Skip to main content

Full text of "Calendar of the State Papers relating to Ireland, of the reigns of Henry VIII, Edward VI., Mary, and Elizabeth"

See other formats











Her Majesty's Printers. 

Po !ol'C 




I E E L A N D, 













PREFACE - vii 


INDEX - - 595 

a 3 


THE period embraced in this Volume extends over twelve 
years, viz., from 1574 to 1585. It is an epoch in the 
history of Europe. It is the period of the captivity of 
the Queen of Scots. It is the period when the Catholic 
Princes of the continent formed the Holy League to curb 
the spread of the R/efonnation, and were preparing their 
forces to support the E/omanist cause in these islands. 

It is an epoch in the history of Ireland. Here we have 
detailed the exact state of the country before the planta- 
tions in Munster and Ulster were settled, and it will be of 
importance to show that state, as far as the compass of a 
preface will admit, and as much as possible in the words of 
eye witnesses, who reported it to the Government at home. 

And first for the North. The proceedings of the wild 
and stirring successor of the many great O'Neills may 
well serve as a prelude. 

At this time Turlough Lynagh O'Neill was the great 
potentate of Ulster. 

On the final overthrow of Shane O'Neill, Monday 
evening, the 2nd of June 1567, Turlough Lynagh 
O'Neill proclaimed himself the O'Neill, and was elected 
to the name and jurisdiction of O'Neill according to 
ancient custom, after which he covenanted to be a good 
subject to the Queen, and receive only such name and 
authority as she would give him. 

Two years later Sir W. Pytzwylliams informs Cecill* 

* 1569, Sept, 12. 


that he had married the Lady Agnes Campbell, daughter 
or Archibald Campbell, fourth Earl of Argyle, Lady of 
Kintire and of Dunnavaigh, and widow of James 
M'Donnell, and adds that he was a very valiant man. 

On the 23rd of March 1574 he wrote to the Queen 
relating the faithful services of his father against the Earl 
of Tyrone, and his own sufferings, and begging that Ms 
petitions may be granted.* 

On the 2nd of Aprilf 1574 Mr. Barnaby Goche sends 
the order of the camps at the meeting of the Earl of 
Essex and Turlough Lynagh, as well as his rude hands 
could describe them, which is a spirited pen and ink 
sketch of the interview between the Earl of Essex and 
Turlough Lynagh, close to the bank of the historic 
Blackwater on the 16th of March 1574, when a truce 
was concluded, and Arthur O'Neill, Turlough Lynagh's 
son, given as a hostage. 

On the 7th $ of April Barnaby Goche sends a miniature 
pen and ink portrait or counterfeit of Turlough Lynagh 
O'Neill, in a high steeple-crowned hat, rudely drawn but 
greatly resembling him. 

On the 10th of June Essex writes to him a Latin letter, 
calling upon him to observe the conditions entered 
into at the Ban. But Turlough Lynagh will forego 
nothing his predecessors had, and Essex was compelled 
to take another journey against him in the autumn. || 

The following letter ^f of Captain Barkley, addressed 
to Burghley, will show how the enterprise of the Earl of 
Essex told upon the native Irish. 

EIGHT HONOUKABLE. My duty remembered. Though I know 
your Lordship shall sufficiently be resolved of the state of Ulster 

P. 12, No. 19. f P. 16, No. 53. 

J P. 17, No. 60. p. 28, No. 58. 

P- 39, No. 3. i p. 51, No . 46 . 


by these Captains, yet to acknowledge my duty, and because I 
would not be forgotten of him unto whom I have been so greatly 
bounden as to your Lordship, I thought good this much to trouble 
your Honour, and to say in short that the rebels were never in so 
poor estate as at this day, and are now at the door with one 
month's wars well followed (which for want of victuals we are 
only hindered) either to be quite banished, or to return again into 
their old dissembling treasons. And thus, fearing to trouble your 
Lordship, I most humbly take my leave. From Dublin, this 20th 
of January 1574. 

Your Honour's most humble for ever, 


The next spring O'Neill sent into the Isles of Scot- 
land for 3,000 Scots to be with him in the beginning of 

In June f the Earl of Essex drove him (O'Neill,) 
so hard into the wood that he left his mantle and 
horse hehind for haste, and also took 1,200 kine from 
him. But somehow the Earl thought it best to yield to 
Turlough's demands ; and in the instructions to Mr. 
Ashton, with the resolution of the Privy Council, it was 
thought less dishonourable that Turlough Lynagh should 
be suffered to " enjoy the urraghs " by usurpation rather 
than by composition, and at the same time he was 
tolerated in the name of O'Neill. { 

On the 3rd of November following, he petitioned to 
have confirmation under the Great Seal of whatsoever he 
had obtained from the Earl of Essex, and on the 10th || he 
addressed himself to the Queen, rejoicing that Sir Henry 
Sydney was made Lord Deputy. In May 1578^[ we find the 
Latin draft of a Patent to create O'Neill Baron of Clogher 
and Earl of Clanconnell, and on the 24th of May** we 

* P. 54, No. 4. f P. 71, Nos. 32, 33. 

} P. 71, No. 34 P. 82, No. 56. 

|| P. 83, No. 61. If P. 133, No. 60. 

** P. 133, No. 63. 


have Chancellor G-errarde's letter to Walsyngham, stating 
that upon Thursday the commissions for Turlough Lynagh 
and the Lord Justice passed the seal; he also desires to 
receive the two gowns from Her Majesty. 

Shortly after this there is a draft of a despatch* from 
the Privy Council to the Lord Deputy, with this paragraph : 
" And for the nohilitation of Turlough Lynagh, his Lord- 
" ship [Chancellor Gerrarde] hath the instruments, so as 
" Her Majesty is pleased that you shall proceed therein 
" as hy you hath heen thought meet, according to the 
" said instrument." But it is possible that the despatch 
of 31st May may have superseded these provisions for 
O'Neill's " nobilitation," as the suspicions of Stucley's 
attempting to invade Ireland caused an immediate change 
of policy ; however the design of creating him [O'Neill] a 
lord does not appear to have been wholly given up, for we 
have a memorandum indorsed 27th Oct. 1578.f " It maie 
" please your Honor that the fore partes of the Earle of 
" Desmondes and Oneils wyves gownes maie be sent," 
and " that Oneils roobes and coronet maie be sent, and 
" whether Her Majestie wilbe pleased to bestowe the 
" same upon him, if he cannot be dryven to paie for 
" them, at or after his creation." But it seems he fell 
ill, for on the 18th J of December he wrote to the Lord 
Justice Drury that he had a great desire to meet him, and 
was content to be carried 40 miles on men's shoulders to 
meet Marshal Bagenall, contrary to the advice of his 
physicians, promising that if ever he recover he will meet 
Drury, and praying for peace during his illness. 

On the same day Drury wrote to Burghley, " Two things 
" there are of special importance, which do presently busy 

* P. 134, No. 65. t p. 145, No. 9. 

t P. 154, No. 4, i. 


" my head, the one the accident of Turlough, if he should 
" die, as is feared, which holdeth the minds of all men in 
" the North suspended, the other the conspiracy of these 
" O' Conors, whereinto I am presently searching ; and 
" which I am the more careful of, hecause I bear still 
" in mind your Lordship's opinion concerning the re- 
" forming of these two counties, and the rooting out of 
" these O' Conors and OTMores, the continual gall of these 
" parts. Touching both which, besides the apparent 
" provisions which I have made, this I do intend, whiles 
" I myself remain here* to send, as I have already done, 
" a sufficient person to the Lady, Turlough Lynagh's 
" wife, to treat with her, and rather than fail, to buy of 
" her the delivery into my hands of Henry O'Neill, 
" Shane's son, being now kept in hand by Turlough, to 
" have him always as a counterpoise against the Baron of 
" Dungannon or any other that should come to the place 
" which Turlough now hath, whensoever he should not 
" behave himself dutifully, or perform those things that 
" are expected or looked for at his hands." 

On the same day t Drury sent to Walsyngham a 
pedigree of these great O'Neills from Owen O'Neill to 
Turlough Lynagh, now O'Neill, containing a list of Shane 
O'Neill's sons, two of whom, viz. Henry and Shane, were 
by his wife. 

Turlough recovered, but he was in no hurry to meet 
Drury, for on llth t of February he wrote to Burghley 
as follows : " After I departed the place from whence I 
" dated my last letters to your Lordship, I staid nowhere 
" above one night, saving at the Newry, where I spent 
" one whole day, till I came to Armagh, where the Lady 

* The Fort at Philipstown. f 6th Jan. 1579, p. 155, No. 6, 11. 

J P. 159, No. 36. 

x ji PREFACE. 

Campbell, Turlough Lynagh's wife, met me the 22nd 
of the last January with letters from her husband, 
" whereby he seemed to stand in some fear of my sudden 
repair to the borders, for which cause, and having also 
" assured promise from her that he would come to me to 
" the fort at the Blackwater, I caused proclamation to 
" be made that he, nor none of his followers, nor any of 
" their goods, should be touched or annoyed by any of my 
" train. And so, the next day after my coming thither 
v I went unto the fort with her in my company, for he 
" lay not above two miles from thence in camp, and staid 
" there all the next day, partly to view the decay of the 
" fort, which, in truth is much ruined and requireth 
" speedy repairing, and partly to expect his coming, for 
" that in the morning, she being returned unto me, 
" eftsoons affirmed that he would come, as at the last in 
" the afternoon he did to the top of a hill hard by the 
" fort, with his troop, being a great number, far exceeding 
" mine, and yet as appeared in fear enough. I sent to 
" meet him, at the Lady's request, Mr. Treasurer and Mr. 
" Marshal, who only were my assistants in that journey, 
" and they finding him to stand upon terms, either to 
" have protection, or else Mr. Marshal and the Baron of 
" Dungannon left as pledges till he returned from me, 
" which I would not consent unto, came back again 
" without him ; and so I let him go, thinking it better to 
" forbear his presence, than at his request to break the 
" course which I have held hitherto, and I find since 
" Her Majesty so well alloweth of, returning myself the 
" next day unto the Newry, and so straight hither, though. 
" I had once determined to have gone to Carrickfergus. 

" Before my coming down the Baron of Dun- 

" gannon and he had met and parleyed together, and were 
" entered into a great league of friendship, insomuch as 

PREFACE. xiii 

" the Baron should have put away his wife that now he 
" hath and have taken Turlough's daughter to wife, hut I 
" have so conjured the Baron as that match is hroken, and 
" he as ready or readier than ever he was to do any service 

" against Turlough if need should require Thither 

" came likewise unto me Turlough Brasselagh, and hy his 
" petition craved that he might depend immediately from 
" Her Majesty, and not he bound any way any longer to 
" Turlough Lynagh, who challengeth him ... I am the 
" willinger to draw him from Turlough because he is of 
{t his principal followers, and one of the competitors for 
" the place [of O'Neill] if he were dead." 

But it would appear that the Baron of Dungannon soon 
forgot the good lesson which Drury gave him, for Drury 
writes * to the Privy Council : " From Ulster I have 
" lately received letters, whereby I find that Turlough 
" Lynagh, since my coming thence, hath so tampered 
" with the Baron of Dungannon as, notwithstanding his 
" assured promise unto me that he would not deal any 
" further in that match, yet he hath taken his daughter 
" to wife, and sent home O'Donnell's daughter; and in 
" like sort tied Sorley Boy [M'Donnell] by giving another 
" of his daughters to the said Sorley's son, by which means 
" the Scots now are wholly at his commandment and 
" devotion. Which his proceedings and knitting himself 
" with his enemies, as they do make me to mistrust the 
" worst of his intention, considering the device of James 
" Fitzmaurice and the Bishops to land in Connaught or 
" Ulster, as assuredly I believe they will, for sundry 
" respects, and namely at Sligo, whereof I have had some 
" particular and secret intelligence given me, and of some 
" of this province likewise that have lately received letters 

* P. 163, No. 14 [March 30]. 


from James .... The Earl of Desmond is here with me, 
and in aU appearance as weU bent and disposed as may 
be wished, and is likely so to continue, as well for that 
" he hath no other cause for any usage towards him, as 
" because the title which James taketh upon him abroad 
" of Earl of Desmond will make him to hate the rebel." 

On the 17th of June 1579* Edward Waterhous wrote 
to Walsyngham that there is a very secret determination, 
known to very few, for the raising of 3,OOOZ. sterling by 
year out of Ulster. The device is as though Turlough 
Lynagh should have the commandment of Ulster (the 
Marshal's land, Magennis, Lecale, and the Ardes excepted), 
and should rear that rent yearly out of Irish and Scots, 
as it were, by a commission of lieutenancy, and that the 
second person of every surname within that province 
should remain pledge for the good behaviour of that 
surname or nation, as they term them. The danger of this , 
will not appear in Turlough's time, because he is old, rich, 
and inclined to peace, but if the Baron of Dungannon 
succeed, as he is already chosen to the place, I doubt he 
will be too ambitious, and an ill collector for Her Majesty. 
On the 26th of June f Turlough Lynagh wrote to Drury 
praying him to lessen the amount of the annual rent or 
tribute of 3,0002. which he had agreed with Thomas 
Elemyng to pay. On the 4th of Julyt are the offers he 
sent by Thomas Elemyng of Syddan, gent. He is willing 
to give three thousand pounds Irish per annum to have 
from Her Majesty the government of Ulster as Lord 
President thereof, excepting Carrickfergus, Lecale, Mar- 
shal Bagenall's lands at the Newry, Eerney, and Clan- 
carrol, adjoining to Eerney. The fort at the Blackwater 
shall not be razed. He requests to be created Earl of 

* P. 170, No. 9. f p. 171, NO. 14. 

t P. 171, No. 21. 


Armagh and Baron of the Benburbe, and his son Arte 
O'Neill to be Baron either of the Strabane or the New- 
town [Aides]. He desires to have all Tyrone adjoined with 
his earldom, from the bounds of the lands of the R/owte 
pertaining to Sir John Bedlow unto the water of the 
Lifford and the Einn in length, and in breadth from 
the point of Ardmagelegan, the Bann and Lough 
Neagh unto the pass of Killnegurreden, bordering upon 
Magwire's country. He likewise demands the rest of the 
whole province of Ulster, with the bounds and meres 
thereof, so long as he shall yield this rent unto Her 
Majesty at two several payments, to be made yearly. Eor 
security he offereth pledges from every captain within 
the province of Ulster, presently to be delivered after the 
composition into the hands of the governor, and quarterly 
the pledges to be removed for other such good pledges as 
shall be liked of by the governor and council, they from 
time to time defraying their own charges. Tyrone to have 
from the Governor of Ireland two bands of English foot- 
men if need shall require. He also requireth a perpetual 
protection during his life, under Her Majesty's Great Seal, 
for himself and for as many as shall accompany him from 
time to time, so often as he shall be occasioned to make 
his repair toward the Governor and Council, to come safe, 
remain safe, and go safe away home to his house, at his or 
their will or pleasure, and so as his person shall "not " be 
touched for "no" crime for ever. To give the more weight 
to these demands, he kept himself at a distance, and 
affected a strong suspicion as to the Lord Justice Drury's 
intentions towards him. On the 3rd of August Justice 
James Dowdall writes to the Lord Chancellor Sir W. 
Gerrarde.* " The 28th of last month (James Eitzmaurice 

* P. 178, No. 7, L 

xv i PEEFACE. 

had landed on the 18th of July), I sent my letter to 
" Mr. Dean of Armagh (Terence Daniel) to send the 
" Chancellor to Castleton, and to meet me there the last of 
" the same month, and to bring knowledge where to meet 
" Turlough Lynagh, and showed in my letter the effect of 
" my travel. The second of this month the Chancellor is 
" come, and gives me to understand that Turlough Lynagh 
" is in camp, with 2,000 footmen and 500 horse, within six 
" miles below Armagh, and left the Baron of Dungannon 
" and Thomas Memyng in his company, and Turlough 
" standeth upon good and dutiful terms, as the Chancellor 
11 saith, but that he saith the last northern journey was 
" intended upon him, for so he was given to understand, 
" and therefore it seems he has my Lord Justice [Drury] 
" in great suspicion. 

" This morning I take my journey towards him, and am 
" in some doubt that so many assembled is to do some hurt 
" upon Pelim Reagh's sons ; all their cattle are come to 
" these borders of the Pale about Dundalk. I have spoken 
" to Sir John Bedlow to take care of this weak country. 
" To-morrow they assemble. I have spoken to the bailiffs 
*' of Dundalk to have care of their town. It shall do well 
" the musters of the Pale be looked unto. I have staid till 
" eight of the clock, doubting to be entrapped by the way, 
" for the passage to the place where he is, is somewhat 
" dangerous, as the time requires,* having no conduct. In 
" God is my trust." 

In a letter of the lOthf of Sept. Sir Nicholas Malbie 
says: "lean in my judgment assure you that there is 
" no appearance of any more [strangers] to come, and that 
" James Pitzmaurice's only hope was upon the general 
" revolt of all the whole realm, wherein as he had won 

* As the danger of the unsettled time compels. f P. 185, No. 17. 


" O'Neill in Ulster, who like himself did lose no time to 
" answer him, and Munster in some part, and so some in 
" Leinster, so was he deceived of his trust in Connaught 
" generally." Malbie concludes by saying that the north is 
dangerously bent to mischief. On the llth* of Sept. 
Chancellor Gerrarde wrote to Turlough Lynagh and sent 
to him the Queen's letters, whereby she accepts of him as 
a loyal subject, and confirms the articles agreed upon 
between him and the Earl of Essex. On the 16th of 
Sept.f Chancellor Gerrarde writes to Burghley, that 
Turlough Lynagh will upon Friday next camp near Dun- 
dalk, and that he will with the united forces of O'Donnell 
and Sorley Boy M'Donnell invade the Pews. 

On the 12th J of Sept. 1581 Andrew Trollope writes to 
"Walsyngham : " Turlough [Lynagh O'Neill], which within 
" this term yeres was not able to make 1,500 men, within 
" this twoe yeres caryed in campe, marching like a con- 
" querer alonge the countery, above 4,000 men, not onely 
" redy hymselfe to bydd Her Majestic battall, but to the 
" great incoragement of all Her enymyes, as well forren 
" as domesticall, and whensoever there should happen eny 
" tyme of dire tryall. . . . Her Majesty shall fynde 
"... very few frendes .... And the said Tur- 
" logh at this instante is able to make above 6,000 men 
**.... And whereas, in tyme past, they hadd no 
" weapons but dartes and galliglasses, they are now fur- 
" nyshed with all kyndeof munytion, and as well practysed 
" therein as Englishmen." 

On the 4th of April 1583 Malbie writes to Walsyng- 
ham, that it was reported that Turlough Lynagh and 
Sorley Boy have combined together, and united their forces 
to the number of 4,000, and intend to break out. 

* P. 186, No. 23. f p - 18 7, No. 31. 

$ P. 318, No. 39. P. 439. No. 7. 


xviii PREFACE. 

On the llth of April* Captain William Piers the elder 
writes to Walsyngham, that throughout all the land Sir 
Henry Sydney is the man that is most desired, and that 
for peace and war generally is deemed the best. Turlough 
Lynagh and the Scot, Sorley Boy, are become great, and it 
is doubted that Turlough will step out, and therefore a 
governor that is to his liking must needs do good . . . 
Turlough Lynagh has lately burned and spoiled M'Quillin's 
country, and as it is said for the quarrel of the "Scots. 

On the 1st of Mayf Turlough Lynagh writes to the 
Lords Justices complaining against O'Donnell and O'Dog- 
herty, and adds, " Quare visum est mihi in honorem domi- 
" nationum vestrarum, et propter rem publicam, treugam 
" seu pacem cum dicto Domino O'Donnell perficere usque 
" vicesimum octavum diem Maii." The Lords Justices 
reply on the 8thJ that they would send the commissioners 
by the day he desires, and hope they will be able to com- 
pose all matters between him and O'Donnell, adding, 
" Interim rogamus iisdem perstes vestigiis quibus in- 
" ceperis, ne quomodo pax inter vos infringatur." 

On the 13th of May Sir Nicholas Malbie writes to 
Walsyngham that " There came . yesterday certain adver- 
" tisement from the north parts that Turlough Lynagh is 
" dead, and that the Baron of Dungannon is repaired 
" into Tyrone with all his forces to take possession of the 
" country as in his own right, who did -despatch his 
" messenger to Sir Edward Moore, praying him to signify 
" the same to the Lords Justices, who, having received 
" Sir Edward's letter, did assemble such of the Council as 
" be here, and upon good deliberation it was "agreed that 
" the Baron [of Dungannon] is to have it of right, and 

* P. 440, No. 20. t P. 446, No. 21, i. 

J P. 446, No. 21, 11. P. 446, No. 28. 


'' thereupon to fortify the Baron the better, it is also 
" agreed that 300 footmen and 100 horsemen shall pre- 
" sently repair to the Baron to join with him, because 
" it is also advertised that Shane O'Neill's sons, who he 
" the most venomous and most hateful persons of this 
" land to the State, be combined with the Scots to put the 
" Baron from it ; Sir Edward Moore doth also repair to 
" the Baron for his better assistance." 

On the 14th of May* the Lords Justices Loftus and 
Wallop write to the Privy Council declaring the death of 
Turlough Lynagh, and stating that " We presently resolved 
" to assist the Baron as the only man of whom hope 
" might be conceived to depend upon Her Majesty, and 
" therefore Sir Edward Moore was directed to repair unto 
" him, to hold him in good and dutiful terms." They 
inclose a letter from Sir Edward Moore of 12thf May : 
" Yt may please your Honours tunderstand that Onele 
1 ' hathe bene dedde these two dayes past, whereuppon the 
" Baron of Dungannon hathe requested me to be humble 
" suter to your Honours to countenance hyme with what 
" forces youe may." Later on the 14th of May} the Lords 
Justices inform Sir Francis Walsyngham of the sudden 
alarm they had had of the death of Turlough Lynagh. 
" But as the packett was ready to be embarckecl, the first 
" messenger, Mr. Ovingdon, servant to the Baron, 
" brought us information that Tyrlogh was revived owt of 
" that droncken traunce wherein he had stryved with 
" death 24 howers," and inclose a letter from the 
Baron of Dungannon dated from the Newry on the 13th j| , 
beseeching them not to be offended at his hasty sending 
for aid, and letting them understand that O'Neill " is 

* P. 446, No. 29. f P. 446, No. 29, i. } P. 446, No. 30. 

The son of an English gentleman and a foster brother of the Baron, 
see No. 29. 

|| P. 446, No. 30, i. 

b 2 


alyve contrarye to aU menes expectations, for that he 
was dead above 24 howres, and his folowers shiftinge for 
" themselves and preying of one another." 

Sir Henry Bagenall also writes to the Lord Justices 
from Armagh on the 13th.* " After our travell with the 
" Baron as farr as the Blakwater, more certeyne adver- 
tysment mett with us, namelye, that Turlogh was yet 
" livinge and recovered of his dronken traunce, but I 
" assure your Lordships the Baron was marveylous well 
" accompanyed and countenanced by his neighbours upon 
" so short warninge." 

On November 12thf the Lords Justices write to Wal- 
syngham : " We received letters from Turlough Lynagh in 
" very good and dutiful terms, and withal another from 
" his wife, which they inclose.]: She protests against 
" ' quidam susurriones [qui] vobis exposuerunt quod 
" * transivi in Scotiam, causa adducendi Scotos et extraneos 
" ' contra Majestatem Principis,' and adds, ' ab eo die quo 
" ' promisi me vere obtemperaturam et indubitatam sub- 
" ' ditam fore R/eginse Anglorum Hibernorumque, Comiti 
" ' Essexiae ad Aquam Mgram, testificor coram Deo, me 
" 'nil egisse adversum dictam meam Reginam clam aut 
" ' palam, sive in Hibernia, sive in Scotia.' * 

On the 26th of March 1584$ the Lords Justices Loftus 
and Wallop write to Walsyngham : " It is not unknowne 
" unto your Honour howe great enmitie hath of longe 
" tyme contynued betwene the Baron of Dongannon and 
" Turlogh Lenoghe, and that in regarde thereof the Baron 
" hath bene very chardgeablie entertained by Her Majestic, 
" as the only man of whome choice hath bene made to 
" confronte the other on this parte of Ulster, in which 
" behalfe we have formerly conceaved great hoope of the 

* P. 447, No. 30, n. f p. 477) No< 6L 

t No - 61 * P. 502, No. 56. 


" Baron, his assurance in respecte bothe of the great in- 
" ducements of favour and rewards which he receaved 
" from Her Majestic and the State, and also knowinge the 
" mutuall hostilitie hetwene him and Tyrlogh, which we 
" allwaies judged to he so deepely rooted in both as not 
" easyly to be reconciled ; notwithstandinge we are credibly 
" advertised that it is falne owt otherwise, and that in a 
" parley lately holden betwene them, which was pretended 
" only for the determininge of some ordinarie challendges, 
" and restoringe of some wronges lately done betwene 
" them, they are suddenly growne into a very firme league 
" of amitie and friendshipp, insomuch as in confirmation 
" thereof Tyrlogh, as we heare, hath in secreate sorte made 
" the Baron Tanist or Secondary of his countrie, and the 
" Baron embrasing that offer, keepeth the matter as 
" secreat as he may, for that he knoweth it to be against 
" Her Majesty's lawes. But since that tyme it is knowne 
" that Tyrlogh his wife hath bene with the Baron at his 
" house in feastinges and solempnities made uppon this 
" late agreement, and the Baron hadd recourse unto 
" Tyrlogh into his countrie with small companie with 
" him, and at this present, as we are informed, is with him 
" there solemnizing their new Easter of the Pope's ap- 
" pointinge." 

On the 27th July* Hugh O'Donnell writes to the Lord 
Deputy Perrot complaining of the devastation of his 
country by 2,000 Scots. He says that Turlough Lynagh 
O'Neill " was never true, but practising with fair words, 
" by the advice of his privy friends." Turlough's want of 
truth and loyalty on this occasion was very great, for the 
combination was one of exceeding magnitude and im- 
portance, and was at length developed in the daring 

* P. 520, No. 39, i. 


pretence of Spain, historically recognised as the Spanish 
Armada. The Lord Deputy Sir John Perrot and the 
Council thus write of it to the Privy Council on the 6th 
of August*. " There was all appearance of a government 
inclining to a perfect universal reformation, but the 
intelligence betwixt Turlough Lynagh and some of the 
principal men of Munster and Connaught, which, by 
my last letters I wrote, was discovered by the Arch- 
bishop of Cashel, hath dangerously begun to interrupt 
" that good course, contrary to my expectation. For 
" having at Athlone apprehended Turlough Lynagh's 
" messenger that was drawn thither by the Archbishop's 
" messenger, whom. I wrote I had appointed to accompany 
" him from place to place, we found by examination, 
" threats of torture, and bringing them face to face, that 
" he was no ordinary messenger, but a chief follower 
" to Turlough, his fosterer, commanding 40 horsemen, 
" master of 2,000 cows, and a man of account and trust, 
" so disguised for this purpose; and with much ado 
" we got out of him a discovery of the whole combination, 
" which was that Turlough Lynagh, assisted by the 
" Scottish King's forces, and they of Munster and Con- 
" naught by the supply of Spaniards to be landed at Sligo, 
" should break out all at once." In a letter from Oliver 
Eustace to Sir Lucas Dillon, dated 26th July,f he states 
that many Scots have arrived, and that the 1,500 Scots 
who came in the beginning of July are in bonnaught with 
O'Neill, and proceeds : " Some report is made that the 
" Baron's charge of horsemen and his country and terri- 
" tories are bestowed upon some Englishman, the in- 
" telligence whereof had out of England hasteneth his 
" repair to O'Neill, as they say, to combine. And this 

* P. 520, No. 39. f p. o20, No. 33, in. 

PREFACE. xxiii 

" maketh me presume upon some likelihood of the same, 
" because mine own friend Magwire, the Baron's uncle, is 
" estranged from the old opinion I conceived of him." In 
the memorials* for Mr. Edward Norreys, touching the 
present state of Ireland, to be delivered to the Privy 
Council, we find the effect of certain letters written 
from Turlough Lynagh to Meyler Magrath, the Archbishop 
of Cashel, in which he challenged the Archbishop to be 
his follower born, for which reason he would trust him, 
and offered to him Ulster for his refuge when all other 
parts should fail. His plot he left to the declaration of 
the messenger. The messenger confessed, after great 
threatenings of torture, that he was sent to deal with the 
Earl of Clancarr, the Lord Fitzmaurice, and all the Lords 
and Irish Captains of Munster and Connaught, to join 
with his master against Her Majesty, and to assure them 
that the King of Spain and the Scots would enter the 
realm with such force that before Michaelmas there should 
not be one Englishman left, or any that loved the Queen 
of England to be found for any fastness within the land. 

He said that his master was promised to be made King 
of Ireland, and that he accepted of it, and said he would 
be King if he died within an hour after. Being demanded 
of the cause why his master would rebel, considering he 
had all that he required, he said that the realm was care- 
lessly left without force, and no man of war to govern it, 
and therefore they thought it best not to lose so good an 
occasion, especially when they were offered so great aid 
from foreign parts.f 

On the 23rd of AugustJ Wallop writes that Turlough 

* P. 521, No. 43. 

f See Indulgence, 1600, Apr. 8/18, for aid to Hugh O'Neill, the Captain- 
General of -the Catholic army in Ireland. 
J P. 525, No. 74. 

xx iv PREFACE. 

Lynagh and the Baron of Dungannon are disposed to 


On the 15th of September* the Lord Deputy Perrot 

informed the Privy Council that Turlough Lynagh O'Neill 
having neither protection nor pardon, met him half a mile 
out of the Newry, and there gave his only son Art Og to 
him as a pledge. 

On the 18th of Septemberf Turlough Lynagh O'Neill 
engages to supply meal, butter, and beef for 300 English 

On the 26th of February:}: 1585 Captain Barkley writes 
that O'Neill very honestly stayeth the passage of the Bann 
against the Scots. 

On the 1st of May we learn that O'Neill is at the 
Parliament in Dublin. 

On the 21st of May|| Wallop writes of the composition 
with Turlough Lynagh and the rest of Ulster for main- 
taining 1,100 men. 

On the 30th of June^f the Lord Deputy Perrot and 
Council addressed the following letter to the Privy Council, 
showing how they had been obliged to grant a precedence 
in Parliament to the Baron of Dungannon as Earl of 
Tyrone, and how carefully they had stipulated for the 
maintenance of the waining power of this rude chieftain 
(Turlough Lynagh), and the interests of his only son, Sir 
Arthur O'Neill : 

IT may please your most Honourable Lordships. In the begin- 
ning of this Parliament, and in the very first day of the session, 
some controversy grew among the nobility for priority of place, 
as, namely, between the Earls of Thomond and Clanricard, the 
Viscounts Gormanston and Fermoy, which were presently decided 
upon view of the Parliament Rolls, and by ancient precedents of 

* P. 527, No. 88. -j- p. 534, No . 41> 

t P. 552, No. 82. p. 562> No . 34. 

1 P - 563 > No. 46. ^ p. 570, No. 52. 


former times. But among these the Baron of Dungannon pre- 
sented in writing a supplication not only for his place of Earl of 
Tyrone, showing therein his title by Letters Patents, but tending 
to a further petition for such lands in Ulster as his grandfather 
was seized of at the time of his submission and creation in 
England, which by the letters seemed to be somewhat before any 
of the Earls before named. This petition, for so much thereof as 
concerned his place in Parliament, being imparted to the Lords, 
and to us of this Council, and others of Her Majesty's counsel 
learned, it was resolved, upon sight of his Letters Patents, that he 
was to have the name, dignity, and place of Earl of Tyrone accord- 
ing to his creation, which was allowed accordingly, though to the 
lands claimed, or any other superiority in that country, it was 
resolved, that by an Act of Parliament made for the " attaincture " 
of Shane O'Neill the whole territory of Ulster was invested in Her 
Majesty without reservation of his right, and therefore therein to 
deal by petition to Her Majesty. 

Since which time, upon further speeches between us and the said 
Earl, he hath framed his petition anew, descending to such articles 
as we thought meet to be added, as well for a peaceable course to 
be held between him and others of his kinsmen, competitors with 
him for the seigniory, as also for renunciation of the " Uriaghes," 
extinguishing the title of O'Neill, maintaining of English forces 
which we have assigned, and have his consent to be 200 footmen, to 
be continually maintained, and for assurance of his loyalty, with 
continuance of Turlough Lynagh in the state he is during his life. 
All which being comprehended in his petition, we have now 
thought good by his servant, Henry Ovingdon, to make known to 
your Lordships, to the end that upon view and consideration of it 
Her Majesty's pleasure might be signified for our further direction, 
thinking that after so long an expectation it were good now that 
the nobleman were satisfied with some certainty, wherein he pressed 
me, the Deputy, much that he might have been his own solicitor, 
and to have had licence to have had access unto Her Majesty's 
presence. But in respect that I am now within fifteen days to 
begin a journey northwards, wherein his attendance on me shall 
be very necessary for the settling of those parts, I have denied his 
departure at this time, beseeching, nevertheless, your Lordships' 
good favours towards him, so far forth as agreeth with reason, in 
the petition now sent, which we "humilie" refer unto you. 
And yet whatsoever shah 1 be granted unto him we wish should 
pass under the seal here, because it may be that some necessary 

xxvi PREFACE. 

clauses, as well concerning Her Majesty as some particular subjects, 
shall be thought meet to be inserted besides the clauses in the 
petition. And so we commit your Lordships to God. From 
Dublin the last of June 1585. 



On the 10th of August* the Lord Deputy Perrot and 
Council confirmed the order and composition made by 
indenture between O'Neill (Turlough Lynagh), the Earl of 
Tyrone, and Sir Arthur O'Neill, whereby they have all the 
countries on this side the mountain of Mollighgore for 
seven years, for a rent to O'Neill of 1,000 marks. 

But it is time to quit the incidents in the life of Turlough 
Lynagh, if not the last, yet one of the last of the Irish Kings. 
In his time Walter Devereux, Earl of Essex, a great 
favourite with the Queen, made offersf to plant Claneboy, 
Earny, &c. In this enterprise he was to settle a thousand 
English inhabitants and the Queen herself a like number ; 
but his undertaking fared little better than that of Sir 
Thomas Smith, whose natural and only son, Thomas, had 
just lost his life in the attempt. 

On the 14th of June 1574 J the Earl of Essex wrote to 
Burghley : "I will leave all these matters and show your 
" Lordship the estate of Ulster. They be all at this present 
" in quiet. There is not any rebel there, nor any one who 
" doth refuse to be ordered by Commissioners for any 
" matter brought against them, either for stealths or 
" otherwise. This, my Lord, doth carry a face and show 
" of great service, but in truth it is nothing. It is a 
" thing which hath often been done ; and easy it is at all 
" times with a reasonable force to bring it to this pass. 
" But what will it benefit the Queen or this realm, when 

* P. 575, No. 59. f 1573, May 26. J P. 29, No. 62. 


" she must be forced to find numbers of men of war to 
" keep them in obedience ; except they should also be 
" brought to answer that rent unto Her which should 
" bear either all, or the greatest part, of their charges ? 
" At this present there is never a one of the Captains of 
" Ulster, but doth make means unto me to procure his 
" lands by Her Majesty's Letters Patents to them and 
" their heirs, and to yield for the same such rent as their 
" countries shall be able to bear, to alter their Irish 
" customs, and to be bound to such conditions as Her 
" Majesty can almost require ;* and divers of them say 
" that they have offered this in times past, and it hath 
" been refused, and yet they allege that they have ever 
" paid more than would maintain a good garrison, which 
" hath been put in some of their* purses which have 
" governed here. Your Lordship may here see a great 
" fault committed, which Her Majesty, if it please her, 
" may easily remedy, if she will bear but a reasonable 
" charge for a small time. 

" I think the charge will not need to be much greater 
" than already it is, and in the end it may be put to her 
" choice whether she will suffer this people to inhabit here 
" for their rent, or ' extirpe ' them, and plant other people 
*' in it. The force which shall bring about the one shall 
" do the other ; and it may be done without any show 

" that such a thing is meant 

" I know him not in England to 

" whom I would write this but to your Lordship." 

On the 12th of January 1575f the Earl of Essex 
addressed the following letter to Burghley : 


UPON receiptc of the late copyes of letters sente by the 
waye of Wyrkynton, and of the dowbtes objected to my plate, I 

* Sic. f P. 50, No. 29. 

xxviii PREFACE. 

have preceded to awnser them in wryting, thynkynge that 
nothynge hereafter can growe doubtefull, but the same maye 
awnsered by Capten Malbye. 

The respectes movyng my owne stay appere in my letters nowe 
sente to Her Mayestye and the Lords, wherwith I hope your 
Lordship shalbe with the fyrste acquaynted ; and besydes the 
provynce in my charge standying ia dowtfull tearmes, yf yll 
successe showlde folowe in my absence, I see not howe Her 
Mayestye's letters, beynge wrytten in suche a newtrallytye, neither 
comaundynge my comynge nor perswadynge my staye, but re- 
posynge bothe in my owne ellectyon, myghte be a sufficyent warrante 
to me. And further, I muste confese to your Lordship I conceve 
not the ende of my comynge awaye at thys tyme. Yff to 
satysfye Her Mayestye upon these dowtes and other lyke, then my 
letter may serve as well as my speache, and my plotte and opynyon 
beyienge nowe strengthened with the comendacyon of the Lord 
Deputye and Cownsell, havyng before fownde probabylyte before 
your Lordships, shalbe I hope sufficient, yf anye thynge be inowghe, 
to perswade the prosequtyon of the byldynges, especiallye yf yt 
fynde that favor and good allowance of Her Mayestye, that I 
hope yt dothe. My repare thether was motyoned for a seconde 
intente, ey ther of Her Mayestye's myslykyng of the cause or of me 
as unhable to execute the thynge, and so make staye of me there, 
eyther by dysallowinge the worke as not fezyble, or ells so easeye 
as the honor of yt showlde be reaped by another. My Lord, with 
what boldnes cowlde I shewe my face in Englande, to retourne 
thether without my purpose, or apparant good deserte of Her 
Mayestie or the realme, beynge the orygynall grownde of my 
corayng hether ; but yf Her Mayestie thynke me unhable to 
execute my owne devyce, I would e (rather than yt shoulde not 
take effecte) serve under anye bodye in Ulster, whoum Her Mayestie 
shall apoynte for refformatyon of that provynce. I heare that your 
Lordship hathe greatlye strengthened my plate with a comparyson 
of yt with others ; I humbly thanke youe for yt, and even so do 
I conceve that these doutes, or the moste of them, were collected by 
my frendes, for beynge all that I thynke maye well be gathered, and 
everie poynte, as I hope, suffycyently awnsered, yt shall the better 
aprove the thynge that I perswade, and be an induction to con- 
fyrme Her Mayestie in a throw ghe lykynge, yf yt have not alredye 
receved an absolute condemnatyon. I reffer all to God, but I see 
yt harde to worke anye good offyce in thys lande. My Lord 

PREFACE. xxix 

Deputye ys entered into a verye good cowrse of executyon of ydel 
men in the Palle, which perhapes maye be myslyked of some, that 
thynke yt over severe, but undowtedlye yt ys the heye waye to 
doe good, thowghe yt offende bothe factyons, of bothe which Mr. 
Malby shall tell youe my opynyon. And nowe that your Lordship, 
by my playne wrytynge, doth conceave my full mynde, I hartely 
praye youe by the nexte trustye messenger to wryte what the ende 
wylbe of my travell, for I longe for a certeyntye, and that knowen, 
for your good dyrection in that which shalbe determyned con- 
cernynge me, wheather yt be for my staye here or retourne thether. 
fv The accompte ys not yet fynyshed, and I staye Mr. Watherhowse 
here to brynge yt to your Lordship. The causes of the trebles in 
the accompte ys by the nomber of the accomptants, which are very 
neare 30, and that grewe by the mortalytye amonge us thys 
laste yere, wherin I loste many of my pryncypall servantes and 
other mynysters of truste. The wante of money here ys grate, and 
althowghe I see no reason to demaunde anye before the accompte 
come, yet the nessesyty ys no whyte the lesse, which I reffer to your 
Lordship to be somewhat holpen, yf yt be possyble. 

Her Mayestie hathe recovered from me the possesyon of North e 
Fambrydge, a manor which hathe bene possesyd by my ancestors 
a longe tyme, and as your Lordship knowethe I cam but latelye to 
yt. Lyttell evydence or non have I for that land, therfore I can 
saye nothynge to the tytell, but evean appelle to Her Mayestie's 
goodnes. I humblye beseche your Lordship to be a rnene that I 
maye have the lande, and I wyll geve for yt eyther in money or 
rent what youe shall thynke good. 

My good Lord, I wyll conclud with thys, I do acknowledge 
mysellf to be so muche bownden unto you, as no man can be to anye 
man more. 

I praye your Lordship make thys rekenynge, that there ys not anye 
man in the worlde more at your comandinent then I am, and so I 
humblye take my leve, prayinge God to send your Lordship a longe, 
honourable, and a happye lyffe. 

Wrytten at Dublyne the 12 of Januarye 1574. 

Youre Lordship's moste bownden, 


Addressed : To the Right Honorable my [very go]od Lord, the 
Lord [Burghlejgh, Lord Treasurer of England. 

Indorsed: My L. of Essex to my L. From Dublin. 


This is a very remarkable letter, and gives a good in- 
sight into the sorrows and workings of the Earl's mind. 
The passage too where he incidentally mentions how the 
Lord Deputy Eytzwylliams had entered into a very good 
course of execution of idle men in the English Pale leads 
to serious reflection on this ready way of ridding the 
world of superfluous life. 

The following extract of a very characteristic letter* 
from Vice-Treasurer Sir Edward Eyton to Lord Treasurer 
Burghley is worthy of perusal. 

YOUR Lordship's most honourable and earnest letter of the 
ix. of Sept. last, came to my hands at Newry the xxviij. of 
October, which dyd greve me not a lyttle, bycause you wryte the 
matter dyd incumber you for the good wyll you bear me. But 
wher it pleased your Lordship boath to wyshe and desyer me 
earnestly to advertyse you the troth of the matter therin con- 
tayned, I hope your Lordship is perswaded that ther is nothyng 
wherof I wyll conceale any parte of the troth from you, dewty 
reserved. And syns I receaved your sayd letter, I have blamed 
myself for not makyng you privy what passed in this matter befor 
I came over, wherof I then made small accompt, but as it may be 
now thought it was mynystered to me of purpos, notwithstandyng 
seying it is as it is, thus it was. 

At Hatfelld, after your Lordship was gone thens, I wayted one 
evenyng Hir Majestic walkyng forth into the parke, and after 
she and my lord of Leyceter had talked a good whyle with Mr. 
Agard, Hir Highnes walked over the great dale in the parke and 
sate hir downe under an ooke, and my Lord of Leyceter leanyng 
to the oke by hir, she called me to hir, and gracyously smylyng 
began to jest with me, saying I was cum to preferment syns she 
saw me, meanyng my imprisonment in Dublyn, wherunto, after I 
had humbly answered, she asked me of the state of Munster ; I sayd 
for anythyng I heard it was quyett after the maner of the cuntrey ; 
yea, sayd she, how say you by the Earle of Ormounde's brethern ? 
I answered, One of theym, Sir Edmond, is made sheryff of Leax, 
and the others lyve in the cuntrey without any notoryous doyngs 
but eatyng f as hath ben used. But sayth my Lord of Leyceter, 

* P. 82, No. 59. 

| Eating on the country without paying. 


What say you by Edward Butler ? Truly, my lord, sayd I, I heare 
no other of hym. Yea, sayth the Quene, he wyll not cum to the 
Debytye but uppon protection. I answered, Indede ! I have not 
sene nor knowen hym with the Debytye, but ones at Kylkenny, 
when his Lordship traveled bytwyn the cuntreys of Ormound, Ty- 
perary, Ossery, and Ely,* and then he came uppon assurance, which 
is now, this November, twoo years past. Sayth she, That is strange 
that the Debyty wyll suffer it so. And then she fell in talke of 
Sir Barnabe, boath of his doynges and sufferings, and so dyd ryse 
and went home, and this is all that ever I heard, or sayd, eyther to 
Hir Majestic or any Councellor, of this matter, tyll I tooke leave 
of my Lord of Leyceter at Kylyngworthf, wher, after sum good 
speches, he sayd to me that Hir Majestie's pleasure was, the 
Councell shold wryte to my Lord of Ormound of his brother's 
dysobedyence in not comyng to the Debytye without protection ; 
which, when I heard, I called to mynde how I was brought into 
the former speche therof with the Quene, and said to his Lordship, 
I trust my speeche shold not be made aucthor therof, neyther 
could be, for I spake but of one tyine which was long syns. No, 
Mary ! sayth my Lord of Leyceter, Agard dyd speake it as well as 
you. And this is the whole troth with all cyrcumstances as my 
wytt can remember theym. And I protest to your Lordship that 
as sone as I heard entrance made into that matter by my Lord 
of Leyceter afore Hir Majestic, I armed myself to answer theym 
as warely as I could possybly, knowyng I sayled bytwyn Silla and 
Charibdis ; nevertheles I sayd truly to my knoledge, and neyther 
more nor lesse 

From Newrye returnyg from our northern journey, the vj. of 
November 1575. 

Your Lordship's humbly and moost assuredly bound, 


In this letter we have a -vivid description of Her Majesty 
whilst walking forth one afternoon with her courtiers 
into the park at Hatfield. The notice of Leicester's 
deportment is only less interesting than that of the Queen. 
We must reflect too that Queen Elizabeth and the cour- 
tiers who surrounded her where at this period in very 
deed the most leading of Irish characters, they were 

* Ely O'Carrol. t Kenilworth. 

xxxii PREFACE. 

inaugurating that system of civilization in Ireland which 
had been instituted in England and Wales, and had 
been brought to so great perfection under her grandfather 
and her father. First Smith and then Essex had been 
sent to plant in Ulster as undertakers, with a view of 
teaching the native Irish how to live in towns, and to 
cultivate their lands after the fashion found to succeed 
so well in England, to put down the wars made in each 
sept or nation for the succession at the death of every 
chief, and to bridle the inordinate power of the lords over 
their dependent clansmen. These are the statesmen who 
kept the Scottish Queen in captivity, and by policy and 
succour to the United Provinces of the Low Countries 
curbed the power of Spain. 

In what manner Her Royal Majesty of England esteemed 
the efforts of her faithful lieges to reduce Ireland to that 
state which she desired, we may learn in the following 
letter to Essex, probably written in 1575.* 

Right trusty, &c. The honourable and most dutiful manner 
of writing used in your two last letters, by the which spoiling 
yourself altogether of your own affections you do wholly yield and 
submit yourself to Our will and pleasure, did not a little content 
Us, whereby We perceive after that the late exercise you have had 
of patience sithence your employment in that Our realm [of Ireland], 
through a most toilful struggling with sundry cross and overthwart 
accidents, you have now at the length attained, to your great and 
singular commendation, a perfect conquest over such passions as 
heretofore bare some rule with you, and would hardly be restrained 
within the limits of true temperance, wherewith as you know, 
Cousin, We have heretofore been somewhat acquainted. And though 
perhaps you may think that it hath been a dear conquest unto 
you, in respect of the great care of mind, toil of body,f and the 
intolerable charges you have sustained, to the consumption of 
some good portion of your patrimony, yet if the great reputation 
that you have gained thereby be weighed in the balance of just 

* P. 84, Dora., vol. xlv. p. 82. f He died within a year after this. 

PEEFACE. xxxiii 

value, or tried at the touchstone of true desert, it shall then appear 
that neither your mind's care, your body's toil, nor purse's charge 
was unprofitably employed ; for by the decay of those things that 
are subject to corruption and mortality you have, as it were, 
invested yourself with immortal renown, the true mark that every 
honourable mind ought to shoot at. And though you are to reap 
the chiefest fruit thereof, yet next yourself, be you right well 
assured, that We will give place to no other creature, or second 
person living, by yielding that they can take like joy or comfort 
therein as We do. Now to come to your question, by the which 
you desire to know whether We think that your demands made 
unto Us were grounded upon the respect of your own benefit or 
Our service, you shall for answer thereof understand that We con- 
ceive for both, interpreting, as We do, the word benefit not to 
import that servile gain that base minded men hunt after, but a 
desire to live in action and to make proof of your virtue, and being 
made of the metal you are ;* not unprofitably, or rather reproach- 
fully to fester in the delights of English Egypt, where the most 
part of those that are bred in that soil take greatest delight in 
holding their noses over the beef pots. And thus much touching 
your question 

Now touching your last demand for Magee's Island, though We 
have some cause to continue Our former determination, in referring 
the same over unto Our said Deputy's f consideration, at whose 
hands We appointed you should receive full resolution, yet have 
We so great a desire to satisfy you therein, that We are content 
absolutely to yield that you shall have the same. 

Now to conclude. Whereas you desire by your humble and 
earnest request unto Us, to have your said demands to pass imme- 
diately from Us, to Whom only you desire to be beholding, surely 
Our meaning and intent was never otherwise, though We must, as 
all other princes do, use therein the ministry of others, for We 
would be loth that any portion of that love and devotion, which 
We mean to deserve should be cast on others, who shall neither 
have that will nor power to enable them to be sufficient competitors 
with Us in that behalf. 

The following extract of a letter J from Sir William 

* He was descended from "Thomas, Duke of Gloucester, youngest son 
of King Edward III., and had married Lettice, Her Majesty's nearest 

t Sir Henry Sydney. J P, 101, No. 49. 


xxxiv PREFACE. 

Gerrarde, Chancellor of Ireland from 23rd April 1576 till 
his death in 1581, written to Burghley, shows very fully 
the need there was for some severity in government. 

Of the great necessity to have one learned to be Her Majesty's 
Attorney, and another to be Justice, I have signified to Her Majesty, 
with humble request to have two speedily sent over. Had [ two 
such I would in Lent travel in person with them one itinerant 
sessions throughout the Pale, even upon the borders, and see the 
good laws, heretofore in the time of King Henry the Sixth and 
sithen established by Parliament, to cut off idle followers, severely 
put in execution, the want whereof hath greatly hindered this 
estate ; for, right honourable, I see these idle followers, even within 
the Pale, to be so many in number as force the poor husbandmen 
or churls', as they be termed, to keep their cattle nightly in fenced 
walls. These when they lie upon the country consume the poor, 
and where they cannot have entertainment, or a bonnaught or 
coyne as they term it, there they waste. If these were cut off 
this estate would amend. Sitting terms in Dublin will never by 
law suppress them. Such itinerant circuits as are in Wales to be 
kept by the English Justice must begin the reform, executing 
justice with all severity, without sparing the best sort, wherein 

they be found to offend 

Dublin, 15 November [1576]. 

Andrew Trollope * has recorded his opinion thus : 
Without good education in knowledge of God and His worde, 
and of sume good artes, occupations, or labour, whereby to' gett 
their lyveinges, God can never be feared, loved, or served, Her 
Majestic loved or obeyed, or the people lyve without robbing and 
steleing, to which murder and all other kinde of myschief wilbe 

Again on the 24th of November 1576 f Sir William 
Drury, President of Munster, writes to Walsingham : 

The whole province is, I thank God, very quiet, and not any 
one man that I can say he is out, and so I trust it will continue. 
The common people more ready to embrace justice than the lords, 
whose pride is great, and do impatiently bear and hardly digest 
the English government no further than force and heavy hand con- 

* P. 318, No. 39, p. 138 of manuscript. f P. 101, No. 51. 

PREFACE. xxxv 

straineth. The cess is as bitter unto them as gall whereat they 
inwardly kick and spurn, and have put themselves together to 
work sundry privy practices to be delivered thereof, and now 
mean by their letters to labour the Queen's Majesty to that effect, 
at whose hands if they do not prevail, they be good warrants to 
set forward some further mischief, notwithstanding I hope the 
Queen's Majesty will not let slip that princely prerogative, whereof 
they would rob her, that themselves might the more largely impose 
coin and livery and many other Irish exactions by them laid and 
cut upon the poor country, to the utter impoverishing thereof, 
little enriching of them, but maintenance of a number * idle persons 
and thieves, and contrary unto Her Majesty's laws, by the which 
it is felony for any subject to eat and spoil upon the country ; since 
my entrance here I have something letted them hereof, and eased 
the country of these and other like extortions. 

The nobles and gentlemen to nothing more forward than to 
maintain and . . . their idle persons and thieves, the best 
clerks and caters of their k[ind], which wicked kind I have indif- 
ferently weeded out since my coming, [to] the number of four score 
put to execution, and hope better to sift them. I have caused all 
the nobles, gentlemen, and others in this province, to book their 
men, and to stand answerable for them, of which book, myself, 
the sheriff of each county, and the provost marshal, have the copy, 
and the marshal doth ride from place to place, and is not idle. 

The second of October last, I began the assizes in Cork, where 
I hanged to the number of 42. Of which some were notable 
malefactors, one pressed,f and two gentlemen of the chief of the 
M'Sweenys hanged, drawn and quartered ; one of these two being 
captain of galloglas, half a year before my coming, took away the 
prey of cattle (with his banner displayed) from Cork, the which 
banner he had carried before him unto the place of execution, 
and the same I reserve for your honour. 

In the following extract of a letter on the state of 
Meath, written by Sir William Gerrarde, the Chancellor of 
Ireland, to Walsyngham, we see how the jury at Trim 
indicted above a hundred persons for retaining idle 
followers, which doubtless must have made it a hard case 
for poor men. 

* Sic. f i.e., pressed to death. 

c 2 


On the 8th of February 1577 * Sir William Gerrarde 
wrote to Walsyngham : . 

I think it an acceptable service to Her Majesty, if I did no 
more but lay the plat to deliver justice in these places within the 
Pale, for although they say the justices yearly have travelled circuits, 
yet in the county of Meath, which county in estimation and every 
charge doubleth any of the rest, and in the principal " town 
of that county called Trim, where I spent five days, methought 
their court resembled an English penfold for cattle. There assembly 
to serve the Queen of the poorest apparelled, like English cottagers 
or worse; no crier to attend ; no show of a sheriff; the proceedings 
for the Queen to indict and arraign as " disorderous," for example, 
this bearer hath to show you two indictments, the one found, the 
other presented, which considered by the learned and reported to 
Her Highness, Her Majesty may perceive how high time it is to send 
over English officers, yet this there was to be liked, that after the 
charge I delivered them, those mean persons of the jury, whether 
of bent mind to resist the cess, or with joy to understand that 
their oppressions should be heard and relieved, indicted above 
a hundred for retaining of idle followers, what order I took with 
them the copy of a recognizance which this bearer will show 
you will manifest. I would all the Earls and noblemen and other 

of calling in this land were entered into the like 

I doubt not ere this summer end to frame an order in better sort 
and with more reverence to beautify the judge and court. 

On the 8th of February 1577 f Lord Chancellor Gerrarde 
speaks of his device to work hanging in place of agreeing 
to recompense felonious offences, and describes to Walsyng- 
ham the state of Leinster, near Dublin, as follows : 

True it is in mine opinion, another course had been better, 
for if 10 years past the governor had put on determination to 
subject the whole Irishry to the sword, and had received such 
allowance as would have maintained a sufficient garrison, as well 
for that respect as for fortification, which, so much treasure as hath 
been consumed in some four years since that time (as I think) would 
have discharged, (which manner of government in my judgment, 
if ever Ireland shall be thoroughly reformed, must be practised), 

* P. 104, No. 16. f p - 1Q 4, No. 18. 


Ireland I suppose had been in other terms of wealth and obedience 
than it is at this day, but since Her Highness, wearied with the 
great charge sustained (and not causeless) stinteth the governor 
[Lord Deputy Sydney] to his proportion, which will not maintain 
the former course, I answer that no better way can be taken than 
that the governor drive the Irishry with as small charge as may 
be, and with all the policy he can devise, to be quiet from actual 
rebellion, to subject their lands to a yearly charge, compassing 
thereby that the revenue of every province may bear the charge 
to be bestowed upon the officers and garrison, who of necessity 
must still remain to keep them from breaking the tether, wherein 
neither oath, pardon, or protection hitherto, could ever keep them 
so surely tied, but at one time or other, taking the advantage of 
time, they would break out. And after, upon the very borders 
of every country, to deliver justice, by justices of the English nation, 
with such severity as the poor flies may have yearly comfort to 
be delivered from the webs and oppression of the great spiders, 
and those great ones and their idle catchers dealt with all 
severity according to law, and the Irish countries made counties, 
and so by little and little to stretch the Pale further, thereby to 
hit the mark long shot at, and hitherto missed, which is to save 
the revenue of England, and bring somewhat hence. And for 
the supply of this course of service, and that he (Sydney) is no 
gainer by keeping of fewer in garrison than appointed, I affirm 
it to your Honour of my knowledge, the Deputy keepeth above 
1,500 in garrison, besides holding kerne in pay, and since my 
coming to the land, in several places he hath been forced at times 
to hold them all occupied, which hath bred no small charge, and 
how far forward this service in this course is proceeded in, my 
Lord's former advertisements to your Honour hath manifested. 

Much speech I heard also in England, and greatly wondered at, 
that of so long time it had been suffered and not remedied, that 
even to Dublin gates every man was forced to keep their cattle 
in fastness, which rumour, and the report of stealing so near the 
city, may bread conceit of great unquiet, I therefore take occasion 
to let your Honour understand, that like as I find it true, that 
all cattle are for the most part so kept, even so, this my small 
time of experience weighed with my long knowledge of Wales 
maketh me apparently to see the cause, and the less to marvel to 
hear of such common stealths, for before the 26th year of King 
Henry the Eighth, who was he of the English counties that bordered 

xxxviii PREFACE. 

upon the skirts of the mountains of Montgomery, Radnor, Breck- 
nock, or Monmouth, that in towns nightly kept not their cattle 
in folds, and the fear of the mountain thieves caused it. So 
here the skirts of the mountains stretcheth within four miles of 
Dublin, that mountain for 20 miles in length and 10 miles in 
breadth is very waste ground, where none inhabit, full of bogs 
scarce passable, so as let the thief once catch the mountain there 
is no following, and in small time in the night, if cattle were 
abroad they would be driven to the mountain, and in the east 
side of those mountains the Byrnes and Tooles have their habi- 
tation. Those live, and ever have lived, Irishly, and have been 
ever reputed as thieves ; that mountain soil is apt to bring forth 
such fruit, and as long as those be mountains, how well soever 
they be governed, and justice executed, yet will the same still 
breed some thieves, and therefore as much hold is to be taken 
to hear of garrons or cows stolen at Dublin's town's end, if they 
be abroad, as are of advertisements which yearly be given to the 
council in the Marches [of Wales] in the beginning of November, 
when the nights grow long, of several felonies in manner in every 
mountain country, notwithstanding they be civilly governed, and 
yet thus much your Honour shall understand, that of all this 
winter there was not one felony committed between the skirts 
of the mountain and this city of Dublin, at the leastwise com- 
plained of, which I hear could not be so said of many years before. 
The chief cause of the continuance and increase of these Welsh 
felonies (bear with me if I be still in Wales, for had I not gathered 
some experience there, I had never been fit for this service,) was 
the privileges and customs which Lords Marchers had to agree 
and redeem felons, the very same cause hath been the chief root 
of these felonies. 

To remove this and to bring them to answer to law, my Lord 
Deputy hath resolved this Lent, taking Mr. Agarde's and my 
assistance to travel, first to Kilkenny, there, to keep sessions, then 
to Wexford, where some contentions have wasted the country, 
and then to return through those mountains, first to make one 
part thereof a county of itself, to join the other part to Dublin, 
to keep sessions in every of them, and to take like recognizance 
for the idle followers as I have done in Trim, to banish all 
mountain meetings used to compound and agree for felonies, and 
to work hanging in place of agreeing to recompense felonious 


As many of the " precise sort " were sent into Ireland 
at this time, either to get them out of the way, the Queen 
not being over partial to their opinions, or as a field for 
the exercise of their zeal in reclaiming those who were 
in need of improvement, we will observe the way in which 
Archhishop Loftus defends himself from the aspersion or 
charge of Puritanism. On the 16th of March 1577* he 
wrote to "Walsyngham : 

It may please you, Sir. Beinge in great anxietie and trowble 
of mynde for that I was advertised thence of Her Majesty's heavy 
displeasure conceyved agaynste me. Althoughe my conscience 
testified clearly with me, that my endeavour and whole drifte 
hathe in all my doinges alwayes been to deserve Hir Majesty's 
moste gracious favour and likinge, yet could I not reste nor be 
quiet, in a matter of so great importance, but with as muche speede 
as I coulde, bothe for the satysfyenge of Her Majestic and for the 
ease of my owne afflicted and heavy mynde, prepared my jorney 
towardes Englande. And beinge imbarked, and a good way on 
the seas, the wynde came into the easte and repelled me backe 
agayne, and returned a man of myne, sent before of purpose, with 
letters to you and to others of my good lordes and frends there, 
,by whome I understande that the matter is not so heynous as 
by the fonde, and unadvised conceyte, and writinge of a man of 
myne, I was provoked to feare ; some litle inglinge hathe been 
given me (whether truly or no God noweth), that Hir Majestie 
hathe been enformed that I am a Puritane, and a favourer of 
Mr. Cartwright and his doctrine. Truly, Sir, I am utterly ignorant 
what the terme and accusation of a Puritane meaneth. And 
as for Mr. Cartwright, he was once my householde chapleyne, and 
contynued in my house about twoo yeares, duringe which tyme, 
and before in the tyme of my acquaintance with him in Cambridge, 
I have so conceyved of his life and learninge, that I muste needes 
confese I love and favour his person. For his doctryne, I have read 
his books, and the answers thereunto ; for my judgement and 
opynion wherein, as I dare not condemne all, so am I right hertely 
sory that he hathe ofended the State, wherein he never had ayde 
or comforte of me any way ; for when he was of my famylye, thes 
contraversies were not then begonne ; and since, as I have not once 
seen hym, so have I not heard often from hym. Well, I will not 

* P. 106, No. 36. 


trouble you with any longe discourse of this matter, but will leave 
the judgement thereof to God Almightye, who knowethe that the 
pureste of us all are impure and fowle, bothe in body and mynde, 
etc. As I understand by Sir William Fitzwilliam, your good 
affection and favour towardes me (for Godd's cause I know ye do 
it), so do I humbly beseche you to bestow a few lynes of good 
advertisement and counsell unto me, how I might beste open my 
innocencye to Hir Majesty either in this matter of Mr. Cartwright, 
if there be any suche, or in any thinge els that may be misconceyved 
of me, for I thanke God my conversation hathe been suche in this 
sedicious contry, for the space of thes xvj yeares, that no censure 
of my life and doinges shall make me afrayed ; only the indignacion 
of Hir Sacred Majesty, whose favour I preferre before my life, is 
more dreadfull unto me then any deathe. 

I have also humbly to crave your furtherance and helpe in 
procuringe a new commission for causes ecclesiastical, which I am 
desirous to have to my selfe and certeyne otheres only for my 
owne dioces and province, in suche sorte as I have written to my 
Lorde of Canterbury. Other partes of the realme may be well 
supplied by my Lord Chauncelor and others in their itinerate cir- 
cuites. I would be occupied only in my owne charge, where I 
shall continually reside. Thus humbly cravinge your favour and 
furtherance in thes sutes, so farre as ye shall thinke them consonant 
to reason, I comend you with my prayers to God. From Tallaughe, 
the xvith of March 1576. 

Yours assured at commandement, 


This volume contains ample details of the constitutional 
struggle against the imposition of a composition in lieu of 
cess. It had been customary to impose a proportion of 
provisions for the garrisons and for maintenance of the 
Governor's household. The delegates of each district 
attended the Lord Deputy and Council and agreed to 
certain rates of assessment to defray the charge. Sir 
H. Sydney conceived a plat for converting this occasional 
subsidy into a permanent revenue, and attempted to enforce 
it by prerogative royal, but this and the rebellion of the 
Viscount Baltinglas and his friends we must leave, and 
pass on to the more stormy episodes of the rebellions raised 
in Munster, one by Sir J. Pitzmaurice, the other by the Earl 


of Desmond. These are much mixed up with circumstances 
of foreign sympathy and aid, and aspire to a place in the 
history of Europe. 

The following draft* of a letter from the Privy Council 
in England to the Earl of Desmond, shows the care with 
which they warned him of the perilsf which he was now 
ahout to incur : 

After our hearty commendations to your Lordship. By letters 
which we lately received from the President of Munster, we were 
advertised of a very dangerous course you were entering into, by 
assembling certain forces in such disordered sort, as if they had 
continued any longer time about you would have proved no less 
perilous to yourself than troublesome to that province. But foras- 
much as by the said letters we do likewise understand that this 
act of your Lordship proceeded not, as you protested to the Lord 
Deputy and President, of any ill intention you had to disquiet that 
state, but only of a certain fear you had conceived of a commission 
falsely bruited (no doubt by some your private enemies, that by 
practice would be glad to draw you into any undutiful action that 
might purchase unto you Her Majesty's indignation to the over- 
throw of your state), to be given to the said President for your 
apprehension ; and that since, well perceiving the said bruit to be 
untrue, you have not only submitted yourself to the Lord Deputy 
there, but have promised to put away all your horsemen, gallo- 
glasses, kerne, and such like idle and unprofitable followers, and to 
keep about you only such a number as is fit for your state, and for 
the avoiding of all suspicion of undutifulness in you towards Her 
Majesty. We cannot but greatly commend and allow your Lord- 
ship's doings in this behalf, hoping by this error and oversight 
that you will hereafter learn to take better heed how you credit 
such false rumours as may provoke you to the like attempt ; and 
exhorting you likewise, according to your said promise, to put from 
you that great and disordered company, which in short time may 
waste and consume your livelihood and possessions, that would be 
well saved for your better ability upon any good occasion to serve 
Her Majesty and your country. Which good course, if Her Majesty 

* P. 129, No. 15. 

f See the combination of the Earl of Desmond and others of 18 July 
1574, printed in Morrin's Calendar, vol. ii. p. 109. 


may from time to time be advertised from Her chief ministers there 
that your Lordship doth follow, you may be most assured that as 
She and we have been always far from that mind to seek any way 
to entrap your Lordship in any danger, so shall you be sure to 
receive from hence, and Her Majesty's ministers there, as sincere 
comfort, protection, defence, and countenance as is fit to be yielded 
to one of your quality, and a subject that desireth to live m peace 
and quiet under justice and good laws. And so we bid your Lord- 
ship heartily well to fare. From, &c. 

Indorsed : Memorandum of a letter from my Lords to the Earl . 
Desmond. Entered." 

Shortly after we have the following draft of a letter* 
from the Queen to the Countess of Desmond :- 


WHEREAS by such letters as have lately come from our 
President of Munster and others in that Our realm of Ireland, We 
be advertised of the submission and late coming in of the Earl your 
husband to Our Deputy there, and of his purpose hereafter to shake 
off the great number of followers he hath had attending on him, 
entertained, as We do learn, through a fear he conceived by a false 
rumour spread of a commission that Our said President had to 
apprehend him, a matter indeed never thought or intended towards 
him, but suggested as We conjecture by such your husband's 
private enemies as would gladly by any practice throw him into 
some action of arms, whereby he might incur Our heavy displeasure 
and his own utter ruin. Forasmuch as We be also informed that 
your good travel with your husband, to remove from him this vain 
fear of his apprehension, and to leave off his number of followers, 
hath brought him to such good terms of conformity as he now 
standeth in, We thought it very meet to signify unto you Our good 
acceptation of your travel in this behalf, wherein, as you have 
showed yourself a dutiful subject to Us, and careful of the quiet of 
that country, so have you declared yourself no less wise and loving 
towards your husband for the preservation of his estate, which 
might easily have been utterly ruined if he had not by good means 
been brought to the said submission. Wherefore as you have 
always been careful that he should so carry himself as might be 
best to Our good liking, so Our desire is you do continue, especially 

* P. 129, No. 21. 

PREFACE. xliii 

in persuading him to cut off the multitude of his followers, whereby 
reducing his lands to a greater yearly profit and revenue as he shall 
be better able to serve Us in that Our realm ; so We will be very 
willing always to protect and defend him, against all the unlawful 
attempts and injuries of such as wish his decay and overthrow. 

Countess of Desmond. 
Indorsed : Minute to the Countess of Desmond. Entered. 

On the 14th of June 1578* the Lord Deputy and Council 
addressed a letter to the Privy Council, stating that 
Stucley's invasion hath a show almost of undoubted 
certainty. We find that 5,000. had been provided to 
resist him.f That it was no small storm he was prepared 
to hurl upon these shores may be gathered from the 
account received from the region where it fell. The Pope, 
Gregory XIII., was amusing himself with the dream of 
making his son, Signer Jacomo, King of Ireland. Stucley 
agreed to everything that was proposed, and was pre- 
paring a large army for the purpose when, on going to the 
young King of Portugal, Don Sebastian, to ask for aid 
from him, that King prevailed upon him to go first against 
Muley Moloch, King of Eez, Morocco, and Tarudant, and 
promised that afterwards he would give him valuable aid 
for his invasion of Ireland. Both the King and Stucley 
fell at the battle of Alcazar quivir on the 22nd of Septem- 
ber 1578. The Christian army consisted of 9,000 Portu- 
guese foot, 3,000 Germans, 700 Italians under Sir Thomas 
Stucley, 2,000 Castilians sent by Philip II., the King's 
uncle, and 500 volunteers, amounting in all to 15,200 men ; 
the Moorish army consisted of 60,000 horse and 40,000 
foot. Of the Christian army not above 50 escaped. There 
fell on the field of battle, the Count of Vimioso, Don Lewis 
de Coutigno, Don Vasco de Gama, Don Alonso de Norogno, 
the Counts of Redondo, Videguera, and Mira, Don Diego, 
son to the Duke of JBragan9a, the Bishops of Oporto and 

* P. 135, No. 2. t p - 142 > N O- i3 - 


Coimbra, and many others. The young Duke of Barcelos, 
but twelve years old, and the Prior of Crato were amongst 
the prisoners. The plunder of the Portuguese camp 
formed a prodigious booty, for all the young Lords 
had piqued themselves upon an ill-placed magnificence. 
Muley Hamet, the brother of Muley Moloch, was saluted 
King' by the Moors that very night. The victory, how- 
ever, cost them dear, for they lost at least 18,000 men ; 
and those who fled when the first line was broken made 
their way to Fez, and published that the battle was lost ; 
so that when the neAVs of the victory arrived the next day 
it was scarcely believed, more especially as those who 
brought it acknowledged that Muley Moloch was dead, so 
that it was looked upon as an artifice to keep the city 
quiet ; but they were quickly undeceived, and immoderate 
rejoicing succeeded to ill-grounded apprehensions. 

I must not omit to call attention to a letter signed by 
Everard Mercurian,* written from Rome to James Pitz- 
maurice at Paris, on the 28th of June 1578.f He 
considers that the present is not a fitting time to send his 
men into Scotland or Ireland. He was very old at the 
time, and died two years after; he had long enjoyed a 
high position. 

In October 1578 the Lord Justice Drury is said to have 
executed 36 at Kilkenny, one of whom was a black- 
amoor, and two witches, who were condemned by " the 
law of nature," for there was no positive law against 
witchcraft in those days. At this period there was a very 
general complaint against witchcraft, which even the Earl 
of Ormond did not blush to assign as the sole cause of the 
rebellion of his brothers. 

* Who was the General of the Jesuits as early as 1540. 

| P. 136, No. 11. 

$ Cox, History of Ireland, 1578, Oct., p. 354. 


On the 6th of March 1579* Lord Justice Drury addressed 
Walsyngham as follows : 

HAVING met at my arrival to Tintern with certain ad- 
vertisements from Justice Walshe concerning James Fitzmaurice, 
I thought it good presently to despatch away therewith this mes- 
senger of mine, and to make your Honour acquainted with the news, 
which being of such importance as they seem to me to be, consider- 
ing the treacherous disposition of the said James, and his long 
practices abroad with foreign Princes to trouble and disquiet this 
state, and withal having regard to the time, he being already 
embarked and gone to seas (as these men affirm), do require both 
careful and speedy provision to prevent his attempts, either before 
landing or after, if he direct his course hither, which I for my part 
here will do the best I can to do, by all the means I shall be able 
to devise, being glad that I have already framed iny journey 
toward these parts, where most harm is to be feared, though it be 
to be looked for, that if he should once land indeed, both Con- 
naught and the north would soon be in an uproar. I have already 
written to my Lord Chancellor thereof, and required him in mine 
absence to be vigilant to any moving or alteration that might happen 
anywhere in those parts, and to hasten the rigging and trimming 
up of the Queen's ship, which is now in mending, about the furniture 
for which, as I have before my coming from Dublin, at the request 
of Captain Thornton written unto your Honour, so do I now upon 
this occasion earnestly require you to speed the despatch, and 
sending over of the same, to the end she may, if the case require, 
be in a readiness to be set forth to the seas. I send unto your 
Honour the letter itself that the Justice sent unto me, to the end 
you may the better conceive the whole report and consider there- 

And forasmuch as these news have ministered this opportunity 
unto me, I thought it not amiss to let your Honour understand 
that since my coming from Dublin, which was the 24th of the last 
month, I have in my way hitherward passed through the Byrnes 
and Tools, and visited Hugh M 'Shane, and all his strength and 
fastness, from whence he could have been content to have spared 
my company, and to have provided for me elsewhere at his own 
charges, though he gave me the best entertainment he could when 

* P. 162, No. 2. 

xlvi PREFACE. 

he saw that needs I would be his guest. From thence I came into 
the county of Wexford; viewed the old ruinous castle of Ferns; 
and so to the town of Wexford the first day of this month, where, 
although certain notable malefactors had broken prison out of the 
castle not three days before we came thither, yet did we some 
execution, and hanged one (among others) that was the greatest 
landed man of all the Cavanaghs ; and so having spent two whole 
days there, and one night at Tintern by the way, I came yester- 
niaht to this city, meaning on Wednesday next (God willing) to 
depart hence, to go and hold sessions at Cork, and so thence to 
Limerick, and through MI Brien Arra's country to visit O'Carrol's 
and the Lord of Upper Ossory's countries, and to shire them, as I 
have done already the Byrnes' and the Tools', and some parts of the 
county of Wexford which were never shired as yet, having erected a 
new county of Ferns. The copy of which our doings I send unto your 
Honour as the perfection of a special good work, ofttimes heretofore 
intended, but never brought to pass till now, not doubting but as 
you have the maidenhead, as I may term it, of this our travel, so 
you wiU allow and like well thereof. And even so being purposed 
to spend all this Lent in travel, accompanied with Mr. Treasurer, 
Sir Edward Fyton, and Mr. Chief Baron, who assist me still to my 
great ease and comfort in weightiest causes, and to spend my Easter 
about Kells or in O'Reilly's country at the Cavan, to see whether I 
can meet with the new-created Bishop, of whom I have formerly 
written to your Honour, and to take some good order for the con- 
tinuing of the quiet of those borders. I cease for this time, and 
take my leave. From Waterford, the 6th of March 1578 [1579]. 

Your Honour's all assured, 

Addressed : To Sir Francis Walsyngham. 

The following is the inclosure :* 

MY duty remembered. This night, being the 27th of February 
1578, arrived in the haven of Kinsale a bark of that town, laden at 
Bilboa in Biscay with iron and pitch, the company whereof do tell 
that they met there with James Fitzmaurice, accompanied with fifty 
men, all Spaniards, saving five of this country, having with him 
his wife and his two daughters, and that they were in a Spanish 
bark of the burden of three score tons, and that James and his 
company sought much upon this bark because it was for Ireland, 

* P. 162, No. 2. i. 

PREFACE. xlvii 

and that James was very desirous to remain with him, Thomas 
Bouvyl, the master of the bark of Kinsale, being known to be both 
a good master and also a perfect pilot, and born in the town of the 
Dingle. Some of James's company gave out that he was to meet at 
the Groin [Corunna], in Gallicia, with a great ship of 400 tons which 
the Pope gave him, and that he had commission to take all English- 
men and all Huguenots which he might meet with. He, James, 
departed Bilboa on Friday, being the 20th of this month. For that 
we find by long experience that this rebel bears a cankered hate 
to the civil government of his country, and that there is as much 
hypocrisy in him as may be in any, I hold it wisdom to suspect 
each thing he shall do. And under your Lordship's better judg- 
ment I believe it should do well to address out the Queen's ship 
towards this coast, that either she may prevent him whilst he is 
careless and looks for DO resistance upon the sea, or else that by 
farther intelligence which she may give, provision may be made to 
stay his landing here, which by all liklihood he intends. And thus 
with the remembrance of my duty I commit you to God, assuring 
your Lordship that what may be done here (ever heeding that we 
put no hurtful buzzes in the wavering people's heads,) shall be done. 
From Kinsale, this 27th of February 1578. 

Your Lordship's at commandment, 

Addressed : To the Right Honourable Sir William Drury, Knight, 
Lord President of Munster, and Lord Justice of Ireland. Delivered 
unto the messenger at 10 of clock at night. 

Indorsed : 1578, 4 Martii, from Justice Walshe, of the 27th of 

Here is a note* of such service as the Earl of Clanrycard 
did unto his Prince, since the third year of the reign of 
King Edward the Sixth : 

First. The said Earl entered into his country after he came from 
the King, and did win his territor}' out of many Irish enemies' 
hands without putting to any charges the Prince. 

Item. Sir Edward Bellingham being Lord Deputy, the Conors 
and Mores having at all times before succour and aid at the hands 
of the Kellys and the Conors of Connaught, the Earl being in 
that country did bar them of that succour and aid, by the which 

* P. 162, No. 4. 

xlviii PREFACE. 

and by the pursuit of the Deputy, Brian O'Conor and Gillpatrick 
O'More, chief of their nation, was fain to submit themselves to the 
Prince's mercy. 

Item. In the aforesaid Deputy's time the said Conors and Mores 
made a new rebellion, and the Conors made as their chief captain 
and leader Cahir Roe O'Conor, which Cahir entered into Connaught 
for to get aid and strength there, and for proof of the Earl's former 
service, hearing of the said Cahir's coming into the country, did 
pursue him, did take him, and brought him to the said Lord Deputy 
to Dublin, where he was executed. 

Item. Sir Anthony Sentleger, being Lord Deputy, Sir Donnell 
O'Brien, then O'Brien in Thomond, did raise a rebellion, and came 
as far as the Queen's county of Leix, to a place called Bearny Con- 
naught, to aid the Conors and the Mores, at which time he " parled " 
with the Deputy, and desired those Conors and Mores upon his 
peace, that request being refused by the said Lord Deputy, at his 
return home did burn and spoil a piece of my Lord of Ormond's 
country. This matter seeming strange unto me, that Sir Donnell 
O'Brien should raise so great an army against my Prince, being my 
neighbour, I sent unto the Lord Deputy for aid, and offered my 
service unto his Lordship against the said Donnell, at which time 
his Lordship sent me a hundred Englishmen, which I kept ten 
weeks at mine own charges, besides mine own train ; and within a 
while, by the help of God, and by my travel and service, I made 
the said Sir Donnell so weak, that he was not able to leave his 
country nor to aid any of the Prince's enemies. 

Item. Sir Thomas Cusake, being Lord Justice, sent for the said 
Earl to serve against the Conors, being then in rebellion. I 
came to Athlone with 100 horsemen, 200 galloglasses, 100 shots, 
and 200 kearns, with six weeks' victuals, tarrying for the Lord 
Justice's answer. I camped there four nights, and at length his 
Lordship sent me word to retire back, for that he had taken order, 
truce with the Conors ; I thinking my time no better spent, hearing 
that one Shane M'Oliverus [Burke] was coming towards the plains 
of Connaught with a number of Scots, I marched towards them ; 
and the second day, being late towards night, I met with them 
at a mountain called Corsliebh, between M'Dermot's country and 
O'Conor Sligo's country, and there gave them the overthrow, and 
killed clivers Scots, and a number of his men besides ; and had it 
not been for the fall of the night, few of them had escaped. 

Item. The Earl of Sussex, being Lord Deputy, pursued the 

PREFACE. xlix 

Conors, and finding the Castle of Meelick to be a refuge for the said 
Conors, camped about the said castle and took it ; at which time I 
was with his Lordship, six score horsemen, 320 galloglasses, six 
score shots, with a number of kearns well appointed, if his Lord- 
ship had had need of my service. 

Item, When the Earl of Sussex had subdued the Conors and 
Mores, and brought them to submission, his Lordship being informed 
of Sir Donnell O'Brien's disobedience, who by force and usurpation 
kept the captainship of Thomond from the Earl of Thomond that 
now is, contrary to the Queen's Majesty's pleasure, set forth his 
journey towards Thomond, at which time sent for me, and I came 
unto his Lordship, through Thomond to Limerick, in the spite of all 
those that was my Prince's enemies there, with six score and twelve 
horsemen, three hundred galloglasses, six score shots, two hundred 
and fifty kearns, with six weeks' victuals, and remained there with 
his Lordship till he took all the castles in the country, and brought 
the country into submission, Sir Donnell forced to flee the country, 
and left the Earl that now is in possession thereof. 

Item. When the Earl of Sussex made a journey into Scotland, 
and leaving behind him Sir Harry Sydney, Lord Justice, at the 
which time the Earl of Argyle's cousins, named Donald and Dowell 
M'Alline [MacCallum], came out of Scotland with 1,200 fighting 
men, and was trained into Connaught by one Richard in lerryn 
[Burke], son to M'William, that then was ; and at their coming 
they burned and spoiled a number of the Queen's subjects, and 
specially the Lord Bermingham and Fitzmaurice. I hearing of this 
sudden chance did march towards them two days' journey, and the 
third day, being the first or Lady Day in harvest, I fought with 
them in a place in Connaught called Clwyneye, where by the good- 
ness of God I gave them the overthrow, and there killed both the 
Earl of Argyle's cousins, with the most part of all their company ; 
and I followed them four days, and had the killing of them every 
day, insomuch that very few did escape. 

Item. The Earl of Sussex being in service against Shane O'Neill, 
his Lordship sent for me, at which time I came to his Lordship 
with such force as I had, victualled for six weeks, as the said Earl 

Item. Another time the Earl of Sussex sent for me to serve 
against Shane O'Neill ; I came to his Lordship accompanied with a 
good company of horsemen, galloglasses, and shots, victualled, for 
six weeks, as his Lordship also knoweth. 



Item. When Shane O'Neill came through O'Donnell's country to 
O'Conor Sligo's country, being Her Majesty's subject, and there 
made great spoil, O'Conor sent unto me in post, I being in 
camp about a castle in Connaught called Dunmore, hearing that, 
brake up my camp and marched towards Shane O'Neill, at which 
time, after two days' marching, I came at the fall of the night 
within ten miles of him, where I camped that night ; he having 
spial of my coming brake up his camp upon Sunday, in the morning 
before day, and fled over the river of Drowes, by which mean I 
saved 0' Conor's country from being spoiled. 

Item. Sir Harry Sydney, being Lord Deputy, made a journey 
upon Shane O'Neill, at which time his Lordship's purpose was to 
go through O'Neill's and O'Donnell's country into Connaught, his 
Lordship sent one of his men unto me, named Kobert Damford, and 
willed me to meet his Lordship towards O'Donnell's country ; and 
I being willing to serve my Prince, as my duty was, set forth 
seven or eight* hundred men well appointed and victualled for six 
weeks, and came to Bundrowes, betwixt the country of Sligo and 
O'Donnell's country, being at the very mere which divideth the 
countries, and thereabouts camped more than twenty days, at which 
time Hugh O'Donnell, which is now O'Donnell, came unto me and 
did forsake Shane O'Neill, and carrying my letters with him to the 
Lord Deputy* received the said Hugh thankfully ; and ever since 
the said Hugh became an open enemy to the said Shane O'Neill. 

Item. Sir Harry Sydney being Lord Deputy, a stir was raised in 
Munster, and his Lordship coming to Munster to pacify these 
matters, sent for me to meet him at Limerick ; at which time I came 
with all the men and victuals that I was able to bring, and waited 
upon his Lordship all his journey from Limerick, through Thomond 
and Connaught, unto Athlone ; at which time his Lordship took 
Bermingham's castle from the enemies, and had Roscommon 
yielded unto him. 

Item. Sir Edward Fiton, coming as Lord President into Con- 
naught, taking the government of those countries upon him, went 
to keep sessions into Thomond, some falling out happened between 
the Earl of Thomond and his Lordship, at which time I offered 
unto him my service, and gave him the best counsel I could, as I 
take God and himself and Master Justice Rokeby to witness, which 
was done in his company. 



Item. Sir Edward Fiton, then Lord President of Connaught, 
making a journey upon one Morrough Ne Doe [O'Flaherty] in 
Connaught, which was then a rebel, I did not only wait upon his 
Lordship with so many men as I could bring into the field, but 
also with my help and force brought his Lordship from thence, else 
he had hardly escaped the hands of his enemies, as himself knoweth. 

Item. Sir Edward Fiton, being Lord President of Connaught, 
did camp about Srwerr,* at which time I waited upon him with 
fifty horsemen, and above 200 galloglasses, three score shots with a 
number of kearns, where his Lordship was fought withal by the 
Scots. I did not only aid him at that time, but also did amend 
the breaches of that castle, and kept it to the Queen's Majesty's 
use, with mine own men at mine own charges, so long as it pleased 
the said President to give me charge thereof. 

Item. Upon Michaelmas eve was a twelvemonth next following 
that battle, I went with mine own company into that country, 
and caused my horsemen to break the foray in the morning to 
destroy the country, at which time my horsemen were met withal 
by certain of M'William's and their Scots and galloglasses. My 
horsemen were skirmished withal, and by the help of God myself 
coming to the rescue did give them the overthrow, and slew 200 of 
the Scots and galloglasses, shots and kearns, besides certain of their 

Item. When that was ended, I sent my letters in all haste to my 
Lord President, to show his Lordship the weakness of the country, 
desiring him to come in all haste into the country ; his Lordship 
came the next Hallo wtide (1st November) after, and then I did 
wait upon his Lordship until he had taken and won a great number 
of the castles of that country, and took many pledges, and burned 
and spoiled many of the Queen's enemies. And this I did upon 
mine own charges, as I did at all other times. 

Item. Sir Edward Fiton being Lord President of Connaught, 
when that my sons fell at some square, his Lordship took me 
prisoner and brought me to Dublin, where I was kept in the castle 
and city half a year and more, until it pleased Her Majesty to 
direct Her letters for my enlargement ; and after being at liberty, 
I did within one twelve months hang my own son, my brother's 
son, my cousin-german's son, and one of the captains of my gallo- 
glasses, besides fifty of my own followers that bare armour and 

* Shrule, in the barony of Kilmain, co. Mayo. 

d 2 


weapon, which the Archbishop of Tuam, the Bishop of Clonfert, 
and the whole corporation of the town of Galway may witness. 

Thus having laid before your Lordship for proof of my truth 
some part of my service, I remain at this present as ready to serve 
Her Majesty, where it shall please Her or your Honours (of the 
Privy Council) to direct, as mine accusers, or any subject Her 
Highness hath. 

Indorsed by Burghley : 8 Martii, 1578. " The Erie of Clanry-. 
" carde's declaration of sondry his services, from the 3 yere of King 
" Edward." 

A nice little summary indicative of the state of the 

The next document we notice is a letter from Clanrycard 
to the Queen.* 
Most dear, dread, and gracious Sovereign Lady, 

WHEKEAS to my exceeding grief I do understand, that it is 
conceived that I have, contrary to my duty of allegiance, procured 
and advised my unfortunate sons to proceed in their lewd attempts 
against your Highness' subjects, and practised with strangers and 
foreigners to invade, levy arms, and rebel against you and your 
crown, royal of your realm of Ireland, I thought it my duty, with 
your Majesty's pardon, hereby to declare mine innocency, pro- 
testing before God that as I have in my heart honoured, esteemed, 
and loved your Majesty's own person above all things in the world, 
and sought in all matters to serve your Majesty with all the force 
I could make, and have rejoiced more in the hope of your good 
favour than in any other worldly thing, so did I never in my life 
advise, consent, nor practise, or think to practise, against your 
most Excellent Majesty or your crown royal of that realm, neither 
can mine own conscience accuse me with so much as one thought 



How faithfully I have always served your Majesty all my life- 
time, I refer to the report of your Governors and others, that have 
been acquainted with my proceedings and the state of that realm, 
and have used mine assistance in your Majesty's service ; and 
what grief it is to me to have your Highness otherwise informed, 
no man knoweth better than mine own heart. 

But if any persons meaning to work my discredit, and to bring 

* P. 162, No. 5. 

PREFACE. liii 

me within the compass of your Highness' displeasure, have by 
search of old laws and statutes which were out of use, and to me 
unknown, enforced any other matters whereby I might be charged 
with the breach of some laws, being such as myself or any other 
dwelling within that realm might by negligence or ignorance fall 
into, in that case I refer me therein to your Majesty's most gracious 
consideration, clemency, and mercy. 

And for the other points which may touch me in deed, word, or 
thought, in disloyalty to your person or crown royal, I will not 
crave your Majesty's favour nor mercy, but would avow my truth 
and innocency against mine accusers, and will defend the same by 
order of your Majesty's laws, and by the spending of my blood any 
way, so long as God shall give me leave. 

Myself, my life, my state, and all I have I leave to your Majesty's 
good and most gracious consideration, as to my dear Sovereign, 
upon whom I have ever wholly and only depended, and will serve 
most faithfully to my life's end, without respect of matter or person. 
And so most humbly upon my knees craving your Highness' pardon 
for these my rude lines, I commit your most Excellent Majesty to 
the tuition of Almighty God, whom I earnestly pray from the 
bottom of my heart, to send you as many happy years with as 
prosperous reign as ever King or Queen had, to the comfort of all 
us your faithful subjects. 

Your Majesty's most humble, faithful, and obedient subject and 
servant till death, 


Addressed : To the Queen's most Excellent Majesty. 

Indorsed: 10th March 1578. To Her Majesty from the Earl of 

We will now contemplate in the following extract* a 
scene where the native Irish are described with much care. 
The impression they may have made on the minds of dis- 
tinguished foreigners is playfully canvassed. 

On the 26th of June the Lord Justice Drury wrote to 
Walsyngham: "But the second day after my coming 
" thither word came to me that certain strangers, nohle- 
" men of good houses, were come to Dublin, having 
" purpose to come presently to me with commendation 

* P. 171, No. 12. 


" from some of Her Majesty's Privy Council to be 
courteously entertained here as travellers, which when I 
heard I both sent, a young gentleman called Patrick 
Barnwell, son-in-law to the said Sir Lucas (Dillon), who 
had himself been a traveller, to entertain them, and 

convey them to me." "All this being per- 

" fected, and proclamation made for certain orders from 
" henceforth to be observed upon those borders, .... I 
11 retired myself, for the better entertainment of the said 
" strangers, to Sir Lucas Dillon's house, seven miles from 
" Kells, and there on < Whitson Sondaie ' in the morning 
" they presented themselves unto me, with letters of com- 
mendations from Sir Henry Sydney, declaring them to be 
" two barons, and one a rich merchant's son of Strasburgh, 
" but themselves requiring passport from me entitled 
" their names to be all three barons, viz., Christopher 
" Tevell, Baron of Gonderstdorff, George Androas, of 
" Hoffekerch, Baron of Kolmennyche, and Adam Pesse, 
" Baron of Kolyn, to whom I gave such honour and 
" entertainment as was fit for such personages, coming in 
" a convenient show, with a train of six followers ; and 
" upon talk with them they disclosed their purpose to be, 
" after they had seen Galway, Limerick, and some other 
" port towns of this land, that they would pass into 
" Scotland, whereupon I told them, if in the beginning of 
" July they made their return to Dublin, they might 
" possibly have company of me, and some part of the 
" Queen's forces, into the north of Ireland, and see within 
" the view of Scotland. But, sir, though I see no great 
" cause of jealousy in respect of their youths, yet whether 
" any of their company have a further intention or deeper 
" consideration, it cannot be amiss to doubt, and therefore 
" do pray your Honour, if you have heard or understand 
" any part of their coming, or the cause, that it may please 


" you to advertise me the same, with all circumstances, 
" and what course you think fit for me to hold therein. 
" And having thus parted from them on ' "Whitson Sondaie,' 
" after supper, and lodged them at Trim, a mile off, in 
" Lawrence Hammond's house, sending the said Patrick 
" Barnwell with them as a companion; they came 
" again the next morning, and being with me at service 
" in the church, O'Heilly, with his brother Philip, and his 
" uncle Edmund, and thirty horsemen well furnished, came 
" unlooked for to present unto me a submission and 
" supplication, in the behalf as well of himself as of his 
" whole country ; the copy whereof at large I have also 
" sent unto the said Lodowick Bryskett, to show unto 
" your Honour, wherein when I found such humility, and 
" continuance of the fidelity which he hath of long time 
" professed and in his own person performed, together 
" with his conformity appearing therein, at this time 
" (which by report he hath been moved to before, and 
" refused,) to have his people not only framed to English 
" manners, but also his country made shire ground, 
" and subject to law under Her Majesty's writ, weighing 
" also his gravity in years, and good discretion in govern- 
" ment, I thought it good to honour him with the title of 
" knighthood, which he so humbly and thankfully received, 
" as he vowed himself to continue and increase, by all 
" means he could, his duty and obedience unto Her Majesty. 
" But how strange the view of those savage personages 
" (most of them wearing glibbs, and armed in mail, with 
" * pesantses and skulls, and riding upon pillions,') seemed 
" to our strangers I leave to your wisdom to think of. 
" And so myself and the train, together with these 
" strangers, and O'B/eilly with his company, being enter- 
" tained with the said Sir Lucas [Dillon], we parted. I 
" then took my way to Mullingar." 


This letter* of Desmond to the Lord Justice Drary is 
deserving of a place among the papers of the Minister 
rebellion : 

My honourable good Lord, My humble duty remembered unto 
your honourable Lordship. It may please the same to be adver- 
tised that this evening, about 8 of the clock, I received a letter 
from the portreeve and brethren of the town of Dingle, wherein 
they signified unto me that the 17th of this month there arrived 
in the haven of Dingle, six Spanish ships, both great and small, and 
that by divers conjectures they suspected them to be appertaining 
to the traitor James Fitzmaurice, as by a copy of the said letter, 
which I do send you here enclosed, your Lordship shall more at 
large understand ; which according to my bounden duty I thought 
good to signify unto your Honour, to the end that if these news 
fall out to be true, your Lordship may be in a readiness to prevent 
the traitorous attempts of the said James, and withal to signify 
unto me your pleasure herein. In the meantime, if need shall 
require, I am ready, with all mine, to venture both my life and 
theirs in Her Majesty's quarrel, wishing your Lordship to send me 
your direction herein in all haste. I have written hereof to the 
mayors of Cork and Limerick, and to the rest in authority here, to 
the end that they may be the better on their keeping, and to 
prepare to expel the traitor. 

And so committing you to God, I end. 

From Cullen, the 19th of July 1579. 

Your honourable Lordship's to command, 


My Lord, send me your advice with all expedition. 

Addressed : To the Right Honourable my singular good Lord 
Sir William Drury, Knight, Lord Justice and Governor of Ireland. 
Give these in haste. Haste. 

Indorsed: From the Earl of Desmond, of the 19th of July; 
received the 21th of the same. 

On the 16th of September 1579f Lord Chancellor 
Gerrarde wrote to "Walsyngham : 

I have had the examination of some whom James Fitzmaurice 
took upon the seas, and were in his company in the fort. The 

P. 173, No. 40, i. f P. 187, No. 31. 


cruelty of that Saunders they much complain of, who altogether 
seeketh the sucking of English blood. Three or four masses he 
saith them daily, and when the traitor John Desmond saw James 
Fitzmaurice slain, he forthwith murdered three or four good 
masters and pilots as any were in Chester, the remain of those 
who were in the fort as prisoners. 

At this time the Spaniards stayed our ships in their 

On the 12th of January* 1579-80 Wallop wrote to 
Walsingham as follows : 

S r , Though, synce my laste sent by Burton, my man, who 
departyd the x* h off this moneth at nyght, no thynge ys happened 
here worthe thadvertysment other then certayne letters off the 5 th 
off this moneth yesterday resevyd, thone fr5 Captayne Cace, who 
lyeth at Gallway, thother frd Jho Gowld, off Lymeryck, theffects 
whereof I have thowght good to sygnefye to yo r Honor. Captayne 
Cace wryteth, that the second off this moneth there aryved at 
Gallwaye a barke off Plymowth that came fro Spayne with wynes, 
who reported that when he was redye to come away, goying a land 
for some thing he lacked, he rnette with an Englysh marchant 
maryed ther, that wylled him to be goyng as soone as he myght, 
for that all Englysh shyppes should be stayd, and that the Kynges 
offycers were takyng the names off all the shyppes, whereupon he 
retorned to the sea and hoysed his sayles and came away. As he 
wryteth the 5 th off this moneth aryved an other bark att Gallway, 
who affyrmyd for certayne that ow r shyppes were there stayde, 
and that he saw there sayles taken away. Mr. Cace mentyoneth 
not frd what ports the barks came. Yff this be trywe they have 
done but there dywtyes to report yt, but yff otherwayse they geve 
yt to sell there wynes the derer, makyng men belyve no more ys 
lyke to come, they deserve punyshment. 

The foresayd barks also report that the Kyng of Spayne hath a 
very grete navy off shyppes and galles in a redynes at S* 
Mary Port, the nomber off soldyers and maryners 25,000, and that 
all vyctuall that may be gotten ys taken for the furnyture off those 
shyppes, and also that they saw there a verye grete number off 
felde peces, but bother they appoynt to go they could not lerne. 

One shyppe off Spayne ys in Waterford haven, w ch my 1. justyce 

* P. 206, No. 19. 


hath sent to stay untyll the certaynete may be knowen. Gowlde's 
letter as yt ys, I sende yo r Honor the copy, w* howe yt agreth 
^ 'a letter showed by 200 towchyng the 1. of Lixnow, wch ys 
othewayse cauled 1. Fitzmoryce, whereoff I have advertysed you 
I leave you to deserne. We have wrytten a letter to the Counsell 
in the behalfe off Mr. George Coole, sone and heyre to S Henry 
Coole who amongst others was discharged off his pentyon off 
iiis iind per diem, beyng granted syne June, before w* tyme he had 
iiB per diem as a corporall in the cainpe, where he was contynually 
well fornyshed and well horsed, a tauU, towardly gentyhnan ; that 
yt may please there Honors to have some consideratyon off him, 
I beseche yo r Honor to be a medyator. The gentylman ys well 
geven in relygeon, honest, and towardly, and more hope off him 
then off any that I see borne here. He maryed the Archbyshoppe's 
dawghter. His father duryng his lyffe havyng in his owld dayes 
maryed a yonge woman of this contry, departyth with ly ttell to him. 
And so most humbly I take my leave off yo r Honor. 
Dublyn, this xii th of January 1579. 

Yo r most bounden, 


On the 5th. of April 1580,* before these terrible wars 
commenced, the Lord Justice Pelham wrote to Walsyng- 
ham on the beauty and pleasantness of the Shannon, and 
its commodity, if the land were blessed with good people, 
and yet these of Munster are the most docile and reform- 
able of all other. 

On the 8th of April 1580f Sir Nicholas Malbie wrote 
to Burghley that it was so natural to the Irish to leave 
their duties, that neither opportunity will move them to 
forbear, nor any good dealing hold them from starting 
out. At the same time he sent to Sir P. WalsynghamJ, 

A discourse of Sir Nicholas Malbie's service and proceedings in the 

province of Connaught and Thomond, since the time of his 

discharge from the service in Munster unto the 8th of April 


When I was appointed Lieutenant of Her Majesty's forces in 

Munster by Sir William Drury, Knight, late Lord Justice of this 

* P. 215, No. 33. t p - 216 > No. 38. $ P. 216, No. 39. 


realm, the Earl of Desmond, his brethren and chief counsellors 
(now proclaimed rebels), Doubting I should have the like success 
against them in Munster, as I had before against the rebels in 
Connaught, not only practised by all the devices and ways they 
could, by letters and messengers, to kindle fire in my charge, to 
withdraw me out of Munster, but also the said Earl, before his 
revolt and proclaiming, told plainly to the Baron of Upper Ossory 
that he would stir coals against me in Connaught, and procure me 
as many enemies within that province as he could, supposing (if I 
were displaced) they might prevail much the better against any 
other, and that Connaught being disquieted they might have the 
more prosperous success against Her Majesty in Munster, per- 
suading themselves that both provinces being in hostility at one 
time the State had been much the weaker, and as it were, not able 
to resist them at once. 

Holding this unadvised opinion, the said Earl and Doctor 
Saunders* addressed their letters to M' William, to TJllyke, and John 
Boork, sons to the Earl of Clanrycard, to Richard In yeren Boork, 
next in authority to M'William in the country under him, to the 
Clandonells and M'Swynes, the principal septs of Galloglass in that 
province, and divers others, to persuade them, and win them to 
raise their forces and enter into open rebellion, with promise of 
present aid from Spain and other countries to assist them in this 
holy enterprize (so termed by Doctor Saunders), for maintenance 
of the Catholic faith and liberty of their country. 

Howsoever these letters and messages were accepted or liked, 
whether for zeal of duty or fear of just punishment, scarce any 
man would acknowledge to be partaker of the matter, and some, to 
clear themselves and for avoiding of suspicion, sent unto me both 
the letters and messengers, so as in effect all men seemed to detest 
and abhor the Earl of Desmond and his doings, 

Save Richard In yeren, who, dwelling in a remote place near the 
sea in the nortn-west, environed with woods, bogs, and mountains, 
where (to any man's memory) no English governor hath been at 
any time, thought his country so strong as that no Englishman 
would ever attempt to enter the same, and being thereby 
encouraged, persuaded the Clandonells in the county of Mayo to 
join with him in rebellion against the State, whereby the English 

* See a letter of Sanders printed in Ellis's Original Letters, Second 
Series, vol. iii. pp. 92-97. 


forces might not be employed in Munster only, but also in 
Connaught in like manner, for the better encouragement of the 
Earl of Desmond and his adherents. These Clandonells were 
accounted always an invincible people, and the most strongest sept 
of Galloglass in Ireland, and the only men of force in Connaught. 

Kichard In yeren, having thus won the Clandonells, joined unto 
him also the O'Mayles, Clangibbons, Ullyke Boorks sept, and 
certain of the O'Flaherties, whereby he thought himself very 

He sent also into Scotland to persuade the Out-Isles to send him 
aid, to whom he promised large entertainment, but the Scots, loth 
to venture themselves where aid of soldiers was to be looked for, 
would not answer him nor satisfy his expectation. Albeit he had 
gathered for him about a hundred bows in the province of Ulster, 
which he caused to be brought into Connaught to increase his 

And having assembled his power, marched towards the county 
of Galway and spoiled the Baron of Athenry's countries and certain 
of the Kellys. Afterwards he entered the M'Dermots' country of 
Moyloirge, in the county of Roscommon, with a thousand men and 
burned, spoiled, and preyed the same. In the meanwhile I was 
discharged from the affairs of Munster, and, returning to mine own 
charge, conveyed Sir William Pelham, now Lord Justice, through 
Connaught till he came to Athlone, and for divers causes touching 
Her Majesty's service accompanied his Lordship to Dublin, where 
having continued about sixteen days, I returned home, and then, 
considering that Richard In yeren could have no aid of Scots 
out of Ulster but through the county of Sligo, I sent for O'Conor 
Sligo to come to me, and wrote to Orwairk straightly charging 
him to suffer no Scots to pass out of Ulster through his country, 
either to the said Richard or any other in Connaught. O'Conor 
Sligo, upon receipt of my letters, came to Athlone at the day 
appointed, at which time I took order with him as well for keeping 
out of the Scots and quiet of that country, as also compounded 
with him for payment of 350?. sterling, in satisfaction and for the 
arrearages of such rent as hath been to Her Majesty, due upon his 
country since the said O'Conor was in England. Orwairke also 
receiving my letters, not only fortified the straits of his country 
against the entry of Scots, but also, upon the return home of 
O'Conor, joined with him to banish that nation out of their 
confines, whereupon they both left not one Scot in those parts, and 
served valiantly against them. 


Having taken this order for the good quiet of the county of 
Sligo, I assembled my associates joined with me in commission, and 
taking advice what was best to be done concerning Richard 
In yeren and his attempts, I concluded to set forth against him 
myself with two bands of footmen which were left in the province, 
and for that journey to spare the rising out of the country. 

And forasmuch as I would not put Her Majesty to any charges, 
and that I thought it meet that the maintainers and authors of 
that rebellion should bear some part of the burthen for sup- 
pressing of the same, I entertained 100 horsemen and 400 footmen, 
and appointed them to have their pay upon the said Richard 
In yeren's country and upon his adherents, without any charges to 
Her Majesty till the war were suppressed and ended, and the 
country reduced to quietness and obedience ; over whom I 
appointed certain leaders and captains, such as have been trained 
and brought up in doing of Her Majesty's service a long time ; of 
these forces there was 100 Englishmen and others of the Pale 
which served in bands before. 

In the meantime I was written for by the Lord Justice to repair 
to Dublin, to consult touching the expedition into Munster and 
other matters of the State, where I remained three weeks. After 
my return home I appointed the said forces and the two bands of 
soldiers to set forth according to the former determination, the 6th 
of February, at which day I departed from Athlone and came to 
Ballanesloe, where I rested that day and the next day. 

At this place I caused six notable malefactors to be hanged by 
martial law. 

The 8th of February I removed from thence to Athenry, where 
I caused one William M'Teig, a notable malefactor, to be executed 
by martial law. This day I sent the captains of the said forces 
entertained by me to take Richard In yeren's prey before my 
coming to the country, and rested myself at Athenry the 9th of 
this month. The 10th of the same I came to Clare, and at after- 
noon the same day Ullyke and John Boork, sons to the Earl of 
Clanricard, came to me complaining one against another of divers 
matters, and for that I had no opportunity to end their contro- 
versies till I had returned from my journey, I took order betwixt 
them for observation of the peace till the matter were finished 
according to justice ; at which day and place Captain Casse came 
to me from Galway with his company. 

The llth of February I came to Srwher, where the Archbishop 
of Tuam and the Baron of Athenry came to me, who both accom- 


panied me all this journey forward. The 12th I removed to 
Lyskelyhym, where Thomas Roe Boork and Owstyon M'Donell, 
two of Richard Inyeren's chief confederates, came to me without 
protection and submitted themselves. 

Also one William Mosten, one of my horsemen, and twelve more 
of mine own company, this day entered into M'DonelTs country 
and took from him a prey of 200 kine, which they brought to the 
camp for victualling of the company. The 13th I removed from 
Lyskelyhin to M'DonelTs castle, called Cloynin ; I caused the 
castle to be sapped by masons which I brought forth for that 
purpose, and, the castle being ready to be overthrown, M'DonelFs 
friends entreated that he might be received to favour, and at 
their request, I was content to speak with him, after which 
conference, the said M'Donell delivered one of his sons to my hands 
as a pledge for his good behaviour, and observation of the peace 
for himself and his sept, and for satisfying of all former hurts and 
spoils by him and his men committed upon, all or any of Her 
Majesty's subjects, and to restore unto them by my order, all such 
goods and cattle as they took from them, whereby all the gallo- 
glass of the Ciandonells were plucked from Richard In yeren. 
After this conclusion I rested the next day, being the 14th of 
February, at M'Donell's castle. 

The 15th I removed to the fields near Ballyntober, where 
M' William and his men, with the chief gentlemen of the country, 
came to me and joined their forces with my company. 

This day the forces which I have entertained . took the strong 
castle of Dwnemene from Shane M'Hubert, called parson of the 
same, chief counsellor to Richard In yeren, and put the ward, 
both men, women, and children, to the sword, whereupon all the 
other castles in the enemy's country were given up without any 

The 16th I removed to Ballynknwyk, whither Grany-ny- 
Mayle and certain of her kinsmen came to me. 

The 17th of February I removed to Buresowle, an abbey 
standing very pleasant upon a river side, within three miles from 
the sea, where a ship of 500 tons may lie at anchor at low water. 
It hath goodly and a large lough on the upper part of the river, 
full of great timber, grey marble, and many other commodities of 
all sides, not without great store of good ground, both arable land 
and pasture. Specially it hath a very plentiful iron mine and 
abundance of wood every way. Towards the sea-coast there lieth 
many fair islands rich and plentiful of all commodities; there 


cometh thither every year likely, about fifty English ships for 
fishing ; they have been before this time compelled to pay a great 
tribute to the O'Maylles, which I have forbidden hereafter till Her 
Majesty's pleasure be known. It is accounted, one of the best 
fishing places in Ireland for salmon, herring, and all kind of sea- 
fish. Richard In yeren, considering that the Clandonells forsook 
him, and that he was narrowly prosecuted by me and my 
companies on all parts of the country, being not able to keep the 
field nor make any other resistance, abandoned the country, and fled 
into the islands with his Scots and some gentlemen of his retinue. 

This day I took order that the abbey of Buresowle aforesaid 
should be fortified and strengthened, and that all the castles of the 
country standing upon straits, should be warded and kept for Her 
Majesty, and that a captain with 100 men should lie in garrison 
at Buresowle Abbey, and all this to be done without any charges 
to Her Majesty. M' William also, and his brother Richard 
M'Olyverus Boork and the chief gentlemen of the country, having 
considered the great benefit and commodity which might grow to 
the whole country, if a walled town were built and erected at 
Bures, made humble request unto me to be a mean for them to 
Her Majesty for the building of a town there, as by their petition 
exhibited unto me doth appear, and M'William not only promised 
that his country should contribute to the same, but also made gift 
to Her Highness of seventeen quarters of land joining to it. 
I promised to move the matter, and would take no knowledge 
upon me that I had any order for it before from Her Majesty, 
because I would have it come of themselves. 

The 18th Richard In yeren sent unto me to receive him to 
favour, and that he would pat in his pledge and abide my order 
in all things, whereupon I appointed the Baron of Athenry to go 
and speak with him, who found him very reasonable, and both 
sorry for that he hath done, and willing to make the best amends 
he could, so as upon his report I was content he should come and 
speak with me, but the wind blew so great as in six days he could 
not come out of the islands, during which time he sustained great 
misery by hunger and cold, whereby 100 of his people were 
dead and starved within the islands. 

This day the forces which I entertained took a great prey out 
of the Owles from the O'Malles and Clangibbons, whereupon they 
came to me immediately and submitted themselves. The 19th I 
sent a certain number of men to the isles of Akjlle for boats to set 


upon the islands, but tho . tempest was so great as they could do 


And for that Richard In yereii's chief confederates forsook him, 
and were at my commandment, and that he himself was to come 
to me, I thought good to return home, leaving a sufficient force in 
the country to withstand all attempts. I left order with the 
Captain of Bures to take and receive Richard's pledge in my 
absence, being provoked the rather to return, for that the Lord 
Justice commanded me to conduct Mr. Treasurer and the treasure 
through Connaught to Limerick, and meet him there, about the 
beginning of March. 

And so leaving the country in meetly good quiet, and having 
thoroughly suppressed the said rebellion, I departed Buresowle 
the 20th of February and came homeward. This day the storm 
and tempest was so great, and the snow fallen in such abundance, 
as scarce any soldier could travel, the vehemence whereof drew 
swine, sheep, lambs, and other small cattle from the woods to the 
camp for succour against the weather, which greatly refreshed us, 
being in some want of victuals a day or two before. 

And so we marched homewards ; by the way, at a place called 
Tobber Kewgh, I received letters from Mr. Treasurer to hasten to 
Athlone for his conducting to my Lord Justice in Munster. The 
24th of February I came to Gal way and rested two days, as well 
for sending of provision to the ward of Bures by sea, as also to take 
order in some matters of the town, which being ended I departed 
towards Athlone, where Mr. Treasurer and myself came both upon 
Saturday, being the 27th of February, where we remained five 
days to refresh our horses. 

Upon Thursday the 3rd of March we departed from Athlone, 
and by easy journeys came to Limerick, the 7th of the same to 
the Lord Justice, where I remained till his Lordship departed, and 
four days after to bear Mr. Treasurer company, being ill at ease. 

The 18th of March I departed from Limerick and lay that night 
at Qwyne, where I received letters from Richard In yeren of his 
humble submission to Her Majesty by the captain of the ward of 
Buresowle, by whose report and declaration I understand the said 
Richard and the chief gentlemen which depended of him, delivered 
to the said captain's hands their best pledges for observation of Her 
Majesty's peace, and satisfying of all hurts by them formerly 
committed, and that all that country which before was up in 
actual rebellion was now thoroughly quieted. From Qwyne I 


departed along the Shannon side, holding my course as near as I 
could over against where the Lord Justice marched with the army 
on the other side, till I came to the island of Inysheskathie, against 
the castle of Carigephoill, this side, and continued there till the 
castle was won. During the siege I came divers times to the 
camp, and was ready at all times to answer my Lord upon all 

After that Carigephoyll was won I removed to Croberighane, 
a castle in Thomond, upon the Shannon side, right over against 
Askettin, where I remained till it was " lefte up," and then receiv- 
ing advertisement from my Lord Justice I returned to Limerick by 
water, where I found his Lordship before me. 

In the journey against Richard In yeren, I discovered the nest of 
those O'Flaherties which were with James Fitzmaurice after his 
arrival, and returning home I apprehended two of them, whereof 
one, being a kerne, was executed by martial law ; the other, being 
a man of living, is in gaol till he be justified and tried by the 
common law ; a third lost his head because, being discovered, he 
would not yield himself, but made resistance, and am in very good 
hope to apprehend the rest, and see them put to execution for 

example to all others. 


Indorsed: Sir Nicholas Malbie's discourse of his service in 
Connaught and Thomond, from the time of his discharge in Munster 
to the 7th of April 1580. 

The following brief letter of Captain Zouche paints 
characteristically the difficulties of Irish warfare, being 
great journeys without victual, which breeds great sick- 

Itt may plese your Honor too vouchsafe my scriblings, the 
which I euse as a menes too remember your Honor how muche I 
desyer too be held in your good grace, and my desertes were as 
worthy as my desyer is greatt, I perswad myselfe itt could nott 
butt increase, as I humbly crave itt maye. 

From the beginning of my Lord Justese's journey, which began 
on Srofte Monday, untill this day, which is the 7th of Aprill, we 
have had no rest nor muche fight, thatt which we have had, we 
ever had the better, thankes be too God. My Lord of Ormuntt 

* P. 217, No. 41. 


deparfceing with my Lord Justes wentt too Corke, and from thence 
thowrow my Lord Barrie's country, and intoo the Greatt Wode, in 
which place the enimy did too or thre times appere too us, smaly 
too his comfortte, yett the foutte with us bothe in the vowward and 
the rereward and lost on bothe syeds, my Lord of Ormuntt was in 
the rereward, and my horsemen in the vowward. Thatt daye we 
had the killing off sum off them, butt nott off so many as iff the 
ground had served we shuld have had. Itt was uppon a greatt 
boge betwixt too woddes and in a gratt pase which the had plassed 
before, thatt day did discourage them so muche as sence, we never 
saw any off them butt in castelles. My Lord off Ormuntt meteing 
my Lord Justes att Rekele, where we had a ward in a castell uppon 
a brige, and kepte the passage, theye joyned both there campes 
toogether, and went towardes Kerry, the ordenance and the victualles 
nott being come abowght, the passed bothe toogether the mountein 
off Slilower, and cam too Treelye, where my Lord Justes had an 
intention too have lefte a garryson, butt vitualles faling he could 
nott ; butt hering off the shippes too be past, returned too Carega- 
foyle, and sentt my Lord off Ormuntt too vitell Bellemarter, and too 
speake with Macarty Moore, in wose country we were three dayes 
without meatt or dring, and returned agayne withoutt seing off the 
Erie, or any from him. From thence my Lord off Ormuntt wentt 
too my Lord Justes to Cargafoyle. 

The battry there lasted a deay, and a littell in the morning, it 
being mad salteable, the mad no defence off fyght, butt the howse 
being entered the yeldid, and sum sowght too swime awey, butt 
there scaped nott on, nether off man, woman, nor child. 

There was in itt a xvi. Spaniards, on Ingliseman, and v. Irishe, 
besyedes women and childeren ; the Spaniardes never showed 
themselves too be soldiares, for the never mad any kind off fight 
that a soldiar myght commend. Att a svthine [sudden] the stalle 
away by nyght, and sett fier on the howse, butt spoyled itt nott so 
muche butt thatt the have lefte convenientt roome for the garryson 
wich is there, Mr. Tresurer's company, and Sir Peter Carowe's and 
in the owythoroe by Captayne Gor Carowe's and Hollingeworth's. 

Thes plase is most fittest too anoy the enymy, itt liethe so in his 
walk betwixte Connilowe and Kerry. I thinke my Lord off 
Ormuntt shall gooe too the Dingle, and so from place too place in 

There is more, garryson lefte att Adare, by wich menes I hope 
your Honor shall here off a short dispatche off thes rebbels. 


Suerly the waiTes here is most paynefull, in respecte thatt off 
forse we must make greatt and longe jornes without vituall, by 
which menes we have gratt sicnesses, and dow whatt we canne, we 
shall never fight with them, unlesse the have a will to fight with us. 
I might wright more at large too your Honor off thes place, butt 
that I know itt is better sett out to you then I can any way discribe 
itt, wherefore I will sese trowbling off your Honor, humbly be- 
seeching the Almighty to blesse you in all your actiones, I most 
humbly take my leve. Limbricke, the 8th off Aprill 1580. 

Your Honor's most humbly too be commanded, 


Addressed : To the Right Honorable Sir Frances Walsinggam, 
[Pri]nsipall Secretary to Her [Ma]jesty, and on of Her [High]nes 
most Honorable Privie Counsell att the Courtt, Endorsed : 8 April 
1580, rec. the 24. From Mr. John Zouche. 

Here the sentence, " There escaped not one, neither of 
" man, woman, nor child," marks a very harsh state of 

The following extract * of an advertisement from James 
Golde and Thomas Arthure to Treasurer Wallop, will 
show how fearfully the wreck of war was wrought in the 

Sir George Bourchier is returning, having burnt a'great part of 
Kerry, .... he divided his company into two bodies, the one 
marched on the south side of Sliev Mish, and the other on the north, 
and so burnt on both sides the mountain, from the Island [of Kerry] 
unto Dingle [Gush], which is twenty-eight miles long. He had the 
Countess of Desmond in chase two miles, and missing herself took 
a gr,eat prey of 300 kine from her. 

"We come now to the taking of the fort at Smerwick by 
Lord Grey, and the slaughter of the Spaniards and Italians 
who were in it. This was an act much canvassed through- 
out the remainder of Queen Elizabeth's reign, and may be 
questioned at the present time. It will be well, therefore, 
to hear the accounts of it given at the time, and some, of 

* P. 254, No. 51. i. 

e 2 


the comments which were afterwards written, and to 
compare them with what was done in other countries then 

and even since. 

Extract* from the " occurrents," or news letter, sent 
from the Lord Deputy out of the west of Ireland to Wal- 

During which time my Lord [Grey] in person, Mr. Zouche, and 
other attending him took view of the forts, and came within six 
score paces of the " rampier." There was discharged out of the 
forts above 600 shot that afternoon, great and small, and no man 
touched on our side (God be praised), saving that a bullet from the 
fort after grazing, touched Captain Zouche on the leg, and brake no 
skin, and of the enemies, three slain of their best soldiers. That 
night two pieces of ordnance was landed and mounted, and a trench 
made by the soldiers and mariners, and on the morrow played all 
the day at the forts, and they likewise at us, besides skirmishing 
between them and our soldiers, and no man of our part hurt, but of 
them, nine of their chiefest soldiers and one captain were slain 
with two shot of our ordnance, and the night after, with a rolling 
trench, we came within six score of the fort, and on the morrow 
after, certain of our shot were placed in the same trench, where Mr. 
Cheke showing himself, was shot in the head with a bullet, and is 
in great danger of death. 

At our first coming they advanced four ensigns and the Pope's 
banner in the midst of the inner fort, which on the 8th day they 
took down, and did set up two other, one all white and another 
all black, which was for a token devised' between the Earl [of 
Desmond] and them, the meaning whereof was, that if they found 
themselves weak and unable to keep the forts, then the Earl and 
John [of Desmond] promised to be on the mountains by, with 
4,000 men, and upon sight thei-eof come down with their forces and 
remove our siege, but in conclusion they never showed themselves ; 
upon which the morrow after, the black flag was taken down, and 
the white left standing, which they waved towards us, making 
an offer to parley, upon intelligence whereof given to my Lord 
[Grey] his Honour sent Captain Zouche and Captain Mackworth 
unto them, by whom they sent from the fort one of their chiefest 

* P. 267, No. 27. See also P. 272, No. 67. 


men, called Alexander, their camp master, and one Plunkett, born 
near to Drogheda. 

Another extract : 

There was found in the forts good store of money, and a great 
quantity of biscuit, bacon, oil, fish, rice, beans, peas, barley, being 
by computation victuals for their company for half a year. There 
was also found armour, murrions, calivers, muskets, pikes, swords, 
flasks, harquebusses of croke, powder, shot, barrels of bullets, and 
other kind of furniture, to serve 3,000 men, and sundry tools for 
men of all occupations. 

On the 12th of November 1580 * Lord Grey wrote to the 


The 7th of this date I planted camp before the fort at 
Smerwick. Three causes hindered greatly my march ; provi- 
sion of victual, rising of waters, which very hardly, and with 
no small danger we passed, and lastly staying for the fleet, of 
which for many d[ays] space we could have no voice of, and 
without which the enterprise had been [in] vain, no possibility 
being to draw any ordnance with us, neither hav .... 
any shipping for such conveyance by sea ; at the last, word came 
that . . . Captain Byngham in the " Swiftsure " was arrived, 
and had anchored bef [ore] the fort. I then moved camp, and being 
come within eight miles of the fort . . . took my horsemen 
and rode to the haven, to have talk with the said Captain, and learn 
what was become of the Admiral and the rest. I found . . 
by him that storm had parted them, and that after, he had never 
heard of them, but had well hoped to have met them there ; entering 
then into advice for the environing of the place, before the rest 
came, we found . . ourselves altogether unable, having neither 
pioneers' tools (a ship of Lim[erick] therewith and victuals laden 
not yet come about), nor his ship altogether able to supply the 
munition that the enterprise was likely to require ; so better I held 
it, to forbear approaching it, not having to go through with it, than 
to make a bravery, and then enforced, leave it as I found it. 

An eight days I so held still my camp in penury of victuals, and 
great doubt of the becoming of our fleet and victuals, such stormy 
and raging weather continually for this space had fallen, with 

* P. 267, No. 29. 


contrariety of winds, and now almost in despair the 9th morning 
news came unto me, first that thre . . . bands which I had 

appointed to follow me, were coming at hand, I was 

leaping to horse to meet them, when another messenger in great 
haste . . . brought word, that Sir William Wynter with the 
ships was at the Ven[try], and would next morning, if wind held, be 
at Smerwick. The next . . . therefore I rode thither, where 
I found him newly entered, and found ... the cause of his 
stay to have been, weather and uncertain intelligence of . . my 
being and the enemy's estate. Conference then had and resolution 
for ... the service, I returned, and the next day brought 
forward my camp and pitc[hed] by the Dingle, caused there to 
stay for the taking in of certain victuals. The day following, 
being the 'foresaid 7th, I settled camp here, in which spa . . . 
taking Captain Byngham with me, I went to view the fort and 
ground for* the carriage of my trench and planting of ordnance. To 
let us in this, and to draw ours within the play of their " counter- 
" scarfe " and curtain, where their musketeers lay, ten or twelve 
shot were put forth, who were answered by fifty or sixty loose shot 
that I had with me, to entertain them the whiles. The leaders of 
these were John Zouche and Captain Mackworth, who very gallantly 
carried themselves. In this skirmish three of theirs were slain, 
none of ours touched, saving that John Zouche had the graze of a 
bullet on the knee, but not to be reckoned of. That done that we 
came for, I retired. The same afternoon we landed our artillery 
and munition. In the evening we fell to work, carried our trench 
within fourteen score of the piece, and planted two culverins, with 
which the next morning anon upon day, we saluted them, and they 
for an hour or two as freshly requited us, till two of their best 
pieces at last taken away, they had not on that side but musket and 
" hackabuse-acroke " to answer us, which with good heat they plied 
us with. The day so spent, at night to spade we fall again, and by 
morning brought our trench within five score of their ditch. This 
night they made four sallies, to have beaten our labourers from 
work, and gave us their volleys very gallantly, but were as 
gallantly set in again by Ned. Denny and his company, who had 
this night the watch. No sooner day peeped but they played very 
hotly upon us, yet, as God would, for a good time without hurt, till 
unhappily good John Cheek, too carelessly advancing himself to 
look over the trench, stricken on the head, tumbled down at my 
feet, dead I took him, and for so I caused him to be carried away, 


yet it pleased God to send him spirit again, and yet doth live, in 
speech and greatest memory that ever was seen with such a wound, 
and truly, Madam, so disposed to God, and made so divine a 
confession of his faith, as all divines in either of Your Majesty's 
realms could not have passed, if matched it, so wrought in him 
God's Spirit, plainly declaring him a child of His elected, to the no 
less comfort of his good and godly friends, than great instruction 
and manifest motion of every other hearer that stood by, of whom 
there was a good troop. 

Pardon me, I beseech your Highness in case my digression be 
tedious, the affection I bear the gentleman causeth the fault, if 
there be any. I therefore knit it up thus, if God do take him, 
as such is the likelihood, your Majesty loseth a servant, whose 
match for every good virtue accompanied with [the] most true, 
dutiful, and zealous heart to yourself (as his prayers in this 
.'^ . . case notably have declared) in no great number will be 

He so had away, I stayed in the trench, and finding their s,hot 
m . . . . lously to beat at us, and that ours did little or 

nothing annoy them, for we did not discern either 

by spike hole or smoke on the "rampier" where . . . lay, 
I endeavoured as I might, to watch their next volley, and happily 
did [see] it to come from under a certain building of timber, 
that at the point of the cu ? . . . was set up, propped out- 
wardly like a hovel, and inwardly slanting like .... pentisse 
[penthouse]. I went straight to the barricadoes, I willed the 
gunners to .... their pieces at that place. Sir William 
Wynter himself made the sho[t] ... at two tires our gentle- 
men were displaced, and the trench at great good . . and by 
that two other tires were given, in great haste leaps one of the 
. . . to the top of their " vauntmure " with an ensign of a sheet 
and craves a . . parley, hereof straight was word sent me by 
John Zouche, who then had the ward, I willed him and the trench 
master, one Captain Pers (a very sufficient and industrious man), 
to know what they would. It was returned unto me that their 
colonel would send one out to me, to treat with me in case his 
messenger might safely go and return. Upon advice it was granted. 
There was presently sent unto me one Alexandro, their campmaster ; 
he told me that certain Spaniards and Italians were there arrived 
upon fair . . speeches and great promises, which altogether 
vain and false they found, and t[hat] it was no part of their 

lxx ii PREFACE. 

intent to molest or take any government from your Majesty, for 
proof that they were ready to depart as they came, and deliver in[to] 
my hands the fort. Mine answer was, that for that I perceived 
their people to stand of two nations, Italian and Spanish, I would 
give no a[nswer] unless a Spaniard were likewise by. He presently 
went and returned [with] a Spanish captain. I then told the 
Spaniard that I knew their nation [to] have an absolute Prince, 
one that was in good league and amity with your Majesty, which 
made me to marvel that any of his people should be found associate 
them that went about to maintain rebels against you 
and to disturb .... any your Highness' governments, and 
taking it that it could not be his King's will, I was to know by 
whom and for what cause they were sent. His reply was, that 
the King had not sent them, but that one John Martinez de 
Ricaldi, Governor for the King, at Bilboa, had willed him to levy 
a band and to repair with it to St. Andrews, and there to be 
directed by this their colonel here, whom he followed as a blind 
man, not knowing whither. The other avouched that they were 
all sent by the Pope for the defence of the Catholica fede. My 
answer was, that I would not greatly have marvelled if men being 
commanded by natural and absolute princes did sometimes take 
in hand wrong actions, but that men, and that of account as some 
of them made show of, should be carried into unjust, desperate, 
and wicked actions by one that neither from God nor man could 
claim any princely power or empire, but indeed a detestable 
shaveling, the right Antichrist and general ambitious tyrant over 
all right principalities, and patron of the diabolica fede, I could 
not but greatly rest in wonder, their fault therefore, far to be 
aggravated by the vileness of their commander, and that at my 
hands no condition of composition they were to expect, other 
than that simply they should render me the fort, and yield their 
selves to my will for life or death. 

With this answer he departed, after which there was one or 
two courses to and fro more, to have gotten a certainty for some 
of their lives, but finding that it would not be, the colonel himself 
about sunsetting came forth and requested respite with surcease 
of arms till the next morning, and then he would give a resolute 

Finding that to be but a gain of time for them and loss of 
the same for myself, I definitely answered, I would not grant it, 
and therefore presently either that he took my offer or else return, 

PREFACE. Ixxiii 

and I would fall to my business. He then embraced my knees 
simply putting himself to my mercy, only he prayed that for that 
night he might abide in the fort, and that in the morning all 
should be put into my hands. I asked hostages for the performance ; 
they were given. Morning come ; I presented my companies 
in battle before the fort, the colonel comes forth with 10 or 12 
of his chief gentlemen, trailing their ensigns rolled up, and pre- 
sented them unto me with their lives and the fort. I sent straight, 
certain gentlemen in, to see their weapons and armours laid down, 
and to guard the munition and victual there left for spoil. Then 
put I in certain bands, who straight fell to execution. There were 
600 slain. Munition and victual great store ; though much wasted 
through the disorder of the soldier, which in that fury could not 
be helped. Those that I gave life unto, I have bestowed upon the 
captains and gentlemen, whose service hath well deserved, for 
though your Majesty may, and I doubt not shall, have g . . . . 
services done, yet truly for toil and misery sustained in it, through 
le[ngth] and hardness of ways, extremity of weather, coldness of 
season, cont[inual] watching, and penury of victual, hardly by other 
soldiers will the like ag[ain] be performed. 

Your Majesty at this service had here but 800 ; they have 
p . . . out of a fort well fortified, better victualled, excellently 
stored with armour, . . munition, 600, whereof 400 were as 
gallant and goodly personages as of any ... I ever beheld. 
So hath it pleased the Lord of Hosts to deliver your enemies into 
[your] Highness' hands, and so too as, one only excepted, not 
one of yours is else lost or hu[rt]. 

I had in this journey a great jewel of Captain Byngham, whose 
restless trav[el] and grounded skill, hath been no small cause of 
shortening the same. I mos[t] humbly therefore commend him 
to your Highness' favour and good opinion ; which ( . . . 
credit I dare gage) shall show deservedly to be bestowed in every 

The colonel at his coming forth, showed to the gentlemen that 
I had sent in before, a coffer of his, wherein he told them was 
all the treasure he had ; it was brought to me untouched, I caused 
it by the same gentlemen to be opened and told ; it came to 
329?. 6s. all in double rials of plate. I caused it straight to be 
distributed amongst the bands that kept the stand in the field and 
ward in the camp that day, and sundry private gentlemen, which 


I learned to have sought for no spoil I relieved therewith, so far 
as it would go. I trust your Majesty will allow of it. 

Other particularities about this service to the bearer hereof I 
refer, whose forwardness I could of right commend to your 
Highness, but that I fe[ar] you will take it rather partiality than 
desert, but sure, Madam, affec[tion] shaU never draw me to 
deliver unto you in any's behalf what their wjorth] shall not bear ; 
I humbly therefore beseech your Highness to afford him your 
g[racious] countenance and favour, for in this action he hath and 
will I doubt not, . . . more dese 

If tidings of this event stay it not, there is a great remainder 
of this for[eign] force to be yet looked for. I have thought good 
therefore to stay yet for [awhile] your Majesty's admiral, and 
then dismissing him, to retain for this winter C[aptain] Byngham, 
the Vice- Admiral, with the " Achates " and " Merlian." For the 
defence of .... parts by land, I leave John Zouche colonel 
of 400 footmen and 50 hors[emenj. 

The travels and toil of the soldiers hath been so excessive, as 
they are de ... out of clothes, the country and season 
so cold, as not possible in such plight to [ . . conjtinue it. I 
most humbly therefore beseech your Majesty in consideration of 
your own service and compassion of the poor, ragged, and naked 
creatures, to afford them a thorough pay, otherwise sure great 
lack to your service it will bring, and as little gain to your trea- 
sure by the delay, 

"What is done in the English Pale I cannot hear. Connaught 
is greatly troubled by the Earl of Clanricarde's sons. I mean 
therefore with God's leave to take that province in my return, 
and leave with Sir Nicholas Malbie some of my force for the 
timely quenching of these sparks. Surely, Madam, I cannot find, 
but a most hard and stiff-necked people of this nation, and far 
from the bent of loving obedience unto you. I fear I shall do 
your Highness little service amongst them, for certainly a hard 
and forcible hand I too well find must bring them to duty, which 
I confess falls not with my nature. 

Your Highness must determine absolutely with your own forces 
to defend and keep in awe this land. Expect no country aid, 
unless you would give reins to popery, stealth, murdering, and all 
other insolency of life. This will be heavy for your Highness to 
do, I know in this sort that now it goeth, but in mine opinion the. 


way might be found that would make it light unto you. What 
part of Ireland is it that beareth not the charge of an idle, villainous 
kind of kern three times told above the number of your soldiers ? 
And the end they serve to, only to be instruments of revenges in 
private quarrels, or else the force and strength of public rebellions ; 
now half the charge that this scum putteth the country unto and 
doth nothing for it, but maintain quarrels, commit murders and 
stealths, uphold rebellions, would I say find a competent number of 
English soldiers that should root out this detestable crew, whereby 
the country should be quieted, causes of quarrels and wrongs taken 
away, justice and redress only at your hands sought, factious and 
rebellious minds should never trouble nor put to charge your 
Majesty, wanting ministers and adherents to execute, and seeing 
still forces ready to prevent. Since thus the charge of the realm 
might be lessened, the quiet and good state greatly advanced, your 
Majesty's service and government furthered and made safer, why 
should it not be put in ure,* I leave it to your Highness' con- 
sideration and good pleasure. Once, this I can say, since my 
coming into this government could I not see any man of those 
that in defence or offence of private quarrel would have found 
an hundred swords at his devotion, that ever yet without pay 
in this your service would afford me a man ; and now in this 
action (to note the goodwills of the good people) they that before 
my coming had been continual aiders of the strangers with 
all necessaries, and to their works had help . . . them with 
an hundred churls (of which kind I now stood in great nee[d] 
..x-.v v.v' the same persons came now in to me, and submitted them- 
selves, which I took .... imposing only on them to put 
me in sufficient pledges, and to furnifsh] me for money with beeves, 
and to get me an hundred churls to labour ... I was driven 
off from day to day, and in the end did find that this .... 
coming in was only to play on both sides, till the event of this 
action . . . were known ; if one way, a rebel as before, if the 
other a subject . . . and yet surely so but in show, and the 
other in heart ; for not one thing with g[ood] will, till to threaten 
I began, could I get of them, neither yet [to] overthrow the fort, 
can I amongst three or four of them get half [the number] that 
the enemy by one of them was served with, in the building [of the 

* i.e., practice.' 


Thus too tediously, perchance, have I held your Majesty with 
this discourse, but having thought it not unnecessary to acquaint 
your Majesty with the dutifulness and good mind that I find the 
people to carry, did embolden me to it, and so submitting all to 
your Majesty's judgment I take my humble leave, beseeching the 
Almighty God to prolong your life with continual health, and to 
govern you with His Spirit for your own avail and His glory, and 
me ever to serve your Majesty as I desire. 

In camp at Smerwick, the 12th of November 1580. 

Your Hyg. most and faythefull subject and servant, 


Addressed : To Her Majesty give this. 

Sir Richard Byngham in his letter of the 12th, No. 32, 
savs , _ They had, as I heare, of powther lefte, fyfte 
" harries, of pyckes, foure thousand, and other furniture of 
" armoure, harckhus, morryons, and soche lycke to the 
" lycke proporsyon ; of vyctuales they had great store, 
" savinge that they wanted watter, which they had not 
" within ther forte." 

Let us now hear the Poet Spenser, author of the " Faerie 
Queen." He says in his " View :" 

EUDOXUS,* Indeed so have I heard it here often spoken, but I 
perceive, as I always verily thought, that it was most unjustly. For 
he [Grey] was always known to be a most just, sincere, godly and 
right noble man, far from such sternness, far from such unrighteous- 
ness, but in that sharp execution of the Spaniards, at the fort of 
Smerwick, I heard specially noted, and if it were true as some 
reported, surely it was a great touch to him in honour, for some 
say that he promised them life, others that at the least he did 
put them in hope thereof. 

IRENJSUS. Both the one and the other is most untrue, for this 
I can assure you, myself being as near them as any, that he was 
so far either from promising or putting in hope, that when first 
their secretary (called, as I remember, Segnior Jeffery, an Italian) 

* In a Copy of Spenser's "View of Ireland," placed at the end of 1598, 
when at his last coming over from Ireland lie carried Sir Thomas 
Norreys's despatch of Dec. 9, 1598, at fol. 39 dorso, we find Spenser's 
apology or explanation of this tragedy. 

PREFACE. Ixxvii 

being sent to treat with the Lord Deputy for grace, was flatly 
refused ; and afterwards their Colonel, named Don Sebastian, came 
forth to intreat that they might part with their arms like soldiers, 
at the least with their lives, according to the custom of war and 
law of nations ; it was strongly denied him, and told him by the 
Lord Deputy himself, that they could not justly plead either 
custom of war, or law of nations, for that they were not any lawful 
enemies. And if they were, willed them to show by what com- 
mission they came thither into another Prince's dominions to war, 
whether from the Pope, or from the King of Spain, or any other ; 
the which when they said they had not, but where only adventurers 
that came to seek fortune abroad, and to serve in wars among 
the Irish who desired to entertain them, it was then told them 
that the Irish themselves, as the Earl and John of Desmond with 
the rest, were no lawful enemies, but rebels and traitors, and there- 
fore they that came to succour them, no better than rogues and 
runagates, specially coming with no licence nor commission from 
their own king, so as it should be dishonourable for him in the 
name of his Queen to condition or make any terms with such 
rascals, but left them to their choice to yield and submit themselves 
or no ; whereupon the said Colonel did absolutely yield himself 
and the fort with all therein, and craved only mercy ; which it 
being not thought good to show them, both for danger of them- 
selves, if being saved they should afterwards join with the Irish, 
and also for terror of the Irish, who were much emboldened by 
these foreign succours, and also put in hope of more ere long, there 
was no other way but to make that short end of them as was 

It would seem hardly fair, not to be satisfied with the 
scenes of bloodshed and severity, which fall naturally 
within the scope of these twelve years of Irish history, 
without having recourse to foreign countries for more; 
but war was then so hideous an occupation, that one 
cannot properly estimate the actions of one people with- 
out comparing them with those of other nations at the 
same epoch. 

If it was hard for these foreign adventurers to be so 
annihilated, they were not the only captives who suffered 

Ixxviii PREFACE. 

thus miserably. We read in the history of Portugal that 
Philip II. of Spain, to make good his pretentions to the 
throne of Portugal, fitted out a formidable fleet, and sent 
the Duke of Alva into Portugal with an army of 30,000 
men. Though Philip's claim was acknowledged to be just, 
yet the greatest part of the Portuguese, from their hatred 
to the Gastilians, refused to submit to him; and having 
sent to Home to implore the protection of the Pope, 
Gregory XIII. immediately sent Cardinal Riario as his 
nuncio to Portugal, to act as a mediator between the two 
parties, and to persuade Philip to lay down his arms. 

In the meantime Don Antonio, Prior of Orato, (who had 
escaped at the battle of Alcazar quivir, but was considered 
to be a bastard by the late Cardinal King of Portugal, Don 
Henry,) being master of the capital, had seized on the 
arsenal and magazines, placed new magistrates, officers 
of justice and ministers, raised a motley army of Portu- 
guese and negroes, and having posted himself and all the 
force he could muster at Alcantara, was easily routed by 
the superior forces under the command of the Duke of 
Alva, on the 25th of August 1580. The Spaniards pur- 
sued their course to Lisbon, which capitulated; the 
city within the walls was saved from plunder, but the 
suburbs, which were much larger than the portion of the 
city within the walls, and all the neighbouring villages, 
were delivered up to pillage for several days. Later, Don 
Antonio obtained assistance from the Queen Mother of 
Prance, Catherine de Medicis, and other Princes, who 
were not of the late King Henry's opinion, and who 
pitied his condition. In 1582 he equipped a fleet of 
sixty sail, with a considerable number of soldiers on 
board, and sailed for the Azores. They fell in with the 
Spanish fleet, under the Marquis De Santa Cruz, who 
routed them. In the engagement nearly thirty noblemen, 


fifty gentlemen, and 200 soldiers were made prisoners. They 
produced French commissions, and expected to be treated 
as prisoners of war, but the Marquis insisted that there 
was no war between the Crowns of France and Castile. 

In the ninth book of the " History of the Uniting of 
the Kingdom of Portugal to the Crown of Castile,"* we read 
the account of the slaughter of the French as follows : 

The first of August, Francis de Bovadilla landed with four 
companies of soldiers, in the midst whereof, upon the sea shore, he 
put all the French prisoners, leading them to the market place 
of Villa Franca, unto a scaffold built the height of a man, where 
with a loud voice was read the sentence of the Marquis of Santa 
Cruz, whereby showing that the Catholic King having peace with 
the most Christian King, against the said peace publicly sworn, 
an army of many adventurers were come out of France in favour 
of Anthony, Prior of Crato, with an intent to take the Catholic 
King's fleet, which he expected from the Indies, and the new-found 
lands, and to spoil the [Azores] islands, as they had already done 
that of St. Michael's, and that the said army having tried a battle 
against His Majesty's, the French had been broken and overcome, 
in the which being taken eight and twenty noblemen and two and 
fifty gentlemen, and many other mariners and soldiers, he declared 
them taken as enemies to the quiet and public good, disturbers of the 
traffic, and favourers of His Majesty's rebels, that as such, and as 
public pirates, he commanded the Auditor General of the army that 
for their chastisement and for the example of others, he should 
execute upon them the punishment of natural death, beheading 
the gentlemen and hanging the rest which passed the age of seven- 
teen years, being so convenient both for the service of God and of 
the two Kings 

That they were no pirates they proved by the letters patents 
they had from the King of France, under the which the ships and 

soldiers were enrolled The 

Marquis answered that the most Christian King had expressly 
commanded that all Frenchmen that should take arms against 
the Catholic King should be corporally punished, so as the same 
day these gentlemen, with a general pity and great severity, 

* Printed at London for Edward Blount in 1600, p. 294. 

lxxx PREFACE. 

were beheaded upon the scaffold, and the mariners and soldiers 
hanged in divers places, and the pity was the greater being appa- 
rent that they were all, not only valiant soldiers, but Catholics and 
devout Christians. 

After this, 1583, the Marquis of Santa Cruz reduced the 
adherents of Don Antonio in the Azores, and it would 
have turned more to his reputation if it had been attended 
with less bloodshed ; the executions which he commanded 
were numerous and cruel.* 

In modem times Bonaparte massacred his prisoners at 
Jaffa ; the following is his own version of the affair, given 
to Lord Ebrington in Elba : " C'est vrai, j'en fis fusilier 
" a pen pres deux mille. Vous trouvez cela un peu fort ; 
" mais je leur avais accorde une capitulation a El Arish 
" a condition qu'ils retourneraient chez eux, ils Font 
" rompue et se sont jettes dans Jaffa, ou je les pris par 
" assaut. Je ne pouvais les emmener prisonniers avec 
" moi, car je manquais de pain, et ils etaient des diables 
" trop dangereux pour les lacher une seconde fois."f 

What shall we say to these atrocities ? Who is to 
blame ? Alas ! it is the old story. The earliest written 
account of the first society is D2PI ptfil xbomt and the 
earliest unwritten record of the craft of the human race, 
is the spear head flint, of which specimens were brought 
to light in the end of the last century, and which the 
labourers who dug them out of the brick-earth pit at 

* For the account of these transactions, see " Dell' Unione del Regno 
" di Portogallo alia Corona di Castiglia-Istoria, del Sig. leronimo do 
" Franchi Conestaggio," printed in Genoa, 1585 ; the like in English, 
printed at London for Edward Blount, 1600 ; " Cinco Libros de Antonio 
" de Herrera de Tordesillas de la Historia de Portugal, y Conquista de las 
" Islas de los A9ores, en los Aiios de 1582 y 1583," at Madrid, 1591 ; the 
Epitome " De las Historias Portuguesas," por Manuel de Faria i Sousa, at 
Madrid, 1628 ; and other works quoted in the Universal History, vols. on 
Spain and Portugal. 

f Annual Register, vol. 41, p. 150. | Genisis, chap, vi., verse eleven. 


Hoxne, in Suffolk, found no difficulty in designating as 
" fighting stones."* 

About the 20th of March 1581.f The Lord Deputy 
Grey wrote a letter, partly in cipher, in which he complains 
that the Earl of Ormond does not prosecute the service 
with vigour, and that if " presently there bee not an oother 
" order taken and an Englishe goovernor set in that 
" roome [General in Munster], all wyll bee marde. The 
" sore is so festered, as corisives and incisions must now 
" onely cure, which wyll never bee doonne by surgeons 
" of this soile ; beeware of delayes, and so I leave it. I 
" can saye no more." 

On the 24th of April 1581, { Sir Warham Sentleger 
wrote from Cork to Burghley. " The confidence I have 
" in your Honour's favour and good construction of my 
" late plain letters written to you, together with the hope 
" I have, that your Honour will reserve to yourself the 
" contents of that I write, emboldeneth me the more 
" frankly to advertise your Lordship how the state here 
" standeth in this province, which groweth every day 
" worse than other ; and I fear, if it be suffered to go on 
" as it doth, it will in a short time be stark naught ; if 
" there be not established here an English Governor, who 
" will be singular instead of a Lord General, whose 
" favour, extended to the Irishry and his allies, is greatly 
" to be doubted will cause the Queen's Majesty to be 
" at two hundred thousand pounds more charges than 
" it would have been, if there had been an English 

" Governor to be plain with your 

" Lordship, he [Ormond] is the * moste hatefulst ' person 
" in this province that liveth, and of the Captains and 
" soldiers that serve under him so disliked, as were it 

* Archaeologia, 38. n., p. 300. f P. 293, No. 36. 

J P. 300, No. 50. 


" not for their duties' sakes, they would rather be hanged 
" than follow him ; for they find their travel and great 
" pains is-altogether in vain." 

On the 28th of August 1581,* Sir Henry Wallop wrote 
his mind to Walsyngham on the impolicy of taking in 
Feagh M'Hugh O'Byrne, which Sir Henry Harrington, 
who is many ways a good natured gentleman but over 
credulous to Irish promises, has laboured hard to procure. 
Amongst other things, he says, " verye lately Phelym 
" Otoole beynge arestyd for sondrye suspytyons off 
" treasons, havynge had a pardon not ij monethes afore, 
" procured his brother to be his pledge for his good 
" behavyor and aparence when he shoulde be cauled, 
" who presently e, even the fyrst daye off his inlargement 
" enteryd into open rebellyon, and so remayneth ; many 
" other insampels I myght allege were yt not to avoyde 
" tedyusnes, but these beynge trywe, what hoope maye 
" there be off there fydelytes apon pledges. There ys no 
" waye to daunt these people but by the edge off the 
" sworde, and to plant better in there places. Her 
" Majestie were better to geve them over to there owne 
" governement, and lett them one cutt an other's throte, 
" then this [i.e. thus] styll to consume tresor to no 

" purpose." "I was off mynde, when the 

" matter came in questyon at the Counsell tabell ; whether 
" he shoulde be taken in or not ; that consyderynge he 
" ys so notable a rebell, and that not a monethe agon, 
" when we were treatynge peace with Tyrlogh [i.e. 
" O'Neill], he refused his pardon then beynge offered, 
" with very oprobryus wordes, and that nowe his manner 
" off aceptynge yt, ys but by waye off attornye, .... 
" that suche maner off takynge in coulde ether be honor- 

* P. 317, No. 27. 

PREFACE. Ixxxiii 

" able, or any saftye to staye him from rebellyon lenger 
" then he shall fynde oportunyte, and spye tyme off 
" advantage to do some notable myscheffe." .... 
" . . . . "Well there was but one more off my 
" opynyon, and so the matter agreed by the more voyces, 
" God send yt good successe." 

In this letter Wallop broaches the idea of daunting 
these people with the edge of the sword and planting 
better in their places, which was actually done a few 
years after by the plantations in Munster and Ulster. 

On the 12th of September 1581* Andrew TroUope 
wrote a long letter to Walsyngham, particularly describing 
the impression Ireland had made on his mind, since his 
arrival on the 8th of July. He seems to have been an in- 
telligent, blunt, honest English lawyer, but evidently the 
soil and climate of Ireland was not congenial to his soul. 
It is worth while to consider his remarkable and vivid 
description of the country. He says : 

" About the xvth of Julye one Phelham M'Tole, which dwelt 
" within viii. myles of Dublen, and maryed the syster of Feffe 
" M'Cue, one of the notabelest traytours, murtherers, and theives 
" in all Ireland, was apprehended for victualing the rebelles, and 
" his brother gathered together his tenants and followers and 
" kylled, bourned, robbed, and spoyled as many as he could fynd 
" disposed to be trew subjectes, and sent worde ... to my Lord 
" Deputye to delyver his brother, or else he woulde bourne and 
" spoyle the countery, even to Dublen gates, and that if he would 
" pardon hym and sett his brother at lybertie, he would cumme in 
" and be pledge for his brother's good behaviour. . . . And duering 
" my Lord Deputye his absence the said Phelham M'Tole his 
" cumpany, and other rebells (whereof Sir William Standley sent 
" viij. of their heddes to Dublen the xth of August), burned, 
" robbed, and spoyled the countery so bouldly as they were many 
" tyraes, both by night and by daye, sene so doeing within three 
" myles of Dublen. And Phelham M'Tole being perswaded to 
" cease and yelde hymselfe, and tould that if he would not so doe 

* P. 318, No. 39. 

f 2 

Ixxxiv PREFACE. 

" his brother, being his pledge, should be hanged, made aunswere 
" that he cared not, and bydd hange hym if they would. At which 
" my Lord Beputye was much greved, and would not hear eny 
" man speke of eny pardons, and about the xxviijth of August the 
" said Phelham M'Tole his brother was hanged (as I praye God I 

" maye see all the rest) 

" Every chief rebel's pardon is a hundred men's deaths." . . . 
" That Iryshe man which getteth a pardon, maketh an accompt 
'' he can have a pardon when he lysteth, as in the tyme that Sir 
" Henry Sydney was Lord Deputie of Ireland, this FefTe (i.e., Feagh 
" McHugh O'Byrne) was a rebell as now he hath bene, and being 
" perswaded to cumme in and he should have pardon, aunswered, 
" that he could murder, burne, and robb whom he listed and then 
" have pardon." .... The Irish have been too much trusted, 
favoured, and preferred. " The Irishe men, except [in] the walled 
" townes, are not christyans, cyvell, or humane creatours, but 
" heathen, or rather savage, and brute bestes. For many of them, 
" as well women as men, goe commonly all naked saveing onely a 
" lose mantle hangeing aboute them ; if eny of them have a sherte 
" and a payre of syngle sowled shoes, which they call broges, they 
" are especyally provyded for. And the Erie of Clancar and the 
" Lord Morrys came the thirde of this instante to presente them- 
" selves to my Lord Deputye at Dublen, being the chief cytye in 
" all Ireland, in all their bravery, and the best robe or garment 
" they wore was a russett Irishe mantle [rugg], worth about a 
" crowne a pece, and they had ech of them a hatte, a lether 
" jerken, a payre of hosen, which they call trowes, and a payre of 
" broges, but not all worth a noble that eyther of them had. . . 

" And their fede is fleshe if they can stele any, for 

" they have no occupations, or have bene brought upp to eny 
" labour to yearne enything. And if they can gett no stolen 
" fleshe, they eate if they can gett them, like [leek] blades, and a 
" three -leved grasse, which they call shamrocks, and for want 
" thereof caryon, and grasse in the felds, with such butter as is 
" to loughsume to discrybe ; the best of them have syldom breade, 
" and the common sorte never loke after eny. They have neyther 
" mynisters, or churches, or those which are be decayed and never 
" used. They never marry, chrysten, or bury, but howle over the 
" course like dogges, and because they thinke themselves cannot 
" make noyes inough, they will many tymes hier Buiume to howle 
'' with them." Fertility of the soil and commodious disposition of 


woods and waters. " The people which are there, which are not 
" haulfe a quarter of the numbre of those which England con- 
" tynewally mayntayneth, lyve very hardly, yee the most parte most 
" myserably, and many have, and many more would have, starved 
" for fode, albeyt that many lyve with grasse in the felde, lyke 
" brute bestes and spend no corne, if great store of victual! hadd 
" not bene sent thether out of England." Weapons. Practice 
lately at Dublin to cut the throats of all the English at 
one instant. Wishes Snagg were made Lord Chancellor of 
Ireland. Sir William Russell knighted on the 10th instant. 
Usury is little used in Ireland ; one man/ paid 501. a year for 
the loan of 20. and another paid 21. for the loan of 10Z. for 
a month. 

On the 12th of March 1582* Sir Warham Sentleger 
wrote to the Queen from Cork : 

My duty in most humble wise done unto your Majesty, with like 
desire of pardon for my long silence. Two causes hath letted my 
writing to your Highness, as you enjoined me when I took leave 
of your Majesty. The one, extreme sickness, the other, change of 
government, which hath bred such an alteration in this service, 
since my last repair into England, as I durst not presume to 
certify anything thereof till I had considered of the same, which 
now having done, I will be bold to set down to your Highness, how 
the state of this your province of Munster standeth, and withal 
deliver to your Majesty my poor opinion what is like to become of 
the government now in execution. 

It is so, and please your Highness, that in this government it is 
thought good policy to make waste the five counties within this 
province, the corporate towns only excepted, holding it the only 
means to subdue and famish the traitors. 

A government no doubt meant to good purpose, but (under 
correction) far wide from the due course of government that ought 
to be, and so have I sundry times told the Governor since my 
coming hither. For by wasting of the countries there will ensue 
four great inconveniences. 

First, starving numbers of poor innocent people, being already 
dead by famine in this province not so few as 30,000 at the least 
within less than this half year. 

Secondly, it will be the overthrow and decay of the corporate 

* P. 361, No. 41. i. 


)W ns for the inhabiters and merchants being cut off from their 
accustomed trades of the countries, whereby they cannot vent 
commodities beyond the seas as they were wont to do, nor yet 
utter such merchandize as they bring thence hither, the countries 
about them being wasted and unpeopled, it cannot be but the 
towns must fall into great calamity and misery ; for proof whereof 
victuals and all other things necessary for sustentation of men, is 
already grown to such scarcity in towns, ,by want of relief of the 
countries, as the poorer sort of people are driven for preserving 
them from famine to live (saving your Highness' reverence) upon 
starven cows and horses, being glad to give for each carcase, so 

dead, 4s. sterling. 

The richer sort will ere it be long fall into like extremity, having 
now no means to live but only upon the stock they have heretofore 
gathered, which is no such wealth as can long endure to maintain 


Thirdly, it will be the decay of your Majesty's customs, imposts, 
and other duties to your Highness appertaining. 

Fourthly, it is to be feared it will be the wasting of the whole 
realm, or a great part thereof, for the traitors imagined to be 
famished by these wastes, wanting victuals in this province, will 
have it in the next, and so make waste where they be come, unless 
they be overthrown, of which I see yet no likelihood, for they 
daily increase in strength, having lately fallen into rebellion with 
them a thousand of the Earl of Clancar's country of Kerry and 
Clanmorriss, not without the consent, as it is here thought, of the 
Lords and chieftains of those countries, their sons and chief 
followers being their leaders. 

These new upstart traitors have joined their forces with the 
traitor David Barry and his force, who being firmly united together 
upon their hypocritical oaths, came the 7th of this month into 
Carbury, a country that maintained a hundred English soldiers 
without any charge to your Majesty, and from thence took a great 
prey, and driving the same out of the country, the said traitors 
sent a boy that spake good English to the Abbey of Bantry, where 
the English soldiers lay in garrison, which boy delivered to them a 
message, as sent by Sir Owen M c Carthy, chieftain of Carbury, 
willing the soldiers to rise out to assist him to rescue the prey 
taken by the traitors, giving them further to understand, that the 
said Sir Owen would be ready with the force of his country to back 
them, which treacherous message being believed of the soldiers, 

PREFACE. Ixxxvii 

they rose out with their band, with intention to rescue the prey 
and following the same, were by the traitors intrapped by an 
ambuscade laid for them, by which policy they were so beset, as 
they could not retire to any place of strength, but were there 
forced in field to abide the fury of the enemy, where after long 
fight, their powder being spent, were by the traitors defeated, 
defending themselves as valiantly as ever did so few men against 
such multitudes, the traitors being at least a thousand fighting men 
on horseback and foot, who advanced seven Irish pencines displayed 
besides an ensign of the Pope's arms, the bearer thereof being killed 
by the soldiers, and 60 more of the traitors before they ended their 

This small victory done by the traitors, together with the great 
preys, they have lately taken from those accounted here subjects 
and cassing of English bands, hath put these vile people into such 
a jollity as they think all will now go on their side, giving out to 
their friends and such other as be fickle-headed persons, that your 
Majesty is weary of the charges you have been at, in daunting this 
civil war, and that you will no longer continue the same. Assuring 
them, if they will now take part and join with them, they will 
not only restore them to their ancient Irish liberties, but also to the 
Romish religion, and banish all English government out of this 

These lewd, detestable persuasions allureth numbers of idle 
persons to follow them, and forget their duties both towards God 
and your Highness. 

There is, as I am credibly informed, come of late from Kome a 
traitor called O'Mulrian, a born man in the county of Limerick, 
brother to O'Mulrian chieftain of the country he beareth name, 
which traitor usurpeth the name of Bishop of Cork and Cloyne, 
authorized so to do as he saith from the Pope. This traitor (as it 
is given out) hath brought assured promise from the Pope to the 
Earl of Desmond, that he shall have relief both of men, money, and 
munition by Midsummer next at the furthest ; upon whose arrival 
the traitor, the Earl, called all his followers before him, and caused 
this lewd prelate to deliver to them this news, which done, the said 
traitor, the Earl, told his followers, that there were some amongst 
them that sought to betray him, for that he could not go through 
with the enterprise he had begun, requiring them to be true and 
faithful to him till the time pronounced by this prelate, and then if 
they found not his sayings true, no longer to trust to him, but seek 

Ixxxviil PREFACE. 

means for thoir safeties. Whereupon they all swore to be true and 

faithful to him. 

Thus having signified to your Majesty the Government here, as 
also the state of the traitors, I will leave further to trouble your 
Highness therein, and now in discharge of my duty, will deliver my 
poor conceit how this rebellion may be soon ended. The means to 
do the same I have sent to your Majesty's Lord Treasurer, as also 
to your Highness chief secretary, Sir Francis Walsyngham, to be 
imparted to your Majesty. Which plat if it will please your 
Highness to follow, I dare adventure my life, that in four months 
your Majesty shall make an honourable end of this rebellion, and 
have this province in that subjection and obedience, as never had 
any of your Highness' ancestors before, with great increase of your 
Majesty's revenue. 

In this my rude enterprise, if I be held of your Highness over 
presumptuous in taking upon me to deal in so weighty causes, I 
humbly crave pardon, submitting my doings therein to your 
Majesty's favourable and gracious construction. And so most 
humbly take my leave, praying to God for your Highness' prosperity 
with long life to reign over us. From your Majesty's city of 
Cork, this 12th of March 1581. 

Your Highness' most humble at commandment, 


On the 8th of December 1582,* the Lords Justices 
Loffcus and "Wallop wrote to Burghley. 

It is indeed a lamentable thing, as your Lordship saith, that the 
people under a Christian Prince should be driven to eat the car- 
casses of dead horses, and to buy them at the soldiers' hand. 
But it is less lamentable or strange here, considering the beastly 
disposition of many among this people, who undoubtedly, not only 
in time of war, but even in time of peace, and not only upon the 
borders, where waste may drive them to it, but even here in the pale, 
and in the cities where they are not so sore oppressed, will always eat 
the carcasses of any cattle or of their garans that die, be they never 
so loathsome to civil people, which thing we would not affirm unto 
your Lordship were it not that of certain knowledge and daily 
experience of long time, we have found to be true. And, therefore, 
if in those waste and remote places, where the wars have con- 
sumed all things, any such example of God's wrath, or the fruits 

* P. 416, No. 23. 

PREFACE. Ixxxix 

and calamities of war have appeared, it may be thought the less 
strange. Howbeit we cannot allow, but rather greatly abhor that 
the soldier should exact money, especially upon the subject for any 
such thing, neither did we ever before this hear of the like done in 
this realm; wherein truly we think the captains greatly to be 
blamed, that knowing any such thing, did not either punish it in 
their own soldiers, or seek to have it punished in others', or at the 
least refrain the report thereof. But they are effects which wars do 
bring forth in all countries having any continuance ; whereof 
France and Flanders might yield us many and notable testimonies. 
Yet truly we do not learn that the subject here hath at any time 
been driven to such extremity, but the rebel have ever since those 
wars began, and do still at this day, feed much upon their stud, 
partly for want, and partly to spare the remain of their cattle 
which they are loth to consume. 

On the 28th of May 1583 the Earl of Ormond for- 
warded to Burghley the following from Captain Edward 

Right honnorable my duetie remembred, this is to lett you 
understand that according to your honor's commandement, I have 
sent a true certificat by Richard Goghe of the soldiers I have 
received, and also how many doth remaine with me now, praying 
your Lordship to have care of my victualling from time to tyme, or 
els I shall not be able to live here, neither yet the townesmen them- 
selves, for there is nothing in the towne nor country to be had, nor 
hath not bene of long time, for as it is reported to me, and as I 
know the poorest sort hath been driven to eat the dead men's 
bodies which was cast away in the shipwrack, hit were pitty if it 
be your honor's pleasure, but that these townesmen might have 
some reliefe for theire money out of Her Majesty's store, for surely, 
in my opinion, they have suffred much want, and also have 
shewed themselves willing at all times to doe service, and doe still 
continue in the same mynde ; this beseeching your honnour to 
have consideration of theire want and myne, bothe, that it may 
please you to geve warrant to John Brobsone, this bearer, for some 
good proporcion of victualles, as may longest be kept, that our 
bread come, may be either corne or mayle, for in this proporcion I 

* P. 448, No. 49, i. 


received foure hundreth loves of bread, which were all spoyled. 
Unlesse it please your honnor to have some consideracion hit will 
growe greatlie to my hinderance. This boldely trobling your 
Lordship I leave, alwayes praying for your health, wealth, and pros- 
perity, with increase of all honor. From Dingle, the xxviii of Aprill. 
Your assured during lif, in what he may, 


The following letter f from Sir William Burke, Baron 
of CastleconneU, to the Queen, will show to what misery 
the faithful Irish were sometimes brought, and although 
it might seem that some amount of word-painting would 
he' put in a letter making a request for the extension 
of the grant of 100/. Irish, per annum, to the writer's 
son after him, still there is abundant collateral evidence 
to prove that the substance of the letter was only too 
true ; it is inserted here as a description of the waste and 
spoil which was effected by the rebellion. 

Most dear .mistress and loving Sovereign, as my affection in my 
youth hath been always to serve your most Excellent Majesty, so 
when age grew on, my daily study hath been, to train my children 
to follow my steps to serve your Highness, in fear and obedience, 
as, God be thanked, my three sons Theobald, Edmund, and Richard 
have by losing their lives verified, in giving the onset upon your 
Majesty's mortal enemy James Fitzmaurice, where by their valiant- 
ness your said enemy was slain, an exploit worthily and bounti- 
fully rewarded by your Highness. Since which time, my country 
was all wasted and spoiled, my tenants and followers slain, my 
castles and houses burned and overthrown ; and although myself 
have received by your Majesty's most bountiful clemency, the order 
and degree of Lord Baron, with a yearly pension, the countenance 
whereof I " were ne may " able to carry, unless it pleased your 
Excellency to give me for maintenance thereof a 100Z. Irish 
during my life, I now being impotent, do consider the case of 
my poor and comfortless child, John Burke, dependeth only to 

* This is Edward Stanley. Ormond gives his name in the letter, and 
also mentions Sir William Stanley, 
f P. 497, No. 103. 


be relieved by your Majesty, who is to succeed me, both in my 
living and calling. And it grieveth me, when I think to what 
misery he is born, that hath to inherit so waste and depopulate 
a country; but when I consider that his father and followers 
were slain in your Majesty's quarrel, I take such comfort that 
I persuade myself your Majesty will not suffer him [to] want. 
Therefore I most humbly beseech your Majesty, that it may 
please your Highness of your bountiful liberality, to grant the 
said pension to me, and to my heirs males, the consideration 
of this my request I commit only to your Majesty, in whose 
service I have lost my sons and followers. And so beseeching 
God to send your Highness continual victory over your enemies 
and long life to reign over your subjects. Castleconnell, the last 
of February, 1583. 

Your Majesty's obedient Subject, 

Add. To the Queen's most Excellent Majesty. 

This letter* from President John Norreys to the Privy 
Council is a little later, but it will serve to show the 
wasteness and general desolation of the whole country. 

It may please your Lordships to bee advertized that upon report 
of the landing of numberf of Scots with Agnus M'Conell in the 
North, I was sent for down hither by my Lord Deputy, to attend 
his Lordship in a journey, which he forthwith purposed to make 
thither, but hearing that the said Scots, either terrified with the 
strength of the garrison there, from further attempt, or drawn 
home again by means of some changes or troubles there happened, as 
is informed, and being, because of the untimely season of the year, 
discounselled from taking so hard a journey in hand, his Lordship 
hath thereupon stayed his purpose. So now myself am presently 
to return back unto the place of my charge, which since my coming 
thence, I heare not but to stand in very good case, as I left it, and 
so likely to continue ; but the wasteness and generall desolation of 
the whole country is such, as well for want of people as of cattle, 
being all consumed through the late wars, as that amongst them 
which remain, many stealths are committed to keep them in life, 
which are hard to be avoided through their extreme necessity. 
Nevertheless I doubt not but so to handle the charge of govern- 

* P. 554, No. 13. f Sic - 

xc ji PREFACE. 

merit, as that it shall be continued in good quietness, unless greater 
accident than yet appeareth do happen. Of all which as occasion 
still falleth I will from time to time advertize unto your Lordships. 
And so I humbly take leave. Dublin, the 7th of March, 1584. 
Signed J. Norreys, and addressed to the Privy Council. 

Ao-ain on the 31st of March 1585,* Lord President, 


John Norreys, mites to Burghley, that the Province 
" now presently standeth in reasonable good condition of 
" peace and quietness in general, though otherwise in 
" some places troubled with small stealths and'filching, by 
" some, which being lately come out of the rebellion, are 
" left so bare and needy, that they have no way to keep 
" life in them, but by that bad occupation, by means 
" whereof some of them wanting good success therein, 
" being so straightly here prosecuted and restrained by 
" the scourge of justice due to that offence, have utterly 
" abandoned the place, and are gone into Ulster in hope 
" there perhaps to make some better shift. The rest of 
" the better sort begin to fall to tillage and manuring of 
" the land, seeing great hope of peace likely for the 
" recovery of their decayed estates. But in truth the 
" wasteness is so huge and universal, chiefly for want of 
" people, that it will be very long ere they can be able to 
" get again aforehand, or recover themselves into any 
" ability of living. Nevertheless in peace I doubt not, 
" God willing, but to keep them unless more vehement 
" occasions of trouble do fall out, than can as yet be feared 
" or suspected." 

In Spenser's Viewf of the State of Ireland, we find the 
following testimony as to the terrible ravages of this war. 

" The proof whereof I saw sufficiently ensampled in those late 

* P. 556, No. 41. 

t MS. copy of Spencer's " View of the State of Ireland," placed at the 
end of 1598, fol. 38. dorso. This tract was first printed in 1633 by Sir 


PREFACE. xciii 

wars of Minister, for notwithstanding that the same was a most 
rich and plentiful country full of corn and cattle, that ye would 
have thought they should have been able to stand long, yet ere one 
year and a half, they were brought to so wonderful wretchedness as 
that any stony heart would have rued the same. Out of every 
corner of the woods and glens they came creeping forth upon their 
hands, for their legs could not bear them, they looked like anatomies 
of death, they spake like ghosts crying out of their graves, they did 
eat the dead carrions, happy where they could find them, yea, and 
one another soon after, insomuch as the very carcasses they spared 
not to scrape out of their graves, and if they found a plot of water- 
cresses or shamrocks, there they nocked as to a feast for a time, yet 
not able long to continue there withal, that in short space there 
were none almost left, and a most populous and plentiful country 
suddenly left void of man or beast ; yet sure in all that war there 
perished not many by the sword, but all by the extremity of famine 
which they themselves had wrought. 

The following letter* from Captain J. Dowdall to 
Walsyngham, will show the wretched state the country was 
in, and also some of the evils the soldier had to endure. We 
must recollect that at this time "the soldier" was an 
individual who on the call of the government was chosen 
willingly or otherwise, by the Magistrate or influential 
man of the village, and sent to fight for his Queen and 
country, nolens volens. In cases where the service was 
unpopular, as was sometimes the case with the Irish service, 
he was little more than a conscript. 


I yield you most hearty thanks for your friendly countenance 
towards me at my last being at the Court, which now is a year 
past. And at that time, if it had not been so that you were 
compelled to take physic, whereby I could have no conference with 
you, and also because I had some haste otherwise, I would have 
imparted at large unto you, the state of this Province at that time. 
If it shall please you to be advertised of, one of the greatest causes 
of the continuance of their rebellion here, and their undutifulness 

* P. 362, No. 46. 

xc i v PREFACE. 

towards God and Her Majesty, is the often change of government, 
as, first in the time of the government of Sir William Pelham, he 
brought them to that pass that they would have yielded to anything, 
then they heard of the coming and change of my Lord Grey, which 
the rebels gave out was sent to make peace with them. My Lord 
took the course to root out rebellion for ever, if it had been followed, 
and to have brought this realm into true obedience, but I think he 
is not well backed in England, as it doth appear by our great wants 
here. Then by Her Majesty's pardon, given of Her great clemency, 
was unto them such a relief as if Her Majesty had sent forty ships 
laden with victuals, it could not have relieved them more. Then 
the government of this province was committed unto Captain 
Zouche, in the which he behaved himself like a worthy Captain, 
and daunted the enemy, so that they knew not where to hide them, 
nor one to trust the other ; for he began to deal roughly with them 
at Aghadoe, and killed some of the best of them, and so many of 
them from time to time sought to become subjects, but very few or 
none received, which is the course that must be taken. Then it 
was our good hap to meet with John of Desmond, as you have 
heard, after which time the one of them durst not to trust the 
other, but thought there was treason within themselves. The Earl 
would trust none, Davy Barry was in the like mind, and the 
Seneschal Patrick Condon, and Patrick Macmaurice, and the rest 
of the principal traitors were of the like mind, and so dispersed 
themselves into small companies, one not trusting the other, without 
pledges one from the other, in which opinion they continued five or 
six weeks. In that time there were slain by Her Majesty's forces, 
and one killing another of them, thinking thereby to get favour and 
their lives at the Governor's hands, to the number of three hundred, 
and the most part of them gentlemen. Captain Acham slew three 
score of Thomas Oge's men of Kerry, a notable traitor and a 
" Garetyne."* Oliver Stephenson likewise took Davy Lougher and 
slew eighteen of his men, and M c Thomas of the Decies, a traitor, 
killed two of James M c Shane's sons, of Strongcallye, which was 
taken with John of Desmond, and slew the most part of their men, 
and so from time to time, every day there were brought in from 
them, some days two heads and some days four heads, and other 
some days tea heads, besides sundry others of account, which was 
overthrown by us, till such time as there came a discharge of 500 men 

A Geraldine, i.e. one of the Fitzgeralds. 


out of this proviDce of Munster which was to be spared, which made 
the traitors to stand somewhat at a stay, but within fortnight after 
there came a new discharge of 400 men more, which in my judgment 
was done without any foresight or policy, which made the traitors 
to be at stop, and so with a new oath did unite themselves together 
again, for that they knew there was left in Munster but 400 footmen 
and a few horsemen, and knowing themselves to be able to make 
1,500 or 2,000 footmen besides horsemen, and also, for that it was 
commonly bruited that there was a new Deputy coming over, 
their opinion was, that Her Majesty was weary of the wars, and 
that the new Deputy was to be sent over to make their peace. In 
my opinion if it had rested by the first discharge, and that the 
traitors had been followed by the rest of Her Majesty's forces that 
then remained, surely they would have cut them all to pieces, or 
otherwise have driven them to the sea within three months, if they 
had been sufficiently victualled, which want hath been the one 
cause of the hindrance of the service. Now as well the pretended 
subject, as also the traitors have plucked their hands from the 
plough, and seeks by all means to annoy Her Majesty. Our 
Governor hath been this six weeks at Dublin attending for some 
resolution from my Lord Deputy and your honours, for that he hath 
not forces sufficient to follow the service, being here but 400 men ; 
that is to say, 100 in Cork, 100 in Kilmallock, and 200 in Kerry. 
Notwithstanding our weakness, according to our duty, we rise out 
upon any occasion of service to try our fortune. There hath been 
of late three bickerings between my Lord Roche's sons and the 
traitors, in which my Lord Roche lost two of his sons and sundry 
other of his men slain, and I hope by this falling out, that I shall 
be drawn by them to some service, and I do now attend thereupon. 
Of a long time we have had nothing but bread and drink, and now 
they say our bread will not last above ten days longer. We have 
had this twelve months not above one month's imprest, which is not 
able to supply our wants of brogues only. I shall desire your 
honour for God's cause and also of charity, to think on the misery 
of the poor soldier that lives here. The misery and the dearth 
here is such, of all kinds of victuals and apparel, that the soldier 
might have been better to live heretofore for fourpence a day than 
he is now with twelve pence a day. All our victuals we receive it 
by a rate which comes to threepence halfpenny a day sterling, at 
the least, and in other some victuals at fourpence sterling a day or 
upwards, being rated by Irish rates, and afterwards by the auditor 

xcvi PREFACE. 

is rated sterling, which grows to fivepence sterling a day, in con- 
sideration of an odd penny which is added to the soldier's pay in 
respect of his victualling. Which penny we had been better we 
had never had it,; and when we are in cess upon the town or 
country, the soldier and his boy pays sixpence sterling a day, but 
thanks be to God we are very well eased of that ; so I do esteem 
that the soldier for his victualling and munition, and to maintain 
his furniture he giveth out of his entertainment at the least six- 
pence a day ; so he is driven upon a penny a day to apparel him- 
self, and to relieve himself in his sickness, and to supply all other 
wants which comes to 30s. sterling a year. This I shall desire 
your honour, in whom it is partly to redress this matter, to think 
on the misery of the poor soldier that serveth Her Majesty here, 
who lives in as great misery as any man under the heavens, and 
the honest captain which serveth Her Majesty faithfully and truty, 
I would his pains were half known unto your honour, in following 
of the traitors, and again in keeping of his soldier in true obedi- 
ence, considering their wants, from mutiny and also from flying 
Her Majesty's service. Except ourselves and our officers did bear 
a good hand upon them, we should not in one month have men 
sufficient to Her Majesty, and unless their entertainment be 
amended, it is not possible for the soldier to live in Her Majesty's 
service, considering the misery of the time ; and for my part I 
have not had that respect unto myself as other captains have had, 
but I have served Her Majesty faithfully and truly, with a 
company of men not controllable, and since my coming into this 
land I have supplied their wants out of mine own purse and credit, 
over and above such imprests as I have received, to the sum of 
COOL or 700Z. sterling, and except I do speedily receive such pay 
as is due unto me from Her Majesty, I shall be driven to repair 
into England to sell such poor living as I have, to answer my 
credit, or else I shall fall into a further danger. This much I 
thought good to declare unto your honour of our poor estates 
here, and if I have been too bold or overtedious in anything, I do 
most humbly crave your pardon. From Cork, this 24th of April 

Your Honours' always as duty bindeth, 


Addressed : To the Right Honourable Sir Francis Walsyngham, 
Kiit., one of Her Majesty's Privy Council of England, and Chief 
Secretary to Her Majesty, give these. 


Let us now read what Colonel Zouche says. On the 
5th of May 1582 he wrote to Walsyngham * : 

It may please your honour to be advertised, that since the late 
casshes I have ben hardly dealt with here, one band, that was 
Captain Apslej^'s band in Carbery, being executed by the enemies 
there, and another attempted upon by the rebels in Kerry, Captain 
Achym slain and some others with him, and yet not without loss 
also to the enemies. 

If the casshees had not been, I was in hope to have performed 
some acceptable service to Her Majesty, where now I can no more but 
hazard my poor carcase, which shall be done with effect, according 
to the dutiful zeal and most humble service I owe to her Highness. 
And then you, I truste, and others my good friends there, will 
witness that I have done the part of an honest man. This gentle- 
man, Mr. Butler, late lieutenant to Captain Rawley, desired my 
letters to your honour in his favour. And for that I wish him 
well for his carefulness and good service here, I am therefore 
humbly to beseech you to stand favourable to him, in anything you 
may for him, the rather for my sake. And even so craving of 
God to bless and preserve your honour, for this tyme, I humbly 
take leave. Cork, the 5th of May 1582. 

Your honour's humbly at commandment, 


Postscript. Itt may plese your honor, sence the writing off this 
too understand thatt God hathe blessed me with sum revenge off 
Davy Barry, a hundrid off his company have lost there lives, and 
him selfe hathe scaped very naroly. 

On the 25th of May 1582,t Sir Nicholas White, the 
Master of the Rolls of Ireland, writing to Burghley 
says, that Her Majesty's clement and merciful disposition 
towards her people is the greatest comfort, and that 
Elizabeth is the amor Hibernise above all the princes that 
ever reigned. 

On the 28th of May 1582 Sir Warham Sentleger 
addressed the following letter J to Walsyngham on the 

* P. 364, No. 7. t P. 369, No. 63. 

J P. 373, No. 102. 



expectation of foreign power, and the coming of the 

My duty done unto your Honour, 

A MAN of Mr. Alderman Pullison's departing hence towards the 
Court of England, I may not leave you imadvertised what hath 
happened here since my last advertisement. 

The thirtieth of April last, the Governour here by a draft of John 
Fitz Edmunds of Cloyne, was drawn upon Davy Barry, where he 
had the Idling of three or four score of the said Davy's men, Davy 
himself escaping killing very narrowly. 

The eighth of this month, the said Davy by the advice of some 
that wished better to him than they do to the Queen's Majesty or 
the Commonwealth of this country, came to the Governour as he 
was riding from hence into Kerry, submitting himself upon his 
knees, desiring the Qneen's Majesty's mercy, to whom the Governor, 
after some conference had with him, granted protection to him 
and his followers, both for life and goods till his return out of 
Kerry, which should be a month after, and then he would talk 
further with him touching that matter. 

This protection is greatly disliked of those that have stuck truly 
and faithfully to Her Highness, to see traitors received after they 
have done the worst they could, and brought well near to starving, 
to such grace and favour, and they left remedyless to recover such 
goods as those traitors have injuriously taken from them, a case, 
not offending in my writing, that greatly discourageth those that 
be good and honest, and encourageth the ill disposed to enter into 
rebellion. Would God ! these protections were banished out of 
this realm, and chiefly when they are granted both for life and 
goods. I could wish Her Majesty would rather extend her mercy 
by pardons. For by pardoning she pardoneth but death, and the 
party so pardoned is notwithstanding bound to make restitution, 
as far forth as is in his ability, of such goods as he or they have 
taken from any subjects ; by protection it is clear contrary, and 
therefore not tolerable in any good government. I could write 
more of the inconveniences that groweth thereby, were it not for 
fear to offend, not knowing by what direction these protections 
come. I fear as protection is granted to this lewd imp and 
followers, there will as great an inconvenience ensue as is the 
protection, unless by your Honour and other about the Queen's 
Highness it be prevented. For those that have practised his 

PREFACE. xcix 

submission will likewise practise for his pardon and restitution of 
living, which if Her Majesty yield unto she forgoeth a trench* 
of land, that being well employed wi]l countervail a great part of 
the charges that he and his followers hath put Her Highness unto, 
thus much I hold it my duty to advertise your Honour, referring 
the same to your deep judgment. 

The Baron of Lixnaw is of late fallen into open rebellion, vowing 
himself to the traitor the Earl of Desmond ; before his going out 
he practised treacherously under pretence of friendship to have 
murthered all the soldiers in Kerry, but as God would he missed 
of his vile pretence, killing but Captain Acham and a sixteen or 
twenty soldiers more, the rest retiring themselves into an abbey 
called Ardart where the Governor hath relieved them, the said 
traitor the Baron is come with his bag and baggage and his cattle 
into the Earl of Clancar's country, whose sister [Catherine] he is 
married unto, and hath joined his force with the traitors that be in 
the said Earl's country, not without the good liking, as it is here 
thought, of the said Earl, who I fear in the end will manifest 
himself as hath done the Baron. 

The traitors in those parts, expect daily for the coming of foreign 
power, the traitor the Earl of Desmond remaineth with his force 
in the woods of Arlowe, near to the Butlers' country where he 
committeth great spoils. 

On Tuesday last, the Governor bickered with him in the woods 
of Arlow, where there was killing of both sides, but who had the 
best of that day's work there is as yet no certain advertisements 
come thereof, the skirmish continued long, the shot playing of both 
sides from the morning until it was almost night, the ways be so 
beset with traitors as no messenger dare travel between this 
and Killmallock, and thereby we cutt off from intelligences out of 
those parts. 

It is here given out for certain that Edmond McRuddery, the 
White Knight's son, is likewise joined with the traitors in open 
action, the Seneschal and Patrick Condon remain with their forces 
in the woods of Dromfynon spoiling the county of Waterford, 
repairing, when occasion serveth, to the traitor the Earl to 

Thus having delivered unto your Honor how the state of things 
here standeth I humbly take my leave beseeching you to pardon 

* " Tranche," French, slice. 


me in that I have not ere this sent you the Irish dogs I promised 
you, I will send them by the next that cometh, they are very 
difficult to be gotten by means of this war. From Cork this 28th 
of May 1582. 

Your Honour's to command, 


p.S. As I was sealing up this letter credible advertisements 

came unto me from one Conor Adriscoll [O'Driscol] of the "West 
parts, that there was a Spanish shallop hovering upon the South- 
west coast of this land all this week, which shallop landed certain 
of her men upon an island that standeth in the mouth of Castle- 
haven, where the said Conor Adriscoll dwelleth, which island is a 
marvellous strong place to be fortified, and commandeth the haven ; 
it is an island that the Spaniards meant, when they came hither 
to have fortified. As this shallop went alongst the coast towards 
Spain they came into sundry small creeks inquiring what force 
the rebels were of, as also what forces there was here of English 
men, and what Lords and chieftains of countries were joined with 
the Earl of Desmond, and what their forces were. Assuredly, Sir, 
this shallop was purposely sent to view that island, and to deliver 
letters to be conveyed to the traitors, and to carry back report of 
the traitors' strength. 

The like vessel was sent hither a little before the arrival of the 
Spaniards that came to Smericke. If they mean to fortify this 
island it will be hard winning of it from them, I viewed both 
the haven and the island as I came from Baltimore, where I landed 
at my last coming hither ; assuredly, Sir, it is one of the strongest 
plats of ground that ever I beheld, and commandeth a goodly haven 
which leadeth into the heart of Carbery, a country best replenished 
with corn and cattle that is in Munster ; this shallop having viewed 
the coast along, was seen after six days dalliance upon the coast, 
to and fro, depart a seaboard towards Spain. Thus much I thought 
it my duty to advertise. 

On the same day Justice John Meade wrote* to 
"Walsyngham from Limerick, as follows : 

My humble and most bounden duty to your Honour premised. 

I thought my duty to signify unto you somewhat touching this 
miserable state of Ireland, which God himself hath cursed for their 

* P. 373, No. 103. 


wickedness and unnatural rebellion. First, the Governor Zouche 
having met with David Barry, about the second of May, took all 
his carriages and cattle, and killed thirty of his men. The next 
day following, the said David Barry made mean to the said 
Governour to receive him to Her Majesty's mercy and pardon, who 
came and humbly submitted himself, and was received with 200 
of his people, who did undertake for all them, and put in pledges 
for their good behaviour, and so yet remaineth upon the Governor's 
word and safety. But then soon after the old Baron of Lixnavv, 
in Kerry, did break out with all his people in rebellion, and was 
consenting to the killing of Captain Acheam with some of his men 
in Kerry, which the Governour understanding, he made his repair 
presently thither about the 10th of May, came back to Aharlagh 
where the rebel Desmond is, and there had skirmish and some 
slaughter made upon the said Desmond, and great preys brought 
out of the wood, and so returned to Limerick, and from thence 
back again to Kerry pursuing of that rebel Baron of Lixnaw. The 
said rebels being dispersed and severed unto several forces, within 
several counties, the Governor had but one company to follow them 
since the last discharge of the soldiers, whereby the rebels did 
multiply and grew stronger, but now having added unto him 200 
soldiers from Dublin, viz, Captain Deering and the Treasurer's 
bands, with the force that was here in Munster afore, that is to say, 
Captain DowdalTs band, and Captain Barkley's hundred, which 
Captain Barkley hath his pay charged upon Carbery, parcel of the 
county of Cork, and also the bands of horsemen and footmen 
allowed to the Governor himself, he meaneth to divide those bands 
and make several companies to encounter those several factions of 
rebels, which I hope will the sooner make an end of the rebellion. 
If reason could not persuade these wicked and most detestable 
traitors, from this unnatural rebellion and disorder, yet the harms 
and losses, which they see daily light upon the inhabitants and 
people of Ireland, should make them to forsake their wicked 
action and submit themselves, and cry for mercy ; for besides Her 
Highness' sword which (of my credit) hath despatched a thousand 
of them every way, that is to say, a number slain in the field, 
some executed by martial law, and many by due order and trial 
of the Common Law, God also by his justice have drawn a two 
edged sword, one edge that brought extreme famine and the other 
that brought murrain and sudden death, such as have provision 
and victuals io keep themselves, they are .suddenly taken away by 


that strange sickness which no physician can cure, a manifest token 
of God's wrath upon all the nation. The famine also, the other 
edge, have not left the tenth man alive throughout all the land If 
all the rest of the rebels were received to mercy, truly there are 
not sufficient left alive to manure the hundredth part of the land. 
Also there is a further token of God's wrath, for there is not one 
woman dead of the new sickness, against forty men that suddenly 
dieth, God grant that we may love and fear Him, that these 
plagues may be speedily removed and ceased, that the people may 
understand their duties to their Prince and Sovereign, and send 
your Honour prosperous and happy success in all your proceedings. 
Beseeching your Honour to pardon my tediousness. From Limerick 
the 28th of May 1582. I most humbly crave your Honour to help 
my son, the bearer, to his exhibition of my fee and entertainment. 
Here is no money to be received, as I have formerly written unto 
you, and have sent you the Treasurer here's letters to that effect. 
Your Honour's most bounden to command, 


Addressed: To the Right Honourable Sir Francis Walsyngham, 
Knight, Chief [Secretary] to the Queen's Majesty [and one] of Her 
Highness' Privy Council in England. 

Indorsed : From Justice Mead. 

On the 10th of October 1582* the Lords Justices and 
Council wrote to the Privy Council of the likelihood of 
foreign invasion, and forwarded the following information 
by "William Lyon, Bishop of Ross, in Carbery, to the Lords 
Justices, of his knowledge of the deplorable state of 

The Bishop of " Rosse Carbery " to the Lords Justices touching 
the present state of Munster. 

1. First. Where it is reported that there is in Munster, in pay, 
about 1,000 soldiers, horsemen and footmen, and in wards; I am 
certainly informed by those ot credit, and by the common voice of 
the country, and partly I have seen myself, that there is not many 
above 500 men of the 1,000, for except the two last bands that 
were sent thither, namely, Mr. Treasurer's and Mr. Norreys's, 
which are much decayed by sickness, the rest contain not half 
their numbers of serviceable men. 

* P. 404, No. 10. ii. 

PREFACE. ciii 

2. And as concerning Carbery, wherein I am placed by Her 
Majesty, they bear the charge of 100 footmen and 12 horsemen, 
for which the country find themselves sore grieved, and like to 
breed further mischief if it be not prevented, and they eased of the 
soldiers. And albeit that they pay that charges unto the soldiers > 
yet in the beginning of September last, preys were carried out of 
the country, and divers of the people slain, the soldiers then lying 
in Cork, and having lien there since my coming into the country ; 
and there is not of the 112 above fifty, as I am informed by 
the citizens. The time that they covenanted to bear the soldier's 
charges cometh out at Allhallowtide next. Therefore I would 
desire your Lordships to have consideration thereof, and that they 
may be eased of the soldiers, otherwise by the common bruit of 
the country, they are like to do as the rest, for they cannot brook 
the great oppression that is done upon them. 

3. Also the Earl [of Desmond] is very strong, he and his [ac] 
complices are about 2,000 fighting men, by true report of those 
which know, and have been present with him and his company, 
and is like to increase moe in number, except God prevent the 
same, in directing your Honours to have consideration of the poor 
country, and that with speed, for thus they are divided : the Earl 
and the Baron of Lixnaw are in Kerry, with their forces very near 
1000 men, by report ; Patrick Condon and his company are in 
the borders of my Lord Roche's country, reaping the subjects' corn 
and carrying it into the woods quietly, and lie is in number of 
footmen and horsemen 300 and odd ; Tone Boy Reagh,* and 
Donough McCormock are upon the borders of Aharlow, reaping 
likewise the corn, and carrying it into the woods,f and are by 
report above 300 men. 

The Seneschal, he is with his compan}^ in the Decies, and hath 
reaped the corn there, and also in Imokilly, and carried it into the 
woods. For proof whereof Sir Warhame Sentleger's man returning 
from Dublin, and coming through Imokilly, passed through the 
rebels as they were reaping the subjects' corn, (he thinking them 
subjects till he was passed them, and then understood they were 
rebels). The Seneschal is in number 200, footmen, picked kern, 
and expert fellows, sixty shot, and twenty-four horsemen. And 

* i.e. Gerald M'Thomas of Conuelo. 

f For what they did with it in the woods see p. iv. of preface to the 
former volume. 


since my coming into the country, about the beginning of August 
last, they have preyed the county of Waterford twice, even to the 
Passage. Again the Seneschal said, that the Earl and his company 
would not accept of the Prince's mercy, because he had passed his 
promise to the Pope* and the King of Spain, to be at their direc- 
tion, and that they likewise had promised him that he should have 
aid .from them f before the beginning of Lent next, which if at 
that time they did fail him, then he would seek for the Prince's 
mercy, otherwise not. And this I myself heard of them which 
spake with the Senschal. Further, he said, that there was embarked 
at Smerwick, in a Spanish hull, as practisers of this feat, one Pursell, 
nominated the Bishop of Killaloe, from the Pope, Patrick Fitzmau- 
rice, and one Cacye,J the Chancellor of Limerick, and brother to 
the Bishop there, | with sixteen moe in their company, and these 
were sent to work this mischief from the Earl, and upon this the 
Earl stayeth for their return. And also, there was sent over afore 
upon half a year since to the Pope, one Brigyn, nominated by him 
Bishop of Rosse in Carbery, a great practiser of this mischief. All 
this was the SeneshaTs own confession, and is proved by others to 
be true. 

4. Moreover, for the disorder of the soldiers amongst the people 
which breedeth great hatred to our nation, and not without cause. 
This I can report of myself, for the time that I lay in Cork, being 
there a Commissioner as unworthy for the Province, the soldiers 
that lie there (certain of Captain Barkley's and certain of Captain 
Smith's companies), with others, have horse boys, which go out into 
the country for the compass of three or four miles, and fetch in horse 
loads of corn of the poor people day by day, they having no other 
sustenance to relieve them and their families, than their little corn, 
about which they have taken great pains and travel, and if they come 
to rescue it from the horse boys, they fall upon them and beat them 
and cut them in the heads, most lamentable to see. Then come 
they and complain to the Mayor of the city, and show him their 

* Gregory XIII. 

f They sent it after his death, see p. 491, 41. I., and p. 524, 70, I. 

| Donoghow Casshie. 

William Casey, Rector of Kilcornan, bishop in 1551 to 1556, and 
1571 till he died in 1591. 

I Marginal note on the MS. says, " This Cacie is not gone, but one 
Lacey, brother to the last Bishop." That is Hugh Lacy, bishop from 
1556, Dec. 6, to 1571, when he resigned. 


hurts. His answer is this, " You must have patience, for I can 
" not remedy it," and it is true indeed, for they esteem no more 
of the Mayor than a man will do of his horse boy, and their words 
are these to the Mayor, and _the best of the town, " Ye are but 
" beggars, rascals, and traitors, and I am a soldier and a gentle- 
" man." And also I have seen the poor people come with their 
heads cut before Sir Warhame Sentleger, Knight, and myself com- 
plaining of their grief, but the soldiers have conveyed them- 
selves and their boys out of the way, for they are lawless, and I 
think in conscience (speaking it with grief of heart), amongst the 
heathen there is no such wicked soldiers. This I speak, for I have 
been conversant amongst them these three years, and except God 
stir you up to execute justice, and to see these disorders reformed, 
God will stir up and strengthen the hand of the enemy, to the 
utter overthrow of true and faithful subjects. 

5. Furthermore, I would wish that your Lordships should have 
respect unto those that profess themselves subjects, that he that 
deserveth to be well recompensed accordingly, to him that useth 
himself otherwise, to use your Honour's discretion, for I am not 
thoroughly acquainted in those parts yet, but I trust hereafter 
better to understand the state of the country, and then, God 
willing, according to my bounden duty and calling, with your Lord- 
ships' assistance, I will first seek the honour of God, next employ 
myself to the reformation of that miserable country, and inform 
your Honours of the same from time to time. 

I hope God hath his people there, for I find them to be reform- 
able. So it was when I was there about the 10th of September 
last ; there was a prey taken from a town of one Galway's, which 
standeth upon the river side, a mile from Cork ; the Seneschal 
came through Davy Barry's country with sixty footmen, and six- 
teen horsemen, as one of the Seneschal's men confessed, which was 
then taken, brought and examined before Sir Warehain Sentleger, 
Justice Myaghe, and me. And the Seneschal came over at a ford 
in Sir Cormack's* country, two miles above Cork, and returned 
with the prey the same way again, through both their countries. 
And I heard Davy Barry confess before Sir Warhame Sentleger 
and Justice Myaghe, that he knew they were come into the country 
at eight of the clock over night, and no messenger came from him of 
this news till eight of the clock in the next morning, he himself 

* Sir Cormac M'Teige M'Carthy, of the Blarney, at the time Sheriff 
of the county of Cork. 


lying at Barry's Court, six miles from Cork. The Mayor of Cork 
issued out at two of the clock in the morning, with a seven score foot- 
men and a five or six horsemen, and by the break of the day was 
three or four miles from Cork, thinking to have met the Seneschal, 
and to have recovered the prey before he had gotten his fastness, 
but the Mayor, making more haste than the Seneschal, overwent 
him so the Senescchal past with the prey, between the Mayor and 
the 'town into his fastness. And the Mayor returning home came 
so near unto the Seneschal, that some of their companies spake 
together ; but the Mayor wanting horsemen, and the other so near 
his fastness, could not prevail. Then came Davy Barry, riding on 
a hackney, having never a man with him but himself, and like- 
wise Sir Cormock. The consideration whereof I leave to your 


6. And furthermore, I am informed that those which have charge 
of soldiers, being horsemen, thay make their horseboys horsemen, 
to fill up their number, but especially to fill up their purses, which 
is a great hindrance to the service, and dishonour to the Prince. 
When there is a show of men in the field there is but boys, which 
turn their backs, and cause the good soldier, by their frailty, to be 


7. Lastly, I think in conscience, that the cess is the continuance 
and increase of this rebellion ; it is so great and so grievous, the 
people being so poor, and the country so waste. Thus craving 
pardon of your Honours for my boldness, having too many 
witnesses of these things of them which feel them, and would 
avouch it if they durst ; doing this, God is my witness, without 
respect of malice to any man, but of conscience to God, and my 
bounden duty to my Prince and country, I humbly take my 
leave of your Honours, with my daily prayers for your Lordships' 
preservation in the fear of the Lord. From my chamber in Dublin, 

the 9th of October, 1582. 


Indorsed : The Bishop of Carbery's report of the state of 

And also the following extract * from the postill of the 
Lords Justices and Council to the 7th Article of the 
Bishop of Hosse in Carbery's report of the state of Munster. 

7. As the cess is in most places grievous and to be pitied, so is 

* P. 404, No. 10. m. 

PREFACE. evil 

it not general * in Munster, for except the barony of Carbery 
only, and somewhat in Sir Cormock's country, we suppose the 
rest of all Munster is either utterly waste and unable to bear, 
or so freighted with rebels as they withstand the soldier that 
demandeth it. 

To remedy this, a good composition is to be wished both there 
and here in the Pale, and the soldiers' wages to be increased, 
without which we think it impossible both to provide for the 
soldier to live, and to ease the country. 

Signed by Loftus, Wallop, and Waterhous. 

On the 4th of June 1583 * Wallop gives the following 
well-merited praise to the young O'Reilly, and shows with 
what fostering care anything like civility and labour, was 
cherished by the warlike spirits who were deputed to the 
task of governing Ireland in those times. 

Ryght honorable, this berer, Jhon Orelye, sone and heyre to the 
late Sir Hugh Oreyle, beyinge nowe determyned to do his dyvvtye 
to Her Majestic, hopying thereby the rather to obtayne his father's 
place, whereunto in respecte off his honest trade off lyffe, he ys 
most worthye off any man, for althowgh he lyve in an Iryshe 
contrye, yet hathe he allwayes mayntayned himselfe very cyvyllye 
lyvethe of his owne landes and industrye after the Inglyshe maner, 
spekyth the Inglyshe tonge, maytayneth no theves nor idell men 
abought him, nor hathe at any tyme resevyd or mayntayned any 
rebelles. In respecte whereoff, and the rather to incorrage others of 
his sorte to do the lyke, I humbly beseche your Honor, ffor my 
sake, to furder him what you maye for the obtaynynge off his 
desyer. Honest lyffe ys so rare a thinge in these savage people, 
as when yt ys founde in any specyall man of accompt amongst 
them, yf reward ffollowe not, there wylbe fewe or none hereafter 
that wyll imytate the same, but followe there owne barberus maner 
in oppressynge all that lyve under them, robbynge all that dwell 
nere them, and maytayne none but theves and idell kern abought 
them, to the oppressyon of all poore men that laber ffor their 

On the same dayf Sir Edward Waterhous commended 
the same O'Reilly as follows : 

It male please your Honour, this bearer John Oreighlie fering 

* P. 450, No. 64. t p - 450 > N O. 66. 


that his undo and competitor in the captenrio of tho Hrony, s 
provaill against him in Mu^land. l>y hi- ai-vnt.-. Micro, hath besought 
lew* of the State hoero to ropairo to 11 or Majesty's presence, to 
nltowo his right, us tho oldest of his iwmo, Icgitimatlio horno. and 
tho eldest sonne of the last Oreighlie. And thinkith that by her 
Majesty's letter sent hothor in his behalf, abought tho xith yore 
of hor raijn, ho ought, to bo successor to his fathor, but having 
desired my tostomony of him to your Honour. 1 do justlio and 
trowlio oomond hym for this, not only nbovo ony Oivighlio, but 
abovo all tho Irislioof hvland, that -sinoo that graw showed him 
(Vow Hor Majo,sty, (nor 1 think in all his loif bofoiv), ho eixnnot bo 
chared, (.hat otluM- h> or ony of his followers, havo taken from 
ony subjoot (ho worth of a groto, but whon (\>uuissiouors have 
onlonnl twenty thousand pounds to the Tale from his other 
kinsmen, this man and all hi.s, havo bone untouched. He hath 
bone a builder, a planter, and a sower of the orth, and having u 
groat part of the oountory, hath notwithstanding kept his people 
trom disorder ; depending uppon Hor Majesty and the benefit of 
her graunt, whorin J say no more- then hath bone attirmcd at tlio 
eounsoll (nble, (os(i(od by the Knglishe bonlo^t^, and not denied 
by his advorsaryovs. And so having discharged n\y oonsoience, I 
Uko leave. At. Oublin (ho iiyth of .lune 1A8S. 

Your honour's most boundon, 


|/>H/wJ. % l To the Right Honourable Sir Fraunoos Walsingham 
Knight, | Her) M,-\j<^ IVinoijKill Secvt,-vry, [an]d of Hir Highm\s 
Privye Counmll, 

On tho 18th of Juno 1583, Wallop wroto to Wolsyng- 
hnnx* : 

The loosi* nen of every Province have a continual expectation 
of the return of the fugitive rebels, as the Viscount of ttaltinglaa, 
tho bivthor of the Karon of IVlvin. Kdmund Kustmv, and .laines 
Eitiiuaurioe'a son. That Kdmund should bring forcos out of 
Scotland, and that the ivst should return with gi\\\t multitudes 
out. of Sj>am. To itiw^ise t.his opinion, there be fow oitirons in 
this realm s>> well artWteil, but when they trade in their 
worohandixos into the King of Spam's dominions, they show 
themselves there ap^vivnt idolatvix anil at their return tliev 

No 85. 

I'UI'.KAt'K. fix 

.i\e forth of tho {'real, credit which the fugitives have in those 
parts, how they have continual access to tho King, that they aro 
countenanced by tho greatest in tho court, and Mint, in this great 

armada 10. 000 sol. lien; arc assigned to (lie Ms.sistM.Mco of the 
i 'atholics hero (i.<\ Ireland). 

On tlio 18th of Juno 1588 tho Earl of Ormond wrote* 
to the Privy Council as follows : 

May il please your most Honourable good Lordships lo ho advor- 
n cd, (hat since tho de.spaleh ul'my servant Toig MVarthy, there WW0 
twenty-one of tho tow traitors that remained abroad, put to tho 
sword and taken. Tho Sonosclwl of linokilly, l>ointf tho cliicf man 
ofservit-'Mimon^ UICIM, came !> me llt Mill of this month, and 
Hiibmittod himsolf most humbly (< Her Majesty's moiry, craving 
Her Ili^lnuWs pardon. Thin <lay tho Hrowns who woro of special 
h-iisl \\ilh I he Karl in all rebellions, came hither unto mo to submit 
themselves to Her Majv!\ niere\. ..> a. Iheie reinaineth none 
al)i % oad but the Karl with a very few rascal, whom I can scant hoar 
of, yet doth ho continue his formor suit to havo conference with 
mo, as your Lordship may perooive by tho copy of his letter -which 
I send heroin. l!od of his goodness hath so prospered I lei- 
Majesty's service here, as a very low men may travel over all this 
proxiiie.- without an\ j'.real tlan-^'r. The CoMnle;;:! of Desmond, 
being protected for some considerations, utterly forsook tho benefit 
( hereof, and hath put herself simply to Her Majesty's mercy. This 
day I march towards Kerry and will advertise to your Lordships of 

all that shall pass till my return Cashd, Lsth Juno, 


Your good Lordships' humbly to command. 


^(/(/yv.s'.sv,/ ; To the liight Honourable my very good Lords, 
my Lords of Her Majesty's most Honourable Privy Council, in 
haste, haste. 

Ormond inclosed tho following! from Desmond to 


Groat is my grief when I think how heavily Her Majesty 
is bent to disfavour me, and Imwheit I carry tho name of an 

P. 452, No. 87. f I 1 . 4fl2, No. 87. 1. 


undutiful subject, yet God knoweth that my heart and mind are 
always most lowly inclined to serve my most loving Prince. So 
it may please Her Highness to remove Her heavy displeasure from 
me, as I may not condemn myself of disloyalty to Her Majesty, 
so cannot I excuse my faults, but must confess that I have incurred 
Her Majesty's indignation ; yet when the cause and means which 
were found and devised to make me commit folly shall be known 
to Her Highness, I rest in assured hope that Her most gracious 
Majesty will both think of me as my heart deserveth, and also of 
those who wrong me into undutifulness, as their cunning devises 
meriteth. From my heart I am sorry that folly, bad counsel, 
slights, or any other thing hath made me to forget my duty, and 
therefore I am most desirous to have conference with your Lord- 
ship, to the end that I may open and declare unto you how 
tyrannously I was used, humbly craving that you will vouchsafe 
to appoint some place and time, where and when I may attend 
upon your Honour, and then I doubt not to make it apparent how 
dutiful a mind I carry, how faithfully I have at mine own charges 
served Her Majesty before I was proclaimed, hovr sorry I am for 
my offences, and how faithfully I am affected ever hereafter to 
serve Her Majesty. And so I commit your Lordship to God. This 
5th of June 1583. 


Indorsed: 5th June 1583. Copy of Desmond's letter to the 
Earl of Ormond. Entered. 

On the 10th of September 1583* Ormond was anxious 
to prove his loyalty and service, and wrote to Burghley 
vindicating himself from the aspersions of Sir Warham 
Sentleger, inclosing at the same time a schedulef of 

The NAMES of such PRINCIPAL LEADERS of companies as were 
executed, and put to the sword, in Munster, since the Lord 
General's } last government, besides a great number of their 
followers. By note and name about 400. 

William Grane, son to MacBiyene O'Gonaghe. 

Kinedy MacBiyene, his brother. 

Theobald Hacket, an old traitor of thirty years continuance. 

Henry Fitz Gerald, base brother to the Viscount Denies. 

* P. 467, No. 68. f P. 468, No. 68. n. J Ormond. 



Gibboii Ro Fitz Gerald, heire of the Greate Wodd. 
A Capten of Galloglas of the MacShihies in his company. 
The Deane of Brohil's thre sonnes.* 

One of the chefe of the Connours of Kiery that was at the killing 
of Mr. Davels. 

Therlesf recevour Nicholas Fitz William's son. 
John Grace, son to the old traitour Piers Grace. 
Gerald M'Gibbon, kinesman to the White Knight .f 
Robert Power of the County of Waterford. 
The Seniscial's son, a stripling. 
Piers Keaghe O'Hediene. 
Edmond Prindergast Fitz John. 

Gibbon Ro, a ny w (new) recevour made by Therle [of Desmond]. 
Edmund Fitz Thomas Fitz John Butler. 
Rory M'Thomas MacCraghe. 
David Freny. 
Eustace Croke. 
Fynyn Eskye. 
John O'Moylin. 

James MacGeralt Duf Marshall. 
Rory Moyle MacConegan, Capten of Galloglas. 
Mac Thomas, his nephew, who claimed to be M'Thomas. 
Morishe Wale and James Wale. 
Willam O'Magher's two sonnes. 
Indorsed : Sept. 1583. 

The following warning of Spanish invasion intended 
against Ireland, was sent hy the Mayor and Recorder of 
Limerick to Ormond : 


About three of the o'clock this afternoon here arrived an 
English bark of Plymouth, freighted and laden by John Stackpell 
and Nicholas Nangill of this city, merchants, they departed Lisbon 
the 27th of July last. We have examined them. They tell that 
two days before they departed, there came one of James Eustace's | 
servants with letters to the Governor of Portugal, an^d to provide 

* See p. 443, No. 41. f Desmond. 

| See p. 443, No. 39. P. 468, No, 68. in. 

|| Viscount Baltinglas. 

cx ii PREFACE. 

a lodging in Lisbon for his master and for three Irish Bishops, viz. : 
for Conoghour O'Mulrian, pretended Bishop of Killalo, Conoghour 
O'Buil, pretended Bishop of Limerick, Philip Fitz Thomas, pretended 
Bishop of Ossory. The said merchants of Limerick's host in Lisbon, 
Anthony Rebere, told them that upon the return of King Philip's 
army from Terceiras, being 200 sails, they will all come with the 
said James and bishops to this land pretending to " conquest " this 
whole land. One Kichard Arthour, priest, born in Limerick and 
dwelling in Lisbon did affirm the selfsame. It was reported in 
Lisbon that the Terceiras were won. King Philip kept his Court 
at Madrid then. There is a great army prepared at Biscay. All 
which we thought good to certify your Honour. And so with the 
humble remembrance of our duties we take our leave. Limerick, 
the first of September 1583. 

JOHN STREICHE, Mayor Limericensis. 


Mr. Morrin, in his Calendar* of the Patent Rolls in 
Ireland, has called attention to the trial hy combat, in the 
inner court of Dublin Castle, between Conor M'Cormac 
0' Conor and Teige M'Gilpatrick 0' Conor, we have here 
the full accountf of it written from the Lords Justices to 
the Privy Council. 

On the 15th October 1583 $ Sir Nicholas White, the 
Master of the Holls, wrote to Burghley : 

Neither do I know what right is done to me in the matter of the 
Conors, but I have done my best to abate their pride among them- 
selves ; and Teige being now the survivor hath taken a farm to 
settle upon, with the good favour of the Lords Justices. The reasons 
that moved his brother Brian not to answer the combat demanded, 
and promised in his absence, be these, which I send your Lordship, 
as he himself alleged. 

The reasons of Brian M'Gillpatrick O' Conor for not 
answering the combat, translated into English : 

When I, Brian M'Gillpatrick, did hear how Morrough Ni Cogg 

* Vol. II., Preface, p. xxxvii. 

f P. 468, No. 69. See also Cox's History of Ireland, vol. I., p. 368. 

J P. 473, No. 20. P. 473, No. 20. i. 

PREFACE. cxiii 

triumphed at Dublin within the castle walls the last day, I could 
not but laugh at him, as a man readiest to fight with those that he 
knew were furthest off from him ; and although he doubts not how 
trial had heretofore of both our manhoods, may sufficiently witness, 
how little cause I have to fear him. Nevertheless, lest Morrough's 
vanity (which as I hear is very insolent) might make some suspect 
me, I am desirous it might be made known unto the world what 
grounds and reasons I have to stay, which are these : 

First, Morrough's challenge was made in mine absence, which 
was accepted by my brother without my consent, at whose com- 
mandment though I protest myself ready to perform any reasonable 
action, yet am I not bound, either by the law of arms or nature, at 
his appointment to answer this combat, seeing the quarrel and the 
conditions are to be considered by myself, and not by any attorney, 
because they touch me nearest in life and honour. 

Secondly, Morrough is but of the basest followers of my name, 
and I being one of the chiefest leaders of them, esteem myself at 
a far more value than to be hazarded against a man of so mean 

Thirdly, I and mine are protected, so as during that time we are 
to live within the compass of law, which I know cannot be if 
(whilst my brother is hurt) I absent myself (himself), leaving a 
sort of disordered people to their own liberties, who, without one 
to restrain them, would burst out into many kinds of mischief. 
And, therefore, being bound to the State by my protection to live 
dutiful, I am to prefer so high a bond of my honour afore any other 
challenge whatsoever, especially in a private quarrel. 

Fourthly, my brother and I being men that have offended many, 
I think it may not stand with our safeties to present ourselves, both 
at once, in places where we know we want no enemies, imagining 
that some of the lightest sort would give attempts to mischief us 
both together, which to one alone they durst not offer, in respect of 
his revenge that then were absent. 

Notwithstanding, when rny brother is whole of his wounds, and 
able to take the charge of his men, if it shall please the Lords 
Justices to call Morrough and me face to face, that I may know 
upon what ground and quarrel I am to fight, I will then make it 
openly known how little able that vain boaster is to stand in my 
hands, who at the very sound of my name was wont to trot over 
whole countries. 


cx iv PREFACE. 

Here is a letter* of Sir John Perrot, with his plat for 
maintaining 1,100 good soldiers in Ulster, he wishes to 
have 50,0002. a year for three years. King James insti- 
tuted the order of baronets in 1611 with somewhat similar 

Sir. It may please you. By my last from Dunluce I wrote unto 
you not only the state of things as then they stood, referring you to 
understand the further success by this despatch hence, as things 
should fall out afterwards, but also showed mine opinion in all 
those things, wherein most friendly and gravely you advised me. 
I know how careless and incredulous you are there, and how loth 
to enter into matters of charge, and I " humelie " thank you for so 
well warning me of it. But warning will hardly stay me, where 
I see cause to go on. And therefore being drawn before my 
time into the North, I have endeavoured to make your adage 
good, which is "to win the North is to reform the rest of 
" Ireland." 

Leaving all other men's opinions for the effecting thereof, I have 
taken, or rather am by this occasion led to take, the easiest way, 
the least chargeable, or rather the most beneficial, and withal the 
most charitable. For what force in former times could not achieve, 
now lenity and good usage, countenanced with force, I hope hath 
accomplished, so it be followed and maintained. 

The usual complaints hence (excepting these late extraordinary 
rebellions) have been against the Northern attempts, for the 
encountering whereof the " providenst "f and sparingest governor 
that hath been here hath accustomed to lay a garrison at least of 
200 footmen and 50 horsemen, which to defend only, have by 
their pay and victualling stood the Queen in near 4,000?. a year 
sterling. But now, as shall appear unto you by my letters to your 
Honours generally, Her Majesty shall have for 2,7501. a year 900 
good soldiers maintained in the heart and bowels of Ulster, not to 
defend only as heretofore, but to offend and suppress too, if need 

Things brought to such a forwardness would, and I doubt not 
shall be laboured to effect, as far as you can work it. For you see 
hereby the Irishman is bridled for his own good. The Scot is shut 

* P. 530, No. 22. f >., most provident. 


out, the Englishman is received in his place, and Her Majesty's 
forces increased. 

I love not to write too much of mine own doings, though I dare 
deal more liberally with you than with any other, and I suppose 
you shall hear more from some other, if there be any so well dis- 
posed. Nevertheless, I say thus much: that where I meant to 
leave the North to his due season, I have now by this occasion 
dealt so roundly as within five weeks, and I believe with as little 
charges as any man might with such a company, I have done that 
that hath not been achieved at any time. 

For besides that I have so abated the courage of the Scot, that I 
believe well he will have small list to return again awhile, I have 
put such a pique between him and the natives of that country, as they 
will not willingly bear his yoke any more, and in respect thereof 
the rather have accepted the defence of Englishmen, whereof hath 
proceeded this composition, so beneficial a piece of service for Her 
Majesty, as I know your wisdom can consider. 

The hardest of this, as of all other innovations, is at the first. 
Yet a beginning must be ; and if I may well winter it, I nothing 
doubt of the continuance, which maketh me most carefully to regard 
the well-doing of the garrison under Mr. Carleill* and Sir Harry 
Bagenall, in whose sufficiencies I repose greatly ; and the next 
summer, if I may have maintenance, pinnaces, as you wrote, and a 
warrant to visit the Out Isles (if I see cause), I hope with God's 
assistance to establish this that is begun with the paring off of some 
Scots' heads. 

But if Her Majesty may be brought to accord to my motion, in 
my general letters to your Honours, for 50,000?. a year these three 
next years, which I protest I do not desire to make any gain of, or 
wittingly to suffer any other to make any, but only for to do that 
good here, that I know you desire I should do ; then I trust in 
God to perform no less than I write in these general letters, which 
will perfect up the work, establish this universal tranquility, con- 
firm the surety of this State, and bring Her Majesty such a profit a 
I may better leave you to conceive, than presume to write of. A 
man that means to have a sound house to dwell in, will spend the 
first year in casting plots, laying foundations and provision of 
tuff, the next in building, and the third he will enjoy it ; I have 
not been yet half a year about the erection of the good of this 

* Walsyngham's son-in-law. 

h 2 

cxv i PREFACE. 

State, yet you see a plot cast, a foundation laid, and some stuff 
provided, and if you will have me build indeed, you must maintain 
me, and let me have that I lack, according to my motions, whereof 
in consultation and otherwise I humbly pray your furtherance, 
wherein I greatly repose ; and so leave off this matter for this time 
lest I be too tedious to you, closing it with this one request, that in 
so great a cause, you will procure speedy answer. 

I wrote heretofore at large to my Lord Treasurer and you, for 
the conversion of St. Patrick's to good uses, the church to the law, 
and the living towards the erection of two universities ; there is no 
man can gainsay it with reason, and if any will impugn it for 
private lucre, I do not think him worthy to be heard. We have 
besides it in the heart of this city Christ's Church, which is a 
sufficient cathedral ; so as St. Patrick's is superfluous, except it be 
to maintain a few bad singers, to satisfy the covetous humours of 
some that eat up most of the revenue of that church, and to main- 
tain the superstition of some as much, or more, devoted to 
St. Patrick's name than to Christ's ; I pray you therefore, further 
my motion, and help me to leave behind me some monument of a 
favourer of learning, and a furtherer of so great a good to this 
miserable State. 

I send now over, to Her Majesty the Earl of Clanricard's son and 
heir, the young Lord of Dunkellin, and also O'Rourke's son and 
heir, both which I have taken as pledges. They are pretty, quick 
boys, and would with good education, I hope, be made good members 
of Christ and this Commonwealth, and therefore, I humbly pray you 
to procure that some care may be had of them, and their parents 
shall bear most of their charge. 

I have for news to send you that Mr. Rawligh hath written a 
letter unto me in the favour of Anthony D erring. And for a token 
I have sent you Holy Columkill's cross, a god of great veneration 
with Surle Boy and all Ulster, for so great was his grace, as happy 
he thought himself that could get a kiss of the said cross. I send 
him unto you, that when you have made some sacrifice to him, 
according to the disposition you bear to idolatry, you may, if you 
please, bestow him upon my good Lady Walsingham or my Lady 
Sidney, to wear as a jewel of weight and bigness, and not of price 
and goodness, upon some solemn feast or triumph day at the 

You have written unto me divers letters in the favour of sundry 
men, but not given me any special note whom I should pleasure 


soonest, being desirous to do anything I may as you shall require. 
Amongst others you write, as commanded by Her Majesty, for one 
Ralf Bos well, Avhose service was not long here, nor of great desert, 
being but a gentleman in Mr. Zouche's band, so as, I marvel how 
he aspireth to a thing, that may be a recompence for a man of 
special place and service. The lands he desireth is nine plough 
lands at least, and every plough land is six score acres of arable, as 
many of pasture, and as many of wood and moor, which cometh to 
near 3,000 acres of Irish measure, which is about 4,000 or 5,000 of 
English, and all very good ground, upon the Shannon and very 
well wooded. Being so good a thing, as I would you had such 
another within three miles of London, upon the condition I gave 
5001. towards it, in respect of the honour I bear you. 

I have apprehended three priests of late, notorious practising 
Papists. By their apprehension, and upon the examination of 
them and some others, there is a great nest of massmongers dis- 
covered, with whom I mean to deal shortly as is meet with such 
kind of men. 

I will conclude with mine own cause in the Star Chamber 
against Phillips, for riotous pulling down and burning of my pale, 
wherein I have formerly written so fully and so largely unto you, 
as I shall not need to trouble you any further therewith, but to 
put you in mind that it will be heard the 30th of this month. I 
trust you shall have such proofs produced, as will yield you matter 
enough to frame your sentence to the furtherance of my credit, so 
as I take no lack there by my service here, which will best appear 
by the deep cessing of the fine, my recompence, and charges. And 
so with my humble commendations to yourself and my good 
ladies, I take my humble leave. From the Castle of Dublin, the 
20th of October 1584. 

Yours assuredly bounden ever to command, 


Addressed : To the flight Honourable Sir Francis Walsingham, 
Knight, Her Majesty's Principal Secretary at the Court. 

On the 20th of October 1584 Shane O'Neill's two sons, 
Hugh and Art, wrote to Deputy Perrot as follows* : 

Our most humble duty promised unto your honourable good 
Lordship, we shall heartily pray your Honour not to receive 

* P. 531, No. ?o. 


the evil report of backbiters upon us, until your Honour first 
prove our undutifulness, and we sent our complaint and our whole 
mind unto your Honour by your gentleman, Mr. Lambard, and 
do say that O'Neill do wrong us extremely, by your strength and 
authority, he was not only content to banish us out of our country 
unto strange lands, when we were young and impotent, but will 
do the like now when we are in a perfecter age than we were ; 
and he keeps our lands in other men's hands which be worse than 
we, and ought to serve us ; and the rest of our lands be waste ; 
and we think ourselves that he can leave nothing to our charge 
that should offend your Lordship, but that we took Mr. Lambart, 
and when he was taken your protection came not to us ; and to 
prove that to be true, as soon as we received the protection and 
we were informed by the Baron O'Neill and the Dean of Armagh 
that your Lordship was offended for his taking, and you would 
have him to be at liberty, we sent him unto your Honour that you 
may perceive, that we never intend to do anything that shall be 
against your Lordship's pleasure ; and we humbly pray your 
Lordship, for our innocency and the good service we intend to do 
unto your Lordship, as Mr. Lambart may testify of our mind, that 
you will prove us, that you will not receive backbiter's ill report 
upon us. If your good Lordship be so gracious to us as to grant 
the same, we shall pray your Honour to write to O'Neill, to give us 
such portion of our lands as we shall demand of him, which he may 
lawfully grant, and we will pay all lawful duties out of the same 
unto your Lordship and him, as we ought to do ; and whatsoever 
your Honour will appoint us to pay, commit the declaration of the 
same to the Baron of Dungenen and the Dean of Armagh, other 
else to Mr. Marshall and the Dean, or else if you will have the 
matter to be determined by commissioners, appoint Mr. Marshall and 
the Dean for the same. If your Lordship be not content to do this 
at our request, we will find no fault with your Lordship, but with 
O'Neill ; and if O'Neill will not take your counsel in the premises, 
we humbly pray your Lordship to pull your help from him, and 
let us deal with him to get our right of him ; and if it should 
please your gracious Lordship to enlarge that poor pledge that 
O'Neill delivered unto you, which is not a pledge upon him nor 
upon any other, and to enlarge him, to yourself, he and we will 
serve you truly and faithfully during our lives ; and if your Lord- 
ship do not so, as long as please the Queen's grace and you to keep 
him at liberty or in captivity, we will not be offended with you. 

PREFACE. cxix 

And we shall humbly pray your Lordship, that we may have right 
in all other things, that we may be able the better to serve Her 
Majesty and your Lordship ; and so humbly we take our leave. 
Mentirrewlin, the 20th of October 1584. 

The Queen's Majesty's obedient subjects, and at your Lordship's 
commandment ready, 



Addressed : To the Right Honourable and our very good Lord 
Sir John Perrot, Knight, and Lord Deputy General of Ireland. 

The cruel feelings engendered by the custom of tanistry, 
and the state of things incident to it and similar customs, 
are exhibited in the fact, that Tyrone could not be on the 
high way to his great expectations, without earnestly 
petitioning for the execution of his two near kinsmen. 
Alas ! it was not only Tudors who could not bear their 
cousins to live. 

About June 1585 Henry Hoveden petitioned* the Lords 
and other of Her Majesty's Privy Council at London, in 
the behalf of his lord and master Hugh O'Neill, Earl of 
Tyrone; that, secondly, his Lordship craveth that the 
traitor Shane O'Neill's two sons (Henry and Con), that 
are in the castle of Dublin, may reap the due reward of 
their father's and their own deserts, and that accordingly 
there may be direction sent unto the Lord Deputy to end 
them; because, so soon as Henry O'Neill was once at 
liberty, he went into Scotland and procured a great army 
to come after him into Ulster, which had so fallen out but 
that he was taken, and after long imprisonment delivered 
to the Lord Deputy that now is. His Lordship craveth 
the same the rather because they do but wait a time to 
escape, which if they can compass they will disturb all 
Ulster. Moreover their followers, who hope so long as 
the said parties are alive, that they will break loose at 

* P. 570, No. 53. 


some time or other, are lets unto the Earl, for bringing 
the country to such civility as his Lordship would. And, 
to conclude, the said traitor's sons being alive do give 
cause of mutiny to their followers, and they being at 
liberty would disquiet all Ulster. 

The following extracts of the Lord Deputy's despatch of 
of 4th December 1584* to Burghley are important. They 
show how the Irish custom of tanistry was changed for 
English tenure, and how the 50 kine were taken from Sir 
G. Aylmer and carried in daylight with a fife to the 
mountains : 

In my last of the 16th of the last month, I wrote 
to your Lordship how I was in hand with the Oreighlies, having 
all the five chief septs then with me, to dissolve their Irish tanistry, 
and to reduce them to English tenures, a matter of that importance 
that your Lordship knoweth, and I then wrote, and long desired to 
be accomplished. It is now brought to pass with much ado. Sir 
John hath surrendered the whole ; and I have divided the same 
into four parts, allotting unto him the chiefest, and reserving to the 
Queen, a rent of 230 beives yearly, a chief horse, three goshawks, 
and a rising out for all services in Ireland, of 40 horsemen and 
60 shot for 40 days ; a matter of no small increase of revenue to 
Her Majesty. But I cannot pass unto them any assurance back 
again under the Great Seal for want of warrant, yet have for the 
time satisfied them by indentures betwixt me, the council, and 
them. I humbly pray your Lordship, to be a mean that Her 
Majesty's warrant may be sent with speed, to pass unto them and 
others upon the like case of surrenders, states in fee simple, to them 
and their heirs general, since they, and all others, do utterly refuse 
to accept any states to them and their heirs male. For I am in 
hope to draw Orwirk, and all the lords of the north, by their example 
to the like conformity, whereof what liklihood there is, I refer your 
Lordship to understand by Orwirk's letters, which I send now to 

Mr. Secretary The state of things every where in this 

realm is generally well and quiet, without any great stealths or bod- 
raghes [borderages] to speak of, considering the season. A spoil of 

* P. 540, No. 9. 

PREFACE. cxxi 

a 50 kine and other things, was taken by daylight a fortnight past, 
from the town of one Gerald Elmer, and the same carried with a pipe 
to the mountain. But Feagh M'Hugh, by Sir Harry Harington's 
direction, followed it so well in his own country, that he not only 
recovered and restored it home again wholly, but also sent me 
the heads of three of the malefactors, and the piper and another of 
the chief doers alive, which have been since executed ; and appre- 
hended his own son and others, whom he hath ready, and will send 
to me. Your Lordship perhaps will marvel to hear that Feagh is 
such a prosecutor of theft, and will think it a great change that the 
O'Conors are ready to do good service ; and the O'Moores having put 
in pledges do live without doing harm. In Munster only one of the 
Burkes is abroad in Harloe Woods with a 20 or 30 swords. 

The following letter* to Walsyngham, well relates what 
difficulties the victuallers found in supplying Coleraine, 
and describes the height of the billow raised by the " ocean 
sea," [the Atlantic], 

Pleaseth yt your Honnor. The shippes, whiche by my laste unto 
the same, I signified to be fraughted at Chester and on the coaste of 
Wales, with victualls to be transported to Carrigfergus and Colrane, 
sett forward on their jorney the 14 of the laste monneth, and 
metinge at sea withe verrie stormye wether weare disparced. The 
smaler barcks recovered the Holliheade for their succor ; and the 
shippe of Chester of 80 toniis kepte the sea, and came before Carrig- 
fergus, where she indured the force of that rough weather 2 daies, 
and then made sayle towards Colrane in good safetie, only there is 
missing a barck, belonging to one named Wm. Cristian, which was 
fraughted with corne and other victualls at Chester to go to Carrig- 
fergus, for the victualling of the guarrison there, and this barcke ys 
reported to be driven into the north parts of England, with which 
cooste he ys well acquainted ; so that there ys apparance of good 
success in all things, speciallie in the procedings of Her Majestie's 
forces, who prevaile daillie in the bannyshment of the Scotts ; 
yett of thes things I thought yt my duteie to signifie unto your 
Honnour, with desire hereafter to advoide the wyiiter victlinge 
northwards (namelie of Colrane), where there is no haven or 
harborow, to succor any barck above 1 4 tonn, but are constrayned 
to lye at sea in open roodes with their victualls, where the ocean 

* P. 546, No. 11. 


sea raiseth such a billow as cann hardlie be indured by the greatest 
shipps. And skante once in 1 4 daies thos winter seas will suffer 
any smale vessell to laye the shippes aboarde, to unlaide the 
victualls. Besides the Queene is now charged with the fraught 
of 60 tonns in breade and beere, which 20 tonn of corne wolde 
supplie, to be converted into breade and beere, by usinge baking 
and brewing at Colrane. In my laste declaracion sent unto your 
Honnour of the yssue of monney, I omytted 100?. and od, by me 
disburced by the Lord Deputie's warrant and commandment, in 
the provicion of fries, brooges and stockings, provided for the 
apparrelling of 300 soldiers in guarrison at Colrane, together with 
the sea charges, viz., the victlinge of the Queue's shippes called the 
Handemayde for 6 weekes, the Accates for 6 weekes, a shippe of 
Newcastell called the barcke Roo for 2 monneths, with a shippe 
and a pynnace of Capten Carlells, for 2 monneths emploied 
northwards, mensibus August and September 1584,, amounting 
to 300?. and odd. By thes extraordenaries, and by the ordenarie 
victling of the nombers in Her Majestie's paie, with the provicionns 
of saulted beef, hearings, and such like, for the season ensuing, the 
hoole treasure laste sente hither, ys disburced with the laste of this 
monneth. And albeit the Lord Deputie hath an intente to pro- 
secute some good meanes shortelie for the easinge of Hir Majestie's 
charge in victuallinge, yett in the meane tyme the hoole guarrisonns 
in Hir Majestie's p'aye heere, dependeth onelie on Hir Majestie's 
allowances for provicions and preparacions of stoore, for their 
victlinge, so farr as I am constrained to signifie unto your Honnour, 
that an imprest for victlinge ys nowe more nedefull to be sente 
hither, then any other imprest for growing charges, wherof some 
parte is to be lefte at Chester, becaus I do supplie the guarrisonns 
in the northe with better pennywoorths from Chester, then I cann 
fynde in any other place ; and there is now no occasion to have 
any further provicions made and sente hither from Bristowe, inso- 
much the guarrisonns in Monster are decreased, as I formerlie 
signified unto your Honour. I most humblie praie for the longe 
continewannce of your Honour's health. Written at Dublyne, the 
5 of Januarie 1584. 

Your Honnour's humble servant, 

Sir William Stanley wrote * to Sir Henry Bagenall of 

* P. 547, No. 29. n. 

PREFACE. cxxiii 

his wounds in three places in the encounter with the Scots, 
he and Captain Carleill, Sir Erancis "Walsyngham's son-in- 
law, weakened of twenty-four men that are slain and hurt 
in this last skirmish. 


THE day I wrote to you last, beinge the 1st of this month, 
by Shane M'Bryan, I marched from the Lough to the Abbay of 
Banymargey, where I found Captain Carlelle and aboute 47 men 
of his and Captayne Waren's horsmen. The horsmen were loged 
in the church, and with owre two companyes we incamped neare 
the same ; and when Captayne Bowen's company came, we cawsed 
them to loge at the Fort of Donananye. It was Captain Carlelle's 
wach nyght ; aboute 1 1 of the clok the same night, came sertayne 
troupes of Skottes on foot, and about vi. horsmen with them 
who had upon theire staves wadds lyghted, wherwith they sodaynly 
sett the roufe of the church, beinge thatched, on fyer. They gave 
us a brave canvasado,* and entered oure camp. The alar me beinge 
geven, I came forth in my shert ; and at oure first incounter my 
men answerynge with me very gallantly ; we put them of the 
grownd, where they left one of their men, that was emongest 
them of great accompt ; he was Sorlle's gydon.f They wold fayne 
have had him away, but they were so plyed with shott, that they 
left him and the feld allso, and fell to ronnynge away ; where oure 
horsmen myght have done good servis, but they were so pestered 
in the church, that they could not gett forth their horses in tyme 
to doo any thinge, and yett the skermysh contenewed three 
quarters of an ower. Ther wer bornt in the church seven hors 
and hakneyes. I had slayne, my sergent and one armed man, 
William Jones ; Captayne Carlelle had one killed and eight hurt ; 
and I had 12 choys men hurt, and myself in thre placis with 
arowes, in the raynes of my bak [as] I calld forward my men, in 
the arme, and into the flank, and through the thygh ; of which 
woundes I am very sore, allthough I trust in God I shall recover it. 
There passed within the vewe of this place this day 24 galleys 
owt of Canty er, as is supposed to land som Skotts aboute the Ked 
Bay ; owre shipping heare had the sight of them, but it was so 

* Sic, for camisado. 

f Donno Reoughe Maccaughtpen was Sorle's giddon, and was slain in 
the Glennondone the 13th November. 

cxx iv PEEFACE. 

calme they could not bouge. Oure victualls be not yet all landed, 
we have great trouble with the caryage of it up, and small help of 
the contrey. There are sertaynly looked for heare 2,500 Skottes, 
and it is thought those galleyes wille land them this nyght, therfore 
cure apoynted metinge cann not hold ; but I pray you intrench 
yourselfes strongly, and so wille we, to keepe this place till we 
heare other newes, or till my Lord Deputy com, to whom I have 
wretten* to that end. 

We have sent for Capt. Bangor [and] Capt. Meryman to com 
hyther, and for Capt. Parker's company to come to Coollrane to 
kepe that place. I find the companyes heare very weke, partly by 
meanes of leavinge many wardes ; ther is one ward at Coollrane, 
another in the castell on th'other syde the Band, and Captayne 
Bowen hath xv. men wher he lyeth, and nyne in the ward at Don- 
anany ; so that he hath not heare above thre skore in the camp ; 
and this last skirmysh hath wekened me and Capt. Carlelle of 24 
men that are slayne and hurt ; and for our horsmen we cann 
make no accompt of them, for there horses and forneture beinge 
bornt, they are able to do littell servis. 

I have taken of the purser of the Hare vi. horsmen's staves for 
Leutenant Smyth, because thers are bornt ; I pray you be not 
displesed with him for leving them. I pray you hasten away our 
proporsion of victualls, for I loke for no help of the contrey. And 
so with my hartiest comendacions to yourself and all the good 
company with you, I take leve. At the Fort of Donanany, this 
5th of Janewary 1584. 

Your very loving cozen, 


Addressed : To the Right Worshipful my verey loving Cozen Sir 
Henry Bagnall, Knight. 

On the 7tli of January 1585, Sir Henry Bagenall wrote* 
to Perrot of the skirmish with Donnell Gorme M'Donnell, 
and enclosed his cousin's letter. 

Eight Honourable my very good Lord. Maye yt please youre 
Lordship to be advertized, that upon the 30 of this moneth both 
Sir William Stanley and I arrived at Glannarme, wher he stayed 
with me tyll the arry.vall of his victuells at Donnamynie, and 

* Md. This letter is miscarrid, for it never com at my lo. 
f P. 547, No. 29. i. 

PREFACE. cxxv 

marched by night throghe the Brad to the Rowte, as his enclosed 
letter doth import, upon Thursday the vii. of this instant we 
apoynted on eyther syd to invad the enemye, and so to have mett in 
Glannymye. In the mean we wer not idle, for upon Snndaye last 
I sallied furth with my companyes towardes certeyne glyrines neer 
us wher the enemy, namely, Donell Gorme and his crete, then 
lodged ; in my retorn, having not shewed themselves afore, they 
chardged me hotly e in a pace where I had the chase of them, and 
put them to flight, and broght som of their heads awaye, and hurt 
others ; of our sid only on soldier of Mr. Sentlyger's was slay en, 
and ane other of Mr. Threasurer's a lytle hurt. What befell to my 
cozen Stanley on the other syd I need not to recyt, thenclosed letter 
wyll declare. Sir William Stanley in his letter maketh mention 
of the galleys that wer seen, and trew it is, that they arryved at 
Bonandonnye upon Twisdaye last at night, with Angus M'Conell, 
all his bretherne, and Sorley Boye, with all the force they cold 
bringe. The very certeynty of theire numbers yett I know not 
perfectlye, but as report is 2,000, so as by this meanes our former 
intention and plott to have mett is altered, and I also enforced 
to retyre hither for saeffgard of this towne and creates of the 
contrey, which I will gard to the most anoyanee of the enemy, 
that I maye, tyll I heare further from your Honour. They wer all 
determyned isterdaye to have broken downe hitherward to burne 
this towne. and afterward to have had the spoyle of all Sir Con 
M'Neyl Og's contrey ; for the Rowt they mak reconing to be there 
owne at all tymes, upon which advertisment I thoght good to hasten 
to stopp that purpose the best I cold. They heering that I had so 
prevented them at this tyrue turned ther corse to the Rowt, ther 
to break there forraye ; but howe they have sped yett we cannot 
knowe. When they com hither, as I. am most sure they will very 
shortlye, I wil cary myself as neer as I can in that sort, that I maye 
doe Her Majesty most honour and service, and, as my match maye 
be but somwhat reasonable or indifferent, till I heer or see from 
your Lordship, which I assure myself shalbe with all convenient 
expedition, and as I have often heertofor, so I must nowe of force 
acquaynt your Lordship playnly with the weakness of the other 
company of horsmen, which your Lordship directed to serve with 
me, and now I can but wish that they wer stronger tyll your 
Lordship maye amend it. 

I have written to my father, to hasten hither M'Gynnes and the 
Baron with their forces, tyll your Lordship's pleasure be knowen. 

cxxv i PREFACE. 

In the mean I wyll not further treble you, but praye the Almighty 
long to prosper you. From Carrickfergus, this 7th of January 


Your Lordship's all at comaundment, 


Postscripts This I must saye by the waye to your Lordship, 
that their ayd cam to them in highe tyme, for I wold have had 
no doubt but (by our plott) in on moneth we had banished them 
from their glinnes, but now I heer that many horsmen of the 
Kowt and Ocahan's contrey are come to Sorley. 

In the midst of her manifold anxieties the Queen 
thought right sometimes to give way to pleasure and to 
keep up Christmas merrily. In the following letter,* how- 
ever, "Walsyngham shows that she had her grandfather's 
quality of holding and hoarding very largely developed, 
and that she would not dispose of the escheated lands 
before the survey. 


I HAVE not answered any of your letters that I have 
received since your going into Munster, partly because I staid 
for some news of your service in the survey, and partly because 
I thought that after Sir Lucas Dillon's despatch, I should have 
more certainty to write of touching all Irish business. 

Now touching such points of your letters as require any answer. 
First, for the sending over of treasure, by reason of my absence 
from the court, which hath been almost this month about my 
cure, I could not further it with such earnest solicitation as I 
wished, notwithstanding I left it in charge to Mr. Nicasius, one of 
the clerks of the signet, among other matters wherein he hath sped 
as in the rest, Her Majesty having all this Christmas time given but 
deaf ears to business, yet I hope through such importunity as I will 
cause to [be] used, to procure that some shall be sent by the end 
of February next. In the meantime there hath been 6,OOOZ. issued 
towards the payment of divers debts demanded here by suitors 
of that country, not by favour that they found from me or any 
man else in furthering their suit, but only by plain importunity 
used by the parties themselves all this half year past, not suffering 
Her Majesty to rest until they had obtained satisfaction, which 

* P. 550, No. 53. 

PREFACE. cxxvii 

Her Majesty hath said, shall be the last that she will yield unto 
for any Irish debts. And for her own part, I have always found 
Her Highness of that mind, that all charges grown in Ireland 
should be answered in Ireland, but yet there have oeen colours 
found by some others to make it seem reasonable that consideration 
should be had of suitors coming over, which I will not fail to do 
mine endeavour to hinder as I have been always willing, and though 
I have been a means for some payments, yet it hath been for 
small sums, and such as I have very earnestly [been] pressed to 
by the parties interested, which I will altogether hereafter forbear. 
And touching the payments made upon warrants of the auditor's 
hand only, if it were in my power to stay them you should have 
no cause to complain, but by reason that my Lord Treasurer taketh 
upon him the disposition of such treasure as is issued here, I can- 
not amend that which I think you have reason to mislike, and 
know not how it may be hoi pen, but by suit unto my Lord 
Treasurer, or by some order to be taken with the auditor, that 
he do not allow hereafter of any accounts without your privity. 

I have not been made acquainted, by my Lord Treasurer with 
the advice you wrote unto me you have delivered in some of your 
letters to him, touching the way to re-people Munster with inhabi- 
tants, and the course you think good to be held with the traitors 
yet living. 

But perceiving the grounds thereof I find your opinions probable. 
For the one, that the best way to draw men into Munster is, for 
Her Majesty to grant such estates in the escheated lands as may 
encourage men of ability to go over from hence to inhabit there, . 
who may be able to sustain the charges of the first planting, and 
tarry for their gain till after some years, for if the lands shall be 
otherwise disposed, upon such as shall not be so qualified, they 
will farm out the, same to the natives of the country, who will 
not manure them, but in such idle manner as hath been used 
before, whereby there will not redound, neither to the country 
that strength, nor to Her Majesty that commodity, that otherwise 
might be made. And for the other point, I think it reasonable 
that though it hath pleased Her Majesty of her gracious inclina- 
tion, to pardon the late rebels now living of their lives, and to 
restore them to their lands, yet they should be punished by some 
enhancement of rent and other services, that they may be bound 
unto, whereof I have written my mind unto the Lord Deputy, 
advising him to take that course with them. 

cxxviii PEEFACE. 

Touching the survey of the escheated lands in Munster, I do 
verily think that none of those that have been made heretofore, 
have been performed with like sincerity and sound meaning, 
towards Her Majesty's profit, for I know that some of the former 
have been made to serve rather private men's turns than the 
advantage of the Grown. And yet my Lord Treasurer told me 
that he did marvel, that by the notes you had sent him touching 
the survey, the escheated lands were riot reputed above 4,000 1, 
which he had thought would have amounted to 10,OOOZ. at the least. 
And touching the disposition of the said lands, which you wish 
may not be until the survey have been seen, Her Majesty's 
meaning is, both not to dispose of them before, and afterwards to 
make no other states, than such as shall [be] thought meet by the 
Lord Deputy and the rest of the Council, and recommended hither 
by them. 

Touching the regalities used by [the Earl of Ormond] in his 
liberties, and the appropriation of escheated lands to his own use, 
I do mean to deal with Her Majesty, presently upon my return 
to the court, to take some such order therein as may be most for 
her own benefit. But the time will not be fit to speak of it, until 
Sir Lucas Dillon shall be departed from hence, because it will be 
thought that such directions as shall be sent over in that behalf, hath 


been by his procurement, whereby lie should incur the displeasure 
of [the Earl of Ormond's] friends, not only in Ireland but also 
here. And for the commission you wish to be granted for the 
discovery of [that Earl], it will be hard to obtain any such thing 
against him, by reason of his credit and alliance on this side. And 
though I know Her Majesty have but a doubtful opinion of him, 
yet the Lord Treasurer holdeth him in very good liking. 

Lastly, touching your own particular request for the fee farm, 
I must advise you to make means to the Lord Deputy, to allow 
thereof and recommend it hither, for that, as I have written before, 
it is fully resolved that no grant of lands shall be made there 
but with his consent, which as I doubt not you shall be able to 
obtain of him, so may you assure yourself of my best endeavour 
to despatch that which shall rest to be done on this side. In the 
meantime all that I can do, is to stay that no grant be made 
thereof to any other, but that they be reserved to your use, which 
I will not fail to have care of. And so, &c. 

Indorsed : Minute to Sir Henry Wallop. 


The following letter* from Secretary Fenton to Secre- 
tary "Walsyngham is of great interest, showing how the 
English forces in Ulster sped. 


THE Scottes that late vexed Ulster are no we so skattered, 
that the more parte are retorned to Cantyer with Agnus M'Connell, 
and the residue that remeyne with Surley Boye and Donnell 
Gorum, are so curbed and weakened by the garrisons, as the power 
to doe further harme is taken from them, onlesse there come a new 
re-enforcement from Scotland, which male be feared, for that yt is 
possible to be ; and yet in this poynte there maie be a convenyent 
prevencion used, not onlie for this tyme but for hereafter, yf Her 
Majestie would lett ronne by waye of pencyon some fewe crownes 
amoungest the chieftaines of Cantyer, who nowe beinge in faction 
amoungest themselves, the opportunytie serveth aptlie for one syde 
to be assured to Her Majestie. Yf they might ey ther be contynewed 
in divisyon or that Her Majestie stoode sewer of one parte, I see 
not bowe the disturbaunce of Ulster should receive further lief or 
spyrite from the Scottes, as in other tymes hath happened, speciallie 
Oneyll and all the other pottentates beinge so well reduced as they 
are, and still hould good and firme the condicions passed betwene 
Her Majestie and them at the Lo. Deputie's late beinge there, 
which in troathe was a worke, wherein his Lo. hath well deserved 
thanks and comendacion, howe so ever things are expounded there, 
for the pottentates being knitt by that composicion to Her Majestie, 
and standinge fast ever since, without any lyttle ioate of swarvinge 
to the prejudice of the service, in that doinge was wrought the first 
passaige and degree to the expulsyon of the Scottes, and con- 
sequentlie to the bringinge back of that province to Englishe 
government. The other partes of the realme stand in good frame 
and quietness, and so are lyke to contynewe, onlesse some storme 
blowe from Spayne and retorne hoame some of the fugitives of this 
countrey, that lye there to solycite new vexacions. Since Her 
Majestie's tyme the state of Ireland was not in all partes more 
peaceable, nor in appearance better purged from their olde evill 
affections, that God be paised for yt, who is the author of peace, 
and delyteth in peace. I am bolde to give your Honor this short 
note of the present estate heare, humblie referringe you to be more 

* P. 5o5, No. 21. 


lardgelie enformed by the Lo. Deputie, who I dowte not writeth 
more fullie of all thinges. The eternall God contynewe your 
Honor in health of mynde and bodie, to the compforte of those 
that depend uppon you. At Dublin, the vijth of March 1584. 
Your honour's most humblie to command, 


Here is a letter* from Secretary Walsyngham to Lord 
Deputy Perrot, with the arguments used by the Queen for 
the discharge of the Earl of Ormond's 100 horse, and the 
rebuke administered to Perrot, for granting the office of 
Clerk of the Check to his kinsman, instead of to one whom, 
as he had previously known, Her Majesty had wished it to 
be given. 

After my harty commendations to your L. This letter is onely 
to accompany the two enclosed from Hir Majesty, the one for the 
discharge of the Earl of Ormonde's band of a 100 horse, wherein, 
though I did labor with Hir Majesty, not to have discharged the 
whole band, but onely fifty horse, yet wold not Hir Highness be 
removed from hir resolution, alleaging that the said Earl had 
heretofore told hir, that the maintenance of nomberes of horsemen 
and footemen in Ireland, saving in tymes of necessity, was but a 
burden to the country, and of no great use for hir sendee, and 
besides that she conceaved that his band, consisting onely of the 
inhabitants of that country birth, might for pay be levyed at anie 
tyme uppon occasion of seruice, and therefore needed not to be 
mainteyned with a continewall entertaignment ; for these reasons 
Hir Majesty is resolved to have it, the sayd band, discharged though 
I did advise the contrary, and could wish for his Lordship's sake, 
who is a nobleman that both hath don good service, and is able to 
doe when he shall be employed, that Hir Majesty might have been 
pleased to deale otherwise with him. The other letter is touching 
the Clark of the Check's office, uppon report brought hither by 
some private letters out of Ireland, that your Lordship had 
bestowed the same uppon Mr. Wyllyams, your kinssman, which 
coming to Hir Majesty's eare, she found it somewhat strange, that 
seing your Lordship knew before your going over her inclination 
toward Captayn Errington, you wold dispose thereof contrary to 
hir meaning ; and though she dothe acknowledge .that it was in 

* P. 535, No. 22. 

PREFACE. cxxxi 

your gyfte, yet she thought it reasonable that so much respect should 
be had to hir, as sometyme sooche offices as are in a subject's gyfte, 
deryved from a Queene herself, should be disposed according to her 
pleasure, as oftentymes it falleth out in lyke cases in this realme, in 
matters that are in the gyft of the Lord Chauncellor, the Lord 
Treasurer, and others by their patents, which notwithstanding are 
bestowed immediately by Her Majesty upon such as it pleaseth her 
to make choice of. The worthynes of the gentleman maketh 
her the earnester in the case. And yet dothe she here good report 
of your L. kynseman, Mr. Wyllyames.* 

The following spirited letterf of the venerable Arch- 
bishop Loffcus to Burghley, must have caused him immense 
anxiety to write ; he fights manfully for the maintenance 
of the revenues of his church and pastoral charge, and 
declares that if he should not be listened to it will be best 
for him, being old and not suffered longer to do good, to 
avoid the present evil, and to resign the bishoprick with all 
duty and humility. He has given orders unto Mr. Bancroft, 
the bearer, to attend upon Burghley for this cause ; this 
Bancroft, the Prebendary of St. Patrick's, was afterwards 
Chancellor of the University of Oxford, and was the chief 
director of the present authorized translation of the Bible. 
He was made Archbishop of Canterbury in 1604. 

It may please your Lordship. Uppon the returne hether of the 
Archdecon of Dublin, with reporte of his successe in the humble 
sute, exhibited in the behalfe of the churche of St. Patrick's, I did 
not only finde the gracious resolution that was set downe there, by 
the Lords and others of Hir Majesty's Privie Counsell, but the 
espetiall favour shewed by your Lordship so honorablie and con- 
scionablie, as deservethe the perpetuall prayers of my brethren and 
me. The same resolucion (tending to this end) that nothing shold 
be done in the dissolution of the church without a conference 
"betwene my Lord Deputie and me (and a consent in me as I take 
it), is nowe brought over, as I heare, by Sir Lucas Dillon, but is not 
hetherto, nether I thinke shalbe, imparted to me by his Lordship. 
I knowe, my good Lord, that nothing but zeale and care of the 

The italic is in Walsyngham's hand, f p - 555 > No. 27. 

i 2 

oxxxii PREFACE. 

comon good, doth carrye my Lord Deputie into that setled purpose, 
to alter the auncient institucion, into such an alteracion (as he 
conceaveth) to be more beneficiall to the common welthe, by 
establishinge publique lectures, in severall studies and sciences, 
which if yt might be, without overthrowing the great for the lesse, 
or with the expence and diminishing of myne owne pryvat, with- 
out the ruyne, in manner of all the professors of divinitie in the 
land, I would never stand against his Lordship (whom I honor 
and love) in a cause that hathe so good apparance for the publique 
welth. But this, my good Lord, is the case, my church standeth not 
uppon temporalities as all churches in England doe, but every 
dignitie and every prebend is a parsonage with cure of soules, 
saving only a litle deameasne lands in the contrey for the deane 
and the chaunter. No impropriation belonging to all St. Patrick's. 
But the deane, the two archdecons, chaunter, threasourer, and pre- 
bendaries, all persons without vicars endowed, all devines or ought 
to be, for so the fundacion requireth. The church of Christchurch 
nether hath, nor is able to maynetayne, one preacher. Then, my 
Lord, behold the state of this wretched countrey : in all the whole 
realme there is not one preacher (three busshops excepted, of whom 
twoo were preferred out of this church), but onelye in St. Patrick's. 
These preachers must be removed, and as it were banished, in hope 
that twentie yeares hence, some devines may spring out of a lecture 
to be instituted in the intended colledg. In the meane season 
the severall cures of the incumbents of this church, must be left to 
unlearned stipendaryes. The archbishoppricke must nether have 
archdecon to visite (for Christchurche hath none), nether hath he 
one church in the realme whereunto to present a learned man ; a 
perpetuall indignitie to all my successors, archbusshops, which since 
the conquest have bene all Englishmen (one only excepted), and 
all in more then ordinary credite here with their soveraignes. 
IS owe your Lordship, in all godly wised ome, loking into these things 
may see my estate. Ether I must contend with him, whom I 
highlie esteme and ought in all dutifull love to obey, or ells I must 
neglect my pastorall chargd, or leave myselfe to all my successors a 
perpetuall blott and infamy, that the indowments of the churche, 
founded by noble princes, and contynued in so many ages, should 
determyne in my tyme, and a present ill to growe upon an hope of 
future good. I might saye scholes are provided for, in evry countye 
here. Oxford and Cambridg are not farr of, all under one dominion, 
but this will not, satisfye. 

PREFACE. cxxxiii 

Therfore, my deare Lord, I conclude that yf Hir Majestie, by hir 
pryvat letters, do not expreslye forbid this dissolution to be talked 
of in Parliament, I forsee (as things are like to be wrought) the ruyne 
both of this see and of this church, with a generall discontentment 
of the people, Hir Majestie having never given any like example : 
and therfore, yf that letter may not, by your onely favour be pro- 
cured, yt shalbe best for me (being olde and not suffered longer to 
do good) to advoyde the present evill, and to resigne the busshopricke, 
with all duetye and humilitie, to one more worthie, that can frame 
reason for the time, which is utterlie my purpose, with your Lord- 
ship's good advice and favour, whereuppon I depend more then 
uppon any world! ie man. 

I have given order unto Mr. Bancroft, the bearer hereof, and one 
of the prebendaries of my church, not onely to deliver these letters 
unto your Lordship, but also to attend uppon you for this cause, in 
such sorte and for such tyme, as yt shall please you to command 
him. And so with my humble prayers for you, do committ you to 
the blessing of God. From St. Sepulchre's, the xviiith of Marche 

Your Lordship's humblie at comaundment, 


On the 8th of April* Sir Henry "Wallop wrote to 
Walsyngham : " And nowe for anser to your memoryalls, 
" I am ryght sorye to understand that the sharpe humors f 
" that raygne there greve you so nere as they doo, 
" knowynge assuredly you have deservyd better, and 
" therefore the clerenes of your owne consyence the 
" assuredest defence, you have over often felte off those 
" shouers, whereby the better acquaynted howe to pas 
" them over. Whyle you remayne in the place where 
" you do, and solycyt for the actyon of the Lowe Contrye, 
" I fere those sharpe humors wyll rather increse then 
" demynyshe. God graunt yt faull owt otherwayse, and 
" send you your harte's desyer." 

In the same letter Wallop sent the reasons}: why he 
would not willingly meddle with the government of 

* P. 559, No. 8. | viz -> of the Queen. J P. 559, No. 8. i. 


Ireland. He would rather undertake it alone than jointly 
with Loftus, who when they were last joined as colleagues, 
chiefly sought his own profit and the pleasuring of his 
friends, which are many in respect of the matches made 
and to be made with his children. Besides by nature he 
is and always hath been inconstant, and oftentimes 
passionate, and now will haply be higher minded than 
formerly, in respect of the countenance he hath had there 
against the Lord Deputy [Perrot] ; " he ys a very good 
" precher and petye he ys not imployed only therein." 

On the 26th of April Robert Legge, who had been 
fifteen years in Mr. Fanshaw's office in the Exchequer in 
London, wrote* to "Walsyngham : " At my first coming, 
" notwithstanding finding the same office (viz. the Queen's 
" Remembrancer's) so far out of order, I began to take 
" upon me by my endeavour to make it handsome, and bring 
" it to the form of an office, which before lay too bad, with 
" the records dispersed here and there, so that with great 
" pains, yet at length, I have sorted all Her Majesty's 
" records and books, placed them [in] order, and made an 
" inventory thereof." 

Here is a letterf of Archbishop Long to "Walsyngham, 
giving a glowing account of the conversion of Owen 
O'Hart, Bishop of Achonry, whom the Lord Deputy Perrot 
had committed to him to confer with. 

My dutye premised unto your Honnour. Maye it please the same 
to be advertised, that sence my last letters, I have observed manny 
occurrents in this lande not unnecessarye to be imparted unto your 
Honnour, whome I have allwaies perceyved to have a mooste con- 
scionable care of the goverment thereof. 

The Lorde Deputie by his contynwall care, hath so reduced the 
remote parts of this realme to the settlinge of Her Majesty's 
goverment, that the first tast thereof semethe to be so saverye 
unto them, that there maye be a conceaved hoap (if there be not 

* P. 561, No. 23. f P. 566, No. 7. 

PREFACE, cxxxv 

blocks laid athwart his goverment) that that wilbe perfected 
which wilbe mooste honnourable to Her Majestie and mooste 
certaine to the lande. 

The Scots are driven to an unaccustomed flight, and some of the 
best sorte of them cut short, so that the North by a vigilant 
furnishinge of the garrizons there placed, with great ease of 
chardge to Her Majestie, begineth to shewe itself desirous to 
accknowleadge their olde follye, and the chief there (as of all other 
partes of the realme) have come even to the Castle of Dublin, 
stripped of their Irishe weades, and apparelled with Englishe 
atteyre, cravinge the winge of Her Majesty's goverment to over- 
shadowe them, arid to surrender whatsoever they have, and to 
resume the same againe of Her Majesty. 

His Honnour imployed me into the Breny in commission, where 
never cessions was holden before. I founde suche apparaunce to 
aunswer to la we, suche reddines to cutt of ill members, suche desire 
of contynwaunce of the same, suche feare least it should be but 
like a storme for a tyme, such harkenynge to the woorde preatched, 
by them that could understand, and by the others imitating them, 
thoughe they understod nothinge, as I wished hartely that mannye 
in the Englishe Pale (nearer goverment) had like harts and like 
zeale. If the division had in the Brenye, were generally putt in 
execution in this lande, I thincke it were a moost happye course. 

Three especiall things were expected, and labored earnestlye by 
the Lord Deputy in this Parliament ; ffirst, to establishe religion 
and to staye the overgrowing of darnell in the Lord's feelde ; 
secondlye, to have a certaine and sure profitt to growe, to the ease 
of Her Majesty's chardge, and the better quiet of her subjects ; 
lastlye, to terefye accessaries, the very chiefest seminaries of all 
thefts and treasons. In theis three poincts he hathe been so 
crossed, by a factiouse combinacion, that I feare me, wee maye 
with weepinge eyes and bleadinge harts saye the psalme " Deus 
" repulisti nos." 

It is to be feared, that the overthwart dealinge of some trustinge 
more to their owne witts then carefullye lookinge to their dutye, 
bothe to God and their Prince, have layed suche an exampell of 
contempt afore the Irishrie here (in obedient sorte assembled), 
that unlesse his Honnour with his accustomed wysdome salve it, it 
maye easlye breake out into a moost myserable scare. 

Owen O'Hart, Bisshopp of Achamore, alias Achadensis, com- 
mitted unto me by his Lordship, to be conferred with, who was at 


the counsell of Trent, is brought by the Lord's good direction 
to accknowJeadge his blindnes, to prosterat himself before Her 
Majestic, whome he afore agreede to accurse, in religion, so 
perswaded as I doubt not of great goodnes to insue by his means, 
he hathe renounced his busshopricke, and no doubt (voyd of all 
temporisirige) is throughlie perswaded that the man of synne sittethe 
in Home, under pretence of the seat of God ; and I assure your 
Honnour, if wee used not this people more for gaine then for con- 
science, here would the Lorde's worcke be mightiely preferred ; I 
once writte it to your Honnour and do yett persever, that unles we 
bridle the Court of Faculties, all laboure is lost in religion. 

I protest unto your Honnour, whome for conscience 1 have 
allwaies reverenced, that it would make anny Christian hart to 
blead, to see God's cause in this country pleaded, and I have 
wished rather then all the livinge I have, that I had but one twoe 
howres' conference with your Honnour, in whome I make all my 
dependaunce, and which by all meanes I laboure to bringe to passe. 

Theis things have I brieflye left to your honnourable considera- 
cion, desiringe the Almightie to continue your zealous care toward 
our reformacion, which, as I have written afore, must come from 
the Lorde's howse, whiche neglected, bringeth all other deformityes. 
I humbly continue my sute for the release of my first ffrutes, moost 
graciously e allwaies by Her Majestie graunted to my predicessours, 
and so leave your Lordship in moost humble wise to the tuicion of 
thAlmightie. Dublin, iiij. Junii 1585. 

Your honnour's ever to commaund, 


In this letter * Archbishop Loftus thanks Burghley for 
the letter he sent signed by the Queen, but Perrot says 
he will not be crossed in his purpose to convert St. 
Patrick's into an university. 

It may please your Lordship, My letter muste carye suche 
matter bothe of greate contentacion, and excedinge griefe, as I knowe 
not howe to frame yt of suche contrarie passions. The firste grow- 
inge uppon that most charitable and honorable worke of youres, for 
the benefyte of this churche, the other uppon the displeasure cou- 
ceaved by my Lorde Deputie towardes me, in followinge of that sute. 

* P. 566, No. 11. 

PREFACE. cxxxvii 

The letter which your Lordship sente me, signed by Her Majestie, 
gyveth sufficent cause to me and the whole churche, to gyve moste 
humble thanckes to God, and to Her Majestie, for the honorable 
regarde Her Highnes hath to the mynisterie, and to joyne oure 
prayers for your Lordship with all thanckfullnes duringe oure 
lyves, and in myselfe especiallye, I finde a perticuler bonde to tye 
me more and more (yf yt weare possible) to your Lordship, withoute 
whose further protection, nowe I know not howe to deale, soe 
hardely am I like to be followed in this, which good conscience 
and the care of my pastorall chardge hath tyed me unto. 

The letter was delyvered me in the ende of Maye, reserved with 
myself in secrecye untill the 4th of June, then delyvered to his 
Lordship before three that loved us bothe, the Busshop of Methe, 
Sir Lucas Dillon, and Sir Edwarde Waterhowse, grevously taken 
by my Lorde Deputie, sayinge he woulde signifie to Her Majestie 
that the suggestion was false, that he never intended any altera- 
cion in the churche, before he had acquainted Her Majestie with 
yt, to which effect yt ys like he will nowe write by Mr. Fenton 
of whose forwardenes in aggravatinge any cause againste me I 
nothinge doubte, for that he hath professed himself an utter enimye 
to me and my poore churche. 

The reasons that moved me to beseeche your favour and to 
doubte of my Lord, as I dyd, weare these, he never imparted unto 
me the contents of the counsell's letter, sent in that matter by Sir 
Lucas Dillon, neyther have I hitherto scene yt. 

Since that time his Lordship told me oftentyraes, that in this 
Parliament he woulde have my churche turned to a place for the 
teinporall courtes, and the prebendes to the mayntenance of an 

The like speches he used to Mr. Pratt, one of the prebandaries 
(as he told me), and the like I have hearde of manye others. 

Sir Lucas Dillon firste, and since Sir Edwarde Waterhowse, have 
bene sente unto me from his Lordship, to perswade me to consente 
to the dissolution, offeringe me confirmation of my commendams 
duringe my lief, and the election of the fellowes in the new intended 
colledge insteede of my prebendes ; his Lordship hath tolde me he 
woulde not be crossed in yt, that yf I would not yelde he woulde 
be my utter enemye, he would sifte me, disgrace me, and make 
me lose as muche as I might lose in Ireland. 

oxxxviii PREFACE. 

These thinges procedinge from a man of his aucthoritie, and 
thereby soe able to doe me harme, I doe 'moste truely (even as 
before God) sett downe to your Lordship, to the ende your Lord- 
ship maye judge howe this agreeth with my former informacion, 
and whether the suggestion of the letter weare false, needeles, or 

Another accident hath much furtherid and increased Ms Lordship s 
harde opinion of me. In my absence in the cuntrey three or foure 
dayes paste, a letter hath bene framed to the lordes theare, from 
this boorde, reportinge the procedinges in Parliament, especiallye 
the denyall of the lower howse, for the not repealing of Poyninge's 
Acte, which letter was offered to me to be subscribed ; I red yt, 
refused to joyne in yt, and sett downe my reasons, namely, that 
for the offence of a fewe, the whole howse were in manner all 
condemned, where some that were misliked of, weare knowen good 
subjects, yea good servitors and that had loste their bloode for 
Her Majestie, that yt perswaded a punishment without anie faulte 
hitherto dulye examined, abridginge thereby the libertie of Parlia- 
mente (which may breede a dangerous mislike in this people). 
Noe mention made of xls. sterlinge uppon a plowe lande, which 
the lower howse by their committies offered. This deniall of 
myne was misliked ; the next daye I was moved by his Lordship 
to subscribe, perswaded by some of the counsell, who neverthelesse 
wisshed a qualification of yt in some poincts. And because I sawe 
how hardely my denyall was taken, and that I would avoyde con- 
tention, I subscribed, beinge neverthelesse faythfully promised by 
his Lordship to have y t reviewed, qualified, and new wrytten ; yf this 
letter shoulde be thus sente awaye, in those harde termes againste 
many innocent gentlemen, whoe weare in the negative of that byll, 
it should muche offende my conscience that I had subscribed. 

These griefes I laye before your Lordship onlye, and noe other 
creature, protesting I am innocente of any yll or unkynde practice 
towardes the Lorde Deputie, beinge noe opugnor, but the defendante, 
my profession, my disposition, my good-will to my Lorde all con- 
curringe, and perswadinge unitie, and yet can reape nothinge of 
him but stormes and terrible threateninges, my protector muste be 
the Almightie, his instrument your Lordship, whome I presse above 
reasone, but not beyond my hope. Thus havinge truely reported 
the cause of the offence, and wisshinge from my harte the comforte 
of the Lorde Deputie's favour and frendshipp, I comende you 

PREFACE. cxxxix 

and all yours with my daylie prayers to the sweete blessinge of 
God. From St. Sepulcher's, by Dublin, the vij. daye of June 1585. 
Youre Lordship's humbly at commaundement, 

Before the sealinge of this my letter the Lorde Deputie sent for 
me, the xjth of this moneth, and then firste shewed me the letter 
sent unto him from the Lords of the Counsaile by Sir Lucas Dillon, 
touchinge Saint Patrick's, longe since brought over, and hitherto 
conceyled from me. And uppon the readinge therof his Lordship 
willed me to enter into conference and consultacion with him 
howe, moste convenyentlye, eyther the whole churche, or some 
good parte thereof, might be converted to an universitie, laying 
before me a platforme of an universitie drawen by himself, con- 
sistinge of many impossibilities, and for sundry just causes to be 
misliked. My answeare to his Lordship was this, that forsomuche 
as Her Majestie had signified her gracious resolution touchinge my 
churche (for the which I moste humbly thancked God and Her 
Highnes), I woulde not presume to enter into any new devise 
in this matter. His Lordship beinge gr[iev]ously [ojffended with 
this my answeare, furtwith burste forth in .... peches (soe 
I thinck nor in anie other good thinge), I am ... formed his 
Lordship intendeth to seeke some advantage oute of my answeare, 
and to informe the same into Englande, which beinge none other 
but verbatim such as I have signified, I humbly praye your good 
Lordship yt may not be misconstrued. And for that his Lordship 
still protesteth to folio we this cause againste my poore churche I 
. '''.' ..''': . your honorable favour both towardes me and yt ; 
otherwise we are bothe like to perishe. His dealinges for the 
moste parte are soe furious and violent, and towards myself soe 
voyde of charitie, that I can expecte none other but all extremities 
from him. 


To the right honorable my singuler good Lorde, the Lorde 
Burghley, Lorde High Treasourer. 

These letters will serve to show the state of Munster 
and Ireland generally previous to the last rebellion of Des- 
mond and the invasion of the country by the Spanish and 
other Catholic Powers, and the desolation and waste to 


which it was reduced by the wars before it was settled by 
the English undertakers. 

There are other transactions of deep interest, which the 
volume illustrates, among which the unhappy exploit 
in the Glen stands prominent. In this exploit the English 
wore blue and red uniforms, which made them an easy 
mark for the rebels' bullets. Sir Nicholas Malbie says* :- 

After the conflict past I saw that great courage 

in his Lordship (Grey) as could not have been bettered by Hercules, 
if he had been in place, and that not without great advisement 
and singular considerate resolution, seeking by all means possible 
to draw the rebels to fight ; but it would not be. 

Sir William Stanley describes f the hill that the English 
were led up by their Colonel, Mr. George Moore, Walsyng- 

ham's cousin, as, 

A long mile in height : it was so steep that we were forced to 
use our hands as well to climb, as our feet. And the "vawe 
warde " being gone up the hill we (i.e. the rereward) must of 
necessity follow. And the enemy charged us very hotly : divers 
of them had served amongst Englishmen under the leading of 
Captain Green that had served in Connaught, and was carried by 
one Garrett, a captain, to the rebels. It was the hottest piece of 
service for the time, that ever I saw in any place. I was in the 
rereward and with me 28 soldiers of mine, whereof were slain 8 and 
hurt 10. I had with me my drum, whom I caused to sound many 
alarms, which was well answered by "them that was" in the 
rereward, which stayed them from pulling us down by the heels. 
But I lost divers of my dear friends. They were laid all along 
the wood as we should pass, behind trees, rocks, crags, bogs, and in 
covert. Yet so long as we kept the bottom I lost never a man ; 
till we were drawn up the hill by our leaders, where we could 
observe no order. We could have no sight of them, but were fain 
only to beat the places where we saw the smoke of their pieces : but 
the hazard of myself and the loss of my company was the safeguard 
of many others. I know and confess that it was the hand of 
Almighty God that preserved me. The places was so very ill that 
were a man never so slightly hurt he was lost, because no man 

* P. 247, No. 82. f p - 247, No. 83. 

PREFACE. cxli 

was able to help him up the hill. Some died, being so out of 
breath that they were able to go uo further; being not hurt 
at all. 

And here I cannot refrain from offering a few observa- 
tions in reply to the many kind and pressing messages 
and letters I have received from different parts of Ireland, 
from some of those who are anxiously waiting for the 
appearance of this volume. 

Since the publication of the former volume of Calendar 
in I860, the State Papers have been transferred from their 
late office to the Record Repository, Chancery Lane. The 
removal, together with the preparation for it, and other 
extra labour subsequent to it, have unavoidably occupied 
much of my time, but independently of these hindrances 
the difficulty of the work itself has occasioned a great 
part of the delay in the publication. 

In pages xxxv et seqq. of the preface to the former 
volume, I explained the necessity of identifying the several 
individuals who took an active part in those turbulent 
times, and who bore like or very similar names. I must now 
notice two well-known Geraldines, who inhabited the 
barony of Imokilly in the county of Cork, they were both 
named John Fitz Edmund, one was the Seneschal of 
Imokilly, and the other was frequently called " of Cloyne." 

Both were accused of rebellion ; both had fair characters 
for fidelity to the Queen. 

One, the Seneschal of Imokilly, afterwards called " of 
Ballymartyr," died in prison, in Dublin Castle, in the end 
of January or the beginning of February, 1589. 

The other, John Eitz Edmund, of Cloyne, in the barony 
of Imokilly, in the county of Cork, lived for many years 
after that. 

It is he who is called by Cox,* " John MacEdmond 

* In his History of Ireland, vol. i. p. 384. 

cx lii PREFACE. 

Eitzgirald," and who, in April 1586, produced in the 
Parliament at Dublin, the feoffment made by the Earl 
of Desmond before he entered into rebellion,, but whose 
endeavour thus to impede the forfeiture of Desmond's 
estates was baffled by the promptness of Sir Henry 
Wallop, who produced an instrument of a combination* 
of a date anterior to the feoffment, which occasioned 
much feeling in the house at that time, and brought 
John Eitz Edmund into great disgrace with the Queen. 
In a letter dated 1588, November 15, John Eitz Edmund 
explains to Sir Francis Walsyngham, the motives of his 
action and speech in the Parliament, in reference to the 
said feomnent made to him and others, " which I thought 
" it my parte ; to tell onely in discharge of my conscience 
" and honestie, before God and the worlde, not as a thing 
" I wisshed allowed, but farre otherwise." On the 12th 
of February 1596-7, the Lord Deputy and Council wrote 
to the Privy Council in his favour, on occasion of Mr. 
Chief Justice Saxey's accusations against him, and on 
the 21st of September 1597 he himself addressed a letter 
of thanks to Sir Robert Cecil, afterwards Earl of Salisbury, 
for defending him against the said false accusations of 
Mr. Chief Justice Saxey. 

They were sometimes confounded even in their own life- 
time ; thus, there is a complaint of John Eitz Edmund 
against the extortions of the Earl of Desmond, in setting 
up coin and livery in Imokilly, and billeting 60 horses 
and 100 horseboys upon the freeholders and inhabitants, 
for the space of a fortnight, without paying anything at 
all, but on the contrary, exacting twenty marks sterling 
for bonnaght beg and kernty, which the said John Eitz 

* A copy of this combination is enclosed in Wallop's letter of 30th May 
1586. It is also printed in Morrin's Calendar of the Patent and Close 
Rolls, vol. ii. page 109. 

PREFACE. cxliii 

Edmund " thought good in dischardge of my duetie to- 
" wardes your honor to certifie your Lordship." This 
information is indorsed " John Eitz Edmondes, Seneschal! 
" of Claine, his complaint, &c." 

It is possible that both the EitzEdmunds were of Cloyne, 
for Ballymartyr belonged to the Queen; but at a sub- 
sequent period the seneschal was properly called " of 
Ballymartyr," as we find from the warrant from Queen 
Elizabeth to the Lord Deputy Burgh, dated 1597, June 17, 
for passing the wardship of the body and lands of the son 
of John EitzEdmunds of Balmartie [i.e. Ballymartyr], late 
Seneschal of Imokilly, to Captain Henry Moyle, under the 
Great Seal ; and from Cox,* where he says, " Soon after this 
" Eitzgirald of Ballymartyr, commonly called Seneschal of 
" Imokilly, surprized Youghal, and entered one end of the 
" town, but was so warmly received by Lieut. Calverleigh 
" and 40 shot he had with him, that the seneschal was 
" forced to retreat and leave 50 of his men dead behind 
" him." 

Besides these there was another John EitzEdmund, who 
lived not very far off the other two ; but he was a Barry. 

Again, take Thomas Eitzmaurice, 16th Lord of Kerry 
and Baron of Lixnaw, he is called indifferently Baron of 
Lixnaw, M'Maurice, M'Morris, Lord Eitzmorris, and 
Lord Eitzmaurice ; and the solicitor mentioned in page 
131 is Thomas Bromley, Solicitor- General of England. 
Thus, throughout the Index, there have been numerous 
and perplexing difficulties, which nothing but patient 
investigation could elucidate. 

I cannot conclude without returning my warm ac- 
knowledgments to my sincere and valued friends for 

* Vol. i., p. 367. 

cxliv PREFACE. 

their sustained interest in my labours. I feel much plea- 
sure in stating that while I was sorting and arranging the 
undated papers preparatory to making my Calendar, I 
derived valuable assistance from the MS. historical notes 
relating to Ireland which were kindly lent to me by 
the late E. S. Thomas, Esq. 

8th January 1867. 





Jan. 3. 1. Patrick Sherlok, Sheriff, to Burghley. Earl of Desmond 
Waterford. refused Sir Edmund Butler's good advice. He will not have any 
Englishmen stronger than he in Munster. He has joined with Tur- 
lough Lynagh O'Neill, Clanrycard's sons, and all the gentlemen of 
Thomond. Their numbers are about 3,000. Prays that Ormond 
and Perrot may be sent with 1,000 English. 

Jan. 6. 2. Lord Deputy Fytzwylliam to same. News of Burghley 'a 
Dublin Castle, dangerous extremity of sickness. Deputy will incessantly pray for 
Burghley's recovery. 

Jan. 7. 3. Same to the Privy Council. No answer from the Earl of 
Dublin Castle. Desmond, nor any hope of his conformity. Need of a victualler. 

3. i. Justice Walshe to the Lord Deputy. Desmond refuses to 
put away his great numbers till Capt. George Bourchier with his 
soldiers shall leave KUmaUock. The only mark they shoot at 
throughout all Ireland is to have no English Government nor 
Englishmen amongst them. Desmond's doings, ivith copies of 
letters from him and James Fitzmaurice. 1573, Dec. 21, Cork. 

3. II. Maurice O'Brien, Bishop Elect of Killaloe, to the Lord 
Deputy. Earl of Desmond and his adherents will assemble in 
Thaddy O'Brien's country to meet Clanrycard, Thaddy M.'Morrogh 
O'Brien, and their adherents, to join to send messengers to King 
Philip for aid out of Spain. Desires advice to his father. 

1573, Dec. 22, Castleton Manor. 

Jan. 11. 4. Lord Deputy to the Privy Council Money borrowed for 
Dublin Castle, supply of the garrisons of Galway and Kilmallock. Desmond's 
outrages must be repressed. Incloses, 

4. I. Justice Walshe to Lord Deputy. Castlemaine taken by 
Desmond's party. A Scottish gentleman, after conference with 
James Fitzmaurice, changed his attire for Irish. Ladders made 
for taking Toughal or KUmaUock. Want of victual. 

, n Jan. 3, Cork. 

1-fr. A 





4. ii. Earl of Desmond to Justice Walshe.. Castlemaine taken 

without his consent He has put a ward in it. 

Dec, 28, Island of Kerry. 

Jan 11. 5. Lord Deputy to Burghley. The bearer Strowbridge detained 
Dublin Castle, by contrary winds. Incloses, 

5. i. Justice Walshe to Lord Deputy. Jan. 3, Cork. 

5 n Earl of Desmond to Justice Walshe. 

1573, Dec. 28, Island of Kerry. 

Jan 14. 6. Lord Deputy to Burghley. In favour of the bearer sent by 

Dublin Castle. Mr. Henry Colley, Seneschal of King's County, to solicit his suit. 

Colley is so good a servitor, and so careful a man in his charge, 

that Fytzwylliam cannot but be thankful for any good done to 


Jan. 1 6. 7. Earl of Essex to the Privy Council. Sends the bearers Carle- 
Down, in Lecale. ton and Wilsford, to impart his opinion on this service. Essex is 
going to speak with the Lord Deputy. The report that the Marshal 
and the English soldiers will be withdrawn from the borders, will 
make the borderers fall away to Turlough Lynagh. B. M'Felim. 

Jan. 16. 8. Edward Castelyn to Burghley. Castles taken and threatened 
Cork. by the Earl of Desmond and the Seneschal of Imokilly. Earl of 
Clancarr and Baron of Lixnaw victual Castlemaine. Limerick 
threatened. Manner of the taking of Castlemaine by Donnell 
M'Morice Dick. The Earl of Desmond at the Dingle, threatens to 
spoil Clancarr's country. Edw. Fitzgerald. 

Jan. 17. 9. Privy Council to the Lord Deputy and Council of Ireland. 

Hampton Court. 300 expert soldiers trained in the Low Countries, appointed to 

embark for Dublin. Their old Captains Morgan and Acres to have 

the leading of them. 8,000?. granted. Conference and cordial 

dealing with Essex enjoined. 

Jan. 17. Instructions for Mr. Carleton and Capt. Wilsford. Essex at 
more charges than the Queen. Planting of English needful. 
Adventurers. [See Extract, 1574, Nov. 24.] 

Jan. 18. 10. The Queen to the Lord Deputy. 300 soldiers. A further 
Manor of number in readiness in case of need. To countenance the exploit 
impton. ijig^j. by proclamations and several letters to the Irish 

Jan. 20. 11. Sir W. Wynter and G. Wynter to the Privy Council Desire 
Lydney. a commission to take up corn of such persons as keep corn in ricks 
for a dearth, or utter it by sea. Inclose, 

11. i. Estimate of the charges of wheat, malt, and oats for 

[Jan. 20.] 12. Note of a proportion of victuals to be sent by Mr. George 
Wynter to the Lord Deputy. 


1574. VOL.XLIV. 

Jan. 21. 13. Note of 300 footmen sent to the Earl of Essex by Mr. John 
Norris, and of 480 horse and foot put in a readiness to be employed 
in Ireland. 

Jan. 22. 14. Mr. Henry Colley to Lord Burghley. O'Conors, Mores, 
Carbeiy. O'Molloys, and others have burned all Offaly, and slain and weeded 
out specially Englishmen and such as stand to Her Majesty's 
defence. Unless the Queen behold their calamity the English look 
only for utter destruction. Colley daily threatened to have his 
house sacked, and himself and family slain. 

Jan. 22. Articles agreed between the Earl of Essex and the Gentlemen 
Adventurers. Means to have Ulster inhabited. [See Extract, 1574, 
Nov. 24.] 

Jan. 23. 15. Privy Council to Burghley as to victualling the North of 

Hampton Court. Ireland. 

Jan. 24. 16. Thomas Might to same. Relates his service in victualling the 

Knockfergus. soldiers under Essex. Waterhouse and Carleton have obtained his 

discharge. He is detained till the coming of an auditor in a place 

where great death and sickness is. Essex is evil served. Prays 

that his sureties incur no danger. 

Jan. 26. 17. Capt. W. Piers to same. Sir Brian M'Felim's revolt. Pers's 
counsel was not followed. He is restrained without bail. Hopes 
Essex will be his good lord by Burghley's means. All his plate 
and household stuff cast away on Dublin bar. 

Jan. 31. 18. The Queen to the same. Displeasure at Desmond's undutiful 
taking of Castlemaine. Marvels that Deputy suffers him to have 
such scope. Deputy's letters too mild. Forces sent and to be 
despatched with Sir J. Perrot. Desmond must be reduced and 
Thomond succoured. [Draft with corrections.} 

Jan. 31. 19. Early draft of the above. 

Jan. 31. 20. Lord Deputy and Council to the Privy Council. Interview 
Dublin Castle. w ith Essex. Pray for warrant to admit Essex into the Council. 
Earl of Kildare's offers to expel the O'Conors ; desires the sene- 
schalship of King's County and the fort of Philipstown. Mr. Fitz- 
gerald [Garret] and the Earl of Desmond. A victualler. Inclose, 

20. i. Edward Fitzgerald to Lord Deputy Fytzwylliam. His 
endeavours to have an interview with the Earl of Desmond. 

Jan. 16, Kilteynan. 

20. n. Same to same. Complains of the abuse he met with 
at Clonmel. Jan. 18, Clonmel. Incloses, 

20. in. Patrick Sherlok, Sheriff, to Mr. Fitzgerald. Sees he is 
dallied withal by Desmond. Desmond with M'-I-Brien Arra did 
meet with the Earl of Clanrycard, and all the Byrnes at Killaloe. 
He will fortify Castlemaine and Askeaton. Mr, Edward Butler 

A 2 



rescued a prey taken by the White Knight's son, called Edmund 

Naoae Condowth Mahowne M'Morrogh of Kilbehin. 

Jan. 17, Tolemanie. 

20. iv. Earl of Desmond to Lord Deputy and Council Doubts 
not to prove all matters wherewith he hath charged their Honours. 
Will meet Mr. Fitzgerald at the borders of Clonmel. 

Jan. 9, Dingle. 

20. v. Same to Mr. Fitzgerald. Will meet him the last of 
January. Has sent instructions by Mr. Barnewall to ^ the Lord 
Deputy to send Commissioners to put him in possession of his 
lands. Jan. 9, Dingle. 

Jan. 31 21. Lord Deputy to Burghley. Mitigation of Burghley's sickness, 
and Feb. 1 . Kerne under Kildare. A victualler. Ric. Sheeth. Earnest call for 
Dublin Castle. Ormond's speedy return. Incloses, 

21. i. Lord Deputy and Council to the Privy Council. Jan. 31. 
21. IT. E. Fitzgerald to Lord Deputy. Jan. 16. 
21. in. Same to same. Jan. 18. 
21. iv. P. Sherlok to Mr. Fitzgerald. Jan. 17. 
21. v. Earl of Desmond to Lord Deputy and Council. Jan. 9. 
21. vi. Same to Mr. Fitzgerald. Jan. 9. 

21. vn. Mulrony 0' Carroll to Francis Cosbie, Seneschal of the 
Queen's County. Earl of Desmond's messenger, after drinking 
much aqua mtce, disclosed that his master had sent letters to O'Neill, 
Clanrycard, Hugh M ( Shane, the 0' Mores, and 0' Conors, to resist 
all Englishmen and use themselves as evil as he. 600 Scots to aid 
the O'Conors in Offaly. Jan. 8, Modrenys. 

21. vin. Same to same. The great tempest and roaring waves 
of the Shannon prevented the meeting of Clanrycard and Des- 
mond. Assurances of fidelity. Jan. 21, Modrenye. 

Jan. ? 22. Notes to be considered for the preservation of a people of 

war to be sent with the Earl of Essex, for subduing the north parts 
of Ireland, and inhabiting the same. 

Jan. ? 23. Articles between the Earl of Essex and the Adventurers for 

settling Claneboy, the Route, and the Glynns, and the expulsion of 
the rebels. 

Feb. 2. 24. Mr. Barnabe Goche to Burghley. His sea sickness and bar- 
barous relief have brought him to the country disease. Report of 
Burghley's death lamented by the very adversaries. The ministers 
that came over, at the first touch of sickness and hard diet ran 
home again. Knockfergus is filthy, but with a little charge might 
be made handsome. 


1574. VOL ' XLIV ' 

Feb. 5. 25. Lord Deputy and Council to the Privy Council. Have 
Dublin Castle, received letters as to forces and money. Need of a victualler. 
Recent debts. Earl of Essex. Desmond's sensual disposition. Clan- 
rycard's sons' pardon. 

Feb. 5. 26. Lord Deputy to same. Defraying of the treasure. No 
Dublin Castle, private enmity with the Vice-Treasurer shall hinder the public 

Feb. 5. 27. Auditor Jenyson to Burghley. Despatch of Thomas Sackford. 
Dublin. Sir Henry Radeclyff and Sir Humfrey Gylberte to come or send at- 
torneys to their reckonings. Evil payment of patentees. Remedies. 

[Feb. 5.] 28. Memorial for staying the leases of Sir Henry Radeclyff, viz., 
the commandry of Kilclogan (qy. Kilcolgan), co. Wexford, and the 
rectory of Balmadon. 

Feb. 6. 29. Lord Deputy to the Privy Council, for Thomas Moore Capt. 

Dublin Castle. Malbie's lieutenant, to have the estate of Robert Colley, slain last 

summer while defending the fort of Philipstown. Moore is to 

marry the widow, and have regard to the preferment of Colley's 


Feb. 6. 30. Same to Burghley. Issue of money. His dealings with 
Dublin Castle. Fyton. Borrowed money. Prays to be discharged from Ireland. 

Feb. 6. 31. Same to Francis Walsyngham, Esq., the Principal Secre- 

Dubiin Castle, tary. Thanks for informing him that he will be able to justify 

his doings, should any jar fall out with Fyton. Issue of treasure. 

Recall. Deputy honours the Earl of Essex's person, and embraces 

his enterprise. 

Feb. 8. 32. Same and Council to the Earl of Desmond. Order for pre- 
Dublin Castle, servatlon of peace while Her Majesty's resolution is expected. 

Feb. 8. 33. Mr. William Norreys to Burghley, for such aid as may with- 
Drogbeda. stand the force of the rebels. Sickness hath hindered the enterprise. 
Earl of Essex praised. 

Feb. 9. Earl of Essex to the Privy Council. Receives commission 
Drogheda, for the government of Ulster. Straightness for cess and carriages. 

Sorley Boy seeks peace. All Ulster seek peace for fear of more 

English forces. [See Extract, 1574, Nov. 24.] 

Feb. 9. 34. Same to Burghley. Ireland will assuredly grow to rebellion 

Drogheda. in most parts, if there be not good forces sent before April. These 

Irish Lords, who make their countries maintain 20,000 soldiers 

to war against the Queen when they list ? should be made to pay 

the English soldiers. 




I TV T* 

Feb 9 ? 3& Note of certain docquets under the hand of Jenyson, with 
warrants and prest bills, to be charged by certificate upon Fyton's 

36. Draft of the above. 

Feb. 10. 37. Lord Deputy and Council to the Queen. Edward Fitz- 
Dublin' Castle, gerald's conference with the Earl of Desmond. Turlough Lynagh 
demands his urraghs. Hugh M 'Shane and the Tooles he commands. 
O'Conors. Ormond's presence needed. Scots and galloglas en- 
tertained by Clanrycard's sons. Galway in hard case. Castle of 
Roscommon. Castle and bridge of Athlone kept by Capt. Collier. 
Earl of Essex to be maintained. Forces to be landed at Cork for 
subduing Connaught and Munster. Inclose, 

37. i. Articles of Instructions framed by the Lord Deputy and 
Council, to direct Mr. Edward Fitzgerald in his conference with 
Desmond. 1 573, Dec. 23, Dublin Castle. 

37. ii. Seven new articles by Mr. Edward Fitzgerald, framed 
on the above. 

37. in. Answer of the Earl of Desmond to the seven articles de- 
livered to him by E. Fitzgerald, Esq., Lieutenant of Her Majesty's 

37. iv. Declaration by Mr. Fitzgerald of the course he took with 
the Earl of Desmond, containing the undutiful speeches which he 

37. v. Earl of Desmond's first answer to the articles delivered 
by Mr. Fitzgerald. 

37. vi. Mr, Fitzgerald's reply to the Earl, rejecting the undutiful 
speeches and persuading the Earl to conform to a better answer. 

37. VIL' Justice Nic. Walshe to the Lord [Deputy']. Desmond's 
galloglas waste Limerick and Kerry. Mr. Figzerald. Intem- 
perance of Desmond's answer to the articles. James Ne Ghelaghe 
and all earnest servitors to the Prince disliked by Desmond. 

Feb. 7, Cork. 

37. vni. Barnabe Dalie to same. The late Lord Deputy Sydney 
when he took Carrigalin from James Fitzmaurice committed it to 
Dalies keeping for Sir Warhame Sentleger. 25 long double lad- 
ders prepared in Dromfynin woods. Desmond threatens to assault 
the castle and burn the country. Feb. 8, Castle of Carrigalin. 

Feb. 10. 38. Lord Deputy and Council to the Privy Council. Treasure. 
Dublin Castle. The rebellion in Connaught last year being ill closed up, and the 
reduction of the garrison which ensued, have occasioned much evil. 
Forces and victuals required. 

Feb. 10. 39. Lord Deputy to Burghley. Mr. Fitzgerald dealt both painfully 
Dublin Castle. an d discreetly for reducing Desmond to conformity. Bourchier and 
Davells commended. Need that Desmond should in time be provided 



Feb. 10. 40. Lord Deputy to Walsyngham in behalf of Kilkenny, the 
Dublin Castle, burgesses to have their charter renewed and their Sovereign made 
a Mayor. 

Feb. 12. 41. The Queen to the Lord Deputy, the Lord Chancellor, and 
Westminster, others of Ireland. The rules and ordinances for the rents and 
revenues have been negligently and slenderly kept. Sends, 

41. I. The said orders, rules, &c., renewed under the Great 
Seal, with certain other orders very necessary for Her Majesty's 
better service. 

Feb. 13. 42. Mr. Edward Fytzgarett [Fitzgerald] to Burghley. The Queen 
Dublin. -willed him to write to his sister or his wife on the state of the 
country. T. Lynagh, O'Conors, O'Mores, Hugh M 'Shane, with the 
Byrnes and Tooles and Clanrycard's sons, have messengers with 
Desmond, and desire war. Desmond promised not to confer with 
any of them. Lord Deputy's discredit. Incloses, 

42. i. The Queen to E. Fitzgerald, Esq. Commission to commune 
with and counsel the Earl of Desmond to leave his evil course ; 
and to threaten him with prosecution should he attempt rebellion. 

1573, Nov. 29, Strand. 

42. ii. Nine articles of instruction by the Lord, Deputy and 
Council to Mr. Fitzgerald. Dec. 23. 

42. in. Seven new articles framed by Mr. Fitzgerald. 

42. iv. Answer of the Earl of Desmond to the seven articles. 

42. v. Course Mr. Fitzgerald took with the Earl of Desmond. 

42. vi. Earl of Desmond's first answer rejected for the undutiful 
speeches therein used, 

42. vn. Advice of Mr. Fitzgerald to the Earl of Desmond for 
putting his first answer in milder speeches. 

42. vin. Requests of the Earl of Desmond for establishing peace 
and quiet in his country. 

[Feb, 13.] 43. Copies of all the dealings and proceedings of Edward Fytz- 
gerald, Esq., Lieutenant of Her Majesty's Gentlemen Pensioners, with 
the Earl of Desmond, to be delivered to the Queen's Majesty. 

44. Edward Fytzgarett to Burghley. The bearer, Mr. Davells, 
commended. Offers of Desmond's men to serve in the North under 
Essex. Desmond offers to give his securities to Essex. He has put 
away all his galloglas. 

45. Sir Peter Carew to same, in furtherance of the bearer, Henry 
Davells, who of long time has done very good service to Her 

46. Lord Deputy Fytzwylliam to same. Recommends the bearer 
Henry Davells, being now discharged of his, captainry over the 
Kavanaghs and the House of Leighlin. 

Feb. 13. 


Feb. 13. 


Feb. 14. 

Dublin Castle. 




Feb 14 47- Lord Deputy Fytzwylliam to Walsyngham for the bearer, 
Dublin' Castle. Edmund Leveret, to have a further interest in the office of Cham- 
berlain in the Exchequer. 

Feb. 17. 48. Same to Burghley. Scheme for taking up 4,000 or 5,000 
Dublin Castle, pecks of wheat in Dublin, Drogheda, Naas, &c. 440Z. taken of the 
bearer to be repaid. Treasure. Kevenue. Desires power to re-enter 
upon the estates of those who do not pay their rents. 

Feb. 18. Same to the Privy Council. City of Waterford to be paid 
Dublin. ' 250L 10s. for victuals, and to have license to buy munition. [See 
Extract, 1574, Nov. 25.] 

Feb. 18. 49. Mr. Barnabe Goche to Burghley. He has found in his weak- 
Dublin. ' ness friendship at the hands of the Master of the Rolls, Capt. 
Horsey and Owen Moore. Disorder of the country. Essex deter- 
mined to attack the enemy, though his number is very small and 
sickly. Goche's fever. 

Feb. 18. 

Feb. 19. 

Feb. 20. 


50. Mr. Treasurer Fyton to same. Issue of treasure. Has 
forborne since September to pay himself. The death of his wife has 
disfurnished him of money. Slander against his brother of having 
put forth the treasure to interest while bringing it over. Captains 
Morgan and Acres arrived. 

51. Reasons that may move the Queen to make the Earl of Essex 
Deputy of Ireland. 

52. Henry Colley to Burghley. The rebellious O'Conors have 
done all the harm they can do the English. The Earl of Kildare 
has protected most of the rebels, and for that service has had 1,800Z. 
Kildare now sues for the seneschalship of the King's County and 
constableship of Philipstown. 

Feb. 22. 53. Lord Deputy to same. Wearied with Mr. Treasurer's vain- 
Dublin Castle, glorious humour. Prays to be recalled from his tabering. 

Feb, 23. 54. Edw. Waterhous to same. Prays the soldiers now in readi- 
Chester. ness in Berkshire, Oxfordshire, Cheshire, and Lancashire, may be 
staid till the 20th of March for victuals. Prays they may be sent 
to Carlingford on account of the plague at Knockfergus. 

Feb. 23. 

Feb. 23. 


UUV Wl VUO JJJ.d.gU.0 O/U AXlJ.UUJ\.AClgU.a. 

55. Same to same. The prices of grain in Cheshire and Pem- 
brokeshire. The provisions made. 

56. Nicholas White to same, in behalf of Captain Davells for his 

Feb. 25 & 26. 57. Mr. Treasurer Fyton to same. His issuing of the treasure. 

Dublin. Incloses, 

57. i. Lord Deputy to Mr. Treasurer Fyton for 400?. English on 
his entertainment. Feb. 24, Dublin Castle. 



57. ii. Sir Edw. Fyton to Lord Deputy. Declines issuing 
money without Councillors' hands. Feb. 25, Dublin. 

Feb. 26. 58. Earl of Essex to Burghley, as to the redemption of his manors 
Dublin. of Fambridge and Maiden in Essex, mortgaged to the Queen. Favour 
to the bearer Mr. Horsey. 

Feb. 27. 59. Same to same. Commends Captain Davells. 


Feb. 28. 60. Lord Deputy to the Privy Council. Captains Morgan and 

Dublin Castle. Acres. Treasure. Kildare's service upon the O'Conors deferred. 

Essex proposes a journey of 12 days upon Turlough Lynagh. The 

Earl of Desmond has by proclamation put away his galloglas, but 

they still spoil. Incloses, 

60. i. Declaration of the issue and remain of the 5,000?. English 
which arrived Feb 20. 

60. II. Justice Walshe to Lord Deputy. The treaty with Mr. Fitz- 
gerald ill kept. Spoils committed on the Earl of Clancarr, 
M'-I-Brien Arra, Kilfeekil, and the Oowlen. Pickaxes and tools 
are being made in the Dingle. Feb. 20, Cork. 

60. in. Thomas Arthur, Mayor of Limerick, to Justice Walshe. 
On the 15th there came 300 Scots and 700 galloglas, harquebusiers 
and kerne, and lay at Clanchollain. The country flyeth. 

Feb. 17, Limerick. 

Feb. 28. 61. Lord Deputy to Burghley. Fyton would not allow him his 
Dublin Castle, own entertainment on his own warrant. The country murmured 
against Kildare's intended service. Deputy's servants to have allow- 
ance for extraordinary delay at Court. Incloses, 

61. I. Declaration of issue of 5,000?. 

61. ii. Justice Walshe to Lord Deputy. Feb. 20. 

61. in. Mayor of Limerick to Justice Walshe. Feb. 17. 

Feb. 28. 62. Lord Deputy to Walsyngham. Complains of the uncertainty 
Dublin Castle. O f the winds, and prays that little time be lost in resolutions. 

Feb. 28. 63. Sir Edw. Fyton to Burghley. The issue of the 5,000?. not- 
Dublin. withstanding the severe and precise order under Her Majesty's own 

Feb. 28. 64. Francis Fyton to same. The cause of his long delay in 
or Mar. 1. bringing over former treasure. Incloses, 


64. I. Account of every day bestowed by Francis Fyton after his 
despatch from Court, Aug. 10, till arrival at Dublin, Oct. 23. Ship 
in which Mr. Henry Sydenham was lost. 







65. Memoranda for Ireland in Burghley's hand. Whether the 
Deputy shall continue. Whether the Treasurer may be changed. 
Dungannon to be Tyrone. Chancellor. Chief Justices. 

66. Memorandum of letters sent into England by the Earl of 
Desmond, by his servant Nicholas Roche, 

Edward Fitzgerald to the Earl of Desmond, with sober counsel. 
[See 22 March] 


March 1. 1. The Queen to the Lord Deputy and Lord Chancellor, to restore 
the Earl of Thomond to his possessions. A proviso added to the 
former grant. Thomond to have possession of the castles detained 
by the Earl of Desmond. Inclosing, 

1 . i. Proviso to be put in the Earl of Thomond 's patent. 

March 1. 2. The Queen to the Earl of Thomond. Has given directions that 
all his possessions shall be restored, and that the castles taken by 
the Earl of Desmond shall be recovered for him by the Lord Deputy. 
Permission for him to visit England. 

March 1. Entries of the above. [See Dom, Eliz., Vol. XLV., p. 98., and 
Warrant Book No. 1. p. 1.] 

March 2. 3. Lord Deputy Fytzwylliam to Burghley. Men clamour for 
Dublin Castle. 3,000?. for this half year's victualling. Fyton keeps back the 
revenue. Has served 15 years in Ireland, and grown therewith 
a beggar. 

March 3. Earl of Desmond to Mr. Fitzgerald. Thanks him for having 
Clone. signified to the Queen and Council his dutiful behaviour. James 
Ne Gillaghe robs his poor tenants. [See 22 MarJ\ 

March 5. Countess of Desmond to same. Bruit of a sudden invasion to 
Youghal. overcome Desmond's country. Certain earnest with her husband 
to have an estate of inheritance of some of his lands. [See 22 
March 1 574.] 

4. E. Tremayne to Burghley. Mr. Secretary Smith's misliking of 
Sir Peter Carew, for persuading Essex to encroach upon the Ardes, 
unfounded. Amity betwixt Lord Deputy and Essex. Inclosing, 

4. i. Sir Peter Carew to his cousin EdmundTremayne. Minister- 
ing the sword and justice the only means of redress. Seneschal of 

March 6. 



1574. VOL.XLV. 

Imokilly. Desmond's dealing with Mr. Fitzgerald. He has sent to 
Turlough Lynagh, the Conors, Hugh M'Shane, Rory Oge O'More, 
and other outlaws to stand firm. Earl of Clanrycard is wickedly 
bent. Hugh M'Shane's sons and Clandonnells spoil even to the 
gates of Dublin. Kildare. Essex. T. Lynagh. Davells much 
commended. Feb. 6, Dublin. 

March 6. 5. Ed. Water-house to Burghley. The whole proportion of wheat 
Chester. an d ma lt for 1,000 soldi ers is in readiness at easy prices. Mr. Norris 
to view the bands. Shoes to pass for the garrisons duty free. 
Burghley's care for Essex. 

March 6 ? 6. Memorandum of provisions made by Edward Waterhouse, to 
be sent to Knockfergus. 

March 7. Earl of Essex to the Queen. To encourage the Adventurers. 
Drogheda. Claneboy will yield 6,000?. a year. Better the government of Ulster 

were restored to the Deputy, than he to have it with so straight a 

commission. [See Extract, 1574, Nov. 24.] 

March 8. 7. Same to the Lord Treasurer, the Lord Chamberlain, and 
Dundalk. the Earl of Leycester. Meeting at Castle Toome of Turlough 
Lynagh, Sir Brian M'Felim, and Sorley Boy. 1,600 Scots to be 
entertained. Essex having plotted a road against Turlough Lynagh, 
could obtain no assistance from the Lord Deputy and the English 
Pale. Prays to be disburthened of the government of Ulster. His 
offers to the Queen. Deputy gives out that he shall be discharged, 

7. i. Plot of the intended journey upon T. Lynagh. 

8. Essex's offers for surrendering his patent of Claneboy. Lord 
Deputy to undertake the war. Essex to have the Isle of M'Gee 
[Magee]. Extracts of letters of 7 and 8 March. 

Earl of Essex to the Privy Council. Conspiration between 
T. Lynagh, Sir Brian, and Sorley Boy. Lord of Slane ready to 
assist Essex in the journey. Capt. Morgan has arrived. Adven- 
turers to be bound to the enterprise. Essex makes offers. [See 
Extract, 1574, Nov. 24.] 

9. Earl of Desmond to Burghley. Promises to bo loyal. Prays 
for a regrant of the manor of Dungarvan. He has forborne to 
distrain for rent. Delay of the Commissioners. 

10. Memorial of things to be considered for Ireland. Essex to be 
maintained. Sir John Perrot to recover Munster. Deputy to 
pacify Leinster and Connaught. A subsidy required. Desmond. 
Letters to Clancarr and others. Leix and Offaly, Earl of Clanrycard 
to cause his sons to submit. 

March 16. 11. Articles of truce between Essex and Turlough Lynagh. 
Corke Castle. Turlough's son, Arthur, given as a hostage. Latin. 

March 8. 

March 8. 


March 10. 

March 16. 



March 17. 

March 18. 

March 20. 

March 20. 


12. Note of money paid for Ireland causes, from Midsummer 
1573 to 17 March 1573/4. 

13. Memorandum by Burghley. The Queen would that Ormond 
and Perrot should repair to the Deputy. Desmond. Essex. 
T. Lynagh. Earl of Kildare. Clanrycard. 

14. Ed. Waterhous to same. Ships to transport 300 soldiers 
with Mr. Morris. Victual sent to Carlingford and Knockfergus. 
Desires the stay of grain colourably sent to France and Spain. 

15. Sir E. Fyton and Robert Dillon to same. Have returned 
from holding a sessions at Athlone. None resorted to them but the 
Bishops of Tuam and Clonfert. Necessity of a strong government 
in Ireland. Incloses, 

15. i. William Mullaly, Archbishop of Tuam, and Rowland de 
Burgh, Bishop of Clonfert, to Sir E. Fyton. Cannot pass through 
to Athlone on account of the number of Scots. Desire that a ship 
may be sent to Clonfert to bring them by water. Mar. 5, Kilconayll. 

March 22. 16. Lord Treasurer's computation of soldiers now in Ireland, 
2,400 men. 

March 22. 37. Mr. Fitzgerald to the Countess of Desmond. The preparations 
Dublin. mentioned, stayed upon some hope of the Earl's conformity. If 
Desmond will follow the worst counsel and eschew the best, he will 
meet his desert. 

March 22. 18. Same to the Earl of Desmond. Blames him for razing 
Dublin. a castle in Kenry. To answer Mr. Bourchier's message wisely. 

March 23. 19. Turlough Lynagh O'Neill to the Queen. Relates the faithful 
Kyghaw. services of his father, " Nellanus O'Neyll," against the Earl of Tyrone, 
Con, and Shane. Relates his own sufferings and services. Is thankful 
that the Earl of Essex is made Governor General of Ulster. Prays 
his petitions now sent may be granted. Has given his son as a 
hostage. Latin. 

March 24. 20. Lord Deputy and Council to the same. Earl of Desmond 
Dublin Castle, has unjustly reported of the Deputy. Refutation of the charges. 

20. i. Earl of Desmond to the Queen. Dec. 13. Extract. 

March 24. 21. Lord Deputy and Council to the Queen. Excuse the mildness 

Dublin Castle. o f their dealings with Desmond. Forces disposed. Scots provided 

for Munster stapled in Connaught. Just cause to turn over all the 

mischiefs from the sons to the Earl of Clanrycard. Clanrycard's 

practices with Turlough Lynagh and Sorley Boy. Inclose, 

21. i. Earl of Essex to the Lord Deputy and Council. The sol- 
diers of Dundalk and the Newry unfurnished of all manner of 
victuals. He will make no composition, but such as shall be honour- 
able. March 6, Drogheda. 


1574 ' XLV ' 

21. ii. Earl of Desmond to the Lord Deputy and Council. His 
meaning to maintain the public peace. Desires that indifferent 
commissioners may be appointed by the Council. His fervent wish 
to embrace Her Majesty's clemency. Feb. 23, Carrigrochan. 

21. in. Lord Deputy and Council to the Earl of Desmond. 
Charge him to deliver to the possession of Capt. George Bourchier the 
castles of Ballymartyr, Castle Maigne, Castle Mange, the castles and 
pieces of Kenrie, and all other castles and pieces in Munster. And 
to render himself simply before the last of March. 

March 8, Dublin Castle. 

21. iv. Justice Walshe to the Lord Deputy and Council. Has 
proclaimed the peace with Desmond till Her Majesty's pleasure be 
known. Scots. Castletown. Desmond's purpose to raze all the 
Geraldines' castles but two. Preparations against Kilmallock. 

March 9, Youghal. 

March 24. 22. Lord Deputy to the Privy Council. Has put himself abroad 
Dublin Castle. as occasion required. Want of martial councillors. Desires their 
Lordships' means to Her Majesty to think well of his service. 

March. 23. Note of the Queen's charges and of the number of soldiers in 

March 25. 24. Lord Deputy to the Privy Council. Recommends the suits of 
Dublin Castle, the city of Waterford. 

March 25. 25. Same to Burghley. Thanks for the advertisement that his 
Dublin Castle, service is not well interpreted. Incloses, 

25. i. Note of grain and provisions 'made upon receipt of the 
last treasure. March 21. 

25. ii. Note of extraordinary charges grown this last quarter. 

March 25. 

March 25. 26. Lord Deputy to Walsyngham. The Callough O'More's suppli- 
Dubiin Castle, cation. No grant from King Henry VIII. to him extant. Rejoices 
that Walsyngham can see into the imperfections of this unhappy 
government. Regrets that the fair words of rebels in their own 
causes are preferred before the dutiful advertisements of those, who, 
but for Her Majesty's service, have nothing to do with Ireland. 

26. i. Note of grain and provisions made upon receipt of the last 
treasure. March 21. 

March 25. 27. Conference betwixt the books of musters, 25 March 1571, and 
the state of the garrisons, 25 March 1574, by Burghley. 

Mar. 25. 28. Declaration of John Herbert, Constable of Castlemaine, as to 
the circumstances under which that castle was betrayed. 

March 26. 29. Hugh Bradie, Bishop of Meath, and Dean Garvey to Burghley 
Dublin. in favour of the suits of Gregory Bodkin, factor of the desolate 
town of Athenry, for relief. The Earl and his sons intent on 
bringing Galway to the like state. 




[March 26.] 30. Petition of the poor inhabitants of Athenry to Queen Eliza- 
beth, for a fee farm of 20Z. per annum of Her Majesty's lands in 
Connaught, and for 20Z. due to Gregory Bodkyne. 

March 26. 31. Nicholas White to Burghley, in favour of the bearer Mr. 
St. Catherine's. Lumbarde and other agents of Waterford. They have been put to 
great trouble by requiring of them that which was contrary to their 

March 27. 32. Lord 
Dublin Castle. Hammond. 

Deputy to same. Commends the bearer, Laurence 

March 27. 33. Earl of Desmond to the Privy Council in Ireland. Will give 
Loghger. no further answers till the Queen's resolution is know. Castletown 
broken by Edmund Fitzdavie. Desmond encounters and overthrows 
the Earl of Clancarr. 

March 27. 34. Sir Edward Fyton to Burghley, in favour of the suits of the 
Dublin. bearer Bodkyn for Athenry. The Earl of Clanrycard hath had his 
two sons in bolts on private causes, but would not detain them for 
the Queen. They are now at liberty and have brought in 500 more 
Scots. There is no way to mend any part of Ireland but one, which 
is force and extremity. 

March 27. 35. Same to same. The bearer Edward White has assisted in 
Dublin. gathering the notes for Connaught. He knows Spanish, and his 
religion was formerly well reported of. Incloses, 

35. i. The division of Connaught and Thomond as it is now 
bounded, with some notes of the nobility and gentlemen, with 
declaration of their countries and castles, and likewise of the bishop- 
ricks and present incumbents within the province of Connaught. 

March 27. 

March 28. 36. Luke Dillon to Burghley. Connaught destroyed by Clanry- 
Dublin. card and his ungracious sons. Munster. Hugh M 'Shane and his 
mountain men are in greater bravery than ever. All Leinster 
except the Byrnes and Tooles are bent to rebel. Essex. The at- 
tempt to establish order and law is the cause of the present disorders 
in Ireland. The gates of mercy to be shut for a time. The bearer 
L. Hammond has suffered for his truth. 

March 29. 37. Notes sent to the Earl of Essex, to be answered presently 
concerning the state of Ulster. 

March 29. 38. Privy Council to the Lord Deputy. Her Majesty will pro- 
Greemdch. cee ^ by a me rciful means to reduce Desmond to obedience, unless 
he should obstinately refuse. Mr. Fitzgerald the meetest to be 
conferred with, for Desmond's business. Mr. Agard, Justice Walshe, 
and others, to be commissioned for ordering of that province. If 
Desmond tend to manifest rebellion, the Queen will employ her 



1574. VOL ' XLV ' 

forces. Ormond will be sent over. Thomond to be restored. 
Turlough Lynagh. Essex. Clanrycard's sons to be pardoned 
and to re-edify Athenry. Peter Lynche and Galway. Thomas 
Sackford, gent., appointed victualler. Edmund Harrolde and 
Limerick. Scarcity of provisions. Treasure. Answering the 
revenue. A quarterly advertisement of checks. Inclosing, 

38. i. Schedule of the forces in Ireland, with a rate for their 
employment on the frontiers, in the wards, &c. Leaving 900 to 
serve against Desmond. 

March 30. 39. The Queen to Lord Deputy Fytzwylliam. Desmond. Clanry- 
card's sons. To show Turlough Lynagh that the Queen will give 
ear to his petitions, and determine some reasonable order. He to 
send over a messenger of his own with his offers. Disorders of 
Ireland attributable to Deputy's abiding at Dublin. 

March 30. 

40. Lords Burghley, Sussex, and Leicester, and Walsyngham to 
same. The Queen has a great misliking of the Government. Desire 
his justification and particular answer to such things as Her Majesty 
many times remembers to them, and which they cannot answer. 

40. I. Schedule of certain things to be advertised to the Lord 
Deputy of Ireland that Her Majesty dislikes. Refusal of Desmond's 
offer to subscribe. So little regard to preserve Munster. Cosby 
continued in Leix. O'Mores and O'Conors. Expending the 5,000?. 
Disappointment of Essex's journey. March 30. 

March 30. 41. Draft of the above inclosure, by Burghley. 

March 30. 42. The Queen to the Earl of Essex. Hearty thanks for divers 
letters. Esteem for his intolerable toil in Ireland. Accepts his 
offer of surrendering Claneboy. Will allow the pay of 600 foot 
and 100 horse. Will grant him the island of M'Gwyse [Magee 
Island]. Has appointed the Lord Deputy to join with him in the 
service. Secrecy. Incloses, 

42. i. Instructions for the Earl of Essex. Orders given to the 
Deputy to proceed with all the forces he can make against Turlough 
Lynagh now that his cattle is weak. Essex to expel the Scots and 
reduce Sir Brian M'Felim. Sir Thomas Smith. The Lord Deputy 
shall resume into his hands the government of Ulster. March 30. 

March 30. 43. Lords Burghley, Sussex, and Leycester to the Earl of Essex. 
The Queen's determination to revoke him, and lap up the matter 
with Turlough Lynagh and Sir Brian M'Felim. Essex's private 
letters to the said Lords made the change that Her Majesty yields 
to Essex's own requests. [Minute.} 

March ? 44. Memorandum by Burghley of sundry ways to be taken for 
Ireland. Essex. Ulster. Turlough Lynagh. 





April 1. 

April 2. 


April 2. 


April 2. 


April 2. 

April 2. 

April 2. 



Paper headed, " What course is to be taken with Tirloughe 
Lenoughe upon consideration had of his petitions." To temporize 
with him till some order may be taken with the Earl of Desmond 
and the Earl of Clanrycard's sons. Ulster can never be reduced 
to conformity so long as Turlough Lynagh retains the title of O'Neill, 
and holds the dependency of the Urraghs. [See Dom., Eliz., 
Vol. XLV., page 96.] 

45. Memorial for the enterprise of Ulster in Burghley's hand. 

46. Note of the bands of horsemen and footmen in Ireland. 

47. Memorandum of the forces in Ireland, and of the means to be 
used to bring Desmond and other rebellious subjects to conformity. 

48. Petitions of Thomas Sackford for commission into Shropshire 
and Somersetshire to take up victuals, and for letters to the ports to 
pass with victuals to the garrisons in Ireland. 

49. Memorandum of Waterhouse's requests for supply at Knock- 

Earl of Essex to the Queen. Turlough Lynagh desires peace. 
Bruit of his revocation. Edward Fitzgerald to impart Essex's 
mind, and the state of Ireland. Building. [See Extract, 1574, 
Nov. 24.] 

Same to the Privy Council. Truce with Turlough Lynagh. 
His son a pledge with Essex. Mortality among the Ulster 
rebels. Sir Brian M'Felim emboldened by advertisements out of 
England. Earl of Clanrycard the worst subject in Ireland. War 
and fortification most necessary all this year. April 5. Tur- 
lough Lynagh's demands, and Essex's opinion. [See Extract, 1574, 
Nov. 24.] 

50. Same to Burghley. Grief at his letter. Discouragement that 
Her Majesty will give over the enterprise of Ulster. Is sorry 
that they were joined by the undertakers, who ate the victuals 
without paying for it, and occupied the soldiers' lodgings. Dis- 
honour of leaving off'. Ireland has been misgoverned for private 
ends. Wishes to send his son to be brought up with Burghley's. 

51. Same to same ; similar to the above, and sent by his cousin, 
Mr. Edward Fitzgerald. 

52. Same to same, for Mr. Waterhouse to make his present repair 
into Ireland ; and Jennyson to take the reckonings. 

53. Mr. Barnabe Goche to same. His recovery. Outcries for 
want of pay, and evil victualling of soldiers. Evil thinking by 
the English of the Deputy. Ormond, Kildare, and his brother. 

53. i. Order of the camps at the meeting of the Earl of Essex with 
Turlough Lynagh. 




April 2. 

April 4. 


54. J. Wingfeld, Master of the Ordnance, to Burghley, for supply 
of munition. Complains that smithy coal dust was mingled with 
some of the corn powder last sent. 

55. Earl of Desmond to Earl of Essex.. Has heard of his 
honourable dealings in Ulster. Small favour at Deputy's hands, 
and slackness of justice. His encounter with McCarthy More. 
Seeks his interest with the Council in England. Promises. 

April 3 Si Q. 56. James Sherloke, Mayor of Waterford, and others, to 
YVaterford. Burghley. Crave his furtherance of their suits to Her Majesty. 
James Fitzmaurice has spoiled the country in most lamentable 
manner. Inclose, 

56. I. James Fitzmaurice to the Mayor of Waterford, &c. De- 
mands cess for 900 axes and 30 horsemen for four days. 

April 5, Monday, Kilure. 

April 6. Earl of Essex to the Privy Council. His revocation from 
Drogheda. Ireland will double Her Majesty's charges. [See Extract, 1574, 
Nov. 24.] 

[April 6.] 57. Thomas Colman to his brother-in-law. The great navy 
Cadiz. reported to go to Ireland. The English stayed but no hurt done to 
them. Richard Brown's license to traffic. 

April 6. 

April 7. 

April 7. 

58. Earl of Essex to Burghley, in favour of the Dean of Armagh 
f or recompense. 

59. Terence Danyell, Dean of Armagh, to same. Lost all his 
goods in the rebellion of Shane O'Neill. Has no profit of his 

deanery. His continual service in the North. 
his concordatums. 

Prays payment of 

April 8. 

April 9, 


60. B. Goche to Burghley. The state of the country groweth worse 
and worse. Divers of the natural inhabitants forsake all, and run 
into England. Rebel strong. Soldier weary. Earl of Essex painful 
in the service of his country. Goche's father's debts. Incloses, 

60. i. A plot of Drogheda seated upon two hills, the haven passing 
betwixt them. 

60. ii. Counterfeit [portrait] of T. Lynagh, by Goche, rudely 
drawn but greatly resembling him. 

61. N. White, Master of the Rolls, to Burghley, by Mr. Edward 
Fitz S erald > concerning the Earl of Desmond. 

62. Privy Council to the Lord Deputy and Treasurer, for the 
dispensing of the treasure now sent by Edward Fyton. 

April 9. 63. Examination of Dominick Meaghe, servant to Mr. John 
Herbert, Constable of Castlemaine, declaring the manner and parties 
of the betraying of that castle to the Earl of Desmond, and by whose 
iutreaties he was spared at the gallows. 

2. T> 



April 9. 

April 9. 

April 15. 

April 15. 



64. Note of docquets paid, whereof Vice-Treasurer Fyton to have 
warrant for allowance. 

65. A note of the garrison in Ireland, and how it is to be 
distributed and supplied. 

66. Earl of Essex to the Privy Council. The Queen's alteration 
of her purpose to revoke him is good. Their Lordships mistake the 
meanings of his offers. Her Majesty's direction to the Deputy to 
remove the Earl of Essex from the government of Ulster, like to 
have marred all his enterprise. He desires the government. John 
Norris has arrived with 100 foot. Intended treaty with Sir Brian 
M'Felim. Turlough Lynagh. Deputy's help desired. 

67. Earl of Essex to Burghley. Much mischief would have 
followed to the whole State if he had been revoked. Whatever ill- 
willing adventurers have reported, the enterprise ought to be brought 
to good effect. Scots. Many of the English Pale willing to inhabit 
Claneboy. Incloses, 

67. i. Essex's answers to the questions sent to him in the end of 
March. Extent of Claneboy, &c. Value of the Sann. Store of 
hay. Husbandmen. 

April 1 5. 68. Earl of Essex to Walsyngham. Has not had from the Lord 
Drogheda. Deputy that countenance he should have had. Reasons not meet 
to be committed to letters. Sends home John Carye, one likely to 
make a good soldier, and deserving great commendation. 

April 15. 69. Barnabe'Goche to Burghley. T. Lynagh's double dealing. He 
passed the Blackwater with mind to entrap the young Baron of 
Dungannon, a valiant fellow. Essex goeth to-morrow against the 
rebels. Sir Brian has well manned his passes. 

April 1 6. 70. Henry Fytzwyllyam to Burghley, to procure the Lord Keeper's 

Dublin Castle, speedy judgment in a cause between him and Sir J. Perrot, for a 

lease of the manor and granges of Scampton by Lincoln. 

April 18. 71. Lord Deputy and Council to the Privy Council. Earl of 
Dublin Castle. Desmond. Numbers of soldiers. Turlough Lynagh. Earl of Essex. 
Lynche's suit for the town of Galway. Thanks for a victualler. The 
cess for the Earl of Kildare's kerne never levied. Expenditure of the 
last treasure. Symcott's orders for Exchequer causes. Service of 
Offaly for Captain Edward Moore in place of Harry Colley, now 
aged. Colley to be of the Council. Inclose, 

71. i. Book of the estate of the army and garrisons on the 1 5th of 
April 1574, with the charge of the same for one month. April 15. 

April 1 8. 72. Lord Deputy to Lords Burghley, Sussex, and Leicester, and 
istle. Mr. Walsyngham in answer to theirs of March 30, with his justifi- 
cation on the parts of his Government misliked by Her Majesty. 
His conduct with regard to Desmond. Wily conduct of the Countess. 


1574. VOL - 

Munster. Why he suffered Cosbie to remain in Leix. First rebel- 
lion of the 'Conors, Must have imprest allowed ; his private 
revenue being cut off for his stalled debt. Earl of Essex imputes 
his ill success to the discovery of his enterprise against Turlough 
Lynagh. Auditor Jenyson. 

April 18. 73. Lord Deputy to Burghley. Good meaning for Mr. Harvye to 
Dublin Castle, succeed Cosbie. Indentures of trust from Sir Henry Sydney in 
Queen Mary's time. Cannot write oftener for lack of wind. His 
goodwill to Essex and his enterprise. Bills for victualling. Defraying 
of the late treasure. Prays for revocation. [While Burgldey was 
sick, the affairs of Ireland ivere neglected and the government fell 
into difficulties.] 

April 18. 74. Same to Walsyngham. Cannot so easily forgive Fyton for 
Dublin Castle, procuring Her Majesty's displeasure, as for the touch at his life. 
Keady to be reconciled with Mr. Treasurer. His good inclination 
towards Essex. 

April 19. 75. Same to the Privy Council. The Victualler to be des- 
Dublin Castle, patched. Prays that his bills for victuals to the amount of 6,000?. 
Irish may be paid. 

April 20. The Queen to . The captainship 

of Dungarvan to be granted to the bearer, Capt. Henry Davells. 
[See Dom. Eliz., Vol. XLV., page 55.] 

April 20. 76. Lord Deputy to Burghley. Complains that some of the powder 
Dublin Castle, lately sent was mingled with smith's dust. Lead. 

April 20. 77. Memorial by Burghley for the Government of Ireland. Des- 
mond and Clanrycard. Deputy to invade Turlough Lynagh, and 
Essex the rebels in Claneboy. Her Majesty will not assent that 
Turlough Lynagh usurp the name of O'Neill, as Shane O'Neill did. 
Conditions on which Her Majesty will pardon him. Baron of Dun- 
gannon. All urraghs [euraghs] of the O'Neills shall be free. 

April 21. 78. Earl of Essex to the Privy Council. Building. If Essex 
Newry. have not money presently he shall hardly do any good this summer. 
Cannot borrow any money. Belfast. Intends to build a town at 
Coleraine, and a bridge over the Bann. Reckoning. 

April 21. 79. Auditor Jenyson to Burghley. Has finished all the reckon- 
Dublin. j n g s f or these 14 years, except Sir Humfrey Gylberte, Sir George 
Stanley, and SirH. Radeclyff's. Stanley's executors. Lord Deputy 
and the Treasurer. Arrearages. 10,OOOL become desperate which 
might have been levied. Earl of Essex's account. Jenyson's clerks 
will forsake him for keeping them at such continual travel. 

April 23. 80. A kind of grant made by the Earl of Desmond to James 
Fitzmaurice, of the castles of Glanecorybry, Tarybert, and Carigk 
poyle, for the time Kerrykuryhy shall remain in mortgage. In 
case Desmond miscarry Carrygpoyle shall be delivered to his ward, 
O'Conor Kerry's son. [OrigJ] 

B 2 




Anrrm 81 A. Loftus, Archbishop of Dublin, to Burghley. To know Her 
St Sepulchre''*. Majesty's pleasure before he confirm the Dean Elect of Christ 
Church, of Irish birth. Desires license to come into England, 
and to have a pardon of his debt to the Queen. Incloses, 

81. i. Decree of the President and Chapter of Christ's Church for 
a citation for election of a Dean, the 29th of March. With the 
reasons of the proceeding. 

March 20, in the Chapter House of Christ's Church. 

April 25. 82. Lord Deputy to the Privy Council. Justice Dowdall sent to 

Dublin Castle, the Earl of Desmond in place of Mr. Fitzgerald. Bruits of Spaniards 

under Stucley. Desmond has sent into France for munition and 

powder. Earl of Clanrycard is appointed to appear before Deputy 

30th April. Incloses, 

82. I. Mayor and others of Waterford to the Lord Deputy. Pre- 
paration of a fleet, in Andalusia, of Spaniards, Portuguese, and 
Flemings. Stucley threatening to come into Ireland with shipping. 

82. n. Theobald Butler to the Mayor of Waterford. Earl of 
Desmond in the neighbourhood of Cahir with a great number of 
men. A greater assembly at Knockwonhblly, three miles from 
Limerick. When they have gathered a month's victuals they will 
go to the hill of Tarah. April 21, Cahir. 

82. in. Roger Winston to Lord Deputy. A ship from Cadiz 
reports that Stucley with his men and a fleet of 100 sail is coming 
to this part of Ireland. 

April 25. 83. Lord Deputy to Burghley. Assemblies made by the Earl of 
Dublin Castle. Desmond. Preparations in Spain. Incloses, 

83. i. Lord Deputy to the Privy Council. April 25. 
83. ii. Mayor of Waterford to the Lord Deputy. 

83. in. Theobald Butler to the Mayor of Waterford. April 21. 
83. IV. Roger Winston to Lord Deputy. 

April 26. 84. Certain of the Privy Council to the Lord Deputy. Have had 

Greenwich, consultation with Her Majesty upon Turiough Lynagh/'s petitions. 

Without rooting out or abating his strength, neither can the English 

Pale be in quiet, nor Ulster reduced to conformity. West parts. 

Essex. Check books. Inclose, 

84?. I. Petitions of Turiough LynagJi sent by an express messenger 
to the Queen. With postils. [April 26.] 

8 i. ii. Opinion of certain of the Council as to what course is to 
be taken with Turiough Lynagh upon consideration of his petitions. 

[April 26, Greemvich.] 

April 26. 85. Certain of the Privy Council to the Earl of Essex. Her 

Greenwich. Majesty doth very well allow of his orderly and discreet dealing 

with Turiough Lynagh, &c. Essex and Deputy to have some speedy 


conference for an exploit against Turlough Lynagh. Adventurers 
to send some to till the ground. Edward Waterhouse and the 
Auditor of Ireland to take his account. 

April 27. 86. The Queen to Earl of Essex. The truce with Turlough 
Greenwich. Lynagh. Privy Council will certify him of the answer made to 
T. Lynagh 's petitions. 

April 27. 87. Lord Deputy Fytzwylliam to the Privy Council. Desires 
Dublin Castle, to receive his entertainment by imprest or monthly. Merchants 
will rather hazard their money on the seas than lend to Deputy. 
Sir J. Perrot's Marseilles ship and goods. 

April 27. 88. Same to Walsyngham. Favourable inclination to Symcott. 
Dublin Castle. Thanks for the extraordinary allowance to his men for their 
extraordinary attendance. Has given order for Sir J. Perrot's dis- 
charge of his presidency. Desmond. Discredits daily thrown upon 
Deputy thwart the success of his travel. Shall be obliged to sell 
his plate to buy meat. Spanish rumours. 

April 29. 89. Ed. Waterhouse to Burghley. The mills at Knockfergus fail, 
and the storehouse cannot contain enough provisions. A water mill 
to be erected at the Abbey of Woodburn. Desires commission to 
take up carpenters, masons, millwrights, &c. for Essex. A provision 
for next winter. Private instructions to the Earl of Essex. Allow- 
ance. Desires grant of a fee for life. 

April. 90. Proportion of munition to be sent to Ireland. 

April ? 91. Declaration of Henry Davyes, Sir Warhame Sentleger's 
Cork. man, of the state of the province of Munster, and the disorders of 
the Earl of Desmond. Pledges left in Cork by Perrot, forcibly 
demanded. Cess and tax upon Sir Warhame's tenants; and in 
Lord Barrymore's country. Cormack M'Teig. James I Nileaughe 
[Ne Gillaghe], a son, of Lord Koche, besieged by Edmund Fitz 
David. Lord of the Decks preyed. Desmond's preparations, forces, 
ladders, spies, &c. 


May 2. 1. Justice Dowdall to the Lord Deputy. His letters to the Earl 

Clonmei. o f Desmond not answered, nor the messengers returned. Eoche, 

Desmond's servant, keeps Dowdall in hope that his master, Desmond, 

will come to Bealadreid within two days. Finds the country very 

quiet without spoil. 

May 7. 2. Lord Deputy to Burghley. The bearer, Harry Fytzwylly am, is 
Dublin Castle, going to abide in Lincolnshire. To be paid 300?. Sir H. Sydney's 
indentures of Scampton. 





May 8. Lord Deputy to the Privy Council. Earl of Clanrycard will 
Dublin Castle, not assure that his sons shall be conformable. Imprest of his 
entertainment. [See Extract, 1574, Nov. 25.] Incloses, 

i. Justice Dowdall to [Lord Deputy ?] touching the Earls of 
Desmond and Clanrycard. [Ibidem.] 

ii. Letter from Cadiz to one in Dublin, containing Spanish 
advertisements. [Ibidem.] 

May 8. 3. Lord Deputy to Burghley. Bills for the year's victualling sent 
Dublin Castle, by Chichester. Prays the payment of all those accounts. 

May 8. 4. Sir E. Fyton to same. Hopes the 5,000. now come will not be 
so suddenly defrayed. John Pette paid. Horsey, Apsley, &c. 

5. Sir Brian M'Felim to the Queen. Is ashamed to show his face in 
the presence of true subjects. Has thrown himself on Her Majesty's 
mercy. Submission to Essex. Eenounces his title to his lands. 
Requests to be farmer of Claneboy for a year. Refers to the 
bearer William Morgan. Intends to wait upon the Earl of Essex 
into England. [Original, signed with a mark.] 

May 8. The conditions whereupon Sir Brian M'Felim's pledges are 
delivered to the Earl of Essex. [See Dom. Eliz., Vol. XCVII., 
page 7.] 

May 8. 

Camp near 

May 9. 


6. Sir E. Fyton to Burghley. The Lord Deputy required his bill 
for 2,000. in exchange for victualling bills to that amount. Fyton 
yielded for the sake of quiet, but desires Burghley's letters on the 

May 12. 7. Lord Deputy to the Privy Council. The bearer, H. Colley, 
Dublin Castle, to be of the Council, and to have consideration for his service past. 

May 12. 8. Same to Burghley. Colley 's commendable government in the 
Dublin Castle, seneschalship of King's County. 

May 12. 9. Same to same. Commends Mr. Nicholas Harbart, the 
Dublin Castle, bearer. 

May 1 3. 

Camp near 

May 13. 

Camp near 


10. Earl of Essex to the Queen. His journey accompanied by 
Morgan and Acres, April 20. Encamped at Kells the 26th. Sir 
Brian M'Felim accompanied with Scots. Skirmish and parley with 
him. His deceit and subsequent submission with great appearance 
of repentance and promise of amendment. His land let to him for 
15,000 beeves for the first year. The Queen to use the lands from 
Belfast to Olderfleet. The 200 soldiers from Cheshire and Lancashire 
too simple for labourers. Moore's and Deering's bands disappoint 
the day and mutiny. The taking away the government of Ulster 
from Essex did great hurt. Accompanied by Dungannon against 
Sir Brian. Bearer Morgan and Captain Malbie much commended. 

11. Same to same. For a pardon to be sent over to Sir Brian 



May 13. 

Camp near 

May 13. 

Camp near 

May 13. 

Camp near 

May 14. 


May J5. 

Camp by 

May 16. 


May 17. 

May 17. 
May 18. 

May 18. 
May 1 8. 


12. Earl of Essex to the Privy Council. Journey against Sir Brian 
M'Felim. He is proclaimed traitor and 200. offered for his head. 
Lack of carriage for victuals. Sir Brian confesseth Claneboy to 
appertain to the Queen. Essex intends a journey upon the Scots 
and will be accompanied by Sir Brian. Sir Brian promises to build 
Belfast as if for himself and then deliver it to the Queen's use. 

13. Same to Burghley. The sickness at Carrickfergus carried off 
15 and 20 a day. Has kept the 200 men that he carried thence, 
in the English Pale to his great charges. Her Majesty's intention 
to call him home ten times more grievous than all the former miseries. 
The bearer Morgan to be knighted. 

14. Same to Mr. Francis Walsyngham. Complains that men were 
not sent to supply the place of those who died. Stay of the Berwick 
soldiers. No likelihood of Desmond's submission. 

15. Mr. Edward Barkley to Burghley. Sir Brian hath put in his 
pledge to gain time till our victual is spent. No wool on the sheep 
to make mantles ; no flax ; no credit nor traffic but with the Scots. 
Hopes Burghley has defended him from the fault of losing Bally- 
martyr, imputed by Sir John Perrot. 

16. Barnaby Goche to same. The loss of two or three men 
amazed the rebel. Sir Brian M'Felim might well have kept his 
people out of our hands this summer. Captain Malbie's discreet 
dealing commended. 

17. Earl of Essex to same. Question made of his title to a manor 
delivered to Her Majesty for his debts. Intreats Burghley 's pro- 

18. Plot for the Keformation of Claneboy and the North of 
Ireland, by accepting the offer made by five of the Lords of the 
Council to supply the place of the shrinking adventurers. 

19. Copy of the above. 

20. The Queen to the Lord Deputy. Allows that Desmond should 
submit himself in England. If he remain obstinate he is to 
be prosecuted immediately. Viscounts Rosse, Barry and others 
cautioned not to repair unto Desmond. [Minute. Mem., Deputy 
answers this as of May 16, see June 2; but as 18 in letter to 
Desmond of June 1, copy.] 

Copy of the above. [Dom. Eliz., Vol. XLV., p. 56.] 

21. The Queen to the Lord Deputy. Horrible outrages committed 
by a brother of Sir Barnaby Fitzpatrick upon the Earl of Ormond's 
tenants to be severely punished. Ormond with 200 English to 
repress the O'Mores and O'Conors now committing outrages even 
to the gates of Dublin. 

May 18. Copy of the above. [Dom. Eliz., Vol. XLV., p. 54.] 



MaylS? 22. Names of malefactors that have committed horrible murders, 
burned villages, &c., maintained by Sir Barnaby in Ossory, and by 
O'Carroll, including the Gilly Duff O'Kennedy. 

May 18. 23. N. White to Burghley. This grave man Mr. Harry Colley 
Dublin. always ruled by law and justice. 

May 18. 

May 19. 

May 20. 

May 20. 


24. Auditor Jenyson to same. Has finished the accounts of Sir 
W. Fytzwylliam for the Treasurer's office ready to declare to the 
Commissioners. Orders sent over by John Symcott for taking 
forfeitures. Malbie and others overpaid. Might above 4,000. in 
Her Majesty's debt. 

to the Deputy. To signify to certain noblemen 
of Munster Her Majesty's displeasure at their being with the Earl 
of Desmond, considering the manner of his departure from Dublin, 
contemptuous behaviour, &c. Has procured a warrant for the 
5,0001. employed in victuals. Deputy's sound proceedings towards 
Essex. [Copy. On same paper with 1579, July 28, where see it.] 

25. Notes of such things as the Lord Deputy is to be answered 
in, mentioned in his letters during April. 

26. H. Acworthe to Burghley. Desmond follows the counsel of 
James Fitzniaurice, the Seneschal of Martyrstown? [Martiston], and 
Rory M'Shane. Desmond has imprisoned Sir Thomas of Desmond's 
lady and banished him. Intention to maintain the Brehon Law. 
Lenity has made rebellion an occupation. Desperate Irishmen not 
to be reclaimed by lenity. Praise of Bellyngham and Sydney. 
Munster prays for a Perrot or a Gylberte, two worthy knights. 

27. Note of 35,259?. 6s. 8d. paid since 1573, May 20, for Ireland 
causes, by the four Tellers. 

28. Auditor Jenyson to Burghley. Certain money to be charged 
upon the Lord Deputy's account. Has received direction of the 
Lord Deputy for taking the Earl of Essex's accounts. Prays for 
warrant and directions. 

29. L. Dillon to same. Mischief in so many places, and the Lord 
Deputy so ill assisted in civil or martial causes, that the State is 
likely to grow worse. Colley 's great losses and integrity. 

30. Sir Edw. Fyton to same. Commends the bearer George Hunt, 
Lieutenant to the late Capt. Wm. Basnet. A tall man whom Fyton 
saw take wounds very valiantly in Connaught. 

31. Petition of George Hunte to the Privy Council. His 35 
years' service, wounds, and maims. Prays for a pension or a charge 
of service with entertainment. 

May 29. 32. "W. Herlle's collections of John Corbyn's speech touching 

England.] Ireland and the Earl of Desmond. He saw the Earl in the field 

with M'Maurice, Sir John of Desmond, James Fitzmaurice, 

May 20. 

May 21. 


May 25. 


May 29. 


May 29 




May 31. 


May 31. 





McCarthy Reagh, and above 3,000 men. Desmond's preparation 
is 20,000 men, and 38 galleys. They intend to use all the cruelty 
and torments they may towards the Queen's friends. To scale 
Kilmallock and take Cork. To purge the country as well of the 
name of England, as of the people. McCarthy More. Desmond will 
fortify Valentia and put it in the hands of the foreigner. 

33. Sir Edw. Fyton to Burghley. Has taken Capt. Colleys' 
warrants, bills and docquet, and delivered to him his bill. 

34. Same to same. The satisfaction of Mr. Davells and others. 

35. Notes by Burghley as to Desmond, Clanrycard, and Turlough 

36. Burghley and others to the Earl of Essex, in answer to his 
of April 15. Explain that they had not mistaken his meaning and 
offers. [Draft in Burghley's hand.~] 

37. Copy of part of the above. 

38. Mr. Garret [Fitzgeraldj's information for the Earl of Kildare. 
Malicious report that the Earl might withstand the traitorous 
attempts of the Conors, Mores, Byrnes, and Tooles. His captain- 
ships, risings out, coin, and livery being taken away, he has only 
household servants, while those rebels number 1,200 in arms. 
Proffered services. 

June 1. 39, Memorial for Ireland by Burghley. 

June 2. 40. Lord Deputy to the Queen. Desmond. By advice of the 
Dublin Castle. Council he forbears to signify to the Lords of Munster Her Majesty's 
misliking of their repair to Desmond. 

June 2. 41. Same to the Privy Council. Little hope of Desmond. He 
Dublin Castle, has gone over the mountains against the Earl of Claucarr. Spanish 
preparations. Essex. Clanrycard's sons protected for six months. 
H. Colley. Edward Moore has made a likely beginning against the 
O'Conors. Thanks for his imprest and the 5,000?. for victual. 
Sackford. Incloses, 

41. i. Lord Deputy and Council to Earl of Desmond. Signify 
Her Majesty's pleasure by Justice Dowdall. 

April 17, Dublin Castle. 

41. ii. Instructions to James Dowdall, Esq., to deal with the 
Earl of Desmond. April 17 ', Dublin. 

41. in. Earl of Desmond to Lord Deputy and Council. Desires 
that Sir E. Fyton and Mr. Agarde may be sent as pledges during 
his repair to Dublin. May 8. Bealdrohid. 

41. iv. Same to Justice James Dowdall. A protection desired. 
The place of meeting to be Kilkenny or Leighlin. 



41. V. Lord Deputy and Council to Earl of Desmond. Fyton 

and Agarde cannot be sent as hostages. Send protection. Require 
Fox to be punished for spoiling Gapt. Bourchier s man, and the 
money restored. May 12, Dublin Castle. 

41. vi. Earl of Desmond to the Lord Deputy. Thanks for his 
willingness to bestow his friendship upon him. Cannot make 
present answer till he have consulted the Lords of the country. 
Promises a determinate answer by the pursuivant. 

May 17, Robertstowne. 

41. vii. Same to same. Has taken Capt. Bourchier and his men, 
for beginning a stir in his country. May 14, Robertstowne. 

41. viii. Lord Deputy and Council to Earl of Desmond. "Why 
Captain Bourchier was sent down. Require that he may be dis- 
missed, with his company and furniture, and James Fitzmaurice 
punished. May 18, Dublin Castle. 

41. ix. Same to same. To certify whether he will go over to 
England or no, and by what time he will be embarked. 

June 1, Dublin Castle. 

41. x. Piers Walslie to same. The Deputy ready to serve him. 
Though James Fitzmaurice did keep out so long, he had nothing to 
lose. Desires a safe conduct. May 20, the Hospital. 

41. xi. Morishe Shaghne to Piers Walshe. Desmond doth stay 
the pursuivant to have the advice of Sir John of Desmond and Sir 
James Fitzgerald. Cannot say that Desmond will go without 
hostages. May 24, The Island. 

41. xii. Docquet of the forces to be led into the field against the 
Earl of Desmond. Victualler and money. June 2. 

41. xin. Information by Thomas Colman. Preparation of 
ships and troops in Spain and Portugal. An English galley- 
slave written to by Stucley, to know if he had been on the coast of 

June 2. 42. Lord Deputy to Burghley. Thanks for the order for his 
Dublin Castle, entertainment. Desires the money for the victualling may be des- 
patched. Fears Sackford has no stock. The Treasurer Fyton. 
Desmond traitorously infected with foreign practices or his own 
immoderate ambition. 

June 2. 43. Same to the Privy Council, in favour of the bearer Anthony 

Dublin Castle. Colcloght to have the fee farm of the dissolved monastery of Tintern, 

&c., in recompense for his right to St. Molins or the Barony of 

Timolin, which Brian M'Cahir a late reclaimed rebel keepeth from 


[June 2.] 44. Petition of Anthony Colcloght of Tintern in the county of 
Wexford, Esq., to same, for Her Majesty's letters to the Lord 
Deputy to put him in possession of Timolin, or else to grant him the 
fee farm of Tintern and residue of the lands. 


June 2. 

Dublin Castle, 

June 2. 

June 2. 


June 2. 


June 2. 


June 2. 
June 3. 

June 4. 


June 4. 


June 5. 



Lord Deputy to the Privy Council. Order to stay Captain 
Malbie's impresting, till the strangers be satisfied for their wools. 
[See Extract, 1574, Nov. 25.] 

45. Adam Loftus, Archbishop of Dublin, to Burghley. Commends 
the bearer Mr. Henry Colley. 

46. Vice-Treasurer Fyton to same. His dealing with the Lord 
Deputy. Different interpretations of the amount of imprest to 
the Lord Deputy. The Council's heavy letters to Fyton. Incloses, 

46. i. Sir Edw. Fyton to the Privy Council. Exculpates himself 
from the charges laid against him by the Lord Deputy, of refusing 
martial service in Munster. May, Dublin. 

47. Thomas Sackford to Burghley. His arrival at Cork with 
victual, "April 24. Earl of Desmond mindeth not to be a good 
subject. Has delivered articles of information to the bearer James 
Brincklowe of the evil state of that Earl. Fears to write the truth. 

47. i. Captain Robert Holmes to Tho. Sackford. Is glad that 
he has victuals. Prays some may be sent while the Earl of Des- 
mond and Dowdall are parleying. Trusts to fare the better for his 
being chief victualler. Capt. Bourchier's man coming to them 
from Dublin with money, spoiled of all he had. 

May 2, KilmallocJc, 

47. n. Same to same. Distress for provisions. Being about to 
depart he obtained a supply for 20Z., which he begs Sackford to 
pay to Arthur Skiddy on sight hereof. His captain is closely 
kept and not suffered to speak to a friend. May 27, Kilmallock. 

48. J. Wingfeld, Master of the Ordnance, to Burghley. Relates his 
40 years' service. Laments to be discharged, unheard and condemned 
as unworthy to live. Flies to Burghley in aid of his innocency. 

49. Memorandum of the contribution of adventurers to Claneboy. 
Proportions of men, rent and land. 

50. Petition of John Barnys of the Desert, Queen's County, to the 
Privy Council. Prays for the continuance of his pension in con- 
sideration of his great losses by the rebels, and his charges in build- 
ing a castle. 

51. JohnSymcott to Burghley. Proceedings as to the publication 
of the Book of Orders for the Reformation of Her Majesty's Ex- 
chequer. Dislike of these country judges to the orders. Good 
effect of the same on the revenue Capt. Bourchier taken. 

Earl of Kildare to the Privy Council, touching Paterson and 
Guise. [See Extract, 1574, Nov. 25.] 

52. Earl of Essex to Earl of Desmond. Entreats that his cousin 
Geprge Bourchier may be released. Remonstrates against Desmond's 
following evil counsel. 



1574 " XLVL 

June 5. Vice-Treasurer Fyton to the Privy Council for some order to 
Dublin. be taken by their Lordships concerning decayed goods of the ship of 
Marseilles. [See Extract, 1574, Nov. 25.] Incloses, 

i. Two books of the lading of the ship. [Ibidem*] 

June 6. 53. Earl of Ormond to Burghley. Colley is a good servitor. Earl 
Westchester. O f Desmond handles Capt. Bourchier cruelly. Prays for warrant 
for the lease of St. Mary Abbey. The bearer Kothe will solicit 
Ormond's causes. Davells to be despatched. 

June 10. 54. Lord Deputy to the Queen. Essex had a purpose to come 
Dublin Castle, over, but is stayed. Simon Barnewall sent to Desmond. Deputy 
will enter into actual service against Desmond by July 2. 600?. 
lent to Essex to-cut passes from Newry to Belfast. Connaught in a 
good way of pacification. Pardon for Clanrycard's sons. Edward 
Moore has chased the O'Conors from the King's County. 

June 10. 55. Same to Burghley. Earl of Desmond. Practices to discredit 
Dublin Castle. Deputy for the sake of obtaining the Government. Prays to be 
revoked. Will be favourable to Ormond. Causes betwixt his people 
and Sir Barnaby Fitzpatrick. 

June 10. 56. Nicholas Walshe to same. Spoils, murders, robberies, &c., by 
Waterford. the Earl of Desmond. Need of justice. Incloses, 

56. I. Note of disorders of the Earl of Desmond since his con- 
ference with Mr. Garrett \_EdwardFitzgerald~]. Threatens the Sheriff 
of Limerick County. Pickaxes and tools brought to Askeaton. The 
controversies of the Geraldines to be discussed by his brehons. 

June 10. 57. Earl of Essex to Earl of Desmond. Earnest persuasion to 
Dublin. come in and submit to the Lord Deputy, or to go over into England 
at once. 

June 10. 58. Same to Turlough Lynagh. Calls upon him to observe 
Dublin. the conditions entered into at the Ban. His intention of going to 
England for a month deferred. He will send a gentleman to follow 
his causes. Latin. 

June 13. Same to the Queen. He is comforted by Her Majesty's 
Dublin. acceptation of his service. Answer to doubts. [See Extract, 
1574, Nov. 24.] 

June 13. 59. Petition of Capt. Henry Colley of Carbery to the Privy 
Council. Desires a grant of the seneschalship of King's County 
and Bermingham's country to him and his son George jointly. 
Desires the fee simple of lands near Carbery and Edenderry, alias 
Colleystonne. The daughter and lands of his nephew Robert Colley, 
who was slain the 5 July 1573. Also soldiers to be considered. 

June 13. 60. Notes to be considered. Sir William Drury's service. The 
invasion and proclaiming of Desmond. Clanrycard's sons to be 
pardoned. Sackford. Earl of Essex's enterprise. 




June 14>. 


June 1 

June 14. 


61. Earl of Essex to the Lords Treasurer, Chamberlain, Leicester, 
and Secretary Walsynghain. Consents to remain at the Newry 
during the service against Desmond. Capt. Malbie reports a quarrel 
between Sir Brian M'Felim and the Scots. Marriage between the 
Baron and O'Donnell's daughter. T. Lynagh to be attacked. A 
letter to comfort O'Donnell, and a pension to his trusty counsellor 
Owen M'Toole O'Gallagher. 

6-2. Same to Burghley. Turlough Lynagh's threatening letters 
the chief cause of Essex's stay. Hard case of the Lord Deputy in 
having precise commandment from Her Majesty to make war on 
Desmond, which he is far unable to do. Meeting between the chief 
of the O'Conors and Edward Moore. Question whether Her 
Majesty will have the people of Ulster to inhabit there for rent or 
extirpate them and plant other. Peculation of Governors. Lord 
Chamberlain Sussex and the present Deputy exculpated. Desires 
resolution whether he shall keep the government of Ulster. 

Same to the Privy Council. Journey to the Ban. Turlough 
Lynagh refuses to speak with Essex, pretending fear of the English 
Captains, who advised Dungannoii to murder him. Turlough Lynagh's 
interview and petitions. O'Donnell ventureth in a small boat to 
come to the Earl. Sir Brian M'Felim's eldest and another son 
pledges with Essex. To satisfy Her Majesty's doubting by writing 
letters will be loss of time. Sorley Boy's messages and offers. [See 
Extract, 1574, Nov. 24.] 

June 14. 63. Same to Walsyngham. Good effects of Walsyngham's friend- 
Dublin. s hip. Would be glad of certain resolutions. Desires a warrant for 
the Auditor. 

June 14. 64. Edward Waterhous to same. The world thinketh Essex of 
Dublin. small credit, not being of the Council, Stealths committed at Kil- 
mainham. Earl of Clanrycard's sons have refused their pardon. 
Advice that the Deputy should be revoked. If he break into war 
with Desmond all Munster and Connaught will rebel. Desires a buck 
for his host Fisher at Canterbury. 

June 1 5. 65. The Queen to the Lord Deputy. Esteems her honour very 

Greenwich, much wounded by the proceedings with Desmond. Deputy to 

proceed against him with the forces he has without attending 

further answer. Sir William Drury sent as a martial councillor 

with great praise. 

June 1 5. 66. John Symcott, Second Remembrancer, to Burghley. Want 
Dublin. of a third Baron of the Exchequer of English birth. The new Book 
of Orders undutifully called Symcott's. Mr. Gerrard, Mr. Bell, and 
Mr. Bassenett talked of as judges. Desmond's obstinacy groweth by 
too much courtesy and gentle intreaty. The Irish are grieved that 
Symcott or any English should live by them. Desires increase of 
his fee. 



June 16. 


June 17. 

June 20. 



67. Sir Edw. Fyton to Burghley for payment of the bearer William 
Jewett, merchant. Incloses, 

67. i. Declaration of money issued out of 5,000?. brought over 
April 24. June 1 5. 

68. Earl of Essex to Lords Burghley, Sussex, Leicester, and 
Secretary Walsyngham. In consequence of former letters from 
Desmond, he has now undertaken to go and decipher him. 

69. Privy Council to the Lord Deputy. To proceed into Munster 
against Desmond. Cork and Kinsale to be protected. Earl of 
Bedford and President of Wales have 2,000 men in readiness for 
Ireland in case of invasion. Clanrycard's sons to be pardoned. 
Sackford at great pains in the victualling. \_Draft.~\ 

June 20 70. Lord Deputy and Earl of Essex to Burghley, Sussex, Leicester, 
Dublin Castle, and Walsyngham. Essex, at the request of the whole Council, un- 
dertakes to deal with Desmond. Turlough Lynagh's messenger to 
be despatched with reference to Deputy and Essex for answer to his 
petitions. Those who live under Turlough Lynagh seek to Essex 
daily, and would gladly be rid of him and pay rent. 

June 20. Lord Deputy to the Privy Council. Barnewall. Essex hath good 
Dublin Castle, hope to draw Desmond to a conference. Four hundred Englishmen 
to be sent to fill up the bands'. [See Extract, 1574, Nov. 25.] 

June 20. 71. Same to Burghley. Essex's service in Munster would have 
Dublin Castle, been more timely when the occasions were first offered. The garrison 
to be renewed with English native soldiers. Incloses, 

71. i. Certificate of the Master of the Ordnance, of munition 
delivered and answered since his entry, 14 Sept. 1558. 1574, 
May 20. 

71. ii. Note of powder and munitions remaining in the store- 
house. April 2. 

June 20. 72. Sir Edw. Fyton to Burghley. Has accomplished Burghley 's 
Dublin. pleasure for Waterford. His private quarrel with the Lord Deputy 
has been no let to public service. Incloses, 

72. i. Note of ready money delivered to the Lord Deputy. 

June 1. 

June 20. 73. Earl of Desmond to Earl of Essex. Is determined to follow his 
Lough Gurr. advice and commit himself wholly unto him. Will meet him at 
Kilmacthomas the 1st of July. 

June 24. 74. Earl of Essex to Burghley. Received by Waterhouse a note 
Dublin. of provisions which Sir Thomas Smith alleges to have been sent with 
his son into the Ardes. Cannot learn of the tenth part. 

June 28. 


75. Mr. Vice-Treasurer Fyton to same. Has satisfied the in- 
habitants of Waterford with receipt of their bills. 

76. Mr. Thomas Sackford to [same]. Evil doings of Desmond 
during the truce concluded with Justice Dowdall in May. Captain 


1574. VOL.XLVI. 

Bourchier. Wheat sent to relieve Kilmallock spoiled by Edmund 
M'Rudderie, the White Knight's son. 

June. 77. Concordatunis and extraordinary allowances for one quarter, 
ending 25th June and to the last of June. 

June ? 78. The Queen to Auditor Jenyson. Warrant to pass the Earl of 
Essex's accounts. [Minute.~\ 

June ? 79. Notes by Burghley on Henry Colley's request. Also suits of 
Richard Pepper, Anthony Colcloght, &c. 

June? 80. Petition of Richard Pepper, of Balreynet in Bermingham's 
country, to the Privy Council, for the fee farm of the castle of 
Ballereynet and 60 acres, and for satisfaction to the assignees of 
Edmund M 'Alexander, deceased, who had the reversion of the same. 

June? 81. Petition of Captain Pers to the Queen, for recompense for the 
constableship of Knockfergus, for his house, and for the diet of 
Seneschal of Claneboy for four years, for remission of 200?. and 
the fee farm of the abbey of Tristernagh in Westmeath. 


July 3. 1. Lord Deputy Fytzwylliain to Sir Barnaby Fitzpatrick. The 

Dublin Castle. Earl of Ormond's endeavours to reduce good order thwarted by 

Fitzpatrick. To apprehend the spoilers of William O'Brohe and 

Lieghmokevog. Sir Barnaby to come to Dublin to answer. [Copy, 

certified by the Sovereign of Kilkenny, &c.~[ 

Juty 7. Earl of Desmond's submission before the Lord Deputy and 

Council. [See Dom. Eliz., Vol. XL V., page 84.] 

July 8. Articles propounded to the Earl of Desmond, and his answers. 

[See Dom. Eliz., Vol. XL V., page 86.] 

July 10. 2. Earl of Ormond to Burghley. Desmond after his coming un- 

Dublin. dutifully refused to perform Her Majesty's pleasure. He is to return 

to be proclaimed and prosecuted as a traitor. Sir John of Desmond 

and James Fitzmaurice offer to serve the Queen. Orinond desires to 

receive them. 

July 10. 3. Earl of Essex to the Lords. Interview with Desmond, and 

Dublin. conference in presence of the Countess of Desmond and Earl of 

Kildare, Release of Captain Bourchier. War concluded against 

Desmond unseasonably. General revolt of Ulster expected. Essex 

and Kildare bound to safe-conduct Desmond to his country. Incloses, 

3. i. Articles by the Lord Deputy and Council delivered to the 
Earl of Desmond. With the Earl's answers. July 8. 


1574. VOL.XLVII. 

July 10. 4. Earl of Essex to Burghley. His losses of victual great and 
Dublin. transportation very chargeable. The bearer Mr. Goage has both a 
mind and a body meet for arms. Incloses, 

4. i. Articles covenanted between the Earl of Essex and Francis 
Laney, gent., for victualling 1,000 men in Carrickfergus, Belfast, 
Coleraine, Glenarm, Dunluce, Olderfleet, &c. June 28. 

July 10. 5. Robert Pavy to Paul Green. Sir Henry Sydney is to land at 
St. Paul's Cork. He will come with as great honour as ever Deputy came 

Church Yard. ^ Ireland- [Extract.] 
July 10. 6. Similar extract. 

July 11. 7. Lords of the Council to the Earl of Essex. His enterprise in 
Windsor. Ulster most necessary to be continued. Hope Desmond will be 
brought to conformity. Adventurers to inhabit Claneboy next 
spring. Garrison to fortify Belfast. Sir Brian's aid therein to be 
used. Turlough Lynagh's petitions. To temporize with Sorley Boy 
and the Scots. Waterhouse and victuals. 

July 11. Lord Deputy and Council to the Queen. Desmond's answers 
Dublin Castle, at Dublin. His treason and rebellion fully discovered. Ormond 
despatched to the frontiers. [See Extract, 1574, Nov. 25.] 

July 11. 8. Same to the Privy Council. Desmond's submission and 

Dublin Castle, refusal of the articles. Earls of Essex and Kildare have earnestly 

travailed to bring him to conformity. Arrangements for taking the 

field against him. Earl of Ormond's costly preparations. Captains 

Collier and Morgan sent into Munster. Inclose, 

8. i. Articles propounded to the Earl of Desmond, and his 
answers. July 8. 

July 11. Lord Deputy and Council to the Privy Council. If Her 
Dublin Castle. Majesty's honour be wounded in proceeding no sooner by force 
against Desmond, he will seek to heal it with the venture of his 
life against him. [See Extract, 1574, Nov. 25.] 

July 12. Note of business propounded in the Privy Council, relating 
to Ireland. [See Dom. Eliz., Vol. XCVIL, No. 33.] 

July 12. 9. Lord Deputy Fytzwylliam to Burghley. Doubts the dealings 

Dublin Castle, for his revocation. Desmond's obstinate refusal of the offers and 

intreaties of Kildare and Essex. Sir John of Desmond to be drawn 

from him by liberal consideration. His diets while Lord Justice 

claimed. Harry Colley. Void states in Leix and OfFaly. 

July 12. 10. Same to Walsyngham. The last despatch was bitter indeed : 
Dublin Castle, hopes his answers will qualify the bitterness. Desires the change of 
officers in his time. 

July 13. 11. The Queen to the Lord Deputy. To grant commission and 
Windsor Castle, authority to the Earl of Essex, to compound with the Irish of Ulster 
for taking their lands of the Queen upon certain rent?. 



July 13. 


July 14. 

July 14. 

July 15. 

July 16. 


July 16. 


July 16. 


July 16. 


July 16. 


July 16. 


12. The Queen to the Earl of Essex. Commends him for alluring 
the rude Irish to civility by his discretion rather than the shedding of 
blood. To be answered by the Council touching T. Lynagh, O'Don- 
nell, &c. 

13. N. White, Master of the Kolls to Burghley. Complains of 
crosses from the Lord Keeper, Archbishop Loftus, and desires a 
Chancellor may be appointed. His letters to Mr. Secretary Smith 
intercepted and detained by the Lord Keeper. 

14. Auditor Jenyson to same. Proceedings as to the Lord 
Deputy's long account. Earl of Essex. Requests to have the books 
done by Sir N. Arnold and Wm. Bermyngham. Gift of the country. 

15. Vice-Treasurer Fyton to same. Desires a new supply of 

16. Earl of Ormond to same. Earl of Desmond yields to no 
reason. Ormond showed him how his house would be overthrown for 
ever. The report that Piers Butler would not come to the Deputy 
false. Sir Barnaby Fitzpatrick has burned two of his chief houses 
as a welcome. Clanrycard a faithful subject. Is glad of Her 
Majesty's pardon. Piers Grace joined with Desmond much dreaded. 
News from Spain. 

17. Edward Barkley to same, 
borrowed of the Lord Barkley. 

To pay 300?. which he had 

18. Examination of Robert Wise, merchant. The manner of his 
escape from Bilboa. Morish Rieughe, the pretended Archbishop 
of Cashel, ready to go with the fleet. Stores fit for service in 
Ireland. The priest, Sir Simon Connell, endeavours to engage pilots. 
[Copy, certified by James Sherloke the Mayor.'} 

19. J. Sherloke, Mayor, to [the Lord Deputy]. Present arrival of 
news from Biscay. 

20. Examination of Robert Wise, merchant. [Another copy of 
No. 18.] 

21. Leonard Fidalgoto Lewis Braze. Molendus and Olivarez pre- 
paring the great fleet, &c. [Extract translated from the Portuguese.] 

22. Henry Ac worth to [the Lord Deputy]. The likelihood of 
Spanish invasion and danger of Papists' fidelity. 

July 18. Lord Deputy to Privy Council. 
Dublin Castle, of the West and Wales, sent over. 

To have the 2,500 men, out 
[See Extract, 1574, Nov. 25.] 

July 18. 23. Same to Burghley. Earls of Essex and Kildare in their way 
Dublin Castle, with Desmond homewards continued their persuasions. His obstinacy 
argues Spanish danger. Her Majesty's navy. Incloses, 

23. i. Lord Deputy to the Privy Council. Reasons to show that 
the Spanish preparations are destined for Ireland. Prays the 2,600 
soldiers prepared by the Earl of Bedford and President of Wales 
may be sent. July 18, Dublin Castle. 

2. C 


1574. VOL.XLVIL 

23. II. J. Sherlocke, Mayor, to [the Lord Deputy]. Present 
arrival of a bark, and news from Biscay of a great fleet to invade 
Ireland. [Copy of No. 19.] July 16, Waterford. Incloses, 

23. in. Examination of Robt. Wise, merchant. His ship 
escapes from Bilboa, as if bound to St. Andros with certain of the 
navy intended for Ireland. Morish Riawghe, pretended Arch- 
bishop of Cashel, ready to go with the navy. Salt, corn, and sword- 
blades. Pickaxes and crows. [Copy of No. 18.] July 16, Waterford. 

23. iv. Leonard Fidalgo to Lewis Braze, Piero Molendus 
and Count D'Olivarez in person haste forth the fleet. 120 new 
ships. Pilots. Report that the French King is killed, and that 
the King of Poland is coming into France with great power. 
[Extract translated from Portuguese. Copy of No. 21.] Bilboa. 

23. v. Henry Acworth to [the Lord Deputy]. The Spaniard 
who sold his bark at Dungarvan was a spy, and repaired to Court 
on his arrival in Spain. ' Spanish blades for the Earl of Desmond. 
Citizens much beholding to Stucley. Papists taught to keep no 
duty, nor promise to Protestants, princes or other. [Copy of No. 22.] 

July 16, Waterford. 

23. vi. James Wyse, Sheriff of the county of Waterford, to 
the same. His brother, who was at Bilboa the 2nd of July, 
reports that Don John de Austria, with 50,000 men, is gone to 
Flanders. Pyer Molendus, Matassete, and Belltrodono are the 
chief captains of the fleet coming from Spain. 

July 16, Waterford. 

July 18. 24. Lord Deputy to Walsyngham. Danger from foreign parts. 
Dublin Castle. The soldiers in the west of England. 

July 18. 25. Earl of Desmond to the Privy Council. Notwithstanding 
Askcaton. n i s submission and consent to the articles delivered to him, the Lord 
Deputy has concluded upon a war with him. 

July 18. 26, 27. Combination of the Earl of Desmond and his kinsmen and 
friends, to withstand the Lord Deputy's force, and not to yield to so 
unreasonable a demand as is contained in the Articles of 8th July. 
[Two copies.] 

July 21. - 28. Andrew Skyddye, Mayor, to Burghley. Every man fears 
Cork. trouble. Incloses, 

28. i. Mayor and Brethren of Waterford to the Corporation of 
Cork, The preparations in Spain. Certain of their neighbours 
requested to be pilots in the great fleet. July 19, Waterford 

July 23. 29. Vice-Treasurer Fyton to Burghley. For payment of 800?. to 
Dublin. the bearer Henry Cusake, merchant of Dublin. 

July 23 ? 30. Petition of Henry Cusake, merchant of Dublin, to the Lord 
Treasurer for present payment of a part of 758?. 7s. 3d. 


1574 . VOL.XLVII. 

July 24. 31. Mr. Treasurer F. Knollys to the Lord High Treasurer 
[prob. London.] Burghley, for orders to pay 5001. to Barolle, the Earl of Essex's 

July 28. 32. Capt. Brian Fytzwyllyams to same. Detained for want of 
Liverpool, wind with the 200 footmen he received from London. Desires a 
new supply of money. 

July 30. 33. Vice-Treasurer Fyton to same. Deputy, Fyton, and Mr. 

White Friars. Marshal will go against Desmond next Monday. Irishmen's practices 

pass all honest men's compass. If ever Her Majesty reduce them to 

honesty it must be against their wills. A present of six cadows 

toward the furnishing of Theobalds. Incloses, 

33. i. Declaration of the defraying of the 5,000?. arrived in 
April. [Duplicate.'] July 30. 

33. II. Earl of Desmond to Vice-Treasurer Fyton. Declares his 
faithfulness as a subject. Desires Fyton' s means to the Lord De- 
puty that his country be not invaded till he receive Her Majesty's 
answer to his last letters. July 26, Lough Ourr. 

July. 34. Privy Council to the Lord Deputy. The Queen marvels 

much that he has not approached nearer to the Earl of Desmond. 
To have a good eye to Cork, Limerick, Youghal, and Waterford. 
To proclaim Desmond traitor, &c. Clanry card's sons to be pardoned. 
Sackford continues victualler. 

[July.] 35. The Queen to the same. Mislikes the slender kind of 
dealing with Desmond, and also Desmond's rude and barbarous 
answers. If he be not yet proclaimed traitor, to grant him the 
toleration he requires until the reformation be general. 

36. The names of those who do mislike with the Geraldiues 
being in Munster. 

37. Copy of the above names. 

38. Note of 25,624Z. lls. lid. issued to Essex since June 1573. 

Aug. 1. 39. Earl of Desmond to the Lord Deputy and Council. Offers 

Arlaghe. to deliver pledges to the Earls of Essex and Kildare, to deliver up 

the castles of Maynge and Martyrstown if the Queen accepts his 

offers. [Inclosed in a letter to the Privy Council of 3 Aug., not 

extant in this collection.] 

[Aug. 2.] The Queen to the Lord Deputy. Has received the Earl 
of Desmond's answers to certain articles propounded to him. 
Desmond's demand for hostages, a request more fit for a prince 
than a subject. Deputy to cause some collection to be made both 
of his undutiful doings and Her Majesty's merciful dealing towards 
him. A proclamation of Her Majesty's meaning to act with equity. 
Authority to promise to Sir John of Desmond some of his brother's 
land [See Dom. Miz., Vol. XL V., p. 78.] 

c 2 



,574. VO..XLVII. 

Aug. 2. 40. Lord Deputy to the Privy Couucil. His journey against 
Dublin Castle. Desmond stayed till Essex's return. Earl of Kildare left in charge 
of the English Pale. His difficult demands having put away all 
followers to live according to English government. Gormanstown 
and Delvin refuse to sign the proclamation of rebellion. Desmond 
accounts upon Spanish aid. Incloses, 

40. i. Earl of Essex to the Lord Deputy. Ten vessels full of Irish 
Scots landed in Loughfoyle. T. Lynagh hath sent a defiance to 
the Baron of Dungannon. M'Mahon's complaint. Victuallers to 
make speedy provisions at Newry and Dundalk. 

July 30, Dundalk. 

40. n. Lord Deputy and Council to the Earl of Essex. His 
commission in full force. Gentlemen of Louth to answer his 
Lordship. Aug. 2. 

Aug. 2. 41. Lord Deputy to Burghley. Sets forward this day into 
Dublin Castle. Munster. Want of money. Favour to Sir N. Bagenall, neither 
aged nor diseased, but forward in Her Majesty's service. 

Aug. 3. 42. Same to same. The conference between the Earls of Ormond 
Naas. and Desmond. Money. 

Aug. 3. Same to the Privy Council. Ormond dealeth to conform 
Naas. Desmond. [See Extract, 1574, Nov. 25.] 

Aug. 16. 43. Same to same. The bishoprick of Killaloe for Maurice 
Camp besides a li, s Morgan M'-I-Brien Ara, 


44. Auditor Jenyson to Burghley. The Commissioners after seven 
weeks' sitting have passed Sir W. Fytzwylliams's account. William 
Bermyngham's books wanted. Cess. Incloses, 

44. i. Abstract of Sir William Fytzwylliams's account. 

1573, Mar 31. 

44. n. State of the garrison, exclusive of 250 arrived under 
command of Brian Fytzwylliams. 1574, Aug. 

Aug. 22. 45. Lord Deputy, Marshal, and Vice-Treasurer to Burghley. 
Camp at Cion- For repayment of 500/. borrowed of the city of Waterford. Their 
man cionmei. eSt rea diness to supply other wants commended. 

Aug.? 46. Declaration of the defraying of 2,349?. 11s. 8d. received in 
Aug. 1574. 

Sept. 3. 47. Lord Deputy, Ormond, and others to the Queen. In all 
Cork. treaties with Desmond, regard paid both to Her Majesty's merciful 
inclination and to her honour. Ormond's dealings with Desmond. 
Sir John of Desmond reads the proclamation of treason and intreats 
it may be stayed. Darnilare Castle besieged by the Lord Deputy 
and all slain. Desmond's humble repair to the Deputy at Clonmel. 

Aug. 17. 




Sept. 3. 


Sept. 3. 

Sept. 10. 

Sept. 10. 



He disperses his forces. Castlemaigne delivered to Captain Apsley. 
Ballymartyr. Earl of Thorn ond. Clanry card's sons. Essex. Inclose, 

47. i. Humble submission of Gerrot Earl of Desmond before the 
Lord Deputy. Sept. 2, Cork. 

47. II. Humble submission of John de Burgo, son of Earl 
Clanrycard, before Lord Deputy and Council. Aug. 15, Clonmel. 

48. Lord Deputy to the Queen. Commends Ormond's martial 
provision, and furtherance of the service. The Treasurer and 
Marshal much commended. Trusts Her Majesty's revocation will 
be with favour. A supply of money to cass 400 or 500 of the 

49. Same to Walsyngham. Kecommends the Earl of Essex to 
occupy the justiceship of Ireland. To procure that the Earl of 
Ormond may have his deserved thanks. Faithful assistance of 
Fyton and Bagenall. Incloses, 

49 i. The cancelled proclamation against Desmond, offering 
1,000?. and a pension to any one to bring him in, or 500?. for his 
head. 1574, 1 Aug. 

50. Vice-Treasurer Fyton to Burghley, Commendation of the 
bearer, Piers Sherloke, Alderman of Waterford, appointed to receive 
payment of 500?. 

51. Order taken by the Lord Deputy and Council, for the 
re-edifying of the town, abbey, church, and walls of Athenry by a 
cess of 1,200 kine on the country of Clanricard. 

[Sept. 10.] 52. Requests of the town of Athenry to the Privy Council, that 
the commission to the Archbishop of Dublin and others may be 
renewed. The restitution to be made by the Earl of Clanrycard's 
sons, &c. 

Sept. 1 1. 53. Lord Deputy to Burghley. That the bearer Piers Sherloke 
Limerick. m ay taste his Lordship's favour. 

Sept. 1 2. 54. Lord Deputy and Council to the Queen. Perfect conclusion 

Limerick, -with Desmond. Earnest show of duty and speech full of loyal 

emphasis, at taking the oath of allegiance. Sir Donnell O'Brien's 

conformity. Delivers the castle of Moyebreghan. Athenry. 

Humbly prefer Desmond's letters to Her Majesty. 

Sept. 12. 55. Eleanor, Countess of Desmond, to 
Limerick. i s reconciled, and has humbly submitted, 
restored to favour. 

the Queen. Her husband 
Beseeches that he may be 

Sept. 12. 56. Earl of Desmond to the Queen. Protests he will faithfully 
Limerick, serve and dutifully obey Her Majesty and her Governors of Ireland. 

Prays for one drop of grace to assuage the flame of his tormented 




Sept. 12. 57. Lord Deputy to Walsyngham. Difficulty in following either 
Limerick, directions or discretion. Has felt bitter storms for both.. The con- 
clusion with Desmond as Her Majesty most liked, and a great deal 
within the scope her last letters gave. Those letters to be kept 
from Desmond's knowledge. Kevocation. Francis Agarde a very 
wise man and an honest. [Damaged.] 

Sept. 12. 58. Same to Secretary Sir Thomas Smith. Thanks him for plain 
Limerick, dealing. Desmond. Revocation. Advice touching his marshalsy. 
Mr. Agarde's infirmity. 

Sept. 12. 59. Certain points for Ireland by Burghley. Earl of Thomond 
to be helped with ordnance against Sir Donnell O'Brien. Earl of 
Clanry card's lawful son by the Earl of Thomond's sister to be 
established to succeed his father. Justice Walshe to be in commis- 
sion with Mr. Agarde in Munster. Ulster to be reduced. 


[Sept. 12.] 60. Remembrances for Ireland by Burghley. 

Sept. 19. 61. Privy Council to the Earl of Essex. To send his opinion of 
Farnham. a reformation. To send some person well instructed with articles to 
charge Capt. Pers, who stands upon his innocency. Bagenall's house 
at Newry. Soldiers to be employed in Ulster. 

Sept. [19.] 62. The Queen to Lord Deputy Fytzwylliam. Glad to hear of 
Farnham. hi s good success against Desmond. Consultation to be held for 
avoiding future disorders in Munster. 

Sept. [19.] 63. Same to Vice-Treasurer Fyton and Marshal Bagenall. Good 
Farnham. acceptance of their travel and diligence. To join with the Deputy 
in a careful consideration for ordering Munster. 

Sept. [19.] 64. Same to the Earl of Ormond. The Lord Deputy has reported 
Farnham. his painful service. Good opinion always conceived of his service. 

Sept. 23. 65. Ed. Waterhous to Burghley. Victualling and accounts. 
Dublin. Differences between Essex and Turlough Lynagh. The Earl has 
passed towards Lough Foyle where O'Donnell is ready to join him. 
Magennis assured to Her Majesty. Delvin, Louth, and Dungannon 
are also with the Earl. Need of match. Prays the Deputy may 
make a journey into Ulster by the Blackwater. 

Sept. 26. 66. Lord Deputy to Walsyngham, in favour of Desmond's letters 
Dublin Castle, by the bearer, which should have been forwarded sooner. 

[Sept. 29.] 67. Money paid for Ireland out of the Court of Wards and 
Liveries from 25th March 1573 to 29th September 1574, being 
4,760?, 2s. 

[Sept. 29.] 68. Money paid for Ireland out of the receipt of the Exchequer 
from 29th Sept. 1558 to 29th Sept. 1574, being 370,7792. 7s. 6|d 
Also 21,145?. paid out of the Court of Wards. 


1674 . VOL.XLVIL 

Sept. 30. 69. Extraordinary charges for one quarter ending 30th Sept., being 
377?. 8s. 8d. 

Sept. Account of Sir William Fytzwylliams, as Treasurer at Wars, from 

23rd June 1569 to 31st March 1573. Signed by the Commissioners, 
including his successor in office Sir Edw. Fyton. \Ireland 
Folios, Vol. VII.] 

Oct. 2. 

Oct. 4. 

Oct. 8. 



1. Memorial touching the service of the Earl of Essex in Claneboy. 
Ulster government. Pay of soldiers. Victualler. Her Majesty 
to grant North Fambridge manor again, to the Earl of Essex. 

2. Condition between John de Burgo, the Earl of Clanry card's 
son, and the sept that held Corrfyne Castle. \Mefm. It would seem 
that this was used to prove John Burke' s hand at a later time.~\ 

3. Earl of Essex to the Privy Council. His repair to the borders. 
Arrest of Turlough Brasselagh's three sons for a practice to murder 
Dungannon. Their escape. Parley with Turlough Lynagh dis- 
appointed. Essex invades and burns his country. O'Donnell's aid. 
Con O'Donnell's disloyalty and imprisonments. M'Mahon. Another 
journey appointed against T. Lynagh. Gentlemen of the English 
Pale about Ulster insolent above measure. Turlough Lynagh will 
forego nothing his predecessors had. 

4. Same to Burghley. Thanks him for advice in the difference 
with the Earl of Leicester. Is persuaded that Her Majesty mislikes 
his enterprise and himself. Auditor Jenyson taketh exceeding much 
pains in his accounts. Incloses, 

4. i. Earl of Essex to the Earl of Leicester. As to the unkind- 
ness lately arisen between them. Thanks for his letters and adver- 
tisements by Mr. Ashton. Oct. 7, Dublin. 

5. Plat of the garrison necessary to be maintained for two years for 
the reformation of Ulster, sent from the Earl of Essex by Mr. 

Oct. 11. 6. Lord Deputy to Burghley. Mr. Agarde writes that Munster is 

Dublin Castle, quiet. Intends to accompany Essex in a journey against T. Lynagh. 

Has discharged 200 soldiers. Must have more money for a further 

discharge. Moves his Lordship for Mr. Treasurer who thinks his 

revocation hard. 

Oct. 11. 7. Same to Walsyngham. Examination of the causes between 
Dublin Castle. Ormond, Sir Barnaby, and O'Carroll. Hugh M'Shane. The Pale 
to answer their risings to the hosting, the men to guard the Pale, the 
carriages to go against Turlough Lynagh. 

Oct. 8. 


Oct. 8. 



Oct. 11. 8. Marshal Bagenall to the Privy Council. He has yielded his 
Dublin. house and appurtenances at the Newry to the Earl of Essex, for 
the last three months. He prays their Lordships not to persist in 
desiring that Essex should have it. 

Oct. 12. 9. Earl of Essex to same. Answer of objections to his service. 
Dublin. Discourse for Claneboy and the rest of Ulster, chiefly that part at 
the devotion of the O'Neills. 

Oct. 12. Same to the Queen. Offers to answer all objections on peril of 
Dublin. the loss of all his charges. Hopes to be recompensed for that he 

hath spent- the enterprise not failing through his fault, \_8ee Extract, 

1574, Nov. 24.] 

Oct. 1 2. Same to the Privy Council. Thanks for O'Donnell's patent and 
Dublin. Owen M'Toole's pension. Waterhous. Lord Deputy forward to 
aid his enterprise. Captain Pers's malice. Has received commis- 
sion for government and authority to let lands. [See Extract, 1574, 

Nov. 24.] 

Oct. 12. 10. Same to Walsyngham. Has answered exceptions taken to 
Dublin. his service and himself. Fears his plainness will not be held a virtue 
at the Court. The Lord Deputy stayed from Ulster by necessary 
services. For Mr. Agarde to be discharged of Munster. 

Oct. 12. 11. Vice-Treasurer Fyton to Burgh] ey for despatch of treasure. 
Dublin. Thanks for his favour in passing a lease to his son-in-l?w 

Oct. 12. 12. Archbishop of Dublin to same. Mr. Agarde like to perish if 
St. Sepulchres, he continue in Munster. His approved advice at the Council 

Oct. [12.] 13. Brief and total sum of the charges ordinary and extraordinary 
for Ireland, from 26 May 1560, to 30 Sept. 1571. With further 
reckonings to 31 March 1573. 

Oct. 13. 14. Auditor Jenyson to Burghley. Books sent by Captain Pers, 
Dublin. Aug. 17. Sir Edward Fy ton's account. Waterhouse's honest 
dealings. Earl of Essex is careless of reckonings, pleasures, fare, and 
lodging, and forward in the field without fear to endanger his 
person. The 1,600?. demanded as due to Andrew Wyse. Requests 
the late Commissioners' books detained at the Red Lion near 
Charing Cross for 106/. which Will. Bermyngham owed. Incloses, 

14. i. Particulars out of the book of arrearages, of John Parker's 
and Andreiv Wyse's debts to the Queen. 

Oct. 15. 15. Earl of Essex to Lord Howard of Emngham. Thanks for his 
Dublin. friendly offers. To use means for release of their suretyship for 
Richard Grene who has obtained his pardon. 

Oct. 16. 16. Same to the Privy Council. The Marshal has plainly denied 
Dublin. him the use of his house at the Newry. No soldiers can abide to lie 
in the carnp through the winter. To be excused for hurts on the 




Oct. 16. 


Oct. 20. 


17. Ed. Waterhous to Burghley. The Council have persuaded the 
Lord Deputy not to go in person against Turlough Lynagh. Essex 
has a secret purpose to go upon the Scots in the Glynns. He has 
appointed to meet Sir Brian M'Felim and Malbie at Massareene. 
F. Lany shrinketh from his victualling for lack of money. Essex's 
estate to be considered. 

18. Lords Gormanstown and Delvin to the Privy Council. Explain 
their not signing the proclamation against Desmond. Inclose, 

18. i. Answer of the Viscount Gormanstown and Baron Delvin 
to the Lord Deputy and Council, when questioned as to their 
refusal to sign the proclamation against Desmond. 

Oct. 22. 19. Earl of Essex to Secretary "Walsyngham for stay of a process 
Dublin. out of the Exchequer for levying a debt upon the Archbishop of 

Oct. 23. 20. Same to the Privy Council The hard interpretation of his 

Dublin. commission for Ulster. Cannot take cess or acates in Louth. No 

victualler will provide for his men on the border. He desires a 

certain supply for all his wants and difficulties or to be discharged 

of his government. 

Oct. 23. 21. Same to Burghley. Bargain with the bearer Francis Lany. 
Dublin. To have a 1,000?. imprest for victualling. His soldiers will winter 
in Knockfergus and Lecale. 

Oct. 25. 22. Lord Deputy and Council to the Privy Council. Men, 
Dublin Castle, victuals, and carriages to serve a journey of 20 days under Essex. 
The Earl required an exposition of his commission. His Lordship's 
defects cannot be supplied by them. Gormanstown and Delvin 
untruly charge the Lord Deputy and Council, that they were not 
made acquainted with the proceedings against Desmond. Inclose, 

22. i. Answer of Viscount Gormanstown and Baron Delvin 
to the Lord Deputy and Council, as to their refusal to sign the 
proclamation. Oct. 15. 

Oct. 25. 23. Lord Deputy to Burghley. Essex's journey into Ulster. 
Dublin Castle. Manner of Sackford's victualling henceforth. Quietness of Munster 
and Connaught. 

Oct. 25. 24. Same to same, for a grant for life to the bearer Richard 
Dublin Castle. Chichester, of the constableship of Limerick Castle. 

Oct. 26. 25. Same to the Privy Council, for Thomas Sackford to have the 
Dublin Castle, same composition for victualling that Might had, with some enlarge- 

Oct. 26. 26. Same to Lord Burghley, for remittal of a debt the Archbishop 
Dublin Castle, of Dublin oweth Her Majesty. He is a faithful promoter of God's 
cause, and sound furtherer of Her Majesty's services. 

Oct. 26. 27. Same to Walsyngham, for remittal of the Archbishop of 
Dublin Castle. Dublin's debt. 



Oct. 27. 28. John Symcott to Burghley, Attachment of Sir Thomas 

Dublin. Fytzwylliams and others to compel them to bring in their accounts. 

A few lines of encouragement to be written to Mr. Luke Dillon. 

Captain Pers's government of the North not much inferior to Essex's. 

Oct. 27. 29. Thomas Sackford to same. Her Majesty's loss during his 
Dublin. service. He was only sent over for the present service. He is 
willing to victual on Might's composition with a slight aug- 

Oct. 28. 30. Archbishop of Dublin to Walsyngham, for the remission of 
St. Sepulchres hi s debt to the Queen. 

by Dublin. 

Oct. 28. 31. Vice-Treasurer Fyton to Burghley. John Burke, the Earl 
Dublin. of Clanrycard's son, delivered two pledges to the Lord Deputy at 
Clonmel. Little amendment in Connaught. Essex. 

Oct. 28. 32. Memorial for a new establishment of the provinces of Ireland. 
Oct. 28. 33. Note of numbers in pay with their entertainments. 

Oct. 29. 34. Archbishop of Dublin to Burghley, for remission of his debt 
St. Sepulchres, to Her Majesty. 

Oct. 29. 35. Estimate of the charge of the recovery of Ulster by the Earl 

of Essex. 

Oct. 30. 36. Notes by Burghley as to charges and planting in Tyrone and 
Claneboy, collected out of Essex's letters to the Council, 1574, dated 
Oct. 8. 

Oct. 30. 37. Device for the garrison in Ireland, with the consent of Sir 
Henry Sydney. 

Oct. 31. 38. Mayor, &c. of Waterford to the Lord Treasurer Burghley 
Waterford. for payment of 500?. to their agent Peter Sherloke. 

Oct. 39. Privy Council to the Earl of Desmond. The Queen has been 

content to receive his letters. Desmond to declare which of the 
Council advised him to leave Dublin, when he came there with 
Essex and Kildare. 

Oct. 40. Lord President Sydney's notes for Ireland, and demands in 

case he were sent again to be Deputy. Soldiers' pay to be sterling. 
Titles. Parliament. Sydney ready to serve in mind and body, but 
in debt and has no furniture towards any journey. 

Oct. 41, Memorandum for Ireland. 

Oct. 42. Money paid for Ireland causes by warrant. 

Oct. 43. Names of the towns and villages, spoiled by the war in the 

county of Kildare only, between May 1572 and 20 Oct. 1574. 

[Nov. 6.] 44. Declaration of money paid for Ireland out of the Court of 
Wards, from the beginning of Her Majesty's reign till 6 Nov. 1574. 


1574> VOL. XLVHI. 

Nov. 8. 45. Doubts to be resolved by the Earl of Essex, as to the 
plantation of Claneboy, &c. [Early Draft.] 

Nov. 8. 46. Privy Council to the Earl of Essex. His plat for Ulster 
recommended to the Queen. Expedient that Essex should repair 
hither, or send answer to certain objections by Malbie and Water- 
hous. Inclose, ;> 

46. i. Doubts to be resolved by the Sari of Essex. 

Nov. 9. 47. The Queen to the Earl of Essex. Great good liking of 
his plat for Ulster. Desires his repair over if possible. 

Nov. 9. 48. Privy Council to the Lord Deputy. Essex is appointed to 
Hampton Conrt. participate with his Lordship as to leaving his charge in Ulster 
to repair to Court. Deputy to bend his forces towards Ulster. 
Composition with Sackford. 

[Nov. 15.] 49. The differences between Might's composition and Lany's. 

[Nov. 15.] 50. Demands of Francis Lany touching the victualling of the 
North of Ireland. 

[Nov. 15.] 51. Remembrances to the Earl of Essex, touching the victualling 
of his soldiers. To talk with Lany, &c. 

Nov. 17. 52. Lord Deputy to the Privy Council. Thought so ill of the 
Dublin Castle, petition to be released from cess, that he would have committed the 
preferers, but for the opinion of the Council. Incloses, 

52. i. Petition of the Lords, Knights, and others of the English 
shires to the Lord Deputy and Council, to be rid of cess. 

52. ii. Answer to the above, concluded on by the Lord Deputy 
and Council. Oct. 29, Dublin Castle. 

52. in. Earl of Essex to the Lord Deputy. Sir Brian M'Felim's 
treasons, and league with Turlough Lynagh to combine in rebellion. 
Sir Brian, his wife, Rory Oge, and Brian M'Revelin taken, 115 of 
his men slain. 3,000 head of cattle and certain stud mares taken. 

Nov. 14, Down. 

52. iv. Manifest actions committed by Sir Brian, which confirm 
the informations. 

52. v. Advertisements given against Sir B. M'Felim. 

Nov. 17. 53. Lord Deputy to Burghley. Lords and others of the Pale, 
Dublin Castk. collect a purse to support agents to prosecute their petition to be 
rid of cess. Clan Donnell galloglass and Keatings make a stir. 
Sackford. Piers Keating, a mischievous ringleader, taken. 

Nov. 18. 54. Same to Secretary Walsyngham. Stirs in the Pale. Sack- 
Dublin Castle, ford and victualling. A resolution for the Earl of Essex's 



Nov. 18. 55. Mr. Waterhous to Secretary Walsyngham. Benefit by the 
Dublin. taking of Sir Brian M'Felim and Con O'Donnell. Essex dis- 
appointed of most of the garrons promised by the Pale. Stayed till 
he lost the light of the moon. Proposal for every band to have 
carriages of their own. 

Nov. 23. 56. Lord JDeputy to both the Queen's Secretaries. Storm. 
Dublin Castle. Captain Peering and his company have slain Francis Birmingham, 
who took away the Lady Cusack, and 12 other rebels. 

Nov. 24. 57. Earl of Essex to the Privy Council. Strong league and con- 
Dublin, federacy between the Irish of Claneboy and the Scots. Secret 
intelligence given to Turlough Lynagh by the late Sir Brian 
M'Felim. His apprehension. 200 of his men put to the sword. 

57. i. Proclamation by the Earl of Essex, touching the apprehen- 
sion of Sir Brian, and the execution of his men. His barbarous 
cruelty. Murder of Mr. Moore in a parley. His combining with 
the Scots. His determination to take Capt. Malbie at a supper 
discovered. Sir Brian to be tried by order of law. Nov. ? 

Nov. 24. 58. Extracts of letters from the Earl of Essex, 1573, Sept. 6, to 
1574, Nov. 24. 

Nov. 25. 59. Lord Deputy to the Privy Council. To have resolution of 
Dublin Castle, certain doubts, in Her Majesty's warrant, for an estate to Sir John 
of Desmond of 100?. lands yearly, in her disposition by attainder 
of Geraldines. 

Nov. 25. 60. Same to the two Secretaries. The people spurn against the 
Dublin Castle, due yielding of their cess. Incloses, 

60. i. Archbishop of Dublin to the Lord Deputy. The gentlemen 
of the county of Dublin, except Sir John Plunket and Sir Thomas 
Fitzwilliam, refuse to yield their consent to any charge, either for 
the guard of the borders or the furniture of Deputy's household. 

Nov. 23, St. Sepulchres. 

Nov. 25. 61. Extracts of letters from the Lord Deputy, &c., 1573, Nov. 20, 
to 1574, Nov. 25. 

Nov. 30. 62. Certificate of 4,524?. 2s. Id. Irish, imprested to T. Sack- 
ford, Esq., Surveyor of Victuals, from 1574, March 26, to 1574, 
Nov. 30. Attested by the Lord Deputy. 

Nov. 63. Privy Council to the Lord Deputy. Mislike the undutiful 

refusal of the Viscount Gormanstown and Baron Delvin to sign the 
proclamation against Desmond. They must acknowledge their 
fault with unfeigned repentance. 

Nov. 64. Means how Essex may raise to Her Majesty in Ulster 5,000?. 

per annum after he has built three towns, besides the maintenance 
of the garrison there. 





Dec. 3. 


Dec. 3. 


Dec. 4. 



65. Burghley's memoranda. Essex's enterprise. Justices for 
Connaught and Munster. Fines for the Desmond rebellion. Sack- 
ford. A Chancellor. A Chief Justice for the Queen's Bench. Cess. 
Comparison of charges for Ulster. 

66. Earl of Essex to Burghley. Furtherance for Captain Malbie 
now sent to the Privy Council to satisfy questions, and make report 
of all things. Two of Sir Brian M'Felim's kinsmen competitors 
for the captainry. Severity the way to reform this stubborn nation 
that cannot judge of favour. 

67. John Symcott to same. Lord Deputy and Chief Baron 
Dillon careful to further Her Majesty's service. Certificate to be 
made into the Exchequer of leases passed the last nine years. The 
English can get no justice of Irish judges, who are ever swayed by 
friendship or cousinage. The bearer Cole has cause to complain. 
English refuse to subscribe to Nettervile's evil resistance to the 
Government. Symcott desires letters, in favour of his dealing for 
John Goddall the Chief Remembrancer's office. 

68. Earl of Essex to same. The captains serving under him in 
the North have suddenly lessened their bands. The soldiers run 
away daily. A sharp letter to the Clerk of the Cheque. 

Dec. 6. 69. Lord Deputy to same, for a supply of ordnance to be sent 
Dublin Castle, by the bearer H. Fisher. Incloses, 

69. i. Note of the remain of ordnance. Dec. 1 . 

69. ii. Note of munition, &c. to be presently supplied. 

70. Earl of Ormond to Burghley. Her Majesty's gracious letters 
accepting his service comfortable. Is glad Her Majesty liked of the 
Lord Deputy's travel. Few of the noblemen put their hands to 
suppress the bad that live under their noses. It is necessary for the 
Queen to hold a sure footing in Munster to keep Desmond a good 
subject still. Incloses, 

70. i. Note of Ormond 's knowledge and opinion of Ireland. 

70. ii. Lord Fitzmaurice to the Earl of Ormond. Earl of 
Desmond does not regard the Lord Deputy's letters. He will not 
deliver up his pledges. Intreats Ormond's means. 

Dec. 3, Cork. 

70. in. Justice Walshe to same. Neither his persuasions nor 
Agarde's earnestness will induce Desmond to set Fitzmaurice' s 
pledges at liberty. Dec. 4, Cork. 

71. Proportion of munition for the realm of Ireland. 

72. Earl of Essex to Secretary Walsyngham. Answer to the 
doubts objected to his plat. Captain Malbie sent over sufficiently 

73. Note of ordnance and munition sent into Ireland from 
1st January 1570/1 to 31st December 1574. 

Dec. 8. 


Dec. 24. 
Dec. 31. 


Dec. 31. 


m* VOL - XLym 

Dec. 31. 74- Particular Book of Bills and Warrants turned over by the 
Lord Deputy to Sir Edw. Fyton, containing 5,194ft. 7s. 4fd. sterling. 

75. Memoranda by Burghley for the plat of Ulster. The pro- 
posals by Essex and Sydney compared. Also the establishment of 
the garrison 31st December 1574. 

76. Note of the charge of the garrison. 

77. Note of charge for one year for Ulster, and comparison of 
proposals by Essex and Sydney. 

78. Note of certain captains' bills, delivered in by Sir H. Sydney 
to the Commissioners, of the stayed goods of the King of Spain s 
subjects, viz., for the Flying Hart of Antwerp, stayed in the time 
of his government in Ireland. 

79. Note of the provisions made by Mr. Edw. Waterhous for the 
Earl of Essex in Pembrokeshire and Cheshire. 

80. The circuit of Claneboy. Distance of chief places from 
Armagh. O'DonnelTs castles. 

81. Note of Claneboy, the Route and the Glynns, with the prin- 
cipal seats reserved for Her Majesty and the Earl ; also the dwellings 
for principal adventurers and the distance in miles from place to 

82. A like note. 

Sunday. 83. John de Burgo, the Earl of Clanrycard's son, to John Martyn 
Owran. O f Galway, He may kill the kine, and he will answer before the 
Mayor or his father, the Earl, for them. Desires he and Valentine 
will come to him touching some business. To send wine. 

84. Declaration of the defraying of treasure received in August 
1574. 2,349?. 11s. Sd. English. 

85. Memorandum of money for Ireland. 

86. Richard Creagh, prisoner, titular Archbishop of Armagh, to 
the Privy Council. Relates his attachment to the English Crown, his 
persecution by Shane O'Neill, accusations against him at Rome and 
in Spain, his sufferings in imprisonment, and sickness. 

87. Petition of Richard Creagh, the titular Archbishop of 
Armagh, to have his liberty, being grievously diseased by divers in- 
firmities and by his eight years' imprisonment, and not likely to 

88. Note of such things as should have come in the Samaritan. 

89. Note of such things as are brought in the Samaritan. 

90. Note as to pardon to Desmond. 


1674 . VOL.XLVIH. 

91. Petition of H. Woodhowse to the Queen. Has served in. the 
wars 45 years. Prays for a pension. He was robbed by pirates 
at his last coming from Ireland. 

92. Testimonial of H. Woodhowse's service. 

93. Articles gathered out of the petitions made by certain gen- 
tlemen, offering service in Ireland, to be communicated by the 
Queen's order to her Deputy there. 

94. Articles to be resolved and answered, touching Ireland and 
the Lord President. 

95. Answers to the objections against the Lord Deputy Fytz- 
wylliams's government in Ireland, written by his man Enowse. 

96. Petition of Pat. Dowdall, servant to Alderman Chr. Sedgrave, 
to the Lord Treasurer, for payment of 36. 12s. 5d. for wares 
delivered to the army, 

Certain things to be observed for the reformation of Ulster. 
Commissions of peace are to be granted out to the nobility and to 
some learned in the law, who are to be assisted with certain men 
of war. It is thought 150 footmen and 50 horsemen will be 
sufficient for the garrison. [See Dom. Eliz., Vol. XL V., p. 93.] 

The causes of innovation (rebellion) in Ireland. As the taking 
away of coin and livery. The Carews' claim to the barony of 
Odrone. The end of the reformation in Ireland consisteth in 
bringing the same to be obedient. The manner of doing it is hard. 
People in Ireland are of divers sorts, obedient, disobedient, and 
indifferent. [See Dom. Eliz., Vol. XL V. } p. 94.] 

The bands distributed in Ulster, at Dundalk, the Newry, Lecale, 
Belfast, Carrickfergus, and in the Raghlins being 830. [See Dom. 
Eliz., Vol. XL V. } p. 95.] 

[Burghley?] to [Treasurer Wallop?]. Charges in strengthening 
the northern borders. Her Majesty's hardness because no great 
matter has been performed. Turlough [Lynagh's] strength and 
malicious attempts to be repressed betimes. [See Dom. Eliz., Vol. 
XLV.,p. 104.] 

Fees allowed to the Lord Chancellor and other civil officers. [See 
Dom. Eliz., Vol. XLV.,p. 105.] 

1574 ? 97. The order in which the Peers and Bishops sit in Parliament. 

1574 ? 98. The names of the most special men in the country of Ireland. 

1574 ? 99. The names of the gentlemen of the wild Irish in the nortli 
of Ireland. 




Jan. 1. 1. Ed. Waterhous to Secretary Walsyngham. The reasons why 
Dublin. Essex does not repair over. His mental and bodily perfections. 
The soldiers are addicted to follow him. He is altogether the 
Queen's without being bewitched with any faction. Intercedes for 
Captain Malbie, a man of few words and an ill courtier, but of great 
reputation amongst soldiers. 

Jan. 2. 2. Lord Deputy to the Privy Council. Execution of Piers Keat- 

Dublin Castle, ing, and killing of Francis Birmingham. The busy headed are very 

earnest in collecting for the agents against cess. Harrington, 

Deering, Thomas Wyngfeld and Collier. Many notorious disturbers 

hanged. Divers of good sort in Dublin Castle. Incloses, 

2. i. Mayor, &c. of Waterford to Lord Deputy. The Spanish 
navy in Biscay. Their general, Peter Molendus, is dead. The 
King of Portugal has landed at St. Mary Porte, in Andalusia, 
from Morocco. [Extract.] 1 574, Dec., Waterford. 

Jan. 2. 3. Lord Deputy to Burghley. The present time favourable for 
Dublin Castle, his revocation. Loss by victualling. Sackford stayed. 

Jan. 2. 4. Same to Walsyngham. The English Pale is purged of re- 
Dublin Castle, bellious thieves and murderers that slew the innocent good subjects. 
The lords and gentlemen of the Pale, who, to be rid of soldiers, offered 
to defend themselves, have let all run to wrack. Money. Victualling. 

Jan. 2. 5. Same to the Privy Council. Commends the bearer Captain 
Dublin Castle. Malbie. 

Jan. 2. 6. Same to Burghley. Recommends Capt. Malbie and his causes. 
Dublin Castle. 

Jan. 2. 7. Same to the Privy Council. Commends the bearers, Morgan 
Dublin Castle, for his forwardness, service, and wound at Darinlare, Acres for his 
readiness and service elsewhere. 

Jan. 2. 8. Same to Walsyngham. Commends Capt. Morgan. 

Dublin Castle. 

Jan. 2. 9. Same to Burghley. In favour of Capt. Morgan. 

Dublin Castle. 

Jan. 2. 10. Same to same. The behaviour of the bearer Capt. George 
Dublin Castle. Bourchier, every way answerable to his noble descent. 

Jan. 5. 11. Vice-Treasurer Fyton to same. No professed rebellion in 
Dublin. Ireland. Oppression, murders, and robberies. State of Connaught. 
The Kellies. Treasurership. Malbie. 

Jan. 6. 12. Archbishop of Dublin to same. Malbie's suit commended. 


Jan. 6. 13. Same to Walsyngham. Malbie's deserts. 


1575. VOL.XLIX. 

Jan. 7. 14. Lord Deputy Fytzwylliam to the Privy Council. On return 

Dublin Castle, from his journey to Trim, he will deal with the Viscount Gormans- 

town and the Baron of Delvin as directed. Has not heard of a 

difference about the use of the Great Seal. Essex. Sackford. Malice 

in England. Begs his revocation. Francis Lany. 

Jan. 7. 15. Same to Burghley. Sydney's insinuations against the 

Dublin Castle. Deputy and Council, declaring the State in worse case than they 
advertise. Auditor's certificate of the Queen's debts. The gift of 
the country. 

Jan. 7. 1C. Same to Walsyngham. Perceives how honourably the Earl 
Dublin Castle. O f Essex has dealt with him. Fears he will be buried in Ireland 
and slandered in England. Ireland's charges weary the English 

Jan. 7. 17. Same to the Privy Council, in favour of Captain Bourchier 
Dublin Castle. an( J u i s causes. 

Jan. 7. 18. Same to Walsyngham. The bearer Captain G. Bourchier's 

Dublin Castle, service in Munster. 

Jan. 8. 19. Same to the Privy Council. Wine, salt, and hops very dear, 
Dublin Castle. A license for grain out of England. 

Jan. 8. 20. Same to same. Francis Lany not having brought provision 

Dublin Castle. Essex required extraordinary help. Sackford ordered to send pro- 
vision to him. Money. 

Jan. 8. 21. Vice-Treasurer Fyton to Burghley. The treasure so long 
Dublin. waited for, that it is not felt. Desires a warrant dormant for his 

son to take post horses on Her Majesty's service. Certificate of the 

issue of treasure arrived in Jan. 

Jan. 10. 22. N. White, Master of the Rolls, to same. Desires a letter 
Dublin. from Burghley. Explains the discourteous refusal of the Great Seal 
in a cause he has now compounded. The Keeper Archbishop of 
Dublin accused of opening his letters to Secretary Smith. Quiet- 
ness of the Pale. Essex's prosperous enterprise. 

Jan. 1 0. 23. Book of the state of the Queen's army and garrisons in Ire- 
land, and the charges for one month. With note by Burghley. 

Jan. 12. 24-. Commission from" the Lord Deputy and Vice-Treasurer to the 
Earl of Clanrycard for levying a cess of 1,200 kine on Clanricard 
for re-edifying the town, late abbey, and parish church of Athenry. 

Jan. 12. 25. Vice-Treasurer Fyton to Burghley. Alexander Fyton arrived 

Dublin. w ith 4,0l)0. after lying at the water side from the beginning of 

October. Countess of Ormond. His reckoning to be taken for 

two years. Thanks Burghley for taking notice of William 


2. D 




Jan. 1 2. 


Jan. 12. 

Jan. 12. 

Jan. 12. 


Jan. 12. 

Jan. 12. 


Jan. 12. 


Jan. 12. 

Jan. 12. 
Jan. 13. 

Jan. 13. 



26. Earl of Essex to the Privy Council. The business of the vic- 
tualling. Sackford to have the whole victualling for two months 
till their pleasures may be known as to his requests. Might was not 
bound to land carriage. Seed wheat and oats obliged to be used. 
Bands decayed. Clerk of the Cheque to muster them. 

27. Same to same. Commends the valour and honesty of 
Captains Morgan and Acres. The winning the Lough from Turlough 
Brasselagh's sons. 

28. Same to same. Commends Capt. Selby repairing to Berwick. 

29. Same to Burghley. Has answered the doubts objected to 
his plat in writing. Reasons of his stay. Offers to serve under 
anybody in Ulster. Lord Deputy executes idle men in the Pale. 
The troubles in his account occasioned by the number of accountants. 
Many of his principal servants died in the mortality. Desires his 
manor of North Fambridge. 

30. Same to Walsyngham. Discommodities might have grown 
by his absence, which threatened dishonour to Her Majesty and 
disquiet to the country. Would rather receive his recall in Ireland. 
Francis Lany arrived without answer or imprest. Sackford and 
Lany agree. 

31. Same to same. Some consideration to be had for the main- 
tenance of Alexander Symons maimed at the siege of a castle in 

32. Mr. Waterhous to Burghley. Accounts. The northern gar- 
risons want victual. Essex's disposition and ability to take 

33. Same to Walsyngham. Essex's repair to England called again 
in question. The care of some councillors has confirmed his stay. 
Essex to have secret warning if his recall be intended. If reforma- 
tion take not place a bad justice to be left for a show of possession 
and all the soldiers cassed. Thanks for favours to Nicholas Sentleger 
and Agarde. Suit against Mr. Hoddesdon and Waterhous for selling 
a parsonage. 

34. Note of matters to be answered to the Earl of Essex touching 
his letters of 1574 Dec. 3, 4, 1574/5 Jan. 1 and 12. 

35. Lord Deputy to Burghley. More money. The victualler to 
be concluded with, as Her Majesty is at great loss. Deputy would 
rather be a carter than endure such extreme clamour. Incloses, 

35. i. Bill of the defraying of 4,OOOZ. 

36. Earl of Essex to the Privy Council for preferment of his 
cousin, George Bourchier, having served 7 years. His company's 
sufficiency. His miserable imprisonment in Munster. 



1 575. 

Jan. 13. 


Jan. 13. 

Jan. 14. 


Jan. 14 

Jan. 15. 


Jan. 15. 


Jan. 15. 


Jan. 16. 

Jan. 18. 

Jan. 20. 


Jan 21. 


Jan. 29. 


37. Earl of Essex to the Privy Council. Commends Henry Crispe, 
lieutenant, to his cousin William Norreis, for his good discretion 
when in the principal charge of Claneboy. 

38. John Symcott to Burghley. Abuses in Her Majesty's causes 
by want of able ministers. The Irish merchants defraud the revenue 
of immense sums. Gain by the searcher of Chester and his son who 
wink at their sleights. Desires a commission to George Lodge and 
himself to deal for Her Majesty's customs. Desires the office of 
Chief Remembrancer. The records so slenderly looked unto, that 
many are embezzled, their tenures blotted, cut out, or razed. 

39. Vice-Treasurer Fyton to same. Has given his bill to the 
bearer, Captain Bourchier, uncle to the Earl of Bath. He hath 
well deserved both by valiantness of hand and enduring imprison- 
ment. He is a good hu iband and will employ his money to do 
himself good. 

40. Owen Moore to Walsyngham. Book of the army. He goes 
to muster the companies under the regiment of the Earl of Essex. 
Thanks for payment. Mr. Agarde's revocation from Munster is thank- 

41. Mr. William Norreys to Burghley. Malbie has painfully 
and dangerously served Her Majesty. Earl of Essex's discourses of 
the matters of Ulster approved by such as be of judgment. 

42. Ed. Waterhous to Walsyngham. Order taken for Sackford 
to receive imprest upon captains' bills, serving under the Earl of 
Essex. Vice-Treasurer to be resolved of his doubt that the Ulster 
captains are of Her Majesty's pay. Auditor to warrant their bills. 

43. Thomas Sackford to Burghley. Money for payment of mer- 
chants. Great charge for the victualling. Essex's company now 
turned to him. Composition and imprest to be considered. 

44. Earl of Essex to Walsyngham, for recovery of Capt. Morgan's 
pay due for his Holland service. 

45. Vice-Treasurer Fyton to Burghley. Extremities for the vic- 
tualling of the North upon Lany's return being unfurnished. Has 
been obliged to disburse 1,200?., and take captains' bills serving 
under Essex. Sackford marvellously vexed. Bill to Jewett of 
Chester for 800L 

46. Edward Barkley to same. The rebels of Ulster were never 
in so poor a state. One month's war well followed would banish 
them or make them return to their dissembling treasons. 

47. Earl of Essex to Walsyngham, in furtherance of Capt. Acres 
for recovery of his Holland pay. 

48. Memoranda of foreign and domestic business, also summary 
of letters from the Earl of Essex and the Lord Deputy of Ireland, 
from 3d Dec. 1574 to 12 Jan. 1574/5. 

D 2 



Jan. 49. Memoranda by Burghley of the numbers of the garrison in 

Ireland from 1 to 17 Eliz. 

Feb. 2. 50. Edward Fyton, the Vice-Treasurer's son, to Burghley. Is de- 
Oxford, tained by a dangerous mishap. Mr. Glaseour will declare the matter. 

Feb. 2. 51. Memorandum, by Burghley, of the Earl of Essex's plat and 
intentions for Ulster and planting Claneboy, the Route, &c., ap- 
parently from the report of Capt. N. Malbie. 

Feb. 3. 52. Earl of Essex's instructions given to Captain Malbie, to inform 
the Privy Council of his meaning. Sir B. M'Felim, Dungannon, 
and O'Donnell. Falsehood of the oaths of the Irishry, for which the 
Friars do dispense. Flat bottomed boats. Magennis. The Baron 
to be Earl of Tyrone. 

Feb. 3. 53. Auditor Jenyson to Burghley. Confesses that he wrote to 
Dublin Castle. Sir Henry Sydney in October, but sent no book of the Queen's 
debts. Treasurer's account. Warrant to allow the Treasurer for 
loans and imprests to Essex and his captains desired. William 
Bermingbam's chest of books. By victualling upon account Her 
Majesty will lose much. Justice shall never be ministered till the 
chief of every court of law be mere English. Incloses, 

53. i. Book of moneys due from the Queen to the Lord Deputy 
and garrison of Ireland, the last of March 1573, when the Lord 
Deputy left the office of Treasurer. A nd ivhat is further due up to the 
31si December 1574. State of the garrisons under Deputy and 
Essex. 1574, Dec. 31. 

Feb. 6. 54. Vice-Treasurer Fyton to Burghley. Is grieved that payment 
Dublin. i s made in England without his bill. Desires warrant for allowance 

of money disbursed to the Earl of Essex and the victualler on the 

northern captains' bills. 

Feb. 6. 55. Indulgences granted to those who wear certain grains blessed 
St. P^r's by the Pope Gregory III. Indorsed by Burghley, " Brought by 


Feb. 9. 56. Lord Deputy to Burghley. Mr. Agarde is to be revoked out 
Dublin Castle. o f Munster ; Justice Dowdall assisted by Harry Davells for martial 
exploits to supply his place. Manner of the answer of Viscount 
Gormanstown and Baron Delvin for their refusal to sign the procla- 

Feb. 9. 57. Same to Walsyngham. Accidents to the disadvantage of the 
Dublin Castle, rebellious. Desires his revocation. 

Feb. 9. Information that the Earl of Kildare is the procurer and main- 

St. Sepulchres, tainer of all the rebellion in Leix, Offaly, Kildare, Dublin, Meath, 

and Westmeath. Kildare devised that Rory Oge with 500 kerne 

should go suddenly to Kilmainham and fetch away the Lord 

Deputy's wife and children. Device to burn Athy. [See Feb. 11.] 

Feb. 10. 58. Lord Deputy and Council to the Privy Council. Explain 
their dealings with Gormanstown and Delvin. [Extract] 


1575. oL - XLIX ' 

59. Information against the Earl of Kildare by John Allen. 
Nicholas Eustace Fitz Richard is the messenger betwixt the Earl 
and Rory Oge O'More, for playing such parts as the O'Morcs do. 
Edmund Seix Fitz Richard is the messenger betwixt the Earl and 
Hugh M'Shane and Feagh M'Hugh O'Byrne. 

Feb. 10. 60. Owen M'Hue's declaration of traitors repairing to the pre- 
sence of the Earl of Kildare, and of the spoils committed by them 
at his instigation. 

Feb. 10. 61. Richard Fitzgerald's declaration. Traitors repairing to the 
Earf of Kildare. The pretence of the late rebellion was to force Her 
Majesty to give over the government of this land, and the Earl of 
Kildare to have the government, the Keatings the spending of all 
the country, and the galloglass the bonnaught. 

Feb. 11. 62. Lucas O'Toole's declaration. Kildare was so importunate 
upon Rory to destroy Kylheele, that Hue M'Shane was obliged to 
suffer it, though they paid him a black rent. 

Feb. 11. 63. Declaration of Richard Gerrot. The two spoils done upon 
Kilheele by the Earl of Kildare "s only procurement. 

Feb. 14-. 64. Lord Deputy to Burghley. The Earl of Ormond's grant of 
Dublin Castle, fee farm to be enlarged. Desires further warrant for taking lands 
from the Master of the Rolls in exchange for a remission of 30. per 
annum rent upon St. Katherine's and Leixlip. Desires further 
interest for Leveret in the second chamberlainship of the Exchequer. 

64. T. Three cases, drawn upon the particulars of the warrant for 
the Earl of Onnond, that have bred questions. 

Feb. 14. 65. Lord Deputy to Walsyngham. Occasion to send away Creagh, 
Dublin Castle. w ho hinders the Archbishop of Dublin's godly endeavours to promote 
religion. The bishoprick of Killowe [Killaloe]. The new survey of 
lands respecteth much Her Majesty's profit. Desires Her Majesty's 
favourable allowance of the serjeant, attorney, and solicitor whom 
he has chosen for their worth. 

Feb. 17. 66. A consultation for Ulster written by Burghley. 

Feb. 21. 67. Note of ready money advanced by Fyton to Thomas Sackford. 

Feb. [24.] 68. Memoranda by Burghley to be considered for Ireland, if Her 
Majesty will not allow Essex's offer and if she will 

Feb. 24. 69. The Queen to the Lord Deputy and the Earl of Essex. The 
Ulster enterprise left to their discretion. The garrison to be re- 
duced. [Draft in Burghley's hand. The minute of this letter is 
dated March 1 5.] 

70. Copy of the above with alterations. 

Feb. 24 ? 71. The Queen to the Lord Deputy and Earl of Essex. Device 
of the manner of employing 2,000 soldiers allowed for the service of 
the whole realm of Ireland. [Probably a postscript to the above 
draft by Burghley.'} 



Feb. [24.] 

Feb. 25. 

Feb. 25. 
Feb. 26. 
Feb. 27. 

Feb. 28. 




72. Copy of the preceding with alterations. 

73. Memorial for Ireland by Burghley. Certain of the Council to 
have special care of those causes. Charges of soldiers. Money. 

74. Certificate by Sir Valentine Browne for certain allowances to 
be made to Andrew Wyse late Under -Treasurer of Ireland. 

75. Remembrances necessary if the service of Ulster offered shall 
proceed. Frames, carpenters, masons, limeburners, &c. 

76. Earl of Leycester to Burghley. The Queen has imparted to 
him the letters sent with advertisements charging the Earl of 
Kildare with treason. The Queen sends her letters and wishes 
Burghley 'a advice by letter, if he is not in health to come personally. 

77. Viscount Gormanston and Baron Delvyn to the Privy Coun- 
cil. Further answer required by the Lord Deputy and Council for 
their not subscribing the proclamation. Inclose, 

77. i. Latter answer delivered by Gormanston and Delvyn to 
the Lord Deputy and Council as to their declining to sign the 
proclamation against Desmond. 

78. Consultation for the government of Ireland. English to 
obey laws, Irish kept from rebellion. Cess to continue till the 
power of the Irishry be diminished. Those who have been dutiful 
during Desmond's revolt to be maintained. Irish captains to take 
their countries by the Queen's grant to them and their heirs. 

March 1. 

March 4. 

March 8. 

Manor of 


March 10. 


1. The Queen to Vice-Treasurer Fyton. Warrant to pay the 
soldiers employed under the Earl of Essex, &c. 

2. Lord Deputy to Burghley in commendation of Mr. Agarde. 

3. The Queen to the Lord Deputy. Intention to send over an 
Englishman to supply the place of Chief Justice in Ireland, Sir 
Robert Dyllon being of great age. Barnaby Scurlock may serve that 
room till the Englishman's coming. E. Fytzsymon to be Serjeant, 
Fynglas deceased. John Bathe to be Attorney General, and Richard 
Belyn to be Solicitor. New survey. Morough M'-I- Brian Arra too 
young to be consecrated Bishop of Killaloe. Warrant to pass estates 
in Leix and Offaly. A more perfect form to be sent. 

4. Earl of Essex to the Privy Council. Has, with the assistance 
of 600 labourers, cut all the passes in the Fews leading into Tyrone, 
or towards Ferney, the Brenny, or M'Mahon's country. Spoiled the 


,.,. VOL. L. 


corn. Two of Shane O'Neill's sons have written to him claiming 
their father's patrimony against Turlough Lynagh. They are the 
aptest instruments to weaken T. Lynagh. 3,000 Scots. Essex has 
harassed the Irish. 

March 10. 5. Earl of Essex to Walsyngham. Intreats him to further the 
Dublin. matter of Ulster to a resolution. Shows that desolation hath bred 
liberty and all fruits of rebellion, habitation and buildings profit and 

March 10. 6. Same to same. Mr. Agarde recommended as a perfect honest 
Dublin. gentleman, the most sufficient for wisdom in this state. 

March 10. 

March 11. 

March 12. 

March 12. 

7. John Symcott to Burghley. The bearer Ralph Grymsdiche will 
declare the great deceits in the customs. Hurts to Her Majesty and 
the English subject by the cousinage of Irish judges. Robt. Pug- 
gesley's sufficiency. Manor of Belgriffin. Gormanston the patron 
of the reformers of common weal. Execution of traitors and 

8. Earl of Essex to same. Buildings. Account. Mr. Sack- 
ford's diligence. He owes 2,500. Imprest. Scots. Freeholders 
of Tirone waver from Turlough Lynagh. 

9. Brian Fytzwyllyams to same. The Auditor finds his warrants 
contrary to his muster rolls to his damage of 1,000 marks. Desires 
the Queen's letters to his brother the Lord Deputy, in his behalf. 

10. Ed. Waterhous to Walsyngham. Attributes Walsyngham's 
sickness to extreme travel at Court. The hawk sent by Davells. 
Pers suspected to have kept back one sent by Jenyson. The bearer, 
Agarde, will make a present of himself to Walsyngham for saving 
him his life. Turlough Lynagh's politic letter to the Earl of Essex. 

11. Second Declaration of Richard Garret to the Lord Deputy. 
Reports the meeting between the Earl of Kildare and Rory Oge 
O'More, Mortagh M'Lyse O'More, Teig M'Gilpatrick O 'Conor,, and 
other traitors, when the said Earl instructed the said rebels whom 
they should spoil by name Kildare's objections to Edward More 
having the service of the King's County. [Mentioned in the Lord 
Deputy's letter to Burghley, March 13.] 

12. Ed. Tremayne to Burghley. Declares Burghley's answer to 
the Queen concerning the going forward with the Ulster enterprise. 
Her Majesty is not resolved. Her great care for Burghley 's health. 
Sends the effect of some of Essex's papers. None to take the special 
care of Ireland matters if Her Majesty herself do not call for them. 
Mr. Vivian. 

March 13. 13. Lord Deputy to same. Informations against Kildare. Quiet- 
Mullingar. ness. The rebellious are daily some hanged some killed. The Irish 
at commandment. Does not expect to live a year longer. The 
lands of Croghan in the King's County granted to Thomas Moore. 

March 12. 

March 13. 



March 13. 14- Lord Deputy to Walsyngham. Justice done upon the pro- 
Muliingar. curers of this late rebellion. Begs for his revocation and relates 
service. Leveret's suit. 

March 14. 15. Privy Council to the Lord Deputy. Her Majesty is fully 
Richmond, resolved to go through with the enterprise of Ulster. 2,000 

March 14. 16. Lord Deputy to the Privy Council for the augmentation of 
Mullingar. Capt. Edmund Byrne's pension. 

March 15. 17. The Queen to the Lord Deputy and the Earl of Essex. 
Thinks the Ulster enterprise doubtful. She is loth to adventure 
Essex's person and many of her subjects without more appearance 
of success. Does not reject the offer, but restricts the number of 
the soldiers, and leaves the enterprise to their discretion. Marvels 
that the garrison is 3,141, and commands that many be cassed. 
[Minute. The draft of the above in Burghley's hand, with other 
memoranda, is dated Feb. 24 ; but it is probable, that through 
Burghley's attack of sickness (see Leicester's letter of Feb. 27, 
and Tremayne's, Mar. 1 3) the despatch was postponed.] 

March 15. 18. Vice-Treasurer Fyton to Burghley, in favour of the suit of the 
White Friars, bearer Thomas Elyot, the master gunner, of 40 years' service, a good 
Dublin. w - ge f e u ow t a ]k: with on many things. 

March 16. 19. Lord Deputy to same. Recommends his cousin Thomas Le 
The Pallace in Strange repairing over to seek payment for his charge at Roscommon. 

the county of TT- snoils 
Longford. *" 

March 19. 20. Docquet of 13,OOOZ. to be delivered to Vice-Treasurer Fyton 
Kichmond. for the payment of captains and soldiers' wages 'and victuals in 
Ulster. 3JOOOZ. for buildings. 

March 20. 21. Earl of Ormond to Burghley. Departure of James Fitz- 
Thurles. maurice and the White Knight with their wives. The country of 
Sir Barnaby Fitzpatrick not to be severed from the county of 
Kilkenny. Incloses, 

21. i. James Fitzmaurice to the Earl of Ormond. Is going 
abroad for the recovery of his health, and to make friendship to 
come to the Queen's favour. Begs he will countenance his servants, 
left in Hahirlaghe , Edmund Butler Fitz John, and the subjects 
of Oinaght. Feb. 28, Olane. 

21. ii. Edmund Knight, the White Knight, to same. He, for 
lack of favour, is deprived of his living. Desires his Lord- 
ship's goodness to his ivife till his return to Ireland. 

Mar. 10, Glane. 

March 24. 22. Mayor and others of Limerick to Burghley. Send James 
Limerick. Gould and Thomas Stretch to solicit the confirmation of their 
charter and other petitions. 



March 24. 23. Petitions of the Mayor and others of Limerick to the Queen 
for confirmation of their charters. Noted by Burghley. 

March 27. 24. Book of the Queen's army and garrisons, with the charges 
for one month. 

March 28. 25. Lord Deputy and Archbishop of Dublin to the Queen. 

Dublin. Explain why the accusations against the Earl of Kildare had not 

been opened from November when Allen first disclosed them. The 

informers cannot be dealt with, till the Earl shall be apprehended. 


25. i. Opinions of Robert Dyllon and John Allen, that no fur- 
ther informations ac;'iinst the Earl of Kildare may be obtained till 
his arrest. March 28. 

March 28. 26. Lord Deputy and Archbishop of Dublin to the Lords 
Dublin. Eurghley and Leycester, concerning the accusations against Kildare. 

March 28. 27. Lancelot Alford to Burghley. Her Majesty hindered in the 
Dublin. profits of her Great Seal. A book of precedents to be framed and 
sent from England. Records of the Court embezzled. 


March 31. 28. Lord Deputy to the Privy Council. Shows the impossibility 
Dublin Castle. o f undertaking the enterprise of Ulster with the numbers limited in 
their plat of the 1 4th March. 

March 31. 29. Same to same. The Earl of Desmond prays for their Lord- 
Dublin Castle, ships' mediation to Her Majesty for recovery of her favour. 

March 31. 30. Same to Burghley. Thinks there is nothing less meant than 
Dublin Castle, that the Ulster enterprise should go forwards. Money. Revocation. 

March 31. 31. Same to Walsyngham. Is sorry for his sickness and absence 
Dublin Castle, from Court. Prays he will mitigate the blame he expects for the 
Ulster enterprise. 

March 31. 32. Earl of Essex to the Queen. His contentment that Her 
Dublin. Majesty grants his petitions touching the service in Ulster. The 
Lord Deputy has resolved that the enterprise shall cease. Has 
delivered his soldiers to the Deputy to be cassed and resigned the 
government of Ulster. Evils will arise through leaving off the 
Ulster enterprise. Her Majesty to consider his charges. O'Donnell 
through his means at war with T. Lynagh is now left to extremity. 
Desires license to live privately in a corner of Ulster. Incloses, 

32. i. Sir Hugh Odomnayll, Lord of Tirconnell, to the Earl of 
Essex, Never consented to the writing of certain letters, whereof 
Essex sent a transcript. War proclaimed with Turlough Lynagh. 
Necessity of fortifications in Dungannon. Friendship with the 
son of the Calough O'Donnell. Scots coming with great prepara- 
tions. [Latin. Original] Mar. 18, Belasenay. 




32. ii. Owen Ogallcuayr to the Earl of Essex. Complains that they 
cannot trust to any scribe to write their intentions to his Lordship. 
The letters whereof Essex sent a copy were never written with the 
consent of O'Donnell. O'Donnell has declared open war against 
Turlough Lynagh. [Latin. Original.'] March 1 S, Belasenay. 

32. in. John Graufurd, Burgess of Air, to the same. The 
Lord M'Connell, Macclane [M'Lean], the Captain of Clan 
Rannall, M'Cloyd Hairye [M'Leod Carragh], and M'Cloyd Lewris, 
and the laird of M'Canze [M'Kenzie] and M'Ky, have chosen 
among them Lord M l Gonnell [M'Donnell] to be their lord and ruler 
of the isles. Argyle means to burn Cantyre. They intend to attack 
Essex. Graufurd is coming to Lough Swilly to get a revenge of his 
goods. [Scotch. Original.~\ Feb. 5, Air. 

March 31. 33. Earl of Essex to Burghley. His service is extinguished with 
Dublin. utter disgrace. He might at least have had ten days' warning. 
Auditor Jenyson and Waterhous commended for diligence and 

March 31. 34. Mr. Waterhous to same. He has long been discharged of the 
Dublin. office of Muster Master. Assists the Auditor with the Earl of 
Essex's reckonings. Capt. Potter and the sea charges. Incloses, 

34. i. Note of the army under the Earl of Essex, being 1,291 men, 
at the charge of 12,338. 7s. 8fc. sterling per annum. March 31. 

35. Names of Con M' James O'Melaghlin, Edmund Boy Seyse, 
and others, meet to be forthcoming to give evidence against 

April 1. 

April 2. 

April 2. 


April 3. 


36. Earl of Essex to ' Burghley. Has written 20 letters to the 
Queen and Council since he received an answer. Letters to him and 
his servants suppressed. He is generally bound to all men for the 
Ulster enterprise. 

37. Archbishop of Dublin to same. Reports the advice which he, 
with Kildare and Fyton, gave to the Lord Deputy on reading Her 
Majesty's letters to the Deputy and Essex. Essex feeleth as if the 
indignation of the Prince were laid on him. 

38. Auditor Jenyson to same. The difficulty of the Earl of Essex's 
reckonings. The Treasurer must keep the cess reckonings. Express 
order to reform the revenues. Incloses, 

38. I. Estimate of the charges grown under the Earl of Essex 
from the beginning of his enterprise of Ulster till the 31st of March 

1575. Mar. 31. 

39. Mr. Edward Fyton, the Vice- Treasurer's son, to Burghley. 
The safe arrival of the last treasure. 

April 4. 40. Lord Deputy to the Privy Council. The bearer, Andrew 
Dublin Castle. Brereton, a servitor above 30 years, commended for some 



April 4. 41. Lord Deputy to the Privy Council. The Master Gunner, 
Dublin Castle. Thomas Elyot, in great need of payment. 

[April 4.] 42. Petition of Thomas Elyot, Master Gunner, to the Queen, for 
a new lease of the rectories of Assey and Retayne, in the county of 
Meath, for 31 years. 

April 4. 43. Lord Deputy to Burghley. Recommends the bearer, Andrew 
Dublin Castle. Brereton, whose ancestors have deserved well in the chief place of 
service to this State. 

April 4. 

Dublin Castle. 

44. Same to "Walsyngham. Commends Andrew Brereton. 

April 6. 

April 7. 

April 7. 

April 8. 

Manor of 

St. James's. 

[April 4.] 45. Petition of Andrew Brereton to the Privy Council for a grant 
of 501. land in Ireland, on account of his 36 years' service. 

46. Vice-Treasurer Fyton to Burghley. Commends Mr. Strange, 
who served with him to the great peril of his life. 

47. Same to same. Receipt of 6,000?., which will not half pay 
the soldiers under Essex, to be discharged. 

48. Same to same. Recommends his cousin Andrew Brereton, 
who in Sentleger's and Bellyngham's time had charge of Lecale. 

49. The Queen to the Lord Deputy and the Earl of Essex. 
Thinks it strange that the enterprise of Uster so costly to her, 
should be overthrown without her knowledge Directs the re- 
sumption thereof. Letters to be written to O'Donnell and others, 
that Her Majesty will reduce that province to good order. [Minute ] 

[April 8.] 50. Instructions for Captain Nicholas Malbie sent into Ireland. 
To declare to Essex the consultations. Her Majesty's doubt of 
success. Regard to the adventure of his person. Regard to soldiers' 
health. Charge. Sir Peter Carew to accompany the Earl as 
Lieutenant. Building and Treasure. [Minute ] 

April 8. 51. Burghley 's extracts and notes of the informations against 
Kildare by Owen M'Hugh, Richard Fitzgerald, Lucas O'Toole, and 
Richard Gerrot. Note or schedule of persons meet to be forth- 

April 9. 52. Burghley, Sussex, and Leycester to the Lord Deputy, for the 
Court at Earl of Kildare's present repair to Her Majesty. Persons named in 
St. James's. & gc } ie j u j e to be apprehended. 

April 9. 

Court at 
St. James's. 

53. Same to the Lord Deputy and Earl of Essex. In case Essex 
will not resume the charge of Ulster, convenient forces to be placed 
on the frontiers and at Knockfergus. 

April 10. 54. Lord Deputy to Burghley. Recommends the offer of Sir 
Dublin Castle. Thomas Fytzwylliam to build a house for Her Majesty whereof he 
desires the constableship. 


VOL. L. 

55. Earl of Essex to Burghley. The bargain with T. Sackford 
almost resolved. Fears that Henry Sackford vents the corn to 
foreign places. T. Sackford to have the handling of the money. 

56. The Queen to the Lord Deputy and the Earl of Essex to join 
heartily together for her service in Ireland and especially in 
reducing Ulster. Commends the bearer Captain Nicholas Malbie, 
now sworn into her service. [Minute.] 

57. Same to the Earl of Essex. Ulster. Has cause to think 
him a rare treasure and principal ornament of her nobility. His 
doino-s courageous, full of virtue and manliness. Will consider them 
hereafter as a thankful Prince ought. He has many friends. [Minute.] 

58. Sir Thomas Smith to [Burghley]. Sends the above minutes 
of the Queen's letters to Deputy and Essex, for his approval or 

April 11. 59. Note of money paid out, by warrants for Ireland causes, since 
January 1573/4. 

60. The Queen to the Earl of Ormond. Thanks for advertising 
the departure of James Fitzmaurice and the White Knight without 
license. To have an eye to Desmond. Desires that he will write 

April 12. 61. Same to Sir Peter Carew. Appoints him Lieutenant to the 
Earl of Essex. 


April 10. 


April 11. 

St. James's. 

April 11. 
St. James's. 

April 1 1. 

St. James's. 

April 12. 

St. James's. 

62. Lord Deputy to the Privy Council. Recommends the case of 
the bearer, Captain Cornwall, for present relief. 

63. Same to Burghley, for expedition of Captain Cornwall's suit. 

April 13. 

Dublin Castle. 

April 13. 

Dublin Castle. 

[April 13.] 64. Capt. Giles Cornwall to the Lord Deputy. His services at 
Leith, Newhaven, the Derry, when Colonel Edward Randolfe was 
slain. Prays that the Deputy would restore him his pension, or 
else give him favourable letters to the Privy Council. 

April 13. 

April 14. 


April 14. 


April 14. 


65. Lord Deputy to Burghley. Commends the bearer Captain 
Edward Moore, who has begun to deserve well in the service of the 
King's County against the O'Conois. 

66. Archbishop of Dublin to same. Recommends the suits which 
Sir Thomas Fytzwylliams sends his son to solicit. His zeal to 
religion and readiness to all services. 

67. Same to same. Commends the painful and dangerous services 
and losses of the bearer, Giles Cornwall, repairing over to make 
his suit. 

68. The Lord Keeper Archbishop of Dublin, and Vice-Treasurer 
Fyton to same. Explanation of their proceedings in the matter of 
discharging the Earl of Essex's soldiers. The dislike growing 
between the Lord Deputy and him dangerous to the quiet of 
the State. Inclose, 




April 15. 


VOL. L. 

68. I. Lord Deputy to Vice-Treasurer. Not to pay any soldiers 
now discharged, unless entered by virtue of the Queen's warrant. 

Apr. 12, Dublin Castle. 

68. ii. Sir Ed. Fyton to Earl of Essex, ^vilh a copy of the above 
direction. Apr.~\.%, White Friars. 

68. in. Earl of Essex to the Lord Keeper Archbishop of Dublin, 
and the rest of the Council. Shoivs how his soldiers are to be dis- 
charged without pay, and left without victuals, which tmust needs 
be remedied. Apr. 1 3, St. Sepulchres. 

68. iv. Lord Keeper and others of the Council to the Lord De- 
puty. Inconvenience of discharging Essex's soldiers without pay. 
Will not meddle in interpreting what soldiers were entered by Her 
Majesty's warrant. Apr. 14, Dublin. 

68. V. Extract of words of the indenture between Queen Eliza- 
beth and the Earl of Essex, touching the entertainment of soldiers. 

1573, July 23. 

69. Earl of Essex to the Privy Council. The Clerk of the Check 
proceeds to discharge his soldiers. 800 men are summoned to 
Dublin. The Treasurer thiuketh not to pay them. The Victualler 
will not supply them. Deputy is gone to Wexford. Deputy's 
injuries more than can be borne. His reading of the Queen's letter 
described with many incidents. Essex imputes the rash overthrow 
of his enterprise to the Deputy. 

70. Supplies for Ulster, 1,000 spades and shovels, provisions to be 
laid in at Knockfergus, flat bottomed boats. Commission for Essex 
to make states of lands in Ulster to the wild Irish. Money for 
buildings. \Tivo copies.] 

April 17. 71. Petition of Henry Colley to the Privy Council for the 
advowson of the vicarage of Carbery, the town wherein he dwells, 
and he will put in a sufficient clerk to instruct the people in both 
tongues, and will erect a schoolhouse and maintain a free school. 

April 17. 72. Petition of the same to the same, to be considered being 
removed from the service in the King's County, his nephew's 
daughters, and certain soldiers named, to have farms. 

April 18. 73. Vice-Treasurer Fyton to Burghley, for payment of 1,500Z. to 
Dublin. the bearer, Mr. Edward Moore, who is commended. 

74. Nicholas Malbie to Walsyngham. For the reversion of the 
farm of Croghan, which Thomas Moore holds to be reserved and not 
granted to Henry Colley. The bearer, Edward Moore, will declare 
how the North of Ireland is in determined combination for rebellion. 

April 26. 75. Lord Deputy to Burghley. The burden he could neither 
Dublin Castle, refuse without offence nor accept without danger. Begs his recall 

with favour. Victuals. Earl of Ormond's fee farm, and the Master 

of the Rolls' exchange, to be helped forwards. 

April 15. 

April 25. 




April 26. 76. Lord Deputy to "Walsyngham. Accused of a perverse dis- 
Dubiin Castle, position towards the Earl of Essex and his enterprise. Revocation. 

April 28. 77. Earl of Essex to the Privy Council. The Archbishop of 
Dublin. Dublin and Council have dealt so far with the Lord Deputy that 
part of his companies were paid. Has again accepted the govern- 
ment of Ulster. Hastens to gather his dispersed bands and take 
the field. To hasten Selby with the northern horsemen and the 
frames. Incloses, 

77. i. Earl of Essex to the Lord Keeper Archbishop of Dublin, 
and Council. His soldiers to be discharged without pay, &c. 

Apr. 1 3, St. Sepulchres. 

April 28. 78. Earl of Essex to the Lords Burghley and Sussex. Misliking 

Dublin. between the Lord Deputy and him. Discourtesies shown him by 

the Lord Deputy. Lady Fytzwylliams gave her final judgment that 

Essex and all his soldiers should be cassed. Desires that the 

Deputy may be commanded to assist him. 

April 28. 79. Sir John Perrot to Burghley. He is determined to lead a 
Carev. countryman's life and keep out of debt. Prays for payment of 
money due for his service in Ireland. 

[April 28.] 80. Same to the Queen. Report of his service in the presidency 
of Munster. 

[April 28.] 81. Brief report of the important service done by Sir John 
Perrot in his presidentship of Munster. 

[April 28.] 82. Note of profits and commodities procured to the Queen by 
Sir John Perrot during his service in Munster. 

April 29. 83. Vice -Treasurer Fyton to Burghley. Circumstances of the 

White Friars, j ssue o f ^ e j as t treasure. Incloses, 


83. I. Declaration of the defraying of 6,000?. arrived 28th 

April. 84. Sum of payments for the Earl of Essex's affairs, being 

19,659?. 15s. 5fc. And sum of" Her Majesty's charges, being 
46^344?. 9s. 8fd., from 19th June 1573, to 30th April 1575. 

April. 85. Note of Emptions by Essex, barks of Stedman and Thomas 

Warcop. Apparel for the Earl, my Lady, Lord Hereford, young 

April. 86. Computation of the Queen's charges intended in Ulster. 

April. 87. Consultations touching Ulster. Sir Peter Carew. Deputy 

to help the Earl with a hosting while he shall build at the Black- 
water. If Essex shall not assent to take the charge of Ulster the 
Deputy must place garrisons along the frontier to withstand the 
forces of the Irishry. 




VOL. L. 

88. Rising out of chief gentlemen between the Blackwater and 
the English Pale, as they are answerable to O'Neill after their 
ancient custom. 

89. Charge of the rising out between the Blackwater and the 
English Pale converted into beeves and so into money, being beeves 
3,456, heifers 4,320, value 4,032. 

VOL. LI. 1575. MAY. 

May 1. 1. The Lord Keeper Archbishop of Dublin, to Burghley. Is 

Tallaughe. sorry the Lord Deputy cannot obtain his revocation. The general 

quiet an honourable opportunity for it. The dissension, between him 

and Essex very great. Recommends that Essex be made Deputy 

for which he is well qualified. 

May 3. 2. Lord Deputy to same. Great want of victuals. No money to 

Dublin Castle, be borrowed in town or country. A loan amongst the Council to 
supply their present need. General hosting. Incloses, 

2. i. Declaration of the defraying of the last 6,000. with notes. 

May 5. 3. The Queen to the Lord Deputy. Has seen the letters of 15th 
April, addressed by the Earl of Essex to her Council. Would be 
loth to condemn Deputy without his answer, which is particularly 
commanded. Suspects his slackness proceeds from mislike to the 
Earl. [Answered June 14.] 

May 5. 4. Same to the Earl of Essex. Accepts his dutiful dealing and 
extraordinary zeal in great good part. Sorry to see his honourable 
mind wounded by the Deputy's over straight dealing. Has com- 
manded the Deputy to further his service. 

May 6. 5, Earl of Ormond to Burghley. Recommends the petitions of 
Kilkenny, the bearers, agents of the City of Limerick. 

May 6. 6. Ed. Waterhous to same. Essex has written his thankfulness 
Dublin. for Her Majesty's great favours. Essex hath used his discontent here 
with great modesty and reverence to the State. No doubt the 
Lord Deputy may reconcile him. Probabilities of success. 

May 8. 7. Passport (signed by the Queen) for Matthew de Monte Belle 
Greenwich, born in Ireland, to go either to the Low Countries or into Ireland. 

May 8. 8. Lord Deputy to Lords Burghley, Sussex, and Leycester. Earl 
Dublin Castle, of Kildare apprehended. Barons Delvin and Louth and William 
Nugent restrained. 

May 8. 9. Earl of Essex to Burghley. Burghley's two letters by Malbie. 

Dublin. Thanks for the religious one to himself, to lead a life to God's glory. 
Essex puts a difference between injury and favour but is willing 
to join anew with the Lord Deputy. Prospects. Arrival of the 
frigates, hoy, mills, and tools. 


May 9. 10. Earl of Essex to Walsyngham. This afternoon a reconciliation 

Dublin. is passed between the Deputy and him. Therefore former writings 
not to be construed to Deputy's disadvantage. Her Majesty's gracious 
letter able to revive any discontented mind. The instructions 
accompanying it very disheartening. Private friends write that 
Her Highness will not follow the enterprise. Arrest of Kildare his 

May 9. 11. Captain Nicholas Malbie to the Privy Council. Arrival with 

Dublin. treasure the 5th. Delivered the message to the Lord Deputy and 

Essex which Her Majesty commanded upon his allegiance. Their 

honourable reconciliation. Circumstances on the apprehension of 


May 10. 12. Lord Deputy to the Privy Council. Recommends the offers 
Dublin Castle. an d suits of Sir Thomas Fytzwylliams, brother of Michael the late 
Surveyor. Incloses, 

12. i. Proffer of Sir Thomas Fytzwylliams for re-edifying 
Wicklow Castle, and building a sessions hall and gaol. May 10. 

May 10. 13. Lord Deputy to Walsyngliam, in favour of Sir T. Fytz- 

Dublin Castle, wylliams's offer. 

May 10. 14. Earl of Kyldare to the Queen. His ready preparation to have 
Dublin Castle, come to England. His sudden arrest. He prays that his cause may 
be speedily heard, being unacquainted with adversity. 

May 11. 15. Lord Deputy to Burghley. To send a protection to the water's 
Dublin Castle, edge for Bartholomew Skott, accompanying Mr. Vice-Treasurer in 
guard of the Earl of Kildare. 

May 12. 16. Lords Deputy, Keeper, and Vice-Treasurer to same. The 
Dublin Castle. Earl of Kildare's three sons taken. Intend to embark the Earl on 
Monday next. Richard Barry who crept over yesterday to be 
stayed. Sackford arrived without money or victual. 

May 12. 17. Lord Deputy and Earl of Essex to the Privy Council. Have 
Dublin Custle. considered and noted certain articles for a bargain to be made 
between Her Majesty and Mr. Henry Sackford and his brother 
Thomas for victualling. 

May 12. 18 Earl of Essex to Walsyngliam. Recommends the bearer, 
Dublin. Vice-Treasurer Fyton, for wisdom and virtue. Marvels what 
respects have moved Henry Sackford to become Victualler, unless to 
convey the corn to Spain. 

[May 12.] 19. Petitions exhibited by Henry and Thomas Sackford to 
facilitate the victualling of Her Majesty's garrisons in Ireland. To 
have commission for Somersetshire and Shropshire, like those they 
have for Gloucestershire and Worcestershire. 

[May 12.] 20. Articles whereupon a bargain is to be made between the Queen 
and Henry and Thomas Sackford for victualling. 



May 14. 


May 15. 

1575. VoL - LL 

May 14. 21. Earl of Ormond to Burghley, for certain letters patent to 
Kilkenny. b e cancelled and new made, according to the effect of a former 

May 14. 22. Capt. N. Malbie to same. Earl of Essex is departed north- 
Dublin, ward to build at the Blackwater. Kildare's apprehension is thought 
strange. Deputy and Essex very good friends. T. Lynagh hath 
written a letter of great submission. 

May 14. 23. John Symcott to same. Hopes Kildare may receive his just 
Dublin. deserts. Desmond, &c., will make extraordinary broils to revenge 
him. The writer in great obloquy for doing his duty. Custom 

May 14. 24. Notes to be considered by the Lords of the Council, for the 
Earl of Essex. Money the foundation of the whole service. Com- 
mission to let lands in Ulster to English and Irish. Salt pans from 
Tynemouth and a salter to be sent. Pardons for Captain W. Beck- 
with and James Sydae a skilful sailor. Release of Essex's mortgaged 

25. Thomas Might to Burghley. Is detained for ending his 
account. Begs his sureties be not endangered for their bonds. The 
present victualling bad. 

26. Lords Deputy, Keeper, and Vice-Treasurer to the Queen. 
Weighty considerations moved the apprehension of Kildare. The 
cause of his sending for known. Proofs in confirmation of the charges 
already uttered. Fear of the people to disclose their knowledge. 

26. I. Boole of matters against the Earl of Kildare, containing 
examinations of Owne M'Hugh, Lucas O'Toole, Richard Fitz- 
gerald, John Walsh, Richard Keating. 10th Feb., \Wi Mar,, 
and 12th May 3575. May 12. 

May 15. 27. Lord Deputy and others to Burghley, Sussex, and Leycester. 
Dublin Castle. Kildare's money and papers conveyed away before the search. 
Mayor of Waterford has sent intercepted letters from James Fitz- 
maurice's wife. Inclose, 

27. i. Catherine Burke, wife of James Fitzmaurice, to John 
O'Duyn. Arrived with their company in good health. Her hus- 
band in the French King's court. She lives upon her own charges, 
and is well received. Desires he will be good to her servants, and 
send her other letter to her mother. [Original.] Apr. 28, St. Malo. 

27. ii. Same to her mother, Margaret Power. Gentle reception 
by the Captain of St. Malo. Her husband honourably received by 
the Governor of Brittany. Desires her mother not to be offended at 
her departure. 

Postscript. Henry Ryan to Mrs. Power. To be good to John 
Farill, who has his son. Has sent him a milch cow. 

[Original] Apr. 28, St. Malo. 






May 15. 28. Lord Deputy Fytzwylliams to the Queen. Received her 
Dublin Castle, gracious letters on the 5th. Message how graciously she allows of 
him and his service, and holds him clear of ill-will to Essex. 

May 15. 29. Same to Burghley. The difficulties upon O'Donnell's giving 
Dublin Castle, over the war with Turlough Lynagh not great. Has consented to 
divide the garrison with Essex according to the plat, but not without 
danger. Money and victuals. 

May 15. 30. Same to Walsyngham. Any breach of old good will was 
Dublin Castle. Malbie's fault. Essex. Revocation or death. Provision. Kildare. 

May 15. 31. Note certain sums of money due for Irish causes. 

May 16. 32. Earl of Ormond to [Burghley]. Is glad Burghley does not 

Dublin. believe that he uses ill dealing to his wife. Wishes well to Oxford's 

travel. Is sorry the Earl of Kildare should stand in doubtful terms 

of his duty, it will operate on Desmond. Lord Deputy hath 

honourably despatched many malefactors. 

May 16. 33. Certificate of the debts due by Captain Nicholas Malbie to 
Her Majesty and others, being 1,194Z. 11s. Qd. Certified by Auditor 

May 17. 34. Lord Deputy to Burghley, much commendation of the 
Dublin Castle, bearer Capt. Harrington, repairing to his father Sir James to be 
provided for. 

May 17. 35. Same to same. Sends Lady Fytzwylliams to solicit his life in 
Dublin Castle, consideration of 17 years' service. If a clear discharge cannot be, 
at least three months' relaxation. 

May 17. 36. Same to Walsyngham. The bearer will inform him of 
Dublin Castle. Deputy's decayed state. 

May 18. 37. Vice-Treasurer Fyton to Burghley. Has arrived with the 
Hylbree. Earl of Kildare and his two eldest sons. Desires that his Lordship 
will send him Her Majesty's pleasure by this bearer and a protection 
for Scot. 

May 22. 38. The Queen to the Lord Deputy. Has thought good to forbear 
the prosecution of the Ulster enterprise. Essex to confer with 
the Deputy as to the most politic manner of compounding with 
T. Lynagh, &c. 

May [22.] 39. Same to the Earl of Essex. Explains her purpose of re- 
Greenwich, linquishing the Ulster project without any dislike of himself or 
danger to the State. Essex to use his good consideration to 
accomplish the same, as it is hard to prescribe the form. 

May 22. 40. Certain of the Lords' instructions to Mr. Ashton. To assure 
the Earl of Essex of Her Majesty's good will to him. Essex's 
judgment thought best to devise the breaking off of the enterprise. 
To confer with the Lord Deputy. Conditions thought best to grant 
to Turlough Lynagh. Provisions to be carefully preserved. 


1575. VoL - LL 

May 25. 41. Lord Deputy to the Privy Council If the victualling be not 

Kilmainham. immediately attended to, it will cause immense loss to the Queen, 

overthrow the Earl of Essex's enterprise, and turn the garrison upon 

the country. Sackford has started off and left Deputy at his wit's 


May 25. 42. Same to the Lords Burghley, Sussex, and Leycester. Kil- 
Kiimainham. dare's favourers much amazed upon his apprehension. Incloses, 

42. I. Declaration of Edmund Keating, 
his children shall win Ireland hereafter. 


trust that 
May 1 7. 

42. ii. Declaration of James Keating and Maurice Keating. 
Moyler Keating took John O'Malone's prey from Taghtye Kye for 
Kildare's displeasure. May 17. 

42. in. Examination of Robert Keating. Earl of Kildare caused 
Allen of St. Wolstan's, Elmer [qy. Aylmer~\ of Lyons, and Garret 
Sutton, of Conall, to be spoiled, because they did and 'might 
hinder him of the rule and government that he looked for. John 
and Moyler Keating slain by the Earl's procurement, lest they 
should reveal his secrets. May 23, Kilmainham. 

42. iv. Declaration of Cowle O'Gormelay relative to the death of 
his master, John Keating. May 24, Kilmainham. 

42. v. George Thornton's declaration of the proceedings of James 
Fitzmaurice and his companions. The French King will send 
4,000 men with James Fitzmaurice into Ireland during his pre- 
tended siege of Rochelle. May 25, Dublin. 

May 25. 43. Lord Deputy to Burghley. The Victualler Sackford has 
Kilmainham. stolen away. Deputy is a mirror of all the misery in the world. 


43. i. Lord Deputy to the Privy Council. 

May 25, Kilmainham. 

May 28. 44. Mayor, &c., of Cork to Lord Burghley, for payment of money 
Cork. f or ces s o f soldiers to the bearer who has their docquets under the 
Auditor's hand. 

May. 45. Memorandum of sums of money due to divers persons for 


May. 46. E-eport of Henry Sackford of victuals shipped, and to be 

shipped for Ireland. 

May. 47. Sir Thomas Smith's title to all the Ardes, great and little. 

Offers made to him for the same. His requests if Her Majesty will 
take it to herself. 

48. Earl of Leycester to Mr. Ashton. It is resolved that all 
things shall be done for the relief of his friend [ ? the Earl of Essex] 
and to have his enterprise well thought of. His sufficiency not well 
thought of. 

E 2 



49. Note of the allowance which Thomas Sackford delivers to the 

captains serving under the Lord Deputy. 

50. Articles to be considered of by the Privy Council, in what 
sort the captains serving with their bands under the Lord Deputy 
may be best victualled at least charge to Her Highness. 


June 1. 1. Lord Deputy to the Privy Council, in furtherance of the suits 
Kilmainham. for which the Mayor and others of Limerick now send agents. 
Their furtherance of the service, help of money and victuals, &c. 
last summer. 

June 1. 2. Same to Lords Burghley, Sussex, and Leycester. Depositions 
Kilmainham. against Kildare. Incloses, 

2. i. Deposition of Mulmurre M 'Edmund's relative to the Earl 
of Kildare. May 31. 

2. ii. Declaration of Diermot Reagho O'Mannin. The Earl of 
Kildare gave leave to Donogh M'Philip to spoil Clonings by Connall. 

May 31. 

2. in. Declaration of Brein Duffe, that he was sent by the Earl 
of Kildare to Shane O'Mulloy and Con M' James O'Melaghlin to 
command that he should do no service under Edw. Moore. 

May 31. 

2. IV. Declaration of John Walshe, relative to the spoil of M alone 
by the Earl of Kildare' s procurement. May 31. 

2. v. Confession of Thomas Bracke concerning the departure of 
James Fitzmaurice. The Earl of Desmond and Sir John of Des- 
mond privy thereto. Under the hand of Nicholas Walshe. 

June 1. 3. Earl of Essex to Walsyngham. Now that the Queen resolves 
Drogheda. to cease her charge, he yields to her direction. He is sorry he has 
condemned any man here, for the faults of others there. His land 
bound to Her Majesty to be presently discharged. 

June 1. 4. Same to the Privy Council. Has received Her Majesty's letter 
by Mr. Ashton. Instructions. The ruin of his work. Would not 
have conceived so jealously of the Lord Deputy, if Her Majesty 
and the Privy Council had written plainly to him at the first. Has 
spent great sums and sold his land. Thanks for the time given to 
work some good conclusion. 

June 1. 5. Instructions given by the Earl of Essex to Mr. Ashton des- 
patched towards Her Majesty and the Privy Council. Last money 
nearly spent in preparation for this journey. Will build a small 




June 1. 


June 2. 

June 2. 
June 2. 

June 2. 
June 2. 
June 2. 


town at Belfast. Turlough Lynagh sent his wife to the Newry last 
week to treat for peace. A respite of 10 days granted to him. Offers. 
Name of O'Neill. Scots more inclinable to civility than the Irish. 
O'Donnell, the Baron, Magennis. 

6. Mr. Peeter to [Burghley] relative to the issue of money for 
Ulster, with a copy of a privy seal dated at Richmond, March 
19, 1575. 

7. Privy Council to the Lord Deputy. Her Majesty has concluded 
the bargain with Henry Sackford, Esq., for victualling the realm of 
Ireland. Orders to he observed. 

8. Same to the Earl of Essex. The indenture concluded with 
Sackford. Orders. 

9. Same to Auditor Jenyson. Sackford enters on his bargain 
1st May last. Auditor to perfect Sackford's former account. 

10. Fair copy of the above. 

11. Articles whereon to examine the Earl of Kildare. 

12. Examination of the Earl of Kildare before Knollys, Walsyng- 
ham, and Bromley. Explains his message to Rory Oge before he 
attacked him. His advice to a man of his who had been spoiled. 

[June 2.] 13. The chief matters wherewith the Earl of Kildare is charged 
with his answers to the same. 

June 2. 14. Petition of Captain Nicholas Malbie to the Queen for a lease 
of the casualties of the counties of Montgomery, Merioneth, Caer- 
narvon, Anglesea, Denbigh, and Flint. 

June 2. 15. Petition of same to same as above. 

June 3. 1 6. Earl of Essex to Burghley. Commends the bearer Mr. Stute- 
Drogheda. vyle, who has earnest suits in England. 

[June 3.] 17. Private Instructions given by the Earl of Essex to Mr. Ashton. 

[Drogheda.] Essex to be allowed his disbursements. The mortgage of his 
lands to be discharged. To be created Earl Marshal of Ireland. To 
have the country of Ferney wherein he will build at Donamayne. 
A consideration for his interest in the Earl of March's lands. 

June 8. 18. JohnTalbot to Richard Talbot his brother. Marshal Bagenall 
Dublin. would spend 1,000. but he would have him. Recommends him 
to get Lady Fytzwylliams's letter to the Lord Deputy. Roger 
Fynglas is dead. 

June 10. 19. Earl of Desmond to Burghley. Desires that his castles may be 
Askeaton. restored to him, and his son in Bristol licensed to come to Ireland 
for a time. 

June 10. 20. Same to Secretary Smith to the same effect. 




June 12. 

June 13. 


June 14. 

June 14. 


June 14. 


June 17. 


June 20. 


June 20. 


June 20. 


June 20. 



21. Earl of Desmond to the Privy Council. Has received their letters 
of 19 Oct. Denies that he was advised to leave Dublin'Jby any of the 
Council. The Baron of Lixnaw and James Fitzmaurice the chief 
practisers that made him conceive that the Lord Deputy maligned 
his life and liberty. 

22. Lord Deputy to Lord Burghley, for the bearer Thomas 
Cosgrove, of Dublin, merchant, to have payment and favourable 

23. Same to the Queen. Reasons why he yielded not to the Earl 
of Essex's requests and offers. Little need for so much ado for a 
profitable peace. Without either hosting or journey T. Lynagh was 
to be dealt with. Incloses, 

23. I. Turlough Lynagh [Dominus O'Neill] to the Lord Deputy. 
Thanks him for not invading his country without cause, as the 
Earl of Essex had done. He would often have accused Essex, but 
that he had the chief government of Ulster. Desires peace or a 
truce. Latin. April 29", Donaghmore. 

24. Lord Deputy to Lords Treasurer, Chamberlain, and Leycester. 
Since setting forward the hosting with the Earl of Essex he has got 
two of the witnesses mentioned in Owen M'Hugh and Lucas O'Tool's 
declarations. News of Her Majesty's favourable disposition towards 
the Earl of Kildare has dismayed the informers. Incloses, 

24. i. Declaration of Shane M'Feigh O'Toole relative to the 
spoiling of Daniel, of Castle Dermot. June 10, Kilmainham. 

24. ii. Declaration of Hugh Duff M'Donnell. Conference at 
Newcastle Magineghan with Mr. Agarde. Earl of Kildare mis- 
trusted the deponent. June 10, Kilmainham, 

25. Lord Deputy to Walsyngham. Thinks it strange that he 
should both be called upon to answer for not accepting Essex's 
requests and offers, and also be prejudicially chidden for it. Objects 
to be made the bearing ass. To favour the bearer Bryan Fytz- 
wylliams's causes. 

26. Walsyngham to the Lord Treasurer, for favour to the bearer, 
Mr. Agarde, in payment of a Privy Seal, to Smith the apothecary of 
Dublin, Hewet of Chester, and poor Elyot the Master Gunner. 

27. Lord Deputy to the Privy Council. John Bland, a substitute 
from Sackford, has arrived, but without provision or money. Shows 
how the whole service will be overthrown unless immediate care be 
taken to supply the victual 

28. Same to Lords Burghley, Sussex, and Leycester. The 
depositions. Richard Barry and James Hicky, two of the Earl of 
Kildare's men, who have just stept over, to be examined. 

29. Same to Burghley. Thanks for his courteous usage and 
sound advice to his wife. Victualling. Sir T. Fytzwylliams's cause, 
Brereton and Cornwall. He desires to go to England for his health. 

30. Same to Walsyngham, of like tenor. 



1575. VoL ' LIL 

June 20. 31. Special causes which move Henry Sackford utterly to refuse 
to deal with the bargain for the victualling in Ireland. He would 
not pinch the soldiers. He would be loth to serve where any 
jealousy should rise between the Governor and him, &c. 

June 24. 


32. Ed. Waterhous to Burghley. Essex has taken 1,200 kine 
from T. Lyna,gh, slew divers of his men and chased him into a wood. 
Essex has begun a bridge with buttresses of stone. Turlough again 
offers submission. Victualling. 

June 24. 33. Same to Walsyngham. The building at the Blackwater will 
Dublin. k e a great stay to the Baron of Dungannon. Essex drove Turlough 
Lynagh so hard into the wood that he left his horse and mantle 
behind for haste. Jenyson's office at Berwick. 

June 25. 34. Extract of the Earl of Essex's instructions to Mr. Ashton 
with the resolution of the Privy Council thereon. It is less dis- 
honourable that Turlough Lynagh enjoy the urraghs by usurpation 
than by composition. To be O'Neill by toleration. Sorley Boy. 

June 28. 35. Lord Deputy's warrant to the Clerk of the Check to allow 
Fort of 22 Irishmen in Captain Wyngfeld's band. 


36. The Queen to the Lord Deputy, to put Sir James Fitzgerald 
in possession of the lands given him by his father and now withheld 
from him by his brother the Earl of Desmond. 


Manor of 

June 30. 

37. Docquet of captains' bills received 
chaelmas 1574, to 30th June 1575. 

for victuals from Mi- 

[June?] 38. Memoranda relative to the victualling of Ireland by 

[June ?] 39. Copy of the above. 

July 2. 40. Interrogatories to be ministered unto Richard Barry. 

July 2. 41. Articles to be ministered to James Hicky, Kildare's servant. 

July 2. 42. Thomas Bromley, Solicitor-General, to Walsyngham. Has 
London, examined the two Irishmen named James Hicky and Richard 
Barrye, prisoners in the Tower. Incloses, 

42. i. Examination of James Hicky before the Lieutenant of the 
Tower and the Solicitor-General. Denies to have been sent by the 
Earl of Kildare to Kedagh M'Cormack. Kine whereof John Her- 
bert was spoiled given to his brother, Maurice Hicky. 

July 2, Tower of London. 

42. ii. Examination of Richard Barry before the Lieutenant 
of the Tower and the Solicitor-General, relative to his dealings with 
rebels for the Earl of Kildare. July 2, Tower of London. 

<Tuly 4. 43. Petition of Thomas Le Strange to the Queen, for the fee 
farm of 45?. which he hath in Westmeath and Connaught. His 
losses by O'Connor Roe 1,847?. 


July 5. 


July 5. 

July 6. 


July 7. 



44. Earl of Essex to the Privy Council. Turlough Lynagli 
wrote to him to forbear building and make peace, and afterwards 
broke off. Message to M'Mahon to join the Scot. Turlough 
Lynagh with 1,900 and the Scots 1,400 attack Essex. Sorley Boy. 
Turlough obliged to take to the bog. Peace. The Fort at Black- 
water finished, the bridge and stone tower. Departure for 
Claneboy where the Scot is strong and Brian Erto [Fertagh] 
increased. Incloses, 

44. i. Articles of peace concluded betiveen Essex and Turlough 
Lynagh. Lot. June 27, at the New Fort at the Great River. 

45. Articles of June 27, agreed upon, between the Earl of Essex 
and Turlough O'Neill, englished. 

46. Captain Malbie to Walsyngham. The Earl of Essex's good 
policy. Her Majesty's intent revealed to the rebel They proceed 
against Nele M'Brian Fertagh [yerto]. Some articles of the com- 
position with Turlough Lynagh may be misliked, but the causes 
which moved the Earl to make it must be considered. 

47. Auditor Jenyson to Burghley. The money of the Irish 
revenue employed clean contrary to the way in which it ought to be 
used. At Michaelmas next the soldiers come again to be cessed on 
the country. Essex's accounts. Lewdness of his clerk at Berwick. 
The chest of William Bermyngham's books. 

48. Lord Deputy to Lords Burghley, Sussex, and Leycester. 
Depositions against Kildare. Thanks for their dealing with Her 
Majesty for his release from his charge of Deputyship. Infirmity. 
Hubert M 'Thomas. Meyler Hussey hindered the examinations and 
shall be sent over. Burnell the Recorder of Dublin, the very best 
spoken man of the whole land, a perverse papist, has departed 
without license and must be arrested in England. Money. 

48. i. Deposition of Richard Howth. The Earl of Kildare had 
conference with the sons of Cormac 0' Conor, being rebels. 

June lo and 16. 

48. ii. Declaration of John Walshe. Conference of Kildare witli 
Donough M'Philip O'Kelly. June 25, Maryborough. 

48. in. Declaration of Wony M'Lyse O'More. Kildare' s device 
to spoil Wony M'Hugh, to whom deponent had made a faithful 
promise of friendship. June 26, Maryborough. 

48. iv. Declaration of Nicholas Eustace. Conference between 
John Walshe and Rory Oge. June 26, Maryborough. 

48. v. Declaration of Elizabeth Nyne Edmund, wife to Teig 
M' Wony, relative to the Earl of Kildare. June 27, Maryborough. 

48. vi. Declaration of Garret M l Shane. The Earl of Kildare 
devised the prey of Kilheele, which was done by Rory Oge. 

June 28, Maryborough 


1575. Vo '" 

48. vn. Declaration of James Walshe. Directions sent from the 
Earl of Kildare, what the rebels should do, and whom they should 
spoil.- June 28, Maryborough 

48. Viii. Declaration of Alexander M'Icallaghe. The rebels com- 
bined by the Earl of Kildare. Harry Colley, Owen M'Hugh, 
Thomas le Strange, Nicholas Herbert, and Rossa M'Geoghegan 
spoiled. June 29, Lecagh. 

48. ix. Declaration of Con M' James O'Melaghlin, relative to the 
first prey of Kilheele. July \, Oarbery. 

48. x. Declaration of William M'Garalde Birmingham. Spoils 
and murders always committed after Piers Keating 's conferences 
^vith Kildare. Prey of Gerald Button, of Richardstown. 

July 4, Kilmainham. 

48. xi. Declaration of Hugh O'Spellan. Kildare's message to 
Shane O'Neill, in his rebellion. July 4, Kilmainham 

48. xii. Declaration of Hubert M' Thomas. A hawk, stolen from 
Mr. Colley, given to Kildare's falconer, Thomas Enos. N. Herbert's 
prey. Enos slain by Kildare's order, lest he should utter secrets. 
Common talk among the rebels that if the Callioght of England 
were dead, the Earl of Kildare and they would kill all English 
churls, and drive them to the sea. July 6, Kilmainham. 

48. xin. Grant made by the lords and gentlemen of the county of 
Kildare for 160 of the Keating kerne to have certain spending upon 
the country, according to the ancient custom. 1572, Oct. 27. 

48. xiv. Sill or petition of Shane Keating to the Lord Deputy. 
Desires Her Majesty's protection till Shrovetide ; also a protection 
to come to his Lordship to declare certain matters. [Copy. With 
a note by Fytzwylliams that Shane had the protection, but never 
came till his head was brought.'] About 1574/5, Jan. 

48. xv. Docquet or note of the examinations against Kildare. 

48. xvi. Earl of Essex to Lord Deputy. Meeting with Turlough 
Lynagh. The pledges which Turlough Lynagh had of the baron 
and M'Mahon delivered up. Turlough's pledges shall be delivered 
to morrow. Neill M' Brian Fertagh, Philip O'Reilly. 

June 29, New Fort, near the Blackwater. 

48. xvn. Proclamation of the Earl of Essex. Her Majesty's care 
for the province of Ulster. Turlough O'Neill's submission. He 
and his followers received into Her Majesty's peace. 

June 28, Camp near the Blackwater 

48. xvin. Articles of peace wiili Turlough O'Neill, 

June 27, the New Fort near the Great River. 

48. xix. The considerations which moved Essex to consent to 
certain of the articles. Maguire. Scots of the Earl of Argyle's 
surname allowed for Turlough 's body-guard. His wife Agnes a 
wise and a civil ivoman, and an earnest instrument of peace. 



July 7. 49- Earl of Ormond to Burghley. Desmond is afraid to come 
Dublin. into any walled town since Kildare was committed. He maketh a 

very strong house at Askeaton. James Fitzmaurice's messengers 

laid for. 

July 8. 50. Declaration of Christopher Kelly, Kildare's butcher, relative 
Kilmainham. to beeves restored to N. Herbert's sons since his master's going to 

July 9. 51. Ed. Waterhous to Walsyngham. The Irish of Claneboy with 
Dublin. their Captain Brian Fertagh have offered their service against the 
Scots. All their land at the devotion of Her Majesty. Every man 
prayeth that the Queen may deal graciously with the Earl. 

July 12. 52. Declaration of Richard Stanyhurst, Schoolmaster to the Earl 
Kilmainham. of Kildare's children in Rathangan. Kedagh M'Cormac O'Conor 
and other rebels resort to the Earl. His prophecy that God's wrath 
would fall upon his master. 

53. Answer of Thomas Sackford, touching his departure out of 

July 13. 54. Declarations of Harry and Edward, sons to Nicholas Herbert 
Kilmainham. o f Monaster Orys. Have received recompense of part of their father's 

prey. Cause of Thomas Enos, the Earl of Kildare's falconer being 


July 13. 55. Declaration of William Fitzgerald. Spoil of Kilheele. Spoil 
Kilmainham. of the Dillons in Moylelaghe. 

July [13?] 56. Privy Council to Lord Deputy. Have called Thomas Sack- 
Kenilworth. ford before them and charged him with quitting Ireland without 
license. Hope he will do better. 

July 14. 57. Declaration of Conoghor O'Hevrin. The hawk sent from 
Kilmainham. Kedagh M'Cormac O'Conor to Kildare. 

July 14. 58. Declaration of Robert Keating. Purpose to take the stud of 
Kilmainham. Shane M'Davy of the Rahin. 

July 15. 59. Lord Deputy to the Privy Council, in behalf of the bearer, 

Kilmainham. Mr. Sowche. 

July 16. 60. Memoranda to have the Queen's resolution for Ireland, with 
Sir Henry Sydney's demands at Kenilworth. 

July 17. 61. Lord Deputy to Walsyngham for revocation. 


July 17. 62. Declaration of Hugh O'Spellan. Answer returned by Shane 
O'Neill to the Earl of Kildare that he would follow his advice. 

July 17. 63. Declaration of Shila Mother. Earl of Kildare's conference 
Kilmainham. w ith the O'Mores, O'Conors, Galloglaghes, M'Geoghegans, O'Molloys, 
and Keatings for the combination. 

[July 17.] 64. Note of 4,600?. paid to Henry and Thomas Sackford. 


July 20. 


July 20. 


July 22. 


July 22. 


65. Lord Deputy to the Privy Council, for certain debts of the 
Earl of Ormond to be discharged. Incloses, 

65. i. Schedule of the Earl of Ormond' s debts under the Auditor's 
hand, with reasons that they may be discharged. 

66. Dowdall, Walshe, and Meagh to the Lord Deputy concern- 
ing the arrival of Edmund M'Ridery the Seneschal, and John M'Ulick 
from James Fitzmaurice. Desire to know Deputy's pleasure con- 
cerning him. Inclose, 

66. i. Edmund M'Eydery and John FitzUlick to the Earl of 
Desmond. Left James Fitzmaurice in France. Desire protection 
from him and the Commissioners, that they may appear. 

July 15, Balynavistiall. 

66. II. Earl of Desmond and Dowdall to Justice Walshe and the 
Commissioners. Appoint a meeting at Cork, to understand of 
the cause of James Fitzmaurice 's servants coming into Ireland. 

July 16, Kilmokoaghe. 

66. TIL Interrogatories administered to James Fitz Edmund 
Fitzgerald, Seneschal of Imokilly, and John M' (flick. July 18 . 

66. iv. Answer of the Seneschal and John M'Ulick to the articles 
ministered unto them by Her Majesty's Commissioners. July 1 8. 

66. v. Henry III., King of France, to Queen Elizabeth. Inter- 
ceding for favour to James Fitzmaurice of Desmond. Latin. 

66. vi. Same to his ambassador, De la Motthe Fenelon, to in- 
terest himself in the cause of James Fitzmaurice of Desmond. 

67. Earl of Essex to the Queen. Marched from Dromore July 6. 
Peace with Neale M'Brian Fertagh, Chief Captain of Claneboy and 
the Ardes, and with the Captain of Killultagh. Battle with Sorley 
Boy and 900 Scots at the Ban. Losses. Bourchier's lieutenant 
slain. Essex obliged to return for want of victual. Sorley Boy 
sues for peace but Essex has no commission to deal with him. Brian 
Fertagh's weak state. Desires the Queen's speedy resolution as to 
what she will have done with Ulster. Commends all the captains 
and gentlemen. Incloses, 

67. i. Articles passed between Essex and Neale O'Neil M'Brian 
Fertagh, Chief Captain of Claneboy and the Ardes. 

July 7, Dromore. 

[Mem. This paper seems to have been sent to Burghley, but 
as the letters to him are missing it is located here, where the 
inclosure is wanting. There is another copy, dated July 8, in 
1 575, July 23.] 

68. Earl of Essex to the Queen. [Copy.] 



July 22. 69. Same to Burgliley. Desires the Queen's pleasure for the 
Drogheda. country of Claneboy, for the soldiers and for himself. Bland, the 
Deputy Victualler is very barely furnished. 

July 23. 70. Earl of Essex to Walsyngham. Humility of the terms used by 
Drogheda. O'Donnell and Turlough Lynagh. Sorley Boy hath solicited Dun- 
gannon the Marshal and Malbie to procure for him the Glynns and 
the Route. Essex offers him to go into England. Incloses, 

70. i. Articles passed between Essex and Neale O'Neill M'Brian 
Fertagh, Chief Captain of Claneboy and the Ardes. July 8. 

70. IT. Like articles between Essex and Cormac M'Neale 
M'Brian, Captain of Killultagh. 

July 24. 71. Earl of Ormond to Burgh ley. Desmond desires to talk with 
Kilkenny, him on the borders. The Commissioners can do little in executing 
any order against him. Ormond defies those who would impute evil 
to him. His suits recommended by the Lord Deputy. 

July 24. 72. J. Symcott to same. Has made out writs of fieri facias. 
Thomas Court. Malice. If any matter touch a cousin, both justice, judge, serjeant, 
and attorney will find for him contrary to all right, equity, and 
conscience. Necessity of the commission which R. Grimsditch 
sued for Her Majesty's customs at Chester. Merchants so stout 
and undutiful will not show Mr. Lodge either cockets or goods. 
Gooddall insufficient. Incloses, 

72. i. Lord Deputy to the Sheriffs of Connaught, for the execu- 
tion of Her Majesty's writs. July 11, Kilmainham. 

72. ii. J. Symcott, to E. Fytzsymon, the Queen's Serjeant-at- 
Law. Sends him a copy of the Commission touching reformation 
of Her Majesty's customs at Chester. Desires his opinion of its 
sufficiency. July 25, Thomas Court. 

72. in. E. Fytzsymon to J. Symcott The bearer would not 
leave the Commission till to-morrow. He cannot certify his opinion 
in so short a time. [Original.] July 26, Grange. 

July 26. 73. Privy Council to the Lord Deputy. Have heard that Edward 
Butler refuses to come before the Deputy. Her Majesty's commands 
that he comes in without any protection at all. [Minute.] 

July 26. 74. Same to same, to cause Owen Moore to take a general muster 
Kenilworth. O f a ll the bands in pay. 


July 27. 75. Lord Deputy to the Privy Council. The bearer John Williams 
M'Geoghegan's } 1U rt by rebels to be provided for according to his worthiness and 
good desert,. 

July 27. 76. J. Symcott to Burghley. The commission for the customs at 
Thomas Court. Chester. Proceedings of the merchants. 



July 31. 


July 31. 

July 31, 


July 31. 
July 31. 




77. Earl of Essex to the Queen. Sent Captain John Norreys with 
300 soldiers and three frigates to take the Raghlins. Breach the 
castle with two pieces of great ordnance. English compelled to 
retire for a time. Captain of the island slain. Parley. Constable 
obtains his life. His garrison all slain to the number of 200. Son 
of Alexander Oge M/Alester Charrie, a prisoner, saved. A wardof 
30 soldiers placed there. 11 Scottish galleys burnt. 

78. Earl of Essex to the Privy Council. Captain Norreys has 
taken the Raghlins and slain all the people. Recommends all the 
gentlemen, captains, and soldiers that serve under him. Sir Peter 
Carew and the Knight Marshal. 

79. Same to Walsyngham. To procure Her Majesty's letter of 
thanks to the gentlemen and captains. Sorley Boy and his gentle- 
men sent their wives and children to the Raghlins, which are all 
executed. Sorley stood on the mainland and saw the taking of the 
island, which made him run mad. 

80. Privy Council to the Vice-Treasurer of Ireland to imprest 
2,OOOZ. to Sir Henry Sydney. 20 3 000. per annum to be advanced 
for Ireland, and to be issued by warrant from Sir Henry Sydney. 

81. Answers of Henry Burnell, late Recorder of Dublin, to 
interrogatories ministered unto him by W. Fleetwood, Recorder 
of London. Circumstances of his coining over. His dealings with 
and for the Earl of Kildare. 

82. Names of the Commissioners for taking the account of Sir 
Edward Fyton, Treasurer at Wars in 1575. 

83. Sir Henry Sydney's plot for the government of Ireland, 
commodity of planting Presidents in Munster and Connaught. 



Aug. 1. 1. [Walsyngham?] to the Lord Deputy. Delay of Sir Thomas 
Fytzwylliams's suit for Wicklow Castle. Statute quoted to his 

Aug. 2. Instructions by the Queen for Sir Henry Sydney, Lord Deputy of 
Lichfield. Ireland, to be communicated to the Council in Ireland. [Two 

copies. See Ireland, Edw. VI., vol II., No. 57, and Dom. Eliz 157Q 

vol. 134, p. 603.] 

Aug. 3. 


2. Lord Deputy to Burghley. Has received Burghley's letter for 
old William Fox to be paid what Parker owed him. The muster 
of Essex's company. The malicious report made to Her Majesty 
and the Council of Edward Butler is unfounded. Return of the 
Seneschal of Imokilly and others from James Fitzmaurice. The 
late good Chancellor's case to be a precedent for his revocation. 


Aug. 5. 



Aug. 4. 3. J. Symcott to Burghley. Abundance of merchandise imported 

Thomas Court, without cocket. The merchants allege that for apiece of money, they 

are promised to overthrow the commission for Chester customs. Malice 

and persecution of the merchants, who threaten him and Grimsditch. 

Her Majesty has not, and need not confirm their charters. 

4. Earl of Desmond to same. For a warrant to the Lord Deputy 
for allowance to Thomas Burgate, late Clerk of the Council of 


Aug. 5. 5. Dowdall and other Commissioners for Munster to same. For 
Cork. allowance to their clerk Thomas Burgate. 

Aug. 6. 6. Thomas Sackford to same. The plague at Dublin. Supply of 
Drogheda. grain. Account. Incloses, 

6. i. Remain of victuals at Knocltfergus and Carlingford. 

July 10. 

Aug. 8. 7. Earl of Ormond to Burghley. The false information against his 

Mockark. brother Edward who has gone with all speed to the Lord Deputy. 

Suspects Sir Barnaby Fitzpatrick to have given the false information. 

7. i. Privy Council to the Lord Deputy, as to Edward Butler. 

July 25, Kenilworfh. 

Aug. 12. 8. Henry Sekeforde to Burghley. Is sorry the bands shall be 
St. John's, removed from Ulster where he has sent most of his provisions. 

Wishes that his ship might have crossed to the Bay of Biscay to bring 

salt, as there is a good market for it. 

Aug. 12. 9. J. Bland to same. No storehouse, bakehouse, or brewhouse in 
Drogheda. Dublin. State of those at Knockfergus. 

Aug. 16. 10. Earl of Essex to the Queen. Turlough Lynagh's pledges 
Drogheda. having escaped from Sir N. Bagenall are restored. Turlough Lynagh 
has proclaimed that whoever molesteth those that draw timber for 
the fort at the Blackwater shall be hanged. Turlough Brasselagh. 
The Scot fearing to live in the Glynns desires to pass into Con- 

Aug. 16. 11. Same to the Lord Deputy and Council. Shows the ad- 
Drogheda. vantage to be gained by keeping 300 or 400 men in wages in Ulster 

till Her Majesty's pleasure be further known. The bands distributed 

in Ulster. 

[Aug. 17.] 12. Memorandum by Burghley of the debt and payments in 

Aug. 18. 


Aug. 19. 


13. Captain Nicholas Maltbie to the Queen. Appointed by Essex 
to treat with Sorley Boy upon articles in writing. Sorley afraid 
to meet Maltbie in Lecale. Terms proposed. Soldiers cassed and 
Essex divested of the government of Ulster. Her Majesty's gracious 
letter was most acceptable to the Earl of Essex. 

14. Earl of Essex to Burghley. His disgrace by the alterations. 
His requests not granted. He desires Burghley 's best advice. In- 




Aug. J9. 


Aug. 23. 


Aug. 26. 

St John's. 

Aug. 29. 


Aug. 30. 


VOL. Lin. 

14. i. Earl of Essex to the Queen. His design in coming to 
Ireland was to win honour. If Her Majesty does not think his 
continuance an assistance to the Deputy, he would return. 

Aug. 19, Drogheda. 

15. Privy Council to the Earl of Desmond. To be circumspect 
and not led by bad councillors. Baron of Lixnaw and James Fitz- 
inaurice. Restitution of his castles. 

16. Earl of Ormond to Burghley. The false information against 
his brother Edward, Sheriff of Tipperary. Incloses, 

J6. i. Privy Council to Lord Deputy Fytzwylliam touching 

Edward Butler. 

July 25, Kenilworth. 

17. H. Sekeforde to Burghley. Has been ordered by the new 
Lord Deputy Sydney to send the provisions to Drogheda. Desires 
that the Auditor of Ireland may defalk money for provisions delivered 
to the marshal and captains. 

18. Vice-Treasurer Fyton to same. Stays with the treasure till 
the Lord Deputy Sydney shall sail, as he hears of a Scot or two 
haunting the coast. Plague in Ireland. Has received bills and given 
his to the Earl of Ormond after the old course. 

19. Order passed by the Commissioneis of Munster for the Earl of 
Desmond against the Baron of Lixnaw for his appearance in the 
Liberty Court of Kerry. Also as to rent and kine rising out of 

Sept. 4. 20. Lord Deputy Fytzwylliam to Burghley, Sussex, Leycester, and 

Maryborough. Walsyngham. Prays for money to discharge the garrison to 1,600 

pays. Allen and Dillon are preparing to go to England. Sir H. 

Sydney is at the waterside. The state of his health required his 

revocation much sooner. 

Sept. 4. 21. Same to Walsyngham. Allen and Dillon. Thankfulness for 
Maryborough, his revocation. 

Sept. 16. 22. Francis Lany to Lord Deputy Sydney. This morning Sorley 

Catrickfergus. Boy's horsemen came to Carrickfergus and gathered the prey of the 

town. Mackworth with his horsemen rescued the same valiantly. 

Captain Bakar with Norreys's footmen marched towards the Glynns 

and is slain among 60. Depravity and peril. 

Sept. 18. 23. Lord Deputy Fytzwylliam to the Privy Council. The 
Dunsaghlen. bearers Dillon and Allen to be considered for their charges. Arrival 


Sept. 19. 24. Declaration of John M alone, spoiled in September last. Kil- 
dare refused to stay the spoilers James Dempsy and Lawrence Sutton 
who were in his company. 

[Sept. 21.] 25. Allowance of 41 4Z. 4s. 5d. Irish to Sir Edward Fyton for 
bringing the Earl of Kildare out of Ireland prisoner into England. 




Sept. 27. 


Sept. 27. 

Sept. 28. 


Sept. 28. 

Sept. 28. 


26. Vice-Treasurer Fyton to Burghley. The Sword of State 
delivered to the new Deputy. Fyton accompanies the journey to 
Knockfergus. Fyton discharged of his commission in Connaught. 
The house of Athlone. Money. Mr. Montague likely to be Vice- 
Treasurer. John Warren to be Sheriff of Cheshire next year. 

27. The Queen to the Lord Deputy, respecting the petitions of 
the City of Limerick. 

28. Petition of the Mayor, &c. of Limerick to the Queen by their 
authorized agent James Galway, for renewal of their charters and 
establishing a school, for payment of 7597. 3s. 6d., &c. 

29. Lord Deputy Sydney to the Queen. Reference being made 
to him, he recommends that the Earl of Essex should have his 
demands of the leading of 300 men for life, and Magee Island. 

30. Same to Burghley. Her Majesty's allowance of some of 
Essex's demands. Sydney desires his money paid punctually other- 
wise he cannot keep his promise. Plague. Journey towards Car- 

31. Same to Walsyngham. 
Leveret has sold his office. 

Essex. Sir W. Drury to be sent. 

Sept. 28. 32. Earl of Essex to Burghley. Will accept Her Majesty's offers 
Drogheda, as the Lord Deputy hath now written. Essex's determination to 
live private assures him of a quiet and a contented life. Recom- 
mends the bearer Mr. Barkelye. 

Sept. 28. 33. Same to Walsyngham. Thanks for the Queen's last letters so 
Drogheda. contentedly written both for form and matter. Mr. Broughton will 

solicit the assurances to pass under the Great Seal. Captain Baker 

and 40 soldiers slain by the Scots. Incloses, 

33. i. Lord Deputy Sydney to Queen Elizabeth. Essex. 

Sept. 28, Drogheda, 

Sept. 28 ? The Queen to the Lord Deputy Sydney. Her meaning only to 
send the Deputy to countenance Essex with his forces upon Turlough 
Lynagh. The garrison to be reduced to 1,600 soldiers. [Extract. 
See Dom. Eliz., Vol. XL V., p. 90.] 

Same to the Earl of Essex. Promises to deal graciously with him 
when his account comes to her hands. She is content he may be 
Earl Marshal of Ireland during her pleasure. She granteth him the 
country of Ferney. His desire of the leading of 100 horse and 200 
foot. The forfeiture of his lands. [Extract. See Dom. Eliz., Vol. 
XLV.,p. 90.] 

Sept. 30. 34. Wages of 100 horsemen and 100 footmen maintained by 
Essex in household from 1st Aug. 1 573 to 30th Sept. 1575, being 
6,492?. 15s. I0d. Irish. 

Sept. 35. Particular Book of the Army as remaining 12th Sept. 1575. 
And of the number dischai-ged 19th Sept. 1575. 



1575. VOL.LIII. 

36. Names of captains and ministers victualled by Henry and 
Thomas Sackford from Michaelmas 1574 to Michaelmas 1575. 

Sept. 30. The " Triplicamente " of the account of Sir Edward Fyton, 
Treasurer at Wars from 1st April 1573 to 30th Sept. 1575, signed 
by the Commissioners for taking the same, Sir H. Sydney, Adam 
Dublin., Nic. Bagenall, Jo. Plunket, Sir N. White, Sir Lucas Dillon, 
Thos. Jenyson, and Lawrence Alford. [Ireland, Folios, Vol. 

Oct. 1. 37. Vice-Treasurer Fyton to Burghley. Has no money for Sir 
w. Fytzwylliam. 2,000& or 3,OOOZ. more wanted to pay the dis- 
cnar g e( i soldiers. Recommends bearer Mr. Robert Dyllon. Incloses, 

37. I. Declaration of the issue of 3,000?. 

Oct. 4. 38. Lord Deputy Sydney to Burghley. Stout courage and for- 
Termonfeckin. wardness of the bearer Thomas Wyngfeld, late lieutenant. 

Oct. 5. 39. Same to same. Reconciled with Fytzwylliam. His next 
Mellifont. assignation of 5,000. to be paid 1st Dec. instead of 1st January. 

Oct. 5. 40. Vice-Treasurer Fyton to same. The late Lord Deputy not 
Platyn. imprested of his entertainment since May. He has Fyton's bills for 
his full reckoning, 4,1227. 6s. 3d sterling. Incloses, 

40. i. Duplicate of the declaration of the issue of 3,OOOZ. 


Oct. 7. 


41. Vice-Treasurer Fyton to Burghley. Has given his bill to the 
Archbishop of Dublin for 600/, notwithstanding his promise not to 
give any bills. 

Oct. 9. 42. Nicholas White, Master of the Rolls, to same. Thanks for his 
St. Katharine's, letter of 20th Aug. The unkindness of Sir W. Fitzwylliam and his 
contentation. Unhonest intercepting of his letters to Secretary 
Smith. The Lord Keeper has had all the gain and White all the 
pain of the Chancery. Chief Baron in favour with Sydney. Ormond 
and Essex joined in great amity. Sound and quiet state of the 
country when left by Sir W. Fytzwylliam. 

Oct. 10. 43. Earl of Essex to same. If malice either in Ireland or at home 
Drogheda. procure for the bearer such a welcome as is incident to the governors 
of this realm, he will have wrong. Essex sees such a to wardness of 
an end of all his troubles that he determines a private life. 

Oct. 14. 44. Archbishop of Dublin to same. Commends Sir W. Fytz- 

Tallagh. wylliam, a zealous furtherer of true religion. The excellent nature of 

the good Earl of Essex. Burghley to deal effectually and honourably 

for him. Fyton being in want of money he has delivered to him his 

whole substance for which he has his bill. 

Oct. 15. 45. Auditor Jenyson to Walsyngham. Berwick. Glad he has 
Lassen Hall, received the hawks. Essex's causes have been troublesome, tedious, 

and long. He can send but an estimate of his Lordship's accounts. 

The Lord Deputy mindeth severely to maintain his travail about the 

Courts of Record. 

2. F 


Oct. 15. 




46. Petition of Sir Hugh Magenisse to Lord Deputy Sydney. Ever 
since his revolt from Shane O'Neill he has showed assured testi- 
monies of his fidelity, to Her Majesty. Offers a yearly rent of 100 
marks and a rising out for his possessions of Evagh. 

[Oct. 15.] 47- Articles to be inserted in the grant to be passed to Sir Hugh 
Magenisse of the country of Evagh in Ulster. 

Oct. 16. 48. Memorandum of the charges in Ulster from 19th Jan. 1573 to 
16th Oct. 1575, with a note of the Queen's debt there. 

Oct. 16. 49. Estimate of the wages and extraordinary charges growing 
due under the regiment of the Earl of Essex. 

Oct. 16. 50. Estimate of wages and extraordinary charges. 

Oct. 19. 51. Truce and composition between the Lord Deputy and Council 
Carrickfergus. and Sorley Boy M'Donnell. Latin. 

Oct. 19. 52. English translation of the above. 


Oct. 22. 53. Earl of Ormond to Lord Burghley. Sir William Fytzwylliam 
Kilkenny, has very carefully and well served. Heartily prays him to stead 
this honourable Earl of Essex for the good despatch of his causes. 

Oct. 26. 54. Auditor Jenyson to same. Has finished Essex's account till 
Lassen Hall. April 30. Has made an estimate of the remainder. Determination 
of Treasurer Fyton's account. Has received W. Bermyngham's chest 
of books, but finds nothing at all concerning the country debts. The 
Lord Deputy will have Jenyson search out all the disorders in the 
Courts of Record. Revenues. 

[Oct. 26.] 55. Declaration of the revenue of Ireland from the first year of 
Queen Elizabeth to the seventeenth, both inclusive, being 1 9, 1 947. 6s. 6d. 

Oct. 31. Book of charges of the Queen and also of the Earl of Essex, Lord 
General of Ulster, for 183 days from 1st May to 31st Oct. 1575. 
[Ireland Folios, Vol. IX.] 

Nov. 3. 56. Petitions of Turlough Lynagh O'Neill, exhibited to the Lord 
Armagh. Deputy and Council, and if they think good, to be preferred to Her 
Majesty. To have confirmation under the Great Seal of whatsoever 
he obtained from the Earl of Essex, &c. Latin. [Copy. The original 
was signed by Agnes Campbell and others.] 

Nov. 6. 57. Lord Deputy Sydney to the Privy Council. Recommends the 
Newry. bearer Captain Selby. 

Nov. 6. 58. Vice-Treasurer Fyton to Burghley. Refused his bill to Captain 
Newry. Selby. 1,1507. 8s. 0%d. sterling due to him. His worth. 

Nov. 6. 59. Same to same. His letter of 9th September grieved Fyton. 
Newry. His discourse with the Queen under an oak in Hatfield Park par- 
ticularly described. Ormond's brethren. Edward Butler and the 

Deputy. Mr. Agarde. 

r J ' --> 


1575. VOL. LHI. 

Nov. 8. 60. Lord Deputy to the Privy Council. Recommends the bearer 
Newry. Thomas Lambin, an impotent soldier. 

Nov. 10. 61. Turlough O'Neill to the Queen. Eelates the fidelity and ser- 
Doyre Lorain. vice of his ancestors and himself to the Crown of England at all 
times. Rejoices that Sir H. Sydney is Deputy, who will not make 
good subjects rebels. Begs she will grant his petitions. Latin. 

Nov. 10. 62. Same to Burghley. To further his causes with Her Majesty. 

Doyre Lorain. Latin. 

Nov. 10. 63. Same to Walsyngham. Thanks for his assistance last year. 
Doyre Lorain. Prays him to be a diligent solicitor of the petitions he has sent to 
the Queen. Latin. 

Nov. 14. 64. Vice-Treasurer Fyton to Burghley. His answer concerning 
Flatten, near the report against Edward Butler. He is discharged from his 
Dogheda. authority and entertainment for Connaught. Desires Burghley to 
restore the Vice-Treasurer's office to its full entertainment. 

Nov. 15. 65. Lord Deputy Sydney to same. Essex will report his dealings. 
Mellifont. Commencement of his reckoning to be 1st October. Money. The 
timber and stone prepared by Sir John Savage to be sent to Ire- 
land. A warrant to Fyton allowing the Deputy to dispose of the 

Nov. 15. 66. Same to Walsyngham. Thanks for his travail with Sir 
Mellifont. William Drury to serve Her Majesty with him. Fyton. 

[Nov. 15.] 67. Plot by Sir Henry Sydney to govern Ireland with 20,000?. 
out of England and the 6,OOOZ. of the revenue of that realm. The 
commodity to ensue by planting Presidents in Munster and 

[Nov. 15.] Copy of the above plot for the government of Ireland. [See 
Dom. Eliz., Vol. XL F., pp. 57, 58.] 

Nov. 16. 68. Lord Deputy Sydney to Burghley. Commends Capt. Wm. 
Mellifont. Collyer and his 20 years' service. The day of payment to be kept 
with Deputy. 

Nov. 24. 69. Mr. R. Bagenall to same. Has attended the Deputy in Ulster. 

Fort of Dinghan Universal fear and mistrust. The whole province humbly yields to 

withm Offaly. ^^ or( j er ^ fa e Q ueen an( ] Council shall determine. The bearer 

Salamone Farnan, Turlough Lynagh O'Neill's messenger, hath 

behaved very well Turlough Lynagh's wife is a very nobell, wysse 

woman, and as dutyfully uses herself to further the Queenes service 

every waye, as if she weare a naturall borne subjecte. 

Nov. 26. 70. Sir W. Fytzwylliam to same. The Queen's gracious accep- 
Windsor. tation of him, and favourable allowance of his service. His bare 
estate to be considered. Sick of his Irish infirmity and a fever. 

F 2 




Nov. 30. 71. Vice -Treasurer Fyton to Burghley. For the bearer Captain 

Tallagh. William Collyer to have payment of 1 ,500?. due to him. A new 

warrant to the Auditor to take his account till the last of September. 

Nov. 30. 72. Auditor Jenyson to same. Captain George Bourchier is 
Lassen Hall, overpaid, and has to receive money in England. Morgan, Berkeley, 

and Norreys have likewise been overpaid. Treasurer's account. 

The bearer Captain William Collyer. The gift of the country. 

The Queen to the Earl of Essex. His most dutiful manner of 
writing used in his two last letters, spoiling himself of his own affec- 
tions and yielding to Her Majesty's will and pleasure did not a little 
content Her Majesty. Queen Elizabeth expects him, being made of 
the metal he is [i.e. the husband of Lettice, Her Majesty's nearest 
kinswoman], not to fester reproachfully in the delights of the Eng- 
lish Egypt, where many take greatest delight in holding their noses 
over the beef pots. The marshalship. A certain proportion of trea- 
sure which she means not to exceed is set down for defraying the 
charges. [See Dom. Eliz., Vol. XL V., page 82.] 

Nov. 73. to the Earl of Essex. Her Majesty deferred 

to answer his letters sent by Mr. Berkeley because she attended the 
coming of Sir W. Fytzwylliam. She is glad Essex has arrived safely 
after so dangerous a passage. Her affection towards Essex. 

[Nov.] 74. An estimate by Sir W. Fytzwylliam that 5,905Z. 19s. W^d. 
will be yielded to Her Majesty by eleven of the baronies in the 
county of Meath upon the gift of the country in 1571. Has left a 
double of the certificate of the Commissioners with the Auditor in 


Dec. 6. 1. Examination of James Hickey. In company with Kedagh 

Tower of M'Cormac O'Conor. The hawk from Maurice Fitzwater. Prey of 

London. Nicholas Harbert. He slew Thomas Enos because he was a rebel. 

He assisted to slay Shane and Meyler Keating by the Earl of Essex's 

appointment. Also examination of Richard Barre. Description of 

the murder of Shane and Meyler Keating. 

[Dec. 7.] 2. Articles whereupon Meyler Husey is to be examined. 

Dec. 7. 3. Examination of Meyler Husey. Stucley's interview with the 
Earl of Kildare before his departure. Felim O'Conor complained 
of Stucley's hard usage. James Fitzmaurice. Creagh accounted a 
very holy man. The bull. Hugh M 'Shane. Kildare s incontinent 
life deserves the punishment of God. 

7. 4. Confession of Meyler Husey concerning the heads of Shane and 
Meyler Keating being brought to the Lord Deputy. 



[Dec. 8.] 

Dec. 8. 

Dec. 8. 

Dec. 9. 


Dec. 10. 
Dec. 12. 

Tower of 

Dec. 13. 

Dec. 14. 


Dec. 15. 


Dec. 16. 



5. Matter and interrogatories to charge the Earl of Kildare. 

6. Extract of matters against the Earl of Kildare. 

7. Notes out of the depositions of Owen M'Hugh, Richard Garrett, 
Richard Keating, and Robert Keating. 

8. Certain points to be considered in the things produced against 
the Earl of Kildare. 

9. Answer of the Earl of Kildare to the Articles of Interrogatory, 
denying all the evil parts. Supplication that if these answers be not 
sufficient he may be sent back with commission to the now Lord 
Deputy and whole Council to examine him. 

10. Answer of the Earl of Kildare to six articles concerning 

11. A short note touching the Earl of Kildare's case. No point 
sufficiently proved against him, though the presumptions are very 

12. [Sir W. Fytzwylliam] to Lord Deputy Sydney. Death of good 
Sir Peter Carew. He hath made his cousin Peter his heir to his lands 
in Ireland. Suit for the grant to the said Peter of the keeping of 
Her Majesty's castle of Leighlin. 

13. Articles to impugn the Earl of Kildare's answer of Dec. 8. 

14. Examination of Meyler Husey. His message to the Lord 
Deputy to know what Kildare should do with Shane Keating. 
Warrant for receiving Keating at Dublin. 

15. Examination of the Earl of Kildare concerning the murder of 
the Keatings, receiving rebels on protection, &c. He humbly sub- 
mits his cause and himself to Her Majesty. 

1 6. Owen Moore, Clerk of the Check, to [Walsyngham]. The duti- 
ful discharge of his office. Incloses, 

16. i. State of the garrisons of Ireland, being 1,498 'men, 
22,353L 7s. 8f d per annum. Dec. 1. 

17. Lord Deputy to the Privy Council. O'Donnell, Lord of Tir- 
connell, and Maguire, Lord of Fermanagh, favourably reported. 
Louth much impoverished. Drogheda increased in wealth through 
the expenses of the Earl of Essex. Ferney to be looked to. Meath. 
O'Reilly the justest Irishman, and his country the best ruled. Details 
of Westmeath, Dublin County, Kildare, Carlo w, Wexford, East 
Leinster, King's and Queen's Counties, and Upper Ossory. Rory 
Oge's promises. Sydney courteously entertained by Ormond and 
received with pomp by the city of Kilkenny. English Pale desire 
to pay a yearly rent for cess. Money and Mr. Agarde to be sent. 

18. Same to Walsyngham. Desires he will make a collection of 
his letters to the Council during his perambulation, and they will 
supply the information of the Irish Lords and their countries which 
he desired, 



Dec. [16.1 19. Interrogatories to be ministered to Meyler Husey, James 
Hicky, Kichard Barrye. Meyler Husey's confession of 16th Dec. 
that he moved Piers Keating to aid Sir Barnaby Fitzpatrick. 
John Eustace moved the spending of the country for the Keating 

Dec. 16. 20. Interrogatories for Meyler Husey. 

Dec. 20. 21. Sums of money demanded by persons from Ireland being 

Dec. 22. 22. Lord Deputy Sydney's requests to be propounded in Council, 
with postils by Burghley. Chatterton. Magennis. Sorley Boy 
and his competitors. M'Mahon. To create Turlough Earl of Clan- 
connell, Magennis Baron of Evagh. What shall be done with Harry 
O'Neill now in Dublin Castle. GesheL Cess of the Pale. 

Dec. 23. 23. Note of payments from 31st March 1573 to 23rd December 

Dec. 29. 24. Earl of Essex to the Privy Council. Finds how heavy his 
Durham House. Ireland service has been to him. Desires a speedy resolution in his 
causes. The buildings intended in Ferney. 

[Dec.] 25. Particulars wherewith to charge and examine Meyler Husey 

relative to the Earl of Kildare. 

[Dec.] 26. Memorandum of money disbursed for Ireland 1573/4 January, 

to 1576 December. 

[Dec.] 27. Memorandum of money due to Sydney and Fytzwylliam as 


28. Privy Council to Sir William Chomeley, Sir George Calver- 
ley, and Sir Rowland Stanley, to muster 400 soldiers at Chester going 
to Ireland. [Minute, corrected by Burghley and Walsyngham.] 

29. Book on the state of Ireland, including the book of Patrick 
Fynglas [tempore Henry VIII.], and Sir Thomas Cusake's letter to 
the Duke of Northumberland 8th May 1552. [See Irish Calendar, 
1533, page 9, No. 7, and 1552, page 126, No. 43.] 

30. Note from Sir Lucas Dillon that the warrant for taking sur- 
renders and passing grants, may extend to the lands in Ulster given 
to Her Majesty by Parliament. 

31. Petition of Thomas Lamben to the Privy Council. Has 
served in the wars 30 years. Desires a pension or a grant of lands 
in fee farm. Refers to the Deputy's letters in his favour of 1575 

, November 8. 

32. A note of all the money overpaid and owing to Her Majesty's 
subjects by certain captains who have served in Ireland under the 
Lord Deputy and the Earl of Essex. 


1575. VOL - LIV ' 

33. Articles of instructions of the contents of Her Majesty's letters 
patents, to be made to the Earl of Essex. 

Friday. 34. John de Burgo [Burke] to Valentine French and John Martin 
Gorttnemeacken. Sends eighteen kine and desires in return a butt of wine, better than 
the last. 

35. Sums taken out of the private charges of the Earl of Essex, 
1573 to 1575, which are to be defalked as not appertaining to the 
charges of Ireland. 

36. Memorandum of payments made yearly for Irish affairs from 
Michaelmas 1558. 

37. Memorandum of the remain of a docquet to the Earl of Essex 
in the name of T. Waterhouse, &c. 

38. Petitions of Henry and Thomas Sackford, appointed to the 
victualling for the year ended 29th Sept. 1575, to be allowed certain 
sums above the composition. 

39. Note of the Lord President of Munster's opinion for reforming 

40. Notes for the Presidency of Munster. Victualling. Postage 
and extraordinary charges. A new survey. 

41 . Note of port corn paid to the Lord Deputy, the diversity of 
measures, &c., by H. S. 

42. Petition of Christopher Fitz Symon to Burghley. For 
payment of a warrant of 100. which his father Edward Fitz Symon 
has sent him. Suppliant, who is a student at the Inns of Court, has 
not received a penny these two years. 

43. Petition of Mr. John Norreys to the Privy Council. For 
payment of 1311. His repairs of the castle of the Raghlins. The 
Victualler's refusal to furnish the ward. His hoy and small boat 
taken by the Scots and burnt. 

44. Petition of Robert Pavy of London to Burghley. Had 
been assured by Dr. Wilson, Master of Requests, that out of the 
next Privy Seal for Ireland he should be paid the money due to him. 
Begs for God's sake now to be remembered or he should forfeit the 
lease of his house. 


Jan. 5. 1. Answer of Captain Malbie to the bill of complaint exhibited to 

the Privy Council by John Calvett and John Baptist de Sambitores 

for 300. which he owes to them. 


1576, VOL - LV : 

Jan. 9. 2. Earl of Essex to the Privy Council, to procure for him a speedy 
Durham House, and resolute answer from Her Majesty. 

Jan. 13. 3- Same to the Queen. His poor estate far altered from what 
Durham House, it was at his departure. To shape some gracious resolution speedily 
for him. 

Jan. 20. 4. Lord Deputy Sydney to the Privy Council, for license for the 
Cork. town of Dungarvan to export 90 quarters of corn. The bearer 
Michael Hore, their factor, commended. 

Jan. 23. 5. Privy Council to the Lord Deputy. Thanks for his travel in 
Hampton Court, establishing the North and South and West of Ireland. Weighty 
affairs prevent their spending much time about Ireland. Chatterton 
for the Fews and O'Hanlon's country. Both Chatterton and Captain 
Malbie shall be treated with shortly. Magennis to be made a Baron, 
&c. Sorley Boy, the Glynns and Route. Turlough Lynagh's requests. 
To be created Earl for his life and his son to be Baron. Soldiers' pay. 
Cess. Henry O'Neill the son of Shane. Thanks to the citizens of 
Waterford and Sir Lucas Dillon. 

Jan. 23. Same to the Mayor of Waterford. Thanks for the honourable 
reception given to the Lord Deputy Sir Henry Sydney. \_See paper 
placed 1533, Feb. 26.] 

Jan. 24. 6. Edmund Tremayne to the Lord Deputy. Advice to plant 
Hampton Court, justice and law, and to suppress injustice and tyranny. Presidents. 
Impolicy of making great lords. Gentlemen and freeholders to be 
encouraged. A hard matter that the Glynns and the Route be 
granted to the Scots. Composition for cess. To advance the 

[Jan. 24.] 7. Note of such things as the Lord Deputy is instructed to do, and 
to advertise Her Majesty. [This was inclosed by Walsyngham, and 
answered 1576, April 27.] 

Jan. 25. 8. Auditor Jenyson to Walsyngham concerning captains over- 
Balrothery. paid. 

Jan. 25. 9. Same to Sir William Drury. The Lord Deputy has 100 beeves 
Balrothery. i n salt for Drury at Cork. Drury would do well to bring corn for him- 
self from Gloucester, &c. 500 marks imprest appointed for him. 

Jan. 26. 10. Same to Burghley. Report that H. Sekeforde had received 
Balrothery. 1,000?. more than was certified. John Bland. Captains overpaid 
wilfully by the Deputies and Treasurer. Sir Henry Radeclyff and 
Sir Humfrey Gylberte's reckonings. The country's gift. Incloses, 

10. i. Book declaring the state of the reckonings of captains 
serving under the late Lord Deputy and the Earl of Essex, who 
are overpaid, and indebted to Her Majesty and her subjects. 

Jan. 25. 


1576. VoL - LV ' 

Jan. 31. 11. N. White, Master of the Rolls, to Burghley. For H. Cusake of 

St. Catharine's Dublin, merchant, to be saved from the danger of his creditors in 

^ y ln< London. Great cess imposed upon the English Pale for finding the 

Governor's house, &c. 4,350. demanded for composition. The 

Chancellor's office. Burghley 's mild report of the Earl of Kildare's 

case to Her Majesty. Fruits of Fytzwylliam's good government. 

The plague ceased in Dublin. 

12. Note of the cess imposed on the Pale for the Lord Deputy's 
house and garrison. Sum of the whole charge 4,036. 15s. 

Jan. ? [The Council ?] to the Bishop of London. Signify the Queen's 

pleasure that the Lady Kildare might have free access to the Earl 
her husband ; with permission for them " to lye together, a thinge 
usual 1," in such cases. The Queen will show further favour to the 
Earl in a few days. [See Dom. EUz., Vol. XL V., p. 1 5. On the 
1 3th Feb. Lady Kildare had license to return to Ireland to take 
charge of the Earl's lands during his absence. Council Register.] 

Feb. 3. 13. Earl of Essex to Walsyngham. A renewing of friendship 
Durham House. w ith the Lord Treasurer. Letter to the Queen corrected by Burghley. 
Walsyngham may suppress the letter. 

Feb. 5. 14. Same to same. Her Majesty hath taken great offence against 

Durham House, him for not accepting her late offers. Desires Walsyngham to pre- 

sent to her a letter which he hopes will give satisfaction. Essex is 

obliged to leave for want of credit, he prays Walsyngham to keep 

him in Her Majesty's good favour. 

[Feb. 5.] 15. Brief relation of the course of the Earl of Essex's adventure in 
Ireland. If Her Majesty shall not think convenient to recompense 
the Earl's charges, the letters patent of Claneboy, the Route, &c., are 
extinct and no benefit thereof to be had. 

Feb. 22. 16. Treasurer Fyton to Burghley. His answer touching Mr. 

Dublin Castle. Edward Butler. Treasure by Mr. Gyfford. Manner of dealing to 

send the Treasurer but bills and warrants as greatly to his charge 

and peril as the treasure would have been. The house of Athlone. 


16. i. Docquet of payments out of 5, QQQL Feb. 20. 

Feb. 22. 17. Treasurer Fyton to Walsyngham. The renewing of his patent. 
Dublin Castle. The Archbishop of Dublin's experience great and his honesty more. 
Quietness of the State. 

Feb. 24. 18. Lord Deputy Sydney to Burghley. The treasure brought by 
Limerick. Gyfford shall be delivered to the Treasurer. Will do what con- 

veniently he may for Andrew Skiddy. Will follow his good counsel. 

Journies through Ireland. 

Feb. 27. 1 9. Same to the Privy Council. Discourse of his proceedings from 

Limerick. Dec. 15. His entertainment at Curraghmore by the Lord Poer, 

whose government is commended. Sir James Fitzgerald of the 





Decies, his bad government. Dungarvan, Captain Davells com- 
mended. Youghal. Hospitality of Cork. Desmond, Thomond, 
Clancarr, Bishops of Cashel and Cork, Elect of Roscarbery, Yiscounts 
Barry and Roche, Barons Courcy, Lixnaw, Dunboyne, Poer, Barry 
Oge, and Louth commended. Sir Donnell McCarthy and Sir Cormac 
M'Teig M'Carthy to be made Barons. Sir Owen O'Sullivan, Sir 
William O'Carroll, and M'Donogho. O'Mahon and O'Driscoll. Sir 
Maurice Fitzgerald. Sir Theobald Butler commended. Sir Thomas, 
Sir John, and Sir James of Desmond and many others attended 
Deputy. The ruined relics of ancient English inhabitants, as Arun- 
dels, Rochfords, Barrets, Flemings, Lombards, Tyrrys. The five 
powerful M'Sweenys. Offers of the country to surrender and take 
again their lands of Her Majesty. 24 notable malefactors executed. 
Condon or Canton of Annoy attainted. A younger son of Viscount 
Roche attainted. Much done in the recovery of the Queen's decayed 
rents and embezzled land. Letters to be written to Lancelot Alford 
the surveyor. Plot for Munster to bear 50 horsemen and 100 foot- 
men of Her Majesty's English soldiers continually. Kilmallock re- 
edified. Limerick. The Burkes, Lacys, Suppels, Purcels, Red Roche, 
O'Mulrian, M 'Brian O'Gonagh, M 'Brian Arra, O'Brien of Arloe and 
others, desire to have the forces of their mean lords suppressed, and 
to bear an English force. Ulick and John Burke. M'Namaras. 
The Queen's writ not current in Kerry and Tipperary. President. 
Agarde, Dowdall, and Walshe commended. J. Fitzmaurice at St. 
Malo. Sir W. Drury. Gerrarde to be Chancellor. Coiners. Magen- 
nis. Malbie and Chatterton. Turlough Lynagh's requests and 

20. Lord Deputy to Walsyngham. Her Majesty to pardon him 
for not answering presently the points inclosed in Walsyngham's 
letter. Presidents. Will bring Ireland in three years to that state 
that it shall cost nothing to England. Lack of Mr. Agarde. Mr. 
Gerrard to be sent as Chancellor. There is no place in Ireland 
but what Sydney would put Essex in. Credit to the bearer 
J. Gyfford. 

J ':*''>* :> ff<i 

21. Captain Malbie's charges for Irish horsemen, shot and kerne, for 
one year before the coming of the Earl of Essex. 

22. Order by the Lord Deputy Sydney, with the advice of Sir L. 
Dillon. The Earl of Desmond restored to a rent out of Clanmorris 
wrongfully detained by Thomas Baron of Lixnaw. 

[Mar. 7.] 23. Petition of Captain Nicholas Malbie to the Queen. To have 
100?. in fee farm in Ireland in recompense for Macartan's country 
which he is required to surrender. 

Feb. 25. 

Feb. 27. 

Feb. 27. 


March 7. 


24. Captain Nicholas Malbie to Walsyngham, recital of service. 
Seeing Essex cannot be despatched, Malbie desires of Her Majesty 
100?. land in Ireland and to surrender his patent of Macartan's 



1576. VoL - LV ' 

25. Note of wrongs done to Nicholas Malbie, late captain in Ire- 
land, by Her Majesty's Ministers there. Shows how his bills to mer- 
chants were continually bought up and paid, before he had their 
wares, and that his debt to the Queen arose through the Treasurer's 
great care for the merchant to the loss of the poor captain as well as 
of Her Majesty. 

March 8. 26. Lord Deputy to Burghley. The bearer Thomas Sackford to 
Galway. make provision of grain in England and to receive 1,000?. of the 
quarterage. Sydney will lie at Carrickfergus from June till October. 
Masons, carpenters, and labourers to be sent for the building there. 

March 13. 27. Same to same. The English Pale repines at payment of cess 

Galway. now imposed. Necessity of cess to ease Her Majesty's charges. The 

bearer to be credited and his "bluntysh" delivery excused. Incloses, 

27. i. Proportion of cess of grain and beeves. 

[March 1 5.] 28. The draft for the number of horsemen, footmen, and kerne 
under the Deputy, being 737. 

March 21. 29. Obligation of Jo. de Burgo [John Burke] son of the Earl of 
Clanrycard, to abide by the decree of Redmund M'Shonyn and John 
M'Kyllekelly, chosen arbitrators in the causes between the said John 
de Burgo and Teabothe Boy Makeonyn. 

30. Order by the Lord Deputy to the Mayor and Bailiffs of 
Limerick to apprehend Gregory Creagh and cause him to pay for 34 
beeves he had bought of the Earl of Clanrycard. 

31. Commission to the Lord Deputy Sydney, Lord Chancellor, 
and others, for leasing Crown lands. [Minute. Indorsed are the 
names of the new Commissioners in the Lord Justice \Drury\'s 

32. Order by the Lord Deputy, granting Her Majesty's pardon 
to O'Heyn, of Cahyrerylan, Owen Mantagh O'Heyn, of the Lodigan, 
Shane Oge, and others, at the suit of the Earl of Clanrycard, who 
has entered into bond that they shall satisfy Athenry for spoils done 
by them. 

[April 23.] 33. Petitions of William Gerrarde on being named by Her Ma- 
jesty Chancellor of Ireland. Desires the profits of the deanery 
since the death of Dr. Weston. License to return to Chester for his 
health, &c. 

April 27. 34. Lord Deputy Sydney to the Privy Council. Agarde. Gifford's 
Dublin Castle, death. Earl of Thomond, Sir Donnell O'Brien, Teig M'Murrough, 
Teig M'Connoghor, Turlough, the Earl's brother, and Donough 
M'Murrough, all surnamed O'Brien. The two M'Namaras. Waste 
of the country laid to each other. Sir Lucas Dillon examines the 
particulars Arrests. Sir Donnell O'Brien made Sheriff. The 
country will maintain a Provost Marshal. Malefactors executed at 
Galway. Lands to be surrendered to the Queen. Connaught 

March 22. 



April 3. 




divided. In Sligo, O'Conor has under his tyranny O'Dowd, two 
Donoghs, two O'Haras, and Agare, He himself is tributaiy to 
O'Donnell. The Clandonnells, or Galloglas of Mayo, submit, and 
take their bonnaught of the Queen. The Dean of Christ Church to 
have thanks. M'William Eighter's service, disposition, surrender, 
seneschalship, knighthood. An English Sheriff sent with him. 
O'Mayle. M'Phaten, M'Juylye, M'Jorden, and M'Costello, their 
English surnames given. Galway decayed through the horrible 
spoil of Clanry card's sons. Archbishop of Tuam, Bishop of Clon- 
fert and Kilmacduagh, the Baron of Athenry, O'Flaherty, O'Kelly, 
O'Madden, O'Naghten, O'Heyne, original Irish, and Macowge, 
M'Hubert and other Burkes. Clanrycard's sons have submitted in 
Galway church, and are now prisoners in Dublin Castle. Athenry 
a most woeful spectacle. 2,000?. laid on the country to re-edify 
Athenry. Roscommon. O'Conor Don, O'Byrne, and O'Flun. 
O'Conor Roe and O'Flanagan afraid to appear. M'Dermod and 
M'Manus. Scots. O'Ferralls very dutiful. O'Reilly bedrid, at his 
death there will be great trouble. Th. Le Strange, Thomas Dillon, 
and Damporte left in Connaiight. Essex to be President. The Bishop 
of Meath to be thanked. Sydney's three heads for the reformation 
of Ireland : I. The Church ; II. The army of 1,000 continually 
standing. He desires Mr. Tremayne, the Master of the Rolls, and 
Attorney General of England, Mr. Bell, and Sir Edward Montague 
may be sent to confer with him. III. Three English lawyers for 
Chief Justices, and an Attorney General. 

[April 27.] 35. Table of the Lord Deputy Sydney's journey in Connaught. 
Extracted from his letter of April 27. 

[April 27.] 36. Similar table. 

April 27. 37. Lord Deputy to Walsyngham. Answer to notes inclosed in 

Dublin Castle. 24th January. Leix and Offaly. For every penny rent there Her 

Majesty gives twelve pence wages. Alford's travel commended. 

Desires his nephew, Henry Harrington, may have his letters for 

lands in reversion renewed. Incloses, 

37. i. The Surveyor's book, or declaration of the service of Lance- 
lot Alford, Surveyor-General, attending upon the Lord Deputy 
Sydney, in the business of arrearages, attainted lands, concealments 
of religious houses, ward land, &c., appertaining to Her Majesty, 
and never before answered, extended, or charged. 

37. ii. Perfect book of the state of the army, signed by the Clerk of 
the Check, 1,501 men, at 22,370?. 2s. 6fc?. per annum. May 1. 

37. in. Boole of Her Majesty's charges in Ireland, from, 1st Oct. 
1575, to 31 st March 1576, amounting to 12,977?. Is. 6^c?., signed 
by Auditor Jenyson, 3Qth April. 

April 28. 38. Lord Deputy Sydney to the Queen. Lamentable state of the 

Dublin Castle. Church of Ireland. Survey by Hugh Bradie, Bishop of Meath, a 

godly minister of the Gospel. Irish priests live upon the bare 


157C. - LV ' 

altarages, which are very small. The churches must be repaired. 
Ministers to be sought who can speak Irish. The Queen to write 
to the Regent of Scotland to send some honest, zealous, and learned 
men, who can speak the Irish language. Three or four of the 
English Bishops to be sent to model the Irish Church. 

39. Note of the Archbishops of Ireland, with their Suffragans 
and Archdeacons. Latin. 

April 30. 40. Privy Council to Lord Deputy Sydney. To assist the ser- 
vants of Sir William Fytzwylliam, sent over to reckon with the 
country, and to make certain payments. 

May 3. 41. Lord Deputy Sydney to Burghley. Hopes Burghley will 
Dublin Castle, read his four discourses on Ireland. Possibility of reforming Ire- 
land that it shall not be chargeable to England. The coiner of 
Spanish money, in whose behalf Thomas Cecil wrote, shall not be 
fc put to death. The death of John Gyfford lamented. 

May 3. 42. Same to Walsyngham. To expedite the Earl of Esiex and 
Dublin Castle, others. Importance of the cess. Desires that Walsyngham will 
defend his fame. 

May 6. 43. Edward Waterhous to same. The despatch Walsyngham 

Loadon. has won for the Earl of Essex contents him greatly. Favours to 

Malbie, Waterhous, and Martin. Desires letters from Her Majesty 

and the Council to the Lord Deputy and Council to witness her 

gracious opinion of Essex. 

May 8. 44. William White's bill, confessing the receipt of divers parcels of 
Loughrea. plate, jewels, and money, to the use of the Earl of Clanrycard. 

May 10. 45. Lord Deputy Sydney to Burghley. Certain impotent soldiers 
Dublin Castle, discharged, to have payment. 

May 12. 46. Treasurer Fyton to same. In favour of the bearers sent as 
Dublin. agents by the impotent soldiers. 

May 22. 47. Passport by the Lord Deputy for William White, servant to the 
Dublin Castle. Earl of Clanrycard, to repair into England, and to transport horses 
and plate. [ With a note by the Comptroller at Waterford, dated 
2d June.} 

May 25. 48. Earl of Clanrycard to the Queen. For license to repair and 
Loughrea. present himself to Her Majesty. 

May 25. 49. Same to the Privy Council. To further his petitions. In- 

Loughrea. closes, 

49. I. Petitions of the Earl of Clanrycard to the Privy Council, 
to be discharged of the rent and arrearages of Kilcrenaght and 
other abbey lands. That the order taken by the late Deputy for a 
cess of 1,200 kine for Athenry may stand, and no further charge. 



That his lands in Connaught be freed from cess. To have the 
Queen's license to repair into England with the grant of the cap- 
tainship to his son, Mr. John Burke ; and for the said John to be 
set at liberty. 

50. Draft of Clanrycard's petitions to the Privy Council. 

51, 52. Clanrycard's petitions, with postils by the Privy Council. 
[2 copies.'] 

53. Such requests as the Earl of Clanrycard means to make to 
the Queen. 

May [25.] 54. Earl of Clanrycard to Sir William Fytzwylliam. To further 
Loughrea. the bearer sent with certain requests to the Queen. Delivered up 
the castle of Clare and Bealathnysloy [Ballinasloe] on sight of the 
Queen's letters. Desires to have those castles again, and the former 
order of 1,200 kine for re-edifying Athenry to stand. The Queen 
to be good to his lewd sons. 

[May 25.] 55. Same to same. [Apparently the copy of an early draft of the 

Loughrea. above.] 

June 2. 56. Lord Deputy and Council to the Privy Council. Commend the 
Dublin Castle, bearer Viscount Gormanstown, repairing over to settle a little in- 
heritance in Hampshire lately fallen to him in right of his wife. His 
service against Collo M'Brien. 

June 13. 57. Sydney to Walsyngham. Recommends John Petit, clerk, to fill 

Dublin Castle, the bishoprick of Ardagh, void by the death of Patrick M'Mahon 

and to have the parsonage of Pierston in commendam. Cornelius 

O'Breinon to be preferred to the bishoprick of Roscarbery. [Ross in 

Carbery in the county of Cork.] 

June 15. 58. Same to the Privy Council. Has been delayed at Dublin for 
Dublin Castle, the new Chancellor, &c. Waterhous, staid at Chester by sickness, 
has arrived with the money. Some in Munster fallen to their old 
extortions. In Ulster Con M'Neill Oge is combined with the Scots. 
Will settle Drury in the presidency of Munster. O'Rourk the 
proudest man in Ireland. His patent entered in the oldest Council 
book made in Ireland, 33 Hen. VIII. O'Donnell's rent of 300 marks 
out of O'Conor Sligo's country paid ever since St. Patrick's days. 
on O'Donnell. O'Kellys, Lord Fitzmaurice of Kerry, M'Carthy 
Reagh of Carbery, M'Namara. 400 rebels and outlaws have died 
since Sydney's coming. Desires the revocation of grants to Chatter- 
ton and Malbie. The Chattertons are tall gentlemen and have lost 
everything. Turlough Lynagh to be Earl of Clan O'Neill and Sir 
Hugh Magennis to be Baron of Evagh. Her Majesty to send them 
robes and ornaments. Wishes the English Pale to give 2,000?. per 
annum to be disburdened of the soldier. A President for Connaught. 
Essex. Sir Edward Montague. The house of Athlone to be taken 
from Sir E. Fyton. 

June 15. 59. Same to Walsyngham. For translation of the Archbishop of 
Dublin Castle. Dublin to some bishoprick in England. 


1576. VoL ' LV ' 

June 15. 60. Mr. Francis Agarde to Walsyngham. Irish have covenanted to 
Grange r ents. O'Donnell 200 marks besides his ordinary risings out. 
O'Kellys to yield 500 marks yearly rent. Deputy Sydney's intended 
journeys. He will deal with the Scots according to the directions 
he has. The Lord Deputy joyous at the coming of Sir William 
Drury. The bearer James Prescote used by Deputy as a secretary. 

June 17. 61. Lord Deputy Sydney to the Privy Council. Safe conduct 
Dublin Castle, granted to the merchants of St. Malo for this year. Desires the letters 
of marte against the said merchants may be revoked. 

June 20. 62. Same to Walsyngham, for despatch of the suits of Thomas 
Dublin Castle. Pinnocke the armourer. 

June 20. 63. Order touching the dispensations to be granted by the Court 
of Faculties to be erected in Ireland. 

[June 20.] 64. Instructions to be annexed to the Commission for faculties in 

[June 20.] 65. Remembrance for Sir William Drury to press his suit for 
license to transport his provision for Ireland. [Mem. There is a 
copy of Perrot's license 1570/1, Jan. 1.] 

June 24^ 66. Earl of Clanrycard to Robert Damport the Provost Marshal. 

Kilkornain. Desires he will come to see him at Owran this afternoon, and be a 
means to show his mind to the Lord Deputy. Undertakes for his 
company's safety to Athlone. [Copy. The original of this is in 
1576/7, March 17.] 

June 25. 67. Lord Deputy to Burghley. Received money. Charged with 
Dublin Castle. 400?. for munition which he thought had been exempted in his com- 
position with Her Majesty. Complains of the high rates of the 
munition. Incloses, 

67. i. Note of certain money stayed out of the 5,0001. for the 
Midsummer quarter, the bills ivhereof to be sent into Ireland. 

June 27. 68. N. White, the Master of the Rolls, to Burghley. The Earl of 

Dublin. Clanrycard's sons have crossed the Shannon contrary to their oath 

and their father's bond. They have cast off their English garments 

and defaced At henry alias Kingston. Deputy returned from his 

intended journey to Munster and passed towards Athlone. 

June 28. 69. Earl of Clanrycard to the Lord Deputy. Ashamed to write 
Dunkellin. the sudden coming of his sons. Counsel to them at M'Coghlan's. 

Will stay his sons from doing any hurt till he hears Deputy's mind. 

[Copy. The original is in 1576/7, March 17.] 

June 28. 70. Same to the Earl of Ormond. The order of 6,000?. for 

Clandagawe. Athenry too heavy. Desire to wait upon the Deputy. Needs a 

protection, being bound in 2,000?. for his sons. Cannot make 

half a 1,000?. in money. Ormond to be mindful of this to witness 

to the Council in England. 



June 28. 

June 29. 

June 30. 


71. Earl of Clamycard to the Lord of Upper Ossory. He con- 
ferred with his sons at the water side. He is scarce able to excuse 
himself for their coming. The 6,000?. imposed for Athenry disliked. 
Prays him to write to the Lord Deputy for a protection for him. 
His sons are willing to give half their goods, moveable and immove- 
able, corn and horn. [Copy. Original is in 1576/7, March 17.] 

72. Lord Chancellor William Gerrarde to Walsyngham. Rough 
passage. Clanrycard's sons have preyed Athenry and taken Clare. 
Has had before him the whole crew of judges, officers, and councillors, 
and found not any good, no not one. The air and the country he 
likes well but not the people. No good meat. Desires that Bassenet, 
a student of Lincoln's Inn, may be sent over. Sends two letters from 

73. Earl of Clanrycard to the Mayor of Gal way and his brethren. 
Has conferred with his sons touching their mind. They are willing 
to do no harm. The Mayor to write to the Deputy to accept his 
sons' offers. [Copy. The original is in 1576/7, March 17.] 

74. Plan of Athenry, Clanrycard's house of Owran, the Shannon 
and the direction of Dublin, tricked by Burghley. 

July 2. 

July 5. 


July 8. 

July 8. 

July 8. 


1. Earl of Clanrycard to the Mayor of Gal way. To send Nicholas 
and Dominick Lynche, that they may be sent to the Deputy to 
induce him to a reconciliation. Latin. [Copy. The original is in 
1576/7, Mar. 17.] 

2. Mr. Edward Fyton to Burghley. Has heard from Ireland that 
Ulick and John Burke have proclaimed a spoil of the country, as 
they did when Fyton's father was President. 

3. Treasurer Sir Edward Fyton to same. Details the breaking 
out of Clanrycard's sons and the submission of the Earl. 

4. Same to Walsyngham. Discourse of Clanrycard's lewd pro- 

5. Earl of Ormond to Burghley. Gains small redress of injuries 
by justice. Incloses, 

5. i. Earl of Ormond to Lord Deputy Sydney. June 29. [Copy. 
The original is calendared. See 1576/7, Mar. 17.] 

5. n. Earl of Clanrycard to Earl of Ormond. 

June 28, Clonnedagawe. 
5. in. Earl of Ormond to Earl of Clanrycard. 

July 1, Kilkenny. 



July 9. 


July 101 

St. James's. 


6. Lord Deputy to the Privy Council. Clanrycard's sons have 
stolen over the Shannon, set the new gates of Athenry on fire, and 
beaten away the masons. Agarde was despatched to East Leinster, 
and has brought away Feagh M'Hugh M'Shane O'Byrne. Sydney, 
accompanied with Louth, Drury, Sir L. Dillon, and Wyngfeld, arrived 
long before the rebels expected. Clanrycard's protection and sub- 
mission. Sydney has dealt with him bitterly enough. A good 
President for Connaught. Necessity of taking Athlone Castle from 
Fyton. Proposed journeys. Money. 

7. Privy Council to the Lord Deputy. Yield him most hearty 
thanks in Her Majesty's behalf for his diligence and execution of 
justice in all places. Exculpate themselves of delays he had imputed 
to them. If Sydney had sent the warrants for Turlough Lynagh, 
Magennis, O'Hanlon, and others, they would have been perfected. 
The stay of the treasure occasioned by Gifford's death, who had it 
at the day limited. Revocation of grants to Malbie and Chatterton. 
The lavryers have conceived such opinion of the barbarism of 
Ireland that they will not go. Sydney to send some device how 
their entertainment may be increased. St. Malo. Captains' bills. 
Athlone. [Draft dated July 10. It is probable the despatch was 
dated July 13.] 

July 10 ? 8. Early draft of the above. 

July 10. 9. Lord Deputy to Burghley. To have a good 
Athlone. letters. Money and a particular of the munition, 
farm of the few things he has in lease. 

answer to his 
Desires a fee 

July 10. 

July 11. 


10. Lord Deputy Sydney to Walsyngham. For payment of 
money due to William Barnewall, Sheriff of Dublin. 

11. Chancellor Gerrarde to same. Deputy's success in suppressing 
the rebels. Chancellor in hand with the officers of every court, for 
trial out of the revenues every way due, and how answered. 

[July 11 ?] 12. Note to be tabled of the places where sessions are to be held 
from Aug. 24 to Oct. 4-. Dublin, Drogheda, Ardee, Philipstown, 
Kilkenny, Leighlin, Carlo w, Naas. [This appears to be a sketch of 
Gerrarde s first intended circuit, and ivas probably sent to Walsyng- 
ham with his notes of the Irish Judges mentioned in the letter to 
Burghley, Nov. 15.] 

July 13. 13. Privy Council to Lord Deputy. 
St. James's. anc j. Chatterton. 

Extract relative to Malbie 

[July 20.] 14. [Walsyngham?] to same. Has lately written by Catlin. 
Commends the bearer Mr. Prescot now ready to depart with the 
assignation for the last quarter. 

July 23. 15. Privy Council to same. Her Majesty's commendations and 
[Westminster, thanks for his careful and diligent service in Connaught. Captain 
Nicholas Malbie appointed to take charge of Connaught. The house 
of Athlone taken from Fyton. 

2. a 



July 29. 16. Lord Deputy to Walsyngliam. For payment of money to 
Limerick, the inhabitants of Cork. 

Aug. 6. 17. Orders taken by the Lord Deputy and Council. I. Between the 
Kilkenny. Earl of Ormond and Sir William O'Carroll for lands in Oraiond ; 

II. Between the Lady Giles Butler and O'Carroll for dower; 

III. That the Baron of Upper Ossory should forthwith deliver "the 
possession of Dorow to the Earl of Ormond. 

Aug. 15. 18. Lord Deputy to the Privy Council. Comforted Galway. 
Dublin Castle. Settled Drury in his presidency of Munster. 2,000 Scots have 
joined the Earl's sons and waste Connaught. Hearty thanks for 
the matters of Wales. 

Aug. 15. 

Aug. 20. 


Aug. 25. 



19. Same to Walsyngham. Wales. Ulster is in quiet. Leinster, 
Meath, and Munster universally obedient. Strange and Collier 
besieged in Loughrea Castle. A goshawk. 

20. Thomas Arthure and James Golde to the Lord Deputy. 
Have not entered on their commission for Thomond causes, because 
of the force assembling to repair to Mr. Strange. Two prisoners 
examined, declare that the Earl of Clanrycard might have appre- 
hended his sons at any time. [Copy, the orig. is in 1576/7, 
Mar. 17.] 

21. Baron of Lixnaw to [same]. Complains of grievous spoils 
and murders by the Earl of Desmond. 

22. Book of the state of the garrisons in Ireland, being 1,792 men 
at 21,655. 7s. 6|c?. per annum. 

Sept. 1. 


23. Baron of Lixnaw to the [Lord Deputy]. Desmond has taken 
his castle of Balywykaghayme, 2,400 kine, 200 capels, &c., murdered 
nine persons, burned a parish church, &c. 

24. Lord Deputy Sydney to the Privy Council. Desires the 
bearer George Thornton may have one of Her Majesty's ships to lie 

upon the Irish coast for safe conduct of treasure. 

25. Chancellor Gerrarde to Walsyngham, of the false rumours 
spread of him for discovering the disorders of the Court of the 
Marches of Wales. 

26. Francis Agarde to same. His charge of the Byrne's 
country. Deputy has gone against the Connaught rebels and Scots. 
No man of account in Clanricard has joined them. Ulick has in- 
vaded M 'William Eighter's country. His fidelity and spoil. Benefit 
of the Deputy's late journeys. Drury 's praise. Earl of Essex is 
preparing to go to England although very sore vexed with a flux. 
Sir Edward Fyton. Tremayne recommended for Vice-Treasurer of 

Sept. 14 27. Adam Loftus, Archbishop of Dublin, to same. Earl of Essex's 
Tailagh. ijf e desperate. Prays for an English bishoprick after 16 years' 

Sept. 4. 


Sept. 10. 


Sept. 11. 




1576. ' LVL 

Sept. 17. 28. President Drury to Burghley. Thanks concerning Chit wood's 
matter. The state of Ireland referred to the bearer. 


Sept. 19. 


Sept. 19. 

29. Chancellor Gerrarde to Walsyngham. Earl of Essex's disease 
described. Deputy in camp in the plain of Connaught. Preys and 
stealths in the Pale. 

30. Sir L. Dillon to same. Journeys of the Lord Deputy 
in Connaught and Munster. Proceedings of the Scots and rebels. 
M'William Eighter. Strange slew 60 Scots and traitors. Conference 
in the Lord Deputy's chamber between the Deputy, Ormond, Nicholas 
White, and Sir Lucas Dillon. Ormond well satisfied. 

Sept. 20. 31. Lord Deputy to the Privy Council. Thanks for the good 
Galway. acceptation of his service against the rebels. Those who cried out of 
the continual extortions and violence of the Burkes are now tender 
hearted and loth to discover them. M'William Eighter the only 
man of power that hath showed himself loyal. O'Conor Sligo, 
O'Rourke. Thanks for Malbie's appointment, an apt instrument to 
frame the rude barbarous people of the province. 

Sept. 20. 32. Same to Burghley. Good confidence to find a profit- 
Galway. a bl e issue of these troubles. Credit to Philip Sydney. To have 
consideration of Knevet and Molyneux. Fee farm of his leases. To 
expedite James Prescot with the treasure. 

Sept. 20. 33. Same to Walsyngham. The Archbishop of Dublin. A suf- 
Galway. ficient honest man to succeed him. 

Sept. 20. 34. Nicholas Malbye to the Queen. The Earl of Clanrycard is 
Athenry. the only procurer of his sons' unnatural rebellion. It is requisite to 
root out their race. If the people may be assured of the Earl's stay 
from them they will readily employ their forces to suppress the rebels, 
which they dare not do if the Earl be left to take his revenge, which 
they have already bitterly experienced. 

[Sept. 22.] 35. [ ] to the Bishop of Meath. Elaborate 

description of the last illness and death of Walter, Earl of Essex. 
He was attacked with dysentery on Thursday, 30th August, and died 
on Saturday, 22nd September 1576. Between 11 and 12 o'clock of 
the forenoon he fell asleep as meekly as a lamb. [This very care- 
fully written account of the godly end of the Earl occupies 14 
pages, but is much mutilated.'] 

Sept. 30 ? 36. Note from the Counsel for the ward [i.e. Wyse's daughter], 
alleging that the Countess Dowager [of Sussex] refuseth utterly 
the trial by the common laws. 

Oct. 10, 37. Complaint made by Edmond Fitz Davie, Her Majesty's 
tenant in Kerry, to against Mortagh M'Edmund M'Shey 

and Murrough M'Edmund his brother, and 198 galloglas their 
followers, and against Patrick Fitzmaurice, son of the Baron of 
Lixnaw, and 15 of Desmond's horsemen. [Extract.] 

G 2 




Oct. 14. Lord Deputy and Council's warrant to Treasurer, to pay 

Dublin Castle. 4871. 10s. Irish to Thomas Sackford, for loss on the cess oats for 

one year ending at Michaelmas 1576. [Two copies. 1576, Oct. 26.] 

Oct. 18. 38. Bond of 500L entered into by James Barry More Viscount 
Buttevant, Viscount Roche and Fermoy, and others to aid and assist 
the suit for discharge of cess. [Copy.] 

Oct. 22. 39. Auditor Jenyson to Burghley. Desires the captains' bills 
Dublin Castle, remaining in the hands of the tellers in England, may be given to 
Mr. Petre. 

Oct. 25. 40. Mabell, Countess of Kildare, to the Earl of Kildare. 
Bathangan. Longs for nothing so much, in this world, as to enjoy his sight 
and company. His most serviceable servants detestably mur- 
dered. His lands decayed 500Z. by the year. If she should depart 
the country, all would run to wreck. Calough Roe M'Tegh mur- 
dered by Conor M'Cormac O'Conor. Calough Roe M'Felim Boy 
murdered by Brian M'Rory O'Conor. 

[Oct. 25.] 41. Note exhibited by the Earl of Kildare, abstracted from his 
wife's letter, containing the spoil of his lands, viz. : Coshmey, 
Gesseill, Farnenokelley, Kilka, Rathangan, Forties ter, and Melagh, 
500. per annum. Murder of Calough Roe M'Teig, Calough Roe 
M'Felim Boy, and another aged 80, his tenants. [See 1576/7, Jan.] 

Oct. 26. 42. Warrant from the Lord Deputy and Council to Treasurer 
Dublin Castle. Fyton to pay 902Z. 17s. 8d. st. to Thomas Sackford, as Her Majesty's 
loss on the victualling for one year ended 30 Sept. 1576. [Copy, 
with subsequent notes in Chancellor Gerrarde's hand. It is likely 
that these and the similar documents in 1577 were brought over by 
him and Whitton in October of that year to argue the matter of the 

Oct. 26. 43. Copy of the above. 

[Oct.] 44. Note of the charges of such things as do pass the Great Seal 

in Ireland as well for Her Majesty as the Officers of Chancery. 

[Oct.] 45. Names and connexions of the justices, lawyers, and officers 

of Ireland, with an addition as to certain Lords. 

[Oct.] 46. Individual and particular report of the characters and biases 
of the several judges and lawyers of Ireland. 

Nov. 14. 47. Lord Deputy to the Privy Council. The diligence and care 
Dublin Castle. o f Sir William Fytzwylliam's men to answer the countries of the 
English' Pale for cess. The cause that this business took not effect 
was partly the troubles in Connaught but chiefly the forwardness 
of the county of Wexford. They have license to return to England 
till the spring. 

Nov. 15. 48. Memorial delivered to James Prescot, gent., to declare to the 
Lord Deputy Sydney. It was looked for that he should spare part 
of the ordinary allowance this year. His enemies disgrace his 




Nov. 15. 


Nov. 16. 


Nov. 24. 


Nov. 26. 

Nov. 28. 


Nov. 30. 


Oct. & Nov. 

Cork and 

Oct. & Nov. 

Cork and 


service, and do not consider the unlocked for troubles. It is neces- 
sary that there should be some perfect friendship between Sydney 
and the Earl of Ormond. Extreme impositions upon the English 

49. Lord Chancellor Gerrarde to Burghley. Spoils and disorders 
on the borders of the Pale but no apprehension of any offender. 
The Irish Courts but shadows, the justices rather overleapt as 
scarecrows than reverenced as magistrates. " Notes at large " sent to 
Walsyngham. Arrearages of the revenue. An English attorney 
and an English justice to be sent. Itinerant circuits to execute the 
idle. The matter between the Countess Dowager of Sussex and 
Sir Francis Knollys, the Queen's committee of the ward Wyse's 

50. John Fitz Edmondes, Seneschal of Iinokilly, to the Lord 

. The Earl of Desmond hath sent up coin and 
livery, 60 horses, and 100 horseboys, upon Iinokilly; and taken 
bonnaght beg and kernty. 

51. Sir William Drury, President of Munster, to Walsyngham. 
His province quiet. The common people more ready to embrace 
justice than the Lords. Has put 80 idle persons to execution. 
Has caused all the nobles, gentlemen, and others to book their men. 
Has apprehended Thomond's brother, Turlough O'Brien, for aiding 
Clanrycard's sons. Will place an English Sheriff in Thomond. 
Thanks for the 400 . to his cousin Aldersaye. 

Genealogical epitaph of Walter, Earl of Essex and Eue, Earl 
Marshal of Ireland, Viscount Hereford and Bowrchier, who died at 
Dublin, 21 Sept.,. aged 36, and was buried at Carmarthen, 26 Nov. 
1576. This genealogy traces up as high as Strongbow and his wife 
Eva, the daughter of Dermot M'Murrough, King of Leinster, and is 
accompanied by verses. [See the paper placed 1602, Mar. 25, about 
which time it is probable it was drawn up.] 

52. Answer made concerning cess and burdens which the people 
are not able to endure. 

53. Answer to a book delivered to by the 
Lord Chancellor of a course of victualling the soldiers three sundry 

54. Protection by the Earl of Desmond to the Baron of Lixnaw 
and freeholders of Clanmorris within Kerry on condition of their 
answering his Liberty Court of Kerry. 

55. Presentments before Sir William Drury, Lord President of 
Munster, and his associates, at the sessions holden at Cork and 
Clonmel, containing many particulars of the persons and customs in 
that province. 

56. Presentments as above. 



57. Petition of Nicholas Ley, a farmer in Kilkenny, to the Lord 
Chancellor. Complains that cess and corn were unlawfully taken 
of him in Nov. 1575 and Dec. 1576, for which he ought to have 

58. Teig McCarthy to Walsyngham. Suit for a lease of 41 years 
of the commandry of Mourne and to have back St. John's, portion 
thereof, or the rent that Skiddy pays for it. 

59. Note of the demands of the citizens of Dublin for 393?. 9s. 6d. 
Irish, owing to them by divers captains. 

60. Brief of the Garrison in Ireland, being men 1,431, exclusive 
of captains. 

61. Patent for Lodowick Bryskett to be Clerk of the Council and 
Keeper of the Signet in Ireland. [Latin draft. It would appear 
from page 29 of Lascelles, where he gives the Court of Chancery, 
that Bryskett was Clerk of the Council in 1577, April 11. Bryskett 
wishes to resign his office in 1581, Nov. 26, and speaks of long 

62. State of Ireland. Fermanagh written Fermonnock, mona- 
chorum portio. O'Can's office to confirm the election of the O'Neill 
by casting a shoe over his head. Amongst the men of name in 
Sligo there is mention of O'Hara without distinguishing whether 
Boy or Reagh. 

63. State of all the provinces of Ireland, giving an account of the 
towns and the principal inhabitants of every district. A genealogy 
of the O'Neill. The blazing of arms. 

64. Notes to be resolved, for Connaught. How the Colonel shall 
deal between O'Donnell and O'Conor Sligo. The house of Meelick 
should be re-edified, which the Colonel offers to do if he may have it 
in fee farm. 

65. Notes by Burghley touching the loss to the country by the 



Jan. 10. 1. Viscount Baltynglas and other Barons and Gentlemen to the 

Dublin. Queen. The complaint of intolerable burdens of cess not answered 
to their expectation by the Lord Deputy and Council. Send 
Barnaby Scurloke, Richard Nettervyll, and Henry Burnell to disclose 
their griefs to Her Majesty. Inclose, 

1. I. Petition of the inhabitants of the English Pale to the Lord 
Deputy and Council. Complain of the burden of cess. Desire 
license to send agents to seek redress in England. 




[Jan. 10.] 2, 3. Petitions of the inhabitants of the Pale to the Lord Deputy 
Sydney and Council. Of the same tenor with the above inclosure, 
but not verbatim. 

Jan. 11. 


Jan. 27. 


4. Viscount Baltynglas and others to the Privy Council, to give 
their favourable furtherance to their suit to the Queen against 


5. Lord Deputy to same. Prescot arrived with the treasure 
after long delay of wind. Takes the castle of Ibarrye. Settles 
M'William Eighter in his country. High waters of the Moy 
impede his journey into Sligo. Ulick Burke has fled to the 
mountains of Sleuarty to his brother Shane. Thanks for the ap- 
pointment of Sir Nicholas Malbie to be Colonel of Connaught. 
Clanry card's cause very foul. Thomond stubborn. Desmond will 
not be withdrawn from his wonted exactions. Wilful repining at 
cess. Cess explained. Proceedings thereon. Irish Lords promise 
rent. Commissioners settle the rent landlords shall take of their 
tenants instead of Irish exactions. Thomas Le Strange and Captaia 
William Collier commended, to receive thanks for service against 
2,000 Scots and Irish at Ballyloughrea. Desires a Commission to 
compound for arrearages. Commends Chancellor Gerrarde. An 
English justice and attorney to be sent. Incloses, 

5. i. Numbers of the garrisons; viz. men, ],529; wages per 
annum, 26,777?. 4s. 1\<L. Dec. 1. 

Jan. 27. 6. Abstract of the Lord Deputy's letter to the Privy Council. 

Jan. 28. 7. Auditor Thomas Jenyson to Walsyngham, to keep Overton and 
Dublin Castle. Barton from supplanting him in his office in Berwick. His in- 
tention to finish up the Irish accounts by midsummer. 

Jan. 30. 8. Lord of Upper Osso^ to same. Has successfully daunted 
Dublin. the pride of the Mores and Conors in killing and apprehending 
sundry of the chiefest- His entertainment too small. 

Jan. 31. 9. Lord Deputy to Burghley. Short harvest. Has bargained 
Dublin. with the bearer to bring 1,000 barrels of rye from Dantzic or Ham- 
burgh. Burghley to recommend him to some of the Eastland 

Jan. 10. Privy Council to the Lord Deputy, to countenance and assist 

Hampton Court, the Lady Kildare and the officers and servants of that Earl, that he 
may quietly enjoy his rents and revenues without waste. Inclose, 

10. i. Note of the losses and spoils of the Earl of Kildare' s lands 
in Ireland. Oct. 25. 

Feb. 3. 11. Lord Deputy to Walsyngham. If he were to write in re- 
Arfackan. commendation of a license to Mr. Hatton to transport yarn, he 

should be the first breaker of the statute he procured to be passed 

against such transportation. 




Feb. 3. 12. Warrant dormant from the Lord Deputy to the Clerk of the 
Termonfeighen. Check to take general musters four times every year. [Original.'] 

Feb. 4. 13. Lord Deputy S}'-dney to Walsyngham. Thanks for his notes 
Dundalk. and memorials by Prescot. Malbie and Waterhouse. Earl of 
Ormond's claim for prize wines resisted by the merchants of Dublin 
and Drogheda. Upper Ossory shall be made shire ground. His 
friendly usage of Ormond's servants. Bishop's court. Troubles of 
Connaught expensive. Hope of the Earl of Clanrycard's enlarge- 
ment to be cut off. Sydney has ever sought a peaceable government 
in all his plots. The complaints of the Pale more for clamour than 
any thing. Recommends Mr. Walshe to be Bishop of Ossory if 
Mr. Cleire be crossed. Mr Agarde's promise for walling of Wicklow. 
Sydney will abate presently 1,0002. Hercules Raynsford to have 
the constableship of Dublin Castle. Incloses, 

13. i. Rental of Munster and Connaught certified by Lancelot 
Alford, the Surveyor, with an estimate of the parts remaining still 

Feb. 7. 14. Chancellor Gerrarde to the Earl of Ormond. Details the pro- 
Dublin, ceedings between his Lordship and the Lord of Upper Ossory, and 
in his claim for the prize wines. To further Nicholas Walshe to be 
Bishop of Ossory. [ Walshe, in conjunction with Kearney, brought 
out the first specimen of Irish printing, and also began an Irish 
translation of the New Testament.] 

Feb. 8. 15. A. Loftus, Archbishop of Dublin, to Walsyngham. Her Ma- 
Tallaughe. jesty's offence by misinformation against him. Has written to the 
Lord Deputy for license, and will be in England in 14 days. 

Feb. 8. 16. Chancellor Gerrarde to same, Walsyngham's mislike of 
Dublin. Gerrarde's device for to detain the profits of the archbishoprick of 
Dublin for three years. Malicious bruit of the Earl of Essex's 
poisoning. Lord Deputy will present Her Majesty with the de- 
falcation of 4,0002. for this year to come. O'Conors burn towns in 
Offaly. Incloses his letter to the Earl of Ormond. The Court at 
* Trim like an English penfold for cattle. Jury indicted 100 for re- 
taining idle followers. Gerrarde will beautify the Judge and Court 
with more reverence this summer. W. Gerrarde, of Harrow, to have 
a license for transportation of yarn. Sickness of his household. 
Scott's good report. Nicholas Walshe, the Chancellor of St. Patricks, 
to be Bishop of Ossory. 

[Feb. 8.] 17. The manner of the indictments in the sessions holden in the 
counties within the realm of Ireland. Extortions of coin and 
livery, &c. 

18. Chancellor Gerrarde to Walsyngham. The whole Irishry must 
be subjected to the sword. The Deputy keeps 1,500 in garrison. The 
thefts even to Dublin gates accounted for. Device to banish all 
mountain meetings, and work hanging in place of agreeing, to re- 
compense felonies. The cess is a burden laid on the poor which 
breaketh all their backs. The country and the victuallers vary in 

Feb. 8. 





Feb. 8. 


Feb. 9. 



the weight of every beef. Gerrarde plays the butcher two several 
market days. Cruelty of landlords, their tenants only starved 
beggarly misers. Incloses, 

18. I. Petition of the inhabitants of the English Pale to the. Lord 
Deputy and Council. Complain of the burden of cess. Desire 
license to send agents to seek redress in England. 

18. ii. A particular note of the heavy burdens cessed upon Her 
Majesty's subjects for the Lord Deputy's house, and the victualling 
of the soldiers, with the prices. [Two copies.] 

18. in. Device how the soldier may be found without cess, and 
Her Majesty at no greater charge. Victuallers accused of hidden 

18. iv. The victualler's answer, containing four ways to victual, 
and every way the certain loss. With observations on the back. 

1 9. Chancellor Gerrarde to Walsyngham. Extract indorsed by 
Gerrarde himself. 

20. Notes of the charge set down by the informers for cesses laid 
upon the English Pale, with the loss estimated at 6,083?. 4s. 3d. 
Also the proportions as well cessed as received, with the true loss, 
being 3,403?. Os. ld 

21. Sum of the loss of the country by cess, supposed by the 
informers, compared with the true loss. 

22. Cess yearly taken up in the English Pale for provision of the 
Lord Deputy's household, with their several rates in the market, 
and the loss sustained by the low prices allowed, being 2,260?. 11s. 8d. 
Also certificate of like loss by victualling the army for the year last 
past 1576, being 4,339?. 13s. 9d. 

23. Copy of the above. 

24. Chancellor Gerrarde to Walsyngham. Complains that the war- 
rants by the Deputy and Council for leases, allowances, or gifts by 
concordatum are subscribed first by the Deputy and then by the 
Council when they are nothing acquainted with the matter. No one 
English or Irish opened his lips to Gerrarde with friendly advice 
concerning the State. Desires the set of ciphers. 

Feb. 10. 25. N. White, Master of the Rolls, to Burghley. Goes seldom to 
St. Catherine's, Council. Munster burdened with cess. Connaught in miserable 
state, both rebel and soldier spoil the poor. Lieutenants Nedsore 
and Smythe and many soldiers slain by the Earl of Clanrycard's 
sons. Malbie sick. Deputy has taken Harry the son of Shane 
O'Neill out of Dublin Castle to practise some conclusion with 
T. Lynagh by show of Harry to the Irish. Edward Moore charged 
by the Baron of Upper Ossory and Sir Harry Cowley with en- 
couraging the rebellion of the O'Conors. The Lord Chancellor busily 
occupied in weighing beef and baking bread. Validity of John 
White's title to the Dufferin. The young Earl of Essex. The 
Countess of Ormond is very sick. 



Feb. 12. 

Feb. 24. 



Mar. 1. 


Mar. 4. 

Mar. 6. 


26. Certificate from Auditor Jenyson that N. White the Master 
of the Kolls has had no allowance for supplying the Chancellor's 
room, from the death of Dr. Weston till Mr. Gerrarde's coming. 

27. Sir William Drury to Walsyngham. The cess impatiently 
borne, and likely to breed trouble. Cutting off of charges will further 
the intent of the evil sort. Mr. Agarde, the sheet anchor of sound 
dealing about the Lord Deputy, hath so far waded that he hath 
sometimes purchased disfavour. 

28. [Walsyngham] to the Lord Deputy. The Lords of the 
Council marvel that they hear nothing touching the plot for refor- 
mation. Advertisements and accounts of the garrison required. 
Secret intelligence of foreign practice to disturb the quiet of Ireland 
by James Fitzmaurice and other ill members of both realms. 

29. Sir Lucas Dillon to Walsyngham. The Earl of Ormond takes 
offensively Dillon's account of his conference with the Deputy at 
Limerick. Sydney has not, for malice or corruption, perverted 

30. Note of the lease in reversion granted to Anthony Power, gent., 
of the site and demesnes of the late Abbey of Mellifont. [This note 
is later, but thefiant is 1576/7, March 4.] 

31. Petition of John FitzEdmund Barry to the Lord President of 
Munster for redress. The Viscount Barrymore has taken his corn, 
put a cross in his houses, and said to the tenants that whichsoever 
he should find in the town next day he would cut off his head, 
whereby they are all fled. 

Mar. 6. 32. Extortion taken up by the Lord Barrymore of the tenants 
and freeholders of the cantred of Erree Barrah [or Cree Barrah], 
witnessed by John Fitz Edmund and John of Leularn. 

May 7. 33. Sir Nicholas Malbie to Walsyngham. Has received Ulick and 
Dublin. Shane Burke on protection. Ulick declared that if ever his father 
have liberty, he would be bitter unto him that he ever came in to 
Her Majesty's obedience. If the Earl were cut off, all that country 
would be perfectly quiet. Walsyngham to ask Tafius, Treasurer to 
the Prince of Orange now at Court, for the pay due to Captain 
Acres for service in Holland. 

Mar. 9. 34. Lord Deputy to the Privy Council in favour of the petitions 
Dublin Castle, of the bearer Thomas Might, late General Victualler, whom casualty 
and not his own negligence or default hath utterly undone. 

Mar. 15. 35. Bill of stuffs and their prices supplied to the Earl of Clan- 
rycard, five pounds on account whereof paid to Nicholas Doff. 

Mar. 16. 36. Archbishop of Dublin to Walsyngham. Being advertised of 

Tallagh. Her Majesty's heavy displeasure conceived against him he had 

embarked for England ; being driven back he has learnt that the 

matter is not so heinous. He is utterly ignorant what the term and 



accusation of a Puritan means. Mr. Cartwright was his Chaplain 
about two years. He is heartily sorry he hath offended the State. JDe- 
sires a new Commission for causes ecclesiastical for his own diocese. 

Mar. 17. 37. Privy Council to Lord Deputy Sydney, in answer to his of 
27 January. The Queen's contentment with his wise proceedings 
in Connaught. Clanrycard. The plaintiffs for cess are to receive 
small comfort. Will further his desires in money matters. Com- 
positions with the Irishry liked of. Patentees to be paid out of 
arrearages. Wales. The Queen thanks Sir N. Malbie and others. 

Mar. 17. 38. Same to the Auditor and Surveyor of Ireland. Find fault 
that in the book of arrearages the debts due to Her Majesty have 
been and yet are continued from year to year. To send a book of 
the debtors and their opinions for recovery of the debts. 

Mar. 17. 39. Lord Deputy to the Privy Council. Turlough Lynagh delays 
Dublin. to meet the Deputy by the lewd counsel of his wife. Her design to 
make her younger sons by James M'Donnell stark, in Ireland. If 
Deputy would do one day's service upon the Scots to make them 
stoop, he would put away his wife. His large excess and daily 
surfeit. M'Mahon will yield 250 beeves yearly. Desires a Com- 
mission to compound with the Irishry. Munster. Earl of Desmond 
forward to bear cess. Sir John of Desmond committed for 
conference with Shane Burke. Hopes of foreign force by James 
Fitzmaurice. Will proceed with the Earl of Clanrycard according 
to law. Rory Oge O'More and Cormock M'Cormock O'Conor have 
burnt the Naas. " They ranne thorough the towne lyke hagges 
and furies of hell, with flakes of fier fastned on poles ends." Cess. 

39. i. Agreement between the Lord Deputy Sydney and Art 
M'Mahon ; viz. that he should hold all Iriel, except Ferney, in 
chief t by the service and rising out of 12 horsemen and 24 kerne, 
and to pay yearly 250 beeves, and send a labourer for four days 
in the year out of every house. A like book to be made for Magennis 
or any other in Ulster whose countries are given to the Queen by 
the Act of XI. Eliz. 

39. n. Mayor, &c. of Galway to the Lord Deputy. Earl of Clan- 
rycard's sudden departure from Galway, saying his daughter, 
Mary Burke, was on the point of death. Athenry. The house of 
Clare taken by the Earl's sons. June 23, Saturday, Galway 

39. in. John Frenry to same. On Saturday, about 1 o'clock 
after noon, the Earl of Clanry card's two sons came to Anry, and 
took the whole prey. Clanrycard and his Countess. They have killed 
the Sheriff's men. Power of Scots ready to join. Deputy to send 
aid. June 23, Galway. 

39. iv. Earl of Clanrycard to Robert Damport, the Provost 
Marshal. Desires him to come to see him at Owran this afternoon, 
and be a means to show his mind to the Lord Deputy ; undertakes 
for his company's safety to Athlone. June 24, Kilkornain 



39. v. Earl of Clanrycard to the Lord Deputy. Ashamed to ivrite 
the sudden coming of his sons. Counsel to them at M ( Coghlan's. 
Will stay his sons from doing any hurt till he hears Deputy's mind. 

June 28, Dunkellyne. 

39. vi. Same to the Lord of Upper Ossory. He conferred with 
his sons at the water side. He is scarce able to excuse himself for 
their coming. The 6,000. imposed for Athenry disliked. Prays 
him to write to the Lord Deputy for a protection for him. His 
sons are willing to give half their goods, moveable and immoveable, 
corn and horn. June 28, Clundagawe. 

39. vn. Earl of Ormond to the Lord Deputy. Tenants he sent 
for restitution (upon receipt of Deputy's letter) to the Lord of Upper 
Ossory, have returned ivithout any. Prays the castle of Doro may 
be delivered to him. Clanrycard. June 29, Carrick. Incloses, 

39. vin. Earl of Clanrycard to the Earl of Ormond. Has 
business to confer with him. Would be glad to meet him at the 
water side. June 23, Loughrea. 

39. ix. Dominick Browne, Mayor of Galway, to Lord Deputy 
Sydney. The west and north will take part in the rebellion of 
Connaught. Scarcity of grain. Pray license to obtain some from 
the rebels. June 30, Galway. Incloses, 

39. x. Earl of Clanrycard to the Mayor of Galway and his bre- 
thren. Has conferred with his sons, touching their mind. They are 
luilling to do no harm. The Mayor to ivrite to the Deputy to accept 
his sons' offers. Orig. June 30, Loughrea. 

39. xi. Same to same. Copy. June 30, Loughrea. 

39. xn. Earl of Ormond to the Lord Deputy, to direct him how 
to deal with the Earl of Clanrycard's letters, or he will receive no 
more. July 1, Kilkenny. Incloses, 

39. xni. Earl of Clanrycard to the Earl of Ormond. The order 
of 6,000?. for Athenry too heavy. Desires to wait upon the Deputy. 
Needs a protection, being bound in 2,OOOZ. for his sons. Cannot 
make half 1,000. in money. Ormond to be mindful of this, to 
witness to the Council in England. June 28, Clondagawe. 

39. xiv. Earl of Ormond to the Earl of Clanrycard. Sorry he 
stands in doubtful terms. Not to let a foolish affection to his 
children make his friends enemies. July 1, Kilkenny. 

39. XV. Earl of Clanrycard to the Mayor of Galway. To send 
Nicholas and Dominick Lynche, that they may be sent to the Deputy 
to induce him to a reconciliation. Latin. July 2. 

39. xvi. Same to the Lord Deputy. Marvels he did not send 
for him. ^Nor send a protection. Will deliver up his castles 
and lordships to Deputy to save the Queen's charges. July 2. 


W77. V01 " LVIL 

39. xvn. Rowland, Bishop of Clonfert, to the Lord Deputy. Has 
spoken with the Earl. He could do no better than he has written. 
Desires peace. Latin. July 2, Loughrea. 

39. xvin. Protection for the Earl of Clanrycard to come to the 
Lord Deputy. July 3, Castle of Athlone. 

39. xix. Lord Deputy to the Earl of Clanrycard. Sends the 
Baron Louth, Tho. Le Strange, Captain Harrington, and Captain 
Collier, as Commissioners to receive his Castle of Ballyloughrea, 
and deliver him his protection. July 3, Athlone. 

39. xx. W. Whyte to the Earl of Clanrycard. He was yesterday 
in a readiness to be despatched, when news came to the Court that 
Ulick and John had broken loose, and burned the country. Earl 
of Bedford professeth great friendship for Clanrycard. Hawks to 
be sent for Sussex, Bedford, Hatton, and Walsyngham. Requisite 
at this Court to be well friended. July 9, London. 

39. xxi. Copy of the above, apparently by the Earl of Clanrycard. 

July 9, London. 

39. xxii. Examination and sayings of Richard Earl of Clan- 
rycard before the Lord Deputy and Council. Aug. 16. 

39. xxin. Thomas Arthure and James Golde to Lord Deputy. 
Have not entered on their commission for Thomond causes, because 
of the force assembling to repair to Mr. Strange. Two prisoners 
examined, declare that the Earl of Clanrycard might have appre- 
hended his sons at any time. Aug. 20, Limerick. 

39. xxiv. Examination of Richard Oge Burke, son to Richard 
Burke M'Seane en Taremone, before Sir Nicholas Malbie, Colonel 
and Chief Commissioner of Connaught, as to the origin of the Earl 
of Clanrycard's rebellion, with repetition, and confronting one 
Cahil Ochonchanon before the Lord Chancellor. Earl of Ormond 
and his brethren consent to the rebellion. Earl of Clanrycard sent 
to deponent to toing in 10,000 Scots, if possible. 

Jan. 27, and March 6. 

39. xxv. Examination of Cahil O'Concanon, of Moylagh, in 
the county of Galway, late messenger to the Earl of Clanrycard. 
Reports his message from the Earl to Richard Oge M ( Richard 
M' Shane en Tarmon, to bring the Scots into Connaught. 

Jan. 30. 

39. xxvi. Examination of Richard M'Jonyn, of Tobberkewgh, 
in the county of Galway, before Sir N. Malbie. When taken 
prisoner, the Earl of Clanrycard offered him his liberty if he 
would join with his sons. Consultation in Clanrycard's presence 
for burning Athenry. Bringing in and paying of Scots. Earl of 
Ormond to procure the pardon of Clanrycard and his sons. 

Feb. 8, Athenry. 

39. xxvu. Avouchment by Richard Oge, Walter Burke, and 
Cahil O'Canconen, of their examinations, being confronted with 
tJie Earl of Clanrycard in the presence of the Council. Mar. 6. 





39. xxvin. Examination of Walter Burke, relative to a letter 
from the Earl of Clanrycard to Richard Oge. Mar. 6, Dublin. 

39. xxix. Second examination of Cahil O'Canconan. Relates his 
message sent privately from the Earl of Clanrycard to Turlough 
Lynagh, O'Donnell, and Richard Oge. Letters in Irish written by 
Fynnen Boy M'Moeltroly. Mar. 6, Dublin. 

39. xxx. Declaration of Richard M'Jonyne. His intention of 
showing himself to the Deputy, having sent the heads of three or 
four Irish rebels to Qalway. Taken prisoner by Clanrycard' s men, 
and compelled to serve in the rebellion. Mar. 8. 

39. xxxi. Examination of Richard M' Jones be/ore the Lord 
Chancellor. The Earl knew of his sons' coming. Examinate was 
taken by the Earl's own men. The Earl put Owne M'Swyne into 
Loughrea, to defend that castle against the Queen. [Third exami- 

39. xxxn. Examination of the Earl of Clanrycard. Three caskets 
of money and jewels committed to the custody of a foster brother. 

Mar. 9. 

39. xxxin. Examination of Fynyne Boy M'Moeltroly, Secretary 
for the Irish tongue to the Earl of Clanrycard. Denies having 
written Irish letters. The caskets of gold and money delivered to 
Thomas M'Shane, the Earl's foster brother, taken and divided by 
the Earl's sons. Mar. 11. 

39. xxxiv. Examination of the Earl of Clanrycard, denying 
everything. Mar. 14. 

39. xxxv. Abbreviate of the examinations, &c. relative to the 
Earl of Clanrycard. 

40. Sir Nicholas Malbie to Walsyngliam. Meeting with Clanry- 
card's sons. They seemed penitent for their revolt. Forces O'Conor 
Roe to yield. He has put in his pledge and is set at liberty. Seven 
years fair speeches had done nothing with him. John Burke in 
time of truce attacks Malbie's horsemen in the night, slaying many 
and taking prisoners. Malbie enters their mountains at Christmas 
and wastes the country for 21 days. Receives Ulick and John 
Burke. Has brought the Earl's principal ministers who have 
vouched their confessions before his face. Reduction of the Queen's 
charges. Cess. Incloses, 

40. i. John de Bur go, the Earl of Clanry card's son, to Sir 
Nicholas Malbie, Colonel and Chief Commissioner of Connaught. 
Will keep the peace during the time of his protection. Is sorry 
that he has displeased him. Prays for his friendship hereafter 
and protection for six months more. Feb. 18. 

March 20. 41. Lord Deputy to Walsyngham. Cannot further Mr. Harvey. 
Dublin Castle. Scurlock, Nettervyll and Burnell will proceed to England to complain 

of cess. The Lord Chancellor hath mightily done in the confutation 

of them, 

March 17. 




March 20. 



42. President of Munster Sir W. Drury to the Queen. Was 
placed in his presidency in July. Holds sessions and executes many 
in divers places. Time spent in tampering between landlord and 
tenant. Obstacles against Munster bearing its own charges. Henry 
Davells, William Apsley, and Thomas Burgate commended. Where 
tithes are under any lord pertaining to a dissolved house sooner 
than let Her Majesty's farmer enjoy them he will cause the lands to 
lie waste. A commission to compound for arrearages. Drury 
re-edifies Limerick Castle. 

43. Earl of Desmond to Burghley. The intolerable burden the 
subjects bear doth so alienate their hearts that Desmond fears great 
inconvenience will ensue. Their doleful exclamations. Abuse of the 
soldier taking meat of one and money of another. 

44. Same to the Earl of Leicester, of the like tenor. 

March 20. 

March 20. 

March 20. 45. Second examination of the Earl of Clanrycard before the Lord 
Chancellor relative to a messenger from Connaught. The taking of 
Richard Boy M 'John's son prisoner. 

46. Examination of the same as to his suit to his son Ulick for the 
enlargement of Richard the son of Theobald Boy. 

47. Examination of the same, relative to his communication with 
Damport on 24th June 1576. 

48. Lord Deputy to the Earl of Leicester. Mr. Harvy. Three 
going to complain, among whom Nettervyle, sometime Leicester's 
man, is as errant and seditious a villain as any. Lord Gormanstown's 
friendly usage of Deputy. Joy at the honourable match of Leicester's 
niece. The Queen to allow severity to be used with Clanrycard. 

49. Lord Chancellor Gerrade to Walsyngham. The argument on 
cess. Before the soldier was placed in the English Pale, they paid 
yearly a black rent to the Irishry. Gerrarde sometimes thinks it 
needful that he write as though the same should be his last letters. 
He will soon die if he have not, help of English lawyers. Relates 
his duties. Earl of Clanrycard himself procured his sons to rebel. 
He took a castle from the Queen and a good servitor prisoner with- 
out their knowledge. Gerrarde trusts Her Highness will allow that 
he receive as he hath deserved. Gerrade examined certain jurors 
worse than the mean costermongers of London. Intends to establish 
justices of English nation to travel in circuit. Incloses, 

49. i. Copy of an Act of Parliament, containing the prices 
at which corn, beef, and other victuals were sold. Norman French. 

49. u. Transcript of an Act made 22 Henry VI., mentioning 
charges and impositions from which it freed Holy Church. French. 

49. in. Causes that moved the Chancellor to send said copies. 
March 22. 50. Modern transcripts of above Acts. 

March 20. 
March 21. 

March 22. 
Dublin Castle. 

March 22. 





[March 22.] 51. Memorandum of the Rolls of Parliament of Henry VI. and 
Edward IV., showing the existence and nature of cess. 

March 22. 52. Mr. Agarde to Mr. Tremayiie. Mrs. Agarde's lingering sick- 
ness. The Pale complains of cess. They say nothing ought they to 
pay, nor nothing would they willingly pay. Justice to be uprightly 
ministered to the Earl of Clanrycard without mixture of mercy. 

52. i. Bill of indictment against the whole Government of Ire- 
land, presented by a jury to the Chief Justice sitting in Court. 

Jan. 29. 

[March 22.] 53. Examination of Robert Damport relative to his conference 
with the Earl of Clanrycard the^54th June 1576. Would not allow 
that his sons should be apprehended. 

March 22. 54. Affirmations, confessions, and denials between Damport and 
the Earl of Clanrycard. 


April 13. 

April 14. 


April 15. 

1. President Drury to Burghley. Trusts that his nephew has by 
this time declared to his Lordship the state of things in his province. 

Feb. 19. 
The intelligence from France 

1. I. Advertisements out of France. 

2. President Drury to Walsyngham. 
is worthy of consideration. Incloses, 

2. I. Intelligence. The French King is at Blois, where he will 
remain for four months, pacifying the troubles. James Fitz- 
maurice has gone to the Pope, to get his benediction and aid ; after 
Ms return he ivill, with a host of French soldiers under M. de la 
Roche, M. Daukin, and his brother, invade Munster. James will 
visit the Idngs of Spain and Portugal, who will give him of their 
treasures. David Wolf will be sent to the Indies. The spiritual 
benejices of Munster are all granted by the Pope to James's mien. 
Letters brought from Wexford to James. Two priests from Rome 
with letters from James will sail presently for Wexford. Plot for 
the Turk to invade Germany ; the French King to persecute the 
French Protestants, and James Fitzmaurice to invade Ireland 
simultaneously. Feb. 19. 

3. Walsyngham to the Queen. Special report concerning cess. 
The delegates from the English Pale to be heard and imprisoned. 
Her Majesty afterwards to consider the reformation of Ireland, and 
to call over the nobility, &c., to consult. 


1577. VOL - LVITL 

April 24. 4. President Drury to the Privy Council. Has apprehended Sir 
Waterford. John of Desmond upon good ground. The Earl withdraws into 
Kerry and will estrange himself from the Deputy and Drury. Sir 
James of Desmond reconciled to the Earl and takes meat in Dowalla 
with a large force. General impatience against English government. 
The Lord Barry and M'Carthy Reagh have compounded to yield 
rent in lieu of cess. Donnell Oge M'Sweeny and two others 
executed. Incloses, 

4. i. Reasons to have a galley upon the western coast of Ireland. 

Apr. 24. 

April. 5. President Drury to Walsyngham. Has burnt Walsyngham's 

letter of 10th February. The cipher. It is said in Ireland that 
sparing of Her Majesty's purse is the only mark aimed at. Thinks to 
increase the revenue 1 ,OOOL yearly. The assembly of these young 
men of the Geraldines will breed great trouble. The Earl of 
Ormond to be returned with good terms. The arch-traitor will be 
welcomed by numbers he hath burned and spoiled. Drury is grieved 
at the refusal of 500Z. loan. Drury will send his wife and children 
into England and sell his own life as dear as he can. Incloses, 

5. i. Ciphers of names to be added to the cipher sent from 

5. ii. Intelligences from France. James Fitzmaurice has been 
entertained at Rome. He has letters in special to the Spanish and 
French Kings. He is sure of 1,200 French, under De la Roche, 
and six tall ships. Spain and Portugal will assist him with men 
and money. Earl of Thomond repents he condescended to the 
Queen's mercy. Thomond 's son wishes himself out of England. 
The King of Navarre has submitted to the French King. The 
Prince de Conde in camp, with 20,000 against the French King. 

April 16, Waterford. 

6. Copy of the foregoing inclosure of 1577, April 16, probably 
that mentioned as sent to Drury's nephew. 

April. 7. Covenants between President Drury and Owen M'Carthy, alias 

M'Carthy Reagh, for payment of a rent of 2501. per annum for two 
years, and to be discharged of cess. 

April. 8. Supplication of Barnaby Scurlock, Richard Nettervyll, and 

Henry Burnell, the agents sent from the English Pale to Queen 
Elizabeth for redress of the grievances of the cess. 

May 5. 9. President Drury to Walsyngham. Desmond has given the 
Cork. castle called Porttrenawd, the Fort of the three enemies, to his 
brother Sir James of Desmond. Desmond has sent letters inveighing 
against cess for the Earl of Ormond to approve and deliver at Court 
or to keep back. News from Spain of 50 sail, three " armathoes," 
and three shallops, prepared to come to the West cf Munster, with 
store of powder and weapon. 

2. H 



May 8. 


May 10. 


May 10. 


May 11. 

May 12. 


May 13. 


May 13. 


May 13, 


May 14 


1 0. Lord Deputy Sydney to the Lord Chancellor Gerrard. Sends: 
a copy of the complaint exhibited to Her Majesty against cess. 
Gerrard to call the Council together and set down in articles the 
manner in which the country had been used from the time the ces& 
was last set down till the departure of the delegates. 

11. Articles showing the manner of the proceedings of the Lord 
Deputy and Council, and how the country had been used from the 
time the cess was last set down till the departure of the delegates^ 
Subscribed by the Lord Chancellor and Council. 

12. Minute of the above articles partly in Gerrarde's hand. [It is- 
probable that the Chancellor and Whitton brought these papers over- 
as well as the letter of May 8, in September or October 1577.] 

13. Lord Deputy Sydney to Secretary Walsyngham. Explains, 
the difference between Mr. Edward Moore and his son. 

14. Examinations of Edmund M'Gawran, John Wise, Walter 
White, George Quemerford, Thomas Wise, Dorothy Walshe, and: 
Peter Trarnlye, relative to the proceedings of James Fitzmauricer 
and his wife. 4,000 Frenchmen destined for Ireland. 

15. Privy Council to the Lord Deputy, concerning the complaints 
of the Earl of Desmond, &c. against cess. The President of 
Munster to examine straightly into the charges brought against the- 

16. Hugh Bradie, Bishop of Meath, to Lord Deputy Sydney- 
Masses openly said. Two friars lately apprehended at the Navan were 
rescued by the Portreeve of the town. Many of the treacherous clergy- 
going to the meeting at Armagh. [Orig.] 

17. Privy Council to Sir W. Drury, the President of Munstei,. 
to examine the disorders committed by the soldiers under his charge,, 
complained of by the Earl of Desmond. 

18. Early draft of the above. 

19. Privy Council to the Earl of Desmond, in answer to his letter 
of March 20. Find it strange that he did not complain of the 
disorders to the President of Munster, or the Lord Deputy, in the 
first instance. Have written to them to see redress. 

20. The Queen to the Lord Deputy and Council. Scurloke y 
Nettervyll, and Burnell, who have come with letters and supplications 
from the English Pole without Deputy's direction, have been im- 
prisoned for maintaining that cess was contrary to the law and 
ancient customs of Ireland. Deputy to commit to ward the chief 
authors of the combination who shall stand to avow the same. To- 
discharge her learned counsel who forbore to maintain her pre- 
rogative. To redress abuses in levying the cess. 



May 14. 


[May 14?] 
May [14]. 


21. Privy Council to the Lord Deputy. Called before them the 
Earls of Kildare and Ormond, Viscount Gormanstown, and Lord 
Dunsany, who misliked of the unadvised proceeding of Scurloke and 
the rest who are committed to the Fleet. Some means to be thought 
of to ease the burden of cess. 

22. Memoranda for a letter to the Lord Deputy concerning the 
complaints as to cess. 

23. Questions to be resolved by B. Scurloke, R. Nettervyll, and 
H. Burnell sent from the English Pale to seek redress for the burden 
of the cess. 

May [14]. 24. Answers by Scurloke, Nettervyll, and Burnell to the above 
questions concerning the imposing of cess. 

May 15. 25. Lord Deputy to the Privy Council. Holds sessions at 
Kilmainham. Wexford. President of Munster complains of the disorder of the 
citizens of Waterford in assaulting the Queen's household, where the 
Lady of Thame (his wife), children, and some of his family lay, The 
Lord Barry compounded to pay rent. McCarthy Reagh. John of 
Desmond. Byrnes and Tooles' country well manured. Mr. Agarde 
to have a letter of thanks. The rebels, the O'More's and O'Conors 
brought low. The adherents of James Fitzmaurice. Forced to 
continue the garrison doubting invasion by James Fitzmaurice. A 
mass of money and munition wanted. 1 ,000 men to be levied in the 
presidency of Wales. Shipping. The informers, Scurloke, &c. 

May 18. 26. R. Nettervyll to the Lord of Howth. His message to the 
[Fleet ?] Privy Council not evil thought of although the bearers are imprisoned. 
Desires that the Lords and Gentlemen will not surfer them to want, 
they have spent 260. 

27. Book of the garrison of Ireland being men, 1,602 ; money, 
25,437. 5s. 3d per annum. 

May 18. 

28. Note of the whole garrison of Ireland, being in number 1,602. 

May 20. 29. Lord Deputy Sydney to the Queen. The complaint against 
Kilmainham. cess. The rich plentiful condition of the Pale. Nettervyll the 
cause that Sydney has not by this time assured to Her Majesty 
10,000 marks yearly of increased revenue. Need of a standing army 
in Ireland. Though nobody come to take Ireland it will be given 
from Her Majesty's crown for ever. James Fitzmaurice's pre- 
parations. Sydney desires 2,000 footmen, a mass of powder, 20,OOOL 
and three ships to oppose him. Calais, the jewel of England, lost 
for lack of ready force. 

30. Same to same. [Copy.] 

May 20. 31. Lord Chancellor Gerrarde to Burghley. The country of 

Dublin. Wexford wasted by the contentions between the Seneschal and the 

Kavanaghs. Byrnes' country well tilled and stored with cattle by 

fl 2 




May 20. 



Mr. Agarde's policy. Examinations of the Earl of Clanrycard, Sir 
John of Desmond, and Viscount Mountgarret. Gerrarde is in hand 
with laws to pass next Parliament to authorize justices to take their 
circuits for reformation of the State. Revenue concealed. 

32. Treasurer Fyton to Walsyngham. Edward Waterhous and 
William Stubbes. Fyton does not intend to use his license to come 
to England, on account of the expected invasion and intended 

May 20. 33. Francis Agarde to [same]. His wile's extreme sickness pre- 
G range Gorman, vents his repair over to declare his opinion for the government of 
Ireland. Honest English officers must be sent to reform the 
revenue. Composition for cess. Justice upon the Earl of Clan- 
rycard. Extortions and ravine of Scots and mercenary hell-hounds 
kept by rebel lords amount to more than double the composition for 
cess. The laying aside this contribution will not win the hearts of 
the disloyal and little persuade the disobedient. 

34. President Drury to same. To further the payment of 275?. 
to the city of Cork, which is partly to be laid out in munition for 
defence against dangerous enemies. 

35. Sir Nicholas Malbie to the Privy Council. To be a means 
that he may have two terms of payment of the 3007. he owes to 
Calvetti and Baptista de Sembitores. To be a means he may 
have payment for cess oats due to him by Her Majesty or Sir 
W. Fytzwylliam. 

36. Lord Deputy Sydney to the Privy Council. Sir N. Malbie's 
debt to the Spanish merchants to be stalled. Also to be paid for 
his cess oats. Incloses, 

3G. I. Sir N. Malbie to the Lord Deputy, touching his debt. 

May 12, Athlone. 

36. II. Auditor's certificate to same, concerning cess oats. 
May 26. 37. Sir N. Malbie to Walsyngham. Justice of his claim for the 

Dublin. cess 

May 22. 


May 23. 


May 25. 

38. The causes of Sir Nicholas Malbie's hindrances whereby he 
is grown to be behind hand and indebted. 

39. Notes as to the cess oats whereof Sir Wm. Fytzwylliam seeks 
to abridge Malbie. 

May 31. 40. Proportion of powder, artillery, and munition of the value, 
including carriage, of 8,490?. 18s. 8d. appointed by the Privy Council 
to be sent into Ireland. 

[May 31.] 41. Proportion of munition for 2,000 men for Ireland. 





42. Submission of Barnaby Scurloke, Richard Nettervyll, and 
Henry Burnell to the Privy Council, and petition to be discharged. 

June 1. 43. Walsyngham to Burghley, concerning 2,000 soldiers for Ireland 
The Court. anc l victual. Incloses, 

43. i. Plot for 2,000 men to be sent into Ireland, with the places 
appointed for their shipping, and the fittest landing places in 

June 6. 44. Privy Council to Burghley, as to the numbers and places of 
Greenwich, embarcation for 2,000 men, to be put in readiness for the service of 

June 7. 45. Mr. Solicitor General Bromley to WaLsyngham. Has ex- 
The Temple, amined Scurloke in the Fleet concerning his threat to indict Garret 
Wesley, Sheriff of Meath. Incloses, 

45. I. Answer of Barnaby Scurloke, denying that he threatened 
G. Wesley for levying cess ; and explanation of the ground of the 
charge. June 6. 

June 9. 46. Sir W. Drury to Burghley. The bearer, Coleman, will report 
Limerick, the state of Ireland. High time the wants were supplied. 

[June 17.] 47. Petition of John Calveta and John Baptist Sarnbitores to the 
Privy Council. To take some direct order for payment of 3QO. 
owing to them by Sir N. Malbie. 

June 17. 48. Order by the Privy Council for payment to be made of the 
above at two payments, one at Christmas next and the other the 
Christinas following. 

June 20. 49. Lord Deputy and Council to the Queen. Have received her 

Dublin. letters of 14 May, of the grave proceedings with Scurloke, Nettervyll, 

and Burnell. Reasons that they proceeded not with severity against 

the withstanders of cess. Obstinacy and committal of them all. 

Some have submitted. 

June 20. 50. Lord Deputy to Walsyngham. Defends his proceedings. 

Kilmainham. Likelihood of the country to join an invader. The so called 
intolerable cess amounting to well nigh 91. per acre, he would discharge 
for twopence per acre. Behaviour of the soldier. Letters of thanks 
to be procured to the Bishop of Meath, Sir Lucas Dillon, and the 
Dean of Christchurch, for their faithful counsel concerning cess. 
Payment of 3,000. Nicholas White is the worst of Irishmen. 

June [20?] 51. Submission by the Lord Deputy offered to the Lords, c. of 
the Pale to be subscribed, acknowledging their error in withstanding 
cess. With certain names subscribed, \0rig. probably brought 
over by Gerrarde.'} 

June [20 ?] 52. Submission, &:c. [Copy probably inclosed to the Privy Council 
as mentioned in Deputy's letter to the Queen.] 


1577. V.L.LVIIL 

June 20 ? 53. Submission of the Lords and Gentlemen lately committed to 
Dublin Castle, to the Lord Deputy and Council. Desire their 
means to the Queen for enlargement of their messengers in England 
and to take order for their discharge. [Not signed.] 

June 20? 54. Submission of the Lords and Gentlemen to the Lord Deputy 
and Council. [The following vera copia is not identical with this.] 

June 20 ? 55. Submission of the Lords and Gentlemen to the Lord Deputy 
and Council in as ample manner as their messengers in England 
have submitted. [ Vera copia, but with all the original signatures 
as in the preceding, except three.] 

June 20? 56. Examination of P. Lord of Trimletston, Rowland Viscount 
Baltynglas, Sir William Sarsfield, Sir Oliver Plunket, Patrick 
Nangle Baron of Navan, Christopher Fleminge, Richard Missett, 
Lavalen Nugent, and Edward Plunket. Imperfect, the former part, 
with the Baron Delvyn's examination, being incomplete. 

June 21. 57. Edw. Waterhous to Burghley. The money due by the collec- 
Bristol. tors paid before his coming. Will take it up of the merchants. 
Shipping for transportation staid. 

Mar 31, and 58. State of the Queen's debt to the garrison in Ireland at those 
June 30. dates. 

July 1. 59. Examinations of John Nettervyll, William Talbott of Malahide, 
Dublin Castle. Lord Trimletston, Patrick Bernringham, Sir Christopher Chevers, 
Baron Delvyn, James Nugent, Viscount Baltynglas, Edward Plunket, 
Lavalen Nugent, and the Lord of Howth, as to their conference with 
Thomas Talbot since his return from England, and their speeches as 
to cess. 

July 6. 60. Sir W. Drury to the Privy Council. Recommends the Earl 
of Thomond repairing over. His honourable offers and doings for 
assurance of the peace of the country. 

61. Petition of Conor Earl of Thomond to same. For their 
favourable letter to prevent any of his castles being given to the 
Lord President of Munster. And their warrant for him to be 
restored to his two castles of Crovorham and Dromlye. 

62. Note of services done by Conor, Earl of Thomond, against 
Her Majesty's enemies. The losses he has sustained by the Grattans 
and Burkes. Imperfect. This seems to be a petition from Conor 
Earl of Thomond to the Queen. 

July 6. 63. Thomas Nugent, James Nugent, and Lavalen Nugent, to the 
Dublin Castle. Lord Deputy. Pray that a distress of 671 Os. 6d. for fines which 
had been twice remitted, and now levied during their imprisonment, 
may be restored to their tenants. Inclose, 

63. i. Petition of Thomas, James, and Lavalen Nugent to the 
Lord Chancellor, for letters to the Sheriff of Westmeath, concerning 
the money and cattle distrained from their tenants. 





63. ii. Richard Nugent to his cousin, Thomas Nugent. The 
rueful sight of the distress for levying the fines to Capt. Collier. 

June 20, Donower. 

63. in. Lord Deputy to John Tirell, Sheriff of Westmeath. For 
restoration of the distress on sureties to answer the fines being 
given. June 28, Castledermot. 

63. iv. Petition of Baron Delvin and others to the Lord Chan- 
cellor. To be a mean to the Lord Deputy to ease their burdens. 

63. v. Petition of Thomas Nugent to the Lord Chancellor, 
against the unjust proceedings of his brother, Oliver Nugent, 
cessor of the barony of Corkary. 

64. Sir William Fytzwylliam to the Privy Council. Answer to 
the suggestions of Sir N. Malbie, touching the debt of cess oats. 

65. Statement touching the case of the Countess Dowager of 
Sussex under the hand of Sir Henry Sydney, the Deputy. 

66. Countess Dowager of Sussex to Walsyngham. For letters from 
the Council, to the end there may be no further delays in her suit, 
and the arrearages seized into the Lord Deputy's hands. 

JJuly 16.] 67. The Queen to President Drury. Good report of his painful 
and discreet proceedings. Has commanded that he have such forces 
as may be .conveniently spared. Letters to the Earl of Clancarr and 
the Countess of Desmond. 

July 9. 

July 12. 

July 16. 


July 16. 


68. Same to the Countess of Desmond. Thanks for her good offices 
in advising her husband to continue in his dutiful obedience. 

69. Same to the Lord of Clancarr. Thanks for his forwardness to 
do good service, reported by President Drury. 

July 18. 70. Ways of victualling an army of 1,000 men, whereby the 
English Pale may be somewhat eased. Minute. Indorsed " Sent 
to Deputy from my Lords." 

71. Copy of the above. 
July. 72. Proportion of munition sent Into Ireland. 

July. 73. Note by the E. of Sussex, of port corn to be reserved upon 


74. Note of the griefs of the English Pale, with remedies postilled 
in the margin. 

75. Griefs of the Pale, with the supposed remedies and answers to 
the same, to be considered on the Governor's behalf. 

76. Remedies to ease the griefs conceived of the cess. 

77. A way to ease the griefs of the cess presently imposed on the 
English Pale for the maintenance of the Lord Deputy's house. 



78. A remedy for the griefs made by the cess imposed upon the 

English Pale for the maintenance of the Lord Deputy's house. 

79. Considerations of the cess for the Deputy's household. 

80. Note of the number of beeves and pecks of wheat and malt 
needful for victualling 1,000 soldiers for a year. The victualler 
receiveth the weight of 121b. of every cwt. for loss in retailing of 
beef, and likewise hath the advantage of 1 3 to the dozen for loss in 
retailing of bread and beer. 

81. Note in what places 2,000 beeves are to be levied for 1,000 

82. Cess of grain and beeves laid on the English Pale and the 
Irishry, with the consent of the nobility. 

83. Notes touching cess. 


Aug. 25 & 26. 1 . Report of speeches between Ulick Burke and Edward White, 
Clerk of the Council in Connaught. Ulick protests his readiness to 
serve the Queen even against his brother. He fears revenge at his 
father's hands if he should escape. 

Aug. 28. 2. Certificate by Captains William Collier and William Furres, 
Owen Moore, the Clerk of the Check, and Michael Kettlewell, on 
view of munition damaged by the sea. 

Aug. 30. 3. Sir N. Malbie to Walsyngham. Connaught is in very^ good 
Dublin. terms. John Burke has vowed rebellion till he shall see what shall 
become of his father. Increase of revenue by composition. 

Sept. 1. 4. Sir Hugo O'Domnayll, Lord of Tirconnel, to the Lord Deputy. 

Belaseny. His agreement with the Baron of Dungannon concerning the castle 
of Bundrowes. Scots. Con O'Donnell still withholds the castles of 
Finn and Lifford. Great contention with the churchmen who claim 
exemption from the tribute. Latin. 

Sept. 6. 5. Lord Deputy and Council to the Privy Council. Have sent 
Dublin Castle, for the 2,000 men for fear of La Roche and James Fitzmaurice. 
Their Lordships to stay the coming of those soldiers should the alarm 
have subsided. 

Sept. 12. 6. Council of Ireland to the Queen. Her pleasure that they 

Dublin. should once every year advertise the state of the country. The 

rebellion conspired by Clan ry card. Proposal of marriage between 

Mary Burke that Earl's daughter and Sir John of Desmond, although 

he have another wife and she another husband. Conor M'Cormock 



1flHM VOL. LIX. 


O'Conor and Rory Oge O'More have burned the Naas, &c. Benefit 
of the President in Munster and the Colonel in Connaught. The 
people of the Pale overmuch blemished with the spots of the Irishry. 
Have made special choice of the Chancellor to repair over with the 
new laws that are to pass the next Parliament. Cess. 

7. Concordatum for sending the Lord Chancellor Gerrarde to Her 
Majesty with instructions about the matter of cess, the state of the 
realm, laws to be passed next Parliament, &c. The custody of the 
Great Seal committed to the Archbishop of Dublin and Thomas 
Saye, servant to the Lord Chancellor. 
Sept. 12. 8. Note of Sir Nicholas Malbie's claim to cess oats. 

9. Memorandum by Sir Nicholas Malbie of 887Z. 13s. Id. Irish 
due to him for cess oats and portage. 

Sept. 12. 10. Book of the garrison as ordered in 1575, Sept. 19. How 
many have been retained. How many have been discharged. And 
the present state of the same, being 1,619 now in pay. 

Sept. 13. 


Sept. 15. 


Sept. 16. 
Dublin Castle. 

11. President Drury to Walsyngham. The loyalty and valor of 
Henry Davells. He is esteemed and loved by the good and feared 
and trusted by the evil. His suit for the parsonage of Dungarvan. 

12. Suit of Henry Davells, Constable of Dungarvan Castle, for 
reversion of the parsonage of Dungarvan, with reasons to move Her 

13. Sir N. Bagenall to Sir Francis Walsyngham for a supply 
towards walling his town of Newry, the loss of which would peril 
his whole country. The Lady O'Neill [Turlough Lynagh's wife], 
dutiful towards the Queen. 

1 4-. Lord Deputy to Burghley. Reports a conference with White 
the Master of the Rolls, and his refusal to sign the letter to the 
Privy Council. 

Sept. 16. 15. Same to Walsyngham. Upon consideration of Her Majesty's 

Dublin Castle, nrislike for the imposition of the cess Deputy called a Council. New 

cess ordered for this year. The Lord Chancellor appointed to repair 

over. Desires payment of 3,000?. and 1,600Z. to enable him to 

satisfy Pembroke for his daughter's marriage money. 

Sept. 16. 16. Same to same, for present supply of lead from Chester instead 
Dublin Castle. O f from Bristol. 

Sept. 16. 17. Sir Nicholas Malbie to same. Sends Thomas Pickering 
Dublin. to declare his just claim to the cess oats. His former suit recom- 
mended. Desires Walsyngham's letter to Mr. Thomas Dillon, Chief 
Justice in Connaught, a very honest and just officer. 

18. Note of cess oats due to Captain Malbie 1571 to 1574, with 
a note of his debts to Her Majesty, John Baptista and Calvetta and 
others. [This note was probably sent by Thomas Pickering and 
mentioned in the letter of 1577, Sept. 16.] 



19. Note of the order taken by the Lord Deputy and Council of 

Ireland in 1571 for allowing a proportion of oats at l'2d. the peck, 
with condition that the soldiers should be removed from the cess of 
the Pale and placed in garrisons. 

Sept. 17. 20. Redmonde Stapulton to Walsyngham. Thanks for kindness 
Waterford. when in England. His travel in Connaught and Munster to learn 
news. Has sent a horse and hounds to De la Roche, and will com- 
municate his answer to Walsyngham. Incloses, 

20. I. Redmond Stapulton to Monsieur de la Roche. Is glad to 
hear that the King of France thinks of ivar with England. His 
hardships. Sends a present. Latin. Aug. 24, Limerick. 

Sept. 18. 21. Sir N. Malbie to Walsyngham. His meeting with President 
Drury by command of the Lord Deputy. Their good friendship 
notwithstanding many practises to make difference between them. 
Division in the Council. Her Majesty to stand fast by her own 
and declare she will be obeyed. Malbie's suits. 

Sept. 26. Lord Deputy and Council to the Treasurer for allowance of losses 
Dublin Castle, to Robert Woodford the victualler. [Copy. See 1577, Nov. 16, to 
which this is attached.'} 

Sept. 22. Note of cess for the Lord Deputy's household for one year to 

ensue from Michaelmas 1577. 

23. Memorandum of a proportion of cess for the Lord Deputy's 
household, and of the expense of the last year above what was 

24. Copy of the above. 

Oct. 12. 25. Lord Deputy to the Privy Council. Commends the bearer 
Dublin Castle. Captain Acres, who has served long without oppression of the 
country or offence of the soldier. 

Oct. 12. 26. Same to Walsyngham, commends Captain Acres and his suit. 
Dublin Castle. 

Oct. 14. 27. Privy Council to the Lord Deputy. Discussion as to cess 

Windsor, before the Council between the Lord Chancellor of Ireland and 

Sydney's servant Whitton and the accusers, for three days. . Netter- 

vyll and Burnell commited to the Tower as malicious and perilous 

instruments. The Queen's letters will instruct Deputy how to 

[proceed with Scurloke. " Displeasant " appearance of continual 

charge. Deputy to satisfy Her Majesty's expectation. 

28. A collection of the causes for which it has been thought neces- 
sary to commit Nettervyll and Burnell prisoners to the Tower of 

Oct. 22. 29. to Sir Edward Fyton for payment of 

Windsor. a concordatum to Sir W. Drury, for espials in France and fortifi- 
cation about Limerick. 


1577. V01 " LIX - 

Oct. 25. 30. Articles whereby Brian O'Rourke, of Newtown, in the county 
Sligo. of Sligo, Esq., alias O'Rourke, chief of his name, agrees with Sir N. 
Malbie Colonel, and others to pay a rent to Her Majesty, &c. 

Oct. 26. 31. Mr. Thomas Snagge to Walsyngham. His great charges. Wal- 
Holyhead. syngham has procured him a journey as full of peril as of hindrance, 
though with well meaning to the State. 

Oct. 31. 32. Note of Her Majesty's grant of the parsonage of Dungarvan 
and its several particulars to John Lukar. 

Oct. 31. 33. The Queen to the Lord Deputy. The Lord Chancellor 
Gerrarde has declared how openly and contemptuously the nobility 
refused to subscribe the cess. Order for them to be committed. 
Orders shall be sent upon the return of the Chancellor. Imperfect. 

Oct. 34. Same to same, with warrant for a new patent to the Earl 

Windsor Castle. o f Thomond, containing the full effect of his former patent, with 
remainder of his earldom to his son Donough, now Baron of 

35. Effect of letters patent granted to the Earl of Thomond and 
his father, by Hen. VIII., Edw. VI., and Queen Elizabeth. 

36. Note of documents brought over by Mr. Whitton for the 
Lord Deputy Sydney's causes. 

37. Note of the port corn reserved on leases in Ireland for pro- 
vision of the Lord Deputy's house. [Many of the lessees here men- 
tioned were dead in 1 577, but it should seem that the book is 
extracted from the leases as registered in the Exchequer.'] 

38. A true report of the cess imposed for the Deputy's house and 
the army in 1576 and 1577. 

Nov. 2. 39. Walsyngham to the Lord Deputy. The Queen's letter signifies 
her resolution touching the cess, and proceedings against Scurloke 
and other opponents. The gentlemen who have been plaintiffs to 
subscribe the cess now imposed. Lord Chancellor and Whitton 
have dealt very ably. The Queen's great mislike of the excessive 
charges. Her Majesty is thoroughly resolved to pay no more Irish 
debts. Walsyngham is past hope that the warrants for the 1,6001. 
and 3000?. shall be obtained. Sydney's fee farm. 

Nov. 2. 40. Same to Sir N. Bagenall, in answer to his letter of 15th 
September. Her Majesty is weary of the growing charges of Ire- 
land. Walsyngham forbears the motion for a supply to wall the 
Newry. Proposes a President for Ulster. Will procure some suit 
of Her Majesty's for Turlough Lynagh's wife. 

Nov. 2. 41. Same to Sir Nic. Malbie. Accepts the horse and hawk. 
His manner of government much commended. His suits. The 
Lord Chancellor's good will towards Malbie. 



Nov. 5. 


Nov. 1 0. 



42. Mr. Thomas Snagg to Walsyngham. Finds the course of law 
but a bare shadow of Westminster Hall. Walsyngham to thank 
the Lord Deputy for his courtesy to Snagg. The suspending of 
Clanrycard's cause doth great hurt. 

43. Sir N. Malbie to same. The strong enemies he dealt with 
in Connaught, O'Donnell, O'Rourke, and the Scots. Malbie's force 
chiefly Irish. Deputy's good will, great travels, and charges. Malbie 
will spend his time in civil affairs. Merchants of Sligo desire to 
wall their town. O'Conor Sligo is the very worst disposed man. A 
sheriff placed in Sligo. 

[Nov. 10.] 44. Note of Sir N. Malbie's journey into Sligo from 15th October 
to 4th November 1577. 

Nov. 11. 45. Brief of the resolution of the Privy Council touching Ireland. 
Certain judges named and their fees appointed. [It would seem 
that these appointments were never made.] Victualling. Burnell 
and Nettervyll to be consulted, and to have liberty to deal with the 
Lords of the country touching their offer. 

Nov. 12. 46. Sir N. Malbie to Burghley. Mentions the report of his pro- 
Dublin, ceedings in Connaught sent to the Privy Council. Possibility of 
doing good among this rude people. They seek for the administration 
of justice, and desire to compound for their countries. 

Nov. 12. 47. Same to Walsyngham. Quietness of Connaught. John Burke, 
Dublin. the Earl's son, a great impediment. Ill effects of the expectation of 
Clanrycard's liberty. 

Nov. 12. 48. Same to same, for favour to his friend Thomas Bavand, of 
Dublin. Liverpool, suspected of coining. 

Nov. 14. 49. Sir Edward Fyton to same, in favour of Thomas Bavand, of 
Dublin. Liverpool. 

Nov. 16. 50. Lord Deputy and Council to the Treasurer. Warrant for pay- 
Dublin, ment of allowances for loss in victualling to Robert Woodford, 
gent. [Copy.] 

Nov. 17. 51. Lady Drury [signed Margery Wy llms] to Walsyngham. The 
Hackney, county of Norfolk make difficulty in transporting corn, butter, and 

cheese into Ireland. Desires a commission for a double proportion 


Nov. 18. 52. Mr. Attorney General Snagg to same. Desires a prebend's 
place in St. Patrick's on Walshe's preferment to the bishoprick of 
Ossory. The Master of the Rolls, Mr. White, is very negligent in 
his office. He maintains any cause that touches his countrymen, 
how foul soever it be. 

Nov. 20. 53. Walsyngham to Mr. Attorney Snagg, to help his cousin George 
Windsor. Moore, who has a grant of concealed lands. Thanks him for helping 
Alexander Fisher to a lodging in Gray's Inn. 


1574. VOL.LIX. 

Nov. 21. 54. Lord Deputy to the Privy Council, in favour of the town of 
Dublin Castle. Gal way to have license to transport out of England 800 quarters of 


Oct. 9 and 55. Bill of wares supplied by a clothier to the Earl of Clanry- 
Nov. 21. card. 

Nov. 24. 56. Lord Deputy to Walsyngham. Thanks for defending his 
Dublin Castle, cause. Composition with the country. Great loss by the Queen 
freeing the Earl of Ormond's lands. The composition lately agreed 
on joyfully accepted by the people. Intreats help for his money. 
Sydney is going to the field. Remembrance of Roger Manwaryng's 

Nov. 26. 57. Lord Deputy to the Privy Council. Death of Mr. Agarde, 
Dublin Castle. October 11. Harpoll has rescued Captain Harrington, Alexander 
Cosbye, and the other prisoners, killing all the rebels in the house 
where they were, save only Rory himself. Rory Oge, with assist- 
ance from Shane Burke, burns and spoils Carlo w. Has consented to 
receive five marks yearly out of every plough land in lieu of cess. 
Captain Malbie's deserts to have Her Majesty's bountiful considera- 
tion. Has appointed a general hosting to extirp Rory Oge, the 
O 'Conors and O'Mores, who have cost the Crown of England 
200,000^. Bills of Parliament. Thanks for sending Mr. Snagg, 
the Attorney General. 

Nov. 30. 58. Auditor Jenyson to Burghley. The Treasurer's accounts 

Dublin Castle, finished the 19th of November. The Lord Deputy sat daily himself 

till it was finished. Gout. Arrearages now sperate will in a few 

years grow desperate if they be not severely called for. The gift of 

the country difficult to ascertain. Incloses, 

58. I. Brief Book of all the Queens debts due before Sir H. 
Sydney's government,- 1 Oct. 1575, being 29,202?. 6s. 5|d 

Nov. 30. 

Nov. 59. Notes by Burghley touching victualling and revenue in Ireland. 

Dec. 12. 60. Lord Deputy to Burghley. The Irish require to be as free 

Dublin Castle, from charge as Her Majesty's subjects in England which can never 

be while they neither in force nor policy can defend themselves. 

Deputy will be weary of his place. Burghley to help him to his money. 

Geo. Wynter hath belied Sydney concerning release of pirates. 

Dec. 20. 61. Mr. Thomas Snagg to Walsyngham. Complains that nothing 

Dublin. that has passed the Great Seal these three years has been estreated 

into the Exchequer. Mr. White's negligence, &c. The reason that 

he stayed the cause of Wyse's daughter last term. Snagge has 

never had good health since he came into Ireland. 

Dec. 21. 62. Bill of goods supplied by a clothier to the Earl of Clanrycard. 

Dec. 22. 63. Brief declaration of money paid in England for Irish debts 
due before the last assignment of Sir Henry Sydney to the office 
of Deputy, from Easter 1576 to 22nd December 1577, being 
16,4962. 6s. Sd. 



64. Information exhibited by Thomas Snagg, the Attorney 

General, to the Lord Deputy and Council against Nicholas White, Esq. 
for negligence in his office, whereby he has forfeited both the fee 
and the office. 

65. Allegations affirmed by the Attorney General of Ireland 
against Nicholas White, Esq., Master of the Rolls, that he acted in 
opposition to the cess. 

66. Answer of N. White to the allegations of the Attorney 
General of Ireland. 

67. A device for calling in Her Majesty's debts in Ireland, recom- 
mending the appointment of Commissioners, &c. 

68. Book of forfeitures of recognizances, fines, amerciaments, &c. r 
with proceedings and returns quoted in the magin opposite to each 
party. Latin. 

69. A like book. Latin. 

70. Edward Whyte to Sir N. Malbie. Interview with Ulick 
Galway. Burke at Kilcolgan. Timorous state of Clanricard in expectation 

that the President of Munster will revenge the prey taken from 
M'Namara. John Burke playeth very lewd and naughty parts. All 
the water in Shannon will not quench the heart-burning betwixt 
him and Ulick. M'Owg hath given foul words to Thomas Dalton, 
Robert Dillon of Loughrea. Ulick Lynche the Cessor. Earl of 
Ormond comforteth John Burke. Desires a new protection for 
Ulick Burke. 

71. Abstract of the rents due to Her Majesty within the province 
of Connaught by virtue of the compositions for discharge of cess 
made by Sir N. Malbie with the Kellies, Richard Burke for the 
Barony of Clare, O'Conor Roe, M'Davy and Hubert Boy M'Davy, 
Brien M'Dermot and M'Dermot, Edmund son and heir to the Lord 
Bremingham, O'Conor Don, Sir Morough Ne Doe for O'Flaherty's 
country, M'Owg and M'Hubert, M'Morris, O'Madden, Redmond and 
Richard M'Moiler and O'Heyn. 

72. Answer of the matter first proposed to the Commissioners out 
of Ireland by the Privy Council in England, agreeing to take 2s. 6cZ. 
under the market price for provisions cessed for the garrison. 

73- Copy of the above. 

74. Assent of the country to the agreement made and subscribed 
by the Lords and gentlemen in England for composition for cess, 
with the further consent of Patrick Scurloke and others on behalf of 
the county of Kilkenny. 

75. Matters questioned with Nettervyll and Burn ell by Secretary 
Walsyngham and Chanceller Gerrarde. Their authority to offer 


1577. VOL.LIX. 

composition for cess, &c. Their agreement. Also the draft of the 
subscription of Ormond, Kildare, and Dunsany, but not their names- 

76. Duplicate copy of the first part of the above. 

77- Answers of the Earls of Kildare and Ormond and the Lord 
Dunsany agreeing to the offer by Burnell and Nettervyll, touching 
the composition for cess. 

78. Brief of the Acts of Parliament. [Probably those which were 
to be sent over by Chancellor Gerrarde 1577, Sept. 16.] 

79. Case between those who claim to be discharged of cess by 
ancient freedom and those who have charged them, set down in the ' 
Lord Chancellor Gerrarde's hand. 

80. Submission of Thomas Talbot of Dardeston in the county of 
Meath. Confesses his unadvised counsel to the gentlemen, prisoners 
in Dublin Castle, for withstanding the cess. Prays to be enlarged 
from the custody of the Marshal. 

81. Pensioners of Ireland with their annuities. 

82. Note of such cess, &c. as has been charged upon the English 
Pale for the garrisons in Leix and Offaly, some in the times of 
Henry VIII. and Edw. VI. 

83. Memorandum of the cess for the Chief Governor's horses, 
horse boys, &c. 

84. Comparison of the charges of the Deputation in Ireland for 
two years respectively under Sir William Fytzwylliam and Sir 
H. Sydney. 

85. Copy of the above. 

86. [Earl of Clanrycard] to the Lord . The 
bearer will show his Lordship the letter he sends to his ungracious 
and unhappy sons. His want. The merchant of Galway who came 
hither with a little stock of his own, has spent it all for Clanry card's 
diet. Desires a loan. 

87. Lord Chamberlain's [Sussex] opinion on the cess for the 
garrison, and caters for provision of the Deputy's household. 

38. Note of prices ordinarily given for achates in Dublin. 

89. Brief note of debts of Ireland yet unpaid to suitors in 



Jan. 4. 

Vol. LX. 1578. JANUARY MAY. 

1. Tailor's bill for the Earl of Clanrycard. 

Jan. 13. (?) 2. Submission of Nicholas Nugent and Christopher Fleminge to 
the Lord Deputy and Council, for consenting to the sending of 
letters by Barnaby Scurloke and others against cess. [Copy certi- 
fied by Chancellor Gerrarde, with a note that it was received by 
the Council.] 

Jan. 15. 3. President Drury to the Privy Council. Credit to the report 

Kilkenny. o f the bearer Coleman. The Earl of Desmond accompanied with 

1,000 fighting men, well furnished, and a great number of 

rascal, oppress the province with coiny and ungodly exactions. 

His great wickedness. 

Jan. 16. 4. Same to same. Sends Robert Hicks in the custody of the 
Kilkenny, bearer Coleman. Hicks has been employed against Robinson, a 
Scottish pirate, since his apprehension. 

Jan. 18. 5. Secretary to the Lord Deputy [Sydney]. The 

Hampton Court, traitorous devices of James Fitzmaurice are again revived. James 
Fitzmaurice is at the seas. A plot to be laid to entrap him in 
Munster. To have a special eye that Limerick be not suprised. 

Jan. 27. 6. President Drury to Walsyngham. While the bearer Coleman 

Waterford. was detained for wind, the Earl of Desmond has come in, to the 

Lord Deputy. He lays the cause of his folly to sundry persuasions 

from some both in England and in Ireland. He has departed towards 

Limerick to disperse his men. 

Feb. 1. 7. The first submission delivered by the Lords, Knights, and 
Gentlemen to the Lord Deputy and Council. [A copy of this is 
enclosed in Feb. 18.] 

Feb. 3. 8. Warrant to Sir Edward Fyton to deliver to the Lord 
Hampton Court. Deputy 5,OOOL, remainder of the 10,000. sent last summer to pro- 
vide against the invasion then threatened. 

Feb 14. 9. President Drury to the Privy Council. Declares his proceed- 
Roscrea. ings as to the goods taken in Hicks's ship, in answer to the false 
information of George Wynter. 

Feb. 15. 

10. Auditor Jenyson's note of all the money sent to Ireland in Sir 
W. Fytzwylliam's time of government, being 4 years, amounting 
to 168,173^. 5s. 

Feb. 16. 

Roscrea in 

11. President Drury to Walsyngham. To suspend credit till his 
answer be made to George Wynter's assertions touching the goods 
captured in Hicks's ship. 

Feb. 18. 12. Lord Deputy and Council to the Privy Council. Relate their 
Dublin Castle, proceedings with the impugners of cess, who now remain prisoners 
in Dublin Castle. Inclose, 


1578. VoL - LX ' 

12. i. First submission delivered by the Lords, Knights, and 
Gentlemen to the Lord Deputy and Council. Feb. 1. 

12. ii. The second submission delivered by same to same. 

Feb. 1. 

Feb. 18. 13. Lord Deputy to Burghley. In favour of the bearer, Matthew 
Dublin Castle. Arlington [qy. Har-] to recover his former pension at Berwick. 

Feb. 20. 14. Same to the Privy Council. Insolence of the O'Mores and 
Dublin Castle. O'Conors. Sir N. Bagenall made the Deputy's Lieutenant of Leinster 
and Meath. Kilkenny and the Earl of Ormond's chief men feed the 
rebel and foster his children. Partiality in the juries. Earl of 
Thomond delivered Her Majesty's letter open. Earl of Desmond 
made friends with Drury ; he is impotent, and not able to mount 
on horseback without help, and less to be feared than four or five of 
those next him in succession. Ulster quiet. Turlough's difference 
with O'Donnell for killing his son. Chancellor. Money. Hicks the 
pirate. Why Sydney has not more often written. George Wynter's 

Feb. 20. 15. Privy Council to the Earl of Desmond. Warn him of the 
danger of being led astray by his enemies. No commission sent 
to the President to arrest him. The peril of gathering idle and 
unprofitable followers. 

16. Questions ministered to the Lords and Gentlemen now com- 

17. Declaration of the Lord of Delvin, the Lord of Howth, the 
Lord of Trimleston, Sir William Sarsfeld, William Talbot, Esq., 
Nicholas Nugent, Oliver Plunket, Richard Missett, and Lavalen 
Nugent, to the above questions, subscribed respectively by their own 
hands and the Chancellor's. 

18. Declaration and saying of Patrick Nangle, Baron of Navan, 
Christopher Fleminge, Richard Missett, and Lavalent Nugent, 
severally examined by the Lord Chancellor Gerrarde of their 
opinions on Her Majesty's prerogativeto impose cess. 

19. Declaration of Christopher, Lord of Howth, relative to cess. 
Having read the chronicles and laws, he was against the imposition. 
On his second examination he desired that a supplication might be 
drawn, acknowledging offence, which he and the rest (two excepted) 
afterwards refused to sign. 

Feb. 20. Rolls of Parliament, Pleas, and the like, brought out of 

Ireland by the Lord Chancellor 'Gerrarde, to show the antiquity 
of cess. 

Mar. 1 ? 21. The Queen to the Countess of Desmond. Thanks for her 
good travail with her husband to remove his vain fear of being 
apprehended, and to put away his great number of followers. The 
Queen will defend Desmond against all unlawful attempts and 
injuries. [Draft.} 

2. I 



22. Memoranda for Ireland, Nettervyll, and Burnell. Cess. 
Turlough Lynagh, his wife. Clanrycard. Desmond. 

March 22. 23. The Queen to the Lord Deputy Sydney. Order for despatch 
Greenwich. o f those sent over to complain of the cess. The principal matter 
left to Deputy, but the direction thought meet by the Council recom- 
mended. Sydney to repair to Her Majesty's presence by the 10th 
of May, and to bring the Auditor with him. 5,OOOZ. for the next 
quarter. The garrison to be victualled till Michaelmas. 

[March 22.] 24. Privy Council to the same. Report how Nettervyll 
and Burnell have behaved themselves, and how the Privy Council 
have proceeded with them. Have enlarged them and enjoined them 
to repair to Sydney. Council's opinion for Sydney's further dealing 
with them for composition for the cess, &c. If Sydney dislike this 
he must draw out another plot. Turlough Lynagh's nobilitation and 
other matters shall receive full answer by the Lord Chancellor. 

March 24. 25. President Drury to the Privy Council. His service against 
Waterford. the O' Mores. Justice betwixt the gentlemen of the borders next 
Ormond. Sir William 'Carroll's pledges. The people in general 
like justice, and Her Majesty's revenues are much increased thereby. 
Limerick Castle re-edified. Castlemange, which is a principal place, 
and other castles kept by Drury. Englishmen appointed sheriffs in 
Desmond and Thomond. Drury has executed 400, for many of whose 
lives he might have had large sums had he been unjust. The Earl of 
Desmond's commendation. James Fitzmaurice, having put to sea 
with David Wolf to come to Ireland, took an English ship and sent 
the men to the Inquisition, where they were executed. French pre- 
parations at Brest, Nantes, and St. Malo. Hicks's ship and goods. 

March 24. 26. Same to Lord Burghley. G. Wynter's false calumnies about 
Waterford. Hicks's ship, &c. An Englishman arrived at Youghal with 

March 26. 27. Same to Walsyngham. A vessel of Liverpool has brought from 
Waterford. Cales some papistical garments belonging to Murrough M'Brien, the 

pretended Bishop of Emly, who has landed at Galway. 9,000 men 

of war assembled at Croswick. Incloses, 

27. i. Inventory of the two budgets belonging to the pretended 
Bishop of Emly. Mar. 25. 

March 29. 28. Brief note of the yearly revenue already accrued to Her 
Majesty in Munster in lieu of cess. 

29. Note of observations on the government of Ireland delivered, 
to Her Majesty's Commissioners appointed for those causes by the 
Lord Chancellor Gerrarde, to be considered and resolved on by them. 
Gerrarde affirms that all English, and the most part with delight, 
even in Dublin, speak Irish, and greatly are spotted in manners, 
habit, and conditions with Irish stains. 




April 10. 



30. Sir Edward Fyton to Burghley. Sent a note of the revenues 
in Minister and Connaught the 20th* of March last. Refused to join 
in the letter from the Lord Deputy and Council to the Queen which 
affirmed the increase of the revenue. Incloses, 

30. i. Effect of Sir K Pylori's speech at Council board, declining 
to sign the letter. April 9. 

31. Mr. Attorney General Snagg to Walsyngham. The bill for 
restoring the Earl of Ormond's brothers in blood, to be considered. 
His poor estate. Recommends the bearer Robert Kendal. 

32. Chancellor Gerrarde to same. The evasions and digressions 
which hap when Gerrarde deals with Her Majesty. Heads for Her 
Majesty's resolution. Suit for license to transport wool. Sickness. 

33. Remembrance of Chancellor Gerrarde for Walsyngham to deal 
with Her Majesty in his behalf. He has taken pains to acquaint 
himself with matters of state and understanding of the revenue. 
Desires to execute his office as Chancellor. If Her Majesty mind the 
revocation of the Deputy she must foresee that he return with 
honourable countenance and in favour, what mislike soever she 
have. Gerrarde would keep sessions three weeks in Wales. 

34. Offer by William Grene and Steven Acworth to Burghley, 
for victualling 1,000 soldiers in Ireland, &c. 

April ]]. 35. Declaration of sums paid out of the Exchequer in England 
from Sept. 1575 to 11 April 1578, to suitors for Irish debts due 
before 1575, Sept. 

[April 11.] 36. Petition of Foster, Cosgrave, Skynner, and other merchants of 
Ireland to the Queen. For warrant for payment of money due 
to them. 

April 10. 

April 11. 

April 1 1. 

April 11. 

April 12. 

April 14. 

37. Sir Nicholas Malbie to Walsyngham. To have his grant in 
the beginning of the year. The Irishman doth most overreach us 
by winning of time. The doubtful case of Clanrycard is a 
hindrance to perfect quietness. His sons. O'Rourke is the proudest 
man this day living on the earth. Commends Robert Kendal. 
Lord Deputy's favour to him. 

38. Chancellor Gerrarde to same. Certain points for Ireland to 
be referred to the Attorney and Solicitor General. Sees Her Majesty 
is not inclined to give Clanrycard his deserts. Prays he may be 
sent for to England. 

April 15. 39. Lord Deputy and Council to the Privy Council, for the bearer 
Dublin Castle. Kobert Kendall to have the office of Clerk of the Castle Chamber 
for life. 

April 1 5. 40. Mr. Attorney Snagg to Burghley, against Mannering the 
Chief Remembrancer, Rainesford, the Constable of Dublin Castle, 
and Alford, the Surveyor and Clerk of the Hanaper, who are ap- 
plying to have their offices for life. 

i 2 



April 19. 41. Chancellor Gerrarde to Walsyngham. His reckonings con- 
[Harrow ?] cerning the victualling of the soldiers. Desires Sir Edw. Fyton's 
accounts may be sent to him. 

April 20. 42. Lord Deputy and Council to the Queen. Universal quiet of 
Dublin Castle. Munster, Connaught, and Ulster. The Earl of Desmond has dis- 
covered to Drury practices by James Fitzmaurice to move rebellion 
in Ulster and Connaught. O'Rourke proudly maintaining coiners is 
attacked by Sir Nicholas Malbie and the ward of his chief castle put 
to the sword. One of Turlough Lynagh's sons by chance killed in 
O'Donnell's country. Leinster and Meath disquieted by the 
rebellion of the Mores and Conors and the ungrateful repining at 
the cess. The Queen's revenue is increased in the particular pro- 
vinces, with evidence of daily increase. 

April 20? 43. Note of the composition for cess in the province of Munster 
made by Sir W. Drury. 

April 23. 44. Patrick Buck of Dublin, merchant, to Sir W. Drury. 15,000 
Padstowe. soldiers prepared to embark in 1 6 ships with James Fitzmaurice. 

April 29. 45. Walter Gallwey, Mayor of Cork, and others, to Sir "W. Drury. 
Cork. Forward [Buck's] letter from Padstow. Report of the 15,000 
soldiers ready to invade Ireland. 

April 29. 46. William Lery of Kinsale to the Lord President Drury. Has 
Cork. sent him the letter of Patrick Buck relative to the French invasion. 

April 30. 47. Lord Deputy Sydney to the Queen. Cannot repair to her 

Dublin Castle, presence by the 10th of May. Complains of Her Majesty's hardness 

for payment of his warrant of 3,000. The composition for cess. The 

agreement to be confirmed by Parliament. Some one of the Council 

to come over with him to witness the state of the country. 

April 30. 48. Same to the Privy Council. Need of the Lord Chancellor's 
Dublin Castle, return before the conclusion of the composition for cess, and also the 
return of the noblemen now in England. Credit to a report com- 
mitted to the delivery of the bearer Mr. Waterhous. 

April 30. 49. John Myagh to the Lord President Drury. Bruit of King 
Cork. Philip's coming by sea to Flanders. Stucley has an army in 
readiness. Mr. Castle affirms the news brought by W. Lery. 

April 30. 50. Answer of Nicholas White, Master of the Rolls, to the infor- 
mation of Thomas Snagg, the Attorney, exhibited against him 17th 
April. His prayer to the Council that if this answer do not clear 
him, they will certify his case and answer to the Queen. 

May 2. 51. James Butler, the Deputy Mayor, to the Lord Deputy Sydney. 
Waterford. The French army prepared at Morbihan, Vannes, &c., under the un- 
kind traitor James M'Maurice. Incloses, 

51. i. Deposition of Pierre TrarMer, an inhabitant of Water- 
ford, as to the preparations in Brittany. 




May 2. 

May 2. 


May 3. 

Dublin Castle. 

May 3, 4. 


May 4. 



51. ii. Deposition of James Sellenger, relating the preparations 
made by James Fitzmaurice, the report of the French King's 
offence that De la Roche should levy an army without his license, 
and the command to discharge all the men and shipping. 

52. J. Butler, Deputy Mayor, to the Lord President Drury of 
like tenor. Incloses, 

52. I. Deposition of Pierre Trambler. 

52. ii. Deposition of James Sellenger. 

53. Abel Marshall to Lord President Drury. Reports the news from 
Brittany with the names of the captains. 

54. Lord Deputy Sydney to Walsyngham, Recommends the 
bearer, Lawrence Hammond. 

55. Sir Nicholas Malbie to same. As to assurance for the in- 
crease of rent compounded for by the country. His maligners at 
Court. His good service in repressing the rebellion. Suits. Doleful 
news of the slaying of the Baron of Lowth, and 20 gentlemen of the 
Pale following M'Mahon to rescue a prey. Desires advice as to 
his repair to England. 

56. Same to same. Recommends Lawrence Hammond and his 

May 5. 57. Lord Deputy Sydney to Burghley. Thanks for helping him 
Dublin Castle, to the payment of his last warrant. To give audience to the bearer, 
Waterhous. Not to condemn him till he have answered N. White's 
objections. To help excuse his not coming over to the Queen. 

May 5. 58. Lord President Sir W. Drury to Walsyngham. Recommends 
Dublin. ]^ r> Lawrence Hammond. 

May 5. 59. Francis Cardinal Alciatus to Patrick the Titular Bishop of 

Home. Mayo. His letters from Paris were read to the Pope, who does not 

answer them because Dominus Jacobus [James FitzMaurice ?] has 

not written of the matters mentioned therein. Grant of a six years' 

license to visit the threshold of the Apostles, &c. Latin. 

May 10. 60. Patent, creating Turlough Lynagh Baron of Clogher, Earl of 
Clanconnell. Latin. [Draft. This passed the Seal with the com- 
mission for the Lord Justice, Thursday, May 18 ; see Qerrarde's 
letter of %4<th May.] 

May 15. 61. A collection of Her Majesty's charges, by giving 5d. per diem 
to the horsemen from 1st October 1577, to 15th May 1578. 

May 15. 62. Similar collection. 

May 24. 63. Lord Chancellor Gerrarde to Walsyngham. In consequence of 
Her Majesty's displeasure at his stay, he has delivered a brief to the 
Earl of Leicester, showing how he has bestowed his time. Would 
receive the two gowns from Her Majesty. Upon Thursday the 
commission for Turlough Lynagh and the Lord Justice passed the 




[May 29] 64. The Queen to Chancellor Gerrarde, touching the debt of the 
Earl of Desmond to Dr. Hector Nonnes. 

May 29. 

May 30. 


May 28 
or 30. 

May 31. 


Instructions from the Queen to Sir "W. Drury, appointed Lord 
Justice, and W. Gerrarde the Chancellor. To consider, with the 
Council, the state of the realm. Diminution of the garrisons. 
Maintenance of forts and castles. To restrain the Tooles, Byrnes, 
and Kavanaghs. Repairing of churches. Execution of laws. To 
establish inns for the lodging of the justices in their circuits. Orders 
sent by Henry VIII. to Sir W. Skeffington to be put in execution. 
Revenue. No officers to be displaced without sufficient cause. [Copy. 
See 31st March 1579.] 

Entry of the above. [See Lorn. Eliz. Vol. C XXXIV., p. 608. 

65. Privy Council to the Lord Deputy. Cess. The Parliament. 
Earl of Clanrycard. The Lord Chancellor has the instruments for 
the nobilitation of Turlough Lynagh. A justice shall be sent for 
the Common Pleas. Deputy's letters of 30th April. Resolution of 
some plots for reformation and lessening of charge stayed till Sydney 
may be present. Kildare and Ormond have orders to repair home. 
Sydney to take order that the non-payment and waste made by the 
soldiers in his journey to Kilkenny be repaired before his departure. 
[Draft. This despatch was intended to have been sent by the 
Chancellor, but it is possible that the despatch of 3~\st May may 
have superseded it.] 

66. Remembrance for the Earl of Ormond. To have the Queen's 
letters to the Governor of Ireland that all the Earl's lands may be 
free from cess for ever. Also letters for restitution of goods. Inha- 
bitants of Ossory, who continually spoil Kilkenny and Tipperary, 
to appear at sessions. 

67. Privy Council to the Lord Deputy or other Governor and 
Council of Ireland in behalf of the bearer Robert Kendall, and his 
continuance as Clerk of the Star Chamber. 

68. Draft of the above for R. Kendall. 

69. Privy Council to the Lord Deputy. Suspicions of Stucley 
attempting to invade Ireland. Ships appointed to have regard to 
the landing of the said Stucley. 2,000 men and a mass of victual 
appointed to be in readiness to sail for Waterford, Cork, or Dublin. 
Recommend that the havens of Waterford, Cork, and Kinsale be 
fortified to hinder the landing of the enemy. Order given to the 
Earls of Kildare, Ormond, and other Irish gentlemen to repair home 

May 31. 


70. Same to same. Draft of the above. 


1578. > LX ' 

[May.] 71. Privy Council to the Privy Council in Ireland. Opinion on the 

articles for composition of cess and victualling the soldier. A Par- 
liament cannot be holden till the rebellion in Munster be finished. 
Walling of the Newiy. Sir H. Cowley's supplication to be consi- 
dered. Courts not to be kept in the castle, in respect of the mass 
of powder. The great harm ensuing the not repairing churches, 
the slow execution of the laws and instructions for schools, gaols, 
and courthouses in every county. 


June 7. 1. Lord President Drury to the Privy Council. Has learnt by 

Dublin. their letter of 26th April his appointment to be Lord Justice. His 

fervency of zeal and affection. Watchfulness. Limerick Castle 

finished, and the charge extinct. Will cherish Desmond's good 

disposition with courteous offices. 

June 14. 2. Lord Deputy and Council to same. Stucley's invasion hath 
Dublin Castle. Q, show almost of undoubted certainty. The ships to be hastened. 
They, mistrusting Irish inclinations, pray the 2,000 men may be 
immediately sent over. The pensioners, expert captains, and suffi- 
cient leaders in Ireland, to have command of the said 2,000 men. 
Intreat the supply of necessaries. The munition to be sent service- 
able. 200 choice labourers wanted ; they will do more than double 
that any in Ireland will or can do. Fortifications. 20,000 at the 
least, besides the ordinary quarterage. Credit to the report of the 
bearer L. Briskett, Clerk of the Council. 

June 1 4. 3. Lord Deputy Sydney to William Glaseour, the Chamberlain of 
Dublin Castle. Chester, to send over the mass of victual he has in readiness. 

June 14. 4. Same to the Mayor of Bristol, to send the mass of victuals 
Dublin Castle, to Waterford. 

June 16. 5. Nicholas White, the Master of the Rolls, to the Queen. Has 
County of been sequestered from the exercise of his office. To be allowed to 
a enny. answer f or anything he has done either touching her service, or, in 
private to the Deputy for which he is troubled. 

June 18. 6. Lord Deputy Sydney to the Privy Council, for the bearer, 
Dublin Castle. William Howson, to be relieved with some yearly pension, in consi- 
deration of his long service, and his mortal and many wounds 
received in manful fight against the rebels. 

June 20. 7. Sir W. Drury to Burghley, in favour of the bearer, Nicholas 
Dublin. Williams, of Great Yarmouth, merchant, to have his Lordship's 
certificate to the customer there that 200 quarters of wheat he 
delivered at Waterford were for the provision of the garrison. 



1578. - LXL 

June 21. 8. Lord Deputy Sydney to the Privy Council. Has sent a gentle- 
Dublin Castle. m an of credit to the Earl of Desmond to sound his disposition. Has 
caused that Desmond's best and soundest councillors remain about 
him till these broils be overblown. Has sent on Mr. Crofte, with 
Her Majesty's letters to the Earl of Desmond, &c. Has filled up the 
blanks to such as will do the most faithful service. Stucley's vain 
and pretended titles of Marquis of Leinster and General, of Pope 
Gregory XIII. Incloses, 

8. i. Passport given by the traitor Stucley to Gregory Silvestre 
and David Mortin, certain Englishmen who had been in the In- 
quisition at Rome. Spanish. April [15 ?], Cadiz. 

9. Treasurer Fyton to Burghley. Thanks for his letter of 26th 
May. Has not yet given N. White the fruition of Burghley 's con- 
tinued favour. Desires directions with the Treasure. 10,OOOZ. 
committed to Mr. Glaseour. Chancellor Gerrarde not yet recovered, 
but in Wales. 

June 21. 


June 24. 


10. Ja. Brincklow to Mr. John Bland. Cannot prevail with the 
Mayor and Corporation of Waterfordto take off the victuals there, 
or to answer the Lord Deputy's letter. The Lord Deputy hardly 
likes that it should be sent away. A Frenchman offers to deal for 
the whole. Incloses, 

10. i. Lord Deputy Sydney to the Mayor and Corporation of 
Waterford. To take off the victuals brought thither by James 
Brincklow for the provision of Her Majesty's ships. 

May 28, Dundalk. 

June 28. 11. Everard Mercurian, General of the Jesuits, to James Fitz 
Rome. Maurice [Domino Jacobo Geraldino] at Paris. Has received his 
letter of June 17 from Paris. Is sorry two or three of his letters 
are lost. Considers that the present is not a fitting time to send 
his men into Scotland or Ireland as James persuades, but will 
embrace any favourable opportunity. Will be glad of any employ- 
ment for old David Wolf. Latin. 

June 28. 12. Last submission of Lords and Gentlemen of the Pale to the 
Lord Deputy and Council, having been prisoners since Feb. 6, for 
impugning the cess. Pray for discharge of fine and imprisonment, 
and the reduction of the charges of diet and fees in Dublin Castle 
to the rates during Sussex's government. 

June 29. 13. Petition of the Earl of Clanrycard to the Lord Deputy, that 
he may be brought to trial before his Peers, that his petitions may 
be considered, that he may have some liberty for his health and 
consideration for his diet. 

[June 30.] 14. Brief note of all money due by Her Majesty in Ireland, 80th 
June 1578, being 20,673Z. 11s. lljd 

15. Certificate of the receipts and charges of Sir Edward Fyton, 
and for the issuing thereof, from 1 Oct. 1575, to 30 June 1578. 

1 6. A like certificate. 








17. Note of 178,8752. 15s. Ud. sent to Ireland, whereof 
106,0852. 4s. 2d. in Sir W. Fytzwylliam's government, and 
72,1902. Us. 9d. in Sir H. Sydney's, gathered out of the signet books 
of Sir Thomas Smith and Walsyngham's time. 

18. Copy of the above. 

19. Note of Irish debts paid in England, being 38,2242. 9s. l^d. 
gathered out of the signet books of Sir Thomas Smith and Sir 
Francis Walsyngham's time. 

20. Copy of the above. 

21. Short note of expenses and receipts for Ireland in the time of 
Sir Henry Sydney, viz., two years and three quarters. 

22. Book of debts due by Her Majesty, and debts due to 
Her Majesty for Ireland. 

23. Note of money due by the Queen in Ireland for defrayment 
of all charges, as well before the time of Sir H. Sydney, as during 
his last government. 

24. Copy of the above. 

June 30. 25. The reckoning of the Lords, Knights, Esquires, and Gentle- 
men discharged forth of Dublin Castle. Committed 5 Feb. 1577/8, 
discharged 30 June 1578. 

26. Submission of the Lords and Gentlemen of the Pale to the 
Lord Deputy and Council, drawn by Chancellor Gerrarde at the suit 
of Howth, but refused subscription. 

27. Note of the rates of prisoners, fines of irons and diets, signed 
by the Lord Deputy and Council. 

28. Certain defects in Mr. Treasurer's books. 

July 1. 29. Lord Deputy Sydney to the Privy Council. Killing of Rory 
Dublin Castle. Qge O'More, who had sent a messenger to entrap the Baron of Upper 
Ossory. He hath hitherto escaped beyond all expectation, either by 
swiftness of footmanship, or else by sorcery or enchantment. The 
Baron, of his own charge and forces, has adventured himself in this 
service. Sound tokens of Desmond's fidelity. He sent his brother 
Sir James to the Deputy when required. 

30. Sir W. Drury to the same. Desmond's loyalty. In- 

30. i. T. Arthure, Mayor of Limerick, to Sir W. Drury. Con- 
ference with Desmond. His jealousy at not having received adver- 
tisement of the intended invasion from Sir W, Drury. 

June 21, Limerick. Incloses, 

30. ii. Nicholas Walshe and John Myagh, Justices of Munster, to 
the Earl of Desmond. Acquaint him with the neius of foreign 
invasion. Desire his advice for resisting the intended enterprise. 
Her Majesty and the Privy Council take in good part the delivery 
of Grany O'Mayle [Grace O'Malley] and other notorious offenders. 

June 17, Cork. 

July 1. 





July 10. 
July 1 3. 


July 1. 31. Sir Edward Fyton to Burghley. The engagement in which 

Dublin. Rory Oge O'More met his death went so hard that our people were 

not able to bring away either his head or his body. Difficulty in 

observing the directions for issuing the treasure. The bearer Thos. 

o o 

Sackford an honest, plain, blunt natured gentleman. 

July 6. 32. Mr. Edward Fyton to same. The great rebel Rory Oge slain 
Aidford, near O n Monday the last of June by the labour and policy of the Baron 
of Upper Ossory. 

33. Proportion of munition for Ireland set down by the Privy 
Council to the charge of 1,308?. 13s. 9^d. 

34. Privy Council to the Lord Deputy and Council of Ireland. 
Stucley is diverted from Ireland. The great supplies stayed. Muni- 
tion heretofore sent, spoiled by wet in the transportation, and the 
corselets negligently cast in heaps to rust and become unserviceable. 
Since subscribing this letter a proportion has been obtained from Her 
Majesty. Inclose, 

34. I. Note of munitions delivered for Ireland m!576 to James 
Prescotte, and in 1 577 to Robert Bingham. July 1 0. 

35. Mr. James Croft to Dr. Wilson, Principal Secretary of State. 
Has delivered the Queen's letters to the Nobility in the west of 
Ireland. Their promises and professions. Desmond's excellence. 

36. Sir Edward Fyton to Burghley. Fyton's long letters of 
July 8 to Burghley. > Fyton being unwilling to pay any of the 
arrears to the army, has issued one month's pay of the growing 
quarter in advance. The Queen's loss by victualling, some years 
1,OOOL, some 1,800. The Auditor occupied five years. ],600. 
paid in England to the Deputy over his entertainment. Incloses, 

36. I. Note by the Auditor, showing the Deputy's reckonings, 
&c. The, ordinary pay of the garrison for the quarter to end at 
Michaelmas 1578. 

37. Conference of the Lord Deputy and Council with the Nobility, 
Knights, and Gentlemen of the English Pale, for composition for 
cess. [Draft, with corrections by Chancellor GerrardeJ] 

38. Copy of the above, with a note in Sir W. Drury's hand that 
the copy had not been examined. 

39. 40. Two copies. 

41. Sir Nicholas Malbie to Burghley. Has written sundry 
letters. Connaught in good quiet. Clanrycard's sons malicious. 
Honest suits, for which he has sent Lady Malbie the bearer. Death 
of Rory Oge O'More, the only Robin Hood of all Ireland. Hugh 
M'Shane O'Byrne will be shortly corrected. Incloses, 

41. i. Note of the services of Sir Nicholas Malbie in Connaught, 
showing the increase of reve?t,ue and droits obtained by him, and 
the quiet government of the country. 

July 17. 

July 17. 


July 24. 


July 24. 

July 24. 
July 26. 




July 27. 



41. ii. Requests of Sir N. Malbie, to have the fee farm of Ros- 
common and Athlone, which he will build, wall, and keep. A Iso 
to have 50 horsemen to be gan^isoned in Roscommon. July 26. 

42. Sir W. Drury to Burghley in favour of Sir Nicholas Malbie's 
suits, by the bearer Lady Malbie. 

43. 44. Account of Kobert Woodford for victualling the army 
from 1577 Sept. 30, to 1578 July 31, with his concordatum of 
July 25, 1578. [Two copies.] 

Aug. 1. 45. Lord Deputy and Council to the Privy Council. Arrival of 
Dublin Castle, the Chancellor and conference with the country for composition for 
cess. A quarter's imprest for victualling demanded, which cannot 
be delivered without warrant. Inclose, 

45. i. Conference between the Lord Deputy and Council and 
the Nobility, Knights, and Gentlemen of the English Pale for com- 

position for cess, under the parties' hands. 

July 24, Dublin. 

Aug. 10. 


46. John Alen to Burghley, to be a mean to the Queen to give 
him a livelihood in England in exchange for his lands in Ireland. 
His fear if the Earl of Kildare should return. 

47. Petition of John Alen to the Queen, for 30. land in England, 
being utterly spoiled of all his goods. 

Aug. 48. Dominick Browne to his son Edward. Mr. Dominick Lynche 

and Mark landed Aug. 13. They reported his sorrowful need and 
detention. The bearer will relieve him with 201. The exchange is 
common in London, 21. in the 201. Invites him home as the country 
improves daily. 

Aug. 1 8. 49. Extract under the Auditor's hand [not original] of 5 1 1. 1 9s.7f c. 
due to John Meagh, Esq., Attorney General of Munster, for fees, &c. 
for service in 1574 and 1575. 

Aug. 19. 50. The Queen to the Treasurer Fyton. Warrant to deliver 
1220?. 9s. 4d. in prest for the victualling, to be compounded for by 
the country. 

Aug. 20. 51. Privy Council to the Lord Deputy and Council. Imprest for 
Norwich, the victualling. Opinions on the conference of 24th July. Auditor 
Jenyson to return without delay after his four years' absence. 
[ Original] 

Aug. 20. 52. Minute of the above. 

[Aug. 20.] 53. Tailor's bill of the Earl of Clanrycard for garments for him- 
self and Darby, his man, giving the items of dress, the price per 
yard, &c. [Last date 20th Aug. 1578.] 




Aug. 21. 54. Lord Deputy and Council to the Treasurer and others of the 
Dublin Castle. Exchequer, Concordatum enforcing compliance with a former concor- 
datum of July 25, for allowances to the Victualler Robert 

Aug. 24. 


Aug. 24. 


55. Sir N. Bagenall to the Privy Council. Relates the whole manner 
of his taking the prey from Hugh M'Shane for relief of the rebel 
Rory Oge, his lodging for one night in the house of Viscount 
Baltinglas for the extremity of the weather, his payment and satis- 
faction for every thing had or taken by the soldier, and the manifest 
falsehood of the Viscount's complaint. 

56. Same to Secretaries Walsyngham and Wilson, to make manifest 
the truth of his dealings in pursuit of Rory Oge, to Her Majesty 
and the Privy Council. 

Aug. 24. 57. Lord Deputy and Council to the Privy Council. Sir N. 
Dublin Castle. Bagenall called to answer the Viscount Baltyngias's complaint. 
Return of the former commission for that purpose. The Viscount's 
complaint disproved by his own witnesses. BagenalTs upright 
dealing established. A new trial. They desire the Privy Council to 
rebuke Baltynglas for the untruth he has written of them to the 
Earl of Ormond. Inclose, 

57. i. The first examinations of Edmund Lalor, Richard Tallon, 
Philip Enash, Patrick Browne, Shane M'Davie, William M 1 Shane, 
and many others, affirming spoils to have been done on them by 
the soldiers of the Knight Marshal, Sir N. Bagenall. 

57. ii. Examinations of Edmund Lalor, Shane M'Darbie, 
Teige M'Morishe, William M'Shane, &c. ; also of Henry Davells, 
Esq., John Parker, Robert Harpoll, Piers Fitzgerald, dec. ; some 
affirming and others denying spoils complained of by Viscount 
Baltynglas as having been done by Sir Nicholas Bagenall in the 
service against Rory Oge. Aug. 4. 

Aug. 24. 58. Sir W. Drury to Secretaries Wals} T ngham and Wilson. Un- 
Dublin. truth of Baltynglas's surmise. Sir Nicholas Bagenall's service 
against Rory Oge deserved very well. His true government liked 
in Ulster. 

Aug. 24. 59. Sir Edward Fyton to Burghley. Thanks for Burghley's many 

Dublin. autograph answers. William Fyton's cause for Mr. Hamden's 

daughter. Desires his account may be taken for the last three years. 

Aug. 25. 60. Sir W. Drury to same. Increase of Desmond's dutiful 
Dublin. obedience ; he has repaired to Dublin to take leave of the Lord 
Deputy. His suits recommended. 

Aug. 25. 61. Sir W. Drury to Walsyngham. Deputy and Council's letters 
Dublin. j n favour of Desmond's suits. Two of the M'Shies and Cormock 
Downe executed. Grany ne Male. The bearer worthy of praise 
and thanks for working Desmond to this good tune of obedience. 



Aug. 31. 

Aug. 31. 


Lord Deputy Sydney to the Queen, to nobilitate Sir Theobald 
Butler with the title his uncle had. [See 22 Sept. 1578.] 

62, 63. Two indentures witnessing the delivery of the munition 
and furniture brought over by Roger Bingham, gent., to Jaques 
Wingfeld Master of the Ordnance. 

64. Petition of Mellaghlen M'Donnell O'Kelly of Cloyne Broke, 
county of Galway, to the Lord Deputy Sydney. Ferdorough 
O'Kelly, of Aughrim Omany, to be compelled to bear a third of the 
cess of the barony of Kilconnel. Suppliant to be appointed cessor. 
With order and opinions thereon. 

65. Inconveniences to be foreseen in the committing of the 
victualling to the country gentlemen. 

66. Petition of the agents for the country to the Lord Justice 
and Council, for authority to the Sheriffs to take up distress of such 
as refuse to pay to the collectors the rate set down for the com- 
position for victualling the soldiers. Complainb against certain 
caters who take up acates notwithstanding the late composition. 

Sept. 1. 

Sept. 1. 

Sept. 8. 


Sept. 8. 

Sept. 10. 


1. Nicholas Linche to the Earl of Clanrycard. Cannot levy his 
rents and beeves. The state of Clanricard. 

2. Number of the garrison in Ireland with the charges estimated 
for 28 days, viz., men 1,307, money per mensem 1,786?. 8s. 7%d. 

3. Note of the serviceable men in pay in Ireland. 

4. John Chaloner to Burghley. Shows the disadvantages likely 
to arise to Her Majesty by accepting the present offers of the im- 
pugners of the cess. Incloses, 

4. i. Note hoiu the captains raay victual their bands, having 
their pay in prest. 

5. Memoranda for the consideration of the Privy Council in their 
resolutions for Ireland, suggested by Mr. Chaloner ; showing how 
the Queen would barter 30,OOOZ. per annum to save 3,000&, by 
accepting the offers for composition, and the Irish be in no way 
eased who would onl^ hire Scots to help them to rebel. 

6. Mr. Chaloner's conceit of the proportion of victual. 

7. Sir W. Drury to Burghley. The long, true, painful and 
valiant service of the bearer Capt. William Furres in every part of 



Sept. 12. 8. The Council in Ireland to the Queen. State of the country. 
Dublin Castle. Turlough Lynagh's service against the Scots. O'Donnell has paid 
his arrearages. Necessity that Clanrycard should receive his deserts. 
Rents of Connaught and Munster. O'Conors rebelled against justice 
and not for their lands. Rory Oge and 725 slain in that rebellion. 
Feagh M'Hugh M'Shane O'Byrne is likely to revenge Rory's death. 
Chief Justices to be sent over. The Earl of Ormond has been well 
used by the Deputy. Sydney's praise. 

Sept. 12. 9. Sir Edward Fyton to Burghley, in favour of Captain Furres 
Dublin. for his painful and valiant service to be forgiven his debt to the 
Queen of 700?., occasioned by the naughty falsehood of his clerk, 
who deceived him, not knowing how to read or write. 

September, 1 0. Council of Ireland to the Privy Council. Have imparted to 

prob. 1 2. Nettervyll and Burnell the substance of their letters. The victualling 

of the soldiers and imprest. Desire order for calling a Parliament 

at Christmas for the impost of wines. Also letters of authority 

to claim that impost by prerogative. 

Sept. 18. 11. Sir H. Sydney to the Queen. Difficulties in debating the 

Fluckers Brook, matter of the cess occasioned his tarrying in Ireland. He is detained 

eight or ten days in his physician's house to take medicine. Has 

brought over the Earl of Clanrycard to prevent a rebellion in 


Sept. 18. 12. Same to Burghley. Sends the bearer Edmund Mullineux to 
Doctor Treyvor's re port the state of Ireland. Clanrycard. 

house by 

Sept. 18. Divers Bishops of Ireland to the Privy Council, for leave from 
Her Majesty for the Archbishop of Dublin or the Bishop of Meath 
to repair to England for common matters of the Irish Church. And 
to show the ill dealing of Dr. Achworth and Mr. Garvey, Master of 
the Faculties. [See 22 Sept.] 

Sept. 19. 13. Sir Edw. Fyton to Burghley. Desires warrant to issue the 
Dublin. remainder of the 5,000?. provided against Stucley's invasion. The 
loss of victual. The 1,000?. arrearages paid by O'Donnell taken up 
by Sydney. Two months imprest to the Lord Justice Drury. 
Woodford, Mullyneux and Maynwaring have threatened to work 
Fyton a journey into England for spite. 

Sept. 21. 14. Lord Justice Sir W. Drury to same. Will follow Burghley 's 
Dublin. advice as to the O'Conors and O'Mores. Desires some warrant for 
his payment out of the reserved treasure. Will make proclamation 
by sound of drum to pay his debts in Munster. Hicks's goods. 

Sept. 21. 15. Same to same, commends the bearer, N. White. Master of the 

Dublin. Rolls. 

Sept. 21. 16. Same to Walsyngham. N. White's experience and perfect 
Dublin. s kiii j n the government of Ireland. 




17. Submission of Feagh M'Hugh to the Lord Justice Drury in 
Christ Church. His former stirs occasioned by his neighbours, who 
killed his uncle, preyed his country, and in divers ways sought his 
death. He has delivered his pledges to Capt. Harrington. Prays 
redress of spoils. 

18. Lord Justice Drury and Chancellor Gerrarde to the Secretaries 
of State, to obtain a warrant for them to name Second Justices for 
the two Benches till Her Majesty send Chief Justices. 

19. Lord Chancellor Gerrarde to Secretary Wilson. His wool 
license unprofitable. Desires license to return home. 

20. Lord Justice and Council to the Privy Council. License Mr. 
White, the Master of the Rolls, to repair into England. His clerks 
intrusted to make the estreats against next Michaelmas term. 

20. i. Petition of N. White, Master of the, Rolls, to the Lord 
Justice, Lord Chancellor, and Council of Ireland, to weigh the 
causes of his sequestration, to deliver the keys of his office, and to 
license his repair to England. 

Sept. 28. 21. Sir Edw. Fyton to Burghley. Has not much treasure in 
hand. The sequestration of the bearer N. White was very hard, and 
procured more by affection than cause. Disorders brewing in 
Munster. Incloses, 

21. i. Certificate of the receipts and charge of Sir E. Fyton in 
the time of Sir H. Sydney, and the issue of the same. 

Sept. 21, 


Sept. 22. 

Sept. 23. 


Sept. 28. 

Sept. 30. 


Sept. 30. 


22. Earl of Desmond to the Queen. Received her gracious letters 
of the fifth of June concerning the traitorous intentions of Thomas 
Stucley. Protests his readiness to spend life, lands, and goods 
against Her Majesty's enemies. Prefers his requests, which have 
been referred to the Privy Council. 

23. Countess of Desmond to same, 
letters of March 1, the 2nd of May. 

Received Her gracious 
Her fidelity and dutiful 

Sept. 30. 24. Same to Walsyngham. Is well assured her husband stands 
Youghal. fast, and will venture himself in Her Majesty's quarrel. Sends six 
marten skins as a present. 

Sept. 30. 25. Brief of the losses sustained by victualling from 1 Oct. 1577 
to 30 Sept. 1578, being 4,408Z. 12s. 9d. sterling. 

26. Memorandum of allowances to horsemen for their victual in 
time of grass, borne by Her Majesty besides their ordinary wages, 
being 1,299?. 11s. Sd. from 16 May to 30 Sept. 

27. Particular book of old debt containing the whole reckonings 
behind and by Her Majesty unpaid for the martial affairs of Ireland, 
from 24 May 1560 to 1 Oct. 1578, under the hand of Auditor 
Thomas Jenyson. 


1578. VO..LXII. 

Sept. 30. 28. Book of Her Majesty's charges from 1 Oct. 1575 to 30 Sept. 
1578, being 114,606. 11s. 4fd Irish, whereof is some part 

Sept. 29. Note of moneys issued by Privy Seal Warrants to the Treasurer 

of Ireland, Fyton, from Nov. 1572 to Sept. 1578. 

Sept. 30. Survey by Michael Kettlewell of the decays and wants of the 
several storehouses in Leix, the Dingham in Offaley, Athlone, and 
Dundalk. [A copy inclosed in 1578, 9, Jan. 22.] 

Sept. 30. 31. Memorandum of the payments made to Auditor Jenyson at 
different times, from Easter 1573 to Michaelmas 1578, being 
8,369?. 18s. 2fd. Irish. [A copy inclosed to Walsyngham, 1578/9, 
Jan. 8.] 

32. Petition of the Gentlemen of the Queen's County to the Lord 
Deputy and Council, exhibited by the Baron of Upper Ossory, 
Francis Cosby, Esq., Robert Harpoll, and others, agents for the shire, 
pray not to contribute with the English Pale to the composition for 

33. Causes why the gentlemen of the Queen's County do not 
consent to the new cess. Causes of their impoverishment, as the 
rebellion of the Butlers. Liberties granted in their leases. 

34. Declaration of part of the charges that the gentlemen of the 
Queen's County have borne for service upon the O'Mores. 

35. Form of the recognizance entered into by the Irish Lords 
for booking their men. 

Abt. Sept. Certain points to be resolved by the Lord Deputy Sydney. 
The charges of the realm have surmounted the proportion allotted. 
The building of towns, houses, and bridges. The state of the 
country when Sydney left it. [See Domestic Elizabeth, vol. XL V., 
p. 97.] 


Oct. 1. 1. Submission of Hugh M'Shane O'Byrne and his son, Feagh 
Castledermot. M'Hugh, to the Lord Justice. They having put their pledges into 
^ e ^ an( ^ s f Sir Harry Harrington, Seneschal, have been thrice 
spoiled by Mr. Carew and Mr. Maisterson, whereof they seek redress. 
Amount of responsibility laid upon their pledges. 

2. Book of the names of Hugh M'Shane and his men, being 131 in 
number. [It is probable that this book was made about 1 578, Oct. 1, 
as on that day Hugh M'Shane O'Byrne and Feagh M'Hugh 
came together to the Governor's presence at Castledermot, a thing 
they had never before done, and made their pledges answerable for 
their men.} 



1578. VoL.LXIIL 

Oct. 1. 3. Submission of Felim O'Connohore, chief of the O'Conors, 
Castledermot. before Lord Justice Drury. 

Oct. 2. 4. Submission of Maurice M 'Brian Kavanagh to the Lord Justice. 
Leighlin. Promises to put in such pledge as shall be approved by Mr. Carew, 
and to book his men. 

Oct. 9. 5. Submission of John Purcell of Burris, in the county of 
Christ Church Tipperary, gent., being not able to deliver his mind otherwise than 
AY^terford * n wr iting, acknowledges his former ill life and craves Her Majesty's 
gracious pardon for him and his men. 

Oct. 10. 6. Lord Justice Drury and Fyton to Burghley. Private quarrels 
Waterford. between the Butlers and Geraldines. Feagh M'Hugh and his 
father Hugh M'Shane have come in with pledges. Humble sub- 
missions of Teige M'Gilpatrick, Shane M'Rory, Brian M'Cahir, 
M-'Brian O'Cullen, all greatly feared. Walter Gall pleads sickness. 
Shane Brenaghe Walshe. The Viscount Mountgarret's brethren 
John and Thomas Butler. Earl of Desmond and his brother Sir 
John. The Earl of Ormond's brethren Edward and Piers Butler and 
Sir Theobald Butler. Meyler Magrath Archbishop of Cashel. Credit 
to the report of the bearer Nicholas White, Master of the Rolls. 

Oct. 10. 7. Submission of John Walshe, alias Brenaugh, of the county of 
Waterford. Kilkenny, gent., delivered to the Lord Justice, he not being able to 
express himself in English. [Copy] 

Oct. 25. 

Oct. 27. 

Oct. 30. 
Oct. 31. 


[Nov. 2.] 

Nov. 2. 
Nov. 6. 

Nov. 6. 


8. Lord Justice and Treasurer Fyton to the Privy Council. Com- 
mend the bearer Capt. William Pers, of long service in the North. 

9. Memoranda for Ireland. To send the foreparts of the gowns 
for the Earl of Desmond and O'Neill's wives. Justices. O'Neill's 
robes and coronet. Many inculpations of the Auditor Jenyson. 

10. Notes touching the Earl of Clanrycard. 
vations and considerations of his case. 

Showing the aggra- 

11. Sir Edward Fyton, the Treasurer of Ireland, to "Walsyngham, 
recommends the cause of his son Alexander the bearer against the 
said Alexander's wife's mother, the Countess Dowager of Sussex. 

12. Requests of the Lord Justice of Ireland, James Dowdalland 
Robert Dyllon. Warrant to issue the 5,000?. for payment of the 
garrison. Provisions for household. 

13. Requests of the Lord Justice presented by his servant R. 

14. Certain points to be resolved by the Lord Deputy Sydney. 
How the yearly charges have surmounted the proportion allotted. 
Buildings. Concealments. Revenue. Loss of victual. 

15. Submission of Walter Gall to the Lord Justice and Council. 
Has long disobediently behaved himself towards Her Majesty ; 
promises faithful service, and to put in sureties. 

2. K 




Nov. 7. 16. Submission of John Grace, brother to Fulk Grace. Will live 
Kilkenny, henceforth in dutiful sort, repenting his former life. 

Nov. 7. 17. Submission of Geoffrey Fitz Patrick, brother to the Lord of 
Upper Ossory, to the Lord Justice. Extremity and unnatural 
dealings of his brother. Desires some order may be taken between 

Nov. 9. 18. Ulick Burke to Lord Justice Drury. Protests that he does not 
Doghuske. keep or maintain the persons that steal out of Thomond. Desires 
restitution of certain plough garrans. 

Nov. 10. 19. Submission of Cahir Duff Kavanagh to the Lord Justice and 
Carlow. Council. Promises to amend his former wicked life, and show himself 

worthy of mercy. 

Nov. 10. 20. Recognizance of Geoffrey Fitzpatrick of Ballyowley in Upper 
[Kilkenny.] Ossory, Sir Edmund Butler, Nicholas Sartoll, and Donnell M'Shane 
of Kilmacarrage, in the united sum of 500?., for the appearance of 
the said Geoffrey Fitzpatrick within 20 days after warning. 

Nov. 10. 21. Recognizance of Sir Barnaby Fitzpatrick, Baron of Upper 
Kilkenny. Ossory, in ],OOOZ. for bringing in certain persons specified, being 

sixteen, on 20 days warning. ' . 

Nov. 10. 22. Recognizance in 2,500 marks, for the appearance of the Baron 
[Kilkenny.] of Upper Ossory within 20 days after warning. 

Nov. 11. 23. Recognizance on the bond of many sureties, for the appear- 
Kilkenny. a nce of John Walshe, alias John Brenaghe Fitz Robert of Roches- 
town, in the county of Kilkenny, gent. 

Nov. 11. 24. Submission of Connell O'More and Shane Grany, before the 
Kilkenny. Lord Justice and Council, now desirous to reform themselves and 
amend their former wicked lives. 

Nov. 12. 25. A plat for governing Ireland without charge to England, after 
the first year or so. The first establishment to consist of a Lord 
Justice, a Receiver General, an English Justice in Munster, &c., 
all to be maintained on the Irish revenues with the assistance of 
12,000?. out of England. 

26. Nicholas the Scarcrowe [Walshe], Bishop of Ossory, to the [Lord 
Justice]. Thanks for the precept to sue the recognizance of those 
that should come to their parish churches. Has taken the oath and 
assurance of certain for their future conformity. Desires license to 
repair to England, money and letters. [Copy. This Nicholas in 
conjunction with John Kearney, Treasurer of St. Patrick's, printed 
the first Irish book, a copy of which is preserved in the Bodleian 
Library at Oxford.'] 

Nov. 20. 27. Countess Dowager of Sussex to Walsyngham. Shows how ill 

Dublin. Sir Edward Fyton and his son Alexander have dealt with her. 

Complains of the leasing away of her living by the sanction of the 

Archbishop of Dublin's hand. Desires the cause may be decided by 

Walsyngham and others. 

Nov. 14. 




Nov. 24. 

Nov. 28. 


Nov. 29. 



28. [Walsyngham] to the Lord Justice of Ireland. Great suit 
made by the Spanish Ambassador for the enlargement of Guerras, 
committed to the Tower for practising against Her Majesty. Matthew 
del Monte to be examined in Ireland concerning that matter. The 
Earl of Kildare's name to be excepted out of the interrogatories. 

28. I. Extract of advertisements relative to Matiheo de Monte' s 
dealings at the Spanish Court, his intentions of doing mischief 
in Ireland, and the advice he received of Guen*as. 

29. Lord Justice Drury to the Privy Council. The prudence, dis- 
cretion, and grave counsel of Sir E. Fyton, in the late western 
journey. His device for reducing the Earl of Desmond's exactions 
to rents. 

30. Same to Burghley. 

Recommends the Treasurer Sir Edward 

Nov. 31. Earl of Clanrycard to same. Desires that his causes may be 

Ludlow Castle, tried with expedition, that he may settle his old years and sickly 
body in quietness at home. 

Dec. [1.] 32. Petition of the soldiers under Sir Henry Harrington to the 
Lord Justice and Council. Show that their pay for 3 months 
before Michaelmas and for two months since is unanswered. Their 
wages and victualling money, but lOfd per diem, is insufficient. 
Pray for relief, 

33. Lord Justice Drury to Walsyngham. Refers the particular 
report of the state of the country to the bearer Hugh Strowbridge. 

Dec. 2. 


Dec. 2. 


Dec. 2. 


Dec. 3. 


34. Treasurer Fyton to Burghley. The Archbishop of Dublin 
stayed by wind. Progress to the Newry appointed for to-morrow. 
The Lord Justice will spend the Christmas in Offaly and Leix to 
bridle the Conors and Mores whose old protections are almost 

35. H. Burnell and R. Nettervyll to Walsyngham. Touching the 
hard construction of their offers for victualling. They have nothing 
of the country towards their great charges, and have spent 500?. 
of their own. Nettervyll is troubled for 30 01. , for which he has a 
concordatum to discharge him. Burnell cannot obtain Bice's office 
for his nephew Talbot. Inclose, 

35. i. Declaration of the proceedings and differences between the 
Council in Ireland and the country concerning the composition. 

Dec. 2. 

36. Lord Chancellor Gerrarde to the Privy Council. Proceedings 
for the victualling of the soldiers for four months. Lord Justice has 
gone to meet Turlough Lynagh. The importance of the composition 
being perfected. Sends, 

K 2 



1 K*TQ 

38. i. Manner of the proceedings of the Lord Chancellor and 
Privy Council of Ireland with the country, touching the _ cess 
business since the receipt of the letters from the Privy Council in 
England. With the articles of agreement made at Trim the \.6th 
of October. 

37. Draft of the above, with corrections by the Chancellor 

Before Dec. 8. 38. Petitions of Robert Garvey to Walsyngham. Considerations 
for affirming the validity of his commission for faculties. Acworth 
to be removed and the commission restrained by instructions. In- 
convenience of giving the authority up to the Archbishop of Dublin, 
who came of purpose into England to impugn the commission. 

Dec. 13. 39. Plat how the debts to the garrison, patentees, and others in 
Ireland may be answered with the debts grown in arrear and found 

Dec. 13. 

Dec. 13. 
Dec. 15. 


Dec. 15. 

Dec. 15. 

40. Estimate of the sperate debts at 14,960Z. 11s. 9d. Irish. Esti- 
mate of the Queen's debts at 27. 8s. 3i<i. above that sum. 

41. Another of the above. 

42. Mr. Attorney General Gilbert Gerrard to Walsyngham. Has 
perused all the examinations and writings sent touching the Earl of 
Clanrycard, and has made a collection. Opinion that half the evi- 
dence would have served against any subject of England. Has not 
conferred thereon with the Lord Chief Justice who lieth at Totten- 
ham. Incloses, 

42. i. Matters collected out of several examinations and letters, 
proving the Earl of Clanrycard a procurer of the rebellion com- 
mitted by Ulick and John his sons, and aided them therein. 
Indorsed, " The Attorney General's collection." 

43. Note of the profits which have come to the Queen by the 
execution of the commission for faculties in Ireland from Easter 
1577 to Michaelmas 1578. With a note of such livings in Meath 
as coming by devolution to the Queen were certified by Robert 
Garvey, Commissioner for Faculties in Ireland. 

44. Another of the above. 

[Dec. ]5.] 45. Note of the profits by the commission of Faculties, First- 
fruits, &c. 

[Dec. 15.] 46. Another of the above. 

47. Proclamation for continuing the impost of wines in Ireland 
after expiration of the Act 11 Eliz. in that behalf. 

48. The Queen to Sir Edward Fyton, Treasurer of Ireland. War- 
rant to disburse the remain of the 5,000?. provided for extraor- 
dinary charges. Will presently give order for a further mass of 
treasure to be sent. [Draft.'} 

Dec. 18. 


Dec. 18. 



Dec. 20. 

Dec. 20. 


49. Contents of the patent to Dr. Ackworth and Robert Garvey 
for ecclesiastical jurisdiction. The defects and inconveniences on 
account of which the Archbishop of Dublin desires the restraint of 
the same, with a list of the abuses committed by the Commissioners. 

50. Similar document to the above, with a further answer to 
Mr. Garvey 's assertion of profit to Her Majesty, and indorsement by 
the Archbishop of Dublin. 

[Dec. 20.] 51. Able and explicit legal notes on the validity of the commis- 
sion for faculties passed in Ireland. 

52. Legal notes to be considered whether a several commission be 
expedient for passing faculties within the realm of Ireland. 

[Dec. 20 ? 53. Master of the Rolls Sir William Cordell, Doctor David Lewes 

Or before, being Judge of the Admiralty, Mr. Attorney General Gilbert Gerrard, and 

teVrre^elveVon Mr - Solicitor General Thomas Bromley to the Privy Council. Opinion 

the 8th.] that the commission to Acworth and Garvey for faculties in Ireland 

is sufficient in law. [Draft.] 

54. Robert Garvey to Walsyngham, concerning the division of the 
fees for faculties in Ireland. 

55. Instructions for faculties to be granted by the commission in 

56. The special points contained in the commission to be granted 
to the Archbishop of Dublin and Mr. Garvey for passing faculties 
in Ireland. 

Dec. 21. 57. The Queen to the Earl of Desmond. Sydney's report of his 
dutiful intentions of service against the foreign invader. Her 
desire to maintain the Irish subject in peace and quietness. His 
requests referred to the Privy Council. 

Has heard of her praise 

Dec. 21. 

Dec. 21 ? 


58. Same to the Countess of Desmond, 
and assures her of Royal favour. 

59. Privy Council to Lord Justice Drury. Her Majesty takes 
Drury's journey through Leinster and Munster in gracious part, and 
accepts Sir E. Fyton's assistance in that service. The countenance 
to the Bishops, re-edifying of churches, and persuasion of Desmond to 
shake off his loose followers and take a certain rent. Inclose copies of 
the letters to Desmond. James Dowdall and Robert Dyllon approved 
as Second Justices. Money, &c. Malbie not fully despatched. Clanry- 
card's sons to have their protections continued. Clanrycard is sent for 
to be dealt with according to the quality of his offence. No sheriffs to 
be appointed in Connaught but on Malbie's recommendation. Often 
assemblies of the Council for Ireland causes. Proclamation for 
impost on wines. Bills for Parliament to be sent. 

Dec. 21 ? 60. Same to the Earl of Desmond in answer to his private suits. 
Richmond. Castlemagne to be restored to him upon conditions to be propounded 
by the Lord Justice. The abbey lands in Kerry not fully granted 
or denied. 



Dec. 21. 61. Sir Christopher Wray, the Lord Chief Justice, to Walsyngham. 
Tottenham. Has perused the three bundles touching the Earl of Clanrycard, 

Mr. Attorney's collection, and Walsyngham's note of the heads of 

the chief points of the cause. Incloses, 

61. i. Chief Justice Wray's opinion of the Earl of Clanrycard's 


Dec. 21. 62, Sir N. Malbie to Walsyngham and Sir Walter Mildmaye, 
on the controversy for cess oats grown due in the time of Sir 
W. Fytzwylliam. 

Dec. 22. 63. Auditor Jennyson's note of debts for Irish causes, grown in 
the times of Sir W. Fytzwylliam and Sir H. Sydney. 

Dec. 29. 64. Memorandum of money paid out of the Exchequer not yet 
abated out of the quarterly assignment for Ireland. : 


1. Particular note of the lands, rents, and casualties recovered and 
advanced to the Queen by Sir Henry Sydney, being in his first 
government 2,700. 6s. 8d. ; in his second government 7,971. 19s. 6^d. 
Irish. Some of the compositions are but for years, yet may be 
brought to an annual rent. 

2. Note of all the fees, pensions, and annuities with which Her 
Majesty stands charged in Ireland, in which Thomas Cotton, gen- 
tleman, has 13Z. 6s. Sd. as Keeper of the Records in the Birmingham 
Tower, Dublin Castle, and Thomas Cotton, clerk, auditor, 11Z. 

3. Plot for abatement of the establishment in Ireland. 

4. Short account of the expenses and receipts for Ireland during 
Sydney's last government, in which the charges exceeded the 
receipts by 8,952?. 13s. 4^d. sterling. 

5. KettlewelTs note as to victualling. 

6. Information by a pirate as to a purpose of the French King to 
land troops at Beare Haven or the Dingle. O'Sullivan Beare informed 
him of a purpose of James Fitzinaurice and a number of Frenchmen 
to come to Beare Haven. The informant was offered 3,000 crowns 
to become the French King's subject, and a yearly fee during 

7. James Fitzmaurice's instruction and advice of the number of 
soldiers, money, and ships, proportion of munition, armour, and other 
necessaries, to be provided by the Pope and King of Spain, with a 
condition, that if he can drive the heretics out of Ireland, they will 
maintain him against the Queen of England. Latin. 


1578. - LXIV ' 

8. Memorandum for the cause of the Master of the Rolls, Nicholas 
White, relating the speeches of Snagg while in a great rage in the 
Chancery, in Michaelmas term 1577; how he wrought White's 
sequestration, and the enormous allowances to Fitzsimons. 

9. Number of horsemen that look to have allowance of oats, and 
also such as are to be excepted from having the penny a day allowed 
by the Pale. 

10. Certain points to be considered on for the easing of the cess. 

11. Considerations for easing the burthen of cess. 

12. Diversity of the entertainments, between the Lord Deputy 
and the Lord Justice. 

13. A perfect note and agreement of the just proportion of victuals 
agreed upon by the Pale, and Francis Lanney and William Green 
victuallers, to furnish 1,070 allowances for one year. [There is a 
copy inclosed 1578/9, Jan. 22.] 

14. Petition of Patrick Fitzmaurice to Sir H. Sydney. To be a 
mean to Her Majesty to address her letters to the Lord Justice for 
the fee farm of the abbeys of Rathoe [Rattoo] and Kierielezon to 
the said Patrick's father. Also for a pension. 

15. Yearly account of the impost since the first granting thereof 
by Parliament, 12 Eliz., being 16,184?. 9s. 0c7. [Indorsed by Sir 
N. White.] 

16. Remembrance by Thomas Flemyng for the Lord Justice to 
deal with M'Mahon, Evyr Roe M'Colo M'Mahon, Hugh M'Brene 
Oge M'Mahon, both the sons of Felim Roe O'Neill. M'Mahon to be 
bound to pay the arrears of rent, being 440?. The captain of 
Ferney to deliver Evyr Boy M'Mahon, who did strike the Baron of 
Louth when he was slain. Hugh M'Brene Oge M'Mahon. Dun- 
gannon. Magennis. 

17. Note of all the ploughs in the King's County, being 116, which 
have paid to Captain Collier 19?. 11s. 4c?. Sir John M'Coghlan's 
ploughs remain unpaid. 

18. Note of lands, woods, leases, and plate, and fines for leases to 
the value of 10,278?. 15s. 2c?. sold by Sir Henry Sydney, to pay his 
debts growing by his service in Ireland. 

19. Memorandum of the order of proceeding in the consultation 
of Irish causes. As to the charges, the casualties, the Port corn, the 
cess, the differences between Turlough Lynagh and the Baron of 
Dungannon. An order as to Clanrycard and his sons. Athlone and 

20. Notes by Sir Nicholas Malbie touching the revenues in 
Ireland and the payment of Sir William Drury's fees. 


1578. VOL ' LXIV - 

21. Ordinary charge of Munster in the time Sir William Drury 
was President, being 3,815?. by the year. 

22. Note of the countries within the county of Cork that are in 
several men's hands, that are not to pass from the Queen in this 

23. A note of what the Irish countries and borderers are to yield 
to Her Majesty in bonn aught and sorreyne to her galloglas, &c. c., 
with the compositions entered into for the last year. [This is a 
very fine document, (jiving the military services due to the Croivn 
throughout Ireland, at the time of the composition, and the names 
of the captains and septs from whom those services were due. It has 
no date, but mentions Malbie as Colonel of Connaught, who died 
1583/4, March 4, Desmond, who died 1583, Nov. 15, and the last 
hosting as 1577.] 

24. The opinion, probably of Edmund Tremayne, touching the 
Earl of Clanrycard. 

25. Articles to be ministered to the Earl of Clanrycard, as to any 
offence between him and Richard M'Jonnings [Jones], The 
names of his men who were at Gal way the 23rd June. His sending 
money to his sons, &c. 

26. Draft of the above. 

27. A copy of other articles that be enlarged. 

28. Extract out of the several examinations and letters of such 
matter as the Earl of Clanrycard is to be charged with. 

29. Draft of the above. 

30. Copy of the above. 

31. Note of the heads, and witnesses, of the principal matters 
wherewith the Earl of Clanrycard is to be charged. 

32. Another of the above. 

33. A collection of matters concerning the Earl of Clanrycard and 
his sons, out of letters sent out of Ireland, &c. 

34. A journal touching the Earl of Clanrycard. 

35. Extract of the 22 articles of 1573, May 8, by Sir E. Fyton, 
exhibited against the Earl of Clanrycard as an actor in all the 
rebellions in Connaught during Fyton's government. 

36. Names and quality of the persons examined for the Earl of 
Clanrycard in Ireland. 

37. Copy of the above. 

38. A table leading to the collections of the principal matters 
Vith which the Earl of Clanrycard is to be charged. 





39. Effect of the matters the Earl of CJanrycard is to be charged 
with by his own confession and letters, and by the testimony of 
divers witnesses. 

40. The Lord Chief Justice's proofs of the treasons of the Earl of 

41. Some contrarieties and other matters taken out of the exami- 
nations of the Earl of Clanrycard. [Apparently imperfect] 

42. Answer of the Earl of Ormond touching the freedom from cess 
of his lands in Connaught tenanted by Kellys and Burkes. 

43. Estimate of the yearly expense for the Lord Deputy's 
household in Sir Henry Sydney's time. [Tftere is a similar jxiper, 
1582, June 29.] 

44. Note of debts demanded by divers Irish suitors. 

45. One quarter's full pay as Sir Edw. Fyton has entered in his 
book, from 1st Oct. 1578, to 31st Dec. 1578. 

An abstract of the new establishment for Ireland, under a Lord 
Justice. Men, 975. Money, 17,939 Irish. [Dom. Eliz., Vol. 


1. Memorial for Ireland. Munster. Cess. 

2. Notes delivered by Robert Garvey, showing by the statutes 
of Ireland that the Governor had authority to pass his commission 
of faculties. With answers to the objections of the Bishops 

3. Lord Chancellor Gerrarde to Burghley. Explains Doctor 
Hector's case at length, together with his own proceedings therein. 
The gown of cloth of gold for the Countess of Desmond. Has not 
written to Burghley because he never answered his letters. Dimi- 
nution of extraordinary expenses. The decay of the great number 
of English farmers who were the defence of the land brought in the 
soldier, the Irish cottiers who succeeded being of no ability. 

Jan. 6. 4. Lord Justice Drury to the Privy CounciL Repair to Dundalk 
Philipstown. to parley with T. Lynagh. Turlough carried to the Blackwater to 
meet Marshal Bagenall, the bearer Mr. Wyngfeld and others. Pros- 
pects of strife should he die. O'Reilly. Owen M'Felim and the 

Jan. 2. 

Jan. 2. 

Jan. 3. 



1579. VOL.LXV. 

Baron of Dungannon. M'Mahon showing stubbornness awed into 
very humble submission and a condition to bring in his brother that 
murdered the Lord of Louth. Ever Roe M'Mahon, Captain of 
Ferney. Macartan. Con M'Neill Oge spoiled by Scots lately drawn 
in by Neill M 'Brian Fertagh. Louth. Earl of Kildare's arrival and 
meeting with Drury at Ardbraccan. Thieves executed. Desmond 
passing a river on horseback hardly escaped drowning. Incloses, 

4. i. Turlough Lynagh O'Neill to the Lord Justice Drury, His 
great desire to meet Drury made him content to be carried 40 miles 
on men's shoulders to the place appointed to meet Marshal Bagenall, 
contrary to the advice of his councillors and physicians. Desires 
a copy of the Queen's answer to his petitions. If ever he recover 
he will meet Drury. Prays for peace during his illness. Latin. 
1578, Dec. 18, Ex Portu Magno (at the Blackwater). 

4. ii. JBaron of Dungannon to the same. O'Neill doth every 
day wax worse and worse, and no man grants him life. Shane 
O'Neill's sons. T. Lynagh hath appointed Shane Oge O'Neill to be 
chief. Desires that an additional 100 soldiers, and 30 of Harring- 
ton's band, and Mr. Stafford may be sent to his aid. 1578, Dec. 
22, Ballyscanlane. 

4. in. Earl of Desmond to the same. Likes well of the device 
for reducing the uncertain customs and extraordinary charges to a 
yearly rent to be contributed by his followers and tenants towards 
the maintenance of his house. Old John FitzJohn's sons have 
come .in, for whom pardon is asked. Seneschal of Imokilly stands 
on point of agreement. Desmond to be presently restored to his 
lands. No execution of the orders set doiun on the books exhibited 
by Desmond and the Butlers. Sir James of Desmond. [Copy for 
the Privy Council.] 1578, Nov. 28, Athdare. 

4. iv. John Verdon to the same. False report of open ivar 
between the Earls of Desmond and Clancarty. Desmond's agree- 
ment with Clancarty, his conformity and letters to the Commis- 
sioners to meet him for reducing his customs to rents. The Countess 
ever looking to settle all things according to the English manner. 

1578, Nov. 28, Adare. 

Jan. 6. 5. Lord Justice Drury to Burghley. Thanks for his comfortable 
Fprt at letters. Will advertise the Lord Deputy [Sydney] and Her Majesty's 
Plnhpstown. g ecre t, ar i es of the occurrences. T. Lynagh J s sickness. Policy to buy 
of Turlough 's wife the delivery of Henry O'Neill, Shane's son, to have 
as a counterpoise against Dungannon. Colliers band and many of 
the O'Conors shall be sent to aid Dungannon. Excessive charge of 
the Governor, cess being taken away. The Earl and Countess of 
Desmond in good tune. Jar between the Earl and Sir John. De- 
tails as to Doctor Hector. The Queen's intention to spare her 
charges, causes the people to put upon the Deputy. Drury 's stout 
protest and amazement of M'Mahon, a stubborn fellow, since dead. 



Jan. 6. 

Fort of 

Jan. 6. 

Jan. 7. 
Jan. 7. 



6. Lord Justice Drury to Walsyngham. Conspiracy of the O'Conors 
to burn Philipstown and surprise the fort prevented by Drury 's 
presence. Spoils in Ormond. Deputy takes pledges of the best and 
weeds out the idle and notable thieves. 700 Scots arrived to 
inhabit the Dufferin. Matheo del Monte. Dr. Hector. Incloses, 

6. I. Submission of M'Mahon, chief of his name, to Lord Justice 
Drury and Council. Promise to behave as an obedient subject, and 
to fulfil all orders. [It is worthy of note that Drury declares he 
dismayed this cankered and stubborn fellow, and is since advertised 
of his death. See Drury to Burghley, Jan. 6.] 1578, Dec. 16 

6. ii. Pedigree of these great O'Neills from Owen O'Neill to 
Turlough Lynagh, sent by Drury to Walsyngham. The names of 
Shane O'Neill's sons are Henry, Con, Shane, Hugh, Art, Turlough, 
and Brian, two of whom, were by his wife. 

7. Considerations for the Baron of Dungannon to be established 
as Earl of Tyrone on the death of Turlough Lynagh. With notes 
by Burghley. 

8. Answer of A. Loftus, Archbishop of Dublin, to Mr. Robert 
Garvey's justification of the commission for faculties, granted to 
him and Dr. Ackworth. 

9. Mr. Robert Garvey to Burghley, in further justification of the 
commission for faculties. 

10. Earl of Kildare to Walsyngham. Arrived at Dublin 17 Dec. 
Met the Lord Justice at Ardbraccan. Offaly. 

Jan. 7. 11. Sir Edward Fyton to Burghley. Thanks for favours to his 
Fort in Offaly. sons, and for the Queen's letters in Mrs. Hampden's behalf. The 
Lord Deputy Sydney and the Auditor Jenyson have taken offence 
at the book which Fyton sent Burghley by White. Desires a new 
commission to pass his account. Drury is going to the Blackwater 
in respect of Turlough's increasing sickness. 

Jan. 8. 12. Same to same. Four competitors for the name of O'Neill, 

Fort in Offaly. viz. the Baron of Dungannon and Shane O'Neill's sons strong, and 
Turlough Brasselagh and Art M'Henry, weak. Dungannon's 
claims. The name forbidden. Fyton's opinion to divide the prin- 

Jan. 8. 13. Lord Chancellor Gerrarde to Walsyngham. Walsyngham's 

Dublin. letters comfortable medicine to Gerrarde in his extremity of sickness. 
Dr. Hector. To commune with the Archbishop of Dublin as to 
cess. He refused to sign the letter in commendation of Jenyson for 
his corruption. Turlough Lynagh 's sickness and amendment. " I 
sent my man with Her Majesty's gowne to Turloghe his wyfe 
[Agnes], who is a contynuall good instrument, to contynewe him in 
quyett. I made a foreparte which wanted to yt. Hir letters to me 





acknowledginge the receipte I send your Honour." " The other I 
have not as yet delivered to the Countesse of Desmonde." Has 
made a device to be presented to the Privy Council for some little 
help for Marshal Bagcnall for immunities for such as shall inhabit 
the Newry, and for walling the town as a defence for the North. 
They lived at the Newry on Marshal Bagenall's charges, 16 days. 
Quiet. Incloses, 

13. i. Lord Chancellor Gerrarde to Lord Burghley. [Minute.'] 

Jan. 3, Dublin. 

13. n. Memorandum of payments to Jenyson at different times, 
from Easter 1573 to Michaelmas 1578, being 8,369Z. 18s. 2fd 

1578, Sept. 30. 

14. Lord Chancellor Gerrarde to Walsyngham. His panting 
pain. Desires license to return, which he will not use but in immi- 
nent peril of death. The accounts should be audited in England. 
Ormond to write to the gentlemen to continue the cess four months 
longer. The device for Bagenall not quite finished. Sir Nicholas 
Malbie and "Waterhous to be hastened over. 

Jan. 9. 15. fearl of Desmond to the Privy Council. Richard Newton of 

Desmond's housej} r i(jgewater, after tossing six weeks on the coast has been obliged 
^ Q dj sc i iar g e hj s freight of gold ore in Desmond's palatinate of 
Kerry. Desmond will preserve the ore for the Queen. 

Jan. 9. 


of Newcastle. 

Jan. 10 1G. Lord Justice to Burghley. In favour of the bearer, Mr. 
Fort of Peter Carew, to have the ward and constableship of Leighlin during 
life. Carew 's praise, and the decay of the castle. 


Jan. 10. 17. Countess Dowager of Sussex to the Privy Council. Alex- 

Dublin, ander Fyton has obtained a resolution of the Master of the Rolls, 
without the Dowager's agent being heard. Prays for repayment of 
money out of the manor of the Bective. The Archbishop of Dublin's 
fraudulent act. Her children Hastings Wyse and Mary Wyse. 

17. I. Declaration of the Countess Dowager of Sussex, to prove 
Sir L. Dillon, Chief Baron of the Exchequer, the chiefest enemy and 
hinder er of her possession in the Bective. 

Jan. 12. 18. Lord Justice Drury to Walsyngham. Commends the. suit of 

Fort at ]yi r . Davells for the reversion of the parsonage of Dungarvan, wherein 
wn> one John Lucar of Waterford hath interest. 

19. Suit of Henry Davells, for the parsonage of Dungarvan. He 
hath compounded with the tenant in esse for his estate. 

Jan. 14. 20. Lord Justice Drury, Sir Edward Fytou, and Sir Lucas Dillon 
Trim. to Burghley. The sessions at Philipstown. The fort there in great 
. u .' . decay. The musters very weak, both in number and furniture. 
Fyton's praise. Inclose, 




Jan. 1 


Jan. 22. 



20. Articles offered by Teige M'Gilpatrick and Cahil 0' Conor, 
in the behalf of themselves, Conor M'Cormock, and the rest of the 
0' Conors. They will labour, and pay rent, and leave off the spending 
of the country. Brian M'Gilpatrick 0' Conor also agrees. 

Jan. 12, PhiUpstown. 

21. Lord Justice Drury to Walsyngham. O'Carroll, M'Coghlan, 
O'Melaghlin, M'Geoghegan, Oduin, the Fox, also Donnell and Hugh 
O'Molloy, the sons of Fergananym M'Firr, being a company of tall 
men, attend the sessions. Quiet. The west coast infested with 
English pirates. Sir Ed. Fyton and Sir Lucas Dillon commended. A 
popish Bishop ordered in Cavan, in O'Reilly's country, of whom 
Drury wishes to make an example. Incloses, 

21. i. Articles offered by the 0' Conors. 


Jan. 12, PhiUpstown. 

22. Note of the misbehaviour of John Burke since his protection, 
dated Jan. 18. His spoils on TJlick Burke and O'Madyn. 

23. Lord Chancellor Gerrarde to Walsyngham. The Lord Justice 
showed him Walsyngham's commands for the examination of Matthias 
an Irishman. Thinking the details of his motives improbable, has 
cast him into prison. He is sober and quiet, and desires to be sent 
into England. Incloses, 

23. I. Examination of Mattheo del Monte, as to his conference 
with Anthony Cfuerras. Jan. 3. 

23. II. Further examination of Mattheo. Denies having ever 
had other letters than those he delivered to the Chancellor. 

Jan. 10. 

23. in. King of Spain to the Governor of Castile, in commen- 
dation of Mathias de Monte Hermoso, an Irishman, who had 
served some years in the huntsman's, or body-guard. Spanish. 

1574, July 3, Madrid. 

23. rv. Passport granted by the Grand Commendador of Castile, 
Don Louis de Requesens, to Mathias de Monte Hermoso, going to 
England. French. 1573/4, Jan. 5, Antwerp. 

23. . v. Chiappino Vitelli to the Earl of Kildare. Recommends 
the bearer, Mathias de Monte Hermoso, Irishman. Italian. 

1574/5, Mar. 6, Antwerp. 

23. vi. Earl of Leycester to the Lord Deputy. Recommends 
the bearer, Matthias de Monte Hermoso, long in the King of Spain's 
service. 1575, May 16, The Court. 

23. vii. Earl of Warwyke to Lord Deputy Fytzwylliam. The 
bearer, Matthias, an Irish gentleman, who has served many years 
abroad, desires to be employed in Her Majesty's service. 

1575, May 20, The Court. 

2. K 7 - 




23. vui. Sir James Croft to Lord Deputy Fytzwylliam. Recom- 
mends the bearer, Mathias de Monte Hermoso, to be employed. 

1575, May 22, The Court at Greenwich. 

23. ix. Mr. Dr. Thomas Wylson to same. Mattheo de Monte 

Bello has been abroad 25 years, and was much commended to the 

writer by the chief Lords in Flanders, and the Commendador Major 

himself. 1575, May 22, The Court at Greenwich. 

23. x. Supplication of Matthias to the Lord Deputy Sydney 
Has served with his man and two horses nearly three years, for 
which he prays allowance, and that Sydney will appoint him a 
certain entertainment before his departure. [1578, April.] 

23. xi. Warrant from the Lord Deputy Sydney to the Clerk of 
the Check, for a pension of 2s. Irish per diem to Manus O'Cane, 
alias Senor Mathias O'Cane, during pleasure. 

1578, July 10, Dublin Castle. 

23. xn. Docquet of the writings found with Mathias de Monte 
Hermoso [from 1575, May, to 1578, July 10.] [1578/9, Jan. 22.] 

Jan. 22. 24. Lord Chancellor Gerrarde to Walsyngham. As to the lease 
Dublin. to Galway of divers parcels and a fishing. The town deserveth 
well. Letters to be written to prevent the like grants hereafter. 
Has written to Sydney touching Turlough Lynagh. Incloses, 

24. I. The Queen to Lord Deputy Sydney. For passing several 
parcels of lands, &c. to Galway. 1578, July 20, Greenwich. 

Jan. 22. 25. Lord Chancellor Gerrarde to Walsyngham. Has heard how 
Dublin. Sir Henry and Lady Sydney, Jenyson, &c. are out of charity with 
him. If Gerrarde would be evil he could have letter upon letter to 
commend him for an honest man. His son, who was to have borne 
these letters, has fallen into an ague. The Treasurer has twice as 
many soldiers as granted by his patent. 

26. Instructions sent by Lord Chancellor Gerrarde to Edward 
Waterhous, touching a composition for cess to be imparted to the 
Privy Council when those causes shall be debated. Incloses, 

26. i. Articles of Agreement between the Lord Chancellor and 
Council and the noblemen and gentlemen of the country. 

1578, Oct. 

26. II. Perfect note of the just proportion of victuals agreed upon 
by the gentlemen of the English Pale and Francis Lanney and 
William Green, victuallers, to furnish 1,070 soldiers, " coated upon 
the back " by Gerrarde. 

26. in. Survey by Michael Kettlewell of the decays and wants of 
the several storehouses in Leix, the Dingham in Offaly, Athlone, 
and Dundalk. 1578, Sept. 





Jan. 31. 

Palace of 




26. IV. Answer to the questions demanded by Mr. Nettervyll and 
Mr. Burnell, by William Green and John Bland ; with offers of 
Nettervyll and Burnell ; and opinions of Capt. Acres and Gregory 
Rigges, signed by Lord Chancellor Gerrarde. [Copy] 

27. Collection of the matters of cess and victualling in Ireland in 
White's hand. 

28. The Queen to the Lord Justice Drury and Lord Chancellor 
for a regrant to Sir Henry Colley of his lands, &c., in such form as 

to settle the portions he desires on his two sons, &c. 

29. Same to Lord Justice Drury. His letters of 20th November. 
Commends his removing through the different provinces. His care 
not to burthen the subjects with his train. His justice and severity 
without respect of persons. And his receiving ill persons simply 
without protection. [Minute] 

Jan. 30. Another minute of the same. 

Jan. 31. Privy Council to Lord Justice Drury. Answers to the peti- 

tions exhibited by the Earl of Desmond to the Lord Deputy and 
Council in 1578, Aug. The Queen will not restore Castlemagne but 
will grant him the fee-farm of the abbey lands he desires in Kerry. 
[Minute.] Inclose, 

31. i. Privy Council to Earl of Desmond. [Draft.] 

Feb. 2. 32. Anthony Lowe to Burghley. He is not married as reported. 
Has not been able to obtain any grant of the concealments Her 
Majesty gave him. The noble Governor can both correct and com- 
fort those that ought to be cherished. 

Feb. 7. 33. Note of the bonnaught and composition with the Kellys in 
Connaught, showing the great advantage gained to Her Majesty. 

Feb. 9. 34. Certain articles delivered to John Nettervyll and Henry Bur- 
nell, agents for the country, to be by them imparted to the noblemen, 
&c., of the country now present. To consider of victualling the 
soldier for three months longer. Acates to be brought to markets. 
Indorsed by Chancellor Gerrarde. 

Feb. 11. 35. Lord Justice Drury to the Queen. Received her gracious 
Dublin. letters on Jan. 29. Chancellor Gerrarde recovered of the extremity 
of his sickness, will not use his license to go to Chester. Mr. Peter 
Carew, the bearer, much commended. 

Feb. 11. 36. Same to Burghley. Mr. Carew. Meeting with the Lady 
Dublin. Campbell, Turlough Lynagh's wife, on Jan. 22d, at the Newry. 
Turlough Lynagh's refusal to come to the Lord Justice's presence with- 
out protection. He is rude, wild, and savage. Baron of Dungannon, 
who had agreed to put away his wife and take Turlough Lynagh's 
daughter, well lessoned. Young M'Mahon created M'Mahon in his 
father's place. He hath married Duugannon's daughter. Turlough 




Feb. 11. 


Feb. 11. 


Feb. 11. 


Feb. 12. 


Feb. 20. 



Brasselagh craves to depend immediately on Her Majesty. Hugh 
M 'Brian Oge, a notable malefactor, simply submitted. Art M'Collo 
M'Brian, for whom many cows would have been given, executed. 
Will not offend the Chancellor. White, the Master of the Rolls, to 
be favourably despatched. 

37. Lord Justice Drury to Burghley. For Captain William Furres 
to have the payment of Captain Collier's band, the poor soldiers being 
in great want. 

38. Same to Walsyngham. The Queen's determination for him 
to continue as Justice. The incessant toil and fatal thanklessness of 
the office. The late rebellion of the O'Mores and others, caused by 
the blowing abroad among the Irishry Her Majesty's resolutions, 
to limit the expenses. The complaints of the Pale against the cess 
which the Governor was forced to lay toward maintaining the com- 
panies which followed the rebels. Turlough Lynagh on two sides 
matched with mighty enemies. Dungannon content to give 40Z. to 
build up the castle afc the bridge foot of the Blackwater. Rosse Boy 
M'Mahon, the son of him that died the last holidays. Marshal 
Bagenall commended as the only person on whom rests the whole 
good order of Ulster. 

39. Sir Nicholas Bagenall to same. Congratulates him on his 
safe return from [the Low Countries?]. His purgation from the 
grievous complaints exhibited to the Queen and the Council by the 
Viscount Baltynglas. 

40. Treasurer Fyton to Burghley. Thanks for his letter of 8th 
January. Wrenne's accusation of Fyton as an extortioner. Warn- 
ing at Midsummer last openly given to the merchant to take no 
bills of the soldier. Drury's management has brought Turlough 
Lynagh to more consideration of his baseness. He has repented of 
his refusal. The Irish are men of great natural wits. Incloses, 

40. I. Treasurer Fyton to Walsyngham. Thanks for his letters 
of Jan. 3. Alexander Fyton s case with the Dowager Countess of 
Sussex. Has never bought the bills of any in Her Majesty's pay. 


41. Patrick Lumbarde to his wife. Has ended his business in 
Spain and Portugal. Some English dead of the plague. Three great 
ships of 130 tons a-piece with 80 great pieces, 300 calivers, and 600 
men to each, ready to join James Fitzmaurice with the first wind 
and then proceed directly to Ireland. To inform the Mayor of 
Waterford hereof but secretly. [Copy.'] 

42. Petition of Adam Loftus, the Archbishop of Dublin, to the 
Privy Council. Has remained in England 10 weeks. Mr. Garvey 
unwilling to be joined in commission with any Bishop, for passing 
faculties. Desires the Queen's letters to the Lord Justice and Council 
for erection of schools, repairing of churches, rinding able curates, and 
compelling noblemen and gentlemen to go to church. 



Feb. 22. 

Feb. 22. 



43. Privy Council to the Lord Justice Drury. To further the 
Archbishop of Dublin's zealous care for the pastoral charge in 
Ireland. The people to be trained in true religion and godliness. 
Without the repair of the churches both people and minister are 
unable to attend divine service. Contempt of religion the foundation 
of all the evil in Ireland. The commission for ecclesiastical causes 
of 10 Eliz. to be executed and not Garvey's. 

44. Treasurer Fyton to Burghley. The Baron of Dungannon 
again intends to marry O'Neiirs daughter. The Privy Council to 
write and warn him to be directed by the Lord Justice therein. 
Difficulty in the victualling matters. Will proceed with Drury on 
Tuesday to frame the mountains of Leinster, which have been so long 
savage " under our noses." Sir Barnaby and O'Carroll. Incloses, 

44. i. Book, of Treasurer Fyton of the issue of 5,OOOZ. appointed 
for the quarter ending at Christmas 1578. [Galled his First Book.~\ 

45. Articles of interrogatory to be ministered to the Earl of Clan- 

Feb. 23. 4G. Examination of the Earl of Clanrycard before Gilbert Gerrard 

Durham House. a nd Thomas Bromley, Attorney and Solicitor General. Richard 

M'Jonyns. Names of his servants with him at Galway. Casket, 

&c., delivered to Thomas M'John his foster brother. Shane M 'Brian. 

Intricate matters relative to the charges against him. 

Feb. 24. 47. Baron of Upper Ossory to Burghley. Her Majesty's gracious 
Dublin. accepting his service in killing Rory Oge. Burghley to be a good 
mean to Her Majesty to make the writer more able to serve. 

Feb. 25. 48. Privy Council to Lord Justice Drury to restrain Dr. Ackworth 
and Mr. Garvey from the exercise of the office of faculties, till Her 
Majesty's pleasure be further known. [Minute, with an indorsement 
of the names of a quorum] 

Feb. 25. 49. Considerations for Ireland by Lord Burghley. 

Feb 27. 50. Justice Nicholas Walshe to Lord Justice Drury. [Copy. See 
original, calendared in 1579, March 6, No. 2. I.] 

Feb. 28. 51. Lord Justice Drury to Secretary Walsyngham. Recommends 
Ferns. the suit of Mr. Davells for the reversion of the parsonage of Dun- 

Feb. 28. 52. Duplicate of the above. 

53. Summary of the whole proceedings in the cess matters up to 
the expiration of the four months compounded for in 1578/9, Jan. 31, 
upon which the country desires license to send agents into England. 

54. Statement of the losses to the amount of 2,255?. 2s. 6d 
annually, which the Queen would incur by accepting the proposals 
for the penny per day contribution. 

I 55. Memorandum of the Lord Justice of Ireland's requests. 
2. L 





56. Note of matters to be solicited of Walsyngham for the Lord 
Justice. Officers to his band. Thanks to the Earl of Kildare for 
the good offices in the composition for cess. Pay of victualling 
money grown in the late Deputy's time. To bar the Mayor of 
Waterford from suits not recommended. Pension to Captain 
Collier, Sir Henry Harrington. Mr. Davells to have the reversion 
of the parsonage of Dungarvan. A letter of comfort to old Justice 
Plunket. Officers to be chosen by the Lord Justice. 

Voi. LXVI. 1579. MARCH MAY. 

March 4. 1. Lord Chancellor William Gerrarde to Walsyngham. Thanks for 
Dublin. the license to go into Wales. He is partly recovered. Wishes the 
Justices to travel itinerant circuits. The Chief Justice so imperfect 
in sight as uneth can he at table see his meat. Myagh, the second 
Justice in Munster, a bad servitor and to be superseded. Want of 
justice to an Englishman. Warning against Chaloner's notes as to 
cess. Gerrarde intends to travel in circuit to Drogheda, Louth, Meath, 
Westmeath, Longford, and Offaly. Matthias de Monte hath travailed 
with Turlough Lynagh to absent himself from the Governor. 

March 6. 2. Lord Justice to same. Advertisements that James Fitzmaurice 
Waterford. has taken the seas. The Queen's ship repairing. Drury has visited 

Hugh M'Shane in his fastness. Sessions and execution at Wexford. 

The Byrnes and Tooles shired. Has " erected a newe countie 

of Femes." Incloses, 

2. i. Justice Nicholas Walshe to Lord Justice Drury. Arrival 
of a bark from Bilboa. James Fitzmaurice, with his wife, 
daughters, and about 50 Spaniards, met with in a Spanish bark of 
60 tons. He was to meet at the Groin ivith a ship 0/400 tons, having 
commission to take all English and Huguenots. A Queen's ship 
should be sent to take him. Feb. 27, Kinsale. 

March 7. 3. Treasurer Fyton to Burghley. Two new counties erected, viz., 

Waterford. Wicklow and Ferns. The county of Wexford altered. The Brenny 

never yet had a Sheriff. The Lord Justice Drury has sent a copy of 

the proceedings to his servant Colman to show to his Lordship and 

to Secretary Walsyngham. 

[March 7.] Map of the newly made counties of Wicklow and Ferns. 
[Irish Maps, Vol. L, No. 2.] 

March 8. 4. Earl of Clanrycard's declaration of many important services 
done by him since 3 Edw. VI. He killed two of the Earl of Argyle's 
cousins ; and executed his own son, his brother's son, his cousin's 
son, a captain of galloglas, and fifty of his own followers. 

March 10. 5. Earl of Clanrycard to the Queen. Never procured his sons to 
rebel or practised with foreign powers against Her Majesty. He 
leaves his life, state, and all he has to her. 


1579. oL - LXVL 

March 10. 6. Earl of Clanrycard to the Privy Council. Thanks for their 
honourable dealing at his being before them yesterday. His English 
tongue would not serve him to use any large discourse of his dutiful 
meaning towards Her Majesty. Beseeches them to deliver the 
inclosed letter to Her Highness. 

March 14. 7. The Queen to the Lord Justice, that Ackworth and Garvey be 
restrained from the execution of their commission of faculties. [Copy.] 

March 14. 8. Draft of the above. With memoranda, on the back, of matters 
to be propounded in Council. Mr. Fullarton, the Scottish agent's, 
request, &c. 

March 18. 9. N. White, the Master of the Rolls, to Walsyngham. Desires 
to purge himself and to be restored to Her Majesty's favour. 

March 28. 10. Adam Loftus, Archbishop of Dublin, to same. The reason 
why the Lord Justice and he did let a lease of the manor of 
the Bective to Alexander Fyton and his wife. Malignity of the 
Countess Dowager of Sussex against her daughter, now Fyton's 
wife, through the persuasion of her servant Cole. 

March 28. 11. Proclamation by the Lord Justice Drury, prohibiting the 
Limerick, wearing of arms, excepting the sword, dagger, and skein. Also 
against those who, not regarding comeliness and decency, continue 
the custom of Irish apparel. 

March 30. 12. Lord Justice Drury to Burghley. The landing of James 
Limerick. Fitzmaurice to be daily looked for. They are wholly destitute of 
money, victual, and munition. Has hired a ship and a bark to 
look out for the rebel. The Lord Roche's son has received letters 
from James Fitzmaurice. Earl of Thomond's brother, Turlough, 
committed. Seneschal of Imokilly. Desmond's professions. Earl 
of Clancarr. Clanrycard's sons. Sir N. Malbie and Roger 
Maynwaringe to be sent. Bearer Thomas Maria Wyngfelde recom- 

March 30. 13. Same to Walsyngham. The rebels like to land at Sligo, where 
Limerick, they are assured of the assistance of John Burke and others of 
Connaught and Ulster. 

[March 30.] 14. Same to the Privy Council. James Fitzmaurice. Dungannon 
has taken Turlough Lynagh's daughter and sent away his wife. 
Turlough hath given another of his daughters to Sorley Boy's son. 
The title which James Fitmaurice takes abroad of Earl of Desmond 
will make Desmond hate the rebel. Incloses, 

14. i. Declaration of James Pagan and Leonard Button, mer- 
chants. Two Romish Bishops, viz., Conoghour O'Mulrian and 
Donough Oge O'Qallagher, with 300 soldiers and Stucley's well 
appointed ship, at Lisbon. James Fitzmaurice with 7 shallops in 
Biscay. William Roche, that kept the ordnance in Castlemaing t 
and James Den, are the pilots. The Pope bears all the charges. 
Dr. Saunders attends on James, commanded by the Pope. 

1578/9, Mar. 23, Limerick. 
L 2 



__ VOL. LXVI. 


March 31. 15. The Queen to Lord Justice Drury. Good acceptation of 
Westminster. Sydney's painful travail. Drury being in Her Majesty's good liking 
is chosen to succeed him as Lord Justice. The orders now sent have 
been set down .after long debate and consultation of the Privy 
Council. A great defalcation of expenses in the establishment now 
sent. [Copy.} 

March 31. 16. Establishment for Ireland, being, men, 1,211 ; money, 
21,119. 18s. 7|(Z. Irish; and for extraordinary charges, 
2,6672. 3s. llf<i, as Her Majesty hath under her hand set down. 

March 31. 17. Orders to be observed by the Lord Justice, Council, and 
others, for the due execution of the establishment hereunto annexed, 
signed by Her Majesty with the advice of her Privy Council. The 
principal officers that have men in pay to show them at the musters. 
The army to be paid monthly. Sterling pay to cease. The Lord 
Justice to reside at Philipstown and Maryborough two months in 
the year. Concordatums. Connaught. Final resolution for the 
matters of cess. These instructions and the others dated 
29 May 1578, together with orders now subscribed by the Privy 
Council, shall be read quarterly at the Council Board. [Copy.} 

18. Opinion of Sir Walter Mildmay and others appointed in com- 
mission to consider the six articles concerning the revenues delivered 
by the Privy Council to the officers in Ireland, and of the answers 
made to the same. [Copy, which, with the three preceding copies 
and one of 1578, May 29, is authenticated by Walsyngham, and 
indorsed by Drury and Burghley.} 

19. The Queen to Drury. [Minute.} 

March 31. 20. Establishment for Ireland. [Copy, in which the March is 
crossed out and May inserted} 

March 31. 21. Brief of the establishment, to begin the 1st of June. 

22. Opinion of Sir W. Mildmay, &c. 

23. Order of the Privy Council in England on the matter of the 


24. Petition of the Vicars Choral of St. Patrick's, Cashel, to the 
Privy Council, to further their petition to the Queen to be newly 
incorporated, and to have of her grant all their possessions, &c., with 
license to purchase land to the value of 101. per annum. With 
certificate of the opinion of Sir H. Sydney and Thomas Snagg, the 
Attorney General of Ireland. 

25. Declaration of the issue of 4,000?. for the quarter, 1st Jan. to 
31st March 1579. Indorsed " Sir Edw. Fyton's Second Book." 

26. Interrogatories to be ministered to Thomas Mandvill or 
Bonvil, pilot of the ship lately arrived at Kinsale from Biscay, with 
reference to the movements of James Fitzmaurice. Signed by Sir 
W. Drury. 


1579. - LXVL 

27. Discourse of the whole proceedings of Alexander Fitton from 
his first acquaintance with the Lady Dowager of Sussex, showing her 
intolerable rage at his marriage, entitled " The case of the Bective 
in equity/' 

April 7. 28. Jo. de Burgo, Clanrycard's son, to Lord Justice Drury. His 
absence from Limerick occasioned for lack of any friend in whom he 
could trust to deal for him with his Lordship. Mr. Davells will say 
how he will come. 

April 8. 29. Privy Council to same. The establishment and instruc- 
tions now sent not to be exceeded. Victualling. 50 horse and 
100 foot to be assigned for effecting Capt. Pers's plot. Drury to 
repair northward, and favour the Irish who have subscribed Pers's 
petitions. Order for the controversy between O'Donnell and O'Conor 
Sligo. The disorders between Upper Ossoiy and Kilkenny. The 
new counties of Wicklow and Ferns. Lands to be allotted to the 
O'Mores and O'Conors. To send over the bills carried away by 
Chancellor Gerrarde. A survey to be made of the lands, &c., still 
in the possession of the Vicars Choral of St. Patrick's at Cashel. 
To " impedite " the match between Dungannon and Turlough 
Lynagh's daughter. Assurance of Owen M'Donogh in his manor of 
Kanturk and lordship of Dowally [qy. Duhallow]. Recommend 
George Bourchier, uncle to the Earl of Bath. [Minute.] 

April 9. 30. Notes delivered to "your Honours" by Nicholas White, the 
Master of the Rolls, showing on how slight grounds, and contrary 
to equity, Snagg had exhibited the information against him. The 
causes of the delay in making the estreats. 

31. Commendam granted by the Queen to James Procter, clerk, 
Canon Residentiary of Sarum, Bishop elect of Ferns. [Draft.] 

April 13. 32. Arrearages of Captain Pers. Extract under Jenyson's 

33. Petition of Captain William Pers to the Privy Council. 
Prays to be released of the surcharges set upon him by the 

34. Draft of the above petition. 

April 13. 35. Instructions to be annexed to the commission for faculties in 
Ireland to the Archbishop of Dublin and R. Garvey. [Draft] 

April 13. 36. Minute of the above. 

April 17. 37. Petitions of Thomas Might, late Victualler, with the losses 
for which he desires allowance, certified by Jenyson. 

April 18. 38. Sir Edw. Fyton to Walsyngham. Clanrycard's sons. Seven 

Dublin, of O'Carroll's men hanged at his door, and four of the Baron of 

Upper Ossory's hanged at his gates. Rory Oge O'More's brother, 

who said him mass in the wood all his rebellion, taken. The humour 





April 18. 

April 18. 

in Drury 's leg causes him to take diet. The matches in the 
North. The Lord Justice's shoes are made of running leather. 

38. i. Articles of the petition exhibited to the Lord Justice by 
Brian Maisy, Lieutenant to Captain Fisher, complaining of non- 
payment of the band, with answers by the Lord Treasurer's clerk. 

April 17. 

39. Lord Justice Drury to Walsyngham. The bearer stayed for 
wind. Letters in behalf of Mr. Stanley and George Cowley. Sir 
Henry Cowley is alive and well. The assistance and service of the 
Master of the Rolls much needed. Matthias de Monte Hermoso is 
set at liberty with comfortable speeches. The Vicar of Chesterton 
not to be molested for non-residence. Incloses, 

39. i. Submission of Ulick Burke to the Lord Justice Drury, 
having too long expected the conformity of his brother John. 

April 6, 'Carroll's House. 

39. ii. Notes to question Ulick Burke, with his answers. Letters 
to John Burke from, beyond seas six weeks ago. Could not persuade 
John to submit. None in Connaught will practise against the 
State, but O'Rourke and 0' Conor Roe. Combination between 
John, Turlough O'Brien, and Mahon M'enAspick O'Brien, to do 
what hurt they can. Ulick is willing to serve against his brother 
John at the Lord Justice's direction. 

39. in. Articles to question John Burke, with his answers at a 
subsequent date. April 6. 

39. IV. The humble and penitent submission of John Burke, 
without protection or promise of any man. April 1 0. 

39. v. John de Burgo to Lord Justice Drury. Desires his letter 
to the Mayor of Galway that he and his may be suffered to do their 
business without trouble. April ] 1. 

40. Lord Chancellor Gerrarde to Walsyngham. He has served 
neither corruptly nor negligently. He will not return freighted 
with the treasure of this land nor better ability to live. Great 
benefit of the Earl of Leicester's plain writing. Treasurer Fyton by 
his patent hath but 10 horse and 13 foot and yet taketh allowance 
of 20 horse and 20 foot. The practises to hinder the composition of 

41. Same to same. Gerrarde would almost as willingly go to his 
grave, as depart before seeing the resolutions expected. The good 
allowance of the late circuiting journies abused. The Auditor has 
some taste of Gerrarde's writing. Dr. Hector. 

April 18. 42. Lord Chamberlain and Secretary Walsyngham to the Lord 
Court at Justice and Council. Have received Chancellor Gerrarde's certifi- 
Westmmster. ca ^ e Q ^ e ma ^^ er between the Countess Dowager of Sussex and 
Alexander and Elizabeth Fyton. [Minute.'} Inclose, 





42. I. Order set down by the Lord Chamberlain Sussex and Sir 
Francis Walsyngham in the controversy between the Lady Anne 
Countess Dowager of Sussex, and Alexander Fyton and his wife. 
[Minute.] April 8. 

43. The Queen to [the Governor or Chancellor of Ireland] for 
payment to the Countess Dowager of Sussex of the arrearages of 
the Bective. 

April 25. 44. Note of the government and state of Connaught and Munster. 
45. The effect of the orders to be signified for Connaught. 

April 25. 46. Allegations by Mr. Attorney Snagg against N. White, Esq. 
Answers to the same. 

April 25. 47. A similar paper. 

[April 25.] 48. Notes to be remembered to Mr. Secretary Walsyngham of 
the services of Nicholas White. 

April 28. 49. Arrearages of William Pers, late Constable of Carrickfergus, 
showing that he is justly charged with 376Z. 18s. lid Irish, and 
unjustly with 474?. 18s. 8d. under the hands of Sir Walter Mildmay 
and Jenyson. 

April 29. 50. Lord Justice Drury to Walsyngham. The Earl of Desmond's 
Dublin. thankfulness for Her Majesty's favour. Incloses, 

50. i. Earl of Desmond to Lord Justice Drury. The deposition 
of Pierre Gance, of St. Malo. James Fitzmaurice desired that he 
would attend on him into Ireland. He had 300 men and several 
ships well furnished. Bartholomew Oryshawe, of Bordeaux, affirms 
that James bought many calivers. Shighan has brought Desmond 
comfortable letters from the Queen and Council. 

April 20, Dingle. 

50. ii. O'Donnell to the Lord Deputy. Turlough Lynagh has 
brought Scots into Tirconnell, and taken 3,000 kine out of 
O'Dogherty's country. When he came to the field he found that 
Con O'Donnell, Art M'Baron, and most of the galloglasses of the 
M'Donnell's, were in O'Neill's company. O'Neill condescended to 
take O'DonnelVs wages, if it were but 4cZ. sterling, so as he would 
resist all Englishmen. 

April 30. 51. Lord Justice Drury to Walsyngham. The care he takes in 
Dublin. his charge. Incloses, 

51. i. Examination of Thomas Monvell, of Kinsale. James 
Fitzmaurice is bound to the coast of Galicia, to meet with a ship 
presented to him by the Pope. James intends to execute letters of 
marque upon all Protestants and Huguenots. April 30, Dublin. 

April 30. 52. Lord Justice Drury to Walsyngham. To take his often and 
Dublin. hasty scribbles in good part. Incloses, 




May 1. 


May 8. 

May 12. 


52. i. Examination of Dominick Creaghe, of Limerick. James 
Fitzmaurice at Alaredo [Laredo] in Biscay. He has 300 soldiers, 
paid tivo months in advance. His meaning to land at the quay of 
Limerick. His store of 6,000 calivers, and a mass of piclcaxes, 
shovels^ and tools. $/iips. April 22, Limerick. 

53. The Lord Chancellor Gerrarde's memorial for Mr. Waterhous 
for his private suits. He desires the surveyorship of the Court of 

54. Philip Sega, Bishop of Piacenza, the Pope's Nuncio, to James 
Fitzmaurice. Has received his letters of April 10. Has instructed 
Dominus Alexander Frumentus, the Papal Nuncio at Lisbon, to beg 
of the King of Portugal a ship well armed and provisioned to aid 
James Fitzmaurice. Should any delay arise he will send the ship 
after him. The Bishop will take great care of his sons. Latin. 
[Received-the YJth of May 1579.] 

55. Memorandum of the remain of the Earl of Essex's Irish 
debts, docquets under Fyton's hand received, &c. 

56. Lord Justice Drury to the Privy Council. Piracy com- 
mitted on two Bretons by Alexander Vailes, of Aldborough, in 
Suffolk, who has also spoiled an honest merchant of Drogheda, and 
is gone now to Milford. Incloses, 

56. i. Mayor and Sheriffs of Waterford to Lord Justice Drury. 
The Jacques of Polly gyn, near Nantes, laden with Anjou wines, 
taken from the Master Peter Legalle and John Lybergye, merchant. 

May 4, Waterford. 

57. Memorandum of allowance for 1,000 soldiers for 30 days and 
for oats for 300 horses. 

58. Owen Moore to Walsyngham for payment of his warrants to 
Auditor Jenyson and Mr. Francis Mylles. 

59. Lord of Upper Ossory to Walsyngham. Thanks for his 
mediation with the Earl of Ormond. To further the causes which 
his factor William Kelly follows. 

60. Edward Waterhous to same. Munster is in all parts quiet. 
Desmond mislikes the traitor's attempt. Drury will place the 
O'Mores and O'Conors on some lands. The bearer, Sir Henry Har- 
rington, hath brought Feagh M'Hugh O 'Byrne, the worst man in 
the world to be a suitor, and to answer by law the challenges out of 
his country. Harrington's band well ordered. 

61. Chancellor Gerrarde to same. Colman arrived with the 
orders. Gerrarde will stay till August. Want of Chief Justices, 
especially in the Common Pleas. The patent and sword delivered 
again to the Lord Justice. 

[May 31.] 62. Warrant to the Lord Justice and Chancellor of Ireland, for 
Bartholomew Talbot to be restored to the office of Protonotary of the 
Common Pleas, instead of Robert Byce. 

May 12. 

May 13. 


May 23. 


May 23. 


May 24. 




May 31. 

May 31. 


May 31. 


May 31. 


May 31, 

May 31. 



63. Lord Justice and Council to the Privy Council. Have 
received Her Majesty's establishment, the orders annexed, the 
Council's letters, opinions of the means to recover arrearages, and 
the absolute determination for victualling the garrison. The cess 
agents refused to deal in the country's causes and committed. Kil- 
dare's honourable travel. The Lords will levy 2,000?. to the last of 
May 1580, for the victualling. The bearer Lodowick Bryskett, 
Clerk of the Council, recommended. The Handmaid has effectually 
protected the coasts from piracy. 

64. Lord Justice to Walsyngham. Has lately received 10 letters 
from Walsyngham. Advice for a perfect amity between him, Gerrarde, 
Malbie, and Waterhous. The enterprise of the Ardes deferred till 
the coming of old Captain Pers. Bryskett, who has lost his mother, 
to have encouragement. 

65. Treasurer Fyfcon to same. Keceived Walsyngham's two 
letters. His honesty touched by such as are very honest. Simple 
is the office that is free from evil tongues. O'Reilly's country to be 
shired, where never writ was current, and almost sacrilege for any 
Governor to look in. 

66. Edward Waterhous to same. Drury and Gerrarde pacified 
by Walsyngham's persuasion and the Earl of Leycester's name. 
Details of the contempts, committals, and offers for the matters of 
cess. Earl of Kildare's wise speech. Contribution of 2,000. per 
annum to be raised on the shires. The captains will victual their 
own companies. Gassing of soldiers. Captain Collier to be con- 
sidered. The Lord Justice straightened by the new establishment. 
Disorder committed by Dungannon upon O'Reilly. The High Com- 
mission to assemble at Drogheda. The Chancellor and Archbishop 
are very good instruments to further the Reformation in Ireland. 
Advantage expected if Mr. Drew Drury should come. The Knight 
Marshal Bagenall to be helped out of the compositions of Magennis 
and M'Mahon. 

67. Sir Nicholas Malbie to Burghley. Cess. Malbie's own 
officers and soldiers have behaved ill in his absence, but his province 
is firm and dutiful. Necessity of dealing strictly with Clanrycard. 

68. Same to Walsyngham. Cess. Robert Fowle, who had the 
leading of Malbie's horse, has negligently lost Her Majesty's two 
pinnaces and made war on John Burke without commission. The 
new establishment does not allow to Drury a lieutenant, standard 
bearer, or trumpet. A Scottish captain and 36 of his men maintained 
by O'Rourke slain. Dealings with Treasurer Fyton, his doings are 
not hidden. Three pirates, laden with spices, wines, and sugars, 
report James Fitzmaurice's preparation to the sea. 




June 1. 1. Sir Nicholas Bagenall to Walsynghain. His entertainment 

Dublin. greatly abridged by the last resolutions. His charge in Ulster costs 
him 500?. yearly. His furtherance of the service has saved Her 
Majesty 10,000?. The commodity of the Newry. Walls. 

June 1. 2. Form of Eecognizance to be entered into by the county of 
Meath for payment of 420?. towards the victualling of the soldier. 

June 6. 3. Captain William Pers the younger to Walsyngham. The Lord 
Dublin. Justice stayeth for the coming of old Captain Pers for resolution on 

the enterprise of the Ardes. The writer after 24 years' travail 

reduced again to a poor soldier. 

June 14. 4. Walsyngham to Lord Justice Drury. Order taken in the 
enlarging of the Earl of Clanrycard. Her Majesty brought with 
difficulty to yield to that degree of favour. Care that he may enjoy 
his living, and his tenants be defended from spoil. Favour to the 
Earl of Ormond. Drew Drury to depart with Lady Drury. King 
of Portugal hath given over James Fitzmaurice. [Draft.] 

5. Submission of the Earl of Clanrycard to the Queen. Acknow- 
ledges himself an unlawful comforter of his sons and prays to be 

[June 1 4.J 6. Privy Council to the Lord Justice. Clanrycard. To examine 
if the country can at present pay the contribution to re-edify 
Athenry. Inclose, 

6. i. Submission of the Earl of Clanrycard to Queen Elizabeth. 
[Draft, with corrections by J3urghley.~] 

6. n. Recognizance of the Earl of Clanrycard in 20,000 marks. 
He will be forthcoming, and will not depart the City of London, or 
three miles about it, without license. [Draft"] 

[June 14.] 7. Extract of matters touching the Earl of Clanrycard's sons and 
the burning of Athenry. 

[June 14.] 8. Note by Burghley touching the Earl of Clanrycard. 

June 17. 9. Edward Waterhous to Walsyngham. Mr. Pipho will visit Sir 
Kilmainham. Thomas Walsyngham. Pipho is related to Walsyngham by his mother 
Lady Travers. The Brenny and Annaly shired. O'Reilly's speech 
in English and Latin. Three Barons of Austria, present, wondered 
at the attire and behaviour of the Irish horsemen. O'Reilly knighted 
and to be made a Baron. T. Lynagh to raise to the Queen 3,000?. 
per annum out of Ulster. A commission for casualties. 

10. A discovery of the deceiving of Her Majesty in her revenue 
of Ireland, and how it may be remedied, with an offer by Water- 
hous to take on him the service of collecting it. 

June 21. 11. Chancellor Gerrarde to Walsynghain. Travel to settle order 
Dublin. for Mr. Waterhous to preserve the casualties to the Queen. The 




June 26. 


June 20. 
June 26. 


June 28. 


Auditor, in show, has made Her Majesty's debts great, they will not 
so fall out. 

12. Lord Justice Drury to same. Reception of the Barons Gon- 
derstdorff, Kolmennyche, and Kolyn. Patrick Barnewall made their 
companion. O'Reilly with 30 horse came unlocked for to present a 
supplication. He is knighted. The Austrians astonished by those 
savage personages weaving glibbs, armed in mail, " with pesantses 
and skulls, and riding upon pillions." Rory O'Ferrall and eight 
offenders executed. Incloses, 

12. i. Submissions and petitions of O'Reilly, his brothers, sons, 
and followers, to the Lord Justice. The country to be shired. 
Commissioners to redress preys. Justices to hold sessions at the 
Brenny. Latin. June 6, Kells. 

13. Drury to Walsynham. \Copy.~\ 

14. Turlough Lynagh O'Neill to the Lord Justice Drury. The 
offer he formerly sent by Thomas Flemyng to pay 3,000?. annually 
for Ulster must be after the Irish custom, as his counsellors show 
him that he can scarcely pay such a sum. Latin. 

15. Account of petitions of suitors for money due till Michaelmas 
last 1578, with what is since paid and what remains due, being 
12,002?. 3s. 2d. with a further demand of 2,244Z. 14s. lid. 

June 30. 16. Brief of the charges in Ireland for three quarters of a year. 

1 7. Memorandum of money paid to Richard Maisterson and the 
captains of his band, and also of the remain due. 

18. Brief of the Instructions brought by the Lord Chancellor 
Gerrarde, with the proceedings thereon answered and signed by the 
Lord Justice and Chancellor. 

19. Note of footmen and horsemen in Ireland. 

July 1 . 20. True note of Mr. Treasurer Fy ton's estate, for such money as 
he has gained or saved by his service in Ireland these 10 years past. 
[Copy certified by R. Colman, attesting that Fyton's hand was put 
to the original not long before his death.] 

July 4. 21. O'Neill's offers. He to be President of Ulster. To be created 
Earl of Armagh and Baron of the Benburbe. His son Art to be 
Baron either of Shraghbane [Strabane], or the Newtown. The 
extent of Tyrone to be adjoined to his earldom. To have a perpetual 
protection during life. Under the hand of Thomas Flemyng of 
Syddan, gent. 

July 5. 22. Chancellor Gerrarde to Walsyngham. Approves the instruc- 
Dubiin. tions, establishment, and orders brought by Colman. Mr. Water- 
hous to have some higher title than Clerk of the Casualties. The 
disease of this country caught the Lord Justice, Treasurer, and 
Chief Baron, and within three days after Gerrarde. The Treasurer 
Fy ton dead. Gerrarde's fears. Nicholas Nugent to be Chief Justice of 
the Common Pleas. Sir Thomas Shirley. The bearer Richard Colman 
to have the Remembrancer's office from Roger Maynwaringe. 


July 5. 


July 5. 


July 6. 



23. Earl of Kildare to Walsyngharn. Recommends Nicholas 
Nugent, Second Baron in the Exchequer, as sober, learned, and of 
good ability for the office of Chief Justice of Common Pleas. 

24. Captain William Pears, the younger, to same. Drury well 
bent towards the enterprise of the Ardes, but delays. Con M'Neill 
Oge with 200 Scots entered the Ardes on 28th June ; they took a 
prey of 500 kine. Entertainment. 

25. Sir W. Drury to Burghley and same. Can very ill spare 
his secretary, the bearer Colman. The journeys to the Brenny 
and Annaly bred the disease of the country in Drury, Mr. Treasurer 
and the Chief Baron, and hath brought Mr. Treasurer this night to 
his end. Fy ton's temperance, judgment, and ability to speak in 
Her Majesty's causes. Considerations for his successor. 

July 6. 26. Copy or draft of the above. 

July 7. 27. Drury to Walsyngham. Colman's long service in Scotland 
Dublin. and France. Colrnan to have Maynwaringe's office. Drury desires 
to taste Her Majesty's bounty. He is worse in health and wealth. 

July 7. 28. Edward "VVaterhous to same. Connaught at Malbie's devo- 
Dublin. tion. Good amity among the men of war. Drury is reckoned a 
true gentleman both by the long robe and short. The country 
wrangle respecting the contribution. Mores, Tooles, Byrnes, 
O'Conors, Kavanaghs, &c., will go in the journey to Ulster. 
Drury encourages him that doeth well but the ill doers he terrifies. 

[July 13.] 29. Declaration of the issue of 5,000?. sent in May by the appoint- 
ment of the late Treasurer Fyton. 

July 16. 30. Sir Owen O'Sulyvan to Mr. Moris Roche, Mayor of Cork, 
Berehaven. and Mr. John Myagh, Justice. A pinnace with six fishers taken 
on the 14th in Dursey Sound, by six ships well appointed. James 
Fitzmaurice sent one of these fishers bidding O'Sullivan to go and 
speak with him. All O'Sullivan's cattle a seabord, being fled from 
McCarthy More. [Sent to Mr. Davell's in a letter, to be sent to Drury.] 

July 1.7. 31. E. R. to Richard Glaskocke, merchant in London. Prepara- 
Venice. tion of a ship at Naples for the invasion of England. " There is one 
dockter Sander and one Sour Jeames Mackmooryes, an Eyryshe 
knyght, that be the pracktissers of this good interprysse." The King 
of Spain will not deal in the matter, but cannot withhold the pretence 
of the Holy Father and the Biscayans. Pretence of the King of 
France's brother to take the frontiers of Flanders and make England 

[July 1 ?] 32. James Fitzmaurice to the Earl of Desmond. He exhorts him 
in the strongest manner to join the rebellion. [It would seem 
that this florid composition was penned by Dr. Sanders in haste ; 
he flies into the person of James himself in the middle.] 

33. Same to the Earl of Kildare. Earnest exhortation to join in 
the rebellion against Queen Elizabeth. 




July 21. 


July 21. 


July 22. 



34. James Fitzmaurice to Alexander Kittaglie M'Donnell, his friend 
and companion. Prays him to come accompanied with as many as 
he can to take part in the rebellion. He will see them all well 
answered of their wages. He will recompense Kittaglie for the pains 
formerly taken by him. Irish. [This document is without date.] 

35. Saire to Ustun M'Donnell. Requires him to come with as 
many galloglas as he can. James will see them well answered of 
their wages. Irish. [Without date.] 

36. Same to his well beloved companion Ranall M'Colla, desiring 
him to bring as many men of war as he can to further this rebellion, 
and that they shall be all satisfied of their wages to their own 
contentation. Irish. 

37. to James Fitzmaurice the traitor. To return with 
speed into Ireland with such aid as he can get. James to do the 
commendations of the writer's master to the French King. Irish. 
[The date of this letter is perhaps a year earlier than 1579 July 18, 
when James Fitzmaurice landed, but in the absence of good 
evidence, it may as well stand here] 

38. Patrick Walshe to the Privy Council. Sir Owen O'Sullivan 
and Andrew Martin, Constable of Castlemayne, have signified that 
James Fitzmaurice landed at the Dingle the 18th of July. 

39. Mr. Henry Guldeforde to Walsyngham. Ccimaught stored 
with grain and cattle. The people, well inclined to obedience and law, 
leave their savage living in the woods. Deadly malice between Clan- 
rycard's sons. Sessions at Galway attended by M 'William Eighter, 
O'Rourke, Sir Morrough Ne Doe O'Flaherty, and the O'Kellys. The 
Earl of Thomond having murdered a gentleman, servant of his, sent 
his Countess to entreat Sir Nicholas Malbie for a protection. 

40. Lord Justice Drury and Council to the Privy Council. The 
rebel arrived with his wife and children. Strong combination with 
the Scots and Irish of the North. Want. 200 horse and 400 foot. 
The captains of the new soldiers to be nominated by Drury. 

40. i. Earl of Desmond to the Lord Justice. He is ready with 
all his to venture his life in Her Majesty's quarrel. Requires 
advice. [Original.] July 19, Cullen. Incloses, 

40. ir. The Portreeve, &c. of Dingle to the Earl of Desmond. 
Arrival of six Spanish ships very late in the afternoon. They 
went with a pinnace, well appointed, to know what they were. They 
talked with and knew some of the mariners that were Spaniards, 
who would by no means let them come aboard. No d*>ubt of its 
being James Fitzmaurice. July 17, Dingle. 

40. in. Andrew Martin to the Lord Deputy [sic]. James Fitz- 
maurice has landed, and taken prisoners some of the best in the 
Dingle. Small provision in Castlemain. Martin at the courtesy 
of Desmond and Clancarr for flesh. [Original.'] 

July 18, Castlemange. 




July 22. 

July 23. 


July 23. 


July 23. 


40. iv. Maurice Roche, Mayor, and Andrew Skyddye to the 
Lord Justice. Justice Myagh and the Marshal gone to the West. 

July 19, Cork. Inclose, 

40. V. Andrew Martin, Constable of Castlemain, to the Council 
of the province of Munster. James M'Morris landed at Dingle 
this present day, to annoy Her Majesty's subjects. 

July 18, Castle Maynge [Castlemain']. 

40. vi. Sir Owen O'Sulyvan to Mr. M. Roche, Mayor of Cork, 
and Justice Myagh. Fishers taken in Dursey Sound by James 
Fitzmaurice. July 16, Berehaven. 

40. vn. Arthur Carter to the Lord Justice. News. Will raise 
the country, and draw towards the coast. A tall ship in the river 
of Limerick. James Fitzmaurice's wife and children. Seven other 
ships off Skelligs. Powder. July 20, Cork. 

40. vni. Piers Walshe, Mayor, to same. James Fitzmaurice. 

July 21, Waterford. 

40. IX. Lord Justice and Council to Earl of Desmond. Com- 
mend his loyalty, care, and diligence. They are making prepara- 
tion to assist him. The bearer, John Gilson. July 22, Dublin. 

40. x. Same to the Earl of Clancar. To arm and unite with 
Desmond against the rebel. July 22, Dublin. 

40. xi. The like to the Lords Barry, Roche, Fitzmaurice, and 

41. James Golde to the Mayor of Limerick. The traitor upon 
Saturday last came out of his ship. Two friars bearing ensigns, and 
a bishop with a crozier staff and his mitre, preceded James Fitz- 
maurice. He has two vessels of 60 tons and four barks. He 
makes fires on the high hills and looks for more ships. The writer 
intends to beat him out of his fort to-morrow. 

42. Lord Deputy and Council to the towns and cities, to have 
special regard to their defence, and both daily and nightly to be 
upon their keeping. 

43. Lord Justice and Council to the Privy Council. More letters 
from Desmond. Ten ships. They have burnt the Dingle, begin to 
fortify, and look for more aid. Drury will defer no time for his 
departure. More ships on the coast. Inclose, 

43. i. Earl of Desmond, Archbishop of Cashel,and William Apsley, 
to Lord Justice Drury. On Saturday the rebel burned the Dingle, 
spoiled all Desmond's tenants, and doth spare none of Her Ma- 
jesty's subjects. Desmond having all his force, hopes, with the hand 
of God, to expel this traitor. July 20, White's town. 

44. Lord Justice to the Privy Council. Kildare's willingness to 
serve Her Majesty in this action. Her Majesty's gracious letter to 
be sent to him. 



July 23. 


July 24. 



45. Edward Waterhous to Walsyngham. Advises that the 
munition be sent from Bristol to Waterford. Bland can tell how to 
victual the men. Young Mr. Fyton thinketh himself wronged 
that his father's office goeth not by inheritance. Mr. Drew Drury 
arrived in Lady Drury 's company July 20. 

46. Same to same. Friars practise with O'Rourke, O'Donnell, 
Turlough Lynagh, and the Scots. John Burke. The care of Cork 
committed to Sir Warhame Sentleger and the Mayor. There is 
not 500?. to be borrowed. 

July 24. 47. Commission given by the Justice find Council to Sir Humfrey 
Dublin Castle. Gylberte to take up ships and prosecute James Fitzmaurice. 

July 24. 48. Instructions by the Justice and Council to same, for the 
prosecution by sea of James Fitzmaurice and his rebellious navy. 
He shall make his authority known to the Commissioners of Mun- 
ster, viz., Walshe, Meagh, Davells, and Carter. To leave intelligence 
for Captain Thornton and the other ships. 

July 24. 


July 24. 

July 24. 


July 25. 

July 25. 

49. Chancellor Gerrarde to Walsyngham. Money and munition. 
That godly wise gentleman Drew Drury, came hither in good time. 
Gerrarde's devotion to the Queen's cause. 

50. Sir Nicholas Malbie to same. Sir Henry Harrington intends 
to make suit in England for certain livings which Mr. Maisterson 
now hath. Maisterson is as honest, valiant, and of more continuance 
than the other, and worthy to have the preferment of his own, viz., 
the manor of Femes, Cloghaman, and the abbey of Femes. 

51. Same to same. Desires that the bearer may live with "Wal- 
syngham. He is the only legitimate son of M'William Eighter, an 
honest gentleman and faithful subject, who will allow him largely 
for his charges. 

52. Patrick Walshe, Mayor of "Waterford, to the Lord Justice 
Drury. Two of Mr. DavelTs men despatched in a bark of Ross to 
certify the Privy Council in England of the arrival of James Fitz- 
maurice. Preparation for defence. Powder. Incloses, 

52. i. Examinations of John Picot, of Jersey, and Francis 
Gyrard, of St. Malo. He was warned at St. Lucar, by a man of 
Brest, that M. De la Roche, with James Fitzmaurice, spoiled every 
man he met. Picot's mischance to be spoiled and beaten by them 
detailed. July 24, Waterford. 

53. Writ for a patent to Edward Waterhous to be Collector of the 
Casualties of Ireland. 

July 25. 54. Mr. Edward Fyton to Burghley. Edward Waterhous has 
Whitefriars, procured the Lord Justice to appoint him General Receiver, which 
in- office had been granted to him. The enemy dangerous. 

July 26. 


55. Same to Walsyngham. His father's accounts. 




July 26. 


July 26. 


July 27. 



56. Edward Waterhous to Walsyngham. Mr. Edward Fyton has 
the office of General Eeceiver. Sir Nicholas Malbie prepareth to meet 
the Lord Justice at Limerick with the force of Connaught. Sir N. 
Bagenall is sent to the North to settle his neighbours. Fleming is 
the traitor's Admiral, and Dr. Sanders, an English Papist, Treasurer. 
The English resolute and desirous to see the enemy. Ormond's 
people offer themselves very willingly. Incloses, 

56. i. Edw. Waterhous to Burgliley. The manner of his sur- 
render of the office of General Receiver, to his cousin Fyton. 

July 26, Dublin. 

57. Lord Justice Drury to the Privy Council. Receipt of their 
letters concerning the Earl of Clanrycard. Farrar the pursuivant 
detained unavoidably. Incloses, 

57. I. Articles to be answered as to the freeholders of Clanricard, 
the composition money, &c. 

57. ii. Answer of Sir Nicholas Malbie to the articles. Free- 
holders depend ivholly on Her Majesty. The compositions duly 
Her Majesty's. Redmond Burke, the Earl's brother, and Nicholas 
Lynche of Galway. Loughrea. Ulick, the Earl's heir. 

58. Lord Justice Drury to Burgliley. To stand stoutly to the 
helm. A great storm at hand. Drury will visit these guests with 
the adventure of his life. Favour to his wife and children. Con- 
sideration of his debts, which are great on account of the government. 

July 27. 59. Same to Walsyngham. Will prefer Her Majesty's honour to 

The Naas. life. The covenants for Dunce are signed and sealed. 

July 27. 60. Earl of Ormond to same. 

[Prob. Treasurer about his suit. 


Prays him to confer with the Lord 

61. Burghley to same. Mr. Wyngfeld doubteth to get convenient 
shipping at Bristol. Money to be paid to him. 

July 27. 


house near the 


July 28. 62. Warrant for Robert Gascoigne Postmaster of the Court, to 
Greenwich, demand the assistance of certain authorities in laying through posts 
between London and Holyhead for messengers and packets. 

July 28. 

July 28. 

July 28. 


The Queen to the Earl of Kildare. Commends his diligence in 
reducing those who were backward in the matter of cess, to con- 
formity. Desires his loyal service against James Fitzmaurice. 
[Dom. Eliz., Vol. XLV. } p. 81.] 

63. Chancellor Gerrarde to Walsyngham. Drury departed for 
Munster, July 27. Clanrycard and his sons. Gerrarde to have a 
portion of armour somewhat better than the common sort. 

64. Mr. W. Stanley to same, 
him the leading of 50 horsemen. 

The Lord Justice has bestowed on 



July 29. 



65. Commission from the Lord Justice Drury to all Vice- Admirals, 
Captains of the Queen's or other ships, to take the traitor's vessels 
and men into the nearest convenient harbour and there keep them. 

July 29. 66. Lord Justice Drury to Sir Humfrey Gylberte. Commission 
Kilkenny, to extend his powers against the traitor. 

July 29. 67. Burghley to Walsyngham. The bearer Eland's proportion 
Hackney, for victualling 1,000 men for one month. 1,000?. The numbers in 
Devonshire. Letters to the Mayor of Bristol and Thomas Chester. 

July 30. 68. Mr. Robert Petre to same. 200?., delivered to Mr. Bland. 
Westminster. 5 00?. appointed to Mr. Tremayne, &c. 

July 30. 69. Sir Henry Wallop to same. He is fearful to take upon him 
Farley. the office of Treasurer of Ireland. His want of experience of that 
country. Cannot make his present repair to Court for want of 
money. Requests some long time to settle his affairs. 

July 30. 70. Demands of Lord Justice- Drury presented by his servant 
Richard Colman. To have warrant dormant to repair in extre- 
mities to his native soil. If so be that the charge of the Treasurer's 
entertainment be continued, Drury wisheth that the man that shall 
be chosen be a man complete both for credit and counsel, and some- 
what to savour of the war, or " a swordeman at leaste." Warrant 
for three new Councillors. Transportation of grain. Drury to have 
present relief either by his suit for Dunnington, &c., or otherwise. 
John Prendergast or Thomas Cleer recommended for the bishoprick 
of Ferns. Turlough O'Neill. 

July 30. 71. Proportion of victual for 600 men to be embarked at Barns- 

July 31. 72. Lord Chancellor Gerrarde to "Walsyngham. Payment of 200?. 
Dublin. lent to the Lord Justice by the citizens of Dublin. The money to 
be bestowed upon armour. The carts to be brought over with the 

July 31. 73. Same to same. Clanrycard. Armour for Gerrarde and 20 
Dublin. followers, horsemen, The citizens of Dublin mustered 800 men but 
no acceptable armour. Incloses, 

73. i. Note of the yearly rent due to the Earl of Clanrycard out 
of his own manors and freeholds. [Mem. This is an interest- 
ing list of his possessions, with the rent in money of that day. 
The abbey of Aughrim is amongst them.] 

July 31. 74. Certificate of 787?. 10s. 7|d English, defrayed by the Master 
of the Ordnance for extraordinaries, under Jenyson's hand. 





Aug. 2. 


Aug. 3. 


Aug. 3. 


Aug. 3. 


Aug. 5. 


Will repair to Court on 

1. Sir Henry Wallop to Walsyngham. 
Tuesday night next. 

2. Edward Waterhous to same. This rebellion is the most 
perilous that ever was begun in Ireland. Foreign help in multi- 
tudes is looked for presently. Sir John of Desmond more dangerous 
than the rebel both for his credit and his bloody mind. Kildare 
dealeth honourably. Of 1,200 that were with Desmond not 60 left. 

Aug. 3. 3. Copy of part of the above. 

Aug. 5. 

Aug. 5. 
Aug. 5. 

Aug. 5. 

4. Edward Waterhous to Walsyngham. The messenger John 
Berrnyngham desires to adventure his life in this service. He is to 
be returned with speed. 

5. Notes collected out of Mr. Herbert's speeches of news he 
learned in the Earl of Desmond's camp. The Pope's Inquisitor and 
Dr. Sanders are gone back to Spain. James hath messengers from 
Thomond. Sir John hath a Bull from the Pope to maintain his 
rebellion and excommunication for all that depend on the Queen. 
De la Roche. 

6. Lord Justice and Earl of Kildare to the Privy Council. Sir 
John and Sir James of Desmond have burst into dangerous rebellion, 
beginning at the shameful murder of Henry Davells and the Provost 
Marshal of Munster. Speedy aid of men, money, and munition. 
James Fitzmaurice has practised with many foreign Princes. James 
Golde, Her Majesty's Attorney in Munster, commended. Kildare's 
great loyalty. Ormond and the young Lord Fitzgarret to be sent. 

7. Lord Chancellor Gerrarde and the Archbishop of Dublin to the 
same. A general combination suspected. Inclose, 

7. I. Justice James Dowdall to the Lord Chancellor. Turlough 
Lynagh in camp, with 2,000 foot and 500 horse, six miles below 
Armagh. Baron of Dungannon and Thomas Flemyng with 
Turlough Lynagh. Turlough Lynagh says that the late northern 
journey was intended upon him. Felim Reach's sons threatened. 
Sir J. Bedlow. Aug. 3, Dundalk. 

8. [Walsyngham] to Edmund Tremayne. News that James Fitz- 
maurice's force is not above 200 or 300 men. Little to be feared. 
No further provision of victual to be made. 

9. [Same] to Mr. Bland, to forbear going through with the whole 
provision of victual. 

10. [Same] to the Mayor of Bristol, praying him, in case Bland be 
gone, to open his letter and perform the contents. 

11. Edmund Tremayne to Burghley. Preparation of soldiers. 
Tremayne leaves for Barnstaple this night, to make provision. 



Aug. 5. 


Aug. 6. 

Aug. 6. 


Aug. G. 


Aug. 7. 

Aug. 7. 


Aug. 7. 

Aug. 8. 


Aug. 8. 

Aug. 9. 


Aug. 9. 


Aug. 9. 


12. Ambrose Fortlie to Walsyngham. Prefers his old suit. 
Dangerous state of Ireland. 

13. [Walsyngham] to the Mayor of Bristol and Mr. Thomas 
Chester. To stay the shipping of the victuals for Ireland. 

14. Sir Henry Wallop to Walsyngham. He is too ill to leave his 
chamber for two or three days. Walsyngham to write to Ireland 
to his friends to provide him a house and some implements that 
may be sold of the late Treasurer's. The Mayor of Barnstaple to 
provide him good shipping. Commission for post horses, carts, and 
pack horses, where carts cannot go. 

15. Same to same. The bearer, his cousin Gyfforde, to have 
license to go in Wallop's company into Ireland with six geldings 
Wallop to have command of some band. 

16. Sir Henry Wallop, Treasurer of Ireland, to same. Desires to 
take shipping at Bristol with the munition. His health. 

17. Same to same. Has received light touching his office at 
Auditor Jenyson's hands. Michael Kettlewell to serve under him 
in the office. 

18. Walsyngham to the Mayor of Bristol, as to disposing of the 
provisions made for the 400 soldiers who were to have been sent to 

19. Drew Drury to Walsyngham. The case of dead Sir Edward 
Fyton. His brother giveth religion and the Gospel free course. 

20. Walsyngham to Burghley. The letters out of Ireland from the 
Lord Justice and Earl of Kildare, &c. show the peril greater than 
was conceived. Has sent despatches to the Earl of Bedford and the 
Sheriffs of Somersetshire and Dorsetshire, and to the Mayor of 

21. Edward Waterhous to Walsyngham. Sir N. Malbie has 
Connaught much at his devotion and might have brought many, but 
for doubt to assemble the Irish that be not affected as we. With 
postscript in cipher. Ormond to be sent over but not Clanrycard. 

22. Edward Whyte to same. The stir begun by Sir John of 
Desmond and his brother Sir James, upon the arrival of the traitor 
James Fitzmaurice. Hope of assistance of other noble houses. 
These Geraldines suffered to play their parts. The noblemen of 
Ireland of the English blood censured. The fire like to be in every 
corner of the realm. 

23. Order taken by the Lord Chancellor and Council of Ireland, 
for the muster of all persons in the Pale between 16 and 60, on the 
news of the rebellion of John and James of Desmond and the forces 
assembled under Turlough Lynagh. Beacons. The proclamation 
against the traitor James Fitzmaurice to be made at Trim. Leaders 
of blind folks, harpers, bards, rhymers, and all loose and idle people 
having no master to be executed by martial law. 

M 2 



Aug. 10. 


Aug. 10. 


Aug. 10. 

. 10. 


24. Walsynghara to Burghley. The letters from Ireland inclosed. 
The present combination of that realm groweth from potentates 
abroad notwithstanding our entertainments of marriage. Has given 
order both at Chester and Bristol for provision of victual. 1,000 
men prepared in Wales. 300 men at Berwick. 10,000. 

25. Privy Council to Wallop. Require that out of the 10,000?. 
he deliver 1,OOOZ. for providing and transporting victuals for the 
1,000 soldiers of Wales, and also580. to Robert Bowes for an ad- 
vancement of pay, &c. to the 300 of the garrison of Berwick. 

26. Copy of the above. 

27. Extraordinary posts laid by order of the Privy Council in the 
towns and other places towards Ireland by the ways of Holyhead, 
Tavistock, and Bristol, with the hire of a bark, called the Grace of 
Neston. and all other charges for the ready conveyance of letters. 

28. Patent for Sir Henry Wallop to be Treasurer at the Wars in 
Ireland. [Draft] 

29. Patent for Sir Henry Wallop to be Under Treasurer and 
General Receiver of Ireland. [Draft.] 

80. Earl of Ormond to Walsyngham. Thanks for his earnest 
dealing with Her Majesty. Not to forget his honour in place of 

31. Proportion for victualling 300 men of the bands of Berwick 
for 14 days. They are to be shipped at Workington for Ireland. 

32. The Lord Justice to Walsyngham concerning the submission 
of Clanrycard's sons Ulick and John, &c. In cipher. 

33. Sir Nicholas Malbie to Walsyngham. Since the closing up 
of his other letter, Ulick and John Burke have come to attend upon 
the Lord Justice this journey against the Munster rebels. The 
traitor's messengers are spread abroad into every coast, uttering 
false tales. Fowles' evil deeds. 

34. Treasurer Wallop to same. Issue of certain money. Desires 
warrant for exchange of the money into gold. Particulars for his 
own journey. 

Aug. 11. J. Robarts, Mayor of Bristol, Thomas Chester, and Bland to 
Bristol. same. As to taking order for provision for soldiers for Ireland, 
600 now and 600 hereafter. Desire money. [See Dom. Eliz., 
Vol. CXXXI., No. 60.] 

Aug. 10. 

Amr. 10. 

Aug. 10. 


Aug. 10. 
Aug. 10. 

Aug. 10. 


Aug. 11. 


Aug. 11. 


35. E. Tremayne to same. Measures taken to restrain the 
provision of victuals. Bland, Basset, Chichester, and Yeo appointed 
to make the provision. The Earl of Bedford's diligence in pro- 
viding shipping for the soldiers, &c. It is requisite that he have 
sufficient warrant. Tremayne wants the 5001. delivered to Alderman 



Aug. 11. 



Aug. 12. 
Aug. 14. 

Aug. 16. 


Aug. 16. 

Aug. 17. 


36. E. Tremayne to Burghley. Crediton, commonly called Barton. 
Eland's proceeding in the victualling. 600 soldiers appointed to 
embark at Barnstaple by the view of Sir Arthur Basset and Mr. 
Chichester. The 500. to be directed to Jones in Exeter, a 

37. Memorandum of things to be certified by Bland, respecting 
the items of provision for Ireland. 

38. Opinion of Edward Baeshe for the management of the service 
of victualling for the present occasion ; also for pay of the soldiers 
in Ireland. 

[Aug. 14.] 39. Resolutions upon conference with Mr. Baeshe, as to the pro- 
vision of victual for 3,000 men. 

40. Chancellor Gerrarde to Burghley. Will show favour to 
Ambrose Forthe. His proceedings as to an exemplification of the 
deposition of Coppinger. The traitor's practice meant to make 
passage to harm England. Dr. Hector's cause impeded. 

41. Robert Arderne of Berwick's estimate for a proportion of 
two months' victual, to furnish 4,000 soldiers and 500 horses to be 
despatched into Ireland, amounting to 4,455Z. 3s. 4id. 

42. Chancellor Gerrarde and Archbishop of Dublin to Justice 
Dowdall and the Dean of Armagh. To proceed to Turlough Lynagh 
and persuade him not to seek byengs and black rents in Her Majesty's 
counties. To prevail with him to send his petitions and requests, 
with promise that he shall be satisfied. Also to deal with the Baron 
of Dungannon. 

Instructions to Sir John Perrot, Admiral of the Queen's ships 
presently sent to the seas. To cruise off the western coast of Ireland, 
and destroy the ships there on the landing of James Fitzmaurice 
with foreign forces. [See Dom. Eliz., Vol. CXXXI., No. 74.] 

43. Treasurer Wallop to Walsyngham. Has received his letters 
to Drury, Gerrarde, Malbie, and Waterhous. Returned the Notes 
of Irish Affairs in a letter yesterday by Mr. Thomas Ratlyfi'e. 
Sorry that Walsyngham is ill. He must put off intolerable cares, 
and take recreation sometimes. Will stay at his own house till 

44. Remembrance of the issue of 5,0007. in a Privy Seal for 
Ireland, whereof 350?. to Sir William Morgan, William Norreys, and 
James Crofte, Captains. 

45. Sir Nicholas Malbie to Walsyngham. Connaught hath not 
swerved from obedience. They have supplied 600 English and Irish 
well furnished, and had 1,000 more ready to come with M'William. 
Turlough Lynagh hath the same intent that Shane O'Neill had in 
challenging Magennis, M'Mahon, &c., for his urraghs. Sir John of 
Desmond's revolt. Killing of the traitor. Death of Theobald Bourke 
in that action. The young gentleman's children to taste Her 
Majesty's bounty. The bearer Drew Dmry a dear friend to Malbie 

Aug. 19. 

Aug. 19. 


Aug. 19. 

Aug. 20. 



1579. VOL.LXVIII. 

Aug. 22. 46. President Malbie to Walsyngham. To show the inclosed 
Cork. notes to Warwick, Leicester, and the Treasurer. Walsyngham's 
cousin Guildford's great pains and travel in the woods. He is spared 
the gout in this journey. Incloses, 

46. i. Remembrance. To have a settled government and stout 
governor. Turlough Lynagtis evil doings. The Earl of Desmond 
has given great advantage to the rebels in protecting them and 
their goods. These rebellions are concluded by secret meetings at 
the Holy Gross. John Burke has waded so far in ill actions that 
he will trust his life to no man's courtesy. None in Munster but 
Sir Cormac M'Teige and Theobald Burke's sept will do anything 
against the rebels. 1579, Aug. 22. 

Aug. 22. 47- Mr. Edw. Fyton to Walsyngham. Proceedings in the agree- 
Cork. ment between the Countess Dowager of Sussex and Fyton's 

Aug. 22. 48. Ed. Waterhous to same. The murdering traitor, John of 
Cork. Desmond, was in all things pleasured by the Lord Justice, who 
meant to have been a suitor for a pension for him. The Earl of 
Desmond challengeth the credit of the traitor's death. Tibbot 
Burke's lusty attempt. Drew Drury 's private instructions will show 
all men in their colours. Justice Drury well assisted by the Earl of 
Kildare, the Marshal, and Sir N. Malbie. Turlough Lynagh makes 
Ulster his monarchy. 

Aug. 22. 49. William Norreys to same. The men will be in a readiness 
London, to march, Sept. 2. Sufficiency of the horses. Desires letters to the 

Lord Justice. 
Aug. 22. 50. Note of the barks appointed for the transportations from 

Chester and Liverpool. 

Aug. 22. 51. Justice Drury to Mrs. Burke. Has learnt the death of her 

Cork. husband from too many messages. Drury will not leave his valiant 

service unrecompensed. Grants her the custody of the body and 

lands of her eldest son. Her husband Theobald Burke's continual 


Auo 1 . 23. 52. Justice Drury to Walsyngham. James Fitzmaurice, the 

The Camp near author of this rebellion, brought to his end. The traitor that 

Cork. remaineth, John of Desmond, not to be slightly regarded. His 

credit is universal with all the ill men of Ireland. The Earl of 

Desmond, Clancarr, Barry, Koche, and others suspected. Extreme 

negligence of officers, who have left this realm without munition or 

powder. His brother Drew to report. 

Aug. 23. 53. Sir H. Wallop to same. To dissuade his cousin, George 
Som^orne. Goring, from obtaining the reversion of Freelands, a sheep lease in 
the possession of Edward Coles, from Dr. Stempe, Warden of the 
College at Winchester. Will be at Bristol to-morrow. 

Aug. 24. Proportion of victual for one month for 950 mariners, &c., serving 
on board the Kevenge, Dreadnought, Swiftsure, Foresight, and 
Achates, under Sir John Perrot, in the service for Ireland. [See 
Dom. Eliz., Vol. CXXXL, No. 79.] 



Aug. 25. 



54. Chancellor Gerrarde to Walsyngham. His travel in Meath, 
accompanied by the Bishop of Meath, the Lord Slane and the Lord 
of Delvin, which last has been appointed General. Muster of 
Louth. Turlough Lynagh's full force victualled for six weeks. 
Powder. Traitor slain. Universal joy. Incloses, 

54. i. Proportion of the number of men, armour, and weapon, 
^v^th their pay, which are to be furnished by the Pale. 

55. Hugh Bradie, Bishop of Meath, to Walsyngham. Hopes the 
news of the traitor's end will daunt the pride of the North. 
Gerrarde's pains. Towardness of the forces. Promises a cast of 

56. Treasurer Wallop to the Privy Council. Waiting for wind. 
State of the 600 men for Ireland. Recommends that Captains 
Deering, Thomas M. Wyngfeld, West, and Mr. H. Sheffield, be com- 
missioned to train them, with allowance of powder. Precautions for 
the convoy. 

57. Same to Walsyngham. The Justices of Somersetshire 
blamed for the unfitness of the men. They think the worst 
too good for the service. Contentions. Victualling. Shipping. 
Instructions for Ireland that remained with Francis Mylles. Eland's 
sufficiency. Robt. Keechyn, a merchant, to be thanked for his 

Aug. 31. 58. Same to same. The wind serving, most of the soldiers, the 
treasure, &c. were on board ready to hoist sail with to-morrow's 
tide, when the stay was received. General rejoicing at the news of 
the traitor's death. Wallop's opinion to send half the soldiers under 
Deering, his cousin, and other captains to root out the confederates 
and Sir John of Desmond. 

59. Collection of matters concerning the Earl of Desmond from 
August 1571 to 3 August 1579. 

Aug. 25. 


Aug. 27. 


Aug. 27. 



Sept. 2. 
Sept. 3. 

Sept. 3. 


Sept. 3. 


1. Rate of men for Ireland, August and September 2, under Sir 
John Perrot and others. 

2. Note of victualling money received in "Westmeath, Meath, 
Louth, Kildare, and Dublin, amounting to 29 91. 3s. 8d. 

3. Wallop to Walsyngham. Letters last night received from the 
Privy Council for discharge of the soldiers that were embarked. 
Wallop persuaded the Mayor and Mr. Chester to allow them a half- 
penny a mile to bring them to their homes. 

4. Same to same. He is detained by another change of wind. 
His charges. 



Sept. 4. 

Sept. 5. 

Sept. 5. 

Sept. 6. 


Sept. 6. 


Sept. 6. 


Sept. 6. 

Sept. 6. 



5. Treasurer Wallop to Secretary Walsyngliam. Bland com- 
manded by the Lord Treasurer to disperse the victual. The soldiers 
from Barnstaple met off Tlfracombe on their passage for Ireland. 
Ormond and other captains wanting help of money. 

6. Chancellor Gerrarde to same. His travel from county to 
county to muster the forces of the Pale. Turlough Lynagh 
assembles his forces with six weeks' victual. His former letters 
brought back to Strangford by adverse winds. James Fitzmaurice 
had two messengers with Turlough at the time of his death. 
The Lord of Delvin rescued the prey of Ferney and killed 70 of 
M'Mahon's men. Incloses, 

6. i. Proceedings and orders of the Chancellor, Council, and 
Gentlemen of Meath and Dublin to meet Turlough Lynagh' s 
pretence to harm the Pale and the new made county of Cavan. 
And to have 1,500 soldiers in a readiness at the charge of the 
country, to be armed two -thirds as shot and bows, the rest with 
pikes, axes, and bills. [Copies.'] Aug. 21, Navan. 

7. Christopher Fleminge to the Lord Chancellor Gerrarde. The 
100 men will not enter into service without imprest. The guard is 
very weak, being only 100 horsemen, 80 archers on horse-back and 
60 foot. A parley appointed between Turlough, the Baron of Dun- 
gannon, and Shane O'Neill's sons. Report that the liberty of the 
Justice Dowdall is abridged. The Sheriff of Drogheda and his com- 
pany have returned from the Newry, having spent their 40 days' 
victual and the Mayor refusing to supply them. 

8. Same to Gerrarde and the Archbishop of Dublin. The Baron 
of Dungannon has joined Turlough Lynagh with 1 00 horse. Tur- 
lough's intent to attack the Brenny. The rising of 1,800 to make 
present repair to Kells. 16 of M'Mahon's best men dead of their 
wounds received at Ferney. Art O'Coyne has sent spies to Tur- 
lough Lynagh's camp and will make hasty certificate of all that he 
can learn. 

9. Mr. William Pelham to Walsyngham. Lamentable destitution 
of Ireland. Inadequacy of the last appointed number of soldiers. 
Desires 10 gunners, 2 carpenters, and 2 saltpetremen, whereof 
Francis Ale to be one. 

10. Earl of Ormond to same. For despatch of Her Majesty's 
letters for his prize wines, and the restitution of his tenants' goods. 

11. Wallop to same. Intends at 2 o'clock to hoist sails. An 
English bark from St. Sebastians reports an edict published against 
the lading of English bottoms with anything but salt. Hath tabled 
13 days in Robert Kechyn's house, who would take no recompense. 

12. Same to same. The wind changed. John Eson, who has 
charge of the munition, has gone down with the tide, having put 
out 12 English mariners who were appointed to have gone with 



T w| _ ft VOL. LXIX. 


Sept. 8, 18. Turlough Lynagh O'Neill to the Lord Chancellor Gerrarde. 
Insula de Craobh,Has been informed of Gerrarde's good will by Justice Dowdall 
probably Cre- r Dubllda n] anc [ t } ie Dean of Armagh, and that Gerrarde had written 
vemsinler- ,, J . . /> i j v j- r\ i 

to the Queen in praise of his service and obedience. Complains 

against John Cornwall, Constable of the Black water (magno portu), 
for receiving his prey. Desires that Cornwall may be removed and 
he to have the custody of that fort. Latin. 

14. Turlough Lynagh to the Lord Justice Drury. Conference 
with Justice Dowdall and the Dean of Armagh on the 3rd of August. 
He removes his camp to Knocke bale bren boy accompanied by 
Dowdall and the Dean. Peace made between him and Turlough 
Brasselagh. Con M'Neill Oge's design to destroy the Queen's sub- 
jects in Lecale, Knockfergus, and the Ardes. Turlough Lynagh, not 
being able to make peace between Sorley Boy M'Donnell and 
M'Quillin, left them to fight. He could not make a peace between 
Magnese and M'Neill Oge. Receipt of Drury 's letters of 1 1th Aug. 
and of those from the Privy Council in May. The keeping of the 
Blackwater. Latin. 

Sept. 9, 

but probably 

Aug. 21. 

Sept. 9. 


Sept. 10. 


Sept. 10. 


Sept. 10. 

15. Chancellor Gerrarde to Justice Dowdall and the Dean of 
Armagh. Instructions to tell Turlough Lynagh that the force of 
the Pale is gathered to aid the L. Justice against the traitor. Ger- 
rarde to be informed whether Turlough take pledges of Turlough 
Brasselagh, Hugh M'Felim, and Con. Reason of Gerrarde's marvel 
that they saw not the Lady O'Neill in camp. [Copy.] 

16. Christopher Fleminge to Chancellor Gerrarde. Owney M'Felim 
Roo, before he would parley with the Lord of Delvin for a conclusion 
of peace with the Pale, retired with Fleming and adjured him to tell 
him truly whether the traitor James Fitzmaurice were slain. 
Neither he nor his enemy Turlough would be moved to quiet so 
long as there was any hope of the traitor's life. 

17. Sir N. Malbie to Walsyngham. Promises favour to Mr. 
Ryche. Will offer his service to the Earl of Orrnond when he shall 
see him. No appearance of further invasion. James Fitzmaurice 
had won O'Neill and Ulster and some in Munster and Leinster. 
None would promise him anything in Connaught. Some of Malbie's 
Connaught kerne upon the encounter with the remaining rebels like 
vile cowards gave their backs, and their captain Richard Pryse and 
SO English were slain. John Herbert slain. Desmond has not three 
men of the country that will follow him in Her Majesty's service. 

18. Chancellor Gerrarde to the Lady O'Neill. Her Majesty's 
most gracious letters to Turlough Lynagh. If O'Neill have com- 
plaints he is to certify them in writing and send it by the bearer. 
Gerrarde maintained that what Turlough Lynagh did was but to 
keep the country quiet, according to the Lord Justice's direction. 

19. Same to tame. [Copy of the above.] 



Sept. 10. 


Sept. 10. 


Sept. 10. 


Sept. 11. 


Sept. 11, 


Sept. 12. 


Sept. 12. 


Sept. 14. 

The Camp. 


20. Chancellor Gerrarde to Justice Dowdall and the Dean of 
Armagh. Their letters of Saturday very contrary to the news here. 
The bearer Fleming bringeth the Queen's letters to O'Neill, and also 
Gerrarde's ; and an English translation for them. [Minute.~\ 

21. Justice James Dowdall and the Dean of Armagh to the Lord 
Chancellor. Their last letters from the Creve [prob. Crevenis in 
Fermanagh]. Travel to persuade O'Neill to forbear his great as- 
sembly. The 8th he sent to stay all the captains and force. The 9th 
he disclosed his mind to the writers in the presence of the lady his 
wife. He had detained them in his company that they might con- 
trol his actions. His challenge to Owen M'Felim Roo for taking of 
his daughter and departing with her and Henry M'Shane's daughter. 
His promises. Two causes between his tenants and Marshal Bage- 
nall's. Baron of Dungannon to stay M'Mahon from doing hurt. 

22. John Bland to Burghley. Has promised to deliver to Richard 
Peter the proportion of victual, as by Burghley desired. Relates 
his proceedings in supplying victual for 600 men for one month. 
James Brincklow despatched with victual to Cork. Sir Henry 
Wallop departed with three ships from Kingroad on the 8th. 

22. i. Requests and report of Bland the victualler to Sir Henry 
Wallop. Has victualled the three ships and 40 persons of Wallop's 
retinue. Sept. 6, Bristol. 

23. Chancellor Gerrarde to Turlough Lynagh. His former 
writings. Sends Her Majesty's letters confirming the articles agreed 
on between him and Essex. Turlough Lynagh's letters to the Lord 
Justice satisfactory. Drury reckons on force from Turlough Lynagh 
against all traitors. Turlough Brasselagh. 

24. O'Reilly [Oragall] to the Bishop of Meath. O'Neill collects 
the forces of Ulster, and the Baron of Dungannon likewise, with 
intention to prey and waste the writer's country. Prays the forces 
of the Pale may be placed at Ardagh [Ardach]. Lat. 

25. The Chancellor, the Bishop of Meath, and Pelham to Sir 
Hugh O'Reilly, Knt. Had their forces ready yesterday to have 
come and defended the borders of his country. Have received 
letters from the Commissioners that Turlough Lynagh disperses his 
people. O'Reilly to apprehend all Spanish intriguers. 

26. Thomas Woodhouse to Sir N. Malbie. The country all quiet. 
O'Rourke keeps many Scots, and preyed the Annaley, and killed 
many. Enysse M'Gilasbegg lieth sore hurt at one of the Magranells. 
The M'Avies and the rest of the Scots are with O'Rourke yet, save 
Donnell Oge M'Avie. 

27. Lord Justice Drury to Walsyngham. Doctor Sanders still 
with the rebels. He persuades the Earl of Desmond that it was 
the provision of God for his fame to take away James Fitzmaurice, 


1579. VOL.LXIX. 

and that the Earl shall be more able to advance the Catholic faith. 
Arrival of Sir John Perrot, with four ships, at Baltimore, and the 
rest of the navy at Cork. Captain Bourchier and his company. 
Enterprise of the Ardes. Will teach Turlough how to offend the 
Queen's subjects in his absence. 

Sept. 14. 28. Treasurer Wallop to Walsyngham. Arrival with the treasure. 

Waterford. The Earl of Ormond. The 600 soldiers from Ilfracombe have moved 
towards the camp at Kylnagour. His horses much spoiled by the 
sea. Captain John Herbert, with 40 English and 100 kerne, slain 
by the Desmonds. 

Sept. 15. 29. Chancellor Gerrarde to Mr. Secretary Wylson. This traitor's 
Dublin. practice was the most dangerous thing to the State, that has fallen 
out since the conquest. The " sparcles" remaining will break out 
anew in worse sort than thought of, if it be not well prevented. 

Sept.lO&16. 30. Same to Burghley. Desmond's revolt, and Clanrycard's 
Drogheda and joining with him. Turlough again retired towards the north, and 
Dublin. jj er jj a j es ty's letters sent to him. John of Desmond sleepeth not, 
and hath a perilous head. Fear of John Burke and the Scots lately 
landed in Connaught. The Lord Justice expected, when a conference 
will be held as to future proceedings. Sanders says four and five 
masses a day. He persuades all men that it is lawful to kill any 
English Protestant, showing authority from the Pope, and absolu- 
tion to all who so can draw blood. Cruelty to the English pilots. 

Sept. 10&16. 31. Same to Walsyngham. Turlough threatens the Brenny with 
Drogheda and 3,000 men. Dungannon refuses to come to Delvin. Gerrarde and 
Pelham will assemble 2,000 to the hill of Taragh. Report that the 
Earl of Desmond has come in. Justice Dowdall has been restrained 
by Turlough these five weeks, and so cunningly as to be unknown 
to himself. Her Majesty to deal severely with those who, had they 
power, would cut her off. [Sept. 1 6.] Report that Turlough would 
encamp against Dundalk. Preparations. The rebels draw back. 
The cruelty of Sanders. Murder of English masters and pilots 
by John of Desmond. Treachery of the kerne, and murder of their 
English officers. Incloses, 

31. i. Agreement of the Chancellor and Council of Ireland on 
receipt of the Queen's letters, relative to their respective proceedings 
in delivering or no the Queen's letters to Turlough Lynagh. 
Thomas Fleming appointed to be the bearer. Laney to be at 
the muster of 1,800 of the Pale at Tarah on Friday to make 

Sept. 1 6. 32. Edward Waterhous to Secretary Wylson. The practice of 
Camp near alteration in religion worketh much in this superstitious people. 
Arlow. "Wylson's cousin Desmond is preparing his forces to very ill purpose. 
The Nightingale, with munition from the Tower, has arrived at Cork. 
Easton, the engineer, has arrived at Waterford with another pro- 
portion. The new soldiers this day trained with the old. Extreme 
ill furniture sent out of England. 



Sept. 17. 

Camp near 

Sept. 17. 

Sept. 20. 


Sept. 20. 


Sept. 22. 



33. Lord Justice Drury to Walsyngham. Turlough Lynagh's 
dangerous pretence upon Felim Koo's sons. The Chancellor feareth 
to man the Newry, the only staple for our victual. The Earl of 
Desmond and his brothers camp within a mile and no enmity. 
General determination to burn the Dingle. Drury prays for all the 
forces, Sir William Norreys, Sir William Morgan, and Mr. Bingham. 
Has given young Capt. Pers 100 Cornish men. To hasten the 
horse bands. 

3k Same to same. Turlough Lynagh demandeth the fort at the 

35. Treasurer Wallop to Burghley. Arrived on the 12th. Has 
sent 2,200?. to the Lord Justice. Mr. Fyton desires him to pay 
money borrowed in Cork and Waterford. Money disbursed by 
Fyton's late father. The victual from Barnstaple sent with the 
600 men to the camp. The Earl of Ormond is still at his house of 
Kilkenny. Earl of Kildare in the Pale. 

36. Same to Walsyngham. The 4,000?. sent by Colman. The 
great rains will cause a scarcity. More victual needed from 

37. Same to same. Sir John Perrot, the Lords Barry and Roche, 
and Sir Cormack M'Teige to join their forces with the Lord Justice 
at Kilmallock. The Lord Garret expected to be sent to Limerick 
as his father Desmond's pledge. 

Sept. 22. 38. Mr. E Baeshe's plot for victualling the forces in Ireland. 

Sept. 22. 39. Copy of the above, with the letter of Baeshe to Walsyngham 
Stansted. recommending the same. 

Sept. 27. 40. Edward Baeshe to Walsyngham. Is sorry to understand the 

Stansted. continuance of the troubles in Ireland. If the towns may not be 

moved for a loan, they may be charged with erecting storehouses, 

and the baking, brewing, and utterance of the victuals by their own 

men. Incloses, 

40. J. Edw. Baeshe to Lord Burghley. Sir John Perrot's Jive 
ships victualled. Scarcity of provision and shipping at Bristol. 
Necessity of a further provision for Sir John Perrot. 

Sept. 27, Stansted. Incloses, 

40. II. Baeshe's plot for victualling the forces in Ireland. A 
proportion for 4,000 men for 6 months and for 400 horses. And 
for 100 men for 6 months and 100 horses. Sept. 22. 

Sept. 30. 41. Account of 10,000?. delivered to Treasurer Wallop in August, 
whereof 3,450?. remains in his hands. 

Sept. 42. Brief of the issue of 21,610?. 12s. Wd. for Irish causes. 

Sept. 43. Reckoning of the disbursing of 5,000?. for Irish causes by 

warrant of a Privy Seal. 


1579. VOL.LXIX. 

44. Account of 77,1042. Os. lO^d. to Wallop, Baeshe, and Sydney. 

45. Book of the numbers of the garrison in pay, with the 
pensioners entered 1st Sept. 1579. 

46. Note of the numbers of horsemen and footmen under the Lord 
Justice and other officers and captains in Ireland. 

Oct. 2. 47. Treasurer Wallop to Walsyngham. The Lord Justice Drury 

Waterford. having been dangerously sick Jo days is still in a very doubtful 

state. The want of the money detained by Fyton troubled the 

Lord Justice and caused his sickness. The 4,OOOZ. brought by 

Coleman is gone. Desires a cipher. Incloses, 

47. I. Treasurer Wallop to Treasurer Burghley. Conference 
with Colman as to the distribution of the 4,OOOZ. The Lord Justice 
did expect 2,000. at the camp and had no part thereof brought to 
him. To have letters to Fy 'ton's executors to deliver up certain 
papers specified. Revenue of Ireland. [Copy-] 

Oct. 2, Waterford. Incloses, 

47. IT. Schedule or account of 10,OOOZ. delivered to Treasurer 
Wallop in August, whereof but 3,450. remains in his hands. 

Oct. 4. 48. Sir N. Malbie to Walsyngham. Will follow this service 
Monasternenagh. w ith severity. To have instructions and Her Majesty's full deter- 
mination how he shall deal with this mad brained Earl, the only 
archtraitor of all Ireland. Mr. Guildford's painful and honest service. 
Captain Fyssher's praise. 

Oct. 5. 49. Privy Council to the Lord Treasurer, for payment of 
Greenwich. 4] 2L l()s. to E. Baeshe for victual for 14 days for Sir John Perrot's 

Oct. 10. 50. Earl of Desmond to Ormond. Ill usage by the Lord Justice. 
Askeaton. Malbie hath most spitefully broken and burned Ormond's mother's 

grave. Prays Ormond to consider how he has been misused by an 

enemy without authority. 

Oct. 10. 51. Same to Relates his services against 

Askeaton. James Fitzmaurice. A. Bishop and two Irish scholars arrested by 
him and executed. His successful opposition to the traitor and the 
O'Flahertys. John of Desmond most cruelly murdered Mr. Davells 
and the Provost Marshal. Fear that his brothers would imbrue 
their cruel hands in the blood of his wife and son. He chased Sir 
James Fitzmaurice over Kogyrrick kerig to Ballyncaslan Corkemohir, 
August 17, whence he ran to Owney Mulryan, and was slain the 
next day by Desmond's nephews. Relation of the ill usage he 
suffered. Killed Rory Ny Dillon and Kuagery Okyne. Malbie 
hath spoiled Rathmore, murdered the keeper of the Castle, 
spoiled Rathkelly, defaced and burnt the abbey and town of 
Askeaton. Desires him, as he is a gentleman, to certify Her 
Majesty and the Council of these doings. [Copy.] 



Oct. 12. 52. Sir N. Malbie to Walsyngham. In the conflict with the 
Adare. traitors all their captains were slain saving the two traitorous 
brethren, who carried away the Pope's standard through the 
woods and thorns in post haste. Desmond joined his force of 600 
galloglas with the 600 of his brethren, gave them his blessing and 
instructions to fight on the morning of the battle, and then departed 
to Askeaton himself. The Earl of Clancarr had a base son and 
many men slain there. Malbie 's proceedings at Askeaton. Captain 
Fyssher's pay. Incloses, 

52. i. Sir N. Malbie, Lieutenant of the Forces for Munster, to 
the Earl of Desmond. The Lord Deputy in his sickness hath 
made choice of Malbie to prosecute the traitors. Desires Desmond's 
assistance with forces and advice in council. Sends him a pro- 
clamation to put up in all his countries. Sept. 28, Limerick. 

52. IT. Earl of Desmond to Sir N. Malbie. His plot ought to 
have been followed. The army not to spoil his tenants. Desmond's 
service against the traitors will be more available than his presence. 

Oct. 1, Askeaton. 

52. in. Sir N. Malbie to the Earl of Desmond. His presence 
would more avail Her Majesty's service than his absence can do. 
Malbie cannot depart from his charge without the sanction of the 
Lord Justice and Council. The effect of the proclamation. 

Oct. 2, Limerick. 

52. iv. Earl of Desmond to Sir N. Malbie. His brother John's 
doings at Ballygillacan. Oct. 2, Askeaton. 

52. V. Same to same. To send him sure news of his victory 
over the traitors yesterday. Hopes to light on the residue that are 
fled. Oct. 3, Askeaton. 

52. vi. Sir N. Malbie to the Earl of Desmond. Malbie' s con- 
fidence against rebels. Promises much honour and favour to 
Desmond if he will get that papistical arrogant traitor Saunders, 
who deceiveth with false lies, to be arrested. 

Oct. 4, The Camp at Monasternenagh. 

52. Vii. Desmond to Malbie. Marvels that he should destroy his 
poor tenants. Oct. 6, Askeaton. 

52. vin. Malbie to Desmond. His presence requisite to show his 
obedience. Oct. G. 

52. ix. Same to same, or the Countess, or Morice M'Shehan, 
or the Constable of Askeaton, desiring a conference. 

Oct. S, the Abbey of Askeaton. 

Oct. 12. 53. Sir William Stanley to Walsyngham. The rebels came as 
Camp at Adare. resolutely minded to fight the battle of the 3rd at Monasternenagh as 
the best soldiers in Europe could. The Earl of Desmond's aid to 
the traitors. Stanley to be remembered in the sharing of the for- 



Oct. 13. 


Oct. 14. 


Oct. 14. 


Oct. 14. 


Oct. 15, 



54. The Council of Ireland to the Privy Council. Recommend 
the bearer Bartholomew Scott, gent., who hath served seven years 
under the late Treasurer Fyton, and been at all roads, hostings, and 

55. Earl of Ormond to Walsyngham, for favour to the bearer 
Scott in his reasonable suits. 

56. Same to same. Letter of the new Lord Justice and Council which 
the Lord Chancellor carrieth. Sir W. Pelham's knowledge in martial 
causes. Letters from the Mayor of Limerick declare that the Earl 
of Desmond has joined the traitors. The Lord Chancellor a very 
careful man, void of corruption. Thanks to the Queen for her letter 
to Drury. Ormond is made General of Her Majesty's forces in 
Minister. Sir W. Drury but a day before his death protested to 
Ormond that he could not get any spial while he was in the field. 

57. Adam Loftus, Archbishop of Dublin, to Burghley. That Anthony 
Fyton, brother to the late Treasurer, may have a life or sure interest 
in his office of Collector and Controller of the impost of Galway. 
His diligence to reform the church and people there. 

58. Lord Justice Pelham to same. 
Mr. Scott. 

His good liking of the bearer 

Oct. 15. 59. Archbishop of Dublin to Walsyngham. Commendation of 
St. Sepulchres. David Cleare, Dean of Waterford. Asks that he may be made 
Bishop of Ferns instead of James Procter, who delays his coming. 

Oct. 15. 60. Ed. Waterhous to same. Commends Mr. Scott, who hath lived 
Dublin. here in very good reputation. Mr. Pinfold favourably entertained 
by the Lord Justice. 

Oct. 16. 61. Margery "WyDiams, the Lady Drury, to same. The Chancellor 
Dublin. Gerrarde will show her poor estate. Desires his good means for her 
and her poor children. Her lord's service deserved Her Majesty's 
compassion to be had of them. 

Oct. 16. 62. Lord Justice Pelham to same. Death of the late Lord Justice. 
Dublin. His election. The wants to be declared by the Lord Chancellor to 
be supplied. Gerrarde to be comforted by some large portion of 
Her Majesty's favour. His brother Spenser to solicit his affairs. 

Oct. 16. 63. Edward Waterhous to same. Forwards letters of Malbie's 
Dublin. happy victory in Munster. Desmond's practices to be supported by 
the Earl of Ormond. The repair of Pelham and Ormond into 
Munster. Malbie's sickness. An ague stayeth Wallop at home this 
journey. Bagenall. Kildare has the guard of the Pale. The Ber- 
wick men go southward. Nothing but force will be effectual till 
these popish practices be put down. Incloses, 

63. i. Sir Nicholas Malbie's opinion, with a plat to govern 
Ireland with 2,000 men ; placing 400 at Coleraine and 400 at the 
Blachwater, which forces he says may meet in less itian 8 or 10 
hours. Sept. 26. 




Oct. 16. 64. Edward Fenton to Walsyngham. The people of this realm 
Dublin. much affected to Sir William Pelharn. His zealous disposition to ad- 
vance God's glory. Want of preachers. Murder, theft, rebellion, &c. 
Kecommends his brother Geoffrey's suit 

Oct. 16. 65. Earl of Clanrycard to Sir H. Sydney, the Lord President of 

Westminster. Wales. The Queen's gracious favour extended towards him. 
Clanrycard forgives him for every thing passed. He desires an 
interview. [Cojiy.] 

Oct. 16. 66. Same to Philip Sidney, the son of the Lord President, to be 
a mean to his father to accept Clanrycard's request made in the 
inclosed letter. [Copy.] 

[Oct. 1 6.] 67. Note out of the Auditor's last book, of Sir Humfrey Gylberte's 
reckonings for his ships, the Anne Auchier, Relief, and Squirrel, 
employed in the Irish service from 21st July to 16th October 

Oct. 17. 68. Treasurer Wallop to Burghley. State of the treasure. To have 
warrant for all account books, precedents, &c. None overpaid, the 
late Lord Justice only excepted. Denham, Pistor, Burton, and 
Fauntleroy to receive the monies in England. Ague. Superfluous 
pensioners. 400Z. paid to Captain Courtney and Thornton upon the 
discharge of their ships. 

Oct. 18. 69. Same to Walsyngham. Her Majesty to consider Chancellor 
Dublin. Gerrarde, a man in this dangerous time by no means to be spared. 
His instruction to Wallop. 

Oct. 18. 


Oct. 19. 


70. Same to same. Sir W. Pelham's fitness to be Lord Justice. 
Scarcity. Corn to be sent to Cork, Limerick, and Waterford. 
Turlough stayed by the traitor's death and the late victory. Captain 
Andley has 100 of Sir J. Perrot's men. The charges necessary. 
Sir W. Drury to be honorably buried at the Prince's charges. 64 
pensioners maintained at 3,091Z. yearly, which would pay 200 foot. 
Desmond's son might be executed as an ensample of Desmond's 
disloyalty. Practice for Desmond to charge Malbie with driving 
him into rebellion. Number in pay 3,485 at 3,000?. per month. 
Sir W. Norreys has landed with some of his company. Walsyng- 
ham to sacrifice this letter, which is framed so evil together. 

71. Same to same. Advice to stay the 700 appointed for Ireland 
under Morgan and the Gwynns at least till the spring. Desires to 
know if his men may pay the Lady of Thame her concordatum out 
of the treasure in England. Wishes Doctor Marbecke might have a 
yearly allowance to attend the State. The Judges in Ireland have 
too many cousins and the Queen too few. Incloses, 

71. i. Concordatum by the Lord Justice and Council for pay- 
ment to Dame Margery Wylliams, Lady of Thame, of 1,000 marks 
sterling, for sundry sums defrayed by her late husband for spials 
and advancement of Her Majesty's service. 

Oct. 16, Dublin Castle. 



Oct. 25. 


Oct. 27. 


Oct. 30. 

St. Sepulchres. 

Oct. 30. 


Oct. 31. 



72. Sir Owen O'Sullivan to the Earl of Leycester. The Earl of 
Desmond has joined with the rebels, which will bring him to de- 
struction. The good Captain Pers and Capt. York will testify in 
his favour. Sir Humfrey Gylberte abused the writer very much, 
though he received him with his best countenance when he came to 
his house. Gylberte 's men killed a merchant of Cork at departing. 

73. Chancellor Gerrarde to Burghley. Fell sick in journeying to 
the late Lord Justice in extreme weather. His physicians persuade 
him to rest. The check roll with some instructions delivered to the 

74. Archbishop of Dublin to same. The troubled State cannot 
spare the foresight and policy of the Chancellor. His infirmities 
great. He alone pacified Turlough Lynagh, intending the destruc- 
tion of the Pale with 4,000 men. His speedy despatch required. 

75. Mr. E. Fy ton to Walsyngham, touching Colier Rene. Reasons 
of his staying at home. 

76. Archbishop of Dublin and Sir H. Wallop to the Privy 
Council. Part of the furniture of Mr. William Norreys's company left 
behind. The young Lord Garret, son of the Earl of Desmond, 
brought from Kilkenny, and committed to the custody of the Con- 
stable of Dublin Castle. O'Reilly threatened by the Baron of 
Dungannon. Sir Edward Moore to dissuade him. The Earl of 
Kildare, the General of the forces, is taking order for redress of 
disorders by the O'Conors and O'Mores. The Lord Justice detained 
at Kilkenny four days for want of carriages. The Sheriffs and 
other offenders punished. The winds have injured Her Majesty's 
ship the Handmaid and others, and uncovered most of the churches. 

77. Chancellor Gerrarde's memorial to the Privy Council, touching 
the composition for victualling the soldiers in Ireland. 

Nov. 4. 


Nov. 4. 


Nov. 4. 


Nov. 4. 



1. Lord Justice Pelham to Burghley. The bearer Capt. Fenton 
despatched with instructions. Burghley to procure Pelham's dis- 
charge from the place of justice. 

2. Sir N. Malbie to Walsynghara. Entreats him to be a means 
to Her Majesty for favour to John Burke and the Earl, his father. 
The Earl of Ormond is also interested for him. The bearer Mr. 
Slice's suit to be furthered. 

3. Same to Burghley. Sufficiency of the bearer Fenton. The 
whole realm terribly infected with Papistry, the very ground of all 
these horrible rebellions. 

4. E. Waterhous to Walsyngham. Fenton has the whole dis- 
course how the Lord Justice hath proceeded with the Earl of 
Desmond, now a proclaimed traitor. Desmond expects relief from 





Nov. 6. 

Nov. 7. 


Nov. 8. 


Nov. 8. 

Nov. 9. 



the Pope and Spain, and looks for the breaking out of the confede- 
rates in England. The Earl of Ormond dealt for a pacification, and 
that soundly. Want of carriages. Desmond was past all persuasion. 
Our nation must not be shut out from a footing when his lands are 
divided. Pelham's praise. Corn. 

5. Collection of such matters as manifest the time when the 
combination of the treason now in action began, and that the 
Earl of Desmond now proclaimed has been and is a principal traitor. 
This particular recital of Desmond's actions begins in 1576, June. 
And makes him the author of the murder of Davells and Carter. 
He hanged one at the Dingle for victualling the Queen's ship. 

6. Collection of matters manifesting the beginning of this 
combination of treason to bring in foreign power between Sir John 
of Desmond and John Burke, and that from the time of the 
landing of James Fitzmaurice the Earl of Desmond was of like 

7. [Walsyngham] to Sir N. Malbie. His good success against 
the rebel commended by Her Majesty and the Lords of the Council. 
The French causes have been troublesome. The Lord Treasurer 
thought Malbie 's plot meet to be put in execution, but that Her 
Majesty will not yield to the charge without a Parliament. Disposi- 
tion to use the Lord Gray's service. Is glad there was so sufficient 
a man as Pelham. Sorry to hear of his sickness. The Lord 
Chancellor's coming over taken ill by the Queen. [Draft.} 

8. Earl of Ormond to Walsyngham. His charge in Munster as 
General and leader of the army. The lewd Earl and his traitorous 
brethren are very maliciously disposed. Ormond's persuasion is 
fruitless. Sanders, a most vile traitor, procures many to rebel. 
Great want of victual. The Lord Fitzmaurice was hardly used 
when his abbeys were delivered to Desmond. Has paid into 
England 1,213?. 

9. Dame Margery Wylliams, the Lady of Thame, relict of the 
late Lord Justice Drury, to same. Having been beaten back 
from the seas by contrary wind, and fallen sick, she has despatched 
her late husband's secretary for some relief to inter him and pay his 
debts. He left a token of his remembrance and pledge of his good 
will to his Sovereign, to be delivered to Her Majesty. 

10. [Walsyngham] to Mr. Ed. Waterhous. Order taken for dis- 
charge of pensioners. Mislike that there was no better order taken 
for discovery of the numbers landed with James Fitzmaurice. Dis- 
charge of some of the numbers resolved on. The making of knights 
taken offensively. The poor decayed state of the late Lord Justice 
will not be weighed with that commiseration it deserves. Waterhous 
called to the Privy Council Board. [Draft] 

11. Sir N. Malbie to Walsyngham. Recommends the bearer, the 
Baron of Ibrackan, who is desirous to give his dutiful at- 
tendance on Her Majesty. Favour for the Earl of Thomond's private 



Nov. 13. 


Nov. 18. 


Nov. 20. 



1 2. Captain John Zouche to Walsyngham. The Earl of Ormond's 
provision at Waterford. His diligence. The country affected to 
him. Desmond's soldiers willing to submit to him. Askeaton held 
by the Spaniards. Desmond could not draw his galloglas into the 
field. The country most excellent. 

13. Wallop to same. 1,700?. borrowed before the arrival of the 
last sum. The monthly charge about 4,000?. The Irish, who 
used to quake when 500 or 600 men came, care not twopence for 
us now. Will confer with Waterhouse as to the casualties. His 
licence for transporting corn. Wallop has spent 1,200?. of his own. 

1 4. Capt. Jaques Wingfeld to same. His arrival after all the 
treasure brought by Sir H. Wallop was disbursed. Consideration 
to be had of him. His creditors in England. The gentlemen of 
Leix have desired him to take lieutenantship of the county and 
fort there. Incloses, 

1 4. i. Schedule of the wages of his lieutenant, guidon, and six 
horsemen, being sh. 8. 9. per diem, which he would forego for the 
sh. 6. 8. per diem, for that lieutenancy. 

15. Andrew Skyddye to Burghley. The frantic Earl has burned 
Youghal, and razed a great part of the wall. His dissembling letter 
to the Mayor of Cork. Thanks for Burghley's goodness to his poor 
son at the last election at Westminster. 

16. Book of the munition in Ireland, under the hand of Jaques 
Wingfeld, Master of the Ordnance. 

17. Robert Arderne, of Berwick, to Burghley. Estimate for 
provision for 4,000 soldiers and 500 horses for the present service in 
Ireland. Suit to be preferred to the victualling office in Ireland. 

18. Wallop to same. Received his friendly letter of Oct. 8. 
More treasure. Expense of portage. Desmond has taken and burnt 
Kinsale with 400 or 500 men. Wallop is sick and in fear of death. 
The wardship of his son to be granted to Sir Francis Walsyngham 
in hopes he will match him to one of his daughters. Wallop is 1,000?. 
the worse by this service. 

Nov. 23. 19. Same to Walsyngham. Received Walsyngham's letter of 
Dublin. 13 October by his cousin Deering. Meeting with the Lord Justice 
at Ardbraccan. O'Reilly came there by appointment to complain that 
Captain Hollingworth had preyed the Brenny. Hollingworth's 
allegation and committal. It is doubted that Philip O'Reilly and 
more are combined with the traitors. Enumeration of ],050 soldiers 
with Ormond and 300 just sent. Captain York with the Achates 
and a pinnace of White's sent to Youghal. Pensioners. Captain 
Fisher dead at Limerick. Mr. Lister and eight others drowned with 
their horses at Howth Head. 

Nov. 15, 19, 20. Sir Warhame Sentleger to Burghley. Plot for the reduction 

21 , and 23. of this rebellion. All the Geraldines confederate except Sir James 

Cork. Fitzgerald of the Decies, Sir Thomas of Desmond, and his son James, 

and Mr. John Fitz Edmond of Cloyne. All Munster bent to the 

Popish religion and make no reckoning of perjury. The traitors 

Nov. 20. 

Nov. 20. 

Nov. 21. 

Nov. 22. 





Nov. 24. 


Nov. 24. 


Nov. 26. 


Nov. 26. 


Nov. 26. 

Nov. 26. 



burn all the corn they may get, and demolish all castles. No doubt 
the traitors will have foreign aid. The scope of their range includes 
the Great Wood, Aharlaugh Wood, Dromfinyne, Glanmoire, and 
Glanfriske, which are their chief fortresses. Plot to employ a force 
of soldiers to back labourers in cutting and burning the woods. 
Orrnond has a force sufficient to front the enemy, but it would require 
above 4,000 English to assail them on three or four sides to effect the 
service. March, and destruction made, by Desmond. Youghal. 
Peril of Cork. Clanrycard's sons in arms. The North. Arrival of 
some of Sir William Morgan's soldiers. More forces needed. 

21. Dame Margery Wylliams, i.e. Lady Drury, to Walsyngham. 
Her life a trial of patience. Her anxiety for her poor infants' hard 
and miserable case. Will repose in his goodness. Colman. 

22. Hugh O'Neill, Baron of Dungannon, to the Lord Justice Pel- 
ham. Desires 1 00 footmen in pay and he will keep the Pale from 
losses. Or 300 footmen and 50 horse to lie at the Blackwater if 
O'Neill should war. Or licence to repair into England. 

23. Extracts of letters from the Baron of Dungannon, N. Walshe, 
Ormond, and Sir Warham Sentleger, of Nov. 9 to 24, showing how 
the inhabitants of Ireland favour the rebellion. 

24. Lord Justice Pelhain to Walsyngham. Wishes for his health 
and presence at Court. To know how Her Majesty liketh the war 
westward by the Earl of Ormond. The good choice of the Lord 
Gray for the government of Ireland. The Earl of Desmond doth 
distribute Her Majesty's lands in Munster, which Doctor Sanders 
confirmeth, reserving some tribute to the See Apostolic and certain 
duties to legates that shall arrive. The Queen to maintain her army 
and compel the country to contribute. 

25. Ed. Waterhous to Burghley. He has not dealt in the business 
of the casualties, having been commanded to abide in the camp these 
five months. The Lord Chancellor left him a form of a commission 
in paper, which now is to pass the Seal. 

26. Same to same. The revenue of the casualties will grow to 
more than he undertook. Has not been warranted by commission 
to deal in them. The troubles disadvantageous to the importation 
of wine. The destruction of the port towns and fleeing of the 
people of Dungarvan will also diminish the impost. Lord Grey. 
Sir W. Pelham. 

27- Same to Sir William Gerrarde, the Lord Chancellor of Ireland. 
Youghal burned. The Earl of Clancarr and James of Desmond 
have burned Kinsale. Turlough Lynagh is promised the principality 
of Ulster, and the Earl of Desmond that of Munster, from the Pope. 
An Italian legate is coining. An exceeding great army in Italy to 
come over. The Popish faction in England will be in arms. Stay of 
Mr. Norreys's horsemen. The Lord Keeper to judge of Chancery 

Nov. 26. 

28. Note of the forces waged by the Lords in Ulster, with a plot 
to maintain 1,000 men to the State and abolish the native forces. 




Nov. 27. 


Nov. 27. 


Nov. 27. 


Nov. 27. 


Nov. 27. 


Nov. 27. 



29. Mr. William Norreys to Walsyngham. Thanks for sending 
forward the remain of his company. Jealousy against the Lord 
Chancellor. Disposal of his soldiers. 

30. Sir N. Malbie to Burghley. The general show of revolting 
and expectation of foreign invasion. 

31. Same to Walsyngham. His plat for Ireland. Probability 
that the realm may bear its own charges. The Earl of Ormond 
reconciled to him on his resigning Munster. Disgrace of Walsyng- 
ham and other friends at Court. The nobility of Ireland not so 
able as the English captains to govern that State. So bitten with 
envy that he loathes to undertake any service. Connaught. The 
overthrow he gave the Munster rebels prevented all Ireland from 
flying to arms. The gift to him and his heirs males to be to his 
heirs general, he having but one son. Turlough Lynagh's pride 
to be broken. O'Reilly is grown to disobedience. Arrogance of 
the O'Mores and 'Conors. Incloses, 

31. i. Note of the forces waged by the Lords in Ulster, viz., 
horse 1,300, foot 3,500, at the cost to the province of 46,400 beeves 
per annum. Plot to maintain 1,000 men to the State and abolish 
the native forces. Nov. 26. 

32. Sir N. Malbie to Walsyngham. Describes the assault made 
by the townsmen of Limerick on the master of a bark he had for 
service on the Shannon, with the murder of Francis Shirley the 
captain in the presence of the Mayor. Clinton the new captain of 
that bark and the master gunner drowned. Incloses, 

32. i. James Golde, the attorney in Munster, to Sir N. Malbie. 
Inquisition of the death of Francis Shirty. News from Adare 
that Stanley and Carew killed 40 traitors yesterday. Dr. Sanders, 
the Pope's Commissioner, has confirmed Kenry to James of 
Desmond. Sir George Bourchier charged with the keeping of 
Kilmallock. 28 thousand weight of biscuit required by the Earl 
of Ormond. Nov. 24., Limerick. 

32. ii. Recorder Tho. Arthur and Alderman Stephen Whyte to 
same. The Mayor and 1 20 townsmen of Youghal put to the sword 
after manfully resisting the traitors, and slaying the Seneschal of 
ImokUly and wounding Sir John of Desmond. Dengill-y-chouyse 
in Kerry wholly sacked. James Rowley preyed. 12 of Captain 
Apsleys men murdered and his toiun burned. Malbie praised by 
his very enemies in Munster. Ludden bege burned. Youghal 
held out three days and 180 of the traitors were slain. 

33. Sir N. Malbie to Walsyngham. Instructions by Rowland 
Argall. The suit of Mr. George Harvey, Constable of Maryborough, 
recommended. Robert Fowle's lewd dealings and theft of 5001. of 
Her Majesty's revenues. 

34. Same to same. His plat already sent. Desires commission 
from Her Majesty to build two great boats at his own charges to 
serve on the Shannon. 




Nov. 28. 


Nov. 28. 



35. Lord Justice Pelham to Burghley. Desmond's great fury at 
the sacking of Youghal. Clancarr's like outrage at Kinsale. English 
forces placed on the northern borders. 100 sent to Inniscorthy to 
resist the Kavanaghs. Threatenings of a general revolt and foreign 
invasion. The Lord Grey fit to bear the burthen of the office. He 
must be backed with sufficient forces. 

36. Sir Henry Wallop to the Earl of Sussex. The peculiarities of 
the present state of Ireland. Munster Lords, as Barry, Roche, and 
Sir Cormac M'Teig, doubtful and cold. The North receiveth Scots. 
The Pale grudges at all manner of charges. Our nation misliked and 
the Spanish much affected. Prays Sussex would set the course for 
the Lord Justice to follow. 

Nov. [28.] 37. Sir N. Bagenall to Walsyngham, as to a false report that he 
would not observe the articles and agreements made by the Earl of 
Essex with Turlough Lynagh. 

Nov. 27 & 29. 38. Wallop to Burghley. His holograph letters of 8th Oct. More 
Dublin. treasure. Auditor Jenyson to be sent. The soldiers long unpaid of 
the penny a day. Provisions must be sent from the west of England 
to Waterford. Captain Courtney paid 532?. 12s. 8fc?. The Achates 
has come into Waterford with a leak. The 200?. borrowed of 
Waterford by Sir E. Fyton not repaid. Have not heard of Captain 
Pers with the Foresight since the last storm. Desires the fee farm 
of a part of St. Mary's Abbey near Dublin. Pelham's praise. 
Waterhous taketh great pains. Extraordinary concordatums. In- 

38. i. Note or certificate by Treasurer Wallop of the receipt of 
money in England and of that borrowed in Ireland, and the 
'manner of the issue of the same. Nov. 

38. ii. Estimate of the numbers of the army and garrisons, being 
men 3,657 at 4,316?. 5s. 9c?. Irish per mensem. Under the hand of 
Oliver Bamforthe. Nov. 24. 

38. in. Particular of a part of the lands of St. Mary's Abbey, 
near Dublin, of the value of 14?. 16s. 5c?. granted to the Earl of 
Desmond 35 Hen. VIII., desired by Sir H. Wallop in fee farm. 

Nov. 30. 39. John Chaloner to Walsyngham. Falcons sent by his man 
Dublin. George Bukley. Notes of the ability of the English Pale. Hazard 
of trusting to their fidelity without English force. 

Nov. 40. Note of the force in camp against Desmond, with the several 

proceedings and articles passed with him till the proclamation 
against him as traitor. Also the terms of Dungannon's letter of 
Nov. 24. 

41. Note of 1,748 men appointed to serve in Munster under the 
Earl of Ormond. 

Dec. 2 & 3. 42. Sir Warhame Sentleger to Burghley. The people of Munster 

Cork. are marvellously addicted to this rebellion. Finnin M'Carthy, with 

two sons of O*Sullivan More and 400 swords, and also Edmund 




Dec. 3. 


Dec. 5. 

Achates, in 



Dec. 7. 


Dec. 8. 


Dec. 8. 


Dec. 8. 
Dec. 10. 


Dec. 9. 


Dec. 10. 



M'Sweeny and his train, have joined the traitors. Desmond assem- 
bles all his force at the foot of Slievloghera, intending to prey 
Carbery and sack Cork. 

43. Wallop to Walsyngham. Mr. F. Rogers reports that Kinsale 
is not burned. Ormond set forward from Kilkenny Nov. 30. 
O'Reilly. Bands of horsemen and wards not kept up to their 

44. Capt. Gilbert Yorke to same. Superstition and idolatry 
used by the chief of all cities. Neither Bishop nor preacher dare 
tarry in Waterford unless the Lord Justice or some great person be 
there to guard them. A Spanish ship of St. Sebastian in the har- 
bour. Both he and his men in want of necessaries. Desires licence 
to lay the ship up and go serve in the Earl of Ormond's camp. 
Desmond hath a great palsy and is very sore benumbed, but his 
tongue is not diseased. Yorke is in great doubt of the well doing 
of Captain Pers ; has heard of 1 20 ships cast away in the storm 
which separated them. 

45. Lord Justice Pelham to same. One of Her Majesty's farmers 
of parsonages impropriate has 1 6 benefices, and not one vicar that 
can read English or understand Latin. Clere, the Dean of Water- 
ford, deserves to be deprived. The Bishop of Waterford to be made 
Bishop of Ferns. 

46. Sir N. Malbie to same. For the Earl of Clanrycard's liberty 
and restitution to his country. 

47. Captain Henry Colley to Burghley. Desires his aid to certain 
petitions. The bearer William Dolphin to have the marshalship of 
the Fowre. 

48. Petitions of Captain Henry Colley, Seneschal of the King's 
County, to the Privy Council. Desires payment of l,819t. 3s. ll^d. 
or a part in ready money and a piece of land on the borders. 

49. Petition of [William Dolphin] to Burghley. To be gracious 
to his master Henry Colley, of Carbery. 

50. Certificate of victuals, lead, cask, and emptions delivered by 
William Glaseour, Esq., to divers officers in Ireland. 

51. Sir N. Malbie to Walsyngham. Has received his letters of 
28th Nov. Walsyngham gives over his hope of reformation of Ire- 
land. He is rid of his charge in Munster with credit. Seeing God 
has determined that Ireland must decay Malbie desires to be re- 
voked. England is blinded in this base cowardly nation. Clanry- 
card. Has given John Burke credit in Clanricard to correct all 
malefactors. If Walsyngham have indeed an intention to give over 
Ireland he must revoke Malbie. 

52. Sir Hugh O'Reilly's submission, proffers, and petitions made 
before the Commissioners. [Copy.] 

53. Presentment of the said petitions to the Lord Justice. [Copy.] 




Dec. 10. 54. Order by the Lord Justice Pelliam thereon. Copy certified 
Mellifont. by R. Cowyck with a subsequent note by Waterhous. 

Dec. 12. 55. Sir N. Malbie to Walsyngham. Her Majesty to pardon John 
Athlone. Burke for his former offences. Malbie has appointed him, with 
authority to oversee Clanricard, for cherishing the good and root- 
ing out the wicked. Incloses, 

55. i. Jo. de Bur go to Sir N. Malbie, Governor of Connaught 
and Thomond. Has met with the Sheriff of Clare's men coming 
upon the track of a stud stolen by certain of Leitrim. The writer 
will follow it upon them and not spare any of his own that shall 
be challenged. Dec. 12. 

Dec. 14. 56. Thos. Jenyson, the Auditor of Ireland, to Secretary Dr. 
London. Wylson. Prays for payment of 100?. due to Sir Nic. Malbie and 
250?. 13s. Od. to himself. Also certain sums to Pypho, Owen Moore, 
and Sir Edward Moore, Walsyngham's kinsmen. Incloses, 

56. I. Note of petitions and demands of suitors for money due 
before Michaelmas 1578. With what is since paid, and what 
remains due, being 9,36 6/. 12s. 7fcZ. 

Dec. 15. 57. Lord Justice Pelham to Burghley. Sorry to hear of his 
Drogheda. sickness. Has received letters from Her Majesty with great ap- 
pearance of Her displeasure. He desires not to stand in Her 
disgrace. He is so oppressed with this that he cannot wade into 
other matters of state. 

Dec. 15. 58. Same to Walsyngham. Thanks for many letters and favour- 
Drogheda. able dealings. Sorry to hear of his sickness. The offence taken 

against him and others for the numbers in pay may be recompensed 

with the cassing now ordered. 

Dec. 1 5. 59. Note of the forces in Ireland, whereof 400 to be cassed. 

Dec. 16 & 17. 60. Treasurer Wallop to Burghley. Is sorry to receive so little 
Drogheda and money. Her Majesty's much marvel at the greatness of Her 
Dublin. charges. Never in any time such a number of men of war. Per- 
suasion of foreign aid and mortal hate of the English nation. 
Necessity for the English soldier to abide some time in Ireland. 

Dec. 17. 61 . Sir Ralph Bagenall to Burghley. Prays present allowance of 
Coventry, certain Irish warrants due to his nephew, Sir Henry Bagenall. 
His sickness and distress. 

Dec. 18. 


62. Mr. Edw. Waterhous to Walsyngham. Mr. Argall detained 
long by wind. Is sorry Her Majesty's letters were so displeasingly 
written. Pelham to be raised up by some better comfort. Desires 
to be occupied solely in calling in the debts and casualties. 

Dec. 18. 63. Same to same. Received Walsyngham's letters of Dec. 11. 
Dublin. The malice and misliking conceived against him expected. Will 
hereafter forbear to subscribe anything for England. Will follow the 
office of the casualties. 



Dec. 27. 


Dec. 27. 


Dec. 27. 

Dec. 28. 


Dec. 29. 


Dec. 29. 


Dec. 29. 


64. Earl of Orraond to Burghley. He preyed and burned all 
Connelo to Sleive Logher ; also John of Desmond's town of 'Les- 
fynen and lands in Cosbride ; and Castle Shean belonging to 
Maurice M'Gerot, and all Imokilly, where he slew the Seneschal's 
brother. In Cork he took pledges from the Earl of Clancarr, the 
Lords Barry and Roche, Courcy, Sir Cormack M'Teige M'Carthy, 
Sir Owen M'Carthy, Sir Owen 'Sullivan, Barry Oge, M'Donougho, 
O'Keeffe, and others. Has garrisoned Kinsale. Sir W. Morgan. His 
soldiers worn with travel, sickly, unapparelled, unmonied, and in 
want of victuals. The Lord Justice refused to send shot for his demi- 
cannon to batter Askeaton and Carrigafoyle. Prays for supply from 
England. Ormond will make an example of the townsmen of Youghal, 
who helped the traitors over the walls with ladders and ropes. 

65. Mr. Edw. Waterhous to Walsyngham. Begs he will comfort 
Mr. William Norreys's father, and procure him to send for Mr. John, 
and not hazard a second loss. His office of receiver to be conferred 
on one of his brothers, or Mr. Be-all, or the writer. 

66. Mr. John Zouche to same. Sorry for his sickness. The order 
for discharge of the new-made pensioners is very hard on him and 
some friends he brought to the service, men very sufficient and 
worthy to be entertained. Is sorry Walsyngham's credit is not 
so great. Ormonde diligence is very great, and his care most 

67. Wallop to Burghley. His assignees for receipt of treasure, 
Mr. Alderman Martin, Mr. Robert Pistor his cousin ; Thomas Faunt- 
leroy, and W. Burton his servants, or any two of them. 

68. Lord Justice Pelham to same. Thanks for his grave advice 
of Dec. 8. Mr. William Norreys is dead at the Newry of a violent 
fever. This place the sepulchre of many worthy men, and no desert 
here can be well accepted there. The news of Pelham's disfavour 
rumoured before he received the first letters. Pensioners discharged. 
Victualling. Marvels the Privy Council should disgrace Waterhous 
with appointing him to the victualling, and prays he may have 
thanks for his great assistance in Council for the weighty matters of 

69. Same to Walsyngham. His letters, Dec. 12. Glad to hear 
of his recovery and hopes to be at Court. Mitigation of Her Ma- 
jesty's displeasure towards Pelham. Malbie's boats on the Shannon. 
Grief for Mr. Norreys. He foresaw his death by revelation. Part 
of his charge bestowed on his brother Thomas. The Chancellor has 
disparaged the course in Munster. Ormond's service every way 
commended. Inclosing, 

69. i. A cipher or alphabet for the Queen from the Lord Justice 
of Ireland, William Pelham. 

70. Mr. Treasurer Wallop to Burghley. Ormond's journey 20 
days against the enemy. The soldiers had bread but for five days, 
and no drink at all. They passed rivers, wading to the stomach^ 



seven times a day, and then lodged abroad, without tent, house, or 
cabin. It is easier to talk at home of Irish wars than to be in 
them. Pay. Secome young and unskilful. They are forced to 
new salt the beef. The beer deficient in every hogshead, and so dead 
it cannot be drunk without new brewing. Captain Yorke. Pel- 
ham and Wallop going into Munster with battering ordnance. 
License for exportation of grain, Wallop being a great increaser of 
tillage. Incloses, 

70. I. Cipher devised by Wallop. 

Dec. 29. 71. Extracts by Burghley of letters from Pelham of Nov. 28, and 
from Wallop of Nov. 27. 

Dec. 30. 72. Burghley to the Lord Justice Pelham. Receipt of sundry 
letters dated 26 Nov. to 16 Dec. To aid the Earl of Ormond. 
Turlough Lynagh. It is not to be thought that the Baron of Dun- 
gannon would have the state of an O'Neill overthrown. Magennis. 
Knockfergus. Victuals. Waterhous. Pelham must not be dis- 
couraged at anything Her Majesty hath of late written. Some 
near the Court must support Pelham, and sustain undeservedly 
some reprehensions. 

Dec. 31. 73. R. Colman's declaration of the manner in which he had issued 
],500. of the treasure he had transported to Ireland. 

Dec. 31. 74. Attestation by Melchior de Vades, of Villeviciose, as to the 
ship St. Peter, Captain Alonzo Xueno, and indorsed as given to an 
Irish rebel authorized from the Pope and King of Spain. French. 

75. A table of letters and other matters contained in the Book of 
Ireland. This table, beginning in May 1578, and ending in Dec. 
1579, contains the notices of many important despatches, which, 
owing to Burghley's sickness and Walsyngham's disgrace and ill- 
health, seem to have fallen either into the hands of the Earl of 
Leicester or Dr. Wylson, and are not in this collection. The 
following are of importance: 1579, SEPTEMBER. The Queen to the 
Lord Justice, to reward those who killed the rebel James Fitz- 
maurice. Thanks to Kildare and many others for their loyalty. 
The plot set down by Desmond for prosecution of the rebels. Lord 
Justice in defence of Marshal Bagenall. OCTOBER. The Council of 
Ireland, declaring the state of Munster at Drury's death. N. Malbie, 
of the overthrow he gave the rebels. NOVEMBER. Pelham to the 
Queen, with a book of the army. The Queen to Pelham, for cassing 
soldiers, and discharging pensioners. DECEMBER The cause between 
Sir Humfrey Gylberte and Sir Owen O'Sullivan. Pelham's excuse 
for proclaiming Desmond traitor, and making knights. Letter from 
the Earl of Desmond and his two brethren, proving them traitors. 
The Queen to Pelham ; mislikes the leaving Munster unprovided 
and recalling Malbie. Letter to Pelham not to deal roughly with 

The Queen to the Lord Deputy. Recommends Peter and George 
Carew to be employed in Her service in Ireland. [See Warrant 
Book I., p. 87.] 


1579. V01 - LXX ' 

76. Privy Council to the Privy Council in Ireland. Mean to 
write upon the return of the Lord Chancellor. The Queen's mislike 
of the amount granted by concordatum. Consideration to be used. 
[Draft, indorsed as never sent.~\ 

77. Petition of Matthew Fitz Henry and others, inhabitants of 
the county of Wexford to the Lord Justice and Council. They are 
content to raise 701. on the baronies of Fotherde [now Forth], 
Bargy, Shilbirn, Shilmalire, and Fasaghe Bantry, as a subsidy and 
contribution for 1579. 

78. Petition of Bartholomew Neill to the Queen for a warder's 
room in Dublin Castle. His labour in the Pine Apple Garden at 

79. Nemeas Folain, servant of Morrough Ne Doe O'Flaherty, to 
Westminster, the Lord Chamberlain. Appoints Nicholas Lynche, attendant on 

the Earl of Clanrycard, to follow Morrough Ne Doe's suits. 

80. Petition of Hercules Rainsford to the Queen, for payment of 
his charges in bringing over and keeping as a prisoner the Earl of 
Clanrycard and his son and servant, from 13th Sept. 1578 to 12th 
June 1579. 

81. Brief of the sums due to Hercules Rainsford, and of bills due 
to others and set over unto him. 

82. Causes of the want of civility amongst the Irishry. 

83. Estimate of the charges of Ireland. 

84. A proportion of victuals for 300 men for six months, 

85. Petition of Edmund Molyneux, Hercules Rainsford, Captain 
Fisher, Richard Lindover, James Wrowghton, Robert Pavie, and 
Humphrey Griffith, to the Privy Council, for their despatch and 
payment after long suit. 

86. Note of Sir John Perrot's arrival as Lord President in Mun- 
ster 27 Feb. 1571, and of such as had charge of government there 
at that time. 

87. The substance of the Earl of Ormond's commission ; appointed 
General and chief leader of the army for the expedition into Munster. 

88. R. Talbot to Lord Dunsany. His adversaries. Is not yet 
Gray's Inn. provided with a man. Wishes he would send him Proudfot or 

Lamben to be his servant. 

89. Certain collections to prcrwe that the King of Spain was a 
party in the late enterprise against Ireland. 



Jan. 3. 


Jan. 3. 


Jan. 4. 


Jan. 4. 

Jan. 4. 



1. Sir Henry Wallop to Walsyngham. Glad that he is restored so 
in health as to be able to remain at Court. Need of resolution for 
Irish causes. They do but consume Her Majesty's treasure and 
many of their own lives to small purpose. Disapproves of the plat 
for Irish lords to have the government. The traitors' lands would 
bear the charges of prosecuting the rebellion. St. Mary's. Treasure. 
Pay. Fyton's reckoning. Victual for 2,000 men for three months. 
Corn burned. Mr. Dyngley. Thickpenny and Brincklow very bad 
fellows. Bland no better. 

2. Edward Fenton to same. Captain Morris's sickness and death 
deplored. His men divided. Pelham has joined Dungannon, 
Magennis, O'Reilly, Turlough Braselagh, M'Phelim Roe and the 
O'Hanlons together to resist Turlough Lynagh. The suspected 
nobility of Munster would certainly serve Her Majesty, but 
knowing that when she pardons the rebel he will thoroughly 
destroy them, they stand aloof. Impolicy of disgracing Pelham. 
Geoffrey Fenton to be employed in any foreign service. 

3. Earl of Ormond to same. Would not love him the less for 
fortunes frowning. It is necessary sometime that Councillors have 
crosses laid on them. Ormond could not have ordnance, munition, or 
any necessaries, but 200?. and could not feed soldiers on air, 
or throw down walls with his breath. The rebels never came 
before Kinsale. His bands have wanted a third of their numbers. 

3. I. Abstract of the eccaminations touching the treachery and 
betraying of Youghal. The Mayor delivered to Desmond the 
ferry-boat and sent James Galway and Maurice White to confer 
with him. Many of the townsmen joined in the rebellion. 

3. ii. Note of the Earl of Ormond' s journey in Munster, begun 
Dec. 6. Burned Desmond's country between Askeaton and New- 
castle, also Lysfynen, Cosbride, and the Shian. Killed the Seneschal 
of Imokilly's brother and burned his lands. Cork. Nobility. 
Kinsale. Wants of the soldiers. 

3. in. Sir Warhame Sentleger to the Earl of Ormond. Powder 
supplied to Youghal. His offer to them, of Sir Humfrey Gylberte's 
ship called the Relief to lie in their haven, refused but 5 days 
before the loss of the town. 1579, Dec. 1, Cork. 

4. Sir N. Malbie to Burghley. His dealings with O'Conor Sligo 
for a composition for cess. 

5. Same to Walsyngham. O'Conor Sligo. Desires to know the 
pleasure of the Privy Council as to a patent granting to the said 
O'Conor Sligo his lands for 100. per annum, to which he holds. 

6. Memorandum of the lands of Sir Donnell O'Conor Sligo, 
which he holdeth of Her Majesty by 6 knights' fees, and the yearly 
rent of lOOf. Irish. 



Jan. 4. 


Jan. 6. 


Jan. 6. 



7. Thomas Arthur and Stephen Whyte to Sir N. Malbie. The 
Earl of Ormond has protected the Lord Fitzmaurice. Donnell 
M'Teig O'Brien has taken the castle of Croghberachan. The 29th 
of December John of Desmond burned the residue of Sir William 
Burke 's country, 2G towns, in revenge for the death of James 
Fitzmaurice, slain by his son Tibbot. The Lord Macuiorris has 
put away Sir Donnell O'Brien's daughter to marry James Fitz- 
maurice 's widow. The castle of Crome taken by the rebels. The 
Laceys have joined them. 

8. Lord Justice Pelham to Walsyngham. Is sorry at Walsyngham's 
opinion that he continue here, and desires to be discharged. Would 
gladly fall to contemplation with his son in Germany. Turlough 
Lynagh sick. 

9. Archbishop of Dublin to Burghley. The renewal of the 
commission for causes ecclesiastical. Has sent to Chancellor 
Gerrarde the names of the fittest to be joined in it. John Ball 
M.A., nephew to Doctor Weston, to be registrar and collector of 
the fines. 

10. Articles objected against Sir John Bale, clerk commissary to 
the Archbishop of Dublin, indorsed, "p. b. is notes." [Does that 
mean Patrick Bermyngham of Corbally ?] 

11. Treasurer Wallop to Burghley. Victuallers all bad. Staple 
appointed at Limerick. Richard Dingley appointed keeper. Grinding 
and dividing intrusted to Thickpenny. Disbursements to John 
Leake. Provision to Walter Hope. Want of money. Soldiers 

cassed. Increase of charge. The Handmaid and another to transport 

ordnance to the Shannon. Incloses, 

11. i. Thickpenny s Note of Victual received out of England. 
What has been delivered to divers captains and what remains at 
Waterford and Clonmel. Jan. 5. 

12. Opinion of Her Majesty's learned Judges and Counsel on the 
[England.] validity of the Ecclesiastical Commission in Ireland, signed by 

Chancellor Gerrarde, and to be sent with a letter from the Privy 
Council to the Lord Justice. 

13. Copy of the above. 

14. Ed. Waterhous to Walsyngham. His petition to be permitted 
to follow the office of the casualties. He is ordered to attend this 
journey into Munster, and will so lose both Hilary and Easter 
Terms. False accusation against the Bishop of Waterford. 

15. Captain Richard Pyckman to Burghley. Thanks for his 

Jan. 6. 


Jan. G. 


Jan. 6. 


Jan. 10. 


1 6. Edw. Baeshe to same. Sends Hepworth and Richard Peter. 
Baeshe's opinion for victualling Ireland. Burghley to write to 
Bland to certify the provision sent to Ireland by him. Incloses, 

16. i. Note of Victual sent to Munster and delivered to 



Jan. 11. 17. Archbishop of Dublin to Burghley. For continuance of George 
St. Sepulchres. Colley 's pension. The tried service of his ancient father Sir Henry 

Jan. 11. 18. Bishop of Meath to Walsyngham. To hasten Chancellor 
Ardbraccan. Gerrarde's return. Lord Justice Pelham goes to Munster. Kildare 
to guard the Pale. 

Jan. 12. 19. Wallop to same. Captain Cace from Gal way, and John Gould 

Dublin. from Limerick, report the stay of our ships in Spain. Great 

numbers of ships at St. Mary Port. Soldiers and mariners 25,000. 

The Baron of Lixnaw, otherwise called the Lord Fitzmaurice. 

George Colley 's pension. 

Jan. 19. 20. Proportion of victual for 2,000 men. Two months all flesh, 
one month all fish. The beef carcase esteemed at 4 cwt. 

Jan. 20. 21. Proportion for 2,000 men for three months. 
[Jan. 20.] 22. Proportion for 2,000 soldiers for one month. 

Jan. 20. 23. Sir N. Malbie to Walsyngham. Recommends Edw. Cusake' 
Navan. bearer. He is much injured by his mother-in-law, now wife to Sir 
John Plunket, the Chief Justice, whose influence debars him from 
common equity. 

Jan. [24 ?] 24. Proclamation sanctioning that by the Lord Justice Pelham 
and Council, proclaiming Desmond and his brethren traitors. Offers 
of acceptance to all who shall come in within a limited time. [Draft, 
with corrections by Burghley and others.] 

Jan. 25. 25. Sir Warhame Sentleger to Burghley. Reason of his silence ; 
Cork. no messenger can depart half a quarter of a mile out of the town 
without danger of his life. The traitors roam the country by three 
and four, and none of the hollow-hearted subjects touches them. 
Plan to send 2,000 men to the Dingle, and waste the traitors' rear, 
while the Lord General should front them at the Great Wood. 300 
foot and 100 horse to be sent to Cork under a discreet soldier, who 
should also be appointed Sheriff, to levy the hollow subject and 
attack the traitor. 

Jan. 26. 26. Burghley to the Earl of Ormond. He was long in writing 
news. Sorry that for lack of furniture he should suffer such in- 
dignities committed by the rebels. Some fault in the hasty pro- 
claiming the rebel, with lack of provision to pursue him. The lacks 
now supplied from England, "so as now merely I must saye, But- 
laraboo, ageynst all that cry as I here in a new language Papeaboo." 
Monthly reports from Paris of the rebels' success. Diligence of the 
cunning lettered traitor Sanders. Great misliking of Lixnaw for 
his son's joining Desmond. Brincklow's complaint that no one 
would receive the victual until it did decay. Ormond much blamed 
for being in want of victuals. 

Jan. 29. 27. Lord Justice Pelham to Burghley. His proceedings at Water- 
Waterford. ford. Sends troops to Youghal and Lismore. To rebuild Youghal, 




Jan. 29. 


Jan. 30. 


Feb. 3. 


Feb. 3. 


and animate the poor people to return to their dwellings. The 
Achates carries munition to Limerick. Desires instruction for dealing 
with the traitorous nobility. Burghley to thank Sir Lucas Dillon 
and Waterhous for their travel, and to send over Lodowick 

28. Lord Justice Pelham to Walsyngham. Difficulty in victual- 
ling the ships and 1,100 soldiers, who were pinched with want. 
Secret conference with Ormond. Divers of the best in Munster, and 
chiefly the Lord Barry, mistrusted. 

29. Same to Secretary Wylson. He waits but for treasure and 
victual from England, and will attack the rebel. Her Majesty to 
send letters to the Lords of Munster to animate them in her service, 
declaring her determination to root out all the sparks of this rebel- 
lion, and to deliver them by that means from the accustomed 
t} T rannies of so injurious a neighbour as Desmond. 

30. Brief of the Notes delivered by Chancellor Gerrarde to 
Burghley as to the number of soldiers waging war. Chastisement 
of Turlough Lynagh. Judges. Parliament. New counties. 
Auditor. Treasurer's accounts. Cess. Lady of Thame and Davells's 

31. Note by Chancellor Gerrarde of evils which annoy the English 
Pale. As want of churches, curates, discipline, schools, marrying 
with the Irish, want of gaols, armour, and musters. Irish speech. 
Irish habit. Hard setting of lands, increasing Irish cottiers. Want 
of inclosures. 

32. Edw. Waterhous to Walsyngham. The bands sent to 
Youghal passed the ford at Lismore with much danger, and loss of 
two or three drowned. The Spaniards and garrison of Strangally 
fled as soon as they heard an English drum. The rebels friendly 
received into the Decies, Sir James Fitzgerald's country. The houses 
and gates of Youghal burned, but most of the wall safe. Suffering 
of the army in the extreme rain and tempest, not a penny in their 
purses, and no horse meat to be had. 

33. Note of wages of 30 mariners under John Thomas, appointed 
to the three ships in Ireland, to be put into Mr. Baeshe's warrant for 
Irish causes. 

Feb. 4. 34. Lord Justice Pelham to Burghley. The forts of Athlone, 
Waterford. Maryborough, Philipstown, Leighlin, Dungarvan, Kilmainham, and 
Dublin Castle in extreme ruin. Artificers to be sent out of England 
to repair them. 

Feb. 4. 35. Archbishop of Dublin to Walsyngham. Intreats his favour 
St. Sepulchres, towards Sir John Plunket for his hearty service and great friendship 
extended to our whole nation. To be defended against the abuse of 
Edward Cusake, son to Sir Thomas, deceased. 



Feb. 5. 


Feb. 7. 


Feb. 10. 


Feb. 10. 

Feb. 11. 


Feb. 13. 


Feb. 13. 


Feb. 14 


Feb. 15. 


36. Tho. Maria Wyngfelde to Walsyngham. His great hindrance by 
the death of Sir W. Drury. Prays him to intercede for his preferment 
either with Her Majesty or the Privy Council. 

37. Wallop to Burghley, in behalf of Captain Thomas Norreys, to 
whom his deceased brother gave all his entertainment due at his 
death, horses, armour, &c. 

38. Same to same. The treasure arrived on the 9th, but 
will not answer what is now due. Thanks for his admonition how 
to write. Will forbear to write so peremptorily. Justifies his 
opinion set down to Her Majesty. Pale quiet. Turlough Lynagh 
has come down to the Blackwater. Intention to meet at Limerick 
with the Lord Justice and others, and make a journey on the 

39. Baron of Upper Ossory to Walsyngham, for furtherance of his 
suit moved by William Kelly. 

40. Ed. Waterhous to same. The news of the good grace 
and favour wherein Walsyngham now stands with Her Majesty. 
Mr. John Chaloner's age. A new secretary to be sent to supply his 
place. Waterhous cannot be dispensed with to follow the casualties. 
Magnitude of the Spanish practice. Sees not how we shall stand 
without better aid from England. If we prevail, Her Majesty 
will have as many miles as she has acres of land. Forces of 

41. Wallop to Burghley. Need of timely supplies of money. 
Concordatum for the Lady of Thame not delivered till she take upon 
her to be executrix for the late Lord Justice. Need of the continual 
attendance of a sufficient auditor. Colman. Cloth of State. Books 
of revenue. Sir Edward Fyton's account. Waterhous occupied in 
martial attendance. Arrearages. Bands cassed the 31st of 
December. Kettlewell has not the books, as alleged by Maisterson. 

42. Edward Fenton to Walsyngham. His appointment to have 
some of the late Capt. Norreys's horsemen. The Lord Justice resteth 
not day or night. His affability. Philip O'Kith, a notable rebel, 
slain. Brian Duffe takes a prey from Desmond. Garret M'Thomas, 
a notorious rebel, slain. James Fitz John, Desmond's nephew, 

43. Wallop to same. Aid from Spain. Want of money 
and victual. Pelham could not feed his garrans, and has taken 300 
strong churls for his carriage. More ships wanted. The late season, 
Drury 's death, and great rains have been the cause that more service 
is not done. No good service to be expected of the soldier unpaid, 
without victual or clothes in winter in so miserable a place. More 
treasure wanted. 

44. Lord Justice Pelham to the Privy Council. To suffer nothing 
to pass in the Parliament to the prejudice of Mr. Cromwell. Dis- 
orders of his childhood and his father's displeasure. 



Feb. 16. 


Feb. 16. 



45. Lord Justice Pelham to Burghley. Entertains the Baron of 
Dungannon with hope. Arrival of ships at Dingle promising 
Desmond aid within two months. None in Munster may be 
trusted but only the Earl of Ormond. Blames the victuallers. 
Victual must be sent to Limerick. Richard Maie of Exeter, and 
Mors of Gloucester, merchants, recommended to victual. Need of 

46. Same to Walsyngham. Abatement of the Queen's displeasure 
towards Pelham. Ormond is on a journey; he spareth no travel or 
labour. Certain of great calling, who liked of the placing of Ormond 
and proclamation against Desmond, upon speech with Chancellor 
Gerrarde changed to great misliking. Shannon. Clerk of the 
Cheque uncorrupt. Waterhous. Geoffrey Fenton to be Secretary. 
Vincent Finch. Countess of Desmond's desire to come to England ; 
she is the greatest encourager of the rebels. John Stafford his 
cousin. Reckons Lady Walsyngham in the Calendar of Saints. Her 
husband's kindness, " for that yow never disturbe her patience." 

Feb. 16. 47. Geoffrey Fenton to Burghley. Too sick to communicate the 
By the Tower contents of his brother's letters personally. Want of munition hin- 

f\f V .r\r\ 1 1 f\n _ . 

ders service. The rebels come not to conference but under pledges. 
Pelham has not money to defray his household charges. Sanders 
conspired to steal away. Desmond has him under espial and guard. 
Loss of an argosy with 4.00 soldiers from the Pope. 

48. Wallop to Walsyngham. Is going to Limerick with 4,OOOZ. 
More men and victual to be made ready in England. Wallop's 
license for transportation of grain in consideration of his having put 
1,000 acres of ground to tillage. Fytoii deserveth but little favour 
at Wallop's hands. 

Feb. 18. 49. Chief Baron Lucas Dillon to Burghley, in answer to an 
Clonmel. admonition that Treasurer Wallop should be instructed by the sight 
of books and records. Spanish invasion. 

Feb. 19. 50. Sir Henry Wallop to same, in answer to letters of 23rd 
Dublin. January. The manner in which Ormond was supplied, his com- 
plaint made groundless. Victuallers. Bland and Thickpenny 
blamed. His license for transporting grain. Provision necessary 
against the Spaniards. 

Feb. 20. 51. Certificate of receipts of rents, revenues, and imposts by 
Treasurer Wallop from 1st October 1579 to 20th February 1579/80, 
being 2,4S2. 12s. 7d Irish. [Copy.] 

Feb. 21. 52. Lord Justice Pelham to Burghley. 500Z. to be paid to 
Camp in Mus- Ormond's servant in England, to be defalked out of the next 

of London. 

Feb. 18. 


crie near Arlow 

Feb. 21. 


53. Arrearages depending on William Pers, late Constable of Car- 
rickfergus, with his petitions against the truth of the items under 
Jenyson's hand. With allowances for their discharge in Burghley 's 
hand, and a note indorsed that he was paid for a demand of 1,000 
marks claimed by him for Shane O'Neill's head upon this account. 

2. O 




Feb. 22. 


Feb. 22. 


Feb. 23. 


Feb. 23. 


Feb. 24. 

St. Sepulchres. 

Feb. 24. 
Feb. 28. 


Feb. 28. 


Feb. 29. 


Feb. 29. 


Feb. 29. 



54. Treasurer Wallop to Walsynofham. Mr. John Chaloner's 
suit. Commends his plot and book for increase of Her Majesty's 
bonn aught rent. 

55. Sir William Morgan to Burghley. His troublesome voyage, 
and arrivals at Baltimore and Cork. Visit to Dungarvan. Mrs. 
Davells would for no intreaty keep it any longer. He is made 
Lieutenant in Cork and Waterford and the rest of the province of 
Munster. Foraging for meat he gets into the enemy's country by 
Lismore, Drumfennye, and Lesfennye. Strongehally Castle. He 
marched with such fires that they thought he had 3,000 men. He 
is Governor of Youghal, and for all his dignities receives never a 
whit. Loss of one of his best spies. 

56. Ormond to same. Desires 500?. defalcable upon his entertain- 
ment. Brian Duff's exploit slaying Gerald M 'Thomas of Connelo. 

57. Same to Walsyngham. Henry Shee appointed to pay 
Ambrose Smith in Cheapside. Ormond in haste to horseback after 
his soldiers on the way to Cork. 

58. Adam Loftus, Archbishop of Dublin, to Burghley. Chancellor 
Gerrarde's offence at the commission to him as Keeper to hear and 
determine causes in the Chancery. 

59. Same to Walsyngham. Recommends Mr. Payne. 

60. Lord Justice Pelham to the Privy Council. The late Sir 
"William Drury's lady has, according to Secretary Wylson's order, 
left his body to be buried by Pelham when he shall return with 
the soldiers into the Pale. His estate very mean and his children 
unprovided. The lady's petitions committed to their Lordships. 

61. Same to Walsyngham. Will keep the journal he recommended. 
Sir Owen O'Sullivan's disposition as to the Romish title lately 
revived by the traitors. Has given the Earl of Ormond authority to 
view the companies under him. The companies complete in number 
though many sick. 600 cassed. Spanish device in sending much 
wine to Ireland in order to make pilots. 

62. Same to Burghley. Ormond in Cork. Pelham ready to go 
to Connelough. Waterhous appointed to overlook the victuallers. 
He is appointed to correspond as secretary and Pelham will mind 
only the war. Roche, coming from Andalusia, reports 150 galleys, all 
the armadas wont to go to the Indies, and 70 Flemish hulks in 
readiness, and that it is death to ask whither they bend. The 
Emperor of Morocco's present. 

63. Treasurer Wallop to Walsyngham. Meeting with Sir N. 
Malbie after his journey of 22 days. Distress of the horses and 
Wallop's band. Hope reporteth the evil condition of corn. This 
journey five or six weeks too soon. The Handmaid cannot pass the 
bar in Dublin bay. Some ciphers about Ormond 's dislike of Malbie 
and favouring of bad men. 

64r. Sir N. Malbie to same. Repairs to the Lord Justice by 
commandment. He will not deal in Munster, as he had no thanks 




Feb. 29. 



for the best service done these 100 years. Burris to be built as the 
shire town of Mayo ; its commodity, harbour, and iron. M'William 
has given to Her Majesty 300 acres for the burgage of that town. 
He was attended in his late journey against Richard Ynyren 
[Richard Burke in iron] by 800 Irish men without any charge to 
the Queen. Many Scots in the North would fain come to Desmond. 

65. Edward Waterhous to Walsyngham. Either the secretaryship 
or victualling sufficient to keep him from idleness. His continual 
travel these 15 years. The Earl of Clancarr's repair to Ormond. 
Small quantity of victual in Westmeath. Pelham's wants more 
than any Governor has felt for many years. He has no carriages 
but upon men's shoulders. Incloses, 

65. i. Waterhous to Burghley. [Copy.] March 1. 


1. Edw. Waterhous to Burghley. Motives for his consenting 
to oversee the victuallers. The provision needed. Barrels, salt 
beef, wheat, salt, and hops, &c. Sore famine like to be in Munster 
and more death than by the sword ere Michaelmas. There is neither 
earing nor sowing. 

2. Victual committed to William Percival and James Brincklow 
to convey from Bristol and Bastable to Cork and Waterford, from 
August to 29th Feb. 1579/80, indorsed as Eland's. 

3. Gilbert Yorke to Walsynham. Thanks for his letter of Jan. 4. 
The Lord General Ormond at Cork on his repair to meet the Lord 
Justice. He and other captains have been prevented from moving the 
munition for want of wind. His duty to Lord and Lady Lincoln. 

March 5. 4. Victuals with prices sent by Richard Peter from London with 
the charges of freight of ordnance from the Tower. 

March 1. 

March 1. 

March 2. 


March 6. 


March 8. 

March 8. 

5. Burgliley to Wallop. Blames the delay of his servants in 
transporting the treasure. Pelham's journey against the rebels 
retarded for lack of money. Her Majesty will by no means send 
more money without a certificate how the large sums sent have been 
paid, and a book of musters. Pelham and Wallop must write 
effectually to the Queen or Council. The Queen offended that 
Fauntleroy should have given 400. of the treasure on usury to one 
Spark, a lewd fellow. Colman to be charged with 300Z. he falsely 
said had been paid to Skynner the mercer. Notes of victual sent. 
[Copy made f 01* Walsyngham.] 

6. Treasurer Wallop to Burghley. As to victualling. The Glan 
appointed as the staple of victual for this journey. 

7. Sir Warhame Sentleger to same. Thanks for letter of 12th 
December. The traitors are fortifying in the Great Wood, minding 
to withstand the Queen's power. Arrival of two Italian gentlemen 

o 2 




March 9. 


sent by the wicked Pope to encourage the traitors with promises of 
men, money, and general pardons. Grudging at any charge for the 
Queen's service. A great number of poor innocent creatures will 
perish by famine. Corruption of the purveyors in England to be 
severely punished. 50 galleys at the Groin. Incloses, 

7. I. Sir Warhame Sentlegers certificate of castles defaced and 
fortified by the Earl of Desmond, with the names of the principal 
gentlemen in rebellion, &c. Mar. 

8. The number of horsemen, galloglas, and kerne retained by the 
Lords in Munster, to serve one upon another. 

9. Council of Ireland to the Privy Council. Forward letters 
from the Lord Justice. Pale in good quiet. Turlough Lynagh has 
warned his risings out to meet him, victualled for six weeks, in 
Turlough Brasselagh's country, and giveth out great brags. Sorley 
Boy and Donnell Gorme with 500 Scots at Knockballybrian Boy. 
Captain Crawford with GO Inland Scots all shot. Sir Nicholas 
Bagenall prepares his forces to resist them. Contrary winds.- 

10. Proportion of victual provided by Richard Peter, witli 
Burghley's warrant for taking up a good ship for their freight. 

11. Account of Richard Peter for victuals sent to Limerick in the 
Green Dragon, of London, Thomas Blonkett, master. 

Answers of Richard Creagh, titular Archbishop of Armagh, to the 
articles ministered unto him. [See Domestic Calendar for this and 
several other documents relating to Creagh.] 

Instructions from the Council to Sir Wm. Wynter, appointed to 
cruize off the Irish coast to intercept any succours that may be sent 
to aid the rebels. [See Dom., Vol. CXXXIV. p. 628.] 

12. Wallop to Burghley. Arrived, by the appointment of the 
Lord Justice on the 7th, with 4,OOOZ. Impost money of Limerick 
and Waterford. Negligence of the victuallers and ordnance officers 
prevents his making a full reckoning with any man. Hindrance 
for want of Fyton's accounts. Victuals. Incloses, 

12. i. Note of the disbursement of 7,000?. received in January. 

Mar. 20. 

March 19. 13. Captain James Sidee to Captain Juan Pita da Beiga, the 
Alcalde of Ferrol in Spain. Has seen that at his approach the country 
is in an uproar ; declares that he is no pirate, but has come to seek 
certain subjects of Her Majesty's now in Ferrol, who have rebelled 
against Her Majesty. Counsels the Alcalde not to do anything 
which may prejudice the interests of the subjects of Spain who use 
the trade and fishing of England and Ireland. John Fleming fled 
from his country as a bankrupt. Complains that " theas Lords went 
forthe and toke a small barke of Plimoth," laden with victuals, 

March 13 
& 14. 

March 14. 

March 16. 

March 17. 

March 20. 

which is the cause of his pursuing them. 

English translation. 

March 20. 14. Barnaby O'Neyle to the " General de los navios Engleses." 

terrol. Upbraids him with using scolding terms unbefitting a gentleman. 

Retorts upon him in equally foul language. Has heard of one of 




March 21, 

March 23. 

March 24. 

March 27. 

March 28. 

March 28. 

March 29. 


his name serving the traitor and rebel the Prince of Orange in 
Flanders, as very a coward as any. The Lord Bishop he has abused 
is of noble parentage, virtuous, chaste, learned, and godly, while 
the Bishops of England are made of shoemakers, sweep-streeters, 
and pudding-makers. Defends the character of Mr. Fleming, who 
was a valiant and courteous captain, a gentleman, and cousin of the 
Baron of Slane. 

15. Capt. James Sidee to Barnaby O'Neyle, in answer to the 
above. Supposes him to be that notable murtherous thief, known in 
Ireland and Spain, called William Hall, though he names himself 
O'Neyle. Does not hold him or any he has written of, worthy to 
take the name of soldiers or gentlemen. Defends the private 
characters of Lord Burghley, the Bishops of England, and the Prince 
of Orange. Has been seven years in the Queen's wars in Ireland, 
among other gentlemen, for the apprehending such traitors as he is. 

16. Sir Warhame Sentleger and Justice John Myaghe to the 
Privy Council in England. A Spanish bark taken at Baltimore by 
certain of the Driscolls of the island of Inisherkan. Grounds of 
suspicion and proceedings. Inclose, 

16. I. Richard Myagh, Sovereign of Kinsale, io his cousin 
Justice Myaghe. Two handsome men, who speak both fine Latin 
and Spanish, in the above bark. Circumstances. Mar. 18, Kinsale. 

17. Treasurer Wallop to Walsyngham. Ill husbandry in sparing 
to send the money. Meeting of the Lord Justice and Ormond, their 
journey towards Tralee and the Dingle. Ships with victual and 
ordnance. During nine days journey many soldiers died and many 
fell sick, three days being most inclement, and no carriages but 
men's backs. Death of horses. 

18. John Thomas to Burghley. His safe voyage to Ireland with 
victual and munition. Meeting with the Achates and Handmaid. 
Burned seven towns of the rebels in Smerwick. Present at the 
siege of Carrigafoyle. The rebels very stout in their defence. Meet- 
ing with the Lord Justice and whole camp, whose victual was spent. 

19. Sir Patrick Walshe to Walsyngham. The late Lord Justice 
Drury created him a knight ; he desires some maintenance. His 
purpose to come into England. Nenagh and twelve more of Or- 
mond's towns burned by John FitzGerald and the Seneschal of 

20. John Bland to Burghley. Proceedings in victualling for the 
army in Mtmster. Incloses, 

20. i. J. Bland to Justice Pelham and Earl of Ormond, with a, 
note of the propoHion of victual sent in the Jonas of Bristol. 

Mar. 20, Bristol. 

21. Earl of Ormond to Lord Burghley. His store of wheat and 
malt consumed. The bearer to have license to bring some from 
England. Skirmish with rebels in the Great Wood. March 
with Pelham through Connelo into Kerry, burning, spoiling, and 
preying. Railing of the rebels and Spaniards in Carrigafoyle. 




March 31. 


March 31. 


April 1. 

Camp at 


April 1. 


April 1. 

22. Sir Patrick Walshe to Walsyngham. 
Fitzmaurice's wife taken in a deep 
Ormond's horsemen. 

The late traitor James 
cave in a rock with others by 

23. John Myaghe to same. The rebels hold out, being animated 
by Doctor Sanders, who offers his head if the Spaniards come not by 
the 20th of April. Earl of Clancarr has come in. His only son 
has remained a year and a half with Myaghe. Baron of Lixnaw 
and Patrick his son ready to leave the traitors. They only joined 
their old enemy for fear of his fury and rage. Towns better looked 
to since the ransacking of Youghal. Need of a resident President. 
Perrot's praise. Bark with spies stayed at Baltimore. The traitors 
are like savage beasts lurking in wild desert places and woods. 
[Dated 1579, but wrong.} 

24, 25. Note of certain abuses done by Sir N. Malbie in Connaught, 
since the Earl of Clanrycard came to Sir Henry Sydney then 
Deputy, 5th July 1 576. Also, draft of the above. 

26. Note of the Earl of Clanry card's manor houses, religious 
houses, and abbey lands. 

27. Earl of Clanrycard's suit to Her Majesty for restitution of 
household stuff, spoils, and preys ; to be forgiven the arrearages of 
his fee farm rents ; to have the reversion of Clonfert. 

28. Lord Justice Pelham to the Queen. Waste and execution in 
Desmond's country. Common rebels executed for their readiness to 
shake off the Queen's government. Carrigafoyle taken by assault 
after two days' battery. 16 Spaniards under Capt. Julian kept 
it by assignment of the Countess of Desmond. Poor people meeting 
Desmond cursed him bitterly for this war. His promises to them. 
Eeceipt of Sir William Burke's patent of creation and his own as 
justice. Requests to be discharged. All Limerick county and 
Kerry in rebellion. Devotion of Ormond, Councillors, captains, 
gentlemen, and soldiers. Incloses, 

28. i. The plat of Carrigafoyle for Her M ajesty. April 1. 

29. Lord Justice Pelham to Burghley. Has received his letters of 
March 6th and 9th. Treasurer Wallop's man Fantleroie hath not 
abused him in any part of the sum paid. The numbers and monthly 
charge of the garrison. The farmers and the most of those who com- 
pounded for cess are now in actual rebellion. With pay for the 
army he would make a short end of the war. Victuals arrived in 
the Elizabeth and the Bear of London. Extreme lack of victual. 

30. Wallop to same. His letters of March 6 by James Spenser. 
Cannot make a certificate of pays for want of money and accounts. 
Death of the late Lord Justice and Treasurer Fyton. Numbers of 
the army have been certified. Has received no pennjr o f the 
Munster Michaelmas rents. The Auditor's long absence much 
hindereth. The pretended confession of one Sparke, that he had 
received 4()0. from Fauntleroy, only a device to colour some other 




April 4. 

April 5. 

April 5. 

April 5. 



man's lewd dealing. Honesty and integrity. Colman and Skinner 
and the cloth of state. Incloses, 

SO. i. Certificate of receipts of rents, revenues, and imposts by 
Treasurer Wallop from 1 Oct. 1579, to 20 Feb. 1579/80, being 
2,482?. 12s. 7d. Irish. Feb. 20. 

31. John Bland to Burghley. News of the various arrivals of 
victual in Ireland. William Percival is sick of an ague. Desires 
orders by letter. Incloses, 

31. I. Earl of Ormond to Richard Grant, to receive the wheat 
brought by John White to Waterford, Thickpenny being absent. 

Feb. 22, Cahir. 

31. ii. Earl of Ormond to the Mayor of Waterford, to pay John 
White Wl for freight. Feb. 22, Cahir. 

31. in. Ed. Waterhous to John Bland, surveyor of the victuals 
at Bristol. Directions for sending victual for 2,000 men to 
Limerick and to Cork or Waterford. Also 10,000 biscuit as soon 
as possible. The corn from Westmeath maketh no biscuit at all, 
but loaf bread. Mar. 6, Limerick. 

31. IV. James Brincklow to Mr. William Percival. Has been 
sent by the Treasurer to the L. Justice, who took the mew of his 
account. His entertainment. His letters to be sent to Mr. Richard 
Downes at Clonmel. Feb. 25, Limerick. 

31. v. Philip Gaynsford to Mr. Bland. Arrival in the Jonas 
the 28th. The Gift of God grounded and has taken a great leak, so 
that they must land the corn. Not likely to have any authority to 
unlade for 10 days. He is obliged to victual Walter Dowle and 
his crew. Bill to Thomas White for 20s. John White is not paid 
his freight. March 29, Waterford. 

32. Lord Justice Pelham to the Queen. The ward of Askeaton, 
fearing the example of Carrigafoyle, fled by night, having blown up 
a part. Ballegallehan left in like manner. Necessity of the soldiers. 
Great loss of horses this journey. Mr. John Zouche's losses. Com- 
mends his cousin, the bearer John Stafford. 

33. Same to Walsyngham. The whole of the shires of Limerick 
and Kerry now at Her Majesty's devotion. They might be made to 
bear the whole charge of the garrison in Ireland. Pleasantness and 
commodity of the Shannon. The people of Munster docile and re- 
formable. The practice for saving Desmond scorned by the Countess, 
who sent Dunboyne's letter to Sanders. 

34. Edw. Waterhous to Burghley. Expense and employment of 
victuals. Some good quantity of grain to be sent and put in staple. 
The captains' offer for the victualling of themselves would save Her 
Majesty 4,000?. per annum. Waterhous ordered to confer with 
the Auditor's deputy and the Treasurer's clerk how an estimate may 
be made of Her Majesty's debt to the army. Want of Sir Edw. 
Fyton's books. 



April 5. 

April 7. 

April 8. 

April 8. 

April 8. 

April 8. 


35. Edw. Waterhous to Walsyngham. He was prevented from 
dealing in the casualties. Mr. Bryskett. Has collected forfeited 
recognizances to the amount of 3,000?. Impost of Galway. Four- 
teen weeks travel in many a cold and hungry march, which hath 
almost consumed our good Lord Justice. Waterhous ordered to 
Dublin about the debt to the army. 

36. Arthur, Lord Grey, of Wilton, to the Earl of Leicester. 
Received his letters this evening that he should put himself in 
readiness for Ireland. Complains of often warnings and Her 
Majesty's flat answer that he should not be employed. 

37. Earl of Ormond to Walsyngham. His return from the Earl 
of Clancarr to the Shannon with four English bands and the forces 
of the Lords Barry, Roche, Sir Cormac M'Teig, and M'Donougho. 
March over Slieve Logher. Tralee burned by the rebels. Dingle 
said to be razed and the Queen's ships departed for Limerick. Car- 
rigafoyle battered the 29th of March. Victuals needed. To procure 
his money from Her Majesty. 

38. Sir N. Malbie to Burghley. Received his of January 30. It 
is so natural to the Irish to leave their duties that neither opportunity 
will move them to forbear nor any good dealing hold them from 
starting out. O'Conor Sligo has sent 300Z. of his payment to 
Athlone. He is honest and dutiful, and no doubt to be had of him. 
Thanks for his good opinion of his service in Munster. Value of 
Clanry card's lands. Nicholas Lynche of Galway. Connaught in 
good order. Has prayed Walsyngham to show his Lordship the 
discourse of the late journey against Richard Inyeren. 

39. Discourse of Sir N. Malbie's proceedings and journey. Des- 
mond and Dr. Sanders addressed letters to M'William, Ulick, and 
John Burke and others named, to enter into rebellion. They sent 
both the messengers and letters to Malbie, Ricard Inyeren only 
excepted, who with the Clandonnells, Clangibbons, and some Burkes 
and O'Flahertys and 100 Scots from Ulster, spoiled the Baron of 
Athenry, the Kellies, M'Dermot, &c. Malbie 's march. Execution 
of William M'Teig. Captain Casse. Thomas Roe Burke and 
Owstyan M'Donnell leave Richard Inyeren. William Mostyn. 
Strong castle of Dwnemene taken from Shane M'Huberte, men, 
women, and children put to the sword. Grany Ne Mayle and her 
kinsmen. Burrisowle very pleasantly situated. The abbey garri- 
soned. Richard M'Oliverus. M'Williain's gift of ]7 quarters of 
land for the burgage of Burris. Ricard Inyeren having submitted 
was kept six days in the islands, where he sustained great misery by 
hunger and cold, and 100 of his people died. Storm, tempest, and 
snow drew swine, sheep, and small cattle from the woods to the camp 
for succour. His meeting with Wallop and proceedings in Munster 
while the castles were won. [Twelve pages. Inclosed to Walsyng- 

, in a letter not here.] 

40. Sir N. Malbie to Walsyngham. Commends M'William for his 
suit for a walled town at Burris. A letter from the Queen to him, 
allowing his good disposition, would please him well. 



1580. VOL.LXXII. 

Aprils. 41. John Zouche to Walsyngham. The Lord Justice's journey from 
Limerick. Shrove Monday till April 7. No rest nor much fight. Skirmish in 
the Great Wood. Taking of Garrigafoyle and the garrison, being 
1 6 Spaniards, one Englishman, and five Irishmen. The wars of Ireland 
most painful, being great journeys without victual, which breeds great 

[April 10.] 42. Thomas Maisterson's declaration presented to the Lord Keeper 
and Council at Dublin in the Lord Justice's absence, complaining of 
the spoils and heinous offences committed by the sept of Art Boy 
upon the gentlemen and inhabitants of Wexford at the time they 
were apprehended and killed, which was 10 April 1580. 

April 11. 

April 12. 


April 13. 

Black Rock. 

April 1 5. 


April 17. 

April 17. 


April 17. 


43. Lord Justice to Walsyngham. Has placed garrisons in 
Kenrie and Coneloughe. To further his suit for victual and 

44. Earl of Ormond to the Lord Justice Pelhain. Traitors spread 
reports. To know when Pelham will be at Kilmallock. Victual for 
Waterford. Incloses, 

44. I. John Aihuard to the Earl of Ormond. Was informed at 
Cashel of Spanish ships arrived at Dangeneghowse [Dingle Gush]. 
1 5,000 Spaniards ready in Biscay. Sir John of Desmond will be 
this night in Aharlagh. April 12, Lysronagh. 

45. Thomas Toser, Admiral of the Dartmouth fishing fleet, and 
five others, to Sir N. Malbie, Governor of Connaught and Thomond. 
Letters by Captain Green. They and their posterity bounden for 
ever to Malbie. Desire his letters to the Queen and Council in their 
favour. Burrishoole. A couple of galleys to serve on the coast. 
They remain till Whitsuntide. 

46. Sir William Morgan to Burghley. Had stayed certain letters 
hearing Burghley was dead. His charges in keeping the field being 
chief and special Commissioner in Munster. Desmond's forces. The 
Lord M' Morris's son Patrick and his forces are with the enemy. 
Piers Grace, in whom the Earl of Ormond had great confidence, is 
out in the county of Tipperary. Desires a grant of forfeited recog- 
nizances. Sir William Wynter arrived in Kinsale the 13th. 

47. Lord Justice Pelham to same. The bearer John Thomas 
recommended. If some plentiful supply of corn be not sent both 
town and country are like to perish. 

48. John Chaloner to Walsyngham. To be a means to the Lord 
Chancellor to respite his cause for a further time. Incloses, 

48. I. Lord Chancellor's order between Thomas Chaloner t 
plaintiff, and John Chaloner, defendant, for a certain respite. 

July 16. 

49. Ambrose Forthe to Walsyngham, to be joined in the commis- 
sion for faculties with the Abp. of Dublin. Mr. Garvey deceased. 




April 18. 50. Archbishop of Dublin to Burghley. Recommends Ambrose 
St. Sepulchres. Forthe to be joined with him in the commission of faculties. 

April 18. 51. Same to Walsyngham. 
St. Sepulchres. Forth 6. 

Mr. Garvey's death April 2. A. 

April 20. 52. Same to Burghley. Opinion of his covetousness and neglect 

St. Sepulchres. o f his function groundless. Provision toward the education of his 

13 poor children. His 180 acres. To have his fee for keeping the 

Great Seal 10s. per diem. Recommends bearer George Harvey for 

continuance of pension. 

April 20. 53. N. White, the Master of the Rolls, to same. His journey 
Dublin. to Ireland. Turlough Lynagh extols the young Scottish King and 
seeks to take him for his foster son. The old father of treason Piers 
Grace. Thanks for Leicester's letters. 

April 20. 


April 20. 


54. Same to Walsyngham. Turlough Lynagh has all his forces 
together. 1,500 Irish Scots landed. Turlough's proud speeches after 
his aquavitse. Justice Dowdall despatched to Ulster. He is a man 
to be cherished and comforted by the Queen. The Chancellor 

55. Ed. Waterhous to same. The Lord Justice has sent again for 
him to the camp one day after his arrival. Bryskett is on his way 
as secretary. He attends this term at Dublin to the casualties and 
musters. A great prey of cattle taken from the rebels, and 25 rebels 
slain near Askeaton. On the 10th of May the nobility of Munster 
will meet the Lord Justice with 40 days' victual. Value of the 
escheated lands. Praise of the river Shannon. Commends Sir Lucas 
Dillon. Robert Dillon of Riverston, Second Justice of Common 
Pleas, to succeed Sir Robert Dillon, deceased, as Chief Justice of 
the Common Pleas. 

April 21. 56. Adam Loftus, Archbishop of Dublin, to Burghley. Against 

St. Sepulchres. Mr. Edward Cusake, lately stepped into England to procure delay 

in the cause between Sir John Plunket and him. With, 

56. i. Declaration of the matter in controversy between Sir John 
Plunket and Mr. Edward Cusake, on the behalf of the said Sir 
John. Shows the very bad proceedings of Mr. Cusake. Feb. 12. 

April 21. 


April 22. 


57. Wallop to Burghley. Respecting the lewd dealing of his man 
Fauntleroy. Burton not to be condemned for the other's fault. 

57. I. William Burton to Sir Henry Wallop. Opens the whole of 
Fauntleroy's dealings with one Sparke, a skinner without 
Ludgate. [Copy.] March 20, London. 

58. Wallop to Burghley. Defects in the victual brought in the 
Green Dragon and the Elizabeth and Bear. The soldiers claim to be 
victualled at 3%d. per diem. Thanks for private matters. The 
misery and extreme travel of the soldiers deserves good pay. Cannot 
have Thickpenny's certificate of victual. 



April 22. 


April 22 


April 22. 


April 23. 


April 24. 


April 24. 



59. Treasurer Wallop to Secretary Walsyngham. Victual to be 
sent to Limerick. The Dingle. 12,000?. needed. Ships being got 
ready in Biscay under a Bishop and other Irishmen. Kory M'She, 
captain of Desmond's galloglas, shot through the shoulder and 20 
men slain. The Earl unhorsed. Atta,ck on a place appointed by 
Desmond for a rendezvous and seizure of his dinner. Device for 
planting Munster. Fortifications. Irish practice, which would 
have no better government, or sparing at home would hinder the 

60. Sir W. Morgan to same. Desires warrant to enable him to 
have his a^ for the numbers of his soldiers from the date of his 

April 24. 



61. Mr. Edward Fenton to Burghley. Relates the journey into 
Munster. They kill great numbers in the woods in Conologh. Encamp 
at Tralee, where Mr. Davells was murdered. Dingle burned. Diffi- 
cult passage at Cussanfedd by means of Pelham's tent ropes. The 
army fed on lean beef and water. Justice Pelham escaped hardly in 
viewing Carrigafoyle. Desmond's horse slain under him and the 
Seneschal of Imokilly hurt in the shoulder. Good cheer at Bally- 
lalynan on Desmond's provision. Desmond cessed 600 men on 
Conologh, the Queen might reap great profit of it. Wheat and malt 
needed. Spoiling. The enemy are astonished at Pelham, and 
the good sort are in great joy and liking of him. [Name cut off.] 

62. Petition of Richard Burke, alias Inyeren, to Sir N. Malbie. 
Acknowledges to have been plagued according to just desert. De- 
sires a commission to Captain Green, to call back his followers, with 
their goods ; and that he may have his duties in the baronies of 
Carrowe, Owle, and Irryes. 

63. Lord Justice Pelham to Burghley. The bearer, Capt. Star- 
tupe, has faithfully delivered the munition and victual. Refers him 
to Burghley for consideration of his willing service. Incloses, 

63. I. Petition of Richard Startupe, captain of the Elizabeth 
Bonaventure, to the Lord Justice for allowance for his ship and 
company, and for the spoil of his mainmast in discharging the 
cannons at Carrigafoyle. Apr. 23. 

64. Ed. Waterhous to Burghley. He is obliged to make provi- 
sion of 50,000 biscuit and certain beer for the Lord Justice. Pays 
32 shillings the quarter for wheat. That sent from Bristol cost 
under 19 shillings. Difference at Limerick about the prices of 
victuals. Incloses, 

64. i. Petition of Richard Stace, master of the Gift of God, to 
the Lord Keeper and Council for imprest of 501. on his being 
appointed to carry biscuit and beer to Limerick. 

65. Ed. Waterhous to Walsyngham. Success of the garrisons 
planted at Askeaton, A dare, Kilmallock, and Cashel. Valour of 
young Warhame Sentleger. Great pity he was spoiled of his birth- 
right. T. Lynagh draweth down to the Newry with 1 ,900 Scots 
and 4,000 Irish. O'Reilly. Thomas Maisterson, Seneschal of Wex- 




April 25. 


April 25. 

April 26. 


April 26. 


April 26. 

April 27. 


April 27. 

April 28. 

April 30. 



ford, has slain of the Kavanaghs 40 very bad people. Donough 
Spaniagh has escaped and complained. Ormond would have 
Maisterson's life for it. Feagh M'Hugh O 'Byrne has threatened 
Maisterson with spoil. 

66. Treasurer Wallop to Burghley. Commends Mr. Gilbert 
Yorke, captain of the Achates. Imprests to him. 

67. Same to Walsyngham. In fear of death through the 
disease of the country. Walsyngham to have the wardship of 
his son. His will. He has lost 1,000. by this service. Sir W. 
Wynter arrived yesterday with 4,000/>. Some good quantity of 
money to be sent. Corn needed from England. Great deficiency 
in the victual and beer last sent. 

68. Sir N. Malbie to Burghley. Clanrycard's living consumed by 
his sons. Their legitimacy to be resolved by the Earl, now in 
England. Sir William Stanley. T. Lynagh calls in many Scots. 

69. Same to Walsyngham, for Ulick Burke to have license to 
repair into England about legitimation. 

70. Same to same. Touching the mass said in Redmund Burke's 
house, for joy at the coming of William Burke, the Earl of Clan- 
rycard's son. Incloses, 

70. i. Robert Johnson to Sir N. Malbie, Governor of Connaught 
and Tliomond. The offering at the mass in fat Redmund 
Burkes house, viz., 5 marks, 5 coivs, 20 sheep, and 5 hogs for the 
priest's part. The Queen ought to have some. 

70. ii. Thomas Roche, the Constable, to Sir N. Malbie. Has 
sent to apprehend the priest Wishes for a letter to apprehend all 
those who were present. April 25, Ballynasloe. 

71. Sir William Wynter to Burghley. Praises the complete 
training and willingness of the soldiers. Their captains to have a 
month's imprest regularly. 

72. Same to the Privy Council. Arrived at Kinsale April 7. 
Smerwick harbour the aptest place to encounter an enemy. His 
assistance to Justice Pelham in Council. Capt. J. Sidee's dealings. 
Has but 40 days' victual. Thornton has gone in the Handmaid with 
victual to Castle Mayne ; Capt. Yorke returning with the Achates. 
The bearer, Mr. Holden, will declare all particulars. 

73. Lord Justice Pelham to Burghley. Commends the dutiful 
and painful service of the bearer, Capt. Yorke, ever since his first 
arrival. Defects in the Achates. 

74. Ed. Waterhous to Walsyngham. Commends the bearer, Sir 
William Stanley. Waterhous again required to be at Limerick by 
the 8th of May. The conduct of horsemen gone with Mr. St. John. 
Mr. Geoffrey Fenton to be joined in patent with Chaloner. Turlough 
Lynagh directed in his doings by some practice out of Scotland. 
Baron of Dungannon taketh upon him the government of Louth, 





and has cessed Scots in the shire ground. The Dean of Armagh 
and Justice Dowdall instructed to sound him. Kildare timorous to 
deal in any service, saying his late troubles grew by public actions. 
He greatly nrisliketh Robert Dillon. 

April 30. 75. Accounts of 45,31 II. 6s. 8^d., 5,1 11 1. os. Qd., and privy seals 
of 5,000^., and 10,000. issued for Ireland causes. 

Vol. LXXIII. 1580. MAY JUNE. 

May 3. 1. Earl of Kildare to Walsyngham. "Will be favourable to Robert 
Dublin. Pipho. His servant shall declare Sir H. Harrington's ill usage 
towards him. 

May 4. 


2. Same to the Queen. Complains against Sir H. Harrington. 
The particulars referred to his sister of Lincoln. 

May 7. 3. Sir Henry Harrington to Burghley. Descriptive of the hot 

Grangegorman. f ul y w ith which he had been pursued by the Earl of Kildare, for 

hanging Tibbot O'Toole for the murder of Shane O'Toole. It would 

seem that Harrington had offered his pardon to the Earl of Kildare, 

but did not understand that it was accepted. 

May 7. 4. Same to Walsyngham. Kildare's offence. The Lord Keeper's 
Grangegorman. composed hearing of the difference, and Kildare's railing. Haringe- 
ton is commanded to his house, and his man to the castle. 

On board 

5. Sir W. Wynter to Burghley. Inconvenience of his short 
the warning for the service, being but seven days. He would not for 
an y & a * n nave m issed this service. Sir John of Desmond's letter to 
the Knight of Kerry. The proud beggar M'Carthy More. Incloses, 

5. i. Earl of Clancarr to Captain Thornton on Ids repair to 
Castlemaiyne to help the uurd with victuals. Has not boats or 
pinnaces. Allows him to take such men as shall like to go ivith 
him. He had relieved the ward with flesh on the 26th. He repairs 
to the Lord Justice at Kilmallock the IQth of May. Has protected 
Gerrot Traunte of Dingle and another. 0' Sullivan Beare very 
loyal and humble. April 29, Kilhoryglon \Killorgliix\. 

May 8. 6. Sir W. Wynter to Walsyngham. To have two small ships 
Itoad <f the victualled for three months. Also two little pinnaces in the fashion 
of Spanish shallops to be built under Capt. Yorke's direction. The 
news of the English fleet supposed to be the cause that the Spaniards 
have not come. It would not be amiss if some bruit of a greater 
preparation were given out. 


May 8. 


7. Michael Kettlewell to Burghley. Her Majesty's debt to the 
garrison cannot be estimated till Fyton's account be passed. 

7. i. Certificate of the receipt of treasure from 1 Aug. 1579 to 
31 March 1580, being 32,973. 14s. 2d. Irish. And of the issue. 

May 8. 



May 9. 



May 9. 

8. Sir N. Malbie to Burghley. Has concluded with Kichard Ynyren 
the tanist of M'William Eighter to his desire. O'Rourke will de- 
liver his son 1 6th May. O'Oonor Sligo is flying his cattle from 
O'Donnell, who stirreth war to withdraw tbe'Queen's forces from 
Munster. M'William's loyal answer when solicited by O'Neill. 
Hears of some misliking conceived against him. Troubled by 
Clanrycard's sons. Not one man out in all Connaught. 

9. Chancellor Gerrarde to Walsyngham. He is forced to keep 
His chamber hi s chamber. Her Majesty has graciously told him of her granting 

' on J' his petitions. He should serve but a year. Her Majesty, reasoning 
on her expenses, said the Earl of Sussex spent not above 14,000., 
per annum. Clere to be Bishop of Femes. Nugent the sufficientest 
man to be Chief Justice. To have Her Majesty's letters to the 
Lord Justice and Council in his favour. Incloses, 

9. i. Note of cess for the Governor's house in Sir Henry 
Sydney's time. 

[May 9.] 10. Petitions of Chancellor Gerrarde to the Queen. That his 
time of service may be known. His patent as Master of Requests 
to pass the Great Seal. To depend on Her Majesty's assured back- 
setting of all he shall do. Her Majesty to be gracious to his son 
should he die. To be continued in his fees and offices in England. 

May 12. 11. Lord Grey to the Earl of Leicester. Marvels at his letter 
Whaddon. that Her Majesty will receive no excuse. Explains at full the 
circumstances of his former despatch, when Leicester had been 
sitting on the form in the Privy Chamber at Greenwich ; and the 
occasion of Her Majesty's dismissing him with many gracious 

May 12. 12. Edw. Baeshe to Burghley. The five ships for Ireland under 
London. sa il. A warrant to be made to Ric. Peter for a further provision. 

May 14. 13. Memorandum of 735 L 12s. 9|d paid here out of the 8,000 
assigned for Ireland, with Burton's demand for the carriage. 

May 14. 14. Examination and voluntary confession of Maurice Fitz John 
Oglavin, late of Gortigrynan, kernaghe, taken before Sir Warhame 
Sentleger. The taking of 11 kine from Youghal, and receipt of them 
by Teige Itwosie, messenger to the Viscount Barrymore. Traitors 
relieved at Inshinibackie by John Oge, the Viscount's constable 
there. Traitors relieved at Ballymogolye with a hog sodden with 
wheat bread, aquavitee, &c., by Kieve M'Arte. 

May 16. 15. Lord Justice Pelham to the Privy Council. Sir Wm. Morgan's 
Limerick, sickness. His repair over to prosecute one of his officers for taking 

away a ship from the coast. His chargeable and necessary service 

in Cork. Suit as to the Castle of Dungarvan. 

May 16 & 18. 16. Mr John Bland to Burghley. His proceedings in victualling. 
Bristol. Unfair loss to Her Majesty by the wet corn at Waterford to be cor- 
rected by a letter from Burghley to the Mayor there, and the 
victualler Grant. Information of indirect dealings in shipping corn 
into Spain. Incloses, 

16. i. Declaration of victuals shipped and to be shipped. 


May 18. 


May 18. 

May 19. 


May 20. 


May 20. 
[May 20.] 

May 21. 


May 22. 



17- Lord Justice Pelham to the Queen. The Viscounts Barry 
and Roche, Lords Dunboyne and Power, Sir Cormac M'Teige, Sir 
Thomas of Desmond, Sir James Fitzgarret of the Decies, attend the 
Assembly of May 10. On Sunday last Pelham received the sword 
of state, and created Sir William Burke a Baron, who was nearly 
overcome by the excitement. Clancarr showeth no sign of duty, but 
hath sent 400 galloglas to the relief of Desmond. Doctor Sanders 
laboureth to appease the discord among the rebels. [Partly in 

18. Richard Startop's bill for transporting victual to Limerick 
in the Elizabeth Bonaventure, of London, from 1 Feb. 1579/80 to 
18 May. 

19. Treasurer Wallop to Walsyngham. Assembly of nobility at 
Kilmallock. The Lords Barry and Roche made friends, and sworn 
to join in Her Majesty's service. Sir Cormac M'Teige esteemed 
above them. The Lord of Upper Ossory to appear before the Council 
at Dublin to answer accusation of fostering a son of James Fitz- 
maurice and favouring Piers Grace. Ormond's partiality. John 
Burke ordered to put away a son of Rory Oge's, whom he fostered. 
N. White, the Master of the Rolls, is wholly at Ormond's devotion. 
He is a spy on all. He has a concordatum of 1,000 marks against 
precedent. Sir H. Harrington greatly to blame. It is much feared 
that the Earl of Clancarr, M'Carthy Reagh, the Lord Fitzmaurice, 
and the O'Sullivans will go out. Pelham's intended journey to 
Tralee. Victual needed. Mr. Waterhous to be revived from Eng- 
land. 200 footmen to be sent to supply the bands. The plot for 
turning Munster to Her Majesty's benefit. Receipts, disbursements, 
debt. [Partly in cipher.] 

20. Same to Burghley. Michael Kettlewell has sent the 
certificate of all receipts and disbursements to the last of March. 
The soldier's pay for his victual. Her Majesty's debt. Sir F. 
Walsyngham to have the wardship of his son should he die. 

21. Instruction whereon the office of casualties was granted, 
with the orders set down by the Lord Justice and Council. 

22. Orders and instructions set down by the L. Justice and 
Council for the levying of Her Majesty's casualties by Edward 
Waterhous. [Copy.] 

23. Sir Warhame Sentleger to Burghley. The prospect of the 
rebellion continuing. Policy to coop up the Earl of Clancarr, the 
Lord Barrymore, and his sons, David and William, Sir Cormac 
M'Teige, High Sheriff of Cork, and his brethren, Donnell and Callough, 
who as justly deserve death as the rest of the traitors. The spoil of 
John Fitz Edmunds of Cloyne and all good subjects. Ships prepared 
in Biscay to come for Ireland. 

24. Ed. Waterhous to same. The bills of the proportions of 
grain sent, and the names of those licensed to transport it to Ireland, 
will give great content to the Lord Justice. Burghley s exceeding 




May 23. 

May 24. 


May 24. 


May 26. 


May 28. 


May 28. 



care of the victualling obtains for him the soldiers' effectual prayer. 
The good quality of the provisions. Sir W. Wynter's presence has 
stayed Turlough Lynagh and O'Donnell from bursting out. The 
Bishop and the friar (the Pope's commissary) in Galicia, with two 
great ships and 1 1 smaller, and many soldiers. 

25. Leicester ? to Sir Henry Sydney. Assures him of Chancellor 
Gerrarde's firm attachment to him. Prays Sydney to discharge 
Gerrarde of the debt he demands of him for certain consi- 

26. Sir N. Malbie to Burghley by Richard White, an honest citizen 
of Limerick, who gave the chiefest intelligence of James Fitzmau- 
rice's intentions, for which he suffered great loss in France. Suits. 

27. Nicholas Lumbard to the Master of the Rolls. George Roche 
of Kinsale reports that Dr. Sanders was some time past in a town 
in the Asturias, called St. Andrews, with 6,000 Italians, sent thither 
by the Pope to come into Ireland. The Pope has three great ships 
at Ferrol, well manned and full of ordnance, to bring those Italians 
to Ireland. The King of Spain's projects. Expects they will land 
between Dorsey and Smerwick. Wishes that Her Majesty's ships 
should shift themselves along that coast. 

28. Sir N. Malbie to Burghley. The Earl of Clanrycard's sons 
are at this instant killing and spoiling one another's men, and over- 
throwing all their father's patrimony. Incloses, 

28. i. Note of the present state of the Earl of Clanrycard's 
castles and livings, being an extract of a letter from Malbie to 
Walsyngham. May 26. 

29. Earl of Ormond to Burghley, in behalf of the Mayor and city 
of Waterford, for a culverin. Incloses, 

29. i. Patrick Doben, Mayor, and others of Waterford to the 
Earl of Ormond. The Lord Treasurer and Council in England 
drawn to a mislike of them by sinister information. Vindicate 
themselves from the charge of refusing money to the late Lord 
Justice. May 26, Waterford. 

30. Earl of Ormond to Walsyngham. Thanks for his friendly 
travail in his causes. The Lord of Upper Ossory charged with re- 
ceiving into his country the late traitor, James Fitzmaurice's son, 
from that most wicked and detestable old traitor Piers Grace. 
The Lord of Upper Ossory 's life and lands will fall to Her Majesty. 

30. i. Examination of Edmund Stropp, late of Loghkan, servant 
to Thomas Grace Fitz Piers, alias Thomas Vollen, taken before the 
Earl of Ormond, the Master of the Rolls, and others, relative to the 
son of James Fitzmaurice, called by the name of Richard Burke. 
Also examination of Rory O'Coivrrin. \Copies.~\ 

May 5, Kilkenny. 



1580. VOL.LXXIII. 

May 28. 31. Earl of Ormond to Bargliley. The bearer Mr. Michael Bryskett 
Kilkenny, deserves commendation by his painful service in training the soldiers 
of Mr. John Zouche's band. 

May 28. 

May 29. 


32. Lord Justice Pelham's remembrance for Sir W. Morgan. To 
declare the success of his journey. His intention to temporize with 
Clancarr. Need of the counsel of Sir Lucas Dillon and Waterhous. 
Soldiers' pay and provision. 

33. Sir Warhame Sentleger to Burghley. The traitors John and 
James of Desmond, with 300 of their associates, relieved as friends 
in the Viscount Barry's country with meat and drink. They take 
a prey of 4,000 kine, &c., in Kiricurihie and Kynoley. Sir 
Cormac M'Teige let them pass quietly with the same. If three or 
four of such hollow subjects were to lose their heads for their 
treason, it would do more good than the execution of 10,000 mean 

34. Treasurer Wallop to same. Great deficiency in the quantity 
of the victual delivered. He looketh warily to Her Majesty's profit, 
whereby he purchaseth enemies. 

35. Richard Byngham to Walsyngham. The bearer Mr. Fur- 
bisher, being a painfull companion " of ours" in the voyage will, and 
is able to, advertise " your Honor " of all things that have happened. 
They have come into Cork roads to take out their victuals from 
the ships just arrived, and will presently return to the Dingle and 

3G. Capt. W. Pers, the elder, to same. For despatch of the 
general letter to Hugh M'Felim, Con M'Neill Oge, and others. Also 
letters to Sorley Boy M'Donnell and other Scots that Piers comes 
authorized from Her Majesty to talk with them. His debts, 200?., 
to be stalled. He must disburse a great sum in this action. 

May 30. 37. Mr. Edward Whyte to Burghley. Recommends his brother 
Richard's suit for some recompense for his service. His distress. 

May 29. 


May 29. 

May 29. 

May 31. 

Cashel in the 

edge of 


May 31. 



38. N. White, Master of the Rolls, to same. Good effect pro- 
duced on the Lords of Munster by the reading of the Lord Justice's 
patent, &c. The new Baron Burke, partly from excitement, and 
partly for the unwonted straitness of his new robes, fell suddenly 
in a swoon at the Lord Justice's table. Plan for chasing the rebel. 
They make large offers to Clancarr. Ormond has his eldest son. 
Information promised by Derby Ogan, Desmond's secretary. White 
lieth in the Star Chamber, [i.e. open air], near the Lord Justice's 
tent. Is collecting an estimate of the traitor's lands. Dr. Sanders 
was seen in Desmond's camp on the 20th of this month. White 
longs to hear of Monsieur's honourable intentions. 

39. Master of the Rolls to Walsyngham. Hearty thanks for his 
favour. Has answered the 40L lent by Walsyngham to Sir H. 

40. [Earl of Clanrycard] to [same]. Received his loving letter 
of the 13th instant. Thanks for his friendly travel in furthering 

2. P 




June 1. 

June 2. 

June 2. 

The Court at 


June 3. 


June 3. 


June 3. 

June 6. 


his suit. His whole living so possessed and taken up by Sir 
Nicholas Malbie and his Lordship's own ungracious sons that he has 
not received 100. of all his revenues during his imprisonment of 
three years and nine weeks. Prays Walsyngham to be a means that 
he may come into Her Majesty's presence. [Copy or Draft.] 

41. Justice John Myaghe, alias Meede, to Wals3 r ngham. The 
Lords and Gentlemen do only dissemble with the Lord Justice and 
wink at the traitors. They loathe the yoke of justice as the young 
horse does the snaffle and bridle. A President must be appointed 
for Munster with sufficient soldiers. 

42. Sir Warhame Sentleger to Burghley. Clancarr has come 
in to Sir W. Morgan. He has desired letters of commendation to 
the Lord Justice. Great need of Sir W. Morgan to be returned to 
Ireland. His expenses to be considered. 

43. Walsyngham to the Earl of Clanrycard. Will move that his 
Lordship be permitted to come to the Court. Recommends him to 
defer his solicitation for a pension. 

44. Edward Baeshe to Burghley. The provision of beer for Sir 
W. Wynter. Desires an imprest. 

45. P. Doben, Mayor, to Walsyngham. Their agent Nicholas 
Wyse to have license for corn from England, and 100 barrels of 
powder. Desires Her Majesty's gift of certain ordnance may be 
made effectual. The complaint of the Frenchman Liberdge. 
Seneschal of Imokilly said to be dead the 25th of May last. 

45. i. Eccamination of George Roche of Kinsale, merchant. 
The King of Spain appointed to be in Portugal with 40,000 men. 
Doctor Sanders was at St. Anderose in Asturia and paymaster of 
some Italians bound into Ireland. May 2, Waterford. 

46. Release of Nicholas Bull, administrator of Edmund Nixon, 
late of Southwark, deceased, to the Earl of Clanrycard for certain 

47. Extracts from Treasurer Wallop's letters from 2 4th Nov. 1579 
to 6th June 1580. 

June 8. 48. Patrick Sherlock and Anthony Power to Walsyngham. To 
Lisfinin near stay the granting of any reversion of their houses and lands, they 
Lismore. having been continually employed in service, and being presently 
in the field with 200 men, horse and foot, at their own charges. 

June 9. 49. Mr. Richard Byngham to same. The Earl of Clancarr's 
Harbour of Cork-manner of coming in and cunning. 3,000 head of great cattle 
taken by the rebels from John Fitz Edmonds, a true subject. The 
rebels portion but 600 of them. The Lord Barry and Sir Cormac 
M'Teige had the rest as their share. The bearer William Dutton's 
long service, his suit to have a warder's room in the Tower. 
Miserable state of the English, begging their bread in Cork and 
Kin sale. Description of Kerry, which has but little wood. 



June 11. 


1580 VOL. LXXIII. 

June 10. 50. Adam Loftus, Archbishop of Dublin, to Walsyngham. For the 
St. Sepulchres. Bishop of " Dowasen," to whom the late Lord Justice Drury com- 
mitted the custody of the temporalities of the bishoprick of Ardagh 
adjoining next unto him, to have the two sees united. 

June 10. 51. Sir N. Malbie to same. M'Costilo of Eighter Connaught, 
Ballynasloe. hy surname Nangle, has called the bearer, Mr. Theobald Dillon, out 
of the English Pale and given him a fair portion of land and Castle 
More for his friendship. Good disposition of Dillon and all his 
surname to advance civil government. His suit for the office of 
High Sheriff of Mayo to him and his heirs male for ever. 

52. Same to Burghley. His policy to save the Earl of Clanrycard's 
livings to his use. John Burke had fostered the eldest son of 
Rory Oge O'More under the name of William Burke. Malbie has 
sent the boy to Dublin, and has taken pledges from John and Ulick, 
and appointed all the Earl's living to Nicholas Lynche his agent. 
Has permitted O'Conor Sligo to buy O'Donnell's good will till he 
may have the Queen's pleasure. Great abuse of the English soldiers 
now at Gal way. M' William is preparing to go to England to do 
his duty to Her Majesty. Incloses, 

52. i. Articles to be observed by Ulick and John Burke, for per- 
formance whereof they are to put in pledges answerable with 
the penalty of their lives. They are to book their followers within 
eight days. June 5, Oalway. 

53. John Bland to Burghley, in answer to his letter of May 24, 
with Bland 's defence and explanation. Provisions. Certain corn 
laden for Spain being driven back by contrary winds, the owners 
seek forgiveness. Desires such corn may be allowed to pass to 
Ireland. High prices and scarcity in Ireland. 

June 12. 54. Capt. William Pers, the elder, to Walsyngham. Received 
Hilbry. letters from his wife in the Ardes. O'Neill encamped before Carrick- 
fergus. He demands certain buyings for one Brian Ballough O'Neill 
sometime Lord of Claneboy, killed above 60 years past. Pers to 
be remembered for charge of soldiers. To have Her Majesty's letters 
to the Lords and Gentlemen of Claneboy touching Scots. Incloses, 

54. I. Sir N. Bagenall to Capt. Pers. He will be welcome at all 
times. At Bagenall' s going to confer with the Council, Turlough 
Lynagh had within six days assembled 7,000 Scots and his risings 
out. His envy at the Newry. His wife's arrival with 'more Scots 
will discover his intentions. May 25, Newry. 

June 11. 


June 14. 


55. John Bland to Burghley. His proceedings for victualling 
detailed. The arrest of the two barks indirectly laden for Spain 
by Sir W. Morgan's assistance. Incloses, 

55. I. Richard Grante, to Mr. John Bland. The Lord Justice 
has written urgently to the Mayor of Waterford for victuals, which 
cannot be supplied in Ireland. P. Gainsford has arrived in 
Limerick, May 22, with his corn. June 7, Waterford. Incloses, 

P 2 



1580. VOL.LXXIII. 

55. ii. Lord Justice Pelham to the Mayor of Waterfwd, for 
provision of beer and biscuit for Capt. Thornton. His slow 
sending of victuals has hindered the service. 

May 28, Camp near Liscarrol. 

June 18. 56. Sir Lucas Dillon to Walsyngham. The casualties and rents. 
Moynett. Mr. Waterhous's collection. Continual call to service abroad. The 
bearer Theobald Dillon recommended to good consideration. 

June 19. 57. Treasurer Wallop to Burghley. Slackness to pay the corn- 
Limerick, position, which in some parts is now expired. Propriety of renewing 

the cess. The cankered hearts of the most part of the people. 

Fauntleroy's fault. 

June 20. 58. Note of such money as by Mr. Secretary Walsyngham's signet 
book appeareth to have been expended for the service of Ireland 
within this year last past, being 63,931Z. 3s. 8d. 

June 20. 59. Captain W. Piers to Walsyngham. Dangerous state of the 
Dublin. country. O'Neill has used his wife and friends well in his absence. 
Some nobleman to be sent as Governor. 

June 22. 60. John Donn to same. The Irish Bishop departed from Ferrol 
Lynn. to meet with the 20 sail in Biscay, and with the united armies to go 
for Ireland. His long stay in England is for want of wind. Bearer 
Thomas Merick. 

June 23. 61. Receipt of Nicholas Lynche Fitz Steven, of Galway, merchant, 
factor and attorney to the Earl of Clanrycard, for the houses 
delivered to him by Malbie's appointment. 

Junel8&25. 62. Treasurer Wallop to Burghley. Victuals, munition, receipts, 
Limerick, disbursements, &c. Lord Justice Pelham returned from his journey 
May 30, with a prey of 500 kine. New journey appointed into 
Kerry for the 12th. Bread but for five days, cheese for two. For 
want of carriage the soldier is content with water. State of Sir 
W. Drury's reckonings. Thomas Burgate and the composition 
money for Munster. Sir Lucas Dillon, Chief Baron, is willing and 
careful in Her Majesty's service. Waterhous's dealing with the 
whole casualties and impost pareth Wallop's office of receivership 
very near. Complaint of Gainsford. White's unprecedented con- 
cordatum of 1,000 marks. Nothing to be had with the good will 
of the townspeople, though they pay treble and quadruple in ready 
money. They would not lend 201. Captain Thornton and the 
Handmaid at Dublin. Incloses, 

62. I. Examination of William Browne, mariner. Shoivs 
Startup's robbery of the victual, by buying small cheeses in 
Devonshire, and his trick of cutting the butter with a sail-twine. 

June 15. 

June 25. 63. Edw. Waterhous to Walsyngham. His arrival at Limerick. 

Limerick. Captain Clinton's report of the Lord Justice's success against the 
Earl of Desmond's galloglas. John of Desmond's attempt near 
Limerick. Cowardice or slackness of the citizens. 



1580. VOL.LXXIII. 

June 25. 64. John Thorns to Burghley, on his departure with 400 quarters 

Gravesend. O f wheat. 

June 25. 65. Notes out of Sir Henry Wallop's letters from 22 April to 
25 June 1580. 

June 28. 66. Sir Francis Knollys to Walsyngham. Ormond's offence at 
Maisterson for killing certain wicked thieves. His worthy and 
valiant service since Sir Ed. Bellyngham first had him. To let him 
be reasonably heard before he be condemned. Edward Wingfield 
to be called before the Council for outrages at Kimbolton. In- 

66. i. Mr. Thomas Maisterson to Sir F. Knollys. Warlike 
assembling of the sept of Art Boy. His attack on them, slaying 
59 and bringing tivo prisoners to Dublin. Ormond's displeasure. 

May 23, Dublin. Incloses, 

66. n. Note of murders, preys, burnings, stealths, &c., by the sept 
of Art Boy in Wexford since June 1577. 

June 28. 67. Countess of Desmond to the Privy Council in England. Her 
The new Castle, husband's service and loyalty. Malbie's attack on him and his 
countries. His complaint to Lord Justice Pelham and Ormond 
rejected, and his messengers not permitted to go to England. 
Desmond put in his only son, whom the Countess presented to Drury 
at Kilmallock. Her straits and sufferings. 

June 28. 68. Treasurer Wallop to Walsyngham. Sir James Fitz Garret of 
Limerick, the Decies taken by John of Desmond. Want of bread and biscuit. 


68. i. Lord Justice Pelham to Treasurer Wallop. His journey 
with Ormond over Sliev Logher. Takes a prey of 1,500 cows, 
2,000 sheep, and some garrons. Desmond forced to forsake his 
horse and take the bog. Meeting with the Lords of the country. 
His meeting with Admiral Wynter. Victual, Clinton, and the 
boats. June 21, Dingle. 

June 29. 69. Mr. Patrick Walshe to Walsyngham. Course of his suit to 

Waterford. Her Majesty. Ormond's displeasure against him. Jasper White's 

report of Italians and Romans in Biscay. Dr. Sanders's servant 

landed in Portugal with great store of letters. Desmond but a 

small company, ranging from place to place, wanting all victuals. 

June 29. 70. Bishop of Waterford and Lismore to Walsyngham. Describes 
Waterford. the state of the city of Waterford as thoroughly given to Rome- 
runners and friars. Sir Patrick Walshe, who is coming to England 
to obtain something of Her Majesty to maintain his knighthood, is a 
counterfeit Christian and a great enemy of God's truth. David 
Clere, Dean of Waterford, an evil man and not to be made Bishop 
of Ferns. 

[June.] 71. Mr. Cusake's answer to Sir John Plunket's declaration 
against him. 






72. Privy Council to the Lord Justice, in behalf of Christopher 
Fleminge, whom they thought fit to have been placed in the office 
of Attorney General, but for Butler's appointment and reported 
sufficiency. [Draft ] 

73. Kemembrances of the Lord Grey's demands on his despatch 
into Ireland. 

VOL. LXXIV. 1580. JULY. 

July!. 1. Sir Henry Harrington to Walsyngham. Her Majesty's plea- 
Castle of Dublin. sure that he should be committed. Feagh M'Hugh and Gerald 
Owere O'Byrne, ancient enemies, now joined by their solemn oath, 
by their baghall [crosier]. Their spoiling of Maisterson and utter 
burning of Wexford, the most civil and English county. If 
Harrington were at liberty he would be able to do some service. 

July 1. 

July 2. 
Beare Haven. 

2. John Chaloner to same. Sends as a present two falcons 
and their tarsel of this year's eiry in his rocks of Lambay, by his 
servant John Ayer. Also sundry samples of the marbles of 
Lambay of rare beauty. 

3. Fulk Greville to his cousin Secretary Walsyngham. The 
description of his cruise. Meeting of the Admiral and the Lord 
Justice. They relieved his companies with bread and drink, whereof 
they had not tasted for 14 days. Taking of certain pinnaces. Most 
traitorous and villainous words of a lewd priest. O'Sullivan Beare's 
extortionate dealings with the English fishermen. The customs 
specified at length. Walsyngham to take a portion of land in 

4. Same to same, in favour of the bearer Mr. Biston. 

5. Mr. Richard Byngham to same. The Lord Justice arrived 
at the Dingle June 20. Difference of opinion as to fortification. 
Plan to distress the enemy. Five hopes of the rebel. If Monsieur 
should marry with Her Majesty it would alter religion and breed 
some stir at home. Health of the ships through the fresh victual. 

5. I. Journal of all occurrences from, June 9 to 30. Prey of 
12,000 sheep and 80 great cattle. Desmond's messenger. Many 

July 2. 6. Richard Graunt to John Thickpenny. Wheat and malt sent to 
Waterford. Youghal. More wheat arrived from Bristol whereof, 10 weys so fusty 
as to be useless. 

July 2. 7. John Martin to Captain Collier, for his friendly letters to 
Galway. England in behalf of his son the bearer, who is determined to go 
forward in his learning. 

July 2 
Beare Haven. 

July 2. 
Beare Haven. 




8. M'William Eighter to Walsyngliam. His son William has 
written with what fatherly affection Walsyngliam treats him. 
Desires that at his return he may be allowed certain in pay to serve 
Her Majesty. Latin. 

9. Treasurer Wallop and others to the Earl of Thomond. To desist 
assembling forces against the Sheriff of this county, and to be 
answerable for the forthcoming of his brother-in law Donough 
M'-I-Brien Arra. 

10. Treasurer Wallop and Mr. Waterhous to Burghley. Send the 
certificate of the victuallers so often promised. Victual Bland 
must send no more to Waterford. Beef not good. The winter store 
to be laid in by the end of September on account of the storms being 
so violent in winter. The Mayor and Corporation unwilling to further 
any service. 

July 6. 11. Extract of the above. The beef not good. 


July 4. 

Monastery of 

ayn ' 

July 5. 

July 6. 


July 6. 

July 8, 

July 9. 
July 10. 

July 10. 


1 2. Sir Henry Wallop to Walsyngham. The continual bruits from 
Spain. More danger of the Irish than of the enemies. No sound 
man in Munster. The nobles of Munster appointed to assemble at 
Cork. Continual rain. Victual. Neither the Mayor nor any in 
Limerick willing to sell or lend any wheat. Wallop bought a great 
quantity very cheap, but under promise that neither Mr. Mayor 
or the Aldermen should be informed of whom. Incloses, 

] 2. i. Patrick Doben, Mayor, to the Lord Justice or Treasurer 
Wallop. Arrival of merchants who left Bayonne in Galicia, 
June 15. Aptness of their haven for invasion. 

July 1, Waterford. Incloses , 

12 ii. Depositions of Jasper White, John Quemerford, and 
Francis Woodloke, as to the extent and activity of the preparations 
for Ireland. The Irish Bishop very inquisitive as to the Queen s 
ships off Ireland. Dr. Sanders man driven away from the Court 
of Portugal and his letters not received. 

13. Burghley's memorandum for particular contents of a warrant 
for levying 1,000 men for Ireland, and coating, victualling, &c. 

14. Certificate by Auditor Jenyson that the Queen receives no 
rent or custom out of the seneschalships of Clanconor and Calloo, 
in the county of Longford, or the ploughland called Kilmacaran in 
the county of Westmeath, desired by Theobald Dillon, gent. 

15. Burghley's memorandum for large proportions of victual for 

16. Articles between the Rt. Hon. Lord Grey and Jonas Ladbroke, 
citizen of London, indorsed as an offer for the office of General 
Victualler in Ireland. 

17. Geoffrey Fenton to the Earl of Leycestre to recommend him to 
the Lord Grey, who is said to be chosen for service in Ireland. 




July 10. 


July 11. 


July 11. 

Tower Hill. 

July 11. 


July 12. 

July 12. 


July 12. 


July 12. 

July 13. 



18. Richard Peter to Burgliley. Particulars of the meal and 
victual sent into Ireland on the 20th ult. Peter cannot conjecture 
by the wind that it is farther forward on the voyage than the West 

19. Treasurer Wallop to same. For N. White, the Master of the 
Rolls, to have payment in England of 2()0., which cannot be without 
Burghley's warrant. 

20. Edward Baeshe to same. The estimate for victualling. Mr. 
Peter to have all the land victualling. Desires Burghley would have 
his preparation of victuals viewed. Baeshe would rather be in his 
grave quick than have any spark of Her Majesty's displeasure. The 
8,000 Ib. of biscuit returned from Sir W. Wynter. 

21. Mr. Edward Fenton to Walsyngham. Relates the daily 
occurrences of the journej'', 11 June to the 30th. The Irish Lords' 
small courtesy. Prey of 2,000 kine and as many muttons. Des- 
mond's narrow escape. View of James Fitzmaurice's fortification 
at Smerwick. Desmond's disloyalty in not cutting him to pieces. 
Clancarr's house called the Palace, a name very unfit for so beggarly 
a building. Much pearl found in Lough Leane [Killarney]. Pelham's 
liberality and great care of the soldier. Ormond's honourable 
speech reprehending the disloyalty of the Irish Lords. Pity so 
fruitful and pleasant country as the sun cannot shine on better 
should be made waste. James Fitz John, who killed Sir W. 
Morgan's soldiers, slain. 

22. Sir N. Malbie to Burghley. Valour and sufficiency of the 
bearer Mr. Henry Guildford, who has served at his own expense in 
sundry dangerous services. The landing of only 20 Spaniards will 
drive all the Irish into rebellion. 

23. Same to Walsyngham. The matter between Ulick and John 
Burke for the legitimacy doth most trouble Malbie. Ulick is most 
willing to goodness. John cannot be drawn to forsake the evil 
disposed. Henry Guildford's singular commendation. Disorder at 
Burris. The Lord Justice now alters his course with the Lords of 
Munster. Malbie's letter to the Queen. Building at Roscommon. 
Mr. Guildford to have speech with Her Majesty. Ballinasloe. Sends 
the very original of the confederacy made between the Earl of 
Clanrycard and his two sons, as a conclusion by them to proceed in 
their late rebellion. 

24. Mr. John Dowdall to Walsyngham. To be a means to Her 
Majesty for him to have the fee simple of the castle named Killmane- 
hyne in the county of Waterford. 

25. Earl of Desmond to Sir W. Wynter. Wisheth opportunity to 
declare his chargeous service and received injuries. Sends two casts 
of falcons. 

26. Patrick Doben, Mayor, to Walsyngham. Thanks for his friend- 
ship. Unjustly accused by Liberge of Nantes. Sends a cast of 




July 14. 


July 14. 


July 1 4. 


July 14. 


27. Lord Justice Pelham to Burghley. Victuals. Evil hap to all 
victuals sent to Waterford. Endeavour to reform the double deal- 
ings of the Munster Lords. Some one to be made an example to all 
posterity. The fleet about to leave for want of victunl. An account 
to be taken of Pelham 's office in the Ordnance, considering his daily 

28. Same to TValsyngham. The correction of Desmond and his 
favourer the Viscount Barry to be an example of terror. Fenton 
Secretary. Pelham to compound the matter with Mr. Bellewe. 
Furtherance for his brother Spencer's suits. His diligence in the 
war. Plat for Munster. Peril in restoring the urraghs to Turlough 
Lynagh. Fulk Greville hurt in the leg. 

29. Earl of Kyldare to same. 1,200 Scots arrived. 3,000 more 
daily looked for. Turlough Lynagh watched opportunity to work 
mischief. Sends a bay nag. Sir Henry Harrington discharged of 
his band. Desires 50 of his horsemen for Pipho and 50 for himself. 

30. E. Waterhous to same. Credence to Greville of secret matters. 
Wynter's departure with the ships lamented. Plot for Munster. 
Viscount Barry's lands will bear the charges of the whole war. Prays 
for quietness in England, which will influence them in Ireland. 

31. Matters wherewith the Viscount Barry is chai'ged. Confer- 
ence between Desmond and him for a marriage. His conference with 
the Seneschal of Imokiliy at Barrycourt. Sir John of Desmond 
victualled. Traitors relieved at Inchiniback and Dowgorney. Con- 
ference with the Seneschal in the house of Donnell O'Connell. The 
slaying of 20 of Sir W. Morgan's men. Murders by his tenants 
of John M'Robert, M'Cragh O'Hartie, and others, tenants of 
John Fitz Edmonds. Viscount Roche's declaration. [Though this 
is indorsed 1581 by Burghley, it belongs to 1580. Sarrymore died 
before July 1581.] 

32. Mr. Fulk Grevilie to Walsyngham. His knowledge of the 
famous river of Shannon. Praise of the Lord Justice. His leg 
dangerously hurt among the rocks in O'Sullivan Beare's country. 
Has many messages to deliver by word of mouth. Mr. Waterhous 
has harboured him in his own bed. 

33. Mr. Baeshe to Burghley. Great precaution taken in the 
victualling. The Dreadnought, Swiftsure, and Antelope, victualled 
for two months. The four ships already under the charge of Sir 
William Wynter. Advice as to the principal charge of the victualling 
for the land service is committed to Burghley. 

July 1 4 & 15. 34. Treasurer Wallop to same. But little will be saved in checks. 

Limerick. The Commission already under the Great Seal of England for 

taking Sir E. Fy ton's account. Desires a like commission for his 

accounts. Great pains of Sir Lucas Dillon and Mr. Waterhous. 

The treasure 7,200?. 

July 1 4. 

July 14. 




July 15. 


July 15. 


July 15. 

July 17. 
July 17. 
July 17. 

July 18. 

Court at Oat- 


July 18. 


July 18. 


35. Sir W. Sentleger to Burghley for victual and money. The 
Viscount Barry More as wicked a member as ever was bred in 
Ireland. His living will answer all the charges since the rebellion 

36. E. Baeshe to same, about provision of hops. Burghley to 
confer with the Lord Grey about using victuallers. 

37. Memorial of directions to be given to the Lord Grey. The 
musters. To inquire of the Mayor of Cork for his undutifulness to 
the present Governor. The victuallers' defaults. To treat with the 
captains for the victualling of the soldiers. Accounts and monthly 
charges [Draft. Imperfect, see next] 

38. Similar memorial of directions to be given to the Lord Grey. 
Muster-master to discharge his duty. 

Instructions by the Queen for Lord Grey, appointed Lord Deputy 
of the realm of Ireland. To take upon him the government. To 
remove the false impression that the Queen has a desire to root out 
the native Irish. The war in the province of Munster. [See Dom. 
Eliz, Vol. CXXXIV., p. 626.] 

39. Certain points to be resolved by the Lords of the Council 
touching the Lord Grey's despatch, with answers in the margin by 

40. Further answers by Burghley. 

41. The Lord Grey's petitions concerning Her Majesty's service 
in Ireland, with Burghley 's answers. Grey to end the rebellion in 
Munster, and then he shall have answer about the government of 
that province. 

42. Abstract of money paid forth of the Exchequer from 30th 
June 1579 to 17th July 1580. 

43. Estimate of an additional proportion of victual for 13 days 
for the Dreadnought, Swiftsure, and Antelope, by Ed. Baeshe. 

44 Estimates by Edw. Baeshe for the two thousand pounds 
weight of hops for Ireland. 

45. Privy Council to Burghley. Warrant for issue of 63. 13s. 4d 
for two thousand weight of hops for Ireland. 

46. Archbishop of Dublin to the Privy Council. Relates what 
he has done in the case between Sir John Plunket and Mr. Edw. 
Cusake, by virtue of their letters of 1st May. Cusake's shifting and 
delays complained of. 

47. Robert Pypho to his cousin Secretary Walsyngham. The 
Earl of Kildare's great kindness to him. The toil he sustains as 
Sheriff of Dublin county this troublesome year. Thanks to Wal- 
syngham for his son Travers. Will repay expenses. 



July 18. 



48. Turlough Lynagh to Captain Pers. Matters more serious 
than usual have happened which cause his breaking the appointed 
meeting. Sends Donough M'Rory, by whom Pers must write 
particularly whatever secrets he has from the Queen or Privy 
Council, and assign a new day and place of meeting. [Latin ; 
original signed 2t);n O 

July 19. 


July 20. 

49. Chancellor Gerrarde to Walsyngham. Suspicion of secret 
treason, the Viscount Baltinglas, the O'Conors, and O'Mores being 
joined with Feagh M'Hugh O'Byrne. The Viscount so simple he 
would never attempt rebellion of himself. 

50. Sir N. Malbie to same. The Irish are not in jest, but 
rebellion is in every quarter. O'Rourke within these five days has 
broken his castle of Leitrim, and stands ready to join with O'Donnell 
when he shall come. The Baron of Dungannon has assured Sir E. 
Moore that O'Donnell will attack him, and O'Neill the Baron. If 
there be any care of the realm, there must be no care of charges. 
Pelham has sent two bands to Malbie. Incloses, 

50. I. Covenant of Sir Brian O'Rourke to deliver his son 
Brian at the castle of Athlone to the custody of Sir N. Malbie the 
6th July next. June 28 [Roscommori]. 

51. Sir William Stanley to Walsyngham, respecting the soldiers 
he is to take charge of for Ireland. 

52. Note of victual and hops laden in the Greyhound, of London, 
for Limerick, for 200 soldiers for two months. 

53. Marmaduke Middleton, Bishop of Waterford and Lismore, 
to Walsyngham. Rome itself holdeth no more superstition than 
Waterford. A ruler to be appointed to govern the city at their 
charges. The rebels are supplied with wine and the Lord Justice 
with water for 20 days together. Their lewd speeches. Sir Patrick 
Walshe is one of the worst. Robert Poore the Jesuit. Desires the 
bishoprick of Ferns in commendam. 

54. Earl of Ormond to same. Relation of his last journey. 
Marched from Cashel June 4), victualled for one month. The Lord 
Barry committed for justifying himself for things wherein he was 
blameworthy. The Archbishop of Dublin has dealt rashly in the 
examination, &c. of the Lord of Upper Ossory. Thomas Maisterson's 
ill demeanour in executing Brian-E-Cullen, a gentleman that served 
with Ormond. Desires to know how to deal with Desmond and 
Sir James if they sue to be received. Sir John of Desmond the 
most rank villain in the world. Pact by Piers Grace and others to 
spoil Ormond. 

July 22. 55. Same to Burghley. Falsehood of reports, as the overthrow 
of Ormond and his companies. The traitors never offered to fight 
in the field. His friendship. 

July 22. 56. N. White, Master of the Rolls, to same. A diary of the last 
Waterford. journey. The particulars of the journey mentioned in other letters. 

July 20. 


July 20. 

July 21. 

July 21. 





July 22. 

July 22. 


July 22. 

July 22. 

July 22. 


July 23. 


July 24. 



White sends as a present to Burghley Dr. Sanders 's "sanctus bell, and 
another toy after the manner of a crosse supporting a booke " with 
the remainder to Mrs. Blanche Avhen Burghley has done with them. 
White and Pelham gather cockles for supper. Ventry called in Irish 
Coon Fyntra or Whitesand Haven. The Dingle, Coon edaf deryck 
or Red Ox Haven, for the drowning of an ox brought over by the 
first Englishmen from Cornwall. Surnames of the inhabitants. 
An English gent, named De la Cousen gave his name to Dingle de 
Couse or Dingle Gush. Captain Frobisher's new found riches 
perished at Sin er wick, of which the Irish name is Ard Canny or 
Canicius's height [the hermit]. Ormond's march known by his 
fires in Valentia. Clancarr and other Lords imprisoned for not 
minding the charge committed to them by the Lord Justice ; the 
reproaches uttered against them by Ormond. All received to mercy 
but Barrymore, who is committed for trial. Sir James of the Decies 
taken prisoner and carried to Desmond. 

57- The Lord Justice's interrogatories to the Earl of Clancarr 
and the Lords and Gentlemen of Munster, restrained, as to the jus- 
tice of the proclamation against Desmond. 

58. N. White, Master of the Rolls, to Walsyngham. Mr. Fulk 
Greville's cabin stored with books, sea cards [charts], &c. He filled 
White's pockets with bread and cheese. All the Lords of Munster 
drawn into the Lord Justice's hands by the Earl of Ormond. 
Desires Her Majesty's good and gracious opinion. Favour to 
Mr. Wise attending at Court. 

59. Geoffrey Fenton to Burghley. He is sworn Her Majesty's 
Secretary in Ireland, chiefly upon the recommendation of Burghley. 
Desires to be confirmed in that place by letters patent from Her 

60. Same to the Earl of Leycestre. His new office. Good policy 
of the Lord Justice. The Viscount Barry to be made an example. 

61. Note of money paid for Ireland upon the 5,OOOZ. Privy Seal 
of 21 June 1580. 

62. James Viscount Baltinglas to the Earl of Kildare. Promises 
to meet him at the bridge of Ballimore to morrow about 12 o'clock. 
Earnest persuasion to join in rebellion. 

63. Sir Patrick Walslie to Walsyngham. News from Rochelle 
by Nicholas Walshe. 60 vessels prepared in Biscay and the Asturias 
by Romans and Italians to annoy Ireland. 

64. Earl of Ormond to same. Sends the traitorous letter of 
Baltinglas. Incloses, 

64. i. Viscount Baltinglas to the Earl of Ormond. The in- 
tention he has to persist in his course. If Thomas Becket, Bishop 
of Canterbury, had never suffered death in defence of the Church 
Thomas Butler, alias Bccket, U'ould never have been Earl of 




The evil condition of the 


July 24 65. Sir W. Stanley to Burghley. 
Hillbree. soldiers given to his charge. 

July 26. 66. Capt. John Zouche to Walsynghain. Baltinglas's rebellion 
Dublin. the more dangerous because he coloureth it with religion. Many 
stayed from joining him by the news of the Lord Grey's coming. The 
rebels in Munster distressed. As few good subjects in the Pale as 
in any place in the world. Soldiers' need and toil. Pelham a most 
upright and just man. Grey must be well friended at Court. 
Commendations of the bearer. 

July 26. 67. Mr. Anthony Power to same. Walsyngham/s letter renews 
At the Passage. hi s life 20 years more. To have eye to the cities that are all Popish. 
This noble gentleman Sir William Pelham hath had good success in 
all his attempts. 

July 26. 


July 26. 


July 27. 


July 28. 


July 28. 

68. Patk. Doben, Mayor, to same. Commends Robert Walshe, 
who like a good subject presented the letter and messenger sent to 
him from Baltinglas. Desires a supply of 1,000 calivers, 2,000 wt. 
of match and 100 barrels of powder. Incloses, 

63. I. Viscount Baltinglas to [Robert Walshe] to send 40 
crowns to his brother Richard at Paris. Also to supply him ivith 
wine, powder, &c. during his rebellion. [Copy.] 

July 18, Baltinglas. 

69. Mr. Richard Shee to Walsyngham. His answer to the 
accusation that he was a maintainer of popish priests, Jesuits, &c. 

70. Treasurer Wallop to Burghley, as to the mode of paying the 
Lady of Thame's concordatum of 1,000 marks. 

71. Lord Justice Pelham to same. Has received the most 
comfortable letter of Burghley's own hand concerning the corning of 
Lord Grey. Will make a present to the Lord Grey of the Nobles 
that have ability to make war or peace. Fears he will be bewitched 
by them. The muster rolls and proportions of victual demanded, 
must have been intercepted or concealed from Burghley. 

72. Earl of Ormond to Walsyngham. There is not a naughtier 
or more dangerous man in Ireland than the Baron of Upper Ossor}\ 
Piers Grace in Aharlow Woods watches to do some great mischief. 
Some at Court have dealt secretly for Desmond to be received to 
mercy for Ormoiid's disgrace. The Lord Justice is faithful, but 
there are many unknown lets laid in his way. Exculpation, of 
Richard Shee. Dr. White and Dr. Quemerford. There are who 
can rather devise many lies than do one piece of service. Commends 
Sir George Bourchier. Incloses, 

72 i. P. Doben, Mayor, to Ormond. Ills proceedings with the 
messenger that brought Baltinglas's letter. 

July 26, Waterford. Incloses, 

72. II. Viscount Baltinglas to R. Walshe. July 18, Baltinglas. 



July 28. 

July 28. 

July 29. 


July 29. 


July 29. 


July 29. 

July 30. 

July 31. 


July 31. 



73. [Sir John Plunket] to Walsyngham. Avouches the truth 
of his book formerly sent over. To help a speedy end of his cause 
with Cusake. 

74. Jo. de Burgo, i.e. John Burke, to same, that he may receive 
Her Majesty's gracious pardon, and his former offences to be 

75. Lord Justice Pelham to same. Has received 10 letters since 
the despatch of his brother Spenser. Has set the Spaniards at Cork 
at liberty. Friendship to the Bishop of Ossory. Friendship to the 
Chancellor. Willing to serve under Lord Grey. The starting of 
the Pale cannot long keep Desmond upright. Sir W. Sentleger the 
author of the device to coop up the loose Lords. If the foreign aid 
come, few will stick to Her Majesty. Sir L. Dillon most faithful. 
80 sail of well appointed ships expected. Arrival of victuals. 
Want of coals, horse shoes, and nails. [There is a copy of the 
Inclosure in 1583, Oct. 20. It is dated 1580, July 17.] 

76. Plot how Her Majesty may maintain 
Munster without any charge to herself. 

1,000 soldiers in 

77. Lord Chancellor Gerrarde to Burghley. The Viscount 
Baltinglas has the oaths of Turlough Lynagh, O'Donnell, O'Rourke, 
O'Conor Sligo, Byrnes, Tooles, Kavanaghs, O'Conors, O'Mores, and 
the hearts of almost all. Harrington's town of Newcastle burnt. 
Earl of Kildare. Sir W. Stanley's soldiers raw and unfurnished. 
The rebels display the Pope's banner. Has hired a pinnace with 
oars against the wind to row over these advertisements. 

78. Mr. G. Fenton to Walsyngham. The general ill effect of Bal- 
tinglas's rebellion in the Pale. The Desmonds and Turlough Lynagh 
have kindled this fire to divert the war. The Governor to have 
power to correct the diseases of the land. Fruitfulness of 

79. Sir W. Stanley to same. His happy arrival. It is hard 
to find in Dublin any of the Irish that are to be trusted. Of 120 
calivers given him at Chester scarce 20 serviceable. 

80. William Glaseour to Burghley. Victualling. The Lord 
Deputy came to Chester the 28, and went yesterday to Beaumaris. 
Receipt of 300L in gold. Has received 8,882. 18s. for Treasurer 

81. Mr. John Thorns to same. Arrived at Limerick the 29th, 
with four ships all in good safety. He met with Sir W. Wynter off 
Baltimore the 25th, and delivered to him the four ships of sea 
victuals. Has served the Queen's ships 28 years, and his father 40 
years before him. 

82. E. Waterhous to same. Cork quieted since the restraint of 
the Lords. Sir W. Sentleger to have Her Majesty's letter. Spanish 




July 31. 


wines stand Her Majesty in 7d., French in 4d. the quart ; loss thereby. 
Not so convenient for the health of the soldiers as beer. The 
Corporation has not a crane or a lighter. 

83. Articles indented between the Lord Justice Pelham and 
Edward Waterhous for restraining of kerne upon the river of 
Shannon. The fords of Bannagh and Killaloe to be cut. A continual 
ward at Meleek to stop the passage of undutiful people, and another 
ward between Bridgetown and Castleconnell. [Copy.] 

Aug. 1. 

Aug. 1. 

Aug. 2. 

Beare Haven. 

Aug. 2. 

Beare Haven. 

Aug. 2. 


Aug. 3. 



1. Treasurer Wallop to Burghley. Sends Burton and Richard 
Wyngfeld for more treasure. 503Z. 6s. Irish on the checks. Im- 
policy of filling the bands with Irish. The allowance to the Master 
of the Rolls. Francis Mylles to receive Her Majesty's treasure, 
instead of Alderman Martin. Incloses, 

1. i. Certificate of treasure received and disbursed. 

2. Mr Glaseour to Burghley. Will proceed with the victualling. 


2. i. Chancellor Gerrarde to Mr. Glaseour for the speedy sending 
of victuals. July 29, Dublin. 

3. Fulk Greville to Walsyngham His being at Limerick the 
cause that his hand was not with the Admiral's and Byngham's. 
Letters of the Countess of Desmond. 

4. R. Byngham to same. The traitors are daunted. The 
beggarly rogue by flying and retiring into unknown deserts thought 
to weary Pelham. Desmond made means to have conference with 
the Admiral. His followers weary of hard diet. Chase of a pinnace 
of Biscay. Receive Sir Owen O'Sulli van's castle of Beare 
Haven. Sir John of Desmond and the Seneschal resolved to take 
no conditions. 

5. Sir L. Dillon to same. Faithfulness of his house. Soldiers 
in continual pursuit of the rebels. The cold Lords to pay the 
expenses of the rebellion. Thanks for his great goodness to Theobald 

6. Lord Chancellor Gerrarde to Burghley. He often heard 
Burghley wish when they had nothing to advertise they would say 
so. 500 men left at the Naas under Gormanstown. Adam Loftus 
the Archbishop of Dublin, is afraid all our throats will be cut. Kil- 
dare's lament that Gerald Fitzmaurice was fled to the traitors. 
Kildare said the Queen had not 700 soldiers where she paid for 
1,300, and wished all who so falsely used her were hanged. 



Aug. 3. 


Aug. 3. 

Aug. 4. 


Aug. 4. 

Aug. 4. 


Aug. 5. 

Aug. 5. 


7. Mr. Nicholas Nugent to Walsyngham. Thankful acknowledg- 
ment of his good offices in placing him as Chief Justice of the Common 

8. Baron of Upper Ossory to the Earl of Leycestre. His innocence 
in the matter of Pers Grace. 

9. Sir W. Morgan to Burghley. Driven back from the Land's End 
by contrary wind. 300 of his soldiers without officers. Mr. Cham- 
berlain and Mr. Brown, the Aldermen, very zealous. Obliged to land 
his soldiers, many being very sick, and some dead with the heat. 
Riot about conduct money. 

10. Same to Walsyngham. Adverse wind. To comfort John 
Fitz Edmunds with a letter, and procure him a concordatum. If 
Cork refuse to admit the soldiers, they must trust to John Fitz 
Edmunds' three castles. His soldiers very ill chosen. Hewson, who 
stole away the bark from Youghal, not to be pardoned. 

11. Mr Anthony Hungerford to same. Has received the 100 
soldiers from Sir W. Morgan. Want of powder and shot to train 
them, &c. 

12. Chancellor Gerrarde to same. Recommends the building 
of forts in the mountains near Dublin, and placing English there. 
Gerrarde's suit to be remembered. The Baron of Dungannon is 
present with Gerrarde. If he could trust any Irish, his words would 
allure him. He has agreed to come to England. The rebels have 
not left a cow from the Wynde gates to Colranan. The soldiers 
eight months behind of their pay. Secret mystery revealed to the 
Archbishop of Dublin makes him doubtful all our throats will be 
cut. The Earl of Kildare's accusation of all in pay. Mr. Zouche. 

12. I. Baron of Delvyn to Chancellor Gerrarde. His ancestors 
were never spotted in blood, and have always from the conquest 
been servitors to the Crown. Feagh Af 'Hugh's false report of him. 

July 26, Naas. 

12. II. Viscount Gormanstown to same. The conspiracy great 
and the infection further spread than can be well judged of. The 
bearer will declare a great part of the hidden secrets. 

July 28, Naas. 

12. in. Sir Edivard Moore to same. Preparations of Italians 
in Biscay. Every Spaniard full of the conquest of Ireland. 

July 28. Extract. 

12. iv. Bishop of St. David's to same. As to the continuance of 
the College of Brecknock and the livings of many learned men, 
members of the same. June 4, Abergwylly. 

13. Henry SheflTeld to Burghley, for a letter of commendation to 
the Lord Grey. His appointment of serjeant-major to follow the 
Earl of Ormond. Mr. Zouche the bearer. 


1580. VOL.LXXV. 

Aug. 5. 14. Thomas Maria Wyngfelde to Walsyngh ira. Has been con- 
Dublin, tinually with the Lord Justice in service. Pi ays commendations to 

the Lord Grey that he may have charge of some of the new 


[Aug. 5.] 15. Instructions given to Mr. Zouche by Chancellor Gerrarde' 
Adam Loftus the Archbishop of Dublin, and the Earl of Kildare* 
Letters to the Privy Council and the Lord Grey. Force of the 
rebels. Prospects. Need of sufficient munition and force. 

Aug. 6. 1 6. Memorial for victuals to be provided for Ireland by the Lord 

Aug. 6. 17. P. Grante to the Earl of Ormond. Relation of sessions, exe- 
Cork. cution, and service in Cork. Justice Walshe and Sir Cormac 
M'Teige. Clandermonds made friends with Sir Cormac. Con- 
nogher M'M.ahoune's head sent to Cork. Sir Cormac and his 
brethren, Donyll ny countie and Kallekhane [Callaghan], follow the 
prey of Muskerry, slay 70 persons and take Sir James of Desmond 
prisoner. Donyll's wound in the neck. Grant's office of gentleman 

18. Note delivered to the Privy Council of the particulars 
whereon Patrick Grant was commanded by the Earl of Ormond, Lord 
General of Munster, to crave their Honours' resolution. A general 
pardon to the gentlemen and inhabitants of Munster, the Earl of 
Desmond only excepted. To have warrant to build a bridge on 
the great water at Moalley and to repair Castlemaigne. 

Aug. G. 19. Sir Warhame Sentleger to the Earl of Ormond. Sir Cormac 
Cork. M'Teige's service worthy of great commendation, and a full requital 
of his former slackness. Sir James of Desmond greatly desired to 
have his head cut off, whereby he might not be brought to Cork. 

Aug. 6. 20. James Dowdall and Captain W. Pers to the Council at 

Camp at Toom. Dublin. The proclamation through Turlough Lynagh's camp for 

none of his followers to harm Her Majesty's subjects on pain of 

death. A proclamation in the corporate towns for confirmation of 

the peace with Turlough recommended. 

Aug. 7. 21. Money for Ireland, from 19 Aug. 1579 to 7 Aug. 1580. 
Aug. 7. 22. Memorandum by Burghley for victualling Ireland. 

Aug. 7. 23. Memorandum for victualling ships and furnishing soldiers, by 

Aug. 8. 24. Privy Council to the Lord Deputy. Sir W. Wynter to be 
informed of the determination to continue the ships in service off 
the western coast till the middle of October. [Extract] 

Aug. 8. 25. Earl of Ormoud to Walsyngham. Good service of Sir Cormac 

Limerick. M'Teige, who hath taken Sir James of Desmond. Piers Butler 

attacked near Arlo [Aharlow], but he slew eight of the rebels and 

sent their heads to Cash el. The new start up rebels beneath the 


2. Q 



Aug. 8. 

Camp near 

Aug. 8. 

Camp near 

Aug. 8. 

Aug. 8. 

Aug. 9. 


Aug. 12. 


Aug. 12. 

Aug. 13. 


Aug. 13. 



26. G. Fenton to Burghley. Some of the garrison of Kilmallock 
being abroad all night, met with Sir John of Desmond and 
Dr. Sanders well appointed. They left nine dead, but got away in 
the dark. Rory M'Shee, a chief leader of the Earl, has come in. 
Protection for Pelham against malice and envy. 

27. Same to the Earl of Leycestre. The prisoners say that John 
of Desmond was going to Baltinglas. The rebels cry out of 
the juggling of Sanders. The nobles of Munster now no more dare 
to relieve the rebels. P.S. The Countess has come in, with the same 
" impudencie " wherewith she has covered her face since her first 
breaking out, and would take upon her to work Desmond's sub- 

28. Robert Pypho and R. Colman to Walsyngham. They will 
attend on the Earl of Kildare against the enemies. 

29. Note of remains of powder and munition at Limerick, with a 
supply to be sent thither. 

30. Treasurer Wallop to Walsyngham. A friar, who pretended to 
be the Pope's standard bearer, taken. The Archdeacon of Limerick 
taken by Sir Cor mac M'Teige. The garrison of Kilmallock, follow- 
ing after the Earl and his brother, slew 30, and sore hurt Sir 
John of Desmond. John Browne, Captain Apsley's father-in-law, 
slain by Mr. Thos. Norreys. Horses all spent. Impolicy in the 
miserable payment of the horseman. He cannot keep two horses 
and his boy out of 6|cZ. per diem. Sir N. Malbie is in the field 
against O'Rourke, with 1,500 men, English and Irish. 

31. Copy of most of the above. 

32. Pat. Doben, Mayor, to Walsyngham, to deliver his letter to 
Her Majesty, detailing the taking of Sir James of Desmond. 

33. Examination of William Carusse, of Drogheda, merchant, 
before Chancellor Gerrarde. Relation of his voyage out of Tenby, 
in the Gift of God, his captivity in Spain, circumstances and pre- 

34. Treasurer Wallop to Walsyngham. His opinions formerly 
communicated to Her Majesty relative to Kildare and Orinond were 
well founded. Desmond would have fainted but for the stir in the 
Pale. Incloses, 

34. i. Chancellor Gerrarde to Treasurer Wallop. Difficulty in 
raising soldiers and provision against Baltinglas. Offers to 
entertain Lady Wallop and her little sweet babes. Aug. 7, Dublin. 

35. G. Fenton to Walsyngham. John of Desmond and Saunders 
have passed into the Pale to give comfort to Baltinglas. The 
gentlemen of Munster wish to come in. Countess of Desmond 
licensed yesterday to have access to Pelham. She wanted no im- 
pudency to defend her husband, but in the end confessed his traitorous 
falling away, and her own ill operations. If Malbie were sent by 
the Council's authority into the Pale, his presence would be to 
especial purpose to quench that fire. 



Aug. 13. 


Aug. 13. 


Aug. 13. 


Aug. 13. 


Aug. 14. 

Aug. 14. 

Aug. 14. 


Aug. 14. 


36. Mr. Edw. Waterhous to Burghley, in answer to his of 12th 
July at Nonsuch. Many letters and certificates must have been 
kept back by the clerks of the Council in England. Numbers of 
men. Particulars as to victuals. Great robbery by the captains 
and carriers of the victual. 

37. Same to Walsyngham. Thanks for procuring him the ward- 
ship of Mary Agarde. Will deal, next spring, with Lord Paget, 
and with the match with Mr. Harrington. Mr. Greville is well. 
Discharge of galleys and argosies in Spain. Ormond is drawn by 
private injuries from attending the common cause. Upper Ossory's 
country should be shired. 

38. W. Glaseour to Burghley. The biscuit which the Lord 
Chancellor certifieth to be fusty. The month's provision shipped. 
The Lord Deputy embarked with Captain George Thornton. 

39. Sir W. Morgan to same. Coat and conduct money. The 
Mayor and officers have done their duties faithfully. 

40. Lord Deputy Grey and Council to the Privy Council. Arro- 
gant message from Baltinglas and Feagh M'Hugh. Grey has entered 
into the Government, and written to Pelham to send the Treasurer 
with the sword. Pelham and Ormond to continue the service upon 
Desmond. Grey proceeds to the Naas the 18th ; thence to Colranan. 
Messengers in Turlough Lynagh's camp from Desmond, O'Rourke, 
and Baltinglas. Will cautiously answer the petitions he sends with 
his secretary. Agnes M'Donnell, with 2,000 Scots, has preyed Con 
M'Neill Oge's country. Sorleboy's threats. The Queen is in great 
debt to the soldiers. [Copy.] Inclose, 

40. i. Sir H. Wallop and Council to the Chancellor and 
Council. Sir James of Desmond is to take his trial by law at 
Cork. Sir John of Desmond has lost his baggage and more of his 
people slain. Clancarr remains under commandment in this city, 
Viscount Barry and others in the Castle. David Barry has done 
an exploit. Aug. 7, Limerick. 

40. n. Dowdall and Pers to the Council at Dublin. Turlough 
Lynagh's proclamation. The holding him in good terms would be 
a means to cut off many rebels. Aug. 6, Camp at Toome. 

41. Lord Justice Pelham to Burghley. Sir C. M'Teig's good 
service. Kerne, found hidden in the bushes, executed. Fruits of the 
restraint of the Lords. Mr. Norreys valiantty behaved himself. 
A winter provision to be sent before the end of September. 

42. Chancellor Gerrarde to Walsyngham. Sir N. Malbie's sudden 
arrival. He has re-edified the castle, and put a guard in it ; slain 
many of the Scots, and put the rest to flight. Has left sufficient 
Irish forces to curb O'Rourke. 

43. Treasurer Wallop to Burghley. Is grieved that Burghley 
conceives of his negligence, that in seven months he should not 
certify the number of the garrisons. Wallop has written every 15 

Q 2 




Aug. 14. 

Aug. 15. 


Aug. 15. 


Aug. 16. 


Aug. 16. 


Aug. 16. 


Aug. 17. 



or 20 days. Details the subjects of the many books he has sent in 
that time. Victualling. The Queen indebted 13,00()Z, at the end of 
July. 2,000. desired to be paid in England to Ormond's man. 

44. Rates for victualling of soldiers for Ireland, indorsed as 
Mr. Abington's. 

45. Adam Loftus, Archbishop of Dublin, to Secretary Dr. Thomas 
Wylson. Proceedings in the examination and hearing of the matter 
in controversy grown for the abbey of Dunbrody, claimed by the 
Lady Ichingham and Edward her son, against the interest of Sir 
William Drury, late Lord Justice. 

46. State of Sir William Drury's title to the barony of Dun- 

47. Reasons for the controversy between Mr. White and Mr. 
Ichingham, for the abbey of Dunbrody, to be dismissed from the 
course of commission to the common law. 

48. Brief of the conveyance of the estate of the barony of Dun- 
brody to Sir William Drury ; with mention of his three daughters 
at the time of his decease, and the gift of the Lady of Thame to two 
of them. 

49. Earl of Clanrycard to Walsyngham. For a loan of money. 
For letters to Sir N. Malbie, to put his steward in possession of all 
his lands, saving Belanasloy [Ballinasloe]. His grief in being for- 
bidden Her Majesty's presence. Offer to surrender all his living 
in Ireland for a living in England. To prefer his pardon. 

50. Warrant for the distribution of the 1,000 marks, due by 
proclamation, for the killing of James Fitzmaurice. 

51. William Glaseour to Lord Burghley. Has delivered the 
treasure to Wallop's servants. Victual. Coat and conduct money. 
This day is buried Mr. Goodman, the late Mayor. Incloses, 

51. I. Treasurer Wallop s letter of attorney authorizing Robt. 
Pistor, Francis Mylles, W. Burton, and Richard Wyngfeld to 
receive treasure. July 29. 

52. W. Glaseour to Burghley. Sends the original warrant or 
letter of attorney, whereon he delivered the treasure to Wallop's 

53. Sir N. Malbie to Walsyngham. Account of his service against 
O'Donnell and O'Rourke. O'Donnell dissolved his forces. He re- 
edifies the castle of Leitrim. His charge on the Scots and other 
forces led on by Ulick Burke. He sends Furres', Carew's, and 
Stanley's bands to the assistance of the Pale. His meeting with 
the Lord Deputy Grey. He uses the thauist Brian O'Rourke as an 
Oliver against Rowland. Incloses, 

53. i. Brian O'Rourke to Sir N. Malbie. His repair to Athlone 
to confer on O'Gonor Sligo's letter. Desires Malbie's ivarrant to 
serve upon O'Rourke till his return. Desires his patent of the 
sheriff ship. Aug. 13, Athlone. 



Aug. 17. 


Aug. 17. 

Aug. 18. 


Aug. 18. 


Aug. 18. 


Aug. 19. 

Aug. 20. 


Aug. 20. 


Aug. 20. 


Aug. 20. 

Voi,. LXXV. 

54. Sir N. Malbie to Walsyngham. John Brown, the wisest of 
Desmond's councillors, slain by Capt. Norreys. Turlough Lynagh's 
proud demands. The Lord Deputy and Council have temporized 
with him. His wife, her daughter, and Sorley Boy M'Donnell, 
make a new Scotland of Ulster. O'Rourke was wrought to rebel 
by some of the English Pale. 

55. Note of the victual provided by the Mayor of Chester for 
5,000 soldiers transported into Ireland for 14 days, with the wants 
quoted in the margin upon the particulars of every bark's head 
under the hand of Francis Lany. 

56. Thomas Might to Mr. Baeshe. Corn, &c. to be sent from the 
Severn, Bristol, and London to serve the garrisons at Limerick, 
Cork, Kilmallock, Youghal, and other places for six months. To 
have a new copper, and some good brewers and bakers. 

57. William Glaseour to Burghley. Details of the victualling 
proceedings. Mr. Abington's rate. Earl of Derby and the Bishop's 
Chancellor at his house all yesterday. Sir John Southorth's 
obstinacy and confinement for causes ecclesiastical. Corselets for 
the Lancashire soldiers. 

58. Captain William Pers, the elder, to Walsyngham. Turlough 
Lynagh very tractable, but requests his urraghs. His secret and 
solemn protest that if he might have his request, he would not leave 
a Scot in Ireland. Benefit of his proclamation made the very 
instant that the Desmonds, Baltinglas, and O'Rourke's messengers 
were with him. Great Ardes spoiled by the Scots. Turlough 
Lynagh's wife. Pers's plot. Captain Crayford's outrages by land 
and sea. 

59. Bishop of Waterford and Lismore to Walsyngham. The 
traitors to receive no mercy. Daily expectation to have the mass in 
public. Baltinglas is termed the Pope of Ireland. R. Walshe. 

60. John Abington to Burghley. Victuals for Ireland. Eland's 

61. W. Glaseour to same. The fault found with the provision 
of victuals lately sent partly imputed to Glaseour, who had charge to 
provide it. The fault was in a pipe of biscuit of Liverpool baking 
which was exchanged by the owner of the ship for the good biscuit. 
Has delivered the Council's letter to the Mayor, Sir John Savage, Sir 
Hugh Cholmundeley and others, to assist in the provision making. 

62. Hugh Rogerson, Mayor, Sir Hugh Cholmundeley, &c. Com- 
missioners for the provision, to the Privy Council. Proceedings. 
Recommend to send wheat and malt instead of beer and biscuit 
into Ireland. 

63. Auditor Jenyson's book of the debts in Ireland grown in the 
times of Fytzwylliam, Essex, and Sydney being 9,284. 12s. 3c2. 
still unpaid. 

64. A very similar but not identical book. 



Aug. 21. 



His sudden 

Aug. 22. 
Aug. 24. 


Aug. 25. 


Aug. 25. 

Barn Elms. 

Aug. 28. 


65. Capt. W. Piers, the elder, to Walsyngharn. 

sickness. Turlough Lynagh brake his day with him three times. 
The interview effectual. William Smythe's foolish setting the 
country in an uproar, and ill usage of the adventurers' agent. The 
Scots who preyed the Great Ardes gone to O'Donnell and O'Rourke. 
Pers as yet without pension or pay. 

66. Note of money paid to Treasurer Wallop since Oct. 1579. 

67. John Abington to Burghley. Has sent Eland's account 
from 3 Aug. 1579 to 12 Nov. following. The Mayor and Mr. Chester 
promise to do great service in this provision. Sir W. Morgan is 
gone towards Ireland with a good wind. 

68. William Glaseour to same. Departure of the soldiers with 
fair wind. Capt. Thomas Maria Wyngfelde sent by the Deputy to 
conduct the soldiers. Victualling. Incloses, 

68. i. Breviate of victuals provided by W. Glaseour and sent in 
the Martin of Helbree, J. Hogge, Master. Aug. 24. 

69. Walsyngham to the Earl of Clanrycard. To send his bond 
ready made for the sum he now requires, and for that he has already 

70. Captain Gilbert Yorke to Burghley. Certifies his safe arrival 
by the bearer, John Thorns, after a long passage. 

[Aug. 28.] 71. The Queen to the Lord Deputy Grey for performance of the 
articles indented by Lord Justice Pelham, for restraint of idle 
kerne and loose people on the fords and shoals of the Shannon. 

72. Memorandum for propounding the above draft in Council. 

Aug. 28. 
Aug. 28. 


Aug. 28. 


Aug. 29. 


73. Earl of Ormond to the Lord Deputy Grey. Trial of Sir 
James of Desmond. His examination. Sir John of Desmond and 
Piers Grace burn Ormond's towns, and assault Piers Butler in the 
abbey of Leix. The Baron of Upper Ossory suffers them to pass 
with the prey. 

74. George Hervy to same. John of Desmond and the Mores 
have burnt the abbey of Leix and other towns on the borders. 
Attempt to kill Mr. Berns and his men. His fort threatened with 

75. Hugh Magennis to same. Turlough Lynagh has preyed 
him of 400 kine, 60 mares, 200 swine, 300 sheep, and killed 
16 of his followers. License of revenge. Scots at Loughfoyle. 

Aug 29. 76. Mr. John Abington to Burghley. 
Hindiipp. from 12 Nov. 1579. 

Sends Bland's account 

Aug. 30. 


77. Chancellor Gerrarde to same. Turlough's message. To be 
supreme in government. To have all his urraghs, the keeping of 
the Blackwater, and 100 men in pay at Her Majesty's charge. 
Deputy Grey's plausible speech and message returned by his secre - 




Aug. 30. 

Aug. 31. 

Aug. 31. 


Aug. 31. 

Aug. 31. 


Aug. 31. 


Aug. 31. 


Aug. 31. 


tary. O'Rourke's letters of great submission. Two friars taken 
confess that the whole of the bringing in of J ames Fitzmaurice and 
the foreigner was by Desmonds device. Captain Garret and 50 
shot of Kildare gone to the rebels. Division among the O'Conors. 

78. H. Astell to Walsyngham, to excuse him for not taking 

79. Lord Deputy Grey to same. The conspiracy through Ire- 
land is so general, that without a main force it will not be appeased. 
Maryborough and Philipstown threatened. Reasons why he has 
appointed the soldiers to Thos. Maria Wyngfelde, Jenkins, and 
Zouche. Sir N. Malbie to be thanked for his assistance. Cold 
service and unsound dealing generally. To send preachers. Gerrarde 

80. Chancellor Gerrarde to same. Hard hap in entering the 
rebels' fastness. Gout in both feet. The Earl and Sir John of 
Desmond severed, the one doubtful of the other. 

81. Same to same. Sir James of Desmond having been brought 
to trial and condemned, is reprieved and yet liveth. 

82. Sir N. Malbie to [same]. Grey's great courage after our 
loss, could not have been bettered by Hercules. The best of the 
Irish being in company with us cannot be made to do anything 
against the rebellious Papists. A base son of Sir Edmund Butler's 
has joined Baltinglas with 100 swords. Ormond's brother Edward 
is out with 100 swords. The new-come soldiers to have money, 
and no more red and blue coats to be provided. The Irish kerne 
and shot join the rebels, with arms out of Her Majesty's store. 
Malbie sick. 

83. Sir William Stanley to same. The unhappy exploit in the 
Glen the 25th of August minutely described. " When we entered 
the foresaid glen we were forced to slide some tymes 3. or 4. fedoras 
or we colde staie our feete ; it was in depth, where we entred, at the 
least a myle, full of stones, rocks, bogs, and wood, in the bottome 
thereof a ryver full of lose stones, which we were dry ven to crosse 
diverse tymes. So longe as our leaders kept the bottome, the oddes 
of the sermych [skirmish] was on our syde. But our coroneld 
[colonel] being a corpolent man not hable to endure travaile, before 
we were hallf through the glen, which was foure myles in length, 
ledd us up the hill/' The slain were Sir Peter Carewe, Captain 
Audley and his lieutenant ; old Captain Francis Cosbie, Mr. George 
More, George Staffarde and others, about 30. 

84. Baron of Dungannon to Lord Deputy. Turlough Lynagh's 
intention to invade the Pale. Grey to send forces immediately 
to defend the borders. Has 25 horsemen in pay and desires 

85. Note of powder, munition, and coals, sent into Ireland from 
10th May to 31 August 1580. 





86. Wheat and malt laden out of Gloucester by Mr. Bland from 
14th June to 24th August. 

87. Auditor Jenyson's petitions touching his office and present 
repair into Ireland. Particulars. Prays that Her Majesty's letters 
may be directed to Thomas Cotton, his apprentice and clerk 14 years, 
commanding him presently to return to his charge in Ireland, 
which he has quitted without Jenyson's leave. 

88. Names of divers rebels taken and slain. 

Sept. 2. 

Sept. 2. 



1. Sir N. Bagenall to Lord Deputy Grey. Sends T. Lynagh's 
letter. The party for whose death he challengeth Magennis so hotly 
was a most notorious thief and murderer. Turlough with 5,000 
men assuredly bent to mischief, and has vowed to have his 
urraghs. [ CopyJ] 

2. John Fitz Henry to Sir Nc Malbie. O'Rourke expected to 
attack them. Lieutenant Stanley has taken great pains. This day 
Watar Fadose's sons are burning Hobarde Bweyese country. The 
Court is three parts done and four windows up. Mr. 
followers- have spoiled R. Bathe's castle of all he had. 

Sept. 3. 3. John Newton to same. O'Rourke and O'Conor Roe having 
Roscommon. burned some of Hubard Boye's country were repulsed. None to be 
trusted. Hubard Boy, Tomolty Oge, and Brian M'Dermod. Certain 
of the Kellies, which are Mr. Strange's men, have gone out. 

Sept. 3. 4. Nathaniel Smith to same. To come speedily with four or 
Roscommon. five bands, or the revolt in Connaught will grow general. O'Rourke 
will encamp in these parts so long as his prey cows last. 

Sept. 3. 5. Sir Hugh O'Reilly to the Lord Deputy and Council. Sends 
Cavan. Turlough Lynagh's letter, desiring him to come with the best 
in his country. O'Reilly will not fulfil his desires, and prays 
for aid. 

Sept. 3. 6. Baron of Dungannon to the Lord Deputy. His brother Art 
O'Neill, M'Donnell, and O'Hanlon are gone to Turlough Lynagh 
with the most part of Dungannon's creates. There is none to gather 
his harvest. He hides in the woods of Macher lagh coo with but 
20 men. He has for a year revealed to the Council what would 

Sept. 4. 7, Baron of Dungannon to the same. O'Neill sends hourly 
Magher Lagh for him. If Grey do not come there will be such war here as all 
Co ' the rest will be nothing to it. Magennis is gone to O'Neill. 

Sept. 4. 8. Lady Katharine Wallop to Walsyngham, to get a better or 
Whjte^Friars, longer estate for her husband in the house they occupy, being 
Mr. Stanyhurst's. 






Sept. 4. 9. Viscount Gomianstown to the Lord Deputy. Turlough L} 7 nagli 
Nobber. will stand in defence of religion while life doth last him. He is and 
will be O'Neill, whoever thinks evil of the same. He has commanded 
M'Mahon to meet him at Carrick-Bradock. 

Sept. 4. 10. Mr. John Barnes to Lord Deputy Grey. The rebels besiege 

Disert, Maryborough with a great force and expect James Eustace this night. 
Queen's County. j g ^ to gend thig pOQr beggar with llis letter> 

Sept. 4. 11. John Abington to Burghley. Cheese and butter is not sold 
Chester. here by weight or measure. The parties agree by the sight and 

poising of it by the hand. Victual cheaper on the Severn. Mr. 

Glaseour's great care, diligence, and husbandry. Incloses, 

11. i. Declaration of the state of the account of W. Glaseour, Esq. 
from 20 July 1 580. Sept. 4. 

Sept. 6. 12. Edw. Baeshe to Burghley. The brewhouses for Limerick and 
London. Cork will soon be ready to brew there. Inconvenience of sending 

another copper to Dublin. Stockfish needless, considering that plenty 

of herrings and other fish may be had there. 

Sept. 6. 13. Sir Warhame Sentleger to same. His plat for cooping up 
Cork. the loose Lords. Arrival of the 500 soldiers from England. Fault 
in the victual, which was not instrusted to the charge of any, but 
given to the mariners. Sir James respited upon an appellation of 
revealment of sundry weighty matters touching the Queen and her 

Sept. 6. 14. Note of munition in store under Jaques Wingfeld's hand, with 
Dublin Castle. a further supply in Burghley 's hand appointed to be sent. 

Sept. 7. 


Sept. 8. 


Sept. 8. 

Sept. 8. 


Sept. 8. 


15. Sir N. Malbie to Walsyngham. By Turlough Lynagh's prac- 
tices and O'Donnell's assistance O'Rourke is again in arms. Malbie 
is forced to repair to his own charge. Complaints of rebels listened 
to by Her Majesty, and mislike of those who so often adventure 
their lives in her service. If the sword be not used sharply she will 
lose both sword and realm. His suits. 

16. Same to same. Ross Mageoghegan, an assured subject, slain. 
Revolt of the O'Conors. 

17. W. Glaseour to Burghley. His accounts and victualling. 
Hard usage of his proportion and servant by Francis Lany, who 
weighs the victual brought to Dublin by crane weight, and allows 
nothing for leakage. 

18. Mr. E. Denny to Walsyngham. Sir N. Malbie's favour. The 
people are such, as Satan himself cannot exceed in subtlety, treachery, 
and cruelty. He will stay in Ireland only for the love he bears to 
Lord Grey. 

19. G. Fenton to the Earl of Leycestre. Pelham has resigned 
the sword. His comfort that his services were well accepted in 
England. A concordatum sent to the Commissioners of Cork 
to execute Sir James of Desmond. Ormond's great allowances 




Sept. 9. 


Sept. 9. 


Sept. 10. 


Sept. 10. 


Sept. 10. 


Sept. 10. 


Sept. 11. 


Vol.. LXXVI. 

amounting to 3,600. per annum Sir G. Bourchier is left to com- 
mand the army in Munster. T. Lynagh. Lord Barrymore a prisoner 
in Dublin Castle. Leycestre to have his lands, and Sydney or 
Warwick to have Kerry. Sir L. Dillon praised. 

20. John Abington to Burghley. Victual likely to be cheaper. 
Francis Lany's note of the bread and beer made out of the wheat 
and malt displays great ignorance. There is no reason but as much 
bread and beer may be made out of the same grain at Dublin as at 
London. Incloses, 

20. i. Bill of his riding charges about the survey of victual, 
being 171. 3s. 7%d. 

21. Treasurer Wallop to Walsyngham. Weighty considerations 
induced the Lord Justice Pelham to appoint Sir G. Bourchier colonel 
of the forces in Munster, and to repair with the sword to the Lord 
Deputy. The sword delivered on the 7th. The late Captain 
Audley's valiant behaviour. Treasure. Vindicates the English 
servitor from the false charge of causing the rebellion. Sir Cormac 
M'Teige's service. This day the Lord Deputy and Sir W. Pelham 
went to Drogheda with the Baron of Dungannon. Magennis. 
Turlough Lynagh 's threats against O'Reilly. Waterhous's plat for 

22. Same to [same]. Objects to the article in Grey's instructions 
appointing the 10,000^. to be employed only in growing charges. 
800 footmen landed here and 500 at Cork, besides horse and kerne 
newly entertained. The 7th instant, Ross Mageoghegan, the best and 
ci vilest subject on the borders of Offaly, by consent of his father, 
was murdered. He was much hated by Kildare. 

23. Same to Burghley. Receipt of two parcels of treasure. 
Pelham has discharged Captain Fenton's 50 horsemen, and 25 of Sir 
Warhame Sentleger's. 

24. Same and Ed. Waterhous to same. Victualling particulars. 
Grey intends to withdraw 1,500 soldiers from Munster, and leave but 
1,000 there. Brewing vessels. 

25. G. Fenton to Walsyngham. Desmond reposes no confidence 
in his friends, followers, or kindred. The Admiral authorized either 
to surprize or receive him. Dangers in the heart of the Pale. A 
small town within a mile and a half of Dublin burnt this night. 

25. i. Examination of Sir James Fitz Gerald, brother to the Earl 
of Desmond. The letter brought by Hiffernane from Baltinglas 
and Feagh M'Hugh. Desmond's messenger to O'Neill, O'Donnell, 
and Sorley Boy to move war. Earl of Upper Ossory's brethren 
combined with the rebels. Desmond's messenger, Christopher 
Lombard, lately sent to Spain. Aug. 25. 

26. Archbishop of Dublin to Walsyngham. Thanks him for vin- 
dicating his proceedings as to Baltinglas. Relation of the particulars 
of the proceedings against him by the High Commission. Incloses, 




Sept. 12. 


Sept. 12. 


Sept. 12. 


Sept. 14. 


Sept. 15. 

Sept. 1 6. 


Sept. 16. 



26. i. Lord Deputy Sydney to Abp. of Dublin. To proceed 
further against James Eustace, Esq., son to the Viscount Bal- 
tinglas, fined 1 00 marks for hearing a mass. Orig. 

1578, June 26, Dublin Castle. 

26. IT. Same to same. To take order that James Eustace, Esq., 
may be forced to enter into bonds with good sureties to pay the 
fine. 1578, July 18, Dublin Castle. 

26. in. Pardon granted by the Lord Deputy Sydney to James 
Eustace, Esq. 1578, Aug. 2, Dublin. 

27. Lord Deputy Grey to Burghley. Thanks that by his favour- 
able defence Her Majesty was appeased towards him. We cannot 
always go scot free in dangerous enterprises. Has sent Dowdall and 
Piers to Turlough Lynagh. Greatly hindered for want of horsemen. 
Has erected three or four bands. 

28. Same to Walsyngham: Glad of his letters in answer to the 
unsuccessful attempt. The strife between Sir Peter Carew and 
Captain Audley, two ever before accounted quiet and modest. Clan- 
rycard to be kept still in England. Dowdall and Piers are not yet 
returned from T. Lynagh. Sir W. Pelham takes it hard that he is 
commanded to stay in Ireland without some title. Necessity to 
levy here two or three bands of horse to oppose Turlough Lynagh. 

29. Sir Warhame Sentleger to Burghley. A ship load of corn 
taken up for the use of the garrison. Incloses, 

29. I. Sill of 304i. to Thomas Westden of Chichester, merchant, 
for corn and malt taken up at Cork. Aug. 25. 

30. Chancellor Gerrarde to Burghley. On Wednesday night 
Turlough Lynagh entered the Fews and taketh his urraghs of all. 
Half of the provision for 14 days consumed in a day and a half. 
The Mayor of Chester to deal sharply with the owners of the barks. 
Fortifications at Arklow and Wicklow. Turlough Lynagh's force and 

31. Baron of Lixnaw to the Commissioners of Munster at Ask- 
eaton. Certifies the arrival of three Spanish ships at Smerwick the 
12th and 13th Sept. 

32. Ed. Waterhous to Lord Burghley. Great prey of cattle by 
Sir G. Bourchier. Arrival of victual. Joy that Burghley is well 
satisfied with the advertisements from Wallop and him. The 
wardship of Mary Agarde. His own affairs need his repair to 

33. William Glaseour to same. Particulars of the victualling 
service. Mr. Abington's lack of skill in the measures of Ireland. 
Chancellor Gerrarde denied to send again the cask and bags, which 
occasions further charge. Incloses, 

33. I. Francis Lany's rate for biscuit and beer, with Auditor 
Jeny son's declaration thereupon. 



1580. VOX..LXXVI. 

Sept. 16. 34-. Captain Richard Pyckman to Burghley. Long service and 
Dublin. great poverty. Desires a letter to the Deputy that he may have 
some of the escheated lands. 

Sept. 16. 35. Thomas Might, victualler, to same. His appointment by 

Dublin. the Lord Deputy and Council. The great need of money presently 

and the gain that would thereby be made for Her Majesty. 

Sept. 13 & 17. 36. Sir Warhame Sentleger to same. Maurice Sheghan, writer 
Cork. a nd principal man to Desmond, has gone to Dublin to the Lord 
Deputy. Impolicy of pardoning so notorious a traitor. His son in 
haste to embark. Queen's ships at Baltimore. Incloses, 

36. i. Andrew Martin to Sir Warhame Sentleger. Intelligence 
from the Knight of Kerry, that four Spanish ships have come, and 
that a great fleet is discovered upon the coast. 

Sept. 13, Castle Magne. 

Sept. 17. 37. Donnell, Earl of Clancarr, and Teige McCarthy to Sir 
Kilarglen. Warhame Sentleger. The Italians arrived at Sinerwick. Will join 
with the Lord Fitzmaurice to watch them. [Copy.] Inclose, 

37- I. Garrat Trant, of the Dingle, merchant, to the Earl of 
Clancarr. Four ships of the Pope's army come. Other four and 
a galley expected. Sept. 15. 

37- ii. Baron of Lixnaw to the Earl of Clancarr. Desires his 
aid in the mutual defence of their countries against the Spaniards. 

Sept. 14, Ardarth. 

Sept. 17. 38. Golde and Arthure to the Earl of Ormond. Departure of Sir 
Limerick. \V. Wynter Tuesday last was sevennight. Arrival of Spanish ships. 
Sir William Gorge about Cork with three of the Queen's ships. 

Sept. 18. 39. Sir W. Sentleger and Sir William Morgan to Burghley, for 
Cork. license to the bearer, Richard Hills, merchant, to transport wheat. 
The country people have given over tillage. 

[Sept. 18.] 40. Andrew Martin to Sir Warhame Sentleger. 500 Spaniards 
landed; they re-edify the fort built by James Fitzmaurice, to keep 
their munition and treasure. Incloses, 

40. i. Baron of Lixnaw to Mr. A. Martin. Four ships arrived 
at Smenvick. Sept. 14, Ardarth. 

Sept. 18. 41. Thomas Grant to the Mayor of Waterford. A fisherman, John 
Youghal. Plaier, reports the arrival of the Spaniards. The country people 
drive their cattle into other countries farther from the sea-coast. 

Sept. 18. 42. Sir G. Bowrchier to Sir W. Sentleger. Her Majesty's 
shipping to be sent about in all haste. To prepare his forces to 
march against the Spaniards. Incloses, 

42. Baron of Lixnaw to the Colonel of Munster. Certifies the 
arrival of Spanish ships at Smerwick the 12th and 13th Sept. 

Sept. 15, Arddart. 



Sept. 38. 

Sept. 18. 


Sept. 18. 


Sept. 18. 


Sept. 18. 


Sept. 19. 



43. Thomas, Baron of Lixnaw, to . The Spaniards 

at Smerwick have put out all their stuff on the island, and pitched 
their tents. [Copy, certified by Ja. Golcle.] 

4 k Richard Meaghe, Sovereign of Kinsale, to the Commissioners 
of Munster at Cork. Report as to the foreigners by the Salcomb 
fisherman. James Fitzrnaurice's two sons are come as captains. 
Thinks the navy departed but yesterday from Baltimore. 

45. Sir H. Wallop to Walsyngham. Sir Lucas Dillon departed 
yesterday to Longford to meet the Baron of Delvin and hear 
O'Rourke's controversies against Sir N. Malbie. Yesterday morning 
part of the horse of the Earl of Kildare and Sir Henry Harrington 
assembled at Belgarde, within four miles of Dublin. Hearing that 
some of the rebels had preyed and partly burnt Ramore [Rathmore] 
went to the rescue, where they found about 80 of the enemy's kerne 
and galloglas driving away the prey, on whom six of Sir Henry's 
men charged, but so close they kept themselves as they would not 
break. Immediately came in George Fitzgarret, lieutenant of the 
Earl of Kildare's horsemen, who with some of his company gave a 
fresh charge very valiantly, when 40 or 50 of both bands came 
in, overthrew the footmen to the number of 60, among whom two 
brothers and a son of Feagh M'Hugh were slain ; on our side 
Lieutenant Fitzgarret was slain, and five or six men wounded. 
The ships last sent came to Baltimore 1 4 days past, and are now 
thought to be joined with Sir William Wynter. Sir George Bour- 
chier has taken 1,400 cows and stud in Kerry and sent them to 
Askeaton. Earl of Ormond has dealt honourably with the Lady 
Carew and her sister. Only the Baron of Dungannon holdeth 
out stoutly, of all the urraghs claimed by Turlough Lynagh. 
Death of Mr. Richard Dyngley. Piers Fitzjames. Cipher. Ormond's 
proceedings. Pelham to be President of Munster. 

46. Chancellor Gerrarde to Burghley. Chance slaughter of 
certain rebels. George Fitzgarret, lieutenant of Kildare's horsemen, 
slain in the fray. Advises increase of soldiers' pay 2d. Might's 

47. Sir William Morgan to the Privy Council. His wish to 
encounter the Spaniards immediately. Sentleger and the Com- 
missioners would inquire their numbers. His men in great want of 
clothes ; in nine weeks they have received but 5s. 2d. To pay his 
two years English pay to the bearer, Richard Hill. 

48. Earl of Kildare to Walsyngham. In. his extreme sickness he 
was like to die. Baltinglas and Feagh M'Hugh with 500 foot, 
80 shot, and 30 horse, made a rode into the Pale and burnt 
Tassagard. Kildare places his soldiers. Manner of the encounter. 
Deatlf of his lieutenant in a valiant charge. A son and two 
brethren of Feagh M'Hugh O 'Byrne with 60 others slain. To have 
the custody of Baltinglas's lands and Monkton. 



1580. VOL.LXXVI. 

Sept. 20. 4.9. Mr. Richard Byngham to Walsyngham. Desmond's flight from 
North Foreland. Tralee to Connologh with 20 or 30 followers. Sir G. Bourchier's 
journey. Admiral Wynter's intercession for saving the people of 
Kerry. Stipulation for their maintaining a garrison at Tralee of 
200 foot and 30 horse. The prey, 4,000 great cattle, as many sheep 
and goats, with a number of people, poor and rich, with their goods. 
Set sail for England Sept. 5. Storms. Loss. Part from the 
Admiral. Meet the ships with victual. Mr. Fulk Greville to 
receive instructions. 

Sept. 20. 50. Sir N. Bagenall to same. Suit commenced against him by 
Newry. means of the death of Sir R. Griffith, to be stayed. The Lord 
Deputy cannot spare him or his son. 

Sept. 22. 


Sept. 22. 


Sept. 22. 

The Great 

Sept. 22. 


Sept. 23. 

Sept. 24. 


Sept. 25. 


51. Treasurer Wallop to same. Turlough Lynagh has retired, and 
desires the Commissioners and the Baron of Dungannon may be 
sent to him into his own country, and that without giving pledges. 
Sir W. Pelham has returned from Drogheda in a waggon dangerously 
sick. He is a most virtuous and honest gentleman. Incloses, 

51. i. Golde and Arthur e to Treasurer Wallop. Sir Q. Bour- 
chier's march into Kerry burning the south and north sides of 
Sliev Mish. He had the Countess of Desmond in chase two miles. 
O' Sullivan More has come in. Earl of Clancarr and Baron of 
Lixnaw. The Admiral is gone to England. Sept. 17, Limerick. 

52. Treasurer Wallop and Waterhous to Burghley. Victual. 
Sir G. Bourchier's journey into Kerry. Admiral Wynter and Sir 
William Gorges have sailed for England. Turlough Lynagh, fearing 
the English forces, has fled over the Blackwater. 

53. Earl of Ormond to Walsyngham. Has no leisure to answer 
Walsyngham's of 12 Aug. Being at Cloghgrenane, on his way to 
the Deputy, he was compelled to return towards Smerwick to repel 
the Spaniards arrived there in eight ships. The bearer, Mr. [Leo- 
nard] Yeo, to have his charges. 

54. W. Glaseour to Burghley. The rebels slain by Fitzgarret. 
Chancellor Gerrarde desires wheat and malt. He blames greatly 
the mariners. 

55. Considerations which moved Sir W. Wynter to return from 
Ireland with the fleet, delivered to the Privy Council. 

56. Sir W. Sentleger to Burghley. Without a greater force this re- 
bellion will not be ended. Without due correction it will encourage 
every Robin Hood to enter into the like. Recommends the bearer 
Mr. Spring. Charles Brown, the Countess of Kildare's base brother, 
has come with the Italians. 

57. Lord Deputy Grey to same. The great expenses. More treasure. 
His anxiety to give satisfaction. Five or six horse bands. To have 
a proportion of victual for 4,000 men for three months. Bargain 
with Might. 



Sept. 25. 



58. P. Doben, Mayor, and others to Walsynghani. Report by 
Tasker, a fisherman of Torbay, that 27 sail, whereof some were 
argosies, had arrived at Smerwick, Ventry, and Limerick Haven. 

58. i. Thomas Grant to the Mayor of Waterford. Arrival of 
Spaniards at Smerwick. Sept. 18, Youghal. 

59. Memorandum by Burghley of 39,000. and 82,298?, paid for 
Ireland from 29 Sept. 1578, to 1580 Sept. 25. 

60. Baeshe's demands for victualling the fleet for Ireland, being 
men 1,344, and soldiers 200. 

61. Treasurer Wallop and Ed. Waterhous to Burghley. The 
composition made with Might. The advantages to the Queen. 
Limerick and Kerry excepted. 

Sept. 27. 62. Copy of the above. 

Sept. 27. 63. Disposition of the bands in Ireland, extracted from the Lord 
Grey's letters of Sept. 27, and from Sir William Pelham's of 
Sept. 8. 

Sept. 27, 28. 64. Baeshe's demands, with the names of the captains, as ordered 
n Council at Richmond, Sept. 28, being Revenge, Admiral Wynter ; 
Swiftsure, Byngham ; Aid, Bellingham ; Bull, Chr. Baker ; Achates, 
William Wynter ; Lion, Sir Wm. Gordg ; Foresight, Frobisher ; 
Tiger, John Young. 

Sept. 25. 
Sept. 27. 

Sept. 27. 


Sept. 28. 


65. Chancellor Gerrarde to Burghley. Without great charge the 
land will be lost. Turlough's coming down was to perform his pro- 
mise by oath to meet Baltinglas with 4,000 men and 500 horse. 
O'Rourke's dissimulation. He is out burning in Thomond with 500 
Scots. Suspicions of bees in our bosoms (i.e. Kildare, &c.) More 
men from England wanted. 

66. Treasurer Wallop to Walsyngham. Grey has raised above 
600 soldiers. The pay of the army will be about 6,000/. per month, 
besides extraordinaries. The Bishop of Meath has sent a " my wed" 
goshawk for Walsyngham. If Sir W. Pelham should recover he 
will go into Munster with Grey. 

67. Earl of Ormond to same. No money at all to help bare 
soldiers. Has not had 100Z. worth of victual. Maisterson's false 
writing that Sir Edmund Butler had left him worth nothing. 
Recommends the bearer Mr. Gifford to have a company. 

Sept. 28. 68. Same to Burghley. Want of brewhouses and bakehouses at 
Cork. Cork and Limerick. His companions have been victualled 
from home all this service, and not at the Queen's charges. In- 

68. I. J. Thickpenny, victualler, to the Earl of Ormond. Cannot 
provide more than 1 2 days' biscuit for the force he has written of. 
The brewhouse has not arrived. Wine. 850 men fed in Cork the 
last month* Sept. 26, Cork. 

Sept. 28. 


Sept. 28. 



1580. VOL.LXXVL 

Sept. 28. 69. Edw. Fenton to Walsyngliam. The Lord Deputy lias re- 
Dublin, turned, having well appeased all matters touching Turlough Lynagh. 
If Pelham might have continued with authority in Munster, these 
new supposed guests would have had a sharp welcome. Pelham J s 
like not to be found. 

Sept. 28. 70. T. Might to Burghley. The composition for victualling. To 
Dublin. pay 5007. to R Kifte of Dublin, merchant, and 5001. to T. 
Bavand of Liverpool. To send a ship of butter and Newfoundland 

Sept. 28. 71. Frobisher's declaration of the wants in the proportion of 
victual, the quality was ill, the impossibility to prolong the time 
of service. 

Sept. 28. 72. Copy of Capt. Frobisher's declaration of the wants in the 

Sept. 29. 73. Mr. Baeshe's answer to the objections sent out of Ireland, 
complaining of the lack in the provisions delivered at Limerick, 
July 15, 1580. 

Sept. 29. 74. Ed. Baeshe to Burghley. Justifies the provision as good, sweet, 
London. wholesome, and containing measure, tale, and weight. Toadstools 
in the biscuit room. 

[Sept. 29.] 75. Estimate of weight and loss in 20,189 pieces of beef, in Baeshe's 

Sept. 30. 76. Golde and Arthure to Lord Grey of Wilton, the Deputy. 
Limerick. Soldiers ready to inarch with 1 5 days' victual. People of Lixnaw 
seek succour. Capt. Case is sick, but will march. Inclose, 

76. i. Capt. Thomas Clynton to the Attorney of Munster. 
Adverse wind. But 600 Spaniards. If he had but 10 shot he 
would venture a course with the great gallego, for all her 32 oars. 
She has come with ordnance to besiege the castle of Fenodd. 

Sept. 26, off Carick Coivlagh, 

76. n. Commons ofLixnaiuto Mr. Attorney Golde and Mr. Ar- 
thure. The Spaniards keep two camps at Ardart and Fyenyn. 
Desmond with his Irishmen is preying the country. 

Sept. 27, Lixnaw. 

Sept. 30. 77. G. Fenton to Burghley. Turlough Lynagh and the Baron of 

Dublin. Dungannon have sworn to observe the agreement in presence of 

our Commissioners. Turlough has promised to refuse all combination 

ao-ainst the Government, and has returned contented and satisfied. 

O ' 

Foreigners. Incloses, 

77. i. Petitions of Turlough Lynagh O'Neill sent to the Queen 
by Captain Piers. Protection when attending ths Council. The 
authority of his nation and the urraghs. To have 100 soldiers in 



Sept. ] 


pay. To have some lands in the English Pale. To have the Fort 
of the Blaclcu-ater. That his son Arthur may have the inheritance 
of Nyall Oonollach O'Neill. The land beyond the Bann. Latin. 

[See 1582, July 5.] 

78. Note of service done in Ireland in Sir William Pelham's 


1. Treasurer Wallop to Walsyngham. The Lord Fitzmaurice, on 
24th Sept., advertised James Golde, the Attorney of Munster, and 
Thomas Arthur, Recorder of Limerick, of the joining of Desmond 
with the foreign power. They were at Tralee, of all sorts 
about 600. 

2. Same to [same]. Discrediting the reports of the arrival of the 
Spaniards. Mostly in cipher. 

3. Captain J. Zouche to same. Favour to the bearer. Is going 
to Sir N. Malbie with his company, to encounter O'Rourke. 

4. Sir W. Stanley to same. Is- going into Munster. The soldiers 
so ill chosen in England that few are able or willing to do any 

5. Mr. E. Denny to same. His love and relationship to Walsyng- 

6. Order by the Lord Deputy and Council for taking up of 
achats for the Lord Deputy's household, with a device for cutting 
off the Purveyor's ears for abuse, and a table of rates, Irish and 

7. Note of money paid to captains, c. leading footmen into 
Ireland, amongst whom are William Cecil and George Acres. 

8. Note of imprest to captains upon their entertainments. 

9. Clause to the Lord Deputy Grey for the increase of 3c?. per 
diem to the horsemen in Ireland. 

10. Mr. Baeshe's note to Burghley, for an order for 1,459?. 14s. Sd. 
more for victualling the fleet, &c. 

Oct. 4. 11. Copy of the above. 

Oct. 5. 12. Lord Deputy Grey to the Queen. To temporize with Tur- 
Dublin. lough Lynagh. To make him a present of a biitt or two of sack. 
Disbelieves the reports of the arrival of Spaniards. Will depart 
for Munster to-morrow. Kildare has the charge of the Pale. Sir 
William Pelham's sickness and repair home. To be well counte- 
nanced for his worth. 

2. ll 

Oct. 1. 


[Oct. 1. 


Oct. 1. 


Oct. 2. 


Oct. 3. 


Oct. 3. 


Oct. 3. 

Oct. 4. 
Oct. 4. 

Oct. 4. 



Oct. 5. 


Oct. 6. 

Oct. 6. 


Oct. 7. 


Oct. 7. 

Oct. 7. 


Oct. 7. 


13. Treasurer Wallop to Walsyngh am. Deputy has departed to- 
wards Munster. The monthly pay is 5,530L 11s. 7d. sterling. 
Many bands of horse, but not a quarter full. Captain Norreys lost 
200Z., and Mr. John Zouche 300. by their bands. Sir Warhame 
Sentleger repairing to England to be favoured. Incloses, 

13. i. Ja. Golde and Thos. Arthure to Treasurer Wallop and 
Mr. Waterhous. Clinton's report of six companies of strangers on 
land. They look out daily for more ships. Ormond and Bourchier 
will take the field from Liscarrol the 8th of October. Mahon 
M'Enaspug O'Brien has sent message he will serve the Pope a 
twelvemonth. Wishes a commission for martial law, 

Sept. 30, Limerick. Inclose, 

13. II. Capt. Clinton to the Attorney General of Munster. He- 
ports the condition and proceedings of the Spaniards. 

Sept. 26, off Carrick Cowlagh. 

13. in. Commons of Lixnaw to Her Majesty's Attorney and 
Recorder of Limerick. Desmond's journey with the Spaniards to 
Fyenyn. Friar Mattheus Oviedo, Commissarlus Apostolicus, and 
Donnell Ryan's son, the Bishop of Killaloe, in their company. 
Desire help of soldiers. Sept. 27, Lixnaw. 

14. Privy Council to Burghley, for payment of monies to Baeshe, 
Sir W. Morgan, and Abington. [Minute.] 

15. W. Glaseour to Might. Victual ready for 1,000 men for one 
month. If wheat is as cheap in Dublin as with him, he will send 
money, and so save the freight. With a marginal note by Chan- 
cellor Gerrarde. 

16. Chancellor Gerrarde to Burghley. Turlough's gathered force 
of 4,000 foot and 500 horse threatening the Pale was the occasion of 
erecting the new bands of horse. If Clanrycard had received his 
reward, this Munster rebellion would never have fallen out. Is 
examining if he can find the procurers of Baltinglas's rebellion. 
Has caught a sciatica. If the bearer, Sir William Pelham, had 
journeyed into Munster, as he craved of the Lord Deputy, he would 
never have returned. 

17. Same to Walsyngham. Pelham's upright service to have Her 
Majesty's commendations. Pelham to declare secret informations 
against Kildare. 

18. N. White, Master of the Eolls, to Burghley. The upright and 
sincere government of Sir W. Pelham. White's concordatum. Or- 
mond has gone to make head against the enemy with all the forces 
he can. Kildare will pull down the rebels of Leinster ere Christmas. 
O'Bourke and some others are stirring in Connaught. 

19. Treasurer Wallop to same. Money. Coldness of the Irish 
in service. Sir W. Pelham's fitness to have been President of 
Munster. To have a commission for taking his account. Sir 
Warhame Sentleger, Marshal of Munster, repairing over for urgent 
causes. His civil government and valour. Incloses, 




19. i. Certificate of the defraying of 8,882?. 17s. 9%d. arrived in