.v^ '"aVa'. ^
' ^^^,^ .^AltA^ V.<^
Daughters of the
Helen m. and Hate C. Boardman
daughters of the
SELECTED AND ARRANGED
den M. and Kate T. Boardman
THE REPUBLIC PRESS
The hills beyond the river lay yesterday at sunset lost in
Purple gloom ; they receded into airy distances of dream^ they
sank softly into flighty the peaks of the ^'' delectable mountains^
^ut I knew as I gazed enchanted that the hills so purple^ soft
.of seeming^ were hard^ and gray^ and barren^ in the wintry
twilight^ and that in the distance was the magic that ?nade
them fair. So beyond the river of time that plows between,
zvalked the brave men^ and the beautiful women of our ances-
try, grouped in twilight upon the shore.
Distance smoothes away defects^ and with gentle darkness
rounds every form into grace. It steals a harshness from
their speech, and every word becom.es a song. Far across the
gulf that ever widens they look upon us with eyes whose glance
is tender, and which light us to success. We acknowledge our
inheritance; we accept our birthright. We own that their
careers have pledged us to noble action. Every great life is an
incentive to all other lives. This is the true pride of ancestry,
George William Curtis.
And now another cup of the generous; and a merry
New Year and many of them to you, my masters. — Lamb.
1 780— Arrival of Martha Washington at Mon istown.
Fearless graced she camp and cabin, Middlebrook and -
.... While the hand that erst touched spinnet, wafted
fan or turned the wheel,
Still more gently soothed the suffering, kindling fires of
— ^Julia C. Jones,
Anthony Wayne born 1745.
1 777 — Battle of Asumpink.
1 777 — Battle of Princeton.
1778— Battle of the Kegs.
The "infernals," as the British called them, were
prepared by David Bushnell. . . . The incident
gave rise to the most popular ballad of the Revolution,
by Judge Hopkinson, one of the signers of the Declaration
of Independence, and father of Joseph Hopkinson, the
author of " Hail Columbia." — American Monthly Maga-
Washington never bought or sold a slave — a proof of
the highest and most intelligent humanity. — Parkinson.
1759 — Washington's wedding day.
Years have rolled beyond the century,
All these scenes have passed away;
But the bride from old Virginia
In each heart is here to-day.
— ^Julia C. Jones.
Israel Putnam born 1718.
The obscure young farmer of 1743 had every dis-
tinguishing characteristic of the brave " Old Put " of '76.
— Colonial Magazine.
1 780 — Washington writes on the 8th of January : For
a fortnight past the troops, both officers and men,
have been almost perishing with want ; yet they have
borne their sufferings with a patience that merits the
approbation and ought to excite the sympathies of their
countrymen. — Washington Irving.
1 788 — Ratification and adoption of the Constitution in
the name of the people of the State of Connecticut.
Ethan Allen born 1737.
At Bennington also we meet with one of the striking
figures of the exploit — Ethan Allen, the pride of the Green
Mountain Boys. Eccentric and fearless, with one hundred
and fifty comrades of his own stamp, he added momen-
tum to the force and picturesqueness to the character of
the expedition. — Professer Henry P. Johnson.
Alexander Hamilton born 1757.
Whether he speaks or writes he is equally great.
. . . Among great men anywhere Alexander Ham-
ilton would be felt to be great. — Republican Court.
The hounds met three times a week in the season —
usually at Mt. Vernon, sometimes at Belvoir. They
would get off at daybreak — Washington in the midst of
his hounds, splendidly mounted, generally on his favorite
Blueskin, a powerful iron-gray horse. — American States-
When Franklin was told in Paris that Howe had
taken Philadelphia, his reply was, " Philadelphia has
taken Howe." — American Statesmen.
It was the practice of Washington to communicate
with Congress only by written messages, except at the
commencement of each session, when he met in person
both branches in joint assembly. — Republican Court.
1 78 1 — Tarleton reached the Parcelot in the evening,
but halted on observing some troops on the opposite bank.
It was merely a party of observation v^hich Morgan had
left there, but he supposed that officer to be there in full
An honest heart being the first blessing, a know-
ing head the second; . . . a strong body makes
the mind strong. — Thomas Jefferson.
Battle of Cowpens, 1781. The British defeated.
Benjamin Franklin born 1706. By the instructions
which he gave, by his discoveries, by his inventions, by
his achievements in public life, he earns the distinction
of having rendered to men varied and useful services
excelled by no other one man. — ^John F. Morse, Jr.
They admired Franklin because he did not wear a
wig; they lauded his spectacles; they were overcome
with enthusiasm as they contemplated his great cap of
Martin fur, his scrupulously white linen, and the quaint
simplicity of his brown Quaker raiment of Colonial make.
— ^John T. Morse, Jr.
Undertake not to teach your equal in the art himself
professes; it savors of arrogancy. — Washington's Rules
Richard Henry Lee born 1732.
JANUARY 2 1
Richard Henry Lee, the man selected to address the
people of Great Britain on the eve of the Revolution, to
give the first instructions to General Washington, to pro-
pose the initial resolution of the Declaration of Indepen-
dence, is not likely to be forgotten. — Evert A. Duyckinck.
Of that honorable band of South Carolinians, men
of birth and fortune, who stood forth at the outset of the
Revolution, no one brought more accomplishments or a
better zeal to the cause than Charles Cotesworth Pinckney.
— National Portrait Gallery.
John Hancock born 1737.
Then Squire Hancock, like a man
Who dearly loved the nation.
By a concil'atory plan
Prevented much vexation.
— Evert A. Duyckinck.
Dost thou love life ? then do not squander time, for
that is the stuff life is made of. — Benjamin Franklin.
The patriot, John Hancock, in 1792, wore a red
velvet cap, blue damask gown lined with velvet, a white
stock, and white satin embroidered waistcoat, black satin
small clothes, white silk stockings, and red morocco
slippers. — American Monthly Magazine.
A tailor's advertisement in the New York Gazetteer,
1773, says: A general assortment of scarlet, buff, green,
crimson, white, sky-blue, and other colored superfine
cloths. A neat assortment of gold and silver lace; gold
and silver spangled buttons; gold buttons with loops
and bands; silver-ground gold brocade for hats. — Ameri-
can Monthly Magazine.
Mock not, nor jest at anything of importance; break
no jests that are sharp or biting, and if you deliver any-
thing witty or pleasant, abstain from laughing thereat
yourself. — Washington's Rules of Behavior.
Robert Morris born 1733.
This liberal merchant and financial stay of the Ameri-
can Revolution . . . was not a native of America.
— Evert A. Duyckinck.
John Adams was no halfway revolutionist; he had
the ring of the true metal in him ; while others lagged
in the rear, he pressed forward to the van, in the very
front rank of this revolutionary movement, and by his
side stood John Rutledge of South Carolina. — Lives of
the Chief Justices.
Be not hasty to believe flying reports, to the disparage-
ment of any one. — Washington's Rules of Behavior.
Go on, my dear general ; crown yourself with glory,
and establish the liberties and lustre of your country on
a foundation more permanent than the capitol rock. —
Extract from a letter of General Lee to Washington.
A February face so full of frost, of storm and cloudi-
ness. — Shakespeare.
1781. — Battle at Cowan's Ford.
" In one word^ be a nation, be Americans, and be
true to yourselves." — Washington's Farewell Address.
"Diligence is the mother of good luck." — Benjamin
" In 1779 it is recorded that at a party George Wash-
ington danced for three hours with Mrs. Greene without
sitting down or resting, which speaks well for the health
and spirits both of the lady and the gentleman. Even
after Yorktown he was ready to walk a minuet at a ball,
and to the end he liked to see young people dance as he
had danced himself in his youth." — "American States-
James Otis born 1725.
James Otis, the herald of the Revolution in Massa-
chusetts, "the flame of fire," was born at Great Marshes,
in what is now called West Barnstable. — E. A. Duyckinck,
1778 — France signs a defensive alliance with the
He wore black velvet and powdered hair, knee
breeches and diamond buckles. ... Let it be
remembered, however, that Washington also wore the
hunting shirt and fringed leggings of the backwoods-
man, and that it was he who introduced this purely
American dress into the army as a uniform. — American
It is hard for an empty sack to stand upright. — Ben-
" For my own part, 1 never did, nor do 1 believe I
ever shall, give advice to a woman who is setting out on
a matrimonial voyage ; first, because I never could advise
her to marry without her own consent, and secondly,
because I know it is to no purpose to advise her to re-
frain when she has obtained it." — Extract from a letter of
1780 — Sir Henry Clinton sets sail for Charleston and
takes post opposite Charleston.
1798 — The French frigate d'Insurgente, of forty guns,
was captured by the frigate Constellation of thirty-six
guns. Commodore Tracton compelled another frigate
of fifty guns to strike her colors, but she afterwards
escaped in the night.
We must, indeed, all hang together, or most assuredly
we shall all hang separately/' — Benjamin Franklin.
'' Speak not when others speak, sit not when others
stand, and walk not when others stop." — Washington's
Rules of Behavior.
Washington in fact was less affected by his surround-
ings, and rose above them more quickly than any other
man of his day, because he was the greatest man of his
time, with a splendid breadth of vision. — American
1 781 — General Greene was driven out of North Carolina.
St. Valentine's Day was one of the few English holi-
days observed in New England. ... In Eng-
land . . . the first person of the opposite sex seen
in the morning was the observer's valentine.
— Note from Anna Green Winslow's Diary.
Undertake not what you cannot perform; but be
careful to keep your promise. — Washington's Rules of
One to-day is worth two to-morrows. — Benjamin
1783 — Cessation of hostilities proclaimed in London.
Washington's exact height was 6 ft. 2 in. in his boots;
he weighed 200 pounds, and there was no surplus flesh
about him. He was tremendously muscled, and the
fame of his great strength was everywhere. — American
Am I loaded with care, she takes off a large share,
That the burden ne'er makes me to reel ;
Does good fortune arrive, the joy of my wife
Quite doubles the pleasure I feel.
— Benjamin Franklin.
181 5 — His Majesty's sloops Cfane and Levant were
captured by the United States frigate Constitution.
"A Yankee ship and a Yankee crew — 'Constitution.^
"Where ye bound for? Wherever the British
Though 'tis one to two — or one to three,
' Old Ironsides ' means victory,
Across the Western ocean."
— ^james Jeffrey Roche.
1 81 5 — The British withdrew from the coast of
George Washington born 1732.
Virginia gave us this imperial man —
She gave us this unblemished gentleman.
"The pine tree flag first appeared in 1775. It was
purely a New England device, and was used afloat as
well as on land. The first motto known to have been
put on the pine tree flag was 'An appeal to heaven.'
This was done a year before the colonies declared their
1 813 — His Majesty's sloop P^^coc^ was sunk by the
United States brig Hornet.
When a man does all he can, though it succeeds not
well, blame not him that did it.— Washington's Rules of
1 775 — General Gage attempted to destroy the stores at
1 782 — Conway's motion in Parliament against prosecut-
ing the war was carried.
Washington knew human nature well, and had a
smile for its little weaknesses when they came to his mind.
It was this same human sympathy which made him also
love amusements of all sorts, but he was as little their
slave as their enemy. — American Statesmen.
Firmness, moderation, and deep religious sentiment
were leading traits of Mrs. Washington.— Colonial Days
Ah! March; we know that thou art kindhearted,
Spite of thy ugly looks and threats;
And, out of sight, art nursing April's violets.
— H. H.
Horatio Gates, the victor of Saratoga, was a native of
England, born, according to biographical account, in the
March second 1 778 catched fox with bob'd tail and
cut ears, after seven hours chase in which most of the
dogs were worsted. — Washington's Diary.
1 778 — Battle of Briar Creek.
March 3d, 1797. — When the cloth was removed
Washington filled his glass and said, " Ladies and Gen-
tlemen, this is the last time I shall drink your health as a
public man. I do it with sincerity, wishing you all pos-
sible happiness." — American Statesmen.
1776 — Washington gains possession of Dorchester
1770 — The Boston Massacre.
"General Washington exhorted his soldiers to bear in
mind the 5th of March!"
Historians have made little account of the shooting of
Christopher Snider, but there can be no question that it
led directly to the collision between the ropemakers and
soldiers one week later, resulting in the massacre of
March 5th, 1770. — Daughters of the Revolution and
Their Times, 1 769- 1 776.
The Bunch of Grapes Tavern, Boston, stood on the
corner of Macerel Lane and Kings Street, now Kilby and
States streets. Its sign was three clusters of grapes. It
was a noted tavern, often patronized by the royal Gov-
ernors. — Daughters of the Revolution and Their Times.
The troops were ordered to Boston in 1 765 in conse-
quence of the riots growing out of the passage of the
Stamp Act, the mob having sacked the house of Chief
Justice Hutchinson. — Daughters of the Revolution and
And there's a nice youngster of excellent pith —
Fate tried hard to conceal by naming him Smith;
But he shouted a song for the brave and the free —
Just read on his medal, "My Country, of Thee."
— Oliver Wendell Holmes.
1 778 — Lord North's conciliatory bill receives the royal
Firmness of mind, and unintermitting occupation,
will not long leave you in pain. — Extract from a letter of
A famous dinner spread by Mrs. Abel James in 1777,
for some ill fed Continental soldiers, . . . was
unceremoniously interrupted by the sentry's cry, "The
Red Coats are upon us!" .... The invited guests
retreated by one door, while the unbidden convives en-
tered by the other, and taking their places at the board
fell with a will upon Mrs. James' good cheer. — Colonial
Days and Dames.
1778 — Corporation of London address the King in
favor of conciliation.
"A nation without a national government is an awful
spectacle," wrote Alexander Hamilton.
1 78 1 — Battle of Guilford Court House, North Caro-
lina, was fought on Thursday, the fifteenth day of
March, between Gen. Nathaniel Greene, commanding the
American forces^ and Earl Cornwallis, commanding the
British army. " It was by far the most obstinate fight 1
ever saw," wrote Greene to Washington,
James Madison born 1751.
" Purity, modesty, decorum — a moderation, temper-
ance, and virtue in everything," said the late Senator
Benton, "were the characteristics of Mr. Madison's life
and manners," — Evert A. Duyckinck.
1776 — The British forces evacuate Boston; Washington
The first time James Madison ever saw Mrs. Dorothy
Todd, she v^as dressed in a mulberry colored satin, with
a silk tulle kerchief over her neck, and on her head an
exquisite dainty little cap, from which an occasional un-
cropped curl escaped. — American Monthly Magazine.
A saying of Mrs. Dolly Madison's was, " I would
never forgive a woman who did not dress to please, nor
one who seemed pleased with her dress. — American
All the neighbors, relatives and friends were invited to
make merry at the wedding of the lovely Dolly Todd
and the great James Madison. — American Monthly Mag-
1778 — The American deputies were presented to
1 775 — Burke's conciliatory propositions rejected.
General Washington had a large family coach, a
light carriage, and chariot, all alike — cream-colored,
painted with three enamelled figures on each panel — and
very handsome He drove in the coach to
Christ Church every Sunday morning with two horses.
- . . . In going to the Senate he used the chariot
with six horses. — Republican Court.
1 782 — American Independence acknowledged by
It was Mrs. Washington's custom to return visits on
the third day. ... A footman would knock
loudly and announce Mrs. Washington. Her manners
were easy, pleasant and unceremonious, with the charac-
teristics of other Virginia ladies. — Republican Court.
Be not tedious in discourse, make not many digres-
sions, nor repeat often the same matter of discourse. —
Washington's Rules of Behavior.
At Mrs. Washington's levees none were admitted but
those who had either a right by official station to be
there, or were entitled to the privileges by established
merit and character; and full dress was required of all. —
American Monthly Magazine.
,1775 — The Boston Port Bill receives the royal assent.
The Greyhound was a much-frequented tavern in Rox-
bury, with a figure of a greyhound upon its sign. It
was in this tavern that the repeal of the Stamp Act was
celebrated, 1776. — Daughters of the Revolution and
In 1752, when about twenty years old, Washington
addressed a letter to Mr. Fontleroy, which has been pre-
served, asking permission to make a proposal of marriage
to his daughter, "in the hope of a revocation of a former
cruel sentence, and see if I cannot find an altercation in
my favor." This was the most serious love affair Wash-
ington ever had, except that with the Widow Custis,
which resulted in marriage. — Rev. A. N. Lewis.
1 770 — American ladies agree to disuse tea till the duty
Worse than being fooled of others is to fool one's self.
Thomas Jefferson born 1743. "The author of the
Declaration of Independence, of the statute of Virginia
for religious freedom, and father of the University of Vir-
" Here, perhaps, we have one of the reasons why Dr.
Franklin, who was universally confessed to be the ablest
pen in America, was not always asked to write the great
documents of the Revolution. He would have put a
joke into the Declaration of Independence, if it had fallen
to him to write it." — John T. Morse.
" Give up money, give up fame, give up science,
give up the earth itself and all it contains, rather than do
an immoral act." — Thomas Jefferson.
Play not the peacock, looking everywhere about you
to see if you be well decked, if your shoes fit well, if
your stockings sit neatly, and clothes handsomely. —
Washington's Rules of Behavoir.
The first business after the organization of the two
houses on the sixth of April, 1 789, was the opening and
counting of the votes for President of the United States.
Washington secured sixty-nine. — Republican Court.
1 789 — ^John Armstrong wrote to General Gates from
New York — "All the world here are busy in collecting
flowers and sweets of every kind to amuse and delight
the President in his approach and on his arrival. Even
Roger Sherman has set his head at work to devise some
style of address more novel and dignified than '*Excel-
lency." — Republican Court.
I often fancy I should have enjoyed living in the
good old times, but I am glad I never was a cfnld in
Colonial New England, to have been baptized in ice
water, fed on brown bread, .... to have been
forced to commit Wigglesworth's "Day of Doom" to
memory. — Customs and Fashions in Old New England.
Fisher Ames born 1758. "The eminent orator of
General Gates died 1806. " Victor of Saratoga."
War of the Revolution ended April 1 1, 1783.
Mr. Adams was the first to receive official information
of Washington's election, and the first to arrive in New
York at ten o'clock on the morning of the twelfth of
April, 1789. He left his residence in Braintree, and was
escorted to Boston by a troop of horse from Roxbury.
His arrival and departure were signalized by federal sa-
lutes, which were repeated at all the chief places through
which he passed with his numerous retinue in Massa-
chusetts and Connecticut. — Republican Court.
"If you speak of eloquence, John Rutledge of South
Carolina is the greatest orator."
General Lafavette wrote in his old age, "The patience
and endurance of both soldiers and officers was a miracle
which each moment seemed to renew."
Perhaps the nearest approach to "Old Glory" that
was essayed before the Declaration of Independence was
the flag of the Royal Savage, first floated in 1776. It
had theUnon Jack in the corner and the American stripes
for a field.— N. Y. Herald.
1789 — "On the evening of the i6th, about 10 o'clock,
1 bade adieu to Mount Vernon, to private life, and to
domestic felicity; and with a mind oppressed with more
anxious and painful sensations than 1 have words to ex-
press, set out for New York .... with the best
disposition to render service to my country in obedience
to its call." — Washington's Diary.
Benjamin Franklin died 1790.
It appears to me that " Poor Richard's Almanac " did
more than anything else towards making him familiarly
known to the public. Thus it was the humblest of all
his labors that has done the most for his fame. — Na-
1789 — Washington arrived in Trenton. On the
bridge across the Assumpink .... a triumphal
arch had been erected; on the side toward the approach-
ing hero'was inscribed " The defender of the mothers will
be a protector of the daughters."— Republican Court.
1775 — Battle of Lexington.
" The first blood of the Revolution reddened the field
Roger Sherman born 1 72 1 .
Roger Sherman was of a grave and massive under-
standing. A man wiio looked at the most difficult ques-
tions and untied their tangled knots without having his
vision dimmed, or his head made dizzy. — Hollister's His-
tory of Connecticut.
'* The first official flag was designed under the
personal supervision of General Washington, aided by
Mrs. Betsy Ross Mrs. Ross made the flag
— was appointed flagmaker to the Government. — Amer-
Show not yourself glad at the misfortune of another
though he were your enemy. — Washington's Rules of
By whom, under whose influence, then, were we
changed and made one American people ? I answer,
by and under no one man so much as Washington. —
Rev. Daniel Sylvester Tuttle.
The Marquise de Lafayette, who entertained a warm
friendship for Mrs. Jay, said with charming simplicity
that "Mrs. Jay and she thought alike — that pleasure
might be found abroad, but happiness only at home.'*
— Through Colonial Doorways.
•777 — Twenty-six sail of British vessels appeared
off Norwalk Islands, standing in for Cedar Point.
"Nations, like individuals, keenly feel prompt and
sympathetic assistance in an hour of need or trial." —
"By the rude bridge that arched the flood,
Their flag to April's breeze unfurled,
Here once the embattled farmers stood
And fired the shot heard 'round the world."
— Spirit of '76.
James Monroe born 1758. "In person President
Monroe was tall and well formed, of light complexion and
blue eyes. His long and acceptable public life bears wit-
ness to his personal and intellectual qualities." — National
Oliver Ellsworth born 1745. "Mr. Ellsworth evinced
an inflexible integrity, the purest morality and the most
unshaken firmness and independence." — Lives of the
1 789 — General Washington inaugurated President of
the United States.
The sun shone clearly down as if commissioned to
give assurance of the approbation of the Divine Ruler of
the World. — Republican Court.
Oh ! the sweetness of the fifth month morning. —
At a wedding in New England where there were
ninety-two guests, ninety-two jigs, fifty-two contra-
dances, fifty-five minuets, and seventeen hornpipes were
danced. — American Monthly.
A bridal dress of 1780 was " a fawn colored satin
damask without a train, open in front, and over a blue
satin damask petticoat. The elbow sleeves were trimmed
with lace, shoes were pointed at the toe, and the heels
were two inches high." — American Monthly.
Besides, sir, we shall not fight our battles alone. There
is a just God who presides over the destinies of nations
and who will raise up friends to fight our battles for us.
— From Patrick Henry's speech.
The first cannon-ball which entered Nassau Hall,
when Washington opened a fire upon it, passed through
the portrait of George the Second and destroyed it; the
frame was uninjured, and left suspended upon the wall. —
Pictorial Field Book.
"Oh! who shall know the might of the words he uttered
The fate of nations then was turned by the fervor of his
MAY — Continued.
But would'st thou know his name, who wandered there
Go, read, enroll'd in Heaven's archives, the prayer of
Washington." — ^J. L. Chester.
There may be, and there often is, a regard for ancestry,
which nourishes a weak pride, but there is also a moral
and philosophical respect for our ancestors, which elevates
the character and improves the heart. — Daniel Webster.
I have but one lamp by which my feet are guided, and
that is the lamp of experience. I know of no way of judg-
ing of the future but by the past. — Extract from a speech
of Patrick Henry.
1787 — Crossed from Mt. Vernon to Mr. Driggs's a little
after sunrise, and, pursuing the route by the way of Bal-
timore, dined at Mr. Richard Henderson's in Bladens-
burg and lodged at Major Snowden's, where, feeling
very severely a violent headache, I went to bed early. —
Extract from Washington's Diary.
1775 — Americans under Ethan Allen take Ticonderoga
"In the name of the Great Jehovah and the Continental
Immense fans were carried for sunshades as Well as
flirting. A fan used before the Revolution, and costing
$8, was of pictured paper with ivory frame. — American
1779 — Charleston, South Carolina, surrendered to the
1787 — About eight o'clock Mr. Corbin and myself set
out and dined at Chester, . . . proceeded to Phil-
adelphia. At Gray's Ferry the city light-horse, com-
manded by Col. Miles, met me and escorted me in; and
the artillery officers who stood arranged saluted me as I
passed On my arrival the bells were
chimed. — Washington's Diary.
1 787 — This being the day appointed for the Conven-
tion to meet, such members as were in town, assembled
at the state house; but only two states being represented,
namely, Virginia and Pennsylvania. Dined in a family
way at Mr. Morris's, — Washington's Diary.
1 787 — Repaired at the hour appointed to the State-
House, but, no more States being represented, . . .
dined with members of the general meeting of the So-
ciety of the Cincinnatti. — Washington's Diary.
1787 — No more than two states being yet represented,
agreed till a quorum of them should be formed to alter
the hour of meeting at the State-house to one o'clock —
Dined at the President, Dr. Franklin's, and drank tea at
Mr. John Penn's. — Washington's Diary.
1 787 — Mr. Rutledge from Charleston and Mr. Charles
Pinckney from Congress, having arrived gave a repre-
sentation to South Carolina Dined at Mr.
Powell's and drank tea there. — Washington's Diary.
On Monday, the i8th of May, 1778, was given a
great entertainment in honor of Sir William Howe and
his brother Richard — Earl Howe (the naval commander}
then on the eve of their departure from America. It was
called the Mischianza, an Italian word signifying a med-
ley. — Lossing's Field Book.
1787 — No more States represented. Dined at Mr.
Ingersoll's — spent the evening at my lodgings — and re-
tired to my own room soon. — Washington's Diary.
1775 — Perpetual union of the colonies.
Lafayette died 1834.
Dolly Madison born 1772.
Colonel Greene continued to serve his country with
honor till May 14, 1787, when, at the age of forty-four
years, his brilliant career was brought to a close.
Martha Washington died 1802.
Faithful wife, and noble lady.
Brave and tender, just and true.
— American Monthly.
Shall we gather strength by irresolution and inaction ?
Shall we acquire the means of effectual resistance by ly-
ing supinely on our backs, and hugging the delusive
phantom of Hope ? — Extract from a speech of Patrick
1775 — Josiah Martin, Royal Governor of North Caro-
lina, fled from Newburn, the capital of the Province, and
took refuge in Fort Johnston, at the mouth of the Cape
1787 — Another delegate coming in from the State
of New Jersey, gave it a representation and increased the
number to seven, which forminga quorum of the thirteen,
the memders present resolved to organize the body
. . . . — Washington's Diary.
1 787 — Returned all my visits this forenoon. Dined
with a club at the City Tavern, and spent the evening at
my quarters writing letters. — Washington's Diary.
Nathaniel Greene, born 1742,
"At the Brandy wine, where more men were engaged
than in any other battle of the war, it is well known
that Greene saved the Continentals from annihilation.''
1 787 — Met in convention at ten o'clock. Two States
more, namely, Massachusetts and Connecticut, were on
the floor to-day .... Dined at home. — Wash-
Patrick Henry born 1 736.
The genius of Patrick Henry was powerful, intuitive,
swift. By a glance of the eye he could take in what an
ordinary man might spend hours in toiling for. His mem-
ory held whatever was once committed to it, all his re-
sources were at instant command ; his faculty for debate,
his imagination, humor, tact, diction, elocution, were
rich and exquisite — John T, Morse.
Brood o'er the land they died to save
Sweet Peace, with sheltering wing.
And freedom's stainless banner wave,
And freedom's anthem sing.
— American Monthlv.
Associate yourself with men of good quality if you es-
teem your own reputation, for it is better to be alone
than in bad company. — Washington's Rules of Behavior.
June is the pearl of our New England year. — Lowell.
The first of June the British fleet appeared in Charleston
harbor. — American Monthly.
1 787 — Major Jenifer coming in with sufficient powers
for the purpose gave a representation to Maryland which
brought all the States in the Union into convention, ex-
cept Rhode Island, which had refused to send delegates. —
Men and women feel the same inclination toward each
other now that they always have done, and which they
will continue to do, until there is a new order of things;
and you, as others have done, may find that the passions
of your sex are easier raised than allayed. Do not, there-
fore, boast too soon nor too strongly of your insensibility.
Extract from a letter of Washington's to Nelly Custis.
Keep up a brave heart. They have begun it, that
either could do, and we'll end it, that only one can do. —
1775 — Flight of Lord Dunmore from Williamsburg,
Virginia, to his warship Fowey.
Nathan Hale born 1755.
Patrick Henry died 1799. "The remarkable orator of
When Mrs. Washington came from Mount Vernon to
New York, after the inauguration, we are told in journals
of the day that, "like her illustrious husband, she was
clothed in the manufactures of our own country, in
which her native goodness and patriotism appeared to the
greatest advantage." — American Monthly.
Andrew Jackson died 1843.
The child of the Revolution, the old man of seventy,
closed his eyes in everlasting repose at his beloved Her-
mitage. — National Portrait Gallery.
" Ladies you had better leave off your high roles,
Lest by extravagance you lose your poor souls;
Then haul out the wool, and likewise the tow,
Twill clothe our whole army, we very well know."
— A Revolutionary Soldier.
— Customs and Fashions in Old New England.
Let your recreations be manful, not sinful. — Washing-
ton's Rules of Behavior.
Joseph Warren born 1741.
We study men's lives backward to discover the germs
of excellence in their youth ; may we not also prophesy
of what would have been had opportunity been given ?
No augury of excellence could well be based on a surer
foundation than the hope which was dashed to the
ground with the fall of Warren. — Evert A. Duyckinck.
Nathaniel Greene died 1 786.
" Sir, he stood high in the opinion of Washington."
Love is said to be an involuntary passion, and it is
therefore contended that it cannot be resisted. This is
true in part only, for, like all things else, when nourished
and supplied plentifully with aliment, it is rapid in its
progress; but let these be withdrawn and it may be
stifled in its birth or much stinted in its growth. . . .
— Extract from Washington's Letter.
On Saturday, June 14, 1777, the American Congress
took the first legislative action of which there is any rec-
ord for the establishment of a national flag for the sov-
ereign United States of America. — American Monthly.
1775 — General Washington made commander-in-
chief of the continental forces.
No shout disturbs the night,
Before the fearful fight^
There was no boasting high — no marshaling
Of men, who ne'er might meet again,
No cup was filled and quaffed to victory.
— ^John Neal,
1775— The Battle of Bunker Hill.
Death of Warren. Burning of Charleston.
"The old Continentals, in their ragged regimentals,
faltered not. " — Lossing's Field Book.
1778 — Philadelphia evacuated by the British.
Richard Henry Lee died 1 794.
One of that band of high-minded gentlemen in Vir-
ginia whose intelligence and spirit gave the strength of
manhood to the infancy of the Revolution. — Evert A.
1778 — We have heard an astonishing piece of news:
The English have entirely left the city; it is almost im-
possible. Evening — A horseman has just confirmed the
above intelligence. They decamped yesterday. It is
true; they have gone, past a doubt. May they never,
never return. I understand that General Arnold
has command of the city. I now think of nothing but
returning to Philadelphia. — From the diary of Miss Sally
It was not until June 21,1 788, that nine States ratified
If we desire to avoid insult, we must be able to repel
it. If we desire to secure peace — one of the most power-
ful instruments of our prosperity — it must be known that
we are at all times ready for war. — Extract from a speech
To call up our ancestors before us, with all their pecu-
liarities of language, manners and garb, to show us over
their houses, to seat us at their tables, to rumm.age their
old wardrobes, to explain the uses of their ponderous fur-
n iture, these parts of the duty which properly belong to
the historian, have been appropriated by the historical
novelist. — Macaulay.
Watson says that weddings in Old Philadelphia, even
among Friends, were "very expensive and harassing to
the wedded." The bride's home was filled with com-
pany to dine, the same guests usually staying to tea and
supper, while for two days punch was served in great
profusion. — Colonial Days and Dames.
At one of her ladyship's drawing rooms, owing to the
extreme lowness of the ceiling, the ostrich feathers in the
head-dress of a most distinguished belle, in New York
city, (Miss Mary McEvers), took fire from the chandelier.
They were extinguished by one of the gallant gentlemen
clapping them between his hands. — American Monthly.
" His integrity was most pure, his justice the most in-
flexible I have ever known; no motives of interest or
consanguinity of friendship or hatred being able to bias
his decision." — So wrote Jefferson of Washington.
The Battle of Monmouth was one of the most severely
contested during the war. — Lossing's Field Book.
1778 — Battle of Monmouth. Retreat of Charles Lee,
victory of Washington.
1776 — Charleston, South Carolina, attacked by Sir
Peter Parker and Sir Henry Clinton; after ten hours' fight-
ing the British were repulsed by Sir Henry Clinton.
''Mrs. Knox" says the Duke de la Rochefoucauld Linn-
coust, " is a lady of whom you conceive a still higher
opinion the longer you are acquainted with her. Seeing
her in Philadelphia you think of her only as a fortunate
player at whist; at her house in the country you dis-
cover that she possesses sprightliness, knowledge, a good
heart, and an excellent understanding." — Republican
Tradition states that the "lowland beauty" was a Miss
Grimes, of Westmoreland, afterwards Mrs. Lee, and
mother of General Henry Lee, who figured in revolution-
ary history as Light Horse Harry, and was always a
favorite with Washington, probably from the recollections
of his early tenderness for the mother. — Washington
Irving's Life of Washington.
The green ^hollows are filled with blossoming elder —
white as a lake of milk. The pimpernell is awake. The
world is at high tide of delight. — Celia Thaxter.
We cannot claim great antiquity for our flag, and yet
it is older than the present flag of Spain or Germany or
China or Japan or the tricolor of France, and twenty
years older than the one now used by Great Britain. —
When liberty is the prize, who would shun the war-
fare ? Who would stoop to waste a coward thought on
life? — Extract from a Letter of Joseph Warren's.
1 776 — Declaration of Independence.
That old bell is still seen by the patriots' eye
And he blesses it ever when journeying by.
— Lossing's Field Book.
On the fourth of July, 1826, passed away the two
great apostles of American liberty — Thomas Jefferson
and John Adams. — Evert A. Duyckinck.
1779 — New Haven, Conn., plundered by the British,
1781 — Battle near Jamestown Ford.
Daniel Morgan born 1 736.
Paul Jones born 1747. "The popular naval hero of
Our flag adopted officially 1 1 8 years ago ; first waved
above the colors of Great Britain after the Battle of Oris-
kany. When Fort Stanwix was under siege by a com-
bined force of British and Indians, an American flag had
been hastily improvised, the officers giving up their
white shirts to furnish the white stripes, and enough
remnants of red flannel having been found to piece out
the red ones. A blue military cloak was sacrificed to
form the blue field, and the remaining bits of white cot-
ton were cut into stars. — American Monthly.
Let us stand by one another, then, and fight it out like
brave soldiers. — From Putnam's speech.
1 776 — On the 9th of July Washington had the declara-
tion read at six o'clock in the evening at the head of
each brigade of the army.
In person, Daniel Morgan was large and strong. He
was six feet in height and very muscular. Patriotism and
valor were the prominent features of his character, and
the honorable services he rendered to his country during
the Revolutionary War crowned him with glory, and
will remain in the hearts of his countrymen, a perpetual
monument to his memory. — Lossing's Field Book,
John Quincy Adams born 1767. He comes nobly
heralded upon the scene of our Revolutionary annals. —
Evert A. Duyckinck.
In person. Captain Hale was handsome, and in man-
ners, frank and engaging. He was bold and soldierly in
his bearing, and fond of the society of refined ladies, and
a general favorite with them. — Hollister's History of Con-
Francis Marion was a true, unflinching patriot, a man
of deeds, and not of words; a prudent, sagacious soldier,
jiot sudden or quick in quarrel, but resolute to the end. —
Evert A. Duyckinck.
The great fete of Colonial society was a tea drinking,
beginning at six and ending at nine. It was a great dis-
play of hospitality and housewifery. — The Spirit of '76.
Pure and disinterested virtue must ever be its own re-
ward. Mankind are too selfish and too depraved to dis-
cern the pure gold from the baser metal. — Extract from a
letter of Abigail Adams.
1779. — Stony Point taken by the Americans.
Soon Wayne's watchfires at the outposts
Set the murky night ablaze!
Thus was Stony stormed and captured
In the brave colonial days.
— Sara B. Kennedy.
One purpose then we had in view —
To form of States a union true ;
And eyes and hearts were turned to you,
Our banner — grand Old Glory.
— Thomas Dunn English.
Justice and self-preservation are duties as much incum-
bent upon Christians as forgiveness and love of enemies.
— Extract from Abigail Adams' letter.
Of all the thirteen original Colonies, Connecticut,
founded by the learned, wise and polished John Win-
throp, the younger, blessed with a liberal charter and
unimpeded growth — was the Mecca for men of cultured
mind. — The Spirit of '76.
1775 — Continental Fast Day.
More things are wrought by prayer than this world
dreams of. . . . For so the whole round earth is
every way bound by gold chains about the feet of God.
In his " Instructions " Washington commits the con-
duct of the war to Greene's prudence and judgment.
Both were needed for his coming work. It was an un-
dertaking of delicacy and peril, which would have dis-
heartened a less discreet or persevering commander. — E.
Labor to keep alive in your breast that little spark of
celestial fire called conscience. — Washington's Rules of
Roger Sherman died 1793. But good lineage and
intellectual powers of a high order were not adequate
of themselves to form such a character as Sherman's.
It was to be tried in the school of poverty and to buffet
the waves of adversity. — Hollister's History of Con-
Life is too short to have the dearest of its enjoyments
curtailed; the social feelings grow callous by disuse, and
lose that pliancy of affection which sweetens the cup of
life as we drink it.— Extract from a Letter of Abigail
Henry Knox bom 1750. Knox, in his manly frame,
had a woman's heart and tenderness. The brotherhood
of the Society of the Cincinnati, founded as well with
the idea of ''cordial affection" among the officers of the
war, as of patriotism, is said to have originated at the
suggestion of General Knox, and he became the general
secretary of that body on its organization. — Evert A.
George Clinton born 1739. "A soldier and statesman
of the Revolution."
1779 — General Washington made his headquarters at
West Point. The house he occupied was situated in
what is now called Washington's Valley.
I believe there is no one principle which predominates
in human nature so much, in every stage of life, from the
cradle to the grave, in males and females, old and young,
black and white, rich and poor, high and low, as this
passion for superiority. — Extract from a letter of John
Of all Connecticut's cities, New London, famous old
seaport on the Thames, has most claim to be considered
the distinctly original expression of the residential town.
. . . . Here Winthrop upreared his rooftree; here
he joyfully returned from the cares of state; here Saltin-
stall and other governors, jurists, teachers and soldiers
dwelt; here Washington and Lafayette partook of social
cheer. — The Spirit of '76.
1780 — " General Washington arrived at the Robinson
House, situated on the opposite side of the river, a little
below West Point. This house is still standing. It was
also Arnold's headquarters at the time he was command-
ing at West Point and maturing his plans to betray the
fortress into the hands of the enemy, and thus by one
blow annihilate the hopes of the independence of the
Hope is an anchor and a cordial,
Disappointment however will not disconcert us.
— Extract from a letter of John Adams.
Nothing is too slight to be precious; the flashing of an
oar-blade in the morning light; the twinkling of a gull's
wings afar off, like a star in the yellow sunshine of the
drowsy summer afternoon. — Celia Thaxter.
Portsmouth, New Hampshire, at this period was the
seat of a refined and generous hospitality, and few cities
in America could boast of a more cultivated or polite
society. — Republican Court.
Martha Washington, the patient, untiring, unassertive,
gentle yet strong, dignified and right-minded wife, made
her presence felt in camp to help as in the Court to adorn.
— The Colonial Magazine.
As Mrs. Wolcott was moving with her accustomed
ease and dignity through a dance, her figure arrested the
attention of Liston, the British minister, who exclaimed,
turning to Tracy, "Your countrywoman would be ad-
mired even at St. James." ''Sir," replied the senator,
"she is admired even on Litchfield Hill." — Rufus Wil-
Go not thither when you know not whether you will
be welcome or not. Give not advice without being
asked, and when desired, do it briefly. — Washington's
Rules of Behavior.
1 777 — General Herkimer was defeated and slain.
Colonel Willet and Lieutenant Stocton cut their
way through the English camp to alarm the country and
1 778 — Sumpter defeats the British at Hanging Rock,
Thaddeus Kosciusko was born in 1 736, of an ancient
and noble family. He came to America and presented
himself to the Commander-in-Chief, saying, "I come to
fight asavolunteer for American Independence." — Hollis-
ter's History of Connecticut.
Henry Laurens, the eminent South Carolinian, was
born in 1 724. He sacrificed property, ease, health, and
freely perilled his life in the cause of his country. — Hollis-
ter's History of Connecticut.
Let us be cheerful whatever happens. Cheerfulness is
not a sin in any times. — Extract from a letter of John
Every action in company ought to be w^ith some sign
of respect to those present. — Washington's Rules of Be-
John Stark took command of the forces gathering on
the frontier at Bennington prepared for the attack of the
enemy, who on the iith of August, 1777, began their
advance on Saratoga. — Evert A. Duyckinck.
Joel Barlow born 1755. He was one of the celebrities
of the Revolutionary era. The author of the "Colum-
biad." — E. A. Duyckinck.
Don't be in the dumps, above all things. I am hard
put to it to keep out of them. . . . But I will be
gay if I can. — Extract from a letter of John Adams.
1772 — Lord Hillsborough was succeeded by the Earl
of Dartmouth as American Secretary of State.
1778 — Sullivan besieges Newport.
1 777 — The British defeated at Bennington.
" Now, my men, there are the red-coats! Before night
they must be ours, or Molly Stark will be a widow." —
E. A. Duyckinck.
1 780 — Battle near Camden and defeat of the Americans
by Cornwallis, in which Baron De Kalbe is wounded.
Jonathan Trumbull died 1809. Industrious, quiet,
unselfish, trustworthy and with a head never giddy,
however steep the precipice upon which he stood, and a
heart that kept all secrets confided to it as the deep wave
holds the plummet that is dropped into its bosom. — Hol-
lister's History of Connecticut.
Baron De Kalbe, a German officer, . . . came to
America in 1777 with Lafayette and other foreign offi-
cers. . . . His distinguished talents and many virtues
weighed with Congress to appoint him Major-General
in the Revolutionary Army. — Lossing's Pictorial Field
The man who violates private faith cancels solemn ob-
ligations. Whom neither honor nor conscience holds shall
never be knowingly trusted by me. — Extract from a letter
of John Adams.
1 781 — "General Washington took up his headquarters
at the house of Josiah Seth Smith, below Stony Point.
. . . . Beneath its roof, on September 22nd, 1 780,
Andre and Arnold had their meeting."
AUGUST 2 1
Break not a jest where none take pleasure in mirth.
Laugh not aloud, nor at all without occasion. Deride no
man's misfortune, though there seem to be some cause. —
Washington's Rules of Behavior.
1 776 — The British land on Long Island.
I was struck with General Washington. You had pre-
pared me to entertain a favorable opinion of him, but I
thought the half was not told me. Dignity, with ease
and complacency, the gentleman and soldier, looked
agreeably blended in him. — Extract from a letter of Abi-
1783 — General Washington arrived at Rocky Hill, four
miles north of Princeton. "It was there he occupied the
last headquarters of the Revolution. The house was the
home of Judge Derrien; although somewhat dilapidated
is still standing."
. . . For the meeting of the General Congress at
Philadelphia, Washington was joined at Mount Vernon
iDy Patrick Henry and Edmund Pendleton, and they per-
formed the journey together on horseback. It was a
noble companionship. . . . Well may we say of
that eventful period, "There were giants in those days."
— Washington Irving's Life of Washington.
Patrick Henry scouted the idea of sectional distinc-
tions, or individual interests. . . . "All America,"
said he, " is thrown into one mass. I am not a Virgin-
ian, but an American."— John Adams' diary.
1 782 — The last action in the war was near Combahee
Ferry, South Carolina.
1776 — Battle of Long Island. Howe defeats the
American generals Putnam and Sullivan. "It is the
twenty-seventh of August and the British have landed.
The battle begins, and goes against us. Behold through
the smoke Washington's face." — Walt Whitman.
John Stark born 1 728.
1 78 1 — Cornwallis enters Yorktown.
1 778— Battle of Rhode Island.
"There is a natural firmness in some minds which can-
not be unlocked by trifles; but which, when unlocked,
discovers a cabinet of fortitude." — Washington Irving's
Life of Washington.
I know America's capable of anything she undertakes
-with spirit and vigor. "Brave in distress, serene in
conquest, drowsy when at rest," is her true characteristic
— Extract from a letter of Abigail Adams.
'Twas autumn, and a clear and placid day — a day
With silver clouds, and sunshine on the grass.
And in the sheltered and the sheltering groves
A perfect stillness.
The young ladies fi-om the country used to come to the
balls at Annapolis, riding with their hoops arranged "fore
and aft," like lateen sails ; and after dancing all night,
would ride home again in the morning. — Washington Ir-
ving's Life of Washington.
It seems human nature is the same in all ages and coun-
tries. Ambition and avarice reign everywhere, and
where they predominate there will be bickerings after
places of honor and profit. — Extract from Abigail Adams'
" Modesty and mildness are the finest ornaments of the
soul." — Maxim of Penn's.
1774 — The first Continental Congress met in Phila-
delphia and sat with closed doors for more than fifty
days. Washington and Patrick Henry were among the
delegates from Virginia. — Colonial Magazine.
1 78 1 — The traitor, Arnold, burned New London.
The bloody battle of Fort Griswold fought in
Gilbert Motier de Lafayette born 1757.
The name of Lafayette has long been coupled with
that of Washington. Both were men of justice, mod-
esty, untiring usefulness and activity, combined with
great moderation. — E. A. Duyckinck.
Think before you speak; pronounce not imperfectly,
nor bring out your words too hastily, but orderly and
distinctly. — Washington's Rules of Behavior.
1781 — Battle of Eutaw Springs.
These springs are in Charleston district, near the Or-
angeburg line, about sixty miles northwest of Charles-
ton. — Lossing's Field Book.
''There were many traits in the character of John Rut-
ledge calculated to attract the popular admiration. He
was bold, open, frank and ardent in temper and dispo-
sition, and was gifted with those captivating conversa-
tional powers which rarely failed to find their way to the
sympathies and hearts of his fellows." — Lives of the
General Lee looks like a careless, hardy veteran, and
by his appearance brought to my mind his namesake,
Charles the Twelfth of Sweden. The elegance of his
pen far exceeds that of his person. — Extract from a letter
of Abigail Adams.
1777 — Battle of Brandywine. The Americans de-
Every fashionable dame of these far-off Colonial days
wore a frontage — that is, a head-dress formed of rows of
plaited muslin stiffened with wire, one above the other,
and diminishing in size as they rose. — Spirit of '76.
The dress of the gentlemen was rich with silver lace,
the coats lined with silk, the waistcoats of satin, some-
times 'broidered in seed pearls, the breeches trimmed with
silver at pockets and knees; the stockings of silk, and the
low shoes adorned with immense silver buckles. — Story
of the City of New York.
There is in our hearts an indignation against wrong
that is righteous and benevolent; and he who is destitute
of it is defective in the balance of his affections and in
his moral character. — Extract from a letter of John Adams.
New York evacuated by the Americans in 1 776 and
occupied by the British. For seven years two months
and ten days from this date the city of New York re-
mained in possession of the British.
Some faults have we all, and so has my Joan,
But then they're exceedingly small;
And now I've grown used to them so like my own,
1 scarcely can see them at all.
— Benjamin Franklin.
On September 1 7, 1 787 — a day ever to be memorable
— Washington affixed his bold and handsome signature to
the Constitution of the United States. — American States-
A not unworthy daughter-in-law of the thrifty mis-
tress of the Blue Bell was Deborah Reed, the wife of Ben-
jamin Franklin, whose dignity, discretion and great pa-
tience during the long absences of her "dear child"
entitle her to the respect and admiration of those who
revere her more brilliantly endowed husband. — Colonial
Days and Dames.
Life takes its complexion from inferior things. It is lit-
tle attentions and assiduities that sweeten the bitter
draught and smooth the rugged road. — Extract from a
letter of Abigail Adams.
The sanctity and quiet of Sunday were strictly observed
by Washington. — Washington Irving's Life of Washing-
I also forgot, among the china, to mention a large fine
jug for beer, to stand in the cooler. I fell in love with
it at first sight, for 1 thought it looked like a fat, jolly
dame, clean and tidy, with a neat blue and white calico
gown on, good natured and lovely, and put me in mind
of— somebody. — Extract from a letter of Franklin's to his
1776 — Nathan Hale executed in New York.
His last words, his message words,
They burn, lest friendly eye should read how proud and
A patriot could die with his last words, his dying words,
A soldier's battle cry!
— F. M. Finch.
Major Andre captured 1779.
Pride, vanity, envy, ambition and malice are the un-
grateful foes that combat merit and integrity; though for
a while they may triumph, to the injury of the just and
good, the steady, unwearied perseverance of virtue and
honor will finally prevail over them. — Extract from Abi-
gail Adams's letter.
1781 — " General Washington had his headquarters at
the house of Chancellor Wythe at Williamsburg, Va.
Among the associations of the past connected with this
mansion is a legend to the effect that a titled dame^
Lady Skipwith, appears periodically to the tenants of
to-day. She is always dressed in rustling silk brocade,
and her little feet encased in high-heeled slippers."
Patience, perseverance and firmness will overcome all
our difficulties. — Extract from a Letter of John Adams.
1777 — Philadelphia occupied by the British.
Samuel Adams born 1722. Mr. Adams was born and
tempered a wedge of steel to split the knot of lignum vitae
which tied North America to Great Britain. — ^John
Although we cannot avoid first impressions, we may
assuredly place them under guard. — Extract from a let-
ter of Washington's.
They were sad coquettes in their youth — these fair
dames — although they look so demure in their portraits
and proved such exemplary wives and mothers in later
years. Duels and despairing lovers seem scarcely to have
ruffled the serenity of their lovely countenances, or to
have made their hearts beat faster under their stiff bod-
ices. Did they realize, with a wisdom beyond their
years, that heart-breaks were not of necessity fatal. Yet
how crushed and bruised the poor hearts seemed ! — Co-
lonial Days and Dames.
Providence has wisely placed the real blessings of
life within the reach of moderate abilities; and he who
is wiser than his neighbor sees so much more to pity and
lament, that I doubt whether the balance of happiness is
in his scale. — Extract from a letter of Abigail Adams.
Welcome, O brown October, like a monk with a drink-
ing horn, like a pilgrim in russet. — Longfellow.
Major Andre hung as a spy in 1 779.
1777 — Battle of Germantown.
I really am of the opinion that there are few of the
young fellows of the modern age exempt from vanity,
more especially those who are blessed with exterior graces.
If they have a fine pair of eyes they are forever rolling
them about; a fine set of teeth, mind, they are great
laughers; a genteel person, forever changing their attitudes
to show them to advantage. Oh, vanity, vanity; how
boundless is thy sway. — From Miss Sally Wister's Diary,
Time misspent and faculties misemployed, and senses
jaded by labor or impaired by excess cannot be recalled.
— American Statesmen.
Washington's residence in New York — The first presi-
dential residence was at the junction of Pearl and
Cherry streets, Franklin Square. — Washington Irving's
Life of Washington.
1 78 1 — General Lincoln had the honor of opening the
first parallel before Yorktown.
1780 — Battle of King's Mountain. The British general
Ferguson totally defeated by the mountaineers of the
1777 — Second battle near Stillwater.
John Hancock died 1793.
He was easy and engaging in his manners; liberal in
the employment of his wealth, turning his influence to
good account. — Evert A. Duyckinck.
1779 — Battle of Savannah.
The Dorothy Quincy who married John Hancock is not
to be confounded with the Dorothy Q. of Holmes's poem.
— Daughters of the Revolution and Their Times.
Speak no evil of the absent, for it is unjust. — Wash-
ington's Rules of Behavior.
Jonathan Trumbull born 1710. As the Revolution
approached, it was to men like Trumbull that the country
specially looked for advice and counsel. — E. A. Duyck-
. . . . Washington triumphed gloriously as never
soldier triumphed before over enemies^ over circumstances,
over himself, and plucked glory for himself, freedom for
us, help for the world from the very darkness of engulf-
ing desperation. — Rev. Daniel Sylvester Tuttle, D.D.,
William Moultrie, the distinguished major-general of
the Revolution was one of the earliest as well as ablest
supporters of the popular cause. Born, according to
some accounts, in England, about the year 1 730. — Evert
"Jonathan Harrington, the fifer of the Lexington
minute men, was sixteen years old."
The term " Brother Jonathan" was frequently applied
by Washington to Governor Trumbull. When he
wanted honest counsel and wise, he would say, " Let us
consult Brother Jonathan." — Hollister's History of Con-
1 777 — Burning of Kingston.
1 777 — Surrender of General Burgoyne.
"Would we, therefore, be true to the instincts of human
nature if, as Americans, we felt no pride in these great
facts, or allowed them to sink into obscurity with the
lapse of time?" — Colonial Magazine.
1781 — Battle of Yorktown. "Past two o'clock and
Cornwallis is taken." " The proud army of British vet-
erans under Lord Cornwallis marched out of their entrench-
ments to the old British tune "The World Turned Up-
side Down," and surrendered their arms, thus closing the
active military operations of the War for American Inde-
In the presence of others sing not to yourself with a
humming noise, nor drum with your fingers or feet. —
Washington's Rules of Behavior.
1777— A company destined for reinforcement of Fort
Mifflin, across the river, arrived at Red Bank for the
night, bringing news of a march of about twelve hundred
Hessians under Colonel Dunop in their rear on their way
to attack Red Bank. — Lossing's Pictorial Field Book.
May the blood spilled by thousands with equal merit in
the cause of independence and freedom be to the ensu-
ing generations an eternal pledge of unalloyed repub-
licanism, federal union, public prosperity and domestic
happiness. — Toast given by Lafayette in 1825.
1777 — Battle of Red Bank. The whole country rang
with the story of Colonel Greene and his brave Rhode
Island garrison. Washington at once sent him an ele-
gant silver sword, which the brave colonel never saw. —
American Monthly Magazine.
Some of the old provincial mile-stones, however, re-
main, and put us closely in touch with the past. . . .
Between Boston and Philadelphia there are moss-grown
stones that were set under the supervision of Benjamin
Franklin when he was Colonial Postmaster-General. —
Customs and Fashions in Old New England.
1774 — The Edenton Tea Party. At the residence of
Mrs. Elizabeth King, at Edenton, North Carolina, fifty-one
patriotic ladies met and passed resolutions commending
the action of the Provincial Congress. They also declared
that they would not conform " to that pernicious custom
of drinking tea," or that the aforesaid ladys would not
promote ye wear of any manufacture from England, un-
til ye tax was repealed. — American Monthly Magazine.
" Nathaniel Greene was born a general."
John Adams was'diligently employed in the preparatory
measures which led to the Declaration of Independence
and confederation of the following year. As the time
approached, his activity and boldness were displayed as
the full grandeur of the scene rose to his mind. — Evert A.
1776— Battle of White Plains.
On the evening of the 29th of October, 1 773, the Sons
of Liberty again assembled at the Green Dragon. A
ship had dropped anchor off Castle William, bringing
the news that Parliament had passed a law taxing tea. —
Daughters of the Revolution and Their Times.
The Green Dragon stood in Green Dragon Lane, now
Union Street. . . . The rooms were named Devon
shire, Somerset, Norfolk respectively, for the shires of
England. — Daughters of the Revolution and Their Times.
On one occasion at a dinner table, several officers
swore in conversation. Washington laid down his knife
and fork and said: "I thought we were all gentlemen.'
— Extract from an address by the Rev. A. N. Lewis.
Like birds of passage that have taken their departure,
so abruptly blossoming June, midsummer, and nutty
brown October have journeyed into other lands. — Syl-
John Cadwalader drilled and entertained ....
this company, "The Greens," called in derision the "Silk
Stocking Company," most of its members being gentle-
men who afterwards formed a part of General Cadwala-
der's brigade, which distinguished itself on many battle-
fields. — Colonial Days and Dames.
1783 — The American army disbanded.
The battalion of Associators, known as "The Greens,"
and commanded by John Cadwalader, . . , wore
green uniforms faced with buff, their hats a hunter's cap,
and "were without exception the genteelest companies
he (Silas Deane) had ever seen. — Colonial Days and
Heaven seems to have granted us our desire. May it
also direct us to improve it aright. — Extract from a Letter
of Abigail Adams.
With respect to the distribution of your time, the fol-
lowing is what I should approve: From 8 to 10, prac-
tice music; from 10 to i, dance one day and draw an-
other; from 1 to 2, draw on the day you dance and write
a letter next day; from 3 to 4, read French; from 4 to 5,
exercise yourself in music; from 5 till bedtime, read Eng-
lish, write, &c. — Extract from a letter of Thomas Jeffer-
son to his daughter Martha.
The olden time girl, except in the house of the Puritan
and the Quaker, was taught to dance as well as to use
her needle. ... Dr. Franklin expressed great inter-
est in Sally's dancing. — Colonial Days and Dames.
Madam Faith Trumbull contributed her scarlet cloak to
the soldiers of the Revolution in 1777. It was after-
wards cut into strips and employed as red trimmiing to
stripe the dress of the American soldiers. — Hollister's His-
tory of Connecticut.
1775 — Lord George Germaine becomes American Sec-
retary of State.
I was dressed in a light French blue coat, with a high
collar, broad lapels, and large gilt buttons, a double-
breasted Marseilles vest, Nankeen — colored cassimere
breeches, with white silk stockings, . . . and full
lace ruffles on my breast and at my wrists, together with
a ponderous white cravat, with a pudding in it, as we
then called it ; and I was considered the best dressed
gentleman in the room. — Extract from a letter to Gen.
If virtue was to be rewarded with wealth it would not
be virtue. If virtue was to be rewarded with fame it
would not be virtue of the sublimest kind. — Extract from
a letter of John Adams.
Be not forward but friendly and courteous, the first to
salute, hear, and answer; and be not pensive when it is a
time to converse, — Washington's Rules of Behavior.
"Laurence Washington, . , . called Mount Vei-
non, after the British admiral Vernon, under whom he
had served in the Spanish war. . . . He died 1752,
leaving George the guardian and eventual inheritor of
Mount Vernon." — Colonial Magazine.
A veteran officer of the Revolution used to speak in
his old days of the occasion on which he first saw Ham-
ilton. It was during the memorable retreat through the
Jerseys. ''I noticed" said he, "a youth, a mere stripling,
small, slender, almost delicate in frame, was marching
beside a piece of artillery, with a cocked hat pulled
down over his eyes, apparently lost in thought, with his
hand resting on the cannon, and every now and then
patting it as he mused, as if it were a favorite horse or pet
plaything." — Washington Irving's Life of Washington.
1 777 — The Articles of Confederation were adopted by
1776 — Fort Washington taken by the British.
I shall call that my country where I may most glorify
God and enjoy the presence of m.y dearest friends. —
Extract from a letter of Governor Winthrop.
1 776 — Fort Lee evacuated.
•777 — The Americans evacuate Fort Mercer.
In glancing over the colonies North and South there
seems to have been no life more delightful than that of
Maryland and Virginia. Handsome, spacious mansions,
a fertile soil, genial climate, fine horses and retinues of
servants conspired to give the home life of the Southern
planter many of the characteristics of English country life.
— Colonial Day and Dames.
Not a word other face, of her shape, or her air,
Or of flames, or of darts, you shall hear;
I beauty admire, but virtue 1 prize,
That fades not in seventy year.
— Benjamin Franklin.
Nature has made more insects than birds, more but-
terflies than eagles, more foxes than lions, more peb-
bles than diamonds. The most excellent of her produc-
tions, both in the physical, intellectual and moral world,
are the most rare. — Extract from Abigail Adams' letter.
God helps them who help themselves. — Benjamin
It was in the drawing-room of Mrs. Robert Morris
that the Prince de Broglie performed his feat of tea-drink-
ing, accepting one cup of tea after another because they
were offered to him by a lady, as he afterwards ex-
plained, adding, *' I should be even now drinking it if
the ambassador had not charitably notified me at the
twelfth cup that I must put my spoon across it when I
wished to finish with this sort of warm water." — Colo-
nial Days and Dames.
Colonial women faced perils and difficulties with un-
failing heroism and patience. " To find a way or make
one " seemed to be the motto of the hour. Danger de-
veloped latent courage, and emergency seemed to whet
mother wit to keen edge. — Colonial Days and Dames.
. . . But the day of days . . . was when the
lady . . . came down the steps as a bride in her trav-
elling dress of rich silk, attended by the groom, who was
brave in satin, velvet and shining buckles. When the
steps of the great black chariot with its yellow wheels
were let down, and the bride stepped in and the groom
took his place beside her, the moment was intensely-
thrilling — the last act in this drama of love. Are there
any such weddings now ? Are there any brides like
those ? — Colonial Days and Dames.
The famous belle, Mrs. Vining, in a letter to Governor
Dickinson in 1783, wrote, ''Here, or more properly speak-
ing, in New York, you enter the room with a formal
set curtsy, and after the how-do's, things are finished;
all's a dead calm till the cards are introduced, when
you see pleasure dancing in the eyes of all the matrons,
and they seem to gain new life." — Republican Court.
1 778 — British forces sail for Georgia.
Where there is most learning, sense and knowledge^
there is always observed to be the most modesty and rec-
titude of manners. — Extract from a letter of Abigail
When we look into the faces of some of these, Colonial
dames, as they have come down to us in portraits of the
time, and read there the strength, nobility and self-restraint
that the lines disclose, we realize how much these women
contributed toward the character-building that rendered
the Revolutionary period an almost phenomenal epoch in
the history of nations. — Colonial Days and Dames.
if men turn their backs and run from an enemy, they
cannot, surely, expect to conquer him. — Extract from a
letter of Abigail Adams.
Softly, thickly, fastly fall the snowflakes — like the
seasons of life upon man. — I. K. Marvel.
Richard Montgomery born 1736, The noble-spirited
hero, of vivid intellect and ardent susceptibilities, brought
military experience and domestic virtue to the service of
the Revolution. — Eveit A. Duyckinck.
Vapors avaunt! I will do my duty and leave the
event. If I have the approbation of my own mind,
whether applauded or censured, blessed or cursed by the
world, I will not be unhappy. — ^John Adams.
"On December 4th, Washington's officers assembled in
Fraunces's Tavern to bid him farewell. Taking a glass
of wine, he lifted it up and said simply, "With a heart
full of love and gratitude, 1 now take my leave of you,
most devoutly wishing that your latter days may be as
prosperous and happy as your former ones have been
glorious and honorable."
1 782 — Charleston evacuated by the British.
It was General Washington's custom frequently, when
the day was fine, to come out to walk attended by his
secretaries, Mr. Lear and Major William Jackson, one on
each side. He always crossed directly before his own
door to the sunny side of the street and walked down.
He was dressed in black, and all three wore cocked hats.
— From the Note Book of the late Mrs. Horace Binney
Wallace of Philadelphia.
Sunday at home with my family thinking, reading,
searching, concerning taxation without consent. — ^John
Washington was to open the session of Congress. He
stood in all his civic dignity and moral grandeur — erect,
serene, majestic. His costume was a full suit of black
velvet; his hair, in itself blanched by time, powdered to
snowy whiteness; a dress sword at his side, and his hat
held in his hand. — Mr. Richard Rush.
1776 — Washington crossed the Delaware.
" These," wrote Thomas Paine, " are times that try
It may be the action at Great Bridge, near' Norfolk,
Virginia, fought December ninth, 1775, is entitled to the
honor of being called the first victory of the Revolution.
— American Monthly Magazine.
Governor Wolcott in a letter to his mother from New
York, writes: "As there appears to be great regularity
here; honesty is as much in fashion as in Connecticut;
and I am persuaded that there is a much greater atten-
tion to good morals than has been supposed." —
In the early part of the Revolution the very boys wore
wigs, and their dress was similar to that of the men. —
American Monthly Magazine.
John Jay born 1 745. The Christian patriot of the
Revolution. His favorite maxim was — " Those who own
the country ought to govern it." — Evert A. Duyckinck.
Broad-minded, higher-souled, there is but one who
was all this, and ours, and all men's Washington. —
General Washington died 1 799.
Thrice favored Virginia — to have formed the early lite
of such a man, to have rocked his cradle, and to con
tain his ashes. — Richard Rush.
Blessed be that man who is possessed of true love of
liberty; let all the people say Amen. — From the Rev.
David Jones's address.
1773 — Boston Tea Party.
How odd it is tiiat the liberties of America should
have anything to do with a cup of tea. — Hawthorne.
The waters in the rebel bay
Have left their tea-leaf savor,
Our old north enders in their spray —
Still taste a Hyson flavor.
— Oliver Wendell Holmes.
Be not angry at table whatever happens; and if you
have reason to be so, show it not; put on a cheerful
countenance, especially if there be strangers; for good
humor makes one dish a feast. — Washington's Rules of
Lafayette wrote to his wife in 1777: "Host and
hostess sit at the table with you and do the honors of a
comfortable meal; and on going away you pay your fare
without higgling." — Customs and Fashions of Old New
About Christmas time, 1 777, Mr, Bushnell committed
to the Delaware River a number of his " infernal, ma-
chines " in the form of kegs, which he designed should
float down and destroy the British fleet at Philadelphia;
but the strange squadron having been separated and re-
tarded by the ice, demolished but a single boat. — Hol-
lister's History of Connecticut.
The cannons roar from shore to shore;
The small guns loud did rattle;
Since wars began, I'm sure no man
E'er saw so strange a battle.
From morn to night, these men of might
Displayed amazing courage,
And when the sun was fairly down,
Repaired to sup their porridge.
—The Battle of the Kegs.
When a person or people are in a state of perplexity,
and know not what to do, they ought never to do I
know not what. — From a letter of John Adams.
Washington resigned his commission as Commander-
in-Chief of the American armies 1783.
Oldmixon describes Germantown in 1 700 as composed
of one street a mile in length, lined on each side in front
of the houses with blooming peach trees. — HoUister's
History of Connecticut,
In the beauty of the lilies Christ was born across the sea,
With a glory in His bosom that transfigures you and me;
As He died to make men holy, let us die to make men
While God is marching on.
— Mrs. Julia Ward Howe's Battle Hymn.
On Christmas Day in Seventy-six,
Our ragged troops, with bayonets fixed,
For Trenton marched away.
— Moore's Ballads and Songs of the Revolution.
1 776— Battle of Trenton.
"The Trenton campaign has all the qualities of some
of the last battles fought by Napoleon in France before
his retirement to Elba. Moreover, the battles show not
only generalship of the first order, but great statesman-
The earliest roads for travel throughout New England
followed the Indian trails or paths, and were but two or
three feet wide. — Customs and Fashions in Old New
1778 — The British captured Savannah.
" Our women of the Revolution were strong factors
from its incipiency and through every step of its prog-
gress; they worked untiringly with hands and brains,
providing food, clothes, and all that was needful— watch-
ful of the fold and of events; quick of wit, clever at ex-
pedients, skilful in diplomacy, and as spies unequalled.''
— The Colonial Magazine.
"As yet our histories contain scarcely more than the
groundwork; the record of marches, skirmishes, defeats,
losses, want and suffering, and, to crown all, the glori-
ous fruition so long struggled for, so hardly won; but
when these fireside tales of home life and personal ad-
ventures run like a thread of shining gold through this
fabric of bare cold facts, giving brightness, life and
warmth to our revolutionary history, then will shine
forth also the glorified faces ot the women factors, and
their factorship be recorded." — The Colonial Magazine.
The colored design on the cover is used by the
courtesy of " The Spirit of '76/' a monthly publication
issued in the interests of patriotic organizations. Office.
14 Lafayette Place, New York City. Subscription price,
$1 a year.
H32 75 Si*^