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^R 7^,5^.9? (^y) 



Hortiarti CoCtese Ifinrorp 




BRIGHT LEGACY 

One half the income from this Legacj, vhlch was re- 
ceWed in 1880 under the will of 

JONATHAN BROWN BRIGHT 
of Wsltluun, M iMnchnKtu. ii to be expended for books 
for the CoUt^ Libnry. Tne other half of the income 
is deroted to scholaivhips in Hanrard UniTenitj for the 
benefit of descendants of 

HENRY BRIGHT, JR., 
who died St Watertown, Massachvsetts, in i686ii In the 
absence of snch descendants, other persons are eligible 
to the scholarships. The will reqvlres that this annovnco- 
ment shall be made in ererf book added to the Library 
nnder its provisions. 




X 



Q 
HISTORICAL MANUSCEIPTS COMMISSION. 



CALENDAR 

OF THE 

MANUSCRIPTS 

OF THE 

MARQUESS OF ORMONDE, K.R 



PRESERVED AT 



KILKENNY CASTLE. 



New Series, Vol. III. 



fPresenteii to ^arltament by €ammani of ^ia IKafest;. 




LONDON: 
PRINTED FOR HIS MAJESTY'S STATIONERY OFFICE 

BY BEN JOHNSON A CO.. YORK. 



And to be parchased, either directly or through any Bookseller, firom 

EYRE AND SPOTTISWOODE, East Habdiko Btbret, Flext Strbbt, E.O., and 

93, Abinqdon Stbjbet, Wbbtmimstbb, 8.W.; or 

OLIVER A BOYD. Edimbxtboh; or 

E. PONSONBY, 116. Qbafton Stbbbt. Dublin. 



1904. 

[Cd. 196B.] Price 28. 



^IP.^'^ff 






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I 






V / , . 



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i'3v<.'r' •'-'(_ -.'■'-v.u_K 



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CONTENTS. 



PAGE. 

Introduction ... ... ... ... ... ... ... v. 



I. — Miscellaneous Correspondence, 1660-1675 1. 



II. — State op the Eevbnue op Ireland, 1661 378. 



III. — Letters op Elizabeth, Duchess of Ormond to 

Captain George Mathew, 1668-1673 437. 



INTRODUCTION. 



I. MISCELLANEOUS CORRESPONDENCE, 1660-1675. 

Op the three classes of documents dealt with in this volume 
the first section is a continuation of the selections from the 
voluminous correspondence of the first Duke of Ormond, with 
which the present series of the Ormonde Papers commenced. 
This correspondence has been catalogued in extenso, it may 
be remembered, in the Appendices to the Fourth, Sixth and 
Seventh Reports of the Historical Manuscripts Commission, 
compiled by the late Sir John Gilbert ; and in Volume L of 
the present series the process of selection was carried from 
the opening letter of the long, sequence of documents in 1572 
down to the year 1660. In this volume the selection is con- 
tinued from the Restoration down to 1675, and covers the 
period of the Duke of Ormond's first post-Restoration Vice- 
royalty and of the subsequent temporary eclipse of his splendid 
fortunes, which lasted from 1668 to 1677. 

' For the reasons adverted to in the Introduction to Volume I., 
the interest of the correspondence, though in many respects 
it is of great value, is disproportionate to its bulk. The 
gaps in the collection at Kilkenny are many and great, and 
they occur, 'as a rule, just at those periods and in relation to 
those events in regard to which historical curiosity is keenest. 
No better testimony can be l)orne to the efficiency with which 
Thomas Carte discharged his great biographical task than that 
which is provided by the comparative poverty of the materials 
remaining at Kilkenny. The biographer thoroughly under- 
stood his business. He had a quick eye both for the documents 
essential to his task and for those which would serve to brighten 
his work, and accordingly he carried off to England almost 
all the best gems of a singularly varied collection. The papers 
accumulated by the first Duke of Ormond are the richest of 
all collections of extant manuscript materials for modern Irish 
history. But their most precious treasures are no longer 
in Ireland. It is therefore to the great mass of papers at 
Oxford which bear the biographer's name, rather than to those 

a 



VI 

still in the evidence Eoom at ICilkenny Castle, that we must 
have recourse for the most important of these documents. 
Thus it is that an impression of disappointment is inevitably 
produced in the mind of the ordinary reader by the detached 
and inconsecutive character of the portion of the correspondence 
which still remains in Ireland. 

By far the greater portion of the existing papers at Kilkenny, 
for the period covered by this report, have to do with the 
strictly domestic interests of the House of Ormond, and 
with the management df the immense estates of the 
dukedom. They consist largely of the reports of stewards 
and agents on these and cognate matters which, though they 
may at times touch on matters of historical, topographical, or 
archaeological interest, are in general remote from the domain 
of history. As in Volume I. of the present series, so in this, 
it may be assumed that those items in the chronological 
catalogue compiled by Sir John Gilbert which are not noticed, 
either lie outside the purview of the Historical Manuscripts 
Commission, or have already been printed elsewhere. The 
letter, printed at p. 6, from the Duchess of Ormond to her 
steward is a fair specimen of much of the correspondence, and 
will enable the reader to judge of the character of the 
manuscripts which have not been transcribed for this volume. 

To the student of seventeenth century history, however, who 
is familiar with the correspondence accessible elsewhere, and 
still more to the reader whose knowledge is confined to printed 
sources, the correspondence here printed, though provokingly 
scrappy and disjointed, will not ai)pear uninteresting. Upon 
at least three important topics the letters throw no inconsider- 
able light. They supply many fresh details of the negotiations 
attending the Irish Acts of Settlement and Explanation ; they 
add a good deal to our comprehension of those intrigues of the 
courtier statesmen of Charles II., which, in England, resulted in 
the disgrace of Clarendon, and, in Ireland, led to the removal 
of the Duke of Ormond from the Viceroyalty ; and they throw 
much useful light on the reconstitution of the administrative 
machinery of Ireland after the Restoration. They are also 
valuable for the information they contain on many matters of 
social and topographical interest ; such as the efforts of the 
Duke of Ormond to encourage the woollen industry in Ireland, 



Vll 

and the formation of the Phoenix Park. Finally, they supple- 
ment with many lively touches our knowledge of the career of 
the Duke of Ormond himself, and contribute to a correct 
appreciation of the great figure which filled so large a space in 
the Ireland of the seventeenth century. 

The volume opens, appropriately enough, with a letter from 
Lord Anglesey, with whom, as Vice-Treasurer of Ireland, Ormond 
was throughout his Viceroyalty in the closest oflScial relations. 
Anglesey's numerous letters occupy much of the first part of 
the volume, and, with the copies of Ormond's less numerous 
answers, take up some fifty or sixty pages.* Most of these 
belong to the years iQ63 and 1664, and relate mainly to the 
negotiations respecting the Act of Explanation. How to 
reconcile the conflicting claims of half a dozen antagonistic 
interests and to produce an appearance of satisfaction among 
a crowd of applicants, of whom only a small minority could be 
gratified, was the impossible problem of the early years of 
Ormond's administration. He has himself stated the difiiculty 
with which he w^as confronted in a striking passage quoted 
by Carte. "If the adventurer and soldier must be satisfied 
to the extent of what they suppose intended them by the 
declaration; and if all that accepted and constantly adhered 
to the Peace of 1648 must be restored, as the same declaration 
seems also to intend, and was partly declared to be intended 
at the last debate, there must be new discoveries made of a 
new Ireland, for the old will not serve to satisfy their engage- 
ments. It remains then to determine which party must 
suffer in the default of means to satisfy all ; or whether both 
must be proportionably losers." t It was indeed largely the 
inevitable dissatisfaction of the disappointed majority who failed 
to make good their claims which led to Ormond's dismissal 
from the Irish Government in 1668. The correspondence 
between Anglesey and Ormond was frequent, and indeed 
incessant, from July, 1663, to May, 1664, when the latter went 
over to England to assist in the final shaping of the Act of 
Explanation by the King's English advisers. The two friends 
discuss men and measures with the utmost freedom and 
unreserve. Many of Anglesey's letters were indeed written in 
cipher, but in such cases the originals contain Ormond's decipher 

* Vide pp. 1 to 170 jmssim, t Carte's Ormonde, vol. ii. , p. 240. 



VIU 

of them, often pencilled in in his own hand. Many of Anglesey's 
letters relate to questions of revenue and expenditure, matters 
which next to the settlement of the land claimed the largest 
share of the attention of those responsible for the Irish 
Government at the time. No great difficulty would have been 
exjDerienced in meeting the ordinary charges of the Irish Estab- 
lishment, which, as appears from the Account of the Revenue 
printed in Section II.* of this volume, were not extravagantly 
framed. But the King was perpetually giving warrants for 
large sums, at the solicitation of individuals; and this soon 
caused serious financial difficulty. These embarrassments were 
eventually made the pretext for attacks upon Ormond, and 
combined with the clamour of the landgrabbers of the seven- 
teenth century to in'ocure Ormond's recall from Ireland. But 
though Ormond had certainly a taste for splendour, and main- 
tained a viceiegal court on a scale of magnificence not greatly 
inferior to that of the King himself, the charges against him 
had certainly their origin in personal envy rather than in any 
sincere desire for reform. The correspondence with Anglesey 
tends to substantiate the account given by Carte of these 
matters,! and to confirm the Duke*6 own vindication of this 
part of his conduct in the vigorous paper he addressed to the 
King several years later in reply to Lord Ranelagh's criticisms 
on his administration.! 

Of matters of more immediately local concern touched on in 
the correspondence the most interesting are the references to 
Ormond's management of the woollen industry at Chapelizod§ 
near Dublin, at Clonmel,|l and at Carrick.^ Some interesting 
information is also given in the correspondence on siich 
matters as the formation of the Phoenix Park,** a project in 
which Ormond was keenly interested; the fortification of 
Dublintt and other places of importance; the coinage of 
money in Ireland ;It and the holding of assizes through the 
country.§§ But as the letters from 1675 to 1684 supplement 
this information materially, discussion of these topics may con- 
veniently be reserved for the introduction to the next volume 
of this series. 



* Vide p. 375^ infrn, et acq. f Carte's Life of Omiond, vol. ii., p. 307, 

rt scq. t and I])id ii., p. 454. § pp. 322—337, 340—60. ll pp. 353— 

5.357—9. ^\ p. 312. An<l see Carta's Life of Ormond, vol. ii., p. 341, r/:.9r'«7. 
♦* pp. 55, 189, 193 195, 291—3. ft pp. '^^i 50-51, 226, 231, 236, 240, 275. 

XX pp. 168, 302. §§ p. 207, 2(50. 



IX 



In addition to the letters referring to public affairs, no 
inconsiderable portion of the correspondence is occupied, as 
already remarked, with matters of domestic interest, and is 
concerned with the private interests of the Duke and his family. 
Of these, in so far as they possess historical interest, some 
account will be found in the third section of this introduction in 
relation to the Letters of the Duchess of Ormond. A word 
may, however, be said here as to the acquisition of Moor Park 
by the Duke, and the ai)pearance of that famous seat during his 
ownership. Ormond acquired it in 1661, prior to his nomina- 
tion to the Viceroyalty, by purchase from the Bishop of 
Rochester of the day, subject, however, to an interest held in it 
by one Sir Eichard Francklin. He appears to have designed it 
as his country seat, to which he might retire in " such starts 
of retirement " as his sedulous attendance on the Iting as Lord 
High Steward might permit. Lord Anglesey, who was asked 
by Ormond to visit and report on the place and the improve- 
ments initiated there by him, gives this inviting account of the 
house and its surroundings : ** I was last week to view Moor 
Park, which I find to be still the same sweet and pleasant 
seat I knew it before, and had a taste of the goodness of your 

Grace's venison The gardens are extraordinary, 

full of delightful walks and fountains, and terraces with covered 
walks for rainy weather, and I believe the very leiwl of the 
terraces and houses is not less worth than iJl,500. The Park 
is well wooded, but none to be spared for sale, yet may be 

valued at i6l,500 The Park is set out into w-alks 

shaded with trees set in rows, and there is a fair brick lodge 
that hath the prospect of most of the Park and country, and 
may be seen at the end of a long walk out of your dining room 
window. In line, when you will refresh yourself for a few 
days with the country air, you cannot do it anywhere better, 
and the w'ay will hold you but two hours or a little more 
riding. It is an enclosed country, and so not the best for 
hawking or hunting, though passable for both, but there is 
excellent brook hawking, which I think your Grace takes 
pleasure in."* 

Moor Park was placed in charge of one James Buck, a 
dependant of the Duke, who appears to have been a somewhat 

* AiigleMoy to Ormond, Sept. 8, 1063, p. 83. 



X 

unjust steward, and to have injured the place by cutting and 
selling timber for his own profit. He, however, seems to have 
carried out a number of improvements in the Duke's behalf, 
the nature of which are detailed in one of his letters,* and which 
included planting on a large scale. He was, moreover, a genial 
rogue, and some of his letters are amusing. Ormond did not 
long, retain Moor Park. Being obliged to retrench his expendi- 
ture in 1670, he sold it in that year to the Duke of Monmouth, 
as detailed in the Duchess's letters, for i;l3,200.t 



II. STATE OF HIS MAJESTY'S EEVENUE IN 

IRELAND, 1661. 

This manuscript, which is here reproduced in extenso, is the 
return furnished by Sir James Ware, the Auditor-General of 
Ireland, better known as an accomplished historian and 
antiquary, of the Eevenue and Expenditure of Ireland for 
practically the first clear working year after the Restoration. It 
is of the utmost interest for the light it throws upon the 
administrative machinery of Ireland, as constituted after the 
Restoration under the government of the first Duke of Ormond. 

It appears by this account that the total income which came 
to the hands of His Majesty's Vice-Treasurer and Receiver- 
General of Ireland, Arthur Earl of Anglesey, for the year 
1661-2 amounted to £201,046 12s. Ifd. The principal items 
of which this modest revenue is made up are Excise and 
Customs, Quit Rents and Crown Rents, and Poll Money. 

The figures of the returns under these heads are respectively 
as follows : — 

£ s. d. 

Quit Rents 45,408 7 5i 

Excise and Customs .... 52,112 8 lOf 
Poll Money 77,406 4 7f 

Of this income a sum of £37,143 9s. 7fd., or somewhat 
less than one-fifth, was absorbed by the charges of the Civil 
Government, leaving a balance of £163,903 2s. 5f d. " for the 
payment of the Military List," a sum which, however dispro- 
portionate it may appear to the civil charges, barely sufficed for 



p. 197. t p. 445. 



t 

XI 



the calls upon it. The certijficate of the Auditor-General at the 
end of the account shows how closely the Ministers of Charles 
II. sailed to the wind financially, even in the first years after 
the Restoration, before the Irish Pension List became burdened, 
as was afterwards the case, with extravagant pensions to royal 
mistresses and other favourites who had no connection with the 
country. It is in these terms: — 

" Sum total of the payments and disbursements aforesaid " [for 
military charges] "is £168,820 17s. OJd. And so there 
'remaineth in the hands of the said accomptant the sum 
*of i*82 5s. 5id. Out of which is allowed to the Deputy- 

* Receiver-General's clerks for their extraordinary labour and 
' pains taken about this account, £52, and to the Auditor's 

* clerks over and above the sums allowed them in the account 

* for Civil Affairs, £30. And so remains in the hands of the 

* accomptant, 5s. 4}d. 

" J. Ware." 

If the revenue of Ireland was thus barely adequate to the 
charges on it, the straitened circumstances of the Exchequer 
can hardly be attributed to extravagance in the salaries paid to 
the ofl&cials on the Civil Establishment. The Lords Justices 
— Sir Maurice Eustace, Lord Orrery, and Lord Mountrath — to 
whom the administration was temporarily entrusted pending 
the appointment of the Duke of Ormond as Viceroy, received 
the considerable emolument of £1,500 apiece, and the first 
named received in addition a like sum in his capacity of Lord 
Chancellor. The Chancellor seems also to have received 
£311 17s. 6d. as a Judge in Chancery. But with these 
exceptions the servants of the Crow^n, both legal and lay, seem 
to have been remunerated on a modest scale. The highest 
salaries were those paid to His Majesty's Judges. Of these the 
Chief Justice of the Chief Place, Lord Santry, received £347 per 
annum, and apparently the Chief Justice of the Common Pleas 
had the same income. The Chief Baron was better off with 
£600, but part of his salary was for non-judicial services 
connected with the Exchequer. The Puisne Judges of all three 
Courts received £150 apiece. Circuit allowances were paid to 
the Judges, over and above their salaries, at the rate of 
£59 10s. Od. per circuit to the Chief Judges, and £44 10s. Od. 
to the puisnes. A sum of £18 6s. 8d. per annum was also 



Xll 

allowed to every Judge in respect of his robes. Other legal 
functionaries were thus remunerated : — The Master of the 
Court of Wards, JE300; the Master of the EoUs, i:i40; the 
Attorney-General and Solicitor-Generel £75 each ; Masters in 
Chancery, ^£20 each. The salaries of the judiciary attached to 
the provinces of Munster and Connaught were also slender. 
The Chief Justice of each province had £100, and the lesser 
dignitaries were paid in proportion ; the whole judicial staff of 
Munster costing no more than £268 Gs. 8d. 

Of non-judicial officers the highest salai^ was paid to Sir 
Paul Davis, who received £750 in his dual capacity of Secretary 
of State and Clerk of the Council. Next to him in point of 
emolument came Sir James Ware, the Auditor-General, with 
£234 6s, 3d ; the Chancellor of the Exchequer, with £150 ; and 
the Surveyor-General, with £125. Other officials whose incomes 
are stated are Ulster King of Arms, £26 ISs. 4d ; Athlone 
Pursuivant, £10 ; and, smallest of all, the Escheators of Ulster 
and Munster, who only received £1 5s. Od. per annum each. 

The accounts do not disclose any extravagance in the nature 
of perquisites or extra allowances, if we except the wine 
allowances. A sum of £73 lOs. Od. was paid to Sir Maurice 
Eustace, Chancellor and Lord Justice, " for seven tuns of 
French wine for the provision and store of his house for a 
year,'* and £68 5s. Od. to his colleague Lord Mountrath for 
six tuns and a half. Each member of the Privy Council, to 
the number of twenty-one, was paid £31 10. Od. for three tuns 
of wine per annum. 

The Pension List, too, at this date was moderate. W^ith the 
exception of a special grant of £1,500 yearly to Lord Clanricarde 
"till he should be restored to his estate" — which estate had 
under the Commonwealth become part of the possessions of 
Henry Cromwell — the largest were £800 to Viscount Taaffe, 
£520 to the Marquis of Antrim, £500 to Daniel O'Neill, the 
constant supporter of Ormond in his years of struggle with the 
Confederate Irish, and £300 to Bridget, Countess of Tyrconnel. 
These, like the payment to Lord Clanricarde, seem all to have 
been in the nature of allowances to dispossessed royalists 
pending the settlement of territorial claims. 

The charges on the Military List are mainly payments to 
captains of horse and foot for themselves and the officers 



XiU 

of their resijective troops or companies. Payments of this 
kind amounted in the aggregate to £4t9fl80 6s. Od. for the 
horse, and i*54,551 lis. Od. for the foot. Another hirge 
aggregate, amounting to nearly £40,000, was made up of pay- 
ments in respect of arrears to the army. Only a few 
individual payments are shown ; but it would appear that a 
captain of Foot received £184 8s. Od. per annum as his pay, 
and a lieutenant £67 4s. Od. The pay of a private was 
£10 4b. Od., or a little less than 7d. a day. Cavalry were 
paid at a higher rate. A captain of horse had £235 4d. Od. per 
annum. 

A few salaries which would seem naturally to belong to civil 
expenditure were charged to the military account. Thus the 
Presidents of Munster and Connaught each received a fee of 
£100, as part of an allowance of upwards of £800 allocated to 
each presidency, in respect of the diet of the President and 
Council and their retinue of thirty horsemen and twenty foot. 

This account of the State of the Irish Eevenue in 1660-61, 
may be usefully compared with the Lists of Civil Expenditure 
for the year 1666 and of the Military Establishment for 1664, 
given by Sir William Petty in his Political Anatomy of Ireland^ 
1672. 

III. LETTERS OF ELIZABETH, DUCHESS OF OEMOND, 
TO CAPTAIN GEORGE MATHEW, 1668-1675. 

The collection from which the letters of Elizabeth, Duchess 
of Ormond, printed in this Report, have been selected consists 
of a series of one hundred and thirty letters, addressed by the 
Duchess to her husband's half-brother. Captain George Mathew, 
or Mathews, between the years 1668 and 1678. The mother of 
the first Duke of Ormond, Elizabeth, Viscountess Thurles, who 
was a daughter of Sir John Poyntz, of Acton, Gloucestershire, 
had married as her second husband George Mathew, of Thurles, 
The Duke, who was always upon excellent terms with his 
numerous relatives, seems to have been specially intimate with 
his half-brother, George Mathew, and the latter appears to have 
acted as agent for Ormond's estate in Ireland and as his 
confidential adviser in all matters of private and domestic 
concern. Mathew, like Ormond's mother and most of Ormond's 



XIV 

relatives, was a Eoman Catholic. The Duke's engrossing 
concern in politics, even when not in power, naturally prevented 
his giving close attention to his private affairs, and during his 
often lengthy absence from Ireland the business of correspond- 
ence in regard to family matters appears to have been left for 
the most part to the Duchess, who was herself owner in her own 
right of a large part of the Ormond estates, and who was 
possessed, as these letters demonstrate, of excellent business 
aptitudes. The letters, indeed, show that the Duchess fully 
deserved the character given her by Carte as " a person of very 
good sense .... of an excellent capacity . . . . 
who understood all business in which it came in her way to be 
concerned perfectly well, and wrote upon them with great 
clearness and comprehension and strength of expression : not a 
superfluous or improper word appearing in her longest letters."* 
It must be added that the caligraphy of the letters confirms 
Carte's statement as to the neglect of the Duchess's early 
education. He states that not having been taught to write, 
" she learned it of herself, by copying after print ; for which 
reason she never joined her letters together." But they also show 
that Carte was right in adding that " if the Duchess of Ormond 
had any fault it was the weight of her spirit, which put her upon 
doing everything in a noble and magnificent manner without 
any regard to the expense." She was extremely extravagant, and 
these letters unfold many a tale of the domestic embarrassments 
which resulted. 

The Duchess's letters, accordingly, are all of them mainly 
concerned with the domestic interests of the Ormond family, 
but they incidentally touch on a number of matters of public 
interest and importance. They begin in the autumn of 1668, 
when the second of Ormond's three terms of office as Viceroy of 
Ireland was about to be closed as a consequence of the successful 
intrigues of the courtiers who had brought about the fall of 
his close friend and ally. Clarendon. The cabal against Ormond 
lasted through the late autumn and winter of 1668-9, and only 
ended on February 14th with the dismissal of the Duke. Most 
of the earlier letters contain allusions to the progress of this 
intrigue, and express the alternations of hope and misgiving 
in the mind of the Duchess, until, on February 16th, 1668-9, she 

• Carte's Life of Oniioiid II , 537-8. 



XV 

announces "what happened on Sunday last, which was my 
Lord's dismissal from the Government of Ireland declared by His 
Majesty, and Lord Eobartes named to succeed him.*'* But the 
Duchess consoles herself in this misfortune by reflecting with 
wifely pride that her Lord " preserves, thank God, a reputation 
beyond what any of them can blast, and has at this time the 
kindness and the respect of all this nation beyond what he 
ever had." Pepys, in his diary for this period, notes the 
progress of the struggle between Ormond and his enemies, 
and in November thought, like the Duchess, that the Duke 
was " like to continue in his command in Ireland. At least 
they cannot get the better of him yet."t Thenceforward 
there are continuous allusions to the state of politics, and the 
prospects of the Duke's reinstatement in the royal favour, with 
comments on various personages connected with the. Court. 
These are seldom acrimonious, with the exception of the refer- 
ences to Eoger Boyle, Lord Orrery, who in one letter! is spoken 
of as * the most false and ungrateful man living,' and whom the 
Duchess evidently considered to be the centre of hostility 
to her husband's interests. It may be gathered from one 
passage that Orrery had had hopes of the Viceroyalty which 
were disappointed by the nomination of Lord Robartes, and the 
Duchess was evidently prudently desirous of conciliating the 
friendship of opponents rather than aggravating their enmity. 
Though removed from the office of Viceroy, Ormond was 
continued in the position of High Steward, and remained in 
attendance on the King. It being " not safe for his interests to 
leave Court," the Duke maintained a great establishment in 
London, his house " being daily the resort of all strangers and 
ambassadors, and all the nobility besides." § 

Although largely occupied with purely business matters of no 
historical interest — the letting of lands, the hiring and dismissal 
of stewards, bailiflfs and other servants, and so forth — the letters 
of the Duchess frequently throw interesting light upon the social 
conditions of the period both in England and Ireland, and 
enable us to understand the difficulties of maintaining a great 
establishment which beset the courtiers of Charles II., and 
involved in almost continuous embarrassment even so wealthy 
a subject as the Duke of Ormond. At the opening of these letters 

* p. 441, t PepyV Diary, Nov. 25th, 1668. t \k 443. § p, 446. 



XVI 

tlie Duke owned, in addition fco his numerous private and official 
residences in Ireland, a house of great magnificence in "St. 
James's, Chelsea," and his celebrated seat of Moor Park already 
noticed, which he had acquired in 1661. Many of the Duchess's 
letters are eloquent as to the difficulty of finding ready money 
for the equipment and maintenance of these mansions, and of 
the necessity for retrenching by giving up Moor Park. After 
many negotiations Moor Park was bought by Charles II. 
"goods and all," for the Duke of Monmouth for £13,200, 
of which £1,700 was for the furniture. " It is the King," 
writes the Duchess, " that buys it for the Duke, so as it is 
the Lords of the Treasury that we are now treating with, and 
so hope that will secure our payment, which is the main concern 
to be looked after."* 

The debts which figure so largely in these letters were due in 
part to the great magnificence with which the Duke of Ormond 
deemed it necessary to support the dignity of his almost 
unexampled position. But they were considerably aggravated by 
the extravagance of the three sons of the Duke and Duchess, 
Thomas, Earl of Ossory ; Eichard, Earl of Arran ; and Lord 
John Butler. Of these the last named was a hopeless scapegrace, 
whose difficulties were perpetual, and whose excesses terminated 
in an early death. During the i:)eriod covered by these letters 
this young hopeful was resident in Ireland, and the corres- 
pondence is much occupied with appeals to Captain Mathew 
to endeavour to effect his reform ; aj^peals in which maternal 
solicitude is frequently at odds with wifely prudence. The 
precise extent of Lord John's debts does not ajipear ; but that 
they were considerable may be inferred from the liberal 
arrangements which were sanctioned by the Duchess as a 
reasonable and moderate allowance for his future maintenance 
when they had been paid off, and which showed the standard 
of living considered appropriate for a cadet of a noble family 
in the early years of the Restoration : — " By the computation 
made of the yearly charge of my son John's servants and 
equipage, you will find it will come unto two hundred and 
twenty pound a year, so as out of his yearly allowance he may 
have besides, for clothes and pocket money, three hundred and 
fourscore, which well managed will maintain him as decently as 

* p. ur,. 



XVI 1 



any man of his quality needs to be, and his entertainment 
to go towards the payment of his debts. The greatest 
difficulty I apprehend to him will be the laying out of a hundred 
pound for a chariot and a pair of horses, and fifty more for 
liveries, besides what clothes he may need at his first coming 



over.* 



The other sons reflected much more honour on their parents 
than the unlucky John, but they were proportionately costly. 
The Duchess writes in strong terms of the reckless expenditure 
of the gallant and gifted Ossory, w^hich was, according to her, only 
too well supported by his wife (a different character of Lady 
Ossory is given by Carte). She also complains with almost equal 
irritation of "the expensive habits of Lord Arran. But both these 
atoned for the anxiety they caused, the former by the splendour of 
his services in the Dutch war, the latter by a wealthy match. 
In several letters the Duchess recounts with maternal pride 
the exploits of her eldest son in the naval battles of the Dutch 
war, in which Ossory served as Bear-Admiral under the Duke 
of York. In June, 1672, she tells how^ her husband has been 
to Windsor to attend the installation of Lord Arlington as a 
Knight of the Garter, and adds, " the like honour the King 
declared my son Ossory should have when the next vacancj^ 
should happen : which promise he made in public upon 
Tuesday last, when the Queen and he did both sup with my son 
in his ship ; Her Majesty having a desire to see the fleet, which 
she did and lay in the ship two nights." t Catherine of 
Braganza evidently held Ossory in high esteem. He was 
towards the close of his career ai)poiuted Governor of the 
fortress of Tangier ; and in one of Queen Catherine's extant 
letters preserved at Kilkenny she condoles with evident sinceritj'' 
with Ormond on the premature death of his gifted son. J A 
few months later Ossory*s instalment is dulj" announced, — a 
ceremony " which has been of some charge to my Lord (Ormond) 
who was willing to help him on that occasion, and did unto the 
value of £500."S The occasion also involved some charge to the 
Duchess herself ; for not long afterwards she tells Mathew he 
will do her * a special courtesy ' l)y procuring her ^200," for 
so much I owe for a diamond Ocnvf/e that I gave unto my son 



*p. 451. tl>- 450. :J: Tliis letter lias hoen printcvl in Vol, 1. of the 

Ormonde Papers (Fonrteentli Hep. App., part vii., p. 30,) § Il»i<l, 



XVlll 

Ossory when he was made knight of the Garter."* It would 
seem that the Duchess was sometimes driven by the expenses 
of the Ormond's London establishment to raise money by even 
more inconvenient expedients. In 1668 she found herself 
obliged "to pawn a pair of diamond pendants worth £700," 
in respect of which £500 was advanced by Sir Stephen Fox.t 

Of Lord Arran, the second son, we also hear a good deal. 
When first mentioned in 1668 he is described as " in great 
sadness," caused by the untimely death of his first wife. 
Subsequently Arran seems to have fallen into doubtful habits ; 
but he had the resolution to break from them, and to drown in 
the excitement of war the sorrows which wine could not 
obliterate, and is found honourably bracketed with Ossory for 
his gallantry in the fights with the Dutch. Eventually, towards 
the close of the correspondence, he consoles himself by a 
second marriage with Miss Dorothy Ferrars, which manifestly 
rejoiced his mother. The Duchess was a confirmed match- 
maker, and these letters contain many allusions to possible 
alliances. The letter announcing Arran*s engagement is quite 
triumphant. " If you have not heard from me so frequently 
of late as you might expect," she writes in May, 1673, ** you 
will the less wonder when you hear of two marriages in my 
family that are near concluded — the one for my son Ossory's 
daughter unto the Earl of Derby ; the other my son Arran to 
the daughter of one Mr. Ferrars, one of the best and ancientest 
families of England, formerly Earls of Essex. The portion is 
£12,000, and but one sickly young man between her and 

£3,000 a year after his father's decease "This," 

she goes on, " is a great year for weddings generally, so 
as I do not despair but that my son John may get a wife 
too, for so he makes me believe, if his friends assist and 
countenance him."t The ne'er-do-well did in the end succeed 
in making a great alliance, marrying in 1676 the Lady Ann 
Chichester, daughter of the first Earl of Donegall, and being 
created a peer on his marriage by the title of the Earl of 
Gowran. But he survived his marriage only by a few months. 
Several letters in the first section of this volume refer to the 
negotiations attending this alliance. 



* p. 451. t p. 438. See also as to tlieir trans\otion p. 290. % j). 452. 



XIX 

Of the customs of the tmie as regards the establishments of 
great houses, and the mode of travelling between England and 
Ireland, the letters of the Duchess contain numerous illustra- 
tions. The move from Ireland must have been a formidable 
undertaking even to those who could best afford the expense 
when, as detailed in the first of these letters, a great lady 
brought her equipage across the channel. "I arrived at 
Minehead,"* the Duchess writes from Moor Park, " the Sunday 
after I parted from you, where I was driven to stay until the 
Wednesday following to give my coach horses one day's rest, 
that came not into the harbour till two days after me ; so as I 
came not hither till Tuesday last."! The journey from Dublin 
to Moor Park thus occupied at least ten days, and it cost 
exactly A*140, as we learn from the next letter : " I must tell 
you that I have been so good a manager of my own, as paying 
the charge of both the ships, which cost me threescore and 
five pounds — and ten shillings a head duty for every horse 
besides — I brought threescore pound of my two hundred with 
me hither, which has purchased me all that I shall lay out 
upon myself until Christmas next."t Elsewhere we learn 
that the salary of a clerk of the kitchen engaged in London 
for Kilkenny Castle was i'20 yearly, § while an assistant to 
that functionary called * a larder man,' demanded £15 a year, 
** but with much ado I brought him to A*10," — a modest wage 
for one who was certified to have " skill to powder meat and 
to keep the wet larder ; he is a cook besides, and has served 
as a caterer seven years in a gentleman's house."** The 
scarcity and incapacity of domestic seiTants is no new thing 
in the twentieth century. The Duchess pronounces her verdict 
on those of the Kestoration in terms which sound familiar: 
" So strange a time this is for servants, as people of all degrees 
complain that they were never so bad as now."tt The Duchess 
further throws light on house rent in London and its suburbs 
in her day. " My son (Ossory) has taken a house for his lady, 
and intends to send for her as soon as better weather is. 
The rent he pays for it is £110 a year. It is competent for 
the bigness of it, and such a number of servants as he intends 
to keep." The Duke himself, we learn, paid £250 per annum 

* In the 17th century there wan much communication lietween Minehead in 
Somerset, on the south side of the Bristol Channel, and the south of 
Ireland, especially Waterford and Wexford. fp. 437. J p. 4'dS, §p. 444. 
•• p. 444. tt p. 440. 



for his town house.* This, however, does not sound so good 
a bargain as that which she made for herself when she wintered 
at Hampstead for the benefit of her health. " To prevent my 
cough growing worse," she wTites in December, 1673, I came 
for l)etter air to Hampstead, some five miles from London, to 
a pretty house furnished, w^hich I took from Michaelmas last 
unto our Lady Day, for £40." f 

This Eeport and introduction has been prepared by Mr. 
C. Litton Falkiner, w^ho desires to acknowledge the assistance 
he has received in the work of transcrijDtion from Mr. Sidney 
C. Eatcliflf, now of the Public Record Office, London, and 
Mr. Thomas J. Morrissev, of the Irish Record Office. 

In this as in former volumes, Ormond and not Ormonde 
has been uniformly followed as the form of the title almost 
invarial)ly used l)y the Duke of Ormond and by his Duchess. 

* p- 445. t p. 440. 

Note. — The letters as 1x)und up in the volume of originals at Kilkenny 
Castle are nuHplaced in several instances. In some of them the dates of the 
month onlj* is ^iven, and is ascribed to the wrong year. They are here printed 
as far as jiossilvle in their proper elironolonrieal order j as in the case of the 
misplaced letters the real se«iuence is usnally apparent from internal evidence. 



THE MANUSCEIPTS 



OF THE 



MARQUESS OF ORMONDE, K.P., 



KILKENNY CASTLE. 



Arthur Annesley * [Lord Anglesey] to Ormond. 

1660, May 26. London. — The multiplied favours of your 
Lordship's letters, so full of particular kindness to me, leave me 
under an incapacity of return, but I must not be so wanting upon 
all occasions to acknowledge my obligations which I find increase 
daily, and with them I assure your Lordship that gratitude which 
you may justly expect. The warning received of His Majesty's 
intentions both as to the time and place of his reception hath 
quickened the preparations neccessary, the errors whereof will, I 
hope, be lost in crowd of our joys to see him, which, I assure 
your Lordship, the condition of affairs here requires should be 
speeded. 

I receive it as a sure expression of your Lordship's particular 
respect to me that you desire my meeting His Majesty at Canter- 
bury with the General, and the adjournment your Lordship 
mentions would have in that case been necessary, but by the 
General's and other sound advice I am tied from that part of my 
duty to attend His Majesty's service here, which cannot dispense 
with my absence till the supply His Majesty brings be in place, 
and, I assure your Lordship, the state of affairs is not such yet as 
can admit of adjournment. I shall say no more till I be so happy 
as to see your Lordship here, but that I am highly sensible of 
your Lordship's owning me, and count my own particular safe 
whilst your Lordship is the patron of it. Your Lordship will find 
the General answer the expectation I have given your Lordship. 

* Arthur Annesley, created in 1661 Earl of Anglesey, was at this time 
President of the interim Council of State. 

Wt S878 A 



List of Officers and Servants of the Royal Household. 

1660, June 10. — The number and quality of His Majesty's 
household servants in every OflBce.* 

Oomptinghouse, 

Lord Steward i. 

Treasurer of the House i. 

Comptroller i. 

Cofferer i. 

Clerks of the Green Cloth ii. 

Cleric of the Comptrolments ii. 

Sergeant of the Comptinghouse i. 

Yeomen ii. 

Groom i. 

Messenger i. 

Messenger Extraordinary i. 

Bakek<mBe. 
Sergeant i. 
Clerk i. 
Yeomen iii. 
Conducts iiii. 
Yeoman Gamitor i 
Yeomen Purveyors iiii. 

Pantry. 
Sergeant i. 
Yeomen iiii. 
Grooms ii. 
Pages ii. 
Breadbearers ii. 

CeUar. 
Sergeant i. 
Yeomen iiii. 
Groom i. 
Pages ii. 

Yeoman of the Bottles i. 
Yeomen Purveyors ii. 

Buttery, 
Yeomen iii. 
Grooms ii. 
Pages ii. 

Yeoman Purveyor i. 
Groom Purveyors iii. 

Pitcher-house. 
Yeoman i. 
Grooms ii. 
Page i. 

* This liflt, with other documents relative to the royal household, is connected 
with the Duke of Ormond's tenure of the office of LDrd Steward of the House- 
hold, to which he was appointed at the Restoration. 



Spicery. 

Clerks iii. 
Grocer i. 

Chandry. 

Yeomen ii. 
Grooms ii. 
Page i. 

Yeoman for Wax i. 
Tallow Chandler i. 

Ewry. 

Sergeant i. 
Yeomen iii. 
Grooms ii. 
Page i. 

Washery. 

Yeoman i. 
Groom i. 

Confectionery, 

Sergeant i. and i. Supernumerary. 
Yeoman ii. 
Groom i. 
Page i. 

Laundry. 

Laundress for the King's feoard i. 
Laundress for the Household i. 
Yeoman i. 
Grooms ii. 
Pages iii. 

Kitchens. 

Mr. Cook for the King i. 

Mr. Cook for the Household i. 

Clerks iii. 

Yeomen vi. 

Grooms vii. 

Children x. 

Turnbroths36 j Placed by the Chief 

Porters and Scourers 10 [ Clerk of the Kitchen 

Doorkeepers 2 ) and Mr., Cook. 

Larder. 

Sergeant i. 
Clerk i. 
Yeomen iii. 
Grooms iii. 
Pages ii. 



Accattery. 

Sergeant i. and i. Supernumerary. 

Clerk i. 

Yeomen ii. 

Grooms ii. 

Yeomen Purveyors v. 

Keeper of the Pastures i. 

Herd i. 

Boiling-house. 

Yeoman i. 
Grooms ii. 

Poultry. 
Sei^eant i. 
Clerk i. 
Grooms iii. 
Purveyors v. 

Scalding -house. 

Yeoman i. 
Grooms ii. 
Pages ii. 

Almonry. 
Yeomen ii. 
Grooms ii. 

Pastry. 
Sergeant i. 
Clerk i. 
Yeomen iii. 
Grooms iii. 
Children iii. 

Scullery. 
Sergeant i. 
Clerk i. 
Yeomen iii. 
Grooms ii. 
Pages ii. 
Children iiii. 

Porters at Gate. 
Sergeant i. 
Yeomen iii. 
Grooms iii. 

Woodyard. 

Sergeant i. 
Clerk i. 
Yeomen iii. 
Grooms ii. 
Pages ii. 
Woodbearers ii. 



The Hall. 

Marshals vii. . 

Sewer iiii. 

Surveyors of the Dresser ii. 

Waiters xi. 

Daily Waiters ii. 

Harbingers. 

Gentlemen ii. 
Yeomen vi. 

Caretakers. 

Clerk of the Carriage i. 
Yeoman i. 
Grooms iiii. 

Caretakers of London iiii. 
Gilder i. 
The Cock i.* 

The Bellringer i. 

Artificers having no wages, only coat-cloths. 
Brewers ii. 
Wine Porters viii. 
Wheat Porters viii. 
Cornmeaters ii. 
Wine-cooper i. 
Pewterer i. 
Blacksmith i. 
Basketmakers ii. 
Twiner i. 
Brazier i. 
Potter i. 
Wax-chandler i. 
Fruiterers ii. 
Stationer i. 
Woollen Draper i. 
Trunkmaker i. 
Jackmaker i. 
Purveyor of Hushes i. 
Milk woman i. 
Miller i. 
Glover i. 
Oatmeal Man i. 
Salary Man i. 
Cupmaker i. 
Cutler i. 
Bagmaker i. 
Milliner i. 
Barber i. 



* Possibly CocA for Coachman is intended. The Cook is aoconnted fov At p. 3. 



6 

Marchioness* of Obmond to John Burden. 

1660, October 9. London. — I received but one letter 
from you since you left this place, so as I have but little to 
say in answer of the contents ; but that there is a letter signed 
by His Majesty concerning the rents payable into the 
Exchequer and the arrears, according as you did desire might 
be procured, which shall be very shortly sent, as is now a copy 
of the letter for the reversion of one of the offices you desired, 
the original whereof I thought fit to send by a sure hand for 
fear of miscarriage ; which I do assure you cost me some pains 
to procure, which if it had not been gotten when it was I have 
good reason to believe would not have been obtained, in regard 
the King has resolved to grant no reversions, therefore the 
less is said of this the better. As for answering of Sir Henry 
Tichborne's demand, I shall not adventure to do it unless by 
advice from you and the rest, in regard I find none here that 
are willing to lay out money in that country, therefore let me 
know, in case that he do importune my Lord or me, what 
answer will be fit to give him, and to use the best endeavour 
you can the meantime to prevent the place from being left 
waste, or the woods from destruction both there and elsewhere. 
I perceive that Mr. Butler of Balynahinchye has been 
threatening of Captain Gilliard, whom T desire may be 
encouraged in the tenancy until Mr. Butler can prove his title 
to be better than ours, which, his carriage considered and what 
is to be said against him, he will be very hardly able to do. 
The account of the debt due to my Lord from the King is now 
stated and ready to be given unto the Lord Chancellor of 
England upon Thursday next, who we hope will be assisting 
to procure us satisfaction ; in the meantime we have secured 
all the mortgage and obtained a grant of all those prizewines 
that were exempted out of the ancient patent which it is 
intended shall pass under the Great Seal here to be enrolled 
in Ireland ; by which you may perceive that I have not been 
negligent in the concern of our estate in putting my Lord in 
mind to move for what is so necessary to the preservation of his 
fortune, of which I pray make my old friend the Doctor! 
acquainted, and let me hear from you of all such affairs as 
concerns 

E. Ormond.J 



* Ormond's elevation to the Dukedom did not take place till March 30, 1661. 

t Fennell. 

t A number of the documents of this period, cataloged in the Appendix to the 
4th Report, are letters from tiie Duchess of Ormond to John Burden or Bonrden, who 
appears to have been her steward or agent at Kilkenny, and to other dependants. 
Thej relate exclusively to private affairs and have no particular nistorical 
interest, and the letter here printed is a fair specimen of their general character. 
The letters immediately following, to or from Sir W. Flower, though lamly 
conversant with the personal int^ests of the Ormond family, are valuab& as 
showing the difficulty of dealing at the Restoration with lan(u appropriated to 
other persons under the Commonwealth^ and are printed for that reason. 



Sir William Flower and John Burden to Lady Ormond. 

1660, October 19. Clonmel. — Though we [have] not so 
frequently given your Ladyship account of your affairs here as 
might be expected from us, yet we assure your Ladyship that 
nothing hath been omitted by us in discharge of that trust you 
were pleased to repose in us ; one of our number writ only once 
to your Ladyship since our coming into this kingdom, but 
whether his letters came to your Ladyship's hands or no we 
know not, in regard we have not received a line from that side 
since we left it. 

We have already taken possession of all my Lord's lands in 
the counties of Dublin, Meath, and Catherlogh [Carlow] and 
have disposed of them according to instructions. As also the 
Castles of Kilkenny, Knocktopher, Gowran, Carrick, with their 
appurtenances, and all the lands in the country of my Lord's to 
this town, and now we have taken possession here, and from 
hence we intend to Cashel, and so through the country, and 
as soon as we have brought things into any form your Ladyship 
shall have a more particular account. We are somewhat at 
a stand as to those lands whereout my Lord had only a chief 
rent, whereof we meet with a vast number, and they are held 
as of my Lord's manors. We shall only now name two for 
example, the manors of Kilsheelan and Carrick. We have 
entered upon the manor in the name of the whole lands held 
from that manor and upon some of the lands themselves, as 
namely Ballineale with the members. But that which we 
humbly desire to be instructed in is whether we shall accept 
of the chief rents or the whole rents for which they are set, 
the question being whether (the Irish possessors forfeiting their 
interest) the same doth not revert to my Lord. This is matter of 
law and what requires a speedy resolution, or (should their 
interests not revert by their forfeiture) whether it would not be 
fit for his Lordship to get a grant of them from His Majesty. 
They are indeed many and very considerable, and (if we be 
not informed) almost half the County of Tipperary will be 
included. Next to this we humbly desire his Lordship's 
commands touching Mr. Richard Butler of Kilcash his estate, 
for it is my Lord's, and peradventure there may be some 
prejudice, if possession be not taken, in case he should fail in 
the recovery thereof himself. It will be requisite that a letter 
be procured from His Majesty to the Lord Chief Baron here 
requiring him to take order that all my Lord's lands which have 
been leased by the late powers in any part of this kingdom be 
struck out of charge, otherwise those who took them and are 
now become his Lordship's servants will be troubled by process 
out of that Court, and his Lordship disappointed of his rents. 
We shall at present add no more to your Ladyship's trouble, but 
beg your commands in reference to what is now humbly 
represented unto you by, may it please your Ijadyship, your 
Ladyship's most faithful and most obedient servants, 

Wm. Flower, Jo. Bourden. 



8 

Postscript : — ^We have taken order for the repair of Carrick 
house and Cloghgrenan , the house of Kilkenny being in pretty 
good repair already. 

We humbly desire directions as to the chief rents of this 
town and other Corporations, the case being the same with 
that of the lands out of which a chief rent is only paid. 

Endorsed : — Sir Will. Flower and Mr. Bourden to my lady 
Marchioness. 

Paper attached to this letter, with answers to queries in 
above letter: — 

The lands held by my Lord as of any his manors can not 
escheat to him in case they become forfeited for high treasons, 
for all forfeitures of that nature goes to the King (the case of 
murder only excepted, wherein the lands goes to the Lord by 
escheat), and though my Lord hath the King's letter for all 
such forfeited lands, yet there can be no entry before the letter 
be passed the Great Seal. And for the same reason the whole 
rent (which is intended the profit of the land) cannot be seized 
upon, but the chief rent may and ought to be taken, and the 
arrears thereof ought to be taken up, for they are not saved to 
the present tenants within the Act whereby my Lord is restored 
to his estate, that Act tending only to arrears of lands held in 
demesne by my Lord. The Commissioners are not to meddle 
with Mr. Butler's estate, he being in a clear way to be* restored. 

The producing of the Act for restoring my Lord to his estate 
in the Exchequer may serve for a warrant there to put out of 
charge any lands belonging to my Lord which the Commissioners 
are to try by conferring with the Chief Baron, and if he be not 
therewith satisfied , the order from His Majesty may be had in 
the meantime. And for any rent in arrear before last May, 
there is a letter from His Majesty as well for them as for debts, 
which is to be passed under the Great Seal as soon as the 
Chancellor goes over. 

Sir William Flower to Lady Ormond 

1660, October 31. Dublin. — I hope the letter that was 
written at Clonmel was delivered you, in which was an 
account of our journey in that country ; from whence we went 
to Fethard and did take possession of what land lies in those 
parts, and from thence to Cashel and Golden Bridge and to 
all the land that Dr. Fennell held. Marten that is tenant to 
the land was then here in Dublin ; his wife delivered the 
possession, and told us her husband would willingly turn 
tenant to my Lord, on which we left her in her house. Our next 
journey was to Holy Cross which we possessed and have set it 
until Easter to the tenant we found in it. Then we went to 
Fame Bridge [? Farnane] ; there is a castle well repaired by 
Hulett ; the sheriff had seized it for His Majesty's, but when we 
came he gave us the key ; we have set some part of the land and 
a house that he built for an inn, and that day we took possession 
of several good places that only paid chief rents unto my Lord , 



9 

which now being forfeited 1 hope that my Lord will get a 
grant of them, they being very considerable in all parts as the 
whole town of Clonmel and Boss. Some of those that hold 
the land would pay the chief rent, but I gave orders 
unto Mr. Butler to receive none until we receive your Lady- 
ship's commands. On Wednesday last we were at Nenagh ; 
when we came thither I sent for the Governor of the County 
and desired him to go into the Castle with me and to command 
his soldiers out, that possession might be taken for my Lord; 
he went with us ; when I came in I told Col. Abbott our 
business, he was much troubled, but at last drew all his family 
out, and I gave the possession of it unto Lieut. -Col. Finch, 
who is the Governor in those parts, and he has promised to 
deliver it us on dem[and]. That night we set Colonel Abbott 
the land that he held by lease until Easter next ; very much 
troubled he is, and hopes to have a lease, and says he will give 
as much as any man. I told him I thought my Lord intended 
to dispose of it some other way. I having received a letter from 
the Lord of Mountrath at my coming out of Kilkenny to repair 
to Dublin, having done with all places of greatest concernment, 
I left the orders with Major Harman, Mr. Butler and Mr. 
Burden, and took my journey hither and brought with me a 
list of the land that is in charge of the Exchequer, and this day 
I have been with the Chief Baron and Sir James Ware and 
they have promised to have them put out of charge. I was with 
the Lord of Mountrath, who tells me that he will to-morrow 
give me order for the fort of Duncannon. We have not been 
with Sir Robert Meredith, nor taken possession of that land 
he holds. This is by the advice of Doctor Fennell ; we find 
that he has paid no rent all these times, so that I hope he will 
be found to be in my Lord's debt; I humbly desire some 
directions as to this. There is order left for the keeping of 
Carrick house dry, but we know not what to do with 
Cloghgrenan, it is so very much out of repair. I sent Mr. 
Harker and the mason and slater from Dunmore to see whether 
with a reasonable charge the walls may be preserved, but with- 
out orders we dare not undertake it, the workmen on the place 
telling us d£40 will not keep it dry. 

ORDER BY COMMISSIONERS FOR IRELAND. 

By the Commissioners for the Government and Management 
of Affairs in Ireland. 

1660, November 7. Dublin. — Forasmuch as our very good 
Lord James, Marquess of Ormond, Lord Steward of His 
Majesty's Household, hath for a long time been deprived of his 
estate in this kingdom, so that he hath not as yet received 
such benefit thereby as might enable him in present to pay 
His Majesty's Crown rents due thereout, it is therefore ordered 
that for the present there be no assignments made of any of 
the said rents, whereof His Majesty's Auditor-General and 
His Majesty's Beceiver General and Deputy are to take notice, 



10 

and to take care that this onr order be duly observed. And in 
case any assignments of the said rents have been already made 
that the sum be taken back and other assignments given in lieu 
thereof. Mountrath. William Bury, vii. November, 1660. 

Entered in the office of the Auditor General. 

Ja. Ware. 

Oemond to Sib William Flower. 

1660, December 18. Whitehall. — ^I have prevailed with 
my trusty and well beloved Sir Maurice Eustace, knight, Lord 
Chancellor of Ireland, one of the Lords Justices of the same, 
to have an inspection into my affairs there, and to contribute 
his advice unto you in the carrying on of my business ; whereof 
I will have you take notice, and once every quarter to wait on 
him and at other times at bis Lordship's house, as there shall 
be occasion, to give him an account of your proceedings that 
so his directions and advice may go along with you in the 
ordering of my estate and what may concern me, and this I 
would have done not out of any diffidence I have in any of you, 
but for your greater ease and security by having such a 
conductor as his Lordship, who, I am sure, will make my 
concernments his own, if not more. This is all at present, 
and so I rest, your very loving friend. 

Endorsed: — A copy of my Lord's letter to Sir William 
Flower, concerning the Lord Chancellor of Ireland. 

Ormond to Dr. Gerald Fbnnell. 

1660, December 19. Whitehall. — Good Doctor : It is not 
long since I writ to you by my brother, George Mathew,* who 
] hope is long since gotten home ; what was then in preparation 
is long since brought to a conclusion such as will displease 
many, and those perhaps of differing interests and affections, 
and that was not to be avoided where expectations were so 
much greater than the means to satisfy them. The ancient 
natives who had the misfortune to be found dispossessed and 
under a severe rule (to call it no worse) , and had not the power 
or opportunity to contribute more than in their wishes to the 
happy change, will no doubt bear the heaviest burden, and will 
longer feel the smart of those wars that have so long afflicted 
these kingdoms. I am not afraid to say that I am sorry for 
them, nor that any body should conclude from thence that I 
would help them if I could ; what was in my power I have done, 
and what shall be I will, to relieve such as shall in my judgement 
merit it, to which there will need no greater inducement than 
that they are afflicted and repentant. In this I speak only 
of those that can claim least of my ear. I was willing to give 
you this account of my own inclination, though I believe you 

♦ Omiond was Mathew's uterine brother, his mother, Lady Thnrles, having 
married as her second husliand a member of the Mathew family.-— 5ef 
Introduction. 



11 

remember me better than to doubt it could be other. For 
your particular I hope you will not be troubled to find many 
I value, and know much less than I do you, named in the 
Declaration and yourself left out ; you may be sure I had 
reasons for it you would not disapprove. I shall only 
mention one and that is that I am confident I shall provide as 
well for your security another way. John Walsh* will tell 
all things more at large, I shall only assure you that I am still 
as much as ever your constant and faithful friend. 

Endorsed: — A copy of my Lord's letter to Doctor Gerald 
Fennell. 

8m William Petty to Ormond. 

1660 [-1], March 1. — The enclosed is an obscure draft of 
what I mentioned to your Lordship under the name of a 
Registry. Whether it be the same that others have since 
offered I know not, but shall wonder if it be. I beg your 
Lordship either to cause it to be considered or burnt. I do 
not appear a projector to shark for my necessities nor because 
the newness of my thoughts hath intoxicated me, but because 
I have so often slept upon them within these five years as that 
I can hope to say some things soberly enough concerning my 
proposition. I should have presented this thing to your 
Lordship in gratitude and because you have obliged me, but 
I do it now because I know few hands besides your own from 
which Ireland will endure to receive any new thing. What 
I intimated at my last waiting upon your Lordship shall be 
present, clear and certain. Your Lordship shall not disoblige 
any by countenancing what I offer, because it shall not interfere 
with other proposals. And as for debating the feasibility and 
usefulness of the thing, let it be done most publicly if your 
Lordship think fit, for having 'scaped pretty well in several new 
proposals already, I have the courage to venture being laughed 
at once more. I beg your Lordship's pardon of this insolence. 

Endorsed: — ^Dr. Potty's, dated the 1st of March, 1660; 
with certain proposals for the improvement of Ireland, etc. 

Elizabeth, Lady Thurlbs to Ormond. 

1660 [-1], March 7. Thurles.— Son : This bearer, 
Thomas Comerford, son of Edward Comerford, your old 
servant, has occasion to make his address to you, and desires 
me to write to you in his behalf, and to let you know that what 
formerly has been idle in him is now reformed, as his friends 
assure me. I do not question but His father's merits will 
prevail with you to use your endeavours for his inheritance and 
his other rights, all which I leave to your consideration, and 
pray Almighty God to keep you and yours, your ever loving 
mother, Eliza Thurles. 

Endorsed: — My mother's. 

, I , , I I ■- — — ■ — • — ■ — ^"1 — - -"— ^^— 

* Ormond't family lawyer. 



12 

EoYAL Letter for Lease of Customs of Wines to the 

Earl of Northumberland. 

Charles B. 

1661, April 6. — Bight trusty and well-beloved Councillors, 
We greet you well. Whereas our right trusty and right well- 
beloved cousin and councillor, Algernon, Earl of 
Northumberland, hath by his petition informed us that the 
late Earl of Carlisle was by letters patent under the Great Seal 
of England, bearing date the 9th day of June, 1635, possessed 
of the profits arising by the customs, subsidies, and imposts 
of wine imported into our kingdom of Ireland for the term of 
50 years, commencing from Michaelmas, 1612, under the yearly 
rent of d£l,400 payable into the Exchequer in Ireland; and 
that the said Earl of Carlisle did convey all his interest in the 
same unto Lucy, Countess of Carlisle, his then wife, who held 
and enjoyed the same accordingly unto the year 1637 ; at which 
time our late royal father of blessed memory thought fit to 
resume the interest of the said Countess in that grant into his 
own hands, and upon a treaty in that behalf it was concluded 
that the said Countess should surrender the said grant, and in 
lieu thereof our said late father should pay unto her the sum 
of sixteen thousand pounds ; in pursuance of which agreement 
there was eight thousand pounds, part thereof, shortly after 
paid to the said Countess, but the surrender upon the sole suit 
of the said Countess (alleging it might be some prejudice to 
her to quit all her pretensions in those customs) was not 
accordingly executed ; whereupon it pleased our said late father 
to accept in satisfaction for the eight thousand pounds so paid 
as aforesaid the yearly rent of one thousand pounds for the 
term unexpired in that grant to be paid over and above the 
£1400 per annum first reserved and to waive the surrender; 
and for the other eight thousand pounds remaining of the 
sixteen thousand pounds our said late father did declare, and 
accordingly by his letters bearing date the 7th day of December 
in the 15th year of his reign was pleased to give directions to 
his then Deputy of Ireland to pay the same, and upon payment 
thereof it was also agreed that there should be the like yearly 
rent of one thousand pounds more answered out of the profits 
of the said customs for such time as the said Countess had in 
the said grant ; but it is alleged that the said latter eight 
thousand pounds was not accordingly paid, neither could the 
said Countess receive the profits of those customs for many 
years whereby to make good those rents by reason of the 
Bebellion which broke forth in that kingdom. Now forasmuch 
as there is a small term in being in the said grant which appears 
to be unsurrendered, the interest whereof is now devolved upon 
the said Earl of Northumberland as administrator to her, we 
are well pleased upon his request in that behalf to grant him 
the benefit thereof, and do therefore hereby require you to give 
such order and to pass such act or acts whereby he and his 
agents may take possession and be enabled to receive the profits 



I 13 

of the said customs during tbe continuance of the said term 
unexpired upon the due payment of the rents reserved and 
payable to us by virtue of the said grant and agreement. And 
whereas he hath likewise petitioned us for renewing the lease 
of the said customs, whose request we are pleased to grant for 
the term of one and twenty years at the yearly rent of fourteen 
hundred pounds as the same was formerly granted to the Earl 
of Carlisle, yet inasmuch as we are informed that other customs 
and impositions are upon wines than were granted to the said 
Earl of Carlisle, we holding it necessary to be certified what 
the customs and impositions upon wines are at present and 
what part thereof are comprised in the Earl of Carlisle's grant, 
do direct and hereby further require you to make and transmit 
unto us a certificate thereof accordingly. And for so doing 
these our letters shall be your warrant. Given at our Court 
at Whitehall the sixth day of April, 1661. By His Majesty's 
command. Edw. Nicholas. 

Bishop of Limerick* to Sir William Flower. 

1661, August 2. Limerick. — I have sent you (enclosed) 
a copy of an order from my Lords Justices and Council, which 
when you are pleased to read you will find that thereby there 
is authority given to me (as to others of my brethren) to dispose 
(for this year) all the forfeited impropriations in this Diocese, 
amongst which the rectory of Glenogra is one. But hearing 
that you (or some agents under you) lay claim to it in the 
right [of] my Lord, I have given you the trouble of this letter, 
and herein to acquaint you that upon enquiry I find by clear 
evidence that either my Lord, or some other of the Earls of 
Ormond, sold that impropriation to Mr. Earle of Bath (who 
is Lord of that manor), and he sold or mortgaged it to Mr. 
Nicholas Haly, and by his forfeiture it hath been set (for the 
use of the State) these three or four years last past, and now (as 
forfeited) by the King's bounty bestowed upon the Church. 
So if it be my Lord's I shall cease, and wish the value of it 
were multiplied by hundreds and thousands to him and his. 
But if not, I know my Lord is so noble and I know you to 
be so friendly affectionated to the Church that you will not 
deprive us of it. My humble service to you and my entreaty 
for a word or two in answer to this shall conclude you the 
trouble of this address. 

Sir John Temple to Ormond. 

1661, September 17. Dublin. — I have received your 
letter of the 9th of this present, and am very glad of this 
opportunity to express the great affections I bear unto your 
Grace's service here. As for that particular concerning the 
mortgage, I did when I had the honour to wait upon you at 
Whitehall let your Grace know that the whole interest was 

* E<lward Synge, Bishop of Limerick 1661, translated to Cork, 1663. 



14 

transferred out of me unto Sir John Dingly, knight, of the 
Isle of Wight, and I then brought his eldest son, Mr. John 
Dingly, to wait upon you, and so far prevailed with him that 
notwithstanding he had received no interest for his money for 
fifteen years together during the late rebellion, and that his 
mortgage was now become an absolute and indefeasible lease 
in law by your Grace's not payment of the money upon demand 
made according to the deed, he was content that upon the 
payment of the principal money and some reasonable part of 
the great arrear due, the lease should be resigned, and made no 
question of prevailing with his father (who is very old) to 
satisfy your Grace therein. I have now written unto him to 
the same purpose. 

Sir William Flower to Ormond. 

1661, November 26. Dunmore. — ^By the last post I 
received several letters from your Grace, with the most welcome 
news of my Lord's being Lord-Lieutenant, to the very great 
comfort of all honest men ; the other sort of people pretend 
great joy too, and last night in Kilkenny were as many fires 
and guns shot off as was heard or seen in that city this many 
years. 

The Names of those Persons whose Estates are Forfeited 
IN Ireland for sitting on His late Majesty's Trial. 



Cromwell. 




Ludlow. 


Hewlitt. 


lertone. 




Clement. 


Axtell. 


Corbett. 




Wogane. 


Andrews. 


Jones. 




Cooke. 


Hewstone. 


Waller. 




Dendy. 


Ewers. 


Endorsed :- 


-1663 


, November 27 (re 


jceived). 



Elizabeth, Lady Thurles to Ormond. 

1661 [-2] , February 8. — Son : I am entreated by Mr. John 
Corbit to desire your favour for his wife towards the obtaining 
of her suit, and to let you know I never heard he in his own 
person did deserve any ill, unless it were by being the son of 
such a father, which was not in his power to remedy ; and for 
his wife's sake you may please to show what favour you think 
convenient, for she was most dear to her father whom I know 
was a most faithful servant of your's, which with much affection 
he expressed a little before his death. God Almighty bless 
and keep you and all yours. — ^Your ever loving mother, 

Eliza Thurles. 

Izaac Walton to Mrs. Dorothy Smith. 

1661 [-2], March 21. Worcester.— Good Mrs. Smith,— 
If in your first letter you had given me notice where 
to have directed mine to you, then you might have 



» 15 

spared your second, and now, in answer to both, I 
shall say faithfully that I do verily believe or rather know 
that the 150 li you mention was paid by the Duke's order for 
his use about the year 1641. It was paid (and I think by me) 
to an* agent of my Lord's who was very well acquainted with 
Mr. Whiniard, his Lordship's tailor, who dwelt then in the 
Old Bailie in London, and I believe was paid by me at 
Mr. Whiniard's house and in his presence. And in good faith 
I do believe it was used by direction from the Duke to buy 
ensigns and flags and such utensils for war. *Tis now twenty 
years since: and my memory may fail in particulars, but in 
the substance I know I do not, nor do I make any doubt but 
that it was employed for his Lordship's use, and that I think 
I am not mistaken, I dare be sworn. 

Though I am a stranger almost to yourself, yet for your 
husband's sake, who was my dear friend, I am willing this 
my true testimony may do you good ; and especially at this 
time, which it seems you are in necessity now, that it may do 
that which I intend; and because the Duke can have no 
knowledge of me to incline him to believe me, if his Grace will 
appoint some one of his attendants to show this my letter to 
my Lord the Bishop of Worcester, I think he will both say he 
knows this to be my hand, and that he thinks I am an honest 
man. I wish your business or any thing that at any time 
may concern myself may so prosper as I conceive I have spoken 
the truth. Beyond this I shall not enlarge myself. Almighty 
God keep the Duke and you and all that love him in his 
favour. 

Your loving friend , 

Isaac Walton. 

Postscript : — ^I will add this more, that I think I may have 
some papers that be not now with me that may give notice to 
whom it was paid, but doubtless buffcotes and ensigns were 
bought with it, and for my Lord of Ormond's use. I am not 
in health, and therefore beg to be excused for my bad writing. 

Endorsed by Ormond: — Iz. Walton to Mrs. Smith, 
concerning a debt due from me to her husband, Mr. Geo. 
Smith. 

Mayob of Clonmel and Others to Captain George 

M ATHE w . 

1661 [-2] , March 22. Clonmel.— Worthy Sir : Pursuant to 
the discourse some of us had with you yesterday, and to what 
some weeks since was requested by ourselves and many others 
in our congratulatory address to his Grace the Duke of Ormond, 
we do hereby entreat the fulfilling of your courteous promise 
by furthering what you can our pressing desires of holding 
from that noble family. And of this great happiness we do 
the less despair because the walled towns are allotted by His 
Majesty for satisfaction of arrears before '49, and because we 
are well assured that this place will bear but a very small 



16 

proportion to his Grace's debt when it should be audited on 
that account. Our suit to you is that by a letter to some fit 
person about the Duchess you would first inform yourself, and 
then us, what course will be the most acceptable and proper 
to be used in the prosecution of this affair. And although we 
have not acquainted many with our writing to you at this time, 
yet dare w^e promise you that nothing can be more welcome 
than its success to all the inhabitants of this place, as their late 
unanimous and cheerful subscribing the address above- 
mentioned doth sufficiently evince. Sir, We have nothing to 
add but that your careful endeavours in this business (besides 
our town in the general) shall particularly oblige your very 
humble servants , Charles Blount, Tho. Stanley, Rob. Knight, 
Ri. Hamerton, Sam. Ladyman, Charles Alcocke. 

List fbom the Great Wardrobe, London, of Articles detailed 

FOR THE King's service in Ireland. 

Great Wardrobe These particulars following were 

in London. detailed for His Majesty's service 

in the Kingdom of Ireland in 
the year 1661. 

The Royal robes of crimson velvet, furred, &c. 

A cap of maintenance. 

Three Cloths of Estate, embroidered with His Majesty's arms 
and badges, and to each of them one great chain, two high 
stools, one footstool, and two cushions. 

Three silver and gilt maces. 

A Sword of Estate. 

A purse for the Great Seal, embroidered, &c. 

Two Heralds* coats, richly embroidered with His Majesty's 
arms. 

Three messengers' coats of scarlet coloured cloth, embroidered 
with His Majesty's arms on back and breast. 

Two suits of tapestry hangings. 

Endorsed : — A note of provisions sent into Ireland for His 
Majesty's service, in the year 1661. 

Sir Abraham Yarner* to Ormond. 

1662, April 5. Dublin. — I thought it my duty to present 
your Grace a brief abstract of His Majesty's army here in 
Ireland as they were this last muster. In the horse are 
included the supernumeraries, which are 121, as also such as 
■ are respited and absent, which are 15; the whole number of 
horse 2388; the whole number of the foot-soldiers is 5978, 
besides 18 men respited and absent. The supernumeraries 
are to be reduced into the troops, and each troop to 67, besides 

* Muster- Master General of the Army in Ireland, 



17 

commissioned and non-commissioned ofiScers, and until then 
no vacancy to be supplied ; likewise the foot companies are to 
be reduced to 87 soldiers, besides commissioned and non-com- 
missioned officers, so that the whole army of horse and foot 
consists of 8384 private soldiers, besides all wards, Provost- 
Marshal's men, and train of Artillery. 

1 had given your Grace this account before now but that this 
last muster my deputies were much retarded by the great 
extremity of ill weather, each one's circuit being at the least 
300 miles, some 400, as also this time they administered both 
officers and soldiers the oaths of allegiance and supremacy. 
I hope I shall present the abstract of the next muster to your 
Grace in Ireland. 

Earl of Anglesey to Ormond. 

16G2, April 26. Drury Lane. — Nothing hath occurred 
here since your Grace's going worthy your knowledge, neither 
should I have given you the trouble of a letter but for what 
I would not adventure upon the despatch of in your Grace's 
absence. Your Grace may remember that when you were last 
present in Council, you agreed to some names of Commissioners 
for Alderman Smith's bill of charitable uses, but the number of 
thirty-two allowed by the bill were not then considered, which 
hath made a mistake ; for those last agreed on are too few, and of 
the thirty-two some are not fit to stand ; I have therefore by 
direction of the Council sent your Grace both the lists, to the end 
you may, instead of those agreed upon in the smaller list, mark 
those which shall be put out in the greater, wherein I have given 
my opinion by marking them with a cross, and have no more 
to say upon the business but that the Alderman beseecheth your 
Grace that Sir Theophilus Jones, whom he accounts his greatest 
adversary in Ireland, may not be one ; and it will be necessary 
most of the Aldermen continue, that they may never want a 
quorum in Dublin. I am taking care for Dr. Currer and 
the rest of the warrants I received since your Grace went ; the 
greatest difficulty I find is to get' the £4,000 . for the 
Commissioners and Mr. Vangelder, which I am still labouring 
in, but find some doubt raised as if the Queen's money would 
not reach to pay all. I have prevailed with Mr. Vyner for 
almost £3,000 in assignments more than the £6,000, your 
Grace's occasions requiring it, so that now my Lady Duchess 
and I have, I hope, overcome all difficulties. I am to allow 
this last £3,000 upon payment in August, and when your 
Grace comes will attend you for your warrant therein to be 
allowed upon your entertainments in Ireland. And because I 
have observed that hitherto estimates have not been rightly 
adjusted, and I am resolved to serve your Grace thoroughly 
in this business, I desire that you would yet timely consider 
with yourself whether some money may not yet be wanting 
for the journey that so I may look out for it in time, that there 
be no retardment upon that account. 

Wt 8878 B 



18 

Mr. Strode hath presented your Grace with a fine young 
stone horse, which I caused to be sent to your stable. He 
brought his son also to town, who is to attend your Grace into* 
Ireland, who would have gone to Portsmouth, finding you 
were there, but I caused him forbear till I had your Grace's 
pleasure therein. 

Earl of Anglesey to Ormond. 

1662, May 3. Drury Lane. — This day I received your 
Lordship's of the first of this month, and shall settle the 
business enclosed concerning Alderman ' Smith according to 
your Grace's direction, which fully suits with my own judg- 
ment. I must now acquaint your Grace with a consequence 
of your absence which happened at Council yesterday, and 
gives me ground to apprehend worse when the sea is between 
you and England, if a secure provision of prevention be not 
made before you go, wherein my Lord of Strafford's wisdom 
hath laid a fair example. Upon the information of Mr. 
Slingsby (who had it seems forgotten that your Grace was 
Lieutenant of Ireland) that he might appear a singularly 
officious officer of the mint, being supported with some of the 
Council that I could not balance, exhibiting to His Majesty 
and their Lordships the pretended great mischief that would 
befal England by the Letters Patents for coining of small 
money in Ireland, whatsoever was offered for delaying a 
resolution till your Lordship's coming or otherwise against his 
intimations, it was resolved that Mr. Secretary Nicholas should 
send a letter by the next post for stop of all proceedings therein 
till further orders. The weighty reason pretended was that 
it would carry all the money out of England, whereas the 
patentee is bound to bring all the coin in foreign bullion thither. 
My Lord, the thing is not so considerable in itself as it is 
dangerous to your Lordship, that upon an information so 
weakly grounded (that I hear he is since labouring to find 
matter to justify his complaint) an act of your Lordship's 
relating to your own government, and which I believe upon 
examination will justify itself, should receive a demur without 
your Lordship's being heard when it was desired. This is 
all I shall say of this business till I see your Grace. 

I have taken care to satisfy Sir George Hamilton , though I 
could not pay him fully, and he shall not at all be disappointed. 

I have and shall attend my Lady Duchess about the main 
supply, and doubt not to serve your Grace effectually therein. 
We are as impatient here as you can be there of the Queen's 
landing ; I hope a few days will shew us what is to be done. 
I shall observe all your Grace's commands relating to Mr. 
Strode. 

The Earl of Anglesey to Ormond. 

1662, May 6. Drury Lane. — Since my last nothing hath 
come from Ireland but a report, without letters (that I can hear 
of), that the Parliament there had adjourned to the 24th of 



19 

this month, which I much wonder at, having given notice 
long before that the bills so much expected were upon the w^ay 
towards them. The intended despatch concerning the small 
money, wherein I advertised your Grace Mr. Slingsby appeared 
so concerned , is by His Majesty ' s order respited till your Grace * s 
return. I do attend my Lady Duchess, from whom your Grace 
commands me to receive a measure as to the provision to be 
made of private moneys, and shall take care therein I hope 
to your satisfaction. I left it free to Mr. Strode whether that 
five hundred pounds should be paid in or continued six months 
longer, and he having declared his willingness to the latter, 
the interest shall be paid the 14th' of this month when it is 
due. Sir George Lane communicated to me your Grace's 
commands concerning the horse to be ready in Ireland in July, 
but no resolution being yet taken about the money I forbear 
writing more than generals into Ireland, that by way of 
preparation it may be considered where and how they may be 
best and most speedily raised when money and orders arrive. 

The Earl of Anglesey to Ormond. 

1662, May 16. Drury Lane. — This bearer, my cousin, 
Thomas Laugherne, Major-General Laugherne's eldest son, 
having attended (according to your Grace's intimation of 
favouring him therewith) a vacancy in Ireland, and Captain 
Gifford, who had the command of a foot-company, being lately 
deceased, I do humbly recommend him to your Grace for that 
charge, his fitness for the place and the great sufferings of 
that family for the Koyal interest pleading much in his behalf. 
His Majesty being assured of the Queen's arrival, though he 
had before resolved to begin his journey towards Portsmouth, 
yet, finding some bills of public concernment were not 
despatched, did yesterday by a message to both Houses quicken 
the finishing of them against Monday, when he declares his 
intention to make a session, and the same day to begin his 
journey , so as he may be with the Queen on Tuesday night ; 
here were bonfires, ringing of bells, and other expressions of 
great joy yesterday for the Queen's arrival in safety. 

I hope now your Grace will hasten your journey for Ireland ; 
that kingdom languisheth for you. I have done what her 
Grace hath desired as to money, though with much difficulty, 
and must pray your Grace to be still mindful of Sir Thomas 
Vyner for his twenty-two thousand pounds of the Queen's 
money. The only thing wanting is the £4,000 for the 
Commissioners and Mr. Vangelder, which without greater 
allowance and security than I have power to propose is not to 
be obtained. I should be glad to receive your Grace's further 
direction herein when you have spoken with His Majesty. 

Sir John Dbnham to Sir George Lane. 

1662, July 24. — The bearer hereof, my kinsman. Dr. 
Denham, is the gentleman concerning whom I spoke to you 
at London, who, when you have some knowledge of him will 



20 

recommend himself better to you than I can. What his 
pretensions are I know not, but whether they concern the body 
natural or the body politic, he is very capable of serving his 
Grace in either, and if for your favour to him I can make you 
a return of any service here, I shall think myself very happy 
to have it in my power to do it, being most unfeignedly, Sir, 
your most affectionate kinsman and most faithful servant, 

Michael Boyle,* Bishop of Cork, to Sir George Lane. 

1662, July 29. Cork. — This paper is intended to meet 
you at Dublin. Whether it will do so or no I know not. But 
this I assure you, that there are few persons living who more 
heartily prays for his Grace's safe arrival into this kingdom 
than your humble servant. It is no small affliction to me that 
I should be absent at this time, when the long-expected joy 
of this nation is brought unto us by his access. I had not 
doubtless stirred from my post nor removed one foot out of 
Dublin had not his Grace's licence and encouragement inclined 
me to make a step into the country before his coming over, 
and I presume his Grace will pardon my absence, which is not 
only my misfortune but my punishment. I am at present 
detained here by a great distemper of my wife's, who hath 
been very ill this fortnight, but I shall no sooner see her in a 
probable condition of recovery but I shall hasten up to pay my 
humble duty and obedience to His Excellency, and I shall beg 
your favour to say something for me that may excuse me to 
His Grace that I am not as early at his feet as others of his 
servants are. I have a great impatience until I shake hands 
with you at Dublin , for until I see you I shall not be satisfied 
that we have you. I beseech your presentment of my very 
humble service to your lady and unto yourself the most resigned 
affection of, dear sir, your most humble and faithful servant. 

Petition of Poor Pensioners and Orders Thereon. 

1662, August 6. Dublin. — The humble petition of the 
poor pensioners, being most of them widows and father- 
less children. 

Humbly shewing that your Honour's poor pensioners have 
been deprived of their pensions almost this year and a half, 
by means whereof they are all of them in a most miserable 
and distressed condition, some of them ready to starve, other 
some ready to be cast into prison, and others of them to be 
turned out of doors and to lie in the streets, who have several 
times presented their humble petitions to this honourable Board 
for means, but have been delayed and slighted from time to 
time, so that now they are most pitiful objects of tender com- 
passion, and if not speedily relieved by your Honour's means 
they are likely to starve and perish in the streets. 

* Subseqaently Lord Chancellor of Ireland, 1665, and Primate, 1675. 



21 

In tender coneideriition whereof may it therefore please your 
Excellency and the rest of this honourable Council tenderly 
to commiserate this their most lamentable condition, and to 
grant them your Honour's gracious order that they may have 
their means and allowance granted then and the rather for 
that they had an order about half a year ago for half a year's 
means, and never had it given them to this very day. And 
your poor petitioners and pensioners shall ever pray. 

Endorsed at foot :- — ^Dublin Castle, August 7, 1662. — Let this 
petition be presented unto us at our next sitting at the Council 
Board, where the same shall be taken into consideration and 
such further order given thereupon as shall be thought fit. 

Ormond. 

Petition of Samuel Pepys and order thereon by Ormond. 

To James, Duke of Ormond, his Grace Lord-Lieutenant 
General and Governor General of Ireland. The humble 
petition of Samuel Pepys. Sheweth that your petitioner's 
father about five years ago for a very valuable consideration 
did buy from Major Dudley Phillips (a person of known 
loyalty to His Majesty) certain debentures for his arrears 
due to him for his service in the war of Ireland before 
the fifth of June, 1649, amounting to £4,000 or £5,000 or 
thereabouts. 

That the late usurpers of the Government in 1649 (w-ell 
knowing the said Major Phillips' affections to His Majesty, and 
being desirous to disband him) did then pay unto the said 
Major Phillips the sum of £130 in money for three months' 
pay, due to him for his service after the 5th of June aforesaid, 
and did thereupon disband him. 

That your petitioner's father having left the said arrears to 
him for his portion, your petitioner by the strictness of the 
late Act of Settlement is to be postponed for satisfaction of 
the said arrears, to your petitioners ruin if not remedied by 
your Grace. 

May it therefore please your Grace to take your petitioner's 
case into your gracious consideration, and that the sufferings 
of the said Major for his loyalty may not be any prejudice to 
your petitioner, but that your Grace would be pleased to take 
such order as in your wisdom shall seem expedient, whereby 
the trustees appointed for the '49 security may admit your 
petitioner to a prior satsfacton for the said arrears. And he 
shall pray. 

Undated. Endorsed at foot :— Dublin Castle, August 8, 
1662. — We recommend the petitioner to the Trustees of the 
Commissioned Officers of the Army before the fifth of June, 
1649, whom we desire to take his petition and condition into 
consideration, and to afford him all the favour and furtherance 
they may towards his satisfaction for the debentures above 
mentioned . Ormond . 



22 



Lists of Offices received from Mr. Attorney, the 

10th of August, 1662. 

Several sorts of officers that are to be appointed in the 
several ports of this kingdom for levying and collecting His 
Majesty's duties of Excise and new impost, according to the 
tenor of an Act lately passed in this present Parliament. 

1st. — To be appointed by the \ Chief Commissioners not ex- 
the Lord Lieutenant only t ceeding the number of five. 

2ndly> — To be appointed by/ A Surveyor General in His 
the Lord Lieutenant only | Majesty's port of the said 

duties of Excise and new 
impost. 



\ 



Srdly, — To be appointed by 
the Lord Lieutenant and 
Council 

4t}dy. — To be approved by 
the Lord Lieutenant and 
Council 



Commissioners of Appeals 

The Sub-Commissioners in all 
places where the Lord Lieut- 
enant and Council shall think 
fit to appoint Sub-Com- 
missioners. 



To be approved by the Lord | Collectors in the several ports 
Lieutenant and Council \ of the said duties of Excise 

i and new impost. 



To be approved by 
the Lord Lieut- 
enant only 



Searchers 

Waiters 

Messengers 

Clerks to the^ 
Sub-Com- 
missioners 



-] to [- 



To be appointed in all 
places for the levying 
and collecting of the 
said duties of Excise 
and new Impost ac- 
cording to the late Act. 



-]. 



1662, August 11. Hampton Court. — By the last letters 
from Holland is confirmed the report we had of three of the 
East Indy ships, together with their whole lading, which was 
very rich, being cast aw^ay at the Texel, which disaster together 
with the other four of that fleet strayed in their way hither- 
wards and not yet heard of, as also their late great loss in the 
island of Formosa, very much afflicts those of Amsterdam, who 
are more considerably interested in that fortune. The Spanish 
Ambassador, Don Steph. di Gamarra, hath desired two months 
more time for the delivery of the ratification of the late agree- 
ment made between his master and the Estates concerning the 
division of the Pais d'Outremeuse, whereat the Dutch seem 
a little altered, and say they will admit no further delays, but 
will expect either the ratification of this or the eflfects of that 
agreement at ITunster made concerning this matter in 1648. 



23 

The Elector of Brandenburg hath lately received his 
investiture of the Duchy of Pomerania from the Emperor, and 
'tis believed a good sum of money, so as he being now wholly 
[Impjerialist the King of France begins to think his game the 
harder, and is said to have new thoughts of his journey into 
Alsace, for which he hath despatched the Duke de Mazarin 
thither already. The late fleet set on by the French under 
the Duke de Beaufort into the Mediterranean is after much 
noise quietly returned home without effecting any one thing 
. considerable, and now the Dutch and they discoulrse of an 
union of their forces in the Mediterranean against the Pirates. 

By late letters from Tanger we find things in a very good 
condition there, and the Gay land [?] having again desired to 
treat a friendship, so as it were with the Governor himself, upon 
that and other considerations of advancing the King's service 
in that place the Earl of Peterburgh is this week to embark 
with a supply of all necessaries for the garrison. The same 
letters tell us Sir John Lawson was making for Arzilla, with 
intention to bring them to a peace with us as those of Tituan 
are already, which both lying in the neighbourhood of Tanger 
will be of great use for the supply and countenan [ce] [of] 
that place. Sir Bichard Fanshaw is likewise [obliterated] will 
be setting forward for Lisbon as His Majesty's Ambassador 
Ordinary to remain there. 

Their Majesties and the Court are still at Hampton Court, 
expecting till the lodge designed to receive the Queen at 
Vauxhall be fully ready, which may possibly yet wear out a 
fortnight or more. In the meantime the City are forward 
[ing their] preparations to meet Her Majesty on the water as 
far as Putney, and so to wait on her to her landing at White- 
hall. 

The Queen Mot [her] remains likewise at Greenwich till 
Somerset [Hou]se be fitted to receive her. 

At a late Common Council the City voted a pension of dE500 
per annum to Sir Bichard Brown for the good services he hath 
and daily doth His Majesty and the City as Major-General of 
the militia of London. 



Ordbr to the Sheriffs of Dublin, &c., for Quartering 

Troops. 

1662, August 25. Dublin. By the Lord-Lieutenant 

General and General 
Ormond. Governor of Lreland. 

Whereas we have thought fit to give order for the marching 
of the four troops of horse lately quartering in this City to other 
places in the country, and have appointed five other troops 
hereunder mentioned to march up hither, these are therefore 



24 

to will and require you to appoint convenient quarters for the 
said five troops, as they shall come to this City in the several 
places following, viz. : Our own troop in Dammas Street, 
St. George's Lane, College Green, Lazyhill, St. Bride Street, 
and St. Kevin Street, our very good Lord the Duke of 
Albemarle's troop in Oxmantown, our very good Lord 
the Lord Viscount Grandison's troop in St. Thomas and 
St. James Streets, Sir Oliver St. George's troop in St. Francis 
Street and Ormond Gate, the Coombe, Crooked Staff, and 
Pimlico, and Colonel Daniel Bedman's troop in St. Patrick 
Street, New Street, New Row, and the Fottle. And for your 
so doing this shall be a warrant. Given at His Majesty's 
Castle of Dublin the 25th day of August, 166'2. 

To our trusty and well-beloved the Sheriffs of the City of 
Dublin, and the Seneschals of the respective liberties of 
St. Sepulchre, St. Thomas Court, and Donore, and every of 
them. 

G. Lane. 



Petition op the Inhabitants of Co. Tippbbaey and order 

THEREON BY THE LoRD LIEUTENANT. 

Sheweth : That the pass called the Long Ford in 
the Barony of lUeogarty in the said county, being a 
causeway of a mile long and the only road for most parts of 
Munster, is eaten away and destroyed by the waters, so that 
the same must be wholly new done, but the charge thereof 
(amounting by estimation to so great a sum as upwards of 
six hundred pounds) cannot be borne by the said county. 

Now forasmuch as the King and Queen's counties and the 
counties of Limerick, Clare, and Kilkenny do participate of 
the benefits of the said pass, and in regard the said county of 
Tipperary of itself is no way able to bear the whole charge 
thereof. 

Your suppliants are become humbly bold to be suitors to 
your Grace in this extraordinary case, that out of your great 
wisdom some way may be found whereby the aforesaid counties 
may be made contributaries with your suppliants in the said 
great charge. 

R. Butler. Geo. Mathew. Theobald Mathew. 

Bedmond Everard. John Walshe. Hie Sankey. 

Elias Greene. 

Undated, Endorsed at foot: — Dublin Castle, August 27, 
1662. — ^Let this petition be presented unto us at our next 
sitting at the Council Board, where the same shall be taken 
into consideration, and such further order given thereupon 
as shall be thought fit. 



25 

Estimate Concerning Repairs to Fortifications of 

Dublin. 

1662, August 28. — An Estimate concerning the repair of 
the fortifications about this City. 

£ s. d. 

Imprimis. The whole line contains 2212 perch 
of 10 foot to the perch, whereof 1662 perch 
the scouring and making the trench 18 foot 
wide at the top and 10 foot at the bottom 
and 8 foot deep, casting the earth inwards 
at 6s. the perch, comes to 0498:12:00 

Item. The remaining part of the trench being 
550 perch is filled uj), and will cost 10s. the 
perch to be new sunk, which comes to ... 0275 : 00 : 00 

Item. 740 perch of the trench, being a loose 
earth, must be sodded from the bottom to 
the top on the rampier side, which at 5s. 
the perch comes to 0185:00:00 

Item. The new making up and new sodding the 
rampier and parapet, of 1475 perch, where 
both the sods and some part of the earth is 
wanting and must be fetched at a good 
distance, so that one with another it will 
come to 12s. the perch, and is in all ... 0885 : 00 : 00 

Item. The remaining part of the rampier and 
parapet, being 737 perch, the repair will 
cost 8s. the perch, which comes to... ... 0294 : 16 : 00 

Item. There wants seven drawbridges each of 
which will cost, the making and materials 
£28 16s. OOd., (the particulars are on the 
other side), so the whole will come to ... 0201 : 12 : 00 

Item. There wants four new gates each at £8, 
(with some stonework that is wanting), the 
whole is 0032:00:00 

Item. There wants four new Courts of Guard, 
each will cost the building and materials 
i-25, the whole 0100 : 00 : 00 

Item. Six old Courts of Guard to be repaired, 

each at £S, one with another, will come to 0048 : 00 : 00 

Item. For palisadoes, turnpikes, &c., in all ... 0120 : 00 : 00 

Item. The making and repairing watercourses, 

beavers and turn- waters, in all ... ... 0040 : 00 : 00 



2680 : 00 : 00 



John Paine. 



26 

An Estimate of the materials and workmanship belonging 
to each drawbridge. 

£ 8. d. 
Imprimis. The jambs, sill and headpiece, 1^ ton 

of timber at 40s. per ton 08:00:00 

Item. The braces, spurs and brackets, ^ ton ... 01 : 00 : 00 

Item,. The wings with the braces, upper roller, 

tail-piece and mud-sills, 3 ton 06:00:00 

Item, Timber for the planks, one ton 02 : 00 : 00 

Item. The under roller, fore-piece, and joists 

. for the bridge, one ton 02:00:00 

Item. The carriage of the timber, being 7 tons, 

at 3s. per ton 01:01:00 

Item. The chains, bolts, spikes, &c., 2 hundred- 
weight at 5d. the pound, comes to 04 : 05 : 00 

Item, The masons' work and materials ... 03:10:00 

Item. The carpenters' and sawyers' work, in all 06 : 00 : 00 



28 : 16 : 00 



Endorsed : — Received from Captain Paine, the 28 of August, 
1662. 

A List of the Several Garrisons in the Irovince of 

CONNAUGHT. 

1662, August. 

In the County of Galway. 

The town of Galway fortified with a good wall and two 
strong citadels ; in the east citadel lies a lieutenant, an 
ensign, one sergeant, two corporals, one drummer, and 50 
private soldiers of the Lord President of Conaght's company ; in 
the west citadel all Colonel Chidly Coote's company, except a 
corporal and two files, and in the town Sir Francis Gore, 
Lieut. -Colonel and Governor, and all his company, except a 
sergeant, a corporal, and four files, and all Captain Garrett 
Moore's company except a corporal and two files. 

Bunowen, a small castle without a bawn, situate on the 
seaside in Erconaght (lar-Connaught) and secures a landing 
place from Enisbuffin (Inisboffin), wherein are two files and a 
corporal of Colonel Chidly Coote's company. 

Littormolan (LettermuUen) , a small castle without a bawn 
on the seaside in Erconaght, from whence the garrison in 
Aran have their firing, which the Islands do not afford ; here 
are two files and a corporal of Captain Garrett Moore's 
company. 

Aran. — In the great island is a fort, wherein Captain Deey 
is garrisoned with his ensign, one sergeant, one corporal, one 
drummer, and 45 private soldiers. 



27 

Dunmore, an old castle with a bawn wall and a gatehouse, 
no flankers ; here lies a lieutenant, one corporal, one drummer, 
and 22 soldiers of Sir Arthur Gore's company. 

Belamoe (Ballymoe), is a strong regular fort, newly built of 
lime and stone, with four bulwarks, situate on a pass between 
the counties of Galway and Roscommon upon the river Suck. 
The garrison that lies here is a lieutenant, one sergeant, two 
corporals, one drummer, and — private soldiers of the Earl of 
Mountrath's company. 

Banagher, a new castle regularly built upon a pass over the 
Shannon, in it a sergeant and four files of Sir Arthur Gore's 
company. 

My lock (Moy lough), a castle like the former upon another 
pass over the Shannon, and in it a sergeant and four files of 
Sir Arthur Gore's company. 

In the County of Mayo. 

Ballinrobe, a large strong bawn with four flankers of lime 
and stone, in which lies Sir James Cuff and his ensign, two 
corporals, one drummer, and 29 private soldiers of his company. 

Cahirnemart, a small castle on the sea side in the Owles 
(Burrishoole) towards Innisbufl&n, in it a sergeant and three 
files of Sir James Cuff's company. 

Newtown, a castle and a bawn wherein Sir Arthur Gore 
and two files and a corporal of his company are garrisoned. 

Inver, a small castle in Erris lying upon the harbour called 
Broad-haven, an ensign, a sergeant, a corporal, a drummer, 
and 30 private soldiers of Sir Arthur Gt)re's company. 

Moine (Moyne), an old abbey wherein is a corporal and three 
files of Sir Eobert Hannay's company. 

Innisbuffin, a fort in an island in the sea ; a lieutenant, one 
sergeant, two corporals, one drummer, and 45 private soldiers 
of Captain Deey's company. 

In the County of Sligo. 

. The fort of Sligo, not yet finished, garrisoned by Major 
Edgeworth's ward. 

Bellahy, a strong regular fort, lately built, with bulwarks 
of lime and stone, on a considerable pass between the counties 
of Mayo and Sligo. All Sir Robert Hannay's company lie here 
except three files. 

Eallyniote, a strong castle with a bawn, moat, and draw- 
bridge ; a corporal and two files of the Lord Roberts' company. 

Bally naf ad, a small castle without a bawn lying at the foot 
of the mountains of the Curlews ; a sergeant and three files of 
the Lord Roberts' company. 

Countv of Roscommon. 

Athlone, the Lord President's seat, a strong castle, and the 
town is fortified on Conaght side with a regular earthwork, and 



28 

on Leinster side with a stone wall. Captain Bichard St. 
George and all his company, except two files, lies in the castle ; 
and Lieut-Col. William Moore and Captain Baily with their 
two companies entire in the town. 

Boscommon, a strong castle and bawn ; Mr. Jones' ward. 

Castlecoote, a new regular bawn with flankers, the Earl of 
[ ] with one sergeant, one corporal, one drummer and 

— soldiers of his company. 

Boile (Boyle) , a considerable bawn with a gate house situate 
upon a pass at the foot of the mountains of the Curlews on 
Boscommon side; a lieutenant, an ensign, one sergeant, two 
corporals, two drummers, and 57 private soldiers of the Lord 
Boberts' company. 

Termonbarry, a small castle surrounded with great bogs and 
the Shannon; a sergeant, a corporal, and two files of Captain 
Bichard St. George's company. 

In the County of Leitrim. 

Jamestown, is a small town walled about, and hath a bridge 
over the Shannon betwixt the counties of Boscommon and 
Leitrim; here are two sergeants, one corporal, one drummer, 
and 37 private soldiers of Lord Berkeley's company, and an 
ensign and — soldiers of the Earl of Mountrath's company. 

Carrick-drumruske, a strong castle and bawn near a bridge 
over the Shannon ; a lieutenant, one sergeant, one corporal, one 
drummer, and 41 private soldiers of Sir James Cuff's company. 

Petition of Mabel, Countess-Dowager op Fingall. 

Undated. Most humbly showeth that after her husband, the 
late Earl of Fingall, serving under your Grace's command, died 
in prison, having fallen into the enemy's hands at Baggotrath, 
she was possessed of her jointure in Meath until the year 1654, 
at which time she was compelled to remove herself and her 
family into Connaght, being assigned for a livelihood some 
lands belonging to the Bishop of Clonfert and part of your 
Grace's estate in that province, in possession whereof your 
Grace having been established in the year 1660, and the Bishop 
being repossessed of what belonged to his see, your suppliant 
had since that time wanted a dwelling place, and been exposed 
to all the miseries which a poor widow could suffer, but that 
your Grace's commissioners were pleased to continue her a 
tenant to the lands belonging to your Grace, which she 
formerly enjoyed, for this and the last year. 

That it would therefore please your Grace, in pity of her 
present sad condition, until she may be enabled to receive the 
profits of her said jointure, which is yet in the hands of 
soldiery and adventurers, to provide for her own and the 
maintenance of her daughters and youngest son in some decent 
manner according their quality, and to afford her means to 
discharge the rent of the land so tenanted and some debts 
which she hath been necessitated to contract. 

Mabelle Fingall. 



29 

Endorsed at foot : — 

Dublin Castle, 21st August, 1662. 

Our Commissioners, who have the care of our estate, 
are to certify us for what rent that part of our land which 
the petitioner had is now set, and thereupon we shall give 
our further order. 

Ormond. 

2nd September, 1662. 

In obedience to your Grace's commands we certify that that 
portion of your Grace's estate in the Lordship of Aghrim, which 
was assigned to the Countess of Fingall for her lot, was by us 
set to her Ladyship at twenty pounds per annum, but the 
quality of it at present we cannot tell, our books being at 
Kilkenny, but the rent was no more than what her Ladyship 
was pleased at the first offer to give by reason of her turning 
your tenant out. 

Wm. Flower. 
Mat. Harrison. 

Dublin Castle, 20th September, 1662. 

Upon consideration had of the above certificate we 
are pleased, and so do order, that the payment of the rent 
due unto us from the petitioner for the lands in the said 
certificate mentioned be respited until the petitioner be 
restored to her jointure ; whereof the Commissioners for 
managing of our particular affairs, and all others concerned 
are to take notice. 

Ormond. 

Petition of Rev. Wm. Steeres. 

Humbly sheweth unto your Grace that your petitioner was 
a student in Trinity College, Dublin, for the space of seven 
years, and took his degree therein, and hath been sworn there 
one of the King's scholars, and being of late destitute of a 
livelihood, and finding a vacancy for the free school of the 
County of Kerry, your petitioner hath for these three years last 
past kept the free school at Ardfert, in the county aforesaid, 
where the said free school used to be kept, instructing the 
Protestant youth with little or no satisfaction for his great pains, 
except what the Lord Bishop of Limerick and Ardfert hath 
been graciously pleased to bestow upon your petitioner, but now 
so it is, may it please your Grace, that usually there hath been 
letters patents granted by His Majesty of the said free school to 
such a discerning person as should be recommended by the Lord 
Bishop of Limerick and Ardfert. 

Your petitioner therefore humbly prayeth your Grace in 
your wonted care of the nurture of learning to refer the 
examination of your petitioner's merits and abilities unto the 
Right Reverend Father in God, Edward, Lord Bishop of 
Limerick and Ardfert,* and upon his report to your Grace of 

* Edward Synge, Bishop of Limerick 1661 ; translated to Cork 1663. 



30 

your petitioner's fitness to discharge the said duty, to grant 
to your petitioner orders for letters patents to be master of the 
said free school of Kerry, with the usual stipend thereunto 
belonging. 

Undated. Endorsed at foot : — 

Dublin Castle, 11th November, 1662. 
The petitioner (as it seems by his petition) being 
known to the Lord Bishop of Limerick and Ardfert, 
we pray his Lordship to certify us what he conceives 
of his ability and fitness to be master of the school 
in his petition mentioned, that thereupon we may 
give such further order as shall be fit. Ormond. 

Dublin, November 14th, 1662. 
May it please your Grace, 
In obedience to your Grace's commands, I do hereby humbly 
certify that I know the petitioner, William Steeres, and '(to 
the best of my observation) have found him to be a person of 
good abilities, loyal principles, and civil conversation, and do 
conceive him to be a fit man to be master of the free school 
of Ardfert, all which I humbly submit, &c. 

Edw. Lymerick and Ardfert. 

14th November, 1662. 
Endorsed : — The Lord Bishop of Limerick's certificate to 
be read. 
A warrant granted the 20th day of November, 1662. 

Petition of Inhabitants of the Baronies of Moycullen 

AND BaLLYNAHINCH, IN THE CoUNTY OF GaLWAY. 

The humble petition of the poor inhabitants of the Baronies 
of Muckullen and Ballenehensie (Moycullen and Ballynahinch) , 
in the County of Galway. 

Shewing that the said Baronies for the most part are coarse 
bog and mountain and waste land, and not owned by the 
persons to whom the same was assigned upon the trans- 
plantation, and will ever be useless to the landlords and yield 
no quit rent or other revenue to his Majesty, unless that your 
Lordship, for the encouragement of such as will go to inhabit 
the same, issue orders to the High Sheriff of the County of 
Galway and the receivers of His Majesty's quit rent or their 
deputy in the said county, to receive from such as shall 
inhabit the same His Majesty's quit rent for such times 
only as they make use thereof, and not to trouble them 
for any arrears further than as aforesaid for the advancement 
of His Majesty's revenue and the good of his people. 

Undated. 

Petition- of Inferior Officers and Artificers of 

Artillery. 

1662, November 11. — The humble petition of the inferior 
officers and artificers belonging to His Majesty's train of 
artillery, ordnance, and stores. 



31 

' Sheweth that your petitioners had warrants granted to them 
from time to time by the late Lords Justices to receive their 
pay equal with the rest of the Army, but so it is that some of 
the said warrants do still remain unpaid by the Treasury, 
whereby your petitioners are reduced to very great extremities. 
May it therefore please your grace to commiserate your 
petitioners' condition, and to grant your order to His Majesty's 
Vice-Treasurer to make present payment of such warrants as 
were granted by the late Lords Justices to your petitioners and 
are not paid by the Treasury as yet. 

Endorsed at foot : — 

Dublin Castle, 13th November, 1662. 

We pray our very good Lord the Earl of Anglesey, 
His Majesty's Vice-Treasurer and Treasurer at Wars, 
to inform himself of the truth of the matter above 
mentioned, and to certify us his Lordship's opinion 
what he shall conceive fit to be done therein. 

Ormond. 

November 14th , 1662. 

May it please your Grace, 

The warrants in the petition mentioned are unpaid for want 
of money in the Treasury, but I conceive it just that the 
petitioners should be paid up as far as the rest of the Army, 
according to the present establishment, wherein such order as 
your grace shall give shall be obeyed as treasure comes in to 
answer. All which is humbly submitted. 

Anglesey. 

Dublin Castle, 18th November, 1662. 

Upon consideration of the above certificate, we do order 
that the petitioners be paid up as far as the rest of the 
Army, according to the present establishment, and that 
accordingly His Majesty's Vice-Treasurer and Treasurer 
at Wars, out of such of his Majesty's treasure as now is 
or first shall come under his charge, shall satisfy them ; 
and for his so doing this, together with their acquittances 
confessing satisfaction, shall be to him and the Commis- 
sioners of his account a sufiicient warrant. 



Ormond. 



Earl op Anglesey to Ormond. 



1662, November 26th. — In obedience to your Grace's 
reference of the 17th November, 1662, on the humble petition 
of the private soldiers under the command of the Right 
Honourable the Earl of Donegall, I have examined the allega- 
tions in the petition set forth, and do find that the late Lords 
Justices (on reading the humble petition of Walter Staplehill, 
agent in the behalf of the inhabitants of the town of Athlone, 
setting forth that the Earl of Donegall's troop was indebted to 
the said inhabitants in the sum of 4S0li sterling) , did order on 



32 

the 11th of October, 1661, that the Deputy Treasurer should 
stop one-third part out of the growing pay of the respective 
troopers from time to time, as the same should be paid and 
grow due according to an annexed schedule signed by the 
muster-master, until the said debts were satisfied. I further 
find that the humble petition of the said Walter Staplehill to 
your Grace in behalf of the said inhabitants of Athlone, your 
Grace was pleased by your order of the 7th October, 1662, to 
ratify and confirm the said order of the late Jjords Justices, 
by virtue of which several orders I find there was defalcation 
made for eight months. I likewise find that on the 7th of 
February, 1661, the Lord Justices ordered the said Deputy 
Treasurer to make payment unto the said Walter Staplehill, 
or his assigns, of such sum or sums of money as remained in 
his hands, or afterwards should come to his hands, upon account 
of the said debt due to the inhabitants of Athlone, by virtue of 
which order I find the said Staplehill hath received six months 
defalcations, and allegeth that he hath delivered up the troopers' 
bills for the whole eight months in hopes to receive the 
deductions made for the two months remaining unsatisfied 
to him, as well as the former deductions. 

And as to the reducing of the troopers' pay from two 

shillings per diem to 18d., the defalcations of the last two 

months being made according to the former establishment, I 

humbly offer (if the bills be delivered up as the said Staplehill 

allegeth) that the said defalcations may stand, and that the 

said Staplehill may give an abatement proportionably out of 

the next month's pay that shall be issued to the said troop or 

out of their arrears. 

Anglesey. 

Eemonstrance of Gentry of the Queen's County. 

1662, November 27. Maryborough. — We presume his 
Grace hath been informed of several rebels or (as they are 
now commonly called) Tories, who have of late committed 
many robberies, felonies, and other mischiefs in this county 
and continue in so doing; some of whom, by name, John 
Costigan, Gregory Costigan, Hugh Lalor, and Martin Connor 
(whether out of sense and sorrow for their offences or fear that 
their deserved punishment may in time seize them , we cannot 
judge) have desired us of His Majesty's Commission of the 
Peace for the said county humbly to offer unto his Grace that 
if they may be pardoned for all other their offences , they will 
submit themselves unto the law for any murder that can be 
laid to their charge, and will after such trial (if any happen 
to be and they acquitted) give sufiicient security to depart His 
Majesty's kingdoms by Easter next and not to return without 
special licence. This, Sir, as we humbly conceive being a 
proposition that may tend to the future quiet of this country 
and the peace and security of His Majesty's good people there, 
we have thought fit at our public ineeting on the subsidy, most 



33 

humbly to desire his Grace's pleasure and command therein, 
with what dispatch you may think fit the matter may require, 
and with it your pardon to, Sir, your humble servants. 

Amos Meredyth. 

Robt. Meredyth. 

Will. Lestrange. 

Joh. Pigott. 

Jo. Rawline. 

Wm. Weldon. 

Petition op John Trarr and Others. 

1662, November 28. — The humble petition of John Teare, 
Luke Austin, Thomas Fillgate, John Sammon, Randall Jones, 
John Stones, Patrick Breaghan, Stephen Garland, Francis 
Brickland, Thomas Walker, Nicholas Wallice, and James 
Walsh, innkeepers of the parish of St. Michan's in Oxman- 
towne, Dublin, 

Humbly sheweth — That the persons whose names are 
expressed in the annexed papers do stand justly indebted unto 
your petitioners for man's meat and horse meat in the several 
sums to their name annexed, as will appear by bills under 
their hands, the whole amounting to the sum of five hundred 
and sixteen pounds four shillings and three pence, and do not 
satisfy your petitioners their said debts; and that your 
petitioners never did (nor do not now) take from any of the 
said persons quartered upon them more than six pence per 
night for hay, and that at this time your petitioners have the 
Earl of Donegall's troops and half of the Lord of Dungannon*s 
troops quartered upon them this month past (not charged in 
the annexed papers), who take your petitioners' goods and do 
not satisfy them for the same, insomuch that your petitioners 
are disabled to satisfy their creditors, and without speedy course 
be taken for satisfaction of the said debts that your petitioners 
may enjoy what God doth bless them with in their endeavours 
and thereby be able to satisfy their creditors, your petitioners, 
their wives, and children are like to perish. 

Your petitioners humbly beg your Grace's tender considera- 
tion of the premises, and that your Grace will be pleased to 
order that Sir Daniel Bellingham, knight, may receive your 
petitioners' bills of the said troops, and pay your petitioners 
the sums therein mentioned, that so they may be enabled the 
better to trust those who are now quartered upon them ; or 
some other way for the present relief of your petitioners and 
their families as may seem meet unto your Grace. 

Petition of thr Private Soldiers under the Command 

OF THE Earl of Donegall. 

Sheweth that whereas your petitioners were formerly 
garrisoned in Athlone, the most of them became indebted to 
the inhabitants, whose agent hath continued by order from 
\Vt 8878 c 



34 

the late Lords Justices for near a year and an half to stop 
one-third out of the pay of all your petitioners in the hands 
of Sir Daniel Bellingham, knight ; 

That lOZ 7$, Id, of the money so stopped is for the debts of 
seven persons that were disbanded out of the said troop before 
the stoppage thereof, and 81 2s. more of the money so stopped is 
from sixteen of your petitioners, more than they were indebted 
to the said inhabitants, who have delivered their bills up to the 
said persons, and discharged them from all demands; an 
account of which several sums so wrongfully and over stopped 
is hereunto annexed ; 

And forasmuch as there is about 40Z now in the hands of the 
said Sir Daniel, which was stopped out of your petitioners' 
last two months' pay, which the said agent expects forthwith 
to receive, and pretends that he will thereout repay the afore- 
mentioned 101 Is, Id. and 8/ 2<9. Od., but your petitioners 
suspecting his payments, and believing when he hath it in his 
hand he will withhold it upon some pretence or other, to your 
petitioners further prejudice, wherefore they humbly pray your 
Grace to order the said Sir Daniel Bellingham to pay unto 
Edward Butler, Clerk of the said Troop, the said sums of lOi 
Is. Id. and 8i 2^. Od. , out of the money deducted from the last 
two months' pay, to be by him disposed to whom it is due. 

Endorsed at foot : — 

Dublin Castle, 10th December, 1662. 

Referred to our very good Lords the Earl of Anglesey 
and the Lord Kingston to examine the matter above 
mentioned, and to compose the difference between the 
parties concerned, if they can, by consent, or else to 
certify us what they shall find and conceive fit to be done 
therein. ^ Ormond. 

Thomas Ashe to Ormond and Council. 

1662, December 29. Trim. — Tn obedience to your 
Lordships' commands, I humbly make bold to acquaint your 
Lordships that this day (together with certain printed copies 
of an act of Council, dated the 13th instant, for enlarging the 
time for the payment of the first half-year's value, payable 
out of the e tates of adventurers, soldiers, and others unto 
His Majesty, unto the third of February next), I received your 
Jjordships' express of the 23rd instant, requiring me to cause 
the same to be proclaimed and publicly fixed in all the markets 
and other public places in this county; and that I shall, in all 
humble obedience, with careful speed and diligence, have the 
same effected accordingly, as all other your Lordships' 
commands which at any time shall come. 

Thomas Ashe to Sir George Lane. 

1662, December 29. Trim. — Sir, This day I received 
yours of the 23rd instant, and in it enclosed two printed orders 
from my Lord Lieutenant concerning debts due by soldiers 



35 

in their quarters. I have taken care for the speedy and careful 
publishing, and fixing them up in the most public places of 
this county, and do give you this account according to your 
commands. 

Endorsed: — ^From Mr. Tho. Ashe, Sheriff of Meath, 
concerning his receipt of the order for soldiers' debts to be sent 
up. 

Sib Nicholas Armorer to Sir George Lane. 

1662 [-3], January 3. Menes. — Dear Knight, God send 
you a merry New Year, and next that we may hear good news 
of you all from Ireland, it being now almost three weeks since 
any letters came from Dublin. Here enclosed I send you 
Sir Will. Scott's answer to your own and mine concerning 
the horse ; whenever he finds it time to call for him, there shall 
be one ready here according to my Lord Duke's order. 

Poor Jamey has been ill, and is in great trouble, you never 
write to him, he promised to bring me a letter this day for 
his mother, and fetch his New Year's gift, but it's five of the 
clock and yet I hear nothing from him. This place affords 
no news worth your knowing. The Russian Ambassador has 
had his audience and delivered his presents, which are very 
fine. This night there is dancing at the Duchess, her lodgings, 
and is to be twice a week. I am now in waiting, and will 
only wait till the day after that to return to my Irish duty.* 
Sir Will. Bourman and I dined yesterday together at a feast 
where we drank your health, so did Mr. Fox this day. 

My service to your Lady and her fair daughter Charlotte. 
I can only tell you the old tale that I am always at your service, 
and so you may freely command (me). 

My service to Sir Rich. Lane. 

Thomas Samborne to [? Sir George Lane]. 

1662 [-3], January 3. London. — After my most zealous 
prayers for your health and happiness in this new and many 
following years, I presume to send you this enclosed note of 
my disbursements for the French news until the last of 
December last, wherein (deducting the lOZ received of Mr. 
Vyner) I am in advance besides of SI 5s. 6d., and I am 
remitting a quarter more in advance as agreed to the 
intelligencers at Paris, so that when you think it fit, pray 
order said Mr. Vyner to pay me what may satisfy this and 
post of letters. I am informed that one is sworn in the 
yeoman Harvanger place, which I advised you to be vacant, 
that doth not lessen my hopes of your accustomed favours 
towards me in time and opportunity (to your wisdom) fit, 
and therein do I comfort. 

* Sir Nicholas Armorer, who hati been Eqnerry to Charles IT. abroad, 
was at this time Captain of the King's Company in the newly-formed regiment 
of Irish Guards 



s. d, 

4:9 

8:6 

13:6 

14:6 

14:8' 

• • • 


2;:15«:6<f. 
5:00 


• • • 


13{ : 5s : 6 
101 


• • • 


Si : 5» : 6<t" 



36 

Account enclosed with preceding letter ** Disbursed by 
Tho. Samborne for intelligence and post of letters from Paris, 
from the 15th of July to the last of December, 1662 : — 

To one of the intelligencers at Paris after the rate 
of 16 pistoles a year as agreed for 5 months 
and a J ... ... ... ... ... ... 6Z, Bter, 

To another intelligencer from the 1st September 
at same rate ... ... ... ... ... 4f : 6«. 

Post of Letters. 

Paid postage to the 24th of August 

More to the end of September 

More to the end of October 
More to the end of November ... 
More to the end of December 

For carriage of letters to and from the post 

Received towards this note of Mr. Vyner . . . 
So remains due to said Samborne 

John Love to Sir George Lane. 

1662 [-3] , January 6. Kinsale. — Ever honoured Sir, yours 
of the 27th of December I did not receive until the 3rd of 
January, since which time I have not been idle in observing 
my Lord Lieutenant, his Grace, and your commands in making 
inquiry into the present state and condition of the King 
of Portugal's ship. I did write and speak to every particular 
man that I could hear of that had anything to do with the 
said ship, and I have got an account under each of their hands, 
true copies of which I have here enclosed sent you, but the 
originals I keep by me fearing they should miscarry. Sir, 
there is a gentleman that lodged near your house in Dublin, 
one Mr. Tho. Amory, that married the Lord of Kerry's 
daughter, if you please to send for him, he knows much 
concerning that ship, for he had some order from the Duke 
of York long since to make inquiry after her. The ship 
is near a thousand ton, and I am informed that she cost 
twenty thousand pounds the building, and I am likewise 
informed, by very skilful men, that two thousand pounds 
will not set her to sea fit with all materials. And this is all 
the account that can be learned at present concerning that 
ship. 

Ever honoured Sir, T make bold to acquaint you that it was 
a custom before the wars that whoever were governors or 
d'^.puty governors of this fort, had a privilege to have what 
wine or other provisions was spent in the fort duty-free. 
Now may it please you to send me an order under my good 
Lord Lieutentant's hand to the officer of the custom house 



37 

of Kiiisale, that Sir William Penn may have that privilege, 
or myself in his absence. Sir, this is a place of great resort 
and of great expense, and I must confess ingenuously to you, 
that I have lived here not above seventeen months, and it hath 
cost me above three hundred pounds in that time merely in house 
keeping, and in all that time I have received but seven months 
pay as lieutenant of foot. Truly, Sir, 1 had not been able 
to subsist till now had not my Lady Penn helped me in 
housekeeping, and lent me money, and have lived with me 
in the fort ever since I came here. She desires her humble 
services may be presented to your sweet self and your virtuous 
lady. My Lady Penn bid me tell you that she sent to you 
by Captain Dorsey for this order, but she had never the 
happiness to hear from you since. I have nothing else to 
trouble you, but to beg your pardon for this boldness. It 
was your former favour to me when I was Major to Sir Wm. 
Vaughan, in the years '48 and '49, that embolds me now 
to be thus troublesome to you, and believe it. Sir, there is 
no man breathing on this earth shall be more readier and 
faithfuller to serve his Grace and yourself than, honoured 
Sir, your, etc. 

Postscript : — I was also informed that Captain Eobert 
Googin and Mr. John Stepney did sell the St, Lewis to one 
Mr. Anthony Stowell for one thousand and sixty pounds, but 
now they do all deny it. 



Egbert Googin and John Stepney to 
Major John Love. 

1662 [-3], January 5. — According to your desire, we have 
sent you this account of the Portugal ship, St. Lewis, that 
about the fifteenth of December, 1661, she was forced on 
shore, overset, and sunk, in the Harbour of Kinsale, and that 
Captain Jacob Eeynolls, who commanded her under the King 
of Portugal, attempted the raising of her about the 25th of the 
same month, but could not eiTect it ; and therefore did contract 
with us for her recovery and salvage by instruments under 
his hand and seal in the behalf of himself and the King of 
Portugal, as by the same may more at large appear, (which 
we the more readily embraced upon encouragement from the 
late Lords Justices' letter to the gentlemen of the county, 
and for the good of his Majesty's Harbour of Kinsale, and the 
King of Portugal's advantage), in which said instrument the 
said Captain Jacob Eeynolls hath and did mortgage the said 
ship and materials to her belongings, for the true payment 
of nine hundred pounds sterling for our charge and pains, 
within twelve hours after her salvage as aforesaid and floating 
or riding at anchor in the Harbour of Kinsale, thereby also 
agreeing that in case of non-payment of the said sum 
of nine hundred pounds, with what other necessary charge 



38 

we should be at in securing and preserving the said ship 
within three months next after her floating, it should then 
be lawful for us to make sale of the said ship and materials. 
But, notwithstanding we have performed our part in raising, 
salvage, and floating the said ship on the 27th of June last, 
1662, and have with much care, charge, and hazard, kept 
and preserved her ever since, neither the said Captain Jacob 
Eeynolls, nor any other from the King of Portugal, have 
appeared to make us due satisfaction and receive the said 
ship from our charge. The said ship is in good condition, 
riding afloat in this Harbour of Kinsale, with her masts, yards, 
tops, and standing riggings very good, with three anchors, 
three cables, a small boat, and thirty-four pieces of iron 
ordnance, which are the materials mortgaged to us as aforesaid. 
Copy. 



Sir Ralph Wilson to Earl op Orrery. 

1662 [-3], January 15. Limerick. — His Grace, my 
Lord Lieutenant, was pleased to send a book of Articles (for 
the better government of his Majesty's Army in this kingdom) 
to the several troops and companies quartered in this city, 
but no commission for keeping a court martial to put these 
articles in execution has been yet sent hither. In regard 
that there is a necessity of such a commission, or some orders 
from your Lordship in this case, I thought it my duty to 
signify the same to your Lordship, for where disorders happen 
among our soldiers, the officers here (for want of a commission) 
question whether or no they may keep a court martial, and 
are cautious in the case, and therefore his Grace's or your 
Lordship's further orders and directions in this case is the 
humble request of your Lordship's, etc. 

Addressed: — These to the right honourable my very good 
Lord Roger, Earl of Orrery, Lord President of Mounster, 
Dublin , humbly present. 



Robert Southwell to Ormond. 

1662 [-3], January 16. Cork. — In most humble obedience 
unto your Grace's commands these are to certify that 
this day being the 16th day of January, 1662, I have received 
your 'Grace's letter of the 12th January, with three printed 
copies of the late Act of Parliament, intituled an act for 
establishing an additional revenue upon his Majesty, his heirs, 
and successors, for the support of his and their crown and 
dignity, and the same day have delivered your Grace's said 
letter, and one of the said printed copies, unto his Majesty's 
Justices of the Peace then sitting upon the Bench at a 
general Quarter Sessions held at Cork, where the said letter 



39 

and printed copy was publicly read, and also shall deliver 
one other copy unto the Mayor of that city, to be by him 
published there, and shall also send other copies unto other 
parts of this County, to be published according to command. 

James Buck to Sm George Lane. 

1662 [-3], January 18 (Saturday). Stone. — As I remember 
you were so kind as to command me to give you an account 
of my landing, upon which score I shall do it, and to let 
you know how far I am in pursuit of those commands laid 
upon me, else it could not be worth your trouble. Upon 
Thursday night, about 10 o'clock, I landed at Holyhead, and 
that you may see duty has wings, I did immediately (without 
the fond assistance of a Cadle [? caudle] or buttered ale) 
take horse and make no stay till I came to Stone this day, 
being about two o'clock, so that I rode, the ways being 
very bad, a hundred miles in less than two days, and you 
may say 'twas well rode little gent, being now within twenty 
miles of the place whither I am commanded, but thought 
it unfit to go thither in an unseasonable hour of the night, 
to give them an alarm, but stay and fest myself till Monday 
to be there in a more fitting hour, and appear with all 
cheerful kindness from their friends, and then I shall give a 
just account to those that are most concerned. But give me 
leave to return a little to my journey. Yesterday, betwixt 
Denby [Denbigh] and Chester, I met a gentleman riding post 
in his shoes and stockings, a close coat, with a high-crowned 
hat, and a falling band, the post-boy blowing his horn very 
fiercely all the way before him, and being something curious 
to know w^hat knight errant this w^as, by enquiry at the next 
stage I came to I found him to be one indeed, for he told 
the people there that he came from the Countess of 
Chesterfield, daughter to the Duke of Ormond, and that he 
was going to the Duke in a great concernment, and was to 
stay but five hours in Ireland, all which in my opinion did look 
as madly in its kind as any thing that was done before. By 
this time I suppose you know more of him, but I supposed his 
business to be very good or very bad , but had the two knights 
errant known each other upon the rencontre, 'tis hoped the 
knight of the spurs might have had the better of it by way 
of discovery, and made some advantage of it, but I resolve 
to take no notice of any such person, who put me in mind 
of St. George that relieved the distressed damsel. 

And now, Sir, I hope you will desire me to write no more to 
you upon so slender an occasion as my particular safety, but if 
you please you may let her Grace know how far I am got, 
and how near I am to give her Grace an account of her 
commands. 

Postscript : — The last night here fell a great deal of snow, 
and now 'tis very cold and travelling will be very bad. 



40 

P. BoGBRS to Sir George Lane. 

1662 [-3], January 20th. Waterford.— I did make bold 
to present my service unto you in a letter not long after 
your departure from Waterford, but I could never as yet 
be honoured so much as to receive one line from you. If you 
did truly understand the faithfulness of my heart, and fervent 
desires that I have to serve you to the uttermost of my power 
(I believe) you would at some times be pleased to let me hear 
from you. Truly, Sir, I have been sometimes fearful that 
some malicious person or other did endeavour to take you off 
from those friendly civilities which you did intend towards 
me, but again taking into consideration your great wisdom, 
and imparalleled parts and endowments, I did presume your 
daily experience did direct you to be sensible that the malice 
of some persons is so implacable, that their whole studies 
are to do another displeasure, but I am confident that such 
sordid spirits can operate nothing upon so honourable and noble a 
person as yourself. I know I have many enemies in Waterford, 
but if I could be so happy as to obtain but the least favour 
from you, I should not much value their wicked practices. 
His Majesty, Charles the Second, was graciously pleased not 
long since to give me his letters patent under his great seal 
of England and Ireland, for the office of the Becordership 
of Waterford during my natural life, expressing therein my 
fidelity and great suffering in my estate for his royal father 
of blessed memory. His Majesty likewise, in the said letters 
patent, doth declare his royal will and pleasure is that I 
should be empowered to put his laws in execution in that city, 
and I should have all powers, privileges, and pre-eminences 
whatsoever, and in as ample manner as ever any Recorder 
had in that city; and, also, that I should have a competent 
salary for my livelihood, as by the said letters patent and several 
other orders, may more at large appear. Notwithstanding 
all this, I could never receive one penny salary, never since 
his Majesty's happy coming into England. And I, having 
formerly lost so many thousand pounds in England, and being 
so oppressed here also, your Honour may clearly perceive 
that I and my poor family must needs groan under such 
pressures. Wherefore my humble petition unto your Honour 
is that you w^ould be pleased to assist me to my Lord 
Lieutenant, that his Grace would be pleased to write unto 
the city of Waterford, that I might have some competent 
salary settled upon me according to his Majesty's royal will 
and pleasure, together with what is already due. There is 
very few Judges in Ireland of so ancient a standing in Inns 
of Court as myself, though for want of some powerful friends 
I am so slenderly provided for. Let me beg so much favour 
from your Honour, to write a line or two unto me to direct me 
what course to take herein. And I know also, if my Lord 
Chancellor did but know that your Honour had any kindness 
for me, I should be put into some commission or other, 



41 

answerable to my quality. Honoured Sir, I must commit 
myself and all my concerns to your tender consideration. 



Jambs Buck to Sir George Lanb. 

1662 [-3], January 20. Bretby. — Upon Saturday last, 
from Stone, I gave you the trouble of an impertinent account 
of my getting thither, and now I must put the like upon 
you from my Lord Chesterfield's, being got hither yesterday, 
being Monday, his Lordship being gone to London a week 
before, but her Ladyship, who enquired very kindly after 
you and your Lady, to w-hom I did discharge the true oflBce 
of a friend, is as well as *tis possible her condition can make 
her, and my coming has been of no little advantage to her 
satisfaction. When I get to London you shall receive more 
of these troubles, which I hope will be within this two days, 
but if I receive not yours and your Lady's commands in 
j)articular, as if I were your hired and domestic servant, I 
shall fear your kindness, which hitherto I have much reason 
to believe. Direct your commands to the Standinge Wardropp 
in Whitehall, and pardon this rude haste. 



Answer of Dudley Maynwaring to the Petition of 

Nicholas Buck. 

1662 [-3], January 23. Dublin Castle.— This defendant 
saith that it is true that there were articles perfected between 
this defendant and the petitioner, concerning the taking of 
the cellar, in the petition mentioned, a copy whereof is 
hereunto annexed, that by a particular clause in the said 
articles, the petitioner was to furnish the said cellar with 
good wholesome beer, and if the cellar were not furnished, that 
then the said agreement was to be void. This defendant saith 
that from the one and twentieth of March, one thousand six 
hundred sixty and one, until the thirteenth day of June following, 
the petitioner kept no beer in the said cellar, and thereupon 
this defendant, according to the clause in the said articles, 
entered upon the same, and furnished the same with beer, 
being thereunto necessitated for the accommodation of himself 
and such persons as he had in his custody ; and which he 
humbly conceives, and is so advised, it was lawful for him to 
do, and whereas the petitioner doth allege that he had a 
warder's place and gave money for the same, this defendant 
doth confess that he received some three or four pounds from 
the petitioner for the place, and was contented that he should 
have remained therein, but sayeth that the petitioner, without 
the consent or knowledge of this defendant, quitted the said 
employment in April or May last, and transported himself 
into England or some other place unknown to the defendant, 
and doth still absent himself, so as this defendant was 



42 

necessitated to supply his place by another, that so he might 
the better discharge the trust and duty of his place. And 
whereas it is also alleged that this defendant doth detain a 
half-year's pay from the petitioner, this defendant saith that 
he hath detained no pay from the petitioner, but hath faithfully 
from time to time paid unto him all such pay as he hath received 
for him, and if any arrears be due unto him, it hath not 
been out of any fault or neglect of this defendant, and if the 
complainant hath not the benefit of his covenant or agreement 
in writing, the law is open and will give everyone his right. 

Articles of Agreement referred to in the preceding 

*' Answer." 



1661, August 19. — It is agreed betwixt Dudley May n waring, 
Constable of his Majesty's castle of Dublin, on the one part, 
and Nicholas Buck of the other part, witness that the said 
Dudley Mayn waring, for divers good causes him thereunto 
moving, hath set unto the said Nicholas Buck the cellar 
belonging to the aforesaid constable, he paying me four shillings 
for every barrel of beer that the said Nicholas* Buck shall 
retail therein, as often as the said barrel shall be drawn or 
emptied, to have and to hold the said cellar with all and 
singular, the profits thereunto belonging, so long as I the 
said Dudley Maynwaring shall continue constable of the 
aforesaid castle; the said Nicholas Buck being to pay five 
pounds fine in hand upon the sealing hereof, and four shillings 
a barrel for each barrel of beer that he shall run or retail within 
the aforesaid cellar; the said Nicholas Buck being bound to 
furnish the aforesaid cellar with good wholesome, suflBcient 
and merchantable beer ; to the which agreement the aforesaid 
parties have hereunto put to their hands and seals, the day 
and year first above written, provided always that if the said 
cellar be not furnished with sufficient beer as aforesaid, that 
then this said agreement to be void, and of none effect, unless 
the said Nicholas Buck do take no other beer than the said 
constable shall choose the brewer thereof, and this to be 
drawn up in ample manner according to form in law, the 
said Dudley Maynwaring being hereby bound not to suffer 
any persons whatsoever to draw either beer or wine or other 
liquor within his jurisdiction, saving the said Nicholas Buck 
during the time aforesaid, to the which and subsequent 
agreement the aforesaid Dudley Maynwaring and Nicholas 
Buck do bind and oblige themselves each to the other, them 
their heirs, executors, administrators, and assigns for the true 
preformance of the same ; and further it is agreed upon between 
the said parties, that if the said Dudley Maynwaring shall 
happen to make ov^r or dispose of his said constableship during 
the aforesaid time, that then the said Nicholas Buck is to 
receive from the aforesaid Dudley Maynwaring what shall 
be awarded him by two indifferent men. 



43 

James Buck to Sib George Lane. 

1662 [-3], February 17.— Yours of the 4th instant I 
received three or four days after I received others of the same 
date from the Castle, and if you knew the value I put upon 
those lines that brings the least commands with it, or an 
account of your health, you might with much ease make me 
both rich and happy, but such blessings I am neither born to 
or can deserve, yet as soon as you order my return, I shall 
not fail to bring with me such a cook as Mr. Sawyers' will be as 
curious in the choice of [ ] as he intends to be of his mistress 
in all respects but that of getting children. I shall not fail 
to give you timely notice that you may acquit yourself of the 
other, by such an exchange that I hope my Lady Lane will 
be much satisfied wuth it, and to my own satisfaction I must 
tell you that, next to my Lady Duchess, I never heard any 
person better spoken of than your lady, and I think I am 
not the last that joins in so pleasing an opinion ; and though 
I have very good ground for it already, yet pray let her 
Ladyship know that her particular commands to me will as 
much heighten the prosecution of it, as your kindness and 
favour to Sir George Barker has transported him, who would 
willingly give a month's board wages. The letter of thanks 
was writ he intends you, which I think does now trouble 
him as much as the discredit or reproach, as he apprehended, 
by being left out of commission was to him before, but I find 
both he and Mr. Sawyers are glad of the advantage my stay 
here gives them , the better to consider the best way of serving 
you. The Serjeant of the Ewry's place, which I sold to an 
old man to give the under officers the fairer play, I prevailed 
with him upon a little distemper of his, to give Mr. Fox, for 
my Lord's use, 200/, to exchange his for another man's life 
as old as himself, and the ofiicers are well satisfied, but if 
I should, stay here and had commands for it, I could do my 
Lord very often such services, for I think none here more 
obliged to it than myself, and without a horrid ingratitude 
I should not slip any opportunity to perform it, which sin 
will not be so much upon any other, but my crime of keeping 
you thus long from your more serious affairs. 

James Buck to Sir George Lane. 

1662 [-3], March 3. — I should not so often trouble you 
with my unpertinent lines were I not covetous to reach at eveiy 
glimpse of your service, which I hope you will pardon, 
presenting you first with the enclosed from my namesake, for 
on Friday last, when I was to visit him and the Doctor, his 
Master, as being much concerned for him and you, amongst 
other good expressions of the Doctor's, he did protest he never 
saw more of a gentleman in so few years in his life. The next 
time (with your leave and my Lady's) that I wait upon my 
Lord Chancellor, I will take him along with me to pay his 
duty there, as by your directions. When T was coming 



44 

away he took this letter out of his pocket, and told me he 
had kept it there five or six days, and knew not how^ to 
send it. It has given me a sufficient admiration, but showing 
it to a Doctor that does use to examine him, he protested he 
writ the Greek character much better. The next letter you 
have shall be in that, and then I hope both you and the learned 
there will as much admire as we do here. He is my Lady 
Borman's valentine, who sent him a very handsome present 
of Court tarts and a Marchpaine all in a dish, of which he 
can yet show some of them. Mr. Sawyers has provided a 
handsome young fellow, and as he says a most incomparable 
cook, I have promised Mr. Sawyers that if he goes not with 
me, upon the return of this and some other letters I will 
put him in a way how he may be sent to you. This enclosed 
letter from Sir Hump. Hooke I thought fit to send you, that 
you might do in it what you should think fit. My Lord 
Duke's Serjeant Trumpeter has been several times with me 
to acquaint me that my Lord Chamberlain is now issuing 
out liveries for the King's Trumpeters, as says that his 
Lordship is willing my Lord Duke's should have the like, 
could his Lordship but receive a note from you to that purpose, 
and would have me speak, but I dare not for all the world 
without your directions ; but I promised him to write to you 
about it, and in it I think there may be a service to my Lord. 
I am a stranger to the fellow, but your commands I will observe. 
I have been with Mr. Lilly* about your pictures, who told me 
how many, and what they are that you bespoke, but I 
discovered by him that unless he knew who would call for 
them and pay him his demands, he would not trouble himself 
about them, and in this I shall do likewise what you shall think 
fit, and after that I have given you an account that I received 
the honour of your letter of the thirteenth February, pray 
condemn this to the fire for offending you so much, nor can my 
most faithful service to your Lady redeem the crime of keeping 
you thus long. 

Postscript : — My letters to my Lady I always send to 
Mr. Smith. 

Eliza, Lady Thurles to Ormond. 

1662 [-3], March 9. Thurles. — Son, this bearer, James 
Butler's son, is sent to wait upon you w'ith his father's writings 
of Templemore, which he had done at the time you commanded 
him to follow you with them to Dublin, when you were at 
Kilkenny, but was hindered by sickness. I am certain if 
he were able to wait upon you himself, he would make appear 
to you that he has always been ready to serve you, not only 
with his own substance, but made use of all his credit to 
borrow money to supply that exigent Sir George Hamilton 

* Sir Peter Lely. The painter's name is commonly written Lilly by Pepys 
and otlier contemporaries. 



45 

urged to him. I desire your favourable consideration of his 
business. God Almighty bless you and all yours. Your ever 
loving mother, Eliza Thurles. 

Commissioners at Loughrba to the Lord Lieutenant 

AND Council. 

1662 [-3], March 16. Loughreagh. — We have received a 
letter of the 23rd of February last, wherein your Grace and 
the Council are pleased to take notice of some neglect in us 
in not causing the indented writing, mentioned in the Act for 
the Subsidies, and the money due from this county for the first 
four subsidies to be returned and paid into the receipt of his 
Majesty's Exchequer by the said sixteenth of February last 
past. We humbly give this account unto your Grace and 
the Council that when first the Act for the Subsidies, with the 
commission and instructions, came down to this county, the 
commissioners therein mentioned were for the most part absent, 
many of them being Parliament men, and at last when those 
few that were in the county did meet, some differences did 
arise betwixt some baronies concerning the sums to be charged 
and the manner of charging, which controversy hath continued 
somew^hat too long by reason of the obstinacy of some persons 
and the pretended poverty of others, which hath been the cause 
of the delay, but we are still upon the work, and do hope in 
a short time to give your Grace and the council such an account 
of our proceedings, as that we shall make it evident that there 
is no wilful neglect in us, whereby we should incur your 
Grace's displeasure ; the estreats are now ingressing ; the 
county being large, and the work somewhat difficult, it will 
take up more time than we expect or desire, but we shall use 
our utmost endeavours to expedite, as well the returns of the 
estreats as also the collecting of the money, and the returning 
and paying of the same with all possible speed. 

Will. Spenser. 

Hen. Greneway. 

J. C. Hamilton. 

Eich. Nangell. 

Henry Dawes. 

Endorsed : — Commissioners at Loghreagh for collecting the 
subsidies. 

Petition op Jane Cary [undated] and order thereon. 

1662 [-3], March 20. — The humble petition of Jane Cary, 
widow, on the behalf of herself and two children. Sheweth : 
That the King's most excellent Majesty by his gracious letters 
dated the 19th of March, 1660 [-1], for the reasons therein 
expressed, signified his royal will and pleasure that your 
petitioner should be inserted in the Establishment upon His 
Majesty's Civil List of this Kingdom, for a pension of fifty 
pounds yearly for the term of her life, to be paid by quarterly 
portions. 



46 

That the late Lords Justices, by their order of the 6th of 
September, 1661, made pursuant to His Majesty's said letters, 
required the Auditor-General to do the same accordingly, and 
to make forth debentures quarterly for the payment oif the 
said pension, who accordingly hath made forth debentures, 
but your petitioner cannot get her money from the Deputy 
Treasurer, who daily put your petitioner off, to your petitioner's 
great grief of heart and utter ruin , by being forced to run on 
the score for necessaries at extraordinary rates. 

Now forasmuch as your petitioner's deplorable case, by the 
loss of her late husband, Captain David Cary, and her other 
considerable relations in His Majesty's service, is not unknown 
to your Grace, who is the only person that obtained the said 
pension for your petitioner, and for that the non-payment of 
the said debentures will put your petitioner in a worse condition 
than ever by being run into debt by the credit thereof. 

Your petitioner humbly prays your Grace to continue the 
favours already shewn by taking some effectual course for 
the due payment of the said debentures from time to time 
as they shall be made forth for the same, that so your 
petitioner may not be hindered of partaking of his Majesty's 
said royal intentions, so signified for the release and support 
of your petitioner and her said children. And your petitioner 
shall pray, &c. 

Endorsed at foot : — 

Dublin Castle, 20 March, 1662. 
The petitioner being inserted in the Establishment 
for the pension above mentioned, she is to be paid 
with others who are in the like rank and quality 
for payment ; whereof His Majesty's Vice-Treasurer and 
Treasurer and Treasurer at Wars is to take notice and pay 
her accordingly. ' Ormond. 

Henry Coventry to Ormond. 

1662 [-3] , March 20. London. — The honour of your Grace's 
letters of the 4th of March I have received, and am glad for the 
prevention of so much of the evil design, but I am confident 
it consisted of more parts than Dublin Castle. Sir Audley's 
eloquence hath had more influence than it was like to have 
had at the first coming out, and yet I thank God not very 
considerable, but the very many letters that are writ every 
week, and dispersed here in the House of Commons (and 
principally while the point of toleration was in question) it 
maketh me believe the design reacheth hither. There have 
been several letters sent to members of the House of 
Commons that the commissioners had made it impossible for 
any Englishman to carry his cause, because they had disallowed 
all Englishmen from being witnesses, and all poor Irish, and 
the Pope had power enough over the rich , so that in conclusion 
an Englishman could not have a witness. T am glad your 
Grace hath had so good an influence upon the House of 



47 

Commons there as to allay their heat; I hope it will be so 
successful to extinguish it. We have not, I am afraid, 
hitherto used the arts necessary to the keeping our house 
here in temper. We are upon the necessary points of 
revenue and the militia, but proceed in neither with that 
vigour and zeal as the last sessions, and yet I believe with 
very little considering and less pains we may be brought to 
our old cheerfulness, at least to a good part of it, and I have 
some reason within these two days (more than I had) to believe 
that it will shortly be endeavoured.. The declaration hath 
hitherto had a very bad effect in both Houses. The King 
assured me but yesterday that you should have money with 
the first, but I would he would have said what day of the month 
he himself thinketh that men and money are best to come 
together. I would your Grace had them both. I do not 
doubt but that if it were fitting to move the Parliament, and 
we had leave to give them an account of affairs there, they 
would contribute, but I think the making your condition and 
resolutions so public would be very prejudicial to the business. 
For it would alarm them so long before money (according 
to our dilatory ways) could be obtained, that they might 
accelerate their designs to the King's prejudice ; my Lord 
Chancellor seemeth to believe that you will quickly be furnished 
with money, and as for men, they are easily had, whensoever 
you shall think them useful. 

The King hath this night given Secretary Bennett order to 
let your Grace know that he intendeth not the prohibition he 
sent against passing the Great Seal, upon any former grants, 
shall extend to those pactions he formerly granted to Colonel 
Legg and myself, so that if your Grace please to oblige your 
humble servants so far, you may permit my Lord Chancellor 
to pass the Seal. 

I am promised by Secretary Bennett that he will give your 
Grace notice of it by this post. 

The best news I can write your Grace from hence is that 
my Lord Chancellor was locked up with the King and the 
Duke of York only dbove an hour yesterday, at Whitehall, 
without any other of the council admitted, and it is hoped the 
river will take its old channel. Sir John Ogle is lately dead. 

Ormond to Stephen Fox. 

1662 [-3], March 21. Dublin Castle.— Being infornaed 
from Frank Yonge that the King's servants do call upon him, 
notwithstanding my absence from Court, for their New Year's 
gifts of the last Christmas, I have thought fit to desire you to 
take care to see them satisfied out of the profits of my office of 
Lord Steward, which I shall allow unto you upon the account 
between us. I have also had advertisement from Sir Thomas 
Clarges, that his Grace the Duke of Albemarle, in answer 
to a letter he received from the Earl of Dorset and others, 
concerning the value of his office sent unto the Lord Berkeley, of 



48 

Berkeley Castle, who is Treasurer to the Lords Commissioners, 
a hundred pounds wherewith they were well satisfied, I shall 
therefore desire you to send unto his Lordship, as from me, 
the like sum, which I shall not only allow upon the account, but 
acknowledge as a civility unto. Sir, your very affectionate 
friend, 

Addressed : — For Stephen Fox, Esq. , Clerk of the Greencloth 
to His Majesty, these, at Whitehall. 

9 

James Buck to Sir George Lane. 

^1662 [-3], March 24. — I dare not say you are three letters 
in* my debt, but T am sure this is the fourth trouble I have 
given you since T had the honour to receive any of your 
commands, and I am sure none of mine was worth the 
intercepting, but my namesake's, which I sent you, and was 
worth the keeping as a copy to learn by. Your friends here 
rejoice at the great danger* that you and all our worthy 
friends there did lately escape. I hope you have by this time 
found out the bottom of it, though some here of our acquaintance 
would put it only upon some idle footman, but I take them not 
to be our real friends. The cook which Mr. Sawyers has 
provided for you goes this day towards Ireland, in company of 
two cooks that is sent to my Lady Duchess. He tells me you do 
already in part know him ; he is very young, but has been in very 
great services, and the master cook has a very good opinion 
of him; for his wages. T told him you went upon this just 
and general rule as to reward according to merit, but in regard 
he understood that Mr. Younge did promise my Lady's cooks 
that her Grace should bear their charges, he expects the same, 
and desired me to take notice of it to you. I suppose he 
may be with you in this fortnight, and that he may be very 
useful to my Lady and you, is my hearty desire, it being 
out of my element, it is all T can do. 

Robert Caddell to Ormond. 

1662 [-3] , March 24. — I do hereby humbly certify that on 
Shrove Monday, being the second day of this instant, I came 
from my own house in the country to this city, and that night 
I happened in the company of Colonel Thomas Coote and one 
Sir John Eoly, and having had several discourses with them 
concerning the Tories that were risen, and concerning the 
proceedings in the Court of Claims, as touching the former, 
Colonel Coote demanded of me whether I met with any of the 
Tories in my way coming to the city. And I replied ** I did not,'* 
and withal I said that they were but three or four inconsiderable 
rogues ; the said Colonel replied unto me and said * * you are 
deceived, for they are more in number than you speak of," and 
besides, he said, that of small risings come greater parties, 
and that ere long he beseemed they would be so considerable 

* Colonel Blood's plot to seize Dublin Castle had just been detected. 



49 

that they would give all Ireland work enough before they 
should shipwreck them. And as touching Sir John, the 
discourse with him was touching the Commissioners of the Court 
of Claims and the justness of their proceedings, who answered 
in the said words, ** Gentlemen, do you well to applaud your 
Irish Corbett. ' ' And I made answer to him and said, * ' I hope. 
Sir, you do not balance him with your English Corbett," who 
replied, **I do. Sir, for I know not any difference betwixt 
them both." And I replied, ** Sir, I know there is a great 
difference betwixt them, for the one was a regicide and a 
traitor, and the other a loyal and dutiful subject, and had not 
His Majesty known him to be so, he would not employ him in 
so honourable an employment," all which I humbly certify. 

Sir William Flowe» and others to the Duchess of Ormond. 

1663, March 28. Kilkenny Castle. — May it please your 
Grace : We were hopeful by this time to have been able to have- 
sent your Grace a perfect state of the account both of his 
Grace's revenue for the three last half-years ended at Michaelmas 
last, as also of the disposal of it according to your Grace's commands 
to us in that behalf, but we cannot without much trouble 
acquaint you that, notwithstanding our daily pains and industry 
since your departure, we cannot struggle through it more than 
for about fourteen thousand pounds, the same both by reason 
of the many collectors (being about fourteen or fifteen in 
number, and of them three employed in one barony only), 
and also because many of their accounts are so perplexed with 
such irregularity and confusion as never was anjrthing of like 
nature. 

So as rather than to stay longer here (where few of the 
accountants are, and the season of the year being far spent), 
we judge it better to go to Carrick upon your Grace's other 
concerns, taking these disordered accounts with us, to the end 
the several collectors may be ordered to mend their accounts 
and consequently enable us to put an end to the tediousness 
of that business we have so long fruitlessly dwelt upon. But we 
beseech your Grace to believe that (though it may be imputed 
either to our weakness or want of industry to such as have 
not been eye witnesses thereunto) we have not been wanting 
in the least to acquit ourselves therein as became us, as when 
any of us shall have the honour of waiting upon your Grace 
we doubt not to make appear. There are some twelve acres 
of land lying twixt Ormond' s Leix and the road leading up to 
the marble quarry, anciently belonging to several burgesses, 
whereout his Grace hath a chief ry, which is very convenient 
for his Grace's use ; we humbly desire to know whether we 
may take a lease of it or leave it to be determined as other 
chiefries will be belonging to this city ; one Tarr is present 
tenant under Captain Burrell. 

We now received his Grace's letter commanding us to receive 
the proposals of Colonel Abbot for Ballinecloghy, and requiring 
•a return to be made thereof before agreement. We are offered 

Wt. 8878. D 



60 

a rent of 4s. the acre for it, that which we imagine he will 
never give, which we conceive to be a considerable rent, if 
the offer falls not off, but by this our hands are tied up until 
his Grace's pleasure be known, though that offer should be made 
good. All which is humbly submitted by, your Grace's most 
faithful' and most humble servants, 

Wm. Flower. 

Math. Harrison. 

Edm. Butler. 

Jo. Bourden. 

Propositions op John Middlbton for establishing a 

Gunpowder Factory in Dublin. 

1668, April 6 and 13. — ^The humble propositions of John 
Middleton, gentleman, for the making of powder in this 
Kingdom of Ireland. 

Imprimis. If it shall please your Grace to order a powder- 
mill to be made within a mile or two of the city of Dublin, 
and to be furnished with a magazine of petre, which petre I 
am sure your Grace may have delivered in Dublin upon the 
merchant's hazard as cheap as it is delivered at London by 
the India and Barbary merchants, and the said petre being 
well resined and fit for the mill, I will engage by able security 
for every ton of petre resined as aforesaid, to deliver twenty 
barrels of good and sufficient powder, tower-proof, into the 
Castle of Dublin, proportionable to the weight, that is, 
delivered into the Tower of London, and your Grace to be at 
no other charge than the buying of the said petre and the 
erecting of the said mill, and finding all materials that is for 
the resining of the said powder, which charge will not amount 
to above five hundred pounds as appears by the particulars. 

And if there be any powder now in the store which is not 
fit for service, if the said mill be set up I will engage to recover 
it and to make it as good and as cheap as any man in England 
can do it. 

And if your Grace shall please to allow me the freedom to 
search and try the ground about the city of Dublin, I will, 
if God lends me life, in five days give your Grace a full and 
perfect account what quantity of petre may be made here in 
Dublin, and what the making of it will stand your Grace in 
for each ton or hundred. 

If these proposals may receive any approbation or encourage- 
ment from your Grace, I shall humbly desire before I begin, 
an assurance of seven years for the said employment, giving 
good security to discharge my trust faithfully, and to perform 
any agreement that can be made in that case. And further, 
if it shall please your Grace to pass me a patent for fourteen 
years, that I may furnish all His Majesty's Kingdom of Ireland 
with powder during the said term, I will engage by security 
as aforesaid to erect the said mill and to find all things requisite 



61 

for the said work by Midsummer next upon my own charges, 
provided that I may have two shillings for every barrel of 
powder which shall be made as aforesaid', over and above 
what is mentioned in the aforesaid propositions. 

If any of these proposals may appear feasible to your Grace, 
I am sure it will save His Majesty three thousand pounds per 
annum. 

If there be any use for a match maker, I can furnish your 
Grace with as good a one as any in Europe, who was his late 
Majesty's chief workman at Oxford. 

The security which I humbly desire may be taken to free me 
out of the Marshalsea, are William Potter and William 
Mervine, both of Dublin. 

John Middleton. 

DUKB OF OrMOND'S OBDBR TO PROROGUE PARLIAMENT. 

1663, April 14. — James, Duke, Marquis and Earl of Ormond, 
Earl of Ossory and Brecknock, Viscount Thurles, Lord Baron 
of Arklow and Llanthony , Lord of the Begalities and Liberties 
of the County of Tipperary, Chancellor of the University of 
Dublin, Lord Lieutenant General and General Governor of 
His Majesty's Kingdom of Ireland, one of the Lords of His 
Majesty's most honourable Privy Council of His Majesty's 
Kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland, Lord Steward 
of His Majesty's Household, Gentleman of His Majesty's 
Bedchamber, Knight of the Most Noble Order of the Garter, 
and Lord Lieutenant of the County of Somerset, the City and 
County of Bristol, and the Cities of Bath and Wells. To 
the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and to the Commons in 
this present Parliament assembled. Greetings. For certain 
reasons us moving, as well for His Majesty's service as for 
the good of the subjects of this Kingdom in general , We have 
thought it convenient to prorogue this Parliament, and We 
do by these presents prorogue the same until the five and 
twentieth day of May next. On which day our purpose is to hold 
the same here at Chichester House near Dublin. Given under 
our Seal at Arms at His Majesty's Castle of Dublin, the 
fourteenth day of April, in the fifteenth year of the reign of 
our Sovereign Lord, King Charles the Second of England, 
Scotland, France, and Ireland. Defender of the faith, &c.. 
And in the year of our Lord one thousand six hundred and 
sixty three. 

PBTrrioN OP Free Masons and order thereon. 

1663, May 5. — Sheweth, having contracted with the Eight 
Honourable Arthur Earl of Anglesey and John Lord Viscount 
Massereene for the building of walls to recover divers waste 
places about Dublin from the overflowings of the sea, to become 
dry ground for improvements, whereby this river will be made 
more navigable, and the strength and beauty of Dublin much 



52 

increased, yet so it is that divers quarries of stone, where your 
petitioners should have been supplied with materials, are 
seized for your Grace's service, whereby they are disabled to 
proceed in the said work. 

They humbly pray that since the adjacent quarries are taken 
up for your Grace's service, that they may have your Grace's 
permission and warrant not to be interrupted in any new 
quarry they shall discover, and they hope within few days to 
open a quarry that will not only supply their own necessities 
but your Grace's also if need require, which they dare not 
attempt without your Grace's leave, because it requireth much 
labour and cost, yet without any private or public damage, 
being upon a common waste. And they shall ever pray. 

Endorsed at foot : — ^If the petitioners can find any quarry 
on the lands of the Phoenix or Chappell Isold, belonging 
to His Majesty, they are at liberty to open the same, and 
to raise stones thereout for the use above-mentioned. 

Ormond. 

Henby Coventry to Ormond. 

1663, May 12 London — I am much ashamed not to have 
presented my thanks to your Grace for the honour of one of 
25th April from you till now, but it hath been my waiting week, 
and sleep so parlious, and what I could write so inconsiderable 
that I could not but for your Grace's sake as well as my own, 
give my few spare hours to the former. 

Truly my Lord, whether everything be yellow or I have the 
jaundice I know not, but certainly either all things are in the 
dark or better eyes than mine have lost their sight. I am 
for my own part as assiduous both at Court and in the House 
as I can be, and as inquisitive as my temper will give me leave, 
and yet I can neither tell you what the House intends nor what 
we at Whitehall wish they should. We are this day alarmed 
with some insolences offered the Bishop of Galloway in 
Scotland by the i*abble, so far as that the forces thereabouts 
are drawn out to suppress them. The news came on Sunday, 
but it was then represented as a politic fiction, and now, being 
confirmed, it is adjudged inconsiderable, but it is by the least 
partial believed more than a spark, and amongst matter very 
combustible. The dispute betwixt the Earls Middleton and 
Lauderdale is not yet determined, but it is generally believed 
(I do not say wished) the latter will have the advantage, and 
the Lord Rothes be sent down Commissioner. These reports 
are very dissatisfactory to most of the House of Commons, 
who not without some passion extol all the late good services 
of Middleton, and with the same warmth exaggerate the past 
disservices of the other, who nevertheless loseth no ground 
in our Master's good opinion, though for all I see he stands 
single in our English Court, whatsoever party he hath amongst 
his own countrymen. We are daily upon the King's revenue, 



68 

and pr€(tend to great vigour in inspecting the misdemeanours 
in the management. A vote this day passed to pray the King 
not to grant a patent of the Post Office till he had received 
an address from the House of Commons in the behalf of some 
that offer a greater rent. There is a bill coming in against 
the sale of Offices, and another to incapacitate such as have 
borne arms against the King, some few excepted. This day 
a bill was brought in against the importation of any fat cattle 
from Ireland, and it is after a long debate committed. What 
fate it will have I know not. Bills against Popery, Quakers, 
Presbyters, Conventicles, and what not; and yet the Kevenue 
and Militia where they were; only this much, there is a vote 
past, in order to the method of the management, that the 
Committee shall bring in a bill to appropriate each considerable 
expense to a particular branch of the Bevenue, as the Customs, 
the Navy and Garrisons, and so to others in such manner that 
those branches shall not be chargeable with any other expenses 
till such debts as have been contracted for the respectively 
appointed issuings out be first satisfied. My Lord, I have 
now troubled you with that which constantly troubleth me. 
I hope all will end well, but that proceedeth more from 
my desires than my understandings. With this packet your 
Grace will receive a letter signed for Sir Alan Brodrick. 
I am very glad I shall be so well succeeded, and I doubt not 
but your Grace will find him very ready and serviceable in 
your employment. I had this morning some occasion to 
speak to the King that he would remember his own resolution 
of not transmitting his resolutions to your Grace concerning 
Ireland, otherwise than by one Secretary. He told me he did 
and had constantly observed it. I minded him of my Lord 
of Anglesey his leave to come over sent by Secretary Morice. 
He said it was never intended otherwise than a signification 
of his willingness to consent whensoever you should judge it 
fitting, but no way either to incline or control your Grace's 
opinion. Sir George Lawson is gone for Portugal with a 
fleet. The Queen intendeth next month for Tunbridge. My 
Lords of Carlisle and Holtis despatching for their several 
embassies, Muscovia and France. The Queen mother is 
perfectly recovered. 

Jambs Buck to Sib Gbobqb Lanb. 

1663, May 12. — ^I was so far from expecting an apology for 
your silence that the honour you did me of the 25th of the last 
month, that you were not angry for the frequent troubles I 
had put upon you, was the highest satisfaction I expected or 
could desire, and had by the last post answered your commands, 
had not your letter of the same date of my Lady Duchess and 
Mr. Smith come three days after theirs unto my hands, with 
an unusual way of postage upon them, but did then give Her 
Grace an account, which I hope you have seen, of the same 
concerns which yours does mention, so that as to that I shall 



54 

be the shorter in this. The letter you sent me of Mr. Vyner's, 
with a draft of indemnity from Bonfoye and others, I showed to 
Mr. PhiUips, my lord's counsel, for the better understanding 
what Mr. Vyner and they had done. Mr. Vyner, Mr. Phillips 
and another counsel with myself met, and in the debate, had not 
I often put in how friendly and civil Mr. Vyner had been upon 
all occasions to my Lord and Lady, the counsel had fallen 
too rudely upon him, first for making a discovery of my Lord 
Bute's money in his hands, a breach of trust, and to give way 
to so unjust an attack without giving me notice, being every 
day with him, a breach of friendship, and a high contempt of 
privilege against those secret employments and dignities his 
Grace does now and I hope for ever will enjoy ; yet notwith- 
standing, which I hope his Grace will forgive, I did declare 
'twas his Grace^s intent to pay the money where in right it 
ought to be, and in their cases make no use of these privileges, 
and by consent referred it to the Attorney General and Sir Ed. 
Turner, the Speaker, the case betwixt Bonfoye and Bea, and 
then we know where to pay the money with most safety ; I 
only put this to them that whether they had rather be put to 
the necessity, and their children after them, against all 
accidents to preserve a paper of indemnity or to have a bond 
remain against them and their heirs, which is the case of those 
gentlemen that were bound for my Lady, but by the next I hope 
you will hear this is cleared. Mr. Vyner has now the disposing 
of the greatest part of Audesly's estate, and by him believed 
'twas all one to my Lord to whom the money was paid, and 
had not Bea demanded the money when he did, Bonfoye had 
received it, and the bond still lying against us; this I only 
whisper in your ear, pray take no notice of it, but the executors 
does confess 'twas Mr. Vyner put them upon it, and now they 
will try what will come of it. I acquainted Mr. Sawyers 
with your satisfaction and thanks to him for the cook he sent 
you, he intends to present his service himself to you. Your 
son was very well on Thursday last, he tells me you are 
in his debt for English, Latin, and Greek, and pray have a 
care you come out of it, lest he write no more languages to 
you, or trust his mother, my Lady Lane, to whom my most 
humble service, for his better payment hereafter. I shall put 
Mr. Lilly in the way you directed me in order to your service. 
I wonder Mr. Holmes has got but fifteen pounds for me since 
December last, that with ten pounds before, which makes but 
five and twenty pounds, is all I received out of it since his 
Grace went over ; I was in hopes upon settlement of estates 
many patents would be passed; pray. Sir, look into it, for I 
must give you thanks for all that ever I shall get by it ; for 
the Clerk of the Market's employment I never get 6d., nor 
I think never shall. 

Postscript : — I am like to suffer for engaging for Sir John 
and Sir Maurice Eustace ; when I did it I had in my thoughts 
the kindness you had for them, and my Lord Chancellor. 



56 

Jambs Buck to Sm George Lake. 

1668, May 22. — ^Before I received the honour of your letter 
of the last of April, I attended Mr. Phillips with Mr. Vyner's 
letter, and the paper you sent me, but that dispute is not yet 
ended by reason Mr. Bonfoye will not meet us, or bring his 
counsel to any meeting, but the attachment of course will fall 
within this very few days; those gentlemen that are bound 
will be satisfied with no indemnity but the bond taken up and 
cancelled, and indeed there is much to be said for it. 

I have spoken to my Lord Cornbury who has promised to 
get a very good picture of his father's for you, Mr. Cheffins has 
made the same promise for the King's, the latter end of this 
month I shall send from hence a most excellent picture of my 
Lord Duke's, I think you saw the face done before you went ; 
by that time I am promised the Queen's for my Lady Duchess 
to send along with it ; Mr. Lilly [Lely] tells me there is one very 
good at Cappeinge [?] in Dublin, if not pray let me receive your 
farther commands; Mr. Lilly will presently part with the 
Duchess' pictures for you, if you can procure any to bring 
directions from Her Highness to him for it. Mr. Slingsby 
presents his most humble service to you, and though he is sworn 
of the Queen's Council and her Surveyor General, yet I know 
that he is in such want that if you could find out a way to 
advance a hundred pounds for him out of what he is to receive 
by the papers which I brought over of his, 'twould be a great 
deed of friendship and charity, whose worth I so well know that 
I would willingly become bound for it ; pray Sir, let me know 
your opinion of this, and pardon the rudeness of your most 
obedient servant. 

Postscript: — My most humble service to your Lady, and 
thanks for Mr. Holmes' letter though a lame account of 
fifteen pounds received. 

Eabl of Kildarb to Ormond. 

1668, May 24. Carlow. — Sunday morning. — In obedience 
to your command I repaired to my troop, which I find in a 
posture fit to oppose any discontented spirit whatsoever ; this is 
all the account I can at present give your Grace, only I hear no 
ill news of the Castle of Kilkenny. I intend to stay two or three 
days here to receive your Grace's commands, which if I do 
not, I intend to march to Athy according to my former order ; 
all here is peaceable; this is all at present, and if anything 
worth your notice shall come to me, your Grace shall quickly 
know. 

Kino's Lbttbb, giving Authority for Purchase of Lands 

FOR THE Phoenix Park. 
Charles B. 

1663, May 26. Whitehall.— Eight trusty and right entirely 
beloved Cousin and Counsellor, We greet you well ; whereas 
by our letters under our privy signet and sign manual, bearing 



66 

date the first day of December last, We did authorise you to 
satisfy unto Sir Maurice Eustace, knight, our Chancellor of 
Ireland, for the purchase of four hundred forty- one acres of 
the land of Chappell Izard, to be laid unto our manor house 
of the Phenix, as by the said letter doth appear, and whereas 
the quantity of lands designed to make a park for our use near 
the Phenix do amount to a larger quantity, and will cost more 
money than we were informed of at the passing our said letter, 
and that we are now resolved to buy the whole manor and 
house of Chappell Izard, with the town and lands thereunto 
belonging, and several other lands which be most convenient 
to enclose for a park. We do therefore very well approve 
of your proceedings herein already made, and do by these our 
letters authorise you to purchase from our said Chancellor, 
and any other persons having title thereunto, such lands, 
tenements, and hereditaments for our use as you shall think 
fit, and to give order to our right trusty and right well-beloved 
Cousin and Counsellor, Arthur, Earl of Anglesey, or any other 
Vice-Treasurer for the time being, for satisfaction of the 
purchase money that shall be agreed to be paid, so as the same 
amount not in the whole to above the sum of ten thousand 
pounds, and also to enclose or impark with a stone wall, in 
such manner as you have already begun, such lands of our 
ancient inheritance, or new purchase, as you shall judge fit for 
that use, and to store the same with deer, giving order to our said 
Vice-Treasurer or any other Vice-Treasurer for the time being, 
to make payment of such sums of money from time to time 
as shall be requisite for doing the said work, and for so doing 
this shall be a sufiicient warrant to you and to our said Vice- 
Treasurer and to all whom it may concern ; Given at our Court 
at Whitehall, the xxvith day of May, 1663, in the fifteenth 
year of our reign. By His Majesty's commands. Henry 
Bennett. 

Addressed : — ^To our right trust and right entirely beloved 
Cousin and Counsellor, James Duke of Ormond, our Lieutenant 
General and General Governor of our Kingdom of Ireland. 

Entered at the Signet Office the 27th of May, 1663.— Sydney 
Bere. 

Endorsed : — Concordatum cum originali. — G. Lane. 

Obmond to Earl op Anglesey. 

1663, June 6. Dublin Castle. — ^His Majesty having been 
graciously pleased of his bounty to give unto Mr. Francis 
Slingsby, a thousand pounds out of the moneys payable by 
adventurers and soldiers, for the repairing the losses of such 
who have eminently acted for and suffered with his Majesty, 
These are to pray and require your Lordship's out of such 
moneys as now are or next shall come unto your hands upon 
that account to cause payment to be made of two hundred 



57 

And fifty pounds, part of the said lOOOli, unto the said Francis 
Slingsby or his assigns. And this together with his acquittance 
acknowledging the receipt thereof, shall be as well to your 
Lordship as to the Commissioners of your Accounts, a sufficient 
warrant. 

Copy, 

Jambs Buck to Sir George Lane. 

1663, June 13. — I have a gTeat deal of reason to congratulate 
your safety, and the King's interest under that happy and 
prudent Government of his Grace my Lord Duke, but hereafter 
you and I must not part without a cypher betwixt us, for as 
the affairs goes now, and like to be, such a thing had been 
very useful, being very confident that our business in this world 
aims at one and the self same preservation. I hear the 
Bonfoyes* has writ to my Lord again, a mere delay, and be 
sure my Lord does engage them to attend his counsel with 
theirs, which I nor Mr. Phillips could never bring them 
to it yet, but if the money be theirs, the law will give them 
leave better to recover it of Sir John Eea than of my Lord 
Duke, but the management of it is wholly left to Mr. Phillips, 
who I find a very able and just person to my Lord. I hear 
one Mr. Deavon, an Irish gentleman, has got a good share 
of that employment which Sir James Shaen had unjustly got 
from me, and what by law and great expense I have almost 
recovered again, having the broad seal of that kingdom and 
the King's peremptory letter to renew the patent in mine and 
my son's name, and. Dear Sir, I must tell you, though my 
duty and affection does from my very heart submit, yet I cannot 
so much command nature but to have some thoughts of it, and 
must say 'twas my absence drew it upon me, and though I 
am not so happy as to serve myself, let me endeavour to be 
useful to others, and to put you in mind of Mr. Slingsby's 
business, which I desire you to write a line or two to me of, 
and what service and commands you may think one fit for. 

Obdeb of Lobd Lieutenant and Council belativb to a 

CONSPIBACY TO SURPRISE DUBLIN CaSTLB. 

1663, June 16. — Upon consideration had at this board of 
the late honid conspiracy for surprising and taking his 
Majesty's Castle of Dublin, and of the consequences thereof 
if it had taken effect, whereby this kingdom might have been 
again cast into those confusions and calamities out of which 
we have been so lately delivered by the blessing of God in 
His Majesty's happy restoration, and considering also the 
intelligences we have lately received, and finding it at this 
time necessary (in prevention of the like traitorous attempts 
hereafter) to take all just and honourable ways to preserve 
the public peace and tranquillity of the kingdom , We therefore 
in order thereunto have thought fit hereby to pray and require 



58 

your Lordships with all conyenient speed to cause all 
such ministers or pretended ministers that you shall find cause 
to suspect (either to have had any hand in the said late 
conspiracy or to be likely by their preaching or otherwise, 
to seduce the people from their due obedience and subjection 
to His Majesty's* authority, ecclesiastical or civil, within 
this realm) to be apprehended and committed to safe custody 
until further directions from us, and that notwithstanding 
any bonds formerly given by any of them for their appearance. 
Yet so as their wives, children, and necessary servants 
and no others be admitted to them, and to send to us, the 
Lord Lieutenant, the names and qualities of all such persons 
as you shall commit upon this occasion, that we may 
thereupon give such further directions herein as for His 
Majesty's service and the peace of the kingdom we shall 
judge fit, and so recommending this service to your special 
and extraordinary care, we bid your Lordships very 
heartily farewell. From our Council Chamber in Dublin, the 
16th day of June, 1663. Signed, 

Ormond. 

Ossory. 

Anglesey. 

Mount Alexander. 

Dungannon. 

Paul Davys. 

Endorsed : — Order of Lord Lieutenant and Council. 
Blood's Conspiracy. Copy. 

Hbnbt Coventry to Ormond. 

1663, June 20. — I am ashamed to be so late in my 
congratulations with your Grace for the happy discovery of 
those bad designs in Ireland. As you can meet with none more 
wicked, so I hope you will with none more fortunate. We are 
here very busy in Parliament about finding supplies for the 
King. The way is voted, by subsidy, but the quantity is not 
yet determined. When it is, I doubt not but the pressing 
necessities of Ireland will be considered by His Majesty. 
I believe the vote concerning Irish cattle hath not come to 
you with any great applause. It was not to be avoided. 
The* complaint of the fall of rents from all gentlemen whose 
estates lie in pastures was so great, and so many even in the 
House concerned, that there was no opposing it. 

I believe a few weeks more will give us leave to see the 
country, but whether by adjournment or prorogation I cannot 
yet tell your Grace. Your Grace will by other hands, I doubt 
not, hear of a message sent by the King concerning Sir Richard 
Temple to the House of Commons, who have this day sent an 
address to His Majesty to desire him to name the person who 
had brought a message from Sir Bichard to his Majesty ; upon 
the compliance of His Majesty with his House in this, very 



59 

much is like to depend. The Qneen at the present taketh 
physic only preparatory for her journey to the wells. Our news 
from Portugal is very bad. 

The greatest mortality is here amongst our ladies, and but 
this morning the young Lady Portman is reported dead, but 
I know not the certainty. 

Earl of Orrery to Ormond. 

1663, July 8. Newtown. — My troop having (during theV 
Usurper's power) received their arrears in the most barbarous \ 
parts of Kerry, the Barony of Glanarought, and the surveyors / 
having returned that in some places of that Barony eight acres / 
should be reckoned for one profitable, iii other places twelve, in 
others twenty, the laud was so extreme bad, I made it my 
humble suit to your Grace, when in London, to move his sacred 
Majesty that the Quit rent payable by my troops might be 
reduced accordingly, else they could not live there, that rent 
being by much more worth than the whole profits of the lands in 
the most improved times of peace, as appeared by the valuation 
of that Barony before the Bebellion, and the Quit rents 
unreduced since they were made payable, your Grace was 
pleased to obtain from his Majesty a letter in my troop's just 
favour, directed to the then Lords Justices, who thereupon 
by virtue of Sir James Vane's return and the certificates 
of the surveyors, reduced the Quit rent accordingly, but your 
Grace's arrival to this Government before all the formalities 
of the reduction had received perfection, I understand there 
are some endeavours to cut them off from the benefit and 
justice of that reducement. This has made me an humble 
and common suitor to your Grace that they may have the 
advantage of it. The whole transaction of that affair this 
honorable gentleman. Colonel Clayton, will fully inform, your 
Grace of. Therefore I shall only add that if this be not 
confirmed to them by your Grace, which the Lords Justices 
ordered by virtue of the King's authority and command to 
them, which also were procured by your Grace's favour, the 
consequences thereof will be that the troop must wholly cast 
up their lot and thereby remain without any satisfaction ; by 
which also this evil will follow to the kingdom m general that, 
that English Plantation being withdrawn, the likeliest part 
of Ireland for an invasion or rebellion will be apt and fitted' 
for either or both, and the worst sort of Irish will immediately 
possess that tract of land and those good harbours. And 
since the granting what I humbly desire is but a fair and 
warrantable favour to a number of good soldiers and loyal 
subjects, and a securing and planting of a wild and dangerous 
country with industrious and faithhil English, I will rest 
confident what I thus earnestly beg will not be denied by your 
Grace. Colonel Clayton vnll also acquaint your Grace that 
by your own favour the deficiencies of my troop's lot was 
appointed to be made up by His Majesty's orders in some 
other lands in that wild country, which none elsie would take 



for satisfaction. To this my troop understands by the 
information of one Thos. Connell, your Grace or my Lord of 
Ossory does lay claim as in the right of the Earl of Desmond. 
My troop have desired me humbly to acquaint your Grace 
that they will lose all they have rather than go to law against 
your Grace or my Lord Ossory, and therefore lay at your 
Grace's feet all their right or pretences. They understand 
your Grace has referred the business to Sir Wm. Domvile* 
which is putting of it into a way of law and therefore they 
will lose it rather than so defend it, but if your Grace will 
appoint any of your servants at Dublin, as Sir Wm. Flower 
or any other, and be pleased to let Colonel Clayton meet with 
him to show what they have to say, it will be a favour to 
them, and what on that representation your Grace shall think 
fit to order they will joyfully submit unto it ; only in case 
your Grace shall find you have the right I am an humble 
suitor to you that Captain Geo. Dillon, who commands my 
troop, may be preferred to those lands, I mean as much only 
as concerns them, as your Grace's or my Lord Ossory 's tenant 
for such a term of years and at such a convenient rent as your 
Grace shall think fit, that they may continue and increase a 
plantation of Protestants there, to keep it from being a nest 
of such as may disturb the peace of those parts. I humbly 
beg your Grace's pardon for this long trouble and your speedy 
order about the reduction of the Quit rent as it has been 
already ordered, for if green wax were issued for it, they must 
pay it or be at as much charge as the payment of it will amount 
unto to get it off again. 

I have made this confidence as short as I could because 
Colonel Clayton will at large inform your Grace of all particulars 
in these two businesses, now humbly offered to your Grace's 
consideration and favour. 

Endorsed : — ^Earl of Orrery. — ^Received 18 July, 1663. Quit 
rent of his troop and my pretensions to the land.. 

William Coventry to Ormond. 

1663, July 14. — ^I should not give your Grace any trouble 
at present if I did not conceive it necessary to give your Grace 
some account of what formerly passed here in England 
concerning the French fishermen, which perhaps may be a 
necessary light to the enclosed from his Boyal Highness. 
Some time after the King's return into England a petition 
was presented to the King in Council from the Cinque Ports 
complaining (amongst other grievances) chiefly of the French 
fishing on the coast of the Cinque Forts without leave first 
obtained, it having been customary that some few passes 
were granted for fishing there for the accommodation of the 
Court of France and some great persons. The Council were 

pleased to recommend it to the care of his Boyal Highness 

— '■ ' ■ ■ ' ■ ■ ■ ■ I ■ ■ ■ i . ■ ■ ■ — ■ ■ . ■ 

*The IriBh Attorney General. 



SI 

to prevent that grievance, in pursuance whereof his Eoyal 
Highness ordered from time to time ships to that coast with 
orders to take the nets of such as fished without leave, which 
was accordingly done, of which advertisement being given 
to the French Court, great complaints were made to my Lord 
St. Albans there and here by the Marquis d* Estrades, who 
about that time came first on his Embassy into England, 
whereupon by direction of my Lord Chancellor their nets were 
restored and their disturbance discontinued, so far as I could 
conjecture (for it is but a conjecture), that so the matter of 
the fishing might be passed by in the treaty then depending (and 
which is not yet perfected) without any mention at all, fearing 
lest the mention might breed difficulties, especially considering 
that about that time the Hollanders' and f^rench were about 
the guaranty for each other. This cessation of the King's 
claim hath hitherto continued, though the Ports begin again 
to murmur about it. His Boyal Highness seeing it not fit 
to restrain the fishing at that time, thought it the next best way 
to fortify the King's claim by giving passes to fish, especially 
for such fish as they have usually taken without licence, 
viz. : mackerel and herring, and therefore during two seasons 
hath granted annual passes to divers for those fishings, whereof 
possibly some may reach to the coast of Ireland. Thus your 
Lordship hath the whole narrative of the proceedings on this 
matter, how soon your Lordship will think fit to proceed to 
vigour with them (depending the treaty) your Lordship's 
prudence will direct, but if you shall proceed at any time to 
seizing their ships and nets, if your Grace would please to give 
his Eoyal Highness advertisement of it, I suppose it could 
have no inconvenience that his Boyal Highness did the same 
here, since it would be satisfactory to the Ports and the whole 
make but one complaint in France. 

Endorsed : — Mr. William Coventry, received 20th July, 1663. 

Egbert Southwell to Sir George Lane. 

1663, July 17. Kinsale. — ^The answer of yours with that 
of my Lord of Anglesey being contained in the enclosed unto 
his Lordship, which I have left open with a fiying seal, and 
humbly beg you to read and then to close and deliver it, will 
save the trouble of repeating the same again here, but believe 
me. Sir, I would speak if it were convenient, very much more 
in my own vindication and lay the blame where it ought to be, 
but I chose rather to be silent and to suffer the present censure 
with hopes very speedily to put an end to the work; the 
trouble and care thereof I shall not mention, though it has 
proved one of the hardest tasks I have hitherto had and that 
through the several commissions and neglects of others whom 
I may not name, but this I may tell you, that notwithstanding 
my endeavours, I have found it to proceed and go on with cold 
and leaden feet, and it has cost me so much the more care 
and diligence to enliven and quicken up all those concerned 



62 

in it, and if I could with all that have obtained the desired 
effects of compliance and despatch of my Lord Duke's service 
of which I shall, God willing, during my life be zealous, I had 
therein fully received my own satisfaction. 

Sir, I beseech you present my most humble and faithful 
service and to assure his Grace that this part of his business 
shall speedily be put to a conclusion, and with my very humble 
service unto yourself and your most noble Lady. 

Endorsed : — Mr. Southwell,* Collector of his Grace's money 
in the County of Cork, received 20th July, 1663. An answer 
enclosed to the Earl of Anglesey, that he shall have all the 
money in within one month. 3501 behind. 

Obmond to Eabl of Anolbset. 

1663, July 22. Dublin. — ^I doubt not but this will be one 
of the first that from hence bids you welcome to London. 
I am sorry you were not there when the articles were brought 
in against my Lord Chancellor, but you will be there time 
enough to vindicate him and serve the King in your proportion. 
My Lord of Bristol's care of the Protestant religion, and 
against the Pope's ecclesiastical jurisdiction in England, is 
very admirable and deserves commendation if it be the sole 
motive of his zeal against my Lord Chancellor. Our bill is 
under the examination of some of the most modest of the Irish 
lawyers. When they shall have made their objections to it, 
it may be fit to put them to confer with English counsel to 
see how near they may come to agree. We are brought into 
some straits at council by reason of a letter we have received 
from the King in favour of my Lord of Antrim, by which the 
commissioners are in effect required to give judgment for him 
as an innocent. The copy you may have there, and then 
your own judgment will suggest to you what difficulties we 
must be in. A principal foundation of that letter seems to 
be raised upon the want of objections against that Lord in our 
letter in March last, when we were required to transmit a bill 
for his restitution, which implies want of due and seasonable 
inconvenience that may follow his restitution. This has made 
us suspend the sending to the commissioners and to appoint 
a committee of the Board to consider what is fit for us in duty 
to do, and so the matter rests. I send your Lordship the 
copy of a letter I sent to Mr. Secretary Bennett, concerning 
the farming of the customs, that nothing should be concealed 
from you. 

Copy. 

Earl op Anqlbsey to Ormond. 

1663, July 26. Drury Lane, London. — After I had kissed 
your Grace's hands I used such diligence in my journey that I 
came to Court on Tuesday last betimes in the afternoon, and 

* Afterwards Sir Robert Soathwell, and the oonfidentiai Mend of the Duke 
of Ormond. 



63 

presented your Grace's letters to His Majesty and my Lord 
Chancellor, my Lord Fitzharding and Mr. Secretary Bennett, 
and on Thursday morning I had fair audience from His 
Majesty, who acquainted me with how much kindness your 
Grace had written to him concerning me ; which I hope I shall 
never misdeserve, but with all the faithfulness and service 
I am capable of, endeavour to merit the continuance of your 
Grace's favour. I found the Parliament sitting and hath so 
continued since morning and afternoon, which hath been a 
hindrance hitherto to the affairs I came about, nor could I stop 
the passing of the bill imposing a 40th upon every Irish beef 
and a 10th upon every sheep, which was put to the question 
yesterday in the Lords' house, but my Lord Privy seal, myself 
and some others have protested against it upon that account, 
and for the free exportation of money and bullion which the 
same bill gives, being entitled a bill for the advancement of 
trade. 

I find by his Majesty and Mr. Secretary Bennett that your 
Grace was mistaken in expecting the threescore thousand, 
pounds in money of his Majesty's stamp ; it was intended in 
French crowns, but I am not without hope of obtaining it in 
English money though it may delay the sending it away a 
month the longer. His Majesty hath resolved to call my 
Lord Chancellor, Lord Treasurer and some others together 
to consult upon the explanatory bill whereof I brought a copy, 
and upon my instructions, and I shall give your Grace from time 
to time an account of proceedings. 

His Boyal Highness' son was christened at St. James on 
Wednesday last, and had the same name. The Queen went 
to Tunbridge on Thursday last. The Parliament will be 
prorogued on Monday. 

I find my Lord Inchiquin, my Lord Carlingford and others 
endeavouring to take the hearth bill of Ireland to farm for 
twenty-one years at 24,000i a year, but Mr. Secretary Bennett 
would have them content with a letter recommendatory for it to 
your Grace. I was moved to be a sharer in it, but I doubt 
whether it will quit cost, and do wish the King had good 
security for that rent for seven years, whosoever will undertake 
it. 

I hope your Grace hath by this time discharged the Provost 
Martials' men and trumpeters, quartermasters, and others your 
Grace resolved to reduce before my coming away. 

I shall by the next post be able to give your Grace a more 
satisfactory account of all matters, and when I receive your 
Grace's particular commands concerning the profits of your 
place here and other concernments, shall in the observance of 
them evidence myself your Grace's most faithful and obedient 
servant. 

My Lord of Bristol's articles are entered in the Lords' 
Journal, but the consideration of them suspended till next 
session. His Lordship names your Grace and my Lord 
Lauderdale for two of his witnesses. 



64 

Earl of Anglbsby to Ormond. 

1663, July 28. London. — The Parliament was, as I 
intimated by my last, prorogued yesterday about three in the 
afternoon to the 16th of March next, the King giving 
first the royal assent to the bill of subsidies and divers other 
acts, amongst which that concerning trade is one, whereby 
the transportation of Irish cattle by the high custom laid upon 
them, which I formerly mentioned, is taken away, and though 
I represented as effectually as I could the mischiefs thereof 
to his Majesty, it was not possible for me to prevent it. 
As soon as I can get a copy of the Act your Grace shall have 
it, that mature consideration may be had thereupon how to 
prevent the ruin of that poor kingdom by setting up the trade 
of stall feeding and barrel beef which, if they can subsist 
through the straits of two or three years till that way of trade 
be settled, will turn to better account than the transportation 
of live cattle. The King immediately after the prorogation 
went to Tunbridge to visit the Queen and is not expected 
back till Thursday, so that till next post I shall be at no 
certainty about the money, nor can I write anything about the 
farms of Excise and Customs, nor concerning the Explanatory 
Act till His Majesty's return gives opportunity for consultation. 
The letter from your Grace and the *49 men to his Majesty 
concerning the Earl of Tyrconnell is not yet come. I wish 
it were dispatched. There is an explanatory bill for hearth 
money passed this session here which will be necessary to 
further the collection of that revenue in Ireland, and shall be 
sent also when I can get it. 

Postscript : — A bill passed both houses and the King and 
council for better observing the Lord's day was stolen out of 
the House of Peers yesterday, and so is not made an act. 

Earl of Anglesey to Ormond. 

1663, August 1. London. — ^I received the honour of your 
Lordship's of the 22nd the 29th of last month, and though 
I was not here when the articles were brought in against my 
Lord Chancellor, I came time enough to see a calm close of 
a session of Parliament that had threatened some mutations, 
and I can assure your Lordship the shakings 984 (the Lord 
Chancellor of England) hath had have fixed him faster and 
with a deeper root in the 213, 61, 178, 248 (King's favour). 
And 431, 760 (Lord Bristol) is 97, 105, 97, 12, 112, 1, 196, 
192 , 104 , 28 , 40 (retired with discontent) . Since the 938 , 135 , 
29, 2, 854 (Parliament gone, the King) hath gone 56, 46, 148, 
(daily) to 750, 208, 99 (Worcester House). The King is now 
daily in consultation for the reducing of his charge, and will 
I believe give a good example to his subjects for the moderating 
of expense, which is grown generally to so great an excess that 
without a remedy mischief will follow. 



65 

Your Grace will now well expect some account of my 
proceedings here, but when you have considered that I came at 
the close of a Parliament that had many businesses upon their 
hands, and that the Queen immediately took her journey to the 
waters whither his Majesty went soon after to visit her, and that 
till yesterday there hath been no council at which the King was 
present since I came, but for a cursory perusal of bills to which 
the royal assent was to be given, your Grace will not I am sure 
accuse me of neglect. Yesterday your Grace's and the Councirs 
letters by me with my instructions were read at Council and 
after some debate referred to a committee, who are to meet 
on Monday morning and prepare all things for the board, but 
that part of my instructions concerning liberty to export Irish 
cattle being now (as I intimated to your Grace formerly) past 
recovery till England smart by the project, it will be expedient 
for your Grace and the council there to countermine the design 
by setting on foot foreign trade for the vending of beef and 
Irish manufactures. 

The King and Council are very willing to have the Excise 
and Customs of Ireland farmed, wherein Mr. Secretary Bennett 
and I do take care of your Grace's engagement to Harvey, 
whereof your Grace's last letter enclosed me the information 
and there is no doubt of success therein. 

His Majesty hath appointed Monday morning next to meet 

' at Worcester House where he hath assured me we shall settle 

the business of money, and your Grace may be assured that 

• you shall have the sixty thousand pounds in English money 

which I press hard for, or speedily returned by exchange if 

the other cannot be obtained. 

It hath been yet so busy a time since my coming that my 
Lord Chancellor and I have not had large discourse, but it is 
agreed to be speedily and then your Grace shall have a full 
account of all. His Lordship also will write this post. 

I was troubled when 1006 (St. Albans, Earl)* shewed me the 
letter concerning 431, 186, 41, 105, 27 (Ijord Antrim), but 
896 (E. Anglesey) thinks 961 (your Grace) takes the right 
course, and since it's pressed so hard upon 962, 401, 246, 692 
(you and the council), it may perhaps give just occasion to 
represent things fully against 315, 431 (that Lord) which may 
help to prevent attempts here to disorder the new bill when 
it comes. 

431, 63, 41, 39, 180, 21, 328, 39 (Lord Fitz- William) had 
some doubt 961 (your Grace) favours not his restitution, but 
1 have satisfied him and his friends an answer much to his 
disadvantage was prepared and had come if 962 (your Grace) 
had not interposed, which produced the letter lately come 
which keeps yet some life in the business. 941 (Queen mother) 
is very earnest for him. 

I hope my cousin Boyd hath dealt ingenuously with your 
Grace in his confession as he p romised. It's good to have the 

* The equivalente of the cipher figures in this and Bubsequent lettei*s have 
1)een filled in by Ormond in the manuscript. 

Wt. 8878 K 



66 

bottom of the business, though perhaps it will not be advisable 
to draw much more blood, if there be any hopes offenders 
may upon repentance be made useful, as I believe some of them 
jnay. 

I came away so on the sudden that I forgot to move your 
Grace in Sir Audley Mervyn's business though I had his 
papers about me, which I now have here. He hath written 
to me about it, intimating that your Grace minded me of it in 
your note of remembrance, but having yet no direction I desire 
it from your Grace and how far I shall move his Majesty for 
him ; I think it will be necessary the House of Commons have 
some satisfaction therein. 

I attend still directions about your Grace's private concern- 
ments. I find by your Grace's letter the bill is under the 
consideration of the contrary parties. It must be remembered 
that the clause giving leave to all such of the clergy (not 
excepted from that favour) as shall within a certain time take 
your Grace's licence to depart the kingdom, be inserted in the 
bill. My Lord I have now more to say than I can write by one 
post of the great obligations your nobleness and favour have put 
upon me, whereof T meet with the fruits wheresoever your 
Grace's letters have mentioned me, and I shall therefore 
rather by doing than saying much, endeavour to assure your 
Grace that you have made me entirely yours and as I resolve 
to follow your fortune, so your Grace shall ever find me, a 
faithful and affectionate servant to your Grace and family. 

Postscript : — Next post I shall presume to get the letter 
concerning my Ijord of Arran despatched. 

Now I understand the referees have reported to your Grace 
what lands will be fittest for the fort of Duncannon, I hope 
your Grace will direct a present settlement of them. 

Copy, 

Ormond to Earl of Anglesey. 

1663, August 1. Dublin. — I have yours of the 25th of the last 
and am glad the truths I writ concerning your Lordship to the 
King and your services are so well accepted of by him. You 
may be sure what I writ to him are my thoughts, for I dare 
not WTite anything but what I take for truth to one I must 
be so answerable to. 

Though you could not prevent the passing of that bill 
concerning the imposition upon Irish cattle in the House of 
Lords, yet I am sure you are able to represent the ruinous 
consequences of it to this kingdom, so as to prevent the giving 
of the royal assent to it, unless something of greater weight 
than that shall require it, and what that can be I cannot 
conceive. Mistakes for advantage are easily slipped into, 
and for public advantage in some degree excusable, yet 
Mr. Secretary Bennett mentioning only white crowns and 
such having been stamped by the King, I was willing to believe 



67 

we should be paid in them, and perhaps it were not amiss 
the King's army and people here might see his representation 
in coin as well as magistrates. 

I doubt not but that his Majesty, and those he appoints to 
attend him, when the draft of the explanatory bill and your 
instructions shall be considered, will look upon that draft 
as subject to alterations, for you may remember it was 
agreed at council that the draft should be put into the hands 
of some of the soberest and most moderate of the Irish lawyers 
to look into and make their observations upon, which they 
accordingly have done, and now the first drafts, with that 
whereof you have a copy, and the observations, are under the 
consideration of the Judges, members of the board, and 
Mr. Secretary. It is true the objections are some of them 
such as changes the whole scope of the Act as to the security 
of reprisals, but it is likewise true that unless some of the 
objections be complied with the Irish do rather choose to be left 
to the old Act, and without some very apparent reason of state 
I think it will be hard to obtrude a new and more destructive 
law than the other upon them. I believe when all is done 
the reasonableness of the new Act cannot be judged of till the 
proportion and value of lands to be restored shall be compared 
with what shall be left to do it withal, when all interests 
provided for in the other Act and fit to be secured in this 
shall be satisfied, and that you know must be a work of some 
time and depends upon the names and number of those that 
shall be named for restitution , which are not yet fully brought 
in to me. As we advance in the work your Lordship shall have 
notice. What I now- write I desire you would impart to my 
Lord Chancellor, because I think I shall not write to him this 
post on this subject, if on any. 

There is yet none of those reductions you mention , but within 
a post or two you shall hear of it, some provision being 
necessary to be made for some deserving quartermasters. 
Your Lordship has my authority to call for an account of the 
past profits of my place of Lord Steward. Some other 
concernments of mine you shall be troubled with as soon as 
I am ready for them, since you are pleased to undergo it. 

Postscript : — I send you herewith an account of disbursements 
made by Will. Legg for my troop and must desire your 
Lordship to see it paid ; the repayment shall be placed upon 
the troop or elsewhere to Sir Daniel Bellingham's satisfaction. 

Endorsed : — A copy of letter to the Earl of Anglesey. 

Earl of Anglesey to Ormond. 

1663, August 4. Drury Lane, London. — The committee 
appointed for Irish afifairs met yesterday very full and have 
gone through most of my instructions; one day more will 
make their report ready for his Majesty and council , and then 
your Grace shall have an account of the result and I shall 



68 

represent all to your Grace and the council. In the morning 
before the committee met, his Majesty assembled the Duke of 
York, Lord Chancellor, Lord Treasurer, Duke of Albemarle, 
myself and Mr. Secretary Bennett at Worcester House, where 
the sixty thousand pounds was resolved to be hastened away 
in English money, bating so much as was made use of of 
Sir Thomas Vyner's money before I came away, and 
Mr. Vyner and others are dealt with to advance it upon the 
subsidies payable in November, concerning w^hich I am 
appointed to meet them at my Lord Treasurer's, and shall 
use all possible diligence therein. 

At the same meeting your Lordship's letter concerning 
your quasi-agreement with Harvey, concerning the farming 
the customs and imported excise, was so far considered 
that it is approved of to be remitted to your Grace to conclude 
with them for seven years, but the committee, to w'hom his 
Majesty's resolution herein was signified in the afternoon 
by me and Mr. Secretary Bennett, have delivered their 
opinion against any farm being for above three years, but 
1 believe upon good reason the King and council will enlarge it. 

I can yet get liberty at the committee only for geldings and 
nags for Ireland, but I hope the council will go further. 

854 (the King) hath caused Secretary 84, 165, 53 (Morice) 
to issue a 679 (warrant) to arrest 481 \ 760 (Earl Bristol) of 
673 (treason), and the 302, 37 (ports)' are laid 487 (for the) 
taking 280 (him). T wish the business be not driven 106, 
61, 36 (too far). 481, 760 (Earl Bristol) I know apprehended 
the 692 (council) would have done something 614, 37, 40, 280 
(against him) but 388 (they) did 226 (not). 

There was lately a fray in the fair of St. James' wherein 
divers of the soldiers were ill-used and disarmed, but four or 
five have been committed of the rude multitude and others 
are sought after. 896 (Earl Anglesey) doth not like the 40, 
26, 92, 35, 298 (temper of) people. 

The new bill is much expected. I hope by this time it is 
ready to come away. T moved his Majesty, who very readily 
appointed my Lord of Arran* one of his council, and if it be 
possible Mr. Secretary Bennett will despatch it this night. 
Howsoever, it shall not fail by next post. 

James Buck to Sm Grokgr Lane. 

1663, August 4. Moor Park. — I am so much out of 
countenance that your commands concerning the pictures had 
so little success under my conduct, but in truth complaint in 
some and unhappy accidents falling out to others, which now 
is unreasonable to press them for it, is the true cause you 
have them not sent you. And now I think 'tis not 
unreasonable to beg the honour of yours and your Lady's 
commands before I leave England, for I intend to wait upon 
you in Ireland as soon as I receive a return to this and a 

* Ormontl's second son, Richard, Earl of Arran. 



69 

letter I have sent her Grace. I am to return you not only my 
thanks for my Lord Duke's warrant which you sent me, but 
for your kind wishes in that charge, which I have almost 
settled for your son : though I shall perform what .you have 
commanded me, yet I assure you T think him the finest youth 
in the world of his age, and one for manners and humility 
in its proper place and reason, may become a learned tutor. 
My Lord, affairs has kept me so long here, that I have not 
been in London almost these three weeks. 

I hear my Lord of Anglesey is there, on whom I intend to 
wait and to receive Mr. Vyner's accounts, which he tells me 
shall be ready, which is all the trouble till I have the honour 
to receive your commands, that I may express the thankfulness 
and gratitude due to you. 

Postscript : — My most humble service to your most worthy 
Lady. 

Earl of Anglesfa to Ormond. 

1663, August 8. London. — The Court being most of this 
week at Tun bridge and like to continue there till Tuesday, 
and my Lord Chancellor at Twickenham, I have not much to 
write this post. 

Yesterday I received your Grace's of the first of this month 
with the papers enclosed, which I shall make use of as soon 
as the King returns, the officers of the Green Cloth being with 
him now, and Sir George Barker dead there newly, as my 
Lady Littleton died a few days before. 

Mr. Morris and his partners have offered 53,000/ for the 
water dutv, which the committee count so considerable an 
offer beyond the other, that it will be so reported next 
Wednesday, in the meantime is ordered to be kept secret. 

Here is a design on foot to farm the King's whole revenue ; 
there is offered for it for nine years a million a year incumbered 
as it is, or eleven hundred thousand pounds, clearing all 
incumbrances, besides the postage and licence of wines allowed 
to the Duke of York. 

The King of France is said to be marched with his great 
army into Lorraine, and its thought designs for Germany. 

I shall take care to have Will. Legg paid for the arms your 
Grace sent me note of, and in all other your Grace's commands 
approve myself, your Grace's most humble and faithful servant. 

Postscript : — My Lord Chancellor being this night expected 
in town, T shall shew him your Grace's letter. 

T hope your Grace will be able to moderate the Irish in their 
e^cceptions to the bill , that there may be a close. 

Ormond to Earl of Anglesfa*. 

1663, August 8. Dublin. — I have your Lordship's of the 
first instant which gives me suflficient reason why you could 
not obtain a more speedy hearing, and some impatience for 
the arrival of the next post, but I am not so unreasonable as 
then to expect a final conclusion to all the points of your 



70 

negotiation. I shall be content to be assured that a fair 
entrance is made into the consideration of them and effectual 
order taken for the transmission of the supply, but that supply 
will want much of the use and gracefulness of it, if it should 
be but returned by exchange and not in coin, which all former 
letters assured me it should, though Mr. Secretary and I 
mistook one another in the sort of coin, I believing we should 
have it in English crowns and he meaning French, which 
latter is much better than paper unless the exchanger will allow 
us the same profit that is taken for money received in England 
and paid here. If the farmers that would be of our customs 
will still keep up to their offer, the King will receive less damage 
by the prohibition of transporting cattle than I apprehended, 
but I much doubt they will not, and then where are we for 
the pay of the Army and other necessary charge to support the 
Government till we can get into a track of foreign trade? And 
that cannot be expected till there be such a settlement as inay 
assure every man what is his own , and encourage improvements 
in and out of corporations. We cannot well tell to what 
degree we are and shall be prejudiced by this prohibition till 
we see the Act, nor what shift may be made to help ourselves, 
therefore I pray hasten it over, and in the meantime represent 
and repeat often your conceptions of the state we shall be in, 
that provision may be made to supply the disappointments, 
or that at the worst we may be free from the blame of those 
inconveniences that may follow if the Army should not be 
paid, though we are like to be the first that shall feel the smart. 

I hope the stop and representation we made in the case of 
my Lord of Antrim will meet with a right construction, namely, 
that it proceeded not from a presumption to dispute the King's 
commands, but rather from a due obedience to that fundamental 
command by which we are required to make stop in the 
execution of his pleasure if it shall be signified to us in things 
hurtful to his Government or contrary to his profit, till we 
have represented our sense and received a second declaration 
of his pleasure. 

With that of my Lord of Antrim's was sent the letter from 
the '49 trustees to the King touching the Earl of Tirconnell. 
If a way can be found how the consent of those by whom they 
are trusted may be gathered and declared, I should not doubt 
of obtaining it, but if that be not possible I know not 
what to propose or do for his preservation, how desirous 
soever for his Lady's sake and her relations I am to contribute 
to it. 

It is hard to know when a person in Mr. Boyd's condition, 
and who hath once obstinately denied his knowledge, deals 
ingenuously ; perhaps when the commission now in preparation 
for the trial of some more of that gang shall be sat upon, it 
will make him and others think it time to deal more clearly ; 
. when the degree of men's guilt is discovered it will be seasonable 
to think of mercy, which then and not before will be 
acknowledged to be mercy. 



71 

I sli?i:ll this post transmit the recommendation of the House 
of Commons in behalf of their Speaker to Mr. Secretary. 
I wisli he had so carried himself as that I might have 
accompanied it with more advantageous representations than 
will now become me, yet something I shall say of the 
reasonableness of doing something for him unless his carriage 
had been such as to have brought him under question ; his 
charge has been great and his condition, I doubt, is but low. 

I have now I think answered all yours by the last post, at 
least before now you have other letters of mine that do it. 
It remains that I assure you I have entire confidence in your 
friendship to me and a perfect one to you. 

Postscript : — When you have leisure to take the air, I pray 
look upon Moor Park, and till you have, give yourself the 
trouble to speak with Mr. Phillips about the conveyances and 
let me know if I may not now before the second payment 
settle the estate I have in it according to my intentions 
hereafter. 

Endorsed : — A copy of the letter to the Earl of Anglesey. 

Earl of Anglesey to Ormond. 

1663, August 11. London. — His Majesty came this day to 
Whitehall before noon, and will settle the business of sending 
money for Ireland before he goes again into the country. 

I have made an entrance into your Grace's business entrusted 
with the oflScers of the Green Cloth, but am not yet able to give 
your Grace a satisfactory account thereof. I find you will be 
somewhat in debt here, but then none of your pension as one 
of his Majesty's Bedchamber is yet paid, but I shall give my 
Lord Treasurer little rest till I get it, and do hope a fund will 
be discovered for it. 

My Lord Chancellor and I have had much discourse of several 
affairs. I shewed him your Grace's last letter as you 
commanded, and we shall soon meet again. /Among other 
things we have had some conference about extending such 
liberty as may be safe to men of peaceable spirits, though they 
differ in judgment. It's to be doubted uniformity hath 
been pressed with too much earnestness, many ministers are 
subdued by it, but the people seem to be rather provoked 
than conquered. My Lord Chancellor and I are, I am sure, 
of the same judgment herein with your Grace, and time with 
wisdom may do that which haste and violence will never 
compass. If anything be advised of here in this afifair, your 
Grace shall be informed thereof, w^ho I am sure as much as 
any wishes the peace and prosperity both of Church and State. 

Earl op Anglesey to Ormond. 

1663, August 15. London. — I received your Grace's of the 
8th of this month the 13th, and having this post, in my public 
despatch to your Grace and the council, given an account of 



72 

several particulars of my negotiation, I shall not trouble your 
Grace with a repetition of the same. Your Grace will thereby 
see that I have done the best I could to furnish Ireland with 
ready money, but the advantage of English money above 
foreign coin in the thirty thousand pounds furnished by 
Bakewell I could not obtain, though but a thousand pounds. 
The Treasury here would save what they could to pay 
interest for the advance and were too hard for me therein. 
Your Grace will find that the farmers of the customs do not 
lessen their offer for the prohibition of transporting cattle, 
so that his Majesty will not suffer thereby in his customs, 
though the kingdom be prejudiced in their trade, and if the 
people there be timely warned to change their trade into stall 
feeding of beef to be sent out of Ireland, in the months of 
March, April, May and June, when beef is here at the dearest, 
and to be barrelled up for foreign and sea trade, they will 
make more of their beef and have the manufacture of 
dressing the hides and sale of the tallow or candles, which 
will also increase the King's customs and the riches of that 
kingdom, and I hope your Grace will call upon the council 
to consider and take care herein for the good of that poor 
kingdom, w-hich must be preserved by politic rules and orders 
of that Board, or your Grace sees they will be oppressed by the 
laws of England, which are now calculated more narrowly than 
in former times, only for the profit [of] this kingdom. I have 
said more than I needed to your Grace's discerning judgment 
in this particular, having the warrant of your Grace's 
command, and if anything further occur, I shall offer it 
hereafter; in the meanwhile I shall make what advantage I 
can here for Ireland from the present mischiefs this Act doth 
that kingdom. 

The representation made in my Lord of Antrim's case, which 
I saw, hath so lodged that affair that Mr. Secretaiy Bennett 
assured me nothing more would be done therein. 69 (He) 
gave it 1000 (Earl St. Albans) yesterday to read, and if anything 
should be intended (unless they have gotten a private direction 
already to the 836, 129, 37 (commissioners), it will come too 
late for my 431, 718, his cause will be over. 

The letter concerning my Lord Tirconnell is made use of 
as your Grace will find to his advantage, and a way resolved 
on to gain the particular consent of the '49 men here and there 
by a subscription set on foot, w-hich none here refuse, and 
I believe few will there. 

I shall be sorry if my cousin Boyd shall not deal very 
ingenuously. I hope he will. Sir Courtney Poole and 
divers others are very earnest here with the King in 
behalf of Shapcott, and if his crime appear not very clear 
and high, I believe he will find mercy, and methinks he 
may yet be made useful to a public good having courage and 
parts, but your Grace knows what is best to be done. 



73 

1 bhall attend your Grace's despatch to Mr. Secretary Bennett 
about Sir Audley Mervyn, though I doubt his application now 
is with some prejudice, but it concerns the King that something 
be done for him, and 1 beUeve his low condition calls for it. 

I design next week to see Moor Park, as your Grace 
commands, and shall by the next post speak with Mr. Phillips 
about the conveyances if he be in town, and give your Grace 
my opinion in the query you made. 

1 have as your Grace will find settled the money business as 
well as it was possible upon credit to get ready money. 1 know 
your Grace will be provident in the expense, for 1 do not find 
any likelihood of getting^ the other forty-two thousand pounds, 
to have a stock there ready for a march in time of danger. 
1 suppose with half this sum most of the ten months' arrears 
may be bought off, and the subsidies and other revenue will 
near defray the growing charge, when the reducements I 
proposed before my coming away shall be made, whicli I 
humbly mind your Grace again of, and that the farm of the 
customs and excise may be settled with that despatch according 
to the power given your Grace and the council from hence this 
post, that it may take beginning from Michaelmas next. 

IS'ext council day I doubt not the Inland Excise and all 
licences will be also left to the Board to farm, not going under 
thirty-six thousand pounds nor for above the term of seven 
years. 

1 am all 1 can pressing on the bills here ; that of the customs 
was lost between my Lord Ashley and the customers, but I 
have retrieved it and will hasten it all 1 can. His Majesty 
goes this afternoon to Tunbridge, and returns on Tuesday with 
the Queen. My Lord of Bristol writes letters as out of 
Flanders and France. 

My Lord Holies is arrived at Paris but yet incognito , the 
officers of the customs not suffering his goods to be issued but 
in sight of an officer of theirs, which he refuseth, the 
Ambassadors of that King having received a different respect 
here. His house was also assaulted in the night by voleurs 
since his arrival, but he acquitted himself to the honour of the 
English and cost of the French. The French King is marched 
toward Lorraine. 

The T«rk hath agreed to give up the Island of Candia to the 
Venetians for nineteen millions of French livres. 

I have sent the letter for my Lord of Arran to himself, and 
shall trouble your Grace no further at this time. 

Ormond to Earl of Anglesey. 

1663, August 15. ])ublin. — I think I have only yours 
of the fourth and eighth on my hands ; for those pertinent 
informations you take the pains to give me, you know I can 
make you no proportionable return from hence. I am glad 
the sixty thousand pounds will be sent in English money, 
but do not understand that the money of Sir Thomas Vyner's 



74 

made use of here can reasonably be deducted out of it, no such 
thing having been as I remember spoken of when his money 
was advanced in cobs, which to repay in English money and 
in England is not only greater profit to him than the advance 
as I understood it can come to, but the loss of so much money to 
the kingdom, and you know how scarce coin is, and is like 
to be here. I conceive it therefore but reasonable he should 
content himself with repayment here in the same coin he lent, 
or at most out of that when it comes hither. I always 
understood by Mr. Secretary Bennett's letters upon that subject 
that the money was ready to be delivered out of the Tower, 
and that the King would repay that stock out of the subsidies, 
in which case there w^ould have been no reduction for 
advancement, and though the money had been to be paid in 
white French crowns, yet the worst in that case had been to 
have chosen whether to receive it in that coin, or to have paid 
for the change of it into English. What advance money 
will be required your Lordship was not able to say when you 
writ, having not met with the undertakers. But I hope 
it will be considered how little time is like to be betwixt the time 
of our receiving it here and the repayment there, and that 
unless the advance be upon very easy terms, it will be better 
for the King's service that you receive assignments upon the 
subsidies of the adjacent counties than that too much deduction 
be made. Your Lordship knows how even a computation 
was made and that every deduction must be a disappointment. 

Yours of the eighth hath freed me from the apprehension 
of ruin to the King's affairs here by the sinking of the customs, 
provided Mr. Morris and his partners give good security to 
make good their undertaking, but it increases my suspicion 
that the English farmers of the customs have helped on the 
prohibition of transporting cattle from hence with a prospect 
to have the sole trade at their rates, and I believe, unless 
Mr. Morris and they understood one another, he w^ould not 
undertake the bargain. These are but conjectures, and how 
reasonable they are time will discover. 

The huddle of causes now brought into the Court of Claims 
takes up men so entirely that the new Act can have few to 
attend it, yet before I go into the country I hope it will be 
sent ; you know there are few^ of council that one way or other 
are not concerned to straiten the restitution of Irish, and that 
it is so in both Houses of Parliament, so that unless the most 
moderate and w-isest of the Irish be in some measure satisfied 
here, it will fall out that they will resort into England and there 
endeavour to obstruct the return of it and give his Majesty 
and the council much trouble. 

Till the twenty-first of this be past, the commissioners will 
not be able to attend the setting out land to the fort of 
Duncannon, but then they promise to do it. 

I doubt the putting down the tables at Court will make the 
future account of the profits of my Steward's place to be easily 
taken. 



76 

Earl of Orrery to Ormond. 

1663, August 17. Newtown. — I presumed some weeks 
since humbly to acquaint your Grace that my troop had some 
lands in Kerry set out as an additional lot, to which when 
your Grace laid claim, I assured your Grace they laid all at 
your Grace's feet ; since when the lands have been disposed 
of, and none of the troop are tenants to it, and some lands 
which Captain George Dillon held in his hands, and stocked 
with his own stock, have been set to one Joseph Taylor, who, 
I am confident, was not known, for he is one of the most 
notorious fellows in this Province, three eye-witnesses being 
yet alive that this Taylor, going in a boat to buy tobacco at a 
ship in the Barony of Dunkerron, in the Usurper's time, made 
some poor women and children to the number of twenty-four, 
who were without the line, to bind there own corn and to carry 
it down on their backs to his boat side, where taking out 
a hatchet he made them all to be murdered with the edge of 
it, except two sucking children, which he caused to be flung into 
the sea and drowned. He is a great extortioner, lending money 
at twenty-four pounds in the hundred to the Irish to stop their 
mouths, who else would prove as foul murders against him as 
this which is ready to be proved, and which I think has not 
many greater to be found in any age. He was also cashiered as 
being a drunkard and whore-master. This Taylor, I hear, has 
much inveighed against Captain Dillon at Dublin, and his being 
put into some lands by Captain Dillon held makes me fear 
Captain Dillon may have been misrepresented to your Grace, 
and that gives me the confidence humbly to a,ssure your Grace 
that Captain Dillon is a gentleman who faithfully served the 
King in England till all his armies were broken, then he came 
and served in Ireland, and in all actions which related to 
his Majesty's restoration, no man living of his quality was more 
active, nor more willing to serve the King, nor more hated by 
all the Sectaries of all sorts, to which I shall only add there 
is not I think an officer of his quality in the Army. Upon the 
whole I humbly beseech your Lordship to look upon him as 
one who deserves this character as a friend of your Grace's 
servant, and on those scores to aiford him your Grace's favour 
which will be a special obligation unto, may it please your 
Grace, your Grace's most humble, most faithful, and most 
obedient servant. Orrery. 

Postscript ; — In the Usurper's time Taylor's usual railing 
against Captain Dillon was upon the account that he was a 
Cavalier. 

Earl of Anglesey to Ormond. 

1663, August 18. London. — The King is newly returned 
with the Queen, and before his journey next week to Portsmouth 
will, I doubt not, settle most of the work entrusted to my care. 
The Committee for Irish affairs have this afternoon received 
an account from Mr. Solicitor about the bills transmitted 



76 

liitlier, and gone through most of them, that of the Star- 
Chamber and some others are passed as they came thence ; 
when the council hath had the report to-morrow your Grace 
shall have a more particular account of them. 

The discourse here is that the Explanatory Bill expected 
thence is obst'ucted and like to come to nothing : I hope better, 
and that yet that poor kingdom shall obtain a settlement after 
all their troubles. 

I am hasting away the money, and when it sets forward 
shall give notice to your Grace that two frigates may meet it 
at Chester, for 1 think it will not be fit to venture all in a 
bottom. 

I have no more to add but what the enclosed gives your 
Grace. 

Postscript : — I entreat from your Grace your opinion 
concerning the new bill, for if that be not like to succeed, some 
serious counsel must be taken for the settling and securing that 
unhappy kingdom. 

1 hear, though T mediate with your Grace for favour to Colonel 
Wheeler, he endeavours to clear his land from the foii; of 
Duncannon and to get unjustly some of mine ordered by the 
Commissioners instead of it. 1 hope your Grace will prevent 
my suflering in that kind whilst I am doing that kingdom 
service here. 

Earl of Anglesey to Ormond. 

1663, August 22. ]jondon. — I received your Grace's of the 
15th of this month in answer to mine of the 4th and 8th. 
By later letters your Grace understands before this time how 
the affair of money goes, to which I can only add that with 
much ado, it is at last settled upon Sir Thomas Vyner and 
Alderman Bakewell's proposals as foUoweth : First, Sir Thomas 
Vyner, in consideration that his money hath been long since 
made use of there, and he was directed (when he w^ould have 
returned his money hither) by the King's order to keep it there 
for his Majesty's service, upon his proposal for furnishing 
thirty of the sixty thousand pounds, is by order of his Majesty 
and council allowed w^hat he hath advanced there, which was 
most of it in English money, and alleged by him to be fifteen 
thousand poimds in part of the thirty thousand pounds to be 
advanced by him, and the rest, whatsoever it prove short to 
make up of thirty thousand pounds, he is to pay there within 
twenty days in English money. Alderman Bakewell who is to 
furnish the other thirty thousand pounds hath circumvented 
the council into a better bargain for himself, for though a 
pretence was made at first of furnishing thirty thousand pounds 
there in foreign specie for twenty-nine thousand pounds 
English money, to be paid here out of the subsidies, yet denying 
the bargain which all the council almost remembered to be so, 
and pretending the great loss he should be at by the foreign 
specie he had provided if he were now put by, he hath gotten 



77 

thirty thousand pounds secured on the subsidies for thirty 
thousand pounds to be delivered me here in foreign specie. 
Only the Duke of York*s four thousand pounds will be paid in 
Knglish money, and so instead of the King's getting a thousand 
pounds, which was the first pretence, Ireland loseth one 
thousand pounds and Alderman Bakewell gets it. He and 
Vyner were both secured upon the subsidies with interest, 
and though the King pav the interest, we must bear the charge 
of sending Bakewell's money thither, wliereas Vyner would have 
sent all in English money from hence and borne the charge of it, 
so that upon the whole, considering how Vyner hath furnished 
much of his thirty thousand pounds beforehand without 
interest and kept it there for the King's use, he hath much 
a worse bargain than the other, wliirh answers the objections 
in your Grace's letter. But if all had been left to me I would 
have undertaken to have gotten more money in specie and 
had more Engl'sh money, but Bakewell. by the help of some, 
disordered all past my remedy. As for assignment in the 
subsidies which your Grace mentions, it would not have 
answered the occasion, for the way of subsidies having been 
long out of use, it is believed Lady Day will be the soonest 
any money will come in. 

The setting of the Inlatid Excise and ale licences are left to 
your Grace and the council as you proposed in my instructions, 
so that you set them not under thirty-six thousand pounds. 

The Explanatory Bill for customs and excise hath passed 
the supervision of the Officers of the Exchequer and Customs 
here, without any alteration but limiting the power of the Lord 
Lieutenant and council for lesseninsr of rates to the allowance 
of His Majesty and the council here, and so it will be 
transmitted as soon as may be with that of the Star-Chamber 
and marriages unaltered. But that of gunpowder is yet under 
amendment, and those of bridges laid asleep, with my Lord 
Chancellor's bill for endowing the Church, because a general 
act is conceived better for the one. and there is an act of 10 
CaroH primi in force already in Ireland, which enables my 
liord Chancellor or any other to do most of what is in the bill 
sent hither. 

The time for adjudging claims expiring this day, I hope now 
the new bill will be closely followed till something be resolved 
on, or how to proceed on the former Act, for the settlement 
of Ireland must be made one way or other or all will be in 
danger, and methinks all private interest in Council and 
Parliament should give way for a general good, which I think 
will be better provided for there than here. 

I wish I had all the proceed' ngs transmitted concerning my 
Lord of Antrim, because I find artifice is used here to disguise 
that business with reflection where it should not be, and which, 
T am sure, a true state of the matter of fact would enable me 
easily to clear. 



78 

As the close of your Grace's letter mentions the putting down 
the tables at Court, so I must acquaint your Grace that on 
Thursday last, the 20th of this month, it was resolved upon ; 
yet since his Majesty hath agreed to continue them till 
Michaelmas, and I hope then the council will be advised with 
before such a thing be done. I must let your Grace be 
informed of some passages in this business, because your Grace 
will easily apprehend at first view that your honour is much 
concerned herein as well as his Majesty's. The whole charge 
of the household diet, wages, and pensions comes to one 
hundred and twenty thousand pounds by the establishment 
made when your Grace was here. The design is to take 
away above threescore thousand pounds of this charge, which 
will be all the pensions, most of the wages, and all the tables 
except ten dishes for the King and Queen, which are to eat 
together, and are estimated at twelve or thirteen thousand 
pounds a year ; the ten thousand four hundred pounds for the 
Duke of York is continued. The establishment of the stables is 
by the Duke of Albemarle's persuasion untouched, the music, 
chapel charge and some other general expenses make up the rest 
of what continues ; so on a sudden, above three hundred below 
stairs, most of which have families, are deprived of a livelihood, 
the splendour and dignity of the Court is taken away, and 
general discontent and murmuring occasioned hereby ; for though 
it's said the King will reimburse those who bought their places, 
that gives little satisfaction and will not repair the dishonour 
of cashiering many old servants well deserving. I wait 
an opportunity to be a little free with the King about it, 984 
(Lord Chancellor) seems to be much against it and it concerns 
961 (you) to bestir 640 (yourself) about it for believe it, 'tis 
the most unadvisable thing that was ever attempted and I 
think impracticable. I do not doubt yet if 962 (your Grace) 
would open yourself freely to 855 (the King) in the business 
against his coming back, the design which is whispered 431,947, 
(Lord Treasurer) and 669, 51, 86, 40 (Secretary Bennett) have 
the chief hand in may by a vigorous assistance of 326 (your) 484, 
39 (friends), which will all heartily concern themselves 
therein, be prevented, and certainly better ways may be 
projected and some charge abated even in the household with 
satisfaction upon this fright without a general over-turning, 
all which will be too dangerous and dishonourable. I know 
not w hy 961 (you) may not intercede as earnestly for those under 
326 (your) care as 964 (the Duke of Albemarle) did for those 
under 139 (his) and prevailed. Surely this is no time to level 
the Court, but rather to cure that humour in the people, and 
if it be fit the stable be well provided for, much more the 854, 
871 (the King and Queen and family). It is too much to say all 
in a letter, but certainly 961 (you) had never a better subject 
to insist on, wherein 962 (your Grace) is sure to have 264 
(Court), 692 (Council), 938 (Parliament) and the whole 213, 126, 
82 (kingdom) to assist 256 (you) and applaud and 637 (honour) 
256 (you) for it; therefore pray, 151 (my) 431 (Lord) appear 



79 

quickly and trust 151 (my) judgment once, and advise 571 
(the King) to resort herein to his 692 (Council) who will find 
better ways for 139 (his) 637 (honour) and 232, 133 (profit), 
as they are sworn. Your Grace will pardon my being so 
tedious; 896 (my) 611 (zeal) to 571 (the King) and 692 (your) 
637 (honour) and 808 (service) hath occasioned it. 

Postscript : — The King and Queen go to the Bath on Tuesday 
or Wednesday, and return not these three weeks. If your 
Grace's letters meet 571 (the King), then I hope they will have 
good effect. 

I cannot see Moor Park nor settle your Grace's accounts till 
the King be gone ; Sir Henry Wood and Mr. Fox promise to 
serve your Grace therein effectually, and I have gotten some 
insight into the business. 

My Lord Chancellor is gone into the country not to return till 
towards Michaelmas. Lord Bristol is thought yet to be in the 
kingdom. 

The three thousand beeves from Ireland will help well to 
keep up the tables. The adventurers here are so discouraged 
by proceedings in Ireland that they offer their adventures for 
105. in the pound of their principal money ; I apprehend much 
the consequences of such a dejection ; I hope they have no 
cause, but the fright and discontent they are in will do hurt. 

Addressed: — ^For your Grace, to be unciphered by yourself. 

Alderman James Buncb to Ormond. 

1663, August 22. London. — I most humbly thank your 
Grace for your noble acceptance of my last letter, and 
humbly beg the continuance of your favour, not doubting but 
that your Grace is very w^ell satisfied of my loyalty and 
sufferings, and will not think it amiss for me to petition His 
Majesty for his favour in any thing that may conduce to the 
good of his sacred Majesty and kingdoms ; therefore I am the 
more emboldened to implore your (trace's assistance in a suit 
which I have made unto His Majesty on my behalf and others 
as by a petition and reference thereupon, which will come 
to your Grace in Sir Henry Bennett's packet from His Majesty, 
and most humbly entreat that you will be pleased not only to 
give it a despatch, but to do me and the persons interested 
in it what lawful favour you can therein, and do hope that you 
will find it reasonable for that the King's Attorney, Solicitor 
and Surveyor General of England, upon the like petition for 
reliefs, heriots, year, day, and waste in England have approved 
it as a part of His Majesty's just and legal revenue, in doing 
whereof your Grace will be a means to lessen my sufferings 
and to shew the world that loyalty, however it be too much 
unregarded, may at one time or another meet with such as will 
be compassionate and helpful to it, which your Grace hath 
ever made it to be one of your principal cares, and putteth 
me into a confidence of all that your Grace can do for me 
therein. 



80 

James Buxcr to Sir Grorok Lane. 

1663, August 22. London. — Noble Sir: A petition coming 
from afar doth seldom obtain an audience or success without 
the help and mediation of some that may assist it therein, 
which being likely to be the case of a petition to His Majesty 
of Richard Chamberlaine, Esqr. , and WilHam Clapham, gent., 
sent unto his Grace my Tjord Duke of Ormond in Sir Henry 
]3ennett's packet from His ^lajesty, I that am concerned 
therein and some other persons my superiors, of great honour 
and loyalty in England, and therefore I do become an 
intercessor unto you that you will be pleased to do what 
favour and right you can to the petitioners and parties 
concerned therein, which we hope the business will deserve, 
because that another of the like nature in England being 
referred by His Majesty to the Attorney, Solicitor and Surveyor 
General of England, hath received their favourable certificate 
and approbation to be a just and legal part of the King's 
revenue and fit to be collected, which we hope it will not miss 
in Ireland, if it may receive your good assistance : and for your 
despatch therein there shall not be wanting the due 
acknowledgment and thankfulness of those honourable persons 
now in England concerned in it. 

Obmond to Earl of Anglesey. 

1663, August 22. Dublin . — Having yesterday received yours 
of the 15th inst., and that containing newer and more matter 
than a former, I shall only apply myself to the answering of it. 
You have freed me from the fear I had that the charge of 
advance and transportation would have made a hole in the stock 
designed us, but the Duke of York's four thousand pounds 
makes a considerable deduction and w-ill in so much disappoint 
our calculation. I wish your Lordship would consider how 
we might in some measure repair ourselves out of the subsidies 
charged upon Irish nobility residing in England ; if you believe 
any good can be done upon it you shall from hence have any 
assistance you shall desire. You will not need to recommend 
thrift to me in disposing of the money, for I do not intend 
any xionsiderable part of it shall be issued till I see some 
assurance of a settlement, or at least till you shall be come over. 

I had rather bear the importunities of pretenders than at 
such a time as this to be without money. I would be glad 
to know when and where the frigate shall attend to receive it, 
and I hope your Lordship will put it into good iron chests ; 
I have provided a place in the Castle for the keeping it. 

I have desired Sir James Ware to look into the Provost 
Marshal's patents, and he seems to be of opinion that they 
hold their men as well as their own pay during good behaviour : 
if it be so, I would be glad to have the King's order for 
retrenching them which you may send me to be made use of 
as shall be found fit. The other reductions I shall take into 
consideration before I leave the town. 



81 

I yet hear nothing of the farmers of the water duties, I hope 
they will come prepared with reasonable articles and very 
good security, the life of all depending upon that fund. 

The Act of Trade is under consideration of a Committee 
of the Board, who are to consider of it and report what they 
think may be done to prevent the inconvenience that may 
arise from it to this kingdom and to advance our trade. 
Notwithstanding what was said to you by Mr. Secretary Bennett 
a letter in the same words with that directed to me and the 
council was sent to the commissioners in favour of my Lord 
of Antrim, dated the 11th of this month, and undersigned 
by Mr. Secretary Morris. I have said so much on this 
subject to Mr. Secretary Bennett, and you will hear so much 
of it other ways, that I will spare you and myself. I have 
subscribed after your good example to the paper for the Earl 
of Tirconnell, but whether a proviso for his restitution shall 
be put into the new Act is matter of consideration, if any thing 
be so amongst you relating to Ireland. Having many more 
letters to write give me leave to end here. 

Endorsed : — Copy of my Lord Lieutenant's letter to the Earl 
of Anglesey. 

Earl of Anglesey to Ormond. 

1663, August 25. London. — ^We continue in great 
expectation of the new bill from thence, or some overtures that 
may give hope of settlement in that poor kingdom , and having 
had discourse with His Majesty about the desire which some 
of the commissioners have made for liberty to come into 
England, I find that it is not only his Majesty's, but the 
opinion of most that understand and wish well to his affairs, 
that those commissioners do rather remit of their own case 
and private accommodation than that by their coming over 
such jealousies and apprehensions be raised in that kingdom 
as may endanger or distress his Majesty's affairs and the 
settlement of that kingdom. If they cannot be persuaded 
to do all that the Act requires, yet there is work enough for 
them to do which must be previous to a settlement, upon the 
foundation of whatsoever Act it be carried on, whether new 
or old. Thus much I thought fit to intimate to your Grace. 

Yesterday a proclamation was brought by His Majesty to 
the council and passed for bringing in the Earl of Bristol to 
answer to somewhat criminal, but nothing mentioned of any 
particular crime, and His Majesty in council gave order to 
his counsel learned to proceed to a conviction of him for 
recusancy. His Majesty and the Queen go to-morrow as far 
as Maidenhead towards the bath. 

I send your Grace the Green Cloth account which I had from 

Mr. Fox. I find nothing in it concerning his brother's son's 

life being added in that office, which I have been informed 

should be five hundred pounds. Your Grace may inform 

Wt. 8878 F 



82 

me if anything be to be objected in that particular or any other. 
The last sum for the Queen's cook if the tables go down will fail. 
I am now labouring about your pension as bed-chamber man 
with my Lord Treasurer ; and am hastening the money away 
and shall give notice by the next, I believe, when a frigate must 
be sent to Chester for it. 

I expect Sir Daniel Bellingham daily who I intend shall take 
charge of the money. 

Earl op Anglesey to Ormond. 

1663, September 1. London. — I received your Grace's 
letters of the 22nd of the last month, but his Majesty's progress, 
which began presently after, hath superseded my applications 
for the present, and I must expect his return for despatch 
of what is yet unfinished of my negotiation; and when the 
new bill comes I shall be ready to observe your Grace's 
commands therein. 

I shall do what I can to repair out of the Lords' subsidies 
here what the Duke of York takes from the treasure designed 
for Ireland, but the Great Seal being now away, it cannot 
be done till my Lord Chancellor's return. 

Alderman Bakewell keeps me at uncertainty till the last 
day, for his twenty days are not out till to-morrow, and he hath 
yet paid none; but his time once elapsed, I shall give him 
no rest, and by the next post will advertise your Grace when 
the frigate shall attend. 

I know the Provost Marshal's men's allowance is in their 
patents also, yet his Majesty may disband them when ha hath 
no further use for them, and I beseech your Grace that and 
other retrenchments, whereof I gave you a note at my coming 
away, may be made, or debts will increase too fast. 

I hope the proposers for the water-duty are with your Grace 
before this time, and that it and the Inland Excise will be 
settled before Michaelmas; at least let the accounts be kept 
distinct from that day. 

I am glad the Board is upon consideration of the Act of 
Trade. 

I find now the business of my Lord of Antrim went 
the way your Grace mentions, Secretary Morris was little 
less than trepanned in it, and the cry here is so loud against 
that and other late proceedings of the Court of Claims that 
I wish some way may be timely considered to rectify what's 
amiss, and prevent for the future such arbitrary proceedings 
as are represented to have been. 

My Lord Tyrconnell is very earnest to have his name come 
thence in the new Act, and hearing ray Lord of Antrim is made 
innocent, he thinks now he is very hardly used if your Grace 
and my Lord Duke of Albemarle's as well as the King's favour 
be not made good to him. The King of France hath had 



S3 

Vercelles in Lorraine surrendered to him and is returned to 
Paris. We expect daily to hear news of the Turks besieging 
Vienna. 

• Postscript : — I hope if your Grace appear cordially about the 
tables they may yet be saved, and ways more honourable and 
advantageous for His Majesty proposed. I had some discourse 
with the King to that effect the day before he began his 
progress, and shall be prepared further for it against his return. 
The Archbishop of Canterbury* was installed yesterday at 
Lambeth ; we all were nobly entertained there. 

Earl of Anglesey to Ormond. 

1663, September 8. London. — I was last week to view 
Moor Park, which I find to be still the same sweet and pleasant 
seat I knew it before, and had a taste of the goodness of your 
Grace's venison. The house is neat and convenient for the 
bigness, but no way suitable to the largeness of your Grace's 
family, but very answ'erable to such starts of retirement as 
you will be able to make from Court. The gardens are 
extraordinary, full of delightful walks and fountains and 
terraces with covered walks for rainy weather, and I believe 
the very lead of the terraces and house is not less worth than 
j91,500. The Park is well wooded, but none to be spared 
for sale, yet may be valued at £1,500. 

There is one farm which your Grace will find in your 
particular at £46 a year, that was taken out of the Park, 
and being now as I understand out of lease will be fit to be 
joined to the Park again, and the whole land cannot be less 
w^orth than £6,500, so that though counting the interest of 
the money your Grace pays upon the matter £630 a year 
for your pleasure and convenience, yet you have no such hard 
bargain, but that if you should at any time be disposed to 
part with it again I durst undertake to procure you, but if your 
Grace will lay out somewhat in building and make it a residence 
for your family, there is land enough near it to be sold. The 
Park is set out into walks shaded with trees set in rows, and 
there is a fair brick lodge, that hath the prospect of most of the 
Park and country, and may be «een at the end of a long walk 
out of your dining room window, in fine, w^hen you will refresh 
yourself for a few days with the country air, your Grace cannot 
do it anywhere better, and the way will hold you but two hours 
or little more riding. It is an inclosed country and so not the 
best for hawking or hunting, though passable for both, but there 
is excellent brook hawking which I think your Grace takes 
pleasure in ; and Sir Eichard Franklin likes the place so well 
that though he hath sold your Grace the best, he is building 
for himself upon some other ground within sight of your pale. 
I know the place will please my Lady Duchess well, though 
there be no such rooms as at Dunmore. I have been this day 

♦Sheldon. 



84 

again to speak with Mr. Phillips about the estate and settlement 
of the land as your Grace directed me, but he is yet out of 
town though expected to-morrow ; when he comes I shall speak 
with him also about the £1,000 which Sir John Nea presseth 
to have paid, and Bonfoye seems to have not just pretence to. 
The Court is still at Bath. The 17th of this month His 
Majesty goes to Oxford. The Turk prevails much in Germany, 
and letters full of apprehensions and fears came last post 
from Hamburg, Dantzig, and the rest of the Hans towns, 
as if they should be all over run by them. About half the 
money is already paid by Alderman Bakewell this week. 
I hope for the rest, but will not move your Grace for a frigate 
to Chester till it be upon its march. 

Ormond to Earl of Anglesey, 

1663, September 9. Dublin. — I have yours of 18th, 22nd, 
and 25th August before me, and shall say something to all that 
requires answer in this little paper. The Explanatory Bill 
is at length agreed on at the Board, and will I hope this day 
be under the Seal and put into the hands of Colonel Jefifreys, 
who will go directly with it to the King and leave it in the 
hands of Mr. Secretary Bennett that it may as soon as is 
possible receive the approbation or amendment of His Majesty 
and the council there. I shall say no more of it than that 
I think the better of it because I find it pleases not the more 
violent of English or Irish. A copy of it and of our letter 
accompanying it shall be sent by Mr. Secretary Davys. 

The Commissioners think not fit to proceed in setting out 
any land for the fort of Duncannon as yet ; their reasons are 
too long to be now writ and too hard for my understanding. 
You may be sure whenever it shall be care will be had of your 
concernments. 431, 904, is more busy in his intelligence 
than careful of writing truly or wisely ; I am in reference to 
the matter he writ of just in the temper you left me and will 
find me. 

It is long since I sent the list I told you of to the King with 
those remarks you advise, and since then there have been 
alterations for the better. I shall not take notice of the 
discourse of 898 without your leave, but when I have that 
I will and perhaps to his trouble. I would the money were 
here, for I see it will not grow in rolling. As soon as the frigate 
and yacht can get hither they shall have order to get to Chester, 
and receive it after the division that shall be appointed by the 
person that shall have charge from you of it. 

The propositions made by Dodson here in behalf of Morris, 
from whom he produces a letter of Attorney, are under the 
consideration of a committee of the Board, but they say that 
unless he shall depart from some of them, that branch of the 
revenue may be as uncertain as to the proportion and payment 
when it is farmed as now, and then it will be best to keep 
it as it is. I doubt whether yours, Mr. Secretary Bennett's 



85 

letter, or the attested Order of Council be warrant enough 
for the farming that duty, and therefore I desire you would 
send us a letter, formally under the King's hand, wherein the 
council's advice may be mentioned to do it. You receive 
herewith the proceedings in my Lord of Antrim's case ; I do 
not see what now can be done to remedy what is done. 

I have writ to the King, I hope as becomes me, concerning 
the intended dissolving of his House. I am sure it is a matter 
of more moment than to be done without serious deliberation 
and invincible necessity, and I am sure my own concernment 
leads me not to this belief. 

Some of the commissioners have been ear-nest with me 
without warrant from the King to give them leave to go into 
England, but I have excused myself, and shall ; but if there 
were such warrant there would a quorum be left, and that 
of those most in the good graces of the English. 

I shall take time at Kilkenny, w^hither I am going to-morrow, 
to write to you of my affair of Steward, but I shall desire 
your Lordship to take care of my purchase, that the former 
owner may have the remain of his money at his day by 
engaging the place to some other for it, for I know no 
other way for the present to do it. I hope you may be 
ready to return with the new bill ; I assure you you are 
much wanted and will be very welcome. 

Postscript : — Sir Daniel Bellingham and other good 
company went hence on Sunday last ; the weather has since 
been so ill that we are in fear of them. He reckons the 
money laid out by Sir Thomas Vyner to ±18,000. 

Endorsed: — A copy of my Lord's to the Earl of Anglesey, 
dated the 9th September, 1663. 

Earl of Anglesey to Ormond. 

1663, September 12. London. — I have at length spoken 
with Mr. Phillips, your Grace's counsel, and as for the 
estate of Moor Park, I do find it so settled that your Grace 
may convey it in what manner and to whom you please, 
notwithstanding the incumbrance to Sir Eichard Franklin, 
which the second payment being made will be discharged. 
I have also searched into the difference between Sir John Key 
and Mr. Bonfoye concerning the thousand pounds payable by 
your Lordship, and do not think it safe for your Grace to pay it 
till it be determined in Chancery (for which end your Grace's 
bill is ready) who shall have it, and that may be done next term. 
Mr. Buck, who is going hence, will inform your Grace farther. 
I hope your Lordship will pardon me if I now become an 
humble suitor to your Grace concerning my cousin Boyd, 
understanding that he is one of those now appointed to be 
tried. I am sorry that he did not ingenuously cast himself 
on your Grace's goodness and clemency kt first by a free 
confession, but failing therein and discovering nothing till 



86 

I perBuaded him to open himself fully to your Grace, and having 
by that means, besides the discovery of other offenders, brought 
himself within the reach of the law, when I urged him to it 
as the only way to mercy, though I hate his crime, I have 
some trouble upon me that my persuasion should seem to 
have drawn his ruin upon him, and should receive it as a 
special obligation if I may obtain his pardon and freedom 
from trial, and do hope he will redeem himself in the service 
of his whole life to His Majesty and your Grace. I know 
your Grace is as much troubled as I that any British should 
engage in such foul designs or conceal them. 

Postscript : — I hope the saving my cousin Boyd will do 
good and no hurt, which makes me the more earnest for your 
Grace's clemency towards him. 

Sir Daniel Bellingham arrived here this evening. I am 
glad he gave your Grace full satisfaction before he came away. 



Egbert Southwell to Sm George Lane. 

1663, September 17. Kinsale. — I received yours of the 
sixth of September from Sir Joseph Throckmorton with drder 
to pay unto him fourscore pounds, which I paid him the ninth 
day, and do here enclosed return you an acquittance for the 
same, and the rest of that money being £2&9 18s. Od., shall 
be ready to be paid at sight whenever my Lord Duke or yourself 
shall appoint the payment thereof, and I beseech you to 
present my most humble thanks unto his Grace that he is 
pleased to accept of this small service from me and to be so 
well satisfied with it, and I humbly beseech you to favour 
me so far as to assure his Grace that whilst I live I shall 
faithfully obey his commands and that nothing can rejoice 
me more than to receive them frequently from him, and I 
know my son will be the same [whils]t he lives, and we 
should be very much forfeited in ourselves if we did not reckon 
an hereditary right that we have unto his Grace's service, 
and faithfully endeavour on all occasions to pay the same. 

Earl of Anglesey to Ormond. 

1663, September 17. London. — I did in my last letter 
become an humble suitor to your Grace in behalf of my cousin 
Boyd upon grounds that press me still, and indeed how much 
soever I abhor such designs and designers against His Majesty 
and the peace of the kingdom, yet I account it some misfortune 
upon me in the discoveries that have been made that 
Mr. Boyd's ruin is fixed upon my persuasions to him to confess 
all ingenuously, "when I told him 'twas his only way to obtain 
mercy, which I found your Grace not backward to afford him, 
and he having at my instance discovered all he knew whereby 
his life and fortune is in His Majesty's dispose, I hope and 
beseech your Grace w^ill have compassion upon him, his wife 



87 

and children, and engage him (who is a sober, fair, conditioned 
man, however unfortunately made privy to such a treasonable 
design) to spend all his days in faithful serving His Majesty 
in the redeeming himself from the guilt of what is past. 
I beg your Grace's pardon for my importunity, which I am 
drawn into by the desire I had to serve His Majesty and 
your Lordship in drawing him to a free confession. 

IPostscript.^ Sir Daniel Bellingham came safe the last 
week, and shall be hastened back with the money. I received 
yesterday your Grace's of the 9th, which I shall answer by 
the next. 

Earl of Anglesey to Ormond. 

1663, September 19. London. — Though I have received 
your Grace's letter of the 9th instant, I intended not to have 
written anything in answer till Tuesday post, but that Colonel 
Jeffreys arriving here this evening, and having left his charge 
at Court, I thought fit to signify so much to your Grace, and 
that by letter from Captain Booth I find the Harp frigate 
attends for the money in Chester water, which will go hence 
within few days, I having taken order for convoys and all 
things needful, and have directed Captain Rooth in the 
meanwhile to attend His Majesty's other service, for the 
money will be fourteen days going. 

Endorsed: — Received 30th September, 1663, at Kilkenny. 



Earl of Anolksey to Ormond. 

1663, September 22. London. — I received your Grace's 
letter of the 9th of this month, and Colonel Jeffreys is since 
arrived with the bill, but I had no copy sent me by 
Mr. Secretary Davys as your Grace intimated I should, though 
I have obtained it otherwise. I will not take upon me at 
first reading to give any opinion of it, but I believe the English 
will think themselves safer in the Lord Lieutenant and 
council's hands for their concernment, where the bill lodgeth 
the interest of the Irish that are to be received to grace, having 
no more to come under the experimented judicature of the 
present commissioners. 

I am satisfied with what your Grace writes concerning the 
lands to be set out to the fort of Duncannon, and, if I chance 
not to be there when it is done, rely on your Grace's care of me. 

I think it will not be convenient for your Grace to take 
notice of 898 discourse, because I contradicted him in it before 
company, but it is very likely he will be at it again, and then 
I shall desire instances or intimation of it under his hand, 
which he said he would give me if need were. 

The money goes away this week under the charge of one 
Greene, whom I send with it. 



88 

I wrote lately to your Grace about the farm proposed for 
by Morris and Dodson, and when the King comes, which 
wdll be on Tuesday next, I shall get licences under his royal 
signet by advice of the council, as your Grace requires. 

I gave your Grace notice that the bills for the Castle Chamber, 
Customs, and Excise were passed here and are engrossing, yet 
I see your Grace and the council's letters to Mr. Secretary 
Bennett takes no notice thereof, but it shall serve to quicken 
the despatch of them, and no doubt all will be there by the 
17th of November, to which day the Parliament is prorogued. 

What success we shall have at the King's return that advise 
against dissolving of his household your Grace shall be 
informed ; I am sure it is generally disliked that such a thing 
is intended. 

I am endeavouring to get money for your Grace's second 
payment of your purchase, that the former owner may have 
his money at the day. And though I know not how soon 
the new bill will be despatched, yet when your Grace shall 
command my return I shall not stay much longer here. 

Earl of Anglesey to Ormond. 

1663, September 28. Parke Hall. — The money being now 
gone from London towards Chester and Sir Daniel Bellingham 
hastening after it, I thought jBit to mind your Grace of one 
thing which will be necessary to be provided for in the contracts 
to be made w-ith the farmers of the customs and the farmers 
of the excise, and that is, that the moneys for the customs and 
excise within the port and city of Dublin and county of the 
same, be paid in to the Treasury weekly or monthly at least as 
it comes in, and that none of it be made use of by the farmers ; 
without this be done there will never be any ready money 
for concordatums or other urgent occasions, or for your Grace's 
own entertainments. I have charged Sir Daniel to mind your 
Grace also hereof, and if Sir Paul Davies have charge from 
your Grace, to remind you thereof when those farms pass it 
will be the surer done, and indeed it is of absolute necessity. 
The King is expected at London on Thursday next, and then 
1 shall also return thither. 

Earl of Anglesey to Ormond. 

1663, October 6. Drury Lane, London. — About three 
weeks since, upon the notice we had of Mr. Boyd's trial coming 
on, I presumed to write to your Grace a few lines concerning 
him, but intimation being come from Dublin that it's much 
doubted that week's packet is cast away, I do again renew 
your Lordship's trouble by remembering your Grace that the 
morning I left Dublin, upon my earnest dealing with him, 
and intimating it to be the safest way, I wrought him to an 
ingenuous confession of persons and things, and it is now some 
trouble to me if his condemnation arriveth from what h^ 



89 

confessed only at my persuasion and advice. I am therefore 
an humble suitor to your Grace for mercy to be extended 
towards him, being confident he will meritoriously redeem 
his guilt for the future. I am the more solicitous in his 
behalf because I understand my Lord Mount Alexander, who 
would have also interceded for him and gave him hope of 
pardon, is lately dead. I submit all to your Grace with this 
confidence, that very good use may be made of Mr. Boyd if 
he be suffered to live, and it's questionable whether his death 
will be of any advantage. 

Earl of Anglesey to Ormond. 

1663, October 6. London. — I have since the King's return 
attended him, according to your Lordship and the council's 
directions, about the several particulars of your Lordship's 
letters of the 9th of the last month. I believe to-morrow we 
shall take most of them up at council, and 854 (the King) assured 
me that the business of 431 (Lord), 186, 40, 165, 26 (Antrim) 
shall be left to the 692 (council) w^here when it is stated. 
I doubt it will appear 462 (very) 46, 64, 42, 78 (foul). But 
to put the fairer gloss upon 211 (it) some have endeavoured 
too boldly to asperse 961 (your Grace). 896 (Anglesey Earl) 
gave 962 (you) some hint thereof before, but now 21 (I) 78, 
40 (let) 256 (you) know it's insinuated by 186, 41, 165, 27, 39 
(Antrim's) friends that 961 (your Grace), though he joined 
openly with 293 (the) 692 (council) against 280 (him), yet 
underhand 256 (you) did 139 (his) business, and that 962 
(your) letters hither will shew it. 896 (Anglesey Earl) 
apprehends such intimations are levelled rather to do 961 (your 
Grace) 138, 35, 40 (hurt) than him 348 (good), though 962 
(your) 637 (honour) is too well known for such aspersions 
to be believed, and yet I must not conceal from your Grace if 
21 (I) mistake not, in discourse of this affair yesterday with 
855 (the King) , he seemed to apprehend as if 961 (you) had been 
somewhat surprised in this business. I could not tell what to 
imagine by it unless 854 (the King) had been shewed something 
either in 961 (your) own hand, which might be strained to their 
mind, or under 573 (Lady) 186, 41, 165, 26, 39 (Antrim's) 
68, 28, 12 (hand) as 896 (Anglesey Earl) did, wherein 239 (she) 
did too grossly express that 961 (your Grace) advised 140 (her) 
the way they took, and which succeeded as 539 (yourself) 
knows, though 961 (you) would not appear publicly 200 (for) 
389 (them). I know not yet what will become of the business. 
I am sure it makes a 80, 42, 12 (loud) 124, 46 (cry) 350 (here) 
as well as 459 (there). And whatever 962 (your) mind is in 
it, which 896 (Anglesey Earl) guesseth as well from 326 (your) 
510 (own) as 573 (Lady) Duchess 78, 104, 35, 39 (letters), 
which 22 (I) 351 (have) seen, and those 962 joined with the 692 
(council) 212 (in), I think it were good 854 (the King) had 
it from 540 (yourself), and as 21 (I) have advised 571 (the King) 
w^hatever be done in it, I would have it the 49, 41 (act) of 



90 

246, 692 (council. 941 (Queen mother) hath drawn on 314 
(this) 688 (business), and spoke earnestly to 82 (me) about it, 
when 239 (she) understood 896 (I) had directions from 996 (you) 
and 243 (the) 692 (council) about it, which 186, 40, 165, 26, 
37 (Antrim's) 484, 39 friends did by information, I believe, 
from 139 (his) 573 (lady) before 22 (I) did, for some of them 
told 896 (me) such letters were 106 (to) 194, 13 (come) to 82 
(me) before 21 (I) had them. 326 (your) nephew 68, 83, 24, 
106, 28, Hamilton hath heard enough of the like reports. 
21 (I) charged 280 (him) to write to 962 (you) what he heard 
and knew, which I hope he did. I have wearied your Grace 
by this time, I shall defer other matters till the next post. 
Lord Chief Justice Forster is dead. Newhansell, in Hungary, 
is said to be taken by Turks. The mote at Tangier goes 
on apace. My Lord Siviott is now here, he hath gained 
300 hundred acres of land about the city by treaty, and laid 
in good store of hay this summer. Sir Richard Fanshaw is 
appointed Ambassador for Spain, and is sworn of the council. 
I am glad my Lady Chesterfield is safe landed after our fears 
of her. I hope Sir Daniel Bellingham and the money will be 
wdth your Grace as soon as this, he went hence yesterday to 
overtake the money at the water side, where both the Mary and 
Harp attended it. My Lord Mount Alexander's sudden death 
will, I believe, call for your Grace's help in his children's 
behalf ; here are divers competitors for his place. Lord Kildare., 
Sir Robert Byron, etc. It will deserve an able man, which we 
should principally aim at ; I believe nothing will be done till 
the King hear from your Grace. 

Postscript: — The new bill will, I believe, be entered upon 
to-morrow. I hear 571 wonders 961 hath not sent 326 
opinion upon it. 

I have advised about a letter for some of the English arrear 
land, which will, I believe, come this post to your Grace in 
behalf of my Lord Fitzharding, w^ho is your faithful servant. 

Addressed: — ^For your Grace, to be unciphered with your 
own hand. 

Earl of Anglesey to Ormond. 

1663, October 13. London. — I have little to say (not 
having heard from your Grace since the 9th of last month) 
but that the new bill is at a stand, by your Grace's desire, till 
some additions you resolved upon at Kilkenny come over, 
and I find that opposition prepared by the Irish, and such as 
they can incline to favour them, that neither this nor any 
other bill that may give hopes of a settlement will be of easy 
passage unless your Grace do, by your letters to His Majesty 
and others, urge with some earnestness the necessity thereof, 
as your Grace upon the place will find most cause to do. 
I hope mine of the sixth of this month is with your Grace 
by this time, and the treasure which with Sir Daniel 
Bellingham went to sea the 10th inst. The Queen hath been 



91 

very ill and let blood twice or thrice ; it's hoped this day she is 
upon the mending hand. The tables at Court are now 
absolutely gone, except ten dishes a meal for the King and 
Queen. Here is much competition for the General of the 
Ordnance's place, I wish my Lord of Arran had it, and I believe 
might durst I have adventured to move it without your Grace's 
leave. It hath been much doubted by some whether the 
Parliament would meet again at the day prefixed, but your 
Grace may be confident it will. 

Postscript : — Here is speech of plots and insurrections, but 
your Grace may be assured there will be none, and I wish 
there were less speech of them, but a dangerous book like 
that entitled Killing no Murder, was taken last week in the 
press; the author, said to be one Paul Hobson, a speaker. 
I send your Grace a taste of his venom, not being able to 
recover the whole pamphlet. 

Ormond to Earl of Anglesey. 

1663, October 14. Dublin. — I have several of yours that 
came to me while I w-as in my way to Kilkenny and there, 
and one I have received of the 6th instant since I came 
hither, which I have deciphered with my own hand as your 
Lordship desired. You will find by a transcript of part of a 
letter I writ to Sir Alan Brodrick from Kilkenny, that 
I had received notice of the reports raised there of my great 
kindness to my Lord of Antrim, and of the art 1 had used 
to serve him and deceive the council. I conceive the less 
credit will be given to it if it be remembered that I. need 
not have concealed my doing it, having had the King's warrant 
for it, and if it be considered I had no reason so much to 
apprehend my Lord of Antrim as to make private apologies 
and satisfactions to him for my public actings. However, 
I have by this post taken notice to the King of those reports, 
and besought him to receive my sense in that affair, out of 
what I have singly and jointly with the council writ to 
Mr. Secretary, and not from what may be said by those that 
take liberty to make me more cunning than I am or desire 
to be. • 

There have escaped us at the Board some material omissions 
as they are represented to me in the Act transmitted, such 
as I am made believe require amendment. They will be 
sent over by Sir Thomas Clarges the next post, and that they 
might not come too late I desired Mr. Secretary, in a letter 
I writ from Kilkenny, that too much haste should not be 
made with the bill there, which was perhaps an unnecessary 
caution if they hold their usual pace there. A committee 
are hard at work with Mr. Dodson concerning the farm of 
the customs ; if he prove as reasonable as you say Mr. Morris 
is, it may take effect. In the meantime I have this day 
signed an order for distinguishing the receipts, and for Dodson 's 
inspection into them by himself or such as he shall appoint. 



92 

Mr. Boyd's great fright is at least reprieved. I shall take 
care whatever becomes of him that he shall have no cause 
to repent his confession upon your advice to him, though he 
may his want of ingenuity when I invited him to it in so 
friendly a manner. For aught I hear neither my writing 
nor the instances of those that lie under less suspicion of 
interest, have been able to prevent the dissolving of His 
Majesty's household. I have now no more to trouble you 
with at this time. 

Postscript : — I desire your Lordship to satisfy my subsidy 
for me according to the adjoined letter. 

Endorsed : — A copy of my Lord's to the Earl of Anglesey. 



Egbert Lovelace, Mayor of Clonmbl, to John Walsh. 

1663, October 14. Clonmel. — Your brother, deputed to 
keep his Grace's courts under you, hath notified his intent 
to keep a court leet within the precincts of the corporation 
of Clonmel. I find it convenient to mind you of your promises 
the last year, viz., that what you did then should not be drawn 
into precedent for the future. A customary manor hath 
been held out of a manor, but a leet out of a leet was never 
yet reported. That we have a leet by prescription and 
charter, I am confident is not your doubt, and if you have it 
by prescription (which we have diligently enquired after, 
and cannot find it) we only desire you to make it appear. 
It is neither our interest nor desires to dispute any things 
with his Grace, whom we acknowledge the patron of our 
liberties; I only desire the privileges * of this town, whilst 
our charter remains, may inviolably be preserved. Your 
knowledge is such in the law, and the continual respect you 
have always manifested towards this Corporation, assures me 
you will be so far from intrenching on our rights, that you 
will lend a cheerful assistance towards the maintaining of them, 
and send your prohibition to your brother, to desist from any 
further proceeding therein, whereby you will infinitely oblige 
the Corporation, and particularly, Sir, etc. 

Endorsed : — From the Mayor of Clonmel. Received 
20th October, '63. 

Countess of Mountrath to Ormond. 

1663, October 16. I understand that by your 

Grace's decree I am barred of my dower, and that tlie 
sacrificing up my subsistence, which all laws so much 
favour will make peace. I will not believe I am so used 
in your Grace's government until I see your Grace's hand 
to it, and do so much tremble at the thoughts of it, that 
after I have said that I have brought my writs of dower, and 



93 

that nothing any flesh can do but my own acknowledging 
of a fine can bar me out of it, that whether the will be a 
good will or not, a good will doth not affect my dower. I shall 
be left to mourn that ever I came into this kingdom for justice, 
and do believe the King did not intend me such measure, 
and give me leave to add that all the lands but my dower 
will go to pay the debts, and now my dower is taken away ; 
I beseech your Grace I may be left to law for it, in regard 
none of the late traitors' wives are so used. I humbly remain, 
your Grace's most sorrowful servant, I. Mountrath. 

Earl of Anglesey to Ormond. 

1663, October 20. London. — Understanding by letters 
from Dublin that your Grace is returned thither, I thought 
fit to acquaint you, what I intimated before, that the new bill 
is at a stand here upon the expectation of some amendments 
and additions concluded on by your Grace at Kilkenny, upon 
debates taken up since the bill was transmitted hither. I do 
assure your Grace it is necessary they be hastened, for the 
bill gets no advantage by this long pause, there being more 
active to find or make faults than to justify the bill, and I must 
not forbear to inform your Grace that all the assistance and 
countenance your Grace can give, both by private letters 
and an open owning of it, will be needful to carry it through, 
the opposition continuing here and from thence against it, 
and how unpleasing a condition your Grace will have whilst 
that kingdom on design is kept in an unsettled estate, I need 
not mention, as on the other side, I little doubt but we shall 
improve the declaration of your Grace's mind for the settlement 
thereof, to a happy despatch of that which in all probability 
alone can do it. 

The King's letter to the commissioners, upon which my 
Lord of Antrim was judged innocent and restored, is printed 
here with wicked observations on it, and very injurious to 
His Majesty, and the title of the pamphlet is Murder will out. 
The printer nor author are not yet found. I believe to-morrow 
the whole business of that letter will be examined at council , 
which had been done before that scandalous pamphlet came 
out, but that the Queen's extreme sickness, hath kept the 
King this last fortnight much from council, but now Her 
Majesty is hoped to be on the mending hand. 

Sir William Compton, Master of the Ordinance, was at 
council on Friday last, and died of a dropsy and apoplexy, 
Sunday in the evening. All the plots talked of here come 
to nothing, and may they ever do so. I find Mr. Butler, of 
Lincoln's Inn, is diverted somewhat from his study by his 
perplexity about a debt of threescore pounds which was left 
unpaid when your Grace paid an hundred pounds towards his 
being steward during the principality at Lincoln's Inn, and 



94 

which he will never be able to recover out of his quarterly 
exhibition, which I thought fit to signify to your Grace, because 
I hear he is a hard student and fit to be encouraged. 

I believe I shall now get a day weekly at council added 
purposely for the business of Ireland. 

The last news I had of the money was that it was put into 
Beaumaris. I hope it is by this time safely arrived at Dublin. 

We have no news yet of Sir William Petty *s vessel since it 
left Dublin. 

Petition of Sir Adam Loftus and order thereon. 

Sheweth that your petitioner having had a grant from 
His Majesty's progenitors of blessed memory, of the Castle 
and Manor of Trim, long before the Rebellion of Ireland, 
and that your petitioner having lately expended a great 
deal of labour and charges in the repairing of* the said 
castle, and houses of ofiBce thereunto belonging, amounting to a 
great sum of money ; now so it is, may it please your Grace, that 
your petitioner is given to understand that about May last, your 
Grace was pleased to grant an order unto one Colonel Hamon , 
who then commanded a foot company at Trim aforesaid, to 
seize on the said castle and to keep his garrison therein, by 
virtue whereof the said Hamon accordingly seized thereon 
and made no other use thereof, only locked up the fore-street 
gates belonging to the said castle and left the back-gate 
wide open, whereby all the planks and floor beams of seven 
or eight lofts, together with the roof and other houses of 
oflSces belonging to the said castle, have been ruined and 
taken away, as well by some of the inhabitants of the said 
town as also by some of the said Hamon's company, who 
sold and disposed of part of the said timber to several of the 
inhabitants of the said town, before their being removed 
lately from thence into the town of Wicklow to garrison : 
by means whereof, and of their concealing of the key of the 
said castle, the same is totally ruined and destroyed, and 
your petitioner's agent obstructed from having any access to 
the same, whereby he might preserve what is yet undemolished 
thereof; May it therefore please your Grace to grant ypur 
order whereby your petitioner or his agent may have the 
possession of the said castle together with the key thereof, 
and also to require Mr. Robert Sill, Portreeve of Trim aforesaid, 
to make diligent search and enquire after such persons as 
were actors in the ruins and destruction of the said castle, 
and to return their names unto your Grace whereby they 
may be proceeded withal according to justice, and likewise 
to require the said Portreeve to seize on the said timber 
wheresoever the same may be found within his liberty, and 
to deliver the same over unto the custody and keeping of your 
petitioner or his said agent. And he will pray, etc. 



95 

Undated. Endorsed at foot : — 

Dublin Castle, 21 October, 1663. 

Upon consideration of this petition we are pleased that 
the possession of the castle therein mentioned, and the 
key thereof, be delivered to the petitioner or his agent 
for the petitioner's use, whereof all persons whom it may 
concern are to take notice ; And the Portreeve of the town 
of Trim is to make enquiry what persons took away any 
of the timber belonging to the said castle, and where any 
of it can be found to seize thereon and deliver it to the 
petitioner's agent, and return a list of the persons names 
that took away the same. 

Ormond to Sir Henry Bennett. 

1663, October 22. Dublin. — Sir Thomas Clarges, knight, 
a member of this Board, being now to repair thither, I have 
thought fit by him to send you this despatch. Since the 
joint letters from me and the council of the 19th of September 
last; directed to you, and accompanying the Act then transmitted 
hence thither according to the usual form under His Majesty's 
Great Seal, entitled, ** An Act for the explaining of some 
doubts arising upon an Act entitled an Act for the better 
execution of His Majesty's gracious declaration for the 
settlement of his kingdom of Ireland, and satisfaction of the 
several interests of adventurers, soldiers, and other his subjects 
there, and for making some alterations of and additions unto 
the said Act for the more speedy and effectual settlement of 
the said kingdom," some particulars have been thought of 
here as necessary alterations and additions to be inserted in 
that intended Act, and are conceived may be as for the 
advantage of His Majesty's service and the satisfaction of 
several interests concerned in the said Act, so for facilitating 
the passing thereof in both Houses of Parliament here, as 
will more fully appear to you upon your perusal of those 
alterations and additions, and the marginal notes thereupon, 
which contain some of the reasons inducing such alterations 
and additions ; in which particulars the Earl of Anglesey and 
Sir Thomas Clarges are fully instructed, and it is left to their 
care to satisfy His Majesty in the reason of them or any other 
matters that shall occur relating to the Act or those alterations, 
and I have consulted some of His Majesty's judges and other 
members of this council, and His Majesty's learned counsel 
here, concerning these several alterations and additions, which 
are pinned in several places wherein they may aptly be 
inserted (if His Majesty shall so judge fit) in the copy of the 
said Act herewith sent you. 

There is also now sent you another copy of the said Act 
wherein all those alterations and additions are comprehended, 
which is sent you to this end that if His Majesty shall approve 
of them the Act may be engrossed and prepared for the Seal 
there, out of that copy so sent you to prevent any mistaking 



96 

that may happen in transcribing the Act there out of the 
copy wherein those papers are pinned. 

This way of despatching the business there I have chosen 
thus humbly to offer, in regard in the retransmission of the 
Act from thence hither those things, if inserted, will appear 
but as alterations and additions by His Majesty thought fit 
to be made there, as is usually done, rather than to make a 
new formal transmission from hence of an Act formerly 
transmitted, which is not usual. All which I humbly submit 
to His Majesty's excellent judgment. 

Ormond to Earl of Anglesey. 

1663, October 23. Dublin. — Sir Thomas Clarges carries 
with him such amendments of the new Act, transmitted under 
the Seal by Colonel Jeffreys, as we wish His Majesty would 
cause to be inserted when it shall be returned to us. 
Sir Thomas having been of all committees to whom the 
consideration of the Act and of the amendments was referred, 
he will be able to shew the reasons inducing them, and I 
conceive will be of good use to your Lordship upon all occasions 
w^hen you shall find it fit to confer with him. You are very 
shortly to expect some agents from the aggrieved part of the 
Irish, to whose going as it was not thought fit to give any 
interruption, so they go without any countenance. If His 
Majesty shall admit of argument to be made and answered 
as long as lawyers shall desire it, and find matter for it, he 
will find trouble and the settlement of the kingdom delay more 
than enough, but that there may be danger, and that there 
will certainly be inconvenience if the settlement shall be 
retarded, is, I hope, so well understood there that all superfluity 
of discourse will be cut off, and the Act so transmitted that 
it may pass. 

I have also by Sir Thomas Clarges sent you a new 
Establishment to be imparted to Mr. Secretary Bennett and 
presented to His Majesty's consideration and signature. 
I conceive it is the custom and may be convenient that it 
should receive the approbation of the Board there. If they 
can think of anything now that may be saved, I shall be 
glad of it. I say nothing of the particulars, but leave them 
to your observation when you shall have read it over. 

Endorsed : — Copy of my Lord Duke's letter to the Earl of 
Anglesey. 

Earl of Anglesey to Ormond. 

1663, October 27. London. — I have received your Grace's 
letter of the 14th of this month with the papers enclosed, 
but 'tis so near the post's going away that I have scarce time 
to say more, yet I must not omit to acquaint your Grace that 
yesterday His Majesty and council spent the afternoon entirely 
upon my Lord of Antrim's business, for which it was appointed. 



97 

I got all the papers and letters I had from your Lordship and 
the council upon that subject read, which, with what was 
added otherwise, gave so clear a prospect of that affair that it 
was moved strongly that the whole cause might be re-examined 
in Ireland, and if, as the informations import, the major part 
of the commissioners judged him innocent upon His Majesty's 
letter against evidence, they are like to be without excuse for 
breach of oath and the duty of judges, the King's letter being 
only grounded upon what is therein mentioned, and cannot 
justify other actions or done in other times ; but the Board 
being informed that three of the four commissioners that 
judged for my Lord of Antrim were landed, it was judged 
but reasonable that they should be heard in justification of 
themselves and the decree before we gave any resolution 
against it, and accordingly ordered. Your Grace's certificates 
for my Lord Dungan, etc., were urged to justify the King's 
letter, but the differences were cleared to the Board, and 896 
(Anglesey Earl) did not spare to vindicate your Grace and the 
council that evidence was not sooner sent over, the cause 
depending only properly in the Court of Claims, and your Grace's 
certificates were shewed to be only matter of fact within your 
Grace's sole knowledge for the most part, and could not in 
justice be denied ; yet that in cases where other evidence 
over balanced for matters not within your certificates, the 
commissioners had judged against them. I assure your Grace ^ 
the Board were fully satisfied your Grace and the council of 
Ireland had done their parts faithfully, and unless the 
commissioners when they can come can clear themselves from 
having judged in virtue of the King's letter against positive 
evidence, the best of the Board will, I believe, hardly think 
them fit for judicature there or here, and the justice of the 
rest of their proceedings will be very much questioned. The 
blemish some endeavoured to cast on your Grace in this affair 
is now fallen upon themselves, and your Grace appears the 
person all might know you to be, above reproach. 
I shall take care for your Grace's subsidy. 

The additions to the bill are much wanted and, now Monday 
is appointed a constant day for Irish affairs, should be hastened. 

Here is discourse of agents coming for the Irish, which I 
believe will draw over some also for the English. I doubt 
the bill will hold me here beyond my licence, unless your 
Grace and the council will have me leave it, which I believe 
you will not, and therefore before my time expire I desire 
your Grace, if I must stay, that Sir George Lane may prepare 
a new warrant to my Lord Chancellor to renew my licence of 
absence when the present expires. 

Mr. Secretary Bennett shewing me the letter sent under His 
Majesty's signet, concerning the farming of the customs and 
port excise, I found it was sent very lame, no mention being 
therein of the term nor security, but he told me he had referred 
to my letters, and I remember I wrote formerly that the term 

Wt. 8878 G 



98 

* 

was to be six years, and the security is referred to your Lordship 
and the Board with the conditions also, and your Lordship 
will have a like power speedily for the hearth money. I beseech 
your Lordship that commissions and instructions may be 
prepared in time for the remaining subsidies, for the people 
are so slow in paying that no time had need be slipt above. 

Here is yet no news of Sir William Petty's vessel. The 
Turks prevail still in Hungary, having taken many places. 

The Queen continues still ill though supposed to mend; 
she raves pleasantly, among the rest tells the King she hath 
brought him a fine boy, and this day asked him when it should 
be christened. The King of France sent one of low condition, 
such as a privy chamber man in ordinary, to visit the Queen, 
which is a little wondered at when my Lord Mandeville was 
sent in his sickness. 

Earl of Anglesey to Ormond. 

1663, October 28. London. — Sir Nicholas Armorer's going 
saves me the labour of writing more than to let your Grace 
know that he is a real servant of yours, and as such will, I am 
sure, be ready to acquaint you with all passages and the state of 
things here. I am glad to hear by my Lord Muskerry that 
the money is landed at Dublin. I hope some of it will lie 
safe in the Castle for all accidents. 

Ormond to Earl of Anglesey. 

1663, October 28. Dublin. — The two last posts have brought 
me yours of the 13th and 20th of this month ; of all your former 
letters I have given you an account and some answers to them. 
I do not doubt but that much opposition will be given to the 
return of the bill transmitted, as well by the Irish as by those 
that make advantage of such contentions whilst the opportunity 
lasts. I could explain myself if I were upon the place and 
would, but at this distance it would be fruitless, and would 
create me more ill-will than may be for my quiet. I have 
earnestly and often represented the necessity of some and 
that a speedy settlement, but I have not been so positive in 
defence of all the parts of the bill transmitted, because I know 
my want of skill to be such as may mislead me, especially 
in computations in which the reasonableness of the hope of that 
bill does principally consist, and it is possible that provisoes 
in favour of particular persons may have been too readily 
admitted in the other Act, and may justly and fitly receive 
correction in this. But still the danger and damage of delay 
is most visible, and will therefore I hope be prevented; 
whatever shall become of other particulars, I know your 
Lordship will be watchful that no alteration be admitted to 
the King's disprofit, but that if on the contrary you can think 
of anything that may justly and honourably advance it, you 
will offer it. You know how far the revenue will be short 



99 

of the charge after all reducements and improvements, and 
how little help the Treasury here is to expect out of England, 
though I conceive we have now as good warrant as can be 
given us to set the water duties to farm, and doubt not but 
it will be found best so to do ; yet, to be sure that we go upon 
safe grounds, we hold it fit to make a very strict enquiry how 
much hath come clear into the Exchequer, all charges and 
losses deducted, lest we may hereafter be told we had done 
amiss, and had direction in matters relating to the revenue 
to suspend execution and represent oiu* sense. 

I hope your Lordship is thinking how to pawn Moor Park 
for the satisfaction of Sir K. Franklin at his day. If any 
authority from me be necessary, I beseech you let it be sent 
me and it shall be returned perfected. 

Earl op Chesterfield to Ormond. 

1663, November 2. Bretby. — Suddenly after giving of 
your Lordship a trouble of this nature from Holyhead, I was 
much surprised with the hot alarm of Her Majesty's most 
dangerous sickness, which I thought would have obliged me 
to go directly for London, but meeting the certain news of 
Her Majesty's perfect recovery, I think my own occasions 
will keep me here three or four days, where my little daughter 
is my best company. I take the liberty by this bearer to 
send your Lordship a perspective glass, which was thought 
one of the best in the world. Your Lordship may try it either 
with two glasses or six, which shows four miles compass at 
once. If the glasses are misplaced. Sir [William] Petty can 
easily rectify them. I also send your Lordship a little hand 
glass made by the same master. 

Copy. 

Ormond to Earl op Anglesey. 

1663, November 2. Dublin. — Since Buck arrived here, 
I find that of the 5,000Z remaining due to Sir Richard Franklin 
only 3,5001 is to be paid him in present, and that 1,500/ is 
to be detained till some kind of incumbrance in reference to 
the King shall be taken off. He has not well expressed, 
or I not well understood, the nature of the incumbrance, but 
I conceive it is well known to Mr. Phillips. This I thought 
not amiss to inform you of. I desire your Lordship would 
enquire whether the payment of a pension to my Lord Dillon 
out of the Exchequer there be not suspended with other 
pensions placed upon any good fund, because a friend of mine 
is upon the purchase of it. I hope Sir Thomas Clarges is 
gotten to you and that the bill is in good forwardness. The 
Parliament stands again prorogued from the 17th of this month 
to the 12th, as I think, of January ; by that time I hope it will 
be returned to us so as to pass. 



100 

Having given the last week to the cosideration of provisoes, 
and sat hard at council, I am this morning going to refresh 
myself at Maddenstown till the end of the week. Having 
also put the drawing up of articles for the farm of the 
customs to Mr. Harvey and his partners for 55,000Z into the 
hands of a fit committee, and this we conceive we are not 
only warranted but obliged in duty to do. We were hardly 
brought to believe it to be best for the King to farm it, when 
we saw that the whole proceed of that duty came to 57,000/ 
the last year, but when we considered the deductions and the 
great uncertainty of the seasonable coming in of the remain, 
we were convinced that farming is better, though it was not 
forgot it is a growing revenue. The security and conditions 
are all that remain to be adjusted. 

Endorsed : — A copy of the letter to the Earl of Anglesey. 

Earl of Anglesey to Ormond. 

1663, November 3. London. — ^Within these four days 
I have received your Grace's three letters, two of the 23rd and 
one of the 28th of October, to which I shall give such answer 
as 1 can for the present, the meeting of the council for Irish 
affairs having been put off yesterday, but Sir Thomas Clarges 
being now arrived and the commissioners near at hand, and 
Mr. Solicitor recovered, I hope all matters which are unfinished 
will be proceeded in, as your Grace rightly observes 'tis high 
high time. 

Concerning the contents of your Grace's first letter, which 
I received on Saturday by my Lord Carlingford, I have dealt 
with Mr. Vyner, but as it is therein proposed for 500Z to be 
advanced here, to be repaid there by my Lord Caulfeild 
out of the money for Charlemont if that contract go on, or 
payment to be secured for so much by his Lordship if that 
contract proceed not, I could not prevail, but if your Grace 
will order it so that five hundred pounds with the exchange 
may be paid there by my Lord Caulfeild or otherwise to Sir 
Daniel Bellingham, my Lord Carlingford, according as I know 
your Grace intends, shall be furnished upon notice thereof 
with five hundred pounds here as your Grace directs, and in 
the meanwhile I will take care he shall not be distressed. 
He speaks fair of Irish affairs, and if his Lordship's actions 
be not suitable, your Grace shall know it, but I hope he wishes 
well to settlement. 

The second letter, with the new drafts of the Establishment, 
both civil and military, I received this day by Sir Thomas 
Clarges' man, and when I have noted the differences or changes 
from the former, shall communicate with, and proceed by 
Mr. Secretary Bennett as your Grace directs, and transmit 
my opinion to your Grace, if there be cause. 

As to your Grace's concernment in the second payment for 
Moor Park, touched upon in your Grace's of the 28th of 
October, which I received yesterday, I have been so mindful 



101 

of yonr Grace's desire therein, that Sir Thomas and Mr. Vyner 
(who can make much more advantage by otherwise turning 
their moneys) have, to continue their forwardness to serve 
your Grace, consented to lend your Grace five thousand pounds, 
which is the sum due upon the security of Moor Park for 
six months, and in order thereunto I must desire your Grace's 
authority and direction to Mr. PhiUips your Grace's counsel, 
or who else is intrusted with your Grace's conveyances, to 
perfect a security to them for the money, and because they 
cannot spare the money longer than for six months, your 
Grace is against that time to provide to pay the money there 
with allowance for exchange, or here without. I beg your 
Grace's speedy direction herein. 

Matters are so ill minded here that this day I was fain to go 
to Mr. Solicitor's and give direction for an amendment in 
the Explanatory Bill of Customs and Excise, which was passed 
about six weeks ago, and not at all advanced in when I called 
for it, to be transmitted with other engrossed bills, which 
I hope shall go all away together next week. 

I shall by the next send some copies of the additional 
bill here for hearth money as your Grace and the council 
commands, and hasten all I can the despatch of affairs 
committed to my trust. 

Postscript: — My most humble duty to my Lady Duchess, 
whose recovery I heartily congratulate. 

Dick Talbot's coach with six horses went yesterday to meet 
the commissioners and bring them this day to town, upon 
notice whereof, one jested they might have come on foot 
before an English coach would have been sent to meet or 
fetch them. 

The Turk prevails still in Hungary, and is crossed the 
Danube, taking in several places in his way towards Vienna, 
for which he designs, and very little preparation is yet made 
against him. 

Our Ambassador hath not yet had audience at Paris. He 
writes me word he expects it presently, but the stop hath been 
upon a new offer of the French to have all the Princes of 
the Blood's coaches go next the King of France's and before 
our Ambassador's to the audience, which he will never admit. 

During this dispute on the Lord Mayor's day, when all 
the council were feasted at Guildhall, and the French 
Ambassador also invited, though 'twas not known to above 
two or three of the council, of which were my Lord St. Albans 
and Mr. Secretary Bennett, who never acquainted us with it, 
Monsieur Cominges had that which he takes, and hath they 
say represented, as a great affront; for when we were in the 
second course. Sir Charles Cottrell having stayed over long 
at my Lord Mayor's show with him, not knowing it seems 
that the council had resolved to dine before the Lord Mayor 



102 

came to the hall, brought the Ambassador up to the table 
where we were after three of the clock, at which being surprised, 
very few of us so much as saluted or took notice of the 
Ambassador, which made him go away in great discontent 
especially at my Lord Chancellor as I hear. But the King, 
who it seems occasioned the invitation, saith my Lord St. 
Albans only was in fault, and I think he is best able to bear 
the blame. 



Earl of Anglbsey to Obmond. 

1663, November 10. London. — Though we make very little 

Erogress in the affairs of Ireland, I know it will be expected 
y your Grace that I inform you what is done or doing. 
Yesterday being appointed a council day for Ireland, the 
Explanatory Act was first called for and Mr. Solicitor present 
to have reported it, but finding that he had but late on Saturday 
received the amendments lately transmitted by your Grace, 
to the end that upon the reading of the bill we might be 
informed by Mr. Solicitor what alteration or addition those 
amendments would make in it, we adjourned the reading and 
debating of it till Monday next. 

The next thing offered at council was a petition of Sir 
Nicholas Plunket's in behalf of the Boman Catholics concerned 
in the bill, setting forth that he was come over by allowance 
of the Lord Lieutenant and council to implore His Majesty's 
favour and care of them in the proceeding of the bill now 
depending for the settlement of that kingdom. Nothing was 
done hereupon, but an intimation given that he should be heard 
in due time. 

Next in order my Lord of Antrim's cause was called for, 
wherein 984 (Lord Chancellor) moved, and accordingly it was 
ordered that it should be heard on Friday next, and in the 
meanwhile his Lordship with his counsel, the commissioners 
lately come over, the adventurers and soldiers concerned with 
their counsel, and the King's learned counsel in his Majesty's 
behalf (who indeed is most concerned in this affair), are to be 
summoned to attend in order to the council's giving their 
judgment therein. I give your Grace the bare matter of fact 
being loth to make any observations upon it, though some 
think the proceeding too formal to produce a proper remedy 
for the evil. 

The rest of this council was spent in reading and receiving 
an account of bills from Mr. Solicitor. 

The bill for wine licences was referred to the committee 
for Irish affairs, with special direction to expunge the clause 
against farming it. The Act for rebuilding St. Andrew's 
Church, and for maintenance for it and other churches in 
cities and corporations, was much debated and committed 
also. 



103 

The bill for impowering ecclesiastical persons to make 
leases for sixty years was much canvassed and spoken against 
and like to have been laid aside, yet some of us prevailed at 
last to have it committed, and if the clergy whom it principally 
concerns desire it, some of them shall do well to write to the 
Archbishop of Canterbury about it. 

The bill to prevent the frequency of excommunications was 
much opposed and censured by some, yet so far justified by 
others that we got it also committed. 

The bill for a bridge at Ballylege, over the Shannon, was 
laid aside, not being judged fit now the people are under so 
many payments, and the sum not being named it was conceived 
impossible to get in Parliament there a power to raise what 
they please for it to be lodged in the Lord Lieutenant and 
council. 

The bill against stealing of children and for making it felony 
was passed, there being no exception to it. 

Here I must not omit to acquaint your Grace that before 
the reading of the two last bills, 854 (King) with some reflexion 
upon the other bills and in general upon bills sent thence, 
wherein 984 (Lord Chancellor) seemed to concur, used this 
expression that there was some leaven 212, 243, 692, 298, 641 
(in the council of Ireland), and spoke it with some heat; 
whereupon 896 (Earl of Anglesey) held it his duty, who had 
been a witness to their impartiality and great care in those 
matters wherein the Judges are chiefly employed, freely to 
speak in their vindication, which he did to good satisfaction, 
and I cannot imagine how this passage should happen unless 
the 568 (Irish) had been at work and particularly aimed at 
994 (my Lord), who in the 718 (Marq.) behalf is much railed 
at here by some, and I must tell your Grace 855 (King of 
England) dined yesterday with 941 (Queen mother), but that 
which troubled 896 (me) most in this affair was that 984 
(Lord Chancellor) so far yielded 854, 37 (King's) reprimand, 
just that he undertook by private letters to 961 (your Grace) 
to warn 256 (you) of more caution in 329, 39 (acts) hereafter ; 
but his Lordship being 961, 38 (your Grace's) professed friend, 
I hope no reflexion on 961, 38 (your Grace's) government was 
intended. I am sure when it shall be tried no other will be 
found that can hold the balance so even and preserve peace. 
By the promised letter, when it comes to 961, 256 (your Grace, 
you) will judge best what is intended. I am sure 896 (Earl of 
Anglesey) was asked by some of the 692 (council) upon this 
passage whether all were well between 539 and 984, which 
I spared not to assert. If I have been more particular than 
your Grace expects, impute it to the faithfulness of my 
friendship and service, which would have your Grace know 
transactions as clearly as if you were here. 

There being little cipher I desire it may be unciphered by 
your Grace's own hand. 

Endorsed : — ^Beceived 20th November, 1663. 



104 

Eabl of Anglesey to Obmond. 

1663, November 17. Loudon. — Your Grace's of the 2n(i of 
this month I received the 11th, and shall take care that there 
be only 3,500Z paid to Sir Eich. Franklin. I was to have 
found Mr. Phillips to-day for direction about it but missed him. 
To-morrow I will seek again for him, and by the next shall 
inform your Grace concerning my Lord Dillon's pension. 

Sir Thomas Clarges hath been long here, but the bill was not 
read at council till yesterday when the Irish and English were 
admitted to be by, which I never saw before, and all heard 
the report made by the Solicitor, which Sir Nicholas Plunket 
approved so well of that he said openly the Solicitor had Hit 
upon most of the exceptions he had to make, yet he gave in 
his paper of observations in writing upon the bill, which I 
understand are the same presented to your Grace in Ireland. 
The adventurers also gave in their petition, which is against 
parting with a sixth, and for the lands taken away and granted 
in custodiam, to be resumed and restored to them, etc. The 
commissioners, viz., Mr. Coventry, etc., were also present, 
but Sir Bich. Eainsford is like to be there no more, being this 
week to be called to the Exchequer Bench. 

I find I shall have a hard task of it. I shall take Sir Tho. 
Clarges' help along, and do my best to justify the industry 
and wisdom of your Grace and the council shewed in thi bill. 

1006 (Earl St. Albans) and 898 (Berkeley) are great sticklers 
for the 21, 35, 22, 37, 20 and 898, being gotten to be of the 
568, 621. 104 is very troublesome and capable of giving no 
help at all. 896 (Earl of Anglesey) wisheth he were at his 
194, 399. 

It's well the Parliament is prorogued till January 12th. 
I doubt much the bill will not be despatched by that time, and 
I am of opinion it's to little purpose to propose any other till that 
be made satisfactory and sent also. 

I am glad Mr. Harvey and his partners are advanced to 
55 ,000/ , but it must be looked to that they gain not more in 
the form of the articles than the addition they have made, for 
which end, if the draft be sent me before it be agreed, I will 
get the best advice I can upon it. Howsoever I must again 
remember your Grace how absolutely necessary it is that they 
be bound from disposing any of the income of the city and 
port of Dublin, so as that receipt may be monthly paid into 
the Exchequer, without which there will be no money in the 
Treasury for the civil lists (wherein your Grace's entertainment 
is) or daily emergencies, but they will pocket up much of that 
and assign others to receive in the country, whereby the King's 
guard and life guard will be also straitened. 

My Lord of Antrim's business being appointed for Friday 
last was put off, no side nor the commissioners themselves being 
furnished with the decree, nor was it sent me in your Grace's 



105 

and the councirs letter ; and when Sir Eich. Eainsford said in 
excuse that they had it not, that he knew of no appeal nor 
expected it, he was told that wp,s very strange, when it had 
been the discourse of city and country these three months 
almost. 

The Queen is well recovered. I long to hear of the money's 
safe arrival. 

Postscript: — My Lord Fitzharding told me lately he had 
heard nothing of the King's letter sent to your Grace concerning 
2,000/ a year for him, and asked me whether I had heard 
anything of it from your Grace. Sir Henry Bennett's bill 
is passed. 

Ormond to Earl of Anglesey. 

1663, November 18. Dublin. — Though I think I have a 
former of yours unanswered, yet not finding of it on the sudden 
and having very many other letters on my hands, I shall "at 
this time only answer that of the 3rd instant, which is the 
only letter I had from you in three packets that came together. 

The bargain with my Lord Caulfeild is not fully concluded, 
the King's council advising that a commission should issue 
to fit persons to examine and return the value of the things 
bought, which will be to the King's advantage and to my 
security. As soon as that commission is sped, order shall 
be taken that 5001 with the allowance shall be put into 
Sir Daniel Bellingham's hands ; till then my Lord of Carlingford 
must have patience. 

1 conceive you had not considered the establishment when 
you were writing yours of the 3rd, but that you had and 
discoursed with my Lord Chancellor of it before he writ his 
of the 7th, wherein he says you thought some unnecessary 
charge was by it like to be perpetuated upon the crown. 
1 have not looked it over since I received my Lord Chancellor's, 
nor can remember what charge that can be unless it be that 
of a guard of horse to be called the King's, which I conceive, 
if well ordered, to be of great security and ornament to the 
chief governor, but I shall say nothing of it till I receive 
your sense and observations. I am much obliged to your 
Lordship for your care of the affair of Moor Park, and to the 
two Vyners also. I send you herewith a letter to Mr. Phillips 
to the effect you desire, and if before the post goes I can 
find whose names were made use of in trust for me, they 
shall have direction to do their parts towards the securing 
of the 5,000/ to the Vyners, and I will be careful that they 
shall be repaid it by the six months end. The bill explanatory 
concerning excise and customs, with two hangers on, are 
gotten hither, but they must lie by the walls tUl the Act of 
Settlement shall be returned, for till then it will not be 
advisable to let angry men meet in Parliament. I hope 
that bill will come so to them as to make good way for any 



106 

other that may be of advantage to the King, and upon this 
occasion I desire your opinion why an act of repeal of or 
dispensation with Poynings' Act, at least during this 
Parliament, may not be thought fit, so it be limited only to 
grants of money, or of something that may make money to 
the King. The reason why I propose it is, first, that 
notwithstanding all the computations we have made of all 
the branches of the revenue should hold to the height, yet 
it will fall short to answer the charge by near 20,000/ a year, 
and that defect, unless it can be remedied, will eat every 
year into the revenue, and grow greater for all shifts for 
money are chargeable; in the next place it is possible the 
House of Commons may in a nick of time be found in so 
good humour as to pass that, which if all the formalities of 
a transmission and return must be stayed for, may meet 
with more difficulty. Let me have your sense. The returns 
of the hearth money comes so shamefully short, and we are 
so to seek how to help it, that unless it be forthwith farmed 
it will be a year longer than was cast up before it can be 
accounted upon to answer any part of the charge. 

I hear some, that think they could do everything better than 
tliey that do them, make it their ordinary discourse that the 
King's revenue here, if well managed, would be trebled at 
least. By this description you may know the man, it is he 
that has so ill an opinion of the Army and so good a one 
of himself. The money will be all lodged in the Castle 
this night. 

Postscript : — Though I now mention 5 ,000/ to be paid 
Sir Kichard Franklin, yet 1,500/ is as I am told to be kept 
for the security of discharging some incumbrance. I writ 
of this to you in mine of the 2nd, but Mr. Phillips will 
fully inform you. 

I have just now received yours of the 10th instant, but 
cannot decipher it before the going of the packet. You say 
nothing new of Moor Park, perhaps Sir Richard Franklin, 
if it were moved to him by Mr. Phillips, would take interest 
and let the assurance stand till May. 

Endorsed : — A copy of the letter to the Earl of Anglesey. 

Ormond to Earl of Anglesey. 

1663, November 21. Dublin. — I have now read over all 
yours of the 10th of this month, giving an account of the 
progress of all things there concerning Ireland. What 
reception the Explanatory Act will have had upon the first 
opening by Mr. Solicitor is what we expect to hear by the next. 
If it shall indeed be found so void of justice as many have 
successfully, as they write hither, represented it there, it is 
fit it should die there or suffer a reasonable change. 

Later letters than yours say my Lord of Antrim hath gained 
much advantage by the negligence of his opponents, who were 
not furnished with a copy of the decree they complain of. 
I thought my Lord Massereene more provident and dexterous. 



107 

Mr. Secretaiy writes to me that at the time of the 
commitment of some bills, His Majesty said he observed in 
many of the late bills clauses derogatory to the prerogative 
of the Crown, but tells me not in what bills nor what the 
clauses in those are understood to be so. I should be sorry 
to have any part in hurting that I have ventured so much to 
assert, but know not what to say till I am told my error. 

I wish Mr. Temple, who is there upon the place and is a 
discreet person, may be consulted with in the matter of the 
Act. He hath always gone very right in the House of 
Commons, and understands their temper as well as most that 
sit there. I have had no letter from my Lord Chancellor 
since the 7th of this month, but Sir A. Brodrick writ me his 
excuse. 

Endorsed : — A copy of the letter to the Earl of Anglesey. 

Eabl of Anglesey to Obmond. 

1663, November 28. London. — This day I received your 
Grace's letters of the 18th and 21st of this month, which 
are the only letters from your Grace since the 5th of this month, 
which I mention to clear the miscarriage of letters if any 
happens, as upon observation of a word in your Grace's of 
the 18th intimating that mine of the 3rd instant, to which 
that was an answer, was the only letter your Grace had 
from me in three packets that came together, I presume to 
mention to your Grace that as I have scarce failed one week 
since I left Ireland, so I did particularly w^rite to your Grace 
October 6th, 13th, 20th, and 27th, and if any of those have 
failed to come to your Grace's hands, some have been more 
presumptuous than was fit. 

I shall acquaint my Lord Carlingford with your Grace's 
direction concerning the 6002, with which it's reason his 
Lordship should be satisfied. 

As for the establishment I had not considered it further, when 
I wrote mine of the 3rd, than by a cursory perusal I was able 
to do, upon which speaking aftei; to my Lord Chancellor I 
remember I told his Lordship I was particularly noting the 
differences thereof from the former, and could only then tell his 
Lordship that there were some charges made perpetual which 
I thought might remain temporary, but resolved to speak 
further with his Lordship thereof before it came to the board, 
and though I have since stated all the alterations and additions 
apart, yet that I may the more fully answer your Lordship 
in other particulars, I beg your Lordship's forbearance till 
Tuesday's post, when I will present your Grace with all I have 
observed or think fit to offer concerning it, that I may have 
your Grace's final direction in the offering it to His Majesty 
and the board. In the meanwhile I assure your Grace my 
discourse with the Lord Chancellor had not the least reflexion 



108 

upon the charge of a guard of horse to be called the King's, 
which I am of opinion with your Grace, if well ordered, to be of 
great security and ornament to the chief Governor, and at this 
time I may add very necessary. 

I shall deliver your Grace's letter to Mr. Phillips, with 
whom I spoke the beginning of this week before the gout took 
me, which hath since and still doth keep me at home ; by him 
I found out since where the deeds of mortgage of Moor Park 
are, and spoke with Dr. Giles Allen's brother, Mr. Wm. Allen, 
a silkmaii, who is trusted by the Dr. (who is mortgagee) to 
receive the money, and he expressing a willingness to let your 
Grace continue the money six months longer, paying the 
interest, and finding the expressions of your Grace's last letter 
to be indifferent in the case whether it be paid or continued 
if they will, I shall upon speaking with them and Sir Thomas 
and Mr. Vyner, do what shall be most convenient and safe for 
your Grace, remembering the 1,500Z that is to lie in deposit 
till the incumbrances be cleared. 

1 believe, as your Grace writes that the Explanatory Bill 
concerning customs, etc. , and those which accompanied it, must 
lie by till we send some other to give them passage, yet finding 
the proceeding in business here very slow and much upon our 
hands, I was desirous to hasten away what I could, the 
rather upon the intimation of your Grace's and the council's 
letters of the 29th of last month, which I have answered this 
post. 

As to what your Grace writes concerning the repeal of or 
dispensation with Poynings' law for this Parliament upon the 
grounds mentioned, though upon the first thoughts of it I 
conceive something in that kind may be fit to be done, as was 
in the time of Sir Wm. Eussell's government, yet I shall respite 
the giving any positive opinion therein till my next letters. 

1 am sorry the hearth money falls so short. I doubt it will 
not mend by farming till a new bill pass to remedy the defects 
of the first, for which I have sent the council a copy of that 
passed in England, as I enclose one also to your Grace. 

If the man your Grace describes so well that I easily know 
him, were capable to make good the tenth part of what he 
discourses of trebling the King's revenue, he would deserve 
a much better place than mine, and to advance His Majesty's 
service so considerably I should part with it upon the terms 
my Lord Strafford offered my father, when it was not near so 
good as it is now, but by his discourse, which I have too often 
heard, I guess his design would be to increase the King's 
revenue by forfeiting the estates of most of the Protestants 
and making them crown lands, which were a likelier way to 
lose the King's subjects and the rest of his revenue than to 
make it more, and might perpetuate an insupportable charge 
on the crown or hazard the loss of Ireland, which the advice of 
such politicans tend more to than to a safe, honourable, and 



109 

just settlement, which I hope others will have the honour to 
stand for and obtain. I am glad the money is safe lodged. 
I doubt the revenue there comes in but slowly. I will hasten 
a despatch of affairs here, that I may spend as little as may be 
of my second licence before I attend my charge there. 

Before this time your Lordship hath an account of 
Mr. Solicitor's report. The last Monday nothing was done 
but to receive the Adventurers* petition of delay because they 
had not received copies of the bill and other papers till Saturday 
before, and to receive Sir Thomas Clarges* answer to Sir 
Nicholas Plunket in writing, to which adding some discourse 
quick enough in the close thereof, he resembled the Irish 
following the King beyond sea (of which they boast too much) 
"to those who followed Christ for the loaves, but His Majesty 
casting in a word that some of them had left their bread for 
him, Sir Thomas touched no more on that thing. All parties 
were then appointed to bring in all they had to offer next 
Monday, from which time His Majesty and the council would 
have them so modest as to trust them to make the bill such 
as was fit to pass without other help. 

It is strange that any should write thither that they have 
successfully represented here the bill to be void of justice, it 
is the practice of some when they have satisfied themselves 
with an earnest though empty discourse, to fancy they have 
convinced others. This is a new sort of fanaticism in politics 
which will in time vanish like the former ; yet I will not conceal 
from your Grace that some (whether yours or Ireland's friends 
time will show) speak more liberally than decently of the bill 
in a general way of dislike and clamour, among which the 
before-mentioned great undertaker for trebling His Majesty's 
revenue is not the least, but all that I have heard objected with 
any show of reason or calmness, is the leaving the nomination 
of persons to be received to grace and favour to your Lordship 
and the council, which is called a giving away the King's 
prerogative, and the repealing the clause concerning those 
who have either broken the peace or opposed the King's 
restitution and some other small matters. These particulars, 
though they were added since I came away, so that I am not 
fully possessed of the grounds thereof, yet I hope I shall satisfy 
His Majesty and the council the advice is good, being satisfied 
your Grace and the council best know what stock will be for 
the Irish, according to the proportion whereof persons 
must be nominated, besides you best know who served 
the King best in Ireland, and no persons will buy their 
nomination if it be left to be done by your Grace, etc., 
but I am confident if the King will have the nomination and 
proportion it to the stock, your Grace will be glad to be rid of it, 
or at least be ready to send him names to be approved or 
corrected here as he shall think fit. And for the other 
particular, as it is of inconsiderable value more than to quiet 
minds (already too much disturbed), so it is that which the 



110 

yielding of a sixth part for reprisals may well call for into the 
bargain. I shall say no more of this till Tuesday when your 
Grace, by the account of Monday's proceedings, will be able 
to guess at the course we shall steer. 

As to what Mr. Secretary wrote to your Grace that His 
Majesty, at the time of the commitment of some bills, said he 
observed in many of the late bills clauses derogatory to the 
prerogative of the Crown, but tells not in what, which certainly 
he should have done. 1 suppose before this time your Grace 
hath considered what I wrote my Lord Chancellor had under- 
taken to intimate to your Grace upon all I heard the King say 
upon the commitment of some bills, which in the same letter 
I expressed, and though the bill of settlement was not then 
reported, yet I conceive the King had been by some so possessed 
with its trenching upon his prerogative as in the particular 
before-mentioned, that when in the bills for wine licences 
there was some exception to the proviso against His Majesty's 
farming it which was therefore altered, and to the making 
grants thereof void as to pensions, which yet is suffered to 
stand, yet His Majesty upon the whole cast out some expression 
of reflection upon his council in Ireland, whose painfulness 
and duty to him I did not then fail to indicate; and if 
Mr. Secretary know more of the matter I wish he would declare 
it, for I am of opinion the bills from Ireland since His Majesty's 
restoration have been as full of care and duty as ever, and 
more for his profit than all that have passed since primo 
Elizabethce, I may say much higher; and since your Grace 
apprehends by Mr. Secretary's letter you are touched in it, 
it were no amiss to call for instances of particular clauses 
understood to intrench upon His Majesty's prerogative, the 
very motion for which will clear your Grace and the council 
and beget more wariness hereafter ; but this puts me in mind 
of a quick letter written to your Grace and the council, presently 
after Mr. Secretary Bennett was made Secretary, about reasons 
desired thence why some public bills did not pass here, which 
was then interpreted little less than a saucy demand, to which 
Mr. Secretary Davis had prepared a fitting answer, which 
perhaps it had been good to have sent, but your Grace sees 
that exceptions to bills are sent without asking for them, 
and reflecting enough ; how is it possible at this rate for those 
who govern there to satisfy. 

I am of your Grace's opinion concerning Mr. Temple, and 
do confer with him as I advise others to take his assistance 
in business of Ireland. Though my gout continues I will 
creep abroad on Monday, God willing, and if your Grace pardon 
this and interpret the length of it to my zeal for your Grace's 
service and the good of that poor kingdom, I will not offend 
so much again at once. 

Postscript: — Some have spoken with reflection upon a 
custodiam granted me by your Grace upon my petition in 
order to my reprisal, for what the Court of Claims gave away 



Ill 

of mine, the custodiam consisting of some waste things in 
His Majesty's hands or not before yielding him any profit. 
I have made their envy ridiculous here, and that .your Lordship 
may be justified there, I do assure your Grace I have been at 
charge about it, but never got two pence by it, and so I be 
cleared of the chequer rent I shall not value it two pence, 
though if it fall to the stock of reprisals I know your Grace 
will judge it as reasonable I have a share in it as others, this 
being the case to a tittle. But I wonder little at my receiving 
this measure, when I find your Grace nibbled at by vermin 
in the dark, for though I have hunted for them none will 
appear openly against you. 



Earl op Anglesey to Ormond. 

1663, December 1. London. — ^This is to supply what my 
last of the 28th of November was defective in, though I then 
wrote to your Grace of most matters touched in your letters, 
yet want of time made me imperfect in some, and something 
hath occurred since. 

First concerning the establishment now proposed, upon full 
consideration thereof I do not find much to be contradicted 
more than what I intimated before, that almost all the 
temporary payments of the last establishment are made 
perpetual, which will fix them past recovery, whereas remaining 
temporary the King will be eased of them by degrees. I could 
wish also if your Grace judge fit that now the troops are at 45, 
the quarter masters and one trumpet in each troop were taken 
off which will be a considerable ease of charge. 

Some new additions also there are of charge for the muster- 
master general. Governor of Dublin, etc., which I find will 
be of difficult digestion here, where a resolution is taken up 
to make Ireland bear its own charge. 

In order to which, therefore, concerning your Grace's proposal 
concerning the suspension of Poynings' law with the limitation 
and restriction your Grace mentioned for laws only concerning 
the revenue, as was done formerly, but whether in Sir William 
Eussell's time (as I thought when I wrote last) or in which other 
Chief Governor's time I cannot recollect, (but Sir Paul Davys 
will easily find in the statute book) , I conceive upon the grounds 
your Grace gives, and many others, it is absolutely necessary ; 
yet being a matter of great weight and putting for the time 
and subject so vast a power and prerogative into the €hief 
Governor, though it cannot but be for His Majesty's advantage, 
my humble advice is that the thing with the reasons be first 
proposed to His Majesty before any such bill be prepared or 
submitted. 

As to your Lordship's concern of Moor Park, finding 
Dr. Allen willing to continue the money in your Lordship's 
hands for six months, I judged it every way most convenient 



112 

for you, and less charge than to remove or change securities ; 
and have so agreed it, and the rather because if the 15,000/ 
had been taken up, l,600i must have lain dead in expectation 
of Sir Eich. Franklin's taking of incumbrances. 

I shall novvr acquaint your Grace how far we have proceeded 
in the new bill. Yesterday, though my Lord Chancellor was 
ill of the gout and absent, thinking it the more needful to 
strain a point with my gout, I went to the council board as 
I was, and still am, where the Adventurers gave in their paper 
which consisted of divers points, but such as we shall easily 
overcome. Then the commissioners, after a grave speech 
made by Sir Eichard Eainsford, wliich I forget and omit 
because it was not delivered in writing, delivered in three papers 
answerable to the three particulars enjoined them by His 
Majesty and council, viz. : 1 — ^to show the reasons why they 
proceeded not after the 21st of August in execution of their 
trust. 2 — To offer their opinion wherein the new bill varied 
from the declaration and instructions and Act of Settlement. 
3 — To present the board with such expedients as they conceived 
might settle Ireland ; a great task, but no way declined, as your 
Grace will find by those who know themselves able to go 
through it, and in their short sitting in the Court of Claims 
are come to understand Ireland as your Grace may perceive 
better than the Lord Lieutenant and council, for they differ 
from you toto coelo, and it's well if what they have offered 
agree with itself, for unless the glory of their knowledge have 
darkened "my little understanding of matters f not to mention 
more) , I think one passage of their third paper is diametrically 
contrary to one in the second, for whereas they object against 
the new bill that it takes away a sixth part when the parties 
ought to have the whole made good to them, which your Grace 
will find in the second paper. In the third paper their first 
proposal is to take away above a third, for they would have 
the soldiery have the acre by English measure, which is to 
take 61 out of a 161. But I forbear troubling your Grace 
with my descants. This vdll suffice, as I observed at the 
committee (which met this day and were all there but my 
Lord Chancellor), to show that the commissioners are men 
and may err themselves as well as find fault with others. 

I could not speak with His Majesty to-day to get his leave 
to send their papers to your Grace, yet got them copied by 
my servants last night, and adventure to send them to your 
Grace as fittest for your and the council's view, who I doubt 
not will justify me if you make use of them before you have 
them as sent by order to you. 

Having these and Sir Nicholas Plunkett's paper, which was 
the same he presented to your Grace in Ireland, you have all 
upon the matter before you, though I will send also by the next 
the Adventurers', '49 men's and Sir Thomas Clarges' answer 
to Plunket, upon all which your Grace will find ground to 



133 

transmit something further thence, wherein my thoughts shall 
not to be wanting upon the whole if your Grace require it, for 
you see your Grace and the council are not complimented 
with. The committee are these : the Archbishop of Canterbury, 
Lord Chancellor, Lord Privy Seal, Duke Albemarle, Marquess 
Dorchester, Earl of St. Albans, Earl of Anglesey, Earl of 
Lauderdale, Lord Berkeley, Lord Ashley, Sir George Carteret, 
and the two secretaries. 

Our whole morning's work this day concluded in doing 
nothing but to debate what method to take; in conclusion, at 
my motion, we agreed to meet to-morrow at Worcester House, 
and to have the commissioners and King's counsel attend us 
there. Some touched to-day, an Earl and a Baron, your 
Grace will easily guess them, as if we might now enter upon 
the whole settlement de piano, as concluding all was in His 
Majesty's power. 

This doctrine I doubt not by our papa alterius orbis and all 
his associates will be to-morrow declared heretical, though it 
be a pleasing fancy at court among some that I doubt not aim 
more at increasing their own revenue than the King's, and 
perhaps little consider that whilst some would build high they 
endanger kingdoms falling low, forget engagements and 
promises passed in trouble, and are not tender of the King's 
honour nor your Grace's quiet. I have been open and large 
to your Grace and shall so continue if your Grace think fit, that 
you may be as fully informed as we are here of what passeth , 
and not want such reflections as occur to me in the way, who 
I am confident your Grace will believe have the same and no 
other ends in this affair than your Grace, His Majesty's honour, 
justice, and profit, and the settlement of his kingdoms upon 
lasting foundations. 

I had half-an-hour's private discourse with His Majesty 
yesterday before council, and shall attend him frequently whilst 
this business depends. Speaking of your Grace and the too 
great freedom some take in corners to discourse of your Grace 
and government of that kingdom, His Majesty was pleased to 
tell me he had lately written to you that which would satisfy you 
concerning his resentment thereof, and indeed they carry it so 
craftily and wound so in the dark that I cannot yet fix on any, 
but in the meanwhile your Grace's honour is the more 
triumphant. 

Postscript : — Mr. Coventry was among the commissioners 
in all. 



Ohmond to Earl of Anglbsby. 

1663, December 4. Dublin. — The last of yours in my hands 
unacknowledged by my former letters are of the 17th and 28th 
of the last month, if you have written any between those, they 
are otherwise disposed of than you intended. 

Wt. 8878 H 



114 

I am much obliged to you for the care you take in my affair 
of Moor Park, and woula make compliments in excuse of the 
trouble I give you in it, but that I am prepared to undertake 
the like for you when you shall require it, and in the meantime 
I approve of continuing the mortgage as it is, and will pay 
the interest. 

I perceive it is my Lord Chancellor's sense that our 
settlement must be upon the foundations laid and method 
prescribed by the first act, by trials of innocency upon proofs, 
and not by nomination of persons to be restored. If I could 
truly say I am of his opinion, I would, because of the deference 
I have to his judgment, but it is enough that I suspect and 
depart with my own sense when it agrees not with his. It will 
be worth your pains and struggling with your gout, as far as 
is reasonable, to vindicate the act transmitted from the board 
from being unchristian, as it hath been styled from thence 
by one that I believe never read it, and if he had would 
understand it no better than one of us ; especially it will be fit 
to vindicate the council here from the arrogance of invading the 
prerogative charged on them in proposing to have the 
nomination of restorable Irish. The motives of that part 
of the Act, and the arguments to free us from such a 
presumption will easily occur to you. We are now very 
near, I think, a good conclusion with Harvey and his partners, 
having driven him from all unreasonable things and reserved 
the incomes of Dublin to His Majesty, the necessary charge 
of the officers of that port deducted, which is not to exceed 
500Z a month, over and above which they are to assure 5,0001 
a quarter out of the port to the King. They have now the 
Articles drawn by the King's Attorney in their hands, and a 
few days will fit us to give a full state of it. 

The King will be at a great loss if the hearth duty cannot be 
found till the Explanatory Act shall be passed here, but of 
that you shall hear more from the board. 

I have already called for instances of Acts, or clauses in 
Acts, wherein we have been so careless of the King's prerogative ' 
and our own duty, but can yet obtain no return. It is enough 
with some men boldly and sharply to suggest calumnies, those 
they are sure will spread and gain belief somewhere, but the 
vindication is sometimes deferred, sometimes laid quite aside, 
but never reaches so far as the calumny. If the proportioning 
what the unrestored Irish should have were assumed by us, 
the presumption were great, but when an indefinite share is 
left for them after other interests are provided for (which 
His Majesty and his council there may alter), and the 
distribution only proposed to be left to the council and to 
me who must best know and remember who deserved best 
of the King, methinks the pretence is at least excusable : but 
I am not in love with the employment, as I have told my Lord 
Chancellor, though I am very certain the honestest Irish 
would be sorry to see it put into another way, but if the thing 
be wholly laid aside the dispute may very well be so too. 



115 

I hear my Lord Eanelagh is the great searcher and informer 
into His Majesty's loss by custodiums. It is to show how 
able a councillor he would make, but this is the chief talent 
of Jack Davys, and I have known but few informers prove 
very good councillors. 

I am glad you think of returning hither, there are many 
things that might be done to get in money due to the King, 
which I cannot drive on fast enough for want of you. I shall 
not complain of the length of your letters, so you will not of 
the shortness of mine. 

Endorsed : — A copy of my Lord's to the Earl of Anglesey. 

Ormond to the Earl of Orrery. 

1663, December 5. Dublin. — I have yours of the 20th and 
27th of the last, and that of the first of this, all .unanswered, 
but what concerns my Lord Chancellor's money, and for the 
refunding of what has been taken out of the counties designed 
to him, I have now signed a warrant and sent it to my Lord 
Massereene, by whom I do not find that the want of [it] 
hitherto hath been the cause of my Lord Chancellor's 
disappointment, or that his having it will for the present 
advance it. 

To those particulars recommended by your Lordship in 
favour of Sir James Shaen, all I can say is that for the arrear 
claimed from him in the Exchequer, I will inquire what it 
'is and] how grown due, and then upon consideration of 
;he King's letter in his behalf do what I may safely [and] 
justifiably, for I find I [have] to be very circumspect in matters 
of His Majesty's treasure and profit, very watchful eyes being 
upon me and some misinformations given of me in that 
particular, and that also makes me unable to do any more for 
him in the other particular of his 350Z, than to be ready to 
assign it out of anything falling due and yet unpaid in the 
time of his service. 

Your Lordship could in nothing more oblige me, or give me 
a more pleasing proof of your friendship to me, than in giving 
me early and free notice when any injustice or even hardness 
is exercised, under pretence of warrant from me, or advantage 
to me towards any, and especially towards English, but it is 
not enough to acknowledge the obligation and profess a 
detestation of the practice, of the truth of both which a sudden 
remedy is the best manifestation. I stopped here till 
I inquired of one Connell, who is best acquainted with my 
concernments, if he knew any thing of the proceedings 
complained of so contrary to my intentions and as I [obliterated] 
my instructions. He told me he thought it impossible the 
complaint could have any truth in any part of it, but said 
there was a gentleman newly come out of those parts who he 
believed was able to say something of it, with whom I gave 
him time to speak, which wh^n he had done he brought me 



116 

the inclosed paper as what the said gentleman was ready to 
take his oath of, but that way [of] justifying in a matter so 
scandalous to me and oppressive in itself, seemed too officious 
to be satisfactory. I have therefore required Mr. Crosby and 
Mr. Chute, who were recommended to me as Protestants and 
honest men, forthwith to attend your Lordship and give you 
an exact account of what they had done by virtue of the 
authority and instructions they had from me, whereof I think 
I shall be able with this to send you copies. If not, they 
shall be ordered to produce them, and I earnestly recommend 
it to your Lordship that the matter may be thoroughly 
examined and the true state of it represented to me, whereupon 
I assure your Lordship any person, English or Irish, that shall 
be found to have suffered loss under the colour of commission 
from me shall have ample reparation, and those that have 
done it such reproof as they deserve, and lose all credit with me 
for ever. On the other side, if the complaint be not in some 
measure made good, I shall look upon the informers as designers 
of as much mischief to me as they could devise, and as such 
desire to know who they are. 

I have been assured from a good hand that my Lord of 
Carlingford assured the King from your Lordship that whatever 
His Majesty would have done in the settlement of this 
kingdom should be done without difficulty, which, though 
[he] might well undertake in regard of the confidence [he] 
may have. His Majesty will desire nothing should be done 
but what is honourable and just and for the ^ood of [his] 
people, yet the construction made of it by him from whom 
the information came to me, seemed to import something 
you did not I am sure intend. 

The bill transmitted hence is severely censured by some, 
and as it should seem by the objections of all parties against 
it, approved of by none; there must sure be much skill or 
much ill-luck in such a contrivement. I do heartily wish your 
health and occasions would permit your coming hither. If the 
first run no hazard by it, I shall little consider the last, though 
I am more concerned in them than you are. 

Endorsed : — A copy of my Lord's to the Earl of Orrery. 

Oemond to Eabl of Anglesey. 

1663, December 9. — I send your Lordship herewith a draft 
of a letter concerning the Lord Massereene which I wish may 
be obtained for him, and do therefore desire your Lordship 
to take an opportunity to recommend it to Mr. Secretary 
Bennett in such a season as you shall judge his request may 
be granted without difficulty. I also send your Lordship 
a draft concerning Charlemont, to the end you may make 
such amendments in it as you shall think necessary, and 
then deliver it to Mr. Secretary Bennett to be offered to His 
Majesty's signature. 

Endorsed : — ^A copy of the letter to the Earl of Anglesey. 



. 117 

Order of Committee of Council. 

1663, December. — It is ordered that the three Irish 
Commissioners and Mr. Henry Coventry do prepare the draft 
of a bill out of these following materials, viz. : — 

1. The Act of Settlement. 

2. The Explanatory Bill which was sent from Ireland 
some time since. (This is the bill rejected in Ireland). 

3. The bill lately transmitted from Ireland. 

4. The heads and papers presented by the commissioners 
for a new bill. 

5. The papers of the several interests now lying before 
the committee. 

Taking the Declaration and Instructions for the foundation 
of their work. 

I may inform your Grace that to the fourth branch they 
have added, since the copies I last sent your Grace, about forty 
sheets more, worse than the former. 

And the fifth branch consists of the contrary papers of the 
Adventurers, Soldiers, '49 men, Boman Catholics, Sir Thomas 
Glarges, etc. 

And without agreeing upon so much as one head or 
proposition or resolving one doubt, a bill is to be drawn up, 
a difficult work in my judgment. 

Earl of Anglesey to Ormond. 

1663, December 12. London. — On Wednesday last 
the committee for the bill met again, but after much 
debate, finding great difficulties and concluding that a good 
entrance would be half the work, they adjourned till 
Friday, resolving then to meet at my Lord Chancellor's 
if he were well enough to sit up, that we might have his 
assistance in the business, but understanding that his Lordship 
had little rest the night before, upon notice whereof my Lord 
Privy Seal also, and my Lord Ashley and Sir George Carteret 
were absent, and some of us proposed that the committee 
might adjourn to another day (finding less help now than we 
had the last meeting), but 1006 (Earl St. Albans), 898 (Lord 
Berkeley), 399, 99, 9, 51, 86, 40 (and Sec. Bennett), with 77, 
57, 85, 56, 78, 399, 126, 35, 123, 270, 129, (Lauderdale and 
Dorchester) seeing 388 (they) had 186, 933, 21, 41 (an 
opportunity) notwithstanding all the 734, 39 (reasons) 896 
(Earl Anglesey), 399, 669, 4, 237 (and secret. M.), who only 
joined 322, 280 (with him), 197, 48, 64, 80, 44, 14, 176 (did 
as foUoweth) : — 

The committee after long debate passed the enclosed 
resolution with this only difference, that the Attorney General 
and Solicitor with the assistance of the Irish Commissioners, 
etc., were to draw up a bill. 



118 

But when the report was made in the afternoon the King's 
learned counsel, absolutely excusing themselves and showing 
the impropriety and impossibility of the work to be undertaken 
by them, they w^ere left out, and after some debate it passed 
the council as it now stands, but whether the commissioners 
will undertake the work I cannot yet tell. 

It appeared 187, 692 (at council) that 246, 688, 110, 37 (the 
business was) laid 200, 854, 899, 408, 298, 610 (for the King and 
Duke of York) were earnest 106, 91, 37, 38, 211 (to pass it), 
notwithstanding weighty 734, 37, 275, 198, 614, 167, 211 
(reasons given against it). And it was plainly said the 568, 
836, 129, 39 (Irish Commissioners) were 304, 46, 38 (parties) 
interested. Among other expressions when it was objected 
that to prepare a new 120, 24, 25 (bill) was against 94, 22, 
46, 28, 354, 89, 77, 44 (Poynings' law), 408 (the Duke), 298, 610, 
said the corporation 120, 24, 25 (bill) had showed a way how to 
change a whole 120, 24, 25 (bill) leaving 246, 105, 40, 78 (the 
title). 

My Lord, I have done my part towards the procuring a 
good and safe settlement for Ireland. What the issue will 
now be is past my divining. Your Grace and the council's 
bill hath yet been cried down without perusing, for it was 
never so much as read at the committee nor most of the other 
materials referred, and yet, upon a fair debate, I undertook 
to justify it in most part of it, and I am confident none will 
be proposed half so indifferent or safe. Besides, we all know 
all is labour in vain, if not worse, if it receive not perfection 
in Ireland. 

Y'esterday, at council, Sir Nicholas Plunket was so bold as in 
a petition to arraign the qualification in the Act of Settlement 
concerning living in the rebel's quarters, saying it was against 
common right and reason. I believe he durst not have 
said more in the supreme council, and did not say so much 
when it passed before at council upon good reason, notwith- 
standing all he could say against it. It seems 'tis forgotten, 
that in the beginning of the rebellion all were required by 
proclamation to desert the rebels and give no assistance to 
them. I was since with 984 (Lord Chancellor) who saith 
all thiSwlSO, 194, 106, 508 (will come to nothing) though 69, 
210, 157, 4, 99, 11 (he is amazed) at 211 (it). He told 896 
(Earl Anglesey) that 855 (K.) did not understand 243, 
688 (the business), and he believes the 836, 129, 39 
(commissioners) have more 112, 41, 317, 106 (wit than to) 
undertake 211 (it). Yet I hear 388, 898, 51, 86, 41 (they, 
Lord Berkeley, Bennett), etc., 82, 40, 258, 314, 56, 46, 187, 
1006, 38, met all this day at Earl St. Albans', and 896 
(Anglesey) believes 389, 121, 24, 11 (them bold) enough 106, 
126 (to do) any 460 (thing). 

May it please your Grace 896 is loth to make observations 
but finding with what boldness 961, 210 (your Grace is) 
aspersed 140, 14 (here), and how uneasy 189, 564, 222, 41 (your 



119 

government) is like to be rendered 243, 97 (there) by the 
practice 89, 383, (of some), I should fail 212, 273, 28, 12, 170, 
21, 32 (in friendship) if 896 (I) did not 179, 86, 961 (warn your 
Grace) to look 117, 371, 256, 399, 385, 148, 552, 129, 325, 
106, 126 (about you and timely consider what to do) both in 
your own behalf 399, 854 (and the King's) who will be damnified 
most in conclusion, and whether 961 (your Grace) quick 
appearing 209 (here) with 855, 429 (the King's leave) would not 
be 292, 685, 642 (most advisable). Pardon me if I write 
foolishly. I am sure what I say is 345, 186, 566, 69, 4, 35, 
40, 106, 855, 399, 961. And upon the same account I must 
acquaint your Grace that James Hamilton , your nephew, who 
is very faithful and vigilant and active in your concernments, 
had the ill hap to be too confident of a 97, 77, 105, 229, 89, 
961, 368, 187, 264 (relation of your Grace now at Court), and 
showing him 961, 149, 129, 39 (your Grace's letters) as to one 
who should further what was 961, 83, 28, 12 (your mind), 
he hath made so ill use thereof, though showed under secrecy, 
that he hath vented them to 1006, 399, 51, 86, 40 (Earl St. 
Albans and Bennett), etc., as if 256 (you) aimed 187, 389 (at 
them), so that 51, 86, 41 (Bennett) came to 326 (your) nephew 
68, 83, 24, 106, 29 (Hamilton) and showed a resentment of 
an expression in one of 961, 199, 129, 39 (your Grace's letters) 
to this effect, that there were some who would 99, 40, 1 (set a) 
5, 3, 208, 99 on 63, 97, 106, 3, 166, 167 their 13, 17, 18, 39, 
which though 961 (your) letter applied to none may true enough 
be said of those who make all this pudder to get some 77, 28, 11, 
for themselves, for that is in the bottom of all and they think 
to bring all into 855, 3, 68, 28, 12, 37 for that end, not 
understanding the impossibility of it. I suppose 918, 3, 101, 
28 will write somewhat hereof, but 961 (you) may see hereby how 
few may be trusted. 

I wish I could be but one hour with your' Grace, your wisdom 
will supply what I come short. Having already tired your 
Grace and myself, which I hope I shall not again have so 
much occasion to do, I take leave for the present. 

Postscript: — I hope I shall have your Grace's excuse for 
me to the council if I cannot bring things to that good pass 
I would. I am sure I am careful to follow instructions. 

I beg your Grace would uncipher this yourself though it 
be long. 

Eabl op Anglesey to Ormond. 

1663, December 19. London. — ^Your Grace's letters of 
the 9th of this month, with the two drafts enclosed concerning 
Charlemont and the Lord Massereene, and your letter of the 
4th, I received together the 16th, which are all of your Grace's 
that came to my hands since yours of November 21st, which 
I answered by mine of the 28th, which, with that of the 17th 
(for I wrote none between them), your Grace acknowledges 
the receipt of. And all I have written since, were of the 



120 

1st, 8th and l'2th instant, the last whereof at large in cipher, 
which I mention that your Grace may know how you are used 
concerning the passage of letters, which some complain fall 
now and then into hands they should not, and since I 
understand 961 (your Grace) is not befriended in the 51, 11, 
3, 123, 26, 51, 35 (bedchamber) by those who have most 
reason, I shall be glad to find that letters go safe from those 
who are your faithful servants. 

I have hitherto wearied your Grace with my long letters, 
but now there will be less work for me and trouble for your 
Grace, for 243, 213 (the King), on Wednesday last, 187, 692 
(at council), after Sir Henry Bennett had made known 106, 
243, 692 (to the council) that the 568, 836, 129, 39 (Irish 
Commissioners) desired they might have the assistance of the 
243, 214, 37, 692 (King's Counsel), and nothing was ordered, 
thereupon 243, 214 (the King), I say, told the 121, 35, 11 
(board) that he would be answerable for a 120, 25, 24 (bill) 
to be prepared, so that now 854 (the King) hath 621, 104, 12 
(committed) 243, 120, 24, 25 (the bill) 106 (to) himself, the 
first precedent of that kind, and clearly against 94, 212, 354, 
37, 3, 77, 44, 243, 692 (Poynings' law. The council) sat all 
amazed and said nothing, and 896 (Earl Anglesey) did not 
thing it fit for 280 (him) to interpose 4, 80, 86, 3 (alone), 
961 (your Grace) sees 854 (the King) in 814, 846, 688 (this great 
business) w^aives 139, 692, 38 (his councils) of both 214, 126, 
82, 39 (kingdoms), and hath put 211 (it) into 161, 21, 108, 
104, 3, 68, 28, 11, 38 (private hands). What will be the 
success I cannot tell, but expect and apprehend the worst 
imaginable. It's past 896 (Earl of Anglesey's) power to 
remedy, and I must deal plainly with 961 (your Grace), 
(though sub sigillo), 21 (I) hath not those evening opportunities 
and familiarities which 31, 243, 35, 37, 3, 351, 3, 399 (others 
have, and) abuse. Besides, I find the whole affair is not 
thoroughly considered, but taken up and carried away by 
snatches, without any reference to 641 (Ireland), and neither 
571, 37, 637 (the King's honour) nor 424, 21, 53 (justice) 
considered, but private advantage reached at. 

My Lord, it will concern your Grace, not only as the present 
Chief Governor of Ireland, but in relation to your posterity, 
that the present opportunity for securing that kingdom to 
His Majesty (which our ancestors longed for, but could never 
attain) be not now lost. It is not fit for me, nor can I at this 
distance, say all that were necessary upon this occasion. 
Your Grace's wisdom will prompt you with considerations 
and consequents enough, and though I dare give no advice 
in the case, I cannot in dutiful affection to His Majesty and zeal 
to the good of these 'kingdoms but wish that at such a time 
His Majesty had the assistance of your personal counsel and 
integrity, which I am sure he would credit before any others. 
Whilst the committee were possessed of the bill, they did 
not so much as read it, but whensoever (as I believe it will 



1-21 

yet come to pass) it shall be heard speak for itself, I doubt 
not to justify it to be the result of more wisdom and impartiality 
than any we shall receive from hands not of the council here 
or there. 

My Lord of Strafford 466, 225, 51, 101, 249, 59 (would not 
be so used), and the sooner 961, 166, 42, 172 (your Grace 
courts) this little sort 89, 726 (of people), the more firmly 
will that kingdom and 961 (your Grace) be established, whereas 
I know not w^hat long absence and the opportunities which 
some enjoy, accompanied with 121, 24, 11, 86, 37 (boldness) 
which they want not, may not bring to pass, though I know 
571 (the King) hath a great affection and esteem 200, 256 
(for you). I wish I may prove a false prophet, but my affection 
and friendship will not suffer me to conceal my fear from your 
Grace, nor though I know 571 (the King) of all other would 
not employ 408, 89, 610 (the Duke of York) there, and it may 
be spoken at random without design, will I omit to let you 
know that 127, 3, 108, 24 (Duval), one of that 408, 39 (Duke's) 
servants, discoursed to a friend of mine as if he were to go 
925 (Lieutenant) thither. 

Your Grace's large discourse to 854 (the King) in writing, 
hath given great satisfaction. What would it have done 
viva voce, seconded with daily attendance? If your Grace 
pardon what I write, and receive it as it is presented, without 
any design but to inform you rightly, I have my aim. 

I hear no more from the party concerning Moor Park 
since he yielded to continue it till May, so that your Grace is 
safe as to that point, if principal and interest be ready then, 
for there was no interest now due. 

My Lord Chancellor never yet expressed himself to me as 
your Lordship mentions he hath done to your Grace, concerning 
the trial of innocency by proofs, and not by nomination of 
persons to be restored. I think it's demonstrable that course 
will never settle, but further unsettle Ireland, but I shall say 
no more of the bill till we see what shall be offered. And for 
my gout, though it yet continue, I have not failed yet, upon 
all occasions, to limp to Whitehall, though now I may take 
a little rest to drive it away, which, by going abroad, hath 
continued longer upon me than ever. 

I have not failed to vindicate the bill, and doubt not but 
I shall after Christmas be more patiently heard to it again. 
It's like to be christian enough to keep Christmas, and that 
season, perhaps, may put us in more charity with that which 
is good. For the encroachments on prerogative, 'twas but 
a sudden fancy, and I can hear no more of it, though I have 
enquired after it and openly asserted the contrary, but w^e 
must bear worse than this, as long as matters of council are 
mistaken [?] discourse and debate abroad, which will not be 
remedied by the frequent addition of new councillors. 

I am glad the business with Harvey and his partners is so 
near a conclusion, and upon so good terms. 



122 

The business of custodiums is all the Irish have now left 
to discourse against, since your Grace's large letter to the King 
hath given so full satisfaction in all other points, and as I have 
silenced them here in my own case, which was one instance 
by which my ambition is but to be no loser, so (with reverence 
to my Lord Eanelagh's new and honourable employment) 
I am sure your Grace may confidently write that a double 
proportion of advantage accrues to the crown, in the time 
of your Grace's government for custodiums, to what did in any 
time before the King's restitution, and I am sure you have 
much increased the rent since the Justice's time. 

Your Grace expresses yourself pleased with the thoughts of 
my return, but give me no command therein, and till I see 
what will become of the bill, and get some other matters, 
yet depending, despatched, I think it not advisable to stir 
without your Grace's direction. 

Sir Henry Bennett promised me the warrant for farming 
the Inland Excise should go to your Grace this night, if it 
do not, I shall take care it be despatched, Tuesday next, and 
the two letters I received in your Grace's of the 9th, as soon 
as may be. 

I hope my Lord Chancellor hath perfected the assurance of 
Chappell Izard.* 

Earl op Anglesey to Ormond. 

1663, December 22. London. — This is to accompany the 
inclosed, which His Majesty hath passed for Sir Henry O'Neill, 
upon consideration of what your Grace wrote, that none of his 
former intentions for his advantage had taken effect, and the 
King expressed himself to be very earnest that he would have 
some care taken of him, as I doubt not your Grace will do now 
you have so good a warrant, upon the foundation of the proviso 
in the Act, to which this letter refers, though I doubt affairs 
there will hardly spare a 1,0001, yet he may have his share 
in value of those custodiums, which are so groundlessly spoken 
against, and, indeed, I doubt his own, as well as his wife's 
pressing necessities, call for it. 

I understand the commissioners, after near a fortnight's 
breathing upon the bill and other materials, are endeavouring 
to free themselves of it. I doubt not, in a little time more, 
they will come to be of opinion that your Grace and the Council 
of Ireland , and the Privy Council here , understand the affairs 
and condition of Ireland much better than they or any other, 
and that it's a great deal more easy to find fault with, and 
object against the work of others, than to mend it or make 
better. 

* The Manor of Chapelizod or Chapel Izard had just been purchased by the 
Crown from the Lord Chancellor, Sir Maurice Eustace, to form portion of the 
Phwnix Park. 



123 

In the last discourse I had with my Lord Chancellor, upon 
some passages in your Grace's letter to me of December 4th, 
he assured me your Lordship had utterly mistaken him, for 
he never wrote you word that the way of nomination of persons 
was laid aside, and resolution taken to lengthen the time for 
trials of innocency, neither is his Lordship's opinion fixed 
that way ; on the contrary, both his Lordship and I do conceive 
that though some things in the bill sent over are liable to 
exception, and will undergo change, yet this is the fairest offer 
to go on upon the foundations already laid, which have yet 
or are like to appear; and his Lordship wished your Grace 
had written as much to His Majesty as was in that letter to 
me, of your own opinion, which, it!s not to be doubted, will be 
of great "weight to His Majesty, and as to the nomination, 
I wish your Grace would timely prepare a list for His Majesty's 
view, which might answer all objection against naming these 
after a bill passed, which I know your Grace will take no 
great pleasure in, and by your naming them first, and sending 
them hither, the best Irish will be most secured. 

It is necessary that 961 (your Grace) write often to 571 
(the King), but whether to himself always or to some 484 
(friend), who may shew 854 (him) what 256 (you) write, 
consider well, because else 961, 39, 3, 149, 129," 38 (your 
Grace's letters) come to 1003, 51, 86, 40, 37, 3, 19, 399 
(Secretary Bennett's hand), and more 99, 13 (see) them, 
896 (Earl Anglesey) doubts, than should or make a good use 
of them. And though 571 (the King) and all indifferent 
persons are satisfied fully by 961, 37 (your Grace's) large 
196, 55, 35, 99 (discourse) in answer to all objections, yet 
some, I doubt, see it that should not, and will strive to 
countermine in matters they should not be trusted with, but 
Mr. 1003 (Secretary) saith there was no need of any answer 
to such flying reports. It's well, if 69 (he) were never willing, 
such 97, 94, 35, 172 (reports) should have been, or did not 
124, 59, 211 (credit) them too much. 

431, 8, 80, 57, 86, 56, 78 (Lauderdale) is a dangerous practis- 
354 (ing) 81, 28 (man), and appears too earnestly for 246, 
568 (the Irish). I doubt he drives at more than kindness 
106, 389 (to them) ; he saith he means to write 106, 961 (to 
your Grace), but I would 361, 961 (have your Grace) upon 
326 (your) guard, for 69 (he) doth no good office to 996 (Duke 
of Ormond) in his station. 

Here hath been great labour by the 568 (Irish) to get 431, 
96, 85, 77, 17, 19 (Lord Eanelagh) of 243, 692, and 992 (Lord 
Muskery) , with much earnestness, useth 996 (Duke of Ormond) 
and 997 (Duchess) their 85, 82, 38 (names) to promote it, as 
that which is much desired by them, and it's whispered privately 
that 961 (your Grace) would as soon leave 280, 681, 57, 233, 
46, 459 (him your deputy there) as any 81, 28 (man), so highly 
256 (you) esteem 280 (him). But this is so much contrary 
to 961, 38, letter and 896 own knowledge, that 69 hath put a 
spoke in the wheel for the present. 



124 

I think it not yet seasonable to put on the warrant 961 (your 
Grace) sent 896 concerning 994, and have written so much to 
that 481, as 961, 89 letter gave 82 a latitude in choice of time. 

My Lord, 21, 3, 99, 28, 11, 961 (I send your Grace) notice of 
258 (all) according to the best information, not willingly varying 
in a tittle from 178, 42, 176, whosoever is concerned, but under 
the tie of 961, 39, 484, 309, that it shall never prejudice 82, 
which some would too gladly receive occasion for. I am sure 
896 writes nothing which 'tis not fit, if not necessary 961 
(your Grace) should 427. 

Postscript : — I beseech your Grace to uncipher with your 
own hand. There is not much of it. 

Captain Andrew Adair to Lord Aungibr. 

1663, December 24. St. Johnstown. — This day I have got 
some intelligence that there is some dangerous plot intended 
this night, or soon after, to the British nation, and meeting 
with my friend, Mr. Paterson, I have desired him to impart 
to your Lordship, and if I get any more, if not surprised, you 
shall know speedily. 

However, we ought to take all alarms as truths, from such 
as we ought never to trust, since the 23rd October, 1641. 

Examination of James Grant. 

1663, December 24. — ^This examinate saith, that being at 
mass several times, and having discourse with one, Edmond 
Ferrall, the Priest of the Parish of Clonbrony, did say to this 
examinate, that this night, the 24th of December, 1663, 
there was a plot to cut ofif all the Protestants by the 
Irish, and that they had a commission from the King of Spain 
come to them by one. Captain Ferrall, that came lately from 
Spain, and that there was several Irish officers that came 
from Spain, and was to gather together betwixt the 
borders of the counties of Longford and Leitrim, in the woods, 
for performance of the said plot, and if they did miss the 
aforesaid night, they were to perform it ere long, and that 
this examinate was conjured by oath, by the said priest, to 
keep secret. 

An. Adair. 

Will. Langford. 

Endorsed: — Received from the Lord Aungier the 26th of 
December, 1663. 

Francis, Lord Aungier to Ormond. 

1663, December 25. Culwyn. — Having received the 
enclosed letter from Captain Andrew Adare (one of His 



125 

Majesty's Justices of the Peace in the County of Longford) 
so late last night that I was not able to make so particular 
an inquiry into that discovery he therein makes, of a plot 
intended by the Irish against the Protestants, as was fit for 
your Grace's knowledge, I did immediately despatch a letter 
to him, wherein I desired, not only conference with himself, 
but also with his intelligencer, and both of them coming to 
me this afternoon, I did, upon oath, take the enclosed 
examination. The person who makes this discovery. Captain 
Adare assures me, is a very honest man, though but of mean 
condition. He is by religion a Papist, and by country, 
a Highlander. By the former, he had the opportunity of 
being acquainted with the design, and by the latter, he 
esteemed himself obliged to prevent the mischief intended to 
his countrymen, who he thought would be sharers in the 
common calamity. The person I have sent away well 
contented with a reward, and he has engaged, within a week, 
to give me a further account of the design. He was told 
by a priest, as he was coming to me, that the plot was laid 
aside till this day sennight, but if he finds new resolutions 
taken, he has promised to give me timely advertisement of 
them. He discourses very much of some Spanish oflBcers, 
who are lately come over, and lurk in Lei trim, whose names 
he is at present ignorant of, but within a few days, he assures 
me, I shall have them. He intends, on Sunday next, to be 
at their meeting, which is appointed at one Captain Dowdall's, 
who lives not far from St. Johnstown, where I would spoil their 
sport, but that I fear thereby I should spoil my intelligence. 
In the meantime (my Lord), I have imparted this ajffair to 
Sir Arthur Forbes, and have given order, both to his troop 
and mine, to be upon their guard, and I had been now at 
Longford myself, but that I am unwilling to alarm those 
gentlemen (who I find have very strict eyes upon all my actions) 
too soon. However, the beginning of next week I intend to 
be at Longford, and if I find the Irish resolve to stir, I do 
not doubt, but with Sir Arthur, his assistance, and the 
conjunction of those few English in these parts, to prevent 
the intended mischief here. I am not (my Lord), in my own 
nature, apt to be jealous, but when I reflect upon the late 
Bebellion, and the miraculous discovery of it, I cannot but 
esteem it the best prudence not to be too secure. 

Most of those arms which were taken from the English 
in these two counties are still in the store, few of the owners 
having yet made their application to me for them, but (unless 
I receive your Grace's commands to the contrary) I shall deny 
none of the English in these parts their arms, for though 
I have made strict inquiry, I find no turbulent spirits here. 
But in the barony of Moycashell, which borders upon the 
King's County, I am informed there was, at one Major Loes, 
his house (who is an arch-fanatic), about six weeks since, a 
rendezvous of forty fanatics, who after they had stayed there 
all night, they went next morning to one Lieutenant Hawkins', 



126 

his house, who not long since removed from hence into those 
parts, but what was the occasion of their meeting, or their 
business therein transacted, I cannot yet learn. 

I had also information that Anthony Geoghagan would be 
in these parts this Christmas, but having not seen my 
intelligencer this week, I have now no certainty of it. If he 
come within my reach, your Grace may expect the strict 
performance of my duty, not only in this, but also in all other 
things that concern His Majesty's service, and that I may 
be the better able to do it, I most humbly beg, with all 
expedition, your Grace's commands and opinion upon the 
several particulars of this letter, and whether I ought, upon 
this information of this person (he giving no further discoveries 
of the design), to proceed to the disarming of the Irish, who 
are now better accoutred than they were at the beginning of 
the rebellion. I must therefore, once more, beg your Grace's 
commands, by which only I shall always steer my actions. 

Postscript: — ^The enclosed examination, taken by Captain 
Adare and Lieutenant Langford, were delivered to me since 
I despatched away the Highlander. 

My Lord, after I had sealed up this, the Highlander returned 
and assures me that nothing will be attempted sooner than 
New Year's eve, at night. Upon further examination, he 
deposes that Harry McToole, O'Neale, Henry Mc A. Gaiell, 
Captain Harry Steward, Sir Phelim O'Keale's eldest son 
(who is to marry Harry McToole's daughter, and is now 
lurking upon the confines of the counties of Longford and 
Leitrim), Lieutenant Kernan, Faghin beg Ferrall of Newtown, 
in the county of Longford, and Richard Ferrall of Mastrim, 
are the chief ringleaders, and did all take the oath at Lammas, 
and were not only at several meetings since, but were all 
together in arms at Some, near St. Johnstown, last night. 
He also says that one, Mr. Plunkett, who lives at Rive, in the 
county of Longford, being present at the association at Lammas 
last, was the only man that refused to take the oath, using 
these expressions, viz. : I was a young man at the beginning 
of the wars, and had one hundred cows then, and denied the 
Irish first and last to join with them against the English, 
and yet I lost my land; but now having got it again, I will 
have no hand in your business, nor meddle with it. This 
I give your Grace an account of, because he may prove a good 
witness. I have examined the Highlander ten times over, 
and have used all arts to find whether he would trip in his 
story, but he still repeats the same words, and says he will 
justify this discovery with his life. And really (my Lord), 
I had sent him up to Dublin, but that I have no other means, 
than by him, to get intelligence. I send this messenger on 
purpose, and, therefore, I humbly beg your Grace's commands, 
which shall with all industry and faith imaginable, be executed 
by your Grace's most faithful devoted servant, F. A. 



127 

I could wish (my Lord) there were a good garrison of foot 
at St. Johnstown, which borders so near upon the county 
of Leitrim, where all these gentlemen nestle themselves. 



Examination of James Grant. 

1663, December 25th. — ^The examination of James Grant 
taken before me this 25th day of December, 1663. 

Who being duly sworn, saith, that upon Lammas day last, 
being with about three hundred persons more (who were Irish 
Papists) in the county of Leitrim, ready to hear mass, one 
called Teige Boy, of Hasselad [?] , a priest, administered an oath 
to him the said deponent and the other persons, to be against 
all men whatsoever that were not Boman Catholics, and calling 
to this deponent to come and take his oath , this deponent asked 
him, after he had taken his oath, what he had sworn him to, 
the said Teige Boy told him that there was something to be 
done about Christmas next, against the English, Scots, and all 
others that were not of the Eoman Catholic religion, and this 
deponent saying, that having been formerly a soldier under 
His Majesty, he would never bear arms against him or any 
of his good subjects, though they were not of the same religion 
with himself, the said Teige Boy did then, by virtue of his 
oath, conjure him not to discover what he knew. 

The said deponent saith further, that about Sunday was a 
fortnight, there met near Mastrim, in the county of Longford, 
at least eight hundred fighting men, and the most of them 
armed with swords and pistols. They had four priests that said 
mass unto them, whose names he knows not, but at this 
meeting they did not discourse anything of the aforesaid plot, 
but he did then observe the chief man amongst them was 
one Captain Beilly, who came last summer out of Spain. This 
deponent further saith, that the last night there was eight 
hundred men in arms, commanded by the said Captain Beilly 
(who was also assisted by the said Teige Boy, of Hasselad, 
in person), and that their intention was to have fallen upon 
the Protestants in the county of Longford, but finding some 
in St. Johnstown in arms, and upon their guard, they 
immediately dispersed themselves, and have no resolutions of 
present action, and further, the said deponent saith not. 



Francis, Lord Aungibr to Ormond. 

1663, December 26. Culwyn. — ^Within a few hours after 
I had despatched away to your Grace my express of the 
25th instant, I changed mv resolution of staying here till the 
beginning of the next week, and immediately repaired to my 
garrison at Longford, where finding my troop in the posture 
I had ordered them, I from thence rode over to Su: Arthur Forbes, 



128 

that I might compare notes with him. He, and those 
Protestants in his parts, had been upon very severe duty 
two nights before, and were resolved, when I parted with them, 
to spend this night so too. Sir Arthur had, upon the first 
alarm, repaired to his troop at Mullingar, but that he found he 
could not stir from his own house without giving great 
disanimation to his neighbours. However, I can assure your 
Grace, his troop is in very good order, and ready upon a 
minute's warning for any service your Grace will please to 
command. It is (my Lord) at Sir Arthur's instance, that 
I at present presume to give your Grace this second trouble, 
before I have received your Grace's commands in answer to 
my first, for he, finding his own intelligence concurring very 
much with what I have, in my former, imparted to your Grace, 
is equally impatient with me till we know your Grace's positive 
directions in the present conjuncture. He desired me to 
acquaint your Grace that he has received information from 
several hands, that Ludlow^ and the Primate O'Keilly are both 
together (but where, his intelligence has not yet imparted), 
in order to a conjunction between the Nuntio-popish party 
and the Fanatics, and though there is no seeming probability 
of such an association, yet when it is considered that both are 
alike desperate, and cannot propose a more hopeful way for 
their own advantage than by fishing in troubled waters, it is 
not altogether impossible, notw'ithstanding^the distance they 
seem to be at in profession of religion , but that they may agree 
in aliquo tertio to create new troubles in these kingdoms. 
Sir Arthur desires me also to communicate to your Grace that 
he is certainly informed, that whatever design they have 
on foot is formed in the county of Leitrim, about the 
confines of which, bordering with the county of Longford, 
there has of late been a great concourse of Irish armed, 
who have at present dispersed themselves up and down 
those woody and mountainous parts, but they are so near 
together, and keep so good. correspondence, that in twenty-four 
hours' time they can draw into a considerable body. And these 
particulars he had written himself to your Grace sooner, but 
that he expects this night the return of an intelligencer, whom 
he sent away early this morning into the county of Leitrim, 
to observe the motion of those dispersed gentlemen , of whose 
actions and designs he hopes, within a day or two, to give 
your Grace a particular account. In the meantime (with all 
submission to your Grace's better judgment), we are humbly 
of opinion that, for the prevention of a surprisal (in which 
only we apprehend danger, and which the Irish may easily 
accomplish, if they intend their business heartily, because 
not only our troops now are at too great a distance for the 
timely relief of one another, if there should be occasion, but 
also the English are dispersed in small parties) both our troops 
should join, and draw down to the confines of the two counties 
(from whence the danger is expected), and that the English 
dispersed, now might gather together into a body. But this 



129 

being not to be done by us without your Grace's positive 
commands, we are at a great stand, and can at present only 
secure ourselves by being upon a continual guard, but how 
long we are able thus to hold out with perpetual watching, 
we leave to your Grace to judge. But if your Grace think fit 
that we should join our troops, and embody the English, I am 
confident we should be able, in less than two days' time, 
to make up a party of four hundred effective men, with which, 
though the Irish never so much exceed us in number, we 
make not the least question of being able to give a check to 
their present design, if they proceed to action on New Year's 
eve. This (my Lord) is Sir Arthur's humble opinion and 
mine, to which we beg your Grace's speedy resolution. In the 
meantime, we have given order to the Sheriff of the County 
of Longford to apprehend those persons (whose names I gave 
your Grace in the postscript of my last) , and we hope by this 
time to-morrow night to have as many of them as are within 
his jurisdiction. I have also engaged Captain Adare to have 
the Highlander forthcoming, who had never parted out of 
my clutches but upon an engagement of further intelligence, 
for which he desired no longer time than till to-morrove 
morning, when he promised to return again to Captain 
Adare, who is the person he pitched upon to manage our 
correspondence with the more privacy. 

I forgot, in my last, to acquaint your Grace that the 
Highlander, at parting, told me of one (whose name he knows 
not at present, but resolves to worm it out) that is very active 
in the county of Leitrim, in this design. He came the last 
summer from Rome, and now pretends himself to be employed 
by your Grace as your Falconer. 

This being the sum of what I have at present to impart, 
I most humbly beg your Grace's pardon, in the first place, for 
the length of this letter, and in the second, for the absurdities 
of it, which I hope your Grace will the easilier excuse, since 
by three nights' watching, and this day's hard riding, my 
head may be allowed to be a little out of tune, but my heart 
I assure your Grace is very good, and when I have the honour 
to receive your Grace's commands, my vigorous putting them 
in execution will demonstrate how cordially I am, etc. 

Postscript : — Sir Arthur and I have written to Sir Francis 
Hamilton's troop, with quarter in the county of Cavan, not 
far from Leitrim, to be upon their guard. 

Ormond to Eabl of Anglesey. 

1663, December 26. Dublin. — The last post brought us 
five packets, and in them your Lordship's of the Ist, 8th and 
12th of this month, which now lie before me to receive such 
answers as the solemnity of the time, which interrupts meetings 
upon business, will admit of. 

Wt. 8878 I 



130 

When the establishment transmitted was sent, it was with 
purpose to submit it to all such thrifty alterations as should 
be thought requisite there, and I agree with your Lordship 
that temporary offices and payments should be reduced to the 
same state again, and I agree to all other the retrenchments 
mentioned by you in yours of the first of this month, which 
I am now answering, all which I shall signify to Mr. Secretary, 
and both to him and you my desire that it may be returned to 
us with all convenient speed. Your Lordship advised well 
concerning Poynings' Act, and it shall be accordingly proposed. 

All I have to say, in answer to the informations you give 
of the proceedings there in order to our settlement shall be 
in this section. I conceive your sending the three papers 
delivered in by the commissioners can be no fault, but a justice 
to His Majesty's council here, and a diligence in the King's 
service, that merits thanks, nor can it, I think, be intended 
that things relating so naturally to our places should be kept 
as secrets from us. Yet to avoid any misconstruction, I shall 
only prepare what may be fit to be said from us upon them, 
and expect such a transmission of those papers as upon motion 
I believe will not be refused, and as may warrant the delivery 
of our sense upon them, wherein if you afford us the help of 
your observations, we shall make fitting use of them. I have 
read the papers but once, and that hastily, yet I dare say the 
fundamental exceptions to the last bill will find easy answers. 

I have seen nothing yet that changes my opinion, but am 
still persuaded that the readiest and most equitable way of 
settlement is, or may be, by nomination, and not by trial of 
qualifications and innocency, but I have wearied myself, and 
perhaps others, so much with the arguments that prevail 
with me, that I will not now trouble you with them. I will 
not say but that some things offered by the commissioners 
to enlarge the stock for reprisals, deficiencies and nominees, 
may carry reason and weight with them, but then it would 
be considered whether they be such as will pass here, as if 
they intrench too much upon any general interest, I doubt 
they will not. 

That the Parliament here were glad of the first Act, 
founded upon the declaration and instructions, is not I think 
doubted, their complaint and grief is (I will not determine 
how justly) that it hath not been punctually pursued. If your 
ten questions shall be satisfactorily answered, I conceive that 
complaint will be so too. 

The last of your questions, in my judgment, requires 
mature consideration and a positive solution, for if His Majesty 
shall return the bill a just and fitting one, and it will not pass, 
I doubt not he may (because that for the good and peace of 
the kingdom he must) betake himself to some other way of 
settling the properties of his subjects, at least for the present. 

I had that gracious letter from His Majesty, which he told 
you he had sent me, and another since, upon occasion of a paper 
I sent him, answering all the objections I had heard were cast 



131 

out against my way of serving him. The mischief is that 
when one contends with such dark reports he seems ridiculously 
to fight with the air, for when such fellows find themselves 
answered and discovered, they shrink away as unconcerned, 
and yet some of the sting may remain. 

I can but thank you for all you wrote in cipher, having 
nothing to return that requires the same way of expressing. 
I have not so many relations at Court, but that I fear I guess 
right who took upon him to apply my borrowed sentence, a 
liberty I ought to be allowed as having the best, if not only, 
right to it. I have not been without some thoughts of making 
the journey you mention , upon something my Lord Chancellor 
wrote to me of it. There are in it some inconveniences in 
reference to my private, and it may be said, some danger in 
regard of the public, but neither so great, but I am ready to obey 
if I am commanded. 

It is true I am not willing to be so far answerable for what 
may happen, as to propose it. You are at liberty to discourse 
of it with my Lord Chancellor, by whose opinion I will be 
governed. If it should be thought fit, you know what leave 
and directions will be in that case necessary. 

When I have assured you that your letters cannot be too 
long, and desired the continuance of them, and if your 
friendship, it remains only that I profess myself to be as I 
am, etc. 

Postscript : — Being desirous this should go with other letters, 
it hath stayed till now that yours of the 19th hath overtaken 
it, to which I find little to answer, nor can I say anything 
more to the main business, which now seems becalmed till 
it shall be again in motion, and that I know whither that 
motion tends. 

Endorsed : — A copy of my Lord's letter to the Earl of 
Anglesey. 

Ormond to Earl of Anglesey. 

1663, December 26. Dublin. — I am so confident that this 
letter will be safely put into your hands by Colonel Thomas 
Howard, that I shall venture upon a freedom in it, I should 
not trust out of cipher by the post, and that manner of 
writing is tedious to me. I have according to my belief, and 
suitable to my experience of and my friendship to your 
Lordship, upon all occasions to the King and to others, 
represented you as a person I knew to be of great ability to 
serve the crown, and who, I believed, had inclinations equal 
to those abilities, disposing you with all faithfulness to do it. 
I have in no measure changed my opinion, and of that I can 
give no better proof than the liberty I take to let you know 
I have often found, and am now of late informed, that the 
King and the Duke of York are, and have been, much 
unsatisfied with your deportment in Parliaments and Councils, 



132 

• 

and have observed that upon all questions wherein 
Nonconformists are concerned, you have always inclined to 
their favour, and cast difficulties in the way to all means that 
have been proposed to reduce them to conformity, or to secure 
the peace of the kingdom against them. 

If I should conceal from you that even in my own 
observation you have laid yourself too open to this objection, 
I should not deal so clearly and ingenuously with you as the 
friendship I profess to you requires. I know this may, and 
1 am confident does, only proceed from a charitable desire 
to do good offices, or from a belief that moderation and lenity 
is the likeliest way to gain dissenters and to establish 
tranquillity, but it may also bear a worse construction and 
create jealousy of you, especially when you are single in the 
opinion, or supported by very few, and those only such as 
have been notedly of the party ; this brings a prejudice upon 
the most reasonable things you can say, and that many times 
in matters of a differing nature from that you are believed over 
much to favour. I shall not need to enlarge myself. Your 
Lordship understands enough by this little animadversion, 
and I am sure will not suspect it can proceed from any other 
root than that of friendship and kindness. 

Endorsed : — A copy of the letter to the Earl of Anglesey. 

Sir William Scott to Sir George Lane. 

1668 [-4], January 4, Eouen. — Monseiur, J'ay receucelles qu' il 
vous a pleu m* escrire, et veu comme mon Seigneur le Due d* 
Ormond et vous ont receu le vin que je vous ay envoye ; je prie 
a Dieu que le puiriez boire aveo sante. Sir Thomas Vyner a 
paye mes letres de change avec honneur et je vous remercie du 
soing que vous en avez eu. Je ne mancqueray pas d' envoyer 
par la premiere comodit6 a son Altesse neuf tonneaus de bon vin 
de Mante derriere saison, et je suis bien aise de voir que ceus 
que je vous ay envoye cy devant sont encore bon. Je ne 
mancqueray pas aussi d 'envoyer pour vous un Tonneau de 
mesme vin de garde, 8*il y a quelque autre chose icy qui vous 
^oit agreable, je vous prie de me commander librement. 

Suis mari de voir que les arbres sont si mal oonditionnez, il 
est vray qu' ils ont est6 arrache un peu de bon heure, a cause 
que le navire ne pouvoit point attandre, mais quand ils sont 
venus a bord il estoient frais et bons, je tacheray de vous 
envoyer d' autres, que je feray accomoder a ma mode n'ayant 
pas este en ville quand on a embarque les autres. Je vous prie 
de faire mes tres humbles recommendations a son Altesse et luy 
remercier du present, qu* il luy plaist me faire d' un gelding de 
quarante pieces, j'ay escript a Sir Nicolas Armorer qu* il ne se 
hastapas a 1* achapter d'autant que j' esj)ere faire un petit tour 
en Engletere au Priatamps et alors luy aideray a bieu employer 
cet argeant. 

Puis que le transport des laines est si hautement defendu, il 
n'y faut plus penser, et par ma premiere je vous manderay, si en 



133 

autre marchandise, nous y pourons trouver nostre conte. J'ay 
veu par V imprime qu' il vous a pleu m' envoy er, la liberie que 
sa Majeste donne au^ E strangers ix)ur les animer a venir 
deuieurer en Irlande, et en ay donne communication a mes amis. 
Si je n'estois pas si advance en age, je serois bien resolu, d' 
entreprendre ce voyage avec plusieurs autres families je prie 
Dieu de benir les desseins de son Altesse et vous tenir en sa 
sainte guarde, avec Madame vostre chere moitie, vous sonhaitaut 
un bon commencement d* annee avec plusieurs autres. Je 
demeure, Monsieur, vcstre tres humble seiTiteur, Guill*'" Scott.* 

Addressed: — A Monsieur Mons' G. Lane, Chevalier, secretaire 
de raon seigneur le Due d' Ormond, vice Roy d' Yrlande a Dublin. 

Endorsed r— Sir Will. Scott, received 10th January, 1662 [-8]. 
[French] . 

Earl of Anqlesby to Ormond. 

1663 [-4], January 6. London. — On Saturday, the 2nd 
of this month, came in together a month's letters from Dublin, 
but neither I nor any other that I hear of received any from 
your Grace. I wish here were anything woii)h your knowledge 
to send to you. 

The bill hath kept as idle a Christmas as any of us. 
I reminded His Majesty yesterday of it, who hath directed it shall 
be speeded, but in what way that may bring it to a good issue 
I cannot yet see, and therefore do presume to offer to your 
Grace's consideration, whether since the Eoman Catholic Irish 
have their agents here and want not powerful assistance, it 
will not be fit at the day to which the Parliament is now 
prorogued, which I hear is to the 3rd of February, to permit 
them to meet, that they may in an humble and dutiful way 
apply themselves hither before it be too late. I am confident 
the Protestants depend so much upon your Grace's good will 
towards them, that if your Grace give or intimate your advice 
to them, it will be followed, and for that end I wish your Grace 
would summon the Lord President, and some others which 
your Grace will foresee useful, to Dublin by that time, for 
whatever becomes of things, I would not have it in the powder 
of any to say that whilst the Irish Papists had leave to come 
over and address themselves to authority here, the English 
had no means afiforded them to meet and consult their own 
settlement, or send agents to intercede for them, which I assure 
your Grace is already spoken of and lamented here. 

Though all the reasons I and others gave against putting 
the bill into the commissioners' hands could not hinder the 
doing of it, yet the inconveniences since appearing, His Majesty 
hath caused the orders touching that affair to be taken out 
of the council's book, and all papers are now, I hear, lodged 
in my Lord Chancellor's hand, the commissioners being grown 
weary of their undertaking before they had put pen to paper 
ir. it. 



The orthography of the original is followed in this transcript. 



134 

I forgot in my former letters to acquaint your Grace that 
His Majesty hath forbid Sir Kenelm Digby the Court and 
his presence, the reason is said to be because he interposed 
too far in favour of my Lord of Bristol. 

My Lord Lauderdale hath clearly run down my Lord 
Middleton, so that both his commission of General and 
Governor of Edinburgh are taken from him by His Majesty, 
the crime not yet published, but said to be his exceeding his 
authority, which matter of fact I find not agreed by my Lord 
Chancellor and divers others of His Majesty's most intimate 
councillors, yet the thing is done, and my Lord Chancellor 
and Lord Lauderdale I believe little satisfied one with the 
other. 

Your Grace hath before this time, I doubt not, received 
His Majesty's warrant for farming the Excise of ale and beer 
and ale licences for six years, for His Majesty absolutely refused 
to grant it longer. I am now to signify to your Grace that 
in favour of Father Patrick Margin, one of the Queen's priests, 
both their Majesties injoined me that some friends of his might 
have the farming of the excise in the county of Down, or at 
least some baronies thereof, giving as much as others, and 
for that end he hath named Patrick Bussell of Comanstown, 
in the barony of Lecale, and Michael Garny of the Newry, 
both in the said county, to take the same, and if your Grace 
think fit it will be easy when the farm passeth for to reserve 
this liberty for Father Patrick, whom their Majesties would 
shew some kindness to therein. 

I changed what was needful in the warrant for Gharlemont, 
which is now passed and will be sent away this post. I beseech 
your Grace to cause the 6001 to be paid to Sir Daniel Bellingham 
for my Lord Carlingford, who hath already received it here. 

I understand the affairs of the Treasury go a little backward 
in my absence. I beseech your Grace that my deputy may be 
permitted to attend you therein, and that you would please 
to quicken the Lord Chief Baron in sending pursuivants by 
order of Court for offenders or failers in payment, or that it 
may be done by order of council, for unless they be so awakened 
the people will grow every day slower in payment, which will 
be mischievous in conclusion, and Hilary Term will be a good 
time to be prefixed by a quick proclamation for all His Majesty's 
accountants, farmers, tenants, and officers and debtors, to bring 
in what is due. Sir Paul Davies will easily find precedents, 
and unless they be stirred up sometimes by proclamation, they 
will think there is no need of money when it's most wanting. 

Postscript : — Mr. Davyes was removed last Saturday in the 
evening from the Tower by water, it's not yet known whither. 

The French King hath refused our King's expedient of his 
Ambassador having audience without public entry, but we have 
found good precedents for the right of our Ambassador's 
precedence to the Princes of the blood, and I was^with His 



135 

Majesty yesterday, who in discourse privately of this affair, 
assured me he would not bate them an ace of what his 
predecessors enjoyed. If France persist, I believe my Lord 
HoUis will speedily be recalled. 

Francis, Lord Aungier to Ormond. 

1663 [-4], January 5. Culwyn. — Since I had the honour 
of receiving both your Grace's letters of the 27th and 28th 
of the last month, I have used all industry imaginable to find 
out by other hands the truth of Grant's information, but 
through the ill conduct of Captain Adare, by whose oversight 
not only the particulars of the examination, but also the 
informer himself have been made public, those in the •county 
of Leitrim are so upon their guard that neither Sir Arthur 
Forbes nor I can get any further information of Grant's 
intelligence, but that the gentry of Leitrim have frequent 
consultations with the priests in private, of which the common 
people are very apprehensive and fear the j-esult of it, though 
they are wholly ignorant of what is in debate amongst them. 
This information we had from one Larkan who is accused 
by Grant to have been present at the mass at Lammas when 
the oath of secrecy was given, but both the oath and 
confederacy Larkan wholly disavows. Grant and he have 
confronted one another, the former as stiffly avowing his 
information as the other denies it. Larkan, we have 
committed to the goal at Longford as a felon, having had 
several complaints against him for horses stolen by him, and 
we have directed the gaoler to use him with the more severity, 
because we hope thereby to draw him to a further confession. 
But whatever becomes of him as to the plot, we have enough 
against him to hang him as a felon, for he is a very notorious 
villain. 

As for Grant, because by his being discovered, I found there 
was no further use to be made of him as an intelligencer, 
1 have secured him at Longford, partly to secure him from 
danger from the Irish (who before he was secured were very 
inquisitive after him, and observed to lurk about his house 
early and late) , but chiefly to have him forthcoming to justify 
his information, in which he is so confident and resolute that 
he presses much to be brought face to face with those whom* 
he has accused. But because I have no further evidence 
than from himself, I have not thought it fit to apprehend any 
other persons, or proceed any further in this affair without 
your Grace's particular directions, which I most humbly beg 
with as much expedition as may be, because I find it 
troublesome to keep Grant, whom (that I may not by his 
example discourage intelligencers) I have directed to be kindly 
treated, and not in the nature of a close prisoner, having 
recommended him to the care and oversight of some of my 
troop till I receive your Grace's orders concerning him. 
On Monday last T had some discourse with Mr. Plunkett, who 



136 

with bitter execrations denies every syllable of Grant's 
information concerning him. And yesterday morning Teige 
Boy, the Priest, came to me at Castle Forbes just as I was 
taking horse for this place, and I finding his errand was to 
clear himself of Grant's information, I waived all particular 
discourse of it, and treated him only as a visitant. 

As to the restitution of arms, I shall most strictly pursue 
your Grace's directions. 

Ormond to Earl op Anglesey. 

1663 [-4], January 9. Dublin.— Yours of the 22nd of the 
last is, I think, the only letter of yours that I have not 
answered, and there is little in that requiring more than the 
acknowledgment that I have received it with much 
satisfaction. 

Now that the holidays are over, I doubt not but our Irish 
affair is again resumed. I am glad I was mistaken, and that 
my Lord Chancellor is not for the way of trials, but sure 
the words of his letter were apt to lead me into the mistake. 
I am reasonably well prepared to give a list of persons fit for 
the King's nomination, but not knowing what proportion 
will be designed for them, it will not be possible to make it 
certain. Some have deserved more eminently than others 
His Majesty's grace, and if there must be preference it is fit 
they have it. In this I shall employ some part of my time 
and pains to make myself more capable of satisfying the King, 
if he shall think fit to call upon me. 

My son Bichard will I doubt not have seen you before this 
comes to your hands, he was weary of this place and I was 
not willing he should totally surfeit of it. He is now a 
man of a certain estate, if there be any such here, and says 
he will look out for a wife and make himself a settled man. 
Let him have your good advice. I have of late written often 
and very freely to 571 (the King), and I conceive what was 
fit for him to know and think seriously of. 

On Monday next I go for some refreshment to Maddenstovvn , 
and to fit myself to endure a longer journey if I should be 
called upon, as 'tis possible I may be. 

Endorsed : — Copy of my Lord Duke's letter to my Lord of 
Anglesey. 

Earl of Anglesey to Ormond. 

1663 [-4], January 12. London. — Your Grace's of the 
double date of the 26th and 31st of December, I received the 
sixth instant, which is the only letter of your Grace's which 
I have by me unanswered, and therein your Grace takes notice 
of the receipt of all my letters to and of the 19th of the last 
month. (I have, since I received your Grace's, had large 
discourse with 984 (Lord Chancellor), to whom I shewed 



187 

yours, he telling me that 961 (your Grace) had written but a 
few lines to him last post, 111 (we) concluded it best for 961 
(your Grace) to 194 (come) for 843 (England) in all respects. 
The difficulty was how it might be done with safety to 641 
(Ireland), and be set on foot by 854 (King of England), and 
made use of for the satisfaction of the 842 (English), whereupon 
984 (Lord Chancellor) and 896 (Earl of Anglesey) agreed to 
proceed in this manner.^ First, the 120, 24, 25 (bill) and all 
the papers being now in 984, 68, 28, 11, 37 (Lord Chancellor's 
hands), the 836, 129, 38 (commissioners) having been so wise 
as to discover the 688 (business) a weight above their strength, 
as easy as it appeared before 388 (they) lifted at it, and 
thereupon 554, 354 (desiring) to be 273, 12 (freed) of it, 854 
(Lord Chancellor) consented, and the orders concerning that 
reference are by 856 (King's) direction taken 371 (out) of the 
692, 121, 30, 23 (council book). I think I foretold 961 
(your Grace) this would be the issue, and a month's time lost. 
We conceive that it's fit first a 149, 129 (letter) be prepared 
and written by 571 (the King) to the 938, 298, 641 (Parliament 
of Ireland) taking notice of the difficulties unexpectedly arisen, 
and to 571, 37 (King's) grief in the settlement of Ireland, 
after 854 (His Majesty) had consented to pass whatsoever was 
proposed to 280 (him), and out of tenderness to 139, 726 (his 
people), taking notice that the Parliament having been from 
time to time prorogued whilst there was hope of preparing 
something to pass which might remove obstructions, by means 
thereof none have been sent over to attend proceedings, and it 
becoming now necessary both for 571, 88 (the King's) information 
and 139, 726, 39 (his people's) satisfaction that some members 
of 938 (Parliament) should come over and assist in this affair, 
that therefore he had directed 961 (your Grace) to continue 
the 938 (Parliament) for some time, that at their meeting they 
might agree to send a 621, 40, 13, 14, 3, 106 (committee to) 
attend 280 (him). This rise being given will be so pleasing 
to 938 (Parliament) that then 961 (your Grace) may come also 
and leave all your concernments in great safety 459 (there) 
for which end a letter will be written also by 571 (the King) 
to 961 (your Grace) ; in the meanwhile 961 (your Grace) may 
be thinking who to leave 424, 21, 53, 37 (Justices), and all 
things considered 896 (Earl of Anglesey) is of opinion 985, 998, 
399 (and) Sir Henry Tichborne may be the fittest to make 
choice of. And 961 (your Grace) need not doubt but if what 
is intended to be done this way succeed, which I hope shall be 
carried with such secrecy that it shall not be known here till 
acted there, 984 (Lord Chancellor) and 896 (Earl of Anglesey) 
will take care to have all so done and by such warrants that 
961 (your Grace) nor the public may suffer in the least. My 
Lord, ciphers make me I doubt write but a broken style, but 
I hope your Grace will understand my meaning. 

Concerning the establishment, I shall advise with Mr. 
Secretary Bennett as soon as I understand your Grace's letter 
comes to him in the way your last mentions. 



138 

984 (Lord Chancellor) agrees that it be moved that the 
papers be all sent 961 (your Grace), upon which there will 
be good ground to proceed, as 961 (your Grace) mentions, and 
I assure 996 (you) he hath good reasons to persist in his opinion 
that what 69 (he) and 243, 692 (the council) there have done 
is best, for most begin to be of that opinion 350 (here), and 
243, 836, 129, 37 (the commissioners) are much sunk in the 
esteem was 298, 389 (of them), and have been so wise as 
neither to answer nor discourse any of the ten questions. 

The reports are now grown dark indeed since your Grace 
sent the paper you mention to His Majesty, yet I am of opinion 
your Grace did wisely not to slight them, and now the authors 
see your Grace is awake, you will be less troubled with them. 
Something 961 (your Grace) hath written to one here hath a 
little alarmed those who were cold friends, if not enemies. 
896 (Earl of Anglesey) is certainly informed that 992 (Lord 
Muskery) being reproved by 139, 61, 243, 36 (his father) upon 
a letter of 961 (your Grace) for appearing too much to 69, 118 
(heed) the 568 (Irish) and some other particulars, that 431 
(Lord) casting about who should correspond with 996 (Ormond) 
concerning what passeth here, concluded it must be 896 (Earl 
of Anglesey), though I am sure 21 (I) never mentioned that 
of his 69, 118, 354 (heeding) the 568 (Irish), though I must 
now say it's too true, and I am glad 961 (your Grace) gave him 
notice of it. 918 (Sir Geo. Hamilton's) son is also much 
jealoused by 389 (them). By which 961 (your Grace) may see 
who they take to be 996, 484, 37 (Ormond's friends) now, 
though I doubt not many more will be so when 961 (your 
Grace) appears 350 (here). 

Cl wish 99, 9, 51, 86, 40 (Sec. Bennett) were 4 (a) thorough 
484 (friend) to 996 (Ormond). I am sure if 896 (Earl of 
Anglesey) may believe 918 (Sir Geo.) son, he endeavoured 
lately to persuade him 961 (your Grace) did not care for him , 
and would never do anything for him. He answered discreetly 
he could not serve 961 (your Grace) enough for what 996 (you) 
had done for 280 (him) already.^ 

Kew and extravagant proposals have been lately made to 
896 (Earl of Anglesey) about putting the settlement of Ireland 
in another way, and I was assured from those who think they 
can do much that if 896 (he) would in with them he should 
guide all and have what advantages he pleaseth. After time 
taken to consider, he answered, being 4, 692, 129 (a councillor) 
to 571 (the £jng) he durst not but keep himself free to do 
as should be advisable on debate 212, 692 (in council). Out 
of what design this was made, I cannot tell. It might (if 
it could have taken) been made use of either to promote 
their designs or blast 896 (Earl of Anglesey's) integrity, which 
69 (he) hopes ever to preserve. 

431, 96, 85, 77 (Lord Ranelagh) his design is stopped. 



139 

I will not write how few here promote what 961 (your Grace) 
desires; when 996, 194, 37, 69 (Ormond comes, he) will be 
fully informed of all, and I doubt all things will settle to 961, 
83, 28, 11 (your Grace's mind). 

Your nephew Hamilton, when he was last with me, seemed 
to wonder 961 (your Grace) had made known nothing of his 
mind to Mr. Attorney General concerning 246, 688 (the 
business) of 641 (Ireland), which he told me he acquainted 
996 (Ormond) he was desirous to know, and though 984 (Lord 
Chancellor) and 896 (Earl of Anglesey) will inform him as there 
is occasion, yet it were not in my opinion amiss he knew 961 
(your Grace) had directed it so to be. I believe I shall soon have 
occasion to write again to your Grace, and shall therefore 
cease for the present further wearying myself or your Grace. 

Postscript : — I entreat your Grace to uncipher yourself. 

Endorsed : — Received 24th January, 1663 [-4]. 

Ormond to Lord Aungier. 

1663 [-4], January 12. Dublin Castle. — We received your 
Lordship's of the 5th on the 8th of this instant, and as to 
Larkan we need give your Lordship no directions concerning 
him, but as to Graut we think fit that he be set at liberty to 
follow his occasions, if there be no other matter appearing 
against him , which being all we have to say in answer to your 
said letter, we bid your Lordship very heartily farewell. 

Endorsed : — ^A copy of his Grace's letter to the Lord Aungier. 

Eakl of Anglesey to Ormond. 

1663 [-4], January 16. London. — ^I received yesterday 
your Grace's of the 9th of this month, and my Lord of Arran 
is expected in town this night, to whom my advice and utmost 
service shall not be wanting. 

Since my last I had much discourse with 984 (Lord 
Chancellor) , and am to have more on Monday next, and though I 
will not yet positively conclude anything, yet because I hold it 
necessary for 961 (your Grace) to know apprehensions as well as 
certainties, 896 hath desired me to acquaint your Grace that 
he doubts 246, 568, 836, 129, 37 (the Irish commissioners) by 
387 (their) frequent discourses, which are now carried on more 
dangerously in private since 388 (they) openly seemed to 
excuse 389, 99, 24, 109, 38 (themselves) from meddling 322, 
246, 120, 24, 25 (with the bill), have made some impressions 
on 984 (Lord Chancellor), which will not so easily be removed 
as they might have been prevented, had the course now taken 
been apprehended ; for 896 (Earl of Anglesey) finds that 984 
(Lord Chancellor) hath been strongly pressed with the 
expediency of casting all the 101, 24, 11, 21, 129, 46 (soldiery) 
that are 225, 368 (not now) of the 613 (Army). I mean with 
reference to the time of the declaration, and to do that upon 
the point of 399 (arid) and 88 (or) , against which so much will 
occur to 961 (your Grafce), that I will trouble your Grace 



140 

no further with it at present. The pretence is to find more 
reprisals, but what need will there be of any if 258 (all) that 
are not of the 613, 51, 52, 167 (Army be cast). All will then 
almost fall of course 106, 243, 568 (to the Irish). The King 
will lose his rents, and that kingdom remain very insecure. 
I hope nothing will be concluded till 21, 99, 13, 3, 961, 140, 
14 (I see your Grace here). 

Colonel Jeffreys is preparing to go settle with his family 
in Ireland, and I find him so much your Grace's servant that 
I cannot but remember your Grace of him, that in the removes 
that happen he may rise above a Lieutenant, unless your 
Grace continue in your intention of having him Adjutant 
General with the pay of a corporal of the field, which I see 
are now added to the establishment. 

The Court goes into short mourning to-morrow for the 
Duchess of Savoy. 

("Eighteen are found guilty at York of the late Treason, 
among the rest one Ralph Rimer, a kind of fifth monarchy 
man of about 400Z a year estate.") 

(969 is in more favour than 239, 120, 39 (she was) and 167, 
42, 119, 40 (Stuart) is thought 106, 51, 322, 123, 21, 29, 12 
(to be with child)T) 

1 beseech your Grace to uncipher this yourself. 



Earl of Anglesey to Ormond. 



1663 



-4], January 23. London. — Your Grace's letter 
of the 26th of December, by Colonel Thomas Howard, came 
safe to my hands the 19th of this month, and as I was before 
imder great obligations to your Grace for your favour and 
friendly representations of me to His Majesty and others, so 
I am by this letter of your Grace's engaged beyond as well 
possibility of acknowledgment as return, insomuch that I 
should injure the efficacy and kindness of it if I did not confess 
that, though I knew my own weakness too well not to believe 
I had given some cause in Parliament and Council for those 
to find fault whom I most desired to observe and please, when 
1 found them unsatisfied with me, yet I had never knowledge 
of the particular till your Grace at once informed and convinced 
me with so gentle and charitable a hand, that I have little 
more to say for myself than your Grace's kindness hath 
prevented me in. 

Your Grace, I am sure, will believe me when I aver that 
I have industriously avoided to be or appear of a party or 
faction, and though I might err in judgment, I never failed 
in affection to His Majesty's service, and accordingly delivered 
my counsel at all times with faithfulness, and do heartily 
wish there may never be cause to return to some of those 
counsels wherein I intended service to His Majesty, though 
they produced only prejudice to myself and to what I might 
reasonably offer in other things. 



141 

That which I most wonder at is that your Grace should 
be informed that of late there hath been dissatisfaction at my 
deportment. I cannot accuse myself to have deserved it, 
and His Majesty and his Royal Highness their increasing 
favour to me and profession of satisfaction makes me hope 
your Grace will hear no more in that kind, as you may rest 
assured I shall hereafter shew myself to have profited so well 
by your Grace's friendly animadversion, that when true 
mention shall be made of my words or actions, your Grace shall 
be satisfied you have not flung away your noble and good advice. 
And since I find by your Grace's esteem and care of me that 
you would not only fix me entirely to His Majesty's service, 
but take occasion from thence to do me good, I have only 
further to beg that I may never want your Grace's instruction 
and reprehension whensoever you shall apprehend it needful, 
and till then your charitable belief that I am your Grace's 
real proselyte. 

My Lord Chancellor was for three days almost freed of the 
gout, but is a little relapsed, which obstructs our Irish affairs. 
I had lately long discourse with him and have fully satisfied 
him from the Act itself, etc., that and in the vesting clause 
for the soldiers ought to be understood or, wherein some had 
taken too much pains to persuade his Lordship otherwise. 
As soon as he can speak with the King, matters will I believe 
be put into the way I mentioned in my last letter but one, 
and I doubt not all will go at length to your Grace's mind. 
The Irish themselves are now I hear for nomination there as 
fiercely as it was decried at first. His Majesty received my 
Lord of Arran with high expression of kindness and favour, 
and I have advised him to keep constantly with His Majesty, 
which he finds to be the best course. 

The French King inclines to give us satisfaction concerning 
the entry of our Ambassador. Our fleet of eleven ships is 
despatched for Algiers, and Sir Eichard Fanshaw, Ambassador 
for Spain, began his journey on Thursday last. Sir John 
Berkenhead being sworn Master of Requests in his place. 
One Bacon, the son of him who was called Plush Bacon, 
is sent to Newgate for offering a lOOZ to one to pistol or stab 
the Master of the Bolls, being displeased it seems with a decree 
made against him. 

[Postscript: — My Lord Bristol is confidently reported to 
have been twice at Church at Wimbledon last Lord's day, 
and after evening service to have ridden thence again. \ 

Obmond to Earl of Anglesey. 

1663 [-4], January 27. Dublin.— The post bark last 
arrived brought six mails together. In them I had yours 
of 5th, 9th, and 16th of this month. You will not wonder 
or complain if we on this side be not so frequent in our letters, 
there being so little to be written hence and so much to be 
expected thence. 



142 

I am not fully satisfied with the method and expedient 
fallen upon by my Lord Chancellor and your Lordship. I have 
given him my objections to them and shall not need to repeat 
them. 

The farmers had their lease under the great seal before I 
received yours mentioning the King's and Queen's pleasure 
concerning Father Patrick's friends, so that it is out of the 
King's power to resume any part of it without their consent. 
The warrant for the purchase of Charlemont is not yet come, 
but all things are ready against it shall. Care shall then be 
taken for the 500/ assigned by my Lord Caulfeild to my Lord 
Carlingford, that it be paid to Sir D. Bellingham. 

Your deputy has as frequent access to me as he desires, 
and shall have all the assistance and compulsories, ordinary 
and extraordinary, to bring in the King's dues, which he shall 
propose, for Sir Paul Davys says much of what you desired is 
already done from the Board. If anything remain to do, it 
shall be supplied. 

I have by this post written to Mr. Secretary Bennett to 
hasten the return of the establishment,, with such alterations 
as His Majesty shall think fit to give it. Till it come, the 
Marshal's men, warders and other charges will continue. 

I expect the arrival of the next post bark with more 
impatience than I did the last. It is. uneasy to be upon so 
much uncertainty as these last letters have left us, though 
they look more tending to a good conclusion than the former. 

Endorsed : — A copy of my Lord Duke's letter to my Lord of 
Anglesey. 

Earl of Anglesey to Obmond. 

1663 [-4], January 30. London. — Having nothing worthy 
your Grace's knowledge to write this post, my Lord 
(/hancellor's relapse keeping the bill yet at a stand, Mr. Archer 
your Grace's old servant, brought me the inclosed, earnestly 
desiring me to accompany it with a word or tw^o to your Grace 
for a favourable despatch thereof, without which he saith he 
is quite undone, and truly I believe he is much put to it and 
altogether unable to carry his family into Ireland. His Majesty 
hath also despatched a letter this post for .a custodium to 
Captain Roose, who hath that interest at Somerset House that 
I take the freedom to recommend the passing thereof to your 
Grace. 

The Irish are much crestfallen of late, and I hope the King's 
resolution is so well set for making a lasting settlement of 
Ireland that I believe they will insult no more. 

This day was celebrated with great solemnity, the 
anniversary of the late King's martyrdom. It's said the 
King of France and the Pope are agreed. 



143 

I understand your Grace is upon reducing payments to the 
old way of being half-yearly, which I think will be best for 
the Treasury and Army. And if, besides the diligence of my 
oflBce and the Court of Exchequer, pursuivants may be sent 
for the greatest defaulters, I hope to bring it so about that 
the Army and Civil List may be punctually paid half-yearly 
as before the rebellion, which will also bring great quiet to 
your Grace. 

I have not yet received authentic notice of the new farmers 
entering upon the farm of customs and excise at 55,0001 a 
year, yet being by a sure hand informed thereof, I have 
called upon Sir Martin Noel and the two Bences to enter into 
forty thousand pounds security here for performance, which 
is ordered by His Majesty in Council, and I held it my duty 
to take this care because I doubt they have overshot themselves 
in bidding, and it's no reason since they took it out of other 
hands that offered to secure payment, that His Majesty should 
be at an uncertainty for his rent. 

Postscript : — ^The *49 men have gotten their security out of 
charge in the Exchequer, insomuch as the King's chief rent 
is not paid by them. I beseech your Lordship to give order 
herein for they are to pay the same chief rent for the lands 
in their security as adventurers and soldiers, and they are 
now three years in arrear. I have directed " Sir Daniel 
Bellingham to attend your Grace about it. 

Ormond to Earl op Anglesey. 

1663 [-4], February 5. Dublin. — Since my last, which 
acknowledged the receipt of three of yours, no packet hath 
arrived here, to the greater trouble of others than of me, 
who had rather be assured our business is done than how 
it is doing. 

I forgot in my last to observe to your Lordship that the 
authentic copies of the commissioners' papers promised were 
not then come. If there shall be a full agreement upon the 
amendments to the bill they will be of the less use, for if 
things do yet go well forward I am not for looking back upon 
the rubs that are laid in our way. Tour Lordship hath 
of late said nothing of the proceeding to recover the subsidies 
of the Irish Lords residing in England. You know that, 
though the sum should prove but small, our occasions for it 
here are not so, and that we need all helps to make ends meet. 

Upon consideration of the Act giving the King the revenue 
upon fire-hearths, it is found not only so defective for the 
bringing it in, but such strict provision made against the 
farming of it with such indispensable penalties upon farmers, 
that till the Act shall be mended and explained by a new one 
it must remain as it is in collection as the law appoints. 
It will be therefore till then needless to send any authority 
from the King to farm it; it is referred to a committee to 



144 

consider of a new bill when it shall be brought them by the 
King's council. I have since my last, and not before, 
considered of the account given your Lordship by Sir James 
Shaen of money laid out by him to facilitate the sending of 
the money sent by His Majesty for the service of this kingdom. 
Some of the persons I am confident would not take money 
upon that account, and others I am sure could not contribute 
to the getting it. In short, I like it not, nor can allow of it 
since it is such as cannot be passed when the account of that 
money shall be taken. 

Will. Legg tells me of some provisions that are to be sent 
to our magazines here. I know not the nature or proportions 
of them, but nothing can come amiss ; if it be necessary that 
anything be undertaken for payment of the freight, your 
Lordship will take care of it. 

Postscript : — Whatever shall be determined of my going 
into England or stay there, my wife intends, when the spring 
is a little more advanced, to make a journey over, partly to 
return her daughters to their families, and partly to take 
better advice for her health (which she finds much impairing) 
than she thinks she can have here. She does not wish to 
be in the town nor far off it, and likes Chelsey best of any 
place for such an occasion. If your Lordship would employ 
some fit person to take her up convenient lodgings, or some 
small house, whether furnished or unfurnished, you would 
do her a great favour. The times she stays will not be long, 
which will make the rate of hire dearer, but that she will 
willingly undergo. 

Endorsed : — A copy of the letter to the Earl of Anglesey. 

Copy. 

Earl of Anglesey to Ormond. 

1663 [-4], February 9. London. — Your Grace's of the 
27th of the last month I received the third instant, but have 
been of late so ill of the gout that I have been in no case to 
write, and indeed I know of nothing to write concerning the 
main business more than your Grace hath already intimated 
to you, neither have I through indisposition been able to go 
of late to my Lord Chancellor's, who is also yet tied to his chair. 

The last time I was at council, Mr. Secretary Bennett 
assured me he would speedily bring on the establishment, 
which I urged to him the necessity of despatching. 

I expected Sir Paul Davys or my Lord Chief Baron would 
have transmitted me a copy of the contract made there with 
the farmers of the customs and imported excise, or at least 
of the bond entered into by them there, that I might take 
security here from Sir Martin Nowell and the Bences, since 
I understood they entered upon the farm at Christmas last, 
yet I counted it my duty, since I was not furnished with the 
contract (doubting much that duty will not come in to answer 



145 

the King's rent), to get security from them here in general 
with reference to a contract made there with them, which 
accordingly I got ordered at council for my Lord Treasurer 
or the Chancellor of the Exchequer to take in 40,000/ 
recognizance, but if I had the contract, I should get it done 
more formally. 

I find your Grace mistook my letter concerning Father 
Patrick Magin, which was for his friends having the farm 
of the inland excise in the County of Down, which whosoever 
are farmers general will not I believe refuse to give them 
preference in since the King and Queen desire, and that if 
it be under the seal is but for one year as I understand, though 
the other farm be for six years, but if it be past recovery for 
this year I hope your Grace will charge Sir George Lane, 
and give me leave to remember you of it next year. 

I humbly acknowledge your Grace's favour in the free access 
which my deputy acquaints me he hath to your Grace about 
revenue matters. I hope after the Parliament hath met and 
sat awhile, I shall come away and attend my duty myself, for 
sure the commissioners having told all their story, matters 
will now come to a conclusion. I shall say nothing of my 
Lord of Arran because he hath written at large by his own 
servant, only that he flies at a fair game, and none shall more 
wish and assist his good success than myself. 



Earl of Anglesey to Ormond. 

1663 [-4], February 13. London.— Your Grace's of the 
5th current I received the 11th, and though several of mine 
were then upon the way I doubt not they are since come to 
hand, and by this time I hope your Grace hath received my 
Lord Chancellor's large letter concerning the bill, etc., by my 
Lord Arran 's man, which spares me the troubling your Grace 
with any account of those matters, and though I am not fully 
satisfied with laying aside the course first discoursed of by my 
Lord Chancellor and I, concerning the Parliament meeting 
and the King's writing to them, etc., yet I acquiesce in your 
Lordship's better judgment. But hope all will be made by 
your Grace's coming, which I conclude is the only way to 
crown the work, and therefore I beseech you to be not shy of it. 

In the meanwhile, according to the command of your Grace's 
letter, I have employed others and been at Chelsey myself 
to find a convenient house for my Lady, and have pitched 
upon that which was Sir Arthur Gorges' , if I can prevail with 
the owner to let it for the summer time only, which he hath 
taken time to consider; it will fit my Lady Duchess, but her 
Grace must furnish it. I intend to take it if I can from Lady 
Day to Michaelmas, or if her Grace would have it longer 
T desire to know her pleasure with speed, because now country 
air will be sought after, or if my Lady will have lodgings only 
Wt. 8878 J 



146 

furnished, I desire to know the number and time her Grace 
will use them. Until her Grace can have time to fit herself, 
she may have the use of my house furnished, fourteen miles 
from London. I desire her Grace's resolution, and I shall 
serve her to her mind. 

I hope your Grace will have no need now of any more of 
the commissioners* papers ; they are grown much more pliable 
and conformable to others' reason, but if I see need they shall 
be yet transmitted. My Lord Ashley will take over the 
certiorari for the Irish Lord's subsidies who live in England 
to be sent. 

Sir James Shaen is much damped at your Grace's answer, 
and says he never did business for himself to occasion his 
laying out that sum, but employed it according to the account 
thereof sent. 

I shall take care of the freight of any ammunition or 
provisions that Mr. Legge will despatch if it be required. 

(Postscript : — There is some danger of our breach with the 
Dutch, and the French do not yet come as well with us.^ 

Earl of Anglesey to Ormond. 

1663 [-4] , February 22. London. — I received your Grace's 
of the 10th of this month, since the receipt whereof I have been 
so indisposed of the gout, which yet continues, that I have 
been tied to my bed and couch ; only upon Saturday last, in 
the morning, being appointed by His Majesty for the meeting 
of the committee for Irish affairs to receive an account of the 
bill which hath been so long under consideration elsewhere, 
.1 adventured by the help of a staff as strong as a crutch, big 
indeed with expectation of finding something suitable to the 
great expectation Sir Alan Brodrick hath given your Grace 
of the work being ready for us. I met there many of the 
committee upon the same hopes, and Mr. Solicitor with some 
of the commissioners of Ireland were present, but when we 
demanded of the commissioners (Sir Richard Eainsford being 
absent) whether they had anything ready for the committee's 
consideration, they answered they had not, neither was 
anything reduced to writing in all the debates they had at 
the Lord Chancellor's ; Mr. Solicitor being called upon to offer 
what he had ready, made the same answer, and did protest 
it was so long since they had met at my Lord Chancellor's 
that, nothing of their debates or resolutions being reduced to 
writing, all was out of his memory, and that hearing the King 
the day before appoint the committee to meet that morning 
occasioned his coming, hoping to hear some news from Ireland : 
in fine, the committee finding nothing ready for them, yet that 
if anything was resolved upon there might be time to frame 
it in writing, adjourned till Thursday morning next, and 
appointed Mr. Solicitor and all the Irish commissioners then 
to attend, that so they might give account that afternoon to 



147 

His Majesty and the council (who have appointed then to sit) 
in what state they found matters. Coming home, I called 
at my Lord Chancellor's, and acquainting his Lordship what 
had passed, he wondered they were ready to offer nothing, 
yet did not gainsay what they had asserted that nothing was 
reduced to writing, but confessed, as I had told the committee 
and my Lord Chancellor had formerly discoursed with me, 
that the chief aim in this calling the committee together was 
to possess them again of the bill which came from Ireland 
(and which it's concluded can only be the foundation of 
settlement), that thereupon and upon what should be offered 
from the commissioners and Solicitor out of the debates 
occasionally had at Worcester House, the council might 
themselves debate and resolve what to pass and what to amend 
in the bill, and unless (as I am apt to believe) there have or 
shall be meetings since Saturday to agree upon something 
in writing, we shall on Thursday receive the naked bill again 
as it came from Ireland with verbal considerations thereupon. 
So that your Grace may perceive that Sir Alan Brodrick in 
what he wrote to you let his fancy outrun his own or his 
brethren's actings or resolutions ; and your Grace may conceive 
me very negligent, as ill in health as I am, if matters were 
so near a close as they were represented by him to your Grace 
and I should give you no particular account of them; and after 
all, Irish things may be so well despatched here that there 
may be no need of your Grace's coming over (which is much 
discoursed of here as like to be sudden, though I tell all that 
speak to me of it I believe no such thing, but think it a mistake 
upon my Lady Duchess her intention to come). In short, 
your Grace, notwithstanding what Sir Alan wrote, may rest 
assured my Lord Chancellor's last large letter by Lord 
Arran's man, and what I now write, is a full account of all 
that is proposed or in motion concerning the bill. 

I shall only add that I am so doubtful in divided counsels 
what will be done in this affair, that my resolution is to procure 
your Grace and the council, if I can, a view by order of what 
is like to be, that it may finally settle the better by the 
assistance of your reasons and opinions. I have resolved 
as soon as the bill is ready, which I am confident will not be 
till the Parliament hath sat many weeks , to come away with 
it as your Grace thinks expedient, and by that time I shall 
have done His Majesty what service I shall be able in. the 
Parliament, if any can be done. And if your Grace will 
be pleased to respite Captain Kesse his return till then and 
preserve his custodium to him, I doubt not to make good use 
of him here and that he will deserve your Grace's favour 
therein, which I have given him hope I shall receive in your 
Grace's next to me. 

I doubt that not only the three months' pay now due, viz., 
to the end of January, but the next three months ending in 
April must be paid before your Grace can settle to half-yearly 



348 

payments which are to be desired afterwards, and I hope I 
shall compass against Michaelmas term and thenceforward. 
I have therefore written to Sir Daniel Bellingham to bestir 
himself in order to the paying the Army the last and the three 
months current, that we may have the whole summer free 
to get in the next half-year's payment, by which time I hope 
the new men shall be better settled. I have written in pain 
to great weariness and I fear shall trouble your Grace to 
read my scribble. I therefore take leave at present and 
remain. 



Earl op Anglesey to Ormond. 

1663 [-4], February 27. London.— The Lord Baltimore 
having communicated to me some certificates of Sir Henry 
Tichborne, Sir Francis Hamilton, Sir Paul Davies and others, 
concerning Mr. James Talbot's of Ballyconnell, his demeanour 
during the Kebellion of Ireland, which will also be showed 
your Lordship, whereby it seems to me (if nothing to the 
contrary be known to your Grace or shall be discovered there) 
that he will be fit to be one of those to be named in the new 
Act as an object of His Majesty's grace and favour, since 
having taken lands in Connaught he was postponed from 
having his innocency tried within the time limited without 
any failing on his part. And being a brother-in-law of my Lord 
Baltimore, for whom I have a great honour, and who merits 
civilities from all that knows him, 1 have presumed, since 
his Lordship is pleased to conceive it may be of use to his 
brother-in-law, to trouble your Grace with a line or two to 
accompany what his Lordship intends to write to your Gra<;e 
in the behalf of Mr. Talbot, who as I remember, when he 
applied himself here upon the passing the Bill of Settlement, 
was esteemed so innocent as not to need any particular 
provision in the bill, which now by elapse of the time for 
adjudging innocency is become necessary to his preservation, 
which I recommend to your Grace's justice. 

Lady Went worth to Sir Geo. Lane. 

1663 [-4] , February 18. London. — I am newly come to 
London to look after that little pension I had given me, of 
which I have not yet seen one shilling, but at my coming to 
town I received a letter from Mr. Leeson , who lets me know 
that Mr. Flaningham is in waiting in the Duke's guards, for 
which I give you my humble thanks and shall acknowledge 
your great kindness in this business as long as I live, you 
being the only person that has performed his word to me 
since the irreparable loss of my dear Lord. I hope your 
blessings will be doubled for it ; I am sure it shall ever be 
the prayers of. Sir, your faithful , humble, and obedient servant, 
Philadelpha Went worth. 



]49 

Postscript : — Sir, if you think it fit, pray present my most 
humble duty to his Grace the Duke of Ormond, with my humble 
thanks for this great favour to Mr. Flaningham. I would have 
writ to his Grace myself, but for fear of giving him too great 
trouble. Sir, one thing more I shall desire. We hear 
Mr. Bolstrode is got into Ireland ; if you do light on so great 
a rogue pray charge him with five hundred pounds of plate 
he has stolen from me, and you wdll do me a great kindness, 
for I hope he will be taken in Ireland. 

Earl of Anglesey to Ormond. 

1663 [-4], March 8. London. — When I acquaint you 
that I write this in my bed, where an extreme fit of the gout 
hath made me a prisoner many days, I know your Grace 
will not expect I should say much, and indeed the slow progress 
of affairs here gives me little occasion but to lament your 
Grace's absence, and the unsteadiness of our resolutions and 
ungroundedness of discourses concerning the settlement of 
Ireland, which I must acquaint your Grace* is still in the 
condition you transmitted it to us, for though His Majesty 
had appointed yesterday to meet at my Lord Chancellor's to 
put the wheels a-going, yet upon his Lordship's and my 
indisposition (as I am informed) it is put off till Thursday next, 
afternoon, and whether we shall be then in case to meet is 
uncertain, and I believe the business will hardly proceed 
without one of us present, unless your Grace had been here. 

I received yesterday your Grace's by Mr. Buck, and shall 
obey your commands therein for lodgings for my Lady Duchess, 
and by the next, doubt not to give you a certain account thereof. 
I send this letter by Sir John Boys, who hath upon all occasions 
shewed himself so much your Grace's faithful servant, that 
though I know he needs no recommendation to increase your 
Grace's esteem of him, I cannot but give your Grace notice 
thereof in a time when so few appear faithful to any, and 
I take him to be so loyal a subject to His Majesty, and so 
discreet, that he will deserve countenance and encouragement 
in Ireland, where he is now going to settle himself and family, 
and I shall never interpose with your Grace but for those 
of that sort. 

Here is great discourse of the approaching Parliament, but 
nothing can be fixed on worth acquainting your Grace. 

« 
James Buck to Sir George Lane. 

1663 [-4], March 8. London. — 'Tis not only my own 
satisfaction to let my friends know of my safe arrival at 
London , but the discharge of that duty his Grace was pleased 
to lay upon me, for upon Wednesday last, about ten o'clock, 
we set sail from the Ring's End, not in the pleasure boat, 
but the first that went off, and landed the next day at Chester 
about five o'clock. The pleasure boat got in the same tide. 
The Sunday night following I got hither and called upon 



150 

Moor Park in the way, where I thank God I found all well, 
and yesterday being Monday I waited upon my Lord Chancellor 
where very fortunately I met my Lord of Arran, and delivered 
their letters with my own hands, as I did those to my Lord 
of Anglesey and Mr. Secretary Bennett, and all within two 
hours after the post came in which put to sea long before 
us. My Lord Duke of Albemarle is at my Lord of Lindsay's, 
but the packet I delivered to Mr. Lock, your letter to Mr. Fox, 
and those others sent by me of my Lord's and your own are 
likewise delivered, except those to my Lord Chesterfield, who 
is yet out of town but daily expected, which I entreat you 
to let my Lady Chesterfield know, and that I have not been 
wanting in any duty in his Grace's commands, which may 
possibly be no dissatisfaction to his Grace or my Lady Duchess 
to know, but till the next post I shall not be able to give her 
Grace an account of her commands or more of your own 
concernments ; but this done, I waited upon Jemmy with 
your tokens and his grandfather's letter, who seemed to 
be overjoyed at the name before he received the letter. 
I could not forbear asking him the reason of the particular joy, 
whose answer was that he never had the happiness to see his 
grandfather, and did always fear he could not deserve to hear 
from him because he desired it so much. He is grown very 
fat and tall since I saw him last, and I am confident your dear 
Lady, to whom you must present my most humble duty, will, 
with yourself, receive so handsome an account from your son 
that you may think me a great clown I gave him no better 
a character. • 

Those other letters which was designed for other places, 
as that to Colonel Pigott, I have this night sent by the post, 
and whenever you please to lay any commands upon me pray 
direct them to the Standing Wardrobe at Frank Eogers' at 
Whitehall, and they will come safe. 



. Ormond to Earl of Anglesey. 

1663 [-4], March 9 and 12. Dublin. — I received yours 
of the 22nd and 27th of the last month at Maddenstown. 
From the account you give of the state of the bill transmitted 
hence it cannot be hoped it will be despatched thence before the 
Parliament meets, and then it may be well doubted it will 
for some time be laid aside or proceeded very slowly upon. 
In the meantime, though the result of the several conferences 
had upon it at my Lord Chancellor's was not put into writing, 
yet many from thence take upon them to write of many 
alterations resolved on, much to the disturbance of men's minds 
and something to my trouble, who am sure to hear of all their 
alarms. During this delay, industrious men are hard at work 
to raise advantages to themselves from what they conjecture 
will fall out, and speedy intelligence becomes as valuable here 
as upon the Exchange. 



V 



151 

Sir Alan Brodrick in his of the 23rd February, took notice 
to me of reasons they had given why it was not fit for them 
to make answers to the ten queries, but told me withal that 
proper answers were prepared and given, or to be given, to my 
Lord Chancellor and other Lords of the council in manifestation 
of their duty and for their information. I have desired to have 
copies of them, wishing as I really do that they may be found 
such as will vindicate the regularity and integrity of their 
proceedings. If those answers be so distributed, you will 
certainly have seen them, but whether it be in revenge for 
those questions or out of zeal for the King's profit we say the 
commissioners or somebody else have made it appear that you 
hold lands to the value of ^9,000 a year at the rent of ten, 
and though if it should be so, that information is no very 
pertinent answer to the questions, yet it gains credit with some 
and will be fit for you in the most public way you can to 
refute, if in truth such an information there be and that 
it is false, which as I remember you once told me it was. 
And now I am upon custodiums it is fit you know that yesterday 
Mr. Burniston, the Duke's agent, asked me if I had not 
received a letter or warrant from the King commanding that 
out of any lands in custodium His Royal Highness should have 
so much set out to him as was given from him by the Court 
of Claims, which, when I had denied to have received, he 
brought Mr. Elliot the Deputy Surveyor to me, who read to 
me part of a letter he had received from Sir Alan Brodrick, 
wherein it was said that such a letter was sent me by that 
post, and requiring him to make out particulars to that end. 
Whether they be any such letter or no, or if there be, what is 
become of it I know not ; sure I am it never came to my hands. 
Your last letters mention not the sending over the certiorari 
my Lord of Ashley promised ; it were well we had it, the sum 
would serve to fill a gap. 

12 March. The easterly winds have continued till now, 
and brought us letters of the 1st and 5th of this month, 
amongst which 1 am sorry to find none from your Lordship, 
doubting it proceeds from your relapse into your gout, which 
though I should be sorry should aflflict you at any time, yet 
I confess it more troubles me it should seize on you when 
there is so much use of your assistance. At my return from 
Maddenstown, I found my Lord of Kildare dead, and his 
troop fit to supply the place of that I lose by giving mine up 
to be His Majesty's guards. The King saves the pay of a 
Captain of horse by it. I desire your Lordship would now 
fit the establishment to this change, to which end I have also 
written to the Secretary. 

Endorsed : — A copy of my Lord's to the Earl of Anglesey. 

Earl of Anglesey to Ormond. 

1663 [-4], March 19. London.— That I may not fail in 
the duty I profess to owe your Grace, I shall give you an 
account of what hath occurred since my last. On Monday 



152 

we met again at Worcester House, as was appointed, about 
the Irish bill, wherein some further proceeding was had; but 
the chief thing resolved on was (which I had started the day 
before and offered again to consideration that day) that by 
the great Act of Settlement all persons restored or reprised 
or confirmed are to pay quit rent to His Majesty, and when 
I pressed that the commissioners might deliver their judgment 
therein they yielded it His Majesty's due, and so it stands, 
and is like to do, whether the new bill pass or no, which I hope 
will be for the great advantage of His Majesty and the security 
of Ireland, though for but moving the business according to 
my oath and duty of my place I endure much enmity and 
reproach, but His Majesty having accepted my service and 
owning me therein, I bear all patiently. 

The Parliament being then to come on, the business of Ireland 
was left sine die , but I shall endeavour to retrieve it within a 
few days, l I shall now, because what makes much discourse 
here may be misrepresented to your Grace, acquaint you that, 
some days before the Parliament was to meet, my Lord of 
Bristol wrote a letter to me enclosing one of submission to 
His Majesty, sealed with a copy thereof for me to peruse. 
I was then sick in my bed of the gout, yet not daring to 
return it without His Majesty's knowledge of it, I got, lame 
as I was, out of my bed and attended His Majesty with the 
despatch, giving him advice as a faithful counsellor and doing 
as a friend to my Lord Chancellor. I do not send your Grace 
copies because none but His Majesty hath seen them, and 
I will be able still to say so till I have leave to do other, but 
His Majesty returning the letter sealed again to my Lord 
Bristol with his resolution to have nothing to do with him 
till he did that which should befit him, whiph I took to be 
to render himself absolutely to His Majesty.^ ( On Wednesday 
last the Parliament met, Serjeants at Arms having been all 
that jnorning at the several avenues supposed to wait for my 
Lord of Bristol, and his house in Queen's street and at 
Wimbledon were searched for him, but he was not found, 
though it is said he was at Wimbledon ready to go to dinner 
when Sir Thomas Sands searched for him, but got away. So 
both houses were adjourned till Monday next and nothing done^) 
Though what I have written to your Grace concerning my part 
in the business was only known to His Majesty from me, 
yet those that wish me ill have gotten some general inkling 
of a letter sent to me, and would blow it up to my disadvantage 
as if I were no friend to my Lord Chancellor, but his Lordship 
as well as the King is satisfied of the contrary, and if your 
Grace be so too (who by what passed in the Lord's house 
between me and my Lord of Bristol, in your presence, can 
easily judge whether I am likely to hazard my Lord Chancellor's 
friendship for my Lord Bristol's compliment) I am at quiet, 
and to prevent any wrong impressions of me I have written 
this, adding the assurance to your Grace that in this or any 
other affair I will never forfeit the opinion your Grace hath 



1S3 

of my integrity, nor do anything which shall not shew me 
faithful to the uttermost to our great master and the friend 
I have professed myself to my Lord Chancellor, and which 
he owns me to be, though perhaps when all's done, I should 
rather have advised the open calling for my Lord Bristol to 
justice in Parliament than to take the course that is now held. 

Postscript : — Sir Henry Bennett and I have considered 
together of the establishment, and I hope it will be presently 
despatched to your Grace's content. 

Robert Lye to . 

1663 [-4] , March 19. Whitehall.— Sir : Since my last to 
you I have been with Baron Eainsford about your securing 
in this Act (for to him is much of the whole settlement now 
referred, commonly, to give his approbation therein), but tells 
me plainly, though he be my very good friend, and is so to 
most patentees, that patents granted since the Declaration 
(being so contrary to the Act of Settlement and so many of 
them), that he will be absolutely for the annulling every one 
of them, and doth hope that it will be so agreed to; that his 
advice to me was I should by no means press in a thing of 
so great consequence as to make a precedent for others to 
desire the like, but that seeing you have Sir Francis Butler's 
right and are in possession of all, to say nothing nor make 
the defect known, and that in some time a better expedient 
may be found; notwithstanding all this, if others get theirs 
confirmed, I hope to get yours. 

As for my own of O'Connor's, 1 am so indifferent that if 
be annulled it shall not much trouble me, since it leaves me 
a just pretence to desire something in lieu of it. I pray 
you send me by the very first occasion an abstract of the 
several letters patents by which you hold your lands, and of 
those grants made to Sir Francis Butler with their several 
dates, that 1 may the better know what proviso or other security 
to desire for you. I think it were very fit you took an 
occasion to acquaint Mr. Attorney and others concerned in 
grants of the aforesaid, intent to make them void, that 
somebody be employed here (as is from other interests) to 
speak to the allegations that shall be made against the said 
patents, for though many think to have theirs confirmed, upon 
a particular account, I can assure you, they will be deceived 
for all will be opposed. 

Upon Monday next the Parliament sits again, but there 
is no day yet appointed for the hearing of the Irish business. 
I am, your most faithful brother and humble servant, Robert 
Lye. 

Sir George Lane writes me w^ord he gave my uncle Knight 
his warrant to be one of the Attorneys of the Star Chamber 
there according to His Majesty's desire, which I obtained for 
him. I wonder he tells me nothing of it himself. 

Endorsed : — Copy of a letter from Mr. Robert Lye. 



f\ 



154 

Eabl of Anglesey to Ormond. 

1663 [-4], March 22. London.— (Though I have nothing 
to write of the Irish bill, the business of Parliament having 
stopped the course thereof, yet I must not omit to let your 
Grace know that the two Houses met yesterday upon their 
adjournment, to whom His Majesty made a gracious speech, 
taking notice of the late plot w^hich was yet going on by the 
incurable malice of those whom no mercy would reclaim, but 
he doubted not by his and their vigilancy their evil designs 
would be prevented and prove ruin to themselves ; His Majesty 
took notice how the subsidies fell short by half of what 
they were in Queen Elizabeth's time, by ill execution of the 
Act, and that the chimney money duty already decayed, but 
he hoped they would leave the collection thereof to his own 
oflBcers, and then he doubted not it would answer what they 
intended him ; he took notice of the triennial bill to be a 
strange law, wished them to read it but over and do therein 
as they should think fit ; he concluded desiring them to take 
care that no evil and factious spirits might divide between the 
Houses or raise jealousies of him^ 
^The same morning, in the Lords' house, my Lord 
^'orthampton delivered a letter sealed to the Lord Bridgeman, 
the Speaker, intimating he received it from the Countess of 
Bristol ; it being late after the Speaker had acquainted the House 
therewith, they adjourned, resolving to take it up this day, 
which was accordingly done, and my Lord Northampton having 
spoken to the manner of it's coming to him and his opinion 
what it concerned, and who it was from, which he produced 
a letter to himself from the Earl of Bristol to justify oflfering 
it to be read, and the Lord Lucas seconding him for the 
opening the packet and reading it, yet at length it was resolved 
upon the circumstances appearing whence it came that it 
should be delivered unopened to the King ; but no order is 
entered; this fault will be mended to-morrow, for else no 
footsteps will remain of this kindness of the House to the King.') 
The House of Commons have appointed a committee in order 
to renew and amend the Triennial Act. I doubt not this 
Parliament will continue very serviceable and faithful to His 
Majesty. Your Grace shall hear still what passeth ; His 
Majesty, in his speech, intimated there should be a sessions 
in two months and therefore desired despatchlj 

Earl of Anglesey to Ormond. 

1664,. March 26. London.— The 23rd of this month I 
received your Grace's letter of the 12th, to which a sudden 
indisposition that hath seized me this day will not permit my 
giving answer at present or to write much. Of the bill I have 
nothing to say but that Monday next is appointed to proceed 
in it. I beseech your Grace to acquaint my Lady Duchess 
that, finding no other place fit for her and none being willing 
to set there houses for less than a year, T have taken the house 



155 

that was Sir John Daner's at Chelsea, for a year, at the same 
rent as my Lord Privy Seal paid, which was a hundred 
and fifty pounds, and the charge of keeping the gardens, 
which I understand will be fifty more, and I have directed 
Mr. Buck to furnish it speedily so that now her Grace may 
depend upon a fitting accommodation, come as soon as she 
will. I confess it's dear, but there was no remedy, and the 
convenience of the water will ease the charge. I have written 
this in great pain and must beg leave to conclude. 

1664, March 26 : — A List of the fortifications and the sums 
of money they cost in building and repairing : — 

£ s. d. 
The Black Castle of Wicklow, in the County 
of Wicklow^ cost the building the sum of 

The Castle of Wexford cost in repairing and 
making the out-work thereof the sum of 

The fort of Duncannon, in the County of 
Wexford, cost in repairing the sum of... 

The fort of Passage cost in repairing and 
building up part of one of the flankers the 

OU1X.1 \JX. .«• ... ... ••> ••■ 

The fort of Waterford hath cost in repairing 
the sum of 

The Citadel, in the Town of Clonmel, hath 
cost in building the sum of 

The fort of Cork hath cost in repairing the 

DLIXJLI. \Jm» ••• ••■ ••• ■■■ •«• 

The fort of Kinsale, called Castle Park, 
hath cost in repairing the sum of 

The fort of Bantry, in the County of Cork, 
hath cost in building the sum of 

The fort of Villency [Valencia] , in the Island 
of Villency, in the' County of Kerry, hath 
cost in building the sum of 

The Castle of Ballyknaw, in the County of 

Gal way, hath cost in building the sum of 390 : 00 : 00 

The fort of Banagher hath cost in repairing 
the sum of 

The Citadel in the Town of Galway hath cost 
in building the sum of ... 

The fort of Ardkin, in the great Island of 
Arran, hath cost in building the sum of... 

The fort of Innis BoflBn, in the Island of Innis 

Boffin, hath cost in building the sum of 1100 : 00 : 00 

The fort at Ballymoe Bridge, in the County 
of Galway, hath cost in building and 
repairing part of the Bridge, the sum of 2050 : 00 : 00 



156 

£ s. d. 
The Castle of Termonbarry, in the Island of 
Termonbarry, in the river of Shannon, 
six miles from Jamestown, hath cost in 
building the sum of 390 : 00 : 00 

The fort of Bally league, in the County of 
Longford, hath cost in repairing the sum 
of 055 : 00 : 00 

The fort of Bellaghy pass, on the borders of 
the County of Mayo and County of 
Sligo, hath cost in building the sum of... 2200 : 00 : 00 

The fort of Sligo, in the County of Sligo, 

hath cost in building the sum of ... 1620 : 00 : 00 

The Castle of Eathfoe [Eaphoe] ,in the County 
of London Derry, hath cost in repairing 
the sum of ... ... ... ... ... 025 : 00 : 00 

The Citadel, in the City of London Derry , hath 
cost in building the sum of 

The fort of Coleraine hath cost in building the 

S) UXX^ x^X ••• •■• ••• ••• ••• 

Castle Doe, in the County of Donegal, hath 

cost in repairing the sum of 100 : 00 : 00 

The Castle of Carrickfergus hath cost in 
repairing the sum of 

The fort of Charlemont hath cost in repairing 

the sum of 080 : 00 : 00 

The Citadel, or the Willmount, in the Town 
of Drogheda, hath cost in repairing the 

oUXXa \^X ••• ••• ••« ■•• ••• 

Endorsed : — A list of the fortifications, received from Captain 
Webb, the 26th of March, 1664. 

Sir Maurice Eustace to Sir George Lane. 

1664, April 1. — My dear Cousin : I send you the copy of the 
warrant drawn by you for the payment of £1,000 unto me, 
whereunto exceptions are like to be taken by the commissioners 
appointed to take the Vice-Treasurer's account, for that no 
mention is made therein that payment was to be made by 
virtue of His Majesty's letters, and by reason the warrant doth 
bear date before His Majesty's letter. And therefore I send 
you the draft of a warrant drawn by Sir James Ware, which 
he saith will do the business, which I pray you to send me 
signed by the first, for the accounts will be speedily taken. 
And give me leave upon this occasion to mind you of what 
I did formerly write to you concerning this matter, viz., that 
his Grace do procure His Majesty's warrant for the issuing 
of so much money as he is to pay for the lands enclosed 
within the Park, for by the letter which he hath already 



157 

procured he is not to exceed ten thousand pounds, and this 
much I am to have, besides several sums which his Grace 
hath undertaken to pay to others, for which he is to procure 
His Majesty's warrant, whereof I long since sent you a draft 
ready prepared, and the commissioners did likewise write to 
his Grace to that effect. And so, with the remembrance of 
my duty to my supreme Lord, I remain, your most affectionate 
kinsman, Mau. Eustace, Cane. 

Jambs Buck to Sir George Lane. 

1664, April 2. Moor Park. — Dear Sir: Since I writ last 
unto you (and in it an account of that most excellent youth, 
who has gained more friends and admirers than I know 
any in the world has enemies, and I am confident he has 
before this given both you, your Lady, and his grandfather, 
acknowledgments of the favours you sent him) I have spent 
my time in the country where I am now, and can therefore 
say little of the affair you know of, but the former discourse 
is off, and the saddle put upon the right horse, which never 
travels far from the town. I have not heard from my Lady 
Duchess herself since I left Ireland, but by a second hand; 
for God's sake send me word how she does and how your 
dear Lady and all your family is in health. 

Earl of Anglesey to Ormond. 

1664, April 2. London. — My last did scarce more than 
acknowledge your Grace's letter of the 9th March, since which 
time I have received yours of the 26th , to both which I desire 
leave now to make answer. 

Those who, from the conferences had upon the bill at my 
Ijord Chancellor's, have taken upon them to write of many 
alterations as resolved, which prove to the disturbance of 
men's minds and something to your Grace's trouble, had 
more presumption than ground for what they did, and, your 
Grace will find before the end, reckoned without their host, 
and though by their intelligence they may abuse unwary people 
into entangling contracts, I hope care will be taken in the 
bill to make them disgorge such acquisitions, and if your Grace 
hath not mislaid a proviso, which I drew up in your Grace's 
closet, upon full debate of that practice, I wish a copy thereof 
might be transmitted to me because I shall hardly, I doubt, 
recollect my thoughts to draw it so exactly as I think upon 
discourse with your Grace I then did it. 

Sir Alan Brodrick hath not yet made good his intelligence 
to your Grace of February 23rd, for I upon inquiry, I cannot 
find by my Lord Chancellor or any of the council that they 
have prepared or given in any answers to the ten queries, 
or are like to do it, for I believe they do upon the free discourse 
they have met with here grow every day less conceited of 



158 

the regularity or justice of their late proceedings, which they 
are now so modest as to desire a powder to review and reverse. 
I am glad your Grace hath desired copies of what answers 
they pretend to have prepared, and wish they may be still 
called for, though I never expect to see them, since they^ took 
the pains to give five reasons to excuse themselves from so 
hard a task. 

The scandal concerning my holding lands in custodium to 
the value of £5,000 a year, at the rent of ten, is now grown 
as ridiculous as it was ever false, and the King is now so well 
aware of the authors' practice that they have increased His 
Majesty's good opinion of and confidence in me, and I doubt not 
but your Grace will so fully believe w^hat I have written and 
do now write of this aflfair, viz., that I expect no other 
advantage by them, as I have yet made none, but that I may 
be possessed of them in order to reprisals for what hath been 
taken from me, and that therefore your Grace will be pleased 
to give order that neither Sir Theophilus Jones, (who should 
have treated his fellow -oflBcer of the Exchequer better) nor 
any other, may obtain, as they have endeavoured, to get your 
Grace's order to pass any of them from me till upon hearing 
me at my return, which I hope is not now far, if your Grace 
shall find cause. I humbly thank your Grace for the notice 
you are pleased to give me of His Highness Eoyal's warrant 
obtained from His Majesty for a custodium in order to his 
reprisal. I had some inkling of it before, and I hope there 
will be enough found without entrenching upon mine, but I 
shall not be unwilling that some of mine go to His Highness' 
reprisal, being more concerned therein than any of his tenants 
for most of the lands I held of him are decreed away, and 
I doubt not your Grace's favour as far as may be admitted 
I have His Highness' covenant to be reprised for them, 
where His Highness' pretence interposeth, and more I cannot 
ask of your Grace. 

The officers of the Exchequer cannot yet find the certiorari 
in my Lord Strafford's time for the Irish Peers' subsidies, but 
I shall not fail to pursue them till they do it. 

I thank God I am now very well recovered of the gout, and 
fail not to attend all meetings for Irish affairs more diligently 
than some would have me, and shall take care to have the 
establishment settled as your Grace desires, when the King 
will give a day at council for it, Mr. Secretary Bennett and 
I having prepared it all. 

On Wednesday last, the great point concerning and and or 
was heard by His Majesty and council, and notwithstanding 
all that Sir Richard Kainsford and Mr. Coventry, who spoke 
sharply but much at random, could say, it was so cleared, and 
your Grace and the council's explanation so fully justified, 
that it passed unanimously after long debate, and it is also 
entered as the act and judgment of His Majesty and council 
in the council heard that it may be no more a question with 



159 

any commissioners or judges. I shall say the less of this to 
your Grace, because I had rather what passed therein came 
from other'hands. I am sure I failed not to let His Majesty 
and the council see that your Grace and his council of Ireland 
understood the affairs of Ireland better than any other 
pretenders, and doubt not but it will be believed hereafter, 
and those who have been so busy with His Majesty in this 
affair lose much of their credit with him for being so earnest 
upon so little or no ground. 

The business of Innocents' quit rents was again heard, 
but settled more firmly, and from the very Act I cleared 
the Protestants, but for more assurance it is to be particularly 
provided for in the new bill as your Grace was in the last. 
Letters are directed to your Grace from His Majesty about 
the nomination of the fittest persons to be restored. I am 
glad your Grace is so ready for it and so methodical and 
punctual therein; that being despatched, I hope the rest will 
not be long, for I am continually pressing for meetings and 
despatch. 

rThere is now jio news of my Lord Bristol ; I think he 
gives over the design of applying to the Lords* House. His 
Ijordship addressed himself by divers others as well as by 
me to the King, and I know not why he should offer to use 
me in it, but because your Grace shall be as fully informed 
as I am, I intend next post to send your Grace copies of all 
T have in that affair.] 

Before I had received your Grace's last letter, T was sent to, 
that your Grace might have notice payment of the money for 
Moor Park was expected and depended upon in May at the 
day appointed, but having your Grace's mind I shall labour 
to serve you as you desire, and give you a speedy account of 
my diligence other ways if they will not be prevailed with 
to forbear it longer. I am afraid to lose this post and therefore 
must abruptly conclude. 

Earl of Anglesey to Ormond. 

1664, April 5. London. — Yesterday, His Majesty and council 
met again and went through the Irish bill, and directions 
are ^iven to Mr. Solicitor upon the whole to make a new 
draft or book, leaving out what is rejected and amending 
what was so resolved. I have not failed in my utmost diligence 
to obtain it so to pass as may do the work, but the sixth part 
being waived and no other competent reprisals visible to me, 
and many clauses being left out as new and variations from 
the old bill, yet perhaps necessary to be inserted in this by 
reason of the general vesting clause, I know not how far 
the bill will ever be adequate to the work intended, and the 
rather because to-morrow is appointed to consider the Irish 
commissioners' proposals to increase the stock of reprisals, etc., 
which what alteration they may occasion I know not. That 



160 

which I press for privately, and which His Majesty will 
grant, is that whatever draft shall be agreed on here may be 
sent to your Grace to consider of with the council there, 
before it be concluded and engrossed here, that so we may 
have your opinion upon it. The stock of reprisals for those 
already ejected by Decrees, and for the Irish yet to be named, 
will fall very short, and there will be the difificulty of the 
work, and numbering of names more than can be provided 
for will but occasion clamour instead of settlement. I have 
little hope to see a good issue, unless the Decrees since July 3rd 
be voided or at least subjected to renewal in the Courts of 
Dublin, for I believe the veriest knaves by tricks have carried 
away land, whilst the best of the confederate Catholics and 
those who repented soonest, are like to be as ill provided for 
as the English. His Majesty passed the Act for repeal of 
the Triennial Act, and appointed it another way this day, 
and the Lords have adjourned till Monday sennight after 
Easter; the Commons I believe will adjourn also to-morrow. 
Mr. Ludlow intends to be upon his return on Thursday, and 
if anything occur further, your Grace shall have it by him. 

Postscript : — His Majesty is pleased to write a letter to 
the Mayor, Aldermen, and Common Council of Dublin, to 
prevent their choosing Sir Daniel Bellingham Mayor the 
next year; if it shall not be despatched this post, I hope your 
Grace will interpose if need be, because till the revenue be 
better settled, his attendance in my office cannot well be 
wanted, and to be Mayor must wholly divert him. 



Earl of Anglesey to Ormond. 

1664, April 7. London. — Mr. Ludlow^ returning, though 
my next letters by the post will overtake him, yet I would not 
omit to accompany him with a line or two to acquaint your 
Grace that His Majesty and council sat yesterday upon IHsh 
affairs, when the commissioners, after all the brags of their 
uprightness, came off to the judgment of most very poorly, 
but of that more on Saturday. I cannot prevail with Mr. Allen 
for continuing the second payment of Moor Park, he having 
contracted for a purchase which will make use of his money. 
T will by other ways endeavour to serve your Grace, and to»my 
utmost, in all things. 

Earl of Anglesey to Ormond. 

1664, April 12. London. — On Wednesday last, being the 
sixth of this month. His Majesty and council met again about 
the Irish business, and the day was for the most part spent 
upon the commissioners' proposals. They appeared so much 
against the interest of England, and so contrary to the Act 
of Settlement, that, they were most of them rejected. The 
particulars most debated, and which only deserve the giving 



161 

your Grace an account of, were first a proposal of theirs that 
the soldiery might be satisfied in English measure, but upon 
opening the clauses of the Act that refer thereunto, His 
Majesty and the council were clearly satisfied their landd 
ought to be in Irish measure, and one argument was 
unanswerable, viz., that even the doubling ordinance men, 
though their lands are not confirmed yet their principal money 
is to be satisfied in Irish measure, but my Lord Chancellor 
holding it so clear a case that he thought it might be referred 
to the commissioners' own ingenuity, Sir Richard Rainsford 
thereupon saying that in his judgment by the Act the soldiery 
were to be satisfied in English measure, which he grounded 
only upon wresting the words false and undue admeasurement, 
it was left as a question for the Judges' resolution here, which 
I think there is no reason to doubt will be contrary to the 
commissioners. 

This reference in a clear case gave me occasion to move one 
more, disputable in some men's opinion (though not in mine), 
might be also referred to the judges, as by most interests 
was desired before, viz., the validity of the Decrees since 
July 2nd, but against this the commissioners bent all their 
might. The sum of what they urged, besides passion, was, 
(1) that it would reflect much upon their reputation that their 
proceedings should be questioned and endangered. (2) That 
they should be forced to refund their acreage money if judged 
against them. I easily answered these objections (with which 
indeed none of the council nor the King seemed satisfied) by 
saying to the first that it would clear their reputation, which 
was now under question (for those proceedings), if the judges 
found for them, and if they did not, there was the more reason 
to have them referred, but howsoever their reputation was 
not to be put in balance against justice and a sure settlement, 
which could hardly take place if, where the generality thought 
themselves injured, they should neither be heard nor have 
the satisfaction to be concluded by the judges. To the second 
I denied the objection to have any foundation of truth, for 
if the judges should adjudge against them, yet whosoever the 
same lands that were unduly decreed should be hereafter 
decreed to were to pay the acreage, wherewith they might 
repay the other and lose nothing themselves. But they took 
on with so much lamentation that though the council 
were generally satisfied it ought to be referred to the judges, 
and the King inclined the same way, yet, desirous to do it 
by the commissioners' own consent, which none thought 
would be denied, the King said he would leave it to them, 
whether they would willingly have it referred; but they 
unexpectedly persisting to implore the contrary, it is not 
referred, I believe, leaving the council very ill satisfied with 
the commissioners. And it's generally much wondered that 
they who carried it so high before, both in Ireland and England, 
fell so low in this, and by it your Grace will see they had 
Wt. 8878 K 



162 

one better reason than the five they gave, why they did not 
answer the ten questions, and notwithstanding Sir Alan*s 
writing to your Grace that they had answers ready, it appears 
now they will give none if they can avoid it. 

But this evasion of theirs gave me good occasion to vindicate 
the whole Council of Ireland, whom they had often represented 
as interested, and therefore under suspicion of partiality, by 
telling them that whatever had been said of the council 
reflecting upon them, I durst undertake, never a one of them, 
from the highest to the lowest, were so interested or partial 
that they would refuse to refer any their concernments in the 
Act to all the judges of England. And so I leave that point 
till I see what further time doth with it. 

I have sent your Grace enclosed a paper which shows the 
establishment of His Majesty's Horse Guards here, and if the 
same were for the Guards there, your Grace perhaps might have 
an opportunity to do something for Colonel Vernon, who hath 
been a long follower and servant of your Grace's, and I believe 
well esteemed by you, but I shall not vary from your Grace's 
former direction without particular order. 

If your Grace's list of names be not come away, I offer the 
enclosed paper concerning Henry O'Neil to your Grace's view 
and consideration, which Mr. Daniel conceives may speed the 
better for my addressing it to your Grace. 

The other paper is an authentic copy of the partners here, 
their security for the custom and imported excise farm, which 
they have offered often before to enter into, but by the Clerks 
of the Council spoiling and mistaking two orders drawn long 
before, and my Lord Ashley's want of leisure, it hath 
been deferred till now; though the Articles required the 
acknowledging before the Chief Justice of England, His 
Majesty and council ordered it as fittest to be in the Exchequer, 
and now we think the rent secure, which none did upon the 
security taken in Ireland. 

I cannot prevail with Mr. Allen to stay any longer for his 
money due on Moor Park, he having contracted for a purchase. 
Colonel Pigot told me he would return as much money as he 
could by the day in May. I desire your Grace to write two 
or three lines to Sir Thos. Vyner, to supply that which shall 
be wanting till your Grace can return it, and I hope to prevail 
with him therein. (^Here is an Envoyi Extraordinaire from 
the Emperor for assistance against the Turk, but I believe 
nothing will be done. Much discourse of war with Holland, 
but I hope no such thing will be. God send all better at 
home, few being so well pleased as they were three year ago.l 

Earl of Anglesey to Ormond. 

1664, April 19. London.— The 15th and 19th of this month 
I received your Grace's several letters of the 9th of this month, 
and in the last a duplicate of the letter proposed for His 
Majesty to sign for the Lord Caulfeild's £3,500 for Charlemont, 



163 

which I saw long since signed by His Majesty, and which 
Mr. Secretary Bennett assured me he had sent away, though 
after I found it forgotten in the office, but hastened it away 
before this duplicate came to my hands many days, and I doubt 
not it is now with your Grace. 

On Wednesday last we met again upon the Irish bill, and 
went through all the commissioners* proposals, most of which 
I shewed sufficient reasons for the King and council to lay 
aside, and direction was then given to the Solicitor General 
to draw up the bill according to the orders and directions 
agreed upon at council, which he did in the Easter holidays, 
and I shall take such care that when the council hath revised 
it, your Grace and none other shall have a copy of it before 
it be transmitted. Amongst the proposals of the commissioners 
which they carried that day, that about custodiums was one, 
against which they made grievous complaint, wherein your 
Grace and Barons of the Exchequer, who alone have the granting 
and passing of them, were not a little reflected on, for it was 
alleged by the commissioners that the custodium lands in 
His Majesty's hands were worth thirty thousand pounds a 
year, and yet were granted at £6,000 rent, and Sir Bichard 
Bainsford was so bold as upon bare information to assert 
that I in particular had forty thousand acres in the County 
of Cork let to me in custodium for £10, of which I made 
four hundred pounds a year, and the commissioners were 
so confidently extravagant and unjust as to press that all 
custodies might be accountable for the full value towards 
the stock of reprisals. 

The defence I made"^ was, first that your Grace and the 
Barons of the Exchequer were to be heard in the case before 
so ill a management of affairs for His Majesty was upon 
clamorous (and I am confident ungrounded) reports to be 
presumed, that I verily believed here would appear great 
cry but little wool, but suppose what was let for £6,000 a year 
was worth £30,000, yet it must be considered that the grants 
were but during the King's pleasure, and so not to be at any 
considerable rent upon so uncertain estate, that notwithstanding 
the lands were let at a greater rent than heretofore any 
custodiums, that such grants were ever accustomed as boons 
to deserving persons, and many of them granted in order to 
reprisals to those who had lost much more than was granted 
by Decrees in the Court of Claims, that howsoever it would 
be as unjust for the full value to be exacted ex post facto 
against the King's seal, as if His Majesty should pass an Act 
in England to revoke all beneficial grants which he hath passed 
here to his subjects since his restitution, which sure no sober 
or conscionable man would advise. And as to the assertion 
against me, I openly declared it so false (wherein His Majesty 
and the council fully credited me to the shame of the 
commissioners) that I offered to make His Majesty heir to 
my whole estate if there was a tittle of truth in it more than 



]61 

that the land was let to me for dElO a year, for at the very 

same rent I set it to Mr. de Lan^, my Lord Orrery's secretary, 

who held it the year before at £10, and I believe he hardly 

gains threescore by it, but whatsoever he makes, I wish it 

were examined, and that it may be certified with the rent, 

and I believe the commissioners will not rejoice in the return. 

The commissioners would gladly have had the setting of 

custodiums for the time of their power depending, but therein 

I opposed as being derogatory to your Grace and the Barons, 

who I aflBrmed had served His Majesty as faithfully as any 

before them or that would come after. In conclusion, your 

Grace will see by the order resolved upon at council, to which I 

did not sign, that it is necessary for your Grace and Barons to 

have some vindication, which the mere true stating of the 

business will afford you; and for my own part, though I 

opposed and carried against the commissioners the doing that 

injury to any others of making them pay the full value of 

their custodium lands, yet for good example I offered if His 

Majesty pleased to do it in my own particular, so inconsiderable 

was the advantage of them to me, but it wa not thought fit 

to be accepted, and therefore in the renewal of custodiums 

this May, all my desire to your Grace is that I may but hold 

them which I have at such rent as shall be offered highest. 

I will not repeat all the confidences of the commissioners, this 

gives task enough, and I am sure most of the council disapprove 

their pragmatical boldness. This day we sat again and 

spent it upon provisoes ; my fear is this bill will be almost 

as bulky as the last, I wish it return passable. Your Lordship's 

expression of your hope that I will be there rather before 

than after the bill, is a warning to me to beg your Grace's 

positive direction when you will have me return, for I am 

ready to obey your command therein if His Majesty give 

leave, though without vanity I may tell your Grace that I 

donbt it will be expedient that I see the last hand of the bill 

which will yet require much debate and polishing, but herein 

I beseech your Grace's pleasure by your next, for if you do 

not command my return by the tenth of June, my license of 

absence must be renewed, wherein I entreat your Grace's 

order. I humbly acknowledge your Grace's favour and care 

of me. I hope I shall ever by my faithful service to you 

and your family shew myself thankful. 

Postscript ; — Colonel Thomas Howard is gone towards 
your Grace, with intention, as I am finally informed 
(he having got a command here), to hold his troop 
there in commendam or to get your Grace's leave to 
sell it. If your Grace give way to his parting with 
it, I humbly remember you of Colonel Jeffreys, who is 
coming over to settle wholly there, and be at your Grace's 
devotion, and I believe he will be ready to give Colonel Howard 
content for his troop, and your Grace may please to afford 
him the same liberty for his Lieutenant's place, to which he 



165 

will offer such a one as your Grace will not disallow. I durst 
not but intimate this to your Grace that you might be prepared 
for what Mr. Howard shall offer, wherein your Grace may 
please to forbear mentioning whence you had your intelligence. 
It is so late I cannot enlarge this post, and therefore take 
leave. 

Lucas Dillon to Ormond. 

1664, April 26. Twomore [?]. — I think it more pardonable 
to do my duty there by letter than to seem altogether forgetful of 
it ; I had done it long ere now in person had I been in any 
indifferent condition to come in your Grace's presence; the 
cruel measure I have received from the late usurped tyrannical 
Government, and the iniquity of the times past, quite 
disenabling me to perform that which I was bound to in 
another manner than this and willing to discharge. It is not 
my drift hereby to weary your Grace with complaints, though 
I be not conscious to myself of ever having offended any 
British or acted ought against the English interest, for sure 
I am that I have done many of the stript distressed many 
good ofiBces in their extreme miseries, which not being my 
present purposes to trouble your Grace with I omit. I once 
had a brother who highly honoured and truly loved you; I 
must not so degenerate as to forget contrary to all the laws 
of gratitude your many former favours to our family and in 
particular to myself, and seeing I am not serviceable to your 
Grace in any worldly affair, I will not slacken in my poor 
devotions to praise God for sending you to us again , and pray 
for your and your posterity's advancement in this life and 
continuance in the same, as also for your fruition of the true 
felicity in the other. 

Earl of Anglesey to Ormond. 

1664, May 3. London. — Your Grace's of the 25th of the 
last month I received the 30th, but so late that I could not 
then return an answer, and indeed there was nothing to 
write, the bill not having been proceeded in since my last, 
and indeed since we have gone through the body of the bill 
and find that we are only pressed with provisos of private 
concernment, we are at a willing delay till the draft shall be sent 
your Grace or you come over or both, which I am glad [to learn 
by your Lordship's said letter, and His Majesty's ready consent 
to your desire, is like to be very speedily, and your Lordship 
knows it was always my opinion we should make no good 
conclusion without you. The Secretary is to seek for the 
forms necessary in order to your Grace's coming thence, and 
984 (Lord Chancellor) hath therefore spoken to 82 (me) to 
prepare such letters for His Majesty's signature as shall be 
needful to be despatched on Saturday next ; for this post your 
Grace will have notice only of what I now write. 896 
confesseth that being at a distance from his papers, he cannot 
so exactly conclude of the old forms, but he will endeavour it ; 



166 

and for more caution, if your Grace hasten a transmit of what 
you desire His Majesty to sign, I shall speed them back to 
arrive, I doubt not, timely enough to find your Grace there; 
in the meanwhile all I apprehend necessary is a letter from 
His Majesty authorising and requiring your Grace for special 
service of his own, to attend his Koyal presence with all 
convenient speed, and another letter authorising and directing 
you to appoint a Deputy or Justices for the government in 
your absence, and warranting letters patents to pass the 
Great Seal for that purpose. These will be prepared time 
enough to be sent your Grace by Saturday's post. 

I do not doubt your Grace's coming very easily provided 
to answer all objections against or reflections upon the 
government, because, as I well know, affairs have been 
managed beyond exception, so I am assured upon the first 
news of your coming (which yet is kept very private), the 
race of whispering informers will so vanish that there will 
be no footsteps of them left. 

I am very glad your Grace is hastening to me materials 
to make it appear that the commissioners could not proceed 
to sit after the 2nd of July upon any ground given by your 
Grace and the council's order, which I remembered very well 
was cautious to the utmost. I am pretty well provided already 
to clear that point which is again reviving, and had rather 
it should be set on foot again before your Grace's arrival, 
for W'hich end I long for such materials as are providing there, 
and the truth is, I see little hopes of a good settlement without 
a renew or vacating of that extravagant seven weeks' 
proceedings, from the 2nd of July to the 22nd of August, 
which I can find no manner of ground to warrant them in. 

The custodiums will be easily cleared against the loose 
clamours made against them by those who would willingly 
have had them at lower rates, if your Grace do but bring 
a list of them with the grounds of their granting, the values 
they were set at when your Grace arrived there, and the 
values custodiums were set at in the beginning of the war, 
and what those which remain are severally worth to be let at 
a rack during pleasure, and it will be needful, I think, to 
bring a copy of the form of a custodium in the Exchequer, 
and that the number of acres be in the list, and I believe 
if Sir George Lane search he will find letters from His 
Majesty to your Grace, or the late Lords Justices, for most 
of the custodiums that are now in being, and to have granted 
the rest to the Irish proprietors for little or nothing. 

I have sent for Mr. Vyner, and expect him this evening, 
about your Grace's money matters. Colonel Piggott hath 
yet returned none, but I shall not fail in my utmost service 
to answer your Grace's occasions, and shall speak with 
Mr. Temple (who is yet here) about the payment to Sir John 
Dingley, and shall be careful to take up the deeds, and get 
9ucb release as shall be fit. 



167 

I humbly thank your Grace for your favourable intentions 
towards Colonel Jeffreys, and for the proviso against bribery 
for nominations, which I shall offer in due time. I shall 
trouble your Grace no further, but to desire you would uncipher 
the enclosed with your own hand. 

Postscript: — My Lady Duchess, her house is ready at 
Chelsey, come when her Grace please. 

Enclosures (1). — ^I desire this may be unciphered by your 
own hand. 

(l am come to the knowledge of that which under secrecy, 
(though I wish 995 (Lord Orrery) very well), I cannot but 
communicate to 961 (your Grace). 139 (his) Lordship is 
resolved to 194 (come), 13 (e), 260 (for), 843 (England) within 
a fortnight. I know not whether 69 (he) 279 (hath) made 
known 314 (this) to 961 (your Grace) , but I find by 139 (his) 
friends that 69 (he) conceives 539 (yourself) 126 (do) not 
befriend 280 (him) as 69 (he) expected. I shall say no 
more hereof till I see 961 (your Grace), and then 256 (you) 
shall 643 (know) 460,37 (things) more 870, 24, 46 (particularly). 
In the meanwhile this hint may be of use 106 (to) 996 (you).^) 

Enclosure (2). — To be unciphered by yourself. 

431, 904 (Lord Chancellor) hath written to one of the 
51, 11 (bed) chamber that the new 329 (Act) is like to come 
to 508 (nothing), because 246 (the) 692 (council) of 641 (Ireland) 
refuse such reasonable provisoes as 961 (your Grace) would 
make for 243 (the) 568 (Irish). I know not for what design 
this is given out, when at the same time too many accuse 
962 (you) for having been too 775, 117, 78 (favourable) to 
the 568 (Irish) already, whereas I am sure 539 (yourself) 
desireth nothing more than an equal settlement to secure 
315 (that) 214, 126, 82 (kingdom) to 854 (the King). I am 
sure such reports can do 962 (you) no good; and as little 
can come from 898 (Lord Berkeley) asserting here, and which 
I may not conceal from 962 (you), 69 (he) openly said, 69 (he) 
would give it under his hand 243 (the) 613 (Army) 89 (of) 
641 (Ireland) was so rotten and bad, that 855 (King) could 
have no assurance of them^ and that there was no danger of 
568 (Irish) but only of them, and yet 898 (he) could not, though 
69 (he) had desired it from 961 (your Grace) in writing, get leave 
to change the dangerous 82, 28 (men) 89 (of) 139 (his) 510 
(own) 814 (troop). 896 (Anglesey) contradicted 898 (Berkeley) 
positively, but he was the more resolute in his assertion, 
and 896 (Lord Anglesey) doubts 69 (he) vents more to others. 
It's fit 961 (your Grace) clear this matter to 855 (the King), 
and perhaps to the 692 (council) by a list of the 653, 35, 37 
(oflBcers) and their qualifications, and by desiring a change 
here if any dislike, as I know 961 (your Grace) once told me 
256 (you) intended, when the same 431 (Lord) spoke so once 
before; and yet sometimes 69 (he) gives out 243 (the) 613 
(Army) is in no order nor condition 106 (to) 126 (do) 808 
(service), though it may be dangerous as aforesaid. 



168 
James Buck to Sir George Lane. 

1664, May 14. Chelsey.— Dear Sir ; Your favour of the 30th 
of April I received the 7th instant, and must in the &rst place 
rejoice at my good Lady Lane's recovery, and for ever love the 
limping Doctor for that and the good effect he has wrought upon 
her Grace, who is expected here upon Thursday next, where 
I and my wife are preparing for her reception, who is still at 
my Lord Chesterfield*s. I much wonder that my namesake 
has not as yet returned you, his grandfather, or his dear 
mother, thanks for the tokens you sent him by me, who did 
promise me he would do it with great care, and for his sake 
I hope you will find that his letters are miscarried ; the last 
time I saw him the clothes that were made him at Christmas 
are now by inches too short for him, and not a suit he has 
that is fit to wear. I am, and will be, still so much concerned 
for him, which I hope you will pardon, that I spoke to Mr. Eoch 
concerning it, who tells me he has writ to you of it, but receives 
no answer. I hope I need make no farther complaint of this 
kind, since I have fought some of your battles of late, and 
I thank you for arming me so well at my coming away that I 
have gained the field, and, I think, tied up some of their 
tongues for ever, but I know you have received long since 
a full account, both of the persons and passages, that were 
informed your master here, which related to one, Eustace; 
the name I honour, but I could wish the person or the informer 
had been some thousand miles off. I hate an ill oflBce, but if I 
know how to do good in this I would run greater hazards 
than I have attempted yet, and if I could but receive your 
instructions, the effects should not be long after, though in an 
unskilful hand, yet with the most affectionate and hearty 
desires. 



A Breviate of the Patent granted to Sir Thomas Vynbr, 

Mr. Robert Vyner, and Sir Daniel Bellingham, for 

minting small money in ireland. 

1664, May 16. — The consideration of the Patent itself, and 
inducements to it. 

To be past without any return thereof. 

The advantage and general use of small money. 

The consideration of the Lords Justices, and their 
repre8enta,tion, the many services done by the said persons. 

The said patent to be confirmed and strengthened at 
any time. 

Pardons issued to said Patentees at any time. 

Proclamation hereof. 

The said Patent good in law notwithstanding any defect, 
notwithstanding any former grant or grants. 



169 

Manner of carrying it on directed. 

A Mint house conceived necessary, and commanded to 
be erected. 

Passing groats or 4(f. pieces and under. 

Officers of Master Worker, Warden, Comptroller, and 
Assay Master of Mint established. 

Power to settle stipends and other reasonable allowances 
on said offices to be settled by the Chief Governor and 
paid by the King. 

The said power of Minting granted to Sir Th. V., 
B. V.,andD. B. 

To be issued as found convenient. 

Distinction. 

H pieces, one Bide a crown, other a harp. 

Id. pieces, effigies of the King one side, other a harp 
crowned. 

2d. pieces, on one side the same and a figure to 
denominate the value, other the same harp crowned. 

3d. pieces, the same effigy and title and figure, the other 
a harp crowned, this motto oblectat et reperat. 

4d. pieces, the same, or such other stamp judged fit. 

A privy mark or stamp to be altered at pleasure. 

To be made according to the fineness of England's 
standard. 

To be fixed, assayed, and proved. 

Sworn officers and bullion imported. 

Security to be given for it. 

One ounce id. pieces, two 2d. pieces, three of 3d. pieces, 
four of 4d. pieces, in every pound containing 12 oz. troy 
standard silver. 

For 8upj)ly of change, a quantity still be ready made. 

To be sent abroad to all parts of Ireland. 

Provisoes and Provisions y with Prohibitions. 

None obliged to receive above 2s. in a pound payment. 

None pass made for any parts or places except what 
made before the 30th of January, 1648, and were then 
passable. 

Forfeiture if any other be put forth. 

And of all engines. 

Imprisonment — one moiety of all forfeitures to His 
Majesty, other to Sir Th. V., B. V., etc. 

Power with a constable to attach, etc., seize and carry 
away, etc. 



170 

To enjoy the benefit of the said patent for twenty-one 
years from the date. 

Paying 12d., small silver money, out of every pound 
troy weight. 

Which is to be deducted by the officers to His Majesty's 
use. 

Without any further order, or putting the said Patentees 
to any further account. 

The said Patentees paying the charge of minting. 

Excepting the allowances to Master Worker, Warden, 
Comptroller, Assay Master, and other Chief Officer. 

All Government Officers, etc., to cause the same to pass. 

Command to all to be assisting, etc. 

Penalty to be inflicted on refusers. 

Endorsed: — Extract of Sir Thomas Vyner, Eobert Vyner, 
and Daniel Bellingham's power for coining of small silver 
money, 16 May, '64. 

Earl of Anglesby to Obmond. 

1664, May 17. London. — Your Grace's arrival here is 
now so much the general discourse and expectation that 
I shall say no more of that, but wish it may be speedy, for 
I doubt the business of Ireland will move forward very slowly 
till your Grace's coming. My Lady Duchess will be this 
night at Korthampton, to-morrow at Dunstable, and on 
Thursday at her house at Chelsey. I have received your 
Grace's letter by the Sergeant Trumpeter, and before I would 
engage for their liveries, thought fit to transmit your Grace 
an estimate what they come to at His Majesty's rates, as 
they were provided formerly, viz., for both suits alone, two 
hundred and fifty pounds a man, but if I may undertake 
present payment, I have other estimates for as good liveries 
and furniture, for two hundred pounds a man, which I hope 
to bring lower, for the least rate is high enough. Herein 
I desire your Grace's positive order by the next, that they may 
be gone in hand with presently after Whitsuntide, for sooner 
none will undertake them, all people being about Whitsuntide 
engaged for so much work. 

[This day the bill against Conventicles, and fifteen other 
bnls, were passed, and His Majesty prorogued the Parliament 
till the 20th of August, though he expressed he intended not 
to have them come till November, but to prorogue them again 
from the 20th of August to November , unless some extraordinary 
occasion required it.J 

I acquainted your Grace formerly, that I could not then 
prevail at Sir Thomas Vyner' s to have the £5,000 Sir Daniel 
Bellingham wrote for, paid for your Grace's use, unless quick 



171 

returns of money were made to him thence or some sent in 
specie to Chester, yet I had then as I wrote some hopes to 
win him to it, but since find he cannot or will not undertake 
it but upon those terms, and therefore your Grace may be 
pleased to direct Sir Daniel either to speed returns or to send 
money to Chester, else your Grace's payment to Mr. Allen 
for Moor Park, the 26th of this month, will be disappointed, 
as by Colonel Piggott's failing to return any money, which 
he wrote me word he found impossible for him to do. Sir John 
Dingley's sum is returned re infecia, but I persuaded him to 
a contented waiting till returns were made, which I told him 
I doubted not would be by midsummer, your Lordship's money 
being ready there. Your Grace by this sees how necessary 
it will be, before you come away or when you come, to get 
Sir Daniel to make good returns in specie, for returns by cattle 
are dead, and slow at best. 

Postscript : — ^I desire to know when and where I shall meet 
your Grace on your way. 



Colonel Thomas Coote to Ormond. 

1664, May 20. Hillsburrow. — The manifold favours which 
I have formerly received from your Grace, emboldens me to 
this further trouble unto you, and to be over prolix amidst 
your more weighty affairs would be too great a presumption, 
therefore in short it is thus : Since his most sacred Majesty's 
most happy restoration , building upon his declaration and the 
Act of Settlement, I purchased a very considerable estate, both 
in the County of Mekth and the Queen's County, from an 
adventurer, for which I have already paid and disbursed a very 
great sums of moneys, and must likewise pay a far greater 
sum. Some of those lands I have already lost in the County 
of Meath by the Court of Claims, and the most considerable 
part yet remaining was formerly the property of Sir Eichard 
Barnewell, who durst not come upon his trial himself, but 
brought in his son upon a remainder, but by your Grace's 
favourable recommendations of my concernments unto the 
commissioners, and the justice of my cause, I overthrew him 
in the court. I have now received information from very 
good hands that Sir Richard Barnewell, in the new Act, is 
proposed to be one of those that shall be restored, and that 
without any previous reprisal. I am not ignorant of the 
relation his son hath to your Grace, but I have so much 
confidence in your Grace's favour and goodness towards me 
that you will not permit me to be ruined, which I must 
unavoidably if that should be. I shall never complain unto 
or make my address to any other person than your Grace, and I 
shall ever cast both my person and estate at your feet to be 
disposed of as you shall think fit, which you may really believe. 



172 

Case of Arthur Dillon. 

1664, May 23.— In the year 1642, the Corporation of the 
City of London adventured in the name of Kobert Bateman , 
Esq., then a Chamberlain of the said City, £10,000 upon 
forfeited lands in Ireland. 

The said sum of ^£10,000 fell by lot to be satisfied 
the one moiety thereof in the Barony of Skreene in East Meath, 
and the other moiety in the Barony of Demyfore in the County 
of Westmeath. 

The Trustees of the City of London, in or about the year 
of our Lord, 1654, sold the said adventure of d910,000 to Edward 
Cary, of Gray's Inn, Esq. ; the said Cary sold one third part 
of the moiety of the said £10,000 to Stephen Monteage, of 
London, Esq., in whose lot the Town and lands of Lismullen, 
in the Barony of Skreene did fall, which, was for a very 
valuable consideration, in the year 1662, purchased by Mayor 
Arthur Dillon from the said Monteage, and improvements 
since made thereon by him to the value of £600, amounting 
with the purchase at least to £2,000, the whole lands being 
but seven hundred and fifty acres. 

William Malone, the former proprietor of Lismullen, by 
his own confession, in his examination on record, acknowledgeth 
himself to have been at the Hill of Crufftie at the time of the 
Irish rebels first association, and also there when Sir Fhelim 
O'Neill was chosen general, that he was likewise at the meeting 
at the Hill of Tara, where the Irish nobility and gentry first 
refused to give obedience to the then Lords Justices' summons, 
and that he sent both horse and arms into Fleming of 
Cabra's troop, who was of the rebels' party ; and it can 
be sufiSciently proved that he was provider to the Irish army 
during the siege at Drogheda. 

Lismullen being but five hundred acres of the above- 
mentioned number of seven hundred and fifty ; Patrick Cusack 
of Gerrardstown, was former proprietor of the other two 
hundred and fifty, who served a captain with the rebels from 
the beginning of the rebellion until killed in their service. 

Thomas Crosbie and Kichard Chute to John Walsh. 

1664, May 31. Ardfert. — Honoured Sir ; when we received 
our commission and instructions from my Lord Duke for the 
dispose of his Grace's interest for the present year, we did 
propose unto ourselves, by the rules therein prescribed, that 
we should have been able to have advanced his Grace's revenue 
to double the rents it was set for the last year, being resolved 
to have stuck to that rule of not setting above twelve plough- 
lands to any one man, but having since received his Grace's 
positive commands to let all the English have their respective 
holdings, even at the very same rent they were set for the 
last year, and they being possessed of the most considerablest 
part of his Grace's interest in this county, we cannot by reason 
thereof add any augmentation to my Lord Duke's revenue. 



173 

Those two persons that were the main obstructors of his Grace's 
interest, by name Captain Dillon and Mr. Haslett, whom we 
thought this year should have been secluded from any part 
thereof, reaping equal benefit with any other of the English 
tenants, it not being in our power to advance one penny rent 
more on them than they paid the last year ; besides we desire 
to be resolved whether his Grace doth intend by his last order, 
that they should only enjoy such lands as they lived on and 
made use of with their own stocks, or all that they enjoyed 
the last year, and set to under-tenants to their great advantage, 
even no less than thirty ploughlands to one man, therefore 
we thought fit to offer this to your knowledge, that it may 
be presented to his Grace as you shall think fit, to the end 
we may yield all due obedience to his intentions therein and 
receive a positive resolution by the first post, which we leave 
to your more serious consideration. 

Postscript : — ^We are, by means of the last order, hindered 
from doing anything in order to that lease which was intended 
for Doctor Carroll. 

We desire you will be pleased to present the enclosed to my 
Lord Duke, which we have sent with a flying seal to the end 
you may peruse the same before delivery. We have likewise 
writ to the Earl of Clancarty, who we are confident will second 
our desires. Pray hasten our answer. 

Addressed: — ^For John Walsh, Esq., his Grace's Counsel at 
Law, at his house in the Quay in Dublin, these. 

Endorsed: — From the Commissioners of Kerry. 

EicHARD Chute, Thomas Crosbib and Jambs Naglb to 

Ormond. 

1664, May 31. Ardfert. — May it please your Grace: Your 
Grace's commissioners have last year, upon information given 
that Sir William Petty had upon loose debentures purchased, 
laid out three thousand acres in a territory of forty-eight 
thousand acres in such places as be thought fit, which the said 
commissioners did the last year set to your Grace's use, 
the same being subject to your Grace's chiefries, which, as they 
conceived, was contrary to the rules for setting out lands for 
debentures, and leaves the rest very inconsiderable, we humbly 
desire to know your Grace's pleasure whether the said lands 
shall be set this year, notwithstanding our instructions directs 
us not to meddle with lands allotted to soldiers. There is a late 
order from your Grace (a copy is enclosed) directing us to 
continue every English tenant to their former holdings at 
their former rents, we conceive that by the same order we shall 
not be able to advance the rents, the greater part of the estate 
being in the hands of English tenants. We also humbly 
desire to know whether by the word holdings, in the said order, 
is intended such lands as the said English livedon or had their 
stock depasturing upon, or whether the whole number of 
ploughlands they enjoyed the last year, which to great 



174 

advantage they set to under-tenants, be intended thereby, which 
we have humbly made bold to crave resolution in, by reason 
your Grace's revenue is so much impaired thereby. All which 
we humbly submit to your further pleasure, and remain your 
Grace's most humble and obedient servants, 

Bich. Chute. 

Tho. Crosbie. 

Jams. Nagle. 

A Particular of the Present Expense of their Majesties' 

Household and Stables. 

1664, June 16.— f s. d. 

Their Majesties' diet of ten dishes of 
meat a meal , with the four little dishes of 
meat a meal for Her Majesty. The 
dessert at dinner only included with the 
incidents thereunto belonging, with the 
diet of His Highness Prince Kupert and 
the Maids of Honour, will come to ... 23328 : 02 : 04 

To His Eoyal Highness the Duke of 
York 10400 : 00 : 00 

The charge of their Majesties' stables 
(the board wages of the eleven Equerries 
and Avenor not included), is about ... 19157 : 12 : 11 

Standing-wages for their Majesties' 
servants of the Chamber, Chapel, and 
Household, is 04676 : 01 : 06 

For the relief of the poor at the gate... 00073 : 04 : 00 

Allowances granted unto several persons 
by warrant from His Majesty since the 
29th of September last, according to 
particular thereof ... 04359 : 12 : 05 



Total 61994 : 13 : 02 



All diet lately served in kind, as also a great part of their 
Majesties' diet hereunder mentioned, board wages in lieu of 
diet to their Majesties' servants of the Chamber, Household, 
and Stables, Boudges* of Court Pensions, and all other 
allowances whatsoever granted by His Majesty's late book of 
Establishment for his household expenses, dated the 2nd of 
December, 1663, and suspended according to His Majesty's 
warrant of the 25th of August last past, viz. : — 

Dishes of meat a day. 

Abated out of His Majesty's diet ... 46 

Abated out of Her Majesty's diet ... 40 

Lord Steward ... 32 

Lord Chamberlain 32 

Master of the Horse 32 

Master Treasurer 32 

* Boudges, t.e. aUowanoes of food and Mrine. 



175 

Dishes of meat a day. 

Master Comptroller 32 

Groom of the Stool to His Majesty 28 

Mr. Secretary 20 

His Majesty * s breakfast 05 

Lord Chamberlain to the Queen ... 32 

Groom of the Stool to the Queen ... 14 

Dean of the Chapel 07 

Chaplains 10 

The Guard's breakfast 04 

Countess of Chesterfield 08 

The Cofferer 14 

Four Officers of the Green Cloth ... 28 

Clerks of the Kitchen ... 14 

Increases at Festival times to the Chapel, etc. 
In all 430 dishes of meat a day, with the incidents thereunto 
allowed, with the increases of diets at Festival times, will be 
defrayed for the sum of : — Per Annum. 

£ 8. d. 

27474 : 16 : 07 

The feast of St. George ... ... 01800 : 00 : 00 

Carriages and riding wages, horse hire 

and sumpter horses 01800 : 00 : 00 

Plays and dancing 00450 : 00 : 00 

Board wages to the Equerries and 

Avenor ... 00139 : 00 : 00 

Pensions to the servants of his late 

Majesty and King James, Eockers and 

other servants to the Princess Koyal, 

the Duke of Gloucester and Princess 

Anne, as allowed by the last Establish- 
ment 04929 : 00 : 00 

Board wages to the servants of His 

Majesty's Chamber 05365 : 16 : 08 

Board wages of the Household ... 07285 : 13 : 00 
Supernumerary servants board wages 03281 : 08 : 08 
Board wages to the servants of Her 

Majesty's Chamber and Household ... 04300 : 01 : lOJ 

Total 30531 : 00 : 02J 

£ 8. d. 
So that by this particular it doth 
appear that if all the Diets before 
expressed be wholly suppressed, and all 
the aforesaid allowances taken from His 
Majesty's servants. His Majesty will 
spend less this present year than he did 
the year beginning the 1st October, 1662, 
and ending the 30th September, 1663, by 58005 : 06 : 10 
Endorsed: — The particular of the present charge of His 
Majesty's house and stables, etc. 



176 

Fbancis, Lord Aungier to Ormond. 

1664, June 22. Dublin. — I have been so happy in your 
Grace's favours that I cannot think of any other refuge for what 
concerns me or my fortune, and therefore I humbly beg leave 
of your Grace that my wife (who is now in London to that 
purpose) may address herself to your Grace in reference to 
my small pretensions in the Bill of Settlement. She will 
(with your Grace's pardon) acquaint you if anything be likely 
to entrench on my interest, and I shall esteem myself very 
safe in your Grace's favour and patronage. 

Your Grace was pleased to hear from me the state of my 
present condition, which besides your Grace's kindness to 
me and your natural goodness, which makes you delight in 
obliging ofiBces, will engage your charity to help me. I know 
it is not fit to trouble your Grace with a long letter, and therefore 
I shall mention no particulars of my concerns but this one 
thing, wherein I shall be wholly disposed by your Grace's 
pleasure and advice. 

I have certain lands intermixed with my estate in the 
County of Longford, which were by the proprietor thereof 
mortgaged to my grandfather, and the right of redemption 
is now in the 1649 officers by the forfeiture of the old proprietor, 
who was notoriously active in the rebellion. The lands 
contain one thousand acres, and do not yield me, at this present, 
full £50 per annum, yet because I would secure those lands, 
and that without the clamour of the '49 oflScers, I am willing 
to give for them £400 in good stated arrears, which I should 
have esteemed too dear a purchase, but that those lands are 
very near my house. I humbly submit this to your Grace, 
which if your Grace approve of, my wife will present you with 
a proviso to be inserted in the bill. I must humbly beg your 
Grace's pardon for the constant trouble you meet with in my 
behalf, but I hope it is the less uneasy to your Grace, because 
you know I am resolved to make it my endeavour to render 
myself worthy of your Grace's kindness, while I have a life 
and any fortune to expose in your service. 

Endorsed : — Lord Aungier's to my Lord, by his Lady. 

Patrick Moorb to Ormond. 

1664, July 2. Dublin. — My obligation to your Grace's 
honours and favour are so great that I can omit nothing wherein 
your Grace is concerned without giving your Grace a hint of 
it, therefore know that being in conference with Sir John 
Talbot since your Grace parted, among other things he told 
me how great a patriot my Lord of Orrery would prove to the 
Pale, and that you were all for Munster, that he would have 
the English there, his friends and many of the Irish, and 
likewise gain the five English shires of his side, for whose 
restitution he hath furnished himself here with divers 
arguments, and all to be in equal balance in the public esteem 



177 

with your Grace, as he told me. He further said that Orreiy 
writ to his brother Dick (so he called him) to meet your Grace 
on the road, and at least to shew you a good outside, all this 
he spoke as from Orrery, and that Orrery dissented from you 
in some things here before your departure, which you would 
have him join with you in ; in fine they mean those brothers are 
all for Orrery, and by his countenance at Court intend to make 
a very great harvest of their poor countrymen, and to that 
purpose John tells me Dick hath been very active ; he likewise 
told me that Orrery commanded his brother Peter to be fifteen 
days before himself there, that when he came he would make 
it his own work to restore him to His Majesty's favour and his 
former place ; they are daily contracting with new clients by 
John's means here, as last day Gilbert (who now is so linked 
unto that family by the marriage of my Lady Loftus, and that 
at the earnest solicitation of Orrery) contracted with one 
Morphew, secretary unto Orrery, for Cheevers of Killean, in 
the County of Wexford, that is to say that for four hundred 
acres of Cheevers his estate Orrery should get him the rest ; 
Cheevers is Sir Eichard Butler of Knocktopher's grandchild, 
and they were with me to make the bargain, that is to say to 
speak to Hore of Kilshalchan's wife (Hore himself being gone 
for England), who is sister to this Cheevers, and they threaten 
to destroy Hore for parting hence, being engaged to Gilbert 
to make the bargain before he parted ; and all she could say 
was he would commend it in England with Morphew. They 
have agreed with many others lately. John hath promised 
shortly to shew me the bottom of all the affairs transacted 
in England from Orrery ; so as now I have an introspection 
into John Talbot's transactions, which shall be no sooner 
mine than your Grace's, if I can find them acceptable to your 
Grace. 

I told your Grace of Captain Ross, he is chief of their grand 
engines, and indeed a dangerous fellow if not well looked to ; 
and thus hoping your Grace will pardon this my great 
presumption , and put this frivolous paper by the rest of mine 
(for the less I am known, the more I may prove serviceable to 
your Grace, the latter of which is my only both scope and 
desire). 

Postscript : — I hope your Grace is not unmindful of mine 
and my father's small concern, a brief of w^hich I gave your 
Grace here. 



Proposals for Further Reducbments of His Majesty's 

Household Expenses. 

1664, August 4. — Proposals humbly offered to his Grace, the 
Lord Steward of His Majesty's household, for reducing the 
charge thereof from £120,000 per annum to £100,000 per 
annum, according to the directions given by his Grace. 
Wt. 8878 L 



178 

His Majesty's table to be served twenty-four dishes at 
dinner and twenty at supper, and the Queen twenty dishes 
of meat at dinner and sixteen at supper. 

Two basins of fruit and confections according to the 
season. 

To the Grooms of the King's bed-chamber for His 
Majesty's breakfast, three pieces of mutton and two 
chickens. 

To be abated out of each diet of ten dishes two dishes 
of meat a meal, and out of each diet of seven or six dishes 
one dish of meat a meal. 

The Chaplains five dishes of meat dinner only, or 125. 
per diem in lieu thereof. 

Additions of diet at Festival times to be discontinued. 

The boudges of Court to be discontinued. 

The great proportion of fire and light now served 
to their Majesty's lodgings to be reduced to moderation. 

All board wages and pensions above flOO per annum 
to be reduced, and the rest to be considered of. 

The service of breakfast, collations and all night to 
be taken away. 

The allowances for keeping Greenwich house to be paid 
as formerly by the Treasurer of the Chamber. 

Fasting nights to be observed as well for His Majesty's 
diet as for all others. 

Coats and liveries to His Majesty's servants to be 
reduced. 

The number of servants in each office to be reduced to 
a competent number, according to the number of diets 
continued. 

The rest to be provided for by moderate pensions 
according to their respective qualities. 

All fees to be taken away and consideration given for the 
same. 

The number of carriages to be moderated. 

That the charge of the Stable be reduced in proportion 
to that of the House, and that this be recommended to the 
Master of the Horse. 

That your Grace will please that the allowances for board 
wages and pensions may be passed and allowed to their 
Majesties* servants for this present year (viz., from the 29th of 
September, 1663, to the last of September, 1664), as they had 
allowed them in the precedent year. 

Elizabeth, Lady Chesterfield to Ormond. 

1664, August 6. Bretby. — Though I constantly give your 
Lordship this trouble once a week, I believe your Lordship 
seldom receives them. My concern for them miscarrying 
only proceeds from my fear that your Lordship may think that 
negligence and disrespect which is my misfortune. But now 



179 

that I have assured your Lordship I never omit the paying you 
all the duty I am capable of at this distance, give me leave 
to tell you I have strictly obeyed your commands in ceasing 
the company of the person your Lordship forbid my conversing 
with. They have since their being in the country sent to see 
me, which compliment I returned with my thanks for the 
invitation they gave me of spending some of my time with 
them at their house. I beseech your Lordship if there be 
any hopes of my being so happy as to return with your Lordship 
into Ireland, let me know it, for my desires are very great of 
expressing myself at a nearer distance, my Lord, your 
Lordship's most dutiful daughter and most humble servant, 
E. Chesterfield. 

Endorsed: — My daughter Chesterfield's. 

Patbick Mookb to Ormond. 

1664, August 13. Dublin. — Since my last, which was 
the 6th instant, I have seen two of my Lord of Antrim's 
letters written to my Lord Iveagh. The first was in March 
last, the substance desiring him for the servation of his estate 
to engage, which he did, the sum of £5,000 to be paid in five 
years, the agreement so intricate as to this day he knows not 
to whom he owes the money, but the name of him in whose 
name the bond was taken is one, John CooU, of Lincoln's Inn, 
and because they would be sure of their money the letter 
mentions witnesses here in Ireland to be present, which are 
one Christopher Russell (Captain Eogers' agent here, by 
which your Grace may guess to whom the money is to go) , and 
the other a stationer called Anthony ; Vice-Treasurer Bellingham 
and Sir John Bellew were by. The other was a letter of 
the 2nd August, in which he mentions his own hardship and 
despair, and desires him to repair for England presently, as not 
able to attend his own and Iveagh's interests, and among the 
rest, desires him to bring the Ulster articles with him (T 
believe to make use of them), but poor Iveagh says he never 
had them, but they were given to a servant of his and he 
gave them to one, Colonel Charles Kelly, one of the other tribe 
there. I have perused some letters written unto John Talbot 
by his brother Peter from Court, wherein he writes that 
Thomas Talbot so exclaims against your Grace, that they 
are all like to be lost, and that he wonders he is not banished. 
This is what I saw in that letter, but Sir Robert writes another, 
and in that writes that first an English interest is to be first 
settled in Ireland, and what is left is to be for us ; he mentions 
your Grace and those of the Council of Ireland there, and the 
Commissioners of Claims, to be the reporters and settlers of 
this work. Iveagh is engaged £1,500 more to Colonel Talbot, 
but could wish all his bonds cancelled ; and would altogether 
rely on His Majesty's favour and your Grace's goodness, to 
which purpose he hath obtained my Ijord Deputy's letter to 
Sir George Lane. 



180 

John Talbot, on a question put by me, how your Grace and 
Orrery corresponded, told me all your correspondency as to 
affairs were but teeth outwards, and that you loved not one 
another. 

Elizabeth, Lady Chesterfield to Ormond. 

1664, August 27. — My Lord: I have a petition to make to 
your Lordship, which I should want confidence to do as well 
as reason were my Lord's tenants so just to him as to pay 
their rents at the time appointed. Their failing now gives 
me so much disturbance as to desire your Lordship to pay a 
debt which I owe to my Lady of Essex, and which she has 
of late much pressed me to pay, wtich she should not have 
done could I have compassed the sum. It is so considerable 
to me as I fear I shall not in some time procure it, being a 
hundred pounds ; if it may not be inconvenient to your Lordship 
I beseech you to send it her by Mr. Congreve, who I will 
desire, when I know your Lordship's pleasure, to put it into 
gold, for so she won of me. And now I beseech your Lordship 
to pardon, as I apprehend this unbecoming freedom of, my 
Lord, your Lordship's most obedient daughter and most humble 
servant, E. Chesterfield. 

Endorsed: — Daughter Chesterfield, flOO in gold to the 
Countess of Essex. 

Elizabeth, Lady Chesterfield to Ormond. 

1664, August 29 (received). — My Lord : I received the honour 
of a letter from your Lordship by my brother John, and as 
I did upon your first commands avoid the seeing that person, 
who I hear most of the world are unsatisfied with , I will too 
all means of correspondence with her. I hope your Lordship 
will not forget, before you leave England, the sending me 
word where I may wait upon your Lordship, since it is that 
you are pleased to promise me, and were it not the happiness 
in the world I most desire and think of, I should not have 
the confidence to say this. I hope I shall so well conform 
to the advice you are pleased to send me, as that by my 
actions your Lordship will judge of my so being, witli all 
the duty and affection imaginable, my Lord, your Lordship's 
most obedient daughter and most humble servant, 

E. Chesterfield. 
Endorsed :— My daughter Chesterfield's. 

Sir Christopher Wandespordb to John Welsh. 

1664, September 3. Dublin.— Upon consideration of 
your note sent unto me by Mr. Wallis, I do hereby condescend 
and agree that there be yearly delivered four hundred barrels 
of earth coals at the coal pits of Idough, in the County of 
Kilkenny, unto and for the use of my most honoured and 



181 

dear good friend his Grace the Duke of Ormond, and 
his good Lady his Duchess, duriijg both their lives, provided 
that the said coals be had and taken away in such convenient 
manner as may not hinder the carriage of the country ; and 
that payment be made for the digging the said coals per barrel 
as the rest are paid for, to begin the first of May next. 

And that in regard the year is far spent now, there be 
delivered two hundred barrels for this present year. To which 
end and purpose I have given order for the delivery of the 
same accordingly. 

And withal I do most humbly submit myself unto what 
his Grace shall further declare in and concerning the passages 
that passed between his Grace and my father, and shall in 
all parts perform the same; for truly I am a mere stranger 
thereunto, and further desire to be expressed. Sir, if these 
be answerable to your expectation, in the behalf of my Lord, 
I desire you would signify it by your consent under your hand ; 
if not, I desire you to restore this back again to Mr. Wallis. 

Addressed: — For John Welsh, Esq., Agent for his Grace, 
James, Duke of Ormond. 



Elizabeth, Lady Chesterfield to Ormond. 

1664, September 24. Bretby. — My Lord: Your Lordship's 
first commands concerning the lady were of so great force 
with me, that I have by all the ways imaginable ceased any 
kind of correspondence with her ; but her Lord was here since 
my Lord's return, and told me his w-ife, upon her return to 
her mother, intended to see me. I made him no answer 
at all, and immediately changed that discourse, which I believe 
was an hint to make him see how little I esteemed her visit, 
which I hope he will hinder her from giving me, but if she 
do, her reception shall be answerable to what she has merited 
from me, which, I am convinced, is very ill. I am sorry my 
seeing your Lordship before you leave this kingdom is in 
doubt ; but do hope yet that your Lordship will continue your 
honour to me by. endeavouring to give me some time of seeing 
you, for 1 do, and ever will, profess that nothing in all the 
world is so considerable to me as the being near and the being 
sure of your Lordship's kindness, which I hope I shall rather 
every day improve my share of, by a strict care of all my 
actions than ever to lessen by the contrary, being with all 
the affection and observance I am capable of, my Lord, your 
Lordship's most obedient daughter and most humble servant, 
E, Chesterfield. 

Postscript : — I most humbly thank your Lordship for the 
debt you have given yourself the trouble of paying for me. 

Endorsed : — My daughter Chesterfield's. 



182 

Patrick Moore to Ormond. 

1664, October 28. Dublin. — My Lord: I hope this, my 
further presumption in writing to your Grace, will find the 
accustomed pardon. Being lately in discourse with Sir John 
Talbot, he told me that there is a clause endeavoured to be 
inserted in the Bill of Settlement, to avoid the payment of 
any sum contracted for with any undertaker; and therefore 
desired me to send for Lynch of the Knock and for Hussey 
of Moylehussey (for whom, as I formerly observed to your 
Grace, he made me send), and I believe as he made me send 
for those, he sent for all those concerned in his brother, the 
Colonel* s undertakings, to sign a new engagement to avoid this 
law, which, as he tells me, he will have done this way : — that 
is, they shall give an instrument under their hands and seals 
engaging that, as they are Christians and gentlemen, they shall 
not make use of that law to avoid their former engagements 
unto the Colonel. I doubt. not your Grace will avoid this 
new desire as well as the former, and to this purpose he 
shewed me a letter he had last post out of England, written 
in Spanish, which by the character I suppose was his brother 
Peter's, I could not see the name ; and then he tells me his 
reasons for his new invention, and said that your Grace was 
providing for your own friends and relations in Munster and 
here in the Pale, and that the rest are to be left on the general 
score; and that they would seek to preserve their own, and 
that must be done by the Courtiers who must have money, 
and that they desire but to get somewhat for their negotiation , 
and this was his pretence to me for sending for those gentlemen 
and so writ for them, but are not yet come, but will certainly. 

]\Iy Lord, I formerly did intimate to your Grace another 
great mischief like to befall a great number of our poor gentry , 
if in this bill not prevented by your Grace, who sold 
considerable parts of their estates upon very inconsiderable 
considerations, and withal have bound themselves in statute 
staples to make them good the estates, so as the purchasers 
run no hazard (which, if anything, would excuse), would make 
good the bargains, so as if they should seek by the law to 
avoid those bargains, they have no elbow-room, for presently 
they would fall upon them with executions on the statutes. 
I have heard many of them say they hoped some good 
Commonwealth's man would seek to prevent this mischief, 
which makes me bold to offer it to your Grace's patronage, 
and then when relieved (and not before) they may come to 
know how much your Grace concerns yourself against every 
bad interest. 

My Lord, as in my former, I beg your Grace's care of my 
small concern. 

Mabelle, Lady Fingall to Sir George Lane. 

1664, November 2. Dublin. — Sir : My Lord Lieutenant was 
pleased to give me an order to respite that land which I held 
from his Grace at Aghrim, and in the manor thereof in Conaght, 



183 

until I had gotten my jointure, and that his commissioners, 
and all concerned, should take notice thereof; the aforesaid 
commissioners, notwithstanding, set the said lands, last May, 
at fourscore and thirteen pounds, and left on myself for the 
town of Aghrim, which I hold in my own hands, £50 of 
the aforesaid sum. T made my application unto them, and 
they said that there was but £20 rent on that land when 
his Grace gave me that order, and said they would send 
the copy to my Lord to get his further directions thereon. 
I shall therefore entreat you to deliver this enclosed, and to 
pray his Grace to confirm his former order, w^hich is very 
plain (though I am put to trouble), for otherwise all the 
substance 1 have in the world will not discharge the rent. 
If you be remembered, I made known unto you here my sad 
condition, which putteth me in hope you have cast a thought 
on me, in minding my Lord Duke not to forget me in the 
Bill of Settlement. Sir, I pray excuse this presumption, 
and if in anything I may serve you, none shall be more ready 
than, sir, your very assured kinswoman and servant, Mabelle 
Fingall. 

Elizabeth, Lady Chesterfield to Ormond. 

1664, November 6. Bretby. — My Lord: Since I last gave 
myself this honour, the lady that your Lordship has sometimes 
mentioned in your letters, was here in her way to her father's, 
but stayed but one day, and that as she said to justify herself 
of many calumnies her enemies had thrown upon her, and 
seemed to resent those most that she had heard made her 
appear injurious to me, whom she confidently afiirmed never 
to have spoken reflectingly of, but my opinion was so absolutely 
governed by your Lordship's judgment that her protestation 
proved veiy ineffectual as to the persuading me of her 
innocency. I give your Lordship this account to prevent 
possibly your belief that I might have encouraged her to an 
eclaircissement, which, after your Lordship's commands to 
the contrary, I was not at all inclined to do, for I beseech 
your Lordship to believe I am so much concerned to preserve 
myself in your kindness, that, as it is the greatest happiness 
I pretend to, consequently it is my study to merit the title 
of, my Lord, your Lordship's most obedient daughter and 
most humble servant, E. Chesterfield. 

Endorsed : — My daughter Chesterfield's. 

Sir Nicholas Plunkett to John Walsh. 

1664, November 15. London. — I have received yours 
of the 28th of last month concerning the Earl of Middlesex's 
pretence, and having the papers formerly in my hands, have 
endeavoured to satisfy myself how the matter stood, and 
as I find, touching the principal and interest, without 
computing interest upon interest, my Lord Duke ^yill owe 
him but an inconsiderable part of the interest (if any). 



184 

As for the charges, I shall endeavour to distinguish that which 
is fit to be paid from that which is not. My Lady Duchess 
her commands to me since she received yours, was, that on 
the whole, I should confer with Mr. Shad well, and Sir George 
Lane promiseth to find him out to that purpose, with whom 
I shall willingly debate the matter, and I hope to bring it 
to some such way as his Grace may not be engaged in a law 
suit relating to that cause, and if I find that anything is 
objected, which may require your opinion, and puts on the 
debate, I will inform you at full and expect to hear from you. 

I have received yours of the 29th of October with the 
observations on the proviso intended for his Grace, and because 
I might be sure to proceed on a true copy (for I doubt the 
clerk's omission in that I sent you, finding a ** Kilkenny** 
wanting, which certainly was in the proviso given in), I was 
with Sir George Lane this morning to get the original from 
him, which he promised me, or if given in, that he would 
bring it me from the Solicitor General ; when I have it, I will 
lose no time in making use of those observations for his Grace's 
advantage. On further conference with himself, I shall 
understand his pleasure, after acquainting his Grace with the 
substance and reason of your observations. I had your letter 
to his Grace, and that to myself and the observations, but 
yesterday morning from his Grace, and thereof you shall have 
a further account as soon as possible, and I hope by the very 
next post to send you the draft as it shall be penned, and as 
it will be allowed here. 

The settlement is carried on with so great secrecy here, as we 
who are on the place, I mean my Lord of Clancarty, Fitz- 
Maurice, Sir Robert Talbot, and myself, are as yet strangers 
to it, but are promised the sight of it and to be heard to it (if 
there be a cause). This we have as a constant report from 
all hands that the adventurers and soldiers part with a third 
part, the '49 men the like, but that last is not so certain. 
Colonel Fitzpatrick will confer with you of doing something 
there for the support of my expense here, being for a much 
longer time than expected. I know you will give him your 
best advice and directions therein. 

You shall be sure of the continuance of my endeavours in 
your father's concerns. 

Addressed: — ^For John Walsh, Esq., these, in Dublin, at 
Mr. Bringhaugh's on the Merchant Key. 

Sir Nicholas Plunkbtt to John Walsh. 

1664, December 17. London. — Sir; I had yours of the 
6th of December, and thought ere this to have sent you a draft 
of the proviso as it stood altered in your observations. 
To bring it to that pass, I must first have had a seasonable 
opportunity of conferring with his Grace, which I had, and 
received his directions, and sent for the proviso to the Solicitor 
to alter it, and have accordingly done as my Lord directed, 
and the most material parts clearly expressed according your 



185 

observations, the copy whereof 1 intended to send you, but 
on receipt of your said letter of the 6th of this month, I resolved 
to keep it till I had added or altered what should appear 
necessary to the contents of your said letter of the 6th, and 
then to send it answerable to your former and latter 
observations. That which you touch in your last, touching 
the reversions and remainders that were in my Lord, and are 
to be parted with, I clearly made it out to my Lord that he 
parted with that which was his own, besides that which was 
given by the Act of Settlement, yet his Grace's answer was to 
me, that he was willing so to do as to reversions and remainders, 
depending on estate tails in regard the tenant in tail might, 
by a common recovery, dock his reversion and remainder 
without his countenance, so all that was done therein was 
clearly by his own command after he had understood the 
matter at full. As for what you write of the Transplanters' 
interest, I do protest that your reason doth convince me in 
my judgment, nor did I ever proceed in that matter but 
according the instructions, which differ from what you express ; 
but that I would have done if my advice be pursued, is that 
the interest of Transplanters be neither totally confirmed or 
taken away, but they be left to be regulated or confirmed or 
totally put by according the merits or demerits of those enjoying 
the lands and instruction, and power be given to that purpose 
to the Lord Lieutenant and such as His Majesty will please to 
join with him. 

Ihe Marquess of Antrim doth yet be under the danger of 
being subject by a clause to be inserted in the Act, to have his 
cause re-heard without obliging the commissioners to proceed 
according to His Majesty's former letter, whereon his decree 
of acquittal was grounded. 

As the proviso is now and as it was before, if Aghrim was 
in his possession it is very safe and secure, and in truth that 
being bis own lands is absolutely out of the vesting clause, 
as the rest of his own estate is. 

I did foresee from the very first what you advise me in my 
care of this proviso, and therefore never had any business in 
my hands which I more seriously consider to avoid blame as 
being of the greatest consequence that ever was trusted to my 
care, and concerning a person to whom I shall owe my whole 
substance; and, be sure of it, I will let nothing slip of his 
advantage, that either I can imagine by my own observation 
or of those you suggest, and if any be omitted, it must proceed 
from my obedience to his own commands, and which I am sure 
he will own for my discharge, and never from any negligence 
in me in what my judgment shall find fit or prompt me to. 

I thank you kindly for your care of supplying my wants ; 
you little thought I should stay so long ; you will soon hear 
from me when all is ready. 

I was glad to see your letter now, having heard you were 
not well. 



186 

Sir Nicholas Plunkett to John Walsh. 

1664, December 24. London. — I had yours of the 
29th of October with your observations on the draft of his 
Grace's proviso, and could not make you any certain answer 
till now, through the delay of the Settlement here, occasioned 
partly by the consultations and preparation concerning war 
with the Dutch, and partly by the Solicitor General, his 
term employment, and his attendance in the Parliament since 
the end of term. I know you have a copy of the 
observations you sent lying by you, so as I need not send 
them. The first was the omission of **the County of 
Kilkenny " in the draft I sent you, which was the neglect of 
my clerk in writing that draft, for it is otherwise in the original, 
which lay in Mr. Solicitor's hands, and which I have again 
taken from him that, w^here his Grace should direct, the proviso 
might be enlarged and altered pursuant to your observations 
Now it is amended pursuant thereunto, and thereof I send you 
here enclosed a copy. The second point in your observations 
is that of the time for the payment of the £50,000, 
which must be as in the precedent part of the Act is expressed, 
whereof I have yet no knowledge, nor did his Grace direct 
any alteration as to that. 

The word ** heirs" wanting in the saving is needless, the 
saving having reference to the quadruparite deed, 20th December, 
1661 , which comprehends a settlement of his whole estate, and 
therefore the saving with reference to it is full without the 
word heirs; this was your third observation. The saving 
was mended according to your fourth observation. The saving 
other rents and duties you will find in the copy, and so is 
your fifth observation fulfilled in the addition of the words 
** or at any time since,'* and your sixth is done as you directed 
in the omission of the words **now in possession of," and 
in addition of the words ** whereof the reversion or remainder," 
etc.," as the copy now sent will more fully inform you. You 
will also find the affirmative words you directed for clearer 
expression of the estates saved to be in my Lord. Dingle and 
Tralee are added, but Gowran and Knocktopher my Lord would 
not have particularly named, in regard the general words of 
what was not allotted to adventurers or soldiers, will carry and 
comprehend those. What this my letter doth not explain, 
the copy of the proviso itself will supply. I wish you and 
Mrs. Walsh a good Christmas. 

Postscript : — The draft of the bill is promised to be exposed i 

to object what they may, which I fear will take much time 
and stay me here so long, that I shall return deeply indebted, 
if friends there find not some way to supply me, wherein 
I shall not doubt of your good endeavours. j 

I minded my Lord, since I received your last, how he parts I 

by this proviso with the remainders and reversions, which 
were in hun before 1641, yet his Lordship would have it so for the 
reason I writ to you in my last, viz., that those may be docked. ! 



187 

Sir Nicholas Plunkett to John Walsh. 

1664 [-5], January 28. London. — I had yours of the 
third of January, from Fethard, in answer of mine of the 
17th of December, wherein you doubt that the observations 
you sent are not observed. Since my said letter of the 
17th of December, I have sent you a despatch of the 26th of 
December, and with it the copy of the proviso as it is drawn 
pursuant to your observations, wherein you will find that 
your observations are so pursued as nothing is omitted, which 
his Grace was pleased to allow me to insert, but he w^as still 
of opinion to part with the reversions and remainders, 
depending upon any estate tail of any lands which were In 
the hands of adventurers and soldiers; the which despatch 
of the 26th, I send by Mr. John Gey don, who parted hence 
the 26th of December, and doubtless had his Grace's pass for 
his going into Ireland and for his return. On perusal of the 
draft, I shall be glad to hear from you that if any doubt you 
have it may be yet amended. 

The Settlement goeth on very slow, in regard the Lord 
Chancellor, the Lord of Anglesey, and the Lord of Orrery, are 
all three in the gout. My Lord Duke and the Lord of 
Clancarty are both in good health, and so is my Lady Duchess 
of Ormond, who lately strained her leg coming out of a 
coach, and kept her chamber for a week, but now is so well 
that she is gone this day to her house at Moor Park. I pray 
let me hear from you as soon as possible, that if my despatch 
by Geydon met with any misfortune or be not come into your 
hands, I may hasten to you another copy of that proviso. 
I thank you for your care of endeavouring to supply my 
expenses here. 1 protest I have already, since my coming 
hither, borrowed £150 pounds. You and the rest did little 
think I should have cause to stay here so long, when you 
first employed me hither. I put the trust of sending this 
on the Steward, who will, I hope, despatch it. 

Addressed: — For John Walsh, Esq., these, at Dublin,. or 
elsewhere in Ireland. 

Samuel Pdllon, Archbishop of Tuam, to Ormond. 

1664 [-5], January 30. Tuam. — The parsonage of 
Knockgraffon, in the County of Tipperary, falling void by 
the death of Mr. Bartley, the late incumbent, gives me an 
unexpected occasion of troubling your Grace with this address, 
to signify so much to your Grace, and withal to remind 
your Grace of my right to the next presentation thereto, by 
virtue of an advowson under your Grace's hand and seal, 
an attested copy whereof I have here withal enclosed. Which 
favour your Grace was pleased then to confer upon me (as 
a reward for my endeavours to serve the Church, and your 
Grace's interest in that particular), upon my free and voluntary 
tendering to yourself my interest of a lease of that parsonage 



188 

for the term of thirty-six years then in being at an 
inconsiderable rent, which I then purchased of the Archbishop 
of Cassels for £300, who had paid the same rate for it to 
Sir Eichard Butler. My most noble Lord, I have a nephew, 
at present a student in the College of Dublin, of some hopes, 
for whom I have for some time designed the living, if it fell 
vacant in mine, and I thought it my duty to acquaint your 
Grace therewith, as well to prevent the applications of ethers 
(ignorant of the predisposed right) from taking any effect, which 
possibly might happen by your Grace's not remembering it, 
as also to receive your Grace's approbation thereof, which I 
esteem more than my own title to it. 

Postscript : — May it please your Grace ; the parties nominated 
in the advowson were my two brothers-in-law, my Lord 
Bishop of Derry and Mr. Forward, whom I put in as feoffees 
in trust for me. 

Elizabeth, Lady Chesterfield to Ormond. 

1664 [-5], February 6. Bretby. — My Lord : The not having 
heard from your Lordship this three months, has given me a 
great deal of trouble, not that I have pride enough to expect that 
honour, had not your Lordship's kindness to me formerly 
given it me, and as I ever considered it as an expression of 
that concern that I value above any happiness in the world. 
I hope your Lordship will pardon my fears, if they are 
groundless, for persuading me it is lessened, since they are 
only the effects of that duty and affection that is paid you, 
without the least mixture of interest, by, my Lord, your 
Lordship's most obedient daughter and most humble servant, 
E. Chesterfield. 

Endorsed : — My daughter Chesterfield's. 

Sir Nicholas Plunkett to John Walsh. 

1664 [-5], February 25. London. — The last I had from 
you was of the 27th of January, which was sent me hither 
from Moor Park, enclosed in a letter from my Lady Duchess 
of Ormond, together with a paper of questions concerning my 
Lord Duke's proviso, in which letter her Grace directed I 
should confer with my Ijord Duke thereof on his coming to 
London, he being then at Moor Park. On Thursday, the 
23rd of this month, his Grace was come to Court, and the 
very next day I minded him of those questions, and desired 
he should set apart some convenient hour that I might discourse 
with his Grace of those, that what should appear necessary 
might be added to the last draft of his proviso. To-morrow, 
three of the clock in the afternoon, his Grace appointed me to 
attend him about it, which I shall not fail to do, and give you 
a further account what shall be directed in order to those 
questions, the consequence whereof I have taken into 
consideration and prepared myself to let him clearly see where 



189 

his advantage is. But some of those questions have their 
resolutions by the last draft, as I will let you see in my next, 
yet in that you will be resolved on sight of the draft itself 
which I sent hence by Mr. John Geydon, of Irish town, in the 
County of Kildare, who is there arrived, as I find by a letter 
from my wife, and cannot doubt you have ere this my letter 
wherein the said last draft was enclosed, but to be sure of 
your receipt thereof, I long to hear from you. Here is nothing 
done these three months past, but what Mr. Solicitor hath 
done for preparing a draft of the bill, yet we are hopeful 
something will be now soon done, when the sitting of the 
Parliament shall be concluded, being expected on Tuesday 
next. 

Lord Shannon to Sir George Lane. 

1664 [-5], March 6. Cork. — I received, by my brother 
Cork, so large and pleasing an account of your civil expressions 
of me, and favour to me in the procuring me (in hopes) His 
Majesty's letter for a patent for that small parcel of land I 
begged your assistance in, as I owe you so great an obligation 
for it, that I do not think it sufificient to have sent you the 
one bill of acknowledgment for it by the post, but I must 
send you also this second bill of my humble and real 
acknowledgment, by your cousin and servant, Jack Jephson, 
and truly sir, when I consider how obligingly civil you are in 
heaping favours on me, and indeed all others, I can say no 
more but 'tis done like Sir George Lane himself, who may 
say with the greatest assurance, though with the least 
advantage that none can have a more faithful servant than 
you have of me, who will allow none to honour you more truly 
nor to serve you (if it ever lies in my power) more joyfully and 
readily than, dear sir, your ever obliged, faithful, humble 
servant. Shannon. 

Postscript : — My wife is your most humble servant and your 
Lady's. 

Lord Dungannon and Sir William Flower to Ormond. 

1664 [-5], March 18. Dublin. — Mr. Dodson being now 
upon his repair into England, where he will give your Grace 
an account of his proceedings concerning the Park,* we, 
according to the trust reposed in us by your Grace, are humbly 
bold to certify that the wall, as much of it as hath been finished, 
is so deficient, both for the badness of the stone and in the 
workmanship, that it doth daily fall in great proportions, in 
so much that of what hath once being finished, there will 
now be very many perches to be raised to the height of four 
or five foot at most, and so topped with furze, until better 
stone can be drawn to finish it. My Lord Deputy hath, by 
our humble desire, offered Mr. Dodson dElOO for this year to 
repair what is fallen of the finished w^ork, and so to keep the 

♦The Phcenix Park. 



190 

whole in repair, wiiich he refuses, unless your Grace will 
confirm the same to him for seven, in which we dare not 
advise, but for this year w-e are well assured he can be no 
gainer by that contract ; but the repair of the w^all he hath 
now taken in hand, and hath submitted himself to your Grace*s 
pleasure therein, whether by the year or upon account. 

This enclosed paper we are humbly bold to present to your 
Grace's view, as that which w-ill clearly demonstrate the 
condition and circumference of the whole work, as w^e have 
had the same surveyed by Captain Wheaton, which being 
compared with Mr. Dodson's paper that he shall present, will 
much shorten w^hat your Grace hath further to say to him in 
that concern. 

Enclosure : — The survey of the park wall at Phoenix. 

The contents of perches in the surround of the wall of the 
Phoenix Park, according to twenty-one foot in length and one 
foot in height to the perch, taken the 18th of March, 1664. 
Of wall finished and coped of 7 foot high 1,371 perches. 
Of wall formerly finished and fallen 
down in breaches again, at least 3 foot of 
the height, and now filled with furze and 
thorns to keep in the deer 



Of wall 4 foot high 
Of wall 4J foot high 
Of wall 2 foot high 
A small foundation 
Of w^all 



... 0098 perch. 

... 0160 perch. 

0082 perch. 

0014 perch. 

0010 perch. 

0072 perch. 

In all... 1807 perches. 



This is the present condition of the wall as it now is, what 
yet stands cannot, by what is past, be said to stand long. 

By William Wheaton , Surveyor. 

Multiplying this wall of 1,371 perches in 
length by 7 foot, which is the height of the 
height of the wall, it makes 9597 perches. 

And the wall of 98 perches being 
multiplied by 4 foot, which is the height 
of it, makes ... 0392 perches. 

And the wall of 160 perches being so 
multiplied, makes 0640 perches. 

And the wall of 82 perch being multiplied 
by 4 J foot, makes 0369 perch. 

And the wall of 14 perch being multiplied 
to 2 foot, which is the height of it, makes 0028 perch. 

Total done... 11026 perches. 

The whole circumference of the wall is 1,807 perch, at one 
foot to the perch in height, being multiplied by seven, which 
is the height the wall should be, makes 12,649 perches. 



191 
Captain Roger Bamber to Ormond. 

1665, April 11. Dublin. — Pursuant to your gracious 
direction, after my arrival in this kingdom, I did humbly set 
forth what came to my hands of your Grace's hawks, in 
obedience to your Grace's commands. Now, likewise, I thought 
it my duty to intimate unto your Grace that with those 
hawks, I received no trimmings, which bear so high a rate 
here that for half the value or price they may be acquired in 
London, and better accommodated than this kingdom can 
afford; they may be had in Boulton*s shop in Fleet Street, 
for there are the best. Now young hawks will be coming 
in, wherefore I would willingly know whether your Grace 
be intended to furnish His Majesty, or any other your friends 
in England, with a cage of hawks, that my care may prove 
the greater as well in preserving them for your Grace's use 
as in preparing them fit to transport, or otherwise to observe 
your Grace's future commands for the disposing of them ; 
whereof I thought it my bounden duty to intimate' unto your 
Grace and humbly to submit to your gracious commands. 

Addressed: — To his Grace, James, Duke of Ormond, Lord 
Lieutenant General and General Governor of His Majesty's 
kingdom of Ireland, Palatinate of the Regalities and Liberties 
of the Counties of Tipperary jmd Cross, Lord Steward of 
His Majesty's household. Knight of the most noble Order 
of the Garter, and one of His Majesty's most honourable 
Privy Council, these, at his lodgings, humbly present in 
Whitehall, London. 



Thomas Humes to Sir Nicholas Plunkett. 

1665, May 10. Dublin. — You may probably think it 
too long that I have not returned an account of the contents 
of your letter of the 15th of April last, which I received in the 
country the 25th of the same, and could not possibly, without 
prejudice to other concerns of his Grace's, come hither till 
Saturday last, the 6th instant. That day I sent to 
Mr. Boulton, of Corduffe, who had the originals of what you 
would have (and I but a brief of them) ; yesterday I received 
them; now I send you the four papers you desire, which 
proves the payment of 1,650/ in time, after the gale of 
Michaelmas, 1635, and in regard the acquittances mentioned 
by you, neither of the other two papers do import that this 
sum being paid, was in discharge of the three gales now in 
question, viz., Easter, 1636, Michaelmas, 1636, and Easter, 
1637. I send you other papers to clear it, viz. : — • 

1. Matthew Derenzie's acquittance for 550Z for the gale 
of Michaelmas, 1635, which proves that that and all the gales 
before were paid, and by consequence this 1,650/ must be 
for the subsequent gales. 



192 

2. His Grace's letter to the trustees, which proves the 
payment of Easter gale, 1636. Also by it you see he was 
not satisfied that more was due to Midd [lesex] , therefore the 
trustees kept the said 550i in their hands until they received 
my Lord of Ormond's further letter, which is marked to you 
under the 

3. Figure of three, and the Chief Baron's letter 

4. Marked with the figure of four. 

5. That the said 550/ was paid over, appears by Tristram 
Whatcome's letter to Christian Borr, and by Borr's acquittance 
on the back of it, both marked with the figure of five. 

6. Prove this further, you receive a copy of a letter from 
the trustees to the p]arl of Midd [lesex] , marked with the 
figure of six. 

7. To prove the 1,100/ paid, you have George Carleton's 
acknowledgment, marked with the figure of seven, that it 
was deposited on his hands. 

8. My Lord Duke's letter to the trustees, marked with 
the figure of eight, signifying his pleasure that the said 1,100/ 
should be paid. 

Note, — The letter is of 11,000/, which must needs be the 
mistake of his Grace's secretary, as appears also by Borr's 
acknowledgment, and by the subsequent acquittance, and by 
all the proceedings. 

9. Matthew Derenzie's acquittance for the l,100i, endorsed 
upon his letter of attorney, both marked with the figure of nine. 

10. I send you also Milward's letter marked with the 
figure ten, because it is one of the four papers you desire 
though I conceive it not much material. 

It should seem by your letter that some question is made 
of the payment of the Easter gale, 1628, which indeed carries 
no colour of doubt, there being so many acquittances of all 
the subsequent gales, and if need be, as I cannot believe there 
will, I will send you the acquittance of that very gale. So as 
I hope by the next, or soon after, I shall hear from you that 
this matter is at an end, which I desire by any means may 
be effected before my Lord parts from thence. 

Now, sir, give me leave to say something to another part 
of your letter in answer to a query of mine, viz. : Whether 
surplusage lands, possessed by adventurers or soldiers, and held 
of my Lord's grace, or whereof a reversion or remainder is in 
him, may be seized upon to his Grace's use. To this you 
are pleased to answer that the adventurers and soldiers take 
in a gross quantity, therefore no surplusage they have in their 
lot can be seized upon by my Lord Duke. It cannot be 
denied that by the late Act of Settlement his Grace may enter 
upon the whole lot of the one and of the other, being held of 
him, even that which is not surplusage, much more upon that 



193 

which is. In the saving clause for his Grace in the present 
intended Act, there is an exception of such lands as were 
allotted to adventurers or soldiers, which certainly must be 
intended of lands duly and rightly allotted, and cannot be 
intended to reach to more than their due proportion, and if 
there be such a rule as they must take in a gross quantity, it 
cannot follow that in such a crowd the interest already settled 
in my Lord shall be taken. They may as well, and by the 
letter too, take all other his demesne lands w^hich were allotted. 
Also these surplusages are, for the most part, already seized 
upon by another name, viz. : — concealments, and granted in 
custodiams, whole towns, some whereof I have seized upon 
before I wrote to you upon this subject. Therefore if you can 
borrow so much time from your other great affairs, I pray you 
let me receive your further answers to this, and (as I wrote in 
relation to other questions before) could wish you had conferred 
with some other of the ablest there, so they were trusty. 

I can receive no answer to that of the regicide's lands, 
whereof I wrote to you long since. Doctor Gorges, together 
with the Chief Baron and Justice Alexander, are now the 
setters of the Duke of York's estate. They speak of all the 
custodiam lands too, whereof his Grace hath some in possession, 
but of this I shall write more particularly, after that I shall 
discourse with them more than I have done yesterday. 

King's Letter concerning the Phoenix Park. 

Charles E. 

1665, May 11. Whitehall. — ^Eight trusty and right entirely 
beloved cousin and councillor, and right trusty and right 
wellbeloved cousin and councillor, we greet you well. Whereas 
we did, by our letters of the 26th day of May, 1663, authorize 
you, our Lord Lieutenant, to purchase for our use the whole 
manor and house of Chappel Izod, with the town and lands 
thereunto belonging, and such several other lands which lie 
most convenient to make a Park about our house of the Phoenix, 
as you should think fit, so as the same should not amount in 
the whole to above the sum of ten thousand pounds, and also 
to enclose in the said Park with a stone wall, in such manner 
as it was then akeady begun, such lands of our ancient inheritance 
or new purchase as you shall judge fit for that use, and to 
store the same with deer; and whereas, besides the several 
other lands purchased by you for the Park, and the building 
the Park wall, and divers other necessaries fit to be provided 
there, the purchase money of the house and lands of Chappel 
Izod from our Chancellor there, doth amount unto the sum 
of ten thousand pounds before limited, and whereas the other 
lands taken into the said Park, together with the charge of 
building the said wall and reparations in and about the said 
Park, will amount unto a greater sum. We have therefore 
thought fit hereby to authorize you to give order to our right 
Wt. 8878 H 



194 

trusty and right wellbeloved cousin and councillor, Arthur, 
Earl of Anglesey, our Vice-Treasurer of that our kingdom, or 
any other Vice-Treasurer that hereafter shall be, to satisfy 
and pay such several sums of money to the several other persons 
whose lands are taken into the said Park, as are or shall be 
agreed to be paid for the same, and also such other sums of 
money from time to time as shall be requisite for the doing 
the said work, so as the same do not amount in the whole to 
more than the sum of twenty thousand pounds sterling, including 
the said sum of ten thousand pounds, being the purchase 
money for the house and lands of Chappel Izod agreed to be 
paid to our said Chancellor. And for so doing this, shall be 
as well unto you as to our said Vice-Treasurer, and all other our 
officers and ministers whom it may concern, a sufficient 
warrant. Given at our Court at Whitehall, the 11th day of 
May, 1665, in the 17th year of our reign. 

Py His Majesty's command, 

Arlington. 

Entered at the signet office, the 11th day of May, 1665. 

Sidney Bere. 

To our trusty and right entirely beloved cousin and councillor, 
James, Duke of Ormond, our Lieutenant General and General 
Governor of our kingdom of Ireland. And to our right trusty 
and right wellbeloved cousin and councillor, Thomas, Earl of 
Ossory, Lord Deputy of our said kingdom, and to any other 
our Chief Governor or Governors of our said kingdom, which 
hereafter for the time shall be, and to all other our officers 
and ministers there whom it may concern. 

This is a true copy of the original , 

G. Lane. 

Sir N. Plunkbtt to Thomas Humes. 

1665, May 23. London. — ^After long expectations, I had 
the packet you sent concerning the Earl of Middlesex, and 
will make use thereof when the aflFair shall be met on, wherein 
there shall be no delay on my Lord's part. The acquittance 
for Easter, 1628, I wish I had, for they still insist thereon, 
though we have many convincing reasons to prove the same- 
to have been paid. It is true that when I observed in one 
of your objections, that concerning the surplusage lands which 
adventurers and soldiers had, on conference with his Grace, 
he made me that answer which it seemeth I wrote to you of, 
but before I had your last despatch, reflecting on the 
disadvantage put on his Grace by his parting with that 
surplusage, I took occasion to discourse again with his Grace 
of it, and got his allowance to insert that among the other 
savings in his proviso, which I did accordingly insert by 
adding in the draft these ensuing words : — ** nor what surplus 
of acres any adventurer or soldier hath above his due lot." It 



m 

cometh in after the place where you find in the draft you 
have the words: — **claimeth for sea service." So as that 
question was ended before I had your last. I have often minded 
his Grace of that concerning the regicides, and it is long since 
I stated the case concerning that which his Grace said he 
would deliver to the Lord Chancellor, and howbeit nothing can 
be clearer than his right in that particular, yet have I no 
resolution from him hitherto. I do suppose his Grace's reason 
is for that there is a very probable expectation that the Duke 
of York will waive that interest, I mean all his proviso or 
grant concerning the regicides* estates, and take a compensation 
in money by a general tax. If so, the doubts risen on his 
custodiam will also fail. Here is an expectation that there 
will be a speedy end put to the general settlement. The bill, 
which was so long in preparation and read publicly to those 
concerned, is laid by, and now they go on other grounds, the 
soldiers and adventurers being content to accept of two parts 
of three of what was their due, and leave the rest to the 
general stock. The Protestant Conaght purchasers do so 
also, so far they are gone on the frame of a new bill. This is 
all I can now say. 

Postscript : — Mr. Humes, I pray hasten this to Mr. John 
Walsh, from your humble servant, N. Plunkett. 

Order of Lord Dungannon and Sir William Flower for 
Payment to Sir John Temple for his Interest in the 

Phcenix Park. 

1665, June 27. — ^Whereas his Grace, the Duke of Ormond, 
hath empowered us to view, appraise, and make contracts 
with the several persons for the several interests in His 
Majestv's Park, near the city of Dublin, and having agreed 
with the honourable Sir John Temple, knight. Master of 
the EoUs of His Majesty's High Court of Chancery in Ireland, 
for his full interest therein ; and whereas there is now remaining 
in the hands of Sir Daniel Bellingham, knight, the sum of 
eight hundred pounds to be issued out for the satisfying of 
such contracts as we shall think fit, now therefore we pray 
and desire the said Sir Daniel Bellingham to pay to the said 
Sir John Temple, the sum of one hundred and fourscore pounds 
for his interest aforesaid, out of the said eight hundred pounds. 
And this our warrant, together with the said Sir John Temple's 
acquittance confessing the receipt thereof, shall be unto the 
said Sir Daniel a sufficient discharge for so much. 

Dungannon. 
Wm. Flower. 

Endorsed: — ^Lord Dungannon and Sir William Flower's 
order to Sir Daniel Bellingham to pay Sir John Temple 1801 
for his interest in the Park. 

Warrant for payment of this money, dated the 28th of 
February, 1665. 



190 

Lord Hatton to Ormond. 

1665, July 9. Hatton House. — May it please your Grace : 
Being as yet got not above a step or two from the grave, it is 
a bold attempt, I confess, to suffer my weak spirits and hand 
to make an address to your Grace. But the case of 
Mr. Clement, who indeed, next my children and my domestics, 
I am beholding to for his long fidelity to me and care of me 
and my affairs, or rather my own reputation being no less 
touched in the affront than his right, do embolden me to 
importune your Grace in his behalf that a junior may not 
invade his right. Not to trouble your Grace further, I most 
humbly beseech your Grace to extend this favour to me, who 
living or yet dying shall to the last continue, may it please 
your Grace, your Grace's most humble servant, 

Chr. Hatton. 

Endorsed : — ^Lord Hatton in behalf of Mr. Clement. 



Lb Comtb de Gramont to Ormond. 

1665, August 15. — Monsieur : Faites moy s'il vous plet 
rhonneur de croire que i*ay pris la part que ie dois a la perte 
que, vous aves faite et que ie seray toute ma vie si sansible 
a toutes les choses qui vous arriveront que i'espere vous obliger 
par la m'onorer de vostre amitie que ie vous demande Monsieur, 
avec protestation de la vouloir meriter par mes tres humbles 
services et la grace d'estre creu de vous. Monsieur, vostre tres 
humble et tres obeissant serviteur et nepveu,* 

Ce quinsuime Aoust. Ie Comte de Gramont. 

Addressed: — A Monsieur, Monsieur Ie due d' Ormond. 

Endorsed: — Comte de Gramont. Received at Kilkenny, 
20th September, '65. 

Sir Daniel Bellingham to Ormond. 

1665, September 30. Dublin. — His Majesty's council 
being in this city, it will not be fit for me to represent 
to your Grace what cannot have escaped their view^ 
and censure, not doubting but they have communicated 
it to your Grace. But for my more safe walking I have 
judged it necessary, as I have been wholly passive hitherto 
in the business of honour intended me and this city, so to 
suspend the taking that title t (which the royal grant hath 
conferred on the Mayor of this city, and wiser than I give 
me upon that account) till I receive your Grace's direction, 
which, next His Majesty, shall ever be most cheerfully obeyed 
by your Grace's, etc. 

* The orthography of the original is followed in this transcript 
tThe title of Lord Mayor of Dublin was first borne by Sir Daniel Bellingham. 



197 

Thomas Bigby to Sib Geobge Lanb. 

1665, October 30. — The Park wall hath taken in Newtown 
and Insecore, parcels of St. James' parish, the tithe of them 
belonging unto the Minister of St. Katherine's and St. James, 
united by an Act of State. Immediately after the wall was 
begun, I petitioned his Grace the Lord Lieutenant ; his Grace 
referred it to Mr. Dodson, and Mr. Dodson reported my damage 
to be ten pounds per annum. His Grace signed the report 
and commended my petition to the Council Board. They all 
subscribed, with a reference to four of the council or any 
three of them, for my allow^ance in recompense of my loss. 

Mr. Summers hath all my papers, which will fully satisfy 
my proceedings in that particular. It is come to the birth, 
and I want strength to bring forth without your honour's 
assistance. 

Endorsed: — My cousin Eigby's. 

Sir Jambs Ware to Sir George Lane. 

1665, November 27. Dublin. — ^Honoured Sir: To your 
many other favours I pray you add one more, that my nephew, 
Mr. James Eeynolds, may be excused from being Sheriff of 
the County of Leitrim for the subsequent year. You know 
his condition, and that he is not as yet fully restored to his estate. 

Your ready and obliged servant, Ja. Ware. 

James Buck to Ormond. 

1665, December 5. Moor Park. — Upon the request of some 
gentlemen, my neighbours, I attended them to Sir Philip 
Butler's, in order to his election for one of the knights for 
this county, who has presented your Grace with a brace of male 
deer and two brace of does, piebald, black and white, fallow and 
white. I have left order for the taking and sending them 
hither after Christmas. I did, in several letters, humbly desire 
. your Grace to direct two or three lines to me for the King's 
Serjeant Trumpet for the delivery of those deer and ducks 
His Majesty promised out of St. James* Park, and though 
the late great winds did so shatter our old pales, yet they are 
now so well repaired, that they are a very good fence for any 
strange deer. Next to the town I have set up a handsome 
large coach-gate, horse-gate, and stile, and from thence in 
a direct line is already planted up to the house four rows 
of elms, in a true proportion of distance like unto that in 
the front of the house, but in a righter method. We are 
now planting the like from the house to the gate leading to 
Watford, but leaving a handsome distance, by way of half- 
moon at each gate for the turning of coaches. Here is 
already planted eight hundred elms, six hundred chestnuts, 
and two hundred walnuts; the chestnuts in four handsome 
walks, a true distance from the lodge, and the lodge in the 
centre. They are planted there for their preservation by 



198 

the lodge when they bear, and the pleasantness of the ground, 
the walnuts planted in the view of the house, and the great 
garden from the comer of the new kitchen garden, betwixt the 
snow-house and the hill. Another walk is intended on the other 
side of the hill, so that the hill (from the house) shall stand 
betwixt two walks. I have already put in some ice and 
snow into the house. The new fountain is finished with lead, 
constantly playing. The old rock and the two dolphins are 
put in, but easily removed. The upper pond is again stored 
with carps; the garden walls of each side all planted, and 
as Mr. Moore assures me, with the greatest variety and best 
fruit in England, but that garden which Mr. Moore undertakes 
will be so pleasant a ground, that they are all against planting 
a standard there for spoiling the beauty of that place, we 
having kitchen garden enough for such uses. 

But now my greatest fear is that the best of my duty 
cannot recompense the least diversion from your greater affairs, 
which makes me often present that trouble to her Grace, and 
have humbly begged her pardon for it, as I do. 

Postscript : — ^We are now upon drawing of drains as they 
were laid out. 

Dr. Benjamin Parry* to Sir George Lane. 

1665, December 11. Oxford. — I received information this 
last week, from my Lord Bishop of Winchester, that my 
brother. Dr. Parry, was fallen very sick past hopes of recovery, 
and his Lordship advised me to make what friends I could 
to get a letter from his Grace, the Duke of Ormond, to my Lord 
Chancellor here, in my behalf, for a living in Surrey, which my 
brother had, in the gift of the great seal. And now not 
having heard almost these three weeks from my brother, 
fearing the unfortunate news may be true, I have taken the 
boldness to address myself to you, encouraged by the noble 
and generous obligations you have already laid on us, to beg 
your wonted patronage and favour in procuring me my Lord's 
letter to the Lord Chancellor in my behalf, in case it hath 
gone so ill with my brother, with what speed you can to 
prevent others. Be pleased to pardon this trouble, which 
the experience of your goodness puts me upon, since I have 
not a nobler friend than yourself, whose worthy assistance 
as I do not doubt of now, so it will be an eternal obligation 
on, noble sir, your unfortunate but humble servant, 

Oxford, Corpus Christi College. Ben. Parry. 

William Crispin to [ ] Amoby. 

1665, December 5. Kinsale. — I humbly think you may 
do well to hint to some honourable persons of the council, 
that here is one. Monsieur Choisin, that hath made exceeding 

*Dr. Benjamin Parry was the son of one Irish Bishop (Edward Parry, 
Bishop of Killaloe) and the brother of another (John Parry, vtdep, 212, infra) 
whom he lumself succeeded to the See of Ossory. 



199 

high preparations of beef, and yet makes no sign of his intent 
of shipping it hence. I wish there be not some invading 
design against this naked, though considerable, part of Ireland. 
I had former letters from the said Crispin, that this Monsieur 
had slaughtered three thousand beeves, and did still continue 
slaughtering more. I am informed that this Monsieur is 
a Boman Catholic, and yet to be made free of Kinsale (where 
he arrived about four months ago), he hath taken the oaths 
of supremacy and allegiance. 

Kinsale, 8th December, 1665. 

Here is a strong report that an attempt hath been lately 
made by some forces of France for surprise of Jersey, and that 
they were beaten ofif with loss of two ships of theirs sunk, 
one of which is said had thirty-eight brass guns. Several 
letters to this effect is come hither. If you have any certainty 
hereof, pray favour me with a line. 

Endorsed: — Extracts of several letters from Kinsale. 
Received from Mr. Amory the 12th of December, 1665. 
[Endorsement in Sir G. Lane's handwriting.] 

Humphrey Barrowb to Ormond. 

1665, December 12. Tralee. — The product of the year 
1666 having been the knotty theme of some laborious, but too 
many confident pens, which nevertheless (and that without 
the help of their discord) have left us still in the dark , I humbly 
beg it may not be accounted a piece of levity in your servant 
to acquaint your Grace with a small beam, which lately, yet 

ferhaps seasonably, shined into his observation. My Lord, 
neither pretend to the spirit of prophecy nor that of 
interpretation, but on Friday, the first of this month, about 
four in the morning, awaking out of a dream (to which I 
dare not presume to be the Oedipus) I fell, as above my station 
I use to do, into a consideration of the present posture of affairs 
betwixt the King and his neighbours, amongst whom the 
French King was pressed deep into my thoughts, and (as under 
an impulsive violence) his name (being in the Boman tongue, 
Ludovicus) made the sole subject of my meditation, which 
having often revolved in the accusative case, Ludovicum, I 
fancied the discretion of it, and found it to consist of the 
numerical letters standing for 1666, viz.,M.D.C.L.V.V.V.I, 
with the letter standing in the body of the name exclamantly 
calling for the wonder and admiration of the world at what 
should happen that year; withal observing the accusative 
Ludovicum subject to the government of some verb, but 
whether elexi, rejexi, vocavi, missi, or what else, God only 
knows. After which, retrospecting the nominative Ludovicus, 
I found its numerical letters, viz., D. C. L. V. V. V. I, being 
666, the perfect number of the beast, being the number of 
a man, Kevelations 13th, and last verse. Other observations 
I made, as that of the evenness of the figurative letters in both 
cases before and after the letter 0, viz., in Ludovicus, before 



200 

the letter stands 555, and after it 111, before in Ludovicum 
the same 555, and after it 1,111, being just double the number 
555, with the addition of a not dividable unit, which last 
things (by the perusal of some books I then wished for) may, 
in comparing things with things, be found not without some 
signification. 

My Lord, these observations made, my next consideration 
was what use to make of them, and finding myself born the 
subject and servant of my dear and dread sovereign, and 
all I am either in body or mind only his, I resolved upon this 
way, through your Grace's noble hands, to convey the 
knowledge of them to his sacred Majesty, to the end that 
if His Highness (upon consultation had with other wise 
and learned persons) shall find anything of God's meaning 
in these things, he may (pardon, I beseech your Grace, the 
presumption of a worm to write it) be the better enabled to 
play his national games with all his neighbour princes and 
states, to the glory of that God that hath so miraculously 
restored him, and the good of his Church, the honour of his 
crown and welfare of all his loyal subjects, which is the daily 
prayer of, illustrious sir, your Grace's etc. 

Postscript : — My Lord, the contents of this humble letter 
I only imparted to my Captain, Sir Arthur Denny, of whom 
I first received assurance of secrecy, as not thinking it 
pardonable to divulge that whereof His Majesty may make 
a private use. 

Endorsed : — Captain Barrowe's. Keceived 19th December, 
1665. 

Sib Francis Hamilton to Sir George Lane. 

1665, December 15. — Signifying that the Duke of Ormond 
has granted to him that his son, Sir Charles Hamilton, shall 
have his troop, and his second son, Claude Hamilton, Sir 
Charles' foot company. 

John Morton to Ormond. 

1665 , December 20. Kilkenny. — I lately received commands 
from her Grace to send your Grace a survey of a house in 
Kilkenny, formerly belonging to one Mr. Eobert Shee, 
whereupon I most humbly presumed the boldness to send 
your Grace this with the enclosed paper, being a ground-plot 
of the house and all the garden ground that did formerly 
belong unto it, with three several estimates of charge for 
three ways of reparations the thing is capable of, humbly leaving 
it to your Grace's further consideration and pleasure therein. 
And what your Grace's further commands are, in that and all 
things else you be pleased to command your servant, shall 
be obeyed with all duty and diligence. 

May it please your Grace, the coach-house building your 
Grace ordered me to build, will be suddenly ready to put on 
the roof. I built all the walls with stone for better durance 



201 

and strength. It will be finished (God willing) in March next. 
All the works her Grace was pleased to order to be done in 
the Castle, are near finished, and the alcove likewise. 

May it please your Grace, at Dunmore the great stairs 
at the upper end of the hall are put up, but the carvings about 
them not yet finished, and the fretworks and wainscotings 
in her Grace's apartments are finished, and the masons have 
worked good part of the marble steps for the entrance into 
the house, and the frontispiece of pillars is ready to put up 
when the masons have paved the portico before the entrance, 
which is good part done, and the whole house is glazed, 
and the rooms plastered, and doors made and the rooms locked 
up to preserve the glass from breaking. 

I most humbly beg your Grace's pardon for my boldness, 
abruptness, and tediousness herein, most humbly assuring, 
your Grace I shall use all the diligence and care I am possibly 
able to expedite your Grace's business committed to my charge, 
and to give your Grace a just account of it. 

Endorsed: — Captain Morton's, with a draft of a house, 
formerly Kobert Shee's, and with a computation for the 
repair of it. 

John Fitz Gekald to Helen, Countess of Clancabty. 

1665, December 22. Dublin. — ^I being advertised that some 
person or persons informed your Honour that I have by some 
words in Parliament, and other places, reflected on the right 
honourable, your Ladyship's deceased lord and husband, 
as being the actor or inducer of inserting in the late passed 
bill the clause of investure of my poor estate in His Majesty. 
Madam, it is a truth generally known that I have been in the 
course of my life subject to false aspersions, calumnies and 
perjuries, and although I know that, in common justice or 
good conscience, I should not be condemned until I were heard, 
yet being rendered unable at present to give my personal 
attendance on your Ladyship to falsify that ungodly and false 
suggestion, I conceived it my duty to give your Honour such 
satisfaction by these of my being free from and guiltless of 
that calumnious imputation, as my conscience truly enables 
me to do. In the first place, that I did not as much as 
once mention his Lordship's name in Parliament, I appeal to 
the whole House of Commons, nor uttered word elsewhere, 
that may in the least tend to his Honour's disparagement, 
I take God to witness, and am sure no soul will have the 
impudence to aver the contrary in my presence. In the next, 
that in the presence of God, I do not know to this hour 
who did or contrived the same against me, which true and real 
protestation will, I hope, prove satisfactory unto your Honour. 
Humbly kissing your Ladyship's hands, I take leave. 

Endorsed: — John FitzGerald to my sister Clancarty. 



202 

Lord Mayo and othebs to Obmond. 

1665, December 22. Cahernemarte. — May it please your 
Grace : As soon as (in obedience to your Grace's command 
by a warrant directed to us, bearing date the second of 
December) we were arrived at Inver, we found the Dutch 
prisoners escaped from the wreck, many of them dead, and 
many daily sickening, partly from the cold they had taken 
in their coming wet to shore, and partly from inconveniencies 
they suffered, both in their lodging and diet, in that waste 
place, which moved us (as most conducible in our opinions 
to His Majesty's honour and service, and as the most likely 
means of preserving the men's lives, who, in probability, in 
a short time would all otherwise have perished) to resolve upon 
the speedy sending away as many of them as were in a condition 
to travel to Galway, and to make the best provision in that 
country for the rest, which resolution was executed, and 
the Dutchmen sent away before we received notice of your 
Grace's pleasure in committing the care of that business to 
Sir Oliver St. George, and the revocation of the power 
committed to us. 

Our most humble request to your Grace is that you would 
be pleased to order their reception at Galway, and that those 
entrusted by us with the conducting them thither may be 
discharged of them. We shall, by God's assistance, in a short 
time, present your Grace with as large an account of the 
wealth recovered and embezzled from that ship, as the 
examinations taken and result of the enquiries we have made 
during our employment in that business will enable us, which 
cannot be performed with such exactness as will be fit for your 
Grace's information until we come to our journey's end. 
We are your Grace's most humbly devoted servants. 

Mayo. 

Char. Holcroft. 

Browne. 

Lady Mary Cavendish to Sir George Lane. 

1665 [-6] , January 12. Hardwicke. — I am forced to give 
you this trouble by a promise I made of endeavouring to get 
the liberty of this man, whose name I have here sent you, to 
desire you that you would employ the interest you have with 
them that has the power of releasing him to do it. They 
have told me here the fault he is imprisoned for, which, if 
true, it is not very great ; but he is a quaker, and if you find he 
is guilty of any great fault, I would not have you speak for 
him. Pray let me know how my god-daughter does. I hope 
when I see her in Ireland she will be a beauty. 

Postscript : — ^Pray present my humble service to my Lady 
Lane. If you are not very kind to my god-daughter, I'll take 
it very ill. 

Endorsed: — ^Lady Cavendish. Received 9th February, 
1665 [-6]. 



203 

Duke of Albbmable to Sib Gboboe Lane. 

1665 [-6], January 19. ■ Cockpitt. — I have received your 
letter dated the 10th of this month, with the Act of Parliament 
and other papers you sent me, for which I return you hearty 
thanks. I am glad to hear that the Parliament in Ireland 
go on so well with their business. I am bound to you for 
many favours, and for your care of my business and assistance 
to my friends. I shall be glad to requite the same if I can 
do you any courtesy. I desire you to present my humble 
service to my Lord Lieutenant and his Lady, and to my 
Lord of Ossory and my Lord of Arran. I remain your -very 
affectionate friend and servant. 

Endorsed : — ^Duke of Albemarle. Received 9th February, 
1665 [-6]. 

Sib Coubtenay Pole to Sib Geobge Lane. 

1665 [-6], January 22. Shute. — Give me leave to be your 
remembrancer that Colonel Legg, about this time twelve month , 
whilst I was at the Parliament, did me once the favour 
to be my guide to your lodgings, and represented my case to 
you with my character. You were pleased to give me the 
honour of a fair reception, and a promise of your assistance. 
A sickness presently after fell upon me, and I hastened to 
change air, that I could not again wait upon you. But I 
understood, in a short time after that, I had the honour of 
receiving the great fruit of your kindness, that I was secured 
by a particular proviso, which gave me such a satisfaction as 
I did not trouble you with any of my scribbles. But now I 
am informed by my agent in Dublin, Mr. Perriam Pole, my 
kinsman, that many of your Parliament whose titles are but 
the same with mine, and all things compared much worse, 
have by themselves or their interests inclosed themselves near 
eighty by so many provisoes, so as to receive no disturbance. 
Sir, if a constant loyalty in all these times can be admitted 
argument for such a favour also, certainly I may be admitted. 
I have not been useless also to His Majesty that now is, as 
well as serviceable to his father of blessed memory. I do 
therefore importunately beg you to represent me to his Grace 
my Lord Lieutenant, that he would be pleased by your hand 
to receive a particular proviso for me, which may be added 
to the bill at the next passing, and that you would be pleased 
to present my most humble service to my Lord of Ossory, 
whom I had the honour to know in the beginning of this 
Parliament in London. I believe he will intercede for me. 
If I am too late, I am, as many other honest men are, 
unfortunate, but in all conditions I am, sir, your most humble 
servant. 

Duke of Albemable to Sib Geobge Lane. 

16j65 [-6], January 23. Cockpitt. — ^There being one, 
William Woodriffe, cook of the Rapahannick, merchant, which 
was taken by the Dutch, and is now prisoner in Flushing, 



204 

whom the Admiralty Court there have consented to release 
in exchange for one Albert Albertson, prisoner in Gal way, 
in Ireland, which his Eoyal Highness has consented to, I desire 
you will please to move my Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, that 
he may be exchanged in release accordingly. There being 
also one, Captain Jean Gillason, a prisoner in Ireland, who 
is a considerable person, and that well knows your coasts. 
His Eoyal Highness desires that particular care be taken he 
may not be released. He was taken by the Unitie, near 
Guernsey, in a Flushing Caper. 

Sir Stephen Fox to Sir George Lane. 

1665 [-6], January 27. Whitehall.— Ever honoured Sir: 
I have received yours of the 10th with the print, for which, 
and your many obliging expressions, I do most heartily thank 
you. I have got again under my own roof at Chiswick 
my whole family, where I hope by God's mercy we shall be in 
safety, and that with the great abatement of the last bill, 
with the probability of the same this week, His Majesty will 
be in safety at Hampton Court, whither he intends this night, 
and that instead of going back to Oxford, it will be counselable 
for him to come to this place, which I assure you wants his 
Eoyal presence in all respects. I shall never enough lament 
the loss of our most worthy Bishop and excellent friend. 
His widow is retired to her poor house at Stratford, from whence 
I hastened my children to make way for her retreat. Indeed 
she is the most disconsolable person that I have almost heard 
of. I pray God comfort her and us. I am sure your excellent 
Lady equals our grief, for his friendship towards her was most 
tender to my knowledge. I pray with my humble respects 
join that of my wife's to you both, and Steenie bids me make 
you a French compliment from him. 

Sir, as to the business of your letter, I herewith send you 
an account for his Grace, which will best state that matter, 
and give you a clear light to what you desire concerning his 
allowances as Lord Steward. And, as yet, I have little 
expectation to receive anything from his pension as Gentleman 
of the Bedchamber. The truth is, since your going hence, 
it hath not been a time for it. I did never speak to my Lord 
Treasurer of it but he seems willing to oblige his Grace ; 
but, withal, finds himself unable, and since the King's 
restoration his Lordship was never more embarassed than at 
present, for money is not got without the greatest difficulty 
imaginable. I will, as occasion serves, mind my Lord Treasurer 
of it, and whensoever I can find a fit opportunity I w^ill press 
with all my strength for it, for I earnestly wish it were in my 
power to do his Grace some service herein, but I find it is 
almost alike with the rest of the Gentlemen of the Bedchamber. 

The Kettle Drums have no allowance upon the Establishment 
but barely their pay, nor hath any one of them ever had a 
penny towards their equipage that I know of, save only 



205 

Mr. O'Neiirs Kettle Drum, who with great importunity got 
His Majesty to give order to my Lord General to order him 
wherewithal to buy a horse, saddle, and drum, which my Lord 
General did by great importunity, as unwillingly as ever I saw 
him do anything in my life, and that but once, which is the 
only time anything hath been paid by me upon that account. 
I do thank you for your intention of assisting my brother, 
when it lies in your way, which I hope it will do shortly. 
I am sure you will if you can, and therefore I am obliged to 
be thankful. By your hand I shall pass to him 20/ per annum, 
if you will oblige me therein, and charge me with it here, which 
I will punctually repay, the 101 in your hand for Christmas 
last, and the next will be due at midsummer next. 

Postscript: — I beg your kindness for Mr. Darcy, whose 
whole dependency almost is from the issue of the last Act 
of Settlement. I pray when you shall favour me with your 
next letter, a word of your opinion thereof. I am hastening 
towards Hampton Court to attend the King's coming thither. 

William Bolton to Sir George Lane. 

1665 [-6], February 2. Barbadoes (by the Castle Gate). — 
Honourable Sir: Beading over your letters, and two or*three 
from his Grace, of several dates in the year '63, made me fall 
into some wonder to see myself and services in that plotting 
time so accepted, and now in a condition most lamentable 
of any in the King's dominions that I can know of. His 
Majesty's gracious speech at the opening of Parliament in '61, 
with his pious and princely regard in that case of Christian 
of the Isle of Man, of the 5th of August, '63, makes it appear 
to me that Ireland and the Isle of Man will appropriate to 
themselves only the violation of that pious and prudent Act 
of Indemnity and Oblivion, but I fear, sir, I may run too far 
on this general strain before I come to tell you why I am 
thus bold to give you the trouble of this letter, which I pray 
you pardon. 

I was by his Grace, my Lord Lieutenant's order of the 
4th of November, summoned to answer the objections Captain 
Eich. Poer, the Governor of Waterford, had against me, but 
I hear of none to this day, save that on the 1st of December 
at night, I was by my Lord Mayor's warrant, attacked for 
murder, as is said, and hurried to his house, and amongst a 
pack of whores examined and remanded to my lodgings in 
the constable's custody, since which time I have endured 
imprisonment, obloquy, travel, expense, and great damage, 
disgrace, terror, and pains (doubtless far above killing), and 
which is worst of all, cannot get to his Grace to be heard, 
who though he will not use me as I am sure I should be 
if the King were here, yet I will obey him according to the 
duty I owe His Majesty's Lieutenant. I humbly pray you 
will, worthy sir, remember once his Grace gave order when 
I had business I should be brought to him. What is the 



206 

cause now, my life and fortunes, the support of my unfortunate 
wife and children is at stake and almost rooted up, and I 
cannot get to make my condition known to the King (I mean 
in the person of his Lieutenant) ? When I cease to employ 
the faculties of my soul and body to be serviceable in my sphere 
to God, King, Church, laws, and commonweal, let me be 
abandoned by all lovers of merit and virtue. Pray, sir, excuse 
my importunity, I have had a dismal Christmas, God grant 
me a better Easter. And I pray God bless his Grace and 
increase his honour, which will be illustrated much in 
descending to regard the stranger and friendless, of which 
number I reckon myself. 

Edward Geoghbgan to Sir George Lane. 

1665 [-6] , February 6. Bunowen. — There happened here 
an accident that may be worth the relation, and probably you 
may not be so rightly or really informed by the actors. 
Therefore I conceived my duty to aiford your Honour a serious 
information of the same, to the best of my knowledge. The 
last of January, there was forced by a storm a ship about 
two hundred and fifty tons, span new, with twenty-five pieces 
of ordnance, manned with thirty men, within four miles of 
BoflSn by water, and six mile by land from this town. She 
was taken by Ancient Monke. They did not discharge a shot 
in their own defence. She is laden with above hundred 
chests, containing broad-cloth and holland, as they say, forty 
tons of beer, with good store of arms. The men are Dutchmen , 
except one of them, that owns himself a Spaniard or Italian, 
who convenanted with Ancient Monke for five months' means, 
and all his own goods. He will make her a lawful prize. 
He doth further assert that they burned the State of Holland's 
pass. This very ship cost ten thousand pounds the building, 
besides her tacklings and other accommodations befitting her. 
It is thought she is worth betwixt four or five thousand pounds 
in all, at least. I have this relation from those that were 
actors in taking her. I would wish I were qualified enough 
to serve His Majesty and his Grace, wherein my endeavours 
should not be wanting. I shall conclude, leaving you and 
all yours to the tuition of the high and great Tutor, whose 
feeble servants we are all. 

Postscript : — The ship was taken the 4th of February. 

DxjEB OF Albemarle to Ormond. 

1665 [-6], February 6. Cockpitt.— This bearer, Mr. Lock, 
one of my secretaries, having some urgent occasions to go 
into Ireland, I have given him licence in that behalf. And 
considering the long experience I have had of his fidelity and 
good affection to His Majesty's service, with his abilities, 
diligence and trustiness in all business wherein I have 
employed him, I have thought fit (upon this occasion) to give 
him this just character to your Grace, that he is an honest, 
faithful, diligent and deserving person, and (as such) I make 



207 

bold to recommend him to your Grace for your favour and 
countenance to him, assuring your Grace that it will be well 
placed upon him. He intends to come back to me as soon 
as he shall despatch his business in Ireland. I crave your 
Grace's patronage to him there, which shall be owned and 
acknowledged by me, for I have a great desire to do him good, 
and he well deserves it, but his interest and concerns being 
in that kingdom, I make bold to be an humble suitor to your 
Grace on his behalf. 

Mr. Justice Stockton to Sir George Lane. 

1665 [6], February 10. — Since I intimated to you our 
intentions to keep the assizes this circuit at Drumahaire, I am 
informed by the Clerk of the Assizes and others, that the place 
at present wanteth a sessions house and other conveniences 
for reception of the country, who are to attend there, and 
that it being now winter, provision for horses will not be 
provided, ^and that the gaol being at Jamestown, it will be a 
great trouble this time of the year to convey prisoners so far. 
Upon which considerations, my brother and I have appointed 
Jamestown for that work the coming assizes. However I 
do assure you that when I come to Jamestown , I shall declare 
to the country that they must expect the following assizes 
for that county to be kept at Drumahaire, so that if there 
be an alteration, it shall not be unexpected to the country, 
which they may not so much regret at, as they now would, 
if it should come upon them unexpected. 

Endorsed: — Mr. Justice Stockton. 

Mr. Justice Alexander to Sir George Lane. 

1665 [-6], February 11. MuUingar. — ^The enclosed came 
so late to my hands, being upon my journey hitherward, 
that till now I had not time to make return thereof. I shall 
no further enlarge or aggravate his fault, although I must 
tell you he sent to bribe me with three cows before his trial, 
which no man ever before durst so much as to attempt, being 
a thing which I of all things do abominate and detest ; besides 
if he had not been taken when he was, he was instantly to 
have left the County of Meath, and was going into Wicklow, 
as I was credibly informed. As I have now ended two stays, 
Meath and Westmeath, for the first Sir Theophilus Jones will 
give his Grace an account of the proceedings, for Westmeath 
I have ended the business also ; two condemned to be executed, 
two branded, which are all done here. I am now going 
to Longford, carrying six from Eastmeath to be tried there, 
besides what I shall find in the place. I hope by the time 
of my return to give a good account of all or the most of 
those robbers that are in the gaols. 

Endorsed : — Sir Jerom Alexander 



208 

Daeby Bbillaghan to Ormond. 

1665 [-6] , February 16. Coleraine.— Yours of the 10th 
instant [I] have received, and as for any vessel belonging to 
the subjects of the French King, there are none at present 
in this port, creek or members thereunto belonging. But if 
it happens that if any such shall arrive hereafter in this His 
Majesty's port, etc., that your Grace's special commands and 
directions shall be exactly observed and performed in every 
particular, and account given from time to time as occasion 
shall offer. 

Endorsed: — Mr. Darby Brillaghan, Customer of Dundalk. 

Samuel Nobman to Ormond. 

1665 [-6], February 16. Londonderry. — In obedience 
your Grace's letter of the 10th present, I have made stay of 
the vessel called the St. Martin, of Aloonedebargis, burden 
forty tons, Louis Terry, master. The said vessel belongs 
to the subjects of the King of France. Several merchants 
of this city freighted the said vessel to Cadiz, and loaded her 
with butter for the most part, and some salmon. Here is 
not any other ship or vessel within this port (or any of the 
creeks or members thereunto belonging) that belongs to the 
subjects of the King of France. A diligent observation of 
your Grace's directions shall be performed to the utmost power 
of your Grace's most humble servant. 

Endorsed: — Mr. Norman, Customer of Londonderry. 

Edward Gboghegan to Sir George Lane. 

1665 [-6] , February 18. Bunowen. — Since my last letter 
unto you, I am better informed of the substance of the vessel 
that was surprised here, and to that purpose I shall offer to 
give your Honour as real account as I am assured of from 
those that were in conference with those that were embarked 
in her from Amsterdam. She is laden with spice, cloth, holland, 
silk, stockings, and worsted, bars of steel. Therefore persons 
of quality, integrity, and honesty might [be] sent there to 
prevent further embezzling, or to fetch her to the bar of Dublin, 
and that timely. 

Dublin. Post paid 4rf. 

William Milner to Sir George Lane. 

1665 [-6] , February 23. Galway. — These are to acquaint 
you that in pursuance of orders received from his Excellency, 
my Lord Duke of Ormond's Grace, one of us went to the 
Isles of Arran to stop a French ship that is there, but the 
oJBBcer that commands in chief there (having before made stay 
of her) would not deliver up possession, although that the French 
master was willing to have her brought into this port, in regard 
that she lies in much danger of losing, if a storm should arise. 



209 

The name of the ship is the Gift of God, burden sixty tons, 
belonging to Someflewer, in the river of Seine, in Normandy, 
James Deuze, master, from the bank of Newfoundland, most 
part laden with Cod-fish ; the said master is owner of the 
one half of the ship, and Esteme Brabell and Sur la Signe, of 
Someflewer aforesaid, of the other half part. 

Endorsed: — Mr. Wm. Millner, Collector at Gall way. 

Henry Sankey to Ormond. 

1665 [-6], February 24. Longford. — ^I have this day 
received a number of proclamations for putting in execution the 
law against profane swearing and cursing. In obedience 
thereunto, I have sent them to be publicly proclaimed and fixed 
up in all the market towns, and other convenient places, 
within my bailiwick. 

Endorsed: — Sheriff of Longford. Hen. Sankey. 

Sir Eichard Clifton to Ormond. 

1665 [-6] , March 12. Wexford. — I know not better how 
to inform your Excellency of a quaker's misfortune, within 
six miles of this place, than by the enclosed, which came to 
me about nine of the clock this morning. In case it should 
proceed to a greater height, the Castle of Enniscorthy may be 
possessed at pleasure ; the walls of this garrison are in three 
places defective, which I humbly conceive would, at the least 
motion from your Grace, be repaired by the town and county, 
who I find in their expressions very ready and willing to attend 
your Excellency's commands, and some possibly there are 
that may be trusted when your Grace find occasion, at least 
such that have not as yet bowed their knees to Baal. I humbly 
take boldness still to continue your Grace's humble supplicant 
for the repair of some part of the Castle of this town, without 
which we cannot keep ourselves, our arms or ammunition dry. 
It may be mended for thirty-five pounds or thereabouts. Had 
I but half-a-score carbines upon such occasion as this, I should 
mount some of our foot, if your Lordship think fit. However, 
I shall lay it and all my concerns at your Grace's feet. 

Thomas Holme to Sir Richard Clifton. 

1665 [-6], March 12. Bregurteen. — The last night, about 
8 o'clock. Major Bobert Cuppage was robbed of even all he 
had within his house. He being at supper, there came into 
his house about six lusty young men, and with pistols and 
their swords drawn, calling him dog, rogue, and bad words, 
demanded his moneys, and presently they fell to robbing, 
and in short they took away his moneys, plate, linen, woollen, 
ripped open some of the bolsters and bedding, and let the 
feathers about the room, broke up the chests and trunks, etc., 
Wt. 8878 N 



210 

and so in about an hour's time they made an endand went away. 
It seems they were about thirty horse, and they said themselves 
at their first coming into the house that they were 
discontented gentlemen. They spake Irish- one to another, 
and would eat no flesh, but did eat bread and cheese. It was 
the Mayor's desire that this should be made known to thee, 
and also represented to the Duke and council, that so they may 
see in what danger Englishmen in the country are in, and 
how easy they may in ordinary houses be stripped of all. 
It seems that of late there have beei; several English in the 
County of Cork robbed and fired. I suppose Major Cuppage 
hath lost to the value of near 300Z. 

Postscript : — ^It may do well to acquaint the Judge of this. 

Endorsed : — From Thomas Holme to Sir Eichard Clifton. 
This came enclosed in a letter of the 12th of March, 1665 [-6] , 
from Sir Eichard Clifton to the Lord Lieutenant. 

Matthew Markbs to Sir George St. George. 

1665 [-6] , March 14. Abbey leix. — The eminent discontents 
lately vented by the Irish in these parts, with the impression 
it hath wrought upon the English, to the distraction of the 
country, hath put me upon endeavours to find the bottom 
thereof, and by the depositions of credible witnesses (which 
suddenly I expect to lay before his Grace) and a number of 
pregnant circumstances, nothing seems more apparent than a 
fresh rebellion to be in design, and attempted upon Friday 
or Saturday night next, and in discharge of my duty to God, 
my King, his Grace, his substitute, and the country, let me 
importune you to represent the contents hereof, though but 
as it were in minutes and abruptly hinted, that all imaginable 
caution (which never hurts) in the place where he is, may be 
used, and the security of the country aimed at, as to his Grace 
may seem meet, which, with what the bearer may impart, 
is all at present. 

Duke of Albemarle to Sir George Lane. 

1665 [-6] , March 16. Cockpitt. — The deputed councillors 
for the Admiralty of Zeeland having lately released seventeen 
English mariners, prisoners in that province, without paying 
any charges, on condition that the like number of prisoners 
belonging to that province be forthwith set at liberty without 
paying any charges in exchange for them, to the end therefore 
that the number on our part to be released may have their 
liberty, I desire you will move his Grace, my Lord Lieutenant 
of Ireland, to give command that Stephen Petit, prisoner in 
Kinsale, and Jacob Andriesse, prisoner in .... in 
Ireland, be set at liberty without paying any fees or charges, 
pursuant to an order of His Majesty in Council, and that a 
note to be taken under their hands, that they are released 
w'ithout charge. I desire also that you will move his Grace 
for his pass for their transportation beyond sea, in order to 
their said exchange, which is all at present. 



211 

Postscript : — I desire likewise you will move his Grace that 
Hendrick JaDse Bronwer and Abraham Hey, two Dutch 
prisoner*' in Galloway, be set at liberty, free of charges, as 
the other two above. 

V 

Sm EicHARD Clifton to Sm Gborgb Lane. 

1665 [-6] , March 20. Wexford. — I heartily wish his Grace 
good health and long life. His Lordship's enclosed by you 
to the Mayor, I have closed and delivered, and shall take the 
best care possibly I may to apprehend any that rob or otherwise 
disturb His Majesty's peace, and upon all occasions render 
account. Those thirty horsemen that robbed Major Ciippage, 
were gone by eight o'clock at night, I heard not of [them] 
until nine the next morning, by which time they were out 
of my reach, and have not since heard of the least disturbance. 
I pray favour me in moving his Grace for ten ammunition 
saddles and furniture, if they may be had, to be delivered with 
the ten carbines. 

George Browne to John Browne. 

1665 [-6], March 21. — Honoured Father: In order to your 
commands I went to take a view of his Grace's estate in the 
Owles,* as well to encourage the tenants, as also to send you 
an account of the woods and bloomery, the last being in good 
condition other than a leak that springs under the hammer 
throw. I send you here enclosed a note of the particulars 
that belong to it. As for the woods I took pains to view, 
they are only good for coal, there being no timber left fit 
for any other use. The tenants are for the most part Ulstermen , 
and those always uncertain, especially rent being raised to 
such height that as the case stands (money being scarce) they 
can hardly live by their farm. Those of Achill are not able 
to take all that land, and their stock, as I am credibly 
informed, is hardly worth this present half-year's rent. Major 
Dogherty (who was a considerable tenant) hath thoughts to 
leave the country. I engage as many as I can to plant what 
they waste. I pray do not fail on any account to come and 
take a course with your charge ; it were a discredit to you that 
his Grace's rent should be lessened during your time. Now is 
the season to agree with colliers and raisers of mine. There 
is hardly so much left of last year's provision as will keep the 
work going one fortnight, and whether that belongs to his 
Grace or last year's tenant, be pleased to inform yourself. 
Sir Arthur Gore bought s^ boat which draws the mine; you 
ought to find whether it is charged on my Lord Duke's account. 
If not, another must be provided. You write of hopes that 
his Grace would have those lands of my Lord Ikerrin's, which 
made me encourage the tenants. The land is so intermixed 

* Burriflhoole. 



212 

amongst his Grace's, that it will be most inconvenient to be 
without it. I have no more to say, but humbly crave your 
blessings and conclude, honoured father, your obedient son, 

Geo. Browne. 

Endorsed : — Mr. George Browne to his father. Burrishoole 
and Iron Works. 

Peter Goodwin to Ormond. 

1665 [-6], March 24. Kilkenny. — In obedience to your 
Grace's commands to me, directed by letter bearing date the 
3rd of March, 1665, concerning the receipt and providing 
lodgings for a certain number of Dutch prisoners brought from 
Gal way to this city, I humbly certify unto your Grace that 
yesterday there were brought to this city thirty-three Dutch 
prisoners, all being private persons, for whom I have agreed 
for their lodgings and other accommodations in two of the best 
inns in this city, viz. , twenty at Mr. Hugh Farr's, and the other 
thirteen remaining at Mr. John WhitteU's, at the rate of five 
pence apiece per diem, and have also, pursuant to your Grace's 
commands, communicated your Grace's directions to Colonel 
Cecil, with whose assistance I have taken engagement from all 
the said prisoners, one for the other, that they shall continue 
true prisoners until they shall be released. My diligence 
shall not be wanting, not only in preventing any of their 
escapes, but also in duly observing all other your Grace's 
commands. 

Charles Alcockb to Ormond. 

1665 [-6], March 24. Clonmel. — Pursuant to your 
Lordship's letter, dated the 3rd of March instant, I have 
received thirty and three Dutch prisoners, who were sent from 
Galway unto this town of Clonmel, and have taken care 
and hired convenient lodgings for them. The particular 
of the said prisoners names, and of the agreements I have 
made for their lodgings by the week, and with what particular 
persons within this town, your Grace will hereinclosed receive. 
But the thirty pounds mentioned in your Lordship's letter, or 
any other sum towards their relief, I have not as yet received. 
However, I have engaged for their lodgings and other provisions 
for them until I shall receive, by your Grace's order, money 
to pay for the same, which when received shall be distributed 
amongst them according to your Lordship's direction. Also 
I have taken all their engagements one for another, that they 
shall continue true prisoners until they shall be by your Grace's 
order released. And furthermore, I have communicated 
your Lordship's said letter unto Sir Francis Fowlke, who hath 
been very ready to assist me therein, according to your Grace's 
directions. 



213 

James Kearney to Ormond. 

1666, March 28. — ^I send hereinclosed the information 
against the Tory Dullany and his own examination. The 
informant is bound over to prosecute. Captain Furlong 
is returned to Lismalyn, according my first letter, and hath 
a stranger in his company. I cannot find what stay he intends 
to make, and having received no directions in Sir George Lane's 
letter of the 24th what to do with him, I durst not hitherto 
attempt to get him taken by any warrant, lest it may not 
suit with your Grace's pleasure, for when I heard your Grace 
enquire for him^ I did not apprehend whether you intended 
to employ him against the Tories or secure him as a 
malefactor. Whatever your Grace resolves concerning him, 
I hope your commands shall overtake him and his comrade at 
Lismalyn 

The three fellows mentioned in my last letter, upon w^iom 
Lieutenant Cleare and I relied for the service, are so slow in 
answering our expectations (though they pretend to be busy 
about it) that in case they do not suddenly perform something 
of advantage to the country I intend to advise Cleare to 
retract his engagement of procuring their pardon, whereby 
he and others may be at liberty to set upon themselves. For 
I humbly conceive that the reducing of one or two of these 
ringleaders to your Grace's mercy shall exact more effectual 
discoveries from them than what the rogues would willingly do 
when they have an engagement for their pardon ; and Lieutenant 
Cleare is pretty confident (once he is at liberty) that wherever 
they lurk in the county, he shall have them. The Justices 
of the Peace have issued warrants for settling a watch in every 
parish in the county, which the constables are now executing. 
The punishment of the harbourers shieill hereafter rid the 
country from this infection, and the people are so frightened, 
by their apprehensions of being burned in their houses, that 
few or none have the public spirit to give public evidence 
against them. Therefore I humbly propose tnat your Grace 
will be pleased (before my Lord of Arran comes away) to advise 
him, where he finds private effectual evidence given by persons 
of credit, that his Lordship will continue the persons criminated 
thereby in gaol till it be tried (when the storm is over) whether 
more clear proof can be found, for the restraint of such shall 
deter others from the like transgressions. I hope to have 
several of the suspected harbourers taken before the assizes, 
for I have private warrants against them. I hear no kind 
of robbery committed in the country, since the people were 
taken up by the Deputy Provost Marshal of Leinstel-. 

Mayor and Sheriffs of Droqheda to Ormond. 

1666, March 28. Drogheda. — May it please your Excellency : 
We received your Honour's proclamations, bearing date the 
24th of March, 1665, concerning the preventing of the 



214 

plundering of any ships or other vessels seized on as prizes, and 
shall cause the same to be proclaimed and fixed up in all the 
public places in our county. No more at present, but that 
we ever remain, your Honour's most obedient servants, 

Josh. Whorley , Mayor of Drogheda. 

Thomas Barbington to Ormond. 

1666, March 30. Wexford. — In obedience to your Grace's 
letter bearing date the 17th of this instant, after several 
meetings had with this Corporation, we came to this issue, 
and it is resolved that certain persons by us nominated do 
forthwith raise money towards the repair of the town walls 
that are deficient, and persons are appointed to carry on the 
work with all the celerity may be ; and the poor impoverished 
Corporation requested me to acquaint your Grace with their 
daily decays, occasioned as well by the failing of the fishing 
as by the usual perquisites and burgess plots or tenures exacted 
and taken from them. The Admiralty, being the chief est 
branch or support of the Corporation, being allowed in their 
ancient charter, is kept from them, and most of the town 
lands and liberties are encroached upon by Captain William 
Ivory, as soldiers' arrears purchased by him ; out of the incomes 
of this town (now thereby left very inconsiderable) the walls, 
as the ancient inhabitants allege, were constantly repaired 
when defective. 

We humbly beg your Grace's favour or auspicious hands to 
support our poor impaired condition, whereby we may be 
capacitated to serve His Majesty, and further it is our humble 
request that those persons who are Lords of the houses in 
this town, and non-residents, may be by your Grace caused 
to contribute, out of their rents reserved, a proportion towards 
the re-edifying ol the said walls, being best able so to do; 
all which , at the request of the Corporation , I take the boldness , 
in all humility, to prostrate to your Grace's consideration, and 
crave your pardon. 

James Kearney to Ormond. 

1666, March 31. — I have, on the 29th, sent an express with 
your Grace's letter of the 27th to Sheriff Sadler, and the same 
day did carry the other myself to Lieutenant Cleare, who 
promised as much as I can reasonably expect, and seems to 
be very real in it. The three fellows who have engaged to 
perform the service, do but juggle in the matter. They protest 
to Cleare, they are still labouring to bring the rest of their 
confederates together, but I find (another way) they never 
intend it, but to make use of the promise of pardon given them, 
in case they were surprised by any other, until they know 
your Grace's answer to an address they made by Walter Butler 



215 

(the elder brother to this arch-tory Lawrence Butler), whom 
they employed to Dublin about six days ago ; for their .whole 
design is to try if they could procure a pardon without 
discovering their harbourers or bringing in the rest, w-hich I 
am confident your Grace will never grant. At the first 
meeting they were very forward and seemingly real to perform 
w^hat was desired of them, but afterwards (when they advised 
with some of their friends) they did decline. This Walter 
Butler hath a very great stroke in their council, and may do 
much on this occasion, if disposed. This consideration caused 
me on Thursday to send several ways to see where Lieutenant 
Cleare or I may meet them, and in case we see that they will 
not prosecute the matter with greater vigour and reality, we 
intend to withdraw the promise of pardon, and leave them 
to their other shifts, and Lieutenant Cleare is very hopeful 
afterwards to surprise them 

I long to receive some directions about Furlong, for he is 
much mistrusted in these parts (though he may be honest for 
anything I know). Divers of the harbourers against whom 
I got warrants issued (being sensible of their own guilt) have 
outrun the constables, and some shun their houses, leaving 
word they are jgone about their lawful affairs elsewhere. 
1 presume your Grace did or will give directions to my Lord 
of Arran what to do in such cases. I find that the rogues are 
growing numerous about Beallaghmore, in Ossory, where John 
l^wyggyn's son (by name James) doth guide them ; there are 
two or three dangerous fellows from the County of Cork 
among them. I presume your Grace takes a course to reduce 
them that way, wherein I believe Colonel Richard Grace and 
Captain Oxbery may be instrumental. If your Grace will be 
pleased to give me any further charge in this affair, I humbly 
desire that Sir George will be pleased to direct it to Clonmel. 

Ultimo Marciiy 1666. 

Lord le Poer and Curraghmore to Ormond. 

1666, April 3. Curraghmore. — At my coming into the 
country I made it my business strictly to enquire if any 
disturbance were put on the inhabitants of this country by 
Tories, as I heard reported in Dublin, and can find none, 
or hear of any such persons to have been in any part of this 
country these six weeks, which I thought my duty to assure 
your Grace of, and also of the condition Dungarvan is in for 
want of a garrison which may be a means to preserve that 
side of the country and itself from the danger it lies under 
since Major Dennis and his company were removed thence. 
My Lord, the country are much troubled that they see not 
the bridge of Carrick begun with yet, and do fear the 
constables that have collected their money may run away 
or break before anything be done as to the building of it. 
This, my Lord, they say happened twice before. I beseech 
your Grace it may be now prevented, which with your Grace's 
pardon for this presumption, I conclude. 



216 

Thomas Bedborough to Sm George Lane. 

1666, April 4. Kilkenny. — I received hia Grace, my Lord 
Duke's order by the last post, and in obedience thereto, I 
went out last Sunday night, immediately after the receipt 
thereof, with a party of horse to take Captain Furlong and 
his companion at Lismalin, but they were gone from tnence 
the day before, as I was informed by one, Lieutenant Minchen, 
an honest gentleman, that lives hard by it. Notwithstanding, 
1 searched the town, and finding none there, I ranged the 
country about it, though to no effect hitherto, but the said 
Mr. Minchen, who knows the person, has engaged to me 
to give me speedy notice of him upon his next coming to 
Lismalin or thereabouts, and I question not but in a short time 
I shall be able to answer my Lord's commands effectually. 
In the meantime, I have ordered it so that my business can 
be little suspected in those parts or the person, I having had 
a perfect account of him from Mr. Minchen only. 

Postscript : — ^The Tories, that are out in the Queen's county, 
have sent to me to endeavour to get them liberty to be 
transported beyond seas. I pray acquaint his Grace 
my Lord Duke of it, and I humbly desire to know his 
pleasure in it. I do believe if I had leave to treat 
with one of them, I should soon trepan all the rest, and here 
is a Tory in prison, that was taken by the last party save 
one that turned out, who, I believe, might I have the liberty 
to take him abroad as I found occasion , might be serviceable to 
to find out many others. 

Endorsed : — Quarter-Master Bedborough. 

Mayor and Sheriffs of Droghbda to Ormond. 

1666, April 8. Drogheda. — May it please your Grace: 
We received the proclamation this day, bearing date the 26th 
day of March, 1666, concerning the period of time for innocent 
Papists to take out their decrees, and shall cause the same 
to be proclaimed and publicly fixed up in all the usual places 
within our county. All which we thought good to signify 
unto your Grace, and ever remain, your Grace's most humble 
servants. 

Josh. Whorley, Mayor. 



Edward Bythell,lgv.^ 
JohnKiUogh, ;»'^®"ff8- 



Sir Stephen Fox to Sir George Lane. 

1666, April 14. Whitehall. — I am now by this single letter 
to acknowledge the receipt of two of yours, viz. , of the 27th of 
January, and 28th of March last. The first I did not sooner 
reply to, because it was only an answer to one of mine, and 
the business new therein was only to pay 61 to Mr. Halsall, 
who did not call for it in a long time after my receiving your 



217 

letter. I am to add my thanks for your good intentions towards 
my poor brother, who I again recommend to you, and have 
advised him never to come to Dublin till you send for him, 
nor have I either wTitten or spoken to any other person 
concerning him, wholly relying on your friendship and 
kindness, who I know not only to be sufficiently able, but 
abundantly willing. 

T am glad his Grace is satisfied with my account. I have 
delivered up the bond of 800/, and the receipt for 300/, to 
Mr Buck, and shall pay the balance, being 23/, when it is 
called for, and always serve his Grace with the best skill 
I can in anything in my power. I should gladly know 
whether there be any life in Mr. Darcy*s business, who doth 
very much depend upon it , and is comforted by your expressions 
of kindness towards him. I am very much troubled for my 
Lady Lane's indisposition and yours. I pray God send you 
both well. My wife desires to be kindly remembered to her 
Ladyship and yourself, and Miss Charlotte. All mine are in 
good health, God be thanked, and Steeny speaks a French 
compliment for them all. I have the honour sometimes to 
see Mr. James Tiane, who indeed is a fine cavalier, and 
yesterday he was in our seat to hear the Dean of Westminster 
preach his Good Friday sermon , wherein he exceeded. Sir John 
Denham, that great master of wit and reason, is fallen quite 
mad, and he who despised religion, now in his distraction raves 
of nothing else. I pray God divert his judgments from us 
and send us health, which T wish you. 

John, Lord Bbrkblby to Ormond. 

1666, April 14. Whitehall. — May it please your Grace : 
My Lord Kingston hath acquainted me with some occasions 
he hath of being absent from Connaught some times, and 
hath desired me to recommend Mr. Thomas Caulfeild to be 
Vice-President in his Lordship's absence. I have received 
a very good character of him, who I presume is better known 
to your Grace than to me, and that your Grace will be thereby 
the more willing to admit of my most humble recommendation 
of him to your Grace, which I shall receive as a very singular 
favour from your Grace, and ever remain, may it please your 
Grace, your Grace's most humble and most obedient servant. 

John Allin to John Welch. 

1666, April 27. — Have patience to read. — Mr. Walsh, I am 
informed that Major Bayly doth make his brags that the Earl 
of Arran will set the Isles of Aran unto him. It is not my 
thoughts that he will so far forget himself as to do it, but 
being so that it is so generally reported, maketh me to trouble 
you with these few lines, desiring you to know whether there 
be any such thing, and to give you a copy of what the Earl 
hath given me under his hand and seal, which is here enclosed, 
and besides that T paid him 300/ towards the growing rents. 



'216 

It cannot sink in my head that he intends any such thing, 
seeing the Earl doth know what great injuries the said Bayly 
hath done me contrary to the Lord Duke's orders and his 
Lordship's, he hath by what moneys he had of me and 
provisions for his men, and damages in my stocks, charges 
and loss of my time to the value of 500/. I do think that you 
might as lawfully have done the same as well as he. I have 
cleared the interest of the place, at a trial before the Court of 
Claims, from the '49 trustees, which they did so much stickle 
for, and from all other that have any pretence thereunto. My 
commissioners did sit to discharge the trust reposed in them 
by the examining of my witnesses, which they faithfully did. 
The commission was sealed up and sent to his Grace on 
Tuesday last. I doubt not but it will come to your sight, 
if so you will find as black actions that ever you have had 
knowledge of since His Majesty's restoration, but if I had 
time I could have had twenty more at least, if there had 
been any occasion for them, which I should have thought 
would have been enough to have barred him from making 
[claim] for that which is another man's right. But that is 
not all. He hath disobeyed the Lord Duke's order, dated 
the Ist March last, in doing and causing to be done many 
injuries to me and my tenants, which by the same order he 
was required that he should forbear to do any injury to me 
or my tenants ; he sent men from Galway to drive all the 
cattle in the island for the most part, and they did gather 
very many, and in such a place that many of them were 
forced into the sea, damnifying them much, and forced them 
into the rocks, so that some of them broke their legs. After 
his cruel dealing with me in not suffering me to send out any 
cattle to sell, so many were starved and died for want of 
grass. My troubles and losses have been so great and many 
by him, so that if I should lay them dow^n, you could not 
have the patience to read them, but do desire you to consider 
of them, and have pity and speak something in my behalf, 
according as you shall find cause and opportunity. 

Most of the people of the place do much the worse since 
his coming to it, and disabled to pay their rent besides myself. 
Major Bayly came to the place at the time appointed, with 
one of his commissioners with him, which did join with 
mine in the examination of some witnesses, and by cross 
interrogatories, and finding the matter so much against him, 
that they made a tale that the other was not there, and so 
went away. Naught else, but to remain your loving friend. 

Postscript: — If I may crave a few lines from you, let them 
be directed to be left in the Post Office in Galway. 

Addressed: — For his much esteemed friend Mr. Walsh, 
Counsellor unto his Grace, the Lord Duke of Ormond, at the 
Castle in Dublin , these deliver. 



219 

Sir Matthew Afpleyabd to Ormond. 

1666, April 28. Charlemont. — These parts have been very 
quiet until on Sunday night last one, Zachary Burney, an 
Englishman, in the parish of Clogher and County of Tyrone, 
was robbed ; eight pounds and his clothes, wife's and children's, 
with what linen and woollen, bedding, pewter and brass, they 
carried away. Five men broke open the door and came in, 
and eight more stood at the door. All had swords and pistols. 
There is one, Keill McTurlogh McShane Oge O'Neill (who 
killed a man at the fair of Eenard [Caledon] the last year), 
his father came to Mr. Golborne and told him he was sorry 
his son took such ill courses (which he could not help), but 
said his son was penitent, and would, if he might have a 
protection for six weeks, and a pardon when the service were 
done, cause them all to be taken, and I shall humbly 
beg (with all submission) your Grace's leave to say that I think 
that way (or a sum of money to one to do it) must be the way. 
Their relations, harbourers, and favourers are so numerous 
in this county, that it will be impossible to do it otherwise, 
which I humbly submit to your Grace's pleasure. 

Miles O'Kbilly to Okmond. 

1666, April 29. Brussels. — The undeserved aspersions cast 
on me, have occasioned my retirement out of Ireland into the 
King of Spain's dominions for the safety of my person ; and, 
my Lord, it lies in the power of your Grace to use a preservative 
cause for your Lordship's faithful field officers, which by this 
is begged of your Honour. 

Endorsed: — Miles Keilly's. Received 20th May, 1666. 

Petition of Provost of Trinity College, Dublin, to 

Ormond. 

1666, April 30. Dublin. — ^To his Grace, James, Duke 
of Ormond, Lord Lieutenant General, and General Governor 
of Ireland, and Chancellor of the University of Dublin. 

The humble petition of Thomas Seele, Provost of Trinity 
College. 

Sheweth : That by one clause in the Act of Explanation of 
some doubt arising on the Act of Settlement, it is enacted, 
page '27, that the commissioners for execution of the said Act 
shall set out or cause to be set out unto your petitioner and his 
successors for ever, so many acres of forfeitable land as may 
be of the yearly value of £300, or may be sufficient to answer 
a yearly rent charge of £300 to be issuing out of the same ; 
To the end the same may be a proportional revenue for the 
support of the Provost of Trinity College, near Dublin, to be 
settled upon the said Provost and his successors for ever, in 
such way and manners as your Grace and council shall direct. 



220 

And forasmuch as your petitioner is informed that the 
lands in the annexed schedule are lands that have been in the 
hands of such adventurers, who by the rules of the said Act 
have not right to them. 

He therefore most humbly prayeth that your Grace (by 
whose favour the said clause is inserted in the said Act) will 
graciously please to recommend the said schedule unto the 
commissioners for execution of the said Act, that they may 
set out unto your petitioner and his successors, so much therof 
as may in the whole amount unto the clear yearly value of 
£300, or otherwise that the said commissioners may out of 
any other forfeited lands, set out so much as may answer a 
yearly rent charge of £300, according to the intent of the said 
charge. 

And he shall pray, etc. 

Endorsed at foot : — The clerk of the council is to present this 
petition unto us at our next sitting at the Council Board, where 
the same shall be taken into consideration, and such further 
order given thereupon as shall be thought fit. 

Ormond. 

Schedule set out. 1. — Lands belonging to Sir William 
Brereton's lot in County Tipperary, Barony of Iffa and Offa, 
about 1 ,228 acres. 

2. — Lands in Barony of Kavan and County of Meath, about 
1,600 plantation acres. 

3. — Col. Alexander Popham's in north east quarter of liarony 
of Clonwilliam, about 1,467 acres. 

James King and B. Cuningham to Sir George Lane. 

1666, May JO. Jamestown. — We having according to our 
duty for a due and seasonable return of the hearth books for 
the County of Leitrim employed our best endeavours, and 
meeting with several difficulties as the want of a conjunction 
of a third to sign, the Justices of the County being for most 
part at Dublin, and the constables, whom we have fined, 
not bringing in so satisfactory a return as we expected, have 
been the principal reasons that the books were not sent up 
in such time as by us intended and the Act required. And 
therefore doubting, though our diligence and endeavours have 
not therein been wanting, that both we and the rest of the 
Justices may thereby suffer, do most humbly request your 
Honour so far to favour them and us as that not any prejudice 
may fall upon us by a supposed neglect, which by our best 
care and diligence in rectifying what may any ways be defective, 
we purpose speedily to repair. This great favour as we make 
bold to petition your Honour, so also we humbly beg your 
pardon for our great presumption and trouble herein given your 

Honour. 
Endorsed : — For His Majesty's service. Haste. 



221 

John ]3ramston to Sir George Lane. 

1666, May 22. Athlone. — Having received an order from 
the commissioners for sick and wounded seamen and prisoners 
at war, to set at liberty Isaac Vylansen, one of the Dutch 
prisoners committed to my charge, but supposing the order 
to be no warrant for my discharge, I herewith send the man 
therein concerned (having taken sufficient security for his 
return hither in case his Grace the Lord Lieutenant do not 
approve of his enlargement) and have enclosed the order, 
humbly desiring your Honour to acquaint his Grace therewith , 
and to afford him your Honour's assistance therein. 

I have one request more to your Honour, that you will be 
pleased to move his Grace for more money for the relief of 
the rest of the prisoners, they being much indebted to the 
inhabitanats here, and they not able longer to trust them. 

Dr. William Cole to Sir George Lane. 

1666, May 22. Whitehall.— Yours from Dublin Castle 
of May 9th came to my hands this May 22nd, for which 
and your favours therein I am most humbly bold to present 
my most affectionate thanks, as having a due resentment of 
so great a condescension in a person of so great honour to 
take cognizance of the concerns of one so undeserving and 
unknown. But I must first ascribe all to the honorableness 
and goodness of yourself, and next to the influence of my Lord 
his Grace, upon your respects, and in his absence I doubt 
not but at my return to Newhall to have her Grace's letter 
of thanks to you in my behalf. I have this night taken 
course to Mr. Alderman Reader, of Dublin, to pay 201 for 
defraying the College charge to Dr. Stearne there, and if 
the houses' testimonials shall wait upon youself, I humbly 
beg they may be directed to Mr. Secretary Mathew Lock at 
the Cockpitt, by which means I shall have them safely 
conveyed. My Lady Duchess and my Lord Torrington are 
now at Newhall. My Lord, his Grace, is very well, and was 
yesterday weighing anchor from the river, at the Buoy in the 
Nore, for the Downes. Captain Clarke had, when Sir Wm. 
Clark yesternight dated his letter, sent advertisement to his 
Grace that he had with others newly taken nine Dutch ships, 
laden from Norway, of three or four hundred ton apiece, 
and in their company redeemed the Hunter, a ship of London, 
taken by them. Sir, I most humbly beg your pardon for this 
confidence. 

'Sir Arthur Forbes to Mr. Secretary Page. 

1666, May 25. — When I left Dublin you saw a letter directed 
to me from this country, wherein I was informed that Edmond 
Nangle was desired to make an attempt upon my house. 



It being sent from a woman, I was loath to trouble my Lord 
Lieutenant with an account of it till I had more fully satisfied 
myself of the truth of the matter, but upon my further inquiry 
I find that Nangle and Miles Reilly, who were supposed to 
have gone beyond the seas, were at Strabane, in the County of 
Roscommon , with three hundred men, six days before I left you , 
and that they presumed the Castle of Longford, with my house, 
a fit and convenient place to rendezvous those of their partes 
in relation to a further disturbance. This day I have notice 
from the County of Fermanagh and Cavan of the same, 
not from bad hands, and that they are resolved suddenly to 
make that attempt which they declined formerly upon 
the account of the not appearance of those men they expected 
from Ulster. I doubt not to preserve my family, yet I suppose 
it my duty to acquaint my Lord Lieutenant that if their 
insolence be not suddenly suppressed I cannot divine where 
it may end. Nangle was last night within three miles of 
this place in a tenant's house of mine, where no horse could 
reach him, it was in the County of Leitrim, attended with 
forty men, and there was one, O'Rorke, with fifteen more, 
who likewise is upon his keeping within a half mile of his 
quarter. This I thought my duty to signify, and let any 
suppose madness in the matter who pleases. The desire seems 
solid, if my Lord Lieutenant shall think fit to surprise him, 
such must be employed who can hunt him in the bogs. 
Jamestown is one of the places desired to be seized, which 
may be easily done, for there is no garrison in it. 

Postscript: — Let me hear from you by this bearer. 

Eabl op Inchiquin to Sib Gborgb Lanb. 

1666, May 26. Dublin. — Dear George : This is the best paper 
] can get at the Bowling Green to let you know that my son-in- 
law's footman is in danger to be hanged for want of that reprieve 
which my Lord gave me leave to petition him for ; and my man 
gave you the petition on Thursday night, but the hurry you 
were in by reason of your journey, having hindered your 
getting an answer thereof before your going away, I am 
driven to give you this trouble, beseeching you to get me a 
reprieve for him till next term, and to send it me by the first, 
for if I have it not by this day seven-night, the man will be 
hanged, which I would not wish for a brace of hundred pounds. 
I am, dear George, your most affectionate kinsman and most 
humble servant. 

Postscript: — The man's name is Charles O'Malley, and his 
sentence was given this day. 

Addressed: — For my worthy cousin. Sir George Lane, 
attending his Grace, the Lord Lieutenant General of Ireland, 

Free T.K. Belfast. 

Endorsed : — Earl of Inchiquin' s. Received 29th May, 1666. 
Reprieved. 



223 

Elizabeth, Lady Thurlbs to Ormond. 

1666, May 27th. Thurles. — Son; I have upon other 
occasions acquainted you with the hard condition your brother 
Butler is in, having a family that I doubt makes him live above 
his revenue. There is a way now propounded that may be 
of some advantage for his second son, if you shall think it 
so and approve of it. Mr. Evered, of Featherd, left one 
sister, who married the Knight of Kerry's son. She is now 
a widow, and has a jointure in Kerry of near 200Z a year; 
she had left her by inheritance 150J a year, which at present 
is encumbered with some debts, and is to come in free to 
her in five years, and this is tied upon a daughter she has, 
if she shall hereafter have no son. If you approve of this 
match and that you think her jointure will stand secure, they 
will endeavour to compass it, having reason to make some 
settlement for their younger children the best manner they 
can in their own time. God keep and bless you and all 
yours. Your ever loving mother, Elisa Thurles. 

Major John Love to Sir George Lane. 

1666, May 29. Kinsale. — I did write to you in my last 
how that I had stopped five ships laden with beef belonging 
to Mr. Choisin, but I find that there is but four laden. 'He 
had two more laden but they are gone long since and reported 
for France, and Mr. Choisin was lately hiring of a ship 
in this harbour to load her with beef, but the master and he 
could not agree and so they broke off. Sir, I am to acquaint 
you that there is in these four ships goods belonging to 
several Englishmen besides Mr. Choisin's beef. I humbly 
desire to know whether I shall deliver them their goods, and 
whether I shall land the beef into the fort or into the town. 
I am informed that Mr. Choisin is gone to Dublin for to 
petition his Grace, and if he clears his ships and goods, I 
humbly desire that Mr. Choisin may satisfy all those men 
that I have employed in watching the ships day and night, 
and carrying all their sails ashore. I have nothing else to 
trouble you at this time. 

Postscript ; — I have sent you here enclosed a copy of all the 
passages that happened to Captain Coventry since he left 
England. He humbly desires that you will be pleased to 
show it to his Grace, and then to send it to the principal 
officers in London. Here is Captain Grant, Captain Coventry, 
Captain White, and Captain Ball ready to go to sea again, 
and so is Captain Sherland with the pleasure boat, waiting 
for a fair wind to go for Dublin. 

Major Robert Edgeworth to Sir George Lane. 

1666, June 1. Sligo. — A vessel bound for Killybegs from 
Pallyshannbn, in her passage, was met with a pickaroon, a 
Frenchman, and forced to alter her course, and after six hours' 



2-24 

chase was driven in here late yesterday in the evening. The 
master of her told me that there are three small Cappers 
cruising between Killybegs, Broadhaven, and this bay and 
port. If but one of His Majesty's frigates would but appear 
here, we doubt they would find it worth their labour, if not 
in taking of these rogues, at least in driving them off the coast 
and securing the small trade in these parts. This coming 
to my knowledge I thought it my duty to make it known unto 
you, to the end that it might be presented to his Grace, 
being desired thereunto by the small merchants and traders 
of these parts. As for anything else to give his Grace 
account of, I know nothing but that all, blessed be God, is 
quiet and very well, and I beseech you assure his Grace from 
me that this garrison is in a quiet, obedient, and loyal posture, 
and by the blessing of God shall be so, or I will not live. 
I received a letter from Dublin, intimating that Cornet Nangle 
and Miles Eeilly w^ere up in arms and in these parts. I can 
assure you also whether they be in arms or no is unknown 
to me as yet, and that they are not near me here I am certain, 
for I should be very sorry to have so slender intelligence 
as under my nose to have such companions without taking 
notice of them, here being a troop of horse and my ward or 
company, you may call it, for I have sixty able and I doubt not 
loyal fighting men in it, besides my Lord Collooney's horse. 
I shall humbly beg of you, with the humble tender of my 
duty to his Grace, to move him that if his Grace thing it fit, 
I may have orders directed to me upon notice of any unlawful 
tumultuary meeting to rise with a convenient party, and 
disperse or, if I can, take some of them. The noise of this 
as it would terrify all such persons, so it would humble ill 
humours if any be breeding in the breasts of our own, w-hich 
by way of prevention is no bad physic. I have done my 
duty, and with my prayers to the Almighty for his protection 
on his Grace and his blessings on all his endeavours, I take 
leave. 

Postscript : — Sir, I beg a return to this. 

Addressed: — To the honourable Sir George Lane, knight, 
principal secretary to his Grace, my Lord Lieutenant, these, 
at his house on the Blind Kay, Dublin, present. 

For His Majesty's most especial service. Haste, Haste, 
Haste. 

8m Arthur Forrbs to Mr. Secretary Page. 

1666, June 7. — Having received my Lord Lieutenant's 
commands from Drogheda, wherein I am required to give 
his Grace an account of Mister Nangle*s proceedings, I 
presume to acquaint you that what I formerly wrote, is true, 
and that he stayed in the County of Leitrim for three days 
after the date of my last, but having received notice of the 
mutiny of Carrickfergus, lest it might not only encourage 



225 

Mister Nangle but also others, I thought it my duty to put 
this country in some posture of defence, and with some of 
the country and some horsemen afoot, I went by water to 
seek him out, but he was upon his guard and retired to 
Sleufineren, a fast mountain there, upon which I gave notice 
to Sir Oliver St. George's troop, who also went in search of 
him. Then he came into the County of Longford, where 
we the next day on horseback hunted him into the woods 
which divide Leitrim and Cavan, whither now he is 
gone. I have sent notice to Sir Charles Hamilton 
of his motion to Cavan, who I presume will give him 
little rest there. Upon the whole he has used all possible 
endeavours to incite all discontented people to an insurrection, 
and has his correspondents all the kingdom over. He likewise 
encourages the common people with vain hopes. There is 
one, Dualtache Costello, who has been with him, a man more 
considerable than himself for matters of action, who is, as 
I am informed, engaged to join with him with all those he 
can influence. I have secured several in Leitrim, where 
he was entertained, and especially such who gave no notice 
to any of His Majesty's oflBcers. Horse will never be able 
to find him out, and if it may stand with my Lord Lieutenant's 
pleasure to command two small parties of foot to hunt him 
in the bogs and woods where he haunts, I am persuaded there 
may be a short account had of him. There is one, Sergeant 
Thomas, who belongs to that company which was Captain 
St. George's, now quartered in Athlone, whom I suppose the 
fittest person to employ, he being acquainted with all the 
fastnesses of these countries. Besides he is an active stout 
fellow. This I presumed my duty to acquaint you with. 

Sir Arthur Forbes to Mr. Secretary Page. 

1666, June 8. Castle Forbes. — This enclosed came 
from Mister Irvine, the gentleman I made bold to 
recommend to your favour. You will better know by his 
letter what he proposes than I can write. If you can favour 
him, it will be an act of charity done to a person who probably 
may merit it, and to one whose relations have done and suffered 
as much as any of their quality in His Majesty's service. 
I dare not presume to desire that my Lord Lieutenant might 
be moved to interpose in his behalf, but will leave it to your 
own judgment. It seems there is none yet provided to it. 

As for news there is so much and so frequent alarms in 
this country, that I know not what to write first. This I 
presume, if my intelligence do not more than enough abuse 
me^ there is some sudden and dangerous design in agitation 
amongst the Irish. I have it from several good hands, and 
from several parts of this kingdom, I doubt not but my Lord 
Lieutenant is informed of it, if it be true; yet I durst not 
Wt. 8878 o 



226 

neglect giving you an account of what I hear. There is one 
who disposes upon oath that he saw and handled some of 
the arms that are already landed at Boilache [ ?] . One thing 
I am informed of which, if true, my Lord will soon know, 
which is that the Ulster clergy are to attend his Grace in 
relation to an oath of loyalty, which is expected from them, 
which they are resolved not to refuse positively but to desire 
time to consider of it, the better to amuse us with an expectation 
of what he says they will not do, their end being only to gain 
time till their friends be prepared for what they intend. If my 
Lord seem to apprehend anything of this matter, be pleased 
to let me know of it, for I am promised a more full account 
within this week, and the names of several who are 
engaged in the design, who are all to meet, or at least the 
most considerable persons, in some place of Ulster, where 
they are to resolve the best way how to embody themselves 
upon occasions. What further I can learn, if you advise 
it, shall upon all occasions be despatched to you. 

Major John Love to Sir George Lane. 

1666, June 9. Kinsale. — ^This is humbly to acquaint you, 
and desiring you to acquaint his Grace, that just now here 
arrived fourteen sail of ships from the Barbadoes, most of 
them belonging to London. They bring sad news, how 
that the French have taken Saint Christopher's and put 
most of the English to the sword there. The bearer, 
Mr. Browne, can give you the full relation of it. 

Sir Egbert Byron to Ormond. 

1666, June 12. Kinsale. — On Wednesday last I arrived 
here before I waited upon my Lord of Orrery, though I wrote 
to him by the first conveniency I found, after I came into 
this province, to acquaint him with my haste hither, as a 
place so considerable and so far out of order as I doubted 
not of his pardon that I performed not my respects to him 
in the first place, which by his letters he seems to allow for 
a very just excuse. 

I find this place the most considerable fort I have seen 
in this kingdom, but in very ill condition, the rampier being 
broken down in many places that a man might ride up it, 
thirty pieces of ordnance, not half of them upon carriages] 
all the platforms decayed and rotten, wholly useless. 

My allowance for this place according to estimate, which 
was given in to your Grace, is about 200Z, which I fear will 
not hold out to do all that is absolutely necessary considering 
the importance of the place, which to my thinking is the noblest 
I ever saw, and hath the most command of the bravest 
harbour I have ever seen ; as to the security of a fleet, and 
for the work made by Prince Eupert, as much may be done 



227 

in six hours as he did, for I have viewed all those places since 
my being here, and I hope we shall never have the like 
occasion again to see a Parliament fleet without waiting an 
opportunity to seize the King's fleet within the harbour; the 
blockhouse having those guns mounted, which lie upon the 
ground, having whole culverin of brass and a demy cannon 
of iron, w411 command the harbour's mouth. I beseech your 
Grace order your warrant to call in the country to work, and 
I doubt not but within a few days I shall put this place 
into a handsome posture, which it very well deserves. 

In my way hither I viewed all the castles, towns, and forts, 
which I found all in very ill condition but Duncannon, except 
which I have supplied all according to my allowance; the 
particular of all this I think too tedious to put into a letter, 
and therefore shall defer it till I have the honour to wait 
upon your Grace at my return, when I shall give your Grace 
that account of my diligence as I hope shall declare my 
obedience to your commands, and that I make it my business, 
which I have ever done, to deserve the esteem of your Grace. 

Postscript : — I have sent to have an account of the Bantry 
and Crookhaven forts, and shall provide for them as far as 
my allowance will extend. 

CoL. Egbert Sandys to Sir George Lane. 

1666, June 15. Lanesborough. — The enclosed is a relation 
of some outings of Mr. Nangle's, which my duty binds me to 
represent. I heartily wish some course might be taken to 
secure his purposed mischief, for most certainly he prepares 
and threatens very maliciously, and by his pious insinuations 
grows exceedingly into the kindness and wonder of the common 
Irish, insomuch that in some parts they fall down on their 
knees at sight of him. I should be glad if in any commands 
hither I might serve you. 

Postscript : — I entreat your favour to procure me a licence 
of absence, and, if it may be, for three months, though I 
shall in that interim several times visit my garrison. 

CoL. Egbert Sandys to Sir George Lane. 

1666, June 16. Lanesborough. — I was Thursday last at 
your Eathcline, when Mr. Spike received the joyful news 
of our sea victory, which your fort and town did celebrate 
with volleys of shot and bonfires, the bonfires imitated on the 
other side your bridge, but I dare say not with the like affection, 
having observed the Irish droop much at this intelligence. 
Lord Barneweirs house is going up within the old rampire 
near the bridge. His steward tells me 'tis intended but a 
small fabric, but if built a nobleman's house after the manner 
of Ireland, I dare pronounce it shall more command the pass 
than your fort shall do, and be a galling neighbour of your fort. 



228 

If then too the rampire and graff shall be repaired, which 
may be done without any great expense of time or money, 
I know not a better fortification in Ireland. Your mills 
begin to look as if they would signify something. The water 
does fast incline to them, and doubtless they will be of great 
use as they are of beauty. The bridge seems to go on but 
slowly, it seems there wants lime, but a kiln is ready to 
be fired. 

Your house of Eathcline is almost brought to perfection, 
and really 'tis a very sufficient good house, so beautified with 
all sorts of ingenious plantations, that a small time will shew 
it an earthly paradise. Sir, I beg your pardon to divert you 
with a little account and some observations, because I know 
they are not unpleasant to you, though yet you have them 
daily in the far more knowing style of your most industrious 
steward, in whom truly I think you are exceeding happy. 
These two days past we have heard little of Mr. Nangle, but 
we suppose him in the woods. This we certainly know, he 
has a considerable strength very well appointed, though his 
whole numbers not at all times about him. It were very 
happy if he might yet be reduced to a civil life and obedience 
to the Government, for 'tis scarce imaginable what terror he 
strikes into all these neighbour countries ; nothing apprehended 
but war and rebellion. The effect will be found in the collection 
of the four subsidies, which may be paid in cows and distresses, 
never in moneys if discerning men can judge, all buying and 
selling being almost at a perfect stand, men chiefly considering 
how they may secure their families from the worst of violence 
and destruction. 

Ormond to Sir Eobebt Byron. 

1666, June 16. Dublin. — I have received yours of 
the 12th instant from Kinsale, where I hope you still are, and 
are putting the reparation of it in hand. By this post a 
letter will go to my Lord of Orrery to dispose the country 
next to that place, to give you the help of workmen and 
carriages for materials, which the Justices of Peace may so 
distribute as that the burden will be but light to the country, 
and yet the service very useful towards the speedy putting 
the place in condition of defence. By the description you 
make of that fort, I should think it worthy of a greater charge 
than is allowed you to bestow upon it, and therefore I should 
think that in the present reparations, regard should be had 
to future addition of strength, so that what shall now be 
laid out may tend to it, at least not be lost; and in case 
the money designed for the present shall fall short to do what 
is now needful, upon notice there shall be such further 
allowance as you shall propose. 

In an answer I lately made to a letter from my Lord of 
Kingston, wherein he mentions the ill condition of the fort 
at Gal way, I told him of you being to come thither, and 



229 

desired him, upon consideration of the work there to be done, 
to lay out for such materials as would be needful, to the end 
you might lose the less time, when you should come thither, 
and I conceive if you could spare any fit person to contract 
for and provide those materials, it would much shorten 
your work, and sooner put that place (on which an 
enemy may have a design as well as on Kinsale) into a 
condition of security. This is what I conceive needful in 
answer to yours, and so I remain, your very affectionate 
servant, Ormond. 

Endorsed: — Copy of my Lord Lieutenant's letter to Sir 
Robert Byron. 



Sir Robert Byron to Ormond. 

1666, June 19th. Kinsale. — I am still at the fort of Kinsale, 
where I find very good occasion for my stay, till I can see it 
in some forwardness in what I have undertaken for the 
strengthening of it, which is in hand, and proceeding with 
the least loss of time that may be, and my Lord President 
being to be here this day, and having your Grace's direction 
for help from the country, I doubt not but to have 
this place in a handsome posture within a short time, and 
so as shall appear the money hath been disposed of to good 
advantage. 

My being here hath not taken off my care of other places 
more westerly, as the Bantry and Crookhaven, the first 
whereof is capable of being made very useful for this present 
occasion, and I shall take care with the Governor to have the 
guns mounted, and some other things of small charge added 
to the strengthening of that fort ; but for the other, though 
in a place of advantage enough, yet is of so little defence that 
it is not sufficient to defend the few guns (which are but two) 
that are in it ; wherefore I think fit rather to draw them off 
and dispose of them to better advantage. I am informed 
of many other harbours in the west very opportune for an 
enemy's landing, more particularly that of Berehaven, which, 
as I am told, hath no fort or any other thing to give the least 
resistance to an enemy, and if that were fortified, yet there 
are so many others for that use that in my opinion it is 
impossible to hinder an enemy's landing, if he be not met 
withal at sea. 

I may not omit to inform your Grace that yesterday morning 
here was a vessel chased in by one of twenty-six guns, who 
pursued him to the very mouth of the harbour, and the master 
having of late been twice taken by the Dutch and French 
Cappers, tells me whilst he was aboard them, they made 
great boasting of an army of French to be landed here. 
What use is to be made of such intelligence, your Grace best 
knows, but I thought it my duty to acquaint you therewith. 



230 

For the preparations for Gal way, I took order about it before 
I left Dublin, having written to Colonel Spencer to make 
provision both for workmen and materials, that when I should 
be upoQ the place myself, no time might be lost in putting 
on so great a work, wherein no small time is necessary for 
the doing. 

I shall acquaint your Grace with my proceedings here from 
time to time, and when I have put this place in order, and 
what else on this coast lies under my care, according to 
what I have to help them, my next station is at Limerick, 
which will not hold me long, so as I hope to come timely 
enough to Galway to perform what is to be done there, and 
in the whole course of this employment I hope I shall never 
be wanting in my diligence nor my obedience to all such 
commands as your Grace shall please to lay me. 

Major John Love to Sir George Lane. 

1666, June 19. Einsale. — Yours of the 16th I did receive 
with a letter from his Grace, which I shall observe, God 
willing. Mr. Choisin is very earnest with me for to clear 
his ship, but I am resolved not to do it until I receive further 
orders or commands from his Grace or yourself. 

Sir, yesterday morning here was a Dutch Capper of about 
twenty-four or twenty-six guns, that did chase an English 
merchantman to the very harbour's mouth. The merchantman 
ran up under the command of our guns, so the Capper struck 
off to sea again. The merchant told Sir Eobert Byron and 
myself that he was taken twice by them within these ten 
days, and the first time they were taken, the master did 
compound with them for three hundred and twenty pounds, 
and to stay himself with them until the money was paid, upon 
which his ship was cleared, and so he sent his mate and his 
merchant in her to proceed in their voyage towards Virginia, 
and within two days after they were taken again. Notwith- 
standing that they had a pass from him that took them first, 
the last did take all from them, and did strip off their clothes 
and sent them ashore with only the bare hull with some old 
sails, which brought them in here. The merchant did swear 
before Sir Eobert and myself that he was abroad three of 
their Cappers, and that all of the seamen are Dutch, and in 
each Capper there is about sixty French soldiers, and both 
the Dutch and the French made great inquiry of this merchant 
whether Mr. Choisin*s beef were ready to go to sea, and they 
could tell him how many ships Choisin had laden with beef, and 
he told us likewise that the French were more cruel to them 
than the Dutch. I thought it necessary to acquaint you 
with this passage, that you may acquaint his Grace with it. 
I do believe Sir Eobert Byron will give an account unto his 
Grace of this business. The merchant told us also that there 
is above sixty sail of Dutch and French Cappers upon the 



231 

coast of Ireland at this time, and that 'tis impossible almost 
for a ship to escape them. I am informed that his Grace do 
pm-pose to send some arms and ammunition in the pleasure boat 
into this province. Pray be pleased for to acquaint his Grace 
that it is not safe to send her without a strong convoy. 
Captain Grant and his squadron is now about seventy or 
eighty leagues to the south-west of the Cape, and we have not 
one man of war left in this province that I can hear of. 
About four days since there was the Sara of Cork taken in 
the harbour's mouth there, laden with oxen and sheep, bound 
for England. The deal boards are not yet come in. 

Postscript : — Sir Eobert Byron is now here and putting 
this fort into a better condition than it was formerly. 

Addressed: — ^For His Majesty's special affairs. To Sir 
George Lane, knight and baronet, at his house in Dublin, 
present these. Haste, haste, post haste. 

Sir Eobert Byron to Sir George Lane. 

1666, June 19. Kinsale. — ^Dear Gossip: I have received 
yours and my Lord's letter, and am very glad my diligence 
is so well approved of. I hope I shall so perform bis commands 
. as he shall neither have cause to blame my care nor suspect 
. my obedience to all his commands. I thank you for the 
account you give me of the late bloody engagement at sea. 
I know not what change this may have made in the French 
designs, but as I was yesterday informed by one that was 
lately taken by them, they give out that they will land a 
great army of French here this summer. I hear there is 
some intention of supplying this province with ammunition, 
which is very necessary to be done, care being taken that it 
be sent with a sufficient convoy, for the Cappers are very 
strong upon this coast, and so bold as but yesterday morning 
one of twenty-six guns chased in a vessel into this harbour, 
and pursued her to the very mouth of it. 

You could not have sent any information to me so pleasing 
as that my Lord of Ossory hath acquired so eminent an 
addition to his reputation, and hath so far outstripped all of 
his own degree in the pursuit of honour. I wish he may long 
enjoy it, and that I may always have the esteem of being, 
dear Gossip, your most affectionate humble servant, 

Addressed: — For my honoured friend. Sir George Lane, 
knight, present this at the Castle of Dublin. 

Sir Arthur Forbes to Ormond. 

1666, June 21. — May it please your Grace : The many alarms 
we have had in this country is a volume. The bearer. Mister 
Jones, can inform your Grace of some of the grounds of them. 
Something is certainly intended, but under your Grace's 
conduct I doubt not that anything can be secret. He will 
acquaint you with what he has observed. 



232 

Major Robert Edgeworth to Sir George Lane. 

1666, June 29. Sligo. — I received by this post orders 
for Captain Eooth, in the Dartmouth frigate, but he is 
not at present on the coast, as I am credibly informed by 
several seafaring mexx that saw him lately about Broadhaven 
and Killybegs. Some of them were aboard him, and they tell 
me that for aught they could learn, he was then intended to set 
sail for Kinsale to victual. He never sent word to me this 
post, which if he had, I should have observed your instructions 
in your former letter, yet I thought fit to keep this letter 
now sent him, lest within few days he should touch here. 
If you please, upon notice by the next post, I will return 
it to you. 

Sir, the garrison of Sligo was never without some horse until 
now, and this last week my Lord of CoUooney's troop, by 
orders from my Lord President, was removed hence to 
Collooney. In this garrison are near upon two hundred 
families, and only my company, the fort unfinished, and no 
horse, w^hich I thought my duty early to give his Grace an 
account of, which I beseech you do, that I may not be blamed 
upon that score. I am sure you know that this place can 
better answer every alarm of the county than Collooney ; besides 
it is the high road and pass from Ulster. I have no more, 
sir, but with the humble tender of my duty to his Grace 
and an earnest desire to know his pleasure as to the premises, 
I subscribe myself, sir, your unfeignedly faithful servant and 
most affectionate kinsman. 

Major John Love to Sir George Lane. 

1666, June 29. Kinsale. — This is humbly to entreat you to 
let me know whether I shall discharge Mr. Choisin's ships 
with the beef, for they are very earnest every day with me 
for to deliver their sails, but you know I dare not until that 
1 do receive orders from his Grace or yourself. Just now 
one of the masters came to me and told me that there was 
orders come from his Grace this post for to discharge them, 
but I did not see it as yet. When it comes, I shall obey it, 
God willing. Sir, here is now in the harbour about sixty 
merchantmen, some of them came from the Barbadoes, and 
about forty that came in lately, came from Virginia and 
other places. They gave a great alarm all the west of Ireland. 
Captain Eooth and Captain Jonson brought in the last fleet, 
and they are here taking in some provisions. Here is also 
the Mermaid frigate, come in for to convoy some Bristol 
ships home. 

Sir, here is no deal come in as yet, but I hear that there is 
great store about forty or fifty miles off at a place called 
Crookhaven. If you think fit to get an order from the Lords 
Commissioners for Prizes that you might have an order for 
a thousand of them as they are appraised, and send your order 



233 

unto Colonel Eobert Manly, who is Governor of Bantry and 
Crookhaven, and he is likewise empowered by the Admiralty 
Court for to have a care of all prizes that comes in there, that the 
goods might not be embezzled, he may buy them for you at 
an easy rate, if you please to write to him, and then Captain 
Eooth or some other frigate may bring them when they sail 
to Dublin. 

Col. John Gorges to Ormond. 

1666, July 3. Londonderry. — Sir James Middleton's and 
Colonel Sydenham's companies being marched by your Grace's 
order, I humbly presume to beg the knowledge of your 
Lordship's pleasure whether any other supply is ordered hither, 
and that if you please so to do, I humbly tender it to your 
Grace's wisdom whether resident English oflBcers be not most 
fit for this so remote a garrison. It would be too saucy a 
boldness in me to give my weak opinion or reasons herein, 
well knowing my duty is to submit as in this so in all things 
to your Grace's prudence, which I have and always shall 
cheerfully do. I shall also beseech your Grace's pardon that 
I so oft mention the miserable want here of carriages for all 
the guns, being not one mounted, but I shall presume no 
further. 

Major John Love to Sir George Lane. 

1666, July 6. Kinsale. — Yours of the 3rd I did receive 
with two letters enclosed, which I did deliver with my own 
hand as you may see by the two enclosed receipts. Captain 
Grant and his squadron are to continue in the west for to 
expect to convoy a fleet that is bound home from the East 
Indies. Captain Booth and Captain Watson and Captain 
J on son are here staying for a fair wind for to convoy from 
hence the Virginia fleet and the Barbadoes fleet for Plymouth. 
If the wind serves they sail in the morning. 

Sir, I did receive orders from his Grace for to deliver 
Mr. Chossin his sails and for to take the soldiers out of his 
ships, which accordingly I have done. I have here sent 
you a copy of the petition and order that you might see how 
much they have abused both myself and the soldiers. I durst 
take my oath that the soldiers did not take the worth of a 
penny from them ; the soldiers had only their allowance in 
provision as the seamen had during the time they were aboard. 
Now I humbly pray you to let me know whether I shall let 
those four ships pass when they are ready to go to sea. 

^ Petition op Lewis Des Mynieres and order thereon 

enclosed with the preceding. 

1666, June 26. — To his Grace the Lord Duke of Ormond, 
Lord Lieutenant General and General Governor of all Irelaad. 



234 

The humble petition of Lewis Desmynieres of Dublin, 
merchant, for and on the behalf of John Choisin, merchant, 
of Kinsale. 

In most humble manner showing that the said John Choisin 
lately obtained of the right honourable the Lords of the Council 
an order to the Governor of the fort of Kinsale to set at 
liberty four ships freighted with beef which were bound for 
the English plantations, which the said Governor had stayed 
by your Grace's order, but so it is that the said Governor 
refuseth to discharge the said ships notwithstanding the said 
order of the council, alleging that he hath received a later 
order from your Grace for the detaining of the said ships, 
to which your suppliant do most humbly acquiesce. 

And whereas the said Governor hath kept soldiers aboard, 
[who] make havoc of the petitioner's goods in a very 
rude manner besides other indignities, and by reason also 
that the said beef is in danger of spoiling by lying so long 
aboard, and also that the sails of the said ships lying together 
in the fort are in great danger to be eaten by rats, [and] 
utterly to be destroyed by want of drying, and that the said 
ships also are grown foul by lying so long. 

The premises tenderly considered and for avoiding the 
above said damages, mischiefs and undoubted losses, your 
suppliant humbly implores your Grace's favourable order to 
the Governor of the fort to restore to the owners the sails 
of the said four ships, that he may have liberty to discharge 
the said beef that he may be enabled to preserve it from 
being utterly spoiled, and finally to dismiss the soldiers, who 
have already done great damage to your suppliant, and he 
will pray. 

Copia Vera. 

Dublin Castle, the 26th day of June, 1666. 

Endorsed at foot : — 

Upon consideration had of the within petition we do 
hereby order that the sails of the respective ships therein 
mentioned be forthwith delivered to Monsieur John 
Choisin or such as shall be appointed by him, to the end 
they may not be damnified by lying in the fort, and that 
the said Monsieur Choisin be permitted to unload the 
beef laden upon the said ships that it may not be in 
danger of spoiling by lying too long aboard. And it is 
our further pleasure that the soldiers who are put upon 
those ships be forthwith dismissed from them, whereof 
Major Love, Deputy Governor of the fort of Kinsale, and 
all others concerned are to take notice. 

Ormond. 
Copia Vera. 



235 
Extract from *' A List of the Officers of tee Militia 

IN THE SEVERAL COUNTIES OF THE PROVINCE OF CONNAUGHT." 

County of Sligo. 

Commissioners for settling Militia. 

Lord Coloony. 
The High Sheriff. 
Sir Francis Gore. 
Major Edgeworth. 
Captain Eobert Morgan. 

Cornet Edward Cooper and all the Captains of 
the Militia. 

Places for securing Arms. 

Sligo. 
Colooney. 

County of Lei trim. 

Commissioners* names. 

Lord Coloony. 

Captain William St. George, high sheriff. 

Sir Oliver St, George. 

Captain Eobert Parke. 

James Bathurst, senior. 

Captain Henry Crofton. 

Captain Bryan Cunningham. 

Places for Arms. 

Jamestown. 
Drumahaire. 

County of Boscommon. 

Commissioners' names. 

Lord Coloony. 
Eichard Jones, Esq. 
Captain Thomas Caulfeild. 
Sir Eichard Lane. 
Sir Edward Crofton. 
Captain William Handcock. 
Captain James King. 
Edward Donnellan, Esq. 
Eichard Crofton, Esq. 
Nicholas Mahon, Esq. 
Eobert Folliot, Esq. 
Eobert Drury, Esq. 

Places for Arms. 

Athlone and 

Boyle. 1 •- 



236 

County of Gal way. 

Commissioners' names. 

The High Sheriflf. 
Captain Thomas Caulfeild. 
Colonel John Spencer. 
Sir James CufFe. 
Captain John Morgan. 
Francis Foster, Esq. 
Captain PuUen. 
Captain Henry Greene way. 
Major Tho. Davis. 

Places for Arms. 
Galway and 
Bally moe. 

The town and liberty of Galway. 

Commissioners' names. 

Colonel John Spencer, mayor. 
Captain John Morgan. 
Edward Eyre, Esq. 
Gabriel King, Esq. 
Captain James Bulteel. 

Place for Arms. 
Galway. 

County of Mayo. 

Commissioners' names. 

Lord Mayo. 
Lord Colooney. 
Sir Oliver St. George. 
Sir Arthur Gore. 

Sir James Cuffe and all the Captains of the 
Militia. 



Places for Arms. 
Galway and 
Bellahy. 

County of Sligo . . 
Leitrim 
Eoscommon 
County of Galway 
Town of Galway . . 
County of Mayo . . 



Horse. Foot. 

400 300 

— 300 

150 500 

50 200 

50 100 

250 200 

0900 1600 



Endorsed : — Received from the Lord President the 9th July, 
1666. 



237 

Col. John Spencer to Sir George Lane. 

1666, July 10. Galway. — I received an order from his 
Grace the Lord Lieutenant, dated the 4th instant, for the 
release of one Abraham Hey, a Dutch prisoner here, by which 
order I am required to take a note from the said prisoner 
that he was released without charge, and to send the said 
note to his Grace. In obedience thereunto I released and 
gave a pass unto the said Abraham Hey, and I have here 
enclosed the said note under his hand. 

Sir, I heartily wish I had the like or any other fair occasion 
to acquit myself of the rest of the prisoners here, being between 
forty and fifty in number. I have often with submission 
humbly represented it as my opinion that this is not a proper 
place in this conjuncture for the keeping of prisoners, and 
I likewise in my last address to the Lords Commissioners for 
Prizes recommended it to their Lordships' consideration how 
these prisoners should be maintained in case they were 
continued here, unto which I have not received any answer. 
I have nothing upon my hands for their support, nor am I 
able to give them credit. All the money and credit that I 
am able to make, is employed upon the repairing and fortifying 
of this place by his Grace's order intimated unto me from 
the Lord President, and from the General of the Ordnance. 
I therefore desire the favour from you to recommend unto his 
Grace the removal of the prisoners from hence, for which I 
could offer many reasons, too tedious to insert, and needless 
because I know they will easily occur. 

Sir, I likewise received by this post a letter from his Grace 
and the council, directed to the Mayor, Sheriffs and commonalty 
of this town, concerning Doctor James Vaughan, warden here, 
which I shall take care shall be dutifully obeyed. Sir, my 
Lord President having been lately here (who is yet in the 
Province) hath exempted you from my importunities. It only 
remains that I beg the continuance of your favour in presenting 
my most humble duty unto his Grace, who hath not in the 
world a more faithful devoted creature than, Sir, your most 
affectionate and most obliged humble servant. 

Endorsed: — Colonel John Spencer. Eeceived 13th July, 
1666. 

Major Robert Edgeworth to Sir George Lane. 

1666, July 10. Sligo. — ^You had had a return to yours 
of the 3rd instant by the last post but that an indisposition 
seized on me, and that I hope will obtain your pardon for 
that omission (which I cannot admit to be one, considering 
the quality of my distemperature). This carries only the 
enclosed according to your commands in your last, and my 
service according to my duty. I beg a second pardon of you for 
the trouble of laying before you a grievance, which is this: 
I have not this twelve months day received anything of my 



238 

personal salary but 442 or thereabouts as I take it, which my 
agent, Mr. Eichard Barry, can more fully inform you of. 
Kow why I should be postponed alone of all the officers of 
the army, I know not; the plea only, as I understand, that 
the general officers (in that capacity they account me) are 
likewise in arrears ; but that is quickly answered, for they 
are paid in double capacity as Captains and Governors, I 
only in one, and how I can subsist, having the charge of 
wife, children and family, you yourself are a competent jtidge. 
I am so much a soldier, and a loyal one, that I did scorn 
to complain (though sad my case) when murmurings were 
rife amongst the soldiery, but now to give you Scripture for 
it, doth not the ass bray when he wanteth fodder? Mutato 
nomine de me fabula narratur. Sir, I am confident neither 
His Majesty's nor his Grace's intention ever were that I should 
be thus postponed. The soldiers under my command have 
their assignments come to them, but mine not. What Sir 
Dan. Bellingham meaneth I know not. I shall humbly 
beg the favour of you to reason the matter with him (this is 
but my presumption upon your wonted patronage of me), 
and if he will not, as in justice he ought to, equalize me 
with the rest of the army, according to my quality^ that you 
will be pleased to lay my condition at his Grace's feet, by 
his commands to receive some relief. My Lord President, 
my Lord of CoUoony and all the officers here about will, I 
doubt not (without being a trumpet to myself) speak my 
constant attendance on my duty in my garrison. I have myself 
naught else to say but once again to tell you the condition 
is sad of, Sir, your most faithful servant and affectionate 
cousin. 

Endorsed: — For His Majesty's service, haste, haste, haste. 

Captain John Bramston to Sm George Lane. 

1666, July 14. Athlone. — According to your commands 
I have here enclosed sent you an account of the debts due 
to the inhabitants of this town for the Dutch prisoners, which 
amounts to 98/ 19^. 4d. , whereof I received by assignments 
on Mr. Handcock 30J O*. Od., so that there remains 68i 19^. 4d. 
My humble request is that you would effectually endeavour 
their speedy payment, they being very indigent poor people, 
and I standing engaged to them for satisfaction. 

Postscript : — I have inquired among the Dutch prisoners here 
and can find none will own any skill in draining grounds, or 
the like work. 

Thomas Bedborough to Sir George Lane. 

1661, July 21. Kilkenny. — After I received the safe conduct 
for Costigan and Dugan, I could not meet with them until 
the fourth of this instant, and since I was myself and a 



239 

party of horse with me looking after the Tories for the space 
of eight or ten days. They are separated, some into the 
County of Kerry and some into the County of Cork, but 
I seized on some of them that were relievers of the Tories, 
and are now bound over at Clonmel. But if they might have 
another safe conduct for thirty days longer, they will engage 
their lives that they will find them out, provided they may have 
a party of horse with them to secure the bringing of fchem in. 
This I shall leave to your Honour's consideration what may 
be done in it, for I find the men means honestly for what 
they have undertaken, for they have made themselves 
sufficiently odious to the country, for two of those that is 
gone into the County of Cork, are as well mounted as any of 
the army, and was in sight of them myself, but could not 
reach them by reason of the great woods being so near them. 
Having no more at present but that the men stayeth out 
of the way, they not acting anything until they hear from your 
Honour what may be done in the thing for a safe conduct. 

Major John Love to Sir George Lane. 

1666, July 24. Kinsale.— Yours of the 20th I did receive 
with a letter enclosed unto Captain Eobert Hooper of the 
Harp frigate. Sir, I am informed that he went as a convoy 
yesterday with some vessels from Youghal unto Minehead, 
but I shall take care to send the letter to Youghal against 
his return. About two posts since I did receive a letter 
from you directed unto Captain Jasper Grant of the Sapphyre 
frigate, but he and six men of war more were gone the day 
before for to convoy the two fleets that were here for England, 
and they are not yet returned. When he comes into this 
harbour or any other in these parts I shall deliver or send 
the letter safe to him. Sir, just now here came in two 
ships, the one from Plymouth, the other from Swansea. 
Both the masters told me that all our fleet went to sea on 
Sunday was sennight last, and that all the Dutch fleet are 
all sailed towards Holland. Sir Eobert Byron left this place 
on Wednesday last for Limerick ; he has put this fort in a 
reasonable good posture of defence. 

Col. Richard Grace to Sir George Lane. 

1666, July 27. Breaghmoe. — Here was James Dugan with 
me the other day, who had a safe conduct and was then out 
to three or four days. He begged of me to be a solicitor for 
him and to get him a pass to quit the kingdom. I desire 
that you may be pleased to acquaint his Grace with it, and 
if he consents to give him w-ay to be gone out of the country, 
to send him a pass to that purpose; if this may not be, to 
send him a safe conduct for some time, if you think it fit, 
for I promise you when I looked upon the youth's sweet 



240 

countenance, T had compassion of him, and when I began to 
tell him of his folly, he wept bitterly, and I think if he were 
aboard some of the King's ships, it were a very proper place 
for him. It. was his unlucky sister that brought all this 
unhappiness upon him. 



Sir Bobbrt Bybon to Ormond. 

1666, August 3. Galway. — My stay at Einsale in obedience 
to your Grace's commands to put that place into the condition 
the consequences of it well deserves, kept me the longer from 
this place, yet with that care of it that I sent the Lieutenant 
of the Ordnance before me to put things in that order that 
the season of the year might not prevent us. The Governor 
hath used such diligence that I find all that I am appointed 
to do in reparations, is almost performed, but that only 
concerns the inward strength of this place but nothing to 
that without, which, as I conceive, is now chiefly to be 
looked upon. I was of opinion that this place had been of 
that strength which reputation gave it, but having had more 
time now than when I first saw it, I conceive it of no strength, 
as it now is, but capable of being made as strong as any place 
may be, according to the allowance, more or less, but a small 
matter will not do it. This hath already been represented 
to your Grace by the Governor, and the list of the ordnance, 
before my coming hither, and therefore I shall forbear to 
repeat the same thing in all particulars, with my humble 
submission to your Grace's pleasure, what you shall think fit 
to do herein, and until your Grace shall find it fit to take 
this into your consideration, I shall employ my allowance to 
the best advantage of His Majesty's service, as I am confident 
will be seen w^hen your Grace shall view Einsale, which I 
dare say is stronger than ever it was since it was a fort, and 
brought to that upon as little charge as any such hath been. 
If your Grace shall not be pleased to make any more allowance 
to this place, I shall soon make even with that, and set myself 
to the care of other places. I have put almost a thousand 
fire-arms afixing that I found in the stores more than was 
returned to me, for which I had allowance, but in this I 
conceive it is your Grace's pleasure to fix all I can meet withal, 
which I have set adoing. 

James Buck to Sir George Lane. 

1666, August 7. Moor Park. — Mrs. Humes is now at a new 
well, fourteen miles from Oxford, in Northamptonshire, called 
St. Eumbale's well, cried up by famous Dr. Willis of Oxford, 
who pretends he found in a manuscript written nine hundred 
years since, the place, the name and the virtues of that water. 
In brief it cures all diseases. It has already drawn a world 
of ladies to it, and persons of quality. 



•241 

Jambs Buck to Ormond. 

1666, August 7. Moor Park. — I received your commands 
of the 11th of July to attend your counsel in the business 
depending betwixt your Grace and the Earl of Middlesex, but 
having received the post before from Sir Nicholas Plunkett 
a letter relating to that affair, and being with Mr. Phillips 
about it, we found my Lord Chief Baron was gone his circuit, 
and nothing to be done in that till his return, which will not 
be till the next term. 

Your Grace's letter to Sergeant Maynard I shall keep till a 
fit time to deliver it, for if done unseasonable, both fees and 
instructions may be forgotten, b»t to free your Grace from 
troubles, I have given Sir N. P. a further account, as I 
have her Grace, of this place and of the conveniency of my stay 
here till the spring, if your Grace upon these considerations 
thinks it fit. My Lord of Ossory has stored himself and his 
friends very well this year, I think with the fattest venison 
in England from hence, yet I am confident youx Grace will 
have five hundred deer in it this winter. Here are two pied 
fawns, and as all believe, two the finest colts that have been 
seen, by bay Orrery and the fleabitten [mare] , they being both 
now in foal by the horse your Grace gave Mr. Phillips. The 
summer being so very dry, w^e continue watering the trees. 
About sixteen hundred thrive very well and past danger, and 
I fear about three hundred may fail, but the fence and the 
mole being in the place, they are easily recruited, and they 
make me believe, who never had much experience in it, that 
'tis a very great standing in one year. I have reduced the 
\vhole expense of the place to forty shillings a week, which 
shall keep it as it is, and daily do something to the finishing 
of that large ground, the kitchen garden, but without your 
Grace's positive commands nothing more to be undertaken. 

SiB Henry Tichbornb. Concerning the Surrender of his 

Office of Marshal. 

1666, August 9. — My Lord of Dungannon several times by 
others and once by himself treated with me about the surrender 
of the place I hold in the army, whereof his Lordship hath 
the reversion, and to accept a recompense from him for my 
present interest, which at last upon several considerations 
I assented to, and demanded JE2,000, but afterwards descended 
to accept of £1,900 to be paid in one extra payment, and 
until that were done I w^ould remain in possession of the place 
with all manner of advantages belonging unto the same. 
£1,400 his lieutenant offered me, which I refusing, not long 
after received a letter from him, wherein I conceived he was 
willing to embrace my proposition , and thereupon sent my son 
to see said money told, and that upon notice of it I would 
instantly repair to Dublin and perfect the agreement ; but there 

Wt. 8878 p 



242 

fell out some breach between them, which I suppose was on 
my Lord's part, for I then was and am still ready on the 
receipt of £1,600 in hand to surrender my interest in the 
plan required. 

Jambs Buck to Obmond. 

1666, August 18. London. — The enclosed from the 
Governor and Court for the Canary Company will so fully give 
your Grace their sense, that there needs no repetition, they 
having all very earnestly desired me to assure your Grace that 
if you will at any time by myself or any other, let them receive 
your Grace's commands as to the particular of the Canary 
wine, your Grace and the world shall see the advantages they 
will make out to your Grace by their proceedings, and I 
humbly conceive their proposition for so much the pipe, your 
Grace being before stinted as to the number in one vessel, 
will be very certain and add to that particular income. These 
gentlemen do much complain of their agent. One of his 
errors I undertook to destroy, who wrote to them that there 
was no way possible to gain your Grace's favour towards them 
but by their complying in those articles. The ill effect this 
business takes at first, I hope, will not bar your Grace's 
further commands to, your Grace's, etc. 

Dr. John Parry* to Sir George Lane. 

1666, August 28. Dublin. — Although your occasions were 
so severe as not to permit you to take a view of that garden 
in St. Bride street which lies near the concerns of which you 
seemed to desire the refusal, yet my respects command me to 
give you notice how things stand that so accordingly you 
may act as you think fit therein. I have had a draft made 
of the ground and a model for tenements to be built thereon , 
and find that there will be about 360 foot in all to be built 
upon according to our model (which many doth approve of). 
There are already some chapmen desirous to take it. I am 
offered for my interest in that piece of ground by some (who 
would take it in gross altogether) fifty pounds a year clear, 
the church rent 81 per annum being also discharged, and some 
small fine, but I have refused that offer upon this consideration, 
that by setting the ground by parcels to several men by the 
foot I can get, as I am informed, and as some already offer 
five shillings a foot, which will amount unto above fourscore 
pounds a year, which if compassed will be a pretty handsome 
income towards the maintenance of some relations in case it 
should please God to take me away. I do desist from 
concluding with any, until I hear from you, which I desire 
may be with the first, that so the time for building may not 
be wholly slipped over, and I heartily wish I were in a capacity 

• Dr. John Parry, afterwards Bishop of Ossory, was at this time Dean of 
Christ Church, Dublin. 



248 

to testify the acknowledgment of those obligations which are 
due unto you from me by somewhat more than by tendering 
unto you the bare refusal of this place ; and I know you are 
too generous and noble to desire anything more (as things 
at present stand with me, there being nothing else left for 
me to dispose of to the benefit of my relations in case I should 
die), and therefore I do desire (in case you think it fit) that 
you will be pleased to empower Alderman Tighe or any other 
by letter of attorney from you to conclude with me either for 
all or as much of that ground as your convenience will require, 
which I beg may be with what speed you can, that so 
accordingly I may act with some chapmen who daily expect 
my answer to their proposals. 

Fbancis Blacewell to Sib Geobgb Lane. 

1666, September 8. Ballaghmore, Queen's Co. — Since my 
last I have not had any material matter for to acquaint your 
Honour withal , for ever since I have been very diligent both in 
the Queen's County, where my garrison is, and in the King's 
County, and in the County of Tipperary, but the Irish of the 
country are all so generally inclined to the concealing of the 
Tories, that it is a very hard and difficult matter for to get 
any account of them ; but the Justices of the Peace and the 
gentlemen of the country have manifested very much readiness 
and willingness for the serving of the soldiers with what may 
be necessary for the garrison, and also their assistance toward 
the finding out of the places and residences of the Tories, 
but they having so many friends and acquaintance in the 
country, so that I cannot do any good on them as yet, but I 
hope I may be able for to give your Honour a further account 
of them before many weeks are ended, if it may be his Grace's 
pleasure not for to grant any conditions to any of them upon any 
account, for I have followed them so close ever since my coming 
here, that they do not know well where to abide, and they 
are improving all the friends that they can for to get conditions 
for them ; and if that they get it, all my former labour and 
charge will be lost, that I have been at concerning spies and 
other needful charges thereunto belonging, for I do not doubt 
but by God's assistance for to bring in either their heads or 
their bodies very shortly. 

John Shadwell* to Sm Geobgb Lanb. 

1666, September 11. Dublin. — I beseech you do not put 
me out of credit with you or think I am breaking because I 
run further in debt before I have cleared off my old score with 
you. Sir, this comes to beg your favour to procure my Lord 
Lieutenant's recommendatory letter to the town of Gal way 
for my election to the Eecorder's place for the ensuing year, 
I having enjoyed it this present year, of which though I make 

* Father of Thomas Shadwell, the poet-laureate. 



244 

no great doubt (being sure of all the honest men there) yet 
yom- friendship will put it quite out of doubt and make me 
secure for the future, and I am advised to it by all my friends 
there. The election is upon Michaelmas day, and therefore 
I must humbly beg your despatch in it by the next post that 
I may send it down timely thither. 

There are many fanatics in the town whom I have much 
displeased, and they may possibly take an opportunity to lay 
me by and elect one who hath lately headed them to the 
insolency of slighting my Lord Lieutenant's letter on behalf 
of the warden, of which I have since made them sensible. 

Sir, the arrears for the bridge of Ballileague were quickened 
up very much this circuit, and, the bridge in so much 
forwardness as the Judge, etc., walked over it, and I took 
upon me as one of the Corporation of Lanesborough to attend 
the Sovereign and Bailiffs to the middle of the bridge to meet 
the Judge, and there was a treat in readiness at Rathcline for 
him, if his time would have permitted him thither. 

Sir, I pray, pardon my boldness and let me not miss your 
knowledge at this present, which with the rest of your favours 
shall be in the memory, prayers and perpetual thanks of 
your, etc. 

Sm William Domvilb to Ormond. 

1666, September 18. — I do further humbly crave leave to 
make known unto your Grace that in my attendance on His 
Majesty's affairs yesterday, I understood from Sir Paul Davis 
that the draft of a Proclamation touching the calling in of all 
charters which concern cities and towns corporate was sent 
hither by your Grace to be considered of ; upon perusal whereof 
Mr. Secretary desiring my assistance I told him amongst other 
things that I conceived that draft was framed to the great 
prejudice of my undoubted right as His Majesty's Attorney 
General, for that no Eoyal Charters granted to Corporations 
can be legally avoided by Quo icarranto at the prosecution of 
any of His Majesty's counsel but only of his Attorney General, 
and as he alone is by his office privileged to avoid them, so no 
other ought to inspect and examine them but he alone, and 
offer such exceptions, alterations and amendments as should 
be expedient ; and if that which is my peculiar right by Patent 
should be taken from me by proclamation, it would turn much 
to my detriment. I did therefore desire him to recommend 
this to your Grace, that it might be inserted in the proclamation 
that the said charters should be brought unto me without 
mention of any others of His Majesty's counsel. 

I humbly beseech your Grace to take this into your 
consideration and to give orders accordingly, for it is well 
known to be my undoubted right to inspect all charters and 
to offer such exceptions and alterations as shall be expedient, 
and I am fully assured your Grace v>'ill not suffer this which 



245 

is the peculiar perquisite of my office to be taken from me 
by the fabric of a proclamation. Indeed, my Lord, what 
by the injury of the times and the evil dispositions of some 
men I have suffered in this kind beyond any that ever laboured 
so long in my en^iployment, and I have none to appeal unto 
but your Grace, who I trust will consider me in my office with 
respect unto my royal master, and as your Grace's most 
obedient faithful servant. 

John Walsh to the Mayor of Clonmbl. 

1666. October 26. Dublin.— Mr. Mayor: Your letter 1 
received wherein you desire that I should prohibit my deputy 
seneschal from keeping a Court Leet within the precinct of 
Clonmel in the behalf of and by authority from his Grace 
my Lord Duke of Ormond, offering for a reason that you 
keep a Leet by prescription and charter, and that if his Grace 
claims his by prescription, you desire it may be proved. 
I have often heard and read that the lord of a manor may 
prescribe in a Court Leet to be held within the precinct of 
his manor, but certainly this is the first time that I heard 
a corporation to make title to a Leet by prescription unless 
it were in relation to a manor. 

You are pleased to say that a customary manor hath been 
held out of a manor, but a Leet out of a Leet was never 
yet reported. I must acknowledge my ignorance so far that 
I cannot understand this part of your letter, therefore shall 
leave the construction of it to such as you please further to 
advise with and shall state the case as it is. It will clearly 
appear to be thus. My Lord Duke of Ormond and his 
ancestors and those whose estates they had, are and were 
lords of the manor of Clonmel, and by good title kept their 
Courts Leet and Baron there. The burgesses held all their 
burgagery lands as of that manor, as all those of Kilkenny 
hold of the Castle of Kilkenny, those of Callan from the 
Manor of Callan, those of Gowran from the Manor of Gowran, 
and those of Knocktopher, Inistioge and Old Eoss, being all 
burgageries, held of the same manors. All pay their chief ries- 
as Clonmel does, and the courts kept in the towns without 
contradiction, and yet all these have Leets of their own. 
Clonmel obtained a charter by which they are to keep a Court 
Leet, and so have the corporations before mentioned. Must 
it therefore follow that the Lord's Leet shall vanish? 

I doubt he that is of this opinion may as well make you 
believe that a Court Baron neither can be kept there, notwith- 
standing that it is an incident inseparable to every manor. 
And to say that you cannot inform yourselves of any Court Leet 
to have been held there at any time, no more I believe do 
you hear of a Court Baron to be held. Must it therefore 
follow there shall be no sucli Court? It is true that a 
non-user may in some cases destroy a prescription, but not 



246 

a grant or incident. Upon the whole matter I must crave 
your pardon in not subscribing to your request, which so much 
and so apparently might tend to his Grace's prejudice in his 
right interest, and may render me guilty of breaking the trust 
reposed in me, being ready in any other justifiable way to 
manifest myself. 

Endorsed: — [A draft letter only]. 

LoBD Kingston to Obmond. 

1666, October 30. Elphin. — ^By your Grace's former 
permission to leave this province, when I conceive it might 
not prejudice His Majesty's service, I humbly take the boldness 
to begin my journey now towards Kilkenny with hopes of 
kissing your Grace's hand there towards the latter end of the 
next week. 

I have not been able by all the skill and interest I have, 
to apprehend Dudley Costello. His great care to prevent any 
mischief that might happen to his countrymen hath obliged 
them to at least prevent his taking, and without them 'tis 
as impossible to cast him as a wolf. I have appointed Sir 
Art. Gore's company and part of Captain Deey's so to quarter 
in Costello and Gallan that 'twill be very hard for him to 
continue long in those quarters, and I think his interest in 
other parts of the province so inconsiderable that he cannot 
be sheltered elsewhere. I have sent a commission to Sir 
Fr. Gore to command as he shall see occasion those several 
companies, which with his own lying at Fort Dillon may 
make a good party or two, if his or my spies be so true to 
us as to set Costello or any of his party for him. This is 
all I have been able to do to secure those quarters from that 
so much talked of Tory, and this I am confident will be enough 
to keep the country from prejudice, though perhaps not from 
clamour. 

Draft of a Letter relating to the Capfain of Lough 

Nbagh. 

1666, November 1. -^Whereas it appears by Letters Patent 
bearing date the 2nd of July, in the sixteenth year of the reign 
of our grandfather of blessed memory King James of England, 
France and Ireland, and of Scotland the one and fiftieth, which 
said Letters Patents are enrolled in our High Court of Chancery 
in our kingdom of Ireland, that for and in consideration of 
the good and faithful service done and performed by Sir Hugh 
Clotworthy, knight, who was captain of the boats on Lough 
Neagh, one annuity or pension is granted during the lives of 
the said Sir Hugh and his son John Clotworthy (late Lord 
Viscount Massereene) as by the said Letters Patent and the 
letters under the signet of our said grandfather, bearing date at 
Westminster the three and twentieth day of March, in the 



247 

fifteenth year of his reign, and enrolled in our High Court 
of Chancery of Ireland may more at large appear ; and whereas 
John, late Lord Viscount Massereene, by the name of Sir 
John Clot worthy, knight, was captain of the barque and boats 
on Lough Neagh, as his father had been in Queen Elizabeth 
and King James' time, as appears by his commission, and 
there was appointed fifteen shillings per diem for himself, 
his lieutenant four shillings, the master four shillings, master's 
mate two shillings, master-gunner one shilling sixpence, two 
gunners twelvepence apiece, and forty men at eightpence per 
diem apiece. 

And whereas we have been graciously pleased by our Letters 
Patent, bearing date the 2l8t of November, in the twelfth 
year of our reign, to create Sir John Clotworthy Baron of 
Lough Neagh, and for default of heirs, male, to descend to 
Sir John Skeffington, baronet (now Lord Massereene), as by 
the said Letters Patents may more at large appear; and 
forasmuch as it hath further pleased us to grant the said 
Lough with the fishing, the bottom and soil thereof to the 
said Lord Viscount Massereene, as by our Letters Patents, 
bearing date the 15th of November, 1660, may appear. 

And forasmuch as the usefulness of that service on the said 
Lough, wherein the said Sir Hugh Clotworthy, knight, and 
John, late Lord Viscount Massereene, were employed, is 
manifest by the influence of the boats on this Lough upon 
the counties and places adjacent, and that a line of 
communication may be most usefully held, and in former 
times has been maintained and considerable service done by 
transporting men, etc., by the boats and barques upon the 
said Lough, between the garrison of Antrim and all that part 
of the country to Mountjoy and Charlemont, and divers other 
places bordering upon and near the said Lough, which is 
surrounded by the counties of Antrim, Down, Armagh, 
Tyrone and Londonderry, as by the annexed paper may appear ; 

And to the end so great an advantage may not be lost in 
case of any trouble in that part of our kingdom, where in 
the late rebellion and in former times there has been so 
great use made of the said Lough, we are graciously pleased 
to appoint, and it is our will and pleasure that Letters Patent 
under the great seal of that our kingdom of Ireland (or a 
commission) forthwith pass to our right trusty and well 
beloved John, Lord Viscount Massereene, constituting him 
captain of the said Lough and commander of the boats and 
barques that are or shall be built thereupon, in as large and 
ample manner as the said Sir Hugh or Sir John Clotworthy 
had been formerly; and that for the same service he shall 

have and a lieutenant' and ^men at 

per diem; he, the said Lord Viscount Massereene, 

building at his own proper cost and charges a barque with 
all manner of sails and rigging suitable, as big as conveniently 



248 

may be to sail upon the said Lough, to carry guns, and upon 
all occasions to be ready for His Majesty's service, for the 
transporting men, ammunition, and what shall be necessary 
to such parts of the said counties as border on the said Lough. 

And that he have always men in readiness fit 

for that service, and have other less boats that for moderate 
wages may be in any time of danger ready also for the said 
service to carry men or otherwise. 

Endorsed : — Draft of a letter, the copy of which was left 
with my Lord Lieutenant Ormond, and another with Secretary 
Page, about the 1st of November, 1666. 

Chables Whitakeb to Sm Gbobgb Lane. 

1666, November 1. Windsor. — There is a young man in 
Ireland who calls me father by good right and leave to do 
so now, being returned to himself and those duties from which 
he formerly strayed. After he had like to shipwreck by 
occasion of bad company and counsels, he was cast upon your 
coasts, where necessity became his cook and caterer for some 
time, and his trade and hands his best friends. To employ these 
to the proper ends of living and thriving he took a shop upon 
the stock of his own credit in Castle street in Dublin, and 
there (if report hath not abused me) lives inoffensively to all 
men, industriously for himself, but yet under the implacable 
enmity of Alderman Quelch (one of the same profession he 
was bred to), who possibly from that consideration and the 
sway he bears of an oflScer in the city, denies this stranger 
all conditions of peace, offers him unhandsome affronts, and, 
as I am informed, abets others to it, to make the place uneasy 
and intolerable to him. I shall refer you for particular 
instances of his ill usage to my son's relation, if your patience 
and pardon will admit him an audience, and for the truth 
of all he will, I doubt not, be able to produce sufficient 
testimonies. Upon this presumption and to procure a truce 
at least from future disturbances, I shall make it my humble 
petition to you (as the only known friend T can hope to find 
there) that the young trader may be no less an object of your 
compassion and favour, in licitis et honestis, that his insolent 
neighbour makes him a fit subject for it, that standing so 
well supported and secured by your countenance in owning 
him, he may entertain his time and cares of a wife and family 
with better comfort and quiet. In giving such seasonable 
rehef to this afflicted stranger, you shall do a God-like action, 
and thereby not only oblige so inconsiderable a servant as 
the father is, to a most hearty acknowledgment, but also 
your good old father and friend Sir Edward Nicholas, his lady, 
and all that family to whom this despited creature stands very 
nearly related by his mother. For myself I shall hope from 
your wonted goodness that I am not yet forgotten in that 



249 

great distance wherein my humble fortune hath placed me 
here, and in confidence thereof take the freedom you have 
ever allowed me, to underwrite myself, Sir, your, etc. 

Addressed : — ^For my ever honoured friend Sir George Lane, 
knight, etc. 

Elyas Prbndbrgast to John Walsh. 

1666, November 7. Clonmel. — I wonder wherein I have 
deserved at the hands of those persons that are daily in their 
penning and words writing unto your Worship to put variances 
between you and me not deserved at any person's hands, 
for all the papers were delivered by your brother's own orders 
and directions upon the 29th of September last, my engagement 
cancelled and a receipt of receiving of them also unto my 
wife, and sithence all them received and the particulars here 
endorsed mentioned to your Worship. I thank God I never 
yet betrayed my trust to any persons that ever intrusted me, 
upon any reward nor never will, if the Turk did intrust me, 
unless it were against my conscience, but this world is for 
ever injuring and backbiting ; but I leave all in the 
hands of God. I beseech you, honoured Sir, amongst 
all your former favours and according your promise, to 
write from yourself unto his Grace's commissioners in my 
behalf whilst they are at Kilkenny. I have given them 
several briefs to be presented to his Grace and your Worship 
to be advised and considered of. I pray forget me not, and 
I will daily pray for you. I pray honour me with few lines 
of your pleasure ; with my love and daily service I leave you 
to God, in whom I rest your faithful servant and cousin, 

Elyas Frendergast. 

Delivered Mr. David Walsh the list as appeareth. 

1. The seven years leases, in number — 88. 

2. The rent rolls of Clonmel, 6th May, '59. 

3. An abstract of the survey of the burgagery, 1659. 

4. A copy of the rent roll of the town of Clonmel, 28th of 
June, 1660, with three warrants thereunto annexed signed 
by Mr. Thomas Bally, mayor, Robert Lovelace, and Richard 
Parrett, bailiffs then. 

5. A list of the quantity of acres in the Birg, with the names 
of such inhabitants as had then paid towards the depending 
the title. 

6. A warrant signed by the general meeting at Clonmel, 
the 20th of April, 1660, by the then mayor, bailiffs, free 
burgessess and commons of the said town then. 

7. The authority given by the mayor, bailiffs, etc., bearing 
date 25th of April, 1659, authorizing and enabling Colonel 
Sankey, John Booke, Tho. Bally, Esquires, to compound them 
in the Exchequer for the cabins and gardens. 



250 

8. The certificate of Bichard Denison to Captain Johu 
Harrison of his proportion in the suburbs, dated the 20th May, 
1661. 

9. Three several certificates signed by John Cooley, 
surveyor. 

10. An acquittance signed by George Derby for the receipt 
of 55^. sterling. 

Addressed : — ^These to his loving friend John Walsh, Esquire, 
Councellor in the Law, at his chamber at the sign of the Holy 
Lamb in High street in Dublin, present. 

Dbaft Appointment of Edwabd Habbis as Mabshal to the 

City op Dublin Mxlitia. 

1666, November 14. Dublin Castle.— By the Lord 
Lieutenant General and General Governor of Ireland. 

Whereas the Lord Mayor of the City of Dublin and other 
the commissioners of militia and array for the said city and 
county thereof, have the 10th day of October last certified 
under their hands, that at the first meeting of the said 
commissioners at the Tholsell, Dublin, for the putting of the 
citizens in array, they the said commissioners nominated, made 
choice of, and settled Edward Harris, Marshal of the said 
City of Dublin to be Marshal unto the said City Militia and 
to officiate as Marshal thereunto, executing the commands of 
them, the commissioners, and the lawful commands of the 
commissioned officers in the said militia, and we approving 
of their choice of the said Edward Harris for that employment, 
do by virtue of the power and authority unto us given by His 
Majesty, hereby nominate, constitute, and appoint the said 
Edward Harris, Marshal unto the militia raised or to be 
raised in the City and County of the City of Dublin aforesaid, 
giving him full power and authority to take upon him and 
execute the said place or office of Marshal according to such 
orders and commands as he shall from time to time receive from 
the commissioners aforesaid, or the officers of the said militia, 
in pursuance of and according to the power given the said 
commissioners and officers by their respective commissions. 
And for so doing this shall be a sufficient warrant and 
commission in that behalf. Given under our hand and seal 
of arms at His Majesty's Castle of Dublin, the 14th day of 
November, 1666. 

Countess of Pobtland to Obmond. 

1666, November 17. — ^You will find by His Majesty's 
reference upon my petition how willing he is to relieve my 
necessities, and I account my business done when I had 
prevailed so far by His Majesty to place it in your Lordship's 
power, whom I have ever found a great compassion towards 
me. My Lord, when you have considered the way it is put 
in^ I doubt not but you will find that it may be done without 



251 

the least prejudice to His Majesty, and with great kindness 
to me, when it is only the sparing of the sum of 2,000 pounds 
for awhile out of the treasury, which will certainly be 
reimbursed in a short time out of another fund to answer 
His Majesty's occasions, by which, my Lord, you will increase 
the obligations of her that is, my Lord, your Grace's humble 
servant. 

Endorsed: — Countess of Portland's. Eeceived 6th 
December, '66, at Kilkenny. 

SiE Henry Tichborne to Sm William Flower. 

1666, December 15 Donganstown. — A few days since the 
sheriff of this county placed Sir Thomas Esmond in the 
possession of the^bbey of Arklow, with the tithes and lands 
belonging unto the same, and likewise some parks, never 
for aught I can learn pretended unto but by certain friars, 
which thrust themselves into that Abbey in the time of the 
late rebellion, and by their own authority, whilst they continued 
masters in that place, took these parks with the rest and enjoyed 
them. I desire that my Lord Duke's and my Lady Duchess' 
grants of the lands of Arklow may be looked into, that if Sir 
Thomas Esmond be found to have any interest in the Abbey, 
he may not encroach or possess more than belongs unto him, 
and what directions I receive from you, shall carefully be 
observed by, Sir, your very humble servant. 

Donganstown, the 15th of December, 1666. 

Postscript : — Sir Thomas Esmond also challenges a freehold 
in the town, and makes choice of it at his own pleasure. 

James Buck to Ormond. 

1666, December 24. Moor Park. — ^I have at several times 
given Mr. Price an account of the horses left in my charge, 
not presuming to give your Grace that trouble, and that such 
horses that would have matched with those your Grace carried 
from hence might have been very reasonable the latter end 
of this summer, but I wanted both directions and money, nor 
could I justify the charge of keeping them at house without 
your Grace's order, our main work being finished. The horse 
I bought when your Grace was here proves very good. 
I bought another to him for 15/ 10s., which pair my Lord of 
Ossory did much desire, but having no other coach but that 
large one which your Grace left here, they were too small 
for that service and the streets. Your Grace may command 
them ; I am sure the colour is right, if they are not too low. 
I only keep three at house, the others are geldings which 
is at grass. I did the last winter and this feed the colts 
and mares at the lodge; the colts were housed, being that 
of the flea-bitten mare and bay Orrery ; they are already 
near 14 hands high. These two mares are now deep in ' 



252 

foal by the horse your Grace gave Mr. Phillips. The other 
flea-bitten mare which had the farcy when your Grace was 
here, I could never recover her. She and the old coach- 
gelding and mare, which went in the park lame and surfeited, 
died last winter. The little gray mare your Grace had with 
two horses that was my Lord of Muskery's, I kept at house, 
and became the finest mare I think in England for shape and 
pace. I intended to send her to your Grace, but one morning 
in the stable rising sprained herself, and being very tender 
fell into such pain that though I had three or four of the 
best farriers, I could not recover her. 

I have with the keeper taken the strictest view we could 
of the deer; we conclude them to be four hundred fifty odd, 
and we are confident this ground will well ^eep five hundred 
nine months in the year, for the new ground that was taken 
in does much improve, and as the winter falls out, so they 
must be provided for, so must for a lesser number. Out of 
this number your Grace may kill about forty bucks and tw^enty 
does every season, but after this next fawning time, ms^ny 
of the fawns must be disposed of to keep to that number. 
My care shall not be wanting whilst I have the honour of 
your concerns here, being confident your Grace is informed 
that my remove from hence at our Lady day next is thought 
convenient, and the reasons for it, though I should with the 
greatest satisfaction to my life, spend the rest of the time 
I have to live in your Grace's service, whose experience can 
best judge the commands I am fittest for. 

It would be a very great addition to my present condition, 
and a certain fortune for my children, if your Grace would 
be pleased to assign me out of your profits at Whitehall the 
400/ I paid for the Serjeant of the Ewery, which your Grace 
promised to repay, your Grace being pleased to say at that 
time you were in some want of money, which I did then borrow, 
having not a farthing in the world but what is in your Grace's 
hands, and what by your Grace's bounty I receive out of 
Ireland. 

Francis, Lord Aungier to Ormond. 

1666 [-7], January 11. Longford. — Your Grace's of the 
8th instant I have received, and in pursuance of the commands 
therein expressed I have written to the Commissioners of Array, 
and the respective officers of the militia of this county to meet 
me to-morrow, that I may communicate to tfiem the contents 
of your Grace's letter. I shall likewise ihis day despatch 
letters to the officers in the adjoining counties for the adjusting 
that correspondency your Grace commands us to have for 
pursuing the Tories, who at present are with their general 
withdrawn out of Leitrim towards the north, from whence 
if they return into our parts, I doubt not but your Grace shall 
have a very good account of them. 



253 

I fear that proportion of powder your Grace has assigned 
the militia of this county, will not be suflficient for service, 
for their allowance for horse and foot is but one barrel, without 
either bullet or match, and the fire-arms of the foot being 
all muskets, they will be of no use unless they have match 
and ball, in which I most humbly beg your Grace's order. 
What other commands your Grace shall please to lay upon me, 
shall with all faith and industry imaginable be obeyed. 



LoBD Power and Curraghmore to Ormond. 

1666 [-7], January 11. Waterford. — I am commanded by 
my Lord President of Munster to bestow a careful attendance 
on my command here in this garrison by occasion of the late 
alarm from the French. I have resolved to stand close to 
my duty, though the whole concernments of my estate be at 
present in danger to be picked away by parcels out of my hands 
by means of sudden orders from the Court of Claims, upon 
whom I cannot attend for defence of my just rights, by the 
present occasion of my necessary attendance here. I have not 
used to be very troublesome to your Grace in any solicitations 
for myself though I found your Grace's many favours, but 
the present necessity of making this request enforceth me to 
beg your Grace's assistance at present by your directions or 
letter to the Commissioners of Claims, that during my necessary 
attendance here on this command I may have a truce from 
their further proceedings against my estate, until your Grace 
be pleased to tolerate with my personal attendance on them 
to defend myself. This is the scope and effect of this present 

petition of, my Lord, your Grace's, etc. 

• 

Endorsed : — ^Lord Power. 



Sir Eichard Clifton to Ormond. 

1666 [-7], January 11. Wexford. — Your Lordship's 
proclamation commanding all ofl&cers to repair to their charges, 
was received yesterday and immediately effected, and having 
seen another letter from your Grace to the Mayor of Wexford, 
to be communicated to all officers concerned, I shall this day 
go to Eniscorthy and Ferns to meet with such officers of 
my Lord the Earl of Anglesey's troop, and of the militia 
forces of this county as may be found in their quarters, to 
put in execution your Grace's commands. But I hear Captain 
Parsons, that should command one of the militia troops, is 
in Dublin, and there is no captain for the other, and as little 
care taken of it, in that Sir Csesar Colclough declined it. Sir 
Nicholas Armorer told me he would move your Grace for a 
commission to Captain John Tench in Sir CaBsar's room, and 
likewise a commission for Major Thomas Ouseley to command 
a company of foot, there being but four companies yet raised 



254 

or arms received for, in regard the town of Wexford are willing 
(by your Grace's favour) to arm themselves on their own 
account and to that end have sent to Bristol for arms, so 
that if your Grace please, there will be six companies instead of 
five, and all at the same charge. The two gentlemen above 
mentioned were conceived by Sir Nicholas Armorer" and very 
many of your Grace's faithful servants to be very fit persons 
for this, service, and are nearest upon the sea side where is 
yet little or no provision made for defence, what need soever 
may happen. There was a galliote hoy that had lain within 
the bay of Greenore for the space of ten days, and being 
deemed otherwise than a friend, I sent to the gentlemen 
thereabouts to keep watch upon the shore, which w^as 
accordingly done. I endeavoured by two boats with three files 
musketeers and ten seamen in each boat to see what she was, 
but I found such averseness in the seamen dwelling in this 
town that I could not prevail with them at any rate to stir 
themselves or lend their boats, until I would first engage to 
satisfy their damages, if any were. But by the voluntary 
offer of the seamen of some English vessels, boats were sent, 
though not in that manner and time as I would have it done, 
wherefore the hoy, discovering the boats, weighed anchor and 
went to sea. 

Charon Fitzpatrick, the lay friar your Grace commanded 
me to apprehend, moves earnestly for liberty upon bail ; the 
other two I cannot yet light of. 

Except three or four days the next term your Grace should 
please to grant me liberty, I shall be constant in this town 
or county, still attending upon all occasions your Grace's further 
commands, which to the utmost of my power shall be faithfully 
observed and duly put in execution. 

Lawrence Parsons to Sir George Lane. 

1666 [-7], January 11. Birr. — I have received a letter 
of the 8th instant from his Grace the Lord Lieutenant, by 
which the militia oflBcers both horse and foot of this county 
are required to be in a readiness for fear of foreign invasion. 
Sir, for my own part, and I presume I may answer for the 
rest of the oflBcers of this county, we are all ready for His 
Majesty's service, but for the commonalty they are generally 
very poor and not able to mount themselves, nor are we 
armed, the stores not being able to furnish us. All that I 
have yet had for my troop hath been but fifteen carbines. 
The men I cannot complain of, but dare assure you that were 
they mounted and armed well, they would do as good service 
as any troop in this county. Sir, here hath been a report 
(how true I know not) that out of every county there shall 
be a troop and foot company enlisted into His Majesty's army. 
Sir, if there be such a thing I should take it for a very high 
honour if my Lord Lieutenant would think me worthy to 
command either for this county. 



255 

Postscript : — I have communicated my Lord's commands to 
as many of the militia officers and commissioners as I have 
met with, and I find them all cheerfully obey his Lordship's 
commands. 

Francis, Lobd Aungibr to Obmond. 

1666 [-7], January 15. Longford. — ^Having in my last 
assured your Grace of my endeavours in the execution of those 
commands I received in your Grace's letter of the eight instant, 
I esteem it now my duty to represent to your Grace both how 
far I have proceeded therein and wherein it will not be in my 
power to answer your Grace's expectations. 

As to the first part of the letter which concerns the militia 
of this county, I have consulted the commissioners and by their 
advice several places are fixed upon and appointed as the most 
convenient and secure for both horse and foot to draw into 
upon the first alarm » and ere this week be at an end I question 
not but we shall be in a posture to defend ourselves against 
intestine enemies. But besides places there are several other 
strong castles both in the hands of Protestants and Papists, 
which if possessed by an enemy (and they may be easily 
surprised, if a rebellion should happen) will be of great 
disadvantage to the good subjects of this county, who being 
few in number will be exposed to great danger by an enemy's 
nestling themselves in their bosom. And therefore as I am 
by the commissioners desired to offer this to your Grace's 
consideration, so I must humbly beg your Grace's commands 
in this particular. 

As to the other part of the letter, which relates to my 
corresponding with the adjoining counties, I have had a 
meeting with Sir Charles Hamilton for the County of Cavan, 
and he tells me that it is impossible to have those set meetings 
your Grace mentions observed by the militias, who being not 
constantly upon duty, and having little substance to maintain 
themselves, will neither be ready nor willing to answer sudden 
occasions. As for the militia of the County of Leitrim I have 
this day discoursed with the governor of Jamestown, who 
assures me the militia of that county is so far from being 
modelled that the officers know not their men they are to 
command, and if they did, they have no arms for them, but 
his own company though they have been very much harassed 
already by hunting after Costelloe, yet they are ready at an 
hour's warning to march upon the first intelligence of his 
coming again into those parts ; but I find by discourse with 
him that he wants ammunition, having had no supply since 
he came thither. To-morrow I expect to meet with Captain 
Mahon for settling a correspondency with the County of 
Roscommon, which I fear will be of little use for I understand 
the militia of that county is as much out of order as that 
of Leitrim. 



•25G 

By this your Grace will collect how little present service 
is to be expected from the militias of three counties, which 
nothing but a general rebellion or foreign invasion can rouse 
out of the security they now seem to lie in. But as for 
my correspondency with the officers of the standing army, 
I have so adjusted it that the Tories will find very hot quarters 
if they any more embody amongst us. If Sir Arthur Forbes 
waits upon your Grace at Dublin, he can more particularly 
acquaint your Grace as well of the condition of the Protestants 
of these parts as of the present humour and inclination of 
the natives, which is too long for the close of a letter, 
which T fear hath been already too tedious to your Grace. 

Col. John Gorges to Ormond. 

1666 [-7], January 22. Londonderry. — Hearing it hath 
been your pleasure to licence me to be Mayor of this 
Corporation, I shall study to perform that duty to the utmost 
of His Majesty's service. 

Since I received your Grace's permission to assure pardon 
to some offenders of the Tories or their adherents, I have 
endeavoured to procure a faction among themselves, and in 
part have done it, but I despair fully to effect it till they are 
put to some straits, which I hope they will be by your Grace's 
late order, which I have so pursued that in few days these 
counties intend, notwithstanding the badness of the weather, 
all to be in search after these rogues. What our endeavours 
produceth I shall presume to present to your Grace ; only my 
humble request is that you would please to pardon me that 
I have on this occasion delivered powder, match and ball to 
the militia of these counties for this service which hath been 
as little as possible the work requires. 

Francis, Lord Aungibr to Ormond. 

1666 [-7], January 22. Longford. — Your Grace's of the 
19th instant commanding me to put my troop in a readiness 
to march upon the first summons from my Lord President 
of Connaught I have received, and shall not fail to give your 
Grace the best evidences of my duty and regard to His Majesty's 
service when occasion offers itself. But I hope your Grace 
by commanding me now into Connaught does not intend to 
deny me that honour you were long since pleased to promise 
me of being either in your own or my Lord Ossory's regiment, 
unless your Grace will please to indulge me with the same 
favour I understand your Grace shows to some others, who are 
now endeavouring to advance their troops into regiments. 
I am not so great a stranger to myself as to be ignorant that 
want of experience in military affairs may reasonably be 
objected against my having so considerable a command, but 
I hope your Grace will judge charitably and believe that double 
care and diligence may not only make some amends but also 



257 

in a short time repair that defect. Whenever I am brought 
to the test, your Grace will find me as forward and willing 
to sacrifice my life and fortune in His Majesty's service as 
any subject whatever, and I will with confidence aver no man 
breathing shall appear more cordially and faithfully yours. 
I am not so vain as to value myself upon my own interest, for 
it is your Grace's favour and countenance that can render me 
and others significant in this kingdom. Yet whenever your 
Grace shall think me worthy of your favours and commands, 
I shall endeavour as soon to put myself into a condition of 
serving your Grace, as they who have already got the start 
of me. However I shall be contented to serve in whatever 
station your Grace shall please to place me, and will always 
believe that fittest, which your Grace shall determine to be 
so. 

Sir Stephen Fox to Sir George Lane. 

1666 [-7], February 2. Whitehall. — I received yours of 
the 15th November, which being only a reply to mine of the 
23rd of October, I did not think myself obliged to trespass 
upon you» time in troubling you upon that occasion ; since yours 
of the 29th of December is come to my hands, and that but 
this day sennight, I assure you, so that I am not to be blamed 
that my answer comes back to you no sooner. I herewith 
send you an account of his Grace's dues from the cofferer to 
the end of December last, it being three-quarters of a year 
from the last account I sent his Grace, a copy whereof I also 
send that you may see how the bond comes to be cancelled, 
and how all accounts did then and will now stand betwixt 
his Grace and your servant, and although I make myself debtor, 
yet I have not received assignments for above half the money 
which will be thereby paid, and by the end of March next 
I hope to receive assignments for the rest, so that his Grace 
may look upon it as money (without borrowing of me) to 
be disposed of shortly. As for an account of fees for warrants, 
it retarded my writing the last post in expectation of Sir 
William Borman, who hath not been in Court since my receipt 
of your letter, nor is there anything worthy your expectation, 
for there are but four warrants disposed of and these for 
removes or exchanges, of which I shall desire Sir William 
to give you an exact account. And now I am to give you 
my hearty thanks for your many so kind remembrances to 
me and mine, who are all in perfect health, and my wife 
is well up again of her sixth son John, who are all at your 
service, and she presents her humble service to my good Lady 
Lane, to which I join mine, and assure you none wish you 
health and happiness with greater earnestness and respect 
than. Sir, your most affectionate and most humble servant. 

Postscript: — ^When you have an opportunity of obliging 
my brother William with minding his Grace for a lieutenant's 
place, it will be of great advantage to him and of satisfaction 
to me. 

Wt. 8878 Q 



258 

I have not found myself capable of getting a penny of what 
is due from His Majesty's Exchequer here to his Grace as 
Gentleman of the Bedchamber, nor do I see any probability 
of it. However as an adventurer I shall presume to make 
a proposition, which at your leisure I desire you to let be 
considered by his Grace, and if the S,0O0l given to Mr. 
Marmaduke Darcy in the Act of Settlement may be got in 
any convenient time, then I think the proposition good. 
If not, still the money here being so very remote, I cannot 
blush to think this a very reasonable proposition, and if it 
shall be so thought with you, I shall be ready to make it 
good without ever repining or having any recourse to his 
Grace, although it should prove unsuccessful to me, and it 
cannot be successful in any short time, though probably in 
process of time when I shall happen to be desired to undertake 
some great payment I may also get this into my assignment, 
and if this proposition shall not be accepted of, I hope I shall 
not be suspected of being less zealous in the soliciting it 
when occasion serves than I have been and most truly ever 
shall be in his Grace's service of what concern soever it be, 
as long as I live. 

I beg a word in your next letter what likelihood there is 
of Mr. Darcy's being paid, if this proposition doth not take 
effect. 



Warrant for Commissioners of St. Andrew's Parish, 

Dublin. 

1666 [-7], February 6. Dublin Castle.— By the Lord 
Lieutenant General and General Governor of Ireland. 

Ormond. 

These are to will and require you forthwith to draw up a 
fiant in due form of law containing such a commission from 
His Majesty unto Thomas Pooly, esquire, John NichoUs, 
esquire, and William Crosse, gentleman, to be Commissioners 
for the Parish of St. Andrew in the City of Dublin, as in 
and by an Act of Parliament entitled an Act for Provision 
of Ministers in cities and corporate towns, etc., is directed, 
required and warranted, in all points giving, and by the said 
commission granting, unto the said Thomas Pooly, John 
Nicholls, and William Crosse, or any two of them full power 
and authority within the said Parish of St. Andrew, to do, 
perform, and execute all such act and acts, thing and things 
whatsoever as any commissioners in and by the said Act are 
empowered and authorized to do ; inserting therein all such 
other clauses, powers, and authorities, as in commissions of 
like nature are usual, and the same fairly engrossed on 
parchment under your hand to send unto us to be further 



259 

passed as appertaineth. For doing whereof this shall be 
your warrant. Given at His Majesty's Castle of Dublin, 
the sixth day of February, 1666 [-7] . 

To our trusty and well-beloved His Majesty's Attorney and 
Solicitor General, or either of them. 

G. Lane. 

Jambs Butler to Ormond. 

1666 [-7] , February 6. Munster in Westphalia.— Obliged 
duty and natural obedience forces me to presume that boldness 
in humbly offering to kiss your Grace's hand by these few 
lines, informing my indifferent good condition in his Grace 
the Lord Bishop and Prince of Munster' s army since my 
coming into Germany in July last, and served the said army 
a[8] General Adjutant, much respected and entertained 
contentedly, and now am commanded by Patent to be Governor 
or Commandant in Thefeght [?], a town of pretty strength 
bordering upon the Luneburgers' land, who is much suspected 
here to join with the Hollanders against us, if they can. 
They are reported to be ten or twelve thousand horse and 
foot. The Swedes' forces are drawing to a head near Breame, 
which town fears much to be blocked by them. The 
Luneburgers trusts them not, likewise mistrusting them as 
if the Swedes were to join with our forces, as we hope. 

The Duke of Brandeburg's agent, likewise the Duke of 
Brunswick's, was here at this Court very busy, as is conceived 
for the Hollanders. 

The King of France wrote to the States of Holland wishing 
them to fall upon some of our chief towns to besiege them, 
and in case they would not, sent directions to his commander 
of those French troops joined with the Hollanders, named 
Monsieur Brodell, to make an inroad upon and destroy our 
quarters. Yet they dare not venture, our forces being in 
such a ready posture, not only to prevent their incursions but 
also to make cavalcados into their quarters and going upon 
parties where always hitherto we had the best of them. 
Though our forces are reported by the contrary parties to 
grow weak and less in number, I assure your Grace the 
contrary. Where one goes, ten comes, and his Grace has 
many officers raising still men, both horse and foot. 

Here is a very gallant noble gentleman of a very good ancient 
estate, a Butler of Hessenland, raised a fair strong regiment 
of horse of mere affection to His Majesty our King, only as 
he says for the family's sake, who desired me to present in my 
letter his most humble service to your Grace, and very 
commonly remembers your Grace and whole family in Ireland's 
health. So doth the Bishop of Munster likewise, next after 
His Majesty's and the Duke of York. I beseech your Grace 
for the honour of the family to recommend me to this Prince 



260 

and Bishop, so well by His Majesty's as your Grace's letter, 
which will advance me in this service that I am resolved to stick 
into so long as His Majesty is therein concerned. If I had 
known when I took leave with your Grace at London, 
and got His Majesty's pass that I should engage in this war 
as I did, and had but your Grace's letters of credence or His 
Majesty's, I migUt have a good regiment long ago, but I 
hope there is no good time lost, and by your Grace's means 
procuring His Majesty's directions to the Bishop to that effect, 
I finding myself never better able to serve them now both 
by health, strength, and knowledge, and as well acquainted 
with the Dutch wars as any of themselves. 

Our army will be next spring twelve thousand foot and 
eight thousand horse, besides what alliance we hope for ; all 
Princes in Germany araising forces, every one in his own 
territory, so there is nothing over all but preparations of war, 
and scarce one trusts another, but in few weeks it will 
and must appear, and your Grace shall have an account 
of what I shall know from time to time, if your Grace 
pleases. I keep always correspondency with His Majesty's 
Resident at Hamburg, Sir William Swane, to whom 
I am beholding for his civil correspondency; and [he] 
promises to address my letters. I humbly take leave 
with the hopeful expectations of comfort from your Grace 
for the honour of the decayed family and dutiful servant, 

James Butler of Castlecumber. 
Endx)T8ed : — Mr. James Butler of Castlecumber. 



List op Judges' Circuits. 
Lent Assizes, 1666 [-7]. 

IThe Lord Chief Justice of the 
Common Pleas. 
Mr. Baron Kennedy. 

Ulster North West Circuit { gP ^""*°^ ,^*«°-, 

I Sir Jerome Alexander. 

Co^.»gh. Circui. { KnSk'E^Se. 

IThe Lord Chief Justice of the 
Chief Place. 
Mr. Justice Booth. 

Dated 8th February, 1666 [-7]. 

Endorsed: — ^The Judges' Circuits, Lent Assizes, 1666 [-7]. 

Beceived from my Lord Chancellor the 16th of March, 
1666 [-7]. 



261 

George Deyos to Col. George Lytton. 

1666 [-7], March 4. Waterford.— On Saturday last 
there came a letter from the President of Munster to the Mayor 
of this city, requiring him and three or four of the faithfullest 
of his brethren to come to Charleville with all speed to advise 
with his Lordship about passing a new charter, also that his 
Grace my Lord Lieutenant had given an order to the Attorney 
General in writing that he should insert such persons in the 
several corporations of Munster for Aldermen, Common 
Councilmen, Company of the Staple, and Freemen, as his 
Lordship should under his hand and seal send in a list to 
the said Attorney General. In order whereto the Mayor and 
two Aldermen, as soon as our assizes is past, which will be on 
Thursday next, go to Charleville. There is no man of 
discretion who knows the temper of the Mayor and those two 
of his brethren, which' are the two Boltons (both known to 
my Lord of Arran), that can expect any other than a list of 
knaves and fools to be incorporated here unless that list be 
perused and corrected at Dublin. I entreat you to acquaint 
my Lord of Arran with the contents hereof, and if you receive 
any commands from him, to impart them to him that is, your 
faithful humble servant. 

Petition of John Kelly to Ormond. 

1666 [-7] , March 6. — Humbly sheweth that whereas by orders 
of the Lords Justices of Assize for the Province of Connaught, in 
the year 1661, the sum of sixty pounds was applotted and levied 
in the County of Galway by certain persons appointed to receive 
the same, and the sum of thirty pounds was likewise applotted 
and levied by others in the County of Roscommon for and 
towards the building of a bridge at the ford of Garrura, upon the 
river of Suck, yet notwithstanding that the said respective sums 
of money was applotted and levied as aforesaid, the same 
was not yet laid out by the persons appointed to oversee the 
building of the said bridge, which brings an unspeakable 
damage and inconveniency upon the inhabitants of the said 
counties of Galway and Boscommon, and all other persons that 
during the whole winter season may have any occasion to 
travel from Leinster or Athlone to Galway, or from Sligo to 
Loughrea or Galway, backward or forward, this being the 
straight, nearest, and best way from them places, but altogether 
inaccessible in the winter time for want of making up the 
said bridge as was formerly ordered. 

May it therefore please your Grace to recommend it to the 
care of the now Lords Justices of Assize appointed for the 
Circuit of Connaught to bring such persons to an account as 
were formerly appointed to oversee the building of the said 
bridge, and that have received the moneys intended for it, 
and that their Lordships may take special care to have that 
public and necessary work go on, and that your Grace may 



262 

be further graciously pleased to send an absolute command 
for one John Martin, now dwelling in or near Kilkenny, who 
received by order of Cornet Michael Stanley the said sum of 
thirty pounds applotted in the County of Eoscommon for the 
said bridge, that he may appear at the now Assizes to be held 
at Roscommon to give an account of the said thirty pounds, 
which wdthout his appearance cannot be accounted for; and 
your petitioner will ever pray. 

Endorsed at foot : — 

Dublin Castle, 6th March, 1666 [-7]. 

We recommend it to the next going Judges of Assize 
for the Province of Connaught in their Circuit to inform 
themselves concerning the matter within mentioned, and 
to take such course therein as shall appear to be fit in a 
business of so public concernment. 

Ormond. 

Petition of Benjamin Henshaw to the King. 

1666 [-7], March 7. — The humble petition of Benjamin 
Henshaw, Major of the Island of Jersey. 

Sheweth : That your petitioner in the year 1663, did for 
a valuable consideration purchase of one, Thomas Warren, 
all his interest in a fourth part of a lot of lands containing 
3,500 acres lying in the barony of Iffa and Offa in Tipperary 
in Ireland, and a foui-th part of what lands should be by reprisal 
granted, in consideration of 488 acres taken out of the said 
lots, and after the said Thomas Warren, endeavouring to 
defraud your petitioner of his said purchase, your petitioner 
did at his great charge in law obtain a confirmation of his 
purchase by a decree in Chancery ; that shortly after your 
petitioner being sent by your Majesty to command as Major 
your Majesty's forces in the Island of Jersey, during your 
petitioner's absence there was inserted a proviso into the Act 
for the Settlement of Ireland, whereby it was enacted that 
if the assigns of Dike and Cunningham (from whom your 
petitioner derives his title) did not within forty days after the 
passing of the said Act make good their claim, all those lands 
in Ireland pretended to by Dike, Cunningham and their 
assigns as adventurers, should be forfeit to your Majesty, all 
which being but lately come to your petitioner's know^ledge, 
who by reason of his attendance on your Majesty's service at 
so great a distance, has been utterly disabled to act in the 
maintaining of his title, which as your petitioner is informed, 
is in great danger to be overthrown , w^hich would bie the utter 
ruin of your petitioner, who has laid out his whole estate in 
that purchase. 

Your petitioner therefore humbly begs that if it shall so 
happen that the said lands shall be adjudged to your Majesty, 
that in consideration your petitioner did at his own charge 



263 

serve your Majesty's father of blessed memory during all the 
war, for which he hath never received any recompense, and 
in consideration that your petitioner doth now with all 
faithfulness and diligence serve your Majesty in the quality 
of Major in the said Island of Jersey, for which he receives 
no other pay but as Captain of a foot company, your Majesty 
out of your princely generosity would be graciously pleased to 
bestow upon him that small parcel of acres he hath so dearly 
purchased. 

Endorsed at foot : — 

At the Court at Whitehall, March 7th, 1666 [-7]. 

His Majesty considering the hardness of the petitioner's 
case as here stated, and remembering the constant loyalty 
and affection he and his relations have all along presented 
to His Majesty and his late royal father of blessed memory, 
and particularly how usefully the petitioner now serves 
him in the command he bears, is pleased to recommend 
it effectually to his Grace the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland 
or other the Chief Governor there, to consider of the 
petitioner's pretensions in that lot, and the case appearing 
as he here states it, to give order he be gratified in his 
suit, if the whole remain in His Majesty's disposal ; which 
His Majesty will hereafter give such further warrant for 
as shall by his Grace be found necessary. 

Arlington. 

James Buck to Sir Georgb Lane. 

1665 [-6], March 12. Moor Park. — I render you many 
thanks for your concerns of my small affairs in Ireland, and 
though it is general that all fees will be reduced for the 
reason you mention, yet I hope by the multiplicity of Patents 
upon this settlement the office may be considerable to me, 
for out of that and the Clerk of the Market I have not 
received these two years one hundred pounds. You have 
heard that my Lord of Ossory, his Lady and company came 
safe to Moor Park the 3rd instant. This day with my 
Lord of Arlington they are all gone to London, where they 
will stay till other company be landed, and then for this 
place again. To-morrow I shall follow his Lordship, and 
then if there be any change worth your notice, you shall 
receive it. 

Postscript: — By the next I shall let my Lord and Lady 
know how kind you are. 

Petition of John Lovett to Ormond. 

1666 [-7], March 15. — The humble petition of John Lovett, 
Marshal of the Four Courts and Keeper of His Majesty's Gaol 
of Newgate. 

Humbly sheweth and discovereth unto your Grace that one, 
John Bruffe, a prisoner in His Majesty's Goal of Newgate, 



264 

long since condemned for murder, the last week wrote a letter 
to one, Mr. Fish, a Chirurgion, living at Lazy Hill, for to 
procure him, the said Bruffe, two ounces and a half of opium 
powder and a bottle of oil or water, and the said Fish not 
well knowing the effects thereof shewed the letter to one, 
Doctor Dorrell, who on Wednesday last sent word to your 
petitioner to have a care of the prisoners, upon which your 
petitioner sent William Cole, your petitioner's deputy, to the 
said Doctor Dorrell, who very honestly told the said Cole that 
the quantity of powder mentioned in the first letter would 
lay a hun(&ed persons into such a sleep that they should 
never awake, and that the bottle of oil or water mentioned 
in the letter would in four and twenty hours eat any bars 
or irons in pieces, upon which your petitioner hath examined 
the said Bruffe concerning the letter and what his intentions 
were, who hath confessed (although he at first denied it) that 
he did write the letter to the said Mr. Fish, and that he did 
intend to get a friend or two to come to the said Cole, your 
petitioner's deputy, to pretend some business to him, who 
was to send for a bottle or two of wine to drink with the 
said Cole and his wife, and they did intend to convey the 
said powder or so much thereof as they could with conveniency 
into the said wine, and if the wine should not agree with 
the palates of the said Cole, his wife and the turnkey, they 
did intend to send for strong waters or any other waters 
or liquors that any of them should best like and so to convey 
the powder into the cups or bottles, and the said Bruffe 
did confess that he had provided a pill to give a great mastiff 
dog which the said Cole kept in the prison for the better 
securing of the prisoners, and that the water or oil was to be 
applied to the bolts and bars of the prison ; and your petitioner 
further discovereth that he hath several times found aqua fortis 
with the said Bruffe and other prisoners ; and your petitioner 
further sheweth unto your Grace that there are several 
condemned persons lying in Newgate upon reprieves, and several 
other prisoners lately brought in for several heinous murders 
lately committed in and about this city, besides a great many 
notorious fellows who are always endeavouring to make an 
escape from your petitioner, notwithstanding your petitioner's 
constant care and watchfulness of them ; and your petitioner 
further sheweth and discovereth unto your Grace that after 
Bruffe had understood that his design was discovered, the 
said Bruffe wrote another letter to the said Mr. Fish to desire 
him to commit the former letter to the fire, which letter is 
come to your petitioner's hands, but your petitioner cannot 
get the first letter from the said Mr. Fish, which horrid 
design of the said Bruffe (had it taken effect) all the prisoners 
would have made an escape, and would have been a ruin and 
destruction to your petitioner and family and the sheriffs of 
this city, all which your petitioner thought in duty he was 
bound to give your Grace a true account of. 



•265 

And your petitioner humbly prayeth that your Grace will 
be pleased to take the premises into your Grace's serious 
consideration of the danger this city and your petitioner is 
in if so many great oflFenders should escape, and that 
your Grace would be pleased to take some speedy course 
for bringing .the said persons to their trials, that they 
may receive condign punishment for their great offences, either 
by granting a commission of oyer and terminer to such persons 
as your Grace shall think fit, or by any other means as your 
Grace shall think fit. And your petitioner as in duty bound, 
shall ever pray, 'etc. 

Endorsed at foot : — 

Dublin Castle, the 15th of March, 1666 [-7]. 
Let the within petition be presented unto us at our 
next sitting at the Council Board, where the same shall 
be taken into consideration , and such further order given 
thereupon as shall be thought fit. 

Ormond. 

Francis, Lord Aungibr to Ormond. 

1667, April 12. MuUingar. — Your Grace's dated the ninth 
instant together with the copy of Mr. Weaver's letter to my 
Lord Chief Baron I have received, and as soon as the Assizes 
of this county are over, I shall return to Longford and examine 
Nangle about the particulars contained in it. 

I have also received from my Lord President of Connaught 
a copy of Flanagan's examination, which agrees in the most 
material parts of it with Nangle' s, of which this use may be 
made, that thought it cannot in law be evidence against the 
parties named in it, because Flanagan is condemned, yet 
because it concurs with Nangle's testimony it will be a good 
inducement to a jury to credit Nangle, whose discoveries may 
yet be further confirmed by others, if your Grace will please 
to delay the pardon of some now in treaty, and particularly 
Thomas Plunkett, who is come in to Sir Theophilus Jones upon 
protection and promise to do service. This person was not 
only an eye-witness of those poor people that were murdered 
at Longford, but also privy to the whole design, and can 
inform your Grace of all those who were joined in the 
confederacy with Nangle. 

I find that James Nangle's not being tried this Assizes has 
much startled not only his fellows who betrayed him, but also 
the rest of their party in the County of Longford, whose 
villainous intentions had passed undiscovered if he had suffered, 
there being none so well able to give evidence against them as 
this fellow, who was Nangle's constant mercury, and sent 
by him upon all occasions with letters and messages to those 
who were joined with him in his rebellious designs; and I 
am confident it is for this reason they have charged him with 



266 

the murder of Deane, who upon his death-bed laid it upon 
Charles Roe Ferrall and Michael Cormicke. And James 
Nangle now charges Garrett Ferrall (the person who spoke 
with your Grace in Dublin), so that of those six to whom your 
Grace has promised a pardon, three of them are accused for 
killing Deane, and therefore if Plunkett were interrogated in 
this particular, from his confession your Grace might take a 
measure how far to credit Nangle in the rest of his examination. 

Ormond to Lord Anglesey. 

1667, April 13. Maddenstown. — ^I am heartily sorry so 
unseasonable and painful an indisposition forced you to write 
yours of the 6th instant in your bed, but I hope the season 
of the year will not let it continue long upon you. The 
discourse of money without placing it on an effectual fund 
will rather lose than get us credit, and unless it shall be speedily 
done, the army will not only want pay, but many preparations 
absolutely necessary at such a time as this must be omitted, 
and without the passports promised to merchants in the 
proclamation published by virtue of the King's letter, come in 
due time, much mischief instead of advantage may befall such 
as in confidence of them may furnish themselves with 
merchandise. I have therefore written to my Lord Chancellor 
in this time of your sickness to concern himself in the despatch 
of both, and your Lordship shall do well to employ Mr. Forster 
both to him and to Sir William Coventry. 

I am gotten hither to take some exercise and fresh air, 
and to-morrow I intend to make a further step to Kilkenny, 
but mean to be at Dublin, God willing, on the 18th instant. 
There your Lordship shall be sure that either no determination 
will be given to the doubt concerning valuation sent us by 
the commissioners, or such a one as your Lordship will have 
no cause to complain of. 

Endorsed : — A copy of a letter to my Lord of Anglesey. 

Thomas Amory to John Walsh. 

1667, April 15. Dingle. — I formerly advised the receipt 
of yours dated the 11th December last with return 
of thanks, etc., and missing the conveyance by my son had 
no opportunity till last week by Captain Henry Ponsonby, 
to whom [I] sent the copy of our charter to be delivered to 
your own hands. 

We had a later charter granted by King James but it is 
eaten (in the war time) by rats, and it is all the same in effect, 
only is added the forfeiture of all felons' lands and goods to 
the benefit and use of the Corporation. Pray present the 
enclosed address to his Grace, and to his pleasure and directions 
therein we submit, rendering as due the true manifestation 
of our love and service. And concerning your goodness to 
agitate for us we shall endeavour requital. In the interim 
pray advise us as needful. 



267 

Petition of Thomas Amory. 

1667, April 15. Dingle. — To his Grace the Lord Lieutenant 
of Ireland and Duke of Ormond, etc. 

Sheweth : Whereas your Grace is pleased to renew our 
Charter, have according to order sent the copy of it to Mr. John 
Walshe, humbly tendering these following articles may be 
added to our Charter, viz. : — 

1. None to be Sovereign without first taking the Oath of 
Supremacy. 

2. A. market every Friday weekly. 

3. Two fairs yearly, that is to say the 24th of June and 
the 30th of November. 

And although we are under a cloud of poverty at present, 
these privileges with future contrivance for building and 
encouragement for merchants, tradesmen, and fishing, as shall 
with your Grace's licence propose, it may with God's blessing 
have a flourishing Corporation as formerly. I leave the 
premises to your Grace's pious consideration, and shall as in 
duty pray for your Grace's good health and happiness, etc. 

Tho. Amory, Sovereign. 

Francis, Lord Aungier to Ormond. 

1667, April 20. Longford. — I have examined Nangle upon 
the particulars of Mr. Weaver's letter to my Lord Chief Baron, 
and I find him a stranger not 'only to Johnston and 
Armstrong, the persons mentioned in the letter, but also to 
all of Costelloe's party that w^ere at Longford. 

Two days since I received a letter from Captain Mahon giving 
me an account that three of Costelloe's men skulked and robbed 
in Slewbawne, of whom he can learn no certain intelligence 
because the person who discovered Owen McKenna to him 
has not yet been rewarded, by which others are discouraged 
that none will undertake to be his spy. 

Ormond to Earl of Anglesey. 

1667, April 20. Dublin. — As long as I find you able to write 
I may presume you are better able to read, and will not forbear 
to return answers to. such letters as I shall receive from you 
till I am assured you are come from London, which I wish 
you may be soon in condition to leave with a full despatch 
and in perfect health. Your Lordship's of the 9th I received 
at Kilkenny, and that of the 13th the day after I returned 
hither. The last (which I only find needful to answer) brought 
the eighteen passes from the Duke, with a promise that if they 
should be found too few or defective, that the number should 
be enlarged and the form mended upon notice. I have given 
one of each sort to one of the farmers of the customs to 
consider of them. When he shall hav« brought me the 



•268 

sense of merchants (who are to be most concerned in the 
validity of them) I shall send it your Lordship, and that I 
hope may be by this post. Some of my Lords of the Council, 
and of those such as best understand the law, are of opinion 
that the proclamation published here by warrant of the King's 
letter, though it is as full as the authority extended, will 
not warrant the exportation of wool to foreign parts, at least 
that it will not dispense with a high custom imposed by a 
law in Queen Elizabeth's days, without the payment of which 
the exportation of that commodity is made felony. So that 
though the merchants have upon the first issuing of the 
proclamation made large provisions of wool, yet the farmers 
will not permit them to export them without a licence from 
me, and my Lords of the Council, even those who think the 
proclamation will bear it, are not very ready to join in a 
Declaratory Act of State to that effect. Thus that concession 
of the King's which would doubtless bring in most ready 
money is like to become fruitless to us, unless we can have 
an express warrant from His Majesty for it or an authentic 
copy of the result of the debate at the council there in 
affirmation that it was intended, and whether this is fit to be 
desired, or if it should be obtained, sufficient authority, may 
be a question there and here. 

I am sorry the money hangs so long. If the treaty should 
end in a rupture, there is no doubt but our enemies are resolved 
what then to do, and if it should end in a peace, it may be 
feared our friends would not think the sparing so much to 
be so necessary, as I am sure we shall find it whatever happens, 
and therefore I doubt not but your Lordship will hasten the 
securing of it as much as your indisposition will permit you. 
The commissioners on their return and review of their business 
do not find themselves so near the end of their work as they 
thought they should be, nor will they find me disposed to ease 
them by undertaking the unthankful part by way of resolution 
to doubts. I have other affairs and better divertisements. 
God send you good health, good despatch, and a safe passage. 

Endorsed : — A copy of a letter to my Lord of Anglesey. 



Ormond to CoL. Edward Cookb. 

1667, June 15. Dublin. — George Lane being out of 
town I took the liberty to open several of the letters directed 
to him, and amongst them found one from you of the 8th 
instant, complaining you had not received your authority to 
command my keeper at Moor Park nbf the instructions I 
promised to send you. The order to the keeper he sent 
before he took his journey, and with this you will receive 
the instructions which do sufficiently imply authority and 
may give you divertisement you love. For the disposing of 
the deer this season you will need no other power or direction 



269 

than you carried with you. You know you may command 
all, and there are very few of my acquaintance that may 
not command some as far as the ground will bear. In fine 
you are proprietor and judge. 

I would not put the matter of the wood said to be sold 
by Buck into the instructions, but I wish you would know 
what James Clarke is able to say on the subject, and what 
proof he has of it, and then I will say more of the matter. 
I pray send me a particular account of that affair of Moor 
Park, and of what else you think proper to be known by 
your most affectionate cousin and servant, Ormond. 

Endorsed : — A copy of a letter and articles to Colonel Cooke. 

Eemembrancbs for Colonel Edward Cooke concerning 

Moor Park. 

1. To take a view of the Park, namely of the fence and 
plantations and drains, and of the stock of deer ; to give order 
for the rectifying of anything he shall find amiss, and proportion 
the stock so as that it may be preserved with most advantage ; 
to consider what trees are fit to be cut down for fuel or any 
other use, and to cause them to be marked, and that none 
other be felled upon any pretence whatsoever. To provide 
for supplying such trees as shall be felled, or of those that are 
failed in the plantation, to which purpose it will be best to take 
James Clarke with him, that the keeper, gardener, and he 
may advise of the best means of doing all things proposed in 
due time and at the best rate, giving to each of them his 
proper charge. 

2. To look upon the meadow grounds, and give order for 
anything he shall find fit to be done for the preservation or 
improvement of them, to consider whether the gardener and 
keeper may not see it done without the taking of any other 
overseer or bailiff, there being not work enough for such a 
person separate from them. 

3. To look upon the gardens, and to advise Mrs. Eyves 
how best to deal with gardens for the constant keeping in order 
and the improvement of fruit plantations, and all, if it may be, 
at a constant settled rate. 

4. To look upon my mares and colts there, to give order 
how they shall be tended, to take any of them away which 
he shall not judge to be worth the keeping, and to dispose of 
them as he thinks fit ; to get an honest fellow to look to the 
colts, when it shall be fit to take them to house. 

5. Lastly to make as certain a computation as may be of 
the whole charge of that place, as to all things without doors, 
and to the repair of the house, to which end James Clerke and, 
if need be, workmen will give good assistance. 



270 

Major John Love to Sir George Lane. 

1667, June 18. Kinsale. — I think it my duty for to acquaint 
his Grace and yourself with anything that I find in my 
conscience that do derogate from His Majesty's service. Sir, 
this is for to acquaint you that there is one, Knight, that belongs 
to the post house in Dublin, that wrote a letter this last post 
to one, Burrowes, of Kinsale, how that the East India ship 
that is in the river of Limerick with three of the King's 
ships that was her convoy, were all taken by the Dutch. 
The news struck a great amazement to all the merchants and 
seamen in these parts. Sir, this is to acquaint you that 
the ship is not taken nor no enemy appeared there, but I 
do understand that this Knight was bred in Holland and a 
Cromwellian all along, and 'tis possible if you send some 
cunning men for to search his house and study, they may 
find some papers that may discover some roguery. I suspect 
him the more by reason all the Pfanatiques in these parts 
cry him up to a very honest man. 

Major James Dennis to Sir George Lane. 

1667, July 1. Wexford. — In my last I acquainted you 
with your brother's sickness. I am now the unhappy 
messenger of reporting his death. God being pleased to 
take him out of this world, he departed this life on Saturday 
at night last about twelve of the clock. In the time of 
his sickness he was very penitent and called much upon God and 
desired the prayers of the church, and sent several times 
for Mr. Gilliner of this place, minister, to pray with him, 
which was performed, and likewise desired him to preach his 
funeral sermon. He was very handsomely buried, Sir Richard 
Clifton, myself. Major Poulden, and several other gentlemen 
carried him to the church, being attended by the best of 
the town and country hereabouts, also with our two companies 
of foot ; all the officers and several other friends had mourning 
ribbons, the pulpit, coffin, and drums being in mourning. 
After the sermon was ended w^e carried him to that church 
which he desired to be buried in, where he was inhumed. 
After three volleys of shot we left him, where he rests in 
peace. Sir, whilst he was in his perfect senses he sent 
for me, Mr. Gilliner, and one, Mr. Hughes, an attorney, 
whom he desired to make his will. He made Mr. Nixon 
his executor. Sir, I verily believe that all the pay that he 
is mustered for will not discharge his debts, funeral and other 
contingencies, an accompt of which cannot at present be given. 
I shall at all times be ready to answer your commands, and 
I question not but you will continue your favour and friendship 
to him that is, etc. 

Postscript: — Sir, I received yours as the minister was 
preaching his funeral sermon. I could heartily have wished 



271 

that some of his relations had been present, for there was as 
great an appearance of people as ever I did see in these parts. 

Sir, I desire you to present my humble service to his Grace 
and present this enclosed, which gives a short account of your 
brother's death. 



Col. Egbert Sandys to Sir George Lane. 

1667, July 6. Lanesborough. — Though I doubt not you 
have from my Lady Lane herself an account of her journey, 
yet I cannot satisfy myself without giving you my observation. 
On Thursday forenoon her Ladyship began her journey, rested 
some hours at the Black Bull, and came by six in the evening 
to Bellamulvie, something weary but in good order by the 
opportunity of a very fine cool day. Yesterday morning her 
children came to her from Eathcline, and in the evening 
I left her Ladyship and children very well at Mullimehan 
with Mrs. Eooksby. This morning before I returned to 
Lanesborough I had an account they were all very well, save 
only a little weary remembrance of the journey. 

Sir, I do now beg leave to give you some account of the 
condition of this garrison, that whilst we have summer, some 
course may be considered to make provision of firing for the 
winter, without which 'twill be impossible to pass upon duty. 
The last winter I had an opportunity I shall have not more, 
of a wood in my possession, where the poor [soldiers] sometimes 
by their labours and [some] times for their money, provided 
themselves [with] firing. I beseech you. Sir, have this 
matter in your thoughts. Our neighbour garrison of Longford 
is plentifully provided of fire and candle by the care and 
kindness of Lord Aungier (whose fort they guard) , yet without 
charge to himself. No garrison or guard in Ireland wants 
this accommodation, nor any in the world that ever I did 
know or hear of. I humbly beg your pardon for enlarging 
myself so much on this matter, since I have already found that 
nor threats or blows or punishment would force my men upon 
their guard or duty when fire and candle were wanting, and 
to stop their pay to purchase these is what I find the men 
will no more endure, being altogether without precedent. 
I know I shall not need any more to repeat a request of 
your favour in this matter to have in your care the people 
and place I may call your garrison. The poor wretches you 
may freely command. 

Francis, Lord Aungier and Sir Arthur Forbes to Ormond. 

1667, July 7.— Your Grace's of the 28th of June last 
we have received, and in obedience to your Grace's commands 
therein expressed, we immediately issued out our orders 
to the several captains commanding the militia of this 



272 

county for their rendezvousing their several troops and 
companies at Longford the 4th instant, when they appeared 
all completely armed, consisting of two foot companies, which 
are not in number above one hundred and thirty men, and one 
troop of horse, consisting of fifty men, who being all assembled 
at Longford as aforesaid, we openly caused your Grace's letter 
to be read, and according to the contents thereof have not 
only appointed the respective ofiBcers to exercise those under 
their control once a fortnight, but have also sent out our 
warrants for the raising of money for the support of the said 
militia according to a presentment made to that purpose 
by the Grand Jury of this county at their last Qilarter Sessions, 
held the 18th of April .last. As for our settling a correspondency 
between us and the militias of the adjoining counties, we 
have already wrote our letters to some, and shall speedily write 
to the rest, being resolved not to be wanting in any thing 
that may evidence our duty in His Majesty's service, and our 
observance of your Grace's commands. 

Col. Edward Vernon to Ormond. 

1667, July 16. — May it please your Grace, that my Lord 
Arlington doth assure me that Barker's impudent tranactions 
at the Council Board are presented to your Grace, and that 
by this night's post his Lordship will give your Grace an 
account of my Lord Chancellor's discourses to him concerning 
that affair, therefore I shall not trouble your Grace with them. 

The enclosed his Lordship advised me to hasten to your 
Grace. It is a true copy of a printed pamphlet that came 
to my hands yesterday, the like of which, I am informed, 
are dispersed in the city, and I am assured from the person 
that helped to it that Barker and the rest intend to present 
the like to the privy councillors here at the return of your 
Grace's answer to their letter, and that they give out my Lord 
Roberts and the Lord Ashby are their patrons. 

There cannot be a more seditious false paper in effect, 
accusing the King and council here for passing that proviso 
and arraigning an Act of Parliament, as well as falsely accusing 
your Grace and council of injustice. 

The Government here are of opinion this print is very 
criminal and under a severe lash of the law. Doubtless they 
are persons fit to be punished. 

My Lord Anglesey and my Lord Arlington were of an opinion 
that the print was fit to be kept here, which was the occasion 
of the copy. 

James Clarke to Ormond. 

1667, July 20. — I have received your Grace's observations 
made of the charge of Moor Park in my Lady Duchess' letter 
of the 9th instant. As to the first particular about the five 



273 

men in the garden, Colonel Cooke has reduced to three, and 
those to plant the trees that are ordered to be done this winter, 
which charge I wrote her Grace word should be lessened as 
soon as hay making was over. And as to the second particular 
of the horses, which are now but three, I wrote above a 
twelve-month ago that I thought such horses as might be kept 
the most part of the year in the park might do that work, 
and to that end the Colonel has ordered one of the horses 
to be gelt, the other which was a lame coach-horse to be 
either changed or sold for a gelding, the third being so already ; 
keeping those three as they may be, will be a great deal cheaper 
than to hire teams upon all occasions. 

They must be now watering the trees, and at the season 
to fetch trees to be planted and then to water them , and several 
other things which the Colonel told me he would give your 
Grace an accompt of. For the minister, his due is but 40^. 
a year, the other was subscribed by Mr. Buck, I thought by 
your Grace's order. There has been nothing paid to him 
since Mrs. Eeeves came thither, nor shall not without your 
Grace's order. There is a difference between Dr. Edmonds 
(one of the King's chaplains) and the vicar that serves under 
him in the parish of Bickmans worth, that there has been but 
three sermons this fourteen weeks, so that the parish is resolved 
to pay neither parson nor curate. 

As to the assessments for the poor, the militia, constables, 
the churchwardens' charges, and the Eoyal and additional 
tax and chimney money, the four first being uncertain, the 
two last certain, but all rated according to the value of Moor 
Park and not to your Grace's quality, but I shall be better 
informed by Mr. Herbert, who is Justice of the Peace of that 
place, as Colonel Cooke tells me he hath desired him to do it, 
and your Grace shall be informed with his 9ense in this case. 

The last concerning the hay, which is this year very good 
and a great quantity, which should overdo what it is designed 
for in my judgment, I do verily believe it will be managed 
to all advantages. 

I have here enclosed sent your Grace a copy of Colonel 
Cooke's note he left with me, to estimate the particulars which 
I have done on the other side that paper. I gave it him 
and he told me he would write to your Griace about it. Your 
Grace sees all that he thinks needful to be done (which 
comes to 732 ISs. 4d., besides the mending the house, pavilion 
rooms and the lead work of the cloister walks, which cannot 
be computed), shall be as little done to them as 'tis possible 
only to make them stand to keep out the rain this winter. 

I wrote to her Grace concerning money to pay the workmen 
since Mrs. Beeves came, which is now near three months. 
The gardeners' and keepers' wages and all the taxes are now 
due. If your Grace sent any order for me to receive any 
money of Sir Stephen Pox besides what was to pay for the 
Wt. 8878 R 



274 

coach and saddles, I never received any. I received for that 
use 9001 y and the things came within il of that sum, as will 
appear by the bills signed by Sir Nicholas Armorer. 

Postscript : — The periwigs your Grace wrote for will be done 
by Monday morning. They will come to SSI 00s. OOd., which 
money must be paid before I have the periwigs. As soon as 
the man brings them home and I have my Lord's approbation 
of them, I shall pay the money and send them with the first 
convenience. 

CoL. Edward Vernon to Ormond. 

1667, July 22. — Upon the delivery of my Lord Drogheda's 
letter to Sir Henry .Vernon, I found Sir Harry very knowing, 
and very sensible of your Grace's kindness to the late Lord 
Treasurer and his relatives, and particularly of the value your 
Grace had for the young lady. 

There hath been some forward overtures from some persons 
of quality by their relations to this lady, which she hath 
severely checked with much indignation, and at present will 
hear of none 

I am certain when time serves (if your Grace shall then think 
fit), Sir Harry will be very ready to mind her of the great 
friendship your Grace had with her father and your esteem 
of her, and he will do as much to serve your Grace as you 
will command, for if I be not mistaken she relies most upon 
his advice, and with a salvo to his trust, he is wholly at your 
Grace's commands, valuing yourself and family (as he ought) 
above all others. 

The lady is at present retired to Drayton Manor, five miles 
from Lichfield. 

Dr. Charles Cullbn to Sir George Lane. 

1667, September 5. London. — I took the boldness to write 
to jou about six weeks past, which was enclosed in a letter 
of your son's, Mr. James Lane. I then craved your favour 
to move my Lord Duke's Grace in my behalf that I might 
succeed the Bishop of Limerick, who was to be preferred here. 
Now he is made Bishop of Lincoln, and withal a worthy friend 
of yours tells me that he hears Doctor Seele is to be Bishop 
of Limerick. If so, then that my former request hath proved 
ineffectual, give me leave to beg your good word to my Lord's 
Grace that I may succeed the Doctor in the Deanery of St. 
Patrick's. Sir, Colonel Ijegg's advice, your own kind letter, 
and an earnest desire to serve God and end my days in 
mine own country, makes me thus importunate with you. 
I have a long time stood at the pool, be my happy angel to 
move the waters and send over a comfortable line to me, that 
1 may pray for you there as I do here. 

Postscript : — If you please to write, direct to Colonel Legg's 
in the little Minories. 



•275 

Col. Eobebt Manlby to Ormond. 

1667, September 12. Bantry Fort. — The war now being 
over, I presume to claim your Grace's promise to grant me 
a licence for England ; after I have provided for my company 
this winter and put them in good order as I intend to leave 
them, T shall employ my agent to petition your Grace to that 
purpose. 

My Lord, I have maintained Bantry Fort four years at 
my own cost and charges to support the place from falling 
to the ground, and because my poor soldiers should not perish 
or too much suffer, I have again lately covered over what 
building is necessary. My disbursements now amount to 
721 Us. lOd., which I am ready to make affidavit of, and can 
make good by sufficient testimonies. Upon this matter I shall 
not at present insist, only entreat your Grace's favour therein, 
or I am likely to suffer. At this rate God deliver me from 
the charge of His Majesty's forts. 

My Lord, observing the army postponed three months for 
want of effects, as my agent writes me, I thought requisite 
to denote to your Grace a concealment many gentlemen who 
pay quit rent wonder at, and as much grudge they should 
be continually charged and pay, while their neighbour goes 
free by the protection of the Earl of Anglesey. Geo. Walters 
is in arrear of quit rents the best part of a thousand pounds, 
and still defers payment because my Lord is commonly in 
England. This land is in the half barony of Bantry, and 
was Sullivan O'Bear's estate passed in my Lord Anglesey's 
patent, who hath only 1001 yer annum patronage, but Walters 
and his assigns enjoy the remainder, so that the said Lord will 
not be in the least damnified by payment of the quit rent, 
for Walters swallows it up, who deserves not so great a 
kindness, unless merited from His Majesty by rebellion ; once 
a Sequestrator Eumper Committee man, yet a disturber of 
His Majesty's liege people ; his original a pitful hatter's son 
of Barnstable. This I leave to your Grace's consideration. 

My Lord, I am now to acquaint your Grace (as I have already 
my Lord Orrery) to prevent and anticipate informers ; lately 
I shipped off two minion cuts and five falconets in His 
Majesty's ship called the Milkmaid, riding in this bay, 
bound to load pipestaves in Ken mare river for the King's use 
and for London. These guns I brought to this fort, and 
although in right I am the chief proprietor of them , yet have I 
caused them to be lawfully appraised, and their utmost value 
comes to 80«. each gun, being old and honeycombed, which 
in the whole amounts to no more than 101 10s, Od. These 
T shall be accountable for upon all demands, in the mean- 
time shall fit them with carriages and put them aboard a 
little vessel for trade I have a share in, to avoid idleness. 
My Lord, if this appears like a, presumption or error I will 
yet recall what is done, but as they do not belong, so they 
can be of no use to this fort, where yet remains in as good 



276 

a condition the old eight guns I found here, as is afforded 
without a gunner, for I never had any allowed me. To say 
truth, the fort and situation does not deserve one. I must 
make my conclusion (as ever) with my acknowledgments. 
Your Grace's indulgences are so grafted within my soul, from 
whence shall ever spring perpetual gratitude. 

Lords of the Council in England to Ormond, concerning 

Londonderry. 

1667, September 13. Whitehall. — ^The petition enclosed 
signed by the Governor in behalf of himself and assistants of 
the New Plantation in Ulster, within the Bealm of Ireland, 
being read at the Board, and upon serious debate and 
consideration had of the complaint therein contained. His 
Majesty was graciously pleased and accordingly ordered us to 
transmit the same to your Grace, with directions to pray 
your Grace speedily to send for Sir James Shaen, and strictly 
to examine him why and for what reason he hath so long 
deferred payment of four thousand pounds to the petitioners 
as part of six thousand pounds according to the agreement 
made between him on His Majesty's behalf and the petitioners 
in March, 1664, it appearing by a letter written, signed, and 
directed unto the petitioners from our very good Lord, the 
Earl of Anglesey, dated from Dublin, 21st of July, 1666, that 
there had been paid by his Lordship out of ifis Majesty's 
Treasury there upon that account, according to warrants 
signed by His Majesty, the sum of six thousand pounds 
contracted for, and that if they had received but two thousand 
pounds thereof, Sir James Shaen, who managed much of that 
affair, must give them satisfaction where to receive the rest, 
and then if the said Sir James Shaen shall not give your 
Grace just satisfaction and reason why he hath not paid the 
said remaining sum of four thousand pounds due to the 
petitioners, that you proceed strictly and effectually against 
him until he have given full satisfaction to the petitioners; 
and in the interim that your Grace direct that no further 
process be issued out of His Majesty's Court of Exchequer 
in that kingdom against the petitioners for their arrears of 
the high rent. So recommending this affair unto your Grace's 
especial care and examination, we conceiving His Majesty's 
honour and justice to be therein concerned, and praying your 
Grace's speedy account of your proceedings thereupon, we 
bid your Grace very heartily farewell. From the Court at 
Whitehall, the 13th of September, 1667. 

Your Grace's very loving friends, Gilb, Cant. Orl. 
Bridgeman, C. S. Roberts, Albemarle, Ossory, Craven, Bath, 
J. Bridge water, Lauderdaill, Arlington, Middleton, Jo. 
Berkeley, G. Carteret, Ashley, Fitzhding, G. Clifford, Will. 
Morice, W. Coventry. 

Edw. Walker. 



277 

Endorsed : — Copy letters from the Lords of the Council in 
England to Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, with petition of the 
Londoners concerning the customs of Londonderry. 

Petition of Govbrnob and Assistants, London, of the 

NEW Plantation in Ulstbb. 

1667. — To the King's most excellent Majesty. 

The humble petition of the Society of the Governor and 
Assistants, London, of the New Plantation in Ulster, within 
the realm of Ireland. 

Sheweth : That your sacred Majesty by your letter of the 
18th of February, 1664, was graciously pleased to signify 
unto your petitioners several reasons why the customs of 
Londonderry and Coleraine, etc., in your kingdom of Ireland, 
granted to them (amongst other things) by your Majesty's 
gracious letters patents of the 10th of April, 1662, ought to 
continue in your Majesty's hands, declaring your willingness 
to give your petitioners reasonable compensation for their 
interest thereunto, and that you had appointed Sir James Shaen 
to treat and conclude with them for the same, which letter was 
delivered to your petitioners by the said Sir James the 24th of 
the same month of February, with whom your petitioners 
had afterwards several conferences concerning the contents 
of the same, in pursuance whereof and to demonstrate your 
petitioners' dutiful compliance with your Majesty's commands, 
they declared their readiness to part with their interest therein, 
and gave him a particular in writing on what terms (with a 
very small alteration) were by your Majesty thought very 
reasonable, and with which (as the said Sir James declared to 
your petitioners) your Majesty was well satisfied. Whereupon 
your petitioners did also consent to those alterations, so that in 
March , 1664 , all things were agreed on by the said Sir James 
on your Majesty's behalf and your petitioner , since which time 
your petitioners have settled their affairs with their agents 
accordingly and thereby performed part of the said agreement, 
and have since been always ready to perfect what is further 
to be done by them in pursuance of the same, and for the 
more effectual despatch thereof several writings were drawn, 
which have been perused and approved of by your Majesty's 
learned counsel at law, and are ready for execution. 

But so it is, may it please your most excellent Majesty, that 
notwithstanding your petitioners' readiness to obey your 
Majesty's commands, and to perform the agreement on their 
part, yet of the six thousand pounds agreed by the said Sir 
James Shaen on your Majesty's behalf to be paid your 
petitioners at two several payments long since elapsed, they 
have received no more than two thousand pounds, notwith- 
standing warrants were signed by your Majesty payable to the 
farmers of your customs in Ireland for payment of the whole 
unto your petitioners as agreed on, and although the four 
thousand pounds residue of the said six thousand pounds 



278 

remains still to be paid to your petitioners, yet the 
said farmers have got allowance thereof, as may appear 
now of record in your Majesty's Court of Exchequer 
in that your kingdom, neither are your petitioners according 
to agreement discharged of the arrears of the high rent, 
but as they are informed by their agents, process still 
issueth out of your Majesty's Court of Exchequer in Ireland 
against them for the same, to their very great damage. Your 
petitioners therefore most humbly pray that your Majesty 
win be graciously pleased to give your royal commands for 
the perfecting of what is further to be done on your Majesty's 
behalf in pursuance of the said agreement, to the end your 
petitioners may be in a capacity to render some account of 
that business to the several companies of your City of London. 

Thomas Adams, Governor. 
Thomas Neville, Deputy Governor. 

Sir George Carteret to Ormond. 

1667, September 14. Whitehall. — The report that hath 
been in Dublin of my parting with my employment in Ireland 
is for anything I know very groundless, and to my certain 
knowledge so far from my own thoughts and contrary to my 
intentions, that I would account it a great unhappiness to me 
if anything should fall out that might deprive me of the honour 
and satisfaction of serving His Majesty under your Grace's 
commands and near your person, and therefore I will use my 
utmost endeavours to shorten the time of absence which your 
Grace hath been pleased to promise to allow me. 

I do not at all question but the drawing of manufactures 
from the Netherlands would prove very beneficial, but whether 
it may safely be done upon a public account cannot so readily 
be determined. But ere it be long I hope to have the honour 
to wait upon your Grace, and by that means to learn more 
than otherwise I can know of the advantages or diflSculties 
that will attend such an undertaking. 

Petition of Thomas Morris and William Dodson. 

1667, September 21. — To the King's most excellent Majesty. 

Most humbly sheweth : That your petitioners have for some 
time made it very much their business to inquire into the 
true value of the Customs and Excise of Ireland, wherein they 
have so satisfied themselves that they presume on very good 
grounds to propose the farming of the said duties from your 
Majesty. 

That your petitioners humbly propose to give for the whole 
revenue of the customs and excise of your Majesty's kingdom 
of Ireland (the laws and rates for those duties as they are 
prepared by the Lords Justices being confirmed by Act of 



279 

rarliament) the sum of seventy thousand pounds sterling per 
annum for eleven years, and are willing for their securities 
to lay down beforehand a quarter's rent for your Majesty's 
service of Ireland. 

They therefore humbly pray that by your Majesty's order 
they may be treated with for the same by such persons as 
your Majesty shall be pleased to appoint for that purpose. 

Tho. Morris. 

William Dodson. 

Jambs Buck to Sir George Lane. 

1667, October 26. Chelsea. — I have not time by this post 
to give his Grace an account of his letter unto me by Sir Nich. 
Armorer, who sent it me so late this night that I can only 
desire you to let his Grace know as much. My Lord Chancellor 
has been all this morning under an impeachment, and a 
committee appointed for the manner of proceeding, and the 
impeachment to be in the name of the whole House. My 
Lord Morden's charge brought in yesterday and committed. 
This kind of news I delight not in, but could furnish you. 
with much, had I either time at present or an assurance it 
might find a welcome from the hands of, Sfr, etc. 

Postscript : — Several petitions brought into the House of 
Lords against my Lord Chancellor upon private accounts. 

Summary of Charges against Clarendon. 

[Enclosed with preceding letter]. 

1. Getting from the Crown Clarendon and Cornbury. 

2. Canary patent 4,000Z given him. 

3. The farmers of the customs discharged and the 
commissioners made farmers, and to pay him 10,000Z per 
annum. 

4. All places as the Barbados to pay him a farm yearly. 

5. 50,000i paid him for settling the Irish affairs. 

6. That he said the King was not fit to govern, and that 
he was popishly affected. 

7. When the Dutch were in the river, he did obstruct the 
Parliament's sitting. 

8. He did advise the King to raise an army and to govern 
by it, and being demanded how it should be maintained, he 
said, as his father did at Oxford, by contribution and quarter. 

9. Capital offenders impeached in Parliament, he did put 
the great seal to their pardons, impeding the impeachment 
of my Lord Mordaunt. 

10. 400 men assembled together to raise money, but not 
to govern. 

Endorsed : — The particulars the House this day insisted on 
against my Lord Chancellor; a committee appointed, and all 
others adjourned till Tuesday. 



280 

Obmond to Lord Arlington. 

1667, November 22. Dublin.— I was unwilling to part 
with the only post-bark now on this side till another 
should arrive, not knowing what important use there might 
be of sending a despatch from hence. You had otherwise sooner 
received this acknowledgment of my having yours of the 2nd 
and 6th instant. 

If we are to take our measure of the entertainment Irish 
complaints will find in the Parliament by the success of 
Backer's petition referred to the committee of grievances, the 
consequence of his complaint is of greater importance than 
the matter of it is either valuable or true, and the Parliament, 
if they give but hearing to all who in the government and 
settlement of this kingdom shall pretend to be injured, will 
not want work for some months, if they should have no other. 
It is said the climate disposes to litigiousness, I am sure the 
contrary interests and affections of the people does it plentifully. 
I know not what industry or innocence can prevent accusation, 
and if I did, I am far from where it must be manifested and 
applied in my case, so that I must resign myself to providence 
and to the care of my friends. Some of them lay more 
weight than I can find upon the articles concerning the 
quartering of the regiment of Guards and other troops in 
this city, which yet in a petition from them is no part of 
their grievance, but they rather own the custom and propose 
ways for the regular continuance of it. Some abuses under 
pretence of quarter they mention in general, but have not 
yet, though called to for it, made proof of them by particular 
instances. In fine, I thought I might have been as well 
accused for having the King's sword and the maces borne 
before me as for this, the one having been done as constantly 
as the other by all the Governors who have been here as far 
as memory will reach, and I having found this very regiment 
quartered here by the like warrant upon my arrival in '62. The 
Earl of Meath, who enjoys a certain liberty in the suburbs of 
this city in right of a dissolved abbey, has thought this a fit time 
to raise scandal on the regiment, and by consequence on the 
Government, upon the same account of quartering. I did 
think him enough my friend to have give me a private notice 
if any disorders had been committed in five years' time that 
the regiment has been here, and he in as much familiarity 
with me as any man. I confess I was surprised at the unkind- 
ness, and unsatisfied with the meanness of his proceeding, 
which made me call upon him with earnestness to make good 
his complaints, but thereupon he added to the former a worse 
scandal by saying his tenants and witnesses durst not come 
to prove his assertions for fear of the soldiers. In the debate 
of this matter his Lordship affirming the same things, of 
which he could not be eye-witness, I said they were not 
true. The next day it was reported in town, and he himself 



281 

said to Sir George Lane, that I had given him the lie at 
council, which necessitated me at our next meeting to explain 
my meaning to be that his Lordship was misinformed and 
that my words could not be otherwise rightly understood; 
if they could I there publicly retracted them, adding that 
I did it for the satisfaction of the Board and the justification 
of my good manners, without any design to court my Lord 
of Meath's friendship or to avert his enmity. This is the 
truth of that passage which yet may be otherwise represented 
in England, perhaps to the King or to the Government, for 
so his Lordship seems to threaten, and to understand my 
staying the post-bark to be to hinder his passing over. It is 
fit I remember that on my apology at the Board he denied 
that he had ever said I gave him the lie, which yet was justified 
by Sir George Lane here then in his presence. This is more 
of myself than I thought to have troubled you with, but when 
articles are framed out of nothing, I know not what might 
be made out of this something. I am with all reality, my 
Lord, your Lordship's most affectionate and most humble 
servant. 

Postscript I — At the instant of my signing this 1 am told the 
packet is come. 

James Buck to Sir George Lane. 

1667, December 10. Chelsea.— Yours of the 23rd of 
November I received but yesterday, being the 9th December, 
and then left with my servant by a dirty fellow who demanded 
three times more than it was fit to give him, but had you 
directed it to Captain Foster or Mr. Clarke I had received 
it sooner with less charge ; and receiving long since an answer 
of what letters I wrote when I sent my last unto you, made 
me conclude you were certainly out of town, so that the last 
fortnight's transactions of Parliament I sent to Mr. Page, 
and with it a letter to his Grace, which I humbly desire you 
to mind his Grace of the contents of it, being wholly his 
Grace's concerns. 

I dare meddle with nothing but what is public in the House, 
which ds upon ordering the paper of the Earl of Clarendon's to 
be burned by the common hangman, and till we have the 
happiness to see each other, I shall forbear, only with your 
back-friend, Mr. Hartlipp, has had much ado to escape a 
prison, who has been the great engine of corruption. I fear 
the want of your commands has made this paper come a day 
after the fair, which is no fault in him who is, Sir, etc. 

Ormond to the King. 
1667, December 14. Dublin. — I am not able to guess 
whether your Majesty's command and service or my own 
defence may not require my passing into England, and that 
at shorter warning than to allow of despatches and returns 
from Court hither. I therefore presume humbly to beseech 



282 

your Majesty that I may have your permission to attend you , 
and, if it stand with your pleasure, in the terms and form of 
the draft of a letter my Lord Arlington will present to your 
Majesty. I do not, I confess, foresee any occasion you can 
have to command me over, nor imagine what can be laid to 
my charge to necessitate my going, yet with your Majesty's 
leave I would gladly be prepared for either. God preserve 
your Majesty. 

Ormond to Lord Arlington. 

1667, December 17. Dublin. — Since mine of the 
14th I have received letters of the 10th from my son 
Ossory, letting me know his purpose then was to make a 
journey hither during the recess of the Parliament, for which, 
if it shall be to the 17th of February, he may well have time, 
and for the same reason it may be unnecessary to move His 
Majesty to sign the letter I have sent your Lordship, giving 
me leave to transport myself into England, or for the present 
to give him the letter I have presumed to direct to him, 
which is only on that subject ; but yet I pray your Lordship 
to keep them carefully by you that they may be found to be 
given the King when I shall beg the favour from you. I think 
this despatch, at least the secret part of it, will be sent to my 
Lord Aungier, who is the more ready to pass over on his own 
occasions in hope he may do me some friendly oflBce in the House 
of Commons, of which he is a member, and I dare undertake he 
will be as ready to serve your Lordship iu what may concern 
your particular. I therefore recommend him to your favour 
and confidence. 

Postscript : — I send your Lordship a copy of my letter to 
the King, that if you should not approve of the style or matter, 
or think fit on any charge there that I should alter either, I 
may receive your advice. 

My Lord Aungier supposing the Parliament will be adjourned 
to the 17th of February, determines to stay here till near that 
time, so this despatch will be delivered to your Lordship by 
Captain Jo. Butler. 

My Lord of Anglesey writes to me of a proposition concerning 
the management of this revenue like to be made to His Majesty, 
who I hope will vouchsafe to hear his servants here upon it, 
before he resolves anything in it. In the meantime I would 
be glad to know from whom the overture proceeds. 

John Bryan to the Duchess of Ormond. 

1667, December 18. — I have advised with both gardeners 
at Dunmore and Adam Seix about planting the acorns and 
ashkeys. They are all of opinion that a large nursery be 
made, out of which the plants may be removed into any place 
or part that your Graces shall command it hereafter. And 



283 

such a place for a nursery have I now ready, close and strong- 
fenced. And for planting acorns and ashkeys by the pale 
sides in the park, where the deer can come at them, is thought 
to avail little. I have with both the gardeners viewed the 
grounds at Dunmore and (as w-e conceive) have pitched upon 
the most fit and convenient places for ornament and shelter, 
yet to be better satisfied I gave order to the new gardener, 
when Captain Morton comes to Dunmore to take his advice. 

Adam Seix is of opinion that it will be to little purpose to 
plant acorns or ashkeys in Kilkenny meadows, because of the 
cattle coming there, and where to get trees within less than 
fifteen or twenty mile he knows not ; besides that the season 
is so far spent. 

They are going about renewing what is decayed of the 
wilderness at Dunmore. I hope to furnish them with trees 
for that out of the Curragh. 

I have been at Archerstown to see the new warren, which 
goes on well, and had I been there when they began, they 
should not pitch so near the castle or meadows. I did forbid 
Thomas to make any more at that small distance. There 
is but one that is so very near, and he did acknowledge the 
inconveniency. The place may be made a pleasant habitation 
for a private man noth withstanding the burrow. There is 
20i a year bid for it. I have lately written to Mr. Davyes 
somewhat a rough letter, whereof I have only a verbal answer 
by his factor that lives at Kilkenny, who tells me he has 
a vessel now arrived at Waterford to take away the wool, and 
that he will be at Kilkenny very soon. 

James Buck to Sir Georgb Lane. 

1667, December 21. Chelsea. — My last letter unto 
you was upon Tuesday, the 17th instant, which I hope 
you have received. This being the conclusion of both Houses 
for this meeting, but by the 6th of February, at which time 
they meet again, much work is prepared, but I believe the 
business of accounts and the Act of Resumption both in England 
and Ireland from the year *40 will take up much of their time, 
being so fiercely bent upon it. It was once put whether it 
should not commence from the first of King James. I have 
received but one letter from you this two months ; pray satisfy 
me how mine comes to your hands. I have only to wish 
you and all my friends there a healthful and happy new year, 
and good fortune this Christmas. 

Ormond's Account as Guardian of the Earl of Clancarty. 

The charge wherewith his Grace the Duke of Ormond 
chargeth himself as guardian to Charles James, late Earl 
of Clancarty, an infant, of the rents, issues, and profits which 
accrued out of the estate of the said infant from the fourth 



284 

of August, 1665, being the time of the late Earl of Donagh^s 
death, to the two and twentieth of September, 1666, being 
the time of the said infant's death. 

It 8, d. 
Michaelmas Gale's rent, 1665, and Easter 
Gales rent, 1666, out of the said estate, comes 
to two thousand three hundred and ten 
pounds, eight shillings and four pence, not 
including herein the Countess Dowager of 
Clancarty's jointure, nor a thousand pounds 
per annum due in the lifetime of the said 
late Earl to the said Lady Dowager's two sons, 
viz., -the now Earl and his brother 2310 u08 : 04 

His Grace chargeth himself further with 
other reservations reserved out of the said 
estate, over and besides the said year's rent, 
which do amount to two hundred fifty-five 
pounds eleven shillings and eight pence ... 0255 : 11 : 08 

The total of the said year's charge amounts 
to two thousand five hundred sixty-six pounds 2566 : 00 : 00 

His Grace, James, Duke of Ormond, his account of the 
profits of the estate of Charles James, late Earl of Clancarty, 
an infant, whose guardian his Grace was from the twentieth 
of February, 1665 [-6], to the time of the death of the said 
Charles James, which happened on the two and twentieth 
of September, 1666. And dischargeth himself by several 
disbursements and payments to balance the said charge, and 
other disbursements made by the Countess Dowager of 
Clancarty, over and besides the said balance pursuant to the 
intent and purport of the last will and testament of Donogh, 
Earl of Clancarty. 

It 8. d. 
The several disbursements and payments 
made in the lifetime of the said late Earl, 
Charles James, including herein the insolvent 
arrears of Michaelmas Gale, 1665, and Easter, 
1666, as by the annexed particulars may 
appear, amounts to five thousand pounds and 
eight pence ... 5000 : 00 : 08 

There rests due to the said Countess, as 
moneys paid out of her own jointure over and 
besides the balance of the said charge to be 
allowed her out of the estate, the sum of two 
thousand four hundred thirty-four pounds and 
eight pence 2434 : 00 : 08 

Not including or inserting in the foregoing payments the 
great expenses the Countess hath been at in her several journeys 
to and from Dublin, and her long attendance in prosecuting 
the concerns of the said Charles James. 



285 

W. Tracy to Ormond. 

1668, August 11. — ^Having the honour somewhat to be allied 
to your Grace, 'tis my duty to prevent your displeasure ; 
though I am hopeless (reflecting on my own demerit) to 
purchase your favour. My Lord, it happened that a poor 
youth, petitioning your Grace for drops of mercy, made use 
of my name. I confess I have made him breathe some months 
out of mere charity ; willing he should find better balm else- 
where, deemed it no hardiness to supplicate your Grace, he 
being a Poyntz by the suter side. If to be pinched with 
want is a sore torture, not to be borne even by a Stoic, 'tis 
fairer modesty to pray a dole from the largesses of fortune, 
than through impatience take ill courses or offer violence to 
nature; honour is the centre of virtue, and the acme of virtue 
seraphically is charity. If there is no excess in charity, it 
being the very effigies of divinity, to plume feathered fortunes 
admits of returns, and so not magnificence; but to indulge 
the impotent (like conferring graces on the dead) is beyond 
retaliation; a pure oblation to honour, an act truly heroic, 
becoming a person of renown. My Lord let this screen all 
misprisions, that I never counselled him to give your Grace 
any trouble. I am (Sir) of a profession wherein if I can 
serve you, I shall embrace it as a blessing. 

Sir G. Middlbton to Ormond. 

1668, August 12. Leighton. — ^The former encouragement 
you have given me in my affairs, emboldeneth me again 
humbly to present unto your Grace my well known sufferings 
for my loyalty to my Prince, for which as yet I have not 
received the least part of recompense. And now understanding 
your Grace to be at London^ I thought it very necessary 
(especially upon the promise you were pleased to give me 
of kindness) to remind you thereof, to the end your Grace 
would be pleased to move His Majesty on my behalf, in what 
kind you shall think convenient. Your Grace may remember 
you had thoughts formerly of procuring me the office of High 
Sheriff of Lancashire for life or a certain number of years, 
which place (if of any reasonable continuance) might prove 
beneficial; but at that time when you had that intention, 
it was too late; in regard Sir Thomas Ingram, Chancellor 
of the Duchy, had delivered in his denominations to His 
Majesty. Now may it please you, I conceive it time enough, 
if your Grace will favour me so much with your commands 
to Mr. [illegible] , or any other whom you please to mind Sir 
Thomas Ingram thereof, and probably your countenance 
therein may take effect. I must also trench more upon your 
favour in another matter; that whereas upon the marriage 
of my daughter to Mr. Oldfield, it was covenanted that (if 
God should bless them with a son) he should take the name 
of George Middleton ; and they having a son and so called ; 
that your Grace would be pleased to move His Majesty to 



286 

renew my patent of baronet, that after my decease it may 
descend upon him being my grandson. I am confident your 
Grace may easily effect it, seeing it takes nothing from the 
King. I must crave your excuse for these troubles, and if 
your Grace conceive it requisite for me to come to London, 
I shall endeavour so to do ; although I am much indisposed 
of health, and upon any the least occasion subject to fall 
into high distemper. However, be pleased to favour me 
with your good assistance in these or any other concern wherein 
your Grace shall conceive it fit to move His Majesty for me. 



Nicholas Bayly to 



1668, September 12. Galway. — I received your commands 
yesterday of the 15th instant, empowering me to take into 
my care and charge such prize wines due to his Grace as 
shall arrive in the ports of Galway and Sligo, and of the 
quantity and quality of such wine, to return you a constant 
account, which I shall not with God's assistance fail to perform, 
and to endeavour to merit the confidence you are pleased to 
repose in me. In order to which I have this day written 
to Mr. Booth, customer in Sligo, brother to Judy Booth (of 
whose integrity I have good assurance in this town) , to secure 
such wines as shall there grow due to his Grace, and shall 
upon his notice repair there as occasion shall require. As 
for this port, a small vessel arrived here last week with French 
wine, which being before the 20th instant, I take it not 
within my instructions to concern myself in her, but 
considerable cargoes are expected this new vintage, of which, 
I doubt not by the intimation you give me, my former 
knowledge with my future care, to give you such account 
from time to time, as will in some measure demonstrate my 
duty to his Grace's service and my readiness to observe those 
commands you have and shall please to lay upon me. 



Earl of Manchester to Ormond. 

1668, September 23. Audley End. — I find this place very 
great and noble, yet many wants will be found that will prove 
very inconvenient upon this remove, it will now be found 
very difficult to go a progress unless the diets were served 
in kind, for it will be impossible for every one that keeps 
a table to have places apart, and in particular to himself, 
so as to carry on the necessaries belonging to his diet. 
I have done what I could to accommodate your Grace ; I was 
told here that you desired but three rooms, and they are very 
good ones that are appointed for you, and a kitchen and a 
cellar. When you come hither you will find the straitness 
of this house, now that the King and Queen bring so great 
a train with them. My Lord, I thought fit to give your 
Grace this account, with the tender of my service to you. 



287 

Petition of Col. John Bhamston to Lord Ossory. 

To his Excellency Thomas, Earl of Ossory, Lord Deputy 
of Ireland. 

The humble petition of Colonel John Bramston, Governor 
of Athlone. 

Sheweth : That your petitioner having orders to receive 2591 
12s. 9Jd. for his own and company's pay out of the hearth 
money, the commissioners thereof assigned him by two bills 
dated the first of July last, on the collectors thereof in the 
Counties of Gal way and Eoscommon, from whom your 
petitioner hath not received nor can procure any more than 
1201. That although your petitioner hath acquainted the 
said commissioners therewith, and his servants hath attended 
them this fortnight (to a very great expense) in hopes to 
receive the remainder of the said money, being 139Z 12s. 9d. ; 
they delay either the payment thereof or the giving good 
assignments for the same, to the great detriment and disappoin- 
ment of the said company as well as your petitioner. 

Your petitioner therefore humbly prayeth your Excellency 
to give such further order for the payment of the said 139i 
12s. 9d., and reparation for the expense and damage the 
looking after the same hath occasioned, as your Excellency 
shall think fit. 

And your petitioner shall pray, etc. 

Endx)rsed at foot : — 

Dublin Castle, September 24th, 1668. 
We pray Sir George Carteret, knight. His Majesty's 
Vice-Treasurer and Eeceiver General in this kingdom, 
to inform himself how the matter above mentioned doth 
stand, and finding the petitioner's alligations to be true, 
to take order that so much as remaineth due may be paid 
in money, or that such solvent assignments may be given 
for the same, as may be to the satisfaction of the petitioner. 

Ossory. 

Ormond to Capt. Geo. Mathbw. 

1668, September 29. Whitehall. — Since my former of 
this day's date, I have spoken with Major Deane about the 
prize wines, supposing they are not yet let. I find he has 
a desire to deal for them in behalf of himself and his partners, 
farmers of the customs ; but he says that he took them once 
at 2,400Z for one year, and swears he lost 8001 by it, so that 
above l,600i he will not venture upon. This is a great fall, 
and if I once submit to it, possibly it may be hard to raise 
it again, yet unless you can get more for them by contract, 
or imagine I may make as much of them by collecting by 
my own oflBcers, it will be best to take his offer, the rather 
that he will on reasonable terms advance the money and 
perhaps pay it here. Somebody from him will speak with 



288 

you on this occasion. It is fit you know I have given 
him no encouragement to hope to have them at that rate. 
I make all the propositions I can to be sure not to want 
market money while I stay here. 

Michael Harrison to Capt. G. Mathew and Sir W. Flower. 

1668, September 30. — Pursuant to my last letter unto you, 
I went to Belfast and Carrickfergus about the prizage ; and 
have taken order for securing of what comes in, and I am 
assured by some of the inhabitants that his Grace lost this 
year by his prizage above two tons of Spanish wine by a 
cheat of the merchants; which if not prevented, the example 
may be of worse prejudice hereafter. And this it is; the 
merchant that takes in his cargo in Spain comes by the Isle 
of Man, unships his wine there into lesser bottoms, not above 
seven or eight tons in a bottom ; and so conveys them into 
several ports, by which juggle your prizage is lost; this they 
affirmed to be true. I pray you send me a power to myself 
and deputies to look to the prizage of these ports. 

As for Killybeggs I cannot undertake that, it lying above 
ninety miles from me towards Sligo ; those that look after 
Derry or Sligo prizage are fittest to manage that. Your 
answer to this is all that is desired by me. 

H. Norwood to Ormond. 

1668, November 7. Tanger. — The signal generosity your 
Grace was pleased to express in my cause when the Advocates 
of the Turks would have come behind me to strike me before, 
will I trust to Heaven be turned into your Grace's own bosom, 
if there be men on earth so impudent as to bring that honour 
and integrity in question, which none so good as Turks will 
ever venture to dispute. 

Since the juncture that by your Grace's means I got time to 
assert my innocency as to the Turks, I have fallen into as ill 
a reckoning with a most unchristian Mayor of this place, at 
least I think it so, because I must be forced once more to 
mount the stage, and give new trouble to my friends. 

The narrative of this business is too large to present unto 
your Grace in writing; the bearer, Captain Mordaunt, does 
favour me to carry all by heart unto His Majesty in council , 
and there if your Grace has leisure to be present or otherwise 
to examine the Captain upon any particulars, I cannot miscarry 
unless I do deserve it. 

J. Archer to Ormond. 

1668, December 1. Dublin. — The good news given us by 
the last packet, together with Secretary Page's indisposition, 
gave me the liberty to trouble your Grace with this enclosed 
petition which I durst not venture to do till now. May it 
please your Grace, after finishing and perclosing the one half 



289 

of the bridge of Carrick in ten weeks time, I fell a working 
of the rocks in the river below your Grace's house in Carrick, 
so that in ten days time I made a road through the said rocks 
of eighty or a hundred yards broad, for bottoms of thirty, 
forty, fifty, and sixty tons to sail without any danger to the 
quay of Carrick, as Mr. Controller can testify, he being an 
eye-witness of what is done there. Captain Mathew offered 
to pay me for what money I laid out for that work, which 
I would not accept of, being so insignificant a sun>, the matter 
of 3/ more or less, and I do think it too little a thing, together 
with my own labour, to bestow upon such a great design, so 
that Carrick wants nothing to make it considerable but the 
establishing of a custom house there. 

Your Grace's house in Carrick is at present stanch for five 
years, if no new breaches be made by future storms, and it did 
cost about 141, a little more or less. May it please your 
Grace, your Grace's ill wishers both English and Irish makes 
it now of late their business of copying of a book entitled : 
A Narrative of the Earl of Glarendon*s Settlement and Sale 
of Ireland, and spreading the same amongst the people, wherein 
it is set forth publicly amongst that factious people that your 
Grace is the only man that destroyed the Irish nation by 
hindering them of not being included in the Act of Indemnity, 
Although all those stratagems cannot prejudice your Grace in 
the least, yet their intention is malicious, and I in duty bound 
to acquaint your Grace of what I hear as to that nature. 

Petition to Mr. Secretary Page (enclosed with the foregoing 

letter). 

1668, November 26. Carrick. — Monsieur et tres honnor^ 
Amy, Je me souvien estant a Kilkenny que sa Grace m'a 
demand^ s'il auroit moyen de faire venir de vesseaux jusques 
a Carrick, mais main tent je suis plus capable a luy satisfaire 
que je n'estois en ce temps la, car depuis mon retoure icy 
de Kilkenny j'ay est^ visiter touts les endroits les plus diflBsils 
qui puis donner empechemt aux vesseaux ; brefe je ne treuve 
aucune difficoulte de randre la Biviere toutafaict naugable 
pour mounter barques de 20 a 30 tons jusques aux pied du 
pont de Carrick, et a fort peu de depence, et pour parler la 
bouche convert qui ouroit song6 a ce la I'est^ pass6 30 shillings 
seullement ferroit la faire, et a present je croy que doublant 
la diet somme le ferroit encoir un peu plus ou moins, et come 
sa Grace est du santiment de randre sa ville de Carrick 
considerable et la faire fleurir a jamais en restablisant la 
commers le pouvant commodement, elle seroit assurement 
une des meilleurs petites villes d'Ireland, sa situatione estant 
si advantagieux et le moyen pour ce faire le voycy scavoir, 
si sa Grace pouvoit s'accommoder avec le fermier des Customs 
on de quel autre manier pour establir un Custome house a 
Carrick, afin que les vesseaux destin^ pour les marchands de 
Carrick et de Clonmell ne fussent oblig^ a decharger leur 
Wt. 8878 s 



290 

marchandise a Waterford ; et si ce la ce pouvoit estre menag^ 
aipsi, je vous peu bien asseurer, Monsr., que sa Grace veroit 
des vesseaux francois charge du vign et du sel a la Kay de 
Carrick devant la fin du mois de mars prochen, and 
consequament des vesseaux d'Espaigne, de Hollande et de tout 
autres lieux de T Europe, pourveu que la commers de la mere 
soit libre, et par cest moyen inviteroit de marchands de 
Kilkenny, de Cassell, de Clonmell et mesme de Waterford 
de venir demurer et bastir des belles maisons a Carrick, et 
apres nous devons esperrer mil autre advages qui deveroit 
suivre en crup, mais sans dout ceux de Waterford s'opposeroint 
fort et ferme countre ceste commers cy desus, alegent que le 
Eoy seroit interess^ ; et moy je soutiendray le countraire et 
que le Eoy en profiteroit plutost et le pais s'enrichiroit. La 
reson en est evident, car si ceux de Waterford ne recoivent 
point le droict des diet vesseaux, cela se treuverot au dotible 
a Carrick, quand je dirois cent pour un, par ce que tous les 
marchands de Carrick et de Clonmell quils ne fount nen a 
present pour lors ils marcheroint, et quantity d'autres resons 
pouroint estre diets s'il le temps permettoit. Au rest sa 
Grace en usera selon son bon plaisir et tous ce que ]*en dis 
provien purement et simplement de T inclination que j'ay pour 
les interest de sa Grace et de sa maison. 

De la quelle je promet solemnellement devant Dieu que je 
ne me detacheray jamais durant ma vie et au dela du tombeaon. 
Oye, Monsieur, je prendois plaisir de sacrifier ma vie et ma 
fortune dans les interres de monseigneur le Due et eels de mon 
maistre monsieur le Comte d' Ossory. Pourquoy parce qu'ils 
m' out obJig^ de si bonne Grace et dedans ma plus grand 
necessity, c'est pourquoy monsieur. Je vous en conjure me 
faire la faveur s'il vous plaist, d'assurer a sa Grace que lors 
pue je ne seray plus util pour le service de sa Grace, 
que je ne point pretand point de plus vivre dans ce 
monde. Cest pourquoy, monsieur, je attandray tousjours 
r honneur de ces commendements pour luy aller servir jusques 
au butt du monde. Monsieur, sa Grace m'a parl^ a Kilkenny 
de faire une glasiere proch sa maison de Carrick mais toutes 
euvrages qui se fount de ces espece la en hivere, rarement 
sount ils bonnes, et pour faire une glasiere et assur^e, il foudroit 
commenser au printemps pour mieux faire. Cest ce, monsieur, 
ce que j'ay a vous dir a present et que je suis tres passionement. 

Monsieur, vostre tres humble et tres obeisent serviteur. 

Addressed: — A Monsieur, Monsieur le Page scecretaire a sa 
Grace Monseigneur le Due d'Ormond a Dublin. 

Endorsed : — Captain Archer. Eeceived 2nd December, '68.* 

[French] . 

Duchess of Ormond to Sir Stephen Fox. 

1668, September 28. Whitehall. — ^Eeceived and borrowed 
from the hands of Sir Stephen Fox the sum of 500Z, which sum I 

' * The speUing of the original has been followed in this transcript. 



201 

hereby promise to repay with interest of 61 per cent, at or 
upon the 28th day of March next ensuing the date hereof. 
And for security thereof I have placed in the hands of the 
said Sir Stephen Fox, a pair of diamond pendants and a 
diamond fosset ring, which I value at the rate of 700Z. I say 
received. E. Ormond. 

Witness: — G. Lane. 

I do attest this to be a true copy. Ste. Fox. 

Report on Works in Phosnix Park. 

1668, October 27. — Pursuant to your Lordship's commands, 
grounded on his Grace the Lord Lieutenant and council's 
orders, dated the 2nd of August, 1667, on the petition of 
William Dodson, Esq., we have viewed the work performed 
by the said William Dodson in and about the Phoenix and 
Chappellizard, and other things in the said Dodson 's petition 
mentioned. And do certify that two thirds of the wall 
about the Phoenix are so insuflBcient that they are not to 
be repaired without being clear taken down and new laid. 
And that the expense His Majesty hath been at (being 6,080Z 
65. lid.) about the said wall in the first building thereof 
might have done that work sufficiently at first in lime and 
stone without further expense of lOOi per annum, the cause 
of which insufficiency we have diligently enquired into, as 
well by our own view as information of several workmen 
employed by the said Dodson in the work aforesaid, and by 
both do find a great failure in that work occasioned by 
the badness of the stone, and that the said Dodson was 
frequently admonished thereof by the workmen employed by 
him; and we find that there is plenty enough of .very good 
stone in several quarries in and near the park aforesaid, and 
where these stones were laid we find the wall in many 
places insufficient, which we impute to the unskilfulness of 
some of the workmen employed by him, the said Dodson. 
As for the work about the house of Chapellizard, we do find 
the expense great, and nothing of the fabric of that house 
left by him proportionable to the expense of 999/ 55. lOd. 
pretended to be laid out by the petitoner, nor left by him 
stanch or sufficient to continue long habitable with safety. 
The new bridge of Chapellizard we find sufficiently done, and 
worth the sum of 195i Is. Id, alleged to be expended in that 
work. But as for the work alleged to be done at the house 
of the Phoenix, Ash town and Newtown, and other miscellaneous 
payments within the said park, amounting to the sum of 
1,073Z 5$. 9d., we cannot give any certain judgment, but leave 
it to his vouchers before the auditor of His Majesty's foreign 
accounts. All which we humbly certify. 

Postscript : — 1668, October 28. Dublin. — We here enclosed 
send you a copy of a reference to us directed, concerning Mr. 
Dodson 's work in and about the park, with a copy of our report 
thereof, which we desire you to shew to his Grace, and let us 



292 

know his Grace's opinion thereof, whether fit to be given in or 
not. We have shewed it to his Excellency here, who thinks fit 
that his Grace should be acquainted therewith; until we 
hear from you (which we desire to be as soon as may be) 
we, shall keep our report unreturned. 

Earl of Clanricardb to Ormond. 

1668, December 18. — I find by Captain Moragh Flaherty that 
your Grace is somewhat dissatisfied with certain expressions 
of mine in a letter to himself. I do not now remember the 
words, and perhaps at that time I was not careful enough to 
examine how they were couched in a private letter to a friend 
whom I employ about my concerns, and which I never expected 
should be produced before so eminent a person. But I can 
assure your Grace (whatever the words were) it was never 
my intention to express the Feast mistrust of your real friend- 
ship and constant favours, whereof I have had so many evident 
proofs, when I had not the honour of being so near related 
unto you, that I have no reason now to raise any doubt of 
the reality of your affection. 

The greatest jealousy I ever retained of your Grace is that 
you are not pleased to acquaint me with the condition of your 
own affairs, wherein I am more concerned than for any that 
relate unto myself, in regard they are of a higher sphere and 
greater consequence. I hope your Grace will do me the 
favour to believe it, and also this infallible truth, that no man 
in the world hath a greater passion and a more ardent zeal 
to serve you than, my Lord, etc., etc. 

John Baxter to Sir Geo. Lane. 

1669, June 1. Dublin. — ^Yours of 25th of April I have 
received, and have gotten a concordatum for 1,100Z laid out 
for the manufacture at Chapellizod, and by Captain Mathews 
his order have given it to Sir Daniel Bellingham on account 
of a greater sum due to him from his Grace, which Sir Daniel 
hath accepted of as payment- I have likewise stated his 
Grace's entertainment to the first of May last, out of which 
I have paid Mr. Croker the reijaainder of what was due to 
Sir George Carteret out of the l,050i paid to his Grace in 
London; I have been lately commanded by his Excellency 
to make as strict and private enquiry as I could into the 
charge of the Phoenix Park wall, the purchasing of lands in 
the said park, and other incident charges within the said 
park, which I have privately extracted out of the Treasurer's 
ofiice, the Auditor's office, and Mr. Dodson's account, as also 
by informaton what monies are unpaid, for lands purchased 
in the said park, besides the interest thereof due since 
September, 1663. A particular account whereof (according 
to my best computation) I send you here enclosed ; in which 
the first page doth mention the monies laid out for the wall 
and purchasing of lands, etc., amounting to the sum of 16,449i 
7^. lid. ; the second page doth mention the monies disbursed 



293 

for other uses within the said park, being 2,107i 135. Id. ; 
the third page doth mention the monies yet unpaid for lands 
purchased in the said park, being 8,0341, besides interest since 
September, 1663, which will come to at least 4,000i at ten 
per cent. ; all which, with 907Z Is. 8d. claimed by Mr. Dodson 
as yet unpaid for the park wall and repairing thereof at 1001 
per annum, will amount unto the sum of 31,498J 1*. 8d. ; 
but if his Grace be pleased to look on the copy of a 
report concerning Mr. Dodson's account sent over by Sir 
William Flower and myself, I believe his Grace will find 
that Mr. Dodson hath no reason to expect payment of that 
sum of 9071 IS' 8d. , but may be very glad to escape without 
further punishment for his fraud in that work or very ill 
management thereof. The clamours of ill affected people 
about the greatness of the charge to His Majesty in walling 
and purchasing lands in the park, and not paying of some other 
persons for their lands in this park, the prejudice done to some 
undertenants to lands unpurchased therein, and the ill making 
the wall in general by Mr. Dodson, I wish his Grace was 
once well freed from ; this account I am commanded by his 
Excellency to send to you to acquaint his Grace with. 

Postscript : — The whole charge that His Majesty hath been 
at about the manufactures at Chapellizod, come to 2,425Z 
Is. 3d., of which I sent his Grace a report of long since, as 
for that work, the rent of those houses will pay the interest 
of the money laid out, besides the general good intended 
thereby is come to great perfection in those manufactures. 

Account of Money Expended and Owing for Purchase 
OF Land and Works in the Phcenix Park. 

1669, June 1. — Payments made for building the Phoenix 
Park wall, and purchasing land within the said park. 

March 16th, 1662. — Lord John Kingston H s. d. 
on account of emparking 0800 : 00 : 00 

June 29th, 1663. — Michael Ennos to satisfy 
for breaking fences 0014 : 00 : 00 

January 9th, 1663 [-4]. — Colonel John 
Daniel for part of Grangegorman , and for 
breaking fences in carrying stones 0126 : 01 : 00 

February 5th, 1663 [-4].— Thomas Pooley, 
Esq., for lands taken into the Park 0500 : 00 : 00 

March 6th, 1662 [-3].— Lord Chancellor 
Eustace on account of Chappellizard 5000 : 00 : 00 

March 9th, 1665 [-6].— Grace Wolfenden 
for grazing horses employed for carrying stones 0018 : 00 : 00 

January 10th, 1665 [-6]. — John Council, 
Esq., for using his quarry at Pelletstown ... 0040 : 00 : 00 

February 28th, 1665 [-6] .—Sir John Temple 
for interest in lands in the Park 0200 : 00 : 00 

March 25th, 1667.— William and John 
Warren for interest in lands in the Park ... 0241 : 00 : 00 



294 

li 8. d, 

June 12th, 1667. — ^John Connell on 
account of interest in land in the Park ... 0280 : 00 : 00 

October 18th, 1667.— Item to him in full... 0360 : 00 : 00 

William Dodson, Esq., on account of 
emparking at several times 6080 : 06 : 11 

Alderman Daniel Hutchinson on account of 
Newtown within the Park 0800 : 00 : 00 



16449 : 07 : 11 



An Account of Moneys Disbursed for other uses within 

THE Phcenix Park. 

li 8. d. 
February 25th, 1663 [-4]. — Lord 
Dungannon storing the Park with deer ... 0200 : 00 : 00 

August 12th, 1663. — John Carcas surveying 
several parcels of land 0024 : 00 : 00 

March 3rd, 1664 [-5] .—January 28th, 1664 
f-5] . — Lord Dungannon storing the Park with 
deer, two warrants 0200 : 00 : 00 

June 18th, 1064. — Colonel Jeffryes trans- 
portation of deer 0034 : 00 : 00 

April 2nd, 1666.— Colonel Thomas Piggott 
transporting deer 0060 : 00 : 00 

William Dodson, Esq., for buildings and 
reparations at the Phoenix and Chappellizard 
at several times 1589 : 13 : 01 



The total disbursed as aforesaid 21 07 : 13 : 01 

The total paid for purchasing land in the 
said Park, and making the wall, is 16i49 : 07 : 11 

The total for purchasing land and other 
disbursements as aforesaid, is 18557 : 00 : 00 

Moneys yet due to the undernamed persons for lands 
purchased within the Ph(enix Park. 

li 8. d. 

Due to the executors of Sir Maurice Eustace, 
besides interest from Michaelmas, 1663, for 
the same 5000 : 00 : 00 

Due to Alderman Daniel Hutchinson, 
besides interest from Michaelmas, 1663, of 
which interest he hath only received 8001 
mentioned in the precedent account 3000 : 00 : 00 

Due to Eobert Bowyer, Esq., besides 
interest 0034 : 00 : 00 



The total due for land in the Phoenix Park 8034 : 00 : 00 



295 

li 8. d. 
The total disbursed, as by the two precedent 
pages appears 18557 : 00 : 00 

The total paid, with what remains due, is... 26591 : 00 : 00 

li s, d. 
More demanded as a debt due to Mr. Dodson 
on account of miscellaneous disbursements 
within the said Park, and repairing the Park 
wall at 100/ ver annum 00907 : 01 : 08 

li s. d. 
Which, if allowed, amounts the account to 27498 : 01 : 08 

For interest of 8034Z, yet unpaid, since 
September, 1663, to September, 1669, besides 
the 800Z paid to Alderman Hutchinson, as 
above 04000 : 00 : 00 



31498 : 01 : 08 



Endorsed : — An account of money paid for land purchased 
within the Phoenix Park, for making the wall, repairs at 
Chappellizard and Phoenix, with what yet remains due for 
purchased land, etc., within the said Park. 

Keceived from Mr. Baxter the 6th of June, 1669. 



John Graham to Eichard Delves. 

1669, June 1. Dublin. — Yours dated the 22nd of this 
instant came to my hands the 29th of the same, wherein 
you are pleased to signify the Queen being with child, and the 
safe arrival of the horses, both which were welcome news to 
me, especially the first ; I perceive I am no longer to continue 
of this family, which is no mean affliction to me. My 
judgment (upon this unhappy change) rendering me incapable 
to continue my now employment, or in any military 
condition. The premisses considered, I humbly desire you 
will as wontedly be pleased in commiseration of my condition 
and great charge, to implore his Grace's charity in bestowing 
upon me the Old White Pad, which is now useless, and Gray 
Fulks, which notwithstanding this winter's running remains 
foundered, and will ever be so. My Lord of Ossory never 
rode the old white horse but once, and he then said he was 
not worth keeping, having neither pace nor limbs to bear him. 
The old bay Spanish horse we had from my Lord Dungannon , 
I find not proper for a stallion any longer in regard of his 
great age, for we have but four mares this year in foal by 
him. 



296 

Pray so soon as possible vouchsafe me your answer, and 
if his Grace be pleased to give me the horses, pray get me 
his note for them, and by the first send it to me. 

Postscript: — If opportunity present, pray afford me your 
favourable recommendation to my Lord Eoberts, Gentleman of 
the Horse, that I may be continued in the same capacity I 
have been. I hear one, Mr. Bridges, is the man who is brother- 
in-law to Mr. Oliver Lambert, by whose means you may if 
you please do my business by engaging of Colonel Cooke to 
solicit Mr. Lambert in the thing. 

A Prayer for Queen Catherine. 

Lord God, who extendeth Thy mercies to a thousand 
generations of them that fear Thee, be gracious to these 
nations of Great Britain and Ireland ; pardon our sins, which 
make us difi&dent of Thy future blessings and unworthy of 
Thy present favours, and prevail upon us by all the benefits 
we have received to bear proportion to Thy loving kindness, 
and to endear Thy providence for our continual welfare and 
prosperity; by perfect obedience to Thy holy laws, loyalty 
to our Gracious Sovereign, and charity to one another; and 
beside the vast rewards Thou hast already promised to well- 
doing, continue the hopes Thou hast permitted us to conceive 
of receiving the greatest of earthly blessings, by assuring 
the succession of this Imperial Crown to the happy issue of our 
most Gracious Sovereign and his Royal Consort, Queen 
Katherine. Preserve thine handmaid from all evil accidents 
that may render our hopes abortive, and command all natural 
causes to be subservient to the safety of her person, the 
making her a happy mother, and the perfecting of this great 
blessing, which we have only confidence to ask of thee, the 
God of boundless mercies, for the sake of the ever blessed 
Jesus, our dearest Lord and Mediator. Amen. 

Lord J. Butler to Ormond. 

1669, June 21. — I should not have given your Lordship 
the disturbance of these lines had it not been to acquaint 
you the condition I am in, which will be very ill without your 
Lordship's favour, for I have had the advantage of your 
equipage, which was a great credit to me, and if it should 
be taken away now I have the most need to appear well 
before the new Governor (who as I am informed will look 
narrowly into everything of this nature). I should be very 
much out of countenance not to appear suitable to the 
employment I have ; my mother is pleased to bring with her 
the particulars of my request, and I do assure your Lordship 
that they shall not at all suffer in my hands, but shall be 
ready when you please to command them. I desire to know 
of your Lordship what you will do with those of the guard 
that attend you, and what other commands your Lordship 
hath, and it shall be punctually obeyed. 



297 

Ormond to Capt. Geo. Mathbw. 

1669, August 10. Whitehall. — ^I have received yours of 
the Slst of the last and 3rd of this month. Now that the 
books of valuation are perfected and placed where they should 
be, I conceive it will be safest in all respects and of great 
conveniency otherwise that you obtain acquittances for as 
many adventurers or soldiers as shall give you sufficient security 
for payment of their shares within such time as you shall 
agree upon, which ought to be as short as you can bring 
them to consent to, during which time it is but reasonable 
that they should allow such interest as I am paying by their 
default. And since by agreeing with me they avoid the penalty 
annexed by the Act to their non-payment; I conceive for 
as much as you shall thus contract for, I am safe from the 
pretence of preference of the '49 officers, and from any trick 
that may be put upon me when the Lieutenant arrives. It 
may not be amiss as soon as you have given acquittances 
and received security, that you make offer of it to the person 
authorised by Sir Eobert Vyner to receive his money, he 
giving me a discharge for so much of his debt, and likewise 
to Sir Daniel Bellingham for so much as remains of his. 

I am glad my Patent for the 5,000/ a year is passed the 
Seal, and do wonder on what ground some of the '49 officers 
were brought to think themselves concerned to oppose it; 
the question will now be how I shall bring it to be of present 
use to my subsistence, for though the contract with the King 
is that I shall receive the first payment, I think on the first 
of November, yet you know the King's Michaelmas rents 
are seldom paid in till Easter term following, so I shall be 
always half-a-year behind till my last payment, unless the rents 
be so good that the tenants will voluntarily pay them, or 
unless Sir George Carteret can find an expedient to help 
me. It may further be considered whether some entry of my 
patent in the Exchequer may not be necessary, that the 
officers may not write out or issue process for those rents 
passed to me, which may retard my payments and prove a 
vexation to the tenants. 

I think you are in the right touching West and Buck, 
and I shall govern myself accordingly ; yet with some regard 
to Buck, who is upon making a fortune here by marriage, 
in which I am content to help him. 

Sir George Lane to Capt. Geo. Mathbw. 

1669, October 5. Dublin. — I thank you for the favour 
and kindness of yours dated the second of this month, with 
which I received the note concerning the school, wherein I 
have consulted Mr. Solicitor, who finding not precedent for 
such a grant here, advises me to send to my Lord to search 
if there be any such grant to be found on that side ; he is 
very apprehensive the thing cannot be done but by Act of 
Parliament. The '49 agents have not as yet appeared iu 



298 

anything, but the Lord Lieutenant calling on Sir Alexander 
Bence for an account of the 300,000!, and having caused a 
copy of my Lord's patent for the 5,0001 a year to be made, 
my Lord Arran and Mr. Solicitor think it of absolute necessity 
that you hasten hither to produce the King's letter for my 
Lord's preference for payment before the King's part, and 
to take care of these particulars, in which I will do all I can 
in the meantime. Mr. Wallis shall be spoken to for a copy 
to be made of my Lord's patent for the 5,0001 to be sent 
him, but it is so long that I do not believe it can be despatched 
before you come. I send you a letter from one, Prendergast, 
and think it will be acceptable to my Lord and Lady if you 
can do something that may stop bis going into England, 
and giving their Graces further trouble by his importunity. 
I send you enclosed these letters from my Lord and Lady 
Duchess, hearing by Mr. Page you are at Kilkenny, though 
I was told by another you intended for Waterford. 

Postscript : — I pray present the very best of service to my 
dear Lady Mathews, and put her in mind of the great fool 
who made her and us laugh so heartily. 

Sir Geo. Lane to Lord Ossory. 

1669, October 26. Kilkenny. — I am very glad to hear of 
your safe arrival and the reception you had from your master, 
which I never doubted of. I have made a full inquiry of 
the monies I acquainted your Lordship with that was 
forced to be paid the second time by soldiers that were assessed 
upon the County of Tipperary, by the orders of my Lord 
of Orrery and my Lord of Mountrath. I find the time when 
this was done was in April, 1660, so that I conceive that the 
Act of Indemnity frees them from the crime of that illegal 
proceeding. I have 500/, but cannot as yet procure bills to 
be sent by the bearer, but if I can they shall overtake him 
at Dublin. Three pounds in the hundred is demanded for 
the return. All the friends here are very well, and my 
Lord Roberts himself gives you the character of a very 
honourable and worthy person, and wishes no greater happiness 
than to quit his charge with that esteem from the people as 
your Lordship hath done. I can as yet make no progress 
in your father's affairs, for want of those acquittances Sir 
George Carteret promised I should have. 

Captain Egoth to 



1669, October 26. Kinsale Fort. — ^I apprehended it my duty 
to desire you to acquaint his Grace, that about two days since 
I saw a letter from the Earl of Orrery to Major Love, who 
is Lieutenant of this company, wherein he was very earnest 
with him to send a copy of his Grace's orders, which were for the 
burning and detaining Monsieur Choisin, a French merchant of 
this place, his ships that were in this harbour during the late 
wars. What his Lordship's intentions are I know not, but 



299 

I am sure his desires were very vehement for the speedy 
sending over the said orders. 

1669, November 16. Holyrood House. — Your release 
from the late order by what Eobert Murray writ this day 
seven night, was welcome in the highest degree, for I was 
afflicted above measure to have so great a business miscarry 
in my hand by precipitation, which will go well here; if 
we meet with any suitable return we may well wait some 
time, and since it will be at last considered at Westminster, 
unless they be resolved to reject it, then I hope you will 
allow us to do something for our trade now turned, but I 
have troubled you too much on this subject already. 

I received your instructions concerning your supremacy, 
dated the 9th instant; immediately went about the obeying 
it; on Sunday before noon I shewed it to my Lord St. 
Andrew. He said he acquiesced, but I found the old spirit 
of Presbytery did remain with some of the bishops, and that 
a most impertinent paper was drawn even against the Act, 
so unwilling are Churchmen, by what name or title soever 
the are dignified, to part with power, and they would forsooth 
desire a conference with me about it, but I found ways to 
fright them out of the current of their conceits; so this 
morning early I went to the articles, and resolved to bring 
it in the first business. I brought in the Parliament before 
eleven, and had it passed without so much as a contrary vote 
before noon. As soon as it was voted, I called for your 
sceptre and solemnly touched it, and the Act of Militia, with 
two other small Acts, and appointed the Acts of Militia and 
Supremacy to be forthwith printed and solemnly published; 
the first makes you Sovereign of the Church ; you may dispose 
of the bishops and ministers, and remove them and transplant 
them as you please (which I doubt you cannot do in England). 
In a word, this Church, nor no meeting, nor no ecclesiastical 
person in it, can ever trouble you more unless you please, 
and the other Act settles you 20,000 men to make good that 
power. But by the way they say that the Militia Act gives 
jealousy in England, because it is declared you may command 
them to any of your Dominions; though there is no new clause 
in this Act, it is verbatim the Act six years ago, this only 
ascertains and regulates the Militia, and if any shall talk to 
you of such jealousy, you may easily tell them from me better 
news, and if that you command them, not only this militia 
but all the fencible men in Scotland shall march when and 
where you shall please to command, for never was King so 
absolute as you are in poor old Scotland. We have been 
working through great opposition of merchants, almost in all 
the boroughs, for regulating and ascertaining the excise and 
customs ; it is very long, and was this day read in the House, 
the articles meet each two for the finishing of it, and at ten 
of the clock the Parliament, where I hope it shall pass, but 
I must trouble you no more; Robin Murray will say the rest. 



300 

Sir Geo. Lane to Capt. Geo. Mathbw. 

1669, December 14. Dublin. — I am to account for yours 
of the 8th and 10th, received on the 10th and 13th instant. 
I suppose in these letters from my lady, and others to yourself 
and your lady, you will have the news of the Lord of Orrery. 
Our chiefest comfort is that my Lord keeps his ground still 
and is yet unattacked, and I hope he will continue so, or if 
he do not that, his enemy will not be able to do him any 
hurt. I send the copies of papers passed lately between my 
Lord and Sir Robert Vyner, that you may answer I think 
better than I can how that debt is accounted here in his 
Grace's behalf. This is my Lord's question to me, and 
therefore I pray in your next let him have your answer. 
I have caused the question to be asked Mr. Taylor and 
Captain Corker, and they professed to know nothing of it. 

Proposals concerning Londonderry. 

The humble proposals of Colonel John Gorges in order to 
His Majesty's service in the City and County of Londonderry. 

That your Grace will be pleased to order that the store 
there may be allowed so much munition of powder, match 
and ball as your Grace shall judge fit for that place, their 
being a very small quantity now. 

That your Grace would please to order that there may be 
also a proportion of swords and bandoliers for the companies 
of that garrison. That your Grace will please to complete 
the citadel there, or give commands for its demolishing, it 
being now of no strength, but rather an encouragement to 
an enemy to surprise it. 

That you would be pleased in regard of the poverty of 
the City of Londonderry, of want of trade and the late fire, 
to recommend by your Grace's letter to the adjacent parts 
of the Counties of Londonderry, Tyrone, and Donegal to 
contribute to the fire and other necessaries for the guards of 
the garrisons of Londonderry and Castle of Culmore, they 
having equal safety with that city by those garrisons. 

That your Grace will vouchsafe the guns of the City of 
Londonderry to be speedily mounted on carriages. 

Case of Dowager Countess of Clancarty. 

The Countess Dowager of Clancarty being empowered by the 
last will and testament of Donogh, late Earl of Clancarty, to 
ascertain the lands that should be liable to one thousand pounds 
yearly for the livelihood and maintenance of his son, Justin 
McCarty, during his life, she, the said Countess Dowager, 
having pursuant to the said will ascertained the same accordingly, 
by the advice and consent of James Duke of Ormond, and 
others named overseers of the said will ; the writing by which 
she so ascertained the same, and wherein the consent and 
concurrence of the said James, Duke of Ormond, and of the rest 



801 

of the overseers doth appear, is so necessary to be had in the 
behalf of her said son Justin, that by the want thereof he cannot 
himself, nor the said Countess Dowager in his behalf, justify 
to distrain, or hath any means for want thereof to be settled 
in the possession of the lands so ascertained for him, and 
thereby his brother, the now Earl of Clancarty, taketh occasion 
to deprive the said Justin of his yearly maintenance, his 
Lordship knowing that the said Countess Dowager or her 
said son Justin have not the said writing to produce or make 
use of, the said Countess Dowager finding that his Grace 
the Duke of Ormond did rather incline to have an estate in 
fee or fee tail settled on the said Justin, for the subsistence 
of him, his wife and children, than that so great a rent 
as one thousand pounds yearly should issue out of the said 
Earl's estate, to which the said Countess Dowager and her 
said son Justin did give their assent, as may appear by an 
award to that effect made by his said Grace, whereupon the 
said Countess Dowager did put the said former writing made 
by her as aforesaid for ascertaining the lands which should 
be liable to the said thousand pounds yearly into his 
Grace's hands, expecting the now Earl of Clancarty would 
perform his Grace's said award, to which he did also 
formerly assent; yet now she finds the said Earl doth 
decline the performance of the said award, and doth not secure 
any lands pursuant thereunto to the said Justin, which he 
doth the rather neglect, that the said writing is not in the 
hands of the said Countess, being given and put into his 
Grace's hands in trust as aforesaid, and therefore desireth 
to have the said writing again, not that she intends to make 
use thereof. 

I presented another petition to my Lord Lieutenant to 
the effect of that whereof I sent my Lord a copy the last 
post, but his Excellency was pleased to stop the reading of 
it at council. Sir George Lane happened to be this day 
present in council when the business of the purchase of the 
Park was very much pressed to be reported into England, 
it appearing there was 30,000Z contracted for when the King 
gave warrant only for 20,000J, but his arguments prevailed 
to give a stop to it until his Grace be made first acquainted 
with the state of the business, as it now appears to the Board 
here. 

Archbishop Boyle, Lobd Chancellor op Ireland, to 

Ormond. 

• 

1669, March 22. — I understand from many hands how 
exceedingly I am obliged to your Grace's favour for the increase 
of my allowance, and yet I find myself in no degree capable of 
acknowledging more services to your Grace than I have ever 
preferred. I lay under so many obligations already, yet I 
have nothing left me but to repeat my duty in being without 
any reserve, etc., etc. 

Signed: — Michael Dublin, C. 



302 

Patent for Silver Coinage in Dublin. 

A brief of the Patent granted to Sir Thomas Vyner, Mr. 
Robert Vyner, and Sir Daniel Bellingham for minting small 
silver money in Ireland. 

Considerations on the Patent itself, and inducements to it. 

The Patent to be passed without making any return 
thereof. 

The advantage and general use of small money. 

The consideration of the Lords Justices and Council 
of Ireland, their representation thereof. 

The many services done by the Patentees to enjoy 
the same for twenty-one years from the date, without 
any account for the same. 

The manner of managing it, and rules for direction therein. 

A mint house conceived necessary. 

Positive command to erect one in Dublin, and passing 
of groats or id. pieces and under. 

The officers of Master Worker, Warden, Comptroller, 
and Assay Master of the Mint established. 

Power to settle stipends or other reasonable allowances 
on the said officers. 

The said power of minting granted to the said Patentees. 

The said small money to be issued as they can 
conveniently. 

Distinction of said small money ordered. 

Half-penny pieces — on one side a crown, on the other 
a harp. 

Penny pieces — on one side the effigies of His Majesty, 
and on the other a harp crowned. 

2d. pieces — on one side the same effigies and a figure 
to denominate its value, and on the other a harp crowned. 

3d. pieces — on one side the same effigies and figure, 
on the other a harp crowned, and this motto: oblectat 
et reperat. 

4d. pieces — the same, or such other stamp judged 
convenient. 

A privy mark to be stamped and altered at pleasure. 

To be made according to the fineness of England's 
standard, pixed, assayed, and proved. 

Sworn officers and bullion imported. 

One ounce half-penny pieces ; two of 2d. pieces ; three 
of 3d. pieces ; four of 4d. pieces in every pound containing 
12ozs. troy standard silver. 

Every pound weight to be 3Z 10s. in tale, with allowance 
of 6 dwt. in every pound for sheering, etc. 

For fineness 2 dwt. in every pound — ^that is 11 ozs., 
2 dwt. fine, and 18 dwt. allay in every pound troy. 

To run current in these denominations. 



808 

Patentees paying 12d. of small silver money out of 
every pound weight troy. 

The 8d., 12d., to be deducted by officers of the Mint. 

To the use of His Majesty and successors without any 
further order, or putting the Patentees to any further 
account, they paying and defraying the 8d. charge, etc., 
of minting, etc. 

Excepting the allowances made to thiB Master Worker, 
Warden Comptroller, Assay Master, and other chief 
officers. 

A quantity of small money still to be ready to deliver 
out. 

The said Patentees to send them abroad into all parts 
of Ireland. 

Provisos and Provisions for the encouragement of the 
Patentees. 

None obliged to receive above 2s. in a pound in 
payment. 

A general prohibition of all others to mint or coin small 
money. 

Or that any pass be made for other parts or places. 

Except what were passable the 30th January, 1648. 

A forfeiture if any other be paid forth. 

And of all engines, etc. 

Imprisonment, etc. 

One moiety thereof to His Majesty and successors, the 
other to the said Patentees. 

Without any account. 

Power for the Patentees with a constable, etc. , to attach, 
etc. 

To seize and carry away, etc. 

That all Governors and officers do cause the same to 
pass by all ways and means, etc. 

A command to all officers to be assisting in execution 
hereof. 

Penalties to the refusers. 

The Patent on any account proving defective, to be 
further confirmed and strengthened. 

Pardons from time to time to be passed to the Patentees. 

Upon trying the assay, and pix being found agreeable, 
etc. , the pardons to pass. 

Proclamation hereof to be made in all parts. 

The Patent to be good in law, notwithstanding any 
defect that may be or can be pretended. 

Notwithstanding any grant formerly to any other. 

Capt. Geo. Mathbw to Lobd Chancellor Boyle. 

1670, May. Thomastown. — I am forced to give your 
Grace this trouble of the enclosed state of my Lord Duke of 
Ormond's title in his impropriate tithes, by reason of the great 
disturbance I meet with from my Lord Archbishop of Cashel, 



S04 

who is no way satisfied with the allowance my Lord gave 
for serving the cures before the war in the several church 
livings within this diocese, nor will not allow that my Lord 
has the presentation of cures in his one church living, as 
hitherto has been pra^ised. 

I desire your Grace will be pleased to direct me what is 
just and reasonable to be done herein, that so I may act 
blameless pursuant to your advice, upon which I am sure my 
Lord does chiefly depend. 

Sir Geo. Lane to Capt. Geo. Mathew. 

1670, June 11. Whitehall. — I send you enclosed by my 
Lord's command, an account of the disbursement of the monies 
received and secured upon the sale of Moor Park ; the purchase 
money being 13,200i , besides which disbursements there 
is 500/ promised to be speedily paid to one, Rogers, by which 
you will perceive how small a proportion will remain to his 
Grace, which occasions his desire that you will use all diligence 
for his supply, which is all I have at present in command. 

Postscript : — The writings will not be ready to be signed 
till about the 29th of this month. 

Endorsed on back by Capt. Mathew : — I am glad to hear by 
yours of the 11th instant, that the sale of Moor Park is like to 
stop so great a gap and accruing interest ; you may assure my 
Lord no endeavours shall be wanting in me for his supply. 
I did attest copies of two bills, which her Grace gave you, 
and in our last account you gave up the originals. I desire 
those copies under my hand may be delivered to her Grace, 
I having desired her Grace to call for them. 

Capt. Geo. Mathew to Sir N. Plunkett. 

1670, July 26. Kilkenny. — My Lord's public monies coming 
in so slowly, it lies not in me out of any other branch of my 
Lord's estate to promise Sir Pat. Muledy any part of his 
principal. The prize wines which I formerly intended to 
settle for his satisfaction, are now to be set by his Grace, 
the merchants choosing rather to deal with his Grace than 
with me. 

I have lately transmitted the full state of his Grace's fortune 
unto him, and until I receive particular orders, I cannot dispose 
of any of his Eevenue otherwise than is already settled for 
his maintenance and the payment of interest, which shall be 
my care to see punctually discharged. 

Its possible Sir Pat. might deal with some of the tenants 
on sight of his security, but my occasions are so pressing 
otherwise that I cannot attend treating with them about it. 
I would on the account do what lay in my power to pay oflF 
Sir Patrick, but till directions come out of England nothing 
further can be done. 

Pray excuse me to Sir Pat. Muledy in regard I can write 
nothing to him more than herein is inserted. 



305 

Sir Geo. Lane to Capt. Geo. Mathew. 

1670, July 30. Whitehall. — I have only at present from 
my Lord and my Lady Duchess in command, to tell you that 
their Graces, hearing my Lord Lieutenant intends to give a 
visit to Kilkenny, they have commanded me to desire you 
to direct Captain Baxter to take care he be entertained as 
well as is possible, or as if their Graces were to come there, 
and to that end they desire (if his Excellency goes there) 
that the furniture may be put up again, and all provisions 
laid in, and that if his Excellency shall think fit to go further 
into the country, and home that way, that the same care 
may be taken for his entertainment there. 

Postscript: — In the enclosed from her Grace, you will have 
particular directions concerning my Lord Lieutenant's 
reception. 

CoL. E. Vernon to Sir Geo. Lane. 

1670, August 25. Ampthill. — Dear Sir George : I heartily 
thank you for yours ; your so generously engaging in that affair 
puts a greater value upon your friendship in it; and I am 
much obliged to Lord Carlingford for acquainting you with it. 
By your character I know Mr. Fitzgerald, and that upon 
parting with his religion (which he hath again taken up) to 
troop under Harry Cromwell, he was placed by him in the 
Temple library. And he was of Mr. Barker's counsel in Ireland 
and England in this concern against the King, and so 
consequently against what he seems to design, for his name- 
sake the Mayor (as he styles him) until he and his brother 
quit their master. Orrery. Much more of knavery I could 
say as to the person of the man, and as much to his businesses, 
which my Lord Ashley w^as pleased to tell me was by the 
lawyer brought before him, desiring a caveat might be entered 
upon those allegations in the petitions. That upon discoursing 
it with him, his Lordship refused to entertain it, or to put 
a stop to the docket upon that account ; for his Lordship told 
him that if his client had had a pretence as was alleged, 
he ought to have made it out against Barker before the 
Commissioners of Claims in Ireland, whose power was many 
years since determined. And now it's near ten years since 
the declaration he mentions, before any news of the Banner 
man. 

I conceive there is not anything necessary to be added to 
his Lordship's reasons but my wonder how the caveat was 
afterwards repeated, for I will not believe that Sir George 
remembered how Fitzgerald became a Templer. 

I am without book, and do not remember the words of 
page 26. But I well know, and so doth Mr. Fitzgerald, 
that these lands were disposed of to the uses of the declaration 
and the law upon it; and that part of them in three towns, 
Cahiragihen, etc., with the chief rents and house, the Glen 
Wt. 8878 T 



306 

Castle, are decreed and possessed by Alderman Barker at the 
time, and that the rest were possessed (according to rule) by 
the assignees of Dike and Cunningham, and had near been 
so had not the Explanatory Act vested them in His Majesty. 
And after many contests, and after a commission of inquiry 
to find His Majesty's title as to the forfeiture of the old 
proprietor and the value, about this time twelve months by 
injunction out of the exchequer, they were placed in charge 
in the court. These are the lands Sir Edward Fitzharris 
pretends to as his Lady's inheritance ; the other Fitzgerald 
by entail. I shall not determine their title, but this I 
know that neither of them have any title against the King 
in law or equity; and what either of them can hope for 
must be from the Duke of Ormond's declaration upon the 
grant, for Thomas Fitzgerald, under whom they both claim, 
was an arrant rebel, and I have heard and believe the Major 
was no better; and the Explanation Act takes little notice 
of Banner men, nor either of the acts of such descents. 

I have held you too long upon this account, and shall now 
tell you that that will please you, which is, that my Lord 
Duke is very well, and we all live sober and godly lives. 
This day his Grace (to whom I shewed your letter, and he 
was much concerned at the delay) dine'th at Lord Bedford's ; 
at night is for Northampton; the next night at Leicester, 
and may be at Lord Chesterfield's, Saturday by noon ; what 
commands you have, be pleased to send them in my Lord's 
packet, for I will not leave him so long as he is so near the 
divell's ars in the Peak, or barked at by any of his enemies, 
so that where he is I am. About this day sennight you will 
have read this, and by that time, I presume, I shall know 
from you that the document is signed ; sweet meat must have 
sour sauce, therefore this letter attends my Lord to you. 

Postscript: — I shall desire one, Mr. Wolfe, whom I have 
desired to look after this business and to discharge the fees, 
to attend you. He is a very honest and able, though a very 
modest person, and in great employments. 

Col. E. Vernon to Sir Geo. Lane. 

1670, September 1. Bretby. — I received yours of the 
27th August, and have communicated the enclosed to many. 
I had returned it by this, but that Lord Conway is to be 
here this night, who shall have a sight of it. I wish he 
had been upon Tuesday in the forest, where there was above 
three hundred horse and not one Roundhead a [ ] with 

the Duke of Ormond. I believe to-morrow will produce twice 
the number. 

In yours you desire me to do your good ofiSces to my wife, 
for you were never in more need of diversion than now ; 
well done to employ me in your low concerns to my own wife, 
but my Lady Duchess shall know it. 



\ 



307 

God be thanked her Grace is very well, and I hope we shall 
so continue, for we are very careful of our healths; and pray 
you proceed in your visiting as to the Carrick. 

Col. E. Vebnon to Sir Geo. Lane. 

1670, September 8. Sudbury. — You will think it strange 
to be troubled by one post with two letters from me, the 
first written from Chatsworth, which being delivered to the 
post, and afterwards understanding by my Lord Duke that 
he intended to leave that place upon Friday, and to stay 
at Stayly and Hardwicke, places of little receipt, until 
Wednesday next, I got leave of him to come into the posts 
until then to meet your mistress and my wife; so that if 
you do me the favour to write to me by Saturday post, direct 
your letter to me at Sudbury in Derbyshire, by Derby post. 

Francis, Lord Aungibr, to Capt. Geo. Mathew. 

1670, October 8. Dublin. — My Lord of Arran and the 
rest of my Lord Duke of Ormond's friends here in town, are 
of opinion that it highly imports his Grace's affairs, especially 
that of his 50,000/, that you immediately repair to town, 
where the best opportunity will be had of consulting and 
resolving what course will be most effectual and conducing 
to his Grace's payment. Of this I thought fit to give you 
notice, that I may not be wanting in the least measure of 
paying my duty to that noble person, to whom I am so much 
obliged, and whose interest I am no less concerned for than 
my own. I hope therefore you will immediately hasten 
hither, where you shall more at large be discoursed with 
in this affair. 

Ormond to Capt. Geo. Mathew. 

1670, October 25. Clarendon House. — I have yours of the 
12th instant from Clonmel, and the last week I received letters 
from my son Arran, the Lord Chancellor, and Lord Aungier, 
all of them giving me an account of the composition with 
the '49 men, and seeming to believe it would be to my 
advantage, but giving me no reasons for that opinion; withal 
they propose that you should agree with persons liable to the 
payment of the year's value, so as to secure the money and 
prevent the bringing of it into the Exchequer, from whence 
it may upon some real or pretended necessity for the public 
service be drawn out to other uses than my satisfaction. 
I confess there may be some danger of that, but I know not 
how the money would have been brought in without process, 
nor will anything sooner dispose men to deal with you for 
acquittances than the issuing of process, so that if anything 
be to be done securely that way, I conceive this is the fittest 
time for it, but that I leave entirely to your judgment ; and 
in the meantime I am endeavouring here to prevent the 



308 

giving of any acquittances upon the composition, or the 
disposing of what shall be brought into the Exchequer any 
other way than to me- I am satisfied, and I have already 
written to my Lord Aungier to put him in mind of the 
directions he hath for my preference, and desiring him to 
force what remains in Bellingham's hands from him, that it 
may be applied to Vyner's satisfaction. I hope this will find 
you at Dublin, where I hope you will soon after receive full 
directions in my behalf. 

Archbishop Boyle, Lord Chancellor of Ireland, to 

Ormond. 

1670, November 26. St. Sepulchre's, Dublin. — After my 
hearty commendations to your Grace, I greet you well, whereas 
there hath been of late a Bill of Complaint exhibited against 
your Grace in His Majesty's High Court of Chancery here, 
by Dame Martha Pierce, widow, the relict of Anthony, late 
Lord Bishop of Meath. I have thought good to give your 
Grace notice thereof rather by these my private letters, than 
by awarding His Majesty's ordinary process. Wherefore 
these are to pray and require your Grace to give order for 
taking out a copy of the said Bill, and for the putting in 
your answer thereunto at or before the first return of the 
next Hilary Term, according to the usual course in such 
cases accustomed. Of which nothing doubting but your 
Grace will have that care and regard which appertaineth, 
I bid your Grace heartily farewell. 

Endorsed: — Dame Martha Pierce, widow, the relict of 
Anthony, late Lord Bishop of Meath, plaintiff ; and his Grace, 
James, Duke of Ormond and others, defendants. 

Sir John Temple to Capt. Geo. Mathew. 

1670, December 6. Dublin. — I received yesterday a letter 
from my Lord of Ormond, wherein he tells me that he intends 
to advise you to proceed in taking good security for his money, 
allowing days of payment, and that without interest, that 
so the '49 men may not have that advantage of compounding 
with those that owe money upon easier terms than you have 
done, and he thereby also declares his opinion that if the 
time given be not above a year, he may possibly get the 
money that way as soon as by the Exchequer process. 
I suppose you will hear further from him to this purpose, 
and I think he has taken no ill resolution, for thereby he 
will make his payment certain, and without any possibility 
of further delay. That which I have to advise you in it, 
is only, first, that you do not take security presently for the 
whole money, but that you may receive all the ready money 
that will come in next term from those sheriffs that have 
not yet accounted, and upon the writs of assistance, and 
next, that you do not make one general rule for all persons 



309 

that shall offer security, but that you make the best bargains 
that you can with the several persons that you shall deal 
with, and some I believe will be content to pay some interest, 
though not the full interest of 101 per cent., and others will 
be satisfied with less time than a year. If your occasions 
will permit you to be here at the beginning of next term, 
and to stay till the end of it, I make no doubt but you may 
then be able either to receive or secure the whole remainder 
of your debt. I am going this day into England, and desire 
you to let me some times hear from you there, if there be 
any further obstruction in this business than I can foresee is 
likely to happen ; and I shall not fail to give you the best 
assistance I can, either in writing to the Barons or in making 
more haste over myself than I now design, if you find my 
presence here will be of any use to you in it. 

Sib John Templb to Gapt. Geo. Mathew. 

1670, December 31. London. — I wrote to you just before 
my leaving Ireland, and then gave you an account of what 
my Lord of Ormond had lately writ to me about the taking 
security for his money, and giving some time for payment 
of it without expecting any interest. Since my coming 
hither, I have spoken with his Grace about it, and we do 
both agree that the letter which is lately gone over for 
disallowing the composition made with the '49 officers, hath 
made some alteration in that affair, so that we believe you 
may very quickly secure the rest of my Lord's 50,000/ upon 
terms more to his advantage than those which he was then 
willing to consent unto. 

I do not find my Lord inclined to that proposal which 
both you and I have made him of applying the ready money 
that shall come in towards the payment of other debts for 
which he pays interest, rather than to the discharge of the 
interest of Sir Robert Vyner's debt, because he having assigned 
that money absolutely to Sir Robert Vyner towards satisfaction 
of that his debt, it might seem not to be fair for my Lord 
to apply any part of it to any other uses. I hope you will 
find as good sum of money to come in next term upon those 
sheriffs accounts which did not account last term, they having 
no pretence of want of time for the executing their process, 
and I suppose some service also will be done upon the writs 
of assistance that were ordered to issue to those sheriffs who 
did account last term. I suppose my Lord Lieutenant 
and council will not think fit to enlarge the time for the next 
payment, and then you will find it necessary that someone 
be employed to mind Mr. Sands to prepare the process for all 
that is unpaid, that so it may issue as soon as the first of 
March is past, and may be returnable about the end of Easter 
term, and then you having such letters as you now have 
from my Lord Aungier to the sheriffs to pay you what money 
they shall levy, I doubt not but you will be speedily satisfied 
the remainder of your money. 



310 

Sib John Tehplb to Oaft. Geo. Mathbw. 

1670 [-1], February 4. Dublin. — I am glad to hear you 
are safe and well there. Your letter of the 3l8t of December 
last came not to my hands till 'ere yesterday. 

I find things here much as you seemed to believe they would 
be, for the sheriffs are now on their accounts, and what 
money they pay I am like to receive without obstruction. 
I have gotten the Judges to order Mr. Sands to issue process 
by the first of March, to be accountable in Easter term, and 
if our friends there can hinder any order for the '49 or otherwise 
to obstruct us, I am in hopes to receive most part of my 
Lord's money by the end of Easter term, though my Lord 
Aungier's letters to the. sheriff produced but 300/ by reason 
of the supersedeases and large allowances from the '49 men 
as they had last time. I forbore prosecuting our plea for 
freeing some part of my Lord's old estate from the year's 
value, until I saw precedents of others in the like case. I am 
doubtful what the issue will be, and therefore our case shall 
be the last argued. 

Obmond to Capt. Geo. Mathew. 

1670 [-1] , January 17. Clarendon House. — As soon as a stop 
was put to the further prosecution of the composition with 
the '49 ofl&cers I gave you notice of it, and advised you whilst 
that stop remained to endeavour not only the getting in what 
ready money you could, but to make the best agreement you 
could with such as are to pay, lest a revocation of that stop 
should be obtained upon representations of advantage to His 
Majesty from the Lord Lieutenant. I hope you have made 
good use of this time, the rather that my Lord Aungier assures 
me he gave you all the help he could. It is now endeavoured 
that the compact with the '49 men should be again revived, 
and I do not know but it may at length be so determined, 
but I think if it shall, I shall be able to keep it off for some time, 
and in the end have my preference reserved to me, I know 
you apprehend that, both to secure my payment and stop the 
cause of interest, nothing can improve my fortune more than 
a speedy conclusion of this affair, and therefore I cannot doubt 
but that you will apply all possible diligence and industry 
in effecting what may set us at ease hereafter. 

When I made the bargain with Bucknall for the 5,000/ 
a year, I told you that sum and what I sold Moor Park for, 
would not only pay some debts but keep me till the spring, 
which time draws on, and therefore I desire you would 
consider and then let me know in what proportion and times 
you think you shall be able to supply me either for any 
support here or transportation thither, by the prospects I 
can yet take of affairs here, and by comparing them with my 
private concerns. I do not judge I shall be able to begin 
my journey into Ireland till about the latter end of the suniimer. 



311 

My Lord Aungier tells me Dublin is the best place, and 
the term the best time for your getting money and making 
good agreements ; you will excuse me if I begin and end with 
what so much concerns me. 

Sir E. Butler to Lord Ossory. 

1670 [-1] , January 21. Bramblestown. — ^Having the honour 
to sit amongst the Justices of this country at a private session , 
I found it their complaint that the country suffered much for 
want of execution of the duty of the Gustos Rotulorum ; 
some of them asking who he was, although I presumed they 
knew it was your Lordship (as your father was formerly), 
for they alleged (and they knew justly) that several fines 
which accrued to the King were never estreated through favour 
of the Clerk of the Peace, and several men that appeared 
were fined through malice of the said clerk, whose check the 
custos ought to be. Now may it please your Lordship for 
that the Custos ought by himself or deputy to give constant 
attendance at every sessions, and that Sir Patrick Wemyss' 
(deputy to your father) son, Sir James, by reason of his many 
troubles in law is seldom resident, I have taken the boldness 
to present unto your Lordship as a fit deputy, a gentleman 
that hath married a near relation of your Lordship, one who 
is constantly attendant as a Justice of Peace, known (I 
presume) by my Lady Duchess, and a person who I do 
undertake for to your Lordship, and if that seems too small, 
will be seconded by the best of this county to your Lordship's 
content. Therefore my humble request to your Honour is 
to stave off all future reflections, and for the good of this 
country you will be pleased to appoint the said gentleman 
(whose name is John Bradstreet) to be your deputy, and the 
rather because it is none of his own motion, but yet will I 
know take it as a supreme favour from your Lordship's hand. 

Jambs Archer to Lord Ossory. 

1670 [-1] , February 17. London. — This is in order to what 
your Lordship required of me to send you, which is but 
reflections upon every part of the fortifications; and first of 
the earthen ramparts covered with sods, as also of the 
foitifications covered with stones and brick walls, all which 
your Lordship shall find in the other side of this letter, and 
as far as I understand, your Lordship desires only to take 
the plans of places already fortified for curiosity sake, and 
not to trouble yourself with delineating any new designs, 
therefore its to no purpose, but rather a confusion, to mind 
any new way of fortifying during your Lordship's travelling, 
but only to make use of the little instrument I gave your 
Lordship at your departure from London, and your Lordship 
shall know more of my mind as soon as I shall have the 
honour to see your Lordship. 



312 

Dr. Dbsfontaines to Capt. Geo. Mathew. 

1671, March 28. Dublin. — Being in London about a year 
ago, I had the honour to see his Grace the Duke of Ormond, 
who made me understand that he had a great desire to settle 
French merchants in Carrick, to set up a manufacture, and to 
bring in trading to that country, which I have endeavoured 
80 to do, having a very great passion to serve his Grace, and 
to that purpose have engaged several French merchants to 
go and abide at Carrick, being induced to it by the protection 
and generosity of my Lord Duke of Ormond, who promised 
and set out advantageous articles and privileges unto me and 
those strangers that would go settle in Carrick, so that having 
written my designs unto his Grace my Lord Duke of Ormond, 
and that there was merchants resolved to go and take houses 
and land at Carrick, as well as tradesmen who have engaged 
themselves by bond to come within there, his Grace hath 
been pleased to send me a letter directed unto your worship 
for to treat with me and the others, and did let me know 
that his desire is that we should settle the tradesmen in Carrick 
sooner than elsewhere. Therefore, Sir, I do humbly entreat 
you to send me by the first opportunity, a note of all the 
houses and land that may be disposed of in the said Carrick 
or in other places fit for trading, viz., at Boss, Clonmel, 
Waterford, or of any town fit for forwarding the trade. 
My Lord Duke promised me a dwelling place in the Castle 
of Carrick, and five hundred acres of land belonging to the 
said place, which I hope you will grant me. Expecting at 
the soonest an answer to this, and an account of the situation 
and being of houses and land, I am, etc. 

Postscript: — Having design, as well as all the other 
gentlemen, to settle in the country this springtime, we do 
entreat you to give us notice where we shall meet you for 
to conclude an agreement, or to order some man or another 
to do it in your stead. You shall direct your letter if you please 
unto Doctor Desfontaines, Physician General of the army of 
Ireland. 

Lord John Butler to the Duchess op Ormond. 

1671, April 10. Dublin. — I received your last letter, and 
am very much concerned that any affair of mine should give 
any trouble, but if your Ladyship please to consider what 
, my allowance from my father is, and all I have in addition 
is but a private captain of horse his pay, and of that there 
is twelve months in arrear, and that the command is 
chargeable your Ladyship may very well imagine, especially 
now I have left here so few of my relations to depend on, 
and having been under the severity of two governors that 
have not showed me much kindness. Now I must beg your 
Ladyship to prevail with my father that he will either add 
to my allowance here or send me abroad, where I may pass 
a more comfortable life than I do now, in having your 



313 

Ladyship's censure of being an ill husband, which I will 
endeavour to clear myself of. 

Subsidy Commissioners to Lord Ossory. 

1671, April 16. — I do most humbly request your Ladyship 
to move my good Lord of Ossory, that his Lordship will 
be pleased to procure a grant from His Majesty, that the 
Prebendary of Windsor (likely to fall void by the death 
of D^an Brough, who they say is past recovery), may be 
conferred upon my brother Dr. Benjamin Parry, chaplain 
to His Majesty, by which favour your Ladyship will eternally 
engage him, and your Ladyship's already most obliged servant. 

Postscript : — There are many pretenders to this place, and 
therefore the sooner the request is made, the more likely it 
is to prevail. Pray pardon this trouble. 

Subsidy Commissioners to Ossory. 

1671 , May 3. Westminster. — His Majesty having appointed 
a distinct commisson under the Great Seal of England, for 
rating and assessing the Peers of the realm to the new Act 
of Subsidy, we having had several meetings thereupon, and 
being equally tender that neither His Majesty should receive 
less than his due, nor any Peer be burthened beyond what 
the Act of Parliament requires, and being most confident that 
the nobility, who are most concerned in the safety and 
happiness of the kingdom, and the honour and prosperity 
of the crown, will be exemplary to others herein; and being 
well assured of your Lordship's particular zeal and affectionate 
regard to both, and therefore no way doubting your ready 
submission to such charges as you are by this law liable uuto, 
we have chosen rather by these our letters to invite you to 
assess yourself by a just return of what you are chargeable 
for than to run the hazard of our laying at adventure (which 
we may else do) more upon you than your due proportion; 
and therefore we pray your Lordship at or before the fifth 
day of June next, by your answer to these our letters, to 
signify to us under your hand, the value of all such personal 
estate, goods, stock, or other chattels personal whatsoever, 
either in your Lordship's own possession or in the possession 
of others in trust for you (except and out of the same deducted 
such sum of monies as you do owe and in your conscience 
intend truly to pay, together with your stock upon lands or 
the product thereof where the same is in your own occupation, 
and such goods as are used for household staff), for all which 
personal estate you are to pay after the rate of six shillings 
for every hundred pounds in value, which comes to three 
pounds for every thousand pounds and no more, which sum 
is to be paid by the last of June next, and if your Lordship 
shall fail to return your answer to us by the time aforesaid, 



314 

we shall proceed to the execution of our commission, by 
returning into the Exchequer such rate and tax upon your 
Lordship as upon our best information we shall judge equal. 
But not doubting of your Lordship's full and affectionate 
compliance with His Majesty's service herein (as the Lords 
in this commission have given example). 

You may be pleased to direct your answer to be left with 
Mr. John Eddowes, the clerk attending this commission, who 
is collector for the Peers' subsidy, and to pay in the monies 
by the end of June next, whose lodgings is in Essex house 
in the Strand. 

From the Painted Chamber, near the Lords House of 
Parliament in Westminster, May the 23rd, 1671. 

Craven. 

Anglesey. 

W. Grey., 

Holies. 

Cornwalles. 

Jonathan Hooper to Lord Ossory. 

1671, July 20. Barbados. — ^Finding so opportune occasion 
as Captain Barrett's going from these parts for England, 
I presume to assure your Honour that neither this great 
distance of place, nor no process of time shall be ever able 
to eflFace out of my mind the manifold and signal favours 
1 have received from your Honour during my being in your 
regiment in Exeter. It's impossible, my most honoured Lord, 
to have any dealing with your Honour and to forget you , your 
comportments being to all so noble, so generous, and so obliging 
that nothing but black ingratitude can forget them. Captain 
Barrett will inform your Honour of my present being, so 
wishing your Honour all happiness in this life and in the 
future. 

Francis Marsh, Bishop of Limerick, to Lord Ossory. 

1671, July 20. Limerick. — I am so sensible of my too 
great boldness in imposing upon your Lordship the trouble 
of my last, that I will not enquire after the issue of it, but 
gladly apprehend this opportunity which Captain Foxon gives 
me, to beg your Lordship's pardon and recommend him to 
your favour in the case he wall explain more fully to your 
Lordship, which if your Lordship understands as I do, I do 
believe your excellent charity and great generosity will engage 
you to the favourable protection of an innocent man (if need 
be) , and I am confident a great honourer of your Lordship and 
all your family. Mr. Foxon for ought that ever I heard 
is a person of a fair reputation, excepting what hath lately 
passed in whispers about this country that he hath been a 
party concerned in the trade of piracy, which they say hath 
lately been practised by some in this country, and for which 
I know not who nor how many have been condemned at 
Cork, but reprieved from execution (as it is supposed) upon 



316 

condition of discovering men more considerable than them- 
selves. And what may tempt them besides their hope of 
life to mention Captain Foxon (as I am told they do) I cannot 
tell, unless it be that he is unhappily related by marriage 
to one Mr. Bodkin who was apprehended for this crime and 
made escape, and therefore probably a partner in his crimes. 
But besides the serious protestation of his innocence and 
detestation of so foul a fault, I think the general credit of 
the man, and I am sure the rule of charity, will be sufl&cient 
counterbalance against (it may be but) a malicious suspicion 
and the reports of tempted and condemned persons till it be 
plainly confuted. It is a grievous crime if true, and an infinite 
defamation to a man of his profession if untrue, for the trial 
whereof he relies upon God and his own innocence, whether he 
be called upon as a criminal to acquit himself, or whether 
he thinks fit (when he knows when and how) to vindicate 
his fame against those that have aspersed him. In either 
case he desires no more from your Lordship than your 
favourable opinion till you have reason to withdraw it, nor 
can I for him than what is very safe and worthy always to 
be on God's side and the King's. My dear Lord, the clergy 
are infinitely endeared to your noble father in his forward 
assistance to prevent the grand inconveniencies of a tax, 
which I desire he may understand, and that I am really and 
naturally inclined to love and serve him. I grow very weary of 
Munster, and it would be a great comfort to me to be 
encouraged to hope that by his Grace's favour and your own, 
I might live in expectation of being translated elsewhere, 
though but of equal value with Limerick. I have too little 
room to tell your Lordship why. God Almighty bless and 
preserve your family. 

Capt. Samuel Foxon to Lord Ossory. 

1671, July 20. Limerick. — I hope these will find your 
Lordship safe returned to London. That I have not this 
long time paid my duty to your Lordship by letters, has 
not been for want of a will, but fearing I might be troublesome 
or w^ant of subject. But now I am forced by evil men's purposes 
to lay before your Lordship a bad one. 

About ten months since, on this coast, was one, Bodkin, 
with a private commission , and it seems he exceeded the same 
by committing some outrages by robbing on the sea. They 
were apprehended in Munster, and because the said Bodkin 
was a kinsman of my wife's, I was lustily inquired after, 
as if had a hand in said actions. A particular commission 
for the prisoners' trial was obtained, and they were condemned 
in January last, and as I am credibly informed, these 
condemned persons are kept from being executed, and fed with 
hopes of saving their lives if they will confess anything against 
me. The men know me not, nor I them, neither ever had 
I anything to do with them nor know anything of their design, 
and which is safe for me I thank God I am as innocent as 



316 

the child unborn of having the least to do in this or the 
like, which I abhor. No endeavours in these parts, and in 
particular in the County Cork, are wanting to ruin my 
reputation. 

My friends that may hear these reports at a distance, may 
be apt to believe, I fear, them true, so cunningly to my 
disadvantage they have them reported. Now I would rather 
than this imputation should lie hovering so to have it brought 
to the test, and do beseech your Lordship to consult what 
is fit for me to do, not doubting your Lordship's favourable 
help to see me have right. I bless God hitherto I have 
lived in as good repute as any of my quality ; how far this 
piece of malice may lessen it, time will shew. 

Pray my Lord if it can be ordered so as that I may be 
sent for to Dublin before the Chief Governors and council, 
and all persons in Munster or elsewhere to give in what they 
can against me, then I shall see an end, for now they carry 
it, whispering one to another, and set people to write to my 
correspondents, as if it were a thing true against me, of no 
less than piracy, which is much to my disreputation. Truly 
my Lord this is of great weight to one that lives by his credit 
as I do, so that I once more beg your Lordship's speedy and 
effectual assistance to the vindicating my reputation, for I 
most unjustly am abased in it. I am sure on the test to 
make some ashamed of this malicious contrivance. 

Pray my Lord have my humble duty to the Duke and 
Duchess, my good Lady Ossory, in fine to all your noble 
family, hoping your Lordship will pardon this trouble; I have 
some friends will trouble your Lordship on this. I beg an 
answer as speedily as possible may be. 

Lord O'Brien to Lord Ossory. 

1671, July 21. Bunratty. — I am from all hands informed 
of the great damage your faithful servant Sam. Foxon is 
like to sustain merely but of the malice that some in Munster, 
whom I doubt not but your Lordship will easily imagine 
who they are, have hatched up against him. All the favour 
he begs is but to be tried as to what will be objected against 
him before the Chief Magistrate at Dublin, and so to receive 
the severest punishment if nocent, or else vindicated if other- 
ways. His request as I conceive being so just, I do pray your 
Lordship's assistance. 

Sir Thomas Page to Lord Ossory. 

1671 [-2] , February 20. — Though the season of the year 
seem to be improper for a naval expedition, yet report giving 
out that your preparations in particular are in a very great 
forwardness, I must be careful not to neglect my duty, and 
do therefore thus early commend your Lordship to the supreme 
Director whom the winds and the seas obey. I have one 
great advantage in my retirement here, that as I have always 



317 

a zeal and devotion to pray for you, so I have a public 
opportunity to do it every morning and every evening. This 
is a charity to which the greatest persons are capable and 
stand in need. But though in general it be a charity, yet 
in me it is a particular gratitude for all the favours I have 
received from your Lordship since first I had the honour to 
be known to your family. Your kindness begot confidence 
in me, and that has procured you many importunities as 
well in behalf of others as myself. We, your little troop of 
the Hague, are now disbanded, and though our successors may 
render your Lordship better service, yet certainly they will 
not have more sincerity and affection for you than some of 
us had. I doubt not, therefore, but that since Boland's 
indisposition may not permit him to continue near your person , 
you will be pleased to own him at his dismission to be in 
your favour, which may prove his great advantage, and the 
contrary his undoing. And because your Lordship, as I 
understand, designs him for Ireland, I humbly offer that he 
may be recommended to Sir George St. George, from whom 
he has often told me that ten months pay are due to him ; 
but how to get the money I know not. If I may be authorized 
by your Lordship under Mr. Mules, his hand, I will write 
the letter and spare you the labour. *Tis your personal 
goodness Boland relies on, and expects not the like compassion 
from any you leave behind you. God Almighty preserve 
your Lordship in all times and places. 

Ormond to Capt. Geo. Mathbw. 

1672, May 3. Whitehall. — The exchange of money 
continues so high, that there is no tolerable way of being 
supplied but by ready money to be sent over in silver and 
gold. James Clarke has lately informed you what species 
are best. I conceive the way will be to send off that to 
Dublin as good a sum as you can get, to lie ready there to 
be transported when my Lord Berkeley shall transport himself, 
which I suppose he will do with all the security he can, 
and the vessel that conveys my Lord of Essex will bring it 
to Chester; at least I will endeavour it may, though it should 
take him in at Holyhead, but of this you shall have further 
instruction before his Lordship can go. In the meantime 
I must strive the best I can. I find by your last letter that 
Milo Power has stood in his own light and mine, so that 
I can say nothing to his affair till the case be more clearly 
stated to me than yet it is. 

Ormond to Capt. Geo. Mathbw. 

1672, July 13. Clarendon House. — My Lord of Essex goes 
from hence on the 22nd of this month, of which I give you 
this notice, that Baxter may be ready at Dublin against he 
lands to transport himself and my money for England, if he 
shall not think it safe to trust it in a Liverpool or Chester 
vessel. I have sent the original of the enclosed copy of his 



318 



Majesty's letter to Sir Paul Davys to be presented to the Lord 
Lieutenant and council, and have sent to Baxter my authority 
for him to bring over the money. 

Lord John Butler's Accounts. 

All the funds my Lord John has towards the payment of 
the within debts, as for : — 
Due to my Lord John the end of this month 

on account of his entertainment as Captain 

of the Guards for eighteen months 
Whereof there is at present to be expected six 

months pay 
Of which he has already received from the 

farmers upon the three months pay ended 

the last of June, 1672 

Then there will remain due but 

Together with a twelve months pay of the above 

allowance, which comes to 

Due to my Lord John at Michaelmas next, 

being advanced him, also paid in all 



Best due to be paid him 



£ s. d. 
336 : 00 : 00 



112 : 00 : 00 



020 
092 



00 
00 



00 
00 



224 : 00 : 00 



. 240 : 00 : 


00 


556 : 00 : 
. 336 : 00 : 


00 
00 


668 : 00 : 


00 



An abstract of what debts are owing of the Bight Honourable 
the Lord John Butler, the 7th of September, 1672. 



To Thomas Hooke, mercer 

To James Hoyston, tailor 

To Mr. Edward Corker 

To John English, tailor 

To Henry Warren, haberdasher 

To Bobt. Miller, apothecary 

To Edward Bobinson, girdler 

To Wm. Story 

To Ignatius Segrave 

To Patrick Gemon, for lodging 
To Mrs. Nugent, for lodging 
To Mrs- Hemsworth, seamstress 
To Thomas Speight, milliner 

To Joseph Low, milliner 

To James Sweetman, for hay 

To Nathaniel Phillpott, haberdasher 

To Bichard Noyse 

To Thomas Donnogh, blacksmith 
To Giflford Green, for diet for the groom 
To Elinor Bobinson, for the same ... 
To Esther Carrier, for the same 



£ 
309 
275 
080 
092 
087 
098 
051 
183 
015 
173 
015 
148 
007 
Oil 
016 
004 

043 
089 
025 
054 
035 



s. 
18 
07 
00 
00 
04 
03 
14 
04 
00 
12 
10 
15 
10 
10 
00 
00 
19 
06 
00 
00 
10 



d. 

05 

11 

00 

00 

00 

11 

00 

07 

00 

00 

00 

06 

00 

03 

00 

00 

07i 

00 

00 

00 

00 



1816 : 06 : 02i 



319 



To Sir Charles Hamilton, for which he has 
his Lordship's Imprest Bill 

To Mr. Eichard Hawkshaw, for hay delivered 
in Mr. Osborn's time, and is charged to 
my Lord in his account 

To Constantine Baven, harness maker 

To Wm. Hartley, shoe maker 

To Richard Weaver, coach maker 

To Nicholas Cann, harness maker 

To Bichard Norris, sadler 

To John Shepherd 

To Thomas Hand, chandler ... 

To Joseph Moxon, for livery lace 

To Captain Bradock, for livery cloth and serge 

To Mr. Phillip Savage, for money lent 

Brought over from the other side 

In all 



040 : 00 : 00 



085 
036 
Oil 
015 
003 
016 
020 
001 
004 
063 
020 
1816 



: 18 
: 12 
: 12 
: 10 
: 00 
: 19 
: 04 
: 14 
: 16 
: 04 
: 00 
: 06 



: 00 
: 03 
: 06 
: 10 
: 04 
: 01 
: 09 
: 09 
: 06 
: 04 
: 00 
: 02J 



2135 : 19 : 06J 



Francis, Lord Aungibr, to Capt. Geo. Mathbw. 

1672, October 26. Dublin. — ^We have at length run through 
all the accounts, and have taken up the vouchers belonging 
to the particular account given in by yourself, which remain 
in my custody. The next thing to be considered was in 
what method to draw up the accounts, so as my Lord Duke 
may have the most clear view of the disposition of his revenue, 
and you might be more fully discharged, which we find cannot 
be done with any satisfaction unless all the accounts be drawn 
together into' one, by your charging yourself with all the 
receipts of the particular receivers, and discharging yourself 
by the vouchers allowed in their accounts only. The method 
will be more perspicuous, and it will require only clerk's work 
to reduce it to that which we propound, and we are content 
that a reasonable allowance be made to Mr. Smyth and any 
other that shall be employed with him in the doing of it. 
Mr. Smyth offered us a discharge to be signed by us whereby 
we should not only acquit you of the monies that came to 
your particular hands, but all the particular receivers also, 
for all the accounts they made up with you. But we do 
not think ourselves yet ready to sign so full a discharge, because 
you know we have taken only a superficial view of the receivers 
accounts, and to discharge you of those of sums only which, 
came to your own hands, I think will not be suflBcient for you, 
our authority from his Grace being to take an account from 
you of all his Grace's revenue, and to discharge you for the 
same. And it is the opinion of your friends here, that it 
is as necessary for you to be discharged of the monies accounted 
for to you by the receivers, as for what you have accounted 
for yourself. 

All this will be answered in the method we insist upon, 
and by that hieans the payment of every particular kind, and 



320 

the payment to every particular person will be drawn together 
under one view, which now lie scattered and divided in several 
accounts. Therefore we desire you (if you think fit to comply 
with us herein) to send up Mr. Smyth as soon as conveniently 
you can, to reduce the account in this method, upon the back 
of which we will give you a full discharge for his Grace's 
whole revenue to Monday last. In the meantime we have 
given Mr. Smyth a certificate that we have taken up the 
vouchers of your particular account, and have left in his hands 
the several accounts of the receivers and their vouchers. 

I desire your answer to this as soon as you can. 



Francis, Lord Aungibr, to Capt. Geo. Mathbw. 

1672, November 2. Dublin.— By yours of the 29th of 
October, I perceive that you faiistake our intentions in 
propounding that method of the account which I signified 
in my letter to you, for we do not expect nor think it reasonable 
that you should answer for the miscarriages of the receivers, 
or be liable to their false accounts or misreturns as you 
apprehend, especially of such as were employed before your 
coming in- What we desire is only to bring the account 
into such a method as may be intelligible, which at present 
it is not, either to us or any that shall be concerned to view 
it. It is true the account of the particular receipts is clear 
and plain, but we are instructed to take an account of all 
my Lord's revenue, and the particular receivers being 
already accounted with and discharged by you, we cannot 
bring them to account again. Therefore all the money 
comprised in their accounts, must be either not accounted for 
at all to us, or else it must be accounted for by you. That 
is one account must be drawn up, wherein the charge must 
contain all the money of all kinds received for his Grace 
from the date of the commission to May last, and the discharge 
must contain all the monies paid out for his Grace within that 
time, in such distinct and proper heads as may be easy and 
intelligible. The doing of this (which I think requires only 
clerk's work) will not materially alter the account as it now 
stands, nor in my judgment make you more responsible than 
you are at present. But on the contrary, a discharge in 
the close of such an account will be much more full and effectual 
for you than that which reaches only to your particular receipts ; 
and if the receivers have made a false return of arrears, it 
cannot reflect upon you, because it will be mentioned in the 
account as their return of arrears and not yours, and they 
are responsible for it and not you ; this I hope will give you 
satisfaction that in what we propound we do not aim at 
putting any inconvenience upon you, neither will it be material 
to us whether the account when it is drawn up together, be 
styled your account or the account of yourself and the several 
receivers, or otherwise. That may be considered in due time, 



321 

so the account be drawn up together into one body as we 
have fully discoursed it with Mr. Smith. We shall be satisfied, 
as I suppose you will be, when you have perused this and spoken 
with him. 

The Information of Thomas Cullen taken before the 

Earl of Thomond. 

1672, November 5. County of Clare. — The said informant 
being duly sworn upon the Holy Evangelists, and examined 
upon his oath, saith that upon Thursday last, being the Slst 
of October, 1672, at Ballynaclogh , in the house of the said 
informant, one Captain Thomas Walcott, of the City of 
Limerick, came to him then and there, and desired the 
informant to walk out into the garden, which the informant 
did, where the said Captain Walcott first bewailed the condition 
of the English in this kingdom, and then said the Irish was 
like to have all again ; he as for his part wished himself out 
of the kingdom, and then, said he, our condition is not so 
bad but that we may prevent our ruin if we stick one to another ; 
and he added that Limerick would be secured with a w^et 
finger, and though he knew not how the Castle of Dublin 
or any other castles should be secured, yet he was confident 
if they could hold but one month, they should do well enough : 
and thereupon he desired him, the informant, that he would 
walk into the said informant's house, and being in it, into a 
private chamber, where he being come, he drew forth a paper 
containing about two sheets, all written, as he apprehends, by 
the said Captain Walcott. Holding it in his hand he read 
unto the informant, and the substance thereof, as he can 
remember, was to this effect, the mention of many grievances 
occasioned by divers ministers of state since the King's 
Majesty's coming in, as the Duke of Buckingham, Sir George 
Carteret, the Lord Arlington and many others, whose names 
he now remembers not ; also that the perpetual Parliament 
should be re-established, and what members thereof are 
wanting, others should be chosen in their stead: and that 
Popery and Prelacy should be put down and Presbytery 
established, and told him that by to-morrow night he should 
know more of it from another, which he did not, though ho 
stayed at home all that day in expectation ; and the said 
informant being asked of what communion in matters of 
religion the said Captain Walcott was, he said the said Captain 
Walcott was not a Conformist to the Church of Ireland, but 
was reputed, and so owned of all to be, a professed Anabaptist : 
and being asked who wrote that paper, he said that Captain 
Walcott told him he had it from a Scotchman, but named 
him not, whereupon the day following the said informant made 
his application to the Eight Honourable the Earl of Thomond, 
and gave him such information according to his duty, and 
further says not, save only that the informant says that 
upon the reading the paper by the said Walcott, the 



322 

said informant said these things are of dangerous consequence, 
whereupon the said Walcott said he would carry this paper 
no longer after this night. 

Thomas Cullen. 

Capt, coram me 5to die Novembris, 1672. 

Thomond. 

Ot^mond to Capt. Geo. Mathew. 

1072, November 9- Clarendon House. — I have made no 
great haste to answer yours of the 9th of the last, because 
I expected some further informations from you in other affairs, 
and from my Lord Aungier and those who took your accounts, 
such a state of the condition of my fortune as must guide me 
for the future. As to my son John's affair, my wife writes 
my sense as well as her own in it, and has designed for him 
such a way of living as that if he will conform to it, will 
be more for his ease, honour and profit, than the course of 
life he has hitherto led, and he w411 but deceive himself if 
he thinks I can or will ever again redeem him from the like 
incumbrance, if he shall draw it on himself. Here he will 
meet with the same temptations, and those more alluring than 
these, with the addition of example" w^hich he may be too apt 
to follow ; however I have, for my wife's sake and his, consented 
to this further trial. 

As to ray sister's Clancarty's pretensions, I know not what 
they are if they are more than she claimed here, and therefore 
desire they may be sent to me, because that if they are 
reasonable, I will not give her or any lawyers or gentlemen 
the trouble of hearing or determining them, but freely pay 
what is justly due. 

I hope this term will bring in all or the most of the money 
for which you have taken security of those who were to have 
paid the year's value, and that you will w-ith what speed 
vou can advertise me of it. 

Ormond to Capt. Geo. Mathew. 

1672, December 7. Burford. — I received yours of the 
17th of the last here, w^here my son Arran is not, so that 
I cannot confer with him about the continuance of the old 
or making a new sheriff of Tipperary. I do not conceive 
any great ground for the objection of my bearing the sheriff's 
charge, since he is not a judge to impose nor a commissioner 
to reduce fines and amercements, but my officer to cause them 
to be collected. When my son Arran comes I will discourse 
more with him on the subject, and you shall hear again from 
me. In the meantime, till another sheriff be appointed, 
I conceive he stands enough authorised to act. 

I suppose upon those letters which have passed betwixt you 
and my Lord Aungier, etc., the question concerning the method 
of your accounts is at an end. I conceive that as, on the one 
hand, you should stand charged with all the discharges you 
have given, so, on the other, there is no reason you should 



323 

be charged with the miscarriages of those receivers who had 
the collection of my rents before you had to do with my estate, 
any further than as the arrears which were upon them were 
discharged or otherwise disposed of by you, and as you had 
power to compound for the recovering of something, so your 
compositions must be made good and you discharged of the 
whole. In this I may well err in my conception of the 
matter, having little skill in things of this nature, but as I 
do not wish you should be entangled, so I know you will 
consent to the plainest and clearest way of accounting. 

I do easily believe that any considerable proportion of rent 
is not for this year to be depended upon. Two things are 
therefore timely and seriously to be taken into consideration ; 
the first is how I shall subsist and be supplied if rents cannot 
be relied on, and if the money for which you have taken 
security, and which is properly payable to Sir Eobert Vyner, 
can be had, I must make use of that or of as much of it as 
as can be had. If none of that can be brought in, then trial 
is to be made if money can be gotten on sale or mortgage of 
land; and if none of this can be done, I am to be as early 
informed as may be that I may then think of what I am to do. 
The other thing which is to be considered is whether it 
will not be better to take from the tenants such commodity 
as they have for rent, than to let them run into a whole 
year's ^arrear or more. I know there will belong to this 
much trouble, charge and uncertainty, and some danger of 
the spoil and embezzlement of some sorts of commodities, 
but I propose this in case of extremity, and only as a thing 
of which I desire your thoughts. As soon as two commissioners 
can be gotten hither, my wife's answer will be taken and 
returned touching Mrs. Keefe. The w^oman sent over has made 
lamentable complaints of her being neglected and driven to 
misery ; I hope it is without cause. 



Duchess of Okmond to Capt. Geo. Mathew.* 

1672, December 21. — My being upon my remove to Burford 
when I received your two letters o^^ the 28th of October and 
13th of November, which came together though of very 
different date, did occasion my not answering of them until 
now that I am settled here for a while, until my Lord's going 
up into the Parliament, which will be the beginning of 
February next, at which time I purpose to go too; whereby 
to avoid the excuse of keeping two houses. I was, I confess, 
desirous to try whether living in the country for a considerable 
part of the year would abate the charge w- e are at in London , 
and I find it will very considerably ; as if the wars abroad and 
the misfortune that Ireland is in, so ruined upon all accounts, 
so that we cannot hope to receive any considerable part of 

• This letter should be read in connection with the series of the Duchess's 
letters printed in the concluding section of this volume. 



324 

our rents, be like to continue in so ill a posture, my Lord 
must resolve either to betake himself to live in the country 
here or go into Ireland, for impossible it will be for him to 
subsist at London. 

Lady Strafford to Lady Derby. 

1672 [-3], January 13. — I beg your pardon dear sister for 
omitting in my last letter to congratulate the kindness my 
nephew has expressed in making choice of you for his 
guardian. I return you many thanks for the knowledge of 
it, as I do for the good interpretation you give me in your 
letter, which brought me great consolation both in that 
particular and in the assurance you give therein that my dear 
brother had a right opinion of my affection to him. The 
power you wish to enable you to do my nephew good, and 
which God and nature now leaves you for your greatest comfort 
in this world, I believe may now reasonably be thought you 
have your best opportunity for you could possibly expect; 
and T conjure you to weigh it thoroughly, and then I doubt 
not but you will see cause to advise my nephew to that advice 
which my Lord and I have taken the freedom to propose, 
and which in all probability will most conduce to both your 
satisfaction. Possibly the portion may not be exceeding 
great, yet I make no question but it will be considerable, 
and for other advantages I know not when they may be 
more reasonably expected. Forgive this trouble. 

Lord Strafford to Ormond. 

1672 [-3], January 29. Wentworth Woodhouse.— Sir 
Thomas Wharton did me the favour yesterday to shew me 
a letter of your Grace's, so noble in itself, and so obliging 
to my near relations and to my wdfe and me, that it is my 
duty to appear the earliest I can with my humble thanks and 
acknowledgments for it, though T know not how to do it in 
the terms that such favours do deserve. Upon sight of this 
honour you have done us, T have immediately sent to acquaint 
my Lady Derby and my nephew how much they are bound 
to your Grace on this occasion, and had we not used all the 
means we could before, and found it answered with as great 
forwardness as we could desire, I cannot imagine but that 
the sense of the obligation they now receive, will speedily 
(encourage them to seek the happiness we wish them of your 
alliance, which a respect to both families can make none 
desire more than myself. 

Lord Strafford to the Duchess of Ormond. 

1672 [-3] , January 29. Wentworth Woodhouse. — Madam : 
I cannot be silent at this time, though I want words to express 
the joy I have that my relations are so forward and ambitious 
the way I wish them, and that we find an approbation from 
my Lord Duke and your Grace so highly obliging. My Lord 
of Derby intending to be here this next week, I hope your 



325 

Grace will very soou have such an address made as may 
better manifest the respects that ought to be shewed than 
can be expressed by me, therefore I shall not importune your 
Grace with reading more here than my subscribing myself 
with all the duty 1 owe you. 

Lord Inchiquin to Ormond. 

1672, February 17. Orleans. — I believe your friendship 
is firmer without ceremony than most others with it, yet for 
all that my want of merit of so great a happiness and my 
no less esteem thereof, introduces a fear, sometimes in spite 
of my teeth, that so long a silence may be an effect of some 
diminution therein, and being most unwilling to nourish so 
unwelcome a guest, I think it the best expedient to give him 
notice thereof from whom only I can expect assistance against 
him. It may be it is because you cannot give me the 
satisfaction you believe I expect in some particulars we 
discoursed of at parting ; but I shall never allow that a just 
reason, for it is a truth that I think you ought not to be 
ignorant of, that I could not receive that dissatisfaction by 
His Majesty's disapproving of what you might propose to 
him in pursuance of it, as the least ground of jealousy of 
your favour would give me. 

I am not so insensible of my own incapacity and want of 
merit, as to think His Majesty ought to satisfy my expectations 
with any inconvenience to himself or displeasure to others 
who meriting better, cannot all participate of equal marks 
of his favours, so as your Lordship may assure yourself I 
should and shall as thankfully receive }'our advice to decline 
any unseasonable expectation, as your successful endeavours 
in the accomplishment thereof. I beseech you therefore, deal 
with me with that freedom that may best sort with the interest 
you have in my affections, and which they challenge at your 
Lordship's hands in spite of all my imperfections. 

I have now reason to fear that your Lordship moving 
anything in my behalf may be some prejudice to you 
considering the blame w^hich I hear his-Eoyal Highness before 
His Majesty laid upon me, and the Queen's expressions 
thereupon. And really I had much rather want any advantage 
1 can propose to myself by a present mark of favour, than 
be an occasion thereof. I shall content myself with that 
confidence His Majesty's goodness and justice give me of bein^ 
remembered among other faithful and suffering servants if 
it please God to restore him, which, as I do daily pray for so, 
1 would not only willingly quit all advantages thereby, but 
cheerfully sacrifice my life to see effected. 

I have about six weeks since sent your Lordship the 
adjudication obtained by Captain Brett at Dunkirk. I do 
not know whether you had it or not, or what is done in that 
business. I beseech your Lordship let Mr. Lane therein 
inform. 



19 : 


; 18 


: 10 


03 : 


; 01 


: 09 


02 : 


; 17 


: 00 



32G 

Lord John Butler's Expenses. 

1672 [-3], March. — An abstract of my Lord John's charges 
at Kilkenny. 

Mr. St. Leger's bill for wines and tobacco and 
candles, amounts to 

Mr. Tho. Cooksie's bill for meat 

Mr. Archer's bill for groceries 

A bill charged by Kyran Loghlin for several 

necessaries ... ... ... ... ... 03 : 04 : 07 

The labourer and woman employed in the 
i^iucnen ... ... ... ... 

Kyran Loghlin's disbursements 

Mr. Eoth's bill for groceries 

Mr. Garnet's bill for bread 

Mr. Garnet's bill for bread for the horses 

Mr. Wright's bill for wines 

Ixobt. Joyce's bill for tobacco and pipes and 

\jViX \JLO ... ... •«. ••• ... 

Half-a-hogshead of wine brought from Clonmel 
Another bill of Mr. Garnet's for bread 



Anthony Phillip's bill for meat 



01 : 


03 : 


00 


04 : 


18 : 


07 


01 : 


02 : 


04 


02 : 


07 : 


04 


00 : 


11 : 


00 


14 : 

* 


.00 : 


OG 


00 : 


05 : 


11 


04 : 


00 : 


00 


00 : 


07 : 


01 


57 : 


17 : 


11 


01 : 


05 : 


02 


59 : 


03 : 


01 



Sir Geo. Lane to Capt. Geo. Mathew. 

1673, April 26. Whitehall. — I am commanded by my Lady 
Duchess to tell you that the match between my Lady Betty 
Butler and my Lord of Derby is concluded, and that some 
help to pay the portion is obtained, whereof her Grace will 
give you a particular account by the next post, being hindered 
from writing by this by a defluxion on one of her eyes. 
T am glad of this opportunity of assuring your Lady of my 
humble respects, and yourself of my real being, dear Sir, etc. 

Ormond to Capt. Geo. Mathew. 

1673, May 1. Clarendon House. — I find by others as well 
as by Sir Ralph Freeman that my house at Carrick is much 
the better for him inhabiting in it, but he is much discouraged 
by the incumbrance of those French families which take up 
a great part of the house, and render the rest noisome and 
unquiet, so that I would for his satisfaction as well as the 
good of the place have them removed ; but t)eing poor people 
I desire they may have warning, and if any other house or 
houses be free and fit for them, I would have them fixed 
at easy rents. 



327 

Sir William Bankes to Ormond. 

1G73, June 13. Winstanley. — Hoping my Lord of Derby's 
match is now near the happy conclusion we all desire, I 
humbly beg leave to acquaint your Grace something of his 
Lordship's concerns, and which your Grace was pleased to 
speak to me of when I came out of town. And 'tis chiefly 
concerning the Isle of Man, of which there were some proposals 
to farm out; I have looked over the accounts of the Isle, and 
have discoursed with Mr. Calcott (my Lord's steward there), 
as likew^ise with Mr. Roper, who is to be solicitor and secretary 
to my Lord, and in a good measure understands that Isle, 
and by what I can collect from the whole, I conceive the 
Isle may be easily at present brought to make clear 1,000Z 
per annum in the way 'tis now in, only by redecreeing the 
charge. And this I humbly conceive will be much more 
agreeable to the people there, and more suitable to my Lord 
of Derby's honour, and possibly of more lasting profit than 
by the way of farm. Mr. Calcott brings up the account of 
the Isle at large, and Mr. Roper will be up in a few days, 
and then your Grace will be more fully informed, and if the 
Governor and Deputy Governor were advised with likewise, 
your Grace would then have a perfect understanding of the 
whole. Your Grace will find it so pretty a dominion, and 
of so much honour, as to deserve a good care in the settlement 
of it. For the goods at Knowsley and Lathom, I have been 
twice there to advise with my Lord's servants, Mr. Morean 
and Mr. Jones, what is fittest to buy, and they have now sent 
a particular of as much as comes to 550/, and if it be thought 
convenient to take less, my Lord, I may take or leave as 
he pleases. For the debts owing in those parts (to which 
the goods would not extend), Mr. Jones and Mr. Morean arc 
examining and making a list of them. For all other particulars 
which Mr. Phillips desired ; they have been before sent up, so 
that I hope nothing is wanting to give a full satisfaction. 

William Jones to Capt. Geo. Mathew. 

1G73, June 30. Tralee. — Such persons as are employed 
in the Duke of Ormond's business in the County of Kerry for 
the receiving of his chief eries, the people tells them that Teige 
Mahonjr hath forewarned them not to pay any monies unto 
them for he hath the collection of it, and so the collectors 
cannot proceed; they were in a good way in discovering of 
his concealments; he, finding of that, has followed the 
collectors into the several baronies, and out of several Manor 
Courts has replevied such cattle as were taken for chief 
rent ; this he hath done by Baltinglasses his chief rents ; 
he hath concealed one place within a mile and a half of his 
own house, which,- when he saw discovered, he got a replevin 
out of Sir Valentine Brown's manor. I was in a good way 
to bring the people to some compliance, for I have found a 
man which has a book of the last composition made with 



328 

i)ykes and his partner for Desmond's cliieferies, and will let 
you have it if you will let him have the collection of two 
l)aronies, where I could never receive one penny, they being 
generally concerned in Desmond's chieferies. His book is far 
(liffcrent from yours, and I am apt to believe is a true book, 
for the particulars of each knight's fee are mentioned in it, 
so that all will be made plain. I will have some further 
discourse with the man about it, for I tliink him to be an 
honest man, which is hard for me to say of many others in 
this country. Teige Mahony is afraid he will spoil his business. 
I would send him down to you if I knew when you would be 
at home. In the meantime, pray let Sir Valentine Brown 
have two or three lines from you to caution him to return the 
cattle that were replevied, and it will be done, and that will 
encourage your collectors to follow your business, and put us 
in a good way of proceeding, for we have no better place to 
secure the cattle we drive, than w-ithin his town of Killarney, 
for that is the next safe place to these places w^hich receives 
and breaks pounds ; therefore, if you please, let me have from 
you a line to Sir Valentine to that purpose. 

SiK Fkaxcis Brewster to Capt. George MATHEW^ 

1G73, June 30. Dingle. — I have yours desiring my ordering a 
meeting with you at Clonmel, the 9th of next month, to perfect 
the lease of this town, which I wish were done, and to that end 
I should have waited on you now, but am hindered by the 
(lisoiders of this place, where I meet wuth as much discourtesy 
iis is in the power of some to give me, which, had I known, I 
siiould not have brought from their settled dwellings a hundred 
]''.nglish to be every day terrified with being sent from whence 
they came, after they have spent there substance in removing, 
etc. To quiet the minds of those I have brought here, I am 
forced to stay longer than I intended, so must beg your excuse 
at this time, but in my return to Dublin I shall w^ait upon you ; 
in the meantime give me leave to write unto you the diflBculties 
I lie under in this place. According to my contract of making 
good the Duke of Ormond's contracts, both the last year and 
this, I sent and gave notice that notwithstanding their contracts 
were all void, by not taking out their leases, yet if they w^ould 
now do it, I was ready to perfect it ; upon this, some that had 
houses or cabins in the middle of the town, which they were 
not bound to build or repair, came ; but to this day not one 
whose contracts oblige them to build appears ; upon which I 
sent to some for their rents, and to tell them I expected 
performance of their articles, to which they returned me such 
answers as the enclosed copy of Sir Valentine Browne's letter 
mentions, which was a great surprise to me ; and making 
further inquiry, I found too many such contracts in the book, 
which T acquainted Mr. Crosby of, w^ho I perceive is as ignorant 
of it as myself: and so I do believe are all the commissioners, 
but 1 fear they put too much trust in some they employed. 



3-59 

It is my great loss that I can find no builders in performance 
of these contracts, and it is yet'my greater damage that where 
I would build, it is let to those that are not obliged to build, 
so that they are neither fast nor loose. The choice walls 
and house plots in the town are let for trifles ; and not being 
obliged to build will be a nuisance, which if not removed wall 
hinder the building of this town. And now that I have 
brought so many families of able tradesmen that came 
not from their habitations through necessity, it is unhappy 
that they should be thus obstructed, and if they that do it 
would but perform what these are to do, there would be 
some pretence, but none w^hen they do it only to obstruct so 
good a w^ork, and for the gaining five or ten shillings per 
annum from a poor man, that lives in a house no longer than 
the timber and boards serve him to buy victuals for his family ; 
and that thus it hath been is apparent, for that in all this 
town is now standing but four or five houses with a roof, 
but only thatched hovels in the walls of a house. I have 
intruded too much on your patience in this relation, which 
is yet far short of the whole. What now I desire is your 
advice what I shall do. I presume it will not be either for 
the Duke's honour or profit to let this town lie in ashes, and 
otherwise it cannot be i* the middle of the town must remain 
dirty cabins and other parts lie in dispute whether let or no ; 
but seeing there hath been such miscarriage in the. whole 
affair, I conceive there is no way but to lay aside all, nor 
do I think you will think it reasonable for me to make good 
one, when 1 cannot enforce another. Your answer will oblige. 

Okmond to Capt. Geo. Mathew. 

1673, July 5. Clarendon House. — We are not yet well 
informed how to make the best of wool when it shall be landed 
here, but we are satisfied that more wdll be made of it that 
way than by selling of it to merchants there. The sooner 
it can be gotten, the more safely it will be transported, because 
that when the fleets are drawn in (which may be about the 
end of September), the privateers will be more numerous 
abroad ; and if I have notice about what time a vessel laden 
may be ready to set sail and from what port, it is very possible 
1 may obtain a convoy for her, to put her safe into liarnstable 
or rather into Bideford or Exeter, the last being the place 
to which that commodity must be brought to be taken oil', 
and it will receive a vessel of 200 tons, as I am informed by 
the controller of the customs of that port. My Lord O'Brien 
of Thomond, tells me he is in partnership with some consider- 
able merchant, and that if hides and tallow shall be delivered at 
Limerick or Cork to his correspondent (whose name T have for- 
got, but it may be learnt of his steward at Bunratty),they will be 
taken if for ready money at good rates, and it is possible good 
bills may be had from them at lower rates than the exchange 
runs. If some honest and knowing ))erson be employed to 



330 

those towns, I conceive much good may be done both for me 
and my tenants this way, and it may be worth a good salary 
to one or more persons so qualified, who will take the pains 
to go to those places to receive the goods and bargain for 
them ; and I suppose the tenants will convey them to such 
places as shall be appointed, receiving some allowance for it. 
However, at so dead a time as this is, and wdll be if the war 
continue, I conceive it needful to make one trial of this kind, 
rather than suffer the tenants to run into a desperate arrear, 
though you should allow the mer. *iants time for payment upon 
good security. 

Extract of a letter from Exeter, 12th July, 1673, enclosed 
in foregoing letter, 

I have inquired after the rates of tallow and hides, and find 
that tallow is worth about 325. per cwt., and Irish hides 
salted, if good, are at present worth about 2|d. per pound, 
and a quantity at this time will sell well. The yarn is not 
to be valued ; that might be according to the goodness. The 
finest will sell best. 

Ormond to Major Neville. 

1673, July 30. Clarendon House. — The good character 
given unto me of your integrity to the Earl of Derby, and 
your abilities to do his Lordship service in the Isle of Man, 
hath induced me to commit the government of that place to 
your management during my good pleasure, as by your 
commission herewith sent will appear. In pursuance whereof, 
so soon as this shall come to your hands, you and the rest 
of the auditors by me appointed, are to take the water bailiffs' 
accounts for all importations, exportations, anchorage, and 
what else they are chargeable with, for one whole year ending 
the 24th day of June last past, and what money you find due 
from them, to receive and lay up in the treasury, as also what 
monies shall be due the 29th of September next ensuing, and in 
default of payment, you are to put the law in execution against 
them. I do likewise expect punctual obedience unto that 
commission by which you and others are by [me] now 
constituted auditors, and to the establishment of fees and 
salaries, both which do accompany this letter; and you are 
not to fail in settling the collectors accounts, 29th September 
next, and cause them to pay into your hands what shall be 
due from them for one year's rent then ending ; after which 
time you are to take the same care that the Receiver General's 
water bailiff or his deputy, and the steward's accounts be 
quarterly cleared, to the intent that no loss may happen by 
suffering money to continue in their hands, and if any lands 
shall fall out of lease during my Lord Derby's minority, you 
are to let such lands during that time to the right tenant 
thereof at such a moderate improved rent as yourself and the 
rest of the oflBcers of the revenue shall conceive reasonable. 
You are also to take especial care that no money be suffered 



331 

to be transported out of the Island which by any legal means 
may be prevented, and that all goods and merchandise hnported 
and sold, the proceeds thereof to be invested in the native 
commodities, in which particular especial regard is to be 
had that traffic and trade receive all due encouragement. As 
for the returning of the receipts quarterly into England, you 
may consider of the surest way for that performance, wherein 
I shall be well contented if all or the greatest part be remitted 
by bills of exchange to Liverpool or Chester. 

Eakl of Derby to Ormond. 

1673, August 6. Paris. — My Lord : On Saturday we came 
here. We are now settled in a house, and I hope within 
two or three days to be pretty well at ease. The news here 
is of the consternation the people in Zealand were when our 
fleet was seen by them, and that they did not know whether 
they should surrender themselves or not. 

Charles Alcocke to Capt. Geo. Mathbw. 

1673, August 9. Clonmel. — According to the commands 
I received lately from your Honour at Thomastown, I have 
acquainted the mayor of this town with what Sir Wm. Davis 
lately intimated to your Honour concerning the dismantling 
of the citadel of this town, which the mayor apprehends to 
be a matter of that moment, that he desires that your Honour 
or Sir William Davis will please to intimate your sense or 
desire in the matter under your hands, that so he may advise 
with his brethren of this corporation in order to give your 
Honour a full and satisfactory answer, which will be much 
an obligation to them. 

Henry Gascoigne to Capt. Geo. Mathew. 

1673, August 19. Clarendon House. — Not knowing where 
to direct my Lord's letter to Mr. Hutchinson, the Quaker, 
or how it may be conveyed to him, I send it enclosed to you 
with a flying seal for your perusal, to the end you may as 
you see cause order the delivery of it. I am commanded 
to give you notice that yesterday my Lord drew first and 
second bills upon you for the payment of a hundred and eleven 
pounds to Mr. Nelthorpe or his order, the value being received 
here by his Grace. 

My Lord of Ossory is I thank God in good health, though 
in the last engagement there were left upon his quarter-deck 
but himself, his page, and Captain Narborough.* We have 
not yet an account of the particular men lost in this fight, 
which has been very desperate and bloody. 

Postscript: — My Lady Duchess is at present at the Bath, 
where I believe she may continue a fortnight. 

* This was probabljr the engagement of Aug. 11, 1C73, in which Narborough 
commanded tlie Henrietta, 



332 

txTiiACT laioM A Letter of Colonel Laurence. 

1673, August -28. — To move you to set others an example 
by returning over your money to England in Irish commodities, 
wherein I shall be willing to serve your Grace upon such 
reasonable terms, that I question not but to save you a 
considerable part of your exchange, and all required to practice 
it will be your forbearing your money three or four months 
at most, sometimes not half so long, after being paid in Ireland 
before you receive it in England. Your example herein may 
prompt others to take the same course, and thereby preserve 
this poor kingdom from further ruin by that means ; and when 
your Grace hath experienced the advantage of it, you may 
move His Majesty to return the pay of the Irish regiments 
by the same way. When I understand how your Grace 
inclines to try this experiment, I shall more at large give you 
an account of the method and platform of it. 

Col. Eichard Laurence to Capt. Geo. Mathew. 

1673, September 22. Dublin. — I received a letter from his 
Grace, the Duke of Ormond, dated the 6th instant, in which 
amongst other things his Grace advises me he hath a great 
parcel of wool, received for rents, which lies at Carrick, which he 
directs me to advise with yourself about the disposement of 
it to his best advantage, in order to which, if you please to 
advise me of the quantity and quality, that is how much of it 
is large for the comb, and what quantity fine small wool for 
clothiers, and what quantity of middle ordinary wool of the 
growth of your poorer tenants ; whether it be all whole year's 
growth or any part half-year's growth and lambs. Upon 
advice from you, I shall give you my opinion, and advise what 
markets I judge to be best to consign each several parcels to ; 
only let me also know the general price you receive it at. 

Commissioners of the Treasury to Capt. Geo. Mathew 

and Lieut. F. Lego. 

1673, September 22. Treasury Chambers. — ^We have 
pl'ocured a commission under the seal of His Majesty's Court 
of Exchequer, directed unto Mr. Nathaniel Taylor, to be His 
^Majesty's commissioner and receiver of arrears of rents and 
other sums of money due to His ilajesty in the County of 
Tipperary, thereby intending to free the country from that 
burthen they have so long groaned under by the sheriff's 
bailiffs, and the discharge of such unnecessary and undue 
charges that have usually issued in process to the disquiet 
and vexation of His Majesty's subjects. And have presumed 
to direct the bearer to leave the said commission with you, 
until the said Mr. Taylor, together with such sufficient security 
as you shall approve of, has signed and perfected the enclosed 
bond before von. whicli we entreat vou to st*e done aceordinjxH'. 



333 

and then to transmit the same to us by some safe hand or 
by the post. We beg your pardon for this trouble, and remain 
your affectionate friends and servants. 

John Stepney. 

Edw. Roberts. 

Joh. Hayes. 

Alex. Bence. 

Jos. Deane. 

Col. Richard Laurence to Capt. Geo. Mathew. 

1673, October 1. Chapelizod.— Yours, the 27th of September, 
is before me. The proposals I sent to his Grace was upon 
misinformation that his Grace transmitted most of his money 
into England in specie (which I looked at as a great damage 
to the kingdom, which I am sure he wishes well), or otherways 
returned it at exchange current, which last year was betwixt 
twelve and fifteen per cent. , which had been a great damage 
to himself, on which considerations I writ these propositions 
to relieve both ; but soon after meeting Mr. Controller Baxter, 
he informed me neither \vas true, but that his Grace had 
agreed with a merchant in London, who returned his money 
at eight per cent., and advance much beforehand, which 
made me wish my propositions in my hand again, for I fear 
all my ambition to serve his Grace will hardly bring his return 
within that compass, and the way attended with much more 
hazard and delay; but had it been as I understood, I think I 
might have proposed to his Grace a way to save half his 
exchange, and that I believe is as much as most merchants 
gain by their adventure, and computing his Grace's returns to 
be 12,000 pounds per annum at least, and exchange ten per 
cent., one time with another, I computed his Grace might 
save about 600Z per annum, and withal promote the trade of 
the kingdom ; but if his Grace can return his money as 
Mr. Baxter informed, I do not believe the gain will be worth 
the designing. Therefore I will say no more to that design till 
his Grace be at a greater loss, for great persons rarely love to play 
at small gain. But, Sir, for the 8,000 stone of wools on your 
hand, received in at 7^. 6d. per stone, unless they be generally 
of a better sort than the wools in these parts, they are bought 
too dear, for though there are some choice flocks in Tipperary, 
as Moore's and Martin's, etc., that are worth more money, 
yet the middle sort of wools are much such as ours are, and 
the generality of the wools here were sold under 65. , some few 
choice flocks at 75. per stone, great quantities of which lies 
now both in the north and west of England unsold ; and hard 
it is to sell wool in England now for ready money ; and while 
the Dutch war continues I fear will be so. Therefore, Sir, if 
you could sell your wools in Ireland, and secure your money 
to be paid in England at three or four months, and five or six 
per cent, loss, I advise you to do it; if not, let me know if 
yourself or any of your friends in those parts have any corres- 
pondence or acquaintance with any honest, sufficient merchants 



334 

at Bristol, Minehead, Taunton, Bideford, Exeter, Tiverton, 
etc., to consign goods unto; if not, I shall advise you to such 
as myself has traded with these several years, and found them 
able and honest, to whom you may consign parcels of three 
or four hundred stone at a time to sell by commission, that is 
to have two per cent, for sails, and be accountable to you for 
the product; and thus by one thousand stone of the parcel, 
you would receive advice from them how markets rule (which 
are subject to vary monthly), and after that, might consign 
the rest of it to such places as you observed by this trial the 
markets most encouraged ; and if you can keep your wool till 
after Christmas, markets are best in February, March, and 
April. But then his Grace must have some person in London 
to whom copies of the invoice and bills of lading for each 
ship must be sent, and they must correspond with your factors 
of the respective ports in England, and receive their accounts 
of sales, and advise them about their proceeds and charge bills 
on them for the money ; which if his Grace thinks none of his 
servants is capable of, I shall propose to him a sufficient 
merchant in London (responsible for 40,000 pounds), that shall 
there manage the whole correspondence betwixt yourself in 
Ireland and your factors in England, which person may save 
his Grace the charge of keeping any other cashier (or treasurer) 
except for petty expenses, and the same person may probably 
advance (upon reasonable terms, when special occasions require) 
upon the security of the effects in his hand ; besides, the same 
person may probably find a way to truck wool for cloth 
and stuffs, which "is now the chief trade for wools, and take 
them to his own account, and pay his Grace a better price for 
his wools than they can be sold for ready money. If you incline 
(before you receive his Grace's further advice) to send over 
some small parcels to Minehead and Bideford, I shall send 
you forms for your invoice, and letters of advice with directions 
how to make your entries at Custom house (if needful), and 
when you are in your way, shall from time to time give what- 
soever assistance and advise may be needful. 

Postscript : — When I understand what other goods you 
receive of your tenants, I shall give you my best advice about 
their disposal. 

CoL. EicHARD Laurence to Captain Geo. Mathew. 

1678, October 14. Dublin. — My servant's neglect in bringing 
your letter so late on Saturday, prevented my answering till 
this post. I have here enclosed sent you forms of bills of lading, 
invoice, and letters of advice.* When you ship your goods, 
if the weather be fair, or you have a dry warehouse near the 
King's scales, weigh before you make your entry, because then 
y^u will have no trouble of post entries, but if the weather 
be likely to rain, undergo any trouble or charge rather than 
have your wool wet, for wet will not only spoil the colour of 
your wool, but rot all your bags, which will be a great loss, 

* See below. 



335 

and the same bags will last you several years if they be kept 
dry, therefore write to your factors at every port to be careful 
of your bags, and if they can't sell them with your wool, to 
wash and dry them and return them back to you with all 
speed, and in this case make a guess entry, and perfect all 
your business in the Custom house within doors before you bring 
your wool to the scales, and*have a close gabbard lie ready as 
near the scales as you can, that the wool may be turned just 
from the scales into the gabbard, and make the porters sweep 
the ground very clean about the scales before you throw down 
your bags, and be sure your gabbard be not leaky, but see her 
bottom be dry and clean before you throw in your wool. For 
the fees of the Custom house, both within doors and without, 
every clerk of the Custom house will readily inform you. 
When you make a computed or guess entry, do not compute 
it exactly, keep the officer as ignorant as you can of the 
exact weight of your wool, for if the officer at the scales 
be anything civil, they give good weight, sometimes seven or 
eight, ten or twelve pound at a draft, that if you enter short, 
your making a post entry for forty stone is as little trouble 
as for ten, and if you enter considerably over, it will be the same 
with the officer in the making his return. If there be anything 
else you need advice more than what is on the other side that 
comes not into my memory, upon notice you shall receive it 
from him who is glad of an opportunity in anything within 
his power to express his readiness to be serviceable to his Grace. 

Enclosed with the foregoing Letter. 

The usual duties and fees paid at the Custom house to bring 
the wool aboard the ship. 
Per stone. 

Prime duty, 15d. 
Licence, 4d. 

Fees for Hcence, 1,500 stones, 11 5s. 
Petty duty. 

Searcher, 4rf. per bag. 

Cranier,4(f. per bag. 

Weigher and parceler at scales, 2d. per bag. 

Writing the entry, and cocket fees of the whole 

parcel, 61 Is. 

Gabridge at Dublin, 4d.; but at Waterford, 

according to the distance of the ship. 

So that we compute our wool stands us in clear on board all 

charge, betwixt 18d. and 19d. per stone, allowing 16 pounds 

to the stone; if the officer of the scales be very strict, more; 

and it would rise higher, but that you are allowed 18 pounds 

to the stone (by the King's scales), called the great stone, so 

that every hundred-weight of wool at the scales at 16 pounds 

to the stone, makes seven stone, but at 18 pounds to the stone, 

is six stone, and so you must reckon your stones with the King's 

officer, every hundred-weight six stone; and so expresses your 

cocket and your bond for certificate of its landing, but your 



336 

account or invoice to your factors must be at 16 pounds to the 
stone. For the variation of weights in the several ports in 
England you consign to, your factors in England will express 
in their accounts. 

We usually pay for freight from Dublin to Bristol 6d. per 
stone, sometimes 6d. , and the same to Minehead if the ship 
belong not to that port, but if she do, they will carry as cheap 
as to Bideford or Appledore, which is 4d., sometimes 3d., per 
stone; but Waterford being a shorter cut, it is probable you 
may agree cheaper; but never pinch freight to miss a good 
vessel. I had rather give some vessels 6d. than others 4d. 
per stone ; let your vessel be stiff and staunch, reputed a good 
sailer, with an honest skilful master, well acquainted with the 
coast, and well manned, otherways your goods may sink in 
a storm while others gets safe to shore, or be taken by a pirate 
while others escapes. If you ship off any goods before further 
advice, consign at Bristol to Mr. John Teig, at the Dolphin; 
at Minehead, to Mr. Nathaniel Bullock; at Bideford, to Mr. 
Samuel Leach ; what you ship to Minehead, let it be most 
combing wool ; at Taunton, serge makers give the best rates; 
for Bristol, some combing, but most clothing; at Bideford, 
both sorts usually docs well. I am against your venturing to 
Exeter, or any place beyond the Land's End while war and 
winter lasts. The venture is too great upon both accounts for 
the small matter gotten by wool to run the hazard of ; and for 
the person to manage this affair at London,! intend to commend 
Mr. William Kiffin (a person well known to his Grace) , either 
to undertake it himself, or to commend some other person to 
his Grace in whom he may be satisfied. 

Foi^M OF Letter of Advice, Bill of Lading, and Invoice. 

[Enclosed with above letter]. 

1673, October 12. Dublin. — These are to advise you I have 
shipped on board the Swan, of Bristol, John Styles, master, 
for this present voyage, twelve bags of wool; the quantity 
and quality is expressed in the enclosed invoice. You are to 
receive the same into your charge, paying freight according 
to the bill of lading, with the customs and duties of your port, 
and to secure them in a dry warehouse till you receive advice 
from Mr. William Kiffin of London, merchant, whose orders 
you are to observe in the disposement of them, and to send 
to him an account of sales with an account current, and observe 
his orders and accept his bills for the money you sell the goods 
for. Send myself advice of their arrival, and the condition 
you receive them in , with a certificate from the Custom house 
of their landing ; and when sold, send me copies of all accounts 
you send of sales, etc., to William KifiBn aforesaid, and of all 
bills he charges on you. By all your letters, advise me how 
the rates of wools and other Irish commodities rules with you , 
and you shall from time to time receive further advice and 
supply of fresh parcels of goods as your markets gives encourage- 
ments to your loving friend. 



337 



Direct your letter to ]\r. , Esq., to be left with the 

postmaster of Dublin; or if by ship to Dublin, to R. L. ; or 
if Waterford, to N. G. ; to be sent as above said. 

Shipped by the grace of God in good order and well con- 
ditioned, by me, R. L., of D., merchant, in and upon the 
good ship called the S. of P., whereof is master, under God, 
for this present voyage, G. L., and now riding at anchor in 

the port of H ; to say bags of wool, containing 

stones, and is on the proper account and adventure of R. L. of 
B., merchant, being marked and numbered as in the margin ; 
and are to be delivered in the like good order, and well con- 
ditioned, at the aforesaid port of H , the dangers of the 

seas only excepted, unto G. M. or his assignees, he or they 
paying freight for the said goods at the rate of 6d. per stone, 
with primage and average accustomed. In witness whereof 
the master or purser of the said ship hath affirmed to three 
bills of lading, all of this tenor and date, the one of which three 
bills being accomplished, the other two to stand void; and 
so God send the good ship to her desired port in safety. Amen. 
Dated this day of 

1671, May 13. Dublin. — Account of twelve bags of wool 
shipped on board the Orange Tree of Northam, Joseph Comber, 
master, for Appledore, and is on my proper account and 
adventure, and goes consigned unto Mr. Ethel Davie for 
Mr. George Ivie of Crediton, in Devonshire, merchant, marked 
and numbered as per margin, viz. : — 



No. 


Of whom 


SortH of 


Net 


Quantity 

of 
Stones. 


Prices 
Cleared 




Bought. Wool. 

1 


Weight. 


on 
Board. 


£ s. d. 








c. qt. lb. 








77 


Joseph Fish 
Do. 


Long fleece ... 


1 : 3:20 








78 


Do. 


1:3:6 








79 


Do. 


Do. 


1:3:6 


ston. lb. 


s. d. 




80 


Do. 


Do. 


2: 0:20 


93 : 12 


12 : 6 


58 11 10} 


81 


Do. 


Do. 


1 :03: 13 








82 


Do. . 


Do. 


2: 1: 








83 


Do. 


Do. 


1:2: 3 








84 


Will Bkooleigh Short fteeoe.. 


1 : 3 : 12 








85 


Do. Do. 


2: 0: 1 


Mton. lb. 


H. d. 




86 Do. Do. 


2: 1: 11 


73 : 7 


10 : 


36 14 4i 


87 Do. Do. 


1 : 3: 18 








88 


Do. ! Do. 

1 


2: 1:13 








In 12 bags of sundry persons 


23 : 3 : 15 


1 

167 : 3 ... 


95 6 3 


12 bags at 68. per bag 


• • « 


■ • ■ , • • • 


03 12 




Total 

1 


98 18 3 



Ahthur Podmore to Capt. Geo. Mathew. 

1673, October 25. Dublin. — The enclosed letters came hither 
with three packets on Thnrsday night last. Mr. Eead has 
the wool licences for 1,000 stone each. We could not get them 

Wt. 8878 V 



336 

for 500 each without paying 255. every warrant to the secretary, 
which in that respect would have been a double charge. I 
proposed to him to take half-fees for every licence, and let 
them go for 500 stone each, which would have been the same 
thing in effect to him, but he said it would be an ill precedent, 
and others would expect the like. However, in making the 
warrants to you or your assignees, he did comply, but not 
without first asking my Lord Lieutenant if any danger from 
capers should be apprehended. It has been usual in such cases 
to have a warrant for one of the frigates, plying near Kinsale, 
to convoy ships with wool ; should the like be thought needful 
now, I presume, upon request made, it will be granted. 



Jambs Clarke to Capt. Geo. Mathew. 

1673, October 28. Clarendon House. — ^The gentleman* that 
Colonel Laurence recommended was with his Grace, and 
is known to be an able, understanding man, and has promised 
to serve his Grace to his power ; he will write to his corres- 
pondents in all parts of the west, and upon their answers, will 
return his advice w^hat he had best to do w^ith his wool ; this 
being the deadest time for a market, we hope to have time 
enough to order the transporting of it against a probable time 
to dispose of it to advantage. This day, Mr. Mulys tells 
us of a merchant that deals greatly in that commodity, and 
that has seen the wool, or at least have had a report what 
it is ; he believes this man will deal for the w^hole quantity. 
I suppose his proposals will be given to his Grace within two 
days, and by the next post you shall know the result. 



EiCHARD Mulys to Ormond. 

1673 [-4] , January 3. Paris. — In my last I advertised your 
Grace of 2001 that my Lord of Derby had drawn upon you 
for the two months' maintenance. I produced the bill to 
Monsieur D. Voulyrs for advance of the said sum, and received 
for answer that his order [obliterated] , and he could advance 
no more money upon his Lordship's bills. This my Lord 
would not give credit to ; himself having been with the merchant 
formerly, w-ho told him that if I would appear, his Lordship 
might have what money he pleased; whereupon, on Saturday 
last, I went together with my Lord, and was repulsed in like 
manner as before; at which he grew highly displeased as 
believing some trick in it on purpose to oppose and disgrace 
him. I can answer for myself that I was wholly ignorant and 
much surprised at this stop of necessary payments. Whatever 
his Lordship's resentments were upon this disappointment of 
money, and the notice that he told me was lately given him 
from London of your Grace's intention to abandon him and 

♦Mr. Kiffin. 



930 

all his affairs, besides his own pressing occasions for pocket 
money, his Lordship concealed [them] from me, and secretly 
is slipt from hence with deaign (as appears by his Lordship's 
letter to me received yesterday at noon), and by the report 
of his friends, Mr. Ainsworth and Mr. Morrits, to appear 
first in his own story and disabuse your Grace. He parted 
hence on Sunday, in the afternoon, and he hoped to be at 
London on this day. His course here your Grace has partly 
heard ; the manner of living that he proposeth to himself, your 
Grace will understand from his own mouth. His friends here 
extol his prudence, conduct, close and steady resolutions, and 
expect his sudden return to Paris, which I believe is at present 
designed. He hath privately disposed of his coach and horses ; 
His other goods I have taken an inventory of, and will lodge 
with Monsieur Joubert, the master of the Academy. There 
is nobody with him but a French footboy, that speaks less 
English than his Lordship hath French (and some say one 
other servant that belongs to Morrits, and was in the attempt 
upon Mr. Forbes, but this is not spoke with certainty), they are 
both of very ill fame. He hath had supplies of money, I 
presume from Mr. Wentworth, or some ways that they have . 
put him upon, of which your Grace may hear in time. And 
because his Lordship could not command enough here to repay 
the same in the manner he intended, he grew incensed against 
me, who had not power over one penny of his money, but am 
now forced, considering the manner of his departure, the 
clamour of the poor mechanics, and the dishonour that would 
thereupon fall upon his Lordship, to employ that money and 
credit that my own friends had given me here for other uses, 
to the discharging of his Lordship's debts, which done, I 
cheerfully lay hold on the liberty that your Grace hath given 
me, and on Saturday next set out with the rest of my Lord's 
servants under my charge for England. Since within this 
eight days, I have supplied my Lord with 100 pistoles for his 
pocket expense. 

Postscript : — ^I shall lay out for payment of my Lord's debts 
here, and otherwise on his Lordship's accounts, betwixt 200/ 
and SOOl. I bes,eech your Grace that provision may be made 
for discharge thereof, by reason of Mr. Forbes his great charges 
here ; and the disappointment of satisfaction from Marrits by 
his discharge from prison without any regard to damages, cost, 
and charge. I am forced to advance to him some part of his 
salary. 

Encloses copy of the Earl of Derby's letter to Rich, 
Mulys : — 

1673, December 31. Paris. — I am gone towards England 
this day, therefore I desire you to take care that my debts be 
paid, especially those to De Hollando, and to pay off the coach- 
man and Mountaine, and take their liveries, and to send Mr. 
[ ]ereign6 and the page after me. 



340 

Edward Corker to Capt. Geo. Mathew. 

1674, March 25. Dublin. — Since you left Dublin, looking 
more narrowly into the accounts passed in the year 1662, 1 find 
an account of 1,004,000?, which was advanced by Sir Bobert 
Vyner upon his Grace's first coming to the government ; and 
in the payments out of that sum, I have discovered the very 
truth of that matter now in question before the Commissioners 
of the Treasury — and which I doubt not but will satisfy you 
when you see the account, that the 547/ 1,9. Sd. paid by way 
of imprest, is not the same that his Grace allows as paid in 
his account with Sir Daniel Bellingham, for on the 13th of 
April, 1662, there is paid Mr. Hume's 547/ 1^. 8d., besides 
the former sum — and in that very account is said to be allowed 
back by his Grace — how they happened to be alike I know not, 
but am confident it is really as I have found it. I will not 
proceed in anything by informing the commissioners how the 
matter is until I hear from you, or that you appoint one to 
examine that account with me. I owe a duty to his Grace 
which obligeth me to regard any concern of his — and although 
this account may satisfy you that I am now in the right, yet 
I think it not convenient that the commissioners should see 
it. I will be directed by you what is best to be done, for when 
you are satisfied that the matter has been misapprehended 
all this while, it may be you may think it necessary to proceed 
some particular way for the satisfaction of the commissioners, 
for I guess it to be his Grace's humour that he would equally 
choose the loss of so much money rather than to be found in 
arrear for it, although through mistake. 

Lady Mary Cavendish to the Duchess op Ormond. 

1674, June 28. — I was sorry yesterday when I received your 
Ladyship's letter, to find it was not written from Ireland. 
They told me the wind was fair, two or three days together, 
after you were at the sea side, which made me hope you were 
landed. I wrote a letter four or five days ago, which I believe 
your Ladyship will not receive. My Lord Devonshire is resolved 
upon going into the country within a fortnight, but I believe 
I shall not, for my Lord says he will not go. I have written 
to Betty Stanhope ; when I hear how she does, I will give 
your Ladyship an account. The town has now very little 
company in it ; I hear they talk very much again of my Lord 
Lauderdale's going into Ireland. I met him the other day 
with my Lady Devonshire, whom he comes often to see ; which 
you may imagine she was pleased with. He has gotten her 
chaplain, Mr. Naylor, the promise of being a prebendary of 
Westminster. The children are very well. I shall now only 
beg of your Ladyship to present my humble duty to my father. 

Ormond to Sir H. Co^tsntry. 

1674, July 13. Kilkenny. — By what steps I am gotten 
hither will not be much for your instruction, and it will be 



3ll 

of as little importance to tell you I am here ready to receive 
your commands. I neither have, nor »m like to have, any 
observations to make touching the place, the people, or the 
government. You are therefore like to receive addresses from 
me very rarely ; at least I hope so, because the subject can 
probably be only when I find myself or some friend of mine 
under some difficulty, by the act or power of those that profess 
not to wish us well. This I already meet with in the case 
of Sir George Lane, in whose behalf I presumed to importune 
His Majesty for a just declaration of his pleasure that he might 
receive the benefit of two letters patents, by which offices and 
salaries are conferred on him for life. His pretension was 
referred to my Lord Treasurer's examination, and on his report 
the suit was granted. In a very few days after, a letter is 
contrived which absolutely frustrates the King's justice and 
favour to Sir George, and though it was without doubt calculated 
principally for that end, yet it carries so much appearance of 
reason with it, that I do not wonder it should pass without 
any observation of the main drift of it. If you please to allow 
Sir George Lane the liberty of informing you of all the 
circumstances of this aiTair, I think it will appear to you, and 
then to His Majesty, that as his bounty has been placed in this 
particular upon the consideration of long and faithful seryice, so 
if the establishment be examined, places less useful and persons 
less meriting will be found provided for. Besides that, Sir 
George Lane's places and pensions were in the establishment 
undertaken to be paid by the Lord Eanelagh's contract, and 
divers others which were not, are since added and paid- All I 
will add is that I was very desirous at my parting with His 
Majesty, to bring with me this mark of my credit with him, and 
that it will put me much out of countenance to be disappointed. 
I am, Sir, your most affectionate and most humble servant. 



Cabroll Bolton to Lord John Butler. 

1674, July 24. Belfast. — Excnfie Bland's stay, for he could 
be despatched no sooner ; and however things may be presented 
to you, and notwithstanding your adversaries here, I doubt 
not of two true friends, and tliose will (in due time) bring in 
the third. Whatever answer (to yours) you receive from my 
Lord, be sure you constantly write to liim, and let him know 
your passions increase, and let affairs jog as please the fates. 
Write to Hoyle, and enclose it in a letter from Henry Bryn 
to me, but put not your hand to the letter, yet let all be written 
with your own hand, and write as from a third person ; you 
know what you have to say. I shall manage the business so 
that she shall know it to be your Lordship's hand, and from 
yourself, but nobody else. As I am yet very confident of good 
success (though these little oppositions by shaking the root 
serve to hinder the growth and thriving thereof, yet do they 
the better fix it by making it take surer root, and consequently 



342 

it must pro4)er the more plentifully, and the enjoyment will 
prove more satisfactory when matters are compared with 
difficulty), so there shall be no want of my best endeavours. 

Carroll Bolton to Ormond. 

1674, July 29. Belfast. — May it please your Grace: The 
gout is so in my hand that I can hardly write; however, I 
thought it necessary to give your Grace an account of occur- 
rences since my last by Mr. Bland. 

The Countess Donegall received a letter from the Countess 
of Mountrath in the behalf of the Earl, her son ; after reading 
whereof, she said : ** I think I shall be persuaded to let Lord 
John have Nan, but Mountrath shall never, yet I hope there's 
an end put to Lord John's further addresses if he has not a 
greater passion for her than I think " ; so that I find now, the 
Countess being confirmed in Lord John's passion for Lady Ann 
(having assurance that Lady Ann hath a kindness for him), 
she will no longer oppose it since my Lord Donegall is 
altogether for a match ; upon consideration whereof, with all 
submission, I humbly conceive Lord John should do well to 
haste hither as privately as possible may be, and with as few 
attendants, that his coming may not be known before he be 
here ; his work will be to satisfy the Countess and Lady Ann 
of his real passions for her, and then nothing can obstruct 
the confirmation. Truly, my Lord, Lady Ann hath been so 
free with her mother, that she hath commended the person of 
Lord John, and more effectually his humour ; and give me leave 
to acquaint your Grace that Lady Ann is very fair, virtuous, 
of an excellent humour, and mighty ingenious. *Tis true 
she is little, but exceeding pretty, and I am confident marriage 
would increase her stature. When matters come to a treaty, 
which I hope will be soon after Lord John hath been here 
(if I may advise your Grace), do as much as you well can for 
him, and refer Lady Ann's portion or estate or both to my 
Jjord; for to my knowledge, if he match her in your Grace's 
family, he will settle upon her, in England and Ireland, above 
3,000/ per annum, with noble seats; but this to your Grace 
only. 

Lord Clare* to Ossory. 

1G74, July 30. Paris. — ^From Perwis, six leagues from 
Charleroi. — My last was of the 23rd to your Lordship, upon 
our march from Park, near Lovaine, which we continued all 
that night, to join next day with 10,000 German horse at 
Bonuff ; their foot, being but 12,000, came last night to us, 
we having laid between them and the enemy. There went 
4,000 German foot and 3,000 horse from us to assist the 
Palatinate army. We have the finest army that ever was 
seen ; we are at least 17,000 horse and 35,000 foot. 

* Gilbert Holies, 3rd Earl of Clare, of the Holies creation. 



343 

The Prince of Conde fortifies liimself close to Charleroi, 
and it seems he hath no mind to us, though we be come here 
to him. When there is anything more, your Lordship shall 
have it. 

Postscript : — I beseech your Lordship to send this to my 
Lord Duke for Ireland, since I cannot write by a quicker way 
to his Grace, and that here in our camp we have no certain 
way of sending by reason of the boors and enemy, but as by 
chance we meet with convoys. 

James Clarke to Ormond. 

1674, August 8. Clarendon House. — This day Sir Cyril 
Wych was with me to desire that his principal money might 
be paid with the interest, which will be due the 21st instant ; 
it will be 618/. This was due to Sir William Boardman, who 
told him, as he tells me, that he believed about this time he 
would help your Grace with the same sum, for I understand 
this gentleman is now building a house in the square in St. 
James' fields. There is a report when the King comes from 
Windsor he will go to Newmarket, and that the Queen will 
go. If your Grace think it convenient to consider to whom 
you will lend your house, I heard the King should say that 
the Queen should have his, and he would have your Grace's. 
How true this is I know not. If your Grace has sent any 
answer to Squire's propositions, I must stay till Sir George 
comes from my Lord of Dorset's on Tuesday ; he went yesterday 
thither. I think it would be convenient to know from thence 
whether the money deducted out of the prize wines be allowed , 
or how much, that there may be no stop at the next payment, 
for without some testimony from thence what is done, I shall 
be delayed here. 

Francis, Lord Aungier to Ormond. 

1674, August 8. Longford. — I have returned the bearer your 
Grace's falconer, with two cast of hawks, of which one cast 
was mewed this last year. I hope they will please your Grace, 
but if they should fail your expectation, your Grace has this 
reserve, that if you like mine better, both they and my falconer 
are at your Grace's disposal. About a month hence, I resolve 
to kiss your Grace's hands at Kilkenny, by which time, if 
this fair weather lasts, I doubt not but the harvest will be in, 
and then the season will be proper for this sport, in the trial of 
which, your Grace will soon find how far I am improved in 
this art since your Grace left Dublin. 

I received, three posts since, a kind of summons from Mr. 
Secretary Coventry to the Parliament in November next, 
when he tells me 'tis agreed on all hands we shall meet ; but 
in this affair I am wholly governed by your Grace. 

Postscript: — My Lord, just as the goshawk was drawn, 
there was an impediment discovered in her wing, so that I 



344 

was forced to scud a flying hawk in her stead, the only hawk 
I have, and the hopefullest in the three kingdoms. She has 
already this season killed three brace of old stagers, and I 
liad that value for her, that no man on earth (except the King 
and the Duke) should have had her from me but your Grace. 

LoKD Clare to Earl of Ossory. 

1674, August 6.— My Lord : I have written to your Lordship 
from our camp near Nivel, and from Lenef, where w^e came 
nearer to the enemy's camp at Tresini. We were at Lenef 
two nights in view of the enemy, and upon Saturday, the 11th 
of this month, we marched from thence towards Mariemont, 
leaving a thousand foot and 2,000 horse and dragoons in the 
rear guard, under the Prince of Vodemon's command. Our 
army marched in three several w'ays to Mariemont, and our 
ba^^gage in three more ; the disposition of the march being 
always left to the Spanish commanders in this country, though 
that day the Prince would have his baggage go further about 
to tlio right hand, rather than take the nearer way that was 
full of ill passages and very narrow, but it was not observed, 
which obliged our guards to keep their post so long, that the 
Germans were encamped, and most of the Spanish and Holland 
army got to Mariemont, two leagues and a half from our guard, 
to see our waggons pass the first narrow way they met with. 
In the meanwhile, the Prince of Cond^ drew out his army 
behind a hill, which was opposite to our guards, which he 
attacked with two regiments of dragoons and foot, at nine of 
the clock in the morning, and we disputing the ground, he 
brought two pieces of artillery and sent more men to fire upon 
us. 

When we saw our waggons past the first narrow passage, we 
retired to a bridge behind us, and there we disputed the passage, 
but being overpowered by the enemy's foot, we were forced 
to give way, having lost young Prince Maurice of Nasau, 
Colonel to one of the foot battalions, and the Colonel that 
commanded the other battalion, with most of their officers. 
Then our horse kept no ground, being all inclosures about us, 
until we came a league further, where we were received by 
Count Valdeck, Marquess de Assontar, and Duke de Villaher- 
niosa, at the head of four regiments of foot and a thousand 
horse : they also had two small pieces of artillery planted on 
a rising ground before thcni. And there, after a shaiTp dispute, 
and giving a stop to the enemy, the Prince left the post to 
those great commanders, and went to put the rest of his army 
in a posture of fighting. 

About half a league further he found his artillery and the 
wing of the Holland foot, w^hich the Eeigne Grave (a brave 
man, and Lieutenant General of the foot) commanded; his 
Higliness got this artillery planted on a height near Mariemont, 
and drew his foot and some horse to defend it. In the mean- 
while, the Marquess Assentar was talicn prisoner, Count 



315 

Valdeck wouuded, and most of the commanders and soldiers 
of those five regiments lost, and their two guns, our horse 
having not stuck well to them ; only the Duke of Villahermosa 
behaved himself like a brave man. 

Then the Prince of Cond^ attacks our artillery, about one 
of the clock, with all his force, but it was resolutely and bravely 
defended by the Prince of Orange; he drew thither all his 
foot, who fought admirable well, and five German regiments. 
He had also some squadrons of horse, but the gross of our 
horse were on the bottom and plains near us, towards Mons, 
to which plains some of our great commanders would persuade 
the Prince to retire, but his Highness told* them he would 
make good the place ; and it was necessary, for if we had lost 
it, we had been in danger of losing all. The hill was level 
and large on the top, and surrounded with woods and orchards ; 
the enemy pressed through these orchards to come upon us, 
and planted their artillery upon some houses and heights 
which were in them, and continued sharp fighting until twelve 
of the clock at night, having broke in twice in the night with 
some squadrons of horse on our flank, crying to us to lay down 
arms, but they were beaten out again. The enemy and we 
set many houses afire to give us light in the night. They 
retired about one of the clock in the morning, and we continued 
until eight in the same place where we fought, then having 
taken all the w^ounded men with us, and the bodies of the dead 
which were of quality, we marched as formerly we intended 
to the plains between Mariemont and Mons, where we now 
are ; but few of our horse could come that day to service. 

Count Zowis and all our generals were on the place, but 
none so active, so steady and so brave as the Prince of Orange, 
who from nine of the clock in the morning until twelve at 
night, w^as in the heat of all engagements, and indeed all that 
while it w^as a continued one. 

His Highness fortunately escaped, having once or twice 
come to the head of the enemy's squadrons of horse to command 
them to follow him, and the second time asking the captain 
why he did not follow at the first command, he answered he 
was putting his men in order, upon which, the Prince, 
discovering his white scarf, he clapt spurs to his horse and 
went to the head of another squadron, which immediately he 
brought upon the enemy and defeated him. We lost two small 
])ieces of cannon, and the greatest part of our Holland army's 
baggage. I believe there was 4,000 of our side killed, and 
above 2,000 wounded, and that the enemy had as many killed 
and w^ounded of theirs. The Prince of Lorraine, Prince Pio 
the Reignegrave, the Prince of Turtenbergh, the Duke of 
Holstein, Lieutenant General Alnay, and a great many more 
oflScers of quality wounded. 

Prince Zalmes, Count Solmes, Colonel of the Prince of 
Orange's guards of foot, and a great many other ofiicers of ours, 
prisoners. You shall have a perfecter account of what were 
killed, wounded, and taken by the next, but I give you now 



3iG 

a true and impartial accouut of the engagemeut, as 1 liave been 
eye witness to it from first to last, having no other charge 
that day but the honour of following the Prince. 

Sir Walter Fane died this morning of his wounds, having 
behaved himself with much credit and applause. It was a 
sharp engagement, and obstinately pursued by the French. 
Your brother, Overkirke, behaved himself gallantly, and 
received a musket bullet in his head, but did not break his 
skull ; he is now ready for another bout. 

The Conde Montekey sent us this day a good body of fresh 
horse and 5,000 Spanish foot. The Prince attributes our 
disaster to Monsieur Lavigne, as designed to have us affronted, 
and so much his Highness told him before Duke de Villaher- 
mosa, Prince of Vodemont, and many others. 

I pray send this to my Lord Duke, your father, with my 
most humble duty. 

Postscript : — Marquess de Assentar died of his wounds ; and 
I pray excuse my blots.* 

Ormond to the Governor of the Isle of Man. 

1674, August 17. Kilkenny. — I received your letter of the 
25th of July last, representing the bad estate the people of 
the Isle of Man are in for want of due provisions, and the 
scarcity of money amongst them hereby, tliough my Lord 
of Derby's affair- will be exceedingly incommoded. I shall 
yet, upon the hopes you have there of a good herring fishing, 
give some further time to the people for their bringing in their 
rents and arrears. I hope this encouragement will induce 
them to use their utmost endeavours to comply with my Lord 
of Derby's straits for want of the rents of the island, and doubt 
not of your taking all imaginable care to have it the most 
speedily effected. I am in my Lord's behalf to give you 
my thanks for your care of the government there, and return 
you my own for the present of hawks you sent me by the 
bearer. I am glad to find that your bishop is now arrived, 
who I hope will continue with you for the further encourage- 
ment of the people. 

As to the person you say you have reprieved and pardon 
of another, in regard their faults were small, for obtaining 
rovisions in the time of dearth there, and writing so reprieved 
y what appears to me in your letter, I know no reason but 
that he may have his pardon as well as the other. 

Col. Eichard Laurence to Capt. Geo. Mathew. 

1674, September 22. — ^I have here enclosed a copy of articles 
containing the substance of the contract betwixt yourself and 
Mr. Middleton ; you may alter as you see cause those covenants 
of parting. I thought necessary, in case the business should 
not answer expectation , though I can foresee no reason to doubt 

*The spoiling of the proper names adopted in the original has been 
followed in this transcript. 



I 



347 

on either part, but by this one, Mr. Person, you will make 
an experiment how the country will take to spinning better 
than by more; and proportionable to your spinnmgs' increase, 
you may increase looms and artists at pleasure. We cannot 
make too much of this commodity if we can make it so much 
cheaper than England as will repay the disproportion of freight 
and adventure, which will be above treble what it is from 
London or Hull, in regard the voyage and adventure is so much 
more hazardous and chargeable, we have the advantage of 
England thirty pounds per cent, in the wools. If we can reduce 
the labour near the rate of England, the design will take, and 
then we may as well transport 5,000Z worth a year as one. If we 
cannot attain to this foreign manufacture, it is vain to attempt 
any other, depending upon the expense of the country. The 
trouble and uncertainty of sales, and hazards of trusting is 
not to be endured, and the country wears little of this sort 
of coarse cloth ; and for fine cloth, our spinning will not come 
to it in seven years for any quantity I concern myself in. The 
receipt and approbation of the cloth, because I know yourselt 
neither understands nor will undergo the trouble, if yourself or 
any other friends of yours think fit to stand the venture of seas 
and markets, I shall be your factor on very reasonable terms 
(the chief profit I aim at is to be serviceable to his Grace) ; 
if not, I shall take the cloth at the rate he is to deliver them, 
and be accountable to his Grace for them at six months after 
shipping of each pack, which is ten cloths. When I find they 
turn to a good account, I shall allow his Grace interest for his 
money. In the meanwhile, I presume your profit by the wool 
will do it, for the smallest wool, which is to be bought for 
the most part at 65. 6d. and 7s., is best for us, and 12d. per 
stone profit by your wool is 65. a cloth at 51, which is 61 per 
cent., and if we can make two returns a year, as I hope we 
may, it will be 121 per cent, per annum, besides the planting 
of your town and filling the country full of money. If this 
design fail, I will never meddle more with manufacture in 
Ireland ; but it appears to me to be the most rational and 
hopeful that hath been undertaken ; if there be anything either 
in the articles or in my letter obscure, upon notice I shall 
e^cplain. 

Postscript: — Present my faithful humble service to their 
Graces, tell them I repent the sending that small parcel of 
linen ; my design was not to put off the goods, but that her 
Grace, who I looked at as the mother of this manufacture, 
his Grace being the father of it, should see what linen it 
produceth, and order her housekeeper to give her an account 
how it wears ; hoping her Grace commending of it upon her 
own experience to other ladies of her acquaintance might bring 
it into request. For the sheeting and table linen, I know there 
is none such made in the King's dominions, nor in Europe, 
better at the price, and my great discouragement is want of 
sales for ready money, and if her Grace should return this small 
parcel, it may bring an ill report upon it. 



348 
AnTicLi'is oi? Aghki^ment betwixt George Mathew, Esq., 

ON THE BEHALF OF HIS GrACE, THE DUKE OF ORMOND, ETC., 

ON THE ONE PART, AND WiLLTAM MiDDLETON OF DUBLlN, 

CLOTHIER, ON THE OTHER PART, AS FOLLOWETH. : — 

That the said George Mathew, Esq., shall furnish the said 
William Middletoii, with a convenient dwelling-house and 
other conveniences for work-houses in the town of Callan, at 
the rates expressed in his Grace's propositions for the planting 
of the said town, etc. 

That the said George Mathew, Esq., shall supply the said 
William Middleton with wools such as he shall have occasion 
for from time to time at the rate of 8«. per stone, not exceeding 
oOl worth at a time ; the said Middleton to give security to be 
responsible for the said wools, and to perform the conditions 
of the next article. 

That the said Middleton shall cause to be spun the said wools 
at the town of Callan and country adjacent, and shall there 
weave the same in broad cloth according to the length, breadth, 
size and weight agreed upon betwixt the said William Middleton 
and Richard Laurence of Chapelizod, Esq., which cloth the 
said Middleton is to send to Dublin from the loom, and there 
deliver the same at his ow-n proper cost to the said Eichard 
Laurence or his assigns ; and upon the certificate of the said 
llichard Laurence that he hath received the said cloth well 
and sufficiently performed according to agreement, the said 
George Mathew, Esq., will pay the said Middleton five pounds 
for each cloth. 

The said George Mathew^ Esq., doth covenant to take, and 
the said William Middleton doth covenant to deliver, for the 
first year 500/ worth of the sa»id cloth, for the second year 1,000Z 
w^orth, and for the third year 1,500Z worth, and no more nor 
less, unless by a new or further agreement betwixt them. 

Articles between Col. Eichard Laurence and William 

Middleton. 

It is agreed betw^ixt Eichard Laurence and William 
Middleton, that the said Middleton shall make a sort of cloth 
known by the name of Wiltshire pack cloths, \\^hich are to 
contain out of the loom betwixt 41 and 42 yards, and full 
three yards broad within the lyst; the lyst of a deep blue, 
two inches broad; the cloth to be weaved in a ten hundred 
reed, and made of good fine fieece wool. 

That the said contract shall continue for three years in case 
both persons find mutual encouragement; but if the said 
Middleton shall not be able to perform according to contract, 
he shall have liberty after three months w^arning, and delivering 
cloth for the stock of wools in his hand, to remove or stay 
and employ himself for his best advantage. And on the other 
hand, if the said George ^^athew shall bo d'"scouraged to 



349 

proceed, he fthall liave liberty, after six months warning, to 
withdraw his stock, allowing to the said Middleton 20i towards 
the charge of his remove, and other damages he may suffer by 
the trade undertaking. 

Capt. Geo. Mathew to (?) Col. Laurence. 

1674, September 22, Kilkenny, — ^I received yours with the 
articles intended to be passed between me and Middleton for 
setting up a trade at Callan, in which I do not observe what 
articles are to pass between his Grace and you for payin»j[ 
his Grace. For the cloth only, you mention that you will 
pay his Grace in six months after the goods are shipped, which 
is very uncertain, and also what you mention about the interest 
of my Lord's money if you find the goods turn to a good account , 
Therefore, I desire a certain time may be limited for your 
payment after receiving the goods with the interest, and for 
the wool that Middleton shall from time to time receive it 
at the price current here when he takes it, and what buildings 
he thinks fit to make at Callan , to do it upon his own charge 
upon the terms proposed, and my Lord to be obliged only to 
take of the value of five hundred pounds a year. 

What houses are undisposed of in the place, shall be delivered 
Mr. Middleton by the time appointed, which is all from your 
friend. 

Col. Richard Laurence to Capt. Geo. Mathew. 

1674, September 25. Chapelizod, — Yours of the 22nd instant 
I received. Upon reading the same to Mr. Middleton, he 
seemed to be discouraged, suspecting yourself hath no great 
kindness for that affair, and it is your unhappiness, though I 
am persuaded undeserved, to be thought no favourer of his 
Grace's designs in promoting Protestant plantations, which I 
suppose arises from the discontent, and from thence the 
complaints of several of your Protestant tenants in Kilkenny : 
for I observed while there that not only Doctor Jerome but 
Mr. Clubb, a Norwich weaver, and others that came along with 
us about settling at Callan, after they observed his Grace left 
them wholly to your encouragement, they presently declined 
your purposes of removing. Now, Sir, being satisfied this is 
but the groundless jealousies of weak people, for that your 
near relation to that noble family, w^ith your English education 
and great concernedness in the English interest by your estate, 
doth suflBciently satisfy me your parts and ingenuity are too 
high to subject civil interest to the interest of a particular 
opinion in religion ; but to satisfy such a sort of people as 
we must have to do with about planting Callan with the most 
rational arguments against your fancy will be hard work, 
Therefore, Sir, I presume in the behalf of his Grace, to offer 
it to your great prudence whether it may not be advisable to 
put out your name in his Grace's propositions, and to put in 



850 

Controller Baxter's, or some other Protestant servant of my 
Lord's to manage that business, who may be bound to transact 
all by your advice and direction so far as it concerns my Lord's 
profit or loss; and the rather because as these kind of 
mechanic affairs are far below your quality and education, 
so are they much besides your humour to trouble yourself 
with things of this nature; for whoever meddles with 
them, must subject himself to converse and treat with many 
impertinent people. Sir, excuse this freedom, for had not I 
good assurance of your great candour and ingenuity in inter- 
preting all things well that is so meant, I should not have 
presumed thus to have writ. In answer [obliterated] write 
about my covenants with his Grace for the payment of the 
cloth. I have writ at large to himself, and I am willing to 
sign to any reasonable covenants tendered by you, provided 
I hazard the loss of no more than my labour ; and it will be 
hard for me to covenant to pay interest till I have tried the 
markets beyond sea, and know what profit our goods will 
turn to above freight and insurance. I desire if you proceed 
with Mr. Middleton, you would not alter the article of delivering 
him wool at Ss. per stone, for upon that depends much of 
the success of our undertaking, for which I shall give you good 
reasons when I see you, which are in short these: — ^First, 
unless we fix the wool at a certain price, we cannot fix the 
cloth at a certain price ; secondly, if he be at liberty to buy his 
own wool, he will be tempted to buy such wool as is for his 
own profit, though much to our loss, for the goodness of the 
cloth depends upon the nature of the wool, and I intend next 
shear time to send down a skilful man to view the wool of 
all my Lord's tenants, and to pitch upon such parcels as are 
fittest for our use, and to take the same wool every year at 
the price then current. Sir, Mr. Middleton coming down again 
to wait upon you to make an end with you off or on, I shall 
add no more. 

Capt. Geo. Mathew to Col. Eichahd Laurence. 

1674, October 14. — I deferred answering your letter until I 
could give you an account what we should conclude with 
Mr. Middleton. I produced him those concessions that I drew 
in behalf of my Lord, and that I would in every point that 
he would fix upon observe them to him, and desired no other 
security but a covenant that he w^ould settle the manufactory 
at Callan, and during his continuance of it there he should 
have the benefit of what was promised, which he accepted 
of and signed to an agreement in order to a lease ; and in regard 
my Lord was not free to run the hazard of adventure of the 
product of that manufacture, I did not think fit to give you 
any further trouble upon those terms you proposed to serve 
his Grace, 

I must now return you my thanks, though your letter later 
produced by Middleton seems to take notice as if you heard I 



351 

was dissatisfied for the free dealing with me. In relation to 
what these artists suggest of my backwardness to promote an 
English plantation, I am so little conscious that I do not in 
the least regard what they say, nor will I at all decline 
interposing what occurs to me to my Lord's advantage in 
purchasing to myself their good opinion, for it was his concern 
alone that induced me to propose those encouragements for a 
Protestant plantation in that town before his Grace had 
thoughts of it ; but I must confess I was not inclined to any 
other sort of persuasion but of the old Protestant church. 
Having had experience before of the French and Walloons, 
made me the more backward to have any further dealings 
with them ; which is all I have to trouble you with at present. 

EoGER L'E strange' s Case. 

1674, October. — After L'Estrange had spent his fortune, and 
above twenty years of his life in the service of the crown, almost 
four of them in Newgate under sentence of death, besides other 
imprisonments without any sort of consideration whatsoever, 
His Majesty was graciously pleased, in 1663, to grant him a 
patent for the News book, with certain other privileges of 
printing ; and to appoint him also by the said patent, Overseer 
of the Press ; which he reduced to that degree, that His Majesty 
said several times he wondered how it could be done. 

In the year 1665, the News book was taken into the 
secretary's oflBce ; the rights and the patent for it remaining 
to this day with L'Estrange. The terms will appear in the 
following certificate. 

The Certificate of the Right Honourable the Lord 

Chamberlain. 

These are to certify that in the time I was Secretary of State, 
it was His Majesty's pleasure to grant unto Eoger L'Estrange 
a patent for the News book, and other privileges of sole 
printing ; and afterwards to direct the News books to be taken 
into the secretary's oflBce. And in consideration thereof; His 
Majesty did order that lOOZ per annum should be allowed him 
out of the profits of the News books ; and also that I should 
give him yearly the sum of 200Z, which I constantly paid him 
(over the above allowance for extraordinary expenses in the 
discovery of libels, according to bills made by him) unto the 
29th of September, 1674, upon the account of secret service. 

Arlington. 

After the removal of the Earl of Arlington from the 
secretary's ofiBce, L'Estrange being much behind in his 
allowance, the King was pleased to promise him a direction 
to the Lord Treasurer for the payment of his arrears, where- 
upon he did humbly petition His Majesty for that arrear, and 
likewise for the renewing of his patent with certain amendments 
and additions, which His Majesty had formerly referred, upon 



352 

L'Estraiige's humble request, to Sir Jeffrey Palmer and Sir 
Heneage Finch (at that time His Majesty's Attorney General 
and Solicitor), whose report was full and clear to the advantage 
of the petitioner. Ihit some of the particulars therein 
comprised having obliquely some relation to the King's 
revenue, so far as to the printing of papers with blanks for 
the collecting of it, the Earl of Arlington was of opinion for 
a furtlier reference of the matter to the Lords Commissioners 
of the Treasury, that there might be no further scruple or 
difficulty in the case. The Lords Commissioners of the 
Treasury referred the petitioner again to Sir Eobert Long, 
whose report w-as as clear for the petitioner as the former, 
and the Earl of Arlington (to whom L'Estrange was highly 
obliged in it) knows every step of this affair. 

This report being passed, L'Estrange could never recover 
his originals out of the treasury office ; some of the particulars 
being granted to others over his head, and others fraudulently 
conveyed from him by some of the King's officers and servants, 
taking the advantage even of that opportunity that forced him 
out of the kingdom for his safety. 

The petition above mentioned for his arrear, etc., was 
presented to His Majesty by the Lord Bishop of London, and 
referred in his presence by His Majesty to the Lord Treasurer, 
who was pleased to order unto Ij'Estrange at several times 
the sum of 400Z, which he received accordingly, being first 
thoroughly satisfied in the state of the account. Eeferring to the 
other branch of the petition concerning the legality of the grant 
to the King's learned counsel at law, upon which reference Sir 
Francis Winnington reported the lawfulness of such a grant, 
as Sir Jeffrey Palmer and Sir Heneage Finch had formerly 
done. 

Upon this report the Lord Treasurer being fully satisfied , 
directed a report to be drawn up for himself to sign ; which 
report was drawn up and presented. But either through 
business, mislaying the papers, or other accidents intervening, 
L'Estrange could never reap any further effect of the King's 
gracious intentions towards him ; but my Lord Treasurer going 
off from his office, the matter remains to this day depending 
before the Treasury, and the papers to prove every particular 
of this affair are at present in the hands of L'Estrange, and 
ready to be produced. 

The arrears from the Earl of Arlington's going off, September 
29th, 1674, to Christmas, 1682, amounts to 2,060/, whereof 
was received of the Lord Treasurer 400/, and of Sir Leoline 
Jenkins (by His Majesty's order) 260/, which being discounted, 
there remains behind 1,400/. 

James Claeke to Ormond. 

1674 , October 8. Clarendon House. — ^I received a letter from 
Captain Mathew last night, and one to Mr. Nelthorpe to 
advance a thousand pounds towards the discharging the table 



363 

and stables. Mr. Xclthorpe present!}' complied with it, that 
is, to make up what I took up upon his letter of credit at 
Minehead, and to paj^ the annuities and interest money that 
fell due since your Grace's going hence to this day, which are 
all discharged, so there will not be to receive for that purpose 
above 450/. Those that are in the most necessity shall be 
supplied w^ith this, the rest must stay; but I have proposed 
to Captain Mathew for the clearing of the table and stables, 
and for the rest of the debts, which I think may better stay to 
be paid, as your Grace's entertainment and prize wines will 
come in for to do it. 

Mr. Nelthorpe has written a letter to your Grace by one 
of those that intend to set up a manufacture at Clonmel, if 
they can have your Grace's asaistance. He tells me they are 
the best workmen in England, and there will be a stock of 
thirty or forty thousand pounds. They are resolved to go 
through with it. Those undertakers having ships of their 
own, and having ways of vending those serges, they intend to 
make as soon and as fast as they are ready. If it be as he 
tells me, they must upon necessity be an advantage to the whole 
country. They were invited to other parts of the country, but 
he will have it there as he intends, out of respect and the great 
service it will prove to your Grace, but I rather think it is 
the most convenient place in the kingdom. He desired me 
to write to your Grace about it, and that the town being your 
Grace's own there mi{?ht be some great house for a work-house, 
and a place for a fulling mill without much charge. His 
proposals will be very full. He tells me they are now laying 
out 500Z upon tools for their purpose, and then will go several 
good families over. If your Grace will order something to be 
writ to me in answer to this, that I may show it him, I believe 
his furnishing your Grace with money here. He has more 
than an ordinary advantage, but I dare say hjalf the Lords in 
this town have not so much credit with him. He desires 
your Grace will underwrite the bill, as well as Captain Mathew, 
in case of mortality. 

E. Nelthorpe to Ormond. 

1674, October 8. London. — Having always (since I had the 
honour of being acquainted) made it my chief business to 
contrive how T might be most serviceable to your Grace, obliges 
me at this time to make these following proposals. Being 
encouraged by some intelligent clothiers to set up a considerable 
manufactory in Ireland, in which at least twenty thousand 
pounds or a greater sum will be constantly employed for the 
making of the finest serges and cloth, and finding sufficient 
invitation from other great persons in Ireland, I thought it 
my duty first to give your Grace the preference. I humbly 
conceive nothing would more conduce to the advancement of 
rents, and encouragement of tenants, and in process of time 
to the great advantage of trade in general, and an employment 

Wt. 8878 w 



35t 

for a great many idle poor people ; for they must spin most of the 
yarn, and by degrees be taught the whole mystery. So that 
I leave your Grace to judge the great benefit must necessarily 
ensue upon such an undertaking, especially if it may have the 
kind influence of your Grace's assistance, which neither I 
cannot doubt of from one that is so great a patron and lover of 
his country. And that which I humbly beg is that your Grace 
would assign this bearer, Mr. Humphry Hill, such convenient 
work-houses and dwelling-houses in Clonmel as may be most 
proper for carrying on this affair, without paying any rent 
for twenty-one years, save one piece of fine serge yearly as an 
acknowledgment ; I mean for his own house and work-houses. 
And whereas several families will remove out of England, and 
others, proper workmen to carry on this aifair, that such 
convenient dwellings may be assigned them at reasonable 
rents, as thereby they may be encouraged. That your Grace 
would please to vouchsafe letters of recommendation to the 
Chief Magistrates in Clonmel. That Mr. Hill and other 
manufacturers that come out of England with him, may have 
their freedoms and liberties in Clonmel and denizens of the 
place without charge, and have all encouragement. Also that 
there may be such bye laws made as may compel such refractory 
idle, begging, poor people to work, and due punishments 
ordered for neglects and spoiling of work. That the chief 
manufacturers be exempted from all public offices for the term 
of seven years, the better to perfect the manufactory. These 
being the chief things in memory which I have to crave of your 
Grace, and what other things may further be necessary shall 
be intimated ; not questioning but your Grace will favourably 
grant your kind assistance for the promoting of so propitious 
a design, and that Mr. Humphry Hill may at all times have 
your Grace's encouragement and protection, being the chief 
manager, and who will more fully discourse with your Grace, 
concerning this matter. To whom I refer your Grace, and 
humbly take leave. 

John Parky, Bishop of Ossory, to the Mayor of Kilkenny. 

1674, October 13. Kilkenny. — I find his Grace, the Duke of 
Ormond, to be very desirous that the designed ornaments of this 
city (a ring of bells) should be perfected, by whose interposal 
we hope to be furnished with some metal from Callan for the 
present. His Grace hath been also pleased to promise nobly 
an hundred pound toward that service ; and it is now that this 
opportunity may be made use of, or never, to complete that 
design. And that you may understand the charge of the two 
bells already cast, and that neither myself nor the dean and 
chapter have been behindhand to our power towards this work, 
I have here subjoined a brief of accounts, whereby also you 
may have a prospect of the future expenses. Sirs, I do desire 
you to take a speedy course that what is already subscribed in 
the city and county, as also what new subscriptions may be 



355 

had, may by your assistance and favour be procured, and the 
money thereof paid into the treasurer hereof, Mr. William 
Cooke, whom I do hereby appoint to receive the same. I must 
deaire also that the companies may be called together, that 
they may bring in what was promised and designed from them, 
and if all of them be pleased to act herein, I doubt not by 
God's blessing, but that against Christmas next all may be 
finished. Thus desiring the effectual promoting hereof (which 
may prove a standing ornament for ever), I am, etc. 

Postscript : — ^The charge of the two bells already cast : — 

Disbursed by Mr. Cooke in several materials 023 : 17 : 06 

Disbursed more for blocked tin, iron works, 

metal, etc 038 : 14 : 10 

For casting and other expenses to the bell- 
founders ... 037 : 18 : 06 



Total... 098 : 10 : 10 

Towards the payment whereof received these sums : — 

From the Roman Catholics, by Mr. Eafter, 

your s[ervant], besides 5/ expended for 

bricks, etc 005 : 00 : 00 

From Mr. Cooke and Mr. Blott, by city and 

county subscriptions 017 : 17 : 00 

Paid by the Bishop and Dean and Chapter . . . 075 : 13 : 10 
Besides 201 weight in metal, worth 4Z 13^. 4d. 

per cent., which comes to 93/ 13s. id, 

sterling, which was procured and dis- 
charged by the Bishop , Dean , and Chapter 
The charge of the four bells to be cast : — 
For 20/ weight of metal, besides what can be 

had from Callan, Gowran, etc., will come 

v^^ ••• ••• ••• ••• ••• 

For blocked tin 

For ironwork, timber, and the frame... 
For casting the four bells 



093 : 


13 : 


04 


012 : 


00 : 


00 


070 : 


00 : 


00 


050 : 


00 : 


00 


225 : 


03 : 


04 



E. Nelthorpb to Capt. Geo. Mathbw. 

1674, November 3. London. — I had the honour of yours 
delivered me by Mr. Clarke, desiring me to furnish him with. 
1,000J more, which accordingly I did, and took his bill, not 
doubting of its acceptance. 

I have also to acknowledge my obligations for your continual 
care in a punctual discharge of my several bills, formerly drawn 
upon you (which, besides all others, is a sufficient encourage- 
ment to continue in the service of so great and good a patron 
as his Grace) ; and to demonstrate my entire affection to the 
family, T have ordered the setting up a manufactory in the 



356 

midst of his Grace's concerns. The chief manager, being a 
modest person, and it may be not conversant with Dukes, will 
stand in need of your introduction and assistance. I hope all 
the encouragement you can shew to him in this* great affair 
will be as well a benefit to his Grace as also a particular 
favour to me. 

Countess of Burlington to 'Duchess op Ormond. 

1674, November 16. London. — Having now presented my 
Lord Duke with my Lord AthoFs desires in short (approved 
on here by his Lady's two sisters), I presume further to add 
the enclosed copy of his letter to me, which gives us this 
authority, and expresses his great sense of both your favours 
to him, and his own sincerity in this matter, which I hope 
will now speedily come to a fair end by his Grace's means m 
getting my Lord Derby's hand to such an instrument as may 
confirm that agreement, which when obtained, those entrusted 
by my Lord Duke here, will receive from my Lord Athol such 
security as shall be reasonably here demanded, and that the 
money itself will be the best security, is the opinion. of better 
judgments than mine, the growing interest whereof being paid 
my Lord Athol in the meantime, unless disputed by my Lord 
Derby's heir, if he should die ere he comes at age. I do the 
rather enlarge this, lest at this distance mistakes might arise 
which cannot readily be rectified, and the speedy despatch 
herein, I find would much heighten the obligation with his 
Lordship and his friends. I would gladly now divert your 
Grace with such news as falls within my sphere (not pretending 
to state matters) , but here is at present only some late marriages 
which holds up discourse, as that of my Lord Buckhurst with 
my Lady Falmouth in summer, but not owned till my Lord 
Middlesex had breathed out his last, by which the former has 
all his estate, though not without suit threatened by my Lady 
Dorset, his mother. My Lord Pembroke's address to my 
La. Mar. Kerwell, though declared against (both to His Majesty 
and her sister) by his mother, is so far advanced as the marriage 
is only suspended till his cure perfected. In the meantime, 
he has presented his mistress a diamond ring of 900/ price. My 
Lord Roscommon's marriage to the Duchess's maid of honour, 
["Isabella] Boynton, was at six at night, in Sir Allen Apsley's 
chamber, by the Bishop of , from whence immediately, 

in the dark, they went to Dick Talbot's at Twittnam ; returned 
here Saturday night and Sunday morning. He attended the 
Duke into Sussex, where they hunt some few days, and when 
this hurry is over they may, I suppose with leisure, consider 
where the portion may be raised, which is expected only from 
the King's and Duke's county. My Lady Eliz. Howard of 
Arundel is likewise married to one, Captain McDonnell, who 
was formerly under my Lord Roscommon in his French 
expedition ; all which shews though matrimony be generally 
slighted, others take it up, whether with or without considera- 
tion as time shall try. That I may not longer trespass upon 



35? 

your Ladyship, which T hear is very pleasingly taken up with 
additional buildings and alterations, I shall conclude this with 
the presentment of my Lord's very humble service to your 
Grace and my own. 

Duchess of Ormond to Dr. Hall. 

1674, December 3. Kilkenny. — Having employed the 
Steward, Baxter, to Dublin about some affairs of my Lord's, 
and remembering the kind offer my Lord of Strafford made by 
you about three months since of presenting my Lord with 
such of the marble door cases and chimney pieces in the ruinous 
house near the Xaas,* as we should have occasion for, I have 
ordered him to wait on you, and to desire you to return my 
Lord's and my most humble service to my Lord and Lady 
Strafford for their civility to us in their generous present. 
The bearer carries with him the dimensions of such stone as 
we have present use of, which' if the marble there suits and 
can be conveniently spared without prejudice to my Lord of 
Strafford, I desire you will order it to be delivered to him, or 
whom he shall under his hand appoint to receive it, which will 
be owned as a great obligation from uiy Jjord of Strafford and 
his Lady upon my Lord and myself. 

Edw\\rd Nelthorpe to Capt. Geo. Mathew. 

1674, December 22. London. — I perceive by Mr. Hill the 
daily trouble he gives you in an affair of my concern, for which 
I must give you my kind acknowledgment. But I understand 
Mr. Hill cannot conveniently settle himself w ithout the liberty 
of his Grace's fort and your favourable assistance therein, 
so that I earnestly make it my request that (as you have hitherto 
been kind to him) you would increase your favours, which are 
all as fresh obligations to myself, and shall not be unrequited. 
I have wrote his Grace that he would please let me all the 
conveniences of the fort by lease, also the little house and 
what other land Mr. Hill shall desire, and the price you shall 
refer to his Grace; and I know your assistance herein will 
make all things easy. 

I am strongly invited to settle with my servant in other 
parts, where I have great offers of all conveniences gratis, but 
1 use not this as any argument to impose on his Grace. For 
so long as I can be kindly used by you , I shall never think of 
embracing never so advantageous offers from any others. I 
must be at great charge to settle this affair, therefore once 
more I must entreat your kind assistance. 

Edward Kelthorpe to Ormond. 

1674, December 22. London. — I took the boldness in my last 
to trouble your Grace with a few^ lines of my acknowledgments 
for your Grace's favours to Mr. Hill, and to beg your Grace's 

*Thc mansion begun by Strafford at Sigginstown near Naa**, but left 
unfinished at hi» death, and never completed by hin heii"s. 



{JS8 

further favour in some timber to assist in building d, mill, 
and other necessaries. I also hinted to your Grace of some 
other manufacturers designing for Ireland, which I should 
endeavour to direct to your Grace's province, that their industry 
might redound to your Grace's advantage; and whilst I am 
thus endeavouring my utmost to promote your Grace's interest, 
I find by Mr. Hill's letters that he labours under some 
difficulties. At Clonmel he tells me he cannot find any place 
so convenient as your Grace's fort, which is walled in with the 
little house and other conveniences therein, for which your 
Graces receives but lOZ per annum, with the addition of ten 
acres of land. I do assure your Grace, I am by the last post 
extremely solicited to send my sei^vants and manufacturers to 
join with others lately set up within three miles of Dublin, 
as also to begin a manufactory at Carlow, where I could have 
very fair and large conveniences gratis, but I have hitherto 
refused all offers of this kind. • However, I would not anyways 
be burthensome to your Grace, and therefore shall freely refer 
it to your Grace, and give you what your Grace pleases for the 
fort, with as much other land as Mr. Hill shall desire to it. 
And I humbly request your Grace would make me a lease 
thereof, for as long a time as your Grace usually lets leases 
to any other, for its probable I may improve it by erecting 
some buildings. And I fear Mr. Hill will not find his con- 
veniences to carry on the manufactory in Clonmel w-ithout 
your Grace's favourable concession to this small request, and 
I am certain your Grace will not deny so reasonable a favour, 
wherein your Grace's advantage is equally aimed at. It's 
true I must send over many families, and lay out several 
thousands of pounds for the settlement and carrying on of this 
affair, which creates a more than ordinary importunity for your 
Grace's assistance. 

Abstract of Eevenue from Wool. 

An abstract of what monies has been received by the 
respective Chief Governors of this kingdom upon the account 
of w^ool duties, since His Majesty's happy restoration. 

£ s. d. 
I© the Lords Justices Government, from the 

beginning of January, 1660, until the 

latter end of July, 1662, the sum of ... 2530 : 00 : 00 
In his Grace the Lord Duke of Ormond's 

Government, from the 6th of August, 

1662, until the death of Sir George Carr, 

February 13th, 1662, the sum of 1206 : 08 : 00 

From the death of the said Sir George Carr, 

February 13th, 1662, until the coming 

over of Mr. Page, April 13th, 1663 ... 0298 : 17 : 00 
From the said 13th of Appil, 1663, to the 14th 

of April, 1664, in Mr. Page's time, the 

sum of ' 2512 : 01 : 08 



359 

£ s. cl. 
From the 14th of April, 1664, to the 16th of 

April, 1665, the sum of 3251 : 15 : 01 

From the 15th of April, 1665, to the 16th of 

April, 1666, the smu of 2174 : 16 : 10 

From the 15th of April, 1666, to the 16th of 

April, 1667, the sum of 2136 : 08 : 08 

From the 15th of April, 1667, to the 16th of 

April, 1668, the sum of 2266 : 11 : 05 

From the 15th of April, 1668, to the 28th of 

April, 1669, the sum of ... 3046 : 10 : 05 

During his Excellency, the Earl of Ossory's 

Government as Lord Lieutenant, from 

the 28th of April, 1669, until the 15th of 

September, 1669, the sum of 1493 : 07 : 11 

During the short government of the Lord 

Koberts, I can say nothing of it ... 
In the Lord Berkeley's Government, my son 

was employed imder Mr. Peter Bingham , 

and there was received for wool duties, 

from the 28th of April, 1670, to the 28th 

of April, 1671, the sum of 4548 : 08 ; 00 

From the 28th of April, 1671, to the 28th of 

April, 1672, the sum of 5557 : 05 : 00 

From the 28th of April, 1672, to the 5th of 

August, 1672, the sum of 0706 : 08 : 06 

In the Earl of Essex, his Government, from 

the 5th of August, 1672, to the last day of 

July, 1673, the sum of 4419 : 06 : 09 

From the last of July, 1673, to the last of July, 

1674, the sum of 6221 : 05 : 01 

From the last of July, 1674, to the last of 

January, 1674, the sum of 2193 : 04 : 02 

James Margetson, Archbishop of Armagh, to Ormond. 

1674, February 1. Dublin. — It is proper for me, though I 
suppose some others will acquaint your Grace with the sudden 
death of Dr. Seele, Provost of the College, by the statutes 
whereof the fellows are to signify the same to your Grace as 
their Chancellor, and your Grace to the King, who will be 
pleased, I hope, to prefer the person you shall think fit to 
recommend, and I am sure your Grace will name a man every 
way qualified for a place of so great concern to this church 
and kingdom, as I heard you prevented one who in all 
probability w^ould have been contrary. I foresee that a man 
of eminent parts will hardly be persuaded to come out of 
England to undertake the care and charge of this place, unless 
he may be assured of some other considerable preferment^ 
which is in my Lord Lieutenant's power to bestow, and give 
me leave to assure your Grace that we have no man so fit 
for that place as Dr. Michael Ward, in respect of his prudence, 



360 

piety and leariuug, and my Lord Lieutenant is of my opinion. 
1 could wish he had more years, yet his good esteem in the 
college, and great prudence, will gain him authority, and if 
your Grace be pleased to recommend him to be Provost, it 
will be acceptable to the college, and advantageous to the whole 
church, which I humbly leave to your Grace's great wisdom. 
God Almighty bless your Grace with all blessings temporal 
and eternal. 

Ormoxd to Earl of Clarendon. 

liui [-5] , February -27. Kilkenny. — If I should upon every 
occasion that is offered renew and repeat the honour and 
friendship I had for my Loi'd your father, and the service I 
am prepared to do your Lordship and your family when I can, 
1 should but grow troublesome, and perhaps with reason be 
suspected of greater ostentation than real friendship ; it is 
enough that your Lordship knows me, and may remember me 
in several capacities and conditions of fortune. I cannot for 
all I have heard and seen but continue in some doubt that 
the rarlianient will not sit at the prefixt day, and yet I am 
preparing for my transportation as if I were certain it would, 
only 1 dare not attempt the removing of my family upon 
the uncertainty of its meeting, and the greater uncertainty 
of the time it will sit; my purpose being, if it should 
sit but a little while, to come over again and fetch my 
wife towards the latter end of summer, till when she will have 
our domestic affairs to employ herself in; in the meantime, 
my lodgings at Whitehall will serve me very commodiously, 
reserving the favour and accommodation your Lordship offers 
me to our discourse together. ]\Iy Lord, your father's desire 
concerning his chaplain, Mr. Levett, would have been readily 
obeyed if the circumstances of time had been less powerful. 
T am sorry his last commands were of no greater importance 
and difficulty, but I hope he supposed himself securer of them, 
and your Lordship may yourself, of my being. 

Ormond to Sir William Temple. 

1674 [-5], February 27. Kilkenny. — Ever since 1 received 
yours of the 5th inst. that style, which was on the 10th 
according to ours, I have been in expectation of some more 
certainty than appeared to me of the sitting or further 
proroguing of the Parliament, not being able at this distance 
to comprehend the necessity or (without that) the conveniency 
of calling them together ; those popular things which have 
been done at Court-, and are held for undoubted arguments 
that it will sit, do not seem to me to be so, since if it be foreseen 
that it wiU be fit they should meet in October, the punctual 
pursuance in the meantime of the things begun may be useful 
towards persuading the world we are in earnest, and as their 
faith is disposed that time and diligence are but little enough. 
If we are prepared a shorter way to satisfy the people that all 



361 

their fears are groundless, I confess the sooner that is done 
the better. But I am beside my purpose slipt into these 
reflections. My intention only was to let your Excellency know 
that if the Parliament sits in April, about that time your 
commands are like to find me at Court ; but if it should be 
prorogued to winter, I shall desire to bring the year round 
here, and ask leave to be absent till towards the latter end 
of summer, unless the increase of vapours from the spleen, 
which have much troubled me all this w^inter, shall require 
my drinking of the Bath waters ; the most proper remedy 
against them, as physicians tell me. You are like in Holland 
to know, at least as soon as we here, what shall become of 
the Parliament, and consequently what cour e will be steered 
by your Excellency's, etc. 

Okmond to SiE Egbert Southwell. 

1674 [-5] , March 3. Kilkenny. — Though I am not absolutely 
free from suspecting there may be a possibility that the 
Parliament will not meet this next April, yet I prepare as if 
I were very certain it would. The means of getting over with 
some decency, and as much security as the adventure will bear, 
I am not yet assured of. If I knew I could have none from 
thence, I might perhaps fit myself from Dublin ; but I am 
unwiHing that two vessels should attend when one is sufficient. 
I am told Mr. Nelthorpe himself is expected here to visit the 
beginnings of his designed manufacture. I think he does 
wisely, for the representations of his agents are not always 
safely relied upon. However, I send you herewith the substance 
of what was desired by way of encouragement, and what 1 have 
done beyond what w^as desired, that you may judge of the 
difference, and if yet more shall be reasonably proposed, I shall 
not be found backward. By the copies of two letters from the 
agent to his principal, my conjecture of his undervaluing of what 
1 had done for them appears well grounded, and by his saying 
that in four days he could not get to speak with me, I guess he 
does not over strictly tie himself to truth ; for I dare confidently 
affirm that no man ever stayed so long for an audience from 
me, that had a mind to speak with me and came to desire it, 
if I were then in health and in my wits, and I thank God I 
never was so long mad or drunk. My Lord of Meath is 
preparing to pass over with his articles; and being, as he 
certainly is, made a tool of (such as my friend Hudibras says 
Iv naves make use of), I do not doubt but he is well instructed ; 
but to what points of accusation I know not, only I must 
suppose the heads must principally be the mismanagement of 
the public treasure and prodigious acquisitions ; but invention 
being unlimited, it will be in vain to prognosticate. 

Eabl of Donegall to Sir W. Flo wee. 

1674 [-5] , March 3. Belfast. — T am much obliged to you for 
vour affectionate letter of the 29tli of the last month, and am 
heartily glad to learn by yours of the welfare of my Lord Duke 



•2 

• 

and Duchess, and that I have the honour to live still in their 
memory. I assure you there is not a family in the three 
kingdoms that myself and wife have a greater esteem for, which 
we have been ready upon all occasions to express, particularly 
to my Lord John, who I am sure must do us justice that 
he was treated here with all the freedom and kindness 
imaginable. You are a person that I have that confidence, 
and therefore may use the more freedom with ; you are pleased 
to intimate the passionate love my Lord John hath for my 
daughter, which was not thought .so real w'hilst he was here, and 
we rather believed his address was out of a dutiful compliance 
to his noble parents than any real affection he had to her 
person. Something of this has been heard formerly to drop 
from himself. I am sure you are not a stranger to the discourse 
of people as to his many misses, and yet could I be assured 
he was wholly reclaimed from that course, which is now grown 
almost epidemical, and that he could heartily love my child, 
I shall not be against suitable proposals. I intend to make 
her a considerable fortune and shall expect an answerable 
settlement for her; but I perceive by yours that his Grace 
intends speedily for England, and so doth my wife, and it is 
impossible before his going to consider of such proposals as 
shall be made, and therefore think it will be more convenient 
to defer it till he return, w^hich I hope may not be long; in 
the meantime assure those noble persons there are none in 
this w^orld have a greater honour for them nor desire to be 
nearer allied to them, were all other circumstances concurring. 
She is our all , and therefore I am sure you will think us obliged 
to look chiefly after her comfortable settlement. Thus you 
see I have taken the freedom to discourse my thoughts to you , 
assuring myself of your prudence and affection in this concern. 

Oemond to Sir William Temple. 

1674, March 3. Kilkenny. — Since mine of the 27th of the 
last (as I take it) , I received yours of the 16th , though I knew 
that what your Excellency mentions was in the errand of those 
two Lords ; yet I must confess that with the vulgar I did think 
there might be more, the rather that such persons sent in 
such a season cannot move without giving matter of conjecture, 
if not of jealousy, when there is so numerous a confederacy to 
ref