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Printed by Eyre and Spottiswoode, 
Her Majesty's Printers. 


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1509 1573, 











CALENDAR HENRY VIII., 1509-1546 - 

EDWARD VI, 1547-1553 - 

MARY, 1553-1558 

ELIZABETH, 1558-1573 


a 3 


THE history of the inhabitants of the whole of the United 
Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland is, and always has 
been from the earliest times, so intimately connected, that it 
is impossible to study the progress of any one portion 
without that of the rest ; but still the details of the great 
events and leading historical catastrophes of several of the 
grander sections of the Empire are so diffuse and extensive 
that they are well classed and studied in separate divisions 
of the same whole. 

In accordance with this principle, the correspondence in 
this Department relative to the Viceregal Government of 
Ireland, has ever been preserved in a separate series. It 
consists of original despatches from the Lord Lieutenant, 
the Council, the Vice-Treasurer and Treasurer at Wars, 
the Archbishops and Bishops, the chief nobility and the 
military commanders in Ireland, to the Sovereign, the Privy 
Council, the Secretary of State, the Lord Treasurer, and 
other leading noblemen of the government in England. 
These despatches are frequently accompanied by copies of 
letters sent from the English captains and governors of 
forts and districts, noblemen, native Irish chieftains, and 
mayors and corporations of towns to the Lord Lieutenant, 
or his deputy, or other official personage in Ireland. In addi- 
tion to these there are the drafts and minutes of the answers 
sent to these despatches, estimates of money wanted, memo- 
randa made by the Secretary of State in England ; books of 
establishments for Ireland, containing the names and fees of 
all the captains, judges, and civil officers ; the memoranda 
and notes of instructions of persons sent from the govern- 

. a 4 


ment in Ireland to solicit for money, soldiers, and armour ; 
and the petitions of individuals who had suffered for their 
loyalty to the Crown, or who had been deposed from their 
offices on the reduction of expenditure after the suppression 
of rebellions, or who had been deprived of their offices by 
new governors, to make room for their own confidential 
employes ; together with books on the state of Ireland, 
presented by old servitors either in attendance on the court, 
or prosecuting private suits ; and projects for the ameliora- 
tion of the country by planting English colonies, or esta- 
blishing fisheries ; all which, having been delivered into the 
hands of different members of the Government for the time 
being, were carefully preserved, and finally deposited in the 
office for keeping Papers and Records concerning matters of 
State and Council. 

To these there have recently been added some valuable 
Irish documents,* selected from the papers of State, which 
were once in the possession of Sir Nicholas Throkmorton, and 
which were committed by his son Arthur to the disposal of 
Sir Henry Wotton, who left them by will to King Charles I., 
" to be preserved in his paper office," but which did not 
come into the possession of the Crown till August 1857> 
when a portion of them was restored to their proper place of 
custody, by the late Right Honourable John Wilson Croker, 
only two days before his death. To this valuable bequest 
was added a large mass of State Papers of the like nature 
and subsequent date, which had belonged to Sir Edward 
Conway, afterwards Baron Conway and Viscount Killultagh, 
Secretary of State to James I. and Charles I. 

* One of these papers is calendared at page 36, No. 15, another at 
page 184, No. 6. It is curious that at p. 184, No. 5, is Shane O'Neill's 
original submission signed and sealed, and that No. 6, this Conway, or 
rather Throkmorton paper, is a, contemporary copy of it, enriched with 
the names of the foreign ambassadors and courtiers who were present on 
the interesting occasion. 


These documents, having been arranged and dated, have 
now been amalgamated in one chronological series, a work 
which has not been effected without continuous labour, 
but which amply repays the toil by the abundance and 
riches of the history which it has concentrated. 

Here are collected letters from all the great men of the 
reigns of the Tudors and Stuarts, forming an unbroken and 
contemporary narrative of every incident of those stirring 
and anxious epochs. 

Mr. Lemon and Mr. Bruce have fully stated in the 
prefaces to the Calendars of Domestic Papers, respectively 
edited by them, the plan and object of these publications, 
but a few words may here be more especially addressed to 
the student of Irish History. 

The power of the English in Ireland had so much 

decreased in Henry VII.'s time, that the old Irish system 

of government in clans, or separate small nations, had 

revived, and was in full force throughout the greater part 

of the land. Of this government and its workings we 

have the best and most ample accounts in these papers. 

The wars of Henry VIII., Mary, and Elizabeth reveal the 

whole strength and weakness of the system, and show how 

the superior combination of the English, supported by 

continual supplies of men and money from home, prevailed 

over the craft and daring of the native chiefs and favourite 

generalissimos. This is a subject, too, which will be found 

of considerable value in the study of Universal History, for 

the position of Ireland was so remote from the earlier seats 

of civilization that the rude way of living, described by 

Hesiod and the old poets, still lingered there till the 

period embraced by this Calendar. Indeed, most of the wild 

Irish led a nomade life, tending cattle, sowing little corn, 

and rarely building houses, but sheltered alike from heat 

and cold, and moist and dry, by the Irish cloak. 


As an illustration of these primitive manners, it may be 
observed that Thomas Smith was the only apothecary* in 
Ireland in Queen Elizabeth's time ; nor was the unit of 
progress followed up by any rapid improvement. 

In 1564 Shane O'Neill set forth all kinds of husbandry 
and sowing of wheat, f yet. as late as 1791J there was 
but one flour mill in all Ulster. "We are also forcibly 
reminded of the customs of the Gauls and Britons, when we 
read that the rebel has reaped the corn, and hid it in woods 
and caves,|| an operation which, however rude, was exten- 
sively practised, and the disadvantages to those who did not 
adopt it were frequently very great, for the corn in the 
English yards was burned by the O'Reillys.^" The Tudors, 
however, supported the more civilized English settlers by the 
strong arm of their power. The fame of the warriors they 
employed has reached down, through many succeeding 
turmoils, to the present day, and the names of the Earl of 
Sussex, Sir Walter Ralegh, Sir George Carew, Sir Humfrey 
Gylberte, Sir Henry Wallop, Sir Henry Sydney, Colonel 
Edward Randolfe, and Sir Geo. Stanley are but a few of the 
host of prowess which they despatched to make the rebel feel 
their power ; and abundant indeed is the evidence that they 
did make it felt. The nature of the destruction wrought by 
them may be gathered from such expressions as these : 
" A man may ryde southe, west, and northe XX or XL 
" myles, and see neither house, corne, ne cattell." " Many 
" hundreth of men, wymen, and chilldren are dedde of 
" famyne."** While in the reduction of the O'Conors and 
O'Mores, in 1564, only 90 of the O'Conors and 35 of the 
O'Mores were slain and executed, f^ 

* Although there was but one apothecary there was no lack of 
native leeches. f Page 237, No. 69. 

\ Beaufort's Memoir, p. 143. Querns were in use* 

|| P. 314, No. 13. f Ib. 

** P. 145, No. 45. ft P. 247, No. 97. 


Severe, too, were the sufferings which the natives inflicted 
on each other. Thus, the Calough O'Donnell being witness, 
500 competent persons, besides above 4,000 poor, have 
perished through Shane O'Neill's spoils.* This Calough 
O'Donnell was a witness who himself was not over nice in 
such matters ; there had been sharp war between him and 
his father, and his father, too, had banished his father, after 
long fighting, and wasting " all the hole countrey of Tyr- 
" connell."f Thus again, Sydney desires to know whether 
the Queen will choose to bring the people of Ulster to the 
just rule of English law, which is easy, or to banish them 
quite, and unpeople, the soil, which would be chargeable ; J 
and Eleanor, Countess of Desmond, writes, on the llth of 
January 156S, that the country is in such disorder that few 
can trust a father, a son, or a brother. The consequence of 
such insecurity was the building of towers and multiplication 
of castles ; thus the Earl of Ormond writes to the Lord 
Deputy Sydney on the 4th of June 1570,|| that he had 
notes of 123 castles in Thomond alone. And doubtless 
there were many to whom the just rule of English law 
would prove irksome. According to Dean Danyell, the 
Prior Magennis was the worst of these, not only for wilful 
murders, but for many other ungracious doings. ^f 

Among the number of the many ills concomitant with 
the primeval state we find enumerated here the baneful 
ingredient pride. 

" The pride of the wilde Irerishe, by the late modestie 
" and lenitie used with Shane Oneyle," increased in 1564 ;** 
and in 1566ff Shane's pride, joined with his tyranny, is 
intolerable. This was Irish pride, and there are divers 

* Page 247, No. 96. f P. 126, No. 43. 

J P. 296, No. 14. P. 360, No. 16. n. 

1 P. 431, No. 56. in. f P. 386, No. 70. n. 

** P. 234, 235, No. 50. ff April 29, p. 299, No. 40. 


specimens of it ; but we also have instances of other pride 
in the jostlings at the Council Board between the Arch- 
bishops of Dublin and Armagh, which lasted through the 
whole reign, the origin of which is explained at page 118, 
No. 63, where it appears that G, Dowdall was deprived 
of the primacy. 

More agreeable, however, will it be to contemplate the 
valour displayed by Captain William Loggan,* in his defence 
of the King's ship the " Murderer," " which was a Scotes 
ship in tyme past," and was unfortunately on this occasion 
" takene be Fransmene here uppon the Kingis cooste, and 
" be the havene muth of His Majestie's toune of Kynsale ;" 
but " the said Wyllame manly fowght ayenst the said 
" Franshmene where was no mor with hym that stand, as 
" we are informed, sav X men ;" and " after his purser and 
" part of his men was kylle " the " said Wyllame fowght 
" stylle manly and worshipfully, and soo kylle certayn of 
" the said Franshmen ; and soo at the last ayenst they said 
" Franshmen is w r ylles the said Wyllame Logane hath, 
" and soo many as stod with hym, lep out in on of the 
" shipis bott, and soo sav his lyff." 

This correspondence also reveals the deep interest which 
Queen Elizabeth ever took in the government of Ireland. 

In 1564f Lord Robert Duddeley (Leicester) and Cecill 
wrote to the Lord Justice Arnold, that the Queen has 
hastened to return from her progress for the consideration of 
the Irish affairs. 

Again, in 1566,J Cecill writes to Sydney that Her 
Majesty is very greatly heated and provoked to the extir- 
pation of Shane O'Neill. Further, in 1568, Cecill writes, 
" I fyndyng the Queen's Majesty ernestly bent to have 

* P. 72, No. 15. i. f P. 246, No. 

J P. 293, No. 67. October 24. 


** Mr. Stuckly removed from his office, and that she allowed 
" not to appoynt N. Whyte in commission in Minister, did 
" move hir that he might have Stucklyes office, which hir 
" Majesty redely assented unto." But in this letter Cecill is 
very earnest with Sydney on the subject of keeping up the 
correspondence, and writes " My good Lord, I can not but 
" lett you know with what greef of mynd I have long ex 
" pected to receave some letter from yourself. . . . yet 
" such as love you, must nedes be carefull to here what you 
" doo, and I doo not herein blame you. . . . sence yow 
" wer in place ther of Government I can not remembre that 
" I was so long without knolledg from yow, and now nether 
" to heare of yow, nor to receave from yow in a tyme that 
" my care and love, of yow is by profession augmented, truly 
" maketh me both angry and sorry with the mischance." 
And again, Nov. 5,* Cecill writes to Sydney " I did lately 
" wryte to your Lordship by Mr. Gilbert, and as than I 
" was perplexed for lack of understandyng from yow, so not 
" hearyng any thyng sence that tyme my greeff increaseth, 
" and I have some troolle to answer hir Majesty with 
" satisfaction for the lyke lack." 

If Her Majesty were careful of Ireland, Ireland was 
enough to make her careful. The sums of money paid for 
Ireland by the Royal Lady show the value at which she 
prized her Emerald Isle. Auditor Jenyson writes on the 
6th of November f that the Treasurer Fytzwylliams's 
account amounts to nearly 400,000/. Irish. After this 
Cecill's troubles fell thicker upon him than ever, and on 
the 2nd of February J following, he writes to Sydney, " I 
" trust to help yow to the 1,200/. although I have had some 
" sharp words [from the Queen] to myself uppon occasion 
" of speche. Your Lordship maketh many motions for 

* No. 14. f 1568 - I 1568/9. 


" mony. Sackford had 2,000/., and here is Pawle shall 
" have 1,0001. whan the victells shall be thought mete to be 
" sent into the south. Yow also wryte for three marchants, 
" and Paule requireth mony lykwise for hys own dett ; in the 
" end yow desyre that Cockeram may be the conductor of 
" treasure. In all these thyngs I only am forced to breake 
" the Ise, and if I might be answered comfortably as reason 
" requireth, the payne wer tollerable, but truly my Lord as 
" it is used I can not furder endure it j every other Coun- 
" seller is burdened but with assentyng and commandyng, 
" and I am lyke a slave putt to the drugery to carry out all 
" disgracees." But there were occasions on which Her 
Majesty was compelled to listen to the discussion of un- 
pleasant subjects ; the following is a graphic sketch of a 
passage in Cecill's official life : " I* cam to the Court to 
" St. Albon's on Satyrdaye, being so provoqued (called) by 
" the Queen's Majesty, for that hir affayres did dayly grow 
" great, and in dede I fynd a great harvest of busyness, and 
" scant of workmen that will take payne, though good will 
" appereth sufficient in all sorts. The overthrow of the 
" Count of Lodovyk with the triumph of the Duke D'Alva 
" being afor my coming brought to the Court, hath caused 
" the Queen's Majesty to gyve some hearing to such as 
" thynk hir securite can not have contynuance, if the 
" planetts kepe this courss, I trust hir Majesty shall have 
" good Counsell : marry ! an ounce of advise is more worth 
" to be executed aforehand than in the sight of perrills ; 
" but as long as I have served the Queen's Majesty, 
" Epimetheus hath had more to doo than Prometheus." 
The subject of the Queen's marriage also is often alluded 
to. In 1571, December 3,f the Earl of Ormond addressed 
to Burghley a very significant prophesy which shows his 

* P. 385, No. 63. f p - 460 No - 32 - 


ability in the appreciation of character and the calculation 
of events, " I wish all good sucsess to her Majestie's 
" maryage, but I beleve the wether wolbe extreme cold 
" afore she be content to acsept a bedfello." However, to 
return to the affairs of Ireland; there is in 1573* a paper 
containing fifteen items of doubts moved by the Queen's 
Majesty whereof Her Majesty many times requireth to be 
resolved by Her Council, and notwithstanding sundry 
answers made thereto, yet Her Majesty is still desirous to 
be advertised thereof by the Earl of Essex. One item 
includes, What will be the charge to keep Claneboy, if 
Tyrone and Tyrconnell remain out of obedience ? With 
like personal anxiety the Queen does notf allow of Sir 
Warhame Sentleger as President of Munster, as he is not 
likely to be so indifferent in the cases of the two Earls of 
Desmond and Ormond as were meet ; and in this purpose 
she steadfastly remains, for on the llthj June she again 
writes to Sydney " We did in dede mislike to see yow so 
" addicted to the favor of the Earl of Desmond as to place 
" Seintleger the President of that [Munster] Council, whose 
" inward professed friendship towards the Earl of Desmond 
" was notorious." Her Majesty liked an undisguised relation 
of difficult subjects and complained if the style of the 
despatches addressed to her were mystical and dark. 

It is instructive likewise to trace the Queen's care to 
have religion preached in the Irish language ; thus we find 
her recommending Robert Daly to be preferred to the 
Bishoprick of Kildare, " the rather because he is well able 
" to preche in the Irish tongue, and is well commended for 
" his good name."|| 

* P. 535, No. 36. f P. 324, No. 8. 

J P. 335, No. 10. P. 495, No. 28. 

|| P. 234, No. 49. 


It was usual at that period to favour Irish preaching. 
In 1551, November 11, we have the Lord Deputy Croft 
recommending to King Edward VI. the schoolmaster who 
conveyed away the young Gerald Fitzgerald to be made 
Archbishop of Cashel, because he was the " best able to 
" preach in the English and Irish tongue." In 1573,* 
Mr. Browne was recommended for the Bishoprick of Down, 
as being discreet and learned in the Irish language. 

In 1567, the Queen became rather anxious about the 
Irish Testament ; and we have a remembrance, " I tern, f 
" wheare Her Majestic hathe paid 66/. 13s. 4d. to the 
" Bushoppes there for the making of carecters for the testa- 
" ment in irishe, that oneles they do presently J put the 
" same in print, Her Majestic may be repaid." 

Of the language then current in different parts of the 
island we have a good show of examples. In 1567, 
March 20, there is a philological curiosity ; it is a letter 
from Shane O'Neill to Cormac O'Connor, being in Scotland. 
It has an English translation, and also an independent 
Scottish translation, so that, like the Rosetta stone, this 
letter gives the same document in the three chief languages 
of the Empire. 

But, to digress from Queen Elizabeth and her Kingdom 
of Ireland to her relations and friends, we have a gentle hint 
of the necessity of Sir Francis Knollys, who had married 
the first cousin of Queen Elizabeth. Here are his own words, 
showing how "12 chargeable chyldren dyd lie uppon his 
" hande," and that " necessetie made him playe the un- 
" shamefaste cowrtear." Cecill, too, deserves another word. 
In the midst of all his diplomacy he kept his eye on the 

* P. 495, No. 30. f p - 356, No. 70. 

If. Twenty years later it was still imprinted, see Council Register, 
AD. 1586-1587. August 20, 21, p. 428. 

P. 299, No. 37. 


individual subject with a jealous care, and numerous are the 
evidences of his love to trace out the ramifications of family 
relationship whenever he could find an opportunity. In 
Vol. X., No. 28, we have a letter from Terence Danyell to 
Cecill, in which he promises that he " woll draw owt of Irish 
" cronecles, the kynrede and alliaunce of the moost part of 
" the irishemen of Irlande, and theyr pettiegrees, to be sent 
" unto yow." In these Irish papers, also, we often read about 
Cecill's want of health. In June* 1566, Sydney is heartily 
glad to hear of Cecill's recovery ; in Oct. 1 566f Cecill 
writes that he is tossed in a sea of envy, malice, disdain, and 
suspicion. Again, in 1568,J Fytzwylliams writes, " Your 
" estate as yt was here reported was veary harde and dan- 
" gerous, in which yf yt had pleased God to have cawled 
" you hence, your self showlde therby have wone eternale 
" ease with perfytt reste, but what quietnes and reste your 
" naturall countrye showlde by that your blyssed gayne 
" have wone, every honeste godly wyse man seethe." On 
the 5th of November 1568, the Lord of Leicester was in 
Cecill's house at dice and merry, where he hath lodged 
these two nights. 

We read, too, in 1564, April 16,|| of the intercession to 
Henry VIII. for old Latymer when in the Tower, 
" Consider, Sire, what a singuler man he is, and cast not 
" that awaie in one owre which nature and arte hath bene 
" so manye yeres in breeding and perfectinge." 

It would be difficult to add to the praises of the Sydneys ; 
but here are a few notices relative to them. In 15671F 
the Earl of Desmond submits his cause to the Queen's 
princely judgment, or to the unspotted conscience of her 

* P. 306, No. 25. f P. 316, No. 27. 

J P. 386, No. 71. Pp. 392, 393, No. 14. 

|| P. 234, No. 50. ^ P. 346, No. 2. 



Deputy.* This conscientious man was sometimes so far 
excited as to call the nobles he governed hard names ; for 
writing to Cecill, in 1568,f he terms the Earl of Clancarr 
and James Fitzmaurice mischievous monsters, but their 
deeds, as here described, almost justify the use of any 
adjective or substantive to designate the perpetrators. At 
page 298,J we have Sydney's beau ideal of a Bishop. In 
1572, the Lady Mary Sydney prays Burghley to stay the 
new title of Baron to be further offered to her husband, 
as they cannot support it. 

But if the incidents in the lives of Queen Elizabeth's 
courtiers are new and full of interest, the passages in those 
of her Irish nobility are doubly so ; and foremost among 
these ranks Shane O'Neill ; his policy was enmity to the 
Scots, this gained for him in many of his misdeeds the 
connivance of the statesmen who governed Ireland ; but 
it was frequently of great detriment to him, and ultimately 
brought him to his end. 

The first mention of Shane O'Neill which occurs is in 
1551,|| where he is connected with his foster-brother Dean 
Danyell, who attempted to impose upon the credulity of 
Marshal Bagenall by declaring that the nearest part of 
Shane's country was above twenty miles off from the 
place they were at, when in very deed it was but ten 
miles off. In the same letter, which was written by the 
Marshal, there is related an incident in which the ambitious 
rebel^j" comes off second best. " The Baron of Donganan 
" knowing the same (Shane's country) right well, desyrid 
" that he mought have licence with certen horsemen and 

* Sir Henry Sydney who married Mary, daughter of John Duddeley, 
Duke of Northumberland, and by her was father of Sir Philip Sydnei, 
and of Robert, created in 1618 Earl of Leicester. 

f November 12. J No. 31. 

P. 471, 14. || p. 117, No. 56 (1551, Oct. 27). 

*|[ Shane was called " an diomais," or John of the pride or ambition. 

PREFACE. xiii 

" kerne to breke owt to se what he coulde do ; and as they 
" were in the forray, he with iiii horsemen in his companie 
" being farr befFore there fellowes, found Shane upon an hill 
" in his country invironyd with woddes and accompanied 
" with xviii horsemen and threscore kerne ; and perceaving 
" the Barron with so small companie to be there, sayd, 'And* 
" ' the King were there where thowe arte he were myne.' 
" The Barron making no stay thereat but comming fore- 
" warde: ' I am here but the Kinges man and that thowe 
" ' shalt well knowe.' Thus broching his horse with the 
" spores, thrust into the pres, Shane fledde with his companie 
" to the woddes ; the Barron followyd, and having no oportu- 
" nite to strike him, nether with spere nor sworde the woddes 
" were so thick, as he gripid to have takne him by the neck, a 
" bowef in the pace put the Barron from him and allmoste 
" from his own horse. So Shane escapid a fote. The Barron 
" returnid with Shane's horse and spere, and with iij other 
" horses of Shane's companie, and or I, with the fotemen, 
" coulde come to him, he with his companie hadde getherid 
" CCC hedde of cattell, appointing allso a place for our 
" campe." In November J of the same year King Edward VI. 
wrote to the Lord Deputy Croft to take order to send the 
Earl of Tyrone safely over hither [into England], and with 
him also his son Shane O'Neill, " If ye can obteyne hym 
" anywise, for that we perceve by your brother that the said 
" Shane O'Nell is a man likest to followe his fathers condi- 
" tions and to be a like enemy to the state and the weale of 
" our countrye there." Again, in November we find that 
as Shane is likely to amend, and convert himself to.his duty, 
he may still abide in Ireland. We learn at Dec. 22 |f that 
Brian M'Quin Roe's son, brother to Shane, was to remain 

* For an, if. f bough. J P. 119, No. 73. 

P. 120, No. 74. || P. 129, No. 69. 

b 2 


as a sufficient hostage for Shane O'Neill ; and at page 131, 
No. 85, we find a note that King Edward VI. was to send 
a letter " to Shane Onell, an other sonne of the same Erie 
" with answer to his one (own) letter, sent to the King's 
" Majestic." 

In 1558, when " Her Majesties sister the late Queue 
" Marye was in extreme sicknes and daunger of deathe, he 
" did cruelly, wilfully, and trayterously murther his brother 
" the Baron of Dungannon, seke to repossesse himself of his 
" fathers and brothers estates and possessions, and fellonous- 
" lye"* prey and burn divers good subjects in the English 
Pale. Shane O'Neill was also accused of the murder of his 
nephew Brian the young Baron of Dungannon, on the 12th 
of April 1562.f 

In 1559, February,! we are told that Shane O'Neill is 
joined in " gossopryke " with the Lord Justice Sydney, 
which band of friendship he will not break. In 1560 the 
Queen acknowledges the receipt of Sussex's letter concern- 
ing the continuance of Shane O'Neill's evil disposition, and 
authorizes the subjugation of him and the restitution of 

* Extract from the proclamation p. 173, No. 1. 

f Of the agents in these murders we have the following notices : 

On the 16th of July 1561, the Lord Lieutenant Sussex and Council 
write to the Queen : " The same night we received letters from Armagh 
" confirming a report that came to us before, that Shane O'Neill had 
" attempted the burning of the church, and was repulsed with the loss 
" of divers men. The effect of which letters was, that the garrisons 
" within the charge perceiving Shane's men to pass not far off much 
" sparkled and over travelled, issued out, and in skirmish killed two of 
" his best horsemen, the one called Henry O'Neill, who killed the late 
Baron of Dungannon." P. 175, No. 22, p. 3 of MS. 

And again in 1567 Thomas Lancaster writes to Cecill that Doltagh 
Q'Donnelly" he that slew the Baron of Dungannon " was drowned (May 
1567) while flying from O'Donnell ; this is mentioned in the letter 
calendared at page 334, No. 97. 

} P. 152, No. 13. P. 161, No. 30. 


Barnaby the young Baron of Dungannon, " being y e heyre 
in right." On the 8th February 1561,* we find Shane 
writing to Queen Elizabeth an account of his early services, 
and entering very fully into the whole course of his life ; 
this letter contains five sheets. 

At the 4th of March f we have the first draft of a Latin 
protection or safe conduct for Shane O'Neill, an Irish 
subject, whose countries and servants are not in perfect 

June 9}$ Shane writes to the Lord Justice Fytzwylliams 
that he had tortured his messenger and cut off his ear 
because he had not declared his (Shane's) mind. He also 
wishes to know if any news has come from England about 
the money he desires to borrow for his journey. 

On the 28th June Shane writes to the Lord Lieutenant 
Sussex that his messenger has returned from the Queen 
with a gracious answer. Nothing hinders his repair to her 
presence but the lack of money. 

On the 17th of July | Sussex writes that Shane O'Neill 
lays his stay to these three causes ; the fortifying of the 
church of Armagh ; the murder of such as have come in 
to Sussex on protection ; and the fact that Sussex assumed 
the name of Earl of Ulster. 

On 31st July,^f Sussex and the Council write to the 
Queen that Sir William Fytzwylliams and others had slain 
200 of Shane's footmen and divers of his horsemen, among 
whom at the least a dozen of the Donnellaghs and_the 
Hagans, which be the two septs that Shane holds dearest ; 
but at the very commencement of this skirmish 30 of the 
English were slain, including Robert Sexton, petty captain, 

* P. 165, No. 14. f p - 16 ? No. 32. 

J P. 173, No. 2. P. 175, No. 22, ir. 

II P. 176, No. 23. H P. 177, No. 24. 


and Thomas Flodde, Serjeant. On the same day* Sussex 
writes to Cecill that 50 of the best English footmen were 
slain and 50 wounded, and bewails that by the " cowardies 
" of on wretche, whom I held as dere to me as my awne 
" brother, [Shane] was lyke in on ower to have lefte not on 
" man of the army alyve." 

On the 20th of Augustf the Queen writes to Sussex not 
to proceed to extremity against Shane, if he can be brought 
upon flty reasonable conditions to repair to England. 
Money to be lent him, &c. 

On the 24thJ of August the Lord Lieutenant Sussex 
writes to the Queen of his dealings with Shane's seneschal 
and Neal Gray. His proposition to Neal Gray to " kylle " 
Shane O'Neill, for which he shall have 100 marks of land 
by the year to him and to his heirs for his reward. 

On the 27th of the same August the Queen gives 
authority to the Earl of Kildare to go to Ireland and 
induce Shane O'Neill to repair to England in his company. 

On the lst|| of September the Lord Lieutenant Sussex 
and Council write to the Queen of Shane's obstinacy and of 
their intention to set forward against him with the hosting 
on the next day. 

On the 9th,^f they write to the Queen of their proceed- 
ings in Tyrone. 4,000 kine and many gamins taken. 
They have burned and destroyed all about the upper part 
of Glanconkine. 

On the 3rd of October** Sussex writes to Cecill that he 
had taken 1,000 kine from M'Mahon for sending his 
brother to Shane. 

P. 177, No. 25. f P. 178, No. 39. 

P. 179, No. 42, 208, No. 36. P. 179, No. 45. 

P. 179, No. 48. 1 P. 180, No. 52. 
** P. 180, No. 56. 

PREFACE. xvii 

On the IQth of October 11 the Lord Lieutenant Sussex, 
the Earl of Kildare, and the Privy Council write to the 
Queen that peace had been concluded upon the parley 
between the Earl of Kildare and Shane O'Neill. 

The articles of the peacef consisted of seven petitions and 
three promises, viz.: 

1. To have the Earls of Kildare and Ormond, with other 
nobles, to meet him at Carrick Bradock on a day to be 

2. To have the Earl of Ormond to accompany him till he 

3. To have the Earl of Kildare, and others whom he shall 
require, to go with him to the Queen's presence. 

4. To have a protection from the Lord Lieutenant Sussex, 
under the surety of the Earls of Kildare, Ormond, Desmond, 
Clanricard, and Thomond, that he and all his shall go and 
come safely, and that no hurt shall be done to any of his 
urraghs till his return from England into his own country. 

5. To have such a sum of money for the charges of his 
journey as the Earls of Kildare and Ormond shall think fit ; 
the said money to be paid into the hands of the Earl of 

6. To have the Earl of Kildare's surety that the soldiers 
of Armagh shall not hurt him the value of one groat ; and 
that they shall be withdrawn from thence so soon as he shall 
meet the two Earls at Carrick Bradock. 

7. That no Irishman, who owes him allegiance as superior 
lord, shall be maintained against him ; but if they drive 
any prey they may take from him into the English Pale, 
that the parties may be delivered up to him, or satisfaction 
to be made, and he to do the like. 

His first promise is to repair to the Queen's presence, now 
that he is pleased with his pardon. 

* P. 180, No. 59. f P. 181, No. 59, i., ir., & No. 61; 

xviii PREFACE. 

The second is to deliver the pledges he before named for 
the repayment of the money ; 

And the third, to forbear revenge upon Maguire and 
M'Randal Boy; and to do in all things with them according 
to the peace concluded at Dundalk. 

On the 23rd of October* Sussex and the Council write 
to the Queen that the coming of the Earl of Kildare with 
commission to treat with Shane was the destruction of the 
whole campaign. 

On the 21st of November) 1 the Lord Lieutenant Sussex 
writes to the Queen, in defence of his conduct in con- 
senting to the peace, " That your Hyghnes myght thereby 
" yustely revyve the good opynyon ye have hertofore con- 
" ceyved of me and of my dylygent care in your servyce, 
" nowe of late, as it semethe to me, almoste dedd, or at the 
" leaste very colde." " I do confesse that I wyshe this 
" peace had never bene treated apon, yf therle had never 
" comme over with eny suche commyssyon, but therles 
" commyng over with commyssyon to treate enforced a 
" treaty, or a worse matter." " Shanes resolutyons were 
" so certen as he would have all his demaunds granted, or he 
" wowld not go [into England], and therwith deperted 
" presently 40 te myles from thens. Therle [of Kildare] 
" avowed this, and thowght his offers suflfycyent for the 
" suerty of his goyng." " The suspendyng of eny conclu- 
" syon had bene moste perylowse of all others, for that in 
" that tyme Shane showld have had opportunyte to seke 
" revenge (as in suche tymes he ever before did) apon 
" suche as served your hyghnes, and therby encresed his 
" strengthe." " Therles' protectyon, whyche your Majeste 
" wysheth to be stayed, is most ernestly of hym affected, 
" as withowte the whych he wyll not go." " And on 

* P. 181, No. 61. f P. 182, No. 69. 


" other indyrecte advaimtage lyethe also hydden to be taken 
" apon the strictnes of the wordes wrytten in the agrement 
" (whyche with suche a tray tor as he is that sekethe 
" nothyng but deceyte myght very well be allowed) in that 
" therle of Kyldare was put as suertye for the fetchyng 
" awaye of the soldyars in Armawghe, and no worde 
" forbyddynge others to be at eny tyme browght thether ; 
" apon good consyderation wherof, he w r as pressed to put a 
" matter in wrytyng that he had promysed and was not 
" wrytten in the agrement, whyche he refused to do, and 
" therapon awenswer was made to hym, that seyng he 
" wowld putte no more in wrytyng then was in wrytyng 
" alredy, he showld looke for the performance of all thynges 
" wrytten, and of nothynge else." 

November 29* Sussex writes to Cecill that Shane is 
ready to embark for England. 

On the 6thf of January 1562 Shane made his submission 
upon his knees before the Queen in the presence of the 
King of Sweden's ambassador, M. de Morette, the Duke 
of Savoy's ambassador, the Lord Robert Duddeley, Sir 
Francis Knollys, Sir Win. Cecill, and others. 

About the 13th of March J Shane complains to the Queen 
that he has received at the Council's hands "twoo choyses;" 
the one, such articles as the Council sent him three days 
ago ; the other, to tarry the coming of Brian, the son of 
Matthew, called the Baron of Dungannon. He craves 
Her Majesty's advice as to his choice ; desires to borrow 
more money ; prays Her Majesty to choose him a gentle- 
woman for his wife, such as both she and he may agree, 
and in the meantime to appoint him (Shane) to attend on 
my Lord Robert Duddeley, that he may learn to ride after 
the English fashion, to run at the tilt, to hawk, and to 

* P. 183, No. 76. f P. 184, Nos, 5, 6. J P. 188, No. 42. 


shoot or use such other good exercises as he may perceive 
the said Lord to be apt unto. 

On the [21st of March*] Shane complains to the Privy 
Council that his people and country are troubled by the 
sons of Matthew, the late Baron of Dungannon. 

On the 25th of Marchf we have Shane's answer to the 
articles sent to him by the Lords of the Privy Council, 

On the 30th of Aprilf we have the indenture between 
Shane and the Queen. 

On the 5th of May, the proclamation in favour of 

We read, on the 28th of May|| that Shane O'Neill 
arrived in Dublin on the 26th of May and delivered the 
Queen's letter of the 5th, but that he would not rest 
one whole day in Dublin, but had the proclamation pro- 
claimed, and departed with a guard into Tyrone, as it 
was reported that Turlough Lynagh had been made 

On the 19th of June^f Shane O'Neill was half weary 
of his ease. 

On the 27th of August** we have the instructions which 
Shane O'Neill gave to Robert Flemyng and two others 
whom he sent to the Lord Lieutenant Sussex, with the 
answer of Sussex and the Council, and the protection to 
Shane for his repair to Dundalk on the 14th of September. 

On the 20th of Septemberf f the Lord Lieutenant Sussex 
and Council write to the Queen that they had on the 14th 
assembled at Dundalk, to see execution of the indentures 
made in England between Her Highness and Shane O'Neill* 
The refractory behaviour of Shane. Amongst other matters 

* P. 189, No. 61. f P- 190, No. 63. 

J P. 193, No. 99. P. 194, No. 6. 

|| P. 195, No. 14. f P. 197, No. 26. 

** P. 202, No. 75, i. n. in. -ft P. 204, No. 14. 


he sent for resolution was " the sixte, whether I, your 
" Majestie's Lieutenant, wold promyse to gyve unto him 
" my sister in manage ? whereunto I aunswered that that 
" matter was not conteyned in the indenture, but after he 
" had performed that to him belonged in the indenture, I 
" wold desire him and the rest of the nobilytie to my howse 
" at Ardbrakan, as before I had don, where he shuld see 
" and speke with my sister, and if he liked her, and she 
" him, they shuld boothe have my good will, but I cold not 
" promyse to gyve her agains her will." Also Shane's 
parley with the Earls of Kildare, Clanrycarde, Sir Nicholas 
Arnold, and others upon Dundalk Bridge. 

On the 23rd* of September Sir Nicholas Arnold writes 
to Cecill as to the report of a letter sent from Mary Queen 
of Scots to Shane, which arrived at one of his houses, and 
was sent after him to Dublin, while he was on his way to 
England, and Shane's daily practice with King Philip's 
Ambassador while in England. 

On the 29thf Sussex writes to the Queen that " woorde 
" was sent to Shane owte of the Inglishe Pale that my 
" Sister was brought over only to trappe him, and that if he 
" came to eny governer he shuld never retorne." 

At 26th OctoberJ is a letter of the Lord Lieutenant and 
Council touching the reformation of Shane O'Neill. 

On the 2nd of November Shane writes to the Queen 
that some of his people were robbed, and some killed, during 
his absence, and that he has had but 40 kine restored out of 
3,880 kine, and goods to the value of 2,000 marks taken 
from him. 

On the same day|| he writes to the Lord Robert Duddeley, 
with a present of horses, hawks, and greyhounds. 

* P. 205, No. 17. f p - 205, No. 19. 

J P. 208, No. 34. P. 209, No. 39. 

|| P. 209, No. 40. 

xxii PREFACE. 

And again* to Cecill, with the present of a horse, conveyed 
by the bearer John Smyth, the Queen's footman. 

On the 26th of January 1562/3f the Lord Lieutenant 
Sussex and Council write to the Privy Council that they 
had procured O'Reilly, Maguire, and Con O'Donnell to 
join in the Queen's service, and had brought Turlough 
Lynagh, the second person in Tyrone, to forsake Shane 
O'Neill. They intend* to stay Shane from annoying them 
this next bright moon. 

On the 30th of January J Sussex writes that Shane has 
sent for his whole power. " Ther can be no matter moved 
" that tocheth him (Shane), but he knoweth it ether before 
" it be concluded or shortly after." 

In September 16, 1563 the Lord Lieutenant Sussex 
writes to the Lord Shane, admitted to the name of O'Neill 
by the Queen's Commissioners, and confirms the peace. 

In Septemberj| O'Neill articled with Sir Thomas Cusake 
that he should never be called to answer for the slaying of 
his nephew Brian, the son of Matthew, the late Baron of 
Dungaunon, because, by the law of war of Ireland, it was 
determined that he had been properly met with before the 

On the 20th of October** the Queen permits that Shane 
may have and use the state and name of O'Neill, and 
expresses her horror and indignation at the detestable 
attempt by John Smythe for the poisoning of O'Neill with 

In a bond, dated November the l6th,f f there is a sketch 
of the Court and Judges of this regulus of Ulster. 

* P. 209, No. 41. t P- 212 > No. 3. } P. 212, No. 6. 

P. 222, No. 10. || P. 222, No. 11. 

^f Inprimis, quod Dominus O'Neill non coherceatur perpetuo respon- 
dere, vel satisfacere, pro occisione filii Baronis quia, jurcbellico Hibcrnije, 
diffinitum est, eum esse bene inventum. 

** P. 224, No. 38. ft P- 226, No. 59. 

PREFACE. xxni 

After the Urraghs, high captains, and chief nobles of 
Ulster, who corroborated his bond with their signatures, we 
have as witnesses the ex-Chancellor Sir Thomas Cusake, 
one peer, and several Judges and Privy Councillors, and after 
them a remarkable little group, stowed away in a quiet 
corner by themselves, comprising, Sir Patrick Dorelle the 
chauntour of Armagh, Owen O'Hagan O'Neill's secretary, 
Vllialmus Flemin the Judge of Tyrone, and Jacobus the 
Official of Armagh. Who was William Fleming the Judex 
Tyronise, and what was his office ? It is clear that he was 
a Judge of the Brehon law, and not of the Queen's statutes, 
for on the llth of the previous September,* Shane O'Neill 
wrote to the Queen from his camp at Drum Cru " Sed non 
" audeo omittere statuta et ordinationes meorum prsedeces- 
" sorum cum adhuc nee ipse nee mei subditi experti sumus 
" in jure et statutis vestri regni." It is not at all likely that 
Fleming was a Roman officer or a Norman seneschal, for 
we have the laws, and they are Irish, It is curious, then, 
to compare this little Court with a passage descriptive of 
another clan of the same race at a long anterior period. 
Strabo,f in describing the Tectosages, a tribe of Gauls who 
had settled in Galatia, says they were divided into four 
portions, called Tetrarchies, and had a tetrarch, a judge, 
one superintendent, and two subordinate superintendents 
of the army. This Gal ati an Judge is doubtless the same 
officer as our Judex Tyroniae. The laws and institutes of 
the British, the Irish, and the Gauls, seem to lie at the 
surface of history, yet, like the wave of Tantalus, continually 
recede from us. May we not get a view of the internal 
arrangements of an Irish court from some formal document, 
like this bond, which will settle all doubts, and leave us in 

* P. 221. No. 8. f Book XII., Chap. v. 

xxiv PREFACE. 

possession of a full knowledge of the political and social 
state of Ireland, and of Europe, a century before the 
Christian era ? 

How can we wonder that this wild Irishman should feel 
hesitation as to his skill in the Queen's laws, when we find 
it stated in the Articles brought from the Lord Deputy 
Sussex by Sir Henry Sydney in 1557,* to be declared to 
Mary the Queen of England, that " the statute that made 
" fostering with the Irish to be felony is, as they say, lost, 
" and therefore not put in execution." 

The inconveniences arising from this state of things had 
been long felt, for in February 1538, it was proposed that 
order should be taken " for the sure keeping of the King's 
" records, for as they be handled now, it is pity to see them. 
" They should be delivered by indenture to a keeper." 
And it seems that the losses of statutes, and the embezzling 
and falsifying of records must have led to a more watchful 
custody of them, for, on the 13th April 1566, we read that 
Henry Draycott,f Chancellor and Remembrancer of the 
Exchequer, now Master of the Rolls, " hath had the 
" perusing, sorting, and kalendaringe of Her Majesty's 
" recordes," which are " well layd upp in a stronge chamber 
u of one of the towers of Dublin Castle." 

On the 10th of January 1564,J it was demanded what 
answer is to be made to Shane for his requests concerning 
my Lady Frances to be his wife, and " Melefant " for her 
during her life, which is of yearly rent three hundred and 
odd pounds Irish ? 

On the 10th of March Shane finds fault that the 
Queen's Letters Patent do not agree with the peace sub- 

Pp. 137, 138, No. 38. f Pp. 294, 295, No. 8. 

P. 229, No. 4. P. 231, No. 28. 


scribed by him and Cusake, and prays that the first peace 
may be confirmed, and that he may have an English wife, 
especially my Lord of Sussex's sister. 

On a recent occasion we have experienced the difficulty 
of finding a law to punish a would be assassin ; the like 
difficulty was found in the sixteenth century in the case of 
John Smythe, who had determined to poison the people- 
elected ruler of Ulster, for thus, on the 22nd of March,* did 
Sir Thomas Cusake write to Cecill : " Seinge there is no 
" lawe to punishe him other then in discretion by imprisone- 
" ment, which O'Neill woll litle regarde, excepte the partie 
" might be executed by dethe, and that the law doth not 
" suffer, so as the matter being wiselie pacified it were well 
" done so to leave hit, therefor myne opinion is that to 
" enlardg him is the best waye." 

In 1564, May 22f O'Neill writes to the Lord Lieu- 
tenant Sussex, of the favour shown to the sons of the late 
Baron of Dungannon, and desires that the subject of their 
claim may be cleared up, and on June 8J O'Neill doth much 
mistrust of some secret favour to be used towards the late 
Baron of Dungannon's sons, lest they should at length 
obtain the governance of the country. 

On the 13th of June|| Sir Thomas Cusake relates to the 
Lord Justice Arnold, that at the enlargement of O'Donnell, 
being captive with O'Neill, he gave him as a ransom the 
castle of Lifford, the country of Yncheone (Innishowen) 
where O'Dogherty is captain, which country and castle have 
been ever in contention between their ancestors, and besides 
jewels and plate, he promised to give a great number of kine 

* P. 233, No. 38. f P. 236, No. 65. J P. 237, No. 1. 

Which they did when, in 1595, Hugh O'Neill went to the stone 
to receive the name of O'Neill on T. Lynagh's death. 

|| P. 238, No. 11. 

xxvi PREFACE, 

and certain horses and armour ; . . . and after the days 
expired, O'Neill sent to receive them and could receive 
none, and O'Neill went to Lifford thinking to parley with 
O'Donnell to know how he should receive his payment, 
and O'Donnell appointed three days "after other" to meet 
O'Neill, to take order for his payment, and came not, but 

disappointed every day Wherewith O'Neill 

was offended to be so mocked, and being a great host 
of men, 300 horsemen,. 400 galloglas, 200 long bows, 
Scots born in Ireland, 120 gunners, and 500 kerne, 
said that he would not defer longer time. Cusake's 
advice to Arnold, to give O'Donnell but fair words and 
despatch him with a letter to O'Neill, requesting him to 
use Con O'Donnell, who had been made prisoner, well, and 
to stand to order with the said O'Donnell. 

On the 16th of August* Sir T. Wrothe writes to the Lord 
Robert Duddeley on the unsettled state of Ireland, and says 
that Shane O'Neill has written a letter to Captain Pers that 
the town of Carrickfergus, which is Her Majesty's, must 
either pay him the tribute he asks or be preyed. The town 
at that time paid a yearly buying to the Scots. 

On the 18th of August 1564f O'Neill writes to the Lord 
Justice and Council that the Lord Robert Duddeley had 
advised him by letter to do some notable service whereby he 
might be the better accepted of the Queen. He can see no 
greater rebels and traitors than the Scots. He has a mind 
to do them some mischief, and desires permission to enter 

August 22. J The Lord Justice Arnold and Council write 
to O'Neill approving of his intention to attack the Scots. 

P. 244, No. 73. f P. 244, No. 76. 

J P. 245, No, 80. 

PREFACE. xxvii 

Arnold seems to have been a very cunning man in his own 
eyes. On the 29th of January 1565,* he assures Cecill 
that he acts with the wild Irish as with bears and bandogs ; 
so that he sees them fight earnestly and tug each other 
well, he cares not who has the worse. But Cecill professes 
a different creed, for he repliesf that Arnold is not to con- 
sider what the world only will judge, but what God sees ; 
Cecill, as a Christian man, cannot without perplexity con- 
template the wild Irish, set to fight as bears and bandogs. 

On the 29th of October 1564J the Calough O'Donnell 
relates how he sent six standards, which he took from 
Shane O'Neill to the Lord Lieutenant Sussex, and how sub- 
sequently he was " traytoursly taken by Shan Onnell, . . . 
" and so I was in pry son and bounde bothe hande and fowthe, 
" and a grethe coler of yron sethe aboutt my neke, and a 
" grethe chayen of yron faste to the same coler and to a 
" pere of boltyes that was apon my legeys, so shorthe that 
" I could nott stretche my legeys nother ryesse oupe 
" ryghtt by no menes nyghtt nother daye ; and when he 
" perseveyd thatt I cowld nott by ondown after this maner 
" he thoghtt to tourmente my after an outher maner to 
" the inthenthe that he myghtt hawe all my jowelles, and 
" so he cawssyd the yrons to by strayned apon my legeys 
u and apon my handy s so sore that the very bloud dyde 
" ryne down on everye syde of myne yrons, insomoutche 
" that I dyd wyshe after dethe a towsanthe tyemes." This 
Calough O'Donnell was Shane O'Neill's father-in-law, for 
on a former occasion Shane had married his daughter. 

On the 2nd of April 1565 Shane writes to Cusake 
acknowledging the Queen's great favour to him. 

* P. 252, No. 20. f p - 254, No. 50. 

J P. 247, No. 96. P. 256, No. 3. 


xxviii PREFACE. 

On the 2nd of May* Shane writes to the Lord Justice 
Arnold of his conflict with Sorley Boy M'Donnell, the 
arrival of James M'Donnell with all his force from Scotland, 
and the final overthrow of the Scots and capture of Jamesf 
and Sorley. 

On the 22d of JuneJ the Privy Council write to the Lord 
Justice Arnold, to send a special man to O'Neill to practise 
with him for the recovery of James McDonnell and his 
brother into the possession of the Queen. They also write 
to O'Neill to know how the battle commenced, who are the 
captives, and what Scottish captains survive. 

On the 28th of July|| O'Neill writes to the Queen that 
the letters of the Earl of Leicester and Sir W. Cecill led 
him to attack the Scots. The names and numbers of the 
captives he took on the 2nd of May, " in qua victoria 
" captus et vulneratus erat dictus Jacobus M'Domhnaill et 
" ejus frater Somharlinus captus fuit, qui fuit principalis 
" Scotorum Gubernator in omnibus terris quas usurparunt 
" in hoc regno, atque occisus est alter ejus germanus qui 
" vocabatur Eneas superbus." 

On the 23rd of August^" Sir Thomas Cusake writes to 
Cecill for the Queen to write a letter of thanks to O'Neill 
for his good service against the Scots, with reward. 

On the 25th of August** O'Neill writes to the Privy 
Council that he had received their letters of June 25, in 
answer to which he despatches the Dean of Armagh, to 

* P. 260, No. 34. 

f At page 73, No. 29, i. is a letter from this Jatnes M'Conaill of 
Dunnewaik and Gianni's, apparent heir of the Isles, to the Lord Deputy 

I P. 263, No. 69. P. 264, No. 71. 

|| P. 268, No. 32. [ P. 270, No. 46. 

** P. 270, No. 50. 

PREFACE. xxix 

relate all that took place at the conflict. James M'Donnell 
is dead. 700 or 800 Scots were slain. All the towns and 
castles of the Scots are now in the Queen's possession. He 
praises Sir Nicholas Arnold. 

On the 10th of November* the Privy Council write to 
Shane O'Neill acknowledging the receipt of his letters of 
August 25th by the Dean of Armagh, and rejoice in the 

fortunate success that has crowned his honourable intention 


in attacking the Scots. 

On the 1 8th of Feb. 1566f are the causes moving Shane's 
people not to suffer him to come to the Lord Deputy 
Sydney's presence with such expedition as his Lordship 

Sir N. Bagenall writesj that Shane says " he hath won 
" all by the sword, and by the sword he will keep it." 

On the 1st of March Sydney writes, that before Shane 
would have his parliament robes sent into his country, but 
at this time he cares not to be made an Earl. He never 
made peace with the Queen but by her own seeking. His 
ancestors were Kings of Ulster, Ulster was theirs, and 
Ulster is his, and shall be his. 

On the 27th of March || Cecill writes that all the Council 
are inclined to the extirpation of that proud rebel Shane 
O'Neill, but at present they make no resolution. 

On the 25th of April^f Shane writes, styling himself 
Defender of the Faith, to Charles the IXth, King of France, 
for 5,000 or 6,000 well armed men, to assist in expelling the 
English from Ireland. He also writes** to the Cardinal of 
Lorraine to persuade the French King to send the aid he 

* P. 278, No. 39. f P. 288, No. 29. i. 

$ P. 289, No. 33. P. 289, No. 35. 

|| P. 293, No. 67. f P. 298, No. 34. 

** P. 299, No. 35. 

c 2 


On the 29th of April* the Bishop of Meath writes that 
Shane hath taken O'Donnell's brother and very cruelly put 
him to death, and six or seven score of his men. 

May 18,f the Lord Deputy writes amongst other matters 
that he had concluded peace with O'Neill for a time, but 
he and Knollys are determined to overthrow him. 

On the 24th of JuneJ Cecill writes that Her Majesty has 
commanded him to expedite the 1,000 men to be sent oat 
of England against O'Neill ; his practices with Scotland 
fully discovered. 

On the 16th of August Thomas Lancaster writes that 
Shane has entered the English Pale with fire and sword ; 
and that on the 29th July he besieged Dundalk. Eighteen 
of his men killed by John Fytzwylliams and his band, 
assisted by the inhabitants of the town ; their heads cut off 
and placed upon the gates. 

On the 9th of September || Shane writes to John of 
Desmond inviting him to join him against the English. 
They would have attacked John of Desmond only for 
Shane O'Neill. Shane has robbed and burnt Meath. 

On the 12th of November^ the Lord Deputy Sydney, 
the Earl of Kildare, and others write to the Queen the 
details of the expedition against O'Neill. His chief house 
Benboorb utterly burned. The site of the Deny given to 
the Queen, and Colonel Randolfe left there with 600 foot 
and 50 horse. 

On the 23rd** of November Thomas Lancaster writes an 
account of the journey. In the encounter between Colonel 
Randolfe and O'Neill, 400 of O'Neill's men were slain 
besides such as O'Dogherty slew. 

* P. 299, No. 40. f P. 301, No. 55. 

J P. 306, No. 27. P. 312, No. 89. 

|| P. 314, No. 7. f P. 317, No. 43. 

** P. 319, No. 57. 

PREFACE. xxxi 

On the 29th of December* O'Neill writes to the Lord 
Deputy Sydney and Council, that he never demanded any- 
thing, but what was contained in his articles of peace with 
Sir Thomas Cusake, and offers to agree to those articles at 
any time. 

On the 1 6th of January 1567f the Queen writes to the 
Lord Deputy Sydney as to the difficulty respecting the 
Scottish leader, Alexander Oge, brother to James M'Donnell, 
who " hath very well servid in prayeng upon Shane ;" but 
she adds, " We take it for certen that the best way were, as 
" you also have thought (if tyme and other oportunityes 
" might serve us), to suffre no Scot to have any habitation 
" or abode in Ireland." 

On the 1st of February 1567J Shane writes to the Car- 
dinals of Lorraine and Guise, to use their influence with the 
French King to send an army to assist him to restore and 
defend the Roman Catholic faith. 

On the 20th of April the Lord Deputy Sydney relates 
the great success of the enterprise against Shane O'Neill, 
who is driven into the woods, so that it is hardly known 
where he is. 

On the 16th of May|| Thomas Phetyplace, who looketh 
hourly to be carried to execution, describes the strength 
of Shane O'Neill to be not in men, but in subtlety; his 
surety not in the nobility, nor yet in his kinsmen and 
brothers, but in his foster brothers, the O'Donnellaughs, 
about 300 gentlemen. His warrior indeed is Turlough 
Lynagh. His Englishmen, castles, ordnance, numbers, 
and places of refuge. 

* P. 325, No. 13, i. f P. 324, No. 8. 

J P 326, No, 22. P. 330 and 331, No. 66, 

I) P; 333, No. 92. 

xxxii PREFACE. 

On the 18th of May " Alexander Oig M'Conaill, Stewart 
" off Kintire," arrived in the Glynns. He wrote on the 
20th* to the Lord Deputy Syduey that he would have 
come sooner, but was hindered by neighbours in Scotland. 
His intention to march forward into Tyrone, and do such 
service as he is able for the Queen. 

On the 31st of Mayf Thomas Lancaster writes that Sir 
Hugh O'Donnell, with a small band, nearly captured Shane 
O'Neill, and slew most of his men. Art M'Baron takes a 
prey of 1,000 kine, &c. from Shane, and Captain Pers and 
others take great preys. The 20th of May the Lord Deputy 
Sydney took his journey into Tyrone, when Cormac M' Ardyll, 
President of Shane's Council, Hugh Carragh O'Donnell, and 
Art M'Donyll, with many followers, came in. Shane O'Neill 
has set Con O'Donnell and his brother at liberty. Bally- 
shannon and Beleek Castles delivered to Con. 

On the 10th of JuneJ Sir William Fytzwylliams informs 
Cecill that the Lord Deputy Sydney and O'Donnell had so 
weakened Shane O'Neill that he sought " to joyne himself 
" with his mortole inemye, Alexsander Oge," brother to 
James M'Donnell, and Sorley Boy, who lay in the Glynns 
with 800 or 900 Scots. He had used two days' talk with 
the same Alexander, and the third day, when he thought to 
have ended a full conclusion with him, of binding in friend- 
ship to have served on his side, God so disposed his pleasure 
as he suffered that traitor to receive his end among those 
Scots, " who cutt and hewed him as is sayd exstreamlye." 
" This rebel's end was on Monday, towards night, the 
" second of June, an end hard enough, but not sufficient 
" for his deserts. If God's will so had been, I would he 
" might have been taken, to the end he might in other sort 
" have received his just desert, and that he might have 

. 333, No. 93. f P. 334, No. 97. J P. 335, No. 8. 

PREFACE. xxxiii 

" told, as is said he did report he would, so much as 
" should have gained the Queen's Majesty more land than 
" Tyrone was worth." Turlough Lynagh is said to have 
proclaimed himself O'Neill. Fytzwylliams recommends 
that the Scots should be paid in money for their service, 
and dismissed out of the land. 

On the 24th of June* Winchester writes that Sydney 
must see Shane's lodging that he built in the fen, where 
he kept his cattle and men, and not to forget Shane's 
wife and family if they do humble themselves. 

On the 6thf of July the Queen makes mention of 
Shane's son, in prison in Dublin Castle, and wishes 
Sydney to advise her whether it were not better to send 
him to some castle in Wales. 

On the 5th of March 1588/9, the Lord Deputy Fytz- 
wylliams writes to Burghley that he had received a letter 
from Hugh Gavelagh, one of the sons of Shane O'Neill, 
and adds that the sons of Shane O'Neill are seven in 
number, and all save one of Scottish race, and greatly 
beloved, and will no doubt attempt to succeed Turlough 
Lynagh. Here are the names ,of five of them : Henry, 
said to be very dangerous ; Con, the second son ; Art, 
Hugh Gavelagh, and Shane Oge O'Neill. Shane 
O'Neill had also a daughter Alice.J 

The limits of a Preface naturally forbid the production 
of more than a few meagre extracts from the voluminous 
correspondence relating to the exploits and rebellions of 
Shane O'Neill ; but these few will serve to indicate the 
nature of the information which the State Papers supply 

* P. 338, No. 28. t Pp- 340, 341, No. 49. 

J She is mentioned at page 359, No. 11, iii. See also p. 205^ 
No. 19. 

xxxiv PREFACE. 

for every great name in Ireland. Scarcely less ample are 
the details of Con O'Neill, Shane's predecessor, or of Tur- 
lough Lynagh O'Neill, his successor in the government 
of O'Neilland, while the wars of the Fitzgeralds and the 
exploits of the Butlers are detailed with the utmost 

On the 4th of July 1570* the Earl of Ormond writes 
to Mr. Heneage that he takes the Queen's staying the 
judgment and execution of his brethren as an exceeding 
mercy. The stain of his house nippeth him at the heart. 
Sir Edmund was certainly bewitched. The Earl of Or- 
mond was also bewitched, but has recovered. 

There are some remarkable notices of church matters, 
which cannot be obtained elsewhere. On the 28th of Octo- 
ber 1550f the Lord Deputy Sentleger and Council recom- 
mended John Bradye for preferment to the see of Kilmore. 
There is at page 158J a letter from the Queen to 
Warhame Sentleger and Robert Sentleger, to send over 
the books and writings of the antiquary John Bale, late 
Bishop of Ossory, " a man that hath byn studious in the 
" serche for the history and antiquities of this our realme," 
which he left behind him " in the tyme of our late sister 
" Quene Mary, when he was occasioned to departe out 
" of Ireland," " for the illustration and setting forth of 
" the storye of this our realme by him, the said Bale." 

In 1567 the Queen writes to Sydney of a purpose to 
plant Ulster with obedient subjects. In 1568|| we learn 
that it was Thomas Flemyng who made the rate for the 
renting of Ulster. 

* P. 433, No. 68. f P. 109, No. 63. 

t No. 85. p. 336, No. 10. 

|| P. 380, No. 14. 


Here it will be requisite to make a few observations on 
the names which occur in this Calendar, and more especially 
on the names, surnames, and nic-names of the wild Irish. 

Among the various difficulties which beset the patient 
student of Irish history, the identification of " members,"* 
as they were sometimes quaintly called, who exercised from 
time to time no inconsiderable influence upon the affairs of 
the several provinces, is one neither of the least nor last. 

Indeed, so great is the difficulty of identification, that 
even now, with all our experience, it is hard to name these 
remote members. For instance, what shall we call Sir 
Brian M'Felim, and how index him ? He was one of the 
O'Neills, of the clan of yellow Hugh O'Neill ; his full 
name is Sir Brian O'Neill M'Phelim Bacho ;f and his Latin 
name Bernardus O'Nele filius Phelimei Claudi.J 

Cahir M'Arte Kavanagh, and Cahir M'Carthy one of the 
family of the McCarthys. 

Brian Carragh M'Cormac M'Donnell, Captain of Glan- 

Turlough Oge M'Owen Moyll, of Ireland birth.|| 

Con Boy M'Henry M'Shane O'NeilLf 

And Edmund M'Shane Ballogh O'Conor.** 

Then there was Donnell Gorm, son of James, son of 
Alexander, son of John Cahanagh ;ff and there was Donnell 
Gorm M'Donnell, or M'Donald as he is spelt in Douglas's 
peerage of Scotland, Lord of the Out Isles of Scotland. 
Both these men were Donnell Gorm M'Donnell, and both 

* P. 386, 70. ii. f p - 469, No. 45. $ P. 469, No. 44. 

P. 361, No. 20, i., and p. 374, No. 9, vn. He will be found in the 
Index under M'Donnell. 

|| Mentioned in the paper calendared at p. 360, No. 15, i. 

^ P. 361, No. 20, ii. He will be found in the Index under 

** Mentioned in the pciper calendared at p. 358, No. 8. 

ff Mentioned in the "Four Masters," year 1586, page 1849. 

xxxvi PREFACE. 

were great men ; one died young, and the other very old. 
One was the son of James M'Donnell, whom Shane O'Neill 
slew, [and was killed in 1586] in the road into Connaught ; 
the other was Lord of the Out Isles from 1537 to 1585. 
Again, at page 421,* there is the name of O'Callaghan ; this 
in the manuscript is spelt Ocaliuan. 

The principle of giving the name of every individual as 
he himself spelt it, when that can be ascertained, has been 
adopted. At page 97, No. 165, there is an example of the 
advantage of this principle. 

Then there was a question whether to follow a fixed 
spelling for men who could be generally identified ; or whether 
their names should be varied with the orthography of every 
letter-writer who addressed them. It would have crowded 
the Index with cross references and repeated and com- 
mingled the leading characters of Irish history, as if seen 
through a multiplying glass, to have jotted down all these 
same and identical individuals disguised in so many spell- 
ings, and must have perplexed and greatly taxed the 
attention of the historical enquirer. But this question was 
already partly answered. Having adopted for all, whose 
signatures are extant, their own spelling, it seemed better to 
spell others, who never chanced to spell for themselves, on a 
uniform system. This was conformable to the plan which 
allowed each to choose his own spelling, and at the same 
time useful to the general reader. For instance, having 
once ascertained that Matthew Kyng no imaginary person 
was Clerk of the Check ; the enquirer will naturally look 
for him the next time as Kyng, not Kingef nor Kynge. 
So for Whites, Whytes, and Whyttes ; Wise, and Wyse, 

* No. 70, line 12. 

j- Lord Deputy Sydney " To oure wel belovid Mathewe Kinge, Clerk 
of the Checke." 1565/6, March 7. 

PREFACE. xxxvii 

Once more, names are frequently translated ; and in 
Latin documents, which are not a few in this correspond- 
ence, we have Venantius for Waucop, the blind Scottish 
Bishop ; he of course is calendared as Waucop, and the 
same for others. 

The question of surnames having been settled, then 
followed the Christian names ; the English Christian first, as 
James and John, Geoffrey and Bartholomew, Anne and 
Mary, Frances and Jane ; then the Irish Christian names, 
as Aod or Hugh, Cahir or Charles, Ferdoragh or Ferdinand, 
Thady or Timothy, Tibbot or Theobald, Turlough* or 
Terence, with Cecily, Celia, Eveleen or Evelina, Edwina, 
Sawe, Sabia or Sabina, Rose, Judith, and Una. For these 
it has been thought convenient to choose the simplest and 
most common way of spelling the simplest and most 
common names, adopting the same plan for the Irish as 
for the English, and following out the same principle for 
the harder and more unusual names. 

A few words may now be said as to the epithets. Here 
again there is an open question, is hairy or harry, or 
charric or charrie the right way of spelling the epithet at the 
end of the long name, Alexander Oge M'Alester Charrie, 
or, in the Irish character, SlUfcaji 63 tijdc 2lUfrndjt)t) 
Cl)d]x]id)3. His father's name must have been Alexander 
Carragh M'Donnell. Here, and in similar instances, a 
fixed spelling has been followed, and he is always called 
Alexander Oge M'Alester Charrie. So, the nickname or 
epithet, Oge, junior, is universally adopted for all its va- 
rieties. It may be asked, why a capital .has been used 
with these epithets ; to this the Editor was led by the 
general practice of the MSS., in which he is called Alex- 

* Turlough is spelt in Irish rojii|i6eAll)Ar, in Dr. O'Donovan's "Four 
Masters," page 1484, fourth paragraph ; and in the Latin document, calen- 
dared at p. 377, No. 28, i. the name is Terentius. 

xxxviii PREFACE, 

ander Oge by way of abbreviation, and as the rest of a 
long name is not always supplied when it is sufficiently 
clear who is meant, the epithet almost becomes a name, 
as in the instance of Sorley Boy and Turlough Lynagh. 
In these cases the capitals arrest the eye and define the 
name, whereas, if Boy, yellow, had been printed with a 
small b, as Sorley boy, the reader would have had to look 
on carefully to the next word or two, to see where the 
name ended; on the other hand, it is not often that an 
intelligent enquirer will take the epithet for the name. 

There was good reason in early times for the use of the 
epithet as Con Boy, not Con O'Neill. The inhabitants 
of the country were divided, not into shires, hundreds, and 
tithings, but into nations, septs, or clans, all bearing the 
same surname ; there was thus no possibility of distin- 
guishing individuals from each other but by epithets or 
nic-names ; for the surnames were almost all alike, and 
the same Christian names ran in families. 

This is the model of the plan on which the nomenclature 
of the Calendar is based, and its effect is to bring before the 
reader the many names treated of in this Calendar, with 
some sort of identity. Even after this, he will not find he 
has to complain for want of matter on which to exercise his 
intelligence and discretion, for there will still be mystery 
enough. Thus, there were two men called John of Desmond. 
One was Sir John, the Earl of Desmond's brother; the 
other w r as his uncle, John Oge.* 

Again mention is made of three different Alexander Oges 
at the same period. One was Alexander Oge McDonnell, 
Steward of " Kintire " in Scotland,f the brotherj of James 

* P. 419, No. 61. 1559, Sept. 7. Ormond. John's Oge's autograph 
ib,, 61, 11. 

j" P. 333, No. 93. He is mentioned in the paper calendared at p. 349, 
No. 25, i., and in controversy with his brother Sorley Boy, p. 386, 
No. 70, i. 

$ P. 314, No. 11. 

PREFACE. xxxix 

M'Donnell whom Shane O'Neill slew. Another was 
Alexander Oge M'Alester Charrie of the Glynns, of 
Ireland birth, whose next brother was Randal Oge M' Alester 
Charrie.* And the third was Alexander Oge M' Alexander 
Gawle, mentioned in the note of such Scots as were in 
Ulster before the last coming of Sorley Boy,f and it will 
not be easy to sort out them, and such as them as Con Boy 
and Neill Oge.J This is difficult enough with well known 
names as William Cecill ; how few know that there was 
William Cecill, for whom Sir William Cecill wrote to the 
Lord Deputy Sydney as follows, " I pray your Lordship to 
" be good to on Wm. Cecill of my name, and as I take it, of 
" my blood ; he fondly but yet servisably went into Irland 
" without my knolledg, whan for his proffitt he ought to 
" have tarryed in England." Also William Cecill, eldest 
son of Sir Thomas Cecill, second Lord Burghley and Earl 
of Exeter, of whom there are letters extant at Domestic, 
1579, January 1, and 1585, Nov. 8; also, Nov. 24, Guil. 
Cecill's Italian letter from Padua. And also William Cecill, 
a priest who was imprisoned. In addition to these there 
was a William Cicill, Sheriff of Herefordshire in 1580. 

It is hoped that the attempt to individualize the 
particular man by the uniform spelling of his name, and 
the adoption of settled orthography for Christian names, 
will tend to simplify the study of history, while it cannot 
but assist the philosophical scholar, the genealogist, and the 

Much having been said as to the names of persons, we 
may here notice the fluctuating orthography of the names 

* Mentioned in the paper calendared at p. 349, No. 25, 1. ; and also in 
the paper at p. 360, No. 15, i. 
f P. 360, No. 15, i. 

J Neill Oge O'Neill slain, p. 406, No. 1. 
Neither this sheriff nor the priest was related to Burghley, 


of places. In the four books of reference by authors of 
undoubted learning and patience, Seward, Beaufort, 
O'Donovan, and Griffith, to which reference has been 
made, we find, 

Killfeacle, .... in barony Clanwilliam, county 
Tipperary, Seward's Topographia Hibernica, 4to, 1795. 

Kilfiacle, &c., &c. co. Tipperary, Seward, 12mo, 1789. 

Killfeacle, co. Tipperary, barony Clanwilliam, in Beaufort's 
Memoir of a Map of Ireland, 4to., 1/92. 

CjU-'FJdcdl, Kilfeacle, in Muschraighe - Bhreogain ; Dr. 
O'Donovan's "Four Masters," Index, 4to., 1856. 

And Kilfeakle in Griffith's General Valuation of Ireland, 
county of Tipperary, S.R., 4to, Dublin, 1854. 

Thus, there are four different spellings for the name of 
the same place, while two out of the four authors spell the 
name two different ways. If, then, the painstaking compilers, 
who intended to print their books as works of reference, 
spell so uncertainly, what may we not expect, and what do 
we not find, in the loose orthography of the sixteenth 
century? Care has been taken not to unnecessarily increase 
the number of the names of the many places in Ireland, 
and when it is well ascertained that a certain Divlin or 
Dyvelyn or Dulin means Dublin, Dublin has been put 
without hesitation. 

Sometimes where there was room a double spelling has 
been given, as at page 416, No. 39, Tavelaghe [Tallagh]; 
ib. No. 42, Munechan [Monaghan], M'Mawna [M'Mahon], 
In this way the modern name is sometimes given thus, 
"Dyngham" [Philipstown.]* 

Although a uniformity of style in the spelling of names of 
places has been aimed at throughout the Calendar in order 
to avoid confusion, yet, in cases where a misconception could 

* P. 415, No. 26. 


not arise, it has been deemed expedient to accustom the eye 
of the reader, even in the Calendar, to look upon spelling as 
a mere accessory, and to seek in the phonetic combination of 
the letters the appellation of the place. Thus, at page 408, 
No. 23, Sligo is spelt Slygo, Sligo, and Slygeah, and 
Ilfracomb has been spelt at page 410, No. 52, Ilefarecombe, 
and at page 413, Nos. 1 1 and 12, Ilfracombe and Ylfarcombe. 
This plan was found the more requisite, as in some cases, 
where the name is not to be clearly identified with its 
modern name, the spelling of the document has been 
unavoidably followed, for example, Ravanaghe p. 487, 
No. 24, ii. Has this place been thoroughly destroyed, or 
did the copyist mistake the name when he made the copy 
of the letter here calendared ? 

Some of the clerks who made the copies were rather 
careless, and, not being acquainted with the localities they 
were writing about, miscopied and obscured the names, as 
Sencaille, page 383, No. 45, vii. The name is clear enough 
in the document, which is a copy, but it is most probably a 
clerical error, perhaps it was not very clear in the original, 
and not considered of importance by the transcriber. Some- 
times in such cases it has been thought best to give the 
name without any attempt at correction. The topographical 
or genealogical writer, who is interested and well versed in 
his particular subject, will frequently be able to gather 
from the confused name what place was intended. It is 
possible that the real name of this place would become 
apparent to a person possessing other letters written from 
the same neighbourhood about the same time ; for instance, 
if it were known that Turlough Lynagh was at Lecale 
on the day of date of this letter, the termination of this 
date would speak clearly enough for the rest of the word, 
and the Sen of the commencement would be at once attri- 
buted to some error. 

xlii PEEFACE. 

But there were many places which existed in the early 
part of Elizabeth's reign, and have since perished from the 
map. Many of these had names similar to names now 
in being, and it would have been unsafe to hazard any 
alteration in their spelling. Furthermore, it was not 
always to be ascertained, in anything like a reasonable 
time, whether a place mentioned was certainly one or 
other of several. Thus we have in 1566/7, January 29, 
the Lord Deputy writing from Lackagh. He had been 
three days before at Kilmainham ; it is therefore more 
probable that he writes from Lackagh in co. Kildare than 
from either Lackah in Galway or Lackah in Donegal. 
However, as he spelt the place Lachaugh, his spelling has 
been left as it stands in the manuscript. There might have 
been a Lachaugh which no longer exists, or if any one 
were carefully investigating his particular proceedings, it 
would readily appear what place was meant by the name 
as his amanuensis spelt it. There is, too, a Maglass in 
the county of Wexford,* as well as Dr. O'Donovan's 
Moyglass in Galway. This is why various spellings for the 
same place will occasionally be met with. 

It often happens that inclosures are placed in the order 
of their dates in this Calendar, and not in the letters which 
conveyed them, as the articles of instructions for the Earl of 
Ormond and others at page 219, No. 57, and the memorial 
of the parley, No. 58. These were inclosed in a letter now 
missing, which is answered by Queen Elizabeth, August 9 ; 
so also the copies of T. Lynagh's letters, calendared at 
page 485, Nos. 10 and 11. In such cases it is generally to 
be understood that the letter inclosing them has been re- 
moved from this collection, and it may very probably be 

* P. 49, No. 24. 

PREFACE. xliii 

found in the Archbishop of Canterbury's library at Lambeth 
Palace, at Hatfield House, or amongst the Cottonian Manu- 
scripts at the British Museum ; but this must not be taken 
for a certainty, for inclosures were not always mentioned in 
the letter inclosing them, as the following extract from a 
despatch of 8th June 1596 clearly proves : " We have re- 
" ceived divers letters from sundry parts of this realm, some 
" points whereof we have thought meet to impart unto your 
" Lordships by these our letters, and yet withal to send 
" the transcripts of the whole, the more fully and par- 
" ticularly to give your Lordships satisfaction in all." The 
last inclosure to the above letter came after the sealing of 
the despatch. Indeed, it often happened that despatches 
were stayed on the Irish side of the Channel for wind after 
they were dated, in which case inclosures frequently under- 
went changes, and many were added, as at page 360, No. 15, L, 
where the inclosure bears the date 1567/8, January 27, whilst 
the letter is dated January 22, but the undated postscript 
which mentions the inclosure speaks of the delay occasioned 
by bad weather. Another example of this occurs in Sir 
Henry Wallop's letter of 1596, April 10, inclosing a certi- 
ficate, with Wallop's own signature, after the 1st of May. 
In such cases the inclosures are placed in their respective 
letters, without always repeating the reasons for so doing, 
which will generally be found obvious by those who consult 
the papers. 

In the Irish correspondence inclosures are very numerous ; 
at page 368 is a letter No. 74, with 15 inclosures, and at 
page 390, No. 4, one with 16 inclosures. The month and 
day and place of the date of the inclosure is placed last of 
all ; and the year is generally the same as that of the in- 
closing letter, in other cases the year has been specified 

when needful. 


xliv PREFACE. 

It was not always, however, that there were any letters at 
all from Ireland, for, in November 1568,* Cecill complains 
to the Lord Deputy Sydney that he has been almost five 
months without news. And this notwithstanding that in 
1565f Sir Henry Sydney and the Council were commanded 
to read their instructions once a quarter, and make a return 
to Her Majesty thereon. 

Occasionally letters were misdated by the writer, as that 
of T. Lynagh, which was dated on April 16th and received 
on the 15th, as explained at page 375, No. 13, u. ; and 
sometimes undated papers were indorsed with a wrong date, 
as that at page 463, No. 52, which has been indorsed by 
Burghley as 1574, while there is internal evidence to show 
that it cannot be later than 1571, where it is placed. 

There are many papers in this collection entirely without 
date. To these proximate dates have been assigned from 
the internal evidence, and the paper placed where it would 
have been, if such date had appeared on it. It would fre- 
quently require much space to detail the several reasons for 
deciding the date of a paper; it has been therefore con- 
sidered sufficient to place the document in its natural 
chronological order, assuming the supposed date to be 

In cases where but slender reason exists for placing the 
paper in one place more, than in another, the dates assigned 
may be wrong, but still it is hoped they are sufficiently near 
to bring them before the eye of the enquirer on whatever 
subject he may be engaged. 

The dates of facts are not very well ascertained in history ; 
for instance, in the " Four Masters "J it is recorded at the 
year 1547 that M'Murrough (Murtough the son of Art Boy) 

* P. 397, No. 48. f P. 275, No. 4. J O'Donovan, p. 1505. 


died. Now Anthony Colcloght writes to Bellyngham that 
this very man came to him to Carlow. The letter is dated 
September 5, and directed to Bellyngham, who did not arrive 
in Ireland till May 19, 1548. It is very certain, however, 
that M'Murrough died in 1548, because his brother Cahir 
M'Arte Kavanagh takes his place after this mention. 

It will be seen that divers of the papers printed in the 
second and third volumes of State Papers* have been here 
calendared ; the first that occurs is at page 2.f Although 
these papers are already before the public in their entire 
form it was considered that, as they occur in the corre- 
spondence it was requisite to admit them to their due 
place, and further it seemed advisable to attach some mark 
to them to show that they have been printed in that col- 
lection. To answer all these conditions it was judged the 
simplest way to reprint the contents of them as already 
given at the commencement of volumes II. and III., and to 
include the same in inverted commas by way of quotation. 
This was thought sufficient to indicate to the reader such 
papers as are printed in those volumes. These observa- 
tions apply only to the reign of Henry VIII., which 
occupies the first 76 pages of this Calendar. 

The number of letters in foreign languages is very con- 
siderable ; there are many in Latin, Spanish, and Irish, and 
not a few in French, Scotch, Italian, and Portuguese. 

It is not possible that I should conclude these prefatory 
remarks without returning my warm acknowledgments to 
Dr. John O'Donovan, the learned editor of the " Four 
Masters ;" to Richard Nugent, Esq., of Mount Nugent, co. 
Cavan ; to Herbert F. Hore, Esq., of Pole Hore, co. Wex- 
ford ; and to D. M'Carthy, Esq., of Stourfield, near Christ- 

* State Papers, temp. Hen. VIII., published by Royal Commission. 
xi. vols. 4to. 18301852. f No. 9. 

xlvi PREFACE. 

church, Hants., for much information derived from their 
family papers, their experience in the Irish names of men 
and places, and their intimate topographical knowledge 
of several districts in Ireland. Through the courtesy of 
these gentlemen, and of many others whom I have had 
occasion to consult, my work has received a more com- 
plete finish than I could have expected when first I took 
in hand the exceedingly large mass of often undated, and 
sometimes almost illegible, historical materials, which are 
now explained to all enquirers in the Calendar, and brought 
almost to the eye of every searcher by the Index. 

22nd November 1859. 



Vol. I. 1509-1532. 

June 8. 


June 5. 



1. The Lords Spiritual and Temporal and Council of Ireland to 
King Henry VIII. The Earl of Kildare, the late King's Deputy 
Lieutenant, had purposed to repair to his noble presence. They 
have entreated Kildare to abide and protect them from the Irish- 
men. Have elected the said Earl of Kildare Lord Justice. 


2. Earl of Kildare to the same. Has received his letters missive, 
dated Greenwich 28th July last, desiring that he would repair to his 
most noble presence, that they might have plenary communication as 
to the weal of Ireland. Has been desired by his cousins, the Earl of 
Desmond and the Lord Burke of Connaught, not to depart, but to 
appease the variance betwixt them. Incloses, 

2. i. Petition of Morice Earl of Desmond, Piers Butler Earl of 
Ormond, and others, to the King : In behalf of the Earl of Kildare, 
whom they had entreated to stay in Ireland to end " the trowbill 
and wariens" between them and the Lord Burke of Connaught 
and the Lords taking his part. July 10, Limerick. Ireland 
Case A. No. 1. 


May 14. 3. John Kite, Archbishop of Armagh, to Thomas Wolsey, Bishop 

Termonfeckin, o f Lincoln. Perilous state of the English Pale. Assures the people 

tesideDr S heda -that the King will come ere long to reform the State. The King 

is as much bound to reform this land as to maintain good order and 

justice in England. 

June 7. 4. Same to same. Has not heard from him since his departing, 

Termonfeckin, which is more pain to him than all the diseases he finds in Ireland. 

beside Dro g he']a. T j ie bark of Chester, in which he crossed over, has had a sore 

fight with two " Bryttanes," men-of-war both, and pirates. The 

town of Drogheda manned two ships and went to assist against the 

pirates ; one of the pirates, and a merchantman laden with salt, 




VOL. I. 

1514. 5. A geographical account of Ireland, describing its division into 
provinces, counties, and baronies, and its 5,530 towns. A cantred is 
a country that containeth 100 towns. 

1515. 1515 ' 

Sept. 12. 6. Hugh Inge, Bishop of Meath, to Thomas Wolsey, Archbishop of 
Wells. York. Entreats his favour and support. 

Dec. 1. 7. Gerald Earl of Kildare Lord Deputy to the King. Has received 
Dublin. his letters of July 8, for lawful assistance to Dame Anne Sentleger 
and Dame Margaret Boleyn, in the prosecution of their causes concern- 
ing the lands lately belonging to Thomas Earl of Ormond, deceased, in 
controversy betwixt the said ladies and one Sir Piers Butler. States 
what he has done in the case. 

Dec. 12. 8. Wm. Rokeby, Archbishop of Dublin and Lord Chancellor, to 
beside Cardinal Wolsey. Has been occupied with the Lord Deputy in 
Sir Thomas Boleyn's cause. Sir Piers Butler, who calls himself the 
Earl of Ormond, has not appeared. His greatness. Trusts that 
John Theodorici's cause will come to good pass. The Prior pre- 
tended, with divers of the city, kept the place against him [the 
writer] manu forti, and committed a great riot. 

9. " State of Ireland, and plan for its reformation." 

10. Articles of complaint, exhibited by Elizabeth Dowager Coun- 
tess of Gerald eighth Earl of Kildare against the Lord Deputy Gerald 
ninth Earl of Kildare, her son-in-law. The said Lord Deputy has 
granted a tribute out of her lands named Coyle, to the King's Irish 
enemy called the Great O'Neill. Since her departing he has suffered 
the lands of her sons, his brethren, to fall into the hands of the wild 
Irishmen, excepting some part which is taken by one Delahide, of 
Moyclare, his steward, to the utter destruction of complainant and 
of her children. The lands of her ward, one Rochford, of Kilbride, 
are made waste by daily oppression of coin and livery. [This paper, 
which is much damaged, must be later than 1515, when Kildare 
was made Lord Deputy, and earlier than 1516, June 28, when 
the complainant died.~\ 


March 10. 



Commission appointing Thomas Earl of Surrey Lord Lieutenant. 
Latin. [Recited in 1522, March 6, No. 32, which see.\ 

11. The King to the Lord Lieutenant Surrey, Lord Chancellor 
Rokeby, and Council. " State of Ireland on Surrey's arrival as 
Lieutenant. Cavalry to be sent to Ireland. Charges against the 
Earl of Kildare referred to Wolsey. Discord between Desmond 
and Sir Piers Butler [Earl of Ormon^. Francis I., King of France, 
offers to send troops to Ireland. The King's interviews with him 
and the Emperor Charles V." 

Augusts. ^ 12. Surrey to Wolsey. "Is going to march against O'Neill. 
Dublin. Sickness. Recommends Sir Piers Butler to be Lord Treasurer." 


1520. VOL ' L 

August 25. 13. Lord Lieutenant Surrey and Council of Ireland to the King. 
Dublin. Have invaded O'Neill and M'Mahon. Want money." 

August 27. 14. Surrey to Wolsey. " Character of Sir John Wallop. Recom- 
Dubiin. mends that an Englishman shall fill the See of Cork." 

August 27. 15. Sir John Stile to same. The great O'Neill "brake" his ap- 

Dublin. pointment. The Lord Lieutenant entered the countries of O'Neill 

and M'Mahon on August 11, and compelled them to make peace, as 

Sir John Wallop can declare. Expense of transporting the Lord 

Lieutenant. Low state of the revenues. 

Sept. 6. 16. The Lord Lieutenant and Council to same. Death of the 
Dublin. Bishop of Cork and Cloyne. Kecommend Walter Wesley [Wellesley], 
Prior of Conall, to be appointed to the vacant See. 

Sept. 25. 17. Same to same. " Wish to reconcile Desmond and Ormond. 
Dublin. Cavalry arrived. Want spearmen." 

Oct. 3. 1 8. Surrey to same. " Commends Ormond. Wishes Lord Butler 
Dublin. to be sent to Ireland." 

Oct. 6. 19. Lord Lieutenant and Council to same. " Reconciliation of 
Clonmel. Desmond and Ormond. Proposal of marriage between Lord Butler 
and Mary Boleyn." 

Dec. 17. 20. Surrey to same. " Sends Chief Baron Fynglas to England, 
Dublin. and commends him and Chief Justice Bermyngham." 

1521. 1521. 

Feb. 25. 21. Bull of Leo X., impropriating certain rectories in the diocese 
Eome. of Kildare to the monastery of Rosglas. 

April 27. 22. Surrey to Wolsey. " Has alarmed the Irishry by the expec- 
Dublin. tation of forces from England. Recommends Sir Wm. Darcy. Cor- 
mac Oge McCarthy desires to hold of the King." 

June. 23. The King to Sir John Pechy. " Instructions on his mission 

to Ireland. Expectation of an invasion from Scotland, in connexion 
with O'Neill. Kildare detained in England." 

Sept. 15. 24. Surrey to Wolsey. Prays a final direction and conclusion of 
Dublin. the disputes between Waterford and Ross. 

Sept. 16. 25. Same to the King. " Prays to be recalled. Complains of 
Dublin. sickness." 

Oct. 19. 26. Sir John Stile to Wolsey. " Peace with O'Carroll, O'Co^ior, 
Dublin. an d Conell. Revenue not fairly collected. Praises Chief Justice 
Bermyngham and Chief Baron Fynglas." 

Dec. 2. 27. Surrey to Secretary Pace. " Is ill. Desires him to accelerate 
In his bed. his return," 

A 2 



[Dec. 2.] 28. A device how Ireland maybe well kept in obedience. [There 
is no date to this " device," but, from the circumstance of its being 
in the time of Cardinal Wolsey, it is not improbable that it may 
be " The Way how Ireland may be kept" alluded to by the Earl 
of Surrey in the preceding letter.'} 

Dec. 21. 29. The Council of Ireland to Wolsey. " They praise the Lord 
Dublin. Lieutenant Surrey on occasion of his return to England." Damaged. 

30. Act of Parliament declaring Sir Piers Butler the true and 
lawful heir to James Fitz Edmond Fitz Richard Butler, otherwise 
called Earl of Orrnond, and repealing the Act of 7 Edw. I V. made 
in favour of Esmond and Theobald. [It is probable that this Act 
was passed in 1521, in pursuance of the Earl of Surrey's request 
of Oct. 3, 1520.] 

1522. 1522 

March 6. 31. Sir John Rawson, Prior of Kilmainham, to Wolsey. " Thanks 
Kilniainham. him for advancing him to the Treasurership." 

[March 6.] 32. Licence under the Sign Manual to the Lord Lieutenant 
Westminster. Surrey. To appoint Sir Piers Butler, Earl of Ormond, his Deputy. 

March 11. 33. Sir John Stile to Wolsey. "Ormond to be Lord Deputy. 
Dublin. Difficulty in collecting the revenue. Expenditure/' 

April 25. 34. Same to same. " Ormond to be sworn Lord Deputy. His 
Dublin. proceedings. Danger of disturbance from the return of Kildare. 
New Archbishop of Dublin." 

1523. 1523 - 

Feb. 8. 35. Earl of Kildare to Wolsey. " Claims a promise of naming 
Maynooth. the Bishop of Kildare." 

May 24. 36. Same to the King. " Punishment for trading with Bretons 
Kildare. an d Scots. Complains of Ormond's oppressions. " 

1524 1524. 

May 2. 37. Letters patent granting to Thomas Stevyns, on the surrender 
Westminster. o f Sir John Wallop, the office of Bailiff and Receiver of the lordship 
of Trim. 

July 28. 38. Earls of Ormond and Kildare. " Compromise of their dif- 

July 12 to 39-42. Recognizances "for the English Marchers, for the Irish 
August 4. Marchers, for Berinyngham, for Ormond, and for Kildare." 

August 4. 43. " Indenture between King Henry VIII. and the Lord Deputy 
Kildare." ^ ' 



VOL. I. 

1525. 1525. 

Jan. 14. 44. Mayor and Citizens of Waterford to the King. Pray that 
Waterford. their charters may be preserved entire in the Parliament which the 
Earl of Kildare is about to hold. 

April 7. 45. Gerald Earl of Kildare, Lord Deputy, to Cardinal Wolsey. 
My Manor of To enforce a decree made by his Grace and the Council, that the 
late Lord Slaue and his heir, the present Lord, now under age, should 
paceably enjoy the manors of Highbray and Credehoo, with the 
advowson of the church of Highbray in Devonshire. 

April 12. 46. Same to. same. For the appointment of Dan John Sale, of 
Dublin. the Cistertian order, to a vacant living in the West parts of 

1526. 1526 - 

August 27. 47. Dr. Richard "Woleman to same. The King's pleasure that 

Rammesbury. the Archbishop of Armagh should not come to London, because 

there would be none of estate left in Ireland at the coming away 

of his Lieutenant and Deputy Kildare, and other Councillors into 


Sept. 7. 48. Piers Earl of Ormond to same. Complains that the towns- 
Shirehampton. men of Bristol, to the number of 600, pressed upon his lodgings 
to burn the house while he was in his bed in the night. Prays 
Wolsey 's commandment to the Mayor and Sheriffs of Bristol to 
cease all process against his [Ormond's] servants, and to discharge 
his sureties till his next coming, when Wolsey may examine the 

Nov. 5. 

Jan. 18. 

49. Letters patent granting to Piers Butler, Earl of Ormond, and 
Margaret, his wife, and their heirs male, various castles, honours, and 
lands in Kilkenny and Tipperary. 


50. Sir John Fitzgerald of Desmond and his son Gerald to the 
King. Have obeyed his commands, and aided James [Butler]. For 
this aid [James the eleventh] Earl of Desmond came with a host 
and burnt and destroyed the most part of their country. Have 
driven the said Earl to take shipping to the main sea, and slain 
many of his host. Damaged. 

Feb. 23. 51. Hugh Inge, Archbishop of Dublin and Chancellor, and Chief 
Dublin. Justice Patrick Bermyrigham to Wolsey. " Lament the absence of 
Ormond and Kildare. Lord Delvin is insufficient as Vice Deputy, 
Want of good prelates and curates." 

Feb. 24. 52. Sir John Fitzgerald to the King. Complains of the injuries- 
Manor of done to him and his tenants by the Earl of Desmond. Solicits par- 
Dromany. don for tne inhabitants of Youghal, who suffered the said Earl of 
Desmond to land with a great company from certain English ships. 

March 24. 53. Con O'Neill to Wolsey. His readiness to serve the King 
Dungannon. against the rebels in Ireland. Latin. 



May 10. 


May 15. 


May 17. 


May 20. 


May 21. 

June 10. 


June 20. 


VOL. I. 

54. Sir Gerot Shanesson [M'Shane] to the King. Prays that the 
Earl of Ossory may be prevented from disturbing him in the posses- 
sion of the manor of Cloncurry, 

55. The Council of Ireland to Wolsey. "Lord Delvin taken pri- 
soner by 'Conor. The Council have chosen Sir Thomas Fitzgerald 
to be Deputy ad interim/' Incloses, 

55. i. Walter Wellesley, Prior of Conall to Hugh Inge, Arch- 
bishop of Dublin and Chancellor. States that, immediately on the 
receipt of his letters, he repaired to 0' Conor, luhom he found on the 
confines of his country. 0' Conor's complaint against the captive 
Deputy. He will neither make peace nor truce without the consent, 
of 0' 'Carroll. It is to be feared he will burn Athboy, Mullingar 
and Trim. 1528, May 15, Ballybogan. [This letter is mentioned 
in the State ^Papers, Vol. ii., p. 128 ; note, as not found at the time of 
their publication.] 

56. Thomas third Duke of Norfolk, Lord High Treasurer of 
England, to Wolsey. Requests the King's letters to the Pope for 
the Prior of Conall to be Bishop of Kildare. The Archbishop of 
Cashel is come to petition the King that coin and livery may not 
be levied in his province. [This cannot be earlier than May 17, 
1525, as Surrey, who wrote this, was not Norfolk till his father's 
death, May 21, 1524. See Index to State Papers.] 

57. Lord James Butler to the Lord Chancellor of Ireland. " Has 
had an interview with Lord Delvin, in imprisonment at O'Conor's 
castle, and also with O'Conor himself/' 

58. Piers Butler, Earl of Ossory, to same. " Measures for com- 
bining several chieftains against O'Conor/' 

59. Piers Earl of Ossori to the King. " Tenders his services/' 

60. Duke of Norfolk to Wolsey. '< Ascribes the bad state of 
Ireland to the dissensions between Ossory and Kildare/' Incloses, 

60. i. Archbishop of Dublin and Chancellor, and Chief Justice 
Patrick Bermyngham to Norfolk. Cahir Hoe O'Conor is likely to be at 
variance ivith his brother O'Conor, and trusteth to occupy his 
room. The variance of the two Earls will destroy the land. There 
must be more substantial order to make peace between them. Master 
James Glas, now Bishop of Killaloe, reports that Conor O'Brien, 
son to the last O'Brien, has confederated his kinsmen together with 
Cormac Oge M'Carthy, and other Irish Captains. Pray that the Earl 
of Kildare may be sent back. Recommend Christopher Delahide to be 
appointed Second Judge of the Common Pleas. 1528, May 30, 
Dublin. [James Glas must be James O'Corrin. He is given in 
printed books as succeeding at a later period, but this letter is signed 
by Hugh Inge, the Archbishop of Dublin, who died in 1528. The 
Second Judgeship of the Common Pleas was likewise filled un 
Dec. 19, 1528.] 


1528. - L 

June 26. 61. Sir John Russell to Cardinal Wolsey. Giving directions from 
Hertford, the King to put the affairs of Ireland in order, and to appoint the 
Lord of Ossory or Mr. Butler, his son, in the room of the Vice De- 
puty, Lord Delvin. The King's Majesty is much troubled with this 
disease of the Sweat; for, as this night, there is fallen sick "my Lord 
Marques, my Lady Marques," Sir Thomas Cheyne, and Mistress 
Croke. Mr. Poynes is dead. The King removeth to Bishop's Hatfield. 

July 3. 62. Norfolk to same. " Dissuades the King from appointing 
Ossory, or his son, Deputy of Ireland." 

Sept. 18. 63. Lord James Butler to Doctor Stevyns [Stephen Gardyner]. 
Power's Court. Thanks for his manifold kindness in his affairs. Prays Gardyner to 
move Wolsey to take some pains in reading over his letters. 

Oct. 14. 64. Piers Earl of Ossory to Wolsey. " Has received his commission. 
Drogheda. Complains of Kildare." 

Oct. 14. 65. Lord James Butler to same. "Is flattered by Wolsey 's 
Dublin. compliments/' 

66. The Lord Deputy and Council to the King, Wolsey, and 
others. Report on the state of Ireland. 

Bill for the attainder of James eleventh Earl of Desmond, for 
treason in receiving and comforting the Lord Kendall [Comte de 
Candalle], of France, with other Frenchmen, his associates, within 
his lordships and manors in Ireland, and for privily sending messages 
to Francis, the French King, then being at war with Henry VIII. 
Ireland, Case A. No. 2. {After Nov. 10, 1522, and before June 18, 
1529, when Desmond died. In this interval there was no Parlia- 
ment held in Ireland, but in 1528 there was an intention of hold- 
ing one ; and this document is no doubt one of the bills prepared 
as was customary, under the Great Seal of England, to be sent over 
and passed in Ireland.] 


March 19. 67. Examination of Sir Gerald M'Shane, sworn right solemnly upon 
Dublin Castle, the holy mass book and" the great relick of Ireland, called Baculum 
Christi, in presence of the King's Deputy, Chancellor, Treasurer, and 
Justice. The Earl of Kildare directed the said Sir Gerald M'Shane 
to retain possession of any lands he withheld from the Earl of 
Ossory. Sir Walter Delahide and his wife and the Lady Ellys 
instigated O'Conor in his wars. The Earl of Kildare gave a token 
to Melour Faa, that if his daughter the Lady Ellys came to Ireland 
before him, he was not at liberty to return himself. Kildare sent 
word to his friends to keep peace till St. .Nicholas' tide. 

[August.] 68. The King to Sir Wm. Skeffyngton. " Instructions for his 
conduct as Lord Deputy of Ireland/' 

Oct. 17. 69. Surrey to Wolsey. Fragment, relative to Frenchmen and 



Feb. 20. 



VOL. I. 

70. Grant by Sir Win. Skeffyngton, Lord Deputy, to Martin 
Skryne, of the office of Customer and Admiral of the port of 


71. John Topclyff [your Juge in Ireland] to the King. Com- 
plains that a secular priest and a secular abbot have by provision 
put out a good, blessed, religious father and prior, who had been by 
free election set over an abbey of regular canons in the town of 

March 19. 72. John Alen, Archbishop of Dublin, to Crumwell. "Applies for 
Dublin. a commendam. Has not received his salary." 

May. 73. Depositions of Sir John Rawson the Prior of Kilmainham, and 

Greenwich, the Lord Chief Justice of Ireland, before the Privy Council, con- 
cerning the demeanours of the Lord Deputy, Sir William Skeffyng- 
ton, and the Earls of Kildare and Ossory. Edmund O'Byrne, the 
most " arande " thief. Shane Mac Lorkin. Exactions levied. 

Dec. 21. 74. Walter Cowley to Crumwell. "Kildare wounded. Lord 
Bristol. Butler married to the heiress of Desmond. M'Gilpatrick taken." 


Feb. 26. 

Vol . II. 15331535. 


1. The King to the Mayor and City of Waterford. 
continuance of favour to their city. 


July 18. 2. Lord Leonard Grey to Crumwell. To labour secretly to get the 
manors of Rathwere, Castle Rycard, Rathcoure, Salsheagh, and Sal- 
rayne, in Meath, in farm, for his sister the Countess of Kildare and 
her son Gerald Fitzgerald. She supposeth her husband would be 
" more gladder " to get these manors unto his eldest son than unto 
this son that he hath by her. 

[July.] 3. Report to Crumwell, " on the disordered state of Ireland, and 
the remedy for the same." 

Oct. 10. 4. Mr. Justice Richard Delahide to Crumwell. He did not receive 

Dublin. Crumweirs letter in favour of Thomas Cusake for an office in the 

Exchequer until after Cusake's departure. The said office had been 

granted to himself, the salary of Chief Justice being but 24Z. 9s. per 



Oct. 25. 


Nov. 4. 



April 27. 

May 17. 



May 24. 

May 31. 


5. Sir William Skeffyngton to Crumwell. " Lies in wait for the 
passage of Kildare." 

6. Same to same. " Kildare's servants detained at Beaumaris 
by contrary winds." 

7. A treatise by Patrick Fynglas, Lord Chief Baron of the 
Exchequer ; being an historical dissertation on the conquest of Ire- 
land, the decay of that land, and measures proposed to remedy the 
grievances thereof, arising from the oppressions of the Irish nobility. 

8. The answer of John Alen, Archbishop of Dublin, to the demand 
of 100?. sterling and one hundred . . . whereof the Earl of Kildare 
Lord Deputy, and others of the Council, demand account of him. 
Pleads the pardon and release which he had procured from the 
King, dated 1532, Feb. 7, as a bar to all further inquiry. Much 


9. Mr. Justice Richard Delahide to Crumwell. Has never spoken 
ill of him. Promises to send him a goshawk after midsummer. 

10. Richard Allen, John Allen, Robert Allen, Jasper Allen, and 
Melchior Allen to Thomas Allen, Warden of the College of Youghal. 
The Earl of Desmond marvels greatly at his long tarrying. Thomas 
Fitzgerald, Lord Offaley, the Earl of Kildare's son, is now with my 
Lord O'Brien, and does all he can to obtain Desmond's good will. 
He has burnt all Thomas Allen's corn that lay in Little Beverley. 
He says he will slay Thomas Allen with his own hand, for causing 
the Earl of Desmond to be his foe. 

1 1 . Report to the King " of the state of Ireland at the time of Kil- 
dare's recal from the Deputy ship." 

12. Skeffyngton to Crumwell. " Disposal of Irish offices." 

13. Same to same. " Disposal of Irish offices." 

14. The King and Ossory. " Grant of the government of Kil- 
kenny, Tipperary, Waterford, Ossory, and Ormond, to Ossory, who 
engages to assist Skeffyngton, and the King's Deputy for the time 
being, to reduce Desmond, and to resist the Pope." [This indenture 
was executed on the day of the Earl of Ossory's departure from 
England, immediately Receding the commencement of the Geraldine 
Rebellion, ivhich broke out in June 1534. See Ware's History of 
Ireland, Henry VIII., pp. 89, 90.] 

June 27. 15. Letters patent, granting to Thomas Stevyns the office of Con- 
stable of the Castle of Wicklow. Latin. 

June. 16. Robert Cowley to Secretary Crumwell. " Outrages committed 

by Lord Thomas Fitzgerald." 



1534. VOL ' IL 

July 9. 17. Thomas Oumwell to his loving friend Mr. Thomas Alen, at 

London. Rayleigh. Trusted to have received from him at Midsummer last 

the 1001. which of gentleness he lent him. The 700 marks which 

Archbishop Alen owes to the King. Henry VIII. " is no person to 

be deluded or mocked withal." 

July 21. 18. Thomas Fynglas to Crumwell. " Fitzgerald's practices with 
Dublin. O'Conor." 

August 26. 19. George Wilkynsone to same. His intention of going 
Crumweli's Ireland. His heart is ill at ease by the unracious demeanour of 

-p a 


Crumwell to be a good master to his poor mother 
and to his father-in-law in their lawful pursuits. 

August 30. 20. The King to the Mayor, &c. of Waterford. Understands 
Woodstock, how they have withstood the treason of Thomas Fitzgerald. Assures 
them he will send such power and succour to aid and maintain 
them, that the wretched traitor shall be extremely punished. 

[August.] 21. Thomas Alen of Rayleigh to Crumwell. On having intelli- 
gence of the murder of his brother, the Archbishop of Dublin, for 
whom he was surety for many debts, implores assistance to liquidate 
them. Desires credence to Mr. Lentall and George Alen. 


Sept. 24 


Oct. 4. 


Nov. 8. 


22. Same to same. Prays his assistance for the discharge of a 
debt which was owing by his late brother, the Archbishop of Dublin, 
to the Crown. 

23. John Alen to same. Delay at Chester for the Lord 
Deputy's horses. Ships to transport Sir W. Brereton and Mr. Salis- 

24. Same to same. 
Dublin in danger." 

" Skeffyngton tardy in sailing to Ireland. 

Nov. 9. 


25. H. Halgrave to Thomas Alen, of Rayleigh, in Essex. The pitiful 
death of his brother John, who was slain by the Earl of Kildare's 
eldest son, the 27th July [it was July 28 ?]. Hears from Mr. Trans- 
filde that he, Thomas Alen of Rayleigh, has been sore sick through 
the fall of a horse. Has been a captive from the beginning of July 
till Oct. 18, when he was ransomed for 50 marks of his own goods. 
The rebels took all the Archbishop's goods they could get ; and the 
part which was saved by his naughty steward, Mr. Win. Brabazon 
the King's Treasurer has seized, for the 200 marks to be paid at 
Christmas next. George Alen. Thomas Alen's wife. 

The King to the Mayor, &c. of Waterford. Thanks for their 
resistance to Thomas Fitzgerald. Will remember them to all their 
comforts. [See above, 1534, August 30, No. 20.] 

26. " Ordinances for the government of Ireland." 




27. "Sentence of excommunication against Lord Thomas Fitz- 
gerald and his confederates, for the murder of Archbishop Alen." 

28. A copy of the preceding document. 

Dec. 26. 29. John Alen to Crumwell. " Proceedings of Fitzgerald, and 
Dublin. measures taken against him." 

Dec. 26. 

Jan. 21. 

in Dublin. 

30. Instructions for Edward Beck [or A Beck], sent to England 
with the above letter. 

31. Remembrances for Ireland. Mention of the book of the Earl 
of Kildare's rents and tributes, which is with the Countess of Kildare. 
The Parliament to be summoned. O'Conor upon his pledges to 
re-edify Kisshavanna and other piles "prostrate" by him. O'More 
to suffer Woodstock and the manor of Athy to be repaired. 
M'MuiTOugh to re-edify the King's castle which he brake. Reve- 
nues of the Archbishoprick of Dublin to be called for, to the King's 
use &c. 


32. Deposition of William Lynche, of the Knock, in the County of 
Meath, Gent. He paid a sum of money to Walter Hosey, of Mel- 
lussey, deceased, to the use of Thomas Fitzgerald, the traitor, for 
safeguard of himself, his castle, lands, and tenants. Thomas Fitz- 
gerald was ruled in his rebellion by Justice Delahide, Dame Janet 
Eustace, wife to Sir Walter Delahide, steward to Kildare, and her 
son James. 

Feb. 1 0. 33. Edward Beck of Manchester to Crumwell. Has been driven 
Holyhcad. by bad weather back from the coast of Ireland. News from Dublin 
of Feb. 9, that the Lord Deputy and all the King's army are in good 
health, and lie abroad in the English Pale, so that the traitor Thomas 
Fitzgerald dares not show himself, and his power clearly goeth from 
him. They have Janet Eustace and her daughter both prisoners in 
the castle of Dublin. She has been the great causer of the insurrec- 
tion of Thomas Fitzgerald, and of her own son, James Delahide. 

Feb. 1 5, 34. Brabazon to same. " Stations of the troops. Want of re- 
Dublin, venue." Incloses, 

34. i. Piers Earl of Ossory to the Lord Deputy. His policy to 
allure the pretended Earls of Desmond to some good concord. The 
sending of his son, James Butler, with 60 horse to hold with the 
Deputy for a season against the rebels. The Earls of Desmond have 
a malicious rebellion rooted in them ever since the execution of 
Thomas Earl of Desmond at Drogheda. His costs in keeping his 
son-in-law [the son of O'Brien] in his allegiance. Has sent to 
M' William, of Clanricard, and Richard Burkes sons, who are his 
lovers and friends, to annoy the Kellies in their back side, if they 
attempt to go to Westmeath to aid the rebel, Thomas Fitzgerald, 
with the 160 horse, which they have prepared. Prays the Deputy to 
spare Sir John Sayntloo still longer. 1535, Jan. 17. 




Feb. 20. 35. John Darcy to Crumwell. Has been far off on the borders of 
Dublin. Irishmen, where he was appointed to do the King service, and could 
not write nor well indite letters to Crumwell. Crumwell to write 
to Mr. Win. Brabazon ever to be good master to him as he is. 

36. Sir William Skeffyngton to same. Desires that the treasure 
may be sent to Chester, where he will be before the ships do come 
" vppon the peyne of my lyfe as knowthe Jesus." 

March 12. 37- James Boys to same. " All Kildare's effects were carried 
Dublin. away by his son Thomas Fitzgerald." 

March 16. 38. Thomas Fitz Symon to same. The Lord Deputy, with the 
Dublin. King's army and the power of the country, are at the siege of 
Maynooth. As yet resistance is made against them by the ward. 
The country is sore oppressed by the holding of James Fitzgerald 
and Richard with Irish horsemen, whose service was never yet true 
to the King nor his subjects. Ever since we took Irishmen for 
our defence, we have never been well defended, which is the occasion 
that the English inhabitants are gone out of the land. Wishes the 
King would send for a time, a hundred or a half of Northern 
spears, and Mr. Bowmer [Bulmer], who was here before and knows 
the country. 

March 26. 39. Lord Deputy Skeffyngton and Council to the King. " Siege 
Maynooth. and capture of Maynooth. Prisoners taken, tried, and executed." 

March 26. 40. Abstract of a journal of the operations of the forces under 
the command of Lord Deputy Sir William Skeffyngton, and Sir 
William Brereton, during the rebellion of Lord Thomas Fitzgerald. 

April 10. 41. Walter Harbartt to Crumwell. Explains the circumstances 
Cardiff Castle, under which Robert Clere, a man of Waterford, captain of a ship 
transporting corn for supply of the King's army in Ireland, had 
been stayed at Cardiff. Scarcity of corn in Wales. 

April 30. 42. Skeffyngton to the King. " Vindicates himself against the 
Maynooth. charge of supineness. The Desmonds. Difficulty in taking Fitz- 


Charge against Archbishop Cromer." 

May 10. 


43. Lord Deputy Skeffyngton and Council to Crumwell. Com- 
mend the prowess of the bearer, Anthony Mores, for faithful service, 
with 17 others, servants of the Prior of Kilmainham. The said 
Mores boldly went out of the gates of Dublin, and with his own 
hand slew divers of the rebel's best footmen. 

May 15. 

44. Thomas Agard to same. At his coming to Chester, he 
Khuddian in mett with Talbott's servant, which is in the Fleete/' with letters 
* n *' I re l n d- Things of small effect were in them. He also met 
with Leonard Skeffyngton, and Powell, the Treasurer's servant. 
Mr. Poulet has brought over 20 hobbies, and Thomas [Fitzgerald, 
the Earl of] Kildare's wife. Will depart with the first wind into 



May 17. 


May 18. 


June 16. 


45. Roger Beverlaye, priest, to Secretary Crumwell. Offers to 
Crumwell his pension out of the abbey of Tilty, in Essex, and the 
bonds for its payment, which are forfeited, and prays to be placed in 
a benefice. Sent a book of the acts of " Bartilmew Fitzgerald, y l was 
the confusion of my Lord." Knows who stole the late Archbishop 
Alen's goodly cross of gold, with a great pearl heart thereat. 

46. Roger Beverlaye, clerk, late of Tilty, to same. Many get 
good benefices who can pay for them. Offers an annuity of 10. 
out of Tilty to Crumwell, and begs for clerical preferment in 

47. Lord Deputy Skeffyngton and Council to the King. Send 
over John Alen the Master of the Rolls and Gerald Aylmer the 
Chief Baron of the Exchequer, with Acts for the next Parliament. 
They can declare the state of the land, and the successes obtained. 

June 1 6. 48. Extract of the above. 

June 16. 

June 16. 

June 30. 




July 27. 


49. Lord Deputy and Council to Crumwell. "Alen and Aylmer 
sent to England with bills for the Parliament." 

50. Articles or heads of Acts to be passed by the Parliament o 
Ireland " for the King's advantage, and for the common weal of the 
land and reformation." 

51. Philip Roche, Merchant, of Kinsale, to Crumwell. Has sent 
two falcons and three " merlons," and a sparrowhawk and two grey- 
hounds, with Davy Shihan, as a present to Crumwell. Prays his help 
to get the patent of Kinsale renewed, and to have the King's gift 
of the cocket to maintain the walls of Kinsale. [The same patent 
was sent last year by the Council and Commons of Kinsale.'] 

52. John Bowes to same. Mr. Aylmer and Mr. Alen have 
already threatened him either to be sent to the Fleet or the Tower 
of London, or else with gyves to the castle of Dublin. Prays 
Crumwell to examine Mr. Leonard Skeffyngton, Mr. Fynglas, Mr. 
Denman, Robert Powell [Apowell], More, Mr. Cowley, Savage, and 
Lawrence, Mr. Brabazon's servant, who are now here, upon their 
" holydom othe," whether the charges he has brought against the 
said Aylmer and Alen be not true, and ten times as much more. 

53. Ossory to Walter Cowley. " Instructions for his communicating 
with the King on various Irish affairs." 

54. Aylmer, Chief Baron of the Exchequer, and Alen, to Crum- 
well. " Slackness of the troops. Brabazon has discomfited Fitz- 
gerald's partizans." Inclose, 

54. i. William Brabazon to Aylmer and Alen. The distressed 
state of the County of Kildare. Begs them to bring money to fur- 
nish 500 kerne. June 23, Kildare. 



August 15. 55. Lord Leonard Gray to Crumwell. " Has arrived in Ireland. 
Naas. Brabazon has attacked Fitzgerald, who was taken with some of his 
party, but escaped again." 

August 17. 56. Lord Deputy Skeffyngton to the King. " Peace with O'Neill. 
Maynooth. Proposes an expedition against O'Conor. Plague in Ireland." 


56. i. Articles concluded with Gillespik Macdonyll, on the part of 
Con O'Neill, by which O'Neill agrees to surrender himself and his 
lands to the King and become a good and faithful subject. Con- 
firmed by O'Neill on July 25. July 1, Maynooth. Latin. 

56. n. Skeffyngton and O'Neill. " Indenture of submission." 
July 26, Drogheda. Latin. [This is not the original inclosure, 
which is now in the Lambeth library, Vol. 603, p. 128, but is a 

August 21. 57. Aylmer and Alen to Crumwell. " Military proceedings against 
Naas. Fitzgerald and O'Conor. Illness of Skeffyngton. They press that 
Lord L. Gray may be appointed Lord Deputy. Trymleteston has 
delivered up the Great Seal." 

August. 58. Same to same "Trymleteston is going to England. Alen 
disclaims all wish for the Great Seal. Chief Justice Thomas Fynglas 
displaced. Recommend that Skeffyngton be superseded, and Gray 
appointed as Deputy. 

August. 59. Lord Thomas Fytz Gerald to Gray. " Offers to surrender upon 

August 27. 60. The Council of Ireland to the King, " Surrender of O'Conor 

The Camp, and Fitzgerald. Lord L. Gray will convey the latter to England. 

Lord Butler stays in Ireland. Anxious for Gray's return. 

Sept. 9. 61. Norfolk to Crumwell. " Miscellaneous matters. His opinion 
Keninghaii. respecting the treatment of Fitzgerald." 

Sept. 10. 62. Brabazon Treasurer of War to same. " Recommends all 
the Fitzgeralds to be got rid of. The banishment of the Tholes 
[Tooles], the Byrnes, and the Kavanaghs, the recall of Skeffyngton, 
and the removal of the Lord Chancellor. Plague." 

63. Remembrances for Mr. Secretary Crumwell for the examination 
of Lord Thomas Fitzgerald. 

Oct. 1. 64. The King to the Mayor and Inhabitants of Waterford. Thanks 
Grafton. fo r their loyalty. Advises them that he has sent a sufficient army 
to repress the rebels. 

Oct. 1. 65. Note of the arms of Waterford. 




Oct. 6. 


Oct. 10. 

Oct. 14. 


Oct. 16. 


Oct. 17. 




Nov. ? 

Dec. 14. 




66. The King to Skeffyngton. " Qualified thanks for the capture 
of Fitzgerald. Will not recall Skeffyngton." 

67. Stephen Ap Parry to Crumwell. " Narrative of Lord Jaines 
Butler's expedition to Dungarvan, Youghal, Cork, Mallow, Limerick, 
Cashel, and Clonmel. Interviews with Sir Thomas Butler, M'Shane, 
James and John of Desmond, Cormac Oge M'Carthy, Lord Bany, 
young M'Carthy Reagh, and Donough O'Brien." 

68. Indenture of John Alen, Master of the Rolls, acknowledging 
to have received from Secretary Thomas Crumwell, patents of crea- 
tion for Thomas Eustace and Sir Richard Power to Tbe Barons of 
Parliament. A commission for holding a Parliament. An Act to 
make the King Supreme Head of the Church, &c. 

69. O'Brien to the King. " Excuses himself for having harboured 
Fitzgerald, and concealed his mission of Delahide to the Emperor/' 

70. Skeffyngton to the same. " Capture of Dungarvan Castle." 

71. Lord James Butler to Crumwell. "Has been to Youghal, 
Cork, and Limerick. Does not like to be his own herald/' 

72. John Gostwyke's account of expenses of the wars in Ireland, 
and for conveying Lord Thomas Fitzgerald to the Tower of London, 
in October 1535. 

73. The King to Skeffyngton. " Orders monthly Musters to be 
taken, Advices to be written by the Council and Deputy conjointly. 
Army to be reduced. Neil More O'Neill to be excluded from Louth. 
Return to be made of forfeited lands. Lord Leonard Gray reap- 
pointed Marshal." 

74. Names of persons to be apprehended as being engaged in the 
Geraldine rebellion. 

75. Robt. Cowley to Crumwell. Returns thanks for being ap- 
pointed Customer of Dublin for life. To write to the Chancellor to 
seal his patent. 

76. Act of the Parliament of Ireland for the recovery of records 
ascertaining the King's title to lands in " the Earldoms of March, 
Ulster, the lordship of Trim, and Connaught," which had been em- 
bezzled. 1494, December. [Copy. Indorsed, "Petition of the 
Commons of the Parliament in Ireland, touching the embezzling of 
records of the King's lands."] 



Jan. 2. 



Jan. 5. 


Jan. 26. 

Jan. 26. 


Jan. 26. 


Jan. 28. 


Feb. 12. 


Feb. 14. 


Feb. 14. 


Feb. 18. 


Vol. III. 1536. 


1. Lord Ossory, &c. to Crumwell. " State of Leinster. The Byrnes, 
Tooles, and Kavanaghs. O'Donnell and his sou. O'Reilly. Neil 
More O'Neill. Maynooth/' 

2. Same to same. " Disclaim all enmity against Brabazon." 

3. Proposals submitted to Secretary Crumwell, for the pacification 
of Ireland and suppression of rebellion ; to put the greater part of 
the Geraldines to death, except James Fitzgerald and Richard his 
brother, confiscating the whole Earldom of Kildare to the King's use. 

4. Thomas Lord Dacre to Crumwell. He was arrested on the 
arrival of Leonard Lord Gray, and his demeanour examined, but he 
had done his duty. His service as Captain of Northern spears in the 
King's army. His poor kinsman, Richard Dacres, imprisoned with 
irons on his arms and legs. Mr. Agard, Crumwell's servant, removed 
the irons from him. 

5. Anne Lady Skeffyngton to Queen Anne Boleyn. 



6. Same to Crumwell. Her husband, Sir William, died Dec. 31. 
Without the King's pity she and all her children are utterly undone. 
Desires to be allowed her petition. 

7. Articles of petition for Anne Lady Skeffyngton, to be shown to 
Mr. Secretary : To be allowed the stipend due to her late husband as 
well in England as in Ireland. Four teams of great cart horses. 
Desires to be transported home, with servants. 

8. Piers Butler Earl of Ossory to the King. " Complains that 
Skeffyngton, when at Dungarvan, would not attack O'Brien's bridge. 
Asks for the seneschalship of Dungarvan." 

9. Wm. Brabazon to Crumwell. To give thanks from the King's 
Grace to the Mayor, &c., of Waterford, for their good entertainment 
of the King's soldiers, and for their attention shown to Brabazon's 
letters. William Wyse, the King's servant in Waterford, has been 
always prone and ready. 

10. Council of Ireland to the King. Give an account of the 
apprehension of the five brothers of the Earl of Kildare. The Lord 
Deputy has sent them to England under the charge of the Master of 
the Rolls and the Chief Justice. 

11. Same to Crumwell. "Five Fitzgeralds taken and sent pri- 
soners to England." 

12. Anne Lady Skeffyngton to same. Complains of being greatly 
troubled, vexed, and hindered many ways by Lord Leonard Gray, 
who detained her goods, intercepted her letters to the King and 
him, and arrested the ships she had hired. 



Feb. 20. 

Feb. 23. 


March 1. 



The King to the Mayor and Citizens of Waterford. Sends a 
Bearing Sword to be borne from time to time before the Mayor. 
[See paper placed 1535, Oct. 1., Vol. ii., No. 64.] 

13. Lord Deputy Gray to the King. " Has received his patent as 
Lord Deputy, and another for holding a Parliament/' 

14. Piers Butler, Earl of Ossory, to Crumwell. Has sent four 
dozen of " martrone skynnes " to Robert Cowley, to be presented to 

15. Matthew Kyng to same. To write letters in his favour to 

Would like the constableship of Harloghe or of 

March 2. 

Chester. the Lord Deputy. 

March 16. 


March 22. 


April 28. 

16. Mayor and Council of Youghal to same. Request him to 
see them provided. Pray for a supply of ordnance and powder to 
protect them against the rebels. 

17. Thomas Fokes to same. " Sir John of Desmond, by the 
aid of O'Brien, has obtained great part of the Earldom." 

1 8. The King to the town of Galway. " Requires them not to 
sell victual or merchandise but in market towns ; to shave their lips, 
let their hair grow over their ears, and wear caps ; to wear the 
English dress ; to shoot with the long bow, and leave unlawful 
games ; to learn English ; to administer justice ; not to allow sanc- 
tuary ; not to succour the King's enemies ; not to forestall Limerick 
market." [Signed by stamp.] 

19. Modern copy of the preceding orders. 

20. Walter Cowley to his father, Robert Cowley (in London). 
" Sir John of Desmond disturbs Munster, and seeks a connexion with 
Ossory. He commends James of Desmond. Brabazon has overrun 

The King to the Mayor, &c. of Waterford. Thanks for their 
fidelity and letters by the bearer, Wm. Wyse. Sends a Cap of Main- 
tenance to be borne before the Mayor. [See paper placed, 1534, 
Aug. 30, Vol. ii., No. 20.] 

21. Clause of the Act of Absentees, 28 Hen. VIII. cap. 3, naming 
the several persons of England who hold lands in Ireland. Also 
clause of an Act for the revocation of an Act made 7 Edw. IV., for 
the legitimation of Edmund and Theobald Butler, sons to James 
Butler, with a proviso that the same shall not be prejudicial to the 
indentures tripartite bearing date 1528, Feb. 18. 

22. " Pour" Leonard Gray to Crumwell. " Parliament is sitting. 
Scots landed in Ireland. O'Neill professes friendship, but is sus- 
pected. Entreats Crumwell not to heed the malignant surmises of 
false tongues." [This is the first instance in 'which the Lord Deputy 
signs'' pour" Leonard Gray: it occurs frequently afterwards.] 

May 10 ? 23. Aylmer and Alen to same. Recommend the suits of 
Richard Savage, who was robbed in the rebellion ; and of John 
Garret, whose things the army had for their relief in Lambay. 


April 28. 
April 29. 

fl aterford. 

April 30. 


May 1. 

May 7. 



May 16. 


May 20. 


May 21. 



24. Thomas Stephyns, Mayor of Dublin, to the Duke of Norfolk, 
John Tomer has not obtained the office of Swordbearer of the city of 
Dublin, which was granted last Michaelmas to one who did good 
service in the time of the rebellion of Thomas Fitzgerald. Prays 
Norfolk to intercede with the King to have respect to the great ruin, 
losses, and decay of Dublin. To thank Crumwell for his goodness to 
the writer. Mr. Brabazon is an honest gentleman. Robert Casey, 
Norfolk's old servant, sues for a further interest in his office of 
searcher and ganger of Dublin. Great dearth. Money scant. 

25. J. Alen to Crumwell. Had arrived at Chester on the 13th of 
May. It is reported in Ireland that lie and Chief Justice Aylmer 
are in the Tower. 

26. Gray to same. "Dyrrham, returned from Spain, taken 
and executed. Has refused leave of absence to Lord Treasurer Butler 
and Lord Delvin. Bespeaks Cruin well's good offices, in case of com- 
plaints against him. Lack of money. Parliament still sitting." 


26. i. Examination of John Dyrrham. 

26. II. Note of certain apparel belonging to the late Earl of 
Kildare, to Thomas Fitzgerald, and to the Countess of Kildare. 

[May 22.] 27. Petition of the Mayor and Citizens of Dublin to the King. 
The ruin sustained in breaking their towers, bridges, houses, and 
the leads of the conduits of the water in the late siege by the 
Geraldines. The city is holden in fee-farm for 200 marks yearly. 
Pray for the continuance of an allowance of 46Z. for murage, pavage, 
and other necessaries. Pray for six falcons, one for every of the 
six gates, with 4 lasts of gunpowder. 

28. James Lord Butler Viscount Thurles, Lord Treasurer, to Crum- 
well. To be good to the bearer, who had been Mayor of Dublin, and 
had done well in defending Dublin against Thomas Fitzgerald. 

29. Gray to the King. Has received his gracious letters by the 
Chief Justice and Master of the Bolls. Expresses great fidelity 
and attachment. 

May 29. 30. Sir John Whyte, Knt., to Crumwell. Prays to be restored to 
such lands as the Earl of Kildare had wrongfully kept from him. 
Also to have commission to take up corn for the expense of Dublin 

May. 31. George Browne Archbishop Elect of Dublin to same Prays 

for his aid concerning his departure for Ireland. His charges 
and expenses diversly laid out. Hears Mr. Agard is despatched 
with favour. It would have been better for Browne never to have 
been named than thus utterly to be shamed. 

June 1. 32. Deputy Gray and Council to the King. Arrival of the Chief 

Dublin. Justice and Master of the Kolls. 7,000. insufficient to discharge the 

arrears of the army. Recommend that a commission should be 

directed to the Deputy and others for the pardon of the adherents of 

the Earl of Kildare and the Geraldines upon reasonable fines. 

May 22. 


May 29. 




June 1. 


June 1. 

June 3. 

June 3. 

June 3. 

June 7. 


June 10. 


June 10. 


June 24. 



33. Lord Deputy and Council of Ireland to Crumwell. " Want 
of money prevents them from repelling John of Desmond and 
O'Brien, and obliges them to adjourn the Parliament to Kilkenny, 
against the 25th of July. Acts passed. Eecommend a discretionary 
power of pardoning the Geraldines, and that none of those in 
England be suffered to return." 

34. Lord Chancellor John Barnewall and Council of Ireland to 
same. " Praise Gray's conduct and disclaim all dissension." 

35. R. Cowley to same. " The state of Ireland. Plan for re- 
ducing it to obedience in the ensuing spring." 

36. Memorandum, in Wriothesley's handwriting, of letters from 
the King and Mr Secretary Crumwell, by Cowley, to the Lord 
Deputy, and by Edmund Sexten, to the Irish Lords. 

37. Crumwell to the Deputy and Council. " Answer to Brabazon's 
letter of May 17. The King wishes the Act of Succession to 
be postponed. Sends Body for information respecting the Irish 
revenue. Has restored the temporalities of the See of Dublin from 
Michaelmas last." 

38. Instructions to William Body, sent on a special mission into 
Ireland, to induce the Lord Deputy and Council to use every effort 
to increase the King's revenues in that country. 

39. Sir Francis Harbart to Crumwell. Peace with the bordering 
Irishry. The Lord Deputy intends to set forward towards O'Brien 
the 25th of July. O'Brien is supported by the Desmonds and 
Geraldines. Want of pay. Reminds Crumwell that he said at 
their second interview, if he died in his Prince's service, he died in 
the service of God ; and if he lived doing his Prince service, that he 
needed not to doubt but that he should thereby be made a man 
Hopes for reward. 

40. Walter Cowley to same. State of Ireland. Has been 
handled roughly for his truth. Heat of the furies between Agard, 
and Alen and Aylmer. Ossory, the Lord Treasurer Butler, the 
Bishop of Meath, and my Lord of Kilmainham [Sir John Rawson], 
directed letters to Crumwell, which were delivered to Robert Case 
[Casey], to be conveyed to England, but were opened by the Lord 
Deputy Gray. The possessions and profits now acquired in this 
Parliament will draw to a good sum. A general reformation to be 
set about next year. 

41. Matthew Kyng to same. One of the retinue of the late 
Lord Deputy Skeffyngton, whose name is Thomas Canon, arrived 
from Ireland this day, without passport. Prays Crumwell not to 
believe him till the truth may be known. Tames for wind. 

42. Gray to the King. Interview with O'Neill. M'Gilpatrick is 
at war with O'More. Gray has provided victuals, lime, masons, and 
carriage, intending to re-edify the castle and bridge of A thy, and 
the manor of Woodstock. Mentions, 

B 2 




42. i. Peace and concord between Lord Leonard Gray and Con 
O'Neill., whereby O'Neill agrees to serve the King against all rebels and 
enemies. O'Neill confirms the articles formerly entered into with 
Sir* W. Skeffyngton. June 15, Dundalk. [See 1535, August 17 5 
Vol. ii., No. 56, Inclosure II.] 

June 24. 43. Gray to Crum well. " Agard arrived with money. Peace with 
Kilmainham. O'Neill. The Geraldines. O'Brien. O'Conor. O'More. M'Gil- 

patrick. Is hurt at having received no thanks from the King. 

Complains of false accusations against him." 

June 24. 44. John Barnewall, Lord of Trymleteston, Chancellor, and the 

Kilmainham. Council of Ireland to same. Vindicate the Lord Deputy Gray 

from the calumnious reports of Lady Skeffyngton, and her son-in-law, 

Anthony Colly. Colly set at liberty after having been committed 

to the Marshal's ward. 

June 26. 45. Prior and Convent of St. Wolstan's, in Ireland, to same, 
Monastery of Pray him to move the King that their monastery may stand, and 
' no {. ^ suppressed. Eeport that it was intended for Alen, the Master 
of the Kolls. 

St. Wolstan's. 

June 26. 


46. Lord Deputy Gray and Council to the King. " Kecommend 
the granting of the forfeited lands, and the conquest of M'Mur- 
rough, O'Murroughoe [O'Murphy], O'Byrne, O'Toole, and their 
kinsmen inhabiting between Dublin and Wexford." 

June 30. 47. Council of Ireland to Crumwell. " The army mutinous for 
Dublin. non-payment of their wages." 

June 30. 48. Vice Treasurer Brabazon to same. " Murmuration" amongst 
the Northernmen of the army for want of pay. The rebellion quelled 
with much difficulty. Requests to be supplied with money. Captain 
Anthony Colly's good service. 


49. Remembrance for Mr. Secretary [Crumwell], for settling the 
Earl of Desmond's lands, dividing them into shires, appointing 
escheators and paying rents to the King. [This was probably in 
consequence of the death of Sir John of Desmond. See 1536, June 
19, State Papers, Vol. ii., p. 333, note.'} 

July 1. 


July 12. 


July 16. 

July 17. 


50. William Body to Secretary Crumwell. 
to carry him over from Holyhead. 

Has engaged a ship 

51. William Wyse to Lord Crumwell. " The troops are in spirits 
at being paid. Gray at Femes. Has repulsed the Desmonds and 
O'Briens, who have defied Ossory. Roche, Barry, and Teig Oge 
M'Carthy. O'More and M'Gilpatrick at peace." 

52. Elizabeth Countess of Kildare to same, 
son Edward." 

" Disposal of her 

53. Anthony Colly to same. In favour of the bearer Richard 
Wheytley, who had served well as a soldier in the retinue of the 
late Lord Deputy Sir William Skeffyngton. 




July 17. 



54. Wm. Body to Crumwell. " Has reached Dublin, and means 
to accompany the Lord Deputy Gray and his army. Brabazon is to 
remain near Dublin." 

July 19. 55. George Browne Archbishop of Dublin, to the Lord Privy Seal 
Dublin. Crumwell. Arrived at Dublin with Mr. Body, on Saturday, 
July 15. 

August 1. 56. Anne Lady Skeffyngton to same. " Body has restored 
Dublin. her goods, but they have been seized by the Lord Deputy for a debt 
to the Crown. Prays assistance and a loan/' 

August 9. 57. Ossory and some of the Council to same. " James Fitz- 
Limerick. John of Desmond has proclaimed himself Earl, and joined O'Brien. 
Parliament adjourned to Limerick. The army marched to Cashel. 
Gray takes Desmond's castle of Lough Gur ; is joined by Donough 
O'Brien; takes Carrickogonel, and loses it by treachery; takes 
O'Brien's bridge ; marches to Limerick. They commend Gray's 
activity and pains. Army disquieted on account of wages," 

August 9. 58. John Alen, Master of the Rolls, to the Lord Crumwell, In 
Limerick, favour of his brother, Thomas Alen, to be attendant upon Crumwell. 
Cromwell's goodness to the three Alens. 

August 9. 59. William Body to same. Reports the proceedings of the 
Limerick, expedition into Munster, under the command of Lord Deputy Gray. 
Piers Earl of Ossory and Lord James Butler. Castle Lokkere [Lough 
Gur ?] taken by the Lord Treasurer Butler July 31 . Carrickogonel (or 
in English Candle Rock), delivered up to the Lord Deputy by Matthew 
O'Brien, on August 2. O'Brien's bridge, being fifteen score paces 
in length, is broken down with bills, swords, and daggers, with great 
labour for lack of pickaxes and crows. Unwillingness of the Lord 
Deputy, the Master of the Rolls, and the Chief Justice to procure 
some honest aid to be levied amongst the subjects. The Master of 
the Rolls never speaketh as he thinketh, nor thinketh as he speaketh. 

August 9. 60. A remembrance of the Lord Deputy's band, and of such Irish- 
men as repaired to him, with the number of their men. 

August 10. 61. Lord Deputy Gray to the King. Account of the capture of 
Limerick. O'Brien's bridge, with the fortifications. 

August 10. 

62. Same to Crumwell. " Further details." 

August 10. 63. Edmund Sexten, Mayor of Limerick, to same. The Deputy 
Limerick. j s w jf,h the army in Limerick. Has endeavoured to assist him 
all he could. Prays him to have his suits in remembrance. 

August 11. 64. Patrick Barnewall to same. "Expects O'Brien soon to 
Limerick, be at peace. James of Desmond has offered his service. Brabazon is 
building Powerscourt, &c. Duties of his office as Prime Serjeant." 



, - Q VOL. III. 


August 19. 65. Lord Deputy Gray to the King. " Makes a favourable report 

In the field, near of his army." 
Lough Gur. 

August 19. 66. Same to Crumwell. Account of the taking of a strong castle 
Lough Gur. called Carrickogoiiel, belonging to O'Brien. Faults of Edmund 
Sexten, the Mayor of Limerick. 

August 22. 







Oct. 4. 


Oct. 6. 


Oct. 10. 


67. The Council of Ireland to Crumwell. " Carrig-o-gunnell again 
taken ; the garrison put to death ; the castle committed to Ossory 
and Butler. O'Brien will not recognize the King. James of Desmond 
offered to deliver his two sons as hostages for his good behaviour, 
and to abide the decision of the Lord Deputy and Council as to the 
Earldom, but has gone off. Compact between O'Brien and Desmond. 
The army will not invade O'Brien unless paid their wages. Lough Gur 
abandoned. Parliament adjourned to Dublin/' 

68. Rob. Cowley to same. " Death of the Duke of Richmond ; 
its effects on the Irish Parliament. Crumwell's Vicegerency in 
ecclesiastical causes. Prosecution of papists. James Fitz John of 
Desmond. Apprehension of Gerald Fitzgerald, James Delahide, &c. 
Ordnance. Chancellor of Ireland." 

69. Petition of Robert Apowell to same : Complains of the 
prepensed malice of Thomas Agard, who accused him of having 
robbed his master of all the King's treasure. 

70. Articles by Robert Apowell against John Alen. Alen's 
boast that he would bring Mr. Treasurer Brabazon to his account 
before Easter, to his confusion. He said the Vice Treasurer had cast 
the King's money away by handfuls. Alen sends over his brother 
Thomas with letters and credit to the King. William Oclyfe, servant 
to the late Deputy Skeffyngton, had to give 40s. to Stephen Ap Harry, 
and a doublet cloth of crimson satin. The said Stephen hath a fleece 
of all poor men that come from Ireland. 

71. Style and titles of Henry Fitz-Roy, Duke of Richmond and 
Somerset, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, natural son to Henry VIII. 

72. Minute for various instructions to Ireland : " Effect of the 
Duke of Richmond's death ; Earldoms of March and Ulster ; Lady 
Sentleger ; offices ; the Treasurer ; forfeited lands ; fines." 

73. Copy of the preceding. 

74. Robt. Cowley to Crumwell. "Acts for resumption of the 
King's customs ; for suppression of religious houses ; for granting a 
twentieth to the King. Patrick Barnewall very adverse. Judges' 
fees. Asks for the farm of Holmpatrick." 

75. J. Alen to the King. " Suggests a plan for completing the 
reduction of the Irishry." 

76. Edward Dudeley to Crumwell. " Disappointment at Brereton's 




Oct. 14. 77. Rob. Cowley to Crumwell. Divers profitable lands which the 
Dublin. Earl of Kildare had, are concealed from the King. Crumwell to ex- 
amine Thomas Fitzgerald, to learn where the fair book " registrall " 
is, which was written on parchment by Philip Flattisbury, and 
contains all the evidences of the said Earl's inheritances. There are 
too many Captains in the army ; they will remain in good towns 
making riot, and suffer the Deputy and the Treasurer to lie in the 

Oct. 23. 78. Sir John Whyte to same. Eecommends the bearer John 
Dublin. Browne for his good services done when Dublin Castle was besieged 
by the traitor Thomas Fitzgerald. 

Oct. 29. 


Oct. 31. 


Oct. 31. 


Nov. 23. 


Nov. 23. 


Nov. 24. 


79. The Lord Deputy and Council to the King. " Parliament 
prorogued. The inhabitants of the English Pale very poor. Re- 
commend that Ossory and his son should be induced to let the 
revenue be levied in Kilkenny, Tipperary, Wexford, and Waterford. 
Reduction of the army. Reformation of Leinster between Dublin 
and Waterford." 

80. Gray to the same. Desires to be allowed to select the army 
to be retained on the reduced establishment. His power and profits 
as Deputy are improperly abridged. 

81. Gray to Crumwell. "Cannot effectually serve the King with- 
out greater confidence being placed in him. Complains of Brabazon's 
interference, and of Agard, Pole, Cusake, and W. Cowley." 

The view of the account of William Brabazon, Treasurer of the 
King's army. [Ireland, Folios, Vol. i., No. 1.] 

82. Gray to Crumwell. " Defends himself against various charges." 

83. Lord Deputy and Council to same. " Reduction of the 
army. Enterprise for next year. Reformation of Leinster. Charges 
of suppressing the late rebellion. Want of money. Names of muti- 
neers. No dissension in the Council. Desmond, Lady Skef- 

84. Gray and Council to the King. Reduction made in the 
army. Project for reducing Leinster to obedience.. No dissension 
in the Council. 

" The causes of jealousy in the Council. 

Nov. 24. 85. Copy of the above. 

Nov. 24. 86. Gray to Crumwell. 
Kilmainham. Body. Brabazon." 

[1536.] 87. Extent of the abbeys and religious houses within the English 
Pale, with the money they may expend annually. 

1536. 88. Note of the five shires in Ireland [Dublin, Meath, Uriell, 

Kildare, and Catherlagh], which should be obedient to the King. 
Names of the Irish chieftains who have the greatest influence in 




[The Tower.] 89. Lord Thomas Fytz Gerald [tenth Earl of Kildare] to his 
servant John Eothe. " Wishes him to get 20L from O'Brien on his 

in prison. 
[The Tower.] 


90. Same to O'Brien. To send him 201. on the plate he has in 
g custody, by the bearer John Rothe. Begs of him not to break 

or square with the Lord Deputy, but rather agree with him. 

91. John Garett, Waterman, to Mr. Secretary. Begs to be libe- 
rated from prison. He " never thowght hurt nor yett never spake 
hurt that ever shulde towche the Kyng's nobyll Grace nor yett 
none of his lege pepyll." Has lived 26 years in Chancery Lane. 
Indorsed, " Bicardus Garet, Waterman." 

92. Thomas Alen to Crumwell. He wears a cere-cloth on his arm, 
which is the cause he does not wait. 

93. Thomas Alen to same. Has had a pain in his arm for two 
months, and could not come to see him. Lacks money. 

94. Note how to bring Ireland into good subjection, being 
remembrances to be declared by Master Body to Crumwell. 


Jan. 24. 


Jan. 29. 

Colly weston. 


Feb. 4. 


Feb. 4. 



1. Vice-Treasurer W. Brabazon to Crumwell. In favour of the 
bearer George Woodward, " an honeste and a bardie man." 

2. Dame Anne SkefFyngton to same. Her suit for money 
due from the King to her late husband for certain matters in 
Ireland. Beseeches him to procure from the King her pardon for 
certain debts owing by her late husband, there being proclamations 
and writs of outlawry issued against her. 

3. The King to the House of Commons in Ireland. " Asks for a 
benevolence from the laity." 

4. Lord Deputy Gray to the King. Conference with James Fitz 
John, the claimant to the Earldom of Desmond. Recommends that 
his claims should be allowed. Power of the Earl of Ormond, and 
the Butler family. 

5. Gray to Crumwell. " Transmits articles of submission prof- 
fered by James Fitz-John of Desmond and the Lord Deputy's 
answer. Desmond is afraid of Lord Butler. Parliament. The 
Commons astounded by the rumour of Thomas Fitzgerald's return ; 
they and the Spiritualty are averse to pass anything. Prorogation 
until May 1. Army unpaid. Gray lame." Incloses, 

5. i. Declaration of James Fitz-John, Earl of Desmond, to the 
inhabitants ofMunster. He ivill restore any goods taken wrongfully, 
since he became Earl of Desmond. 1536', Dec. 7. 





5. IT. Proffers of the Earl of Desmond. He will do the King 
true service ; will be ready to go to all hostings, at the Lord 
Deputy's call; ^vill make restitution of all goods and chattels 
taken by violence ; will do right to James Fitzmaur ice's challenge to 
the Earldom of Desmond ; will put his pledges into the hands of 
the Mayor of Limerick 1536, Dec. 

5. in. James Earl of Desmond to Gray. Readiness to serve 
the King. He never intended to offend, although he had suffered 
much wrong. He will put in pledges on receiving the King's par- 
don. Dec. 17, Loghgyr [Lough Gur~\. 

5. iv. Lord Deputy Gray to James Fitz John Earl of Desmond. 
Sets forth the misery of Munster through the conduct of the Des- 
monds. Will be mediator to the King for his pardon. Dec. 28, 
Maynooth. * 

6. Lord Deputy and Council to the King. " Reduction, of 

7. The Council of Ireland to the same. " Memorial for the win- 
ning of Leinster." 

8. Gray to Crumwell. " Sends by the bearer a copy of the pre- 
ceding memorial, which is to be engrossed and sent to the King 
and Council, by the Lord Butler." 

9. Lord Deputy and Council to same. Their opinion that the 
army should be employed to reduce Leinster to obedience. 

Feb. 20. 10. Prebendaries of St. Patrick's church of Dublin to same. 
[St. Patrick's.] Have received his letters for the preferment of Sir Edward Basnet 
to the deanery of their church, on its next becoming vacant. 

Feb. 10. 



Feb. 10. 

Feb. 10. 


Feb. 25. 

Feb. 25. 

March 1. 


11. The King to the Lord Deputy and Council. "Intends send- 
ing a trusty person to Ireland to ascertain its state. Expenses. 
Stewards and receivers. Treasurer not to go to war. Fines on 
pardons. Officers to execute their duties in person. Officers' fees. 
Suppression of monasteries." 

12. The same to the Treasurer Brabazon. Thanks for his service 
against the rebels. Directs him to attend in future to his civil 
duties, and not to engage in military affairs. 

13. "W. Brabazon to Crumwell. 
diligent service in the King's affairs. 

In favour of the bearer for 

March 10. 14. Gray to Crumwell. Refers to the verbal report of Richard 
Kilmainham. Hough for answer to the letter brought by V7alter Cowley. 

March. 15. Thomas Fookes to the Lord James Butler. Touching arecom- 
[Prob. London.] mendation of Thomas Kyng to the writer's lord and master [Crum- 
well]. Thomas Kyng has done right good service in O'Conor's 
country, where he was sore hurt. \_Folces was at Waterford on 
March 22, 1536. Gray says they would send a book to the King 
by the Lord Butler, Feb. 10, 1537; but did he go ?] 




April 10. 16. Gray and Brabazon to Crumwell. Received the King's let- 
Dublin, ters on Easter-day. Have summoned the Council. Request that 
money may be sent for the discharge of the army. 

April 20. 17. Lord Deputy and Council to the King. " Answer to the 
Dublin. despatch of Feb. 25." 

April 20. 18. Same to Crumwell. To the same effect as the above letter 
Dublin. to the King. 

April 27. 19. Dame Anne Skeffyngton to Crumwell. Prays for a lease of 
Colly weston. Loddyngton, co. Leicester, lately granted to Crumwell. Prays to be 
released from her husband's debts. 

April 29. 20. Gray, Brabazon, J. Alen, and Aylmer to same. " Corn- 
Dublin, plain of coldness in the King and Crumwell. Caution him against 
being lulled into security by the absence of the Geraldines. Charac- 
ters of the gentry within the English Pale. Treatment of Ossory and 
his son, who want the Earldom of Ormond and the lands belonging 
to it. Recommend they should have the honour, but not the lands." 

April 29. 21. Vice Treasurer William Brabazon to Wriothesley. Thanks for 
Dublin. his kindness. Trusts to see him in England. The Councillors now 
in England will declare the state of Ireland. 

April 30. 22. Lord Deputy Gray and the majority of the Council to Crum- 
Dublin. well. Assure him that the accusation of the Archbishop of Dublin 
against Mr. Vice Treasurer W. Brabazon, of fraud and peculation, has 
not been substantiated by the Archbishop. 

May 18. 23. Gray and Brabazon to same. " Parliament prorogued. 
Dublin. The Spiritualty froward. Coin. The Geraldines. O'Conor at 

May 25. 


May 26. 

May 28. 

June 11. 

24. Thomas Stephyns to the Duke of Norfolk. On Tuesday next, 
the Lord Deputy maketh forward with a hosting upon O'Conor. 
The bearer, the Bishop of Kildare's Chaplain, desires a letter from the 
King or Crumwell to the Lord Deputy and Council, that the House 
of Conall, which is united to the Bishoprick, should not be suppressed. 
The Mayor and others of Dublin intend to send over, at after Mid- 
summer, to the King. They pay 200 marks yearly, and have not in 
certain 100 marks to pay it with. Great mischief would ensue to 
the commonalty should an Act be passed that all money should be 

Letters patent granting to Thomas Stephyns and Lawrence 
Townley the office of Collectors of the Customs and Poundage in the 
Ports of Dublin and Drogheda. [See 1524, May 2., Vol. i., No. 37.] 

25. Sir Brian Tuke to Crumwell. Finds great difficulty to make 
up the 3,000?. to be sent into Ireland. 

26. Gray and Brabazon to same. "Journey against O'Conor. 
Brackland Castle taken and delivered to Cahir O'Conor. Dengan 
Castle taken and rased. Lack of money." 



June 24. 

June 26. 


June 26. 


June 30. 




July 31. 


July 31. 

July 31. 
July 31. 


July 31. 
July 31. 
July 31. 


27. Walter Brown, of Mulrancan, John Deverus and Alexander 
Ketyng, of County Wexford, to Crumwell. Complain that William 
Sayntloo, Watkin Apowell, and the 46 persons retained are not 
sufficient for the protection of Wexford. Propose that 5,000 or 
6,000 persons, part soldiers and part husbandmen, should be planted 
between Dublin and Wexford ; or otherwise, that the King should 
lease the County of Wexford to them for 100 marks, they making 
covenant to defend the same, and to pay all the officers of the said 
county their fees. 

28. The Council of Ireland to the King. Assault of O'Conor's 
new castle called the Dengan, built in a morass, and surrounded by 
great ditches and waters. 

29. The Council to Crumwell. " Capture of Dengan Castle. 
Praise Gray. Offaley committed to Cahir O'Conor. They recom- 
mend that Cahir should be elsewhere provided for, and Offaley 
settled ; or, that he should have a grant of it, and be made a Baron. 
Athlone Castle obtained. Want of ordnance." 

30. Sovereign and Commons of Wexford to same. Thanks for 
the continuance of their liberties. Their town lies open on one 
side to the King's enemies, whereby they sustain great damage. Their 
ill market, as few strangers with their ships resort to their town for 
the ill entering into their haven. They have 500 men able to do the 
King service. Pray for remission of a chief rent of 18 marks, 
3 shillings, and 5 pence sterling, for the reparation and defence 
of the town. 

31. Articles, in Alen's handwriting, submitted for consideration to 
form part of the instructions to the High Commissioners going to 

32. R. Cowley to Crumwell. " Detail of the state of Ireland pre- 
pared with a view to the instruction of the High Commissioners." 

33. Minute of Commission from the King to Sir Anthony Sent- 
leger, George Poulet, Thomas Moyle, and William Berners, High 
Commissioners for the regulation of the government of Ireland. 

34. Another minute of the same Commission. 

35. Two copies of the preceding Commission. 

36. The King to Sentleger, Poulet, Moyle, and Berners. " Instruc- 
tions for their guidance as High Commissioners in Ireland." 

37. Duplicate minute, with considerable additions. 

38. Copy of the above. 

39- Receipt given by three of the Commissioners to Lord Crum- 
well for various acts, books, and documents, to be taken by them to 




July 31. 

July 31. 
July 31. 


40. The King to the Lord Deputy and Council. Informing them 
of the appointment and powers of the High Commissioners. \Copy.~\ 

41. Copy of the above. 

42. The King to the Lord Deputy and Council and others. Has 
appointed the High Commissioners, together with Gerald Aylmer 
and others, to be Commissioners for letting march lands. 

July 31. 43. Draft of the above. 
July 31. 


July 31. 
July 31. 

July 31. 
July 31. 

July 31. 


July 31. 
July 31. 

July 31. 

[July 31.] 


July 31. 

July 31. 


44. The King to Gray. " Commands him to assist the Com- 
missioners. Thanks him for his good service against O'Conor." 

45. The same to the Vice Treasurer [Brabazon]. To afford every 
facility to the High Commissioners in the execution of their mission. 

46. Message from the King to the Parliament of Ireland. Directing 
them to pass such acts as the High Commissioners (who had autho- 
rity to enter into both Houses) should propose, and to frame them- 
selves to an honest thankful conformity. 

47. Copy of the above. 

48. Draft, in Secretary "Wriothesley's handwriting, of an Act to be 
passed by the Parliament of Ireland, for granting the King's pardon 
to all persons concerned in the late rebellion, on producing certificates 
form Sir Anthony Sentleger and the other Commissioners. 

49. Minute of the Commission for the Pardon : All engaged in 
the Geraldine rebellion who shall submit shall receive a full pardon 
on payment of a fine. 

50. Draft of the above minute. 

51. Proclamation that such as have been engaged in the Geraldine 
rebellion shall, upon submission, receive pardon on payment of a 

52-54. Drafts of three forms of the general and particular pardons 
to be granted by the Lord Deputy and the Commissioners to persons 
concerned in the late rebellion. 

55. The King to Browne Archbishop of Dublin. " Keproves him 
for lightness of behaviour and pride. Threatens to remove him." 

Censures him for 

56. The same to Ed. Staples Bishop of Meath. 
neglect of his ecclesiastical duties. 

57. Crumwell to the Sheriff of Wexford. The King has directed 
that an Act of Parliament shall be passed for the continuance of the 

liberties of the County of Wexford. 



August 1. 


1. Crumwell to the High Commissioners. Requests that they 
w ill grant a lease of Holm Patrick to old Cowley. 

August 6. Same to the same. " Refers to them a letter from James Fitz 
Windsor. John of Desmond. [See 1537, Augustl, No. 1.] Incloses, 

I. James Fitz- John, Earl of Desmond, to the King. The faith- 
fulness of his family. Offers with 300 men to reduce all Munster 
to obedience. July 8. Kilmallock. [See 1537, Aug. 1, No. 1.] 

August 6. 2. Crumwell to the High Commissioners. Signifying the King's 
Windsor, pleasure that the Priory of the Holy Rood at Limerick should not 
for the present be suppressed ; and recommending Patrick Hawlde 
[Harolde ?] Clerk, the Prior, to their special favour. 

August 7. Same to the same. To appoint Francis Harbart to command one 
Windsor. O f the garrisons which shall be first vacant, and to let to him 
some of the King's land. [See 1537, Aug. 1, No. 1.] 

August 8. Same to the same. To make a report of the value of any lands 
Dunstable. which Mr. Francis Harbart may desire to have granted to him by 
[See 1537, Aug. 1, No. 1.] 

the King. 

August 9. Same to the same. " The Desmond controversy. James Delahide, 
AinptMll. Walsh, and Gerald Fitzgerald in Desmond's country. [See 1537, 
Aug. 1, No. 1.] 

August 9. Same to the same. For Jerome Lynne, the Constable of Carling- 

Ampthill. ford, to be appointed Customer of Carlingford, in case he has not 

that office by patent ; some other provision must be made for 

Martin Skryne, to whom the said customership was granted by 

the last Deputy. [See 1537, Aug. 1, No. 1.] 

Artv^t 11. Same to the same. The King's pleasure that the bearer Edward 
Ampthiil. Beke should be recommended to their favour in all such suits as 
he shall make for any living or commodity of farm. [See 1537, 
Aug. 6, No. 2.] 

August 16. 3. Lord Deputy Gray to Crumwell. Want of money and 
The Navan. artillery. Prays that if any writing shall come to the King in 
favour of O'Conor, concerning the obtaining again of his country, it 
may be stopped. O'Conor is now as low as it were a dog for the 
bone, and doth follow Gray in every place. [In the State Papers 
Henry VIII., Vol. iii., p. 143, this letter is placed in the year 1539, 
which is presumed to be erroneous.} 

August 19. 4. Same to same. Prays that, in case the King shall promote 
Ardbraccan. Patrick Barnewall of Fieldston, his Serjeant-at-Law, to a higher 
room, Robt. Barnewall, of Roostown, brother to the Lord Chan- 
cellor, may obtain the said room of Serjeantship. 



VOL. V. 

August 25. Crumwell to the High Commissioners. For grant to Richard 
Windsor. Aylmer of the Chief Serjeantship of the County of Kildare for life, 
with a fee. [See 1537, Aug. I, No. 1.] 

August 28. Same to the same. Directing them to abstain from making grants 
Windsor, of such castles and fortresses as were in the King's hands until 
the arrival of Lord Butler, who will declare to them the King's 
intentions. [See 1537, Aug. 1, No. 1.] 


[London ?] 

Sept. 1. 


Sept. 2. 


Sept. 2. 


Sept. 15. 


Sept. 19. 


Sept. 19. 


5. Alexander Ketyng to Crumwell. Complains that the Act 
ordered to be drawn for the County of Wexford expresses no more 
but that the inhabitants shall enjoy all such liberties as they did in 
the time of the Earl of Shrewsbury. All matters to be tried by the 
officers of the county except arson, forestalling of the market, 
ravishing of women, and finding treasure under earth. Thomas 
Agard to be Treasurer. 40. promised to Crumwell. Prays for the 
land of Nicholas Ketyng, worth 22 marks. 

6. Gray to same. " Hosting against O'Neill. He makes terms. 
Manus O'Donnell professes friendship. Want of artillery and money." 

6. i. Manus O'Donnell to Gray. The death of his father. His 
intention to be a faithful subject. 1537, Aug. 20, Donegal. 
[Sir Hugh O'Donnell died in the beginning of July, 1537, and 
his son Manus O'Donnell, the writer of this letter, was elected by the 
people of Tirconnell to succeed. He was inaugurated as Chief of 
the O'Donnells by the stone near the church of Kilmacrenan, with 
the usual ceremonies. Ware's History of Ireland, Hen. VII L, p. 98.] 

7. Sir Anthony Sentleger, George Poulet, Thomas Moyle, and 
Wm. Berners, the High Commissioners, to Crumwell. Have received 
from him several letters touching Sir James of Desmond, with copy 
of his letter to the King. Will do as much as shall lie in their wits 
and power. 

8. Sir Anthony Sentleger to Mr. Thomas Wriothesley. 
tarried upon this coast this three weeks and more. 


9. The High Commissioners to James Fitz John of Desmond. To 
come to Dublin, and submit to them his claims to the Earldom of 
Desmond, in dispute between him and James Fitzmaurice. 

10. Lord Deputy Gray to the King. Arrival of the High Com- 
missioners. Promises his cordial cooperation with them in the 
discharge of their duties. 

11. Same to Crumwell. "Promises to aid the Commissioners. 
O'Conor skulks about." 

12. Lord Butler to Crumwell. "Earldom of Ormond." 




Sept. 20. 

Sept. 23. 


Sept. 23. 


VOL. V. 

13. Presentment by David Sutton to the King's High Com- 
missioners. Oppressions sustained by the Counties of Kildare and 
Carlow from the illegal exactions of the late Earl of Kildare and his 
subordinate officers. 

Crumwell to the High Commissioners. Signifying the King's 
pleasure for the bearer James Sherlock, to be appointed Receiver of 
the County of Wexford, and some convenient farm allotted for his 
maintenance. [See 1537, Aug. 6, No. 2.] 

Same to the same. Recommending that his servant Jerome 
[Hieronym] Lynne, Keeper of the castle of Carlingford, should 
have a lease of some farm in the vicinity at a reasonable rate. ' [See 
1537, Aug. 6, No. 2.] 

14. Gray to the same. " Exposition of the state of Ireland. 
Suggestions for its improvement." 

15 J. Alen to the same. "Exposition of the state of Ireland. 
Suggestions for its improvement." 

1 6. Same to the same. 

17. Luttrell to the same. 

The like." 
" The like/' 

Sept. 26. 


18. The High Commissioners, Sentleger, &c. to Crumwell. " Their 
arrival. Survey of the King's lands in Leinster." 

Sept. 26. Copy of the preceding letter. [See 1537, Sept. 15, No. 9.] 

19. Archbishop Geo. Browne to the King. " Answer to his letter 
of July 31." 

20. Same to Crumwell, To the same effect. 

Sept. 27 


Sept. 27. 
Sept. 27. 


21. Thomas Agard to Crumwell. Mr. Sentleger and the other 
Commissioners arrived at Dublin on the 8th. Agard also arrived 
with the treasure. 

Sept. 28. Crumwell to the Lord Deputy, Council, and High Commis- 

Stepney. sioriers. To make a lease of the Fassaghe Bentre [Bantry], and of 

the New Bawn, and of the " Dyppes " to Mr. Richard Butler, brother 

to the Lord Butler. The dispute between Piers Freigne and Richard 

Wessley for lands in county Kildare. [See 1537, Aug. 6, No. 2.] 

Sept. 29. Account of William Brabazon, Esq., Under Treasurer and Receiver 
General, for three years and a half and five weeks ending 1537, 
Sept, 29. Lat. [Ireland, Folios, Vol. I, No. 2.] 

Sept. 29. Declaration of the above account. 
No. 3.] 

Lat. [Ireland, Folios, Vol. i., 

Sept. 30. 


22. Patrick Barnewall, of Fieldston, to Crumwell. Proceedings 
of the Commissioners in reducing the army and surveying the 
Crown lands. Suggests that the claims of James of Desmond 
should be attended to; and recommends that his uncle Robert 
Barnewall should be appointed Lord Chief Baron. 





VOL. V. 

23. Articles delivered by the High Commissioners to Win. Walsh, 
Mayor of Youghal, and Patrick Gold, relative to the terms of sub- 
mission, &c., required from Lord James Fitz John of Desmond. 
Item, touching young Gerald Fitzgerald, second son to the late Earl 
of Kildare. 

24. An abstract of the misorders and evil rule within the land of 
Ireland. All the English March borderers use Irish apparel and the 
Irish tongue, as well in peace as in war, and for the most part use the 
same in the English Pale, unless they come to Parliament or Council. 

October 4. Crumwell to the Lord Deputy. To allow to Lord Butler, on 

Mortlake. passing his accounts, a reasonable sum for his expenses in guarding 

certain castles during the late rebellion. [See 1537, Oct. 6, No. 27.] 

October 5. 25. Presentment of the. Jury of the Corporation of Kilkenny to 
the High Commissioners. Grievances and exactions which the town 
sustains from the Earl of Ossory and his servants. 

October 5. 26. Presentment of the Jury of the Commonalty of Kilkenny to 
the same. My Lord of Ossory, my Lady his wife, and children 
do charge all the country with coin and livery as often as they 

October 6. 


27. Crumwell to the same. To show especial favour to the 
Mayor and citizens of Waterford for their loyal services. 

October 8. 28. Presentment of the Jury of the Gentlemen of the County of 
Kilkenny. Kilkenny to the same. Oppressions and exactions of the Earl of 
Ossory and his children. 

October 8. 29. Presentment of the Jury of the Commoners of the County of 
Kilkenny to the same. The peculiar grievances they sustain from 
the Earl of Ossory and others. 

October. 30. Presentment of the Jury of the Town of Irishtown to the 
same. The exactions of the Earl of Ossory and his dependants. 
M'Murrough doth take black rent of the town of Garon. The 
kernty of M'Murrough have stolen two horses belonging to 
John Nashe out of the pasture of Reemore "besides" Garon. 
The vicar of the town of Garon " wyll not crysten ne baptyse a 
child e orieles the frinds of the same childe gyve him his dynnar or 

October 12. 31. Presentment of the Jury of the City of Waterford to the 
same. Stating the grievances they sustain from Lady Kathe- 
rine Butler, last wife unto Sir Richard Power, and Thomas Power 
of Bally canvan, Tanist of his nation, the Archbishop of Cashel, 
the Bishop of Waterford, and others ; and verdicts found thereon. 

October 12. 32. Presentment of the Jury of the Commoners of the County of 
Waterford to the same. State the grievances they sustain from 
the Power Family, and Lady Katherine Butler, last wife unto Sir 
Richard Power. 



October 12. 





VOL. V. 

33. Presentment of the Jury of the Manor and Castle of Dun- 
gar van to the High Commissioners. Complaining of the exactions 
of the Vicar of Dungarvan, and the oppressions of Gerald Fitz John. 

34. Presentment of the Jury of the Corporation of the Town of 
"Wexford to the same. Stating their grievances. 

35. Presentment of the Jury of the County of Wexford to the 
same. Complain that the Irish rebels who were pursued by 
Philip Ketyng and others, were rescued by the people of Ross, and 
divers of the company of the said Ketyng were wounded. 

36. Presentment of the Jury of the Commons of the County of 
Wexford to the same. Complain that the Lord of Ossory entered 
into the castle of Turbard's Island, and withholds the same from 
John Deverus, the King's Constable. 

37. Presentment of the Jury of the Inhabitants of the Town of 
Ross to the same. Stating their grievances. 

38. Presentment of the Jury of the Heads and Commoners of the 
Town of Cloumel to the same. Stating the grievances they sustain 
from the exactions and oppressions of the Earl of Ossory and the 
Butlers ; with copies of bills found by the jury. 

39. Presentment of the Jury of the Gentlemen and Commoners of 
the County of Tipperary to the same. State the grievances they 
sustain from Thomas Butler and others of his family ; with copies of 
bills found by them. 

40. Presentment of James Braye and Richard Wedloke, Merchants 
of Clonmel, to the same. Against John Duff, servant to Edmund 
Butler deceased, and now to Sir Thomas Butler. 

October 23. Letters patent, granting to Piers Butler, Earl of Ormond and 
Ossory, and his eldest son James Butler, Lord Butler and Treasurer 
of Ireland, various lands. [See 1534, June 27, Vol. ii. No. 15.] 

October 23. List of lands, and the annual value, granted to Lord Butler, by 
the preceding patent, in the Counties of Kilkenny, Tipperary, Ca- 
therlagh, Wexford, Waterford, Kildare. Meath, Dublin, and the 
City of Dublin. [See 1534, June 27, Vol. ii. No. 15.] 


October 27. Crumwell to the Commissioners. The King has appointed 
The Neate* James Lord Butler to be Constable of the castles of Catherlagh and 
Kilkea. Directs them to assign annual convenient fees to him for the 
same. To show their good favours to the Earl of Ossory, and to the 
said Lord Butler for Crum well's sake. [See 1537, October 6, Vol. v. 
No. 27.] 

Nov. 8. 41. Sentleger, &c. with M'Gilpatrick. " Submission."' 

* The Neate houses, where the cattle were put up, stood on the ground formerly called 
Tothill fields, lying south, between the old Tothill street and the river Thames. 




Nov. fl). 


Nov. 15. 


Nov. 15. 

VOL. V. 

42. Richard Culoke to Brabazon. "The See of Clonfert in con- 
troversy between the nominees of the King and the Pope/' 

43. High Commissioners to Crumwell. " The King's land in Car- 
low, Kilkenny, Tipperary, Waterford, Dublin, and Kildare, much 
depopulated and wasted. O'Conor invades Offaley. Articles with 
James Fitz John of Desmond." Inclose, 

43. i. Articles of submission of James Fitz John of Desmond, 
claimant of the Earldom of Desmond. October 18. 

43. u. Another copy of these articles. October 18. 

Copy of the above letter. [See below 1537, December 25, No. 51.] 

[Nov. 15.] 44. List of castles and garrisons, as Old Ross, Ferns, "Wicklow, 
Holywood, Castle Jordan, Lough Sewdy, Knockfergus, Ardglass, 
Dundrum, the Green Castle, and Dtmgarvan. 

Nov. 25. 

Nov. 30. 




Dec. 10. 


Dec. 1 0. 


Dec. 13. 


Dec. 18. 
Dec. 25. 

45. Examination of Thomas Albeney, or Albanagh, 50 years oi 
age. His interview with O'Carroll whom the Lord Deputy had 
summoned to attend him against the traitor O'Conor, which 
summons he declined to obey, through the instigation of the Earl of 

46. John Bolter of London, Goldsmith, to Crumwell. Can have 
no furtherance in his causes before the Lord Chancellor, but 
is driven from term to term by the importunity of Patrick Barne- 
wall, the King's Serjeant. His consanguinity with the Judges. 
Sir John Spelman drew out a book according to the truth and the 
whole truth of all the circumstances, and set his hand to it. Justice 
Luttrell is corrupt. 

47. Nicholas Comyn, Bishop of Waterford, and Wm. Walsh to 
same. About certain lands and tenements at Youghal, in dis- 
pute between David Shyoghan, Crumwell's servant, and Alex- 
ander Gough, priest, which upon trial they had awarded to Gough. 

Crumwell to the High Commissioners Sentleger, &c. " Answer 
to their dispatch of November 15." [See 1537, Oct. 6, No. 27.] 

48. C. Lord of Howth to Crumwell. Sends a cast of falcons. 
Prays for letters in favour of his suits to the Lord Chancellor and 
the Master of the Rolls. 

49. Crumwell to Gray. " O'Conor." 

50. Deputy and Council and Terence O'Toole. " Submission for 
three years." 

51. Letter from the High Commissioners to Lord James Fitz 
John of Desmond. To lose no time in forwarding the proofs of his 
claim to the Earldom of Desmond ; and to let them know how he 
intends to employ the 300 men he has requested to reduce Munster 
to obedience. 



Dec. 28. 

Dec. 30. 


Dec. 31. 


Dec. 31. 


Dec. 31. 


VOL. V. 

52. Draft of the form of an indenture, granting lease for 21 years 
of lands in the County of Meath, with condition to use the English 
laws and language, and to have no connection with the rebel Irish. 

53. Brabazon to Crumwell. " Commissioner's survey. O'Conor's 
success in Offaley, and concord with Cahir O'Conor. Grant to 
Brabazon. Parliament. Desmond. Gerald Fitzgerald/' Incloses, 

53. I. Schedule of the Acts passed in the first, second, and third 
Sessions of the Parliament in Ireland, 28 and 29 Hen. VIII. 

54. Gray to the King. Account of his proceedings against Brian 
O'Conor. O'Conor made an offer to submit, but he was dissuaded 
to come to the Lord Deputy by his brother Cahir. 

55. Gray to Crumwell. " Hostings against O'Conor. Submission 
of O'Molmoy. Cahir O'Conor has joined his brother. Gray asks 
leave of absence. Wants artillery." 

56. Thomas Agard to same. " The Commissioners have visited 
Meath, Louth, and Dublin. O'Conor." 

57. Proclamation for settling the currency in Ireland, by assimi- 
lating it to the same value as the coin in England. 

58. Account of the lands of the late Earl of Kildare, forfeited to 
the King for high treason ; 894/. lls. 7f d. per annum. 

59. Pay of the garrison of the King's castle of Dublin. 

60. Notes, in the handwriting of Mr. Secretary Wriothesley, re- 
lative to the revenue and military expenditure of Ireland. 

61. Act for the First Fruits of Abbeys, Priories, and Colleges, 
28 Hen. VIII. cap. 26. 

62. Bill of an Act to be passed by the Parliament of Ireland, 
entitled " An Act for the release of such as have obtained pretended 
licences and dispensations from the see of Rome." [Prob. 1537. 
See the "Act of Faculties," which is somewhat similar in its effect, 
28 Hen. VIII. cap. 19.] 

Jan. 2. 



1. High Commissioners Sentleger, &c. to Crumwell. " Have 
finished their survey. Parliament dissolved. O'Conor. Desmond. 
Courts for Kilkenny, Tipperary, and Waterford. The Vice Trea- 
surer's accounts." Inclose, 

1. i. Schedule of the Acts passed in the first, second, and third 
Sessions of the Parliament. 

1. ii. Statute o/16 Edw. IV. specifying the qualifications requi- 
site for members of the Commons, and enacting that all Lords of 
Parliament shall sit in their robes. 




Jan. 2. 

Jan. 14, 


Jan. 17. 



Jan. 19. 


Jan. 23. 


Jan. 24. 


Jan. 29. 


Feb. 4. 


Feb. 10. 


Feb. 1]. 


Feb. 13. 


Feb. 16. 




2. Another copy of the preceding letter and inclosure. 

3. " O'More's submission." 

The King to Sentleger, &c. " Thanks them for their services. 
Gives them a discretion as to their return. Aylmer and J. Alen to 
accompany them." [See 1537, Oct. 6, Vol. v. No. 27.] 

4. The same to the Spiritual Lords, 
of one-twentieth/' 

" Thanks them for the grant 
The Priory of Christchurch to be con- 

5. Gray to Crumwell. 
verted into a Deanery." 

6. Mayor and Aldermen of Dublin to same. " On the same 

7. Francis Harbart to Duke of Norfolk. A truce for 15 days with 
O'Conor and his brother Cahir O'Conor. The last hosting that my 
Lord Deputy made punished O'Conor sorely. If my Lord of 
Ormond and my Lord Butler would join their best endeavours with 
the Lord Deputy, they might soon banish the O'Conors out of their 
country. Wishes that Englishmen were planted in O'Conor's 
country, which is the only way to bring the wars with the Irish to 
an end, which wars do but spend the King's treasure. Harbart 's 
service has saved to the King 10,OOOZ. His farm of Portlester. 
Recommends the bearer Barnardyng, Gunner, [prob. Bernerdine 
de Valoys]. 

8. William Brabazon to Crumwell. Recommends the painful, dili- 
gent, and daily service of John Peppes, under Wm. Berners in the 

9. Richard Whytte to same. Asserts his loyalty. Begs that 
he may come before him to prefer charges against Stephen Ap 
Harry [A Pary], by whose means he is in the castle of Dublin in 

10. Sentleger to Wriothesley. " Death of Lord Delvin." 

11. High Commissioners to same. "Vice Treasurer's account. 
James Fitz John of Desmond. Their return." 

, 12. Sentleger to same. "Rumour of Desmond's death." 

13. William Brabazon to Crumwell. In favour of the bearer 
Hugh Aimer, who has served in the army, and is one of the retinue 
of the Lord Deputy. 

14. Remembrances for Mr. Wriothesley, for the matters of Ire- 
land, for the despatch of the High Commissioners. 

15. Book addressed to the High Commissioners: The writer is 
no man of war, but has been in many journies upon the King's 
enemies for these eight years past. More abuses in the now Lord 
Deputy than in most of the residue of the King's officers. The Com- 




March 3. 

March 4. 

March 4. 
March 8. 


March 9. 


March 9. 


March 9. 

March 9. 

March 11. 

March 12. 



missioners to examine the causes of the grudge between the Lord 
Deputy and the Earl of Ossory and his son before their departure. 
Order to be taken for the sure keeping of the King's records, for as 
they be handled now it is pity to see them. They should be 
delivered by indenture to a keeper. Any person who would make 
search, to pay both for the search and for the copy of the record. 
Likewise order for the building of the Castle Hall, where the law is 
kept, for if the same be not builded, the majesty and estimation of 
the law shall perish, the Justices being enforced to minister the laws 
upon hills, as it were Brehons or wild Irishmen. O'Reilly's fine of 
the thousand kine would build it, and amend the gaol of Trim. 

16. Piers Earl of Ossory to the High Commissioners. Detailing 
his exertions in reducing various chieftains to obedience. 

17. James Lord Butler Viscount Thurles to the same. "O'Conor. 
The Kavanaghs." 

Copy of the above. [See March 3, No. 16.] 

18. High Commissioners Sentleger, &c. to Crumwell. "O'Conor 
has submitted. James of Desmond has delivered his son." 

19. J. Alen to same. " Poulet's slander of Crumwell." 

20. Mr. Robert Cowley to same. Relative to slanderous words 
spoken of his Lordship by Mr. Poulet. Exertions of the Lord Deputy 
and Lord Butler to reduce O'Conor. 

21. Interrogatories relative to scandalous words spoken by Mr. 
George Poulet or any others, respecting the Lord Privy Seal Crum- 
well, and particularly that the King used frequently to call him 
Knave, and beat him about the head in the Council Chamber, 

22. 23, 24. Answers of John Alen, Master of the Rolls, the Lord 
Chief Justice Aylmer, and Mr. William Berners, to the preceding 
interrogatories, [Three papers.] 

25. Gray to Crumwell. " Submission of O'Conor." Incloses, 

25. I. Manner and form of the Parliament between the Lord 
Deputy and O'Conor, held in the open fields in Offaly, wherein the 
latter promises to come to Dublin, and submit himself to the King's 
mercy. March 2, Offaly. 

25. II. Submission of Brian O'Conor, Lord of Offaly, before the 
Lord Deputy, the High Commissioners, and the Council of Ireland. 
March 6, Dublin. 

26. Copy of the above submission, and translation of the same. 

27. Ormond to Sentleger. " Advises how the Lord Deputy should 



r VOL. vi. 

l ^^S 
March' 16. 28. Edward Staples Bishop of Meath to Crumwell. Expresses 

Dublin. his willingness to serve the King, as well in the Parliament as in 
other places. Sends a small present. Desires him to send the obli- 
gation for 201., which he [the Bishop] had borrowed, and he would 
pay the money to Mr. Treasurer. 

March 17. 29. Lord Deputy Gray to the King. Attack on a strong castle 
Dublin. belonging to Cahir O'Conor. Narrow escape of Cahir in the 
assault. He surrendered next day, and made submission. Entreats 
the King to be good to his poor nephew [Dudley] the bearer. 

March 17- 30. Same to Crutnwell. " Cahir O'Conor has surrendered and 
Dublin. submitted. Asks leave to return to England." Incloses, 

30. i. Submission of Cahir O'Conor before the Lord Deputy, the 
High Commissioners, and the Privy Council of Ireland. March 6, 

March 20. 

March 27. 


March 28. 

March 31. 

April 1. 

April 4. 


April 5. 


April 5. 

31. Francis Harbart to Crumwell. This poor land was not these 
20 years in better unity and peace. The Lord Deputy has made 
peace with O'Conor and his brethren. The Commissioners are 
making ready to return, and with them Justice Aylmer and the 
Master of the Rolls. The Commissioners have used themselves " lyke 
as vys men as ewer I sawe here." Has taken in farm the manor of 
Portlester, which was the Earl of Kildare's. 

32. Earl of Ormond and Ossory to the King. Has consulted with 
the High Commissioners, and drawn up a series of orders and consti- 
tutions to extirp the enormities and abuses accustomed in the 
Counties of Kilkenny, Waterford, and Tipperary, and to plant good 

33. James White to Crumwell. " Waterford, Kilkenny, and 
Tipperary in a good state. A friar preaches againt the dissolution. 
Gray has alienated the affections of faithful subjects." 

34. Lord Butler to the King. " Applauds the preaching of the 
Word of God. Praises the Archbishop of Dublin." 

35. "The Form of the Beads." 

36. Copy of the above form. 

37. Gray to Crumwell. " The High Commissioners are on the 
point of departure. Have done well. O'Conor wishes to take 
Offaley of the King." 

38. Thomas Agard to same. "Enumerates Brabazon's merits. 
Aylmer, J. Alen, R. Cowley, and Cusake accompany the Commis- 
sioners. The characters of the latter." 

39. Same to same. " Those in authority all adhere to the Pope, 
except Archbishop Browne, Lord Butler, J. Alen, and Brabazon." 

40. Patrick Barnewall, of Fieldston, to same. "Praises the 
Commissioners and Brabazon. Acts of Parliament. Inn of Chancery. 
Leases. Attorney General, and Prime Serjeant." 



April 5. 


April 14. 

April 15. 

April 15. 

April 15. 


April 20. 


April 24. 


April 26. 

April 26. 


41. Patrick Barnewall, of Fieldston, to Wriothesley. Thanks for 
his goodness to him. The High Commissioners may declare the state 
of Ireland ; they are substantial and politic men. They have taken 
great pains with the Treasurer's account and the making of the 
extent. He was inforced to pay 200?. for one of the King's wards. 
Some go about to avoid a certain lease, that he has, of the late 
house of Cartmel in Lancashire for 35 years. The Treasurer has 
proved himself a true man to his Master. Sends a blue Galway 
" mantyll " as a present. 

42. Edward Basnet, Dean of St. Patrick's, to Crumwell. Thanks 
for his favour in promoting him to the Deanery. Complains that 
the Archbishop of Dublin would not confirm his election without a 
payment of 200Z. 

43. Gray to the King. " Has cut passes towards Offaley. Has 
made a journey into Ferney, and taken booty. Wishes to go to 

44. Same to Crumwell. On the same subject. 

45. Geo. Browne, Archbishop of Dublin, to J. Alen, Master of the 
Rolls. " Complains of the Bishop of Meath's sermons. Insinuates 
Gray's connivance." 

46. John Alen to Wriothesley. Thanks him for the letters of 
Crumwell, dated Feb 24. Crumwell has been very evil informed 
of him without good cause. Sends " nine marterne skynnes " by 
Mr. Dudley. Commendations to Mr. Godsalve. [Mr. Dudley was 
Gray's nephew, and the bearer of Gray's letters of March 17.] 

47. Vice Treasurer Brabazon to Crumwell. Thanks him for 
obtaining the farm of Duleek. Crumwell to detain out of the next 
treasure GQl. sterling for his good will in the preferment of Sir 
Edward Basnet to the room of Dean of St. Patrick's. Has set good 
spials about William Dormor, who has neither money nor jewels. 
Has always practised the utmost frugality in the management of the 
revenues. At his coming, he " had neither scrip ne scrowe ner no 
pece of a rentall." His suit with Mr. Hastings about a title of land. 
Prays Crumwell to be good to the Chief Justice, who is a right honest 
and substantial man. 

48. Matthew King to same. " Gray invades Ferney. O'Conor 
obedient. Cahir O'Conor afraid of his brother." 

49. William Wyse of Waterford to same. Sends by his son, 
Henry Wyse, a letter, containing intelligence of a seditious tendency, 
that he had taken from the parish clerk of St. John's, who had it 
from a monk of Bath, called Brystow. Incloses, 

49. i. Alexander Brystow to Edmund Walshe,at Waterford. Has 
received his letter with a saffron purse. Sends him half a pound 
of leek-seed for which he paid eightpence. Jieproves him for babbling 
about a letter of news he had written to him, and desires it may be 
returned. Feb. 28. 




April 27. 

April 30. 


May- 9. 


May 13. 

May 19. 


May 20. 

May 21. 



50. Matthew Kyng to "Wriothesley. Arrived April 24. The 
Lord Deputy at Drogheda, in a readiness to go in hosting into the 
country of Fernej^. O'Conor is now likely to do well. He has been 
all this Easter with the LordDeputy at Maynooth. Cahir O'Conor 
is now in Dublin. Desires the office of Carlingford jointly with 
Martin Pellys. Has done nothing with Sir John Rawson, Prior of 
Kilmainham. Has bespoken the blankets for Wriothesley, but it 
will be midsummer before he can have them done. 

51. W. Brabazon to Crumwell. "James of Desmond has besieged 
Carrickogonel. Sermons of the Archbishop and Bishop of Meath. 
Asks payment of the balance of his account/' 

52. Narrative of the treachery of Finnin O'Driscol, Conochor his 
son, and Gilly Duff his base son, in seizing on a ship of Waterford, 
which they had succoured in distress off Innishircan ; with the re- 
venge of the Waterfordians. 

53. Book by Robert Cowley : The state of the realm of Ireland. 
PheKm Bacagli O'Neill, Lord of Claneboy, as great a man of strength 
as O'Neill. M' Willie [M'Quillin] a Welshman of the English conquest. 
M'Davy a Welshman, and clivers gentlemen of the English race, 
rebellious in Connaught. M'Murrough, who calleth himself Prince 
of Leinster. O'Brien, beyond the Shannon, hath the hardiest band 
of men in Ireland. Investigation of the disaffection and disobe- 
dience of Ireland. The greatness and perverseness of Kildare. 
[Copy. This paper ^oas among the MSS. of Dr. Meredith Haunter, 
and is probably in the handwriting of Thady Dowling, the Irish 

54. Wm. Dormor to Crumwell. To write another letter to the 
Council in his favour, for the office of Serjeant of the County of 
Kildare. [The Commissioners were directed to appoint Mr. Aylmer, 
Chief Serjeant of Kildare, 1537, Aug. 25. See also Coivley's letter, 

55. Indictment against Peter Fitzgerald, late of the Great Grange, 
by Clon curry, in Kildare, Maurice Bacagh Fitzgerald, Edmund 
Asbold, of Maynooth, servant of Lord Leonard Gray, and James 
Fitzgerald, of Ballysonan, for instigating Kedagh O'More of Strad- 
bally, Shane M'Coyn of Kildare, and Neale O'Lalor of Disart, gent., 
to steal cows and horses from the Earl of Ormond and Alexander Fitz 
Turlough, of the Great Grange. Stephen Ap Harry of Rathangan, 
gent., received ten cows from the aforesaid Kedagh, for comfort and 
favour. Latin. 

56. Gray to the King. " Has made terms with O'Neill. O'Reilly 

57. George Browne, Archbishop of Dublin, to Crumwell. "Gray 
has released a man the Archbishop had imprisoned. Complains of 
Gray, Staples, and Rawson." 

58. Same to same. " Suppression of religious houses. His debt 
to Lord Rochford. Rumour of Crumwell's death/' 



May 22. 

May 25. 




59. Wm. Sayntloo to Crumwell. Prays that certain wages for a 
constable and certain soldiers for the custody of the castle of Ros- 
carlon may be continued. 

60. Thomas Fynglas to same. Informing him of a practice of 
the Abbots and Priors to grant long leases of the Abbey lands, in ex- 
pectation that their houses would be suppressed. The Lord Deputy 
has obtained a lease of the lands of the Abbey of St. Mary, near 
Dublin, besides many others, for his own benefit. 

61. W. Cowley to same. " Dissension in the Council. Howth. 
Bath. Gerald M'Gerald. Golding. John Field. Ormond. Butler. 
O'Neill. O'Donnell." 

62. A device to deceive the rebels and apprehend young Fitzgerald. 

June 4. 


June 5. 


June 6. 

June 10. 


June 10. 

June 20. 



1. Gray to the King. "Parley and agreement with O'Carroll. 
O'Toole has entrapped and slain Kelway, the Constable of Rathmore. 
Asks leave of absence. Has practised with William Wyse to persuade 
James of Desmond to repair to Court, and to catch Gerald Fitzgerald. 
Wants artillery." 

2. Thomas Luttrell to Aylmer. " Marriage of Lady Eleanor Fitz- 
gerald. Gerald Fitzgerald has gone with her into Ulster. O'Toole. 
O'Reilly. O'More. Ormond." 

3. Ormond to R. Cowley. " Complaints against Gray." 

4. William Brabazon to Crumwell. Recommends Martin Pellys 
to be appointed to the farm of Rathmore, vacant by the death of 
John Kelway, lately slain by the Tooles. 

5. The Council of Ireland to same. "Peace with the 
M'Mahons of Ferney. Dispute with O'Reilly. O'More's dissensions. 
Ormond, O'Toole. O'Dormell's marriage. O'Carroll's death." 

6. Edward Staples Bishop of Meath to same. The Lord Deputy 
and Council have committed the examination of his late sermon 
made at Kilmainham to the Prior of Christchurch, the Chanter of 
St. Patrick's, and Nicholas Stanihurst. The Archbishop of Dublin 
of malice and disdain has accused him. 

7. George Browne, Archbishop of Dublin, to same. " Destruc- 
tion of images. Gray has gone to maintain O'Carroll." 

8. Aylmer and Alen's articles of accusation against Lord Leon. 
Gray : " Combination with Poulet and the Geraldines. Hosting 
against O'Conor. Taking horses, &c. of Lord Delvin and others, and 
giving them to their Irish enemies. Not restoring them when 
ordered. Frightening Cahir O'Conor into a peace with his brother. 
Lying in ambush for O'Conor when upon safe conduct. Imprison- 
ment of O'More. Not taking Gerald Fitzgerald. Receiving fines to 




1 OQ 

excuse persons from hosting against O'Brien. Suffering Niall More 
O'Neill, when upon safe conduct, to be wounded. Making roads 
during peace into Ferney and on O'Reilly. Invading O'Byrne when 
under tine. Spoiling the rhymers, and Brian M'Mahon and Cahir 
Modder O'Reilly. Letting Cahir M'Arte Kavanagh, and Theobald 
Fitz Piers, a Geraldine, escape. Assessing the country for his pro- 
visions. Taking coin and livery. Not punishing malefactors. Not 
keeping a sufficient household. Not restoring the hosting money- 
unapplied. Pressing horses and carriages/' 

June. 9. Original duplicate of the preceding document. 

June 25. 10. Ormond to the Council of Ireland. "Gerald Fitzgerald and 
Kilkenny. Lady Eleanor have gone through Desmond and Clanricard to 

O'Donnell. Remonstrates against Gray 'staking Birr and Modreeny. 

O'Carroll has married himself to O'Brien's daughter, and his sister to 

James of Desmond/' 

June. 11. Articles of complaint exhibited by the Earl of Ormond against 

the Lord Deputy Gray. 

June. 12. Articles of accusation of the Chieftain O'More against the 

Lord Deputy. Has been grievously entreated. 

June 27. 13. Gerald Aylmer, Justice, and John Alen to Crumwell. There 
Chester. has been no wind to pass into Ireland for a month. Desire Crum- 
well to be good to the bearers, agents for the City of Dublin, which 
does more service than all the other cities of Ireland. Good acquittal 
of the citizens against the traitor Thomas Fitzgerald. 

June 27. 1 4. Aylmer and Alen to Sentleger. " Imprudence of Gray in going 
Chester. with a small retinue to parley with O'Brien, &c. Dissension between 
him and Ormond. Suppression of the abbeys." 

[June 29.] 15. Stephen ap Harry to Crumwell. Expedition of the Lord 
Limerick. Deputy into O'Carroll's country. Submission of O'Carroll, Dermod 
O'Kennedy, Mac O'Brien Arra, Dermot O'Mulryan, and Tibbot 
O'Burke. James of Desmond commanded to cast down the strong 
castles built on O'Brien's Bridge. Donough O'Brien has promised 
to put in his pledge. Edmund Sexten has parleyed with the great 

June 29. 16. Copy of the above. 

June. 17. Charges against the Lord Deputy Gray Rumour that the 

Lord Leonard Gray, now Deputy, and John Alen, Master of the 
Rolls, are sworn brethren. 

July 14 18. Stephen Ap Harry to Crumwell. His servant Thomas Stephens. 

Gal-way. Operations of the army against Murrough O'Brien. Capture of 

several castles. James of Desmond. Submission of O'Flaherty, 

Hugh O'Madden, Managhlyn [Mac Loughlin] O'Madden, and Thomas 


July 16 19. Ormond to R. and W. Cowley. "A present of hawks for 
Caiian. Crumwell. Meeting between Gray and James of Desmond. Gray 




July 18. 

July 20. 

July 24. 


July 25. 

July 26. 

July 26. 


July 26. 


July 27. 



is gone with O'Brien and Desmond to invade Murrough O'Brien, and 
is going with Clanricard against M' William. Sir John Seyntloe. 
Assault on Cahir McCarthy's men. Fear of the Kavanaghs' design 
to lay siege to the castle of Femes. O'More. Modreeny taken." 

Thanks him for putting forth 

20. John Prowd to Wriothesley. 
his bill for the office of Carlingford. 

21. Ormond to R. Cowley. " Reconciliation between O'Donnell and 
O'Conor of Connaught, in support of Gerald Fitzgerald. Messengers 
sent from Gerald for aid from Scotland. Gray's movements will 
encourage them. Birr and Modreeny delivered to O'Carroll. Mis- 
understanding between Gray and Desmond compromised. Gray's 
breach of promise to Donough O'Brien. Gray occupied for his own 
lucre, without advice of the Council. Delivered Clare Castle to 
Ulick Burke for money. Strengthens James of Desmond." 

22. Brabazon, Aylmer, and J. Alen to CrumwelL "Gray in 
Galway. His intention unknown to the Council. A hosting pre- 
pared against O'Toole. Gray promised to return, but failed to 
come. Gray under the guidance of O'Carroll, O'Conor, and the 
Geraldines. Breach widened between Gray and Ormond, but they 
hope to heal it. Confederation between O'Neill and O'Donnell in 
favour of Gerald Fitzgerald. Aid from Scotland." 

23. Thomas Agard to same. The Lord Deputy has gone on 
an expedition, and taken all the King's ordnance out of Dublin 
Castle, and only 100 Englishmen or few more with him. Ferdinando 
O'Carroll made chief of O'Carroll's country. He favours the Geral- 
dines on every occasion, and has connived at the escape of young 
Fitzgerald. Mr. Agard laments the dissensions between the Lord 
Deputy and the Butlers, who are the most faithful subjects the 
King has in Ireland. Desires the seneschalship of Wexford, which 
W. Sayntloo has. 

24. Gray to the King. " Gives a minute description of his 
expedition to Offaley, Ely O'Carroll, Ormond, Arra, Owney, Limerick, 
Thomond, Clanricard, Galway, &c. Many chiefs submit." 

25. Gray to Crumwell. On the same subject as the above. 

26. Sir Richard Gresham to same. The merchants of Dublin 
refuse to allow the merchants of London to trade into Dublin. 
Beseeches him to call the Recorder of Dublin, and others now 
attending in London, and to take order with them for the citizens of 
London to enjoy liberties in Dublin. Incloses, 

26. i. Willian Lye and Thomas Crocker to the Lord Mayor and 
Aldermen of London. Complain that the Mayor and citizens of 
Dublin will not suffer them to buy nor sell with any man within 
their liberties. June 17, Dublin. 

27. G. Browne Archbishop of Dublin to Crumwell. Requesting that 
he would direct the Bishop of Meath to produce a certain letter 
which contained calumnious and unfounded assertions against him. 


1538. - VIL 

August 5. 28. R. Cowley to Crumwell. " Suggests points on which a mes- 
London. senger from Ireland should be examined as to Gray's conduct. 
Death of Lord Chancellor Trymleteston. J. Alen recommended as 
his successor." 

August 10. 29. Thomas Alen to Wriothesley. The Master of the Kolls is now 

Dublin. with the Lord Deputy at Maynooth. The Lord Treasurer is detained 

by reason of war made upon him by James, pretended Earl of 

Desmond and O'Carroll. Mr. Treasurer, the Justice, and the Master 

of the Rolls have brought the country into good quietness. 

August 10. 30. Same to Sentleger. Wishes he might once again see him 
Dublin. i n Ireland. Trusts that at the coming of the Lord Treasurer, 
both the Lord Deputy, the Earl of Ormond, and he shall be agreed, 
and all displeasures set apart. Death of the Lord Chancellor 
Trymleteston [John Barnewall]. The Seal committed to the custody 
of the Master of the Rolls [Alen]. The Chancellor's fee is too small. 
Marvels that Mr. Cusake procured Mr. Poulet [at Chester] to write 
to the Lord Deputy that the said Cusake would do no hurt against 
him the Deputy. 

August 10. 31. Same to R. Cowley. "Ormond at war with Desmond 

Dublin. an( i O'Carroll. Death of Trymleteston. If John Alen succeeds, 

R. Cowley will be Master of the Rolls. Commends Brabazon, Aylmer, 

and J. Alen. Prospect of reconciliation between Gray and Ormond." 

August 15. 32. Walter Cowley to Mr. Wriothesley. For letters to be directed 
London. to the Master of the Rolls, Mr. Treasurer, and the Chief Justice, to 
examine indifferently the truth in a cause wherein a friend of 
Cowley's is defendant, and the plaintiff is much maintained by the 
greatest possessioners in Wexford. Prays for a hasty despatch for 
his father, Mr. Cusake, and himself. 

August 15. 33. William Sayntloo to Crumwell. Complains of being vexed in. 
Eoscarlon. the office of seneschal of Wexford by the Lord Chancellor. His 
soldiers to be paid their wages, being in arrear since the preceding 

August 21. 34. [Deputy and] Council to the King. " Suspect the amitv of 
Dublin. O'Neill and O'Donnell. Pledges received of other chiefs. Want 
artillery. Vacancy of Great Seal/'' 

August 22. 35. Brabazon, Aylmer, and Alen to the same. The Geraldine 
Dublin. band exalted. The late Earl of Kildare's son, called young Gerald, 
is with O'Neill. O'Donnell seeks the favour of the King of Scots. 

August 22. 36. Brabazon, Aylmer, and Alen to Crumwell. " Settlement of 
Dublin. Gray's differences with Ormond and Butler. Their opinion of Gray's 
recent expedition. The state of Ireland. Rathmore Castle. O'Conor. 
O'More. M'Gilpatrick. Cahir O'Conor." Inclose, 

36. i. Order of the Council of Ireland, for reconciling the Lord 
Deputy with the Earl of Ormond, Lord Butler, and others. 
August 20, Lublin. 


1538. VOL ' VIL 

36. IT. Book of the articles of accusation made, by Gray against 
the Earl of Ormond and his sons. August 22. 

36. in. Articles of accusation by Ormond against Gray. Op- 
pressive and tyrannical conduct of the Lord Deputy. August 22. 

August 23. 37. John Alen to Wriothesley. " Sends him a present. Has no 
Dublin. wish for the Great Seal, but, if appointed, will execute the office 
as well as he can." 

August 24. 38. " O'More's further submission." 

August 24. 39. Brabazon, &c., to Crumwell. " The differences between Gray 
Dublin. and Ormond. Artillery." Inclose, 

39. i. Boole of the detections and " accusaments" against the Earl 
of Ormond and his son James Lord Butler. Aug. 23. [This con- 
tains the confession of Gahir 0' Conor, the examination of Thomas 
Albenagh, of Nov. 25, 1537, and the articles printed in State 
Papers, Vol. iii. p. 90, note.] 

39. ii. Confession of the Viscount Gormanstown, JohnDarcy, and 
William Bermingham, concerning the effects of the Lord Deputy's 
proceedings in his journey into Nunster, Thomond, and Con- 

39. in. Ordnance, artillery, and habiliments of war in Dublin 
Castle, delivered by indenture by Bernardine de Valoys to Thomas 
Cantrell. Aug. 3. 

39. IV. Proportion of munition needful. 

August 26. 40. Ormond to Crumwell. " Professes his obedience to the King." 

August 26. 41. Lord Butler to same. " Character of Gray. Image worship. 
Gawron. State of Ireland. Great Seal." 

August 29. 42. Gray to same. " Will keep his promises towards Ormond. 
Maynooth. Wants to visit England. O'Donnell." Incloses, 

42. i. O'Donnell to the Lord Deputy and Council. Assuring them 
of his loyalty to the King, and requesting that he may have " a 
great gunne " sent to him, with which he could do the King good 
service, and keep under the disaffected in his country. July 15, 

August 30. 43. Martin Pellys to Crumwell. Hears that the Master of the 

Chester. Rolls labours for Thomas Alen, his brother, to have Rathmore in 

Ferney. Requests to have Rathmore himself, if he may not have 

Carlingford to farm. Desires the profits of Carlingford and Green 

Castle since the time he had the gift thereof until Michaelmas next. 

August. 44. The device of Robert Cowley, for the reformation of Ire- 
land and improvement of the revenue there ; addressed to Lord 

August. 45. Duplicate of the preceding device. 



Sept. 27. 



46. Edward Staples, Bishop of Meath, to Cnuuwell. Sends him 
a goshawk. Has repaid the 20. borrowed of him to Mr. Treasurer 
Prays Crumwell to send to him his writing obligatory for the same. 

47. William Sayntloo, Seneschal of Wexford, to Sir Win. Kingston, 
the King's Vice Chamberlain. The Lord Deputy has made a road on 
M'Murrough and his followers, who have submitted and promised 
to keep good peace. 800 horse and foot were furnished by Wexford 
to the expedition. 

48. The Lord James Butler's information against the Lord Deputy 
Leonard Gray. Gray's coarse language and violent conduct to 
several of the Council. 

49. Lord Deputy Gray and Council to the King. " Hosting 
against M'Murrough and the Kavanaghs ; their submission. Ireland 
more peaceable than for many years. Dublin desires to be dis- 
charged of hostings and journies. Pay of the army." 

50. T. Alen to Crumwell. " Peace has made men resort to the law. 
Rumour that Sentleger shall be Deputy, and Moyle Chancellor. Gray 
seeks to bring in young Fitzgerald. Image worship. Gray gone to 
repel the Scots from Lecale." 

51. Brabazon to same. Understands that complaints have been 
made against the bearer, who is an honest and discreet young man. 
Desires Crumwell to be his good Lord. 

52. William Stacboll [the Lord Butler's Chaplain,] to same. 
Mr. Wriothesley having departed beyond the sea on the King's 
business, he writes directly to Crumwell to have the Deanery of 
Cashel at its next becoming void. 

53. George Browne Archbishop of Dublin to same. " Rome 
runners. Great Seal. A Bishop and friar indicted for praemunire." 

54. Nicholas Comyn, Bishop of Waterford, to same. Offers to 
surrender certain livelihoods and manors adjoining to the Western 
Geraldines, in which the King might place discreet Captains and 
subdue the protervity [rudeness] as well of the Lord Barry and 
Lord Roche as of Gerald Fitz John and Gerald of Desmond's sons. 
Begs that in return the King will assign him a competent living of 
the spiritualities of monasteries that he shall suppress. The bearer, 
Wm. Sayntloo, has done faithful service. 

Nov. 12. 55. Lord Deputy Gray to same. The bearer, William Sayntloo, 
Seneschal of Wexford, will declare the quiet state of the country, 

Nov. 28. 56. The Council of Ireland to same. " Doubt the continuance 
Dublin. O f peace. James Fitz John, of Desmond, has acquired great strength. 
Advise that James Fitzmaurice should be sent over. Suspect 
O'Neill. City of Limerick." 

Sept. 30. 


Oct. 1. 

Oct. 8. 


Oct. 20. 


Oct. 20. 


Nov. 6. 


Nov. 12? 




1538. OL - VIL 

Nov. 29. 57. Jolm Alen, Lord Chancellor, to Crumwell. The Lord Mont- 
Dublin, gomery has brought letters to Alexander Carragh M'Donnell, and has 
taken him and young Gerald, the late Earl of Kildare's son, over into 
Scotland. Expectation that the King of Scots will furnish the said 
Alexander and Gerald to subdue Ireland. The King of Scots sends 
divers tokens to O'Donnell. Kecommends Crumwell to continue his 
favour to Sir John Rawson, the old Prior of Kilmainham. Thanks 
for his promotion to the place of Chancellor. Insufficiency of 100 
marks a year to maintain such an office. 

Dec. 10. 58. Memorial of the consultations of the Council upon CrumwelTs 
Dublin. letters as to the measures expedient for Ireland, to be expressed to 
the Lord Deputy Gray by Chancellor Alen. 

Dec. 12. 59. Council of Ireland to Crumwell. " No dissension in the Council. 
Dublin. Fitzgerald said to be fled to Scotland. Limerick." 

60. Remembrances for Gray, to be submitted to Crumwell : Prays 
that the King would name a day for him to come, for a short time, to 
England, which is the thing he desires most in the world. Asks 
Crumwell to write again to the High Commissioners as to his having 
leases of Tristernagh, Mullingar, and Louth. He desires the House 
of Clonard, which borders near O'Conor, and is a very necessary 
placa for the King's Deputy now and then to lie. His Secretary, 
GeorgeBarret, to be Clerk of the Council now Alen is made Chancellor. 

VOL. VIII. 1539. 


Jan. 18. 1. Council of Ireland to Crumwell. "Have been to Carlo w, 

Clonmel. Kilkenny, Ross, Wexford, Waterford, and Clonmel. The King's 

translation of the Pater Noster, Ave Maria, and Articles of Faith. 

Held sessions. W. Sayntloo, Seneschal of Wexford. The King's- 

supremacy. State of the counties above the Barrow." 

Jan. 18. 2. Abstract of the preceding letter. 

Feb. 4. 


Feb. 8. 


Feb. 16. 


3. James Sherlok to Crumwell. Survey of Wexford by the Lo'rd 
Chancellor and others ; the King's revenues there amount to 220/. 
yearly ; deductions therefrom. Complains against Jerberd, Deputy 
of Wm. Sayntloo in the seneschalcy, and the ill conduct of the 

4. Council of Ireland to same. " Desmond and his kinsman will 
not come to them. Sir Thomas Butler is obedient. Eight Bishops 
have taken the oaths of succession and supremacy. Difficulty of 
raising a subsidy in Wexford, Waterford, Kilkenny, and Tipperary." 

5. Same to same. "Vindication of Chancellor Alen against the 
charges of Gray." 



Feb. 16. 


Feb. 18. 


Feb. 18. 

Feb. 28. 


March 3. 

March 3. 

March 12. 

The Caghir. 

April 21. 

April 27. 

May 9. 



6. Archhishop Browne to Crumwell. " Gray has usurped his 
palace. Praises the Chancellor. Is overrun by the Tooles. Nangle 
Bishop of Clonfert. Gray has deposed a Bishop and put in a friar." 

7. Walter Cowley to same. Has arrived at Chester with the 
treasure for Ireland. Progress of the Lord Deputy against O'Neill, 
who had left his house only two hours before the Lord Deputy came. 
He brought away O'Neill's victual and housewife with him, and 
burned the country. O'Conor and others of the Irishry stand in 
great dread to be conquered, and sue for peace. Nicholas Pentney, 
merchant of Dublin, an honest man. 

8. Same to same. That Richard Aylmer may be continued 
in the office of bailiff of Kildare. Prays that Matthew King's 
suit for William Dormor to have the same may not take effect. 

9. Mayor and Commons of Limerick to the Earl of Ormond. Com- 
plain of the conduct of the garrison which Donough O'Brien has in 
Carrickogonel ; they plunder the neighbouring country. 

10. James Fits John of Desmond to Sexten. "Will fulfill all 
promises made for him by Sexten." 

11. Same to the King. " Petitions to be recognised as Earl of 

Sir Thomas Butler to the Council of Ireland. Prays they will 
use their influence with the Earl of Ormond, his father, and with the 
Treasurer [Lord James Butler], his brother-in-law, that he may not 
be extremely handled nor his lands plundered by the officers of 
the liberty of Tipperary. [See 1539, Feb. 28, above, No. 9.] 

12. Win. Sayntloo to Crumwell. True service of the Lord 
Deputy. The wages of the horsemen but 8 marks, and of the foot- 
men 4 marks by the year, which is the utter destruction of poor 
Captains. The Kavanaghs daily burn and destroy Wexford, and 
have wasted the Carrick within these three days. In the Fasagh of 
Bantry they divide the poor men's goods. Requests that the priory 
of Selsker may be conferred on him in reward of his services. 

13. Gerot Flemyng to same. His desire to be Crumwell's 
servant, and to see the King's most excellent Highness and my Lord 
Prince. Cannot at this time travel into England, because the 
country in his neighbourhood is in no certain stay, and in especial 
the Neills. His service in the last invasion of O'Neill. Has no land 
to maintain the horsemen and kerne that he has, to do the King 
service. Sends as a token the horse that O'Donnell's standard-bearer 
rode on the day of O'Neill's discomfiture. 

14. Gray to the King "Appointment with O'Neill and O'Donnell. 
They fail to come. Has made peace with O'Neill. George Poulet's 
slander against Crumwell. Applies again for leave to visit 



1539. VOL ' VIIL 

May 12. 15. J. Alen to Crumwell. "O'Neill and O'Donnell want to force 
Dublin. young Fitzgerald on the King. Rumour of Gray's recall. Com- 
mission for the suppression of abbeys." 

-May 20. 


16. The Council to same. The Archbishop of Cashel and Walter 
Cowley have examined the accusations of the citizens of Limerick 
against Edmund Sexten. 

[May 20.] 17. Mayor and Commons of Limerick to same. Their city is si- 
tuated between Irish enemies and English rebels. Pray to have their 
charter confirmed, with a special clause that they may buy and sell 
with Irishmen at all times. Pray to have the King's grant of the 
Holy Cross in Limerick, which Edmund Sexten has craftily obtained. 

May 21. 


May 26. 


18. Lord Deputy and Council to same, 
monasteries be left." 

Recommend that six 

June 30. 


July 10. 

July 31 . 

19. Brabazon to same. A prophecy against the King and Crum- 
well. O'Neill, O'Donnell, and young Fitzgerald have combined. 
Above 2,000 Scots in Ireland under Alexander Carragh M'Donnell 
[McConnell]. Advises that two ships should cruise between Ireland 
and Scotland. Recommends that a Council should be appointed for 
Kilkenny, "VVexford, Waterford, Tipperary, Cork, and Limerick. 

20. Gray to same. "Hosting against the Tooles. Presses for 
leave of absence." 

21. J. Alen to same. "Confederacy between Desmond, O'Neill, 
and O'Donnell in favour of young Fitzgerald, aided by the Pope and 
the King of Scots. Wages of the army to be increased, or its number 
diminished. Sends confessions as to the foregoing matters." Incloses, 

21. i. Confession of Conor More O'Concn*, servant to young 
Gerald, son of the late Earl of Kildare. April 17, Dublin Castle. 

21. II. Farther confession. July 1. 

21. in. Confession of Thomas Lynche, of Gfalway, merchant, " late 
being in O'Donnell 's country ^vith a ship of wines." 

22. The Abbot and Convent of St. Mary's Abbey to Crumwell. 


[St Mary's by p ray n0 t to 

July 31. 23. Wm. Laundy, Abbot, and the Convent of St. Mary to same. 

[St. Mary's Ab- Pray that he will use his influence that their house may not be dis- 

ey, y m.j goiyg^ n ey c h an gi n g their habit and rule, as expressed more fully in 

their other letter of the same date. Send a remembrance by the bearer. 

August 8. 24. Inquisition, in return to the King's writ, certifying the County 
Maglass. o f Wexford to be a County Palatine in itself, and as such entitled to 
peculiar liberties and jurisdictions as to holding courts, &c. 

August 12. 25. Lord Deputy Gray to Wm. Popley, dwelling with my Lord 
Drogheda. Privy Seal. Has received a letter from his old servant, Stephen Ap 
Harry. Wm. Popley's cousin, Walter Pepparde, has married. The 
leases of the monastery of St. Mary Abbey. Fynglas's lease. 




August 15. 26. John Deverus, of the County of Wexford, to Crumwell. States 

Wexford. that Anthony Sentleger and the other Commissioners have authorized 

him to be Chancellor of Wexford, but that the Lord Chancellor Alen 

and others will not allow the patent. Prays he may be admitted to 

the office. 

August 26. 27. Sir John Rawson, Prior of Kilmainham, to same. Answers 

Kilmainham. letters of June 18. Thanks for his goodness to Rawson's cousin, 

Henry Goderyke, Receiver of the Commandry of Rybston. Means 

for obtaining for the said Goderyke the farm of the said Commandry. 

Sept. 8. 28. R. Cowley to same. " Gray has prevented intended June- 
Dublin, tions of O'Neill with the Northern Chieftains, and Desmond with 
the Western. W. Sayntloo keeps aloof. Recommendation of John 
Broke to check the Musters. The Irish object to the King's heresy, 
and dispute his title to the land. Popularity of the Geraldines. 
Bishop Staples." 

Oct. 9. 29. Miles Fitzgerald, Bishop of Ossory, to the Archbp. of Dublin. 

Kilkenny. Many enormous crimes objected against the Abbess of Kilcullen. 
Her contumacious behaviour. Prays him to purchase a licence in 
writing " autentiklie " of the King's good grace for the pardon of his 
bonnet or at least for his under cap. The debility of his head. 

Oct. 18. 30. Lord Deputy and Council to the King. "Death of Walter 
Camp beside Wellesley Bishop of Kildare. Recommendation of Wm. Meagh, 
Dean of Kildare, as his successor." 


Oct. 19. 

Oct. 21. 


Oct. 31. 


31. James Earl of Ormond to Crumwell. "James Fitz John of 
Desmond is strong in Munster. Has tried in vain to treat with 
him. Apprehends blame, from Gray. Recommends a successor to 
the See of Kildare." 

32. Same to Wriothesley. " Gray leans to the Geraldines." 

33. Gray to Crumwell. "Hosting against O'Reilly. Treaty 
with him. O'Neill breaks his appointment. Hosting into Lecale 
and the Ardes, with the view of taking young Fitzgerald. Wishes 
to go to England." 

34. Bathe to same. 
J. Alen." 

" Gray's grounds of complaint against 

Nov. 6. 

St. Mary's. 

Nov. 6. 


Dec. 20. 


>35. Gray to same. "An army has arrived under Paget; and 
treasure. Paget returns." 

36. Henry Gee, Mayor of Chester, to same. Sir John Dongan 
has arrived from Ireland without passport from the Lord Deputy. 
He remains in ward till the King's pleasure be further known. 

37. Ormond to same. " Repulse of O'Brien and James Fitz 
John of Desmond. Gray's journey to Roscrea, Modreeny, Thurles, 
Cashel Clonmel, Youghal, Imokilly, Cork, Kinsale, &c. Submis- 
sion of O'Carroll, M'O'Brien Arra, O'Kennedy, Dermot O'Mulryan, 




Dec. 24. 

Dec. 24. 

St. John's. 

Dec. 30. 


Dec. 30. 



O'Dwyres both, Shane Glas M'Carthy, Gerald M'Shane, the White 
Knight, Gerald of Desmond's sons, Lord Barry, Cormac Oge 
M'Carthy 's sons, and M'Carthy Reagh. Gray and Ormond on good 

38. Journal of the progress of the Lord Deputy in a hosting into 
Desmond's country from Nov. 5 to Dec. 24. Names of the pledges 
from the different Chieftains. 

39. Wm. Wise to Walter Cowley. Mr. White and he had been as 
far as Kinsale. Peace made with Donough O'Callaghan. Begs 
Walter Cowley will write to him. 

40. Lord Deputy Gray and Council to the King. Request that 
the pay of the soldiers may be augmented, as they cannot subsist on 
their present allowance. 

41. Gray to Crumwell. " Supplicates permission to return , to 
England. Gray and Alen reconciled." 

42. Breviate of the articles of such peaces as have been concluded 
by the Lord Leonard Gray with the Irish rebels in the time of his 
being the King's Deputy. 

43. Declaration of the Lord Deputy and Council of Ireland, of the 
pledges they have received from the Irish Chiefs for keeping the 
King's peace. 

44. William Maguire, of the King's City [Athenry?], mariner, to 
Crumwell. Has heretofore complained against Walter Harbert, 
Esq., and one of his servants called James Angley, for certain goods 
indirectly taken from the said Maguire. Extraordinary proceeding 
of the said Walter Harbert. Maguire prays Crumwell to write and 
command the said Walter Harbert to repair before the Mayor and 
Council of Bristol that a final end may be taken in the matter. 

45. Memoranda for the use of Lord Crumwell, for business before 
the Privy Council relative to Ireland : The state of the castles of 
Dublin, Trim, and Carlow ; the removing of Donough O'Brien from 
the castle of Carrickogonel, because of his robberies and extortions. 

Jan. 2. 

Jan. 16. 


Jan. 16. 


VOL. IX. 1540. 

1. List of contracts and agreements made by the Lord Deputy, 
the King's Commissioners, and the Privy Council with different 
Irish Chieftains; some of the said contracts remain in the custody 
of the Lord Deputy, some with Justice Aylmer, and some with the 
Bishop of Meath. 

2. The Council of Ireland to the King. "Commend Gray's recent 
conduct. Ask the King to prefer Gray to a profitable marriage." 

3. The same to Crumwell. On the same subjects. 

D 2 



Jan. 17. 


Jan. 18. 


Jan. 18. 

Feb. [1.] 

Feb. 5. 

Feb. 13. 


Feb. 15. 


Feb. 16. 



4. Win. Sayntloo to Crumwell. Complains that he cannot pay the 
rents reserved on the lands of Davy Newell and James Keatyng, 
lately attainted of treason, and the tithes of Kilmore, which was of 
the house of Tintern suppressed. The retinue of soldiers that he 
had is called back. The continual spoils, burnings, and destruction 
wrought by the Kavanaghs. Has 25 marks a year as Seneschal. 

5. Lord Deputy and Council to the King. "The Geraldines 
endeavour to get aid from the Emperor and French King. The 
force necessary for subduing the country, and its distribution, pro- 
visions, &c." 

6. The Council to Crumwell. "Defend the Chancellor against 

7. " W. Cowley's remembrances concerning Ireland." 

8. Disbursements made by Walter Cowley, in conveying a supply 
of treasure from London to Dublin. 

9. Lord Deputy and Council to the King. " O'Neill has again 
broken his appointment. Gray burns and destroys his country for 
six days. Want of cavalry." 

10. Lord Deputy Gray to Crumwell. 
leave of absence." 

Urges his petition for 

March 10. 

1 1. William Brabazon to same. In favour of the bearer Walter 
Pepparde, who has been preferred to the late monastery of St. 
Mary's next Dublin. 

12. Gray to the King. For permission to repair to England to 
lay before him the real state of Ireland. Not to credit the reports 
against him, until he can personally vindicate himself. His men 
mustered March 2, by Sir Wm. Brereton and John Travers, Master 
of the Ordnance. 

March 10. 13. Lord Deputy and Council to Crumwell. "The state of the 
Kilmainham. country. Wages of the horsemen insufficient." 

March 14. 14. Gray to the King. " Praises Travers, and sends him to Eng- 
Drogheda. land. Urges his suit for a furlough." 

March 14. 15. The Council of Ireland to Crumwell. "Object to Travers 
Dublin. being sent away." 

March 17. 16. Gray to same. "Young Gerald Fitzgerald escaped to France. 
Dublin. Troops discontented with their pay, and diseased." 

April 1. 17. Memoranda, in Wriothesley's handwriting, for the despatch 
of Irish business, on which the following letter is founded. 

April 1.. 18. The King to Gray and Sir W. Brereton. " Temporary 
Hampton Court. reca ll of Gray. Brereton to act as Lord Justice. Pay of troops to 
be increased." 



April 4. 

April 14-. 

April 30. 


May 1. 


May 4. 


May 4. 


May 7. 

May 8. 

May 12. 

May 14. 


May 17. 


May 19. 


May 19. 



19. Council of Ireland to the King. "James Fitzmaurice of 
Desmond has been slain by Maurice, the brother of James Fitz 
John, whereby the latter has concentrated in himself the whole title 
to the Earldom/' 

20. Walter Brown to Crumwell. Has a lease of the suppressed 
monastery of Selsker in Wexford for 2 1 years ; prays to have a 
grant of the same to him and his heirs for ever. 

21. Council of Ireland to Crumwell Earl of Essex. " Upon the 
rumour of Gray's recall, the Tooles made a foray in the neighbour- 
hood of Dublin, and the Kavanaghs in Wexford. When they had 
fixed a parley with Desmond, they were summoned by Gray to 
Dublin. Gray ready to depart. The Chancellor and Vice Treasurer 
are not ready, but will be in England by Whitsuntide. O 'Conor 
has invaded Kildare. O'Neill not at peace." 

22. Ormond to same. "Will repair to Engla,nd as soon as he 
has settled with Desmond, the Tooles, O'Brien, and O'More's sons." 

23. Lord Justice Brereton and Council to the King. " State of 
the country." 

24. Lord Justice Brereton and Council to Essex. To the same 

25. Brereton to same. " O'Conor, the Tooles, and the Kavanaghs 
are foraging. O'Neill has promised a parley. Has no distrust of 
the Council as Gray had." 

26. J. Alen and Brabazon to same. " Brereton elected and sworn 
Lord Justice. Invasion of the Irishry. Parley with O'Neill. Want 
of money and horsemen." 

27. William Blechyndeii to same. There is a bruit that the 
Lord Deputy intends to have the King's authority on his arrival to 
discharge all the Welshmen in the army. Desires that if the 50 
Welshmen under his command be discharged, he may have some 
other employment. ' 

28. James Earl of Ormond to the Lord Justice and Council. Has 
had a personal conference with James of Desmond, but cannot induce 
him to submit to the King as he despairs of receiving his pardon. 

29. Brereton to Essex. "Peace with O'Neill. O'Conor burns 
Kildare. No security with Desmond." 

30. George Browne, Archbishop of Dublin, to same. " Glad of 
Gray's departure. Cardinal Pole." 

31. P. Barnewall to same. "O'Conor. Qualities necessary for a 
Lord Deputy. Brabazon. J. Alen. Ormond." 

June. 32. " J. Alen's answer to Gray's articles." 

June 12. 

33. The Council in England to Brereton, &c. "Gray is committed 
to the Tower. His property to be taken in charge." 



June 20. 

June 28. 


July 8. 


July 20. 



34. O'Donnell to the King. " His submission." 

35. Matthew King to the Council in England. " The Lord Justice 
about to meet O'Neill and the Northern Chiefs at Fowre. Want of 
arms. Irish marriages. Affinity of the Judges. Wards of castles. 
O'Conor has assaulted Castle Jordan." 

36. The King to Brereton. " Approves of his not invading the 
rebels till he is stronger. Promises money and horsemen, and to 
strengthen the Council." 

37. Margaret Countess Dowager of Ormond to the King. "Sends 
a present of hawks." 

38. O'Neill to the same. " Promises to be obedient if the Deputy 
is not extortionate." Latin. 

July 25. 39. Lord Justice and Council to the same. " The Irish did not 
Dublin. come to Fowre. Hosting against O'Conor. They mistrust O'Neill." 

July 26. 40. Ormond to the same. " Hosting against the Kavanaghs. 
KiUcarrick. O'Toole offers peace. O'Brien. Desmond." Incloses, 

40. i. James of Desmond to Ormond. Has stayed O'Brien from 
doing harm. Requests Ormond to procure the King's favour. 
July 8, The Marter. 

August 7. 41 . Lord Justice Brereton, Browne Archbishop of Dublin, and 
Dublin. Robert Cowley, Master of the Rolls, to the Council. Have made 
search for all such treasure, jewels, plate, and stuff as the Lord 
Leonard Gray had left. Inclose, 

41. i. Inventory of the plate, wearing apparel, and household 
furniture of Lord Leonard Gray, late Lord Deputy, left at St. 
Mary's Abbey and Maynooth, on his departure to England. 

August 16. 42. The King to Anthony Sentleger, Thomas Walssh, John 
Mynne, and William Cavendyssh. " Instructions to them as Com- 
missioners in Ireland/' 

August 16. 43. The King to the Lord Deputy and other Commissioners to 
investigate the accounts of William Brabazon, Vice Treasurer of 
Ireland, and to examine him on oath relative thereto. [The return 
to this was made in May following. ~\ 

August 20. 44. The King to Sentleger. " Further instructions. Has pardoned 
Windsor. O'Donnell." 

August 20. 45. Copy of the preceding letter. 


August. 20. 46. The King to O'Donnell. " Letter of forgiveness." 


Sept. 7. 47. The same to the Lord Deputy and Council. " Thanks the 
Grafton. inhabitants of the English Pale. Sends letters to O'Neill. Blames 

Sept. 7. 48. Copy of the above. 




Sept. 7. 

Sept. 7. 


Sept. 7. 
Sept. 12. 


Sept. 12. 


Sept. 22. 



49. The King to the Council of Ireland. " Thanks Brereton for 
his services. Purposes to deliberate on Brereton's suit." 

50. The same to O'Neill. " Answer to O'Neill's letter. Promises 
him protection while he is faithful." Latin. 

51. Copy of the preceding letter. 

52. Lord Deputy Sentleger to the King. " Hosting against the 
Kavanaghs and into Leix. M'Murrough has renounced that name. 
Pledges taken from O'More's sons, Teig O'Doyn, or rather O'Dunne, 
chief of Oregan [Iregan in the barony of Tinnahmch in Queen's 
County], O'Dempsey, and O'Conor of Irey-Connaught. Sir John 
Rawson's resignation of his priory ; recommended for a peerage. 
Want of money. O'Toole's truce about to expire." 

53. Same to the Council. The same as the preceding. 

54. The Council to the King. " Brereton's hosting against 
O'Conor, who promises to fulfil his indenture. His adherents sub- 
mit. Propose to fortify castles against him. Recount Sentleger's 
proceedings since his arrival. He has not had communication with 
O'Neill or Desmond. Recommend Rawson. Parliament." 

his letter of the 12th. 
Articles to be prepared 

Sept. 26. 55. The King to Sentleger. " Answer to 
Ampthiil. Rawson to have the Viscounty of Clontarff. 
against Lord Leonard Gray." 

Sept. 26. 56. The same to same. " Has written to Ormond. How he is to 
Ampthiil. be dealt with. Reduction of Leinster." 

Sept. 26. 57. The King to James Earl of Ormond. Thanks him for assist- 
ing the Lord Deputy in an attack on the Kavanaghs. Requests him 
to use his exertions to reduce that country to obedience. 

Sept. 29. Account of William Brabazon, Under Treasurer and Receiver 
General, for three years ending Sept. 29, 1540. Latin. [This 
account mentions t^vo schedules on parchment and an inventory on 
paper as having been examined, and states that they remain in the 
bag of the particulars of this account. Ireland, Folios, Vol. ii., 
No. 1.] 

58. The Commissioners Sentleger, Walssh, &c., to the King. 
Have surveyed Meath and Uriel. Brabazon's accounts." 

[Oct. 28 ?] 59. " The Council's articles against Lord Leonard Gray." 

Oct. 24. 


Oct. 60. The depositions of the Lord Chancellor Alen and certain of 

the Council, also of several of the nobility and others, against the 
Lord Gray. 

Oct. 61. The depositions of the Council in Ireland against the late 

Lord Deputy Gray, particularly referring to the favour he showed 
on every occasion to the traitors in the Geraldine rebellion, and his 
conniving at the escape of young Gerald Fitzgerald into France. 


Nov. 13. 

Nov. 14. 



62. Abstract of the accusations of the Council of Ireland against 
Lord Leonard Gray, for treasonable practices. 

63. Lord Deputy and Council to the King. " O'Conor's sub- 
mission. His wish to be created a Baron." 

64. Same to the same. " Submission of Kavanagh and O'Toole. 
Suggest grants to O'Toole and his brother. The Byrnes. Leinster." 

64. i. Petition of Turlough O'Toole and Art Oge, his brother, 
for their lands. 

65. Duplicate of the above petition. 

Nov. 14. 66. "Devices for the reformation of Leinster." 
Nov. 14. . 67. Duplicate of the preceding document. 

Nov. 68. Heads of instructions, for the Chief Serjeant and Attorney 

General of Ireland, to be declared to the English Government ; 
transmitted with the letters from the Lord Deputy and Council on 
Nov. 14. [Answered in detail in the King's letter to the Lord 
Deputy and Council, 1541, March 26.] 

Nov. 16. 69. Lord Deputy Sentleger to the Duke of Norfolk. Recommends 
Kilmainham. that conciliatory measures should be adopted towards the bearer 

Turlough O'Toole, to whom he has lent 20. towards his charges in 

repairing to Court. 

Dec. 30. 70. Deputy and Council to the King. " Parliament. Advise the 
Dublin. King to be called King of Ireland. Supposed right of the Pope to 
the kingdom. Reduction of the army." 

Extent and survey of the lands and possessions of the dis- 
solved monasteries in the County of Dublin, viz., St. Mary's, Thomas 
Court, Priory of Hohnepatrick, the Friars Preachers by Dublin, 
the Hospital of St. John the Baptist without the New Gate, the 
Nuns of Hogges by Dublin, the Nuns of Grace Dieu, the Franciscan 
Friars by Dublin, the Augustine Friars by Dublin, the Hospital of 
St. John of Jerusalem in Ireland, and the Carmelite Friars by 
Dublin. [Ireland, Folios, Vol. ii., No. 2.] 

Jan. 16. 

Jan. 18. 

VOL. X. 1541, 1542. 

1. Notarial instrument by the Archbishop of Cashel and Bishop 
of Limerick, certifying the public submission of James Fitz John, 
Earl of Desmond. 

Extent of the lands and tenements, and other possessions as 
well spiritual as temporal, of the late dissolved monasteries, priories, 
and other religious nouses in Waterford and Wexford. [Ireland, 
Folios, Vol. iii., No. 1.] 



Jan. 27. 2. The King to the Lord Deputy and Council. "Grant of lands 
Hampton Court, to OToole and his brother." 

Feb. 6. 3. T. Barnaby to the King. " Search for Gerald Fitzgerald in 
Rouen. France." 

Feb. 21. 4. Lord Deputy Sentleger to the same. "Desmond submits, and 

Kilmainham. is sworn of the Council. Conflicting claims to the Earldom settled 

by cross-marriages between the children of Desmond and Ormond. 

Conference with O'Brien. Sexten commended. M'Gilpatrick and 

M : William recommended for peerages." Incloses, 

4t. i. Submission of James Earl of Desmond. January 16, 

March 15. 5. Walter Cowley to the Lord Deputy. Cahir M'Arte Kavanagh 
" The borders of S ays that his ancestors were the first that ever brought English- 
Calm- M'Arte s men into Ireland. He will abolish coin and livery, and keep 20 
horses in every stable, and every horseman to have but one 
horse. He says he will have his tenants' houses with benches and 
boards after English sort. He and his country will have English 
apparel for one year forth. Tithes. The erection of the county of 

March 26. 6. The King to the Lord Deputy and Council. " Disapproves 
Canterbury, their suggestions as to Leinster. Parliament. The March lands to 
be surveyed. Sale of abbey lands. The castle of Trim to be 
repaired. New Peers. Terms on which lands may be granted to 
the Irish who submit. Building of castles. Walsh's pardon. The 
late Lord CrumwelTs orders for money. Grants to P. Barnewall 
of Fieldston and Robert Dyllon, the Attorney General. Approves of 
the proceedings announced in their last letter. Archbishoprick of 
Armagh. Lord L. Gray's lands. General pardon." 

March 26. 7. List of Acts to be passed in the Irish Parliament ; with the 
King's directions in the margin. 

8. Copy of the preceding list. 

March 26 

April 13. 



Extent of the lands of persons attainted of high treason, viz., 
Gerald Earl of Kildare, Walter Delahide, Thomas Lynaghe, John 
Burnell, Richard Walsshe, Peter Walsshe, Walter Fitzgerald, Sir 
James Fitzgerald, Oliver Fitzgerald, Richard Mory Fitzgerald, 
William Fitzgerald, and Christopher Eustace. Latin. [Ireland ', 
Folios, Vol. in., No. 2.] 

9. Wm. Wyse to John Mynne, one of the Commissioners. Bad 
season for lampreys. Report touching my Lord of Ormond and my 
Lady his mother. Has received letters concerning the proxies 
which " our ordinary " would have had of the King's lands of St. 

Extent of the possessions of the dissolved monasteries ; viz. 
the Hospital of St. John of the Naas, surrendered by Thomas 
Postwyk, the Prior, in Nov., 1540, before Walssh and Mynne. 
The Priory of Conall, Nov., Jan., and April, before Walssh, 





May 1. 


May 2. 



VOL. X. 

Mynne, and Cavendyssh. The Abbey of Kildare, surrendered by the 
Abbess. The Priory of Clane, surrendered by the Prior. The 
Augustines of the Naas ; the Friars Preachers of the Naas. The Friars 
Minors of Kildare ; the Carmelites of Kildare. The Hospital of St. 
John of Thrysteldermott or Castledermott ; Friars Minors of Thrys- 
teldermott. Priory of Grayne ; the Priory of Themolynbegge ; Car- 
melites of Clonecurrye; Friars Preachers of A thy; Friars Minors 
of New Abbey, ceded by the Prior ; College of St. Mary of May- 
nooth, surrendered by the Provost in Oct. and Jan. 1540-1 ; Abbey 
of Baltinglass. Latin. [Ireland, Folios, Vol. iii, No. 3.] 

Extent of the possessions of the dissolved monasteries ; viz., 
the Priory of St. John in Kilkenny, surrendered by the Prior ; 
the Monastery of Jerepounte. The Priory of Inistioge, surrendered 
by the Prior in January 1541. The Friars of Tullophelim ; the 
Monastery of Kells. The Monastery of Duske, surrendered by the 
Abbot before Sentleger and Cavendysshe. The Friars Preachers of 
Kilkenny, surrendered by the Prior. The Franciscans of Kilkenny, 
surrendered by the Prior. The Carmelites of Leighlin Bridge ; the 
Hospital of Lepers, near Kilkenny ; the Carmelites of Knocktopher. 
The Augustines of Callan, surrendered by the Prior. The Priory of 
Fertenegeraghe, surrendered by the Prior. The Nuns of Kilcullen, 
surrendered by the Prioress, on January 19, 1541, before Sent- 
leger, Mynne, and Cavendyssh. The Monastery of Kylcowle ; 
the Monastery of Rock alias Hore, surrendered by the Abbot. 
Augustines of Tipperary, surrendered by the Prior. Carmelites of 
Thurles, surrendered by the Prior. The Franciscans of Cashel, sur- 
rendered by the Prior. The Augustines of Fethard. The Carmelites, 
near Clonmel, surrendered by the Prior. The Priory of Care Deneske, 
surrendered by the Prior. Monastery of Aghmacarte, surrendered by 
the Prior. The Friars of Athebowe, in Ossory, in M'Gilpatrick's 
country, surrendered by the Prior. The Friars Preachers of Cashel, 
surrendered by the Prior. The Franciscans of Clonmel, by the Prior. 
The Nuns of Moylaghe, surrendered by the Prioress. The Abbey 
of Innyslanaghe, surrendered by the Abbot. Latin. [Ireland, 
Folios, Vol. iii., No. 4.] 

10. The King to M'William. " Offers him a Barony or Viscounty 
but will not grant him an Earldom unless he will come to Court." 

11. The same to the Lord Deputy and Council. "M'William. 
Grants of land to be upon condition that the grantees shall be 
obedient to the King. Pay for the army. Cavendyssh to stay 
after Walssh and Mynne. Bishop of Ardagh." 

12. Estimate by William Brabazon, Vice Treasurer of Ireland, 
and James Bathe, Chief Baron ; of the revenues of Ireland, and 
the charges thereon, 30, 31, & 32 Henry VIII. 

13. Account of William Brabazon, Vice Treasurer, of the receipts 
and expenditure of Ireland, for civil and military expenses for one 
year and a quarter. [The revenue of Ireland, at this period, for a 
year and a quarter was 3,373?. 19s. 7d.] 



June 26. 


June 26. 

June 28. 

June 28. 
June 28. 


July 12. 

July 12. 
July 21. 

July 28. 


July 28. 

VOL. X. 

14. Duplicate copy of the preceding document. 

15. List of Acts proposed for the Irish Parliament, 33 Henry VIII. 

16. Lord Deputy Sentleger to the King. "Parliament has met. 
Act passed for Henry VIII. to be King of Ireland." 

17. Copy of the preceding letter. 

18. Lord Deputy and Council to the King. "Act for the King's 
style. Doubt O'Neill's conformity. M'William. O'Reilly recom- 
mended for a Viscounty." Inclose, 

18. i. List of the Irish Bishops and Peers present at the passing 
of the A ct for the King's style. June 28. 

19. Extract from the preceding letter. 

20. Lord Deputy and Council to the Privy Council. To the same 

21. Certain orders made by Deputy Sentleger in the Parliament 
held at Dublin For reformation of the inhabitants of the parts of 
the kingdom not yet instructed in the laws. The style of King 
of Ireland. Laymen not to be admitted to ecclesiastical benefices. 
The principal manors of Bishops, and the parsonages of Rectors, and 
glebes of Vicars, exempted from coin and livery. Any person 
stealing over the value of fourteen pence shall lose one ear on 
conviction for the first offence, the other ear on a second conviction, 
and shall be punished with death for a, third offence. Latin. [These 
copies are in the handwriting of Thady Dowling, Chancellor of 
Leighlin, the Irish antiquary, and are attested by him as true. 
They were originally among the MS. collections of Dr. Meredith 

22. Certain legal notes, some of which are written on one page 
of the above. Latin. 

Certain orders for Munster. Latin. [See 1549, Feb. 7.] 

23. Council with the King to the Council in London. It is expe- 
dient that, before the King's style be altered by reason of the Act 
passed in Ireland, the words of the same Act should be well weighed 
and considered, for if the same be couched as though they gave this 
thing unto his Highness by a common consent of themselves, it might 
be an argument hereafter that it proceeded of their election, [$ee 
State Papers. Vol. I. page 659]. 

24. Lord Deputy and Council to the King. "Parliament pro- 
rogued. Acts passed. O'Neill. O'Donnell. Lord L. Gray's lands. 
Abbey lands." 

25. List of Acts passed in the first Session of the Parliament held 
at Dublin, June 13, 1541. 

26. Schedule of the Acts of the Irish Parliament, from 11 Hen. IV. 
[1409] to 33 Hen. VIII.; with marginal notes by Sir Anthony 



July 28. 27. Abstracts, in Mr. Secretary Wriothesley's writing, of the 
letters from the Lord Deputy and Council, of June 26 and July 28, 
relative to his Majesty's style' and title as King of Ireland. 

August 26. 28. Statement of Kobert Cowley, Master of the Rolls in Ireland, 
to the King, relative to seditious words spoken by the Lord Deputy 
Sir Anthony Sentleger, as to the title of Hen. VII. before he 
married Queen Elizabeth. 

August. 29. Declaration of the Lord Chancellor, the Archbishop of Dublin, 
and several others of the Council, explaining certain words spoken 
by the Lord Deputy in conversation relative to King Henry VII/s 
title to the Crown of England, which had been taken down and 
misrepresented by Mr. Cowley, the Master of the Rolls. 

August 28. 30. Lord Deputy and Council to the King. " O'Donnell submits. 
Dublin They endeavour to win O'Neill. Parliament. Desmond. O'Conor. 
M'William. O'Donnell. Lord Slane." 

August 28. 31. Lord Deputy and Council to the Privy Council in England. 
Dublin. On the same subjects as the preceding letter to the King. 

August 29. 32. Sentleger to the King. " O'Donnell. O'Neill. Sir Thomas 
Dublin. Cusake commended. O'Donnell's chaplain recommended to the 
See of Elphin." Incloses, 

32. i. Indenture and articles under which O'Donnell submitted 
himself to the King. August 6, Cavan. 

August 29. 33. The Judges and Law Officers of Ireland to the Council of 
Dublin. England. " Ask to be established at the late Blackfriars/' 

Sept. 8. 34. The King to the Lord Deputy and Council. " Answer to 
Leckenfield. their letters of June and July. Objections to the act for the King's 
style. Acts for forfeitures and for grants. O'Reilly to be Viscount of 
Cavan. Gray's debts to be paid out of his lands. Commission for 
sale of abbey lands. Thanks to O'Reilly and Lord Slane. Letters 
from O'Donnell." With note of letters to be despatched. 

Sept. 23. 35. Report by the Council in London to the King, on the altera- 
tion of his style to King of Ireland. Opinion of the measures 
proper to be adopted for bringing the kingdom to civilization. 
Recommend his Majesty to conciliate the great Irish Chieftains. 
[Minute, in the handwriting of Secretary Wriothesley.] 

Sept. 23. 36. Copy of the preceding report. 

Sept. 23. 37. The King to the Lord Deputy and Council. " Wants a re- 
York, venue to support the Royal dignity. Different conditions to be 
required from the Irish on the Marches and from those at a distance. 
Cusake to be sworn of the Privy Council. Parliament at Limerick. 
Agrees to the proposals for O'Donnell, O'Conor, and O'Donnell's 
chaplain. Grant to Sentleger. All church patronage, except 
Bishopricks and Deaneries, to be in the Deputy. Repairs of castles. 




Oct. 9. 

Borders of 

Oct. 10. 


VOL. X. 

38. Sir Thomas Cusake to the'Council in England. " Suggestions 
as to granting lands and honours to the Irish Chieftains." 

39. Deputy Sentleger and Council to the King. " Hosting against 
O'Neill. Many of the Irishry have sworn to serve the King against 

40. The Council with the King to the Lord Chancellor of England 
Lord Audeley. " Acts for Ireland." 

Oct. 10. 41. Copy of the preceding letter. 

Oct. 24. 





Dec. 17. 






Jan. 8. 


42. Lord Deputy and Council to the King. " Answer to the des- 
patches of September 8 and 23. Mines. Revenue. Pay of the army. 
Bad quality of bows and bowstrings." 

43 O'Brien to the same. " Professes allegiance. Prays pardon 
for himself and his adherents." 

44. " K. Cowley's plan for the reformation of Ireland." 

45. " The Irishry who have submitted." 

46. Lord Deputy Sentleger to the King "Road against O'Neill. 
He makes terms." 

47. Con O'Neill to the same. " Asks forgiveness, and for such 
honours and grants as the King will give him." Latin. 

48. Copy of the above with marginal notes. Latin. 

49. Articles whereunto O'Neill is bound ; to the same effect as 
the preceding. 

50. The Council of Ireland to the King. " Reasons for accepting 
O'Neill's submission." 

51. Petition of Francis Harbart to the same : Prays for a grant 
in perpetuity of the manor of Portlester, which he holds on lease in 
consideration of his services during the Rebellion. 


52. Council of Ireland to the Council in England, 

" Ireland at 

March 4. 53. M' William to the Lord Deputy and Council. "Petition for 
Limerick, various grants. The Council's opinion thereon." 

March 31. 54. Lord Deputy and Council to the King. "Parliament at 
Carlow. Limerick. O'Brien has relinquished all on this side the Shannon, 
and asks to hold of the King. The Irish cannot pay rent or sub- 
sidy. Prefer rendering more in kind. Subsidies &c., reserved. 
W. Sayntloo acquitted of murder." 

April 9. Account of William Brabazon, Under Treasurer and Receiver 
General, viz. : The revenues from the fee-farms of Drogheda, Dublin, 
&c. The money paid in by Thomas Cusake the Sheriff of Meath, 




VOL. X. 

Sir John Plunkett Sheriff of Uriel, Henry Betagh Sheriff of Meath, 
James Goodman Sheriff of the County of Dublin, also the fine of 
James Goodman, late Sheriff of the County of Dublin, the particulars 
of which remain in a bag. The fees paid to the Chief Officers, as 
to Thomas Luttrell, Chief Justice of the Common Pleas, 40?. per 
annum, to Walter Delahyde, Chief Baron of the Exchequer, 40?., 
to Patrick Whyte 13?. 6s. 8d., Gerald Aylmer, Chief Justice of the 
King's Bench, 100?. per annum. To Jacobus Lord Butler, the 
Treasurer, 40?. per annum. To John Alen, Master of the Rolls, 20?. 
per annum. Robert Dyllon, Attorney General 12?., and 4Z. for a 
reward. Robert Cowley, Clerk of the Crown, 6?. 13s. 4cZ. Thomas 
Fynglas, chirographer and protonotary 10?. To John Alen, 
Chancellor of the Green Wax of the Exchequer, 10?., and 4?. re- 
ward. To Thomas Alen, Secondary Chamberlain of the Exchequer, 
6?. 13s. 4ci To Thomas Houthe, Chief Remembrancer of the Ex- 
chequer 10?., and a reward of 4?. Patrick Moyle, Second Re- 
membrancer of the Exchequer, 2?. 10s., and 4?. reward, Sir John 
Barnewall, Chancellor of Ireland, 40?., John Alen, Clerk of the 
Council, 1 0?., John Alen, Keeper of the Great Seal, 40?. per annum. 
Walter Cowley, the King's Solicitor, 10?. per annum. To Patrick 
Barnewall, the other Solicitor, for his reward, 4?. Robert Cowley, 
Collector of the Custom in the Port of Dublin, 10?. per annum. 
Walter Cowley, Collector of the Custom in the Port of Drogheda 
10?. To Patrick Collye, one of the soldiers of the castle of Dublin, 
12c?. per diem. To John Alen, Esq., Chancellor, 100?. per annum, 
and 10s. per diem diet. James Bathe, Chief Baron of the Ex- 
chequer, 40?. Account of the payment of arrearages. The pos- 
sessions of the ancient inheritance of the Crown. The possessions 
of Gerald, late Earl of Kildare, William Purcell, Sir James Fitz- 
gerald, Oliver Fitzgerald, Richard Fitzgerald, Walter Fitzgerald 
Walter Delahide, Thady O'Brien, Dermot M'Donnell, and others, at- 
tainted of high treason. The lands and possessions of the Abbey of 
Furnes, in England, in the County of Meath, in Ireland, the Mo- 
nastery of Oseney, the Monastery of Bath, the Abbey of Keynsham, 
and the lands of monasteries in Ireland, including Thomascourt, by 
Dublin. The 20th parts. Fines for divers transgressions and con- 
tempts. Fines for alien aticns of Ian4 and sale of wards. First fruits, 
&c., &c. Latin. [Ireland, Folios, Vol. iv., No.!.] 

55. The King to the Lord Deputy and Council. " Refuses the 
Earldom of Ulster to O'Neill. If he will be submissive the King will 
extend grace and clemency to him. The King's intentions in favour 
of O'Brien. R. Cowley removed from the Rolls and succeeded by 
Sir Thomas Cusake. The King's style. Grant to O'Toole." 

56. O'Donnell to the King. "Asks to be excused from Parliament, 
to be made Earl of Sligo, where his ancestors have held the castle 
for 1 ,000 years ; and to have a gold chain." Latin. 

May 6. 57. Sentleger to the same. "Answer to despatch of April 14. 

Kiimainham. The Rolls already granted, both to J. Alen and R. Cowley, for life. 

Their surrender necessary for Cusake's appointment. Want of artisans 

April 14. 


April 22. 



May 6. 


VOL. X. 

for repairing the castles. Surveys wanted. Cavendyssh expected 
again in Ireland, and commended/' 

58. Lord Deputy and Council to the Council of England. " Re- 
commend a grant of the Blackfriars for the use of the lawyers/' 

May 8. 59. Lord Deputy Sentleger to the King. " Further answer to the 
Kilmainham. same despatch. O'Neill. Answer to R. Cowley's proposals respect- 
ing the Irish Government. Desmond's great power. Charges 
against Cowley/' 

May 22. 


June 2. 

60. Same to the same. " M'Quillin [a Welsh adherent of 
O'Neill] craves pardon. O'Neill submits to hold of the King. 
M'Donnell, Captain of O'Neill's galloglasses, submits. O'Neill poor. 
Parliament." Incloses, 

60. i. Submission of M'Donnell, Captain of galloglas. May 18. 

61. The King to O'Donnell. ".Refers him to the Lord Deputy 

Hampton Court, respecting his attendance in Parliament." 

June 2. 62. Draft of the above, in Wriothesley's hand. 

June 2. 63. Lord Deputy and Council to the King. " Answer to the 
Dublin. despatch of April 14. M'Donnell and O'Neill's galloglasses have 
forsworn O'Neill. Judges' stipends and circuits. Recommend that 
O'Brien should be created Earl of Thomond, and Donough O'Brien 
a Viscount. Acquit all the Council of participation with R. Cowley 
The King's' style on the Great Seal. Grant to O'Toole's children. 
Desmond is going to Court. Compensation to G. Browne, Archbishop 
of Dublin, for a loss arising from the King's grant to O'Toole." 

June 4. 64. J. Alen to the same. " Distrusts O'Neill. Cautions the 
Dublin. King respecting his grants to Desmond. Reformation of Leinster," 

July 5. 65. The King to the Lord Deputy and Council. " Answer to 
Hampton Court, their letters of June 4 and others. O'Neill to be created a Peer by 
any title except Earl of Ulster. Grant to M'DonnelL Circuits, 
O'Brien to be Earl of Thomond, and Donough O'Brien a Baron. 
Grant to O'Toole. Desmond has behaved well. Sir Thomas Butler 
to be Lord Cahir. Forgives the Archbishop of Dublin 250Z. New 
Great Seal. Sexten. Grant to O'Carroll. Bills for Parliament." 

July 12. 66. Lord Deputy and Council to the King. "Parliament at 
Kilmainham. Trim. O'Brien's requests. Printing the statutes. Aid sent to 

M'Quillin against O'Cahan. Intend a journey against the Ka- 

vanaghs after harvest. Scarcity of corn." 

July 16. 


67. Mynne and Cavendyssh to the Council with the King 
" Report on Lord L. Gray's articles against Brabazon." 

August 24. 68. Deputy and Council to the King. " Answer to his letter of 
Dublin. July 5. Want of money to pay the soldiers. Want of arms. Bills 
which have not passed. O'Cahan's castle taken. O'Neill will go to 
Court if he can get money/' 

August 24. 69. The same to the Privy Council. 
Dublin. as the preceding. 

Nearly to the same effect 




August 27. 


VOL. X. 

70. Lord Deputy Sentleger to the King. "Presents hawks. 
Has good hopes of the Irish. Wants money. Death of the Dowager 
Countess of Ormond. Bishop of Emly. O'Brien, M'William, and 
Lord Upper Ossory are going to Court. O'Neill is inclined to go." 

August 27. 71. Lord Deputy and some of the Council to the same. " Propose 
Dublin. a Council to be resident at Limerick instead of the franchise of 
Wexford ; and a resident Council at Dublin. St. Patrick's church 
fit to be maintained. Christchurch to be converted into a secular 
state. They propose to devote it to the use of the perpetual Council 
at Dublin." 


Sept. 1. 


72. An Act to be certified into Ireland, for confirming and 
making valid all Acts of Parliament passed by the Parliament under 
the authority of the late Lord Lieutenant the Duke of Richmond. 

73. Lord Deputy and Council to the King. O'Neill's purpose to 
go to England to submit himself to his Majesty. Suggest that he 
should be received with great honour, as he possesses great power, 
and is the first O'Neill who has ever gone in person into England ; 
and recommend that he should be created Earl of Tyrone, " whiche 
ys the name of his Countrey." 

Sept. 1. 74. The same to the Privy Council. " Advise that O'Neill, 
Dublin. w ho is going to Court, should be created Earl of Tyrone ; that Irish- 
men be admitted at the Inns of Court; that licences of non-residence 
be refused to beneficed clergymen." 

Sept. 2. 


Sept. 9. 


Sept. 24. 


Sept. 24. 

Sept. 24. 
Sept. 24, 

75. The King to the Lord Deputy and Council. " Answer to 
their despatch of July 12. General pardon for O'Brien's country. 
The Statutes to be collected. Sends money and the Commissioners' 

76. Lord Deputy and Council to the King. " O'Brien prevented 
from proceeding to England. O'Donnell has sent his sons as pledges, 
and will go in the spring. They have stopped the Lord of Upper 
Ossory, on account of the others not going. Sentleger about to 
make a journey to Cork, Kinsale, and Youghal, to keep the 
M'Carthys in order." 

77. Notes of the presents to be made to O'Neill, on his being 
created Earl of Tyrone, in the handwriting of Mr. Secretary Wrio- 

78. " Submission of O'Neill ;" made to King Henry VIII. himself, 
at Greenwich. 

79. Copy of the above, as imprinted in black letter, by Richard 
Lant, for John Gough. 

80. Form, in blank, of the above submission. Underwritten by 
Wriothesley ? " Submission of Onele." 

81. Form, in blank, of the articles and conditions to be entered 
into by the Irish chieftains at the time of their "submission. Indorsed 
by Wriothesley ? " The articles whereunto Onele hath bownden 



Sept. 24. 

Sept. 24. 

Oct. 8. 


Dec. 7. 


VOL. X. 

82. Form similar to the preceding, with the blank filled in and 
" subscribed with his hande." [his mark]. 

83. Original minute of the preceding articles and conditions of 
Con O'Neill. 

84. The King to the Lord Deputy and Council. " Kequires an 
estimate of money wanted. Act for the continency of priests. 
Division of Meath. Erection of the Annaly into a shire. O'Neill 
created Earl of Tyrone, and his son Matthew alias Fedoragh Baron of 
Dungannon. Favours conferred on the two Magennises, the Bishop 
of Clogher, and Dowdall Ordnance. Students of law. Bishops of 
Emly and Elphin, W. Sayntloo, Sir Thomas Butler, James Gernon, 
O'Brien, O'Donnell, the Lord of Upper Ossory, and M' William will 
be well received at Court." 

85. " Traverses devices for the reformation of Ireland." 

86. Lord Deputy and Council to the King. "Answer to his 
letters of Sept. 2 and Oct. 8. Send the required estimate, and a 
bill for the reformation of the clergy. Object to the bill for farms. 
Advise a grant of Claneboy to Niall Oonallagh O'Neill, reserving 
Carrickfergus, Olderfleet, and Coleraine. Grant to Sir Arthur Ma- 
gennis. Bills for a subsidy, and for Dungarvan. The Chancellor's 
salary. Debt due to E-awson. Murder of O'Toole ; punishment of 
the murderer. John Goldsmyth recommended as Clerk of the 
Council. Pardon for Nicholas Bagenall." 

87. Bill to cause such persons as possess lands and tenements in 
the Marches of Ireland to dwell upon their lands, and defend the 
country against the spoil and waste of the rebels. [Draft.'] 


March 5. 

April 6. 


May 14. 

VOL. XL 1543, 1544. 


1 . The King to the Lord Deputy and Council. " Answer to their 
last letter. Disapproves their estimate. Sends money. Favour to 
Niall Conallagh O'Neill, nephew to the Earl of Tyrone. Requires 
further particulars of Claneboy. George Gary. Ports in Ulster. 
Bills. The Chancellor's salary. John Goldsmyth. Nicholas Bagenall 
pardoned. Seals. Leave of absence for John Brereton." 

2. Sentleger to the King. "Asks instructions in case of war 
with France or Scotland. Describes the galloglass and kerne. 
Disbelieves a rumour of an intercourse between O'Donnell and the 
Earl of Argyle. Parliament. State of the Irish havens." Incloses , 

2. I. Names of the havens in Ireland. 

3. Ormond to the King. " The constableship of Dungarvan/' 




May 14. 


May 15. 


May 15. 


May 15. 

May 15. 


May 15. 



June 3. 

June 3. 
June 3. 

June 3. 
[June 3.] 

June 4, 


4. Lord Deputy and Council to the King. " Recommend M'Namara 
of Cloncullen and Dr. Nelan or O'Nolan." 

5. Same to the same. " Recommend O'Brien, who is going to 
Court; and O'Rourke, who is not going." 

6. Same to the same. " Recommend Sir Donough O'Brien. Intro- 
duce O'Shaughnessy." 

7. Same to the same. " Recommend M'William to be Earl of 
Clanricard, not of Connaught." 

8. Same to the same. " Answer to the letter of March 5. Want 
money. Have let Claneboy to Travers instead of Niall Conallagh 
O'Neill. The ports. Subsidy. Dungarvan. Seals. Annoyance 
from French and Scottish ships. Grant to O'Toole." 

9. Sentleger to the Council of England. " Thinks it better to 
reform Leinster himself, than to entrust it to Ormond." 

10. "Abridgment of the requests of O'Brien, M'William, the Lord 
of Upper Ossory, Sir Donough O'Brien, and the Bishop of Clonfert." 

11. A note for the expedition of the noblemen of Ireland. The 
titles to be conferred on O'Brien and M'William. The Bishop of 
Clonfert to be confirmed in his Bishoprick. Sir Donough O'Brien to 
be Baron of Dunnobreghan. The lands to be granted to the Baron of 
Upper Ossory. M'Namara, O'Shaughnessy, and Denis Grady to have 
their lands of the King. Dr. Naylond's [or Nolan's] reward. 
O'Shaughnessy to have a Bishoprick for his kinsman Malachy 
Donocho, and the Bishoprick of Kilmacduagh for his son William 
O Shaughnessy. [In the handwriting of Secretary Paget.] 

12. Submission of M'William to the King. Solicits pardon, and 
requests to hold his lands of his Majesty. Subscribed W. B. 

13. Copy of the above. 

14. Submission of M'William, not identical with the above. 
[Printed as 1541, March, in State Papers, Vol. iii., p. 290.] 

15. Articles and Conditions, which M'William de Burgo or Burke 
Clanricard promised to observe and perform on his submission. 

16. Articles and conditions which M'Gilpatrick promised to per- 
form on making his submission [Printed as 1541, March, in State 
Papers, Vol. iii., p. 291.] 

17. Lord Deputy Sentleger to the King. " The fleet lying at 
Lambay does not intercept the communication between Scotland 
and France. Cork claims the privilege of selling enemies' goods in 
time of war. Lord Roche and the White Knight having been at 
war, are both imprisoned at Dublin, to reconcile them. Commends 
Desmond. Brabazon, and James Bathe, Chief Baron of the Exchequer. 
Repeats the proposal for a resident Council, the conversion of Christ- 
church, &c. Loss of records. Mines discovered by Agard. Hawks." 



June 5. 



18. Lord Deputy and Council to the Privy Council. " James 
Delahide and a gentleman of the Earl of Argyle's have been with 
O'Dounell, who has promised to come to Dublin. The Bishoprick, 
promised to his chaplain, is not yet granted. Commend Travers. 
Lords Poer and Dunboyne wish to go to Court." 

June 17. 19. Order of the Lord Deputy and Council: To restrain mer- 

Dublin. chants and others from selling munitions of war to Irishmen and other 

" foreign persons." Appointment of John Travers, Esq., Master of the 

Ordnance, to take account of what store of powder, &c., remained in 

Ireland, and to apprehend vagabond gunners and other runagates. 

July 9. 20. The King to the Lord Deputy and Council. " O'Brien created 
Earl of Thomond, &c.; M/ William 'Earl of Clanricard, &c. ; Sir Do- 
nough O'Brien Baron of Ibrackan, &c. Grant to Lord Upper Ossory. 
De Burgh confirmed in the Bishoprick of Clonfert. Grants to Dr. 
Nelan, Sir Sida or Sheeda M'Namara, Sir Dermot O'Shaughnessy, 
Sir Denis Grady, Sir William Wyse, Francis Harbart, and Braba- 
zon. Records to be safely kept. Restitution of James Gernon." 

July 18. 21. Sentleger to the King. " Has settled differences between 
Kilmainham. Tyrone and O'Donnell. Has deprived them of all superiority, except 
the former in Tyrone, and the latter in Tirconnell. O'Donnell has set 
his brothers at large, and is to receive Lifford Castle from his son. He 
has surrendered certain rights in Tirconnell to the King, and will 
go to Court next year. His brother is going now." Incloses, 

21. i. Indenture of agreement and concord between Con O'Neill, 
Earl of Tyrone, and Manus O'Donnell, Lord of Tirconnell, for 
ending their quarrels, and determining the right to the territory of 
Innishowen. July 14. Latin. 

July 29. 22. The Privy Council in England to the Lord Deputy and 
Woking. Council. Signifying the King's pleasure that an Act should be pre- 
pared and passed by the Parliament for confirming to the Earl of 
Ormond the title to the earldom and the lands thereto appertaining. 

[July 29.] Clause of an Act 35 Hen. VIII., for James Earl of Ormond 
to inherit the dignity of Earl of Ormond, and a yearly annuity of 
101 [See 1536, May 1, Vol. iii., No. 21.] 

August. 23. The King to the Lord Deputy and Council. " Answer to their 
letters of May 15. Robert Sentleger to be Constable of Dungarvan. 
Sir Osborne Echingham, of Baltimore. The King's retinue to 
be punished by martial law. Commission for sale of wards and 
letting waste lands. Scots to be used as friends ; Frenchmen 
as enemies. To send a survey of Christchurch. Leave of absence 
to Sentleger." 

August 30. 24. Inquisition, specifying the lands and possessions of the Abbey 
of Tintern in the County of Wexford, and their respective values 



Sept. 10. 

Dec. 5. 



25. Lord Deputy Sentleger to the King. " The Lord Justice 
must be an Englishman. Alen and Brabazon are the only Eng- 
lishmen there. He proposes the latter as Lord Justice in his 
absence. Death of Sir John Whyte, Constable of Dublin Castle. 
To be succeeded by John Parker." 

26. The Lord Deputy and Council to the Privy Council. Cer- 
tify that Philip Roche, of Kinsale, goeth very well forward in 
building a fortress bordering on M'Carthy Reagh's country. The 
said Philip Roche to have his licence, for the importation of corn, 

[1543?] 27. List of the Privy Council in Ireland. 

Valor or extent of all the honors, castles, demesnes, manors, 
lands, and tenements, as well of the ancient inheritance of the Crown 
. as of the lands and possessions of the late Earl of Kildare and other 
traitors ; as also of the dissolved monasteries, abbeys, priories, and 
other religious houses. Also the value of the twentieth part of 
spiritual and temporal possessions of the clergy, the subsidies of the 
clergy and laity, and the tribute of the Irishry, &c., &c. Latin. 
[Ireland, Folios, Vol. iv., No. 2.] 

Jan. 12. 



28. Inspeximus of licence, dated at Walden, 1543, Oct. 12, per- 
mitting Sir Anthony Sentleger to repair into England, and directing 
the appointment of Wm. Brabazon Esq., Vice Treasurer, to be Lord 
Justice in his absence. 

Jan. 14. 29. Lord Deputy and Council to the King. For David Sutton, 

Dublin. a gentleman of the County of Kildare, who has rendered very 

acceptable service, to be appointed a member of the Irish Privy 

Council, and be allowed to purchase the lands of the Commandry, 

late of St. John's, called Tully. 

Jan 1 4. 30. Same to the same. Recommend John Travers, Master of the 
Dublin. Ordnance, now going to England, as a right honest man, most will- 
ing, forward, and diligent to serve. 

Jan. 16. 31. Same to the same. In favour of the bearer Walter Pepparde, 

Kilmainham. Farmer of the late house of St. Mary's beside Dublin. Pray 

that a licence may be granted to him to export corn and leather 

from England, in consideration of his losses sustained by pirates of 

Brittany in time of peace. 

Jan. 16. 32. Same to the same. For grant of two parcels of land on the 
Dublin. Marches of Leinster towards the Byrnes, to be made to the two 
brothers of Dr. Basnet, Dean of St. Patrick's. 

Jan. 18. 33. Ormond to the Privy Council in England. " Constableship 
Dublin. O f Dungarvan, Prisage of wines/' 

Jan. 20. 


34. Lord Deputy and Council to the King. "Answer to Ms 
letter of August. Wish Christchurch to remain as it is." 


' XL 

Jan. 35. Articles devised by the Lord Deputy and Council of Ireland, 

to be declared to the King by the said Lord Deputy, Sir Anthony 
Sentleger, on his repairing to England; chiefly recommending the 
reformation of that part of Leirister inhabited by the Kavanaghs,. 
O'Murroughs, Nolans, Byrnes, and Tooles. Plans for Government. 
{Copy from, the entry in the Council Book, 25 Hen. VIII., attested 
by Paul Davys.] 

March 24. 36. Lord Justice William Brabazon and Council to Sentleger. 
The Chancellor's " Altercation among the Irish Nobles, originating with O'Conor. 
The Lord of Upper Ossory still imprisoned. Dispute about the 
succession to Clanricard. And between O Donnell's sons respect- 
ing Litford Castle. Difficulty in sending kerne to England/' 

March 30. 37. Council of England to the Lord Justice and Council of 

Westminster. Ireland. "Reduce the order for kerne from 3,000 to 1,000 ; 500 to 

serve on the Borders of Scotland and 500 with the King." 

April 11. 38. Lord Justice Brabazon and the Council to the Privy Council. 
Dublin. Recommend the bearer Nicholas Bagenall, a military officer, now 
leaving Ireland, where he had served five years with great credit, 
to serve his Majesty in the French war. 

April 17. 39. James Earl of Ormond to the Lord Justice Brabazon. Details 
Kilkenny, certain seditious speeches by one John Arthur, of Limerick, uttered 
to the bearer Maurice Danyell against the King's supremacy. 

April 22. 40. Sir W. Wyse to Lord Deputy Sir Anthony Sentleger. The 

Waterford. bark with the King's treasure for setting forth the kerne chased by 

Britons. Bickering between Ormond's and Brereton's kerne ; some 

killed. Words spoken by John Arthur to the bearer Maurice Danyell 

against the King's supremacy. To lend his son some money. 

May ]. 41. Sir Con O'Neill, Earl of Tyrone, to the King. " Complains of 

Armagh. O'DonnelFs detention of Innishowen, &c., of the possession of Lifford 

Castle by O'Donnell, and of his not having a house near Dublin." Lat. 

May 6. 42. Ormond to the same. " Has raised his 100 kerne as directed, 
Dublin. and ] 00 in addition. Sends with them his nephews Lord Poer and 
Piers Butler. Offers his own services/' 

May 7. 43. Lord Justice Brabazon and Council to the same. " The kerne 
Dublin. are waiting for a wind. Placed under the conduct of Lord Poer. 
Their attendant pages." Inclose, 

43. I. Note of the kerne written for by the King, the number 
sent, and the number provided by the commandment of the Lord 
Justice and Council to supply some lack. 

43. ii. Complete muster roll, supplying the name of every officer 
and man. 

44. Copy of the above note of the kerne written for, &c., addressed 
to the Lord Deputy. 

May 7. 


May [7.] 45. Rate for transportation of 500 kerne into England. 




May 20. 

May 20. 


June 13. 



Nov. 25. 



46. Licence to Philip Koche, of Kinsale, to export 1,000 quarters 
of grain, viz., wheat, beans, and malt, out of England, and to sell 
the same in Ireland. 

47. Lord Justice arid Council to the King. " Report of Gerald 
Fitzgerald being in Bretagne, and about to land in Ireland among 
the McCarthys. Means of resisting him." 

48. Same to the same. " News that the French have collected a 
navy at Brest to land young Fitzgerald with 15,000 men in O'Don- 
nell's country, or at Limerick or Waterford." 

49. Rory O'More, Captain of Leix, to the same. States the ser- 
vices of his ancestors and himself. Complains of ill usage by the 
Lord Deputy, who behaved with partiality towards O'Conor the 
rebel, to his extreme prejudice. 

50. Lord Deputy Sentleger and Council to the same. " Recom- 
mend that a castle between Limerick and Waterford, heretofore 
a nest of thieves, be granted to Teig M'Brien." 

Dec. [11?] 51. Same to same. Have signed a certificate of certain lands, 
Dublin. of the value of 100 marks per annum, for Mr. Travers, Master of 
the Ordnance, in consideration of his surrender of the office of Ser- 
jeant of the Tents. 

Dec. 11. 


52. Same to the Privy Council in England. On the same subject. 

53. A note of the state of Irelande w th a dyvise for the refor- 
mation of the same. State of the five parts. The growing power of 
O'Conor. Proposition for the appointment of a standing force to 
curb the Irishry. 

VOL. XII. 1545, 1546. 

1545. 1545 - 

Feb. 26. 1. Sentleger to the Lord Chancellor Wriothesley. " Appre- 
Kiimainham. hended invasion from the Scots under the Lord of the Isles. Dispute 
between Tyrone and O'Donnell. Ormond will not fulfil his promise 
to give up, on fair terms, land on the Border of the Kavanaghs ; he 
claims great rights in Tipperary. Prisage of wines. Suggests an 
offer of the Garter to Ormond." Incloses, 

1. i. Sir William Wyse to the Lord Deputy Sentleger. Excuses 
himself for not repaying the galloglass money, which he could not 
procure through the arbitrary conduct of Lady Catherine Power. 
November 1. 

1. ii. [Baron of Upper Ossory] to the same. Meeting between the 
Earl of Ormond and O'More and 'Carroll ; also between the 
Earls of Ormond, Desmond, and Thomond. November 1. Lat. 




Feb. 26. 


March 23. 


April 2. 

April 14. 


April 14. 

May 4. 


May 6. 



1. in. [Baron of Upper Ossory] to the Lord Deputy Sentleger. 
Secret combination between the Earls of Desmond and Ormond, 
O'More, and others. November 11. Lat. 

1. iv. Letter, signed with initials, to his kinsman Sir William 
Wyse. It is impossible for the King's tenants to pay their rents 
without a sufficient protection from the extortions of Lady Catherine 
Power. December "2, Waterford. 

1. v. Sir William Wyse to the Lord Deputy. He has both 
^vritten and sent to the Earl of Ormond to levy the galloglasa 
money. Lord Power deceased. The Earl of Ormond and his sister 
the Lady Catherine Poiver ^vill be at Mothel beside Curragh More, 
where they intend an obsequy for the soul of Lord Power, where 
much devotion of meat and drink is prepared. The poor people 
are like to sing Requiescant in pace, but the more they cry the 
more sorrow increaseth. January 5, Waterford. 

2. Sir Osborne Echingham, Marshal of the Army, to the King. 
His wish to serve his Majesty in his wars with France. Should 
his services be considered more useful in Ireland, he requests a grant 
of the lordship of Dunbrody in exchange for the manor of Nether- 
hall in Norfolk, which he would surrender to his Majesty. Sends a 

3. Lord Deputy Sentleger and Council to the Privy Council. 
In favour of the bearer Henry Skarrett, a soldier, who has been 
severely wounded at the assault of a castle in O'Donnell's country. 
Recommends that he might be placed in one of the almshouses lately 
founded by the King. 

4. Privy Council to the Lord Deputy and Council. Signifying 
his Majesty's pleasure that some small Irish Bishoprick should be 
conferred on the bearer Mr. Patrick Macmohuna, one of his chaplains, 
on the next vacancy. [This ivas probably Patrick M e Mahon } after- 
wards Bishop of Ardagh.] 

5. Sentleger to the King. " Fitzgerald. Grant of lands/' 

6. Same to the Council of England. " Ormond's rights, who 
is well inclined, but would have no one so powerful as himself. 
Recommends a succession of Irish Deputies for limited periods. 
Ormond to be the first. Rumour that the Scots will invade the 
North, and be joined by Gerald Fitzgerald." 

7. Lady Eleanor O'Donnell to the King. " Sues for a pardon." 
Signs Alyanor Fytzgerald, although the wife of Manus O'Donnell. 

8. Lord Deputy and Council to the Privy Council. " Prepara- 
tions against invasion of the French and Scots. The Lord of the 
Isles has offered his services to Tyrone. Ask instructions as to him, 
and as to victualling a ship commanded by a Scot. Four ships of 
war, supposed Scottish, off Lambay. Recommend O 'Conor for a 
Viscounty, Lady Eleanor O'Donnell for a pardon, and John Gold- 
smyth, the bearer, for an increase of salary." 



May 11. 

June 4. 


9. Lord Deputy and Council to the Privy Council, 
land in Wexford to Sir O. Echiiigham. Have orderei 
cation of Cork and Kinsale. 

" Grant of 
ordered the fortifi- 

June 30. 


July 4. 


July 27. 

August 3. 


August 3. 


Defence of Dublin." 

10. Privy Council to the Lord Deputy and Council. "The Lord 
of the Isles will serve the King and annoy Argyle. He is to have a 
pension. The King will make O'Conor a Viscount. Pardon for 
Lady Eleanor O'Donnell." 

11. Lord Deputy and Council to the Privy Council. " Mer- 
chants complain of the arrest of their ships in Spain. Want to 
make reprisals on Spaniards, Flemings, and Genoese. Two large 
fleets of strange ships seen near the coast, steering southward." 

12. Same to the same. "Complain of leaseholds being seized by 
Ormond while the lessee was at Oxford, to the great discouragement 
of those who learn English." 

13. Lord Deputy Sentleger to the same. For a commission to 
the bearer, John Hill, to take up men and victual to equip three 
ships, with which he intends to cruize against the French and 
Scots on the Irish coast. Robert Sentleger's ship. 

14. Lord Deputy Sentleger to the King. " Sends a present of 

15. Same to the Council. In favour of Capt. William Loggan. 
His defence of his ship after the greater part of the crew had 
deserted. Incloses, 

]5. i. Certificate, by the Sovereign and principal inhabitants of 
Kinsale, stating the gallant conduct of William Loggan, Captain 
of the King's ship called the Murderer, which was captured by 
a French ship off Kinsale. July 6. 

August 3. 16. Sentleger to Paget. "Asks him to intercede for his removal 
Kilmainham. from Ireland. Sends a present, &c." 

August 11. 17. Same to same. For warrant to increase the salary allowed 

Kilmainham. to John Goldsmyth, Clerk of the Council, who has only 101. per 

annum. Bill for the pardon of Lady Eleanor Fitzgerald. Warrant 

for 30 fodder of lead in the late Abbey of Basing werk, in Wales, 

to be transported for the covering of Dublin Castle. 

August 12. 18. Lord Deputy and Council to the King. "The Lord of the 
Kilmainham. Isles is at Carrickfergus with 4,000 men, having left others to engage 
Argyle and Huntly. Want victuals. E. Sentleger keeps a private 
ship very usefully. Roderick M'Alister and Patrick M'Lean are 
come from the Lord of the Isles for money. 5001. advanced. Rode- 
rick M'Alister chosen Bishop of the Isles." 

August 13. 19. Same to the Privy Council. Arrival of the Scots under 
Kilmainham. the Lord of the Isles, at Carrickfergus. The measures they have 

adopted to furnish them with provisions. Require an immediate 

supply of money and stores from England. 



Sept. 5. 

Sept. 5. 
Oct. 10. 


Nov. 14. 


Nov. 15. 


Nov. 19. 



Jan. 5. 


Jan. 9. 


Jan. 10. 


Feb. 15. 



20. Privy Council to the Lord Deputy and Council. " M'Alister 
and M'Lean have agreed to articles on behalf of Lord M'Lean and 
the Lord of the Isles. The King will pay 8,000 of their men, and 
will aid them with 2,000 to be commanded by Ormond, under the 
Earl of Lennox. Money is coining for- Ireland/' 

21. Same to Sentleger. ''Instructions for levying the 2,000 men." 

22. Sentleger to the Privy Council. " Difficulty in raising the 
men. Hopes to ship them in 1 4 days. Travers and Fortescue to 
accompany Lennox at his desire. Bad quality of the arms." 

23. Lord Deputy and Council to the King. "The 2,000 Irish 
under Ormond have advanced to attend Lennox into Scotland. 
Praise of Ormond." 

24. Ormond to the Lord Privy Seal Russell. " Transmits a letter, 
intimating to him that he is sent on the expedition by the intrigue 
of Sentleger, with a view to his destruction. Sails on the morrow." 

24. i. Anonymous letter to Ormond, showing that he is sent into 
Scotland by policy of his enemies, that he may be cast aiuay. [Found 
at Goiuran. See 1546, Oct., No. 52.] 

25. Lord Deputy and Council to the King. " Lennox and 
Ormond have sailed with a fair wind for Dumbarton. Five or six 
large ships, supposed French, have passed northwards." Incloses, 

25. i. Names of such ships as arc pressed into Scotland, and 
are noiv advanced with the army under the Earl of Lennox ; also, 
victuals and munition. 


26. The Council of Ireland to the Privy Council. " Variances be- 
tween Sentleger and Ormond. The Council will investigate them." 

27. Mr. John Brereton to Secretary Paget. Death of Mr. William 
Sayntloo, Seneschal of the County of Wexford. Solicits to be ap- 
pointed to that office. 

28. Sentleger to same. " Begs him to suspend his judgment. 
Wishes to meet his accusers before the King in Council. W. Saynt- 
loo dead. Recommends Mr. John Brereton as his successor." 

29. Lord Deputy and Council to the Privy Council. " Forward 
letters from the Lord of the Isles. M'Alister, M'Lean, and others 
are at Dublin, and want money to proceed." Inclose, 

29. i. James JM'Conaill of Dunnewaik and Glinnis and 
apparent heir of the Isles to the Lord Deputy. His readiness to 
assist the Earl of Lennox. Names of his kinsmen and alliance 
Hequires two or three ships to be sent from his Majesty by the 
bearer Hector Dodson, being his pilot. January 24, Ardnamurchan. 




Feb. 20. 


Feb. 25. 


Feb. 26. 


Feb. 26. 


Feb. 27. 


Feb. 28. 


March 11. 



29. ii. Ewyne Allane of Lockheld to the Lord Deputy. The 
Lord Bishop of the Isles can show his services done to the King's 
Grace of England. Has taken preys from the Earls of Huntly 
and Argyle. Desires the Deputy to send his servant the bearer to 
the King for the munition and money promised to him. January 
30, Inverlochy. 

March 18. 

March 20. 


March 20. 

30. Orraond to the Privy Council. 
Is on his way to England." 

" Complains of Sentleger. 

31. Lord Deputy and Council to the same. "Send a list of the 
nobility and gentry fit to serve the King. Many Scots come, and 
need food and raiment. M'Alister and M'Lean still at Dublin/' 

31. i. Docket of Lords and Gentlemen most meet to serve the 

32. The Council of Ireland to the Privy Council. " They cannot 
end the controversy between Sentleger and Ormond. Contention in 
Waterford between the Poers and Desmond." 

33. Same to the same. Refer the complaints of the Earl of 
Ormond against Mr. Robert Sentleger, brother of the Lord Deputy, 
to their determination. 

34. J. Alen and Ayliner to the King. " State the cause of dis- 
sension between Sentleger and Ormond. Advise that a grave noble- 
man be sent to inquire into their grievances, and into the state of 

35. Archbishop Browne to the same. " Advises him to send for 
Sentleger and Ormond, and decide their quarrel speedily." 

36. Lord Deputy Sentleger to Secretary Paget. " Has received 
leave of absence. Will soon repair to England. The variance in 
Waterford is stayed." Incloses, 

36. i. Captain George Grenleffe to the Lord Deputy. Has cap- 
tured a French ship which had attacked him in Cork harbour. 
Certain writings found in the French ship, which is part of a 
squadron going to Scotland. March 1, Cork. 

36. n. Licence from Jehan Augo, Esq., Lieutenant of the Castle 
and Town of Dieppe, to Jehan le Gras, Captain, and others, of the 
ship called Le Petit Regnard, of 35 tons, to make war on the enemies 
of the French King by land and sea. 154>Q,Feb. 9, Dieppe. French. 

37. O'Reilly to the King. " Asks a farm in recompence for the 
expense of his kerne." 

38. The Council and certain Peers of Ireland to the same, 
testimony to Sentleger 's merits." 

39. Duplicate of the preceding letter, not signed. 




March 23. 


March 28. 


May 5. 


40. The Irish Chieftains to the King. " Praise Sentleger." Lat. 

41. Sir Thomas Cusake to Paget. " Ireland tranquil. Sentleger's 
departure deeply lamented. 

42. Chancellor J. Alen's " charges against Sentleger." 

43. The Privy Council to certain Members of the Council of 
Ireland. " Send questions to be secretly answered respecting 
Ireland." Inclose, 

43. i. Articles sent to divers of the Council in Ireland, to be 
answered in writing under their own hands. 

May 13. 


May 25. 


44. M'Alister and M'Lean to the King. 

" Wish to return to 

45. Lord Justice and Council to the 
favourably of Chancellor Alen." 

Privy Council. " Speak 

[Oct. ?] 

Tower of 

[August ?] 46. Sentleger's " Answer to J. Alen's charges." 
[August ?] 47. J. Alen's " Answer to Sentleger's charges." 

Sept. 24. 48. " Minutes of Council, with the King's commands : Mines. 
Mint. Chancellorship. Exchanges with Ormond. Prisage of wines. 
Vicegerent for the clergy. Judges' salaries. 'Resident Council. 
Council at Limerick. Martial law. M'Alister and M'Lean. Coin and 
livery. English habit and tongue. Reformation of Leinster. Arch- 
bishop of Armagh, Wyse, and Francis Harbart to be of the Council. 
Wm. Keting. Auditors. O'Conor. O'Mulmoy [O'Molloy]. Money." 

49. Walter Cowley, Solicitor General of Ireland, to the Privy 
Council. Has this day received the Lord Deputy Sentleger's letter, 
wherein he writes, that if Cowley can show that he is not the 
inventor of those matters which he had set forth foolishly, he should 
have the more favour at the King's hands. Desires their Lordships 
to send the whole book of articles to him and John Goldsmyth, Clerk 
of the Council of Ireland. Cantwell made the Earl of Ormond 
believe that he was not only disparaged, but also in the King's 
indignation. Ormond's sorrow with tears. Richard Nugent Or- 
mond's clerk. Cowley 's punishment cannot be long for his life 
weareth away. 

50. Same to the same. "Origin and causes of the dissension be- 
tween Sentleger and Ormond." 

51. Same to the same. Even at his coming now to sea from 
Ireland, the Chief Baron of the Exchequer and the Master of the 
Rolls advised him to recant and submit himself to the Lord Deputy. 
[This is but a postscript to the above letter, and written on the 
same sheet] 

52. Same to the same. His readiness to crave the Lord De- 
puty's mercy before all the Council in Ireland, and to repair into 
every shire and declare in open assembly his foolish " attemptate" 





Tower of 


, ~,~ VOL. XII. 


against him upon false informations. Certain articles of the Chan- 
cellor A] en's sending, drawn out upon view of the book which was 
sent, and other articles. Orinond was unkindly handled by Mr 
Eobert Sentleger. The very cause why the letter found at Gowran 
[inclosure in 1545, Nov. 15 ; ] was devised. Imperfect. 

Oct. ? 53. Walter Cowley to the Privy Council. The report of Cantwell, 

Tower of that the Lord Deputy Sentleger should compass to destroy Ormoncl. 
London. rpj ie jg^er found at Gowran was devised to save Cantwell harmless. 
Walter Cowley never bore malice to the Lord Deputy Sentleger for 
his father Robert Cowley 's sake. Desires to be imprisoned in some 
house of the Lord Chancellor Sir Thomas Wriothesley. W. Cowley 
was never privy to the letters found in Ross and other places. 
Catherine Coke, one of the Lady Sentleger 's gentlewomen, reported 
to Richard Fitzsimons, that the Lord Deputy hated Ormond above 
all men living. His wife and household in Ireland can testify 
how much he was grieved after his interview with Cantwell. 
Sentleger's words to 'Conor, " that hault prowde gentilman theiil' 
of Ormond accusith me for thy sake, but if thow wilt repair 
into England, thow shalt see part of ther ffatt necks strokin of." 
Cowley trusts that their Lordships' noble hearts will incline to 
show mercy on him whose sorrowful letters "cumith to your honour- 
able hands, amiddes your noble Joyfull ffeaste." [Ormond and 
James White, steward of his household, and many others of his fol- 
lowers were poisoned at a supper at Ely House in Holborn, on the 
17th Oct. 1546. Ormond languished till the 28th, Is it possible 
that this is the feast referred to above ?] 

Act of the Parliament of Ireland, granting to the King a 
subsidy of a penny per bushel on all salt imported into Ireland. 
[Ireland, Case A., No. 3.] 

54. Estimate of the receipts of Sir Anthony Sentleger, including 
his private estate, and of his expenditure as Lord Deputy of 

55. Proportion of munitions necessary to be sent into Ireland. 

56. Note of records and papers relating to Ireland remaining 
in the King's Majesty's receipt. 

57. Note as to the King being supreme Head of the Church, and 
for the Priors Sir William Weston, knight, and Sir John Rawson, 
knight, to be called after the surname of their parents according 
to the Act. 32 Hen VIII. cap. 24. 



March 6. 


April 7. 

VOL. I. 15471548. 


1. Joan Countess of Ormond and Ossory to the Lord Protector 
Edward Duke of Somerset. Objects to the imposition of 20s. upon 
every tun of her third part of the prize wines. Mr. Robert Sentleger declared to her that her late husband's ancient servants and 
tenants shall be put from their dwellings, and others appointed in 
their rooms. Ormond committed his son to Somerset's tuition and 
protection aldernext unto the King. 

2. Lord Protector and Privy Council to the Lord Deputy Sir 
Anthony Sentleger and Council. In answer to instructions declared 
to them by the late Dean of St. Patrick's and Henry Draycot. The 
King intends to renew their several commissions. Directions for 
the disposal of the ornaments of St. Patrick's. The Dean to have a 
pension of 200 marks. The exchange of monies. 

3. The King to the same. To charge the Vice Treasurer to forbear 
the payment of the wages due to William Cantwell and his man. 
Pensions granted to Piers Walshe, Oliver Nugent, and Owen Whyte. 
The Archbishop of Armagh, Sir William Wyse, and Francis Harbart 
to be of the Council. The Lady Cecile, daughter of the late Earl of 
Kildare, allowed to retain certain plate which belonged to her father. 
Grants to Harbart, John Parker, Walter Pepparde, John Goldsmyth, 
and others. Hugh O'Neill to have 10?. annuity, in augmentation 
of his living. 

4. Joan Countess of Ormond and Ossory to Mr. Cecill, Master of 
Requests. To induce the Lord Protector not to change his conclusion 
for the Abbey of Leix. Mr. Bamaby's suit therein would much 
injure her. 

Account of arrears of revenue arising from divers manors, lands, 
and tenements, as well of the ancient hereditaments of the Crown as 
of the attainted lands of Gerald Earl of Kildare and of the posses- 
sions of the dissolved religious houses for several years, ending at 
Michaelmas, 1 Edward VI. [Ireland, Folios, Vol. v., No. 1.] 

Sept. 29. Duplicate of the above. [Ireland, Folios, Vol. v., No. 2.] 

July 6. 


Sept. 29. 



VOL. I. 

Two rolls of accounts of Sir William Brabazon, Knight Vice 
Treasurer of Ireland, for seven years, from Michaelmas 33 Henry VIII. 
[Sept 29, 1541,] to Michaelmas 1 Edward VI. [Sept. 29, 1547,] 
inclusive. [Ireland, Folios, Vol. v., Nos. 3 and 4.] 

5. Book of the total of all the sums received by Sir William 
Brabazon, Vice Treasurer of Ireland, for seven years, being 
90,822Z. 7s. 


Sept, 29. 


[Sept.] Koll indorsed " An answer from Mr. Brasier to the articles of the 

accounts found faulty." [Ireland, Case A., No. 4.] 

Oct. 15. 6. The King to the Earl of Desmond. Thanks for good service 
against rebels. Offers " to have your eldest son to attend here upon 
our person, and to be brought up in our company." 

Oct. 24. 7. Privy Council to the Lord Deputy and Council. Thank them 
Hampton Court, for their service done. Direct that the garrisons be reduced to the 
old number of 500. Leave for Sir Edward Bellyngham to repair to 
England. If O'Conor come in, he is to make a simple submission. 

Nov. 2. 8. Same to the same. To place the retinue on the Borders. The 
Shene. Lord Deputy to remain near them ; to cause nightly watch to be 
kept. If the rebels increase, to make truce with them, and to accept 
of their submissions, except O'Conor. 

Dec. 1. 9. Same to Sir Edward Bellyngham. To stay his journey to 
Somerset Place. England, and content himself to remain still for a season in Ireland. 
Report that Garret [Fitzgerald] has returned to Ireland. 

10. Device of George Browne, Archbishop of Dublin, for converting 
the lately suppressed Cathedral Church of St. Patrick's beside 
Dublin into a University, the church now called St. Patrick's to 
be named the Church of the Holy Trinity, and the college to be 
called Christ's College of the foundation of King Edward VI. 

1548. 1548. 

Feb. 25. 11. Edmund Butler, Archbishop of Cashel, to the Protector 
Kilkenny. Somerset. Has done his best for the quiet of the country since the 
departure of the Countess Dowager of Ormond. Bellyngham has 
opened the very gate of the right reformation. Commends Walter 
Cowley's earnest truth in declaration of abuses. His father died in 
England ; and Walter, after long durance, is now repairing thither. 

March 1. 

[Mallow ?] 

March 18. 

April 10. 


12. John Butler of Ardmaile to the Lord Deputy Sentleger. 
The White Knight refuses to appear before the Commissioners at 
Limerick to answer the charge of keeping the said John's wife and 
goods. O'Dwyer and his wife have agreed tc send a good horse and 
60 kine to maintain the White Knight. 

13. Dispensation to Peter Lewes, clerk, to hold the rectory of 
Mourne, co. Down, together with the office of chaplain to Sir 
Anthony Sentleger, K.G., Lord Deputy of Ireland. Latin. 

14. Thomas Lord Wharton to the Lord Deputy Sentleger. In 
favour of the bearer Cornelius O'Sheridan, Irishman, who has served 
well on the Borders about Carlisle. 



April 12. 


May 27. 


May 28. 


VOL. I. 

15. The King to the Mayor of Gal way. Announcing the recall of 
Sir Anthony Sentleger, and the appointment of Sir Edward Bel- 
lyngham, Knight, one of the Gentlemen of the Privy Chamber, to 
be Lord Deputy. [ A like letter was sent to the Mayor of Limerick.'] 

16. Anthony Colcloght and Brian Jonys to the Lord Deputy 
Bellyngham. Have delivered his letters to Cahir M'Arte Kavanagh, 
who refused to restore the prey, and denied that the thief was his 
man. He said he would no man to be hanged for stealing only, 
sticking to the Brehon law of restitution. They have got back the 
horse which was taken in Moryt Oge's prey. Sir Richard Butler 
did not come according to his proirise to answer on his part ; his 
examples are evil to all men, as taking of preys, bordrages, wounding 
of men by the night, and taking gentlewomen prisoners. 

17. Anthony Colcloght to the same. Stating that the bearer, 
Moryett Oge, was coming to submit himself, who complained of 
being ill-used by Watkin Apowell. 

18. Edward Plunket, of Rathmore, to the same. Informing him 
that he is charged with certain horsemen to answer the King's 
affairs, and requesting him to write to the Cessors of the barony of 
Kenlis and Lune to furnish him with carts as his predecessors had. 

19. George Deverus to Mr. John Axssame. Complaining of ill 
treatment from Robert Roche in presence of Sir Walter Brown and 
others, he being there to serve the King's writ ; and that Hamen 
Chever had been robbed of some horses he had taken in an hosting 
with Watkin Apowell. 

20. John Brereton, Esq., Grand Captain of certain soldiers, to the 
Lord Deputy Behyngham. Apologising for not waiting on him on 
his arrival in Ireland, being placed by the late Lord Deputy on the 
borders of Kildare, where every night or second night he is con- 
strained to answer the cries and watch fires, both on horseback and 
on foot. 

21. Mayor and Commons of Galway to the same. Congratulate 
him on his appointment. State that, by direction of the late Deputy 
Sentleger, they had raised an army of 800 men for 21 days, and 
borrowed money to defray the charges. The delay of the repayment 
has occasioned great distress. 

22. Freeholders of the County of Water ford to the same. Certi- 
fying that the Lord Power had, without right, cessed and distrained 
upon them six shillings upon every plough land, reserving all lands 
that hitherto have been free. 

June 18. 23. Henry Dillon to the same. It is now the time to carry out 
In the Newgate the device for a feat of war which he had recommended. Desires 
the loan of 10. to rescue him from prison, where he lies in irons. 

24. Edmund Lord of Dunboyne to the same. Teig ne Carrige 
Carroll, the Calough O'Carroll's servant, and O'Meagh's sons had 
preyed his manor called Fymoyn, and two other towns ; which 
they had done because he had discharged his men, according to 
his Lordship's pleasure. 

June 11. 


June 13. 

County of 
"W ateribrd. 

of Dublin. 

June 21. 





VOL. I. 

June 27 

25. Lord Deputy Bellyngham to Lord Dunboyne, in answer. 
Telling him that he lied falsely; for that he [the Lord Deputy] had 
not willed him to discharge any true men, but only malefactors. 

26. Mayor, Bailiffs, and Council of Cork to Sir Edward Bel- 
lyngham, knight, one of the King's Majesty's Privy Chamber and 
Lord Deputy of Ireland. Have sent the bearer, John Copinger, 
to the King to procure the ratification and confirmation of their 
grants and liberties. 

July 8. 27. Mayor, &c. of Youghal to same. A pirate named Smith had 
plundered some of their fishing boats ; they have captured him and 
other pirates ; request to know what to do with them. 

July 15. 


July 1 5. 


July 1C. 


July 1C. 

July 21. 


July 24. 

July 24. 

July 25. 

28. Same to same. Have received his letters by James Brown, 
which they will fulfil to their utmost power. 

29. Sovereign and Council of Kinsale to same. Had received 
his letters of the 14th July. All their men died of the pestilence, and 
they have a wide empty town, few men, and naughty neighbours. 
Their haven is stopped by Eagle's pirates, who will not suffer any 
victual to come to them. Now of late came one Richard Colle, 
a pirate, with a pinnace, and has married Barry Oge's aunt, and 
dwells in his castle, and will not suffer any to come to the town. 

30. Same to same. Will see that no soldiers or other persons 
leave the realm without special licence or sure passport. Request 
letters to be sent to M'Carthy Reagh, Barry Roe, Lord Courcy, and 
Barry Oge, commanding them to take the King's coin. 

31. Mayor, &c. of Cork to same. Have received his letters by 
James Brown, and will take as much care as they can that no 
soldiers take shipping to leave the realm. Many English adven- 
turers do much harm to them and the whole line of coast ; they 
haunt the haven mouth, and will be like enough to take them over. 

32. Mayor, &c. of Waterford to same. Have arrested certain 
persons out of a great Portugal ship and a Spanish bark whom 
they suspected to be pirates, and now send them to him under the 
charge of James Wodloke. Refer to Matthew Kyng, who heard the 
examination of the same persons. 

33. Sovereign and Council of Kinsale to Lord Deputy Bellyng- 
ham. Will make a strong fortress or bulwark for the defence of 
their town. 

34. Mayor, &c. of Cork to same. State of their defences. Arrival 
of a big ship at Kinsale from St. Malo, going to Galway with 
wine and to take 15 lasts of hides. John Tomson and his men 
taken. Richard Stevens, late constable of Dungarvan, killed by 
O'Sullivan Beare. 

35. Sovereign of Wexford to same. Stating that a merchant 
named Nicholas St. John had been robbed on the seas by John 
Olonye and Thomas Hapykan, of Fecamp, in France, to the value 




July 25. 

Gal way. 

July 27. 

VOL, I. 

36. Christopher Bodkin Archbishop of Tuam to Belly ngham. 
Had expected to see him in Galway. The fame of Bellyngham's 
proceedings is " divolgated " throughout all Ireland, to the great 
fear of misdoers and malefactors. 

37. Thomas Kyrwayn, Mayor, and the Council of Galway to 
same. Have received his letters of the 16th instant, and read to 
the people the proclamation about all kind of money, silver, and 
plate. They are unable to make any fortifications on account of 
their poverty. Importance of their city among Irish enemies and 
English rebels, being the key of all Connaught, and only succour of 
the King's army at all times. Their labour and travail night and 
day. They fear only by sea, for lack of great ordnance. Their 
neighbours will not receive the new coined money. 

July 31. 38. Mayor, &c., of Waterford to the Lord Deputy and Council. 
Waterford. Announcing the arrival of Tomson, the pirate, in their port, who 

threatens to do them mischief for the taking of his boy by Watkin 


July? 39. Lord Deputy Bellyngham to the Lord Chancellor Sir John 

Alen. To send letters to the Mayor and chief officers of Drogheda, 
requiring them to furnish certain men and munitions for the war. 

40. Same to the same. Desiring him to set a certain galloglas 
at liberty, and also a Captain of kerne, who was pledge for O'More 
and who would serve with Owen M'Hugh. 

41. John Brereton, Richard Aylmer, Francis Cosbie, and James 
M'Gerrald to Lord Deputy Bellyngham. The gentlemen of Kil- 
dare are willing to serve. The castle of Lea given to James 
M'Gerrald to keep, who requires two gunners at the King's charges 
with powder and shot. Redmund Oge, who kept Bealanour [Bally- 
nure] desires to have powder and shot. O'Conor, O'More, and 
Cahir O'Conor lie within three miles of Rathangan with 500 foot 
and 24 horsemen. O'Molloy and many galloglasses out of Con- 
naught will draw to them. 

42. John Brereton, Aylmer, M'Gerrald, and Robert Maneryng 
to same. Had appointed a meeting of the gentlemen of the country, 
and only fourteen appeared. Patrick and the Calough O'Conor are 
joined with O'Conor and Cahir O'Conor, and they all, with 
O'More, met at the Abbey of Kyllethe [Killeigh, King's County,] 
with O'Carroll, O'Molloy, and Omogowghegan, and had parleyed 
with the Lords and gentlemen of the country. 

Saturday. 43. Richard Aylmer to same. The Vicar of Rathmore has been 
Rathmore. i -with Shane M'Redmund O'Byrne, and his son Hugh M'Shane, at 
Glandelore [Glendalogh], who pray to be protected against Tibbot 
M'Morryshe, and others, of the Byrnes, who bear them displeasure. 

Thursday. 44,. John Brereton to same. On Wednesday night a number 

i dare. Q k erne came to Rathangan and burnt Raymond Oge's haggard ; 

they went from thence to Clancullen, and then escaped. Owen 



1 548. 


VOL. I. 

M'Hugh's kerne lie by the Barrow side, far from us. Raymond 
Oge was much to blame to suffer his tenants to keep their garrans 
upon the bog so nigh the wood side. 

45. John Brereton to Lord Deputy Bellyngham. A messenger from 
Cormac O'Conor has been taken in the woods. The garrans that 
were taken from Raymond Oge have been conveyed away by some 
neighbours within the country. Has received news that four score 
kerne have come into the great wood. Has sent to Owen M'Hugh, 
and intends, with Mr. Mannering, to go abroad to-night. 

46. Francis Cosbie to same. Raymond Oge has sent word that 
Cahir O'Conor and his sons have gone to O'Conor and all their goods 
with them. Has sent to Mr. Seynttloo, and hopes to meet him to- 
morrow to follow the track of the said goods. 

47. Same to same. Cormac O'Conor is going to his father. 
Onno M'Hugh is taking pains. Requests a letter to James M'Gerrald 
to comfort him. O'Conor, O'More, Cormac, and Cahir, with a great 
company, and their goods are within three miles of Rahaman [now 
Rathhamman, in Meath.] 

48. Same to same. Report that the traitors had taken a great 
prey ; Onno M'Hugh followed them. Falsehood of the report. Went 
with Onno M'Hugh to meet Mr. Seynttloo. Refusal of the kerne to 
go two miles further than the castle of Lea. 

49. Same to same. Stating they had gone from Rathangan to 
Ballynure. Certain swine divided by the kerne and galloglasses at 
their coming to Claiibork. No man nor beast seen. 

50. Same to same. Sending intelligence that on "Wednesday 
night O'More with a large company came to the Barrow, and took 
100 kine, certain garrans, and many sheep, and that James M'Gerald 
and Cormac O'Conor followed after them, and so also Onno M'Hugh 
with his kerne. Conflict between O'More and Onno M'Hugh's men. 
White, a horseman of Cosbie's, slain. Requests that himself and 
James M'Gerald of Lea may be appointed to have the rule of the 
country where they dwell. O'More, like a jolly fellow, offered the 
kerne 6s. 8d. a fortnight to serve him, and to their gentlemen accord- 
ing to their degree. 

51. Same to Mr. Travers. Telling him that his spy had returned, 
and reported that the traitors had left the place they proposed 
going to this night, so he may keep his men at home. It is thought 
they are gone to the great wood in Leix. 

August 1. 52. Nicholas Bagenall to Lord Deputy Bellyngham. Requesting 
Carbery. thanks to be given to the bearer, Mr. Williams, for his honest pains 
at the rescue of the prey. He has satisfied every man at the Dengan. 
Mr. Seynttloo is contented. 

August 3. 53. Walter Pepparde to same. Stating that the bearer, Connell 
Kilkenny. M'Loughlin, had come to him because he would not be suspected of 
being concerned in the rebellion of Cahir O'Conor and his sons. 




The Governor. 



T - A o VOL. I. 


August 8. 54. Simon Geffre, Vicar of Dungarvan, and Thomas Floyd Chap- 

Dungarvan. lain, to the Lord Deputy Bellyngham. The Earl of Desmond has 

> a 7-j made all the Lords and gentlemen of Munster be obedient unto him, 

and has the most part of them following him at this hour. Desmond 

is plotting rebellion. Gentlemen preyed upon by Watkin Apowell 

threaten to burn Dungarvan. 

August 8. 55. Mayor, &c. of Drogheda, to Lord Chancellor Sir John Alen. 
Drogheda. The carters of Drogheda complain that the Sheriff of Uriel will 
only pay them for 30 days. They and their carts have been stayed 
by one Duke. They have only those three carts in Drogheda. 

August 9. 


August 8 ? 56. Patrick Barnewall, of Fieldston and Grace Dieu, Solicitor 
Wednesday. General and King's Serjeant, to Lord Chancellor Sir John Alen. Re- 
Grace Dieu. i a ti ve t the employment of the carts in Dublin, and to whom they 
had been assigned. 

August. 57. Lord Deputy Bellyngham to the Mayor of Drogheda. In answer 
to the complaint about the carts. He would rather they should 
remain unfurnished than he. Asserts that Duke's act was his. 
Money has been given to the "Chief Justice to pay for the carts 
what price shall be thought meet, and what the King has paid. 

58. Mayor, &c., of Waterford to the Lord Deputy. Certain 
Portingales have arrived with the Lord High Admiral's warrant for 
delivery of certain goods of theirs that had been seized under sus- 
picion of piracy. A servant of the Admiral's has since arrived with 
a letter of a later date, directing the ships and goods to be given up 
to him. Inclose, 

58. i. Lord High Admiral Seymour to James Walsh, Mayor of 
Waterford. To deliver up a bark lately belonging to Richard Coles 
[R. Colle ?], of Myneth, to the bearer, his servant, Thos. Wodloke. 
July 19, Sudeley Castle. 

58. ii. Same to same. That the Portugal ship that was taken by 
Cole and Butside, two pirates, and the Spanish bark that was in 
her company, may be given up to the bearer, his servant, Thos. 
Wodloke, and also the persons who were taken in them. July 23, 

August 10. 59. Mayor, &c. of Waterford to the Lord Deputy Bellyngham. 
Waterford. Particulars as to the taking of a ship named the Jesus, of Caleise 
[Cadiz ?], wherein one Edmund Roche was captain, with 55 men. The 
said ship enlarged to the hands of one Corneyles, of Calleise ; where- 
upon the said Corneyles and his associates took a certain balynger, of 
Waterford, coming out of England, and afterwards took a Portugal 
ship in the haven of Cork. The charges of this affair, including the 
pursuit of Tompson, the pirate, who took part with the enemy, have 
been 1,000?. sterling. 

August 13. 60. Stephen Lynche, Deputy Mayor, and Council of Gal way to 

Galway. the same. Have received his letters of August 3. They are able to 

withstand and resist any invasion by land by any Irishmen. Have 



VOL. I. 

not one big piece of ordnance to defend their haven from any power 
with great artillery that might come by sea. Their readiness to 
live and die in the King's quarrel and service. The Captain of 
Clanricard Sir William Burke, Knt. and M' William Burke, with the 
sons of Miler Burke, have wasted the country round about. Pray 
the Deputy to send letters to the Captain of Clanricard and M'William 
Burke, also to the Earl of Thomond and his cousins and sons, to 
surcease their strife, and also to receive the new coined money. 

August 13? 61. Lord Deputy Bellyngham to Sir Thos. Cusake and them of 
Kildare. Westmeath. He had appointed M'Donnell to bring with him forty 
spears [sparrs] besides their boys, who has brought six score. Their 
charges to be borne with the money of the cess, if it may be. Cusake 
to see the money levied for the galloglas upon Ferns and all other 
places that the Earl of Tyrone hath by his handwriting condescended 
unto. To let the galloglas Marshal go with them. To thank 
O'Reilly for his good conformity. [Imperfect minute.] 

August 14. 62. John Arthur, Mayor of Limerick, to Bellyngham. Had with 
Limerick, the sheriff received his letters by Edmund Sexten, that they should 
cause William FitzEdmund Burke, and John and Richard Fitz 
Theobald Burke, to put in their pledges to keep peace till his 
Lordship's repair into those countries ; which they had done. The 
said John FitzTheobald Burke has departed, being one of the 
pledges himself, without licence, accompanied with the said Edmund 

August. 63. Lord Deputy Bellyngham to the Mayor, &c. of Limerick. 
Thanking them for taking the Burkes' pledges, who, with others of 
their country, should be made to promise to live quietly upon their 
own lands, without exacting the country either with kerne, gallo- 
glas, or otherwise. Obstinacy to be punished. To follow the advice 
of Edmund Sexten, with whom he [the Deputy] has conferred. 

August 17. 64. Thady Duff, Mayor of Dublin, to Lord Deputy Bellyngham. 
Dublin. The beer ordered has been in readiness for eight days. 

August 18. 65. John Plunket and Thomas Alen to same. The beer brewed 

Kilmainham. j s 15 S . per hogshead ; Peter Smythe to send back the empty barrels, 

The soldiers in Dublin are likely to perish for want of food. This 

day my Lord of Dublin coming not to preach, as it was said, in 

Christ's Church, Mr. Water [Walker] virtuously supplied 

the room with good audience. 

August 18? 66. James Everard to same. Had delivered his letters to Sir 
Saturday. Thomas Cusake [see August 13] on our Lady Day [August 15?] 
' on> about the keeping of the country and cess of the galloglas upon those 
Irish captains North, which he empted from my Lord of Tyrone, as 
Magennis, O'Hanlon, M'Mahon, Bren O'Mogher and Ferny. Meet- 
ing of the Lords, the sheriff and Sir James Gerlon at the Navan. 
They have appointed 120 archers, 52 horse, and 60 kerne to meet 
in Trim ; P. Barnewall Lord of Trimletston appointed their leader. Sir 
T. Cusake has this day gone to the Plunketts to cause them to be ready. 


1548. VOL ' L 

August. 67. Lord Deputy Bellyngham to the Privy Council and the Mayor 
of Dublin. Upbraiding them for their negligence and disobedience in 
not furnishing the supplies necessary for the King's service. It 
were better the great substance of the harvest of the County of 
Dublin for this year were lost, than this purpose of cutting of passes 
in Kildare should be forslowed. [Minute, with Bellyngham s cor- 

August. 68. M 'William Burke, Captain of Clanricard, to the Lord Deputy. 
Professing fidelity, and requesting him to send by Alexander 
M'Donnell, Captain of the galloglas, letters to Gal way to supply 
him with force to act against young Eichard Oge Burke. Latin. 

69. Contemporary translation of preceding letter. 

August 19. 70. Lord Deputy Bellyngham to M'William Burke, Captain of 
Bridge of Athy. the country of Clanricard. Has dispersed Cahir O'Conor and his 
traitorous followers. Commands him to apprehend them if they 
should resort into his country. Cannot yet spare M'Donnell, 
Captain of the galloglas, whose counsel and advice "we much 
follow in the wars." 

71. Same to [James Hancock of] Dublin. Reproaches him for 
his wilful obstinacy, by which his Majesty was in danger of being 
disappointed of certain hawks and dogs for a nobleman in Spain, 
which he, the Lord Deputy, had promised. 

August 19. 72. Same to James Hancock, merchant, of Dublin. Pardoning 
Sunday. him for his folly and disobedience. [This James Hancock was 
Bridge of Athy. su b se q uen tiy } i n thi s same year, elected Mayor of Dublin.] 

August 19. 73. Thomas Walshe to the Lord Deputy. Has despatched hisbusi- 
Kiikenny. ness both at Waterford and in Kilkenny. Bequests conduct to convey 

the Musters of the towns through the country, Sir Kichard Butler 
* and Edm. Butler the Archbishop of Cashel not being nigh at hand. 

The Archbishop of Cashel was gone towards Cashel to commune 

with the Earl of Desmond. 

August ? 74. Patrick Sherlok to the same. Mr. Seynttloo has had an 
Sunday. engagement with Cormac O'Conor at Clowneygawno. O'Conor 
lies about Kyllymore, [Killimore ?] accompanied by O'More. 

August? 75. Lord Deputy Bellyngham to Francis Harbart. Upbraids 
him for supineness. If he and his neighbours will exert themselves 
they need not fear the malice of O'Conor and his adherents. 

August ? 76. Same to [Mr. Cusake ?]. Concurs in the service proposed by 
him. Large powers given to him to act against the enemies 
according to his own discretion. Mr. Seynttloo's victory gained 
over the rebels Cahir O'Conor and' his adherents. 



August ? 77. Lord Deputy Bellyngham to the Bishop of Westmeath. 
Concurs in his opinion as to O'Molloy. Requires him to give thanks 
to God for the recent victory over Cahir O'Conor and the rebels. 
[This 'minute, which is indorsed by Belly ngham's Secretary " To 
the Bishop of Westmethe," is probably intended for Florence 
Gerawan, the Bishop of Glonmacnois.] 

August 22. 78. John Goldsmyth to the Lord Deputy Bellyngham. Logan, a 
Dublin. Scotch pirate, appertaining of late to the Earl of Lennox, is hovering 
about Lauibay and the Head of Howth ; he has taken several 
vessels. Rowland White and John Parker offer to pursue him if 
they may have commission. White desires to have, besides his own 
artillery, " one fawcon of brasse, ij. dosson of Moryce pykes, and 
xl* sheaffe of arrowes/' which he will restore. Some of the soldiers 
returned home rail upon Mr. Scott, the Deputy's Gentleman Usher. 

August 27. 79. Mayor, &c., of Cork, to the same. Edmond Tyrrye, bailiff of 
Cork. Cork, claiming some lands which were withheld by certain of the 
Barries, was last week referred personally to the Lord Barrymore, 
in whose country the said Tyrrye " was murdrede by 23 foynes of 
an Irishe knyffe, geven hym in to the very hart/' John Tomson 
and other pirates set at liberty by O'Sullivan Beare for a large 

August ? 80. Lord Deputy Bellyngham to the Mayor, &c., of Cork. La- 
ments the murder of Edmund Tyrrye. Justice to be executed on 
the murderers. Will speak to the Earl of Desmond, on his repair to 
Dublin, to see them punished. 

August 28. 81. Thos. Walshe to the Lord Deputy. Had set forth the Musters 
Kilkenny, of the country towards the Fort Protector in Leix. Has delivered 
his Lordship's letters to the Sovereign, &c. of Kilkenny, who will 
send their men victuals for the rest of the thirty days. Mr. Butler 
is parleying with the Kavanaghs for redress of the matter of con- 
troversy that late chanced between Murrough Bacagh [Kavanagh, 
the MacMurrough] and him ; if they cannot agree, the said Murrough 
will attempt all the hurt he can against the County of Kilkenny. 

August? 82. Lord Deputy Bellyngham to Mr. Justice Thomas Houth. 
Requesting him to see Richard Burke of Clanricard obeyed in his 
country, and to hint to him from whence he derived, and was sup- 
ported in, his authority, and not to think it was by his own power. 

August? 83. Lord Deputy Bellyngham to Richard Burke of Clanricard 
[illegitimate son of the late Earl]. Advises him not to have a great 
idea of his own power, but to consider that it depends wholly upon 
the King. Justice shall be administered to both sides in the Gal way 
causes. The person he recommended, and who was employed as a 
messenger, has run away. 

August ? 84. Same to the Privy Council. Recapitulates service. A hosting 
for thirty days proclaimed before his coming. A conclusion to make 
a town in O'More's country. Mr. Seynttloo made Captain of the 




VOL. I. 

new Fort Protector or Governor, there. Revolt of Cahir O'Conor 
and his two ill-disposed sons with him, men here much doubted and 
feared. Mr. John Brereton sent to Kildare. The rebels entered the 
English Pale in the Borders of Carbery, and burnt, destroyed, and 
killed man, woman, and child. By chance, Nic. Bagenall, the Marshal, 
with abou thirty horsemen, met them. Mr. Williams, and as many 
as were archers, not past ten, lighted afoot, and rescued the prey, 
and killed ten or twelve of the outlaws. Mr. Seynttloo met with 
them in their greatest pride, and where they thought never English- 
man would seek them ; he killed many of their followers and slaves 
who earned their victuals and used them with such like as they had 
begun with us before. Mr. Brereton, Francis Cosbie, and Travers 
did good service. More woodkerne slain that day than the oldest 
man in Ireland ever saw. The Earl of Desmond has not as yet 
come in. Accounts and reckonings. 

85. Copy of the above. 

86. Thomas Barnewall to the Lord Deputy Bellyngham. For 
payment of the money which he and Sir Thomas Cusake had 
advanced for buying white cloth for the kerne. The Lord of 
Dunsany owes 71. lls. 4<d., prays Lord Deputy to compel him to 
pay it. 

87. Anthony Colcloght to the same. Murtough [Murrough?] 
Bacagh has promised that he and Cahir M'Arte Kavanagh would 

[Sept. 5 ?] 88. Lord Deputy Bellyngham to Anthony Colcloght. Does not 
see Brian Jonys's hand to his letter of Sept. 5. Warns him to be 
cautious how he receives persons on promise of submission. 

August ? 


Sept. 5. 


Sept. 5. 


Sept. a. 

Sept. 6. 



89. Matthew Kyng to Sir W. Wyse. One Brown, of Youghal, 
lately arrived from England, has brought the intelligence that the 
Earl of Desmond has the office of the Admiralty under the Lord 
Admiral's seal, and that the Earl shall execute the office from 
Dungarvan to Galway. Report that Sir Francis Bryan should be 
Lord President of Munster. 

90. Mayor, &c. of Waterford to the Lord Deputy. Have received 
an order from the Lord Admiral to deliver up to Francis Andreas 
the Portugal ship lately stayed by them. John Martyne, of Alicant, 
has written for the Spanish bark. 

91. Same to the same. For the speedy discharge of the prisoners 
suspected of piracy, who have behaved very ill in the gaol. Great 
expense of keeping and watching them. 

92. Lord Deputy Bellyngham to the Mayor, &c., of Waterford. 
Not to fear any danger for having apprehended the pirates ; will 
write to the Lord Admiral about them, and if it be thought good 
for ensample to others, they should be punished in England, the 
Lord Admiral will see the city's charges indemnified. To deliver 
the small boat to Matthew Kyng, and to do all other things com- 
prised in the said Kyng's commission for the works at Dungarvan. 



Sept. 13. 93. Mayor of Dublin to Lord Deputy Bellyngham. Sends him 
Dublin. seven tuns of beer. The makers of the same demanded 21. Irish per 
tun, but he has persuaded them to take less. 

Sept. 15. 94. Richard Baron of Delvin, and Sir William Brabazon to same. 
O'Kelly is conspiring to make war against the King. The Captains 
in the Annaly are ready to serve against the Kellys. Melaghlin 
Ballagh [Balbh] O'Madden, adjoining to Belletrawe, conducts 
himself well. Request the powers of their Commission to be ex- 
tended. [The signatures to this letter appear to have been cut off.] 

Sept. 16. 95. M'Houcq, M'Hobert, O'Hein, O'Shaghnisy, and other Free- 
Laghreaghe. holders of Clanricard to the Lord Deputy and Council. Complain 
that Richard Oge's sons, who had been appointed to govern till 
Richard Burke, son of the late Earl of Clanricard should be of 
age, had cruelly burned, spoiled, and killed their men, women, and 
children, these four years past. Pray that Commissioners may be 
sent to settle young Richard Burke in his inheritance. 

Sept. 17. 
The Koke. 

96. Richard Baron of Delvin to Lord Deputy BeUynghain. Had 
received intelligence that Connla M'Geoghegan was going to prey 
the lands of one of his servants ; has encountered him and slain 
O'Melaghlin and his brother Cormac Ballagh, with above thirty of 
their kerne, and taken three of the Dillons and a brother of O'Me- 

[Sept. 18.] 97. Lord Deputy Bellyngham to the Mayor, &c., of [Limerick.] 
Desires them to show better favour to Edmund Sexten and John 
Burke ; and also that they would elect the said Edmund Sexten to 
be their mayor. 

Sept. 22. 
Balle Clar. 

Sept. 23. 


Sept. 26. 



98. TJlick de Burgo [Burke], Captain of Clanricard, to the Lord 
Deputy Bellyngham. Complains of the conduct of Richard Burke, 
the illegitimate son of the late Earl of Clanricard, who has joined 
Oberyn [O'Brien] and other neighbouring enemies, and laid siege to 
his castle, throwing the whole neighbourhood into confusion. Latin. 

99. Thomas Agard to the same. Sends xijd, and as much in 
halfpence, of the first coined of that sort from the Mint. 

100. Robert Dillon to the same. The Baron Delvin has been at 
Athlone with a good number of horse and foot. The Baron has 
enlarged some of the Dillons whom he took, being with O'Melaghlin, 
yet he keeps the prisoners for Bellyngham's commodity, that is to 
say, O'Melaghlin's brother and one other good prisoner, all the horses 
and arms, which if they be well gotten by the law of arms pertain 
to Bellyngham as Lord Deputy. The brothers of O'Melaghlin who 
remain alive will do Bellyngham good service. They beseech to 
have their brother's goods which remain for the most part in the 
hands of Niall O'Melaghlin who murdered their brethren. The said 
Niall had of the said O'Melaghlin's goods by his own hands and his 
mother's, fifty marks ready money, many horses and cattle, and 
household stuff. Mall's tenants <ire still providing artillery for 




VOL. I. 

O'Conor. The said Niall as yet lieth sore wounded. My Lord 
Dillon's son, servant to Mr. Treasurer, has made two roads and 
brought back divers kine. Hugh O'Kelly lieth sore wounded. 
Bellyngham should have the third part of every prey. They have 
taken in Edmund O'Kelly and Brian O'Kelly. 

101. Thomas Alen to Bellyngham. Not to grant any further interest 
to Ralph Banbriche to live in Maynooth Castle. Hugh M'Shane 
O'Byrne with sixty kerne has eaten meat upon the borders of Boces- 
ton for four nights. Shane O'Byrne will come to Dublin on Thursday 

Sept. 29. 102. Same to the same. Being a duplicate of the preceding letter, 
Michaelmas with a postscript requesting that if any one should slander him, he 
Kii'heale ma y ^ e Brought face to face. Eecommends John Pierson to be 

Sept. 28. 


Sept. 29. 103. Statement of the arrears remaining in 
Sir William Brabazon. Vice Treasurer of Ireland. 

the accounts of 

Oct. 4. 


104. Lord Deputy Bellyngham to Cahir M'Arte Kavanagh. 
Stating that he had sent his mind to him by Art M'Donald. Mur- 
rough Bacagh shall receive every attention when he comes to him. 

105. Mayor, &c., of Waterford, to the Lord Deputy Bellyngham. 
On the complaint of Laurence Wodloke, who, in conveying victuals 
to the Fort of Leix, had been compelled to pay certain money by 
Martin Pellys of Athy [Athighe], contrary to the privileges of the 
City of Waterford. 

Oct. 6. ] 06. Robert Dillon to the same. O'Melaghlin is elected, and sworn 
' Kilkenny West, to be true to the King, but Niall detains his castle of Clonlonan 
Co. Westmeath. from ^ Hearg that Richard Burke has marr i e d the Earl of Tho- 

mond's daughter. Report that O'Kelly will submit. The passes 
beyond the Shannon will not be cut without his Lordship's own 
presence. Unkindness of the Baron Delvin, who causes his 
messengers to be so menaced that none dares go either to his 
house or with business towards the Lord Deputy. 

107. Richard Brasier to the same. 

Agard dares not for his 


Oct. 6. 

Dublin. declare the proceedings of the Mint to any man except the Lord 

Deputy. He will wait upon him with the Controller, on Tuesday 

next, at Maynooth. 

Oct. 11. 108. William Stridche, Mayor, and Council of Limerick to the 

Limerick. Lord Deputy Bellyngham. Answer to his letters of the 18th Sept. 

John Burke is no worse as hostage entertained than your honour 

willed by your former letters. Decline electing Edmund Sexten for 

mayor. , The bearer, Hector Arthur, will give further information. 

Oct. 15. 109. Robert Dillon to the same. Richard Burke says he will 

Kilkenny West, come with one thousand men to cut the passes beyond the Shannon. 

One pass lieth from Athlone two miles, and the pass in Leix is three 




Oct. 18. 


Oct. 21. 

Oct. 23. 


Oct. 24. 


Oct. 25. 


Oct. 25. 


Oct. 28. 


VOL. I. 

miles long, not very thick, but great wood mingled with small 
hazel. O' Kelly is in great fear. Niall O'Melaghlin has restored 
the castle claimed by O'Melaghlin. Hugh O'Kelly, who is Captain 
and Governor of the Great Pass beyond the water [Shannon] lies on 
this side, sore wounded by his brother Edmund. Brian O'Kelly, for 
whom the Treasurer has written, and this Edmund take one part, 
they themselves being poor men of evil disposition, " wiche comyttyd 
diverse malefattes affortyme to the Englishe Pale." Melaghlin Balowe 
[Balbh] O'Madden " beginethe to be prowde." 

110. Andrew Wise to the same. About payment of all the gar- 
risons' wages, the galloglas to be paid no longer than to the 20th 
Oct. Requests that Mr. Agard may be allowed to issue some of 
the new coin for their payment. 

111. Oliver Sutton, Sheriff, to the same. Transmits a letter from 
the Vicar of Rathmore, with information that Hugh M 'Shane had 
gone to Cahir M'Arte Kavanagh, and they had agreed to make 
a prey, and with it to get silk, saffron, and cloth at Kilkenny. 
Hugh M'Shane is very glad to come in to the Lord Deputy. Is 
going to Clonmore to see if he can take certain thieves. 

112. Mayor, &c., of Waterford to Sir William Wyse. Stating that 
David Power and James Goghe had arrived in their haven and 
desired permission to victual, which was refused them, and that the 
next morning they had robbed a Portuguese ship. No foreign ships 
dare come to their port for fear of the pirates. The ruinous charges 
they sustain in maintaining pirates in prison. Desire the despatch 
of the said prisoners, and a recompence of their charges. 

113. William Stridche, Mayor, &c., of Limerick to the Lord 
Deputy Belly ngh am. On the 23rd of October, Cormac Beg 
M'Kaery entered the Burkes' country with 150 men and burned three 
villages. Have written to the Earl of Desmond to stay them. 
Variance between the Earl of Thomond's children and Sir Donough 
O'Brien, Lord of Ibrackan. 

114. John Plunket and Thomas Alen to the same. Plunket has 
had communication with Sir Francis Bryan, and showed him that 
Bellyngham had left in his house " half tune wyne, tune beyre, and 
six fatt mertes to his welcum." Carts must be hired to furnish 
Bellyngham in the absence of his own. Provision at Kilmainham 
and Maynooth. The house of Maynooth " is in hast forthewarded, 
and wol be the fairest stable and garnell in Ireland." 

115. Mayor, &c., of Waterford to the same. Have apprehended 
the persons directed by his last letters, whom they send to his 

116. John Plunket to the same. Stating that Sir Francis 
Bryan required much to see his Lordship. Desires twenty -four 
hours warning before Bellyngham's return home. 



VOL. I. 

117. John Plunket and Thomas Alen to the Lord Deputy Bel- 
ly ngham. The desire of Sir Francis Bryan to see him. Bryan is at 
no small charge here at this present. The bedding of Maynooth is 
now at Kilmainham, and no provision there but all here. 

118. Francis Cosbie to the same. Stating that he had lent the 
gentleman, whom Redmond Oge had mentioned, some kerne, with 
which he went a journey and killed eight men, and took 100 kine 
and other goods. Edmund Faye and Onno M'Hugh are yet with 
O'Carroll, and get much goods from the traitors. 

119. Same to the same. Telling him that his men, Edmund Faye 
Captain of one hundred kerne and Onno M'Hugh, had come home. 

120. Sovereign and Council of Wexford to the same. In answer 
to a demand to send four lath makers ; there is only one in the town 
who can make laths. " As for all lathis ussid in our toun, we hawe 
them of the dwellers of the "Doffir and the corters ther aboute under 
the jurisdicione of Kayre M'Arte Kavanagh, MacMurrough." 

121. Lord Deputy and Council of Ireland, including Sir Francis 
Bryan, to the Privy Council. In favour of the bearer, a townsman 
of Wexford, who had been robbed of his ship and goods by French - 
men in February last. 

1 22. Richard Brasier to the Protector Somerset. Sending a decla- 
ration of money received out of England since the arrival of the 
Lord Deputy on the 19th May, to the 14th November, and other 
accounts. Brewhouses made in Leix and Offal ey. Somerset " to here 
the verytie of me a poure man. There was never Deputie in this 
realme that went the ryght wey as he [Bellyngham] dothe, bothe 
for the settinge forthe of Goddes worde to his Honour and to the 
wealth of the Kynges Hyghnesse subjectes." Promises to send the 
accounts of the Vice Treasurer for the last seven years ending 
Michaelmas 1 Edw. VI. 

Nov. 14. 123. Memoranda, partly in the handwriting of the Lord Deputy 
Bellyngham, relative to some of the accounts mentioned in the 
preceding letter. Mistrust of the untruth of Agard of the Mint. 
Indorsed, " A copy of a letter sent from my Lord [Deputy] to 
Mr. Agar [Agard]." 

Nov. 15. 124. Lord Deputy Bellyngham to the Baron of Dunboyne. Thanks 
Dublin. him for the kine sent, taken from the Calough O'Carroll. If it 
should be proved that they belonged to some other man, they 
shall be restored. 

Nov. 16. 125. Lord Deputy and Council of Ireland to the Privy Coftncil. 

Dublin. About some leases in question between Captain John Brereton and 

John Issam and Richard Deverus, servants to the Lord Protector 

Somerset. They have granted to John Issam the office of Seneschal 

of Wexford. 

Oct. 29. 






Nov. 6. 


Nov. 8. 


Nov. 14. 




Nov. 16. 

VOL. I. 

126. Lord Deputy Bellyngham to the Mayor of Dublin. Direct- 
ing him to be vigilant in his absence, and to see Mr. Seynttloo's in- 
junctions circumspectly executed ; also to restrain the liberal use 
of boats on the river. Mr. John Plunket to be consulted. 

Nov. 18. 127. Mayor and Council of Cork to Lord Deputy Bellyngham. 
Cork. Desire to know his further pleasure concerning the pirates, if 
they should apprehend them or kill them. The Lord Barrymore 
has delivered the murderers that murdered the King's bailiff to be 
put to execution. A great ship of Venice of 700 tons, with other 
ships of Spain, laden of malmseys and Spanish wool, have been 
driven into Cork harbour by stress of weather. All the lading of 
the said great ship of malmsey is to be given in gift to King 
Edward. Certain wild Irish, coming one night to make a prey near 
Cork, were met by Lord Barrymore, who was going to do the like 
on certain other wild Irish ; the Lord Barrymore killed eighty of 

Nov. ? 128. Lord Deputy Bellyngham to Harry Colly. As to giving 
[Before 2ist.] comfort to some party to submit himself. 

Nov. 21 


Nov. 21. 




129. Lord Chancellor Alen to Mr. Comptroller Sir William Paget. 
The bearer, Mr. Issam, has obtained the Seneschalship of Wexford. 
Report that the French King will advance young Gerald Fitzgerald 
with an army to Ireland. They say that they cannot keep Scot- 
land, but they must first have Ireland, and that the French King 
shall be King of Ireland or Michaelmas-day. The arch-traitor 
O 'Conor has simply submitted ; his life is promised him to give 
O'More hope to submit likewise. Alen would wish that none of 
them should be placed where they were before, but have honest 
entertainments at Boulogne or Calais. 

130. Same to the Protector Somerset. Report that the French 
King intends to send young Gerald Fitzgerald into Ireland with an 
army. Shows what disadvantage would ensue should the French 
land and fortify at Skerries on the main land directly over against 
Lambay, which is the only road in these seas for them betwixt 
Brittany and Scotland, being in their direct trade into the Frith of 
Dumbarton. James Delahide has landed, and by like is secretly 
with the Earl of Desmond. His advice that, in case O'More and the 
rest come simply to submission as O'Conor has, they should never 
be restored to their own lands, but have entertainment else- 
where. They be under the number of twelve that be causers and 
principals of all these rebellions. 

131. [Sir Wm.] Wyse to the Earl of Desmond. Has received his 
letters, and is glad to hear he is so conformable to the King in all 
his doings. Wyse is ready to be friendly to Calough O'Carroll if he 
submits. O 'Conor has already submitted. It is reported that 
O'More is taken by one of O'Molloy's [O'Mellie's] sons. 



Nov. 22. 

Nov. 23. 


Nov. 24. 


Nov. 24. 


VOL. I. 

132. Lord Deputy Bellyngham to the Protector Somerset. Re- 
quests him to peruse two long writings, one directed to the Lord 
Admiral Seymour which he has kept by him for three months, and 
thought not to have sent, the other directed to my Lord Great Master, 
which has been written this month. Commends the services of the 
military and other officers. Prays him to be good to the bearer, 
Mr. Issam, so that he may return the more speedily, for the im- 
portance of his office requires it. Incloses, 

13.2. i. Lord Deputy Bellyngham to my Lord Great Master 
of the Household, John Duddeley, Earl of Warwick. In answer 
to his Lordship's letters touching the exemption of the Mint 
from Bellyngham s rule. Reckons he should be privy to the 
King's treasure in the Mint, or in any other place in Ireland. 
He has neither bought house, land, fee, nor office, diced nor carded, 
nor otherwise lasciviously and riotously spent nor unworthily 
given the King's treasure, nor yet hidden nor lent what he has 
remaining. Agard spent 2,000?. of the Bristol coin, which he 
brought over, to his own use, besides the 1,000?. delivered to him 
for bullion. 

133. "Walter Palatyne to Lord Deputy Bellyngham. Prays him 
to help the bearer to some office in the Church. Great diligence had 
been used in the Book of Reformation which is made, and the 
suffragans have received it. Geo. Browne Archbishop of Dublin says 
it will be with his Lordship on the following Saturday or Sunday. 

134. Lord Deputy Bellyngham to O'Molmoy [O'Molloy]. Desiring 
him to do justice to the gentlewoman, the bearer, who still complains 
against him. 

135. Mayor and Council of Limerick to Lord Deputy Bellyngham. 
Have received his letters by Hector Arthur, the Court Clerk. Have 
endeavoured to pacify the contention among the Burkes. Send John 
Burke to him. 

136. Lord Deputy Bellyngham to Hector Arthur. Sending 
him letters open to the Earl of Thomond, which he" was to read, then 
seal them up and send them to the Earl. 

137. Lord Deputy Bellyngham to the Earl of Thomond, who had 
promised to bring the Calough O'Carroll to the Council. Expostulates 
on the conduct of the said Calough, who had not kept his promises. 
The Lord Deputy is determined to see the laws obeyed. 

138. Same to O'Carroll. Upbraids him for his idle excuses and 
fear to come to him. It is better for him to come late than not at 
all. " And where yow wold have answher in latyn, remember yow 
lyve under a englyshe kyng, whyche requirythe in so gret a cyrcut 
of countrey as yow occupy to have sum honest man whom yow 
myght trust to wryte your letters in englyshe, and I lykewhyse trust 
to expownde myn sent unto yow." 



139. Lord Deputy Bellyngham to . Thinks it better 

that his son should not be returned to him at present, for his own 
sake. Objects to write in Latin, which may be falsely expounded by 
deceitful friars. Imperfect. 

140. Same to Mr. John Issam. He is not privy to the right 
claimed by Sir Francis Bryan and the Countess of Ormond to have 
galloglas in holding in the County of Kilkenny. Directs him to pro- 
cure from the Lord Protector a letter to him [the Lord Deputy] con- 
firming his authority over the estates belonging to the young Earl of 
Ormond during his minority. Gives'his reasons for disliking of the 
coming over to Ireland of the young Earl. 

141. Interrogatories, probably prepared by Chancellor Alen, 
against George Browne Archbishop of Dublin, for neglect of duty in 
the government of the church, his alienations and leases in reversion, 
his "undecent" sermon in September 1548, and letters received by 
him from Irishmen. [Probably in Nov. 1548 ; they are in the same 
handwriting as 1550, July? Vol. ii. No. 53.] 

Dec. 2. 142. Maurice of Desmond to the Countess of Ormond and Ossory. 

Carrighilyne. Offering her his faithful service. " This is to showe your Ladishipp 

[Carngallen?] tliat j am no thi n g ag y e t promoted by my Lord my brother." If she 

has any place in those parts that would do him pleasure or good, he 

desires her to give him the same, and he will pay such fine as any 

other man living would give. 

Dec. 3. 143. Oliver Sutton to the Lord Deputy Bellyngham. States that 
Shane O'Folan, who was hanged at the Naas, confessed that Cantwell, 
servant to Morris FitzThomas, and another, had stolen the nine kine 
which were taken to William Tallon's house. The said Tallon has 
been indicted and confessed. 

Dec.? 144. Lord Deputy Bellyngham to Cahir M'Arte Kavanagh. 

Thanks him for his good conformity and constancy in the King's 
service as related by Cantwell. Is satisfied with a certain order for 
restitution. Shane O'Dore [O'Dwyer ?] to have in mind the King's 
general pardon. There is nothing to be demanded of any man for 
the death of any one's brother, kinsman, or friend. 

145. Same to [Hector Arthur ?]. Giving his opinion that any 
"man might lawfully take the prey of the malefactors. Marvels that 
he receixes no more certain nor frequent news from him. Hears 
that the Lord of Ibrackan was some time with the Earl of Desmond, 
and the Earl of Thomond's son had passed the Shannon to meet the 
Calough O'Carroll. Desires that henceforward such news be minutely 
reported to him. 

Dec. 6. 146. Same to O'Carroll. Sends him the copy of the answer sent 
Kildare. to the Calough O'Carroll. 

[Dec. 6.] 147. Same to the Calough O'Carroll. Interpretation of his words, 
that no man should hurt him from the day of his pardon. The 
Calough must put up with any mischance he may have met with by 




Dec, 6. 


Dec. 10. 


Dec. 1 5. 


Dec. 16. 


Dec. 19. 


Dec. 19. 


Dec. 20. 


Dec. 22. 


VOL. I. 

means of O'Carroll and Edmund Faye, between the date of his pro- 
tection and the time of his notifying it to the said O'Carroll and 
Faye. Unfitting words spoken by the Earl of Thomond's messenger. 
If the Calough and O'Carroll will repair together to Dublin, Bellyng- 
ham will settle their differences. 

1 48. Thos. Alen to the Lord Deputy. Has required the Constable 
and Portreeve of Gawron to provide for the coming of his Lordship. 
The Countess of Ormond and Sir Francis Bryan have removed from 
Callan to the Dammockes, within two miles of Kilkenny. 

149. Mayor, &c. of Waterford to the same. Have delivered the 
prisoners, John Goodier and John Kirby, to Thomas Wodloke, 
servant to the Lord Admiral of England ; the others remain in 
prison. Dearth of corn. 

150. William Strydche, Mayor, and Council of Limerick to the 
same. Have received his letters by William Burke. Have set at 
liberty the hostages of the said William Burke and his adverse party 
John Burke. On the llth instant Richard Burke, brother to the 
said John, preyed the said William Burke. 

151. Mathew Kyng to Mr. Payne or to Mr. Charles Hopton, 
Gentleman Usher to the Lord Deputy Bellyngham. Desiring them 
to forward his letter to the Lord Deputy, and also to let him know 
when his Lordship will be at Dungarvan. 

152. Lord Deputy Bellyngham to John Parker, Constable of 
Dublin Castle. To set one Quynny at liberty, and to see the money 
taken on him restored to the right owners. 

153. Same to the Earl of Thomond. O'Carroll fears his Lordship 
will send a power to aid the Calough O'Carroll to prey his country, 
in revenge of such hurts as O'Carroll did to the Calough before he 
was informed that he had obtained the King's pardon. Admonishes 
Thomond not to permit anything of the kind to take place. 

154. Sovereign and Council of Kilmallock to the Lord Deputy 
Bellyngham. To be favourable to their poor town, which is in great 
necessity and poverty. 

155. John Issam to the same. The King is in good health. 
All things go well forward in the Parliament House. They ex- 
tinguish all popish traditions. " Goodly orders be already devysed 
to stablishe the King's Majesty's roiaulmes in devine sarvice to 
be used in his churches, but there is great stycking touching the 
blessed body and bloode of Jesus Christe. . . . Parte of our 
busshopps, that have been most stiff in opynyons of the realytie of 
his bodye there, . . . now leaveth his body sitting on the right 
hande of his Father, as our common crede testyfieth, but yet there ys 
harde holde with some to the contrary." Issam was once called 
before the Lord Protector and the Council to declare the state of 
Ireland ; thinks he shall be called for again, and then get his 
despatch for Ireland. Sends certain letters of Mr. Knollys with 
certain little French books. 



Ardbraccan. 156. Edward Staple, Bishop of Meath, to . Particularizes 

the excessive hatred raised against himself among all ranks of society 
for preaching the Keformed religion, for which the people accused him 
of heresy. Fears for his life. Desires a chamber amongst the petty 
canons, which was Sir John Russell's. 

Dec. 29. 157. Robert Myagh, Mayor of Cork, to the Lord Deputy Bel- 
Cork, lyngham. States that Tamsin [Tomson ?] and Richard Stephenson, 
that was heretofore under Mr. Robert Sentleger, Constable of Dun- 
gar van, had arrived in their haven on Christmas-day with a ship 
laden with wines, figs, and sugar, offering to trade. Request to 
know if he should apprehend them or trade with them. 

Dec.? 158. Lord Deputy Bellyngham to the Mayor of [Cork?]. In 

answer, suggests that possibly Tomson and Stephenson may possess 
their pardons, and as it does not appear their goods are stolen, they 
may trade with them. 

Dec. 30 ? 159. Morysh FitzThomasto the Lord Deputy Bellyngham, on being 

Sunday, committed to prison by his command. 
Dublin Castle. 

Dec. 160. Lord Deputy Bellyngham to Hector Arthur. Sending him 

a letter unsealed, to be delivered to the Earl of Thomond, to the 
effect that the Earl should interfere to prevent a certain gentleman 
from making any attempt upon Dungarvan. [Minute.} Incloses, 

160. i. Sir Edw. Bellyngham to the Earl of Thomond. Under- 
stands that some displeasure has arisen between some gentleman and 
Watkin Apowell, and that the said gentleman intends, in " revenge- 
ment thereof," to draw a company of the Earl of Desmond's 
galloglas towards Dungarvan to do hurt. Commands Thomond 
to assemble his forces and resist the same. December. [Minute.] 

161. Lord Deputy Bellyngham to Edm. Butler Archbishop of 
Cashel. Desires him to prevent the gentleman pursuing any revenge 
upon Watkin Apowell for the prey taken by him, which he [the 
Lord Deputy] thought had been justly taken. [Minute, corrected 
by Bellyngham.] 

162. Lord Deputy Bellyngham to my Lord Primate George 
Dowdall. Exhorts him to be circumspect as well in acts as words, 
and to set forth " the playn, symple, and nakyd truthe." The way 
to do the same is to know it, which, with a mild and humble spirit 
wished, sought, and prayed for, will most certainly be given. Arch- 
bishop Dowdall to hearken for Bellyngham's return to Dublin, and 
to repair thither to the intent, consultation be had for the better 
setting forth the truth and obedience amongst the King's loving 
subjects. [Dowdall was afterwards deprived of the title of Primate 
of all Ireland for his opposition to the Reformation, which in after 
times led to many jostlings at the Council Board between his suc- 
cessors and the Archbishops of Dublin. See also Abp. Browne's 
letter of 1551, Aug. 6. Vol. iii. No. 45, and Croft's letter, 1551, 
Nov. 11. No. 64.] 


1548. VOL ' L 

[Dec.?,] 163. Lord Deputy Bellyngham to John Issam. Incloses a letter to 
be delivered to the Lord Protector, relative to the filling up of the See 
of Kildare, now vacant by the death of Thomas Miagh. " You know 
what pastors are here who came out of England, and how they lie 
upon the King's charges, which may from time to time be alleviated by 
giving them these promotions." The Earl of Desmond must amend, 
or it is neither for the surety of the King's royal estate here, nor 
honour, to defer the redress thereof. Bellyngham has resolved no 
longer to comport his detestable manners. 

[Dec.] 164. The same to Thanks him for his good con- 

formity. Has written to the Earl of Tyrone according to his 
request, and thinks that he will, as he has promised, desist from 
burdening him with any exactions. [Minute, in Bellyngham's 
hand, indorsed, " A copy of a letter to Edmund Sexten."] 

165, Edmund Faye to the Lord Deputy Bellyngham. Complains that 
when he was with his Lordship at Kilkenny, he sent some men for 
victuals to Clonlye, belonging to the castle of Baly Cadam [now 
Cadamstown], who had been there ill-used by O'CarrolTs brother 
and others of the O'Carrolls. [Dr. 0' 'Donovan explains that this 
Edmund Faye was one of the Anglo-Norman family of Fays, 
who were seated in the County of Westmeath ; the O'Fahys are 
Irish., and were seated in the County of Galway. Annals of the 
Four Masters, A.D. 1548, note. This Edmund Faye is often mis- 
called O'Fay, as in the Lord Deputy Bellyngham's letter No. 147.] 

166. Lord Deputy Bellyngham to the Lord Admiral Seymour. His 
sorrow that his long and tedious letters had given him offence. He 
is in like predicament or worse with the Lord Great Master of the 
Household, John' Duddeley, Earl of Warwick. Incloses, 

166. I. Bellyngham to the Protector Somerset. November 22. 

167. Lord Deputy Bellyngham to Cahir M'Arte Kavanagh, i.e. 
MacMurrough. Divers persons go about to make him believe -that 
these light persons who have misused Edmund Duff have acted at 
his instigation ; can hardly think it of him, and will not take it at 
his hand. 

168. The same to same. Is very willing to condescend to his 
request, yet thinks it good to respite the same till he knows surely 
whether right shall be done to Edmund Duff. 

Saturday. 169. Oliver Sutton to Lord Deputy Bellyngham. Had spoken with 
1W y 'Mr. Rowland touching Edmund O'Leyn and the company that are taken 
with him. Gives a bad character of Philip Pursell, who had killed 
Richard M'Shane Carragh. Sends a book of the names of gentlemen 
and their titles who appeared before his Lordship at Kildare. Mr. 
Rowland desires that this letter may be kept secretly for fear of the 
Lady of Ormond's displeasure. 





Co. Wexford. 


VOL. I. 

170. Andrew Brereton to Beltyngham. Had received his stipend 
at the rate of four shillings per day. Requests that his brother 
Edward may be appointed a petty Captain of his band of horse. 

171 Lord Deputy Bellyngham to Mr. Fytzwylliams, Treasurer of 
the late Monastery of St. Patrick's Dublin. Requiring and com- 
manding him not to go about to disobey the King's injunctions for 
godly and true order to be set forth in the Church. 

172. Gerald Dalton, Captain of his Nation, to Lord Deputy Bel- 
lyngham. Sending him a Captain of kerne, who had done the 
King diligent and true service in Ireland, France, and elsewhere. 

173. The Portreeve and Burgesses of Featherd to same. Complain 
of the Sheriff of Wexford, who had cruelly extorted coin and 
livery, wounding the portreeve and divers others with his sword. 

174. John Brereton to same. To grant to a certain poor priest 
a certain living which is situated among his friends, who are de- 
sirous of him to declare the true worship of God to them. Brereton 
promises that the said priest will study his books, and first edify, and 
then minister according to the order that shall be set forth. 

175. Walter Bermyngham of Milerstown to same. Complaining 
against one William Dynch, who had refused to victual certain 
kerne. Latin. 

176. Fragment of one of Lord Deputy Bellyngham's minutes 
No man in Ireland is able to resist the power of the King. 

177. Brian Jonys Constable of Carlo w to Bellyngham. Wyse, 
Mr. Robert Sentleger's man, has been here with the inventory of 
Carlow requiring money. Jonys reserves 14. 14s. Od. to pay work- 
men. The poor men who served Mr. Robert Sentleger doubt much 
their money. Has put one of the Keatings into the castle three 
miles off Carlow, which Gerald Sutton and his son have lately 
claimed. It belongs to the King by the attainder of Donnell M'Cahir 
who slew Kedagh O'More. 

Jan. 4. 


Jan. 4. 
The Liffer. 

VOL. II. 1549, 1550. 


1. Wm. Stridch, Mayor, and Council of Limerick to the Lord 
Deputy Bellyngham. Have received his letters by the hands of 
John Burke. Hector Arthur has shewn them Deputy's letter to the 
Earl of Thorn ond concerning the Burkes, whose variances, with the 
help of the Earl, they will endeavour to reconcile. 

2. Calough O'Donnell to the same. Hopes to meet him in the spring 
or the beginning of summer. Requests his aid against the Scots, 
who detain his pledges without just or reasonable cause. Latin. 




Jan. 6. 3. Privy Council to the Lord Deputy Bellynghani. Thank 
Somerset Place, him for the good condition of affairs. Sir Francis Bryan to be 
Lord Marshal of the Army. The simple submission of O'Conor 
cannot but tend to the King's honour. Wish that he would 
displace O'More from the rule of his own sept. The Dean of St. 
Patrick's to deliver to Mr. Agard 1 000 oz. of plate, of crosses and 
such like, tor the mint. The Dean of St. Patrick's allowed 20Z. for 
the safe keeping of the said plate hitherto. Francis Digby useth 
for his private commodity to bring over halfpence, and receives 
plate for the same Proclamation against buying plate. Digby's 
licence for transporting wools to be stayed. To be very vigilant 
that under colour of merchandise there be no train used by the 
French merchants to the danger of any part of Ireland. Earl of 
Tyrone to be aided against the Scots. Mr. Issam's patent. The 
Bishop of Meath to have a certain farm for 21 years upon surrender 
of his former lease. To take order for the surveying of certain of 
the Earl of Ormond's castles and holds upon the frontiers of the 
English Pale, presently in the occupation of certain mean persons 
who have not sufficient regard to the defence of them. Send certain 
proclamations against notable pirates to be published. The pirate 
Thompson. Sir Anthony Sentleger to enjoy his lands notwith- 
standing his absence. The mint to be continued till all the bullion 
is coined, and then to be closed. [Signed by the Protector Somerset 
and many of the Council.'] 

Jan. 6. 4. Henry Wise and John Moorton to the same. Deny that there are 
Fort Protector, many women of the country in the fort. There are none come since 
Mr. Seyntloo's departure. No persuasions of lightness in Christmas 
have been by them maintained. Watch has been duly kept. Mr. 
Seyntloo's letter to apprehend him who dwelt at the Shian Castle, 
with his sons, upon suspicion of burning of his corn. Henry Wise 
bailed two soldiers, who were in the Marshalsea at Shane O'Lalor's 
suit, upon sufficient surety, to get and occupy their irons for the safe 
keeping of the said Irishmen, having but three pair of bolts within 
the fort. No mutiny for victuals. 

Jan. 6. 


Jan. 8. 
co. Meatb. 

5. Anthony Colcloght to the same. Has apprehended Edmund 
Rewe a Wall, and sent him to the gaol of Ballyadams. 

6. Robert Dyllon to the same. That the report of O'Kelly and 
Cahir O'Conor besieging the castle of Brian O'Kelly was untrue. 
O'Kelly's son has restored the horses he took from Dyllon. The 
Lord Delvin had made a prey upon Clayn Head, which is a parcel 
of the Annaly, where he was wounded, and one cf the Nugents 
slain. Spoils done in the country since his Lordship's departure. 
Wishes he would appoint Thomas Barnewall to be Captain in the 
Barony of Kenlis. O'Ferral Boy's sons, dwelling in the Annaly, 
prey one upon another. John Wakley now being in England, has 
sent for the survey of the Abbey of the Navan, which he has in 

o 2 



Jan. 10. 


Jan. 10. 


Jan. 11. 


Jan. 15. 


Jan. 20. 

Jan. 25. 

Jan. 27. 

Jan. 31. 



7. Mayor, &c., of Limerick to the Lord Deputy Bellyngliam. Com- 
plain that a ship of this town, laden with wines, &c., had been 
wrecked on the coast of Wexford, and the goods plundered by the 

8. Mayor, &c., of Cork to the same. Have received his answer con- 
cerning Tomson and Stephenson. The people of the adjacent 
country have long traded for their wares. Some of their neighbours 
have been compelled to restore wares bought of pirates by divers in- 
quisitions made " here" by Shad well, the Lord Admiral's servant. 
Ric. Cole and Freeman have arrived. 

9. Matthew Kyng to the same. A Spaniard has arrived who 
claims the bark which he had given him to keep. Requests the 
loan of 20. to buy her of the Spaniard. 

10. Thomas Wodloke to the same. He desired the Mayor of Cork 
to apprehend Strangwytche and 15 more of Tomson's company. The 
Mayor was loth to make variance between Cork and the pirates 
without special commandment. They were refreshed with victual, 
and were making of ordnance within the city. Desires Deputy's 
letter to the Sovereign of Ross to liberate Bartholomew Smalwod. 

] 1. Same to the same. Stating that on the day his Lordship left 
Kilkenny one Ricard Lucar came from Cork, where the pirate 
Tomson was. The said Lucar had seen my Lady's servant Skyde. 
A Flanders ship has arrived, which had been spoiled at sea by an 
Englishman, who had slain one of her men and wounded five. 

12. Walter Cowley to the same. Certain offenders had come to 
Corbally, in Wexford, and stolen some kine belonging to Wm. 
M'Shane Mantagh. Proposes that some of the King's ships should 
be sent to put a stop to piracy ; that new forts should be estab- 
lished, and Presidents and Councils appointed in Ulster, Connaught, 
and Minister. Policy to be pursued for the complete reduction of 
Ireland ; the forts to be built, the persons to command them, and 
the forces to be raised for defence. 

13. Anthony Colcloght to Cahir M'Arte Kavanagh. To keep his 
appointment of meeting him on Thursday sevennight. Is appointed 
to reside at Leighlin Bridge. 

] 4. Mayor, &c. of Cork to the Lord Deputy Bellyngham. Remon- 
strating against Mr. Goldsmyth and his attorney, John Coppinger, 
having a patent to be gauger and searcher of their city, contrary 
to their charter. 

15. Lord Deputy Bellyngham to "one of Wassheford." Has 
received letters complaining of injuries done by Art Boy. Wishes 
the gentlemen of the county of Wexford would join together in good 
love and amity for the service of the King, and then they need not 
fear the oppression of any such as he. Has no mistrust but Art 
Boy will see the harms recompensed, for Sir Richard Butler has 
promised much in his behalf. 




Feb. 2. 


Feb. 7. 



[Bellyngham's secretary ?] to [Anthony Colcloght ?] To send away 
Mr. Roger's horse, if he be recovered of his disease. To prepare the 
house [of Leighlin Bridge ?] as much as in him lieth, " for his Lord- 
ship knowith of none other place to resorte unto this winter. 
[Draft on the back of the preceding. ] 

Feb. 1. 1(J. Anthony Colcloght to the Lord Deputy Bellyngham. Has 
Leighlin Bridge, arrived at Leighlin, where he has begun to work a very good quarry 
of slate, which will be useful for Carlow as well as Leighlin. 
Desires 6 pickaxes, 20 shovels, some ordnance, powder, and money. 
The country will be glad to show the utmost of their powers in 
furthering these works. 

17. Brian Jonys to the same. Has been to Leighlin to see the 
slate. Interview with Cahir M'Arte Kavanagh [MacMurrough] at 
Leighlin Bridge. The letters brought from Bellyngham pleased Cahir 
M'Arte much, but he complained of Sir R. Butler and Art Boy for 
following of old and unjust actions upon him. 

18. Ordinances of 12 July, 1541, for Munster ; also other Statutes 
made at Limerick by James Earl of Desmond, Edmund Butler, 
Archbishop of Cashel, John Travers, and Justice Thomas Houth, the 
King's Commissioners. No rhymer [poeta] nor other person what- 
soever shall make verses [carmina] or any thing else called auran to 
any one after God on earth except the King, under penalty of the 
forfeiture of all his goods. Also, no one shall impede the market 
nor throw any impediment in the way of any body taking goods 
and wares to the market but the governor of a town or castle. Lat. 

Feb. 13. 19. Anthony Colcloght to the Lord Deputy Bellyngham. The 
Leighlin Bridge, bearer, Wm. O'Broyn, offers to inhabit the Grove, and would do 
more but for fear of the Countess of Ormond. " Sir, I hawe sent 
you your horse, for heyre I cane nat gett no mete for hym, for I am 
glad to lede my hey frome Karlaght [Carlow] to serve Growbe, 
wiche commys here upon Monday next to care teymer [timber] 
. . . Sir, you shall hawe the fairest cabull here that shalbe 
within all Irland, and I trust a prattye hansume lowgine for your 
selft." Prays him to write to Shane Barry, Serjeant, to cause the 
country to help better than they do. 

Feb. 16. 20. Mayor, &c., of Waterford to the same. Send the prisoners 
Waterford. wno have lain long time in their gaol for piracy. Edmund Russell 
and another of them who are unable to travel will be sent by sea. 

21. Brian Jonys to the same. Talloun has come to Carlow, and has 
reported that Wakley is in Dublin with news that Sir Anthony 
Sentleger is to be Deputy, and Robert Sentleger Admiral of these 
coasts. Has not heard from Sir Richard Butler and Cahir M'Arte 
Kavanagh touching the wheat. 

March 1. 22. Harry Coldewell, Graver of the Mint at Dublin, to the same. 
Dublin. Sends a letter that tins day came to his hands. He is not allowed 
the SQL given him by my Lord Great Master. Has not one iron to 
sink in his office at this present hour. 

Feb. 27. 




TKA(\ ** 


March 4. 23. Thomas Scotte to Deputy Bellyngham. Requests for John 
Nugent the office of Searcher of Dublin, Laurence Hamond, the late 
officer, being in the Tower for treason compassed by the Lord 
Admiral. Desires the lease of Castle Lea for himself. Mr. Bolton 
and Thomas Hussher have promised to get him health, although he- 
finds little ease. 

March 8. 24. Walter Cowley, Surveyor, to the same. In behalf of Edmund 
Waterford. Yitz Davy, who wishes to have the lease of two villages in Leix. 
Fitz Davy is a nigh kinsman to Lewis Bryan. 

March 14. 

" The Greige 

by the Rians' 


25. Same to the same. Certain Irishmen of the Ryans came to my 
Lady of Ormond at Callan, and there would have made estate of some 
land to her and her children. Cowley declared that it would be 
evil taken if they should now cloke Irishmen's lands against the 
King, when he was ready to set his foot there. Sir Francis Bryan 
took it in good part, and much reproved my Lady therein. He 
said he " wolde not borrowe of the lawe as my Lorde of Ormond 
did." The said Ryans have since resorted to Cahir M'Arte. Has 
drawn a book of instructions to be given to Sir William Wyse, him - 
self and others. Incloses, 

25. I. Device by Walter Cowley for reformation of certain exac- 
tions in the country of Cahir M'Arte Kavanagh, who has made 
a very honest offer, which is meet to be embraced and well accepted. 
The counties of Kilkenny and Tipperary to be next reformed, and 
then to proceed further. Abolition of coin and livery, and substi- 
tution of other modes of revenue. Planting various jurisdictions 
under governors and captains. 

[March.] 26. Bellyngham to Tallon. Wills 
mend his conduct for the future. 

him to come to him, and to 

March 27. 27. John Brereton to Bellyngham. Has not been able to accom- 
Kildare. plish his letters, on account of sickness. 

[Mar.?] 28. Proceedings of the Lord Deputy upon Mr. Auditor's book of 
arrears of the King's revenue in certain counties, and the arrears 
due from the executors of the late Earl of Ormond. 

April 8. 29. William Duke to the Lord Deputy Bellyngham. Complains 
that Murrough Hones, Dermot Hones, James Hones, and Ross 
Hones, notable thieves and murderers, have found such friends that 
they are allowed to remain in Offaley instead of going into England. 
Sherlock and Cowley favour them. 

April 15. 80. John Moorton to the same. For license to setup a tan-house 
Port Protector. a t Fort Protector. Requests a gift of bark. The letters to be directed 
to William Duke. 

April 21. 31. Lord Deputy Bellyngham to the Lord Protector Somerset. 
The affairs of Ireland seem likely to be very great and dangerous, 
through foreign aid and. animation. The bearers, John Traver* 
and John Plunket, commended. 



1549. VOL ' IL 

[April 21.] 32. John Alen, late Lord Chancellor, to Mr. Controller [Sir "W. 
Paget]. It is not his custom to be a busy writer. Mr. Erereton 
sets Bellyngham against Alen. A tale ascribed to John Wakley, 
servant to my Lord of Warwick. Bellyngham is the best man of 
war that ever A3 en saw in Ireland. Wishes that Jupiter and Venus 
were as bountiful to Bellyngham as Mars and Saturn have been. 
Letters to the Lord Protector are not always kept secret. Bellyng- 
ham's personal conduct towards the Council is overbearing in the 
extreme ; telling them it would be a good turn for the King if they 
were all hanged. Alen's objections to part of the instructions sent 
by Cantwell, particularly as to letting the Irishry enjoy their liberties. 
The Scots and wild Irishmen contend only for liberty. The towns 
are incorporate upon condition that none of the Irish blood or nation 
shall be of their corporation. The precedent betwixt the English 
towns in Wales and the Welshmen. When Walter Cowley was in 
the Tower he declared things against the writer which when he 
gained his liberty he confessed to be untrue. The Surveyorship ; 
creation of additional Justices and Councillors, especially Walter 
Cowley. Indorsed by Sir W. Paget, " From Allen of Ireland." 

April 26. 


April 27. 

33. Sovereign, &c., of Kilkenny to the Lord Deputy. Had 
received his letters by Anthony Colcloght, and had, in compliance 
with them, warned all the priests of that country to appear personally 
before him and the Council, wherever the same shall be, on the 
following Sunday. 

34. Mayor, &c., of Waterford to the same. " Eche King of Englande 
that did cum into Ireland e did chose their place of chief refuge here 
in this citie, and the good happe of our predecessors have bene not 
onely ever to preserve theym selves unatwited of cryme against 
their Soveraigne, but have done in sondry wise notable service/' 
and in consequence they have had many privileges granted to them. 
Their intention of repairing their fortifications this summer. Have 
suffered greatly by pirates the last three years. The bearer James 

35. [Brian Jonys] Constable of Carlow, to the same. In conse- 
quence of Sir Richd. Butler building a castle at Garry n Denn, in Slew- 
marge, the people will not inhabit there, but leave the neighbour- 
hood. The country belongs to O'More, and not to Sir Richard. 
Jonys desires to enjoy quietly all that the King has in Slewmarge. 
Whale's claim founded on an old record brought over by Sir Anthony 
Sentleger and Baron Walshe, the Commissioners. All the profit 
Baron Lyster had through Slewmarge " yn hunnaye, corne, butter, 
catell, and munnaye, by the yere, came nott paste iiij nobelles yryshe 
and vd." Jonys desires the spirituality of Clowne and of Shrule 
(Shroyle), which hath but half an acre sown. 

May 8. 36. Dominick Lynche, Mayor of Galway, to the same. In favour of 
Gal-way. gi r Dermot O'Shaughnessy, an honest and good man, and made 
Knight by King Henry. Incloses, 




36. i. Sir Dermot O'Shaughnessy to the Lord Deputy Bellyngham 
and Council. Complains that Richard Burke, son of the late Earl 
of Clanricard, has burned his country and slain his tenants. 
Prays for redress. Latin. 

37. Necessary artificers desired by Mr. Travers for the furniture of 
the King's Majesties' Ordnance. 

38. Bequests by John Travers to the Lord Protector Somerset to 
have the constableship or keeping of the castle of Knockfergus and 
lands of the late St. Mary's Abbey by Dublin, and of the Hospital 
of St. John of Jerusalem. 

June 9. 39. Nicholas Bagenall to the Lord Deputy Bellyngham. Has 
Carlingford. received his letters of May 31. Piers Walsh had come to Carling- 
ford with 70 kerne and ought to have had but 50. Beceived his 
secret letter by the hands of my Lord of Louth. In Dundalk he 
met with the Lord of Louth, Sir James Garland, Bedlo, and the 
rest of the gentlemen of Uriel, who agreed to send labourers for 
the Newry, which will be a check upon the Earl of Tyrone. Car- 
lingford Castle and the Green Castle are in a wretched condition. 
Mr. Brereton and Mr. Brookys have great need of their wages. 
Bellyngham to induce Magennis to cut the great pass called Ballogh 
Enary. Peter Lewys can give further particulars. 

June [12.J 40. Anthony Colcloght to the same in favour of the bearer Shane 
Ballowe M'William, who requests a pardon for himself and his 
two sons. He has promised to be a good neighbour both to Carlow 
and this house. Knows " no theyffes that be come now in I-drone 
but I-dorght is full." 

June 14. 41. Andrew Brereton to the same. Two of the chief Scots of 
Down. -the Dufferin are taken at Knockfergus, and those that were the 
chief undoers of Lecale. John White, the heir of the Dufferin, 
who is like to be undone by the Scots, is an honest man, and ready 
to his power to serve. [White was slain by the Scots; see 1551, 
Nov. 18.] 

June 21. 42. Thomas Alen to the same. Complains that the number of 
Beiing. carriages and labourers for the works of Even have not been duly 
answered. Prays that there may be appointed 30 carts and 60 
labourers for the 6 weeks to come, besides the 120 labourers and 
15 carts granted by the county of Kildare. The five " clarances " 
retained these twenty days past have brought more wood for the 
lime kilns than forty of their carts. They bear the name of carts, 
but good cars would bring as much, " and wold to God, all car- 
riages laid by water." Has sent for sixteen more good masons into 
the country of Kilkenny and Tipperary, " whom hitherto I found 
always obedient and willing subjects." 

June f 22 ?] 43. Walter Cowley to the same. That old Sir John Grace may 

Saturday. not be deprived of the custody of a friary in Roscrea. Gives his 

olkenny. advice as to the occupation of lands, tithes, &c., for the King. 

Thinks it not meet that the Countess of Ormond should have the 

King's two parts of Ormond's lands at her liberty. 



June 23. 

June 24. 


June 24. 



44. Matthew Kyng to Bellyngham. Had been appointed with 
others to hear certain bills of complaint exhibited against Sir 
Gerald Fitz John and his followers. Sir Gerald appeared, but when 
he perceived that judgment was given upon the very persons who 
had offended, he went away in a rage, declaring that no matter 
should be ordered against any of his followers, and that he would 
himself make answer to the whole. Desires a larger commission. 
Another enormity is used ; when the Lord of a country is dis- 
pleased with any of his followers, he will imprison him, take his 
goods, and use him at his pleasure, without any order of law. 

45. Walter Cowley to the same, signifying the pleasure of the 
Marshal of Ireland Sir Francis Bryan and the Countess of Ormond, 
that James White of Clonmell and Nicholas Brown might have in 
lease the village of Lawleston. Requests Bellyngham's concur- 

46. Privy Council to the Lord Deputy and Council, in answer to 
remembrances sent by William Cantwell ; such of the Irish as are 
to be ennobled shall receive their honours at the King's own hands. 
The authors of vain rumours to be punished. The Earl of Derby ap- 
pointed to be ready with 1000 men to assist the Lord Deputy. 
The 300 footmen appointed to proceed to Ireland with Sir John 
Seyntloe stayed. To inquire what money is in the Mint. Restoring 
of lands in Leix and Offaley. To employ the pirates to aid against 
M'Donnell of the Isles. Suit of Cowley and John Plunkett. To 
consider of houses abroad in the country fit for the Deputy. Kildare 
and other bishopricks shall be filled up according to the Lord 
Deputy's recommendation. 

[June 2o.] 47. Walter Cowley to the Lord Deputy Bellyngham. On the 
Tuesday, direction of the Council that he himself and Mr. Attorney should in 
this journey put in execution ecclesiastical jurisdictions and abolish 
idolatry, papistry, the mass sacrament, and the like. It is ex- 
pedient that the Archbishop of Cashel should accompany them to 
serve the King, for his being with them shall do more good than his 
continuance in Dublin. Has been persuading with O'Brennan and 
his kinsfolks of the Brennans, and with O'Ryan and the Ryans, of 
whom he shall have for the King an honest portion of land for their 
offences. Interference of the Countess of Ormond in his proceedings. 
Report that her son the Earl of Ormond, and my Lord Marshal Sir 
Francis Bryan shall have all the King's two parts, to be disposed at 
their pleasure. Walter Pepparde's bargain for Kilkea. 

June 28. 48. Captain Walter a Poyll [ap Howell] to the same. The 
The Nenagh. dissension between the Lord Marshal [Sir F. Bryan] and O'Mahar 
for a certain prey. 

June 29. 49. Walter Cowley to the same. Has taken order for the 

Saturday, inhabiting of Shilleylle (? Shilelagh) the King's portion of Foert, 

nny- and a certain portion had of the Brennans, by Gerald M'Teig, 

and some of the Captains of the King's galloglasses of the Clan- 




after 2. 


donnells. They are to edify a chief manor place there, and to 
make that lordship pertain to the head manor ; a great part of the 
Great Wood of Fedorgh is parcel of this lordship, whereunto 
hitherto at rebellions outlaws have had their recourse, succour, and 
chief abode. Project for a bridge over the Barrow between the 
Abbey of Duske and Cahir M'Arte Kavanagh's country. Jealousy 
of the Marshal Sir Francis Bryan. 

[Dec. 19.] Account of the Vice Treasurer of Ireland of the receipts and ex- 
penditure of the Revenue of Ireland during the deputation of Sir 
Ed. Bellyngham, commencing on the 27th of May, 1548, and end- 
ing on the 1 9th of December, 1549. [Richard Brasier in his letter 
of 1548, Nov. 14, states that the Lord Deputy Bellyngham arrived 
on the 19th of May] Ireland. Folios. Vol. v. No. 5. 


50. Instructions from Lord Chancellor Alen to his brother 
Thomas Alen to declare to the Government of England. Their pro- 
ceedings since the departure of Sir Edward Bellyngham. Strange- 
ness of O'Carroll at their coming to Kilkenny. They allured 
Cahir M'Arte Kavanagh's wife to come to them. A displeasure 
betwixt my lady of Ormond and my lady of Desmond. Desmond 
came with us to the burial of the Lord Justice Sir Francis Bryan. 
Wish Desmond to have both thanks and some gift of apparel sent 
him from the King to animate him in his "well doing. Great com- 
bination of the wild Irish on account of the rough handling of them 
by the late Deputy. Hope of comfort and aid of Scots promised 
to the rebels by [Waucop] the blind Bishop who " came from 
Scotland owte of Rome." The Countess of Ormond's practice to 
marry with the heir of Desmond. Alen's remonstrance. Her 
honour first to have to husband so noble a man as she had, and 
after his death to have so noble a gentleman as this was, by whom 
she should enjoy an honest portion of living for little more than a 
year's pain. " So as in thende she promised me upon hir honor 
that she wolde lyve sole for oon yere." The new Deputy always 
dislikes to hear from Alen such advice as his knowledge of the 
country enables him to give. Prays for 100?. annuity and license 
to live in England. Imprisonment of Watkin Apowell for misde- 
meanors both by writing and deed. 

51. George [Dowdall] Primate of Armagh to Sir John Alen 
Knight, the Chancellor, and to the Council of Ireland, transmitting 
the letters sent to the Earl of Tyrone by the French King and by 
George Parys. An army of Frenchmen in Scotland ready to land 
in Ireland. The} T have 36 ships with as many Scots and Scottish 
ships. The blind Bishop [Waucop] at Derry : " he ys a very schrowth 
[shrewd] spy as I hyre say and a gret brewer of warr." 

52. Lord Justice Sir William Brabazon and Council to the 
Privy Council. "The wylde Yrishe begynne to be haulte and 
strange," hoping that the Frenchmen and Scots shall invade this 
realm. On the other side the King's natural subjects perceive that 

March 22. 


March 26. 



1550. VOL ' IL 

" the Kinge's fader with a fewe in nomber extinguysshed the traytor 
Thomas Fitzgeralde, being by parent ele of the greatest reputation 
and power here," and now the King our master has subdued 
O'Conor and O'More. Beg that O'Conor may be detained in 
England, considering how oft he has been an offender, and that no 
" reconcyliation coulde wynne, neither othe ne promyse staye him 
to absteyne from rebellion," and how this George Parys, who "hathe 
byn as appeareth by the saide letters inclosid, with the Frenche King, 
was his chieffe man, with whome nowe the said Ochonours sonne 
Cormocke ys Joyned bothe to explore the Frenche and Scottes 
intentyon for thexpelling of all englishemen oute of this Realme." 
Cahir M'Arte Kavanagh " hathe of late by tradymente atteyned 
the possession of the Castell of Femes," the chief garrison the King 
has in those parts being in the guard of Sir Richard Butler. 

52. i. Manus O'Donnell to the Lord Deputy and Council. The 
"blind Scottish Bishop [Robert Waucop latinized as Venantius] 
that is come to " erlonde was in owther plasys and contres afor he 
came to my contrey." Will not maintain the said Bishop in his 
country but at their wills. There came to Lough Foyle two great 
Lords Frenchmen out of Scotland. They sent a gentleman to 
speak to him [O'Donnell] but no letters, for they had knowledge that 
he sent to the Lord Deputy and Council the letters of credence that 
came to him in times past. They intend to do some great deed 
before Whitsuntide. The Galough O'Donnell took Hugh O'Donnell 
by a train of great falsehood and treason. Requests that the said 
Hugh may be set free. It cannot be proved that Manus O'Donnell 
ever drew Scots into this land. March 4, Donegal. 

52. ii. Earl of Tyrone to George Dowdall, Archbishop of 
Armagh, Primate of all Ireland. The blind doctor [Waucop] 
who calls himself Primate, came lately with certain French noble- 
men who brought him letters from the French King. They conferred 
many gifts on James M'Donnell [M'Gonnell] on gaining his 
alliance. Aenghus [^Eneas'] the brother of the said James came 
with them to Ireland. The said Aenghus had for them three 
castles in the Island of Eugenius, commonly called Inishoiven. 
Latin. March 7, Dungannon. 

52. in. Lord Chancellor and Council to the Earl of Tyrone. 
Thanks for his speedy information to the Archbishop of Armagh 
as to the coming of the French Ambassadors. Assure him thai 
the said emissaries only seek an occasion to invade the northern 
parts, and although they may pretend that they will only offend 
Englishmen, still their scope is to subject all Ireland to their 
control. Shovj how miserably the French had ruled in Italy and 
Sicily, from which on account of their innumerable oppressions 
and unspeakable wickedness they were justly expelled. Characterize 
their noblesse as fierce, proud, and rapacious, so that it were better 
to live under the Turk than under them. Latin. 1549-50, March 
1 7, Dublin. 



Ju]y. ? 





Sept. 27, 


Oct. 6. 


Oct. 21. 



53. Matters against Sir A. Seiitleger, Deputy of Ireland, preferred 
by Sir John Alen, Lord Chancellor. 

54. " The humble requestes of Sr Antonye Seiitleger touching 
his sarvice in Yrlande." These are his private requests previous to 
his going over as Lord Deputy. 

55. " Remembrances for Yrelande," with postils ; amongst others. 
O'Conor to tarry here for a time. Payment to soldiers and kerne. 
The mines to be wrought and the mint continued. It is necessary 
that letters be sent to the Earl of Desmond, the Earl of Thomond, 
the Earl of Clanrycard, to M'William, to O'Donnell or his son or to 
both, to O'Reilly, O'Kane and M'Quillin, and some remembrance 
either of scarlet cloth or some piece of plate, whereby they shall the 
more diligently be inclined to serve the King. Postilled, cups to 
be provided to the value of 100Z. 

56. Memorandum of things to be considered for Ireland. 

57. Instructions by the King and Council to Sir Anthony 
Sentleger, Lord Deputy, and the Council of Ireland. Regulations 
for the Church Service, the Revenue, the Mines of silver [at 
Clonmines, Co. Wexford], the Military. Leix and Offaley to be 
surveyed and planted. Leinster to be reduced. 

58. Similar instructions. 

59. Sir John Alen to the Privy Council on receiving his letters 
of revocation from the office of Chancellor, after having served 22 
years, ten years and a half of which was as Chancellor, and 20 as 
a Privy Councillor. Sends a messenger to receive his reward. 

60. Lord Deputy Sir A. Sentleger to the Lord Treasurer of 
England. Great dearth and high prices. Has visited the forts 
and found them full of disorder. Has sent for miners and smelters* 
from Derbyshire to work the mines. Desires the Bishoprick of 
Ossory, now vacant, for James Bicton his chaplain. Leighlin given 
to the chaplain of Sir John Travers. 

Gl. Sir J. Travers, Master of the Ordnance, to the Privy Council. 
Divers forts and castles require to be furnished. The bearer 
Matthew Skelton will transport the munition he desires into 
Ireland." Incloses, 

61. i. Schedule of munition necessary to be sent. 

62. Lord Deputy Sir Anthony Sentleger and Council to the 
Privy Council. State that they had prohibited the exportation of 
wool, tallow, butter, linen yarn, &c. from Ireland, as it only 
encouraged idleness. Request Richard Fyan may have the fee 
farm of a nunnery called the Hogges. Inclose, 

62. i. Yearly value of the site of the late suppressed nunnery of 
the Hogges, beside Dublin, being 91. 13s. 4(7. 




Oct. 28. 


Oct. 29. 

Nov. 10. 

Nov. ? 

Dec. 5. 


Dec. 10. 



62. n. Recognisance of Richard Fyan to erect and set up on the 
site of the nunnery called the Hogges, six looms of linen and 
woollen yarn, within one year after assurance of his grant. 
October 21, Dublin. 

63. Lord Deputy Sentleger and Council to the Privy Council. 
The Bishoprick of the Brenny [Kilmore] is now void. " And for 
that one John Bradye Clarke, a man borne in those parties, had 
by the late Busshopes tyme the same benefice conferrid to hym by 
provision from Rome, who nevertheles did not only surrender the 
bulles thereof to be canceled, but also withoute any his interrup- 
tion permytted the saide late Busshope quyetely to enjoye the 
same/' they [the Lord Deputy and Council] beseech the Council to 
be means to the King for his preferment to that see. 

64. Same to the same. Seconding the suit of Walter Cowley 
the General Surveyor for the lease of certain abbey lands to him 
and his heirs. He has given up his contention with Richard Kettyng 
for the farm of Kilclogan. 

65. " The extent and survey of the lordshyp and domynion of 
" Offaly with other the possessions and hereditaments late perteyn- 
" ing to Brene O'Connor, late Capytaine therof, whiche nowe are 
" seised in our Soveraign Lord the Kinges handys." " Taken before 
Waltier Cowley of Watyrford, His Highnes Generall Surveiour." 

66. Articles exhibited before Sir A. Sentleger, Lord Deputy, and 
the Council by Andrew Brereton against the Earl of Tyrone 
accusing him of divers treasonable practises. [For a particular 
account of this bill of articles see the Council's letter. May 20 
1551. No. 25.] 

67- Lord Deputy Sentleger to Mr. Sec. Cecill. Being sorry the 
Privy Council will not appoint his chaplain James Bicton to the 
vacant see of Ossory. Marvels " that Mr. Alen myne owlde freende 
hathe wrytten that he is not allowed to counsell here, but that he 
standethe at the dore emong servants." If the Privy Council shall 
give credit to his reports, Sentleger shall hardly please them. 

68. Sir William Wyse to his right honourable friend Mr. Cecill 
Secretary to the King's Majesty. "I am now enforced to seke 
upon nyu acqueyntauns al tho I take you for none of them as long 
as your worshipful fader liveth." To be good to the bearer his son 
Andrew Wyse. 

69. Offers of Gerald Aylmer, Sir John Travers, and others, for 
the inhabiting and cultivating of Leix, Irry, Slewmarge, and other 
possessions of the O'Mores, now wholly waste, paying an annual 
rent of 600?. Irish, and one nest of goshawks. 

70. Memorandum of certain artificers required for working the 
mines in Ireland. 



Jan. 19. 


Vol. III. 1551. 


Jan. 6. 1. Lord Deputy and Council to the Privy Council. To confirm to 

The Castle the bearer, Win. Shawe, the grant of the office of Auditor on the 

of Maynooth. Decease o f the late Auditor [Richard Brasier]. 

[Jan. 7.] 2. Articles for the expedition into Ireland. The fortifying of the 
havens in the south-west and the north, viz. Baltimore, Beare, 
Olderfleet, and the Ban. To have six ships, two or three rowing 
pinnaces, and 1000 men, of whom 200 to be pioneers, 100 artificers, 
and 200 mariners. [Probably the 'minute, of the expedition in- 
tended under Lord Cobham, and which Sir J. Croft was afterwards 
nominated to execute. This is stated in King Edward's Journal 
to have been appointed on the 7th of January.] 

3. Lord Deputy Sentleger to Mr. Sec. Cecill. Malicious reports 
raised against him. Doubts not the King's Majesty has now five 
thousand hearts more in Ireland than he had " at my repaier." His 
chaplain, James Bicton, is no papist ; no man within this realm has 
more set forth the King's proceedings than he. Is sorry the device 
for Leix and Offaley [late O'Conor and O'More's countries] is not 
like to take effect. The contention between the earls of Desmond 
and Thomond pacified ; the son of either given as a pledge. The 
coming of O'Doimell expected, whose son, the Calough O'Donnell, 
had been with him, Sir Anthony, nine days. The Earl of Tyrone 
called traitor. Such handling of wild men has done much harm in 
Ireland. Has caused the whole service of the Communion to be 
drawn into Latin. The city of Limerick has gladly condescended 
to embrace the same. Desires that his poor servant, William 
Jarbard, may resort to Cecill for knowledge of his mind from time 
to time. Has at large declared the misbehaviour used towards the 
Earl of Tyrone in letters now sent to the Protector Somerset. 

Jan. 26. 4. Privy Council to the Lord Deputy and Council of Ireland. 

Greenwich. Informing them secretly that Lord Cobham should be sent to the 
south of Ireland with a navy and army to put the port towns in a 
proper state of defence. In the mean time they may survey Cork, 
Kinsale, Baltimore, and Beare Haven. Further information sent by 
the bearer, Nicholas Bagenall. [Information had been received by 
the English Government of a projected invasion of Ireland by 

Jan. 31. 5. Richard Earl of Clanrycard to the Privy Council. He could 
Galway. not hitherto since the death of his father bear up head in Connaught. 
Resistance of his kinsmen and others of the Burkes. The whole 
country of Clanricard made waste to the gates of Galway. The 
Lord Chancellor Cusake has quieted all our contentions. Will from 
henceforth be able to serve the King with a band of men. To the 
intent the Lord Chancellor's conclusions may sink the surer in their 
hearts, Clanrycard has caused certain gentlemen to be hanged, drawn, 
and quartered, which was by so much the greater terror to the rest, 
that the like execution was never seen there before. 




Feb. 15. 


Feb. 18. 


Feb. 18. 


Feb. 18. 


Feb. 21. 


Feb. 21. 


Feb. 24. 


6. Proportion of ordnance and munition for Ireland. [See 
Travers's request for munition, &c., to be sent, Oct. 6, 1550.] 

7. Lord Deputy and Council to the Privy Council. Detailing the 
exertions of Sir Thomas Cusake, the Lord Chancellor, and Patrick 
Barnewall, Esq., Master of the Rolls, in the west of Ireland in paci- 
fying the dissensions among the great Irish families. 

8. Same to the same. Send John Goldsmyth, the Clerk of the 
Council, to detail the proceedings in the north. Great want of 
money. All things in such dearth as the like hath not been seen. 

9. Lord Deputy Sentleger to the Lord Protector Somerset. To be 
good to the bearer, John Goldsmyth, Clerk of the Council. John 
Parker is detained to victual and order his forts of Knockfergus and 
Olderfleet to resist the Scots of the Out Isles, who mind to make a 
descent. Parker cannot as yet repair to England to answer the 
variance between him and the two Bagenalls. Complains that he is 
restrained from the receipt of money out of the mint in Ireland. 
Trusts they may have money to serve their turns, and promises 
that there shall no service be slacked. The bearer, John Goldsmyth, 
can more amply declare the proceedings here. A bishoprick granted 
to one of his chaplains. Desires the deanery of Kilkenny for a 
scholar of the King's Majesty's at Oxford, called James Bicton, who 
was chaplain to the Earl of Ormond, and a born man of that 
country. [This James Bicton was likewise Sentleger' s own 
chaplain. See Dec. 5, 1550.] 

10. Lord Deputy Sentleger to W. Paulet, Lord St. John Earl of 
Wiltshire [and afterwards, 1551, Winchester], the Lord Treasurer of 
England. On the report of Lord Cobham coming to be Deputy, 
and Sir Wm. Seynttloo to be Lord Marshal ; remonstrating on his 
being restrained from drawing money out of the Mint ; 2,000. will 
not pay that is now due. Hears that Sir George Harper has 
obtained part of Langley Park. 

11. Martin Pirry to the Privy Council. Detailing the course of 
his journey in conveying the bullion and treasure from Holy head 
into Ireland. Account of 7,273. 18s. 3f d delivered to the warrant 
of the Deputy Sentleger, and coined from 1 Oct. to 31 Jan. 

12. Walter Cowley to Paulet, Earl of Wiltshire, Lord High Trea- 
surer of England. He sent a little book of his late proceedings by 
young Mr. Bryan, Leases of Leix, OfFaley, and other places, passed 
to divers persons. State of Ireland. Recommends that Commis- 
sioners should always be with the Earls of Thomond, Desmond, 
Tyrone, and O'Donnell. 

13. The King to the Lord Deputy Sentleger. Informing him that 
the proposed expedition into Ireland under Lord Cobham was 
deferred, but that Sir James Croft was sent to make the necessary 
preparations ; full credence and all possible assistance to be given 




Feb. 25. 

Feb. 26. 


14. Instructions to Sir J. Croft. To go to the Lord Deputy Sent- 
leger ; to view Cork and Kinsale and the ports adjoining ; to appoint 
places to be fortified ; to view Baltimore and Beare, and the havens 
between them and Kinsale, &c. 

15. Instructions for Richard Bethell sent, with two ships and a 
pinnace, with ordnance and munition, into Ireland. 

Feb. 27. 16. Privy Council to the Lord Deputy. Informing him that two 
Westminster, ships are sent to Waterford and Cork with ordnance and munition, 
and that Sir J. Croft was appointed to view and fortify the havens 
in the south. 

March 23. 


March 23. 


April 5 

April 12. 


April 24. 

April 25. 

May 11. 

May 20. 

17. Sentleger to the Privy Council. Remonstrating on being 
ordered to prepare to furnish Cork and Kinsale, and yet restrained 
from having money from the Mint. Has the sons of the Earls of 
Desmond and Thomond ready to send into England. Cause of the 
displacing of Andrew Brereton from his office in Lecale. 

18. Lord Deputy Sentleger to Mr. Secretary Cecill. Malicious 
reports. The bearer Andrew Wyse. Loss of eight or ten French 
ships, of eighteen that were bent towards Scotland, laden with wine, 
salt, and corn. It is said some of them had good store of money to 
pay the retinue in Scotland. 

19. Sir J. Alen to same. Refutes the evil reports raised against 
him by Andrew Wyse and others. He has bought but nine acres 
and a half of land during his twenty-two years of service. 

20. W. Crofton to same. Requesting him to thank the Lord 
Deputy for his kindness. Ireland in good quietness. 

21. Thos. Wood to same. Particulars of his journey in Ireland. 
Savage state of that people and country. 

22. Certificate of Sir Edmd. Peckham, High Treasurer of the 
Mint, of the sums paid by him for Ireland from the 1st of October, 
1550, to 25th April, 1551, to Sir Thomas Chaloner, John Rogers, 
Sir Francis Flemyng, Benjamin Gonson, Henry Buckley, John 
Chatterton, Mr. Cavendish, and Andrew Wyse " Treasourour of the 
Realme of Yrelande," being 11,544?. 19s. Od. 

23. Privy Council to the Lord Deputy Sir J. Croft. Had received 
his letters sent by Crofton and the plats of Cork and Kinsale, and 
the plat of Baltimore, sent by Rogers's man. Direct his proceedings 
in fortifications. To apprehend M'Carthy More and George Parys, 
if he can. 

24. Sir A. Sentleger, Sir James Croft, and part of the Council, 
to the Privy Council. Notifying the arrival of 1,000 soldiers from 
Bristol with 120 pioneers. Much distressed for money to pay them. 
The Master of the Mint is so destitute of bullion as he hath not 




May 20. 


May 27. 


wherewithal to furnish his ordinary charges ; but although there be 
here presently " an honest substaunce of woore (ore) drawen in the 
mynes [of Clonmines], which we think wolde make a good masse of 
bully on, yet, forasmuch as we be not authorized for thassay thereof, 
we forbeare to put it in ure, otherwise than the labouring for more 
woore/' Sir Anthony Sentleger governs but by Sir James Croft's 
advice till the patent for Croft's deputation shall arrive. As touching 
the mines, it is thought there be here of the King's English subjects 
that can as well reduce " the woore to mettall as the straungers, and 
also trye the sylver therof/' 

25. The Council in Dublin to the Privy Council. Reasons for 
displacing Andrew Brereton from his office in the north parts and 
placing there Mr. Sentleger, son of the Lord Deputy. Andrew 
Brereton had honestly served under his uncle in those parts. The 
Earl of Tyrone sent a certain force with two of his wife's brethren, 
young men, to distrain for rent owing by the Macartans, a sept of 
Irishmen bordering upon Lecale. Brereton set upon them and slew 
the Countess of Tyrone's two brothers and divers of their men. The 
said Brereton, to the intent to dwell in the College of Down, which 
one Prior Magennis had in farm, expulsed the said Prior from his 
farm. Prior Magennis was seized and put into the Castle of 
Dundrum by Roger Broke ; and a gentleman of the Macartans 
beheaded without any order of law. The Earl of Tyrone, with the 
Countess, his wife, and the Earls of Desmond, Thomond, and Clan- 
rycard resorted to Dublin last Michaelmas Term to welcome the Lord 
Deputjr, then newly returned out of England. Andrew Brereton 
called the Earl of Tyrone traitor at the Council Board. He spoke 
after the report of a kerne of M'Quillin's, who said that Tyrone had 
sent answer to the King of France that he would take his part against 
King Edward. Brereton has long served in Ireland, where his grand- 
father and kinsfolks deceased in the King's service. [It is remark- 
able that the signature of P. Barnewall, Magister Rotulorum, 
is appended both to this and the preceding letter dated from Cork. 
There lived at this time loth Patrick Barnewall, of Fieldston, Grace- 
dieu, and Turvey, Master of the Rolls, and Sir Pat. Barnewall of 
Trimletston, son of the Lord Chancellor Trymleteston, whose death 
is mentioned 1538, Aug. 5. This last Patrick signs the proclama- 
tion 0/1561, June 8, as " P. Barnewall, Lord of T.," but they were 
not both Masters of the Rolls. It is probable both signatures are 
genuine, and it is possible one may have been added to Sir James 
Croft's despatch after it reached Dublin, on the way to England.] 

26. Sir J. Alen to Sir W. Cecill. Had spent upwards of 100Z. in 
preparing to attend upon Lord Cobham. Suits, viz. 1. Grant of his 
pension and license of absence. His wife a Cheshire woman. 2d. 
The remission of a sum of 300Z. 3rd. For the renewal or reversion 
of his forms. He favoured Sir Edward Bellyngham's toe more than 
Sir Francis Bryan's body. His friendship for Sir Francis Bryan, 
who would have put the King to the expense of 40,000. when he 
was viceroy. 








July 10. 


July 14. 

July 18. 

July 25. 

July 27. 



27. Sir J. Croft to J. Duddeley, Earl of Warwick, Lord Great 
Master of the Household. Had received the Council's letters by 
Crofton, about Cork, Kinsale, and Baltimore. Thomas Greves. Gives 
his opinions on several points, previous to his assuming the office 
of Lord Deputy, particularly recommending the punctual payment of 
soldiers. 1,000 soldiers and 140 labourers arrived without any 
money to find them. Desires that Mr. Rogers may be employed 
for furtherance of the fortifications. Sir Ralph Bagenall has a 
place of charge and small entertainment. Waiting for his patent 
and instructions. 

28. Note of money due to the King out of such bullion as has 
been coined in the Mint in theCastle of Dublin, being 7,270?. 18s. 3f d,, 
and 5,372. 6s. 8^d Signed by the Lord Deputy Sentleger, Chan- 
cellor Cusake, and others. 

29. A declaration of the monthly charges of the officers' and 
miners' wages employed in the King's mines in Ireland, Robert 
Record, Esquire, being General Surveyor. 

30. A brief declaration of the accompt of Joachim. Gundelfmger, 
Captain of the miners, of all sums advanced for the mines till the 
despatch of the miners from London. 

31. Instructions from the Privy Council to Robert Record for his 
service to be done in the King's mines in the county of Wexford 
and in the Mint in Ireland. 

32. Instructions by the King to Sir James Croft, appointed 
Lord Deputy, and to others . appointed of the Privy Council 
of Ireland ; for the general government of that kingdom, more par- 
ticularly for the better regulation of certain offices, the fortification 
of certain havens in the south and north ; survey of the Crown 
lands ; to possess, survey, and let Leix and Offaley ; and to reduce 
Leinster to order, " wherein the Cavernaghs, Tooles, and Byrnes doo 
inhabited [Sir J. Croft entered upon his office as Deputy on the 
1st of June J] 

33. Council at Dublin to the Privy Council. In favour of the 
bearer, Roger Fyiiglas, for a lease of Moyleghe in Offaley, of which 
Henry Cowley, farmer of the King's manor of Carbery, had obtained 
the grant. 

34. Lord Deputy Sir James Croft to the Privy Council in favour 
of the bearer Robt. Yones ? for the reversion of the late nunnery of 

35. Lord Deputy Croft and Council to the Privy Council, in 
favour of the bearer Mr. Smith, who had been superseded in his 
office by John Moorton ; but had done good service. 

36. Same to the same, in favour of the bearer John Parker, who 
had been displaced from his charge of 100 men ; and that he should 
be repaid 200. by him disbursed. 

37. Lord Deputy Croft to the same, in favour of Giles Ovington, 
for the reversion of certain lands. 



July 28. 

July 28. 

July 31. 


July 31. 

July SI. 


Aug. 6. 

Aug. 10. 


[Probably soon 
after the above 


38. Lord Deputy Croft to the Privy Council, detailing his pro- 
ceedings from the 18th of June. Order taken for Cork, Kerry, and 
Limerick. Submission of M'Carthy More. His progress through 
Waterford, Ross, and the Kavanagh's country. Robert Record left 
at the mines. The bearer Mr. [Thomas] Wood. Incloses, 

38. i. Instructions given by the Lord Deputy and Council to the 
Earl of Desmond, Jerome Atwood, Humfrey Warren, and Giles 
Ovington, for the better ordering in the King's service within the 
Counties of Cork, Limerick) and Kerry. July 1. 

39. Instructions given by the Lord Deputy Croft to Thomas Wood, 
to be declared to the Privy Council, on various important particulars 
relative to the government of Ireland. 

40. Form of the oath of fealty to King Edward VI. to be taken 
by M'Carthy More's people. [Referred to in the 4sth article of the 
above instructions.'] 

41. An inventory of such stuff as the Lord Deputy received at 
his coming into Ireland. [This inventory is probably the one 
referred to in the l&th article of Wood's instructions,] 

42. Lord Deputy Croft to the Privy Council, in favour of Sir 
John Alen, who had long and meritoriously served. 

43. Copy of the preceding letter. 

44. Sir Ralph and Nicholas Bagenall to J. Duddeley, Earl of 
Warwick, Lord Great Master of the Household, bearing testimony 
to the good conduct of Sir John Alen, in the execution of his late 
office of Chancellor. 

45. Geo. Browne Archbishop of Dublin to the same. Accuses Sir 
A. Sentleger of papistical practices. Flight of George Dowdall 
Archbishop of Armagh. His writing " that he wolde never be 
bushope where tholie masse was abolished.'' The Archbishops of 
Armagh claim the primacy and " tytle of thooll realme, by the 
bushope of Romes bulles ;" Browne claims the same " by the Kynges 
Maiestie and his most noble progeny tours graunts and giftes." 
Commends the present Lord Deputy. 

46. Sir J. Alen to the Privy Council. Their letters of the 29th of 
January last, whereby they willed him, upon consideration of his 
experience and long service, to meet the Lord Cobham at Waterford, 
and attend upon him as a Councillor. Money defrayed by him for 
all my Lord Cobham's provisions. Thanks them " aldernext " the 
King's Majesty for his obligation for certain money which he had of 
the King at his return. Suit for the perfecting of the grant of the 
annuity of 100. promised him for license to pass and repass with 
his goods " out of this realm," and for the renewal of the leases of 
his farms for 21 years. [Original minute in his own hand- 
writing. .] 

47. Grant to Sir John Alen, late Chancellor of Ireland, of an 
annual pension of 200 marks, from Michaelmas in the year 1550; 
and license of absence to leave Ireland at his pleasure. Indorsed 
[Grant] of 200 marks to Sir John Alen, Knight, Chancellor of Ire- 
land, with licence of absenty " out of Ireland, Latin. 




Aug. 17. 

Aug. 17. 


Aug. 30. 

Aug. 31. 

Sept. 2. 

The Newry. 

Sept. 27. 



48. The King to the Lord Deputy Croft. Answer to his 
letters of the 28th July, and the instructions given to Thomas 
Wood. Directions in many important matters. Sends 16,OOOZ. 
Coinage to be made by Pirry. Leases of lands in Offaley. Objects 
to the formation of two councils. Cahir M'Arte Kavanagh to come 
into England^ soon. Suit of Elizabeth Duke, widow, late the wife 
of William Duke. Cantwell to have one of his ears cut off for coun- 
terfeiting of the hands of certain of the Privy Council, or to be 
punished by the laws of the realm, if they prescribe any punishment. 
Grant to Walter Cowley in fee farm of lands of the clear value of 
20. sterling. 

49. Lord Deputy Sir J. Croft to the Privy Council. Had dis- 
charged the Vice Admiral with the Hart, and detained the bark 
of Boulogne and the bark of Morlaix, which are meter for this coast 
than any other the King's ships. 

50. Lord Deputy and Council to the Privy Council. That the 
money may be at the same valuation as in England. The English 
merchants pay unreasonable prices for all kind of merchandise in 
Ireland, and utterly impoverish all the King's subjects. " Neyther 
ys ther any man presentely habull to ly ve apon his entertaynemente, 
but as we force the country, the contynuance whereof woll growe to 
a weryness." The present state of dearth is to be wondered at, 
every thing that was worth one penny is now worth four, and yet of 
all things there is a reasonable plenty. Walter Cowley of Waterford 
is not yet returned from Court. 

A brief declaration of the receipt and expenditure of 10,000?., 
commencing the 27th of May, 1551, with an estimate of what resteth 
unpaid, which shall be due 31st August, 1551, under the hands of 
Sir William Brabazon and Andrew Wyse. [Ireland. Folios. Vol. v. 
No. 6.] 

51. Lord Deputy and Council to the Privy Council. Acknow- 
ledging their answers to the instructions sent by Thomas Wood ; 
are now on their journey to the North, but will give their opinions 
for leasing of Leix and Offaley on their return. The Scots have made 
a prey in Claneboy ; and the ships which arrived at Knockfergus 
with our victuals, hearing thereof, " are gone to cut their passage, 
which we trust they shall do, if they take the sea." 

52. Thos. Cusake, Chancellor of Ireland, to the Earl of Warwick, 
minutely describing the proceedings of the Lord Deputy and the 
forces, who in a general hosting set upon the Scots under James 
M'Donnell (M'Connell) in Raghlin Island. Colla [Maelduv] 
M'Donnell the second brother to James, had a strong castle over 
the sea, named the castle of Keanbaan, which the Lord Deputy 
caused to be defaced. Transactions with the Irish chieftains O'Don- 
nell, Calough, his son, and Hugh O'Donnell, his second son. Con- 
tention between Savage of Arde and Hugh M'Neill Oge ordered. 
Sir Donnell Magennis to pay yearly 40 kine, and the finding of 80 
galloglasses. O'Hanlonto pay 30 kine and 40 galloglasses. M'Cartan 



1551. VoL> IIL 

to pay 20 kine and 30 galloglasses. A general order taken amongst 
all the Irish Chiefs, that they should have no more Scots in bon- 
naught. The Lord Deputy " dud make a shiref in Clanneboy,...and 
an other shiref in Arde, a contre next adyoyneng to the same." 
" The contre of Tyroon is brought throughe warre of the Erie and 
his sonnes (oon of them silves against other) to suche extream 
myserie, as there is nat ten plowes in all Tyroon." " Hundreddis 
this last yere and this somer died in the field throghe famen." 

Sept. 29. 53. Croft to the Privy Council. The bearer, Thomas Wood, has 
Kilmainham. b een through the whole of this journey. Has brought the Earl of 
Tyrone into the English Pale for ending certain variances between 
him, his son Matthew the Baron of Dungannon, and others. 

Sept. 29. 54. Instructions to Mr. Wood, to be declared to the Privy Council. 
The journey to the north ; the Scots ; the Earl of Tyrone's conduct ; 
money to be of like value both in England and Ireland. Leix and 
Offaley. The Earl of Desmond's office for the Treasurership of Ire- 
land. Augmentation of the Chancellor's fee, &c. Marshal Bage- 
nall's request for the Newry. Willingness of Magennis to further 
the King's service. [To the several articles of these instructions are 
postils in Cecilia hand declaring the resolutions taken.] 

Sept. 29. 55. Brief of the account of Sir William Brabazon, Knight, Ke- 
ceiver- General of the revenues, and Vice- Treasurer at Wars by the 
space of eleven years, ending Sept. 5 Edw. VI. The sum of the 
whole charge is 180,185?. 4s. 4d and half a farthing (q. di. q.) Sum 
of the payments, 167,740?. 9s. 4|d (ob. q.) 

Oct. 27. 56. Nicholas Bagenall, the Marshal, to the Lord Deputy Croft. 

Armagh. The bands of Cuffe, Gwillim, and Portas resorted to him to Armagh. 
To provide masons and labourers for the muring up of doors and 
windows in the Friars, for the better safeguard of the soldiers 
appointed there to reside. Coming of Felim Koe with 30 horsemen 
in his company, besides M'Mahon and Henry M'Shane, having 
three horsemen apiece in their company. They alledged that the 
Earl of Tyrone, at his coming home, would destroy their lands and 
countries, as he will in case he be not restrained. The Baron of 
Delvin's brother came with 25 kerne. The rest would not come, 
which is a good occasion for the Lord Deputy to put them out of 
wages. The Dean of Armagh [Terence Daniel] gives false 
information as to the distance of Shane O'Neill's country. The 
Baron of Dungannon declares himself, but the King's man, advances 
with but four horsemen in his company against Shane O'Neill on a 
hill, accompanied with 18 horsemen and 60 kerne. As he griped 
to have taken him by the neck a bough in the pass put the Baron 
from him and almost from his own horse. Nature of the instructions 
given by Tyrone to Shane O'Neill. Terelaughe Leuenaghe [Turlough 
Luineach O'Neill] and Shane be agreed. The Baron of Dungannon 
to be the umpire. The Baron of Dungannon desires to have half a- 
dozen men of Mr. Cuffe's band in household wages. Bagenall has 
sent his brother's company and Mr. Blike's to Uriel. [This was an 





Oct. 27. inclosure in a letter from the Lord Deputy to the Privy Council, 
written 30 Oct., 1551, not now in this collection. It is referred to 
in the draft of the letter from the King to the Lord Deputy, dated 
Nov. 26.] 

Nov. 6. 57. Lord Deputy Croft to the Privy Council. In favour of the 
Kilmainham. bearer Thos. Brown, who has served as a Captain in Scotland, and 
very honestly in France, and is desirous to serve in Ireland. 

Nov. 6. 58. Same to John Sutton Duddeley Duke of Northumberland. 
Kilmainham. J n favour of Thomas Brown. 


Nov. 6. 


Nov. 8. 


Nov. 11. 

Nov. 11. 


Nov. 16. 


Nov. 18 
Baron of 

59. Richard Kettyng to the Privy Council. The Council of Ire- 
land will not, in compliance with the King's letters, grant him a 
lease of the Castle of Ferns and Enniscorthy. Prays they may be 
granted to him by patent. His lands of Kilclogan and Ballycoke 
granted in reversion to Walter Cowley. 

60. Lord Deputy and Council to same. Giving their opinions that 
the Castle of Ferns and Manor of Enniscorthy were not meet to be 
granted to Richard Kettyng. 

61. Croft to the same. In favour of the bearer, Captain Atwood, 
for his painful service in Cork and Limerick, as a joint Commissioner 
with Captains Warren and Ovington and the Earl of Desmond. 

62. Lord Deputy and Council to the same. In favour of the 
bearer, John Bathe, for the office of Chief Chamberlain of the 
Exchequer, held by his father for many years, who is now impotent. 

63. Lord Deputy Croft to the Duke of Northumberland. That 
persons may be nominated to the sees of Armagh, Cashel, and Ossory. 
Recommend one Leverosse for learning, discretion, and good living 
as the metest man in this realm for Cashel or Ossory, and best able to 
preach both in the English and Irish tongue. He was schoolmaster to 
the young Lord Gerald Fitzgerald, of Kildare, and has had his 
pardon for conveying him out of the realm. Great misery by reason 
of the bad state of the currency. Knows not why this realm should 
have worse money than England. [It appears from this letter that 
G. Dowdall was stripped of his archbishoprick ; Ware says he was 
deprived of the title of Primate of all Ireland, October 20.] 

64. Lord Chancellor Cusake and Council to the Privy Council. 
In favour of the bearer, Captain John Wakley, in his suit for the 
reversion of the Abbey of the Navan, which he hath presently for 

65. Croft to the Privy Council. He sent Marshal Bagenall 
to expulse the Scots that had slain White, and inhabited the Duf- 
ferin. Recommends Sir Donnell Magennis to be created Baron of 
Evaigh. Incloses, 

65. i. Marshal Nicholas Bagenall to Lord Deputy Croft. Being 
accompanied by Edviard Brereton, Felim M'Neill Boy [O'Neill ?], 
Donnell M' Shane, Sir James Garland, Sir Donnell Magennis, 
Captain Gwillim, Mattheiu Baron of Dungannon, and Thomas 
Fleming, a gentleman of the borders, he proceeds against the Scots 





and Hugh M'Neill Oge, who succoured them, Mr. [John] Moorton 
drives the Scots' kine through Arde to Strangford, and so home. 
The Bishop of Dromore and Prior Magennis sent with letters and 
large offers to Hugh M'Neill Oge. Prey of Hugh M'Neill Oge, 1,000 
head of cattle taken. The Baron of Dungannon met with a hundred 
Scots at the entry of a ivood, who withstood him with shot of arrow, 
of ivhom he slew twenty, and brought their bows and arrows away, 
Intends to return to Belfast. It is very requisite for Marshal 
Nicholas Bagenall to be now in England. Nov. 11, Strangford. 

Nov. 18. 66. Lord Deputy and Council to the Privy Council. In favour 
Castleton in o f R o bt. Goodwyne, a poor old trumpeter. 


Nov. 18. 67. Lord Deputy Croft to the Duke of Northumberland. In 
Delvin. favour of the bearer to have the reversion of the farm whereon he 
now dwelleth. 

Nov. 22. 68. Warrant to the Treasurer of Ireland to pay to the Lord 
Deputy Sir J. Croft the allowance of 40 horsemen and 60 footmen 
over and above his ordinary allowance ; and to the Lord Chancellor 
an extra fee of 100?. per'annum. 

Nov. 22. 69. Privy Council to the Lord Chancellor Cusake. The King 
Westminster, hath a very good and favourable opinion of him, and the Council 
think the same justly conceived and well deserved. They have 
obtained an increase of his fee to the sum of 100Z. by the year, to 
begin at Christmas next, and also a gift of the site of the Abbey of 
Clonard with the vicarage of Kilbrenye and the parsonage of 
Kilbegan and Tyghenam. 

Nov. 70. Privy Council to the Lord Deputy. Advising him what line 

of conduct to pursue for the better government of Ireland. Religion 
to be cherished. The office of the Ordnance. The provision of bow- 
staves of the yew-tree growing in Ireland, and of shafts, chasing- 
staves, pikes, elms for planks, and iron. The lands and revenues to 
be looked into. Private suits in general shall be referred to the 
Deputy's determination. Have written to Mr. Record touching the 
change of the Almains, if they be not profitable to the King. 

Nov. 71. Transcript of the above minute, with an additional article 

referring to the lengthened answer in the King's letter to the 
instructions brought by Mr. Wood. 

Nov. 24. 72. Fair copy of the above transcript, with a still further article, 
recommending the suit of one Francis Lee for a lease of the late 
Priory of Killewgh, lying in Offaley [Killeigh, in King's County]. 

Nov. 73. The King to the Lord Deputy Croft. In answer to his 

letters and instructions of the 29th Sept., sent by Thomas Wood. 
The Earl of Tyrone to be sent into England, and his son Shane, if he 
can be had. The Baron of Dungannon to have authority in his 
father's absence. Will send over Martin Pirry shortly with a 
device for the improvement of the currency to a better proportion 





in fineness. The leasing of the countries of Leix and Offaley, and 
the governance thereof by two constables. They shall be 
erected into one or two shires, and divided into hundreds, cantons, 
or other parts. Courses to be taken for the suppression of certain 
colleges and chantries. Rowland Burke, the Bishop of Clonfert, to 
have the see of [Elphin] in commendam, and to serve as one of the 
new Council to be established in Connaught. Magennis to have an 
estate of such lands as he has justly in his possession confirmed to 
him, and thereupon to be made a Baron, on condition that he shall 
induce the people inhabiting within his rule to leave off their wild 
and savage rites and manner of living. The Earl of Desmond shall 
enjoy the office of Treasurer, with such preeminences and dignities 
as may stand with the surety of the State. An augmentation of 
100?. to be added to Chancellor Cusake's fee, to commence from 
Sept. 29, 1551. A further lease to - Plunkett of certain tithes 
and villages, part of the possessions of St. Patrick's and St. Mary 
Abbey, in Dublin. Resolution not to sell the King's lands about 
Dublin. The money to be reformed. 

74. Fair copy of preceding" minute, with subsequent corrections 
and additional articles, on receiving the Lord Deputy's letter of the 
30th Oct., inclosing Bagenall's letter of Oct. 27. Notable good 
service done by the Baron of Dungannon against his brother, Shane 
O'Neill. If Shane is likely to amend, and convert himself to his 
duty, he may still abide in Ireland. The Earl of Tyrone's faults 
do daily more and more appear. The Lord Deputy Croft to have in 
reward, of the King's liberality, 1,000?., to be taken of the treasure 
in Ireland, and to have 40 horsemen and 60 foot in wages. 

75. Privy Council to the Lord Deputy Croft. Questions and 
articles whereon he shall consult the Council and other wise men 
for the regulation of the standard of the Irish currency. Whether 
it be expedient that the King's money, current in Ireland, should be 
of such value as that in England ? Whether it be profitable for the 
King, but not for the people, or for the people but not for the 

Nov. 26. 76. Fair copy of the preceding minute. 

Nov. 26. 

Nov. 26. 



77. Same to Robert Record, desiring full information about the 
mines of Clonmines, from the time of his first having charge there. 

Dec. 21. 78. Lord Deputy Croft to Secretary Sir W. Cecill, thanking him 
Kilmainham. f or j^g friendship. Prays him to be good to his brother. 

Dec. 22. 

79. Same to the same. Much commending the Earl of Desmond 
for his conduct. Incloses' 

79. i. James Earl of Desmond to Captain Ovington, directing 
him to call Gerald the son and Maurice the brother of the said 
Desmond before him, to answer for the preys they had taken from 
Ou-cn M ! Garten and others the O'Mahon*. 





79. ii. James Earl of Desmond to the Lord Deputy Croft, com- 
plaining of Lord Fitz Maurice Kerry, who refused to acknowledge 
the Earl's right of the liberties of Kerry. Offers to entertain at his 
own cost the Chief Justice Luttrell, P. Barnewall the Master of the 
Rolls, or any of the Judges who can speak the language here, and, 
Barndby Scurlock being well learned, after the holidays to hear, 
examine, and determine all manner of causes within this liberty. 
Dec. 15, Tralee. 

Dec. 22. 80. Lord Deputy Croft to the Duke of Northumberland. The 
Kilmainbam. matter of the Earl of Tyrone. Thomas Wood's instructions touching 
the currency cannot be answered till after Christmas, Croft has 
nevertheless inclosed a small note of his simple opinion touching the 
same. Thanks for the reward of 1000., and also for being called to 
the King's Privy Chamber. Incloses, 

80. i. Opinion that the same reason that persuaded the Council 
to make the money fine in England should serve likewise for 
Ireland and other realms. The inhabitants of Dublin, Waterford t 
Limerick, Cork, and Drogheda called to debate how the dearth 
ivhich had suddenly risen in Ireland since the money was cried 
down in England might be remedied. The cause of the dearth of 
corn and cattle. The argument that money "is for none other use, 
but for exchaunge," and should be taken for the value proclaimed. 
" Ytfolloweth not . . that we sholde esteme any thing otherwyse 
" then reason wolde we did esteme it." " Yf we wolde use leade to 
" make armour or edge tooles, our labour ivere in vayne. Yf we 
" sholde use iron to make monney, it wolde .... ruste, 
" canker, break, and be fylthie." 


Jan. 12. 


Jan. 15. 

Vol. IV. 1552. 

1. Joachim Gundelfinger to the Privy Council. Why he has not 
written of their proceedings in the mines. The building of their 
workhouse at Ross [Co. Wexford] has not proceeded as speedily as 
he would like. Gerrot Harman and John. Antwarpe bearers. 

2. Assays made by Wm. Williams, assaymaster of the mint in 
Ireland, of certain coins minted at Dublin, Waterford, Trim, Lime- 
rick and Drogheda. A penny made in King John's time with a 
triangle and a face in it with a sceptre : on the reverse, a half- moon 
with a star in it. 

3. Abstract of the above, made at a subsequent period. 



Jan. 26. 



4. Lord Deputy and Council to the Privy Council. Leix and 
Offaley are still unleased. Propose the lands should be made free- 
hold instead of copyhold. The charge of the garrisons is above 
7000 marks yearly, and the country for a great part lieth waste. 
Order to be taken for the exchange of a small parcel of land 
that Mr. Echingham [Sir Osborne ?] hath, which is the very site 
where the chief fortification upon the haven of Waterford must 
be set. 

Jan. 27. 5. Same to same. Deliberate answer to the instructions brought 
Dublin. over by Thomas Wood relative to the coin and currency of Ireland. 
The monies to be called down at one time. The baseness of the 
coin causeth the universal dearth, encreaseth " ydlenes, decayeth 
nobylitie, one of the pryncipall kayes of a common welthe," and 
bringeth magistrates in contempt and hatred of the people. The 
commonwealth now in decay will never be restored till fine monies 
be set forth as they be in all other realms. Send Mr. Eecord to 
answer the articles touching the mines. Inclose, 

5. i. Copy of the Articles sent to the Lord Deputy and Council. 

5. ii. Common Supplication from the Lord Deputy and Council, 
with the rest of the Nobility, Gentlemen, and Merchants, and divers 
others the King's Subjects to the Privy Council. The universal 
dearth of all things risen in Ireland is attributed to the money as 
the " furste and pryncipall cau-se, withoute remedye whereof yt is 
thought almoste ympossible to sett a staye." Pray that the monies 
in Ireland may be of like valuation, weight, and fineness as in 
England. [Among the signatures occur Jenico Viscount Gormanston, 
Richard Viscount Montgaret, J. F. Baron of Slane, Thomas Butller, 
P. [Barnewall] of Trymleteston, Roland, Vicont of Baltynglas ; 
P. Barnewall Magister Rotulorum, John Travers, Patrick Whyle 
Baron, Francis Harbart, Richard Barnewall Sheriff, John None 
Alderman, Maurice Wise and William Lumbar d Attornies for 
Waterford, Robert Kelle and Robert Flemyng Attornies for Drogjieda, 
and the Attornies for Galway.] 

Feb. 9. 6. Petition of Con Earl of Tyrone to the King, setting forth his 
Dublin. faithful services, the injuries done to him by Nich. Bagenall and 
others, his arrest, &c. Prays for redress. 

Feb. 9. 7. Twenty-six articles of complaint exhibited by the Earl of 
Tyrone; being a particular declaration of the injuries committed 
against him. 

Feb. 9. 


8. Con Earl of Tyrone to the Duke of Northumberland. Com- 
plains of having been restrained since Lammas last, and that his 
lands are invaded and nearly destroyed. 




Feb. 9. 9. Con Earl of Tyrone to Sir Anthony Sentleger, K.G. His 
Dublin. lands all robbed by Nich. Bagenall during the time of his absence. 
Complains of having no answers to his former letters to the King. 
Trusts he will see his complaints delivered to the King and his 
Council. Has done no violence to any since Sentleger quitted 
Ireland. [Sentleger forwards these unopened, March 10.] 

Feb. 13. 10. Mary Countess of Tyrone to the Duke of Northumberland. 
Dublin. To further her husband's matters now addressed to the King and 

Feb. 23. 11. Privy Council to Lord Deputy Croft. Geo. Parys, an old 
Irish rebel, is in Scotland by the name of the Ambassador of Ire- 
land, and solicits the Queen of Scots to aid certain Irish lords, 
as Desmond, O'Donnell, &c., upon information given by Walter 
Gerratt and one Norris. The Earl of Argyle to have the conduct of 
the Scottish aid. James M'Donnell [M'Connell] is a great prac- 
tiser in this matter. George Parys sent messages to old O'Conor, 
and at one time a ring. Thus we see that when O'Conor fled 
hence northward, it was upon a very practice. Send back Marshal 
Bagenall, for that he is a man of good and skilful service in the 
north parts. Have caused a new cipher to be made, the double 
whereof is herewith sent. [The Annals of the four Masters, 
A.D. 1551, say that O'Conor (i.e. Brian O'Conor Faly) made an 
attempt to escape, but he was taken. And Dr. O'Donovan, in a 
note to that passage, says he was afterwards set at liberty by Queen 
Mary through the mediation of his daughter.] 

Feb. 25. 12. Marquis of Winchester to Mr. Godsalve, to bring a cer- 

Westminster. tain bag of books touching the affairs of Ireland to the Privy 

Council. Also. Note that the said books of accounts, dated 25th 

July 1550, were delivered to Mr. Felton on the 26th February 


Feb. 28. 13. Lord Deputy Croft to Sir W. Cecill, one of the principal Secre- 

Kiimainham. taries. Requesting money may be sent to him, and giving an 

outline of his intended operations for the ensuing summer. 

Feb. ? 14. Robert Record, Surveyor of the Mines, to the Privy Council in 

England. The wastes of the Almain miners in their washings, 
roastings, meltings, and finings are excessive. English and Irish men 
can better skill of that work than the Almains can. Hopes to save 
2,OOOZ. yearly till the mines may be sunk deeper, and then the hope 
is of much greater gains. The King's charges at this hour are above 
260. every month, and the gains not above 40?., so his Majesty loses 
220Z. monthly. Incloses, 

14. I. Note of the silver and lead ore gotten at Clomyne 
[Clonmines in Co. Wexford] and molten at Ross, Co. Wexford. 

Feb. ? 15, 16. Two copies of the above, with its inclosure. 




Feb. ? 


March 10. 

[March 12. 


17. A brief certificate of the procedings in the King's mines of 
Ireland, to be exhibited to the Privy Council by Gerrard Harman, 
imputing the decay of the mines to the ill conduct of Mr. Record. 
Many curious particulars relative to the first working of the mines. 

18. Copy of the preceding document. 

19. Address of Gerrard Harman to the Privy Council. Declares 
the mines to be very rich, profitable, and commodious. Complains 
of the wilfulness, pride, presumption, and covetousness of Doctor 
Robert Record. 

20. Copy of the preceding document. 

March 10. 21. Lord Deputy Croft to the Privy Council. Suggests that Athlone 
Dublin. i s the fittest place for the Lord Deputy, and that Mr. Treasurer may 
have Mellifont for it. Sends surveys of both those places. 

22. Sir Anthony Sentlegerto the Duke of Northumberland. Sends 
a packet of letters from the Earl of Tyrone, which he has not opened 
" For thys ij days I have bene so paynyd with the syatyca as I ame 
nether hable well to goo nor ryde." 

23. Lord Deputy and Council to the Privy Council. To be good 
Lords to Matthew Kyng late constable of Dungarvan. The Abbey 
of Leix, late in the possession of William Cant well, leased for 21 
years to the said Matthew Kyng. Inclose, 

23. i. Certificate by Sir William Wyse, Knt., Thomas Wyse and 
Nicholas Lee of the works done by M. Kyng in building and 
repairing Dungarvan Castle. Nov. 1 5. Dumgarvan. 

24. Same to the same. The inability of John Goldsmyth to 
continue in his office of Clerk of the Council, which he is willing to 
resign in favour of George Wyse. 

25. Lord Deputy Croft to the Privy Council. Has not placed the 
bearer Thomas Smith in the room of J ohn Moorton, lately slain in 
the north, the army being reduced. 

26. Con Earl of Tyrone to the King. Prays for remedy 
against the injuries done to him, particularly by Nicholas BagenalJ, 
the Marshal, who is now in England. 

27. Lord Deputy Croft to Secretary Cecill. Describes the miser- 
able condition of Ireland in consequence of the unsettled state of 
the currency. 

28. Same to same. Complains of the negligence and ignorance of 
the bishops of Ireland. 

29. Same to the Privy Council. That the Viscount Mountgarret 
may be preferred to a further interest in certain farms. 

30. Same to same in behalf of Walter Pepparde and others, for 
the reversion of their leases ; who having taken them in dangerous 
times at their own risk, naturally expect to have them renewed. 

March 13. 


March 13. 


March 14. 

March 14. 

March 15. 


March 20. 

March 22. 




1562. V l - 1V - 

March 22. 31. Lord Deputy Croft to the Marquis of Winchester in favour of 
Dublin. the bearer Andrew Wyse, who will declare the state of the Treasurer's 
accounts. Curious particulars as to the excessive prices of all things 
in Ireland. The measure of corn that was wont to be at 2 or 3 
shillings, and at Croft's coming at 6s. 8d., is now at 30 shillings. Six 
herrings for a groat. " The Yrishemen ar in best case, for he hath 
least nede of money, he carethe onely for his bealy and that not deli- 
cately. . . We that ar stypendaries must lyve apon our stypends, 
and by with our money which no man estemithe." 

March 25. 32. Same to the Privy Council in favour of Sir John Alen, 
Ferns. repairing into England by letters of commandment. His honest 
and ready doings when required. His long experience and good 

March 30. 33. Lord Deputy and Council to the same. Have finished the 
Dublin. audit of the Treasurer's account for eleven years, as the bearer, 
Andrew Wyse, will declare. Inclose, 

33. I. Declaration of the treasure, transported by the Vice- 
Treasurer to sundry parts of Ireland, for which he claims 
allowance. March. 

April 10. 


April 16. 


April 17. 

34. Conace Earl of Tyrone to the Privy Council, complains of the 
harsh treatment he has received ; that the Baron of Dungannon is 
maintained against him, and his lands pillaged. Requests that 
competent persons may be appointed to examine into his causes. 
Complains of his hawks being stolen, whereof one of the best came 
to the Lord Chancellor's hand. 

35. Lord Deputy Croft to the same. The clamour of the poor 
artificers who live in towns and are reduced to extreme hunger by 
means of the great scarcity soundeth continually in his ears. 

36. Same to the same. Had willed Sir J. Alen and the bearer, 
Patrick Dowdall, to repair to England. Sir John had made excuse. 

36. i. Sir J. Allen to the Lord Deputy. Is unable to go to 
England because the surgeon, in attempting to bleed him in the leg, 
had severed the wrong vein, or a sineiv. Apr. 14. 

36. II. Deposition of Sir John Alen relative to the words spoken 
by Sir Anthony Sentleger concerning religion and the state of 
parties in Ireland, at the time the French were expected. 
March 19. 

36. in. Examination of Oliver Sutton relative to the conversation 
between Sir A. Sentleger and the Earl of Tyrone's messenger, at 
which the said Sutton was interpreter ; and also as to the two bills 
delivered by him to the Archbishop of Armagh. March 23. Bal- 




April 22. 

April 22. 

April 22. 

April 22. 


May 1. 


May 2. 


May 8. 


37. Grant to Marshal Sir Nicholas Bagenall of the lands of 
St. Mary's and St. Patrick's de le Newry, the manor of Carlingford 
and an old castle there, and the whole demesne and manor of Mourne 
and Greencastle, the castle and demesne of the Black Friars in 
Carlingford and other lands, surveyed at 1997. 10s. 4<d. Irish, or 
149/. 12s. 9d. sterling per annum. Latin. 

38. Extract of the above, dated April 20. Latin. 

39. Similar extract, also dated April 20. Latin. 

40. The King to the Lord Deputy and Council. To grant to Sir 
Maurice Fitz Gerald the Bridge of Bealyne in O'Dempsy's country 
and the boat and lands thereunto belonging. 

41. Lord Deputy Croft to the Privy Council. Has received 400?. 
on account of the Earl of Ormond, to be paid to him in England. 

42. Same to same. Has agreed to pay the bearer 100?. for the 
hire of the bark of Morlaix, appointed for the King's service in the 

43. Book by Sir Thomas Cusake, Lord Chancellor, sent to the 
Duke of Northumberland Present state of 'Ireland. Munster is 
quiet. There be divers Irishmen's countries betwixt Athlone and 
Offaley, as O'Brien, M'Coghlan, the Fox, O'Molloy, and 
M'Geoghegan's countries, very strong countries for woods, moors, 
and bogs, by means whereof much cattle was stolen out of the 
English pale. They all condescended to cut passes in their fastness, 
that men might pass through without danger. In Claneboy is one 
Moriertaghe Dulenaghe, one of the Neills, who hath the name as 
Captain of Claneboy, but he is not able to maintain the same ; he 
hath eight tall gentlemen to his sons and all they cannot make past 
24 horsemen. There is another sept in that country of Felim 
Bacagh's sons, tall men, which taketh part with Hugh M'NeillOge, till 
now of late. The same Hugh was preyed by Marshal Bagenall, who 
has made preys upon other of those confines for the same. The said 
Hugh went to Colla M'Donnell (Connell) who landed with 140 bows. 
O'Reilly refusing to repair to Dublin, Cusake went to meet him to 
know his mind. " He declared that he feared to be keapt under 
reste as therle [of Tyrone] is." "The cause of his [Tyrone's] 
reteyner was, bothe for the wasting and distroing of his Countrey; 
and for that he said, that he would never for his tyme care for the 
Amendement of the same ; and if there were But one plughe going in 
the Countrey he wolde spende uppon the same, with ineny other 
undecent words for a Capten of a countrey to save." Shane O'Neill, 
the Earl's youngest son, came to Dungannon, and took with him of 
the Earl's treasure 800?. in gold and silver, besides plate and other 
stuff. He sent to the Scots to give them entertainment. On May- 
day Cusake went to him and did parley with him, and perceived 
nothing in him " but pryde, stubbornes, and all bent to do what he 
coulde to distroy the pore Countrey." If a good President were 
placed in Tyrone the country would prosper. The manner how 
O'Donnell banished his father, and how he made war with his son 





the Calough O'Donnell. These 24 pages contain " the perfight estate 
of the hole Realme unyversall as it is at the wry ting hereof." [Copy. 
There is also a copy in Lambeth, Vol. DCXL, p. 112. Although 
the date on this important letter is very like 1553, the internal 
evidence shows it to be 1552. Ware, in his list of Irish writers, 
notices it, and says it is dated 8th May 1552, 6 Edw. VI. , and 
that it is extant among the MSS. of Dr. Sterne, in the College 

44. " The Conjectures of Edwarde Walshe tochinge the state of 
Yrlande," giving at length his reasons upon which each conjecture 
is founded, recommending the introduction of the " Lex Agraria" 
of the Romans, and the establishment of councils in Munster and 

45. Mr. Record's account of " the totall summe off the charges for 
the mynes in Yrelande syth the 13th of Aprill 1155." 

46. Council of Ireland to the Privy Council in favour of the suits of 
the bearer Oliver Sutton and Mr. Aylmer for the house of St. John's 
in the Naas and the late Austin Friars there, being now the shire 
house, with the custom and tithe of the town and parish. With a 
note that Thomas Alen hath an estate in the premises. 

47. Joachim Gundelfinger to the same. State of the mines. Many 
of our folk have fallen sick, and three are dead for lack of victuals. 
Complains against Mr. Record. 

48. Privy Council to the Lord Deputy and Council. Martin 
Pirry to be sent to Ireland for the mines ; will send Andrew Wyse 
about the money and coin. Fortifications. James M'Donnell's 
claim to the Glinns. Leix and Offaley. Revenues. 

49. Lord Deputy Croft to the Privy Council. Is not able to pay 
to the Lord Garrett [Fitzgerald of Kildare] one year's rent of his 
lands, having no money. 

50. Duke of Northumberland to Cecill, in favour of Andrew Wyse, 
" Treasurer of Ireland." 

The King to the Lord Deputy and Council of Ireland for the 
decrying of the money in Ireland to the same value as it is at in 
England. The minute of this letter remaineth with the records of 
the Council. [Docquet.] 

Grant to Bartholomew Butler, alias York, of the office of 
King at Arms of Ireland, with the name of Ulster, during his life. 

June 10 ? 51. Commission to Martin Pirry, Under Treasurer of the Mint ; 
Oliver Daubeny, Controller; William Williams, Assay Master,' 
and others, to coin certain monies for Ireland, [brig, minute, see 
King Edward's Journal, IQth June 1552.] 

May 9. 

May 10. 


May 15. 


May 29. 

May 31. 


June 3. 


June 7. 

June 9. 



June 13. 

June 27. 



Aug. 1. 

Aug. 1. 
Aug. 12. 

Aug. 23. 
Sept. 10. 

Oct. 25. 


Nov. 6. 

Nov. 21. 


52. Instructions by the King to Mr. Wm. Williams and Sir 
William Brabazon or another to view and survey Clonmines and all 
the mines where the Almains have wrought ; and to take an account 
of the melting, fining, and assaying, the produce, and charges of 
the same ; also to search for alum mines, \0rig. signed by King 
Edward, and Cecill, without the W, for his Christian name!} 

53. Agreement between the King and Martin Pirry of London, 
Esquire, for coining 1500 Ibs. weight of silver into sixpences for 

54. Complaint of Con Earl of Tyrone to the King. His great 
rewards at the hands of King Henry VIII. His service done in 
the North about thirteen months past ; in returning from whence 
with the Lord Deputy " through gentill enterteignement he was 
trayned from place to place, and so at last to Dublin," where he was 
arrested. Desires that he may be heard before the Council in 
England, or that Commissioners may be sent from England to hear 
and determine the accusations against him. Desires certain lands 
adjoining his country for which he will pay 2000. yearly. 

55. Book of check of the Almain miners from the commencement 
of their work, 17 July 1551, till the 1st of August 1552, at Clonmines 
and Ross. 

56. Another book of check of the miners. 

57- An inventory of all the King's stuff remaining at Barry's town 
[Newtown Barry], Clonmines, and Ballyhack. 

58. Account of the wood and coals delivered to the Dutchmen 
[Almains] for their melting, at the Commissioners being in Ross, 
Co. Wexford. 

59. Report of Sir Thos. Luttrell, Justice, and Wm. Williams on the 
state of the mines in Ireland, the mode of working, expenses, &c., in 
answer to the instructions of the 13th of June. 

60. Lease in reversion for 40 years granted to Thos. Wood of the 
site and precinct of the late Abbey of Tintern, Co. Wexford, and 
other lands. 

61. Privy Council to George Parys. They have been informed of 
his desire to be restored by the mercy of the King to his country 
and the place of a natural subject. Send him his pardon signed, by 
the King's leave, with their hands, and a promise of the restitution 
of his lands forfeited in Ireland or such like as shall serve for a 
gentleman to live upon. 

62. The King to Lord Deputy Croft thanking him for his past 
services, and giving him leave to return to England, leaving the 
charge of the realm during his absence to the Chancellor Cusake, 
the two Chief Justices, and the Chief Baron of the Exchequer. 

63. Acknowledgment of Andrew Wyse of the receipt of 
469i. 13s. 4td. paid to him on account of the Earl of Ormoncl, by 
Oliver Grace and Lewis Brvan. 




Nov. 25. 64. Northumberland to Cecill in favour of the suit of the bearer, 
Chelsea. Devereux, a relation of Viscount Hereford, for purchase of lands in 
Ireland. State of the country. Desmond is of no religion, or if 
any, the -old one. 

Dec. 2. 


Dec. 3. 


Dec. 10. 

.Dec. 18. 


Dec. 22. 


Dec. 30. 


65. Lord Deputy and Council to the Privy Council. Have received 
the King's letters that all the records of survey now in the custody 
of Henry Draycott, Chief Remembrancer of the Exchequer, should 
be delivered to Michael Fitzwilliams, General Surveyor of Ireland. 
Sundry considerations have induced them to respite the delivery of 
the said surveys. Inclose, 

65. I. Articles submitted to the Lord Deputy and Council by 
Henry Draycott, declaring the reasons why the King's Surveyor 
ought not to have the records of survey out of the Court of 
Exchequer. Oct. 28. 

66. Lord Deputy Sir J. Croft, JLord Chancellor Cusake, and 
Andrew Wyse to the Privy Council in favour of the suit of the 
Baron of Delvin for a new grant of certain lands. 

67. Privy Council to the Lord Deputy. The imprisonment of 
Geo. Parysh in Scotland by means of O'Conor's son, who had come 
to the knowledge that George Parysh sought to obtain his pardon 
by the offer of disclosing* all his practices. Means to be used for 
the apprehension of O'Conor's son and others. 

68. Mayor and Brethren of Waterford to the Privy Council, 
bearing testimony to the true and faithful behaviour and proceed- 
ings of the Earl of Desmond. 

69. Sir Thomas Cusake, Knight, Lord Chancellor, and Sir Gerald 
Aylmer Knight Chief Justice of the King's Bench, Lords Justices, 
and Council to the Privy Council. The reasons for the arrest of the 
Earl of Tyrone in Sept. 1551. They have resolved to set him at 
liberty upon sufficient hostages being given, viz. : Brian M'Quin 
Roe's son, brother to Shane, to remain for the said Shane O'Neill ; 
the Countess of Tyrone, and Henry, son to the Earl and her, as 
pledges for the Earl himself; and others. 

70. Same to the same. Commend the Earl of Desmond ; recom- 
mend the suits to be preferred by his servant the bearer. 

71. Declaration of the Earl of Desmond's title to the manor of 
Dungarvan, showing how it was wrested from him by the Earl of 
Ormond ; supplication to the Privy Council that it may be restored 
to him. 

72. Report by Thomas Walshe on the state of Ireland. Recom- 
mends the establishment of a President and Council in Munster; the 
powers with which they should be vested. The Baron of Brunt- 
church lately slain only for doing justice. 



Jan. 1. 

Jan. 12. 



Feb. 2. 


Apr. 12. 


June 9. 



73. Submission of Hugh M'Neill Oge, earnestly repenting his 
wilful demeanour and the late rebellion attempted by him. His 
request to have in lease from the King certain late monasteries with 
the lands thereunto belonging, lying waste in his country. " Item, 
he makethe request to have the frierhowse in Knockefergus granted 
unto him, that therin he may erecte too seculer prestes for minis- 
tracion of divine service, alleging that his auncitors were buried 

74. William Paulett Marquis of Winchester Lord Treasurer of 
England to the Earl of Ormond. Will help to get his money this 
term. Ormond to speak to " my Lords " to give their warrant. 

75. " Certayn questions and considerations toching Irelande," 
being the resolutions of the Privy Council on the state of defence 
of Ireland. The number of 2,024 men is not able to make any 
thorough conquest. Orders taken with the Earl of Tyrone and 
Hugh M'Neill Oge seem dishonourable. The expenses and revenues 
from 33 Hen. VIII. to 6 Edw. VI. [15411553.] 

76. Declaration of the state of the mines of Ireland, taken by 
Sir Edw. North, Sir John Mason, Sir James Croft, and Sir Martin 
Bowes. The King's profit only 474L His charges 3,478Z. 15s. Id. 
besides 2,000?. paid to the Almains before they wrought one day. 
[The items of this account are principally the same as those em~ 
bodied in the Report, 1552, Aug., Vol. IV., No. 59.] 

77. Extract from the daily book of check of the Almains, who 
have been absent from their work from the 1st of August 1552 to 
the 27th of February 1553, containing 30 weeks, at which time 
they were discharged. 

78. Account of the total of the charges of the mines in Ireland, 
being 6,665Z. 15s. B^d. for two whole years, from 13th April 1551 
to 12th April 1553. 

79. Sir Nicholas Bagenall to the Privy Council. Is willing to sur- 
render the Lordship of Carlingford at the King's desire. He has 
brought the same from the yearly value of 191. to 200?. as it is now 
surveyed. Trusts he shall have some recompense of lands here in 
England to maintain him. 

80. The King to Con Earl of Tyrone. Has learnt from his 
letters his readiness and promptitude to serve him, especially since 
his last return to Ireland. Has written to the Lords Justices and 
Council to permit his Countess to return to him speedily. Refers 
him for further particulars to Sir Anthony Sentleger, whom he 
purposes to send presently into Ireland as Lord Deputy. Latin. 

81. Grant to John Parker of the office of Master of the Rolls in 
Ireland, with a salary of 501 Irish, per annum. Latin. 



82. Device for the better government of Ireland. That no man 
be Deputy above one year. That every three years a mere English- 
man be Deputy. That after one year the Earl of Kildare be 
Deputy. yhe revenues, mint and mines. 

83. " A devyse howe to kepe Irelonde in the staye it nowe re- 
mayneth, upon the Revenues onely." 

84. " The boke of Assis." Being probably an account of the 
ashes procured for the use of the mines and the mint. 

85. Note of letters to be written to the Lords of Ireland, as 
Tyrone, the Lady his wife by whom he is most ruled, the Baron of 
Dungannon, Shane O'Neill, &c. The letters to those of the North 
to go by the Dean of Armagh Terence Danyell. 

I 2 



Vol. I. 15531557. 

1553. 1558> 

[Sept.] 1. A brief declaration of the charges of the mines in the time of 
the late King Edward. 

Oct. 2. Instructions from Queen Mary to the Lord Deputy Sir Anthony 

Sentleger and others of the Council, for the government of Ireland ; 
to restore the old religion, survey the revenues, regulate the army, 
reduce Leinster ; Cahir M'Arte Kavanagh to be a Baron ; the Mines 
to cease ; to think of a Council for Munster ; lands in Leix and 
Oifaley to be granted in fee simple ; Garrisons to be reduced to 500 
men. [This document has no date, but it was probably drawn up 
in October 1553, for on the 20th October a warrant ^vas addressed 
to Mr. Peckham for 1000L, inprest to Sir Anthony Sentleger, Lord 
Deputy of Ireland, towards his wages ; and on the ZSrd October 
another warrant to Sir A. Sentleger to take to himself as by way 
of reward, out of the 20,000. for Ireland, the sum of 500 marks. 
Council Register.] 

1553 ? 3. Petition of Conoghor M'Carthy, clerk, to Queen Mary. Prays 

for a letter of license to go to Rome to obtain certain poor benefices, 
whether they be spiritual or regular, from the Pope. 


Feb. 8. 4. Inventory of the goods, implements, tools, &c., left in the 
Dublin Castle. Office of the Mint within the Castle of Dublin, with the Lord 
Deputy Sir A. Sentleger, by Wm. Williams, Assay Master there. 

May 8. 5. Order of the 'Privy Council depriving Andrew "Wyse, " late 
Treasurer of Ireland, being prisoner in the Fleet," of his office of Vice 
Treasurer of Ireland, and sentencing him to be kept in prison till 
his arrears are paid. 

June 10. 6. Privy Council to the Lord Deputy Sentleger and Council, to 
Richmond, borrow of the Executors of Justice Luttrell the sum of 6,000?. for 
the Queen's use. 






April 24. 


Dec. 18. 



VOL. I. 

7. Agents of Lord James M'Doniiell [M'Connell] of the Isles of 
Scotland to the Calough O'Donnell, soliciting an interview and 
offering aid and assistance to him. The Lord Donald will give him 
further intelligence as to their object in coming. [This is probably 
after the defeat of the Calough O'Donnell by Manus O'Donnell, on 
the 7th of February.] Latin. 


Order passed by the Seneschal Mountgarret and others, of the 

liberty of Tipperary, in favour of the clergy of Cashel. [Copy 

attested by T. Bowling, Chancellor of Leighlin. See 1541, July 12. 
Hen. VIII. Vol. X., No. 21.] 

8. Lord Deputy Sentleger to Secretary Sir William Petre. 
Thanks for his gentle letters. Desires to come to his purgation of 
the things objected against him. The Queen owes him 3,OOOZ., and 
he has nothing thereof to help his necessity, but is charged with 
debt to her Majesty by his adversaries. Has borrowed so much 
that he cannot borrow more. Walter Flouddy now repairs over 
with the young Lord of the out Isles of Scotland. Flouddy was 
two years past removed from the custody of the Castle of Knock- 
fergus for his demerits. The said Castle is now in the keeping of 
Edward Lorkyn, brother to John Parker, the Master of the Rolls. 
Barnaby Fitzpatrick is detained from repairing to her Majesty by 
some business in his father's country. Incloses, 

8. I. Answer of Sir Anthony Sentleger, Knight of the Order of 
the Garter, to certain objections surmised against him. His impar- 
tiality towards Andrew Wyse. He is clear from taking gifts and 
presents at the hands of Irishmen to show them partial favour. 

9. Propositions for services in Ireland. The fort in Offaley to 
be committed to the Earl of Kildare, that of Leix to Ormond. 
Presidencies to be established at Athlone and Limerick. Salaries, 


April?] 10. Reasons for the repair of the Lord Deputy Sentleger into 
England to answer to the accusations made against him by Sir 
Wm. Fytzwylliams. 

11. Notes of remembrance, probably for Sir Thomas Radeclyff 
Lord Fitzwauter, on being appointed Lord Deputy. 

April 27. 12. Commission of Philip and Mary granting to Sir Henry Sydney 

Westminster ? the office of Vice-Treasurer and Receiver General of Ireland. [Orig. 

Minute. This appears to have been subsequently used by Lord 

Burghley as a precedent for the Commission of Sir Edward Fytton.'] 

13. "A present remedy for the reformation of the North and 
the rest of Ireland ;" proposing an expedition against the Scots 
and the holding a Parliament. Order to be taken ttat every man 


VOL. I. 

may live by his own, with restraint that none of them shall revenge 
his own cause upon other. Letters to be sent from the King and 
Queen declaring that the Pope has, by bulls sent from Home, given 
to their Majesties his whole interest in the kingdom of Ireland. 
Letters to the Marshal to travel abroad in the country for the appre- 
hension of suspected persons, vagabonds, and all other idle and 
masterless men, wheresoever he may tind them, and to extend upon 
them the law martial according to their deserts. 

June. 14. Brief estimate of the charges of the martial affairs of Ireland 

from 1553, Sept. to 1556, April 30. 

June. 15. " The chardges wherewith the Queene's Majestie ought not to 

have been chardged/' and other reckonings. 

July 2. 16. " Persons sett foorth in the countie of Dublen," being a list 
of the numbers of horsemen and kerne which the nobles and gentle- 
men of the different baronies of Dublin county were called upon to 
find, including Westmeath, Drogheda, and certain Irish lords and 
captains. The names of the noblemen and gentlemen are given and 
frequently the name of the house or manor is added. 

Sept. 30. 17. Privy Council to Thomas Radeclyff Lord Fitzwauter the Lord 
Deputy, conveying the Queen's thanks for his conduct in the sub- 
missions of the O'Mores, .O'Conors, O'Tooles, and others. Money 
shall be sent him shortly. 

Dec. 31. 18. Memorial of sundry debts owing to the King and Queen by 
sundry late officers in Ireland ; made by Valentine Browne, auditor 

1556. 19. Orders for Leix. To divide each country between the English 

and Irish. There shall be appointed for the Mores all the country 
beyond the bog. The chief of every sept shall appoint how many 
of his sept he will answer for. They shall hold their lands of the 
fort, and shall answer the laws of the realm as the English do. The 
freeholders shall cause their children to learn to speak English. 
They shall keep open the fords, destroy the fastness, and cut the 
passes. None of them shall marry or foster with any but such as 
be of English blood, without license of the Deputy under his 
handwriting, upon pain of forfeiture of his estate. 

20. Orders for the holding of the English that shall be placed in 
Leix. They shall build in every town one church within three years. 

1556. 21. The consignation of Leix, containing the names of the lands, 

and the names of the consignees ; as the Earl of Kildare, Mr. Trea- 
surer for himself and his band, Captain Williamson, Thomas Brown, 
servant to the Deputy ; Shute, Captain Girton, Masterson, Hugh 
Jones, who had a farm there before ; John Glesters, Lippiat, Captain 
Randolph, John Thomas, who hath ever kept his charge ; Captain 
Portas, Man waring, William Cant well ; Maibie and Harpoole, two 
gentlemen that can serve, and the one hath had charge ; Donnell 
M'Shane, Dunkerley, Hopwood, Murrough O'Dowlyn, Robert O'Fahy, 




VOL. I. 

Turlough M'Cabo, Felim M'Neill Boy, Eustace, brother to the 
Viscount Baltinglas ; Connell Oge O'More, and the rest of the 
O'Mores. Memorandum. There will be planted in sort above- 
written 160 men, English subjects in that one country, besides the 


Jan. 2. 22. Thomas Kadeclyff Lord Fitzwauter, Lord Deputy, to the 
Leighlin. Queen. Thanks for her letters of the 17th Nov. His transactions 
in Offaley. Bringing of all the Irish Lords under bonds of slanty. 
Is about to plant Leix, Offaley, Slewmarge, Irry, and Glenrnalyre. 
Hugh M'Neill Oge and others have broken loose out of Knockfergus 
Castle, and have procured James M'Donnell to return out of Scot- 
land, who remains in the glens. He has parleyed with Bethell and 
Pers. Incloses, 

22. i. Articles sent by the Queen to Lord Fytzwauter to be con- 
sidered, 17 Nov. 1556. 

22. ii. Opinions of Lord Fytzwauter on the above articles. The 
fortifying of the havens of Carlingford, Strangford, Knockfergus, 
Olderfleet, the Ban, and Lough Foyle. The places necessary to be 
first inhabited. The re-establishment of the Catholic religion. A 
discreet man to be sent out of England to be Bishop in the North 
parts to give example to other Bishops and the ministers under 
them, " who it is as pytefull as trewe be nowe the common spyes and 
messengers of myschefs, and make ther churches not only yn the 
northe, but also thorowghe the moste of Irland, lyker to stabells 
for horses and herdhowses for cattell, then holly places to mynyster 
with due reverence the moste blyssed sacraments yn." 

Feb. 5. 23. Lord Deputy and Council to the Queen ; in favour of the 
Dublin. Earl of Desmond, who requests some further time in the matter 
relative to Dungarvan. 

Feb. 25. 


24. Declaration of the Order taken between the Lord Deputy and 
Rory and Donough O'Conor and other gentlemen of Offaley, at the 
Dingan on the 4th of Oct. and 15th Dec. 1556. They surrender 
all title to their lands and submit to the Queen. The pledges given. 
Subsequent refusal of the O'Conors to appear, and the proclamation 
of sharp war against them. The Earl of Kildare, the Baron of 
Delvin, O'Molloy, and Mageoghegan shall follow the slanty to the 

March 1. . 25. James, Earl of Desmond, to Queen Mary. G^iiiplains that 
Lough Guir. the manor of Dungarvan has been granted to James Walshe by 
sinister means. Mr. Secretary Sir J. Bourne is not favourable to 
Desmond and his friends, being seduced by Sir John Alen, a secret 
practiser of all sedition and malice. Sends his chaplain with, 



[March 1.] 26. Instructions from the Earl of Desmond to his chaplain Sir 
Dorbye ne Royne to be declared to the Privy Council. Setting forth 
at length his various petitions, and requests particularly his right to 
Dungarvan and the prize wines of Youghal and Kinsale, granted 
of late to the Earl of Ormond. In all these suits " my lorde of 
Penbrooke, my lorde of Ely, and Master Peter, I trust wyll further 

[March 1.] 27. Requests of the same for the manor of Dungarvan and all 
lands now in his possession by patent. Also confirmation of the 
liberty of Kerry. Item to have a letter from Her Majesty to the 
Vice-Treasurer for his discharge since his last quietus est for the 
rents of religious houses by him restored to their former state. Item, 
to have letters to the Mayor of Cork to let him have certain ,of Her 
Majesty's shot and powder that is there in keeping, and if need be 
the loan of certain great ordnance, to plague disordered people 
within his rule. 

April 4. 28. Lord Deputy Sussex and Council to the King and Queen. 
James McDonnell desires peace and prays for a pardon under the 
Great Seal to him, his brothers, and relations. Offers to permit the 
Deputy to enjoy the fishing of the Ban, on condition that the fishers 
pay him the accustomed droits. Wishes for certain lands to be 
assured to him, some as his patrimony and some for which he shows 
no title. The O'Mores who inhabit Leix are quiet. [A bstract in 
French, probably made for the use of King Philip.'] 


Notes on the above. The said James McDonnell is one of the 
Redshanks, and has been permitted to overrun the North from the 
6th year of King Edward VI. till the coming of the present Lord 
Deputy. He had then 7,000 Scots, and had enthralled several chiefs 
of large countries and many of the people. The O'Mores and O'Conors 
cost Henry VIII. and Edw. VI. 100,OOOZ. sterling. At the accession 
of the Queen, the said O'Mores attacked the English planted by 
Bellyngham and Sir James Croft, and put man, woman, and child 
to the sword, razing the castles and burning everything to the gates 
of Dublin. In December 1556 the O'Mores and O'Conors submitted 
without condition, and promising obedience and loyalty. 

April 4. 29. Lord Deputy Sussex to the King and Queen. Pepparde's suit 
as to Slewmarge. Numbers of English planted in Leix and Offaley. 
Has imprisoned certain lawyers for withstanding their Majesties' 
prerogative. Mr. Stafford's offer of 40?. per annum of increase, for 
the reversion of the manor of Rathewyr (Rathwere ?). That money 
may be despatched with Sir Henry Sydney on his return to Ireland. 
[French abstract] 

April 15. 30. Lord Deputy and Council to the Queen. Sends Sir Hen. 
nham - Radeclyff to ascertain her resolution for the north parts of Ireland. 
Have summoned a Parliament at Dublin for the 1st of June. Pray 
for money and munition. 



April 15. 

VOL. I. 

31. Articles delivered to Sir Henry Radeclyff to be explained to 
the Queen ; principally the details of an intended expedition against 
the Scots, to expulse them out of Ireland, for which an additional 
force of 300 men for a whole year will be necessary. 

[April?] 32. "A proportion of munitions to be sent for into England;' 5 
probably sent by Sir H. Kadeclyff, and also mentioned in letter 
23 May, No. 36. 

May 14. 


33. Examination of Donneli M'Ony, of the age of 70 years, 
captain of his sept. Declares that he never knew any Earl of 
Kildare put any bonnaught upon any Irishman but when he was 
Deputy. He says the bonnaughts were to the King's use. 

May 22. 34. Examination of Shane Burge, marshal to Alexander M'Tur- 
Kiimainham. lough. Affirms " that he knewe no moo Erles [of Kildare] to put 
any bonaght upon Irishe men, but only this Erles Father, and that 
he did at such time as he was Deputie." 

May 22. 35. Examination of Alexander M'Turlough. He saith that he 
Kilmainham. never knew any Earl of Kildare put any bonnaught upon any Irish- 
man, but when he was Deputy. 

May 23. 3G. The King and Queen to Sussex in answer to his letters sent 
by Radeclyff. Order has been given to the Earl of Pembroke, Pre- 
sident in the marches of Wales, and to the Earl of Derby for the 
levy of 300 men in North Wales, Cheshire, and Lancashire. They 
shall be chos>en of such as may serve hereafter to inhabit the realm 
of Ireland when time shall require. Statutes, commissions, &c. shall 
be sent, munition and other necessaries shall be in a readiness at the 
coming hither of Sir Henry Sydney. Inclose, 

36. I. Circular letter from Philip and Mary to certain special 
'men of the nobility in Ireland, charging them to help to further all 
good order appertaining to piety, and to assist the Lord Deputy in 
the maintenance of justice, peace, and tranquillity, and to repress 
such as shall attempt to let the same whether by private misde- 
' meanour or common tumult or invasion. May. 

May 27. 37. Lord Deputy Sussex to the King and Queen ; referring the 
Kilmainham. declaration of affairs to the bearer Sir Hen. Sydney ; who requests 
to have Lecale with the castle of Dundrum in fee farm for ever. 

May 27. 38. Articles touching the state of Ireland, brought from the Lord 
Deputy Sussex by Sir Henry Sydney and to be declared to the Queen. 
The sending of money and munitions. Their Majesties to send the 
Phrenix or a ship of like burden and sailing. The charges to keep 
her here should be no greater than the wages of such as keep her 
at home in the dock. The hindrance that daily cometh by the lack of 
an English lawyer. A pardon for the Baron of Dungannon without 






VOL. I. 

a date. The renewing of the liberties for Knockfergus, and that it 
may be a staple town. The statute that made fostering with the 
Irish to be felony is, as they say, lost and therefore not put in 
execution. Sir H. Sydney can declare what is meant touching the 
President, who may bear a lower name, and is thought meet for 
divers causes. The Earl of Kildare's matters. 

39. Gerald, eleventh Earl of Kildare, to King Philip on his return. 
Prays for license to repair over to wait upon his Majesty in person. 

June 1. 40. The King and Queen to the Lord Deputy Sussex, approving 
of the order taken by him for bestowing the lands of Offaley. Send a 
proclamation of war against France to be published to the Parliament. 
Order taken for defence of the borders against Scotland. 

June 2. 41. [Secretary Dr. John Boxoll] to the Lord Deputy Sussex, 

The Court at informs him that war will be proclaimed with France on the 7th of 

Westminster. j une jj e gh^ed the points of Sussex's letters addressed to Sir 

Henry Radeclyff to the Queen, and the order taken for the bestowing 

of lands in Offaley [King's County]. Thanks him for the use of his 

house in Cannon Row, Westminster. 

June 10. 42. Lord Deputy Sussex, K.G., to the King and Queen. Thanks 
Kilmainham. for their letters of 26th April, announcing his election on the 23rd 

April. On the 1st of June, the Earls of Kildare and Ormond did 

gird his left leg with the Garter and put the George about his neck. 

Desires that some knight may be appointed his deputy to be stalled 

for him. 

June? 43. Remembrances to the Lords of the Council concerning a 
pardon for the Baron of Dungannon ; for the charter of Carrick- 
fergus ; for the conveyance of money and munition, and for the 
disbursing of the 5,OOOZ. at the Deputy's discretion. Dericke to 
make the new Great Seal for Ireland, by the direction of Mr. 
Secretary Sir John Bourne. 

June 23. 44. King and Queen to the Lord Deputy Sussex. Approve of 
his proposed expedition against the Scots in Ireland. Send 
by Sir Henry Sydney 5,OOOZ. to be used at his discretion, with 
munition, &c. as requested, besides other 5,000?. to be employed 
upon ordinary charges. Send also for the third time a draft of an 
Act for assuring of Leix and Offaley. Sussex to make earnest 
search to know by whose fault the two former drafts were lost. 
Have broken with France yet mind to keep good peace and amity 
with Scotland. To satisfy the charges for some further strength for 
the safe wafting over " our treasure and munition." 

June 23. 45. Fair transcript of the preceding minute, slightly altered at 
the termination. 

June 23. 46. Artillery and munition to be sent into Ireland, with the 
charges of conveying it from the Tower to West Chester ; signed by 
Francis Flemyng and Anthony Anthony. 



June 25. 

July 4. 


July 31. 





Aug. 16- 

Aug. 16. 

Oct. 13. 


VOL. I. 

47. The Queen to the Mayor, &c., of Chester, charging them to 
see Sir Henry Sydney with the treasure and munition safely 
conveyed over to Ireland. 

48. Lord Deputy Sussex to Secretary Boxoll. His private 
opinions on the rights claimed by the Earl of Kildare. The caution 
necessary to be used in restoring him to all the lands, liberties, 
customs, &c., claimed by him, being much more than his father had. 
Kildare's inclination to evil. 

49. Note of the manors, lands, hereditaments, and liberties as held 
by the late Earl of Kildare, which the present Earl claims to have 
by her Majesty's letters patent. 

50. King and Queen to the Lord Deputy Sussex. Have received 
his letter of July 14. Thank him for his service against the 
maintainers of O'Conor, and for taking the Castle of Mulighe. 
Inform him of the rupture with Scotland. 

51. Same to same, directing him and the Council to examine the 
title of John Chaloner to the fishing on .the river of Galway, and to 
Martin's mill situated on the river there and also to the fee farm of 
the Isle of Lambay. 

52. Fair transcript- of preceding minute. 

53. The King and Queen to the Lord Deputy and Council con- 
cerning the title of John Chaloner to the fishing on the river of 
Galway. To assure the fee farm of the Isle of Lambay to him, 
notwithstanding any of the recent Acts of Parliament. 

54. Same to the Archbishop, Dean, and Chapter of Dublin, to 
renew the grant to John Chaloner of the fee farm of Lambay, though 
apparently void by the recent Act. [Act for revocation of leases 
made by Geo. Browne the late Archbishop. 3 & 4 Phil. & Mary, 
cap. 10.] 

55. Resolutions of the Privy Council in presence of my Lord 
Cardinal's Grace, for answering the petitions of the Earl of Kildare, 
relative to the restoration of his lands and liberties. Damaged. 

56. Copy of the above. 

57. Answers of Queen Mary to the petitions of the Earl of 
Kildare. Imperfect. 

58. James Earl of Desmond to the Queen. If her Majesty would 
please to direct her letters to John Browne and Edmund Gowle of 
Cork, merchants, who have purchased the late dissolved house of the 
Friars Preachers, adjoining to the walls of Cork, where many 
gentlemen and lords have had their monuments, to restore the same 
house to the Friars, it " woulde do moche good emonges your Grace's 
pore savage peaple in thies parties, that knoweth not decently 
where to be buryed." 



59. Petition of Robert Gogan, Friar of the Order of Friars 
Preachers and Prior of the Convent of Youghal, to the Queen, pray- 
ing for the restitution of the Monastery of St. Mary of the Island 
adjoining to the walls of Cork, now partly thrown down. Latin. 

Nov. 10. 60. Draft of an Act of Parliament for the well disposing and 
leasing of the lands of Leix, Slewmarge [Slewmargy], Offaley, Irry, 
and Glynmalyry. [This Act was twice embezzled, see June 23 ; it is 
the first in the printed Statutes and the seventh on the roll, 3 & 4 
Phil & Mary.~\ 

Nov. 17. 61. George Dowdall, Archbishop of Armagh and Primate of all 
Tenroafeskin. Ireland, to Nicholas Heath Archbishop of York and Lord Chancellor 
and the Privy Council. " As I writ to my L. Cardynall this pore 
realme was newer in my remembraunce in worse case then it is 
nowe, except the tyme onely that Oneyll and Odonyll enwaded 
thenglish pale and burned a great pece of it/' " The Northe is as 
farr out of frame as ewer it was before, fore the Scotts berrithe 
as great rule as they dothe wysshe, not onely in suche lands as 
they did lately usurpe, but also in Claneboy." The O'Mores and 
the O'Conors " hathe distroit and burned Lexe and Afayle sawinge 
certain forts." Prays for redress of such hurts and damages as he 
has sustained by the Lord Deputy Sussex, and the army which has 
lately burned his see of Armagh, with three churches. [ Answered 
1558, May 20.] 

Dec. ? 62. Second examination of Christopher Devenishe, relative to 

intelligence given by him in Spain. Projects against Ireland. The 
King of France with a large army to lay siege to Calais. Sir James 
Welshe, some time chanter of Christ's Church in Dublin, received 
1 01. from the King of Spain towards his charges to pass into Ireland. 
It was promised that he should be Prior of Mellifont. 

1557? 63. The Queen to the Lord Deputy Sussex to aid Dr. Kennall 

and Wm. Hammerton, auditor, in taking an account of impropriate 
parsonages, ty thes, and other possessions and revenues of the clergy, 
according to the Act of Parliament. [This is the English Act 
2 & 3 Phil. & Mary, cap. 4., and passed in the Parliament of 
Ireland 3 & 4 Phil. & Mary, cap. 10.] 

1557? 64. The Queen to the Lord Deputy. Directing him to inquire 
into the case of a hospital in Limerick suppressed without sufficient 
authority. Some provision to be made for the bearer, according to 
the justice of his claim. 

1557 ? 65. Petition of Robt. and Richd. Remon to the King and Queen 
to be released from penalties incurred by them on the statute of 
prsemunire for holding of the Apostolic See certain livings in Water- 
ford and Lismore. Latin. 

1557? 66. Petition of Robt. Remon to the same; for the restitution 
of the Augustine monastery of St. Katharine's without the walls of 
Waterford, to which he had been appointed Prior in the room of 
Ed. Poer, deceased. Latin. 




Jan. 18. 


Jan. 18. 


Jan. 18. 
Jan. 18. 

Jan. 18. 

VOL. II. 1558. 


1 . Memoranda of the Privy Council. Sir Henry Sydney to be 
Lord Justice. Powder and munition. To signify the Lord Deputy's 
sending to the King's Majesty, and the causes thereof. Letters to 
be written to the Lords of Ireland to serve with the Lord Justice 
during the Lord Deputy's absence, which shall not be long. 

2. Circular Letter from the Queen to the nobility of Ireland. 
Notifying the recall of the Earl of Sussex for a short time, and 
the appointment of Sir Henry Sydney to be Lord Justice. 

Jan. 18. 3. Copy of the preceding. 

4. Copy in Latin to the same effect ; with an endorsement direct- 
ing it to be sent to the Earl of Tyrone, McCarthy More, O'Reilly, 
and the Calough O'Donnell. Latin. 

5. Another copy. Latin. 

6. Memoranda for the despatch for Ireland. Munition. Letters 
to the Archbishop of Dublin and Vice -Treasurer Sir H. Sydney, the 
Lords Justices and Council. The names of the Lords to write to" as 
the Earls of Kildare, Ormond, Desmond, Clanrycard, and Thomond. 

7. Similar memoranda, with addition of the names of the Viscount 
Gormanston, George Dowdall, Archbishop of Armagh " and Primate 
of Ireland." Calough O'DonnelTs letter is meant to be more 
thankful for his service, with desire of the continuance thereof. 

Feb. 5. 8. James Earl of Desmond to the Queen. Proposes that before she 
Kilmainham. should go to further charges within the realm of Ireland, she should 
appoint four Commissioners, two of the clergy and two of the" laity, 
to inquire into the state of the country. 

Feb. 7. 9. The Queen to George Dowdall, Archbishop of Armagh. To 
Westminster, repair to her presence immediately " for causes of weight touching 
our service." 

Feb. 8. 10. Lord Justice Sir Henry Sydney and Council to the Privy 
Dublin. Council. Have received the Queen's letters of 18th January, 
whereby they are advertised of the loss of Calais, " which wer 
to us most dolorous newes." The French King has allured the 
Scots of the Isles to annoy us. It is bruited that James M'Donnell 
[M'Connell] is coming hither with a great force of Scots and French- 
men. " Concerning the state of the Irishe sort we have no hope, 
but contrary wise feare that if the French e and Scotts come in, 
they will take part with them openly." Desolation of the country. 
The inhabitants of the Pale " be wery and yrke of us." Lack of 
weapon, which is not to be had here for money. Beseech the 
despatch of the Lord Deputy Sussex " hetherward shortly four- 
nished with a freshe bande of men and victualls." Money to be 
Sent to pay both them and the garrison here. 




Feb. 23. 11. James Earl of Desmond, High Treasurer of Ireland, to Queen 
Limerick. Mary. Kenewing his proposal for four Commissioners to be sent 
into Ireland. Reasons for it. 

[Feb. 23.] 12. The declaration of the Earl of Desmond's chaplain, touching 
the abuses and government of Ireland in clerical and political affairs. 
Probably by Robert Remon. Latin. 

Feb. 26. 


Feb. 26. 


13. Hugh Curwen, Archbishop of Dublin and Chancellor, and 
one of the [late] Lords Justices, to the Earl of Sussex, Lord Deputy 
of Ireland. Sends him a letter. Incloses, 

13. i. William Pers, Constable of Carrickfergus, to the Lord 
Justice, the Archbishop of Dublin. News which he omits to write 
in his general letter. This draft is by one of the chief men in 
Ireland G. [Gerald Earl of Kildare], " who, Ifer, ys a tru French- 
man, and the cJiyff doyr with the Skotys and Frenchmen." Walter 
Flody, late Constable of Carrickfergus, went to pay his ransom to 
the Scots. Sorley Boy McDonnell began to talk after supper, and 
" sayd playnly that Inglysch men had no ryght too Yrland." 
Feb. 14. Carrickfergus. 

14. Sir Henry Sydney, Lord Justice, to the Lord Deputy Sussex. 
His fear lest Sussex may be employed in some other service out of 
England. Has written to the Queen and to the Privy Council. 
Likelihood of invasion by the French and Scots. Beseeches Sussex 
to be fervent with the Queen, and that they may have speedy succours 
or else to be revoked ; " for yt shal be more for the Queene ys honor 
that we be called home by order than dryven out with shame." The 
Earl of Tyrone sent a letter by his accustomed messenger with 
advertisements of the Countess of Tyrone, of the intent of the 
French and Scots to invade Ireland. The Countess charged the 
Earl always to be true to the Crown of England, and " she for her 
devotyon thearunto was nou put in to strayghter prysone." Sydney 
has cut the long pass in O'Molloy's country and others. Requests 
" money at thys pynch thogh yt be as bace as counters/' Incloses, 

14. i. Wm. Pers to Lord Justice Sydney. Feb. 15. 

15. Articles concerning the government of Ireland, principally 
addressed by an Irishman of Portlester ? of 26 years' experience, to 
the Lord Justice Sydney ? of a personal nature against the Earl of 
Kildare. A general pay to be made. Three thousand Englishmen to 
be sent into Ireland, half to be artificers, husbandmen, &c. to inhabit 
in different' places. [Anonymous.'] 

16. Lord Justice and Council to the Queen. Advertising her 
of the want of many things in Ireland to withstand the evil designs 
of the Irishry and the attempts of the French and Scots. The 
country is in a wretched state, having neither money, munition, nor 

Mar. 12. 17. The Queen to the Earl of Tyrone. Requesting him to con- 
Greenwich, tinue his good service at the Lord Deputy's coming over, with a 
well-furnished force of men, &c. 

Mar. 1. 





March 12. 18. The Queen to Barnaby [Fitzpatrick ?]. Requiring him 
to give his aid to the Lord Deputy in suppressing rebels, to whom 
he is a near neighbour. 

March 12. 19. The same to the Calough O'Donnell, that on his aiding the Lord 
Deputy he should be advanced to a degree of nobility, and also 
rewarded " of our lyberalytie accordyng to your good deserts/' 

March 12. The same to O'Reilly. Thanks him for past services. Requires 
him to dismiss the Scots he has retained, and if he should need aid, 
the Lord Deputy Sussex will supply him. 

March 12. 20. 21. Copies in Latin of the letters to the Calough O'Donnell 
and O'Reilly. 

March 1 2. 22. TheQueen to O'Carrol, promising that on his aiding the Lord 
Deputy he should be created a Baron for life. Latin. 

March 12. 23. The same to the Earls of Desmond and Clanrycard, requiring 
them to aid the Lord Deputy in putting the Earl of Thomond in 
possession, according to his letters patents ; and that Desmond should 
vigilantly guard the sea coasts in his territories. 

March 12. 24. The same to the Earls of Desmond and Ormond, thanking 
them for past services, and recommending them to refer all their 
differences to the arbitration of the Lord Deputy and Council. 

25. Schedule of the several letters which the Lord Deputy 
Sussex desires her Majesty to write to the nobility and gentry 
of Ireland. 

March 13. 26. Estimate of the charges for conveying munitions and treasure, 
to West Chester for Ireland. 

[March.] 27. Requests of the Earl of Sussex for certain powers to be 
inserted in his instructions and commissions. 

March 20. 28. Instructions to the Earl of Sussex, nominating the Council 
to assist him ; he to have 1,5001. per annum. Pay for the army, as 
well those that now serve there as the 800 footmen presently sent 
out of England, and the 200 kerne to be levied in Ireland. 

March. 29. Additional clauses to the instructions of 28th April 1556, for 
the Lord Deputy ; embodied in the preceding document. 

March 21. 30. Robert Remon to the Earl and Countess of -Desmond, 
London. stating that he is about to go to Cardinal Caraffa, Legate in 
Flanders or Brabant, for a dispensation for their daughter Onoria 
' and McCarthy More, because Cardinal Pole has not yet received 
his powers. To send him money for that journey. They have done 
wrong in delaying to send their messengers to the Queen. The 
Earl of Sussex is despatched for Ireland with 1,200 men to settle 
the whole of Ireland, and reform the laws and manners of the 
people. He presented their letters to Secretary Petre, but as yet 
he has neither introduced Remon to the Queen nor presented their 
letters to her Majesty, sent by Thomas Fanning, of Youghal, tailor, 



March 25. 


April 7. 

April 7. 


31. Lord Deputy Sussex to the Queen, to confirm a grant made 
to the Lord Delvin, by King Edw. VI. He is of a noble and 
ancient house, whose ancestors have divers times had the govern- 
ment of that realm. " His wytte and habylyte to serve is ryght 

32. The same to the Privy Council, requesting that the principal 
nobility and gentry of Ireland may be written to, to give their 
opinions to the Privy Council upon his conduct as Lord Deputy, 
in answer to the charges brought against him by the Primate of 
Armagh ; prays that the Queen and Cardinal Pole may be informed 
of the answer sent from Ireland. Primate Dowdall to be speedily 
heard upon his arrival, and ordered as appertaineth "for sclaun- 
dering unjustely of a mynister in so great a charge." Incloses, 

32. i. Lord Justice and Council to Lord Deputy Sussex, answer- 
ing at length the various charges alledged against his government 
of Ireland, by George Dowdall, the Lord Primate of Armagh, in 
his letter of the Vlth November 1557, and reflating his statements, 
which were founded on personal malice. March 20, Dublin. 

32. ii. A list of persons to whom letters should be written. 

33. Lord Deputy Sussex to the Queen, in favour of Sir Geo. 
Stanley, Marshal of Ireland, to have certain lands lying by his 
house in Lancashire, in fee farm. 

April 1 2. 34. The Queen to the Lord Deputy and Chancellor of Ireland, 
Greenwich, for confirming the grant of lands and tenements in the manors of 

Belgarde and Fower, made to the Baron of .Delvin by King Edw. 


April [10.] 35. The same to the Lord Deputy Sussex. Sends copies of the 

Greenwich. Earl of Desmond's large requests and the answer to them ; and 

also copy of the requests or articles of credence which the Earl's 

messenger Eobt. Remon had to deliver. The Earl to be treated 

with circumspection. 

April 19. 36. The same to the Earl of Desmond, answering the points con- 
tained in his letters of the 23rd Feb. [No. 11], and also of the 
5th of Feb. [No. 8] ; refers the fuller consideration of them till 
the arrival of the Lord Deputy Sussex in Ireland ; declines to give 
him a patent for Dungarvan until he states more minutely the 
particulars of the lands. 

April 26. 37. Lord Deputy Sussex to Mr. Sec. Boxoll. The continued 
Jioij-head. dissention between the Earl of Thomond and Sir Donough O'Brien, 
who challenges the title of Thomond, and is supported by the Earl 
of Desmond ; recommends that letters be written to the Earls of 
Desmond, Ormond, and Clanrycard, to M'Carthy Reagh, and 
M'Carthy More, and to all the captains of nations within Munster 
and Connaught, to repair to, and assist him [the Deputy] to put in 
execution the orders, by her Majesty's appointment, to be taken 
between her subject the Earl of Thomond and her rebel Sir Donough 
O'Brien, " the only staye of all the rebells yn those quarters." 



1558. oL - IL 

May 1. 38. The Queen to the Lord Deputy Sussex. Grant to Sir William 
Greenwich. Fytzwylliams, a new lease for 21 years of the temporalities of the 
manor of " Donamore." 

May 3. 

May 3. 

May 11. 


May 20. 

May 23. 

May 30. 


May 31. 

[Not sent till 

St. James's. 

May 31. 


39. King and Queen to the Treasurer of the Exchequer. To deliver 
to Richard Lucar and James Comerford, Attornies for Waterford, 
the sum of 1007. 

40. The Queen to Sir H. Sydney, Vice Treasurer of Ireland. 
Informs him that 100Z. has been paid to the attornies for Waterford 
in part payment of the loan by the inhabitants of that city. 

41. Same to the Earls of Ormond, Desmond, Clanrycard and 
other nobility of Ireland, directing them to meet and aid the Lord 
Deputy in settling the differences between the Earl of Thomond 
and Sir Donough O'Brien. 

42. Same to the Lord Deputy. Recommends the suit of the 
bearers, two friars of St. Francis, for the restoration of lands 
belonging to religious houses in Trim and elsewhere. 

43. Lord Deputy Sussex to the Queen in commendation of the 
Earl of Tyrone. 

44. Articles submitted to the Privy Council by the Primate of 
Armagh, setting forth at length his reasons in support of the 
assertions contained in his letter of the 17 Nov., relative to the evil 
condition and government of Ireland during the administration of 
the Earl of Sussex. 

45. " The effecte of the booke exhibited by the Archebisshop of 
Armagh," being an abstract of the preceding document, probably for 
the use of the Queen. " A man may ryde southe, west, and northe 
xx. or xl. myles, and see neither house, corne, ne cattell." " Many 
hundreth of men, wyinen, and chilldren are dedde of famyne." 

46. The Queen to the Lord Deputy Sussex. Has seen his letters 
from Kilmainham of April 9, addressed to the Privy Council. 
Thanks him for the order taken against the Scots under James 
M'Donnell ; desires to be informed of the delay of men and corn in 
James [ Jaques ?] Wingfeld's charge. Objects to an increase of pay 
for the captains, but warrants Sussex to reward such as shall appear 
by their diligence to have merited a further consideration than their 
ordinary entertainment. Warrant to discharge the soldiers of such 
munition as they have spent in service. 

47. Lord Deputy and Council including Oswald Massingberd, 
Prior, to the Privy Council. Have taken order to place 50 good 
soldiers within the Castle of Knockfergus, to withstand James 
M'Dounell who landed on the 22nd of April with a band of his own 
people, and two pieces of ordnance. The Lord Deputy will be at 
Limerick on the J 2th of June, with the army, to take order in the 
Earl of Thomond's case. A general hosting proclaimed against the 



June 2. 

June 3. 

June. 8. 

June 10. 


48. The Queen to the Lord Deputy Sussex. Intelligence of the 
French King's designs against Ireland by means of Geo. Parysh. 

48. i. Schedule as to Guernsey, Jersey, and. Ireland. Seyntone, 
an inhabitant of Jersey, serves the French King and receives a 
pension upon promise to deliver into his hands either Guernsey or 
Jersey. George Parysh has promised to bring the wild Irish to the 
French King's devotion. 

49. Lord Deputy Sussex to Boxoll. " Jeames M'Conell is 
retorned ynto Scotland with his ordynance. He browght with 
hym t)00 men thynkyng to have lefte the moste parte behynd hym/' 
but they refused. His brother Colla M'Donnell, the best man of 
them all, and he that hath ever continued in Ireland, died about 20 
days past, since which time James offered the Rowt to Alexander 
who refused it, then he offered it to Aenghus, who also refused it, 
and lastly he offered it to Sorley Boy, who only of all the brethren 
remaineth in this realm. To have money and harquebuses. Does 
not coincide with the opinion of the Lords of the Privy Council 
" that yf the C. of horsmen be devyded to L. that the wages of the 
capytan maye also be devyded." Great dearth caused by the base- 
ness of the money. [Great part of this letter is in cypher.] 

49. i. Names of the captains of horsemen of the old, and of the 
two new bands. 

50. Lord Deputy Sussex to Secretary Boxoll. On the 18th of 
May the Mores and Conors came to the fort in Leix, with such a 
power as they never had before, intending to take the castle 
belonging to the Fort. Sir Henry Radeclyff, who was in the fort, 
led out 60 soldiers and 30 kerne and rescued the whole prey. 
Francis Cosby seeking some of the rebels where they were making 
merry, met with Donough O'Conor himself, ' accompanyed with 
Cormack O'Conor 's son, that is yn Scotland, and Rychard Oge the 
basse Garentyne/' and after long fight killed " Rychard Oge, 
Cormak's sonne, and xxx. or xl. of the beste of them." " Cosby 
hymself kylled Rychard Oge with his awne hands, whyche wold not 
have bene don by no man els." The Countess of Tyrone has 
returned from Scotland and written to Sussex to meet with her 
at Trim ; she will discover such matter as shall greatly advance 
the Queen's service northward. Sussex's servant called Tedder 
captain of the Saviour, returned this day from the north with a 
French prize, " This pryse is of iij. toppes, and was laden with 
Gasken wyne." 

51. Same to same, to procure the Queen to write a letter to him 
in favour of Henry Draycott, Remembrancer of the Exchequer. 


51. i. Draft of a warrant for a lease for 21 years to Henry 
Draycott, of the lands held by him, to commence at the expiration 
of his present lease. 



June 10. 

June 11. 


June 11. 
June 18. 



52. Lord Deputy Sussex to the Queen, in favour of John P^unk^t, 
one of the Privy Council, for a lease of certain lands. 

53. Same to same, in favour of the E. of Ormond, to have a grant 
of the Abbey of Athassell, the spiritualities of which are in the 
hands of Cardinal Pole. As the value of these lands is small, the 
Earl of Ormond should have other lands, that he may enjoy the full 
benefit of the grant of 881. Incloses, 

53. i. Particular of sundry abbey lands in Ireland, for the 
Earl of Ormond. 

54. Copy of the inclosure in the above letter. 

55. The Queen to Sir Henry Sydney, directing him to place to 
his account the sum of 601., borrowed from the Bp. of St. David's, 
for the transportation of Jaques Wingfeld and 300 men from 
Milford Haven into Ireland. 

56. Con Earl of Tyrone to the Queen. Prays that Giles Ovington 
may be made to surrender up to him the lease of Ballgriffen in the 
county of Dublin. Desires a lease of Colpe beside Drogheda. 
Desires letters to the Lord Deputy to ransom or procure the 
liberation of Mary his Countess, Con O'Neill his son, and Barnaby 
the son of the Baron of Dungannon, who have been two years and 
a half prisoners with James M'Donnell in Scotland. His chaplain 
Sir Edmund O'Coyne, a man of good disposition and well learned in 
the canon law, has obtained papal bulls for the Priory of the 
cathedral church of Down. Andrew Brereton farmer of Lecale. 

57. Clement Fanyng, mayor, and inhabitants of Limerick to the 
Queen, petitioning that the commission granted at the suit of 
Edward Gallway, which intolerably oppressed them, may be 

58. The Queen to the Lord Deputy Sussex, in answer to the 
requests of the Earl of Tyrone. Not to suffer the Countess of Tyrone 
to return to Scotland where she has been so long prisoner. " And 
thirdlie, where his request is, that his chaplen [Edmund O'Coyne] 
having alreadie obteyned the Pope's Holyness bulls for the pryorie 
of the cathedrall churche of Downe, might be establisshed in the said 
Pryorye : ye shall declare unto the said Erie that wee intende to 
maynteyne our prerogatyve lefte unto us by our Progeni tours in 
that behallf." 

July 6. 59. Same to the Earl of Tyrone. Refers him to the Earl of 
St. James's. Sussex for answer to his supplications. Thanks him for his good 

July 13. 60. Same to the Lord Deputy Sussex. Thanks for his services. 
Francis Cosby to be general of the kerne. Sir John Travers and 
Jaques Wingfeld to have the office of ordnance. The custom for 
the captains who have the leading of fifty horsemen, to have a full 
entertainment or pay. Some increase of entertainment by way of 
reward to be given at Sussex's discretion to the captains, petti - 
captains and officers serving in Ireland. 


July 4. 


July 6. 

St. James's. 



August 4. 


Aug. 4. 


Aug. 4. 

Aug. 6. 

Aug. 13. 

Aug. 13. 


61. Lord Deputy Sussex to Secretary Boxoll. Has received the 
three patents dated 14 July. 'Is anxious for the ships and pinnaces 
to come a month sooner. Mr. Wingfeld sent to London. The E. 
of Desmond not dead but past recovery. Hears that his, Sussex's, 
" father's late wyfe inaketh sume styrre with my tenants in Lyn- 
colnshyre/' [Partly in cypher.'] 

62. Postscript to the above, signed by Sussex, Sydney, Stanley, 
and Kadeclyff, urging despatch, as the year is far advanced for the 
intended expedition. [Partly in cypher.'] 

63. Private suits of G. Dowdall, Primate of Armagh, to be ob- 
tained of the Queen, for the restoration of the hospital of Arde 
Priory. His servant Richard Plunkett, of the New house, to have 
assurance of the office of Chief Serjeant of the county of Louth for 
the term of his life. Some learned men are of opinion that it would 
be a case of prsemunire to curse any of the wild Irishry, who do not 
answer to the Sheriff's writ, in a temporal cause. Desires license to 
exercise and minister all kinds of ecclesiastical censures against the 
wild Irish. Also, to have certain lands for a college in Termon- 

64. The Queen to the Lord Deputy Sussex. Touching the suits of 
the Primate of Armagh. To take order for the new erection of the 
priory or hospital of Arde to be a hospital as it was before the 
dissolution, for the better relief of poor and sick people. To cause 
the hcruse of the friars of Arde to be newly erected in the Queen's 
name. Sussex to suffer the Primate of Armagh, without peril of 
the laws, to exercise and use all manner of ecclesiastical censures 
against the disordered Irishry. To sell certain parcels of land 
to the Primate to enable him to erect a college in the town of 

65. The same to the same, in answer to his letters of 10th and 
llth June. The Earl of Ormond to have the temporalities of 
the late abbey of Athassell in fee simple, with the temporalities 
of other houses, to the value of 88?., at a yearly rent. John 
Plunket to have certain lands, as requested, at the rate of 20 years' 
purchase, Sussex taking ready money of him. And Henry Draycott, 
the Chief Remembrancer of the Exchequer, to have a lease for 21 
years of his lands. 

66. "Warrant from the King and Queen to the Treasurer, &c. of 
the Exchequer in England to pay the sum of 200?. sterling to John 
Nangle, merchant, of Dublin in compensation for a debt of 300?. 
Irish due to him. 

67. The Queen to Sir Henry Sydney, Vice-Treasurer of Ireland. 
Directing him to charge to his account the payment of 200?. to 
Nangle in lieu of 300?. Irish, part of a debt of 400?. due to him. 

Sept. 15. 68. The same to the Lord Deputy Sussex. To return certain 
St. James's, ordnance, as per schedule. Incloses, 

68. i. Schedule of ordnance sent into Ireland since the first year 
of King Edward VI. 


1558. VOL ' IL 

Sept. IS. 69. Lord Deputy Sussex to the Queen. The ships arrived on the 
Kiimainham. fi rs t lust. He is now about to sail on the expedition into Scotland, 
" trustyng to accomplysh your Hyghnes commandment yf wynd 
and wether serve." Leaves Ireland in such state as there shall be 
no likelihood of any great hurt to ensue in the time of his absence. 
His desire to return to England is great, and the causes which move 
him thereto are of importance. 

Oct. 3. 70. The same to the same. He set sail from Dublin on the 

h \r b ard - *^k ^ September, and arrived the 19th in Can tyre, " where I 

16 loughby l ~ l n ded and burned the hole countrye ; from thens I went to Arren, 

and did the lyke there, and so to the Isles of Combras, whyche I also 

burned. And rydyng at Anker betwene Combras and Bute (where 

I also thowght to have londed), there rase soddenly a terrybell tem- 

peste in whyche I susteyned sume losse." The bearer, Sir Thomas 

Cotton, the Vice- Admiral of the ships, without whose advice nothing 

was done, will declare the circumstances. 

Oct. 6. 71. The same to the same. Further particulars. His arrival 

on the 19th of September " in lowghe Gylkeran in Kyntyre. 5 ' 
" The same daye I landed and burned eight myles of leynght, and 
therwith James M'Coneirs chief howse, called Saudell, a fayre pyle 
and a stronge. The neixte day I crossed over the lande, and burned 
twelve myles a leynght on the other syde of the lowghe, wherin 
were burned a fayre howse of his called Mawher Imore, and a 
stronge castell called Donalvere. The thirde daye I returned an 
other waye to the shipps." The like burnings in the isles of Arran, 
and the Great and Little Cumbrays. Sussex returns to Ireland and 
lands on the 5th of October to do certain exploits against the Scots 
f< in these quarters." Incloses, 

71. i. Notes of matters touching the Queen's ships, showing how 
unable they are to return again to the Out Isles of Scotland to burn 
the island of I slay and the rest of the island of Bute. [The original 
of this was signed by Richard Byngham, afterwards knight and 
Marshal of Ireland, William Fytzwylliams,afterwards Lord Deputy, 
Gregory Carye, &c.] 

Oct. 19. 72. The Queen to the Lord Deputy Sussex. Gives him license 
for a season to repair over hither to despatch certain his own affairs 
here, leaving Sir Henry Sydney, the Vice-Treasurer, in charge during 
his absence. [Minute.] 

Docquet of the above, dated Oct. 22. St. James's. [Doc. 
Nov. 10.] 

Oct. 19. 73. The Queen to Sir H. Sydney, Vice-Treasurer. Appointing 
him Justice of Ireland during the absence of Sussex in England, 
and promising to grant his request for license to repair to England 
on the return of the Lord Deputy. [Minute.} 

Docquet of the above, dated Oct. 22. Sb. James's. [Doc. 
Nov. 10.] 



Oct. 24. 

Oct. 29. 
St. James's. 

Oct. 31. 


Nov. 13. 




74. The Queen to Sir H. Sydney, Vice-Treasurer. Directing him 
to apply the sum of 2001. to his own use, by way of reward for his 
services. [Minute.] 

Docquet of the above, dated Oct. 25. St. James's. [Docquets, 
Nov. 10.] 

License for the Lord Deputy Sussex to repair to Court, and for 
the exercise of his office in his absence. [Doc. No. 10.] 

75. Lord Deputy Sussex to the Queen. He made a sudden 
journey upon the Scots in the Route ; and taking a great prey from 
them returned to Knockfergus. The new sickness which the soldiers 
had taken in the ships, of the mariners. Of 1,100 soldiers there 
were not 400 able to travel. The Castle of Kiltober lost. The 
Earl of Desmond is now certainly dead. The Earl of Clanrycard 
has met with 1,100 Scots good and bad, whereof he has slain 700. 
The Earl of Thomond resteth in quiet, and is much commended for 
the good execution of justice. 

76. Same to the same. Thanks her for the license to return. 
He is going to Waterford to settle the country, in consequence of 
the Earl of Desmond's death. Requests that Sir H. Sydney may 
return to England with him or immediately after him, and that 
Hugh Curwen, the Archbishop of Dublin and Lord Chancellor, and 
Sir George Stanley, may be appointed Lords Justices. 

77. Book of the waste and decay of the English Pale, and the cause 
of the same, with an estimate of the armies and munitions, with 
all necessaries for reformation of the whole. Munster to be placed 
under the government of the Earl of Warwick, Connaught under 
the Lord Grey, Ulster under the Earl of Sussex, and Leinster under 
Sir Henry Sydney. 

Notes on the ancient divisions of Ireland into six parts, in- 
cluding the two Munsters, and location of various septs and families. 
[See Dom. Warrant Book, Vol. I, p. 1 .] 

78. A MS. tract indorsed " Booke oute of Ireland ; in Latten." 
Intituled, Fides priscorum de veritate carnis et sanguinis Christ! in 
sacramerito Altaris, quam ab ipsa Assensione dominica semper tenuit 
universalis Christi ecclesia, a vetustissiinis auctoribus in suis scriptis 
nobis relicta. Latin. 




Nov. 28. 

Nov. 28. 


Dec. 3. 

Dec. 13. 

Dec. 15. 

Dec. 16. 


VOL. I. 15581559. 


L The oath of Gerald Earl of Desmond, at the doing of his 
homage, and first admission to the Earldom upon the death of his 
late father. [Dated the 5th and 6th of Philip & Mary, the news of 
Elizabeth's accession not having reached Ireland.] 

2. Orders taken by the Lord Deputy Sussex and Council, for the 
reformation of the country called the Decies, in co. Waterford, under 
the rule of Sir Maurice Fitzgerald. 

3. Queen Elizabeth to the Lord Deputy and Council of Ireland, 
notifying the death of Queen Mary on the J7th instant, and com- 
manding proclamation of her accession to be published in all conve- 
nient places. 

4. Same to the Lord Deputy Sussex, to inquire in the ports of 
Ireland for a ship of Hamburgh which had been taken and carried 
thither by certain English ; to examine and punish the English, and 
restore the ship and goods. 

5. Memorandum of the bands of horsemen, footmen, and kerne 
remaining in Ireland, with the numbers to be continued, devised on 
the coming over of Lord Deputy Sussex. 

6. The Queen to Hugh Curwen, Archbishop of Dublin and Com- 
missioner of the Great Seal for hearing causes, and to the Barons of 
the Exchequer, to examine and determine the complaint of Walter 
Ap Howell, farmer of the late monastery of Owney, concerning 
certain parsonages and tithes, withheld by the Earl of Ormond and 
the Countess his mother. 

7. Sir John Alen [the late Lord Chancellor] to Sir Wm. Cecill. 
Congratulations on his recall to his old room of Principal Secretary. 
Incloses a token. The persecution he has suffered, having been Chief 
in Commission for the Dissolution of the Abbies. He was driven to 
tarry in England five years in the late Queen's time. 




Dec. 16. 


VOL. I. 

8. Edward Staple, late Bishop of Meath, to Secretary Cecill. 
Relates his troubles in the last reign, his deprivation for marriage. 
" The Lorde Cardynall Layed Agaynst me, for A greveus Article, 
that I presumed in my Sermond to pray for his [our olde Master's] 
sole." Begs that his supplication may be recommended to the Queen. 

Dec. 18. 9. Thomas Alen to same. The state of Ireland. The reformation 
Dublin. needed. 



1558 ? 


1 0. Petition of Captain William Pers to the Queen ; to take order 
with the Lord Deputy Sussex that Pers may be accounted with, for 
service against the Scots, in Queen Mary's time. 

Map of Ireland, \0lderfleet is added in Sir William Cecill's 
hand. Irish Maps, Vol. i., No. 5.] 

Map of the two peninsulas between the River Kenmare and 
Dunmanus Bay, including Dursey and Beare Islands, Beare Haven, 
and the whole of Bantry Bay. [Additions by Sir William Cecill. 
Irish Maps, Vol. i. No. 27.] 

11. Petition of Sir Ralph Bagenall to the Privy Council. He 
was compelled to seek refuge in France, for having denied the 
receiving of the Pope in Queen Mary's first parliament. His losses. 
Prays for a grant of 501. lands in fee farm. 


Jan. 27. 12. Sir John Travers to the Lord Deputy Sussex. The Lord 

Moungton. Justice Sir Henry Sydney has passed through the Byrnes and taken 

[Monkstown ?] pledges. O'Carroll will meet Shane O'Neill at Dundalk. The 

Conors build apace in their country. Desires Sussex to declare that 

he had done nothing amiss, whereby he should lose his pension of 

1 2cZ. ob. per diem. Mr. Barnaby Fitz Patrick is his agent in the 

suit for restoration of his pension. 


Feb., early. 13. Notes of the Earl of Sussex to induce Queen Elizabeth to 
permit him to remain in England. He has brought his " wyef," 
with a great part of his family and horses with him. He holds two 
offices of Her Majesty, as Captain of the Pensioners and as Justice 
of the Forests, the ordering whereof " ys ynough occupare totum 
hominem." The Lord Justice Sydney will manage the affairs of 
Ireland with the present reduced establishment better than he. 
Shane O'Neill is joined in " gossopryke " with the Lord Justice 
Sydney, which band of friendship he will not break. 

Feb. 4t. 14. Memorandum of harp money made for Ireland, in the Mint 
within the Tower of London, since the beginning of the late Queen's 

Feb. 15. 15. Christopher Bodkin Archbishop of Tuam, Rowland Burke 
Galway. Bishop of Clonfert, and the Mayor and Commons of Galway to the 
Queen. Certify the benefits derived to them from the government 
of the Earl of Clanrycard. His conquest of an army of Scots on 
the 8th Sept. last. Desire that he may have the Crown revenues 
of Galway. 



VoL - L 

[Feb. 15.] 16. Petition of the Earl of Clamycard sent to the Queen. For 
the leading and " capitanry" of Connaught. The succession of his first 
son. The crown revenues of Galway. And divers lands and castles. 
[For the Queen's answer see the instructions in 1559, July 16.] 

Feb. 15 ? 17. Petitions of the Earl of Clanrycard to the same. For a grant 
of the Captainship of COM aught ; the cockets and customs of Galway, 
the keeping of the castles of Roscommon and Mylycke, Mockallen 
and Tyaconny ; the fee farm of the nunnery of Kylcrenaght ; and 
the confirmation of all his patents and grants made to him by former 
Kings; and that the son of his first wife ir.ry inherit after him 
notwithstanding his divorce. 

18. Note of the Earl of Clanrycard's wives and concubines now 

Feb. 26. 19. Sir W. Cecill to Mr. Valentine Browne, to be certified 
Tire Court. o f the truth of the complaint of certain soldiers serving in Ireland, 
that their wages have been of long time unpaid. 

Feb. 28. 


20. Val. Browne to Sir W. Cecill. That the soldiers (complaining 
as above) had been discharged in the first year of Queen Mary's 
reign, but that Sir Anthony Sentleger took them into his retinue, 
and so he should be charged with their wages. Incloses Sentleger's 
own warrant for them to be victualled as the rest of his own band. 
Browne desires a warrant for payment of his own wages. [This is 
written on Cecill' s letter.] Incloses, 

20. I. Order from the Lord Deputy Sir Anthony Sentleger to the 
Portreeve of Tassagard, to victual 4 horsemen and their boys, with 
the Portreeve's statement of their expenses. 1555, Oct. 21, Dublin. 

March 15 ? 21. Mayor and Brethren of Youghal to Cecill. They have 
addressed letters to Queen Elizabeth. They desire his favour to the 
bearer in obtaining the confirmation of their charter. [This letter 
has no date of the year, but is endorsed 1559, March 15 ; it must 
however be 1558-9, March 15, as it is mentioned in the instructions 
of July IQ.] 

[March 15.] 22. Summary of the petition of the Mayor and Commons of 
Youghal to Queen Elizabeth. 

March 20 ? 23. Petition of Matthew Kyng to the Lord Deputy and Council. 
His losses in the reign of Queen Mary. Desires to be discharged 
of a certain recognizance in which lie stands bound to the Ex- 

24. Matthew Kyng to Cecill. His losses by the Irish rebels. 
The detraction of a lease of three parsonages in the late reign. He 
desires to have the parsonages of Laracor and Siddon, in co. Meath, 
and the rectory of Dunboyne, belonging to the late Priory of 
Mullingar, in lease in lieu thereof. 

March 20. 





March 25. 25. Earl of Sussex to Sir W. Cecill, Principal Secretaiy. Incloses 

Cannon Row. Pepparde's offers for the Mines and Mint. Recommends certain men 

come out of Ireland with letters. The fortifications in Leix and 

Offaley. Recommends that Sydney be continued in the government. 

Money and munition to be hastened. Draycott to be despatched. 

May 17. 26. Memorandum of a proportion of munition to be sent to 
Ireland, with a comparison of what had been sent the 19th March 
1557-8. Certain superfluous ordnance in Ireland to be returned to 
the Tower of London. 

May 22. 27. Private requests of the Earl of Sussex for certain payments 
and allowances, and that his entertainment in Ireland may be after 
the rate of current money of England. 

May 23 ? 28. Petitions of Auditor Valentine Browne upon his despatch. 

May 23. 29. Estimate of the charges for Auditor Browne's journey into 
Ireland, being 1 65. 2s. 8cZ. 

May [23.] 30. The Queen to Valentine Brown, to take all the accounts of 

Westminster. Ireland. 

May 23. 31. Privy Council to the Lord Justice Sydney. Val. Browne is 
sent to take the accounts. The Clerk of the Check to make a book of 
all the Captains, Officers, and soldiers, as they were at the last pay. 
Regulations to prevent deceit. 

May 28. 32. The Bishop of Leighlin's " renouncing of his temporalties to 
the Quenes Highnes." Abjuration of the Pope's authority. Latin. 

May 28. 33. English of the above endorsed. The oath of the Bishop of 

June 7. 34. Mat. Kyng to the Lord Deputy Sussex. Has received his 

Dublin. letters of May 22, with the schedule. Variance between the said 

schedule and that sent from the Queen to the Lord Justice. Auditor 

Browne arrived June 5. He desires the lease of the parsonage of 

Laracor or Siddon in the county of Meath. 

June 22. 35. " Confirmation of the regalities " of the county of Kerry, to 
Westminster. Gerald Fitz James Fitzgerald Earl of Desmond. Latin. 

June 23. " 36. Articles of Thomas Fyllie [alias Field or 0-Fihal] Bishop of 

Greenwich. Leighlin, undertaking the exchange of certain church lands by 

Leighlin Castle for others of like value. Abjuring the Pope's 

authority within the Queen's territories, &c. Signed by himself 

and divers of the Privy Council. Latin. 

June 25. 37. Note of a proportion of munition to be provided for Ireland. 

June. 38. The Queen to M'Donnell, commendatory of his fidelity and 

Westminster, diligent service, which have been reported to her by the Earl of 
Sussex. Latin. [It is to be remarked that Queen Elizabeth's 
signature is not completed to this draft. There is an item in 
Sussex's instructions of July 1 6, to accept in good part, the suit of 
Sorley Boy M'Donnell, th& brother to James.] 



July 12. 39. The Queen to the Archbishop of Dublin, Lord Chancellor. 
The hand of Lord Deputy Sussex to be sufficient for ensealing certain 

July 16? 40. Summary by Henry Draycott of such letters patent and 
commissions as are necessary to be passed now for Ireland, with 
Draycott's petition for the fee farm of certain lands. 

July 16 ? 41. Memorandum of letters patent and commissions to be prepared 
for Ireland. 

July 16? 42. Remembrances to Mr. Secretary, relative to the suppression 
of the Irish Monasteries, and other points of government. 

July 16 ? 43. Petition of William Pers, Constable of Knockfergus, to the 
Privy Council. The repair and walling of the Castle. Desires a 
certain sum of money, with the house of the Friars there ; and also 
to have a patent of his office for life 

July 16 ? 44. Requests of the Earl of Desmond to the Queen. To be 
restored" to the possession of Dungarvan; and to have a grant of the 
cantred of Onaght, the Castle of Limerick, and leases of the Abbies 
of Ardmoy and Ballyndrehed in the county of Cork, and of Wotheny 
in the county of Limerick, the lands of the late Justice Delahide,, 
called Moyglare, in the county of Dublin, and also a confirmation of 
the liberties and county palatine of Kerry. 

July 16 ? 45. Petition of the Earl of Ormond to the same, for restitution 
of a house called Leighliu Bridge. To appoint him as Captain of 
Leinster, that is to say of the Kavanaghs, Tooles, and Byrnes, for 
the most part rebels. To have a sufficient authority to provide 
victual within his own rule for the furniture of his house, and a 
grant of the fee-farm of Onaght. 

July 16 ? 46. Petitions of the Earl of Ormond. To have all his old debts 
forgiven, amounting to 600. Further years in certain farms in 
Kilkenny. The farm of the Onaght after the Earl of Desmond. 
Also a letter to the Earl of Desmond concerning the prize wines of 

July 16 ? 47. A memorial in Sir W. Cecill's hand relative to the points to 
be considered for the despatch of the Earl of Sussex. 

July 16? 48. Remembrance for the causes of Ireland by Cecill. 

July 16 ? 49. Summary of the requests of the Earl of Clanrycard ; Earl of 
Ormond ; William Lealy the Dean of Tuam ; Countess of Desmond 
and Ormond ; Bishop of Leighlin ; Bishop of Clunye ; Earl of 
Desmond ; Galway ; Youghal ; Andrew Skyddye, student in the 
Inner Temple ; Thomas Coppinger ; Sir Richard Butler ; Viscount 
Mountgarret ; Mat. Kyng ; Waterford. 

July 16 ? 50. Note of the particular or private suits of Sir R. Butler 
Viscount Mountgarret ; James Butler, Esq. ; Geo. Foxley, pen- 
sioner ; the Earl of Ormond ; and Walter Pepparde. 



July 16 ? 51. Note of private suits of Ireland, viz., of the Mayor and town 
of Knockfergus for charter ; Carlingford ; Sir Edmund Butler 
Baron of Dunboyne ; W. Pers Constable of Knockfergus ; and John 
Elyot master gunner in Ireland. 

July 16 ? 52. Petition of George Foxley to the Queen concerning his 

July 16 ? 53. Petition of Sir Edmund Butler Baron of Dunboyne, to the 
same, for the fee farm of the temporalities of Hore Abbey, beside 
Cashel. Also of the Grange of Athefathe, parcel of the late hospital 
of St. John's without Newgate, adjoining to a house of the said 
Baron in co. Tipperary, with a lease of certain spiritualities. 

[July 16.] 54. Similar petition of Sir E. Butler Baron of Dunboyne. 

July 16? 55. Petition of James Butler, Esq. to the Queen, for the renewing 
of a lease of the possessions of the Abbey of Dusk. 

July 16 ? 56. Instructions for the suits of Sir Richard Butler Viscount 
Mountgarret, to be delivered to the Earl of Sussex at Court. 

July 16? 57. Memoranda for the despatch of the Earl of Sussex. With the 
matters to be considered in the instructions apart. 

July 16 ? 58. Memorandum of matters to be considered in the instructions 
to the Deputy and Council. 

July 16 ? 59. Instructions by the Queen to Thos. Earl of Sussex, her 
Majesty's Deputy of Ireland. [Draft. Indorsed July 1 0, by Cecill.] 

July 16. 60. The above instructions with three supplementary pages. To 
Greenwich, allow Shane O'Neill to succeed his father in title and lands. To 
accept in good part the suit and submission of Sorley Boy M'Donnell 
the brother of James. To prefer Serjeant Richard Fynglas to the 
place of Chief Justice of the King's Bench in the room of Sir Gerald 
Aylmer who is aged. McCarthy More to be advanced to some 
degree of honour. The new Great Seal for Ireland delivered to 
Sussex " sealed upp by us with our signett." 

July 16. 61. Instructions given by the Queen to the Lord Deputy Sussex 
and such other persons, as hereby Her Majesty is pleased to authorize 
to be of her Council with him. 

July 16. 62. Earlier draft of the above. 

July 16. 63. A memorial of such answers as the Queen hath given to 
sundry private suits, delivered to the Lord Deputy to proceed 
therein, viz., to the suits of the Earl of Clanrycard ; the Dean ot 
Tuam ; Sir Thos. Fyllie, Bishop of Leighlin ; the citizens of 
Waterford, to transport 800 quarters of grain; the Viscount 
Mountgarret ; James Butler, one of the brethren of the Earl of 
Ormond ; John Elyot, Master Gunner of Ireland ; the Bailiffs, 
Burgesses, and Commons of Carlingford, for liberties ; the Mayor 
and Commons of Kuockfergus to have their town walled ; town of 
Dungarvan 200 quarters of grain ; Earl of Desmond ; Baron of 


1559. - L 

Duuboyne ; Mayor and Commons of Youghal for ordnance and 
munition from Waterford, and to transport grain ; John Piers, 
Constable of the Castle of Knockfergus for maintenance. 

July 16. 64. Original draft of the first portion of the above. , 

[July 16.] 65. Memorandum of Lords and Nobility to whom the Queen's 
letters are to be directed, commending them for their service, and 
exhorting them to obey the Lord Deputy's commands, and follow 
such orders as he shall appoint for the government of the realm. 

July 16. 66. Memorandum of the Deputies and Officers in Ireland by Sir 
W. Cecill, from 1553 to 1559, July 16. 

July 16? 67. Petition of William Lealy Dean of Tuam, and Sir John 
Bermyngham Archdeacon of Enachdune, now Annaghdown, to the 
Privy Council. To be informed of their determination as to granting 
the Cocket of Galway to the Earl of Clanrycard. 

July 19. 68. The Queen to Lord Deputy Sussex. English money is now 
being sent over by Sir William Fytzwylliams. The same to be 
regulated by proclamation. Certain coins specified to be decried. 
Instructions for the rates to be allowed to civil and military officers 
here named. 

[July 19.] 69. Remembrances by Sir W. Fytzwyiliams to the Privy 
Council, relative to the allowance for the carriage of treasure from 
London to Ireland. 

July 20. 70. Memoranda for the despatch of the Earl of Sussex. [Indorsed 
July 20, but probably a few days earlier] 

August 23. 71. Edw. Walshe to Sir W. Cecill relative to the government of 
the Earl of Sussex and Sir Henry Sydney, and recommending a 
different policy as contained in his three books. 

August 23. 7-2. A book of the causes of the disobedience and disorders of the 
Irishry, as well as of the decay of the English and other civil 
inhabitants of the Pale. 

August 23 ? 73. A book similar to the above with considerable additions. 

Sept. 14 74. Brief of the account of Sir H. Sydney Vice Treasurer, for 
three years, four months, and twenty-five days, beginning 1st May, 

Oct. 15. 75. The Queen to the Lord Deputy Sussex. Warrant for a grant 
Westminster, under the Great Seal to George Gerland, gent., of an estate of in- 
heritance of and in Parysh of Agher's lands, of the value of 17 marks 
sterling. [Minute.] 

Dec. 8. 76. Memorandum of the decease of Richard Baron Delvin. 
Dec. 12. 77. The Queen to Sussex in favour of the bearer William Vernon, 

gentleman, to have a lease in reversion of certain lands belonging to 

the late hospital of St. John's. 

[1559.] 78. Petition of Donnell O'Sullivan to the Privy Council, relative 
to the controversy between his uncle and him. 


Vor " L 

79. Shane O'Neill to the Queen. A peace lately concluded between 
the Earl of Sussex and him, on which he made certain requests 
which his Lordship and the Council could not grant. Sends his said 
requests by the bearer the Dean of Armagh. The rude, uncivil, and 
disobedient people where he now dwells, will fall to civility " and 
hereafter be faithful], obedyent, and trwe subjectes unto God, and 
unto your Highnes. And allso, hawinge my requestes, I shalbe able 
to exile your Grace's enymyes, subdue traytours, owercom rebells, 
and suche as will disobeye." [This was probably sent about the 
end 0/1559. Fytzwylliams writes to Sussex on the 6th of March, 
] 560, " but I beleve so longe as that plean mening Donilaugh 
(Danyell} of his the Dean is with your Lordship, he (Shane] woll 
but brage."] 

1559? 80. The names of the Council of Ireland, including Jaques 

Wingfeld, the Master of the Ordnance. [These do not exactly tally 
with the names in 1559, July 16.] 

1559 ? 81. Names of all the gentlemen inhabiting the counties of 
Kilkenny and Tipperary with their lands valued. With a note by 
Sir W. Cecill of Mr. Gracee's report of the number of portions alias 
beds in the same counties, whereon men and armour are leviable. 

[1559.] 82. Earl of Sussex to the Queen, with a minute of a letter for his 
discharge from payment of the subsidy. 

1559 ? 83. Memorandum for reducing the Queen's charge in Ireland. 

1559 ? 84. A device for the government of Ireland, showing by what 
means the countries of OfFaley and Levx, and the ten countries 
adjoining to them may be brought to peace and quiet. Noting also 
by what means the Scots may be exiled. " Ther be certen Skotts 
that dwellithe in the Northe contre by the see side, that have had 
certeyn terry tori es of certein gentlemen by marriage, and have 
contynued and kept ther possession thies 300 years, and ar now 
naturall Iryshemen and subjects." To this paragraph Sir John 
Alen has set in the margin, " A lye." " The greate favour and 
love that of oulde time hathe bene betwene the Quenes highenes 
auncestors and tha-uncestors of James M'Coynell, who is of the 
blode roiall of Skotlande." 

1559 ? 85. The Queen to Warham Sentleger and Robert Sentleger, to 
send over the books and writings of John Bale, late Bishop of Ossory, 
" a man that hath byn studious in the serche for the history and 
antiquities of this our realme," which he left behind him " in the 
tyme of our late sister Quene Mary, when he was occasioned to 
departe out of Ireland," " for the illustration and setting forth of 
the storye of this our realme by him, the said Bale." 





Feb. 3. 
Feb. 8. 

VOL. II. 1560. 

1. A note, containing certain alterations in the bills of Ireland 
from the statutes of England, and the causes of the same. 

2. Act for conferring and consecrating of Archbishops and Bishops 
in Ireland. [Draft of Act 2 Eliz., cap. 4.] 

3. A book of the Queen's revenues in Ireland. Latin. 

4. An Act for the election of the Lord Justice. 

Feb. 8. 5. An Act intituled the exposition of Poynings' Act. 

March 6. 6. Lord Justice Sir William Fytzwylliams to the Lord Deputy 

Trim. Sussex. The country is in the same state as when he left. He 

wrote a second time to Shane O'Neill the 5th of March in his 

journey to Drogheda, and also sent Patrick Cusake to him. Need 

of money. 

March 8. 7. Same to same. Old 'Conor has escaped from Dublin Castle. 

Mellifont. The effects anticipated. Lead -wanted. A few more men from 
England would appal and disappoint their purposes. The Earl of 
Argyle's sister has lately come over to the Calough O'Donnell her 
husband, and brought with her 1,000 or 2,000 Scots. Shane 
O'Neill has engaged 1,000 or 1,500 Scots or other soldiers. The 
Master of the Ordnance to be cautioned to look more carefully to 
the castle. 

March 8. 8. Same to Cecill, relative to the escape of old O'Conor, &c., 
Siane. as above to Sussex. 

March 15. 9. Same to same. Luttrell's wardship. English priests to be stayed 
Drogheda. j n Ireland. Great treason conspired against the Queen by the Earls 

of Kildare and Desmond when at Limerick before Christmas. Details 

thereof by Robert Adams. 

March 20. 10. The Queen to Sir H. Sydney, for payment to the 800 foot 
presently sent over, to the Lord Deputy's band of horsemen, and to 
all others in garrison both their ordinary and accustomed wages, 
together with a further increase by way of reward. The payments 
to the 800 foot to begin from the 15th inst. 

April 11. 11. Lord Justice Fytzwylliams to [Cecill] relative to the reports 
Drogheda. o f invasion by France and Spain, brought by one Mannering, a 

servant to the Marquis of Northampton. Robert Adams's news. 

The Countess of Tyrone has given information on the same subject. 

General expectation of a stir. French ships. The coinage. News 

from Limerick of French ships having landed at Baltimore. 

April 20. 12. Same to Cecill. Has received his letter of April 3d. His 
acknowledgment of the Queen's favour in accepting of his poor 
service. The Irish watch the enterprize of Scotland. Shane O'Neill 
has suffered a prey and burning in the English Pale upon land of 
the Baron Slane. O'Brien's brother has landed. The measures 
taken in consequence. " The Earl Donnell O'Donnell of the Isles" is 
in Cantyre with James M'Donnell. Sorley Boy is still honest. 
Has sent corn and other provision to Knockfergus. 



[April.] 13. A note of the horsemen and footmen, with the names of their 
leaders, which served in Ireland when the Earl of Sussex was Deputy 
there, besides such as were in garrison there. 

May 9. 14. Summary of the petitions and offers of Sorley Boy M'Donnell, 
with the instruction given to Humfrey Warne, gent., one of Her 
Majesty's Council of Ireland, sent to James M'Donnell and Sorley 
Boy his brother. 

May. 1 5. Collection of the advertisements out of Ireland, chiefly gathered 

from the letters of Lord Justice Fytzwylliams. 

May. 16. Memoranda for despatch of Sussex as Lord-Lieutenant. 

May 28. 17. Secret instructions to Sussex to procure the Earl of Kildare 
to come to England, and for his arrest in case of obstinacy. 

18. Instructions to the Earl of Sussex, on his being appointed 
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. [Second draft.] 

19. Instructions as above. [First draft all in Cecill's hand.] 

May ? 20. Memorial of considerations for reforming Ireland, The Scots. 

Shane O'Neill. Civil rebels. Justice to be indifferent. Revenues. 
The Earl of Ormond to be rewarded. A seneschal for Wexford. 

May. 21. Memorial by Sussex for the Queen. The enterprize against 

Shane O'Neill. The slander of Sussex having cut off the heads of 
those who came to him upon his word. 

May? 22. Memorandum relative to the payment of the Establishment 

of Ireland in base and current coin. 

May ? 23. Memorandum by Sussex of accounts due to the army up to 

February 1st 1559-60, with several other items. 

[May ?] 24. Bequests of the Earl of Sussex to the Queen, that consideration 
may be had of his expenses in travelling with his wife and family ; 
that his entertainment may be such as he may be able to live, 
notwithstanding the baseness of the money. 

July 6. 25. The Queen to the Earl of Sussex, Lord-Lieutenant of Ireland. 
Has received his letters by bearer, with information of the quietness 
of the realm. Commends his exertions. Approves his sending for 
the Earls of Ormond and Desmond. Instructions thereon. The 
Lord Justice Fytzwylliams to have thanks for his good service 

July 19. 26. O'Neill to the Earl of Argyle. Proposes an alliance between 
them. Desires Argyle's sister in marriage. Indorsed " Ye letter 
yat O'Neill send out of Ireland' to ye Erie of Argyell, translaitit out 
of Eris in to Scottis, as neir ye plirays of ye Eris as it cald be." 

July 19 ? 27. Earl of Argyle's request to Queen Elizabeth, for his service 
proffered for subduing Ulster. 



July 19 ? 

August 1. 



28. List of the names, of them that in Ulster, either are plain 
disobedient to the Queen, or else, although they do no great harm, 
come not to civility, or obedience to the Lord Deputy. Also what 
the Earl of Argyle will undertake for the reduction of Ulster. 

29. Orders taken by the Lord Lieutenant Sussex and Council, 
between the Earls of Ormond and Desmond. 

August 15. 30. The Queen to the Lord Lieutenant Sussex. Has received 
his letter of the 7th August, concerning the continuance of Shane 
O'Neill's evil disposition. The Earl of Argyle and James M'Donnell 
are willing to serve in Ireland. Authorizes the subjugation of Shane 
O'Neill and the restitution of [Barnaby] the young Baron of 
Dungannon " being y e heyre in right." 

August 21. 31. The Queen to Lord Lieutenant Sussex. Approves of his 
Winchester, proposals in letters to Mr. Secretary of 10th August. Desires the 
pacification of Ireland. Sussex to send some trusty person, in- 
structed with his opinion. To proceed against Shane O'Neill 

August 23. 32. Award for the* Earl of Desmond against the Earl of Ormond 

Clonmel. by Sir George Stanley, Marshal of the army, Sir T. Cusake, and John 

Parker, Master of the Rolls, Commissioners for hearing their causes. 

Sept. 5. 33. Gilbert Gerrard, Esq., Attorney General of Eogland, to Cecill. 

Drogheda. Will endeavour to establish better order in the revenues. The Lord 
Lieutenant's great exertions. O'Reilly, O'Donnell, Sorley Boy. and 
Maguire have promised to join against Shane O'Neill. His opinion 
of the people. 

Sept. 18. 34. Articles agreed on by the Earl of Sussex and Council, and 
delivered to the Earl of Kildare, to the intent he should repair with 
the same to Carrick-Bradock, to receive the oath of Shane O'Neill, 
for the performance of them. 

Sept. 18. 35. Answer of Shane O'Neill to the articles as above, signed by 
Shane O'Neill. 

[Sept. 18.] 36. Articles added to the former articles by Terence Danyell Dean 
of Armagh, Patrick, Dean of Tulhog, [perhaps Drum-Tullagh] and 
Sir John Garwe, Shane O'Neill's commissioners authorized from him 
for that purpose. 

Sept. 18. 37. The Queen to the Lord Lieutenant and Council. To be 
certified of the truth of wrongs alledged to have been done to the 
late William Bathe of Dullards town co. Meath, and to his son 
Thomas, by Chief Justice Fynglas, in the time of King Henry 

Oct. 23. 


38. Lord Lieutenant Sussex to Cecill. His letters of Oct. 6th 
received. The fall of money in England. His losses in consequence. 
Desires Cecill's aid in saving his credit. To borrow 500/. of the 
Queen. The bearer, Robt. Butler, has his bond for repayment of 
the same. 




Oct. 24. 39. Lord Lieutenant Sussex to Cecill. Thanks for his advertise - 
Lismuilin. ments. Opinion of Sussex relative to the Queen's marriage. Pro- 
posals for the reformation of the coin in Ireland. 

Oct. 24. 40. Modern copy of the above. 

Nov. 2. 41. Lord Lieutenant to Cecill. Has sent over his brother to 

Dublin. explain the state of Ireland. Desires the Queen's answer to the 

letters and articles sent over by Mr. Attorney Gerrard. Commends 

the constancy of the Lord Chancellor Hugh Curwen to the Crown, 

and requests his appointment to the see of Hocthford [Oxford]. 

Nov. 2. 42. Modern copy of the above. 

Nov. 6. 43. Lord Lieutenant and Council to the Queen. Certify the 
Dublin, particulars of the attainder of William Bathe for treasonable words 
spoken, in the time of Thomas Fitzgerald's rebellion. 

[Nov. 6.] 44. Certificate of money delivered out of the Exchequer to the 
Earl of Sussex and to others to his use, as yet not answered. 

Nov. 12. 45. The Queen to Sussex. To send over from Ireland a hundred 
or more hard-hewers, for the expedition of the works at Berwick 
upon Tweed. 

Nov. 13. 46. Lord Chancellor Hugh Curwen and Sir W. Fytzwylliams to 
"Saint Pulckers"the same, for further order respecting the bond of Walter 

[St. Sepulchres.] p epparde and hig suretieS- 

Nov. 16. 47. Lord Chancellor and Council of Ireland to the same. Walter 
Dublin. Pepparde maketh utter refusal to be bound as the warrant directed, 
so they have sent back the books by the bearer. 

Nov. [25.] 48. The Queen to Sir W. Fytzwylliams, Vice Treasurer, to take 
back certain monies imprested to the Lord Lieutenant Sussex before 
the fall, at the same rate as he had received them. [Draft in 
Sussex's own hand.~\ 

[Nov.] 49. George Tresham's account for the fining, in Ross and 

Dec. 15. 50. The Queen to the Lord Lieutenant Sussex. Allowance of his 
doings for the ordering of the currency after the rates formerly 
appointed. Measures to prevent the transportation of the base 
English coins into Ireland. The Irish currency will be considered 
of in a short time. The intended rebellion of the O'Mores. The 
Earl of Ormond commended. 

Dec. 16. 51. Same to the Earl of Ormond. Commends him for the defeat 
of an assembly of certain rebels of the O'Mores gathered at the 
Abbey of Holy Cross. 

Dec. 18. 52. Same to the Lord Lieutenant and Lord Chancellor forregrant 
of a lease of 21 years of the Abbey of Conall, to Edward Randolfe. 



Dec. 20. 


53. A note of the monies now current in Ireland, with a note for 
an Irish standard to be made after a rate specified. 

[Dec. 20.] 54. An estimate of the base monies in Ireland, coined in the 
reigns of Mary and Elizabeth. 

55. An estimate of the base monies in Ireland. 

[Dec. 20.J 

[Dec. 20.] 

Dec. 21. 


56. Memorandum of rates for the base monies in Ireland. 

57. The Queen to the Lord Lieutenant and Chancellor for 
decrying the monies of Ireland, so as to bring them to bear the 
same proportion to the English monies as they did before the 
English were decried. [Orig. returned Jan. 13.] 

Dec. 21. 58. Draft of the above. 

Dec. 28. 59. The Queen to the Lord Lieutenant Sussex. The parson of 
Westminster. Swords, to keep quiet possession of the farm and house of the same 
parsonage, till Andrew Brereton be able to put him out, by order of 
the common law. 

[1560?] 60. Petition of George Grenleffe to the Master of the Queen's 
Majesty's Wards, for the Black Friars of Kilmallock, which is by 
survey but 4. Os. Wd. per annum. He promises good service in 
getting hawks, " as gosshawkes, faycons, and merlyons." 

1560 ? 61. Memorandum as to the value of English and Irish monies. 

1560 ? 62. The valuation of sundry coins, both of silver and base metal, 
current in Ireland, and reduced into current money of England. 

1560 ? 63. Note by Sir Thomas Parry relative to the value of wardships. 

1560 ? 64. Petition of Philip Butler alias Athlone, Pursuivant of Arms 

in Ireland, to Queen Elizabeth, for a lease of 21 years of the manor 
of Eskyr in the county of Dublin. 

1560 ? 65. An abstract of ancient names now not in being. 

1560 ? 66. A plat of Maryborough. The fort and town with the names 

of each inhabitant attached to his house. Among them occurs 
Francis Cosbie. 


Jan. 13. 1. Lord Lieutenant Sussex to the Queen, in answer to hers of 
Leighlin. D ec . 15 an( j 21, relative to the currency. He returns that of 
Dec. 21, because it does not clearly define the values of the monies 
to be decried, whether sterling or Irish, with remarks. Incloses, 

1. I. A note of the values and computations of the coins of 
England and Ireland as they have been of former times, and as 
they now be, and how they be to be rated proportionably. 1560-1, 
January 13. 




1561. VOL. III. 

Jan. 14. 2. Examinations of Donnell M' Vicar relative to a reconciliation 
between Neil M'Lice and Lisagli M'Kedow, and their mutual oaths 
given at Holy Cross. The promise of the Earl of Desmond to aid 
Lisagh M'Kedow with men. Shane O'Neill's message to the said 
Lisagli M'Kedow. The spoils taken, sold in Kilkenny. James 
M 'Grace M'Shane aids and participates in the prey of the Prior of 
Ballykyryn and Piers Dobin. Memorandum of Lisagh M'Kedow's 
deposition being similar. 

Jan. 19. 3. The Queen to the Lord Lieutenant, or to the Lord Justice, and 
Westminster, to the Lord Chancellor, for Edward Kandolfe, gent., to have a new 
grant of a lease in reversion of the Abbey of Conall for 21 years. 

Jan. 20. 4. Articles drawn out of the indenture made between Her Majesty 
and James M'Donnell, of the realm of Scotland, of the demise of 
certain lands for 21 years, on condition of certain services to be 
performed by him in Ulster, &c. 

Jan. 24. 5. Proclamation or order for all searchers to search all ships 
Dublin. freighted out of the realm, and if they find any money, to arrest the 
money and the parties that have laden the same. 

Jan. 25. 6. Orders taken by the Lord Lieutenant and Council, for payment 
Dublin. to be made by the victuallers, to certain counties for cesses of corn, 
appointed for the furniture of the forts the four years last past, and 
to divers Irish for beeves. And also for money to be delivered 
to the victuallers to pay presently for the proportion of corn and 
beeves cessed for this year. 

Jan. 26. 7. Lord Lieutenant and Council to the Queen, in favour of Shane 

Dublin. O'Neill's suit to Her Majesty, to admit his servant to receive his 

protection at her own hands, with some favourable words, that he, 

the said O'Neill, may repair to her presence to solicit his petitions 

with greater confidence. 

January ? 8. The Queen to the Earl of Sussex, with license for his present 
repair to England for a short time, and informing him that, if his 
intention be, to set forth any great exploit of conquest, there is great 
doubt that the treasure can be spared this year. [Draft. The latter 
part of the above is in Cecill's hand, and follows the following.] 

Jan. Same to the Nobility and Council. Requiring them to aid and 

advise Sir Win. Fytzw}dliams, Vice Treasurer, whom she had 
appointed Lord Justice during the absence of the Lord Lieutenant. 

Jan. 28. 9. Lord Justice Sir Win. Fytzwylliams to the Queen. Has 
Dublin. received her letter and commission to be Lord Justice. 

Feb. 2. 10. The Queen to Shane O'Neill. To send his agent, fully 
Westminster, instructed in his petitions, and without delay, that she may be the 
better able to take order therein, during the stay of the Lord 

Lieutenant Sussex in England. 




1561. VOL. III. 

Feb 2. 11. Memorandum of rates for Irish monies. 

Feb. 6. 12. Memorial of letters to be prepared for Ireland, respecting 
Shane O'Neill's coming to England. The proclamation for the coin. 
The fittest place for refining. State of munition in the forts. 

Feb. 8. 13. Lord Justice Sir Wm. Fytzwylliams to Cecill. The 100 
Thomas Court, masons despatched for Berwick. Shane O'Neill is likely to do 
mischief in the English Pale. He has burned three small villages. 

13. i. T. Lord Louth and Capt. Humphrey Warne to the Lord 
Justice Fytzwylliams, respecting Shane O'Neill's refusal to come 
to terms, till Henry O'Neill be turned out of the English Pale. 
Jan. 5, Tallanstown. 

Feb. 8. 


Feb. 10. 

Feb. 12. 


Feb. 12. 

Feb. 12. 

14. Shane O'Neill to the Queen. His early service. Sussex 
favoured Matthew Kelly, whom some men called Baron O'Neill. 
His father " never Refucid no child that any woman namyd to be 
his." His election to be O'Neill. His prosperous government has 
caused all the waste country to be inhabited. He desires some 
English gentlewoman of noble blood to wife. He sends by the bearer 
the Council's letter in his favour [Jan. 26.]. He claims the town 
of Balgriffin as his father's heir, and denies that the son of Matthew 
O'Neill has any right to it. The interview with the Lord of 
Louth and Capt. Warne, Commissioners for a reformation, was 
not productive of good effect, through the hindrance of Felim Roe 
O'Neill and his son, in pursuit of whom some of Shane's men had 
burnt some houses within the English Pale. He desires that Teig 
O'Brien may have a safe conduct, to accompany him. 

15. A memorial of the charge committed to Thomas Smyth and 
William Williams presently sent into Ireland, to seek out a fit place 
for the refining of the base monies in Ireland. Recommending 
Dublin, Wicklow, Power's Court or Monasterevan. 

16. Shane O'Neill to Sir William Cecill. Desires his favour in 
forwarding his suits to the Queen. He doubts not that within 
three years he may be a mean that Her Majesty may have a yearly 
revenue instead of the continual charges she has been at. He prays 
that his man the bearer may resort to him, and that he would bring 
him to the Queen's presence. 

17. A remembrance by Sir James Croft, showing the need of 
some to administer justice throughout Ireland, and proposing that 
Grammar Schools be erected, that the people may be bred to be 
meet for that purpose ; also the dissensions in Ulster, the numbers 
of Scots, and proposals for reformation thereof. 

18. Memorial by Cecill, taken out of Sir James Croft's proposal 
relative to the lack of justice and ministers in Ireland. And out of 
Sir Henry Sydney's [letter] for dividing Ulster into shires, and 
reducing it to obedience like England. 


Feb. 21. 

Feb. 23. 

The Castle. 

1561. VOL. III. 

Feb. 16. 19. Memorial for money matters of Ireland by Cecill. 

Feb. 17. 20. The Queen to Fytzwylliams. Has seen a book of the state 
of the treasure remaining in his hands, and forasmuch as she cannot 
well understand by that declaration its exact state, commands him 
to send a perfect and plain certificate thereof, with an estimate 
what shall be due unto all the retinues there, by the end of this 
present February, and also a perfect book of the last musters. 

21. Thomas Earl of Ormond and Ossory to Cecill. Has received 
the Queen's letters of thanks, for service done against the outlaws of 
Leix. Doubts moved by the Queen's learned counsel abridging the 
warrant for his farms to be renewed to him for 31 years. 

22. Sir Jaques Wingfeld to the Lord Lieutenant Sussex. Forty 
masons from the west, taken up for the service at Berwick. Shane 
O'Neill has quarrelled with the town of Dundalk for Henry 
O'Neill's abode there. As Shane went homeward from Dundalk, 
" Cale O'Raylly toke certain of his galloglas and strypt them 
oonely, wheruppon Shane toke up oone moneths vyctalls thinking 
to have goone uppon old O'Rayily, and lay in the Brenny to that 
purpose certain dayes." Shane " requyreth to have the towne of 
Dundalk unto him, as the townes of the west be to therle of 
Desmond." Wingfeld had like to have been taken, as had also 
Pypho and two others. Foxley the bearer has forwarded the masons 
to Chester. 

Feb. 23. 23. Memorial of things required for the Mint in Ireland, for the 
fining of the metal, &c. 

Feb. 23 ? 24. An estimate of the charge of refining 60,000 Ibs. weight of 
3 oz. fine, in Ireland. 

Feb. 23 ? 25. Note of what things shall be needful for fining and converting 
60,000 Ibs. weight into fine monies, according to the standard now 
lately made, with the charges. 

Feb. 23 ? 26. Memorandum of the charges that will rise, for the fining of 
60,000 Ibs. weight of base monies of Ireland, with the recoinage of 
the same into fine monies. 

[Feb. 23.] 27. A note of the gain that will rise to the Queen upon 60,000 Ibs. 
weight of Irish harps, which is supposed to be in Ireland. 

[Feb. 23.] 28. An estimate of the charges of the refining of 100,000 Ibs. weight 
of the standard of 3 oz. fine. 

Feb. 23. 29. Valuation of Irish harps. A gain to the Queen's Majesty of 
2,000?. sterling, in refining the 60,000 Ibs. weight. 



1561. VOL. III. 

Feb. 24. 30. A declaration made by the English finers, touching the standard 
of 3 oz. fine, in Ireland. 

Feb. 25. 31. Memoranda, of matters to be despatched presently into 
Ireland, viz. : Letters to Shane O'Neill to hasten the coming of his 
messenger. Letters of advice to the Lord Justice, for ordering the 
borders towards Shane. Sir Henry Radeclyff to be despatched to 
see Leix and Offaley well governed. Matters to be ordered here for 
Ireland. Money. Levy and training of men. Provisions. Con- 
siderations how Shane O'Neill shall be expulsed. 

March 4. 32. A protection or safe conduct for Shane O'Neill, an Irish 
subject, whose countries and servants are not in perfect civility. 
Latin. [First draft.] 

March 8. 33. Fair draft of the above, headed " This was written." Latin. 
March 8. 34. The Queen to the Lord Justice Fytzwylliams and to the 

Lord Chancellor, to decry the monies of Ireland. A Mint to be 

erected at Dublin. 

March 9 ? 35. Book of the accounts of the total charge of the Queen's 
revenues, arrearages, and rents, with other casualties and money 
received in England. Also the issue of the same by virtue of sundry 
warrants. Total of all the pa} 7 ments mentioned, 34,196?. 4s. l^d, 
remainder in the hands of Sir W. Fytzwylliams, Knt., the 
Accountant, 8901. 5s. lO^d. [The last date in this document 
is 1560-1, March 9.] 

March 13. 36. Memoranda for Ireland, viz. : The coining. Provisions. The 
500 men. Letter of thanks to O'Reilly. The agent to be sent 
io m James M'Donnell, to his brother Sorley Boy ; and to O'Donnell. 

[March 13.] 37. Memoranda. The levies. Their shipping. The prest. 100?., 
to the Earl of Sussex for conveying munition. Coining. James 
M'Donnell and O'Donnell. Instructions to the Lord Justice Fytz- 
wylliams, for his policy with Shane O'Neill. 

March 15. 38. The Queen to the Lord Treasurer. The victual, lead, 'and 5 00 
soldiers to be transported to Ireland with secresy. 

[March 20.] 39. The 'same to the Lieutenants of certain counties for the levy 
of men for service in Ireland, and that they be ready within fifteen 

March 20. 40. The same to same ; to send the levies to a certain port, &c. 
[Draft, with a memorandum that the letters were delivered the 
22nd of March, to certain messengers specified.] 

March 25. 41. Lord Justice Fytzwylliams to Cecill. Has received the 
Dublin. Queen's warrant dated Westminster, January 4th, 1561, for a lease 
to be made to one William Vernon, of lands of the late Hospital 
of St. John's without Newgate, to the value of 2QI. per ann. 
The warrant is defective ; and the lands already leased to Neter- 
fyld, servant to my Lord Robert Duddeley [afterwards Earl of 




March 25. 


March 25. 



42. Lord Justice and Council of Ireland to the Queen. Have 
received commission for the amendment of the coins in Ireland. 
The proclamation. The merchants will abstract the monies. 

43. Lord Justice Fytzwylliams to Cecill. Proceedings on the 
commission for decrying the monies. The merchants will not let 
the monies decried come to the treasury. He will with all speed 
send over the note of the Queen's debt to the army, and also the 
names out of the Exchequer. Incloses, 

43. i. Extract of the Commission to decry the monies, March 8. 

March 25. - 44. Memorandum of the revenue due to the Queen in Ireland at 
Lady Day, 1561, with a note of fees to be paid at the said term. 

45. Henry Draycott to Cecill. The defect of the Queen's letters 
brought by the bearer, Mr. Vernon, for a certain grant of lease of 
20. of the possessions of the late Hospital of St. John's without 

46. Lord Justice Fytzwylliams to the Queen. Shane O'Neill is 
not ready to repair to England. 

March 26 

March 31 

March 31. 

April 2. 

April 5. 


47. Lord Justice Fytzwylliams to Cecill. Expects hourly the 
return of his messengers from Shane O'Neill. O'Neill has no money. 
His apparel for coming to England will not be ready for two months. 
Defence of the borders. Poverty of the whole country till the new 
corn. The term sterling money of Ireland, has caused a doubt how 
certain bonds containing that denomination shall be answered now. 

47. i. The book of the last musters of the Queen's army, wards, 
and garrisons in Ireland, containing 27 pages of the names of 
officers and soldiers, signed by Matheiu Kyng, Clerk of the Check. 

47. II. An abstract of all and singlar such ivages and entertain- 
ment as remain due and unpaid to the Queen's army and 
garrison in Ireland, with a defalcation of the prests and also of 
the victuals and munition delivered, leaving 13,047. Os. 2%d. as 
the total due to the last of Feb. 1560-1. Feb. 28. 

48. Brief abstract of the above inclosure. 

49. Sir Wm. Cecill to the Earl of Argyle. Recommends the bearer, 
a gentleman belonging to the Earl of Sussex, Lord Lieutenant in 
Ireland, who hath occasion for performance of certain accords passed 
between his Lordship and James M'Donnell, to repair to the said 
James M'Donnell with such things in writing as the said Lord 
Lieutenant hath obtained of the Queen for him and his brother 
Sorley Boy. He recommends to Argyle perseverance in reading 
and hearing the Gospel, and stoutness against the adverse Papists. 

50. Lord Justice Fytzwylliams to the Queen. Shane O'Neill 
has no money to give into his hands for exchange. O'Brien is to 
accompany him over. Has written to Shane that he may not take 
cause of suspicion. Shane told the messenger he could not be ready 
till nearly the last of May. 



1501. VOL - IIL 

April5. 51. Lord Justice Fytzwylliams to Ceeill. Shane O'Neill his 

Thomas Court, letters. The Lord Justice, the Earl of Kildare and the Marshal to 

meet him on the borders. The Earl of Kildare has lately made a 

journey upon one M'Coghlan, and taken one of the Lord Justice's 

followers, whom he refuses to deliver up. Inclosing, 

51. I. Lord Justice Fytzwylliams to the Earl of Kildare, to 
deliver up to him his man " Farginando O'Dally," and giving 
assurance that he shall answer for any matter that may be brought 
against him. April 1, Dublin. 

51. n. G. Earl of Kildare to the Lord Justice Fytzwylliams declin- 
ing to send Ferdinando O'Dalie, who was at the betraying and 
spoiling of his castle, and taken in skirmish. April 3, Maynooth. 

51. in. Lord Justice Fytzwylliams to the Earl of Kildare with 
a second request for the delivery of his man. April 3, Dublin. 

51. iv. G. Earl of Kildare to the Lord Justice Fytzwylliams, 
has sent for F. C? Dalle and will certify his Lordship at his coming. 
April 5, Maynooth. 

April 7. 52. Edw. Kandolfe to Ceeill. The warrant for the ratification of his 
lease in reversion of the Abbey of Conall is not sufficient and has 
been returned by the Lord Justice. As the farm priory has been 
taken away he desires the fee farm of the rest. [This letter is dated 
1560, although endorsed 1561. The warrant referred to is 1560-1, 
Jan. 19.] 

April 13. 53. The remainder of artillery, powder, and habiliments of war 
in Ireland, with a new supplement sent there for the furniture of 
the same. 

April 14. 54. Memorial by Ceeill. The men and stuff for the coinage. Muni- 
tion. Victual. The new levies. The Captains. The shipping. 
An estimate of the treasure that will be required by the last of 

April 14 ? 55. Memorandum by Cecil! relative to the proportions of men to 
be levied in the different counties for Ireland. Captains. Victual. 

April 19. 


April 21. 

56. John Parker, Master of the Eolls, to Ceeill, for some help in 
respect of the loss he has suffered, by the decrying of the money. 
He desires that the farm which the late Prior O'Molmoy left to his 
two children, the one a boy the other a maid, may not be granted 

57. James Barn e wall, Attorney-General of Ireland, to Ceeill. 
Desires preferment to some farm, as his office is worth but little. 
Recommends the bearer his middle brother, and his suits for the fee 
farm of divers leases. 

April [25.] 58. The Queen to the Lord Treasurer. To write to the receivers of 
the counties adjoining the ports of Bristol and Chester, and to the 
mayors and customers of the same ports, to furnish certain monies 
to George Delves and Robt. Audeley, gent., the captains of the new 
levies for Ireland. 



April 26. 


April 27. 

April 27. 

April 30. 

St. Patricks, 


59. Lord Justice Fytzwylliams to the Queen. Shane O'Neill is 
not able to come without the loan of 3,000i. Probability that he 
would rebel on the receipt of the money. He spoils O'Reilly and 
others in the English Pale. 

60. Instructions given by the Earl of Sussex to William Hutchinson 
sent into Scotland to James M'Donnell, and so into Ireland to 
O'Donnell. To go to Berwick, then to Endinburgh to Thomas 
Randolphe, the Queen's ambassador, and then by his means to the 
Earl of Argyle, and deliver to him letters from Sussex and Cecill, 
and desire his letters to James M'Donnell, and to the old Countess 
of Argyle now in Ireland. To repair next to James M'Donnell, and 
deliver to him the Queen's and other letters. Then to cross to Knock- 
fergus and proceed to O'Donnell, and deliver to him the Queen's 
and other letters, with offers of creating him Earl of Tirconnell. 
And deliver Sussex's letters to his wife, and tell her of the presents 
he has for her, from Queen Elizabeth. The object of the mission is 
to engage them all against Shane O'Neill. 

61. Same to the same, with further orders for his conference with 
James M'Donnell, after he shall have proceeded, as far as is contained 
in his other instructions. 

62. Alexander Craik, Bishop of Kildare and Dean of St. Patricks, 
to Lord Robert Duddeley. He cannot preach to the people, nor 
can the people understand him. He desires to be discharged of his 
bishoprick, and that his man may be despatched. His chaplain, 
Mr. Lofthowse [Adam Loftus, a native of Yorkshire], who has lately 
come over, is his only help in setting forth God's word. [Craik was 
the first to put up a public clock in Dublin. Cotton's Fasti, ii., p. 96.] 

63. Sir Henry Radeclyff to Cecill. Shane O'Neill is not likely to 
go to England. Comments on " the superflewyte of wyne wich he 
dayly usith, and his pernysius cownsellors." He has spoiled O'Reilly. 
Policy of attacking him. Wm. Williams and Smythe have been 
before the Justice and Council, about the refining and recoining. 
Dublin is chosen as the fittest place. Ireland is in good quietness. 

May 4. 64. Lord Justice Fytzwylliams to Cecill. The ordnance at 
Thomas Court. Knockfergus to be mounted. Shane O'Neill. O'Brien. O'Mores 
and O'Conors. William Williams and Thomas Smythe have returned 
from their journey the last of April. Dublin is the fittest place for 
the Mint. The merchants withdraw all the base coins. Shane 
O'Neill has lost two great preys, one by Sorley Boy and the other by 
one of O'Donnell's sons. Incloses, 

64. i. Capt. W. Pers, Constable of Knockfergus, to the Lord 
Justice Sir W. Fytzwylliams. Brian M'Felim Bacagh O'Neill 
persecuted. Sorley Boy will not help him. A kinsman of the 
writer and Brian M'Felim sent to M'Donnell to complain of 
Sorley. James M'Donnell has many carpenters come out of Scot- 
land, to build him a house in the Red Bay. James M'Donnell 
used very evil talk against the Queen, and said that the Queen of 

May 3. 





May 5. 


May 5. 



Scotland was rightful heir. A letter from France to James 
M'Donnell. Secret information by M'Ananney. James and Sorley 
devour the country. Letters from King Philip to Shane O'Neill. 
The ordnance at Knockfergus to be mounted. April 28, Castle of 

65. Lord Justice and Council to the Queen by Wm. Williams. The 
Castle of Dublin, with the help of the chapel next without the gate, 
is the fittest place for the Mint. 

66. Thos. Smythe to Cecill. Has begun to repair furnaces and 
chimneys, to cut wood for the finers and for coal. Desires a flat 
bottomed hoy. The bearer, Wm. Williams, will relate the misery 
and dearth of the country. Patents of their offices. To write to 
Mr. Gonson, Treasurer of the Navy, to pay Smythe the 220. due to 
him last year. 

[May 5?] 

67. Smyth's information for 
account of the 4 septs (chepts) in 
all civility in the land, with particulars of their doings. 

Ireland. A very extraordinary 
manner all rhymers, who destroy 

May 21 ? 68. The Queen to the Nobility and Council of Ireland, recapitulating 
the obduracy of Shane O'Neill, and commanding them to follow the 
directions of the Earl of Sussex, for the suppression of him and his 

May 21. 


69. Same to same, relative to the slanderous assertion in Shane 
O'Neill's letter, that the Lord Lieutenant had in times past, granted 
safe conduct to certain principal persons, and afterwards beheaded 
them contrary to his promise. Shewing that the slander was based 
on the execution of Morough M'Morysh. Such slander to be 
punished. The Earl of Kildare will not be at the consultation 
which the Lord Lieutenant will have with them on his return. 

May 21. 70. Early draft of the above. 

May 21. 


May 22. 

May 22. 
May 22. 

71. The Queen to O'Madden and O'Shaughnessy, commending their 
readiness in her service, and requiring them to assist the Lord 
Lieutenant Sussex in repressing Shane O'Neill. Latin. 

72. The same to the Lord Lieutenant and Council, for the com- 
mittal of such as do not come to church, and for the repairing of the 

73. The same to the [Treasurer] to pay the Lord Lieutenant his 
whole entertainment notwithstanding his absence in England. 

74. Bond of the Earl of Kildare, for repayment to Sir William 
Fytzwylliams in Ireland, to Her Majesty's use, the sum of 5 CO/-. 
English, advanced to him out of her treasure in England. 

May 23. 75. The Lord Lieutenant's memorial for his despatch. 



May. 76. Memorandum of letters and other writings to be prepared for 

the despatch of the Earl of Sussex ; amongst others are mentioned 
letters, for creation of Malachias O'Reilly to be Earl of Brenny and 
Baron of Cavan. The Calough O'Donnell to be Earl of Tirconnell. 

May. 77. Remembrances for the instructions and despatch of the Earl 

of Sussex, in his own hand. 

May 24. 78. Instructions to the Earl of Sussex on his return to Ireland. 
Part of Leix and Offaley to be granted to the O'Conors and O'Mores.. 
The army augmented by 500 footmen and TOO horse. The young 
Baron of Dungannoii, O'Reilly's losses. A speedy hosting of the 
whole country against Shane O'Neill. James M'Donnell and 
Sorley Boy and O'Donnell to make war on O'Neill. For the 
creation of the Earl of Tirconnell. Monies of Ireland. To grant 
the title of Baron of Howth to the son of the late Baron. 

May 25. 79. Lord Lieutenant Sussex to Cecill, with thanks for his friendly 
Cannon Row. and fatherly counsel. 

[May 25.] 80. The Queen to the Lord Treasurer and Chamberlains of the 
Exchequer. Warrant for payment of 17,262?. Os. 4c?. sterling, 
making 23,016?. Os. 6tZ. Irish, to be delivered to the Earl of Sussex 
to be by him delivered over to Sir William Fytzwylliams, Vice- 
treasurer and Treasurer at Wars, 

May 25. 81. Indenture between the Lord Lieutenant Sussex and Sir W. 
Fytzwylliams for the receipt of 17,262?. Os. 4jC?. sterling, sent over 
into Ireland under the charge of the said Earl. 

May 25. 82. Memorandum of the money, victual, and charges contained in 
the treasure sent to Ireland. 

May 27. 83. Queen Elizabeth to the Earl of Sussex. McCarthy More not 
to be created an Earl. O'Reilly to be made Earl of O'Reilly. 

May 30. 84. Lord Justice Fytzwylliams to Cecill. The Calough O'Donnell 
Thomas Court, and his wife the Countess of Argyle, taken by Shane O'Neill. He 
fears it will prove to be the act of the wife, " who is conted very 
sober, wyse, and no lesse sotell, beyng not unlernyd in the Latyn 
tong, speckyth good French, and as is sayd som lytell Italyone." 
Odious rumours from France, Scotland and Spain. Above 3,000 
men prepared by James M'Donnell and the Earl of the Isles, before 
Hutchinson went into Scotland. The general readiness to serve. 

May 30. 85. The same to the Lord Lieutenant Sussex. Sends Capt. Pers's 
Thomas Court, letter and desires it may be forwarded with his letter to Sir W. 
Cecill. The taking of O'Donnell and the Countess of Argyle, out 
of an abbey called Monaster O'Donnell, ten miles within O'DonneU's 
own country. Arrival of the men and money. His suit to repair 
to England at Michaelmas. 



June 8. 

June 9. 

Ex confinibus 

de tir 



June 12. 


Vol. IV. 1561. JUNE DECEMBER. 

1. Proclamation shewing the presumptuous, arrogant, rebellious 
and traitorous deeds of Shane O'Neill, and denouncing him as a rebel 
and traitor. Signed by the Lord Lieutenant and Council. [The 
printed copy of this is inclosed in June 23.] 

2. Shane O'Neill to the Lord Justice. Has read his complaint 
against his (O'Neill's) messenger. Has tortured him, and cut off' his 
ear. The messenger had not spoken O'Neill's mind, as he had been 
provoked by being robbed on the way, by the people of Henry 
O'Neill. He desires to know if any news has come from England 
about his journey thither, or the money he desires to borrow. The 
Constable of Caiiingford has spoiled his men. He desires restitution. 

3. Council of Ireland to the Queen. Have received, on June 7, 
Her Majesty's letters of May 22 (21 in draft). No foundation for the 
slanderous reports against the Earl of Sussex. Morough M'Morish 
was by the sheriff of the county apprehended, and by due order of 
the laws attainted and put to execution. Donough O'Conor. They 
are very glad, that the Earl of Kildare has so gravely and truly 
uttered his opinion, touching the proceedings against Shane O'Neill. 

June 12. 4. Same to the Privy Council. Have received their letters of 
Dublin. May 24th stating that the Earl of Kildare is not the author, or 
furtherer of books of complaint and inislike of the government. 

June 1 6. 5. James, Lord of Slane, to the Lord Lieutenant Sussex. Has 
Beallaho. executed a certain business according to the instructions his Lordship 
sent him by Thomas Fleming of Siddan. He desires to know by 
the bearer whether he is to go forth this journey, or to stay and 
keep the borders. Has but two carts appointed " unto my cariadg." 
Desires 4 or 5 carts. 

June 16. 6. The Queen to the same, with directions for decrying the monies 
Greenwich, of Ireland by proclamation. Resolution for them to be refined and 
recoined in the Tower of London. A reasonable gain to be allowed 
to those who shall bring them to the Mint in England. [Draft in 
Cecill's hand. The original letter was dated June 18, and is 
inclosed in July 14.] 

Jane 17. 7. Fair copy of the above. 

June 17. 8. Certificate of rates convenient for the Irish monies to be current 
in the realm of Ireland, and also of rates convenient to be given in 
the Mint in England for the same. 

June 17. 9. Certificate of the gain to be allowed to the bringer of Irish 
monies to the Mint in England. 

June 19. 10. Lord Lieutenant to the Lord of Slane. Slane to remain at 

Kilmainham ? home to keep his borders ; but to send his men to the hosting. The 

causes moved to him by T. Fleming of Siddan, viz , the dealing 

with Shane O'Neill to go to England. Slane to meet Sussex the 

first day of the hosting and tarry three or four days. 



,-,, VOL. IV. 


June 22. 11. Sir Wm. Fytzwylliams to Cecill. The Lord Lieutenant has 
Thomas Court. ] e ft 200 soldiers at Armagh, and fortified the great church there for 
keeping his victual. Shane O'Neill on the borders of O'Donnell's 
country, seeking to bind peace with him and the Scots. Imprison- 
ment of the Calough O'DonnelJ. and his wife the Countess of Argyle. 
Suits of the bearer the writer's cousin. His own suit to come to 
England. The Earl of Kildare's charges against him not to be 

June 23. 12. Same to same, commending the diligence of the bearer, 
Thomas Court. Thomas Smythe, in collecting materials for the lately proposed 
mint in Ireland. The materials will serve any other work. 

June 23. 13. Lord Lieutenant Sussex to same. Arrival June 2. Oath 
Kilmainham. June 6. Proceedings in Council. General hosting to meet on the 
borders of Tyrone July 1. Journey to Armagh. That place to be 
a staple of victual for these wars. Hutchinson on hearing of the 
taking of O'Donnell has returned hither. James M'Donnell and 
Sorley Boy. Proceedings with the old O'Donnell and Con O'Donnell. 
Earls of Ormond and Desmond. O'Reilly still endeavouring to 
persuade Shane to repair to England. Incloses, 

13. I. Proclamation against Shane O'NeilL Printed. 

14. Gabriel Croffc, Auditor of Ireland, to Cecill. While on the 
journey mischanced to lose his purse, which contained a letter 
directed to Sir W. Fytzwylliams and the Barons of the Exchequer. 
The money that was in the purse would not let it be heard of. 
Cecill to procure a like letter. 

] 5. James, Baron of Slane, to the Lord Lieutenant. According 
to directions by his cousin Thomas Fleming, he has sent to Shane 
O'Neill. Shane has thereupon sent his letter in Irish with his 
messenger to the Lord Lieutenant. The writer sends Edmond 
Darcy to interpret the Irish. 

16. Sir Henry Radeclyff to Cecill. The Lord Lieutenant's expe- 
dition to Armagh. Earls of Ormond and Desmond have promised to 
aid against Shane O'Neill. Shane has sent down one Ony M'Lyse 
to molest the countries committed to his charge. Maguire, Magennis, 
and others relent, and shrink from Shane ; O'Reilly, O'Donnell, and 
Sorley Boy remain constant to the Queen. 

July 6. 17. Jenico Viscount of Gormanston, Roland Baltynglas, James 
Dublin. Baron of Slane, and C. Baron Donsany to the Queen. That she 
would please send some Commissioners, who (without respect to the 
Governor or any other) may indifferently examine how the subjects 
of the English Pale are used, and make true report thereof to Her 

July 14. 18. Lord Lieutenant and Council to same. Have received letters for 

Easkeaghe. the rating of the base coins. Complain of error in the casting up of 

the rates. The Mint- men have much erred in their division, or the 

writer in his writing. Have set forth the general rates by the 

June 24. 


June 24. 


June 30. 




proclamation, the copy whereof is inclosed. Return Her Majesty's 
letter noted in the margin where the errors be. And desire a new 
warrant to be dated the same day as that returned. Inclose, 

18. Proclamation for decrying the base coins of Ireland. The 
rates. The gain to be allowed to such as bring them to the Tower 
of London. July. 

18. ii. The Queen to the Lord Lieutenant Sussex for decrying the 
monies. June 18, Greenwich. [Original with notes in the 

18. in. Lord Lieutenant Sussex and Council at Raskeaghe to 
the Lord Chancellor and Council at Dublin, inclosing a proclama- 
tion for decrying the base monies and desiring them to set their 
hands thereto, and cause it to be printed and proclaimed with all 
speed. July [14]. Gamp at Raskeaghe. 

[July 14.] 19. Memorandum of the rates for the base monies of Ireland 
contained in the Queen's warrant of June 1 8 to the Lord Lieutenant, 
and also the rates which were set forth in the proclamation. 

[July 14.] 20. Memorandum of the difference of the above-mentioned rates. 

July 14. 21. Shane O'Neill to the Lord Lieutenant Sussex. Has read his 
From his Woods.p r oclamation against him. Desires that his messenger may be 
forwarded with his letters to the Queen's presence, that he may 
make answer and excuse to every article of the proclamation. Pro- 
tests his readiness to abide by and perform Her Majesty's orders. Lat. 

July 16. 22. Lord Lieutenant and Council to the Queen. Have practised 
Camp by with Shane O'Neill to go to England, by means of the Lords of 
teag . gj ane an( j Howth, and by letters. Journey 'to Armagh 12 to 17 
June. Have sent Her Majesty's letters to Sorley Boy, Con 
O'Donnell eldest son to O'Dpnnell, and O'Reilly to persist in their 
fidelity, and to M'Mahon, Magennis, Maguire, and M'Randal Boy to 
withdraw from Shane O'Neill. Sir George Stanley and others, 
under the guiding of Henry O'Neill, chase Shane O'Neill. The 
proclamation against Shane O'Neill published July 7. Skirmishes 
with Shane at Armagh. A proclamation. They will set forward 
into Tyrone on the 18th. The Earls of Desmond, Clanrycard and 
Thomond will join them Aug. 1. Inclose, 

22. I. Lord Lieutenant Sussex to Shane O'Neill. Has received 
his letters, too proudly written, of the 25th of this month. Will not 
withdraw the Queens soldiers from Armagh. If Shane will repair 
to the Queen's presence he must come quickly to the Lord Lieutenant. 
June 26. Latin. 

22. ii. Shane O'Neill to the Lord Lieutenant. His messenger 
has returned from the Queen's presence. Her Majesty's gracious 
answer. Nothing hinders his own repair to her presence but the 
lack of money. He protests against the war. He' did not write 
the book against the Lord Lieutenant. June 28, Armagh. Latin 



22. in. Lord Lieutenant Sussex to Shane O'Neill. Shane has 
misrepresented the Queen's answer concerning his repair to her 
presence, and concerning the money. If he will not do according 
to Her Majesty's directions, he has orders to chastise him as a 
traitor. July 1, Kilmainham. Latin. 

22. iv. Copy of the above. July]. Latin. 

22. v. Shane O'Neill to the Lord Lieutenant Sussex. He wonders 
that his Lordship will put the Queen to unnecessary expense in 
waging war against him. He will ask no peace nor truce while 
the soldiers remain at Armagh. He desires that his messenger and 
letters may be forwarded to the Queen's presence. July 1. Latin, 

22. vi. The same to the same. Has received his letters, by which 
he learns that his Lordship does not desire to send him, or his 
messenger to the presence of the Queen with his answer. He will 
not come into his Lordship's presence till he has seen the Queen, 
because many lords and gentlemen have been slain and tortured 
in his time, as, Dominus M'Murcha, Dominus O'Briain et frater 
ejus Datheus O'Briain, Dominus O'Docartaid, Donatus Oconcubair, 
Ronaldus Saw-is, Conall O'Morra and many other of the 'Mores ; 
Ros M'Cyun Iconcubair and many other gentlemen. If Sussex 
will withdraw the soldiers from his country, he will do his best 
diligence to come before the Queen. This letter to be showed to the 
Council. From his Camp in his woods. July 4. Latin. 

22. vn. Letter from the same to the same, expressive of his dis- 
comfort at the proceedings commenced against him. Irish. 

22. vin. English translation of the above. 

22. ix. Shane O'Neill to the Lord of Slane and to my Lady. 
Complains that the Lord Lieutenant will neither permit himself, 
his men nor his letters, to be sent to the Queen. That he desires to 
conquer his land, and calls himself Earl of Ulster. Counsels the 
Lord of Slane to be upon his keeping. Irish. 

22. x. English translation of the above. 

22. xi. Proclamation calling upon all the gentlemen of the name 
of the O'Neills, and all other the freeholders of Tyrone, to refuse the 
traitor Shane O'Neill, and repair to the Lord Lieutenant Sussex, 
for the service of Her Majesty and aid of Brian O'Neill, the rightful 
Earl of Tyrone. July. 

July 17. 23. Lord Lieutenant Sussex to Cecill. Shane O'Neill lays his 

Camp by stay to these three causes : the fortifying of the church of Armagh ; 

as eawg ' murder of such as have come in to Sussex on protection ; and the 

fact that Sussex assumed the name of Earl of Ulster. Mischievous 

rumours. When once he is discharged of the government he will 

shew his opinion. Mr. Treasurer has received the robes, collars. 

and coronets for O'Reilly and O'Donnell. The monies. The rates 

miscast. His deputy in the government. To-morrow he will set 

forward with the army. M'Randal Boy, Magennis, and M'Mahon 

will join him at the Newry and Armagh. 




July 31. 24. Lord Lieutenant and Council to the Queen. Proceedings of 
Armagh, the army. Take 500 cows. The Great Water impassable. Parley 
with Shane. He refuses to give O'Donnell as a pledge. An engage- 
ment. Thirty of the English slain, including Robert Sexton, petty 
captain, and Thomas Flodde, serjeant. 

July 31. 25. Lord Lieutenant Sussex to Cecill. Detail of the disastrous 
Armagh, engagement with Shane O'Neill. Fifty of the best footmen slain 
and 50 wounded. Gallant conduct of Sir Wm. Fytzwylliams and 
Captain Humfrey Warne. Bewails that he had remained with the 
Earl of Ormond, who was sick. Short absence from camp to gather 
soldiers and confer with the Council. 

Aug. 4. 26. Thomas Stanley and Thomas Fleetwood to same. Certify 

London. that the alterations made in the rates of the Irish monies by 

the Lord Lieutenant and Council could make no material difference. 

[Aug. 4.] 27. Shane O'Neill to the Earl of Ormond. Sends Neyle Gray 
to the Lord Lieutenant. Hopes thereby to conclude peaceably. 
[Probably a translation of an Irish Letter] 

Aug. 6. 28. Lord Lieutenant and Council to the Queen. To credit Sir 
Dundaik. "\V. Fytzwylliams, who is despatched to inform her of the state 
of the warfare, and to bring back Her Majesty's resolution thereon. 

Aug. 6. 29. Remembrances or instructions given to William Cantwell 
to make answer to certain letters brought by Nele Graye from 
Shane O'Neill. The pardon. Money. Garrison of Armagh. Shane 
to keep peace with O'Reilly, Con O'Donnell, Maguire, Sorley Boy, 
M'Cann, Magennis, M'Randal Boy, O'Hanlon, and Patrick M'Rowry. 
Shane need not fear the hosting, if he will be obedient. 

30. Copy of the above. 

Aug. 8. 31. Lord Lieutenant to Cecill. To procure Sir W. Fytzwylliams 
Ardbraccan. good audience of the Queen. The four points of his instructions. 
What has passed. What good may grow by drawing Shane into 
England. What preparations arc to be made to expulse him. What 
danger of further toleration. Sussex is weary of the recklessness 
of the English Pale and their opposition to the army. 

Aug. 9. 32. Shane O'Neill to the Lord Lieutenant. His Lordship's mes- 

From his woods, senger came with Neal Grae, August 8. He cannot make peace 

while the soldiers occupy Armagh. Will give hostages to the Earl 

of Ormond for his going to the Queen, and restoring the church 

of Armagh. Shane's own man to go to the Queen. Latin. 

Aug. 9. 33. Same to the same. How he may be at peace with his 

From his woods. Lordship. His Lordship to forward Shane's secure and speedy 

repair to the Queen's presence. Moreover he desires his Lordship's 

sister to wife, and that his Lordship would be his, Shane's, gossip. 


Aug. 12. 34. Memorial or instructions given to W. Cantwell to make 
Ardbraccan. answer to Shane's letters of August 9. Armagh. Pledges. No 
need for Shane's man to go to the Queen. Shane to say whether he 
.will keep peace in the meantime, 



Aug. 14. 


Lord Lieutenant to Cecill. Turlough O'Neill, brother to 

Ardbraccan. Shane, and Brian M'Henry M'Shane, brother's son to Shane, have 
come in, and taken their oaths to serve the Queen. Sir T. Cusake 
has gone to O'Reilly, to take the oaths of O'Reilly, Maguire, Tur- 
lough, and Brian. James M'Donnell has come with 1,000 men. 
Hutchinson sent to make terms with him, for the Queen's service. 
Shane greatly dismayed at the late conflict. All his men would have 
forsaken him had he been followed up. The hosting. Sir Win. 
Fytzwylliams to be hastened back with 200 men. Demands 3,000?. 

Aug. 18. 36. Shane O'Neill to the Lord Lieutenant. He will not grant 
From his woods, peace to his subjects or urraghs but at his own option. But will 
not pursue them on the confines of Dundalk. He desires that the 
peace formerly concluded at Dundalk may be reviewed before he 
goes to the Queen. He desires 16 days for the giving of hostages 
into the hands of the Earl of Ormond, and the treating of peace, 
with five days' truce afterwards. His own man must be present 
before the Queen to receive his pardon and protection or he will not 
accept of them. Latin. 

Aug. 1 9. 37. Lord Lieutenant to Cecill. The general hosting deferred till 
Ardbraccan. the 30th of August. Mr. Treasurer Fytzwylliams to be hastily 
despatched with the 200 men. Many seek to " blowe into the pepell's 
heddes " that Shane would gladly go to the Queen's Majesty, and 
that Sussex will not by any means suffer him. Such reports " be 
lyke inoughe to grow shortly into the nature of Sir John Gaskon's 
tales, who devysyng them himselfe, beleved by often tellying of 
them, that they were trew in dede." It is known in Ireland who 
[Kildare] first to win time, advised Shane to go, and after time won, 
counselled him not to go. The Byrnes, Kavanaghs, and Tooles 
answer all men at the castle of Dublin, which was never heard of 
before. Ossory, O'Carroll, O'Molloy, M'Geoghegan, M'Coghlan, and 
all between Leix, Otfaley, and the Shannon answer the orders of 
Sir Henry Radeclyff. O'Reilly is as faithful as any subject. Cecill 
to peruse the chart of Ireland which Sussex gave to the Queen. 
" Yf Shane be overthrowen all is setteled, yf Shane settell all is 

Aug. 20. 38. Memorandum by Cecill. The difficulty of sending men to 
Gosfeld. Ireland so speedily. 2,000?. to be sent over by Fytzwylliams. 
Earl of Kildare to be sent to Ireland to induce Shane to come 
over. Army to be increased this winter 500 men more. Captain 
Rede with 200 men from Berwick to pass into Ireland with speed. 
Jaques Wingfeld. Letters to the Lord Grey. A pardon and a 
protection for Shane O'Neill. 

Aug. 20. 39. The Queen to the Lord Lieutenant. Shane O'Neill to be 
drawn to come to England. Pledges. Money to be lent. Mislike 
of removing the garrison from Armagh. 200 men. Fytzwylliams. 
Earl of Kildare. To examine and punish those who were cowards. 
To discharge the unserviceable, and not pay the runaways. 




Aug, 22. 

St. Anthony's 
in London. 

Aug. 23. 


Aug. 24. 

Aug. 24. 


40. Sir Win. Fytzwylliams to Cecill. The 2,OOOZ. will not be 
delivered till the Lord Treasurer hears again from Cecill. Cecill to 
favour him and his poor estate. 

41. Memorial or instructions for W. Cantwell to make answer to 
Shane's letter of August 18. Earl of Ormond. Soldiers from 
Armagh. Money. To demand restitution of the goods taken from 
M 'Randal Boy. Magennis. Shane's man shall be sent to the 
Queen for his pardon and protection, if he will give sufficient pledges 
to go when his man brings them. 

42. Lord Lieutenant to the Queen. His dealings with Shane's 
seneschal and Neal Gray His proposition to Neal Gray to " kylle " 
Shane O'Neill. " Yf he wyll not do that he maye in your servyce, 
ther wyl be don to hym what others maye." 

43. The same to the same. His proceedings with Shane O'Neill. 
The substance of his verbal answer to Shane's private letter of 
August 9, relative to a marriage with his Lordship's sister. Shane 
has spoiled M'Randal Boy, Magennis, and others. Conference with 
Shane's two messengers, the seneschal and Neal Grae. The Earls 
of Clanrycard and Thomond have brought 60 horse. He will not 
wait for Desmond. Incloses, 

43. i. Shane O'Neill to the Lord Lieutenant. Aug. 9. Copy. 
43. ii. Shane O'Neill to the Lord Lieutenant. Aug. 9. Copy. 
43. in. Instructions to W. Cantwell. Aug. 12. Copy. 

43. iv. Shane O'Neill to the Lord Lieutenant. Aug. 18. Copy. 
43. V. Instructions to W. Cantwell. Aug. 23. Copy. 

[N.B. The originals of these are all calendered in their respective 

Aug. 26. 44. Shane O'Neill to the Lord Lieutenant. Insists that 
From his woods. O wn man shall go to the Queen for his pardon and protection, 


Aug. 27. 45. The Queen to the Earl of Kildare, with authority to go to 
Ireland and induce Shane O'Neill to repair to England in his 
company. And if Shane shall not do so, Her Majesty will proceed 
with him, as appertaineth for a Prince to deal with a rebellious 

Aug, 27. 46. The same to the Lord Lieutenant Sussex. Has licensed the 
Earl of Kildare to repair to Shane O'Neill, and induce him to 
return with him into England. 

Aug. 27. 47. Copy of the above letter to Sussex. 

Sept. 1. 

Camp by 

48. Lord Lieutenant and Council to the Queen. Shane O'Neills 
obstinacy and refusal to make restitution to M'Randal Boy. The 
spreading of false tales. They will set forward to-morrow with 
such company as shall be assembled. Inclose, 

48. i. Shane O'Neill to the Lord Lieutenant. Aug. 26. Copy. 
[Original calendered above.] 

M 2 



Sept. 1. 

Camp by 


Sept. 5. 


Sept 9. 

Camp by 
i.e. Slieve 
Gullen or 



49. Lord Lieutenant Sussex to Cecill. He will not proceed to 
the examination and punishment of those who were faulty in the 
late conflict with Shane, as that would give a colour of truth to the 
many exaggerated accounts in circulation. 

50. Sir W. Fytzwylliams to same. Has received his letters of 
the 27th of August, with a pardon and protection for Shane O'Neill. 
Detained for wind. 

51. Lord Lieutenant Sussex to same. His intended proceedings. 
He desires a proportion of wheat and malt. 

52. Lord Lieutenant and Privy Council to the Queen. Pro- 
ceedings in Tyrone. 4,000 kine, with a great number of " stode " 
[maresj and garruns, taken about the upper part of Glanconkine. 
They have burned and destroyed all those parts. Copy. [Probably 
the copy mentioned in the postscript to 1561, Sept. 21.] 

Sept. 13. 53. Alexander Craik, Bishop of Kildare, to Cecill. Desires that 
My poor house his conscience may be disburdened of the bishoprick of Kildare. 
^e bearer, Mr. Leach, to have a pension. He desires means may 
be used for abolishing idolatry and superstition. Adam Loftus 


Sept. 21. 

Camp by the 

Sept. 21. 


Oct. 3. 


Oct. 6. 


Oct. 12. 


Oct. 19. 


54. Lord Lieutenant and Council to the Queen. Expedition to 
Lough Foyle greatly thwarted through the loss or delay of the victuals 
sent there by ship, Aug. 14. They have taken 500 of Shane's kine 
and returned to the Newry. Have heard that their messengers 
have been apprehended. Inclose the copy of the despatch of 
Sept. 9. 

55. Lord Lieutenant to Cecill. Shane has lost 5,000 kine, and 
fled from wood to wood without offering any skirmish. The credit 
of the army restored. Sir W. Fytzwylliams has arrived with the 
200 men from Berwick. 

56. Same to same. Shane O'Neill has burnt four villages in 
the English Pale and taken Sir James Garland. The Lord 
Lieutenant had very nearly met Shane and his followers return- 
ing. One thousand kine taken from M'Mahon for sending his 
brother to Shane. Bands from Berwick. Victual. Kildare is said 
to be at the water's side looking for passage. 

57. Same to same. The expedition to Ferney by night to 
attack M'Mahon and certain of Shane's Scots rendered fruitless by 
the treachery of a certain lord. The Earl of Kildare. 

58. Same to the Queen. Has received her letters by the 
Earl of Kildare the 10th inst. Their letters to Shane, appoint- 
ing a meeting at Carrick-Bradock on Friday next. The Lord 
Lieutenant's integrity. 

59. The Lord Lieutenant Sussex, the Earl of Kildare, and the 
Privy Council of Ireland to the Queen. Peace concluded upon 
the parley between the Earl of Kildare and Shane O'Neill. 




59. I. Shane O'Neill to the [Lord Lieutenant] after the parley 
with the Earl of Kildare. His petitions and promises similar to 
those in his preceding letters, or rather enlarged. Oct. 18, Caele 
'Castle. Latin. 

59. ii. Lord Lieutenant and Council to Shane O'Neill. Their 
acceptation of the terms of peace proposed in his letter. Oct. 19, 
Dundalk. Latin. 

Oct. 19. 60. Lord Lieutenant Sussex to Cecill. The English Councillors 
Dundalk. are busily occupied in arranging the matters of the army. The 
Queen to suspend her judgment on the peace. 

Oct. 23. 

Oct. 23. 


61, Lord Lieutenant and Council to the Queen. Discourse on 
the state and forwardness of the preparations against Shane, with 
the plan of operations intended. The items of the peace, with 
particular comments and remarks. The coming of the Earl of 
Kildare with commission to treat with Shane was the destruction 
of the whole campaign. The Lieutenant to go to England with all 
books, indentures, records, &c. relative to Tyrone. Plantation of 
Leix and Offaley. 

62. Lord Lieutenant Sussex to Cecill. The great grief caused to 
him, who has spent so carefully his whole endeavours in his charge 
for five years, by divers expressions in Her Majesty's letters, and 
by the association with the Earl of Kildare. He greatly desires 
that he may have a good trial, to free him from the imputations 
unjustly attached to him. 

Oct. 23. 63. Lord Lieutenant and Council to the Privy Council. The Earls of 
Ardbraccan. Ormond and Desmond have dispersed their forces according to order. 
They rest to have their causes heard. Opinion that they should be 
called before the Queen, and order taken for the punishment of 
their offences and breach of former final orders. The 500 footmen 
and 100 horsemen sent from England. Two hundred foot under 
Mr. Brian Fytzwylliams from Berwick. Discharge of some of the 
above troops. 

Oct. 30. 64. The Queen to the Archbishop of Dublin, Lord Chancellor 
Manorof Saint of Ireland, for the consecration of Adam Loftus and restoration of 
James. ^ e temporalities of Armagh. [N.B. This was inclosed to Sir 
Robert Gecyll. 1599, Dec. 3.] Inclosing, 

64. i. Conge d'flire to the Dean and Chapter of Armagh; 
commanding that Her Majesty's Chaplain, Adam Loftus, Professor 
in Divinity, be elected Archbishop of Armagh. October 30. 

Nov. 3. 65. Lord Lieutenant and Council to the Privy Council. Conten- 

Dublin. tion between the Earls of Desmond and Ormond. The necessity of 

some speedy order to be taken in England for their reformation. 

Shane O'Neill. The army placed for one month. Copy. [The 

original perished with Terrell. See December 20.] Inclose, 




Nov. 3. 



65. i. [Lord Lieutenant and Council] to the Earl of Desmond. 
The quarrel with Ormond. To disperse his power, and remain in 
peace within his own territories. To deliver up to the bearer 
Captain Heron, his brother John, the White Knight, and Browne, 
as pledges. To be ready to repair to them, for the ordering of the 
matters. September 27, Ardbraccan. 

65. ii. Earl of Desmond to the [Lord Lieutenant and Council]. 
The Earl of Ormond lay in wait to surprise him on his return 
from the Queen's service. One of the men of the Constable of 
Carlow killed, and the Constable's commands in the Queen's name 
disregarded by Ormond. Oct. 4, " Loghuar." 

65. in. Sir Edmund Butler to the [Lord Lieutenant]. The 
Earl of Desmond refused to send his pledges to him, to Clonmel. 
His brothers pledges were ready by the time appointed, Oct. 30, 
Ballinnowre. Inclosing, 

65. iv. Earl of Desmond to Sir Edmund Butler. He will not 
send his pledges until he know further of the Lord Lieutenant's 
pleasure ; at whose call he will be forthcoming himself, and his 
pledges also. Sunday, Oct. 26. Lyshfynny. 

66. Lord Lieutenant to Cecill. Reports of great alterations to be 
made in the Government. Distracted state of the whole English 
race in Ireland. It were fit that at the coming of Shane O'Neill 
the Earls of Kildare, Ormond, and Desmond, the Chief Justice, the 
Attorney General, and some others may be called and consulted as 
to the best policy to be pursued. He desires license to return. 

67. Lord Lieutenant to Cecill. Has received the Queen's letters 
and his of November 1st. The Queen to suspend her judgment till 
she knows the truth of all men's doings. The faithful service of 
Captain Warne will be greatly missed. He died November 13th, after 
seven days' sickness. Glad to hear of CecilTs recovery. Desires 
to be informed relative to any intended fall of money, that he may 
not suffer loss in the receipt of money for his lead, sold in Lanca- 

68. A brief note of the mineral affairs in Ireland in annis 
2 & 3 Eliz. 1559, Nov. 17, to 1561, Nov. 16. 

Nov. 21. 69. Lord Lieutenant to the Queen. The preparations for Shane 
Ardbraccan. O'Neill's coming to England. A very able defence of his conduct 

in consenting to the treaty concluded between the Earl of Kildare 

and Shane. His repair to England. 

.Nov. 21. 70. Sir Wylliam Fytzwylliams to Cecill. The peace with O'Neill. 
Ardbraccan. Mr. Pepparde's business. His suit to return to England. 

Nov. 21. 71. Lord Lieutenant to Cecill. Received Cecill's letter from the 

Ardbraccan. Earl of Kildare, November 20th It appeared to him the letter 

had been opened. The withdrawal of the garrison from Armagh 

salved so as no blur is taken. The discharge of Bagenall and 

Wakley's bands. Brian Fytzwylliams and his Berwick band. 

Nov. 16. 


Nov. 16. 




Nov. 22. 


Nov. 24. 


Nov. 24. 

Nov. 27. 


Nov. 29. 

Dec. 2. 

Dec. 3. 


Dec. 17. 

Dec. 19. 

Dec. 20. 


Dec. 25. 



72. Lord Lieutenant and Council to the Queen, respecting the 
money to be lent to Shane O'Neill and the Earl of Kildare. 

73. Lord Lieutenant to the Queen, in favour of the Lord of 
Slane's petition for a market at Dromeconrrough, in co. Meath. With 
commendations of his particular and diligent service. 

74. Same to Cecill. The Lord of Slane to have a market at 
Dromconraughe [Drumconrath]. 

75. Same and Council to the Queen. The quarrel between 
the Earls of Desmond and Ormond. Necessity of calling them to 
England. They are now on their journey to Offaley and Leix, 
to divide them into baronies and make out estates in tail to the 

76. Lord Lieutenant to Cecill. Shane O'Neill ready to embark. 
He desires license to go to England. Adam Loftus to be Arch- 
bishop of Armagh. His learning fit for a better place. 

77. Walter Pepparde to Cecill. A goshawk. His great losses 
occasioned by the delay of his patent for the mines. He desires 
his favour in procuring the Queen's letters for the restitution of his 
farm of Slewmarge, &c., which had been taken from him as parcel of 
Leix. An answer by the bearer, Mr. Barnewall. 

78. Gerald Earl of Kildare to Cecill. His persuasion caused 
Shane O'Neill to suffer the garrison to remain at Armagh, although 
agreement to the contrary had been made. 

79. The Queen to the Lord Lieutenant. Has not heard from him 
since before Allhallowtide. Received his letters of 21st November. 
License for his repair to England. Sir William Fytzwylliams to 
be Lord Justice. The claim of Brian the son of the late Baron of 
Dungannon to be Earl of Tyrone. 

80. Same to same. Permission either to return Brian Fytz- 
wylliams and his band to Berwick, or to discharge less efficient 
bands and retain him. 

81. Lord Lieutenant to Cecill. Has ordered a new survey of 
Leix and Oflaley, which will be ready by the 4th of January. The 
Earl of Desmond would not meet him. Earl of Kildare will shew 
his opinion respecting Desmond. The perishing of Terrell, the 
ordinary passenger, with a packet of 3rd November, and the lack 
of passage of four other packets. Brian Fytzwylliams. Lord Lieu- 
tenant's indisposition. Earl of Desmond has sworn Lord Roche and 
Lord Barry to him. 

82. Same to same. Reports made against him in England. He 
desires his license to repair to England, to answer his accusers face 
to face. He is still indisposed. Incloses, 

82. i. A note of all such letters as he has sent to the Queen, the 
Council, or Sir W. Cecill, and of those he has received since 
Oct. 12. [Memorandum. We have not all the letters mentioned in 
this note.} 




Dec. 25. 83. Lord Lieutenant Sussex to Cecill. Mr. Adam Loffcus to be 
Kilmainham. Archbishop of Armagh. His qualifications. 

Dec. 84. The Queen to the Lord Chancellor and Judges of Ireland for 

Westminster, favour to Thomas Bathe, relative to the lands claimed by him as his 
inheritance, or for some recompense to be given him. 

1561 ? 85. Warrant from the Queen to [Sussex?] for the levy of 200 

Dec. ? good and fit masons and hewers of rough stone, to be employed in 
the fortifications of Berwick. 

[1561.] 86. Note of the vacant sees in Ireland, and the names of men 
eligible to the same. 

1561 ? 87. Notes of the Earl of Kildare's evil dealings. 


Jan. 2. I. Lord Lieutenant Sussex to the Queen. Has received her 
Kilmainham. letters of December 17, with license for him to repair to England. 
The Earls of Ormond and Desmond to be sent for to England for 
the ending of their causes. Shane O'Neill is now in England. 

Jan. 2. 2. The same to Cecill. His license. Earls of Ormond and Desmond. 
Kilmainham. The matters against him. Affairs of the realm. Has not sent the 
names of those that accompany Shane O'Neill. No man of credit 
amongst them. The time of the year for consultation passes away. 
The Queen to take advantage of the opportunity while there is 

Jan. 2. 3. Alexander Craik Bishop of Kildare to Cecill. Strong recom- 
St. Patrick's mendations of Mr. Adam Loftus, occasioned by the stay of his 
beside Dublin. preferment to the archbishoprick of Armagh. 

Jan 2. 4. Lord Lieutenant to Cecill. Has endeavoured to leave Brian the 
Kilmainham. young Earl of Tyrone furnished with friendship. Names. If Her 
Majesty mean to further the Earl's cause it were better for her to 
show strangeness to Shane at his coming, and not send to treat with 
him till his, the Lieutenant's, coming. The report thereof would do 
much good to the young Earl. 

Jan. 6. 5. Shane O'NeiU's submission signed and sealed. 

Jan. 6. 6. Contemporary copy of the above, with the names of those 
" present at this submission." The Queen's Majesty, the King of 
Sweden's Ambassador, M. de Morette, the Duke of Savoy's 
Ambassador, Lord Keeper of the Great Seal of England, Duke of 
Norfolk, Marquis of Northampton ; Earls of Arundel, Huntingdon, 
Bedford, Pembroke and Warwick ; Lord Robert Duddeley, Lords 
Clinton, Howard, Strange, Cobham, Dacres, Scrope, Nevill, Lumley, 
Sheffield, Chandos, Hunsdon; Knights, Ed. Rogers, Fr. Knollys, 
William Cecill, Ambrose Cave, and Jo. Mason, 



Jan 10. 

St. Patrick's 
by Dublin. 

VOL. V. 

7. Alexander Craik, Bishop of Kildare, to Cecill. Has heard from 
the Lord Lieutenant, that Her Majesty was pleased he should take 
upon him the bishoprick of Meath. His late suit to repair into 
England in these his sickly days. He says he was a foreigner, and 
received by favour. [He did not succeed to Meath, but died 1564.] 

Jan. 10. 8. Memorandum of the charges of Ireland from 1560-1, Feb. 

28. It is computed that 5,529Z. 19s. 4d. will be due, besides extra- 

Jan. 12. 9. Sir Henry Radeclyff to Cecill. Unsettled state of the country. 

Dublin. Despatch in Her Majesty's proceedings needful, to confirm the good, 
and cast down the hopes of the bad. His license for corn rendered 
unprofitable by the death of his man. 

Jan. 14. 10. Lord Justice Sir Wm. Fytzwylliams to the Queen. On 
Dublin. the 9th of Jan. he received of the Lord Lieutenant his patent of 
Lord Justice, with Her Majesty's letter of Dec. 17. 

Jan. 15. 11. Same to Cecill. His patent. The Earl of Desmond's pride. 
Thomas Court. Has not yet received instructions for Pepparde's case touching the 

Jan. 17. 12. Lord Lieutenant Sussex to Cecill. Has received his letters of 
Holyhead. the 7th Jan., with the copy of Shane O'Neill's submission. Policy. 
The young Earl of Tyrone's interests. He has sent the copy of 
Shane's submission to the Lord Justice. Shane's successful begin- 
ning will make the people hope for a better ending. The weather 
being foul and the ways deep, it will be ten days before the Lord 
Lieutenant can reach London. 

Jan. 23. 13. Exemplification of a certain article contained in letters from 

Dublin. King Henry VIII. to the Lord Deputy and Council of Ireland ; 

relative to the expediency of granting Claneboy to Neill Conallagh 

O'Neill, nephew to the Earl of Tyrone, in recompense of land given 

to the Earl of Tyrone. The rent. 

Jan. 31. 14. A declaration of the qauses and respects that moved the Lord 
Lieutenant and others of the Privy Council, to consent to certain 
articles agreed on between the Earl of Kildare and Shane O'Neill in 
the presence of the Viscount of Baltinglass, and the Lords of Slane 
and Louth, the 18th of October 1561, and delivered to the Privy 
Council 1561-2, Jan. 31. 

Feb. 1. 15. Articles whereupon the Earl of Kildare is to be spoken with. 
These articles are in Sir W. Cecill's hand, and are gathered from the 
above defence of Sussex. The pardon of one of Baltinglass's men for 
a murder is noticed. 

Feb. 2. 16. Earl of Ormond and Ossory to Sussex. His hurts. The Earl 
Kilkenny. o f Desmond has burned a good town, and much corn since Sussex 

departed. Preparations for their coining to England. Money. 

Desmond has fallen out with all the lords and gentlemen of the 

West, and they with him. 




Feb. 5. 


VOL. V. 

17. Alexander Craik, Bishop of Kildare, to Cecil!. Thanks for 
Cecill's letters. He is sued at law, since the Lord Lieutenant's 
departure, for not compounding for his first fruits. And also by 
one William Basnet, who claims the farm of his deanery by lease. 
He desires that the law may be staid, or that he may have some 
quiet living in England. Also a license to repair to England for his 
health. More preachers to be sent over. 

18. Mr. Attorney-General James Barnewall to Sir W. Cecill, for 
a fee farm of lands and tenements of 20Z. per ann. in the English 

19. The Queen to the Lord Justice Fytzwylliams, for the repair 
to England of the Earls of Ormond and Desmond. Money to be 
advanced. The Earl of Ormond not to come without the Earl of 

Feb. 7. 20. Lord Justice Fytzwylliams to the Lord Lieutenant. Stany- 

Thomas Court, hurst's exemplifications. Rumours of alterations. Cess for the 

soldiers and forts. Maurice Fitz Desmond and his nephew the Earl 

of Desmond at hot wars, His brother Brian Fytzwylliams and the 

Berwick soldiers. Contempt of the Lords. 

21. Articles to be answered by Shane O'Neill. 

22. The answer of Shane O'Neill to the seven articles sent to him 
by the Privy Council. 

Feb. 5. 


Feb. 6. 

Feb. 7. 
Feb. 7. 

Feb. 7. 

Feb. 8. 


Feb. 8. 


23. The answers of Shane O'Neill to the articles of treason, and 
other offences exhibited against him in a proclamation of treason set 
forth by the Lord Lieutenant, 1561. [29 pages with many cir- 

24. Walter Pepparde, Esq., to Cecill. His farm of Slewmarge, 
or Slieve Margy, and his possessions in Leix. He is content that 
Her Majesty should resume the Mines, but desires some recompense 
for his travail and substance spent on them. 

25. Mr. Attorney-General James Barnewall to the Lord Lieu- 
tenant. He desires his Lordship to be a mean for him to obtain a 
fee farm of lands and tenements within the English Pale, to the 
value of 20?. per ann. Contentions between the Earl of Desmond 
and his uncle Morris Toytane. The commission of the Wards. 
The common Gaols. 

Feb. 9. 


26. The Chancellor and other Officers in Ireland to the Lord 
Lieutenant, respecting the differences in their patents relative to 
their fees and the alteration of the currency. This letter contains 
the extract of a letter they had intended to send to the Queen, 
1561, Nov. 17. And they desire his Lordship's furtherance. 

Feb. 13. 27. Lord Justice Fytzwylliams to Cecill. Has received letters 
Thomas Court. o f Feb. 1, and Feb. 7. Has despatched Her Majesty's letters to the 
Earls of Ormond and Desmond. Desmond's quarrel with his uncle, 
a pretext to avoid coming into England. Patrick Meagh, late 
" Sufferan " of Kinsale, sent to Desmond. Fytzwylliams's man 
Alford, to deal in the matter of his debt, 



Feb. 13. 28. Lord Justice Fytzwylliams to the Lord Lieutenant Sussex. 
Thomas Court. Receipt of letters. Desmond. The garrisons. Brian Fytzwylliams 
and Berwick troops. Alford his man and his commission. He 
desires to hear of Shane's doings. 

Feb. 13. 29. The same to the Earl of Desmond. Sends him the Queen's 
Thomas Court, letter, and urges his speedy repair into England. He desires an 
immediate answer. 

Feb. 14. 30. The Earl of Sussex's reply to the answer of Shane O'Neill to 
the seven articles sent to him by the Privy Council 1562, Feb. 7. 

Feb. 14. 31. The confutation of Shane O'Neill's subtile, untrue and 
slanderous answer, containing 19 articles, made to a proclamation 
set forth by her Majesty's Lieutenant, Nobility and Council of 
Ireland, 1561 [See June 8], declaring his presumptuous, arrogant, 
felonious, rebellious, and traitrous devices, conspiracies, &c., deli- 
vered by the Lord Lieutenant Sussex to the Privy Council. 

Feb. 14. 32. A brief collection of the material points to be considered 
upon the petitions and complaints of Shane O'Neill. 

Feb. 17. 33. Mr. Thomas Cusake to Cecill, relative to a reformation in 
the government of Ireland. If the north parts were perfectly ruled, 
and Leix and Offaley committed to strong governors, the whole realm 
would be in quietness. Mr. Wyse's affairs. 

Feb. 18. 34. Gerald Earl of Desmond to Cecill. For the furtherance of the 
Cork. bearer, his chaplain Sir Edmund Hiifernane, Chancellor of Cashel, 
to be Archbishop of Cashel. 

Feb. 18 35. Alexander Craik, Bishop of Kildare, to Cecill. He being too 
St. Patrick's, by s i c k to preach much, has sent for his friend David Padye, parson of 
** Compton Westley. The Bishop of Winchester has cited him, in- 
tending to deprive him for non-residence. Letters to be sent to the 
Bishop of Winchester to stay in this matter. 

Feb. 28. 36. Thomas Fitz Maurice, of Desmonde, to the Lord Justice Fytz- 

CasheU wylliams. His readiness to repair into England if he were able to 

travel, to complain of the Earl of Desmond's misuse of his father, 

the Earl's uncle. Readiness to forbear injuries till the Earl's return, 

should he be commanded. 

Feb. 37. Requests made by the Lord Lieutenant Sussex to the Privy 

Council, that their just judgments may be given, and pronounced 
openly against Shane O'Neill, for his slanders proved to be false. 

March 3. 38. Lord Justice to the Earl of Desmond to restore the 500Z. and 
Thomas Court, the servant of the Earl of Ormond, captured near Limerick by 
certain of his men. His delay in answering the Queen's letter 
will seem strange. 

Mar. 10. 39. The Queen to the Lord Justice Fytzwylliams for the bearer 
Westminster. Lancelot Alford to have allowance for the carriage and transport of 
20,000?., which he has received in charge. 



40. Privy Council to all Mayors, Sheriffs, and others for 

to have free pass for one year for Her Majesty's special service 
in England and Ireland. 

Mar. 13. 41. Lord Justice Fytzwylliams to the Queen. Despatch of the 
Dublin. Queen's letters to the Earls of Ormond and Desmond on the 13th 
of February. Ormond's readiness to comply. 500L of the Earl 
of Ormond's money taken by Desmond's men near Limerick. He 
received Desmond's answer respecting his repair to England, March 
12. His delays. Fytzwylliams has agreed to meet Desmond at 
Waterford, March 23. A messenger sent from Shane O'Neill to the 
Earl of Desmond. 

Mar. 13? 42. Shane O'Neill's complaint to the same. He has this day 
received at the Council's hands " twoo choyses ; " the one such 
articles as the Council sent him three days past, the other to tarry 
the coming of the son of Matthew, called the Baron of Dungannon. 
He craves Her Majesty's advice as to which is fittest for him to 
choose. The distraction of his country. He desires to borrow 
more money. A gentlewoman for his wife. 

[Mar.] 43. Private memoranda by Cecill of devices or means to be used 

with Shane O'Neill. To change his garments and go like an English- 
man. Touching -the countries he claims. Rents and services 
challenged by him. To deliver the Calough O'Donnell. A session 
to be established at Armagh. Gentlemen's sons to be put to school 
in England. The controversy with Brian the young Baron of Dun- 

Mar. 13. 44. The Queen to the Lord Justice Fytzwylliams. To send for 
the son of the late Baron of Dungannon that he may repair to the 
Queen's presence, for order in his controversy with Shane. Money 
may be lent. Orders to be given that the garrison at Armagh make 
no incursions on Shane's subjects, during his stay in England. 

[Mar. 20.] 45. Shane O'Neill's supplication to the Queen, upon the articles 
offered to him by the Council ; prays that his cause may be ended 
with favour and expedition. 

[Mar.] 46. Indentures to pass betwixt the Queen and Shane O'Neill, 
according to the articles ensuing. 

[Mar. 20.] 47. Articles of covenants to be made and indented between the- 
Queen and Shane O'Neill, son of Con O'Neill, late Earl of Tyrone, 
[For further description see the Latin articles inform of indenture 
1562, April 30.] 

[Mar. 20.] 48. Early draft of some of the above articles. These may have 
been the articles mentioned in Shane's complaint to Queen Elizabeth, 
placed before her letter to Fytzwylliams of March 13. They are 
however, endorsed by Cecill, March 20. 




Mar. 20. 


March 21. 

VOL. V. 

49. Petition of Shane O'Neill to the Queen, for commission to 
be granted to the Earls of Kildare and Ormond, to see redress of the 
wrongs sustained by Shane's people since his coming into England. 
Desires that it may be lawful for him to come or send letters to the 
Queen, without license of the Governor of Ireland. 

50. The Queen to the Lord Justice and Council of Ireland, for the 
despatch of the Earls of Ormond and Desmond, that their contro- 
versies may be ended. All former orders of the Lord Lieutenant and 
Council to be executed. Slanderous rumours and seditious reports 
of alteration to be severely punished. 

51. A book comprehending twenty-four articles, specifying the 
miserable estate of the English Pale in the years 1560 and 1561, 
delivered to the Privy Council, by certain students of Ireland and 
subscribed with their hands. [Among the names are John Talbote, 
William Bathe, Henry Burnett, Christopher Flemyng, Richard 
Nettervyll and Gerald Wesley.'} 

[Mar. 21.] 52. Interrogatories by the Earl of Sussex, to be put to the 
students, relative to certain of their false allegations in their book 
of articles. 

[Mar. 21.] 53. Copy of the above interrogatories. 

[Mar. 21.] 54. The Gentlemen of Ireland's answer to the interrogatories 
delivered to them by the Commissioners. 

[Mar. 21.] 55. Answer made to the book of articles, specifying the miserable 
estate of the English Pale in 1560 and 1561. 

[Mar. 21.] 56. Copy of the above. 

[Mar. 21.] 57. The answer of the Earl of Sussex, to the book of articles 
specifying the miserable estate of the English Pale in 1560 and 1561. 
[Probably the foundation of the above answer."] 

[Mar. 21.J 58. The reply of the gentlemen of Ireland and students at the Inns 
of Court, to the answer made to their book of articles, specifying the 
miserable estate of the English Pale in the years 1560 and 1561. 

[Mar. 21.] 59. An abstract of the Irish students' articles and answers to cer- 
tain interrogatories. And how the same be disproved by the Council 
book or their own confessions. 

1562 ? 60. An abridgement of certain articles exhibited by certain gentle- 
[Mar. 21.] men of Ireland, against the Lord Governor and others, and of the 
answers of the same. 

61. Shane O'Neill to the Privy Council. Complains of the dis- 
[Mar. 21.] orders committed in his country during his absence. The sons of the 
late Baron of Dungannon and the son of Felim Roe, with M 'Randal 
Boy, the Scott, named as disturbers. [On this paper Cecill has traced 
the genealogy of Shane O'Neill, Turlough Lynagh O'Neill, Hugh. 
M e Neill Oge, Felim Bacagh, i.e. " haultyng" and others.} 



[Mar. 21.] 62. to Shane O'Neill. The disorders in Tyrone. Desires 

[Ireland.] him to return speedily. 

1562. 63. Shane O'Neill's answer to the articles sent to him by the 

Mar. 25. Lords of the Privy Council. 

Mar. 27. 64. Lord Justice Fytzwylliams to the Queen. His meeting with 
Dublin. the Earls of Ormond and Desmond at Waterford. Desmond 
said he would go to England in Easter week. Ormond to take ship 
March 26. 

Mar. 27. 65. Same to Cecill. Meeting with Ormond and Desmond at 
Thomas Court. Waterford. Desmond's refusal to give up two pirates, Whitehead 
and Johnson. Patrick Meagh. General quietness except in the 
English Pale. Desmond's correspondence in England. 

Mar. 27. 66. Same to the Council. Has arrested Pat. Meaghe and will 
Thomas Court, send him to England on Easter Monday. He is said to be a main- 
tainer of pirates. Desmond. The pirates Whitehead and Johnson. 
Earl of Ormond. Cess. 

Mar. 28. 67. The Queen to the Lord Justice Fytzwylliams. Brian the 
Baron of Dungannon's son to be stayed from coming to England, 
notwithstanding the former directions. 

Mar. 28. 68. Richard Viscount Mountgarret to the Queen, for the spee 
Ross. granting of his petitions, and especially the House of Innistioge. dy 

Mar. 31. 69. The Queen to the Lord Justice and Council. Commission to be 
granted to two discreet men appointed by Shane O'Neill, and to two 
meet persons appointed for the Queen, to hear and determine all 
controversies arisen in the north, since the coming of Shane to 

Mar. 31. 70. Lord Justice Fytzwylliams to the Privy Council. Sends 
Thomas Court. Patrick Meagh under charge of his men. Meagh has confessed that 
he can suppose no other cause for his arrest than suspicion of aiding 

Mar. 31. 71. Same to Cecill. Desmond. Patrick Meagh of Kinsale sent 
Thomas Court, to England. 

April 8. 72. Same to same. Little likelihood of the departure of the Earl 
Thomas Court, of Desmond for England. Mr. Pepparde's affairs. Pat. Meagh has 
been detained by contrary winds. 

April 8. 73. Sovereign and Commons of Kinsale to the Queen. The Earl 
Kinsale. o f Desmond their only help and security against the disorders of the 
country. Beseech Her Majesty to animate the said Earl by her 
favour on his present repair to her presence. 

April 10. 74. Earls of Clanrycard and Thomond to the same ; in favour of the 
Kilkenny. Viscount Montgarret's suit for the renewal to him, of certain farms 
and possessions which he now holds. 



[April 10.] 75. Instructions for John Harolde (in the behalf of the Lord 
Mountgarret) to make suit to the Queen for certain lands, viz., 
parts of the temporalities of the abbeys of Innistioge and Inislaw- 
naghty, and lands in the Fasagh Bantry, and the O'Morowes 
country, to be granted to the Viscount Mountgarret and his heirs 
for ever. 

April 10. 76. Mayor, Bailiffs, and Commons of Cork to Queen Elizabeth in 
Cork. commendation of the Earl of Desmond. 

[Apr. 10.] 77. Memoranda of additional articles by the Earl of Sussex. 
Shane to permit the Queen's garrison at Armagh to remain at peace, 
and see that they have free and safe coming and going. Commis- 
sioners to be chosen out of the Council to end all controversies. 
The delivery of the Calough O'Donnell. 

April 11. 78. Sir Henry Sydney's opinion upon the articles propounded to 
Shane O'Neill. Or rather certain articles considered indispensable. 

April 12. 79. Earl of Sussex's opinion concerning the articles accorded with 
Shane O'Neill, suggesting divers alterations. 

pril 14? 80. Memorandum of the denization of Harry O'Neill and his son 
Con by Act of Parliament at Dublin, 19 Edw. IV. 

April 14 ? 81. Copy of the above memorandum, noted by Sir W. Cecill. 

April 14. 82. Lord Justice Fytzwylliams to the Queen. Has received her 
Dublin. letters of several dates. The Earl of Desmond. Baron of Dungan- 
non's son. The garrison at Armagh orderly. Shane's suspicions vain. 
Proclamation for the Earl of Desmond's more safety. The treasure, 
arrived April 13. The young Baron of Dungannon or Tyrone was 
slain April 12, between Carlingford and the Newry, by Turlough 
Lynagh accompanied by 1 00 horsemen. [This Turlough Lynagh 
was the son of Niall Conallagh ; he was styled Lynagh or Luineach 
from having been fostered by the O'Luinigh of Muintir Luinigh, 
in Tyrone. See Dr. 'Donovan's Four Masters, note to A.D. 1567.] 

April 14. 83. Same to Cecil. Letters received. Has spoken to the Ulster 
Thomas Court. Herald for notes of the pedigrees of the O'Neills and other Ulster 
families. Discountenance of heraldry and prevalence of rhymers 
who set forth the "most beastliest" and odious parts of men's 
doings. Treasure arrived. Alford will make out a declaration of 
the treasure spent the last year. He is glad of the roll found con- 
cerning the O'Neills. Thanks for the book sent him. And for the 
assurance that the complaints of the Irishmen have not had any 
allowance. Exemplifications in a black box delivered at Beaumauris. 
The young Baron of Dungannon slain. 

April 14. 84. Same to the Privy Council. The peace has been kept with 
Thomas Court Shane's people by all at commandment. As for Felim Koe's son, 
by Dublin. jj enr y O'Neill and others, they have not made any open prey. Des- 
mond's proceedings. The late Baron of Dungannon's son Brian slain 
by Turlough Lynagh, Shane's chief governor during his absence. 



April 17. 85. Lord Deputy and Council to the Queen. Proceedings iti 
Dublin. publishing the proclamation for safety of Desmond's county during 
his absence. Sir Maurice Fitz Desmond his uncle dead. [N.B. Con- 
tradicted May 17.] The English Pale and the proclamation. Brian 
the young Earl of Tyrone slain by Turlough Lynagh. Measures 
taken for surety of Shane's country. 

April 17- 86. Earl of Clanrycard to Cecill, for favour to the bearer Mr. Wm. 

Kilcolgan. Lealy, Dean of Tuam, in soliciting that Her Majesty's former letters 
patent, which he had obtained certain years past, may be thoroughly 
performed and brought to effect. [See 1559, about July 16.] 

87. Instructions for Mr. Lealy, to be exhibited on the Earl of 
Clanrycard's behalf, to Queen Elizabeth and the Privy Council, at 
his arrival. 

88. Petition of William Lealy, Dean of Tuam, to the Queen, 
for a grant to him .of her letters for the little parsonage called 
St. Nicholas in Galway, and Urau-begg, a parcel incident to the 
Abbey of Knockmoy, as he is contented to give over his grant of 
said Abbey. [Found with papers of 1563.] 

April 18. 89. Mayor, Bailiffs, and Commons of Youghal to the same. Com- 
Youghal. mend the Earl of Desmond. The protection he afforded them in 
routing out a den of thieves, who maintained a castle four miles up 
the river. 

April 22. 90. Memorial of matters for Ireland. 

April 23. 91. Alexander Craik, Bishop of Kildare, to Cecill, for license to 
Deanerath. repair into England for his urgent affairs and the recovery of his 

April 23. 92. Lord Justice Fytzwylliams to the Privy Council respecting 
Thomas Court, their letter of January 29, for the delivery of a ship called the Mary 
of Abrelduke in Brittany, to the bearer of the same, which ship 
William Pers took from one Wm. Hanson a pirate. The Earl of 
Desmond is going to build a castle in the Lord .Roche's country. 
Letters despatched to him to hasten his repair to England. 

April 23. 93. Same to Cecill. The manner of the betraying and murder of 
Thomas Court. Brian the young baron Dungannon. Twenty of his men slain. Des- 
mond's factious intention of building a castle. 

April 23. 94. Sir Nicholas Bagenall to same. Shane O'Neill's followers 
JDublin. have greatly spoiled his lands and tenants since his, Shane's, depar- 
ture. When Bagenall had office and credit his lands were worth 
more than 1000?. per annum, and now they are altogether wasted. 
He desires to part with them to the Queen in exchange for lands in 
England. Incloses, 

94. i. Brief of Sir N. Bagenall's lands, viz., The castle and 
manor of Garlingford and Cowleye 'with fishing. The castle and, 
inanor of Greencastle and Mourne. The College of the Newry. 
The Friar-house of Carlingford. April 23. 




April 24. 


VOL. V. 

95. Joan Countess of Desmond [and Countess Dowager of Ormond 
and Ossory, ob. 1564,] to Cecill, in favour of the bearer Andrew 
Skyddy, and Ins purpose of renewing his suit for the Grey Friars of 
Cork. License for corn. 

April 24 

96. Same to the Queen for license for 800 weighs of wheat and 
malt for supply of her house. Andrew Skyddy to have a grant of 
the Grey Friars, by Cork. 

April 27- 97. The Queen to the Lord Justice Fytzwylliams. Sussex doth 
shortly return thither to his charge of Lord Lieutenant. Order to 
be taken for the levy of cesses, heretofore accorded for the forts and 
the Lord Lieutenant's household and retinue. 

April 29. 98. Lord Justice Fytzwylliams to Cecill. The Earl of Desmond's 
proceedings. A declaration of the war charges for 1561 and 1562 
sent by the bearer. Shane's man is gone towards his master with 
good store of tales. No spoiling of Shane's people, but great spoils 
committed by them on Sir N. Bagenall's tenants. Sir Christopher 
Chevers, Barnewall, and Barnaby Scurlock sow rumours. Fytz- 
wylliams repines at Irish perverseness and desires to be rid of his 

99. Indented articles of covenant between the Queen and John 
alias Shane O'Neill, son of Con O'Neill late Earl of Tyrone. Eule 
and order of certain countries committed to Shane. The captains to 
recognize their obedience to Her Majesty. Order for controversies. 
Shane to serve at hostings in Ulster. Bonnaught, &c. Those who 
have served the Queen since the death of the Earl of Tyrone, to have 
no impediment or molestation. Soldiers. Pledges. Malefactors. 
Preys. Order relative to the claim of the son of Matthew the late 
Baron of Dungannon. Garrison to abide some time at Armagh. 
Shane to stand to the arbitration of the Earls of Ormond, Kildare, 
Thomond, and Clanrycard whether the Calough O'Donnell and his 
wife be lawful prisoners. The Castle of LifFord. Shane's three 
pledges for the performance- and due observation of these articles. 

April 30. 

April 30. 
April ? 

100. Early draft of the above. 

101. Memorial by the Earl of Sussex, showing the state that 
Ireland was in at his " coming thither." The state it is now in. 
What state it may be presently brought unto, with daily diminishing 
of the charges, and how the same could not have been done without 
the charges already employed. 

May 2 ? 

May 2. 


Vol. VI. 1562. MAY AUGUST. 

1. Petition of Shane O'Neill to the Queen, for the loan of money 
to defray his expenses here. The 300?. promised him by Mr. Secre- 
tary not sufficient. Has to tarry the coming of the son of Matthew 
Kelly called Baron. 

2. The Queen to Sir Wm. Damsell, Receiver General of the Court 
of Wards. Warrant for loan of 300J. to Shane O'Neill. 




May 3. 3. John Parker, Master of the Rolls in Ireland, to the Queen, for 
Dublin. license to repair to England, to utter his knowledge relative to the 
affairs and state of Ireland. 

May 3. 4. Same to the Privy Council. The Earl of Sussex has detected 
Dublin. him to be a maker of books against his lordship, and has taken from 
him such living as he could. Parker denies the accusation and begs 
for means of purgation, or license to come to England. He desires 
deferred terms of payment of 600L which he owes to the Crown. 
Or a 21 years' lease of certain lands. 

May 4. 5. Lord Justice Fytzwylliams to Cecill. Burning committed on 
Thomas Court, the lands of Anthony Colcloght in Wexford. Some malefactors 
executed. Richard Kettyng, the chief doer in this mischief, has 
departed to his master the Earl of Kildare, hoping by his means to 
obtain a pardon. No pardon to be granted him. Desmond 
departed five days before the Lord Justice heard of it. Quietness. 

May 5. 6. Proclamation by the Queen in favour of Shane O'Neill. His 
submission accepted, and he in future to be accepted and reputed as 
a good and natural subject. The Barons of Shine and Louth, Sir 
Thomas Cusake, and Terence Danyell the Dean of Armagh, appointed 
for the hearing and determining of controversies between Shane and 
the gentlemen of the English Pale. 

May 7. 7. Matthew Kyng to Cecill. For his son to be made joint 
Dublin. patentee with him in his office. Report of an intended change of 
the Lord Chancellor. The present Lord Chancellor a most upright 
judge. If Her Majesty please to appoint another, it is expedient 
that he should be an Englishman, otherwise no English inhabitant 
will find justice. 

May 13. 8. Lord Justice Fytzwylliams to same. Thomas Bathe's suits. 
Thomas Court. Foul usage of Records. Corrupt dealings of Justices. The Cesses 
and provisions for the Forts and the Lord Lieutenant's house. 
Proceedings at Drogheda relative thereto. Incloses, 

8. I. The Queen to the right trusty, &c. of Ireland, to proceed to 
the hearing and determination of a traverse against the Crown, 
now depending in the Exchequer, and put in by Thomas Bathe for 
the title of certain lands. April 21, Westminster. 

8. II. Henry Draycott to Mr. Secretary, respecting the records of 
the attainder of Bathe of Dollar dstone, which have all been lost, 
embezzled, or the names erased. If Bathe's traverse pass, the lands 
of Eustace, Kettyng, and Nevelle, will be in danger to go in like 
manner. May 13. 

May 17. 9. Lord Justice Fytzwylliams to Cecill. The claims of Sir 
Thomas Court. Maurice Fitzgerald who dwelleth between the Earls of Ormond and 
Desmond. He seeks to depend upon the Queen's authority. He 
has sent certain articles to the Earl of Sussex to be considered. He 
is greatly commended. Sir Maurice " of Totane," [i.e., Atotane, or 
the incendiary,] uncle to the Earl of Desmond, is not dead as written 
April 17. Sir Maurice received the Queen's proclamation humbly 
and obediently. 



May 20. 

May 20. 

May 27. 



10. Notes of misorders committed by the Earl of Desmond in 
making war upon Her Majesty's subjects. Refusing to come before 
the Lord Lieutenant and Council. Refusing to perform orders, and 
in maintaining all open rebels and proclaimed traitors. 

11. Notes of matters to be ordered with the Earl of Desmond. 
To swear to be true to the Queen and obedient to the principal 
Governor. To suffer the Lord Great Barry, the Lord Roche, Little 
Barry, Barry Roe, the Lord Courcy, the Lord Fitzmaurice, Sir 
Maurice Fitzgerald, M'Carthy More, McCarthy Reagh, Teig M'Cor- 
mac [M'Carthy ?], O'Sullivan Beare, O'Sullivan More, M'Dongho, 
O'Callaghan and others in Munster, to remain in the Queen's peace. 
And he to have the leading of his own kin and holders of land in 
Cork, Limerick, Kerry, and Desmond. 

12. Sir Oliver Plunket, Sir Christopher Chevers, and others, 
noblemen and gentlemen of the English Pale, to the Queen. Have 
heard that Her Majesty gives no credit to the declaration or articles 
showing the miserable estate of the English Pale by certain Irish 
students [Mar. 21.] They desire that indifferent commissioners 
from England, associated with the Viscount Baltinglas and John 
Parker, Master of the Rolls, may be sent to make inquisition of their 

May 27. 13. Same to Lord Robert Duddeley, Master of the Horse. Thanks 
Dublin. for his furtherance of the Irish students' declaration. Desire his 
interest with the Queen, to send commissioners to Ireland to inquire 
of their state. 

May 28. 14. Lord Justice Fytzwylliams to Cecill. Thomas Fytzsymond 
Thomas Court Chief Officer of the Staple, gave information of three Frenchmen 
laden with hides, tallow, &c., all forfeited by Statute 8, Hen. VI. 
The French not stayed, considering the state of the world. Has 
received the Queen's and other letters with a copy of Shane O'Neill's 
indenture. W. Bermyngham. Shane O'Neill arrived on the 26th and 
delivered the Queen's letter of the 5th instant. He would not rest 
one whole day in Dublin, but had the proclamation proclaimed and 
departed with a guard into Tyrone, as it was reported that Turlough 
Lynagh had been made O'Neill. Great disorders committed by 
Desmond's followers. Sir John Travers died 25th May. Incloses, 

14. i. Boole of the debt of the old Earl of Desmond, and of 
Gerald the now Earl, for rents and possessions held of the Grown. 
1,386?. 10s. 8d. 

May 28. 15. Lord Justice Fytzwylliams to the Lord Lieutenant Sussex. 
Thomas Court Received his letters dated May 10 "at Channon Rowe." Shane's 
arrival. Richard Russell of Drogheda and Thomas Fleming of 
Siddan will be his bondsmen. For the Wexford rebels he had dealt 
with the Lord Power, John Butler, Walter Gawle, the sheriff of the 
county of Wexford, and Henry Daveles, in Herons absence. 
Thanks for the proclamation and books. The Lord Power has 
sustained a great burning in his country, " at which peryshed bothe 

N 2 



women and children, and some men by the sowrde, besydes a great 
praye led openly awaye at noune dayes by one of Shane M'Croftes 
[i.e. McGrathe's] sones " and other of Desmond's followers. 

May 31. 16. O'Shaughnessy to the Queen. Complains of the hurts done to 
him by the Earl of Thomond. Beseeches her attention to his 
supplication, with speedy remedy and despatch of the bearer. 

June 5. 17. Lord Justice Fytzwylliams to Cecill. Complaint of the hurts 

Thomas Court, done by pirates haunting Cork, Kinsale, and those parts. Richard 

Kettyng and the rebels of Wexford dispersed. He would that Shane 

and the nobility of Ireland should occasionally spend four or five 

months at Court. 

June 6. 18. Memoranda of divers matters to be despatched for Ireland. 
Earls of Desmond, Kildare, Ormond. Abridgement of the Laws of 
Ireland. A parliament to be called. Councils to be established in 
Munster and in Connaught or Ulster. Bishops to be appointed. 

June 7. 19. The Queen to Joan Countess of Desmond, relative to the 
causes for which the Earl of Desmond has been sequestered from his 
liberty, to the house of the Lord Treasurer of England. Her 
Majesty's favourable intentions towards him. Desires that peace 
may be preserved in his country. 

June 8 ? 20. Memoranda to be considered by the Queen's Commissioners 
in Ireland, relative to reparations within the Castle of Dublin. 
Stipendiaries. The master gunner to have his dwelling appointed 
within the castle. 

June 12. 21. A draft of articles for the Earl of Desmond, indorsed by 
Sussex. [See the real articles June 28, which differ considerably.] 

June 12. 22. Memorandum of munition to be sent by sea, to remain in 
Ireland for a store, and of some to be sent by land to supply present 

June 13. 23. Memorial, by the Earl of Sussex, of matters for Ireland 
resolved on by the Queen. Jaques Wingfeld to have his cause 
ordered in Ireland, to be punished, and to resign his patent. 
Bishops. Earls. Irishmen to repair to the Queen next winter. 
Decrying of monies. Skyddy to have letters patent for the bishop- 
rick of Cork. 

June 13. 24. Lord Justice Fytzwylliams to Cecill. Shane O'Neill has 
Thomas Court, written very courteously for redress of certain griefs. Cess. Wm. 
Bermyngham's going has caused great expectations ; the people say 
he cannot be answered, either by the Earl or any other. 

June J8. 25. The submission of Gerot, Earl of Desmond, acknowledging his 
many faults, and desiring the intercession of the Council and the 
Earl of Sussex, to procure Her Majesty's pardon. 



1562. VOL. VI. 

June 19. 26. Lord Justice Fytzwylliaras to Cecill. Comments on the Earl 
Thomas Court, of Desmond's obstinacy and present restraint. The Countess of 
Desmond. Measures taken for the peace of Desmond. Shane O'Neill 
half weary of his ease. Turlough Lynagh did seek to be elected 
O'Neill, but without success. Shane's pledges in keeping of Wing- 
feld, Constable of Dublin Castle. Donough Maguire dead. Three 
Keatings said to have landed at Milford. 

June 20. 

27. Lord Justice and Council to the Privy Council. Have written 
to the Countess of Desmond all that has passed concerning her 
husband. Letters sent to the Earls of Clanrycard, Thomond and 
others for the preservation of the peace of Desmond. 

June 21. 

June 2 1 ? 

June 28. 

28. Interrogatories relative to Bishopricks, Soldiers, Cesses, 
Musters, Leix and Offaley, Dead Pays. " W. Pers, Capt. of Knock- 
ferguss, to be inquired the names of his men." [Probably intended 
for the examination of Bermyngham.] 

29. The names of soldiers of the Queen's Majesty's Castle 
Knockfergus. [Probably bearing some relation to the above.] 


30. Articles exhibited by Gerot Earl of Desmond to the Queen ; 
after his submission made, and the favour of Her Majesty obtained 
for him, by the intercession of the Privy Council and the Earl of 
Sussex. Acknowledges the Queen. Will assist the Bishop in the 
furtherance of religion. Will be answerable to the laws, not aid 
pirates, outlaws, rebels, or traitors ; not make war on the Queen's 
subjects. Will suffer the Lords Fitzmaurice of Kerry, Great Barry, 
Lord Roche, young Barry, red Barry, Courcy, Sir Maurice Fitz- 
gerald, &c., &c., to remain upon the Queen's peace. Will repair to 

31. Draft of the above articles of Desmond's submission. 

32. Earl of Ormond's submission, to prosecute his demands by 
order of law. 

33. John Parker, Master of the Rolls, to Cecill. Writes herewith 
to the Queen relative to the miseries of Ireland, upon Cecill's adver- 
tisement to him of the Queen's pleasure and commandment. Laments 
the Lord Lieutenant's displeasure. Desires that the Lord Lieutenant 
should be asked, upon what ground he declared Parker had penned 
a book against him. His lands and farms taken away by Sussex. 
After 22 years' service is poor and in debt. Desires his farms back, 
or others of like value. 

June 30. 34-. " Donyll M'Arti More" to the Queen (at the suit of Henry 
Prom the Pallis. Stranwiche, gent., and others) in favour of John Appleyard and the 
bearer, who mean to repair to Baltimore, there to plant and inhabit 
for the fishing traffic. 

June 30. 35. Same to the Privy Council in favour of Mr. Appleyard and 
From the Paiiys. the bearer, as above. 

June 28. 

June 29. 




June 30. 36. Lord Justice Fytzwylliams to Cecill. The 27th he received a 

Thomas Court, packet, and forthwith sent the Queen's letter to the Countess of 

Desmond, and Cecill's to the Master of the Rolls, who has written 

back. Shane O'Neill. Much ado to stay him from revenging 

himself. Revenues of vacant sees to be called into the Exchequer. 

June. 37. A slanderous book addressed to the Queen against the Lord 

[London.] Lieutenant Sussex and other governors of Ireland, anonymous, but 

alleging to have been written by an Englishman after 21 years' 

service in Ireland. [Is this the book attributed to Parker ? See 

June 29.] 

June ? 38. Desmond's complaint to the Queen against Ormond. He 
claims 4,000?. as the forfeiture of a bond that Ormond would marry 
one of his sisters. 

June ? 39. Summary of the answer of the Earl of Ormond to the com- 
plaints of the Earl of Desmond. 

July 3. 40. The Queen to all Mayors and others. A pass for the Earl of 

Greenwich. . Ormond. 

July 3. 41. Instructions for the Earl of Sussex, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. 
Shane O'Neill. The Lords of Ulster to be induced to submit to the 
Queen. Leix and Offaley. Brian Fytzwylliams and his band. 
Cess. Jaques Wingfeld to be discharged of the office of Master of 
the Ordnance, and of all other offices and places, on account of his 
untoward conduct in the field against Shane. Homage. Three 
Councils proposed, viz., for Limerick, Athlone, and Armagh, or the 
Newry. Parliament. Acts. The Court of Castle Chamber to be 

[July 3.] 42. Memorial of matters for Ireland. Court-martial. Bishopricks 
void. Money. Statutes. Parliament. Castle Chamber. 

[July 3.] 43. Copy of the above. 

July 4. 

July 5. 


July 5. 

July 6. 

44. William Bermyngham to the Privy Council. That the Council 
books of Ireland and the Auditor's books of the same, may be stayed 
till the Commissioners go to Ireland. 

The Queen to Sir W. Damsell, Receiver General of Wards and 
Liveries, for the payment to the Earl of Kildare of 100L by way of 
loan, to be repajd before Christmas. [See July 1 3.] 

45. Memorandum of payments made by Sir Win. Damsell, Receiver 
General of the Court of Wards and Liveries, by virtue of divers 
warrants dated from 1561-2, Feb. 23, to 1562, July 5, to Shane 
O'Neill, and others of Ireland. 

46. Order by the Queen, upon the variance depending between 
the Earl of Ormond and Ossory, High Treasurer of Ireland, and 
Gerald, Earl of Desmond, whereby is confirmed to the Earl of 
Ormond, the right, title, and inheritance of the royalties, knights' fees, 
and other liberties and things, as well in the manors of Clonmel, 




July 6 ? 
July 7. 

July 7. 
July 11. 

July 13. 
July 16. 

July 21. 


July 22. 

July 22. 


July 22. 


Kilfekille and Kilsliielane, as also in other places in co. Tipperary, 
according to the patents of 5 June, 46 Edward III., and 11 May 
3 & 4 Philip and Mary. 

47. Copy of the above order. [Last folio missing.] Also a 
perfect copy. 

48. Note of such ancient rolls as are produced by the Earl of 
Ormond for the maintenance of his liberty of Tipperary. 

49. Instructions given to Sir Nicholas Arnold, knight, at his first 
going over into Ireland, to muster all the garrisons, in conjunction 
with certain lords and other men of worship. Should Arnold find 
no such defaults as Bermyngham has given the Queen cause to 
mistrust, to declare to the Lord Lieutenant and Treasurer, they may 
cause the soldiers to be paid as they meant before Arnold's coming. 

50. Draft of instructions to certain, being sent as Her Majesty's 
Special Commissioners into Ireland. Indorsed by Cecill, "Not 
sent, but Sir Nicholas Arnold sent alone, with letters to join with 
Commissioners of the country." 

51. Lord Lieutenant's memorial of matters to be moved to Mr. 
Secretary. O'Donnell's delivery. Letter to Sussex to repair to 
Nottingham. Fytzwylliams to be Justice. Desmond's submission 
and articles, and Shane O'Neill's articles to be sent to be recorded in 
Ireland. Trial of musters. 

52. Earl of Kildare's bill, acknowledging the receipt of 100?. from 
Sir William Damsell, and binding himself to repay the same by 

53. William Bermyngham to the Marquis of Northampton and 
Sir W. Cecill. He intended to have shown how 30,000?. might have 
been saved to Her Majesty. He desires their Lordships to be a mean 
that he may have back, a letter he had sent to two Irish students at 
the Inns of Court, and which had come to the Queen's sight, together 
with a license to return home. 


54. The Queen's pardon to Gerald Earl of Desmond, for all 
murders, manslaughters, and felonies. 

55. Memorandum of munition laden in the Mary Gallant, of 
London, to be delivered to the Clerk of the Ordnance in Ireland, 
and lost or rendered unserviceable. 

56. The Queen to the Lord Justice and Lord Chancellor of Ireland, 
in favour of William Vernon, gent., to have a lease in reversion of 
of 20?. land, for the term of 21 years. 

57- Lord Lieutenant Sussex to Cecill. His sorrow that the 
French causes have stayed the Queen's northern progress. The good 
success of Guise and the Papists likely to lead to a renewal of the 
Scottish title. The people, without discipline, come to divine service 
as to a May game. A remedy in Parliament. Urges Mr. Secretary 
to continued diligence. Is glad Mr. Arnold shall come to join with 
the Earl of Kildare for the musters. 




July 26. 



58. Lord Lieutenant Sussex to Cecil!. Landed in Dublin haven, 
July 2-k Gave order for stay of the pays. The musters formerly 
allowed by him correct. Abstract inclosed. The matters contained 
in his instructions known in Ireland before his coming. Shane 
O'Neill hath taken preys of Maguire, M'Randal Boy, and others. 
He is now in camp against O'Donnell's son, and both have Scots' 
aid. Ormond and Desmond to be made friends before they leave 
Court. Desires his old instructions by the next post. 

July 31. 

59. Lord Lieutenant Sussex and Council to Shane O'Neill. Send 
Kilmainham. Terence Danyell, the Dean of Armagh, and [John Garvey] the 
Archdeacon of Meath, to confer with him upon the execution of the 
articles of indenture, and to determine a day and place certain, for 
his repair to the Lieutenant's presence, where he desires that Con 
O'Donuell, Maguire, O'Reilly and others may also be present. Latin. 

July 31. 60. Instructions given by the Lord Lieutenant and Council to 
Kilmainham. Terence Danyell, the Dean of Armagh, and the Archdeacon of Meath, 

touching cartain matters to be by them moved to Shane O'Neill. 

Indentures. Contentions with Con O'Donnell and Maguire. 

O'Cahan, M'Quillin, and other captains, to come with Shane at his 

repair to the Lord Lieutenant. 

Aug. 1. 


61. Lord Lieutenant and Council to the Queen. The measures 
adopted by them to procure Shane O'Neill to proceed to the full 
performing of all matters contained in the indenture. The demand 
of the other three pledges deferred till his coming. Sir Thos. Cusake 
to travel to O'Reilly and Maguire. The diminishing of cesses by 
redeeming of farms. Some of the Mores and Conors have offered to 
submit. Inclose, 

61. i. Instructions given to the Commissioners in every county 
for the redeeming of farms for the diminishing of cesses. July 31, 

Aug. 1. 62. Lord Lieutenant Sussex to Cecill. Little hope that Shane will 
Kiimaiuham. continue in obedience. The Dean of Armagh's conversation. The 
Lord of Louth, Sir Thos. Cusake and others doubt much of Shane. 
Sussex's discretion in speaking of him. Report of a great conflict 
between Shane O'Neill and Con O'Donnell. Lysagh O'More who 
broke prison, sueth to make submission. A ship of Portugal that 
arrived at Galway, reports 12,000 Christians to have been made 
captives by ships of Barbary. 

Aug. 1. 63. Same to Lord Robert Duddeley. Much mistrust of Shane 
Kilmainham. O'Neill. The conflict between O'Neill and O'Donnell. The report 
that 12,000 Christians have been captured. 

Aug. 3. 64. Sir Wm. Fytzwylliams to Cecill. Shane O'Neill's pledges 

Thomas Court, would have escaped, had not the Master of the Ordnance given him 

timely warning. No good looked for from Shane. He may for 

awhile dissemble. 12,000 captives. Report that Shane had been 




Aug. 9. 


Aug. 12. 


Aug. 13 


Aug. 20. 


65. Lord Lieutenant Sussex to the Queen, in favour of Brian Fytz- 
wylliams, who for the goodwill he beareth to Sussex and his brother 
Sir W. Fytzwylliams, is willing to serve here. Arnold. 

66. Same to same respecting the articles with James M'Donnell 
and Sorley Boy. Incloses, 

66. i. James M'Donnell to Lord Lieutenant Sussex, praying to 
his Lordship) to advertise him by letter, what he has done in Uie busi- 
ness of his articles, so that a final end may be made. July 18, Hay. 

66. II. Earl of Sussex to James M'Donnell. The cause of the 
delay. He has now written to the Queen for her resolution. Aug. 
13, Kilmainham. 

67. Sir, Nicholas Arnold to Cecill. Mr. Bermyngham came to his 
house in his way towards Ireland. Extremities and abuses alleged. 
Waiting for passage in Wales. Incloses, 

67. i. Interrogatories to be ministered to the Queen's subjects in 
Ireland given to Sir N. Arnold by Mr. Bermyngham. 

68. Lord Lieutenant and Council to the Queen. The Commis- 
sioners for disburdening the country of Cess, have failed in the plan 
proposed. The country not being willing to contribute to redeem 
the leases. Proposal to relieve the Cess by taking from every man 
that had any farm of the Spiritual possessions, a 4th or 5th portion 
of his farm, and discharging him of so much rent. 

69. Lord Lieutenant Sussex to Cecill. Thanks for the French 
news. Sir N. Arnold arrived the 20th. Cess. Mr. Bermyngham's 
arrogance and devices to breed mutinies among the soldiers. Pro- 
ceedings with Jaques Wingfeld, relating to the confiscation of his 
offices, on account of his fault in the field against Shane O'Neill, 
1561, July. Intercession in Wingfeld's favour. Incloses, 

69. i. Earls of Sussex and Kildare to Shane O'Neill, to appoint 
a short day for his repair to the presence of the Lord Lieutenant 
and Council. And for a truce of two months for Con O'Donnell, 
Maguire, &c. Commendations of the Dean of Armagh. Aug. 17 3 
Kilmainham. Latin. 

70. Lord Lieutenant Sussex to the Queen. Has charged Wing- 
feld in severe words with the greatness of his offence. He denies 
that he ran away, but that when the horsemen fled, he did himself 
light afoot, to abide the uttermost with his foot band. His patent 
not voidable. 

Aug. 24?. 71. Lord Lieutenant and Council to the Queen. Doubts arisen 

Kilmainham. by alteration in the coin. Desire a warrant for the renewing of 

such patents of Her Majesty's officers, as contain the terms of 

sterling payment, and the same to be made with express words of 

Irish payment. Inclose, 

71. i. A schedule testifying the old rates of payment of the fees of 
the Lord Chancellor and other judicial officers^ and subscribed by 
the Auditor Gabriel Grofte and Henry Draycott. 

Aug. 23. 


Aug. 23. 





Aug. 26. 


Aug. 27. 


Aug. 27. 



72. Lord Lieutenant and Council to the Queen. Have appointed 
Shane O'Neill to meet them at Dundalk, Sep. 14, with all such 
captains and other gentlemen of Ulster, as shall be requisite to per- 
form the articles of his indentures. Have granted him and his, a 
protection. He desires that Her Majesty will grant him, her 
gracious and perpetual protection against arrest, when he shall come 
to the Council or serve in any hosting. 

73. Lord Lieutenant Sussex to Cecill. Shane falls back to 
his old demands. His protection is so penned that he maybe stayed 
unless he perform the indentures made in England. Her Majesty's 
pleasure to be known whether advantage be taken thereof in case 
of necessity. 

Arrival the 20th. Proceedings with 

74. Sir N. Arnold to Cecill. 
his associates. Incloses, 

74. i. Notes of interrogatories to be ministered to the soldiers, 
the cessors, and others. 

Aug. 27. 75. Lord Lieutenant Sussex to the Queen. The Dean of Armagh 
Kilmainham. and the Archdeacon of Meath have returned. Talk. Shane has 
taken 20,000 head of cattle out of O'Donnell's country, since the 
landing of Sussex. He robs and spoils all men at will. A pro- 
tection for him so penned, that the intent of the granting thereof 
should appear to be for the performing the articles. The Council 
and he desire pardon for writing for Shane's perpetual protection. 

75. I. Instructions of Shane O'Neill sent with Robt. Flemyng 
and two others to the Lord Lieutenant The sons of the late Baron 
of Dungannon. Perpetual protection. Lieutenant's protection. 
Lieutenant's sister. Garrison of Armagh. License to send horses 
and hawks to friends in England. Sir Nic. Bagenall. Shane's 
humble service. Aug. Latin. 

75. n. Earl of Sussex and Council to Shane O'Neill in answer 
to the above. Aug. 26, Dublin. Latin. 

75. in. Protection granted by the Lieutenant and Council, to 
Shane O'Neill and all that shall come with him to Dundalk on 
Sept. 14, for performance of the articles of indenture. Aug. 26, 
Kilmainham. Latin. 

Aug. 31. 76. Sir W. Fytzwylliams to Cecill. Shane O'Neill's doings. The 
Thomas Court, small remnant of the Mores and Conors lie off, till they may see 
the end of Shane's matters. Sir N. Arnold. Sends an Irish gos- 
hawk as a present. 

Aug. 31. 


77. Privy Council to the Lord Lieutenant [and Council ?] in answer 
to theirs of the 20 to the Queen. They cannot judge of the pro- 
priety of charging Her Majesty's possessions, but desire that Sussex 
will cause a particular book to be made of the quantity of grain 
and other victuals answered. [Draft.] 






Lessemylen ? 


Sept. 1. 


Sept. 2. 

Sept. 6. 


78. Sir Thomas Cusake to the Lord Lieutenant Sussex. On 
Thursday last, the most part of the shire appeared before him and 
the other Commissioners, and made at the first wilful and uncivil 
answers, but afterwards desired time till Friday to put their answers 
in writing. They desire rather to be discharged of the feeding of 
the soldier, than of the cess corn. He will hold a meeting at Mullin- 
gar to-morrow. O'Reilly, Hugh O'Reilly, and Maguire will meet 
him on Saturday next. 


1. Jaques Wingfeld to the Lady Cecill, sending a "forayred tassel 
of a goshalke," and begging she will entreat Sir William Cecill to be 
favourable to his case. Also Lady Cecill's note to Sir William 
desiring a hawk for her brother Richard Coke. [In her own 

2. Lord Lieutenant and Council to the Queen. Have received 
answer from Terence Danyell, the Dean of Armagh, that the Chapter 
there be " so sparkeled and owte of ordre," as he can by no means 
assemble them to proceed to the election of Mr. Adam Loftus. 
Measures recommended. Loftus is discreet, well learned, and hath 
a goodly gift of utterance in the pulpit. 

3. Modern copy of the above. 

4. Lord Lieutenant Sussex to the Queen, respecting the contempts 
and slanders of John Parker the Master of the Rolls. Incloses, 

4. i. Articles of interrogatory ministered by the Earl of Sussex 
and Council to J. Parker, Master of the Rolls, to be by him 
answered in writing. Sept. 2, Dublin. 

4. ii. Other articles of interrogatory ministered as above to John 
Parker. Sept. 2, Dublin. 

Sept. 6. 5. Modern copies of the above letter and inclosures. 

Sept. 6. 6. Earl of Sussex to the Queen. Shane O'Neill. The muster 
Dublin. books delivered to Sir Nicholas Arnold. Bermyngham could not 
prove his informations. Incloses, 

6. i. Shane O'Neill to the Lord Lieutenant and Council, for 
redress of the hurts and spoils, done to his people since his depar- 
ture for England under the Queen's protection. William 0' Brain 
to be sent with answer. Aug. 23. Ex Castello Corcra. Latin. 

6. ii. Lord Lieutenant and Council to Shane O'Neill. The 
spoils done by the English, during his absence in England, to be 
decided by the Barons of Slane and Louth, Sir Thomas Cusake, 
and Terence Danyell, the Dean of Armagh. The Earls of Kildare 
and Ormond and four of the Council sliall determine all contro- 
versies between him and the other Irish, when they 'repair to the 
Lieutenant's presence, Sept. 14. Sept. 1, Dublin. Latin. 




Sept. 7. 


Sept. 7. 


Sept. 7. 

South wark. 

Sept. 8. 


Sept. 8. 

Sept. 9. 


Sept. 11. 

Sept. 20. 



6. in. Draft of the estates to be granted of the Queen's lands in 
Leix and Offaley. 

7. Lord Lieutenant to the Privy Council. Has received their 
letters of August 13. Mr. Wingfeld's letters. Dealings with him. 
Desires Wingfeld's cause may be ended in England. 

8. Lord Lieutenant Sussex to Cecill. Leix and Offaley. Parker. 
Wingfeld. He desires an open examination of the matters of accu- 
sation against him. Begs to be released from the government of 

9. Gerald Earl of Desmond to same. Can make no further answer 
touching the prize wines of Youghal and Kinsale. Begs permission 
to return to Ireland as he has no money, if not to be permitted to 
repair to Bristol. Desires a passport for his servants to go over to 
Ireland. Also Her Majesty's letters to the Lord Lieutenant to see 
redress of the hurts and enormities committed on his tenants. 

9. i. The names of " Sir Dorby, the styward," Andrew Skiddy, 
and thirty-seven others, the Earl of Desmond's servants, for whom 
he desires passport into Ireland. 

10. Sussex to Cecil). That an error in the bill, for the confirming 
of estates granted in Leix and Offaley, may be amended. 

11. Abstracts of divers letters from Ireland of Sept. 7, 8, Aug. 24, 
Sept. 2, 6 and 6, calendered in their respective dates. 

12. Jaques Wingfeld to the Privy Council respecting the tenor of 
their last letters to the Lord Lieutenant. Desires commandment 
may be sent to Sir Nicholas Arnold, to examine his whole behaviour 
since his first arrival in Ireland. 

13. The Queen to Sir W. Fytzwylliams, Vice-Treasurer of Ireland, 
for the entertainment of his brother Brian Fytzwylliams, and his 
band of 200 harquebussiers in Ireland. State of the accounts with 

14. Lord Lieutenant and Council to the Queen. On the 14th 
inst. they assembled at Dundalk to see execution of the indentures 
made in England, between Her Highness and Shane O'Neill. Relate 
at length their proceedings, and the refractory and stubborn 
behaviour of Shane in absenting himself altogether. Inclose, 

14. i. A memorial for the Earls of Kildare, Clanrycard, and 
Thomond touching such matters as they have to commune of, with 
Shane O'Neill, by order and consent of the Lord Lieutenant and 
Council. Sept. 18, Dundalk. 

14. IT. Lord Lieutenant and Council to Shane O'Neill. Their 
sorrow at his refusal to come to the meeting. Send him the Queen's 
letters to him by the bearer Robert Flemyng. Remind him of his 
promise not to go to war without license. Sept. 19, Dundalk. Lai. 




Sept. 20. 


Sept. 21. 


Sept. 23 


Sept. 29. 


Sept. 29. 



15. Sir W. Fytzwylliams to Cecill. The proceedings with Shane 
O'Neill. His refractory conduct. The despair of M'Mahon, 
Magennis, O'Hanlon, Maguire, O'Reilly, &c. The treasure re- 
maineth untouched. The ship with the artillery and munition was 
wrecked on the bar in Dublin bay, Sept. 10. All drowned but two. 
Thanks for favours to his mother and for news from France. 

1 6. Lord Lieutenant Sussex to same. The travail taken to induce 
Shane O'Neill to perform the articles concluded in England. His deter- 
mination to perform no part of them. Discourse on the consequences. 
Distress of Maguire, O'Donnell, and all Irishmen relying on the 
Queen. Advice. Necessity of war. Sussex desires earnestly to be 
relieved of the service in Ireland. The Earls of Ormond, Desmond, 
Kildare, &c. Chief Justice John Plunket and Sir Thomas Cusake. 
The letter inclosed to be delivered. 

17. Sir Nicholas Arnold to same. Report of a letter sent from 
the Queen of Scots to Shane, which arrived at one of Shane's houses, 
and was sent after him to Dublin, while he was on his way to 
England. His daily practice with King Philip's ambassador while 
in England, &c. Necessity of war. Distress of the Irish that have 
forsaken Shane. Desires answer to his letters of Aug. 27. 

18. Same to same. Has mustered the bands of Capt. Delves, 
Bagenall, Agarde, Girton, and Mr. Marshal Sir G. Stanley. The rest 
will be finished in a fortnight. 

19. Lord Lieutenant to the Queen. Dealings with Shane O'Neill. 
Absence of the Council. Robert Flemyng's secret communication. 
" Woorde was sent to Shane owte of the Inglishe Pale that my Sister 
was brought over only to trappe him, and that if he came to eny 
governer he shuld never retorne." Terms agreed upon between 
Shane and Con O'Donnell, Maguire, M 'Randal Boy, Henry O'Neill 
and others. Con O'Donnell shall have O'Donnell's estate, and O'Don- 
nell shall be kept prisoner all his life. Con O'Donnell shall marry 
Shane's daughter. " Thre of the M'llannes, kynesmen to the Coun- 
ties of Orgyle " have preferred great services to Shane O'Neill for 
the delivery of the Countess. Shane shall have again " Jeames 
M'Connelle's doughter," and will marry her openly. Sorley Boy 
shall foster with Shane, and shall give him five hundred kine and 
eight horsemen's furnitures for a buying, and shall serve him with 
four or five hundred men in every journey. Secret communication 
of John Smythe, my Lord Treasurer's man. Letter from Queen 
of Scots to Shane, c. Dangers. War. Advice. Incloses, 

19. i. Shane O'Neill to the Lord Lieutenant [and Council] in 
answer to the letters of Sept. 19. Sept 22, Ex Dyblis. Latin. 

19. II. The articles which Shane O'Neill desires to write to the 
Queen. The amount of hurts in his absence. Objections of his 
gentlemen to the indentures. Latin. 



Sept. 29. 



19. in. Lord Lieutenant Sussex to Shane O'Neill, in answer to 
his letters of Sept. 22, sent by " Robertum Fleming, Nelanum 
M'ln rye et O'Hagay" [O'ffagan?\. The Earl of Kildare being 
sick, and the Council occupied in the musters, he defers a further 
answer for the present. Shane to read again the last letters. 
Maguire and M'Randal Soy will make restitution. Sept. 28, 
Ardbraccan. Latin. 

20. Lord Lieutenant Sussex to Cecill. Shane O'Neill. Sir 
Nicholas Arnold's proceedings in the affairs of the musters. Arnold 
says that the musters go so ill forward on Bermyngham's side, that 
he thinks assuredly he will slip away or become frantic. Implica- 
tion of Chevers and Barnewall. Security to be taken of the Earl of 
Desmond before he return, lest he follow Shane. Sussex indisposed 
in his head. 

Sopt. 30. 21. Con O'Donnell to the Queen. Miserable captivity of his 
Navan. father and mother. Shane demands the delivery of the castle of 
the Liffbrd, the chief defence of O'Donnell's land, for the enlarging 
of his father and mother. Demands aid. O'Donnell, Maguire, 
O'Reilly, M'Mahon, Fenye, Magennis, and O'Hanlon. Hopes 
Shane may have a sudden fall, for in his promise there is no 
assurance, nor truth in his word, with as many other vices as a man 
of his sort may have. Prays for relief. 

Oct. 1. 22. Lord Lieutenant Sussex to the Queen. Con O'Donnell's 
Ardbraccan. lamentation and requisition of present aid for his defence. Measures. 
Con is wise, valiant, civil, true, and " the likely est plante that ever 
sprange in Ulster to graffe a good subject on." 

Oct. 5. 23. Lord Lieutenant and Council to the Privy Council, in answer 
Trivet. to their letters of August 31. Cesses of grain and other victual for 
the Governor's house and the Forts. Incloses, 

23. i. A note of six several weeks' expenses of the Lord Lieu- 
tenant's household at Kilmainham from the 24ith of July 1562 to 
the 6th of September. Sept. 6. 

Oct. 8. 24. Walter Pepparde to Cecill. Sends a goshawk by the bearer, 
Cionmines. John Harepennye. Sends also his leases, and beseeches aid. His 
farm of Slewmarge, &c., and his inheritance. He lost seventeen tall 
men while defending Slewmarge in the rebellion. 

Oct. 11. 25. The Queen to the Lord Lieutenant, Lord Chancellor and 
Hampton Court. Council. Warrant for altering of patents, by change of the term 
sterling payment into Irish payment. Mr. Loftus to be placed in 
the archbishoprick of Armagh until he may receive his establish- 
ment. John Parker, Master of the Rolls, to be reformed and taught 
to know his fault. 

Oct. 11. 26. Draft of the latter portion of the above by Cecill. 



1562. VOL ' VIL 

Oct. 12. 27. Lord Lieutenant Sussex to Cecill. Has received his letters 
Ardbraccan. o f Sept. 3. Shane. James M'Donnell. Wishes we might once 
again have Calais. Musters. Brian Fytzwylliams. Provision of 
grain. The 10 Oct. Shane's pledges and Thady O'Brien broke 
prison out of Dublin Castle. Desires his license to return. Expenses. 

27 I. A memorial of matters to be done by the Council at 
Dublin upon the escape of Shane O'Neill's pledges and Thady 
O'Brien, sent by Sir W. Fytzwylliams from the Lord Lieutenant. 
Oct. 10, Ardbraccan. 

Oct. 13. 28. Sir W. Fytzwylliams to Cecill. Arnold and the matter of 
Thomas Court, the musters. Shane's men took all the beeves from the garrison 
at Armagh, and in two days restored some of them. He has attacked 
Con O'Donnell and O'Reilly. The Scots. Brian Fytzwylliams. Thanks 
for French news, and for his mother and brother John. Thady 
O'Brien " as evell a man as eny in Ireland, hys one brother exseptyd." 
Sends a declaration of his charge as Vice-Treasurer and Treasurer 
at Wars, and the note of a farm, which he desires to have for many 

Oct. 15. 


29. Lord Lieutenant Sussex to the Queen. Shane O'Neill hath 
been in O'Donnell's country, and taken above 10,000 head of cattle, 
notwithstanding his oath to observe the peace taken before Com- 
missioners sent expressly. His attempt on Armagh. The ward 
at Armagh strengthened. Shane's dealings with the Irishmen. 

29. i. Lord Lieutenant and Council to Shane O'Neill, in 
answer to his letter and articles of Sept. 22. They desire him 
to observe the peace. Oct. 5, Trivet. Latin. 

29. n. Same to Queen Elizabeth in favour of Shane O'Neill 
and that his messenger with certain petitions may be favourably 
received. [Oct. 20, Dublin.] Copy of a draft sent for the approval 
of Shane. 

29. in. James M'Donnell of Donnavaige to Sussex. Sorley 
Boy will be obliged to make an agreement with Shane for safety. 
They will perform their parts of their agreement with Sussex on 
receiving the patent notwithstanding. Sept. 28, Kantyre. 

29. iv. Sussex to James M'Donnell. Expects the patent daily. 
Not to make agreement to Her Majesty's prejudice. Oct. 16, 

Oct. 20. 30. Lord Lieutenant and Council to the Queen, in favour of Shane 
Dublin. O'Neill, and that his messenger with certain petitions may be 
favourably received. 

Oct. 21. 


31. Sir Thos. Barnewall, Sir Patrick Hwsse, Patrick Nangle 
Baron of the Nawane, and other gentlemen of Meath to the Queen. 
Send copies of their answers to the motion, for contribution in dis- 




Oct. 26. 


Oct. 26. 


Oct. 26. 


Oct. 26. 

Oct. 30. 





charge of cesses to the Governor's house and the Forts. Other 
impositions and disorders much more grievous and intolerable. 
The " abuses of the cators." The poverty of the English Pale. 

32. Alexander Craik, Bishop of Kildare, to Cecill. Has received 
no answer to his petitions. Desires the discharge of " my fyrst 
frewtes which was promesyd to be remyttyd me afore I cam from 
London," and that he may enjoy his deanry without trouble of the 
law. Prays to be disburdened of the bishoprick of Kildare, as lie 
cannot understand the Irish language. 

33. Lord Lieutenant and Council to the Queen. Have written in 
favour of Shane O'Neill, but do not mean that in respect thereof, 
Her Majesty should extend favour to him. Inclose, 

33. I. Ooncordatum continuing the soldiers who were, by Her 
Majesty, appointed to be discharged in lieu of Mr. Brian Fytz- 
wylliams s band, to avoid any attempts by Shane O'Neill, 

34. Lord Lieutenant and Council to the Privy Council, in 
obedience to their letters of Oct. 6. They certify their opinions on 
the affairs of Ireland. Shane O'Neill must be extirpated. The 
proposals for carrying on the war. Proceedings deferred till the 1st 
of March. The Lord Lieutenant to be sent for, to declare to Her 
Majesty the Council's desires for the benefit of this realm. Inclose, 

34. i. John Magwere to the Lord Lieutenant Shane O'Neill 
with a great host has burnt all his corn and houses, on the east side 
of the river, and killed above 300 of his labourers and women and 
children. Hugh O'Donnell suffered O'Neill to pass the river at 
Belleek Castle. Desires that a horse taken from this bearer may be 
restored. Oct. 20. 

35. Muster Roll of the Berwick band of Captain Brian Fytz- 
wylliams, taken before Sir Nicholas Arnold and his associates. 

36. Sir W. Fytzwylliams to the Queen, confirmatory of the advice 
of the Lord Lieutenant and Council, for cutting off Shane O'Neill. 

37. An abstract containing the names of the soldiers, checked 
in the bands of Sir "Wm. Fytzwylliams, Sir Henry Radeclyff, the 
late band of Lyppiat, the band of Sir G. Stanley, Jaques Wingfeld, 
Francis Agarde, Girton, Heron, Warne, Delves, Cowley, Portas, 
Sir N. Bagenall, Matthew King, and Brian Fytzwylliams. 

38. A note to be considered of, concerning the Queen's army in 
Ireland, declaring the causes of the checks in every Captain's band 
severally, by Sir Nicholas Arnold upon books, viz., from 1559, June 
22, to 1561* Aug. 17, and from thence to 1562, October. 



Nov. 2. 


Nov. 2. 


Nov. 2. 


Nov. 2. 


Nov. 3. 

Thomas Court. 

Nov. 6. 



39. Shane O'Neill to the Queen. Some of his people robbed and 
spoiled, and some killed, during his absence in England notwith- 
standing her protection. Has had but 40 kine restored, out of 3,880 
kine, and goods to the value of 2,000 marks. He desires Her 
Majesty to be favourable to his petitions, and the articles devised 
by the gentlemen of his country. 

40. Same to the Lord Robert Duddeley, sending a present of 
two horses, two hawks, and two greyhounds ; his complaints ; 
he desires his Lordship to be a mean for his favour with Her 
Majesty and for the obtaining of his petitions. 

41. Same to Cecill. Thanks for his kindness to him whilst in 
England. Sends him a present of a horse by the bearer John Smyth, 
the Queen's footman. Desires him to be a mean to the Queen, for 
granting his requests and articles contained in a book sent to her. 
His losses. 

42. Sir W. Fytzwylliams and Mr. Baron Jarnes Bathe to same. 
Relate their dealings with Walter Pepparde, concerning the ore and 
lead at Clonmines, Ross, and elsewhere. Pepparde will give but 
half the money they demand, but their skill is not great in those 
matters. Inclose. 

42. I. Recognizance (600.) of W. Pepparde Esq. of Kilka ; 
J. Eustace, and Pat. Sarsfelde, to pay the ninth of the metals 
of Clonmines, and the tenth of the metals of the other vnines 
in co. Wexford to the Queen's use, and for offering to Her Majesty 
the pre-emption of the gold at 2s. per oz., and of the silver at 4(L 
per oz. lower than the market prices. ' 

42. ii. Recognizance (1,200L) of W. Pepparde Esq., J.Eustace, and 
P. Sarsfelde, to give bonds on the exportation of the ore and metal 
of the mines of Wexford for the bringing back of so much bullion 
of silver or gold as shall be adjudged. Imperfect ? 

42. in. Recognizance (200?.) of Walter Pepparde of Kilka Esq., 
John Eustace gent., and Pat. Sarsfelde, to deliver up to the Queen's 
use, all the tools, instruments, Jining-houses, &c. on the expiration 
of Pepparde' s lease of the mines in Wexford. 

42. iv. Bill or extract of W. Pepparde' s answer to a former letter 
of Fytzwylliams and Bathe concerning the prices and rates which 
he tvill give. 

43. Sir W. Fytzwylliams to Cecill. His writings to the Privy 
Council relative to Shane O'Neill. He is going to have one cwt. 
of the ore from Ross, Clonmines, and the other pits fined in his own 
house. He desires Pepparde's man may be stayed, till he has made 
this experiment. 

44. O'Reilly, Maguire, Hugh, and Edmonde to the Queen. Shane 
O'Neill after his return from England compelled many of the northern 
chiefs to forsake their duty to Her Majesty and adhere to him. His 




invasions of O'Donnell, Maguire, O'Reilly. His threats. The Lord 
Lieutenant and Sir Thomas Cusake. They will maintain their faith 
to Her Majesty to the last. Their distress. Latin. 

Nov. 20 ? 45. Memorandum of the petitions of Sir George Stanley, Sir Henry 
Radeclyff, Nicholas Heron, Henry Cowley, Sir William Fytzwylliams, 
Capt. George Delves, Henry Draycott, the soldiers of the late Captain 
Brokers band, Earl of Ormond, Dean of Christchurch, Sir Nic. Bage- 
nalh, John CufFe, Oliver Grace, Ric, Donkester, and Win. Pers. 

Nov. 20 ? 46. Petition of the Earl of Ormond to the Queen, to release unto 
him certain rent reserved upon certain parcels of march lands granted 
to him by Queen Mary ; desires to have the fee farm of Onaght ; 
authority to take victual at the Lord Deputy's prices ; the reversion 
of the spiritualities of Kilrush, and to be discharged of his debts in 
the Exchequer. 

47. The Queen to the Lord Lieutenant and to the Lord Chancellor 
or Keeper, to grant to the Earl of Ormond, a release of the rent of 
4:91. 3s. 9d. Irish, reserved on certain lands granted to him by patent 
13 Sept., 1558; also the fee farm of the late abbey of Holycross^ 

Nov. 20. 


Nov. 25. 


Nov. 27. 


48. Shane Maguire to the Lord Lieutenant Sussex. Shane 
O'Neill has left neither house nor corn in all his country, excepting 
only certain islands. Hugh O'Donnell has prepared 12 boats to 
rob them, and Shane is coming by land with all his power. Begs 
assistance. The Lord Lieutenant to write to him in English. 
The presents of a horse and four hand guns. Credence to the 
bearer. Favour to M'Quillin. 

49. Lord Lieutenant Sussex to Sir N.Arnold. Desires that he will 
fully examine the exact state of the accounts, and make a perfect 
book of musters, declaring the checks proved, and the names of the 
persons checked, so that he, the Lord Lieutenant, may defalk the 
wages of such as be checked, and make full pay to the rest. 

Nov. 27 ? 50. Relation of the matters passed between the Earl of Sussex and 
Sir Nicholas Arnold, relative to the taking of the musters, from the 
arrival of Sir Nicholas Arnold in Dublin till Nov. (27), 1562. In- 

50. I. Copy of the Lord Lieutenant's letter to Sir N. Arnold, 
described above. Nov. 27, Kilmainham. 

Dec. 3. 


Dec. 3. 

51. Lord Lieutenant and Council to the Privy Council, for credit 
to the Lord of Howth. Sir William Fytzwylliams, and Justice 
Plunkett, despatched with instructions for the affairs of Ireland, 
according to their Lordships' letters of Nov. 1 4. 

52. Memorandum of a provision of victual, to be sent out of 
England for the furniture of the army already in Ireland, and of the 
new supply to be sent out of England. 



Dec. 4. 


Dec. 7. 

Dec. 8. 

Dec. 10. 
Dec. 15. 


Dec. 28. 


Dec. 28. 


Dec. [28]. 



53. Lord Lieutenant Sussex to Cecill. Refers the state of Ireland 
to the relation of the Commissioners. Cannot deal in so great a 
cause before his sufficient purgation. Cannot write his advice to 
the Prince by letter. The charges to reform Shane O'Neill are set 
forth greater than they need be, if every man will do his part. Back- 
wardness of the Council to victual soldiers at Armagh the cause of 
Shane's great strength. Mr. Treasurer Fytzwylliams will declare 
how the commissioners for the musters have left things so uncertain 
that no pay can be made till further order. 

54. Alexander Craik, Bishop of Kildare, to the Lord Lieutenant 
Sussex, relative to certain " undecent " words spoken by William 
Leich, a Scotsman. Desires that his Lordship would protect the 
bearer John Douglas, whom Leich is endeavouring to oppress by a 
warrant for the keeping of the peace, on account of his testimony 
against him. Incloses, 

54. I. Certain articles against William Leich, Scotsman, accused 
by John Douglas, a Scotsman also, of certain indecent words spoken 
against the Queens court and subjects. 

55. Certain notes or memoranda on the state of Ireland, shewing 
how the people are stirred to hate the English, and procured to 
exclaim against disorders without seeking amendment. 

56. Instructions given to William Pers by the Lord Lieutenant, on 
his despatch to James M'Donnell. 

57. Lord Lieutenant and Council to Maguire and Turlough Lynagh, 
persuading them to stand on their own defence against Shane 
O'Neill, and promising the Queen's assistance as soon as possible. 

58. Lord Lieutenant to the Privy Council. Has travailed with 
O'Reilly, Maguire, and Con O'Donnell, who remain in Her Majesty's 
service, notwithstanding their continual great losses. Has procured 
Turlough Lynagh, the second person in Tyrone, to forsake Shane. 
Sorley Boy. The new M'Mahon. Dealings with " Donell Grome 
Odonelloughe" of the sept ofTerence Danyell7.the_pean of Armagh, 
to bring all his sept to serve the Queen. ThaEosT-tJie. strnn gpsfc. sept 
that followeth Shane. Sussex will go with the army to Armagh 
to parley with Shane the bright moons, to keep him from preying 
the Irish chieftains. The Master Gunner gone to assist the Earl of 
Thomond. Mores, Byrnes, and Tooles. The Earl of Clanrycard's 
kinsmen troublesome. 

59. Same to Cecill. A weak body and a worse head. Weakness 
of Shane O'Neill. Lack of furniture and provisions. 

60. Memorial or abstract of letters from Ireland, from 1562, 
Aug. 20, to Dec. 28. 

61. Table of the captains of Ireland, with the total number of 
their officers and bands. 

62. Division of Offaley. The names of the grantees and of the 
parcels granted. [Before 1564, July 27.] 

63. Note of those of the barony of Balrothery who have denied 
payment unto the soldiers now serving in the Naas. 




Jan. 11. 


Jan. 15. 


Jan. 26. 

Jan. 29. 


Jan. 29. 



1. Earl of Ormond to Cecill. Thanks for courtesy shewn him 
when in England. Entreats favour and furtherance for Mr. Jaques 
Wingfeld, now repairing to Court, to clear himself of the imputations 
wherewith he is charged. 

2. Lord Lieutenant Sussex to Cecill for favour to J. Wingfeld, 
Master of the Ordnance, now repairing thither. 

3. Lord Lieutenant and Council to the Privy Council. Have 
procured O'Reilly, Maguire, and Con O'Donnell to join in the 
Queen's service. Have induced Turlough Lynagh to forsake Shane 
O'Neill. Proceedings to aid them. Two months' victual to be 
levied by the last of February. Provisions, tools, &c. for Armagh. 
Assistance given to the Earl of Thomond. Evils ensuing the lack 
of pay. 

4. Lord Lieutenant Sussex to Cecill. Bailiff of Dundalk and 
Sir John Bedlow send word of Shane's treacherous dealings. 
Preparations. Have not received news from the Commissioners 
sent to England. Provision and working tools for Armagh. 

5. A minute of the commissions sent forth for the levying of the 
two months' victuals. 

Jan. 30. 6. Lord Lieutenant Sussex to Cecill. Letters from the Lord of 
Holmpatrick. Louth declare Shane's spoils on the borders. Shane has sent for his 
whole power, which before was divided into three parts. Sussex 
has written to him to withdraw his camp from the borders. Will 
go himself to-morrow to Dundalk. Levy of two months victual 
concluded in Council Jan. 27. Shane aware of all proceedings. 
Sir Nicholas Bagenall. 

Feb 3? 7. Iiispeximus of grant, dated 1563, Feb. 8, to Henry Cowley of 
Castle Carbery, in county Kildare, Esq., of the Castle in Edenderry 
alias Cowleyston, in King's county, with all messuages, gardens, &c., 
and 587 acres arable and pasture in Edenderry, Drom Cowley, half 
Bally M'Quillin, Aghergarrowe, Ballyntogher, Ballekyllyn, &c., &c. 

Feb. 5. 8. Lord Lieutenant Sussex to the Privy Council. Hurts done by 
Holmpatrick. Shane O'Neill on the borders within two miles of Dundalk. Sussex 
repairs thither. Means devised to preserve the borders. Unto ward- 
ness of the country to their own defence. The Earl of Clanrycard 
with the help of Mr. Treasurer's band of foot, has reduced the rebels 
in his country. The Master Gunner has taken the Castle in 
Thomond for the Earl of Thomond. Money, munition, and working- 
tools for Armagh. 

Feb. '5. 9. Same to Cecill. Desires the Queen's letters to the Nobility 

Holmpatrick. anc l Council to assist and be careful in the execution of matters 

against Shane. The commissions for the provisions of the forts still 

unexecuted. Charge to the Queen thereby. His extraordinary 

expenses, and the division of his household for lack of provision. 



1563. ' VIIL 

Feb. 9. 10. Lord Lieutenant Sussex to the Privy Council. Has heard 
Holmpatrick. from Sir W. Fytzwylliams the Queen's resolution to proceed against 
Shane O'Neill. The provisions to be despatched for Armagh. 
Money to pay the soldiers before taking the field. Effective 
preparation of the army. 200 jacks, 200 northern saddles and 
furniture desired. 

Feb. 19. 11. Same to same. Order taken for the levy of wheat, malt, and 
Holmpatrick. horsemeat for the army for two months; backwardness of the 
Nobility and Council therein. Sussex repines at having to deal 
with the Irish. 

March 1. 12. Same to same. Dealings with the Council, &c, Disobedience 
Holmpatrick. and wilfuiness. Lord of Howth and Chief Justice John Plunket 
landed Feb. 28, and delivered the Queen's letters. Effect produced 
oil the Council. Two months' provision of victual. Incloses, 

12. i. Commission for the levy of the tivo months' provision. 
Jan. 29, Dublin. 

12. II. The names of the Commissioners in every county 
appointed for the levying of the two months' victuals. Jan. 27. 

March 1. 13. Lord Lieutenant to Cecill. Proceedings with the Council. 
Holmpatrick. Disposition of the whole country to keep up an O'Neill and set up 
a new O'Brien. 

March 5. 

14. Resolutions taken by the Lord Lieutenant and Council, for 
the levy of the two months' victual. 

15. Lord Lieutenant Sussex to Cecill. The Council have passed 
resolutions for levying the two months' victual. Sussex thinks 
they will fail in the execution. Thanks for Cecill's care for the 
furthering of proceedings against Shane O'Neill. 

16. Same to the Privy Council, recommending Robert Lord of 
Trimletiston that he may be known to their Lordships. He repairs 
presently to England to study. His father was a ready and willing 
nobleman in the Queen's service. 

17. Same to Cecill, sending, by the bearer George Frevelle, the 
extent of the Baron of Delvin's land. Cecill to procure the ward- 
ship and the farm of his land for Sussex. 

18. Captain John Cuffe to same. His suit for the parsonage of 
Bally maglassan, co. Meath, the manor of Deeps, co. Wexford, and the 
priory of Innistioge, co. Kilkenny. The Lord Lieutenant has sent 
over the survey of Innistioge. 

[March 15.] 19. Draft of a proclamation against Shane O'Neill, calling upon 
all Her Majesty's loyal subjects that have been by his tyranny 
forced to aid him in his rebellious doings, to return to Her Majesty's 

March 6. 


March 0. 

March 13. 

March 1 5. 


March 16. 


20. Lord Lieutenant and Council to the Queen. Arrival of the 
Lord of Howth and Chief Justice John Plunket. They have prolonged 
the day for the two months' victuals to the 3rd of April. Scarcity 
of grain and great dearth of plough-horses. The Irish remain 
at Her Majesty's devotion. 



March 16. 


March 19. 


March 20. 

March 31. 


March 31. 

March 31. 


April 4. 
Red Bay. 


21. Kesolution of Lord Lieutenant and Council, deferring the day 
of setting forward the array and victuals to Armagh, and appointing 
for them to be at Dundalk the 3rd of April. Regulations for the 
cesses. Order the hosting to assemble at Dundalk to go through 
the great pass. 

22. Resolutions taken by the Lord Lieutenant and Council, for the 
ordering and levying of the cess of two months' victual, and for 
the carriage thereof to Armagh. 

23. Conclusions taken by the Lord Lieutenant and Council 
relative to the carriage of the victual ; part to be carried to Armagh, 
and the oats that cannot be carried through shall be left at Armagh. 

24. Lord Lieutenant and Council to the Queen. Nicholas Heron 
and Edward Fitzsymon, have delivered a perfect book of the hurts 
committed, by the Countess of Desmond and John the Earl's brother 
and their men. The Lord Roche, Lord Barry, Sir Maurice of 
Desmond, Teig M'Cormac, and others have received great hurts. 
Measures recommended. 

25. Lord Lieutenant Sussex to Cecill. Proceedings respecting 
the two months' victuals. Uncertainty. CecilFs advice to follow 
the matter earnestly, and end it with honour. Sussex desires that 
he may end his charge in Ireland with honour. 

26. Same to same. At the request of Sir William Fytzwylliams, 
a friend to whom he would gladly show pleasure, he Incloses 

26. I. The survey of the late dissolved monastery of Holmpatrick 
at 691. 9s. 6cL, and signed by Henry Draycott, the Queen's officer in 
the Exchequer. 

2 1 ?. James M'Donnell to the Lord Lieutenant Sussex. Has sent 
such articles by Captain Pers as he desires. Commandment given 
to Sorley Boy not to come into his Lordship's presence until the 
Queen's grant be delivered. James M'Donnell is loth to permit his 
brother to come there, until the ugly murder of the sons of M'Randal 
Boy be revenged. Sussex not to be discontented that Sorley Boy 
gives way to Shane to secure himself from incursions. [See April 
Lord Lieutenant and Council to Privy Council]. 

April 11. 

April 16. 


April 16. 

28. Lord Lieutenant Sussex to Cecill in favour of the bearer, Sir 
Thomas Cusake. His experience in the wild Irish causes, the cess 

of the Pale, &c. Few Cusakes in Ireland. 

29. Mayor, Bailiffs, and Commons of Cork to the Queen. The 
exposed position of Cork. Pirates, rovers, and malefactors. They 
desire some sufficient munition and artillery. Governor of Ireland 
and Lords to have special charge to show favour to the citizens and 
inhabitants of Cork. 

30. Memorandum of eruptions to be provided and bought, for the 
furniture of Ireland, upon which one of the clerks of the signet 
should draw a warrant. 




April 16 ? 31. Memorandum of a provision of wheat and malt to be made 
for Ireland estimated at 1,640/. 1 6s. Sd. 

April 16. 


32. Gerot Earl of Desmond to Cecil], Thanks him for his 
enlargement. Desires him to be a mean, that he may have license 
to repair to Ireland. The commandment he has to keep his house 
to be revoked. 

April 24. 33. Lord Lieutenant Sussex to same. He is commanded to take 
Armagh, the field and has not a penny, to lead forth an army, and has no 
munition. Disappointment of galloglas and kerne. 

April 24. 34. Lord Lieutenant and Council to the Privy Council. Their 
Armagh, coming to Armagh April 6. Letters from W. Pers, Constable of 
Knockfergus. No means to maintain Shane O'Neill, but the 
assistance of James M'Donnell. Took a prey of Shane's cattle 
April 15. Delay of the galloglas and kerne. Begin to fortify the 
churchyard. Owen Roe, a Captain of Scots, married to the late 
Baron of Dungannon's daughter, who always heretofore was in 
the Queen's service, refused to receive our letters, with answer, 
that he would never come at Englishman till the murder of 
[Allister] M' Randal Boy were revenged. The 21st they went into 
the Trough and discovered all the country beyond. 22nd. Returned 
to Armagh with a prey. Hope within 20 days to put Shane to a 
great afterdeal. Skirmish with Shane's men. Inclose, 

34. T. W. Pers, Constable of Knockfergus, to the Lord Lieutenant 
Sussex. Communed with James M'Donnell at the Red Bay, 
according to instructions Apr. 7. James is very distant. He 
refused to send any man to any place further than from Loughfoyle 
to the Newry. Owen Roe. Want of victuals. Con M'Neill Oge layeth 
hard wait to prevent letters coming to the Lord Lieutenant. Pers 
was nine weeks in Cantyre and could not possibly send a boat into 
Ireland. War between the Earl of the Isles "and M'Alane." 
April 11, Knockfergus. 

34. ii. Certain articles agreed ufyon between James M'Donnell 
and W. Pers. Red Bay, Apr. 7. [Copy inclosed in the above letter 
of W. Pers, with an indorsement " Hereupon indentures drawn and 
sent into Ireland."] 

34. in. Lord Lieutenant and Council to James M'Donnell. 
Have received from William Pers the articles delivered to him by 
his Lordship (i.e. James M'Donnell). Have sent them to the Queen,. 
Doubt not but Her Highness will return her letters patent. Pray 
him to cause Sorley Boy to send to Armagh the rising out specified 
in the articles. April 14, Armagh. 

34. iv. Lord Lieutenant and Council to the rest of the 
Council of Ireland, for three or four hundred kerne for 20 days, 
with meal, &c., to be at Dundalk the SQth April. Apr. 17, 




April 24. 

April 24. 

April 25. 


April 28. 


.34. v. Lord Lieutenant and Council to Owen Roe, a Captain 
of Scots, to repair to the Queen's service with promise of the Queens 
pay and bonnaught. Desire him to serve the new O'Neill. Apr. 16, 
Armagh. Latin. 

34. vi. Lord Lieutenant and Council to Sorley Boy McDonnell. 
To guard the Ban against Shane, and hinder him from flying 
his goods. To send his rising out to Armagh, and any that will 
seek to serve for wages, to be entertained by the Queen. Apr. 20, 

35. Lord Lieutenant Sussex to the Queen. Want of money, &c. 
The countrymen cry out, that they be unpaid of all things for three 
years. The soldiers behind fjor three years exclaim, and through 
Sir Nicholas Arnold's iniquitous dealings, are as ready now to 
mutiny as they were wont to be willing to serve. Deficiency in 
the two months' cess. Has written to the Council to bring in, the 
grain cessed for his house. The soldiers sickly. 200 men to be sent 
over from England. These lacks to be supplied in time. 

36. The same to the Privy Council, relating the circumstances of 
the murder of [Allister] M'Randal Boy and his brother [Gillaspick], 
with divers of his men in the town of Ardglass, after having supped 
Avith Andrew Brereton, with whom Sussex had made them friends. 
The slander ensuing. Brereton has left the country. He desires 
that Brereton may be sent back to answer to his doings. 

37. Memorandum of the remains of all the munition in the charge 
of Jaques Wingfeld and Ric. Hopwood, with a proportion desired 
to be sent out of England. [This is probably the " remainder" sent 
over by Sir W. Fytzwylliams referred to in Sussex's letter to the 
Queen April 24 page 2, but according to the diminution set in the 
margin, it agrees with the folloioing warrant of April 25.] 

38. The Queen to the Earl of Warwick, Master of the Ordnance, 
&c. Warrant for sending into Ireland certain munition for the 



39. Lord Lieutenant to Cecill. Can neither get kerne to further 
the service, nor com to be brought in. The Queen's provisions 
arrived yesterday at Waterford. How hardly Sussex will be 
provided of kerne by the Council, Cecill will perceive by the copy 
of the memorial in the Council's letters. Indisposition of the country 
to have Shane O'Neill suppressed. Mentions, 

39. i. Memorial of articles agreed upon between the Lord Lieu- 
tenant and the Council. The grain cessed for his house to be 
ground and sent to Armagh. And men out of the English Pale to 
conduct the same. April 28. [Draft in Sussex's own hand, not 
inclosed in the above, but the copy of it was inclosed in a letter to 
the Council.] 

40. Memorandum of the monthly charge of Her Majesty'-s forces 
serving in Munster as well horsemen as foot. 



May 6. 

May 10. 


May 11. 


May 11. 


May 11. 


May 20. 



41. The conference had between Sir Henry Sydney, President of 
Wales, and Gerot Earl of Desmond, at the house of the said Lord 
President in London, May 3d, 1563, together with six articles, touch- 
ing the prize wines of Youghal and Kinsale. The inheritance of the 
baronies of Kilfylane, Kilfiecle, and Clonmel. The detaining of the 
hostage of the Lord Fitzmaurice of Kerry, &c. Complaint of Sir 
Maurice Fitzgerald. Desmond's objection to commissioners coming 
into Desmond His promise of fidelity. [ With seat and subscription 
of Gerot Desmond.] 

42. Alexander Craik, Bishop of Kildare, to Cecill respecting the 
slanderous and false reports devised against him by William Leich. 
The matter is before the Lord Lieutenant arid Council. Thanks to 
the Queen for remission of his first fruits. Has sent the particulars 
thereof to the Lord Robert Duddeley by this bearer. 

43. Lord Lieutenant Sussex to the Privy Council, to be means to 
the Queen for granting a pardon to Phetyplace, a rover, for the 
taking of Whitehead. With a postscript in favour of the dealings 
with James M'Donnell. [Original, but not signed.] 

44. Lord Lieutenant to Cecill. 
against Shane. 

Prospects of the undertaking 

45. Lord Lieutenant and Council to the Privy Council. Their 
lack of meal and horsemeat. They pass the Braintrie, a place of 
great strength of bog and wood. Took 1,000 of Shane's kine. 
Proceed by the guiding of Felim O'Neill through the edge of the 
Trough and the Fower, and go along " Slee bawghe" to the Clogher. 
May 6, Maguire and Turlough Lynagh meet them. Art M'Henvy 
Ballagh, Con Roe's son and M'Namee with the 7 or 8,000 cattle 
drawn into Maguire's country, Prospects of the next journey 
against Shane. Skirmish and death of Niall M'Shane Boy, captain 
of Shane's gunners. Inclose, 

45. i. Lord Lieutenant and Council in the Field to the Lord 
Chancellor and Council. Complain of the deficiency of meal. Re- 
quire them straightly, to see the supply appointed for the I4:th 
brought to Armagh by a svfficient escort, accompanying the kerne. 
May 3, Armagh. 

46. Lord Lieutenant Sussex to Cecill. A full discourse on the 
enterprise for the expulsion of Shane O'Neill, with the incidents 
and difficulties that may possibly occur. The rumour of war between 
England and France adds to the danger. Will provide a band of 
kerne himself, and go into Glanconkine, and shortly after will have 
the assistance of the general hosting, with the assembling of all the 
Earls' forces. Desires the footmen out of England may be there 
by that time. James M'Donnell, Owen Roe, M'llane, Countess of 
Argyle. Ships of war with ordnance, munition, &c. have put 
into Lough Foyle. It is probable they are destined for Scotland. 




May 20. 

May 25. 

May 26. 


May 26. 


May 28. 



46. i. Extract of a letter from Mr. Randolphe, the English 
ambassador in Scotland, to the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, rela- 
tive to his interview with James M'Donnell; his promises of service. 
The authors of the murder of his two kinsmen, Allister M' Randal 
Boy, and Gillaspick, to be punished. Earl of Argyle is friendly 
to the English. Received May 15. 

47. Lord Lieutenant and Council to the Privy Council. May 13 
Sussex received a letter from the Earl of Kildare and Justice 
Plunket, declaring the failing of the kerne appointed in lieu of a 
general hosting. Sussex wrote for a general hosting. Great 
negligence of the Council in providing victual. The kerne might have 
been raised in 48 hours. Obliged to take the army to escort the 
victual through negligence of the Council. The want of kerne com- 
pels them to break off their meeting with Maguire, Turlough 
Lynagh and Con O'Donnell, May 21. Sussex will provide kerne. 
The general hosting. Shane Gait fled from them to Shane. Inclose, 

47. i. Lord Lieutenant to the Lord Chancellor and Council. 
Disappointment of the kerne. Orders to be issued, for a general 
hosting of 40 days, to assemble at Dundalk June 1 4. The Earls of 
Ormond, Desmond, Glanrycard, and Thomond already appointed 
to be there. May 14, Holmpatrick. 

48. The Queen to the Lord Lieutenant and Chancellor, inclosing 
a pair of indentures between Her Majesty and James M'Donnell, 
one signed and to be sealed by the Chancellor, the other to be 
signed and sealed by James M'Donnell. 

49. Lord Lieutenant Sussex to Cecill. Has received letters of the 
17th May. Circumstances of the murder of about ten churls who 
stole away with their garrans on the night of April 11, and were 
surprised by certain of Shane's men, returning from the borders. 
Pay, Musters, Probity of the Captains ; negligence of the Clerk of 
Check ; frowardness of Sir N. Arnold. The grain arrived at Water- 
ford April 23, and came to Dublin May 1 4. Sussex complains of 
an ill head after two night's watch in travel. Incloses, 

49. i. A schedule of letters written to the Queen and Council, 
since the army came to Armagh April 11. 

50. Lord Lieutenant and Council to the Privy Council. Take a 
prey of 6 or 700 kine from a sept of Shane's men called M'Cardell's, 
while flying with their cattle into M'Mahon's country. M'Mahon's 
communication. Have taken his pledges, and bound him by inden- 
ture to serve the Queen. Sorley Boy commanded by James M'Donnell 
to keep all Scots from aiding Shane. Owen Roe. Letters to 
Owen Roe and Sorley Boy. Death of M'Randal Boy to be answered. 

51. Mr. John Chaloner to Cecill. Has served three years as Her 
Majesty's Secretary for the State in Ireland. His indisposition and 
unfitness for the office. He desires to be discharged, and that his 
younger brother may be preferred to the office. Desires license to 





work the silver and copper veins in his island of Lambay, with a 
commission dormant for taking up necessaries, such as Pepparde has 
for Clonmines ; with the fee farm of Wicklow and Ennisboythen 
[Enniscorthy ?], and the rectory and tithes of Lambay. 

52. Lord Lieutenant to Cecill. Sends the survey of Holmpatrick 
at the request of Lady Fytzwylliams, who fears the former mis- 
carried, Mar. 31. Sussex's obligations to Sir W. Fytzwylliams for 
the loan of his house. 

June 11. 53. Sir N. Arnold's petition for allowance for his service,'at tendance, 
and charges for writings, from 1562 July 20 to 1563 June 11, with 
a memorandum of money already received by him. 

June 10. 

July 4. 

July 19. 

July 22. 

July 26. 


July 30. 

July 30. 

Aug. 1. 


54. Gerot Earl of Desmond to [Cecill]. His necessity and the 
continual craving of his creditors prevent his repair to court. His 
suits to Her Majesty. To obtain the warrant for the loan to him 
of 600Z. 

55. The Queen to the Lord Lieutenant or Lord Chancellor of Ire- 
land. Sends the copy of certain letters from Hamburgh, complaining 
of violence done to one Theodore Elers last year by certain of Ireland 
and the Mayor of Cork. Commands inquiry and satisfaction. 

56. Joan Countess of Desmond and Countess Dowager of Ormond 
and Ossory to Cecill. Slandered to her husband as being his chief 
stayer in England. Beseeches that Cecill and the rest of the 
Council, would vindicate her innocence to her husband. She has 
not taken part with her son the Earl of Ormond against her hus- 
band, but wishes them both to be perfect friends. Desires the Earl 
of Desmond may be despatched in favour. 

57. The articles of instructions for the Earl of Ormond and 
Ossory, Lord Treasurer of Ireland, and the Earl of Kildare, to parley 
with Shane O'Neill. [Inclosure in a missing letter which is 
answered by the Queen Aug. 9.] 

58. Memorial of the parley had by the Earl of Ormond and 
Ossory and the Earl of Kildare with Shane O'Neill. Wherein he 
refused to break off with the Scots, till he should have his petitions 
granted, and thereupon there was no peace concluded. [Inclosed 
with the above.'] 

59. A note of such yearly tribute and service of horsemen, kerne, 
and galloglas as are to be demanded of the Irish Captains of all parts 
of Ireland. 

60. G. Earl of Desmond to Sir Thomas Cusake. Has perused 
the orders to be executed in Munster. Will do his utmost endeavour 
to accomplish Her Majesty's desire. Cusake to further Desmond's 
speedy return home ; his country is in disorder. To be sent with 
Cusake to Waterford and not to Dublin. Will be with Cusake 
timely to-morrow. 




Aug. 4. 61. G. Earl of Desmond to the Privy Council. Benefits to be looked 
Braynfbrde. for, from the articles devised by Sir Thos. Cusake to be put in 
execution in Munster. Necessity of Cusake's being joined with 
Desmond in the execution. 

Aug. 5. 62. Alexander Craik, Bishop of Kildare, to Cecill. He is at 
From the ward present in the Marshalsea for his first fruits, &c. Desires him to 

J oin with the Lord Robt ^d^y for obtaining the Queen's 
letters to the Lord Lieutenant, for the Lord Chancellor to pass the 
Queen's pardon of the same. 

Aug. 6. 
Aug. 6. 

Aug 7. 

Aug. 7. 

Aug. 7. 


Aug. 9. 

Aug. 14. 

St. Albans. 

Aug. 15. 

St. Albans. 

Aug. 18. 

63. Memorandum of offices to be granted in Ireland. 

64. A memorial for Sir Thomas Cusake of certain things to be 


declared to the Lord Lieutenant Sussex, as to means to be used to 
bring Shane O'Neill to submission, to be executed by the said Sir 
Thomas and other trusty persons, such as the said Earl and the said 
Sir Thomas shall think meet. 

65. The Queen to the Lord Lieutenant Sussex, for furtherance of 
means to bring Shane to submission, wherein though some part 
may seem to touch Sussex otherwise than he has indeed deserved, 
yet Sussex will bear some burden rather than see the Queen forced 
to grant Shane pardon, before his submission as before. 

66. The same to the Council in Ireland. Sends Sir Thomas 
Cusake to assist in the great and public affairs of that realm. His 
advice and counsel to be esteemed and regarded. 

67. Orders meet to be taken with Shane O'Neill in eschewing of 
more trouble. [This bill of articles devised by Sir Thomas Cusake 
seems to be a different draft of the above of Aug. 6.] 

68. The Queen to the Council in Ireland. Has received the 
letters relating the proceedings with Shane O'Neill, and considered 
the instructions given to the Earls of Ormond and Kildare [See 
July 26], and Shane's answers thereto [See July 30]. She is sorry 
to see they have been constrained to proceed so remissly with such a 
man ; assures them that she cannot allow to yield to him, as she has 
instructed Sir Thos. Cusake, who is returned thither. 

69. George Gerland and George Parysh to Cecill, concerning the 
surrender of Gerland's patent of Agher in favour of Parysh. Ger- 
land to have of the Queen an equivalent from the house of St. John's 
of Ardee in the county of Louth. 

70. Sir Thomas Cusake to Cecill, in favour of the agreement 
between the bearer George Parysh and G. Gerland. Cusake desires 
Cecill to write a few lines to the searchers, to suffer him to transport 
such stuff as he wants to carry with him into Ireland. 

71. The petitions of Andrew Wyse late Treasurer in Ireland for 
divers sums of money by him disbursed and paid in the same office by 
virtue of sundry warrants to him, made from the Lord Deputy and 
Council, which sums William Berners and John Wiseman, assigned 
auditors for the taking of the account, did not allow. 




Sept. 8? 1. Notes to be considered of for musters. The Clerk of the Check 
to be examined of his lewd dealing and untruth. Mr. Parker 
Master of the Rolls to be consulted. A general muster to be made 
in one day. Commissioners to be appointed. Names of Irish 
gentlemen who may be joined in the Commission. 

2. Another of the above not quite complete. 

3. The answers of Mathew King, Clerk of the Check in Ireland, 
to interrogatories ; relation of his whole proceedings, with a special 
account of the several bands. [Last date July 31, before Sept. 8.] 

Sept. 8. 4. The replication to the answer of Mathew King, delivered 
Sept. 8, and signed Jo. Hamby. 

[Sept. 8.] 5. Abstract of the answers, replication, and rejoinder made 
touching the interrogatories ministered to Matthew King, Clerk of 
the Check. 

Sept. 10. 6. The answer of Shane O'Neill, wherefore he could not keep to 
the form of the articles of the indenture, made in England between 
the Queen and him. His losses. Hurts done by the sons of the 
late Baron, the son of M'Donnell and Henry the son of Felim Roe, 
while Shane was absent in England. Want of the stipulated 
redress. The Lord Lieutenant Sussex waged war with him from 
the beginning of April till the midst of the summer. The Lord 
Lieutenant denied his request to send letters and hawks to the Lord 
Robert Duddeley and his friends in England. Treacherous attempts 
devised against his life, caused him to commit some hurts. But as 
lately, by the instructions which Sir T. Cusake showed him, he 
understood it was not Her Majesty's will to deal so sharply with 
him, he promises hereby to observe his faithfulness towards Her. 

Sept. 11. 7. Petitions of Shane O'Neill sent by Sir Thomas Cusake and 
Robt. Flemyng. To have the authority over certain lords of the 
North anciently possessed by O'Neill. Malefactors not to be 
sheltered in the English Pale. O'Donnell, O'Reilly. A title and 
stipend for Shane. The church and great bell of Armagh. Truce 
till All Saints. Henry O'Neill. He desires some Lady of the 
English nobility, especially the Lady Frances, sister to the Earl of 
Sussex, or permission to marry some foreigner. A pardon under 
the great seal. Latin. 

Sept. 11. 8. Shane O'Neill to the Queen. His submission. His intention 

From his camp t,o serve her faithfully to his utmost power ; sorrow at havino- 

/ru ' offended. Cannot omit the statutes and ordinances of his pre^ 

decessors, as neither he or his subjects are skilled in the Queen's. 

Petitions by Sir T. Cusake and R. Flemyng. Latin. 



Sept. 11. 

Drym Cru. 

Sept. 16. 



Sept. 16. 
Sept. 17. 


9. The form of the peace made between Gerald, Earl of Kildare, 
and Sir Thomas Cusake, the Queen's Commissioners, and Shane 
O'Neill, confirming Shane in the name of O'Neill, until the Queen 
shall invest him with another honourable name. Approval of the 
concord made between O'Neill, O'Donnell, and his son. Four to 
be chosen to end the controversies between O'Neill, and O'Reilly, 
and Maguire. It is not to be taken for a breach of the treaty 
that O'Neill should refuse to appear personally before the Lord 
Lieutenant Sussex. No preceding indenture between the Queen 
and O'Neill to have effect. The peace to last till All Saints. The 
garrison to be removed from Armagh at All Saints. Latin. 

10. Lord Lieutenant Sussex to the Lord Shane, admitted to the 
name of O'Neill by the Queen's Commissioners. Has received his 
letters. Confirms the above peace. Latin. 

11. Four articles between Lord O'Neill and Sir T. Cusake. 
O'Neill not to answer for the death of Brian, the son of the late 
Baron of Dungannon, &c. Latin. 

12. Articles whereupon inquisition is to be made, by such Com- 
missioners as the Queen shall send into Ireland for the musters. 

13. Memoranda by Sir N. Arnold, of things to be considered by 
the Commissioners for musters in Ireland. 

[Sept. 17.] 14. Memoranda by Sir N. Arnold, similar to the above. 

[Sept. 17.] 15. Notes to be remembered to the Lords of the Council, relative 
to the musters, and debts of Captains in Ireland. 

Sept. 20. 16. O'Neill to Cecill. Gave credit to Sir T. Cusake. Repents 
Slew Gowlen. -\yith all his heart that thing he did. The cause. He will serve 
the Queen truly. Sends R. Flemyng with Sir T. Cusake, whom 
he recommends. English. 

Sept. 22. 17. Lord Lieutenant and Council to the Queen. Sir T. Cusake 
Dublin. w ill advertise the matters of Ulster. Borderages by some light 
persons of the English Pale on certain of the O'Reillys who were in 
the field in the Queen's service. Cormac O'Conor is come out of 
Scotland. Lysagh M'Kedagh O'More, and his company. The Byrnes 
and Tooles obedient. Those of them who were at the killing of the 
Talbots will abide order. The Kavanaghs obedient. The county of 
Wexford quiet since the sessions held by Mr. Heron. Ormond. 
Desmond. Thomond. Clanrycard. 

Sept. 23. 18. The Queen to the Lord Lieutenant and Archbishop of Dublin 
and Chancellor, &c., for the bearer Hugh Vyan of Dublin, Clerk, to 
have assistance to sue in forma pauperis, for his right to the chanter- 
ship within the cathedral church of Dublin, and to another meaner 
living in the said church. 

Sept. 23. 19. W. Bermyngham's device of orders how to proceed to the 
pay of the army in Ireland. Indorsed, " The copy hereof was deli- 
vered to the Commissioners subscribed by Mr. Smyth, Clerk of 
the Council/' 



1563. VOL ' IX - 

Sept. [23.] 20. Bermyngham's offer to the Privy Council, relative to the 
saving of 15,000?. out of the 30,000?., now owing to the army in 
Ireland, &c. 

[Sept. 23.] 21. Notes wherein consist all the doubts of the pay and checks. 
Indorsed, " Bermyngham's questions/' 

Sept. [23.] 22. Bermyngham's petition to the Lords of the Council for an 
allowance of his charges by prest, and dispensation from paying his 
rents reserved on his farms to the Queen, during the investigation. 
Wardship of a nephew's child. Constableship of Athlone. 

Sept. [23.] 23. Suits of W. Bermyngham to the Privy Council, to receive 
here the 100?. prest he is appointed to receive in Ireland. To be 
released of money he forfeited by recognizance in the Exchequer in 
Ireland ; and of the green wax money. A passport. A warrant 
for post horses. 

[Sept. 23.] 24. Suits of W. Bermyngham as above. 

Sept. 25. Notes to be considered, touching the office of the Clerk of 

the Check, whether the name of Muster Master would be of more 

Sept. 26. Cecill's note of things to be ordered for the trial, reformation 

and order of the payments of the garrison in Ireland. Special 
men to be sent. General muster at one time. The soldier to be 

Sept. 24. 27. Bermyngham's memorial of advices for the government of 

Sept. 25. 28. Walter Pepparde to Cecill. Thanks for the two several letters 
Dublin. directed in his behalf to the Lord Lieutenant. The declaration of 
his Lordship's answer and Pepparde's state, referred to the relation 
of Sir Thomas Cusake. 

[Sept. 28.] 29. Petition of Oliver Grace to the Queen, for the house of St. 
John's in Ormond for 6 1 years. 

Sept. 30. Gerot Earl of Desmond to Cecill. Brought very low by sick- 

[London.] ness. The air of his country necessary. Poverty. Has not 41. 
Thanks for promise of friendship and comfortable letter. Creditors- 
not to arrest him on his journey. 

Sept. 31. Notes concerning the Government of Ireland. The chief 

governor. Army. Chancellor. Chief Justices. Four Presidents. 

Oct. 15. 32. The Queen to the Lord Lieutenant Sussex. Sir T. Cusake. 
Since things have not succeeded to Sussex's desire, he must endea- 
vour to establish this peace. The Dean of Armagh to be made 
Archbishop ; the Archbishop there (i.e. Adam Loftus) to be Arch- 
bishop of Dublin, &c. Cusake to be Lord Chancellor. Displeasure 
at '"John Smyth's" alleged horrible attempt to kill Shane with 
poisoned \vine. To forbear letting any of the Queen's lands. 



Oct. 15. 33- The Queen to the Lord Lieutenant and Council. Sir T. Cusake, 
Quietness of Ireland. A resolute answer to O'Neill's matters sent 
in order to obtain peace in the north. 

Oct. 15. 34. Same to Mr. Draycott to make a note of all leases of Her 
Majesty's lands in Ireland granted during the last 21 years, with a 
special note of those that have a clause of re-entry for nonpayment 
of rent. And to deliver the same to Sir Thos. Wrothe and Sir N. 

Oct. 15. Commission from the Queen for Sir Thos. Cusake, to arrest 
French goods in reprisal of those taken from him by the French. 
[Draft on the same paper as the preceding.] 

Oct. 15.? 35. The survey of certain lands, sometime parcel of the dissolved 
house of Mellifont. 

Oct. 15. 36. Memorandum of part of the rents due to the Queen in the 
parish of Donovir in co. Meath. Indorsed, " 1563, Oct. 15. Robert 
Flemyng of Ireland." [Shane O'Neill desired to have Mellifont, 
1 563, Nov. 18.] 

Oct. 20. 37. Queen Elizabeth to all, &c. Passport for Gerot Earl of 
Desmond. To be furnished with all things necessary for himself 
and train on his return to Ireland. [Draft.] 

Oct. 20. 38. A memorial for instruction of Sir Thomas Cusake, for 
answer of certain matters mentioned by him to the Queen, on the 
part of Shane O'Neill. Pardon, Leading of Captains. O'Donnell 
O'Reilly and Maguire. Title of Earl. Shane may have and use 
the state and name of O'Neill. Armagh. Henry O'Neill. O'Neill's 
marriage. The Queen's indignation at the detestable attempt by 
"John Smythe" for the poisoning of O'Neill. Prey upon M'Mahon. 

Oct. 20. 39. A second memorial for Sir Thos. Cusake, relative to the 
manner of the treating with O'Neill. To forbear to deliver the 
pardon and the protection under the great seal, till the indenture 
and covenants be fully 1 concluded and perfected. 

40, 41. Drafts of the above memorials. 

Oct. 20. ? 42. Draft of a letter from the Queen to O'Neill, devised by Sir 
Thomas Cusake but not liked. 

Oct. 20. ? 43. The Queen to O'Neill. Has been persuaded by Sir Thomas 
Cusake to alter her former displeasure. Has agreed to certain of 
his requests which Sir T. Cusake will impart to him. English. 

Oct. 20. 44. Letters of Queen Elizabeth, granting protection and safe 
jconduct to Shane O'Neill. Latin. 

Oct. 20. 45. Instructions given by the Queen to Sir Thomas Wrothe and 
Sir N. Arnold, Commissioners for execution of divers things relative 
to the musters. Draft. Indorsed by Cecill, " A first copy of the 
first instructions." 



Oct. 24. 

Oct. 26. 


Oct. 26. 



1563 ? Oct. 

Nov. 8. 


Nov. 8. 



Nov. 9 ? 


46. The declaration of the Council of Ireland, that the Earl of 
Sussex did not withstand Sir N. Arnold, in the execution of his 
commission for the musters in 1562. 

47. John Chaloner to Cecill. Renews his suit as written more 
than four months past [May 28], which his brother Francis 
Chaloner delivered. Vein of lead at Clontarf and another at Castle- 
knock, to be joined in Her Majesty's grant to him. 

48. Captain John Cuffe to same. His long sickness. The 
bearer George Frevelle to make request on Cuffe's behalf to the 
Queen, for warrant to the Lord Lieutenant Sussex, to pass to him in 
fee farm the priory of Innistioge, in consideration that Selsekar 
Abbey is taken from him. 

49. Device of a college to be erected in Dublin. 

50. Modern copy of the above. 

51. Advices for the ordering of Shane O'Neill. That he should 
show example of civil order in his own person. To travail for 
reducing other lords and gentlemen to the like. To cause the 
people to resort to common prayer. To punish adulteries, murders, 
thefts and riots. 

52. Walter Pepparde to Cecill, that his case may be put as an 
article into the instructions of the Commissioners now appointed 
for Ireland. That he may be restored to his inheritances, and may 
have reasonable compensation for his farm of Slewmargy, with 
allowance for money disbursed about Her Majesty's affairs. 

53. Sir Thomas Cusake to same. The agreement of Gerland to 
surrender his patent of Agher in favour of George Parysh, and to 
have the fee-farm of certain lands (to the value of Agher,) out of 
St. John's of Ardee. Incloses, 

53. i. A new survey of so much of St. John's as the said Gerland 
requireth. Latin. 

53. n. The survey of Agher in the county of Meath. Latin. 

54. Petition of George Parysh, gent., to the Privy Council, for Her 
Majesty's patent of certain lands. For order to be taken with 
Gerland for his recompense. And for despatch, as G. Parysh was of 
late spoiled of all his goods on the seas by Frenchmen. 

55. The Queen to Sir T. Wrothe and Sir N. Arnold. Sends the 
requests of the Earl of Desmond, which he left with the Lord Robert 
Duddeley and Mr. Secretary at his departure. Requires them to 
confer with the Council of Ireland, and to send back their opinions 
thereon. Favour to be shown to Desmond's reasonable requests. 

56. The Earl of Desmond's requests to the Queen, for the manor of 
Dungarvan ; Onaght ; a castle called Ynyshonan ; and the reversion 
of divers abbey lands. 




Nov. 9. 

Nov. 10. 
Nov. 16. 



57. The Queen to the Lord Lieutenant Sussex. The suits of 
J. Parker, Master of the Rolls, to be considered by Wrothe and 
Arnold. Lease of 30 years to be made to Parker of certain lands 
he now holds. 

58. Same to Sir Thomas Wrothe and Sir N. Arnold concerning 
the suits of J. Parker, Master of the Rolls. [Draft.] 

59. Bond of Shane O'Neill for 1,OOOZ. to the Queen's use, if he 
should not perform his promises to Sir T. Cusake, for the restoration 
of the church of Armagh to Divine service, as Her Majesty has 
removed her garrison therefrom at his petition. Signed by Shane 
O'Neill, O'Donnell, Maguire, Manus Caragh O'Donilaghj Edmund 
Caragh O'Donilagh, James Caragh Q > J)nTii1a.gV> ; Rory O'Mellaghlen, 

Turlough Oge O'Mellaghlen, Donnell Gromy QIDoniUgb, Shane Oge 
O'Neill and Vllialmus Flemin judex Tyronise. Latin. [This signature 
of O'Donnell's is divided into lines ^tyf) O ^ it]i)4jll and has a 
cross [-. Maguire is 2t)jp 2t)d3Y?"D)fi and also has a x . James 
CaraghjO'Donilagli spells 2t)rre Jetijuf Cdfltdcl} O 

Nov. 18. 60. Articles of indenture to be performed between the Queen 

Benborbe. and Shane O'Neill. Signed and sealed by O'Neill and signed by 

Cusake. With the following note by Cecill, that these articles 

were not thought honourable for to be confirmed as they are penned, 

and therefore those in the next paper were devised and sent. Latin. 

Nov. 18. .61. Certain articles of convention and concord concluded between 
Benborbe. Sir Thomas Cusake and Shane O'Neill. Draft made in England 
with corrections and additions by Cecill. Latin. 

Nov. 18. 62. O'Neill to the Queen. Her goodness in pardoning him. The 
Benborbe. restoration of the cathedral of Armagh to the dean and clergy. 
Certain of his friends have undertaken to pay a part of his debt 
to the Queen. Measures taken for the payment of the other part. 
The style of Baron of Dungannon. Urraghs. Four commissioners 
to decide differences. Desires the Lady Frances (sister to Sussex) 
to wife. Or license to marry a foreigner. The peace concluded 
between him and Cusake. Latin. 

Nov. 18. 63. O'Neill to Cecill. Received his letters of 20 Oct., sent by 

Benborbe. R. Flernyng. Fidelity. Establishment of quietness according to 

his promise to Cusake. He requires a wife of English nation to 

increase his civil education, and cause his followers to acknowledge 

their duties to the Queen. English. 

Nov. 18? 64. Petitions committed by O'Neill to Sir T. Cusake, to move to 
the Queen. That O'Neill may be created an Earl in the next Par- 
liament. And that he may have the Lady Frances, sister of Sussex 
to wife. Also the monastery and lands of Mellifont. Latin. 

Nov. 18? 65. O'Neill to the Queen for the Lordship of Mellifont, and of 
St. John's of Ardee, and the customs of Drogheda. Also to be 
permitted to bargain with the farmer for the place and township 
of Mellifont, that he may dwell there as all his mansions are 
destroyed. English. 




Nov. 28. 


Nov. 29. 


Dec. 7. 


Dec. 10. 


Dec. 10. 



66. Terence Danyell Dean of Armagh to Cecill. Had been desired 
by Cusake to assist for the conclusion of the peace with Shane 
O'Neill. Is required by the Lord Lieutenant to remain in the 
north to accompany Shane. Good fruits of the peace with Shane. 

67. Robert Flemyng to same. An interesting and characteristic 
description of what passed in O'Neill's camp during the absence of 
Sir T. Cusake. The joyful manner in which the peace was received 
by O'Neill and his people. The oath he swore his people to oberses, 
&c. Flemyng's suit for the brewing utensils at Armagh. 

68. Commission given by David Wolfe, Jesuit, commissary from 
the Pope to Thady Newman, priest, to absolve all manner of lapses 
from the church, and chiefly heresies and schismatical faults. Latin. 

69. Hugh Bradie, [Bishop elect of Meath] to Cecill. Arrived at 
Dublin Dec. 3, after a troublesome passage. Courtesy of the Lord 
Lieutenant. The 19th of Dec. is appointed for his consecration. 
The charges are very great and will beggar him. 

70. Earl of Ormond and Ossory to the Lord Lieutenant Sussex. 
Has heard that the Earl of Desmond has obtained leave to return 
by the intercession of Sir T. Cusake. Complains of the hurts done 
him. Desmond has not restored the cattle awarded him. Ormond 
has written to the Queen, praying that such order may be taken 
with Desmond, that he may receive his award before Desmond's 
return. Prays Sussex to forward the same by the first post. 

71. Walter Pepparde to Cecill. The Lord Lieutenant will not 
give any answer to the Privy Council's letters in his behalf. Desires 
him to procure the Queen's warrant to the Commissioners now coming 
over to examine Pepparde's case. 

72. The Queen to the Lord Lieutenant and Lord Chancellor, for 
making a patent to George Parysh of the manor of Agher. 

73. Earl of Ormond and Ossory to the Lord Lieutenant. John 
of Desmond and his men never cease burning, preying, and killing 
Ormond's tenants. James Fytz-Maurice of Desmond and James 
Fitz Gerald Fitz John, also Tibbot Fitzwilliam Burke, with M'Brene 
O'Gonagh's son, and Mahon Oge M'Sheehy, Captain of John of 
Desmond's galloglas, commit great spoils, Ormond's brother John 
and William Burke wounded and not likely to live. 

[Dec. 20.] 74. Orders to be taken with the Earl of Desmond, for such things 
as he hath voluntarily accorded, and are by him to be observed in 
Munster. Malefactors. Levy of subsidies. Defence. Risings out. 
Wards, Marriages. Abolition of Brehon laws. Suppression of 
rhymers, bards, and dice players. 4c?. per cow annually to the 

[Dec. 20.] 75. Orders to be taken for the Earl of Desmond, in the con- 
tentions between him and the Earl of Ormond. 

P 2 

Dec. 11. 


Dec. 15. 

Dec. 17. 





Dec. 20. 76. Articles whereimto the Earl of Desmond hath voluntarily 
agreed, of the same tenor as the preceding. 

Dec. 20. 77. Earl of Desmond to the Lords [of the Privy Council,] relative 
to certain orders taken for the reformation of Munster. He suggests 
that the Irish chiefs will not yield to the civility proposed, and 
desires to be furnished with ordnance and skilful gunners, to batter 
the strong forts and castles of the said chiefs. Desires license to 
take malefactors within the liberties of the chartered cities. 

Dec. 22. 78. Long medical relation of the protracted illness of the Lord 
Ardbraccan. Lieutenant Sussex, certified by John Chaloner, John Volpe, and 
Eugene Ultach. Latin. 

Dec. 31. 79. The Queen to the Lord Chancellor, Justice of the Bench, 
Windsor. Justice of the Common Pleas and others in Ireland, for Thomas 

Bathe, son of William Bathe, late of Dullardestowne, to be allowed 

to sue for his father's lands, &c. 

80. Note of powder delivered out of the Ordnance Office from 
1559, June 22, to 1563, April 25, for Her Majesty's realm of Ireland. 

81. A device by Sir Nicholas Arnold, to abridge the charges in 
Ireland, in the wages of the Lieutenant, &c. 

82. Tabular copy of the above. 

[1563.] 83. A paper [apparently by Capt. W. Pers of Knockfergus, 
intended to be presented to Cecill or Sussex,] relating the policy of 
Scotland, to promote James M'Donnell to be Lord of all the Isles of 
Scotland, with the reasons of its failure. J. M'Donnell has one son 
of the old O'Neill, who, as he affirms, is the right heir of Tyrone. 
Queen Elizabeth to write to "Donnell O'Donnell, Lord of the Isles," 
to continue his war against James M'Donnell. To write to the 
Queen of Scots to repress the encroachments of her subjects in 
Ireland. To put Shane O'Neill and the Scots both in one war. 
O'Donnell to be set in his country. Proposal to plant 4,000 English 
in the north of Ireland. Royal Commissions for the levy of 1,000 
horse and 2,000 foot. To have armour from the Ordnance, and 
ships. 12 persons to be incorporated as a body politic, with immu- 
nities to make estates in fee simple and fee tail. To wall the town 
of Knockfergus. To prefer a worthy man to the bishoprick of Down. 
To have commission of martial law. 


Jan. 3. 


Jan. 3. 


1. Lord Lieutenant Sussex to Matthew King, clerk of the Check. 
Prescribes a form for the entries of men, in the bills made to the 
captains. Regulations as to men allowed in household wages. 

2. Copy of the above. 



Jan. 4. 

VOL. X. 

3. Memoranda by Bermyngham. 

Words to be added to his 

Jan. 10. 4. Memoranda for the despatch of Sir T. Cusake. Letter to 
O'Neill to animate him to continue in honest conformity. Letters 
to be sent to, the Earl of Desmond, John of Desmond, Cormac 
O'Conor, the Lord Lieutenant Sussex and Commissioners. 

Jan. [15.] 5. Letters patent of Queen Elizabeth, accepting Shane O'Neill 

Windsor, and ratifying certain clauses of the articles of peace concluded between 

Sir Thomas Cusake and him. English draft or copy. [The Dublin 

Exemplification, March 14/i 1563/4, is inclosed in Sir T. Cusake's 

letter of 1564 / 5, Jan. 12.] 

[Jan. 15.] 


Jan. 15? 


6. Early Latin draft of the above. 

7. Later Latin draft of part of the above. [This is dated Jan. 16, 
but the Exemplification of March 14, 1563/4, and also the copy 
inclosed 1565, Dec. 23, are dated Jan. 15, 1563/4.] 

Jan. 15. 8. The Queen to the Earl of Desmond. To abide at Dublin till Sir 
Thomas Cusake shall understand by conference what is meet for 
good order, and for quietness between him and Ormond. No sword 
shall be drawn but the Queen's, which will touch the guilty. 

Jan. 16. 9. Sir T. Cusake's requests to the Queen, relative to his appointment 
to be Chancellor of Ireland; for a grant of certain lands belonging to 
the dissolved house of Thomas Court, and for remission of certain 
money unjustly charged upon him, in the time of Queen Mary. 

Jan. 18. 10. Privy Council to O'Neill. They are glad that he has 
manifested such disposition of reformation as to have obtained Her 
Majesty's mercy. Exhortations. The articles. [Draft in Sir W. 
Cecill's hand.] 

Feb. 1. 11. Resolutions taken by the Lord Lieutenant and Council, 
Kilmainham. relative to provision for the soldiers in Leix and OfFaley. 200 kerne 
to be cessed on Meath. Mr. Marshal Stanley's horsemen and footmen 
to be laid at Trim. Parley with the Mores. Course to be pursued. 

Feb. 2. 12. Sir T. Cusake to Cecill. Stirs risen in the English Pale by the 

Chester. Geraldines, Conors, and Mores. Desmond. The agreement with 

O'Neill was concluded in a happy time. Troubled state of the rest 

of Ireland. The alteration of St. Patrick's into an University to be 

suspended. Stay for want of wind. 

Feb. 5. 13. The Commissioners, Sir T. Wrothe and Sir N. Arnold, to same. 

Holyhead. Have received at Chester Cecill's letters of January 7, with six 
proclamations for the decrying of the coin, and the copy of James 
Ay liner's bill of information against Wm. Bathe. Desire instructions 
to examine the truth of the matter contained in the said bill. Phety- 
place. Perilous attempt to cross over to Dublin. 




Feb. 14. 


Feb 16. 


Feb. 17. 


Feb. 21. 


Feb. 28. 


Feb. 29. 


Feb. 29. 


Feb. 29. 


March 1. 

VOL. X. 

14. Sir Thomas Cusake to Cecill. O'Neill perseveres in his good 
conformity. An English wife for him. Cecill to join with the Lord 
Robert Duddeley to obtain a certain wardship for Cusake. Inclosing) 

14. i. " Terens Dan-yell Dean Armachce " to Sir T. Cusake. The 
conformable proceedings of O'Neill relative to the trial of certain 
malefactors for killing a man on the borders. Jan 24, 1564, 

15. Commissioners Wrothe and Arnold to the Privy Council. 
Arrival. Rebellion of the O'Conors and O'Mores. Proceedings, 
Have received the Queen's letters concerning Mr. Wyse. Ship sent 
back to Chester to attend the treasure. 

16. Same to Cecill. Receipt of letters. A book of debts and 
prests for Ireland. Muster book of Brian Fytzwylliams's band. 
Value of possessions. Valentine Browne's and Jenyson's letter to the 
Privy Council. Desire license to transport 300 or 400 qrs. of grain 
out of Gloucestershire. 

17. Sir W. Fytzwylliams to same. Phetyplace still generally 
esteemed a pirate. Daring of the O'Mores and O'Conors. They 
were like to have taken his sister prisoner, but she rode off. " Her 
husband shall do well to com to her untyll the contry be clerer, and 
kepe hys charge hym selfe." 

18. Memorandum as to O'Neill's last oath to observe the terms of 
the peace agreed on. Latin. [Many Irish signatures, and amongst 
them " Syr John Bedlew, knyghte," and " Per me Eugenium o 
hagan secretarium domini Ineill," and William Olyver, my Lord 
Robert Duddeley' s servant.] 

19. Sir W. Fytzwylliams to the Privy Council. The hiring of 
ships to convoy the treasure. Phetyplace acts suspiciously. 

20. O'Neill to same. His integrity. Omissions in the peace 
concluded with Cusake. The peace to be despatched. To be created 
an Earl. A more ample fortune. Latin. 

21. Same to Cecill. Has received his letters by Sir Thomas 
Cusake. Thanks for his friendship and good will. Will obey his 
wholesome counsel. Desires the despatch of his business, and 
likewise CecilTs friendship. Latin. 

22. A true declaration by Thomas Phetyplace addressed to Sir 
W. Cecill. Relates his travels by sea. His doings there in service, 
towards strangers as well the Queen's friends as enemies also, 
from 1563, May 1, to 1563/4 March I. Details of his submission. 

22. i. Thomas Phetyplace to Sir William Fytzwylliams, offering 
his service with a bark and 30 men. Desiring to know his pleasure 
by the bearer, and promising to attend upon him wherever 
he shall appoint. Feb. 27, Welche Lake in the River of Chester. 




March 1. 

March 2. 

March 3. 

March 4. 


Mar. 6. 


Mar. 1 0. 

VOL. X. 

22. II. Sir Wm. Fytzwylliams to Gapt. Pketyplace. Thanks for 
his courteous offer. Desires he will come to Liverpool, where he 
and his bark may remain till weather serve for Dublin. Provision 
of powder and other necessaries. Feb. 29, Liverpool. 

22- in. Inventory of the goods belonging to T. Phetyplace, which 
were in his ship called the Anne, at the time of her stay with his 
brother at Varmewe, in Biscay. 

22. iv. Inventory of the goods belonging to Phetyplace in his ship 
called the Grewnde, which was taken by the French pinnace at 
St. Anderres, retaken about 6 hours after, but now detained by 
the Spaniards. 

23. Order of the peace concluded between O'Neill and Sir Thomas 
Cusake, devised for the ordering of the borders. Restitution of 
hurts. Cases between English and Irish. Penalty of death for 
spoil and rapine on the highway. Judgment for stealth. Receiving 
of stolen goods. The Lord of Louth and Sir John Bedlew to be 
Commissioners on the English side and O'Neill on the Irish side, for 
carrying the above into execution. Latin. 

24. Sir W. Fytzwylliams to Cecill. Has written to the Privy 
Council particularly, as to the submission of Phetyplace. Relations 
respecting him. and his bark. If there be nothing against him 
Fytzwylliams begs he may be speedily released. Contrary winds. 

25. Adam Loftus, Archbishop of Armagh, and Hugh Bradie, 
Bishop of Meath, to same. Recommend that Mr. Beard, Vicar of 
Greenwich, may be preferred to the bishoprick of Kildare. 

26. Sir W. Fytzwylliams to same. A passenger just come from 
Waterford who had been chased by a Frenchman. Phetyplace much 
recommended. His courage and experience. His need. Mr. Ball, 
a servant of the Lord Admiral, desires an inventory. Liverpool is 
full of Papists. Incloses Alford's letter, and shows his evil doings. 
Has lent Phetyplace 101. Incloses, 

26. i. An inventory taken of Mr. Phetyplace's bark, stayed by 
Sir W. Fytzwylliams. March 2, Haven of Liverpool. 

26. ii. The names of two priests, viz., Sir William More and Sir 
Robert More, which lurk in the corner of the shire, and do much 
hurt and prate openly. Names of those committed to the Mayor 
of Liverpool with Phetyplace. 

27. Sir W. Fytzwylliams to Cecill. Embarks for Ireland at 
midnight. French on the coast. Phetyplace and his eight com- 
panions. James Wyllyams appointed to be delivered to the Earl of 

28. Terence Danyell, Dean of Armagh, to same. Has received his 
letter by Sir T. Cusake. Has remained in Ulster by the appoint- 
ment of the Lord Lieutenant and Sir T. Cusake. O'Neill intends 
to perform the peace concluded with him. Reception of Cusake. 
O'Neill found fault that the Queen's letters patent did not agree with 




Mar. 11. 


Mar. 14. 


Mar. 15. 


Mar. 16. 


Mar. 16. 


Mar. 16. 

VOL. X. 

the peace subscribed by him and Cusake. He requires that the first 
peace may be confirmed, and his creation to be an Earl with augmen- 
tation of living accelerated. Terence Danyell will draw out of the 
Irish Chronicles the pedigrees of the Irish, and send them. James 
M'Donnell of the out Isles has arrived and killed a gentleman and 
his two sons, by Knockfergus. 

29. Sir W. Fytzwylliams to Cecill. The treasure arrived at Dublin 
March 8. Lord Lieutenant's sickness. The Commissioners Wrothe 
and Arnold. 

30. Hugh Bradie, Bishop of Meath, to same. The burden of his 
office. Ungodly lawyers. The Lord Chancellor preaches now and 
then ; the Primate diligently. Mr. Beard is a good helper. Com- 
missioners Wrothe and Arnold zealous. None comparable to the 
Earl of Sussex ; the singular gifts of nature with which he is richly 
adorned. His great sickness. Cecill to help him away speedily or 
he will not live over midsummer. 

31. Resolutions agreed on by the Lord Lieutenant and Council. 
Commissioners appointed to parley with the Mores. The conditions 
to be offered them. Provision and furniture to be put into the forts 
of Leix and Offaley. Like conditions for the O'Conors. 

32. Lord Lieutenant and Council to the Queen, in favour of the 
bearers Wm. Ocarmyke and Wm. Arnott, Scots. The proceedings 
for restitution of their ship and wines, taken from them in the 
haven of Carlingford, by Ferdorough Magennis, under the rule of 
O'Neill. O'Neill refuses to restore the ship, &c., till he have resti- 
tution for the hurts done by James M'Donnell. 

33. Petition of Wm. Carmyke and Wm. Arnald, Scottishmen, to 
Queen Elizabeth, for restitution of their bark and wines, taken by 
force about the night of Jan. 4, 1563/4, by Ferdoragh Magennis, 
brother-in-law to O'Neill, in the haven of Carlingford. 

34. Commissioners Wrothe and Arnold to the Privy Council. 
Their proceedings for the musters. The Lord Lieutenant's band. 
William Dyxe, whom Her Majesty sent with us as auditor, is a good 
hand and help to us, and Mr. Wyse, whom Her Majesty willed us to 
use appeareth to have great skill and good will to serve Her Majesty. 
Matters of revenue. Gassing of soldiers. Brian Fytzwylliams's 
band. O'Neill. The Mores and Conors neither subdued nor 
satisfied. Mr. Treasurer arri ved with 11,000. Commissioners think 
this service will (for want of pay) neither be honourable nor profitable 
to Her Majesty. Religion. The alteration of St. Patrick's. Instruc- 
tions requested. 

35. Sir Thos. Wrothe to Cecill. To write to him if any error be 
committed by want of skill. To have no more to do in Ireland than 
that commanded in this commission, or he must needs be brought to 
shame and Her Majesty's displeasure. Desires he may be permitted 
to return without open reproof. 



Mar. 17. 


Mar. 22. 

VOL. X. 

36. Richard Overtoil to Cecill. Complaint of the gross immorality 
and superstition lie witnessed in Cheshire. All the inferior officers 
in Ireland are corrupt. 30,000?. owing to the Exchequer. It would 
be good service to collect 10,000?. The Clerk of the Check very 
negligent. He desires his place. The Auditor's office. Poverty of 
the country. 

37. Walter Pepparde to same. Begs he may have a letter to the 
Commissioners, to hear and examine his grief, and end it according 
to right. 

Mar. 22. 


Mar. 24. 


Mar. 27. 


Mar. 27. 

April 2. 

38. Sir Thomas Cusake to same. O'Neill and all the captains of 
the north did exceedingly rejoice in the clemency extended to O'Neill, 
swearing to observe all the articles contained in the agreement signed 
by him and Cusake. O'Neill's demands as to the clauses omitted 
out of the indenture. The earldom. The Lady Frances. The 
Lord Lieutenant's good endeavours. John Smyth apprehended. 
Examinations. Cusake has persuaded with O'Neill to forget the 
matter of poisoning. There is no law to punish Smyth otherwise 
than by imprisonment, which O'Neill \vill little regard, except the 
party may be executed by death, and that the law doth not suffer ; 
" so as the matter being wiselie pacified it were well done so to leave 
it." The office of Chancellor. Affairs of Munster. Fee farm of 
parcels of land for Cusake. 

39. Sir Thomas Cusake to Cecill. Mr. Pepparde has sustained 
much wrong, both for his farm of Slewmargy and his inheritances in 
Leix. Cusake desires letters to be sent to the Commissioners to 
examine his causes. 

40. [The Lord Lieutenant's] circular letter to the principal 
officers of ports, along the south and west coasts of Ireland, com- 
manding them to apprehend Thomas Cobham, gent., and to stay his 
ship and goods with all his company in safe keeping. 

41. [The Lord Lieutenant's] circular letter to all the principal 
officers of the ports, along the south and west coasts of Ireland. 
The Queen's pleasure has been declared for assisting and de- 
fending the King of Spain's subjects against the French. Divers 
persons under colour of French goods, have taken ships and goods 
belonging to the King of Spain's subjects. Strict commandment 
for the arrest of men of war adventurers, pirates, &c. 

42. Privy Council to Sir T. Cusake, in answer to his letters to the 
Queen, for the confirmation under the great seal to be annexed to the 
very same articles which Cusake a.nd O'Neill did accord. Cusake to 
reason and persuade with O'Neill to be contented. Council dare not 
move Her Majesty anew in this matter, because of the former 
resolution made in England with The earldom and the 
Lady Frances. 



April 3. 


April 3. 


April 7. 

April 7. 

April 9. 

April 1 5. 

April 16. 

April 1 6. 


VOL. X. 

43. Hugh Curwen, Archbishop of Dublin and Lord Chancellor of 
Ireland, to the Queen. Is not insufficient through great age as 
Her Majesty has been informed. Sickness gotten by travails in office. 
Beseeches Her to disburden him of his charges, and to bestow ou 
him a bishoprick in England, a pension, or his archbishoprick of 

44. Same to Cecill. His willingness to yield to Her Majesty's 
pleasure, and to sue to be exonerated both of his archbishoprick 
and of the office of Chancellor. He is but 57 years of age. His 

45. Sir Thomas Wrothe to same. His suit to have no more to 
do in Ireland than the present commission commands. He desires 
Cecill to admonish him by letter of any faults committed by writing 
or otherwise. 

46. Commissioners Wrothe and Arnold to the Privy Council. Their 
proceedings with the captains as to the musters and checks. Cap- 
tains see no need to enter into recognizance. Sir Henry Radeclyff, 
Marshal Stanley, and other captains are occupied against the O'Mores. 
Have prested 300?. Irish to the Lord Lieutenant, now going to the 
borders against the rebels. Money for victual. Jeffrey Vaghan has 
not answered so much as he received in England by 1,034?. 8s. 8d., 
and 251?. by Edw. Baeshe. Grain from Bristol. Inclose, 

46. I. Note of money delivered to J. Vaghan, for Ireland, with 
a note of what he delivered over to Henry Colley, &c. Attested by 
Auditor William Dyxe. 

47. Memorandum of matters to be considered in relation to the 
tenor of the Queen's letters of 3rd March 1563/4. The Queen 
liketh not toleration in rebellion. To subdue the rebels and oppress 
them by force. To proceed according to the Queen's determination, 
so near as may be, without peril to the State, or to put in writing 
the causes that move the contrary. 

48. Robert Flemyng to Cecill. Desires him to be a mean to 
Sir Thomas Gresham, that Flemyng may have his discharge for 
certain moneys. The Scots encroach daily. The second night after 
the peace was made, they murdered a gentleman and his two sons. 
If the Queen would encourage O'Neill and give him some aid, he 
would not leave one Scot in Ireland in less than a year. Flemyng's 
suit for a fee farm. 

49. The Queen to the Lord Lieutenant and Lord Chancellor, for 
Robert Dale [Daly], one of the prebendaries of St. Patrick's, well 
able to preach in the Irish tongue, and commended for his good 
name and life, to be preferred and elected to the vacant bishoprick 
of Kildare, and to have his prebend and a vicarage in commendam. 

50. Sir Thomas Wrothe to Cecill. The Earl of Sussex cannot 
recover his health in Ireland. His commendation. Application to 
Sussex of the intercession used to Henry VIII. for old Latimer when 
in the Tower. " Consider, Sire, what a singuler man he is, and cast 




April 17. 


VOL. X. 

not that awaie in one owre, which nature and arte hath bene so 
manye yeres in breeding and perfectinge." State of Ireland. Pride 
of the wild Irish. Peril like to follow the departure of the Earl of 
Sussex. Wrothe has fallen into a fever. 

51. Sir Thomas Cusake to Cecill. O'Neill and those under his 
rule keep good peace. O'Neill to have a general confirmation of the 
whole agreement passed between him and Cusake by letters patent. 
Earldom. Augmentation. O'Donnell for his enlargement gave to 
O'Neill his castle of the Lifford with land adjoining. His wife will 
be detained till the Scots redeem her. O'Donnell at Dublin. He 
should not be created an Earl before O'Neill. Earl of Kildare 
employed against the Geraldines. Cusake proceeds to Munster for 
the 400 from the Earl of Desmond. Sussex suspects Cusake of 
unfriendliness. Suits, sent over by William Olyver, my Lord Robert 
Duddeley's servant. Walter Pepparde. 

April 22. 52. The Queen to the Lord Lieutenant Sussex, with license for 
him to return from Ireland for the recovery of his health. Sir 
Nicholas Arnold to be Lord Justice. No unnecessary charge to be 
maintained during the absence of Sussex from Ireland. 

April 22. 53. The same to the Lord Lieutenant and Council. Sir N. Arnold 
to be Lord Justice during the Lord Lieutenant's absence. Arnold 
has good assistance from his colleague Sir T. Wrothe. Peace with 
the French. Excessive charges to be diminished. 

April 23. 

54. John Chaloner to Cecill. Receipt of Cecill's letters of 
Aug. 9, in January last. His proceedings with the Lord Lieutenant 
thereon. Sussex has written to Cecill concerning Chaloner's peti- 
tions. Chaloner has bargained with Walter Pepparde for his interest 
in the mines. Long suit respecting the bonds. Chaloner has lost 
300Z. by spoil of the French. 

[April 23.] 55. Remembrance of John Chaloner's suits. 

April 26. 56. Sir T. Wrothe to Cecill. Cecill's letters of March 26. 
Dublin. "Wrothe's unfitness for the service. He will follow Cecill's advice. 
Has recovered his fever. Desires instructions concerning the 

57. Walter Pepparde to same. Has written lately by Wm. 
Olyver, my Lord Robert's servant, the full state of his suits. 
Desires the Queen's letters to the Commissioners to examine his 
case touching his farm of Slewmargy, his inheritances in Leix, &c. 

[May 1.] 58. Divers accounts of provisions delivered by Vaghau to Colley, 
charges of freight ; account of Roger Jones, late Mayor of Bristol, 
&c. Indorsed, Reckoning for Ireland for Jeffrey Vaghan, Colley 
and Cuffe, for answer of Mr. Dyxe's note, inclosed in the Commis- 
sioners' letter of 1564, April 7. 

May 4. 59. Bill of the Earl of Sussex's charges in Ireland, from 1562 
July 28, to 1564, May 4. 

p 6- 

April 28. 





May 8. 


May 10. 

May 10. 


May 10. 


May 12. 


May 22. 

Castle of 

May 23. 

Castle of 

May 23. 

Castle of 

May 23. 

Castle of 

VOL. X. 

60. Richard Overton to Cecill. Saving to Her Majesty of oOOl. 
on the victuallers' accounts already past. 5001. more will be saved. 
Praise of Mr. Dyxe. The reckonings of cessors troublesome. Suit 
for the office of Clerk of the Check or for the customership of Dublin. 

61. Sir Thomas Wrothe to same. Thanks for his friendship. 
Complaints of the country do not touch the Lord Lieutenant. 

62. Wm. Dyxe to same. Has perused the accounts of the 
revenues for 4 years. 36,062?. due to the Queen in anno quarto, 
thought to be desperate. Victuallers' accounts. The Marshal's claim 
for the hides of beeves. Henry Colley, Robert Elyot, Sussex. 
Praise of the two Overtons. 

63. John Chaloner to same. Has heard that Walter Pepparde 
has had no workmen at Clonmines for eight months, which is 
contrary to his indenture. Pepparde's refusal to deliver him the 
ore and store. He desires that Pepparde's lease may be seized into 
the Queen's hands and granted to him. 

64. Malachias O'Reilly and his eldest son Hugh to Queen Eliza- 
beth. Desire to borrow of the Queen 1,1 691. Irish, to pay the Earl 
of Kildare. O'Reilly will repay the Queen in cows, to be apprized 
as shall seem just to Sir T. Cusake and others. Latin. [Signed 
Malacias sive Malmora Orecill' ac Hugo suus filius primo- 

65. O'Neill to the Lord Lieutenant Sussex. Thanks for his 
promise of friendship in the letters written to him, before his depar- 
ture from England. The favour shown to the sons of the late Baron 
of Dungannon. O'Neill desires that the subject of their claim may 
be cleared up, and promises as faithful service and obedience as any. 
To be remembered to the Countess ot Sussex. Latin. 

66. Same to the Queen. O'Neill had permitted his men in the 
taking of the ship and wine from the two Scots, " Wllielmus 
Okarmuik, et Wllielmus Arnot," because they could get no redress 
for the many hurts done by James " Mac Domhnayll," his brothers 
and other Scots. He cannot lay his complaint before the Queen of 
Scots, because they intercept his messengers. Advises that two 
commissioners may be appointed, one by the Queen and the other 
by the Queen of Scots, to settle the differences. Latin. 

67. Same to the Lords of the Privy Council. Thanks for their 
continued favour. Sir Thomas Cusake has dealt with him about a 
certain article of the original peace. O'Neill asks nothing more than 
that the first peace should be confirmed under the great seal. O'Neill's 
other petitions renewed. The cause of suspicion relative to the 
sons of the late Baron of Dungannon to be removed. Latin. 

68. Same to Cecill. Sir T. Cusake's dealings with him about the 
ship of two Scots ; and a certain article in the peace. Desires Cecill's 
mediation. Prays that his young man may be despatched with the 
Council's answer. Latin. 



May 25. 


May 26. 


May 26. 


VOL. X. 

69. Terence Danyell, Dean of Armagh, to Cecill. The quietness 
of the north under O'Neill's rule. All kinds of husbandry and 
sowing of wheat set forth. O'Neill being in O'Donnell's country 
abstained from doing any harm. 

70. The Queen to the Lord Justice Sir N. Arnold, and Sir 
T. Wrothe, the Queen's Commissioner special at this present in 
Ireland, to examine Walter Pepparde's causes touching the farm of 
Slewmargy, and his inheritances of Ballyroan and Kilmahide in 
Leix, and also concerning certain money disbursed for the mineral 
affairs by warrant of the Lord Lieutenant and Council. [Draft.] 

71. Certified copy of the above. 


June 8. I. Sir Thomas Cusake to the Privy Council. Received their 

Dublin. Lordships' letters whilst at Waterford, taking order for the causes 
between the Earls of Ormond and Desmond. Repaired to O'Neill's 
country, and not finding him there, followed him to O'Donnell's 
country, where he was pretending to recover certain kine due for 
the ransom of O'Donnell. Confirmation. Creation. O'Neill 
offers for the entertainment of 40 men to expiilse all the Scots 
out of Ireland, and restore to Her Majesty the fishing of the Bann 
and Lough Foyle. O'Neill doth much mistrust of some secret 
favour to be used towards the late Baron of Dungannon's sons, lest 
they should at length obtain the governance of the country. O'Neill's 
servant to be despatched. Incloses, 

1. I. Bill showing the articles contained in the peace concluded 
by Cusake and O'Neill, and the article comprised in the agreement 
which was omitted in the conjirmation. 

1 . II. Device of a general conjirmation of the articles of Nov. 18, 
1563, to be made to O'Neill. 

June 9. 2. Sir Thomas Cusake to Cecill. Received his letters of April 24 
Dublin. while at Waterford. O'Neill's articles. He desires Cecill to further 
his suits exhibited to the Queen. 

3. Same to the Lord Robert Duddeley. General quiet. O'Neill's 
controversy with O'Donnell pacified. The two poor Scots con- 
tented. O'Donnell's contempt. O'Neill finding himself deluded 
assaulted a castle, took Con O'Donnell, and slew a number of Scots 
and galloglas who served with the said Con. O'Donnell hated by 
his own for the impolicy of his agreements at his marriage with 
the Countess of Argyle. O'Neill's offer to banish all the Scots 
for the entertainment of 40 men. Cusake's suit for a fee farm 
sent by William Olyver. Cusake's son Mr. Wyse. Chancellorship. 

June 9. 




June 11. 


June 1 1 . 
June 12. 


June 12. 

June 12. 

June 1 2. 

June 1 3. 


June 13. 

June 18. 


June 21. 


June 22. 



4. Sir Edmund Butler to the Lord Justice Sir N. Arnold. He 
has met with the outlaws of Leix, viz., Lisagh, and Cahir, and their 
company at " Clonyn in Idogh by Gory denne," who had burned a 
town. Sends the heads of Turlough M'Shane and Teig O'Dowlyn, 
whom he killed with a dozen of their kerne. 

5. Copy of the above. 

6. Lord Justice Arnold and Council to Sir Edmund Butler. 
They are glad that he has had such success against the Mores of 
Leix. Send 40?. in respect of his 2 horses killed and men hurt. 
Will advertise Her Majesty of the service. 

7. Copy of the above. 

8. Thomas Copynger to Cecill. Offers to do any service the 
Queen may entrust to him in those parts. Commends the bearer 
Mr. Foster. 

9. The Calough O'DonnelTs request to the Lord Justice and 
Council, for assistance or, if not, for a letter to pass over to England. 
His son has been betrayed to O'Neill. Begs the Lord Justice to 
interfere that he may not be murdered. [Exhibited by his own 

10. Answer to be made to the Calough O'Donnell from the same. 
They can neither assist him against his kinsmen, nor grant him 
license to repair into England, till the Queen's pleasure be known. 
Letter written to O'Neill for the Calough O'Donnell's son. T. Danyell 
the Dean, and Sir Patrick Dorelle, the Chanter of Armagh, and Simon 
Barnewall to treat upon the controversies. [Probably an inclosure 
in Wrothe's missing letter June 13, see June 18.] 

11. Sir Thomas Cusake's advice to the Lord Justice Arnold. 
Relates the proceedings between O'Donnell and O'Neill. Proposes 
that O'Donnell cannot have license to go into England. To give 
him a letter to O'Neill to use Con O'Donnell well, and to stand to 
order with O'Donnell. 

12. Sir T. Wrothe to Cecill. O'Donnell urges his going into 
England. The Lord Justice sends to the Queen, a letter from O'Neill 
to him. O'Neill goes on with his enterprize. Poverty of the English 
Pale. Mr. Draycott, the Remembrancer of the Exchequer, is an 
honest man. Forfeiture of leases of parsonages, whereby rent corn 
may be reserved. A commission to make new leases is desired. 
Sussex's integrity. Lord Justice's sickness. Queen's debt 30,000?. 
Bermyngham says he will check 8,000?. 

13. Hugh Curwen, Archbishop of Dublin, Lord Chancellor, to the 
Earl of Pembroke. That St. Patrick's church may not be altered to 
a university. Prays his Lordship to be a suitor to the Queen for 
license to elect a Dean of St. Patrick's. 

14. O'Donnell [2t)m O <Doii)Ti4U] to Cecill. To further his suit 
to be permitted to repair to the Queen's presence. 



June 24. 


15. The Queen to Sir Thomas Cusake. To tell O'Neill that Her 
Majesty thinks the confirmation already passed sufficient to content 
him. That his controversy with the late Baron of Dungannon's sons 
shall be decided next Parliament. 


June 29. 16. Memorandum of matters which the captains of Ireland feel 
burdensome. As, that all men of Irish birth in their bands shall 
be fully paid, yet the wages of so many of them as be above five 
in a band, shall be stayed upon the captains' head, although the 
captains were never forbidden to entertain them. 

17. Caesar Adelmarius, the physician, to Sir W. Cecill. Has read over 
the relation by the Irish physicians as to the sickness of the Earl of 
Sussex. Very ample description of his disease. Diet and repose 
of mind and body necessary to his recovery. Latin, [See 1563/4, 
March 11 and April 22.] 

[July 1 ?] 18. Sir Thomas Wrothe to [Cecill]. " The whole pack " would 
willingly be rid of him. Upright justice is not sought. All is 
counted well gotten from the Queen. Desires that he will help 
him home.' Offences grow in Ireland daily. 

July 1. 19. Lord Justice Sir Nicholas Arnold and Council, to the Earl of 
Dublin. Desmond. Charge him not to maintain or countenance Sir Donnell 
O'Brien and other proclaimed rebels, now warring against the Earl 
of Thomond. To forbear war against him. If he have controversy, 
to bring it before the Commissioners of the west parts, or else before 
Arnold and the Council. 

July 2. 

July 3. 

July 8. 

20. Lord Justice and Council to the Earl of Thomond. Have 
received his letters of June 24. Have written to the Earl of 
Desmond according to his request. They cannot send him aid and 
ordnance, to help the Earl of Clanrycard to assault the Castle of 
Inchiquin, till he shall write further of the particulars here de- 

21. Lord Justice Arnold to the Earl of Pembroke. Desires to be 
informed of Her Majesty's intention as to his continuance in Ireland, 
that he may dispose of his property in England to the best ad- 
vantage. Doubtful state of the country. Tooles, Byrnes, O'Reilly, 
Sir Donnell O'Brien, outlaws of Leix, Cormac O'Conor, and his 
brother Cahir, with other loose people. Necessity for the appoint- 
ment of a governor to prevent mischief. 

22. John Chaloner to Cecill. 
for the furtherance of his suits. 

To speak with the Earl of Sussex 

July 10 ? 23. Bermyngham's book of the defects in the Lord Lieutenant's 
band, mustered 1564, May 4, exhibited to the Commissioners Wrothe 
and Arnold. 



July 10. 



24 William Bermyngham to the Privy Council. Advertises how 
the Commissioners have in effect proceeded in their commission. 
Muster of the Lord Lieutenant's men May 4. Bermyngham's book 
of exceptions taken against the Lord Lieutenant's book of muster. 
Brian Fytzwylliams's muster and Bermyngham's checks. Bands 
mustered June 16. Fortescue's band. 

[July 10.] 25. Memorandum by Bermyngham of books of cessors, &c. re- 
maining in his possession, without which the pay cannot be made 
directly to the soldiers and country. 

July 12. 26. The peace concluded between O'Neill and " Conacios 
Castle na "Finne. O'Donaill," ceeding to O'Neill the Castle na Finne, with part "of 
the lands of Kinelmoghan. Latin. [Signed and sealed by Con 

July 12. 

July 13. 


July 15. 

July 15. 

July 15. 

July 15. 

27. The Queen to the Commissioners in Ireland. To allow the 
captains, for the Irish entertained in their bands. Not to enter 
into their accounts before 1560, when Sussex says there was a 
full p&y. To proceed first with the examination of Sir Henry 
Radeclyff 's causes, that he may repair to England for the recovery 
of his arm. O'Reilly to deliver kine to the Queen's use to the 
amount of his debt to Sussex, which the Queen will satisfy. 

28. Sir T. Wrothe to Cecill. Overton clerk to Mr. Dyxe. Lord 
Justice Arnold not so friendly to Wrothe as he used to be. He 
would have Wrothe deal with the captains alone. 

29. The Queen to the Lord Justice and Council. Letters brought 
from O'Donnell, by his servant, requesting permission to come to 
England. Answer to be made to him. Commissioners to determine 
his causes with O'Neill. Admonition as to the partiality with 

which the Commissioners' had 
Cusake to deal with O'Neill. 

been chosen in this matter. Sir T. 

30. The same to the Commissioners Wrothe and Arnold. To 
prefer Robert Loftus for a lease of tithes of the rectory of Dunboyne. 

30. I. A particular of the tithes of the Rectory of Dunboyne, of 
the rent of 161. Irish, parcel of the possessions of the late Prioi^y 
of Mullingar. Latin. 

31. Copy of the above. 

32. Mathew Kyng, Clerk of the Check, to Cecill. To write in 
his favour to the Lord Justice, that he may have some payment for 
his service to relieve his need. But eight bands mustered since the 
Commissioners' last coming. 



July 16. 


July 21. 

July 23. 


July 26. 


July 26. 


July 27. 


July 28. 



33. Win. Dyxe to Cecill. Has made a particular estimate of the 
Queen's debt, and delivered it to Sir Thomas Wrothe. Little to be 
saved to the Queen. Gassing of bands. The accounts of Henry 
Colley and Thomas Might for the victualling finished. Also the 
account of Peter Ford, for the fortifications and reparations. Master 
of the Ordnance. Jeffrey Vaghan. Jennyson to be restored to his 

34. Lord Justice and Council's circular letters and instructions, 
for keeping watch throughout the country, directed to the Sheriff 
and Justices of Peace of the county of Dublin, and other counties 

35. Sir T. Wrothe to the Lord Robert Duddeley. Not Wrothe's 
fault that there is not yet a good end of the Commission. The 
10,000. that is coming will not make the pay. There is nothing to 
save Her Majesty from loss but a full pay. 7,000. or 8,OOOZ. more 
wanted. O'Donnell's complaint. O'Neill hath newly taken a 
buying of the Scots. He has great friendship in the English Pale. 
Earl of Ormond's purpose to abolish coin and livery. The Calough 
O'Conor has broken prison. Rebels in Leix and Offaley. Castle 
Finn taken by O'Neill. Terence Danyell, Dean of Armagh, to be 
made Archbishop. 

36. Gerot Earl of Desmond to the Marquis of Winchester, High 
Treasurer of England. His proceedings at Cork with the Queen's 
Commissioners. Acknowledgment of the Queen. The country 
content to perform the articles agreed to by him, in England. 

37. Same to Cecill. His proceedings with the Queen's Commis- 
sioners at Cork, most satisfactory. 

38. Same to same. John Parker is just dead. Andrew Skiddy 
recommended to be Master of the Rolls, in his stead. 

39. Sir T. Wrothe to Cecill. Receipt of the Queen's letters 
relative to the pay, to the captains, for the Irish-born. Leix and 
Offaley. Governor to be established. Commendations of Nicholas 
White. Her Majesty likely to be a great loser by the late Master 
of the Rolls. The attorney Barnewall, Mr. Chaloner, Mr. Wyse, 
and Mr. Draycott recommended for the place. Incloses, 

39. i. N. White to Sir T. Wrothe. The Lwd Justice and Wrothe 
'might end the differences between Ormond and Desmond. The 
Judges to go on circuit. Divorce between the Earl of Ormond 
and his Countess. Letters manifesting great folly in her Lady- 
ship. 4:01. of the Bishop of Cashel's rents. July 20, White's 
Hall. Incloses, 

39. ii. Earl of Ormond's proclamation for taking away the 
mischievous custom of coin and livery in the county of Tipperary, 
with the orders necessary for the presentation of the country. July 1. 



i MA, YoL - XL 


July 30. 40. Sir T. Wrothe to Cecill. The bearer, Mr. Wyse, will relate 

Dublin. what has been done. His praise. 

July 30. 41. Same to same. Commendations of the bearer the Bishop of 

Dublin. Meath. John Ussher, " a zealous man in Christ's religion," to have 
the custom of Dublin in farm next Michaelmas. 

July 30. 


July 31. 


July 31, 


July 31. 


July 31. 


August 4. 


August 4. 


August 4. 


August 4. 


August 4. 


42. John Chaloner to same. To have the office of Master of the 
Rolls, although the fee be less (50L Irish) than his present office. 

43. Adam Loftus, Archbishop of Armagh, to same. In favour of 
the suit of John Ussher, of Dublin, for the farm of the customs of 

44. James Barnewall, Attorney General, to same. For his nephew 
Christopher Barnewall to be Master of the Rolls, or if not, to have 
that office himself 

45. Christopher Barnewall to same. For the office of Master of 
the Rolls for himself or for his uncle James. 

46. Matthew Kyng to same. Supplicates Cecill's aid, in conse- 
quence of Bermyngham's intention to charge him to his utter 

47. [Lord Justice and Council] to Sir Henry Radeclyff. His 
40 horse, 150 foot, with Captain Portas' band of 50 foot, appointed 
to be placed in Leix for defence of the fort, &c. 

48. Same to Marshal Stanley. For the appointment of his horsemen 
and footmen, with the Master of the Ordnance's band of horsemen, 
to repair to the borders of Meath for the pursuit of the rebels of the 
O'Conors and O'Mores. 

49. [Same] to Captain Agarde. To attend with his band upon 
the Lord Justice, repairing towards Offaley. 

50. A similar letter to Captain Brian Fytzwylliams. 

51. [Lord Justice and Council] to Captain Henry Colley. Ap- 
pointment of his band, with Captain Delves' and Captain Girton's 
bands, for defence of the fort of Dyngan and the country of Offaley. 

52. Same to Francis Cosbie. Appointment of all the kerne of 
the Queen's retinue, viz., Sir H. Radeclyff's 40, Jaques Wingf eld's 
40, Francis Cosbie's 100, Ownhe M 'Hugh's 40, and Richard Kettyng's 
40, to pursue the rebels of the Conors and Mores. 

August 4. 


53. Same to Henry Colley. 
his best pledges. 

To send for O'Molmoy, and take 

August 4. 54. Like letters to Kildare for M'Coghlan and M'Geoghegan. 
To Mr. Treasurer from O'Melaghlin and M'Gall. To Francis Cosbie 
for the Lord of Upper Ossory and O'Carroll, and especially to take 
Florence [Fitzpatrick]'s son for one of the pledges. 

August 4. 


55. [Same.] Commission to the Earl of Kildare to assemble his 
power for defence, and also to pursue the O'Conors and O'Mores. 







56. [Lord Justice and Council] to the Sheriffs, gentlemen, free- 
holders, and inhabitants, of the county of Meath, touching assistance, 
council, and cess, for Marshal Stanley and the bands appointed to lie 
in Meath. 

August 5. 57. The like for Mr. Treasurer in Westmeath. 

August 5. 


58. [Lord Justice and Council] to the Sheriff of the King's county 
of Offaley, to warn the country to be ready with all such horse and 
foot, as they are bound by their tenures to keep. And to certify 
speedily their number and furniture. 

August 5. 59. Similar letters to Francis Cosbie for the country of Leix. 

August 5. 

August 5. 

August 6. 


60. Lord Justice and Council to O'Carroll. Report that some of 
his people have joined the rebels, of the Mores and Conors. 
Strict injunction to apprehend any that shall return, in order for 
their punishment. No private quarrels to be followed during the 
time of this service. Latin. 

61. Similar letters to the Lord of Upper Ossory, O'Dwyn, 
[O'Dunne] O'Madden, O'Melaghlin, O'Molmoy, M'Coghlan, 
M'Geoghegan, Senaghe alias Fox, O'Dwyer, O'Meagher, and 
O'Regaley [O'Reilly]. 

62. Same to the Lord Mountgarret, the Seneschal, Sheriff, gen- 
tlemen, and freeholders of the county of Wexford. Precept to cess 
and levy one month's entertainment, for 100 of the Earl of Kildare's 
kerne, appointed to prosecute the rebels. 

63. Another warrant to Nicholas Heron, captain of M'Vadog's 
country, M'Edmund Duff's country, and M'Damore's country, to 
cess fourteen days' entertainment for the said 100 kerne. 

64. Sir Thomas Cusake to Cecill. Receipt of letters from the 
Queen, Lord Robert Duddeley, and Cecill. O'Neill's requests. 
O'DonnelFs hurts. Matters in Munster brought to pass according 
to the Queen's pleasure. Cusake has not made 4:01. by his commis- 
sion for Frenchmen's goods. 

65. 66. Lord Justice and Council to the Earl of Ormond and Ossory, 
Lord Treasurer of Ireland. Relating what has been done for the 
suppression of the O'Mores and O'Conors. Commandment to pro- 
secute them, and especially to lay in wait for them, in case they draw 
towards Piers Grace. [Two copies.] 

August 7. 67. Same to Sir Edm. Butler. Commission to prosecute rebels. 

August 6. 


August 7. 


August 8. 


68. Sir Thomas "Wrothe to Cecill, in behalf of Mr. Jaques Wing- 
feld's suit for the constableship of Dublin Castle. Apprehension of 
Mathew Seyme. His examination. A large passport in his favour 
by the French King and the Queen mother. All such as should 
come, from the Great O'Neill, or the Earl of Desmond, with horses or 
hawks of Ireland, to be safely conveyed to the French King's court. 

Q 2 




August 8. 

August 8. 
Aug. 10. 

Aug. 12. 

Aug. 16. 


69. Lord Justice and Council. Commission to Henry Colley to 
pursue the rebels. 

70. Similar commission to Francis Cosbie. 

71. Book of arrearages of the Queen's revenues, for sundry years 
ending at Michaelmas 1563, to the amount of 29,392L 3s. 7f. made 
out by Mr. Crofte. 

72. Lord Justice and Council to the Earl of Orrnond. Have received 
his letter of Aug. 7. Have written to the Earl of Desmond, to call 
back his men from aiding Sir Donnell O'Brien against the Earl of 
Thomond. Earl of Ormond not to leave off the pursuit of the 
Mores and Conors, but may help the Earl of Thomond also. 

73. Sir T. Wrothe to the Lord Robert Duddeley. The unsettled 
state of Ireland. O'Mores and O'Conors are out killing in a cruel 
manner. Kavanaghs and Byrnes have preyed Tibbot M'Maurice. 
Earls of Thomond, Clanrycard, and Desmond. No conclusion with 
the O'Reillys of the Brenny. O'Neill. Win. Pers, Capt. of Carrick- 
fergus. Capt. Brian Fytzwylliams's band. Bermyngham's checks. 
The trials will spend the checks in charges before they make the 
pay. Wrothe desires to return home. 13,000 pecks of the cesses 
due to the Queen. Book of leases to be forfeited and corn reserved. 
Integrity of the Earl of Sussex. 

74. Proclamation by the Lord Justice and Council against the 
rebels of the O'Conors, containing many names, including Dermod 
O'Spellan and Shane lea Occonell. " Imprynted at Dublyn by 
Humfrey Powell, the 16 of August 1564." 

75. William Dyxe to Cecill. Views of accounts taken. Sir T. 
Wrothe only, hath painfully travailed in levying the Queen's debts, 
which otherwise would soon have been desperate. The Lord Justice 
has appointed Wrothe and Dyxe to wait on him into Leix and 
Offaley. Brian Fytzwylliams's band was mustered in May, and his 
checks are not yet determined. The captains are dispersed for 
defence of the English Pale. 14,900 pecks of corn, besides beeves, 
are due to the Queen. 

Aug. 18. 76. O'Neill to the Lord Justice and Council. The Lord Robert 
Castle Corcra. Duddeley has advised him, by letter, to do some notable service, 
whereby he might be the better accepted of the Queen. He can 
see no greater rebels and traitors than the Scots. He O'Neill has a 
mind to do them some mischief. Desires they will send the Earl of 
Kildare to his aid, or write to Capt. Pers to fight boldly against 
the Scots. And to permit O'Neill and his to enter Knockfergus. 

Aug. 16. 


Aug. 17. 


Aug. 19. 

77. The Queen to the Lord Justice, Lord Chancellor, and Sir T. 
Wrothe, to cause a commission to be issued to three or more gentle- 
men, to hear and determine sundry wrongs, done to Thomas Flemyng 
of Stevenston, by the Baron of Slane. 



'Aug. 20. 

Aug. 21. 


Aug. 22. 

Aug. 23. 

Sept. 2. 


Sept. 5. 


78. Indenture between Sir T. Cusake and Sir Maurice Fitzgerald, 
Sheriff of the county of Cork. Witnessing the said Fitzgerald to 
have received Owen M'Care McCarthy, Cormuck M'Teig M'Cormuck, 
" Diermod adowna M'Shane M'Craghe," Donnel M'Arte, David 
Oge's son called Richard, and Mahon O'Lein, as prisoners, to be re- 
delivered, at the pleasure of the said Sir Thomas Cusake, for such 
pledges as the Sheriff shall think good. 

79. Terence Danyell, Dean of Armagh, to the Lord Justice 
Arnold. He received his letter the 17th, and immediately repaired 
to O'Neill. O'Neill requires to have freedom of Knockfergus, but 
is content to abide a convenient order. Requires the Lord Justice's 
letter to Captain Pers, to be favourable to^him. O'Neill intends to 
serve upon the Scots. He has a host and victuals ready for five or 
six weeks. 

80. Lord Justice and Council to O'Neill. Have received O'Neill's 
letters of the 18th. Approve of his intention to attack the Scots. 
The Earl of Kildare is occupied with the pursuit of the rebels. They 
are sorry Carrickfergus cannot assist him with force or victual, 
because they are so few and so poor. They have written to Capt. 
Pers, who must remain in ward of his castle. Latin. 

81. Memoranda for examination of certain circumstances concern- 
ing the priest Sir Thady Newman, Dennis M'Vard, Malachi O'Quin, 
Richard the clerk of Wicklow church, Thomas Fitzgerald, Sir Peter 
Fitzgerald, that is at Paris, James Quemerford, and Patrick Cusake. 
[See 1563, Dec. 7.] 

82. Order taken between the Earls of Desmond and Thomond 
by Sir T. Cusake and his associates. '*' Maoenes oig o Shihie," 
eapt. of galloglas, with his 600 men to be called home, from aiding 
the traitors against the Earl of Thomond. The constables and 
others who ferried over the malefactors, to receive condign punish- 
ment. The two Earls to join in amity. To stand to the order 
of four indifferent men, or umpires, for composition of their wrongs. 
Copy, certified by Sir T. Cusake and John Myaghe. 

83. O'Neill to the Lord Justice and Council. Has received their 
letters of Aug. 30. Great usurpation of territory by the Scots in 
the Route, which is M'Quillin's country, in Claneboy [clan Aedha 
bidhe], the Dufferin [Dubh trian], and Lecale [Lethcathayle], and 
in the country of O'Cassidy [M'Cabhissidh]. O'Neill having no 
sufficient boats to cross the Bann, which is swollen, builds the 
castle of Culrath on this side of the Bann, and sends over a detach- 
ment in cots or coricles by two or three at a time, to occupy the 
monastery of Culrath on the further side of the river, which they 
defend 24 hours against the Scots. O'Neill's casualties. Sorley 
Boy M'Donnell wounded. O'Neill renews his requests for aid by 
the Earl of Kildare or others, and for letters to Knockfergus. 




Sept. 10. 


Sept. 10. 


Sept. 11. 


Sept. 14. 


Sept. 16. 

St. James's. 

Sept. 17. 


Oct. 4. 

Oct. 10. 


Oct. 10. 

Oct. 16. 


84. T. Daiiyell, Dean of Armagh, to the Lord Justice Arnold. 
O'Neill came to the Bann where he found a great flood and could 
not pass. He made a strong fort in the old castle of Culrath. He 
passed over in cots and set a few men to ward the Friery of Culrath. 
The Scots attacked it like madmen. 90 of them killed and wounded. 
They parley and show six or seven hundred men. 

85. Lord Justice Arnold and Sir Thomas Wrothe to Cecill. 
received the Queen's letters of July 15, for Robt. Loftus to have the 
rectory of Dunboyne. They have no power to make any lease of 
of anything to anybody, unless Her Majesty will send them a 

86. Earl of Desmond to Sir T. Cusake, to stay till the coming of 
his man John Daly out of England. Promises to deliver the pledges 
named at Clonmel, to send his brother John to the Queen. To 
revoke the galloglas from Thomond, and restore the cattle. 

87. Lord Justice and Council to O'Neill. Have gladly received 
his letters of Sept. 5 by Gerald Flemyng. The Earl of Kildare, 
with the whole disposable force of the realm, is occupied against 
the rebels. A general hosting, as he demands, would require too 
long time. They will write to the Queen, and send his letters. 
Have written again to Capt. Pers. Latin. 

88. Lord Kobert Duddeley and Sir W. Cecill to the Lord Justice 
Arnold. The Queen has hastened to return from her progress for 
the consideration of the Irish affairs, &c. In the meantime Arnold's 
servant is sent back. They are very sorry for the division between 
Arnold and Wrothe in the service. Sorry that the matters of the 
rebels in Leix and Offaley grow so chargeable. 

89. Lord Deputy and Council to William Pers, Captain of 
Knockfergus. They marvel at not receiving answer to their 
former letter. Renew directions for his guidance, in case O'Neill 
should require him to go with him, against the Scots. 

90. Queen Elizabeth to the Lord Justice Arnold and Sir T. 
Wrothe. Disappointed that nothing of moment has been done 
under their commission for the musters. Will not continue that 
charge. Sir T. Wrothe forthwith to return. Sir N. Arnold to 
remain still as Justice. William Dyxe. 

91. Eichard Overton to Cecill. Difficulty likely to ensue in Ire- 
land. Justice administered with partiality. Suit for one of the 
divers vacant offices. 

92. Book of all such traitors as have suffered or been apprehended 
by Sir George Stanley, Marshal of Ireland, since the charge of 
Meath was committed to him about Aug. 7, and ending at the six 
weeks. Delivered at the Council Board, Oct. 10. 

93. Charge of Edward Hughes and eight men in the transporta- 
tion of 10,0001. from London into Ireland, departing Aug. 14. 



1564. VoL ' XL 

Oct. 19. 94. Sir W. Fytzwylliams to Cecill. Enumerates the men under 
Glassen Hall, the Earl of Kildare now occupied against the rebels. The strength 
of the rebels. O'Neill in good estate. Tirconnell is at his com- 
mandment. Scots. O'Donnell. O'Reillys. Tooles. Byrnes. Conors. 

Oct. 21. 95. Sir Thomas Wrothe to same. Returned 20th from Offaley. 

Dublin. The Lord Justice was presented with Calough O'Conor's head. 
He was killed by Calough Roe. The Earl of Kildare's praise. Sir 
Barnaby Fitzpatrick's encounter with the Mores of Leix. The 
Earls of Ormond and Desmond are on evil terms. The Earl of 
Thomond complains of Desmond. O'Reillys and Byrnes. 

Oct. 29. 96. The Calough O'Donnell to the Queen. Relation of the 
occurrences between O'Neill and O'Donnell for the last seven 
years. O'DonnelTs cruel captivity and chains for 2 years. 500 
competent persons besides above 4,000 poor have perished through 
Shane's spoils. His eldest son Con O'Donneli tormented. The 
Castle of Finn delivered. Lord Justice and Council would not 
undertake to further his business according to the Queen's letters. 
O'Donnell repairs to England and appeals for help. 

97. Lord Justice and Council to the same. O'Donnell has de- 
parted for England without permission, while Arnold was in Leix. 
Declaration of the state of the controversies between O'Donnell 
and O'Neill. Reduction of the O'Conors and O'Mores. 90 of the 
O'Conors and 35 of the O'Mores slain and executed. 

98. Sir T. Wrothe to Cecill. Sir Barnaby Fitzpatrick's doings 
with the rebels. The Mores have desired peace by Francis Cosbie. 
The Lord Justice and Council have rejected their request. O'Reilly, 
Sir T. Cusake, and others have gone to O'Neill. The matters 
between Ormond and Desmond worse and worse. Lord Chancellor 
sick of palsy. The commission. Bermyngham's secret dealings. 

Nov. 2. 99. The Calough O'Donnell to the Queen. He appeared before 
the Earl of Leicester, the Lord Marquis, and Mr. Secretary Cecill, 
who told him, that the Lord Justice had written word that he had 
come without license. The Lord Justice could not help him because 
of O'Neill's great friendship among the Council. O'Donnell's great 
poverty. Begs assistance. There is no man that will trust him one 
meal's meat. 

Nov. 14. 100. Shane O'Neill's answer to Sir T. Cusake, upon the reading of 
Benborb. the Queen's letter to him. O'Neill meant not to impair Her 
princely honour. O'Neill desires the Parliament may be accelerated 
that the controversy as to the earldom may be determined. 

Nov. 14. 101. Sir T. Wrothe to Cecill. Has received his letter of Oct. 3. 
& 17. with Queen's letter for his recall of the 4th. He will make good 
Dublin. speed to come home. Mr. Heron is come from the Earl of Desmond. 

Desmond attempted to take the castle of Killfeacle ; he burned two 

houses. Stucley is upon the west coast. 

Oct. 31. 


Nov. 2. 




Nov. 18, 


102. Mathew Kyng to Cecill. 
lamented by the English army, 
touching his behaviour. 

The recall of Sir T. Wrothe will be 
Desires Cecill to enquire of Wrothe 

Nov. 20. 103. Con O'Donnell [Con O'Domnaill] to Sir T. Cusake, desiring 
Benborb. him to labour that the Queen may become surety for him, for the 
preservation of the peace just concluded between him and O'Neill. 

Nov. 21. 104. Gabriel Crofte to Cecill, for the money he had been allowed 

Dublin. for engrossing the records of the Auditor's office, which remained not 

engrossed, for two years ending at Michaelmas, 2 Eliz., when Crofte 

entered the office. Desires that Sir Walter Mildmay may hear the 

cause of contention between him and the Clerk of the Pipe. Incloses, 

104. i. A memorial of the cause of contention between the Auditor 
of Ireland) and one that only supplieth the name of Clerk of the 

Nov. 21. 105. Lord Justice and Council to the Earl of Ormond. Send him 
Dublin. commission for the pursuit of the proclaimed rebels of the Mores 
and Conors. Entertainment for 200 holding kerne, for 3 months 
from Nov. 20. Disposition of the force. 

Nov. 22. 106. W. Dyxe to Cecill. He is in despair because Sir T. Wrothe 
Dublin. is sent for and he stayed. Desires to be recalled. Sir T. Wrothe 
and he have taken the views of the accounts of all the victuallers, 
Master of the Ordnance, and the fortifications and reparations ; also 
the accounts of the revenues for five years at Michaelmas, 5 Eliz., 
1563. Sir T. Wrothe always attended the Council, and alone 
devised and penned all directions, orders, letters, and warrants of 
the Commission. Bermyngham's gross injustice. Mr. Fytzwylliams's 
check is 3,300^ Certain bands not yet discharged. 

Nov. 22. 107. Lord Justice Arnold's warrant for the entry of certain men 
into Mr. Colley's band. 

Nov. 22. 108. Earl of Ormond and Ossory to Cecill. Her Majesty's subjects 
Dublin. under his rule are daily invaded by the Earl of Desmond, his brother 
and his retinue. Desires the Queen's letters to the Lord Justice 
for speedy redress. When Ormond was on the very point to take 
away coin and livery, the invasions of the Earl of Desmond forced 
him to continue one disorder to withstand the other. 

Nov. 22. 109. Sir W. Fytzwylliams to same. Desires special order to 
Thomas Court, issue the treasure as, Sir T. Wrothe being recalled, he has no power 
to do it. Hurts by the O'Mores and O'Conors. Mr. Delve's losses. 
O'Reillys. O'Neill. Cusake. Earls of Thomond, Ormond, and 
Desmond. Fytzwylliams has had a fever. The allowance for Sir 
Nicholas Arnold. 

Dec. 3. 110. The Queen to the Lord Justice Arnold, to proceed to the 
ordering of the variances between O'Donnell and Shane O'Neill by 
way of Commissioners ; he is to have some allowance to keep him 
from penury, till it may appear what shall become of his causes. 
Her Majesty is not without compassion for him. 



Dee. 4. 




111. Earl of Ormond and Ossory to Cecill. Spoil of his tenants by 
the Earl of Desmond. Desire letters to the Lord Justice to stay 
the said Earl till the spoils be restored. 

1 1 2. Table of captains of horse and foot, showing the void rooms 
cassed, dead pays, Irishmen to be cassed, and Englishmen remaining, 
in their respective bands. 


Jan. 6. 

Jan. 6. 

Jan. 7. 


1. Notes offered by [Bermyngham] to be considered of by the 
Privy Council, declaring the Queen's superfluous charge in forts, farms 
let by lease, &c., and how Her Highness may be discharged thereof. 

2. The Queen to the Lord Justice and Lord Chancellor, for the 
preferment of James Maccavill [M'Caghwell] to the bishoprick 
of Down. Draft. [This draft was drawn for the preferment of 
Christopher Gastney (Gaffney ?} to the archbishoprick of Cashel.~] 

3. Same to same. For Adam Loftus, Archbishop of Armagh, to 
have the " deanry of our colledg named St. Patrick's " in com- 

4. Sir W. Fytzwylliams, Vice Treasurer and Treasurer at Wars, 
to Cecill. The O'Mores and O'Conors pursued by the Lord Treasurer 
and the Earl of Kildare. Shane O'Neill and Sorley Boy. The Earl 
of Desmond. The money Cusake stands bound for, not yet paid. 
Unexampled expression of temper by the Lord Justice to Marshal 
Stanley. Unwarrantable attack on the character, &c. of Fytz- 
wylliams by the Lord Justice and some others, respecting the issuing 

of money. Thomas H , schoolmaster of Fotheringhe, will 

wait on Cecill respecting vexatious suits brought by Mr. Crewse. 

4. i. Lord Justice and Council to Sir W. Fytziuylliams, for 
disbursing treasure till he shall receive sufficient warrant from the 
Queen, Sir T. Wrothe being recalled. ] 564, Dec. 10, Dublin. [Copy 
of a devise made by Fytzwylliams, but apparently not accepted.] 

5. Queen Elizabeth to the Lord Justice, incloses letters from 
Mary Queen of Scots in behalf of William Wauss, John Martyn, 
and William Gordoun, merchants of Wigtoun, to have restitution of 
their ship, &c. spoiled in the haven of Carlingford by O'Neill and 
Ferdorough Magennis j and commands Sir T. Cusake to deal in this 

Jan. 10. 6. Geoffrey Pynchebek to Cecill. For preferment to be Remem- 
Ardbraccan. brancer of the Exchequer should Mr. Draycott be made Master of 
the Rolls. 

Jan. 9. 



Jan. 10. 

of Meath, to Cecill, in 

7. Hugh Bradie, Bishop 
Pynchebek to have Mr. Draycott's place. 
Walter Hopp, merchant, to be favoured, 
very necessary, and much recommended. 

behalf of G. 
The suit of the bearer, 
The work of St. Patrick's 

Jan. 10. 


Jan. 12. 


Jan. 12. 

8. Captains Sir H. Radeclyff, Sir G. Stanley, and George Dellves to 
the Privy Council. The unjust proceedings of the Commissioners 
associated with Arnold. Delves committed to the castle. Inclose, 

8. i. Articles gathered out of such offers and demands, as the 
Lord Justice and Commissioners have dealt in, with the captains. 

8. II. The captains' answers and humble petitions on the above 
offers and demands. 

8. in. The condition of the recognizance offered to the Lord 
Justice and Commissioners by Sir Henry Radeclyff. 

8. iv. The condition of the recognizance offered by the Commis- 

9. Sir Thomas Cusake to the Queen. Has concluded all things 
with O'Neill according to her commandment. O'Neill has now 
received her confirmation with humble thanks. Proceedings with 
the Earl of Desmond and others in Munster. 

10. Sir Thomas Cusake to Cecill. Full discourse of his doings 
with Shane O'Neill since he first commenced. Shane O'Neill's 
dutiful answer. Confirmation. Desires that Shane O'Neill may 
not be in fear of his person when sent for by the Governor. Shane's 
dealings with the Scots related as most commendable. State of 
Ulster. The conclusions taken in Munster. Malefactors fined. 
Thirty executed. Desires to be discharged of all such service in 
future. Incloses, 

10. i. Exemplification of Shane O'Neill's answer, made to Sir 
Thomas Cusake, when he delivered the confirmation. 1564, Nov. 14, 

10. ii. Exemplification of the confirmation of the articles of 
peace, made 1563, Nov. 18. 1563/4, March 14, Dublin. Latin. 

11. William Dyxe to Cecill. Interruption of his office as Auditor. 
Nothing yet performed in the commission for which they were 
specially sent, but the discharge of Captain Home's [Heron ?] band. 
Arbitrary proceedings. If the opinion of Wrothe and Dyxe had been 
followed, the commission would long since have been fulfilled. 

Jan. 17? 12. Note of matters to be laid to Captain Heron's charge. His 
checks 1,01 Si. 17s. 4td. Other matters, as his having been sheriff 
of Carlow eight years, his authority of martial law, his custodium 
of Edoughe, and his six years' oversight of the " Senerie" of Leinster ; 
amounting in all to 7,513/. 17s. 4<d. [This paper is written in a 
hand that generally has William Bermyngham's signature ] 

Jan. 17. 




Jan. 17. 1 3. Sir W. Fy tzwylliams to Cecill. License granted to the Earl 
Thomas Court. o f Kildare to pay Cahir O'Reilly. Burning of towns, preying, &c. 
Violence of Shane's men at Carlingford. Bands. No man was 
ever more led away with every tale than the Lord Justice. 

Jan. 26. 

Jan. 26. 


14. Auditor Dyxeto Sir William Cecill. Lord Justice Arnold has 
declared to him the Queen's pleasure, that Mr. Attorney and he 
should be appointed in the place of Sir T. Wrothe for the musters. 
The great difficulties and impediments which the Lord Justice and 
Bermyngham will put in their way. Partial proceedings against 
Sir H. Radeclyff and the captains. 

15. Lord Justice Sir N. Arnold to the Queen. Relates all that 
had been done with respect to Walter Pepparde's affairs in conse- 
quence of Her Majesty's letters of 1564, May 26, directed to Sir 
T. Wrothe and the writer. Recommendation for recompense to 
W. Pepparue. Incloses, 

1 5. i. Certificate of the yearly value and estimate of the spiritu- 
alties of Balla Rone and Kylmahide in Leix, found by inquisition 
of Francis Cosbie and other Commissioners appointed by Wrothe 
and Arnold, Oct. 18, 1564, Balliadame, Queens County. 

Jan. 28. 16. Lord Justice Arnold to Cecill. Has despatched the bearer 
Dublin. John Harepennye, Mr. Pepparde's servant, with advertisement touch- 
ing his master's suits. Could not do it more speedily on account of 
important business of state. 

Jan. 28. 17. Henry Draycott to same. Thanks for the forwarding of his 
Dublin. suit for the place of Master of the Rolls, moved by the Archbishop 
of Armagh and the Bishop of Meath. Incloses, 

17. I. A bill of the patent of that office to be signed, drawn 
according to the former patent. Latin. 

18. Sir W. Fytzwylliams to Cecill. Received the warrant to 
deliver money January 20. Cusake's money. Desmond's money. 
Hurts by Cahir O'Reilly. Shane O'Neill's late disorders. Dowdall 
the Queen's solicitor despatched to him. The Lord Justice's pro- 
ceedings as to the Earl of Desmond. Vain desire of Arnold for the 
name of Deputy. Warrant to pay certain of the Lord Lieutenant's 
foot soldiers who were to be cassed. Dispute. Incloses, 

18. I. Draft of a warrant drawn by Sir W. Fytzwylliams, to 
pay such soldiers of the Lord Lieutenant as are appointed to be 
cassed. Jan., Dublin. 

18. ii. Warrant from the Lord Justice and Council to Mr. Trea- 
surer Fytzwylliams, for pay to be made to such of the Lord 
Lieutenant's soldiers as are to be cassed. Jan. 25, Dublin. 

19. Declaration made by the Earl of Sussex to the Lords of the 
Council, showing the griefs of the captains. Impolicy of Arnold's 
government. How he has sought to defame all English-born 

Jan. 28. 


Jan. 29. 




Jan. 29. 


Jan. 30. 



ministers, and to subvert all English government. Has never been 
present himself, nor yet suffered Englishmen, at the execution of any 
service, whereby great disorders have arisen, and greater peril may 
ensue. 40,000. will not suffice to restore Ireland to the tranquillity 
it was in, two years ago. 

20. Notes to be considered of, by Cecill, for the government of 
Ireland, sent by the Lord Justice Arnold to the Earl of Leicester and 
Cecil u A general discourse on the state of the country. Arnold 
assures Cecill he acts with the wild Irish as with bears and bandogs. 
So that he sees them fight earnestly, and tug each other well, he 
cares not who has the worse. 

Jan. 29. 21. Adam Loftus, Archbishop of Armagh, and Hugh Bradie, 
Dublin. Bishop of Meath, to Cecill. Recommend H. Draycott to be Master 
of the Rolls. 

22. Sir Henry Radeclyff, Stanley, and Fytzwylliams, to the Privy 
Council. Show how they had been entrapped by Sir T. Cusake to 
sign a letter to Shane O'Neill, to which the Lord Justice Arnold's 
hand had been already set. Their refusal to sign instructions to 
Cusake for allowance to Shane of such urraghs as he required of the 
Queen, and for restoration of the prey taken from M'Mahon. Desire 
to be excused. 

Jan. 31. 23. Radeclyff to the same. Relates that being before the Lord 
Dublin Castle. Justice by commandment, he took opportunity of requesting him to 
sign his passport to England. Imprisoned. The cause and manner 
of his imprisonment. Checks. Incloses, 

23. i. A brief division of the checks that Bermyngham chargeth 
on Sir H. Radeclyff to the amount of 8,000?. 

Jan. 31. 24. Sir Henry Radeclyff to Cecill. Radeclyff waited on the Lord 

Dublin Castle. Justice to sign his passport for England, whereupon the Lord Justice 

committed him to prison because there was a show of a debt upon 

him for checks, &c., to the sum of 8,OOOL Desires Cecill to procure 

his delivery and license for his repair to England. Incloses, 

24. i. A brief division of the checks that Bermyngham chargeth 
on Sir Henry Radeclyff. 

Feb. 1. 25. Auditor Gabriel Crofte to Cecill, relative to his controversy 
Dublin. with the Clerk of the Pipe. 

Feb. 4. 26 Sir W. Fytzwylliams to the Earl of Sussex, Lord Lieutenant 
Thomas Court. O f Ireland, &c. The manner of the paying Mr. Lieutenant's 

Jan. 31 to 27. Memorial of matters contained in Sir H. Radeclyff's letters. 
Feb. 4. Imprisonment. The Treasurer to pay his soldiers. Lord Justice 
placeth and displaceth his officers. He will neither pay the merchants, 
nor suffer them to come to the pay-board to stay the due debts upon 
the soldiers who have received their wares, but says that the captains 
must pay them. Radeclyff thinks it not fit to be bound to pay 
soldier and country, seeing the Lord Justice has paid and stayed at 
his own order. 




Feb. 8. 



28. Earl of Ormond and Ossory to Cecill. Attacked by the Earl 
of Desmond. Desmond overthrown and taken prisoner. Desires to 
have letters of commandment from the Queen to repair to England 
with Desmond. 

Feb. 11. 29. Sir W. Fytzwylliams to same. Earl of Ormond desires 
Dublin. Desmond may not be taken from him, till he bring him to England. 
Foul devices. Cahir O'Reilly continueth burning and spoiling. 

Feb. 18. 

[Feb. 18.] 


[Feb. 22.] 
[Feb. 22.] 

30. Articles administered to the Earl of Ormond by the Lord 
Justice and Council, relative to his conflict with the Earl of 

31. Earl of Desmond's answer to the interrogatories ministered 
to him at Waterford, dated 18th Feb. 1564/5. 

32. Questions by Cecill for the interrogation of Richard Creaghe, 
titular Archbishop of Armagh, relative to the cause of his going to 

33. Richard Creaghe's answers to the questions delivered to him 
by Mr. Secretary. The cause of his repair to Rome. He was made 
Archbishop of Armagh, and supported by the Pope. English and 
Irish acquainted with the cause of his return to Ireland. " Other 
men by the way knew or harde more abouth me, as the Cardinal of 
Augusta [Augsburg], who did hold me the space of a senyght to 
be recreased and to recover my helth of the ague that I caught by 
the way." Creaghe had letters from the Pope to Shane O'Neill. 
Shane O'Neill desired to have the archbishoprick of Armagh for 
Terence Danyell, the Dean there, who, as Creaghe thinks, is one 
of his fostered brethren. 

34-. The answer of the Earl of Ormond and Ossory to the articles 
ministered to him, relative to the conflict with Desmond. 

35. William Bermyngham to Cecill. Excuses his defect in the 
knowledge of an auditor's faculty. Desires that no opinion or judg- 
ment be formed of him, till he be heard personally before Cecill. 
Hopes to bring the matter of the checks to a good end. 

36. Same to the Privy Council. His proceedings in the matter of 
the musters. The refusal of Sir Henry Radeclyff and the captains, to 
deliver perfect reckonings for the pay of every soldier to be made 
by the Commissioners by poll. Imprisonment of Sir H. Radeclyff. 

37. The Earl of Ormond's writing, addressed to the Lord Justice 
Arnold, charging the Earl of Desmond, Thomas of Desmond, and 
others with treason. 

38. Memorandum of letters, &c., to be despatched to Ireland for 
the repair to England of the Earls of Ormond, Desmond, and others, 
and for the government of their countries during their absence. 

Feb. 28 ? 39. The Queen to the Earl of Ormond and Ossory. Mislike of the 
meeting in such manner of hostility between, him and the Earl of 
Desmond. To repair to the Royal presence. To leave his country 
to the government of some person of credit. 

Feb. 22. 


Feb. 24 


Feb. 24. 


Feb. 26. 


Feb. 28 ? 




Feb. 28 ? 40. The Queen to the Earl of Desmond. Mislike of the conflict. 
To repair to the Royal presence. The government of the country. 

Feb. 28 ? -41. The same to McCarthy More, for his repair into England, to 
be present ai the determination of the controversies between Ormond 
and Desmond. 

Feb. 28 ? 42. The same to O'Sullivan Beare, to repair to England, together 
with the Lord McCarthy More. 

Feb. 28 ? 43. The same to the Lords Roche, Barrymore, Fitzmaurice, 
Power, and Dunboyne, to preserve the peace of Munster, and assist 
the Commissioners there, during the absence of the Earls and others. 

Feb. 28 ? 44. The same to Sir Maurice Fitzgerald, for his coming over to 
England with the Earl of Ormond, whose controversies are now to 
be taken in hand, in consequence of the conflict between the said 
Earl and Desmond, who met in the country of Sir Maurice Fitz- 
gerald above said. 

Feb. 28 ? 45. The same to Fitzmaurice, for the preservation of the peace in 
his country, and the assisting of the Commissioners. 

Feb. 28 ? 46. Two drafts of letters from the Queen to some Lords in Ireland, 
for maintenance of peace in Munster, during the absence of the 
Earls of Ormond and Desmond. [Drawn on the back of the draft of 
a petition to the Queen, respecting a lease of the manor ofBulteford, 
claimed by John Barwyk, of Wilcot, in co. Wilts.'] 

Feb. 28. 47. Commission for Mr. Marshal Sir Geo. Stanley, Mr. Vice- 
Treasurer Fytzwylliams, Sir T. Cusake, and Capt. Francis Agarde, 
to govern Munster during the absence of the Earls of Ormond and 

Feb. ult. 48. Robert Flemyng, Mayor of Drogheda, to Sir W. Cecil]. 

Drogheda. Thanks for the friendship shown to his factor concerning Gressame's 
matter. O'Neill attacked the Scots at A_ll-hallowtide last, burned 
part of their country, and has taken their pledges. Three hundred 
Scots of James M'Donnell's household men have arrived at Lecale, 
and are now entertained by " M'Gillespoke " [Gilla-Easpoig]. His 
suit for the fee farm. Brewing utensils. 

Feb. 49. Privy Council to Lord Justice Arnold. Send him a copy 

of the letters of the captains of 1564/5, January 10, their articles 
and answers, together with their opinion on every item. Direct 
that he should follow the same, unless he should see that he had 
sufficient matter to convince them otherwise. Receipt of letters of 
January 29, after the writing of these letters. The imprisonment 
of Radeclyff misliked. 

Feb. ult. 50. Sir W. Cecill to the same, in reply to the notes sent by him, 

Westminster. 1564/5, January 29, Arnold is not to consider what the world only 

will judge, but what God sees. Answers to the notes respectively. 

Cecill as a Christian man cannot without perplexity contemplate the 

wild Irish set to fight as bears and bandogs. 



Feb. ult. 

Feb. ult. 


Feb. ult. 


March 5. 

March 14. 


51. Interrogatories administered to Sir Maurice Fitzgerald. 

52. Deposition of Sir Maurice Fitzgerald, knight, upon the 
interrogatories. Sir Maurice having heard that the Earl of Desmond 
would come into his country, sent by letter, and again by a special 
messenger, to the Earl of Ormond, requiring him to come and carry 
away his cattle, to keep them safe in his country. Sir Maurice 
was at his own house at Dromanaghe at the time of the conflict. 
Description of the attack. Burnings. 

53. Interrogatories ministered to the Lord Power. 

54. Walter Pepparde to Cecill. His suits and charges. The 
Lord Justice Arnold's favourable letters in his behalf of 1564/5, 
January 26. This bearer has been sick of the cough and murr, 
which was cause of the delay. 

55. Deposition of Edmund Duff O'Hagan, relative to Cormac 
O'Conor, coming to Lismore, the Tuesday before the Lady of 
Desmond's death, being the 2nd of January. Sir Piers Butler of 
the Cahir, the White Knight, and others, ready to join the Earl of 
Desmond before the conflict. Cormac disguised by the name of 

March 14. 56. The Queen to Sir T. Cusake. Thinks nothing less of his 
good intention of service in Munstfr, for the conflict of the Earls 
of Ormond and Desmond. Shane O'Neill's acceptation of the 
accord. Assurance to be given to Shane of her favourable intentions 
towards him. 

March 17. 57. Interrogatories ministered to Richard Creaghe, prisoner in 
the Tower, relative to his journey to Rome. His appointment to be 
Archbishop of Armagh. 

58. Draft of some of the above interrogatories. 

March 17. 59. Examination taken of Richard Creaghe, Irishman, by Richard 
Tower. Ousley, Recorder of London, and Thomas Wilson, Master of Saint 
Katherine's, relative to his journey to Rome, &c. The Pope's 
Nuncio, David Wolfe, was born in Limerick, where Richard Creaghe 
also was born. Creaghe has been most commonly heretofore m the 
Bishoprick of Limerick, and there taught children. The Nuncio 
heard of this exanimate that he was learned, and so required him 
to go to Rome to take upon him the archbishoprick of Cashel or 
Armagh. He was made Bachelor of Divinity in Louvain. At 
his going out of Ireland, the Nuncio gave him 40 crowns, the Bishop 
of Limerick 12 marks, and he had 20 crowns of his own, and more 
he had not. The Nuncio was this last summer in Tyrone with 
Shane O'Neill. 

March 23. 60. Creaghe's second confession relative to his journey, money, 
friends, &c. 




Mar. 23 ? 

Tower of 


61. Supplication of Richard Creaglie, prisoner, to the Privy 
Council, for the liberty of the Tower, and that some one may have 
license to resort to him, as William Bermyngham is about to return 
to Ireland. 

March 23. 62. The answer of the Lord Lieutenant Sussex to the letters of 
Sir N. Arnold and others of the Commissioners, of the last of 
January 1564/5, wherein the Earl toucheth Sir N. Arnold 
only, for that he knew the Queen's pleasure, and was sent out of 
England, purposely for the causes contained in his commission. 
Sussex, after full answers to the weighty points of their letters, 
desires that the Lords [of the Council ?] will speedily call Arnold 
to prove his objections against others, and to answer the objections 
against himself. 

March 23. 63.~Abstract of Sir Nicholas Arnold's letters of the last of January, 
and of the Earl of Sussex's answer to them, made by the Earl 
23 March 1564/5. 

March 30. 64. Auditor W. Dyxe to Cecill. The reckonings and cassing of the 

Dublin. bands. Commandment given by Serjeant Fynglas to Bermyngham 

on Her Majesty's behalf that he should not deliver any note or 

book of checks to Dyxe. No treasure to make further pay. Late 

dissolved house in the west parts. Incloses, 

64. i. Brief note of certain good and sperate debts due to the 


March ? 65. Thomas Flemyng to the Earl of Leicester, as to his brother 
Robert's suit, for certain of Her Majesty's brewing utensils at 
Armagh. Robert Flemyng has 80 acres of corn to cut next 


April 1. 1. Examination of Lysagh M'Mori&he Moyle O'Conor, one of the 
Kilkenny, proclaimed traitors of the Conors, relative to certain proclaimed 
traitors and others, who were with the Earl of Desmond at the 

April 2. 

April 2. 

Beind Borb. 

2. Terence Danyell, Dean of Armagh, to Sir Thomas Cusake. 
Has declared to O'Neill the contents of the Queen's letters. O'Neill 
promises to follow Cusake's advice. The Scots send all the hawks 
of the north to the Queen of Scotland every season. Scots' en- 
croachments. [See 1565, June 25, Cusake's letter.] 

3. Shane O'Neill to same. Understands by Cusake's writings 
the Queen's great favour to him. Presses him for the acceleration 
of a parliament. Latin. 



April 3. 


April 3. 


4. Marshal Sir George Stanley to Cecill. Relates at full the pro- 
ceedings at Waterford, the examinations of the Earls of Ormond and 
Desmond, the manner of the conflict, the state of Ireland. 

5. Hugh Bradie, Bishop of Meath, to same. He laments that 
the deanery of St. Patrick's has been conferred on the Lord Primate, 
who might have been provided for otherwise. Distracted state of 
Ireland. Commends Geoffrey Pynchebek and the bearer Leche. 

April 3. 6. Sir W. Fytzwylliams to same. Represents the state of the 
Thomas Court, country as most unsatisfactory. Blames the Lord Justice for it. 
The conflict between the Earls. Arnold seven weeks at Waterford 
investigating the matter, and hath done little or nothing. 

April 7. 7. Auditor Henry Draycott to same, respecting his suit to be 
Dublin. Master of the Rolls. Incloses, 

7. I. A bill of a patent of the office of Master of the Rolls. [See 
another 1564/5, January 28.] 

April 8. 8. Adam Loftus, Archbishop of Armagh, to the Earl of Leicester. 

Termonfeckin. Thanks for the deanery of St. Patrick's, which he had in commen- 

dam. He desires to have remission of the first fruits as he is 

bound to resign it. Commendation of the suit of the bearer Leech, 

and of Draycott. Incloses, 

8. I. Concor 'datum by the Lord Chancellor and Council for 
the Archbishop of Armagh to receive the profits of the deanery of 
St. Patrick's, allowing till the Jirst day of Michaelmas term for 
the Jirst fruits to be settled. 1564/5, February 7. 

April 8. 


April 9. 


April 12. 


9. Depositions of Moriertagh M'Edmund M'Sheehy and of 
Murrough,' his brother, relative to their being sent with their men, 
by the Earl of Desmond, to the assistance of O'Brien and the pro- 
claimed traitors against the Earl of Thomond, for 1 3 weeks. Also 
as to proclaimed traitors being with Desmond at the conflict. 

10. Lord Justice and Commissioners for the Checks to the Privy 
Council ; in answer to their letters of Feb. 27, relative to the articles 
of complaint exhibited by Sir H. Radeclyff, Sir G. Stanley, and 
G. Delves. Inclose, 

10. i. Recognizance offered by Arnold and Commissioners to 
Sir H. Radeclyff. 

10. n. Form of recognizance offered by Sir H. Radeclyff. 

11. Earl of Clanrycard to the Queen. In consequence of Her 
Majesty's letter to the nobility of Ireland, to aid the Earl of Thomond 
against the proclaimed traitors of the O'Briens, he repaired to his 
aid, and had good hope to repulse them till the Earl of Desmond 
assisted them with a great number of people. Forty men of Clan- 
rycard's slain, and 800 kine taken. He desires redress, or at 
least to be allowed to take redress according to their own fashion. 




April 13. 


12. Wm. Dyxe to Cecill. Suits of Capt. Delves, Capt. Girton, 
and their soldiers to Arnold and the Commissioners for determina- 
tion of their checks. Proceedings. Merchants and country murmur 
against the Commissioners and Bermyngham. Evil consequences of 
the deferring of the pay. Incloses, 

12. i. Memorandum of the bands remaining in Her Majesty's 
garrisons not reckoned with. 

13. Earls of Clanrycard and Thonaond to the Privy Council, 
complaining of the daily injuries done to them by the Earl of 
Desmond, in maintaining the O'Briens and hundreds of their men, 
with the O'Conors and O' Mores. The galloglas he sent to the aid 
of the traitors in Thomond were 300. 

14. Adam Loftus, Archbishop of Armgah, and Hugh Bradie, 
Bishop of Meath, to Cecill. Commend the suit of the bearer 
Mr. Fytzwylliams. 

April 14. 15. Sir W. Fytzwylliams to same. The alteration of the Queen's 

Thomas Court. Commission concerning such as should lie in Munster during the 

absence of the Earls in England. The signing of the letter to 

license Agarde's repair to England. Names of the Commissioners 

appointed by Arnold to supersede those chosen by the Queen. 

April 20. 16. Brief declaration by Auditor Thomas Jenyson of the charges 
and losses sustained in the victualling of forts from January 24th, 
1558/9 to April 20th, 1565, collected by commandment of Sir 
Henry Sydney, President of the Council in the Marches of Wales, 
and Lord Deputy, to the intent his Lordship may make better hus- 
bandry by having ready money. 

April 13. 

April 14. 

April 21 
and 23. 


17. Examinations of Gerald Fytz-James Fitzgerald, Dean of Lis- 
more, and Brian M'Donough, relative to the maintenance of Cormac 
O'Conor, the proclaimed traitor, by the Earl of Desmond. Together 
with the names of the chief of the O'Conors being proclaimed traitors, 
and maintained by the Earl of Desmond, and some slain at the 

April 21. 18. Answer of the above said Gerald Fytz-James upon interroga- 
tories, relative to the entertainment of Cormac O'Conor and his 
company in the Earl of Desmond's country, contrary to the Queen's 

April 22. 

April 22. 

19. Thomas Stucley to Cecill, respecting his detention by the 
Lord Justice. Has sent to his cousin Sir John Pollard, to inform 
Cecill of his doings, and also how his ship and goods were taken 

20. Sir Maurice Fitzgerald to the Queen. Complains that the 
Earl of Desmond wastes his country with fire and sword, with as 
much cruelty as any foreign enemy, French or other, could use. He 
will repair to England according to Her Majesty's command, but has 
not yet received her letter from the Lord Justice. 



April 22. 

21. Sir Maurice Fitzgerald to the Privy Council. Complains that 

Waterford. hi s country is wasted with fire and sword by Desmond. 

April 22. 


22. Sir Thomas Cusake to Cecill. Relates proceedings in Munster. 
He trusts to keep the Earl of Desmond's country in good order 
during Desmond's absence. Will do his best to see the fines levied. 
Shane O'NeiU's good conformity. Incloses, 

22. i. Sir Maurice Fitzgerald to Sir T. Cusake. Has not received 
thanks from the Lord Justice for keeping the prisoners. All set at 
liberty upon security but David Oge's son called Richard. Desires 
he may be assigned to the Mayor of Waterford. April 3, Dromanay. 

23. Lord Justice Arnold and Council to the Privy Council, for 
repayment of 200 marks in England, which they had taken up of 
the merchants, for furnishing the Earl of Desmond and the Lords 
M'Carthy More and O'Sullivan Beare, now repairing to England 
under conduct of the bearer Captain Nicholas Heron. 

April 23. 24. M. Kyng, Clerk of the Check, to Cecill. There has been but 
Dublin. one muster taken of each band, since the coming of Sir N. Arnold 
in Feb. 156|. General statement as to checks, cassing, &c. 

April 23. 


April 24. 


25. Sir W. Fytzwylliams to same, in favour of " thys gentylman 
Mr. Fytzwylliams," and his suit for the addition of certain years to 
his lease of Holm Patrick, where he will have to expend 200?. or 
300/. on repairing the pier. Interview with the Earl of Ormond in 
whose borders Sir W. Fytzwylliams was to lie. Book delivered 
to Arnold showing how Fytzwylliams had disbursed by his order 
upwards of 33,000?. 

26. Nevell Sands to same, for the farm of Ballyknockane in 
Leix, as possessed by the late Mr. Hugh Lippiat, whose wife Susan, 
Sands has married. 

27. Captain Nic. Heron to same. Arrived on Easter Tuesday 
at night, with the Earl of Desmond and the Lords M'Carthy More 
and O'Sullivan Beare. Desires to be informed whither Cecill 
would have them to repair, for they are not furnished with money. 

28. Lord Justice Arnold to same. Sends a copy of the Queen's 
letter for answer to the last letters received ; finds fault with the 
opposition in the Privy Council of Ireland. A settled government 
to be established. The treasure all disbursed. 

April 27. 29. Earl of Clanrycard to the Lord Justice Arnold. Can get no 
Baiioghreagh. money of any one to pay Piers Martyne. Desires a respite of seven 
days more. Sir Donnell O'Brien has surrendered to the Earl of 
Thoinond and desires pardon. 

April 24. 


April 25. 

April 26. 

April 28. 

30. Sovereign and Commonalty of Kinsale to the Queen, for con- 
firmation of their charter, for license to transport from England 
yearly 100 ways of wheat, &c., for authority of gaol delivery, and 
for credit to the bearer Andrew Skiddy. 

E 2 




April 30. 31. The Queen to the Lord Justice or other Chief Governor, 

Westminster, for the making an estate in fee farm of Castle Jordan on the borders 

of OfFaley to Richard Crofte, gent., with remainder to Henry Duke 

and his heirs, and a further remainder to Edward Duke. [Draft. 

See the original enclosed 1565/6, March 3.] 

[April 30.] 32. Particulars of the above grant of Castle Jordan in the 
borders of OfFaley to Richard Croft, gent. 

April. 33. Privy Council to the Lord Justice. To license John Payne, 

treasurer to the Earl of Sussex, to repair into England at his will 
for his own business. 

O'Neill to the same. His journey to Claneboy. 
a new and strong town. Assembly of the gentry. March 

May 2. 34. Shane 

Boile Caislein. Builds 

to the Scottish borders. Conflict with Sorley Boy. Destruction of 
James M'Donnell's castle and town. Arrival of James M'Donnell 
with all his force from Scotland. Boile Caislein besieged. Great 
battle with James M'Donnell and Sorley. Slaughter of 700 Scots 
and the capture of James and Sorley. Latin. 

May 4. 35. Sir W. Fytzwylliams to Cecill, in favour of Phetyplace, who 
Thomas Court. i s resolved to leave off piracy, and desires to be employed. 

May 4. 


May 4. 

May 16. 


May 16. 


May 16. 


36. Earl of Clanrycard to the Privy Council. Renewal of his 
requests, which Her Majesty had formerly granted, but which the 
Earl of Sussex and Clanrycard had had no leisure to cause to 
be executed. Desires assistance of artillery to chastise Moroghe 
O'Dowghe, a wild Irishman far in the Irish country. 

37. Same to the Queen for renewal of her former grants of his 

38. Sir W. Fytzwylliams to Cecill. The Commissioners not sent 
to lie in Munster, according to the Queen's appointment. The 
soldiers dispersed over the country, so as not to be within call 
under 16 days' warning. Unseemly words spoken by the Lord 
Justice to the Lord Primate. Shane O'Neill writes that he has 
killed 700 Scots, and has James M'Donnell and Sorley Boy 

39. Hugh Bradie, Bishop of Meath, to same. To help a poor 
man of the city of London, who was bound with him for the first- 
fruits of Alderchurch, and is now ruined. Expenses of his 
bishoprick. Distraction of the country. Recommends the bearer 
Robert Gerye for the gaol in West Meath. Geoffrey Pynchebek is 
dead. St. Patricks. Shane O'Neill's victory over the Scots. 

40. Adam Loftus, Archbishop of Armagh, and the Bishop of 
Meath to same. In favour of the bearer, James M'Caghwell, on whom 
Her Majesty has bestowed the bishoprick of Down, which he cannot 
enjoy, as Shane O'Neill's brother holds it, by colour of a grant 
procured from Rome. 



, K p- VOL. XIII. 


May 17. 41. Parcels of buckles and nails for armour for Ireland, for 
delivery of which the Master of the Armoury desires a warrant. 

May 17. 


May 17. 

42. Adam Loftus, Archbishop of Armagh, to the Queen. Kelates 
his proceedings as chief in the Commission of Causes Ecclesiastical. 
Has found many and great offences against the laws. The nobility 
and chief gentlemen have continually frequented the mass. He 
desires instructions how to proceed. 

43. The same to Cecill. Proceedings in causes ecclesiastical. 
Desires him to procure an answer of the Queen's Majesty with 

May 18. 44. SirW. Fytzwylliams to same, in commendation of the bearer 
Glassen HalL Mr. John Wakley. Shane's slaughter of the Scots exaggerated. 
James M'Donnell is said to have died of a wound. 

May 20. 45. Sir Henry Sydney's private petitions to the Queen, in case he 
shall go into Ireland. An ample commission. His office in Wales. 
License to transport 6,000 cloths and grain for his own household. 
Power to repair to the Queen without stay for license. The making 
of steel. 

May 20. 46. Sir Henry Sydney's articles for the publick affairs of Ireland. 
Leix and Offaley, Munster, Thomond, Scots, Shane O'Neill, money, 
munition, the army, Chancellorship, a learned Counsellor, St. 

May 21. 47. O'Donnell's supplication to the Earl of Leicester. Bewails his 
banishment from his country by Shane, and consequent poverty, for 
taking the Queen's part ; implores redress. 

May 22. 48. Shane O'Neill to Sir Thomas Cusake. Has received his 

From his Camp letters ; thanks for his useful counsel. His victory over the Scots ; 

mC Byde aeda J ames an d Sorley Boy with many gentlemen captured. JSneas 

(Claneboy.) [Aenghus] the proud, the brother of James M'Donnell, slain, with 

600 or 700 Scots. To send a horse to England for the Earl of 

Leicester. Latin. 

May 25. 49. Memorial of articles relative to Sir H. Sydney's government 
in Ireland. The garrison of Ireland as at this day, the charge, &c. 

May 30. 50. Sir W. Fytzwylliams to Cecill. Commissioners sent to talk 
Dublin. with O'Reilly. Arnold's intention to invade O'Reilly's country. 
None of the Commissioners sent to Munster. Great hurts done 
there to Sir Edmund Butler. O'Neill is settling his people in the 
Glynns, the Route and other parts of Claneboy. Commendation 
of the bearer Lancelot Alford ; he has taken pains for Fytz- 

[May.] 51. Memoranda for Ireland, Bishops, Preachers, Lord Chancellor, 
Master of the Rolls, St. Patrick's. 


1565. ' XIIL 

[May.] 52. Note laid before the Queen, of matters which the Earl of 
Ormond objects against the Earl of Desmond, for offences of treason 
committed against Her Majesty, and hurts done to the Earl of 
Ormond and others, by the Earl of Desmond and his followers, since 
his return in 1563, Dec. Also hurts committed and done to the 
Earl of Ormond's tenants, by the Earl of Desmond's servants, and 
certain of the rebels of the Burkes and Ryans gone out in Tipperary, 
and kept, aided, and maintained by the Earl of Desmond and his 
brother John. 

[Junel.] 53. Petition of the Earl of Desmond to the Queen. Relates the 
particulars of the conflict with the Earl of Ormond ; the manner 
of the attack, the wounds he had received, the captivity to which he 
was subjected, and the poverty he endures. 

June 4. 54. Auditor Wm. Dyxe to Cecill. Particular reckonings. Some 

Dublin. of the captains have received a note of their checks from Bermyng- 

ham, with days to answer them. Stalments of debts granted by 

the Barons of the Exchequer of their own accord. Mr. Treasurer's 


June 4. 55. Earl of Ormond and Ossory to same. Report of the taking 
Westminster. o f Art M'Teig Enaa. Desires that Cecill will send orders, to 
have him brought to England, for examination as to where he 
and other of the O'Conors have been maintained, during their late 
rebellion. Desires to be called to avouch his book against the Earl 
of Desmond. 

June 6. 56. Answer of Ormond to the allegations of the Earl of Desmond 
[June 1], showing how all the mischief complained of, arose from 
the assault made on him by the Earl of Desmond ; and how Desmond 
on hearing where he was, hasted to the attack. 

June 8. 57. Sir W. Fytzwylliams to Cecill. Has received Cecill's letter 
Thomas Court. o f May 24. Exculpates himself as to having informed the Lord 
Justice of the lack of treasure. He could have governed Ireland 
as well as Arnold, and saved the Queen 20,000 marks. Will shortly 
make out the book of extraordinary payments. Sir Henry Sydney 
to be openly cautioned against keeping company with Mrs. Issarn. 
Spoil in the county of Limerick. O'Neill has preyed Dundalk 
twice. Reformation to be made in the manner of granting instal- 
ments, in the Exchequer. 

June 11. 58. Lord Justice Arnold to same. Trusts to answer all objections. 
Dublin. Shane O'Neill commended. Mr. Treasurer's reckoning. Practise 
with O'Neill concerning his last journey. 

June 12. 59. Answer of the Earl of Desmond to the Earl of Ormond's 
Book, wherewith he charges him of treason arid felony. 

June 14. 60. Matthew Kyng, Clerk of the Check, to Cecill. Abstract of 
Dublin. the army. Daily and monthly charge. The army has been but 
once mustered since the coming of Wrothe and Arnold. Transmits, 

60. i. Abstract of the army and garrison in Ireland, with the 
daily and monthly charges. May 25. 


1565. VOL - 

June 15. 61. The Queen's warrant to the Barons of the Exchequer in 
[Westminster.] Ireland, for discharge of the Archbishop of Armagh for the first- 
fruits of the deanery of St. Patrick's. 

June 17. 62. Earl of Ormond to Cecil 1. Begs that the Council may at 
their next sitting hear the matters between the Earl of Desmond 
and him. Rebels have burnt two towns of the Earl of Ormond's, 
and spoiled a tenant on the abbey-land of Athashell. The brawls 
which the guard made on Ormond and his brother have caused the 
Queen to conceive some displeasure against Ormond, 

June 17. 63. Petition of the Earl of Desmond to the Queen. Complains 
that the Earl of Ormond's officers, have lately taken up all the 
rents of Kilshielan in county Tipperary. Desires that the Earl of 
Ormond may be compelled to make answer and redress, to certain 
complaints specified. 

June 17. 64. A remembrance unto the Privy Council, of such lands and 
goods as the Earl of Ormond doth wrongfully detain from the Earl 
of Desmond, and whereof he prays restitution. 

June 18. 65. Shane O'Neill to the Queen. In favour of Mr. Stucley, 
From his camp wno had shown him much courtesy in his repair to Her presence, 
n Claneboy. Would write of further matters, but is at present so much occu- 
pied with the expulsion of the Scots, that he has no time. 

June 18. 66. Same to Cecill. For favour to be showen to Mr. Thomas 
From the camp Stucley. O'Neill obliged to abide in camp to resist the Scots, who 
ane oy< daily threaten to invade the kingdom. Latin. 

June 18. 67. Same to the Earl of Leicester, for Thomas Stucley to be 
pardoned. Latin. 

June 22. 68. Privy Council to the Earl of Kildare. Thanks for his good 
service against the rebels in Leix and Offaley, the O'Conors and 
O'Mores. To consider with the Lord Justice, what were meet to be 
further done. 

June 22. 69. The same to the Lord Justice Arnold. Sir Henry Sydney 
appointed to the government. Arnold revoked. Shane O'Neill's 
letters of May 2 answered. Arnold to send a special man to O'Neill 
to practise with him for the recovery of James M'Donnell and his 
brother into the possession of the Queen. Causes of Ormond and 
Desmond have been already heard at good length. McCarthy More 
to be made an Earl. O'Sullivan Beare to be made a Knight. Pledges 
to be instantly taken of John of Desmond for keeping the peace. 
Rebels and outlaws. Grievous complaints by the King of Spain 
against Thomas Stucley the pirate. Checks. Arnold to send a 
perfect declaration of the number of soldiers he found, the number 
discharged, and the number now remaining ; how the treasure has 
been expended ; the state of the Irish revenue ; pay due to the 
army this midsummer. To send a brief of the revenue now, and 
also how it was in King Edward VI/s time. Cess to be laid on for 





the forts. Hay to be made. Copies of the recognizances of Ormond 
and Desmond to be sent. 

June 22 ? 70. Commission from the Queen to the chief authorities in 
Ireland, to invest some one, not specified, with the titles and honour 
of a Baron and an Earl. [Draft] 

[June 22.] 71. Privy Council to Shane O'Neill. Fis letters to the Lord 
Justice of May 2, exhibited to the Queen. Desire from him a 
certificate of the occasion of his expedition in Claneboy, how the 
battle commenced, who are the captives, what forts and castles are 
reduced to the Queen's obedience. What Scottish captains survive. 
How that part of Ulster may be freed from. them. Sir Henry 
Sydney appointed to the government. Latin. 

June 23. 72. Lord Justice Arnold to the Privy Council Sends Thomas 
Dublin. Stucley with commendation of his liberality. Cannot as yet certify 
the state of the Treasurer's office. 

June 23. 


June 23. 


June [24.] 

June 24. 


June 25. 


June 25. 
June 27. 

Stucley recommended to mercy as 

73. The same to Cecill. 
having done no harm. 

74. Hugh Bradie, Bishop of Meath, to same. The matter of the 
College. Greatness of Shane O'Neill. Exploit. Captives. Mr. 
Stucley commended. 

75. Copious memoranda of Irish affairs to be despatched, many 
of them contained in the drafts of despatches calendered above. 

76. Form of the oath or homage of M'Carthy More, now Baron 
of Valentia and Earl of Clancarr. 

77. Terence Danyell, Dean of Armagh, to Cecill. Has long 
remained with Shane O'Neill at Sir Thomas Cusake's desire. 
O'Neill's dutifulness. Victory over the Scots. James M'Donnell 
and Sorley Boy with many others are prisoners. 

78. Sir Thos. Cusake to same. Sickness. His suit for divers 
parcels of land to the amount of 46?. per annum. ; Mr. "Wyse, now in 
England, is directed to explain the circumstances of the 1,500?. with 
which Cusake was charged in Queen Mary's time. Munster. 
Ulster. Shane O'Neill's conformity, his victory over the Scots, &c. 

78. I. O'Neill to Sir Thos Cusake. April 2. 

78. II. Same to same. May 22. 

79. Copy of the survey of a number of parcels of land for which 
Sir Thos. Cusake makes suit. 

80. Donyll Earl of Clancarr to the Earl of Leicester. To be a mean 
to the Queen for the following suits. The loan of 600?. to be repaid 
in Ireland. For an annual fee out of the Exchequer or some portion 
of land in the English Pale, as is customary for newly created Earls. 


1565. VoL - 

The priory of Bally n drey glit. To be Vice-admiral upon his own 
coast. For the patronage of all spiritual promotions " within iny 
owne countye of Clancare." To have the appointment of the head 
sheriff " of my owne nation." 

June 30. 81. Shane O'Neill to the Lord Justice and [Council. Received 
Dun-na-mbend. their letters by Justice Dowdall and the Dean of Armagh relative 
to the spoils committed by Cahir O'Reilly. O'Neill declares himself 
ready to compel restitution of the spoils taken from the English Pale, 
or to banish the spoilers, and begs that the Commissioners may be 
speedily appointed to examine into the matter. Latin. 

June. 82. Gerot Flemynge to Sir Thos. Cusake. Relates at full Shane 

O'Neill's proceedings against the Scots, the taking of James 
M'Donnell, Sorley Boy, and 19 others and the slaughter of 600. 
Alexander, one of James M'Donnell's brethren, took shipping with 
900 to come and help his brother, and landed at RaghHn Island, 
but hearing of his brother's miscarriage returned back. 


July 2. 1. Robert Daly, Bishop of Kildare, to Cecill. Report of altera- 
Kildare. tion of religion in England, triumphant rejoicing of the Papists 

thereat. The poor Protestants oft resort to him to leam what the 

matter means. 

July 4. 2. Instructions to Sir Henry Sydney, K.G., Lord President of 
Wales, on his appointment to be Lord Deputy of Ireland, con- 
taining 34 articles on the most important matters of the realm. 
[First draft] 

3. Sir Henry Sydney's opinion upon the minute of the instruc- 
tions first devised for him. The council. Clergy. Judges. Garrison. 
Establishment of councils. Commissioners of Oyer and Terminer, 
A gaol in every county. Musters. Cesses. Munster. Sir Nicholas 
Bagenall. Private suits. 

July 5. 4. Petition of Wm.'Leche for the " nexte avoydaunce of the Rowme 
and office of Chauntour, Deane, chauncelor, or tresaurer," in the 
cathedral of the Blessed Trinity, of Dublin. Mr. Draycott's suit. 

July 8. 5. A brief declaring the difference between the Clerk of the 
Check's certificate of the soldiers now remaining in garrison and the 
number demanded by Sir H. Sydney, and also what is to be saved. 

July 8. 6. Petitions of Sir Owen O'Sullivan to Queen Elizabeth ; relative 
to the wording of the patent, granting his lands of Beare and Bantry, 
including, with the towns and castles of Downebwy, the town and 
principal castle of Beare Haven, Ardee, &c., lands extending 42 miles 
in length and 24 in breadth. Also supplication for the loan of 200Z. 

July 9. 7. Second draft for the Common Instructions of Sir H. Sydney, 
on his appointment as Lord Deputy of Ireland. 



July 9. 


July [9.] 
July 10. 

July 13. 


July 13. 

July ] 3. 

July 13. 



8. A particular instruction given by Queen Elizabeth to Sir H. 
Sydney, K.G., to be used and communicated by him with such of 
Her Majesty's Council in Ireland as he shall think meet. The 
removal of the Lord Chancellor. O'Donnell's cause. Shane O'Neill's 
taking of James M'Donnell. The Glynns and Raghlin island to be 
brought to the possession of some English subject. O'Keilly. Earl 
of Desmond. John of Desmond to come and remain in England. 
Bagenall to be Marshal if Arnold can show good proof that Stanley 
has done wrong. Jenyson to have Crofte's room ; Crofte, Draycott's, 
and Draycott to be made Master of the Rolls. All the accounts to 
be engrossed. [Draft by Cecill.] 

9. Notes for the instructions of Sir H. Sydney, when he was 
appointed Lord Deputy of Ireland. 

10. Remembrances for Ireland. Shane O'Neill, O'Donnell ; 
Warhame Sentleger to be made knight. 

11. Memorial of advices for Ireland by the Lord Keeper Sir 
Nic. Bacon, followed by memoranda in the hand of Sir W. Cecill. 

12. Memoranda of matters for Ireland by Cecill. 

13. Justice Jo. Plunket to Cecill for the furtherance of his suit 
committed to his cousin the bearer Mr. Thomas Fytzwylliams. 

14. Sir W, Fytyzwylliams to same. Will give in his account to 
Arnold in four or five days. It will not be so orderly as it should 
on account of Alford's absence. The order taken with O'Reilly. 
The spoils committed. Shane O'Neill shelters Cahir O'Reilly. 
Report of James M'Donnell being at liberty. O'Neill has sent an 
old priest to the Queen of Scots. Marshal Stanley hardly escaped 
with his life, all the English with him expected a like fate. Arnold's 
rudeness to the Marshal. Arnold finds some of his own kinsfolks 
amongst the Irish traitors. Smith re-examined by the Lord Justice 
for the matter of Shane O'Neill. 

15. An abridgment of such depositions, (viz., of Edmund Duff, 
May 14; Lysagh M'Maurice Moyle O'Conor, 1st April ; Moriertagh 
M'Edmond, 8th April; Gerald Fitz-James Fitzgerald, Dean of 
Lismore, April 21, and Brian M'Donough, April 21), as the Earl of 
Ormond hath to show against the Earl of Desmond. 

1 6. Petition of the Earl of Clancarr to the Queen ; that the services 
reserved to him in the patent to be made to Sir Owen O 'Sullivan 
(O'Sullivan Beare) may not be passed over in general words, but 
fully expressed. Inclosing, 

16. i A schedule of the services, rents, duties, and demands 
Sir Owen O'Sullivan and his heirs ought to pay to the Earl of 

17. Sir George Stanley, the Marshal, to Cecill. The parley with 
O'Reilly. The assembly of the Earl of Kildare and all the borders. 
No English footmen taken. The attempt made to murder the 




July 15. 

July 15. 

July 15. 
July 15. 

July 16. 

St. Patricks. 

July 16. 


July 16. 


July 19. 
July 20. 



Marshal and all the English in the camp. The good conduct of the 
Earl of Kildare. The arrogance of Arnold. Stanley gave in a 
paper of the names of those who had made the attack on his life, 
and demanded of the Lord Justice in Council to send for them, 
which he would not. 

18. Note of the particulars of Sir Thomas Cusake's requests as to 
a fee farm, the discharge for the wrongful debt charged by Valentine 
Browne, and the office of Lord Chancellor. Inclosing, 

18. i. Mr. V. Browne to Sir Thomas Cusake. Sends him a, true 
copy of his charge verbatim, whereby he may perfectly make the 
ground of his petition as the Lord Robert required. His readiness 
to assist. [Copy.] 1563, Aug. 20, Berwick. 

1 9. Book of the rate of the monthly and yearly charges of the Lord 
Lieutenant [Deputy] and garrison of Ireland, to be established by 
Sir H. Sydney within a fortnight of his arrival. 

20. Copy of the above. 

21. Notes on the exchange of money with Ireland, and of what 
might be consequent on the establishment of a bank for change of 
Irish monies. 

22. Adam Loftus, Archbishop of Armagh, to Cecill. For a new 
warrant for his brother of the rectory of Dunboyne. The first fruits 
of the deanery of St. Patrick's. Report that many godly and 
learned preachers are deprived of their livings for not wearing such 
apparel as the rest do. Arguments to urge Cecill to espouse their 
cause. Desires a few lines. Doctor Wm. Walshe, late Bishop of 
Meath, committed to Dublin Castle on July 13 by virtue of the 
Ecclesiastical Commission. Sends a goshawk and a tarsell. 

23. Lord Justice Arnold to same. Will not write till he receive 
answer to his last letters. Hopes to have an opportunity shortly to 
speak with Cecill, when he will open many necessary matters which 
he cannot commit to writing. 

24. Same to the Privy Council. The manner of the conclusion 
taken with O'Reilly. Readiness of the country to proceed against 
him Desires that his men may have more speedy despatch. 

24. i. Conclusion or order between O'Reilly, Hugh and Edmund 
his sons, and the English Pale. Promising to make restitution 
of the hurts done, and also to follow up Cahir O'Reilly. With 
the names of the hostages. June 30, Mynterconaghe. Latin. 

25. Memoranda for the causes of Ireland by Sir W. Cecill. 

26. Matthew Kyng, Clerk of the Check, to Cecill. Showing the 
saving effected in the wages of the garrison. No musters taken as 
yet. Incloses, 

26. I. Book of the numbers of the garrison in pay at the coming 
of Sir Nicholas Arnold, 156|, Feb. 13. The number discharged, 
&c. The number remaining at present in service. July 20. 


July 21. 
July 22. 

July 24. 

July 25. 

July 28. 

July 28. 
Beind Borb. 

XIV - 

27. Certain matters wherewith to charge the Earls of Ormond 
and Desmond. 

28. Petition of William] Pers, captain of Carrickfergus, to the 
Queen, for patent of his office for life, the addition of 100 men, 
together with the customership of Carrickfergus. Referred to Sir 
H. Sydney's report. 

29. Patent to Sir Owen O'Sullivan (O'Sullivan Beare) granting 
to him his lands in Ireland. Latin. 

30. Memorial of matters to be despatched for Ireland. The 
Earls ; the prize wines of Youghal. John of Desmond to be sent to 
England. O'Donnell. Draycott. Sir Thos. Cusake. Letters to 
O'Reilly, O'Neill, &c. 

31. Matthew Kyng, Clerk of the Check, to Cecill. The state of 
the army in 156|, Feb. 13. The numbers discharged, newly 
entered, and now remaining. Trifling inaccuracy in the note last 
sent (July 20). Incloses, 

31. i. Book of the numbers of the garrison in pay at the coming 
of the Commissioners Wrothe and Arnold in 156|, Feb. 13. 

32. Shane O'Neill to the Queen. His fervent desire to perform 
some acceptable service, and the letters of the Earl of Leicester and 
Sir W. Cecill lead him to attack the Scots. The manner of the 
conflict on the 2nd of May. The hurts done by the Scots to the 
O'Neills in time past. Enormous ransoms. The Earl of Argyleand 
the Lords of the Isles have written to him strongly, by the Queen 
of Scots' authority, for the release of the Scots, to which he has 
answered that he cannot deal therein until he know his own Queen's 
mind. His fidelity to Her Majesty. He desires his affairs may be 
settled. His claim to Boile Griffin [Belgriffin]. Earnest solicitation 
for Capt. Stucley's pardon. Latin. 

33. Auditor Win. Dyxe to Cecill. Nothing done in furtherance of 
the Commission since March 9. New Commissioners lately sent into 
all the baronies and burroughs of the English Pale to make inquiry 
of the disorders of the garrisons. Mr. Treasurer Fytzwylliams 
delivered his account book, July 16. Dyxe and the attorney have 
examined it by the warrants and acquittances. Mr. Auditor Crofte 
will certify the state of the revenues as they be now answered, and 
the like for King Edward's time. The Lord Justice does not sanction 
Dyxe's departure. Particulars of a warrant that Nicholas Fytz- 
simonds, merchant, has obtained for money rather due to Capt. Heron 
than to the merchant. Inclosing, 

33. I. The Clerk of the Check's certificate of the numbers of the 
garrison at the coming of Sir Nicholas Arnold, Feb. 1563/4, and 
also of so many as be yet remaining. 

[July.] 34. Petition of Sir Maurice Fitzgerald of Dromaney, to the Queen, 
against the impositions, services, exactions, and demands made 
by the Earl of Desmond on his territory called the Decies, which 

July 31. 




Fitzgerald holds as of fee, and answerable to the Queen only. He 
has repaired to Her Highness's presence on account of the question of 
the Earls. He desires to be referred to such as it shall please Her 
Majesty, to whom he may make particular declaration of his 

[July.] 35. Interrogatories to be ministered on the behalf of the 
Queen's Majesty relative to the conflict between the Earls of Ormond 
and Desmond. 

July. 36. Note of the officers, gunners, and artificers in the charge of 

Jacques Wingfeld, Master of the Ordnance. 

[July or 37. A brief note of the matters objected by the Earl of Ormond 
Aug.] against the Earl of Desmond. 

Aug. 6. 38. Interrogatories relative to the Earl of Desmond's treasons 
and contempts, to be put to the Earl of Sussex, the Lord Presi- 
dent of Wales Sir H. Sydney, Sir Henry Radeclyff, and Francis 

Aug. 8. 39. The answer of the Earl of Sussex, the Queen's Lieutenant of 
Ireland, to certain articles delivered to him by Her Highness' most 
honourable Privy Council, testifying his certain knowledge that 
proclaimed traitors were maintained by the Earl of Desmond ; that 
he has refused to deliver up offenders ; that he aided the rebels 
against the Earl of Thomond ; that no Governor of Ireland ever 
before allowed the Earls of Desmond to invade Sir Maurice Fitz- 
gerald ; that the Earl of Desmond has nothing to do with the Decies. 
Spoils done to the Earl of Ormond by the Earl of Desmond. Des- 
mond never served the Queen at any time, Ormond always. Violence 
of the Desmonds against the Lord Roche, Lord Barry, Lord Fitz- 
maurice, Teig M'Cormac McCarthy, Sir Maurice Fitzgerald, and 
others. Desmond kept Sussex waiting three weeks at Waterford, 
and refused to appear before him at Dublin. 

Aug. 8. 40. The answer of Sir Henry Sydney, Lord President of Wales, 
to certain articles delivered to him by the Privy Council. Decla- 
rations as to the general conduct of Ormond and Desmond. 

Aug. 8. 41. The declaration of Sir Henry Radeclyff, Her Majesty's Lieu- 
tenant of the King's and Queen's counties, in answer to the articles 
delivered to him by the Privy Council, agreeing in tenor witli the 
above of the Earl of Sussex. 

Aug. 8. 42. Answer of Francis Agarde to certain articles, whereunto he 
was commanded by the Lords of the Privy Council to answer. Very 
similar to the foregoing. 

Aug. 9. 43. Mat. Kyng, Clerk of the Check, to Cecill. None of the soldiers 

Dublin. O f Irish birth that exceeded the five have been discharged out of 

the bands, by the Commissioners. Musters only once taken. 

Relates his loss of the constableship of Dungarvan, and the loss of 

300. for leases of the parsonages of the Newcastle, Kylmatalwaye, 



and Malahidert, which -were restored to St. Patrick's by Queen 
Mary, and his leases made void. He desires Cecill's letter to the 
Lord Justice, for 761. to be paid upon his entertainment, that he may 
pay it over into the Exchequer and have his bonds discharged, 
otherwise he will be utterly ruined. Incloses, 

43. i. Note of the charges of the garrison now in pay, from 1560 
May 24, to 1565, July 31. 

Aug. 23. 44. Sir Wm. Fytzwylliams to Cecill. Obstinacy of the Lord 
Thomas Court. Justice in waging war with O'Reilly. He demands as hostages certain 
within Shane O'Neill's fastnesses which it is impossible for O'Reilly 
to get at. Notable conversation between the Lord Justice and Hugh 
O'Reilly. Greatness of O'Neill. Queen of Scots has written to 
O'Neill for James M'Donnell. Earl of Argyle, M'Alayne, and 
others, of the out isles, coming over. Dean of Armagh goeth into 
England from O'Neill. O'Conors and O'Mores. Ireland is not 
known to every man for a year or two's trial. Account. Slanders 
propagated by Arnold. Fytzwylliams has had a fever. James 
M'Donnell reported to be dead. Ten or twelve galleys lie upon 
the north coast well manned. 

Aug. 23. 45. M. Kyng to same, as to the wages due to the army, checks, 

Dublin. &c. 

Aug. 23. 46. Sir Thomas Cusake to same. Sends the indenture of Sir 
Dublin. Maurice Fitzgerald of the receipt of pledges delivered to his safe 
keeping. O'Neill sends the Dean of Armagh with presents to the 
Queen. The Dean would well be made Bishop. Very requisite 
that O'Neill's creation and requests were ended. The Queen to 
write a letter of thanks to O'Neill for his good service, with reward. 
Munster. The case of the two Earls to be so ended as the offender 
have condign punishment. Has been stayed from going into Munster 
through extreme sickness. Incloses, 

46. I. A bill indented for the pledges delivered to Sir Maurice 
Fitzgerald, sheriff of the county of Cork. 1564, Aug. 20. 

August 24. 47. Eruptions to be provided and bought for ready money, for the 
furniture of the realm of Ireland. Proportion of ordnance, artillery, 
and munition. A note of the carts. Parcels brought back because 
the ship was not able to stow them. 

August [24.] 48. A proportion of ordnance and munitions for Ireland, to be 
conveyed by land and sea, subscribed by Edward Randolfe. 

[August 24.] 49. Remembrance for certain stores to be delivered to the Master 
of the Ordnance in Ireland ; with a note of such munition as 
remains there. 

August 25. 50. Shane O'Neill to the Privy Council. Received the Privy 

Fedan. Council's letters of June 25 on August 12, desiring to be informed 

of the manner of the service against the Scots, the victory and the 

captives. The Dean of Armagh despatched to make known the 

same. James M'Donnell is dead. Sorley Boy is still in captivity. 



The captives are kept in the most secure places. 700 or 800 Scots 
were slain. All the towns and castles of the Scots are now in the 
Queen's possession. The Scots all expelled the kingdom. O'Neill's 
opinion as to a chief governor. Praise of Sir N. Arnold. Hopes 
Sir H. Sydney will be as good. Latin. 

August 25. 51. Shane O'Neill to Cecill. Reasons for his attack on the Scots. 
Fedan. Sends the Dean of Armagh to relate the whole transaction. Latin. 

August 26. 52. Wm. Dyxe to same. Has framed a brief estimate of sperate 

Dublin. and good debts due to the Queen. Arnold's refusal to certify the 

same presently. Neither the checks of the captains nor the accounts 

of the victuallers determined. The annual subsidy of 13s. 4<d. on 

every plough land for ten years will determine in Sept. 1566. 

August 28. 53. Sir W. Fytzwylliams to same. Desires that James Lokwod, 
Lessenhall. prisoner at York for the robbery of his uncle Thomas Lokwod, the 
late Dean of Christchurch, Dublin, may be sent into Ireland, 200?. 
found upon him, as a debt to Her Majesty. 

August 28. 54. Christopher Barnewall to same. Has a grant of the wardship 

Dublin. of the Lord of Dunsany's heir. Desires to have the wardship from heir 

to heir till one come to full age, whereby he may be put in security 

of having one of his daughters preferred by means of one or other of 

the heirs. Suit for the Mastership of the Rolls. 

August 29. 55. Lord Justice and Commissioners for Checks to the Privy 
Dublin. Council, in answer to their letters to Arnold, to be certified of the 
state of the treasury, the numbers of the garrison at his coming 
over, and other particulars. Allege the same to be impossible till they 
have a book of Mr. Treasurer's account from the commencement of 
the Queen's reign. Desire the Council to command Mr. Treasurer 
Fytzwylliams to deliver the same. Captains Heron and Wingfeld 
to be sent back to answer as to checks. Mr. Dyxe shall return 
presently. About 6,000?. or 7,000?. sperate debts. Captain Girton 
has slipt away without giving security. Inclose, 

55. i. Book of the numbers of the garrison in pay at the coming 
of Sir N. Arnold. The numbers discharged, at present in pay, 
and yet to be discharged. By M. Kyng. 

August 29. 56. Lord Justice and certain of the Council to the Privy Council, 
Dublin. i n furtherance of the suit of Christopher Barnewall, for the successive 
wardships of the heirs of the Lord Dunsany. 

August 31. 57. Lord Justice Arnold to same. Shane O'Neill has put a ward 
of his own, into the Castles of the Newry and Dundrum. Complaints 
of the preys taken, while O'Neill was in England. O'Neill jealous 
of Arnold. O'Neill is like enough shortly to get more into his 
possession, than Her Majesty would think meet. Money and 
munition to be sent. Old O'Reilly died the last of August at 
Ardbraccan. Incloses, 




57. i. Lord Justice Arnold to O'Neill. Complaint of Sir N. 
Bagenall's men as to his violent entry at the Newry. Arnold's 
praises of O'Neill. Desires O'Neill to restore the castle of the 
Newry. Credence to the bearers Sir Patrick Dor die the prcecentor of 
Armagh, and Symon Barnewall, gent. Aug. 27, Dublin. Latin. 

57. II. An estimate by Mr. Surveyor Michael Fytzwylliams, both 
of the time of the decays of the manor place of Kilmainham, and 
the money necessary to repair it. The mills and wears there. 

August ? 58. Petition of Oliver Stephens of Dublin, merchant, to the Privy 
Council. Complains that John Plunket, Esq., Chief Justice of the 
Bench, and James Stanyhurst, Recorder of Dublin, detain from him 
the manor of Kilsalgham in the county of Dublin, and a mill called 
the Poll Mill. Stephens doubting justice prayeth letters to the Lord 
Lieutenant and Council to hear and determine his suits. 

Sept. 2. 59. Henry Draycott, Auditor, to Cecill. Returns thanks for his 
Dublin. goodness towards him. 

Sept. 5. 60. Emptions of munition for Ireland, with the charges of trans- 

Sept. 8. 61. Petition of Walter Hope to [Cecill?] for restitution of his 
pension of 151. out of the possessions of Kilmainham. 

Sept. 8. 62. John Harepennye to Cecill. Has continued here in suit since 
England. Shrovetide. Begs that W. Pepparde's cause may not be referred to 

be heard with other common suits. Requires a letter referring the 

whole cause to Sir H. Sydney. 

Sept. 8 ? 63. Notes in Harepennye's hand touching his master W. Pepparde's 
England, suits, which he has been this five years and more following. 

Sept. 8 ? 64. Notes by Harepennye for Pepparde's suits. 


Sept. 12. 65. Earl of Desmond's submission to the Queen, to abide her 
determination and judgment in the sundry treasons, murders, &c., 
laid to his charge. 

66. Copy of the above. 

Sept. 14. 67. Sir Thomas Cusake, the Lords Roche and Curraghmore, John 

Cork. of Desmond and others to the Lord Justice and Council. They have 

concluded and agreed in one unity and concord to serve the Queen 

at all times, and have entered recognizances to preserve the peace in 

the west parts. 

Sept. 14. 68. Sir Thomas Cusake and other Commissioners in the west to 
Cork. the Lord Justice. Disorder of the country. Coming of John of 
Desmond at their request, accompanied with the Lord Fitzmaurice 
of Kerry, Thomas of Desmond, W. Burke, 100 horsemen and 400 
galloglas and kerne. Lords Barry and Roche. They will take order 
for the strict maintenance of peace and impose good fines. Piers 
Butler made a prey upon Shane M'Cragh, Sept. 7. John of 
Desmond is like to seek revenge. 


,-.. VOL. XIV. 


Sept. 15. 69. Sir Thomas Cusake to the Lord Justice. Tumultuous state 

Cork. o f Munster at his coming. Obedient conduct of John of Desmond, 

with whose assistance he will constrain Teig M'Cormac M'Carthy and 

others to come to him. Cusake will conclude for the fines and then 

go to Limerick. 

Sept. 16. 70. Sir Henry Sydney's simple opinion of what were meet to be 
done in the controversy between the Earls of Ormond and Desmond. 
Fines to be laid on them. Prize wines to be resumed. To be 
bound in a great sum to perform the order for the title of Kilfeakell 
and Killshelan. Desmond and Sir Maurice Fitzgerald to be bound 
to stand to order. Contributions for a President and Council of 

Sept. 22. 71. Opinion of the Earl of Sussex upon the submissions of the 
Earls of Ormond and Desmond. Has perused the copies of their 
books with certain other writings. Declares what he thinks of their 
doings. Desmond's, treason and murder by statutes referred to. 
Ormond's, a very justifiable offence. Orders to be taken with them. 

Sept. 22 ? 72. Memorandum for a certificate to be made by the Commissioners 
of what be the laws of Ireland, for wilful murder, arson, banners 
displayed, assembly with force, &c. 

Sept. 24. 73. Submission of the Earl of Ormond. Declares his peaceable 
intention in entering the country of Sir Maurice Fitzgerald. He 
will never stand in law against his dread Sovereign Lady, but 
humbly submits. 

Sept. 30. 74. Sir Thos. Cusake, Edward Fytzsymon, and Harry Davels to 
Cork. Cecill. Eelative to the fines laid on gentlemen in Munster. Incloses, 

74. I. Recognizance of Sir Maurice of Desmond of Sever, co. Cork, 
and Sir Maurice Fitzgerald of Dromeanny. The condition that 
Sir M. of Desmond pay his fine of 1001. August 19. 

74. ii. List of the fines. 

74. in. Sir T. Cusalce to Cecill. Recommends that the Earl of 
Desmond be dealt with as to the speedy payment of his fines, and 
that Sir Maurice be charged ivith the whole of the fines while he is 
in England, he being well able to pay. September 30. 

Sept. ? 75. Sir Thomas Cusake's certificate, declaring what security there 
is for payment of the fines assessed in Munster. 

Sept. 30 ? 76. Petition of Thomas Le Strange to the Queen, for a lease of 
41 years of certain lands in Westmeath which he has for 15 years 
to come. Also for the reversion of some other land in Westmeath 

Sept. 30 ? 77. Petition of Thomas Fytzwylliams of Meryonge to the Queen. 
Lands withholden from him by the Baron of Upper Ossory. Desires 
that a commission may be appointed to hear and determine his 



[Sept. 30.] 78. Petition of Francis Agarde to [the Privy Council ?] to com- 
mend him to the Queen for a lease of 41 years of 100. land, whereof 
the mills and wears of Kilmainham to be parcel. 

[Sept. 30.] 79. Petition of Thomas Jenyson to the Privy Council, to be 
restored to the office of auditor in Ireland, now usurped by Gabriel 
Crofte, servant to the late Lord Lieutenant Sussex. 

[Sept. 30.] 80. Petition of John Wakley, of the Navan, in the County of Meath, 
to the Queen, for the fee farm of St. Mary's, in Louth, the monastery 
of St. Mary, in Meath, and the manors of Demour and Derver, in 
Meath, all which he has at present on lease. 

[Sept. 30.] 81. Petition of Edward Moore to the Queen, for the fee farm of 
certain possessions of the late monastery of Mellifont, lying in certain 
towns, with the woods of Mellifont and Keeling, paying the accus- 
tomed rent, and a fine to be rated by the Council. 

[Sept. 30.] 82. Abstract of the particular suits, viz. : of the Earl of 
Clanrycard, Earl of Clancarr, Henry Draycott, Walter Pepparde, 
Sir Maurice Fitzgerald (bis), Wm. Leche, M'Caghwell, Thos. Le 
Strange, Wm. Pers (bis), Robt. Flemyng (dead), Sir Thomas 
Cusake, Thos. Fytzwylliams, Francis Agarde, Thomas Jenyson, 
Oliver Stevens (bis), John Wakley, Edward Moore, Sir Osborne 
Echingham, Geo. Frevell, Justice Plunket, Piers Walsh, O'More, 
Launcelot Alford, Robt. Loftus, Philip Butler alias Athlone 4 Edward 
Echingham, Christopher Barnewall. 


Oct. 3. 1. Declaration of Wm. Dyxe to the Privy Council, showing his 

service as auditor during his abode in Ireland. 

[Oct. 3.] 2. A book of the lands leased in Ireland by the Earl of Sussex, 
with declaration of increase of rents upon the same. Latin. 

[Oct. 5.] 3. Memoranda for the instructions of the Lord Deputy. The 
numbers in garrison in Ireland to be 882. 

Oct. 5. 4. Instructions for Sir Henry Sydney, Lord Deputy, and the 

Council. The Councillors. Laws and ordinances for mainte- 
nance of the Christian Faith. St. Patrick's. Commission for the 
government of the State Ecclesiastical. Upright execution of 
justice. Sheriffs in Leix, Offaley, and other counties. An exempli- 
fication of the statutes to be sent for printing. Laws to be newly 
enacted. Garrison, 882. Sydney's fee, 1,500?. Musters. Cesses. 
Mr. Marshal's Court for soldiers. Leix and Offaley. Irish Captains. 
A Council in Munster. Controversies between the Earl of Thomond 
and O'Briens to be heard. Statute against coin, livery, coshery, 



1565. VOL ' XV - 

Irish apparel, &c. Piracies. Revenue. Negligence of the officers 
of the Exchequer. Consideration to be had for a sure place to keep 
the Records. Debts. Concordatums. Knockfergus and Dublin 
Castles. Order that the Deputy and Council shall read their 
instructions once a quarter, and make a return to Her Majesty 

[Oct. 5.] 5. A special book, containing the rate of the fees and wages of 
the Deputy and garrison of Ireland, to be put in order by Sir 
H. Sydney within 15 days after his arrival. [Draft ; copy of the 
device of July 15.] 

Oct. 5. 6. A particular instruction to Sir Henry Sydney, to be used and 
communicated by him with such of the Council in Ireland as he 
shall think meet. O'Donnell. Shane O'Neill. O'Reilly. John of 
Desmond to be sent to England. Title of crown lands to be main- 
tained. Offices to be disposed. Sir Nic. Bagenall, Sir George 
Stanley, Thomas Jenyson, Crofte, Draycott. 

Oct. (6). 7. A brief note of all the Queen's Majesty's charge during the 
time of the government of the Earl of Sussex being 10^ years 
1555, April, to 1565, October, amounting to 255,423. sterling, or 
340,590L Irish. 

Oct. (6). 
Oct. 9. 


[Oct. 9.] 

Oct. 10. 


Oct. 10. 

Oct. 18. 

8. Copy of the above. 

9. Sir Henry Sydney to Cecill. Advertising Her Majesty's 
resolution in granting the private suits of Francis Agarde, Thomas 
Le Strange, Thomas Fytzwylliams, John Wakley, Edward Moore, 
and Sir Thomas Cusake. 

10. Memorandum of the private suits of the gentlemen of Ireland, 
viz. : Francis Agarde, Thomas Le Strange, Thomas Fytzwylliams, 
John Wakley, Edward Moore, and William Pers. Together with 
the draft of an instruction relative to Sir Thomas Cusake's suits. 

11. Lord Justice Arnold to Cecill. His readiness and ability 
to justify both his actions and writings. He desires Cecill not to 
credit any objections against him, till he be allowed to answer 

12. Adam Loftus, Archbishop of Armagh, to same. That St. 
Patrick's may be converted to the purposes of learning. The old 
Archbishop to be called home, as he is totally unwilling to further 
the project. He has written to Leicester, and with the Bishop of 
Meath to the Queen, on the subject. The bearer commended for 
honesty and learning. Suit for the rectory of Dunboyne. Cecill 
to beware of Johnson, who sueth for the bishoprick of Ossory. 

1 3. Thomas Bathe to same. Begs a speedy despatch in his suit. 
That the Queen will part with the 20?. rent and the reversion 
reserved to Her upon the gift by Henry VIII. of the writer's 
inheritance. Dark picture of his misfortunes. Reference to be 
made to Sir H. Sydney. 





Oct. 18. 


Oct. 22. 


Oct. 23. 


Oct. 23. 

Oct. 24. 


14. Certain Irish Lords, as Baltinglas, Slane, Trimletiston, Howth, 
and others to the Queen, in excuse of Sir N. Arnold and his govern- 
ment. Declare the quiet and profitable state of Ireland, and beg 
for Arnold's continuance. 

15. Sir W. Fytzwylliams to Cecill. He received on the 18th 
from the Lord Justice, the Privy Council's letters of September 20 
and 25. Denies undutiful behaviour towards the Lord Justice. Has 
not kept from Arnold any prest book to the captains, nor the book 
to charge the victuallers by. Will do as commanded concerning 
Wm. Pers of Knockfergus. Cecill's two letters of September 6. 
Thanks for favour. Has delivered to the Earl of Clancarr the 
robe and collar of "essys" [SS], according to the Queen's warrant 
of August 6. Shane O'Neill's seeking to possess O'Donnell's country. 
Piers Grace with 400 swords is on the borders of Leix. Has killed 
16 of Sir Edmund Butler's kerne. Mr. Cusake and his companion 
have not yet returned from Munster. Incloses, 

15. i. Richard, Earl of Clanryckerd, to Sir W. Fytzwylliams. 
O'Neill lias encamped in O'Rourke's country and 0' Conor Sligo's 
and M'Dermod's, and afterwards burned the corn and spoiled the 
whole country, carrying aivay 3,000 cattle. He required the tribute 
due in old time to kings, and would have it paid yearly. Clan- 
rycard's offer to act against him. Desires to know what the Lord 
Justice and Council will determine. Oct. 15. Balloughreugh . 

1 6. Sir W. Fytzwylliams to the Privy Council. Has received their 
Lordships' letters. Refutation of the things laid to his charge by 
the Lord Justice and others of the Council. He will be able on 
Alford's return to give to the Lord Justice his whole account. He 
delivered prest books, to charge both captain and victualler, on the 
arrival of Wrothe and Arnold. He could not give the original 
warrants to Arnold till his accounts were passed. His readiness to 
assist the Lord Justice and Commissioners. He will attend to the 
directions touching Wm. Pers. 

17. The Queen to Sir Geo. Stanley. Has appointed Sir H. 
Sydney Deputy ; Sir Nicholas Bagenall appointed to serve as 
Marshal as he had done before Stanley was appointed. Does not 
mislike Stanley's service, nor credit the complaints against him. 

18. The Queen's instructions to Sir H. Sydney touching the suits 
of Francis Agarde, Esq., Thomas Le Strange, Thomas Fytzwylliams, 
John Wakley, Edward Moore, and Wm. Pers. 

[Oct. 24.] 19. Effect of the petition of Thomas Fytzwylliams, of Holm- 
patrick, to Her Majesty, for the reversion of the late dissolved house 
of Holmpatrick. 

[Oct. 24.] 20. Extent of the manor of Holmpatrick, being 621. 17s. 3d., by 
Michael Fytzwylliams taken 1564/5, March 4. 


1565. VOL. XV. 

Oct. 2-k 21. A proportion of munition to be presently sent into Ireland, 
drawn by Jaques Wingfeld, Master of the Ordnance, with CecilFs 

[Oct. 25.] 22. Estimate of the charges of the Sacar for two months, viz. : 
August 21 to October 16 ; signed by Benjamin Gonson. Also of the 
victualling of the said ship by Edward Baeshe. 

Oct. 25. 23. Lord High Treasurer Winchester to Sir H. Sydney. Has 
paid to Sydney's servant, Owen More, 11,OOOZ., parcel of the 
12,OOOZ. contained in his privy seal. Sydney to sign and seal the 
indentures, and return them by the bearer. 

Oct. 26. 24. Agnes Suckley, widow to Sir Win. Fytzwylliams, Vice-Trea- 
London. surer in Ireland, prays he will devise some way that she may have 
payment of the money which Sir Geo. Stanley owes her. 

Oct. 27. 25. Lord High Treasurer Winchester to Lord Deputy Sydney. 
Forwards Mrs. Suckley 's letter to Sir W. Fytzwylliams. Begs he 
will take order for so much of Sir G. Stanley's money to be stayed 
in her favour. Sends the two bills indented for the 11,000/., for 
Sydney to seal and subscribe one, and return both. Money 

Oct 27. 26. Memorandum of the Order in Council, wherein the Earls of 

AtWestininster. Ormond and Desmond agreed to enter into recognizances of 20,000. 

each, to stand to such order for their controversies as Her Majesty 

shall think good. The order to be declared in writing under the 

Great Seal, within two years. 

Oct. 27. 27. Lord Justice Arnold to Sir W. Cecill ; for James Barnewall, 
Dublin. Esq., the Attorney General, to supply Mr. Dyxe's place for the 
despatch of the Commission. 

[Oct. 27.] ' 28. Suits of Shane O'Neill to the Queen. All the articles of 
the peace concluded with Sir Thomas Cusake to be observed. The 
Earldom of Tyrone to be conferred on him upon trial thereof in 
Parliament. To have the town of Ballygryffine [Belgriffin] within 
the English Pale. To have maintenance of living within the English 
Pale when he comes to attend the Parliament. Aid for him against 
the Scots and other enemies. To suspend credence to untrue tales 
till they be tried. [Perhaps 22 Nov.] 

[Oct. 27.] 29. Answer of the Earl of Sussex to Walter PepparJe's suits, 
showing his reasons for objecting to Pepparde's demands. 

[Oct. 27.] 30. The answer of Walter Pepparde to the bill of allegations, put 
in against him by the Earl of Sussex. 

[Oct. 27.] 31. An extract of the lease of the mines gi anted to Walter 
Pepparde by the late Queen Mary. 

Oct. 27. 32. The Queen to the Lord Deputy Sydney, to examine the 
state of the demands of Walter Pepparde, Esq. now deceased, and 



._... ... 


Oct. 28. 

Oct. 28. 



to cause certificate to be returned of the truth thereof ; and what he 
shall think meet for Her Majesty to do for his widow, in equity and 

33. Conditions of the recognizances of the Earls of Ormond and 
Desmond. Also orders to be taken with the Earls, to deliver in to 
the Queen their demands in writing, to name offenders, and give 

34. Certificate by John Howe, of hurts committed by John of 
Desmond and Piers Grace, with other rebels of Leix and Offaley, 
against the counties of Kilkenny and Tipperary since 1565, April 1. 

35. Queen Elizabeth to Sir H. Sydney Lord Deputy and to the 
Lord Chancellor of Ireland. Warrant to make a sufficient grant of 
the late abbey and site of Dunbrody to Edward Echingham, Esq., 
and his heirs in fee simple. 

Nov. 4. 36. Cecill to Sydney in favour of the bearer Mr. Thomas 

Nov. 4. 37. Same to same. Has imparted his letters with the bill for 
Westminster, the sheriffs, to the Lord Keeper and others of the Council, and 
Sydney's private bill to the Lord Keeper Sir Nicholas Bacon and the 
Lord Leicester. Terence Danyell, the Dean of Armagh, will return 
shortly, at which time there shall be more certain instructions for 
dealing with Shane O'Neill. Wishes health and strength to Lady 
Sydney, that she may " whan you both shall thynk mete, follow 
your Lordship." Favour to be shown to Brian Fytzwylliams. 

Nov. 9. 38. Same to same, in favour of the bearer Cecill's cousin Brian 
Westminster. Fytzwylliams. To mitigate extremities in the ordering of his 
checks set upon him. 

Nov. 10. 39. Privy Council to Shane O'Neill. Received his letters of Aug. 
25 by the Dean of Armagh. Rejoice in the fortunate success that 
crowned his honourable intention in attacking the Scots. Recom- 
mend him to adhere to the fidelity of his Sovereign, and to follow 
the counsel of the Lord Deputy Sydney, who has commission to 
confer with him on the government of Ulster. The Dean will 
declare to him further as to his private causes. Latin. 

Nov. 10. 40. The Queen to the Lord Deputy by Terence Danyell the Dean 
of Armagh. Letters with further instructions concerning Shane 
O'Neill's causes shall be despatched within few days. 

Nov. 10. 41. Certificate by John M'Cragh addressed to the Earl of Desmond, 
setting forth such hurts and damages as the Lord Barry More and 
his followers have committed on him and his followers since 1564/5 
Feb. 1. Also certificate by Gerrat Fitz John, Steward, as to Piers 
Butler and others taking 600 kine, &c. of the said John M'Cragh 's 
goods from " Glannyhyrry" by " Kyllmanyhin," Sept. 7. Indorsed, 
" Earl of Desmond, contra Earl of Ormond." 



Nov. 12. 

Nov. 14. 



42. The Queen to the Lord Deputy Sydney. Instructions to 
move Shane O'Neill to make his repair to him, to confer of such 
matters as have been promised to him, and for the settling of some 
good government of the north. Sydney may grant a safe conduct. 
O'Neill to answer all disorders committed since the last pardon, as 
his proceeding against the Scots without advising the Governor of 
his intention. His using them as his captives ; ransoming whom he 
listed ; taking into his own possession their castles and countries ; 
doing all things as though the countries and subjects were his own; 
his entry into the Newry and Dundrum, and his journey into Con- 
naught. His claims to be strictly scrutinized in Parliament. Sir 
Tlios. Cusake to be consulted. Copy of the articles sent. Mercy 
and favour. If O'Neill appear not dutiful Sydney to forbear to 
deal, and to let him remain as he doth, to receive that which he 
shall deserve. 

43. The same to Sir W. Fytzwylliams, Vice -Treasurer and 
Treasurer at Wars. Has established Sir H. Sydney as Lord Deputy 
in place of the Earl of Sussex, late Lord Lieutenant. Warrant to 
pay to the said Earl his entertainment and allowances until 1565 
Oct. 6, his allowance for his bands of horse and foot till 1564 June 
10 ; and also 100. Irish per annum for finding of the young Baron 
Delvin until Christmas next. 

Nov. 15. 

Nov. 20. 


44. [Lords of the Council?] to the Lord Deputy Sydney, to 
certify his opinion as to the posts, and whether the laid post or the 
through post be more convenient for the speedy conveyance of 
important letters. 

Nov. 17. 45. Lord High Treasurer Winchester to same. Sir G. Stanley, 
to allow him to deduct from his wages the amount of Mrs. 
Suckley's debt. Inclosing, 

45. I. A remembrance of 126?. 16s. 2d. due from Sir G. Stanley. 
Marshal in Ireland, to Agnes Suckley, of London, widow. 

46. Adam Loftus, Archbishop of Armagh, to the Earl of Leicester 
relative to the inclosed letter. Suspecting guile in the messenger, 
Loftus has sent his own man into Scotland to the Duke of Chatel- 
herault and the Earl of Argyle with letters. The messenger affirmed, 
that O'Neill and the Dean of Armagh had sent to the Queen of 
Scots a promise, that if she would now set upon the Protestants he 
would occupy the Earl of Argyle. Incloses, 

46. i. Counterfeit letter from James Hamylton the Duke of 
Chatelherault and the Earl of Argyle to the Archbishop of Armagh, 
desiring to know if there be any likelihood of the English making 
war on O'Neill. Losses by O'Neill's attack on James M'Donnell, &c. 

1565, Sept. 27, Dowenbrettan. 

47. The Queen to the Lord Deputy Sydney in favour of the 
Baron Delvin, now come to full age, and presently repairing to 
Ireland to possess the barony. To grant him the lease in reversion 
for 21 years of the Abbey of All Saints, and the captainship of- 
Slewghte William in the Annaley (Longford). 

Nov. 22. 




Nov. 22 ? 

Nov. 22. 


Nov. 22. 


Nov. 24. 


Nov. 28. 


Nov. 29. 

Dec. 1 


48. The Baron of Delvin's petitions to the Queen, for the 
reversion of All Saints and the captainship of Slewghte William. 

49. Recognizance of the Earl of Ormond in 20,000?., to abide 
such order in his controversies as Her Majesty shall prescribe. 

50. Recognizance of the Earl of Desmond in 20,OOOL, to abide 
such order in his controversies as Her Majesty shall prescribe. 

51. Lord Deputy Sydney to Cecill. Brian Fytzwylliams. 
The warrants for private suits brought by Mr. Agarde were not 
sufficient for Captain Pers's patent. Bishopricks of Ossory and 
Cashel not to be granted till Sydney writes out of Ireland. Loftus 
might have that, and Terence Danyell the Dean of Armagh, might 
then have Armagh. The Dean well able to direct Shane O'Neill. 
To be advised whether he shall address his answer to the Queen's 
letters to the Privy Council or to Her Highness. Did not receive 
the copy of Mr. Cusake's agreement. 

52. Sir W. Fytzwylliams to same. Captain Tyrrell and his 
friends spoiled of 600 or 700 cattle, by four of the O'Mores, who were 
taken in the last wars, by the Earl of Kildare. Garrot Nugent, 
uncle of Baron Delvin, slain. The wife of William Brady the Dean 
of Ardagh spoiled as she rode by the way, costly apparrelled. 
Miserable spoils in- Leix. Cosbie has written to the Lord Justice of 
much hurts in Kilkenny. O'Reilly. Munster. Cusake. O'Neill. 
The Council not permitted to write the truth of O'Neill's evil doings. 
Parts of Sir W. Fytzwylliams's letter to Cecill of 1565, Aug. 22, 
have been copied out, by some servant of Cecill's and sent to Arnold, 
who has shown the same about. Great hatred to Fytzwylliams the 
consequence. The Earl of Clancarr has written that he has money 
ready to pay the Queen. His bonds to be sent out of England. 

53. [Privy Council?] to the Lord Deputy Sydney. Relate the 
suit of Kedagh O'More, son of Rory O'More, sometime captain of 
Leix. Desire to be certified as to the manner of his father's death, 
why his lands were annexed to the Crown, and what were expedient 
for Her Majesty to do for him. 

54. Articles exhibited by Oliver Sutton of Richardston, gentle- 
man, to the Queen, relative to the needless war stirred up in Ireland 
on the departure of the Earl of Sussex. Arnold's empty vanity, 
inquiring at the Council Board, after taking the oath, if he should 
not have occasion to be in the field, as others before him had been. 
His wanton cruelty in driving the Calough O'Conor into rebellion ; 
and the said Calough's life ended, another war most wantonly 
stirred, by means of the Earl of Kildare 'a servant, Gerald Hussey, 
preying Cahir O'Reilly, son to O'Reilly. The indifference of Arnold 
to preserve peace. Great impoverishment of the English Pale 
thereby. Sutton imprisoned 16 weeks for complaining to Arnold of 
spoils taken of him. 



[Dec. 2.] 

Dec. 2. 


55. A book to be exhibited to the Lord Lieutenant against coin 
and livery, which the Earl of Kildare taketh with other the said 
Earl's enormities and abuses. [This book agrees in substance with 
the following articles by Oliver Button, and was no doubt written 
in Ireland some short time before.} 

56. Articles exhibited by Oliver Sutton to the Queen against 
the Earl of Kildare. Many great enormities committed by him 
since his restoration. The cause that the English Pale is impo- 
verished and made so unable to bear to the Queen's service. The 
desolation of all the English and faithful subjects everywhere in 
Ireland. The pride and rebellion of the Irishry, Their present 
unity and strength against the Prince. Sutton compelled by the 
Earl to forsake his ploughing and abide in Dublin or England for 
safety of his life. 

[Dec. 2.] 57. Petition of Oliver Sutton to the Queen, to cause his book 
of Enormities committed in the English Pale to be considered and 
redressed. Begs some relief in his present need. 

[Dec. 2.] 

Dec. 3. 

" Hylbry." 

Dec. 9. 

Dec. 11. 


Dec. 13. 


Dec. 13. 


58. Petition of Oliver Sutton of " Richardston in co. Kildare " to 
the Queen, for a fee farm or reversion of the late Augustine friary 
in the Naas, the custom of the Naas, the Nunnery of Kildare, 
&c., &c. And for a special commission to the Lord Deputy and 
Council to proceed in a final determination of lands, goods, and 
debts detained from him. 

59. Lord Deputy Sydney to Cecill. For credit to the bearer, 
Ralph Knight. No wind for Ireland. Sydney was never so weary 
of any place ; there is neither meat, drink, nor good lodging. 

60. Memorandum of the requests of Oliver Sutton. His book to 
be considered, protection for his person. Favourable letters to Lord 
Deputy. Despatch. 

61. The Queen to the Lord Deputy. Returning to him O. Sutton, 
with his books exhibited of disorders, which too directly touch 
the Earl of Kildare. Sydney to examine, and return certificate, 
of what is most convenient for Her Majesty to judge of every 
article in the said book. To provide for security of Sutton's life 
from those persons he is in fear of, on account of his information. 
Sydney to send his opinion, as to Sutton's suits for certain leases. 
Also to take order for Sutton's demands of goods and lands. 

62. Adam Loftus, Archbishop of Armagh, to Cecill. Has re- 
ceived three letters from Scotland from the Earl of Argyle, which, 
with two counterfeit letters, he has sent to the Earl of Leicester. 

63. Same to the Earl of Leicester. Sends his letters of November 
20. His man has returned out of Scotland from the Earl of 
Argyle. The suspected letters were counterfeit. The messenger 
who brought them is confined in Dublin Castle. If the Queen 



would grant Argyle the petitions in his letters he would serve her 
in Ireland with 4,000 men for six weeks at his own charge. 
Argyle's petition for Cormac O'Conor. Loffcus desires instructions. 

63. I. Earl of Argyle to the Archbishop of Armagh. Received 
his letter of October 21. James M'Donnell was Ar gyle's friend 
and servant. The letter whereof Armagh wrote to him counterfeit. 
Knavery of the messenger. The bearer John Douglas, Armagh's 
man, will relate particulars at full. Douglas to have credit. The 
cause moving Argyle to speak of war against O'Neill was the 
disobedience of O'Neill to God and his Princess. The Duke of 
Chatelherault, the Earls of Murray, Glencairn, and Rothes, with the 
Lord Uchiltre (Ochiltre) and others are gone into England to seek 
aid of the Queen there. Argyle and Boyd alone remain in the 
mountains, set upon on all sides. Argyle desires to be furnished 
by Queen Elizabeth with four or two good and well furnished ships 
of war. John Knox has informed Argyle of Armagh's fervency. 
Religion the only cause of Argyle's distresses. Incloses Copy of the 
general Protestation of the Scots' Nobility and Congregation 
professing the right religion. November 18, Dunnune (Dunoon). 
[The inclosed protestation is wanting ; but see a copy dated Dum- 
fries, 1565, September 19, and inclosed in a letter from Randolphe 
to Leicester of 1565, October 4, in the Scottish series of Elizabeth, 
xi. 59.] 

63. n. Earl of Argyle to the Archbishop of Armagh. To 
return answer. To seek Queen Elizabeth's aid for him,. Three or 
four, or even two good ships, with munition. Sir H. Sydney, who 
is of Argyle's own religion, to be saluted. 1565, Nov. 1 8, Dunnune 
(Dunoon). Incloses, 

63. in. A letter counterfeited [to be from the Lord Justice 
Arnold and Council of Ireland to the Earl of Argyle, to induce 
him to come into Ireland and attack Shane O'Neill, and release 
James M'Donnell and Sorley Boy. 1565, August 4, Dublin. 

63. iv. Earl of Argyle to the Archbishop of Armagh in favour 
of Cormac O'Conor, son of O'Conor of 0/aley, that he may have 
some part of his father's lands. 

November 18, Dunnune (Dunoon). 

Dec. 13. 64. Requests of the Earl of Desmond to the Queen, touching the 
order Her Highness thinketh to take between him and the Earl of 
Ormond, viz., relative to the second, third, fourth, and twelfth 

Dec. 17. 65. The Queen to the Lord Deputy Sydney and to Sir Nicholas 
A.rnold. O'Reilly's debt of 1,169?. Irish to the Earl of Sussex and 
other debts to be levied. Sussex sends officers over to pay his 
debts. Commissioners to be appointed to receive instalments and 
pay them over to Sussex's creditors after the return of the officers. 


Vox, XV. 

Dec. 17. 66. Lord Deputy Sydney to Cecill. Sydney and his wife have 
Beaumaris. passed 30 days " flitting " from place to place on the coast. Divers 

barks with Sydney's goods put to sea. One cast away at Wyrchyng- 

ton in Cumberland, with seven of his best horses and much stuff. 

Another missing. Sydney's letter to the Lord Treasurer to be 

delivered ; it concerns lead for Ireland. 

Dec. 18. 67. Requests of Sir Maurice Fitzgerald to the Privy Council, 
touching the order to be taken between the Earl of Desmond and 
him. The Earl not to be at liberty to invade and spoil his country 
in warlike manner. 

Dec. 20. 68. Bequests of the Earl of Desmond to the Queen, touching 
the orders Her Highness thinketh to take between him and Sir 
Maurice Fitzgerald, Knight. 

Dec. 23. 69. Cecill to Lord Deputy Sydney. Sorry for Sydney's long 
stay, trouble, charge, and losses. The Queen sorry. Cannot procure 
a further warrant for Captain Pers, of Knockfergus, for the French 
ambassador has complained of his using a Frenchman ill, taken at 
the Isle of Wight. Friendly atonement made between the Earls of 
Leicester and Sussex, and the like with the Duke of Norfolk. All 
the restless troubles of this court grow of fond reports. The Queen 
offended at a message sent by the Earl of Leicester to Mr. Heneage 
by Laighton, and with Laighton for doing it. The Commissioners 
for Scotland shall go but to the borders. Mr. Rambullett to go into 
Scotland with the order for the King there. Strange despatched 
from the Emperor at Vienna, November 30. The matter too hard 
and too high for Cecill's capacity. Bishoprick of Ossory and Cashel. 
Letters directed to Elizabeth, Cecill never opens without her presence 
and assent. Opens those directed to the Council. Even this night 
the Queen hath used the Earl of Leicester well. Incloses, 

69. i. Letters Patent of the Queen, accepting Shane O'Neill, and 
ratifying clauses of articles concluded by Sir Thomas Cusake, 
November 18, 1563. Latin. 1563/4, January 15, Windsor. 

Dec. [24.] 70. Requests of the Earl of Ormond to the Privy Council, 
touching the order to be taken between him and the Earl of Desmond. 
John of Desmond to be delivered into the Lord Deputy's hand, till 
all the malefactors be brought in. Sufficient pledges for restitution. 
Desmond shall not enter Tipperary. Prize wines of Youghal and 
Kinsale. Orniond's farms in Limerick to be restored. 

Dec. 24. 71. Orders taken by the Queen in the causes of the Earls of 
Westminster. Ormond and Desmond. 

Dec. 24. 72. Orders taken by the Queen in the causes of the Earls of 

Westminster. Ormond and Desmond, and notified to both the said Earls. To 

proceed in Chancery for all lands, offices, slaughters, riots, breaches 

of peace, spoils, and all manner of offences and trespasses. After 

issue joined commissioners shall be appointed. Lands, &c. in 




doubtful possession at the time of the conflict to be in possession of 
indifferent persons. Peace to be kept. Fines for the breach of 
peace at the conflict. Both Earls to pay up all their debts to the 
Queen. Naming and delivery of malefactors. Desmond to put in 

Dec. 31. 73. Privy Council to Lord Deputy, to appoint unto Francis 
Westminster. Crockett, gentleman, 2s. English per diem out of some of the bands, 
in consideration of his great hurts in the wars of Henry VIII. and 
Edward VI. 

[Dec.] 74.' Memorandum of the arrearages remaining in the book of 

arrearages of 6 Eliz. to the account of the Earl of Ormond, with 
the Earl's answers to the different items. 

75. Memorandum of the Earl of Desmond's arrearages from the 
book of anno 6 Eliz., with divers other items. 

76. The answer of the Earl of Desmond, to the book of arrear- 
ages supposed to be due by him to the Queen's Majesty. 

77. Lord Treasurer Winchester's note, of men to serve in the 
offices of the Queen's Remembrancer and Treasurer's Remembrancer 
in Ireland. 

[1565.] 78. Orders or articles to be observed in the Exchequer in Ireland, 
concluded upon by Her Majesty, by the advice of her Council in the 
eighth year of her reign. 

79. Answer of Sir Maurice Fitzgerald, declaring the manner of 
the enlargement and escape of the several pledges delivered to him 
the summer before last by Sir Thomas Cusake. 

80. Note of the cess in the time of the Government of the Earl 
of Sussex, from 1556 to 1565. 

81. Certain notes of acts and good orders, to be made for the 
reformation of Ireland. [Mem. These appear to be the heads of 
the acts recommended by the skilful and well-chosen lawyers 
appointed by the Lord Lieutenant Sussex. See 1565/6, April 13, 
page 5.] 

82. Certain Acts to be made laws, to augment and increase the 
Queen's revenues. [Probably of the same date, &c. as the above.] 

83. Petition of Katharine Cuffe, of Waterford, widow, to the 
Queen. Prays, in consideration of the services of her late husband, 
Captain Cuffe, to have a grant of the monastery of Selsker, with 
the manor of Depes, or else the fee farm of the priory of Innistioge. 

1565 ? 84. Petition of Piers Walshe, of the Grange, in the county of 
Kilkenny, to the Privy Council, for pardon of the arrearages of 
three years' rent of the Abbey of Owney, as Donald O'Mulryan, clerk, 
with the assistance of Sir John of Desmond, has kept him out of 




1565 ? 85. Memorial for Ireland. Treasure. Bishops. Chancellor. 

1565? Map of Munster. This map, which has many additions by Sir 

W. Cecill till about 1582, was evidently drawn about 1565, and 
after McCarthy More was made Earl of Clancarr (June 24, 1565), 
and while Cecill still called M'Donough More " a follower of 
M'Carthy More." [Irish maps, Vol. I., No. 6, and printed State 
Papers, Vol. //.] 

1565 ? 86. An order of the Irishry in finding the Englishmen that are 

put upon them. 

87. Note of money defalked, saved, &c. on the captains, pay- 
masters, and victuallers, by Mr. Bermyngham. 


Jan. 1. 

Jan. 5. 


1. Lord Justice Arnold to Cecill. Arnold and his associates in 
check matters, have sent to the Queen a letter touching Sir William 
Fytzwylliams's checks, &c., with a book thereof. All the captains 
have dealt untruly with the Queen. A new governor expected long 
ago. No money. The state grows daily into more peril. Charges 
of Arnold's household. Arnold begs for money before his return; 
and hopes his service may be considered with a reward. 

2. Orders made by the Queen, with the advice of her Privy 
Council, for peace to be kept between the Earl of Desmond and Sir 
Maurice Fitzgerald, declared to either of them, and by Her Majesty 
commanded to be kept, upon pain of displeasure and such punish- 
ment as shall be found meet. 

Jan. 5. 3. Copy of the above. 

Jan. 5. 4. Privy Council to the Lord Deputy 'Sydney. The examinations 

of the controversies between the Earls of Ormond and Desmond. 
The want of perfect and due proof of the circumstances. Sydney 
to consider the particular points of the controversies, and with the 
Council and others of skill to devise means for some good conclusion. 
Exhortation to care, industry, and speed. 

Jan. 7. 5. The Queen to the Lord Deputy. The Earls of Ormond 
Westminster, and Desmond are reconciled and licensed to depart towards Ireland, 
and to confer with the Deputy. The Earl of Desmond not to 
depart from Dublin until he pay that which he oweth, both to the 
Queen and her subjects. Safeguard to be provided for the Earl of 
Desmond to come and go. The murderers of his uncle, Sir Maurice 
Fitz Desmond, to be tried and punished. 



1566. VOL. XVI. 

Jan. 8. 6. The Queen to the Lord Deputy. Has been informed by the 

Earl of Ormond and Sir Maurice Fitzgerald of the spoils done by 
John of Desmond, both upon their own tenants and possessions and 
upon Her Majesty's at Dungarvan. No information from the Lord 
Justice. Spoils in the English Pale. Sydney to redress such 
outrages, and to inform what had been done for the punishment 
thereof before his coming. 

Jan. 8. 7. Same to same. That the Earl of Ormond may be answered 
certain money appointed unto him by warrant of the Justice and 
Council, leviable within the counties of Limerick and Waterford, 
for service against the Mores and Conors. 

Jan. 8. 8. Same to same. Difficulties in the examination of the contro- 
[Westminster.] versies between Ormond and Desmond, Submission. Recognizances. 
The Earls have entered into an agreement to stand by the decision 
of the Court of Chancery, betwixt- this and Michaelmas come 
twelve months. Orders. Sydney and Council to consider means, 
for the execution of the orders and reducing the Earls to obedience 
and concord. The like for the controversies between the Earl of 
Desmond and Sir Maurice Fitzgerald. Both Earls to make full 
payment to the Queen, of the money they owe for rent, or have 
borrowed. Captain William Pers to have the constableship of 
Knockfergus by patent, with 20 soldiers. Sir N. Arnold to make 
his speedy repair to court, to make some report of the state of 

Jan. 9. 9. Lord Deputy Sydney to Cecill. Loss of one of his ships, with 
Holyhead. 500Z. worth of stuff. Sickness of his- most sufficient and faithful 
servant, William Thwayttes, of tympany and dropsy. Great like- 
lihood of a wind. 

Jan. 9. 10. Same to same. Has written divers particulars to the Earl of 

Holyhead. Leicester. All the shipping at Chester and Liverpool cast ashore. 
The stone pier at Chester overthrown. On departing from the 
marches, Sydney left Mr. Throckmorton Vice President of the 
Council there. To speak to the Lord Treasurer for a new warrant 
for the old lead at Beaumaris. Commendations to the Lady Cecill 
and Lady Bacon. 

Jan. 9. 11. Same to Sir Nicholas Throckmorton. Begs he will excuse his 
Holyhead. delay if haply some unfriendly report should be made of it. 

Jan. 10. 12. Memorandum of the writings delivered to Crocket in a 
packet to Sir H. Sydney. 

Jan. 11. 13. Lord Treasurer Winchester to the Lord Deputy. Earl of 
Desmond hath taken his leave of the Queen and nobility, to depart 
to Ireland. He has taken a good order with all his creditors. 
Prays Deputy will give order to Mr. Treasurer to receive money for 
Henry Campion, &c. 



Jan. 12. 

Jan. 17. 

Castle of 


14. Privy Council to Lord Deputy in favour of Jaques Wingfeld 
now returning to his charge, with his requests and their Lordships' 
opinions thereon. 

15. George Harvy to Mr. Kyng, Clerk of the Check, to enter the 
bearer, William Gibson, in the room of Gregory Twydalle, late of 
his brother's band of horse, deceased. 

Jan. 21. 16. Lord Deputy Sydney and Council to Shane O'Neill. The 
Dublin. Deputy informs him of his arrival by Terence Danyell, the Dean of 
Armagh. In answer to his letters of the 8th inst., urges him to 
appoint a parley at Drogheda or Dundalk. Latin. 

Jan. 21. 17. Instructions from the Lord Deputy and Council to Terence 
Danyell, the Dean of Armagh, for his repair to Shane O'Neill, 
to announce the Lord Deputy's arrival and urge him to an 

Jan. 22. 18. Sir W. Cecill to the Lord Deputy in favour of his servant 
Westminster. Edmund Baname, for a lease of the Chantry of St. Saviours, with 
the appurtenances in the town of Ross. 

Jan. 26. 
Bend Borb. 

Jan. 30. 


Jan. 30. 

19. Shane O'Neill to the Lord Deputy Sydney and Council. 
Has received their letters by the Dean of Armagh. Commends 
Sir Nicholas Arnold's government. The Deputy to come to Dun- 
dalk on the 5th of February. Shane desires Sir Thomas Cusake may 
be there also. Latin. 

20. Lord Deputy and Council to Shane O'Neill. Send the 
bearers, Justice James Dowdall and Thomas Stucley, gent., at his 
special desire. Request Shane will certify whether he intends to 
meet Sydney at Dundalk, and to appoint a further day. Will award 
due punishment to the Rhymer of whom Shane complains. Latin. 

21. Instructions from the Lord Deputy and Council to James 
Dowdall, Esq., second Justice of Her Majesty's Bench, and Thos. 
Stucley, Esq., sent presently to Shane O'Neill according to his 
special request in his letters to Sydney of Jan. 26. The border 
causes to be settled by Commissioners. Cusake still in Munster. 
O'Neill to be urged to repair obediently to the Deputy for Her 
Majesty's resolution of his petitions. 

22. Draft of Instructions for the government of Munster ; devised 
for Sir Warhame Sentleger. [Possibly the book spoken of in Sydney's 
letter of 1565/6, March 1 & 5.] 

[Feb. 1.] 23. Estimate of charges for a President and certain Councillors 
to be established in Munster. Also a copy. 

[Feb. 1.] 24. Similar estimate. 

Feb. 3. 25. Privy Council to Lord Deputy in favour of Jaques Wingfeld. 
[Copy of the draft of Jan. 12.] 

Feb. 1. 




Feb. 5. 

Feb. 9. 

Feb. 18. 

Feb. 18. 

Feb. 24. 

Feb. 24. 


26. Shane O'Neill to the Lord Deputy and Council. Declines an 
interview with the Lord Deputy until the peace and his new petitions 
be finally determined. Will remain seven days on the confines for 
that to be accomplished. Urges Sydney to come to Dundalk for that 
purpose. Latin. 

27. Lord Deputy and Council to Shane O'Neill. The copy of the 
peace of 1563, Nov. 18, between Shane and Sir Thomas Cusake, 
which should have been brought from England by the Dean of 
Armagh, was left out of the bundle by some mischance, as the said 
Dean knows ; and Cusake who made the same peace is sick in 
Munster. Stucley and Dowdall will give Shane full satisfaction 
therein. The Deputy will only communicate with Shane in a con- 
venient place. Offers to sign a safe conduct. Latin. 

28. Privy Council to the Lord Deputy. Jaques Wingfeld, Esq. 
Master of the Ordnance, and his suits, recommended to Sydney's 
goodwill. Sydney to certify that which he shall think meet to be 
granted, denied, or forborn. Inclose, 

28. i. A writing subscribed by Jaques Wingfeld, Esq., with his 
requests, and the Lords' opinions thereon. [Somewhat altered 
from Cecill's corrected draft of Jan. 12.] 

29. Shane O'Neill to the Lord Deputy. Takes in good part 
Sydney's deferring to repair to the borders as to the peace. Form 
of the peace which Sir T. Cusake concluded with him, 1563, Nov. 18. 
Kelates the motives that would lead him to desire an interview with 
Sydney, and sends in writing the causes which induce him to keep 
back. Credence to be given to the relation of Stucley and Dowdall. 
Latin. [Signed, by Shane, 2l)jyj ONell. A copy of this letter was 
inclosed by Sydney to Leicester. March 1, No. 35. The seal of 
this letter has the dexter hand supported by two lions.'] Incloses, 

29. I. Causes moving Shane's people not to suffer him to come 
to the Lord Deputy's presence with such expedition as his Lordship 
requires. Also Shane's assurance to Sydney that he is not mis- 
trustful of him. Stucley and Dowdall commissioned with other 
of Shanes instructions. Feb., 18, Benborbe. English. Signed, 
but not "by Shane himself, your Lordship's loving Goshopp to 
commaunde 2t)jp ON ell. 

30. Lord Deputy and Council to Shane O'Neill. Answer 
Shane's mistrust. Sir Thomas Cusake, the Lord of Louth, and other 
Commissioners shall repair to the borders for ratification of the peace. 
Justice James Dowdall and the Dean of Armagh appointed to hear 
the hurts and other controversies on the borders. Shane's com- 
missioners to meet them at an appointed time. Sydney will be glad 
to meet Shane at Dundalk. The Rhymer complained of, denies 
having made any such verses. Latin. 

31. Sir W. Cecill to Lord Deputy, in favour of the bearer Sir 
Maurice Fitzgerald. Cecill sees good parts in him, and wishes his 
neighbours were all as civil as he seems. Has heard of Sydney's 
arrival. Hopes for letters soon. 




Feb. 28. 




March 1. 

March 1. 



32. Sir N. Arnold to the Earl of Leicester. Trusts in one month 
more to be able to send perfect books of the checks. The Queen to 
use some severe manner towards Mr. Treasurer. Bermyngham 
supposes 10,000?. to be left in his hands. Desires to be maintained 
to make a full end of the check matters. The Lord Deputy very 
honourably assists their doings, and is grown into much favour. 

33. Sir Nicholas Bagenall. to the same. Never knew the country 
so out of order. Robbing, stealing, and killing throughout the 
English Pale. The countries of the Walshes, Byrnes, and Tooles 
within four miles of Dublin, by robbery one of another almost 
throughout waste. Sir Warhame Sentleger appointed Lord Presi- 
dent of Munster. The Earl of Thomond. Clanrycard spoiled by 
Shane O'Neill. Shane O'Neill has now all the countries from Sligo 
to Carrickfergus, and from thence to Carlingford, and from Carling- 
ford to Drogheda. He hath made a sure bond with Scotland. 
Deputy has done all he can to bring Shane to quietness. Has sent 
Stucley and Dowdall twice, but Shane will never come to any 
governor, as may be seen by his answers to Stucley, which the Lord 
Deputy has sent by this bearer. Has won all by the sword and so 
will keep it. Weakness of the Chancellor and others. 

34. Sir W. Cecill to Lord Deputy, for the bearer, Mr. Chris- 
topher Gaffney, Chaplain to the Earl of Sussex, to be Bishop of 

35. Lord Deputy Sydney to the Earl of Leicester. To commu- 
nicate the effect of these letters to the Queen ; the matter touches 
her honour and the safety of Ireland. Arrived January 13. The 
English Pale spoiled daily, and in utter poverty. The soldiers so 
beggar-like and insolent, and allied with the Irish, that nothing can 
correct them. Kilkenny and all Munster spoiled. The Earls cannot 
attend the Queen's service, as formerly. One may ride 30 miles 
and not see one house left standing, where Sydney has known it as 
well inhabited as in many counties of England. Thomond worse 
still. In Connaught the Earl of Clanrycard is greatly distressed. 
Leinster and Meath. Ulster. Shane O'Neill the only strong and 
rich man in Ireland. Stucley and Justice James Dowdall sent to 
Shane O'Neill. His dealings and arrogance. He never made peace 
with the Queen, but by her own seeking. He would keep from 
O'Donnell his country, from Bagenall the Newry, and from Kildare 
Dundrum ; with his sword he won them, and would so keep 
them. He can bring 1,000 horse and 4,000 foot into the field. 
Agents abroad. He is able to burn and spoil to Dublin gates and 
go away unfought. Chancellor. President to be in Munster. 
Money. Losses. Captain Pers. Postscript of March 5. " My Lord 
of Kyldare, at my request, hath taken a notable rebell and outlaw and 
murderer, who about a year before my ary vail murdered the Baron 
of Delvyn's brother that last dyed." [See vol. XV. No. 52.] Kildare 
to be a Companion of the Order this year. To be good to Sydney's 
cousin GifFord. 



I Kfifi 


March 2. 36. Lord Deputy and Council to the Privy Council, certifying 
Dublin. the truth of the enclosed supplication of Richard Fyan of Dublin, 
Alderman, and recommending his suit to favourable consideration, 
especially as he has long forborn the money specified. Inclosing, 

36. i. Petition of R. Fyan, Alderman, to Lord Deputy and 

Council, showing the sums he had lost by the erection of 

St. Patrick's, in Queen Mary's time, and that he has lent for the 

furtherance of the Prince's service, which he beseeches may be 


[March 2.] 37. Petition of Richard Fyan of Dublin, Alderman, to the Lord 
Deputy and Council, to be considered with some recompense for 
the money disbursed by him for the Prince's service. Also, note of 
the money paid for leases belonging to St. Patrick's, by Richard 

[March 2.] 38. Petition of Richard Fyan of Dublin, Alderman, (by his deputy 
Walter Rogers) to Queen Elizabeth. Having due to him by King 
Edward VI. 808?., was recompensed by lands of St. Patrick's, 
which were resumed in Queen Mary's time. Has since laid out to 
Queen Elizabeth's use 207?. 8s. 8d., and requires a reversion of 100?. 
land in the Pale, or else to be paid out of the impost of Ireland in 
yearly portions. 

March 2, 

39. Matthew Kyng, Clerk of the Check, to the Earl of Leicester. 
Returns thanks for the support he has experienced in great need. 
Begs his interest with Mr. Secretary, &c., that he ftiay enjoy his fee 
in sterling, according to his patent. He cannot otherwise subsist, 
as he was never allowed cess for his men. 

March 3. 40. Matthew Kyng, Clerk of the Check, to Cecill. Thanks for sup- 
Dublin, port. Begs his fee may be continued in sterling money according to 
his patent. Shows that having no cess he cannot subsist otherwise. 

March 3. 41. Lord Deputy Sir H. Sydney to same. Cecill's letters of 
Dublin. Dec. 23. Has lost 1,500?., and much more, in the storms. Win. 
Thwaytes died at Beaumaris. The bearer, Win. Pers, to have 
favour. Desires that Adam Loftus, the Archbishop of Armagh, may 
have the See of Cashel. Lead from Beaumaris. Refers Cecill to the 
long tedious letter he has written to Leicester, of March 1 [No. 
35.] The matter thereof to be taken to heart ; and to be imparted 
to the Queen. Money. Munster. Chancellor. Order of Star 
Chamber wanted. Present of stone for Cecill, Leicester, and the 
Lord Keeper, Sir Nicholas Bacon, for their buildings. 

March 3. 42. Same to same. The following causes of private nature 

Dublin. no t determinable without the Queen's further direction. Richard 

Crofte for Castle Jordan. M. Kyng for sterling pay. Mr. 

Draycott. The names of the councillors misplaced. Money. Orde 

for Star Chamber. Incloses, 




March 3. 

March 4. 


March 5. 


March 5. 


March 6. 

March 7. 

March 7. 



42. i. The Queen to the Lord Justice or other Governor, for 
making a fee farm of Castle Jordan on the borders of Offaley to 
R. Crofte, gent, with remainders to Henry and Edward Duke. 

1565, April 30, Westminster. 

42. ii. Schedule of the names of the Councillors as they are 
placed in the instruction signed by the Queen, and as they claim to 
be " and by the Queen's letter of 1566, April 4, were" allowed. 

43. Note of advertisements out of Ireland of Feb. 17 and March 3. 
Sir H. Radeclyff's office disposed to others. Cosbie made Seneschal 
of Leix and Constable of the fort. Sir Henry Radeclyff's soldiers 
shall be discharged. 

44. Henry Draycott to Cecill for his offices of Master of the Rolls 
and Chancellor of the Exchequer, to be granted to him for life. 

45. Thomas Lancaster to the Earl of Leicester. Has talked with 
Rowland White for wood for the mine of Skiddaw in Cumberland. 
The Lord Deputy should be one in the company. Sydney's pains in 
despatching people's causes. Tooles, Byrnes, &c. A garde and 
Nicholas Heron set over them. Sir Nicholas Bagenall to be placed 
at the Newry. Plan against Shane O'Neill. O'Donnell. Specimen 
of the mine of Lambaye. Mr. Challoner recommended to be one of 
the work in Ireland. Kildare has apprehended Tyrrel who was at 
the murder of Delvin's uncle. Sydney arrived January 13, and 
took the charge January 21. 

46. Same to Cecill, relative to the wood in Ireland for the mine 
of Skedo in Cumberland, &c., as above. 

47- Sir Warhame Sentleger to same. Hopes of reformation through 
Sydney's diligence. He is appointed to the service in Munster. He 
will be careful in that charge. 

48. Sir Thomas Cusake to same. Received Cecill's letter of 
November 19. Has advertised his proceedings in Munster and 
Ulster to the Earl of Leicester. The pledges for the fines in Mun- 
ster delivered to Sir Maurice Fitzgerald (now in England). John 
of Desmond's good service ; he deserves to be considered. The 
Lord Deputy has advertised the Queen concerning Cusake's own 
suits which " hath been " condescended unto. Incloses, 

48. I. Copy of an Indenture between Sir T. Cusake and Sir 
Maurice Fitzgerald, Sheriff of co. Cork, witnessing that the said 
Fitzgerald has received Owen M'Carthy, Cormac M'Teig N'Ccn^mac 
M'Carthy (afterwards knighted), and other pledges. Also, a note of 
the fines cessed, for which the said pledges ivere delivered. 

1564, August 20. 

49. Lord Deputy Sydney to Matt. Kyng, Clerk of the Check, for 
discharge of the soldiers of Irish birth from all the bands, and for 
the discharge of certain English freeholders and incompetent persons. 
Incloses a schedule of both classes as above specified and signed by 
Sydney. [See a document placed 1565/6, March 16 ?] 

T 2 


T * - XVL 


March 7. 50. Sir N. Arnold to Cecill. Sends inclosed a letter to Queen 

Dublin. Elizabeth from himself and the nobility and Council [not here]. 

The Treasurer Fytzwylliams desires till the 1 2th ' instant to give 

in his books. Hopes within a month after the completion of the 

Treasurer's accounts, to make an end of the Commission. 

March 7. 51. William Bermyngham to the Earl of Leicester, to be a 
Dublin. mean to the Queen to allow him 100?. till his coming to the 

March 7. 52. Lord Deputy Sydney to Cecill. Commends the bargain con- 
Carigmaine. eluded between Sir Nicholas Bagenall and Mr. Stucley for the sale 

of the Marshal's office and all Mr. BagenalTs inheritance in Ireland 

for 3,000?. Irish. 

March 7. 53. Thomas Stucley to same. Desires his mediation with the 
Dublin. Queen to sanction his bargain with Sir N. Bagenall for the Marshal's 
office, &c. 

March 8. 54. Lord Deputy to Matthew Kyng. Instructions for placing and 
Carrigmayne. discharging certain soldiers. 

March 14. 55. Earl of Leicester to the Lord Keeper Bacon and Sir W. Cecill. 

Tossitor. Forwards the letter of March 1 from Sydney to himself [No. 35], 

[To-wcester ] ^fa the remaining contents of the large packet brought by 

Captain William Pers. Prays them to make Her Majesty privy 

to them. 

March 15. 56. A brief of the letters received from the Lord Deputy, March 
15. This shows the contents of the packet brought by Captain 
Wm. Pers. [The various inclosures not specified in the letters, 
but here noted, will be found calendered under their respective 

March 15. 57. Book delivered by Sir N. Arnold and his associate Commis- 
sioners, to the Lord Deputy, of the whole state of the army from 
1560, May 24, to 1565/6, March 15, with the checks set upon 
the captains. 

March 15. 58. Bermyngham's declaration of the entertainment due to Sir 
Henry Radeclyff, the 15th of March 1565/6, and what is to be 
defalked, together with the orders of the Council taken in the 

March 15. 59. Sir Henry Radeclyff's short and general answers to the short 
and general items of the account made out against him. 

March 16. 60. The second book of payments by Sir W. Fytzwylliams 
imprested upon entertainments from 1560, delivered with two 
other books under a protest as to casual inaccuracies. 

March 16 ? 61. Schedule of the soldiers of Irish birth, English freeholders and 
incompetent persons, in the bands of Sir W. Fytzwylliams, Sir H. 
Badeclyff, Sir G. Stanley, Captain Portas and Captain Henry 
Colley to be discharged. 


1566. VOL - XVL 

March 20. 62. Lord Treasurer Winchester to Cecil], Note, of matters 
requisite for the government of Ireland. [Sent to Cecill with 
another letter on English affairs of this date.} 

March 20. 63. Memorial by Sir W. Cecill for causes of Ireland. 

March 22. 64. Cecill to the Lord Deputy in favour of Jaques Wingfeld, to 
Greenwich. h av e the fee farm of the Castle of Markingham, and a farther 
interest in the constableship of Dublin Castle. 

March 23. 65. Earl of Sussex to the Queen. A memorial of advertise- 
ments received out of Ireland. Sir G. Stanley's discharge, Cosbie, 
Seneschal of Leix and Constable of the fort, Colley has the like 
entertainment in Offaley. Stafford. Clanrycard. Arnold's purpose 
to delay. Lady Sydney's talking that the agreement made between 
the Earls of Sussex and Leicester would not last long. 

March 25. 66. Certificate of the money issued out*of the Exchequer to Sir 
W. Fytzwylliams, Vice -Treasurer of Ireland, from 1559, June 15, 
to 1566, March 25, being 116,358?. 3s. Id., attested by Humfrey 

March 27. 67. Cecill to Sydney. Sydney's perfect declaration of the state 
of Ireland, and his opinion for remedy, commended. Manner of 
imparting Sydney's letter to the Queen, and afterwards to the 
Council. Every one inclined to the extirpation of that proud rebel 
Shane O'Neill. Her Majesty proposed to send Mr. Vice-Cham- 
berlain Knollys to confer with Sydney as to the enterprize against 
O'Neill. 6,0007. packing up for Ireland. Chancellor. Council in 
Munster. The Queen stayeth upon the allowance of Sentleger, on 
account of his father's quarrel with Ormond's father. Her Majesty 
is very greatly heated and provoked to the extirpation of Shane 
O'Neill. General misliking of Sydney's letter for Stucley. Lead. 
Sir N. Arnold's stay marvelled at. 

March 27. 68, Lord Treasurer Winchester to the Lord Deputy. Sends 6,0007. 
by the bearer his servant Richard Stringfellow, gent. Mr. Dyxe 
and the pay. Certain Irish Lords' payments of money, borrowed by 
them in England, to be signified. 

March 28. 69. The Queen to same. The Earl of Leicester being absent 
to visit a sick sister, sent Deputy's letter to the Queen in secret 
manner. Will send a Chancellor with speed. Curwen, Archbishop 
of Dublin, to have the bishopric of Oxford. A Council to be esta- 
blished in Munster. Allowance of Sir Warhame Sentleger to be 
president. The Queen's objections to him. Money. Difficulties as 
to it. Marvel that there is no certainty written as to the amount 
of checks. Sydney to employ his whole care and consideration how 
O'N eill, who has now manifested himself so contemptuous a traitor, 
may be utterly extirpated. Sir Francis Knollys the Vice-Cham- 
berlain will be sent to consult with Sydney thereon. Earl of 
Kildare commended for his service in apprehending Tyrrel, who 
murdered the Baron Delvin's brother [See No. 35]. Fortifying of 



i Kf-fi VOL. XVI. 


Dundalk. Carrickfergus. O'Donnell. Earls of Clanrycard and 
Thoraond to be aided. The notable rebel Piers Grace and others to 
be apprehended. Orders for the direction of the Court of " Castle 
Chamber," to resemble " our Star Chamber at Westminster," shall be 
sent with speed. Sir Nicholas Arnold to return home forthwith. Mr. 
Treasurer and the checks. [Despatched by Captain Win. PersJ] 

March 31. 70. The Queen to Lord Deputy. Thinks it not for her honour 

Greenwich, that Sydney should renew any treaty with O'Neill. Thomas 

Stucley to return home, to answer the charges against him in the 

Admiralty Court. The Earl of Ormond to be restored to such 

government as he had been removed from by .Arnold. 

March 31. 71. Cecill to same. The Queen considers that the Earl of 
Greenwich. Ormond has been unfairly treated by Arnold, Ormond's loyalty 
and painfulness in all service acknowledged by Cecill. Her 
Majesty's good opinion of Ormond thought to grow from "the 
memory of his education with that holly yong Sallomon King 
Edward " VI. Stucley in evil case. Leicester will be " here " on 

April 1. 

April 2. 
April 2? 

April 3. 
April 3. 


1. Lord Treasurer Winchester to the Lord Deputy. Has sent 
to Sir Ric. Bulkeley to see whether the lead may be spared from 
Beaumaris. Sydney shall have lead speedily. 

2. A proportion for the rates and standards of money for Ireland. 

3. Stonlyes opinion for monies in Ireland. 

4. Mr. Stonlyes opinion for the monies of Ireland. Not allowed, 
as appears by endorsement. 

5. Rates of monies brought into fine silver. 

6. Cecill to the Lord Deputy. The Queen intends to answer 
Sydney's letters from Waterford. Cecill wishes Sydney prosperity. 
Takes to heart the shame England has sustained by Irish dis- 
obedience. Sir Thos. Smith and Wm. Wynter demand Calais of 
the French. Dr. Weston to be the Lord Chancellor of Ireland. 

April 12. 7. Memorial for Ireland. [These interrogatories will be found 
in Knollys's Instructions, 18 April 1566.] 

8. Lord Deputy and Council to the Privy Council. In obedience 
to instructions of 1565, Oct. 5, they have made certificate of the 
following articles: Diligence of the Archbishops of Dublin and 
Armagh, and of the Bishop of Meath. Causes of the decay of chan- 
cels, churches, &c. St. Patrick's by Dublin. Ecclesiastical commis- 
sion. Integrity of the Justices. Leix and Ofialey. Establishment 

April 13 



i KKfi VOL. XVII. 


of Seneschals, namely, Nicholas Heron, captain of Leighlin and 
Ferns ; and Francis Agarde, Seneschal over the Tooles' and Byrnes' 
country, lying in the co. Dublin, from the Head of Bray to Arklow ; 
Thomas Fytzwylliams, of Meryonge, Seneschal, and Robt. Pipho, 
Seneschal. Sir Warhame Sentleger. The compendium of Irish 
Statutes to be had of the Earl of Sussex, and printed ; also the drafts 
of Statutes conceived for the next Parliament. M. Kyng to have 
his pay in sterling according to his patent. The soldier, cess, pay, 
-poverty, &c. Forts in Leix and Offaley. Irish captains. Sir Barnaby 
Fitzpatrick, a gentleman of notable service, eldest son of the Baron 
of Upper Ossory, now aged and impotent. Connaught to have a 
President and Council. O'Briens of Thomond. Revenue. Henry 
Draycott, Chancellor and Remembrancer of the Exchequer, now 
Master of the Rolls, " hath had the perusing, sorting and kalen- 
daringe of Her Majesty's recordes," which are " well layd upp in a 
stronge chamber of one of the towers of Dublin Castle." Draycott's 
sickness on the late journey. All castles decayed. Lead for Dublin 
and Carrickfergus. Earl of Ormond's bonnaught. The towns of 
trade to have charters. Great abuse of merchants of the haven towns 
who send their own servants " and factors, called grayemerchantes, 
through all the Irish countries to buy up the Irish wares, whereby 
the decay of the towns is occasioned." The suits of the bearer, John 
Chaloner, Her Majesty's Secretary, recommended. He has served 
six years in Ireland. The mischance of his disheriting occasioned 
by absence in the Queen's service. [Many other matters mentioned.] 

8. i, A brief declaration of the state and value of the revenues 
of Ireland, as charged for one whole year, ending at Michaelmas, 
anno 6' Edw. VI. , not according to the surveys, but as they were 
then demised and leased. Also a declaration of how much thereof 
has since been given away, sold, or otherwise diminished or 
decayed. Ireland, Case A. No. 5. 

8. ii. A brief declaration of the Revenues, both certain and 
casual, as charged for the year ending at Michaelmas, 6 Eliz. 1564, 
not according the survey thereof, but as they be now demised and 
leased. Also the yearly charges out of the same. By Gabriel Crofte. 

April 13. 9. Lord Deputy Sydney to the Earl of Leicester. Commends 
Kilmainham. the bearer, John Chaloner, to his just protection. Lacks answer to 
his letters sent by Capt. Wm. Pers. Earnest appeal for speedy 

[April 13.] 10. Lord Deputy's remembrances by Chaloner. Court of Castle 
Chamber. Book devised for Munster. Charter to Dublin. Allow- 
ance to O'Donnell. Prisoners in Dublin Castle. Abridgement of 
the statute laws made by Sussex's appointment, &c. [Qy. Are 
these the Acts or Abridgments in Lambeth Library, vol. 60S, 
commencing at page 106.?] 

April 13. 11, Lord Treasurer' Winchester to Cecill, for Mr. Vice-Chamberlain 
Knollys to inquire the state of the coining irons and provisions for 




April 14. 

April 15. 



the Mint in Ireland, and to see what ore Record and the miners 
left, which was computed worth a 1000/. "or twaine." 

12. Sir Thos. Cusake to Cecill. Cusake's important service in 
Munster will not be forgotten there for 1 00 years. Wrote to the Earl of 
Leicester, on being appointed by the Lord Deputy to repair, with the 
Lord of Louth, Mr. Stucley, and Justice James Dowdall, to Shane 
O'Neill. Cusake has now, on his return from that service, written 
a full discourse to the Queen. [Not here.] 

13. Lord Deputy to the Privy Council. Answer to his letters by Capt. 
Wm. Pers looked for. Journey in Leinster, Meath, and Westmeath. 
Not an OToole, O'Byrne, Kavanagh, Kinsellagh, O'Murroughoe, or 
O'Doill refused to repair to him. Has taken their sufficient sureties 
and pledges. Nicholas Heron. The Walshes', Archebolds' or Asshe- 
pooles', and Harolds' countries committed to the charge of Thomas 
Fytzwylliams of Meryonge ; and all the coast under the Red mountain, 
being the west part of the Tooles' and Byrnes' countries, bordering 
on the county of Kildare, to Robert Pipho. Francis Agarde is " the 
most sufficient servaunt for the Queene " in all this land. O'Mores 
tractable. O'Conors waiting to do mischief. O'Molloy delivers up 
his eldest son. Sessions held : 50 notable offenders executed, and 
20 more by martial law. Kilkenny disordered. Earl of Ormond's 
return desired. Ormond and Desmond to relinquish their palatine 
liberties. Shane O'Neill giveth forth great tokens of intended war. 
He will parley with Sydney about the last of April. He fortifies 
Dundrum and Lifford. Has put away O'Donnell's wife, and shall 
marry James M'Donnell's wife, " base sister to the Erie of Argile." 
Sorley Boy. Maguire invaded. Shane O'Neill threatens to burn 
Dundalk. Money. Assistance of Council. Francis Cosbie, Seneschal. 
Henry Colley, Seneschal. Arnold and his associates. Francis 
Crocket. Two young gentlemen of the Mores. W. Pepparde's 
widow. Oliver Sutton against Kildare. Sydney to be cleared from 
the imputation of having coveted the viceregal power. He has 
" bene drawen from mirthe to Malancoly by it." Incloses, 

13. i. Ordinances proclaimed by Sir H. Sydney for the benefit 
of the Irish countries, and committed to the Seneschals to be observed 
through all Leinster, Meath, and Westmeath. 

April 17. 14. Sydney to Cecill. Although his letters, despatched by'Finch, had 
not gone at the arrival of W. Pers with despatches, Sydney preferred 
to send them as they were. Has cause to rejoice that his ill-composed 
letters found such gracious acceptance. Will not deal in the matters 
of Ormond and Desmond without another Chancellor. Stucley and 
his affairs. Desires to know whether the Queen will choose to bring 
the people of Ulster to the just rule of English law, which is easy, or 
to banish them quite, and unpeople the soil which would be charge- 
able. The service of Sir W. Sentleger. Sydney never promised that 
Munster should bear the charges of the Council : that is not done in 
Wales or in the North. Sydney has called daily on Arnold to give 
in his accounts, or to go and leave the others to finish them. Has 
not spoken against Sussex. Will parley with O'Neill on April 30th. 


1566. VOL. XVII. 

April 17. 15. Lord Deputy to Cecill. Sydney's readiness to further Cecill's 
Kilmainham. friends. The bargain between Bagenall and Stucley passed before 
Sydney knew of it. It is easy enough to chastise O'Neill and reform 
the rest, if the Queen will have him subdued. A Chancellor and 
two learned in the laws. Earl of Ormond to return. To say any- 
thing to the bearer, Thos. Finch, to be repeated to Sydney. 

April 17. 16. Same to Sir N. Throkmorton. Thanks for his foreign news 
Kilmainham. an( j sa g e anc i friendly counsel. [Much damaged.] 

April 18. 17. Memorandum of the writings delivered to Mr. Vice-Chamber- 
lain Sir Francis Knollys, on going into Ireland. 

April 18. 18. Privy Seal writ from the Queen to the Treasurer and others 
of the Exchequer, to deliver to Mr. Vice-Chamberlain the bonds of 
Irish nobles for repayment of prests in Ireland. 

April IS. 19. A memorial of matters committed by the Queen to Sir Francis 
Knollys, on his mission to Ireland. [First draft~\ 

April 18. 20. Memorial of matters committed to Sir Francis Knollys, to 
consult with Sydney, whether O'Neill may be reformed without 
actual war ; of the divers requisites for the war ; the time to begin it. 
Provision, money, &c. Fortifying of Knockfergus or Belfast. Great 
objections against Sentleger being President of Munster. Knollys 
to inquire the state of the country at Sydney's coming. W. Pers 
took 6,000. Knollys takes 3,000?. Arnold to return. Arnold and 
Treasurer to answer before Sydney. Knollys to hear some proofs 
in the causes of Ormond and Desmond. Bonds of nobles. Payment 
* to be made to the Queen. Kecord and Pepparde's ore and bullion. 
The office of the Mint to be seen to. [Draft] 

April 18. 21. The Queen to Lord Deputy Sydney. Sends Knollys with a. 
memorial, signed by her, to consult upon. Knollys to be treated as 
a Privy Councillor. It is very strange that Sir Nicholas Arnold doth 
delay his return. Vice-Chamberlain Knollys may allow Arnold to stay. 

April 18. 22. Memorial of matters for Ireland prior to 1565, Oct. 24, but 
containing Knollys's mission, 1566, April 18. 

April 19. 23. Articles of interrogatory as to the peaceable state of Ireland, 
Greenwich, at the time Sussex left, to be ministered by Sir Francis Knollys to 
the Lord Deputy Sydney, the Archbishops, Lords, Governors, and 
others herein named, who are to deliver in their several true know- 
ledges on oath. 

April 20. 24. The Queen to Lord Deputy. Has been many times desired by 
Greenwich, the Earl of Sussex that trial might be made whether he had in 
anything misused himself in his government. Sends a writing (see 
N 23) by Mr. Vice-Chamberlain, containing very large interro- ' 
gatories. The persons mentioned therein to be examined on oath 
by Sydney and Knollys. 

April 20. 25. Two copies of the above. 



April 20. 


26. Lord Deputy to Cecill. Commendation of Jenyson for his 
Kilmainliam. diligence in his office of Auditor. Gabriel Crofte accepted as Jeny- 
son's deputy, who is going to Berwick. A plumber to be sent to 
Ireland. Incloses, 

26. I. Rate of the monthly diets and charges of the Lord Deputy, 
captains and soldiers, as the same are presently reduced by Sir 
H. Sydney, according to a book of rates signed and delivered by 
the Queen to the said Sir Henry. 1565/6, March 14 or 15. 

[April 20.] 27. Petitions of Thomas Jenyson, Auditor of Ireland, to the Privy 
Council. That the Lord Deputy and Council may try what money 
is due to him on his patent, and to pay him what shall be found due. 
To have allowance for extraordinary travail in the captains' reckon- 
ings ; and to have license to surrender his office of Auditor of Ireland 
to some meet man. 

April 22. 

April 22. 

April 22. 

April 23. 

April 23. 

April 24. 


April 25. 

28. Christopher Barnewall to Cecill, to further his suit for the 
wardship of the young Lord of Dunsany from heir to heir. Barne- 
wall's daughter. Barnewall has Monkton for 20 years yet to come. 
He begs that the grant thereof to Sir Thomas Cusake may be 

29. Richard Stringfellowe to Cecill. Arrived on Friday with the 
Treasure in safety. Gladly received. 

30. Lord Deputy to the Privy Council. Commends the suit of 
the bearer, Lawrence Hamonde, for renewal of the charter of 

31. Same to Cecill. Hugh Bradie, the Bishop of Meath, most fit 
to succeed to the archbishoprick of Dublin, his preaching good, his 
judgment grave, his life exemplary, his hospitality well maintained. 
Adam Loftus, the Primate of Armagh, to be Bishop of Meath. 

32. Memorials for Ireland, gathered out of letters up to April 23, 
and out of the Lord Deputy's remembrances, by Mr. Chaloner. 

33. Hugh Curwen, Archbishop of Dublin and Lord Chancellor of 
Ireland, to the Queen. Sydney has showed him Her Highnesses 
pleasure to bestow on him the bishoprick of Oxford. Thanks for 
the same. 

34. Shane O'Neill to Charles IX. of France, Desires that the per- 
petual treaty proposed by the late King may be concluded. 5,000 or 
6,000 French, well armed, to be presently sent to assist in 
expelling the English. Shane and his successors will be humble 
subjects to the Crown of France. King Charles to write to the 
Queen of Scots in their favour. Relates that on his repair to 
England, notwithstanding the safe conduct obtained for himself and 
retinue from the Queen, the " stupid " Council of England, the 
Lord Lieutenant and the Council and Nobility of Ireland, some of 





April 25. 


April 25. 

April 28. 

April 28. 


April 29. 

St. Patrick's 
by Dublin. 

April 29. 


his gentlemen were detained as hostages, and imprisoned as criminals, 
but all have now by the grace of God returned to Ireland. Hurts. 
The Earl of Desmond is detained with the Queen. His brother 
John with great power fights boldly against the English. O'Brien 
expatriated. Shane has deposed young O'Donnell for favouring the 
hereticks, and has set up his brother in his stead. Latin. 

35. Shane O'Neill to the Cardinal of Lorraine. Has sent letters 
to the King of France for 5,000 or 6,000 well-armed French to assist 
in the expulsion of the English. Beseeches the Cardinal, in consi- 
deration of his defence of the Romish faith, to persuade the French 
King to send the aid he needs. Latin. 

36. Concordatum by the Lord Deputy, &c., granting to Thomas 
Smyth, of Dublin, apothecary, the yearly sum of one day's pay of 
the Lord Deputy and whole army in Ireland, with command to 
Mr. Treasurer at Wars to stop the same on their pays to Smyth's 
use, and also twenty shillings of every sworn Councillor, in order to 
encourage the said Smyth to continue in the discharge of his 
ministry in Ireland. 

37. Mr. Vice-Chamberlain Sir Francis Knollys to Cecill. 
Necessity makes "me playe the unshamefaste cowrtear in remem- 
bryng my selffe unto youe uppon the deathe of" Sir John Masone, 
late Treasurer of the Chamber and Master of the Posts. Twelve 
chargeable children lie on his hand. Shane O'Neill's expected parley 
with Sydney intended to show his great power about him, and 
thereby to ask greater demands. 

38. Lord Deputy Sydney to same. Present order to be taken, for 
Sir H. Radeclyff and Jaques Wingfeld to come, or send a deputy to 
appear at the payment and cassing of their soldiers. 

39. Adam Loftus, Archbishop of Armagh, to same. Recommends 
the Bishop of Meath to be Archbishop of Dublin. Commends the 
suit of Vernon, the bearer, for the castle of Rathough. 

April 30. 



40. Hugh Bradie, Bishop of Meath, to same, in favour of 
Mr. Vernon's suit for an old castle in Rathough. Lord Deputy and 
Council with 1,000 horse to go to Dundalk to see if O'Neill will 
come to any good end. His pride joined with his tyranny is in- 
tolerable. Has spoiled Maguire and put wards in his castles. Has 
very cruelly put O'Donnell's brother to death, killed about 140 
of his men, &c. The two young men from Cambridge received. 

41. Henry Draycott to same. To obtain his patent for the 
office of Master of the Rolls and Chancellor of the Exchequer 
during life. Bishop of Meath recommended to be Archbishop of 

42. The Queen to the Lord Deputy. Certain requests made by 
the Earl of Ormond on his return to Ireland, viz., as to the cap- 
tainship of Trienmenaghe given by Arnold to Dunboyne during 






Ormond's absence. Unjust orders made by Arnold in Ormond's 
absence to be revoked. Present order for restoration of goods 
wrongfully taken. A portion of ordnance to take castles from the 
Burkes and Ryans. The speedy ordering of the matters between 
him and Desmond. Sydney to give his earnest consideration. 

43. Copy of the above. 

44. Book by W. Bermyngham, presented to Sir Nicholas 
Arnold. Estimate of the difference between the book of Sir W. 
Fytzwylliams, entitled his Book of Charge, delivered 1565/6, 
March 16, and the certificate of monies issued out of the Exchequer 
in England. 

[April.] 45. The Queen to [Sir Francis Knollys]. Has seen a certain 
writing of Bermyngham's presented to Sir N. Arnold, showing a 
great variety between the sums issued to, and those acknowledged 
by, Sir W. Fytzwylliams. Knollys to confer secretly with Arnold. 
If requisite Arnold may tarry. 

April? 46. Book of extracts of ancient Irish Statutes from 11 Hen. IV. 
(1409) to 2 Eliz. (1560). 

May 1. 47. Remembrance by Mr. Auditor Jenyson for Cecill. The Lord 
Deputy to be authorized, with the other Commissioners, to deter- 
mine certain accounts. Also enrolment of leases before the Auditor. 
To be added to the Lord Deputy's instructions. 

May 7. 48. Sir Francis Knollys to same. Arrived at Dublin this 
Dublin. morning. Sydney at Dundalk tarrying Shane O'Neill's coming to 

parley. Knollys has sent Sydney word that he has letters, &c. 


48. i. Sir F. Knollys to the Lord Deputy. Attends Sydney's 
return. His commission is not to hinder any good conclusion with 
Shane O'Neill. 1566, May 7. Dublin. 

May 14. 49. The Queen to the Lord Deputy. Hindrances happened to 
Greenwich, the countries, tenants, and servants of the Earl of Ormond during 
his absence. The captainship of Trenmenagh, in the county of 
Tipperary, given by Sir N. Arnold to the Baron of Dunboyne. The 
grant to be recalled. The captains of Desmond's galloglas taken at 
the conflict, and who testified as to his entertainment of rebels and 
traitors, ought not to have been set at liberty. Those who dealt so 
partially as to deliver them are worthy of great blame. Coin and 
livery to be taken away and abolished. The suits and causes 
between the Earls of Ormond and Desmond to be stayed till the 
Earl return over. Sir Anthony Sentleger not to meddle further 
in them. The Earl of Ormond to be furnished with ordnance, shot, 
and powder for taking certain castles in Tipperary, held by the 

May 14. 50. Copy of the above. 



May 14 ? 51. Memorandum of the Earl of Ormond's requests and suits. 

May 14. 52. Cecill to Lord Deputy Sydney. Cecill's sudden and dan- 
gerous sickness. Earl of Ormond's letter. Her Majesty desires 
Sydney should well remember the certain small writing sent by 
Captain Wm. Pers. 

May 18. 53. Lord Deputy Sydney to the Privy Council, for Daniel 
Kilmainham. Kavanagh to be appointed Bishop of Leighlin. 

May 18. 54. Cecill to Lord Deputy. Sydney likely to have enough 

House near the money. Nothing now to do requires more care than Ireland. 

bavoy. Sydney to be favourable towards the Earl of Ormond's causes, or 

Her Majesty will not suffer anything to be done therein. Cecill's 

cousin Daniel sent to the Emperor. Cecill is glad to hear that 

Thomas Phetyplace is taken. 

May 18. 55. Lord Deputy to the Privy Council. The device for the war. 
Kilmainham. Sydney hopes their Lordships will consider how unapt he is to be 
an actor in the intended wars, as the reports of Her Majesty's dis- 
liking of him are public. How any unfortunate accident in the wars 
would renew the suspicion of his fidelity. And how necessary it is, 
if the Queen resolves that he remain, that he should be freed from 
all discredit. 

May 19. 56. Sir Francis Knollys to Cecill. Malicious arrogance of Shane 
Dublin. O'Neill. He can neither be reformed or stayed but by actual war. 
Debate thereon with the Lord Deputy, Sir W. Fytzwylliams, and 
Captain Francis Agarde. Resolution for immediate war. The 
reasons. Loss by taking up provisions on credit. Unless the Queen 
do send peremptorily for Arnold, Knollys will be home long before 
him. Sydney has painfully and wisely behaved himself. 

57. Brief declaration by the Commissioners Arnold and his 
associates of their proceedings with Sir W. Fytzwylliams for getting 
in of his account. " [With an indorsement by Knollys.] 

[May 19 ?] 58. The answer of Sir W. Fytzwylliams to the declaration of 
Sir N. Arnold and his associates, touching their proceedings for 
getting in the view of his General Account. [Mem. Arnold received 
this answer about May 19, see 1566, June 8, Fytzwylliams' s note 
on the back of Arnold's replication.'] 

May 19 ? 59. Copy of Arnold's declaration. 
May 19 ? 60. Copy of Fytzwylliams's answer. 

May 20. 61. M. Kyng, Clerk of the Check, to Cecill. Relative to the 

Dublin. farms granted to him by Henry VIII and Edw. VI., and his 

losses thereon. Has nothing left but Castle Richard and 200 acres 

of land, for which he pays 13?. 9s. Desires a few lines from 




May 20. 


62. The Queen to the Lord Deputy ; to give order forthwith for the 
Westminster, levy of certain sums of money, appointed unto the Earl of Ormond 
within the counties of Limerick and Waterford, for services against 
the O'Mores and O'Conors. 

May 21. 63. Hugh Curwen, Archbishop of Dublin and Chancellor of 

Dublin. Ireland, to Cecill. Desires that he may have permission to leave 

Ireland before winter, as he suffers extremely in that season. 

Another Archbishop to be appointed with speed, or the lands will 

be pilfered away by Irishmen, and the houses spoiled. 

May 23. 64. Lord Deputy to same. Commends the desire of the Arch- 

Kilmainham. bishop of Dublin to be forthwith disburdened of his offices in 

Ireland, that he may be able to travel before winter. His suit to 

be recompensed for his long service with the last half-year's rent of 

the bishoprick of Oxford. 

May 26. 65. Petition of the Portreeve and Burgesses of Trim to the 
Privy Council, for the renewing of their charter. 

May 26. 66. The Queen to the Lord Deputy. That the Earl of Ormond 
Greenwich ? (now returning to Ireland) may have license to repair to England, 
upon his signification of a desire to that effect. 

May 29. 67. Sir F. Knollys to Cecill. The need of two brigantines, in 
Dublin. addition to the notes of the necessities for the war sent to the 
Queen, to be employed in keeping the Scots from aiding Shane 
O'Neill. Three hundred Scots harder to be vanquished than 600 
Irish. The Earl of Argyle to be treated with to stay them from 
Shane. O'Donnell to be created Earl of Tyrconnell. Knollys 
will make a simple declaration of his opinion at his return. 

May 30. 68. Lord Deputy to the Privy Council. Answers to his letter^ 
Kilmainham. desired. O'Neill has treated with Hugh O'Donnell, his prisoner, 
for delivery of certain castles. He has also made war upon Maguire. 
As to allowance of the charges of councillors attending in journies, 
which has been demanded. Slanderous calumnies of Sydney re- 
futed. Sydney has the rather continued certain of Sir H. Rade- 
clyffe's men in wages, lest some of the Irish might resort to 

May 30. 69. Same to the same. Dominick Lynche of Galway desires to 

Kilmainham. build a free-school there, and will contribute certain perpetuities 

towards the maintenance of a master. The parsonage of Galway, 

and the site of a ruined house, called Erles-stone, to be desired of 

the Queen towards that- good work. 

[May 30.] 70. Memorandum by Cecill as to decrees of Council for the 
causes of Ireland. The advice of the Lord Deputy and Mr. Vice- 
Chamberlain Knollys in the prosecution of the expelling of Shane 
O'Neill. [This paper relates the substance of the despatch of 
Sydney and Knollys of 1566, May 18, which is not in this 


. . _ VOL. XVII. 


May 30. 71. Memoranda by Cecill as to money, munition, victual, men, 
&c., required for the war against O'Neill. 

May ? 72. Memorandum or fragment of some petition for the manors of 
Arklow, Tully, Rathvilly, Clonemore, the villages of Huttonreide, 
Castellvarnyme and Oeghterarde, Lordship of Blackcastell, and 
villages of Balldongane, and Ballskadane. 



June 3. 1. Lord Deputy Sydney to Cecill. Desires to be recalled 
Kilmainham. Sydney is reported to be in disgrace. All the Queen's charge is lost 
with this manner of proceeding. O'Neill will be tyrant of all 
Ireland. He has won the rest of O'Donnell's castles ; confederated 
with the Scots ; is in Maguire's country : will spend this summer 
in Connaught, next winter in the English Pale. Orders for the 
Star Chamber are very necessary. 

June 8. 2. Replication by Arnold and his associates to the answer of Sir 
William Fytzwylliams. 

June [8.] 3. The rejoinder of Sir W. Fytzwylliams to the replication of Sir 
Nicholas Arnold and his associates, to which he objects, as false, and 
refers himself to trial. [Indorsed by Knollys.] 

June 8. 4. The Queen to the Lord Deputy, &c. for the bearer Lawrence 
Greenwich. Hamond to have a lease of 21 years in reversion of the manor and 
lordship of Trim and Moiegeare which he now holds by lease. 

5. Same to same, for the confirmation of the liberties of the 
town of Trim. 

June 8. 6. Lord Deputy to the Privy Council, in favour of the bearer Sir 
Kilmainham. Christopher Gaffney to be Bishop of Ossory. Inclosing, 

6. I. Hugh Curwen, Archbishop of Dublin and Chancellor, to the 
Lord Deputy, in commendation of Sir Chr. Gaffney. 

May 15, Saint Sepulchres. 

6. n. Bishop of Meath to Lord Deputy, in commendation of 
Sir Ghr. Gaffney. May 22, St. Patrick's. 

June 9. 7. Lord Deputy Sydney to the Privy Council, for the remission 
Kilmainham. o f a fine set upon the Viscount Barry by Sir Thomas Cusake. The 
bearer, Barry's son, sent into England for his education. 




June 9. 


June 9. 


June 9. 


June 9. 



8. Lord Deputy Sydney to Cecill, in favour of the bearer Ralph 
Morton, for the obtaining of his office of Constable of Dungarvan 
for life, together with the parsonage of Dungarvan. To have 4sQl. 
imprested in England for the furniture of his charge. 

9. Same to same. Maguire, the Captain of Fermanagh, has been 
expelled his country, and his brother has become Shane O'Neill's 
servant. Whilst Sydney's man, Douglas, was at Edinburgh, the 
Earl of Argyle brought a gentleman of O'Neill's country to court. 
O'Neill hath excused the same to Sydney by Mr. Justice James 
Dowdall. If the Queen provide not in time she will lose Ireland as 
her sister lost Calais. 

10. Wm. Bermyngham to same. Delivered an estimate to Sir N. 
Arnold, touching the receipts of treasure out of England by Sir 
W. Fytzwylliams. Opinion of him to be suspended till his appear- 
ance in England with Sir Nic. Arnold. 

11. "Wm. Bermyngham to the Earl of Leicester, 
tenor as the above to Cecill. 

Of the same 

June 10. 12. Adam Loftus, Archbishop of Armagh, to the Privy Council, 
Dublin. for a zealous and learned man to be Archbishop of Dublin. For 
St. Patrick's to be turned to a college of the state. [Later in life 
he was not so anxious for the college.] 

June 10. 13. Same to Cecill. A choice, godly, zealous and learned man to 
Dublin. succeed to the archbishoprick of Dublin. St. Patrick's to be turned 
into a house of learning. Cecill seems to pity the conversion of the 
tithes, contrary to the institution, from the use of their pastors. 
Cecill should rather pity the case of the people, much fleeced and 
nothing at all fed. The benefices belonging to St. Patrick's are 
almost all within five miles of Dublin. 

June 11. 14. Lord Deputy Sydney to the Privy Council, in favour of the 
Kilmainham. bearer Fulk Samforde, who has served in Ireland these 24 years. 

June 11. 15. A proportion of munition and furniture to be sent from the 
- Ordnance Office to Bristol, to be transported for Ireland. [Indorsed 
by Cecill " First book."] 

June 12. 


June 15. 


16. Mr. W. Wynter and Mr. Edw. Baeshe to Cecill. Recom- 
mends taking up most of the provision for Ireland at London instead 
of Bristol. To send it to Portsmouth. The same wind that takes 
the soldiers from Bristol will serve for the victual from Portsmouth. 
Divers remembrances for the several articles of provision. Inclose, 

1 6. I. Estimate at what prices the victuals may be had. 

17. The Queen to the Lord Deputy. Objections to commencing a 
war in winter. Resolution to follow the plan of operations brought 
by Capt. Pers from Deputy and Vice-Chamberlain Knollys. The 300 
from Berwick shall come to the place, and at the time appointed. 
" 700 more shall be put in readiness in the west country, whereof 
300 shall be sent this year and 400 next." Victuals, munition, and 





armour. O'Donnell to be surely established. The coasts towards 
Scotland to be so possessed, as the Scots may be impeached from 
coming to succour the rebel. The Earl of Kildare to recover Lecale 
and keep up the war with Shane. The other parts of the realm to 
be well ordered. 

June [15.] 18. Account of Sir Nicholas Arnold, his demands and allowances, 
with the money, victual, &c. he has received towards the discharge 
thereof. Attested by Gabriel Crofte and Francis Berney. [There is 
another made up to June 26 at that date.] 

June 16. 19. Cecill to Sir H. Sydney. This day the Queen commanded that 
the Earl of Sussex should be called before the Council to answer 
what he had reported of Sydney. The Earl of Leicester repeated 
some words which Sussex denied ; and Sydney by both their 
speeches was well acquitted of any evil meaning. The charge was 
that Sydney had addressed a writing to Shane about November 
1559 by the simple name of O'Neill. The Queen suspects Sydney 
of affection to the Earl of Desmond. Her Majesty has caused a 
letter to be written to Sydney misliking that Sir Edmund Butler 
should be indicted for taking coin and livery. Her Majesty will 
needs iriake Her progress to Colly weston and visit Cecill's cottage 
and the Lord Admiral's house. Cannot prevail on any one to go 
Chancellor to Ireland. Adam Loftus, the Archbishop of Armagh, 
proposed for that office. 

20. Adam Loftus, Archbishop of Armagh, to Cecill, in favour of 
the bearer, Sir Christopher Gaffney, to be Bishop of Ossory. 

21. Sir Thos. Cusake to same. Sends a description of Ulster, and 
promises one, of the remainder of Ireland. Cecill to put the Queen 
in remembrance for passing the fee-farm she promised him, and the 
remission of the 400?. remaining of the sum unjustly charged on 
him in Queen Mary's time. Desires that his man, who has been 
long stayed, may return. 

June 20 ? Map of the coast of the county of Down from Lough Strang- 
ford to Carlingford, and including a small part of Loutli. The 
wood which was found in this district was only underwood, as hazle, 
holly, &c., but no great oak nor great building timber, and the 
mountain tops were barren save only firs and small thorns. [Irish 
. Maps, Vol. I., No. 22.] 

June 17. 


June 20. 


June 21. 

June 21. 


22. A proportion of victual with the estimate of the prices. Also 
an order by Cecill for some proportion of victual to be provided at 
Bristol for 600 soldiers for 21 days. 

23. Lord Deputy Sydney to Cecill. Has written to the Queen 
on behalf of the bearer's mistress Mrs. Pepparde and her children. 
Desires Cecill's good word, and expedition in her favour, in respect 
of her years and unfitness to travel to sue for herself. 




June 24. 

June 24. 

June 24. 


24. Petition of Anthony Pepparde and the widow his mother to 
the Privy Council. That they may be permitted to proceed by law 
against such as did spoil them of 4,000 at Enniscorthy notwith- 
standing their pardons for treason. 

25. Lord Deputy Sydney to Cecill. Is glad of Cecill's recovery. 
Received the Queen's and Cecill's letters of May 14. Report that 
Sydney is commanded to suffer coin and livery to continue. It 
were much better for the Queen's service to revoke Sydney than to 
keep him in discredit. Cecill to acquaint himself with that Sydney 
now writes to the Earl of Leicester. Sydney has dealt friendly 
with Brian Fytzwylliams, Cecill's cousin. The bearer, "my 
brother" Sir William Fytzwylliams, is a perfect, honest, and a true 
man. O'Neill fortifies the castles of O'Donnell and Maguire. The 
Earl of Argyle will be with him in July. Inclosing, 

25. i. Depositions of Ann Tayfe and others, touching a most 
extraordinary prodigy of late seen in Cowley (Carbolle or Corbolte) 
of three sundry hosts, &c. " Doubtless there was such a thing seen," 
writes Sydney. June 16. 

26. A proportion of victuals and provisions appointed to be pre- 
sently made by W. Wynter and Ed. Baeshe, officers of the Admiralty, 
and to be conveyed by them to Portsmouth. An estimate of the 
prices. A further supply to be added. 

June 24. 27. Cecill to Lord Deputy Sydney. The bearer, W. Pers, has 
Westminster, been staid by the Queen's commandment for Mr. Vice- Chamberlain's 
coming. Her Majesty has commanded Cecill to expedite both the 
whole number of 1,000 men, and the victual for the enterprise 
against O'Neill. Shane's practices with Scotland fully discovered. 
The Queen of Scots delivered of a child on Wednesday last, but 
whether it be a knave child or lass not yet known. Bruges ; the 
French king ; the Emperor ; the Turk. The Queen of Scots hath a 
son [James VI.]. The amity between Leicester and Sussex shall 
continue, Sydney to be thereto conformable. 

June 25. 28. Estimate of the charges for the prest, conduct, and transport 
of 700 soldiers from Bristol to Ireland. 

June [26.] 29. Note of Sir Nicholas Arnold's own reckonings made up to 
June 26. [There is another made up to June 15 at that date.'] 

June 26. 30. Adam Loftus, Archbishop of Armagh, to Cecill. If Gaffney 
be preferred to the bishoprick of Ossory, his livings to be bestowed 
on a godly man, Mr. Leche, to whom they are promised. 

June 27. 31. Lord Deputy to the Privy Council in favour of the bearer 
Kilmainham. Sir Geo. Stanley. He has entered bonds of 4,OOOZ. to pay the 

Queen, the country, and the soldier before Christmas. His well 

dealing with his creditors. 



1566. VOL.XVIIL 

June 27. 32. Lord Deputy to the Privy Council, for the bearer Sir Wm. 

Kilmainham. Fytzwylliams to have expedition in his causes, and to be returned 
speedily to his charge. Capt. Henry Colley threatened with a 
journey into England to answer as to his checks before their Lord- 
ships ; he is Seneschal of King's county, where his service is necessary 
in this perilous time. Star Chamber orders wanted. Sir H. Rade- 
clyfTs soldiers should have their reckonings. The Spanish mer- 
chants and their factor, Madriage, shall have justice. Thomas 
Phetyplace sent over by the bearer. 

[June 28.] 33. Commissioners of Checks to the Queen. Discourse of the 
check matters addressed to the Privy Council. The Queen to be 
gracious in defence of Sir N. Arnold. His government commended. 
The onus of the delay cast upon the captains. 13,420Z. 18s. 8d. 

[June 28.] 34. Copy of a book of checks delivered by the Check Com- 
mission to the Lord Deputy, showing the names of the captains 
checked and the sum stalled upon every of them, amounting to 
13,420?. 18s. 8d. 

June 28. 35. The Commissioners associated with Sir N. Arnold for the 
Dublin. check matters to the Privy Council. Credit to be given to Arnold. 
Arnold to be protected against all who maliciously seek against him. 

35. i. Discourse of the proceedings of the Check Commission, 
attested by Sir N. Arnold and the other Commissioners. 

June 29. 36. Proportion of ordnance, artillery, and munitions appointed 
to be sent into Ireland. Note of armour and munitions to be 
conveyed from the Tower to Bristol, &c., subscribed by Edward 
Randolfe, Esq., Lieutenant of Her Majesty's Ordnance. 

July 3. 37. Adam Loftus, Archbishop of Armagh, to Cecill, commending 
Dublin. the bearer James Macchawell [M'Caghwell] to be Archbishop of 

July 3. 38. Estimate of the marine charge for conduct of the men and 
armour into Ireland. 

July 3. 39. Memorandum of deal and other necessaries, to be delivered 
to the Master Brewer. Transport of munition and victual under the 
conduct of Geoffrey Vaghan. Choice of soldiers. Note of armour. 

[July 4.] 40. Memoranda for the raising and equipping 1,000 men for 
service in Ireland ; 300 to be sent from Berwick to the Isle of Man, 
under the charge of Captains Cornwall, Gourley, and Browne ; the 
residue to be sent from other English counties. 

July 5. 
St. James's. 

41. Queen Elizabeth to Lord Deputy Sydney. Has ordered 300 
harquebusiers with three captains from Berwick to the Isle of Man. 
700 good soldiers to be" conducted from Bristol by Ed. Randolfe, 





July 6. 


July 7. 

July 7. 

St. James's. 

July 7. 
St. James's. 

July 8. 
St. James's. 

July 8. 
St. James's. 

July 8. 

July 8. 


Lieutenant of the Ordnance, who is appointed to be the Coroneli 
[Colonel] of all. Sydney to have the army and hosting against 
O'Neill ready, by the arrival of all these bands in Ireland. Sydney 
to levy 200 horse and 200 foot in Ireland. " Uppon this preparation 
here, we thynk Shan Oneyle will grow into some heat, and percase 
break his bryckle peace, and therefor he is to be seen to, for the 
hurt of the frontyers, as though you had oppen warrs with hym." 
Assurance to the Lord Deputy that speeches uttered by the Earl of 
Sussex against him have been debated, and his truth and loyalty 
are no wise touched. The Earl of Sussex never meant by word 
or deed to charge him with any jot of untruth. Friendship is 
made between the Earls of Sussex and Leicester ; no cause why 
Sydney should not also be on friendly terms with his brother-in-law 

42. Estimate of the Queen's charges growing to the Lord Lieute- 
nant, Lord Justice, and garrisons in Ireland, not already fully paid 
and discharged from 1560 May 24 to 1566 July 6. 

43. Note of certain provisions for Ireland extracted out of Geoffrey 
Vaghan's indenture of July 7, 1566. 

44. Instructions to Geoffrey Vaghan, one of the assistants of the 
Admiralty, appointed to take charge of victuals, &c., by indenture 
from Wynter and Baeshe, and to pass with the same into Ireland. 

45. Copy of the above instructions. 

46. The Queen to the Lord Deputy Sydney. Return of Sir 
Francis Knollys. Resolution to send 1,000 foot to the north of 
Ireland under Randolfe. The Queen's authority to Randolfe to 
cease as soon as Sydney shall give him authority. Victual. The 
treasure sent wij^h Randolfe to be expended solely on the service in 
Ulster. The Queen means not to forget Sydney's former requests. 
Manifest maintenance of rebels not to be suffered. Certificate to be 
made of rebels received to grace, and at whose request. Desmond. 
Sir Nic. Arnold's boldness misliked, Sydney to command him to 
return immediately. 

47. Cecill to same. Leicester and Sussex. Cecill's care to 
forward the Irish causes. Knight's report of Sydney's good success 
in the steel matters. Special messenger appointed to reduce all 
crooked matters between Sussex and Sydney. The Queen very 
earnest therein. 

48. Commission from the Queen to Edward Randolfe, Lieutenant 
of the Ordnance, with authority to levy soldiers for Ireland and to 
conduct them thither. 

49. Instructions for Ed. Randolfe, Lieutenant of the Ordnance, 
presently appointed Captain General and Colonel of the 1,000 men 
appointed for the service in Ireland. Details for the taking up of 




July 8. 

July 9. 


July 11. 


the men and munition. The treasure delivered to him. The inten- 
tion of the service is the recovery and restitution of Ulster to the 
Queen's quiet possession. 

50, 51, 52. Three papers of memoranda for the service in Ireland 
by Sir W. Cecill. 

53. Petition of Cormac O'Conor to the Queen. He proceeded 
into Ireland with Her Majesty's pardon and the grant of a portion 
of his lands, but Henry Colley, the Captain of those parts, refused 
to perform the tenor thereof. O'Couor having returned to Scot- 
land begs for a free pardon, and some portion of living, either in 
Ireland or elsewhere. 

54. Lord Deputy to the Privy Council. Has received the Queen's 
letter of June 16, with resolution of his continuance. Sydney's 
grief that the Lords of the Council have not written to him ; report 
that Sussex had charged Sydney with cowardice and lack of heart. 
Proceedings as to the contents of the Queen's letters of May 14?, 
as to the Baron of Dunboyne, coin and livery, &c. The great 
peril caused thereby. Desmond likely to rebel. Chancellor ; Star 
Chamber; full pay; 100 horse; Sir W. Fytzwylliams's return 
entreated. O'Neill at Dundalk. Sickness of Sydney, and death 
of some of his servants. Incloses, 

54. I. Sir Warhame Sentleger to Sir H. Sydney, Lord Deputy. 
Meeting with the Earl of Desmond at Lough Kirr. Tenor of the 
Queen's letter to Lord Deputy imparted to Desmond. Desmond's 
displeasure, courage, and power. Necessity of ending the con- 
troversies. July 3, Limerick. 

54. ii. Earl of Desmond to the Lord Deputy. To have the benefit 
of the Queens laws and orders. Has received great wrong. He 
fears he shall be obliged to distrain for his rents. 

July 6, Limerick 

55. M. Kyng to Cecill. Arnold and Bermyngham have set a 
check of 500Z. on his head. Would not give him a copy. Desires 
that they may not succeed in causing him to be called to England, 
but that Cecill will appoint the matter to be determined by the 
Lord Deputy. 

July 16. 56. Lord Deputy Sydney to Cecill. Recommends the bearer, 
Marnington. Patrick Gough, merchant of Dublin. His repair into Flanders ; 
commodities necessary for Ireland to be obtained there cheap. 

July 16. 57. Same to same, for Draycott, the Master of the Rolls, to have 
Marnington. the Chancellorship of the Exchequer for life. 

July 17. 58. The Queen to Colonel Randolfe. Authority to land with the 
army, victual, and munition where it shall seem to him most con- 
venient. 20 butts of sack. Two surgeons to be prested. 

July 16. 





July 17. 


July 18. 


[July 18.] 
July 19. 


59. Lord Deputy Sydney to Cecill. The warrant to Arnold for 
Robert Loftus to have the rectory of Dunboyne not sufficient. Suit 
for Loftus to have the reversion of the parsonage of Narrow parcel 
of Tomling-begg, co. Kildare. 

60. Same to the Privy Council, in favour of the bearer George 
Parysh, gent. That the bargain concluded between him and George 
Gerland, for the exchange of certain lands in the county of Heath, 
may be perfected. 

61. Petition of George Parysh, gent., to Cecill. His state when he 
came from Scotland, the charges of his suit, his loss by French- 
men, &c. Seeks redress of George Gerland. 

62. Cecill to Lord Deputy Sydney. Randolfe with the full numbers 
of men of war, victuals and ships. Unlucky disappointment of 
more plenty of money from Antwerp. The people there desire a 
change in religion, one part after the order of the Augustan Confession, 
an other after Geneva. A good conclusion desired between Sussex 
and Sydney. Good friendship between Leicester and Sussex. Star 
Chamber orders. 

July 21. 63. Prests delivered by Valentine Browne to the captains of the 
Berwick bands, despatched for Ireland, to be defalked upon their 
next pays. 

July 24. 64. Memorandum of the monies disbursed for Ireland from 1565, 
July 13, to 1566, July 24. 

July 25. Henry Draycott to the Earl of Ormond. Has received 
Ormond's letters of June 27. John Bathe, the Chief Chamberlain 
of the Exchequer, is departed, Draycott has obtained his office for a 
dependant. Earl of Desmond's suit for renewal of his lease of the 
manor of Onagh. [See No. 94. Aug. 21.] 

July 31. 65. Lord Treasurer Winchester to the Lord Deputy. Ralph 
Knight, the Deputy's servant, disappointed from payment of the 
500L taken up. Sydney to spare such doings without warrant. 
If Sydney owe money to the Queen he may write to Winchester, 
who will do all he may. 

July 31. 66. Lord Deputy Sydney to the Privy Council, in favour of the 
Maryverton. su it of Mr. James Butler, for the late Abbey of Dusk. 

[July 31.] 67. Petition of James Butler, Esq. brother of the Earl of Ormond 
to the Queen, for the fee farm of the late Abbey of Dusk, the 
monastery or priory of Fertnegeragh in the county of Kilkenny, 
and the village called Shanevanyster in the same county. 

[July 31.] 68, 69. Two other petitions of the same for the same. 
July. 70. Memorandum as to monies provided for Ireland. 

July. 71. Memorandum as to the captains and soldiers for Ireland. 




Aug. 4. 

Aug. 6. 

Tower Hill. 

Aug. 7. 

Aug. 9. 

Aug. 9. 
Aug. 10. 



72, Articles of interrogatory, delivered to the Queen by the Earl 
of Ormond to be administered to Sir N. Arnold, with Arnold's 
answers in the margin by Cecill. 

73. Memorial for the Earl of Sussex, touching the charges objected 
against him by Sir N. Arnold, and in Bermyngham's information. 

74. Edward Baeshe to Cecill. Informs him of the proceedings 
of Geoffrey Vaghan and Wynter, in the Irish victualling business. 

74. i. Geoffrey Vaghan to Edward Baeshe, Esq., General Surveyor 
of Victuals. They depart from Gravesend the next tide. 

Aug. 2, Graveaend. 

75. Hugh Curwen, Archbishop of Dublin and Lord Chancellor, to 
the Privy Council. Receipt of the Queen's letters to the Lord Justice 
and Lord Chancellor to take the surrender of the lordship of Agher 
of George Gerland in favour of George Parysh, gent. Gerland's 
refusal to make the aforesaid surrender, or to come before the Chan- 
cellor. The Privy Council to devise some remedy for G. Parysh, the 

76. The Queen to the Lord Deputy, for continuance of such 
captains as went with Colonel Randplfe, and for allowance of two 
surgeons. [Draft on the cover of an old letter to Cecill.] 

77. Copy of the above. 

78. Thomas Maisterson to Mr. Vice-Chamberlain Knollys. Has 
been sick. The west of Ireland is in quietness. Universal joy at 
the abolishing of coin and livery. Beseeches Knollys not to agree 
to its being restored. Mr. White to be protected with Her Majesty's 

Aug. 11. 79. A note by Cecill of the matters wherewith the Earl of Sussex 
was charged by Sir N. Arnold. 

Aug. 13. 80. The Queen to the Lord Deputy. Mislikes the great disorders 
Colly weston. already begun by the sufferance of the Earl of Desmond to grow in 
strength by confederation with outlaws and rebels. Assembly of 
kerne and galloglas to be prohibited. The Viscount Barry to have 
respite of the fine laid on him by Sir Thomas Cusake. The Earl of 
Ormond's brethren and friends, and such other as are known to 
be our good subjects, to be encouraged to resist Desmond. Two 
kinds of coin and livery, the one of them to be allowed of for the 
present, for those who use it for the Queen's service. Certain 
governments and rules of countries have lately been taken from the 
Earl of Ormond, his brethren, and other his friends, without neces- 
sary cause. Order to be taken for the apprehension of certain 
notorious rebels and outlaws maintained by the Earl of Desmond 
and his brother John of Desmond, who have of late committed 
spoils and wastes upon the countries of the Earl of Ormond. 


Aug. 13. 


Aug. 15. 


81. Cecil! to the Lord Deputy. Has had some hard dealing with 
Her Majesty about the writing of the letter now sent. Sydney not 
to dismay himself in the government. Cecill has been plain with 
the Earl of Ormond. Cecill was put to a great shift to help the Irish 
merchants to the 1,1001. Sir Thomas Gresham has gone to Antwerp 
to get more money for Sydney. 

82. Articles declaring Sir Nicholas Arnold's indirect proceedings 
in the execution of several commissions granted to him by the 
Queen, and his disordered doings in the time of his government, 
with the great charges growing thereby. [A long and detailed 

[Aug. 15.] 83. The answer of Sir Nicholas Arnold to the crafty book 
exhibited against him, intituled Articles declaring, &c. A long and 
querulous refutation. Copy, with refutatory notes in the margin. 

[Aug. 15.] 84. Abridgement of the articles against Sir N. Arnold, and of his 
answers thereto, with a peroration of the charges by Sir W. Cecill. 

[Aug. 15.] 85. A brief of the matters objected against Sir N. Arnold, with 
his answers thereto. [All in Cecill' s hand.] 

[Aug. 15.] 86. Abridgement of the controversy between the Earl of Sussex 
and Sir N. Arnold. 

Aug. 15. 

Aug. 16. 


Aug. 16. 

87. Memorandum of the money to be disbursed by the Treasurer 
in England for Irish causes, with notes as to the transport of the 
men, victual, &c. 

88. Edward Baeshe to Cecill. Proceedings of Vaghan and 
Wynter. Baeshe and Wynter will take up upon credit the pro- 
visions which are required, above the ordinary estimate, by the 
frowardness of the wind. 

89. Thomas Lancaster to same. O'Neill would not come to the 
Lord Deputy at Dundalk. O'Neill has entered the English Pale 
with fire and sword. He besieged Dundalk July 29. Repulsed by 
John Fytzwylliams. Proclaimed a traitor August 3. He has broken 
down the metropolitan church of Armagh, and razed many castles 
in Ulster and Lecale. He has entered Fermanagh and expelled 
Maguire. Earl of Clanrycard and Sir W. Burke made friends, 
August 14. Mineral affairs. 

Aug. 17. 90. The Queen to Edward Horsey, Esq. To deliver to the Mayor 
Coventry. o f Westchester 1,200?. out of the treasure he is conveying to 
Ireland, that the said Mayor may pay over the same to the mer- 
chants of Dublin who have lent money to the Lord Deputy. 

Aug. 18. 91. Edward Horsey to Cecill. He has been several times at sea, 
Hoiyhead. and in sight of Ireland, but driven back by contrary winds. 

Aug. 19. 92. Same to same. Has received the privy seal for the merchants 
Holyhcad. o f Dublin, but cannot repair to Westchester to pay over the 1,2001. 
Will represent the matter to the Lord Deputy. 



Aug. 19. 



93. Lord Deputy Sydney to Cecill. Imperfection of the Irish 
Bishops. Sir John Deveroux recommended to succeed the late 
Bishop of Femes, and to have his deanery in commendam. 

Aug. 21. 94. The Queen to the Lord Deputy. The lease of the manor of 
Kcnihvorth Onagh not to be renewed to the Earl of Desmond, but a lease 
thereof to be made to the Earl of Ormond. 


Aug. 27. 95. Nicholas Deveroux to Cecill. For the preferment of Sir John 
Baimaghir in Deveroux, Dean of Femes, to the bishoprick of Femes. The bearer 
Co.Wexford. Deveroux commended. 




96. Brief of the answer of the Earl of Sussex to Bermyngham's 
objections to the Earl's muster book, delivered 21 March 1563/4. 

97. Petition of Anthony Colcloght, of Tintern, co. Wexford, gent., 
to the Privy Council, for the fee farm of the Abbey of Tintern. 

98. Particular of the value of Tintern and its appurtenances, for 
Mr. Colcloght. [Mem., see vol. XIX, No. 22. 1566, Oct. 12.] 

Sept, 3. 


Sept. 3. 


Sept. 4. 


Sept. 6. 


Sept. 6. 



1. Adam Loftus, Archbishop of Armagh, to Cecill. Goes to 
Cambridge to recover his health. Bishop of Meath unfit for the see 
of Dublin. Deveroux a wicked man, and not to be appointed to 
Femes. He is deprived of his deanery. O'Neill's invasion of the 
Pale and assault on Duudalk. John Fytzwylliams. Hosting, 
August 26. Earl of Desmond has invaded the Lord Fytzmaurice's 
country. His obedience doubted. 

2. Colonel Edward Randolfe to same. The bearer, Mr. Wynter, 
will declare all particulars. The contrary winds have stayed them 
from reaping Shane's harvest. Begs Cecill's friendship, as he fears 
his enemies will take the occasion against him. 

3. Lord Treasurer Winchester and Edward Baeshe to the Privy 
Council. Relate the whole of the proceedings of Colonel Eandolfe 
and the victuallers during their stay at Bristol and Portsmouth for 
wind. They will meet off Scilly, not Milford. Proposals for the 
staple of victualling. 

4. Mr. William Wynter to Cecill. Departure of Geoffrey Vaghan 
from Portsmouth and Colonel Randolfe from Bristol. 

5. Same to the Privy Council, 
from Portsmouth, September 3. 

Vaghan sailed with his company 
Colonel Randolfe and his bands 

sailed this morning. Excellent condition of the troops. 



Sept. 8. 


Sept. 9. 


Sept. 9. 


6. Mr. William Wynter to the Lord Treasurer Winchester. 
Desires money to pay for the provisions he has taken up on credit 
for the troops, according to the command of the Privy Council, 
whose letter the bearer, Roger Monoxe, will show. Departure of 
Randolfe and Vaghan. Incloses, 

6. i. Estimate of the charges laid out for the transport of 
Colonel Randolfe and 700 soldiers. Sept. 7. 

7. Shane O'Neill to John of Desmond. The English have no 
other view but to subdue both the English and Irish Pale. The 
three last Deputies have broken the peace. They would have 
attacked John of Desmond, only for Shane O'Neill. They have not 
the good luck of war. Shane has robbed and burnt Meath. Now 
is the time, or never, for them both to set against the English. 
English translation. 

8. Copy of the above. 

Sept. 11. 9. Lord Treasurer Winchester to Cecill, relative to defraying the 
extra charge occasioned by the delay of the army going for Ireland. 

Sept. 12. 10. Edward Baeshe to Cecill. For ready money, to pay for the 
Stansted. victuals taken up on credit for the soldiers for Ireland. Incloses, 

10. i. Estimate of the charges encreased upon the provisions 
estimated for the service in Ireland. Sept. 

Sept. 9 & 14. 11. Lord Deputy Sydney to the Privy Council. Has received 
Drogheda. their letters declaring their opinion of his absolution from the 
slander and infamy reported of him. The bearer, Mr. Horsey, will 
declare the pitiful case of the poor for want of money, the mutinies 
of the soldiers, &c. 15,0001. more wanted immediately. Siege of 
Dundalk. Valiant defence. Earl of Argyle. Shane O'Neill 
maketh new mean to Alexander Oge, Captain of Canty re, and brother 
to James M'Donnell, to aid him in his rebellion. Three hundred 
soldiers from Berwick, under Cornwall, Gurley, and Browne, arrived 
August 31. Earl of Desmond's voluntary repair to the Lord Deputy 
and dutifulness to the Queen. Expects Colonel Randolfe by the 
present wind. Victuals arrived at Carlingford. 

Sept. 10 & 14. 12. Lord Deputy to Cecill. Many thanks for his friendly letters. 

Drogheda. Earnest desire to be recalled. Money. Recommends the suits of 

Draycott and Crofte. Tho. Phetyplace delivered to Mr. Horsey, 

the bearer. News from Colonel Randolfe. Arrival of victual. 


12. i. Bill for the warrant for the patent of the Master of the 
Eolls. Latin. 

Sept. 14. 13. Hugh Bradie, Bishop of Meath, to Cecill. The delay of the 
Ardbraccan. troops from England, which were promised for the beginning of 
August, lamented. The rebel has reaped the corn, and hid it in 
woods and caves. The corn in the English yards burned by the 
O'Reillys. Dispute with the Archbishop of Armagh in the execution 
of the commission for causes ecclesiastical. 




14. Lord Deputy Sydney to Cecill. The corn arrived at Car- 
is quite spoiled. A new supply thereof wanted imme- 


Sept. 21. 

C amp on the 
borders of 


Sept. 24. 15. The Queen to the Lord Deputy and Lord Chancellor. Not to 
Richmond, suffer advantage to be taken against Piers Butler of his recognizance 
to deliver certain lands, to the possession of his brother the Baron 
of Dunboyne. Also instructions to take order for the Castle of 
Croughane, and the goods to be sequestered from the said Baron 
of Dunboyne. 

Sept. 24. 16. Piers Butler's remembrance, for obtaining the Queen's letters 
for his discharge of a recognizance for delivery of his lands to the 
Baron of Dunboyne, &c. 


Oct. 3. 

17. Earl of Ormond and Ossory to [Cecill?] Sends the bearer, 
Mr. Sherlock, to show how the Earl of Desmond and his brother John 
and others, receive and succour the proclaimed traitors, Connell 
M'Shane Glishe, Walter Burke, John Burke, Piers Grace, and Shane 
Etlee O'Carroll. 

18. Sum of the checks of Sir W. Fytzwylliams. 
from his patent of office. 

Also extract 

Oct. 5. 19. Adam Loftus, Archbishop of Armagh, to Cecill. Suits as to 
Trinity College, the Irish church and the bishoprick of Dublin renewed. Certain 
Cambridge. reasons prevent him from coming to London. 

Oct. 8. 20. A view of Sir W. Fytzwylliams's account from 1559 to 1565/6. 
16th March. 

Oct. 9. 21 . Brief declaration of monies paid out of the Court of Wards 
and Liveries to Sir W. Fytzwylliams and others, for the affairs of 
Ireland during Her Majesty's reign. 

Oct. 12. 22. The Queen to the Lord Deputy, &c. A lease in reversion of a 
Westminster certain house for 31 years to be granted to Anthony Colcloght, of 
Tintern, in co. Wexford. A lease in reversion of the parsonage of 
Narrowe to Robert Loftus. Sir John Deveroux to have the bishop- 
rick of Femes, together with the deanery thereof, in commendam. 

Oct. 14 ? 23. Petition of Richard Fyan, of Dublin, alderman, to the Lord 
Deputy and Council, showing his losses by the erection of St. 
Patrick's in Queen Mary's time, and the 263?. he has advanced for 
the Queen's service. Desires letters to the Privy Council in England, 
that he may be relieved from the cruel extremity wherein he is now 

24. The Queen to the Lord Deputy Sydney. The bearer, Henry 
Stafford, Esq., to be restored to his office of Captainship of Dun- 
garvan, in consideration of his long service, and no cause being 
shown for his being displaced. 

Oct. 20. 




Oct. 20. 25. A memorial of instructions for Edward Horsey, gent., Captain 
of the Isle of Wight, sent into Ireland to aid the Lord Deputy in 
Council, during the northern wars against Shane O'Neill. To show 
Sydney the Queen's intentions. The Queen cannot allow of his 
being guided in government by the Councillors of Irish birth. 
Earls of Ormond and Desmond. Chancellor. Queen's thoughts as 
to the restoration of Sir G. Stanley to .the Marshal's office. Earl of 
Argyle and Queen of Scots. Provision of grain. 

Oct. 20. 26. The Queen to the Lord Deputy. Sends Captain Edward 
Horsey to assist him in council. He is to be used in some good 

Oct. 20. 27. Cecill to same. Condolence for him in his great burden 
of government and uncertain comfort. Cecill tossed in a sea 
of envy, malice, disdain, suspicion. Advice. Earl of Ormond. 
Earl of Desmond disliked by the Queen. Edward Horsey, the 
bearer, commended. Sydney should write more frequently. Cecill 
has received, through Mr. Roberts, Sydney's token, and promises 
further favour to Sydney's steel matters. 

Oct. 26. 28. Bermyngham's notes upon the defaults of the three books of 
Sir W. Fytzwylliams's accounts. 

Oct. 27. 29. Colonel Eandolfe to Cecill. Cannot purchase provisions 

Deny. either for love or money. The Lord Deputy took order for the 

purchase of 280 beeves. General want of provisions to be supplied. 

O'Donnell's proceedings. O'Cahan feeds his kine on the other side 

of the river. Randolfe will try to go beyond him. 

Oct. 27. 30. Memorandum of a proportion of munition for the Derry. 

Nov. 3. 31. A. Loftus, Archbishop of Armagh, to Cecill. Incloses a 

Southwark. letter from Ireland, showing the waste and destruction of the whole 

of his temporalities, He has nothing left but the bare house and 

four-score acres of ground at Termonfeckin. He desires remission 

of a small sum, and to resign the archbishoprick. 

[Nov. 6.] 32. Note of the annual value of the spiritualities and temporalities 
of St. John's without Newgate in Dublin, and other possessions 
petitioned for, by Sir Edmund Butler. 

[Nov. 6.] 33. Memorandum of Sir Edmund Butler's requests to the Queen, 
for certain lands specified in fee farm. 

Nov. 6. 34. Petition of Sir Edmund Butler to the Queen, for the fee farm 
of certain lands in Ireland. 

Nov. 7. 35. Adam Loftus, Archbishop of Armagh, to Cecill, in favour 
of the tear tr, M'Caghwell, to have the vacant archbishoprick of 



Nov. 8. 


Nov. 8. 


Nov. 8. 



36. Captain Thomas Browne to [the Lord Deputy]. Alexander 
Oge M'Donnell arrived in the Glynns on the 4th. The 5th he passed 
by Knockfergus, and Alexander Carragh in his company, with 
1,200 men. The 8th he sends messengers to Captain Pers, who was 
in Arde. Captain Browne's interviews with them both. Agreement 
to serve the Queen. Mention of Captain Pers's brother. Great preys 
taken of the rebel. \Copy, certified by Sir H. Sydney.] 

37. The Queen to the Lord Deputy ; in favour of Sir Edmund 
Butler. Draft crossed out, with a note in the margin, giving the 
tenor of a new one written for him. 

38. The same to the same ; in favour of Patrick Sherlock's 
petition, as to his lease of the late priory of St. Catharine's beside 
"Waterford. Also that he may be discharged of the demands for 
rent of certain parsonages and rectories which he has not. 

[Nov. 8 ?] 39. Petition of Patrick Sherlock of Waterford, gent., to the 
Queen, to have the temporalities of the priory of St. Catharine's and 
Abbey of Mothel in fee farm, together with the lands of one Thomas 
Quemerford [Comerford ?] of Ballimacka, co. Kilkenny. [Probably 
during Ormond's stay in England, as it is endorsed in his hand.] 

Nov. 10. 40. The Queen to the Earl of Warwick, Master of the Ord- 
Westminster. nance, warrant for delivery of munition, and sending the same into 
Ireland, to Col. Randolfe. 

Nov. 10. 41. Memorandum of a proportion of powder and other munition 
Westminster, to be sent from England to Col. Randolfe, at the Derry. 

Nov. 12. 42. The Queen to the Lord Deputy and Lord Chancellor, in 
Westminster, favour of Sir Edmund Butler to have grant of certain lands, viz., 
100 marks in fee farm and 100 marks by lease. 

Nov. 12. 43. Lord Deputy Sydney, Earl of Kildare, Sir Nicholas Bagenall, 
Drogheda. and Francis Agarde, to the Queen. Departure of the army from 
Drogheda, Sept. 17. Death of Edward Vaughan a young gentleman 
of Wales and others in assaulting an island in a lough near Armagh. 
O'Neill's chief house of Benboorb utterly burned. Burn the country 
round Clogher, -Sept. 27. Skirmish. Death of Maguire on the 
march, Sept. 29. Meet with Colonel 
Capt. Jilberde [Gylberte]. Encamp at 
site of the Derry given to the Queen. 
Derry strongly fortified with 600 foot and 50 horse. Take pos- 
session of the castles of Donegal, Ballyshannon, Beleek, Bundrowes, 
and Castle Sligo, in Her Majesty's name, and deliver them to the 
keeping of O'Donnell, and such as he favours. Proposition as to 
O'Conor SJigo holding his great lands of the Queen. O'Conor 
ordered to pay his rent to O'Donnell. Amity between O'Donnell 
and M'Glannoghe, &c. They desire treasure ; 100 good horsemen. 
Meal, bacon, &c., for 1,000 at the Derry. And 500 quarters of oats 
to be sent to Carliugford. 

Randolfe and the bearer 
the Derry, Oct. 12. The 
Col. Randolfe left at the 



1566. - XIX ' 

Nov. 12. 44. Lord Deputy to the Privy Council. Sir W. Fytzwylliams to 
Drogheda. be sent with money. The provision sent with Colonel Randolfe 
insufficient. The bearer Capt. Gylberte will relate Colonel Ran- 
dolfe 's encounter with the rebel at Knockfergus. Strength of O'Neill 
4,000 foot and 700 horse. Scots. Offer of Tho. Fitzsymons, 
merchant of Dublin, to rebuild the town of Haggard of stone, lately 
burned by O'Neill. Cess. Sir Dan. Kavanagh to be Bishop of 
Leighlin. Death of Colonel Randolfe in battle. Ralph Morton and 
Simon Wheeler will relate the circumstances. 300 rebels executed. 
Edward Sayntloo to be colonel. Provision and furniture for the 

[Nov. 12.] 45. Memorial of matters for Ireland. 15,000?., victual, horse, &c. 

Nov. 14. 46. Adam Loftus, Archbishop of Armagh, to Cecill, to procure his 
discharge for the debt of 165?., to the Barons of the Exchequer. 

Nov. 15. 4V. Captain Thomas Wilsford to Cecill. Death of Colonel 
Derry. Randolfe in an engagement with Shane O'Neill. Sickness of the 
army. O'Donnell does not relieve them. 

Nov. 15? 48. The answer of Richard Walshe, declaring that the bill of 
Robert O'Fahy is uncertain and not sufficient to answer. 

[Nov. 15.] 49. Oliver Sutton to Sir Francis Knollys. Has made answers to 
Dublin. certain articles which Knollys delivered to him. Sends a book of 
the said answers by Sir Christopher Gaffney, an honest man who 
has much experience of Ireland. Knollys to question Gaffney on 
Irish matters. Knollys to ask the Queen to write to Sydney to 
show favour to Sutton in passing to him the farms Her Highness 
granted to him. [Indorsed in Sydney's hand by Ja. Gr.~\ 

Nov. 15? 


Nov. 18. 


50. Same to the Earl of Sussex. Has made his steward 
Mr. Holdege privy to all matters falsely objected against him. 
Sutton's repair to Sir Francis Knollys, and answers to his questions. 
Sends a book for his perusal, to be then delivered to his chaplain, 
Sir Christopher Gaffney, who will take it to Knollys. Samson, who 
was gaoler of Offaley, will show Sussex how the late wars were 
procured, to distaste his Lordship's doings. Mr. Colley has much 
evil matter against Arnold and his friends. Sutton has been much 
prejudiced by Arnold. 

51. Lord Deputy Sydney to Cecill. Begs a speedy revocation. 
Copies of Her Majesty's letters to him are in circulation. Desires 
that there may be a parliament called, or the Queen will lose her 
subsidy of 300 marks. Chancellor. Council in Munster. The 
Earl of Desmond thinks it no offence to the Queen, to annoy any 
Butler or any other neighbour. Munition. Letting of Clanky. 
Scots. Provision of grain to be made by his servant Richard Paul. 
The beans last sent quite unserviceable, and said to have been as far 
as Florida. Fytzwylliams and Jenyson to come over. Comfortable 
letters from Her Majesty or the Council, desired for Dublin city, 




Nov. 20. 



Delvin, Howth, Trimletiston, Louth, Hugh Bradie Bishop of Meath, 
Sir Thomas Cusake, and the town of Drogheda. John Garvey, the 
Dean of Christchurch to be of the Council. The horsemen before 

52. Lord Deputy Sydney to Cecill. The doleful news of the death 
of the late worthy Colonel Randolfe, and of the victory that day 
honourably achieved, referred to the report of Ralph Morton and 
Simon Wheeler. Sayntloo appointed Colonel. Arrival of Mr. Horsey. 
Instructions. Sydney's affection fpr Ormond. Desmond has lost 
10,000?. Chancellor. The Queen not to imagine the innate rancour 
of the people will be corrected without authority. Sydney desires 
that his privilege for making steel may be confirmed by Act of 
Parliament. Also a bill to perpetuate his endowments at Tateshall 
in Lincolnshire. 

53. Edward Horsey to same. Death of Colonel Randolfe, one of 
the most experienced soldiers of the age. Morton and Wheeler 
served very valiantly. Sir Edmund Butler daily expected. The 
Lord Deputy will settle the differences between the Earls of Ormond 
and Desmond. 

Nov. 22. 54. Lord Deputy to same, recommending the bearer Simon 
Kilmainham. Wheeler, and especially for his late service at the encounter with the 
rebels, where he was serjeant-major. Ralph Morton also com- 

Nov. 21. 


Nov. 22. 


Nov. 22. 


Nov. 23. 


55. Lord Deputy and Council to the Queen. General hosting of 
the English Pale for six weeks. The Earl of Desmond assisted with 
Sir Warhame Sentleger and Captain Heron and accompanied by his 
brothers John and Thomas, the Lord Fitzmaurice of Kerry, the 
barons of Dunboyne and " Coraghemore," the White Knight and 
others perform good service in preying and burning the O'Reillys' 
country. The Lord Chancellor, the Bishop of Meath, Delvin, 
Trimletiston, Howth, Louth, Kildare, Agarde, Cusake, and others, 
perform good service against O'Neill and other traitors, for the 
burning of divers villages and districts in the English Pale. 
O'Hanlon and many of Shane's men slain. 

56. Nicholas Malbie to Cecill to recommend him for favour to the 
Lord Deputy. The bearer Ralph Morton commended. 

57. Thomas Lancaster to same. Short narrative of the journey 
into Ulster. The castle of Roscommon is very meet for the Lord 
Deputy to occupy occasionally. Encounter of the Colonel Randolfe 
with Shane O'Neill. 400 of Shane's men slain, besides such as 
O'Dogherty slew. The Colonel the only man slain on the English 
side. Successes against O'Neill on the 13th and 16th of October, 
for which three have been knighted by Sydney. Captain Pers hath 
taken great prey in Claneboy. O'Donnell is said to be in O'Neill's 
country with power. 



Nov. 23. 58. Lord Deputy to Cecill. Sends Captain Ralph Morton to 
Kilmainham. declare the service against O'Neill, which was greatly furthered by 
his good advice and valour. Morton to find favour as to his office 
of Dungarvan for which Mr. Stafford has Her Majesty's letters. 

Nov. 23. 59. The Queen to the Lord Treasurer, to prest to Wm. Wynter 
and Edward Baeshe 2,896?. 5s. to ship victual to Ireland at Her 
Majesty's adventure. Also to discharge the Hare with her 40 men, 
lying at Bristol. 

Nov. 24. 60. Memorandum of parcels of munition to be sent with expedition 
to Ireland. 

[Nov. 24.] 61. Munitions for the Lord Deputy of Ireland to be sent by land 
to Westchester, &c. 

[Nov. 24.] 62. Memorandum by Thomas Elyot, Master Gunner of Ireland, 
of other charges for the transportation of the munition, besides the 
allowance of the Tower. 

Nov. 29. 63. The Queen to the Lord Treasurer, to give license to Wynter, 
Baeshe, and others to transport corn, &c. to the garrisons in Ireland. 

Nov. 64. Same to same, to take care of the victualling of the bands in 

Ireland, sent under the charge of [the late] Edward Randolfe, 
Lieutenant of the Ordnance. [Draft.] 

Nov. 65. Estimate of the wages of 1,000 men under E. Randolfe, Esq., 

Colonel in the north parts of Ireland, also of a proportion of victuals 
thought meet to be sent out of England, with other extraordinary 
provision. Ships and hoys. 

Nov. 66. Memorandum of the petitions contained in the Lord Deputy's 

letters from Nov. 12th to 23rd. 

Nov. 30. 67. The Queen to the Lord Deputy ; to investigate and cause 
Westminster, restitution to be made to Sir Edmund Butler, of certain spoils made 
on him by the Earl of Kildare, for preying " M'Moreigh Moyle/' 
under warrant from the Lord Justice Arnold and Council. 

Nov. 30. 68. Same to same. The Earl of Ormond cannot with surety 
Westminster, repair in person to Ireland. He has given authority to his brother 
Sir Edmund Butler, Patrick Sherlock and others, to follow and 
prosecute all matters contained in the orders taken by Her Majesty, 
for the controversies with Desmond, about December last.- The 
Bishop of Waterford, Sir Wm. Fytzwylliams, Henry Draycott, Esq., 
and Richard Fynglas, Esq., Serjeant-at-law, appointed to decide the 
matters in controversy between the two Earls. Certain ordnance 
at Limerick to be delivered to Sir Edmund Butler, for taking certain 
castles in Tipperary held by the Burkes and Ryans. No other 
cesses than such as are customable to be levied on the estates of the 
Earl of Ormond in Arklow, Tally, Rathvilly, Clomnore, Black 
Castle, &c. 





Dec. 8. 69. Lord Deputy Sydney to Cecill, for the favourable imprest to 
Kiiniainham. the bearer, Richard Paul, his servant, for purveying corn, butter, 
and cheese for the army. 

[Dec. 8.] 70. Remembrance for Richard Paul, 
transport into Ireland certain grain. 

to have commission to 

Dec. 12. 


71. Lord Deputy to the Privy Council. Makes an inroad on the 
three O'Reillys. O'Reilly offers any service against them or any 
other rebel. His son John a hostage in Dublin Castle. Hugh 
M'Neill More, Lord of the Fews, has left the rebel and come to 
Dundalk. Shane and Owen O'Reilly and M'Mahon sue to be 
received. Scots. Proposition to plant English on the Ulster 
coast. Desires a grave councillor to assist in compounding the 
controversy between the Earls of Ormond and Desmond. Chancellor. 
Agarde's infirmity. Sir W. Fytzwylliams and Jenyson to be sent 
over. Mr. Horsey. Treasure. Sentleger revoked from Munster. 
Letters of encouragement to Kildare for the apprehension of certain 
of the murderers of the last Baron Delvin's brother. Horsemen ; 

Dec. 12. 72. Edw. Horsey to Cecill. He is hindered from returning 
Kilmainhara. through the delay of Sir Edmund Butler, &c., for whom he will 
wait till Christmas. The Lord Deputy can do nothing in the Earls' 
causes till they come. 

Dec. 19. 73. Lord Deputy to same. Desires speedy resolution what to do 
Kilmainham. w ith the Scots. The bearer Thomas Sackford, my old servant and 
honest kinsman, to procure the pardon of an old priest for coin- 
ing in the marches of Wales. A good plumber and a pavior. 
Victuals. Sydney intends to be in Shane's country on Innocent's 
day. Incloses, 

73. I. Capt. W. Pers to the Lord Deputy. Alexander Oge 
M'Donnell, brother to James M'Donnell ivhom Shane slew, has 
crossed the Ban and slain at least sixty of Shane's men. Hugh 
M'Felim seeks for friendship. Report that if the Queen of Scots 
were not made heir apparent to the crown of England this parlia- 
ment, the Earl of Argyle would be shortly in Ireland to help Shane 
O'Neill. The bearer, Thomas Stevenson, to be paid 201. O'Neill's 
large offers to the Scots. The whole country stuck fast to Shane. 
Dec. 15, Carrickfergus. Inclosing, 

73. II. Attestor M'Ooneill [alias Alexander Oge] to Oapt. Pers. 
Passed with his army to the Ban on Saturday. Drove all the 
create that Brian Carragh M'Cormac M'Donnell had, over the Ban. 
Slew Felim Reoch's son. The Galough O'Donnell is dead, and they 
have made Hugh O'Donnell, O'Donnell. The said O'Donnell came 
to Arycht-I -chain and took a great prey. O'Neill is in Loche 
Monyche. Allestor will come shortly to Knockfergus. Credit to 
the bearer. 

Tuesday, probably IQth Dec., from the Ban side. Original. 



.Dec. 19. 

Dec. 22. 

Dec. 24. 

Dec. 24. 

Dec. 25. 










"74. Estimate of the Queen's charges in Ireland, collected upon a 
former estimate, to 5 July 1566, as well as upon the numbers sup- 
posed to be in wages, from 5 July to 10 Jan. 1566/7, by Auditor 

75. Privy Council to Lord Deputy Sydney. To give order that 
the books and reckonings of the receipts and payments of the late 
Colonel Randolfe may be put in safety ; and to cause some skilful 
person to take his account, by perusing his reckonings and calling 
before them his under officers. [Draft. See the answer, 1566/7, 
Feb. 28.] 

76. Note of the quantities of grain required to be sent into 

77. Note of necessaries to be sent into Ireland, for the furniture of 
the garrison there. 

78. Memorial of matters to be considered for Ireland, provision, 
money, recruits, Parliament, Scots, &c. 

79. Pardon for John Bathe, of Dublin, gent., for rebellion, murder, 
and arson ; and also for Earth. Kussell, of Swords, co. Dublin, for 
felonious razing and forging of charters and records. Latin. 

80. Memorandum of impositions upon counties. Also of spoils, 
burnings, and preys. 

81. Book of the sums of money chargeable upon Sir W. Fytzwyl- 
liams, by W. Bermyngham. 

82. Account of the money received for Ireland, from Sir Thomas 
Gresham, and other officers, with the names of those to whom it was 

83. A brief memorial of service done in Ireland, during the 
government of the Earl of Sussex. 

84. Copy of the above, modern. 

85. A declaration of risings out, and bonnaghts that presently be, 
and hereafter may be, imposed upon the Irish, within the precincts 
of Leinster, Connaught, Meath, and Ulster. [This document shows 
the relative riches and resources of the noble Irish families in 


86. Petition of William Fox to [Cecill], praying for means to 
obtain payment of money due to him, from the late John Parker and 
Andrew Wyse. Offers his travail to obtain the Queen's debts, so 
that he may get his own. 

87. Wm. Lealy, Dean of Tuam, to Mr. Secretary [Cecill.] Incon- 
veniences which might arise to Ireland by preferring the natural 
son to the legitimate and natural issue. It would be repugnant 
to conscience. It would cause the machination of the death of the 
first-born, as it befell the son of O'Neill, and would cause the disquiet 
of the country much more than in the case of Shane O'Neill. Latin. 








88. 89. Petitions of Sir Barnaby Fitzpatrick to the Privy Council. 
That the country of Upper Ossory may be given to his father 
according to the indenture made with Sir Anthony Sentleger and 
other Commissioners. He requireth two friaries. That the country 
may be made shire ground, and laid to such county as shall be fittest 
for the service of Her Majesty. 

90. Note of the fittest competitors by birth, country, and claim, 
against the Earl of Tyrone, O'Donnell, and Sir Hugh Maguire. 

91. Statement of the weakness and poverty of Her Majesty's 
forces in Ireland, and the means how to redress the same. 

92. A motion made by the Lord Deputy and Council, for refor- 
mation of the defects and disorders in arming the bands. 

93. The Countess of Kildare's answer to the orders made by the 
Privy Council on the Earl of Kildare's petition. The Commission to 
examine the Earl's title to such lands and rents as his ancestors had. 


Jan. 4. 

Marty rstown. 

Jan. 10. 


Jan. 11. 


Jan. 12. 


1. Earl of Desmond to the Lord Deputy Sydney. Complains of 
depredations and murders committed by the Earl of Ormond's 
brothers Edward and Piers Butler, and by Piers Butler, brother to 
the Baron of Dunboyne, and his sons James and John, whilst he 
(Desmond) was serving in the English Pale. Theobald Fitz-Richard, 
of the Grenan in Onaght, sets the Lord Deputy's letters at nought, 
and withholds from Desmond the Castle of Downskey. Incloses, 

1. I. Note of burnings, spoils, and murders committed by the 
Butlers against the Earl of Desmond, since his going to serve the 
Queen in the English Pale. 

2. Lord Deputy Sydney to the Privy Council, in commendation 
of the suits of the Baron Delvin. 

3. Cecill to the Lord Deputy. Sufferings by the gout. The Queen 
will this day resolve on Sydney's matters. Cecill will attempt to 
creep to her for the despatch of Sydney's business. Thomas Jenyson 
will be sent with money. Incloses, 

3. I. Copy of the last memorial that Cecill sent to the Queen and 
Council, with the matters to be considered for Ireland, viz., provi- 
sions, money, recruits, Parliament, Scots. 1566, Dec. 25. 

4. Henry Draycott, Master of the Rolls, to Cecill. Thanks for 
obtaining his bill to be signed for his office. Thinks he has been 
hardly dealt with, in the alterations of the wording of his patent, 
and begs him to obtain a letter to the Lord Deputy to pass his said 
office in as large and ample manner as any heretofore. 



1567. VOL ' XX " 

Dec. ]8. 5. Geoffrey Vaghan to Wm. Wynter and Edw. Baeshe, Esqs. 

and Many of the soldiers dead. Captain Schryven dead. Captain 

Jan. 13. Thomas Wilsford sore sick. O'Donnell's horse stumbled while he 

Derry. was coming to the Derry, and he fell down, and so died. His brother 

Hugh O'Donnell elected Lord O'Donnell. Discontent of the soldiers. 

Provisions wanted. Jan. 13, 1566. Arrival of Sayntloo to be colonel. 

Damage done to the victuals just arrived. Sickness. Want of money. 

Jan. 1 3. 6. Colonel Edward Sayntloo to be Lord Deputy. Sickness. Craves 
Derry. a speedy supply of 250 foot, 10 horsemen, and 30 men for the brigan- 
dine. The wages of the men must be raised, or the prices of the 
victuals diminished. 

Jan. 14. 7. Instructions to Simon Wheeler to levy a hundred such soldiers 
as will willingly go with him to Ireland. 

Jan. 1 6. 8. The Queen to the Lord Deputy. Thanks for the good service 
[Westminster.] i n Ulster. The restoration of O'Donnell. Instructions as to calling 
a Parliament : " except the same might appeere very necessary, we 
have small disposition to assent to any Parlement." Instructions 
to tract time with the Scots. The Queen to be particularly informed 
of the state of the countries formerly held by James H'Donnell. 
The Lord Deputy to devise for a greater aid next year, besides the 
ordinary subsidy, for the reformation of Ulster. Difficulty respecting 
the Scottish leader, Alexander Oge, brother to James M'Donnell, 
who " hath very well servid in prayeng upon Shane." " We take it 
for certen, that the best way were, as you also have thought (if 
tyme and other oportunityes might serve us), to suffre no Scot to 
have any habitation or abode in Ireland/' The Lord Deputy to 
suffer as few Scots to come into the north as may be. " We have 
also in this behalf an intention to wryte to the Queen of Scots, to 
prohibit the frequentation and passage of her people into that our 
realm, which at this very present we do forbeare untill the retourn 
of our cosin thearle of Bedford/' A Chancellor resolved on. Adam 
Loftus, who is one much commended for his wisdom and integrity, 
shall be Archbishop of Dublin ; and some other man, of less estima- 
tion, may be found out meet to have Armagh. Does not allow of 
Sir Warhame Sentleger as President of Munster, as he is not likely 
to be so indifferent in the cases of the two Earls of Desmond and 
Ormond as were meet. Assents to the Lord Deputy's request for 
making two principal market towns, viz., Maryborough and Philips- 
town, in Leix and OfFaley. Thomas Fitzsymons may have the village 
called the Haggard, on condition of fortifying it. Additional par- 
ticulars to be furnished as to the proposals for letting Clanky. To 
send word what offer has been made for farming the fishing of the 
Ban. Jenyson with 6,000/. Victuals. 100 horse. Captain Pers's 
desire to have 50 horse for reducing the country about Knockfergus. 

Jan. 16. 9. Cecill to same. The people repine to send soldiers as now-a- 
days captains require them. Lack of money. Gout. 

Jan. 16. 10. Nicholas Malbye to Cecill. The bearer, Edward Horsey, will 
Kilmainham. make a general relation. Malbye's suit to be confirmed in the office 
of serjeant-major. 




Jan. [16.] 11. John Denton, " marchant taylior," to Cecill. Eecommends 

On ship-board three books, composed by Rowland White, on the mineral and other 

Head'of Howth. affairs of Ireland. Sir Geo. Stanley and Sir Henry Radeclyff have 

' dealt severely with him. One John Langtrie has withstood him in 

his service to Cecill and the Mineral Company ; and, by crafty 

dealing and procuring his imprisonment, have nearly ruined him. 

He desires countenance, justice, and letters to Sir G. Stanley. 

In closes, 

11. i. J. Denton s relation to Cecill. The manner of spending 
his time since he received Cecill' s letter of 1564/5, January 6. 
His endeavours in the provision of ^voods ) according to the direc- 
tions of Mr. Lionel Duket. Jan. 16. 

Jan. 18. 12. Lord Deputy Sydney to Cecill. Chancellor. Recommends 
Kilmainham. Mr. Goodman to be Bishop of Dublin. Desires to be revoked. 

Jan. 18. 13. Same to the Privy Council. Has taken a prey in Magennis's 
Kilmainham. country. These winter wars have daunted Shane's courage. Has 
not answered Shane's letters. Alexander Oge M'Donnell spoils 
Shane about Knockfergus, the Glynns, the Route and O'Cahan's 
country. The Treasurer Fytzwylliams and Auditor Jenyson to 
be sent. Munition. Elyot to have commission to take up timber, 
&c. Manner of O'Donnell's death, and succession of Hugh M'Manus 
O'Donnell. Writing of Cuconnaught Maguire, Captain of Fermanagh. 

13. I. Shane O'Neill to the Lord Deputy and Council. Declares 
he never demanded any thing but what was contained in his 
articles of peace with Sir Thomas Cusake. Offers to agree to the 
said articles at any time. Latin. 1566, Dec. 29, Dundawalla. 

13. II. Richard Creagh, the Pope's titular Archbishop of 
Armagh, to the Lord Deputy. The manner of his obtaining the 
archbishoprick from the Pope. Shane's reasons for burning the 
Cathedral .of Armagh. Desires to be instructed whether he should 
move Shane to make peace; whether they shall be allowed their 
old service in churches ; and, if the Earl of Leicester has received 
his letters from Spain. 1566, Dec. 25, Duaynawll. 

1 3. in. Note of a proportion of munition subscribed by Sydney, 
^vh^ch he desires may be sent by Thomas Elyot, the Master Gunner. 

Nov. 24. 

14. Mabell, Countess of Kildare, to Cecill. Mr. Horsey will show 
her condolence for his infirmity and sickness [of the gout]. 

15. Lord Deputy to same. Munition for the Master Gunner. 
Thomas Elyot's suits recommended for favourable countenance. 
Elyot has served the space of 30 years. 

[Jan. 19.] 16. Petition of Thomas Elyot to the Earl of Sussex, to move Her 
Majesty to grant him 31 years in reversion of his lease of the 
rectories of Assey and Rettayne. 

17. Adam Loftus, Archbishop of Armagh, to Cecill. Commends 
Mr. Christopher Goodman for the bishoprick of Dublin. 

Jan. 19. 


Jan. 19. 


Jan. 22. 




Jan. 26. 18. Lord Deputy to Cecill, for 1,191?. 16s. 4c?. to be paid to 
Kilmainham. Christopher Seagrave, and 1,000?. to Nicholas Fitzsymmons, merchants 

of Dublin, taken up by Sydney, and disbursed for the victualling and 

clothing of the army. 

Jan. 29. 19. Same to same. Eecommends the petition of the bearer Captain 
Lachaugh. Brian Fitzwylliams, respecting the checks set upon him. by the late 

Jan. ? 20. Petition of Simon Darcye to the Privy Council for payment 

of 733?. 10s. 9d. English, disbursed by his master Nicholas Fitz- 
symmons of Dublin, Alderman, for the provision of Her Majesty's 
garrison in the north and other parts of Ireland. 

Jan.? 21. A note of such munition and furniture as is wanting for 

the service at Derry, in the storehouse, brigandine, galley, and boats. 
Also such things as are needful for the furnishing of small tents 
meet for the camp, to be carried on garrons' backs. 

Feb. 1. 22. Shane O'Neill to the Cardinals of Lorraine and Guise. Desires 
Armagh. them to use their influence with the French King to send an army 
to assist him, that he may restore and defend the Roman Catholic 
faith. Recalls to their recollection the circumstance of the Marquis 
having killed two stags with one shot of an arrow while hunting 
five years ago in the English Court. Latin. 

Feb. 3. 23. Earl of Kildare to Cecill. Sends his man Bardolf with a 
Maynooth. transcript of the inquisitions taken of his father's manors and here- 
ditaments. Desires CecilTs assistance to obtain Her Majesty's further 
order for the assurance of the same to him. 

Feb. 6. 24. A note of wheat, malt, beans, peas, and oats, bought and 
bargained for, by Richard Paul, to be transported into Ireland. 

Feb. 7. 25. Note by Sir W. Fytzwylliams of certain monies, which the 
Lord Deputy has desired him to travail with Cecill for the payment 
of, to Fitzsymmons, Seagrave, and Tyrrell. 

Feb. 7. 26. Note of money paid by Sir Win. Damsell out of the Court of 
Wards and Liveries, for the affairs of Ireland, by warrant of Jan. 13. 

Feb. 8. 27. Lord Deputy to Sir Wm. Cecil!. For repayment to the Earl 
Culkm, in O f Orniond of 500?. borrowed of his Lordship's officers in Ireland. 

Upper Ossory. 

Feb 8. 


Feb. 9. 

28. Colonel Edward Sayntloo to the Lord Deputy. Has not 
heard from Knockfergus. O'Donnell is contented to pay the 36 
beeves. Thomas Morgan appointed to supersede Blunt. Journey 
into O'Cahan's country. Has burned to the Ban, preyed and spoiled 
10,000 cattle and 700 garrons, and received to mercy one Richard 
O'Cahan. Wants 300 foot, 20 horse, and 30 men for the brigandine. 
Has received victuals from England. 

29. Note of provisions made by Ralph Knight and Ric. Paul, 
for which there is present money to be paid. 



Feb. 14. 30. Note or estimate of the charges of the Hare for the service at 
the Deny, subscribed by W. Wynter and E. Baeshe. 

Feb. 15. 31. Note of munitions sent into Ireland between Christmas 1564 
and Christmas 1566. The particulars also of a proportion now 
demanded. With a note of store remaining in the Tower of London. 

Feb. 16. 32. Capt. Thos. Wilsford to Cecill. Colonel Randolfe succeeded 

Derry. by Edward Sayntloo. Sickness of the men. Rebels come in. 

Richard O'Cahan, with his wife and all his creat, received to mercy. 

Shane's followers fall from him apace. Talk that Shane himself 

would gladly come in. The enterprize likely to succeed if followed up. 

Feb. 17. 33. Note of such sums as have passed by warrant from the 
Council Board for Ireland, from the 16th March 1564/5, to the 
17th of February 1 566/7. 

[Feb. 17-] 34. Particular note of 1,0001. demanded by Nic. Fitzsymmons, 
for furniture sent to the garrison at the Derry. 

Feb. 20. 35. The Queen to the Lord Deputy and Chancellor of Ireland, 
for a grant to be made to Geo. Parysh, of 17?. 2. Qd. per annum, 
the rent of the manor of Agher, and also remainder to him of the 
said manor, after the determination of the estate tale made to Geo. 

Feb. 25. 36. Cecill to the Lord Deputy. Has spared no diligence to accom- 
plish his desires. Ralph Knight and Richard Paul have 1,710?. 
for grain and cloth. Wynter and Baeshe have had warrant for six 
months victual for the Derry. Munition sent by Elyot. 250 soldiers. 
The Queen of Scots is an unfortunate widow. She hath prohibited 
the coming of more Scots into Ireland. Chancellor. 

Feb. 37. Bermyngham's book, charging money upon the Earl of Sussex. 

Feb. 38. Bermyngham's last book of the Earl of Sussex's debt for 


Feb. 20 & 27. 39. Copy of Bermyngham's charges upon the Earl of Sussex, with 
marginal notes of refutation. 

Feb. 28. 40. Lord Deputy to the Privy Council. Has written to Colonel 
Sayntloo, to send Win. Sparrow with Colonel Randolfe's papers. 
Sparrow's honesty in making certificate of 500?. remaining in his 
hands on the death of the Colonel. 

March 4. 41. Same to Cecill. Thanks for his letters of comfort. Sydney's 
Waterford. disease. Laments that his service is not esteemed. Recommends 
the planting of English to keep out the Scots. Store of money and 
200 men. Christopher Goodman to have the deanery of St. Patrick's. 
Desires the fee farm of all the Abbey lands in Connaught and the 
house of Athlone. Disorder of the Earl of Ormond's country. 

March 10. 42. Same to same, in favour of Sir Daniel Kavanagh to be Bishop 
Youghai. of Leighlin. 

March 1 1. 43. Gabriel Crofte to same. The office of Remembrancer passed 
Dublin. to Crofte. He desires Cecill's favour for him to resign his interest to 
John Thomas, Treasurer of Sydney's household. 



March 11. 

March 12. 



44. Cecill to the Lord Deputy. 250 foot and 100 horse. Elyot 
will report fully. Sydney to cause certificate to be made of the 
remain of munition in Ireland, and the money answerable to the 
Queen for that already distributed. Sir William Fytzwylliams's 
check causes determined, but he is loth to depart till Her Majesty 
confirm the determination. Mr. Melvill has come from the Queen, 
of Scots, and promises the Scots shall be revoked from Ulster. Pro- 
vision. Great evil of the collectors of the revenue being allowed to 
pay only instalments. 

45. Cormac O'Conochoure to the Queen. Thanks for the pardon. 
He will repair to Court with speed. 

March 15. 46. Lord Treasurer Winchester to the Lord Deputy. The bearer, 
Knight, will declare his mind on all Her Majesty's affairs. The 
Derry not sufficiently commodious. The soldiers to be removed to 
the Ban. Sydney to write to Winchester and not to the Council, 
what numbers of men he shall need for this summer's service. 

March 16. 47. Auditor Thomas Jenyson to Cecill. Arrived February 23, 

Dublin. and presently repaired to the Lord Deputy in Munster. It pitied 

his heart to see him so continually busied in the causes from 6 in the 

morning till 9 at night. The estimate he made at Christmas too small. 

March 17. 48. Lord Treasurer to the Lord Deputy. Recommends him to 
send two barks with ordnance and take Strangford Haven from 
Shane O'Neill, and remove the troops thither from the Derry. 

[March 20.] 49. Shane O'Neill to Cormac O'Conor, being in Scotland. Relates 

Brought from his success against the English. Advises him not to seek his pardon 

Scotland. Q f ^ Q Q ueen< Invites him to return to Ireland, and he will help him 

to win his country. Irish, signed, but not by himself, 2t)jfe ONejll. 

[March 20.] 50. English translation of the above letter, very literal. 

[March 20.] 51. Scottish translation of the same. Indorsed by Cecill, " Trans- 
lated out of Irish, whereof the Queen's Majesty hath the original." 

March 21. 52. Adam Loftus, Archbishop of Armagh, to Cecill. Has heard 
Dublin. of his probable preferment to the See of Dublin. Begs he may keep 
the deanery of St. Patrick's in commendam, otherwise he would 
rather have that deanery than the bishoprick. Incloses, 

52. i. Lord Deputy Sydney to Loftus, the Primate of Armagh, 
informing him of the Queen's pleasure for revocation of the 
Chancellor, and for the translation of Loftus to the See of Dublin-. 

March 11, Youghal. 

March 23. 53. Baron Delvin to the Privy Council. Petitions for a. lease in 
reversion of the Abbeys of Inchemore and Power in the county of 

March 26. 54. Lord Treasurer Winchester and Ed. Baeshe to the Lord 
Deputy. Letters have come from Jeffrey Vaghan, showing the 
death at the Derry by cold and infection. Recommend the garrison 
to be removed to Strangford Haven. Provision waiting at Liverpool 
and Westchester. Inclose, 




54 I. The news that came from the Derry. Only 200 able men 
out of 600. Shane said to have aid of Scots, and 5,000 more 
coming to him from Scotland. Victualling affairs. 

March 31. 55. Order for the Earl of Desmond's imprisonment in Dublin 
Limerick. Castle ; and the government of Cork, Limerick, and Kerry to be 
committed to John of Desmond, taken by the Lord Deputy and 

March. 56. Names of certain soldiers of Captain Humfrey Gylberte's band 
who have fled out of Ireland ; some have passes, some are impotent. 

April 3. 57. The Queen to the Lord Deputy. The Lord Deputy's inten- 
Westminster. tion to make enquiry in his journey westward respecting the dis- 
orders charged against the Earl of Desmond, who has protected the 
proclaimed rebels of the O'Conors, O'Mores, and O'Byrnes. The 
Queen perceives by the confession of Cahir O'Conor that the 
matters wherewith the Earl of Desmond was charged, were very 
true and manifest, and only delayed by him to avoid due punishment 
in England. Suits of law to be ended with all expedition, saving 
only such as concern plea of lauds. Desmond ought to forfeit his 
recognizance. The said Earl to be held in custody, in case he come 
before the Lord Deputy, and is found guilty of the charges against him. 

April 3. 58. The Queen to the Mayor and Aldermen of Dublin. Thanks 
for their service against Shane O'Neill the last hosting. Draft. 
Similar letters were sent o Drogheda. 

April 3. 59. Cecill to the Lord Deputy. Incloses the Queen's two letters 
Westminster, to Dublin and Drogheda to be directed and forwarded. Also sends 
a book of statutes passed in Scotland, whereof for shortness, Sydney 
may take good example. 

April 3. 60. Extract of a letter from the Privy Council to the same. 
Shane sends the apparel given to his father by Henry VIII. to the 
Earl of Argyle. Purpose of young O'Donnell to betray the English 
force. Scots to be suffered till the rebel be extirpated, English to 
be allured to plant Ulster. Scots now serving to inhabit the inner 
country. Chancellor. Council in Munster. 100 horse. 300 foot. 

April 4. 61. Lord Treasurer Winchester to the same. Victuals. Trusts 
Sydney will choose the Ban, where he may have his men in health 
and good stowage. The Earl of Ormond is paid his 5001. for main- 
tenance of Sydney's credit, and increase of their mutual friendship. 
Thanks for his laboured discourse of Ulster. Bruit that Shane 
has engaged 5,000 Scots, and also written to the French King for 
shipping. Desmond and Ormond to be reconciled. Sydney to 
receive the poor to mercy. Two councils to be established. En- 

April 8. 62. Mr. Vice-Chamberlain Knollys, Mr. Secretary Cecill, and Mr. 

M.ildmay to the Lord Deputy Sydney. Have reported to Her Majesty 
on the check causes of Sir W. Fytzwylliams. His recognizances 
in Ireland to be discharged. The checks for the ward of Athlone to 
be answered by the wife and other legatees of John Brian, to whom 
it was entrusted. 



April 9. 


House of 



April 10. 


63. Memorandum by the Lord Deputy, Desmond, Clanrycard, 
and others, relative to the confirmation of an agreement made 
between the Earl of Thomond and Sir Donnell O'Brien, Sept. 30, 
1564, with copies of the writings. 

64. Cecill to the Lord Deputy. The bearer, Sir W. Fytzwylliams, 
has passed his musters. Cecill considers that the faults were 
occasioned through the negligence of his servant to whom he had 
committed the charge. Beseeches Sydney to show him favour as he 
had done to his brother. 

April 10. 65. The Queen to the Lord Deputy and Chancellor, for the 
Westminster, conferring of the bishoprick of Leighlin on Daniel Kavanagh. 

April 20. 66. Lord Deputy to the Queen. Description of Munster during 
Kilmainham. Sydney's eleven weeks and two days' journey. Good conformity 
of the towns and some parts of the country. Great disorders and 
wasted towns in other parts. Has apprehended Florence and 
Geoffrey, younger sons of the Baron of Upper Ossory, for their evil 
doings upon the county of Kilkenny. Ikerwyn, called O'Meagher's 
country, all waste and uninhabited. Earl of Ormond's privileges 
productive of much mischief through the incompetency of his officers. 
Mention of all the lords and gentlemen. The Earl of Clancarr and 
Sir Owen O'Sullivan came to Sydney, although prohibited by the 
Earl of Desmond. Sir Donough M'Carthy, Captain of Carbery, 
otherwise called M'Carthy Reagh ; Sir Dermot McCarthy, Captain 
of Muskerry, and other " verie greate possessioners in that county " 
of Cork, who ought to be free subjects, are so injured and exacted 
upon by the Earl of Desmond, " as in effecte they are or were 
become his Thralls or Slaves/' Desmond's flagrant tyrannies. The 
burning of villages and ruin of churches in his land. " Yea, the 
viewe of the bones and Sculles of your ded subjectes, who partelie 
by murder, partelie by famyn, have died in the feldes is such, that 
hardelie anny Christian with drie eies coulde beholde." Not long- 
before Sydney's arrival " there were certeyne poor women soughte to 
have ben Rescewed, but to late, yet so sone after the horrible facte 
committed, as their children were felte and seene to sfcurre in the 
bodies of their dead mothers, and yet did the Earl of Desmond lodge 
and banckett, after the facte committed, in the howse of the mur- 
derer, a principall servaunte of his/' Desmond's capture and 
leading through Thomond and Connaught to confinement in Dublin 
Castle. Sydney justifies his own proceedings. Thomond. O'Shaugh- 
nessy. The citizens of Galway watch their walls nightly, and 
guard their gates daily with armed men. They complain much of 
the wars, but most of all of the disorder of the Earl of Claurycard's 
two sons, " which he hath by two wives, and bothe alive, and thies 
two yonge boyes in the lief of their father, doe strive who shal be their 
father's heire." Sydney has carried them away with him. O'Don- 
nell. O'Conor Sligo. Pitiful state of the ancient town of Anrye, 
they deliver up their keys to him for good. The Earl of Clanrycard, 
who is " equall in all good partes with the best of his cote of this 
countrie breed," is " so over Ruled by a putative Wife, as ofte tymes 




April 23. 

April 26. 



when he best intended she forceth hym to doe worste." The cowardly 
policy of keeping the Irish in continual dissension condemned. 
The Earl of Kildare. Great success against Shane O'Neill. Earnest 
appeal for assistance in government. The Judges of all the courts 
impotent. Sydney's health impaired. He deprecates the listening 
to informers, and the comfortless silence used in regard to his 

67. Cecill to Lord Deputy. Desires news. The most honest 
desire to go away from Scotland, the worst tremble with the shaking 
of their conscience. The demand for Calais would be successful if 
there were money. The poor Protestants in Flanders are brought 
to desperation, and must trust only to miracles. 

68. Patent granting to Hugh M'Manus O'Donnell the captainry 
of Tirconnell. Latin. 

April 28. 69. O'Donnell to the Lord Deputy. His grief for the ruin of 
" Bundroways." the Deny. The keepers of his castles refuse him submission, and 
are a ^ oufc * gi ye * nem U P to O'Neill. Desires license from Sydney to 
hire soldiers into the Queen's pay. Also that ships may be sent to 
take the castle of Donegal. O'Concawayr (O'Conor Sligo) will not 
furnish his supplement of men against Shane O'Neill, but succours 
the rebel Henry " O'Duwocan." Has treated of marriage with 
James " Mic Donayll's" widow, who would willingly be allied to 
him in order to be avenged of Shane, for the death of her late 
husband. Desires leave to join the Scots now come against Shane 
O'Neill. Latin, signed by himself 2t)jfj O'DoitjrjdU. 

April 28. 
[April ?] 

May 2. 


70. Note of provisions for Knockfergus and furniture for a brew- 
house, subscribed by Wynter and Baeshe. 

71. Remembrances for Ireland a