ deafening, stunning. 
•yc ""f to stun, make senseless. 



ogorzed 



15'3 



small fire; (pielciclny) St An- 
thony's fire ; •.k bUdny, ignis fa- 
tuuB. ^.omierz , pyrometer^ 
't'Omistrz "^ artillery- man, fire* 
worker. *owy " fire . . . ; to* 
warzyatwo ^owe, fire-insurance- 
oflfice. •'SCie, ••Sto ^^ ardently, 
fervently ; (fam.) devilishly. 
-sko 7 hearth; (fiz.) focus; (fig.) 
centre. m, «r domoiuty home; 
dwelling. -». - obozowe, camp-fire. 
<«'StOSC *» fieriness ; ffigj ardency, 
impetuosity, •-sty'? fiery, igneous; 
Cfig.J fervent, ardent, -otrwaly^? 
fire-proof, incombustible. 

ogniwllko ^ tinder-box; (small) 
link, •-o " (lancuchaj link; (fig.) 
boDd, tie. 

Og6ill "^ totality; contents^ j>L; 
public; w '«le, in the main, in 
general; *.tem, upon the whole. 
•iowo "'^ generally, summarily, 
-iowy f general, summary. 

Ogolacac, via. ogotoci6. 

Ogolic'^" to shave; dad sip ^, to 
get shaved. 

Og61nl|ie "? generally, universally, 
•-ik '^ empty phrase, •osc ^ 
universality, generality; tO'^oscl. 
in general. *.y f universal, gene- 
ral, common. 

ogotocllenie " denudation, priva- 
tion, -vie ^f to denude, bare, 
-^ 8i§ "^r h czegoj to deprive 
oneselt of. -vony ^ destitute. 

Ogon ^ tail; (u suknij train, tail, 
-►ek "T little tail; fu oxiocuj stalk; 
(u liicia) petiole, -.iasty *? long- 
tailed, •'iczek "J long- tailed tit- 
mouse. *kowaty ^ petiolata 
*owy f tail . . 

og6r|lczany, *kowy ? cucumber, 
(fig.) czax *.kowy, dead season, 
slack time, -czasty ? having 
the shape of a cucumber, -.ek '^ 
(hot.) cucumber; kiszony •», pick- 
led cucumber. 

ogorzllaiosc *", sun-burning, sun- 
burnt complexion, -^aiy ^ Cod 
HoncaJ sun-burnt, «ec ^'? to 



i58 



ograbiac 



scorch, burn; ffigj piorlca mu 
••aly, Ws zeal abated. 

Ograbiilac, -"C ^" to rob, bereave, 
-enie "I robbing, deprivation. 

Ograc ^" to win all the money 
from a person (at a game of ha- 
zard), 

OgradzaC, vld. ogrodzic. 

o&raniczilac,'>'yc'^" to lirait,bound; 
restraint. «~~ si§, to restrict 
oneself. *.ajacy , restrictive. 
*.anie, *enie\' bordering; (fig J 
limitation, restriction, -.ny " 
neighbouring. *onosc *", nar- 
rowness, limitedness. ».ony " 
narrow ; narrow spirited. 

ogrohlllenie 'J embankment, --ic^? 
to dam up. [chilliness. 

Ograzliac ^? to be in a fever, --ka ^ 

Ogr6d ^ garden ; m. owocowy, or- 

- chard; •. warzywny, kitchen-gar- 
den. m,ek ",' little garden. 

Ogrodlla^, hedging, fence, ^ka^, 
mowic bez ogrodki, not to mince 
matters. 

Ogrodilnictwo ^ horticulture, gar- 
dening, •.niczek ^ journeyman 
gardener; gardener's apprentice, 
'vniczka *", (female) ga:cdener; 
gardener's wife, ^-niczy, •'lliko- 
wy " gardener's; -niczy noz, 
pruning-knife. *.nik^',' gardener. 
•'Owinyi>l., -'Owizna ^, greens 
pi., herbs pi. -.owy f garden. 

ogrodzllenie "J fencing, enclosure. 



*ic 



to enclose, fence. 



Ogrojec"^ mount of olives; garden. 

JOgrom "^ mass, enormity. .»ny " 
enormous, immense. 

Ogrywac, vid. ograc. 

ogryilzc, ^zac ^? to gnaw (round- 
about), 'vzek "^ stump, remnant, 
core (of fruit). 

ogrzHac, -ewac^" to heat; warm. 
■^~ si§ '"V to warm oneself. 

oheblowac '"? to plane. 

oho *. oho! oh! 

<9liydl|a *", ignominy, blemish, dis- 
grace. *.nosc*", disgracefulness. 
'^ny " ignominious, disgraceful. 



okiennica 

•.zac, -zic "^^ to render dis^ 
gusting; disgrace. 

OJ *, wo! woe! 

Ojciiiec '^ father. ^m, chrzestny$ 
godfather. ».>»> swi^ty, pope; nast 
•-owie, our ancestors. •.ob6jca™ 
-"-obojstwo ^ parricide, -oboj- 
czy ^ parricidal. -ostwo • 
father.-5hip, paternity. -*.owizna^, 
patrimony. -.(Jw, -^owy" father's, 
•-OWSkif fatherly; jw -~owsku, 
like a father. 

ojczenasz "^ the Lord's Prayer. 

ojczyllc "^ legitimate son. . -.m "^ 
step-father. *.mi ^^ step-fatlier's,^ 
*.sty " natal , native; paternal, 
-^zna^, native country. 

Oiuczyc, vid. ohjuczyc. 

okadzllac, -'ic ^" to fumigate, 
smoke, -.enie 'J fumigation. 
Okalac, vid. okoUc. 

okaleczllenie "J mutilation, -.yc^? 
to mutilate, wound. 

okamgnienille "J w --u, in a twink* 
ling, in a jiflfy. 

okap'^ e&vespi. -,ac, •'ywac'*'? 
to bed.rop, sprinkle. 

okaplonic '^f to capon, castrate. 

okara^, two-wheeled waggon. 

okarmic '"'f to overfeed. 

okaz ",' exhibit; producing, ex- 
hibition; specimen, model; mani- 
festation , demonstration. «^ac, 
•-ywac ^f to show, testify, mani- 
fest; demonstrate. •,*, si§ ^f to 
appear. *.ale **? pompously, 
magnificently, •.alosc s magni- 
ficence, ostentation, pomp, •-aiy*? 
pompous, magnificent, ostenta- 
tious, •-anie, -ywanie " ex- 
hibition, producing; m. m. przyjazni^ 
mark of friendship, '-owy *? 
exhibitional. -iciel '^ bearer, 
presenter. 

okazya ^, occasion, opportunity; 
occasion, inducement. 

okielznac^? to bridle; /'fig J ia.me, 

okienliko "I small window ; garret- 
window; Cw piSmieJ blank. *.ni« 
Ca^, shutter. 



oklad 

vKf ad ^ (med.J compress, poultice; 



okrgt 



150 



z «.ein, more than. <«ac 



to 



wrap round, to cover; (damina) 
turf; (podatkamij charge, burden. 
•'ka, -.zina ^, cover, envelope; 
fnozaj handle. 

oktamllac, -^ywac ^? to deceive 
by lies, tell lies. 

■oklask '^ applause, approbation. 
•"iwac ^f to applaud. 

OkleiC '^? f papier em J to line (with 
pai>er); paste over. 

Oklektany, vid. okUpany. 

oklep, na * «*> without saddle (to 
ride), -^ac ^? to shape by bea- 
ting, -.any ^ trite, hackneyed. 

okno ^ window; loop-hole, em- 
brasure. 

Oko " eye ; fw Tcartach i na Jcost- 
kach do graniaj pip, point; fplur. 
okaj mesh ; co z oczu, to i z myUi, 
out of sight, out of mirfd; nie 
spuicii X oka, not to lose sight 
of ... ; w moich ^czach, in my view. 

Okocic Sif ^r Co orvcachj to cast 
iambs, to ewe; to bring forth. 

0k6t ^ circumference, circuit; 
na •, roundabout. 

okolillc '"'^ to environ, surround, 
•-ca^, region, environs pi. 

Okoliczilnosc *", circumstance, con- 
dition; occasion; •.noscl czam, 
junctures' of time, •'nosciowy" 
occasional, -►ny? adjacent, con- 
tiguous, surrounding; f gram. J 
finite. 

Ok61nl!ik "^ circular, circulatory 
letter, ^y ?• circulatory, neigh- 
bouring. 

okoio^^^<fe<*? about; near; na>^, 
w *,, roundabout. 

Okon, vid. okun. 

okop "^t intrenchment, rampart, 
-ac, -ywac ^^ to hoe, dig up; 
intrench, moat. <kisko ^ intren- 
ched place; Jewish churchyard. 
<^]lik ^ sapper, pioner. •-owy " 
fo roUinachJ cultivated, 

okopciliaty, okopcony" " grimy. 
*»C ^? to smoke, besmoke. 



OJfOsmaciec ^ to become rough, 
become shappy. 

okowllac, vid. oku6. -.y pL, fet- 
ters pL, shackles pi 

okowita^, spirits pL, aqua vitae. 

okpillc, -^wac ""^ to overreach, 
cheat; dac sip -.6, to be a dupe 
to one. -*sz, na -.sz, for cheating, 
-•szostwo 1 cheat, fraudulence. 
•-wacz '^ sharper, swindler. 

okra ^, ochre. 

okralldac, vid. okraic. •.dzenie t 
pilfering, robbing. 

okrag 'J fiwiataj globe; circum- 
ference; (kola) periphery; dis- 
trict, -.lak "T staddle, fir-wood. 
•'tawo ^ roundishly. -.iawy *? 
roundish. . •rJo *^? roundly. 
•'lose ^, roundness, rounding. 
-'lutki ? quite round, -ty f 
lound; (Tjot.J rotund. 

OkrajaC, vid. okrawac. 

Okrakiein "? astraddle; chodzii •, 
to straddle, go straddling. 

okraslla ^, bacon, fat, butter ; ffig.J 
ornament. *.ic ,• --zac ^? to 
butter, fatten; ffig.J season, spice. 

okrasc ^? to steal from , to rob. 

okrawllac "^f to cut round; Cfig.J 
curtail, reduce. *.ek™ shred, chip. 

okrazllac, -^-yc ^? to encircle^ sur- 
round, to turn encompass ; fprzy- 
ladekj to double; fmil.J to turn 
the enemy's flank. 

okr§cl|ac, -"ic ^? to wind round ; 
turn about, turn round, •"•sig^f 
to wind round, turn round. 

Okr§g^ district; ^ wyhorczy, eleC" 
toral division or district, •owy ^ 
of a district. 

Okrells "^ limitation ; period, space 
of time; (grain.) period, •alac, 
•-slic ^^ to limit; circumscribe; 
(grara.) define. -'Slajacy " de- 
terminative, •.slenie'^^ limita- 
tion, circumscription; definition, 
•slny " definite. 

okret ^ ship, vessel. * wojtnny, 
ship of war, man-of-war; -• zag^ 



160 okrgtowy 

lowy, sailer, sailing-sMp. •-owy?^ 
ship's, of a ship; Una *.owa, cable. 

okrfzne ^ harvest- feast. 

okrfznica^* fbotj hottonia. 

okroic, vid. okrawac. 

okrom ^*^ except; without. 

okropllnosc ^, terribleness, dread- 
fulness, -.ny " terrible, dread- 
ful, formidable. 

okrostowllaciec "^^ to be marked 
by cutaneous eruption. -».iaiy ^ 
full of pimples. [fragment. 

okruch '^ crum , crumb ; morsel, 

okrullcienstwo "J cruelty; cruel 
action, ^-tnica ^, cruel woman, 
•tnie ^} cruelly, •.tuik "^ cruel 
man, tyrant, ^-tnosc *", cruelty, 
••tny ^ cruel; (vulg.J huge, enor- 

okruszyna^, mite. [mous. 

okrwawic ""f to blood, stain with 
blood. 

okryllc, •-wac *"? to cover, shelter ; 
(fig.) colour ; palliate. *. /*. si§ '"X 
to cover oneself, •-cie^ covering; 
clothing; integument, -^wka ^, 
wrapper, shawl. 

okrzeplllosc *", clottiness. -».ly f 
clotty, -i-nac ^'^ to clot. 

okrze'sL'ac, ^ywac^^ (drzewo) to 
lop; (kamhnj cut; (fig.) polish. 
•^ac si§ ""r to polish one's man- 
ners, -^any " (fig. J polished, 

okrzos "^ lop. [civilised. 

okrzyczliany ? praised, celebrated; 
ill -reputed, -.ec "^f to extol, 
praise (too much) ; decry, defame. 

Okrzyk "^ outcry, clamour, shout; 
«*» radosny, shout of joy; •. wi' 



watowy , hail. *.nac 



(kogo 



krolem etc.J to proclaim (a person 
king etc.) •. •. sif , vid. ofuknac sip. 

Jkseft ™ hogshead. 

oktawa^i octave. 

okulic ^? to garnish, hammer; 
(koioj put the tire on . .; (zbrod- 
niarzaj to manacle, put in irons; 
(koniaj to shoe, •►cie ^ iron- 
covering; garnishment, iron work; 
fetters pi. 

okudtany f ill-combed. 



bliwobranie 

okularilnik 'J spectacle -maker; 

(zo.J Naja, crowned serpent. 

•.y pi., (pair of) spectacles. 
okulawiOc ^^ to lame, -^ec ^^' 

to become lame, 
okulbaczyc "^f to saddle, 
okulillsta '; oculist. *zacya % 

inoculation. *.zowac '^" to in« 
okun ™ (rybaj perch. [oculate. 
okup "^ ransoming; ransom. <*.ic, 

*'ywac ^" to redeem, ransom; 

(fig. J pay for.*,nik™ renter,tenant. 
okupacya ^,occupation,occupying. 
okurzyc '^" to smoke, fumigate; 

cover with dust. 
okwas "^ (chem.J oxide, 
okwiiiecic ^? to flower. *.t ^ de- 

florescense. *.tac, -^tnac '^*,* to 

cease blooming, be defloured. 

^-tly f faded, deflorate. 

olbrot "^ spermaceti. 

olbrzym '^ giant, -vi ^ gigantic, 

colossal, -wka^, giantess, 
olchlla, vicZ. oi5za. •'Owy, vid 

oleander "^ (hot.J rose-bay. 
oledry, olendry pi., colony, 
olej %' oil; *e sivi^te, extreme 

unction. <»« Iniany , linseed -oil. 

^ ziemny, petroleum, rock-oil; 

(fig J '-' t^ glowie , intellect. 

-'arnia, --nia^, oil -mill, -.ek"? 

•-ek rdzany, attar of roses; /«.ek 

migdatoivy, almond-oil. ••karz™ 

hawker of essences. -*kowac^? 

to smear with oil, to oil. •'kowy'? 

oil... •'iiik ^ oil-man. *.no "? 

oilily, in oil. -ny " oil ... 

•-owaty " oleaginous, ^owy ? 
oleisty f oily, oleous. [of oil. 
oligarchlla "^^ oligarch, ^ia ^, 

oligarchy, -^iczny" oligarchical, 
olimpillada <; Olympiad, -jski? 

Olympian, Olympic, 
oliscienie 1 foliage, 
oliwlla^, olive-oil; olive-.tree. -^ka^ 

olive, •-kowaty " olive-coloured. 

^kowy " olive-coloured ; olive . . . 

'•-ny " olive, olive . . . •-obranie » 

gathering olives. 



ol6w 

oWw^lead; '*'Oiowiem8paja6,zale- 
wa6, to lead, •-ek" lead-pencil; 
black-lead. *ek kolorowy , co- 
loured crayon, pastel, -kowy f 
pencil . . . ; plumbaginous. 

otowiallnka *i plummet. «.ny ? 
leaden; lead -coloured, •-sty ^ 
plumbeous, lead-coloured. 

olowiec " antimoniate of lead. 

oiownilla ^, lead -works. *k ^, 
plumber. 

olsnliic, -iewac^? to shine forth; 
(fig.) dazzle, blind. •-ienie " 
blinding, dazzlement. 

olstro 'J holster. 

olszlia ("bot.J alder, •-owy f alder . . . 
•'yna^, alder- wood; alder-grove. 
-'Vnka *", alder-wood; young alder. 

Oltarz "^ altar; xuielki *, high- 
altar; ("figj pojsc do *a, to get 
married, •-owy^ of altar, -^yk^ 
little altar; prayer-book. 

otysiec*^? to become bald-headed. 

Omackiem "? in groping; idzie •., 
he is groping in the dark. 

OmaCZaCi vid. ohmaczac. 

omaczyc ^? to sprinkle with meal 
or ""flour. 

Omal <*? somewhat. -» nie, o maio 
CO me, nearly, almost; o mato co 
nie upa-li, he was very near to fall. 

Omam "' hallucination. *,ic ^f 
to cheat, deceive, •.ienie 'J de- 
ception; (eiebie samegoj illusion. 

Oman "^ (T)otJ elecampane, inula. 

oma!!sta^, fat; grease. *szczac, 
•-SCic ^^ to grease. 

omawiac ^? to sift, clear up, 
discuss. 

omdlilato <*? weakly, feebly, -a- 
losc^, weakness; swoon, •.aiy" 
weak, impotent; fainting, -.ec, 
-►ewac ^? to faint away ; fall in 
a swoon, •.enie " fainting fit, 
swoon. 

omglic ^f to dim, darken. 

omillatac, --esc ^? to dust, 
•eciny pi., sweepings pi. 

Omieg " Clot. J aconite; leopard's 
bane. 

Czp^c poUko-angieisha. 



opak 



161 



omifknac ""^ to be mollified. 

omieszkac ^^ (czegoj to neglect, 
leave undone; fail, miss; nie 
omieszkam przyjsc, I shall not fail 
to come. 

omilljac, -nac ^^ to pass by, pass 
over; to avoid, shun. 

omtllacac, -6cic *^" to thrash out. 
-bcenie " thrashing (out). -Lof^ 
thrashing; thrashed corn, •otny^ 
productive, rich in corn. 

omlet "i omelet. 

omnibus "^ omnibus'. 

omoczyc ^f to steep, soak. 

ombwiilc, vid. omaiL'iac. *enie " 
discussion; periphrase, euphe- 
mism. 

omsz'lec "^^ to be covered with 
moss; become mouldy. *.ony f 
mossy. 

omyc, vid. ohviyd. 

omylilic ''^ to delude. *•- sie^f 
to mistake, be mistaken, -.tka *", 
mistake, error; «*-* drukarska, 
misprint^ [fallible. 

omylilnosc ^, fallibility, -..ny ? 

on, ona, ono ^^ he, she, it; this, 
that; -^.ego czasu, at that time. 

oil = o niego. 

ouad "p z •'j from that place. 

onegdaj "? the day before yester- 
day. *szy f done the day be- 
fore yesterday. •-•» dzien, thj 
day before yesterday. 

ongi ^} fobs.) one day, once. 

oniemi!!aiy " dumb, mute; fz^ 
zdziwieniaj dumfounded. •-ec ^l' 
to grow dumb or speechless. 

onuczka ^, linen flap for wrapping 

onyks "^ onyx. [up feet. 

opacliki '^ abbot's. *two " abbey. 

opacznilie "? wrong, perverslyi 
awry, -n-osc *", perversity, -.y " 
wrong, perverse; upside down. 

Opad ^ moisture, •-ac, vid. opaic. 
*ajacy ^ neap, sinking, -.anie " 
sinking; (lisci) fall. .*•. z sii, 
decaying in strength. 

opaiac, vid. opoid 

opak **? na •-, perversely, awry 



162 opakowa6 



opakowallc 



to pack up. m,». 



sie ' 

seff. 



CfamJ to cram, stuff one- 



'llie V package, packing up. 

opal ^ fmineral.J opal. 

Opalll'^ heating, heat; fuel. *.lac, 
lic^*^ to singe roundabout; singe 
a little; heat; make brown, tan 
(the skin), •-lacz "^ fire-maker, 
fire-man. •-Uc si§ ^^ to grow 
brown (sun-burnt). -Iny " ad- 
mitting of being heated. [fan. 

opaillacT f^hozej to fan. -^ka*", 

opalllisadowac ^f to impale, pali- 
sade, •.owac ^f to surround 
with pales. *owanie ^ paling. 

lOpalowy ?^ opaline. 

(Opaiowlly ? fuel . . . ; drzewo -^e, 
fire-wood, fuel. 

opamiftac si§ ^f ^^ collect oneself 

opanowallc ^f to master, he 
master of; befall, attack. *.nie " 
seizure, taking possession of. 

opar ™ hotness ; hot eating (meat), 

opar!!cie ^ support; punkt *cia, 
point of support; centre of mo- 
tion, -.ty ^ leant, supported. 

oparkanic^^ to impark, to impale. 

oparszywiec ^^ to be infected 
with itch. 

oparzllac, •-yc "^ ("kuchj to scald ; 
burn. *.yc sohie r^kf, to scald 
one's hand, •.yc Sl§ ^f to scald 
oneself, -.elisko ^, morass (never 
frozen over), ^-elizna *", burnt. 
•"enie ^ scalding; burn. 

opalls ^ mast, fat pasture, ^-sac, 
*s6^f to feed, fatten, •.sac si? ^f 
to grow fat. 

opasllac, *ywac ^? to gird about, 
surround ; fmilj invest, blockade ; 
enclose, encircle, •-ac, si^^fto 
gird oneself; •.ac sif mi'eczem, to 
gird on a sword, •.anie » gir- 
ding; waist; fattening. 

Opasc ^? to sink; hang down; 
fo liidachj fall (off); m, na sUach, 
to fail in strength. 

Opaska*", band; lady's belt. 

opaskudzic ^f to soil, dirty. 

opasii^O "p fatly, ^^osc *", obese- 



opiela^ 

ness. -ly f obese, fat. •.owy f 
•.owe hydto, cattle to be fattened ; 

Opat '^ abbot [falling. 

opatilrunek "? franyj dressing. 
*rywac, --rzyc ^f fw coj to pro- 
vide with, furnish with; (kogo) 
to dress the wounds ;/^ranp; dress; 
behold. *-* 8i§ ^r /"'« CO) to 
make provisions of a thing, •-ry- 
wanie, -rzenie " ("runyj dressing; 
providing. -..rznosc *", ("bozqj 
Providence; circumspection, cau- 



-rzny 



cautious. 



si^ 



to 



tiousness. 
careful 

opchac ^f to stuff, 
cram one's stomach 

op§dz!!ac, <vic ^f to scare away; 
run around; (potrzehy) to supply. 
-* '*' si§ ^T to get rid of, keep off. 

opera ^, opera. 

operllacya^, operation (especially 
chir.) ; poddac s-ip •.acyij to under- 
go an operation, -.acyiny ? ope- 
rative, -wator '^ (chir. J operator. 
*owac ^" to operate. 

opcretka Voperetta, 

Op^tallc ^^ to fetter ; (fig. J entangle, 
ensnare; bewitch, •.nie ^ de- 
monianism, possession, •^niec, 
-"ny "^ demoniac, -.ny ^ pos- 
sessed. 

opillac ^^ to pin round; garnish, 
^Dount. -w^cie ^ garnishment. 

opiat '^ soporific, narcotic. 

opic si§ ^r to drink one's fill. 

opich ",' (lot.) parsley. 

opiellc, •'kac ^f to roast rouna 
about. ^ [-nie " sealing. 

opieczftowallc ^^ to seal, seal up. 

opiekJIa *", protection, defence; 
guardianship. *.owac sie ^f to 
patronize; protect, •.tin T guar- 
dian; protector, patron, *unczy^ 
tutelary; relating to a guardian; 
duch m, -», tutelary genius. <»titj- 
ka ^1 guardian ; patroness, pro- 
tectress. •'Tinski f guardian's, 
•-linstwo " guardianship; pa- 
tronage. 

opielac ^? to weed. 



opie6ka 

opienka^, agaric. 

opieprzyc ^" to pepper. 

OpierallC, vid, oprzec i opraS. >*t 
si^ ^r to lean, -nie si§ ^ reluc- 
tance, opposition. 

opierzllac, -^yc ^^ to feather. ^ •. 
si§ ^r to get fledged, -ony f 
feathery. 

opieszaljle "? negligently, care- 
lessly. -*iosc *", negligence, re- 
missness, -iyf negligent,careless. 

opietllo ^^ tightly, •-y ^ tight- 
fltfing. [to sing; purport. 

opiewac ^f f to celebrate in song, 

apitljac sie, vid. opic si^. -.janie 
8i§ " druhkeness. -••lec ™ drun- 
kard. •'Istwo " drunkenness, 
•ly ^ drunken, tipsy. 

opililki pL, filings pL, file -dust, 
••owac ^? to file at, furbish up. 

Opinac, vid. opiac. 

opinia^, opinion; public opinion. 

opis "^ *aiiie, -ywanie " descrip- 
tion ; nie do ~ a7iia, indescribable. 
•'ac. *y^ac ^^ to describe, cir- 
cumscribe, ••owo ^^ descriptive- 
ly, --owy ^ descriptive, •.ujacy^ 
describing, painting; geometry a 
-vujaca, descriptive geometry. 

oplnm " opium. 

optacliac, -ic ^'" to pay. •.* sie'^r 
to buy oneself off, to ransom ; 
nie •! si?, it is not worth while, 
•anie 7 payment, 

optakllanie ^? lamentingly, de- 
plorably, -.any ^ deplorable, 
•iwac ^^ to weep for, deplore, 
bemoan. 

optata^, fee; tax, custom. 

oplatac^?^ to plait round, wreath, 
•nka^, wicker-bottle. 

oplatac ^? Cfig.J to immesh, en- 

optatek "^ wafer. [tangle. 

opleilsc, vid. opiatai. •ciony f 
plaited round. 

oplesnillaiosc*", m6uldines8.*aly^ 
mouldy, -ec*^'^ to become mouldy. 

opWkllac, -iwac ^? to rinse. 

opionaC ^? Co gniewiej to pass 
away." 



oprawa 



163 



optotek ^' hedge, fence. 

optowijialy" fallow, pale. «*.ec^^ 
to spoil by turning fallow. 

opluc ^f to spit on. 

Ophicna^, ^med.; pleura; zapalenie 
■optucnej, pleurisy. 

opiyllnac, *wac^f to swim aoout; 
sail about. 

opty^ac ^^- fw CO) to abound in 
or w. h. 

opoczysty " rocky, full of rock. 

opodal ^ at some distance. 

opodatkowallc "^f to impose a 
duty, tax, -.nie ^ taxation. 

opodeldok i; opodeldoc. 

op||6j " tippler, drunkard, •-oic^? 
to inebriate. 

opoka^ rock. 

opona*", curtain; veil, covering; 
upper-garment; ». welniana,^\a.\A. 

oponcza ^, rain-cloak, water- proof. 

oponowac ^?f to oppose; oppose 
oneself. 

op6r '^ resistance; opposition, 
contradiction; ii6 oporem^ not 
to come oflf. 

opornllosc ^, resistibility. •.y ? 
resistible ; resistant, 

oportTinillstyczny ^ opportunist, 
•.zm ™ opportunism. 

oporzadzllac , -ic ^^ Ckogoj to 
equip ; repair, restore. « • sif ^f 
to be equipped. *eiiie » equip- 
ment. 

opowilladac, -vedziec ^^ to nar- 
rate; tale, relate; (»lowo BozeJ 
preach; announce. «« sif "'^f 
to beg leave. *adaC2 "^ relator, 
narrator, ^-adanie " narration, 
narrative. *edz ^ •edzenie sif " 
announcement, -.esc *i story, tale. 

op6znii|ac, •■c ^f to retard, make 
late. *•- sif ^r to be late, 
•-eilie " retardment, retardation. 

opozycylla', opposition; opposite 
party, •jny ^ oppositional. 

oprallc '"f to wash the linen of a 
person, •nie " washing. 

oprawila ', (olrazu etc.j frame; 
fhsi^zkij binding; CfuzyiJ stock. 



164 oprawia6 

'k'iaCf --ic *"? fksiaz^j to bind; 
fohraz) frame; (ptrly etc.) en- 
chase , (ryJjf etc.) dress, prepare, 
•-ny ^ bound; enchased. 

Oprawca '^ headsman ; catchpoll. 

opr6chniec ^^ to become rotten. 

opr6cz ^r^ except, but. •» fego, 
moreover, besides. 

opromienillc ""f to beam round, 
irradiate, surround with beams. 
«^eilie ^ irradiation. 

Oprosic si? ^'' to farrow, to pig. 

oprowadzllac, --ic^" to lead about. 

oprysllkac, --nac '"^ to splash, 
sprinkle. 

oprysklillwosc *", (f-gJ efferves- 
cence, choleric temper. <^wy ^ 
(f.g.) effervescent, choleric. 

opryszek ™ brigand. 

oprzasc "^^ to spin round. 

Oprzec^^ to lean upon; support, 
prop; ^wa czem^ ground, •.si?^'' 
to lean upon; (na czemj rest 
upon; fT-omuJ resist a person. 

oprzykrzyc '"? *< sohie co, to be 
disgusted with, be tired of. 

oprzytomniec ^V to recover one's 
senses. 

optyllcznie «^ optically, -.czny ? 
optic(al); «*czne zludzenie, optical 
illusion, -rk '^ optician, -.ka^, 
optics pi. 

optymillsta ^, optimist. *»zm "^ 
optimism. 

opnchlliy " swollen; dropsical, 
••nac , to swell, swell up; be- 
conae dropsical. 

opnchlllina <i --iosc ^, oedema, 
-►linowy ^ dropsical, •-iii^cie, 
•nienie "J swelling, inflation, 
dropsicalness. 

opullscic, -szczac "^'^ to omit, 
leave out; let down, lower; fz 
cenyj to abate ; (kogoj abandon, 
leave in the lurch ; (giowfj to hang 
down ; ff-g.) -»'» rpce, to lie upon 
one's ears. *. •- sif ^f to neglect 
onttself; ••szczenie "J leaving, 
abandonment; dereliction; omis- 
sioo. 



Orkisz 

opustoszHaiosc ^, desertedness. 
-aty f desert. »,yc '^^ to de- 
vastate, lay waste. **yciel ^ de- 
vastator. 

opychac, vid. opchaS. 

orallc ^? to plough, •-cz "^ plougherj 
ploughman, -.nie ^ tillage. 

oranzerya ^, orangery, green- 
house, [torio. 

cratorynm ^ oratory ; (muz.) ora- 

oraz «f at once, together. 

orczyk '^ whipple-tree. 

ordellr '^ (badge .of an) order, 
••rowy f of an order; decorated 
(with an order) ; pan m. •-, knight 
of an order, •-rzyk'^ insignificant 
order. 

ordynacya ^, majorat; (int.) re- 
gulation, by-law; ». cztladna, re- 
gulation for servants. 

ordynans "^ order, command; 
(mil.) orderly. 

ordynarllny ? mean, ^.ya ^, al- 
lowance, emolument, ••yjny ^ 
common, customary. -*yusz " 
professor in ordinary; head- 
master of a class. 

ordynat ™ possessor of a majorat. 

ordzewiec ^? to grow rusty. 

oredowllac ^f (za kimj to inter- 
cede in favour of a person. *nik^ 
-^niczka^, intercessor. 



or§z '^ arm, weapon. 

armed, 
organ ™ organ. 

ganicalness. -^iczny 



»ny 



icznosc \ or- 

a 



'iscma 



--ista 



organic, 
organist, 
'izm'^ 



•'inistrz'^ organ-builder, 
organism. 

organizllacya 

-acyiny f organising, -.ator "^ 
organiser, -.owac ""f to organise. 
•"^ si§ "^r to be organised, or- 
ganise, -vowanie ^ organisation. 

Organliki pi., barrel-organ, melo- 
deon. -.y pi., (muz.) organ. 

orgie pi; orgies pi. 

orka^, tillage. [orchestral. 

orkiestra ^, orchestra. •-Iny f 

orkisz *; (bot.) spelt. 



orle 

orllle ^ Corn.) eaglet, --i ^ aqui- 
line, eagle . . . ; eagle-like. *.ica ^, 
feinule eagle, •-ik'^ eaglet; (hot.) 
female fern. 

ornament, a pl.^ ornaments pi. 
-owy " ornamental. 

ornat ™ pontificals pi. 

omitolog '^ ornithologist. -via*i 
ornithology. 

orny " arable, ploughable. 

orosilic ^'^ to bedew. *,ec '^^ to 
be bedewed. 

orszada*", orgeat. 

orszak ™ attendance, retinjie. 

ortodoksya \ orthodoxy. 

ortografil.a % orthography, •-cznyf 
orthographical. 

ortopedyi a *", orthopaedy, -.czny^ 
orthopaedic. forlental. 

oryental;iista" orientalist, -.ny? 

oryffinaili ",' original; (osoha) 
character. ^-Inosc^, originality. 
•'Iny " original. 

Oryl '^ raftsman. 

orzech ^J nut-tree; nut; (fig.) ^ 
twardy , hard task ; « jedwabny. 
cocoon ; <» laskowy, nut ; ^ tvtoskif 
walnut; •. ziemny, earth-nut, ar- 
not. •'Owka ^, fom.J nut-qracker ; 
nut-brandy, -^owy^ nut-brown; 
nutty; walnut. 

orzeczenie " (gram.) predicate. 

orzet '^ Corn.) eagle; C^oibo-wka) 
kite. 

orzeszyna ^, nut-tree; wood of 
nut-trees. [freshen. 

orzezwillac, «*c ^? to refresh; to 

orznac^" Cvulg.) to cudgel ; cheat^ 
fleece a person (of his money). 

OS ^, axle; (mat.) axis. 

Osa*i wasp. 

Osaczllenie " investment, blockade, 
-yc ^^ to invest, blockade; 
surround. [pi. 

Osad"^ sediment, lees pZ., grounds 

OSa'da^, colony; garrison; (noza) 
handle; (atrzelly) stock ; (armaiy) 
carriage, •-dnik "J settler, colo- 
nist, -.dowic sie 'T to take up 
one's abode, •.dzac , -'dzic ^? 



osiedziei 



165 



Cdrzewami etc.) to plant; Cdyament 
etc.) to enchase; occupy; fnuzj to 
furnish with a handle; (strtelh^) 
to stock ; to fix, plant upon ; co- 
lonise ; •- -* 7m ironie, raise to the 
throne, enthrone ; ^m, lo wifzieniu, 
to imprison, incarcerate. 

Osadzi:enie * sentence, condem- 
nation, •-ic ^'" to condemn, 
sentence. 

osamotnillc ^? to isolate. *enie ^ 
louesomeness. *ony ',* lonesomOc 

OSC*", fish-bone; thorn, prickle; 
fishgig. 

oschljiosc ^,^ aridity, ^ly f arid, 
dry. -•^nac, ^r ^0 ^^y up, grow 

OSCien "IJ goad. [dry. 

oscienny^ neighbouring, adjacent 

OSCiez, Cdizwi) otwarte na -, 
quite open. 

oscisty " full offish-bones; thor- 
ny, prickly. 

OSf k "^ ^-a ^, crooked timber, com- 
pass-timber; grapple. 

oseika^, whetstone. 

dsemka^, the eighth. 

OSf pillaiosc *i sadness, mournful- 
uess. ••aiy " sad, mournful. 



'CC 



to become sad. 



0SerC6, vid. osierdzie. 

osesek ^ suckling baby. 

oset ",' (bot.J thistle. 

osiadljac, vid. osiasc. -iosc ', 
property; population; domicile, 
••iy f settled, domiciliated; po- 
pulous. 

osiagnac ^f to reach, attain, gain. 

osiak!!ac, -•-n^c ^T to drip, trick U 
down. 

osiasc ^V" to settle, establish one- 
self; Co plynach) sink, settle; Co 
hudynkach) sink, go down; Cf> 
okrpcie) run ashore, strand, 

osillca, vid. osika. -.czyna *i aspen 
wood. 

osidlic ^? to imraesh, ensnsfTe. 

osielic, •'kao ^" to cut, hew; 
scourge, horse-whip, 

osiec^ hop-kiln. [ground. 

osiedziec sie ^f to keep one's 



16G 



osiedla6 



3siedl||ac, •ic ^* to colonise. *, ». 
si§ ^r to establish oneself, settle. 
«»<enie^ settlement, colonisation. 

OSifgllac, -nac, vld. osiagnaS. 

Osiek '^ sprawajak w •."a, strange 
judicial decision. 

osiedziec sie ^r to keep one's 
ground, hold one's own. 

Osiel '^ ass, donkey; (fig J ass, 
dolt, -ek "y little donkey. 

osiem, fnumj eight, -dziesiat 
(num.) eighty. •- «*'y ? the eigh- 
tieth, •'kroc *? eight times, 
•-nascie (num.) eighteen. 

osierdzie ^ pericardium; pluck. 

Osierocillaty f orphan, fatherless 
and motherless, ^c^" to orphan, 
ec ^? to become an orphan. 

osillka, *na \ asp, aspen. -,kowy, 
*'nowy 'f aspen. 

osiodiac ^f to saddle. 

OSiol, vid. osiei. 

oaiwillatyf gray-headed, -ed^" 
to become gray (-headed). 

oskard ^ pick-axe. 

oskarzllac, -'yc^? to accuse, im- 
peach, '^enie ^ accusation, im- 
peachment *.ony ^ accused, de- 
fendant •.yciel ™ accuser, im- 
peacher. ^.ycielka*", accuseress. 

Osklepic "^f to vault over. 

oskoczyc ^? to skip or leap around. 

Oskol:a^, (drzewj sap. 

oskoma <", appetite, great desire; 
blunting (of teeth). 

oskrobilac ^? to scrape off, shave 
otf. *iny J??., shavings pi. 

oskrzela pi. Co^natJ bronchia pi. 

oskrzydlic ^^ Cmil.J to outflank, 
outwiog. [(figJ fleece. 

oskubilac, --ywac ^? to pluck; 

08l:a, vid. oseika. 

oslablliac, -ic ^? to weaken, de- 
bilitate, enfeeble. «>ianie ^ wea- 
kening, enfeeblement. -ienie ^ 
(medj inanition of body; weak- 
ness, heaviness, •-lony " en- 
feebled, weakly. «.iia6 ^ to 
grow weakly. 

Osladzac, vid. oalodzic. 



oSmioscian 

Osll!aJ: 'J young ass. -.arz '^ ass- 
driver. »,^ ^ ass's foal. 

Oslaniac, vid. oslonic. 

ostawillac, <*c ^" to defame, decry, 
-anie ^ defamation. 

Oslep, na m. blindly; at random. 
-«iac, •'ic^, to blind, make blind; 
(fig. J delude, blind, -^ienie ^ 
blinding; (fig. J blindness, infa- 
tuation. *nac ^? to grow blind. 

OSli f ass's. *ca ^, she-ass, jenny- 
ass. *sko \ big ugly ass; (fig.) 

oslinic^? to beslaver, [ass, dolt 

oslizllty ^ slippery, -.nac '^V' to 
become slippery; •.lo, "there is 
a glazed frost, m. «. si§ ^X to 
get musty; slip, lose one's footing. 

osiollda \ softening, alleviation, 
-^dzenie ^ sweetening, ••dzic ^? 
to sweeten; (fig.) soften. 

oslonlla ^, veil, cover, -.ic "^f to 
mantle, cover over, veil. [tate. 

OStuchiwac ^^ (medJ to auscul- 

oshipi||aiosc*",stupefaction.*alyf 
startled , dumbfounded, -ec . 
to get numbed, istartled. *.enie ^ 

osm, vid. osiem. [stupor. 

osmagac "^f to scourge, horse- 

OSmalic, vid. osmotic. [whip. 

osmarowac ^? to soil, besmear. 

osmaiyc ^" to broil; (w cukrze) 
sugar. 

osmdzieslliaMww., eighty, ^iatyf 
eightieth, '"•'iecioletni ? eighty 
years old; of eighty years; octo- 
genarian. 

osmielilac, *ic '^^ to make bold, 
encourage. *<•. sie '^f to dare, 
•enie " encouragement. 

osmieszllac, -"yc ^'? to ridicule. 

6smiO!;boczny " octahedral, oc- 
tangular, •.bok, •'kat "y octagon. 
•-kataiy ^ octagonal, •-letni f 
eight years old, of eight years, 
^miesieczny ? eight months old; 
occurring every eight months. 
--raki ^ eightfold ; of eight diffe- 
rent sorts, -rako «? eightfold. 
-ro 1 eight *sciaa "^ octa* 
hedroa. 



n§mkro6 

ofimkrollc «*> eight times, •-tny" 
dono or repeated eight times. 

osmnallscie " eighteen, --sty ? 
ei;;teenth. 

Osmolic ^? to pitch, soil. 

Osmset.nuTn., eight hundred-^-ny^ 
eight hundredth. 

osmnzyc ^^ (zajaca) to skin, flay. 

6smy , eighth. 

osmykac "^^^ (z Uhi) to strip off 
(the leaves of...) 

osniezyc '"f to cover with snow. 

osnik '^ carving-knife. 

Osnowa *", contents, tenor; flkacka) 
weft; (zyciaj thread. . ^c, OS- 
nuc ^^' to spin round; (krosnaj 
warp; (f.g.) project, contrive. 

jsny ^ axle . . . 

osoblla^, person; personage, •^is- 
cie "-^ in person , personally, 
•-istosc *", personality, person, 
••isty " personal. 

Osobklla ^, small person, figure. 
*.i pl.y dainty bits, tit-bits. 

OSObliwHie <^? particularly, espe- 
cially, •-osc^ strangeness, sin- 
gularity, particularity; rarity, 
•-szy, -^y " strange, peculiar, 
extraordinary, ^.y ^ strange, 
singular, odd; special, especial. 

OBObllnik ^ individual. *-no ^} 
separately; z *na,especially. -^ny" 
isolated, separate. -OWOSC*", in- 
dividuality, •-owy " personal. 

OSOlic ^" to salt, pickle. 

OSOwillatosc ^, dejection, sadness, 
'caly ^* dejected, sad. «.e6 "^7^ 
to become dejected, sad. 

OSpa^, pock, small-pox; wieirzna 
•-, wind-pox. 

.OSpa!|le «p lazily, drowsily, -vlec'^ 
drowsy fellow ; bed-presser, lazy- 
bones, •.lose *", •IstwO ^ drow- 
siness, laziness, •-ty " drowsy, 
sleepy; lazy. 

ospowaty " pitted or marked 
with the smnll-pox. [core. 

•osrodllsk "; --ka^, crumb; Cowocu) 

osromocic ^^ to dishonour, dis- 
grace. 



ostry 



167 



osronillc ^f to cover with hoar- 
to get covered 



frost. 



'60 



with hoar-frost. 

ostac si§ ^r to hold one's own, 
keep one's ground ; remain. 

ostatecznilie "^? definitively, final- 
ly; for the last time, •-osc ^, 
extremity, extreme, -.y ^ defi- 
nitive, final; extreme; sad •ry^ 
doomsday. 

OStatllek"^ rest, remainder; nam.*., 
finally; do -.ka, to the last, 
'»']sipl., remnant, residue ; carni- 
val, [extreme. 

ostatni " last; ultimate, final; 

OStawac sif, vid. ostac sif. 

ostentacya ^, ostentatiousness. 

osteologia ^» osteology. 

ostep "^ hunting-ground; enclo- 
sure, [hour. 

ostoja^, landing place, small har- 

OStollkrzew "^ holly, holly- tree, 
-^waty " acanthaceous. •-wy ? 
thistle . . . 

ostro ^? sharply; severely, rigo- 
rously; harshly, roughly, •-kat'^ 
oxygon. *r*,iiy?oxygonal. 'vk6t'^ 
palisade, -krag ^ (mat. J cone. 
-"•'Owy, -'kregowy ^ conical. 
•^kTZew"^ ^&o^> acanthus. *-pysk™ 
fzo.J shrew-mouse ; (ryhaj sword- 
fish, •.siup ^y pyramid, -.sc^, 
sharpness, keenness; acuteness; 
(smaku) pungency; roughness. 
^Widz i; Czo.J lynx. 

0Str6g " stronghold, citadel. 

OStrOga^, spur; hind-claw; apiac 
•-mi fkcniajy to set spurs to, to 
spur (a horse). [river. 

0Str6w "^ ait, small island in a 

0Str6zka*", fbotj larkspur. 

ostrozllnosc *", precaution, cau= 
tiousness; miec sip Tia •nOSCi, to 
take heed, -vny ^ precautious, 
cautious. 

ostmflgac ^f Cowoc) to pare, peel, 
••zyny pi-, shavings pi. 

OStiy f sharp, keen; acute; (o 
smaku, zapachuj pungent, acrid*, 



168' 



ostryga 



(fig.) severe, rigorous; fo wietrzej 
piercing, rough. 

ostryga*, oyster. 

OEtryz '? (botj turmeric. 

OStrze " fnoza etc. J edge. 

OStrzelldz, -^gac '"^ to warn, ad- 
monish, -vgacz ™ admonisher. 
•zenie ^ admonition, warning. 

OStrzelac '"? (konia) to accustom 
to fire, *.8i^ "^r (^ czemj to ac- 
custom oneself to . . . 

ostrzen '^ (lot.) dog's-tongue. 

ostrzyc "^^ to shari)en, whet. 

ostrzyca^, reed-grass. 

ostrzylldz, -^gac^" to shave, shear. 
•'Zenie " shearing. *,zki pi., 
chippings pi., chips pi. 

ostudzl'ac, -ic ^'" to cool, cool 
down. 

OStyglliosc *", coolness; (fig.) in- 
difference. ».\y ^ cool ; (fiy.) in- 
different, •.nac, '•ac^? to grow 
cool; (fig.) ab'ate; •-a w zapale, 
his zeal abates. 

osulinac sif , -wwac sif ""f, to fall 
in, sink, go down, -^-niecie si§ " 
(ziemij rolling down. 

OSUSZilac, *yc '^'f to dry; (iaki) 
drain, -^alnyf drainable. •-enie'J 
drying, (tak) drainage. [ma. 

OSUtka *", rash, eruption, exanthe- 

OSwajac, vid. oswoi6. 

oswiadllczac, -czyc^'? to declare, 
make known. «•. •. sie "^ (z czem) 



offer, offering. 



sie 



to de- 



clare one's love ; (z czem) to offer. 
<*czenie ^ declaration. 

OSwiata^, civilisation, culture. 

Oswiec'lac, ^ic *^^ to illuminate; 
(fig.)^ enlighten, instruct. ~anie, 
•-enie " illumination; (fig.) in- 
struction, enlightenment. •'Ony'^ 
civilised, enlightened ; Jasuie * *, 
Most Serene. 

oswietlenie " lighting, illumina- 
tion ; *. gazowe, gas-lighting. 

oswobiladzac, ^odzic ^" to free, 
deliver, affranchise. -. •- si§ "^f 
to be freed, be delivered, •-o- 
dzeuie " affrancbisemeat, delive- 



oszuka6 sig 

ranee, •-odziciel ^ liberator, 
deliverer. 

oswollic '^'? to tame, domesticate ; 
accustom. -*•- sif ^f to fami- 
liarise oneself, -jony" (z czem) 
intimate, familiar with. [up. 

osychac ^? to grow dry, to dry 

osypllac '"^ to strew, powder, 
sprinkle, -..ka^, food for cattle, 
mash, bran. 

oszacowaljc ^" to estimate, tax. 
«*liie "J estimation, valuation. 

oszalllaiy ^ mad. -.ec ^"' to be- 
come mad. 

oszancowallc "^^ to entrench, for- 
tify, -nie "J circumvallation. 

oszarllgac "^ to dirty all round, 
"-paniec, ^'id. ohszarpaniec 

oszczac '^'^ to piss upon. 

OSZCZelidnosc ^, sparingness, thrif- 
tiness; -.dnosci jp^., savings pZ. 
•"dny f sparing, saving, thrifty, 
-^-dzac, •'dzic '^f to save, spare, 
be economical with; «> « komu 
trudu, to save a person trouble. 

oszczekilac, -'iwac ^f to bark at ; 
(fig.) calumniate, slander. 

oszczenic sif ^T to bring forth 
young. 

oszczep "^ spear, pike. 

OSZCzerlIca ^, calumniator, defa- 
mer. --stwo V calumniation, de- 
famation, *.czy " calumnious, 
slanderous. 

oszkalowac ^^ to defame, ca- 
lumniate. 

Oszkaradzllic ^''? to deform, dis- 
figure. *enie ? disfigurement, 

oszklic ^'" to glaze. 

OSZnurOwac, vid. ob$znurowa6. 

oszoiomliic ^?^ to cheat, take in. 
--ienie " cheatery. 

oszpeiicac, ••cic ^" to deform, 
disfigure, -^ceilie " disfiguration, 
deformation, •-tniec ^^^ to be- 
come ugly. 

OSZronic, vid. osronic. [rail in. 

osztachetowac ^^ to fence in, 

oszii'lkac ^'" to cheat, deceive, 
•"kac sig '^r to be mistaken. 



oszukaniec 

*kaniec ^ swindler, deceiver, 

impostor, -kanstwo ^ fraudu- 

lence, imposture, •st^ •-stka^i 

sharper, deceiver. •-stWO " cheat, 

fraud, deception, 
oszwabic^" to overreach, cheat. 
Ot, vid. oto. 
Otaczac, vid. otoczyc. 
Otaflowac^^ to board, wainscot, 
otajac ^r to thaw. 
otaKSOwac^? to estimate, value, 
otarcie 1 wiping oS. - sif o 

wielki iwiat, intercourse with 

fashionable men. 
Otawa *", after-grass , after-math. 
OtcMan*", abyss; precipice. 
Otlui'C, -^kac "^' (Un efc.; to stamp 

off, to husk by stamping, 
ottullscic, -"Szczac ^f to grease, 

fatten, -.sciec^'^ to become fat. 
Oto * behold! look! 
OtOCZiieniel surrounding; objects 

or persons surrounding one. 



-yc 



to surround, environ 



invest. m,m, si§ '"^ to be sur- 
rounded. 

Otok '^ matter, pus. [couch. 

otomaElla, -ka^, kind of low sofa, 

Ot6z, fid. oto. 

otrllabic, -Ȥbowac'"? to divulge, 

blaze abroad. 
otrf bowiatliosc ^, scurfiness. •.y ? 

scurfy, scably. 

otreby pi., bran, pollard, [leprous, 
otrfdowaciec *^? to become 
Otr^twialy, vid. odrptwialy. 
otrociny pi., saw-dust, 
otrullc ^? to poison, •ty ? poi- 

sened. •.cie "5 poisoning, 
otrzaskac*^" to accustom to crack 

or to fire. 
otrzasliac, -nac ^^ to shake off, 

cast" off. *.n4c si§ ^f C^ czegoj 

to shake off; get rid off . . . 
Otrzec ^" to wipe (dry), wipe off. 

-sif ^r to civilise, 
otrzepllac, -ywac ^? to dust, 

beat the dust off. 
Otrzewna*", (anat.J peritoneum. 
Otrzezwi!,'c ^7 to make sober; 



6wcze8ny 169 

comfort, refresh, •-ec^? to De- 
come sober, '^enie ^ making 
sober; recreation, refreshment. 

otrzym!!ac, -.ywac '"^ to get, ob- 
tain, receive. <*ywac 8i§ "^f to 
be obtained, •.anie 7 getting, ob- 
tainment. 

Otucha *", courage, confidence, 
trust; dodawac oiuchy , to en- 
courage. 

otulllac, •'ic '^f to tuck round, 
cover closely. 

otninanic ^" ffam.j to humbug, 
throw dust into a person's eye. 

otwarlicie ^ opening. *cid «p 
sincerely, frankly. •-tOSC *", open- 
ness; frankness, candidness. •ty'? 
open; sincere, frank; (fig J •.ta 
gtowa, clever man. 

otwardnac ^? to harden. 

otwilierac, -orzyc ^? to open; 
CliatJ unseal. -..*. sie ^f t<^ be 
opened, open; •-•. sobie droge, 
to force one's way. -ieracz , 
opener. •,6r™ aperture, opening; 
hole; stanac •-orein, to open. *o- 
rzenie ^ opening, beginning. 

Otylliosc ^, corpulency, obesity, 
fatness, •ly " corpulent, obese. 

otynkowac '^^ to rough-cast. 

Ouzdac ""f to bridle 

6w, owa, owo P'^ that ; that one. 

owad '^ insect. *ek "J small 
insect, •-ozerny ^ insectivorous. 

owad "-^ «i 2<nd ni z •-, without 
reason, as bold as brass. 

Owak "'^ in some other way. -►i ? 
another, of another kind. 

owal "^ oval. *nie «? ovally. 
-.nosc^, ovalness. -ny ? ovalj 
ovaliform. 

owca^i sheep. 

owczllarek "; shepherd's boy^ 
•amia *", sheep-fold, -amy , 
relating or belonging to the sheep- 
fold, -arski^ shepherd's, •arz'^ 
shepherd, -y^ sheep's; sheepish. 

6wczesiiy " then, at that time, 
of those times. 



170 owdowiai^os6 

owdowillalosc ^, widowhood, 
•-aty " widowed, •-c ^^ to wi- 
dow, -^ec ^f to become widow 
or widower. 

owdzie "? there, yonder. 

OW§dy ^? through that place; 

owiilac, •'BWac ^? to blow round, 
fan. [katkin. 

owieczka ^, lamb, lamb-kin ; (hot.) 

owies ^ oat, oatsi>l. ••ek ^ oat; 
(zo.) smelt.' 

owiljac, -nac '^^ to, cover over, 
wrap up, enwrap. 

owionac, vid. owiaS. 

owtadnac ""^ to become master 
of, master, rule over. 

OWOC ^ fruit. *.arka^, fruit-wo- 
man. *.nik ™ fruiterer, fruit- 
seller. «.ny, *odajny, '►owy ^, 
fruit-bearing.fructiverous; fruit...; 
•.OWy ogrud, orchard. 

OWOCZesny, vid. dwczesny. 

Ow6z <*? now ; well? why, then ...; 
m, jestem, here I a.m. 

owrzodzllenie 7 ulceration, --ialy^ 
abscessed. 

owsijlanka *", groats pi:, grits pi. 
•-any " oaten; •'ana maka, 
oat-meal. -*.k '^ fbotj oat-grass. 
-sko 7 oat-field. 

Owszem <*p on the contrary; no 
doubt ! i ~, be it so ! 

Ozanka^, fhotj germander. 

OzdabiaC. vid. ozdohic. 

ozdoblla \ ornament, decoration ; 
ffig-J grace, -.ic '"'^ to adorn, 
decorate. Menie 'J adorning, 
adornment, -nosc ^, elegance, 
neatness, ornament, -.ny *? ele- 
gant, neat. 

ozdrowiilc ^^ to cure, restore to 
health, -ec ^? to get well, re- 
cover health, •.enie 7 recovery, 

OzenJIek "7 marriage, •.ic ^'^^ to 
marry, to give in marriage, - -. 
sie ^r to marry, -^ienie "J mar- 
rying, marriage, 

oziebllic '^^ to cool, cool down, 
•ieiile 1 cooling, •.le «p coolly. 



pacierzowy 

indifferently. -.Jose ^, coolness, 
indifference, apathy, •,}y*J^ cool, 
indifferent, wanting affection, 
-nac ^V' to grow cold, cool down. 

Ozieienic ^f to cover with ver- 
dure, 

ozimllina ^, winter -corn, •-y J 
fo zhoiuj winter .. . 

ozionac "^f to breathe upon. 

oziocic ^^ to gild. 

Oznacz!!ac, -^yc ^^ to mark; de- 
note, indicate; point out. -.enieT 
mark, designation. 

oznajm!|iac, •'ic, -owac ^f to 
announce, give notice, notify, 
advertise. --iciel "^ informer, 
announcer. *ienie "!? informa- 
tion, intimation; declaration, 
-ujacy ? (gram.J tryb « •, indi- 
cative mood. 

oznaka^, sign, symptom. 

Oz6g "^ poker, oven-rake. 

Oz6r '^tongue, neat's tongue. 

czrebic si§ ^f to foal. 

Ozwac si§, vid. odezwac sip. 

ozyljc ^f to revive, •.wczy ^ 
vivifying , enlivening, -sWiac, 
--wic '^f to animate, enliven, 
refresh, -vwianie,. -- wienie 7 
animation, revival; refreshing. 



pach ^7 (zwitrzat) smell, sense o! 

s^melling. 
pacha*", arm-pit. 
pachciarz ^ cow-keeper, 
pachnllac ^^ to smell, smell sweet, 

-acy " sweet-scented, fragrant. 

--idlo ^ perfumery, perfume, 
pachollle "J lad, boy ; page, esquire. 

-^lecy ? boyish, -^lek ^ lad; 

baggage-boy, servant ; boot-jack, 
pacht "",' lease of cattle; dairy- 
rental, [wy " of groin, 
pachwillna^, ^ana<.; groin. «.no- 
pacillerz ^ the Lord's prayer; 

back- bone, spine, -erzowy t 



paciorek 

spinal; belonging to the Lord's 
prayer; kosc *.erzowa, baclc-bone, 
spiue. •.orek " short prayer. 
«*orka*", bead, glass-pearl, -orki 
pi., rosary, chaplet of beads. 

pacnac "^ to give a blow. 

pacyent , patient, •.ka *", (female) 
patient. 

pacyfikacya *", pacification. 

pacz ",' punch. 

paczek '^ leaf-bud; pan-cake. 

paczes *", tow , hards pi. ^ny " 
made of tow. 

paczka *", small parcel^ packet. 

pacznla^, patchouly. 

paczyc sie ^'l' (o drzewiej to warp. 

padalJC ^V' ''deszcz •, it rains ; grad *, 
it hails; snieg -*, it snows. 

padac, vid. pasc. 

padallc Bi§ ^r to chap, -czka ♦; 
epilepsy, falling-sickness. 

padalilczy " adder's, viperine. 
*ec "' blind-worm; adder, viper. 

padjlina^, •to" carcass, canion. 

padot '^ dingle, dell; • ptaczu, 
vale of tears. 

padz^, honey-dew. 

paf * puff! 

paginowac '"^ to page. 

pagoda*", pagod, pagoda. 

pagorliek"' hill, hillock. *kowa- 
tosc *i hilliness. --kowaty " hilly, 
hillocky. 

pajac "^ Jack-pudding, buffoon. 

pajllak ^ (zo.) spider; lustre, 
-.gczy " of spider, -.eczyna *", 
cobweb, spiderweb. -.eczysty " 
cobweb. 

pak 'y pitch, cobler's wax. 

pak ™ bud, eye. *owie " buds pi., 
b'uttons pi. 

paklla'^, pack, bale, -►iecik ^ 
small packet. -let "^ packet, 
parcel. [cloth. 

paktak "IJ packing- cloth, sack- 

pakowllac ^" to pack, pack up; 
(\ig.) devour, •.anie " packing. 
-ny " where it can be much 
put in. -.y f papier *,y, packing- 
paper, brown-paper. 



palmowa 171 

pakuiy pi-, hards pi., hurds pi. 

pakunek 'T luggage. 

pal ",' pale, stake; tvbic no -*, to 
impale. 

palac "^ palace, hotel, -owy ^ 
palatial, palace . . . •-yk ^i small 
palace. 

patac ^? to flame, blaze; Cfig.^ 
be inflamed with ..., burn with. = , 

palacz ^ fire-man; smoker. 

paladyn '^ paladin, knight-errant. 

paiat. ",' arch, vault. 

palanka^, fence of planks. i 

palanf? mallet (for tennis); tennis. 

palatynat '^ palatinate. 

palasz ",' broadsword ; «. morski 
(zo.) sword-fish, •-owac ^? to 
strike with a sabre, sabre; (fam.) 
eat heartily. 

palcat '^ stick. 

pallicowy f finger . . . ^czasty ? 
fingered, •ec "' (u rekij finger; 
fn nogij toe; *. serdtczmj, ring- 
finger; ^srediii, middle -finger; 
wielki m,ec fu rekij thumb; wielki 
-^ec (u nogiJ, the big toe; «»•» 
xvskazujacy, forefinger, index. 

paleczka U small beetle, small 
mallet. 

palllenie " burning, combustion; 
•"*- ciat, cremation, •ic^?" to 
burn; (ceglyj bake, burn; (kawej 
roast; fivodkpj distil; (tytonj 
smoke; (w piecu) heat. m. «, sie^f 
to burn, be burning; (fam.'' do 
pannyj to be in love with. 

paleografia*", paleography. 

palestra \ magistrates pi., jud- 

paleta ^, palette, pallet, [ges pi. 

palisady pi , pali>ade. 

palisandlier "' •rowe drzewo, rose- 
wood, palisander. 

paliusz '^ pallium. 

paliwoda '^ hot-brained fellow. 

palka*", mall(et), club; drumstick; 
(vulg.J head. 

palm'ia^, palm-tree; (fig.) pnlm; 
-a wachlarzoiva, fan-palm, -o- 
wy ^ palmy, palm ...; -owa 
Niedziela, Palm Sunday. 



172 palna6 

paln![^C ^"^ to strike, give a blow; 
fire /discharge; -.*. sohie w ieb, 
toi blow out one's brains. *.ik ™ 
fu lamp etcj burner, -^osc ^ 
combustibility, •.y^ combustible ; 
Iron m,B,j fire-arm. 

palowllac ^? to fence round with 
pales, •.anie » piling; pile- work. 
m,y ^ pile . . 

palpitacya^/«erca^ palpitation. 

palto(t) » great-coat. 

palullch ™ thumb; finger-stall. 
-'SzMewicz " hop-o'ray-thumb. 

pamiatklla 't keepsake; na *.^ 
(czegoj, in remembrance of . . . 
•Owyf memorial, monumental; 
•.Qwa <a6iica, monumental tablet. 

pamif lie ^, memory; remembrance, 
recollection, zarhowac w •-cii to 
keep in mind; v aye sip na *c, 
to learn by heart, ••ciowy" of 
memory. 

pamif tljac "^f to remember ; think 
of. •.ne ^ reminder, refresher; 
dac komu m, -•, to cudgel a person, 
•■nik^ memorial, diary; memoir; 
literary periodical. -.nlM pi, me- 
moirs pi. •nikowy ^ of me- 
moirs. *ny " memorable; ha- 
ving a good memory. 

pan "^ lord; gentleman; Cprztd 
nazwiskiemj Mr.( = mister); master; 
•ie ! Sir I «>owle ! gentlemen ! jaki 
m>i taki kranif like master, like 
man. 

pancejlrnik "^ CokrptJ iron- clad; 
Czo.J armadillo, •.my " cuiras- 
sier. *rz ™ coat of mail. 

pandrdw* '^ earth-worm, grub; 
belly-worm. 

paaegiryijk "IJ encomium, pane- 
giryc. ^sta "^ encomiast, pane- 

panek '^ lordling. [gifyst. 

panew ^, pan; warming-pan. 
•ka ^, (u strzelbyj touch-pan; 
small pan. 

pani *", lady, madam ; fdomuj mis- 
tress; fprzed nazwiskiem ) Mrs. 
(= mistress); -•! madam! sza- 

jnowiie m.Ql ladies! 



papierowy 

panicz"^ lordling; (young) master. 
*owskl"lordling's. --ykostwo^ 
haughtiness of a lordling, lordli- 

paniczny f panic. [ness. 

panielinka ^, young maid, •nski ? 
maiden, virginal. -^nstwo $ 
maidenhood, virginity. 

panisko ^ good old geutlemanc 

panna *", maid, virgin ; young lady; 
(zawsze z nastfpujacem imieniem 
lub nazwiskiemj Miss; NajSwiptsza 
Panna, the holy Virgin; m,3tuzq,ca, 
chamber-maid. 

panorama^, panorama. 

panollszyc sif ^T to grow rich; 
be pulled up with pride, lord it, 
*wac '"V' to rule, goveru, reign ; 
^ nad soha, to be master of one- 
self, •.wanie " government, reig- 
ning; reign; za *wania (krola.J 
in the reign of . . . 

pansllki?" lordly, segneurial ; splen- 
did; *-•. 6ra^, your brother ; •.ka 
siostra, your sister; po *.ku, 
lordly. *.kosc *", lordliness, lordly 
manners, distinction, •.two » 
empire, state; lordliness; distinc- 
tion; ^domw^ master and mistress I 
vitodzi .•*., betrothed couple. 

panslawillsta"; I'anslavist. -.zm™ 
Panslavism. 

panszczyzilna ^» socage, soccage, 
-"iiiany ? socage . . ., relating to 
the socage. 

pantaloay i)l., trousers pi. 

pantera^, fzoj panther. 

pantofel'^. slipper; ffigj lye pod 
pantoflenif to be henpecked. 

pantomina^, pantomine, 

panujacy ^ dominant, reigning; 
« do/n, reigning family, dynasty. 

paplla"^ (fam.J father, papa ; ^tm?fl[.^ 
mouth; dac komu w ^e, to slop 
a person's face. 

papier'^ paper; document, deed ; 
lis'owy •., note paper, post-paper; 
m. na mity, music-paper, .^nia^, 
paper -manufactory, paper-mill. 
•.OS'^ cigarette, •-dwka^, a kind 
of apples, •-owy" made of paper, 



papieski 

paper . . . ; pieniadze «>owe, paper- 
money. 

papiellzki '!' popish, papal ; ponti- 
fical. -ztWO V popery, papacy. 
•-^ ^7 pope, "wznik, vid. papista. 

papilot ^ hair-roller. 

papinllkarz ^, sweet-tooih. «>ko- 
waty f effeminate. 

papista "^ papist. [pappy. 

papklia ^^Cowsianajgruel. *.owaty" 

pa^la '^ <fe^, babbler, chatterbox. 
•-6 ^'^ to gabble, prattle, •nina ^, 
gabbling, prattling. 

paprollc ♦; ('bot.j fern, -rciany f 
fern . . . •-cina *", fernery. 

papryka^, capsicum. 

paprz^ca*i iron-cross. 

papuc '^ (kind of) slipper. 

papnllga *", romj parrot ; ("fig.J po- 
pinjay; gradac jak -» -•, to talk 
nonsense, •.zi, '^iy f parrot . . . ; 
parrot -green, •.zka ^, young 
parroto 

par "5 sultriness; (tytul) peer. 

para^, vapour, steam; breath. 

para ^, pair, brace, (o osohach) 
couple; -%. mj^osna^ couple of lovers; 
m, pistoletow, a brace of pistols; 
parp^ dni etc.f some days etc. 
<«ini, in pairs, by two and two. 

parabollja^, ^wa* J parabola; pa- 
rable. *iczny " parabolic(al). 

paradlla ^, display, state; fmilj 
parade, •.nosc ^, pompousness, 
pomposity, -.ny^ pompous, splen- 
did. *.owac , to make a show, 

paradoks ",' paradox. fparade. 

paradyz "; Cte.) upper-gallery. 

parafia ^, parish, diocese; i^figj 
province, «»lny^ parochial, pa- 
rishonal. *.niii ^ •'ilka ^, pa- 
rishoner; provincial, •-nski? pro- 
vincial,, countrified, -.nstwo ^ 
«»'nszczyzna fi countrified ways, 
provincialism. 

parafina^, paraffine. 

paragraf "^ paragraph. 

paralela^, parallel line. 

paralilltyczny ^ paralytic, palsied, 
•-tyk "; paralytic. -.& ^ palsy, 



parokrotny 173 

paralysis. •.4owac ^f to lame, 
paralyse. 

parapet " breast-work, parapet. 

parasol^ umbrella. *ik" para- 
sol, -ka^, gentleman's sun-shade. 

parawau "^ folding-green. 

parcelacya ^, parcellation. 

parch '" -ypl., CmedJ parch, scab ; 
fu zwierzatj mange. *aty f scab- 
bed, mangy. 

parciany " made of coarse linen. 

parcie " pressure; gripes jpl., colic. 

parcyalnllosc ^, partiality, --y f 
partial. 

pardon "^ pardon, quarter, •-o- 
wac ^ to pardon, give quarter. 

pardwa ^, Com.J white grouse, 
ptarmigan. 

pargamln ™ parchment, vellum. 
-'Owy ^ made of parchment, 
vellum . . . 

park ^ park, m.^ ^, pair, couple ; 
Cmit.J fatal sister. 

parkan ™ fence of planks. 

parkiet" inlaid-floor; ftej front- 
seats in the pit. 

parkollcic si§ ^V to kid. *.tT goa- 
tish smell, rank smell. 

parlamentT parliament, •.amy^ 
parliamentary, -.arski ? parla- 
mentarian's ; parliamentary, 

'•aryzm'^parliamentarism. •-arz'^ 
parliamentarian, officer who ne- 
gotiates a truce, --owac '*^? to 
parley. *.owy f of parliament. 

parmezanski , ser «*, Parmesan 

pamaski f Parnassian, [cheese. 

pamllo **? sultry; jest •.o, it is 
sultry weather, •.qsc ^i sultriness. 
**y ^ sultry. 

parobllczak'^ farmer's boy. -czy? 
of farmer's man. •^ek ^ farmer's 
man; ffig.J country-bumpkin. 

paroch ^ provost. 

paroch6d'^ (locomotive-) engine, 
steam carriage. [to parody. 

parodylla ^, parody, -owac '^'^ 

parollkonny ^ drawn by two 
horses, •-krotiiy f repeate<2- 
reiterated. 



174 paroksyzm 

paroksyzm T paroxysm, 
parol " watch- word. 

paroiistatek "^ steam-boat, stea- 
mer. «.wiec^ locomotive , steam- 
"hosit; <^wiec pocztowy , steam- 
packet; •.wiec koiowy, paddle- 
steamer. 

par6w '^ hollow way. 

parowallc ^?? to steam, fume; 
fcipciej to parry, keep off. •.nie 1 
evaporation, exhalation; perspi- 
ration. 

parskliac, -.nac ^^ ^o Jconiu etc J 
to snort; puff and blow; *•. 2e 
smiechu, to burst out laughing, 

parszywijiec "^ man infected with 
the itch. *iec^^ to be infected 
with the itch, •.osc ^, manginess, 
scabbiness. -.y ^ mangy, scabbed, 

part " pack-cloth. [scabby. 

parta'Icki ^ bungling, unskilful; 
zrobic CO po ■^-ckUr to huddle (up). 
•'Ctwo" huddling;bunglingwork. 
•'CZ "^ bungler, botcher; -.cz le- 
karski, medicaster. *czyc ^\^f 
to huddle, botch. 

parter "IJ ground-floor; ftej pit. 

partes '^ mowik jak z *6w, he 
speaks like a book. 

partylla ^, party, faction; {czfSdJ 
part; {'w ozenkuj match; game, 
(wistaj rubber, ••cya *", vid. par- 
tytura. -jny ^ factious, partial, 
•-kula ^, Cgram,} particle, -.ku- 
larnyf particular. *kularyzm'^ 
particularism, -.kularz "^ small 
town, -.tura ^, ^wiKz.^ partition. 

partyzanllcki ? partisan, •.t "? 
partisan, -vtka ^, guerilla war. 

parweniusz ';' upstart.- 

paryas "? (fig.) pariah. 

parzlla <i dog's meat, -.enie ^ 
scalding. *.-*, sle ^ (zwierzatj 
rut, pairing, -.yc ^f to scald; 
^o pokrzyxvit) sting, -.yc ''^f^ to 
couple, copulate, •-ysty f paired. 

parzydto 7 r&o/.; goat's beard. 

pas '^ girdle, belt; girth; ^ziemiV 
zone; stripe, streak 



pastka 

paflsac, --SC ^f' (hydloj to tend; 
feed, fatten, -%. * sie ^f to pasture, 
graze. «.sanie " pasturage. 

pasamlian, *.on '^ lace, galloon, 
-onnik "^ lace- maker. 

pasazer "^ passenger. 

pasc "^f to fall; *. na kolana, to 
fall upon one's knees. 

pascha ^, (^ij/rfjju; Passover; Easter. 

pasek '^ belt, girdle; sash. 

paser ™ concealer, receiver of 
stolen goods. 

pasibrzuch"^ glutton, gormandiser. 

pasiellcznik '^ hiver, bee-master, 
•-ka^, bee-garden. 

pasienie 7 pasture. 

pasierb ^ step-son. *.ica ^, step- 
daughter. 

paskulida "^ <fe 'i filthy man, filthy 
woman, •-dnica*', filthy woman. 
*dnik i; filthy man. ^dny ? 
nasty, filth)'. *dzic ^f to soil, 
dirt, •.dztwo " filth, filthiness, 
nastiness. 

pasmo " skein ; CfigJ series; ^gdr^ 
chain. 

pasnik "^ belt-maker. 

pasowac ^"f rwa rycerzaj to dub; 
fit, be fitting; /'u; kartackj pass. 
• sie ^r to wrestle, struggle. 

pasowy, vid. ponsowy. 

pasozyt '^ parasite, hanger-on. 
-^niczy, -ny ? sponging, para- 
sitical. 

pasta ^, paste. 

pastel "^ pastel-painting, painting 
in crayon, -a^, pastel, crayon; 
•-anii malowac, to paint in past«J. 
•-owy ?■ pastel ..., crayon ...; 
•>•. otowek, crayon-penciL 

pastellreczka <", young shepher- 
dess, '•rka ^, shepherdess ; pasto- 
ral poem; matins pL •rski ? 
shepherd's, pastoral, -.rstwo ' 
pastoral life; pastorship, •-rz 1 
shepherd ; pastor, minister. 

pasternak IJ (hotj parsnip. 

pastewllnik "^ common, pasture. 
-ny " for cattle, fodder .. 

pastka <1 (fox-)trap. 



pastor 

pastor 'V CproteatancTci) pastor, 

minister, -^at " crosier, 
pastullch " herdsman ; -».cll kruw, 

cow-herd; •.ch '^w'm, swine-herd. 

*szek'^ young herdsman, -szka *", 

herdswoiuan. <«>SZ7 f shepherd's. 
pastwiia *", prey, -vie si§ ^f ^o 

give vent to one's anger, •-isko " 

pasture, pasture-ground, 
pasylla*", passion; Passion; wrath, 

anger. *.onat '^ passionate man. 
paszlla^, fodder.provender. •.enie" 

pasture, pasturage, 
paszczlla, -fka *", jaws pZ., mouth, 
paszkwil '^ lampoon, pasquinade. 

•ant '" lampooner, pasquiller. 

•-OWy f pasquil. 

paszport "^ passport, -.owy ? 
hiuTo •«.owe, passport-office. 

pasztellcik "^ patty, little pie. 
<vt " pasty, pie ; m,tzmifsa, mince- 
pie. *.tiiik "^ pastry-cook. 

patelnia*, pan. 

patent"? patent, licence ; diploma, 
•owac ^^ to grant a patent, pa- 
tent, license. *.owanyf patented, 
•owy ^ patent. 

patetyczniiie'*?pathetically.*osc^, 
pathos, patheticalness. •.y f 

patnik ™ pilgrim. [pathetic. 

patoka*", virgin honey. 

patro!!chy pi., pluck, •.szyc ^? 
to embowel, eviscerate. 

patologl>*a <; pathology, -.icznyf 
pathological. [patroness. 

patron™ patron, protector, ••ka*', 

patryaxclia 'IJ patriarch. -Iny ? 
patriarchal. *.t " patriarchate. 

patrycynsz" patrician, ^owski^ 
patrician. 

patryolita IJ patriot. -,tka*i pa- 
triot woman, -.-tycznie "? pa- 
triotically, -^tyczny" patriotic, 
patriot. *tyzm '^ patriotism. 

patrzL'ec, --yc '^'^ (na coj to look 
at, behold; Ckogo, czegoj look for; 
(czegoj care for, take care of; 
^ ^ na kogo z gdnj, to look down 
upon a person ; ••no ! look here ! 
-.fig^w ^or«, to look up. 



pedantyzm 175 

patyllczek T small stick; ^do za» 
palaniaj match. -^kT small stick, 

patyna*", pater.. 

patynka*i slipper. 

pauperyzm "J pauperism. 

panzl'a*", pause, stop. *owac^ 
to pau'^e. 

paJlw' "; ("omj peacock. *wiatko 7 
pea-chick. -vwica*i<'orn.>' peahen. 
-^wi " peacock's. *.wic si§ ^T 
to strut about, -^.wik '^ young 
peacock; io, peacock butterfly. 
•'Wi6wkaVo'"wJpoacock-pigeon. 

pawian 'J Czo. ) baboon, •-owy ? 
baboon's; baboonish. 

pawilon '^ farch.J pavilion ; fmar.) 

paz i; page. [pavilion, flag. 

Pazdziernik '^ October. 

pazdzierze p^, awns pi. 

paznokiec ™ nail. 

pazucha^i (v- suknij bosom. 

paznr "^ nail, claw, paw, clutch. 

pchllac, '»'nac^" to thrust, push; 
(sztyletem etc.) to run , stick (a 
dagger etc.). -^ac sif ^T to crowd. 
*,ac si^ przez Hum, to force one's 
way through the crowd, ••ni^cie » 
shock, push; Cw fechtowaniuj stab, 
thrust, passado. 

pchljetka*", small flea; spring-tail. 
*ta/, nea. *lic ^^ to fill with 

p^C *, flap I smack 1 [fleas, flea. 

Pf Ca, Pid. ppciny. 

Pf Ch, vid. pack. 

Pfcherz '^ (anat.) biadder; (na 
skdrzej blister; •» moczowy, urine 
bladder, -yk '^ little bladder; 
vesicle, -^ykowaty " vesicular, 

peciny pi., jesses pi. [vesiculous. 

Pf czliek "J small bunch or bundle, 
•-niec ^f to swell. 

Pfd '^ course, run; graft, scion ;^ 
calym -vem, at full gallop. 

pedaffog '7 pedagogue. *ia,-.ika^, 

pedal ",' pedal. [pedagogj'. 

pedanllcki, vid. ^tyczny. *t 1? pe- 
dant, -terya*", pedantry, -^tycz- 
nie "-} pedantically, •tyczny f 
pedantic, pedantical. *tyzi^ ™ 
pedantism. 



176 pgdrak 

p^drak ^, grub of- a cockchafer; 
CfigJ pigmy. 

P§dzac, vid. pfdziS. 

Pf dz!!el "^ brush, pencil, •-elek "IJ 
small pencil. '«'lowac ^^ to paint 
coarsely, doub. 

pedzillc ^^^ to drive; (wddk^j 
distil ; fzyciej lead ; fkogo na licy- 
tacyij drive up; speed, hurry 
much. «.wiatr ^ vcindy fellow. 

pegaz '" (inyt.J Pegasus. 

pejez, --yk '^ horsewhip, riding- 
whip. 

pejsllaki pl.t whiskers pi. •.y j>l., 
curls (of the Polish jews). 

peizaz, vid. krajobraz. A^ysta ^ 
landscape-painter. 

pgk '^ bundle, bunch; packet, 
--aciec ^V' to become big-bellied, 
-'atosc^, bellied shape, -aty ? 
(big-)bellied 

p§ki!ac, --nac "^^ to burst, burst 
open, break up; ffig.J ••ac ze 
zlohi etc., to burst with anger . . . 

pekllieflajsz "^ -lowina \ salted 

peicie ^ weeding. [meat. 

peien, vid. peiny. 

peleryua^, pelerine, furcape. 

pelikan "^ (om.) pelican. 

pelnilla^, plenty, abundance ; full 
moon, •c ^'f to fulfil, accomplish ; 
••C 9voojt ohowiazki, to do one's 
dutyo •-enie ^ fulfilment, ac- 
complishment. 

petnllo ***^ plentifully, plenty of. 
'^oletui ^ of age, of full age. 
'^oletnosc ', majority, full age. 
'^omocnictwo ^ full - power, 
•omocnik'^ constituent, manda- 
tary , warranter ; plenipontiary. 
•-omocny^plenipontiary. •.OSC*', 
plenitude, fulness, •y? fullj filled. 

pelzlIaC) «»'iiac ^V" to creep, crawl ; 
Cfig.) to cringe, fawn, ••acz "^ 
creeper; Cfig. J cringer, toady. 
•'Iiad "^ to pass away; fade, 
lose" colour. [tes. 

penaty pi-, household-gods, Pena- 

pendent ™ sword-belt, 

penitencyarz " penitentiary. 



pertraktacya 

pens i; penny. 

pensylia *", pension, salary; fza' 
ktadj boarding-school, -^jka^, 
small salary, pension. *.on "^ 
boarding - school. -wonarka ^, 
••oiiarz ™ boarder, ^-onowac ^" 
to pension. 

penzel, vid. pedzet 

pepliek '^ navel, -.kowaty f 
navel-shaped. *.kowy " umbili- 
cal; sznurek *.-*, navel-string 
•-owina^i navel-string, •-ownicat 
("bot.J hydrocotyle. -^-uszek "^ 
small navel. [nary. 

pepiniera*i nursery; Cfig.J semi- 

pepsyna^, pepsine. 

peregrynacya ^, peregrination. 

perellika ^ small pearl. -.Inik "^ 
pearl-fisher. 

perfum'^ -•'a ^, pe fume, ••owac^? 
perfume. *.0Wllik ",' perfumer. 

pergamin, vid. pargo.min. *owy^ 
parchment , . ., of parchment. 

perka, vid. ziemniaki. 

perkai '^ percale. -.iczek ^ 
percaline. 

perilla^i pearl; (^/iflr.^ pearl, jewel 
-'lie si@ ^T to pearl. [fowl. 

perlilica, •'Czka ^, forn.J Guinea- 

perlllisty " adorned with pearls, 
-'iowiec'lj pearl-coloured butter- 
fly, •'iowy " pearly; pearl; 
•-Iowa kasza, pearl-barley ; -*lo- 
wa macica, mother of pearl. 

peron ^ fliers pi. 

perorlla ^, long speech ; severe lec- 
ture. •'Owac ^^? to make a 
speech; talk largely. 

perpendykut, vid. wdhadlo. 

perski " * prostek^ insecticide, 
insect- destroyer. 

persona! II "^ officers pi. *t 1? 
portly man. 

perspektywlla ^, perspective ; ^/ij/.; 
prospect. -*ai •'ka^, telescope, 
field-glass. 

perswalldowac ^f to persuade, 
induce,exhort. *.zya^, persuasion. 

pertraktacya ^, negotiation, trans- 
action. 



peruka 

pemka^i wig, periwig, -rczyk "^ 
\vigniaker's apprentice, -.rski" 
wigniaker's. -rz "^ wigmaker. 

peryod '^ period, -ycznie "? 
periodically, -ycznosc ^ j>eriodi- 
calness., •.yczny " periodic(al). 

perz ^ quickgrass, couchgrass. 
•-yc sif ^r to smoulder, burn 
faintly ; ffigj be irritated. *3ma ^, 
cinders j>i., embers jpl.; obrocic to 
'-yn^i to reduce to ashes, lay in 
ashes. 

pestilka ^, fUiwki eicj stone, kemeL 
•-kowy ^ kernelled. •»-* owoCf 
kernel-fruit; -•.owat^ti'^fca, noyau. 

pesymi'ilsta ^ pessimist, -stycz- 
ny " pessimistic(al). *zin "i 
pessimism. 

p^tapZ., ^/isr J fetters pZ., chains jpZ 
^C "f to shackle, fetter. 

petarda^» petard. [loop- 

petl.'elka, -lica'^, hanger, knot, 

petllent "^ petitioner, supplicant, 
—ycya^, petition, supplication. 

petocie pi-, , rash, cutaneous erup- 

petrolenm, vid. nafta. [tion. 

petytowy ? YtypJ wiersz *, line 
of brevier. 

pewliien, vid. pewny. -..nie *^} 
perhaps, probably; certainly, 
•-nik'^ a self-evident truth,axiom ; 
fie na *.nika, to insure success. 
-"IIO ^} certainly; na *no, most 
positively, •-nosc V certainly; 
surety ; mam «^ *,, it ... , I posi- 
tively know that . . , -*ny f cer- 
tain, positive; sure. 

pezel, vid. ppdzel. 

pfe *, fy ! shame ! 

piac ^f Co TcogucieJ to crow; (w 
poezyij to sing. 

piac si§ ""f to ascend , climb up ; 
ramp ; Cfig.J to strive to rise aloft. 

plana ^, froth, foam ; «> morska, 
meerschaum. 

pianie 'J crow. 

pianiiino *i cottage piano. *8ta'^ 
'•'Stka*; pianist. 

pianka^, meerschaum; foam. 

piardnac,, vid. pierdzic. 
Czfic poUko-angieUka. 



pigciomik 177 

piasllczysty, vid.piaszczyniy. •-ecz- 
niczka ♦", .sand-box. -ecznik "I 
fzoj sand-eel, grig, -^ek ", «and ; 
(dopo<iypywaniaj>i'imaJ to pounco ; 
•-ek do szorowania, scouring-sand. 
••karz 'V sandman, •-ki pi, sandy 
ground, sand-walk, •-kowiec ^ 
sand -stone, freestone, •.kowi- 
sko " -kownia *", sand-pit. •rko- 
wy f of sand, sand . . . 

piasta*", (kotaj nave, hub. 

piastllowac ^f (dzieckoj to . have 
in arms; nurse; *. •, t/rzad, to 
hold an office or a charge, 
•nn " Cfig.J protector, guardian. 
-'Unka*', children's nurse. 

piaszczystllosc ^, sandiness. -.yf 
sandy. [Friday. 

Piatek 'V Friday ; wielki •, Good 

piatllka^, five; (w grachj cinque, 
--kowy ^ of Friday. *y "f fifth; 
po *e, fifthly, in the fifth place. 

pillC^f to drink; fdokogo) drink 
u person's health, toast him; m.cm.i 
sip chce, I am thirsty, •-cie « 
drinking, drink; *.» wody, use 
of mineral waters. 

piec ^? to bake; fry, roast; fna 
rozniej broil; fo stoncuj burn. 
* sif ^r to be roasted ; be baked. 

piec ^ stove. 

pifC, num., five; ni lo >*. ni w dzie- 
wiec, that's neither fish nor flesh. 
•'Qziesiat, num., fifty, -•.y ^ 
fiftieth. " -vdziesieciolecie " the 
fiftieth jubi^e.-dziesiecioletni'^ 
of fifty years, fifty years old. 

piechllota <", infantry; -ota, na 
*ote, on foot, a foot, '^otny, 
•-ur''™ foot-soldier.- 

pieciollaktowy f in five acts, 
^-funtowy" weighing five pounds, 
•-kat "^ pentagon. -w*ny" pen- 
tagonal, ^ksiag ^ Pentateuch. 
•-letni f five years old, of five 
years, ••miarowy ? unersz « -.^ 
pentameter, -.raki ^ fivefoM, 
quintuple, •rrako "? fivefold ; of 
five different sorts, -^rmk^, (bot.J 
12 



(^ 



pigcioro 



five-finger. *ro " fo oaohach) five. 

-ptatkowy " quinquefoliated. 

«*torebkOwy " (hot.) quinqucl- 

ccul.ir. 
^i^Cllkroc"? five times, -.set, num., 

five hundred, •.•-ny? five hun- 
dredth, 
fiieciluch ™ lazy boots, slugjrard. 

••yk ",' small stove; »» m. do palenia 

kawy, coftec-roaster. 
piecza^, care, protection, 
pieczara *", (subterraneous) cavern, 

tlcu. [room, 

pieczarka *", champignon, nuish- 
^ieczliatka ^, seal, signet, -at- 

karz /^ seal-engraver, -w^c*", seal. 

-•etarz "T scaler; seal- engraver. 

•"Itov^ac ^'? to seal. 
pieczellnV roast (-meat). *.niarz™ 

spongei', parasite, lick-platter, 
pieczotowiltosc ^, care, solicitude. 

«.ty " careful. 
pieczl'ony" baked, roasted, -^yste'^ 

roast-iueat. -».ywo " pastry, bak- 
pif dz *", span. [ing; batcli. 

pieglli pi. freckiespf. *owaciec^",' 

to freckle.be marked with freckles. 

^-Owatosc *", freckledness, -n^o- 

waty ? freckled; freckle-faced, 
piegza*", fornj hedge-sparrow, 
piekali'rczyk ^, journeyman baker; 

baker's boy. -.rnia ^, bakery, 

baker-house. ~rski f baker's. 

•. •- cech, bakers' corporation. 

•rstwo " baker's trade, ••rz ^^ 

baker. 
piekliielnie "■^ diabolically, •.iel- 

ny " devilish, diabolical; -* *, 

kamUn, (med.J lunar caustic. m,\o\ 

hell, 
pifkllnidio ^ cosmetic. <*.nie <*^ 

beautifully, finely ; to jest wszystko 

•.^j that is all splendid, ^niec'^f 

to grow handsome, •-no " the 

beautifull. •.nosc ^ beauty,beauti- 

fulness; /^fcotfefa^ beauty, ••ny " 

beautiful, handsome; ptec «.na, 

fair sex. -.szyc ^^ to embellish. 

<*szydta pi-, cosmetics pl^ 
pielfgnowallc ^f to nurse, foster, 



pierdzie6 

to take care of; (roHiny) to culti- 
vate, -wnie" nursing, care, atten- 
dance; (ro.ilin) Cultivation. 

pielllacz "' wccder. -enie, vid. 
petcie. [homo. 

pielesz ^ hearth; dornoive -i-e, 

pielgrzym '^ pilgrim, -i, -ski , 
pilgrim's, of a pilgrim, -ka ^, 
pilgrimage; female pilgrim. *o- 
wac ^\^ to go on a pilgrimage. 
••Stwo" pilgrimage; emigrantspi., 
pilgrims j)L 

pielucba *", swathing-cloth. 

pien 1 trunk; stalk, blade; jy • 
wycinc, to put to the sword. 

pieniallc si? "f to carry on a 
law-suit, plead, litigate. *.cki" 
litigious, -.ctwo "J litigousness, 
contentiousness, •-cz '^ litigious 
man. 

j)ienia||dz ^ piece of money, coin, 
•-dze pi. , money; drobne -^dze, 
change, small coin. *.zek'^ small 
piece of money. 

pieniiiC sif ^r to foam, spume; 
f'o niniej to sparkle, -^sty ^ 
foamy, frothy. [song. 

pienie " (koguta) crow ; (w poezyij 

pienick '^ small block, trunk; 
^pjora^ quill; stump; m.z^ha, tooth- 
root; miec z him na pienku, to 
have fi crow to pluck with a person. 

pienifznily ? moneyed, pecuniary; 
kara ».a, mulct, fine. 

pieprz ^ pepper ; #* ?« ziarnachf 
round-pepper; Cfig.Jgdzie *. ro^nie, 
a thousand miles off. ^-niczka^i 
pepper-box. -nik '^ pepper- 
mushroom. <*.nosc *i pepperiness. 
•"Hy" peppered, peppery, -ojad ^ 
Corn. J pepper -bird. —owy ^ 
pepper . . . •.yc "^^ to pepper. 
'•'yea *", ("hot J cress, -kowatosc ^, 
pepperiness. -^kowaty ? peppery. 

pierac, vid. prac. 

pierildota, -dziel "J (vulg.) farten 
-doiypi., foolish things, absur- 
dities; gadac *. •- , to talk non- 
sense, •.dolic ^^ to talk non- 
sense, -dziec ^r (vulg J to fart. 



piernat 

piemat " upper-bed , cover of a 
bed. 

piernik '^ gingerbread, -rarz ^, 
gingerbread - maker, -•owy " 
gingerbread . . . 

pierlls ', '^si pi' 1 breast, bosom, 
chest; fu ptakdwj brisket; dad 
dziecku -si, to give suck to a 
child, to suckle; do <*>Bikogoprzy- 
citnacy to press a person to one's 
bosom. *.siowy f breast . . . ; 
choroba '«'Siowa> complaint in the 
lungs. 

pierscil'en, -onek'; ring; CwiosdwJ 
ringlet *enisty"ringled. -.enio- 
wy, -'Onkowy " ring ...; palec 
•.*., ring-finger, fourth -finger, 
^-ennice pi., ring-worms pi. 

pierw, -^ej "? first, at first m, 
nim, before. 

pierwiastljek "^ element; Cn^atJ 
root. -*k0W0 ^ originally, pri- 
mitively, •'kowosc*', piimitive- 
ness. •.kowy ^ original, primi- 
tive, [rose, cow-slip. 

pierwiosiillek'7 •'ka*", fbotjprim- 

pierwollcinyiJi., bastings p^., first 
fruits, •rodny " first-born, 
eldest; primitive; grzech •.*, 
original sin. "^rodztwo " ••rod- 
nOSC *", primogeniture, birthright. 
>^tllOSC ^» priaiitiveness. •-tny " 
original, primitive; •-tni miesz- 
Tcaitcy , aborigines pi. *wz6r *^ 
original, first copy; protoplast. 

pierwszllenstwo " --osc *i first 
place, precedence; superiority, 
•-orz.dny^ first-rate. *y^ first. 

pierzasty f^ feathered. 

pierzchilac, '•-nac ^" to flee, run 
away. '►anie,''-'ni§cie ^ flight, 
escape, •.liwdsc *", timidity, ti- 
morousness, shyness, -•liwy " 
timid, shy. 

pierzile ^ feathers pi. , plumage, 
-yc ^^ to feather. -,yc 8i§ "V 
to moult, mew. -*yn? *", upper-bed. 

pierzga*", hive-dross. 

pies ™ dog; •. domowy, house- 



pijaczka 179 

dog; mffnysliivy, hound, harrijr; 
m, owczarski, shepherd's dog. 

pif Sllc ^, fist ; przyszlo do •ci , it 
came do blows; zacisnac ^^cit to 
clench one's fist. 

piescillc ""* to caress , fondle. 
-•c 8i§ ^r to affect, •detko, -^dto^ 
fosoba i rztczj love. 

piescliwy, vid. pUszczotliwy. 

plesek "y little dog; puppy. 

pieslln^, song, air; -n wojenna. 
military song; •.n weselna, hy- 
meneal, wedding-song. *.niarz™ 
lyrical poet, -.nik ^ psalm-book, 
•-niowy ^ song . . . 

pieszczllenie" fondling, caresses pi. 
••ony" fondling. «*ocll'^*'OClia^, 
pet-child, darling. 

pieszczotlla ^, caress, fondling; 
darling. '^'J pi., sweet things, 

Z caresses. *.ka ^, sweet -heart. 
-'liwosc ^, delicateness, delicacy, 
tenderness, -liwy ^ tender, deli- 
cate. 

pieszliek 1J fw szachachj pawn. 
-.0 "? on foot, afoot, --yf foot..., 
pedestrian ; foot . . . ; zolnierz *.y, 
foot-soldier, ^y ^ pedestrian, 

pi^ta*", heel. [walken 

piftnar ™ (arch.) corbel. 

pi§tnallscie, ••stn, •scioro, num., 
fifteen, -.stoletni " of fifteen 
years, fifteen years old. •.sty^ 
fifteenth; po -wste, fifteenthly. 

piftno ^ mark, token; stamp; 
stigma. «wac "^ to brand ; (fig.) 
stigmatize. 

pietrasznik ^ (hot.) hemlock. 

pif tllro " story, floor, --rzyc sif '"'^ 
to rise up, tower. 

pietmszka^i (botj parsley. 

pietyzm "^ pietism- 

piewca "J poet. 

pigmel, -czyk "1? pygmy, dwarf. 

pigment '^ colouring matter, pig- 

pignika*", pill. [ment. 

piprwila \ quince, -owyf quince ... 

pijallc, vid. pic. -^cki ^ drinking. 
^czka *", -^k ^, drinker, drunkard. 
12* 



180 



pijaczjna 



pismidto 



-^CZyna "IJ dram-drinker. -*n- 
stwol drunkenness, immoderate 
drinking, ••ny" drunken, drunk, 
tipsy; po -•^nemu, in a state of 
drunkenness, -rtyka*", drinking- 

pijar "^ Piarist, [bout. 

pijawka ^, leech; przystawic pi- 
jawki, to apply leeches. 

pik*^ fwkartach) spades j?J. •-a*', 
pike, lance; (materya) quilting. 

pikllac, *n%C *^f to sting; coi go 
--lieio, he had a presentiment of 
something disagreeable, --ieta ^, 
(mil.) picket, outpost; (graj 
piquet, -inier "^ pike-man. 

piknik ^, picnic; urzadzic *, to 
get up a picnic. 

pikowllac "^^ to stitch, quilt ; Cjig.) 
taunt, chaff. *.any ? quilted. 

piiiia*', saw; saw-mill; (rybajs&vf- 
fish. *.larz "i sawyer. 

pilamia** tennis-court. 

pilastr "i; (arch J pilaster. 

piika*", ball; hand -saw; grac w 
pUkf., to play at tennis. 

pilic ^^ to urge. 

pilnie ^^ diligently, assiduously. 

pilnik '^ (narz^dziej file. -»arz '^ 
file-cutter, 

pilnlio "? pressing]/, urgently ; 
speedily; jest mi -^o, I am in a 
hurry, -osc ^, diligence, assidu- 
ity. '•'OWaC^f (choregoj to nurse, 
tend; (kogo, czegoj superintend, 
guard; ^czegro^ apply oneself to ...; 
nie *. •. czegOf to neglect a thing. 
■•OWanie " finteresdw etc.) care 
of . . . -y ^ industrious, diligent, 
assiduous. 

pilowac ^^ to saw; file. 

pilsliii*", felt, -niany, -.niowyf 
made of felt ;/:a|?eiu«-,«,, felt-hat. 
*iiiarz '^ felter. -.nic ^^ to felt. 

piotun ™ wormwood, •k'bwka *", 
absinthe, -.owy ^ made with 
wormwood, wormwood ... 

pion ™ folowiankaj plummet; 
(chir.) probe; fw szachachj pawn. 
*ek " (w szachachj pawn. -*o- 
wftc '"? to level with the plum- 



met. '^OWO <*? vertically, per- 
pendicularly. •-OWOSC ^, verti- 
calnessrperpendicularity. •-owy'? 
perpendicular, vertical 

pionier "^ pioneer. 

pi(3r||ko 1 (do pisaniaj pen, quill; 
feather; lekki jak *.«., light as a 
feather, very light. *-nik "^ pen- 
case. -.0 " feather; pen, style; 
fu iwidra) bit; (u kluczaj ward. 
'•'Opusz'^ plume of feathers, crest. 

pioriin "^ thunder-blast, thunder- 
clap; lightning; *.ein, jafc •», as 
quick as thought; -^em razony, 
struck by lightning. -ek '" 
thunder-bolt, -.ochron '^ light- 
ning rod. -.owac^^ to huff and 
puff, curse, ••owy^ thunder... 
-owe stoma, terrifying words. 
«*lljacy " fulminatory. 

pioslienka.-^nka *", ditty .little song, 
-ennik, vid. pitsnik. 

Piotr, vid. uappdzac. 

piramida ^, pyramid. -,lny ? 
pyramidal. 

pir|!6g '^ fkuch. } dumpling. m.tg '? 
-Oga*", pirogue, 

pirotechnika ^, pirotechnics pi. 

piruet ",' pirouette, 

piryt "^ (min.) pyrite. 

pisallc ^'f to write, -c sie "^f to 
be written; fczemj to be known 
as; fnaj to acquiesce in, to agree 
to ; fw lisciej pisz^ sie. . . ., I am . . . 
•^-nie ^ writing; writ, scripture. 
*.nka ^, coloured Easter - egg. 
*rek, '*'rczyk '^ clerk , copyist; 
Grub-street writer, •-rka \ au- 
thoress; inkstand, —rski " wri- 
ting..., clerk's; writers'; znak 
•.»., sign of punctuation. 

pisllarz "i writer, author, -^emko ? 
small publication, pamphlet; 
Fuiall periodical. 

pisk "^ puling, whistling, -l^ 7 
chickling, -^-liwosc *"» shrillness. 
*'liwy " CgtosJ grating, shrill. 

piskorz "^ loach. [driver. 

pismak '^ petty author; quill- 

pismidlo " scrawl, scribbling. 



pismiennictwo 

pismiennliictwo ^ literature, •i- 
czy ^ literary. «i.ie <*? in writ- 
ting, by letter, •y f writing . . ; 
written; having a knowledge of 
writing; literary. 

pisllmo ^ writ ; writing; periodical ; 
^m.swipte, Holy Scripture; na 
piamie,iQ writing. •ownia*i or- 
thography. 

pisu^c ^^ to squeak, pule ; ffigj 
nie *, not to open one's mouth, 
not to stir. 

pistacya *", pistacio-tree. 

pistol '^ fmonttaj pistole. 

pistolet™ pistol, -.owyf pistol ... 

pisywac ^^ to write from time 
to time, vid.pisac; pisuja do siebie, 
they correspond with each other. 

piszczliaika ^, fife, whistle ; fhotj 
water-hemlock; fwovganachj, 
organ-pipe. *.ec^? to pule, chirp, 
squeak, peep. *ek ™ fifer, piper. 
•el^, organ-pipe; fanatj thigh, 
shank. *.elowy ^ of thigh. 

pitny ^ drinkable, potable. 

pinska*", calotte. 

piwko 'J good bear. 

piwnillca^, cellar; cave, •-czka^, 
small cellar, •rce pl-t basement 
story, -.czy " butler . . . 

piwny ^ beer ..i Co oczachj yel- 
lowish-brown. 

piwo ^ beer; daS na •, to give* a 
pourboire or tip; * duheltowe, 
strong beer; *» marcowe, March- 
beer. -,sz '^ drinker of beer, 
(zartolliwitj ale-knight. 

piwonia*i (hot.J peonyc 

piwowar ™ brewer. *nia^, bre- 
wery, •-ski f brewer's, brewing ... 
•stwo "J brewer's trade. 

piwsko \ bad beer. 

pizmo "J musk, -.wac ^f to musk, 
•-wiec '^ (zo.) musk, musk-deer, 
•wy ^ musky. 

plac '^ place ;' ground ; otrzymac *, 
tokee^ the field, gain the day; 
m litwyTy battle-field; «, pod hu- 



ptaskonosy 181 

dowft building -plot; komtndant 
•U, town-major; *. musztry, drill- 
ground ; parade-ground. 

ptaclla ^, wages pi. ; salary, pay. 
-eaie 7 payment, •-ic ^?, to 
pay; reward; (fig. J he worthj 
fetch a high price. 

placek ™ cake; upa4c pladciemf 
to fall along. 

plachta^, cloth, covering, tilt 

placka*", fly-flap. [picket. 

plac6wka *", outguard, outpost, 

piacz '^ weeping, crying; teara pi. 
•.ek '^ weeper, •-ka*", weeping- 
woman. 

piaczllliwosc ^, inclinableness to 
weeping, -vliwy f whining, cry- 
ing, lamentable. 

pladrowac "^^ to plunder, pillage. 

plaga*", stroke, blow; plague. 

plagjat'^ plagiarism, •or™ pla- 
giarist, plagiary. 

plakac ^^ to weep, cry, lament. 

plakat ^ placard. 

ptaksa '^ tfe ^, weeper. 

plamlia, •ka*', spot, stain; ffig.J 
blemish. *ic '^'^ to spot, stain; 
CfigJ blemish, •risty " spotted, 
stained, speckled; spotting, •o- 
waty f spotted, full of spots. 

plan " plan, plot; (arch.) plan. 

planetlla^, planet; lieg «».y, orbit 
of a planet, -amy, •owy * 
planetary, of a planet. 

planimetrya \ planimetry. 

plantjlacya *", plantation; orna- 
mental grounds, -^ator™ planter^ 
settler, -owac ^f to level, pla- 
nish. >^ypl , ornamental grounds. 

plasl'ac ^^ to skip, hop; dance, 
-o-awica^, fmed.J St. Vitus' dance. 
*y i'^-j gambols j?i., capers jjZ., 
dance. 

plasllk 7 clap. *k ! ^, dash ! splash ! 
•'kac, «'nac ^ to strike, give a 
blow, -..nac ""? to fall along. 

piask "^ hd *, flatly. 
•-i f flat, level; (fig. J insipid. 
•-0 «? flatly; (fig. J shallowly. 
•onogi^ splay-footed, -onosy ** 



182 piaskorze2ba 

flat-nosed, ^orzezba*", bas-relief. 
-OSC *", flatness, flat ; (fig.) shal- 
lowness, dulnass, •'0wzg6rze 'I 
table-land. 

plaster '^ plaster; fmioduj comb. 
-'ek ™ round slice ; *.ek angielski, 
court-plaster. 

plastyllcznie <*? plastically. *.cz- 
nosc ^, plasticity. *,czny" plastic, 
•^-ka^, plastic art. 

plasy, vid. plasac. 

plaszcz "J cloak, (damski) mantle; 
A. z futrem, furred cloak. *.a ^, 
frybaj plaice. «»enie si§ "J ser- 
vility, fawning, -owy ^ cloak ..., 
cloaking... *.yc^?^ to flat, flatten. 
* - 8i§ ^T to flatten ; Cfig.J cringe, 
fawn, -.^yk "7 mantelet, little 
cloak; ^/?^.^ pretext, •-ysty ? 
(krajj flat, •.yzna^, plain, level 
ground, plane. 

ptat '^ flap, patch, duster; rag, 
clut. *-ac ^'^ to split, cleave; 
figle. m, m. to play tricks. 

platallc"^? to entangle, -c si§ ""f 
to entangle oneself, get involved. 
•'ILilia^, complication, intricacy. 

piatliek '^ small patch; (kwiatu) 
petal, lobe; ^^njegrw^ flake. -»ko- 
wyf ragged; (hot.) lobate. -^nac^? 
to give a sabre-cut. 

platforma *", platform ; terrace. 

platljka *i wpas6 w ^kg , to be 
beasted, lose the game, •-nik ^ 
pay-master, -►nosc*", payment; 
solvency; termin -nosci, time of 
payment, -ny " payable, to be 
paid; able to pay, solvent; sala- 

platnerz '^ armourer. [ried. 

platoniczny " Platonic. 

platyna*", platina. 

ptaw ™ przebijc frzekp) tv **. ^ to 
swim through (a river), -..ic ^^ 
(konie) to water; fdrzewoj float; 
^fcruwce^ smelt, •^ienie" watering; 
floating ; fusion. *ki pi, swim- 
ming-bladder, life-belt. *.ny " 
navigable. «.y pi. , testaceous 
animals. 

ptaz '^ reptile; flat (of a sabre); 



plochos6 

puicic •.em, to pass (overj. •-o- 



wac 



to strike with the flat 



of a sabre. 

ptciowy f sexual. 

pleballn "^ parson, curate, -nia ^, 
parsonage; parson's house, -n- 
ski ? parson's. [plebeian. 

plebemsz ",' plebeian, -.owski ? 

plec , to weed. 

piec^ sex; complexion; m.pifkna, 
fair sex; female sex. [work. 

plecionka ^, knot -work, wicker- 

pleciucll ',' chatterbox. 

ple'ilcy 2^^, back; (fig. J support; 
obrocic sif do kogo -».cailli, to turn 
one's back upon a person, •-czy- 
sty " broad-shouldred. -.czny ? 
humeral. 

plemiljg " race, kind; ludzkie *.§, 
mankind, the human race. <«e]l- 
ny " racial ; procreative. 

plenamlly" --e posiedzenie, plenary 
meeting. 

plenipoteni'cya , vid. peinomoc 

nictwo. *t, vid. pelnomocnik, 

plenlinosc^, fertility, fruitful ness. 
*'n3r " fertile, fruitful. 

plesc '^^ to twist ; (wtosy) to plait ; 
(fig.J^ to chatter, prattle. 

pleslln^, mould, must, •.niec ""V" 
to get mouldy, to mould. 

plesznik "^ (hot.) flea-bane. 

pletliwIiOSC ^, talkativeness, loqua- 
city, -y f talkative, babbling. 

pletnia*^ twisted whip. 

pletwila *", fin ; -wa ogouowa, fin of 
the tail. -*isty ^ finned, -ono- 
gi ^ web-fooded. •-onogi pi , 
palmipeds. [weeder. 

plewiallrka *", female weeder. -rz'^,' 

plewilkowaty f chaffy, -.y pl.^ 
chaff. 

plichta^, cabin (of the stern). 



plik 



•a^, bundle, file. 



pUszka^, (orn.J wag-tail. 

ptocha*; sley. 

plochllliwosc \ shyness, timidity, 
•-liwy " shy, timid. «.o <*? 
shyly; frivolously. -*0SC*", shy- 
ness; unsteadiness, fickleness, 



plochy 

frivolity, -.y ^ shy; unsteady, 
fickle, frivolous. 

■plochowlec "^ rosebay, oleander. 

pl6cien||ko ^ calico, print. «nic- 
two^ linen- weaver's trade, •.nik^ 
lineu-weaver. •-ny ^ linen. 

pt6d 'J produce, product; (med.J 
foetus. 

plolldnosc ', productiveness ; 
(ziemij fertility, -rdny " pro- 
creative; fertile, •-dozmian '^ 
rotation oi crops, •-dzenie ^ 
generation, breeding, •dzic ^f 
to generate, beget; produce, pro- 
duct, -.dziciel '^ progenitor. 

pl6kailc^f to rinse, wash ; m,Q8ohie 
gardto, to gargle, -nie 1 rinsing ; 
gargarism, gargle. *nka^. gar- 
garism. 

l)lomblia ', CznakJ leads pi. ; CzphaJ 
plug, -.owac "^f to seal with 
lead, lead; (z^hyj to plug. *.o- 
wanie ^ leading; (z^low) plug- 



plytko 



183 






piomielln "^ flame; ^/?gr.; fire. 

•nic 6i§ T •'iiiec ^^ to flame, 

blaze. *ni8ty, -.nny f flamy. 

-'iiiowy ^ of flames. 
ptomyk " flamelet. [booty, 

plon^ "; yield, crop ; (fig.) fruit ; 
plolln, ^-nia ^, hole cut in the ice. 
plon%c ^? to be all in flame; 

(fig.) to be consumed by ... 
plondrowac. vid. pladrowa6. 
ptonllic sif , to blush, colour. 

-•ka Ji crab -stock, wild tree. 

«.I10SC ^, barrenness, sterility; 

(fig.) uselessness. -^ny ^ barren, 

sterile; (fig.) useless, vain, 
plonowac , Co zbozuj to shock, 
pioszyc '"^ to scare (away), 
plot ^y hedge, fence; zywy •, 

quickset hedge. 
plotka ^, babbling story, gossip. 

-^rka ', prating gossip , babbler. 

•^rstwo " babble, gossip, -rz "^ 

prattler, gossiper. 
ptotka*i bleak. 

pl6taio ^ linen ; picture, painting 
plowlliec^? to lose colour, fade; 



<'ozl>o£u^ to ripen, ^o '^f fadedly. 
*OSC ^, fallow colour, -.y ^ yel- 
lowish-brown, fallow, tawny. 

ploza^, runner (of the sledge). 

plullc, -nac, vid. piwai. *cie, 

vid. plwanie. 

phiclla pl.t lungs; chory na •.a, 
phtisical. •-nik "^ (hot. J lung- 
wort. -*.ny f pulmonary, pul- 
monic. 

plncha^, Cvulg.J slut, slattern. 

plndry i?l., trunks, wide breeches. 

plug , plough; (fig J yoke, hard 
work. *owy ^ plough . . . 

plugallwic , to soil, dirty, 
-stwo ^ nastiness, filthiness; 
dirt, vermin. *.wy ^ nasty, filthyo 

plukac etc., vid. ptdkac etc 

plusk *, flop! plump! 

plusljk"^ down pour; splashing; 
fish tail. -kaCj-n^c ^" to splash, 
dabble, paddle, i-nac ^" • •» to 
wodp, to flop into!" the water, 
•-kota ^ivery bad weather. 

pluskiiiewka^, small bug; draw- 
ing-pin. -*wa^, (bot.J bug. 

plusz i; plush. *owy f plush, 
shuggy. 

pluszczec ^V to pour, stream. 

pluton '^ (mil. J file, platoon, 
-••owy f *' •- ogieAf platoon firing. 

piniyc ^^ to prosper, thrive. 

plwallc ^? to spit, spawl. -CZ 7 
spitter. -wnie 'J spitting. 

plwocina^, spittle, spawl, saliva. 

piycina^, panel (of a door). 

piyn "y fluid, liquor. *ac ^ to 
flow; swim; sail; (o czasiej pass 
(away); krew <»ie mu z nosa, he 
bleeds at the nose, -wienie 'J 
flowing; sailing. 

ptynn'iie "? fluently ; easily ; m6' 
wic •rie, to speak fluently, •-osc *i 
fluidity; (fig.J fluency; (gram.) 
liquidity, -.y f fluid, liquid; 
(fig.) fluent. 

plyt "; -^a^, plate, slap. 

ptytkili f shallow, flat; (fig.) 
superficial, feebleminded, insipid. 
*0<*p6halIowy,llatly;8uperficially, 



184 piytko^6 

M.0'8C^ shallowness ; ^/i^ J insipi- 
dity. 

ptjTwallc ^ to swim ; float, ••cki ? 
swimming . . . «.cz "^ swimmer ; 
('figj braggart. -»czka ^, female 
swimmer ; ('fam.J swimming. «»k *? 
swimmer. -.nie ^ swimming; 
szJcota «>ula, swimming-school. 

pne, ^1 od jsioJ. 

pneumatyllczny ? pneumatic. 
«^ka^, pneumatics. 

pnillak "^ trunk, stock, stem. 
*»OWy ?■ trunk ..., stock ... 

po ^^ (^ 3. przypadkiem zaimka 
lub przymiotnikaj after the fashion 
of; according to; (ubranyj ~ 
angielsku, . . . after the English 
fashion; (wszystko idziej ^ jego 
woli, according to' his will ; /'z 4. 
przypj up to ; fsiedziec we wodziej 
m, azyjp, ... up to the nock; fz 7. 
przypjm; through; after; over. 
chodzic m> koiciotachf to visit the 
churches; jezdzic •. kraju, to 
travel through the country; juz 
»f lekcyi, the lesson is over. Ten 
przyimek tg.czac sip ze siowami: 
1) zamienia siowa niedokonane na 
dokonane n. p.: dzi^kowac, po- 
dzifkowac, to thank; 2J rozszerza 
czynnoic siowa na wszystkie osoby 
lub prztdmioty pewnem miejscem 
objpte n. p. ginac, to perish; 
jfogineli , they all perished ; 
3 J rozciaga czynnosc siowa na cata 
przestrzen n. p. iielic scianp^ to 
whiten the wall; pobielic scianf, 
to whiten the whole wall. 

pobaiamucic ""^ to craze (the 
brain); entangle. 

pobawic '"V' to stay, abide, m, 
si§ ^r to divert oneself for a 

pobiala*", glaze, varnish, [while. 

pobillC ^?^ fnieprzyjacielaj to beat, 
defeat; murder (all); to scourge; 
^fceczfc^^tohoop. «*csi§^rtocome 
to blows, •cie " fnieprzyjacielaj 
conquest; (beczkij hooping, -r*. 
£i§ \ scuffle. 



pobrzezny 



dobielldz, *giiac ^V" to run upon, 

hasten to. ^inoso ^, agility; 

superficialness. *.4ny ^ slight, 

superficial; quick, agile, 
pobielllacz^ whitewasher; tinner. 

^anie " tinning, •►any f glazed^ 

tinned, •-ec ^^ to grow pale. 

•-ic, ••ac "^^f to whiten.-* <-cyn«, 

to tin. 

pobierac ""^ to receive (salary), 
pobijac ""f fdachdwkamij to tile; 

fbeczkej hoop, 
pobiaazllenie ^ aberance, strajc 

-'ic ^? to lose one's way, stray, 
pobladllly f pale, •nac ^ to 

turn pale, 
pobtazllac ^^ (komu) to show in- 
dulgence to, connive at. -.ajacy ? 

indulgent, forbearing. «'anie * 

indulgence, forbearance, 
poblillzki ? near ; -^i'^^w -»^u near 

(at hand). A-zkosc ^« nearness, 

proximity, 
pobtogostawic "^f to bless, to 

give the benediction, 
poboczny? collateral; adjoining; 

(jur.) illegitimate, natural, 
pobojowisko " battle-field, 
poblldr^ tax; Cpodatkow) \&\yin%\ 

CwojskaJ levy, draft, ^orca "^ 

tax-gatherer. •'Orowy ? tax..,, 

of taxes. 
poboznilis ^ religionist, pietist. 

-^-osc ^» piety, devotion, •y ^ 

pious, religious, 
pobrac """ to seize, take away (all). 

*»' sie ^ to marry, 
pobratllac si§ "T to fraternise. 

•-any f fraternised, •ymczy ? 

cognate, affinitive, related, -•y-' 

miec '^ fraterniser. '•ymstwo » 

fraternity, affinity, 
pobrudzic ^?^ to soil, dirty, 
pobryzgac ""^ (woda) to sprinkle 

over; (biotemj splasli. 
pobrzfkiwac T to chink, jingle 

(now and then). 
pobrzez||§ 1 coast, shore, littoral, 

•XW ? littoral. 



pabudka 

pcbadllka ', impulse, motive, in- 
centive; /'i7u7.> reveille, -vliwosc', 
excitability, -.liwy ? excitable. 

pobttdowaC ^" to built, erect 
« si^ ^r to build a house for 
oneself. 

pobudzflenie ^ excitement, •ic, 
•►ac ^^ to insist, impel, actuate, 
•ic ^f to wake (all). 

pobujac ^V" to flutter, rove about. 

poburzyc, vid. podburzyd. 

pobyilc ^^ to abide, stay, -t ™ 
abode, stay, sojourn. 

pocalllowac^?^ to kiss, '^owaiue'7 
kissing; kiss; da6 -.-*., to kiss. 
'•'Unek " kiss. 

pochlebllca.-nik.-nis'; flatterer, 
adulator, •-iac, *'ic ^f to flatter. 
•-^ Bohie^ to flatter oneself; to 
imagine, fancy, -nica, •-nisia *", 
flatterer, female flatterer, -^nie'^f 
flatteringly ; to jest dUt mnie « *, 
that flatters me. -,ny " flattering, 
adulatory. -stwo 7 flattery, 
adulation. 

pochlonac '"^ to swallow up, de- 
vour, consume. 

pochlubic sie ^? fcztmj to boast 
of, glory in." 

poclmnimllO "-} ^O na niebie, the 
sky clouds over. *.0SC ^, cloudi- 
ness, ^y ^ cloudy, clouded. 

poch6d "I march, procession. 

pochodnia^i torch. 

pocholjdny" derived. -dzenie'J 
extraction, descent; (gram J deri- 
vation, •'dzic ^^ to descend ; 
(o wyrazachj to be derived; fw 
Bukni etc.) to wear for a time. 
— dzisto etc. vid. pochyto. 

pocLop '^ inducement, motive, 
occassion; mind, disposition; 
dad'*., to induce,occasion. *nosc *i 
readiness, willingness; CfigJ in- 
clination, -vny" ready, willing; 
inclined. 

pochorowac si§ ^f to fall ill. 

pochowac ^? to hide , conceal ; 
bury, inter. * si^^f to abscond, 
hide oneself. 



pocieszycielka 18l> 

pochwa ', sheath, ftzablij scab- 
bard ; (macicyj vagina ; schowac 
do pochvn/, to put up (one'saword). 

pochwaljla U praise , commenda- 
tion, •-lac, •lie ^* to praise, 
approve, •.lie 8i§ T (cztmj ti> 
boaat of. *liiy ? commendatory ; 
mowa itelna, panegiryc; pitin 
•Inat hymn. 

poehwyjicenie ^ seizure, •cic, 
•"tac . to seize, lay hold of. 
«>tny ? seizable ; dia uszu m.m,,^ 
audible. 

pochyba ', htz pochyhy, doubtless, 
infallibly. 

pochy lilac, •ic "^^ to bow, bend. 
«* -> 8i§ , to bow ; slope, incline, 
•enie 1 bending; declivity, •.onjr^ 
bent. 

pochyllio **? slope, slopingly. 
•iosc ^\ declivity, slope, incli- 
nation, -iy f sloping, slope. 

pociac ^" to cut to pieces, cut up. 

pociag " draught ; (pioraj stroke ; 
attraction ; Inclination, aflfection ; 
jednym *iem, at a stretch ; (kolejo- 
wyj train ; •. osobowy, passenger- 
train. -.aCj-nac^?'? to draw, pull; 
(fig J attract; 7 fig J to be a con- 
sequence of; fo wojskuj to march 
(off) ; (fig.) drag on one's existence. 
--ajacy ? attractive, interesting- 
-•iosc ^^ oblongness. --iy '^ ob- 
long, oval, -owy " draught . . . 

pocic 8i§ ^r to perspire. 

pocichu <^} softly, in a low voice. 

pociecha*', consolation, comfort; 
pleasure, delight. 

pocifg^iel ™ shoemaker's stirrup, 

pociemku "-^ in the dark. 

pocierac '"? to rub. 

pocieszilac, --yc ^^^ to console, 
comfort; rejoice. • •- sif ^X to 
consol oneself, take comfort. 
*ajaey?^ consolable, comfortable ; 
pleasing, delightful. *eilie " 
consolation. «U08C ^, delight- 
fulness, jocoseness. ••ny " de- 
lightful, amusing, •ryciel ^7 -y- 
Cielka^. consoler, comforter. 



186 



pocisk 



pocipk " cast, throw; javelin, 
pL-ojcctile, missile. *owy " mis- 
pOCO <*p for what. [sile. 

poczallc ^? to begin, commence; 
prepare; (o kohictachj conceive; 
CO mam --c? what am I to do? 
*tek " beginning, commence- 
ment, •-tki pi; rudiments pi ; 
z •-tku, at first, in the beginning. 
-.tkowac "^^ to begin ; to initiate, 
-tkowanie^initiative. -tkowo"^^ 
at first, in the beginning, •.tko- 
wy" initial, incipient, ^tkujacy'^ 
novice, tyro, beginner. J"* f 
beginning, initiative, 
poczciwiiiec '^ good fellow, honest 
man. -.osc ^, honesty, probity. 
*,y f honest, honorable, upright. 
pocz^cie'J beginning; (okolietachj 

conception. 
poczekallc ^^ to stop, wait for a 

while, -.luia*", waiting-room, 
poczem ^^ wherupon, on what, 
poczemillc ^^ to black, blacken, 
-ec '^V' to become black, blacken, 
poczerwienilic ^^ to redden. 
-,ec ^^ to blush, colour, 
poczesne, \ drink -money, pour- 

boire, tip. 
pocz^stllowac ^? to offer, present ; 
treat, entertain, -.tinek '^ gift. 
poczet"^ train, attendance ; num- 
ber, rank. 
pocztjla ^, (urzad) piOst-oflice; (w6z) 
mail-coach, stage-coach; •-a 
jechac, to ride in the post, -arek ",' 
postillion, postboy. «.arz^ letter- 
carrier, postman. ^ •.mlstrz ™ 
postmaster, -^arski ?^ post . . . , 
postillion's. «*owy ?" post..., 
mail ...; »> "^ golqJj^ carrier- 
pigeon. «*ylioil, vjd. pocztarek. 
poczubic si^^r to come to blows. 
poczulic, -^wac ^f to feel; per- 
ceive, become aware of. •- * 8i§ ^f 
to be sensible of one's own 
strength. » •« sif do winy, to feel 
guilty. •'Cie " perception, sensa- 
tion ; •- «• ohowiazku, sense of duty. 
•wanie si? ^ perceiving, feeling. 



podagryk 

poczwarlla ^, monster, prodigal. 

•-ny ^ monstrous, monster-like. 
poczwarka ^, nymph, chrysalis j 

larve. 
poczwilarte «f fourthly, in the 

fourth place. '-6my ? fourfold, 

quadruple, 
poczynallc "^f^ '•c sohie, to behave. 

-6 sie ^r to begin, '^jacy " 

beginning, beginner. 
poczynic ^"f to do, cause, m, kroki 

potrzehne, to take necessary steps. 

poczytllac, --jrwac ^? fkogo zaj 
to take a person for , . . , con- 
sider a person (as) . . . ; (kogo 
mipdzyj reckon a person among ... 
*> m, komu za zhrodnip etc., to im- 
pute to a person as a crime etc. 
•'elnosc*', accountability. *elny^ 
of sane mind, accountable. 

pod ^^ Cczem i co) under; to- 
wards ; at ; lezy «. stoltm, he lies 
undBr the table ; poldz ksiazkp •» 
stoi, put the book under the table; 
m, panow'aniem . . . , in the reigu ; 
hitwa •. Lipskiem, the battle of 
Leipzic. - wiecz6r, towards (the) 
evening. Przyimek ten, taczac sif 
ze slowamif 1) osialia czynnosc 
slovja n. p. pic, to drink; pod- 
piS sohie, to get a littie drunk. 

2) nadaje czynhoici stowa cechp 
skrytosci n.p. siuchaS, to listen; 
podstuchiwa6, to observe secretely. 

3) oznacza kierunek czynnoM siowa 
z dolu to gorf n. p. rzucic, to 
throw; podrzucid, to throw up. 

podallc '"f to reach, hand; Cpro' 
jekt etc. J give, offer; (potomnoici) 
hand down. »»t na stdt, to serve 
up. •'C Tfkp, to give one's hand, 
shake hands with, •-nie "I Co co) 
petition; tradition, ^-niowy f 
traditional. 

podagr^ia *", (mtd.) podagra, gout 
(in the fefet). -.yczny ^ gouty? 
^o oso&ie^ podagric. •^yk'Tpoda* 
gral man. 



podarek 



podarliek, -nnek " gift, present. 
•'Owac ^f (komu CO) 'to present 
a person with, make a present 
of . . . 

podarty? ragged; torn; worn out. 

podatllek'7 (od towardwj impost; 

(natozonyj imposition. ** do- 
chodowy, income-tax. -*kowy V 
of taxes, tax ... •.kujacy ^con- 
tributory. 

podatny f proper, fit. 

podawajlc, vid. podac. <*C 2 rak do 
rak, to laand about, --nie " hand- 
ing over; exposinp;. 

podaz ^, offer, bidding. 

podbiat ^ Cbot.J colt's foot. 

podbechtac '"^ to rouse, instigate. 

podbllic, -ijac ^" Cpod swoja moc) 
to subdue ; beat up; (na luytacyi) 
outbid' (aurdutetc.jWn^; (strca) 
captivate, win. •.icie" subjection, 
subduement; (podszexcka) lining. 
->ijacz, -.6jca " conqueror. *oj- 
CZV ? conquering. 

podbieljdz, *gac, -gnac ^^ to 
run up to, approach running. 

podbiegunowy f arctic, polar. 

podbierac, vid. podebrac. 

podbitllka *i (odzitniaj lining. 
«.y ^ conquered; lined. 

podb6j "^ conquest. 

podlibr6dek '^ chin; double-chin, 
•vbrzezniak " (lot.) birch-agaric. 
--brzusze " abdomen. *brzusz- 
ny " abdominal. 

podbudowallc ^? to underbuild, 
-^nie " groundvrork, substructure. 

podbudzl.'ac, -'ic ^^ to incite, 
rouse. 

podburziiac, --yc ^^ to stir up, 
to excite, •-yciel "I firebrand, 
instigator. 

podchlebiac, vid. pochlehiac. 

podchmieliiic^? -»' ^ aolie, to get a 
little tipsy. • -•.ony " tipsy, ele- 
vated. 

podchodzic, vid. podfjsc. 

podchorazy '^ ensign. 

podchwyllcic, -tywac^? to catch 
(or endeavour to catch) a person 



podejscie 187 

by his own words; surprise, 
•tliwy ^ captious, awkward. 

podchylllac, *ic ^^ to bend; gird 
up, tuck up. [CczegoJ clip. 

podcillac. *nac^*? to cut, incise; 

podciagllac, *nac ^^ to bring 
under, range, class (among). 

podcies^, f arch. J raising-piece. 

podcigty ^ cut, incised; ffig.J 
elevated, tipsy. [whilst. 

podczas'^^^; during; *gdy, while, 

podczaszy "^ cup-bearer. 

podczesac ^f to comb upwards. 

podczos "^ cabbage-sprout. 

poddaiic, 'vwac "^ to surrender, 
submit; (mysl) to suggu •"*» 
sif ^r to submit, resj<;n oneself; 
(smutkowi) give oneself up. ^nie 
(si§) 1 surrender; (fig.) submis- 
sion, resignation, •••nka*', female 
subject, ^iistwo^ ^abjection; 
(fig.) submission;' peasants pi. 
-nyf subject; /^/?c^ J obsequious, 
-^ny " subject. 

poddasze^ garret (floor); hovel. 
*k ^t penthouse, eaves pi. 

poddostatkiem, vid. podottatkiem. 

poddziat "I i^ubdivision. 

pode, vid. pod. 

podebrac ^'^ to take out, snatch 
away ; (midd) take away (part 
of the honey); fbrzegij under- 
wash. 

podejmowalic^f to take up; ftni- 
di/; undergo; fgoscij to welcome, 
entertain, treat, -c sif ^f^^ego; 
to take upon oneself, undertake. 
•'Iiie^ reception, entertainment. 

podejrzllany " suspected, -ec, 
••ewac ^" to loG<k from below; 
(kogoj suspect. »enie " suspec- 
tion; suspicion; xu zhu dzic m,m,^Xo 
excite suspicion. *-liw0SC ^, sus- 
piciousness. *liwy " suspicious, 
Buspectful. 

podejrzon '^ (bot.) osniund. 
podejsliC '^"" to advance, draw 
near; fkogoj to circumvent, out- 
wit, dupe. *cie " dupery, imposi- 
tion, stratagem. 



188 podemkna6 sig 

podemknac sif ^ to draw near 

stealthily. 

podeprzec ^f to lean upoD, prop. 
* si§ ^r to lean 

podeptac ^^ to tread under feet> 
trample upon. 

poderwac ^" to rake under; (o 
wodziej to underwash. ^ sig ^f ^^ 
strain oneself by lifting. 

poderzii%c ^^ to cut off; *» sobie 
gardio, to cut one's throat. 

podesiac, vid. podscielac. 

podeszty f aged, Cw lata) ad- 
vanced in years, old. 

podeszwa ^, sole of a shoe; sole 
of the foot. [in among. 

podetknac ^? to put under, put 

podetrzec '"f to wipe off. 

podgardle "J double-chin; dew-lap. 

podgamllac, -'iac^f to scrape to- 
gether; (wlosyj to comb upwards. 
*.ac pod swoja wiadzp, to subdue. 

podgillac, *nac ^f to gird up, 
tuck up. [secretly. 

podgladac '"f to peep, observe 

podgolic ^? CfigJ to lead a per- 
son by the nose. 

podgdrze ^ country situated at 
the foot of mountains. 

podj%C, vid. podejmowac. 

podjadek ™ CzoJ mole-cricket. 

podjazd '^ scouting-party; gate- 
way, -.owy f wojna *owa, 
guerilla war. 

podjellchac, •'Zdzac^^ to approach 
on horseback or driving. 

podjecie'J (goidj entertainment; 
taking up. -. •» si§ "? undertaking, 
taking charge of. 

podjesc sobie ^f to appease one's 
stomach. 

podjezdek "; nag, pony. 

podkadzllac, -.ic ^" to fumigate, 
smoke; ^^.7 J flatter. [lor. 

podkanclerz, •-y ™ vice-chancel- 

podkarmillac, -^c^f to feed, fatten 
a little. [gird up. 

podkasac ^? rsukni$j to' tuck up, 



podle^6 

podkiad^ substratum, base. '«ac, 
vid. podtozyd. ^-ka *", support, 
supporter; ^do ywa/aa^ blotting- 
pad, [mount 

podklellic, -jac '^^ (mapf) to 

podkolauek '^ knee-hollow, has- 
sock, [nate, inferior. 

podkomendny ^ (mii.j subordi- 

podkomollrzanka^, chamberlain's 
daughter. *rzy "^ chamberlain, 
-'rzvc'^ chamberlain's son. -^rzy^ 
nas chamberlain's lady. 

podkoniuszy "^ Deputy-Master of 
the Horse. 

podkop"^ sap, mine; hole, ditch, 
-^ac, ^jrwac ^" to undermine, 
sap. --anie ^ undermining. -*ca, 
'^nik "^ miner, sapper. 

podkoszulelL "^ under-shirt. 

podkowa^, horse-shoe. *.Cj vid^ 

podkuc. 

podkrasc si§ ^X to approach 
clandestinely, creep upon. 

podkreslllac, •'ic^" to underline. 

podkulic ^f (koniaj to shoe, •-cie " 
horse-shoeing. 

podkup "^ wienie ^ outbidding. 
•-ic, -"Owac^" to outbid; bribe 
(secretly). [meal. 

podkurek "^ cock-crowing; light 

podkurzilac, •'yc^" to fumigate. 

podlac ^^ to water ; ^ieczen^ baste. 

podlalisie'J country near the wood* 
.•szczka^, C^ot.J hairy violet. 

podtazic, vid. podlezc. 

podle ^^ near, by. [basely. 

podle **? near at hand ; abjectly, 

podllleciec, -»aty wac '^V' to fly up. 

podlegllac ^? to be subdued, suc- 
cumb; to nie <wa watpliwosci, 
there is no doubt of it. '»'losc ^, 
subjection, submission, -^iy f 
subject, subjected. 

podlejszy " comp. od podty: 

podlekarz /^ surgeon's assistant. 

podlepillac, ^c ^" to stick under, 
glue under. 

podlesniczy '^ under-forester. 

podlezc ^7 to creep under, crcev 
upon. 



podlewa 

podlewa ^, sauce, •.c, vid. podlac. 
podlizywac ^f fo wodziej to 

underwash. *. sif ^f (komiij to 

link the spittle of a person. 
podHIo <*p abjectly •osc *", abject- 

ness,meannes. ^.y ^ abject, mean ; 

bad, poor, 
podioga^, floor; deck. •. taflowa, 

inlaid floor. 

podlotek"; fledgeling ;^/i^J board- 
ing-school-miss. 
podioz'lenie " substitution, •.yc"? 

to put under, lay under; shove 

under; ( testament) to forge; 

fogienj to make. 
podiug ^^ according to. •. mego 

zdania, in my opinion. 
podtugowalltosc ^, oblongness. 

-ty, podiuzny " oblong. 
P0a.majstrzy, vid. podmistrzek. 
podmalljowac^" to ground, ^bw- 

ka*^ ground-colour. 
podm'Iawiac. -►dwic '^^ to stir up. 
podmiejski , suburban. 
podmiot '", changeling; ("gram. J 

suDJect. -vOWOSC*", subjectivity. 

-owy " subjective, 
podmistrzek '!J fciesielski lub mu- 

larskij foreman, 
podmorski f submarine, 
podmuch " blast, puflf; (fig, J 

suggestion. 
podmulic ^^ to fill with mud. 
podmurowallc ^^ to underwall. 

*nie " foundation-wall, 
podmus'kiwac, -nac ^^ to turn 

up, stroke up. 
podmyilc, -wac ^^ to underwash, 

wash away, 
podmykac sie, vid.^odtmknac sif. 
podniebi ienie " palate; vault, 

vaulting, -•ieniowy *f palatal, 

of the palate, -ny " being in 

the open air. 
podniecllac, ••ic, to blow into 

a flame; ffiQJ kindle, inflame; 

spur. *.enie " kindling; (fig J 

incitation, inflammation, 
podnieiisc ^? to take up, lift; 

(gtosj to raise. * * oczy, to lift up 



podpasi 



189 



one's eyes, -^sc sif ^ to heave, 
rise, --sienie " lifting; raising; 
elevation (of the host). 

podnieta*", tinder; (fig.) impulse. 

podnllioslosc^.sublimity.^iosty"? 
sublime, -^osic, vid. podnieU. 

podn62e " base, foot-board ; fgdry) 
foot, -k " foot-stool 

podobac si^^r Ckomuj to please; 
to mi sie podoba, I am pleased 
with it, I like it; «. sobie w czem, 
to please oneself in. 

podobiiienstwo " resemblance, 
likeness; allegory, parable. -. • 
do praicdy, likelihood, probabili- 
ty, -^izna^, facsimile, likeness, 
--nie "? alike, like, just as. -no «^? 
it is likely, perhaps; probably, 
•^-ny ^ resembling, similar, like. 
nie -^na, it is impossible. *.ny 
'^'JiegXi szuka, birds, of a feather 
flock together; -ny do prawdy, 
likely, probable. 

podoccian '^ fchemj acetate. 

podochocic sobie ^^ to get tipsy. 

podoficer '" .non-commissioned 

podogonie " crupper. [officer. 

podoiac ^" (komuj to be a match 
for a person ; fczemuj be equal to. 

podotek '^ lower part (of the fe- 
male garment). 

podorilac ^'? (mierzwpj to plough 
in. -ka f. newploughed field. 

podostatkiem "P sufllciently, in 
abundance. 

pod6wczas "? then, at that time. 

podpa!!dac, '*sc ^\'' (karze) to in- 
cur; ». <•, pod zmysly, to strike the 
senses; to nie -*.da walpliwotci, 
there is no doubt about it. 

podpal't " tinder; firebrand, 
•lac, •lie ^'^ to make fire ; set 
lire to. •Ienie " kindling; ar- 
son, incendiarism, •lacz ^ in- 
cendiary, *.i:ka^, fire-stick. 

podparty ^'"'- od podeprze6. 

podpallsac, -id ^f to fatten b 
little. [loins with ... 

podpasac 8i§ ^V to gird one's 

podpasCt vid. podpadac. 



190 podpatrywa6 

podpatllrywac , -^rzec ^? to ob- 
serve secretly. fg^'rd fast. 

podpillac, '*'nac ^? to buckle fast, 

podpillc sobie ^ to gej, (a little) 
tipsy, -ty ^ elevated, tipsy. 

podpierac, vid. podeprzec. 

podpiersien ^ breast-plate. 

podpis ^ signature; fna li4ciej 
address. ^aCj-^ywac ^" to sign. 
* * siO ^r to sign one's name, 
••any , signed ; nizej - -•, under- 
signed. *anie " signing, sub- 
scription, signature. 

podpiwek '^ small beer. 

podpiomyk "^ flat cake. 

podpiyiiuac, -wac^" to approach 
swimming or sailing ; to fiow near. 

podpomllagac, <3dz ^f^,^ fkomu w 
cztmj to help a person to, lend 
a person a hand with ... 

podpilora ^, prop ; (fig J support. 
-*6rka ^, stay, prep ; (u skrzypcowj 
bridge. |nant. 

podporncznik "^ second-lieute- 

podpowiliadac, -^edziec ^? to 
whisper to; suggest. 

podprowadzic ^^ to conduct to 
(a certain place). [nel. 

podputkownik "^ lieutenant-colo- 

podpuszczka^, rennet, runnet. 

podrabiac, vid. podrohic, 

podrapac ^f to scratch, scrape; 
to wound by scratching. 

podrastac ^? to grow up. 

podraznic ^" to irritate. 

podreczile ^ (krzesla) arm ; Tia *Ti, 
at hand, ••nik ^ manual, com- 
pendium; «».nik szkolnyj school- 
book, •.ny ^ pocket . . ., manual. 

podrobic , to crumble, crumb. 

podrllobic, •abiac ^^ to counter- 
feit, falsify. *r6bki pi., haslet. 

pOdrOlISC, vid. podrastac, •-sty ? 
grown-up. '«'Stek ^ (osobaj half- 
ling. 

podr6wiiikowl!y ? equatorial, tro- 
pical, •.e kraje, tropics pi. 

5>odr6z \ (na ladziej journey ; fna 
morzu) voyage; odbyc *., to go 
?n a journey , (na morzu) maRe 



pod8kuba6 

a voyage. -,ne ^ travelling* 
expenses. «»nik "J traveller, pas* 
senger; (hot J chicory, •-ny '^ 
passenger, traveller. *.ny f tra- 



velling 



'Owac , to travel, 



journey, -wowanie ^ travelling. 

podrozHec'^? to grow dear. *-eiiie7 
enhHncemeIlt^of the price), -yc^? 
to enhance, raise the price of. 

podmzgotac^" to dash to pieces, 
cras<h. 

podrwic "^f? (z kogoj to bantei 
a person. m> giowa, to make a 
blunder. [to hop, skip. 

podryg "!? hop. -ac, -»iwac ^^ 

podrywac, vid. poderwac. [rend. 

podrzec ^f to tear to pieces, to 

podrzf dljnosc *i subordination, in- 
feriority. -,ny " subordinate, in- 
ferior, secondary. 

podrzemac, vid. podrzymac. 

podrzezniac ^^ to ape, imitate. 

podrzullcac, •cic^? to throw up^ 
(dzieckoj to. shove under, to foist, 
-^tek '^ changeling. 

podrzymac ^V' to take a (little) nap. 

podrzynac, vid. poderznacf 

podsadny ^ defendant.' 

podsadzii'ac, mc '^^ to put under, 
set under; help a person to mount. 

podsaletl'zan '^ (chem.J nitrate. 

podscilletac """ to strew under, 
lay under, -v^lka*", litter. 

podllsekretarz "^ -. • atanu^ Under- 
Secretary of State. 

podsilladac, -asc, -^esc ^? to 
supplant, displace. 

podsiarczan "^ (cJiem.J sulphate, 

podsiebitka ^, lining (with planks). 

podsiniaiy'^ livid, blade and blue. 

podskarbi "^ treasurer, -anka <i 
treasurer's daughter, -^c "^ trea- 
surer's son. •-ina^, treasurer's wife 

podskarbstwo " treasurership. 

podskiioczyc, -akiwac^" to start 
up (suddenly), •.ok "^ leap, jump 
(upwards), starting. 

podsk6rny " subcutaneous. 

podskubac ^^ to pluck (off): 
ffig.J plunder, fleece. 



podslucha^ 



podsluchllac, -iwac ^f to over- 
lie.ir, listen to. •iwacz" listener, 
hearUcner. 

podsJupie " pedestal. 

podsobny f - kon, saddie-horso. 

podspodni ^ inferior, lower. 

podst^pic ^f to approach^ draw 
near. [of a farm. 

postarosci " steward, manager 

podstarzlaly " elderly, oldish, 
-^ec si§ ^]' to grow old, age. 

podstawi.'a \ foundation, base; 
(mat. J base-line, •-ek "^ •ka ^, 
saucer; bridge (of a violin); prop, 
••iac, -^ic ^^ to place under; 
supplant, substitute, •ic komu 
nogp, to trip a person up, supplant 
a person. 

podstep '^ approaching; (fig J 
trick,- btratagem. i-ca '" tricker, 
deceiver, •.nose*", insidiousness, 
cunning, -ny f insidious, sly, 
cunning. ->.owac, vid. podstapic. 

podstoli '^ substitute of the grand 
master of a king's household. 

podstrzyildz, <vgac'^? to cut or 
clip a little. 

podsulinac, ^-wac ^" to put under 
(neath);''^m7/.97> suggest. 

podsycl'ac, --ic ^" to sate a little; 
(fig. J to maintain, feed. 

podsypllac, -ywac ^" to pour; 
(paneivkej to provide with pri- 
ming-powder, •rka *", priming- 
powder; (arch.) fillitig-up. 

podszczujiwac, ••c '^'^i' to instigate, 
abet. -^waczT instigator, abetter. 

podszepljnac, •'tywac '^^ to whis- 
per; (fig. J to suggest, -nienie, 
-"tywanie " whispering; (fig.j 
suggestion. -*t '^ suggestion. 

podszj'ewka ♦", lining; dac -ewk? 
pod surdtit, to line a coat. «*yc, 
•ywac^^to line; (biity J to galoche. 
••ywac sie ^r (pod kogoj to insi- 
nuate oneself with . . . -.ycie " 
lining; soling. 

podtykac, vid. podetkna6. 

poduczyc ^^ (kogo czegoj to in- 

^ struct a person in the rudiments 



podwyzszyc 191 

of . . . •. 8i§ ^r to learn supper- 
ficially. 

podnfaly, vid. poufaly. 

podumac ^^ to muse, reflect upon 
(for a while). 

podupalldac, --sc ^? to decay, (na 
zdroiviu) to decline (in health), 
^dly " in straitened circum- 
stances, [another. 

podusic ^" to choko one after 

poduszczliac, •.ye '^^ to instigate, 
stir up. *-acz ™ instigator. 
•-anie ^ stirring up, instigation. 

poduszka*", pillow, cushion. 

podwaiac, vid. podwoid. 

podwallt "^ •le " fausse-braye, 
false bray. [groundsill. 

podwalina *", base, substractum; 

podwaz; ac, -yc ^f to lever. 

podweselic ^V^ to cheer, gladden. 
-• sif ^r to rejoice; get tipsy 
(a little). 

podwiL'azac, --ezywac ^? to bind 
up, to underhind. ••azka ^, garter. 

podwieczorek '^ afternoon's lun- 
cheon. 

podwielisc, vid. podprowadzic. 
•zc '^"^ to conduct driving to a 
certain place. 

podwilljac , -'iiac ^" (suknipj to 
tuck up. "[altern, inferior. 

podwiadny ? subordinate, sub- 

podwodila *", conveyance:^ convey- 
ance required (in war etc.) •.ny ? 
of conveyance; submarine, water... 

podwiloic ^" to double, ^oje pi.^ 
folding-door, •.ojenie " doubling, 
duplication, •.bjnie "? doubly, 
twice. *r6jnoSC*idoubleness;/'/i^.^ 
falseness. *6jny" twofold, double; 
ambiguous, •ojne drzwi, double- 
door; folding-door. 

podworzli'e " (back) court -yard, 
•-owy " of court-yard ; pies « •, 
house-dog. [tion.' 

podwoz '? conveyance, importa* 

podwyz|ika*",(^i?odaf^dt^;additlona]^ 
duty. 

podwyzjiszac, -szyc'^'? to heigh* 
ten, raise, elevate; f'cene; enhance 



192 podwyzszenie 

-SZenie 'J elevation ; (ctnyj en- 
hancement, advance; (placy)in- 
crease; —*. krzyza, Holy Rood- 
day, [hearth-raoney. 

podymHie^ peasant cottage. «*.iie" 

podzamcze ^ castle-yard. 

podzegaiic ^f to stir up, incite, 
instigate. -».cz "^ abetter, (fig.) 
fire-t>rand. 

podzelowac '"? to sole. 

podzillac ^f to put somewhere, 
leave. •. •. si§, to be somewhere ; 
to get shelter. 

podziai "^ partition , division ; 
(krajuj dismemberment, ^-ka *", 
scale. 

podzieklla^, thanks pL -^owac'"^ 
to thank, to return thanks. -*o- 
wanie ^ thanks j?!., thanksgiving; 
expression of thanks. 

podzielllac ^? to share, partake, 
"•ic ^?^ to divide, part. >^ m. sie ^f 
(cztm) to- partake of, share with, 
•-nosc^, divisibility. *.ny " di- 
visible. 

podziemllie \ subterraneous, ca- 
vern; basement- story, •.ny ? 
subterraneous, subterranean. 

podziewac, vid. podziac. 

podzisdzien <*p now-a-days. 

podziurawillc ^^ to perforate, 
-von^ " full of holes, perforated. 

podziw "^ «vienie 1 admiration, 
•-iac ""f to admire. 

podzwi&n%c ^" to give a lift, 
help up. [torial. 

podzwrotnikowy ? tropical, equa- 

podzyty " oldish, [small poem. 

poema 'J «.t "^ poem. *cik " 

poetlia ^ poet, -^ka ^, poetess, 
-^-ycki, «*yczny •? poetical, poetic. 
-^ycko <*^ poetically, -^ycznosc ^, 
poetical character, ^yka ^, poetics, 
'^yzowac ^? to poetise. 

poezya *", poetry ; poesy. [feit. 

pofalszowac^" to falsify, counter- 

pofatygowac si§ "^f to take pains ; 
(do kogoj to come to see a person. 

pofolgowac ^? (komu) to yield, 
to comply with. 



pogorszenie 

pogadailc^'" to converse, confer, 
^-nka*", cosy chat. 

pogania!!c ^'^ drive on. <*.cz "^ 
driver, drover. 

pogai'nin'^-.nka*", heathen, pagan, 
-nski" heathenish, pagan, -^ii- 
Stwo " paganism, heathenism. 

pogarida ^, disdain, contempt, 
dliwosc *", despicableness, con- 
temptibility. -dllwy f despi- 
cable, contemptible. •-dzac, 
*.dzic "'^*^^ to despise, scorn- 

pogarszac, vid. pogorszyc. 

pogasllic ^f to put out. -,nac ^T" 
to go out. 

pogatunkowac''^" to sort, classify. 

pogiac ^'^!' to crook, curve. 

poginac ^f to perish, die. 

poglad ^ survey, review; view, 
-ac "f to look at, glance, view. 
^Owy ^ nauka •'OWa, object- 
teaching, [cajoling, 

pogiaskac ^f to caress, stroke 



pogiebillac, -^c 



to deepen. 



*'enie ^ deepening. 

pogtoska^, report, rumoui*. 

pogi6wii||e " poll-tax. •►y f po- 
datek -..y, poll-tax ; spis •.y, capi- 
tation. 

pogiupie!!c '"'? to become stupid. 
~li, they all became stupid. 

pogmatwac '"f to entangle. 

pognac ""f to drive on. 

pognebillc '^f ffigJ to oppress, 
•-eilie "J oppression. 

pognic ^''^ to rot, putrify. ^ 

pogniesc ^? to crush, bruise^ 
squash. [fall out with. 

pogniewac sie ""^ (na kogoj to 

pogodlla^, weather ; fine weather, 
-^ny ? Co niebicj fair; serene, 
joyous. 

pogodzllenie^ pacification, recon- 
ciliation, -.ic "^^ to reconcile. 
~ •» si§ ^r C^ ^i^J to get recon- 
ciled to. Mciel " reconciler, 
mediator. 

pogon*', pursuit; pursuers pi, 

pogorszllenie "S deterioration. 



pogorszyfi 

«*yc ^'^ to make worse. ••*' 
Slf ^T to get worse. 

pogorzllaiy ? ruined by fire. 
«.8C '^ to bum down; to lose 
one's property by fire, •el ^, 
fire, conflagration, -elec'^ per- 
son ruined by fire, -elisko 'J 
place where there has bean a fire. 

pogotowiu «^ na «*, ready at 
hand. 

pograc ^ to play for a while, 

pogranicziiB " border -country, 
boundary-line, -ny ^ adjacent, 
contiguous; frontier. 

pograzliac,«-yc''"to plunge; CoJcr^tJ 
sink, precipitate, m. m, si^'^V CfigJ 
to be absorbed in . . . •-enie, 
o"*' 8i§ "I (fig-J absorption. 

pogrobowlliec'^ posthumous child, 

• orphan. i«.y f posthumous. 

pogrom'^ defeat, overthrow, •-ca'^ 
subduer, vanquisher. *»ic ""^.to 
subdue, vanquish. 

pogrllozic '^V' to menace, threaten. 
•■6zka*", menace, threat. 

pogmcliotac^'* to smash to pieces, 

pogryzc^" to bite to pieces, gnaw. 

pegrzob "^ burial, funeral, •ac ^" 
to bury, inter, •.acz "^ •aczka ^, 
poker, paddle, -ny, ^owy " 
funeral. 

pogubic ^? to lose many (things). 

pogwatcllenie.'; forcing, violation, 
-ic ^" to force, do violence to. 

pohamowallc'^^ to retain, restrain, 
^'llie " restraint. 

pohanbiljc '^'^ to aflfront, insult, 
•enie " insult, injury. 

pohaniec '^ infidel, unbeliever. 

pohulajlc '^V' to amuse oneself 
(for some time). *^iika ^» amuse- 
ment, diversion. , 

poj%C^^ to conceive, comprehend. 
•. za zonp, to marry. 

pojaw™ appearance; phenomenon, 
-iac si§, --ic si§ ^r to appear, 
come forth. *'enie si§7 appea- 
rance. 

pojazd '^ coach, carriage, 
pole *^'" CO sive to drink ; (lydtoj 
Czfic polsko-angicUlca. 



pokalafi^ 193 

to water; inebriate. - si§*T<^AW 

to addict oneself to. [drive to. 

pojechac ^^,^ to go to, ride to, 

poj^cie " apprehension, (power of) 

comprehension; idea, notion. 

poiodnllac ^^ to reconcile. • •» 



'^f ^2 kimj to get reconciled 
•-alny ? reconcl'. able, pro- 
pitiable, placable, •^anie 



81§ 

to. 



re- 



concilement, reconciliation, •-aw- 
ca '» reconciler, mediator. *aw- 
CZOSO^, pacific disposition, pea- 
ceableness. ^-awczy f reconci- 
liatory, propitiatory. 

poiedynczilosc <; simplicity, -.y f 
simple, single. 

pojedyallek "^ duel; wyzwaS na 
-».ek, to challenge. ~ka^, one- 
barrelled musket, -.karz'y duellist, 
•'kowac 8i§ '"T to duel, fight a 
duel, -.kowanie, '^•' sig ^ dueL 

pojftllnosc <i perceptive faculty, 
perceptiveness. *ny** quick of 
apprehension. *.y *' conceived, 
understood. 

poigrac ^^ to joke, dally (for a 
while). 

pojmallc ""f to seize, take prisoner. 
~nie "J seizure, detention. 

pojmowallc, vid. pojac. -nie ' 
apprehension, comprehension. 

poinformowalic '"^ to inform, 
•nie ^ information. 

p6j8ltc ^ to go; leave, go off; 
Cza kimJ follow; fna coj be em- 
ployed in; fo kobittach) za ..., 
to marry; pdjdi tu! come here! 
m,Q za rriaz, to marry; zkadposzio, 
ze . . ., how was it that ..., how 
did it happen that . . . •cie " 
going; przed '^ciem spac, before 
bed-time. *vcie za mgz, marry- 
ing, marriage. 

pojubileuszowy f (taking place) 
after the jubilee. 

pojntrze «? & f the day after to 
morrow, •jszy" being the day 
after to morrow. 

pokad «^ as long as; till when? 

pokalac ^? to soil, to dirty. 
13 



194 pokaleczye 

pokaleczyc^f to wound, mutilate. 

pokarm'J nourishment, aliment; 
mother's milk, ••owy ? kanai 
m,^, oesophagus. ' [biting. 

pokasac ^f to wound stinging or 

pokaszliwac ■"? to cough slightly. 

pokatny ?^ clandestine, hedge ... 

pokailz "5 •'Zanie 7 show, produ- 
cing ; na -*z , for show. M^zaC) 
--zywac '"J' to show, to lot see ; 
prove, demonstrate, m. « sif , 
to exhibit oneself; appear, come 
out; •.zuje sip, 2c ... it is evident 
that ... -znie **? showily; not 
badly. •.ziiosc^,8howines8. •-zny? 
showish, showy. 

p6ki ^} as long as, till. * iycia, 
as long as I (he etc.) live, all 
my life time. [with scars. 

poMereszowac ^f to scar, mark 

poklalld '7 layer, stratum ; (okreiuj 
deck; na -•-dzie, aboard, -dac^f 
lay; (drzewem etc.) to inlay, in- 
crust; (konia etc. J geld. *.-*«; 
Mm zaufaniCf to put confidence 
in a person, ^.danie 7 gelding, 
-dny " chleh •«*-, show -bread, 
•sc*? to lay many (things) on . . . 

poklask ™ applause. 

poklecic ""f to huddle up, bungle. 

poklil6c, --lie ^^ to wound by 
piercing, pierce. 

pokl6cic '^f to disunite, set at 
variance. «. si§ "T f^ ^*"*^ to 
fall out with ... 

poklon ^ bow, (mark of) reve- 
rence; homage; bid ^y, to fall 
prostrate, prostrate oneself, '^ic 
si§ ^r (komuj to bow to; give 
one's compliments to. 

pokiosie 7 gleaning. 

pokocic sif ^r (^ owcach etc.) to 
bring forth. 

pokochac '"^ to become fond of, 
conceive an afifection for. -^sie'T 
(w kimj to fall in love with. 

poklldj "7 room, chamber, apart- 
ment; peace; tranquillity; daj 
r:i •.6J, let me alone! *».6j gos- 
dnnj/f guest-chamber, spare- 



pokrywa 

room; ».6J hawialny, drawing 
room; >*>()} jadalny, dining-room 
•-oik ^7 little-room. 

pokoillowa, -«6wka ^, abigail, 
chamber-maid. *.owiec, owy * 
valet, lackey. *.owy ^ of a room, 
chamber . . ., of peace. 

pokolenie 7 race, family; gene- 
ration, [(in a cradle). 

pokotysac ^? to rock for a while 

pokonailc '"'f to overcome , over- 
power, subdue. -*.iiie 7 over- 
coming, vanquishing. [about. 

pokonczyc ^? to finish, bring 

pokorlla ^, humility, humbleness 
of mind. --nio "^^ humbly. 
-wnosc ^, humbleness, submissive- 
ness. -^ny? humble, submissive. 

pokos "7 mowing; swath, -ic '^? 
to mow off. 

pokost 1? varnish, -.nik "IJ var- 
nisher. *.owac ^? to varnish, 
lacquer. 

pokosztowac ""? to taste, sip. 

pokotem "? Uiec *, to lie along 
or in swaths. 

pokpic ^? (sprawf) to forfeit. 

pokrajallc ""^ to cut into pieces, 
to carve, -.nie 7 carving, cut- 
ting-up. 

pokrapiac, vid. pokropic. 

pokrasc '"? to steal (one thing 
after another). 

pokrfcllac, •'ic ^" to turn, curl. 
«.« gtowg,, to shake one's head. 

pokreslic "f to scrawl upon ; de- 
lineate, draw. 

pokrewllienstwo 7 -nose*', con- 
sanguinity, relationship. *-iiy f 
kin, related. 

pokropic '*^f to sprinkle. 

pokrdtce ^ in few words, shortly* 

pokrowiec ^7 cover, case. 

pokmszyc ^f to bruise, crush, 
break to pieces. 

pokryllc, «»'Wac ^? to cover; ^fig.) 
hide, conceal, ^^cie 7 covering; 
cover; ffigj hiding, •.jomil *^ 
secretly, clandestinely. '*'W9h 



pokrywka 

-wka ^, posi>lid ; (fig.) disguise, 
pretext 

pokrzep'*l!ac «*c '^'^ to refresh, 
comfort, -.ajacy ^ corroborative, 
restorative ; strengthening, —c 
sif ""X to refresh oneself. »enie 7 
refreshment, recreation. 

pckrzyk "^ (hot.) belladonna. 

poki'zykiwac ''^^ to scream, cry 

pokrzjrwa*', (hot.) nettle, [out. 

pokrzywdzllenie " wrong, injury, 
-ic ^f to do wrong, -ony " 
wronged. [misrepresent. 

polirzywic ^? to crook , curve ; 

pokrzywka^, (med.J nettle-rash. 

pokrzyzowac ""^ to cross ; (fig.) 
to thwart, 

pokumac sif '"f C^ f^^'^J to make 
friends with a person. 

poknp ™ sale, vent. #*.ny ? sale- 
able, vendible. 

pokurcz ^ bastard dog. 

poknrzyc '"f to dust, cover with 
dust; smoke for a while. 

pokullsa *i temptation; tempter, 
seducer. -«szac, •-sic^^ to tempt. 
•«- sie "■ 
«>'Szeme 

penance, penitence, —tnica ^, 
•-tnik "^ penitent, -^tny " peni- 
tential, •'towac^t'^ to do penance; 
(o strachachj w tym domu •.tllje, 
this house is haunted. 

pokwapic si^ ^f to make haste, 
hasten. ^ [to sour, turn sour. 

pokwa^sic '"^ to sour, •.sniec ^ 

pokwitowallc '"f to acquit, to 
disc barge. *.nie ^ acquittance. 

p6t '^ <fe^ half; na -drogi, half-way. 
•. funta, half a pound. *> godziny, 
half an hour; •. tonu, (muz.) 
semitone; o — do pintej godziny, 
at half past four o'clock, 

poia/, skirt, tail. 

polac, vid. polewac. 

poiac ^, row of houses. 

poiaczllenie ^ junction, union; 
joint, -yc ""f to unite, join. 
m»m, sie , to unite. 



'"'*' (o coj to venture to. 
temptation, ••ta \ 



polej 195 

poiajallc "^^ to reprimand ' Wnie 'J 
reprimand. 

poiamac ^? to break to pieces, 
crash, m, si§ ""f to be broken 
to pieces, be crashed. 

polanka ^, meadow in a wood. 

polano \ log of wood. 

polapac '"^ to seize (one after 
another). [mouse-trap. 

pdtapka ^, trap; •- na myszy, 

p6iarkusz'^ half a sheet, -owyf 

polarny, vid. biegunowy. [foUo. 

polatac ^V' to fly here and there 
(for a while); run or drive about 
(for a whUe). 

polatac ^" to mend, patch, 

p61attas '^ satinet. 

potawiallc ^? (ryhyj to catch. 
<*CZ ^ ^-CZ peret, pearl-fisher. 

p6lilb6g, ^bozek '^ demi-god. 
-'Cien'^ penumbra, -cwiartka^, 
octavo (sheet), -cwiartkowy ? 
octavo j format •» *. , oct^ivo. 
-czwarta, ^-czwarteijWMm,, three 
and a half, -dupek "J buttock. 

pole ^ field; plain; battle; ffig.J 
sphere, province; (heral.) shield; 
(na 8zac?iownicyJ square; (z woj' 
akiem) wyruszyc w <*, to take the 
field; dotrzymac pola, to carry 
the day; stracic •-, to retire, fly. 

poiec "^ flitch (of bacon); polciem 
lezec, to lie along. 

polecllac, «*ic ""^ to recommend, 
to commend, -^ajacy " list •.«», 
letter of recommendation. *.anie, 
•-enie ^ recommendation, •.enie ♦ 
commission, order. 

polecie ^ after-summer, St. Mar- 
tin's summer. 

poleciec^^ to fly away; run away. 

polfdwica^, loin, surloin. 

poleildz, ^gnac T (*^ hitwiej to 
fall, ^gty « killed. , 

polegallc "*? (na kimj to put con- 
fidence in a person; (na czem) 
to rely on, depend upon. •»nie \ 
confidence, trust, 

polej ^ (lot.) penny-royal. 
23* 



19R polemicznie 

polemillcznie <*?* polemically. 

•czny ?■ polemic, polemical. 

-"kas polemics pi. 
polenic sie ^r to b© too idle to . . . 
poleplla ^, 'plaster, plaster-floor. 



•lac, -ic^" to plaster, rough-cast. 

polepszilaCf •-yc ^f to improve. 
• -* 8i§ , to grow better, im- 
prove. *.eiiie "J improvement. 

polerowllac ^f to planish, smooth; 
ffigj civilise. -*ny f polished; 
(figj civilised. 

polewa^, potter's glazing, -c'^? 
to water; fpieczen etcj baste; 
fgamkij glaze ; ^cyna; tin ; (smolaj 
tar. •.c sif ^r to' be watered. 
•'CZ'^ glazer. -.czka^, watering- 
pot, •.nie " watering, irrigation. 
m, m. ogniskay housewarming. 
•.wany ? watered; glazed; tin- 

polewka^, soup. [ned. 

POlellzc ^? to creep to; ("vulg.J go 
to . . . -.zee ^^ to be lying (for 
some while). 

p6iilfantowy f weighing half a 
pound. ••garnc6wka ^, fmiaraj 
two quarts, •g^bkiem'*? ^wdtyic) 
indistinctly. ~g§sek "' larded 
and smoked goose, -.^iosem "p 
in a low key. •gtosny ^ not 
quite loud, low. --gibwek "^ 
dunce, greenhorn, -godzinny " 
lasting half an hour. 

polica*", book-shelf. 

policliromia ^, polychromy. 

p olid Imaj star !? director of police. 

policilya^, police, -.yanflj police- 
man, constable, •'yiny f of the- 
police. 

policzllek ^y cheek; box on the 
ear. -.kowac ^" to box a per- 
son's ears, -.kowy " cheek ... 

policzyc '"^ to reckon. -* sif ""V 
(z kirn.) to settle accounts with 
a person. 

p6^^edwabny, half-silk. 

poliniowac ^^ to draw lines. 

polip'^ polypus, polyp. *owy? 
polypous. 

polisa^, fasekuracyjnaj policy. 



polowa 

polisz3niel *1J Jack-pudding, bidTbn* 

politeclinillczxiy ? polytGchDic, 
-••ka ^, polytechnics pi.; poly- 
technical schooL 

politowanie « compassion, com- 
miseration. 

politnra^, polish; French polish. 

polityllcznie «? politically. -,cz* 
--Iiy f poUtic(al). -k " politi- 
cian, statesman, -ka ^, politicsjpL; 
courteousnesSjCivility. -kowac^?^ 
to talk politics; flatter. 

polka ^, (taniecj polka; taAczy6 
polkp, to polk. 

p61k etc., vid. pulk. 

p6ika*', board, shelf, ledge. 

p6tfikaretka ♦", chaise, -.koszeklj 
hamper, hurdle (for a carriage). 

potknac ^? to swallow ; (fig.) to 
gulp down. 

pdillkole'J semi-circle; hemisphere, 
-'koszulek " shirt-front, -km- 
szec "^ semi-metal. 

p6iksi§iyc "^ half-moon, -owy ? 
semilunar. 

pblllkula ^, hemisphere. -tokcia'J 
half an ell. -tokciowy ? of 
half an ell. -nifdrek " sciolist, 
^-misek ""l dish for serving up 
roast-meat, -.nagi f half-naked, 
-okragty " half-round, semi- 
circular. 

p<31ll0C ^, fstrona iwiataj north; 
(czasj midnight, -nowschodni ? 
northeastern, northeasterly. -.nO-- 
zachodni ^ northwestern, north- 
westerly, •-ny^ midnight; nor- 
thern, northerly. 

polny ^ field; wild; artylerya 
polna, field-artillery, kwiat -», 
wild flower. 

poiil6g "^ lying-in, child-bed, do- 
livery, -ogowy " obstetric, ob- 

polonez ™ polonaise, [stetrical. 

polonizowac ^" to polonise. 

polor"^ polish, sheen; ("fig. J good 
mauDers, polish. [agile. 

polof^ flight, -.ny ? rapid, quick, 

pot6w "^ fishing, catching fish; 

polowa^, moiety, half. [booty. 



polowad 

polowllac ^ to hunt, chase, 
-anie "5 hunting, shooting. «» 
«a zajace, hare-hunting. 

po^owica ^, moiety ; better half, 
consort. 

polowy ? field , . . * "; field-guard. 

potoz " fzoj boa. 

potozllenie "^ situation, position; 
state, condition, •.on^^ situated. 

potoznilica ^» woman lying-in. 
-•Ctwo ',' midwifery, obstetrics. 
•-czy ? lying-in ; zakiad «. •», ly- 
ing-in hospital;- siiuka -•cza, 
midwifery. ' 

poioiyc ^? to lay down; (zycie) 
sacrifice; * trupem^ to kill. •- 
sif ^r to lie down. 

p61llpanek ^J country - squire, 
-pieta ^ four and a half, •-po- 
scie , Mid-Lent. 

p6iT0lIcze ^ half-year, six months, 
•-cznie ^} every six months. 
•'Czny ^ six months old; semi- 

p6isen ^ dog-sleep. [annual. 

p61i'setek *; half a hundred, 
•-skbrek ^ oprawa w ^ «•., half- 
binding, -sukno" linsey-woolsey. 

p6i||8rodek ^ half- measure. 
•szorypi-jOiglit) harness, -ton"^ 
(mr^.J semiton. 

polszczyllc ^^ to Polonise. -i^zna *", 
Polish language; Polish man- 
ners etc. 

pdltora ^ one and a half, •-cz- 
ny ^ containing one and & half; 
^okoZeiV l>i'oad-gauge. •-sta, num., 
one hundred and fifty. 

p6ttrzecia ^ two and a half. 

polubic ^^ to become fond of, to 
take a fancy to. 

polnbowny ? arbitral; s^dzia m,^ 
arbiter, referee. 

poludnille 7 south; noon, -k *; 
meridian, •'kowy " meridian, 
••owowsctodni f southeast, 
southeastern, •owozachodni " 
southwest, southwestern, •-owy ^ 
meridional , southern ; noon ; 
»OWa godzina, noontide, noon. 



pomidor 



19*^ 



p6tl|uinarty ^ half-dead ■^.wy- 
sep "T peninsula. 

poiyk'^ (anat.) esophagus, -^ac, 
vid. polknac. •.anie ^ swallowing. 

polysk ^ * sheen , polish, •.ac, 
•iwac ^? to glitter, shine, •-liwy, 
•-Tijacy ?■ bright, resplendent. 

p6izywy f half-dead. [feel. 

pomacac '^? to grope (about), to 

pomacic ^" fpiynj to stir up, 
CfigJ confound, puzzle. 

pomadlla ^, pomade, pomatum. 
*o wac ^f to pi>made. <* •» sif ^ 
to be pomaded, pomade one's hair. 

pomagallc ""? (komuj to help, to 
aid a person. *.cz ^ helper, aid'.;r, 
assistant, -..nie ^ helping, aidiiig. 

pomalowac ^f to paint over. 

pomalllenku , •lutku «^? very 
slowly, ^in ^} slowly; by little 
and little. 

pomaranczlla^, orange. *aniia^, 
orangery. •.6wka ^, orange- 
brandy, •owyf orange- coloured. 

pomarlipi., the deceased. «'Ca^, 
cattle-plague. 

pomarszczyc ^? to fold, pucker. 

pomarznac^f to freeze (to death); 
^o roslinachj to be blasted with 
cold. [charge with. 

pomawiac ^f ^o coj to accuao of, 

pomazallc^f to besmear; anoint, 
embalm, •^c sie ^T to be be- 
smeared, -^nie 1 anointing, 
-'nka *", slice of bread and butter. 
«*lliec "^ anointed man; (hozyj 
the Lord's Anointed. 

pomiac ^f to crumple, rumple, 
fumble. 

pomiar'^ measurement, surveying, 
survey. *.kowac^" to perceive, 
understand. • -« si§ "^ think 
better of it; see one's way, find 
one's latitude, -"kowanie 7 mo- 
deration, •owy " surveyor's^ 
geometrical. 

pomiatallc ^? to throw about-, 
(czemj to despise, disregard. «*ide" 
throwing about; (fig J disregard. 

pomidor "; love-apple. 



198 pomigdzy 

pomi^dzy-^^ vid. mi^dzy^ 

pomienillac, -^c ""? to exchange. 
<••» si§ ^r C^^ co^ *o exchange 
for ... 

pomieniony f mentioned, quoted. 

pomiellmosc ^, measurableness, 
proportion ; moderation. «*my ^ 
pleasurable; moderate. 

pomiescic ^? to place, put in; 
to Jodge, accomodate with ^ a 
lodging. « sie ^r to fiod room ; 
nie -» 8i§, to liave no room. 

pomieszallc *f to mix, mingle; 
(fig. J confound; mie6 -^ny rozum, 
to be out of one's wits. m,XL\e "J 
confusion, bewilderment; (zmy- 
9l6wJ disorder of mind; dostac 
••nia. to become mad. 

pomleszczenle ^ location, placing. 

pomieszkallc "T to reside, live 
for a certain time. -»nie 1 dwel- 
ling, apartments pi. 

pomi^tosic^^ to fumble, crumble. 

pomilliac, •-nac ^f. to pass by; 
pass over in silence, . take no 
notice of, -nigcie^ passing (by) ; 
taking no notice of . . . 

pomlmo. vid. mimo. '•wolnie ^ 
involuntarily. «.wolny f invo- 
luntary. 

pomiot '^ litter, brood; cast, 
throw ; refuse* ••to ^ malkin, 
mop. 

pomknac ""^ to move forward, 
shove. " •- si§, to move on, con- 
tinue moving on. 

ponmaiac, vid. pomnoiyi. 

poznniec ^? to remember. 

pomniejszHac, *yc^? to diminish, 
^y ^ unimportant. 

pomnik ^ monument, •^owy f' 
monumental. 

pomnozllenie ^ multiplication ; 
increase, •ny ? multipliable. 
•-yc ^? to augment, multiply, 
increase. -» •» 8i§ '"T to paultiply. 
•.yciel ^y multiplier. 

ponmy ? remembering, mindful; 
memoiible. 



pomysiowo^c 

pomoe ^, help, aid, succour, as* 
sistance; przybiedz komu na *?, 
to fly to a person's assistance, 
•nica ^, -^nik "^ helper, assistant, 
-^niczy f assistant, a-ny " help- 
ful, useful. ' [prayer. 

pomodlic sie ^f to say a short 

pom6dz, vid^ pomagac. 

pomologiila^; pomology, -.czny* 
pomological. [pestilence, 

pomor ™ (na bydtoj cattle-plague ; 

pomordowac "? to murder (all). 

pomorzlianiu ^i dweller on the 
coast, riparian. «>e "3 maritime 
country. [hunger. 

pomorzyc '"" to starve, let die of 

pomost ^ (okrptuj deck; ceiling. 

pom6wi||c ^V' (o czemj to speak 
<^f, talk over, •-enie ^ cosy con- 
versation; accusation. 

pomplla ^, pump ; pomp, splendour. 
'^B,powietrzna, air-pump, •atycz- 
nosc ^» pompousness. -►atyczny* 
pompous, -iarz'^ pump-maker, 
•-owac ""^ to pump. 

pompon ^ (ozdobaj pompon. 

pomrok ™ ••a ^, gloominess, dark- 
ness.' 

pommk '^ murmrring, grumbling, 
•-iwac "^^ to murmur, grumble. 

pomrzec ""^ to die oflf. 

pomllscic ^? to revenge, m, m, si§T 
to take revenge. •'Sciolel "5 
avenger, •.sta ^, •-szczenie * 
revenge, vengeance. 

ponmmik ™ (bot.J parietary; 

pomyllc, --wac '"? to wash up; 
rinse, clean, •.je pi., dishwater. 

pomykac, vid. pomknac. 

pomylllic sif ^f to be mistaken, 
commit an error, <«lka ^. error, 
mistake. 

pomyllst *? idea, conception, 
•slec, -slic "^^ to think of; me- 
ditate,' reflect upon. <»sleiiie .? 
meditation, reflection. A^slnie ^ 
successfully. «'Slil0SC^t prospe- 
rity, fortune; success. «'8lny * 
favourable, fair; successful, '^slo* 
W08C ^t inventive faculty, ing^ 



pomystowy 

niou8nes8. *.slowy ? inventive, 

ingenious. _ 

pomywallczka ^, scullery -maid, 
scullion. •-Inik "^ washing -tub, 
washing-basin. 

ponad '^'^ frzeka) along; over. 

ponapelniac ^? to fill up all . . . 

ponawiac, vid. ponowic. 

poncz "^ punch. 

ponczollcha *", stocking, -.sziiic- 
two " hosiery ; stocking, manu- 
factory. -'Sznik™ hosier; stock- 
inger. 

ponetlla ^, lure, bait ; -* •. ryhna, 
lobworm, fish-bait, •nie '^^ invi- 
tingly, •nose ^, attractiveness, 
invitingness. -ny " inviting, at- 
tractive. 

poniechac ""^ to omit (to do).' 

Poniedzialltek '^ Monday, -tko- 
wy ^ of Monday, Mondayish. 

poniekad "? in a (certain) man- 
ner, in^ some sort. 

poniesc ^" to carry (to), vid. 

poniewaz f .ij^tcause. \^pono!iic. 

poniewierllac '^? to waste, be re- 
gardless of; CkimJ ill-treat, -ac 
sif ^r to be wasted ; stroll, wan- 
der about. -»ka *", disregard, post- 
ponement; vagrant life. 

poniewolny^ constrained, forced. 

ponik ^, spring of water, -i pi., 
(fig. J snares pi. 

ponizllac, •'yc ^? to abase, humi- 
liate, debase. <«. •. sif ^f to humble 
oneself. ••ajacy " humbling. 
•ej "^? under," below; (w ksiaz- 
kachj below, --enie ^ debase- 
ment, humiliation, lowering. 

pono, vid. podohno. 

ponocny ^ night ... * ™ court 
watcbman. [bear. 

pODliosic ^? to endure, sutfer, 

ponowliic ^^ to renew, repeat. 
•-ienie 7 renewal, -.nie **? anew, 
afresh, -ny^ renewed, repeated. 

pons "^ crimson, ponceau. *owy" 
high-red. 

ponton " pontoon, -.ier ™ pon- 
toneer. -rowy ? pontoon ... 



popielec 



199 



pontyfikalny ? episcopal. 

ponumerowac ^" to number, 
mark with figures 

ponnrilo "? sadly, mournfully. 
•-OSC *", mournfulness, low spirits, 
•.y ^ gloomy, dark; fo osobiej 
mournful. 

ponnrzllac, •'yc^f to dip. *•. sie^f 
to dive; (^w coj penetrate, ••enie 
sif " penetration. 

poobielldni " afternoon, after- 
dinner; drzymka -*dnia, after- 
noon nap. •.dzie ^ after-dinner. 



poorac 



to finish ploughing; 



(fig. J wrinkle. [place, 

poosme "? eighthly, in the eighth 
poowijac'"'" to wind about; wrap 
pop '^ pope, Greek priest, [up. 
popadac '^'*,* to fall into. » 8i§ ^f 

fo rekachj to chap, 
popa'mietac ^" to keep in mind 

for long time, 
poparllcie ^ support, countenance. 

•ty ?■ supported, helped, 
popalls ^ relay of horses, ^ short 

halt; (atacya) stage. •>sac, --SC, 



'Sywac 



fkoniej to feed : 



make a (short) halt. 

popasc, vid. popadac & popaaac. 

popatTzllec, *yc ^?? (cztgo) to 
look about for; (na kogoj look 
at a person for a while. 

popclinL'ac ^" to push, thrust 
forward." •-iecie "I shock, push. 

poped '^ impulsion; ^/i^,^ impulse, 
propensity, •-liwosc*", violence, 
impetuosity, ••liwy ^ vehement, 
violent. [make go. 

pop§dz||ac, -ic '"^ to drive on, 

popek 1? (cm.) bull -finch, chaf- 
finch. 

popekac "^^ to burst open, crack. 

popeinillac, *c^?^ to commit, do, 
perpetrate. <«'enie ^ perpetration. 

popif of a pope, of a Greek priest. 

popiilc, -jac '^? to drink by 
draughts. ' 

popieilato "? in ash- colour, 
•aty " ash- coloured. <»ec " 



200 popielice 

Ash-Wednesday, •ice pl-t (futroj 
miniver, •nica*", (funeral) urn. 

popierallC, vid. poprze6. -cz ™ 
furtherer, promoter. •»iiie, tdd. 
poparcis. [ture. 

popiersie "J bust ; half-length pic- 

popiJi(^i '^ ashes pi. •oty pi' re- 
mains pi. 

popis ^ census; levy, conscrip- 
tion; (wojska) review, muster; 
school-examination. «»ac ^* to 
write down all (the letters etc.). 
•-ac sif, -»ywac si? ^r to per- 
form admirably ; distinguish one- 
self; (iigj parade, show off. 
^-Owy ^ census . . . ; conscrip- 
tional. •owy '^ conscript, •.y- 
wanie Bi§ ^ (czemj boasting of. 

poplallcac ^^ to be worth, be of 
value, •'tnosc ^, worth , value ; 
vogue, •.tny ^ valuable, worth. 

poplakac sie ^X to burst into 
tears. 

poplamic ^? to soil, dirty. 

poplecznik '^ accomplice, abetter. 

poploch '^ alarm, panic. 

popilldkac, -"Ukac ^f (gardlaj 
to gargle; wet. 

popiynac ^? to sail. 

poJDOdnosic ^^ to take up, lift 
up (one thing after another). 

popolndnie ") afternoon. 

popracowac ^f to work for some 

poprag, vid. popreg. [time. 

poprawlla^, amendment, improve- 
ment; correction, •czy " of 
correction. «.iacz "^ improver, 
'•'ic ^^ to better ,* to mend ; to 
amend, to correct; put in order, 
set right. -»-^ sif ^f to mend 
one's way, correct oneself. -*ka ^, 
(small) correction, •^nosc*", cor- 
rectness, -•nie **^ correctly, --ny? 
mendable, corrigible; correct, 
right; (wydanie) improved, cor- 
rected. 

popr^iT ^ girth, surcingle. 

poprosic ^" to request, ask; 
CgoiciJ to invite. 

poprostu <*? simply, plainly. 



por§ba6 

poprowadzic^? to lead to; ffnut 
etc. J to draw. [order.. 

poprzatilac, -nac ^? to put in 

poprzoc '"f i" fig. /to support, prop. 

poprzeczniiica *", cross - street. 
•»ie **? w poprzek , crossly, ath- 
wart, across, •-osc ^, traverse 
or oblique direction. «»y f cross. 

poprzedJli " preceding ; previous, 
preliminary; zdanie -•e, fto logieej 
antecedent, -^czka^, forerunner. 
«».k '7 forerunner ; (mat.) anteco- 
dent. *.o "? before ; previously. 

poprzedzilac, ^ic ""^ to precede, 
go before, -ajacy f precedent, 
previous, •anie * precedence. 

poprzek *^ w *, across; wzdiui 
i •-, criss-cross. 

poprzestllac, -'awac^"?/'cz«gro;to 
intermit, cease ; fna czemJ be sa- 
tisfied, be contented with, •-a- 
wiac ^^ to transpose, place in a 
different manner. 

poprzyjaznid si§ ^T (* '^vm.) to 
form a friendship with a person. 

poprzysill^dz'^? (co TcomuJ to make 
an oath of . . . -.eganie 7 solemn 
affirmation, confirmation by oath. 
§zony * confirmed by oath. 

pOj^sullc ^*? to spoil, mar ; deprave. 
••c si§ ^ to spoil , be spoiled. 
•cie "J spoiling, depravation. 
*ty " spoiled ; (fig.J corrupted. 

popnlarllnosc^, popularity, •-nyf 
popular, -yzowac ^" to popu- 
larise. 

popullszczac, -^scic ^f to loosen, 
to relax; >»><*, cugli, to give the 
rein to, give a horse his head. 

popychallC, vid. popehnad. -.dto 'J 
(fig. J drudge. 

popyt "^ inquiry, request, -^ac 
si§ ""V to inquire, ask. 

por '^ Canat.J pore ; (lot.) leek, 

pora \ suitable time, season, 
«. roku, season; w porp, in due time. 

porab "^ wood-cutting ; place where 
wood is being felled ; felled wood, 
•ac ^" to cut into little pieces. 



porabiaC 

porabiac ^* to do ; co porahiaaz ? 
how do you do? how are you? 

porachJIowac ^? to calculate, 
CO apute. « m, 8i§ ^^ to settle 
Accounts, •'iiiiek'^ computation, 
calculation. 

poralida \ consultation. *diiik ^ 
adviser , counsellor. •-dny ^ 
clever. •.dzic ^^ to advise, 
counsel; fczemuj to be equal to, 
(TcomuJ to be a match for. «»» 
sobie, .to shift for oneself. <*•» 
8i§ ^ to consult. 

poradlic'^f to turn up the ground, 
twifallow; CfigJ furrow. 

poranllek "^ morning, -kowy, 
•ny '^ morning. 

poranic ^f to wound, hurt. 

porastac ^f to overgrow. •> pie- 
rzem, to get fledged. 

poratowallc ^^ to aid, help. 
•-C zdrowie, to recover one's health, 
•-llie " help; (zdroxciaj restora- 
tion, recovery. 

porallzic ^? (nieprzyjadela) to de- 
feat, overthrow, -^zenie "J defeat, 
overthrow; (med.J palsy. *><« 
sloneczne, insolation, ^^-zka ^» de- 
feat, overthrow; odniedd •^zkf, 
to be defeated. 

porcelallna *", porcelain, •.ndw- 
ka ^, porcelain clay, •.novry ^ 
porcelain. [gather rust. 

pordzewiec *T to grow rusty, 

porcya ^, portion, part assigned. 

porfb, vid. porab. 

porfllcz ^, railing, balustrade; 
(krzeHa) arm. -^czny f mana- 
geable, -.czyc^f togivegarantee. 
•czyciel'^ guarantee, •-ka*", gua- 
ranty, answerablenes. •-kawicz- 
ne^ pin-money. 

porfir "^ porphyry. 

porobic "^^ to have finished (all 
the work). 

porll6d ^, •odzenie ^ delivery, 
labour of a woman, -•odzic ^'i' 
to give birth to, bring forth. 
m,m, 8i§ ^r to originate, be bom. 



portyer 



201 



poronili'c ^? to abort, miscarry, 
••enie 7 abortion, miscarriage, 
•-onj^ ^ abortive. 

porolisc, •'Snac, vid. porastac. 
•sly " (cztm) overgrown with. 
•St ^ (med.J exostosis; (bot.J 
lichen, •sty ply (wodne) algae. 

porosic "^^ to bedew; moisten. 

por6wn||ac, *ywac '"f (do) to 
compare with; (grunt) even, le- 
vel ; equalise, •ranie \ compari- 
son ; evening, levelling ; w «»anill 
do czego, in comparison with . . . 
«>«. dnia z ncfca, equinox.. «>aW' 
Czy ^ comparative. 

porozllbiegac 8i§ ^ to disperse, 
be dispersed, •biorowllyf^ •'•e 
dziejcj Polish history after its 
dismembrement. •-chodzlc sif^l' 
to break up, part, ^dawac ^^ 
to give away (all). 

poroie pi., horns, antlers pi. 

por6zni||c ^f to disunite, set one 
person against another, --c 8i§^'^ 
to fall out with . . . «>eilie " dis- 
union, discord. [about. 

porozrzucac ""f to litter, throw 

porozumiellc sig ^ (z Mm) to 
come to an understanding with 
a person, •-nie " arrangement, 
agreement; suspicion; zyc z fcim 
V} dobrem -viiill, to keep fair with 
one ; miec kogo w •.niu, to suspect 
a person. • 

porozwiazywac'"? to untie (one 
thing after another). 

port ™ harbour , port, •.owe' » 
port-charges, •-owy? harbour..., 
port . . . ; miasto •.OWOi sea-port 

porter ^ (piwoj porter, [town. 

portfel '^ portfolio. 

portki pi; trousers pi. (vulgj 

portmonetka ^, purse. 

portoryum "". postage. 

portre'lcik ^ small portrait. 
• cista ™ portrait-painter, -t " 
portrait, •-towac ^" to portray 

portulaka^, (bot.^ purslane. 

portyer "^ porter, door-keeper. 



portyk 



poruszilac, -yc 
(fig. J touch. -^ 



202 



portyk '^ pillared hall. 

pomczllac, «*yc ^^ to entrust, re- 
commend. •. -. sif ^r to recom- 
mend oneself. *.enie " entrust- 
ment, recommendation. *yciel '^ 
recommender. 

pomcznik ^-> CmilJ lieutenant, 
•owski ? lieutenant's. 

^^ to move, stir ; 
sie ^r to move, 
stir, ••ajacy ^ moving, touching, 
-►alny 'f mobile,moveable. "^enie 1 
movement; (fig.j emotion. 

porwallc ^'J' to drag away or off; 
snatch, seize ; CfigJ ravish, trans- 
port. *.c sie ^r to start up 
suddenly ; fna IcogoJ to offer vio- 
lence to a person ; »>c sie do broni, 
to take up arms, •^nie'"" ravish- 
ment. *v «. si§ ^ fdo hronij tak- 
ing up (arras). 

porysowallc^" to draw, delineate; 
chap. •'6 si§ ^r to chap, •-ny " 
chinky. 

poryw "^ CJlg) ravishment, im- 
pulse. •^Ztt^vid.'porwad. ••ajacy? 
charming, ravishing, •.czb <*? 
hastily; impetuously. -.CZOSC ^, 



hastiness; impetuosity, passiqna- 
teness. •-czy" hasty; impetuous, 
passionate. 

porzadliek" order, arrangement; 
(arch.) order; *.ek ohradowania, 
standing orders. '^Isipl., imple- 
ments i?Z., utensils j?i. ••kowac^^ 
to order, arrange, •'kowanie "J 
disposition, arrangement, ••ko- 
wy " ordinal; orderly, regular. 
••nicki '^ person fond of order, 
•.nie ^} orderly ; duly ; properly; 
much, •ny f orderly, regular; 
respectable. 

porzecze " river-plain. 

porzeczklla ^, red-currant. *.owy f 
currant . . . 

porznac ^^ to cut to pieces. 

porzucllenie'I abandonment, giving 
up, resignation, •-ic ""? to aban- 
don; (zonp) repudiate; (urzad) 
throw up; (o zwierz$tachj cast. 



posiikowy 

posada *i foundation, basis; em» 
ploy, charge. 

posadzli'ac, -^16 ^? to suspect, re* 
fleet upo^i. -i'enie "? suspicion; 
mie6 to *eniu, to suspect, distrust. 

posadzic ^^'to set, put, place. 

posadzka*", inlaid floor. 

posal!g"J (raarriage-)portion, dow- 
ry, dotal feift. *gowy ^ dotal. «* 
zny*? '^'inSipartya, heiress,a catch, 

posa|ig "; statue. *gowy " sta- 
tuary ... •-zek 1J statuette. 

poschnac ^? to dry up, wither. 

poscic ^? to fast. 

poscinac ^"^ to cut down (all ..e) 

IJOSCiel*", bedding. 

poscig "^ pursuit. 

poselit "^ ambassador; fna dejm) 
member of Parliament; mes- 
senger. «»lac, vid. poslac. «»ika, 
vid. posyika. -wlski " of ambas- 
sador. •.Istwo'l^ embassy; message. 

posf pllnosc *", gloominess ; sadness, 
mournfulness. -^ny ^ gloomy; 
sad, mournful. [perty. 

posesllor" proprietor. *.ya^, pro- 

posiac ^^ to sow, seed. 

posiadllac '^^ to possess, be pos- 
sessed of; nie *.ac sie ^f ^^ »'<^ 
doscij to be beside oneself (with 
joy), -..acz ^ possessor; farmer, 
•-anie "^ possessing, possession. 



'lose 



possession , property. 



'^•ioscipl; possessions ^I. •.lose 
gruntowa, landed property. 



posiasc 



to take possession 



of, occupy. 

posiellc, -"kac ""f to hackle, chop; 
(szablaj to slash, ^-kany f slashed. 

posiedzllenie '^ session. -iciel'U 
possessor. -,iec "^^ to sit, to stay 
for a while. 

posilllac, •'ic ^"f to comfort, re« 
fresh ; strengthen. •. *. si§ ""f 
to take some refreshment, •-enie' 
refreshment, comfort ; recreation. 

posiiliek "^ restorative, refresh- 
rfuBnt. •.fci pi., auxiliary troopa, 
auxiliaries pi.. *.kowac "^^J" to 
reinforce, -•'kowy ^ auxiliary^ 



posiwialy 

posiwillaiy ^ (o wlosachj hoary, 
•-ec '^ to become gray. 

posilny f nutritious, nutritive. 

poskariyc 8i§ ^f fna kogoj to 
complain of ... 

posklepic ""f to vault. 

poskoilczyc ^ to take a leap, 
leap on. *.k "^ leap, jump. 

poskromllic, poskramiac ^? to 
suppress, subdue, •riciel "^ tamer, 
subduer. ^ienie ^ subduement, 
suppression. 

poslllac, -ytac '"? Cpo kogoJ to 
send for; send, despatch^ . 

poslac, poscieiac ^^ to make 
the bed; *> sobie, to bed, to make 
one's bed. 

poslad "^ Czboza) ch^flf. 

posladek^ backside, posteriors j?l. 

poslak etc., vid. poszlak etc. 

posianllie 1 couch, bed, bedding. 
•'iec,*'iiik"messenger. -^nictwo^J 
mission. 

posledni " posterior; inferior. 

posiinic ^" to moisten with saliva. 

posliznilac sie ^ to slip, glide 
out ; Cfig.j mistake, -.ienie sie 7 
slip; ffigj fault, error. 

postowac '"V' to be member of 
Parliament. 

poslubic ^^ to marry. 

postuch " audience ; rumour, re- 
port; znalezc -*, to be heard; 
a •'H, by hearsay, -.ac ^^ to 
hear, give hear to ; obey. *'aliiia ^, 
presence - chamber. ^alny " 
audience. . . . ^^anie ^ audience. 

poshlglla ^, service, attendance. 
•acz , servant, attendant, ••acz- 
ka ^, charwoman, serving-woman. 
*iwac ^ to serve, attend. 

postuszlienstwo 1 obedience, 
•nv ^ obedient. 

poshi^yc ^? to serve for a cer- 
tain time ; (komuj ta agree with ; 
to wino T^u nie postuzyio, this wine 
did not agree with htUL 

poslyszec ^f to hear. 

poBmolic ^? to besmear, soil. 



postapi6 



203 



posmarowac ^? rttuttoSdgij to 

grease ; •- maatem kawaiek chleba, 
to butter a slice of bread. 

podmiertny " posthumous. 

posmiewisko 1 mockery, derision, 

pOBOch "^ staff, stick. [acorn, 

posoka^, (flhed) blood. 

posolic , to salt, impregn^itei 
with salt. 

posowa*', (arch.) ceiling. 

pospiellchl? hurry; z -.chem, hasti- 
ly, in haste, -szac, --szyc ^ 
«*8zyc 8i§ ^r to hasten, make 
haste. A-szyc komu na ratunek, 
to run to a person's aid. ^'Sznie ^ 
in a hurry. «^szny* hasty, speedy. 

pospolillcie «f commonly, ordi- 
narily; vulgarly. , •ciec ^ to 
make oneself familiar, become 
common. ••tCSC^, commonness, 
custimariness. ^-towac si§ , 
fz kimj to condescend to, be fa- 
mUiar with. *ty ? customary, 
usual; mean; •-te ru«zenie, (vy 
daumej PoUceJ levy of -the Polish 
nobles. 

pospl|6l8two ^ mob, rabble, 
•'OiTi «f together. 

posrebrzllac , *yc ""? to silver, 
plate, -any, -ony ? silvered, 
"^anie ^ silvering, plating. 

posredni " medial, mediate. 
-CtWO ^ mediatorship, interpo- 
sition, -czenie^ mediation, inter- 
mediation, interference. *czka^, 
mediatress, mediatrix, i^czyc ^ 
to intercede, interpose. -*k ™ 
intercessor, mediator. 

posr|!6d ^^ & «? in the midst of, 
amidst; z •, •,, from among, —o- 
dek ^ middle, midst; centre; v> 
-odku. in the midst of. 

post "7 Lent ; wielki ->., Great Lent 

postac ^? to stand for a while; 
stay; stop, put up at or in ... 

postac^, form, figure; stature. 

P08tanllawia6. -'Owi^ ^f to take 
a resolution, resolve. •'Owienie 7 
resolution. 

postapic, vid. posi^powai. 



204 postara^. sig 

postafac sif ""T Co coj to take 

. care of, provide. 

postarzec ei§ ^f to age. 

postaw '^ (sukna) piece, -.a ^, 
Btature ; futozeniej carriage, mien, 
countenance, -.ic'^f ',Ho put, set, 
plac§; (hudynek etc.) erect, -kic 
na fiwojem, to carry through; 
fkandydataj produce, put up. 
••ienie "J setting, placing; erec- 
tion, --ny ? splendid; skilled. 

pOSt§p "^ progress; czynic -.y, to 

* improve, make progress, ^-ek"^ 
action, proceeding, -.owac ^^ 
to advance, proceed; make pro- 
gress; behave, •-owanie " pro- 
ceeding , procedure ; behaviour. 
«*OWiec ^ progressionist, one of 
the progressive party, •-owy " 
progressive. 

posterimek ™ post, place; (mil.) 
outpost ; stac na posterunku , to 
stand guard. [day. 

postny^^ Lent ...; dzien *., fast- 

postdj'^ ^Tni'i!.^ quartering ; soldiers 
quartered; stay. [pi. 

postoly pl-i clogs pL, bast-shoes 

postrach '? terror, fright. 

postradallc "^^ to lose, be depri- 
ved of.^ •-nie "! loss. 

postraszyc ^f to inspire with 
fright. [szaniaj halter. 

postronek"^ cord, rope; (dowie- 

po 8 tronny" neighbouring ; side ... ; 
foreign. [zing shot. 

pOBtrzat "^ gun-shot -wound ; gra- 

postrzelldz, -vgac ^^ to perceive, 
observe, ^gacz "^ observer, per- 
ceiver. *ganie, •-ienie 7 per- 
ception, observation, dar *gania, 
talent of observation. 

postrzelllenie^ wounding by shoot- 
ing, -ic ^" to wound by shoot- 
ing. *ony " wounded (by shoot- 
ing); (fig.) crazy, queer. 

postrzyildz, -gac '"^ to shear ; 
cut to pieces. *gacz '^ shearer, 
•-gaczka ^, (female) shearer, 
•galnia^, shearing-room, •.zy- 
ny pl-% shearing. 



poszkapi6 si^ 

postnkac '"V' to knock for a while 
or repeatedly. [scriptum. 

postskrypt '^ postscript, post- 

postulat ^^ postulate. 

postnment "^ base, pedestal.- 

postyla \ collection of sermons. 

pOStylion, vid. pocztylion. 

pOSUCha*", aridity, dryness. 

posullnac, -^wac -"? to move (for- 
ward) ,*" advance. «.« si§ ^r t<> 
advance, -^-niecie, -v-wanie 'J mo- 
ving; Civ szachachj move : pushing 
forward. •- • sif ^ advancement. 
•'Wisty " krok -w •,, stride. 

poswaljrka ^» alteration. «-rzyc 
Si§ ^T CfigJ to fall out with. 

poswatac ^f to make a match. 

poswawolic ^? to play tricks. 

poswiadczllac, -.yc '"f to attest; 
vtjrify, authenticate. «.enie V at- 
testation; verification. *.yciel™ 
attester, certifier. 

poswiellcenie "I consecration, con- 
firmation. «« «. si§ » sacrifice of 
oneself, -cic, •'Cac ^" to con- 
secrate dedicate: sacrifice. 

poswierka^, (om.) ortolan. 

poswist "' whistle, hissing, whizzle. 

posyillac, vid. postac. *ajacy '^ 
despatcher. •-ka^, sending, for- 
wardinjj; packet, parcel. 

posypllac, ^-ywac ^'" to bespread. 

poszanowanie ^ respect, esteem. 

poszargac''"" (sukni^J to bedraggle. 

poszarpac ^" to tear to pieces. 

poszczegolnllie "^? apart, separa- 
tely. •.y ^ separate, apart. 

poszczenie 7 fasting. 

poszczfscic sie ^f to succeed, 
prosper, poszezpscilo viu sie we 
wszystkiem, he succeeded in every- 
thing. 

poszczuHc, --wac ""? to set on. 

poszczycic sif ^f tcn^rnj to gain 
honour by . . . 

poszept ^ whisper; suggestion. 

poszewka*", *ick, pillow-case. 

poszkapillc si§ "^r to make a slip 
or a blunder. *.enie si§ 7 faulty 
Blip. 



poszla^. 

pOSJjlak'; "-a', track, trace; CflqJ 
blemish, flaw; sign. •'Owac , 
to track, spy out. 

poszdstny , drawn by six horsea. 

poszpecic '"f to disfigure, deface, 

poszturchac ^? fkogoj to push 
or thrush repeatedly. 

poazukllac ^* to seek out, search 
for.^ *anie ^ looking for. •,!- 
wac '*'? to search into, to ex- 
plore, to research, •'iwanie " 
searchj, inquiry. 

poszyilc^f^ to have done sewing. 
vid. poazywac. --cie ^ thatch; 
(na futroj case, cover, ^t ™ 
(dzittaj part, •wac ^f (chalup^ 
etc.) to thatch. 

pot ^y sweat; wzigJc na *.y, to 
take a sudorific, -.ny " sweaty. 

potad ^ till now; hitherto. 

potajemilnosc ^, secrecy, clandesti- 
nity. *ny '^ secret, clandestine. 

potaMwallc ^? to assent, agree 
with. *nie ^ assent. 

potanllczyc, -»cowac '"? to spend 
some time with dancing. 

potarcie "J rubbing, friction. 

potargac ^f to crush; (wlosy) 
dishevel. 

potargowac sif T to chaffer. 

pOtails '^ fchemj potassium, •i ^ 
potash. 

pOt^glla ♦; might, power; ("arytj 
power, podniesc do drugiej -*i, 
to square. *owac " 
heighten. *owaiiie 
volution. 

potem «■? after that, afterwards; 
then; na *, for the future, for 
a later time; c6z mi •.? that Js 
of no use to me. fcU «^ ac- 
cordingly; jest czas »^XL, the cir- 
cumstances are favorable. 

pOtentat " potentate, monarch. 

potfpillac, -^C ^? to condemn, 
damn. ••ciel "^ condemnor, 
•■enie ^ condemnation, damna- 
tion, -.eniec ^ the cursed one. 
«*ony ^ the condemned. 

potfznilie ^p in a high degree, 



""f to raise, 
; fmatj in- 



potrojny 205 

greatly. <»086',might!&e8s,power- 

fulness. *y ^ mighty, powerful ; 

large, wide, 
potknilac sIq ^ to make a false 

step, to stumble; fo coj to come 

across a thing, •'i^cie li$ ^ 

stumbling, tripping, 
pot^llc , break, smash to pieces, 

bruise ; contuse, -.c 8i§ , to be 

smashed to pieces. «'Czenie ^. 

break, breaking (to pieces); 

wounding. [into, 

pothimaczyc """ fnaj to translate 
pothunic , to finish suppressing 

or crushing. 

pothiscic ^? to grease. [jpot* 
potnlliec ^? to perspire, -.y, vid, 
potoczek ^ small torrent, 
potocznik "J (botj becabunga. 
potoczllnosc ^, volubility; usual- 
ness, commonness, •ny^ usual, 

common ; mowa *na, the language 

of every-day life, -yc ^f to roll 

away. •»•. sif ^f to stagger, 
potoczyllscie <*? CfigJ fluently. 

-StOSC *i versatility, volubility; 

(mowy) fluency, •sty f voluble ; 

(fizj fluent. 
potok ™ stream, torrent (teiz fig.J 

*Owy f torrent, 
potomliek '^ descendant, •nosc^, 

•-Stwo "J posterity, descendants pi. 

'«'StW0 po mieczuy male issue. 

•-ny f coming, posterior, 
potonllac ^? to be drowned, get 

drowned. •^li, they all got 

drowned. 
potop " deluge, -.ic ^^ to drown. 

'••' sif, vid. potonac. 
potracllac, -cic^f to push, thrust; 

(o ceniej abate. *.enie ^ push; 

fceny) abatement. 
potracic ^f to lose, be deprived, 
potrafic^?^ to be able to do, know, 
potraw "^ after-grass, after-math, 
potrawlla ^, dish, mess. -ka^. 

ragout. 
potrlloic ^* to triple, treble. 

•ojenie 1 tripling. -.6i*nie «? 

triply, <*6jny f triple, threefold. 



206 



pocyooiiu 



potrllOCllU, A'OSZQ **? by llttie HncJ 
little. 

potmdzic ""f to fatigue (all . . .)• 
•» sie ^r to exert oneself; (do 
kogoj to come to see a person. 

potrwac "^^ to last (for some time). 

potrwozllenie " consternation, 
alarm. -»ony f disturbed, con- 
founded, dismayed. * 

potrzasllac, •nac ^? to strew, 
powder; shake. *» •» gtowa, to 
shake one's head. 

potrzask "^ spxinge, snare. i*ac ""f 
to crush, destroy. 

potrzeblla^, necessity; need, mi- 
sery; want; necessaries j)Z.; lye 
w •-ie, to suffer wanit w razie 
•.y, if necessary; •.y zyc'ia, ne- 
cessary of life. -*a "^^.^ it is ne- 
cessary. *.a hedzie, it will be ne- 
cessary. *.a %^o, it was necessary, 
-•nicki ^ person being in want 
of many things, ••nie ^} neces- 
sarily. *.nyf necessary. •«owac'^^ 
to need, want, -.ujacy f neces- 
sitous. •. •» "^ man without means. 

pOtrzeC, vid. pocierac. 

potrzecie '^} thirdly. 

potrzos "'i fornj reed-sparrow. 

potrzymac ""f ? to hold for a while; 
last, continue. 

potulllnosc ^, pliableness , meek- 
ness. «*.ny ^ meek, pliable. 

poturbowallc ^f to trouble, alarm ; 
give a person a drubbing, -.nie "J 
alarm, trouble ; drubbing. 

potwallrca "^ calumniator, slan- 
derer, •.rczy ?^ calumnious, de- 
famatoryo •.rz ^, calumniation, 
slander. ~rzac^?^ to calumniate. 

potwierdzllac, ~ic '"^ to confirm, 
••enie "I confirmation, ratification. 

potw||6r'^ -^-ora ^, monster prodigy. 

pOtwornllOSC *", monstrosity, mon- 
strousness. -^y ^ monstrous. 

potworzyc "^f to form. 

p6ty, vid. pdtad. 

potyllczka *", fight, combat, *.kac 
si§ ^ to stumble ; fight, •-kanie 
sig \ fighting, combat. 



powiazac 

potyrac ""^ to waste; ill-treat. 
«• sie ""X to wander about, stroll. 

pouczallc '"'f to instruct, inform, 
'"'jacy " instructive. 

poufallle ^? confidentially, fami- 
liarly. <*,lic si§ '"X to become 
familiarised. ~tosc ^, familiarity, 
intimacy; familiarities 2?2. "^-ty* 
familiar, intimate. 

poufnllie *^? in private, intimately. 
-*.y ^ private, confidential. 

poumierallc ""f to die off. -li, 
they all died. 

powab^ charm, grace, •-nosc^, 
charmingness, gracefulness; at- 
tractiveness. -*.ny ^ graceful, 
gracious, charming; attractive. 

powallchac "^^ to smell at. 

powaga ^, reputation; authority j 

powa? '^ wind-fall. [dignity. 

powala^, ceiling of boards. 

powalac ^" to dirt, soil. 

powalllenie ^ throwing down, 
prostration, --ic ■"? to knock 
down , throw down. -» •» sif ""T 
io fall (down). [wither. 

powarzyc ^" (o mroziej to fade, 

powasnillenie 1 disunion, discord. 
m,c ^" to set at variance, •c 
sif "^r to fall out with. 

powaipiewallc '^^ to doubt, ques- 
tiont -►nie "J doubting, question. 

powazllac '^" to esteem, respect, 
'-^auie "J esteem, respect. *.ny ^ 
grave, earnest; important, of 
consequence. *»yc Big '^f *<* 
venture, dare. 

powfdrowac '"V' to wander to. 

powetowallc ^? to make up for a 
thing, make good, compensateo 
«*nie "J reparation, compensation. 

powiallc ^^ to blow, •-nie "J blow- 

powiadac, vid. powiedziec. [ing. 

powiadomillc """ to inform, com- 
municate, '•enle ^ information, 
advice, -wony " advised. 

powiastka*", short story. 

powiat "; district, -.owy f of a 
district. [thetc 

powiazac'*'?' to tie Call): tie toge- 



powi6 

powillc, •'jac^? to swathe, swaddle; 
be delivered (of a child), •.cie ^ 
swaddling; delivery; swaddling- 
cloth. 

powidlleika pi, electuary, -.tapl., 
pap, marmalade. 

powiedziec '"" to say, tell. 

powieka^, eye-lid. 

powifkszllajacy? enlarging; mag- 
nifying. -*.ac, *yc ""^ to enlarge, 
augment; magnify; heighten, raise. 



powroz 



207 



818 



to augment. <«eili6 



augmentation ; increase. 

powiemi'lca *", female confidant. 
•-czy " confidant's, •.k ^ con- 
fidant. 

powierzchlinia ^, surface, super- 
ficies. '•'OWIIOSC *» auperficialness; 
exterior, appearance, •-owny " 
superficial. 

powierzy6^f^ to intrust, confide. 
m, Icomu cOy to intrust one with. 

powiesllc ^, romance, novel, •-cio- 
pisarz " novelist, novel writer. 
-"Ciowy ^ narrative. 

powiellsic ^? to hang up, hang, 
•-szadio ^ fdo garderobyj rack, 
••szenie ^ hanging. 

powietrzL'e " air ; weather ; pesti- 
lence; uzyd *.a, to take the air; 
na wolnem *.ti, in the open air. 
•nia \ •'Okrag "^ atmosphere. 
A'llie, -no "p airily. *.ny ^ airy; 
(podrdz) aerial. *.oinierz ^ aero- 
meter. *.ostup ^ column of air. 

powiew ^ slight blast of wind, 
light breeze, •ac '^V'^ to flutter, 
float; (CO lub czemj agitate. «».ny " 
Co wietrzej fair; floating. 

powlezc ^^ to convey to, carry to. 

powijallc, vid. powic. «»k "^ swath- 
ing-band. *me 'J swathing. 

pOWiklallC ^? to entangle; CfigJ 
complicate, -^.c sif ^f to be en- 
tangled, •-nie ^ entanglement. 

powinllien " obliged; he ought. 
-ienem I ought, •-nose ^, duty, 
obligation, ^nj ^ due; bound, 
obliged. [kin, related. 

powinowallctwo ^ affinity, -ty " 



powinszowallc^? to congratulate. 
*nie " congratulation. 

powisle ^ the valley of the Vistula* 

powitallc ^" to salute, welcome. 
-Iny ^ of salutation, •riiie 1 sa- 
lutation, welcome. 

powlllec, -tbczyc "^'^ to covet 
with, overlay; m.m,po3ciel, to put 
fresh linen (on a bed), ••toczka '', 
pillow-case, tick, -^toka^i cast*, 
cover, bedtick; integument. 

pow6d ^ motive, cause, occasion ; 
(jurj plaintiflf. ^.ka ^ female 
plaintiff. 

powodliliwy^guiJable. *ny* -"* 
/con, leader, •^owac ""^ to cause, 
occasion, induce, m, « sif '"Vfcz^^J 
to be governed by. •'ijjacy * 
inducing. •.-* si?, being governed. 

pow6dz ^, inundation, flood ; ffig.J 
multitude, planty. 

powodzllenie 'J prosperity ; success. 
*ic sif, powiesc si^^f to fare, 
do (well, ill) ; succeed ; duhrze mu 
sif -»i, things go well with him. 

pow6dztwo ^ 0'wr.> suit, action. 

pow||6j ™ fbotj bindweed •.oj- 
nik'^ swathing-band; ^6oU bur- 
dock. 

powolllac, -srwac """ to call ; fnaj 
to appoint to. '•^anie 7 vocation ; 
profession, calling, business. 

powollli "? little by little. «>nosc ^, 
indulgence, compliance; meek- 
ness ; slowness, --ny " indulgent, 
compliant; slow; tractable. 

powonienie ^ smell, sense of 
smelling. 

powl|6z ™ coach. *.ozic ^^ to 
drive (a coach). «>ozowy ? car- 
riage ... 

powrliacac, -dcic '*^r'" to return, 
come back; restore. '«'6cenie "? 
reddition, restitution. [band. 

powr6sto " straw -rope, straw- 

powr6t ^ return, returning; «** 
do domu, return - home ; z paw- 



rotemy on returning, 
turnable. 
powr<3z ™ '^ord, line. 



'iiy 7 re- 



208 -powrozmctwo 

powroznillctwo 7 rope -maker's 
trade. *.k "7 rope-maker. 

powsciag"!? restraiat. *ac, •'n%c^" 
to moderate, retain, restraia. 
•••' sig ""f (^ czemj to abstain 
from. •'liwosc ^, abstinence, 
temperance, --liwy ? abstinent, 
moderate. 

powstallc, -wac '^? to get up, to 
rise ; to inveigh ; take rise, arise. 
•'Ilie ^ arising; insurrection, 
uproar. -^niec ^ insurgent. 
-^nozy ? insurrectionary. «»nski " 
insurrectionary, insurgent 

powstrzymaiic ^? to retain, re- 
strain. *c sif'^T to abstain from. 
•.nie ^ inhibition, restrainment, 

pOWSZechllnosc ^, universality, 
generality. •ny " universal, 
general, common. 

powszedllniosc *", vulgarity, com- 
monness, •.niec ""^ to become 
common. «».iii ^ every-day, com- 
mon, trivial ; dzien -*ni, working 
day, week-day. 

powtllajzac, «-6rzyc ^? to repeat, 
reiterate, -.arzanie, 6rzeiiie 7 
repetition, •-bre <*? secondly, in 
the second place. •.6mie ^} re- 
peatedly, -bmy " repeated. 

powtykac ^" to put in (one after 
another). 

powylatywac *"? to fly out. 

powyzej ^ above. 

poza^, attitude, carriage, m, P^ 
beyond, over. 

powzillac, -'asc "^^^ (mysl etc.) to 
take up; have, g%t\m,m, nadziejf^ 
to hope. «.§cie.7 fzamiaruj ta- 
king; getting. 

pozahierac ^f take away (all . . .); 
-> znajomoici z kim^ to make ac- 
quaintances with ... 

pozabijac "^^ to murder, slay, 
butcher (many). 

pozac ""^ to mow off. 

poiadailc ^" to desire, to wish for. 
••iiie "? desire, -.ny " desirable. 

pozadliwilie «? longingly. *08C *i 



poziomowad 

lust, greediness, covetousnesa. 

*y« covetous, longing; desirable, 
po^alic sig *T to complain; have 

pity. 
pozaiollwac ^? to pity, take pity 

on ; fczegoj to be a niggard of .. . 

••waiiie 7 pity, compassion; 

•"Wania godny, lamentable, piti- 
able, 
pozamiejsklli f (being) outside the 

town; wycieczka ^.a, rural ex- 
cursion, 
pozaoczy ^^ behind the hack, 
pozar "7 fire, conflagration, -ny? 

fire ... [devoured, 

pozarllcie 7 devourment, -.ty ? 
pozartowac "^ to joke for a while, 

make merry with ... 
pozasinzhowy f private, 
pozawierac , to shut, close, 
pozawracac '"" Cgiowy) to craze, 

turn the brains of . . . 
pozazdroscic ^f fczegoj to envy, 
pozbawillac, --c ^" to deprive of. 

-' -^ si§ ^r to be deprived of, lose. 

-^enie 7 privation. 
pozhierac '"f to pick, gather, 
pozbyllc si§, -.wac si§ ^ -•d, 

-ywac ^" to get rid of. *cie > 

getting rid. 
pozdrllawiac, *oj^c^" to greet, 

salute. •'Owienie 7 salutation, 

greeting , compliments pi.', « -w 

anielskie, angelus. 
pozegnalic "^^ -c 8i§ T to bid 

farewell (to). •-Iny ^ parting, 

farewell. '»>nie 7 leave-taking, 

farewell, 
poienic ^f to marry (one after 

another). [vourment. 

pozerallc^" to devour. -~iii8 7 de- 
poz^llcie 7 mowing (oflO. 
pozew ^ citation, summons pi. 
pozielenillec ^ to become green, 



to grow green. 



to green. 



pozierac "? fnaj to look at; 
glance at. 

poziom ™ horizon; level, plane, 
•.0 ^? horizontally. ~osc ^, hori- 
zontality. «owac '"^ to level 



poziomowame 

^owanie'j levelling, levellisation. 
•».y ^/ horizontal. 

poziomkiia ^, strawberry, •-owy^ 
strawberry . . . 

poztllacac, -ocic ^? to gild. *a- 
cany " gilt, --ocisty " glittering, 
shining, -.ot?. ^, gilding, ^-otka ^, 
gold-leaf. 

poznaJiC, -^wac ^"f to understand, 
know ; recognise ; make the ac- 
quaintance of ; perceive, -csie^r 
(z kin) to become acquainted 
■with, ^jomic ^?^ to familiarise, 
acquaint; (kogo z Mm) introduce. 
m, ^ sie '^T to get acquainted. 
A-jomiehie 7 f^ ^if^J introduction, 
acquaintance ; f'z czem) familiari- 
sation, -.nie^ knowledge, under- 
standing; recognition; dac komu 
do •'Ilia, to hint to a person. 

p<3zii!lic sie ^f to be late, be be- 
hind time. -.Q "? late; do *.a 
fw noc), till a very late hour. 
•<OSC^, lateness, -.y ?■ late. 

pozoga*i arsoa, incendiarism. 

poz6il!cic ^" to make or dye 
yellow, •.kty " turned yellow, 
•knac, •'kniec ^? to grow or 
turn "yellow. 

poziidr "^ (external) appearance; 
pretence, pretext, -omosc ^, 
seemingness, speciousness. *.or- 
ny? specious, seeming; apparent, 
ostensible. 

pozostailc, --wac '^V' to stay; re- 
main ; be left. «»tosc ^, remain- 
der, rest ; inheritance, succession. 
*iy_ ^ remaining; survivor, 
•wic ""^ to leave (behind). 

pozowac^^ to sit (to the painter). 

pozrzec, vid. pozerac. 

pozllwac, -y»7ac^^ fdo sadu) to 
summon, sue at law. 

pozwiialac, --olic ^f to allow, 
permit ; agree. •. - sohie, to take 
the liberty. *olenie ^ permis- 
sion, leave ; miec •- •., to be per- 
mitted, be allowed ; za •oleniem, 
by your leave; prosid o ••, to 
beg leave, 

Cz^i polsTcO'angielsIca, 



pragnienie 209 

pozyllc ^" to live (for some time), 
•-cie 7 intercourse; conduct of life. 

pozycya *", situation; (^7?u7Jposition. 

pozycz'iac, *■ yc ^^ fkomu) to 
lend; f^od /cogro^ borrow, -eilie 7 
(komu) lending ; (od kogo) bor- 
rowing. *rka ^, loan; zadagnad 
-vke, to make a loan, •-kowy'^ 
loaii ... [acquire. 

pozyskac '"'^ to gain, get, win: 

pozytilecznie "? usefully, advan- 
tageously; jest *-•. fto uczynic)^ 
it is useful (^to do so), •'ecznosc \ 
usefulness, utility, •.eczny " use- 
ful , advantageous , profitable. 
«^ek ^ utility; advantage. *ko- 
"Wac "^^ (z czego) to make use of. 

pozytyw '^ chamber-organ, -ka * 
barrel-organ. 

pozytywiia ^, fw fotografU) posi- 
tive, --ny f positive. 

pozywac, vid. pozwac. 

pozywilic ^^ to nourish, feed, 
•-ienie ^ nourishment, food, 
•.nose ^, nutritiousness. *ny " 
nutritious, nourishing. 

prababllczyn, -in f great-grand- 
mother's. *.ka ^, great- grand- 
mother. 

prac ^f to wash; Cfig.) cudgel. 

praclla^, work, labour; composi- 
tion ; trouble, '^odawca ^ em- 
ployer. 

pracowllac ^^ to work, labour. 
•-ac na chleb, to labour for one's 
bread ; cipko *. •, to work hard, 
•icie <^ industriously. *it08C ^» 
laboriousness, industry. *ity ^ 
laborious, industrious. *.nia ^, 
working-room. •. <• chemiczna, 
laboratory, -nica ^, work- wo- 
man, -nik "' worker. 

pracz " washer, -yk ™ washing- 
macl^ne. *ka^, washer- woman ; 
washing. 

prad "^ stream, current. 

pradziad ^ great-grandfather. 

pragnijac '"f to long, desire; be 
thirstyt •.acy? desirous. *ieilie7 
thirst; longing, desire. 



SlO praktyczno56 

praktyczllnosc ^, practicalness. 
«*'Iiy ^ practical. 

praktyk ^ practicioner; practi- 
cal man. ••a^, practice; (u ad- 
woicatoivj clients pi.) (u lekarzyj 
patients pi. -ant '^ practitioner. 
«*OWac '"V' to practise. 

praiat "^ prelate. -»iira ^, prelacy. 

praljlnia^, laundry, wash-house. 
«.Ilie r washing. 

pram, vld. prom. [forefather. 

praojciec "5 progenitor, ancestor^ 

praslla ^, press ; print, impression ; 
dac pod -%.§ , to ■ put in print, 
bring out; fdzieloj jest pod •.a, 
. . . appears in print ; <«.a dru- 
fcarsfca, printing-press, •-owac^f 
to press; Chielizne) iron. *,o- 
wanie 7 fbieliznyj ironing; pres- 
sing. •'Owy " press ..., of the 

^ press, -.ulec ™ ironing-board. 

prasnik, vid. przainik. 

praszczur "^ great great-grand- 
father, great great-grandson. 

pratek 'J switch, rod; knitting- 
needle. 

prawdlla^, truth; straw-plate; do 
--y? indeed? do -»y, in good ear- 
nest; nie •.a? is it not so? to 
•a, that is true; -a, ie ... it is 
true that . . . 

prawodomdwnllosc ^, love of 
truth, veracity, -y f veracious. 

prawdopodobliienstwo 7 proba- 
bility, likelihood, '•.iiy? probable, 
likely. 

praw'dzillwie "? indeed; really. 
-•■WOSC^, veracity, truth, --wy^ 
true; real. 

prawic "^^ to discourse; •» mora- 
ty, to read lecture. 

prawica*", right, right hand. 

prawiczllenstwo ^ virginity, -.ka ^, 
virgin. 

prawidto^J Cnarzpdziejmler ; rule, 
recept ; boot-tree, -.wo «■? regu- 
larly, correctly. -WOSC*", regu- 
larity, correctness, -wy " regu- 
lar, correct. 



precz 

prawie *? nearly, almost. 

prawnllictwo 7 jurisprudence, 
science of the law. '^iczo ^"^ 
juridically, •.ie "-? by right, in 
justice; lawfully, legally, •rik'^ 
jurist, jurisconsult. -*0SC ^, law- 
fulness, legitimacy. *.y ^. legiti- 
mate; legal, of laws; juridical. 

prawnnllczka ^, great-granddaugh- 
ter, -vk ^ great-grandson. 

prawo 7 law; right; statute; 
jurisprudence, science of the law. 
*. mocniejazego , right of the 
strongest; z prawa,' by rights 
na m,^ to the right hand, on the 
right; •. cywilne^ civil law; ^ 
miedzynarodowe , law of nations; 
<* wojenne, martial law; » zwy- 
czajowe, common law ; stanowic -*, 
to give laws ; siuchad prawa , to 
go to law. -dawca "^ lawgiver, 
legislator, ^-dawczy ^ legislative, 
law-giving, -.dawstwo 1 legis- 
lation, legislature. '^'luocnosc ''^ 
legality, -rnocny ^ legal, valid 
(in law). *»sc ^, honesty, recti- 
tude, probity, ^-wac si§ ""T *<> 
plead, carry on a law-suit. 

prawo stawny^ Russian orthodox. 

prawowiemllosc ^, orthodoxy, 
•.y ^ orthodox. *.y "^ believer. 

prawollwitOSC ^, (dzieckaj legiti- 
mateness; hereditary right, ■•wi- 
ty ^ rightful, legai, legitimate, 
-^znawstwo \ 'jurisprudence, 
science of law. 

prawy ^ righteous, upright, right; 
honest; real.' 

prazkowany ^ stripped, streaky. 

prazlluclia ^, porridge, •.yc ^" to 
roast, grill; fry (in a pan); (iig.) 
fire upon, shoot ; (o sloncuj burn. 
«.«. sie ""X to be roasted. 

prebenda \ benefice , prebend, 
-.rz ^ beneficiary, prebendary. 

prf cik ^ switch, rod ; (hot.) sta- 
men {pi. stamina), —owy " sta« 
minecus. 
precz \ begone! 



predestynacya 

predestynacya *i predestination. 

predklli , quick, brisk, swiftjspeedv, 
agile; overhasty, rash, -.o **? 
quick, swiftly ; co prfdzej, as quick 
as possible. *.0SC ^, quickness, 
swiftness; hastiness, rashness. 

prefekt "IJ prefect. [cards). 

preferans '^, preference (game at 

prfglla ^, stripe, streak; callus, 
callosity, -owany, •owaty , 
stripped, streaky. 

pr^^erz '^ pillory. 

prekluzya^, (jur.j foreclosure. 

prelegent '^ lecturer, reader. 

preliminaryapi., preliminaries j>Z. 

premia ^, premium, prise; insu- 
rance-money. 

premimellrata ^, subscription, 
•-rator^ subscriber, •-rowac*'" 
to subscribe. 

preparat ^ preparation. 

pret ^ pole, stick; m» miemiczyj 
surveyor's stafi'. 

pretenlldent ^ pretender, claimant. 
^m. do tronUf competitor for the 
throne. <vsya ^, claim, title, pre- 
tension ; roscic *-sye, to lay claim, 
-^syonalnosc ^, pretentiousness, 
••syonalny ^ pretentious. 

pretor "^ pretor. -.yanski f pre- 
torian. 

prewet '^ neciessaries pl.^ privy. 

prezenllcik '^ small gift, present, 
-t " gift, present. *tacya ^, 
presentation. <»towac ^" to pre- 
sent, represent; CmilJ present 
(arms). 

prezes " president, chairman, 
••owac ^f to be chairman, pre- 
side, -.owski f of chairman, 

prezllnosc ^» elasticity, •.yc^" to 
stretch, strain. *-«• 8i§ ^ to 
stretch, 

prezydenllcya *", presidency, presi- 
dentship, ^t ^ president. 

prezydliOwaC, vid. prtzesowaS. 
•-lijacy ^ chairman, •yum "J 
presidency 

proba^, experiment, trial; fdriu- 
koTAkaJ jpTOoi; (ziota^ arebraj te'^t, 



procliowy 211 

touch ; (toicarowj sample, pattern; 
•. ognia^ trial by fire ; na j?rd6^, 
for trial. 

probiellrczy f kamien *r •,, touch- 
stone. *.rstwo "I art of assaying, 

Vdocimastic art. -^rz ™ assay er; 
(fig J test. 

pr6b!Ika ^, specimen; (towarowj 
sample, pattern, ••ny " of trial, 
trial ... 

problemat"^ problem, •.ycznie'^l^ 
problematically, •-yczny^roble- 
raatic(al). 

probolistwo "J parsonage, parish ... 
•-SZCZ "^ parson, clergyman, pro- 
vost. •. •*. szczowski ^ parson's, 
provost's. [faste. 

pr6bowac ^" to try; fsmakowacj 

pr 66, vid. pruc. 

proca^, sling, swing. 

proceder ™ business, profession. 
•-Owy ^ of trade ; podateJe --owy, 
tax paid for carrying on tax. 
••■iiiacy ^ manufacturing, •.■ara ^. 
proceeding. 

procent "^ interest, percentage; 
dac Cpieniadze) na *., to put out 
at interest ; przynosic pipe •."a, to 
bear interest at the rate of 5 per 
cent. -»owac ^^ «*"* sig ^f to 
yield interest. 

proces ^ lawsuit, action; (cliem.) 
process ; wygrac •-, to gain a cause; 
•. karny, criminal cause. -*.jwac 
sie '"X to plead, carry on , i law- 
smt. •.owy?' of a lawsuit; konzU 
•-owe, law-costs, charges of &. 
law-suit. [ny f processional. 

procesylla ^, procession. *onal" 

procll'^ dust; powder, gun-pow' 
der; <* strzelniczy, gun-powder; 
ffigjstrzelac bez •.u, to boast, brag. 

pr6chn||ica 5 mould, vegetable 
earth, •.iec *^ to rot, putrefy, 
•ieiiie ^ fkoidj cariee. <*o \ 
rotten wood. 

procliowllnia \ powder-mill, •.ni- 
ca, -"iiiczka ^, powder-horn, 
'►llik'^ gun-powder-maker. -.y^ 
powder , . . 



212 



procz 



pr6cz ^'^ except, but. m, tego, 
moreover, besides. 

produkijcya ^, productiveness, 
-cyjny ^ productive, -•owac '^? 
to produce. *. •. sig *'T ffis-J 
parade, show ofif. 

produkt ^ produce, product. 

profanilacya *", profanation, *o- 
wac ^f to profane, desecrate. 

profesor ™ professor, -.ka*", fe- 
male teacher, professoress; (fam.) 
professorate, -ski f professorial, 
•"Stwo ^ -profesura ^, lecture- 
ship, professorship, 

profesyli'a \ profession , trade ; 
z -vi, by trade, -^onista ^ crafts- 
man, handicraftsman. 

profil "J profile. 

profitka *", glass ornament for 
candlestick, 

prdg "^ threshold, sill; cascade, 
cataract; (fig.) progi pi., home. 

prognostyk '" prognostic. 

program, ~at "^ programme. 

projekL'cista '^ projector, projec- 
ting spirit; castle-builder, --t "^ 
project, scheme. *.towac ^" to 
project. 

prokurlla ^, procuration, procura- 
tory, procuracy, -ator ™ attor- 
iiey; public prosecutor ; (wAngliiJ 
Attorney-General. * -i^atorski 7 
attorney's, procuratorial. «*.ator- 
Stwo ^ attorneyship , proxy, 
•-ent^ confidential clerk, autho- 
rised agent. [poletariat, 

prohtaryllusz'" proletarian, -.at"^ 

prolog "; prologue. 

prom "^ ferry-boat. 

promenada*", promenade. 

promieiln ™ beam, ray. -^nic 
sif "^r '^niec '^f to radiate, emit 
rays, -^niejacy" shining, radiant, 
•nienie ^ radiation, -nisto "■? 
radiantly, •-nistosc ^, brightness, 
radiateuess. •-nisty " radiated, 
radiant. 

promoiicya ^, promotion, advance- 
ment, -vwowac^? to graduate, 
advance. 



prostopadly 

promyllczek ™ small beam, •.k ^J 
small beam (ray); ^/tgr.^ glimpse, 
gleam, 

propagi!anda^, propaganda. -i»o- 
wac '^^^ to propagate. 

propinacya^, tap-house. 

proponowac "^^ to propose. 

prop orcylla^, proportion. «.onal- 
nosc *", proportionality. *'01ial- 
ny ^ proportional , commensur- 
able, 

proporzec "^ banner, standard. 

propozycya i, proposition, 

proroilcki, -.czy " prophetic(al). 
-Ctwo " prophecy, -.k ^ pro- 
phet, -.kini*", prophetess, •-ko- 
wac ^^ to prophecy. 

prosba^, entreaty, request. 

prosciullchny , '^tki f quite 
straight, 

prosillak " *-§ "J young pig, suck- 
ing pig, -vc sig '"'^ to farrow, 
pig. -"-ecy ^ of young pig, piggy. 



prosic 



(o co) to pray, beg, 



ask, request, entreat ; invite, bid. 
•< sig ^r to pray instantly, entreat; 
request, 

prosilo" millet. -.6wka^, miliary 
fever, -owy f miliary. 

prospekt "^ prospect. 

prost «f ty -v, straight; frankly, 
in plain terras, 

prostallcki " loutish, churlish. 
-^Ctwo ." rusticalness , rusticity, 
churlishness, '^czek '^ simple, 
homely man. •.czy ^ simple, 
homely. *k "^ churl, -.kowaty ? 
illbred, unmannerly. 

prosto "? directly, straight; po 
prostu, simply ; frankly. 

prostolldusznosc ^, upright, dis- 
position , straightforwardness, 
'•duszny " upright, honest, 
-kat , rectangle, -.katny * 
rectangular, -.padia *", (mat.) 
perpendicular. ~padle **? verti- 
cally, perpendicularly. <»pad- 
losc^, perpendicularity, '^pad- 
iy ? perpendicular, verticaL 



prestos 6 

ifcSC ^» Btraightness, uprightness. 
<kta ^, naturalness, simplicity ; 
silliness. «^wac^? to straighten, 
set upright. 

prosty " straight; (hat) right; 
simple, plain ; natural, unaflfected. 

prosty tu cya *", prostitution. 

proszliek "^ powder; atom; -^ek 
do zfhow, tooth-powder, denti- 
frice, •'kowac ^" to pulverise, 
powder. 

proszenie'J entreaty, asking; fza 
kimj intercession. 

proszyllc^'f to powder; fo deszczuj 
drizzle; iniegproszy, it snows with 
small flakes. «vnka^, small flake. 

protegollwac ^" to favour, gratify. 
•^wanie^J patronage, favouritism. 
-'Wany '^ protegee, favourite. 

proteina \ Cchem.J proteine. 

protekllcya ^, protection; patro- 
nage. •'Cyjny " protective; 
system -* »., protectionism. •'Cyo- 
nista ^ protectionist, -tor ^ 
protector, patron. -torat "^ 
-^torstwo " protectorate, -tor- 
ka*", protectress, patroness. 

protest^ protest. *.acya*', pro- 
testation, •-ancki '^,'' -^-ant '^ 
Protestant. •.antyzm "^ Pro- 
testantism, ••owac "f to protest, 
make protest; fwekselj protest. 

protokolit ^ protocol, record, 
•^lista "^ recorder, protocolist. 

protomedyk '^ chief physician. 

protoplasta ^ great-grandfather. 

prowadzilenie "3 (fpraxuy etc.) ma- 
nagement, direction ; •. »> ktiazek, 
book-keeping. •.-^-sie'J behaviour, 



prysznic 



213 



deportment. -*ic 



to" lead, 



guide; (ksiazkij keep; Cwojne, 
sprawpj carry on ; manage. -»- -•. 
gospodarstwo, to keep house «> •. 
sie ^r to conduct oneself, behave. 

prowentowy " <* pisarz, steward, 
manager of a farm. 

prowiant "^ provisions pi., vic- 
tuals pi. •-owac ^f to victual, 
provision, -owy ^ victualling, 
provision , . . 



prowincylla ', province, -at " 
head of all the cloisters of a 
province, provincial. — onalny? 
provincial, -onalizm ^ provin- 
cialism. 

prowizor '^ dispenser; * fcosdofa, 
church-warden, -yczny ^ pro- 
provisional. 

prowizya ^, provisions pL, vic- 
tuals pZ.; brokerage, percentage. 

prowokacya ^, provocation. 

proza ^, prose, -icznie "? pro- 
saically, -icznosc *\ prosaical- 
ness. -iczny " prosaic, prosaical. 
-tor, -ik '" prose- writer, prosaist. 

prozba, vid. prosba. [violin. 

prozek ^ small sill; bridge of a 

prozelita "^ proselyte. 

proznia*", vacuity, emptiness. 

pr6znialcki, -czy ? idle, lazy. 
-Ctwo " idleness, laziness. — 
czka*", -k '^ idler, loiterer. 

proziino ^^ emptily, voidly; in 
vain, -nose*", vanity, vainness; 
self-conceit, -nowac^f to lounge, 
be idle, saunter. — nov/anie " 
idleness, sauntering, -ny^empty^ 
void; ffigj vain. [through. 



pruc 



to unsew, unstitch; cut 



pruski " Prussian; .^mur, frame- 
work; ^kivas, prussic acid. 

pruszyc, vid. prdszyd. 

prychac ^'* fo koniachj to snort, 

prycza *", bed of boards. 

prym "^ first place, precedence, 
-arya *i morning- service, ma- 
tins pi. -us ",' the first (of the 
form). 

prymas "^ primate. -owsM ^ 
primate'?, -owstwo ^ primacy. 

prymka *i tobacco for chewing. 

pryncypajit "^ principal, chief, 
head. -Iny " principal, chief. 

prysllkac, -nac ^^^ spout, squirt; 
burst. 

pryszcz, -el " vesicle, pustule, 
blister. -ec ^? to pustulate, 
-eniec '^ Cbot.J clematis, -yc ^* 
to raise blisters. 

prysznic ^ shower-bath. 



214 prywata 

pryivatlla *", private interest. *.ny? 
private. 

prywet, vid. prewet. [matical. 

pryzmllat "J prism, -.owy " pris- 

prza||dek"spinner.«.dka ^, spinster; 
ffigj Fatal Sister; silk- worm. 
•.SC ^^ to spin. 

przasnilik ^^ unleavened bread. 
*.y ^ unleavened. 

przebacziiac , -yc ^f to pardon, 
forgive. «»ajacy, pardoning. *.al- 
ny ? pardonable, excusable, 
-"anie, -enie ^ pardon(ing), for- 
giveness, •.liwosc ^, excusable- 
ness. [speak in a low key. 

przebakiiiwac , '»'nac """ ffigJ to 

przebawic '"? to pass, spend, 

przebiilc, -.jac'^?? to pierce, cut 
tiirough; (pieniadze) recoin; (o 
papierze) blot. •- m, si§ przez . . ., 
to cut or force one's way through . .. 
«*cie ^ cutting through, cut; ex- 
cavation, cutting. 

przebielldz,-'gac"^ to run through; 
fksiazkpj to run over, ^g "^ 
course, run. *.gi pL, artifices pi., 
dodges pi. *.iosc *", cunning, sli- 
ness, craftiness, ^-gty f cunning, 
crafty, astute. 

przebierllac ^" to be fastidious, 
dainty. •. -* palcami, to finger. 
vid. przehrac. *.anie ^ •'HOSC ^, 
ftv jedzeniuj daintiness, vid. prze- 
hranie. *.ny ^ fastidious, dainty. 

przebiezenie 1 running through ; 
marching through. 

przebtagallc '"? to reconcile; 
atone, -^nie "J atonement; re- 
conciliation. 

przebiyskiwac ""^ to shine or 
glitter from time to time ; glitter 
through. 

'przebdg *, bless me! 

przeb6j "^ breaking through; Uc 
na ~, to force one's way. 

przebosc '^f to pierce with horns, 
horn. 

przebrallc ""^ to dress again, dress 
anew; select, pick out; (miarej 
exceed, go beyond. ».c si^ , 



przechwaika 

to disguise oneself, mask; shift 
one's clothes, •-nie "? selection ; 
excess, exceeding. * m. sig 'J dis- 
guise, masking. 

przebmac ^^ to wade through; 
make one's way through. 

przebrukowac "^"^ to pave again. 

przebrzmiec ^f Co tonach etc.) 
to die away, expire. 

pf zebrzydllle'^*? abominably, ^ly? 
abominably. [novate. 

przebudowac ^? to rebuild, re- 

przebudzliac, -'ic ^? to awake, 
wake, arouse. •. •- sie '^T ^o wake, 
•-enie " awakening. '' 

przebyllc, -wac^'/?^ to make one's 
abode (somewhere); ("Ji kimj have 
intercourse with; pass, cross; 
overcome, endure, •-cie ^ pas- 
sing, passage, -wanie ^ abiding. 



przec 



to press. 



[strain. 



przecedzl'ac, -^ic ^? to filtre, to 

przecenillac, -.c ^? to overrate, 
-^enie T overrate. 

przechadz'Iac sie ^f ^^ take a 
walk, gp for a walk, -^anie sie ^ 
walking, -^ka ^, walk, stroll; 
isc na -vkf, to go for a walk, to 
take a walk. 

przechllbd "^ passage ; privy, -.od- 
ni^' passable; transitory; (gram.) 
transitive, -^-odnia ^, passage. 
-odowy ^ transit . . . ^.odzenie ^ 
passing, crossing, •-odzic '^^V' 
to pass by; pass through, cross; 
exceed, surpass; pass away; (do 
nieprzyjacie la J go over, •.odzien'7 
passer-by. 

przechowllac, •ywac '^f to pre- 
serve, keep ; conceal. -. -* sif "^ 
to be in hiding, abscond, -allied 
preservation, keeping; conceal- 
ment, -vywacz '^ concealer, 

przechrzllcic ^"^ to rebaptise; give 
another name, rename. •- •. sie^f 
to take another name, •.ta ™ 
convert, neophyte. 

przechwalllac sif ^f to boast, 
talk big. •.ika *", menace ; boast- 
ing, bragging. 



przechylac 

przechylllac, *ic ^^ to incline, 
bias. « *. si§ ^r to incline ; (fig.) 
feel inclined to, be prone to; 
(mar.) heel, -enie " bias; (mar.) 
heeling, heel. 

przeciac "^^ to cut through, de- 
cide by cutting; (odwrotj cut off. 

przeciag ™ (wojskaj marching 
through; (czasuj period, space; 
(wiatruj draught. -»ac, ^nac ^"? 
to draw through; prolong*", pro- 
tract; march through; (na swoja 
stronpj bring over to one's side. 
*ac wyrazy, to drawl one's words. 
<*» •'C sif '"X to stretch oneself, 
•'anie " protraction; marching 
through, •.ty ^ longish; pro- 
tracted; protracted; protractive. 

przeciazllac , --yc ^" to over- 
charge; overtask. 

przecie, -.z «?<fe? then; yet, not- 
withstanding, however. 

przeciellc, -wkac ^f to leak, trickle 
down, run through. 

przecieilcie " cutting through; 
^0 *ciu, upon an average, -•-tliy? 
average 

przecierac '"f to rub through; 
fret. m. Bi§ '"f (to swieciej to have 
intercourse, with...; fret. 

przecinljac, vid. przecia6. *ek "^ 

(gram.) comma, 
przecierpiec '"^ to endure, tide 

over; suffer to the end. 
przecisllkac, *nac ^f" to press 

through, force "through. *-* 

sie ^ to force one's way through 

the crowd, 
^irzeciw, -^ko ^'^ against; in 

comparison with; opposite (to); 

nit mam nic •-ko <emu, I have 

no objection. 
przeciwdziata'c ^^ to contra- 

veniie, counteract, -.-qiq \ con- 
travention, 
przeciwienstwo *!? contrariety, 

contrast; opposition. 
przeciwilko 1 oppositpside. *.^'*P 

vid.przeciin. «».legle<*? oppositely. 

•-legtosc^i oppositeness. ^leg* 



przeddzied 215 

iy f opposite. *niczka *i (female) 
antagonist, adversary, -^nio "^ 
on the contrary. -»nik '" oppo- 
nent, adversary, •-nosc '', contra- 
diction , contrary ; adversity, 
•.ny ?■ contradictory; opposite, 
opposing, adverse ; opposite, fron- 
ting. *prostokatna *", (mat.J hy- 
potenuse. 

przeciwstawillac, -c'^f to oppose, 
•'enie ^ opposition, contraposi- 

przecknac sif ^r to awake, [tion. 

przecudlfny, -^owny ? charmingj 
ravishing 

przeczllacy ? negative, .-.enie 7 
negation, denial, •.yc ^? to deny 
disown; answer in the negative' 
deny. » 

przeczekac ^f to spend waiting. 

przecznica ^, cross-street. 

przeczullc, -wac ""f to forebode, 
have an inkling of, (nocj to spend 
waking, -^cie ♦ foreboding, pre- 
sentiment. 

przecwlczllac, •-yc ^f to exercise; 
cudgel. *,•- sie '"V *o exercise 
oneself. 

przeczyllszczaCj^scic^fto cleanse; 
(zoiadekj purge. -.SZCZajacy *? 
(med.J aperient, abstergent.'' - •» 
irodek, purgative, aperient, ••sz- 
czenie ^ cleansing; purging; 
lekaratwo na •. •., purgative, laxa- 
tive. 

przeczytalic '"^ to read over, pe- 
ruse, -o'liie 7 perusal. 

przed P'^ before ; in the face of. 

przedallc, -.wac,""? to sell; (fig.) 
betray, -^jnosc^, venality, cor- 
ruptibility, •.jijy ^ corruptible; 
saleable, rendible. •.wacz,<*'WCa™ 
seller. 

przedac, vid. przedymac, 

przedarty " rent. 

przedawnillenie "l (0«»* J limitation, 
•-ony " superannuated. 

przedaz ^, sale, selling. *ny ? 
saleable, marketable, vendible. 

przedbarcze 7 fore-arm. 

iprzeddzien "^ eve 



216 iprzededniem 

przedeiidniem'*? before day break. 
«*'niil% " before rae, in presence of 
me. -wszystkiem «? above all. 

;orzedllg6rze " cape, promontory. 

'-grywka^, prelude. ««Mstoric2- 
ny ^ prehistoric. [wac. 

przedestylowac, vid.. przedystylo- 

przedimek ."^ article. 

przedtOzyCj vid. przekiada6. 

przediu^llac, --ye '"f to lengthen ; 
to prolong, protract. •.anie, 
enie ^ prolongation, protraction. 

przedmielliskif suburban, --scie^ 
suburb. 

przedmiot "^ object ; matter, sub- 
ject. •«'OWOSC ^, objectiveness, 
objectivity, -^owy f objective. 

przedmoscie "i bridge-head. 

przedmowa ^, preface, preamble. 

przedmucliac'^^ to blow through. 

przedmullr ^ ^-rze ^ outward wall ; 
(fig.) bulwark, -^rowy " (being) 
outside the walls. 

przedni " front, fore; excellent. 
-a straz, vanguard. *.osc^, ex- 
cellence, [vest, spring. 

przedn6wek 'J time before har- 

przediiobiedni" forenoon, •.osta- 
tni f last but one. [come to. 

przedllostac sie '"T to arrive at, 

przedostojny , reverend. 

przedi'lpiekle ^ limbo, -.piersien *; 
breast-work, ^^pokoj "^ ante- 
chamber. «»'pokojowy f of ante- 
chamber. <*poltianie7 forenoon. 
•-potopowy " antediluvian. 
*raini§s " fore-arm.- 

przedrilazac, -ozyc ^? to over- 
prize, overrate. 

przedruk ^ reimpression ; pirated 
edition, piracy, •'iwacz, •-owy- 
wacz'^ piratical publisher, -►o- 
wac ''^^ to reprint, reimpress. 
•'Owanie "? reimpression. 

przedrwiwac '"f to rally, ridi- 
cule, m, Bi§ ^r to ridicule each 
other. 

przedrzec ^f to tear asunder, 
rend. «- 8i§ '"T to force one's way 
(through the crowd) , penetrate, { 



przgdzenie 

przedrzesnillac '"'^ to ape, mimic, 
-•anie 'I apery, mimicry. 

przedsifdbiorca"^ contractor, ma- 
nager, undertaker, •-bierczosc ', 
spirit of enterprise, •-bierczy, 
•"biorczy f enterprising, bold, 
•'bierstwo 5 undertaking, entei- 
prise. «»brac, •'Wziac, -wziasc^f 
to undertake, take upon^ at- 
tempt; resolve, •.wzifcie ^ re- 
solution ; undertaking, enterprise. 

przedsillenie ^, -'Onek "^ vestibule^ 
entrance-hall. 

przediisiowie , vid. przedmowa. 
'«'Sll2.bliy ? proceeding the mar- 
riage ceremony; wgfoda -.slubna, 
marriage contract. 

przedstawiilac, 'vc "^f represent; 
remonstrate. «. •. ('kogo komuj 
to introduce a person to another. 
**» si§ ^r to present oneself. 
<*ciel "^ representative, proxy, 
••eilie 7 presentation; CteJ re- 
presentation, pei'formace ; remon- 
strance; (osobyj introduction. 

przedswit "5 dawn, dawning. 

przedtem <*^ before, in advance; 
formerly. 

przedugodL'a ^, preliminaries pi. 
--Iiy, ^-OWjir f preliminary. 

przedwczeilsnie ^} prematurely, 
precociously, ^-snosc \ precocity, 
precociousness. ' -►sny ? prema- 
ture, precocious. 

przedwczoraj "^? the day before 
yesterday, •-szy ^ done the day 
before yesterday. -* •- dzierif the 
day before yesterday. 

przedwiecznosc *i preeternity. 

przedwst^pny " introductory, 
prefatory. 

przedymac '"? to blow through. 

przedystylowallc ^^^ to filter, 
strain, percolate. m.t sie "^f to 
percolate, •-nie \ percolation, 
filtration. 

przfdzlla*", yarn; spinning; Cfig-) 
thread (of life). *alnia, -'arnia'i 
spinning-mill. *eiiie'? spinninge 



przedzial: 

przedzillai " interval , interstice ; 
separation; (wtosow) parting; 
(w wagonie) compartment, ••elac, 
••elic '^f to divide, separate, sever. 

przedzierac, vid. przedrzec. 

przedzierzgljac, •-nac "^ to con- 
vert, transform. ••» sif ^r to 
become, turn. [strains. 

przfdziono " skein of about forty 

przedziurawic ^f to perforate, 
punch. 

przedziwllnosc ^, excellence, supe- 
riority, -.ny ^ exquisite, excel- 

prz§dziwo "J spun yarn. [lent. 

przefarbowac ^? tV> dye again. 

przegadac ^" to outtalk ; to spend 
by talking. 

przeganiac, vid. przegonic. 

przegarnliiac, *ac^? (wtosy'etcj 
to part (one's hair etc.) 

przegaw^dzic '^'f to prattle away. 

przegiilac, -nac^^to bend (back), 
bow. X^cie T bending, bowing. 

przeglad ™ revision, perusal, 
^cza5o^w/no^ review; fwojskaj le- 
view, mustering, ••ac ^" to over- 
look, look over, revise; review, 
muster; revisal. ** sif '"V ("^ 
lustrze) to look or gaze at oneself, 
-►acz ^ reviewer. 

przeglosowac ^^ to outvote. 

przegnac, vid, przegonic. 

przegnillc ^^ to rot thoroughly. 
*iy f rotten entirely. 

przegon ^, right of driving cattle 
over another's ground; driftway, 
•'ic, '*'? to drive through; out- 
strip, outrun, •'ica ^, water- 
furrow, [to rags. 

przegotowac '^f to boil out, boil 

przegriiac, --ywac ^^ to play 
away, lose at play; play before, 
prelude. 

przegrlladzac, -odzic ^? to par- 
tition, -oda, -'ddka ^, partition, 
compartment; shell". 

przegrana *i lost game Cplay); 
(mil J defeat. 

przegrjrwilac, vid. przegrac. ^ra- 
j^cy %' loser, -vka*; prelude. 



przeistocz76 217 

przegryllzac , •'ZC '"? to bide 
through; (fig. J chatF, satirise, 
^-zka, vid. przekaska. [tion. 

przegub ^ instep ; joint articula- 

przelihandlowac ^T to sell; spend 
in trade. *.liolowac '^'\^ to go 
beyond, exceed. -iiTilac ^? to 
squander in debauches, 

przejilac'"^ to take possession of, 
take upon oneself; (listyj inter- 
cept; (fi^.J be piercing. 

przejadac, vid. przejesc. 

przejaw ",' symptom. *-iac si§, 
-^-ic sie "^T to appear. 

przejajlzd"^ passage, thoroughfare, 
'vzd.em, by the way. --zdzka ^, 
(^j?OM;o267ny pleasure-drive; /^fconno^ 
pleasure-ride. - * saniavii, sledg- 
ing party. 

przejllechac, -►ezdzac ^? to ride 
through; pass by; (kogoj run 
down. <« m, sif^r to take a drive; 
(honnoj to take a ride. 

przejfCie 7 taking charge of; 
interception. *.. sif 7 (cztm) pe- 
netration (into^. 

przejednaL'c '"" to reconcile, -.nie ^ 
reconciliation, -^-wczy ^ propi- 
tiable. 

przejesc^? (pieniadzej to consume 
in eating; to eat through, gnaw 
through. * si§ ""^r to , overeat 
oneself; (czegoj to nauseate at 
eating . . . ; vid. przekasic. 

przejelizdny, --zdzajacy '^ passing- 
traveller. [ioulish.ly. 

przeigrac ^? to trifle away, spend 

przejmowac, vid. przejac. [form. 

przeinaczyc ^^ to chauge, trans- 

przejrzllaly ^ overripe, -.ec "^^ 
to regain the eye-sight', vid. 
przegladac. •-enie ^ revision, 
perusal, •-ysty " transparent. 

T^TZB}S\\C,vid.przechodzic. *c sif ^f 
to take a walk, •cie " passage, 
passing through, •ciowy f tran- 
sitory. 

przeistllaczac, -'Oczyc ^* to con- 
vert; transform, transfigure. «•• 
si§ ^r to alter, change. 



218 prsekabaei6 

przekabacic ""^ to bring a person 
over to one's side, 

przekas "IJ taunt; sneer; z -.em, 
sneeringly. -.ic^?^ to take lunch, 
^ka ^» collation, refreshment, 
lunch. [nal. 

przekatnlla, -ia ^, (mat.) diago- 

przekaw^czec ^" to suffer to the 
end; to cease suffering. 

przekaz ^5 assignation, check. 
«. pocztowy , money-order, -ac, 
•-ywac^f^to assign; (potomnoscij 
to hViud down. 

przeklac ""^ to curse, execrate. 

przeklad '^ translation, version. 
••ac ^?' to transfer, shift ; (gram.) 
invert; interpose; remonstrate; 
translate; prefer, -.anie^ trans- 
position ; translation ; preference. 
-•nia^, (gram.) inversion. 

przeklilfcie *? devilishly. -.§cie, 
•enstwo "J malediction, execra- 
tion, --fty f execrable, cursed, 
damned, -^inac. vid. przeklac. 
•-inaiiie "5 curse, cursing, dam- 
nation. 

przekt6||c ■"? to pierce through. 
'•'Cie \ piercing, perforation. 

przekomarzac sie ^X to tease, 
banter each other. 

przekonllac, -«ywac ^^ to per- 
suade, convince ; (o zbrodnip etc.) 
convict. <».anie 'J conviction, per- 
suasion; mani to *.*.. I am con- 
vinced of. -►ywajacy, convincing. 

przekop ^ cutting, excavation. 
^ac, -ywac '"f to dig through ; 
dig up, turn up. 

przekor "^ --a ^, na •., no'^.e (Jcomu), 
in spite of, in defiance of. 

przekraczac, vid. przekroczyc. 

przekraplac ^?^ to drip off. 

przekrllawac, -.oic "^f to cut 
through, divid^by cutting. 

przekr^cllac , -.ic '^f to twist; 
(fig. J misinterpret, --anie, -.enie ^ 
distortion; (fig. J misinterpreta- 
tion, misrepresentation, 

przekreslllac, -ic ^? to cross, 
erase. 



przelewa6 

przekrollczenie " crossing; (fig.J 
transgi-ession, violation, -csyc'"? 
(granice etc.) to cross; (fig.) to 

przekr6j "^ profile, [transgress. 

przekrwawienie'J excessive bleed- 
ing, loss of too much blood; 

przekrzyczec ^f^ to outcry. 

przekrzywillac, --c ^^ (twarzj to 
distort ; bend, crook. 

przeksztalcl'ac, -'ic '^^ to trans- 
form, reform, -.enie \ trans- 
formation. 

ptzeknc ^" to forge anew; new- 
coin; (fig.) bring a person over 
to one's side. 

przekup ™ retail-trade. *».ic, •y* 
"Wac , to bribe, corrupt; higgle. 
--ieu ™ huckster, hawker; hyl 
-niem, to higgle, huckster, --ka ', 
huckstress. -iny f corruptible, 
bribable, -.stwo 7 bribery, cor- 
ruption, [overblown. 

przekwitllnac'^^ to wither. *.iy? 

przelac, vid. przelewac. 

przelac "^f to frighten, terrify, 
• sie '^f to be frightened. 

przeladowllac, -ywac^" to over- 
burden, overcharge; transship. 
-»anie -ywanie "i shifting, trans- 
shipment. 

przelai ™ na *, over head and ears; 
across. 

przeiamllac, -.ywac ""? to break 
through, break asunder; (fig J 
break, --anie 1 breaking, frac- 
turing. 

przelanie 7 (jur.) conveyance* 

przelllatywac, -eciec ^^? to fly 
through; pass by. 

przetaz "^ creeping over; passage. 



-ic 



to creep over; pass. 



przelfkllly, *niony^ frightened, 
shocked at. --nac , vid. przelac, 
•'nienie, • •• si§ 7 friglit, terror. 

przelew "^ poiu-ing over ; transfer, 
cession, m. krwi, slaughter, blood- 
shed ; nie m>'ki, there are no jesting 
matters, -.ac ^" to shed, pour 
(over); transfer, convey. 



przeleic 

przelezc, vid. przelazic. [lying. 

przelezec ^^ to spend (the time) 

przeliczilac , --yc ^" to count, 
number; recount, •.yc si§ ^f ^o 
miscount, misreckon. 

przeiknac ^?^ to swallow down. 

przelom ™ breach, rupture. 

przelot ^7 flying through, flight by. 
-em, in a hurry, •ny f fleeting, 
transitory. 

przeiozli'enie , vid. przektadanie. 
--ony ^, &f superior, -^yc , vid, 
przeictadac. 

przeludnillenie ^ overpopulation. 
-"Ony " overpeopled. 

przeiyk IJ gullet, pharynx. *.ac, 
t'id. przeilcnac. 

przemadllry " very wise; cunning, 
•rzaiy ^ overwise, would-be- 
wise. 

przemagallc, vid.przemddz. *jacy" 
overwhelming, overpowering. 

przemakac, vid. przemoknac. 

przeilmarnowac ^" to squander, 
waste, •.marznac ^? to be pene- 
trated with frost, -rmarzyc ^" 
to dream away. 

przemawiac, vid. przemdwic. 

przemillana ^, barter, exchange, 
truck; metamorphosis, transfor- 
mation; na -.an, na -^any, by 
turns, alternately. -*eniac, •'6- 
nic ^?' to transform, to meta- 
morphose. «. «> suknie, to change 
one's cloths, -enienie "J trans- 
formation. m.m, Panskie, trans- 
figuration. •.eniiosc^,changeable- 
ness, variableness, -enny " chan- 
geable, variable. 

przemi§knac ""? to become soft. 

przemierzlllosc *", disgustfulness. 
*.y f disgustful, nauseous. • 

przemierzyc "^ to measure ; (fig.) 
walk through. 

przemieszac ^f to mingle inter- 
mix. 

przenrieszki!ac, -iwac^? to make 
one's abode (somewhere), sojourn. 
M'iwanie « habitation, inhabiting. 



przeniesienie 219 

przemiljac, -^nac ^^f to pass 
away, fleet away; pass by. -.ja- 
jacy ? fleeting, -niony ? past, 
gone. 

przemilczec ""f (o czemj to keep 
a thing in secret; pass over in 
silence. 

przemknac ^"? to shove through. 
-»» sie^j''to steal through. 

przenioc ^, superior force, -a, 
by head and shoulders, by foul 
means. 

przemollczyc ""?" to wet through* 
soak. *.knac ^? to be wet (to 
the skin). *" [master, convince. 

przem6dz '^^ to overcome, over- 

przemorzyc ^^ to starve, *. si§ ""T 
to hunger for a certain time. 

przemllowa *", «'6wienie " haran- 
gue, short speech; miec •-owf, 
to deliver a harangue. -.6wic^^ 
to begin speaking; fdo kogoj to 
address, accost; f do zgromadzeniaj 
to harangue. 

przemoznjiosc ^, superiority, •-y^ 
superior; predominant; powerful. 

przemyllcac "^f to smuggle in. 
*cacz, -'tnik "^ smuggler, contra- 
bandist. -*canie, -^cenie, -'tnic- 
two 'J smuggling, contraband, 
--cany, -cony ^ smuggled, -kac, 
vid. przemknac. 

przemysl ^ industiy; craftiness. 
— owy " industrial, -owe towa- 
rzystwo, polytechnic society. 

przemyslilac, -iwac "^f^ to me- 
ditate, reflect upon; revolve in 
one's mind, -nosc ^, inventive 
faculty, ingeniousness. ^-ny ? 
ingenious, inventive. 

przemyllc, -wac "^^ to wash out. 

przenajllac, -mowac ^? to bribe, 
corrupt." 

przenicowac ""? to turn (a coat). 

przeniellsc ^" to transport, trans- 
fer; carry over; put off; prefer. 
— — sie ^r f^o if^nego mieszkaniaj 
to move, remove; settle abroad 
or down, emigrate, -sienie ^ 
transport. •-- sie ^ removal. 



220 przeniewierca 

przeniewiellrca ^, prevaricator, 
'^'iczy, -rny ? faithless, prevari- 
catory. -.rstwo ^ faithlessness, 
prevarication; -*.rzac sie ""f to 
be perfidious, prevaricate, em- 
bezzle. <*.rzenie sie " malver- 
sation, embezzlement; perfidy. 

przenigdy <^} nevermore, at no 
time. 

przenikjiac, •'iiac ^f to penetrate, 
'►liwosc *", penetrability, permea- 
bility; sharpsightedness. -^liwy^ 
sharp , shrill, penetrating ; pene- 
trable, permeable, •.liwe zimno, 
biting cold, -nienie"? penetration. 

przenocowllac '^V'? to pass the 
night; lodge, -.anie ^ lodging. 

przenosillc, vid przenieSc. '^nypi-, 
transport, transportation; remo- 
val, remove. 

przenollsnia ^, metaphor, figure, 
-^sny ^ portable, metaphorical. 
•"Szenie^ transport, transporta- 
tion. 

przeobra!!zac , --zic ""^^ to trans- 
form, metamorphose. «^zenie "J 
transformation. 

przeoczlienie 'J oversight, inadver- 
tency, •.yc ^^ to overlook. 

przeor "5 prior, -.stwo "i prior- 
ship. 

przeorllac, -srwac "^f to twifallow. 

przepadac, vid. przepaic '^. 

przepalilac, --ic^? to bum through; 
(wodkf) distill; heat a little- 
•-anka^, distilled brandy. 

przepasllac, *ywac ^? to tie 
round, envelop, gird about. 

przepalisc ^, precipice , abyss. 
•SC ^'* to overfeed, -sc ^V^ to 
be lost ; disappear, •-dac za Mm, 
to become foolishly fond of a 
person, •-scistosc ^, declivity, 
steepness, •-scisty, •-stny f de- 
clivous, steep, sloping. 

przepasllac , -ywac '^^ to gird 
about. -,ka ^, band, girdle, belt. 

przepatllrywac, '►rzec^^ to over- 
look, revise; ransack, rummage. 



przepowiedni 
przepchllac , •'iiac ""^ to push 

through. 

przep§dz||ac, -^ic ""f to drive 
through; (czasj spend; (wodkpj 
distill. 

przepelnillac , --c ^f to overfill, 
overcharge. -*.enie "J overfilling, 
glut. *.ony ? overfull, brimful. 

przepiellc, -kac "^^ to roast tho- 
roughly, [much. 

przepieprzyc '"'? to pepper too 

przepierzllenie "J partition, parti- 



tion-wall. 



-yc 



to partition. 



przepilljac, -'C '"f to squander 
away in drink. 

przepitowac '"'? to saw through. 

przepi6rilczy ? quail ... *,ka ^, 
^ornj quail. 

przepis 'y Avriting-copy; order; 
prescription. *,ac, -^-ywac ^^ to 
copy; prescribe, ^-ywacz '^ co- 
pier, transcriber. -*ywanie ^ 
copying. 

przeplllatac , «»'esc '"? to inter- 
weave, interlace; diversify, give 
variety. 

przeptacllac," *ic ""^ to overpay. 

przeplawillac, *c ""? to drive 
through (a river") ; (kruszcej refine. 

przeptokllac, •'iwac ^" to rinse, 
wash off. •.anie \ rinsing, 
washing off. 

przepioszyc "^^ to scare away, 
frighten away. 

przeplyilnac, -^wac '"f to swim 
through or across; flow through; 
sail through. 

przepocic ^f to sweat through, 
soak with sweat. •. sif '"'^ to be 
penetrated with sweat. 

przepolszczyc '^" to translate into 
Polish; transform into Polish. 

przepomllinac, *niec ^? to forget. 

przepona^, diaphragm, midriff. 

przeposcic si§ ^X to fast for a 
long time; hunger, be hungry. 

przepowilladac, •-edzied ^? to 
predict, foretell; ^Ze/ccya> repeat. 
«.adanie, ^edzenie "J prediction, 
prophecy. <«'edni ? predictive. 



"^ to beg 
■-asza- 



przepowiednia 

••ednia*", prediction; foretoken, 
prognostic. [oneself. 

przepracowac si§ '"V to overwork 

przeprilaszac , -osic "" ' "'" 
pardon, apologise for. 
nie, -oszenie ^ -osiny pi.y de- 
pracation, entreaty for pardon. 
z «voszeniem, I beg your pardon. 

przeprawlla <", parsing ovpr, pas- 
sage ; fmiejscej ferry, -iac, *ic ^^ 
to ferry over. •. ^ si§ ^f to pass 
over, come over. 

przeprawowac ^f to squander 
or spend in lawsujts, 

przeprowadzllac, -ic ^^ to trans- 
port, convey over; ffig.J carry 
through; f^do innego mieszkaniaj 
m, m. sif '^r to move , remove. 
«*enie ^ transport, conveyance; 
^/io.^ carrying through. •'inyiJi., 
••ka^, removal, remove. 

przeprzllag ^, relay (of horses); 
changing horses. -*adz, •egac'"" 
to change horses. 

przeprzec ^" to repel; f fig. J hresk. 

przepukUna ^, (med.J hernia, rup- 
ture. 

przepullst^ letting through; vid. 
przewod. «*stka ^, permission; 
passport, -vszczac, ••scic ^^ to 
allow to pass; let through; pardon; 
Cmajatek) dissipate, squander, 
•-szczalny f penetrable. 

przepyllch "^ pomp, splendour, 
show. «i.8zny ^ splendid, pom- 
pous. 

przepycha||c,vi<i. i>rzci>c?iac. -nie 'J 
pushing through. *» *. si^ ^ for- 
cing one's way. 

przepytllac, -►jrwac ^? Cfig.) to 
bolt out, sound ; interrogate suc- 
cessively, --ywac si§ ^f to sound, 
bolt out. [bolt. 

przepytlowac '"^ fmakej to sift, 

przerabliac, '«»ywac ", to hew 
through, cut through. 

przejlrabiac ^?' to work over, 
work anew ; (ztoze) to turn with 
a shovel; (kogo) work upon, 
tamper with a person. 



przesadny 221 

przeracliowallc^'?' to count over, 
-c sif ^r to miscalculate. »iiie 
sie "J misreckoning. 

przerOastac , -'Osc '"? to over- 
grow; (kogoj outgrow, -.astaty ? 
(o mipsiej marbled, streaky 

przerallzac, --zic ^" to piercej 
('fig J overawe, frighten. «*zic 
sif "^T to be frightened, be start- 
led at. •.zenie 7 consternation, 
perplexity, -zony ? frightened, 
stratled. 

przerazliL'wosc ^, frightfuiness ; 
^o gtosiej penetrability, --wy ? 
dreadful; fdla uchaj shrill. 

przerebllel "", -^la^, ice-hole. 

przerilobic, vid.przerabiac. •.6bka^. 
recasting, recast. 

przerOllSC, vid. przerastac. •siy'? 
overrank. 

przerllwa^, breach rupture; lacuna, 
blank; Cfig.J interruption, inter- 
mission; z -^wami, interrupted- 
ly. -'War, -^ywac ""^ to tear 
asunder, rend, interrupt, •.wanie, 
^ywanie ^ Intermission, inter- 
ruption; rupture. *waiiy ^ inter- 
rupted. 

przeryczec ^f to outroar. 

przerysOwac ^? to counterdraw. 

przerzedzllac, -^ic^" to thin, clear. 
-• -v sif ^r to be cleared, be thin- 
ned. 

przerznac '"'? to cut through, m, 
sif ^r to cut or force one's way. 

przerzucllac , -ic ""^ to throw 
through, cast through; fksiazkej 
peruse hastily, run over. ••' sif , 
to go over to. 

przerzynaC; vid. przerznac. 

przesaczliac, -yc^" to oose, filter. 

przesaczliac , -yc ^^ to filter. 
•» •• sif ^r to percolate. 

przesad '^ prejudice,prepossession. 
-nyf prejudiced, full of preju- 
dices. 

przesa!!da^, exaggeration ; affecta- 
tion^aflfectedness. -dny f ex- 
afl:gerative ; exaggerated. 



222 przesadza6 

przesalldzac, -dzic ""^ CroaUnyJ 
to transplant, remove from one 
place to another; exaggerate; 
(row) jump over; surpass, m. 
dzaniel transplantation; exagge- 
ration, -.dzony ^ transplanted; 
exaggerated. 

przesadzac ^^ to prejudge, decide 
by anticipation. 

przesalac, vid. przesoliS. 

przes chilly ^ dry. -,nac ^ to 
get dry, dry thoroughly. 

przescieiac *^f to make the bed 
again; (czemj interpose, place 
between. 

przescieradto "J sheet (of linen). 

przescigllac, -nac ^"'* to outrun, 
leave behind ; *" (iig.J outstrip ; 
overripen. --iy " overripe. 

przesijlac, --ewac ^? to sift, garble; 
bolt. 

przesilladac sie, -.asc si§ T to 
change (horse, carriage, seat). 

przesilladjrwac, ^-edziec '^^ (gdzie 
u kogoj to be always at, keep 
company with; sojourn. «.edziec 

(kogoj to outsit a person. 

przesljianie, -ewanie ^ sifting. 

przesiakllac, '*ii%c ^? to be soak- 
ed, soak. 

przesiedlllac, --ic ""? to remove, 
to settle in another place. «.«> 
Si§ T to emigrate, shift one's 
abode. /».eiiio,«*»* si§^ removal, 
emigration. 

przesiedaioc, vid. prze8iadywa6.T 

przesieka *, r w leaiej glade. 

przesiewiny pi., siftings ;;:. 

przesilljac sig, •'ic si§ '"V to come 
to a crisis. «• erne's crisis, tum- 
ipg-poiht. M «» dnia z noca, 
solsticip. ^ ^ 

pVzesiodtac ""^ to saddle anew. 

przeskilaMwac, •'Oczyc '"^ to leap, 
jump, skip over, •rok *^ leap or 
jump over, gap. 

przesklepllka *i -'ienie ^ arch of 
a window. 

przeskrobac ^" to scrape through; 
do some mischief; do amiss. 



przesta^ 

przesiallc ^? to send, transmit; 
forward, despatch; convey, direct; 
make a bed again. 

przesladowllac ^^ to persecute; 
afflict persistently. •»anie ^ per- 
secution, ••ca "^ persecutor. 
*,Czy f of persecution; perse- 
cuting, -wczyni^, persecutrix, 

przeslagwa^, ("hot J mezereon. 

przesiilaniac, *onic^f to cover, 
hide. [warding. 

przesianie 1 sending over, for- 

przeslepiljc '^^ to overlook, over- 
see. *.enie 1 oversight, inadver- 
tency, slip. ^ 

prz^slica^, distaff. 

przesliczny " wonderfully fine, 
delighting, pleasing in the highest 
degree. 

przesliznac si^'^f'to glide, slide 
or slip through, pass impercep- 
tibly. 

przesiodzic ^? to make too sweet. 

przesionic, vid. przestaniac. 

przesiuchllac, --iwac "^f to exa- 
minte, try (judicially), interrogate, 
-'anie ^ judicial investigation; 
(swiadlcdwj examination. 

przesiuzyc ^f to pass one's time 
in service. 

przesiyliszec si§ ^f to hear wrong, 
misunderstand, •.szenie "J a mis- 
take proceeding from wrong hea- 
ring, misunderstanding. 

przesmierdnac ^^ to be filled 
with stink. 

przesmyk "^ narrow pass, straits : 
isthmus, neck of land. 

przesolic ''^ to oversalt; (jig.) to 
exceed the measure. 

przespac ^^^ to spend by sleeping, 
sleep over; neglect by sleeping. 



Sif 



to take a nap. 



przespiegi, vid. przeszpiegi. 
przespiewac ^^ to sing, sing to 

the end; spend in singing. 
przestallc "^^ to stand for a 

given time; cease, discontinue. 



przestac sig 

leare off. • *. 8i§ ^f (o ptynach 
tic.) to be spoiled ; to overripen. 
•rly ^ overripe. «>nek "^ pause, 
«top, intermission; stay; sign of 
punctuation ; htz *.iikti, unremit- 
tingly, incessantly, •^nie ^ ces- 
sation, discontinuance. 

prz98t%.pi||C^?^ to step, stride over, 
overpass; (prawo) transgress, in- 
fringe, •^enie ^ stepping over; 
transgression, violation, infringe- 
ment (of laws). 

przestarzllatosc ^, obsoleteness: 
•aly f fallen into disuse, obso- 
lete, ^ed '^^ to grow very old. 

przestawalld "^ to consort, have 
an intercourse, keep company 
with; (na cztni) to be content, 
satisfied with. «*nie 1 cessation ; 
(z Mm J intercourse; fna czem) 
contentment. 

przestawillad, ^d ^* to invert, 
transpose. <«eilie ^ inversion, 
transposition. 

przestep "; n>otJ bryony, •ca " 
transgressor, trespasser; criminal. 
*liy f iniquitous ; rok »> •», leap- 
year. A'OWaC, vid. przestapiS. 
••Stwo "^ transgression, trespass, 
delict. 

przestrallcli ^ fright, terror. 



•.fizac, -'Szyc 



to frighten, 



terrify, alarm suddenly. ipSZenie 7 
frightening, terrifying. »*,<«•. 
8i§ ^ fear, consternation, 
przestiilajac, --oic ""f to alter the 
tune of; dress anew, [caution, 
przostroga *", waming.admonition, 
przestronilnie, •no ^ spaciously, 
widely, largely. •^noSc ^, roomi- 
ness , largeness , spaciousness, 
•^ny? roomy, large, ample, spa- 
cious, [through, 
przestrzal ^y na -. through and 
przestrzelldz, -gac '"? to warn, 
caution ; fpraw etc.) keep, guard, 
observe. '*gacz ^ monitor, 
•'ganie "J warning, admonition; 
keeping, observation. A-zenie ^ 
, ,vid. przestroga- ^ 



przeszpiegowa6 223 

przestrzelid ^f to shot through. 

przestrzen^, (infinite) room, space; 
dimension. 

przestndzid ^f to cool, cool down. 

przestwllpr"!? -^orzerspace.room. 
<»OniOSC, vid. przeatronnoic. 

przestygnac ^ to cool down. 

przesa'lnac , -»wac ^? to 'shove 
through," dislocate, m, m. 816"*^ 
to sneak through; pass by. 

przesuszyc ^'" to overdry. 

przeswiadcz!la6, -yc ""^ to per-« 
suade, convince, •enie \ per- 
suasion, conviction. 

przeswidrowallc ""f to bore, per- 
forate, •.nie "? perforation. 

przeswiellcac ^? to shine through. 
-•tny f illustrious, (w tytuiachj 
worshipful. 

przesycllac, -.id ^f to surfeit; 
(chemj oversaturate. •enle ^ 
surfeiting, surfeit. 

przesychac, vid. prze»chn^. 

przesytllac, via. przesiaS, -ka t, 
consignment. 

przessrpllac, «-ywad ^f to pour 
into another vessel; overcharge, 
overfill. 

prze83rt *? satiety, disgust; ai do 
•-tl, more than enough. 

przeszastad ^f Cfam.j to spend, 
squander. 

przeszczekac ^f fvulgj to out- 
talk; outcry. 

przeezczepic ^f to transplant. 

prze8zk||adzac , •'Odsid ^f to 
hinder, prevent, impede. 

przeszkolida^, ob8tacle,hinderance; 
hyc komu na ^dzle, to stand in 
a person's way. -dny f impe- 
dimental, impeditive. «>dzenie » 
hindering, prevention. 

przeszlllo "? upwards of. *.o- 
roczny f last year's. •o§6 ^, 
the past, time past, ^^y ^ past, 
be-gone. [mage. 

przeszperad ^^ to ransack, rum- 

przeszpietlli pl-, spying out, re- 
connoitre. *owac "f to spy out, 
ferret out. 



224 przeszuka6 

przeszukallc ^^ to search tho- 
roughly, to ransack. -».nie 1 sear- 
ching, [to pierce. 

przeszyllc, *wac^'? to sew through; 

przetaczac, vid. przetoczyc. 

przetacznik "IJ fbotj speedwell. 

przetak "V sieve of rush. 

przetanczyc '"^ to dance off; 
waste in dancing. 

przetapiac, vid. przetopic. 

przetarilcie ^ rubbing through; 
("fig. J refinement, ••tnik, vid. 
przetacznik. -^tv " thread-bare. 

przetkilac^ --nac , to interweave. 

przetknac "^"""to stick through; 
prick. 

przettomaczllenie "? translation. 



-yc 



to translate. 



przeto, -^z f therefore, for that 

reason; consequently. 
przetoczyc '"f to roll over; tap 

into another vessel. 
przetoka^, fistula. 
przetopiilc ""^ to melt again, re- 
cast, -enie ^ recast. 
przetorowac "^f fdroge) to beat ; 

(fig.) open. [asunder, break, 

przetracliac , -^ic "^f- to strike 
przetrawiilac, •'C '"^ to digest; 

CfigJ squander, spend; (zyciej 

pass, spend, 
przetrwac ^f to endure; persist 

in; outlast. 

przetrwonic^f to squander, waste, 
przetrzasl'ac, nac ^" to rummage, 

ransack, rake up. 
przetrzebic '"^ (las) to thin, clear, 
przetrzec, vid. przecierac. 
przetrzepac^^ (suknie) dust ; CfigJ 

cudgel; fpacierze etc.) rattle off. 
przetrzymJIac, --ywac ^^ to keep 

long, retain (too long); endure, 

support, bear. 

przetw||arza6, •'Orzyc '^^ to trans- 
form, reform, recast, •-dr '^ form, 

frame, 
przetyllczka *", fnarzedziej piercer ; 

tooth-pick, •-kac, vid. przetknac. 

-"kany " interwoven. [brains, 
przeuczyc sig ^f to overtask one's 



przewiewny 

przewackac ""f to scent out, ferret 
out. 

przewa!!ga *i overweight; prepon- 
derancy , superiority. ••zac, 
-"Zyc '"f to outweigh; (fig.) to 
preponderate, to prevail (over). 
'" -" sie '^r to incline, -^znie *^^ 
preponderatingly. ^zny f pre- 
vailing; powerful. 

przewalliac, ~ic ^f to roll. <«« 
si§ "^r to revolve. 

przew§drowac '^^ to travel over, 
journey over. 

przewillac '^^^^ to blow through; 
(zhoze) fan, winnow. 

przewiadywac- sie ^f to inquire, 
make inquiries. *" [rope. 

przevriasio 'J straw-band, straw- 

przewiazllac, -►ywac '"f franej 
to dress, tie; bind up. «*-•. si^^f 
(czemj to tie about or round, 
-'ka^, band, tie, binder. 

przewillc, -►nac "^^ (dziecko) to 
swathe. «*iiac komu oiogp, to trip 
up a person, -.jac sie, ••nac 
sie *^r to pass away ; ""revolve, 
'•'(lywac, -^dziec *^?' to foresee, 
-vdywanie "J foresight, -.dzenie ^ 
foresight; prudence; to byio *a- 
two do -.dzenia, it might be 
easily foreseen. 

przewiednac ""f to begin to wither. 

przewielebilnosc ^, Wasza m. •», 
Your Hcverence. *.ny ^ highly 
venerable, right reverend. 

przewiercllac, -»ic """ to pierce, 
perforate, bore. [suckle. 

przewlercien ^ (lot.) honey- 

przewiesc, vid. przewodzic. 

przewielltrzac , ••trzyc ^*? to air, 
ventilate, -.trzyc si§ ^f to take 
the air. *.trzailie 7 airing, venti- 
lation, ••w ^ draught or current 
of air. 'vwac, vid. przewia6. 
•-wacz " fanner, winnover. *.w- 
ka^, valve, •.wnosc^, airiness, 
-wny f airy; (fig.) flighty, vo- 
latile- 



przewiezc 

przewlellzc, vid.przewozic. -zienie^ 
transport, conveyance. 

przewifzllisty f notched, •-y- 
wac, vid. przewiazac. 

przewilijac, -.nac, vid. przewU. 

przewinillc ^^?'' to be quilty of, 
commit an offence. -*enie ^ 
offence, fault. 

przewionac, vid. przewiac. 

przewlllekac, *iec, *i6czyc ^? 
to protract, prolong ; (nicj thread, 
••lekac fsiowaj, to drawl (one's 
words). ^ ^ sie ^r to change 
one's clothes, -•.lekle "? diffuse- 
ly, •'lektosc fi prolixity, diffuse- 
ness. -.lekty " prolix, diffuse. 
«»'toka^, delay, adjournment. 

przew6d '^ canal, channel; con- 
duct, guidance. «> pokarmowy, 
oesophagus. 

przewodni " leading, conducting. 
•»a Niedziela, Quasimodogeniti 
(Sunday). *,ca ^, conductress; 
Quasimodogeniti. -»ctwo 1 gui- 
dance, conduct, leading, •-cz^- 
cy ^, chairman, •.czenie ^ presi- 
dentship, presidency. *.czka *i 
conductress. *czy ^ leading. 
-Czyc ^? (zgromadzeniu) to pre- 
side; lead, conduct, -rk 'y con- 
ductor, leader; (ksiailca) com- 
pendium; Cfii'J conductor, -k 
adresowy, directory, -.k kulejowy, 
time-table, railway-guide. 

przewllddzca "^ leader, guide. 
-Odzic ^V'? (mil.) to command ; 
(nad IcimJ treat a person too ri- 
gorously , ill-use ; (przewieii ) 
transport, convey over; (fig.) 
carry through, •iiesc co na sobie, 
to get oneself to do a thing. 

przewll62 "^ transport; passing 
over, passage. *.ozic ^? to trans- 
port, convey (over). *ozxiik ^ 
ferryman , watermann ; carrier, 
•ozowe, •'Ozne ^ passage-money. 
•'OZO'wy ? ferry ..., passage .. ., 
transport . . . ; handel m, •,, transit- 
trade. 

Czj^c polsko-angiiUka. 



przezomy 



225 



przewrllacac, *6cic ^^ to over- 
throw, overturn; (kartej turn 
over. <»acac oczy, to roll one's 
eyes. •.*. sig ^r to fall down, 
tumble down. 

przewrot™ overthrow, subversion. 

przewrotnllosc ^, wrong -headed- 
ness, perversity, ^y ^ perverse, 
wrong, wrong-headed. 

przewrzeszczec ^f to outcry. 

przewybomy f excellent, ex- 
quisite. 

przewyzllka ', surplus, overplus; 
overweight. *.8Zac, •-szyc ^f to 
go beyond, exceed, surpass ; ex- 
cell, outdo. 

przez ^'^ through, throughout; 
across ; during ; by ; out of. •. caiy 
czas, all the time; aam m. sif, of 
his own accord; *» Boga! by God/ 
m, caie zyciCf all my (our, etc.) 
life long; (zroihit to) *- wdtifcz- 
nose, ~ out of gratitude; (zostal 
zabityj »» zolnierzai... by a soldier. 

przezacny ^ highly honoured. 

przeze vid. przez. 

przezegllnac '^^ to cross. -»*» 
8i§ *^r to make the sign of the 
cross, cross oneself. «*nanie " 
crossing. «»« sie * making the 
sign of the cross." 

przezif bilic ^? to chill, make cold, 
•ic 8i§ ^r •-nac ^? to catch cold, 
get cold, •ienie ^ catching cold, 
•tyf one who caught cold, chilly. 

przezierac ^? to look through, 
glance through. 

przezimowallc '"^? to winter, 
hibernate; ^keep or feed during 
the winter.* *.iiie ^ hibernation; 
keeping or feeding during the 
winter. 

przezmian ^ steel-yards. 

przeznaczljac, ••yc '"? to destine ; 
design, -.enie 7 destination ; pre- 
destination, 

przezorllnosc ^, cautiousness, cir- 
cumspection, precaution, pru- 
dence. *ny f caudous, prudent. 

15 



226 



przezrocze 



przezroczlle ^ translucency ; ol»r<w 
w •.n, transparent picture, -.j- 
sto <*? transparently. <«'ystOSC ^, 
tran sparency, pellucid ness. -ys ty, 
•.y ^ transparent, diaphanous. 

przeznllc , -»wac '"^ -w buty, ^ • 
sie ^r to change one's boots. 

przeznllc, -"Wac ^^ Co zwierz^tachj 
to ruminate; chew through. 
'^cie, -^wanie " rumination, 
-vwajacy f ruminant; zwierzfta 
•-wajace , ruminantia , rumi- 
nants "pi. 

przezHwac, *ywac ^?' to give 
another name, to name ; to nick- 
name. '»wac sif ^r to l>e called. 
-^wisko " name, nickname, by- 
name, [come, surmount. 

przezwyci^zllac, ^yc "^^ to over- 

przezyllc ^^ to survive, outlive; 
live through, •-cie » survival, 
outliving.^ 

przezywac, vid. przezwac. 

prz6d "^ front, fore-part ; fokrptuj 
prop; na przodzie, przodtrriy in 
front ; z przodu, from before. 

przodliek "^ fore-part; forefather, 
ancestor; first place, precedence. 
•'kowac, •'Owac^? to go before, 
lead the way; have the preference. 
••kowaiiie, •'Ownictwo 7 prece- 
dence. *.kowy ^ fore . . ., front. 
•'Ownik ^, fore-man, first mower. 

prztyllczek ^ knicker, fillip; dac 
prztyczka w nos, to fillip, ^-k *, 
snap ! -.kac, -knac '^? (palcami) 
to snap one's fingers. 

przy ty potq,czeniu z czasovmikami 
oznacza: 1. zblizenie czego lub 
zblizenie sip do czego n.p. skoczy6, 
to leap — •'Skoczyc, to leap to- 
wards. 2. dodanie czegos n. p. 
dacy to give — <*'dac, to add. 
3. osiabienie czynnoaci n. p. bru- 
dzi6, to soil — -^bnidzic, to soil 
a little, m, w potaczeniu z przy- 
miotnikami oHabia lub zmniejsza 
9topie-A wyrazonego przeztA przy^ 
miotu n. p. ciemny , dark •• 
•-ciemny, somewhat dark. 



przybywanie 

przy^^ near, by, close to; about 
(nie mam pienipdzy * sobie, I have 
no money about me); in the 
presence of...; Cprzy stole etc.) 
at; on, upon. 

przyaxesztowallc "^ to arrest, 
seize, capture. *nie ^ arrest, 
imprisonment. 

przybillc, '•'jac "^^^ to fasten on ; 
(na aukcyij to knock down to; 
stamp in, beat in. •.q do lg,dUf 
to land, disembark. [running. 

przybielldz, -gac ^? to come 

przybierac, vid. przybrad. 

przybilljaczka *", (narzedzie tkackie) 
sley. ^-tka*", wad, wadding, -•ty? 
low-spirited, dejected. 

przybt||%kac si^ ^ to be driven 
out of one's course (come astray) 
'^'fda ^ intruder. ^ [little. 

przyblakn^c ^f to 'grow pale a 



przyblizllac, -^yc 



-.-' sie 



to approach, near, •.enie "3 'ap- 
proach; w «.eilin, by approxi- 
mation, approximatively. «*.01iy? 
approachJng, approximative. 

przybocznlly ^ sid* ..., by ...; 
straz •-a, body-guard, life-guard, 

przybojnik "^ (narzedzie) stamper, 
rammer. 

przybory p?., apparatus. 

przybrallc """? to take to; adopt; 
adorn, attire; assume; furnish, 
provide; (o rzece etc. J incresso, 
"-ny " adopted ; attired, dre Sed. 

przybrzeiile ^ shore, coast. *ny * 



coast 



coastal. 



przybudowac ^^ to build against, 
add by building 

przybyllc ^ to arrive; augment 
increase, /wcie * arrival, coming; 
increase; za moim •.clem, on^mx 
arriving^, •ly f (he who has) ar- 
rived, •rlec, •'SZ "* new-'Comer, 
stranger, ^^szowy interc^ary; 
rok m, m, , leap-yeaf, t^tek *? in- 
crease , accretion , acoesslon ; 
ChoiftyJ Tabernacle ; stead, place, 
•wac, t>id. prtyhyi, ^^wanie, 

vid, przybycie. 



przycapi6 

przycapic ^f to fall on and" seize. 

przycli||6d ™ income, revenue. 
-^Odai? new-coming; profitable, 
lucrative. *odowy ^ income , . . 
••odzeiiie ^ coming, •.odzic ^^ 
to come; arrive at; (do czegoj 
to be reduced to . . ., come to ... ; 
m.m, do siehie, to recover; come to 
oneself; przyjdzie do wojny, we 
shall have war. -.odzi mi ochota, 
I feel inclined to . . . <*odzi mi na 
mysl , it occurs to my mind, 
'^odzien ^ new-comer. 

przychowllac, ^jrwac "? to bring 
up (by feeding), •-ek ™ produce 
in live stock. 

przychylllac, *ic ^f to incline to 
or towards. •-•. sie ^T to feel 
inclined to, be prone to, incline 
to. -enie, -'enie 8i§ ^ incli- 
nation, •-nie "? favourably. 
'^HOSC^, favour, kindness; CfigJ 
inclination, -^ny ? inclinable, 
friendly. 

przycillac, -nac'^?? to cut, clip; 
{'fig. koinu) to taunt, chaff. «•* 
usta, to bite one's lips. 

przyciagllajacy ? (fig J attractive; 
attrahent. ^ ' -*aaie "J attraction. 
— ac, ^nac ^f to attract. 

przycienmlliac, •'ic^f to darken 
a little. *.y , darkish. 

przycierac , to rub offj (fig.j 
humble, abase. 

przycies^, groundsil. 

przycinllac, vid. przyciaS. •ek ^ 
sneer; sarcastic turn, sarcastic 
word. 

przycisiik ^ pressure ; accent, em- 
phasis ; tvymawiac wyrazy z 
•-kiem, to emphasize words. 
•rkac, •'iiac ^^ to press, press 
down, -kacz '^ presser; letter- 
presser, paper-weight. 

przycmiilc '"^ to obscure; (fig J 
eclipse. *enie ^ darkening, ob- 
scuration, [(together), couch. 

przycupnac ""V" to cower, squat 

przyczaic"si§ ^f to bend down; 
(na kogoj to li© in ambush for. 



przygana 



227 



przyczeplliac, -ic ""^ to hang on, 
affix to. -*.-* sig T to grapple, 
-^ka^, pendant; ( zaczepka J dXt&ck. 

przyczesac ^" (wiosyj to comb 
right, smooth down by combing. 

przyczoiek ^ front, frontispiece. 

przyczoigac sif ^f to creep or 
sneak up to, approach creeping. 

przyczynlla *", cause, reason; mo- 
tive ; intercession ; hyi m,^ jej nie» 
szczpscia, he was guilty"" (or in 
fault) of her misfortune ; za moj^ 
•-a, at my request, ^ek '^ con- 
tribution; (do dziejow tic.) ma- 
terials ■pi. -,iac, -"ic ^f to con- 
tribute; add, increase. **8i§^r 
(do czegoj to contribute ; (za kimj 
intercede for ... -wka ^, small 
cause, ••owosc^, causality. *o- 
wy *^ causal. 

przydallc, -^awac ^f to add, join 
to; (fig. J amplify, exaggei te 
(za pomocnikaj give, m, », si§ na] 
to be fit for, to be good for; na 
CO sip to przyda? what boots it? 
••tek '^ addition, supplement, 
•-tkowy " supplementary, •►t- 
nosc^, fitness, usefulness, apti- 
tude, •'tny f fit for (use), use- 
ful, apt. 

przydech " (gram J aspiration; 
z -^em wymawiac , to aspirate. 
-"Owy " aspirate. 

przydeptllac, --ywac ^? to tread 
down, tread upon. 

przydlugi ^ lengthy, overlong. 

przydomek "^ surname; dac *, 
to surname. . 

przydrozny ? way . . . , road . . . 

przydullszac , -sic '"f to press 
towards;- (ogien etc. J to damp, 
choke; (fig. J suppress, crush. 

przydworny f court . . . , 

przydybac^* to seize red-handed, 
take in the very act. 

przydymic ^f to smoke lightly. 
«* sie ^r to be >6moked slightly. 

przyd'zielic ^'^ to assign, direct to. 

przyganlla ^, censure, reproacbc 
15* 



228 przygania6 

"^iac, *-ic ^f to censure, criti- 
BLze. -iacz'^ criticaster, grumbler. 

przygarbillac, --c ""^ to bend. 

przygarllnac , ~niac ^" to rake 
close to, draw near by scraping ; 
(fig.) attract, allure. «*sc ^, two 
handfuls. 

przygailsac, •-sng-c '^ to be ex- 
tinguished, go out (partly or for 
some time). *.sic, -'Szac ""*? to 
extinguish, put out partly. 
*'8ty f partly extinguished. 

przygillac, -^nac ^^ to bend to. 

przyglalldac "^^ (czego) to take 
care of. * - sif '"f to consider, 
observe, •'danie 'J inspection, 
superin tendance, ^m, sif " ob- 
servation, consideration. 

przygiodny '^ somewhat hungry. 

przyginszllac , -.yc ^f to stun, 
deafen. *.8me » stunning, dea- 
fening. 

przygnac "^^ to drive near. 

przygnfbillac, '-c ^f to press 
down; (figj oppress. A^enie ^ 
oppression, -^ony ? oppressed. 

przygodlla^, accident, unforeseen 
event, adventure; fatal accident, 
misadventure, •-y iycia, even- 
tualities of Dfe. *nosc ^, con- 
tingency, casualty, •ny ? acci- 
dental , fortuitous ; occasional. 
-^zic 8i§ "^r to occur, happen; 
(do czego) to be fit for. 

przygorzknllac, -iec'^7 to become 
bitterish. 

przygotowllac, -ywac ^? to pre- 
pare, dress, dispose. «. « si§ , f o 
prepare oneself, prepare. '«anie ^ 
preparation, preparative. <»ania 
do wojny, ^preparation of war. 
•-awczy f preparatory. 

przygmbllo «^ rather grossly (tez 
fig.). «*.szy , rather gross. 

przygrywilac ^V" (muz.) to ac- 
company, •.ka ^, (muz.) accom- 
paniment. 

przygryllzad , -zc ^? to bite at ; 
(fig.) taunt, chaff, (fig.) *zac 



przjkladanie 



war^f, to bite one's lips, stifle a 
laugh. [up. 

przygrzilac, -'ewac ""^ to warm 

przygwozdzic '^'t to aail to, fasten 
with nails. 

przyjac ^^ to accept, receive; 
(stuzacegoj engage, welcome; ad- 
mit; fco na siebie) take upon 
oneself. •. sie '^T (o roilinach) 
to take root. 

przyiallciel '^ friend, -.cielski f 
friendly, kind ; affable. '*.ci6tka *i 
she-friend, female friend. *.zn^, 
friendship, •.znicsig'^r ^o be on 
friendly terms with . . . •-znie ^ 
friendly; favourably. •.zny 7 
friendly ; favourable. 

przyjazd "^ arrival. 

przyjellchac, -^zdzac T to arrive 
(driving or riding), [acceptance. 

przyj^cie " (goid etc.) reception ; 

przyjemllnie "-^ agreeably; jest mi 
*. m, (dowiedziec sie J, I am pleased 
to (learn). «.nosc ^, pleasure; 
agreeableness, amenity; 2 •no- 
SCia s-le dowiadujfy I am happy 
to learn . . . •-ny f agreeable, 
pleasant, pleasing. 

przyjezdny ? arriving. 

przyimek, preposition. 

przyjmowac, vid. przyjac. 

przyjrzellC, vid. przygladac. *nie 
si^ " observation, consideration. 

prZ3ns||C, vid. przychodzic. -cie " 
coming. 

przykaz ^ order, command, -.ac, 
•►ywac ^f to command, order; 
impress, incalculate on. •^anie "J 
commandment, ordering; dzie^ 
sifcioro *,an. Boskichj the Ten 
Commandments. 

przykiad '^ example, instance; 
(u strzeVby) butt, butt-end; hrac 
•- z . . ., to take example by ... ; 
dac •-, to set an example; na *, 
for example. *ac "^T^ (plaster) 
to apply; lay on, put on; add; 
(pieczpc) set upon, -.ac si§ ""V 
to apply oneself, devote oneself 
to. •-anie" application, applying. 



przykladanie sig 

•^anie si§> studiousness, study. 
•ka ^, (do wagij makeweight. 
•'Hie <*? exemplarily, perfectly, 
•nose C exemplariniss. *.iiy f 
exemplary. 

przyklasllk "^ applause, acclama- 
tion, -.kiwac, *iiac ^^ to ap- 
plaud. 

przykleic ^? to stick (up), stick to. 

przykl^kii'ac, •nac '"V' to kneel 
down ; ffigj humble oneself. 

przyklepllac, -ywac '"f to plane 
down, beat down. [house. 

przykomorek'^ secondary custom- 

przykop "i sap, mine. •ypJ. Cfort.J 
approaches pi. ^ac , to add 
hy digging, -ywac sie ^f Cpod 
fortecpj to approach (a*" fortress) 
by digging trenches, to sap. 

przykowaCj vid. przykuc. 

przykrilajac, -awac, -oic ^f to 
cut out, fashion. <»awacz ^ 
cutter- out. 

przykrfcic^" to screw up (partly). 

przykrijo "? steeply; troublesome- 
ly ; disagreeably. * o mi fstyszec ...J, 
I am sorry to (hear. ..). *o mi to, 
I am sorry for it. «*osc *", (gory J 
steepiness; troublesomeness; an- 
noyance, unpleasantness, -y ^ 
steepy, steep; troublesome; dis- 
agreeable, unpleasant. 

przykrdlicic '^" to shorten, •-tki, 
•tszy " somewhat short. 

przyirylic, *wac ^^ to cover (up). 
*- " sif ^r to be covered, •-cie ^J 
covering ; cover, •-wadio 1 cover, 
lid. *.wka^, covercle, lid, small 
cover. 

przjkrzyL'c^f to render disgusting. 
m,Q sobie cOf to become tired of. 
"C si§ ^r (komuj to importune 
a person, m, mi si§, I feel dull, 
I feel bored. 

przykuc ^^ to forge on. 

przykupiiic, -^ywac ""? to buy 
into the • bargain , buy more, 
•no ^ supplementary purchase, 
•ny ^ bought into the bargain, 

przylaCj vid, pnylewai. 



przymierze 



229 



przyta!!czac, --czyc ^? to subjoin, 
join, unite; annex. «,«. sie ^f to 
unite, join; •• sif do towcrzy- 
stwa, to jom a party, •czenie » 
subjunction, annexation. 

przyladliek "IJ cape, promontory, 
•owac ^? to land, disembark. 

przylamllac, -ywac ^" to break 
partially, break the end of . . . 

przytaszczka *", r6o«.; hairy violett. 

przylilatac, •latywac, -leciec^ 
to come on full wing; (fam.) 
come running. 

przyiatac'^? to patch to, botch on. 

przylliazic, •lezc ^^ to come on 
crouching. 

przyibica^, morion, helmet. 

przylegllac ^',^ (do czegoj to lie 
close to, lie near to. •iosc', 
contiguity, adjacency; appurte- 
nance, •t;^^ contiguous, adjacent. 

przylepiiiac , --ic '^^ to stick to; 

(ogtoszenia) post up. « «. slf '"V 
to cling, adhere, -ka^, kissing- 
crust; flirt, coquette. 

przyluzc, vid. przylazlc. 

przylewac '^f to pour to. [cling. 

przylgnac '^V' to stick to, adhere, 

przylizliac sie, -ywac sif T 
(komuJ to insinuate oneself, in- 
gratiate oneself. 

przylot ^, flying to. -.ny ^ fly- 
ing to ; ptak m. •., migratory bird, 
bird of passage. 

przyloilly c, vid. przyUadac. •enie 
sie ^ cooperation, contribution. 

przyinllda *i allurement, lur*^, bait. 
•dzac, --dzic^? to allure, < ecoy. 

przylntowac ^^ to solder lo. 

przymarzilac, •nac-^f to iit^z-^ 
together with. 

przymawiac "^^ (komuJ to taunt, 
chafif. • sie ^r to sollicit in- 
sinuatingly. 

przymierac ^? (gloduj to expose 
oneself to starvation. 

przymierzllac, •yc'^^V (eurdut etc.) 
to try on; aim at; allude, --e » 
(w piSmit im.J covenant; Testa- 
ment; league, alliance; treaty. 



230 przymiesza6 

przymieszllac "^f to admix, mix 
with, -kka^j admixtioD, admix- 
ture. 

przymililac, ~ic '"'i' to make 
agreeable. m. m. si§ ""X to in- 
gratiate oneself, make oneself 
agreeable. -*ailie sig " flattery, 
ingratiation. 

przymiot ^ quality, property, 
-nik '^ adjective, •ny" (gram.) 
adjective ; qualified. 

przymiotnp 1 (hot.) groundsel. 

przymknac """ to move near, 
shove on!^ «> si§ '^X to draw near. 

przymnllazac , -vozyc '"^ to aug- 
ment, multiply, 

przymocowac '^f to fasten. 

przymorski, vid. nadmorski. 

przymowilic , vid. przymawiac. 
*ka^, allusion; sneering, sneer. 

przymrozek "^ night-frost, slight 
frost. 

przymnizllac , -»yc '"? foczyj to 
blink, twinkle ?^with the eyes); 
close the eyes for some while. 

przyznurliek "^ chimney - piece 
-»owac "■" 
building 

przymulls "^ compulsion, con- 
straint; z *sil, constrainedly, on 
compulsion, -szac, -'Sic "^^ to 
necessitate, force, compel. ^>*, 
si§ "^r to constrain oneself, force 
oneself, -siciel '^ constrainer. 
••sowy '^ compulsory. <*szanie, 
•-szenie 'J forcing, coercion. 

przymykac, vid. przymknac. 

przynaglllac , «'ic '^^ to impel, 
ur|e; ^coj accelerate. 

przynajmniej **p at least, at the 
least. 

prz5Tialez||acy ^ appertaining, 
belonging to. •-ec ^? to apper- 
tain, •.nose*", appertaining, ap- 
purtenance, •'iiosci pl-f appur- 
tenances pi. 

przyn^llcac, -cic ^^ to allure, de- 
coy. •'Ciciel '^ allurer, enticer. 
•.ta ^, bait, lure; enticement, 
allurement. 



przypiecek 

przynliiesc, -'Osic ^f to bring, 
bring to; (korzyscj yield, bring 
in; cause; produce. 

przyniewllalac, --olic ^f to com- 
pel, force. » 

przynitowac ^? to rivet to. 

przynuklla *", compulsion, -.ac""? 
to compel. [mise, 

przyobieclac, -^jvf^t '^^ to pro- 

przyoblelic, ^kac ^f (vuig.j to 
put on. 

przyodzillac, -^ewac^f to clothe, 
attire; cover. * «, sie ""X to dress. 
-'Snie ^ -»ewek "^ '' clothes pi., 
dressing. [in. 

przyorllac, -ywac ^f to plough 

przyozdilabiac , ••obic "^f to at- 
tire, decorate. 

przypadllac, przypasc '^V' to fall 
(down)/tZo fcog^oycome up running; 
(do czegoj suit ; Cna kogoj fall to 
one's share ; fna dzien . . .J fall on ; 
occur, happen; surprise, attack, 
••ek ^ (gram.) case; chance, ha- 
zard; accident; w tym -^kll, if so. 
•'kiem, by chance, •.kowac ^f 
to decline, inflect, -vkowaiiie "J 
inflection, declension, -kowo "-^ 
by chance, -kowosc *", casualty, 
contingency.-'kowy^ casual, ac- 
cidental, fortuitous. 

przypalllac, -'ic '^^ to singe oflf; 
(wiosyj curl; (pieczen) burn. 

przyparty ^ <fe ? (doj leant against/ 

przypasllac, -«ywac '"^ fszaUfJ 
to gird on; girdle,' gird. 

przypasc, vid. przypadac. 

przypatrywalic sie ""f to observe^ 
consider. . ••nie sie ^ observation, 
consideration. 

przypedzllac, ^ic '^^ to drive near, 
drive" on; (fig J incite, impel, 
•-aiiie, •'Cnie ^ incitation, 

przypetzllac, -nac '^^ to creep 
on; to lose colour (partly). 

prz3T)i|Iac,.-'nac'"" to pin, fasten 
with pins; buckle on. m.^ ""X 
(do czegoj to cling to. 

przypiec, vid. przypiekac, <»ek^ 
niche of an oven. 



przypigcz^towaS 

przjrpifcz^towac ^f to set one's 
seal to, seal. 

przypiekac ^f to roast, grill; 
fwiosyj curl; (fig. homu) tease, 
nettle a person; (o aloncujhuxn. 

przypierac, vid. Tprzyprze6. 

przypilnowac ^f to look at, look 
after. 

przjrpis, •ek "^ comment; note, 
annotation; (do listuj postscrip- 
tum. •ac, -"TWac ^^ to add; 
attribute , impute ; (poswipcicj 
to dedicate, •.b.c sie ""T to write 
some words in another one's 
letter, •-anie " attribution, im- 
putation; (dziela) dedication. 

przyplacllac, -ic ^? to pay for, 
atone for. 

przyplallski^flattish. *.szczyc^f 
to flatten, flat. 

przyplatac sig ^f (do) to cling 
to, adhere to. 

przyplawlliac, •ic^'? to float on. 

prz}T)l:odek'i; produce in live stock. 

przyplowiec ""? to fade a little, 
to lose colour (partly). 

przyptyllnac , -wac "^^ to ap- 
proach swimming or sailing. 
*.W "^ flood; wielki •-w, spring- 
tide. 

przypochlebiallc sie ^ to insi- 
nuate oneself, ingratiate oneself, 
••nie sif "J insinuation, cajolery. 

przypodobac sie ^f to make one- 
self agreeable. 

przypohidnilleT after-noon, -^k'^ 
(hot.) fig-marigold. 

przypomilinac , •'iiiec ^? (Tcomu 
CO) to remind a person of . . . 
m.m, sobie, to remember, recollect, 
-^niec si§ '"V to recommand one- 
self, -inacz '^ remembrancer, 
'•'inanie, ••nienie'? remembrance. 

przypora *", (arch.) buttress, prop. 

przypowillastka *", short story, 
tale; moral sentence, -..esc \ 
parable; saying, aphorism. 

przyporzadzic, vid. ijrzyrzq.dza6. 

przyp6zny " latish. 

przypozyczyc ^f to lend more. 



przyrzadziciel 231 

przyprallwa ^, seasoning, condi- 
ment. *.wic ^^ to season, spice; 
fix to, fasten to; put to, join to; 
(kogo o CO) deprive a person of 
a thing, •.wny ^ false, made, 
artificially: fixed, fastened. 

przyprdszyllc ^^ to cover with 
(powder etc.); (fig.) siwizna go 
•la, he became gray. 

przyprowadzllac, -^ic '"^ to bring 
near, lead on; bring to. 

przyprzdadz, *f gac ^" to put more 
(horses) *" to. •-ag " additional 
horses ; kon do ••ag'll, relay horse. 

prz5T)rzec^^ to lean against, press 
towards. 

przypuszczllac , przypuscic ^? 
(kogo) to admit ; (ogiera) to let (a 
stallion) cover the mare ; presup- 
pose, suppose; conjecture. •- •, 
prz3rpTlSCic szturm, to make an 
assault on ; przypusciwszy, ze . . . , 
suppose that . . . -.alny ? pre- 
sumptive, supposed, probable. 
'O'enie " supposition. 

przyrastac, vid. przyroi6. 

przjTOllda ^, nature, -.dnlf-step...? 
-^dnie rodzenstwo, step- brothers 
and step - sisters. *dnik "^ na- 
turalist, --dny " innate, inborn ; 
step... -.dzenie ^ nature; na- 
tiveness, innateness; z •-dzenia, 
by nature, •dzony f natural; 
innate; «awfci -.dzone, science of 
nature, physics. *doznawstwo ^ 
science of nature, natural philo- 
sophy. 

przyrolisc, •snac """ to grow to ; 
augment, increase. *siyf adnate. 
-.st '^ increase, growth, accession, 
•-stek ^ (gram.) prefix; excres- 
cence. ' [pare; equalise. 

przyr6wn||ac, -ywac ^^ to com- 

przynimienic '"'^ to brown, make 
brown. • sif ^f to brown. 

przy^zalld '^ tool, implement, ap» 
paratus. --dzac, --dzic ""^f to 
prepare, dress, get ready, ••dze* 
nie 'J preparation, dressing, 
•dziciel '^ dresser, preparer. 



232 



przyrzec 



przyrzellc, -kac '"f to promise, 
-vczenie " promise. 

przyrzlinac, -^ynac ""? to saw off. 

przyrznllcac, ~cic '"^ to add to, 
increase; throw tO'', cover with. 
«*t ^ throwing in; addition, sur- 
plus. 

przysad'ia^, admixture, dash, al- 
loy; alfectation. -.ka % ^6ot.^ petal. 

przysadkowalltosc ^\ stubbedness. 
-ty, przysadzisty ?' thick and 
short, loggy. 

przysadzilac , •'ic '"f to put to, 
join to; fpijawMJ apply; (dzieckoj 
put to the breast, give suck to; 
fdrzewj plant more. 

przysadzilac, -16^^ to adjudicate, 
adjudge; destine. •»enie "J ad- 
judication. 

przyschnac^^ to dry on, stick to 

przysiliadac , ^asc, •-esc ^"? to 
sit upon ; cower^down); sit down. 

przysilladywac , -edziec "^^ *-» 
faidow , to be hard at work, 
•-asc si§ ""V (do liogo) to sit down 
at" one's side. 

przysilladz, -.fgac '^^ to swear. 
•'^gaCoath; --eg^ sktadac, to 
take an oath, '^egiy " juryman ; 
sad *,egiych, the jury, '^^eglyf 
•'^zny'" f sworn. 

przysiek ™ ^-a^, felling-axe; the 
place in the barn where the 
sheaves are laid up, barn-floor. 

przysionek "^ porch, vestibule. 

przyskilakiwac, -^oczyc ""^ to ap- 
proach leaping. U^t^ iQ- 

przyskrzynic "^ to squeeze in, 

przyskwierac '^V' fkomuj to vex, 
annoy, tease. 

przysiaby f weakly, feebleish. 

przystallC, vid. przysyiac. «.nie ^ 
sending. [up or cover partly. 

przysti'aniac, -onic ^" to wrap 

przyslony ^ salty. 

przyst6w|Iek ^ adverb, -kowy " 
adverbial. [*.wny ^ proverbial. 

przysiollwie " proverb, •wiowy, 

przystuchiwac 8i§ '"V to give 
ear to, attend to, listen to. 



przystgpowac 

przyslullga ^, service, favour, 
-"giwac sie, -zyc si§ ^r to do 
a favour, render a service. 

przysmailci^ek, -k "^ dainty, dain- 
ty bit, tit-bit; f fig J ssiMce, spice, 

przysmazllac, -^yc '^? to stew. 

przysniiiC si^ ^f to dream ; appear 
in a dream; (fig. J -lo mi si^, 1 
fancied. 

przyspa^, turf-seat. 

przysparzac, vid. przysporzyc. 

przyspiesziiac, -yc ^" to accele- 
rate, hasten. *enie ^ accelera- 
tion, hastening. 

przyspiewywac ^? Ckomu) to join 
in singing, accompany singing. 

przysporzllyc "^^ to augment, in- 
crease, ^^enie " augmentation. 

przysposllabiac -.obic ^^ to pre- 
pare, dress; fit up, dispose. *»•» 
si§ ^r (^o czegoj to prepare one- 
self for ... ^obienie ^ prepa- 
ration; disposing. 

przysmbowac ^" to screw on. 

przystallc, -^wac ^? to arrive, 
come to; to be suitable, befit, 
become; fdo siehie, vmt.J coincide, 
be congruent; Cna coj consent to, 
acquiesce in; Cna stuzhej takej 
przystoi, it is fit or becoming; 
•-C do wojsJca, to turn soldier, 
•.•n ^, landing-place, harbour; (fi-g.J 
haven, anchor-hold. <*.nek "^ stay^ 
halting-place ; (kolci zel. J station, 
■^'iiac '^V' to halt, stop, -.wanie 7 
congruity; fna coJ acquiescence, 
consent. 

przystapic ^? to approach, come 
on; (do towarzystwaj ioin (a com- 
pany); (do czegoj set to; accede 
to; tread upon. -^ do komunii 
sw.y to receive the sacrament. 

przystarzaly ? oldish 

przystawillac, -c '"f to put to; 
place near. 

przystep ^ access, approach. 
"•-nOSC^, accessibility; (o osohiej 
affability, ••ny f accessible; of 
easy access. «'6wac, vid, przyatg." 
pic. 



przystojnie 

przystojllnie ^} comely, -.nose ^, 
becomingness, decency; respec- 
table appearance, -.ny " be- 
coming, decent; of respectable ap- 
pearance, well- formed, well made. 

przystosoli'wac ^" to accomodate, 
adapt, "^wanie "i accommoda- 
tion, adaptation. [decorate. 

przystriiajac, -^oic ^" to adorn, 

przystxzyiidz, -^gac "" to cut away 
the ends of a thing, cut short, 

przyllstudzic "^ to cool (down). 
«*styguac ^\^ to cool down. 

przysuiinac, -^wac ^^ to bring 
near, move near. m.m, si§ "^^ to 
draw near, advance. 

przyswilajac, *oic '"? to appro- 
priate; tame, domesticate. • •. 
sohie, to adopt, appropriate to 
onei^elf. 

przysw§dzic ""f fo potrawachj to 
burn. «. sie ^r to have a small 
burn. ""[firm, verify, certify. 

przyswiadczilac, -^-yc ^" to con- 

przyswiecliac, *ic "^^ to light, 
guide by light; (kwrmj light a 
person home. 

przysychaCi vid. przyschnac. 

przysyiac '^" to send. 

przysypllac, --ywac ^'" to pour to ; 
pour on, pour into. *isko " al- 
luvium, alluvion, •-ka'i all that 
is poured to, surplus. [pi. 

przyszance pi , ffort.J approaches 

przyszczep , . -""ek 'y graft, scion, 
•-ka^, patch. 

przyszlliosc ^, time to come, fu- 
turity; na -M -r, henceforth. m.\y ^ 
coming, future; (rokj next. 

przyszpili'ac, '•-ic ^^ to pin. 

l)TZysZTUhowa.C,vid.prz7jsruhoicac. 

przysztukowac^? to piece, patch. 

przyszwa *', upper-leather. 

przyszyllwac , -"-c ^f to sew on, 
sew to; CbuiyJ new-vamp, refoot. 

przyszykowac "^^ to prepare. 

przytaczac, vid. przytoczyc. 

przytarty ^ rubbed off. 

przytechliiy " ranklsh, rancid. 



•'iiac 



to prrow rancid. 



przywabi6 233 

przytepil!ac, -c ^"?^ to blunt, 
weaken; (fig. J dull, --ony ? 

bluntish. 

przytknac, vid. przytykac. 

przytillaczac, -oczyc ''^ to press 
down; (fig. J oppress. 

przytluc ^? to dash down. -• 
sie ^r to come roving. 

przytiumiiiac , •c """ to damp; 
fgtosj to drown, deaden. 

przytne, fut. od przydnc. 

przytolfczenie ^ quotation, cita- 
tion. •'Czyc ^'^ to roll against; 
ffig-J cite , quote ; faiszywie >*. *,, 
to misquote. -• m. sif '"^ to come 
rolling on. •-k "^ atfluent. 

przytomllnie "-^ with readiness of 

^mind. -^nosc*", presence; -».•», umys- 

'iu, presence of mind. *ny " pre- 
sent; being present to oneself. 

przytrafillac si§, -.6 sie T to 

occur, happen. [buckle on. 

przytroczyc '"J' to strap up, 

przytrzec, vid. przyderac. 

przytrzyraliac , ^ywac ^'? to re- 
tain, hold back. 

przytulllac, -ic ^^ to press close ; 
(fig J to shelter. •. •, do serca^ 
to press against one's breast. 
m,m. sie "^X to nestle closely to. 

przytulliek "^ harbourage, asylum, 
haven ; dac •- *. komu , to patro- 
nise, protect a person, ^lenie ^ 
pressing to; shelter, -.lia*", (hot.) 
cheese-rennet, -^lisko " shelter, 
asylum. [hard. 

przytwarlldy, --dszyf somewhat 

przytwierdzllac, -'ic ^? to fasten. 

przytyk '^ sneer, taunt; dac komu 
•-i, to satirise a person. 

przytykac "^V? (doj, to border 
(upon); (komu J satirise a person ; 
touch; (do ustj put to one's 
mouth; fasten, put on. 

przyuczilac, •.ye "^^ (kogo doj to 
school a person in, accustom to. 
*• * si§ '^r to learn. [decoy. 

przywabiL'ac, -'C ^^ to allure, 



234 przywala6 

prz5nsral!lac, -'ic'^? to roll towards; 

(iigj burden. fciency. 

przywara \ fault, defect, defi- 

przy wdzillac , -ewac ^f to put 
on (clothes); (fig.) assume, take 
up. [dering on. 

przyw^drowac ""? to come wan- 

przywiailzac , --zywac "^^ to tie, 
fasten \(iigj attach, ^zac si§ ""X 
(do kogoj to take a fancy to, 
become fond of. -^zanie " fasten- 
ing; Y^grJ attachment, affection, 
-zany? fastened; (figj attached 
to, affectionate. 

przywidzilenie^ chimera, -^iany? 
chimerical. *.iec ^? -* -* sohie, 
to fancy, imagine, m, m, sie vimp. 
-iato mu sie, he dreamt. " 

T^TZywie\\8C,vid.przywodzic. -*dziO- 
ny ^ «^ " brought to ; (do czegoj 
reduced to; quoted, cited. 

przywiellszac, *sic ^f to hang on. 

przywiez*", cord, line. 

przywiezc ^? to convey to, carry 
to ; transport by water or by land. 

przywilijac, -nac ^f to tie about, 
wind round ; come to shore, land. 

przjrwilej "", privilege, charter. 

przywilltac ^" to greet, salute; 
(goscij to welcome. -. m. sie T 
^2 fcim^ salute a person, -tanie" 
greeting, salutation. 

przy wlaszczllac, -►yc ^" to attri- 
bute, adjudge; appropriate; m, m, 
soliie, to appropriate to oneself, 
seize; assume; bezprawnie sobie 
-*«.., to usurp, -enie " appro- 
priation; usurpation, -yciel "i 
appropriator: usurper. 

przywlelic, -kac ^? to drag near 
or to a place. 

przywii6dzca '" leader, -.odzic ^? 
to lead to, bring to; reduce to; 
quote, cite; (wojskoj command; 
— m, sobie na paniipc, to call to 
one's mind. 

przywolilac, -^iywac ^f to call 
to (a place), 

przywll6z "' import. *ozic, vid. 
vrzywiezc. --ozowy " import . ,, 



psotny 

prz3rwr!iacac, *6cic ^? to rBstore, 
re-establish, -ocenie ^ restora- 
tion, re-establishment. *6ciciel'^ 
re-establisher. 

przywykllac, -nac ^? to accustom 
oneself, get accustomed, -anie, 
•-nifcie, •-nienie " habit, use. 
•-iy ^ accustomed. 

przyznailc, -^wac ^" to concede; 
avow, admit; award, adjudicate. 
* •• si§ ^r to confess, avow. 

przyzllwac, -ywac ^? to call to 
a place. •.* do siebie, to send 
for a person. 

przyzwilalac, -olic ""^ to consent, 
agree to; comply, acquiesce. 
-^-olenie ^ consent, agreement, 
acquiescence; 2 «*oleiliei3l, con- 
cessively. 

przyzwoillcie ^^ becomingly, de- 
cently. <».tOSC ^, becomingness, 
decency. 

przyzwyczallic , -^jac '"^ to ac- 
custom. *•, si§ "T to get ac- 
customed, accustom oneself, 
•-jenie "habitualoess. *jony ? 
habitual, accustomed. 

psalm '^ psalm, -..ista'y psalmist. 

psatterz, '", Psalter. 

pseudonim ^, pseudonym. 

psi " doggibh, canine; dog's; (fig.J 
worthless, bad. >^ gtod, canine 
appetite, •.e mieso, dog's flesh; 
kupic za *.© pieniadze^ to buy a 
dead bargain or dirt-cheap, -a 
roza, (bat J dog-rose. ^ jpzyk 
fbot. J dog's tongue, -.ak^lj young 
dog. *anka ^, (astr.J dog-star, 
Sirius; (bot.J night-shade, -ar- 
nia *", kennel, dog-house; pack 
of hounds. -,arz ^ dog-keeper, 
dog -feeder; dog-fancier. «.ca, 
-Czka ^, bitch, -i.^ 'J puppy, cub. 
-^kus '" trick, turn, -.na, -'Ilka ^. 
poor little dog. 

psollcic '^V' to play tricks, -.cic 
sif '*^r to chaff, tease, --ta *"♦ 
trick , knavish trick ; wyrzadzU 
komu -.t§, to play (one) a trick, 
•tny f petulant, mischievous 



psotnica 

knavish, •-tnica *", (female) spoi- 
ler; frolicsome woman, •tnik^ 
spoiler, destroyer; joker, frolic- 
some man. 

psowac, vid. psuc. 

pstrag '^ trout. 

pstrfb "p colouredly; ffig.J <*.o 
mu w glowie, he is queer in his 
noddle, -^ocizna *", piebald co- 
lours, -wokatosc, -okacizna^, 
piedness, mixture of colours. 
•okaty? piebald, spotted, dapple, 
-y ^ variegated, coloured, brind- 
led; piebald, dapple, •-zyc ^?^ 
to chequer, spot. m.m, sif ^f 
CfigJ to have a coloured dress on. 

psnbrat '^ scoundrel, rogue. 

psullc ^? to spoil ; corrupt, •-c 
si§ ^r fo iowarachj to be spoiled; 
become worse, •-cie " spoiling, 
corruption, •.cie si§ "J putre- 
faction. 

psychlliatrya ♦; psychiatry. *i- 
cznie **? psychically, -.iczny " 
psychic. *olog ™ psychologist. 
-Ologia^, psychology, --ologi- 
czny ? psychological. 

psykac ^? to hiss. 

pszczllelarz "^ apiarist, -elnik "^ 
apiary, stand for bees ; apiarist ; 
book of apiculture; (hot.) dra- 
gon's head, -elny ^ bee . . . 
•-Oia ^, bee. •.oil, vid. pszczelny. 
•'Olnictwo "J science of apiculture. 

pszeniiica *", wheat, •-czny, pszen- 
ny " wheaten. 

ptallctwo, -^stwo 1 birds pi., 
fowls pi. '*> m, blotne, birds in- 
habiting bogs , waders ^)L m, *, 
domowe, poultry, ^-k ™ bird. 
«»k drapiezny, bird of prey, •.k 
lesnyj woodbird. ^.k wodny, 
water-fowl, aquatic bird. *si f 
bird's. *.si szrot, bird -shot; 
CfigJ •'SiegO mleka mu niedostaje, 
he lives in abundance. 

ptasziiarnia ^, volery, aviary. m.q 7 
little bird. •-fCy ^ nestling, 
-^^ek*? nestling, little bird; ('fig.J 
6ly fellow, -nictwo 7 fowling. 



pularda 



235 



bird-catching, ^nik '^ bird-fan- 
cier; fowler. •.y, vid. ptasi, 
*yna ^ poor small bird, •-ynka U 
fowling-piece. 

publiilcysta'^ publicist, -cystycz- 
ny " of. publicist, -.cznie <*f 
publicly. "^cznosc *", (ludziej 
pubUc, fw teatrzej audience; 
publicity. ••cziiy f public, 
-^kacya^, publication, -wkowac^f 
to make known, publish. 

pac, -^ek '^ (vulg.j cheek ; chubby 
child. 

puch '? CpierzeJ down; fna twarzyj 
down of the cheek; rozhic w •, 
to bruise, crush, •-lina *^ dropsy. 
•»•. lyodna, hydropsy, •^linowy? 
hydropic, •.nac^^ to bloat, swell, 
-nienie "J swelling, --owy f 
downy, down ... 

pucolowaty ? chubby, blowzed. 

pud '^ (waga rosyjskaj pood 
(= 16,36 klgr.) 

pudel 'l^ fzoj poodle. 

pudilelko "^ box, small box; 
CfigJ jafc 2 •'eika, dressed up 
drunk. *io "J box; coach-trunk, 
well; CfigJ miss, bad shot. 
Ipudljer "^ powder, hair-powder. 
1 -i-rowac ^T to powder, ••ro- 
wanie " powdering- 

pilf ^ backgammon. 

pugilares '^ pocket-book. 

puginat "IJ dagger, poniard. 

pubacz "^ Corn.J eagle-owl, 

puhar '^ cup, bowl, goblet, beaker. 

puk '^ knock, crack; narobic huku 
•u, to make a great bustle. 

pukiac, *-nac ^',^ knock, clap; 
fo sercuj pant, throb; burst. 
•.*, do drzwi, to knock at the 
door, •.auie ^ knock; clap, 
-.anina *^ shooting, -rawka ^, 
pop-gun. 

pukiel "^ tuft of hair curl, ringlet. 

puklerz "^ buckler, shield. 

pnla*", Cw grzej stake, pool. 

putap > ceiling, -ka^. trap. 

pularda *■, fat pullet. 



236 pulchni6 

pnlcliiiilic ^? to make^ loose, 
loosen. *.iec ^? to become loose. 
•OSC *", /'ciata^ softness ; looseness, 
pulpousness. *.y f loose, pulpy, 
squab; soft. 

puik^ regiment, -^ownik™ colo- 
nel, ^ownikowa*", colonerswifo. 
•-ownikowskit colonel's, •-owy'? 

patka ^, shelf. [regimental. 

pulpet "^ force-meat ball. 

pulpit "^ writing-desk. 

puis"!? pulse. *acya^, pulsation. 
-'OWy ^ of the pulse; zyta «»owa, 

pumeks ^ pumice. [artery. 

piLinpa, vid. pompa. 

punkt "^ point; ("figj article, mat- 
ter. *. o Irzeciej godzinie, at three 
o'clock exactly. «. spomy, moot 
point. fl» wyjscia, starting point. 
*• wrzeniOt boiling-point. *. zhor- 
ny, rallying-point. *.owac '"^ to 
dot. •.owanie ^ dotting, -iwiia- 
cya ^, pointing, •.nalnosc ^, 
punctuality, promptitude, •.ual- 
nj ^ punctual. 

pupil ^ pupil, ward. 

pupka ^, puppet, doll; nymph, 
chrysalis. 

purchatHosc ^, fungosity. -y ^ 
fungous, spongy. 

purchawka^, puff-ball. 

purpullra *", purple (colour and 
stuffj ; purple-shell, -.rowac ^" 
to purple, -.rowo "^^ "« -*•' 
ufarhowac, to purplo. -wrowy ?^ 
purple-coloured, purplish. 

puryilsta '5 purist, •-tanin " 
Puritan. 

pnscillc, vid. puszczac. «^zna^, in- 
heritance, heritage. 

pustak ^ windy fellow. 

pustelnilla ^, hermitage, solitude, 
•ca^, hermitess. -czy ^ seclu- 
ded, solitary. *k , hermit, 
anchoret, 
pust.klla ^, abandoned cottage; 
desert, solitude?* >»{ pi., wilder- 
ness, waste; vacuity, vacuum; 
4tac •'ami, to be abandoned, be 
•'loserted. ••owie^ desert, solitude. 



pylnik 

pnBtllo ^ vacuously, voidly. ••osc^ 
vacuity, yacuousness. •'Oszec ^^ 
to become deserted. •'Oszyc^'?' to 
ravage, devastate, -oszyciel ™ 
devastator ravager. -^ota^, wan- 
tonness, /wy ^ desert, desolate; 
empty, vacuous, -^.a^riojf'a, straw- 
head, -wynia ^, desert, solitude. 

puszcza *", desert, wilderness; 
great forest, 

piLSZCzallc ^f ? to let go, set free ; 
let fall; shoot off; fo bronij go 
off; fo mroziej thaw ; fo drzewachj 
bud, burgeon; fo plamachj come 
off. •-c w ohieg, to circulate, -^c 
w niepamifc^ to commit to ob- 
livion. *,c si§ T set out, set off; 
bud, germinate; break forth, 
appear, --dlo " fleam, lancet, 
•'iiie, puszczenie " letting oat. 
«» •. krwi, bleeding, letting of 
blood. [hawk. 

puszczyk "^ screech-owl, night- 

pnszek ^ vid. puck. 

puszkila ^, box, case, ^^a dla uho' 
gich, poor-box. «-a do herbaty, 
(tea-)canister. «*.arski " gun- 
maker's. -»arstwo "J gunsmithery, 
gun-maker's trade, •^arz ™ gun- 
maker. *owy ^ tinned. 

puszyllc *"" to puff up, blow up. 
*C si§ ""^r ff'^Q-J to elate oneself. 
-"Sty ^' blown up; downy. 

putac "^^ to lead a jolly life, live 
gaily. 

puzan ^ trumpet, bassoon, trom- 
bone, o'ista "^ performer on 
the trombone. 

puzdijro, •'erko 7 bottle -case, 
canteen ; case ; scrotum of a stal- 

ptlZOn, vid. puzan. [lion. 

pycha^i pride, haughtiness. 

pylli'^ dust, powder; (''6o^y/ pollen. 
«*i iv^gi^lny, coal-dust. «>.iek '^ 
mote, atom. *--». kwiatowy, pol- 
len, •lie ^f to dust, powder, 
cover with dust. m.^ si§ ^f 
to scatter dust. •Ikowy f 
dust . . . ««liiik '^ fhot.J stamen. 



pype6 

pypec '; rwetj pip. 

pyroliksylina <■, pyroxyline, gun- 
cotton, -..technika *", pyrotech- 
nics pi. 

pysk " muzzle, snout; fvulg.) dac 
koviu to -* , to box some one's 
ears, •'aty ^ having a loose 
tongue. 

pyszllaiek " bloated man. -.al- 
Ka ^, bloated woman, -alkowa- 
t05C *i bloatedness. -^-nic sie ^f 
to boast of, be proud of. •-hie, 
♦no "-f haughtily, pompously. 
-nose *", haughtiness. «»ny ^ 
haughty; pompous. 

pyszczek ^ small muzzle; (upta- 
kowj beak; snout. 

pyta, ind. pytka. 

pytajlc ^? to ask, question, ^c 
8i§ ^r fo <^o) to inquire after; 
iiie m,t Bi§ o cOf to take uo notice 
of; nie •.m 8i§ o /o, I do not care 
for it. -►jnik '^ (gram.) sign of 
interrogation. «.iiie ^ question, 
interrogation, inquiry; question, 
matter in question. 

pytllel ^, bolter ; (figj prztz m. m. 
CO przepxdcic, to slur over, -wlo- 
wac ^f to bolt, sift ; (iig.J babble, 
prattle, -lowy f bolting . . . 

pytkila *i knotted handkerchief; 
certain play so called, •i jp?., 
torture rack. 

pyza <", kind of pudding; (fig.) 
full, puffed cheeks, ••ty ^ chub- 
by, chub-cheeked. 



B. 

Tab 1 seam, hem. •-ic ^f to hem, 

l^order. 
r%ba|ic *; hew, cut, chop ; (drztwoj 

to^ cut, cleave; fcukier) mince. 

•^C pataszem, to cut with a sabre. 

-C Sif na palasze, to fight with 

sabres, -^nie" cutting; mincing; 

chopping, -nina*", slaughter. 

abarbar " rhubarb. 



rada 



237 



rabat ^7 abatement, discount. 

•.y pi., platband, border, 
rabek, vid. rah. 

rabiac, vid. robic. 

rabin "^ rabbi(n). •.owy ^ rab- 

rabnac, vid. rgbac. [binical. 

rabllowac ^^ to rob , plunder, 
-owniczy, •usiowski? robber's, 
rapacious.. *imek ",' robbery. 
•.US '^ robber, highwayman. 

rabulista ^, pettifogger. 

raca*, sky-rocket. [rachitis. 

rachityzm 'IJ Cmed.j rickets pi., 

rachlimistrz'^ arithmetician; calcu- 
lating machine. -. -.owsld " arith- 
metician's. •'Owac ^" to count, 
calculate; fna kogoj count upon, 
rely. •. *. 8i§ '"^ (z czem/ to reckon 
with, settle accounts with; fz 
czegoj give an account of. -*o- 
wanie si^ ^ settling accounts, 
•-uba*^ computation, calculation, 
^•nnek^ reckoning, account; bill; 
credit, •.nnkowosc *", keeping of 
accounts, accountantship, -^uii- 
kowy " calculatory. 

racica*", cloven hoof, 

racowy ^ racket . . . 

racyiia ^, reason, cause; fporcya) 
ration, shfire ; miec •-a, to bo right. 
•Onalizm '^ rationalism. *.o- 
nalny ? rational. 

raczeK ^ small craw-fish, crab. 

raczej <*f rather. 

raczka *i grip, hold; small nice 
fiand; six gallons. 

raczifo ^ nimbly, quickly, •osc^, 
agility, quick, ^.y f agile,- quick. 

raczy6 ^"? to deign, to condes- 
cend, be pleased ; treat, entertain. 

rad. " (2 czegoj pleased with, con- 
tent with; glad of. •-bym wif 
dzie6, I wish to know; jestem mu 
«., I like to see him; *. nie *, 
will he nill he. 

radlla^, counsel, advice; council; 
sitting, session; nie ma ^y, it is 
all of no use; zasifgac rady, to 
consult ; -a tajna, privy council. 



238 



radca 



m,B, municypalnay Common Coun- 
cil, ^.a stanu, Privy Council. 
•ca, •'Zca ™ adviser, counsellor ; 
councillor. « m> stanu, Privy Coun- 
cillor. 

r^del "^ stew-pan, stewing- pan. 
•ek "T small stew-pan. 

radlllanka, -^onka ^, ground 
ploughed over again ; turning up 
the ground, •ic ^f to turn up 
the ground. 

radio ^ plough- share. 

radny " of the senate. *. ™ (miastaj 
Common Council-man. 

radolisc ^, joy; joyfulness, glad- 
ness, pleasure, •-sny f joyful, 
joyous, 'wwac si§ "V to rejoice 
at, be glad of. 

radykallt, -'lista *; Radical. 
•-Iny " radical. 

radysL'a, -^ka*", radish. 

radzL'ca, vid. radca. '*'CzyiA ^, 
Councillor's wife, •.cuie "I con- 
sultation, •-ic ^f to advise, coun- 
sel, give advice; (o JcimJ to care 
for. m.m, si§ '^r to consult. 

rafa ^, reef, ridge. <« koralowa, 
coral-reef. 

rafinllada ^, rafined sugar; CcukruJ 



'erya 



CcukruJ 



refinement. 

refinemeut; /'/isr.^ cunningness, 

craftiness. •«'OWac "^f (cukitrj 

raj ™ Paradise. [refine. 

raiilc """ to recommend, direct. 
<«ciel ™ deputy-suitor, procurer. 

raqa^, r'ry&o-' ray. 

ragca "^ Common Council-man. 

raifur " pander, pimp. -,ka \ 
procuress, bawd. «'OWac ^" to 
couple, •stwo " coupling, match- 
making. 

raigras '^ (hot) perennial darnel. 

ra]sbret "^ drawing-board. 

rajski " paradisiacal. «e jahlko, 
John-apple. -* ptak^ bird of pa- 
radise. 

raitsztila^, ridicg-school» manege. 

Xak'^ crawfish, crab; fmedj cancer, 
canker ; (astr.) Cancer, m, moraki, 
lobster. *. rzeczny^ river -craw- 



raptownos6 

fish; (fig.) spiec ^a, to blush. 
-►arz '^ catcher of crawfish ; ras- 
cal, villain. *.owaciec ^*V?ned.^ 
to cancerate. «».crwaty" cancri- 
form; ^wecf.> cancerous, cancera- 
tic. *.owy f crab's, of a craw- 
fish, •^owa zupa, soup with 
crawfish. 

rakieta^, sky-rocket, 

ramlla ^, frame; chase; oprawii 
w -fc-y, to frame, •-a okna, win- 
dow-frame, i^a ohrazUy picture- 
frame. *.y aukiennicze, tenter, 
cloth-frame. 

ramillf " shoulder, arm; Cmat.J 
side; Cfig.J power; Cw mechanicej 
arm; wziac na m,^, to shoulder. 
-'eniowy, -'enny , shoulder .. .; 
brachial, ••enisty ^ broad-shoul- 

ramka*', small frame. [dered. 

ramota^» bungling work. 

rana ^, wound, hurt; CfigJ moz- 
naby go do rany przytozycy one 
may twist him round one's fingers. 

ranek "^ morning. 

ranga*", rank, dignity. 

ranllic ^" to wound, hurt; Cfig.j 
injure, hurt. *iony ? wounded. 

raniutklli f very early, matinal. 
*.0 "■? very early in the morning. 

ranka^, small wound. 

ranllkiem ^} early in the morning. 
*,ny " matinal , morning . . . ; 
wounded, •o ^ morning; z *.a, 
in the morning. -*o **? early in 
the morning; jutro *.o, to mor- 
row morning; kto -».o wstaje, temu 
Pan B6g daje, early to bed and 
early to rise, makes a man healthy, 
wealthy and wise. ^ 

rantuch "^ head-cloth. 

rapcie pi-, sword-belt. 

rapil' "IJ rapier, foil, 

raport ™ report, account. *o- 



wac 



to report, account. 



rapsod, --ysta "^ rhapsodist. » '^ 
•.ya ^, rhapsody, •yczny f rhap» 
sodical. 

raptllem **?. suddenly, all of a 
suddeo. '^ownosc ^, suddenness. 



raptowny 

hastiness, rashness. <*owiiy ^ 
sudden, hasty, rash, ^^ularz 'V 
sketch, outline, -us ^ (fo>m.J 
rage; maddish man. 

rapunknl, vid. roszpunka. 

rar6g "^ Comj mouse-hawk ; CfigJ 
monster. 

raslla^, race; breed, blood. *o- 
wy ? fkon) thorough-bred; of 
race. 

raszka^i ('om.J robin-redbreast. 

raszpla^, rasp. 

rata*i rate, instalment; payment 
by instalments, •.mi, by instal- 
ments. 

ratafia^, ratafia (fine liquor). 

rataj "J ploughman. 

ratilowac ^" to save, recover, free; 
help, aid. •>•. sif '"V to make 
one's escape, save oneself, •-o- 
wanie ^ deliverance, saving, •.u- 
nek "^ saving, rescue; help; nie 
m(fm,unkXL, it is past help ; •.tun- 
ta! help I ^nnkowy ^ przy- 
rzad •-•., appliance for rescuing 
drowning person. •unkowe 
probyy attempts at saving. 

ratusz ™ town-house, town-hall, 
•owy ^ of town-halL 

ratyfikacya ^, ratification. 

rant ^ rout, drum, crush. 

raz " stroke, blow; one time, 
time; one; case; •.u pewnego, 
once; na ten -», for this once; 
to kazdym ••ie, at any rate ; od *.u, 
at one jerk; « po •., from time to 
time; za pierwszym •.em, in the 
first instance; w >*.ie potrzehy, if 
need be, in case of need. 

raiacy ? (o kolorach etc. J glaring, 
loud ; shrill , sharp ; /'/z^ J shocking. 

razem "-^ together; at the same 
time; at once. [CfigJ shock, 

razic ^^ to wound; hurt; strike; 

razljnosc ^, quickness, briskness. 
*ny f agile, brisk. 

razony " struck, confounded. «. 
piorunenif struck by lightning; 
t'figj jak piorunem » (stanatj, 
dumbfounded 



reduta 



•239 



razowy f f^o macej coarse; chleb 
•,, Graham-bread; ammunition- 
bread. 

razporaz, vid. raz, 

rdest "' buckwheat, polygonum. 

rdza *^ rust; fna zbozuj smut, 
•wiec "^^^ to grow rusty , rust, 
•wy f rusty. 

rdzelln " marrow; (fig. J pith, 
quintessence, -nny *? marrowy, 
pithy; ffig.J quintessential. 

rdzewiec, vid. rdzawiec. 

reallgowac '^? to react, -.kcya^, 
reaction, •-kcyjny " reactive. 

realllista "^ realist, -istyczny ? 
realistic, •izm™ realism, --nosc ^, 
reality, •-nosci pi-, real estate,- 
real things, -.ny " real ; szkota 
•-na, school where modern lan- 
guages and sciences are taught. 

reb "i (lasu) clearing, glade, m, 
acz "^y wood-cutter; swordsman. 

rebus "^ rebus. 

r§by pl.t reversed side. 

recenllzent ™ critic, reviewer. 
«*zya^, critique, review. 

recepllis '^ certificate of delivery, 
-"ta ^, prescription, receipt, recipe. 

reces '^ (jur.) arrangement, com- 
pact, treaty. 

recydjrwlla ^, (med,) relapse, 
•ista ^ relapser. 

recytowac '"'f to recite. 

r^cznilik ^ towel, --y ^ manual. 
•a hron, hand- weapon. '^B.robota, 
handiwork, manual work, ^.y 
miyn, hand-mill. 

r^czyllc ^" to warrant, guarantee, 
give security. *ciel "^ bail 
guarantee. 

redallgowac '"^ to edit (a news- 
paper), -vkcya ^, editorship; 
editor's office. *ktor ^ editor 
(of a newspaper), •-ktorski ? 
editorial, editor's, •'ktorstwo 7 
editorship. 

rednkllcya ^, reduction. <»owac ^? 
to reduce, diminish. 

rednta^, /^/"orf.^ redoubt; masque* 
rade^ masked balL 



240 



refektarz 



refektarz "^ refectory. 

referenlldaxjnisz'^junior barrister. 
'O'darz ^ referendary, ^-t "^ re- 
porter, reviewer. 

refleklis ™ r/i'J reflection, reflex, 
-^sya ^, meditation, reflection. 



.towac 



to draw the atten- 



tion to. *- •. si§ '"** to consider 
attentively; (fig.) collect one'self. 

reformlla ^, reform, •-acya *', refor- 
mation, reform ; the Reformation, 
•.at"^ Recollect, •-ator" reformer, 
-'atorski^reformatory.^-owac^^ 
to reform, -owany ^ koscidt 
*.<»>, the Reformed Church. •* 
ewayigelik, Reformist. 

regata^, regatta. 

regencya etc , vid. rejencya etc. 

regiment, vid. puik. -^arz ^ com- 
mander, chief, vice-hetman. 

reguiHa ^, (gram.) rule ; rule (of an 
order); <*^ trzech, rule of the three, 
rule of proportion, -lacya ^, re- 
gulation, -.lamin "!? by-laws, 
regulations pi. -larnosc \ regu- 
larity; Cmed.J monthly courses. 
-lamy ^ regular. *.lator "^ re- 
gulator, governor, -lowac *"? 
to regulate, arrange. 

rehahilitacya ^, rehabilitation. 

Te\ ^ mastery. * wodzic, to lead. 

reia^, saCing-yard. 

rejenl|cya<; regency; government, 
regehtship. ^-f^ regent; notary, 
-"tka^, regentess. 

rejestr *? register, record ; index, 
' "'^ to 
re- 



'Owac 



list ; organ-stop, 
register, record. •'OWy 
gistrational ; registrate. 

rejterllada ^, retreat, -.owac '"V' 
to retire, make a retreat. 

reiwach "^ alarm, riot. 

rf klla *i hand ; arm ; hand-writing ; 
(fig.) podac komu •.^, to offer 
assistance, assist; (fig.) wyciagac 
0m^, to ask relief; majacy rjce, 
armed; z pierwazej •!, at first 
hand; na swoja •-§, upon one's 
own account, of one's own head; 
j)o lewej (prawejj rpce, on the left 



rekwiem 

(right); «. w m,q, hand in handj 
pod -»a, at hand, ready; (w kar- 
tachj l)y6 na •.u, to have the lead ; 
(fig. J zalozyc rpce, to fold one's 
hands, to lie upon one's oars; 
to mi nie na «*^, this comes in 
very awkwardly. 

rekapitulacya ^, recapitulation. 
r§kaw ^ sleeve. «.ek "^ small 
sleeve; muff, •'ica, *iczka ^, 
glove ; (fig.J rzucic --ice, to throw 
downthe gauntlet, defy*". «.iczuic- 
two '", gloving. -iczniJi '^ glover, 
reklamila ^, puffing advertisement, 
^-acya * claim, reclamation. ».o- 
wac ^f? to claim, reclaim; puff, 
cry up. 

rfkodzielllnia *", manufactory. 
-^Iniczy ^ manufactural , manu- 
facturing. ^-Inictwo "J trade, 
profession. -Inik '^ manufac- 
turer. *.l:o ^ Dianufacture, handi- 
work. 

rekognoskowac ""^ reconnoitre, 
rfkojesc *", handle; hilt (of a sword), 
rfkojmia^, guaranty, surety. 
rekolekcya ^, exercise of penance, 
rekomendllacya ^, recommenda- 
tion, ^-acyjny '^ of recommen- 
dation, •.owac'^'f to recommend, 
commend. 

rekonesans ^ (mil.) reconnais- 
sance, reconnoitre, 
rekonwalescent '^ convalescent. 
r§kopisl|lIl ^ manuscript, -fc-ino- 
wy, -^owy ^ manuscript, 
rekreacya ^, recreation, diversion, 
leisure. 

rekmllcki ? recruiting, of recruit 
<»»t ^ recruit; (fam.J novice. <i-tO- 
wac "^f to recruit, -towanie ^ 
A-tacya^, recruiting, recruit, 
rektor 'J rector, head -master. 
-ski ? rector's, -.stwo " rector- 
ship. 

rektyfikllacya^, rectification. •►O' 
wac '^f to rectify, ac^just 
rpkurs "^ (j^r.J recourse. 
rekTiza^t refusal. [the dead. 

rekwiem 1 requiem, service for 



rekwizycya 

rekwizyllcya^, request, requisition. 

-"ta pi. (te.J properties pi. 
relallcya*", relation, report, •-ty- 

wnosc, vid. lozglpdnosc. ^-tywiiy, 

vid. zvzgledny. 

relegllacya *", -owanie " relega- 
tion, rustication. *.owac ^f to 
rusticate. 

jfeligrilla *", religion, -ant "? pious 
luan. --antka*", religious woman, 
•■jnosc ^, religiousness, -"jny ^ 
religious. 

relikwia ^, relic, -.rz, --rzyk "^ 
shrine, reliquary. 

rels ^ fkolei zelaznejj rail. 

remanent ",' residue , arrears pi. 
-owy " outstanding. 

remiza^, coach-house. 

remonstracya *", remonstration. 

remontila ^, supply of horses for 
the cavalry, ••owy " kon *. — , 
remount. 

remuneracya*", remuneration. > 

ren *^ i^zo.J reindeer. 

renegat '^ renegade. 

renesansowy f *- styl. Renas- 
cence style. 

reneta^, rennet, queen-apple. 

renifer "^ (zo.^ reindeer, •-owy f 
of reindeer. 

renkloda, vid. rynkloda. 

renoma *", renown, fame. 

renons "",' fw kartachj renounce. 

renski " Rhenish. *e wino, hock, 
Rhenish wine. «w zloiij, florin. 

renta*", rent, revenue; rent, rente. 

repariiacya <", repair, -^owac '"f 
to patch, botch, repair, mend, 

repartycya *", repartition. 

repertuar "^ repertory. 

repetycya^, repetition, [peater. 

repetyer "^ repeating -watch, re- 

replikila ^, ('jurj counterplea, re- 
tort; reply. «.owac ^" rj"^ J to 
counterplead. 

represyjny " repressive. 

reprezentllacya ^ representation : 
representatives pi. *.acyjny ? 
representative, •.ant ",' repre- 
sentative. *owac^" to represent. 
Czfsc polsko-angielska. 



rezerwoar 



241 



reprodukcylla ^, reproduction, 
-jny " reproductive. 

reprymanda ^, reproof, reprimand. 

republika ^, republic, -.nin "^ 
republican, -xnizm ^ republi- 
canism. *.nski ^ republican. 

reput:lacya^ renown, reputatioc. 
--owany " renowned. 

reskrypt "^ rescript, decree, write 

resor ",' CsprpzynaJ spring. 

respekt "^ respect, esteem. 

restaurllacya *", restoration; di- 
ning-rooms j:;^. *.ator^ restorer; 
tavern - Iceeper. . -^-owac ""f to 
restore; mend, repair. 

restrykcya*", restriction. 

restytucya^, restitution. 

resursa ^, club (body of members). 

resztii'a ^, rest, residue, remainder ; 
do -vy, entirely, altogether. -*.ka^» 
remnant. *.ki pi. , remains pL 
-^ujacy ?■ outstanding, remnant 

retman "^ boatsman, boatswain. 

retor ",' rhetor, -yczny ^ rhe- 
torical. '»'yka^, rhetoric. 

retorta*", retort. 

retuszli'er^ retoucher, •.owac'^^ 
to retouch, ^-owanie "J retouch- 

rety *, gemini! [ment. 

reumatyllczny ^rheumatic, -vzni™ 
rheumatism. 

rewanz '^ fw grzej revenge. 

rewerber ^ reverberator. 

rewerenda^, clergyman's gown. 

rewers ",' reciprocal obligation or 
bond. 

rewi'la ^, fmil.J review, muster, 
^-dowac ^^ to revise, review. 
-'ZOr'^ controller, reviser, -zya*", 
revision, revisal; revise. 

rewolucylla^, revolution, ^yay^ 
revolutionary, -^-onista '^ revo- 
lutionist. •'Gnizowac ^^ revo- 

rewolwer '^ revolver, [lutionise. 

rezeda*^ ^6of.^ reseda, mignonette. 

rezerwila *", Cmil.) reserve, body of 
reserve; reserve, reserveduess. 
•-rsta "^ reservist. *owac ^^. to 
save, reserve. -*owy? reserve,., j 
rest ... -oar '^ reservoir. 



242 rezolucya 

rezolullcya ^, resolution; ••t *J 
resolute man. *.t^osc ^, resolute- 
ness, resolution.' «.tliy ^ reso- 
lute, determined. 

rezon *? boldness, courage, •o- 
wac "^ to argue, dispute. 

rezonans ^7 sounding-board. 

rezultat ^7 result. 

rezylldencya *1 residence, -dent*^ 
resident, -^dowac^^ to reside. 

rezyprnllacya *", resignation. *.o- 
wac ^ to resign. 

reiyser '^ stage- manager. *»ya^, 
(ttj management. 

robailctwo ^ worms pi. ^czek " 
small worm, vermicule. «-*. 
awiptojanaki, glow-worm, •-czko- 
waty ^ wormshaped, vermiform. 
*«czkowy ^ peristaltic, •czy- 
wiec^" to become worm-eaten. 
-•czywy " mity, worm-eaten. 
«*k™ worm;^to owocu e<c.> maggot. 

rober 'J Cw grzej rubber. 

robljic ""^V" to make ; do ; labour, 
work; fwiosiem, hronia etc.) 
handle or wield; fo trunkachj 
ferment, work, •.ic swoja powin- 
noic, to do one's duty, •.ocizna ^, 
socage; hard labour, •.oczy " 
industrious ; working, work, ••o- 
ta ^, work, labour; make, making; 
przy '^'OCie, a working ; mU6 co do 
«*Oty, to have business, be oc- 
cupied. •.6tka^, hand- work. 

TObotnlJioa ^, work- woman, female 
hand. «vicy pi., ivork - people. 
•-iczy ? workmen . . . ; zapiata 
'^icza, wages, hire. -*ik "^ work- 
man, labourer. «.y ^ industrious ; 
working; kon «wy, draugbt-horse. 

roch '^ CrybaJ ray. 

roozniliak " yearling. *ica ^, 
anniversary. -*.ie <*f yearly, •.y ^ 
yearling, yearly. 

Xddlj kind, race; lineage, family, 
descent. m» ludzki, mankind; 
Todem z . . . , native of . . . 

rodllak'^ fellow-countryman, com- 
patriot. *ny " fertile. «»ne 
czfsci, genitals j>Z. <«-opis 'J ge- 



r6j 

nealogist. -^owity ^ born, ••o- 
w6d "y pedigree, genealogy. «,o- 
wy ? imi^ -owe, family name, 

rodzaj ^ 4tind, species; (gram-) 
gender; genus, species; sort. <« 
ludzkij mankind. -*.ii08C^, ferti- 
lity. *ny ^ fertile, productive ; 
genital ; czp^ci -.ne , genitals pi. 
•-owy " generic. 

rodzllenie " generation, procrea- 
tion, -^enstwo " brothers and 
sisters, -.ic "^ begetter, •.ice pl-i 
parentspZ. -.ic ^^ to bear (a child); 
beget, produce, bring forth. « « 
si^^r to be born; be produced, 
brought forth. Mcielka^, mother, 
-'icielski" parental, -^imosc*". 



genuineness. 



'imy 



native, 



genuine, -wina ^, family; rela- 
tions pL, belongings p'l. •.in- 
ny ? family, natal. [german. 

rodzonllititki, -^y ^ n>rat etc.) full, 

rodzynek ^^ raisin, currant. 

r6g "^ horn ; (do prochuj powder- 
horn ; corner, nook. «. myUiivskU 
bugle, bugle -horn. «. ohfitoici, 
cornucopia, horn of plenty; rogipl.^ 
horns p^, antlers pJ.; ciemno jak 
w rogu, it is very dark; grac na 
rogu, to blow a horn. 

rogallcizna ^, horned cattle, black 
cattle. *cz '^ roe -buck; hor- 
ned beetle; f^oso&a>/ cuckold, •-l'^ 
(pieczywoj Freneh roll; (figj 
cuckold. 

rogatllka*", -^M pi., turnpike, bar; 
square cap. -.y ^ horned. «»y« 
wka^, square cap. 

rogilowaty " horn -like, horny, 
-owlec ™ (mineral.) chert. •'OWe ^ 
toll on horned cattle, -^dwka^i 
(anat.) cornea ; (ataromodna) 
hoop-petticoat, crinoline. 

rogowllnik ^ horn-maker, worker 
in horn. *y ^ corneous, horn . . • 
•.y biyszcz, horn-blend. 

rogollz "; -zina *", rush, -zaj^zka *! 
rush-mat. *zi ^ rush . . . 

rohatyna*", javelin, [crowd. 

r6j ^, swarm; (ludzi) midtitude. 



rojalista 



rotmistrz 



243 



rojali'sta '^ royalist, -zm "^ ^ 
royalism. 

roilic si§ ^V to swarm. *. •. sobie 
(o czemj to fancy, imagine, co ci 
sip -*i w gtoivie! you dream, 
-jenie "J swarming; dreaming, 
idle fancy , czas •. jenia, swarming- 
time. *- sif 1 swarming; ffigj 
crowd , crowding, •.jnie <^? by 
swarms, •'jnik "J (hot. J house- 
leek, -^jny " swarming, -^jo- 
wisko \ fiudzij bwarra, crowd, 
riownik '^ Cbot.j balm. 

rok "^ year; pora •.u, season. 
» w «^, -* roczniey every year; 
tego -.XL, this year. -* przestepny, 
leap-year. -ipZ., fjur.J assizes j>i. 

rokicina^, osier, basket- willow. 

rokoko 1 (arch.J rococo. 

rokosz "^ rebellion, -.anin ^ 
mutineer. 

rokowallc ^?" to deliberate; ne- 
gotiate, treat; betoken, promise, 
•'llie \ negotiation , transaction. 

roll!a*", field, acre; (te.) character, 
part; grac -e, to play a part; 
(fig.) make orVut a figure. «*nic- 
two ^ agriculture, husbandry. 
'•'lliczy " agricultural; agrarian, 
farmer's, -.nik "^ husbandman, 
piougher •.ny " agricultural. 

rolada, vld. rulada. 

rolos "J sun-blind, roller-blind. 

romanek ^ (lot.) wolfs milk. 

romans ^ romance, novel; love- 
atfair. -ista, -opisarz ™ ro- 
mancer, novelist, novel - writer 



•.owac 



to be in love-affairs. 



-^owosc ^, being in love, •owy^ 

love . . . 
romantyczllnie "p romantically. 

-nose *", romanticness. •ny 'f 

romantic; szkoia '^u&t the Ko- 

mantic School, 
romanlltyk'; romantic, -tyzm'i; 

romanticism. 
ronild, *t "V patrol, 
rondlleL -'lik, vid. ra.del, •el ^, 

partenA 



ronic "^f to drop, let fall ; (rogi) 

shed. •. sie ^T to strip olf the 

pellicle, shed horns, 
roplja^, matter, pus. •a ziemna, 

rock-oil, petroleum, -ic ^" * * 

sie ^r -iec "^^ to suppurate, 
fester, ••ienie, •>• sif ? sup- 
puration, maturation. -isty, 
*ny ^ suppurative, purulent. 

ropucha *", toad , paddock ; (fig.) 
ugly wretch. 

roraty pi-, morning-service; ma- 
tins (in the advent-season). 

rosa ^, dew. •. ranna, morning 
dew. •. wieczoma, evening dew. 
«. pada, it thaws. 

rosada, vid. rozsada. 

rosbif "^ roast-beef. 

rose, vid. rosnac. 

roscic '"'^ (praico lub pretensye) to 
lay claim to, pretend. 

rosijlc '"'^ to bedew, sprinkle, 
water, -.czka^, fbot.) sun-dew. 
•'Sty ^ dew. 

roslin!!a ^, plant, --a pnaca sip, 
creeper, climbing plant; krolestwo 
• , vegetable kingdom, -ka ^, 
small plant, -.nosc ^, vegctability, 
vegetation, -ny ? vegetable. 

roSiliosc *", robustness, tallness. 
*iy « tall, robust. *.nac ""f to 
grow; CfigJ to increase." »>m, w 
gore, to grow up. 

rosocha, vid. rozsocha. •.ty ? bi- 
furcated, 

rosoi "^ broth, beaf-tea. •> z kuv 
czat, chicken broth. 

rosomak "^ (zo.) wolverene. 

rostruclian ^, goblet, large cup. 

roszczenie ^ claim, pretention, 
title (to). 

rOSZCzka, vid. rdzdika. 

roszpijnka^i Chot.) rampion. 

roszt '^ fire- dog. winniczy, 

espalier for wines. 

rotlla *; band, gang; (mil.) file, 
company; (przysiegi) formulary 
(of an oath), -acya^, rotation; 
rotation of crops, -.man, vid. 
retman. •mistrz "^ captain of 



244 rotmistrzowstwo 

cavalry. *inistrzowstwo "J cap- 
tainship of cavalry. -owy " 
•,«. ogieii, dropping fire. •«* 
oficer, captain. *.unda ^, round 
building, rotunda. 

r6w "^ ditch, trench. 

rowliek ^, channel. -».isty ? full 
of ditches, --kowac ^^ to chan- 
nel, --kowaty ? channelled. 

r6wie!lnnica, -nniczka, •'Snica*', 
(female) companion, con.sort; 
coeval woman. -%.nnik, •'Snik /^ 
companion, comrade, consort; 
coeval man. 

r6willjac "^f to even, smooth, 
level ; equal , equalise ; ^2 kirn) 
compare with. «. •- sif ^f to 
place oneself on a par. -^acz '^ 
smootliing-plane. *ranie " eve- 
ning, levelling; equalisation; 
(mat.) equation. -^ia *", level 
ground, plain; equipoise, equi- 
librium; klasc to ->.\ z Mm, to 
place on a par with . . . ; stanac 
z kirn na •-i, to place oneself on 
a par with . . . *.ianka ^, nosegay, 
-ie, ^-iez "J^ equally, likewise, 
also, too. 

r6wnillk'^ equator (line), -.kowy" 
tropical, equatorial, •'iia^, plain, 
level ground. 

r6wno " lil^e, alike; evenly, plain- 
ly ; equally ; nevertheless. «.bo- 
CZny ?■ fgeomj equilateral ; Ctroj- 
katj isosceles, •-bok "^ equilate- 
ral, •.brzmiacy " homonymous. 
-^CZesny " contemporary, •kat- 
ny " equiangular, --ksztait- 
nosc ^, Cmin.J isomorphism. 
«*ksztattny ^ of the same form 
or shape, -^.legiy '^ parallel, 
•-legiobok '^ parallelogram. «. 
leznik "^ parallel, -nocny ? 
equinoctial, •-rainienny ^ (viatj 
isosceles, -.rzedny " of equal 
rank, •.rzutnia *i (mat.) para- 
bola. 

r6wil!l0SC *i equality; parity; 
levelness. -.y " equal; level, 
plain, even; like. 



rozb}'ysna6 

r6wno!lTiprawnienie " -.waga^, 
equilibrium, equipoise, balance; 
horizontality ; (fig.) --wSiga. poli- 
tyczna, balance of power. -*waz- 
nik "^ (chem.) equivalent, -.wa- 
zyc^'f to contrepoise, equilibrate. 
* <*> si§ ^r to equilibrate, •-^nacz- 
nosiS \ synonymy, -.znaczny ^ 
synonymous. 

r6wny, vid. rownoSc. 

r6z "^ paint, rouge. 

r6za*", rose, rosebush; (med.) St. 
Anthony's fire. •- polna, wild- 
rose; jasm •», dog-rose, '^ncowyf' 
of rosary. *.niec ™ rosary, chaplet 
of beads, -^ny " rose . . , , of 
roses; rosy, rose-coloured; olejek 
m, /•,, attar of roses. 

rozbeczec si§ ""f Cfa^n.) to burst 
into tears. 

rozbestwillac, *c ^^ to brutalise, 
make brutal, ^ * sie '^f to bru- 
talise, become brutal^ 

rozbillc, -jac '"^ to smash to 
pieces; (namiotj pitch; (nieprzy" 
jaciela) defeat, disperse. ••c 



81§ 



to b'b dashed to pieces, 



be crushed; (o okrpcie) strand, 
shore, •.cie" shattering, dashing, 
•»*. okrptu, shipwreck. 

rozbielldz sif , -gac si§ ^f to 
take a run; disperse; (0 koniach) 
to bolt. 

rozllbierac, -.ebrac'^? to undress; 
sift, clear up; take to pieces; 
(dom etc.) pull down") (gram.) 
parse; (fig.) analyse; ^fcro/y dis- 
member. *bieranie^ undressing; 
analysis. 

rozbijac "^f to go on the highway 
robbery, vid. rozhic. 

rozbi||6r ^ (dzieiaj examination, 
analysis ; ^c/ic7/jj analysis ; (kraju) 
dismemberment, --orowo **? ana- 
lytically, '•.orowy ^ analytical. 

rozbit, ♦ek '? shipwrecked per- 
son, castaway, -.ki jsi., fragments; 
(o okrptachj wreck. 

rozbiysnac '^V' to shine forth. 



rozboj 



rozdniefi 



245 



rOz"b6j ™ robbery, highway rob- 
bery, •.niczo '^? predatorily. 
•niczy ^ predatory, -nik "i 
brigand, higbwaymaa. »*.m.moT8ki, 
pirate, free-booter. 

rozbolec sie ^^ to ache, pain, 
feel pain ; giowa 7ni sip rozbolata, 
my head aches. 

rozllbrajac, vid.rozhroic. -brat "J 
breach \oi friendship), disunion. 
•"^ ac sie ^r (z kimj to break 
with a person. 

rozbrollic '"f to disarm; CfigJ 
soothe, appease, -jenie "? dis- 
arming; /^/i^r.; soothing, •.jony^ 
disarmed ; (^fig.J appeased. 

rozbrykac si§ ^f to become pe- 
tulant, grow unruly. 

rozbudzllac, -ic '^? to awaken, 
rouse. - •, sie '"T to awake, 
rouse oneself. 

rozbujac ^" to swing, m, sie '^^ 
to swing; ("figj to luxuriate'', to 
indulge in excesses. 

rozchetznac, vid. rozkielznac. 

rozch||6d '^ expense, expenditu- 
res pi. -odnik '" ("botj house- 
leek, -wodowy ^ of expenditure. 
--Odzic "^^ fhuty) tread out, 
widen by treading. *odzic sie ^f 
to go asunder; (o towarzystwiej 
break up, part; separate; ("o 
chmurach etc.J to disperse, be dis- 
persed. 

rozcliorowac sie ""f to fall sick. 

rozchwiac '"" (fig.) to frustrate, 
thwart. -. si§ ^T (fiO-J to fall 
to the ground, come to nothing. 

rozciac ^^ to cut asunder, cut 



up, dissect. 
rozciagilac , 



•nac *^ to stretch. 



stretch out, rack; enlarge. *. «*. 
sie ^r to extend; stretch. -adio'J 
tenter, cloth- frame, -.liwosc ^, 
expansibility; dilatability. •^li- 
wy " expansible, •-lose *", ex- 
tention, expansion, •.iy f wide, 
large, extensive, 
rozciecie \ dissection. 



rozcierl'ac ^? to grind to powder, 
triturate, bray; bruise, crush, 
-^alny " triturable , triable, 
•-anie " trituration. 

na * -» . wide open. 



rozhciez, .-'^ - -, 
-"Cinac, vid. rozciac. *cwierto 
wac ^"^ to quarter. 
- va to 



encharm, 



rozczarowac 

dibenchant. 

rozczeslac, -ywac ^? to comb 
asunder, comb olf. 

rozcztonkowac^'" to limb, dissect. 

rozczochrac ^'" to dishevel, touse. 

rozczuliiac , -ic ^" to move or 
touch strongly, affect strongly. 
<*> <- si§ ^r to be affected strong- 
ly, -xajacy " heart- stirring, 
moving. ^*enie ^ emotion, mo- 
ving. 

rozczyn"; fchcmj solution ; leaven. 



rozczyniiiac, *ic 



(ptynj to 



dissolve, melt; fviakej impaste. 
-nik '^ dissolvent, -owy f dis- 
solvent. 

rozczytac sie ^f to delight in 
reading; get'acquainted with by 
reading. 

rozdallc, -'Wac ^^ to distribute, 
spend, -^nie ^ distribution, spen- 
ding.^ 

rozdac, vid. rozdymac. 

rozdarllcie " laceration, tearing 
asunder. ^-ty ?" rent , toru 
asunder. 

rozdarowac '"'? to make a pre- 
sent of, give away. 

rozdasac si§ ^r to grow angry. 

rozdawllac, vid. rozdac. -ca '^ 
distributer, •.nictwo 'J investi- 
ture with ; liberality, munificence. 
••niczy " investing, investitive. 

rozdelicie ^ intlation , swelling, 
-ty ? blown up. 

rozdeptllac, -►ywac ^" to tread 
down, crush by treading on; 
fohua-iej widen by treading.^ 

rozdmnchiiac, -iwac, -nac ""^ 
to blow away; fogienj blow into 
a flame; ffig.J kindle. 

jrozdniec, vid. rozedniec. 



246 



rozdol 



rozdot '^ deep den. 
rozdrabiac, vid. rozdrohU, 
rozdlapllac, ^ywac ^f to wound 

by scratching; lacerate, tear to 

pieces, 
rozdraznillc, -.ac ^" to irritate, 

make angry; fumysly) excite. 

-enie 1 irritation, excitement of 

anger, •^ony " excited. 
rozdrobllic, *nic """ to crumble, 

divide into minute parts, 
rozdroze \ cross-road, 
rozdwilajac, *oic ""^ to cleave, 

split; (fig.J disunite. *.*. si^^f 

to fork, •.ojenie "? forking, fur- 
cation; (JigJ disunion, 
rozdymac^" to blow up, inflate; 

(ogitnj blow into a flame, 
rozdzialli "^ division; discord; 

(w ksiazkachj chapter, paragraph. 

-wic/ -wiac '^^ fgpbp) to gape, 

open wide. 
rozdzielllac, -lie '"^ to divide; 

to separate; to distribute, •lenie \ 

partition, sharing; distribution. 

•«'ln0SC ^, separability, divisibility. 

— Iny ?• separable, divisible. 
r6zd^ka^, small verge, rod, twig. 

*. oliuma, olive-branch. •. czaro- 

dziejska. magic wand, 
rozdzieral'c "^^ to rend, tear to 

pieces, tear asunder. •.6 si§ ""X 

to be torn, burst asunder, •'jacy ^ 

(fig.) heart-breaking, 
rozdziergllac, -^nac ^? to tie up, 

unknot, untie. 

rozdzwiek ^J sound. 

rozebrac, vid. rozhieraS. 
r6zeczka^, small verge or wand, 
rozedniec 8i§ ^f to dawn; roz- 

dniato 5ip, the day has been 

breaking. 
TOzedrzec, vid. rozdzierai. 
rozegnac "^^ to disperse, drive 

asunder, drive away. [ing. 

rozegrac sif "^f ^^ot to cease play- 
rozejm "^ fktdtni) settling ; truce, 

armistice, -vowac ^f to divide, 

separate; (spdr) adjust, compose. 



rozgarmeme 

rozejrzec sif ^r to look round. 

rozejsc si§, vid. rozchodzid ai^. 

r6zek '^ little horn; feeler, ten*, 
tacle ; rozki pi. (hot.) carob, carob- 
tree. *. na proch, powder-horn. 

rozemknac ""^ to open , widen. 
•- sif *^r to be opened. 

roien " roasting-spit, broach. 

rozepchllac, -nac ^^ to widen, 
enlarge, push ""asunder; feed, 
fatten; C fig.J bloat, make rain. 

rozeprzec, vid. rozpierac. 

rozerwallc ""^ to rend (asunder); 
f fig.J divert, amuse, -c 8i§ "^f 
to rend; ffig.J to divert oneself, 
seek diversion, •-nie " diversion ; 
discord, dissension; absence of 
mind. 

rozerznac '"f to cut asunder. 

rozeschlily *? leak, dried in. 
•-nac sif ^f to dry in, leak. 

rozllesiac, '•'Syiac^" to forward, 
send off. [extend. 

rozllesiac, •'Scieiac ^" to spread, 

rozespany '^ sleepy, drowsy. 

rozetka^, rosette; rose-diamond. 

rozeiltknac '^^ to push asunder; 
feed, fatten, •.trzec, vid. rozcierac. 
«^wrzec '"'^ to open, open wide. 
•. -« sie "^ to open , be opened. 

rozeznallc, -wac'"?' to distinguish, 
discern. *.nie ^ distinction, dis- 
cernment. «*"wczy ^ distinctive. 

rdzglla^, verge, wand, switch; hiegac 
przez -e, to run the gauntlet. 

rozgalldac, --dywac ^f to divulge, 
blab out. •.dac sie ""T do* *o 
cease chatting, •.danie, -•-dy- 
wanie'J tale-bearing, divulgation. 

rozgai^llzac, -zic ""^ to ramify. 
-" -» si^ ^r to ramify, •-zlenie " 
ramification, •-ziony'? branchy; 
ramified. 

rozganiac, t>id. rozegnac. 

rozgardyasz ^ hurly-burly. 

rozgarnllac, --iac ''? to separate 
or sunder by scratching, to push 
asunder, •.ienie 1 separation, 
pushiDir asunder; CfigJ intelli- 



rozgamigty 

gence, sensibleness. •-iety, •'io- 
ny*^ separated, dispersed; CfigJ 
intelligent, sensible 

rozgaszczac sif , vid. rozgoScid sip.- 

rozgatunkowac ^" to sort, assort. 

rozgillac, --nac ^? to relax, un- 
bend. '' 

rozgtilaszac , -osic ""^ to make 
known, set abroad, divulge. -OS ^ 
echo; ^^gf.^ publicity; ^/igr J cele- 
brity, renown. •.osicieH divulger. 
•osny " resounoing; ffigj re- 
nowned, -oszenie " divulging. 

rozgmatwac '"f to disentangle, 
unravel. 

rozgnilatac, -esc ^? to crush, 
squash. 

rozgniewac '"^ to irritate, make 
angry. — sif ^ to grow angry. 

rozgorzec '"V' *• sif ^V to take 
fire, be inflamed. 

rozgoscic sif ^T* to make oneself 
comfortable , to take up one's 
quarters with . . . 

rozgospodarowac si§ ""T fu kogoj 
to take one's quarter with a person. 

rozgotowllac , -ywac ^f to boil 
to pieces or rags. 

rozgrljadzac, -odzic ''^ to remove 
the fence; fence in. 

rozgraniczHac, •-yc ^f to fix the 
limits of, to mark of. ••eilie ^ 
demarcation. 

roz^om ^ conquering, conquest 
-ic ^^ to conquer, overcome. 

rozgryllzc, -zac ^^ to bite to 
pieces; (orztch) to break by 
cracking, to crack. 

rozgrzllac, -ewac ^^ to warm, 
make warifii. —any ^ heated, hot. 

rozgrzebliac, -ywac ^^ to dig up. 

rozgrzeszllac, •yc '"^ to free from 
sin, purify. - - sif *T (P-9'J •* • 
si^ na cOf to indulge oneself 
"with . . . -enie ^ absolution, 
rozgrzewalljacy f warming; Co 
napojachj heating, -nie ^ warm- 
ing, heating. 
rozllgwar.-liowor™ noise, bustle. 



rozkazujacy 247 

rozhukallc sif "^^ to break out 
into a rage; be unchained, -ny? 
raging, blustering, dissolute. 

rozhnlac sif ^r to fallinto de- 
bauchery, [dissolute fellow. 

rozhtiltaic 8i§ , to become a 

rozjac, vid. rozejmowac. 

ro^adilowic^" to put into a rage. 
-- sie ^r to be in a rage, to 
rage, -tosc ^, exasperation, -ty? 
exasperated. 

rozjasniilac, ^c ""^ to brighten, 
clear up; CfigJ exhilarate, clear 
up. - - si^ ^r to clear up, be- 
come fair, -enie "J clearing up. 

ro^atrzllac, -yc '"? to fester; 
ffigj irritate, exasperate. - — 
sif ^r to suppurate; CfigJ to 
grow angry, -enie "J festering; 
CfigJ irritation, exasperation. 

rozjilazd "^ riding off or away; 
(mil. J ramble; bird-net; (kolti 
zelaznejj switch, siding, -echac *'f 
to crush or destroy by driving 
over. — - sie ""f to drive away 
or ride away*" in different parts, 
-echanie sif ^ depart. 

rozjemUca ^ arbiter, umpire, 
-czy*? sad - -, arbitration, award. 

rOZ[|iesC ' Si§ , vid. rozjadad sif. 
— jezdzac, vid. rozjechac. 

rozigrac 8i§ T to become petu- 
lant, become wanton. 

rozindyczyc ^^ to make one co- 
lour up. - sif ^r to colour 
up out of anger. 

rozjuczllac, *yc "f to ungird the 
pack-saddle. 

rozjuszllac, -^yc ^? to put into a 
rage. - -, sif '"T to be in a rage» 
to rage, -enie " enragement. 

rozkaz ™ command, order, man- 
date. — dzienny, order of the 
day; 8pelni6 -, to execute an 
order; tjego -u, at his command- 
-y pi., Cmil.J command. — ac, 
-y^ac ""^"^ to command, order ; 
rule, govern, -ly^co "f impe- 
riously, -ujacy " i mperious; 
Cgram.J imperative. 



2^8 rozkielznad 

rozMeizuac "^f to unbridle, [ful. 

rozkisiy " fermented ; ffig.J sloth- 

rozkiad '^ distribution, disposi- 
tion; decomposition. *.ac ^"^ to 
spread, extend; decompose, de- 
compound; distribute, dispose; 
(ksiazk^J open; take to pieces; 
(mil.) quarter. *-%. si§ '"X to 
stretch ; (mil.) be quartered ; de- 
compose. *.owy ?• of decompo- 
sition. 

rozklepac ^f to flatten, flat. 

rozkleliic, -wjac ^^ to unglue. 

rozklektac '''" -^ kovm gtowf, to 
set a person's head whirling. 

rozkochac si§ "X f^ ^^''^J to fall 
in love with. 

rozkolnik ™ Raskoinik. [agitate. 

rozkoiysac '"'f to cause to swing, 

rozkopllac, *ywac '"? to demo- 
lish by digging; fwaij to raze. 

rozkorzenic si§ '"'^ to take root. 

rozkosz ^, pleasure, delight, -^-ni- 
ca ^, voluptuous woman, •.nie, 
-no «-? delightfully, blissfully; 
voluptuously, •.nik'^ voluptuary, 
sensualist, -.-nosc ^, delightful- 
ness, blissfulness. -ny " delight- 
ful, blissful; voluptuous, -.owac 
sif "^r to live a wild life; Cczem 
lub w czemj to be delighted, enjoy 
oneself with. 

rozkowac, vid. rozkuc. 

rozkowaty ^ horn-shaped. 

rozkraczllac, -yc ^^ to spread out 



si§ 



<*. nogi, to straddle. 



rozkralldac, -n-sc ^^ to steal away 
(many things) 



rozkrllajac, -awac, ^oic 



to 



cut up, cut to pieces, carve. 

rozkrellcac, --cic ^^ to untwist, 
unwind, reel off. m. m. si§ ^X to 
be untwisted, unwind, [crumb, 

rozkruszllac, -•yc ^" to crumble, 

rozkrwawiiiac , -^ic ^f to make 
bloody; ("fig.J serce mu sip •.ia, 
his heart bleeds. 

rozkryllc, -wac "f to unveil, un- 
cover, -^ty ? unveiled. 

rozkrzewillac , -.c """ to trans- 



rozlega6 sig 

plant ; CfigJ propagate. * -w si^^f 
to be transplanted; CfigJ to b« 
propagated, -.enie " transplan- 
tation; ffigj propagation. 

rozkrzyczec si§ ''^*' to continue 
crying. [out. 

rozkrzyzowac ""^ (rpce) to spread 

rozkuc ^f to break with the ham- 
mer; to unfetter, unchain ; fkonia) 
unshoe. 

rozkudiallc ""^ fwiosy) to dis- 
h'^vel. *ny^ with dishevelled hairo 

rozkulbaczyc ^f to unsaddle. 

rozkup "; -ienie "J buying-up, 

rozkupllic, -owac ^^ to buy up. 

rozkurcz "^ C^ed.) diastole, dila- 
tation of the ventricle. 

rozkurczllac , --yc '"f to dilate, 
expand. 

rozkwilllac, -^lic ""^ to make weep 
or cry. ^ «. sie ""X to weep, cry. 

rozkwitllac, --nac '"^ to unfold, 
bloom; (fig. J revive. -*ly ^ 
blown, bloomed. 

rozlllac, -»ewac ^^ to spoil, pour 
out ; (kreioj shed. ^ •» si? ^f to 
pour out, be shed. 

rozlaczllac, -^yc ^? to separate, 
disjoin. *,«. sie ""X to. part, se- 
parate, -^enie "J separation, 
-nose ^, separability. -*ny ? 
separable. 

roztakomic^^ to set a person a 
longing, m. si§ ^r ^wa co> to 
become longing for. 

roziamllac, -^ywac ^"? to break 
to pieces , break. •. m. sig '^r to 
fall to pieces, be broken. 

rozlanie ^ *- krwi, blood -shedj 
slaughter. 

rozlllatywac si§, -eciec sie "f 
to fly off; disperse; fall to pieces, 
be smashed to pieces, be torn to 
pieces. 

rozlazic si§ T to disperse in 
creeping; (fig. J disappear. 

rozlazlliosc ^, remissness, remis- 
sion, slackness, -.-ty ^ remiss, 
negligent, slack. 

yozlegilac si^^r to sound, resound. 



^f (z kimj to 
[wort. 



. rozleg}os6 

4^0SC ^, spaciousness , wideness. 
•*iy " large, wide, spacious. 

rozlenic sie ^f to become quite 
idle. 

rozlew 'J overflow ; vid. rozlanie. 
•-ac, vid. rozlac. 

rozlezc sie, vid. roziazic sip. 

rozlicziinosc ^, manifoldness; great 
quantity, •-ny " manifold; nu- 
merous, •.yc si§ 
settle accounts with 

YOzidg ^ field, plain ; (T)ot.J navel 

rozioscic "^^ to anger. -. sig "^T 
to become angry. 

rozlosowac '"* to dispose of by 
lots, draw lots for. 

roziozyllc, vid. rozktadac. •-stO ^ 
expansively,extensively. •-stosc \ 
extensiveness. *.sty f expansive, 
extensive. 

rozhipllac, --ywac ^f to cleave, 
split. 

rozluznillc ""f to loosen, •.enie ^ 
looseness. 

rozmacilac, •'ic ^^ to mix up, 
stir ; "trouble. [brandish. 

rozmachac ^f to cause to swing, 

rozmaillcie «? differently, seve- 
rally, variously, -.tosc '*", mani- 
foldness, variety; fzdanj diver- 
sity, •-tosci pl. , miscellaneous 
news. *ty " manifold, di'&erent, 
various. 

rozmainany ^ bare-breasted, dis- 
orderly dressed. [wrinkle. 

rozmarszczllac , --yc , to un- 

rozmarjTi "^ Chot.J rosemary. 

rozmarzllac, -^nac ^? to thaw up. 
*anie " thawing up. 

rozmarziac, --yc ^^ to benumb, 
dull, intoxicate. ~enie "J be- 
numbedness, dulness, intoxica- 
tion, ^ony " <fe ? dreamer ; in- 
toxicated man. 

rozmawiac ^T to discourse, con- 
verse; fo czemj speak about or of. 

rozmazliac, -^ywac ^f to blot out 
by smearing; Cfig.J set abroad. 

roziniar'^measurement,measuring; 
dimension ; measure, proportion. 



rozniecifi 



249. 



I rozmiHatac, --esc ^^ io dissipate 
by sweeping. 

rozmi^kliac , -nac ^ to soak 
thoroughly, -vczac, -CZyc *'* 
to steep or soak thoroughly. 

rczmierzj.'ac, •'yc ^? to measure 
out. 

rozmieszac ^f to mix up, stir. 

rozmil'uac si§, «^jac sif T to 
miss each other; fz prawdaj not 
to adhere. 

rozmnllazac, '^'Ozyc^f to augment, 
multiply, increase. «.<• si§ ^f 
to multiply. *.ozeilie " multipli- 
cation, increase. •'Ozyciel ™ 
augmenter, multiplier. 

rozmollczyc^" to soak, wet through, 
moisten, •.kty ? soaked. * 
knac ^? to soak. [tangle. 

rozmotac ^f to untwist, disen- 

rozmowlla ^, conversation, dis- 
course, •.nose *i conversableness, 
affability, ^-ny f talkative, com- 
municative, conversable. 

rozm6wil!c si§ ""V (^ ^i'^J to con- 
verse with, confer with; to come 
to an understanding with one. 
--enie si§ " conference, conver- 

rozmykac, vid. rozemknac. [sation. 

rozmyllst "J consideration, delibe- 
ration ; purpose, design. «.slac^'? 
to meditate, consider, -^slanie "? 
meditation, consideration, •-slic 
si§ ^r to resolve upon; think 
better of it. •-slnie <^? with 
premeditation, premeditatedly; 
purposely. <*.sl2iOSC *", premedi- 
tation, •slny f premeditated. 

rdznillc ^? to distinguish, discern ; 
set at a variance, disunite, -.c 
sif *^r to distinguish oneself; 
(z kimJ fall out with a person; 
(xo zdaniuj to differ, •.ca ^, diffe- 
rence (tei aryt). «.<«. zdaii, diversi- 
ty of opinion , dissension. «, 
/Dzkowy f (mat.) m. «. racJiunekj 
differential calculus. «i.e **** diffe- 
rently. 

roznielicac , ••cic ^^ (ogien) to 
stir the fire ; (fig J excite, stir up. 



^50 



roznies6 



"'ifzyczny V many- 
"ksztattny " multi 



rozniesc, vid. roznosic, 

rdznolibarwnosc *i variegation, 
variety of colours, •-barwny, 
-►kolorowy " many - coloured, 
vdriegated. ^-boczny " (mat.) 
scalene. --io^TT/>.,-r,-.r « 
tongued. 

versant. •^litOSC, -TOdnosC ^, 
heterogeneity, difference, •'lity, 
-^rodny" various, manifold, he- 
terogeneous. *myslnosc ^, di- 
versity of opinion, ^plemieiiny *?, 
of different race or species. 
*SC ^, difference; diversity, va- 
riety. •. *. zdan, "diversity of 

.opinion, dissension, -wierca, 
vid. innowierca. -^znaCZliy " of 
different meaning. 

roznosillc"^" to carry about; (fig J 
divulge. •'Ciel "^ pedlar; ^nojyin^ 
tell-tale, divulger. 

r6z2iy? different; diverse, several. 

rozochocic ^" to gladden, cheer 

rozognic ^? to inflame. [up. 

rozorac ^*? to furrow by ploughing. 

r6zowiIac^" to paint, lay on rouge. 
*« ~ sie ^r ^0 put on rouge, -.o "? 
•.0 farbowad, to dye rosy. *y" 
rose . . . ; rose-coloured, rosy. 

rozpacz ™ despair, desperation; 
wpaJc w '^ to fall into despair; 
przywiesc do -.y, to drive to 
despair; z -^a, z-'y, desperately. 
•ac ^ (o kim, o czemj to despair, 
despond of ... ; fall into despair, 
•-liwy, '^ny ^ desperate. 

rozpadallc sie ^f --lo sip, it does 
not cease raining, vid. rozpaic sie. 

rozpadiiiina ^, -"Sko "J chap, cleft, 
cranny, -.sty f full of chaps, 

rozpajac, vid. rozpoic. [chappy. 

rozpakowllac, ^ywac ^^ to un- 
pack, open (a parcel). 

rozpaillac, -^lic '"'^ to heat; set 
fire to; (fig.J inflame, kindle. 
•'•' 8i§ '"r to take fire, be in- 
flamed ; glow. 

rozpamiftyllwac '^f to meditate, 
reflect upon, animadvert upon . . . 
•-wanie" reflection, meditation. 



rozplaka6 sig 

rozparac, vid. rozprdi. 

rozparty f pushed asunder, open- 
ed; lolling. 

rozpasllac, -^jrwac ^f to ungird; 
(fig.J to entice to. •. *. sie, to take 
off one's girdle; (fig.J become 
debauched, •.anie 'J ungirding; 
(fig.J dissoluteness. -*aiiy " un- 
girt; /^gr.^ unbridled, dissolute. 

rozpasc sif '"T to grow fat, fatten. 

rozpasc si§, rozpadac sif ""T to 
burst asunder; decompose. 

rozpatlirywac, --rzyc ^^ to exa- 
mine. •.- si§ ^r to look at; 
contemplate, consider. 

rozp^czniec ^^ to swell in water. 

rozpelld "^ onset, run, swing. *.do- 
wy"f koto -dowe, swinging- 
wheel, fly-wheel. *.dzic, -dzac^^ 
to disperse, dispel; (med.J dis- 
solve. *dzic si§ ^r to take a run, 

rozpfkn||%c "^^ to burst asunder, 
-^iety f burst. 

rozpf t!!ac ""^ unfetter, to unchain 
^lic ""^ to untie, unknot. 

rozpiac '=^'"f to stretch, spread; 
(na ramyj fasten, pin ; untie, un- 
lace; (surdutj unbotton; (sprza- 
czkpj unbuckle. -. zagle, to make 



sail. 



Sif 



to unbotton oneself. 



rozpic si§ ^f to take to drinking, 
rozpiecz^towac ^" (UstJ to open, 

unseal. 
rozpierac ""^ to open by pushing 

asunder, m, sie , to loll. — 
rozpierzchllnac si§ '"X to disperse, 

be scattered!" -.Jy f dispersed, 

scattered. 
rozpie'ilszczac, --scic ^f to coddle, 

spoil by too much tenderness, 

-"* si§ ^r to pamper oneself, 
rozpillfty "? stretched, spread; 

unbuttoned ; unbuckled- --nac, 

vid. rozpiac. 

rozpilowac ^^ to saw to pieces, 
rozpillsac, -^sywac ^f to issue, 

send out. « m, sig ^f to write 

much, enlarge. [tears, 

rozplakac sig ^r to burst into 



rozptaszcza6 

rozptasz'Iczac, *.czyc^f to flatten. 
rozplai;taCj -tywac "^ to untwist. 

rozpiaszac, vid. rozploszyd. 

rozpiatac ^" to slit, cleave, split. 

rozpiii6d, •odek^ increase.brood. 

-^adzac, <*odzic^f^ to transplant ; 

('fig J to propagate. *odowiec "J 

stallion, •-odowy ^ for breeding. 

rozpiomienic ^? to inflame 

rozploszyc ^f to scare away, 
frighten away. 

rozplyllnac sie , •'Wac sif '"T to 
dissolve, "^ melt" (away); ("figj «,«. 
Bie nad, to be charmed with . . . 

rozpocziiac, -yuac ^f to com- 
mence, begin, •.^cie 'J commence- 
ment, •'^ty '^ commenced, begun. 

rozpoic ^? to accustom to drink- 
ing, [divide into halves. 

rozpolHawiac. •'Owic ^? to halve, 

rozplldr, -orek "^ slit. 

rozporzalidzac, *dzic ^'f to dis- 
pose, arrange; settle, put in order ; 
order, -^dzenie ♦ institution; 
proscription, order. 

rozpollscierac, -strzec ^? to 
spread, stretch, •-starcie" spread- 
ing, -starty *? stretched, spread. 

rozpo!|wiedziec , ~wiadac '^^ to 
divulge, blab out. 

rozpowszechnijiac , •c ^f to 
spread, diflfuse. 

rozpozllnac, -nawac ""? to re- 
cognise, -vnanie, *nawanie 1 
recognition ; discernment, [out. 

rozpozy!!czac, -czyc ""f to lend 

rozpraszac, vid. rozproszyc.. 
rozprawi'a ^, transaction, nego- 
tiation ; dispute ; treatise, disser- 



tation. 



'lac 



to dispute, 



argue, ^m. sif, -IC sif 



rz 



kimj to fight a quarrel out, com- 
pound with, -.iacz '^ speaker, 
discusser. *.ianie ^ discussionr 
-*ka^, small treatise. 

rozprezliac, •-yc ^^ to dilate, 
•liwbsc*", dilatability. *liwy ? 
dilatable. 

rozprdc '*'? to rip up, slit; un- 
stitch, unsew; (hrzuchj rip open. 



rozrachowa6 251 

ropromienillac , -c ""^ to beam, 
beam forth, -enie \ radiation. 
•-Ony ? radiant, shining. 

rozprlloszenie "J dispersion, •o- 
szyc ""^ to scatter, disperse. 

rozprowaiidzic, •'dzac ^f to con- 
duct to, lead to; (farhyj to ap- 
ply to, lay on. 

rozpruc, vid. rozpr66. 

rozprysnac^f^ to burst into pieces. 
•- sie T to fly into pieces; 
crack, fiy away in dust or drops. 

rozprzi'adz, -►fgac ^f to unhar- 
ness, unyoke; separate. -. * si§ 'T 
to go asunder; (fig.) be broken 
up, dissolve. *.^zenie \ separa- 
tion; dissolution, [(all), sell out. 

rozprzeildac, ^dawac ^'" to sell 

rozprzestrzei.'uic, -niac ^" to en- 
largen, widen. 

rozpuk " do *,u sie smiac, to roar 
with laughter, split one's sides 
with laughter. 

rozpullscic, •'Szczac ""^ to dis- 
miss, discharge; fwojako etc.) 
break up ; dissolve, melt ; (sukniq.) 
enlargen, widen; ^jpog^o^fcey' spread 
out; unleash (dogs). -^^ 8i§ ^T 
to dissolve. *sta *^ debauchery ; 
dissoluteness, licentiousness. «» 
stnica ^, dissolute woman, 
•■stnik '^ debauchee, reveller. 
-Stny f dissolute, debauched. 

rOzpUSZCZOaC, vid. rozpu^dc. *al- 
nik ",' dissolvent, -alnosc^, su- 
lubility, dissolvability. -.alny ? 
soluble, dissolvable. *.enie ^ dis- 
mission; (wojska etc.) break-up; 
dissolution, -ony f (fig J frisky, 
wanton. 

ro^ychac, vid. rozepchac. 

rozpylllacz ^ atomiser, spray-in- 
strument. *ic ^f" to atomise. 

rozpyiltac 8i§, -tywac si§ ^V 
Co CO) to inquire or ask after. 

rozrabalic "^'^ to cut to pieces, cut 
asunder, •-nie " cutting asunder. 

rozrabiac, vid. rozrobic. 

rozraclillowac ^? to count (out). 



252 rozrachowa6 sig 

•"^ sif ^r f2 kimj to settle ac- 
counts with. *.unek '^ settling 
accounts. 

rozradowac ^" to rejoice, gladden 
much, * sif '^r to be very glad. 

rozriladzac si§, -"Odzic si§ ""f to 
multiply, increase, breed. *.o- 
dzeuie'^increasing,raultiplication. 



rozstraja6 sig 



rozranic 



to wound, hurt. 



rozr^bywac, vid. rozrabac. 
rozrobic^'^ to mix up, stir; undo. 
<^ na rzadko, to dilute. 

rozrllastac sif , -'Osc si§ ^f to 
grow stronger; come to full 
growth. -.osly " full-grown. 
-^OSt "^ growth; ffigj increase. 

rozr6zi!mc, *.niac '"^ to distin- 
guish, discern, -wnienie "? dis- 
tinction. 

roznillch " riot, uproar. *.chac, 
^■szac ^'^ to stir up; set going, 
move. •. -*. sie ^f to move, bestir 
oneself. 

rozrywilac, vid. rozerwac. -vka^, 
pastime; amusement, diversion. 

rozrzadzllac, -ic "^f ('czemj to dis- 
pose ""of; arrange, put in order. 
♦^enie^J arrangement, disposition. 
m. m, Opatrznosci, the dispensation 
of Providence. 

rozrzedzilac, -ic ^'f to attenuate, 
thin; (ptyn) dilute. ».enie "J at- 
tenuation; Cplynn) dilution; 
(powietrza) rarefaction. 

rozrzewlinic, -niac ^'^ to touch, 
move (to tears). -»nienie "J emo- 
tion, touching (to tears). 

rozrzullcac, *cic ""^ to scatter, 
dissipate, -tnica ^, -^tnik "^ 
squanderer, lavisher, spendthrift. 
•.tnosc^, dissipation, lavishness. 
-•-tny " prodigal, lavish. 

rozrzynac, vid. rozerznac. 

rozsada^, cabbage-plant. . 

rozsadliek '" reason, sense; judg- 
ment; zdrowy -.*., common sense. 
-^ny " reasonable; sensible, ju- 
dicious, intelligent. .»« cziowiek, 



man of sense. 



-nose \ reaso- 



nableness, judiciousness. 
rozsalldzac, *dzic ^^ to place 

asunder, separate ; blow up, burst 

into pieces; show to a seat. 
rozsalldzac, -wdzic '"^ to decide 

(fimilly). ^ -vdzenie "J decission. 

roZSCieiaC, vid. rozesiac. 

rozsillac, -ewac ^" to dissemi- 
nate; ffigj sow. -.anie, -^ewa- 
nie ^ dissemination. 

rozsilladac sie, -.%sc sie ^ to 
loll; take a seat. 

rozsiekac ^^ to cut to pieces; «. 
szabla, to sabre, to put to the sword. 

rozsierdzic sie ^r to grow angry. 

rozsiodiac ^'^^'fo unsaddle. 

rozskoczyc si§ ^f to disperse; 
burst asunder. 

rozstilawic, -awiac ^^ to render 
famous; divulge, -^awic si§ T 
-^-ynac ^',^ to render oneself fa- 
mous'', become famous. 

rozsmillac sie ^r to burst out 
laughing. J"eszac, -eszyc ^f 
to make one laugh. 

rozsnuc^" to unravel, disentangle. 

rozsoclia ^, spike, prong. *.tOSC *", 
forkedness. -*,ty " pronged, forky. 

r02:spiewac sie '"^ to delight in 
singing. 

rozsrozvc ^^ to put into a rage. 
*- si^ , to become furious. 

rozsrubowac ""^ to unscrew. 

rozstaj '^ -nia *", cross-road, ••ny? 
of separation ; -^na droga, cross- 
road. 

rozstallc sie, -wac si§ T to parr, 
separate, ^c sie z zijwotem, to die. 
••nie sie " separation, parting. 

rozstllapic sie, ^epywac sie ^T 
to go'asundeV; open, be opened 
«wep ™ interstice, interval. 

roz'stallwic , -.wiac """ to place 
post; place asunder, -^-wiiy ^ 
-^wne konie, relay horses. 

rozstrllajac, -oic ^" to untune. 
*"*< si§ ^r to be^^ut of tun- 
-.6j '5 discord, dissonauce. 
ojony, out of tune. 



rozstrzelad 

rozstrzelllac "^ to shoot (dead), 
••ac, '•ic ^? to disperse , dissi- 
pate, -wanie 1 killing by a shot. 
-^ic sig "^r to disperse, be dis- 
persed, •.enie ^ dispersion. 

rozstrzygllnac, •ac'^" to decide. 
•'BLiety " decided. 

rozsullnac, --wac '^'^ to push 
asunder, move asunder. 

fozswawolic sie "^^r to become 
wanton, to wanton. 

rozswillecac, •ecic^f to brighten, 
enlighten. ».% 1J dawn, day-break. 
*'tac ^f * * si§ "^r -ta, the day 
breaks. 

rozsycliac sif , vid. rozeschnaS aip. 

rozsyillac, vid. rozesiaS. •-anie ^ 
-.ka^, sending off, conveyance. 

rozsypllac, -.ywac ^^ to spill, 
scatter. •.-»«; proch, to reduce 
to dust. *.ac sie ^f to disperse, 
be scattered, -.ka^, dispersion; 
pojU w •^ke, to be dispersed. 

rozszafowac ^^ to squander by 
giving away. [rage, 

rozszalec '^^ to rage, fall into a 

rozszarpllac, •'iiac ^* to lacerate, 
tear to pieces. 

rozszastac ^f (vuig.) to lavish, 
squander. 

rozszczellpic, -"piac ^f to cleave, 
split, -pienie , bifurcation, clea- 
ving. 

rozszerzllac , -yc ^* to enlarge, 
widen; extend, spread, -w- sle^r 
to spread, gain ground, -alnosc ^. 
expansibility , extensibleness. 
•-ainy ^ extensible, expansible, 
-enie \ enlargement, extension. 

rozszlochac si§ ^T not to cease 
sobbing. 

rozsznurowac^f to unlace, untie, 

lOZtaczac '^f to unroll, stretch; 
(krtwj shed ; (o rohakachj gna(W. 

TOztajac ^V" to thaw up. 

xoztancowa6 sif ^ not to cease 
dancing. 

TOZtapiac, vid. roztopi6. 

roztarcie, vid. rozdtranie. 



rozum 



25B 



roztargllac ^? Cwtosyj to dishevel ; 
rend , tear to pieces ; (przyjcdn 
«<c.^ to break, •-iiieilie^ absence 
of mind, abstraction, -.niony f 
absent, distracted. 

rozterka*", dissension, disunion. 

rozthic ""^ to smash to pieces> 
break to pieces; bruise, pound. 

roztollcz"^ mite; distention, -.czyc, 
vid.roztaczac. *.p^ thaw, -^ic^f 
to dissolve, nielt. m, •, sif , to be 
dissolved away, •.pienie ^ mel- 
ting, fusion. 

roztrabic*'? CfigJ to noise abroad, 
divulge, trumpet forth. 

roztrallcic, -cac^f to push away 
or asunder; dash, smash. 

roztratowac ^f- to trample on, 
tread under foot. 

roztropilnosc ^, intelligence, sen- 
sibleness. ••ny ^ intelligent, 
sensible. 

roztrwollnic ""f to waste, squan- 
der, •.nienie 1 dissipation. 

roztrzasllac, •'iiac ^f to shake 
thoroughly; shake up; Cfig.Jaftf 
clear up, discuss, '^anie « shak- 
ing, shake ; discussion. 

roztrzasllkac, -n^c ^f to dash 
to pieces, crush. 

roztrzepallnie «*? distractedly. 
^-. ^ distractedness ; fickleness, 
••niec '^ distracted person ; fickle 
person, ••ny ? distracted, rattle- 
headed; fickle, unsteady. 

roztuczyc ^f to fatten, make fat. 

roztwiiarzac, *'0rzy6 '^" fwodaj 
to dilute; (mtd.) attenuate. 
•-(Jr ^ solution. 

roztwllierac, -"Orzyd ^? fdrzwij 
to throw or fling open; open. 

roztyc sif ^r to become excee- 
dingly fat. 

roztyka6, vid. rozetka6. 

roznm ^ intellect, sense, reason; 
Ho jest nad mdj •., that is beyond 
me; co glowa to <», so many men, 
BO many opinions; zdrowy *., 
common sense; <« ttradi^ to losQ 



254 



rozumu 



one*s wits ; naiLczyc kogo ^-u , to 
teach a person manners, to dis- 
cipline, -^ny /^ intelligent; rea- 
sonable, -.iec ^"^,'' to understand ; 
f-pojqc) comprehend; mean; raa 
.<fip -J •., of course, -.ienie " com- 
prehcusion ; meaning. -».kowac '^" 
to reason too nicely, subtilise. 
-nose *", good sense, reasonable- 
ness. 

rozumowllac '^? to philosophise, 
reason, -anie " reasoning; ar- 
gument, -y " intellectual. 

rozuzdallc ^'" to unbridle, •ny " 
ffigj dissolute, unbridled. 

rozwaglia , consideration, delibe- 
ration; lazinc 2)od —e, to take 
into consideration. 

rozwalllac , -lie ^'? to demolish, 
pull down. -- sie "^r to fall 
into ruins; loll. -*lihy 2>^, -li- 
sko " ruins pi. 

rozwalnliac "f to relax, loosen; 
fmedj purge, -iajaey " loose- 
ning; purgative; srodck * -, ca- 
thartic. 

rozwart iokatuy " obtuse-angled, 
-y ^ opened, open ; (mat.) obtuse. 

rozwalizac, -zyc ^? to weigh; 
ffig.J ponder, consider, meditate, 
-zanie " meditation, considera- 
tion, -zny " circumspect, con- 
siderate. 

rozweselllac, -lic'^'i^ to gladden, 
cheer up. -- sie^T to gladden, 
-lenie " cheering. 

rozwiilac, -ewac ^'? to blow 
asunder, disperse. -•. • sie ^f to 
fly asunder. 

rozwializac, -zywac "^f to loose, 
undo-" to unknot, to untie; C^cl- 
gaclkfj to guess; ("zehraniej to 
break up. *zalny " resolvable, 
-zanie " resolution, dissolution. 
—zle etc., vid. roziviozle etc. 

rOZWillC, vid. rozwijac. [cate. 

rozwidtac sie '^f to fork, bifur- 

rozwidniilac, -c ^? to brighten, 
clear up. •. * sie '^'^ •ec ^'/ to 
dawn. 



rozzalony - 

rozwielmoznillac sie, -c sie ^r ^<^ 
gain grouud, spread, take a*" wider 
range. 

rozwierac, tid. rozewrzec. 

rOZiiWiesC, vid. ror:wodzic. -wie- 

sic,_ -wieszac '^^ to hang upon, 
-wiezc, vid. rozwozic. 

rozwilljac, -nac ^'" to unfold; 
ffig.J develop'; fmil.J deploy; 
fzagiej hoist up. -. «. sie ^T to 
improve, develop, -janie, -nie- 
cie 7 unfolding; development, 
-niety " unfolded; developed; 
hoisted up. 

rozwikiac ^" to imtwine, disen- 
tangle, untwist. 

rozwio'Izle"? dissolutely, -zlosc ^, 
dissoluteness, -zly " dissolute. 

rozwleilc, -kac, rozwl(5czyc ""^ 
to drag away in different direc- 
tions; lengthen. — kle "p ditluse- 
ly. -kiOSC *", prolixity, difluse- 
ness. -kiy f prolix, diffuse; 
detailed, long, spun. 

rozwii'od ^,' divorce, -odka^, di- 
vorced woman, -cdnik "J di- 
vorced man. -odowy ^ for di- 
vorce, -odzenie sie " circum- 
locution, -odzic ^" to separate; 
(^niaiiejWu/'o^ to divorce, •^-sie'^^f 
fnad cze.mj to talk at large, dis- 
cuss at large; fz kimj be divorced 
from . . . 

rozwoj " development. 

rozwolnillc, vid.rozwalniac. -ec"*^? 
to relent, slacken, -enie " loose- 
ness, relaxation; fzotadkaj diar- 
rhoea. 

rozwora *", service-tree. 

rozwiioz '^ -o^enie " transport, 
-ozic *^" to transport, convey 
to different places. [sip. 

rozwrzeszczec sie, vid. rozkrzyczec 

rozyezka ^, little rose. 

rozynek ^, currant, raisin. 

rozzalliac sie, -ic sie ""f to be 
much afllicted. -vliy f strongly 
alllicted; moved to tears. 



rozzarty 

roziarty *? wrathful, enraged. 

i'ozzallrzac, -'rzyc ^*? to make 
red-hot; ffigj inflame. • « 8i§ ^V 
to glow. 

I'ozbrllajac , -oic ^? to disarm. 
-"OJenie " disarming. 

rozzloscic ^" to irritate, exaspe- 
rate. - sie ^r to grow angry, 
be enraged." 

rozzuc ^^ <o butach) to unshoe. 

rt§C^, quicksilver, mercury. 

mbaszllnosc ^, clcwnishness, rusti- 
city. *ny ? clownish, rude, 
rough. [ruble. 

mbel '^ ruble. « srebrrw^ silver- 

rnbin "^ ruby, -owy 7 rubied. 

mbryka *i red-chalk; rubric, title, 
head. 

mcll'^ movement; motion; bustle 
(in the street) ; u; *,u, astir. -*.ac, 
vid. rtiszac. •^awka ^, insurrec- 
tion; levy in mass, •awosc, 
•liwosc *", mobility,agLlity. •-awy, 
•liwy ^ movable, mobile. 

mchomllosc ^, movableness; mo- 
vable goods, •-oscijp^'i naovables 
pi.: m,Y f movable. 

ruciany ^ of rue. 

mczaj '^ brook, rivulet. 

mda*, ore, iron-ore. •wy? car- 
roty; containing ore. 

mdel ^ helm, rudder, tiller. 

mdera^, ruinous house. 

rudnilla*', smelting -house; smel- 
tiug-furnace. m,\ I; miner. 

rndliobrody f red-bearded. *y ^ 
Judas-haired, carroty-haired. 

rufa^, stern, poop. 

niglti pi', inquiry, inquest. -.0- 
wac ^? discharge, dismiss (from 
service), supplant. 

ruina^i ruin. 

raja*', rutting- time. 

ruinowac ^" to ruin, destroy.' 

rtudew '^ ^bot.J nastui-tlum. 

nilon '^ roll. 

mm '^ rubbish; fnapojj rum. 
-^acya ^. removal (of furniture). 

rumak "^ charger, courser, battle- 
horse. 



rwa6 



255 



mmel '^ certain game at cards: 
trafic w •-, to come in the nick 
of time, to nick the time. 

nunianek '^ fbotj camomile. 

rumianllosc *"» ruddiness, -.y ^ 
ruddy. 

rumienillc "^^ to redden; (maslo 
efcj to brown, •c si^ '^f to blush, 
colour, •.ca *", (zo.) red-bream. 
••ec '^ redness (of the cheeks), 

mmor "T noise, bustle. [blush. 

rumowisko " rubbish. 

runac ^? to fall down^ to tumble 
(down); to fall into; « w gruzy, 
to fall into ruins. 

nmiczny ^ runjc. 

mno ^ fleece. 

mpiecie "J lumber, trumbery. 

rupturlla <',enterocele,hernia. -.ny, 
•-owy f pa.8 •- *., truss, suspender. 

mrlla^, tube, pipe; (flinty) barrel; 
(anat.J hollow bone; (do pieca) 
funnel; (fig J awkward fellow, 
dunce. *a spustowa, waste-pipe, 
•.a wpf^cofi-a, marrow-bone, •-ka^, 
tubule, canula; candle -mould. 
A. m, moczowa, urethra, ^^kowaty? 
tubular. *kowy " -kowa iwieca, 
mould-candle, •mistrz "^ con- 
duit-master, [butterfly. 

rusaika **, naiad, nereid ; peacock- 

m^zllac, •yc^f? to touch, handle; 
(zwierza) hunt, start ; (fig.) move ; 
set out; (mil.J decamp; have effect, 
operate. -, m, ramionami, to shrug 
one's shoulders, m, « sif ^T to 
stir. »>oiLy paralizem, struck "by 
apoplexy, •.enie " touch; move- 
ment; poapolite •. •», levy in mass, 
m, m, ramionami, shrugging. 

rusznilica ^, hackbut, rifle, gun. 
-karz "^ gun-maker. 

ruszt, vid. rdszt. 

msztowanie " stage, scaffold. 

mszyc, vid. ruszac. 

nita*", (hot. J rue. 

rutyna^i routine. 

ruz, vid. rdz. -•.OWaC, vid. rdzowac. 

rwac ^" to pluck, gather; tear off, 
pull off; (zfbyj draw; lacerate; 



256 



rwac sie 



{hrzegij to underwasli. •»• sif ^f to 
burst (asunder;, be toru; (do 
czegoj to set about a thing, fall 
about it; cicha woda hrzegi rwie, 
still waters run deep. 

rwetes "^ confusion, jumble. 

ryblja ^, fish, •^y towic, to fish, 
angle; (fig. J w mptnej wodzie *.y 
iowic, to fish in troubled waters. 
-acM f fishing . . . ; todz •.acka, 
fishing-boat. *.actwo "J fishery. 
-"-aczka^, fisher-woman, •.ak '^ 
fisher, fisherman. *.enka, •'ka ^, 
small fish; ffigj sweet heart. 
•-i f fish . . . -ia potrawa, fish- 
meal, fish-diet, •'itwa^, fomj 
laughing gull, -.nik '^ fish-box, 
cauf. «*ny ^ abounding in fish ; 
staw x-ny^ fish-pond, •-otdw ^ 
^om.V sea-gull, sea-mew. >*. -vca*? 
angler; fisherman, •-oldwstwo ^ 
pisciculture. 

rye "^f to rake, root up; Cna 
drzewiej cut, carve; (na miedzij 
engrave. 

rycellrka ^, heroine, -^rski " 
knightly , chivalrous j warlike, 
martial; gentlemanly, -.rsko "? 
valiantly, knightly, chivalrously. 
A'rskosc ^, chivalry,., chivalrous- 
ness. -.rstwoT knightage, knight- 
hood. *.rz " knight, chevalier; bi^-, 
dny -^rz, knight-errant; pasowac 
na •.rza, to knight, to dub a knight. 

rychllle, ^-lo ^p early; soon, in 
good time ; czekam ^.to przyjdzie, 
I wait till he comes. *.lej "p 
••lejszy f earlier. ~iosc^, ear- 
Hness. -»ly f early ; quick, 
speedy. 

rychtowac, vid. wyrychtowac. ' 

rycille ^ raking , rooting up ; en- 
gravement. ••na^i copper-plate, 
print, engraving. 

rycyTiowy f - olejek, castor-oil. 

ryczaitllem, •'Owo "p in a lump. 

ryczec '^^ to roar; fo oslej bray. 

rydel "^ fnarzpdziej spade. 

rydwan '^ triumphal car. 

rydz '^ orange agaric. 



rytmiczny 

ryglli pi, (writing) lines. *o- 
wac "^^ to draw lines. 

ry^el "^ bar, bolt. 

rygor '^ rigour, severity ; trzymac 
w *.ze, to keep under. 

ryi "^ snout, muzzle. __ 

ryk '^ roaring; fkrowj lowing; 
fosla) briy. 

ryknac, vid. ryczec. 

rylec*^ '^ burin, graver, chisel; 
(fig.) style. 

rym "^ rhyme, rime. 

rymallrski " leather -cutter's. 
-^rstwo \ harness-maker's trade. 
•-rz '^ harness -maker, leather- 
cutter. 

rymolipis ^, rhymer, -tworca "? 
versifier, poet. -<.tw6rczy 'f poe- 
tic(al). -»tw6rstwo ^ lart of) 
poetry, ••wac '^"^ to rhyme, 
rime; compose verses, versify. 
•"^ si§ '^r to rhyme, -^wy ^ 
rhyming . . . , rhyme . . . 

rynek "^ market, market-place. 

ryngraf ^, gorget. 

rynienka^, small channel. 

ryuka^, skillet, stewing-pan. 

rynkloda \ (iliwkaj green-gage. 

rynkowy " market . . . 

rynllna \ channel, gutter -pipe. 
-'Sztok'^ gutter-stone, •'••owy^ 
gutter . . . 

rysztunliek ^ harness, armour, 
-kowy ?■ armour . . . 

rypllac, -nac '^V' to hasten. 

rys ^ (twarzyj feature; sketch, 
design; fcharakteruj trait. 

rylis '^ fzo.J lynx, --si f of lynx. 

rysa*", chap, slit, cleft. 

rysllopis "^ description (of a per- 
son), -.owac ^" to draw, design. 
•► -*. z natury , to draw from na- 
ture. •-•. si§ '^T to chap; be 
contured. -owniczy " designer's. 
•-Ownik" draughtsman, designer, 
•^unek "^ drawing, contour. •, «, 
kredoiuy, crayon-drawing, •.un- 
kowy ^ drawing . . . 

rytin%' rhythm, •-icznosc *", rhyth- 
micality. •iczny ^ rhythmical. 



rytowaC 

rytowilac ^f to engrave. *nic- 
two ^ art of engraving, chalco- 
graphy. *niczy ^ engraver*^, 
♦nik "? graver, engraver, lapi- 

rytnat '^ ritual. [dary. 

ryty ^ cut, carved; engraved. 

rywal "^ -^ka^, rival, -.izacya^, 

vid. spdlzawodnidwo. 

ryi '^ rice, ^owisko 7 rice-field. 
•OW7 " rice ... 

ryza ♦, CpapieruJ ream; ffigj ri- 
gour, discipline; trzymac w ryziCy 
to keep under. 

ryzy " reddish, ruddy. 

ryzyko 7 risk, peril, -.wac ^f 
to risk , run the risk. *-wny ^ 
risky, dangerous. 

rzacy " neighing. 

rzad ^t fifen. rz§du, fszeregj row, 
file, rank; /^poA:q/(5ty^ range, suit; 
fna koniaj harness, gear; species, 
class ; rzedami, by ranks, by files ; 
rzfdem, in a row; tic rzpdem, to 
go in a single file. 

rzad "7 gen. -,u, government, rule; 
(panstwaj government ; admi- 
nistration; (gram.) government; 
ohjai *.y, to ascend the throne. 
*ca, •zca "7 ruler, governor; 
fdobrj manager, steward; Cpro- 
wincyij governor. «*ek "7 line, 
row. 

rzadliki " rare ; thin, liquid ; slen- 
der, fine, -ko **? rarely, seldom ; 
finely,thinly; dispersedly. *kosc ^, 
rarity, rareness; seldomness. 

rzadllnosc ^, economy, love of 
order, -.ny ? economical; or- 
derly. *.owy f governmental. 

rzadzlica, vid. rzadca. -venie 7 
administration, management. »,>*, 
8i§ " housekeeping, household, 
•.ic '"'^ to govern, rule, command ; 
administer, manage; ("gram. J go- 
vern. •.* sif '^r to keep house; 
(czem) be guided by, go by a 

rzany ^ rye ... [thing. 

rzellc, --knac ^? to say; ze tak 
-^kf , 80 to ^say, as it were. 
Cz^ic polsko-angielska. 



rz^poia 257 

ried ^ to neigh. 

rzechot ™ -anie * Co idbach) 
croak. -»ac "? to croak. 

rzecz ', thing; matter, subject; 
purport, tenor; affair, matter. 
'»>ypl., clothes, things pi.; do •y, 
reasonable; suitable; m6wi6 od 
-xji to talk nonsense ; nic do -*y, 
absurdity; w ^y samej , in fact, 
really, •.nik ™ counsel, barrister. 
-"Ony f mentioned. 

rzeczllka ^, rivulet, -^ny ? river. . . ; 
fluvial; zegluga -^na, river-traffic. 

rzeczownllik ^ (konuj substantive, 
•-y ^ (gram.) substantive. 

rzeczowii'osc *", reality. *y^real. 

rzeczpospolita*", commonwealth, 
republic. 

rzeczywillscie "^? really, positive- 
ly. •'Stosc ^, reality, actuality, 
•.sty ? real, actual. 

rzelldniec ^^ to become thin, 
clear up. •-dzic'"^ to thin, clear. 

rzeka^i river, stream. 

rzekomo ^ as it were. 

rzekot, -^-ac, vid. rzechot, rzechotac, 

rzemieli'n'" strap, thong; leather. 
*'nny ^ leathern, leather. 

rzemieslniilczek"' travelling jour- 
neyman, --czy f mechanical; 
mechanics', •^k'^ artisan, handi- 
craftsman. 

rzemiosio "J handicraft, trade. 
*. wojenne lub zolnierskie, pro- 
fession of arms. 

rzempolllic, <*la, vid. rzppoUCf 

rzepoia. 

rze'myk ^7 strap, thong; ^m trzs' 
wikaj latchet. 

rzenie " neigh. 

rzepa *", turnip. *k "7 rape-seed, 
colza, •rkowy ?^ •• •• olej, rape- 
seed oil. 

rzepliik'7 Chat.) agrimony, •.isko 7 
turnip-field, -^ka *", small turnip ; 
(anat.) knee-cap. *nik "7 (hot.) 
arnut. -ny ? turnip . . . *,na 
kapusta , turnip • cabbage. 

rz^polilic ^? to fiddle, scrape, 
thrum. -iSk "^ fiddler, scraper. 
17 



258 



rz^sa 



rz§s!|a^, eye-lash, -iscie, -isto**? 

copiously, abundantly, plentifully. 
•-istOSC *", copiousness, plentiful- 
ness. -isty " dense, close ; thick ; 
abundant, copious. 

rzesliki " sprighty, lively, brisk, 
•kosc^, sprightliuess, liveliness. 

rzesza^i troop, crowd. >*> niemiecka, 
German Confederation. 

rzeszotliarz "J sieve- maker. «.o "i 
sieve, cribble. 

rzetellinosc ^, justness, probity, 
honesty, -.ny " honest, righteous, 
candid. 

rzewllnosc *", (tender) emotion; 
woefulness, mournl'ulness. -^ny" 
(^figj moving; woeful, mournful. 

rzellz ^, slaughter, massacre, car- 
nage. •'Zac '^^ to cut, slaughter, 
butcher; chisel, carve. 

fzerzaczka ^, fmed.j gonorrhoea, 

rzezallk "^ slaughtering- knife, 
butcher's knife; pruning -knife. 
••Inia *i sls>ghter-house. -^.niec"^ 
castrated dun, eunuch. 

iTzezblla^, carved work, statuary; 
sculpture, •.a wypukta, high re- 
lief; plaska -.a. lowi-elief ; ptasko- 
wypukia -a, middle relief. «viar- 
ski ^ carving, sculptile. ^viar- 
stwo "J sculpture. ~iarz '^ 



sculptor , statuary. -»ic '"'f to 
cut, carve. 

rzezenie " rattling (in the throat). 

rzezimieszek '^ pick-pocket, ex- 
toi Lioncr. 

rzezki etc., vid. rzeski etc. 

rzeznilla ^, slaughter-house. ^ctwo'J 
butcher's trade, -.czka^, butcher- 
woman; butcher's wife. <*'Czy?' 
butcher's, butchering. *.k '^ 
butcher. 

rzezucha^, CbotJ cress, cresses pi. 

rzezwllic ""^ to enliven, brisk. 
«*iec ^? to become sprighty. 
~0 "^p agilely, briskly. -*.osc *i agi- 
lity, briskr>ess. -.y ^ agile, brisk. 

rzezyc^*.^ to rattle in the throat. 

rzullac ^" to cut, carve; CpitaJ 
aaw^; chisel; fna instrumenciej to 



sadny 

scrape, thrum ; CfamJ strike, •►ie 
mnie w brzuchu, I have griping 
pains. -,iecie "i cutting; fpitaj 
sawing ; (ivhrzuchu) griping pains. 

rznifty ^ cut, carved. -* instru- 
ment, wind-instrument. 

rzodkiew ^, fhot.J large black ra- 
dish, ^ka*', (hot) radish. 

rzucllac, -ic ^" to throw, cast; 
leave, abandon; (cztm) shake. 
*. •. rja ziemip, to throw down. »> -» 
oczyma na, to cast a look at. •.ic 
bron, to lay down arms. •.*. 
si§ ^r ^^^ kogoj to rush upon ; 
('do czeyoj to take up; fw wodf 
etc J to plunge into...; krew mu 
sie '»'iia, he has broken a blood- 
vessel. 

rzut 1J cast, throw; CmatJ pro- 
jection; na pierwszy *. oka, on 
the first inspection. *.ki, -^ny^ ^ 
versatile, alert. -*kosc, ••nosc^, 
versatility, alertness. 

rzyc^, anus. 

rzygllac, ^-nac ^? to vomit, spew, 
^-anie " vomition, vomiting, 

rzysko \ stubble-field. 



S. 

sabat ^IJ sabbath. 

sabina^, sabin-tree. 

saboty pi-, wooden shoes. 

saczek "^ little bag. 

saczliek "l (na gaiazce; small knag; 
drain, draining -pipe; filtering- 
bag. ~yc ^^ to drip, drop. •- *. 
si§ ^r to leak, ooze; drip, drop; 
(o oczachj have blear-eyes. 

sad ''" orchard, •.ek "^ small or- 
chard. •'Ownictwo "J fruit-cul- 
ture. •'Ownik, <*owy ""i orchar- 
dist; tenant of an orchard, •o- 
wy " orchard ... 

sad "^ judgment, opinion, court 
(of justice), tribunal. •< prgysie- 
giych, jury ; dzien -^u ostatec^iego, 
day of judgment; «. wojenny, 
court martial. *ny " dzien •. -., 



eadownictwo 

day of judgment, ^ownictwo "? 
jurisdiction; ofilcers of justice, 
magistrates J)?, •-owniczy^ ju- 
diciary, judicial. <*ownie '^^ be- 
fore the judge, at law. •-owy^ 
court . . . 

sadellczek "; small barrel, keg. 
-^k ",' barrel, cask. 

sadto "J grease, suet, fat. 

eadno, vid. sedno. 

sadowic ^" CgoidJ to place, show 



to a seat; settle. 



818 



to 



take a seat; establish oneself, 
sadz "i; fish-box, cauf. 
sadz!!a^, Ccz^scUjj *,e pi., soot. 
sadzac ^" fgoscij to show the 

guests to seats. 

sadzawka*", pond, store-pond. >. 
eadzlienie "i laying, setting. -,ic "^^f 

to set, plant; jump over; hasten. 

*- * sif ^r C^o, CO J to run after, 

aim at; (na csiem) take one's 

stand upon. 
«adzic ^" to judge, decide; (o 

czemj judge of; mean, think; 

sadzac z powierzchownosci, as for 

aa appearances go; *. z.pozoru, 

to jadge or go by outward. 
Bafanduia*", numskull. 
Bafian "^ Morocco (-leather), ••o- 

"VTy f Morocco ... ' 

Bagan, -^ek ^ copper, boiler, 
sa^o ; sago. 
saja^, (materya) serge, 
sajdak 1? quiver, 
sajeta *", a kind of worsted stuff. 
sak "^ drag-net, casting -net; 

blockhead. 

Bakiewka*", money-bag, purse. 
Bakiak "^ (hot.) buckthorn. 
Bakrament '^ sacrament. -*alny" 

sacramental. [Ijag. 

Bakwa ^, bag. *. podrozna, carpet- 
Ballla *", ball ; •.a jadalna, dining- 

hall; <va tancow, ball-room, 
salamandra^, C^o.j salamander. 
salliata ^ lettuce; salad, •.la- 

terka^, salad-dish. 
''alceson '^ (large) sausage. 
Baldo ^ balance. 



samopomoc 259 

saletrlla^t nitre, saltpetre, -ar- 
nia ^, saltpetre-manufactory, -o- 
T6d ^ nitrogen, -vzan "? nitric 
acid, •.zany f nitric, ^zysty " 
nitrous. 

saliny pi., salt-work, saltern. 

salka^, small hall. 

saliiiiak'7 sal-ammoniac. '^owjT 
of sal-ammoniac. [hood. 

salomonek "^ Cbot.J aconit, monk'*' 

salon , -ik ^ drawing-room , 8R° 
loon; m, dla palacych^ smokingr 
room. -*.owiec '^ a man fit to 
appear in good society, -.owy f 
saloon . . . ; fit to appear in good 
society. 

saloya ^, a lady's cloak, mantle. 

salllutowac ^'f to salute, -.wa*", 
salute. 

sam ? alone; self; nothing but, 
mere; even; every; *» jeden, all 
alone; *. to zrohitem, I did it 
myself; -» na •., between our- 
selves etc.; all alone; <« przez 
sif, of ray (etc.) own accord. 

samllcowy, -^czy " male. -*cgrk *^ 
(o zwierzp^achj male. *^icB,\ fe- 
male, •-iec ^t male. 

samiutllenki, -vki ? all alone, 
quite alone. 

samob6j||ca ^ self-murderer, sui- 
cide, '^czyf suicidal. <^BtW0 « 
self-murder, suicid. 

samollclicac "? voluntarily, of 
one's own accord. i*»*.y ^ vo- 
luntary, spontaneous, ^-chwai "l" 
boaster,hector,braggart. •-chwai- 
czy" boasting, boastful, -chwal- 
stwo ^ sell-praise, -.dziat "i 
homespun-linen. *'dzielnosc ^, 
independence, •-dzieluy " in- 
dependent. *dzierzca ^ despot, 
absolute sovereign. [onanism. 

samollgloska ^, vowel. -.gwa-H T 

samoilistnosc ^, self-dependence. 
-• istny f self-dependent. ^Inb " 
egotist, -.lubny f selfish, •.lub- 
Stwo 'J selfisbness, egotism. 

samoli'pas "? singly, loosely ; un- 
accompanied, alone. •.pomOC ^ 
17* 



260 sainopoznanie 

c-elf-help. -poznanie "l self- 
knowledge, -rodnosc ^, origi- 
nality; genuineness, -.rodny " 
natural, genuine; original, -.rzad'^ 
autonomy, self-government. 
*strzai '^ spring-gun. 
samotnllia*', desert, solitude. *i- 



ca % solitary woman. 



.ik 



»OSC \ loneliness, re- 
*.y ^ lonely, solitary, 



solitary 

tiredness. 

sole, 
samo'itrzask *", bird-net. *.trzec <^? 

two with liim. -^.uk'^ autodidact. 
samowar "^ tea-urn. 
samoliwladny? autocratic, -.wie- 

dza *",self-knowledge.«.wladzca'^ 

autocrate, absolute sovereign. 

-'Wiadztwo "l autocracy, sover- 
eign power. «.wola ^, self-will, 

wilfulness, ^-wolny " self-willed, 

wilful; arbitrary, 
sandacz '^ fryha) perch-pike, 
sandai "^ sandal-wood, -owyf 

sandal ... '^'J pi., sandals jji. 
sangwinillczny " sanguine, -.k "IJ 

sanguine person, 
san eczkii^z., small sledge. •-iepZ., 

•-ki i>i. , sledge, sled, •-na ^, 

sledge-course, 
sanitarny ^ health ... 
sap ^ -anie ^ breathing hard, 
sap ^y --isko 1J marshy ground. 

-•ac, -"iec ^*' to breathe hard, 

puff'and blow, •-ka ^, catarrh. 

-^iasty, -owaty ? marshy, 
saper "^ sapper, pioner. 
sardela^, sardine, anchovy. 
£Lrdoni||czny ?■ sardonic, sardo- 

nian. -.k ",' sardonyx, 
sarki.'ac, -^-nac "^f to snuff, snort; 

Cna kogo hib na co) to mutter at, 

complain of. 
sarka!'stycznosc ^, sarcasticalness. 

-^-styczny " sarcastical. ».zm "^ 

sarcasm. 

sarkofag "? sarcophagus, 
sarnila*", (zo.)rQ>% doe. *-i^roe..., 

of roe. -iatko, •'ie "J young roe. 

-"ina*", roast- veniso^'o. 
sasanka^, (hot.) anemone. 



schodzic 

sasiad "^ -ka^, neighbour. *o- 
wac ^? to neighbour. 

sasielldni ^ neighbouring. *.dzki f 
neighbourly, ••dztwo \ neigh- 
bourhood, vicinity ; nearness. 

sasiek "^ bay (in a barn), barn- 

satrapa "^ satrap. [floor. 

satyrlja^, satire, •.^czuie <^? sa- 
tirically, -"ycznosc ^, satirical- 
ness. •.yczny V satiric, satirical, 
-►yk '^ satirist. [sure. 

satysfakcya ^, satisfaction; plea- 

sawina, vid. sahina. 

sazllen '^ fathom; fdrzewaj cord, 
-^niowy f cord . . . -.nisto, 
•^-niscie "? immensely, hugely, 
-vliisty ? of one cord ; ('fig. J im- 
mense, huge; broad-shouldered. 

scedzllac, -'ic '"f to pour off, de- 
cant, filter. 

SCenIJa ^, (te.) stage; (czesc aktu) 
scene; (fig.) scene, theatre; 
strange occurrence; xoystapic na 
•.8, ukazac sip na •-ie, to make 
one's appearance. -•'iczny ^ 
scenic, theatrical. 

sceptylicyzm'^ scepticism. --czny^ 
sceptic. *.k "^ sceptic. 

schab '^ joint, rib-piece. 

schadzka^, rendezvous, [terise. 

scharakteryzowac'^" to charac- 

sclieda ^, heirloom. - 

scMzma ^, schism, --tycki ^ 
schismatic(al). •■tyk "^ sctdsma- 

SChlebiaC, vid. pochUbiac. [tic, 

schludnijosc ^, cleanness, neat- 
ness. -,y ^ clean, neat. 

SClmac ^^ to dry, grow dry, be 
aired ; dry up, wither; faint away. 

SCll|16d "^ step, stair; declivity, 
slope; ffig.J decline. *.odek ^ 
step , stair, -^ody pi., stairs pL 
-^'^ kreccne, winding-stairs. 

SCliodz'ienie " descent, descending. 
•'ic '^7? to descend, go down; 
fo czasiej pass away; fznikacj 
come off; decline; fodziez) to 
wear out. -v-* z drogi, to make 
wav. clear the way, «*. •. ze swiata^ 



Bchodzi6 Big 

•to die. '*"*' siq "^ to come to- 
gether, meet, assemble. 

Bcliolastyllczny " scholastical. 
•k " scholastic. 

Bchorzalllosc *", sickliness, disea- 
sedness. --ly^ sickly, diseased. 

schowac '^'^ to keep, preserve; 
hide, conceal. ^ do kieszenij to 
pocket. «. Big "^ to hide one- 
self, abscond. 

schrollnic "^f to shelter, protect. 
*-•• sif, to escape, take refuge, 
have recourse, •.nienie 'J refuge, 
shelter, covert ; nie majacy •»nie- 
nia, homeless, unsheltered, -^ni- 
sko " creep-hole; home. 

schnipa6^? to craunch. 

8clindn%<5 ^ to grow lean, meagre. 

BChwacic **'f (konia) to founder. 

Bcbwyllcic, '*'tac ""f to seize, lay 
hold of. 

schylUac, -'lie ^? to bend, bow, 
slope. »0 m. 8i§ ^'^ to bow. •.iek '^ 
decline; na schyiku, on the de- 

schysma, vid. achizma. [cline. 

scillac, --nac '"^ (drzewa) to fell, 
cut down ; fgiowpj behead, deca- 
pitate; ^o mroziej fade, wither. 
-"•> sie '^'^ to freeze, congeal. 

sciagllac, -nac ^f to contract, 
draw together; (gromadzic) ga- 
ther, assemble; fodnosicj refer, 
relate ; (wino etc.) draw off; (karf. 
na siebiej to incur; (hoty etc J 
pull off; straiten; (kogo) strike 
hard, -vajacy f constringent; 
(mtd.) costive, astringent, ••iy" 
meagre, lean. 

SCianfIa ^, wall, partition; side. 
•.a hoczna, side-wall, -••a muro- 

^wana, brick -wall, -.a z desek, 

'partition of boards, -ka^, small 
or thin wall. [beheading. 

8Ci?cie 7 CdrzewJ felling ; (gloxvyj 

BCieg '^ stitch. 

8Ciep:llacz "^ fanat.) sphincter, 
-liisty f sinewy, tendinous. *.no " 
sinew, tendon. 

^ciellC -'kac ^? to run oQ^ilrip 



6cisl:o66 261 

off, flow off, flow together. *.k ^ 
confluence; flowing off. 

sciel "^ litter, bed of straw, t^^ V 
fut. od 8ia6, 

sciemnillac , --c ^f to obscure, 
darken. *-. sif ^f -^ec ^ to 
grow obscure, darken; *.a sio, 
it ifi getting dark. 

sciencztlac, -.yc ^? to thin, make 
thin, attenuate. 

scienny f mural. 

scierllac, vid. zetrzeS, »ka^, "Pi- 
ping-cloth, duster; CfigJ slut, 
slattern. 

scierltn'^, --nie 1 stubble, -nis- 
kp "i stubble-field. 

scierplliec ^"? to endure, bear. 
•,ly f numb, torpid, -^nac ^',* 
to get numb; noga mi /*.la, nay 
foot is asleep. 

scierwilisko 7 flaying - place, 
•-nik "^ (om.) carrion-kite, •-o 7 
carcass, carrion, •-owiec "T car- 
rion-fly. --owy " of carrion. 

sciesnillc, -ac "^^ to limit, con- 
fine; (zwezycj straiten. 

SCifty f cut off; beheaded ; (mro~ 
zemj withered; quite drunk; 
fig.jak z nog »•, quite dismayed. 

sclezaj, na *., wide open, 

sciezka*", path. 

scigallc ^^ to pursue, nm after; 
persecute; (sadownie) prosecute. 
•"C si§ ^r to run a race. *.nie 7 
pursuit; persecution. 

SCinac, vid. seine. 

SCioika, vid. seiel. 

scisilk "IJ throng, crowd, -.kac, 



-nac 



to compress, press to- 



gether; press to one's heart, hug; 
fw lisciej to greet affectionately. 
-*.-*. r^kp, to shake hands with a 
person, squeeze a person's hand, 
^kanie 7 compression. 

scisllle"? strictly, precisely; clo- 
sely, narrowly; intimately. *.i- 
WOSC ^ compressibility, ^-iwy " 
compressible. 

scistllo **? narrowly, closely. 
-OSC ^, preciseuess, exactness; 



262 



scis}y 



conciseness; intimacy. •.y ^ 
precise, exact, accural; compact; 
intimate ; nauki ...e, mathematics. 

5cisni||§cie, *.enie " vid. iciskanie. 
»,m. reki, pressure of the hand. 

SCndzoziemczeC "^f to be de- 
nationalised. 

ecyentyficzny ^ scientific(al). 

scyzoryk "^ pen-knife. 

Bczernii.laiy'i* blackish, blackened. 
*ec ^f to become black, blacken. 

Becesvonista "^ secessionist. 

seczeK, vid. saczek. 

S^dacz, vid. sandacz. 

sedentaryusz "^ sedentary person. 

sedno " sore place, raw; (fig.) 
the most sensitive part. 

sgdziila "IJ judge, justice, -.a yo- 
lubowny, arbiter, referee, •.a 
sledczy, inquisitor, -.na^, judge's 
wife. '^'OStwo, "^OWStwo " ofllce 
of a judge; the judge and his 
wife, -vowski" judicial; judge's. 

sedzillwosc ^ old age , senility. 
*wy ^ senile, aged; venerable. 

sejm '^ diet, Diet, -.ik '^ depart- 
mental council, -vikowac '^]^ to 
hold a departmental council; 
confer, sit without success, ^-i- 
kowy ^ of dietine. -owac ^^ to 
hold a diet, -.owy ^ of the Diet. 

sek "^ knag, knob, knot, gnarl. 
ffig.J w tcin caly •., there is the 
rub. -.atosc*", knagginess. -►aty" 
gnarled, knaggy, knobby. 

sekciallrski ? schismatical. •-rz, 
vid. sektarz. 

sekcya*", section, division; section, 
dissection. [hard. 

sekowac ^f to urge, press, drive 

sekre.lcik, •-t "^ secret, discretion ; 
zachoivac luh miec co w -•-cie , to 
keep (a thing) a secret; po<i*tem, 
under the rose, under the seal 
of secrecy. *tny ? secret, con- 
cealed 

sekreta'Irski f of a secretary. 
*rstwo " secretaryship. «.rz ^, 
secretary. 



sentymentalny 

seksta ^, the sixth class, ('w Anglii) 
first form; (muz. J the sixth. 

sekstern '^ stitched book, writing 
book. 

sekta ^, sect, ^rstwo 'J sectaria- 
nism, -.rz ^ sectary. 

sekularyzacya ^, secularisation. 

sekunda *", fszkolyj second class, 
(w AngliiJ fifth form; second, 
moment; second (bill) of ex- 
change, [to secund. 

sekundllant "^ second, -.owac "^'^ 

sekut, 'wnik'',' tormentor, trouble- 
some person, •-nica ^, scold, 



shrew, virago, 
some. 



•ny 



trouble- 



sekwestr ^7 -»acya ^, sequestra- 
tion, -ator ^ sequestrator, -o- 
wac ^f to sequester, sequestrate. 

seledynowy ? pale green.' 

selen ^ selenium. 

seler "IJ celery. 

semestr "^ half-year. 

seminallryum " seminary. m.m,nau' 
czycielskie , training - school for 
teachers, -rzysta "^ seminarist. 

sen ^ dream; sleep; przez «»', 
asleep. 

senailcki f of the senate, -^t '^ 
senate, -^tor "J senator. <*.toro- 
wa*", senator's lady. *.torski ^ 
senatorial, •-torstwo ^ senator- 

seildacz, vid. sandacz. [ship. 

senes '!,' Cbot.J senes. 

senliwtlosc \ somnolence, -.y f 
somnolent. 

seniinik "^ interpreter of dreams ; 
dream - book ; CfigJ dreamer. 
-'IIOSC ^, sleepiness, drowsiness. 
-*.ny ^ sleepy, drow sy ; dreamy. 

senii'S '^ sense, common sense; 
meaning, purport ; -^s moralny, 
moral. *sacya *", surprise, sen- 
sation. ...sacyjny ? sensational, 
^-saf^ too earnest a man. •■•rka^, 
too earnest a woman. *lencya \ 
maxime, (moral) sentence. 

sentyment '^ sentiment, •-al- 
jaosc \ sentimentality. *.alny " 
sentimental. 



Sep " vulture, •-i " vulture ..., 
vulturine. -^ic sie ^f to look 
bitter, frown. 

separa!!cya ^, separr.tion. •-cyjny? 
proces « *, suit for divorce, ••tka *i 
devorcee, a divorced woman. 

sepia*", cuttle-fish; ( farba J sei)\a.. 

Ser ",' cheese. ** smietankowy, 
cream-cheese. [seraphic. 

seraf, *in ™ seraph -.iczny ? 

seraj "J seraglio. «.owy " of se- 
raglio. 

serc!!e ^ heart ; courage ; love, 
sweet-heart; fdzivonuj clapper; 
(u rosliny) core; mind; przyjaciel 
od -fc-a, bosom friend, intimate 
friend ; zaj^cze -%.e, cowardice, pu- 
sillanimity; brae do •-a, to take 
to heart; 77iiec co na •.u, to have 
something weighing on one's 
mind ; caiem •-em, with all one's 
heart, -^owaty " heart-shaped, 
cordiform; (bot.) cordate, •o- 
wy " of the heart; icorek •. *., 
pericardium; zyia ••owa, great 
artery, aorta. 

serdak '^ sleeveless (furred) jerkin. 

serdeczlinosc ^, heartiness, cor- 
diality, •.ny " hearty, cordial; 
affectionate. 

serduszko " heartlet; (fig.) love, 
sweet heart, *waty ^ cordate. 

serdynek "J Cmuz.j sordine. 

serio, vid. seryo. 

serenada*", serenade. 

semliik",' /^c/iem J caseine ; cheese- 
monger; cheese- dairy; cheese- 
cake, •.y, vid. seroiuy. 

serowllatosc *", cheesiness. --aty " 
caseous, --iec '^ cheese -mate, 
•.y ^ cheesy, cheese . . . 

fierpentyn '^ serpentine-stone. 

serpentyna *", culverin; hooked 
sword. 

serwantka ^, glass-cupboard. 

serwaser "^ aquafortis. 

serwatka*", whey. 

serwetL'a *', (table-)napkin. •►ka*', 
(small) napkin. 

serwilizm ^ servility, servileness. 



sianozecie 



263 



serwis "^ dinner-set, dinner- 
service; /'miV.y/ allowance for quar- 



serya •, series. 



[ters. 



seryo "^p na ~, in earnest; 6rac 
CO na -w, to take a thing seriously. 

sesya*", sitting, session. 

setliek "i -^ka *", one hundred; -*ka- 
mi, by hundreds, -nia*", Cmil.) 
company (of lUO soldiers), -^nik^ 
captain, fu RzymianJ centurion. 
-^ny " hundredth, centesimal. 

sezon '^ season. «. kapielowy, 
season at watering-places; ivsrod 
-U, at the height of season, [cate. 

sfabrykowac ^^ to falsify ; fabri- 

sfaidowac ""^^ to plait, fold. {CfigJ. 

sfaiszowac ^? to falsify; distort 

sferlla *", sphere, ^ycznosc ♦", sphe- 
ricalness. -wyczny ^ spheric(^l). 

sfiglowac '"V^^ to play a trick. 

sflaczalllOSC *", flaccidity. -.y ^ 
flaccid, flaggy. 

sfolgowac ^" to indulge, remit. 

sfora *", leash ; pack (of hounds). 

sformutowac '^f to formularise. 

sforiinosc *i concord, union ; sub- 
ordination, discipline. ^ny " 
concordant, united; disciplined. 
-owac '^^ to couple. 

sforsowac '"^ to harass, fatigue. 

sfrancuziec^" to frenchify oneself. 

sfrasowany f^ sorrowful, aflfllcted. 

sfukac '"f to chide, scold. 

sialic ^f to sow; pr^agate, spread 
out. -nie T sowing. 

siadllac, -ywac, siasc ^" to sit 
down, take a seat; fna konj get 
on horseback, take horse. *« 
do stolu, to sit down to dinner, 
•.ty ^ stout, dumpy. 

siag ^ fmiara) fathom ; fskrzydeij 
breadth of a bird with spread 
wings. 

siak <*? ni tak ni *, neither fish 
nor flesh. •.! ^ ni tdki ni •!, 
neither off nor on. 

siano "J hay. -kos, --zbidr ^ 
hay-time, •.^ec *", meadow-ground. 
*'Z§C*', *2§cie ^ hay-time; hay- 
making. . 



264 siara 

siara^, beestings. 

siarczilan '^ sulphate. *any ? 
sulphureous. •.ysto - z6ity ^ 
brimstone -coloured. -ystOSC^, 
Bulphureousness. •-ysty ^ sul- 
phury 

Siarklla^ *", sulphur, brimstone. 
•"Owac "^^ to dip in brimstone. 
•ownia *", brimstone-house, *»o- 
wy ?" sulphuric. 

Siasc, vid. siadac. 

Biatllka ^, net; fw dku) retina; 
fly-net; /^a72a^^ omentum, •-kbw- 
ka^, ^oA:a^ retina, ••kowy ^ net- 
ted; retiform. •-nik^ net-maker. 

sidlilic '^f to surround with net- 
work; (fig.) snare, -.lo "J snare, 
gin; zastawic -•-la, to set a trap, 
to lay a snare. 

fiif , siebie ^'^f oneself, myself, 
hims'^lf, herself, ourselves etc. ; 
one another, each other; hronip 
«k , I defend myself; bronia sip, 
they defend themselves etc.; u 
siehie, at home; pracuje si^, we 
work, people work. 

Siec ""^^ fzhoze etc j to mow; lash, 
strike, whip. [pajfcza, cobweb. 

siec *", net; CfigJ snare, gin. -, 

sieczka*", chopped straw, chaff, -^r- 
nia *", chopping-bank, chafif-cutter. 

Siecznlla \ (mat.) secant. *y ^ 
«.a hron, arms for catting; zah 
•y, incisive tooth, incisor. 

siedUsko" seat; abode, residence. 

siedem, siedm, num., seven, 
-dziesiat, num., seventy, -►dzie- 
Bi^cioletni '^ septuagenarian. 
-"dziesiaty ^ seventieth. _^ 

siedmiolldniowy " seven days old, 

• •"letni " of seven years ; seven 

years old. -^raki f sevenfold. 
•ro "I seven. 

siedmllkroc «^ seven times, 
••nascie, num.y seventeen, -^nas- 

cioro " seventeen, -nasty " 

aeventeenth. --.set, num., seven 
hundred, '•-setliy " seven hun- 
dredth. 



siesta 

siedzllenie 7 sitting; seat, bench. 
m.m. z darni, turf seat, -kiba, 
vid. siedlisko. •-iec ^^ to sit ; 
(w ivipzieniuj be confined, be im- 
prisoned; (nad czemj labour at. 
m,i». na koniu, to be on horseback. 
m,<^ przy stole, to sit at table; 
clcho ~ ^, to sit still. 

siegllnac, *ac ^" to reach; (po 
CO J reach out for ... 

sieiba^, seed-time, sowing-time. 

siekallc^" to hackle, chop, -.cz"^ 
chopping-knife; incisor, i<icisive 
tooth, •-niua^, slaughter ;/^7?i?>so^ 
hash, mince-meat, •-nka *", mince- 
meat. 

siekielira^, (felling-)axe, hatchet. 
<^rka^, small hatchet. «*rzysko7 
bad large hatchet. 

sielankli'a ^, pastoral poem, idyl. 
•-OWy '^ pastoral, idyllic. 

sielawila, -ka^i (rylaj sprat. 

sielsliki ? rural; pastoral, idyllic. 
•kosc *", pastoralism. 

siemill?, •'Onko 7 seed. -.§ fco- 
nopne, hemp -seed, -v^ Iniane, 
flax-seed. [hall . . . 

sielln ^, hall, vestibule, •-nny ^ 

siennik "J straw-bed. 

siepailc ^" to haul and tear, strike. 
^-CZ "^ burabailifF. 

sierllc, •-sc ^, hair (for stuffing). 

sierdzic si§ "^f to grow angry. 

siermiega ^, smock-frog. 

sierollctwo "J orphanage, orphan- 
hood; orphans pi. «.cy " or- 
phan ... -ta " <fe ^, orphan. 

sierp ^ sickle, reaping-hook. 

Sierpien '" August. [wort. 

sierpik '" small sickle; (bat. J saw- 

sierpniowy " of (the month of) 

sierjpowaty f falcated. [August. 

siersc, vid. sierc. 

sierzant "J non-commissioned of- 
ficer, subofflcer. 

siesc ^\^ (na konj to get on horse- 
back; Bit down; (do lodzij get 
into . .. 

siesta ^. afternoon nap, siesta. 



siestrzan 

Biestrzan "^ (arch.) architrave. 

slew '^ seed; seed-time, --ca '^ 
sower. «».ka \ (hot.) curlew, 
-nia^, seed-lop. *nik ^ drill- 
plough, corn-drill, •-ny f seed . . . 

sikllac, •nac^"*/ to squirt, spout; 
splash, sp'"atter, •-awka ^, (od 
ogwmy/ fire-engine; squirt, syringe. 

sikora^, (om.J titmouse. 

silila ^, strength, vigour; force, 
power ; •> •- i-uchu, impetus, --ia 
pociagowa, tractive power, •.ia 
zbrojna, forces pi., troops pi. 
^ia, af much, many, a great deal. 
•-lacz " powerful man, athlete, 
••lie sie ^r to strain, exert one- 
self '..iny " strong; powerful, 
vigorous. 

sinawllo ^} bluishly. -.osc *", 
bluishness. *.y ^ bluish. 

sinjiiak, -^iec '^ bruise, contusion. 
•.ic *''',*' to beat black and blue; 
dye livid, --iec ^^ to grow livid. 
•-OSC ^>, lividity. -.y <", livid, fal- 



low ; lead-coloured 

Sinogarlica, vid. synogarlica. 

siodemka^, seven. 

siodliiac^^ to saddle, -.larczyk"^ 
saddler's apprentice. -*.larski " 
saddler's, -.larstwo "J saddler's 
trade. *.larz ",' saddler, saddle- 
maker. *.taty f spotted (on the 
back), -.io ^ saddle; kon pod 
«*•», saddle-horse; damskie -v*,, 
lady's saddle, side-saddle; wy- 
sadzic z siodia, to dismount, Cfig.J 
supplant. 

8i6dmy '^ seventh. 

Bioto 7 hamlet. 

Siostlira*", sister. ^ >*, milosierdzia, 
Bister of charity. <*rzenica *", 
niece, sister's daughter, -.rze- 
niec ^, nephew, sister's son. 
•-rzyn " sisterly. 

sit '^ rush, bulrush, -^owie ^ 
bulrush; rush-bad. 

Bit^larz '" sieve- maker. -,ko "i 
small sieve, tea-strainer, •.q 'J 
sieve, cribble, 

Biusiac "^'^ to piddle. 



sk^piec 265 

siwllawy " grayish blu"e. -ek "IJ 
white horse, gray horse, •.iec "^ 
gray- headed person, •-iec ^^,* to 
grow or turn gray, -.iuchny, 
-iutenki " quite gray -headed, 
-^izna^, grayness, hoariness 

siwollbroda '^ gray-beard. «*bro- 
dy " gray-bearded. 

siwollgiowy" gray-headed, -^sc^, 
grayness. -*-sz ^ gray -headed 
and gray-bearded person; white 
horse, •-wtosy " gray -haired. 

siwilicha ^, dram, brandy, -.y ^ 
gray; ffig.J experienced, judi- 
cious. *»y kon, white horse. 

skad "? whence. 

skakali'c "^^ to jump, leap, •-c « 
radosci , to leap for joy. -»CZ '^ 
leaper. 

skala^, Cmuz.J scale, gamut; fna 
mapach etc. J scale; na wielka sfcaZe, 
on a gigantic scale. 

skaljia*", rock, •.listosc^, rocki- 
ness. -'listy f rocky, fall oi 
rocks ; petrous, •-lista kosCf pe-*. 
trous bone. 

skalac "^^f to stain, spot, befoul. 

skaleczllyc "^^ to mutilate, maim, 
wound, •.yc si^^f to be woun« 
ded. -^-enie " mutilation. 

skalltka^, small rock; flint, gun- 
flint; fmed.J albugo. -Iny ? 
rocky, rock -like; olej -*.*, pe<. 
troleum. -.Jk^wka ^, fobs.J bluni 
derbuss. 

skamielllina ^, fossil, -wnialosc^, 
petrifaction. *.iiiaiy " petrified 
-'llic ^'" to turn into stone ; (fig>/ 
petrify, lapidify, -^niec "^^ to 
petrify, -^nienie ^ lapidification. 

skandal "IJ scandal. 

skandowac '^" to scan. 

skapac '^f to dip, plunge, bathe. 
x^'siq ^r to dive. 

skapcaniec ^? to languish, flag. 

8kapi!!c ^V' to be avaricious; fczego) 
to' be sparing of. -^c sohie, to 
pinch oneself •-ca ^, niggardly 
woman, --ec "^ miser, niggard 



skapo 



266 



skapllo **f niggardly; .deficiently. 

—OSC*", deficiency; niggardliness. 

•.y*;' niggardly,avaricious. •.stwo'^ 

niggardliness, 
skarailc ^? to punish, •-me ♦ 

punishment, punishing, 
skarb '^ treasure ftez fig.); trea- 



sury , fisc. *ic 



to gather, 



heap up; (sohie) acquire, gain. 
•iec "^ treasury; (panstwa) ex- 
chequer, public treasury, -.nica*", 
treasury ; jeAvels box. •.nik "^ trea-. 
surer. •-ona.'^Ollka*", money-box. 

skarbowac ^'f to notch. 

skarboiiwosc^tfinancesiji., finance. 
•wy f financial, of finances; 
fiscal. 

skarcic ^^ to reprehend, scold. 

skarllga ''\ complaint; (sadowaj 
Euit, action, -.zacy ^ complai- 
ning, -viacy, -zyciel "^ plaintiff, 
complainant. *iyc si§ ^f Cna 
kogoj to complain of. •-zyciel "^ 
accuser, impeacher. 

skarfowacillaly f dwarf- like, 
dwarfish. «»ec '^^ to become 
dwarfish, waste away. 

skarp ^y (io.) turbot. 

skarpa^, (fort.) scarp, slope. 

skarykatiirowac '^^ to caricature. 

skasowac ^f to annul, destroy, 
dissolve. 

skaza \ spot, stain, blot; (fig.) 
blemish, flaw. 

skazllac, -'ywac """ to show, indi- 
cate, point out; (kogo na co) 
condemn to ... •-aiiie 7 condeni- 
natlon. 

skallzenie ^ pollution, cotitami- 
nation; corruption, -.zic ""^ to 
contaminate ; corrupt, spoil, •.zi- 
ciel '^ corrupter , destroyer. -.21- 
telnosc^, corruptibility. «.zitel- 
ny " corruptible; corrupt, cor- 
rupted. 

Bkaz6wka ^, (u zegaraj hand; 
(fig.J hint. 

sk^pstWO, vid. skapstwo. 

skiblla ^, clod (of earth), ^ka ^, 
slice (of bread). 



sklepowy 

skielet, vid. szkieUt. 

skierowac ^f to turn to, direct to, 

skik *, quick! pop! 

skinllac ^^ to wink, make a sign, 
-vienie T nodding; nod, sign, 

skislliy f tourned sour. *nac '^^ 
to turn sour. 

sklad. "^ composition, organisation; 
fciaiaj constitution; (irvarzy J com- 
p^exion ; ware-house, store-house, 
magazine. m, apostolskif the 
Apostles' Creed. -.ac ^? to 
lay together, fold ; lay down, put 
down ; ftirzadj abdicate, resign ; 
fzboze etc.) pile up; (rece) clasp, 
join; (wyrazy etc.) compound, 
compose ; (Iron) lay down ; (pit' 
niadze u kogo) deposit; (co na 
kogo) impute to, attribute to; 
(dzipki) render; (wizytpj pay; 
(rachunki) give (an account); 
(przysipgp) take. •»•. gig ^f ^ 
be folded; be composed; fit, suit; 
(na kogo) pay a share for the 
benefit of; put oneself into a 
fencing-posture, -.acz "^ folder; 
compositor. *.any " n6z -*•., clasp- 
knife; stot •»-., telescope table, 
•-ka^, contribution, share; wnieiv 
luh opiacic 'vk^, to pay one's 
share, ^-kowy f arranged by 
clubbing together, -.nia *", (gram.) 
syntax. -^nik "^ ingredient, 
•-nose ^, harmoniousness , sym- 
metry, proportion; shapeliness, 
•-ny f harmonious, symmetrical ; 
well-shaped, well-turned. «'OWe? 
storage; stowage. 

skiamac ^" to tell a lie. 

sklaniac, vid. skloni6. 

sklellcic ^^ to huddle up, bungle, 
'•'ic ^? to glue together. 

sklep "i; cellar; shop, -id ^? to 
vault, arch. <«ienie " vault, 
vaulting. <«•«> krzyzowe, groined 
vault. •«•. feopuZwfc, cupola, •.ik'5 
smaU shop, -iony " vaulted, 
arched. «'i8tO <^ in shape of an 
arch, -visty , arch -shaped. 
•-owy ^ shop ... 



fiklo, vid. szlclo. [over. 

8kl:6c ^^ to prick or pierce all 
skldcic ""? to Btir up. 
skionllic^? to induce; bow. •.«.. 
sig ^r to bow ; (do czegoj incline 
to. *ncsc ^» inclination, pro- 
pensity; fdo choroby J disposition. 
^ny f prone, disposed, minded, 
sklopotany ? uneasy, sorrowful. 

ski||6ty, -nty ^ (fe ? pierced all 
over. 

skner!'a "IJ niggard, miser, hunks. 
*Stwo "J niggardliness. 

skcbel 1? basp, staple (for a bolt). 

skoczliek '^ leaper, jumper, cape- 
rer; fw szachachj knight; fzoj 
jumping- mouse; fzoj skipper. 
'»'*> na linie, rope-dancer, -.ka ^, 
female leaper. ^nO| •-nie **? lea- 
plngly. -.ny? skipping, jumping; 
lively, vivacious, -.yc *^i^ to take 
a leap, spring, leap, [unite. 

skoiarzyc ^" -- si§ ^f to join, 

skok ^y leap, jump, bound; w •», 
-viem, by leaps, in great haste. 

skolacyonowac ^" to collate. 

Bkoiatany " (fig J bent, bowed. 

skolouizowac "^^ colonize. 

skomlec, -ic 
whimper. 

skomplikowac '^^ ffigj to com- 

skomponowac ^f to compose. 

skon 'IJ --anie 7 decease, death. 
•-ac ^? to decease, die. 

skoncentrowac ^" to concentrate. 

skonczllenie " ending, conclusion, 
termination, •.ouosc ^« flnite- 
uess. -ony ^ &^ finished: ac- 
complished, -•^yc "^f to finish, 
bring about, accomplish; He - *., 
to come (go) to grief. «.~ sie, 
to take an end, end; be over." 

skonfederowac ^^ • sie "^X to 
confederate. 

skonfiskowac ""f to confiscate. 

skonsumowac ^" to consume. 

skop '" wether. -*.ek '^ milk-pail. 
-^owina ^, mutton. *.owy " of 
mutton, mutton ..,; fcoiief -*owy, 
mutton chop. 



^^ to whine, 
fplicata 



ekowronek 267 

skopac ^f to dig up, turn up. 

ekopiowac ^" to transcribe, copy. 

sk6r|ia \ hide; skin; leather; 
fdrzewaj bark. *.a cielfca, calf- 
skia. i^a niedzwiedzia, bear's 
skin. <»a woiowa, neat's leather; 
^/Zgr.y dac komu po -^ze, to curry 
a person's hide, ^^ka^, pellicle, 
cuticle; CowocuJ peel, paring; 
(chleba) crust, -^ka szagrynowa, 
shagreen; (fig J -,ka na buty, 
good-for-nothing. *.nik ^ currier ; 
leather-dealer, leather-merchant, 
••ny ^ cutaneous, -.owatv " 
leathery. 

skorek '" (zoj ear-wig. 

skorbut, vid. szkorbut. 

skoro f as soon as. 

skorllo ^} quickly, -.qsc ^, quick- 
ness. m.Y ^ quick, brisk. 

skorup||a*i (czerepj shard; (jaja, 
raka, zotwiaj shell ; crust. *.iak '^ 
crustacean, crustaceous animal, 
-iasty ^ crustaceous. -iec ^? 
to crust. *-ka *i small shard; 
czem m, m, za mtodu. nasiaknie, tcm 
na starosc traci, the child is the 
father of the' man. 

skorpion "^ fzo.J scorpion. 

skory> ^^^' ^^oro . . . 

skoscilialy, -ec, vid. sJcostniaiy, 
skostniec. 

8k6rzany " leathern, leather. 

skorzystac ^f (z czegoj to derive 
profit from; ni$ - z czegOf to 
over slip. 

skosnllo «? slantingly, •osc ^, 
slopingness, obliquity. -.y f 
oblique, slanting. 

skostnillaly? chilled, stiflf. •ec^? 
to grow callous; (od zirnnaj to 
get chilled, •-enie ^ torpidity, 
stiffness. [mowing. 

skolsic ^"? to mow off. «*szenie " 

skosztowac ^" to taste. 

skotallrka *", herdswoman. -..rz ^ 
herdsman. [ferrule. 

skliQwac, vid. skuc. -.6wka <i 

skowronek '^ (om.) lark. 



268 skowycze6 

skowyllczec '^V' to howl, whine, 
•.t "^ -'tanie "J howling, 
skra, vid. iskra. 
skracac, vid. skrScid. 
skradac si§ ^r to steal into, 
skrajllac ^" to lop oflf, cut away ; 
(j)rzykrajac) cut out. •-nOSC ^, 
extreme, extremity, -.ny ^ ex- 
treme, [•'lac, vid. skroplic. 
Bkrapiliac '*^f to moisten, wet. 
skrasc ^'^ to steal, purloin, 
skrawilac, vid. skraja6. -ek ^ 
shred, chip. 

skrecllac, •'ic '^^V' to twist together; 
filch, pilfer ; Cna leioo luh prawoj 
turn; ffig.J ledwo sip nie •.§, I 
sit upou thorns. *.ic kark^ to 
break the neck. 

skr§powac^" to tie, bind; fkogoj 
gag, hamper. 

skreslllac, -ic ^f to trace; deli- 
neate; cancel, erase, 
skrft "^ twisted thread; winding, 
turning; i^mZjc?/^ corner; shaft-bar. 
-^ny ^ twisting, 
skrewic ^f to perpetrate, 
skrobilac, -.nac ^" to scrape, 
shave; (ryhy) scale; f papier J rub. 
-acz ^ grater, -.aczka ^, ("na^ 
rzedzie) rubber, •.adlo ^ scraper, 
-anina ^, scraping; erasure, 
•-iny pL, shavings pi. 
skrilacac, -6cic ^? to shorten; 
(treicj abridge ; (sloivo) abbrevi- 
ate. ^6cenie "I shortening; ab- 
breviation; abridgment; w •,6- 
ceniu, abridgedly. 
Bkrofuliliczny^ scrofulous. *.lypL, 
skroic, vid. skrajac. [scrofula, 
skrom "IJ fmysl.j grease (of a bare 
or of a roe). 
ekromlinosc *", modesty, discretion. 

--ny ?• modest, unpretending, 
skro'ln <i temple (of the head), 
-^-niowy " temporal. 
Skropljic, vid. skrapiac. •rlic "^^ 

to condense, condensate, 
skros ^^ across, strait across, 
skruclia*", repentance,, compunc- 
tion, contrition. 



skrzypce 

skrupillac, -vc^? to rough-grind. 

skrupulll 1? scruple, -.lat "IJ very 
scrupulous man. -latnosc ^, 
scrupulosity , conscientiousness. 
-"latny f subtile, subtle, con- 
scientious. 

skruszilaly ^ Co mif^iej tender, 
soft; ffig.J contrite. *ec '"V' (o 
mipsiej to become tender or soft; 
ffig.J soften, -.ony ? penitent, 
compunctious. «.yc "^f to moul- 
der, to crumb; fpptaj to cast oflf; 
fkogoj to move, touch. 

skrwawllic ""f to stain with blood, 
-"iony " blood-stained. 

skrylic "^^ •'Wac, to hide, conceal. 
•-Cie ^ hiding; hiding-place, 
•-cie ^} secretly, in private. 
«^tka^, hiding-place, •-topicio- 
wy " cryptogamous. -tOSC ^, 
taciturnity, secrecy, retinence; 
secret, •-ty ^ reserved, close, 
discreet; concealed, hidden. 

skrypt "^ writing, writ; note. 

skrystalizowany ? crystallised. 

skrzellczec "^'V' to scream , croak. 
*.k '"I croaking, scream; shriek; 
fzahij frog-spawn. 

skrzeczek "^ (zo.J hamster, Ger- 
man marmot. 

skrzele pi., gills pi. 

skrzep ^ coagulum. 

skrzeplllosc ♦", coagulation, coagu- 
bility. *.iy f clotty, coagulable. 
-^-nac '"^ to coagulate, curdle. 

skrzesac '"'^ (ogniaj to strike (fire). 

skrzf tllnosc ', assiduity, industryj 
activity, -i-ny " assiduous, in- 
dustrious, active, busy. 

skrzydlleiko "J small wing. *.lasty, 
--laty ? winged, -^io 7 wing; 
(instrument J grand piano; fka- 

pelusza) brim ; (drzwij leaf; ffig.J 
protection. 

skrzynllia ^, shrine, chest, bin. 
*.ka*", box, little chest, m.^. do 
listow, letter-box. 

skrzyp ^ screak; fbotj shave- 
grass. *,ak, -'iciei '^ scraper, 
fiddler, •-ce i>i., violin, fiddle. 



skrzypcowaty 

•-cowaty ^ fiddle-shaped. *»co- 
wy ? fiddle ... «.ek "1? violin- 
player, violinist, ^iec, •-nac '^^ 
to creak, screak, rattle. *.ki pi. 
small violin, •-liwy " creaking, 
screaking. 
Bkrzywdzi'enie T injuriousness, 



slawa 



26y 



'IC 



to injure. 



skrzywillac, ^-c^" to crook, curve. 
-.c si§ '^r to bend; ffigj to make 
grimaces. 

skrzyzo wac ^" (rexej to lay across, 
to cross. 

skubilnac, *ac ""^ to tug, pluck, 
pick, "^anka*", lint. 

skuc ^^ to forge on, forge to- 
gether; chain. *- sie "^f Cfa'm.J 
to get drunk. 

skudlic ^? to dishovel, tousle. 

skulic sie ^f to cower, squat 
(together)" crouch. 

skupillc, *ac '"^ to hoard (up), 
lay in a heap; bring together; 
(myHiJ concentrate. -*-. sie ^f 
to assemble, collect; (fig.) collect 
oneself. *.enie " accumulation ; 
gathering. * -^ sie " collected- 
ness. 

skupl'ieu "^ forestaller. •.owac, 
••ic '^" to buy up, forestall. 

skurcz "^ (ratd.J systole. •-yc 
sie ^r to shrivel, shrink; crouch. 

skusic "^^ to seduce. -- si^ "^f 
to succomb to temptation. 

skateczj'nosc ^, efllcacy. efifica- 
ciousness. -.ny ^ efiicacious, 
eflicient. ~ 

skutllek ^ effect, operation; suc- 
cess; result; przijjsc do /^ku, to 
be accomplished; przywiesc do 
-^ku, to bring about, accomplish ; 
Tja •.*. czego, in coni<cquencc of. 
-^kowac ^^* to have effect, 
operate. 

Skullty P<fc? forged on; Vfig.J 
drunk, -^wac, vid. skuc. 

skwaplillwosc ^, hastiness, speedi- 
ness. -vwy '^ precipitate, over- 
hasty; hasty. 

Skwar ^ blazing heat, very hot 



weather, •.no ^p •.«* (dzisiaj)^ 
(today) it is hot weather, •-ny. ^ 
burning, hot. 

skwallrka*", greave. -rzyc ^" to 
broil in butter or grease. 

skwal^sic ^^!' to leaven, sour, put 
in vinegar, -sniaiy " (over) 
soured, -^sniec ''^ to sour, turn 

skweres "I noise, bustle, [sour. 

skwierilczec ^^,^ to whimper; ftia 
og^u'u^ hiss, spit, -vk 'T "^'himper; 
hiss. [jaznij break. 

skwitowac'^^ to acquit; fz przy 

slaban, vid. szlaban. 

siablliec, •'iiac ^'^ to decline, be- 
come weak. " -.iuchny, -^-iutki ^ 
very weak, •'iiiecie " (zdroivia 
etc. J declination." ^izna *", side, 
flank; (fig J blind side, foible. 
^Q ad weakly, feebly, •.o wii 
sip robi, I am sick at heart. 
•'OSC *i feebleness, weakness; 
foible; indisposition. •» •» oczu, 
dimness of eyes. *ostka ^, foible, 
•.y ^ weak, feeble ; faint, infirm ; 
fa napojachj weak ; indisposed. 
/*,y na nerivy, nervous 

siahowiiitosc ^, feebleness, infir- 
mity, debility. *ty ?" infirm, 
feeble; sickly. 

stac^^to make the bed; (gniazdo) 
to built one's nest; spread, scatter; 
(fig. drogej facilitate; (most) 
throw. *. pole trupami, to mas- 
sacre. ->, sie ^r to be massacred ; 
build one's "nest; >*, sip komu do 
nog, to prostrate oneself. 

siac ^'^ to send. [etc. 

slachcianka etc., vid. szlachcianka 

slaczek " (narrow) selvage. 

slad ^ track, trace. •. stopy, foot- 
print; iSc to m, za, to be at the 
heels of; hez ^.u, traceless. 

slafmyca, vid. szlafmyca. 

slak, slam, vid. szlak, stUam. 

slamazarlla, *'nik^ awkward man. 
-'llOSC ^■> awkwardness, clumsi- 
ness, •.ny " awkward, clumsy. 

staniac sie ^T to totter, stagger. 

stawL'a U renown, glory; fame. 



270 



slawid 



•»ic ''f to glorify, praise, extol, 
•'iony f celebrated. •»nosc ^, 
celebrity, renown, •.ny ^ cele- 
brated, famous. 

Biaz ^, fboi.J mallow; rennet, 
abomasus. f^yvrYf malvaceous. 

ileczec '^? to harrass oneself. 
«» nad ksiazJcami , to be fond of 
study. 

filedczy f of inquiry. 

sleildlS "^ berring. -*«- wpdzony, 
red herring, ^dziarka ^\ herring- 
■v; oman. ••dziarz '" herring-man. 

sledzllenie "i inquiry. «.ic ^f (za 
IcimJ to trace, track ; investigate, 
inquire into, •.iciel ^ investi- 
gator, inquirer. 

iledziliennik "^ hypochondriac. 
-ona ^, milt, spleen, ^onka ^, 
^6o«.ymiltwort.».onowy'? spleen... 

Sledzi6wka *i herring-barrel. 

sledztwo ^ inquisition, inquest, 
trial. 

Blep "^ fvulg-J eye. -ak ^ near- 
sighted man; /^/^igr.^ short-sighted 
man. •-iac, '•-ic ^? to open one's 
eyes, -.-ic ""f to blind, make 
blind, -ien " f^oj ox -fly. 
<*nac ^^ to grow blind. *»o «■? 
blindly, blindfold; (^figj na •-, 
at random. *ota ^, 'blindness; 
('/'ig.^ infatuation, ^^owron "^ 
('orn.^ night-heron, -wy ^ blind ; 
(oknOf drzwij mock, dead ; (ndbdjj 
blank; fanatj -».a kiszka, blind 
gut. «.a miioU, fond love. 

BUczllnosc^, handsomeness, beauti- 
fulness. -*ny? handsome, beauti- 

elif . . ., vid. azlif . . . [ful. 

Eliinallczek'^ slug. -,czy f snail . . . 
••k "^ snail, -'kowy f snail ... 
•"►, -kowaty" snail-like; spiral. 

olinlia *", spittle, saliva, spawl. 
'viaczek ^ pinafore, bib, -^iany " 
salivary, salivous. *.iasty " full 
of spittle. •'OWy " *. * gruczol, 
salivary gland, •-ic ""^ to slaver, 
beslaver. *»•■ si§ ^f to slaver. 
•-ka^, saliva; Cna coj appetite, 
«*0g6rz ^ inflammation of the 



slonko 

throat, sore throat. A-otok 'J 
salivation. 

slipiac, vid. ilepiaS. 

slipie fvulgj pi. od Hep. 

sliskyi " slippy; CfigJ uncertain, 
doubtful, dangerous. «*.o "? jest 
-^O, it is slippery. -►OSC ^, slippe- 
riness, lubricity; (fig.J dubious- 
ness. 

sliwlla *", plum-tree, -.owica ^, 
brandy (made of plums), •.ka \ 
plum, •.kowy ^ plum . . . , o! 
plums; zupa *.kowa, soup with 
plums. 

sliz ";' (ryla) loach. 

slizgalic sif '"X to slide, skate. 
•'Wica *", glazed frost, ••wka ^, 
slide , sliding - path ; (aztuczna) 
skating-rink. 

slochac, vid. szlochac. 

st6d '^ malt; roMc -*,, to malt. 

siodiikawosc ^,sweetishness. •.ka- 
wy " sweetish. -*.ki ^ sweet; 
ffig.) agreeable, pleasing, lovely. 
«»ko "•? sweetly ; ("fig. J agreeably. 
-^kosc, •-ycz ^, sweetness; f fig.J 
loveliness,amiableness.•<dyczep^, 
sweetings pl.^ comfits pi. -zic "f 
to sweeten. 

siodowllnia ^, malt-floor. *.nik " 
maltster, -vy f malt . . . 

stodziny pi., malt-dust. 

stl!6j "? box (in "a chemist's shop) ; 
fw drzewi^J streak, vein, -^-oik ^ 
small box (in a chemist's shop). 

siomlla^, straw, halm, •-ianka*", 
straw-mat; straw-basket, "^iany * 
strawy, made of straw. *ka *\ 
straw, halm ; fhotj snipe, wood- 
cock. *.kowy f made of straw. 
A«*. kapelusz, straw-hat. 

slon '^ (zo.) elephant, 

slonawilo «? brinishly. •-y f 
saltish, brinish. 

stoiince 'J sun. <^ m, poindniowe, 
noontide sun. •.•» xuschodzi, the 
sun rises. >» «* zadiodzi, the sun 
sets; wystdwic na •,*., to sun. 
•-neczko, «^nko " fpieszczotUwieJ 
sun. 



slonecznik 

Blonecznllik ^, (lot.) girasol(e). 
«*y ^ sohar, sunny; jasnoU *a, 
sunshine, •.e plamy ^ spots in 
the sun; proviien -^y, sunbeam; 
zar ^y, blazing sun; zegar •-y, 
sun-dial. 

stoniec ""V" to become briny. 

sioninlla *", lard. *iec "? 'soap- 
stone, steatite, •-ka*", lard, slice 
of lard, •.owy ? lardy. 

sioniowlly ^ elephant's; ivory, 
•.a fcoic, ivory. [tish; salted. 

stojinosc ^, saltness. -ny ^ sal- 

sl6salirczyk "^ journeyman lock- 
smith. *mia *", workshop of a 
locksmith, -.rski " locksmith's. 
•-rstwo "J locksmith's trade, 
-rz "i; locksmith. 

8iot;!a^, very bad weather, rainy 
weather. -ny ? rainy, bad 
(weather), -'napom, rainy season. 

slowiilczy f of the nightingale. 
•k 'i; (orn.) nightingale; (fig.J 
poet. 

sWwkllO ^ word ; wziac Tcogo na •», 
to take aside ; donieS -^o , send 
a word, -^a pi., vocables pi., 
words pL; na «».o! can I hav3 a 
word with you? 

siown!!ictwo, -ikarstwo 'J lexico- 
graphy. *.ik "^ dictionary, lexi- 
con. *.ikarski " lexicographer's ; 
lexical, -ikarz ™ lexicographer. 
•'OSC^, reliableness, -.y ^ keep- 
ing one's word, reliable; literal; 
verbal, oral. 

Stowllo "J word; promise; ('gram. J 
verb. «».o Boze, the Word; do- 
trzymac ••a, to keep one's word ; 
(jednemj •.em, in short, •-o iv «*0, 
literally , word for word, •.o 
dajp! upon my word. •'Ordd ^ 
primitive word, etymon. ^ 

sI6zeui "P athwart, across. 

slnb '^ wedding; vow, solemn 
promise; hrac •., to get married ; , 
dawac •., to marry. <*, potajemny^X 
hedge-marriage. *.y zdkonne, rao- | 
nastic vow or profession, •-ny " I 
wedding; nuptial, bridal; (dzitckoJ\ 



sluzba 



271 



legitimate ; --ny pierScionek, wed- 
ding-ring, ••owac ^? to vow, 
makoavow;proraise. •-owinypl-, 
espousals pi., atfiance. 

siuch ij sense of hearing; (myil.) 
ear; ('luiedzied o czemj ze •n, by 
hearsay or report, •-ac ^"? to 
listen; hear, attend to, give ear 
to; obey; (prawa etc.) to study 
(the law etc.); (mazy) hear, 
-acz ™ auditor, hearer. *.aczka ^, 
(female) hearer. *.alnia*", audi- 
tory, auditorium, •-anie "J hea- 
ring, •-owy? auditory, auditive; 
przewdd *./^, (anat.) alveary. 

siuglla^ (pi. ~dzy) (man-)servant, 
waiter. *a \ (pi. -^gi) (maid-) 
servant, waitress. *.a hoielowy^ 
Boots, hostler ; jaki pan, taki •a, 
like master, like man. 

sluf . . ., vid. szlif . . . 

siup ^ post, pole, stake; pillar, 
column. — dymu, pillar of smoke. 
<w telegraficzny , telegraph-pole, 
-.ek ^, small pillar ; (hot.) pistil. 
•.ka statvac, (mysl.) to sit up on 
its hiudlegs. -.iabty *? columnar, 
coluraniform. *.iec "IJ stake ; shaft 
of a piUar; spindle (of a winding 
staircase); door-post, •.owy f 

slusa . . ., vid. slosa . . . [pillar . .. 

sinszllnosc *", justness, equitable- 
ness ; right ; viiec *. *, to be right. 
••ny " just, equitable, right; 
honest, fair; proper. • 

sluz ^ slime; (med.J phlegm. 
•"Owy ^ slimy; mucous. 

sluzila ^, lock, sluice, water-gate, 
--owe ^ lockage. 

stuzacija*", maid-servant, serving- 
maid. *-a knpielowa, bathing- 
woman. «.y ^ domestic, servant. 

stnzalllec '^ menial, slave; (po- 
gardliwie) servant. *CZO "? 
slavishly, servilely. *.czy ? sla- 
vish, servile, -stwo T slavishness. 

sllizliba*^ (sliizeniej service; em- 
ployment, office; servants, do- 
mestics jj^.; przyjac •bf, to take 
an employment. 



272 



sluzbista 



8hi4irbista * faithful, ofllcer. 
-^bowy f of office, spent in office. 
-ebniK, -^ebny ^ man-servant, 
•.ebny , being in service, -.enie ^ 
serving, service, ••ka*", humble 
servant. 

sluZOWet vid. sluza etc. 

shi^yjlc ^,? to serve ; fdo czegoj be 
fit, serviceable; Cu kogoj to be 
in a person's service; ("o psiej 
beg; (komuj agree with a person ; 
czem mog^ ci *.c ? what can I do 
for you? what is your pleasure? 
nie •. mi zdroivie, I am not well; 
m, mu prawo, he has a right to ... ; 
jak ci ». zdroivie? how are you? 
how do you do? 

Siych ^ ani <*,u ani widu o nim, 
he has disappeared. -^ac ^^^ 
people say, they say; we (you) 
hear. 

slynllac '"V' CczemJ to be famous 
for, b"e in vogue ; be (well or ill) 
reputed. *ny ? famous, cele- 
brated. 

siysz *, listen! I say! •.alnv ? 
audible, perceptible, •►ed^?, to 
hear; learn, understand; (o czem, 
o kimj hear of or about; fod kogoJ 
hear from, •.enie "J hearing. 

smaczllek "^ tang, aftertaste. 
-^nosc *", savouriness. ••ny ? 
tasteful, savoury, sapid; agreeable; 
•-negO apetytu! I wish you a 
good appetite! 

smagac ^f to lash, scourge. 

smagiilawosc ^, ("o cerzej swarthi- 
ness. •awy " swarthy, •-osc *\ 
lankiness. •.y " lanky, slender, 
slim. 

smak '^ tasle , sense of tasting ; 
liking; flavour; to mi nie do •u, 
it is not to my taste; (jeic) ze 
••iein, . . . witu appetite, •o- 
wac ^"?^ to taste ; savour ; relish 
a thing, delight in a thing; to 
wino mi «wuje, I like this wine, 
••owitosc ^, savouriness. •.o- 
wity " savoury, 
smalii'ec "^ grease, lard. * - wie- 



dmier6 

przowt/y hog's lard, -kic ""^ buns 
slightiy; ffigj •» •, cholewki (do 

pannyj, to pay one's court (to a 
girl). *ony ^ cfe « burnt (slightly), 
••one diihy, nonsense. 

smaragd, vid. szmaragd. 

smalta*", sraalt. 

smardz '^ Clot.J morel. 

smark "^ snot, sniveL --ac '"fV' 
to blo\7 one's nose. «-acz ™ 
snotty fellow; young saucy per- 
son, chit. -«ata, *<atka^, snotty 
girl, -watka ^, tallow -candle, 
•-aty ^ snotty; fo koniuj glan- 
dered. 

smarliowac ■"" to smear, grease; 
embalm, anoint; (-fig.J bribe; 
fmasiemj to butter; kto •'tije t^n 
jedzie, grease well and you will 
go fast, •-owidto "l grease (for 
carriages). 

smazllenie "? roast, roasting, ••o- 
ny ^ roast. *.yc ""^ to roast, 
grill, fry (in a pan). 

smelka^, water-gruel. [son. 

smerda '^ chit, young saucy per- 

smereka^, red fir. 

smetarz, vid. cmentarz. 

sm^tnllosc ^, sadness, melancholy. 
*.y ^ sad, melancholy. 

smiallc si§ ^r <^o laugh; fz kogoy 
z czegoj laugh at . . . •-c slg 
azyderczoj to sneer. -i<nie sig , 
laughing. 

smiatliek ^ foolhardy man, dare- 
devil. -0, smiele "-p boldly, 
hardily, ^o! cheer up! -•'OSC^. 
boldness, hardiness, •-y f bold, 
hardy, audacious. 

smiec ^^ to dare, venture. 

smiech "^ laughing, laughter; 
ohrocic w *, to turn into raillery; 
parsknac ze •.u, to burst ou^ 
laughing. 

smiecie pi., sweepings pL, rubbish. 

smierllc ^, death. <*c glodowa, star- 
ving, starvation; fca ra •-ci, capi- 
tal punishment, pain of death; 
zapomniaiem o tern na <»c, I for- 
got all about it. 



§mierdna6 

smierlldnac '^f to become stink- 
ing, begin stinking, •-dzifec ^V' 
fczemj to stink of ... -.dziel ^ 
fzoj gadfly. **dziucll %' nasty 
person, stinkard. 

smiertelllnik "^ mortal, -.iiosc^* 
mortality, deadliness. •ny " 
mortal, deadly. •-na liado4c, 
paleness of death, •.na koszula, 
shroud, winding-sheet. 

smierzyc ^f to appease. 

smieszliek™ buffoon, jester, •-nie'*? 
• f jest, ze ... it is ridiculous . . . 
••nosc^ ridiculousness, ludicrous- 
ness ; raillery. *ny ? ridiculous, 
ludicrous, laughable, risible. 
•.yc "^"^ to make laugh. 

smietanlla, *ka ^, cream. *.kowy ^ 
cream . . ., creamy. 

smietnik "^ dust-box. 

smiglia ^, Cu wiatrakaj bevel. *.ac, 
•-nac ^?^ (hiczemj to strike with 
a whip, •.ownica^, howitzer. 

smo!!czek ^, (zo.) dragon; suc- 
torial organ; (u pompyj sucker. 
*czy " dragon's, dragon, i^cze 
drzeico, smoczydrzew, dragon-tree. 
<^cza giowka, dracocephalum. 
•cza krew, dragon's blood, --k '^ 
dragon; sucking pump, •-kowy, 
vid. smoczy. 

smoklln^c, --tac '^^f to smack 
(with the lips); (vulg.) to kiss. 

smollla *", pitch, cobbler's wax. 
*lanka ^, (hot.) wild pink. «wlar- 
nia ^, pitch-hut. A^larz ^ pitch- 
burner. 

smolliic ^f to pitch. *isty f 
pitchy, greasy, -nica^, grease- 
box. *iiOSC *", greasiness, pitehi- 
ness. «.ny " pitchy, resinous. 

Smollika, vid. smolnica. '^'OWleC " 
mineral pitch, bitumen. 'kUCll ^ 
sloven, grimy fellow. 

Binrll6d ^ stink, stench, ^^odli- 
wosc ^, fetidness, •■odliwy f 
stinking, •.odynia *", fbotj black- 
berry, -rodzic*^?? to stink, smell 
badly, •-odziciel "^ stinkard. 
Czedc j)oUko-angiel9ka. 



snowieszczek 273 

8mnl!ci6 ^f to afflict, grieve. -. «• 
sif I to grieve, sadden, be aflQic- 
ted. -,tek "; affliction, grief, 
•-tnie, •'tno ^ sadly, mourn- 
fully, m»m, mif it grieves me to 
the heart, •tnosc ^t sadness, 
mournfulness. •.tny ? sorrow- 
ful, sad, mournful; afflicting, af- 
flictive, [of land. 

smtig: ^ -a ^, sta-ipe, streak ; tract 

smuzyk "^ dressed lambskin. 

smycz*', le^sh. 

smyllczek "i; fmuz.j bow, fiddle- 
bow, ^czkowy f bow ... •k "J 
^Twwz.^large bow; ^/ig'.> light spark. 
-k * hush! quick! -,kn%C ^^^ 
to run away; pilfer. 

snac «f perhaps; probably. 

snadnllie, -'O "? easily, -osc ^r 
easiness. *^y ^ easy, practicable. 

sniadai.'c ^? to breakfast •-nie 7 
breakfast, -i-nny f breakfast . . . 

sniadilawy '^ fallow. *08C ^, 
tawniness. -*y ^ tawny, dark- 
brown. 

snic 8i§ ^T to dream; appear in 
a dream. 

sniellc ^Z fna zhozuj smut, blight. 
•"Cisty " smutty, blighted. 

sniedeK'^ ^6of.> star of Bethlehem. 

snielldz ^, copper-rust, rust. m» 
dziec ^" to grow rusty. 

snietig "^ snow. -*g pada, it snows, 
-'gowy'T sno w. .. -,guia,-gui:ka ^. 
(om.) snow-bird; (hot.) snow- 
drop. '»>zka^, snow-ball. •.zno<*f 
(itst) it snows, •-iny ^ snowy; 
white as snow, snow-white, 
•zyc^tosnow. .•'Syca^, snow- 
dAft; (hot.) snow-drop. 

snop '^ (siomy) sheaf. *ek 'J 
(aianaj bottle. 

snllowac, ••nc "^ (prz^dzp) to un- 
wind, reel off; spin; (ponczochfj 
darn, darn up. -*tic 8i§ '^f to 
swarm; (przed oczyina) to wave 
before one's eyes, ^owalnla, 
•uwalnia', reel, yarn-winder. 

siiowie8ZCzek ^ interpreter of 
dreams. 

18 



274 snycerski 

snycellrski " carver's, statuary's. 

•-rska robota, carved work. 

-rstwo " statuary, sculpture, 

•-rz "^ carver, sculptor. 
SOba ^n^- ahlat. od sie. 
SOblIek 1 egotist; pierwej -.kowi, 

jpotem dohkowi, charity begins at 

home, -vkostwo "^ selfishness. 
sobie ^*T <^«^- od si^. 
S0biI61 "; (zo.) sable, -ole F?., 

sable-cloak, sable. ««oli, ••olowy f 
sobor "",' council. [sable ... 

Sobota*", Saturday. 
sobotka^, John's fire. 
SObotni f of Saturday. 
SOCha*^ hook-plough; forked pole 

or stake. [socialism. 

Bocyalillsta 'J socialist. «.zm '^ 
fioczewilica ^, lentil, -.iezny f 

lentil . . . •.ks, ^, lens. 
SOCzyslltosc ^, juiciness, sappiness. 

~ty ?- juicy, sappy, 
sod ™ sodium, 
SOfa^i sofa, 
fiofillsta "i; sopliist. -vstyczny, 

-'Zmatyczny ^ sophistical. -. 

zmat "^ sophism. [cuff. 

B6jka ^, Corn. J jay; CfgJ thumb, 
SOJUSZ "^ alliance, league, •.nik 'IJ 

ally, confederate. 
BOk '^ juice; (drzewj sap. «» owo- 

cowy, fruit-juice. 
S0k||6i "5 ^orn.^ falcon, hawk. 

•^olf 7 eyas, -voli ^ hawk's. 

•"Olik " rorn.; hobby ; (iig.) oko 

-ole, eagle eye. -olnictwo ^ 

hawking, falconry, ^olniczy " 

falconer's, -olnik ^ falconer. 
SOkora^, black poplar. 
il61 ^ salt. -. glauberska, Glauber- 
salt, sulphate of soda. «. gorzka, 

Epsom salt, m, Icuchenna, com- 

xaon salt. *. morsha, bay-salt; 

(bye komuj sol(^ w oku, .... a thorn 

in one's side, 
solilanka 'i salt-wort. •.anM pi., 

brine-salt, -arz "^ salt -dealer. 

-"ankowy " brine . . . 
solenllizant ™ man celebrating his 

birthday or name-day. ^izan^a^. 



^, soda, •rowy 
[soda . . . 



sowizdrzalski 

woman celebrating her birthday 
or name-day. •.nie ^} solemnly. 
M> m, obchodziCf to solemnise, -^nyf 

SOlic ^f to salt. [solemn. 

SOlidarllnosc ^, solidarity, unlimi- 
ted liability, •.ny " jointly and 
separately liable. 

solista ^ solo-singer [worm. 

soiiter '^ fbrylantj solitaire ; tape- 

solllnia^, salt-cellar. *-ny f sa- 
line; salt ...; zupa '►na, salt- 
work, saltern ; kwas -^ny, muria- 
tic acid. <*ony P & ^ salted. 
•vowarnia^, salt- work, -.owka^, 
pickle, brine; /^Secz/fay/ salt-barrel. 

s61niczka*', salt-box. 

solowy ^ solo ... 

soitys '^ bailiff, mayor (of a vil- 
lage). •'OWStWO "J mayorship 
(in a village). [break up. 

SOlwOWac ^^ Cposiedzenie) to 

sondlla ^, probe, -.owac '*'''? to 

sonet "^ sonnet. [probe. 

SOpllel '^ icicle; snivel; (zamka) 
stem. *leniec '^ (mineral.) sta- 
lactite. 

SOpran'^ treble, soprano, --istka ', 
sopranist, treble-singer. 

sorbet ™ sherbet. 

sordynka^, (muz.) sordino. 

sortyment '^ assortment, •owy? 
-•-owa ksi^garnia, retail book- 
trade. 

SOS ^ sauce; (fig.) humour, tem- 
per, -jerka ^, sauce-dish, sauce- 

SOSlska^ small sausage. [pan. 

sosllna^, pine, pine-tree, -.enka, 
^nka ^, small pine, •►iidwka^, 
(orn.) coal -mouse, -nowy ?" 
pine .... of pine. [forest. 

sosnina^, pino-wood; (small) pine- 

BOtnia^, (mil.) company 

SOWli'a ^, (orn.) owl. *.i f owl-like, 
owlish ; (fig.) sad, mournful. *ia- 
ty " sad, mournful. «.i§ 'J owlet. 

SOWillcie, «*tO ^} abundantly, co- 
piously, •.ty f abundant, co- 
pious. 

sowizdrzalll ^ wag, buffoon, 
-Ifiki f wag's, buffoonish. 



spiec 



275 



1 1, p. (— dwiptej pamiecij deceased, 
late. [bed. 

spac^ to sleep; isc *, to go to 

spacer " walk, stroll; fmiejace) 
promenade, -owac "^^ to take 
a walk, '^owy " promenade, 
•"tljacy " walker, pedestrian. 
•.•."" walking. 

spacyowac "'^ (typ.) to lead (out). 

Bpaczyc sif ^T^o drzewiej to warp. 

spad ^ declivity, descent, fall. 
•-ac "^'f to fall, fall down; fna 
kogo to spadku) falL- to by suc- 
cession, devolve upon a person; 
Co cenie i papierach wartosciowychj 
to recede, decline; sink, -.a ze 
«i*, his strength begins to fail; 
jak z nieha -vdt, dumb-founded, 
•-ajacy ^ gwiazda -vajaca, shoot- 
ing-star, •ek "J fall^ descent; 
declivity, descent: (miarowy) ca- 
dence; inheritance, •-kobierca'^ 
heir, •kobierczy f heir's, -^ko- 
dawca ™ testator, ^^kowy f 
hereditary, inherited; prawo -rko- 
we, right of inheritance, heridi- 
tary right. -». ochr On "^ parachute. 

spadzislitosc ^, steep ness,declivity. 
-vty ? slope, declivous, steep. 

Spaiac, vid. spoic. 

spalilenie ^ combustion, burning. 
•'Snizna *", smell of burning, burnt 
c?tneU. -,ic ^f to burn. •» - si§ '"V 
to be burnt down. -vistOSC ^, 
combustibleness. -isty " com- 
bustible. 

spamietac ''''? to keep in mind. 

spanille " sleeping; czas m,2L, bed- 
time, [to lord it. 

Spanoszyc si§ ""V to become rich ; 

sparalizoliwac ""f to lame, para- 
lyse, •.wanie ^ lameness, para- 
lysis, •-wany " palsied, paralytic. 

sparodyowac ^" to parody. 

sparszywiec ^? to be infected 
with itch. 

BparzlieUzna ^, burn, -^ony ^ «fe ^ 
burnt, •.yc *"? to scald, parboil; 



fo pokrzywiej sting. 
to scald oneself. 



sif 



spailsac, *sc ^? fiake) to graze. 
*- *» sif '"X to grow fat. 

Spasc, vid. spadac. 

spasiliony, --iy ^ corpulent, 
obese; fattened, -^iosc*", corpu- 

spat, vid. szpat. [lence. 

spazmllatyczny ^ spasmodic, con- 
vulsive, '^y pi., spasms j>l., con- 
vulsions pi. 

specyalil "^ dainty bit, tit- bit. 
-lista ™ specialist. *.liivic ^, 
particularity; speciality. •'Iny" 
special, particular. 

specjrfiilczny " specific, -.kacya ^, 
specification, statement, [agent. 

spedytcr ™ forwarder, forwarding 

spfdzllac, -"ic """ to drive ofif; 
drive together ; ^cza^^ spend, pass 
away; fkoniaj override; (plod) 
cause abortion. <« m, ^uine na kogo, 
to lay the blame upon a person. 

spektator "^ looker-on, spectator. 

spekulliacya ^, speculation, enter- 
prise, •.acyjny " speculative. 
••ant '^ speculator. '*.owac ""V" 
to speculate. 

spelnila "? entirely, totally, quite, 
•-iac, -^ic^^ to fulfil, accomplish; 
fkieiichy J emi)t J. -.* czyje zdrowie^ 
to drink a person's health. •.-. 
si§ ^r to be accomplished. - -v 
sivdj ohoioiczek, to do one's duty, 
•-ianie, wienie ^ fulfilment, ac- 
complishment. 

spelznac ^" to fade, lose "olour; 
disappear. - na niczem, to come 
to nothing, fail. [sp"ncer. 

spencer" --ka^, short over-jtcket, 

spftac ^f to shackle, fetter. 

spiac ^f to buckle on, to clasp. 
m, (konia) ostrogami, to set spurs 
to, spur (a horse). 

spiac'ly " sleepy, ••zka ^, somno- 

■ lency, lethargy, 

Spic, vid. spijac. 

spicnillerz, -^rz '^ granary. 

spiczastiio ? pointedly, -osc ^, 
pointedness. •-y^ pointed, .sharp. 

spiellc "^f to burn, scorch, mj 
raka to blush, colour up to the 
18* 



278 



spieo sig 



eyes, -^c si^^ to parch, scorch, 
•CZOny, •kiy ^ parched, burnt. 
•-ka, -kota ^, burning heat. 
<«.kota siojiecznaj blazing sun. 
•-klosc^, aridity. 

gpieg etc., ^^<^' s^pi^g ^tc. 

spieniyc ^" to make foamy. t>»t 
si§ , to foam, -^ony ? foamy. 

spienifillad, «^y6 '^f to convert 
into ready money. 

spierad 8i§ ^f to dispute, quarrel. 

Bpieszl!nie,'viiO'^'? hurriedly, hasti- 
ly, -^no^c ^, speedineos, hurried- 
ness; urgency, ^ny f hasty, 
hurried ; urgent, •-y c , to hurry, 
run; Cza Mm J hasten after, run 
after. -. -»» si§ '"f to make haste. 

ipiftrzac si§ ^T to culminate. 

spiew "^ singing ; song ; (koicielny) 
hymen, -.ac^"? to sing. ^acM" 
koto •^ackie, singing club, glee- 
club, •'aczka ^, female singer; 
cantatrice. *»ak ^ singer; poet. 
-vka^, song, -^.nik^ psalm-book, 
book of hymns. -^nosc^» sono- 
rousness, melodiousness, ^-ny ^ 
sonorous, melodius. 

Bpijac ^f to sip off, drink off; 
(kielichy)evtipij. ^ sif ^f to get 
drunk, to sot. 

spiknarda^, spikenard. 

spiknilac sif ^f to plot, conspire, 
•wienie sif " plotting, conspiracy. 

spikulec, spilka, vid. szpikulec, 
nzpilka. 

Spilsnic *'f to felt; ^ty*o*y/ en- 
tangle. -^ Bif ^r to felt; fowto- 
sachj to get entangled. 

Bpilowac ^f to file off 

spinliac, vid. »piq,6. -^ka \ clasp ; 
(u koszulij stud. 

spioch '^ sleeper, bed-presser. 

spiralnlla ^, spiral line. -*y ^spiral. 

spirytilllB ^ alcohol, spirit. akUSO- 
wy ^ alcoholic, -^ysta " spiri- 
tist, medium. 

Bpis ^ list, catalogue, roll. 

spisa^, lance, pike. 

spisllac, -vywac ^? to write down; 



splyw 

to register; compose, set down 

in writing; nie >^^ 8i§, to put 

one's foot in it, commit oneself. 

'^'Sk' "^ plot , conspiracy, ^ko- 

WIQC, -vkowy ^ conspirator. 

•-kowy ?■ plotting, conspiring. 
spiii ^ brass, bronze; -vepJ , (fig.) 

gunsjj/., cannon, -vowy?" brazen, 
spiiarnljia Uarder,pantry. -^iany, 

*.y f larder . . . ^ik "^ larderer. 
sptactiac, -^ic ^? to discharge, 

pay off. 

spiakac sig "'^f to shed tears. 
spiamic ""f to soil , dirty ; ffig.) 

blamish. ^ sie ""f to pollute one- 
self. 
splaszczllac, *;yc^f toflat, flatten; 

planish, -wony " flat, flattened; 

no8 -*.:i;^6nub-nose. 
sptata^, payment (in full). 
splatac "^f to twist together; 

(wiosy) to plait. [one a trick. 
Bplatac ""*? -*< komu figla, to play 
splatac ""^^ to entangle, 
spiaw ™ river -traffic; floating. 

-vie, -^-iac ^" (koniej to water; 

(drzeiDoJ float; fkruszecj part. 

^ne ^ passage-money, waterage. 

'^'iiosc /, navigableness. *.ny ? 
splesc, vid. frplata6. [navigable. 
splesniOatosc ^, mouldiness, mus- 

tiness. -^a^y ? mouldy, musty, 

*-ec '"V' to get mouldy, get musty, 
splin ^ spleen, melancholy. 
spiodzllenie "J generation, -vie ^? 

to engender, generate, produce, 
spldkac "f to wash away, rinse. 
spi:ouac ^^ to be consumed by 

flamet [away. 

sptoszyc'^f to scare away, frighten 
splot '^ braid, twist. 
spiowialllosc ^, discoloration. 

-»iy f discoloured, faded- 
splngawic ^? to dirty, soil. 
8plu,iinac, -»wac^f? to spit, spawl. 

^-waczka^, spittoon, 
spiyilnac, .^wac ^V' to flow down ; 

fna kogo w spadkuj fall to; ^o 

czasiej pass, elapse. «vW "? con« 

flux« confluence. 



spoci6 sig 

Bpocllic sif ""V to perspire. -%o- 
ny " being in perspiration. 

spoczllac, <^ywac ^V to rest, re- 
pose. *ynek '^ rest, repose; 
udac sip na •. -•., to go to bed. 

6p6d ^ bottom; inferior part, 
lower part; under-carriage, truck; 
spodem, below; u spodu, at foot, 
at bottom • [iankpj saucer. 

spodek "!; lower part; (pod fili- 

spodlllic "^^ to abase, humble, 
-^enie "J abasement, abjection. 

spodni" nettier, under... m>epl., 
pontaloon, trousers pi. 

sp6dni||ca ^, petticoat. *k "J 
(under-)petticoat. 

spodobac si§ "^f to please. 

spogladac ^" fna kogoj to look 
at. ^ w gorp, to look up ; krzywo 
sie - na kogo, to look askew. 

spodziewallc sie ^r to hope, to 
prepare oneself^ be ready; CkogoJ 
wait for, look forward to. -N-nie, 
•-nie sie " expectation, hoping. 



spoic 



fkogoj to intoxicate, 



make drunk 
Bpollic, spajac ^? to join, solder, 

unite, -'jenie ^ union, junction. 

•"jnia*", tie, bond; attraction. 
8p6j||nik "7 (gram.) conjunction. 

*nosc, spoistosc \ coherence, 

junction; cohesion, -.ny ^ co- 
herent. 
Bpojrzellc """ (na) to cast a glance 

at. •-c do gory, to look up. *.c 

na dol, to look down, ••c do 

kola, to look round, --nie ^ look, 

glance. 
Spok6j '^ tranquillity, quiet, 
spokojilnosc ♦", tranquillity, quiet; 

(umystu) composure, calmness. 

--ny " tranquil, quiet, peaceful; 

composed, 
spokrewniilac sif , --c si§ ^T to 

become related by marriage. 

««'enie^ afiinity. *,ony *f related 

(by marriage). 
8p6t||blizni '^ fellow -creature. 

•'brat " fellow, comrade. 



spoluczestnictwo 277 

sp6ti;cze8nik , ••czesny '^ con- 
temporary, -^czesnosc *", simul- 
taneousness; syuchronism. m, 
czesny " contemporary, Jiimul- 
taneous. -.czuc '^? to sympa- 
thise, commiserate. -*czucie 7 
sympathy, -dzialac^*,'^ to coope- 
rate, -.dziedzic "I coheir, (jur.) 
coparcener; joint-proprietor. «» 
dziedziczka *, coheiress. 

spoteczilenstwo^ society, •.nose*', 
community; society, ^ny " so- 
cial; common. [pany. 

spolem "? in common, in com- 

spoiilgtoska *", consonant, m- 
stniejacy " coexistent. 

spoiklla *", association, partnership; 
company; reguta -.i, rule of 
partnership. *.owac '^V' fz 'kim) 
to maintain relations with; (^ 
kohieta) to copulate, ••owanie " 
intercourse; copulation. 

sp61nllictwo 'I participation, com- 
munity, •-iczka *", female com- 
panion, consort, •-ik '" (domu 
handiowego ) co\\\\iQ.u\on\ comrade; 
copartner, partner, •-osc ^, com- 
munity, common pos.session. *.-* 
majatku, joint property, commu- 
nity of goods. *y f common. 

sp6t||obwiniony f^ <£ f coaccused, 
codefendant. *obywateI " fel- 
low-citizen, -.pracownictwo " 
collaboration, -pracownik ",' col- 
laborator, •-rodaczka*^ country- 
woman, •-rodak ",' countryman. 
-'rzadca'T coregent. -.rzednosc ^ 
coordination, -.rzedny " coordi- 
nate. •"SXUga '^ companion in 
service. *.srodkowy" concentric. 

spolszczi'ec ^^ to be polonised. 
-yc ^" to polonise. 

sp6iilstotownik "J fellow-boarder, 
messmate, -.towarzysz "^ collea- 
gue, associate. *ubiegacsie^rto 
emulate, to vie, compete. *.ubie- 
ganie sie " emulation, compe- 
tition. *iiczen ^ school-fellow, 
condisciple. *uczestnict"wo • 



278 spoluczesfniczyc 

participation. <^uczestniczyc ^? 
to participate, take part. *,"u.- 
dzial ^ participation ; interest, 
sympathy, ••.urzediiik'^ colleague, 
associate (.in ofTiccj. -wiezieii "i 
fellow-prisouer. -»- winny"" •?• par- 
ticipating in guilt, -.winowajca'^ 
accomplice, accessory. -^wia- 
sciciel ",' <* •'ka ^, copartner, joint 
proprietor. 

spoillwyznawca "? fellow-believer, 
couifessor of the same faith, 
-zalotnica *", ^'Zalotriik "^ rival. 
-'Zawodiiictwo " contention, 
emulation, competition. -^-za- 
wodnik "^ competitor, emulator, 
•vziomek "^ fellow-countryman, 
compatriot. 

spondeilusz, ~i '^ spondee. 

sponiewierac ^^ (coj to be re- 
gardless of, use spoiling,- (kogoj 
ill-treat. 

spopielic ^f to reduce to ashes, 
incinerate. 

spopnlaryzowac^f to popularize. 

Sp6r ",' quarrel, dispute, wrangle. 

sporadyczny " sporadical. 

sporiinosc *", questionableness; con- 
tentiousness, quarrelsome dispo- 
sition. «<ny ? quarrelsome; 
doubtful, disputable,questionable. 
punkt *.*«, matter in question, 
moot point. 

BporllO *^^ abundantly, copiously ; 
briskly, quick, •.y ^ pretiy large, 
considerable;abundant,plauteous. 

sporek ^ (hot.) spurrey. [man's. 

gport '^ sport, 'vmanski ^ sport- 

sporysz ",' (hot. J spurred-rye. 

sporzadzilac, '•'ic '^'^ to execute, 
perform, bring about; repair, 
mend; (testament etc.) draw up. 
•'enie ^ execution, performance. 

sporzyc "?? to increase, augment; 
bless. *- si§ ^r to succeed, 
prosper. 

spos!i6b "^ kind, manner; means^??.; 
nie ^*., it is impossible; tym 
•-Obem, in this way; zadnym 
•'Obem, by no means; nU ma 



^^ to perceive, 
^gacz "^ ob- 



spozierafi 

fhylo) •-o'bu, it is (was) impos- 
sible; *.6b do zyciay livelihood, 
living ; *. >*> mowienia, manner of 
expressing oneself, phrase. *o- 
bic ^^ to prepare, dispose. -» ^ 
si§ '"V (doj to prepare oneself 
for, get oneself ready for. •-ob- 
nosc ^, occasion; ability, fitness ; 
przy <*.obllosci , occasionally. 
-^-obny ?• qualified, able; fit, 
proper. 

spospolillcialy ? hackneyed, com- 
monplace, 'vciec ^^ *'towac 
si§ "^r to become commonplace. 

spostrzelldz, -^^gac 
become aware of. 
server. *.ganie, '^zeme V per- 
ception, observation, -^^gawczy? 
dar ^*., talent of observation, 

spotllkac, -^ykac *^^ ^-« si§ '^ 
to meet, ^kanie " meeting; 
battle, fight, -^.-vsie" meeting; 
isc na czyje ^v*., to''go to meet 
a person. 

spotnillaty f sweaty; (o szklej 
tarnished, ^ec ^? (o szklej to 
tarnish; sweat. [spend. 

spotrzebowa6^^ to consume, use, 

spotwarzllac, --yc ^f to slander, 
calumniate. -^anie, -^enie ^ 
calumniation, calumny. 

spoufalllac '*'ic ^? to make inti- 
mate, familiarise. 

spowazniec '^V' to assume an air 
of gravity. 

spowllladac ""^ to confess, shrive. 
'*"*' si§ ^f to confess ^(oneself), 
-^ednik ^ (father) confessor, 
"^edz^, confession; isc do •-edzi, 
to confess (oneself); sluchac <^edzi, 
to confess. 

spowinowacllic sie, --iec, vid, 

spokrewnic sie. 

spowodowac ^^ to cause, oc- 
casion, induce. 

spowszellchniec, *'dniec ^? to be- 
come commonplace. 

spozierac ^V" (na kogoJ to look 
at; look upon, glance at. 



sp64ma5 

8p6zni||aC) ••c '"f to make late, 
retard, •-ac sif, ••c sif ^'* to 
be late, be behind time, v^enie 
Bi§ ^ coming too late, lateness. 
••ony " belated, late. 

spozyllCj •'Wac ^" to consume, 
eat. -.c oliad, to dine; m.c snia- 
danie, to breakfast, •rcie, -wa- 
rned consumption, -^tkowac^? 
to exploit, -^tkowanie "J ex- 
ploitation, -^wczy f consump- 
tive; apdlka •wcza, cooperative 
stores. 

Sprac ^^ to wash out; (jig.) to 
beat black and blue. 

spracowallc 8i§ ^r to overwork 
oneself, •.ny ^ fatigued, over- 
worked. 

spragniony " thirsty, [(guests). 

spraszac '"'^ to invite many 

Bprawlla^, affair; process, action, 
cause ; (polityczna etc.) question ; 
act, deed; account, report; za 
mojq. ^a, at my request; zdac •.§, 
to give an account. •rca "^ 
••Czyni*", author, contriver. 

»prawdz!|ac, -ic ^f to confirm, 
i'erify. */ •» sig '^f to come true, 
J ; cove true, ^anie, -^enie " 
"■^rificatioa. 

sprawiJIac, -vc ""f to effect,^ bring 
about; dispose, arrange; (aohie 
CO J procure, buy; (ryh^J draw 
(a fish); (przyjemnoic etc.) pro- 
cure, m.*, sif ^r (^ czegoj to 
give an account of; behave, con- 
duct oneself. 

sprawiedliliwosc *", justice; equity; 
minister ^-wosci, Minister of 
Justice, Cw AngliiJ Lord Chancel- 
lor; wymierzyc m,^, to do justice. 
'*'Wy ^ just; righteous. 

iprawllka *", (inconsiderable) affair; 
trick, turn, piece of folly. <^n0SC ^, 
cleverness, aptitude, -ny " able, 
skilful, clever. 

sprawowallc ■"? to do , perform ; 
(urzadj hold, •-c 8i§ ^f to be- 
have, demean oneself; He -v-^ 



sprzatna6 279 

aifj to misdemean. ••nie ^ do- 
ing, performance, management. 
*"* sif ^ conduct, behaviour, 
demeanour; zte -v^ si^, miscon- 
duct. 

8prawozda!!nie " report, relation. 
'*'WCa ^ reporter, -vwczy ^ re- 
porting, [chase. 

sprawunek ^7 commission, pur- 

spr^zyllk '^ leaping-beetle. *na*i 
spring. '•'SCie "? elastically; 
energetically. -vstOSC *", elasticity; 
fiig.J energy. *.sty ^ elastic; 
Ciig.) energetic. 

sprobowac ^^ to try; taste. 

sproclinillatosc *", putridness. *.a- 
iy « foul, putrid, -wee "^ to 
become rotten. 

sprosic, vid. spraszac. 

sprollsnie "? obscenely, ^snik ™ 
filthy fellow, -wsnosc ^, filthiness, 
obscenity; foul jest. -wsny ? 
obscene, filthy, nasty. 

sprostallc ^ to ife upon the level, 
rival a person, -wczec ^? to be- 
come rude or uncivilised. -»czyc^? 
to make uncivilised. 

sprostollwac ^? to straighten; 
(fig. J set right, correct. -wwaHie ^ 
straightening ; (fig. J rectification, 
correction. [powder. 

sproszkowac ""? to pulverise, 

sprowalldzac, •'dzic ■"" to lead 
down ;. bring about, bring to pass ; 
(towary) obtain, receive ; (na hogo 
coj draw down on a person ; 
*-.»» z dobrej drogi, to lead the 
wrong way, lead astray. 

sprycha, vid. szprycha. 

spryt '^ "wit. ^-nosc ^, wittiness, 
acuteness. i^ny " witty, ingenious, 
acute. 

spryskac ^f to sprinkle over., 
(htotemj to splash. 

sprzaczka *", buckle, clasp. 

sprzalidz ^? to couple, yoke to- 
gether, join in a yoke, -g " yoke. 

'wgac vid. sprzadz. 
sprzatllac, -nac ^? to remove, 

clear away; fz'polaj to harvest; 



280 sprz^tanie 

(z6 atoiuj to clear the table; CfigJ 
kill, •.anie ^ clearing away^ re- 
moving. • 

sprzazka, vid. sprzaczha. 

sprzecillwic sif , -'Wiac si§ '"V to 
object-, oppose; tease, banter; 
contradict, -wiajacy si§ " con- 
tradictory. *. wienie sif ^ objec- 
tion, opposition, 

sprzeczliac si§ ^r to quarrel, dis- 
pute, •-ka ^, quarrel, dispute. 
•"liwOBC ^i quarrelsome disposi- 
tion , contentiousness, •-liwy, 
••ny ^ contradictory; conten- 
tious, quarrelsome, •-nose *i 
contentiousness ; contradiction. 

sprzedallc, -»wac '^f to sell, -.z *", 
sale, selling, ^-z czastkowa, retail. 

sprz§l|gac, vid. sprzqdz, •zaj "; 
set, team; yoke. 

sprzeniewierzyc sig T to break 
one's faith. [crop. 

sprzi^t "^ tool, utensile; harvest, 

sprzyjallc ^^ to favour, be propi- 
tious; wish a person well; nie 
/wC, to be averse to. --jacy ? 
favourable; advantageous. *nie^ 
favour, benevolence. 

sprzykrzyilc ^" --c soUt co, to 
be disgusted at. •-c si§ '^T to 
disgust, -.lo ^u sie zycie, he be- 
came disgusted with life. 

sprzymierzllac si§ --yc sif '"T to 
enter into a league with. ~eniec ^^ 
leaguer, ally, confederate, -.onyf 
allied, leagued. 

sprzysilladz sie, -egac sig '"V to 
plot, form a conspiracy; {fig. J 
conspire, '^qgiy, -e^ony "^ con- 
spirator, -.fzenie f conspiracy, 
plot. -Ȥzony " conspiring, con- 
spirant. 

spuchlliosc ^1 swelling. -,}yf swol- 
len, -.nac ^? to swell, swell up. 

SpudtowaC ^? fmyslj to miss. 

spullscic, *8zczac^^? to let down, 
lower; (zagUJ lower, strike; 
(kurekj yxncook] fstaw J draiiz (a 
pond); (drzewo) fell let loose, 



srodki 

unchain; (wlosyj cut; (z ceny) 
abate. «>«» oczy, to cast down 
one's eyes; ffigj ^m. z tonu, to 
lower a peg, to take down a peg. 
'*"*' sif ^r ^wa kogoj to rely on 
a person; let down, descend, 
-^scizna ^, inheritance, succession. , 

Spust "^ flowing off; (stawuj draw- 
ing off; fzbozaj floating down; 
(krataj portcullis, -riiica^, con- 
-^uit-pipe. -.ny f flowing off. 
^na krata, portcullis. 

spustoszllaiosc *i wilderness, de- 
sertedness. -valy" deserted, wild, 
•-enie "I devastation. *,yc "^f 
to devastate, lay waste. 

spustowy f conduit ... 

spuszczanie T (stanm) drawing 
off; (okr^tuj launching. 

spychac, vid. zepchnac. 

spylic^'^f to pulverise, powder. 

spytac, vid. pytac. 

sraUc , fvulg.j to ease one's 
bowels, ease oneself, -wczka ^, 
(vulg.J diarrhoea 

srebrllnik "i; silver-groshen ; (hot.) 
silver-weed, -.ny" silver, made 
of silver ; silvery, silver-coloured. 
•.0 ^ silver; fstolowej plate, set 
of plate; zywe «»o , quicksilver. 
-vO w arkuazach, leafsilver. -»o 
7ualar5fcie, silver-powder. *wzyc*^f 
to silver, plate. ~*. sif , to 
send forth the brightness of silver, 
•►zysty " silvery, silver-coloured. 

sredni ^ middle; moderate, of 
middle rate or quality. <wca ^, 
diameter. *.k '^ semicolon. -*.o "-? 
indifferently, -vosc*", mediocrity. 
~owieczny'? mediaeval. «»6wka *» 
caesura, 

sroczilka ^, small magpie; (lot.) 
larkspur. *<y ^ of magpie. 

sr6d ^'^, amidst, in the midst of. 

Sroda*", Wednesday. 

srodliek "^ medium ; midst, centre ; 
expedient, means pi. ^-kiem, 
in the middle. *.ek leczniczy^ re- 
medy, medicament. *.ki ostroz^ 
noicit precautionary measures. 



lrodkowa6 

•'kowac "^^ to observe the due 
medium, ^^kowy ? middle, me- 
dian, central; punJct *.-»», ceutre. 

sr6dposcie 7 Mid-Lend. 

srodowy " of Wednesday. 

srodziemny ^ Mediteranean. 

srodze ^^ terribly, frightfully; 
much. 

Sroglli f severe, rigid, strong; 
frightful, terrible ; cruel. -*.o '^f 
severely; frightfully; cruelly. 
•-OSC^, severity; cruelty. 

sroka^. Corn. J magpie. -'Cizna^, 
piedness. *.cz "^ piebald horse. 
-^ty ^ piebald, spotted, dapple. 

Srom ^ shame, ^ota ^, infamy, 
disgrace, -^otnosc ^, infamousness, 
baseness, ^^otny f shameful, in- 
famous, ignominious. 

iron, vid. szron. 

Bv6t "^ (do strzdania) small shot, 
hail-shot; coarse meal, groats ;?Z. 
.V drobny lub ptasi, small shot; 
(fig J na •< puicic fcnotpj, to ex- 
pose, •.nica^, shot-pouch, •-o- 
wac ^?' to bruise ; cut into pieces ; 
(zboze) to rough-grind. -.6wka \ 
gun for small shot. M)wnia ^, 
kibbling-mill. •-owy ?^ shot ...; 
(o mace) coarse. 

firozyc si§ "^f to rage, fume. 

Bmblla, -^-ka ^, screw; (fig.) lye 
jak na •-ach, to be in hot water. 
«*czyk "^ screw-driver, •■owac^?' 
to screw. -vowiec "^ screw- 
steamer, screw-propeller, -•^owy?^ 
screw . . . *.owa linia, (mat.) helix, 
-.sztak "7 vice. 

Bsallc ^f' to suck, •nie "I suction, 
sucking. 

SSaclly " mammalian ; zwierzp *<e, 
mammifer, mammal ; zwierz^ta 
<ve,^ mammalia. 

Stac ^?^ to stand; lodge, be lodg- 
ing; Cprzy czemj to persist in; 
(fig. przy kirn) to side with a 
person; (za co) to stand for, 
supply; (o co) to care about; 
(o zegarze) to stand still; /o rz^ccj 



stanie 



281 



to be frozen over. •» mnit na to, 
I can afford it; nie staje mnie 
czego, I am in want of, I am short 
of; stoj! stop! ^ si§ "^r to be- 
come, turn ; happen ; co sip z nim 
stato? what has become of him? 
jak sif staio, ze ..., how was it 
that ... 

stacya ^, stopping -place; post- 
stage; (kolejowa) terminus, sta- 
tion. *. lecznicza, health resort, 

Staczac, vid. stoczyc. 

stad "? hence, from hence. « ° 
tlierefore. 

stadliko 7 small bevy. -,io 7 
couple. •.nik'^/^zoJbuU. •.nina^, 
stud, breed of horses, ^ny ^ 
gregarious, •-o 7 fptakow) bevy ; 
herd, flock, troop, •-ami, in 
troops. 

stagiew, •ka*', water-tub. 

stagnacya *", stopping, stagnation. 

stajallc ^? to thaw (up), -.iy « 
molten. 

staje "J (miara dlugoici) stadium. 

stajilenne 7 stall-money, -.enny? 
stall...; chtopiec m,^^ horse-boy. 
~enny "7 groom , horse - boy. 
-nia^, stable. 

Stal ^, steel ; (fig.) sword , dagger 
etc. •-ic''^^ steel, harden. *.isty'? 
chalybeate, •-ka, --owka *", steel- 
pen, -i-oryt "7 steel-engraving. 
••owy ^ steely, made of steel; 
steel-coloured. 

stalaktyt "7 stalactite. 

stallle "^? statedly; firmly, stead- 
fastly, -.lose*", constancy, steadi- 
ness; stability; f'«? wl^^osc^^ faith- 
fulness, -.ly" constant, steady; 
unchangeable, unalterable; ^me- 
plynny) consistent ; faithful ; 
(o ceniej fixed, lad <« *., continent. 

Stambuika ^, Turkish tobacco- 

stamtad ^^r from thence, thence. 
Stan '" "state, condition ; profession ; 

rank, class; (kihic) waist, shape. 

**'jpl., the states; lye w *ie, to 



282 



staDa6 



be able. •. rycerski, knighthood, 
body of noblemen ; nie'byc w ••ie, 
to be unal^e/ 

8talln%^, -^wac ^? to stop, stand 
still, halt'; fto czytaniu etcj to 
stop, leave off; arrive, come; end, 
terminate, finish; fo rzecej to be 
frozen over; appear; fo budyn- 
JcachJ to be erected. »»<^ na czele, 
to, be put at the head, be at the 
head; izy mu •n^ty tw 04{zach, 
tears stood in his eyes, ^wwac 
8i§, vid. stac ai^. 

stancya ^, lodging; room, chamber. 

etangret "^ coachman, driver. 

stanie " standing. «. si§ ^ be- 
coming. 

staniec ^? to cheapen. 

stanik "^ bodice. 

stannica*", halting-place, station. 

StanowllCZO «•? defmttlirely, deci- 
dedly. •'CZOSC^ resolution, de- 
cisiveness, -vczy ? resolute, de- 
termined, decisive. ~ic """V" to 
fix, determine; institute; (urz^dni- 
kdvo etc.) to appoint, nominate; 
fprawaj give; fklaczj cover, horse; 
Co ezemj decide ; to nic nie stano- 
wif no matter, wienie ^ institu- 
tion, '"isko « stand, station, 
post ; lodging, quarters pi. ; posi- 
tion, situation; fmydUJ stand; 
point of view. 

stany, vid. stan. 

stapllac, -ic ^? to step, stride; 
tread, wienie 7 pace, pacing. 
•»0r, vid. stepor. 

Btarallc 819 , to endeavour; take 
pains; (0"^ coj to apply (for) j^ fo 
rfkp panny) to court, woo; fo 
urzadj to sue for. ^'iiie "J endea- 
voiur, psiins pi. y trouble. -i» -* 8i§ 'J 
fo urz^d etcJ suing for; fo pannpj 
love -suit, courting; miec »»'» fo 
czemj to take pains for ... 
<«.iinosc *i carefulness, diligence, 
•-nny " careful, diligent. 

Btarcie ^ rup, wiping off; fna 
proch) trituration, m, sie ^ col- 
lision, encounter. 



gtarzyzna 

Starczyc ^"? fcze-goj to supply^ 
furnish with; suffice, be sufficient. 

StargallC*'? to rend, break; (iig.} 
exhaust, waste, •-ny " effete, 
exhausted. 

starka', old female; old brandy, 

Statlem, imperf. od zetrzec. 

starodawllnosc ^, ancientness, an- 
tiquity, -.ny "? ancient, antique. 

starollmodny " old - fashioned. 

.-'Polski?^ old Polish, ancient 
Polish; po •-polsku, after the 
old Polish manners and customs. 
i*SC ^» old age ; czeratwa m, •., green 
old age. 

staroljscina ^, the wife of a starost. 
-ista ^t starost, captain of a dis- 
trict, •-stwo 1 the office of a 
starost (in Poland). 

starollswiecki " old-fashioned, 
old-time, ^swiecczyzna ^, old- 
custom, old practise, old jog-trot, 
•-swieckosc ^, old-fashionedness. 
-wierca ™ orthodox, -rwina ™ 
good old man, old boy. -za- 
konny ^ founded on the old 
testament. •»•» ^ Jew. 

staroiytnllosc ^, antiquity, an- 
cientness ; fiwiat atarozytnyj anti- 
quity.- «.osci pl-f antiquities j?l., 
archaeology, -y 7 antique. '^ipU, 
the ancients. 

starszlla ^, directress, mistress, 
••enstwo, seniority; birth-right, 
priority, -^y folder; elder, •►y™ 
superior. «yzna ^, chief men, 
superiors pi. 

starty " <fe ^ wiped off, fz kurzuj 
dusted; crushed, 

stamllclia ^, fpogardUwieJ old wo- 
man, •.chny, -^sienki f very 
old. *.8zek " (good) old man. 
•^azka^, (good) old woman. 

starlla ^, old woman. m,y f old. 
m. "^ old man; fvulgj father; 
cunning fellow. 

Starzllec '^ an old man, a gray- 
head, -ec 8i§ '"V to grow old, 
to age. -yzna ^ old clothes, 
frippery. 



stateczno§6 

atateczllnosc ^, steadiness, gravity, 
composedness. •-ny ? steady; 
sedate, staid, composed. 

Statek "J vessel; (kuchennyj furni- 
ture, utensil ; frzemieslniczyj tool ; 
vessel, craft; steadiness, gravity. 
m, kupiecki, merchant-man. m, 
paroivy, steam-ltoat, steamer, -v 
wojenny, man-of-war, ship of war. 

statkowac '^^ to balance ; behave 
well. 

statulla ^, statue, •-etka *", statuette. 

statut '^ statute, by-law. 

statyka ^, statics pi. 

statysta "i (te.J mute person; 
statesman. ' 

statystyllczny f statistical. *.k *; 
statist, statistician, •-ka \ sta- 
tistics pi 

statjrwa^, foot, basis. 

Staw '^ pond; (anat.) joint, arti- 
culation, -.owaty ^ jointed, ar- 
ticulate, -^-owy " articular. 

Stawllac, vid. stanac. •.iac ^^ »' 
pierwszt kroki czyje, to guide or 
lead a person, -.iac, -^-ic '"f set, 
put ; (budyntk etc. J to build, erect ; 
(swiadkaj to bring forward; 
(aidta) to set ; (pijawkij to apply. 
m,m» na kartp, to back a card. 
m, >» czoio komUf to make head 



stgzy6 



283 



against one. 



81^ 



to ap- 



pear ; prove, (imialo etc.) to face, 
-^idio "J water-gate, flood-board. 
•ienie si§ " fprzed sademj ap- 
pearance. *-ka *i (v) grzej pool, 
stake. •'OWaty, •'OWy, vid.staw ... 

Btearynlla ^, stearine. -^owy ?' 
hvieca •-owa, composite, candle. 

stebn-'owac^" to stitch, to quilt. 
"^bwka, quilting-stitch. 

stechlllizna *", ill smell from fusti- 
ness. *.losc*", mustiness, moul- 
diness, fustiness. -^iy ^ musty, 
fusty, -.nac ^',* to smell musty, 
grow musty. 

Stecka, vid. iciezka. [fluence. 

Btek ™ scum and dregs; con- 

Bt§k ™ groan, •-ac ^ to moan, 
groan, -.anie ^ groaning, moan- 



ing, groans pi. ••nad ^? to utter 
a (deep) groan. *" [wright. 

Stelmach "I wheel -wright, cart- 

Stempllel " stamp; stamped pa- 
per; adhesive stamp ; fdo strzelly) 
ramrod, rammer ; prop (for build- 
ings), -.lowac ^? to stamp. 
*'lowy " stamped. 

steuograf "IJ stenografer. -ia ^, 
stenography, shorthand, -viczny? 
stenographical. 

step '^ steppe, desert. 

stfp '^ amble, ambling pace, 
•-ak "^ ambler, ambling horse. 

St§pa \ stamping-trough ; fuUing- 
machine. 

Stepel etc., vid. stempel etc. 

St|pil!aty ? bluntish. ^c '"'^ to 
blunt, -c sie ^ -ec ^? to get 
blunted, •.enie " blunting. 

st§pl|ka^, small stamping- trough; 
keel. *or '" stamper, rammer; 
fu pumpyj piston , sucker. •.Q- 
wac ^" to hot-press. 

stepowy f desert ... 

Ster ",' helm, rudder; ('fig. J -*. rzadu^ 
helm of the state, government. 

steralic ^"f to squander, waste. 
*.ny " consumed. 

sterczllec, -^yc ""? to stand out, 
to be prominent, -.enie "J pro- 
jecting, prominence. 

stereometrylla ^, stereometry, 
-^czny *^ stereometrical. 

stereoliskop "^ stereoscop. *typ "5 
stereotype. *typia *", stereotype 
printing, stereotypy. *typowyf 
stereotypical 

sterllnictwo 'J pilotage, -niczy ? 
helmsman's, •.nik™ pilot, helms- 
' to steer. 



.owac 



•-dwka *i tail-feather, -^-owy ** 

of the helm, 
sterta ^, rick, stack, 
stesknillc sif ^ (za) to languish 

or long for. «.ony 't earnestly 

desirous, intensely longing, 
stezilaty f stifif, numb. *ec ^ 



to stiffen, to get numbed, 
to '.^ako stifl', to stiffen. 



.yc 



284 



stjuk 



stjuk ^ plaster of Paris. 

stMiaczac, -^oczyc ^? to compress, 
tread to pieces. 

Sttullc ^? to smash to pieces, 
break, dash, ^.c si§ "^f to be 
dashed , be smashed (to pieces). 
-i'CZenie "J dash, breaking; con- 
tusion. ••CZOliy ^ cfc ?■ smashed 
to pieces; (fig.) by6 jak •.*m to 
be broken ofl', to fail to the ground. 

sttumillac , -^c ^^ to suppress; 
damp, deaderii. -*.ony^ & ? dam- 
ped, deadened. 

Sto, num., hundred; pi^6 od sta, 
five per cent. 

stochmal T mill-dust. 

Stoczliek ^ wax-stand, wax-candle; 
barber's block, •.ki pi., (resztki 
piwa etc.) remnant , sediment, 
•.yc ^" to roll down ; (wino etc.) 
to tap, draw off; (o rohakachj 
gnaw, corrode; (hitw^) fight. <»<« 
sie '^r to be rolled down. 

Sto'doia \ shed, barn, pent-house. 

Bt6g '^ rick, stack. 

stoj *, stop! 

etojallcy " standing; fo wodziej 
stagnant. *czka^, na *.czk§, w 
•'CzM, upright, erect. 

etoillcki, -vczny " stoical, stoic. 
-cyzm " stoicism, •.k "^ stoic. 

8t6ikl|a *", orderly, post. *owy "^ 
policeman, constable. 

Stok '^ cistern; glacis. 

Stokfisz i; cod-fish, stock-fish. 

stokrollc ^? centuply. •.tka ^, 
^fcof J daisy, -^-krotny ^ centuple, 
hundredfold. 

8t6t'^ table; dinner; board, board- 
ing; tic do statu, to sit down 
to dinner. «. i viieszkanie, board 
and lodgings. 

stolallrczyk "^ joiner's apprentice; 
journeyman joiner. -^rka^Joiner's 
wife; joiner's trade, -rski " 
joiner's, --rstwo 1 joiner's trade. 
«^rz ™ joiner, -^rz artyatyczny, 
cabinet-maker, ebonist, 

Btolllec" evacuation of the bowels, 



stosowny 

stool; close-stool, -•-ieczek *? 
small foot- stool. •.Jek ^ foot- 
stool, stool ; ('fig. J '»>'»> koiHu podsta- 
wic, to trip a person up. 

Stolellcie, -^tni, vid.stulecie,stuletni. 

stoilleczny " metropolitan ; miasto 
•-eczne, metropolis, capital. 

Stolilica ^, metropolis, capital; 
throne, ••iczek '^ tablet, small 
table. «*nica*", chopping-board. 
*nik '^ grand master of a king's 
household. 

stotollwac '"^ to feed, board. - m, 
sie ^r to board. «.wanie siq ^ 
boarding, -.wilik ^^ boarder, 
-wy " table . . . 

stonl|6g "' •'Oga ^, wood-louse, 
milleped(e), centiped. 

Stopa ^, foot; sole of the foot; 
foot -step, trace. *. mtnnicza, 
standard, m. procentowa, rate of 
the interest; od stop do glow, 
from head to heels, cap-a-pie; 
(fig.) zyc na wielka stopp, to live 
in great state. 

stopllic^^ to melt, dissolve, •.nia- 
ly V" molten, ••niec ^? to thaw 
up; melt, become liquid. 

Stopien"^ degree; step ; foot-board; 
rank, dignity; (gram.) •. naj- 
wyzszy , superlative. •. rdwny, 
positive. •» wyzszy, comparative. 

Stopniollwac ^V" to gradate ; com- 
pare, form the degree of com- 
parison, -wanie "! gradation; 
(gram.) comparison, •-wo "? by 
degrees, gradually. *wy?^ gra- 
dual. 

storczyk "^ (bot.) orchis, ragwort. 
'•'Owy ^ orchidaceous. fpyre. 

stOS "^ heap, pile; funeral pile, 

StOSOwIlac ^? to adapt, fit, ac- 
comodate. •. •. si§ ^r to comply 
with. «*.*. sie do czasu, to servo 
the time, -.any f applied. •. -» 
kapelusz, three-cornered hat. 
•nie *? »>»> do, according to. 
-"nose ^, suitableness, fitness, 
convenience. «»ny " convenient, 
suitable. 



stosunek 

StOBtmllek" proportion. -»kipl., 
relations pi. , connexion ; mie6 z 
kirn •.td, to be in connexion 
with; wejid w •.ki, to enter into 
connexion. -»kowo <*? propor- 
tionally, •.ko'wy f proportional. 

fltowarzyllszsnie "I association, 
union; society, -szacsif, -szyc 
sig^r to enter into an association. 

Stoiliek "^ small rick or stack; 
cone, •'kowaty " conical. 

itracllenie " losing; execution, 
beheading. •.ic ^^ to lose; 
squander, waste ; to put to death, 
execute. •ony-^<fef lost; put 
to death. 

jtracllenie "I throwing down, 
*ic^f to throw down; to strike 
off. «.« z tronUf to dethrone. 

Btracll " terror, affright, fright; 
bug-bear, fright; (gtupij az •,, 
excessively. « (pomyiUc) it is 
dreadful to . . . *ac si^ ^f to 
fear, have misgivings. 

straliczasty , --czysty ? full of 
pods; having pods; siliquose. 
-czek, --k '^ pod, shell, -.czyna ♦", 
hull, hiisk. -kowaty " silicu- 
lous. *kowy f siliquose. 

8txagal!n " shambles pi. -,rka ^, 
hucksteress. 

strapillenie "I sorrow, affliction, 
grief, -.ony ? sorrowful; d^iko 
'om,, heartbroken. 

Btrasziillwosc ^, horribleness ; 
formidableness, dreadfulness. m, 
wy " horrible; formidable. 

straszljno "? horribly; dreadfully, 
-•ny " ugly, deformed; terrible, 
horrible, -..yc ^" to frighten, 
terrify. •-ydiO " monster; bug- 
bear, scarecrow. 

Stratl!a^, loss, detriment; ponieic 
*^, to suffer a loss, -.nj f losing. 

strate&illa *", strategy, -czny ^ 
strategical. 

stratowac ^^ to trample down, 
throw down by riding over. 

Strawlla*", food, fare, nourishment. 



strona 



285 



'k'ic ^f to digest; consume, de- 
stroy; fczasj spend, pass, -.ne ^ 
money for travelling, viaticum. -« 
nosc^. digestion, digestibleness. 
•ny " digestible; miec • -* zolo' 
dek, to have a good stomach or 
digestion. 

straz^, guard, watch; watchmeni?!.; 
stac na *.y, to be on duty, be 
on guard, m. nocna, night-watch ; 
przednia •-, vanguard; tylna •, 
rear- guard. •ak ^ fireman. 
-^nica^, watch-tower; ffigj bul- 
wark; sentry-box. -niczy f 
watch; okrpt «*•., guard-ship, 
-nik ^i overseer. Purveyor, watch- 
man. «> m0 graniczny , customs 
oflQcer, 

strf czilarka, vid. ^ycieika. -enie 7 
recommendation, •.yc '"'^ to re- 
commend, direct; procure, --y- 
ciel '? procurer, . pander, /•y- 
cielka^, procuress. 

strefa^, zone. 

strellscic, -szczac ^? to recapi- 
tulate. 

strftwa^, cramp-fish. 

strofa*", couplet, strophe. 

strofollwac ^" to reprimand, re- 
buke, chide, -^wanie 7 repri- 
mand. 

str6j '^ dress, attire, finery ; (muz.) 
tuning, tune, m, hobrowyj casto- 
reum. 

strolijarka^, milliner, •-ic '"f to 
dress, to attire; (fortepian etc.) 
to tune. « * figlCf to make sport ; 
(iig.) •"• kwasna minpy to make 
grimaces, to grimace. «, «, 8i§ ^f 
to dress, •.iciel, •-jnik " tuner. 
*lk ^ head-dress, -jnie, *jiio "? 
elegantly, sprucely. -^jiiis ^ 
masher, dandy, •.jnisia ^, wo- 
man fond of finery, -jnosc ^, 
elegance (in dress) , ornament, 
•"jny " elegant, neat, spruce; 
ornamented, adorned. 

stromllosc *", declivity, steepness. 
I -^y " declivous, steep, 
'stron'ia^, side; party, faction; 



286 



strona 



region ; vid, struna. «'a Swiata, 
the point of the compass ; quarter 
of the heaven^; z tej -y, on 
this side; po prawej *ie, on the 
right, to the right (hand), -.ic ^ 
{od kogoj to avoid, shun, •-ica, 
-nlca ^, page, -ienie 1 avoiding, 
shunning. •.nictwo 1 party, 
faction, -niczosc, '•'llOSC ^, par- 
tianty. -.niczy, -vliy" factious, 
partial, -nik " partisan, [sky. 

btrop " ceiling; ffigj firmament, 

stropic "^^ to scare away, frighten. 

stroskany ? afifUcted, grieved. 

Btr6z " watchman, warder ; door- 
keeper, porter; ffigJ guardian, 
•a *", guard, night-watch, •-ka ^, 
portress. «.owac ^? to be on 
guard. [soning. 

strullc ^f' to poison. *.cie 1 poi- 

Stmchlll&iosc ^, consternation, 
dismay. •aly ^ confounded, 
dismayed, •-ec "^^ to be struck 
with consternation. 

Btradzllenie ^ fatigue, lassitude, 
•-ic ""^ to tire, fatigue. «. * si§ ^ 
to grow tired, ^ony ^ tired, fa- 
tigued^ [butter-cake. 

stmcllel ^ •'la^, oblong piece of 

Stmg "^ chipping-knife, carving- 
knife, -.ac , (owocj to peel, 
pare; chip. 

struga*', brooklet 

stroktnra^, structure. 

Stnunllien " stream, brook ; (fig.) 
torrent, flood, •'ieniami, in tor- 
rents. *.yk '^ brook, rivulet. 

stnina^, chord. 

stmp ™ scurf, scald, scab, -ia- 
stosc ^t Bcurfiness, scabbedness. 
•iasty^ scabbed, scuriy. *.iesza- 
tosc % putridness. «.ieszaly " 
putrid. 

Strulls ^ ostrich, •.si ? ostrich . . . 

strwonic ^^ to lavish, squander. 

Btxwozllony ^ <fe f faint-hearted, 
alarmed. <*yc ^* to dishearten, 
frighten, alarm. <»« sig ^ to 
be frightened, become embar- 
rassed. 



strzelniczy 

strych ^, garret, loft, -^arstwo ^ 
brick-maker's trade. *arz '^ tile- 
maker, brick-maker. •«>owac *"? 
(strychuLcemJ to strike; (mil.) to 
cannonade, batter with cannon 
shot. .*.Tilec ^ strickle. 

strychniiia ^, strychnine. 

Stryczek "^ (do wi^zania) halter. 

stryj '^ (paternal) uncle, •-eczny 'f 
«w «, Iratf cousin ; •.eczna siostra, 
female cousin, ^-enka ^ aunt 
(wife of the paternal uncle). 
•-OWSki f of (paternal) uncle. 

Strzai'^ shoot; ^odiegrWcV range, 
shot; na ■», within shot; •- chy- 
hiony, miss, bad shot. 

Strzallla*", arrow; jak *.a, swift as 
an arrow, -.ka *", small arrow; 
(u zwierzatj blaze, white spot; 
(u nogi konskiejj frog. •.*. pio' 
runowa, thunder-bolt. [pieces. 

strzaskac ^^ to crash, dash to 

strzasllac, -'iiac ^? to shake off, 
cast off. " [roof, thatch. 

strzecha *i thatched hut; straw- 

strzedz ""^ (czegoj to guard, watch. 
'- 8i§, to give (take) heed, beware. 

strzeWac, --ic '"'^ to shoot, dis- 
charge, fire (off); (oczymaj to 
dart; (fi^J <*"» to gorp, to shoot 
up. •'ic sobie w ieb , to blow 
one's brains out. -ac si§ ^f 
(z kim) to fight with pistols. 
-»anie "J shooting, -.anina > 
continual firing, •.ba ^ rifle, gun. 
•-Czy ^ rifle .. ., shooting ... 
•-czyk " young sharp-shooter. 
•ec '^ rifleman, sharp-shooter: 
hunter, huntsman; fellow-sharp- 
shooter, •.ecki " rifle . .., sharp- 
shooter's. «.ecka torbOj hunting- 
bag, gamebag. -.isty f (fig. J 
shooting up; (fig. J hot, ardent. 
*'Ilica *i house of the sharp- 
shooter's company; (dla armatj 
embrasure, loop-hole. *.niczy " 
shooting; proch -*•, gun powder; 
baweina •.nicza, gun-cotton, ful- 
minating cotton. 



strzemig 

etrzemi||§ 'J stirrup, -enne " par- 
ting-cup, stirrup-cup. -^enny " 
stirrup ... -wonko ^, band, strap; 
small stirrup. 

strzepllac, *5rwac ^f to dust, free 
from dust; (kogo, fig.) to dust a 
person's jacket. 

BtTzeplIek'^ lump, thrum, -iasty" 
crisp, •'ic ^^ to crisp, curl up. 
*. «. si§ "^r to crisp, /..ka ^, thrum ; 
(hot.) horse-tail; shave-grass. 

Strzezenie^ guard, •r.sif 'J taking 
care. 

strzylldz ^f? to shear, shave; 
(papier tic.) cut. •-dz uszami, to 
prick up one's ear.s. •.gacz ^t 
shearer, •.z, -za ^, shearing; 
shearing -time; shearings pi. m, 
zenie » shearing, •.zony ^ <fc f 
shaved. 

Btrzykllac, -nac "^ to sputter. 
«^a wii^ ty . . ., I have a pain in . . . 
*ailie" pain, pinching; sputter- 
ing, •.awka*', syringe. 

fitrzyzyk ^ (hot.) wren. 

Stuttliencki ?■ student- like; stu- 
dent's, undergraduate. «.eilt " 
collegian, student. -*ya pi. stu- 
dies i)l. *yowac ^", to study. 
*yowanie "J studying, studies pi. 
•'yum T study; essay, treatise. 

Btulldnia^, well, spring, -.dniarz"^ 
well-digger; inspector of the wells, 
•dzieiiny f well . . ., spring . . . ; 
woda m. dzienna , pump- water, 
•-dzic ^" to cool, cool down. 

Btullgfbny " having hundred 
mouths; ^/ig.^ famous, •-gtowy? 
hundred -headed, •.jfzyczny " 
having hundred tongues; (fig.) 
celebrated. 

Stuk "^ •'anie 1 knock, (continual) 
knocking, •ac, --iiac ""? to 
knock; (o sereu) to throb, pant 
^niecie, 'wnienie ^ knocklDg 
(done but once). 

stnta^ stole, maniple. 

8tTll|!a6, '^16*'^ (oczy etc.) to close, 
shut; (vulg.) m,ic py 3k, to hold 
one's tongue. 



subordjnacya 287 

stnlHecie " century, -.letni ? 

centennial; hundred years old. 

•'letnia rocznica , centenary. 

-^listny " centifolious. 
stupurczyc si§ '^r CfigJ to elate 

oueself. 

sturbowac ^f to trouble, disturb, 
stwarlldnialosc ^, induration. 

<»'diiiec, --dnac "^ to harden, 

grow hard. 
Stwarzac, vid. stworzyc. 
stwlerdzllac, mc '^^ to confirm, 

corroborate, -enie ^ confirma- 
tion, corroboration, 
stwdrca ^, creator. 
Stworzllenie "J creation; creature. 



-yc 



to create; make, pro- 



duce, "^ciel ^ creator. 

Styczen , January. 

styczllna ^, /^wa^.; tangent, ••nose ^. 
contact; (fig ) connexion, rela- 
tions pi. m,Tiy ^ contiguous. 

Styczniowy "of January. 

stygnac ^? to grow cold, cool 
down*; (fig.) to cool. 

styk "^ plough-handle. 

stykallc si§ ^f to come into con- 
tact; to meet, ••nie si§ 1 (osob) 
contact: contiguity. 

styl ^ style, manner of writ'ng; 
(arch.) style; m. gorny, lofty style. 
•-istyczny ^ stylistic, as regards 
style. •'Ovry f in style, in cor- 
rect style. 

stynta^, (ryha) smelt 

stypa^, funeral repast. 

stypendyllsta"^ stipendiary, ^um" 
allowance, scholarship. 

Styrallc, -'liy f vid. tterac, sterany. 

Bubiekcylla ^, trouble, annoyance, 
ceremonies pi.) hez «*i! no cere- 
monies ! 

subdyakon ^ subdeacon. 

Bubhasta cya ^, subhastation, 
public sale, auction. 

subiekt ^ (gram.) subject; com- 
mercial clerk, •'jrwnosc^, sub- 
jectivity. <v ywn y ^ subjective. 

Bnblimat ^ sublimate. 

Bnbordynacyia ^, subordination. 



288 



subretka 



subretka *', music-hall singer; 
lady's maid, chamber-maid. 

Bubskryllbent ^ subscriber. »> 
pcya*", subscription. 

substancya ^, substance. 

subtllelnosc'^, subtileness, subti- 
lity. •-elny " subtile, ^■ylizo- 
wac "^^ to subtilize. 

sue ^'^ to shoot, heap; (perlami 
etc.) to trim. [cracker. 

suchar "^ rusk, biscuit, -vck '^ 

suchledni pl-t ember-days. *.e- 
dniowy ^ ember ... *o "? dryly, 
drily ; f fig. J QOoWy. t^ofnadworzej, 
it is dry weather; na -o, with 
impunity; jejunely, emptily. «*. 
OSC *", dryness, siccity, aridity. 

suchotllnica ^, -^nik '^ phtisic, 
tabid person, •'iiiczy, •-ny ^ 
phtisical, consumptive, ^.y pL, 
phtisis, consumption, 

SUChlly " dry, arid. •-^ noga, 
dry-shod. *re konopie, (hot.) 
fimble-hemp. 

suczilka^, young bitch, •y f of 

sufit ",' ceiling. [bitch. 

sufler '^ prompter. 

sufragan "^ suffragan bishop. 

SUggestya *", suggestion. [bitch. 

suka ^, bitch. - goncza, hound- 

siikces '^ success. 

sukcellsor '^ successor, heir, 
-•sorka ^, heiress, -.sya ^, suc- 
cession ; inheritance. 

SuMenllka ^, priestly garment; 
garment. •.ko ^ small cloth, 
•nica ^, cloth-hall, •.nictwo "J 
cloth -manufactory, drapery. « 
niczy" clothier's, ••nik ^ clo- 
thier, cloth-weaver. *ny" cloth... 

sukmana^, country-dress; gown, 
dress. [garment. 

suknia ^, garment, dress; female 

Bnknllisko 'J coarse cloth; bad 
gown or dress, -.q ^ cloth. *.o- 
wiec '^ Czo.J clothes-moth. 

Sukurs ™ succour, help. 

tuitan '^ sultan, ^icz " sultan's 
son. •'ka^, sultana, sultanes?. 

sum ^y sheath-fish. 



swach 

Suma ^, sum ; sum of money ; high* 
mass , public mass --ryczny ? 
summary, •-ryusz '^ summary, 

sumak '^ sumach-tree. 

sumienllie " conscience ; czyste *ie, 
quiet conscience; zgryzoty *ia, 
remorse, ••nosc *i conscientious- 
ness, scrupulosity, -.ny f scru- 
pulous, conscientious. 

sumilka ^, small sum (of money), 
•-owac ^^ to sum, cast up. 

sunac^"? to push, shove; creep^ 
crawl. • si§ ^r to move on; 
creep slowly. 

superata»% overplus, surplus. 

suplent '^ assistant teacher. 

supliklla \ petition, supplication, 
•ant '^ supplicant, petitioner, 
•-owac ^? to petition. 

supo!,nowac ^" to suppose, con- 
jecture, -zycya \ supposition, 

surdut i; coat, gown. 

surma ^, trumpet, trombone. 

surogat"? surrogate, succedaneum. 

surowliica*. salt-spring. «.iec "^ 
pig-iron, crude -iron, •.izna ^, 
crudeness; rawness, roughness. 

sur6wka*", adobe. 

SUrowllo ^^ rigorously, severely; 
roughly; ^zgranicV sharply. *.0SC ^, 
severely, rigour; crudeness. ^.y^ 
crude, rough; severe, rigorous. 

BUS ™ leap, jump; dac -^a, to 
take a leap. 

suspendowac ^f to suspend. 

susel '^ (zo.) zisel, souslik. 

susz '^ dead branches, •a^, dry- 
ness, aridity, -ralnia, •amia^, 
drying-place, •.yc ^^ to dry, 
dry up; fbieliznej to air; ffig.J 
m. «. komu gloivp, to set a person's 
head turning. [sock. 

sutanna^, priestly garment, cas- 

suterena^, basement story. 

SUt'iO "? copiously, abundantly; 
luxuriously, •^osc *", copiousness, 
plentifulness. •.y ^ copious, 
abundant; opulent, luxurious, 

SUWaC, vid. sunai. 

SWach, vid, swat. 



6wiekra 



289 



9wad" burnt smell; stink, stench. 

swada^i facility in speaking. 

swadzba ^, match-making; wed- 
ding. 

Swarlly pi. , differences pi.', quar- 
rels pi. --liwosc *', unsociable- 
ness, quarrelsomeness, •.liwy^ 
quarrelsome. "Zyt si§ ^r to 
quarrel, fall out. 

SwaHszka ^, (female) match-maker. 
•.t ^ 'bridegroom's man, best 
man; match-maker, "-tdit^''!' to 
make a match, woo for a person, 
-^tauie " match-making. -*.tyi>i. 
wooing, courtship. 

awawolila *", petulance, wanton- 
ness; wilfulness, self- will, *.lic^? 
to hoiden, wanton, frolic. -Inica ^, 
petulant woman. *.lnik ''"., wan- 
ton, petulant man. •.Iny " pe- 
tulant, wanton, frolic. 

SW§dzic ^V''^ to smell of burning ; 
smoke-dry. 

swiadilczyc ^^" to give evidence, 
witness; fkomuj bestow upon. 
*'•' 8i§ '^r (kim) to call to wit- 
ness. *.ectwo \ deposition; testi- 
monial, certificate, -^ek "^ wit- 
ness, deponent; slawic *.ka, to 
bring forward a witness. -*<%« 
naoczny, eye-witness. 

SWiadom, vid. swiadomy. *.ie, -^0^^ 
consciously. -^OSC^, experience, 
consciousness, m, -> samego siehie, 
self-consciousness. *.y "^ acquain- 
ted with, experienced; conscious. 
*.y siehie, self-conscious, 

swiat '^ world; universe; fludzie) 
people; wielki •., the high life; 
piekny •-, the beau monde; za 
nic w swiecie, not for all the world. 

swiateczny ? festive,^ festival, 
swiateiko ^ dim light. [tide. 

Swiatki pL, fZidoneJ Whitsun- 
swiatilio ^ light, candle-light ; ("figj 
enlightenment, -^ >*, (na dxoorze), 
it is light ; *, «. dzienne, day-light ; 
•. m, sloneczne, sunlight. *,io, 
•.le «^ clearly, light, -^tocien '^ 
(mal.J clare- obscure. -«tosc *", 
Czps'c polsko-angielska. 



brightness, •.ly ^ clear, bright; 
^fig.) enlightened, civilized. 

swiat:'nica ^, sanctuary; temple. 
^obliwOSC etc-, vid. iwietolU- 
wosi etc. 

swiatowlliec '^ worldling, man of 
the world. *.osc ^, worldliness, 
mundanity. -»y ^ worldly, tem- 
poral; worldly-minded. 

swiatynia ^, temple. 

sv/idller "^ bore, gimlet; -.rem 
j)atrzyc, to look asquint, squint 
-erek '^ gimlet; (chir.J trepan, 
•-rowac ^f to bore, drill; (fig J 
^ >*, oczyma, to Ogle, *ryk '^ Czo.J 
bore-worm. 

swidwila, -^ina*", (hot. J dogwood, 

Swieclla *", candle; Cmysl.J eye of 
the stag; <^3iparafinoioa, paraffin- 
candle; '^B.ivoskowa, wax-candle, 
-^acy " bright, shiny, -•.arz "T 
chandler, candle-maker, *,ic '"^ 
to shine, emit light; (komu) to 
light a person (home); to give 
a good example to. *.^ si§ ^f 
to shine. 

Swiecilenie " (na ksifdzaj ordina- 
tion, ^ic ""^ to solemnize, ce- 
lebrate; fkogo) consecrate, or- 
dain ; keep the Lord's day. ^-ic 
si^ '^r to be ordained; be cele- 
brated ; (w kartachj to be trump ; 
CO sie tu «.i? what is up here? 
••ie "^ holiiy, sacredly. 

swiecidetko T spangle, tinsel. 

swiecklli ^ worldly, secular, laic. 
«*'OSC ^, worldliness. 

swifcollne ^ -"iika ^, a kind of 
Easter-lunch, Easter-egg, *,ny ^ 
consecrated ; -^ne jojko , Easter- 
egg; *.na woda, holy-water. 

swieczllka*; small-candle, ^nik "^ 
candle-stick, lustre, candelabrum, 

swiegot '^ chirping ; talkative 
man. *.ac ^^,^ to chirp, warble, 
cheep ; babble, chatter, 'vliwosc *", 
talkativeness, chirpiness. •^liwy" 
talkative, chirping, 

8wiek;!ier ^ father-in-law. *ra ^, 
mother-in-law. 

19 



290 



^wiergot 



sygnatura 



SWierllgOt "", chirping, -wgotac, 
••kac ^? to chirp, warble. 

swierk"^ red fir. ^owy^fir... 

swierszcz "^ ('zoj cricket. 

swierzb "^ ^a^, itch, -iaczka^, 
itching, itch; CfigJ passion, ma- 
nia, -iec ^*,^ to itch, --ienie 'J 
itching. *owaty? scabby, mangy. 

swi^ta^, (female) saint. 

swietlllany f illuminating, light. 
-ica *i chamber, room, -ik '^ 
luminous matter; fzoj glow- 
worm ; (botj eye-bright, twisty " 
sparkling, bright, 

swietnliiec ^? to sparkle, gleam. 
•-OSC^, brilliancy, splendour. *.y^ 
"brilliant, splendid; bright, re- 
splendent. 

swieto "J feast-day, festival; •• 
Tcohielne, church-festival, -^bli- 
WOSC ^, devoutness, piety; Jego 
m. *, fpapieij, His Holiness. *.bli- 
wy " pious, religious, -.janka *", 
(hot.) red -currant, -.janski " 
John's; •.*. chleh, carob; *.*. 
robaczek, glow-worm. *.*.e " 
earnest-money, feasting-penny. 
•-kradzca "^ church -robber; 
blasphemer, -kradzki ? sacri- 
legious, -kradztwo "i sacrilege, 
-vinarcinski " •- -^-e lato, St. Mar- 
tin's summer, -vpietrze "J Rome- 
penny. 

swi§tl!osc ^, holiness; holy relic. 
•-OSZek" -OSzka*", pietist, hypo- 
crite. <*.owac ^V' to hold a feast; 
cease from work, be unoccupied ; 
be idle, -^owanie ^ feasting; 
fbezrobociej strike, •-y f holy; 
saint; sacred; '^ej pamipci, de- 
ceased, late. *.y ",' saint, 

swiezllo "? freshly; newly, lately, 
-osc*", freshness; newness. *.y^ 
fresh; new. 

swini ^ hog's, hog . . ., pig's; *a 
wesz, (bot.J hemlock, -^a*", hog, 
pig, swine; (fig.) filthy pig. 
••ak^ ^to<.> sow-bread, -^arek'" 
swine-herd, •-arski? pig-driver's. 



-'arz ^ hog-dealer; pig-driver j 
(fig.) filthy pig, nasty fellow. 

swillnina \ pork, -nka ^, small 
pig; m.>». morska, sea-hog, por- 
poise. «.nopas ^ pig -driver; 
(fig.) nasty fellow. -.nski f 
piggish, swiny. -.nstwo ^ pig- 
gishness. ^-ntuch "^ nasty fellow, 
filthy pig. 

swisllnac, -tac '""^ to pipe; 
whistle, whiz, -^t "^ whistling, 
whistle. <*.tak, vid. iwinzczijpailca. 
••tawka^, fife, whistle. ->t\m 7 
empty nut. 

swistek "^ waste paper, trash; 
sorry publication. 

swiszcz "t (^20.; marmot, -ec""'^ 
to hiss, whizzle. •'Vpatka "7 
windy fellow. [<*'ac^, to dawn. 

swit ",' *anie "J day-break, dawn. 

swita*", attendance, retinue. 

switezianka ^, water-nymph, un- 
dine. 

SWObodila ^, liberty, freedom; 
privilege, prerogative; indepen- 
dence, -.nie "? at leisure. 
*'nosc ^, leasureliness, easiness 
--ny 
dent 

SV/OJ ^*'^,* his, her, its; his, hers, 
their; theirs; wzialem, wzialtS «• 
kapelusz, I took 'my (you took 
your) hat; wxielihay swoje ka- 
pelusze, we took our hats. 

swojsklli ^ homely; domestic, 
tame, •-osc ^, domesticity. 

sworlla, -nose, *ny, vid. sfora, 

sfornosc, sformj. 

sworzeii '^ strong nail or peg. 
sybaryta ^7 sybarite, [to strain, 
sycic ^? to satiate, sate; (miodj 
syllczacy" sibilant; gioska ^-czaca, 

sibilant, •-czec, -vknac ^""^ to 
syenit ^ syenite. " [hiss, 

syfilis 'i; syphilis. 
S5'fon "IJ siphon, 
sygnallt "^ signal. -Uzowac ''^ 

to signalise. *.lowy" signal ..., 

warning. -tura ^, signature; 

mark, stamp. 



" leisured, free; indepen- 
ne chivile, leisure-hours. 



sygnet 

syernet " seal-ring. 

syk ^ hissing, whizzing. 

sykomor "^ sicomore. . ' 

sylabila ^, syllable, -.izowac ^? 
to syllable, --izowanie » spel- 
ling, syllabication. 

sylfida*i sylph. 

sylwetka^, silhouette, shade. 

symbol "^^ symbol, -iczny ^ 
symbolical. -*.ika ^, doctrine of 
symbols, symbolism, •.izowac^'" 
to symbolise. 

symetrylla *; symmetry, -.cznosc <i 
symmetricainess. -czny" sym- 
metrical. 

symfonia <i symphony. 

sympatylla ^, sympathy, -^cznie «? 
sympathetically. «*czny " sym- 
pathetic(al). -»zowac , (z kimj 
to sympathise, feel drawn to. 

symptom, -'at ™ symptom. ^ 
atyczny ^ symptomatic. 

syTiiiiltanny ^ simultaneous. 

syn ^ son; «. hozy, son of God, 
Jesus, -alek, -aszek '^ pet son. 
-ek '^ (beloved) son. 

synagoga^i synagogue. 

syndyk '^ syndic. 

synod ™ synod. _ 

synogarlica ^, laughing - dove, 
Indian turtle-dove. 

Bynonim "^ synonym, synonyme. 
-•owy ? synonymous. 

synollwa *", daughter-in-law. -wi- 
ca ^, niece, -wiec "^ nephew, 
•^-wski " son's. / 

syntelltyczny ? symhetic. *za ^, 
syntliesis. 

sypilac ^" to pour, heap; fszancej 
to raise, throw up; strew, spread. 
*ac, ^-nac ^'V CczemJ scatter, 
strew ; deal out abundantly. «vac 
sif ^r to be spread or scattered. 

B3rpial|c ^V* to sleep. •»lnia ♦", 
sleeping-room. --Iny *? sleeping. 

sypliki " being easily'poured (out), 
friable. --kosc *r quality of 
being easily poured (out), friabi- 
lity, «*nac, vid. sypac. 

syrena*", siren, mermaid. 



szafirowy 291 

83nP0p 1? syrup, treacle. 

syryusz '^ (astr.J dog-star, Sirius. 

system, •at '^ system, -atycz- 
nosc ^, systematic treatment, 
-•atyczny " systematicCal). 

syt ^^ do -n, sufficiently, enough. 
•»' ^ uitZ. ayty. »n0SC ^, nutri- 
tiveness, satiableness. *ny ? 
nutritive, satiable. «>osc^, satiety; 
Ciig.J disgust. •.y ^ satiate; 
(iig.J overladed, overfilled. 

sytuacylla *", situation, rjay ? 
pian •.*, plan of a site. 

sza *, hist! __ 

szabas ^ sabbath. *6wka ^, 
small tallow - candle ; a kind of 
exquisite brandy, -vowy " sab- 
batic(al). 

szabllla ^, sabre, plasty ? sabre- 
shaped, -^lica^, large sabre. 

szablon "^ model, pattern. 

S^ach "^ chess-man; Shah. « * 
(w azaehach) check ! -.mat *, 
(check)maie. --ista '^ chess- 
player. A'OwaC ^" ^m; szachachj 
to chepk. -.ownica ^, chess- 
board.^ »»y pi., chess-board and 
(set of) chess-men; grac w -y, 
to play at chess. 

szacherflka *", low trade, haggling, 
-ski ^ low dealer's. 

szachrjiaj "^ diddler, swindler, 
-ajski 7 Sandler's, ^ajstwo 7 
swindle, bubble, -owac ""^ to 
chaffer, barter; cheat. 

szacht "7 --a^, pit, shaft. 

szacowllac ^? to value, estimate; 
(kogoj to esteem, respect, -nik 7 
appraiser,taxer. -.nosc ^, raluable- 
ness, estiraableness. -ny f va- 
luable, estimable. 

szacunliek '^ valuation, taxation ; 
esteem , respect, -.kowy ^ ap- 
praising, of appraisement. 

szafa ^t cupboard; chest, ward- 
robe; *. ipizamiana, meat-safe, 
-rka *", cateress, house- wife, -rz ^ 
steward, butler, house-holder. 

Bzafir i; sapphire, -owy ? sap- 
phirine. 

19'* 



szaflik 



szaflik *; (rinsing) tub. 

Bzafowac "^"^^ to manage, admi- 
nister; give away, dispose of; 
lavish, squander. 

szafran'^ safifron, crocus, m.owy f 
saflfrony, crocus. [away. 

szafunek "^ management; giving 

szagryn "", shagreen. 

szaika^, band, gang. 

szakal "^ C^oJ jackal. 

SZaklak, vid. sakldk. 

BZal "^ shawl. [fury; frenzy. 

szat ™ exaltation, ecstasy; rage, 

szala ^, scale -pan, scale, dish; 
(fig.) balance. 

szalamaia^, shalm, shawm, cornet. 

szatallput, -wita "^ giddy-head. 

szaias ^ barrack, soldier's hut. 

8zalbie!|rski ^ quackish, puffing. 
-•rstwo ^ quackery. -.rz "!? 
mountebank. 

Szalellc ^f to rage, fume, be mad ; 
(za kimj to be foolishly fond of; 
(o hurzyj to roar, rage, •^nie ^} 
furiously, franticly; much; Croz- 
IcochanyJ foolishly. -*niec '^ mad- 
man, mad-brain, •-nstwo "J fury, 
madness, frenzy. 

Bzalej "^ (hot.) water-hemlock. 

szalka*", scale-pan. 

szalollnosc ^, franticness. -»ny "^ 
madman, -.ny " madbrain, fran- 
tic ; immense, extraordinary; foo- 

Bzalupa^, jelly-boat. [lish. 

szalwia^, (hot.) sage. 

szambelalln ™ chamberlain, •-n- 
sM" of a chamberlain. •-nstwo'J 
chamberlainship. 

szamerowallc ^" to border, gar- 
nish; slander, •-nie » border, 
garnishing. 

szamotac^f? to shake, pull about. 
>*> Bi§ "^r to fidget. 

szampalin ^ champagne, •-nski " 
champagne . . . 

Szampion, vid, pieczarka. 

Szallniec'^ redout, entrenchment, 
bulwark, -.ncowac '^f to en- 
trench, ••ncowy f **"*> ^o9z, 
gabion. 



szarze6 



sig 



szankier "^ (med.) shanker. 

szanollwac '^f to take care of, 
save ; to esteem, respect ; nie •- •., 
(zdrowia etc.) to be regardless of. 
••wny " respectable; dear; (vf 
liscle) -»-*. Panic! dear Sir! 

szansa^, chance. 

szarallczek "^ mixed cloth; coat 
made of mixed cloth ; vid. szarek. 
-czkowy f mixed coloured, ash- 
coloured; made of mixed cloth. 

szapoklak "? opera-hat. 

szarada^, charade. 

szaragi pi., clothes-rack. 

szarak "i (mysl.) hare. 

szarancza ^, (zo.) locust, grass- 
hopper; (fig. J crowd, imiltitude. 

szarawaryi5i., trunk- hose, slops j?Z. 

szarawllo «p grayishly. -,y ^ 
grayish. 

szarek "? poor nobleman. 

szarfa^, scarf, sash. 

szargac '"f to hem ire. •. si§ ^f 
to be bemired. 

szariat "^ vid. szkariat. 

szarlatalln ™ charlatan, mounte- 
bank, cheap -jack, -^nery^- ^» 
charlatanry, quackery, --nski " 
charlatanical. 

szarlotka ^, apple-charlotte. 

szaro ^p grayly ; (na dicorze) it 
dawns, it is dusky, ^.sc ^, gray- 
ness. •'ta, •'tka ^,(bot.)\ion^s-foot. 

szarpliac, <^nac "^^ to haul and 
tear; pull, tug, pull to pieces; 
(czyja siaive) to decry, depreciate, 
^-ac sie '^f'to fidget; (z kirn) to 
scufne,''wrestle; (na kogo) to give 
way to one's anger towards, 
-ni^cie, '-nienie " jerk, pluck. 

szaniga ^, bad weather. 

szarwark ^ socage. 

szallry " gray; poorly, dressed; 
twilight, dusky, ^-rytka^, sister 
of charity; --ra godzina, twilight- 
hour; -^ry konicc, last- place. 
-rzac ""^ (suknie etc.) not to save 



(one's clothes etc.), -^rzec 



to 



become gray; sparkle with gray 
colour, m, y 8i§^r to grow dusky 



szarza 

BZarzlla ^, attack, charge (of ca- 
valry); rank, dignity, •-owac^^ 
(mil.) to attack, make a charge. 

SZasnac, vid. fzastac. 

Bzast * pop! -.ac "^^ to agitate 
(noisily) ; « <» fpienipdzmij to dis- 
sipate, squander (money). «« 
sif ^r to be agitated.. 

szata^, garment, gown, dress. 

szatalin "^ Satan, devil, -nskif 
satanical, devilish, •'HStwO " 
devilry, devilish trick. 

szatkollwac ""f to mince, cut into 
small pieces, -.wnica *", knife 
or plane for cutting cabbage. 



szczkawka 



295 



SZatnlUa *", wardrobe. 



clo- 



thes ... ^y *; keeper of the 
wardrobe. 

Bzatyn ^ man with chest- nut 
coloured hair, -ka ^, woman 
with chest-nut coloured hair. 

SZCzac ^? to make water, piss. 

SZCzat, ••ek "^ fragment, remnant, 
'"'ki'pl.f fragments pi. ; fwojska) 
remnant, residue, (okr^tuj wreck. 

Bzczallw" ™ (hot.) sorrel, -wian "IJ 
oxalate. *wik '^ (hot.) sheep's 
Borrel. *wlowy ^ sorrel . , . 
^•wy pi., mineral waters. 

Bzczebel "5 ladder- step, round; 
(fig.) degree, step, stage. 

Bzczebiot '^ -anie "J clilrp(ing); 
babbling. *ac ^7" to babble; 
chirp, warble, -.ka ^, chatterbox, 
•liwosc ^, talkativeness. *liwy ? 
talkative. 

JZCzellc ^, bristle; (hot.) teasel, 
^cina U hog's bristle, -ciasty f 
bristly, hispid. -»cinowaty ? 
bristle-shaped. [mical with. 

JZCSfdzic ^'^ to save, be econo- 

3zczeg!!61 ^ particular, detail; 
hlizsze •'dJyi particulars pi. •.61- 
nie <^f in particular; especially. 
•-(illlGSC *", particularity, peculari- 
*y; particular, -olliy" particu- 
lar, peculiar; separate, -blrowo'^j' 
iu detail, at large. •.6iowosc *, 
fullness, completeness, detail. 
•6lowy ? detailed, specialised. 



SZCZgk'^ clash, clang, -.-ac, *n%c^ 
to clink, clatter. •'Otac ^i" (z^- 
bami) to chatter. 

SZCZfklla ^, jaw, jaw-bone, man- 
dible. «.owy *^ maxillary, faan* 
dibular. 

szczekac ^? to bark. 

szczelina^, chink, cleft, rent. 

szczeHlnosc', closeness, compact- 
ness, -.ny *J^ close, compact. 

szczenlliak " pretty big cub. 
•-ic sif ^T to bring forth young, 
cub. -.i§ 7 puppy, cub- -.na ? 
pregnant, with young. 

szczep "^ graft, scion; set, shoot, 
cutting ; (fig.) race, family, -^ic ^? 
to imp, inoculate, ingraft ; (ospf) 
to vaccinate, -.ienie \ vaccina- 
tion ; inoculation. *owy ? race ..., 
of a race. 

szczepila ^, piece of wood, billet, 
-ac *^" to cleave. 

szczerbila ^, notch , nick ; gap (in 
the teeth), •.ak ^ (hot.) endive, 
-"al"^ gap-toothed person, •►aty? 
gap-toothed; jagged, full of not- 



ches. 



-IC 



to notch. *.iec U 



jagged sword. 

szczellrosc *i sincereness, candid- 
ness, M'TOta \ ingeniousness, 
plainness. <*roztoty " (made) 
of true gold, -ry f sincere, 
frank, true. *rze **? sincerely, 
frankly, truly. 

SZCZ§sl|cic "? pcomu) to favour, 
bless; -*c Boze! good luck! -.ci 
mu sip, he is in luck. *.cie » 
(good) luck, fortune; happiness; 
•'Ciem, ie . . ., fortunately, •-li- 
wiec " fortunate man, spoiled 
child of fortune. 

8ZCZ§[|sliwosc ♦', luckiness, happi- 
ness, -sliwy f happy; lucky, 
fortunate; •-sliwej drogi! a plea- 
sant journey (or voyage) to you! 
-sny " fortunate, felicitous; 
(dzien etc.) auspicious, propitious. 

BZCZft, vid.tzczat; do «rU, zc •■em, 
totally, thoroughly. [hiccup. 

BzczkaliC ^ to hiccup, •-wka \ 



294 



szczkna6 



szerzy6 si^ 



SZCzkn^C, vid. szczykac. 

szczodrllobliwosc, -^osc*", liberali- 
ty, munificence, -^o, —ze ^^ libe- 
rally , munificently, •^obliwy, 
*,y ^ liberal, munificent. 

SZCZOtlleCzka ^, small brusb; •-•. 
do paznoyci, nail-brush ; •« <« do 
zehow, tooth-brush. »<ka ^, brush ; 
hatchel, flax-comb ; *. -* do trzewi- 
how, shoe-brush, --karz "^ brush- 
maker. 

szcznlic ""^ to bait, course, start, 
-cie "J baiting, course. 

szczudio "!? stilt; wooden leg. 

SZCZUpak "^ (ryla) pike, jack. 

Bzczupllle, -'lo «? lankly; nar- 
rowly, straitly. •'lec ^f to be- 
come slim or slender. *.tosc ^, 
lankness, slenderness; scarcity. 
--iy? lank, slim, slender; scarce; 
narrow, close. [rat ... 

szczuilr "^ (zo.) rat. -.rzy ? rat's, 

szczutljek "^ fillip ; dac komu -.ka, 
to fillip a person. 

BZCZWallc '"'^ fpaamij to course, 
set on, chase. *.cz "^ setter-on. 

y^-lnia *i baiting-place, -.ny f set 
on, hunted; cunning, sly; (^figj 
to m^'^ lis, he is a cunning man. 

SZCZWOt "^ fhotj hemlock. 

szczycic sie ^f (czemj to boast 
of, glory in. [finch. 

Bzczygiei ^, goldfinch, thistle- 

szczykac '"^ to pluck off. 

szczyny pi., piss, urine. 

Bzczypllac- '^f to pinch, twinge, 
twitch; (iraw^J to pluck off; be 
sharp to, to prick ; (ixgj to chaff, 
taunt, •-awka^iforficula. •cepi., 
snuffers pZ., pincers pZ. *'Czykii>Z., 
nippers pi. 

Bzczypiorek '^ chive, cive. 

Bzczypta *", pinch (of snuff etc.). 

SZCzyr "^ (lot.) dog's mercury. 

BZCzyt ™ top, summit, the crown ; 
pitch, pinnacle; (fig.) highest 
degree, zenith, -nosc^, loftiness, 
sublimity, sublimeness. -*.ny ? 
lofty, sublime, /vowy " gable . . . 

BZediem, imperf, od U6. 



szef 1J chief, principal, employer 
head; m, sztabu, commander -in- 

szelag '^ farthing, doit. [chief. 

szele||sci6 '^? to rustle, murmur, 
-•-st %' rustle, rustling, murmur. 

S^elklla *", strap, brace-band, '^'ipl.j 
braces pi., a pair of braces. 

szellak "^ shellac, Jac in tables. 

szelmlla '^ rogue, knave, scoundrel. 
-•OStwo "i roguery, knavery; 
rascally trick. *.owskif knavish, 
villanous. [sketch. 

szemat ^ model, plan; scheme, 

szemrllac '"f to murmur, mutter ; 
Cna kogoj grumble at. ^anle 7 
murmuring, muttering, murmur. 

szeplenic '^^ to lisp. 

szepllnac, -tac ^^ to whisper; 
*» m, komu w ucho, to whisper into 
a person's ear. «-t '" whisper, 
whispering ; -.tem, whisperingly, 
in a whisper. 

szereg "^ rank, row; series, file. 
<*'OWac ^f to range, file, rank, 
•-owiec, -^owy ^ private (soldier). 
~Owy " of a row. 

szennllierka ^, (art of) fencing, 
swordsmanship; charapioness. 
•'ierski " fencer's, ^^ierstwo 'J 
swordsmanship. *.ierz ™ fencer, 
fencing-master; controversialist ; 
champion. •.Qwac '"? to fence, 
fight. 

szeroklii ^ broad, wide, large. 
-.0 "? broadly, widely; *.o sie 
rozwodzic nad czem, lo enlarge 
upon a thing, to expatiate on . . . 
«*olistny^^ lati foliate, broad-lea- 
ved. <»'OSC ^, broadness, w^deness; 
breadth; (geograficzna) latitude; 
na m.y dtoni, of a hand^breadth. 

SZersC, vid. sierc. 

szerszen ^ hornet. 

szeryf ^ country-justice, sheriff. 

szerz ^, w •, na *., broadways, 
•-enie si§ ^ spreading , propa- 
gation, -yc '"^ to spread, ex- 
tend; propagate. •.-* sie ^T *-<> 
spread; gain ground. 



szes6 

SZesc, num., six, -dziesiat,* num., 
sixty, -.dziesiecioletnr f sixty 
years old. -dziesiaty ^ sixtieth. 

fizesllcian "^ hexahedron; cube. 
•'Cienny ?^ hexahedral, cubical. 

szesciolldniowy ? of six days. 
••godzinny " of six hours, -.kat^ 
hexagon, ••katny " hexagonal, 
••konny ^ draVn by six horses. 
'•'letni ^ of six years, six years 
old; every sixth year. ~mie- 
sifczny " of six months; every 
sixth month, -^raki ^ of six 
different kinds, sixfold, •-ro ^ 
six, six persons. 

SZesciu, num., six. 

8zesc!!kroc"? six times. >^set^num., 
six hundred, •-setny f six hun- 
dredth. 

szesnallscie, num., sixteen, -.sty f 
sixteenth. 

szew ^ seam; fanat.) suture. 

Szewllc ^1 shoemaker, boot maker, 
•vcki, -^-ski ^ shoemaker's, -^co- 
wa *", a shoemaker's wife, -vczyk '^ 
journeyman shoemaker, •^stwo \ 
shoemaker's trade. [slander. 

Szkalowac '"f to abuse, revile, 

szkaplla \ jade, nag. *ina <; worth- 
less nag; horse-flesh. 

szkaplerz "IJ scapulary. 

szkaraljda ^, foulness, abomination; 
monster, malkin. -i^dnica^, ugly 
woman, -vdnie <^? abominably, 
uglily, -.dnik™ abominable man, 
•'dnosc ^,abominableness. ^dny" 
foul, abominable; hideous, hei- 
nous, -vdzic ^^ to deface, dis- 
figure. «^dzienstwo 7 abomi- 
nalle thing, enormity. 

szkarlat"^ scarlet, purple, •'iiy? 
scarlet. [latina. 

szkarlatyna ^, scarlet-fever, sea r- 

szkarpetka*", sock. ^ 

szkatuika*^ casket, box^ 

szkic '^ sketch, outline; rough 
drawing, -owac ^"^ to sketch. 

szkielet '^ skeleton, dead body. 

Szkietko ^ bit of glass; glass. 

szklacy (sie) f glittering, shining. 



szkorpion 295 

szklanlleczka ^, small (drinking) 
glass, •.ica^, large glass. 

szklallnka ♦", (drinking) glass; glass- 
ful, ^nny, '»'ny" glass; glassy;- 
vitreous; wyroby *.ne, glass-ware. 
-mia^i glass-making. «.rski ? 
glazier's. ^-rstWO "J glazier's trade. 
•'IZ 'J glazier, glass-maker. 

szkliiic Bie ""V to glitter, -vsty ? 
glassy, vitreous, •.wo "J enamel, 

szkillap^, glassesyZ., spectacles jpl. 
•-0 ^ glass; ~o krysztalowe, flint- 
glass; •-o taflowe, plate -glass. 
-^-odziej ^ glass-blower. 

Szkod!!a ^, damage, harm, hurt; 
damage done to fields ; loss, de- 
triment ; fco zaj ^a, it is a pity ; 
<».a viowic o tern, it is not worth 
while to speak of it; zajac hydlo 
ze /wy, to impound cattle. -*<li- 
wle "? noxiously. «vliwosc ^ 
noxiousness, harmfulness, noi- 
someness. *.liwy^ hurtful, detri- 
mental, injurious, noxious, (zdro- 



wiuj unwholesome. 



'iiica 



^-nik "^ wrong-doer. hurt«r. •.ny " 
noxious, •.owac ^** to sustain 
a loss , to bo a loser. «»zic ""^ 
to hurt, do hurt; hurt, not agree; 
to --zi zdrowiu, it is hurtful to 
the health; co to szkodzi? what 
liarm is there in that? 

szkollla ^, school; school-house 
•. m, ptywania, swimming-school . 
•.a gioivna, university ; ^2l prze-^ 
mystowa, technological institute; 
•.a ludowa, elementary school; 
*.a gornicza, school of mining. 

Szkll6ika^, small school; nursery 
(of trees), sed plot, •.olne " 
school -fees pi. ••olnictwo ? 
school affairs; school learning. 
•-olny " relating to schools, 
school; rok >^»>, school-year. 

szkopek ^ milking-tub, milking- 
pail. 

szkopnt ^ hinderance, obstacle. 

szkorbut "^ scurvy, -yczny ? 

scorbutic. 
szkorpion, vid. akorjyioTi* 



296 szkrofuly 

szkrofaly pi., scrofula, 

szkudilla ^, --lo ^ shingle, -larz '^ 
shingler. 

szktitlla ^, river- boat. •<nik ™ 
barge-master, raftsman. 

Szlaban '^ turnpike. 

szlachllcianka ^, wife or daughter 
of a nobleman, noblewoman. 
*'Cic ^ nobleman ; country-squire, 
•-ciura "^ a poor, unrefined 
country -squire. «^ecki " of a 
nobleman, noble; stan •.«., the 
nobility, the gentry. *ectwo ^ 
nobility ; nadac komu », »,, to en- 
noble a person, make noble, 
-etka ^ poor nobleman, •-e- 
tnie "^ nobly, generously. *.e- 
tnosc^» nobleness, noble-minded- 
ness, •-etny " noole, generous, 
noble-minded. m.tB, ^, gentry, 
gentlefolk. 

szlachtuz '^ slaughter-house. 

szlallczek "^ border, selvage, •.k *^ 
track, path; stripe, streak; bor- 
der, selvage. 

Bzlafllmyea^, night-cap. *.roczek, 
•-rok , dressing gown, morning 
gown. 

Szlam"? slime, mud, ooze, •'istosc, 
-"OwatOSC *\ slimiuess, muddiness. 
•-isty, --owaty " slimy, muddy, 
•-owac ^" to clear from slime 
(a pond). [ambler. 

sziailp* <; amble. -,pak ^, jogger, 

szlaz "^ mallow. [sledges. 

szlichtada^, sledge-race, ride in 

Bzlifa^, epaulet, shoulter-knot. 

szliflliemia ^, grinding -house, 
••ierz ^ grinder, polisher, -^o- 
wac ^f to grind, polish. 

szlochllac ^*,* to sob, blubber, 
-►anie ^ sobbing, sob. •-y pi. 
sobs pi. 

szluza*", sluice, floodgate. 

Szmallcik ^ small piece, a bit; 
(iniegu) flake. *.t "J piece, bit; 
m.t ziemif a bit of land. A-ta ^, 
clout, rag. 

szmaragd *? emerald, •.owy " 
of emerald; emerald-(green). 



szpalerowac 

sznxelc '^ smalt, enamel, -war- 
ski " melting ; enamellist's. •.&!- 
Stwo"? melting, founding; enamel- 
ling, -^arz "y enamellist. ^.q* 
wac "^^ to melt; enamel. 

szmer "^ murmur, hum. *.ac '^ 
to hum. 

szmergiel "V (mineral.) emery.. 

szmennel "J cracker, squib. 

szmukleiirski f haberdasher's; 
-rskie towary, haberdashery. 
«*r8tW0 "I lace-making, trimming, 
-»rz "^ lace-maker, haberdasher. 

sznur "^ cord, rope; measuring 
cord ; string, line ; wyciagna6 pod 
-w, to lay out by the rule and 
line, ^-ek ^ twist, string, pack- 
thread, -wowac ""?■ to tie, bind, 
lace, string. •. - sie ^f to wear 
Btays,-*owadto ^ stay-lace, lace, 
••dwka ^, stayspl., bodice, corset, 
•-owy" rope ... [of a racoon. 

szop , fzo.J racoon. *.y pL, fur 

szopa*', shed, booth, cover, coach- 

szopka^, puppet-show, [house. 

szorowac ^T? to rub, scour; fno' 
garni) to walk shuffling, shore 
the feet. 

szorstklli •? rough, coarse, rugged; 
^/^gr.^ harsh, rude, -^o ^? roughly, 
coarsely; Cfig.J harshly, rudely. 
••OSC ^, roughness, coarseness; 
{fig J harshness. 

SZOry pl.y harness. [pike-toll. 

SZOSila*", high-road, •owe "J turn- 

szdstljka^, a six; folaj small coin 
worth six kreuzers; team of six 
horses, •-y ^ sixth. 

szowiniL'sta ^, chauvinist. «»iziii "5 
chauvinism. 

szpada^, sword, [rz^dziej spade. 

szpadel '^ spattle, spatula; Y^^a- 

szpaga ^, cross-band. 

szpagat '^ packthread. 

szpak ™ fornj starling; /fig J 
cunning fellow, -^owaty f grizz- 
led, grey; (o JconiuJ roan. 

szpaler ™ espalier, hedge-row; 
ffig.J lane, -.owac ^'^^ to furniflb 
with an espalier. 



szpalta 

Bzpalta^, (typj column. 

szpara ^, cleft, crevice, fissure; 
Cfig-J przez szpary na co patrzec, 
to connive at a tiling. 

azparag '^ asparagus, -amia ^, 
plantation of asparagus. 

BZpargat "^ waste paper, waste- 
book, worthless book. 

szparki ^ quick, swift, rapid. 

szpat '^ spar; (u konij spavin. 

szpecic ^" to deform, disfigure. 

SzperaliC ^^ to search, rummage. 

^*CZ "' searcher, •-nie " search, 
investigation. 

Bzperka \ small piece of fried 
bacon. 

szpetnliie «i> foully, uglily, -.iec ^? 
to become ugly, •.osc *i foulness, 
ugliness, •.y ^ foul, ugly, ill- 
featured. 

szpic '^ Pomeranian dog. 

szpichlerz ^, granary, loft, corn- 
house, [whip. 

szpicruta ^, hand -whip, riding- 

szpieg '^ spy, police-spy. -^o- 
wac ^"? to spy; be a spy. 
-owski ^ of a spy. [row ... 

szpik ^ marrow, •.owy ^ mar- 

szpikulec "^ larding-pin. 

SZpilkia *", pin; siedziec jak na 
'^SLCh. to sit upon thorns, --arz "^ 
pin -maker, •owy " acicular; 

Bzpinak "^ spinage. [pin ... 

szpital ^ hospital ; •, polowy, am- 
bulance, field-hospital, -.nik "^ 
hospitaller, -ny " of a hospital 



szpon 



-a ^, claw, paw, fang, 



talon; ffig.J ivpadc w czyjz *.y, to 

fall into the clutches of a person, 
szpryclla^, <vka*i syringe, squirt, 

clyster-pipe. 
szpryclia*', spoke, 
szpulka*", bobbin, 
szpunt '^ bung; bunghole. •,0- 

wa6 ^^ to bung, 
szrama \ slash, scratch, scar. [pi. 
szrankipZ., listspZ., arena, bounds 
szron 1; hoar-frost. *iec ^? to 
8zr6t . , ., vid. sr6t , . , [rime. 



sztych 297 

szta"b "IJ fmil.J staff, field-officers ; 
^ gtdwny, staff. «»owy ^ oficef 
•»•., statf-ofiicer. 

sztaba^» bar; m, zelaza, iron-bar? 
ztoto w -*.ch, ingot of gold. 

sztallclietyi?^, --kietyi^i., railings 
fence. 

sztafeta^, courrier, express. 

sztak "^ (mar. J stay. 

sztalugi pi., fmal.J easel. 

sztandar "", standard, banner. 

szterling "^ sterling. 

sztokfisz, vid. stokfisz. [stulm. 

SZtolnia ^, (min.J adit, gallery, 

sztorcem <^? on end, with sharp 
point. 

sztos "^ a play at cards; a good 
or bad run at cards; hy6 w •-ie, 
to be in good humour. 

sztncii'er, Mec '^ short rifle or gun. 

sztuciec ^ cover (knife, fork, 
spoon etc.), case, box. ' [turn. 

sztuczka *", small piece; (^/ig.^trick, 

sztucznltie "-} artificially, skil- 
fully, curiously. •-OSC ^, artifi- 
cialness, artfulness, ^.y ^ arti- 
ficial, skilful, artful; false, made. 

sztufada^, stewed meat 

sztuklla ^, piece, part ; art; contri- 
vance, skill; trick, turn ; (teatral' 
naj play ; *a mipsa, boiled beef; 
piece of meat; ».i piekne, fine 
arts; smiaia ^a, audacious fellow; 
lo -*a, it is not easy; the diffi- 
culty is . . . -.aterye pi-, stucco- 
work, stucco, -ator "^ stucco- 
worker, stuccoer. -*ini8txz " 
artist, juggler, -•owac ""^ to 
patch (up), piece. 

szturchllac, -nac ^" to thrust, 
jostle, push, elbow, ^anlec ^ 
thrust, push. 

szturm ^y storm, assault, onset; 
iizigJ6 (hra6j *.em, to take by 
storm, to force, •-ak "J morion, 
helmet; petard, ••owac ^? (do 
miastaj to stoim (a town); *.-• 
do drzwi, to knock strongly at 
the doors 

sztych '^ stab, thrust; print 



298 sztycharski 

engraving. -»arski " engraver's. 
-ai-stWO 7 engraving, -.arz ^ 
engraver. •.owac'^fV to engrave. 

ezty^lcik, -^t ^ tag, peg, pin. 

sztylet ^ stiletto, dagger, poniard. 

sztywnllie «? stiffly, •.iec ^t" to 
get numbed , to stiffen, -wosc ^, 
stiffness ; (fig J pedantry, formali- 
ty. «^y ^ stiff, inflexible; ffig.J 

szuba^, furred cloak, [pedantic. 

szubieniilca ^, gallows, gibbet. 
"'Cznik ^5 gallows-bird. *.czny " 
of tbe gallows. [scoundrel. 

szubrawiec "^ blackguard, scamp, 

szuflila ^, shovel, ^owac ^f" to 
shovel. [drawer. 

szufladlla^, drawer, •.ka*", small 

SZUJa ^, ragamuffin, rascal, knave. 

SZUkaC ""^ (czego lub IcogoJ to 
search , seek (for) , to look (out) 
for; to go in quest; isc •., to go 
to fetch. 

sznler"^ gambler, gamester. *.ka^, 
female gambler; gambling, foul 
play at cards, -^nia ^, gaming- 
house, gambling- hell. *.ski ^ 
gambler's. *stW0 1 passion for 
gambling. 

szum ^ noise, whirring; roar, 
blast; ». w uszach, tingling in tlie 
ears, ^iec '^V" to roar, bluster; 
(fig. J to live a wild life; *i mi 
w uszach, my ears ring. -*.ka ^, 
song, ditty, •.nie, ^no ^^ noisely, 
obstreperously , clamorously ; 
pompously. ~nOSC ^, noisiness; 
pompousness, pomposity. *.ny ^ 
noisy, obstreperous, clamorous, 
blusterous; pompous, full of dis- 
play, •-owac ""^V t*^ scum, skim ; 
froth, sparkle, •-owillyjpi., scum, 
scummings jpl. 

BZUrgllaC, -Otac ""? (nogamij to 
shove (the feet), •-ot '^ slattern ; 
cracking noise, shove. 

szTirpaty " rugged, bristly. 

Rznst *, bounce! [whim. 

I IZTist ^ sudden start, bounce; 
teuwaks ™ blacking for shoes. 



szyjka< 

szwaczka ^, seamstress, needle- 
szwadron ^ squadron, [woman, 
szwagllier ^ brother - in - law. 

-"rostwo " affinity by marriage; 

brother - in - law and his wife. 

'-rowa*', sister-in-law. ^~^ 

szwajca*", bodkin, puncher, 
szwajcar "^ porter, door-keeper, 

mace-bearer. [room, 

szwalnia^, seamstress's working- 
szwank '^ hurt, harm, damage; 

narazic na «*- , to occasion 



damage, -owac 



to suffer, 



sustain a loss; make a false step, 

stumble. [smuggle in, run. 

ezwarCOWac'^^ to black ; (towary) 



szwargot 



gibberish, jabber. 



-ac'*^, to jabber; talk gibberish. 

szwedac sie '"X to stroll, ramble. 

szyb'' ™ pit,^shaft. 

szyba^, pane. 

szybkiji ? quick, swift, fleet, rapid. 
-0 «p swiftly, speedly. -.obieg "^ 
runner, ••osc*', quickness, swifti- 
ness, velocity, 

szybowac ^*/ to soar. 

szyilc'^'? to sew, stitch; (f.g.) m.Q 
komu hoty, to contrive a person's 
ruin, •^cie'^ sewing; needle-work. 

szych '^ galloon of sham-gold or 
silver; sham gold or silver. 

szychta^i layer, stratum. _ 

szydefko "J small awl; crotchet- 
needle, -^wac '^\^ to work in 
crotchet, -.wy , *'Wa, robota, 
crotchet-work. 

szyderiica ^ scoffer, sneerer, scor- 
ner, mocker, -^czy, -sM ^ scof- 
fing, jeering, sarcastic. «*CZ0, 
•-sko "? scoffiugly, jeeringly. 
•"Stwo ^ scoff, derision, raillery. 

szydio " awl, puncher. •'Waty ?■ 
awl-shaped. 

szydzic '^\^ (z kogoj to scoff, sneer, 
jeer at, to deride. 

szyjli'a*", neck; throat; (fig J life, 
na ieh na •.^j over head and ears. 
'*ka\ little neck; fkieliszkaj i\xQ 
foot (of a glass); (u tkrzypcdwj 
finger-board. 



szyk 

flzyk "^ oruer; (hojowy) array; 
elegance, chic ; (gram-J position ; 
pomieszac ^i, to put. out of order, 
to thwart one's designs; z szy- 
kiem, elegantly. 

szykanlla *", cavilling; chicanery; 
shutlliug. -.owac'^?^ to ohicane, 
shuffle, cavil. 

szykowllac ^? to range , put in 
order , draw up ; prepare. ~ •« 
sie'^^r to prepare oneself, -^me **? 
elegantly, --nosc^, elegance, chic, 
•-ny " elegant, fashionable. 

szyld ^, sign-board, shop-bill. 

szyldwacli '^ sentinel, sentry> 

szyl(d)kret '" tortoise-shell, -o- 
wy ? (made) of tortoise shell.' 

szyiing ^J shilling. , 

szympans "^ C^oJ chimpanzee. 

szyna *, bar, *. zelaza iron-bar.- 

szynal ^ wheel-nail. 

Szynel "^ military cloak. 

szynk 'y ale-house. *.arka *", ale- 
wife, •-arstwo ^ trade of an 
tavern-keeper. *.arz ^ tavern, 
keeper, tapster, ^-owac '"V' to 
keep an ale-house, to sell liquors. 
«^OWllia *i ale - house , tavern. 
--owny, -"Owy ^ of tavern, ale- 
house . . . ; scurrilous. 

szynka^, ham. _ 

szyper "^ skipper. *.ski ^ skip- 
per's, -.stwo 1 skipper's pro- 
fession. > 

szypu^ka^, peduncle; quill. 

szyszak ™ helm, helmet. 

szyszkii'a ^, cone, strobile; ^a, 
aosnowa , pind - cone, -•-owy f 
coniferous, coniform. 

szyty " sewed, stitched. 

T. 

ta ^^ fern, od (en. - 
tabaczllarz, --nik 'IJ snuff-taker. 

•-kowy ? snufii'-coloured. •-ny " 

of tabacco; of snuff, 
tabaklla ^, snuff; zazywac •-e, to 

take snuff. <*iera, -•'ierka *". 

•nuff-box. 



taksowa6 



299 



tabela*i table, index. 

tablilica ', table, large board, 
-.czka ^, {"do pisania )t&h\ei; paste; 
(czekclady), cake (of chocol te); 
^m.mnoztnia, multiplication table. 

tabor "^ camp; intrenched quar- 
ters; train. 

taborellt, -cik 'J a low stool, 

tabun ^ stud (in steppes). 

taclla ^, tea-tray, coffee -tray, 
-^ka ^, small tea-tray, small coffee- 
tray. 

taczllac si§ ^f to wallow, roll, 
stagger. -*.karz "^ wheelbarrow- 
man. . •■ki pi. , wheelbarrow, 
barrow; skazac do ^-ek, to con- 
demn to hard-labour. 

tafllla ^, square, tablet, plate; Cu 
drzwij panel, •^owac^" to board, 
wainscot, panel, -vowy ^ plate ... 

tafta*', taffeta. 

taic ""f (przed kirn) to hide, con- 
ceal from, keep secret. •- sie ""V 

tajec ^** to thaw. [to abscond. 

tajemnllica *", mystery, secret, 
••iczosc ^, mysteriousness , se- 
cretness, -^iczy " mysterious, 
mysterial. -ie «p secretly, pri- 
vately, underhand, -.y^ secret; 
occult, clandestine, underhand. 

tajnllie, -"O ^^ secretly, under- 
hand, •.ik '^ secret, recess. 
"^OSC*", clandf>stinlty, secrecy, -^y? 
secret; clandestine, occult; •-y 
radca, privy counsellor; --e zgro- 
madzenie, conventicle. 

tak <*? thus, in this way; aye, 
yes; so; i -i. dalej , and so on; 
•. zfi, m> iz , so that; *. ... jak, 
as ... as. •.!, •'Owy " such; co 
to -iego? what is that? what 
does it mean? -%.i sam, the very 
same; jaki pan, taki kram, like 
master, like man. -.iz ?' just 
such as. •.o "-? jako •-o, so so , 
tolerably well, passably. •'OZ. 
-ze "? alike, likewise. 

takslla *", rate, assessment, -.ator ^ 
valuer, appraiser. -»owac ^? to 
fix the price, tax, assess.. 



300 



takt 



takt" Cmuz. J time, nieasure; ffig.J 

nice, discernment, sense, tact. 

•.OWny " full of tact, well-ad- 

Tised ; tvyhijac •- , to beat time, 
•-yczny , tactical, •.yk '^ tac- 
tician, ^yka^, tactics. 

takze "-} also, too; likwise; ("wy~ 

chodzisz), i ja •-, (you are going 

out), so am I. 

talar "^ (German) dollar, thaler; 
robe (official dress), --ek ^ (n. 

p. cytrynyj round slice. 

talaiajstwo ^ rabble, tag-rag. 

talent ™ talent; accomplishment, 

■ capacity, parts pi. 

talerz ^, plate; *. giehokij soup- 
plate ; ^/i^r.^ ^m;?/Jo2?/c cOy/ja/c no ^-u, 
. . . quite plainly, •.yk "^ desserl- 
plate. 

talia*'. waist, stature; ^fcar<> pack 
(of cards). 

talizman ^ talisman, 

talk ^1 mineral talc. 

talmud i; Talmud. 

tarn <*? there; kto *. ? who is there ? 
CO m,\ I care not, never mind; 
gdzie m,\ by no means; no such 
thing! 

tama ^, dam, dike, mole; Cfig.J 
check, restraint. 

tamaryndlla ^, tamarind, -.owy f 
•-owe drzewo, tamarind, tama- 
rind-tree. " 

tamaryszek "^ tamarisk. 

tameczny " of that place, there. 

tamowaliC ^?^ frzekpj to dam ; (fig J 
to check, put a stop, impede, 
••nie ^ frzekij damming; (fig J 
hinder an ce. 

tampon "^ (chir.) bolster. 

tamlltedy "^ that way, •-teiszy f 
of that place, •^ten^'^ yonder, 
the former, that; «>•«> swiat, the 
other world, the world -to -be. 
m,iQ ccd in that very place (also). 

tan "^ (czfSciejJ •.y pl.^ dance, 
dancing. •'Cerka *, (female) 
dancer, •.cerz '^ dancer, •.c- 
mistrz ™ dancing-master. 

Ibanllcowac, --czyc ^"f to dance, 



' targowa6 

tandellciarka ^, .(female) deale* 

in second-hand goods, ••ciarz '^ 
old-clothesman, dealer in old 
furniture, -.ta ^, old clothes, 
second hand goods. 

tanllecznica ^, (female) dancer. 
-«ecznik "7 dancer, -^.eczny ^ 
dancing ... -^iec ^•> dance; (med.J 
•»•» Sw. Wita, St. Vitus' dance. 

tani " cheap, low-priced, --ec ^? 
to grow cheap, fall in price. 
^0 »^ cheaply, cheap. •'OSC ^, 
cheapness. 

tannina, vid. garbnik. 

tapczan '^ bed of boards, bunk, 

tapeta^. wall-paper, paper-hang- 
ings. 

tapicer '^ upholsterer, paper- 
hanger. -»ski " paper-hanger's. 

tapir "^ (zoj tapir. 

taraban "^ a great drum. 

taradaika^, gig, phaeton. 

taran ^ battering-ram. 

tarant "^ dapple- gray horse, •-o- 
w^ty " dapple, spotted, dapple- 
gray. 

tarantula' tarantula (spider). 

tarat)al!ty pZ., scrape, pickle, diffi- 
culty; hyc w ••tach, to stick in 
the mud, to be in a scrape. 

taras "^ terrace, platform of earth, 
•-owac ^'? to block up, barrio 
cade. M'OWO ^^ in the form oi 
a terrace. 

tardea^, deal, board, plank. 

tarcie "I rubbing, friction; *. n^ 
ryby the spawning time of fishes. 

tarczlla^, target; shield, buckler; 
(fig.) shelder, defence, protection; 
(heral.J coat, escutcheon ; strzelac 
do *y, to shoot at a mark. ~o- 
•waty ^ scutiform. ~owy ? 
shield . . . 

targ "^ market; market-place; 
dobic -i^n, to strike a bargain. 

targrllac, -^nac '"f to touse, tousle, 
pull, tear ; i^nac sip na dzyje zycUf 
to attempt a man's hfe, to make 
an attempt upon a man's life. 

targowllac ^? to bargain for a 



targowe 

thing, cheapen, chaffer, ••e 7 
stallage ; marketings jd. -wisko 'J 
market-place. *.y " of the mar- 
ket; cena •.a, marketprice; dzien 
•.y, market-day. 

tarka^, gi-ater, rasp. 

tarlatan ™ tarlatan. 

tarlica^, flax-brake, brake. 

tarmosic "^f to pull and tug, 
to scuffle. ^ sie "^T to scuffle, 
squabble. "" [tree. 

tariln, -nina^, black-thorn, sloe- 

tarok ^ fgraj taroc. 

tartak '^ sawing-mill. 

tartan ^ (materyaj tartan. 

tartas ™ bustle, hubbub, uproar. 

tarty ^ ground, bruised. 

taryfa^, tariff, rate. 

tarzac '"^ to roll. -. sie ^f ^"^ 
biociej to wallow, to welter (in 
mud). 

tasak '^ chopping- knife; cutlas. 

tasiemli'iec ^ solitary worm, tape- 
worm, -.ka, tasma*", tape, lace. 

tasowac "^f (kartyj to shuffle (the 

tata'^ papa, /'/'am.^ daddy, [cards). 

tatarak 'y (hot.) sweet-flag, cala- 
mus. 

tatarllczanka ^, straw of buck- 
wheat, -czany ^ of buckwheat, 
-^czysko^ buckwheat-field. *.ka \ 
buckwheat. 

tatuilla, ^-nio, •-s "^ dear papa. 

tchliawica *", trachea, wind -pipe, 
•-em, ^-n, vid. deck. 

tchnllac ^"',* to breathe into, in- 
spiret to respire. *.ienieT breath. 

tch6rz "y fzoj polecat, fitchew; 
coward , poltroon. -^liwie "^ 
cowardly. <^liwy ^ cowardly, 
paint- hearted, •.ostwo "J cow- 
ardice, poltroonery. <*owaty " 
a little cowardly, •-yc ^^ to 
behave like a coward. 

teatr "^ theatre, playhouse, the 
stage, -alnie "p theatrically. 
-^ainy ^ theatric(al) ; sztuka 
--alna, a play. 

technljac, -viec ^V- to cease swelling; 
to grow xuusty. 



ten 



301 



technliiczny " technic(al). -»ik '^ 
technologist, ^ika ^, technics. 
-►ologikaUechnology. -.ologicz- 
ny f technological. 

tecz!,'a *i rainbow. <»>6wka ^, (anat.)' 
iris, •-owv " rainbow-coloured. 

tedy "^ <fe 7 then ; therefore. 

tedy ^\ this way. 

teglli" hard, solid, strong, thick ; 
(jeidziec etc.) excellent; (zhna 
etc.) hard, severe ; hardy. -*o "p 
hard, strongly, very well, -^osc ^, 
hardness, strength, firmness; 
fmroTu etc.) severety. 

tegoilczesnosc *i actuelness, con- 
teiuporariness. •'Czesny f of 
this. time, present, contemporary, 
actual, •-roczny ^ of tliis year. 

teka ^, blotting -book, satchel; 
portfolio; (minister) bez teki, 
without department. 

tekst "^ text. 

tektura^, pasteboard. 

telefon "^ telephone. 

telega^, peasant's cart. 

telegrallf "i telegraph, -^ficznie «? 
telegraphically, -ficzny " tele- 
graphic(al); hiuro -.ficzne, tele- 
graph office, -.fowac ^'f to 
telegraph, wire, -.m '" telegram. 

teleskop i; telescope, (spy-)glass. 

tern, vid. im. 

temat '^ theme, subject. [belt. 

temhlak '^ sling, band; sword- 
temperament ",' temper, tempera- 
ment. 

temperilatnra^, temperature, -vo- 
wac ^" fpioro) to make (a pen); 
moderate. 

templarynsz "^ Templar- knight 

tempo ^ (muz.) time, measure. 

temsamem "? consequently. 

temn ^? Crok etc.) -., (a year etc.) 
ago. 

ten ^^ this; to prawda, that is 
right; kiedy tak, to dobrze, if it 

'^be so, I consent; -* a •-, such 
a one. such and such; dia tego, 
therefore; co ci do tego? it is not 
your business, it does not concern 



302 



tcnci 



tlo 



you; za io, for it; nic mi po tem, 
it is to me of no use ; coi z tego ? 
what avails? of what avail is it? 
what boots? 

tend ^1^ this one, this man. 

tendencya ^, tendency. 

tender '? (wagon zapasowy przy 
Lokoviotyioie) tender. 

tenor "^ tenor, •.owy ^ tenor . . . 
-••ysta "^ tenor(-singer). 

tentilacya^, temptation. *.owac^" 

1 10 tempt. [ling- 

lentent "^ clatter (of hoofs), tram p- 

tenuta ^, tenure, lease. [same. 

tenze (samj ^'^''^ the same, all the 

teokrallcya ^, theocracy, -.tycz- 
ny ^ theocratic(al). 

teologilla \ theology. -»czny ^ 
theologic(al). 

teorhan " (muzj archlute. 

teorlletycznie «-? theoretically/. 
~etyczny ^theoretic(al). -.etyk'^ 
theorist, ^-ya^, theory. 

t§pllic ^^ to blunt, to dull; (fig J 
dull; destroy, exterminate, ^-iec^" 
to grow blunt. *.o ^} bluntly, 
•■OSC ^, bluntness, dullness; -w*. 
umyslUy stupidity, •.y f blunt, 

terapia^, therapeutics. [dull. 

terallz ^f now, at present; na*z, 
for the present. *.zniejszosc ^, 
the present time. »*zniejszy " 
present, actual. 

tercerol "^ -^'a^, pocket-pistol. 

tercet "IJ t^uzj tiercet, trio. 

tercya *", (muzj tierce; the six- 
tieth part of a second ; (szkolyj 
third class, fw AngliiJ fourth- 
form. 

teresnia, vid. czeremia. 

terlica^, saddle-tree. 

''ermin ^i term, stated time ; word, 
expression; apprenticeship; od- 
dac kogo do «.n, to bind one 
apprentice ; ostatni -*, latest time. 
•vOlogia ^, terminology -owac^'f 
(u kogoj to be bound apprentice 
to .. . *.owanie ^ apprenticeship. 

termity;'i., termites, white ants. 

tennomstr ^ thermometer. 



teroryzm '^ terrorysm. 

terpentyn'la ^, turpentine, •.owy ? 
turpentine . . . ; olej * •. , oil of 
turpentine. [territory. 

terytoryllalny f territorial, ^um 7 

tesllc '^ father-in-law. •ciowa ^, 
mother-in-law. 

tgsknliic "^^ to yearn, pine, long 
(for). ^0 ««> languishingly; *.o 
mi, I long for. •.OSC, •'Ota *", 
yearning, intense longing. *.y ^ 
longing, languishing. 

testaliment "' will, last will; stary, 
nowy -».*., Old, New testament. 
^-mentowy? testamentary, ^tor™ 
testator. [to trample; pulsate. 

t^tllent ^, vid. lenient, -^nlc ^^ 

tetllnica ^, artery. -,no "i pulse; 
pulsation. 

tetrycznli'osc ^, peevishness, moro- 
sity. *,y ^ peevish, sullen, cross, 

tetryk'^ a peevish (cross) fellow. 

ttt «? also. 

teza^, thesis. 

tezec '^"' to grow hard or stiff. 

tf znia ^, graduation-works. 

tjul 'y net- lace. 

tkallc ""f to weave; cram, stuff. 
-ckL V^ of a weaver, -.ctwo ♦ 
weaving business, weaver's trade. 
-^CZ '^ weaver. -.Inia ^, work- 
room of a weaver. «wnina ^, web, 
texture, tissue. *«nka *", tissue; 
<«<» pajpcza, cobweb, •'ny ^<fe? 
woven. 

tkliwjiie <*? touchingly, tenderly. 
'^OSC ^, tenderness, sensibility. 
*»y " tender-hearted, sensible, 
moving, affecting. 

tknilac ""f — sif ^r to touch j 
injure, hurt; move (a person), 
--ifty ^ &^ touched, hit, struck; 
moved, affected ; (chorohaj infec- 
ted with ... 

tkwic^^to stick, be involved in, 
be implicated. [glimmer. 

tilled ^f -ic sie '^f to burn faintly, 

tlen "^ oxygen. 

tio \ the ground (of a picture). 



ttoczek 

tloczliek 'J piston, --enie 7 pres- 
sure, pressing, -.nia *", press; 
printing-press. *.ony ^ <£ " prin- 
ted ; pressed. *.yc ^f to thrust, 
force into; press, compress; 
print. •.*. sie ^r to crowd in, 
intrude into a'"place ; go through 
the crowd, [a pump. 

ttok ^ throng, crowd; sucker of 

tibmacz ^ interpreter, dragoman, 
translator, •-enie 1 interpreta- 
tion, explanation; translation. 
•"* si§ "J justification, exculpa- 
tion, -yc ^" to interpret, ex- 
plain, expound; translate; to 
exculpate, excuse. •.*. sie "^f 
to apologise, excuse oneself. *■ 

tlomollczek "^ bundle, packet. 
-.k "^ travelling bag, luggage. 

ttullc '"'^ to grind, pound, crush; 
beat, knock, strike; break, •-c 
sie ^r to be smashed to pieces; 
stray, rove., -vczek '^ pestle, 
pounder. m.czOTiy ^ <S:^ Cciikler J 
pounded, ^k"^ pestle; strumpet, 
prostitute. 

tium '^ crowd, throng; swarm, 
multitude, great number. 

tlumacz etc., vid. ttomacz etc. 

tlumilic ^" to stifle, smother; 
restrain, put down, -•-ik '^ fmuz.J 
sordine, -^nie, -'HO "^? tumul- 
tuously, in crowds, crowdedly; 
vi*- <w sif. gromadzic, to crowd, 
throng, flock, •-ny " tumul- 
tuary, crowded. 

tlllllscic ^f to grease, smear with 
grease, ^sciec ^f to grow fat, 
thicken. 

ttustliawy f a little fat, fatty. 
•-0 ^^ fatly, -.osc*", fat, grease, 
fattness. *.y f fat, greasy; fo 
aiemij fertile, *.y zart , a coarse 
Cbawdy) joke. 

tluszcz '" fat, grease. 

tluszcza*", mob, rabble. 

tue, praes. od ciac. 

to 2^^«ap^ a that; then; -v...*..., 
now ... then ..., sometimes ... 
sometimes . . . ; i *., and that. 



topnisty 



305 



'toaletlla ', toilet, dressing-table; 
CtibiorJ dress, •owy? dressing ..., 
fancy . . . 

toast '^ health, toast. 

toboila pi., small luggage. 

toczllenie " turning, rolling; whet 
-ony P & f turned; whetted; 
sharpened; eaten, '"jt^^ to roll, 
wheel ; (o robactwiej to eat, worm ; 
(nozej to grind ; (wino) to draw ; 
(wojne) to wage or make. *.«» 
si§ , to roll, turn about; be 
managed ; flow, stream, -.ydio \ 
grindstone, whetstone. 

toga V toga, robe. 

toiad ^ (hot.) wolfs-bane, aconite 

tOK'^ course, progress; lance-rest* 
(ciala) stature; (sprawaj w -vti, 
in full swing. 

tokaj "^ Tokay-wine. 

tokali'mia^, turner's shop, ••rski? 
turner's, •.rstwo ^ turnery. *.rz7 
turner. 

tokowllac '*^V' to pair, couple, 
-"isko \ the place where bustards 
are pairing. 

tolerancya ^, toleration. 

torn '^ volume, tome. 

tombak "^ tombac , red brass, 
-^owy f made of tombac. 

tomik "^ little volume. 

ton ^ (muz. & fig. J tone; voice, 
sound; nadawac -^, to give the 
tone, to play the first fiddle, to 
set the fashion. 

toiln \ deep, depth, whirlpool; 
haul or draught of fish; extre- 
mity, difificulties pi. •.nac ""V" to 
sink, to be well nigh drowned; 
ffig.J to be absorbed in ... 

topaz '^J topaz. 

topliic ^" to drown; melt, dissolve. 
•'<*' si§^r to be well nigh drow- 
ned. *.iel *", abyss , bottomless 
depth, -ielec ™ drowned man; 
water-spirit, •.ieluica *", drowned 
woman ; undine, -.ienie " drown- 
ing; melting. •»•. sif " drown- 
ing; fusion, -liwosc, -nistosc ^. 
fusibility. -liwy, --iiisty ^* 



304 



topnie^ 



fusible, liquefiable. •-niec ^^ to 
melt, become liquid. 

topograf '^ topographer. -,ia ^, 
topography. -*iczny " topo- 
grapbic(al). 

topollla ^, poplar(-tree). --ina ^, 
poplar (wood), -vowy f of a 
poplar, poplar . . . 

topilor "^ (large) axe, executioner's 
axe. -vorek "^ hatchet. -rO- 
rzysko ^ the helve of an axe. 

tor "^ beaten road , path ; fkole- 
jowyj railway, line. 

tei^a^, wallet, bag, pouch; -^ba 
raySliwska ; sportsman's pouch, 
gamebag; pojsc z -.bami, to be 
reduced to beggary, -vebka^, a 
little bag, pouch; capsule, pod, 

torf"!? turf, peat, -^owiec "^ bog- 
moss, sphagnum. *.owisko " 
turf-pit, peat-bog. -.owy ^ turfy. 

tomister "' knapsack. 

torowac ^'" to open or clear the 
way, to- fight the way. 

torpedy pi., torpedos pi. 

tori; 'IJ tart, pie. 

tortmry pi., torture, rack; wziac 
na ~, to put to rack. 

totumfacki "^ factotum, jack of 
all trades. [chandise. 

towar ^ ware, commodity, mer- 

towarzyilski ? social, sociable, 
friendly. ^sko <^? sociably; 
kindly, obligingly.' *.skosc ^, 
sociability, good fellowship. 
«^StW0 ^ society; company; part- 
nership.* •-sz ™ companion, fel- 
low, mate, attendant; <^m. hroni, 
companion in arms ; -*,sz podroiy, 
travelling-companion, ^.szenie \' 
accompanying ; (muz.) accom- 
paniment, ••szka*", female com- 
panion, mate. *. «. zycia, partner 



for life. 



'Szyc 



Ckomu) to 



accompany, bear company, at- 
tra, -.c, vid. trzec. [tend. 

tOZ **? for all that; then; •. samo, 

the same, all one. <«saiuosc \ 

identity , sameness, -vsamy ^ 

identical 



traktat 

trablla^, trumpet, horn; (slonia) 
trunk, proboscis; Cvulg.J snout, 
muzzie; ^a morska , waterspout, 
-ic ^f to sound, blow the trum- 
pet; to drink deep; *-•.«« od- 
wrot, to sound the retreat, ^.ka*", 
horn, bugle, small trumpet; «. -^ 
sluchowa, ear-trumpet, hearing- 
trumpet. 

tracic "^^ to lose ; (mamowacj to 
squander, waste; (na czemj to 
be a loser ; (zioczyncej to execute ; 
(fig. J '» giowe, to lose one's wits. 



tracilac, --ic 

jostle, strike, 
into collision. 



to jog, shake, 



sie 



'IC 



(czemJ to 



savour of a thing, smell of, 

relish of. [(^o.J saw-fish, 

tracz '^ sawer, sawyer; saw-mill; 
trad ^ leprosy. 
tradowac '^'^ (jur.J to seize. 
tradycliya *", tradition, --yjny f 

traditional, 
traf^ hap, hit, chance; accident, 

hazard, •.em, by chance, acci- 



dentally. *.iac,-^ic 



to hit, 



strike; (mal.J hit off, draw verj 
like. -V ^ sie'^r to occur, happen ; 
-%.ic do domu, to find the v/ay 
home; jtzeli sip trafi, if it should 
happen, ••iony ^ &^ hit, struck ; 
(mal.J hit off, very like. <^nie ^} 
to the purpose, pertinently. -» 
nose ^, justness, accuracy, exact- 
ness, •'iiy" accurate, just, exact; 
pertinent, •.unek",' hap, chance, 
accident, hap-hazard. -^unkowy" 
accidental. 

trafika *", tabacco-shop, 

tragilarz '^ porter, luggage-man. 
*.i pL, hand-barrow, litter. 

tragedya^, tragedy. 

tragicznilie ^^ tragically. *.osc *", 
tragicalness, *.y " tragic(al). 

tragik ';' tragedian; tragic poet. 
*omedya ^, tragicomedy. •.Q- 
miczny " tragicomic(al). 

trakt "^ highway, great road, •la- 
ment '^ treat(inent); servant's, 
wages, pay. *-at '^ treaty; treatise. 



traktowa6 

dissertation. A^owac ^f to treat, 
entertain; treat, deal, handle. 
-'Owanie ^ treatment, pyemia ^, 
eating-house,cook-shop;ordinary. 

tram^ beam; /^/nar.y^keel, carceen. 

tramp olina *", jumping-board. 

tramwaj "^ tramway, tram-road. 

tran '^ whale-oil, train-oil. 

transport '^ carriage, transport- 
ing, -^owac ^^ to carry, con- 
vey, transport. -»owy ? statek 
•»*., transport-ship. 

tranzakcya *", fjur.j transaction. 

tranzyt";; transit. *owy" tran- 

trapez '^ trapeze. [sit ... 

trapllic ""? to vex, plague, tor- 
ment, pester. - •. si§ ^r to grieve, 
be grieved, •.iciel "^ aflflictor, 
tormentor. 

trasant ^ fxvekslu) drawer. 

tratowac ^" to trample upon. 

tratwa^, raft. 

trawlia^, grass, -iasty" grassy, 
gramineous. *.ka ^, a blade of 
grass, •^nik "^ lawn, grass-plot. 
-^-Ozemy ^ herbivorous. 

trawillc *^" to digest; consume, 
destroy; (czas etc.) spend, ^enie ^ 
digestion; (niszczeniej cousump- 

tre,^^f od trzec. [tion. 

trebacz "^ trumpeter. 

tredowa!!ciec ^'f to become lep- 
rous. *.t0SC \ leprosity. -ty f 
leprous, lepered. 

trefic '^f fwlosyj to curl. 

trefl ^ Cto kartachj clubs pi. 

trefnis '^ wag, jester. 

trel ^ trill, quaver. -*.owac ^"^ 
to trill, quaver. 

tremo ^ pier-glass. 

treii "7 dirge, song of lamentation; 
train, trail. 

trepan ^^ fchir.) trepan.' 

trepki pi., sandals pi. 

tresc ^t quintessence, substance; 
purport, contents, summary. 

tresciwilie «? succinctly, con- 
cisely. *osc^, succinctness, con- 
•:isenes3. •.y ^ succinct, concise. 
Cz^ii polsko-angielska. 



troszczyd si^ 305 

tresowac ^f to break in, train, 

trezla ^, bridle, snufile-bit. [form. 

trochlla ^, a bit, a little; po *u, 
po trosze, .by little and little. 
•^^ «c> a little, a bit, not much. 

trociczka ^\ pastil (for fumigation). 

trocinj^ pL, saw-dust 

troczyc '^f to bind with straps, 
to strap. 

trojak '^ about half a penny. 
'-ipl.f triplets jjl. -.i ^ of three 
difterent kinds, triple, threefold. 
^0 «f in three different manners. 

tr!!6jbarwny ^ three-coloured, 
tricolour. •roic "f to treble, 
make thrice as much. <«6jca ^, 
trinity. 

trojile " three. -etapZ., triplets 2)3. 

tr6il!glowy f three -headed, m, 
graniasty ^ three - cornered, 
^-ka *", three; team of three horses; 
tern, trey, •-kat "^ triangle. « 
katny " triangular, •.kolorowy, 
lid. trojharwny. -.listny f trifo- 
liate. ->.nas6b"?three times as 
much ; ty *. •, , tripl)'. <»n6g 'y 
tripod. *.zab '^ trident. 

troisiltosc C triplicity. ^.ty f 
triple, threefold, triplicate. 

troki pi., straps pi 

tron ^ throne; wyniesc na -^, to 
raise to the throne, to enthrone, 
•-owy " mowa *.owa, speech 
from the throne. 

trop "^ track, '•trace, trail ; lic w •., 
to, track, follow the scent of. 
-*.ic '^^ to track, trail, to follow 
by the track, •-iczny ^ fobra- 
zowyj tropical. 

troskjla ^, care; affliction, anxiety. 
«^ac Sig , vid. troszczyc sie.. *.li- 
wie '^p carefully, -^liwosc ^, 
carefulness, anxiety, solicitude. 
••liwy " careful, solicitous, ten- 
der, anxious. 

troszczyc sif ^f fo ^ogo, o coj to 
care for, to be concerned at; to 
trouble oneself; to be grieved, 
grieve. 

20 



306 



troszka 



troszllka -eczka^i a little. 

trotuar '^ footway, pavement. 

true ^" to poison. 

truchlec ^V' ^o tremble, be struck 
with consternation. 

truchllcik, -t "^ trot. 

trucillciel '^ -.cielka *", poisoner, 
^zna *", poison, bane. *.znowy ? 
poisonous. 

trulld "^ fatigue, pains, labour, toil. 
•vdnic si§ ^f fczemj to be em- 
ployed in , be busy with , follow 
a profession, *.dliO '^^ not easily, 
with difficulty; to *.dno, I cannot 
help it. <*.dnosc ^, difficulty. 
•-dny " difficult, hard, not easy, 
•"dzic ^'^ to tire, fatigue, weary; 
give trouble, disturb. •. •. si§ ^f 
to take pains; to work hard. 

trufla*; truffle. 

trujacy ? poisonous. 

trumna\ coffin, bier. 

trunek "^ drink, liquor. 

trup 'C corpse, dead body; polozyc 
•-eni) to kill, to murder *.i^ ca- 
daverous, dead-like ; *.ia gtowka, 
(zo.) sphinx atropos. " 

trnpa \ company, troop; m. we~ 
drowna, strolling company. 

trulls '^ -'Sia ^, lamb (of persons), 

truskawka *i a garden strawberry 

truten'^ drone, humble-bee; idler, 
blockhead. 

trutka*", poisoned bait. 

trutynowac ^" to consider, sift. 

trwallc "^^ to last, continue; (xu 
cztmj persist, persevere in, -vie ^? 
lastingly, constantly, -^iosc ^, 
durability, lastingness. *.ly '^ 
lasting, durable, constant; solid, 
persevering. *.nie "J duration; 
(w C/itm) perseverance. 

trwoga *", fi ight, alarm, alarum ; 
trahic na trwogf, to beat an alarm. 

trwonic ^? to waste, squander 
away, spend. 

trwozllliwosc ^, timidity, timo- 
rouaness, shyness. *.liwy ^ timid, 
timorous, shy. .-ny ? alarming. 



fearful , terrible. 



-yc 



to 



trzebiez 

frigkten, alarm. *.-* si§ ^f to 
bo alarmed. 

tryb ™ mode, manner, way ; (gram.) 
mood; driving-wheel. 

trybularz "^ censer. 

trybun "^ tribune, •.a^, tribune^ 
platform; (na wyscigachj standi 
-vat ^ tribunal, court. *alski ? 
of the tribunal, of the court. 

trybuszon "J cork-screw. 

trychina^, trichina. 

trygonometrylla*", trigonometry. 
'•'Czny f trigonometrical. 

tryk "^ Czoj ram. -^ac '"'^ to 
strike with the head or horns 
(as a ram), to butt. 

trykoty pi., knitting-work. 

tryks "^ the butt (with head or 

trylion '^ trillion [horns). 

tryper ^ (med.) gonorrhoea. 

trysllkac, ^-nac '^^ to spout, gush 
out, break forth. 

tryumf "IJ triumph, -.alny ? 
triumphal, triumphant, -^ator 'J 
triumpher. ^-owac^V^ to triumph. 

tryumwirat "^ triumvirate. 

trywialnllosc \ triviality, -.y f 
trivial, trite, 

trzasc ^^? to shake; (o powoziej 
to jolt. «. si§ ^r to shake, quake, 
shiver. [biczaj cracking. 

trzask ^ crack, crash, noise; (s 

trzaska^, splinter. 

trzasllkac, -►nac "^ to crack, 
crash, peal ; •- ^T z hicza, to crack a 
whip; *..*, drzwlami, to bang th^ 
door; - •. w pysk, to give a good 
box on the ear; onrdz -^kajacy, 
an exceedingly hard frost. 

trzcinlla \ reed, cane ; --a hamlu-^ 
.sowa, bamboo ; *.ac?<7^rojtJa, sugar- 
cane. *iany, -^owy " reed .,., 
reedy, -visty " reedy, abounding 
with reeds, -.ka ^, little reed; 
cane-stick, -^nik '" reed-sparrow. 

trzeba ^^-^ it is necessary ; *. mi 
pujsc, I must go 

trzebillc "^f to clear (a wood); 
(fig. J destroy, vez *", clearing. 



trze6 

trzec ^f to rub, grind; flenj to 
break. *> si§ ^ Co ryhachj to 
spawn. 

trzellchsetny '^ threehundredth. 
••chtysiaczny f three thou- 
sandth, -^ci ?" third, -..j, *.cll| num., 
three. 

trzepajlc^f to dust; (fig J to rattle 
off. *.czka ^, duster, dusting 
brush, -^nina, •nka ^, thrashing, 
cudgelling. 

trzepiotac ^? to flap the wings, 
flutter. • si§ ^r to flutter. 

trzepnac '"'f to strike, give a blow. 

trz§sl!awica *i -^awisko 'J quag- 
mire, morass, -ienie i shaking; 
m, m, ziemi, earthquake. »»> -* 8i§ * 
trembling, shivering, •'ionka \ 
the shivers j?l. 

trzeszczec ^? to crackle, crack. 

trzewllapi., bowels 2?^., entrails i>J., 
guts pi. -..o"V7y " intestinal. 

trzewillczek "^ small shoe, -k"^ 
shoe. 

trzezwllic '"? to sober, bring to 
senses; make sober. -^iec ^? 
to get sober; recover from, be 
cured (of). «,osc ^, sobriety, 
temperance. *.y f sober. 

trzmiel"^ black bee, bumble-bee. 

trzmielina *", spindle-tree. 

trznadel "", fortij ortolan, yellow 
bunting. 

trzodlla *i herd, drove, flock, cattle, 
•'liyf herd...; <«« baran, bell- 
wether. 

trzon ^j handle, hilt, haft; fgrzyla) 
stipe. -,ek '^ handle, helve, -.q- 
wy "? zah ~~, grinder, molar 
(tooth), jaw-tooth. 

trzos '^ leathern money-bag, belt 
for money. 

trzpiot " giddy-head, a fickle per- 
son, .^ac si§ ^r to flit, flutter. 
-•Owatosc^, fickleness, volatility. 
•'Owaty f heedless, inconsiderate, 
volatile. 

trzy, nuwi., three; plei6 *. po •, 
to speak nonsense. 

trzylldniowy f lasting three days, 



turn 



301 



tertian. <»'dziesci, num.f thirty. 
^dziestka ^, thirty, -dziesto- 
letni " lasting thirty years, 
thirty years', ••dziesty ? thir- 
tieth, •.godzinny f lasting three 
hours, -rfaroc, <*krotnie <*^ three 
times, thrice. -*letlli ^ three 
years old ; triennial, lasting three 
years. 

trzymac ^? to hold, keep ; (z TcimJ 
to side with a person ; •. dc 
chrztUf to stand godfather, god- 
mother for a child; •. jpzyk za 
zphami, to hold one's tongue; 
•. o kirn dohrze, to entertain a good 
opinion of one. •- 8i§ ^f to lay 
hold, hold by; (cztgo) to abide 
by, stick, to follow; to hold out; 
•. fiif prosto, to stand straight. 

trzyllnascie, num., thirteen. •• 
nastoletni ? of thirteen years, 
•^nasty ^ thirteenth. *.pi§tro- 
wy " three stories high. 

trzysta, num., three hundred. 

tu <*? here, hither; in this case; 
m, i tarHy to and fro. 

tuba^, speaking-trumpet. 

tnberkuty, vid. gruzUca. 

tnbylllczy f indigenous, native. 
*ec ^ native. 

tncz, -^a ^, fodder for masting, 
-^iec ^? to grow fat, -wxiosc^t 
fatness, --ny " fat, good for 
fattening, -.ony ^ <fe f fattened. 
*yc ^^ to feed, fatten. [well. 

tndziez "? also, likewise, too, as 

tnia \ tree of life, arbor vitae. 

tukan ^ Com.J toucan. 

tuiallc 6i§ ^T to wander about, 
lead a wandering life. *cki, 
••czy f wandering. •-ctwo " 
wandering life, •-cz "^ wanderer, 
refugee. 

tnlejka^, socket, nozzle. 

tulic ^" to seek to- calm, soothe, 
to clasp to one's bosom. *. slf T 
to cling close, press to the heart. 

talipan ™ tulip. 

tat6w ^ the trunk of a body. 

tarn ^ cathedral, principal church. 



308 



tumak 



tumak 'T (zo.) pine-marten. 

tuman "^ dust-cloud ; mist, -wic '^^ 
to throw dust in one's eyes. 

tunczyk ",' (rxjhaj tunny. 

tunel ^ tunnel. 

tunika*", tunic. 

tupllac, '•'iiac^',^ fnoga) to stamp 
with the feet, trample. 

tur "^ bull. 

turb'lacya ^, trouble, disquietude. 
•<Owac "^ to trouble, disturb. 
•'•' si§ "^X (o CO J to be uneasy 
concerning a thing. 

turban "^ turban. 

turbina \ turbine, vortex-wheel. 

turkawka \ turtle-dove, turtle- 
pigeon. 

turkot *? rattle, clatter. *ac ^V 
to rattle. [turquoise. 

turkus ^ turquoise, -owy " of 

turma*", dungeon, jail. 

turmalin '^ tourmaline. 

turniej'^ tournament, joust, match. 

turnum "? ballot, balloting. 

turysta ™ tourist, [horse-grass. 

turzyca ^, reed-grass, sword-grass, 

tus *, here you are! 

tUSZ "^ China ink. -owac ^f to 
draw with China ink. 

tuszlla^i corpulence; cziowiek dobrej 
"'Yi a portly man. 

tuszyc "^f (sohiej to hope, flatter 
one's self with a hope, expect 

tut'lai *^? here, --ejszy ^ of this 

tuz "^ ace. [place. 

tuz "? (przyj hard by, close to; 
m, poy next. [hackney. 

tuzin "^ dozen. *.kowy f sorry, 

tuzowac ^" to cuff. 

twardlawy " hardish. *.nac, 
-niec ^V' to harden, grow hard. 
•rO "p hard, harshly, rigorously, 
severely ; •-o spac, to sleep sound- 
ly. •'OSC *i hardness, solidity; 
severity. *.y ^ hard, rough; 
severe; fo wodziej hard. 

twar6g ^ cheese-curds. 

twarzs visage, face; do •y, be- 
coming, fitting, •.yczka *", pretty 
little face, •-ysko ^ ugly face. 



tylekro6 

twe ^*^f your, thy. [citadeL 

twierdza ^, stronghold, fortress, 

twierdzlienie "J assertion, affirraa- 
tion, statement; /^7/ia/ J theorem. 
••ic ^" to assert, affirm, main- 
tain. 

tw6j ^^ your, yours, thy, thine. 

twbr'^ creation, production, ••ca'" 
creator; maker, author. -.CZOSC 'i 
creative power, productiveness, 
-wczy " creative, productive, 
creating. 

tworzyc ^f to create, produce; 
make, compose, form. <«. sif ^f 
to arise, form oneself. 

ty ^'^V' you, thou. 

tyara^, tiara. 

tyllc '*^V' to grow fat, get flesh ; to 
pick up flesh. *.cie V growing fat 

tyczklla ^, pole, perch, -^owy ? 
*. -*. groch, (hot.) runner. 

tyczyc sif ^f fczego lub kogoj to 
concern, regard, have a reference, 
a relation to ; co sip tyczy, as for, 
with respect or regard to. 

tylldzieii (gen. tygodnia) " week; 
za ».*., in a week ; wielki •.-»., Holy 
week. Passion-week; od dzis za 
•.*., this day week, •^godnlk '^ 
weekly paper, weekly publication, 
-.godniowy " weekly. 

tyfus "I typhoid fever. 

tygiel ^ saucepan, crucible. 

tygrys "^ tiger. *i f tigerish, 
tiger...; •-la s^cJra, tiger- skin. 
-ica^, tigress. 

tyk "-? <*- tak, pit-a-pat. 

tyka*", pole, perch. [thou. 

tykac "^^ to touch; to thee-and- 

tykwa^, gourd, pumpkin. 

tyl^ back, backside; posteriors^X-; 
w tyle, z *.u, behind; ^-em, w *-, 
backwards; *» armii, the rear; 
wziac *» nieprzyjacielowiy to take 
the' enemy in the rear; i>^ okretu, 
stern, poop. <^ek ^ backside, 
buttock. 

tj'liie «p as much, as many, so 
quite as much. 



-ez 



aD 



'ekroc "i> so many times. 



tyli 

tyllii, •'M f «is large, as little, of 
such size, -ko "? only, merely, 
but; nothing but; •--* co, just 
now ; m. m. CO nie , nearly , well 
nigh; jak •.-•., skoro *.^, as soon 
as; CO -*-*, everything. 

tylljec '^ Cnoza etc. J back, •riiy ? 
of the back side, of the hinder 
part; *,na stroz, rear-guard. 

tylokrotniie "? so many times. 
•o-y f so many times repeated. 

tym ap the...; -r iewe/, so much 
the better. 

tymczas'lem «? meanwhile, in 
the mean time. '%'OWOSC ^, pro- 
visory state. *.owy " provisory, 
provisional. 

tymianek ™ thyme. 

tymotka ^, /^to^> timothy grass. 

tynk '!,' plaster, roughcast, -^o- 
wac "^^ to plaster, roughcast. 

tynktura*", tincture. 

typ ",' type, model, -ograf '^ 
typographer, -.ografia \ typo- 
graphy, -ograficzny " typo- 
graphical. 

tyralln "^ tyrant, -.nia ^, tyranny. 
*nizowac *"'" to tyrannise, 
•iiski " tyrannical, -.iistwo "J 
tyranny. 

tyralierka *", skirmishing. 

tys = tij jestes, thou art, you are. 

tysiaij'c, nuya.^ thousand, •-clecie " 
millenary. ••cletni " lasting 
thousand years, -^czilik'^, ('lotj 
century, -cziiy " thousandth. 

tytu'i 'i; title, ^larny " titular. 
'•'larz "J title-book, -.lowac "^^ 
to give a title, -lowy " ••iowa 
karta, title-page. [tobacco. 

tytulln "i tobacco, -"iiiowy " of 

tyzanna*", ptisan. 



IT. 

XL ^^, among r* Ezymian, among 
the Romans); at one's (house); 
with fmieszka m. mnie^ he lives 
with me) ; at (• dworu, at court). 



ubostwic 



309 



ubarwillac , -c ^" to colour; 
^/tgr.^ to adorn, embellish. *-enie^ 
colouring; CfigJ embellishment. 

ubawic ^"i* to amuse, delight. 
•- sie '^r to delight oneself (suf- 
ficiently). 

ubezpie'cziiac, -yc ^"^ to insure; 
assure, secure. -* ~ si§ "^ to se- 
cure oneself. *.enie " insurance; 
<^m0na zycie, live-insurance; *-*. 
od ognia, insurance against fire. 

ubezwladniliac, -^c ^" to make 
faint, to lame. 

ubillc, -vjac ^'? to ram down; 
(zwierzynej to kill; finteresj to 
conclude, strike. 

ubieildz, -""gac ^'\^^ to slip away, 
escape; fo czasiej to pass, elapse; 
fkogoj to get the start of. --ac 
sie ^X ^2a czemj to hunt, endea- 
vour; (o CO) to strive for; aspire. 

ublelic *^? to whiten. 

ubiilerac, vid. uhrac. -.eralnia^, 
dressing-room, •-dr 'J dress; 
clothes j)l. 

ubijac sif ^T (o co) to strive for. 

ubikacya*", locality. 

ubiagallc ^" (kogo) to soften, 
appease; (co u kogoj to obtain 
by entreaty from . . . •-Iny ? 
})lacable. 

ublizllac, "-yc ^'* to wound (a 
person's reputation, injure, pre- 
judice; -v»,5o6ie, to prejudice one's 
own right, -^ajacy ? ofTonding, 
offensive. *'anie,'^'»'enie'J offence. 

nbOCZ *", •-e ^ remote place; na 
*T1, aside, apart, •.^ie <*? side- 
ways, aside; by the bye, occasio- 
nally: -vny " side ... ; secondary, 
subordinate ; -ne dochody, extra 
income, emolumeuis pL; -.iia 
droga, side-way, by-way. 

ubogiii " poor, without means 



poor man. 



poorly. 



ubolewallc ^? to complain, lament. 

"^-nie " lamentation. 
ubosc ^'" to butt with horns; 

f'figj to hurt, injure, 
ubostwiiiac, -^c'"^ to idolise, deify. 



610 ubostwianie 

-•-anie, •'enie "I idolisation, dei- 
fication, -.any f idolised 

nbostwo "J poverty, poorness; 
the poor. [ca^, hospital. 

nbozilec ^? to become poor, -^ni- 

nbralic ""^ to clothe, dress. *.c 
sie ^r to clothe, •^nie ^ clothes, 
Buit of clothes; clothing. -*-ny^ 
clad. [one's head. 

Ubrdac ^f - sdhie CO, to take into 

tlbyllc, -wac '^V' to decrease, di- 
minish ; be missing, be deficient. 
#vtek '^ diminution, decrease; 
deficit. •'Wanie 7 diminution, 
decrease; (ksieiycaj wane. 

ncaiowallc ^^^ to kiss, caress. 
•'llie " kissing; kiss. 

UCho ^ ear ; (w naczyniach) handle ; 
po uszy, over head and ears. 

nchodzic, ujsc ^'^^^ to run away ; 
escape; fo czasiej to pass, elapse ; 
fza co) to pass for; to nie uchodzi, 
it- is not fit, it is unseemly. 

ncbowaHc ^" to preserve, protect; 
breed ; Boze -.j ! God forbid ! 

ucbronlla ^, shelter, protection. 
-*.ic ^^ to save, protect. •-•» 
si§ "^T ('odj to guard oneself 
(against). «.ny f evitable, avoi- 
dable. 

ucbwallla ^, resolution, degree, 
-lac, -^lic ^^ to degree, resolve 
upon. 

tichwycic ^f to seize, lay hold of. 

Tichybillac, -'C ""? to misdo, act 
contrary to, transgress. <venie "J 
misdoing, miscarriage; blunder, 
mistake. 

uchylllac, -»lic ""^ (drzwi) to open 
a little; bend aside; (prawoj to 
abolish. *. m. sif "^f (odj to with- 
draw from, avoid; bow, stoop, 
•-leilie 7 (prawaj abolition. -*lo- 
«wny^<fe" bend aside; abolished. 

Uciac "^f to cut off; chop off; 
*». gtow^, to behead; (rozmowfj to 
cut short, leave off. 

tici%IIgnac '^'^ to be able to drag 
along; "(wina etc.) to draw off, 
tap. ««^ac, --^yc ^^ to burden. 



uczciwy 

charge. «.zliwosc', painfulness. 
-^-zliwy f troublesome, burden- 
some. 

ucichllac, --nac ^T to grow dumb 
(o wietrzej to abate, cease. 

uciellc', -"kac, •-knac '"V' to run 
away, flee. *.-.. sie ^f ('doj tc 
have recourse to. -.czka^, flightj 
Cdo kogoj refuge, recourse. 

uciecha^, pleasure, delight. 

ucigcie ^ cutting off. 

UCielesnillc "^f to materialize, in- 
carnate, •.enie "", incarnation. 

uciemiezllac, -^yc ^? to oppress, 
••enie " oppression, -^.ony^ft" 
oppressed. [skirmish. 

ucierac, vid. utrzec. •. sie ^f to 

ucierpiec '^f to suffer, endure, 
undergo. 

ucieszilac, '^yc ^f to rejoice, de- 
light, m, ^ sie "X to rejoice, enjoy, 
--enie ^ rejoicing. «<iiOSC^, de- 
lightfulness; drollery, -ny ? 
merry, droll. 

UCili^ty ^ <fc f cut off; (fig.) cut 
short, •-nac, vid. ucia6. •-nek ^ 
shred, chip ; fragment ; gibe, sar- 
castic word, -nkowy ^ (fig-) 
abrupt. 

ucillsk "^ •'Snienie "J oppression, 
pressure, -•-skac ^^ to press. 
squeeze. •»•', -.snac ^f to op- 
press. *'Sniony ? oppressed. 

UCiszilac, •-yc "", to calm, quiet. 
'*'*' 8i§ ^r to become calm, to 
quiet ; (o wietrzej to abate. <*.enie ♦ 
calming. 

nciutac ^? to save up^ scrape 
together. 

iicywilizowa!lc ^? to civilise. 
*ny " civilised. 

uczacy '^ teacher, instructor. «» 
sie""^ learner. [ing. 

nczatowac ^" to obtain by lurk- 

uczllcic '^f to honour, respect; 
(fig J -ciwszy twzy, by your 
leave, •-czeilie "J veneration. 

nczciljwosc ^, probity, honesty* 
*wy ^ honest, faithful. 



uczeti 

nczelln? school-boy; disciple, fol- 
lower; student, -.nie "^ teaching, 
instruction, •»-. sif " learning. 
•»•»««> learnedly. •^nnica *", 
schoolgirl, disciple. 

aczepiilac, --c "^f to hang on, 
chain to. »«. sif ^f to grapple, 
stick, adhere to. • 

uczemic ^" to blacken. 

Kiczesac ^f to comb, dress the 
hair. «. sie ^f to comb one's 
head. 

uczestnillctwo , •'Czenie "J parti- 
cipation, partaking, -.czyc ^? 
(w cztmj to partake, participate, 
to take part in. •'Czacy " par- 
ticipant, -.k '^ sharer^ partaker. 

aczestowac ^^ to treat, regale, 
feast. 

aczeszcziiac^^ to frequent, attend, 
•-ahie 7 frequentation. 

nczlowieczyc ^^ to humanise. 

nczo'lnosc \ learning, erudition. 
-"-Ity ^ learned, erudite, ^.m, "^^ 
learned man. 

ncztlla ^, banquet feast, •^owac'^f 
to feast, junket, 

nczullc^?" to feel, be sensible of; 
to perceive, -vcie "J sensibility, 
sense; feeling, -^ciowosc^, sen- 
sibleness; sentimentality, /^cio- 
wy " sensible, feeling. 

nczyc ^'^ to teach, instruct, m. 
8i§ "X to learn ; m, sig napami^c, 
to get by heart. 

nczynllek "^ deed, act, action ; na 
goracym -*kn, in the very act. 
•"id ^^ to do ; fkomu iaskpj to 
bestow (a favour upon); fkogo 
czemj to nominate, appoint; (z 
czegc CO J to make of. m, » sig "T 
to make oneself, become. 

UCzynllnosc*", courteousness, readi- 
ness to oblige, -..iiy ^ obliging, 
courteous. *kowy "real; grze<:h*», 
sin of commission. 

fldallc -.wac ^!^ to pretend, feign, 
dissemble. •.-*» sig ^ to suc- 
ceed ; (TcuJ to make for ; (da kogoj 
io apply to a person, apply one- 



udusi6 sig 311 

self to ; fdokadj to go to, repair 
to. •-iiie, 'wwanie " dissimula- 
tion. m,m. sif ^ success, prospe- 
rity; fdo kogoJ application, ap- 
plying to. *ny ^ feigned , fic- 
titious; successful. 

udar "^ apoplexy. 

udarcie'J plucking off, tearing oflf. 

udaremniilac, '•'ic ^" to frustrate, 
disappoint. *enie ^ frustration, 
disappointment. 

udarowac ^f Ckogo czemJ to pre- 
sent a person with, to make a 
present to . . . 

udatl'nosc ^, charm, grace, fine 
shape. •-ny " graceful, well- 
turned. 

uderzllac, -.yc ^f ? to blow, strike; 
Cfig.J strike; (na kogoJ to attack; 
Cw dzwonyj to ring (the bells); 
Ctv trahyj to sound (the trumpets). 
-* *- sif ^r to hurt oneself, -waja- 
cy ^ rfig-J striking. *enie ^ blow, 
stroke; attack; shock. 

ndliko "J hind-leg, thigh; *»*za&ic, 
hind-leg of a frog, •-o » thigh, 
shank. 

udlawic ^'f to strangle, throttle. 

udobrucliac'^'f to mitigate, mol- 
lify. * sie ^T to be mitigated. 

udoskonalilenie ^ accomplish- 
ment, perfection. *.lony f per- 
fect, accomplished. *,liC ^f to 
perfect, accomplish^ 

udowodnillac , -c ^f to prove, 
evince. *enie "J demonstration, 
adducing proofs, -^ony '^ proved. 

udowy ? thigh . . . 

ndrapowac ^'? to drape. 

udr^czllenie "!? vexation, plague, 
•.yc ^f to fex, plague, torment. 

udry pi. , i^c z kirn na m. , to fall 
together by the ears. 

nduchownillc ^^ to spiritualise. 
«*enie " spiritualisation. 

ndrzec ^f to pl^nk off, tear off. 

ndusic ^f" to stiwc, BU«"«icate; 
fkuchj to stew. «. sif ^f to b^ 
choked, be suffocated. 



312 



udzial 



uiszcza6 sig 



udziat *!? shave, part, portion; 

brae •», fw czenij to take part in, 

partake of. ••owy^* joint, share... 
udziec "^ haunch (of venison); 

*. skopo-y, leg of mutton. 
Tidziel;ac, -ic ""? to give, impart ; 

coninumicate; bestow, confer. 

^-ajacy sie ? communicative. 

^-anie, *enie "J (wiadomosdj 

communication. -anie ^ sio '", 

comrauuieativcne?s. *.n0SC Cin- 

dependence, sovereignty, -ny ^ 

independent, sovereign, 
udzwignac '^^ (to be able) to bear 

(a burden). 
ufi'ac ^^/ to trust, confide, -^.nosc \ 

confidence, -^ny ^ confident, 

confiding. 
"ufnal ",' horse-nail, 
nformowac "^'^ to form, shape; 

(fig.) i)ring up, cultivate. 
uganiallc sie '^T fza klmj tu run 

after; f^a czemj to pursue, aspire 

to. *.nie '^ hunt, pursuit. 
"Ugal'szac, -^Sic ^^ (ogien etc.) to 

put out; f i,ragnieniej to quench. 

-^szenie " extinction; quenching, 
tlgaszczac, vid. ugoidc. 
ugiijac, -nac "^f to bend (down), 

Ijow" (do\Yn); (siikniaj to gird up, 

tuck up. 

ugtadzic ^" to smooth, 
ugtaskac ^^ to stroke, palm; 

(fig.) caress, flatter; (Iwa etc.) 

tame, 
ngnic '^^ to rot entirely; rot off. 
ugni'esc, -"atac '^^ to knead. 



ugniewac sie 



to feel dread- 



fully vexed. 

Ugnoic ■'^" to dung thoroughly. 

UgOiida ^, agreement, arrangement, 
•-dowy^* of agreement, -^dzic'^" 
to hit; strike, blow. *. «, sie ^T 
to compound with, make" up 
matters with. *.dzony " hit; 
struck. 

Ilgll6r 'IJ fallow, fallow field, ^o- 
rowac '^'^ to lie in fallow, -^oro- 
wy '/ fallow, -orzyc '^^ to fallow. 



qgOSClC 



to entertain, treat, 



UgOtowac "^f to boil (thoroughly). 

Ugruntowailc '^f to lay the foun- 
dation of, ground, ^-nie " foun- 
dation. 

ugrupowac '"^ to group, [bite. 

ligryi|zc^',Ho bite off; bite, ^zek"^ 

ugrzac '^^ to warm thoroughly. 

ugrzllasc, --aznac, •eznac ^'? to 
come to a dead-lock, stick fast. 

ugrzeczniony " complaisant. 

ujac "^^^ to take hold of, seize; 
fkogo sohiej win one's favour; 
Ckomu czegoj take oflf, take away, 
deprive. ' -*. sie '^T h<^ ^^^^) *^ 
take a person ui), espouse a per- 
son's cause. 

ujadac "^'.^ to yelp, bark.* 

iij'ladac, •'Bsc """ to eat oflf. •a- 
dac sie^r to quarrel vehemently, 

ujarzmiilac, --c "^^ to subjugate, 
subjugation, 



subdue, 
subduing. 



enie 

close. 

ujawniilac, *c '^? to reveal, dis- 

ujellchac, -zdzac ^"? (mile etc.) 
to perform, make; decamp, with- 
draw. 

ujecie ^ seizure, arrest ation. 

ujednostajnic ^" to make mono- 
tonous. 

ujemllnosc ^, negativeness. -ny? 
negative; (fiz.J resino-electric. 

ujezdzallc, ujezdzic ^" (konia) to 
l.ireak in (a horse) ; fdrogf) to beat, 
make (a road) hy driving. <vcz '^ 
horse-breaker, horsemaster. <•!- 
nia ^, manage, riding-school. 

uimlla^, damage, injury; diminu- 
tion, deduction. •.Qwac, vid. ujac. 
tliacy *? taking, charming. 



ujrzec 



to perceive, become 



aware of. 

uisljc ^"^ (^0 drod^e) to make; vid. 
uchodzic. -.cie "J going ofi', flow- 
ing off; (krwi) loss; escape; 
frzeki) mouth. 

uillscic, -szczac '^J' to fulfil, ac- 
complish, realise. •- - sie ^V (^ 
dlugu) to pay, (w slowiej to keep 

^(one's -word). 



ukamienowac 

ukamienowac '"^ to stone (to 
death). [punishment. 

nkaraiic ""^ to punish, -.nie ^ 

■nkarmic ^^ to make fat, fatten. 

ukartowac ""^ to concert, plot. 

nkaisic *^" to bite off; to sting, 
prick, -.szenie ^ biting; sting, 
prick, *szony •;* 'bit{ten). 

nkaz " manifesto, (carskij ukase, 
-"-ac, ""ywac*^" to show; exhibit, 
present. •.-•. sie ^f to appear, 
make one's appearance. 

akisilic ^f to sour. *uac ''^^ to 
become sour. 

aklalid '^ arrangement, disposi- 
tion; system; negoti:it=on, trans- 
action. x^diSit.vid.uiozyc. -^dacz"^ 
arranger. -*.danie sie" negotiation, 
transaction. -*dndsc *", manner- 
liness, ••dny " well-mannered, 
mannerly, ^sc si§ ^f to lie 
down, go to bed. [lessly. 

tlklecic ^^ to build or frame care- 

nkleknac ^^ to kneel down. 

uktoilC '^'^ to prick, sting. *.cie "^ 
prick, pricking. 

ukion "^ bow, reverence, -^-y pi., 
respects pZ., compliments pi. •.ic 
sie '^r CkovmJ to bow to a person ; 
greet, salute. [trive. 

nknliowac, -uc ""^ to plan, con- 

nkochalic '^^ to become fond of, 
conceive an atfection for. ••ny " 
dear, beloved. 

tikoilic '^f to soothe, appease, 
-"jenie ^ appeasement. 

ukoiysac ^" to lull asleep. 

ukonilczenie "J termination, finish- 
ing. -*czyc ^f to finish, accom- 
plish. *, ^ sie '^r to be finished. 

ukonstytuowac ^" to constitute. 
* sie ^T to t-e constituded. 

ttkontentowa!c^" to content, sa- 
tisfy. *nie \ contentment, satis- 
faction, •-ny " contented, satis- 
fied. 

nkoronpwac ^^ to crown. 

Tlkorzyc, vid. upokorzyc. 
TlkoL'S "^ bevel, obliquity; na ^s, 
askant, askance; z *sa, askew. 



ulatmanie sig 313 

*.sem<^P obliquely. <*sny? ob- 
lique, sloping, bevel. - 

ukowac, vid. ukuc. 

ukracac, vid. ukrdcic. 

ukralldkiem «? stealthily, clan- 
destinely, -•'dkowy " furtive, 
stealthy, •-sc ^" to steal (away). 

ukrllajac, •'Oic "^f to cut off. 

ukr§ci;ac, --ic ^^ fpowrdz) to twist ; 
(teh etc.) to wring, wring off. 

Xlkr6cl|enie ^ shortening; (fig,) 
bridle, -.ic ^^ to shorten ; (fig.) 
to bridle, keep under, •.ony ^ 
shortened. 

ukrop "^t seething water. 

ukruszyc '^^ to crumble (off;. 

ukryllc, *»wac ^? to conceal, hide. 
-» •« si§ *^r to lie close, abscond. 
•cie ^ concealment; (miejsce) 
retirement, -.ty ^ hidden, con- 
cealed, -k-wacz ^ hider. 

ukrzywdzjlac , •ic '"? to injure, 
prejudice, do an injury, •.enie 7 
injury, prejudice. [crucifixion. 

ukrzyzowallc ^^ to crucify, -.nie " 

uksztatcllenie ^ improvement, 
refinement, •-ic ''^^ to refine, 
improve. [(koniaj to shoe. 

ukuc "^^ to forge .have forged; 

ukwasic, vid. tikisic. 

ul '^ bee-hive> 

ulac '^" to pour off, decant; to 
take a cast of ..., fashion on a 
mould, model. 

ulac sie, vid. uf^knad sie. 

ulagodzic ^^ to soften, appease, 
smooth. 

utamliac, •'ywac ^" to break off. 
•-ek "V fragment; /^ar^/^; fraction, 
-^kowy " fragmentary. 

uiaHn '", ulan. *nski " of ulan. 

ulany " cast, modelled; (fig.) 
jak -., fitting to a miracle. 



ulaskawillac 



to pardon. 



show grace; amnesty. *.enie V 

jjardon, favour; amnesty. 

ulatllac, -vywac, uleciec ^? to 

fly away ; (o czasizj to pass away. 

•». m, sie ^r to evaporate. 



*niac 
•^nianie. 



Sig » evaporation. 



814 



ulatwiac 



utatwillac, «^c ^^ to facilitate; 
(interesa) to arrange, settle, wiDd 
up. •-enie ^ facilitation; settle- 
ment. 

Uleczllalny f curable, bealable. 
*'eilie ^ healing, cure; me do 
-enia, incurable. m.yt'^fCzczego) 



sie 



to 



to heal, cure- (of), 
heal perfectly. 

uleildz, •'gac ^'f to comply (with), 
yield ; succumb, «v «. si§ , vid. 
ulezec si§. -.gajacy " complying, 
yielding, indulgent; succurabent. 
-xganie ^ yielding, indulgence. 
*'glosc ^, compliance, condescen- 
sion ; submission, -^giy " yiel- 
ding, complying; submissive. 

"Ul^knllac si§ ^r to be frightened, 
be startled, -ienie ^ fright. 

ulepllek'y jalep. -.iac, --ic'^^to 
form, mould. 

ulepszllac, ~yc '"f to better, me- 
liorate, -.enie "J amelioration, 
improvement, •-ony f improved. 

ulewlla ^, downpour, sudden and 
heavy shower, sluicy rain, ^-ny ^ 
sluicy; pada deszcz -*•., it rains 
very hard. 

"ulezilaika ^, wild pear. -^aJy f 
ripe, mellow, •-ec sie ^f C^ owo- 
cachj to mellow. 

nlga', relief, ease. 

ulgn^c ^f to stick fast, come to 
a dead-lock. 

"oliiica ^, street. <vczka ^, lane, 
•-cznica^, street-walker, •^cznik'^ 
street- boy. -•'Ostwo T black- 
guardism. •- •. owski " of street- 
boy. *.czny f street . . . 

ulitowac si§ ^r CnadJ to take 
pity (on). 

tliokowac, vid. umiedciS. 

niomllek, vid.. ulamek. «'nOSC ^t 
infirmity, •-ny f infirm, frail. 

Ulotnllic '"f to volatilize, evaporate. 
«*• '*' si§ , to become volatile, 
evaporate. <^i8nie 7 volatilization, 
•*o66^, volatility, ky^ fugitive, 
volatile; *.e piamo, fugitive com- 
DositioD, pamphlet. 



uiniejgtnoi§6 

uiowic ""^ to get by hunting; 
seize, capture. 

uiozilenie " deportment, carriage. 
-"Ony " ordered, arranged ; (fig.) 
dobrze CileJ •."*., well-(ill-)bred. 
•.yc """ to arrange, set right, 
dispose ; form, plan, sketch ; (psa; 
to train; fmine etc. J to assume; 
(co z JcimJ to concert, agree upon. 
'*"*' si§ '^T (^ ki^nj to make an 
agreement with . . . ; to dissemble. 

ultramaryn ^, ultramarine. 

Ulubillc, vid. poliibic. -.eniec ^^ 
darlingi -.enica ^i darling; 
mistress, woman in keeping. *.o- 
ny " favourite; popular. 

uiuda^, seduction, illusion. 

ululac '"^ to lull asleep. 

ulupac "^^ to split, flake off. 

ulzllenie "! relief, ease; alleviation. 
*wyc *^^ to lighten, ease ; alleviate. 

umacniac, vid. umocnld. 

umaczac, vid. umoczyc. 

umaczyc ^" to sprinkle with meal. 

umaic "^f to green, adorn with 
verdure. 

umarllcie ^ death, -iy ^ dead. 

umartwillc "^^ CcialoJ to mortify, 
chastise; (fig. J to grieve, vex. 
-'Snie "! mortifying, chastise- 
ment; grief. 

umarzac, vid. umorzy6. 

umarznac '"^ to die from cold; 
suffer extremely from cold. 

umawiac, vid. umdwiC. 

umazac '^'^ to besmear; wipe 
away, rub away. 

umbrelka*; face-guard. 

umf czilenie "I harassment, fatigub. 
--yc ^" to fatigue, harass; tor- 
ment, worry. ** •< sif ^f to toil 
and moil, worry oneself. 

Turdarkowalic ^" to moderate. 
-C sif ^r to keep one's temper. 
-^nie 7 moderation, temperance, 
•-nie <*? temperately, moderately, 
•-ny" sober, moderate, temperate. 

Umiellc ^? to know, have know- 
ledge of. A'jgtiiOBC ^ science; 



umiejgtny 

knowledge, intelligence. *jetiiy? i 
intelligent, skilled; scientific(al). 

nmieiscowienie 7 localization. 

umierac ^" to die ; •. od imiediu^ 
to die with laughing. 

omiellscic, *szczac ^? to place, 
locate; Cw gazeciej insert, adver- 
tise. •'Szczenie ^ collocation. 

Qmilliac, -ic '^'^ to render agree- 
able. *.ac sie ""f fkomuj to in- 
gratiate oneself with . . . 

amilknac ^? to cease to speak, 
leave oflf; grow dumb or silent. 

mnitowalic ^? to become fond of. 
-ny ^&f beloved. 

umizgllac sif T to pay one's 
court, court: ogle. *alska^, co- 
quette, flirt, •alski ^ suitor, 
beau, ogler. m.i pL, love making, 
love suit. 

tunknllac '"V' to run away, flee, 
-ienie ^ flight, escape. 

imiibot ^ output of thrashing. 

niniiiej8z!lac, ^yc ^?^ to diminish, 
lessen. <».« sif "^T to decrease, 
diminish. 

Tunocljnic "^^ to fasten; confirm, 
strengthen, •.owac ^^ to fasten ; 
to empower, to authorize, -.o- 
wanie'! fastening; authorization. 
-'OWany? fastened; authorized. 

Timoczyc ""^ to dip in, immerse. 

"amor " na •-, do -»tl, to death. 

nmoraLiillac, --c '^? to moralise, 
•-enie '^ moralisation. 

•nmorzllenie "J CdtuguJ amortisa- 
tion, extinguishing. -*yc '"'^ to 
amortise, extinguish; starve', let 
die of hunger. 

iixnilowa ^, compact, agreement. 
'*6wic'"? to concert, agree upon, 
-"bwiony ^ <£ " concerted ; •-6- 
wiona godzina, appointed hour. 

nmozilebnic, •liwic^f to render 
possible. 

umozolic 8i§ ^T to toil and moil, 
umrzec ^? to die. [diers). 

Timundnrowac '^'^ to clothe (sol- 

mnurzyc ^" to soil, dirty. 

mmyllc, -wac ""f to wash. 



uobyczaifi 315 

tlinykaC) vid. umknac. 

nmysi " mind, soul, heart, spirit. 

umyslllic ^^ to take a resolution, 
resolve upon, •nie <*p on pur- 
pose, purposely, •-ny ^ inten- 
tional, intended. i*.ny "^ express, 
currier. 

uinystowilo ^^ intellectually, 
mentally. -*osc^, intellectuality, 
•.y f intellectual. 

umywalnia ^, washing-stand, 
wash-hand stand. [of ... 

unaocznic ^*? to give a clear idea 

"unarodowic ^? to nationalize. 

uncya^ ounce. [catholic. 

unilia \ union. •-cM , Greek- 

uniellsc, vid. unoaic. -vsieiiie » 
ffigj emotion ; enthusiasm, exal- 
tation; extasy. 

Tiiiiesinierteliiiilc ""? to immor- 
talise, -.enie " immortalisation. 

unieszczesliwic ^f to make un- 
happy or unfortunate. 

uniewazniilac , -c "^^ to attnul, 
invalidate, cancel. 

uniewinniilac, -c to excuse, ex- 
culpate. -- si§ T to make 
one's excuses, excuse oneself, 
••eiiie ^ excuse, exculpation. 

unikilac, *nac ""^ CczegoJ to avoid, 
shun, -.anie, -nienie ^ avoid- 
ance, forbearance. 

nnita ^ Greek Catholic. 

xmiwersal '^ circular, circular 
letter (for calling-in). 

imiwersyiitecki ? of the universi- 
ty, university . . . -^tet ^ uni- 
versity. 

unizllac, -"-ye ""f to humble, hu- 
miliate; lower. ••. sif T to 
humble oneself. «'aiiie, --enie ^ 
humiliation, humbling, -enie ^ 
humbly, -^onosc^, humbleness. 
••ony ? reverend, respectful; 
humble. 

unosic ^? to carry oflf; heave, lift. 
'*' sif ^r to be ravished or trans- 
ported; CnadJ to hover over; be 
charmed with. [civilise. 

uobyczaic^^ *- si^T to humanize. 



316 uogolniaS 

UOgolnidac, -.c '^^ to generalise, 
'•-enie "J generalisation. 

uosllabiac, -'Obic'^'? to personify, 
-obienie " personification. 

npadllac ^? vid. uvasc. *.ek "^ 
decay, ruin. *'}osc *", frailty, 
weakness; Insolvency, bankrupt- 
cy. m.\y ^ fallen ; do •-lego, to 
the outmost, •.nienie » fall; 
m.m, do nog, kneeling-down, fall- 
ing-down. 

UpaiaC, vid. upoic. 

upaKOwac '^^^ to pack up, 

Tipai "^ heat. 

npalllac, ^lic ^f to singe off; 
(kaicy etc.) to roast, burn a little. 

upamietallc si§ "^f to collect one- 
self, i-nie ^ recollection, reflec- 
tion. 

Tiparllcie, *to <*? obstinately, 
•-cie ^ si§ \ wilful persistence. 
^-tOSC \ obstinacy, wilfulness, 
•.ty ^ stubborn, headstrong. 

ttpasc ^^ to fall, fall down; de- 
cay; ». komu do nog, to fall (down) 
at ooe's feet. 

mpatflrywac, -rzyc^? ("czas etc.) 
to watch; choose, select; behold, 
discover , track, •-rzony ^ &f 
beheld, discovered, found out. 
tracked. 

Upchac, vid. upychac. 

npedzac sie, vid. uganiac sie. 

upetnollletiiiac , -wletnic ^?' to 
declare a person of age. «».moc- 
nic ^" to empower, authorise. 
-^mocnienie ^ authorisation. 



uporzadkowanie 
•nienie "? embellishment, •-szac, 



npewnillac , -c 



to certify, 



^f Co czem) to assure oneself 
'^enie ^ assurance, confir- 



render certain, make sure. •. *. 

sie 

of. 

raation. 
npillac, -nac '"f to pin up. -.§- 

cie ^ pinning up; drapery. 
QpillC, '•'jac ^" to drink oflf. J m, 

si§ ^V to get drunk, drink in 

excess. 
npiec ^f to have done baking or 

roasting, have baked, bake. 
«pigklIiiiaC| '^'iiic ^? to embellish. 



'Szyc 



to adorn , decorate. 



szenie 7 decoration. 

upierai;c si§ "^f to be stubborn, 
•-nie si§ " wilful persistence. 

upierzllenie " feathers pi, plu- 
mage, '^yc ^" to feather. 

upilnowac '^^ to watch clan- 
destinely, catch, seize (red- 
handed). 

upilowac ^" to file off, saw off. 

UpinaC, fid. upiac. 

Iipi6r "i spectre; vampire. [Use. 

uptiadniac , -"-oduic ^? to ferti- 

Uplijatac, -esc ^" (wienitcj to 
wreath, (wlosyj to plait. 

uplatac ^^ to entangle. 

upiawy pl-i (hialej whites pl.^ 
fluor albus. 

upiylinac, -wac '^^ to flow off, 
flow away ; (o czasiej pass away, 
elapse, •-niony " past. «ww "^ 
flowing off; (czamj lapse. 

upodl'ilenie "J debasement, degra- 
dation, -.ic ^" to degrade, debase. 

Upodoba' C ^" •-C sohie w czem, to 
take a liking to. -nie ^ plea- 
sure, liking, complacency, -^ny^ 
agreeable, pleasant. 

upollic ''^ to inebriate, intoxicate 
(tez fig.), ^-jenie " intoxication, 
inebriation. -jony ^ fuddled, 
drunk; (fig. J intoxicated. 

upokllarzac, -worzyc "^f to abase, 
humble. -* *. sie '"\ to humble 
oneself, ^-orzenie 7 abasement, 
humiliation. [get by hunting. 

upolowac ""f to gain as booty; 

upominllac, upomniec ^" to re- 
mind, warn. -.»~ si?, upomniec 
si^^r to claim, lay claim. *acz™ 
exhorter, reminder. -».anie " ex- 
hortation. *.ek '^ keepsake. 

up6r "^ refractoriness. 

uporllczywosc *", stubbornness, 
obstinacy, --czywy " obstinate, 
stubborn, •ny; " refractory. 

uporzadkowatic '^^ to put in order, 
order,^ arrange. *nie 1? regulation. 



aposaza6 

uposazllac, --yc "^f to portion, 
endow, -wjrciel "^ endower. 

aposledzjiac, -ic^" to put behind, 
postpone; neglect, overlook, 
slight. «.ony" neglected, ^-enie"? 
neglect, neglecting. 

upowazni'ac, •c '^^ to authorise, 
-'enie " authorisation. 

apowillc, -nac ^f to wrap up, 
envelop. 

upo wszechnlliac, •ic ""^ to spread, 
propagate ; generalise, •.ienie "J 
propagation; generalisation. 

upozorowallc ^'" to colour, palliate. 
•-nie ^ palliation. 

upragnilienie " ardent desire, 
••ony f earnestly desirous, long- 
ing; eagerly desired. 

npraszac '^" to request, beseech, 
entreat. 

Upraszczac, vid. uproscic. 

uprawlla*", culture, -iac, MC^f 
to cultivate ftez figj. •.ny ? 
cultivated ; cultivable. 

nprawnillac, -c '^f to entitle (to). 
'^enie " right, title, -^ony ^ 
entitled ; m. ^^ do glosowania, en- 
titled to vote. 

uprazyc ^^ to roast sufficiently; 
(smietanke) to warm. 

uproscic , .to simplify. 

uprosic ^f to obtain by entreaty; 
dac sie *., to be moved by en- 
treaty, relent. 

nprowadzic'^^'Tto ieaa off; f panne) 
to abduct, elope v/ith. 

uprzasc ^^ to finish spinning, 
have spun; ffig.J spin out. 

uprzatllac, -nac ^" to put in 
order, arrange;'' (fig J to make a 
clean sweep of; fprzeszkody etc.) 
to remove, clear away, •-anie, 
•-nienie " removal; putting in 
order. 

uprzaz^, harness; set, team. 

uprzec sif ^r to persist wilfully. 

uprzedni ^ precedent. i*o "p 
before, beforehand. 

nprzedzllac, *ic ^f to go before, 
precede; ,i(et the start of; (kogo 



urazony 



317 



cztm) to inform a person of . . . 

•<«w sie ^r to prejudice, •-enie^ 
outrunning; prejudice, prepos- 
session. *ony " prejudicial, pre- 
judiced. 

uprzejllmosc vkindness, loveliness, 
amiableness. <*'iny " amiable, 
kind, complaisant. [agreeable. 

uprzyiemnillac, ••c ^^ to render 

uprzykrziiac, -.yc '"f to render 
disgusting or loathsome; (adbi^ 
co) to be disgusted at, be weary 
of. -.enie \ disgust, -yc si§ ^f 
fkomuj to importune, annoy a 
person. [present. 

uprzytomnic ^? to figure, re- 

uprzywilejowaiic ^f to privilege, 
•.ny " privileged. [bespangle. 

upstrzyc^f to chequer, variegate, 

upullscic, -'Szczac ^" to let fall; 
let slip; (w targuj to abate; 
(wody etc.) to let cfif. ••st '^ 
sluice, water-gate. 

upycliac ^? to stuff; (fig.) to get 
rid of. 

urabiac ^f to form, figure. 

iirabac ^^ (cukru etc.) to mince. 

uraczllenie 'J entertainment, re- 
ception, •-yc "^^ to entertain, 



treat. -*.* 8i§ , ^ pamper; 

get drunk, 
uradollwac ^^ to rejoice. m,», 

si§ ^r to rejoice, enjoy, -wanie ^ 

rejoicing; enjoyment, pleasure, 
nradzic ^^ to decree, resolve. 



uragllac ^" (komuj, 



si§ 



kogo J to scoff at, bid a person 
defiance, insult, •.anie "I scotfmg, 
derision, mockery, ••owisko » 
scoff, mockery. 

uragan ^, hurricane. 

uratowac ^^ to save, rescue, m, 
sie ^T to save oneself, make 
one's escape. 

Iirajlza ', offence; miec **z§ (^do 
kogo) to take offence, -.zac, 
•-zic "^f to hurt, injure, •-zli- 
WOSC ^, sensitiveness, sensibleness. 
-zliwy " sensitive. *zony ? 
offended; ("na kogo) angry with... 



iirgcza6 



did 



'ir^czllac, •'7C ^^ to assure. 

liregtLlowac ^^ to regulate, order. 

urlop "^ leave (of absence) ; (mil.) 
furlough, -^nik 'y soldier on 

tima^, urn. [furlough. 

nrobic, vid. urdbia6, 

Uroczy ^ charming, enchanting. 

" •.c "^ bewitch, enchant, -scie <*p 
solemnly, festively. •'Sko "I 
"boundary-stone, boundary-heap. 
-'Stosc *", festivity, solemnity; 
festive day. —sty ^ solemn, festive. 

Tiroda ^, fine stature. ; (zartolliwie) 
na Tirod§, on credit. 

urodzai "^ crop, harvest, •.nose*', 
fertilitys fruitfulness. •-nyf fer- 
tile, fruitful.' 

nrodzllerie 1 nativity, descent, 
extraction; niskiego «.eilia, ig- 
noble. *.ic '"'^ to bear (a child), 
to bring forth, m. «» sie ^f to be 
born, -winy pL, birthday, -..i- 
wy ^ of fine stature, -.ony ?" 
born; fobs. J of noble birth. 

urollic ^^ to feign, invent, ima- 
gine ; •'ic sobie co w gtowie , to 
take it into one's head to ... 
»']enie 7 chimera, fancy, wjony " 
chimerical, fanciful. 

urok "^ charm; bewitchment. 

uronic '"^ to lose, let fall. 

nrolisc, -vsnac ^" to grow tall, 
grow up; increase. [fancy. 

nroscic """ Csobie co) to imagine, 

urozmaicllac, -^ic '"^ to vary, di- 
versify. *.eilie 7 varying, diversi- 
fication. 

nr6zowac '^" to lay on rouge. 

urszulanka ^, ursuline (nun). 

nmchomillc"" to mobilise, -^enie^ 
mobilisation. 

nrwllac, vid. urywac. -^anlec "7 
gallows-bird. -»isko " gap, chasm, 
-•istosc ^, steepness, declivity, 
••isty f full of clefts and fissures, 
clefted. •-isz '^ good-for-nothing 
fellow. [pot. 

uryna^i urine, piss, •-t'^chsfliber- 
nrywUac ^? to pluck off; (roz- 



usiedzied 

mowfj to cut short, leave oflfl 
*ek ™ fragment; *.kami, by 
starts. *.kowo, •'Czo **? by 
starts, by jerks, •-kowy ^ frag- 
mentary. 

urzalld ™ employment , ^^oflSce, 
charge; wprCwadzic na -.d, to in- 
stall). -»dzac, -"dzic ^'^ to settle, 
arrange; (sluz^cegoj to engage. 
«*"* sif ^r to establish oneself; 
hire oueself out. 

Tirzadzljenie 'J institution, dispo- 
sition.- -iciel "^ institutor. 

urzelic, '•kac ^^^ to bewitch, en- 
chant. •'CZenie, vid. urzekanie. 

urzeczywistniilac, -^c^f to realize, 
•-eilie ^ realisation. 

lirz§d||nik '^ official, officer, func- 
tionary. •'Owac ^? to hold or 
fill an office. -wOwanie " ad- 
ministration of an office, -wownie, 
-^OWO **p officially. «.owy f of- 
ficial, [ment. 

urzekanie "", bewitching, enchant- 

xirzet "^ C^otJ woad. 

urzllnac, •'ynac ^ to cut off. 

usalldowic "^f to place, settle. 
'*"»' si§ ^V to take up one's 
abode, settle. *dzic ^" to place, 
put. ^m, 8i§ ""r r«o coj to be 
bent or set upon. 

usamowolllnic ^^ to set free, 
emancipate, •-nienie 7 emanci- 
pation, deliverance. 

uschllly " dried up. *»ii%c ""^ 
to dry up, wither. 

USCielac, vid. usiac. 

usciilsk '^ •'Snienie "J embrace, 
hugging; -*. rpki, a shake of the 
hand, -vskac, •-suae ^^ to em- 
brace; •'Snij go o'de mnie, re- 
member me kindly to him. 

nsilladac, •-asc, -^esc ^f to sit 
down, take a seat; •.-•do stotu 
lub za stoterrif to sit down to 
dinner. 

nsidlllac, •'ic ^? to catch in a 
noosej tfigJ to ensnare. 

naiedziec ^V' to remalD sittins. 



usilno^c 

'nsiliinosc ^, industry, studiousness, 
zealousuess. •-ny f industrious, 
zealous, studious; urgent. 

GsilowHac^? to strive, endearour, 
make elforts. ^-anie ^ endeavour, 
exertion, etlbrt. 

nskakiwac, vid. uskoczyc. 

Tiskapic ^, to pinch off. [earn. 

uskarbic ^'^ Csohie coj to gain, 

Tiskarzac sie ^f f^^« ^ogoj to 
complain of \ . . . fside-leap. 

Tiskoliczyc ^^* to leap aside, --k "IJ 

Tiskrilamiac , -^omic ""f to tame, 
restrain. ^ 

Tiskrzydlic '^'? to furnish with 
wings, to wing. 

Tiskubnac '^? to pluck off. 

uskuteczuillac, -^c '^f to accom- 
plish, bring about, realise. •-•. 
sie ^f to be realised or accom- 
plished. *.enie ^ accomplish- 
ment, realisation. [bed. 

HSiac ^^ to bestrew; (lozko) to 

nslinic sie ^f to be beslobbered. 

nsluchac ^? to obey; (radyj to 
follow. 

Ushllga ^, service; favour; do >*.g 
pamlcich! what is your pleasure? I 
am at your command. *giwac^"',^ 
to serve, attend, -^znosc^i oblig- 
ingness, helpfulness, serviceable- 
ness. -•'Zliy " obliging, serviceable. 
•*zyc '"^\'' to do a service; serve, 
attend. 

aslyszec "^f to hear (well). 

usmarkac sie ^f to snivel. 

nsmazyc ^'? to stew. 

usmi.iac sie "^f to laugh one's fill, 
-""ech '^ smile; z-^.echem, smiling- 
ly. *echac sie, --echnac sie "^f 

usmiercic '^'^* to kill, [to smile. 

usmierzliac, -^yc '*''? to soften, 
appease; (anat.) quell; (glocl, 
pragnieniej quench. ~*» sie ^T 
to be appeased. -*ajacy f soften- 
ing, appeasing; •- ^.''irorfefc, leni- 
tive, palliative, *.enie " appease- 
ment, softening, 

Jisnac ^'^ to fall asleep. 



ustgp 319 

nsnllowac, "UC ^? to spin out; 
(fig. J to frame, contrive. 

nspiljc '''? to lull to sleep; rfig-J 
to lull into security, •.enie 7 
lulling asleep. 

nspokllaiac, '-oic "^^ to quiet, 

.reassure, calm. *.ojenie ♦ reas- 
surance, calming. 

uspoiecznillc'"^ to civilise. *enie7 
civilisation. 

usposllabiac, •-obic "f to qualify, 
make fit; prepare, dispose, 
•-obienie 7 aptitude, capacity; 
temper, sentiment, -^obiony ^ 
disposed (for) ; sensible , suscep- 
tible; minded. 

usprawiedliwiliac, -^ic^^ to justi- 
fy, exculpate. *.iciel "^ justifier. 
•-ienie^ justification, exculpation, 

usta pi; lips pL, mouth. 

listallc, nie viodz •-c, not to be 
able to stand; vid.icstawac. ••ty^ 
(o piynachj settled, •-nek ^ &e2 
^-nku, incessantly. 

UStalllac, •'ic '^^ to found, establish. 
-> -» sie ^r to be established, 
••enie 7 establishment, founding. 

nstanllawiac, -^owic""^ to deter- 
mine, fix; settle, constitute; (pra- 
tuuj to give, ^-owicme ^ ^«ttle- 
ment, constitution. 

ustapillc ^? to give /(way (or 
ground); to be inferior to; yield, 
cede. <*'enie "J withdrawing. 

Ustatkowac "^'^ ffigj to temper; 
regulate, arrange. •> si§ "^f to 
become steady or grave. 

ustawa ^, enactment, law; Cto- 
warzystwaj statute. 

ustawllac ^" to cease, leave off, 
stop; end, terminate, •.'-sie^f 
Co ptynachj to settle, •'iczny ? 
incessant, continual. 

ustawiliac, *ic '^? to put (up), 
set up, range. 

ustawodawilca" legislator, *czy? 
legislative, •-stwo 'J legislation, 
legislature. 

UStep ^1 privy; paragraph; epi- 
sode; na •! clear the way! 



320 ustepowa6 

•-OWaC, oh. ustapic. -wowy ^ 
episodical, -.stwo ^ concession. 

usterk *; slip, fault; mistake, 
blunder. 

ustiika tI-, small mouth, •'iiie "? 
verbally, by word of mouth. 
««uy ^ oral, verbal. 

"UStoiny pi-, sediment, grounds pi. 

UStraszyc ^? to frighten, terrify. 
-* sif '*^r to be frightened. 

"UStrilOJ "^ organism; fdiicJiaJ com- 
posure, disposition, ^oic ^^ to 
dress up. •- •. si^ ^f to dress 
oneself out. •.ojony " dressed 
smartly. 

nstrolla ^» '«»iiie ^ solitude ; na -•.niu, 
apart, remotely, -.nny ^ remote, 
distant; solitary, retired. 

"UStrzedz '"'^ to preserve, guard. 
~ sig '"T (czegoj to beware of; 
avoid. [away. 

ustrzelic "^f" to shoot off; shoot 

ttstrzylldz, rgac '"^ to cut off 
(with scissors). 

nsullnac, ^wac '"'^ to withdraw, 
remove, set aside. *. -. sif ^'^ to 
withdraw, '^ni^cie 1 removal, 
setting aside. 

ususzyc '^^ to dry, air. 

aswi^cllac, --ic '"^ to sanctify, 
hallow ; sanction, -venie \ sancti- 
lication; sanction. 

Tiswietnillac, --c ^" to render 
illustrious, illustrate, •'enie r 
illustration. 

usychac, vid. uschna6. 

usymbolizowallc ^"^'to symbolise, 
•nie " symbolisation. 

nsypac '^^ to pour off; heap up. 

usypiallc ^^f to fall asleep; lull 
to sleep, -^-jacy " narcotic, so- 
porific. *■ fwith ears. 

nszallki, vid. odrzwia. ^.ty f eared, 

Tiszanowallc^f" to honour, respect, 
esteem, •-nie \ respect, esteem, 
homage. 

nszczerhllek ^ damage, detriment, 
-vic^?' to damage, injure. 

uszcz^sliwillac , -'C ""f to make 
happy, bless. 



utoczyc 

uszczknac ^^ to pluck off. 

uszczljuc^ *wac "^ Ony^lJ to ruu 
down, (lessen, decrease, abate. 

uszczuplliac, -vie '^^ to diminish, 

USZCzypllliwosc ^ poignancy, sar- 
casm, •'liwy "f poignant, sar- 
castic, -riiac ^"^ to pinch, twitch., 
*nieiiie ",' pinch. 

uszko " ear, hook, handle; «» 
iglane, eye of a needle. 

uszkodzljenie "J damage, injury. 
-16 '^'^ to damage, hurt. 



uszlacliljcenie 



ennoblement. 



'CIC 



to ennoble, raise to 



nobility, ^etniac, --etnic'^f to 
improve , refine , ennoble, •-e- 
tnienie '^ CfigJ ennoblement. 

uszly -^ one who had escaped. 

uszny ^ auricular; fined.) aural. 

uszyc ^^ to have sewed, have done 
sewing. 

uszykowallc """ (mil.) to rank, 
file; order, arrange. «»nie ^ ar- 
rangement. 

utallic "^f to conceal, hide, •-je- 
nie " concealment. *jony ^ &'f 
concealed, secret. 

ntalentowalinie'J giftedness. -^ny? 
gifted, talented. 

lltarczka^, skirmish. 

utargowac '^^ to abate, deduct 
(from) ; purchase, buy. 

Utarty^ & " wiped (off) ; fo drodzt) 
beaten ; (o wyraziej usual, in use. 

Utgsknilleiiie " intense longing; 
z ^eniem, longingly, -ony ^ 
longing. 

utkllac, Titykac ^^ to have woven, 
weave. -«iiac, vid. utykac. •-wic^"^ 
to set in", stick into; remain 
sticking, stick fast; *.* oczy w 
kirn, to fix the eyes upon. 

utlenic '^^ to oxidize. 

Uttuc ""f Ccukru etc.) to make 
small, beat small. [grease. 

uttuscic ^f to make greasy, to 

Utoczllony ? turned ; (fig.)jak * -•,, 
finely turned. «~yc.^^' (piwa etc.) 
to draw, draw off, tap ; to hava 
turned (on a turnlng-latho). 



utonac 

UtOlInac ^? (o osobachj to be 
drowned; sink; CfigJ to be ab- 
sorbed in . . . -ni^cie, ^nienie " 
drowning; sinking, -•.pic "^ to 



Sl^ 



drown; fwzrokj to tix, 
to be drowned 

Utorowac '"f (drogej to beat; 
ffigj «v sobie droge, to force one's 
way. ' [identification. 

ntozsamiiic^'" to identify, -enie " 

utracii'ac, -•-ic ^^ to lose; dissi- 
pate, squander. *.yusz ^^ spend- 
thrift, squanderer. 

utracic ^" to thrust ofif, beat ofif. 

utrafiilac, *c '^f to hit off. 

utrapiel'nie ^ torment, afiliction. 
-^niec ^ tormentor, .troublesome 
person. 

Utratlla ^ loss, detriment; pod 
•-a (praw etc. J under penlilty of 
losing ... *nik ^ squanderer. 
«^nosc *i lavishness, lavishment. 
^ny ^ prodigal, lavish. 

utrudniilac, *c^'f to render more 
diflicult. --enie ^ making diffi- 
cult. 

Utmdzllic '"^ to fatigue, weary. 
•> •> sie "^r to get fatigued. 
•enie '^''lassitude, weariness, fa- 
tigue, [firmly, streagthen. 

utrwalllac, -ic ^" to establish 

utrza ;saC; -•-siiac, •'SC ^'" to shake 
off, "cast otl; shock, shake, toss 
much, •.snienie " shock, shaking. 

Utl'Zec '""■ to wipe off; fnosj to 
blow (one's nose); (chUha etc.) 
to rub; (figj *. komu rogow, to 
humble a person. 

utrzymiiac "^"'^ not to lose one's 
hold, -ac, ^-ywac "^"^ to keep 
hold of, support ; fpokoj etc.) keep ; 
fdziexuczyn^ etc. J to keep ; preserve, 
maintain; assert, maintain. « •. 
sie *^r to mamtain oneself; keep 
one's ground. *.anie, -» •. si§ ^ 
maintenance; livelihood, living. 

ntuczyc ^" to make fat, fatten. 

TltTllic ^'f to calm, reassure. •. 
si§ ^r to become quiet. 

Utwierdziiac, -.ic ^" to confirm ; j 
Czpsc poltko-angielska. 



uwierzytelnienie 32 X 

fortify, strengthen ; found, estab- 
lish, '^enie " confirmation. 

Utw!l6r ^ production, composition, 
work; structure, organisation. 
-^orzenie " formation, creation, 
•-orzyc *^" to organise, form, 

Utyc ^',' to become fat. [create. 

utykac^'*'? to stumble; stop up, 
close ; •- na noge, to limp. 

utylitamy ? useful, advantageous. 

utysk i; -iwanie "J complaint, 
complaining. -*.iwac "V (na co) 
to complain (ofj. •'liwy" com- 
plaining. 

uwallga *", attention, attentiveness; 
remark, observation; considera- 
tion; zwrocic na co *ge, to turn 
one's mind to, attend to. "-^zac"^'"* 
to pay attention ; observe , con- 
sider ; fkogo zaj, to take a person 
for, look upon a person as . . . 



Sif 



(za) to take oneself 



for. «..zny " attentive. 

uwalac *;? to soil, dirty. 

UWalniac, vid. uwolnic. 

uwarzyc ^"^ to boil. 

uwertura^, overture. 

uwiadjlainiac, -omic'"" to inform, 
give notice, send word, •.omie- 
nie " ir/fofmaiion, advi«e. 

uwiazac ^'f to attach, tie fast. 



uwic 



to make a wreath, 



wreathe. 

uwidzilenie ^ idle fancy, -iec ^^ 
to perceive ; cos mii sie ^ialo, he 
took it into his head, he fancied. 

uwiei.'cznic, -kopomnic ^'? to im- 
mortalise, eternalis>e. 

uwiediy f faded, withered. 

uwiedziienie " seduction. -*iony " 
reduced ; cheated. 

uwielbiilac, ••c ' " to extol, praise; 
glorify. **enie J praise; glori- 
fication, [crown. 

uwieiiczilac, --yc '^? to wreathe, 

uwierzlienie " nie do •.enia, past 
all belief, incredible. *yc ^*,^ 
(komu, czemu) to path faith (in), 
believe, -ytelnic ^'" to legalise, 
•ytelnienie V legalisation. 
21 



322 



uwies6 



nwiesc '^f to reduce; CpanneJ to 
abduct, ravish. [hang on. 

uwiellsic, -szac ^f to suspend, 

UWieilz ^, fetter, chain ; ffig.J trzy- 
mac na ««.zi, to engage, captivate, 
"-zic '"f to imprison, incarcerate ; 
(figj entangle, •-zienie " impri- 
sonment, confinement. *.znac ^V' 
to get caught, stick fast. 

uwilijac, vid. uwic. -"-jac, -n^c ""^ 
to wrap up, envelop. *. *. sie ^f 
to speed, make haste, be agile, 
'^janie sie^ haste,agility.«,klac'^" 
to entangle ; complicate. •« <* 
sif ^r to be entangled. 

uwisnac '^V" to hang on. 

uwiacza/.fj '^''^ fkor^.v.) to hurt, da- 
mage; ^^fGtoieefc.^ belittle, -•-nie^ 
beUttling. detraction. 

Tiwiaszcziiac , -'.vc '"f to bestow 
land upoi> the peasants. 

uwodzillc, vid. uwieU. ^ciel ^, 
•' -^ka ^, seducer, corrupter, 

uwolllnic "^^ to set at liberty, to 
free, deliver; grant leave. ^-^ 
Fi§ ""^r to take leave, -^-niciel "^ 
deliverer. «'nienie "? affranchise- 
ment, setting at liberty; grant- 
ing leave. 

Tiwydatnic '"^ to render conspi- 
cuous. •. si§ "^r to come forth. 

TlWZgl^dnillc '^^ to have regard 
to, take into consideration, 
^-enie "5 regard, respect. 

nwziac si§ ^f fna kogoj to aim 
at a*'person, allude. 

uzacTiiliaCf -^c ^^* to ennoble, ele- 

' vate in worthiness. 

nzalliac sif, --ic si§ '"TC'^a TcogoJ to 
complain of ; fnad kimj to lament, 
pity, •-enie sie ^ I amen tuts on. 

nzasadnillac, -c'^f to estabU&h, 
found, •.enie ^ establishment, 
founding. 

Qzbierac ^'? to gather uiv, collect. 

nzbriiajac, ^oic '"^ to j^rm : e-;uip, 
fit out, man. «.«. sie ^^ to arm 
oneself, arm. «.ojeifi.e \ arma- 
ment; arming. 



we 

UZlIda ^, bridle; -<,de wlozyc, to 

bridle. -dzienica <i snaffle, 

halter, 
uzdllatnic, -volnic "^^ to qualify, 

fit, enable, 'vatniony, <*olniony'^ 

qualified ; accomplished , gifted. 

-olnienie ^ enablement; faculty. 
uzdrilawiac , --owic '^^ to cure, 

restore to health, -^owienie "^ 

cure, healing. 
uzebrac ^^ to obtain by begging, 
uzielenic '"^ to make green, cover 

with greens. 
uzmysiowillc '"^ to embody, 

symbolize, --enie "J symboliza- 

tion; sensualization. 
uznallc -wac ^^ to acknowledge. 

•-llie ^ acknowledgment. 
uznpeinlliac, -vie "^f to complete. 

'*'ienie " completing, completion, 
uzurpailcya ^, usurpation. -.tor'V 

usurper, 
uzyllc'^f to enjoy; employ, make 

use of; use. *-cie "". enjoyment; 

use; practise, application. 
uzyczli'ac, -^yc ""^ to impart, allot, 
uzyskjlac, -iwac "^f to gain, ob- 
tain. 
uzytllecznosc ^, usefulness, utility. 

^eczny " useful, advantageous. 

-ek %' profit, -kowac '"'^ to 

make profit (of), profit (from). 

~kowanie "I usufruct.. 
Tizywailc, vid. uzyc. ^c sie "^r to 

be used, be in use. *.nie, vid. 

uzycie, 

uzyzniilac, -c^^ to fructify, fer- 
tilize, -^enie \ fertilisation. 



W. 

W, we ^^ CgdzieJ at, in ; (dokad) 
into, to; (na pytanie kitdyj on, 
ai, in; during, within; dzien -. 
d.zien^ day after day; ...ja-f 
smiech (placz etc. J, ... I began to 
laugh (cry etc.); •. Poniedziaiki etc., 
«yery Monday etc. 



wab 

«rab *^ bird-call ; lure, bait, -.ic ^? 
to decoy, allure, bait; fwjsi.J to 
call. •.•« sie ^f ^o psachj to be 
called. -^idto " inducement, 
lure, baiL -*-ik '" decoy -bird, 
call-bird; bird-call; seductiveness. 

wachac ^" to smell, scent 

wachliiarz '^ fan. ^arzowaty ? 
fan-shaped. *.arzowy ? fan . . . 
-arzyk '^ small fan. •-owac '^^'Z 
to fan. 

wachmistrz '^ cavalry sergeant. 

Wacpan, vid. waszmosc. 

wadlia*!, fanlf, defect, i*.liwosc*", 
defectiveness, •■liwy ? defective. 

wadot '^ hollow way. 

wadzic '^"V fo set on, instigate; 
fkomuj to stand in a person's 
■way. •. sie ^f to bicker, quarrel. 

waga^, weight; /^/j^r.^ consequence, 
importance. 

wagon '^ carriage; van, truck; 
*. osoboivy, passenger-carriage. 

Wagr '^ pimple; Cu stuinj measles, 
'^'bwaty " pimpled. 

Waha!!c si§ '^T to hesitate, bo ir- 
resolute; oscilate, swing; njc •■c 
*j^, to make no scruple, •riiie 
sie " hesitation, irresolution, in- 
decision, -dio " pendulum. 
-dtowy f oscilatory. 

"Wakllacye pi , holidays pi., vaca- 
tion-time. *.ans " vacancy. 



warkocz 



323 



•-owac 



to be vacant. 



Wal "' C fort. J rampart; weaver's 
beam; roller, cylinder. 

Walac ^'^ to soil, dirty. 

WaialiCh" castrated horse, gelding, 
'^szyc ^'* to geld, castrate. 

Walcowilac ^^^ to waltz; roll, 
■^aty" cylindrical. *nia*^ rolling- 
mill. 

walczyc '^\^ to fight, struggle. 

walec '^ roller, cylinder; Ctanitc) 
waltz 

walecz'Inosc ^, valour, bravery, 
-ny *;* brave, vp.liant^ — " 

Waiek '^ roll, roDer. [stroll. 

wat^sac sif ^T to rove about. 



Walet 'J (w kartach) knight, 
walic ^?^ fdomy) to pull down, 

take down; fsuknoj to full; 

(drztwaj to fell ; fkogo) to cudgel. 

•> sie ^r to fall into ruins; (fig.) 

to rush, 
waliza*^ box, trunk, cofTer. 
walka*", struggle, fight, combat;, 

^ o hyt, struggle for life, 
watkon '^ tramp, rover. „ ^ 

waikowi'ac ^? fdasto etc.) to roll ; 

(fig J to thrash, •-nica *^ calender, 

mangle 
walnllac ^'? to give a blow, -vy ^ 

general, principal, main; -.aZ'i/wa, 

main battle, pitched battle. 
walilor 'IJ value, price, rate. •^ 

ory pl-t papers of value. *iita \ 

value. 
waltorni!!a*^ bugle-horn, French 

horn, -.sta '^ bu'jler. 
warn "^'^l you, to you. 
wani.ienka ^, small bath, tub. 

-wna *', bathing-tub; (fig.) bath, 
wanilia*", vanilla, 
warituch " packing-cloth. ^ 
wapiiarnia, ^iennia^ Hme-kilu. 

-•-ien ^ lime-stone ; <*. -v mxi^zlowxj, 

shell-lime, ^iennik, -niarz "^ 

lime -burner, -ieiiny ^ limy. 

•^nisty? calcareous. *no" lime; 

nirgaszont -w -*,, quick, 
war "^ boiling water; boiling, 

brewing. 
wara \ ofTI mind! 
warcablinica *, draught-board. 

-vy pi, draughts pi. 
warcMak ',' young wild boar, 
warchollt "J wrangler, brawler. 

-lie ^?? to brawl. --Istwo ; 

brawl, scufl'le. 
wariiczec, -knac ^^ fo psU) to 

growl; gnarl. '*czenie " -k "^ 

growl, -vkliwosc *, CfigJ morose- 

ncss. <vkliwy " ffgJ morose, 

peevish, 
wargia *i lip; «^a dolna, under* 

lip ; ■» a 9^^"a, upper -Jip. «*o- 

waty ? labiate, -.owy ? labial, 
warkocz '^ plait, cue, pigtail. 
21!. 



324 



warowa6 



warowllac ^"f (miastoj to fortify ; 
guard , watch over ; secure , en- 
sure; (sohie CO) to stipulate, re- 
serve; fo psitj crouch, lie down, 
•-nia ^, fortress, stronghold. «^liyf 
fortified ; warranting. 

warstwa ^, layer, couch, stratum, 
•.mi, in layers, by strata. 

warsztat '^ work-shop ; m0 tkackij 
weaver's frame, loom. 

wart " worth; worthy (of). *.©, 
it is worth while, it is worth the 
trouble. •-OSC^, value, worth. 

wartlla ^, guard, watch ; watchmen ; 
stac na warcie, to be on guard, 
•-ownik ^ sentinel, sentry. 

wartllac ""f to turn. *.aika <; 
whirl; (zabawka) top, gig, teeto- 
tum. *.ki " quick, speedy. *».ko "p 
quickly, speedily, ••kosc ^, quick- 
ness , speediness. -'Ogidw "^ 
giddy-head. 

warunliek "^ condition, clause, 
stipulation ; pod *.kiem, z -*.kiem, 
on condition, •■kowo **? upon 
condition, conditionally, -^kowy^ 
conditional, containing a clause. 

waryllacki ^ mad, crazy, crack- 
brained, ••acya^, madness, cra- 
ziness