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B 3 5T3 DOS 



New York State Education Department 

New York State Library 




Richard E. Day M.A. Lit.D. 


Preface 5 

Calendar 9 

Index 541 






Regents of the University 
With years when terms expire 

1913 WHITELAW REID M.A. LL.D. D.C.L. Chancellor New York 

1917 ST CLAIR MCKELWAY M.A. LL.D. Vice Chancellor Brooklyn 

1919 DANIEL BEACH Ph.D. LL.D. Watkins 

1914 PLINYT. SEXTON LL.B. LL.D. - - Palmyra 
1912 T. GUILFORD SMITH M.A. C.E. LL.D. - - - Buffalo 

1918 WILLIAM NOTTINGHAM M.A. Ph.D. LL.D. - - Syracuse 

1910 CHARLES A. GARDINER Ph.D. L.H.D. LL.D. D.C.L. New York 

1915 ALBERT VANDER VEER M.D. M.A. Ph.D. LL.D. Albany 


1920 EUGENE A. PHILBIN LL.B. LL.D. New York 

1916 LUCIAN L. SHEDDEN LL.B. LL.D. Plattsburg 

1921 FRANCIS M. CARPENTER Mount Kisco 

Commissioner of Education 


Assistant Commissioners 

AUGUSTUS S. DOWNING M.A. Pd.D. LL.D. First Assistant 
FRANK ROLLINS B.A. Ph.D. Second Assistant 
THOMAS E. FINEGAN M.A. Third Assistant 

Director of State Library 


Director of Science and State Museum 


Chiefs of Divisions 

Administration, HARLAN H. HORNER B.A. 

Attendance, JAMES D. SULLIVAN 

Educational Extension, WILLIAM R. EASTMAN M.A. M.L.S. 

Examinations, CHARLES F. WHEELOCK B.S. LL.D. 

Inspections, FRANK H. WOOD M.A. 


School Libraries, CHARLES E. FITCH L.H.D. 

Statistics, HIRAM C. CASE 

Trades Schools, ARTHUR D. DEAN B.S. 

Visual Instruction, DELANCEY M. ELLIS 

State Library, Albany, N. Y., February 14, 1907 

Hon. A. S. Draper 

Commissioner of Education 

DEAR SIR : I have the honor to transmit herewith and recommend 
for publication a Calendar of the Sir William Johnson Manuscripts 
in the New York State Library. This calendar was compiled by 
Dr Richard E. Day under the supervision of Mr A. J. F. van Laer, 
Archivist of the State Library. The work was begun while Dr Day 
was in the employ of the University of the State of New York and 
was continued after his transfer to the office of the State Historian 
with the consent and by the courtesy of the State Historian, Mr 
Hugh Hastings. 

Sir William Johnson played such an important part in the colonial 
history of New York, and these manuscripts throw such a flood of 
light upon the period, that historical students have a right to expect 
the State Library to make its treasures readily available. 

Very respectfully 



State of New York 
Education Department 

Approved for publication this iqth day of February 1907 

Commissioner of Education 

New York State Education Department 

New York State Library 




Richard E. Day M.A. Lit.D. 


The documents described in this calendar are preserved in 26 
large volumes in the State Library and number about 6550. With 
the exception of those contained in the last volume nearly all were 
public and private papers in the possession of Sir William Johnson 
at the time of his death in 1774. Some were in the care of Guy 
Johnson when he was superintendent of Indian affairs, and of 
Daniel Claus, deputy agent, and were carried to Canada and Eng 
land. But a large number of papers were confiscated with other 
property belonging to the Johnson estate at the time of the Revolu 
tion and were put up at auction at Fort Hunter, where they were 
bought by John Tayler, who was an energetic actor in that struggle 
and subsequently occupied many public stations. Passing by inheri 
tance to his grandson, General John Tayler Cooper, they were given 
to the State by that gentleman in 1850 and the next year arranged 
and bound under the supervision of Dr E. B. O'Callaghan as vol 
umes i to 22 inclusive. In arranging the papers, "Dr O'Callaghan in 
corporated with them part of another collection of Johnson manu 
scripts which had been deposited in seven bundles in the office of the 
Secretary of State in iSoi 1 and which were printed in the Docu 
mentary History of the State of New York, 2: 543-1007; quarto 
edition, 2: 315-583 ; of the papers there printed, 128 are now in vol- 

'Doc. Hist. N. Y. 2:1008; Q, 2:584. 


times 1-22 of the Johnson Manuscripts, 56 are in the series of New 
York Colonial Manuscripts and 1 1 appear in both collections. 

The manuscripts contained in the three volumes that follow were 
owned by the elder William L. Stone, and some years after his death 
were sold to the State. William L. Stone, the younger, who com 
pleted the Life of Sir William Johnson begun by his father, men 
tions in these words in the preface to that work, the origin of the 
Stone collection: ''After years of search, my father procured from 
the Johnson family in England and from various other sources, a 
large portion of Sir William's manuscripts." 

The papers in volumes 23, 24 and 25 cover nearly the same period 
as those in the 22 volumes preceding and constitute a parallel col 
lection. In the calendar the entries for the several collections are 
combined chronologically. 

Volume 26 is made up chiefly of documents relating to the dis 
bursements of the Indian department under Sir William and in the 
period of Guy Johnson's superintendency. Many are warrants with 
the annexed accounts which had been sent to the commander in chief 
at New York. They of course have no part in the history of the 
companion records. In addition to these transcripts of official acts, 
the contents of volume 26 embrace a few papers associated directly 
with the war for independence, particularly with events in Tryon 
county. The manuscripts in this volume were obtained by Henry 
Stevens at a sale of public record papers in London, and were pur 
chased in 1866 by the State Library. 

The State Library possesses an office calendar of the 26 volumes, 
which was prepared in 1866. Mr D. J. Pratt, Assistant Secretary 
of the Regents, performed the labor on the first n volumes, while 
the remaining work was done by Dr H. A. Homes, librarian of the 
General Library. 

Certain papers which belonged to Sir William Johnson had a his 
tory less happy than that of the manuscripts which compose the bulk 
of the present collection. In a statement presented in behalf of Sir 
John Johnson at the English Court of Exchequer in 1788, it was 
declared that many of the accounts and vouchers of Sir William John 
son, covering public transactions, were buried by Sir John at the 
time of his flight from New York in 1776, and, when they were 
recovered a few years later by a detachment of soldiers sent from 
Canada to Johnson Hall, the documents had been ruined by the 
dampness of the earth. 


Several rules have controlled arrangement and expression in the 
construction of this calendar. 

Letters written between January i and March 25 before the estab 
lishment of the reformed chronology in England and her possessions 
in 1752, have a compound year date to denote both styles of dating 
or they are dated according to old style. All of these have been 
entered as regards the year in accordance with new style. 

With the exception of a few that are very well known and occur 
in many different forms, proper names, including Indian names, 
are spelled as in the documents. Titles before names are abbrevi 
ated in most cases. 

In entries representing letters, orders etc. addressed to Johnson, 
his name is omitted after the writer's name. When the name of 
the person addressed is wanting but can be inferred, it is supplied in 

W'hen the name of the writer does not appear in the manuscript 
but is ascertainable, it is inclosed in brackets. 

When the writer or the person addressed is the same as in the 
paper entered just before, the word same is substituted for the name. 
If, however, the name is wanting but can be inferred, it is inserted 
in brackets. 

In the case of papers which are printed in Documents relative to 
the Colonial History of the State of New York or in Documentary 
History of the State of Neiv York, or duplicates of which occur 
in the library collection known as New York Colonial Manuscripts, 
cross references denoting the place are inserted. 

The aim has been to exhibit the contents of each document suc 
cinctly, but to disregard nothing, allowing those who may consult 
the calendar to judge the value or interest of many particulars 

The documents represented in this calendar cast a vivid light on 
military and political events and situations during a considerable 
period of the i8th century, while they reveal the attitude of colony 
and crown toward the Indian problem of that day and present a 
picture of the transactions in land which engaged the keenest in 
terest of English colonists. At the same time these letters, official 
and military reports and records of public proceedings are invaluable 
memorials of a strong and genial personality, around which ro 
mantic interest continues to gather with the movement of years. 


The preparation of the calendar was begun, under the direction 
of Mr Arnold J. F. van Laer, State Archivist, when its author was 
employed in the University of the State of New York; and, by the 
courtesy of Mr Hugh Hastings, State Historian, to whose depart 
ment he was transferred two years ago, the work has been carried 
on to completion. 

October 29, 1906 


Oct. 26 


Feb. 6 


Mar. 3 

May 10 


May 10 

John Riley, letter accompanying present of four salmon. 23:1 

Edward Clarke to Capt. Butler, at Fort Hunter, about 

Dr Dishington and Miss Dick. 
Same to same, about enlistments. 


Apr. ii 

Feb. 25 

May 28 
Port Royal, 

June 5 

Sept. 7 



June 4 



May 19 

July 22 

Aug. I 


Apr. 21 
New York 

May 29 

Receipt from Eias Carlock for 155. 

Philip Livingston about purchase of wheat; thinks price, 
33, 3d, will not be maintained. 

Lieut. Michael Tyrrell, Johnson's cousin, sending an ac 
count of the campaign at Cartagena and of Capt. War 
ren's successes on the water. [Much faded] 

Bryan Flood to Patrick Flood, of family matters. 

Record of conference between Esopus Indians and justices 
of peace: friendly assurances and presents exchanged. 
Col. Gilbert Livingston clerk. 

William Corry, asking a private meeting or arbitration 
by Peter Warren, to settle a difficulty, in preference to 
sacrificing friendship by invoking the law. 

Hyde Clarke, discussing matters of deal. 


Same to James Stevenson, Albany, concerning Capt. 
Butler's drawing pay. 3 

[William Johnson] to his uncle [Capt. Peter Warren], 
justifying land purchase by mention of fertility and 
water power ; describing goods sent, and goods desired, 
trading facilities at Oquago, character of Mr Barclays 
petition, and the rage for land buying; and begging 
that he may be favored with a visit. 





Hyde Clarke about promised " cutlash." [Not dated] 
Summons issued by J. De Peyster and Philip Livingston 
Junr. to answer for selling rum to the French and 
Indians contrary to law. 1 15 

Bond and judgment from George Swan. 6 

S. Warren, aunt of Johnson, letter of condolence on the 

death of his mother January 26. II 

Wm. Johnson to E. Collins relative to a writ of certiorari. na 



Sept. 1 6 



Jan. 15 
New York 




Mar. 15 

Apr. 6 



[May 26] 


June 7 
New York 




Thomas Butler to [Wm. Johnson], mentioning false 
alarm of attack by the French, and asking for a boat 
load of goods. 23:8 

Same, concerning supplies. I :i2 

Edward Holland about goods purchased for Johnson, 
newspaper (New York Evening Post) forwarded, price 
of wheat (35, id to 35, 3d a bushel), captures of French 
and Spanish vessels by Captains Warren and Frank- 
land, and hurricane at Jamaica. 

Edward Collins about proceedings against counselor 
Curry [William Corry?]. 

Capt. John Rutherford to Capt. Butler, at Oswego, call 
ing for an account of arms, stores etc. 

Edward Collins on payment of costs, a suit in prospect 

and a letter from Currey. 
J. Holland, announcing death of Emperor [Charles 7], 

movements of Capt. Warren and Capt. Rutherford, 

Capt. Butler's commission and Johnson's commission as 

justice of peace. 
Capt. John Rutherford to Capt. Butler, as to supplies for 

[Oswego] garrison; frugality of the Assembly, Butler's 

commissions of peace and commissary, expedition 

against Cape Breton. 
Same to same, concerning men to be sent to Albany. 

Ed. Collins to William Johnson, asking a letter to Harme 
Grote, Cornelis Grote and Johs. Veeder in the interest 
of Arent Bratt's election. 

Peter Van Alen and Robert Sanders on price of grain ; 
also giving news from Cape Breton. 

Edward Holland, acknowledging receipt of peltry, giving 
directions for shipping flour, asking discretion in mar 
keting the same, and reporting good news from Cape 

Capt. John Rutherford to Lieut. Walter Butler, Oswego, 
concerning Indian affairs, supplies, Cape Breton, etc. 

S. Ferrall, complaining of inability to find employment, 
and asking advice about a journey to supposed rich 
relations at Monseratt. 

Robert Sanders, regrets at his absence from home on 
occasion of visit; news of French and Spanish declara 
tions of war against the Dutch; statement of prices of 
wheat in Curasao and Jamaica; and expression of 
willingness to lend money to Johnson. 















June 25 Edward Holland on shipments, and political incident that 
New York demands a scrutiny. 1 122 

Same, informing of shipment of flour to Curasao, sale 
[New York] o f deerskins and price of wheat. 21 

Aug. 15 John De Peyster, asking letters of commendation and 

credit for his son in law, Volckert Douw. 23 

Sept. 5 John Catherwood to [Wm. Johnson?], inquiring as to 
New York character of Jane Watson, servant, and estimating 

Commodore [Warren's] share of prize money. 23:14 

Oct. 24 William Johnson to Col. Roberts, on preparations for 
sending out Indian parties, and need of soldiers to 
strengthen the frontier. 15 

Nov. 5 Warren Johnson, brother of William, communicating 
Portsmouth f ac t that he is to sail on man-of-war Kinsale, escort 
ing a fleet of transports to Cape Breton ; and begging 
for letters to their father. 16 

26 James Willson, entreating Johnson to exchange his home 
Albany f or a sa f e r one with him, the French having threatened 

his capture or destruction. 17 

28 Robert Sanders, relating a night descent of 400 French- 
Albany men anc j 220 savages on Saratoga, and killing or cap 
turing of 100 persons ; also mentioning prices of goods, 
and consternation in Albany. 18 

Feb. 25 John Lynd on private affairs. I :i'4 


28 Louis Schroedel, sending medicine and prescription. [In 

Albany German, year doubtful] 27 

Mar. 6 George Swan, asking for instructions, also supplies, and 

Oswego sketching the condition of trade. 23:9 

22 Price current of goods usually imported from America 

London an d from Albany. 19 

Apr. 14 William Johnson to Capt. John Catherwood, acknowledg- 

Albany j n g receipt of notice of his selection by Assembly, on 

Governor's recommendation, to supply Oswego garrison. 20 

May 6 John B. Van Eps, concerning goods. 1 125 

6 John Fairly, concerning goods. 25a 


16 Anthony Duane about merchandise. 27a 

New York 

June 12 Capt. John Rutherford to [William Johnson?], sending 
Albany letters, and communicating information of expedition 

up the St Lawrence and other movements of troops. 23:21 
July 7 Warren Johnson to [Wm. Johnson], announcing that he 
Boston j s raising a company of Irishmen for the Canadian ex 

pedition, expressing fears for William's safety, and 
conveying to his use, by direction of [Peter] Warren, 
four four-pounders^ at Warren's farm in New York. 22 




July 7 





Aug. II 




Sept. I 




Oct. 3 

Dec. 10 
New York 

Richard Shuckburgh, telling of defeat of the Pretender 
by the Duke of Cumberland, killing of a Cagnawaga, 
and reported arrival of Admiral Warren at Boston. 23:23 

Gov. George Clinton on Indian affairs. 1 :28 

Richard Shuckburgh, telling that an officer and 25 men 
are to be sent from Schohary to protect Johnson and 
adjacent settlements; mentioning alarm in Albany, and 
expected arrival of Gen. Gooch. 23:24 

Gov. George Clinton to Maj. Glen, directing that two 
Cagnawages, suspected to be spies, be persuaded or 
compelled to visit him (the Governor), and that this 
policy be adopted with Indians from Canada, and giving 
general details of forces available for defense of 
Albany and the Mohawks. 25 

James Willson, mentioning Boston's fear of smallpox, 
safe arrival of Antelope, with Johnson's goods, praising 
Capt. Warren Johnson, and suggesting a small shipment 
of flour and butter. 26 

Warren Johnson, mentioning his success in recruiting, 
achievement of Cousin Terrell [Tyrrell?], and poor 
prospect of early expedition to Canada. 27 

Gov. George Clinton, authorizing issue of supplies to 

Indian war parties. 1 :29 

Same, instructions to William Johnson as colonel of 

forces raised among the Six Nations. 30 

Warren Johnson to [Col. Johnson] mentioning appoint 
ment of James Rogers as sergeant in his company, 
asking for 10 or 12 able-bodied men ; offering congratu 
lations on influence with Six Nations, and reporting 
that 3000 Frenchmen had landed at Annapolis Royal. 23 :28 

Gov. George Clinton, discussing attitude of Six Nations, 
relating conference with Oquago Indians, and mention 
ing arrival of troops ("above two thousand") from 
Philadelphia, the Jerseys and New York, orders to Col. 
Schuyler for relief of Oswego, and the dispatching of 
a party of Indians and whites against the enemy. 29 

John H. Lydius to [William Johnson] reporting French 
and Indian successes and siege of Annapolis, and giv 
ing account of sales of skins. 30 

Warren Johnson, intelligence of Vice Admiral Lestock's 
sailing for Louisbourg and supposed reduction of An 
napolis Royal; and request for news of friends in 
Ireland. 31 

Gov. George Clinton, asking Col. Johnson to buy him a 
pair of black stallions, suggesting endeavors to hold the 
Indians up to the work of scouting, and mentioning 
that he has recommended Johnson to royal favor. 32 


Dec. 22 

New York 


Jan. 28 
New York 

Mar. 6 




New York 

Apr. 21 

Warren Johnson, announcing arrival and purpose to visit 

William's home. 23:33 

John Gather wood about voyage etc. 1:31 

Albert Van Slyck's account of "goods disbursed" at 
Oswego and elsewhere in enlisting Indians against the 

French. 26 

Arent Stevens, concerning lost rum kegs, etc. 9 

Thomas Butler, at Mr Foaling's, about cattle etc. 13 

Same, on a trivial business matter. 14 

Warren Johnson, announcing arrival in New York, in 
tention to visit Philadelphia and expectation of going 
to Louisbourg. 23:34 

On the forwardness of the colonial troops and Six Nations 
to engage in reduction of Crown Point. [Date uncer 
tain] i :ii7a 

John Lindesay, about deserters, news etc. 33 

Receipt for work done by Pieter Cornu and Asuwerus 
Marselis; amount 23, 2s, ii^d. 56 

Mary Riordon, petitioning for assistance. 34 

Gov. Clinton to [Col. Johnson], commending employ 
ment of Indians, suggesting that they be sent to Sara 
toga for scouting, arguing that persons who buy their 
arms or clothing may be punished, ordering the capture 
of Jancour [Joncaire], and considering condition of 
troops. 23 :8o 

Same to [Col. Johnson], giving further advice for scout 
ing service. 81 

Col. Johnson to Gov. George Clinton, representing the 
inclination of the Indian allies to go on the warpath 
rather than scout, reporting activity in sending out 
scalping parties, but bewailing want of blankets, paint, 
guns etc., and declaring readiness to assist in relief of 
Oswego when lake opens. 35 

Col. Johnson to Col. Jn. Stoddard, mentioning Massachu 
setts bounty for killing or capturing enemies, and com 
mending other uses for Indian funds. 36 

Gov. George Clinton, explaining difficulty of obtaining 
arms and goods for Indian service, expressing doubt as 
to permitting Lydius to divert the Mohawk strength to 
New England, and mentioning his advice to Assembly 
to build two forts at Carrying Place. 37 

John H. Lydius, concerning business matters. 1 :35 



Apr. 25 Gov. George Clinton, inclosing paragraph of message to 
New York Assembly on endeavors of some people in Albany to 
maintain neutrality toward the French and persuade the 
Indians to the same purpose; also calling for informa 
tion touching the alleged scheme. 
May 12 John Johnson on private affairs. 

2'4 J. Roberts, commenting on behavior of companies whose 
Schaneghtadey pay is in arrears, and reporting his orders to Capt. 

Ross to occupy Fort William. 

26 John Stoddard to Maj. Lydius (copy), relating to cor- 
North respondence with Gov. Shirley on the need of money 

Hampton to sustain the Indian service, explaining that disburse 
ments for that end must be described as payments for 
scalps and prisoners, giving quality and price of Indian 
goods in Boston, and asking the price of English bills 
of exchange in York money. 
John H. Lydius on Indian parties, and business. 




Col. Johnson to Gov. Clinton, pleading for money to pay 
Indians for prisoners and scalps, appending list of 26 
prisoners and 3 scalps, and pressing his excellency to 
meet the Mohawks at Albany or better Mount 

/tine 2 Teady Magin, mentioning Indians whom he has per- 
Oswego suaded to enter the English service, and the intelli 

gence that " seven castles of the foreign nations '' will 
do the same. 

6 John Craig, concerning supplies and private business. 

8 Reyer Boin and his brother in law, Acos Van Schleyck, 
Burnetsfield asking for merchandise in order to trade at Oswego. 

[In Dutch] 

16 John H. Lydius, giving report of a hostile advance, and 
Albany accounts of outbreaks against the French by Indians 

hitherto in the French interest. 

20 Account [by British commanding officer] of numbers and 
Saratoga distribution of hostile forces north of Albany, and 

enemy's preparations for reduction of the post at Sara 

July 2 Gov. Clinton, prohibiting Joseph Clements from selling 
Albany liquors to Indians and soldiers at Mount Johnson. 

2 Same, ordering fort to be built at Canajoharee. 


30 John H. Lydius to [Col. Johnson], giving news of arrival 
Albany o f a fl eet at Louisbourg; and announcing loss of one 

man and recovery of 28 deserters. 








1 140 




Aug. 13 Col. Johnson to Gov. Clinton : reports that he has sent 

Mount goods to Oswego for "the foreign Indians," incloses 

Johnson letter from Lieut. Butler at Oswego, and messages 

passing between New England Indians and Mohawks, 

announces approach of delegation of Senecas and 

foreign Indians, asks payment of account to Anthony 

Duane, describes difficulty of transporting goods to 

Oswego, disappointment of the Indians and his expense 

in entertaining them, and appends a list of goods re 

quired for Indian service. 

22 J. Roberts, in relation to call for more men. 

22 H. Van Schaack about French blankets. 
Fort Hunter 

Evert Van Eps and others in relation to a murder. 
Sept. / Gov. Clinton, acknowledging Johnson's services and de- 
Ncw York nouncing insensibility of the Assembly, conveying re 
gret of Gen. Shirley that Johnson objects to Lydius's 
connection with Indian affairs, proposing plan to reim 
burse Johnson for outlays for public service, and an 
nouncing presence of Boston commissioners sent to 
confer about protecting the frontier. 

13 Warren Johnson, declaring purpose to go to England in 
New York hope of obtaining commission, expressing concern over 

his brother's perils, thanking him for a present, and ex 
patiating on their uncle's victories by sea and conse 
quent great wealth in prize money. 

14 Gov. Clinton, writing that he has recommended the 
Greenwich Oswego affair to Assembly, and has hopes of action 

by the Boston commissioners for the Indian service, 
but is uncertain about action of " ours." 

Oct. 19 John Catherwood, acquainting Johnson with action of 

New York Assembly in voting provisions for Oswego and with 

the form to be complied with in obtaining payment of 

30 expended for " the far Indians" ; also inclosing 

copy of executive message. 

Governors Shirley and Knowles's order for disbanding 
troops raised for expedition to Canada; 

Philip Ryley, receipt for 60 for goods for the Cajugas. 



Nov. 6 

William Peters, invoice of goods. 
New York 

18 J. Roberts, writing that he will disband certain forces, 
b u t has given Thomas Butler a warrant to enlist a 
company, and will empower for the same purpose 
any one Johnson may recommend. 

Jacob Glen, urging acceptance of command of provincial 
forces and informing that the Assembly has provided 
for new levies and been dissolved. 















Dec. 12 Thomas Butler, informing that Dow and Ricktman are 
Albany most talked of for assemblymen but are opposed by 

John Cuyler, John Glen, John Lansing and Hans Han 
son and mentioning the opinion that Johnson's influence 
will decide. 15:1 73 

John B. Van Eps, describing life at Oswego, a conference 
of the Governor of Canada with men of the Five 
Nations and details of business at the fort. 1 148 

Speech of Stockbridge Indian to the Mohawks, offering 
condolence for losses by war, and commending the 
alliance with the English. 23:53 

John Rutherford to [Col. Johnson], giving information 
New York that Governor intends to reofficer Albany militia, ac 
cording to Johnson's suggestion, but not till after 
election. 55 

Thomas Armstrong about price of goods, privateering etc. 1 132 



Jan. 7 

New York 


Feb. 4 




New York 

New York 

Mar. 3 
New York 

New York 

Evert Wendell, receipt for 9, 155. 

Memorandum of House resolve providing for Con 
necticut company. 

Albert Van Slyck, presenting request of Indians that Rev. 
[Johannes] Schuyler may be allowed to minister to 

Arent Stevens, giving news brought by Cayoegers touch 
ing intention of the French to strike Mohawk country, 
Schenectady and Albany, and describing indifference 
at the City Hall toward the messengers. 

John H. Lydius, commenting on Governor's absence from 
province, mentioning news from Oswego [no. 57] and 
his own act in compensating the messengers. 

Account of incidents at the post from December 10. 
[Year uncertain] 

Gov. Clinton, authorizing Johnson as colonel of the 14 
companies raised for His Majesty's service to call regi 
mental courts martial. 

Report to Gov. Clinton of Council committee, James De 
Lancey chairman, on Duke of Newcastle's letter about 
Six Nations and destruction of French settlements at 
Crown Point. [Also in Council Minutes, 21 1290-93] 

Prayer of the Indians at Paumittunnauseu to the River 
Indians for help against the French. Reply of the River 
Indians, pleading their own distress and feebleness. 

Gov. Clinton to Sheriff Jacob Ten Eyck, Albany, order to 
deliver up to Col. Johnson a French Indian prisoner. 

Same to Henry Holland or Gerritt Van Den Bergh, 
order to deliver snowshoes and tents to Col. Johnsonf"" 








Mar. 12 

Col. Johnson's orders to the troops guarding the city. 23 159 


Col. Johnson to Gov. Clinton on barbarities of the 
Caghnawagas and disgust of the Mohawks at not being 
Johnson a jded by the militia [erased]. Also (March 16) to 
Capt. Catherwood, describing temper of the Mohawks, 
criticizing Collins and Col. Schuyler, expressing desire 
that his commission as colonel of the militia of Albany 
county may be sent him, and that he may have a guard 
on his mission into the Indian country. 

Gov. Clinton, ordering a conference with sachems of the 
Six Nations to dissuade the Indians from visiting 
Canada and to promise them an interview with the 
Governor of New York. 

Capt. N. Farrand, report of guard. 

Col. Johnson to Capt. Catherwood at New York, men 
tioning accounts, purpose to visit, attended by Capt. 
Thomas Butler, Lieut. Laury and 50 men, the castles as 
far as the Onondagas, and the propriety that he should 
have a salary for commanding soldiers. 

John Sloss, return of his company. 

James Willson about coat trimmings. 

New York 

Apr. 4 




New York 

May I 
New York 


New York 


June 6 
* New York 


Capt. John Rutherford to Capt. [Walter?] Butler, on 
private affairs. 

William Johnson's commission as colonel of the regiment 
of militia for the city and county of Albany, vice 
Col. Philip Schuyler. 

John H. Lydius, inquiring about results of Onondaga 
journey; also sending copy of John Stoddard's letter on 
New York people, prisoners in Canada, and letter from 
Israel Williams, Hatfield, giving names of prisoners, 
and information of a projected French descent on 
Mount Johnson, and an interchange of belts and money 
between the Senecas and the French. 

Gov. Clinton to Col. Johnson, requiring that 50 "fitt 
Men " be directed to range the woods east of the Hud 
son for the protection of the settlements, an allowance 
for their pay to be made by Cornelius Van Schaick and 
Robert Livingston Junr. 

John H. Lydius about business and news. 

James J. Ross, informing of arrival of privateer, com 
manded by Capt. Burgess, with prizes ; and of his own 
facilities for doing business. 

Col. Johnson to Capt. Visgher, writing that he is sorry 
about behavior of David [an Indian], promising atten 
tion to the matter, and sending word to Mr Fry to 
stop sale of Hquor to Indians. 



23 :6i 










July 5 Gov. Clinton, announcing peace preliminaries, and dis- 
New York cussing coming conference with Indians and supplies 

for the troops. 23:65 

21 Albert Van Slyck, describing an Indian attack near 
Schonacten- Schenectady. 95 


25 Answer of Six Nations [to Col. Johnson?], agreeing to 
keep away from the French and bring down French 
emissary, Jan Coeur [Joncaire] and pledging loyalty. 66 

Aug. 6 Col. Johnson to Capt. Lindsay on relief of Oswego and 
Mr Collins and Col. Morris's investigations of com 
missary matters at that post. i :64 
Fragment of petition of Indians to the Governor. 65 

8 Capt. John Catherwood, notice that the Governor sends 
New York 533, I3s by Capt. Dowe, and that the Boston papers 

chronicle agreement of King of Spain to cessation of 
arms. 23 167 

16 Joseph Clement to Col. Wylleni Gansen [William John- 
Old son], complaining that drink is sold in Fort Williams, 
Condacktedic contrary to Col. Johnson's promise. [In Dutch] i :66 
31 Thomas Armstrong on news and business. 67 
New York 

Sept. 3 Leonard Lockman, promising to make Johnson's services 
Boston known to Sir Peter Warren and the ministry, mention 

ing medicine sent, and expressing desire to obtain 
Indian dress and weapons. 23 :68 

6 Col. Johnson to Capt. John B. Van Eps at Oswego advis 

ing of relief of garrison, and giving permission to 
remain, discussing prospects of trade, price of furs and 
skins and his own expected losses. 69 

7 B. Stoddert on location of forces. i :68 

9 Angelique Vitry, expressing gratitude for protection, ask- 
Montreal J n g the release of her sister [Catiche?], and mentioning 

that she has been robbed by the garde magasin at 
Cataracouis [Cadaraqui] of a purse given by Johnson. 
[In French] 24:33 

16 Col. Johnson to Gov. Clinton, giving account of expected 
Albany French party under flag of truce, with names of pris 

oners of war at Montreal, and asking instructions. 23 :7o 

16 Same to Capt. Catherwood, discussing commissions and 
Albany French party on the way, and declining to be a member 

of the Council. ! : gg 

Oct. 2 B. Stoddert, reporting apparent miscarriage of provisions, 
Schonectady f ea rs of officers in Albany about pay, and unwillingness 

of men to do duty. 23:71 



Oct. 3 Same about provisions, continuance of soldiers under 

Schonectady arms, Capt. Cleland's desire for " Two Cubb Skins," 

coming of French gentlemen [23:70], and purpose of 

Governor to prevent sending of letters from Albany to 

Canada under flag of truce. 

5 Gov. Clinton to [Col. Johnson] condemning failure of 
New York commissioners to supply provisions, discussing his de 
pendence on the Assembly and the danger of premature 
disbandment, declaring determination not to exchange 
prisoners on terms offered, and asking aid to recruiting 
for Shirley's regiment. 
John H. Lydius about quantity of rum and flag of truce. 




Nov. 4 

Dec. 7 






Col. Johnson to Samuel and William Baker, London, on 
mercantile affairs. 

Hubert Marshall, list of accounts due to Richard Arnold 
Marshall from men in Capt. Roseboom's command. 
Also statement of soldiers' pay. 

Col. Johnson to Col. Lydius, about M. Desligneris, of the 
truce party, and his friend, M. Repentigny. 

Same to [Capt. Catherwood?] mentioning weather (no 
snow as yet), preparations to build house, marriage of 
Tyrrel, etc. 

Same to Samuel and William Baker, London, ordering 
articles for house and inquiring cost of lead or slate 
for roof. 
[Gov. Clinton's] speech to the Indians, pledging protection 

and good faith and asking support. 

[Gov. Clinton's ?] speech to the Oneirlas, warning of the 
consequences if they permit the French to build a 
church by Oneida lake. 

P. Felinck, giving Col. William Johnson an option on 
his house, lot and barn, in the heart of the village near 
the Meulen kill (Mill kill) adjoining the property of 
Jan Coelon. [In Dutch] 

Jan. i Joseph Chew about journey to Maryland, trade with the 
New York West Indies and letters for Lacorn and Stoddert. 

i Christopher McGraw's order in favor of Arent Stevens 

and John Visger. 

I William Gof, order in favor of same. 

6 Gov. Clinton, Fort George information as to mission of 
New York Capt. Stoddert to Canada ; mention of reports of 
Lieutenants Holland and Mills on invalids in Sche- 
nectady detachment, and of Collins's bad behavior ; 
discussion of Indian grievance in case of children held 
as pledges or slaves; and instructions for Stoddert. 

















Jan. 9 David Schuyler about a copper mine, owned by an Indian, 
Canajoharie J n which Johnson is asked to invest. 

15 Joseph Chew, denouncing the peace preliminaries and 
Philadelphia lamenting condition of officers who have entered the 

service at a sacrifice. 

22 [Col. Johnson] to Gov. Clinton: Will forward to Gov- 

Mount ernor of Canada, by Capt. Stoddert, letter relating to 

Johnson release of prisoners; promises to furnish affidavits 

against Collins ; agrees to aid release of Indian children 

held as pledges; asks Governor's assistance to prevent 

Mohawks from going to war with Catabas ; and desires 

money for smiths in Indian country and recompense for 

his own disbursements. 

Feb. 2 Saber Duplessy, acknowledging the honor of acquaint- 
Montreal ance and friendship. [In French] 

6 Gov. Clinton to [Col. Johnson], discussing compensation 
New York o f persons sent to Canada, redemption of prisoners, 
payment of smiths, and death of [Philip] Livingston, 
and giving a personal request of Mrs Clinton. 
Governor of Canada to Gov. Clinton, arranging an ex 
change of prisoners. 
Robert Sanders about goods and news. 

Mar. 6 


New York 


New York 

Apr. 26 

May 9 
New York 


New York 


June 4 

Robert Sanders and Capt. McGinn's bill of goods sold to 
Col. Johnson. 

Capt. B. Stoddert about French gentlemen [1:73], busi 
ness, and private affairs. 

Capt. Hubert Marshall to Capt. Roseboom, at Fort 
William, concerning disobedience of orders. 

List of Capt. Marshall's men under command of Lieut. 
Roseboom at the Mohawks. 

Cadwallader Colden [to Col. Johnson], commending his 
son John to notice, and mentioning tone of M. De 

Samuel & William Baker's invoice of merchandise con 
signed to John Watts for William Johnson. 

B. Robinson, forwarding letter and mentioning a cruise 
by the Greyhound. 

John Vanderheyden on business matters. 

Jonathan Stevens about prisoners. 

Cadwallader Colden, Fort George, introducing Prof. 

[Peter] Kalm, a learned Swedish traveler. 
Col. Johnson to Capt. Ross, directions for shipments and 

request for books and newspapers. 
John B. Van Eps on business matters. 







23 :86 







une 7 
New York 

New York 

July i 




Gov. Clinton, touching his attempts to obtain release of 
Indians held by the French, artifices of Governor of 
Canada, and measures for retaining prisoners in hands 
of Johnson or the New York Indians. 23:90 

Same to High Sheriff Thomas Williams, city and county 
of Albany, authorizing to receive prisoners in hands of 
Col. Johnson. 9 1 

John Sergeant, seeking to create interest in project for 
educating and Christianizing Mohawk children; and 
mentioning patronage of Prince of Wales and Duke of 
Cumberland. 92 

Capt. B. Stoddert, discussing trade and devices of traders. 93 

John Ackerman and Paul Combes on shipment of goods. 1 :8s 

New York 

Pieter D. Schuyler, for Hendrick, Indian chief, advising 
Cannagoharie o f invitation of Governor of Canada to the Indians and 
his threat against them for failure to deliver up pris 

Col. Johnson to his uncle [Admiral Warren], explaining 
difficulty of obtaining repayment of sums expended in 
public service, mentioning his influence with German 
settlers and Indians, discussing superiority of French 
Indian policy, declaring intention to attend to his busi 
ness in view of neglect of his interests by home govern 
ment, and speaking of a lawsuit. 

Marquis de la Jonquiere, Governor of New France, to 
M. Beaubassin, order to proceed to Saratoga with 
David Abel, prisoner, to facilitate exchange of pris 

Charles Lewis Reilly, letter of compliment [in Latin and 
English] in which a visit is proposed. 

Return of the first battalion of Albany county militia. 
[Date uncertain] 

Gov. Clinton, Fort George, discussing measures for ex 
change of prisoners and approving Johnson's course, 
mentioning letter of French engineer at Niagara, and 
" Doctor's " receipt for money, and considering Oswego 

Cadwallader Colden, best wishes for prosperity, and 
success in embassy to Canada. 

James J. Ross on business matters. 

Aug. 22 


Sept. 7 

New York 



New York 

Oct. 12 



Samuel and William Baker on business. 

Anthony Van Schaick on needs of Indians imprisoned in 

Canada, and exchange of prisoners. 
John H. Lydius on business and news. 











Oct. 29 

[New York] 


Jan. 13 

Feb. 19 


Mar. 18 

Apr. 2 




New York 


May 4 

Germains Vitry to " Monsieur Jeanson, Orange," letter of 
thanks for kindness to his daughters. [24:33] [In 
French] 23:100 

Le Chevalier de St Leger, at City Hall, referring to his 
printed account of his " hard situation/' and bespeaking 
Johnson's intercession. 101 

Anthony Van Schaick, lamenting his condition as prisoner 

of war, and desiring efforts to procure his redemption. 103 

Col. Johnson to Gov. Clinton, describing fears entertained 
by the Mohawks and seconding their request for a 
company of soldiers at each of their castles. 104 

[Col. Johnson] to same, stating importance of having a 
capable agent, like Capt. Stephens [Stevens] or Lieut. 
Fisher, at Oswego. 105 

John Johnson to [Col. Johnson], his brother, business 
affair of Sylvester Farrall, loss suffered by their 
father, transactions and generous acts of Sir Peter 
Warren, and reproaching for remissness in correspond 
ence. 82 

Col. Johnson to Samuel and William Baker, London 
merchants, sending list of " trifles " desired works in 
history and natural philosophy, fiction, periodicals, 
music, pictures etc. [Stone's Johnson, 1:546] 107 

Warren Johnson about Col. Johnson's desire for an inde 
pendent company, the latter's kindness, sentiment of 
friends at Smithstown, Johnson coat of arms, regi 
ment's orders. 108 

John H. Lydius on boundary between British and French 
possessions; inclosing letter (i :93a) of February 9 by 
Thomas Hutchinson, at Boston, to Lydius on same 
subject. i :93 

John Catherwood, announcing that Johnson's accounts 
have been allowed, but his commission not yet obtained, 
that he will have a place in colonial Council, and his 
Indian management will be considered by home govern 
ment. 23:111 

William Cozzens, inclosing letters, etc. i :94 

Samuel Cramer to [Col. Johnson], after a visit to Mount 

Johnson, recounting facetiously incidents of the return. 23:112 
James J. Ross on personal affairs. i :95 

Thomas Butler on business matters. 96 

[Col. Johnson] to Gov. Clinton, representing the danger 
to the Fsv/e, Nations from threatened French .reprisals 
and emphasizing necessity of action for their defense. 23:113 



May 16 


New York 

June 29 
New York 

July 6 






Same, order for bacon in favor of Capt. Butler's negiro ; 
with entry [in Dutch] signed by Kasper Leip. 


John Catherwood, acquainting Johnson of his appoint 
ment to provincial Council, and exhorting him to hold 
the Indians to their fidelity. 23:114 

Gov. Clinton, on warning given in no. 113, legislation to 
authorize militia reviews, measures for protecting royal 
prerogative, condition of claims for reimbursement 
[1:86], and retention of officers on duty; with minutes 
of Council, in which Johnson is authorized to take 
measures for security of the Five Nations. 115 

Gov. Clinton, giving instructions for exchange of pris 
oners and mentioning proclamation to stop a traffic in 
Indian children; with extract from Council Minutes 
of June 26, considering complaints of Governor of 
Canada and making complaints in turn. 116 

Genevieve Lydius [in Canada?] to [Col. Johnson], send 
ing two French coverlets, mentioning A. Van Schaick 
and her husband [Col. Lydius?]. [In French] 117 

Arent Stevens to [Col. Johnson] of a conference with 
sachems from Annodagah, in which they explain the 
visits of their people to the French, promising to 
oppose them, and express regret at learning so late of 
southern Indians' desire for peace. 118 

Teady Magin, acknowledging receipt of goods, and men 
tioning packs sent. 119 

Same, on business matters. I -.99 

Thomas Butler on trading matters. 

Albert Van Slyke on pecuniary embarrassment. 





19 Thomas Cumming, thanks for hospitality and for knowl- 
Schenecktady ef jg e concerning the province. 23:120 

23 Samuel and William Baker on prices of peltry. 

[Fragment] 1:102 

Richard Miller, describing activity of opposition, and 
inviting Johnson to influence selections for the As 
sembly; Col. Schuyler, Peter Winne, Mr Collins, Mr 
Depester, Hans Hansa, Long John Cuyler and 
Suybrant Van Schoick mentioned in various relations. 23:121 
Col. Johnson to farmers of Canajoharee, advising sup 
port of Philip Schuyler and Hance Hansen [for As 
sembly] in view of their pledges, but expressing some 
doubt of the fulfilment. 78 





Aug. 5 

New York 


Sept. 7 

New York 


New York 

Oct. 3 



Nov. 6 

New York 



Dec. 19 
New York 


Jan. 16 
New York 

Thomas Armstrong, recommending George Armstrong 
for employment as clerk and storekeeper. 

Prof. Peter Kalm, acknowledging kind favors and prom 
ising some return. 

Capt. John Lindesay, congratulation on appointment to 
Council, and account of border incidents. 

J. Ayscough, conveying Governor's wish that Johnson 
will come down to swear to accounts laid before 
Assembly and inquiring about Mr Petrie's purpose as 

Capt. John Lindesay, desiring goods and the purchase of 
a negro woman, and mentioning death of Canossidego 
and Sadeganaughte, Onondaga chiefs, and the need of 
filling such vacancies with " true " Indians. 

Gov. Clinton, urging Johnson's presence in support of 
claims, exposing misstatement of treasurer, and ex 
pressing contempt for the Assembly. 

[Prof. Kalm], letter of courtesy, in which a matter of 
business is introduced. 

John B. Van Eps's receipt to William Johnson for 
6, us. 

Col. Johnson to David Jones, speaker of General As 
sembly, letter to accompany a statement of disburse 
ments ; containing explanation of manner of dealing 
with Indians. 

Same, to Gov. Clinton about smiths sent to Onondagas 
and Senecas and expense attending his resignation. 

David Jones, informing of sum allowed by House for 
victualing Oswego garrison, and requiring to clear up 
charge of having paid Capt. Visher ^25 for certificate 
of provisions never sent. 

Richard Miller on business transactions. 

Memorandum of merchandise for Capt. Lewes. 

I. L, postscript about French and Indians. [Fragment] 

J. Ayscough, stating sum to be paid at once on Johnson's 
order, insufficiency of money in treasury to pay addi 
tional warrants now, and discussing conduct of 

Col. Johnson to Gov. Clinton on failure of Assembly to 
repay him for maintaining and transporting French 
flag of truce parties, on Indian commissionership, 
French policy in Ohio country, Cajuga chief whom he 
has conciliated, right method in donations to Indians, 
and his pleasure in membership of his excellency's club. 

Gov. Clinton, inclosing bond to be executed in his favor 
for security of a debt. 



1 1103 













Feb. 8 Conrad Weiser on visit of condolence to the Onondagas 

Philadelphia f or the death of Canasatego undertaken by order of 

Governor of Pennsylvania; coming treaty at Albany; 

and death of Col. [Thomas] Lee, president of the 

council of Virginia. 23:134 

14 Warren Johnson, asking favor toward Matthew Ferrell, 

Waterford an d expressing desire for a commission and military 

service. 135 

24 Col. Johnson to Gov. Clinton, explaining inability to pay 
debt [23:133] at once, and condemning act which im 
poses duty on goods sold between Albany and Oswego. 136 
Mar. 20 Samuel Cramer to [Col. Johnson], begging assistance to 
New York obtain some specimen of Indian carving. 109 

20 Gov. Clinton, discussing accounts, duty on goods sold be- 
New York tween Albany and Oswego, curtailment of Johnson's 
claims by Assembly, and embarrassment resulting from 
Johnson's withdrawal from Indian affairs. no 

29 [Col. Johnson] to Gov. Clinton, discussing his personal 
Mount d e bt and public accounts and his resignation of Indian 

Johnson affairs, and introducing M. De Quaneay. 138 

Apr. 2 [Col. Johnson] to Conrad Weiser, advice as to place of 
Mount condolence [23:134], with comments on present temper 

Johnson o f ${ x Nations, and praise of Col. Lee. 139 

May 8 J. Ayscough, announcing the Governor's purpose to re- 
New York O pen question of reimbursement for provincial expenses 
and desire for Johnson's presence; also the granting of 
Johnson's petition for license to buy lands around Lake 
Canunda. 140 

8 Arent Stevens, information as to ownership of land 
Schonectady [23:140] to be purchased, and advice regarding pro 
cedure. 141 
8 Robert Sanders on desire of the Onagonques for a con- 
Albany ference, and Joh[anne]s Bradt's refusal to deliver up 

Indian boy except for a compensation. 142 

14 Schuckburgh, news of death of Prince of Wales 
New York [Frederick Lewis], political and military gossip, desire 
for Indian secretaryship, and opinion that Johnson's 
interests require him to come to New York. 143 

18 Gw. Banyar about license to purchase land, with descrip- 
New York tion o f requisite proceedings. 1:109 

20 Capt. B. Stoddert, concerning trade and freight no 


24 J. B. Van Eps on petty affairs. Hi 


29 Thomas Butler on dulness of the market for goods. 112 




June 18 Le Chevalier de St Leger at City Hall, to [Col. John- 
New York son?], complaining of rigors of law and prison usage, 
and entreating to intercede with Governors about to 
meet in Albany. 23:144 

June 30 Gov. Clinton to [Col. Johnson] about martens and squir- 

Gr[een]wich re l s . [Fragment] [Year doubtful] 1:1143 

Sept. 2 John Colon, asking leave to pay note. 115 


2 Col. Johnson to Gov. Clinton, disavowing knowledge of 

matter alleged in a letter of Mr Ferrell, informing of 

French forces moving [in the west], and promising to 

attend Assembly in behalf of his claims. 23:145 

John Shirl in Ireland to [Col. Johnson?], letter of 

friendship. 146 

12 [Col. Johnson] to the Messrs Baker, London, on sending 
Mount beaver and bear skins and gentian root [ginseng?]. 147 


20 Gamaliel Smethurst [part] invoice of goods. 1:116 


21 Sergeant John Ackerman, stating grievances and asking 
Oswego aid in procuring discharge. 117 

Oct. 8 [John Ayscough] of Governor's desire that Johnson will 

Flatbush be present to aid effort for reconsideration by Assembly 

of disallowed claims ; and that he will put in writing 

recollections of interview with Indians on Mr Barclay's 

land grant. [Mutilated] 23:148 

13 Joseph Dwight on schools for Indian children instituted 
Stockbridge through patronage of Sir Peter Warren and others and 

Johnson's encouragement. 149 

Nov. 13 Leonard Cozzens on Ferrol's departure for Halifax, hunt- 
Newport ing hounds. 150 

23 Anonymous letter on character and record of Matthew 
Dublin Ferrall, supposed to be with Johnson. 24:30 

Dec. 21 Jame Gimmel, intelligence, given by Indian, of French de- 
Burnetsfield s i gn to settle by Oneida lake. [In Dutch] 23:151 

23 Martin Kellogg to Hendrick, inviting him and other 
Stockbridge chiefs to attend Boston conference, impressing im 
portance of English alliance and soliciting for the Indian 
schools. [23:92, 149] 152 

31 William Corry to [Col. Johnson], promising covert 
Corrysbrook political aid; and open support, if necessary, on condi 
tion of protection against the opposition's resentment. 153 

Tan. 7 Account of communication from Onondaga sachem, re 
lating attempt of English to make peace between Cata- 
baws and northern Indians. [Signature lost] 156 

21 John Seger about conference with Indians at Oneida 

Castle. i :I0 7 

21 Capt. B. Stoddert, on the road to Oswego, asking the 

payment of 3, is to Thomas Butler. 23:154 



Jan. 29 Penelope Lindesay's affidavit that she is the widow of 
Albany John Lindesay, late lieutenant in Capt. Thomas Clarke's 

independent company of fuziliers, and has no other gov 
ernment allowance than that about to be granted, sworn 
to before Mayor Robert Sanders ; with certificate of 
minister, John Ogilvie, and wardens, Ed. Collins and 
Jatmes] Stevenson, St Peter's, Albany. 1:118 

30 Arent Stevens on disputed votes depending on residence; 
Schonectady mentioning voter that "must be taken care of." 23:155 

Feb. 2 Hendrick Frey on an election matter. 1:108 


Mar. ii Col. Johnson to Dr Ascough, asking counsel for detec- 

Mount tion of frauds in reports of duties collected at Oswego, 

Johnson a nd in voting. Ii8a 

15 William Printup to Col. [Johnson], sending names of 

Onondaga sachems who have signed a deed. 23:137 

23 Arent Stevens, introducing Canawago Indians and asking 
Schonectady for them a view of perspectives. 1:119 

To Lieut. William Helling [fragment, right hand half]. upa 

24 Capt. B. Stoddert, account of observations by himself and 
Oswego Indians, near Cataraque, of scenes indicating murder 

and cannibalism. 23:157 

Apr. i James Alexander, Jacob Vanthuysen and James J. Ross, 
New York asking William Johnson, John Henry Lydius and John 
Jacob Roasabone [Roseboom] to arbitrate a boundary 
dispute. 1:120 

May 8 Gov. George Clinton : license to Teady Magin to pur- 
New York chase a tract of land (8000 acres) between the Canada 

creeks. 4 :2O3 

June i William Peters about rum and sugar sent. I :i2l 


3 John Ogilvie, acquainting Col. Johnson with arrival at 
Albany Ogilvie's house of four Catawbas, with Cayuga prisoner, 

sent to confer with Mohawks. 23:158 

Aug. 4 Warren Johnson, sending intelligence of death of Sir 
London Peter Warren at Dublin July 29. 159 

4 Col. Johnson to John George Libenrood, London, on 
Mount consigning ginseng and bearskins. 160 


15 Richard Miller about merchandise. 1:122 


18 Thomas Benson to [Col. Johnson], before sailing for 
New York London ; desiring to obtain Indian dress, praising his 
entertainment at Mount Johnson, and telling of Mr 
Thomson's vengeance on an offending printer. 23:161 

20 Col. Johnson to John George Libenrood, mentioning con- 
Mount signment of ginseng, and ordering goods ; also inclosing 
Johnson letter for Mr Shuckburgh, a London stationer, with 

order for Gentleman's Magazine, newspapers, etc. 162 




Sept. 16 Same to Gov. Clinton, expressing hope that the latter 
Mount w ill remain in the province, giving intelligence of 

Johnson French and Coghnawagee movement against Catabaws, 
mentioning requests of Indians, and inviting Governor's 
investment in a land purchase. Also letter to Dr 
Ascough, discussing land purchase and condemning 
transaction of [John] Depeyster and [Volkert P.] Dow 
as- a scheme of political revenge. 23:163 

James Willson, on sending slave and sundry articles. 164 

R. Shuckburgh, writing of Admiral Warren's death and 
session of Assembly, and asking for ginseng, with pur 
pose to introduce it into practice. 165 

John Watts, informing of death of Admiral Warren. 166 

Gov. Clinton, sending list of names submitted by Assembly 
for selection of an Indian commission, and craving 
advice. 167 

Col. Johnson to William Baker, London, on goods for 
Indian market, ginseng and instruments for surveying. 168 

Dedication of satirical comedy, St Helena in Distress, 
to Governor, Lieutenant Governor and Council of Con 
necticut; with prologue [anonymous]. 109 

Col. Johnson to Goldsborrow Banyar, on sending 213 
by Capt. Jacob Bentheusen proposing to enlist several 
persons, the Governor included, in a patent. 5 :I 9 

Same to same about certain tracts of land one near 
the Susquehanna, one called the Stevens purchase, and 
one running along Scochary creek. 114 

Gw. Banyar, discussing proposed exchange, between Gov. 
Clinton and Johnson, of a part of Stevens patent for 
Susquehanna land, recommending Mr Dies, and con 
sidering a risk in Susquehanna purchase. 117 

R. Shuckburgh to Mr Pownall (copy), remarks on senti 
ments of Indians, as learned in conferences at Onondaga 
and Oswego, and need of a consistent policy in Indian 
affairs. [Doc. rel. to Col. Hist. N. Y. 6:805-6] 23:79 

Gw. Banyar, concerning purchase of land of Gov. Clinton, i :i23 

Same, concerning security for money advanced by him for 
Johnson in purchase of land of Gov. Clinton, also John 
son's proceedings at Onondaga, new rules to govern the 
taking up of lands and advisability of an early survey 
of Susquehanna tract. 5:i39 

Dec. 5 Copy of obligation given by William Johnson to Golds- 
borrow Banyar to amount of 213. 1 1124 


Oct. 7 
New York 


Nov. 5 


Dec. 24 



July 20 

Aug. 12 

Sept. 7 

New York 

[Oct. 30] 

Nov. 5 

New York 

New York 



Dec. 5 


Jan. 10 


Mar. 19 

Apr. 2 

Col. Johnson to Gw. Banyar, inclosing note and acknowl 
edging favor. 


May 9 
New York 

June 6 

June 19- 
July 1 1 

July 23 
New York 



Aug. 30 


Sept. 25 
New York 

Oct. 2 
New York 




Story of Stephen Coffin, for six or seven years a prisoner 
among the French and for a time in the French service : 
describing French movements and military preparations 
about Lake Erie and toward Belle River (Ohio). 
Sworn before Col. Johnson. 23:170 

Gov. James Hamilton, informing of purpose of some 
people in Connecticut to seek an arrangement with the 
Six Nations for occupying certain lands in Pennsylvania, 
without the consent of that province or the sanction 
of their own. 

John Fitch and five others, committee of Connecticut 
government, explaining and justifying Susquehanna 
land scheme. 

Gw. Banyar on land transactions and military affairs. 



Col. Johnson's order to officers of 2d battalion on account 

of reported French advance. 23:174 

Proceedings of congress of seven colonies at Albany on 
Indian affairs, with plan of union of n in one general 
government. [Not calendared in full; printed in Doc. 
Hist. N. Y. 2:545-617; Q, 2:317-60; also, except com 
missions, in Doc. rel. to Col. Hist. N. Y. 6:853-92; a 
portion of the minutes of 27 June in N. Y. Col. Mss, 

78:i4S] 1:127 

Extract from deed obtained by Connecticut people [23 : 
171, 172] from Indians; giving Indian signers, consid 
eration, evidences, witnesses and boundaries. 23:172(2) 
Gw. Banyar, concerning Maj. Washington's defeat and 

affairs public and private. 1 1128 

[Col. Johnson] to Gw. Banyar, replying on same subjects 
and criticizing Maj. Washington severely. 129 

[Col. Johnson] to Capt. Jacobus Vanslyke, or the 
next commanding officer at Schenectady, orders for 
equipment and guard, in view of the French attack on 
Hosock. 23:175 

Gw. Banyar on land grants, public defense and civil 
"appointments. I :i3O 

Same, concerning Albany civil appointments, land pur 
chases, etc. 131 

Postscript to above on Maryland and Virginia affairs. I3ia 

Col. Johnson to Gw. Banyar, concerning Clock [George 
Klock?], who has gone to York with supposed fraudu 
lent designs. 132 



Nov. 6 


New York 

Dec. 9 




New York 

New York 



Jan. 21 


New York 

Feb. 24 

Mar. 13 

New York 



[Capt.l Hubert Marshall to Capt. John M. Roseboom, 
commanding Fort William, about truant drummer, and 
charges of delinquency. i:i33 

Gw. Banyar on commissions of officers of Schenectady 
companies and Indian commissioners' claims. List of 
officers on back of letter. 134 

Gov. William Shirley, sending letter from [John] Pow- 
nall; also communicating purpose of the crown minis 
ters to restore the Indian lands unjustly taken, sending 
a message to Chief Hendrick, asking advice in Indian 
matters, and mentioning his recent commendation of 
Johnson to members of home government. 23:176 

Gw. Banyar, concerning Klock's proceedings and land 
matters, surveys, patent etc. I 11-35 

[Col. Johnson] to Gov. Shirley on proper policy for 
securing good will of Six Nations. 136 

Gw. Banyar on military news and affairs; also proposition 

of a colony from New England to Pennsylvania. 137 

Same on military matters, including Braddock's appoint 
ment to command, and on Klock's patent transactions. 138 

Col. Johnson to Gw. Banyar about Schenectady officers, 
land affairs (private), the Connecticut colony [23:171, 
172 and i :i37] and territorial claims of the French 
king. 139 

Same to same on defenseless state of the colony and 
Indian concerns. 141 

Balance of account with David Quackenbush; memoran 
dum by Col. Johnson. I25a 

John Waldron's list of cannon and other ordnance stores 
in and near city of New York. 142 

Gov. William Shirley to Lieut. Gov. James De Lancey, 
discussing movements against the French and proposing 
Col. William Johnson as commander of Crown Point 
expedition. 144 

Dr Richard Shuckburgh on conference with Lord Halifax 
and his lordship's good opinion of Johnson. 145 

[Col. Johnson] to Gov. Shirley, Gen. Braddock and Sir 
William Pepperel about expedition against Crown 
Point. [Extract in Doc. rel to Col. Hist. N. Y. 
6 :946~47] 146 

Gw. Banyar about conference with the Governor and 
[Thomas] Pownall, and begging acceptance of the chief 
command. 147 

Dr Richard Shuckburgh on personal and public affairs. 148 



Apr. 14 




New York 



New York 

May I 

New York 


New York 




Minutes of council at Alexandria, Va., consisting of 
Gen. Braddock, Admiral Keppel and five governors. 
Woe. Hist. N. Y. 2:648-51; Q, 2:378-79] 

Extract from above mentioned minutes, recommending 
that Col. Johnson as Indian commissioner be intrusted 
with the distribution of 800 in presents to the Indian 

[Col. Johnson] to Peter Wraxall, asking him to serve as 
secretary of Indian affairs. 

Gov. Shirley's instructions to Maj. Gen. Johnson. 

Johnson's commission as major general from Gov. 
Shirley. [Commission without names of signers found 
in N. Y. Col. Mss, 80:74 and printed in Doc. Hist. 
N. Y. 2:651-53; Q, 2:380-81] 

Draft of commission from Lieut. Gov. James De Lancey. 
[Doc. Hist. N. Y. 2:653-54; Q, 2:381] 

Gen. Johnson to George Croghan on securing aid of 
Scarooyady, or Half King. Same sheet contains esti 
mate of sundry expenses of Crown Point expedition. 

Record of vote by Massachusetts Bay representatives for 
payment of engineers. 

Estimate of train and ordnance stores for expedition. 

Jersey Assembly's estimate of expense for 500 men in 

[Gen. Johnson] to Gen. Shirley, provisions necessary to 

be made for Crown Point expedition; with estimate 

of expenses of officers and men. [Fragment] 
[Gen. Johnson] to Gov. Shirley about necessary vessel 

and forts. 
[Lieut. Gov.] James De Lancey, directing the building 

of two forts at the Mohawk castles. 
New York Assembly's resolutions on commander's pay. 
Gov. Robert H. Morris, of Pennsylvania, proposing, in 

order to defeat Connecticut scheme [23:171, 172], a 

sale to the Proprietors by the Six Nations of all 

lands within the crown grant to the Penns. 
[Gen. Johnson] to the several governors about artillery 

and bateaux. 
Gov. Shirley on officers' pay and other expenses of 



7 Daniel Gaus, for Mohawk sachems, about Peter, the 
Canajoharee French Indian. 

Thomas Butler to [Gen. Johnson], mentioning move 
ments of French and Indians on Lake Ontario and 
reports about the Indians. 







i :i6o 







May 15 Hubert Marshall, giving orders and leave of absence to 
Fort I Lieut. Roseboom. 


15 George Croghan, about Indian allies and personal losses. 


16 [Gen. Johnson] to Gov. Shirley, conveying information 

obtained from M. Silvester and wife about immediate 
and also available strength of Crown Point. 
[Gen. Johnson's] record of examination of M. Silvestre 
[substantially the same as 1:169]. 







New York 





New York 







[Gen. Johnson's] memoranda for the several governors. 
Same to Gov. Shirley about personal expenses, officers' 
pay and Indian presents. 

[Gen. Johnson] to Lieut. Gov. De Lancey on same sub 
Gw. Banyar, news of official proceedings. 

[Gen. Johnson] to Gen. Braddock concerning Six Na 
tions, etc. 

[Gen. Johnson] to same, Jean Silvestre's account of 

Canada forces. 
Same to Capt. Orme, aide-de-camp, on policy toward Six 


Gw. Banyar, about military preparations. 
Colden & Kelly, asking leave to send a young man with 

goods along with Crown Point expedition. 
Gen. Johnson to Gw. Banyar on public affairs. 

Instructions, articles 90-93, to Sir Charles Hardy relative 
to Five Nations and their confederates, especially in 
the matter of land grants and purchases. [Also in 
N. Y. Col. Mss, 81:91] 

Gen. Johnson to Oliver De Lancey, about troops sent to 
Oswego and need of funds for Indian presents. 

Same to Benjamin Stoddert, Thomas Butler and Jona 
than Stevens, tendering captains commissions for 
Indian commands. 

Gov. Wentworth, of New Hampshire, approving appoint 
ment of commander in chief and stating readiness of 

Gw. Banyar to [Gen. Johnson] on London news, per 
sonal and public affairs. 




i -.170 













May 24 




New York 


New York 







June i 
New York 



New York 


New York 

Gov. Shirley, pledging cooperation and influence. 1:184 

Gw. Banyar, about military preparations. 185 

Hints for commanding officer (per Mr Kennedy). 186 

Gov. Shirley to Lieut. Gov. De Lancey on preventing 

intercourse of French Indians with Albany. 188 

Gw. Banyar, expressing surprise at Gen. Johnson's failure 

to inform government of Indian matters. 189 

Gw. Banyar, acknowledging letter and giving Council 

proceedings. 190 

Oliver De Lancey, about sending money by Jacob Van 

Benthuysen. 191 

John Bradstreet to Gov. Shirley, regarding route for 

troops via Oneida lake. [Extract] 192 

Same to governors about French movements. [Copy] 193 

[Gen. Johnson] to Gov. De Lancey, for artillery, quar 
termaster general and engineer. [Doc, Hist. N. Y. 
2:654-55; Q, 2:382] 194 

List of artillery stores at Fort Frederick. 195 

Gov. Shirley's reasons for reinforcing the Niagara ex 
pedition with troops raised for Crown Point. 196 
Hints adverse to that proposition. 197 
Massachusetts Bay enactment on same. 198 
Resolve of Governor and Assembly of Connecticut 
touching Susquahana settlement: justifying original title 
of colony to the land, defending purchase from Six 
Nations and appealing to public interest in behalf of 
settlement. 23:180 
Gw. Banyar on preparations for the war etc. i:i99 

[Gen. Johnson] to Gov. De Lancey for a law against 
selling rum to the Indians. [N. Y. Col. Mss, 81:7 and 
Doc. Hist. N. Y. 2:656-57; Q, 2:382-83] 200 

Gen. Johnson to Mr. Banyar, replying to complaint of 

Governor and Council. i8pa 

Gw. Banyar, about application of May 29 [1:194], the 

success of the patent and a survey. 2OI 

Stephen Webster, reports as master boat builder. 202 

Gw. Banyar, about engineer, Gov. Shirley, news from 
England, nonreceipt of letters, completion of the 
patent, French Indians at Albany, military affairs and 
telescope. 203 




June 6 [Gen. Johnson] to Gov. De Lancey about location of 
forts at Conhogoheny and Mohawk castles, gratification 
of Indians at proposal to fortify, anticipations of 
Indian conference, Capt. Mathews's arrival and lack 
of stores for his company. [N. Y. Col. Mss, 81:12 
and Doc. Hist. N. Y. 2:657-58; Q, 2:383-84] 
7 Golden & Kelly, invoice of powder, guns and other stores. 
New York 

7 Lieut. Gov. De Lancey, about public proceedings, etc. 
New York 

7 Massachusetts Bay allowance for pay of Indian officers 
and Maj. Gen. Johnson, and other expenses of Indian 
service. [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 2:667-68; Q, 2:389-90] 
Alexander Golden, about money advanced for fees. 

New York 


[Gen. Johnson] to Golden & Kelly, New York, ordering 

supplies and trimmings. 
Gw. Banyar, on public and private affairs. 

New York 

ii W. Alexander, as to obtaining consent of Indians to 
New York build storehouses between Mohawk river and Wood 

Gw. Banyar, about commissions and artillery cariiages. 

New York 



New York 


Proclamation by Gen. Johnson, forbidding sale of spirit 
uous liquors to Indians going to and from the confer 
ence at Mount Johnson. 

Golden & Kelly, asking draft on Oliver De Lancey. 

[Gen. Johnson] to Thomas Pownal about Mr Kelly, 
the proposed Indian conference and preparations for 
Crown Point expedition. 

13 Same to Lieut. Gov. De Lancey, about hostile Indians 
Mount lurking near Albany and measures for their capture, 

Jolmson also about proposed conference. 

14 Benjamin Stoddert, announcing approach with friendly 
Harkermans Indians. 

13 Capt. Will. Eyre, about troops and boats. 


14 Gw. Banyar, about telescopes, Assembly action respect- 
New York ing p aVj g un carriages, vessel from Bristol, etc. 

14 Gen. Johnson to Gov. Wentworth about Gov. Shirley, 
New Hampshire troops, Capt Ayers [Eyre], etc. 





[Gen. Johnson] to Mr Banyar about Gov. Wentworth 
and New Hampshire troops, throng of Indians coming 
to the conference, tardiness of governments concerned 
in Crown Point expedition and private business. 
















June 15 



New York 

New York 


16, 18 

New York 










[Gen. Johnson] to Lieut. Gov. De Lancey about Cagna- 
waga Indians. [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 2:659; Q> 2:384] 1:222 

Same to Capt. William Eyre about guns fit for use at 
Albany. 223 

Gov. Glen, South Carolina, to the king of Catawbaws, 
warning of hostile designs on part of Six Nations. 
[Extract of speech, date uncertain] 204 

Gw. Banyar, inclosing list of Massachusetts stores for 
Crown Point expedition, inquiring about gun carriages 
and giving substance of Massachusetts resolves appro 
priating funds. 2:1 

J. Wheelwright's list of supplies provided by Massa 
chusetts committee of war for Crown Point expedition. 
[Other copies of same list are 2:19, 1:158 and 1:187, 
the last of which has also list of supplies furnished by 
New York] 17 

Lieut. Gov. De Lancey, compliments and assurances. 2 

Gov. Shirley, about march to Niagara, military stores, 

news from Gen. Braddock, Indian affairs, etc. 3 

Duplicate of part of No. 3. 4 

Gw. Banyar, about gun carriages. [N. Y. Col. Mss, 81 :30 

and Doc. Hist. N. Y. 2:660-61; Q, 2:385-86] 5 

Duplicate of part of No. 5. 6 

Gen. Johnson to Oliver De Lancey, about remittances 
and the Indians approaching Mount Johnson. 7 

Capt. William Eyre, expressing solicitude about Crown 

Point expedition. 8 

Gen. Johnson to Lieut. Gov. De Lancey, about pursuit 
of Onogangeys, contract for building Mohawk castle 
forts and number of Indians obeying summons. [N. Y. 
Col. Mss, 81:28 and Doc. Hist. N. Y. 2:660; Q, 2:385] 9 

[Gen. Johnson] to Gov. Shirley about New Hampshire 
troops, Capt. Ayers, a quartermaster general, certain 
provision for Indians, other needs of the expedition 
and provincial remissness. 10 

Capt. William Eyre, inclosing letter from Gov. Shirley, 
with explanations as to alleged irregularity. n 

Gov. Wentworth, inclosing resolve of his government as 
to provision for commander of Crown Point expe 
dition; also treating of quota, movements of New 
Hampshire regiment and condition of the colonies. 12 

Colden & Kelly, about shipments and purchases; complain 
that velvet and Indian corn are hard to obtain. 13 



June 19 










New York 

New York 









Gen. Johnson to Lieut. Gov. De Lancey about Gov. Shir 
ley's dispatches and Indian conference. [N. Y. Col. Mss, 
81:34 and Doc. Hist. N. Y. 2:662; Q, 2:386] 2:14 

[Gen. Johnson] to Gw. Banyar, about deficiencies in 
Boston list of supplies, the building of bateaux and 
gun carriages, allowances and Indian conference. 15 

[Gen. Johnson] to Golden & Kelly about supplies re- 
. ceived and payments. 16 

[Gen. Johnson] to Capt. Eyre, Albany, about Gov. Shir 
ley's diversion of troops from Crown Point to Niagara, 
his rebuke of Capt. Eyre [2:11] and the Indian con 
ference. 18 

[Gen. Johnson] to Gov. Shirley, concerning efforts to 
secure Indian service, deficiencies in list of supplies, 
action of Massachusetts Legislature as to pay and equi 
page and relations with the Indians ; with list of things 
needed for expedition. [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 2:663-65; Q, 
2:386-87 (Extract)] 24 

[Gen. Johnson] to Lieut. Gov. De Lancey, inclosing copy 
of answer to Gov. Shirley [2 124] ; also announcing 
arrival of rest of Indians at the conference. 28 

Ja. Stevenson about Gov. Shirley's movements, corre 
spondence, express messengers and transportation to 
New York. 20 

Gw. Banyar, about books and telescope. 21 

Arent Stevens to [Gen. Johnson], about arrears and in 
crease of salary, orders received, vermilion sent, route 
and treatment of Cayugas and Onondagas. 22 

Gw. Banyar about general's pay, gun carriages and 
bateaux, ordnance, appointment of paymaster, etc. 23 

Capt. William Eyre about expected arrival of Connecticut 
troops. 25 

Gen. Johnson to Capt. Edmond Mathews or commander 
at Albany; orders prohibiting ill usuage of Cagnawaga 
Indians. 26 

Capt. William Eyre, about grounds for encampment of 
troops, need of additional stores, suspicious traders from 
Canada, with more about Gov. Shirley's letter of cen 
sure. 27 

[Gen. Johnson] to commanding officer of Sir William 
Pepperil's regiment, enjoining utmost caution lest any 
one should offend the Indians. 29 

Same to David Vander Heyden, Albany, intrusting orders 
about Indians [26 and 29] and desiring that Cagna- 
wagas may be informed of the orders. 30 




June 21 




New York 


New York 

New York 









Gen. Johnson to Indians, speech exhorting them to main 
tain covenant with the English, reminding of its past 
advantages and of injuries suffered from the French, 
acquainting them with action of southern Indians in 
joining Gen. Braddock, whose message to Six Nations 
he will soon deliver. Note of June 26 appended; re 
cording arrival of Cayouge and Chippewye delegations. 
[Doc. rel. to Col. Hist. N. Y. 6:964-89] 23:183, 184 

Maj. Gen. Braddock to Gov. Shirley, concerning allow 
ance for supplying Indians with provisions and presents. 
[Extract] 2:32 

[Gen. Johnson] to Capt. Eyre, Albany, concerning encamp 
ment grounds, need of . conciliating Cagnawagas, gun 
carriages and inspection of company returns. 33 

[Gen. Johnson] to James Stevenson, Albany, authorizing 
him to press horses and men for carrying dispatches. 35 

Lieut. Gov. De Lancey to Capt. Hubert Marshall, order 
to deliver brass mortar and shells to Maj. Gen. Johnson. 36 

Capt. William Eyre, about fulfilment of instructions, en 
campment of New England troops, gun carriages and 
guns. 37 

Gw. Banyar about conduct of Indian affairs, New England 
and Pennsylvania supplies, New York's provision, Lieut. 
Gov. De Lancey's commission and instructions, anti-rum 
law, policy toward certain Indians, military movements, 
etc. 38 

Same, conveying absolute orders for building gun car 
riages at Albany; also information as to bateaux and 
ammunition, and suggestions as to strength of Johnson's 
command. 39 

Vote of Massachusetts Bay province, making appropria 
tion in behalf of the Six Nations. 44 

Duplicate of 2:44. 23:186 

Vote of Massachusetts Bay province providing for rein 
forcement of Crown Point forces. 2:45 

[Gen. Johnson] to Gov. Hopkins, Rhode Island, con 
gratulations a"nd statements respecting military and 
Indian affairs. 40 

Capt. William Eyre, as to arrival and encampment of 
Rhode Island and Connecticut troops and information 
brought by a man from Canada. 41 

[Gen. Johnson] to Capt. Eyre, Albany, expressing thanks, 
approval and views about encampment of troops and 
need of strict discipline. 42 

Account of stores per sloop Stamford, consigned to Moses 

Emerson, Albany. 43 



June 27 











July I 
New York 

New York 

New York 

Capt. William Eyre, replying to 42 and adding remarks 
about encampment, discipline, arrangements, etc. 2:46 

[Gen. Johnson] to Lieut. Gov. De Lancey about Gov. 
Glen's letter to Six Nations, the Indian conference in 
progress, labor and damage incident to it, reinforcement 
for Gov. Shirley, gun carriages and bateaux and testi 
mony of John Hart. IN. Y. Col. Mss, 81 144, inclosure 
81:45, and Doc. Hist. N. 7,2:665-67; Q, 2:388-89] 47 

[Gen. Johnson] to Gen. Braddock, mentioning information 
given by John Hart and a warrior sachem from beyond 
Lake Ontario, the great conference, the posture of 
military affairs and commending Capt. Eyre. 48 

Gen. Johnson's general orders for forces encamped at 

Albany. 49 

[Gen. Johnson] to Lieut. Col. Ellison, explaining absence 
from Albany, stating favorable action of the nine nations 
in conference and giving orders for proper treatment of 
Indians (at Albany). 50 

Capt. William Eyre, about building bateaux and gun 
carriages, delivery of orders to Lieut. Col. Cole and 
Col. Cockcroft, arrival of Commissary Pitcher, Maj. Gen. 
Lyman and Boston forces and insufficiency of Connecti 
cut boats. 51 

Gw. Banyar, about delay of Assembly's action on quota 
of expenses, state of the gun carriages and bateaux, 
proposals for pay of artillery officers, gunners, patent 
for people of German Flats and Mr Dies's favors. 52 

Invoice of ordnance carriages and stores shipped 
by John Dies by order of Lieut. Gov. De Lancey per 
sloop Christina, directed to Philip Schuyler and John 
De Peyster, Albany, subject to order of Maj. Gen. John 
son; receipted by Tobias C. Ten Eyk, master. 53 

Similar invoice shipped per sloop Schongtade, Isaac Swits, 
master. 54 

John Dies, inclosing above named invoices, noting for 
wardness of additional supplies and announcing English 
success in Bay of Fundy. 55 

Gw. Banyar to [Gen. Johnson], announcing Gov. Shirley's 
arrival, capture of French fort, Beausejour, disposal 
made of the prisoners, the naval success, authority to 
draw on Gov. Shirley for deficiencies in supplies and 
offering congratulations on result of Indian conference. 56 

Note of secretary of Indian affairs at the conference, 
about attempt of Col. Lydius to persuade Indians to go 
to Niagara, and Gen. Johnson's prohibition of such 
efforts. Woe. rci. to Col. Hist. N. Y. 6:986-87] 31 




July 5 

New York 


New York 


New York 




New York 

New York 







Gw. Banyar, describing a measure which he will propose, 
mentioning the victories over the French, gun carriages, 
powder, telescope, Assembly's action and personal 
opinion on diverting troops from Crown Point to 
Niagara, passage of supply bill, use to be made of funds 
and news from Gen. Braddock. 2:57 

Same to [Gen. Johnson], about commissioning officers and 
health of the army, with inquiries and suggestions as to 
sundry supply matters. 58 

Gov. Wentworth, about movements of New Hampshire 

regiment under Col. Blanchard. 59 

John Watts, stating pecuniary supplies voted by colonies 

and alluding to Admiral Boscawen's fleet. 60 

Letter to [Gen. Johnson?] containing extract from letter 
of June 17 by Admiral Boscawen, off Cape Breton, 
mentioning accessions to French forces in " these parts " 
and his capture of the Alcide and the Lys. 23:187 

Gw. Banyar, discussing Indian arms and a gunner ; giving 
description of Crown Point obtained from Indian 
trader, etc. 188 

[Gen. Johnson] to Maj. Gen. Lyman, inviting him and 
the colonels in camp to his house. 2:61 

Same to Moses Emerson, commissary general for Massa 
chusetts Bay, order to issue more provisions to carpen 
ters. 62 

John De Peyster, New York commissary, to [Gen. John 
son], return of stores at Albany. 62% 

Colden & Kelly, bill of supplies. 97 

Colden & Kelly, account current from September 21, 1753. 99 

[Gen. Johnson], to Lieut. Gov. De Lancey, about recent 
good news, Gov. Shirley's near approach and the suc 
cessful issue of the Indian conference at Mount John 
son. 63 

Moses Emerson, invoice of stores belonging to the Massa 
chusetts Bay. 64 

Elihu Lyman, account of Connecticut commissary and 
other stores. 65 

Chris. Champlin's memorandum of Rhode Island pro 
visions and military stores. 66 

Capt. Rutherford, Camp on Laurel hill, to his wife; 
extract announcing Gen. Braddock's defeat and the cas 
ualties among British officers. 67 

Edward Gray, captain of Rhode Island regiment guard, 
and Mathew Huntington, captain of Connecticut regi 
ment guard, to Col. Goodrich, officer of the day; re 
ports. 68 



July 12 




New York 


New York 

New York 









[Gen. Johnson] to Capt. Broadstreet [John Bradstreet],' 
Oswego, inclosing order on Mr Mills for goods and 
making mention of Indian assurances. 2:69 

Col. William Cockcroft, report of the camp guards. 70 

George Gardner, Rhode Island camp, Ebenezer Billing, 
Connecticut camp, officers of guards, and John Pitkin, 
officer of the day, report to Maj. Gen. Johnson. 71 

Surgeon William Hunter's list of sick in two companies of 
Rhode Island regiment. 73 

Lieut. Gov. James De Lancey, introducing Capt. Patrick 

Boyle as candidate for gunner. 74 

Peter Wraxall, aide-de-camp, to colonels of regiments, 

ordering rolls and weekly returns in specified form. 75 

Gw. Banyar, recommending the bearer, Capt. Boyle, to 
gether with Edward Collard, and recounting recent 
news from Halifax. 76 

Edward Collard and Gw. Banyar's agreement about pay 

of the first and length of service. 77 

Gen. Johnson to Maj. Gen. Shirley, inclosing engineer's 
report of amount of powder necessary for Crown 
Point expedition and asking that deficiency in colonial 
supply may be repaired. 78 

[Gen. Johnson] to Maj. Gen. Shirley, on correction of 
record of Mount Johnson conference [2:31] touching 
Niagara expedition. . 80 

Capt. William Trent, at mouth of Conicocheg, to Gov. 
Morris,. Shippensburgh, Pa., repeating news of Brad- 
dock's defeat. 81 

Memorandum of effective men in several regiments. 82 

[Gen. Johnson] to Maj. Gen. Shirley, excusing delay in 
answering communications from his Excellency. 83 

John H. Lydius's memorandum of transaction at Mount 
Johnson between Indians and himself; also Joseph Kel- 
logg's statement of transactions in which he was con 
cerned. 84 

Memorandum of Lydius's and John Fisher's doings at the 

. Mohawks' castle, in presence of Capt. Ferrall and 

others. 8$ 

Isaac Staats's declaration relating to engaging Stockbridge 

Indians to go to Niagara. 86 

Gen. Johnson to Maj. Gen. Shirley, about procuring 
Indians. 87 

Same to Maj. Gen. Lyman, instructions regarding strength 
of command, review, construction of magazines, opening 
road, council of war, discipline, Indian scouts. 88 



July 17 Same to Col. Titcomb, or the commanding officer in 
Albany camp, about examination for gunners by Capt. Eyre, 

change of encampment and observance of camp duty. 2:89 
17 John Dies, bill of charges to province of New York for 
New York ordnance carriages and stores shipped to Albany, care 

of Messrs Schuyler and De Peyster. 90 

17 Golden & Kelly, bill of supplies. 96 

New York 

17 Maj. Gen. Shirley, criticizing secretary for Indian affairs 
Albany regarding note in record of Mount Johnson conference 

[2:31,80], complaining that Johnson should have ex 
punged note, indicating limitations of Johnson's com 
mission, asking an Indian escort, returns of suite and 
officers of Indians, also information about presents to 
western Indians, and promising to give commissions 
recommended by Johnson. IOO 

18 John Dies, about stores just forwarded, gunners, bravery 

New York o f Capt. Boyle and advances of money. IOI 

18 Richard Peters to Lieut. Gov. De Lancey, with news 
Philadelphia o f Gen. Braddock's defeat. IO2 

19 James Kinneer, aide-de-camp, for returns of commissions 
Albany o f Indian officers, on behalf of Maj. Gen. Shirley. 103 

19 Maj. Gen. Shirley, as to inducing Mohawks and other 
Albany Indians of Five Nations to prevent the passage of 

French Indian spies. 104 

Lieut. Col. Ellison to Maj. Gen. Shirley; extract on same 
Schenectady subject as 104. 10$ 

19 Gw. Banyar, about Braddock's defeat and its effects, the 
New York Niagara expedition and military supplies. 106 

- 19 Richard Peters to Lieut. Gov. De Lancey, with more 
Philadelphia recent and more favorable news of the Braddock disaster. 107 
19 Gw. Banyar to [Gen. Johnson], about caution to Brazier, 
Braddock's defeat, Niagara and Crown Point expedi 
tions, French fleet at Louisburgh, etc. 108 
Peter Wraxall to [Gen. Johnson], mentioning gout and 
arrangement with Mr De Peyster for Indian supplies, 
discussing draft of answer to Gen. Shirley's censorious 
letter [2:100?] and counseling social reserve for the 
present. IOQ 

19 Oliver De Lancey's account against Maj. Gen. Johnson. 91 

20 Gen. Johnson to Maj. Gen. Shirley, about garrisons for 

Indian castles and means of supporting them. Ill 

20 Maj. Gen. Shirley, answering letter of same date [2:111]. no 

20 Charles Read to Gov. Belcher, giving what purported to 
Burlington be favorable advices from Gen. Braddock. 112 


July 21 




New York 



New York 






Gw. Banyar, about Gen. Braddock's defeat, mortar and 
shells ordered, regret concerning Niagara, Mr Dies's 
account and the payment of it. 2:113 

[Gen. Johnson] to the Lords of Trade, on Indian affairs. 
[Badly mutilated and obliterated] [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 
2:671-74; Q, 2:391-93 and Doc. rel. to Col. Hist. N. Y. 
6:961-63] 114 

Ja. Stevenson about sending letters. 115 

Account of supplies lent to Mr Wraxall by John De 

Peyster [2:109]. II ^ 

Golden & Kelly, bill of supplies. 93 

Joseph Greswold's bill of supplies furnished to Mr Gol 
den [Golden?]. 95 

John Dies, mentioning shipment of mortars and shells 
and giving modified news of Braddock's defeat, personal 
speculations and warning against assassination by 
French Indians. 117 

Gen. Johnson to Myndert Wemp, as smith for Senecas 
and Cayugas, instructions as to work, sending and 
receiving intelligence, interception of French spies and 
pay for services. 118 

Maj. Gen. Shirley, summons in haste, on account of 

dispatches from Virginia. 119 

Gw. Banyar, repeating more favorable news from Brad- 
dock and his army and discoursing about shipment of 
mortars etc. 120 

Same, inclosing copy of Charles Read's letter to Gov. 
Belcher. 121 

Dr Middleton's report of disabilities in New York regi 
ment. 122 

Gw. Banyar, confirming Gen. Braddock's defeat, inclosing 
copy of Capt. Rutherford's letter [2:67], ; with reflec 
tions, counsel and encouragement. 123 

Maj. Gen. Shirley to Abram Mortier, deputy paymaster 
at Boston, warrant for ^3000 in favor of Maj. Gen. 
Johnson. 124 

[Gen. Johnson] to John Watts, inclosing Gov. Shirley's 
warrant on Mr Mortier, deputy paymaster at Boston, 
for 3000; with facts and comments about movements 
of forces, Braddock, provision for contingent charges 
and pressure of duties. 79 

Col. Christo. Harris's weekly returns of Rhode Island 
regiment. 72 

Col. Moses Titcomb's weekly return of his regiment. 125 




July 26 Col. William Cockcroft, camp at the Flatts, weekly return 
to [Gen. Johnson] of six New York companies; also 
Lieut. Col. Nathan Whiting's weekly report of Col. 
Elizur Goodrich's regiment. 

26 Gw. Banyar, discussing causes of Braddock's defeat and 
advising a style of warfare after French and Indian 
fashion, with remarks on Niagara and Crown Point 
expeditions, etc. 

26 Maj. Gen. Shirley to [Gen. Johnson], instructions to be 
Schenectady observed in case of retreat from Crown Point. 

26 Colonels Moses Titcomb and Ephraim Williams, com 
plaint about commissary arrangements at Albany. 

26 Arent Stevens, concerning Col. Lydius's and Mr Alex- 
Schonectady ander's efforts to enlist Indians. 

27 [Gen. Johnson] to Maj. Gen. Lyman, giving caution 
Albany against surprise on the march, directions about Indians, 

punishment of offenses and immorality in camp, report 
about Braddock and time when next division will 
follow. Also an order to Col. Elizur Goodrich to move 
to the Flatts. 

27 /vrent Stevens to [Gen. Johnson], about Gen. Shirley's 
Schonectady agents with the Indians. 

28 Gen. Johnson's general orders, concerning absentees, 
Albany allowance of rum, license to sell liquor, inspection 

returns, field officers of the day, readiness for march 
ing orders and adjutant service. 

Peter Wraxall to [Gen. Johnson], on successful efforts 
to procure money and pocket pistols. [Date uncertain] 

29 Capt. Matthew Ferrall, concerning Col. Lydius's be- 
Mount havior at the Mohawk castle. 


29 [Gen. Johnson] to Maj. Gen. Shirley, inclosing extract 
from Capt. Rutherford's letter to his, Rutherford's, 
wife and discussing Indian matters at issue. 

[Gen. Johnson] to Capt. Eyre, orders to get artillery 

John De Peyster's account of provisions drawn from 
New York stores. 

Gw. Banyar, more about Braddock's defeat, the Niagara 
and Crown Point expeditions, Pennsylvania's action, 
the fleet. 

[Gen. Johnson] to Lieut. Gov. De Lancey, excusing fail 
ure to write letters and send proceedings of Mount 
Johnson Indian conference, denouncing Gov. Shirley's 
mischievous Indian measures, considering policy sug 
gested by Braddock's disaster, the calling of a grand 
council of colonies, the virtues needed, invoking Divine 
aid and expressing hope of retaining Indian allies. 






New York 



23 :200 










July 30 




Aug. i 



New York 




New York 

Commissary Richard Smith 8 s list of military stores. 2:92 

[Gen. Johnson] to Col. William Cockcroft, about Capt. 
Maginnis [William McGinn-is] and an offender. . 139 

Same to Thomas Pownell, on Gov. Shirley's course with 

the Indians. 140 

[Gen. Johnson] to Schuyler and De Peyster, order for 
commissary and paymaster and supplies for New York 
regiment. 193 

[Gen. Johnson] to Capt. Robert Orme, on provincial 
allowances for Indians, Shirley's behavior and move 
ments of Johnson's command. 141 

Same to Mayor Hansen, Albany, about preventing sale 

of rum to Indians. 142 

Cornelius Cuyler's calculation of distance from Albany 

to Crown Point. [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 4:287; Q, 4:185] 143 

Gw. Banyar, giving his sentiment as to the Six Nations, 
and the views of the Council touching disposition of 
forces. 144 

Peter Wraxall to Col. Cockcroft, authorizing a detail 
of 25 men to guard workmen gathering wheat. 145 

Gen. Johnson's orders and instructions for Col. Moses 
Titcomb, commanding 2d division of provincial forces, 
under marching orders. 146 

[Gen. Johnson] to Gov. Wentworth, informing of non- 
arrival of New Hampshire troops and blaming Legis 
lature. 149 

Same to Capt. Webster, superintendent of carpenters, 
and to Richard Smith, commissary of artillery, in 
structions to obey Capt. Eyre's orders. 150 

Lieut. Gov. De Lancey, answering No. 138, regretting 
Gov. Shirley's interference with Indian affairs and Gen. 
Braddock's defeat and death and giving counsel and 
encouragement. 151 

Col. Moses Titcomb's division returns at the Flatts. 152 

Gen. Johnson to Col. Moses Titcomb, ordering detail of 

men for bateaux. 153 

Maj. Eben'r Nichols, report as field officer of the day. I53a 

[Gen. Johnson] to Moses Emerson, commissary general 
for Massachusetts, order to furnish bags for powder. 154 

Gw. Banyar, about panic, Governors "De Lancey and Shir 
ley, losses at Fort Duquesne, the importance of early 
operations against Crown Point, Council proceedings, 
etc. 155 

Arent Stevens's account current of supplies furnished. 156 

Gw. Banyar, urging attention to transportation matters, 
and the employment of carpenters, smiths and men 
knowing road. 157 




Aug. 6 


New York 






Great Carry 
ing Place 


Great Carry 
ing Place 



New York 


Great Carry 
ing Place 


Great Carry 
ing Place 


Same about Gov. Dinwiddie's dispatch, action of Pennsyl 
vania, ambuscades, Gov. Shirley's opposition and Mr 
Pownall's friendliness. 2:158 

[Gen. Johnson] to John Watts, about money, Gov. Shir 
ley's doings, the intended march, breakage of gun car 
riage, etc. 159 

Gw. Banyar, inclosing Assembly resolution to raise re 
inforcements, and intimating like action by Connecticut 
and Massachusetts. [N. Y. Col. Mss, 81:104 and Doc. 
Hist. N. Y. 2:676; Q, 2:394] 160 

Richard Smith's list of stores sent to camp August 2 
and of those remaining in Albany August 6. 161 

Sundry accounts of bateaux delivered at Albany on ac 
count of Gen. Johnson. 98 

Gen. Johnson to Lieut. Gov. De Lancey, censuring Gen. 
Shirley, denouncing scandalous conduct of Shirley's 
agents among the Indians and announcing that he will 
march on the morrow. 23:189 

Jan Van Buren, Jacob van der Heyden, Peter Schuyler, 
Matthyas Vanderheyden and other freeholders north of 
Albany, petition that troops may be left for their pro 
tection till harvests are secured. 199 

Gov. Wentworth, expressing surprise and regret at failure 
of New Hampshire troops to arrive. 2:162 

[Gen. Johnson] to the several governors, inclosing minutes 
of council of war and urging speedy reinforcement. 
Woe. Hist. N. Y. 2:678-80; Q, 2:395-96] 164 

[Gen. Johnson] to Hansen and Cuyler, commissaries, 
about supplies withheld from Col. Blanchard's New 
Hampshire regiment. 166 

Minutes of council of war, held at Great Carrying Place, 
on subject of reinforcements. [N. Y. Col. Mss, 81 :n8 
and Doc. Hist. N. Y. 2:680-81; Q, 2:396] 167 

Gw. Banyar, about Col. Dunbar's forces, Council pro 
ceedings, disposition of troops, and erection of forts in 
Crown Point expedition, fast day, condition of Louis- 
burgh, Mr Pownall's opinion of Gov. Shirley's transac 
tions, etc. 168 

Col. Timothy Ruggles, report as field officer of the day. 169 

Gen. Johnson to Col. Joseph Blanchard, about procuring 

supplies and transportation. 170 

Gw. Banyar, about change of Col. Dunbar's orders, re 
inforcements and pitch and oakum. 171 

Minutes of council of war at the Great Carrying Place, 
providing for advance force under Gen. Lyman to cut 
road to South Bay and for erection of forts. 172 



Aug. 18 Surgeon Peter Middleton's list of sick in New York 

regiment. 2:173 

18 Gen. Johnson to Col. Blanchard, orders to guard supply 

train. I 73 a 

19 Benjamin Bancroft and Benjamin Wells's returns of 

Fort Connecticut commissary stores at Great Carrying Place. 163 


19 John Dies, about shipment of oakum and pitch, with 
New York scheme for landing troops in face of enemy. 174 

19 [Surgeon] William Hunter's list of sick and wounded in 

Col. Christopher Harris's regiment. I74a 

20 Proceedings and sentence of general court martial on 

Lieut. Noble of Col. Pomroy's company, Col. Williams's 
regiment, for exciting mutinous disposition in soldiers. 175 

20 [Gen. Johnson] to Gov. Hopkins, Rhode Island, per- 
Great Carry- milling Col. Harris, the bearer, to be absent on business 

ing Place and to state details to his Honor. 176 

Same to Col. Moses Titcqmb and other officers named; 
warrant for holding general court martial. 177 

21 Lieut. Col. Jonathan Bagley, officer of the day at Great 

Carrying Place camp, report to commanding general. 178 

22 Gen. Johnson to Col. Blanchard, inclosing order on com 

missaries at Albany, for stores for his New Hampshire 
regiment and requiring him to convoy provisions to 
the camp. 179 

22 Same to Moses Emerson, Lyman, Schuyler and other 

commissaries, order in favor of Col. Blanchard. 180 

22 Wolter Groesbeck and Gysbert Oosterhoudt's list of 

wagoners deserting from Great Carrying Place camp. 181 

22 Gen. Johnson to Sybrant Van Schaik about prosecution 
Great Carry- o f same. 148 

ing Place 

22 Proceedings of council of war held at Great Carrying 

Place camp, continuing two days, determining that ex 
pedition should proceed with utmost dispatch and re- * 
quiring reinforcements, clothing and bedding. [In part 
in Doc. rel. to Col. Hist. N. Y. 6:1000-2] 182 

23 Peter Thomson, Great Carrying Place camp, return of 

prisoners under his charge. 183 

23 Gw. Banyar, about the conduct of the expedition, device 
New York for landing troops, orders to Col. Dunbar for second 

attempt on Fort Duquesne, Gov. Shirley, allowance of 
Connecticut troops, armorer for expedition, care of 
health, news, reinforcements. 184 

24 [Gen. Johnson] to the several governors, inclosing 
Great Carry- minutes of council of war, enforcing its conclusions and 

ing Place announcing immediate purposes. 185 



Aug. 24 Col. Edward Cole, report as field officer at Great Carry 
ing Place. 2:186 
Jehosaphat Starr to Col. Cole, officer of the day, report of 

quarter guard in Col. Goodrich's regiment. 187 

24 Geo. Gardner's report as officer of guard of Col. Harris's 

Rhode Island regiment. l87a 

24 [Gen. Johnson's] order on Albany commissaries in favor 

of Indians. 188 

25 [Gen. Johnson] to Thomas Pownall, about vexations from 
Great Carry- Ind ; ans, Gen. Shirley and desire to be fairly judged in 

ing Place England. 189 

26 [Gen. Johnson's] instructions to Maj. Gen. Lyman, Great 

Carrying Place. 190 

Capt. Eyre's list of artillery stores for second division. 191 

29 Gen. Johnson to Maj. Gen. Lyman, about arrival, building 
Lake George fort, sending artillery and pioneers, care of wagons, 

desertion of wagoners. 192 

Gw. Banyar to [Gen. Johnson], confidential note about 

discussions in Council. 147 

B. Stoddert, description of Fort St Frederick (Crown 

Point). 194 

Sept. i [Gen. Johnson] to Gen. Shirley, mentioning impaired 
Lake George health, work of defense at Great Carrying Place, 
(erased portion concerning Cagnawagas, council of 
war, etc.) march hither, fort in progress, advices from 
Gen. Lyman at Great Carrying Place, loss of two men, 
reinforcements from Connecticut, and Indians from 
Canada. 195 

2 Robert Orme to [Gen. Johnson], about the expedition, 
Philadelphia Gen. Shirley, papers in hands of Col. Dunbar, copies of 

papers to be taken to England, means of properly repre- 
sentmg Johnson's services to English ministers, one Mr 
Shaw, etc. 197 

3 Col. Timothy Ruggles, appointment of regimental court 

Lake George martial. 198 

Daniel Claus's information as to efforts of Shirley's 
agents, Lydius and Fisher, to prevent Indians from 
joining Johnson, and action of Hendrick and others to 
defeat their influence. 3:17 

3 [Gen. Johnson] to the Lords of Trade concerning 

Lake George messages to Cagnawagas urging neutrality, gross be 
havior of Gov. Shirley's agents among the Indians, Shir 
ley's pretext, writer's unwillingness to be charged with 
Indian affairs unless independent of colonial governors 
and progress of the Crown Point expedition. [Doc. 
Hist. N. Y. 2:684-89; Q, 2:309-401 and Doc. rel. to 
Col. Hist. N. Y. 6:993-97] 2:199 



Sept. 4 [Gen. Johnson] to Lieut. Gov. De Lancey about arrival, 
Lake George building of fort, defenses at Great Carrying Place, dis 
affection of troops about pay and work, inferiority of 
officers with few exceptions, imprisonment for selling 
rum to Indians, want of wagons, number of Indian 
allies, scouting parties and renaming of lake. 2:200 

4 Same to Thomas Pownall, inclosing communication to 
Lake George Lords of Trade [199], and enlarging on Gen. Shirley's 
enmity, want of wagons, low morale of the expedition, 
patriotism of Albanians, newspaper misrepresentations, 
liberty of the press, publication of facts 'in Franklin's 
paper, Indian speech. 201 

4 Gw. Banyar, about express, arrival of Sir Charles Hardy, 

lack of news, etc. 202 

List containing names of places, Quebec etc., with unex 
plained column of figures. 202a 

5 Proceedings of council of war respecting number of 
Lake George officers and men requisite to garrison the fort at Great 

Carrying Place, also forbidden sale of rum to Indians. 203 

6 Gen. Johnson to Col. Blanchard, about disposition to be 
Lake George made of his regiment, now on duty at Great Carrying 

Place. 204 

7 Proceedings of council of war : decision to build a fort 
Lake George here ; intelligence from Indian scouts through Mohawk 

sachem, Hendrick, indicating an attack at Great Carry 
ing Place; preparation for same. 205-7 
Indians' draft of the French encampment. 208 
9, 10 [Gen. Johnson] to the several governors, report of battle 
Lake George of the 8th, in which the several actions are described, 
forces and losses estimated, capture of Gen. Dieskau 
and death of [Legardeur de] St Pierre, also deaths of 
Colonels Williams and Titcomb, Captains Farrell, Stod- 
dert, Stephens and Magin [McGinnis] -and other 
officers, and Chief Hendrick mentioned. [Doc. Hist. 
N. Y. 2:691-95; Q, 2:402-5 (from London Mag. 24) 
and Gentleman's Mag. 25:518] 23:190 
9? Examination of French prisoners taken in attack on 

Johnson at Lake George. 2 :209 

9 Minutes of council of war, dispatches ordered to the 
Lake George several governments concerned, and better posture of 

defense for the present army. 211 

Gen. Johnson to Capt. Peter Wraxall, instructions for 
mission to several governors, to convey papers (list 
given) and seek opinions. 196 

10 George Croghan, Cumberland co., Pa., about Indian 

affairs in that region. 212 



Sept. 12 Maj. Gen. Shirley, about late correspondence, disappoint- 
Oswego ments, pressure of business incident to chief command, 

reinforcements, instructions to Col. Dunbar, Crown 
Point expedition, probable strength of the French, 
Indian affairs, and asking copy of instructions and com 
mission given by Gen. Braddock. 2:213 

12 Hubert Marshall, offering congratulations on rumored 
Albany victory. 214 

13 Gw. Banyar to [Gen. Johnson], mentioning report of the 

victory, official party about to visit Albany, and Gov 
ernor's good opinion of Johnson. 23:191 

14 Col. William Cockcroft, about wagon guard, departure 
Great Carry- of John Thompson (Mohawk), allowance of rum, va- 

ing Place cancies in regiment, prisoners in charge. 2:215 

14 Minutes of council of war, on reinforcing garrison at 
Lake George Great Carrying Place, and building more than a merely 

picketed fort at this camp. 216 

Copy in part of same. 23:185 

15 [Gen. Johnson] to the mayor and magistrates of Albany, 
Lake George warrant for impressing wagons and horses in Albany 

and other counties, also instructions regarding French 
prisoners. 2:217 

Outer leaf of Gen. Johnson's letter to mayor and magis 
trates of Albany with warrant for impressing wagons 
etc. ; also, on other side of leaf, a fragment in French, 
about Baron de Diersau [Dieskau] and de Barnier, 
aide-de-camp. 210 

15 Same to Col. Cockcroft, about vacancies in regiment 
Lake George [2:215], allowance of rum, care of French prisoners in 
cluding Baron Dieskau, and their removal to New 
York, wagons, stores, etc. 218 

16 Same to Capt. Marshall, about custody of Baron de 
Lake George Dieskau and his aide-de-camp and their security 

against impertinent curiosity. 219 

1 6 [Gen. Johnson] to Dr Middleton, instructions relative to 
Lake George care of Baron Dieskau. 220 

Account of strength of French army copied from paper 

of the French general. [In French] 221 

1 6 [Gen. Johnson] to Sir Charles Hardy, Governor of New 

Lake George York, about general letter to governors, particulars of 

recent engagement, Baron Dieskau's account of his 

plans prior to the battle, Indians' return home, wagons 

and provisions, forts and boats, prospect of pushing on, 

French prisoners and papers. [Doc. rel. to Col. Hist. 

N. Y. 6:1013-15] 222 

1 6 [Gen. Johnson] to Col. Cockcroft, sent by Maj. Fitch, 
Lake George about suitable conveyance of Baron Dieskau, instruc 
tions to his guard, etc. 223 



Sept. 16 Minutes of council of war, in answer to message from 
Lake George Gen. Lyman proposing change of encampment, council 
action (adverse), and a penciled map, probably of the 
two sites. 2:224 

17 Gen. Johnson to Lieut. Gov. Phipps, supplementing letter 
Lake George o f loth inst. [23:190] and revising statements respect 
ing strength of French; also considering vacancies, the 
wounded, number and spirit of the troops, etc. 225 

18 [Gen. Johnson] to Robert Orme, replying to 197, dis- 
Lake George cussing Indian sentiment, and Indian trade, prospects of 

Crown Point expedition, forts erected, and mentioning 
curiosities, Evans's map of America, Mr Wraxall, Mr 
Shaw, correspondence. 226 

18 Minutes of council of war on expediency of changing 

Lake George encampment. 227 

19 Maj. Eleazer Fitch, mentioning arrival, departure of 
Great Carry- French general (Dieskau) for Albany, immorality in 

ing Place camp, orders depriving the sick of their clothing, and 
desire of New England companies to be separated from 
rest of regiment. 228 

19 Maj. Gen. Shirley, administering reproof for neglect to 
Oswego transmit direct account of engagements of September 8, 

estimating defensive strength of the enemy and devis 
ing operations against Teronderoge and Crown Point. 229 

19 Capt. Stephen Webster, report concerning carpenters for 

Lake George building scows. 230 

20 Col. Cockcroft, about French prisoners, wagoners, etc. 231 
Fort Lyman 

21 Gen. Johnson to Col. Cockcroft, replying to No. 231, 
Lake George also giving name, Fort Edward, approving discharge of 

superfluous laborers and urging completion of the fort. 232 
21 Same to commissaries, directing them to send supplies on 
Lake George horseback. 233 

21 Same to commanders of Massachusetts and Connecticut 
Lake George reinforcements, directing them to remain at Albany. 233a 

21 Oliver De Lancey to [Gen. Johnson], congratulations on 
Albany victory of September 8 and on slightness of wound ; 

also mention of Sir Charles Hardy. 234 

2'i Gw. Banyar, congratulating on recent success and slight- 
Albany ness of wound, naming Sir Charles Hardy's suite, re 
peating conversation with Mr Pownall, and alluding to 
Col. Dunbar's movements and disposition. 235 
21 Minutes of council of war, in which transfer of troops 
Lake George from Great Carrying Place, together with the action 

directed in Nos. 233, 2333, is recommended. 236 



Sept.22,24 [Gen. Johnson] to [Maj. Gen. Shirley] about engagement 
Lake George o f September 8, capture and wounding of French gen 
eral, lack of zeal in the army, other obstacles to prog 
ress of expedition, the Indians' departure, trade between 
Albany and Canada; receipt of letters of September 
12, reinforcements, strength of French, Gen. Brad- 
dock's commission and instructions, Sir Charles Hardy's 
arrival at Albany, inconsistency of council of war, 
spies to Crown Point ancTITcleserter to the enemy. 2:237 

22 Minutes of council of war, in which- a speedy advance to 
Lake George Crown Point and the bringing of ordnance stores from 

Albany and " the Half Moon " are advised. 238 

23 Gen. Johnson to Gov. Hardy, replying to his letter of the 
Lake George 2 ist [not in this collection] excusing neglect to send 

papers on account of danger of interception, soliciting 
a visit from his Excellency, which he would himself 
pay but for his wound, and asking for musket balls. 239 
23 [Gen. Johnson] to Col. Cockcroft, giving intelligence 

Lake George from scouts and instructing him to send scouts 

toward South Bay and Wood Creek. 240 

23 [Gen. Johnson] -to Col. Cockcroft, notifying him that 

Lake George Col. Ruggles will relieve him and his command, and 
summoning him hither with first convoy of wagons ; 
also giving orders for the care of bateaux and a de 
tachment to escort Sir Charles Hardy in case of his 
coming from Albany. 241 

23 [Gen. Johnson] to commanding officers of provincial 

Lake George regiments in camp, orders to supply New Hampshire 

troops with provisions. 3:1 

23 Gw. Banyar to [Gen. Johnson], informing him of disin- 
Albany clination of Mohawks to return, citizens' subscriptions 

for soldiers' refreshments, presence of Connecticut 
troops, condition of roads, recommending ovens and 
forts and announcing arrival of Doctors Shuckburgh 
and Ayscough. 2 

23,24 Return of men fit for duty; on back, names of n New 
Lake George England men permitted to go home on account of sick 
ness. 23:192 

24 [Gen. Johnson] to Lords of Trade on recent victory and 
Lake George capture of Gen. Dieskau, Indians' return to their home, 

suppression of trade between Albany and Canada, oppo 
sition of Dutch traders, interests of Cagnawagas. [Doc. 
Hist. N. Y. 2 1698-700 ; Q, 2 1407-8 and Doc. rel. to Col 
Hist. N. Y. 6:1009-10] 3:3 




Lake George 




Sept. 24 Capt. Robert Rodgers to Col. Joseph Blanchard, journal 
of New Hampshire scouts sent to reconnoiter Crown 
Point ; also Col. . Joseph Blanchard, Lake George, to 
Gen. Johnson, communicating the above journal. [Doc. 
Hist. N. Y. 4:259-60; Q, 4:169] 3:4 

Duplicate of No. 4. 5 

[Gen. Johnson] to Col. Timothy Ruggles, instructions to 
relieve Col. Cockcroft at Fort Edward, to prosecute the 
work to completion, maintain discipline and watch and 
furnish escort for Gov. Hardy. 6 

Gen. Shirley, acknowledging receipt of letters, etc., re 
viewing Capt. Ayre's statements regarding fortifica 
tions, recommending " the other end of the carrying 
place " as the site of the strongest work and an ad 
vance against Tironderogue and expressing his hope to 
proceed on his own expedition in three days. 9 

Gw. Banyar to [Gen. Johnson] about mission of Ogil- 
vie and Vanschaick to Mohawks and other tribes, with 
message to them from Governor, reported wavering of 
Caghnewages, lukewarmness of five upper nations, re 
inforcements, Capt. King's death, desirability of a 
colonel's commission, advices from London. 7 

Gov. Hardy, soliciting advices by letter or trusty mes 
senger, explaining mission of Ogilvie and [Van 
Schaick] to Mohawks [3:7], regretting Johnson's 
orders to Col. Dyer [2:2333.], asking in what respect 
the Governor's presence at camp is desirable, mention 
ing supplies and the wounds of Gen. Johnson and 
Baron Deskieu. 10 

Gen. Shirley, suggesting that, if Johnson's wound disable 
him for advancing against Tenonderoge, Gen. Lyman 
or Col. Ruggles command the earliest practicable ad 
vance. II 

[Gen. Johnson] to Gov. Hardy, informing him that coun 
cil of war advise that cannon be brought from Albany, 
and proposition about ovens is not favored by officers 
and acknowledging provision for hospitals. 12 

26 Same to Col. Timothy Ruggles, Fort Edward, calling for 
Lake George returns of boats and troops, apprising of tracks of 
enemy near Wood Creek and South Bay, and giving 
caution against surprise. 13 

Hugh Wallace to [Gen. Johnson] announcing Queens 
county's donation of 1000 sheep for army and Phila 
delphia's bounty, warning against needless exposure 
and mentioning Col. Dunbar's march to Albany from 
Philadelphia. 14 



Lake George 

New York 



Sept. 26 William Williams to [Gen. Johnson], offers congratula- 
Oneyda's tions, deplores death of Colonels Titcomb and Williams 
Carrying a nd solicits commission for a son in Williams's regi- 
Place ment, if worthy. 3:15 

26 General Court of Massachusetts Bay, report acknowledg 

ing bravery and success of the army, calling for advices 
direct and for sending French general and other pris 
oners to Boston instead of New York. 16 

27 Oliver De Lancey and Cornelis Cuyler, notification of 
Albany stores forwarded. 18 

27 Proceedings of council of war as to supplies for Col. 
Lake George Blandhard's New Hampshire regiment, one Henry 
Cooke's assertion that expedition is held back by its 
general and a slanderous accusation of Capt. Eyre. 19 

27 Col. Bagley's propositions regarding further progress, 

sick and wounded, reinforcements and fortification. ipa 

28 Gen. Johnson to Gov. Hardy, reporting action of council 
Lake George o f war as to reinforcements and mentioning continued 

absence of Indians and number of men fit for duty, 
with indorsed minute about Capt. Eyre's plan of forts 
and Col. Bagley's description of picketed fort. 20 

[Gen. Johnson] to Lieut. Col. Thomas Gilbert, instruc 
tions to proceed to Albany and forward supplies, im 
pressing wagons if necessary, also to arrest deserters. 21 

28 Peter Wraxall's record of general's orders to surgeons 
Lake George i n army to report number of sick and wounded, most 

prevalent disorder and probable cause and remedy. 22 

29 Capt. Robert Rodgers to Col. Joseph Blanchard, journal 
Lake George o f New Hampshire scout of five men sent to recon- 

noiter French camp at Toronduroque ; also Col. Blan 
chard to Gen. Johnson, communicating the above. 
Woe. Hist. N. Y. 4:260-61; Q, 4:170] 23 

29 Duplicate of No. 23. 24 

29 Gw. Banyar to [Gen. Johnson], advising Johnson to ac- 
Albany quaint Gov. Hardy with his personal needs and sacri 

fices, and to address Lord Halifax ; also mentioning the 
anxiety of Gov. Hardy, the importance of forts and the 
question of proceeding toward Crown Point. 25 

29 Proceedings in council of war as to sick and wounded, 
Lake George f O rt building, soldiers' complaints, necessary supplies. 26 

29 Capt. William Eyre, reporting ordnance supply insuffi- 
Lake George cient for investment of Crown Point, if received ac 
counts of French defenses be reliable. 23:193 
29 [Gen. Johnson] to Capt. Eyre, desiring report [23:193] 
Lake George as to adequacy of the available ordnance for continu 
ing expedition. Guard report of September 26 by Col. 
Seth Pomeroy on the back. 154 




Sept. 30 [Gen. Johnson] to Gov. Hardy, introducing Mr Wraxall, 
Lake George aide-de-camp, as bearer of dispatches and confidential 

intelligence. .. 

30 Same to Col. Timothy Ruggles, Fort Edward, calling for 
Lake George spades and shovels and authorizing to detain Massa 

chusetts or other troops, as needed. 

30 [Gen. Johnson] to Gen. Shirley, inclosing army reports 
Lake George (\{ s \_ given), and advising of appointment of Mr Beamsly 
Glazier as adjutant general, Mr Wraxall's mission to 
Albany and Boston and recent incidents. 
CV.mcil to Gov. Hardy, report in favor of sending cannon 
for Crown Point expedition, building a better fort at 
Lake George and securing post at South Bay. 
Capt. Robert Orme to [Gen. Johnson], congratulations on 

victory and London address. 

Gov. Hardy to [Gen. Johnson], inclosing Council report 
[3'-3 I ] J instructions and recommendations about forts, 
Mr Ogilvie's report concerning the Mohawks and notice 
of a commission to [Sam]uel Bayard. 
Gw. Banyar to [Gen. Johnson], about cannon, boats, 
wagons, stores, reinforcements and public interest in 
the expedition; news. 
Same, report of quarrels among officers, particularly Gen. 

Lyman and Capt. Eyre. 

Peter Wraxall to [Gen. Johnson], relating conference 
with Gov. Hardy, Lieut. Gov. [De Lancey] and 
others ; criticisms, queries, desire for council of war, 
warm discussion of matters connected with expedition. 
[Gen. Johnson] to Gov. Hardy, tracing progress of de 
fenses at Lake George and Fort Edward, declaring the 
building of a fort at South Bay not practicable and 
explaining Mr Wraxall's mission to his Excellency. 
3 Adjutant Philip Richardson to [Gen. Johnson], report 
Lake George about mounting guard. 

Oct. i 


New York 




Lake George 




L. I. 


Capt. Wraxall to [Gen. Johnson], saying that Gov. Hardy 
is averse to sending Wraxall to the several governors, 
as proposed, and reviewing reasons. [Unfinished] 

Gov. Hardy, opposing Mr Wraxall's mission to the 
governors and advising certain defensive measures. 

Jacob Ogden to Peter Wraxall, at or near Crown Point, 
proposing that an acknowledgment of Queens county 
donation of sheep be made to encourage public be 

Gw. Banyar, mentioning arrival in New York of Sir 
John Sinclair, Capt Orme, Lieut. Miller and Mr Ogil- 
vie, coming of Col. Dunbar and offering comfort and 















Oct. 6 [Gen. Johnson] to Gov. Wentworth, commending Col. 
Lake George Blanchard and his regiment on their return to New 
Hampshire, explaining retention of Col. Syms and 
Capt. Roggers, with their consent, and mentioning dis 
patches sent by Capt. Wraxall for the governors. 3:44 
7 [Gen. Johnson] to Gov. Hardy, regarding road repair, 
Lake George forwarding of cannon from Albany, French deserter, 
available strength of force, scouts, indolence and in 
subordination of the soldiers, progress of forts and 
letter of late Capt. [William] McGinnis. 45 
7 Peter Wraxall, aide-de-camp, to Capt. John Taplin, of 
Lake George Col. Bagley's regiment, order to repair roads. 47 

7 Same to Capt. Rodgers, orders for scouting party, dis- 
Lake George patched toward the Carrying Place and Teonderogue. 48 
7 Gen. Johnson to commissaries, order for broadaxes. 49 

Lake George 

7 Peter Wraxall, aide-de-camp, to commanding officers of 
Lake George Connecticut reinforcements, order to repair road from 

Albany to Seraghtoga with all possible dispatch. 50 

7 Same to Col. Timothy Ruggles, order to repair road from 
Lake George F O rt Edward to Seraghtoga, also directions concerning 
request for leave of absence and soldiers pretending to 
be discharged. 5 1 

7 Stephen Webster, report on carpenters and flat-bottomed 
Lake George boats. 52 

7 Gw. Banyar to [Gen. Johnson], about a French deserter 
Albany from Tionderoga, advantage of taking fort at Tionde- 

roga, impeachment of Rogers's reports, spirit of officers 

and men. 54 

8 [Peter Wraxall] to [Gov. Hardy], announcing illness of 
Lake George Gen. Johnson, conveying thanks for polite attentions, 

describing the character of Johnson and the acquies 
cence of the general in the Governor's views. 55 
Philip Lord, report of scout. [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 4:262; 
Lake George Q ? 4:170] 121 

9 John Pownall, secretary of Lords of Trade, acknowledg- 
London m g letters and papers, also eminent services as Super 
intendent of Indian Affairs, admitting necessity of ex 
amining into certain land patents as well as the im 
portance of a general plan for Indian affairs and in 
closing copy of instructions given to present governor 
of New York. [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 2:700-2; Q, 2:408-9 

and Doc. rel. to Col. Hist. N. Y. 6:1017-18] 56 

9 Chaplain Solomon Page, request for furlough to visit 
Lake George s i c k family. 6l 



Oct. 9 Gw. Banyar to [Gen. Johnson], informing him that Col. 
[Albany] Dunbar is on the way from Philadelphia, that Gov. 
Hardy will probably visit Gen. Johnson, and that Gen. 
Shirley has interfered with Gov. Hardy's department, 
also commending Col. Gridley and Capt. Bayard. 3:62 

9 Gen. Johnson to Maj. Gen. Lyman, list of papers and 
Lake George subjects to be submitted to council of war. 63 

9 Opinions of council of war: advance on Ticonderogo mi- 
Lake George practicable; workmen should not leave forts to build 
boats; all wagons needed for supplies; thanks due to 
Massachusetts for favorable mention of army and to 
New York city and Queens county for donations. 64 

10 Gen. Johnson to Moses Emerson and other commissaries, 
Lake George Albany, order for axes. 66 

10 Proceedings of regimental court martial at trial of 
Lake George William Caleb and Thomas Sear j ants, acquitting former 

and finding latter not deserving of punishment. 67 

Memorandum of Lieut. Sawyer's desertion. 68 

10 Gen. Johnson to Gov. Wentworth, mentioning illness, 
Lake George return of Wraxall and advices to be sent through Gov. 

Phipps. 69 

10 [Gen. Johnson] to Gov. Hardy, sending minutes of coun- 
Lake George c ii o f war and protesting against Gen. Shirley's order 

to Capt. Wraxall, to repair to Oswego. 70 

10 Same to Maj. Gen. Shirley, on condition of affairs in 
Lake George Johnson's department. 71 

10 [Gen. Johnson] to Gov. Phipps, condemning popular 
Lake George government in military matters, disavowing ambition 
and punctiliousness and stating condition of the 
army. 72 

10 Same to David Jones and Thomas Cornel, Queens county, 
Lake George inclosing extract from minutes of council of war re 
specting Queens county donation and expressing pious 
gratitude. [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 2:702-3; Q, 2:409-10] 73 

10 Same to Messrs Robinson and Wallace, New York, 
Lake George acknowledgments and thanks for well timed donation 

from New York to the army. 73a 

11 Moses Emerson, statement of rum, axes and provisions 
Albany forwarded by Samuel Gardineer. 74 

ii Pteter] W[raxall], aide-de-camp, to Maj. John Hazelton, 
Lake George a t or near Albany, orders to oversee the wagon train 

of the army. 75 

II, 15 Minutes of court of inquiry, investigation of alleged 
Lake George mutinous conduct of Capt. Esekial Peirce and finding 

of guilt. 76 

ii Proceedings of council of war, with regard to state of 
Lake George the army, proper course to adopt and dismissal of in 
valids. 77 


Oct. ii Philip John Schuyler to Peter Wraxall, aide-de-camp, 

Lake George evidence given at court martial against William Caleb, 

accused of sleeping at his post. 3:60 

ii [Gen. Johnson] to Thomas Hutchinson, about sending 

Lake George French general's order of battle to Lieut. Gov. De 
Lancey, general letter to governors, rank of Massa 
chusetts in the expedition, impossibility of making elab 
orate reports to the governors, apprehended disappoint 
ment of the provinces and his own sense of rectitude. 78 

11 Christopher Champlin, report of camp guards. 79 
Lake George 

12 Gw. Banyar to [Gen. Johnson], on soldiers' demand to 
Albany be paid for working, effects of popular liberty, delay in 

work and prospects of the expedition. 80 

12 Report of officers of the guard and day. 81 

12 John Linscom's report as captain of artillery guard. 82 

Lake George 

12 Capt. Robart Rodgers, report of scouting party. [Doc. 

Hist. N. Y. 4:262-63; Q, 4:171] 46 

12 Ensign Timothy Putnam to Capt. Rodgers, report as spy 
Lake George along the lake [George]. [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 4:266; 

Q, 4:i73] 57 

12 Capt. Israel Putnam to Capt. Rodgers, report as spy sent 

to Tycondarogue. [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 4 :264-^6s ; Q, 4 1172] 58 

12 Capt. Hunt to Capt. Rodgers, report of scouting party 

sent to Ticonderoga. . [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 4:265; Q, 
4:172-73] 59 

13 [Gen. Johnson] to Gov. Hardy about late council of war, 
Lake George messengers to Connecticut and Massachusetts, substance 

of letters to those governments, information by spies, 
bravery and honesty of Capt. Rodgers, need of tools to 
complete forts and of boats during wet season, need 
of holding reinforcements at Albany, want of provis 
ions, and continued illness. [Letter evidently com 
pleted by Wraxall] 83 

13 John Taplin's report of scouts. [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 4:266; 
Lake George Q, 4:173] 65 

13 Henry Babcock's report of scouts for west side of Lake 

George. [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 4:266; Q, 4:173] 84 

13 [Gen. Johnson] to Gov. Fitch, of Connecticut, acknowl- 
Lake George edging congratulatory letter, mentioning condition of 
wound and disorder in head, Lieut. Col. Pitkin as mes 
senger to the Connecticut government, council of war 
minutes and other papers, army returns, information 
about enemy, from Capt. Rodgers and other spies, 
French deserter, application of officers for council of 
war with minutes of same, submitting future opera 
tions to the several governments and commending Mr 
Wraxall's services. 85 



Oct. 13 [Gen. Johnson] to Lieut. Gov. Phipps, about some matters 
Lake George discussed in No. 85, also excellent character of Col. 
Ruggles and officers in the same command, and request 
ing him to transmit papers to New Hampshire and 
Rhode Island governments. 3:86 

13 Gen. Shirley, acknowledging letters and administering re- 
Oswego proofs in regard to dispatches and management of the 

expedition. 87 

13 Reports of officers of guard and day. 88 
Lake George 

14 William Symes, report as captain of scouts, detailing en- 
Lake George gagement and loss. [Wrongly dated 22d] [Doc. Hist. 

N. 7.4:267-68; Q,4:i74] 89 

14 Jelles Fonda, as captain of scouts, to [Gen. Johnson], 
Lake George reporting defection of men in danger. [Doc. Hist. 

N. Y. 4:267-68; Q, 4:174] 90 

William Symes, report of scouts [sent in by messenger]. 

[Doc. Hist. N. Y. 4:267; Q, 4:173] 91 

14 Leaf with indorsement : " Capt. Syms' report sent off by 

express." 92 

14 P. Wraxall, aide-de-camp, to regimental commissaries, 
orders to supply Capt. Samuel Bayard and five men 
with provisions and rum by weekly rotation in follow 
ing order, New York, Rhode Island, Massachusetts, 
Connecticut. 93 

14 [Gen. Johnson's] orders to commanding officers of pro 
vincial reinforcements to march to Albany, or to remain 
there (as the case may be), on account of shortness 
of provisions in camp; and directions for convoy of 
provision train. 94 

14 Minutes of council of war, touching scarcity of provis- 
Lake George ions, measures to be adopted with reference to rein 
forcements, and plunder taken at engagement on 
September 8. 95 

14 Pteter] W[raxall], aide-de-camp, to Col. Ruggles, in 
structions about Massachusetts reinforcements at Fort 
Edward, forwarding and care of provisions, permission 
to go to Boston, dispatches, etc. 96 

14 [Gen. Johnson] to commanding officer at Fort Edward, 
Lake George orders about road repairs, garrison, Massachusetts re 
inforcements, weekly returns of garrison, Blanchard the 
French deserter and other deserters. 97 

Petition of officers of the late Col. Williams's regiment, 
soliciting the appointment of Col. Pomeroy to fill the 
vacancy, and the filling of other vacancies, as far as 
practicable, from the regiment; indorsed with list of 
vacancies. 98 



Oct. 14 Col. Eliphalet Dyer's return of " wantage " of ammuni- 
Lake George tion in his regiment. 3:99 

Account of deficiency of arms and ammunition in Col. 

Elihu Chauncey's regiment. 100 

14 Col. William Cockcroft, petition in behalf of regiment, 
Lake George that justice may be done in reference to plunder taken 

in engagement of September 8. 101 

16 Minutes of Council, respecting supply of bread for the 
Albany army. 102 

1 6 Pteter] W[raxall], aide-de-camp, to Lieut. Col. Gilbert, 
Lake George orders about officers in command and vacancies in regi 
ment. 103 

16 Testimony of Honorie Blanchard, a deserter from the 

French, as to force of French in late engagement and 
present strength and defenses. 104 

17 Capt. (Engineer) William Eyre, plan and directions for 

completing Fort Edward. 106 

18 Minutes of council of war with action on granting leave 
Lake George of absence to commissioned officers and completing flat- 
bottomed boats. 105 

18 Gen. Johnson to Maj. Gen. Lyman, requesting him to 

Lake George preside at council of war and submitting questions of 

aggressive campaign, return of a part of the army to 

Albany and the granting of leave of absence to officers. 107 

18 Pteter] W[raxall], aide-de-camp, to Moses Emerson and 

Lake George other commissaries at Albany, receipt for axes and 

order for augers. 108 

18 Same to Lieut. Col. Gilbert at Fort Edward, acknowl- 
Lake George edging receipt of letter, giving orders about French 
deserters and mentioning commissions filled and sent 
herewith. lo8a 

1 8 Gen. Johnson to Capt. Samuel Howe, order to repair 
Lake George rO ad near Fort Edward. 109 

18 Sybrant G. Van Schaick to [Gen. Johnson], about cannon 
Albany a nd s hot to be sent to camp. HO 

18 Surgeon Thomas Williams about Col. Pomeroy's indis- 
Lake George position. Ill 

18 Proceedings of court of inquiry near Lake George, on 

conduct of officers sent as scouts. '. 112 

1 8 Gw. Banyar to [Gen. Johnson], suggestions and specula- 
Albany tions about compaign. 113 

18 Aaron Hitchcock to Col. Nichols, officer of the day, report 
Lake George o f guard at head of Gen. Lyman's regiment. 114 

19,20 Return of the troops at Lake George. 23:195 

Lake George 

20 Gen. Johnson to Capt. Doolittle, orders to reconnoiter 
Lake George nea r Carrying Place and Tionderogo. 3:115 



Oct. 20 Minutes of council of war, at which letters from Gov. 

Lake George Hardy, Gov. Fitch, Col. Oliver Partridge and Col. 

Peter Gilman were submitted and a report thereon was 

prepared, returning reasons why the advance on Crown 

Point can not be made this season. . 3:116 

20 [Gen. Johnson] to Gov. Fitch, concerning proceedings of 
Lake George late council of war, information by deserters and scouts, 

amount of provisions in camp, infamous character of 
Ezekiel Pcirce and insubordination of army, arising in 
part from its " democratical fabric." 117 

21 Benjamin Green to [name not given], extract concerning 
Halifax detection of French scheme of capturing the town and 

putting inhabitants and troops to death. 118 

Pelatiah Bliss and Amos Putnam, certificate of Col. Seth 
Pomeroy's continued illness and need of removal from 
camp. up 

21 Gw. Banyar, about testimony of four French deserters, 
Albany employment of Indians against French settlements, en 
campment of regulars, Col. Ellison's illness, etc. 120 

22 Capt. Robert Rodgers, report of scout to Crown Point 
George] an d Tianarago; signed also by Jonathan Buterfeild 

[Lake and Israel Putnam. [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 4:260-70; Q, 

4:175] 122 

22 [Gen. Johnson] to Oliver Partridge on proceedings of 
Lake George council of war, dispatches, want of provisions. 123 

22 Same to Sybrant G. Van Schaik, [Albany], about trans- 
Lake George portation of shot from "the Half Moon." " 125 

22 Same to Col. Peter Gilman, [Albany], orders for New 
Lake George Hampshire reinforcements at Albany. I25a 

22 Same to Gen. Shirley, about intelligence gained by spies 
Lake George anc i French deserters, actions of councils of war and 

returns of army in camp. 126 

22 [Gen. Johnson] to Gov. Fitch, about dispatches, obstacles 
Lake George to the expedition, justice to Connecticut troops, site of 

fort at Lake George. 127 

22 [Gen. Johnson] to Gov. Hardy, mentioning French de- 
Lake George serters, disobedience of orders by officers in charge of 
them, number of men fit for duty and at work on the 
fort, disobedience of orders in regard to it, Gen. 
Lyman's opposition to the fort, houses for reinforce 
ments, memory of Capt. McGinnis, his successor, Capt. 
Morris's account of Indians, Dr Ascough's attendance 
on wounded Indians, intelligence by deserters and 
scouts, action of council of war, garrisons of regulars, 
Baron Dieskau's letters, mortality in camp, return of 
pain in head. 128 



Oct. 22 [Gen. Johnson] to Gov. Phipps, about Col. Richard 

Lake George Gridley's arrival and good character, information by 

deserters and scouts, council of war minutes, sickness, 

bad roads, etc. 3:129 

23 Pelatiah Bliss and Timothy Warner's certificate of Lieut. 

Lake George James Tracy's sickness, with Gen. Lyman's permit to 

go home. I2a 

23 James Brown, announcing a present of 12 cattle from his 
Bridge parishioners, and declaring a warm interest in the suc- 

Hampton, cess o f the expedition. 130 

L. I. 

24 [Gen. Johnson] to Gov. Hardy on building ferry boat at 
Lake George Seraghtoga, Col. Gridley's commanding at Fort Edward 

and repairing road, arrival of Mr Butler with a few 
Mohocks, homesickness of troops and Indians, proposed 
scalping expeditions into Canada, promotion of Mr 
Richardson, etc. 131 

24 Thomas Gilbert's receipt for cannon. 132 

Fort Edward 

24 [Gen. Johnson] to Gov. Charles Lawrence, with thanks 
Lake George for honorable mention, statement of present obstacles 
to progress in the expedition, forts in process of erec 
tion, healing of wound, recent sickness, Capt. Wraxall's 
regards to Admiral Boscawen. 134 

24 Thomas Gilbert to captain of guard, order to take into 

Fort Edward custody Abraham Loucket. I34a 

25 Surgeon Thomas Williams, certificate of sickness of 
Lake George Corporal Ebenezer Moulton, Oliver Cole and Sergeant 

Hill. 136 

26 Proceedings of regimental court martial for trial of 

Abraham Loucket. I34& 

26 Capt. Doolittle, report of scouts to Crown Point and 

Tiondarogo. Also a list of names on back without 
explanation. [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 4:270-71; Q, 4:175-76] 133 

27 Stephen Miller's report as field officer of the day. 135 
Lake George 

Jelles Fonda and Philip Lansing; return of bateaux. 137 

27 Minutes of court of inquiry, convicting Lieut. Asa Noble, 
Lake George charged with mutiny and plunder. 138 

27 Gw. Banyar to [Gen. Johnson], accusing council of war 
Albany an d army of disinclination to go forward, Rogers and 

other scouts of falsehood, urging completion of forts 
to secure what has been gained, belittling Gen. Lyman's 
opinion and giving news. 139 

27 Duplicate of No. 138. 140 

27 Minutes of court of inquiry, investigation and acquittal 
Fort Edwar 1 m case of Joseph Gilbert, accused of discharging his 

gun, thereby killing and wounding several persons. 141 



Oct. 27 Nathan Dwight, asking that Stephen Davis may return 
Lake George home on account of destitution of family. 3:142 

Amos Putnam and John Calef s certificate of sickness of 
Lieut. Ephm Hail [Hale]. I42a 

27 Report of Massachusetts Bay in favor of prosecuting the 

Crown Point expedition with resolution and dispatch. 143 

28 Joseph Park, William Throop, and Thomas Paine to 
Southold, Generals Johnson and Lyman, expressing prayerful 

L. I. interest in the expedition, and announcing donation of 

sheep, cheese and clothing from their parishioners. 144 

28 Peter Wraxall, aide-de-camp, to Moses Emerson and 
Lake George other commissaries at Albany, order for nails. 145 

28 Minutes of court of inquiry in relation to disorderly con- 
Lake George duct of Dr Peter Middleton. 146 

28 Col. Ichd. Plaisted's report of arms and ammunition in 
Lake George regiment. 147 

28 Col. Nathan Whiting, report of ammunition in regiment. 148 
Lake George 

28 [Capt. ?] Thomas Gage's report of ammunition in Col. 

Lake George Willard's regiment. I4<> 

29 [Gen. Johnson] to Capt. Rodgers, orders for scouting. 150 
Lake George- 

29 James Reed, report of scouts. [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 4:271; 

Q, 4:176] 15' 

Dr Peter Middleton, asking leave to defend himself in 
Lake George writing or to be heard by a new and impartial court. 167 

30 Minutes of council of war as to propriety of an attack 
Lake George on Tionderogo and dismissal of the New Hampshire 

reinforcements. 152 

30 Gen. Johnson to Col. [Richard] Gridley, Fort Edward, 
Lake George about Joseph Gilbert's trial, Lieut. Col. Gilbert's list 

of officers to be commissioned, bread, furloughs, com 
pletion of fort. 154 

Peter Middleton, asking copy of the proceedings of court 
of inquiry. 176 

Peter Middleton, protesting against finding of late court 
of inquiry, and asking that he may be heard by a 
more impartial one. 161 

31 Josiah Stanley, asking a furlough of 25 days. 153 
Fort Edward 

31 [Gen. Johnson] orders to commanding officers at Albany, 
Lake George to furnish guard for Lieut. Gov. Pownall, of New 

Jersey, as far as Fort Edward. 155 

31 [Gen. Johnson] to Capt. Angel, orders about reconnoiter- 
Lake George ing near Carrying Place. 156 

31 [Gen. Johnson] to Col. Gridley, Fort Edward, about 
Lake George forwarding trowels and hammers, sale of arms of 
French deserters for their benefit and guard for Lieut. 
Gov. Pownall from Fort Edward. 157 



Oct. 31 Same, orders to commander of Massachusetts reinforce- 
Lake George merits at Albany to expedite movement of wagons at 

Seraghtoga. 3:158 

31 Gov. Fitch, about resolve of Assembly for discharging 
New Haven troops. 159 

31 Gen. Johnson to Gov. Hardy, sending minutes of council 

Lake George o f war and report of scouts, presenting objections 

of council to an attack on the advanced encampment 

near Ticonderoga and to ordering any troops down to 

Albany, also mentioning progress of forts, garrisons, 

arms of deserters, Capt. Rodgers, bullets, flints and 

Indians in camp. 162 

Connecticut resolve, dismissing troops no longer needed 

for Crown Point expedition. 160 

Nov. i [Gen. Johnson] to Gov. Hopkins, Rhode Island, excusing 
Lake George himself for delay in writing, disclaiming responsibility 
for disappointment to provincial expectations, and dis 
coursing on the declining spirit of the army, forts, late 
visit of Gov. Hopkins's son to camp and the high worth 
of Col. Cole. 163 

i Abraham Lansing about court martial proceedings. 164 

Fort Edward 

1 Capt. Henry Babcock and Lieuts. Henry Van Schaack 
Lake George and William Hunter to [Gen. Johnson], complaining 

against Col. Dyer for slanderous assertions; also 
against Lieut. Isaacs for "a most gross affront." 165 

2 Roger Billings, report of scouts. [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 

Lake George 4 1274; Q, 4 1177] 166 

2 [Gen. Johnson] to Capt. Rodgers, about attacking en 
campment near Tionderogo. 168 
2 [Gen. Johnson] to Capt. Billings, orders to same effect. i68a 
2 George Muirson, announcing present of fat cattle, stock- 
New York i n g s anc i mittens by people of Suffolk county and 

offering good wishes. 169 

2 [Gen. Johnson] to Moses Emerson and other commis- 
Lake George saries at Albany, about lack of supplies (bread and 
rum) and need of utmost exertion to supply the 
army. 170 

2 [Gen. Johnson] to Col. Gridley, with directions to for- 

Lake George ward inclosed letter to commissaries. I7oa 

3 Samuel Angell, report of scout along Lake George. 

Lake George [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 4:274-75; Q, 4:178] 171 

3 Capt. Robert Rodgers, report of scouts down Lake 
Lake George George, and brisk engagement ; signed by Israel Putnam 

and Noah Grant. [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 4:272-73; Q, 
4:176-77! 172 

4 Gen. Johnson's warrant for a rehearing of the case of Dr 

Lake George Middleton by court of inquiry. 173 



Nov. 4 Minutes of council of war, consideration of points re- 
Lake George sumed and postponed. 3:174 

4 [Gen. Johnson] to Gov. Wentworth, complimenting Col. 

Lake George Blanchard's regiment and considering lack of supplies, 

proper disposition of New Hampshire reinforcements, 

fort in progress, obstacles and substantial result of 

campaign. 175 

4 Gw. Banyar, about Gen. Shirley's commission from Eng- 

Albany land, necessity of harmony among those in command, 

news of naval occurrences. 177 

4 Same, about recourse to council of war, Gen. [Shirley's] 
Albany barracks at Albany, a company at Mount Johnson, Mr 

P[ownall]'s scheme of fort at Sacomdage, garrisons of 
regulars, presents for Indians, Gov. Hardy, supplies, 
care of stores and barrels. 178 

5 [Gen. Johnson] to Col. Thatcher, Albany, orders about 

Lake George convoys, furloughs and troops at Scraghtoga. 179 

5 [Gen. Johnson] to Col. Gridley, about illness of latter, 
Lake George wagons, enemy's triumph in taking a scalp, guards, 
spoils of war, Gov. Phipps's orders, complaint regard 
ing surgeon. 183 
5 Moses Emerson, about nails, augers, wagons, bread and 
Albany borrowed provisions. 184 

5 [Gen. Johnson] to Gov. Hardy, inclosing affidavit of two 
Lake George wagoners and giving judgment of council concerning 

matters attested. 185 

5 Peter Middleton, protesting against ruling of court of 

inquiry and asking a new one. 186 

6 Capt. Ichabod Phelps's report regarding deserters in 

Lake George charge. 180 

6 Richard Smith, return of military stores. 23:196 

Lake George 

6 Maj. Christopher Champlin, report of main and camp 

guards. 3:181 

7 [Gen. Johnson] to Col. Gridley, on court of inquiry, cus- 
Lake George tody of Lieut. Col. Gilbert, returns of garrisons and 

military stores for Gen. Shirley, continued work on 

forts, naming of that at Lake George (William Henry). 182 

7 [Gen. Johnson] to Gen. Shirley, giving list of papers 
Lake George S en,t, with account of Fort William Henry and recon- 

noitering parties. 187 

8 Michael Thodey, report of scout toward Wood Creek. 

Lake George [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 4:277; Q, 4:179] l88 

8 James Connor's report of inspection of enemy's advance 
Lake George guard. [Taken by Peter Wraxall] [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 

4:276; Q, 4:178-79] 189 



Nov. 8 Minutes of council of war touching dismissal of Con- 
Lake George necticut and Ne.w Hampshire troops and movement 

against enemy. 3:190 

9 Philip Lansingh, report of guards. . 194 

Lake George 

9 Gen. Johnson to Baron Dieskau, mentioning reasons for 
Lake George delaying to write, gratification at Baron's prospect of 
recovery, skill and politeness of physician, intended 
visit to New York and to Baron Dieskau, Capt. Eyre's 
ill health, best wishes. 191 

9 Same to Dr Magra, about Baron Dieskau. I9ia 

9 Same to Gen. Shirley, congratulating him on receipt of 
Lake George commission as commander in chief, mentioning dis 
patches and council of war, suggesting regulars for 
garrison duty, avowing preference for the superin 
tendence of Indian affairs to the retention of a military 
commission, describing sickness of Capt. Eyre and mu 
tiny of Connecticut troops and referring to Gen. Shirley 
Maj. Hoare's complaint against Lieut. Col. Gilbert. 192 

10 [Gen. Johnson] to commissary Emerson, Albany, about 

Lake George supplies of bread, padlocks etc. 193 

11 Report of Indian scouts, Hendrick and Nicklas, after 

observations near Tiyondarog. [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 
4:278; Q, 4:180] 195 

ii [Gen. Johnson] to Col. Gridley, about mutiny of party of 
Lake George New York soldiers, with orders to take tliem prisoners 

if practicable. 196 

ii [Gen. Johnson] to commanders at Albany, orders to 
Lake George march to east side of lake to meet enemy. 197 

ii Gw. Banyar to [Gen. Johnson], on Shirley's commission, 
Albany Johnson's Indian commission, differences of Johnson 

and Shirley, spirit of the army, loss of letter by bearer, 
useful service of Capt. Rogers, roads from Carrying 
Place to South Bay, etc. 198 

ii [Gen. Johnson] to Gen. Shirley about reports of enemy 
Lake George on eas t s ide of Lake George and orders issued. 199 

11 Same to Col. Gridley, on nearness of enemy and need of 

Lake George good management. 200 

12 Gw. Banyar, about expected arrival of commissioners [at 
Albany Albany], guards to accompany supplies and cover the 

country, inconsistency of council of war in detaining 
all the troops while in need of provisions, and trans 
portation of food. 201 
12 Rondadikas and three other Indians, to [Arent] Stevens, 
Conajoharie stating threat of French governor against the Oneidas 
on account of capture of Gen. Dieskau, and asking the 
protection of a fort. 202 




Nov. 12 [Gen. Johnson] to Gen. Shirley, reporting conflicting 
Lake George opinions of Capt. Rodgers and an Indian scout regard 
ing position of enemy, the departure of new scouting 
parties to ascertain the truth, desire of officers for aid 
of regulars to garrison forts, etc. 3:203 

12 [Gen. Johnson] to Col. Gridley, about contradictory tes- 
Lake George timony of Rodgers and Indians, with orders to for 
ward dispatches and be on alert. 204 

13 Sergeant Thompson and Connor's report of scout. [Doc. 

Hist. N. Y. 4:279; Q, 4:180] 205 

13 Lieut. Peiter Becker, report of scout to eastward. [Doc. 

Hist. N. Y. 4:278; Q, 4:180] 206 

13 Minutes of council of war, about entrenchment around 
Lake George Fort William Henry and dispatches to Albany. 207 

13 [Gen. Johnson] to Gen. Shirley regarding information 
Lake George given by scouts. 208 

13 Gen. Shirley, about advices and reinforcements for sup- 
Albany port of army in present emergency. 209 

13 [Gen. Johnson's] orders to reinforcements to hasten their 
Lake George march from Albany to camp. 210 

15 Gen. Shirley, asking for news at the earliest moment, 
Albany a nd declining to accept Gen. Johnson's resignation dur 

ing the campaign. 213 

15 Minutes of conference with Oneida Indians concerning 
Albany application for a fort, containing a reply to Oneidas 

from Gen. Shirley. 214 

15 [Gen. Johnson] to Gen. Shirley, about reports by return- 
Lake George ing scouts, removal of artillery and stores to the new 
fort (William Henry), expiring term of enlistment of 
Connecticut troops, etc. 215 

15 J. C. Maine to Capt. Wraxall, asking to be released from 
Fort Edward custody. 2l6 

15 [Gen. Johnson] to Col. Gridley, orders to forward dis- 
Lakc George patches and guard against the capture of any prisoners 

by the French. Order regarding provisions to Capt. 
Thoody on back of ms; dated the i6th. 218 

16 [Gen. Johnson] to Lieut. Rodgers, orders to go to Ti- 
Lake George onderago and Crown Point to reconnoiter those posts. 

[Doc. Hist. N. Y. 4:281; Q, 4:182] 217 

16 Same to Col. Gridley about Maine's case, lack of news 
Lake George by scouts, guards. 219 

1 6 Same to Gov. Hardy about reports of scouts, informa- 
Lake George tion from Canada brought by Onondaga Indian, in 
ability to devote time to Indian affairs, and proposal 
to send militia. 220 

16 Same to Gen. Shirley on subject of scouts. 221 

Lake George 



Nov. 1 6 [Gen. Johnson] to Capt. Putnam, orders to latter as 

Lake George scout to Ticonderoga. 3:222 

17 Lieut. David Waterbury's report of scouting expedition. 

[Doc. Hist. N. Y. 4:280-81; Q, 4:181-82] 211 

17 Capt. Eliphalet Fales's report, as scout. [Doc. Hist. 

N. Y. 4:283; Q,4:i83] 223 

17 Minutes of court of inquiry in case of Matthew Bright 
Fort Edward and six others, accused of deserting fort on Lord's day 
and using disrespectful and profane language; with the 
several punishments adjudged. 224 

17 Testimony of George Braman against a prisoner by name 
Fort Edward o f " Whetmore." 225 

17 Minutes of a council of governors and commissioners, 
Albany a t which an advance of the army under Gen. Johnson 

is recommended. 226 

17 [Gen. Johnson] to Gen. Shirley and Gov. Hardy about 
Lake George refusal of Connecticut troops to serve longer and like 

disposition of New York and Massachusetts men. 227 

17 William Alexander, inclosing minutes of council [3:226] 
Albany an( j asking report of action thereon. 229 

18 Israel Putnam and Stephen Schuyler's report o* scout to 

South Bay. [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 4:279-80; Q, 4:181] 212 

18 Gen. Johnson to inhabitants of Suffolk county, acknowl- 
Lake George edging receipt of donation of fat cattle, also note to 

George Muirson, high sheriff [3:169]. 230 

18 Minutes of council of war, held to concert measures for 
Lake George garrisoning Forts Edward and William Henry, in view 

of purpose of Connecticut troops to leave. 231 

18 Gen. Shirley, inquiring what number of men, what artil- 
Albany j e ry and boats are needed in a further advance against 

the enemy. 232 

18 Gen. Johnson to Capt. Billings, orders to convoy wagons 
Lake George to and from Albany. 233 

18 [Gen. Johnson] to [Gen. Shirley and Gov. Hardy] about 
Lake George scouts and bounty for capture of a French prisoner. 234 

18 [Gen. Johnson] to Gen. Shirley, concerning council of war 
Lake George proceedings, fort at Oneida, and returns of army. 235 

18 [Gen. Johnson] to Gov. Hardy, inclosing minutes etc. 236 

Lake George 

18 J. C. Maine, guard room, to Col. Richard Gridley, entreat- 
[Fort ing pardon. 237 


18 [Gen. Johnson] to Col. Gridley about relief from recent 
Lake George alarm and official misconduct of Lieut. Col. Gilbert. 238 

18 Gen. Shirley, communicating intelligence of proposed visit 
Albany of commissioners to the camp. 239 




Nov. 18 Gw. Banyar to [Gen. Johnson] about late council pro- 
Albany ceedings, garrisons of forts, promotion of Capt. Brad- 
street, Jersey troops, the Indian fund, contrasting 
merits of Johnson's and Shirley's expeditions, appointed 
meeting of governors, Indian presents, Oneida fort, 
road from Fort Edward to Wood Creek, and road sug 
gested for avoiding Tionderoge and reaching Crown 

19 Sergeant John Freeman, report of scout. 
Lake George 

19 Minutes of council of war, with action relative to the 
Lake George distribution of oxen donated by inhabitants of Suffolk 
county, and acknowledgment of the gift. 

19 James Minot, in behalf of Massachusetts commissioners, 
Albany advising that a force be sent to guard wagons. 

20 Minutes of council of war, held to consider the need of 
Lake George strengthening the detachment employed to guard the 

supply trains from Albany. 

21 [Lieut. Gov. Thomas Pownall], introducing Mr Van 
Albany Schaik, commissioned to explore country between Hud 
son river and Crown Point, with additional remarks on 
Indian affairs, etc. [Mutilated] 

21 Stephen Webster and Philip Combes's report as to number 
Lake George o f boats fit for use. 

Gen. Johnson to Maj. Gen. Lyman, requesting his presence 
at a council of war. 

21 Minutes of council of war called to consider the proposed 
Lake George movement against Ticonderoga [3:226, 232]. 

22 Minutes of council of war [continued from 248] giving 

reasons against attack on Tionderoger : state of weather, 
reduced health and spirits of army, want of boats and 

Gw. Banyar, in behalf of Gov. Hardy, directing care of 
boats and asking Johnson to report in person at New 
York the results of conference with Indians. 

Same, about Gov. Hardy, Indian affairs, etc. 






Myndert Wempel, about news of victory of September 8, 
French machinations among the Indians and need of 
presents with which to oppose them. 
Gen. Johnson to Capt. , orders to convoy provision 

train from Albany. 

22 [Gen. Johnson] to Col. Gridley about donation of cattle, 
Lake George accounting for ammunition, custody of Maine (under 
arrest), sentence on prisoners, dispatch to Gen. Shirley 
and garrison of Fort Edward. 











Nov. 22 O. Partridge to , asking for escort for commis 
sioners on way to Fort Edward. Samuel N. Nelson to 

, reasons for not sending above escort. 3:252 

22 [Gen. Johnson] to Gen. Shirley and Gov. Hardy, inclosing 
Lake George minutes of council of war ; and stating reluctance of the 

soldiers to perform military service. 253 

22 Gov. Charles Hardy's orders to Gen. Johnson, or next 
Albany commanding officer of Albany militia, for putting regi 
ment in readiness to march in emergency. 23:197 

23 W. Shirley and Charles Hardy to commanders of Forts 
Albany Edward and William Henry, orders to furnish guard 

for engineers sent to survey lands in vicinity of Fort 
Edward. 3 '.254 

23 Gen. Johnson to Col. Gridley, orders to acquaint the com 

missioners of the colonies with the necessity for their 
presence as the troops threaten to leave for home. 2502 

24 Minutes of council of war attended by Massachusetts, 
Fort William Connecticut and New York commissioners, held to con- 
Henry sider what number of troops are needed to garrison 

Forts Edward and William Henry. 255 

25 Further action, relative to officers and supplies for such 

garrisons. 255 

25 Capt. William Eyre's instructions in case of artillery 
Lake George attack on Fort William Henry, providing against 
various plans of siege; also directions for repelling a 
storming party. 258 

25 Richard Rodgers and Daniel Claus, report as scouts to 

Diontarogo and Crown Point. [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 
4:281-83; Q, 4:182-83] 256 

26 Council's recommendation of the appointment of another 

major for garrison duty. 255 

26 Gen. Johnson to Col. Jonathan Bagley, instructions to 
Lake George latter as commander of Fort William Henry. 257 

26 Gen. Shirley, requesting Johnpon to meet him in New 
Albany York at an early day. 259 

27 Dr Shuckburgh to [Gen. Johnson], discussing manage- 
New York ment of Indian affairs, advisability of writing to 

ministry, mentioning appointments at court, death of 
Capt. John Shirley, son of Gen. Shirley, health of 
Baron Dieskau, character of his aide, good qualities 
of Col. Cole, the glorious success of September 8, 
nature of envy, etc. 260 

28 Minutes of council of war held to consider expediency of 

Fort Edward furnishing an escort for engineering party. 261 

28 Gen. Johnson to Gen. Shirley about meeting the latter in 

Fort Edward New York and progress of barracks in the two forts. 262 

28 Same to Lieut. Col. Nathan Whiting, instructions to same 

Fort Edward as commander of Fort Edward. 263 



Nov. 29 Lieut Col. Nathan Whiting, giving returns of the gar- 
Fort Edward rison, statement of deficiencies, asking commission for 
[Ebenezer?] Dyer as fort major, and furlough for him 

Dec. 2 [Gen. Johnson] to the several governors, announcing the 
Albany close of the campaign, acknowledging the divine inter 

position and aid in defeating the counsels of the French, 
stating the impracticability of a further advance, making 
honorable mention of Captains Wraxall, Eyre and 
Glazier, and formally resigning his command ; also 
offering advice relative to the garrisons and mentioning 
returns transmitted. 
2 Duplicate of 265. 

2 Capt. William Eyre to commander of Fort Edward, 
Albany directions to be observed in case of attack. 

3 Colden & Kelly, touching shipment of articles ordered, 
New York suspension of correspondence, reception on arrival at 

New York, and conveying compliments. 

3 Gov. Morris to Gen. Shirley (extract), writing of bar- 
Philadelphia barities and threats of the Delawares and Shawonese, 
policy of the French, good disposition of Susquehanna 
Indians and propriety of enlisting them and the southern 
Indians in the English cause. 

5 Myndert Wympel, about Indian raid on English, settlers. 
Senecas' [In Dutch] 


Gen. Johnson to Lieut Col. Whiting, Fort Edward, about 
Fort Johnson commissions for officers and relief of garrison and con 
veying good wishes. 

7 [Gen. Johnson] to Gov. Hardy about Indian affairs. 
Fort Johnson 

8 Gw. Banyar and Peter Wraxall, urging Johnson to 
New York come to New York. 

8 Gen. Johnson to Capt. Hendrick Fry jr, orders to with- 
Fort Johnson draw garrison and deliver ammunition to Indians. 

9 Gw. Banyar, repeating request of No. 272, with addi- 
NewYork tional reasons. 

9 John Watts, about Gilbert Marselis's receipt, a money 
New York transaction, Mr Wraxall and recent military affairs. 

Gen. Johnson's memorandum of information furnished by 
Arent Stevens and James Glen as to efforts of Shirley's 
agents to influence the Six Nations. 
10 John Watts about pecuniary transactions. 
New York 





23.: 198 






23 :aoi 


Dec. 10 Gen. Shirley, instructions relative to council of Six 

New York Nations, extension of Anglo-Indian alliance, com 
pletion of fort in Oneida country and coming con 
ference with Indians at Oswego. [Doc. rel. to Col. 
Hist. N. Y. 6:1026-27] 

10 Francis Wade, applying for a commission in one of the 
Philad* regiments about to be raised. 

11 Board of Trade to his Majesty (drawn up at Whitehall, 
London signed by Dunk Halifax, J. Pitt, James Oswald and 

Andrew Stone), adverse report on proposal of Thomas 
Penn and his brother to grant lands purchased of Six 
Nations to officers and soldiers. [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 
2:704-7; Q, 2:410-12] 

18 [Gen. Johnson] to Board of Trade about Indian affairs, 
containing protest against Shirley's order to meet him 
at New York or Boston. [N. Y. Col. Mss, 82:37 and 
Doc. Hist. N. Y. 2:708; Q, 2:412-13 and Doc. rel. to 
Col Hist. N. Y. 6:1023-24] 

20 Same to Col. Bagley, Fort William Henry, about service 
Fort Johnson o f Indians, treatment of, when intoxicated, etc. 

Nondescript list of names, Bentincks, Yorks, Amhursts 

23 Gen. Johnson in account with Casper Springsteen and 
Albany affidavit of latter executed before Sybrant G. Van 

Schaick, recorder of Albany. 

24 Gen. Shirley, instructions for engaging the Susquehanna 
New York Indians in the British service. [Doc. rel. to Col. Hist. 

N. Y. 7:10] 

24 Same, letter accompanying No. 9, asking immediate reply 
New York and assurance of purpose to obey instructions. 

His Majesty's eighth instruction to Gen. Shirley, relative 
to cultivating friendship of Indians. [Copy certified by 
William Alexander and accompanying No. 10] 
Examination of Francis Beau jour, a French deserter. 

frort Edward 


Jan. 3 

New York 

Directions for household affairs each day. [Not intended 
for the camp. No date] 

Richard Peters to , reporting recent success of 

hostile Indians, discussing policy of the province and 
requesting Gen. Shirley's good offices to enlist aid of 
Six Nations and southern Indians. 

[Gen. Johnson] to Gen. Shirley, excusing failure to reply 
and declining a new commission for Indian affairs, old 
one being in force. [Doc. rel. to Col. Hist. N. Y. 7:11] 





23 :202 




Jan. 5 

New ork 


Fort Edward 

New York 


New York 

New York 







M. Bernier, in behalf of M. Le B. De Dieskau, to [Gen. 
Johnson], asking him to indicate manner in which 
money lent the baron by Johnson can be repaid. [In 
French] 4:18 

Samuel Blodget, presenting a book written from a journal 
of the late campaign. 17 

Gen. Shirley, instructions for Indian conference at Fort 
Johnson, in which are mentioned his succession to Gen. 
Braddock, cruelties of the Shawanese and Delawares, 
his desire to meet the Six Nations at Oswego, his pur 
pose to protect them and the purpose of the English to 
punish persistence of the Delawares in their crimes; 
also instructions for particular duties of the Indian 
superintendency. 23 : 1 77 

Col. Whiting to Gen. Johnson, at New York, about com 
missions, garrison, lack of supplies, progress of build 
ing, examination of French deserters, etc. 4I4 

Gen. Shirley to James Stevenson, Albany, order to deliver 
to Gov. Hardy clothing furnished by Pennsylvania for 
soldiers. Followed by Gov. Hardy's order to Stevenson 
to deliver same to Gen. Johnson for troops at Forts 
Edward and William Henry. 23 1203 

Gen. Johnson to Capt. David Blauvelt, Orange Town, 
thanks for gift of coats to troops under his command. 178 

Gen. Shirley, instructions relative to intended conference 
with sachems and warriors, and to various duties under 
Johnson's commission (accompanying speech to be de 
livered to Indians). Same as 23:177, with additions 
relative to trade and missionaries. 4:19 

Same, speech to Indians of Six Nations, calling on them 
to punish Pennsylvania Indians for border outrages 
(communicated through Johnson). 12 

Rev. Jtohn] Cthristopher] Hartwick, proposing a plan 
for better defending and governing the provincial 
frontiers. [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 4:294-96; Q, 4:191-92] 20 

Same, to Abraham and Paulus Petersen and other Mo 
hawks, congratulation, consolation on account of their 
loss and counsel in regard to future conduct, with re 
quest for signatures to petition. [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 
4:296-98; Q, 4:192-93] 21 

Mohawk chiefs and others to King George 2, commending 
Mr Hartwick's plan of defense and petitioning that 
tract of land sold to him by the Mohawks may be 
granted him by the Crown. [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 4:298- 
30i; Q, 4:193-95] 22 

J. C. Hartwick, declaring gratitude for favors and pray 
ing for his patron's prosperity. 23 




Jan. 17 
New York 




New York 


Fort William 


[Gen. Johnson] to Lords of Trade, declaring injury to 
Indian service from interference of unauthorized agents 
(Shirley's) and need of a fixed fund for service, 
mentioning enemies and congratulating himself on the 
approval of the board, asserting the need of provincial 
legislation to annul unjust land patents, introducing his 
personal expenses and sacrifices for the service, com 
mending secretary for Indian affairs and asking that 
he and Mr Wraxall may act he.-eafter under special 
royal commissions. [N. Y. Col. Mss, 82:58 and Doc. 
Hist. N. Y. 2:644-48; Q, 2:376^-78 and Doc. rel. to 
Col. Hist. N. Y. 7:7-9] 

Mindert Wemple, about Frenchmen, goods and scarcity 
of food. 

Petition of corporation of Kingston for [Johnson's] good 
offices with the Mohawks, to stay the barbarities of 
Delawares and Shawanese at Minisink and along the 
Delaware. (Signed by A. Gaasbeck Chambers and 
eight others) 

Gen. Johnson to Baron Dieskau, testifying appreciation 
and gratitude for the gift of a sword. 

B. Glasier to Capt. R. Rodgers, orders to reconnoiter 
Crown Point. [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 4:283-84; Q, 4:183] 


Boleyn Whitney to [Gen. Johnson], congratulations on 
victory, news from home and recommendation of Capt. 
Mansel to favor. 

Richard Peters, asking that copy of Indian conference 
proceedings may be sent to Gov. Morris, questioning 
story of murder of Senecas by Pennsylvanians, praising 
Andrew Montour and his wife, and mentioning rumor 
of an alliance between Virginia and the Cherokees. 
Capt. William Eyre, congratulations on baronetcy, with 

comment on Boston enemies. 

Gw. Banyar to [Gen. Johnson] about union of Susque- 
hanahs with Six Nations, condition of Oswego, news 
from England, the baronetcy, etc. 

4 Gov. Hardy, about threatened attack on Oswego, lack of 

Fort George provisions at that post, failure of commissaries and 

New York surveyors, need of scouts, Pennsylvania ravages and 

Iroquois influence. 

[6] Capt. Robert Rodgers's report of movements about Crown 
Fort William Point, capture of prisoner, burning of French village 
Henry and destruction of cattle, horses and hogs. [Doc. Hist. 

N. Y. 4:284-85; Q, 4:184] 

Feb. 2 


New York 

New York 


23 :204 






Dec. 7, 1755 Conferences between Gen. Johnson and the Indians, 
to Feb. 28, Woe. rel to Col Hist. N. Y. 7'44~74] 


Dec. 7 Gen. Johnson's speech at meeting of the Mohawks, 
Fort Johnson Oneidas, Tuscaroras and Senecas, concerning bar 
barities committed by Delawares and other de 
pendents of the Six Nations. Their answer. 

26 Segwareesara, Tuscarora chief, at meeting of Mo 

hawks, Oneidas and Tuscaroras, to Gen. Johnson, 
acknowledging benefits received. 
Kanaghquiesa, Oneida, to same, promising to use in 
fluence with dependent nations. 

27 Rev. Gideon Hawley, giving Delawares' account of 
Onoghqua- the quarrel between the English and themselves and 

gey their demand for release of captives held by the 

Jan. 29 Thomas's speech to Gen. Johnson in behalf of Susque- 

Fortjohnson hanna tribes and Tuscaroras. 
Feb. 2 Gen. Johnson's answer to the above through Can- 

adagaia, a Mohawk chief. 
2 Adams's speech to Gen. Johnson in behalf of the 

several tribes on and about the Susquehanna. 
6 Gen. Johnson's memorandum about courier sent to 

Six Nations. 
9 Memorandum about courier (Jacobus Clement). 

11 Memorandum regarding arrival of Onondagas and 

Caiyougas and invitation from Mohawks to attend 
meeting of condolence. 

12 Memorandum regarding arrival of Senecas. 

13 Memorandum regarding arrival of other Senecas. 

14 Memorandum concerning visit of Tuscaroras and 


16 Kanaghquesa's speech to Gen. Johnson excusing 

delay and asking cool deliberation. 

17 Gen. Johnson's speech in answer to the above of 
December 26, 1755, in which he congratulates 
Oneidas on recovery of their senses, and prom 
ises to build fort. 

17 Gen. Johnson's answer to the last speaker. 

18 Speech of Abraham (Hendrick's brother) to Gen. 

Johnson about protection of Mohawk country. 
Reply of the latter. 

18 Gen. Johnson to council of Six Nations and their 

allies, words of condolence, with gifts of belts, for 
losses in a recent fight with the English (accom 
panied by delivery of six Frenchmen for adoption 
in Six Nations). 

19 Red Head to Gen. Johnson, answer to last, with many 

belts. Reply of Johnson. 



Feb. 19 Kayandegaro (alias Kinda runty), Seneca chief, to 
Gen. Johnson. Reply of latter. 

20 Gen. Johnson to council of the United Nations and 

other tribes, representing the necessity of con 
trolling the dependent tribes and declaring Gen. 
Shirley's good intentions. 

21 Red Head, in behalf of the Six Nations, to Gen. 

Johnson, disavowing particular responsibility for 
behavior of Delawares and approving council to be 
held at Oswego. 

23 Gen. Johnson to Six Nations in council, in regard to 

trading houses, French deceit and need of im 
mediate steps to stop border ravages (presenting 
very large pipe). 

24 Red Head, in behalf of Six Nations, to Gen. John 

son, giving full pledges of fidelity to the English 
(bestowing a splendid belt). Reply of Gen. John 
son, calling for more explicit statement with regard 
to the road to Oswego; satisfactory response; fol 
lowed by distribution among the Indians of pres 
ents amounting to 1085, ps, S^d. 

25 Red Head, in behalf of Six Nations, , to Gen. John 

son, announcing that the confederacy (instead of 
the Mohawks only) will undertake to accommo 
date the differences between the Delawares and 
English. Gen. Johnson's reply and a conclusion 
of the congress. 

25 Knaghquiesa and the Tuscarora chief, at a private 
meeting of the Oneidas, to Gen. Johnson concern 
ing forts. Reply of latter. 

25 Ganuskago Indians to Gen. Johnson, asking direction 

in trade. His reply. 

26 Continuation of Johnson's reply (attended by gifts) 

to these Indians. Their response. 

27 Onondagas to Gen. Johnson, regarding a fort, an 

officer and a smith. His reply. 

27 Senecas, through Tageghsady, to Gen. Johnson, asking 
for a smith. Reply. 

27 Conajoharees, through Abraham, to Gen. Johnson, 

lamenting loss of crops through an agent's neglect 
and asking relief. Reply, containing promise of 
help, and asking Indians to choose successors to 
their fallen chiefs. 

28 Aughquageys, through Adam, to Gen. Johnson, asking 

that a trading house may be built in their country. 
The reply. (Copy of these proceedings certified by 
Robert Adems) 

7 6 



Mar. 5 John Pownall, for Lords of Trade, about appointment of 
Whitehall Earl of Loudoun as commander in chief, of Johnson 
as sole superintendent of Indian affairs, redressing 
Indian grievances, etc. [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 2:710-11; 
Q, 2:413-14 and Doc. rel. to Col. Hist. N. Y. 7:40-41] 4:33 
6 [Gen. Johnson] to Lords of Trade, on recent Indian con- 
Fort Johnson ferences, importance of establishing Indian trade on a 
sound basis, proposed congress at Oswego, forts and 
garrisons among several of the nations, usefulness of 
ministers as missionaries and chaplains among the In 
dians, Rev. Mr Ogilvie and fulfilment of pledges; a 
postscript conveying alarming news about Oswego. 
[Doc. Hist. N. Y. 2 712-15 ; Q, 2 :4i4-i6 and Doc. rcl. 
to Col. Hist. N. Y. 7:41-43! 32 

Gen. William Shirley's order directing Abraham Mortier 

to pay Sir William Johnson 5000 sterling. 26:1 

Duplicate of 26:1. 23:207 

R. Shuckburgh to [Gen. Johnson] about agent for south 
ern Indians, attendance on Baron Dieskau and Quaker 
management of Indian affairs. 4:35 

Daniel Claus to [Gen. Johnson], discussing a provincial 



Apr. 4 
New York 


New York 

New York 

[2 4 ] 



Fort Johnson 

New York 

commission, political troubles in Pennsylvania, govern 
ment offer for scalps and prisoners. 34 

John Watts to Sir William Johnson at Albany, about 

finances and military movements. 36 

Gw. Banyar to Sir William Johnson, Albany, care of Rev. 
Mr Ogilvie, about news from England, general opinion 
of Shirley and Dieskau, appropriations to the colonies, 
peril of Oswego, etc. 37 

Gov. Robert H. Morris of Pennsylvania to [Sir William 
Johnson], expressing satisfaction with Johnson's labors 
at Indian conference, enlarging on sufferings of the 
province at the hands of the Delawares, explaining 
necessity of recent proclamation for Delaware scalps 
and prisoners, declaring willingness for peace with 
those Indians, emphasizing the agency of the French in 
the outrages, asking information touching the peace 
mediated by the Six Nations and wishing success in ex 
pedition for relief of Oswego. 23 :2o8 

Duplicate of No. 208. 210 

Gen. Johnson to Gen. Shirley, deploring Gov. Morris's 
proclamation offering rewards for Delaware prisoners 
and scalps [23:208]. 209 

Gw. Banyar about remuneration of Johnson by Parlia 
ment, commissions of officers, new regiments, etc. 4:38 

Extract from Boston letter of loth mentioning appoint 
ment of Generals Loudon, Abercrombie and Webb, and 
mortification of Shirley; also from Parliament pro 
ceedings, February 10, 1756, in relation to appropria 
tions and commissions. [Contained in 4:38] 38a 


Apr. 26 


New York 


New York 

May 2 
New York 


New York 


New York 




New York 




[Gov. Morris's] message, by Newcastle, lagrea and 
William Lacquis, Indians, to Susquehanna Indians at 
Wyomink, acquainting them with the command of the 
Six Nations to lay down the hatchet, the desire of the 
province for peace and the safety in which peaceable 
Indians still reside among the white settlers. Response 
of the messengers to the Governor. 23:211 

Gov. Charles Hardy, transmitting Gov. Morris's letter 
[23:208], censuring proclamation, expressing distrust 
of Iroquois friendship, approving Johnson's military 
proceedings and mentioning English advices as to Lord 
Louden and reinforcements. 212 

[Gen. Johnson] to Sergeant Jeremy Quackenbush, war 
rant to distrain several of the militia for disobedience 
to orders. 4:39 

Gw. Banyar to [Sir William Johnson] about news of 
military preparations in England, Gov. Morris's Indian 
policy, Capt. Bradstreet's expedition, care of the French 
neutrals, a guard to Onondaga, Indian presents, 
Shirley's criticism of Johnson, pecuniary matters. 40 

William Kelly, congratulating on recent honors and giv 
ing news of Gen. Webb and an account of business 
transactions. 41 

Gw. Banyar to [Sir William Johnson] about passage of 
war bills. 42 

William Kelly, about scarcity and dearness of goods and 

arms. 43 

Gw. Banyar to [Sir William Johnson] about arrival of 
some of Gen. Webb's party, embargo, orders sent to 
Colonels Glen and Renselaer, rates of land carriage, 
Indian affairs and a new governor for Pennsylvania. 44 

Richard Peters, for Pennsylvania Council, to Gen. Shir 
ley, acknowledging criticisms of Sir William Johnson 
on Gov. Morris's proclamation [23:208], agreeing to 
advise Morris to suspend hostilities against Susque 
hanna Indians till after Onondaga conference, describ 
ing enormous barbarities and savage intentions of Ohio 
Delawares and mentioning Gov. Morris's attempt to 
conciliate Susquehanna Indians [23:211]. 23:213 

William Corry about Gen. Shirley's arrival, payment of 
certain accounts, engagement between French and 
English fleet, the new general's residence, movements 
of Col. Marshal and Capt. Bradstreet. 4 :45 

John Watts about remittances. 46 

[Rev.] John Ogilvie to [Sir William Johnson] about 
Indian affairs, disputes of officers, news concerning 
Washington and the French. [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 
4:301-2; Q, 4:195] 47 





May 16 Sir William Johnson to William Kelly, order for goods 
for personal use. 

18 Gw. Banyar, giving the news, foreign and domestic. 
New York 

24 Same, touching English opinion of Americans, move- 
New York ments of regulars, Indian affairs, finances etc. 

William Alexander, inclosing account of small arms ; 

account given. 

William Corry to [Sir William Johnson], mentioning 
goods sent up, Capt. Rogers's movements, Gen. Wins- 
low's orders as to sutlers and women, money expected 
by Gen. Shirley, Vanderpool vs. Emerson, injustice of 
Albany juries toward strangers, indignation of Boston 
commissioners, etc. 

28 William Eyre to Sir \Villiam at Mount Johnson, about 

Schenectady Onondaga congress, warlike preparations at Albany, 

pay of gunners ; in postscript, mentioning a letter from 

Dublin and expected visit of Warren Johnson. 

28 Sir William Johnson to magistrates of precinct of Fish 

Fort Johnson Kilns about removal of River Indians to the Mohawk 


Hugh Wallace to [Sir William Johnson], conveying in 
formation about pistols, courtesy and compliment, a 
pleasant word about Sir William's kinsman and recom 
mendation of Capt. Robert Ross. 
Gen. Shirley about Gov. Hardy's proposal to meet Indians. 

New York 

June 2 



William Corry about disturbance in the provost jail, 
Indian depredations and a panic near Fort William 

5 James Furnis, inclosing a letter from Mr Watts. 

5 Dr Richard Shuckburgh, by Guy Johnson, about news. 
New York 

7 jasper Farmer about European army goods and foreign 
New York news. 

8 John Ogilvie about packet for Lords of Trade, money 

with Mr Furnis and arrival of ship from London. 
Gw. Banyar, mentioning arrival of Col. Webb and Maj. 

Rutherford, relative rank of officers in the projected 

campaign, Johnson's appointments and pay, and favor 

toward German officers. 
John Ogilvie about letters received and sent and money 

paid to John Glen. 
Account of horse hire to carry provisions to Onondaga, 



New York 





lurnetsficld f or Sir William Johnson and Capt. Patten's company 
of grenadiers. 












June 10 





William Williams about Onondagas who have come to 
guard bateaux and escort Sir William, also about 
Canadian Indians. 

William Corry, reporting arrival of Gen. Webb, and dis 
suading Johnson from his journey to Onondaga country. 

John Ogilvie, congratulations etc. 



14 Gov. Robert H. Morris to Ogaghradarisha, in answer to 


messages delivered to Col. Clapham, acknowledging 
good will of Six Nations, agreeing to Sir William 
Johnson's suggestion for protection of friendly Indians 
on the Susquehanna and promising to build forts at 
Shamokin and Adjouquay and inviting Ogaghradarisha 
to meet Governor and Council at capital. 23:214 

19 Commissary Richard Smith, asking a lieutenancy and 
Albany giving news of Fort Edward. 4:68 

[20] Intelligence given by an Oneida of French designs con 
cerning the Oswego falls, Oneida lake, German Flatts 
and Sir William Johnson. [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 2:727-28; 
Q, 2:423 and Doc. rel. to Col. Hist. N. Y. 7:i35~36] 78 

21 William Corry to [Sir William Johnson] about goods 
Albany sent, arrival of troops, the American quota and troubles 

of Maj. Mathews. 69 

27 Sir William Johnson to Gen. Shirley, on the outlook at 
Camp at On- the conference and unacceptableness of Capt. Williams, 
ondaga lake a t the Carrying Place, to the Oneidas, Tuscaroras and 

Onondagas. 7 

Jchn Bradstreet about provisions forwarded and journey 
to Oswego; with mention of Captains Vanbarge and 
Patton and Mr Pitcher. ^\ 

William Corry to Sir William Johnson at Mount John 
son, about arrival of men-of-war in the St Lawrence, 
Fort Duquesne, arrival of English generals, billeting 
redcoats in Albany and sending supplies. 72 

Sir William Johnson's memoranda as to early jealousy 
of English encroachments on the part of the Indians; 
embracing extract from the message of May 23, 1756, 
from the Onondagas; and extract from representation 
of Board of Trade, December n, 1755, on the Penns' 
colonizing project. [4:4] 

July 3 William Corry to Sir William Johnson, Mount Johnson, 
Albany asking relief for persons thought to be unjustly fined 

and imprisoned for selling rum to Indians and com 
plaining of Albany justice. 
John Abeel to Sir William Johnson at Mount Johnson, 

asking him to pay Senecas whom Abeel had employed. 75 








10 Cornel's Jno. Cuyler, assistant commissary, to Sir Wil- 
Schonectady lj am Johnson at Fort Johnson, list of supplies. 





July 1-12 Conferences between Sir William Johnson and the In 
dians. \Doc. re!, to Col. Hist. N. Y. 7:146-60] 
i Sir William Johnson's speech to Delawares and 
Onondaga Shawanees. Their reply, explaining hostilities and 

promising active assistance. 

9 Same to Mihicanders, or River Indians, welcoming 
l-ort Johnson them to new home and to English alliance (arms 

and clothing bestowed). 

10 Same to Shawanese and Delawares, relating barbari 

ties and treacheries of their kinsmen and charac 
terizing French intrigues. Reply by the Delaware 
king, deferring decision. A conference between 
Johnson and heads of the Six Nations follows. 

11 Sir William Johnson to Delaware king, demanding 

speedy decision. Responses and peaceful assurances 
by Delaware king and Shawanese king. 

11 Sir William Johnson to the Six Nations and 

others on the occasion of receiving his patent as 
baronet and his commission as Superintendent of 
Indian Affairs. Responses; drinking health of 
King George ; speech by Sir William to Delaware 
king ; giving of war belt ; war dance. 

12 Mihicanders to Sir William. His response, in which 

with consent of Six Nations he restores Delawares 
and Mihicanders to rank of men, raising them from 
rank of women. 

John Bradstreet, inclosing an account, and asking pay 
ment to Capt. Schuyler. 

Capt. Robert Rogers, journal of a scout to Lake Cham- 
plain, with account of losses which he inflicted on the 
enemy. Woe. Hist. N. Y. 4:285-87; Q. 4:184-85] 
Duplicate of No. 80. 

Capt. Robert Rogers's report of examination of Michael 
Greenleaf, prisoner. 





Fort William 

16 William 

New York 



NC-.V Y~k 



Kelly, mentioning pecuniary matters, goods, 
and offering an interest in a privateer. 

Invoice of goods sent by William Kelly to Sir William 

Timothy Horsefield to Gov. Hardy, relating account 
given by three Delawares of a visit to Fort Niagara, 
in which they describe fort, gunpowder mine, prisoners 
and supplies, repeat certain communications of the 
commander, and mention an effort of the Six Nations 
:o secure Delaware neutrality. 

[Sir William Johnson] to Messrs Petry and Harkemar 
about cutting road to Oswego. 









July 23 Peter Wraxall to Sir William at Fort Johnson, relating 
New York interview with Lord Loudoun and impressions of Lou- 
doun and Mr Pownall, also touching business matters, 
health etc. 4:74 

23 Lord Loudoun to [Sir William Johnson], acknowledging 
New York communication relative to Onondaga meeting. 23 :2i8 

26 Arent Stevens, relating conversation with Senecas at 
Schonectady his house and mentioning sick child. 4:85 

26 Peter Wraxall, commending Sir William and Capt. Cun 
ningham to each other's warm regard. 86 
26 Same, aboat interview with Gen. Loudoun, Gov. Belcher's 
New York proclamation, Capt. Cunningham, Pownall etc. 87 

26 Robert Leake, commissary, to Capt. Abercromby, aide-de- 
Albany camp, about guard to Oswego for cattle and drivers. 88 
26 Cornel's Jno. Cuyler about means of transporting supplies. 89 

26 William Kelly about defective and also missing goods. 90 

27 William Clapham, to Daniel Claus, Fort Johnson, with 
Shamokin praise o ( Ogaghradarisha and civilities to Scarroyade, 

transmitting plans of forts at Shamokin and Arm 
strongs. 91 
27 Cornel's Jno. Cuyler about supplies forwarded and re- 
Schonectady ceipt. 92 

27 John B. Van Eps to [Sir William Johnson] about supplies 
Schinectady sen t. 93 

27 William Kelly mentioning articles sent by John Hogan 
New York and sailing of five privateers. 94 

27 Peter Wraxall, on cost of silver gorgets, on care of health, 
New York an d on his own willingness to respond to Johnson's 

call. 95 

28 Complaint of Senecas against Capt. William Williams for 

Fort Johnson accusing their nation of being in the French interest. 96 

25-31 Proceedings of Lieut. Gov. Robert Hunter Morris, of 

Easton, Penn., and William Logan, Richard Peters, Benjamin 

Penn. Chew and John Mifflin, of the Council, and conferences 

of the same and [Joseph] Fox, [John] Hughes and 

[William] Edmunds, commissioners, with Indian 

envoys. [Penn, Arch. 2:722-30; Penn. Col. Rec. 

7 1207-20] 23 1224 

25 Council receives letter from [Timothy] Horsefield 

concerning French preparations for defending Fort 
Niagara and similar information from Teedyus- 

26 Council minute: receives Major William Parsons's 

account of behavior of Teedyuscung since coming 
to Easton. 




July 27 Council minute: Conrad We her arrives, Capt. New 
Castle, Indian, informs Governor that he has been 
bewitched by the Delawares and wishes his state 
ment recorded. 

28 Council minute: Mr Weiser's impression of Teedy 
uscung, conference arranged, Capt. New Castle ill 
of pleurisy. 

28 Governor, in conference, welcomes Indians ; Teedy 

uscung replies in name of Delawares and Six Na 
tions ; explanation of " Whish shicksy." 

29 Governor, in conference, expresses surprise at attack 

of previous fall, at request of Six Nations refrains 
from attack on Delawares and Shawonese and 
summons them to renew bonds, prisoners to be de 
livered up ; Teedyuscung in reply refers to treaty 
with Six Nations restoring them to manhood. 

29 Council minute: deputation of Quakers from Phila 

delphia offer gifts to be given to the Indians. 

30 Council minute: Governor receives and- publishes 
declaration of war, letter from Mr Spangenberg 

inclosing statement of Augustus, a Delaware ; Gov 
ernor, in conference, presents gifts, Teedyuscung 
promises to return with many nations in two 
months and warns against Ohio Indians. 

30 p. m. Council minute : belt presented by Teedyuscung 
(sent by the Six Nations to the Delawares) to be 
kept with the council wampum, Indian women em 
ployed to make new belt, Teedyuscung interrupts 
meeting but is pacified. 

31 Council minute: Six Nations' message to the 

Delawares, belt and other wampum presented, 
Teedyuscung and New Castle declared agents of 
the province, list of Indians present. 
Peter Wraxall, describing several persons mentioned for 
a deputy secretaryship and advising that the 5000 wait 
ing Johnson's order in England be promptly drawn. 
Jost Herchheimer and John Conrad Franck, declining to 
undertake to build road to Oswego and complaining of 
loss and injury at the hands of the military. Hanios 
Pettrie pleads infirmity of age in excuse [4:84] 
Aug. 5 Gw. Banyar to Sir William at Mount Johnson, suggest 
ing a letter of thanks to Lord Halifax for recent honors 
and discussing the fate of William Jere, killed by the 
soldiers at Schenectady. 

5 Cornel's Jno. Cuyler to Sir William at Fort Johnson, about 
Schenectady provisions sent. 

6 Oliver De Lancey about sending Indian presents and the 
Albany pay for them. 


New York 








Aug. 6 William Corry to Sir William at Fort Johnson, mention- 
Albany ing transportation of provisions, the mobbing of Mr 
Mathews, and reports that the Duke of New Castle was 
in the tower and that Capt. Rogers had sent down a 
French deserter to be hanged. 

6 Peter Wraxall to [Sir William Johnson], ment : oning 
New York Admiral Bing's (Byng) course in the Mediterranean 

and other foreign advices of a gloomy tenor. 

7 Sir William Johnson to. Capt. John Bradstreet about trans- 
Fort Johnson portation of Indian supplies. 

7 Same, to all the inhabitants of Scohare, concerning road 
Fort Johnson to OswegO. 

8 William Eyre, asking Sir William to pacify Lord Loudoun, 
Schenectedy w ho is incensed at the killing of "Jerry'' [William 

Jere in 4:99]- 

8 Peter Wraxall, announcing that he is about to start for 
New York p O rt Johnson, with mention of gorgets, Mr Farril, 

health of Johnson and the writer, intended matrimony, 
advices from Cadiz, Gov. Morris and the Delawares, 

9 Oliver De Lancey to [Sir William Johnson] about goods 
Albany for Indians and papers belonging to " Sir Peter's 


10 Sir William Johnson to Capt. Horatio Gates about com 
plaint against Harkemer for sale of liquor to Indians. 

12 Gw. Banyar, mentioning appointment of Sir Charles 
Albany Hardy as admiral, and proceedings on foot against per 
sons who sold rum to Indians. 

13 Maj. Cha. Craven, also Capt. James De Lancey, giving 
Oneida Carry- information about a suspected Indian. 

ing Place 

15 Sir William Johnson to Capt. Thomas Butler about 
Fort Johnson Sergeant James Connor and Capt. Funda, rangers. 

1 6 [Sir William Johnson] to Maj. Craven, discrediting ac- 
Fort Johnson cusations against the suspected Indian " Sam." 

18 Thomas Butler to [Sir William Johnson], reporting siege 
and capture of Oswego forts. 



Lord Loudoun, speaking of powder supposed to be stolen 

and asking cooperation with Gen. Webb. 
27 Capt. Thomas Butler, relating more about the fall of 
Great Carry- OswegO. 
ing Place 

29 Same, to Sir William Johnson at Burnets Field, about 
Oneida Carry- the effect on the Indians of the news from Oswego and 

ing Place the difficulty of keeping them in the service. 
Sept. 2 Lord Loudoun, mentioning order given to Gen. Webb 
Albany and request made of Gov. Hardy for reinforcements. 











23 :220 

8 4 



Sept. 3 Richard Peters to [Sir William Johnson], information 
Philadelphia upholding integrity of Delaware chief, Teedyuscung. 23:221 

10 [Sir William Johnson] to the Lords of Trade, mentioning 
Fort Johnson the loss of Oswego and the effect on the Indians, call 

for another conference, scalping parties, discussing 
Indian presents, French cunning in Indian matters, the 
Pensilvania land grant, and expediency of surrendering 
the lands to the Indians and promising an early account 
of disbursements. [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 2:733-37; Q, 
2:426-29 and Doc. rel. to Col. Hist. N. Y. 7:127-30] 4:117 

11 [Sir William Johnson] to Earl of Halifax, testifying 
Fort Johnson thanks for his Lordship's favor and patronage, and 

pledging fidelity. 118 

16 Lord Loudoun about new dispositions of forces, his pur- 
Albany pose to be at Fort Edward and Indian presents. 119 

19 Same, discussing Mr Crogan's proposal to raise recruits 
Albany an d mentioning disposition of Indian presents and 

measures to prevent giving liquor to the Indians. 120 

Oct. i Same, about departure of troops, and information given 
Albany by a prisoner. 121 

13 Deposition of Cornelig Feeling, who had escaped from 
Fort Johnson captivity in Montreal; containing accounts of taking of 
Oswego and good treatment of English soldiers cap 
tured, also description of disposition of the Caghna- 
wagas toward the French, strategic value of the Nar 
rows near Tiyondarogo and French design against Fort 
Edward. 23 :222 

Examination of one Wm. Johnson in Frederick county, 
Md., giving an account of a plot among Catholics to 
aid the French and a new account of battle of Fort 
Duquesne. (Before Col. Cresap) 4:122 

John Watts to [Sir William Johnson] on Johnson's ac 
counts and deplorable state of the English cause. 23 :223 


New York 


Nov. 14 Lord Loudoun, authorizing payment of certain officers for 
Albany services as such prior to date of their commissions. 

8-17 Conference of Lieut. Gov. Denny, of Penn., William Logan 
and Richard Peters, of the Council, and Benjamin 
Franklin, Joseph Fox, William Masters and John 
Hughes, commissioners, with Indian envoys ; with in 
terspersed council minutes. [Penn. Col. Rec. 7 :3i3~38] 23 :225 

8 Opening speeches of Teedyuscung, the Delaware king, 

and of the Governor. 

9 Teedyuscung, in conference, attests his good faith and 

recalls good relations between Indians and William 

10 Conrade Weiser presents in council a message from 
Teedyuscung regarding a party of Indians in the 



Nov. 12 Moses Tattamy delivers in council report of visit to 
Indian party. 

12 Lieut. Gov. Denny, in conference, expresses satisfac 

tion with Teedyuscung's allusion to ancient league 
and asks how it came to be broken. 

13 Teedyuscung gives belts to wipe away tears, clear 

away blood and heal wounds ; and explains how he 
took up the hatchet ; then charges fraud in land 
transactions against the Proprietors and others. 

14 Conrad Weiser and Richard Peters, in Council, ex 

plain grievances cited by Delaware king and recall 
council of Six Nations at which complaints were 
examined and condemned. 

15 Gov. Denny, in conference, reproves Delawares for 

striking the colonists without making their com 
plaint, shows how Indian grievance may be baseless, 
urges attendance at council fire at Fort Johnson and 
provides for bestowal on the Indians of 300 in 

16 Delaware king, under metaphor of corn planting and 

fire building, exhorts the white man to guard the 
work of peace begun, asks for assurances that In 
dians living in the Jerseys are at liberty and gives 
deer skins to the Governor. 

17 Governor offers and Indians refuse instant reparation 

for wrongs, liberation of prisoners is discussed, also 
new fort at Shamokin, and death of the Indian, 
Capt Newcastle, is condoled. 

21 Information given by Samuel Lamb, who was taken 
Fort Johnson prisoner [at Battle island] on Oswego river and es 
caped from Canada, indicating that Oswego was lost by 
treachery, 226 

21 Information of John Walker, who escaped from Canada, 
Fort Johnson containing account of experiences in Ohio country and 
on St Lawrence, descriptions of forces and defenses 
and charges of treachery against British officers at 
Oswego. 227 

Dec. 3 The Earl of Loudoun's warrant to William Johnston, 
Albany deputy paymaster general, for payment of 3000 sterling 

to Sir William Johnson. 26 :2 

1 1 Observations of Proprietors of Pennsylvania on Johnson's 
London letter to the Lords of Trade [4:117], in which they deny 

that their land purchases are a ground of disaffection 
among the Susquehannah Indians and Six Nations. 
Woe. Hist. N. Y. 2:738-41; Q, 2:429-31] 4:124 

ii Duplicate of No. 124. 

13 [George] Croghan to Gov. Denny, advising prompt satis- 
Philadelphia faction of Indian grievance, in accord with recent offer 

[23:225]. 23:228 



Dec. 30 Capt. Jelles Fonda, seeking approval of engagement of 
Cachnawago Barent Weupel as interpreter of the Senneco tongue. 23 1229 
Calculation of expense of maintaining Indian regiment. 230 
Gen. Webb's request for estimate of ammunition. 2303 


Jan. 6 William Baker about collection and investment of funds 
London awarded by Parliament. 4:126 

6 Capt. Thomas Butler, reporting friendliness of Oneidas, 
Oneida good intentions of Cinakas [Senecas], prevalence of 

intoxication among the former and their desire for 
the restriction of the sale of rum. 23:231 

9 Same, "half way Connossaraga and Onondaga," to [Sir 
William Johnson], reporting as to uncertainty of In 
dian friendship, and dangers that threaten further 
progress. 232 

14 Sir William Johnson to Maj. Gen. Abercrombie, dis- 
Fort Johnson cussing his commissions and salaries, desire of the 
Senecas, coming meeting at Onondaga, fight between 
soldiers at Fort Hunter and Mohawks, and presenting 
entreaty of the chiefs for withdrawal of this garrison. 233 

14 William Corry to [Sir William Johnson] on billeting of 
Albany soldiers in New York [by Lord Loudoun], with anec 

dote about Oliver De Lancey's indignation and its 
punishment. 234 

Oct. 27, 1756-Orders of commanding officer to storekeeper at fort 
Jan. 17,1757 (found in papers taken with Fort Niagara). [In 
Fort French] 24 :34 

St Victor 

Dec.3O,i756-Capt. Thomas Butler and Capt. Jelles Fonda, report in 
Jan. 18, 1757 diary form on return from Onondagah, revealing much 

, , unfriendliness in Kiyogas and Sinakass. 4:128 


27 W. Johnston about payment of balance to Lieut. Claus 
Albany an d a skirmish between Rogers's rangers and the 

enemy. 23 :235 

31 Arent Stevens about an Indian suspected of being a spy. 4:129 

Peter Speelman's account of a force of French and In 
dians at the falls of the Ohio river, and of friendly 
disposition of Shawanese and Delawares on the Sus- 
quehannah. 2:165 

Feb. 14 Intelligence brought by two Onondagas of Indian affairs 
Fort Johnson an( i military projects in Canada. 23:237 

21 Capt. Jacob Cheeksonkun, showing what mental relief 
Stockbridge w iH follow the payment of arrears due to his com 
pany. 236 
26 Capt. Mark Petry's return; list of 64 names. 4' 1 3 



Sir William Johnson's account with Andrew Montoor; 
Fort Johnson w ith receipts, May 3, 1758, of Hennery Montour. 4:144 

Mar. 6 Information given by Alexander McCluer, indicating 
French sympathies of the Senecas and a French de 
sign to destroy the Mohawks. 131 
9 Gw. Banyar, touching courage and conduct of the 
French, Indian trade and Lord London's eastward ex 
pedition. 23 :238 

11 Capt. Thomas Butler to [Sir William Johnson], sending 
Onondaga reports of French movements and news of coming 

council. 239 

Feb. 12 Proprietary of Pennsylvania to Gov. William Denny, 
Mar. 10 extracts from letters on charge of forgery in land 

title. 4:151 

Feb. 12 Proprietors Thomas and Richard Penn to Richard Peters, 
Mar. ii extracts from letters, joint and individual, proposing 

12 an investigation before Sir William Johnson of 
charges made by Delaware king [23:225] affecting a 
land purchase. [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 2:742-44; Q, 

13 Capt. Thomas Butler, writing from lodge of Old Kittle, 
Onondaga to [Sir William Johnson], about Indian incidents. 23 

14 Same to [Sir William Johnson], repeating Indian warn- 
Onondaga mgs o f French designs against Fort William Henry 

and Indian criticism of the English. 

16 Johan Conrad Franck to Capt. Claus, asking that money 

Bometsfielt to pay for transportation of provisions and to pay 

Andreas Klebsattel, Dietrich Stell and William Cunig- 

kum for oxen, may be sent by the son of Klebsattel. 

[In German] 

20 Muster roll of Lieut. Sefferrines Deygert's company, 

sent to Fort William Henry. 4 

20 Robert Leake to Sir William Johnson at Mount John- 
Albany sori) about cattle purchased at Livingstons Manor. 

21 Capt. John Butler, sending Indian intelligence. 23 

27 Capt. Thomas Butler to [Sir William Johnson] about 
Onondaga threatened attack on Fort William Henry, disposition 

of the Indians and coming council at Onondaga. 4 

Conclusion of 136. 

William Baker, sending account of investment of par 
liamentary grant to Sir William Johnson. [Stone's 
Johnson, i :554~55] 23:244 

Duplicate of 23:244, including copy of letter of Jan. 6. 4:127 

David Van Der Heyden to [Sir William Johnson], news 

of advance of hostile Indian force from Oswegatchie. 23:245 

William Eyre on return of the garrison and retreat of 

the French besiegers from Fort William Henry. 246 



Apr. i 










Apr. 4 Robert Livingston J.un'r to Sir William Johnson at Great 
Herkemans Flatts, on danger to the Mohawk river country and 

need of reinforcements. 23 1247 

5 Information by Albert Rykeman of proposed attack at 

German Flatts by the French. 4:138 

6 Capt. John Mac Neill, 42d regiment, in behalf of Maj. 

Cook, who reports for orders. 139 

William Cleland to Col. Johnston, commending a friend. 

[Date uncertain] 140 

6 Ferrall Wade to Sir William Johnson at German 

Fort Johnson Flatts, about supplies furnished. 141 

7 Capt. Thomas Butler's account of a French and Iroquois 

conference at Montreal, the Indians declaring neu 
trality; related by chiefs. 133 

Same, on threatening aspect of Indian proceedings, delay 
of the council and bad results of Dutch and English 
disputes. 142 

Deposition of John Abeel, concerning conversation of 

Indians relative to French attack by way of Oswego. 143 

Robert Catherwood, craving intercession with Lord Lou- 
doun, that he may be recalled from New York, to 
which he expects to be ordered. 23:248 

Peter Wraxall, concerning a packet for Gen. Webb, a 
threatened descent on the river settlements and a cap 
ture of deserters. 173 

Henry I. Wendell to [Sir William Johnson], reporting 
murder of Indian messenger and asking favor of a 
letter to Loudoun. 249 

Capt. John Bradstreet to Capt. Philip J. Schuyler, Albany, 
order on Sir William Johnson in favor of P. V. B. 
Livingston and William Bayard for 359, 2s, 6d ; Liv 
ingston and Bayard's indorsement in favor of George 
Turner, and Turner's receipt. 4:145 

Maj. Gen. Daniel Webb's warrant to Abraham Mortier 

for paying 2000 sterling to Sir William Johnson. 26:3 

6 Pieter D. Schuyler and others, warning as to French 
Canajoharie Indians in Johnson's neighborhood with design to take 

or scalp him. 23 :25o 

18 [Sir William Johnson] to Lords of Trade, considering 
Fort Johnson decline of English influence with Six Nations, a pro 
posed change of policy toward upper nations and 
present relations with Pennsylvania Indians. [Doc. 
Hist. N. Y. 2:745-48; Q, 2:433-35] 4:146 

Maj. Gen. Daniel Webb's warrant to Abraham Mortier 

for paying 2000 sterling to Sir William Johnson. 26:4 

Examination of Jean Nerban, French prisoner, contain 
ing statements as to French forces and defenses. 23:251 


May 13 




June 3 

New York 







July i Lord Loudoun, mentioning inclosure of intercepted let- 
Halifax ters of Governor of Louisiana and making suggestions 

as to Indian management. 4:147 

17 Sir William Johnson to Peter Wraxall on effect of 
Fort Johnson murder of Indians by whites, ravages of smallpox, 
scalping parties, protection of prisoners brought in by 
Indians. To Mrs Elizabeth .Wraxall about a bill of 
exchange. 23 1252 

Aug. i Same to Gen. Webb, reporting his orders to militia for 
Fort Johnson defense of Albany and reinforcement of Webb, and 
mentioning a conference with southern Indians and 
efforts to obtain intelligence of enemy's movements. 4:148 

6 Return of 2d battalion at Fort Edward. 150 

12 Sir William Johnson's return of militia in camp near 

Fort Edward. 23:253 

Memorandum as to affidavits to be made by Hance 
Becker and others regarding Edward Collins and John 
Dow. [Date uncertain] 254 

14 List of deserters from Capt. Arnout Viele's company at 

Fort Edward. 255 

19 Lieut. Gov. James De Lancey, requiring report on the 
Albany number of New York militia that went to assist Gen. 

Webb at Fort Edward and time of going, also explana 
tion of desertions. 256 
27 Col. Glen's return of officers wanted in five Schenectady 

companies. 4:149 

29 G. Bartman, aide-de-camp, by direction of Gen. Webb, 
Fort Edward asking that the state of Indian affairs be communicated 

to Lord Loudoun. 152 

Sept. 5 Sir William Johnson to Lieut Gov. De Lancey, inclosing 
Albany \{ s ^ o { persons fit for appointment to regimental offices, 

suggesting creation of adjutant and recommending 
Henry Wendell, desiring that Assembly provide for 
army soldiers too poor to equip themselves and forbid 
purchase of arms and clothing from Indians, sending 
list of persons for a new commission of the peace and 
drawing attention to the claim of Widow Bratt. 23 1257 

16 [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Abercrombie about a 
Fort Johnson reproof to certain Indians, distress of Germans at 
Burnetsfield, need of rangers, erroneous statements 
relative to connection of Five Nations and River In 
dians with French at Lake George, and orders to Capt. 
Wraxall. 4^53 

[16] Announcement of a reward for the capture of two 
Frenchmen escaped from the fort at Albany. Signed 
G. Christie, A. D. Q. M. G. 12:109 



Sept. 22 [Sir William Johnson] to the Lords of Trade, [inclosed 
in 4:i55]> remarks on observations of the Proprietors 
of Pennsylvania [4:124], on a paragraph of Johnson's 
letter [4:117]; Johnson adduces conferences, testi 
monies and admissions to prove Indian dissatisfaction 
with the transactions of the Proprietors and their 
agents. [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 1:412-20; Q, 1:270-74, 
also 2:748-56; Q, 2:435-39 and Doc. rel. to Col. Hist. 
N. Y. 7:329-33] 4:156 

22 Duplicate of 4:156. 23:258 

25 [Sir William Johnson] to Gov. Denny, of Pennsylvania, 
Albany mentioning deputies from the Cherokees, soon to pass 

through that province, and desiring that they be pro 
tected against " scheming Quakers " and intoxicating 
liquors. 4:154 

28 [Sir William Johnson] to the Lords of Trade, about 
Albany differences with Proprietors of Pennsylvania, Indian 

jealousy of settlers, Mr Croghan's transactions, con 
duct of Quakers, Cherokee alliance, designs of French 
governor at New Orleans, loss of Fort William Henry 
and other disasters, and present state of Indian affairs. 
[Doc, rel. to Col. Hist. N. Y. 7:276-79] 155 

George Croghan's remarks sustaining those of Sir 
Albany William Johnson [4:117] on causes of disaffection of 

Pennsylvania Indians and Six Nations. [Doc. Hist. 
N. Y. 2:756-61; Q, 2:439-42] 157 

References to support charges of Indian complaint and 
discontent about lands said to be purchased in Pennsyl 
vania. [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 2:761-62; Q, 2:442] 158 
Oct. 5 Chiefs of Onohaghguage, informing Sir William of a 
party of Indians going to war against the English. 
[Doc. Hist. N. Y. 2:763-64; Q, 2:443-44] 159 
12 Thomas Gunter about money lent by him to Guy 
Boston Johnson. 23 .-259 

17 Maj. Gen. Abercromby, by James Abercrombie, aide-de- 
Albany camp, to commanders at Fort Hunter, Canejohary and 
Herkemars, orders to furnish Sir William Johnson with 
forces to recapture two prisoners escaped from the fort. 4:160 
19 [Sir William Johnson] to commanders at Forts Hen- 
Fort Johnson drick and Harkemar about Gen. Abercrombie's orders 

[4:160]. 161 

19 Same to Captains Starmbergh and Swart, Scohare, orders 
Fort Johnson t o arrest the two Frenchmen [160 and 161]. 162 

21 Gw. Banyar, expressing alarm at Lord Loudoun's hostile 
New York sentiment toward Six Nations. 23:260 

26 John Reade about employment as overseer of Sir Wil 

liam's farm. 4:165 



Nov. 10 Gov. William Denny, mentioning entertainment of 
Philadelphia Cherokee deputies and proposal of Proprietors to lay 
Delaware complaint [23:225] before Johnson, discuss 
ing claim and conduct of Delaware king, also his offer 
to go to war in defense of the province, describing the 
tract desired by the Delawares and mentioning forts 
built or building. 23:261 

ii Capt. Philip Townsend, intelligence of approach of 800 
Herkymers Frenchmen. 262 


13 Same to [Sir William Johnson], intelligence of destruc- 
Herkimers tion of Great Flatts by the enemy. 263 


21 [Dr] J. Adair to Capt. Croghan at Fort Johnson, on Sir 
Albany William's illness. 264 

Dec. 5 [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Abercrombie, touching a 
Fort Johnson recent sickness, approach of the enemy and calling out 
of the militia, suffering of the people of German Flatts 
at the hands of the enemy and exposure of the in 
habitants of the Mohawk country and Cherry Valley. 4:166 
8 Same to same, relating reports of scouts, fright of the in- 
Fort Johnson habitants and measures to prevent them from fleeing; 
also remonstrating against billeting troops in Johnson's 
house in Albany. 167 

10 Same to Lord Loudoun about recent sickness, dispatches 
Fort Johnson to Gen. Abercrombie, Mr Wraxall's peculiar fitness for 
secretaryship of Indian affairs and a commission for 
Mr Croghan. 168 

14 Same to Mai. Gen. Abercrombie about premature return 
Fort Johnson o f Mohawks, recent tetters and uneasiness of the set 
tlers. 169 

19 Same to same, about return of Messrs Wendell and 
Fortjohnson Montour, raising rangers, probability of attack on Fort 

Edward, etc. 170 

25 Lord Loudoun on sickness of Sir William, policy to be 
New York adopted in Indian affairs, Capt. Wraxall and the secre 
taryship of Indian affairs, Mr Croghan's commission. 171 
29 Sir William Johnson to Maj. Gen. Abercrombie about 
Fortjohnson smith and traders for Senecas, interference of Penn 
sylvania with Indian affairs to the detriment of his 
Majesty's service and mischief done by an unregulated 
trade with Indians. 172 

31 William Baker's account current with Sir William 
London Johnson. 173 

William Printup's bill against province of Pennsylvania 
for services as interpreter at treaty with Delawares 
and Shawanese. 163 

Memorandum of packs of skins. 164 



Speech of Pondiague [Pontiac], Outava [Ottawa] chief 
at Fort Duquenne, reporting efforts of Gorge Craane 
[George Croghan] to influence the Indians by false 
story of the fall of Quebec, reminding of promise to 
the Indians of advantage from French alliance, and de 
scribing his superiority to evil suggestions. [Fragment, 
in French] 24 132 


Jan. 14 Capt. Thomas Osborne, relating a pursuit by unfriendly 
Indians and declaring his apprehension of relief from 
duty. 4:174 

30 Sir William Johnson to George Croghan, instructions for 
Fort Johnson fostering trade with Indians at German Flatts and pro 
curing information. 24:39(1) 
Feb. 9 Same to Capt. Jealous Funda, instructions about duties at 

Fort Johnson Conajohare Castle. 4:i75 

Mar. 3 Same to commissary of ordnance at Albany, order to 
Fort Johnson deliver powder intended for Indian service. 23 1265 

4 Maj. Gen. James Abercromby's warrant to Thomas Bar- 
Albany roWj directing payment of 2000 sterling to Sir Wil 
liam Johnson. 26:5 
12 George Croghan to [Sir William Johnson], reporting as 
F rt to scouting parties. 23 1266 

14 Sir William Johnson to Gw. Banyar, complaining of 

Fort Johnson Lieutenant Governor's slight, expressing hope of an 

early campaign, discussing unwillingness of Dutchmen 

to serve under English or Irish officers, and criticizing 

the Half King. 267 

16 Same to William Kelly, explaining a business delay and 
Fort Johnson ordering corn, wine and other things. 268 

19 William Trent to Gteorge] Croghan, inclosing speech of 
Lancaster February i, 1758, and August 8, 1757, by Cherokees ; 
censuring Indian policy of Virginia's Governor ; and 
introducing subject of trade with Ohio Indians. 270 

24 Examination of James Campbell by Sir William Johnson 
concerning information gained while a prisoner in Can 
ada ; revealing scarcity of food and high price of horse 
flesh and corn. 4^7^ 

24 Copy of message from Assembly to Governor of Penn 
sylvania about recovering persons still in captivity 
among Delawares and measures to confirm alliance 
with Indians. 23:271 

24 Gov. Denny to [Gen. Abercromby?], inclosing no. 271, 
Philadelphia relating visit of friendly Delawares with belts and of 
fers of alliance from far western tribes, and seeking 
permission to treat with Indians at Philadelphia. 274 








Mar. 25 Same to Col. [George] Washington (copy), advising of 
Philadelphia improved feeling toward the English on the part of 
Ohio Indians, and conveying a message from Delaware 
king for dissuading the Cherokees from hostile move 
ments toward the Ohio. 23 1275 

George Croghan [for Sir William Johnson], journal of 
movements of Indian trading parties; containing in 
formation brought from Canada by James Campbell 
and an Oneida. 269 

Lord Howe, commending Johnson's Indian speech; ad 
vising that a spy be sent to Cadaracqui ; and mention 
ing arrangements for strengthening Canajohary. 273 

Rev. John Ogilvie to [Sir William Johnson], announcing 
military program: Loudoun recalled, Abercromby to 

. succeed, Admiral Boscawen to command Louisbourg 
expedition, British regiments to go on three expedi 
tions, 20,000 provincials to follow Abercromby, Oliver 
De Lancey to be colonel of New - York provincials ; 
also introducing Rogers's recent fight. 276 

Jacob Orndt to Col. James Burd, report of work on fort, 

and visit of Mohicons and Monseys on peace errand. 277 

Proceedings of council of officers called to consider pro 
posal of peace offered by Teedyuscung and other Dela- 
wares to Cherokees. [Inclosed in 23:278] 272 

Capt. Thomas Bullit to Gov. Denny (copy), informing 
that he has forwarded letters to Col. Washington 
[23:275], but hesitates to negotiate peace or to check 
the Cherokee war parties zealously enlisted in British 
interest. 278 

Sir William Johnson to Lieut. Gov. De Lancey, declining 
Fort Johnson new commission as colonel on account of failing health, 
inclosing a return of troops that lately marched with 
him to the German Flatts, reporting a fresh movement 
of the enemy in that direction and announcing deter 
mination to oppose it, and mentioning terror of inhabi 
tants along the Mohawk. 279 
Lieut. Guy Johnson, report of a fruitless march, with 

mention of the fears and needs of the settlers. 280 

Col. James Burd to Gov. Denny (copy), announcing 
arrival at Winchester, and numbers of southern In 
dians going out against Fort Du Quesne, also numbers 
of Creeks and Cherokees expected, and arrangement 
for their equipment. 281 

Gov. Denny to Gen. Abercromby (copy), advising of 
notice to commanding officer at Winchester of Dela 
ware peace proposal [23 :275] ; and asking instructions 
for negotiating treaty with Susquahannah Indians. 282 

Fort Allen 


Loudoun, Ya. 



Apr. 2 






Apr. 10 Speech of River Indians to Sir William Johnson. 24:39(2) 

Fort Johnson 

10 George Croghan, information as to scouts and prepara- 
Fort tion of Suskehanna and Ohio Indians to visit Phila- 

Herkemir delphia. 23 1283 

10 Gen. James Abercromby, mentioning letter of the 7th 
New York from Gov. Denny, and his advice to him to temporize 
with Susquehanna Indians till Johnson can be heard 
from. 284 

12 George Croghan about additional scout, preparation for 
Conjouerey journey to Pensylvania, Oneida war party and enlist 
ments with Capt. Johnson. 4:177 

13 Sir William Johnson to Lieut. Gov. De Lancey about 
Fort Johnson warrants and orders, mentioning Captains Guy Johnson 

and Peter Conin, Barent Vrooman and Lieut. Col. Glen. 178 

14 George Croghan, information, brought by an Onieda, as 
Fort to disgust of Pennsylvania Indians at neglect by Six 

Herkemir Nations and fear of the latter that the Pennsylvania 

tribes will form independent treaty with the English. 23 :285 

28 Sir William Johnson to Gen. Abercromby, discouraging 
Fort Johnson separate negotiations with Tediuscung, advising that 
Ohio Indians be required to return to Pensilvania in 
order to share the benefits of a treaty, and that care 
be exercised in associating Cherokees and Delawares in 
any war movement, commending policy of officers at 
Fort Loudoun [23:272, 278], condemning ambition of 
Pennsylvania meddlers in Indian affairs, mentioning 
purpose of western Indians to be represented at Onon- 
daga council, and pronouncing the Six Nations, not the 
Delawares, the true mediators with western tribes. 286 

30 Sir William Johnson to William Kelly about goods, with 
Fort Johnson mention of great council at Onondaga. 287 

30 Commanding officer on Indian outrages in vicinity. 

Herkemers [Fragment] 288 

May i John Butler, sending report of massacre near the fort. 24:1 


8 Benjamin Uncas for Mohegans, to Mohawks and Stock- 
Mohegan bridge Indians, agreeing to abide by ancient covenant 
with the English and pledging assistance in expedition 
against the French. 2' 

18 John B. Van Eps about Capt. G. Christie's order for 
Schinectady wagons and boats. 4: 179 

20 Maj. Gen. James Abercromby's warrant to Abraham Mor- 
Albany tier for payment of 1200 sterling for the Indian ser 

vice to Sir William Johnson. 26 :6 

June 12 Joseph Tracy, asking favor of a letter to the King in be- 
Norwich half of the Mohegans, whose controversy with Con 
necticut waits to be tried before Lords of Trade. 24:3 



June 12 Information brought by Capt. Jelles Fonda from Oneida: 
Fort Johnson visit of Delawares and Shawaneese to Six Nations, kill 
ing of four men cutting timber for fort by Canistio 
Indians, delivery of Sir William's message to Five 
Nations, French and Indian conference to be held at 
Chenossia, etc. 24:4 

14 Elias Hand to [Sir William Johnson?], reporting his 
Stone Robbia disposition of forces and asking directions in 

[Arabia] v iew of conflict of authority with Capt. Bagley. 5 

20 Message of two Cherokee chiefs to Delawares, declaring 
Philadelphia friendship, but also a purpose to fight the French, and 

urging the Delawares to persuade their kindred on the 

Ohio to leave. f 8 

21 Gen. James Abercromby, desiring Johnson to fetch up 
Fort Edward Indian party, communicating plan for defense of 

Mohawk region, and condemning illicit trade of Pensil- 
vanians. 6 

May 30- [Capt. Jelles Fonda's] journal of trip to the Seneca 
June 24 country. 45 

27 Gov. Denny, explaining errand of Cherokees, on their way 
Philadelphia to Fort Johnson [24:8, 9], describing umbrage taken 
by Senecas at a measure recommended by Delaware 
king, and suggesting the need to know the limits of his 
authority, also mentioning New Jersey's move to ad 
just Indian claims, and asking intervention with the 
Senecas. 7 

27 Minutes, taken at Statehouse, of Cherokee message to 
Philadelphia Mohawks promise to fight the French, as Six Nations 

have desired. 9 

July 5 Sir William Johnson, from camp near Fort Edward, to 
Gen. Abercromby, charging, with some disgust, the 
lateness of his arrival to effects of an illicit rum traffic 
among his Indians. II 

5 Same to same, request for provisions and restraint on rum 

traffic. 12 

5 Revised copy of no. u. I2a 

Return of killed, wounded and missing in attack of July 

8 on works near Ticonderoga total 1947. I2b 

19 Sir William Johnson to Gov. Francis Bernard, of New 
Fort Johnson Jersey, referring hostilities of Minnisinks to land 
frauds, characterizing Tediuscung [23:286], telling of 
efforts to bring back the scattered Delawares living on 
the Ohio, and to obtain a wide Indian representation at 
meeting with government of Pensilvania, and suggest 
ing that New Jersey obtain, at that conference, a ratifi 
cation of her preliminary arrangement at Burlington 
of Indian troubles. 14 



July 21 Same to Gov. Denny, of Pensilvania, mentioning visit 
Fort Johnson o f Qierokees [24:7, 9], his efforts to engage Six 
Nations in deliberations desired by Pennsylvania 
[24:7], message to distant Delawares [24:14]; impress 
ing the advantages of Indian trade, justice to grievances 
and clear boundaries; and discussing Tidiuscung. 24:15 

Aug. i [Sir William Johnson] to Capt. John Lotteridge, in- 
Fort Johnson structions for scout to Oswego, by way of Oneida 
lake; with Lotteridge's commission as captain in Indian 
service. 16 

2 Summary, with dates, of Sir William Johnson's trans 

actions with Indians from July 19, 1756. 52 

2. Brig. Gen. John Stanwix's order to Abraham Mortier 
Fort Johnson to pay 500 to Sir William Johnson for the Indian 
service, particularly the employment of Indians in an 
expedition up the Mohawk's River under Lieut. Col. 
Broadstreet. 26 7 

8 Lucas Van Veghte, report of taking of Louisbourg, move- 
F rt ment of English fleet and army toward Quebec and 

Hendrick destruction of 16 French sail of the line by Admiral 

Clark. 24:18 

17 Commanding officer's orders to Maj. David Vander 
Albany Heyden to mount guard at blockhouses in view of 

reported French advance. 19 

20 Maj. Gen. James Abercromby's warrant to Abraham 
Lake George Mortier for payment of 1000 to Sir William Johnson. 26 :8 

28 Thomas Butler to [Sir William Johnson], account of" 
Cadaracquee capture of Fort Frontenac. 24:20 

30 Gov. Denny, inviting attendance at Indian conferences 
Philadelphia a t Easton, acquainting with invitations sent to Gov 
ernors of New York, New Jersey, Maryland and 
Virginia, and giving intelligence regarding Fort Du- 
quesne expedition under Gen. Forbes. 21 

30 Same to Lieut. Gov. De Lancey (copy), invitation to 
Philadelphia attend conference at Easton. 2<J 

Sept. i Sir William Johnson to Capt. Jellis Fonda, instruc- 
Fort Johnson t ions for building up a trade at Oneidas' carrying 

place and gathering information. 10 

3 Lieut. Gov. De Lancey, inclosing no. 22 and asking 
New York whether Six Nations send deputies and Johnson will 

go to Easton. 23 

4 Henry I. Wendell, sending news of Col. Bradstreet's 
Great Car- taking of Caderockque [Fort Frontenac] with vast 

rying Place stores and two shiploads of Indian goods. 17 

10 Sir William Johnson to Gov. De Lancey, saying that 
Fortjohnson } ie has provided for a deputation from Six Nations 
at Easton and referred his own attendance to Gen. 
Abercromby. 24 




Sept. 14 [Lieut. Gov.] James De Lancey, acknowledging in- 
New York formation concerning Easton conference and con 
gratulating on Bradstreet's success. 

16 [Sir William Johnson] to Gov. Denny, showing that 
Fortjohnson it will be impracticable for him to attend Easton 


21 George Croghan to [Sir William Johnson], communi- 
Easton eating facts about Fort Duquesne, Forbes's expedi 

tion and Pennsylvania's breach of contract, and 
commending Capt. Montour. 

26 Maj. Gen. James Abercromby's warrant to Abraham 
Lake George Mortier for the payment to Sir William Johnson of 

2000 sterling. 

Oct. 2 William Corry, concerning goods, transportation, ar- 
Albany r i va i o f troops, Sir John Sinclare's demand and good 

fortune of King of Prussia. 

5 Commandant Richard Smith to [Sir William Johnson], 
Fort regarding a message which he sends by an Indian. 


23 Sir William Johnson's account current with William 


24 Gov. William Denny, declaring success of confer- 
Easton e nce [24:21] and valuable assistance of Mr [George] 

Croghan, as against " a wretched and restless fac 

Nov. 8 Capt. Jelles Fonda's receipt in full for six months' pay 
Fortjohnson (156, 17 s) for services as captain in Indian service. 

10 Sir William Johnson to Gov. Denny, expressing pleas- 
Albany ure a t work done at Easton, and asking that copy 
of proceedings may be forwarded through Peter 
Wraxall, at New York. 

Invoice of goods shipped on the sloop Elisabeth, 
Gilian Van Ranselaugh master, on account of Sir 
William Johnson, consigned to William Corry, 

Dec. 27 Sybrant G. Van Schaick, declaring opposition in 
Albany coming election to Mr Livingston and regretting 

Livingston's success in wheedling Maj. Van Der 


Feb. 26 

Mar. 29 

Apr. 2 

Maj. James Clephane about an Indian captured and 
sent forward to Fort Johnson as a spy. 

Memorandum of goods and stores to be taken to 
Fort Harkemer for meeting of Sir William Johnson 
with Indians. 

H. Van Schaack to [Sir William Johnson], giving intelli 
gence of England's rejection of French offer of peace 
and the sailing of English fleet for New York. 










9 8 



Apr. 3 






[2 4 ] 

Capt. Jelles Fonda to [Sir William Johnson], news of 
Indians on their way to meet Sir William, with names 
of chiefs. 24:37 

Capt. Butler to Maj. James Clephane, report of rumor 
brought by scouts of enemy's design against the fort. 38 

Order by Lords of the Committee of Council for Planta 
tion Affairs, referring Benjamin Franklin's petition to 
Lords of Trade. [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 2:769-70; 
Q,2:447] 4:185 

Benjamin Franklin, agent of Assembly of Pennsylvania, 
to the King in Council, petition asking consideration 
of matters relating to lands of which the Indians 
charge unjust dispossession by the Proprietors of 
Pennsylvania. [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 2:770-72; Q, 
2 :447-48] 1 85 a 

Joseph Peepe, an Indian, soliciting a service to a sick 

Indian scout and a loan of money to himself. 24:40 

Gov. Denny to Teedyuscung and the Indians at 
Wyoming, speech announcing communications to 
be made by Frederick Post and Isaac Still, death of 
Gen. Forbes, late meeting between Indian deputies 
from Ohio head waters and English generals and 
governors, the purpose to drive the French from 
the western frontier, and preparations for a great 
council of peace. Also a speech, apparently by an 
agent, to the Indians. 59 

30 Daniel Campbell, concerning preparations for a funeral. 41 


May 16 Rob. Mackinlay to [Sir William Johnson], acknowl- 
NewYork edging kindness and introducing Dr McColm, surgeon 

to the Royal Scots. 42 

17 Sir William Johnson to Lords of Trade, recommending 
Fort Johnson reduction of Fort Niagara, extension of trade with In 
dians and satisfaction of their just complaints; with 
suggestions as to Indian superintendency and a defense 
of his own policy. [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 2:781-85; Q, 
2:453-55 and Doc. rel to Col. Hist. N. Y. 7:375-78] 4:186 
Peter Wraxall to [Sir William Johnson], writing of in 
cidents in Sir William's household, news from John 
son's son at school in Philadelphia, capitulation of 
Guadelope, Stanwix's excursion to westward, the Ohio 
patent, and a movement against Niagara. [Doc. Hist. 
N. Y. 2:785-87; Q, 2:456-57] 187 

W. Hervey, major of brigade under Gen. Prideaux, to 
[Sir William Johnson?], directions for care of an In 
dian prisoner. 24:43 

New York 





May 30 

June i 

New York 



July 19 



Aug. 2 

' 18 

William Corry, sending reports of naval movements and 
French preparations for deserting Lake George, and 
asking for a draft in favor of Capt. Craughan. 24:44 

Report of the Lords of Trade to the Lords of the Com 
mittee of Council for Plantation Affairs on Benjamin 
Franklin's petition [4:185, 1853]; describing recent 
negotiations and the concessions of the Proprietors to 
the Indians, and sketching history of Indian wrongs. 
{Doc. Hist. N. Y. 2:772-80; Q, 2:449-53] 4:188 

[Peter Wraxall] to [Sir William Johnson] about cor 
respondence, arrangements for campaign, European 
news and politics, East India possessions, report to 
Board of Trade, Maj. Rogers's [Rodgers] commission, 
etc. Woe. Hist. N. Y. 2:787-89; Q, 2:457-58] 189 

Gideon Hawley to Elisha Gunn, gunsmith at Onoho- 
quage, expressing grief for afflictions of Indians, and 
the wish that health permitted him to be a missionary 
among the Mohawks. 24:47 

Sir William Johnson to John Johnston, commissary, 
order for issuing provisions to Indians and for control 
of bateaumen. 48 

Thomas Ovell's returns of the guardhouse. 49 





[Sir William Johnson] to Lieut. Col. Farquhar, 44th 
regiment, orders and instructions for repairing fortifica 
tions of captured fort and care of garrison and pris 
oners. To Mr Dimler, for fortifying. To Capt 
Walton, for care and repair of stores. [Stone's John 
son, 2:392-93] 50 

John Visger to Col. Peter Schyler of the Jersey Blues, 
asking intercession with Gen. Amherst to the end that 
he may be allowed to trade at Niagara. 51 

An act of Assembly of the colony of Rhode Island re 
pealing all the laws which restrict or prohibit the 
native Indians within its bounds from disposing of 
their lands. (Copy) 25:105 

John Casper Lappius to [Sir William Johnson], con 
gratulations on taking of Fort Niagara. 24:53 

William Corry to [Sir William Johnson], intelligence 
that Gen. Wolf is cannonading Quebec, the French 
have abandoned Crown Point and an English fort is 
building there, Gen. Montcalm has written to Gen. 
Amherst to suggest mutual exercise of humanity, 
Albany lays burdensome tax on new merchants,, and 
citizens of New York talk of giving a medal to John 
son ; also application for secretaryship of Indian affairs, 
vacant through Mr Wraxall's death. 54 




Aug. 29 


Sept. 28 

Oct. 10 



Nov. 22 
New York 

New York 

Dec. I 

New York 





New York 


Orders of the King in Council, directing agent of Indian 
affairs to inquire into complaints of Delawares and 
report to Lords of Trade. [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 2:789-90; 
0,2:458] 4:190 

Information given by Henry Young, a German enlisted 
in French service, as to military condition of La Gallete 
[Oswegatchie], Isle Galot [He de Gallop], Point Paris 
and Frontenack. 191 

Sir William Johnson to William Baker, London, dis 
cussing value of Indian warriors in reduction of Fort 
Niagara, facilities for shipbuilding at that point, im 
portance of controlling Lake Ontario, the fort in proc 
ess of building at Oswego, and conduct of Mr De 
Visme ; also authorizing investment of money in 3% 
annuities and mentioning arrears of pay as colonel of 
Six Nations. 24 :55 

Maj. David Van Der Heyden to [Sir William Johnson], 
detailing late military movements of Frederick the 
Great and his British allies, with their successes against 
Austrians, French and Russians; also reporting Wolf's 
operations near Quebec. 56 

[Sir William Johnson] to Lieut. Col. Farquhar at Fort 
Niagara, mentioning the vessel building at Niagara, and 
the report of reduction of Quebec. 57 

Philip De Vismes about goods received from London, 
with invitation to stay at his house when in New York 
"in lieu" of that of the late Peter Wraxall. 4:192 

List of Indian goods. [4:192]. 193 

William Kelly about goods forwarded in charge of 
Gillian Ranselaugh and Abraham Van Valkenburg, and 
some sent by mistake to Richard Alsop, Connecticut, 
and draft on Sir William for balance of account; also 
the retaking of Dresden by King of Prussia and Brit 
ish successes on the sea and in East Indies. 24:58 

Same, relative to goods sent in charge of Abraham 
Cuyler and letters from England, forwarded in keeping 
of Lucas Van Vaghta. 4:194 

Lieut. Col. Eyre Massy, advising Johnson to go to Albany 
and meet Gen. Amherst, and mentioning comfortable 
condition at Fort Stanwix, opinion of commanders and 
engineers, and court-martial to try Capt. McLean. 195 

John Pownall, transmitting his Majesty's order to ex 
amine into the complaints of Indians relative to Pro 
prietors of Pennsylvania; and sending other papers. 
[Doc. Hist. N. Y. 2:791; Q, 2:459] 196 

Maj. Gen. Jeffery Amherst's warrant to Abraham Mor- 
tier to pay 1292, 9d to Sir William Johnson. 26:9 

Capt. John Lottridge, expressing thankfulness for offer 
to grant him leave of absence, but declaring preference 
for active duty. 4^97 



Sir William Johnson to the Oneidaes and Tuscaroras 
Fort Johnson about Oghquago, testimonial of loyalty to the 

English. 23:132 

Jan. 8 [Capt. Jelles Fonda] about business affairs, Indians, etc. 

Caneiore [Mutilated] 4:198 

Feb. 23 Maj. Gen. Jeffery Amherst, asking use of all diligence 
New York to fit the friendly Indians for service in ensuing 
campaign and to bring " Enemy Indians " into Brit 
ish alliance. 24:60 
Mar. 7 Sir William Johnson to Maj. Gen. Jeffery Amherst, 
Fortjohnson reporting conferences between Six Nations and 
French Indians, including Coghnawageys, defending 
his claim for salary as military officer, mentioning 
the King's order to examine Delaware claim 
[23:225, 4:190], giving assurance of purpose to use 
influence with Indians [24:60] and representing 
pitiful state of friendly Indians through failure of 
crops. 6l 
II Same to Brig. Gen. Gage, in forwarding intelligence 
Fort Johnson received from Mr Croghan at Pittsburg; giving 
opinion that " convoys " to that post should be 
guarded, and Indian irritation at the building of 
Fort Pitt may be overcome by generous donations. 62 
16 Maj. Gen. Jeffery Amherst, condemning lofty tone 
New York of French Indians and avowing determination to 
persist in reduction of Canada, approving 1 Johnson's 
speech to Six Nations, sending warrant for 5000 for 
equipment of Indian lighters and pleading that the 
military chest is low ; promising attention to 
starving Indians, mentioning Delaware grievance 
[23:225], and promising to refer Johnson's remarks 
about pay [24:61] to the King's ministers. 63 
16 Maj. Gen. Jeffery Amherst's warrant to Abraham 
New York Mortier directing payment to Sir William Johnson 

of 5000 for purchase of campaign goods for Indians. 26:11 
24 [Sir William Johnson] to Maj. Gen. Amherst, 
Fortjohnson acknowledging attention to requests, saying that 
Dr Shuckburgh, his secretary, will visit New York 
and furnish information as to Indian proceedings, 
and applying for ammunition. 24:64 

26 Brig. Gen. Thomas Gage to [Sir William Johnson], 
Albany acknowledging intelligence from Pittsburg, avowing 

ignorance of plans for the campaign and mentioning 
stories about purpose and condition of the French. 65 

27 Jonathan Ogden, recommending Cornelus Vandick for a 
Schenectady commission. 4:204 




Mar. 30 
New York 

Gen. Amherst to Gov. Hamilton [of Pennsylvania], 

assurances, to be communicated to Indians over 
the Ohio in coming convention, that he will reward 
services, protect lives and territory of the faithful 
and punish offenders. [Extract] 24:66 

Apr. 2 Same, promising ammunition, approving of gifts of 

New York clothing to Indians at Oswego and Niagara, pro 
nouncing intelligence received from Pittsburg to 
be mostly groundless, and inclosing communication 
to Gov. Hamilton [24:66] as basis of assurances 
to be made by Frederick Post to Indians in conven 
tion. 67 
3 Ferrall Wade, asking an order for 2000, to buy goods 

New York m Philadelphia. 4:205 

8 Sir William Johnson to Brig. Gen. Gage, asking per- 

Fortjohnson mission to feed Mohawks impoverished by destruc 
tion of their crops by droves of cattle passing 
through their fields, presenting their claim for dam 
ages, and asking for wagons and boats. 24:68 

13 Thomas Gage, consenting to furnish wagons and boats ; 
Albany promising to order provisions to be issued to Mo 
hawks at Forts Hunter and Hendrick and to refer 
claim [24:68] to Gen. Amherst; also mentioning 
capture of Col. Massey's servant by Indians, and 
their taking of several rangers and Inniskillings at 
Crown Point. 69 

14 [Philip] Henrick Kleine's recognizance in the sum of 
Albany 2 o, taken by Sir William Johnson. 4:206 

15 Capt. Jonn Lotoridge to Col. Haldimand at Fort On 

tario, intelligence received from Cayuga sacnem and 
Oswegatchy Indian, of French design to take that post 
and destroy Five Nations. [Copy] 24:70 

22 Sir William Johnson to Gen. Gage, inclosing letter from 

Castle Capt. Lotteradge and Lieut. Herring about danger of 

Cumberland Oswego, and urging need of boats and men to trans 
port Indian presents to Oswego and Niagra. 7 1 
22 Thomas Gage to [Sir William Johnson], giving informa- 

Albany tion received from Col. Haldimand and imparted by 

Swegatchy [Oswegatchie] Indians, relative to peril of 
Oswego, suggesting that scouts be sent to Swegatchy, 
and mentioning precautions for strengthening Fort 
Ontario. 7^ 

25 Sir William Johnson to Gen. Gage, pressing the matter 

Fort Johnson o f boats and wagons to carry Indian stores, denouncing 
deputy quartermasters who withhold them, also promis 
ing to send scouts to Swegatchy, and disapproving the 
privilege allowed to Indians from Swegatchy to trade 
at Oswego. 73 



Apr. 26 Thomas Gage to [Sir William Johnson], agreeing to 
Albany supply ammunition and bateaux, also bateaumen if 

sailors and rangers will do. 24:74 

27 Sir William Johnson to Gen. Gage, inclosing letter from 
Fortjohnson Capt. Butler, at Fort Standwix, mentioning measures 

for obtaining intelligence, and scoring French gas 
conade. 75 

28 Same to same about ammunition, bateaumen, party of 
Fortjohnson hostile Indians discovered by Mohawks crossing Sacon- 

daga river, and his preparations for repelling them. 76 

28 Thomas Gage to [Sir William Johnson], considering ob- 
Albany struction complained of in Johnson's letter of the 25th, 

explaining arrangement for better control of quarter 
masters, and giving some items of European news. 77 
28 Gw. Banyar, acknowledging receipt of trinkets and two 
New York scalps, mentioning arrival of Col. Amherst from Eng 
land, expressing opinion that Quebec and Louisiana 
were worth infinitely more to England than Hanover, 
speculating on measures for preventing Prussia from 
making an immediate peace, disapproving further ex 
peditions southward, and discussing Mrs Magin's 
land purchase. 4:207 
May 5 Tho's Gage, considering, further, obstructions to transpor- 
Albany tation [24:73], also ammunition, and mentioning that 

western Indians are wavering. 24:78 

Dec. i, 1759- Capt. Jelles Fonda's journal. 46 

May 15, 1760 

May 16 Gen. Amherst, expressing opinion, after conference be- 

Albany tween [George] Croghan and western Indians at Fort 

Pitt April 6, that they must choose English alliance, 

and showing how provincial troops are utilized in 

transporting army stores. 79 

17 Examination taken, under Col. Haldimand's orders, by 
Fort Ontario Captains Rutherfurd, Strechey, Prevost and Sowers, 

touching advisability of letting Oswegatchy Indians 
trade at that post [24 73] ; favorable testimony given 
by Capt. Lottridge, Albert Reighman and Christian 
Shamburn, who was lately a prisoner in Canada. 80 

18 Sir William Johnson to Gen. Amherst, acknowledging 
Fortjohnson letter of i6th, promising to collect a considerable war 

party of Indians when called upon, and sending copy 
of letter from an officer at Niagra. 81 

20 Same to same, sending by Lieut. Metrall letters from 
Fortjohnson Captains Butler and Lotteridge, and mentioning Indian 

messengers on the way. 82 

22 Gen. Amherst, commenting on Canadian news sent by 
Albany Captains Butler and Lotteridge; acquainting with Gen. 

Murray's defeat April 28 [at Ste-Foy], and considering 
condition of Quebec and Osvvego. 83 



May 23 Maj. Robert Rogers to Gen. Amherst, memorial regarding 
pay for duty at Fort William Henry, following cam 
paign of 1775. 24:84 

23 Sir William Johnson to Gen. Amherst, communicating 
Fort Johnson rumor that the French had taken Quebec and were on 

their way to Oswego ; also reporting his efforts to 
obtain news through Mississageys and others. 85 

24 Gen. Amherst, discrediting rumor that Quebec was re- 
Albany taken and Oswego threatened, assuming that Johnson's 

zeal will frustrate French endeavors to influence the sav 
ages, seeking an opinion on Maj. Rogers's memorial 
[24:84], and informing that garrisons will not be left 
at Forts Hunter and Hendrick when the army moves. 86 

25 Sir William Johnson to Gen. Amherst, information that 
Fort Johnson s i x Qniedas will scout as far as Swegachy, by way of 

Salmon creek, and that a captive ranger has been re 
turned by Indians; with opinion that Maj. Rogers 
should be paid [24:84], and opinion that a small gar 
rison should be left to guard stores at Fort Johnson. 87 

26 Gen. Amherst about ranger returned by Indians, three men 
Albany o f ^th battalion carried off, and need of caution with 

tribes professing friendship; also begging that John 
son will advise Col. Haldimand as to course with 
Indians trading at Oswego. 88 

26 [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Amherst about facilities, 
Fortjohnson including oilcloths, for transporting Indian goods, se 
curely, and succor to starving Senecas. 89 

27 Same to same on letter from Oswego relative to French 
Fortjohnson Indians trading there; craving Gen. Amherst's opinion. 90 

28 Same to same, advising that Col. Haldimand have dis- 
Fortjohnson cretion as to permitting Swegachys and Caghnewagas 

to trade at Oswego, and indicating proper measures for 
distributing food and clothing at Oswego among 
Indians. 91 

June 4 [Sir William Johnson] to same about arrangements for 
Fortjohnson sending Indians from Niagara to Prisque Isle under 
guidance of Mr De Coaugne, and inclosing extract from 
letter written by De Coagne, pertaining to trade at 
Fort Niagara, and the condition of Detroit. 92 

24 Sir William Johnson in account with the Crown from 
Fortjohnson December i, 1759, to March 16, 1760. 26:12 

26 Same to Gen. Amherst, suggesting that peace offers of 
Fortjohnson Swegachys at Oswego be accepted, and applying for 

money for expenses of the service. 24 194 

26 Same to same, discussing proper course with French 
Fortjohnson Indians coming to Fort Ontario, explaining the unusual 
number of the Iroquois visiting Fort Stanwix, and 
promising to join Amherst at Oswego with Indian 
warriors. 93 



July i Recorder Volckert P. Douw's certificates that the follow- 

Albany j n g have taken the abjuration oath, in accordance with 

the naturalization act of July 3, 1759: Lucas Vetter, 

Laurens Eeman, Coenraet Cratzinberger, George 

Stamm, Stephen Hip, Michael Russell, Andreas 

Sneider, Peter Fix, Philip Heinrich Clin, Johannis 

Wert, Adam Rupport, Francis Rupport, George Hip, 

George Kass, Peter Frederick. 4:208-22 

Memorandum of inquiries and purposes. [No name or 

date]. 199 

4 Sir William Johnson to Col. Haldimand, recommending 
Fort Johnson tnat Indians hitherto hostile, coming to Oswego with 
professions of good will, be well received, commending 
Haldimand's prudence, and promising soon to relieve 
him of care of Indian matters. 24:95 

23 Maj. Gen. Jeffery Amherst's warrant to Thomas Bar- 
Oswego r ow for the payment of 328, lod sterling to Sir 

William Johnson. 26:13 

23 Maj. Gen. Jeffery Amherst's warrant to Thomas Bar- 
Oswego r ow for the payment to Sir William Johnson of 

1321, is, 7d; account annexed. 14 

Aug. 2 Thomas Flood to Sir William Johnson at Oswego, 
Castle telling of drouth, haying, harvesting, building, saw- 

Cumberland ing, flogging slaves, transactions in flour and wheat, 

poor prospect for grain, etc. 5:1 

Sept. 15 John Wraxall to Sir William Johnson at Fort John- 
Bristol son, on the death of his son, Peter Wraxall. 2 
Oct. 10 Gw. Banyar to Mrs Sarah Magin about survey of 
New York l an d. 3 

15 George Croghan, congratulating Sir William on the 
Fort Pitt reduction of Canada and the humanity of the Indians 
under his command and introducing Mr Furry, in 
behalf of Maj. Gates. 4 

24 Sir William Johnson to W r illiam Pitt, Secretary of 
Fortjohnson State, sketching his conduct of Indian affairs since 

April 1755, and asking to be allowed to lay down the 
burden. 24:96 

Nov. i George Croghan, concerning journey to Detroat on 
Presqulsle Indian affairs. 5:5 

8 Maj. Gen. Jeffery Amherst's warrant to Abraham 
Albany Mortier for paying Sir William Johnson 1378, i6s, 

lod; account annexed. 26:15 

8 Warrant of same to same for paying Sir William 
Albany Johnson 838, 95, nd sterling. 16 

8 Warrant of same to same for paying Sir William 
Albany Johnson 507, is, lod sterling for the pay of bateau- 

men. 17 






Nov. 13 Pere Roubaud, a Jesuit, to Sir William Johnson, de- 
St Francois daring gratitude for benefits, also the intention of 
the Indians at the mission to send to Albany a 
young savage to take the place of one, a Loup 
d' Orange, killed the summer before, bespeaking gifts 
for aged Indian women and mentioning the desire 
at the mission for flags and an interpreter. [In 
French] 5:6 

An English translation of the foregoing. 24:97 

13 Acknowledgment by Nicolas Brant and other Indians 
that their fathers sold to Teady Maginis [Magin] a 
certain tract of land between the Canada creeks. 
[Copy] 4:202 

Lieut. Daniel Claus about return of Sir William to 
Albany, return of Mr St Luc Le Corn from New 
York, Maj. Rodgers at Detroit, affairs in Montreal, 
weather (winter set in November 8), disposition of 
the Ottawawas, arrival of 2000 Welsh troops in 
Quebec, and the King of Prussia's victory. 5 :j 

Dec. ii George Croghan, draft on Sir William Johnson in 
Fort Detroit f av or of Col. Edward Cole. 77 

Dr Richard Shuckburgh about news, letters and busi 
ness affairs. 8 

Gw. Banyar, inclosing a captain's commission for Ferrall 
Wade in place of John Lyne, discussing recent appoint 
ments in companies of Wade, John Johnson and Hen- 
drick Hansen, giving information about land purchases 
and patents, advising regard for present happiness 
and discussing Mrs Magin's matters. 9 

Dr Richard Shuckburgh, touching business, appoint 
ment expected from Lords of Trade through John 
son's influence, marine expedition leaving for South 
Carolina, and travel between New York and Mon 
treal. 10 

Lieut. Daniel Claus, mentioning sickness among In 
dians at Caghnawaga and fears for safety of Capt. 
Lottridgge and lamenting dullness of Montreal. 

Sir William Johnson to Alexander Colden, asking for 
Fortjohnson a survey of all the lands taken up, by patent or 
otherwise, between Schenectady and Fort Stanwix, 
on both sides of the Mohawk river. 12 

Dr Richard Shuckburgh, regarding Mr Croghan's 
Ohio Indian conference, Maj. Rogers's success at 
Detroit, Gov. Ellis of Georgia, victory of the Penn 
sylvania Proprietors over the people, the expected 
Indian secretaryship, etc. 13 

John Bradstreet about money advanced in 1756 for 
the public service. 14 


New York 

New York 

New York 



New York 





Sir William Johnson to several provincial govern 
ments (draft of intended letter), asking reimburse 
ment for expenses incurred in the war. [Written 
not earlier than close of 1760] 4:15 


Jan. 4 Francis Wade, letter of explanation concerning an 
Philadelphia account presented by the writer, and of apology for 

recommending Mr Fury (Furry?) for employment. 5:15 

4 Same, account current with Sir William Johnson. 16 

5 J. Stevenson, with regard to a bond, and also adminis- 
Albany tration in the case of a lot near Anthony's Nose, 

belonging to the estate of the late Gov. Burnett. 18 

6 [Sir William Johnson] to Goldsborrow Banyar, re- 
Castle citing details of a gift of land (40,000 acres) lying 

Cumberland north of the Mohawk, made to Johnson by 
the Conajohare Indians, mentioning surveys of 
lands taken up between Albany and Fort Stanwix 
[5:12], suggesting that legal notice be taken that the 
patent obtained by the late Capt. Martin Garritson 
for the use of the troop of Albany has been fraudu 
lently taken in his personal name and mentioning, in 
postscript, news, just received, of death of George 2. 19 

12 Return of those employed in department of Indian 
Fort Pitt affairs to the westward. Signed by George Croghan, 

deputy agent. 21 

13 [George Croghan], reporting success in opening com 

munication with Indian villages and obtaining per 
mission to build a trading house at Little Carrying 
Place of Sanduskey. 22 

13 Same, reporting departure of Maj. Rogers and Capt. 
Fort Pitt Montour for Misimilinaack [Michilimackinac] De 

cember 8, expedition of Lieut. Button to the 
Mamies' [Miamis] portage, and efforts to bring the 
French settlers from the Shannas to Fort Pitt, 
praising people and natural advantages of Detroit, 
mentioning English prisoners recovered, also a com 
ing conference of western Indians, discussing trade 
prospects, and suggesting exposure in New York 
Gazette of conduct of Pensylvaine government in 
sale of liquor to the red men. Mentions no. 21. 23 

18 Alexander Colden, consenting, to survey land on Mo- 
New York hawk [5:12] for 100 sterling or 150 currency and 
mentioning the competition for landholdings in Mo 
hawk and Oniedo countries, his intention to employ 
no Albany surveyors, his suspicions touching " a 
license obtained by Klock, and precautions for pro 
tecting the Indians against deception. 24 



Jan. 18 Sir William Johnson to Gen. Amherts, acknowledge- 
Fort Johnson i n g tidings of King's death, also honor conferred in 
the commendation of his services to the King by 
Gen. Amherst and Mr Pitt, declaring purpose to 
confirm the attachment of the Indians to British 
crown, and inviting attention to his claim for mili 
tary pay. [24:61] 24:98 

19 Dr Richard Shuckburgh about Johnson's letter to 
New York Capt. Tyrrel, who is reported dead, a requisition 

from England to the provincial governors for 
troops, and further English successes in the West. 5 :25 

20 Lieut. Daniel Cluas, inclosing his journal and a letter 
Montreal from priest at St Francis [5:6], also speaking of a 

court-martial on a challenge given by Lieut. Gambel 
to Capt. Charles Osborne and of an inquiry involv 
ing Maj. Beckwith, and advising as to the purchase 
of " curiosities " from French people about to leave 
Montreal for France. 26 

22 Same, imparting his fears that, under recent regulation by 
Montreal Gen. Amherst, he will be engaged in duty the expense 

of which will exceed his pay. 

Gw. Banyar, giving information of victory obtained No 
vember 3 by King of Prussia over the Austrians, urg 
ing attention to the Susquehanna land purchase, and 
announcing the issue of writs for the election of a 
General Assembly. 17 

26 Dr Richard Shuckburgh, with intelligence that Capt. 
New York Richard Tyrrel [5:25] is alive and will soon be an 
admiral, and information about market for " ginzeng," 
medals for Indians who accompanied English to 
Montreal, and high rate of exchange. 29 

28 Sir William Johnson to Gov. Thomas Pownall, thank- 
Fortjohnson fully acknowledging past kindness and present favor in 
recommending him for governor of New York, but sig 
nifying purpose to seek private tranquillity. 30 
28 Same to Alexander Colden, agreeing to pay price re- 
Fortjohnsou quired for survey of Indian lands [5:12], denouncing 
land transactions of Klock, mentioning Mohawks' gift 
to Johnson [5:19], and approving Colden's position to 
ward Albany surveyors. [5 -.24] 31 
Feb. i Thomas Wilson to [Sir William Johnson], letter of 
Montreall friendship and compliment, mentioning journey from 
New York, by way of Sorell, and St Laurence, after 
cruise of six weeks and three days from England, also 
prospects of trade in Montreal, and expressing grief 
for loss of late King " of glorious memory." 32 
i Mrs Sarah Magin, asking Johnson's attention to her 
land claim, and warning him of Clock's trespasses 
against their common interests. 33 




Feb. 2 Gw. Banyar, giving substance of two petitions, before the 
New York Council, for license to buy Indian (crown) lands, 
advising that these conflict with Johnson's claim 
[5:19], and counseling compromise; also giving opin 
ion on the Gerritsen matter [5:19]. 5-34 
2 Dr Richard Shuckburgh, mentioning Capt. Donald 
New York Campbell's governorship of Detroit, the desire of 
western Indians to take the warpath for the Eng 
lish, his disposition to embark for England, politi 
cal news of Westchester and Staten Island, like 
ness of Capt. Tyrrel to Sir William, and rumors of 
Mr Banjar's engagement to an heiress. 35 

2 Lieut. Daniel Claus, telling of willingness of Mr 
Montreal Chevalier la Corne to assist Sir William in exchange 

of two cows for a horse, the difficulty of buying " a 
little pany [Pawnee] girl," inferiority of Canadian 
Indian curiosities, Capt. Lottridge's trip to Albany, 
indications that troops will be sent home for 
European service, and his late Majesty's pleasure at 
humane behavior of his Indian allies. 36 

3 Jacob H. Ten Eyck and Volckert P. Douw, soliciting 
Albany support in their candidacy for members of General 

Assembly. 37 

3 David Van Der Heyden, bespeaking favor for candidacy 
Albany of Abram Yates (lately sheriff), and premising that 

Johnson's position will decide that of manors of Rens- 
laer and Livingston. 38 

6 Ferrall Wade's bill and receipt to David Quack. 39 

10 Sir William Johnson to Gw. Banyar, complaining of 
Fort Johnson failure to write, describing Indian grant to himself 
[5:19] and declaring purpose to urge right, mentioning 
his Susquahana purchase, protesting against Mrs Mc 
Ginn's [Magin] claim to the west of Takayuharonwe 
creek, denouncing character of Ury Klock, and charging 
race discrimination in local administration of law. 40 

10 Revised draft of no. 40. 41 

10 George Croghan, reporting departure of 100 Indians to 
Fort Pitt join Cherrokes, craving instructions with regard to 

employees of Indian service, explaining money transac 
tions with David Franks and Capt. Montour, and asking 
leave to visit Sir William. 42 

13 William Corry, giving results of election, rumor as to 
Albany movement of regiments from Montreal to the 

Massasippe; inclosing account; and seeking instruction 
as to legal process against several persons. 43 

13 Ferrall Wade's receipt to David Quack for 6, 5s, 8d. 44 

13 William Corry, account current [5 143] and a request for 
information on which to issue execution against Joseph 
Cannock. 45 




Feb. 19 B. Eisenlord, a schoolmaster in distress, beseeching aid 
Cannajoharie i n obtaining goods deposited with acquaintances in 


20 Jacob Kaller, Heinrich Meiear, Salamon Meier and 
Cannajoharie Hannes Diefendorff, certifying that Philip Livingston 
has given them the land they occupy, in. preference to 
maintaining title by force against Indians ; containing 
copy of Livingston's notice, signed October 15, 1754, 
that he will sell 3200 acres at los an acre, down. 
20 Copy of foregoing, with postscript indicating danger from 
Cannajoharie Indians to the river settlers. 

22 Maj. Gen. Jeffery Amherst's warrant for payment by 
New York Abraham Mortier of 1000 to Sir William Johnson. 

23 Gw. Banyar to [Sir William Johnson], warning of con- 
New York troversy over land claims and expressing willingness to 

renounce his own in Johnson's favor. [Mutilated] 

24 Dr Richard Shuckburgh, mentioning army promotions 
New York and discussing reductions in the service, including his 

own removal from Johnson's suite by Gen. [Am- 

26 Lieut. Daniel Claus on price of " Pany " girls (50 
Montreal or 60), purpose to send a horse by way of Lake Cham- 

plain while it was frozen, certain articles of wear for 
warded, Indian hunts, propriety of giving Gen. Gage 
copy of agreement between Sir William and Canadian 
Indians, Maj. Christi's intrigues against his superior, 
and ill treatment of the Indians by the 44th. 

Mar. i Sir William Johnson to Pere Roubaud at St. Francis, 
Fort Johnson about settlement of trouble between Abanakis and 
Loups de Orange [Mohegans] [5:6], directed to Lieut. 
Claus, deputy agent at Montreal, to advance 10 for 
Pere Roubaud's use, and his own good feeling toward 
St Francis Indians. [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 4:303-4; Q, 

2 Dr Richard Shuckburgh, with inclosure of Philadelphia 

New York newspapers; current reports as to licenses for engaging 

in Indian trade, delay of European arrivals and mails 

and preparations for military undertakings in the 


2 H. Van Schaack about anxiety of country people over the 

Albany impressing of their horses and sleighs, with request 

that Johnson will intervene to stop abuses, and mention 
of the election. [Mutilated] 
4 Sir W r illiam Johnson to [Richard?] Peters on disposi- 

Fortjohnson tion of western Indians, Indian meetings at Detroit 
and Philadelphia, coming examination of Tedyescung's 
complaint against Proprietaries [23:225], Gen. Am 
herst's discharge of Johnson's suite [5:49] and the 
Connecticut settlement in Pennsylvania. [23:171,172] 














Mar. 6 Joh : Casparus Fryenmoet, inquiring whether a servant 

Claverak gi r l whom Johnson has bought of the Indians may not 

be a daughter of Manuel Gunsales, of Menissinck, who 

was stolen by the Shawanese, and asking that Gun- 

sales's daughter may be restored. 

J. Stevenson on a payment of money and various land 
transactions ; mentions report that Gen. Monkton is 
Governor of New York. 

Sir William Johnson to Lieut. Daniel Claus [at Mont 
real], promising to meet needful expenses for the Cana- 
Cumberland dj an Indians, quoting Gen. Amherst's deliverance on 
economy and opinion of Pere Raubaud [5:6 and 24:97] 
with both of which he takes issue, mentioning trouble 
between St Francis and Stockbridge Indians [5:6], 
asking aid to enable Timothy Connor of Albany to 
collect 600 of John Sullivan at Montreal, mentioning 
Indian conference at Detroit "next spring" and at 
Philedelphia " next summer," also hostile feeling of 
Pensilvania and Tedyescung toward settlers from Con 
necticut [23:171, 172], asking for prayer books and 
almanacs for Indians, discussing personal matters, au 
thorizing aid to the missionary, Raubaud, and express 
ing apprehensions touching war against the Cherokees. 

Petition of 26 persons, " by education and profession Pro 
testants," to the Assembly for the passage of an act 
fur their naturalization. 

[Sir William Johnson! to Henry Wendell about Mrs 
McGin's land affair. [5 :33l 




John Dies on St Patrick celebrations, Gen. Monkton, 

and land buying on Onoyda lake and elsewhere. 
Witham Marsh about interruption of law proceedings by 
King's death, theft of plate and coins by Marylanders 
or Pensylvanians, medal in commemoration of vic 
tories of 1759, which he presents, battle of Torgau 
[won by Frederick the Great], and speculations as to 
provincial governorship. 

Dr Richard Shuckburgh about St Patrick's day at Fort 
Johnson, medal for the Indians, success of French 
privateers, Cherokee war and Col. Grant, the governor 

17 Sir William Johnson to Lieut. Daniel Claus, inclosing 
Fort Johnson deputy's warrant for Indian service and proceedings of 
Detroit conference, and touching affair between 
Abanackis at St Francis and Loups d'Orange at Stock- 
bridge [5:6], personal matters and Gen. Amherst's atti 
tude toward Indian expenses. 

New York 

New York 

New York 











Mar. 20 

New York 

New York 

New York 



La Preierie 

Apr. 4 


New York 

New York 


Same to Gw. Banyar, defending right to lands deeded by 
Canajoharie Indians [5:19], calling attention to inform 
ality of Mrs Magin's purchase [4:201], requesting that 
a petition for a patent may be drawn, inquiring as to 
charges for Harkemer patent, and asking for lists re 
lating to Mohawk river militia made out by Captains 
Nicholas Hansen, Peter Waggonnor, William Worm 
wood and Peter Connins ; and in postscript applying for 
a land license in behalf of Jacob Miller, and commis 
sions for Hendrick Fry jr, Peter Grimes, John Fry 
and Isack Barries as officers of a new militia company 
set off from Capt. Sufferinus Tyger's company at 
Stoiieraby. 5 163 

Abraham Mortier about draft on Mr Douw and money 

remitted by Farrell Wade. 64 

Dr Richard Shuckburgh, mentioning letters, printing of 
prayer books in the Indian tongue, stamped paper, his 
desire to be Johnson's secretary, English criticism of 
retention of so many troops in Canada, and Indian 
trade. 65 

William Weyman, inclosing blank bonds, a mathematical 
series, account with Parker & Weyman, and agreeing 
to print Indian prayer books at reasonable price. 66 

Lieut Daniel Claus, a request for aid in buying a 
captaincy, and for the hand of Sir William's daughter, 
Nancy, with an intimation that he will soon visit Fort 
Johnson. 67 

Rev. T. Brown, explaining his inability to meet the In 
dians at Fort Hunter on Sunday. [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 
4:304; Q, 4:196] 6$ 

Lieut. George Pennington, of the 44th, to M. Du Mus- 
seaux, recounting his exploit in clubbing Indians. 
[Translated from the French and inclosed in 5 :84] 85 

Kennedy & Lyle about an Indian trader, and business 

orders. 7" 

Hugh Cosgriff, applying for relief from imprisonment for 
debt. 69 

Gw. Banyar, discussing land grant by Canajoharies [5:19] 

and conflicting claims, including his own. 71 

Dr Richard Shuckburgh, mentioning medicines, and ex 
pressing again his desire to be reinstated by Gen. Am- 
herst as Indian secretary. 72 

Lieut Daniel Claus, giving account of his buying a horse 
for Sir William to match one presented by Monsr. St 
Luc de la Corne; also of the reduction of regiments in 
Canada, Gen. Gage's restriction of Caghnawageys' 
trade with Albany, the belaboring of Indians by 
[Lieut.] Pennington of the 44th, hanging of a New 



England man for cruelties at St Francis, and a draft 
on Johnson for 50. 5 73 

William Corry, discussing Albany politics and trouble 
over church pasture claimed by " old Bogardus," and 
informing of payment of note by William Cuningham. 74 

Dr Richard Shuckburgh about shipment of medicines, 
passes for Indian trade, Indian opposition to Connecti 
cut settlement in Pennsylvania [23:171, 172], Gen. 
Monkton's dogs, and marine affairs. 75 

Kennedy & Lyle, inquiring as to George Grochan's 
[Croghan] draft, presented by Maj. Robert Rogers, and 
announcing arrival of gunpowder. 76 

Daniel Jaqueri to [Sir William Johnson], information as 
to powder, shot and pistol balls in store, subject to 
Johnson's order. 78 

John B. Van Eps, regarding ammunition sent in care of 
Jacobus Johannes Van Norst and Cornelis Barhuyt. 79 

Lieut. Daniel Claus, craving advice in regard to captain's 
commission [5:67], speaking of Jacob Miller and of Mr 
Eisenlord, and of arrangement for sending a horse 
purchased for Johnson. 80 

Capt. John Lottridge, concerning draft on- Sir William 
for 35 New York currency in favor of Capt. Abraham 
Douw, a borrowed horse for the loss of which he must 
pay, and abuse of the Cahnnawages by men of the 44th, 
with Maj. Backwith's countenance. 81 

[Sir William Johnson] to Lieut. Claus, agreeing to assist 
in purchase of captain's commission, held at 1000 or 
Cumberland 1100, criticizing Gen. Gage's restriction of Coghna- 
wageys' trade with Albany [5:73], and reproving Lieut. 
Claus for secretly paying addresses to Miss Johnson. 
[5 :6;1 82 

2 William Corry on Albany politics, inability of a Jersey- 
man to get justice, and local discriminations in ad 
ministration of law. 83 

Lieut. Daniel Claus on a Pany belonging to the Mo 
hawks and held in Canada, ill treatment of Indians at 
Caghnawagey by the 44th, affairs of the late Capt. 
[Benjamin] Stoddert, and Pennington's maltreatment 
of Indians. [5 173, 5 185, March 27] 84 

Witham Marsh about medal, sent in care of Mr Jaqueri, 
and engraved glass and cover wrought in commemor 
ation of English victories. 86 

Gen. Amherst, promising that engagements with Canada 
Indians about trade shall be observed [5:73], mention* 
ing permit to Capt. Rutherfurd and others to settle 
near Niagara and approving a list of articles to be sent 
to Indians at Detroit. 24:101 

Apr. 9 


New York 





May i 




New York 

New York 



May ii Dr Shuckburgh about a meditated visit by O. De Lancey 
New York an d Mr Banyar, affairs of Mr [Thomas] Pownal and 

Johnson's standing with British ministry. 5 :8; 

12 Gov. James Hamilton, touching Connecticut settlement 
Philadelphia [23:171, 172] on Delaware and at Wyomink, his readi 
ness to forward investigation desired by Teedyuscunck 
[4:190], and reported conference of Indians at Phila 
delphia. [5:54] 24:102 
24 Lieut. Daniel Claus, acknowledging kindness in the matter 
Montreal o f captain's commission and deprecating the thought 
that Miss Johnson and he have acted independently of 
Sir William [5:82], also discussing improved relations 
with the Indians, the political value of missionary work, 
and sundry business affairs. 5 189 
28 Gw. Banyar, discussing claims which conflict with the 
Indian grant to Sir William [5:19] and showing legal 
status of the latter, and naming petitions for land 
purchases about Cosby's, Oriskany, Oneida Carrying 
Place, the Canada creek, Schoharie, Oneida lake, Wood 
creek and the Suquohanah. 90 
Dr Shuckburgh on circumstances which detain him at 
Col. Glen's, and his desire to be reengaged as Indian 
secretary. 91 
Sir William Johnson to Gw. Banyar, blaming for delay 
in furnishing information about land patent, condemn- 
CumbeHanJ mg the opposition to his claim [5:19] and mentioning 

his labors for settlement and protection of the country. 92 
6 [Sir William Johnson] to Oliver De Lancey, at Albany, 
Castle asking return of bonds given by Johnson to Sir Peter 

Cumberland Warren, also of deed from Phillip Phillips,^ and offering 

to lease two lots. 93 

8 [Sir William Johnson] to Gov. Hamilton, of Penn- 
Castle sylvania, touching obstinacy of Connecticut settlers 

Cumberland [23:171, 172] and Tedyescung's charge [23:225] against 

Proprietors. 94 

10 Lieut. Daniel Claus on trouble between Abinaquis and 
Montreal Stockbridge Mohegans [5:6], request of St Francis 
Indians, prices of commodities, loss of wheat by drouth, 
movements of regiments, release of prisoners held by 
Indians, and marriages of British officers to French 
women. 95 

17 H. Van Schaack about remonstrance by common council 
Albany against conduct of [Col.?] Bradstreet. 97 

17 Same to [Sir William Johnson] on the mayor's avoidance 
[Albany] o f duty, Bradstreet's influence in county and recom 
mendation of Harmanus Schuyler for sheriff, and war 
movements on the continent. 98 



June 5 



June 17 

Capt. Donald Campbell to Maj. Walters at Niagara 
(copy), communicating news of a plot of the Senecas 
for combining all Indian nations against the English 
and cutting off Forts Niagara and Pitt, and mention 
ing his measures for its defeat. 
18 [Sir William Johnson] to [Cadwallader Golden?] on 


New York 

New York 

New York 

New York 

New York 


[July 8] 





Fort Johnson failure of Capt. Ferrall to receive an appointment and 
the propriety of appointing Englishmen, also on the 
opposition to the Indian grant to himself [5:19], the 
unwillingness of the Mohawks to sell more land and 
the unwisdom of forcing their inclination. 

Oliver De Lancey, promising to return bonds as soon as 
Lady Warren's consent can be gained, also deed, and 
proposing joint purchase of Mrs Cosby's lands. [Doc. 
Hist. N. Y. 2:794; Q, 2:461] 

Alexander Col den, explaining delay in plotting the patents 
between Albany and Fort Stanwix [5:12], stating his 
procedure in all surveys of Indian lands, and offering to 
resign interest in the purchase which interferes with 
the Canajoharies' grant to Johnson. [5 :i9] 

Gw. Banyar, considering land transactions of Johnson, 
Mrs Magin, Klock and Germans near German Flatts. 

Same about Johnson's petition for land given by Can 
ajoharies, with an account of transactions from 1754, 
covering the territory between the two Canada creeks, 
a criticism of Johnson's claim [5:19] and a vindication 
of the Crown interest in patents, and a defense of 
Maj. Rogers's project for a settlement on Lake George. 24:104 

Mattheus Ernest about Coenradt Critzenberger's pas 
sage money, German immigration to Mohawk country 
and European goods kept in store by his son. 

Peter du Bois, in relation to a deed of trust to be 
executed in his favor by Johannis Hendrickse 
Vrooman and a purchase of madeira which will be made 
for Johnson. 

Capt. Donald Campbell to [Gen. Amherst], account 
(copied) of proceedings at Wiandot town, in which 
deputies from the Six Nations attempt to combine the 
Wiandots, Ottawas, Chippawas and Pouteowatamis 
in alliance against the English, the betrayal of the offer 
in open council at Fort Datroit and the engagement of 
the Iroquois deputies to abandon their enmity against 
the English. 24:105 

8 Gen. Amherst, sending copies of letters from Capt. Camp- 
Albany bell and Maj. Walters, also of Capt. Campbell's letter 

to Maj. Walters. [24:103] 

8 Capt. Donald Campbell to [Sir William Johnson], send- 
Detroit ing account of Indian proceedings at Wiandot town 






July 1 1 






Aug. 9 



[24:105], discussing condition and sentiments of 
western tribes as well as need of a liberal policy, and 
mischief of the rum trade at Detriot. 5:106 

Copy attested by William Peters, notary public, of letter 
of June 6, 1757, from George Croghan to Gov. Denny 
and provincial commissioners on Indian presents, with 
order to pay Paull Peirce 119, 8s, 6cl for goods; of 
letter of August 29, 1758, from Gov.. Denny to commis 
sioners on Peirce's account; and of the legal protest 
against Croghan in Peirce's behalf in view of the com 
missioners' refusal to pay the bill. 107 
Gen. Amherst to Sir William Johnson [at Oswego] on 
a murder committed by an Indian, his purpose to protect 
the rights of the Indians and punish their ill doing, 
irregularities in the Indian trade, and Johnson's journey 
to Detroit. 108 
[William Baker?], discussing value of stocks, advising 
measures to obtain salary due for Johnson's military 
command and mentioning Mr Pitt's inattention to 
letters ; postscript of August 6. 24 : 106- 
[Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Amherst, discussing news 
received from Detroit [24:103, 105], relating interviews 
with Tuscaroras and Onondagas, and warnings given 
by the Conajoharees, and speaking of meetings to be 
held with the Senecas and the Mississaggaes and con 
dition and needs of the western tribes. 5'. no- 
Account of meeting between Sir William Johnson and 
Chipeweighs and Mississagas. 24:109(1) 
[Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Amherst, relative to pro 
ceedings with Chipeweighs and Mississagaes and their 
requests, as well as the subject of encroachments on In 
dian territory, particularly at Niagara and Sandouski, 
also reinforcing the Detroit garrison. [Stone's John 
son, 2:145-47] 5:iir 
Same to same, rough draft of foregoing. 24:107 
Gen. Amherst, commenting on the frustrated conspiracy 
at Detroit [24:105], reinforcing his assurances of good 
to friendly Indians, condemning policy of presents to 
Indians, renewing declaration that their lands will be 
protected, but declaring purpose to maintain a post at 
Niagara falls and build a blockhouse at Sandusky. 5:112- 
Same, communicating intelligence of capitulation of citadel 
on Belleisle to British arms and of defeat inflicted by 
Col. Grant on the Cherokees. 113 
Speech of " the Belt," on occasion of a meeting of John 
son and some Senecas, expressing fears for the safety 
of Johnson's journey and begging a small gift of pro 
visions and ammunition and a keg of rum. 24:109(2)' 




Aug. 3-12 

Conference of Lieut. Gov. James Hamilton, of Penn 
sylvania, Richard Peters and Benjamin Chew of the 
Council, Joseph Fox, provincial commissioner, and 
others, with deputies of the Onondagoes, Cayugas, 
Oneidas, Nanticockes, Mohickons, Delawares, Tuteloes 
and Conogs ; Samuel Weiser, James Sherlock, Joseph 
Pepy, Isaac Stille and David Seisberger, interpreters. 
[Penn. Col. Rec. 8:630-54] 24:108 

3 Seneca George, speaker, condolences and suggestions 

as to permanent interpreters. 

5 Tokahaio, a Cayuga chief, speaks and delivers a 
message for seven nations beyond the lakes ; 
Papoman, by a deputy, presents a message relative 
to white captives ; and Teedyuscung, Delaware king, 
declares amity and relinquishes claim to the lands 
at Wyoming. 

7 Lieut. Gov. Hamilton responds and appoints Samuel 

Weiser to the place formerly held by his father 
Conrad Weiser, deceased. 

8 Joseph Pepy, for the seven nations, recalling councils 

with Sir William Johnson [June 1755] at Mount 
Johnson and in 1760 at Oswego, and complaining 
that he has not redeemed a promise to supply their 
losses by war with prisoners, also complaining that 
they are hemmed in by forts and not honestly sup 
plied with ammunition. 

10 Takaheico [Tokahaio], for the Six Nations, com 

plains of encroachments on territory and dearness 
of goods, and asks extension of trading privileges, 
restriction of rum traffic and care in selection of 
envoys. James Sherlock reports the demand of the 
Onondagos on the Delawares for surrender of 
English captives and refusal of the Delawares to 

11 Lieut. Gov. Hamilton replies to Teedyuscung, dis 

suading him from removing with his people from 
Wyoming; replies to Papoonan; and to the seven 
nations, defending character and purpose of Sir 
William Johnson, relieving Pennsylvania of blame 
for Connecticut settlement at Cushetunk [23:171, 
172], refusing to erect a trading house at Dihaga, 
and reproaching some of the Indians with unfaith 
fulness in the matter of delivering up captives. 
Governor again, deploring murder of several In 
dians, and pledging redress. Teedyuscung, demand 
ing payment for lands [23:225]. Tokahaio, con 
cerning Indians held in Maryland and the Dela 
ware land grievance. 



Aug. 12 Governor and others privately with chief of the 

Onondagos : Aschenoch, speaker, asking a duplicate 
of a treaty ; Jeoquanta asking for a horse and aid in 
the sale of beaver skins. 

12 Governor, in public conference, reminding Teedyus- 
cung that delay in the investigation of his charge 
against the Proprietary [23:225] is his own fault; 
assuring the seven nations of willingness to aid 
in recovery of their brethren held in Maryland, 
also of the readiness of the Proprietors to examine 
the Delaware claim, though examined and con 
demned by Six Nations in 1742; and announcing 
a distribution of presents among the Indian visitors. 
19 [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Amherst; writes that, 
Little boats having arrived and he having surmounted the 

Niagara difficulty of the Niagara carrying place, he will set out ; 
that Maj. Gladwin's detachment is detained by winds; 
that Senecas disavow plot of July 3 [24:105]; and he 
has given orders for regulation of trade at Niagara 
and Oswego. 5:115 

19 Johannes Van Derwerken and Jorg Schenck's agreement, 
Ston Rabi witnessed by Christian Dillenbach and Wilhelmus Dil- 
lenbach, by which Van Derwerken binds himself, in 
loo New York currency, to give title to 59 acres, and 
Schenck obliges himself, in the sum of 100, to pay 
50 in instalments of 20, 15 and 15 for the land. [In 
German] 116 

31 Lieut. Gov. Hamilton to Gen. Amherst, (extract) trans- 
Philadelphia mitting proceedings of Easton conference [24:108] and 
mentioning Indian complaint against Sir William John 
son. 119 
Sept. 3-4 Sir William Johnson's account of his reception at Detroit 
[Detroit] and preliminary meetings with Shawnese, Delawares, 
Mohickans, Wiandots, Powtewatamis, Ottawas and 
Chipeweighs. 24:110 
6 Same, memoranda of heads of inquiry: touching num- 
[Detroit] bers, dispersion, connections and disposition of 
western tribes, number, strength and trade of 
French posts in Indian country, shipping and navi 
gation of Lakes Huron, Mitchigan and Superior, 
and boundaries of French possessions. in 
6 Gen. Amherst to Lieut. Gov. Hamilton, expressing hope 
Staten that copy of proceedings has been sent to Johnson at 
Island Detroit. 5:"9 

10 [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Amherst, reporting 
Detroit scarcity of food, opening of Council September 9, 

illness of Maj. Gladwin, departure of Capt Balfour 
with 120 men, return of Capt. McCloud [McLeod?] 
to Niagara for provisions, and apprehension that 
boat carrying interpreter is lost on Lake Erie. 118 



Sept. 10 [Sir William Johnson] to Maj. Walters at Niagara, 
Detroit by Capt. McCloud, relative to disposition made for 

outposts and the need of food and ammunition. 24:112 
13 Lieut. Gov. Hamilton to Gen. Amherst, suggesting in what 
Philadelphia ways Johnson may be made acquainted with the pro 
ceedings. 5 :II 9 
16 Sir W'illiam Johnson, instructions to officers at different 
Fort Detroit posts among northern and western Indians, regarding 
behavior of garrisons, interpreters, traders, smiths and 
system of communication. 24:113 
16 Gov. [Golden] to Cornelius Hornbeck, Levi Pawling, 
New York Jacob Hornbeck, Col. Hardenbergh, Col. Ellison, 
Lieut. Col. Haasbrouck and Jacobus Bruyn (copy), 
instructions for a meeting with Indians relative to 
recovery of captives in hands of the savages. 5:120 
23 Gen. Amherst on new trade regulations at Oswego 
Staten and Niagara, Easton conference [24:108], informa- 
Isiand tion, received from Sec. Pitt, that the King has de 
manded in marriage the Princess Charlotte of 
Mecklenburgh Strelitz, and coming coronation. 122 

29 Capt. Balfour's speech to Outawas and Sauteaux, offer- 
Michillimak- i ng pardon for alliance with the French, reminding 

inac of completeness of Britain's victory, explaining the 

King's purpose in sending soldiers and merchants 
among them, exacting a surrender of prisoners, and 
threatening punishment for any hostile conduct. 
Quinonchaming, Ottawa chief, speech acknowledg 
ing English clemency and intimating friendly disposi 
tion of his people. 123 

30 Kipimisaming, a Delaware living among the Sauteurs, 

expressing in their name appreciation of English 
forbearance and regret for their part in the war, and 
begging succor for those about to perish by hunger 
and cold. Capt. Balfour, reproaching the Sauteurs 
for selling their peltry for rum and inviting desti 
tution, but promising aid for one winter, and ex 
horting to honesty. [In French] 123 
Translation of the foregoing by Lieut. Guy Johnson, 

acting secretary for Indian affairs. 24:114 

30 Capt. Daniel Claus, stating condition of Indian mat- 
Montreal ters in Canada, declaring his pleasure that the 
French officers have departed for home and his hope 
that Gen. Amherst will do likewise; in postscript, 
thanking Johnson for loan of 800 toward purchase 
of commission and relating manner in which he 
was defrauded in the purchase. 5-124 

Oct. 6 David Schuyler Jun'r's receipt to John Glen for 
Schonectady gj, ios, for one trip to Fort Stanwix with 15 men 
and one to the Little Falls with 17 men; witnessed by 
John Fry. 6:246 




Oct. 12 George Croghan, sending return of people required 
Fort Pitt in western department of Indian service, reporting 

that 338 prisoners have been given up at Fort 
Pitt by Indians since June 1759, and sending his ac 
count, for presents to Cherrokes, repudiated by 
Pennsylvania commissioners, with the protested 
bill [5:107]. 5:128 

12 Same, return of people required in western branch of 
Fort Pitt Indian service. 129 

27 Capt. D. Clans, sending his journal and account of ex- 
Montreal pendilures, with suggestions as to need of a more 
liberal policy toward Canadian Indians, also inclos 
ing for revision a memorial to Gen. Amherst con 
cerning the imposition practised on him in buying 
his captain's commission [5:124] and asking the 
favor of a word with. Gen. Amherst to procure him 
permission to 'visit Fort Johnson. 125 

30 Pere Roubaud, imparting two discoveries that of 
St Francis a silver mine in an Acadian river, known only to 
Vaudreuil, late Governor of Canada, an Indian and 
himself, and that of a project of the Abenakis to 
move to new hunting grounds; and craving oppor 
tunity to treat with Johnson regarding these dis 
closures. [In French] 126 
Translation of the foregoing. 127 
Nov. 5 [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Amherst on proceed- 
Fortjohnson ings with western Indians, his reports, Capt. Camp 
bell's account of expenses, the complaints made 
against him at Easton [24:108] and his measures 
for relieving condition of the Indians complaining. 131 
5 [Sir William Johnson] to Gw. Banyar, conveying re- 
Fortjohnson grets for trouble caused by Canajoharies' gift to 
him [5:19], acknowledging generosity of Banyar 
and [Alexander] Golden, offering to admit them to 
an advantageous purchase in Mohawk country, ask 
ing that a caveat may be entered against Klock's 
land transactions, and rallying his correspondent 
on love affairs. 132 

5 Gen. Amherst to Lieut. Richard Smith, of the In- 
New York depen[d]ent (copy), acknowledging memorials re 
garding grant of land at Fort Schuyler, and refer 
ring him to other authority. 142 

6 [Sir William Johnson] to Lieut. Gov. Cadwallader 
Fortjohnson Golden, confessing irritation at unwarranted opposi 
tion to the Mohawks' gift of land [5:19] and speak 
ing of his success with the western tribes. 24:115 

7 James Peters, mentioning need of medicines at the post 

Fort Stanwix f or suffering Indians. 5: 133 


{ " 


Nov. 14 [Sir William Johnson] to Capt Claus, speaking of ex- 
Fort Johnson pected conference with Six Nations, failure of 
Chenussios [Genesee Indians] in their conspiracy 
[24:105], need of a unified system of Indian manage 
ment, and his expectation of a visit. 5 :I 34 

14 Same to David Franks, informing him that he has 
Fort Johnson drawn on him for 586 in favor of Francis Wade of 

Philadelphia. 135 

15 William Darlington about goods sent on Abraham 

New York Cuyler's sloop. 136 

16 Conference at Kingston between New York special 

17 commissioners [5:120] and Delawares (copy): the 
former demand surrender of white captives; the lat 
ter allege that delivery of prisoners is hindered by 

Six Nations. 137 

Col. [Abraham] Haasbrouck to Lieut. Gov. [Colden], 
account (copy) of duplicity practised by Delawares 
at Kingston conference. [5:137] 138 

17 Sir William Johnson to Rev. Eleazer Wheelock, re- 
Fortjolmson garding a school for instruction of Indian youth, 
which he promises still further to encourage, and Kirt- 
land's [Rev. Samuel Kirkland] intention of learning 
Mohawk language. Mentions Joseph [Brant]. [Doc. 
Hist. N. Y. 4:305-7; Q, 4:i97-98] 140 

21 Lieut. Richard Smith, acknowledging great liberality 

of Sir William and condescension of Gen. Amherst. 
[5:142] 14? 

22 Gen. Amherst, commenting on Indian affairs, advising 
New York conference with Six Nations, giving leave to Lieut. 

[Guy] Johnson to assist at Fort Johnson in prep 
aration of records, acknowledging receipt of Capt. 
[Donald] Campbell's " accompts," and mentioning 
departure from the " hook " of 71 sail bearing Gen. 
Monckton and army. 143 

23 Gw. Banyar, offering objections to Johnson's proposal 

New York o f November 5 regarding land purchase. 144 

26 William Kelly about a negro who has fled from John- 
New York son to Connecticut, also investments in land, the 

Cosby tract and another. 145 

30 [Sir William Johnson] to George Croghan about 
Fort Johnson needs of Indian service in the west, seeds sent by 
Croghan from Fort Pitt, and Johnson's sufferings 
from wound received in battle of Lake George 
[September 8, 1755]. 146 

Peter du Bois to [Sir William Johnson], mentioning 
wine bought of Philip Livingston in New York for 
Johnson, trouble in obtaining land lately purchased 
of Conajoharies, death of Czarina Elizabeth and 
European military affairs. 130 



Dec. 3 Capt. Claus on Indian relations dislike of the 
Montreal Caghnawageys by those in authority, their ill usage 

at hands of soldiery, his efforts to conciliate, Eng 
lish intoxication with success; also his inclination to 
sell his commission, and troubles and visionary 
schemes of Pere Roubaud, Jesuit missionary. 5: 147 

4 [Sir William Johnson] to Volgert P. Dow, Jacob H. 
Fort Johnson Tenyke, Abraham Ten Brook and Nicholas Grote, 
members for Albany county, setting forth the neces 
sity of legislative regulation of bateaumen's and 
wagoners' charges in order to get goods to western 
Indians at reasonable prices; also of a new law for 
improvement of highways. 148 

4 [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Amherst, to congratulate 
him on recent honor [conferring of title], to comment 
on ungenerous treatment of George Croghan by Penn 
sylvania [5:107] and maintain necessity of aid to 
Indians suffering from loss of crops or interruption of 
trade by war. 149 

6 [Sir William Johnson] to same, revised form of fore- 
Fort Johnson going. 150 

6 [Sir William Johnson] to same, another draft of 5:150. 24:116 
Fort Johnson 

6 [Sir William Johnson] to Gw. Banyar, proposing more 
Fort Johnson advantageous arrangements of land dispute than were 

offered in Johnson's letter of November 5. 5:151 

6 [Sir William Johnson] to Capt. Gavin Cochran, con- 
Fort Johnson gratulations on recovery from illness. 152 

12 Earl of Egremont to [Gen.] Sir Jeffery Amherst (ex- 
Whitehall tract) pointing to the necessity of correcting the 
trickery of English traders in their dealings with 
Indians and compelling imitation of the more hon 
orable French practice. 153 

15 Sir William Johnson to William Kelly about buying Mrs 
Fortjohnson Cosby's lands, and recovery of a negro who has run 

away to Connecticut. 154 

16 William Corry, giving news of William Pitt's resigna- 
[Albany] tion of secretaryship of state and succession of Earl of 

Egramont, mentioning legal troubles of Capt. Marsh 
and Mr Liddeas [Lydius?], and inviting Johnson to 
Christmas turkey. 155 

21 Gw. Banyar, accepting, for himself and Mr Colden, John- 
New York son's offer [5:151] concerning land purchase on the 

Mohawk. 156 

22 Dr Richard Shuckburgh to Sir William Johnson at Kings- 
Fort Johnson burgh, on his illness, the Indian secretaryship and the 

clerkship of Albany county. 157 



Dec. 28 Lists of articles that belonged to the Indian John who 
died in the hospital at New York December 28, and of 
articles belonging to the Indian Cram, an inmate of 
the hospital all in keeping of Garret Abeel, clerk. 5:158 
Fragment of letter, containing an incident about Mr 
Pownell and government of Jamaica. [Without ad 
dress, date or signature] 159 
30 Gen. Amherst, asking report on the accounts of George 
Croghan and Lieut Butler, criticizing their magnitude 
and suggesting that prohibition of sale of rum to In 
dians would promote economy in Indian service. 160 

Jan. 4 Daniel Campbell, agreeing to give 300 or 400 for a bill 
Schencctady on New York and mentioning some rum to be included 

in accounts of Fort Niagara. 161 

4 Gen. Amherst, pass permitting George McMichael to con- 
New York vey an Indian named Cram from New York to Fort 

Johnson. 162 

6 Mrs [Grace] Cosby to [Charles] Williams, about sale of 

her lands. (Extract inclosed with letter to Shuck- 
burgh, 5:245) 6:2 

7 [Sir William Johnson] to Gw. Banyar, objecting to ap- 
Fort Johnson parent suspicions regarding his last offer [5:151] for 

accommodating difference about land, describing tract 
desired by Ury Klock and Klock's evil behavior toward 
Conajohare Indians, giving opinion of lands around 
Lake George, and suggesting removal of obnoxious 
justices in Mohawk country. 5:164 

7 [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Amherst, considering 
Fort Johnson means of obtaining release of captives held by Mini- 
sinks and Monseys, asking instructions relative to pub 
lishing treaty of Detroit, defending expenditures of 
George Croghan and Lieut. Butler and agreeing that 
rum trade among the Indians should be opposed. 165 

7 Colin McLelland's evidence about Ury Klock's method 

of obtaining deeds from Indians. 24:117 

7 Deposition of Conrad Timmerman and Daniel Miller 
regarding base action of Urie Klock and connivance of 
Justice Tillebach in matter of Domine Lappius's salary; 
sworn before Sir William Johnson. 119 

10 [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Amherst, asking rein- 
Fort Johnson statement of Dr Shuckburgh as Indian secretary or his 

reappointment to place of army surgeon. 5:166 

10 Articles of indenture by which Abraham Messigger 

binds himself in service to Fredrick Bourghsdorff of 
Kingsbourgh. 20 

11 Rev. John Caspar Lappius's story of outrageous treat 

ment at hands of Ury Clok, Justice Tillebagh and 
others. 24:118 

I2 4 



Jan. 13 John Welles, letter of compliment, containing copy of con- 
Mcntreal gratulatory address presented by English trading people 
at Montreal on New Year's to Maj. Gen. Gage, 
Governor of the city, and copy of his response. 5^67 

14 Deposition of Johan Joost Klock regarding fraudulent 
practices of Ury (George) Klock to get deeds of In 
dian lands ; sworn before Sir William Johnson, of his 
Majesty's Council. 24:120 

14 Draft of foregoing. On same sheet, memoranda of letter 
to be written to Gen. Amherst, and one to be written 
to Lieut. Gov. Golden concerning practices of Ury 
Klock and countenance given by Justice Dillebagh 
[Tillebach]. 121 

14 Sir William Johnson to Gw. Banyar, speaking of Klock's 
land transactions with Indians, and attributing Banyar's 
remissness in letter-writing to influence of fashion. 5:168 

16 Hendrick Frey Ju'r, telling at request of Paules, an In- 
Canajohary dian, of unsuccessful effort by Canajoharies to make 
George [Ury] Klock explain the methods by which he 
got a deed of their land. 24:122 

1 8 Abraham Mortier, acknowledging receipt of warrants 

New York drawn by Gen. Amherst, amounting to 3305, 145, 2d 

sterling, equal to 5666, i8s, 7d New York currency, 

and inclosing order drawn on Abraham Dow for 1420, 

lod New York currency. 5^69 

18 Hugh Wallace, inclosing letter and offering assurance of 

New York regard. I7O 

19 William Kelly about an interest in the purchase of the 
New York Cosby lands, and the character of former Lieut. Gov. 

DeLancey as a politician. 171 

20 [Sir William Johnson] to James Johnson, deputy quarter- 
Fort Johnson master-general, concerning money paid to the former 

in Gen. Shirley's time. 17-2 

20 Jacob H. Ten Eyck, Volckert P. Douw and Abraham 
Albany Ten Broeck, members for Albany county, expressing 

opinion that excessive charges of bateaumen and 
wagoners will be depressed by general decline of wages, 
informing that Legislature has increased the fine for 
refusing to work on highways, and asking advice as to 
new justices of the peace to be appointed. [5:148] 173 

20 [Sir William Johnson] to Lieut. Gov. Golden on certain 
Fort Johnson flat lands claimed by Mohawks and by corporation of 

Albany, white prisoners held by Indians dependent on 

Six Nations, and testimony collecting against Klock. 174 

21 Dr Richard Shuckburgh, expressing gratitude for recom- 
NewYork mendation to Gen. Amherst, and giving substance of 

news from England. 173 

W. Browne to James Stevenson, accepting offer made by 

Salem, Mass. Johnson for lot in Mohawk country. 




Jan. 23 Deposition of David Schuyler relative to manner in which 

Collins, a surveyor, " cut off " farms from the Indian 

flats. 24:123 

28 Sir William Johnson to Abraham Mortier, to say that 

Fort Johnson he has sent order on Abraham Dow to that gentleman 

and has drawn on Mortier in favor of Ferrall Wade. 5: 176 
30 [Sir William Johnson] to Lieut. Gov. Golden, condolence 
Fortjohnson on death of wife, and apology for intrusion of public 

matters. 177 

Feb. i Gw. Banyar, discussing details of land purchase at 
New York Canajoharie. 178 

i Sir William Johnson to George Wray, clerk of ordnance 
Fortjohnson stores, concerning ammunition for the Indian service. 179 

i Gw. Banyar, informing that members of the Council are 
New York required to attend and renew their official oaths, 183 

5 [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Amherst, concerning late 
Fortjohnson visit of Onondagas, Oneidas, Tuscaroras and Mohocks, 

investigation of land frauds, origin of title obtained by 
Ury Klock from Mr Livingston, petition of Albany, 
Schenectady and other traders for permission to trade 
at Little Niagara, and disposition to be made of unsold 
rum at several posts. (Sent only in part) 184 

6 [Sir William Johnson] to same, revised form of fore- 
Fort Johnson going, paragraph on Livingston tract omitted. 180 

6 [Sir William Johnson] to Lieut. Gov. Golden, inclosing 
Fortjohnson list of men whom Johnson recommends for justices of 

the peace. 181 

6 [Sir William Johnson] to members for Albany county 
Fortjohnson [5:148, 173] regarding charges for bateau and wagon 
service, liquor trade, work on highways, and justices of 
the peace sending list of names for Mohock, Conejo- 
haree and Stonerabia, Burnetsfield, Cherry Valley, 
and Scohare districts. 182 

8 Dr Richard Shuckburgh, expressing anxiety over delay 
New York m appointment promised by Gen. Amherst, and men 
tioning arrival of Capt. Balfour from Missilimakinac, 
high water at Pitsburgh and prospect of Anglo- 
Spanish war. 185 

8 Rev. John Jacob Oel, inquiring as to purpose of Boston 
people in their movement to educate New York In 
dians and revealing fears of a sectarian design. [Doc. 
Hist. N. Y. 4:307-8; Q ; 4:198-99] 186 

8 John Garden, account of engagements in reduction of 
Martinique Martinique by the British, request for Sir William's 
daughter, Polly, in marriage, and explanation of a 
troublesome incident arising from debt. 187 



Feb. 9 Sir William Johnson to Capt. Daniel Claus, expressing 
Castle regret that soldiers should ill treat Indians, and 

Cumberland denying the courage of such as in time of peace dis 
parage Indian prowess, considering advisability of 
Claus's retiring from military life, and discussing 
English relations with Coghnawageys, Six Nations, 
particularly Chenussios, and Swegatchy chief. 5:188 

9 John Glen Jun'r about David Schuyler Ju'r's charges for 
Schonectady trips to Fort Stanwix and the Little falls. 189 

Account of persons employed in the bateau service under 
David Schuyler Ju'r, to Little Falls and Fort Stanwix; 
with a statement by John Glen A. D. Q. M. G. [In 
closed with 5:189] 19:140 

12 [Sir William Johnson] to Oliver DeLancey on land 
Castle affairs Mrs Crosby's tract, Sir Peter Warren's 

Cumberland lands and those of the late Mr Miln and also 
bonds once given by Johnson to Sir Peter. [Doc. Hist. 
N. Y. 2:796; Q, 2:462] 5:190 

13 [Sir William Johnson] to Mrs Cosby, relative to sale of 

Fort Johnson her lands. [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 2:797; Q, 2:462-63} 191 

14 Same to Gw. Banyar, agreeing to suggestions for ob 

taining patents of lands along the Mohawk, but re 
newing the condition that Ury Klock shall be ex 
cluded from any interest, and mentioning appoint 
ment of new justices and case against Justice Dil- 
lebagh. i 92 

15 James Stevenson, relative to Mr Brown's acceptance 
Albany o f Johnson's offer for lot in Mohawk country. 46 

15 Dr Richard Shuckburgh about prospects of prefer- 
New York ment at hands of Gen. Amherst, British successes 

in Martinico, victory of King of Prussia over 
Count Daun, relation of the ministry to colonial 
affairs, Klock and the Conajohary Indians, promo 
tion of Cousin Tyrrel, etc. 193 

16 Capt. Daniel Claus, declaring his " mortification " on 
Montreal finding that Lake Champlain is still impassable for 

sleighs and opposes his journey to Fort Johnson, 
and mentioning Johnson's present to Pere Rou- 
baud, ammunition, trading passes issued by Gen. 
Gage, grants by Jesuits of lands claimed by Cagh- 
nawagos, and his correction of Indian prayer book. 195 
20 [Sir William Johnson] to Richard Peters, inclosing 
Fort Johnson letter for Teedyuscung, reminding him of his Maj 
esty's provision for investigation of the charge 
against Proprietors [23:225, 4:190] and also letter 
from Peters's nephew, lately under arrest at Fort 
Stanwix. 196 




Feb. 28 Oliver De Lancey, asking price of Cosby lands, men- 
New York tioning lands of Miln and bonds once delivered to 
Sir Peter Warren, and inclosing deeds. [Doc. Hist. 
N. Y. 2:800-1; Q, 2:464] 5^97 

List of names, 30 of which are to be inserted in a 

patent. 194 

Mar. i Waddell Cunningham, announcing report that home 
New York government has ordered suspension of land grants 
and inquiring about a tract in which Maj. Rogers, 
Rogers's brother, Banyar, Colden, John Dies, Henry 
White, Jacob Wallon and himself are interested. 198 

1 Gw. Banyar on late instructions [from England] pro- 
New York hibiting land grants, a tract in which Mr DuBois and 

he are interested, order in Council to Klock con 
cerning charges against him, exclusion of Justice 
Dillebagh from commission of the peace. 199 

2 John Glen Jun'r, inquiring whether he shall pay 14 
Schonectady to David Schuyler Jun for seven Indians who had 

been employed on a trip to Littlefalls. 200 

2 Two agreements between Reformed and Lutheran 
churches, before Piter Conyn justes and Frederick 
Shultz V. D. M., for equal division of two gifts of 
land, each of 50 acres, made by Sir William John 
son for a parsonage; signed by Peter Servos and 
Jacob Bickel. 24:124 

John Welles to [Sir William Johnson], acknowledg 
ing kindness, mentioning marriage of George 3 and 
loss of the Augiista, from Quebec, carrying French 
prisoners home, seven persons out of 121 escaping, 
and picturing wretched condition of the French in 
Canada. 5 :2QI 

Robert Leake, asking advice in purchase of a tract 
for nephew " who loves hunting " and inquiring 
about the Visschers tract 202 

8 William Corry, asking for instructions in a case of 

ejectments and information in support of title. 203 

12 Sir William Johnson to Robert Leake, advising not to 
Fort Johnson be concerned in Kayadarusseras tract, as patent is 
thought to have been surreptitiously obtained, and 
offering assistance in purchase of lands from other 
than Indians. 205 

12 Same to Oliver De Lancey, acknowledging receipt of 
Fort Johnson papers, discussing value of Mrs Cosby's lands in 
view of the stop put to grants from Indians [5:199] 
and presenting account for expenses of meeting at 
Onondaga when Shirley was general. [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 
2:801-2; Q, 2:465] 206 



New York 




New York 



Mar. 12 Same to William Kelly, repeating Oliver De Lancey's 
offer for Mrs Cosby's lands, praising the tract, and 
setting same price as is named in letter of same 
date to De Lancey. 5 7207 

13 [Sir William Johnson] to Rev. Mr Barclay, consider- 
Fortjohnson i n g proposal relative to land, commending Mr Ben- 
net's zeal in the interest of religion and mentioning 
his own inability to afford other aid than counte 
nance to a pious undertaking. [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 
4:300-10; Q, 4:199] 208 

13 [Sir William Johnson] to Gw. Banyar, considering tract 
in which Banyar and Dubois are interested, as well as 
scope of royal instructions concerning grants, per 
nicious influence of Klock, danger of indulging " de 
spicable opinion" of Indians, a commission of the 
peace, Dillebagh's malpractice, and preparations of 
Klock and Fonda to defend claim under Livingston 
patent. 209 

Gen. Jeffery Amherst on Capt. Balfour's speech to Indians 

at Michillimakinac. [5:123,24:114] 210 

David Van Der Heyden about kettles sent, in care of 
Capt. Peter Fairservice, and steel traps to be forwarded 
from Schonectoda by John B. Van Eps. 211 

William Corry about legal measures in behalf of poor 
people threatened with ejectment [5:209], and support 
given their cause by proclamation concerning land 
grants. [5:199] 212 

Indenture by which Jochim Albrecht Gienke binds himself 
to serve Sir William Johnson two years and three 
months, receiving " meat, drink, washing and lodging," 
and " cloaths," in consideration of ^45 paid to take him 
out of Albany jail; acknowledged before Cornelis Ten 
Broeck, justice. (In body of document, the name 
occurs as Yockem Albright King) 213 

Sir William Johnson to William Corry, mentioning 
citation of Klock before Council, and discussing means 
Cumberland of defending rights of tenants on lands illegally patented 

by Philip Livingston. 214 

Lacorne St Luc to Monsieur [Johnson] about shipwreck 
of Augusta, in which perished his brother, the chevalier, 
two sons and two nephews. [In French] 215 

Capt. John Lottridge to [Sir William Johnson], declar 
ing anxiety over uncertainty of present appointment 
and desiring Johnson's interest in his case. 216 

William Corry, considering advantage to tenants [in 
litigation with Klock and Fonda] of proclamation con 
cerning Indian lands [5:109] and of summons to Clock 
to appear before Council, suggesting that the Liv 
ingstons be allowed to know that fraudulent purchase 







will be laid before Lords of Trade [24:99, 123; 5:184, 
209, 214], considering collection of Domine Lappius's 
salary, and advising means of obtaining for " Europians " 
a share in provisional offices. 5 :2O4 

Mar. 20 [Sir William Johnson] to Lieut. Gov. Golden on Klock's 
Fort Johnson machinations to strengthen land title and exasperation 
of Conajoharees under persistent wrong, demanding 
interference by Governor and Council, and recommend 
ing John Macomb, of Albany, for justice of the peace. 217 

21 Gw. Banyar about bearing of instructions forbidding 
New York grants on 60,000 acre purchase on the Mohawk [5:132, 

151], objection of Indians to Rogers grant, list of jus 
tices presented by Albany members, possible accom 
modation of trouble between Canajoharie Indians and 
Fonda and Klock; in postscript, giving names of his 
partners in 30,000 acre purchase on the Mohawk. 218 

22 Oliver De Lancey, agreeing to pay price named for Mrs 
New York Cosby's lands, and promising to forward to the general 

[Amherst] Johnson's account for expenses of Onondaga 
meeting in Shirley's time. [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 2 :8o2-63 ; 
Q, 2:465] 219 

22 Robert Leake, mentioning first appearance of newspaper 
New York called the Chronicle, unfriendly to Lieutenant Governor, 
and indicating extent of tract his nephew desires to 
buy. 220 

27 David Schuyler Junior about arrangement for payment 
Canajohary o f fa s fabt to Corry, and about money due from John 

Gelen [Glen] to a party of Indians employed on a trip. 221 

28 Witham Marsh, pleading disappointment and sickness as 
New York excuse for absence and silence, expressing disgust with 

lawsuits, but gratification at British success in 

" banging " the French. 222 

29 Gw. Banyar on the reduction of Martinico, expected 
New York declaration of war against Spain, purpose of Sir Piercy 

Brett to go on a voyage around the world, military 
condition of Prussian King after loss of Colbergh, 
land grant and justices of the peace. 223 

29 Sir William Johnson to Mrs Cornelia Schyler, offering to 
buy her share in patent lying near Sacondaga, and 
called Northampton, or sell his own. 224 

29 Same to Stockbridge Indians, asking them to send and 
fetch young Indian brought to his house by Canada 
Indians as reparation for Stockbridge Indian who was 
killed. 24:125 

31 George Croghan, inclosing copy of journal of Indian 
Fort Pitt affairs, enlarging on evil disposition of Sinicas in 

Ohio and effect of Amherst's restrictions on sale of 
arms and ammunition to Indians, and touching con 
dition of Indians on the Susquehanna. 5 :225 






Apr. i [Sir William Johnson] to Robert Leake, censuring party 
Fort Johnson papers, and suggesting that tract near Fort Hunter, 
belonging to Col. Glen of Schenectady and De Lancey 
heirs, may be for sale. 5 1226 

1 [Sir William Johnson] to [Gen.] Sir Jeffery Amherst, 
Fortjohnson concerning Indian designs, Capt. Claus r s inquiries at 

Canassadaga, his own interview with Abenaquis at 
Fort Johnson, decision at Montreal in favor of 
Coghnawageys as against the Jesuits, and undue ad 
vantage given to traders who are allowed to sell rum to 
Indians. 227 

2 [Sir William Johnson] to Gw. Banyar, concerning 60,000 

acre purchase, small tract nearly opposite Indian village 
of Conajohare, qualifications of Mr Duncan, late of 
the 44th, and John McComb for justices, difficulty of 
accommodating dispute between Klock and Fonda and 
the Indians, and the diversions of a prospective visit 
from Banyar. 228 

2 Same to John Dies, jesting about advantages of inspection 

of Johnson's husbandry, and describing opposition of 
Oneidaes, Tuscaroras and Ondagaes to grants of land. 229 

3 William Corry on preparation of case against Klock and 

Fonda, justices, Martinico and Luisania, wretched con 
dition of trade. 230 

Same to [Sir William Johnson], giving news: war de 
clared against Spain, Sir Piercy Bret, commodore, gone 
to south seas to plunder Spaniards, Amherst to invade 
Louisainia, army at Martinico carried 13 redoubts, kill 
ing looo Frenchmen, Col. Massy, Maj. Read, Maj. Corry 
slightly wounded, Lt. Murray, of the Highlanders, shot 
through the lungs, conspiracy of officers against King 
of Prussia discovered and punished, no stranger in 
commission [of the peace]. 231 

Gen. Jeffery Amherst, discussing Indian plot, of which 
Maj. Gladwin [at Detroit] gives notice, and informing 
of murders by Shawanese on Virginia or North Caro 
lina frontier. 232 

Collin Andrews and n other traders petition for some 
relaxation of order prohibiting sale of liquor to Indians. 
[Date uncertain] 233 

David Zisberger to Mr Peters, explaining necessity of 
engaging Indian guide, and acknowledging 10 received. 
[Doc. Hist. N. Y. 4:310; Q, 4:200] 234 

John FitzGerald's certificate that Maj. Walters has left 
decision of affair between Jean Baptist De Couagne, 
Indian interpreter, and Levy Solomon, sutler, to Fitz 
Gerald and Collin Andrews, and certifying other 
matter pertaining to dispute. 235 

New York 





Aor. 6 
New York 



New York 

Lieut. Gov. Cadwallader Golden to Sir William Johnson, 
colonel, or the commanding officer of the regiment of 
militia for the county of Albany, directions for calling 
out companies and promting levies. (Printed form) 

William Darlington, sending merchandise and speaking 
of blue glazed tiles, silver crane, pork, fruit trees, 
brandy, flower seeds, etc. 

Same, invoice, inclosed in the preceding. 



New York 

New York 

Proceedings of Lieutenant Governor and Council, at Fort 
George, (copy) ordering commitment of George Klock, 
recognizance in sum of 3000 currency, and prosecution 
by Attorney General for fraudulent transactions to 
injury of Indians of Connajoharie castles; and ordering 
Attorney General to remove encroachments from lands 
of which Connajoharie Indians complain that they have 
been defrauded lands claimed by heirs or assigns of 
Abraham Van Home, David Provoost, Philip Living 
ston and Mary Burnet deceased. 

List of papers read in council in behalf of George Klock: 
certificate of Wilhelmes Dillenback, justice of the peace, 
and six affidavits; with notes on several persons con 
cerned in this defense. 

Copy of 24:126. 

Elisabeth Wraxall to [Sir William Johnson], mentioning 
Sir William's generosity to [Richard] Smith in matter 
of land at Fort Schuyler, and asking that the property 
be secured against creditors by conveyance to Smith's 
son, Samuel, admonishing against lending to Mr Smith, 
and offering for perusal a manuscript article on the 
colonies [by Peter Wraxall]. 

[Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Amherst, thanking for in- 
Fortjohnson formation of reduction of Martinico, and sending in 
telligence of approach of men of Six Nations, with re 
port of requisition made on Col. Bradstreet for their 

Edward Johnson about trials of teaching Tuscaroras and 
Indians at Onidia. [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 4:310-11; Q, 

Isaac, the Tuscarora, to [Sir William Johnson], by hand 
of Edward Johnson suggesting that Christian Indians 
should be separated from the others, and a request 
for chocolate from Sarah, Isaac's wife. [Doc. Hist. 
N. Y. 4:312; Q, 4:201] 

Gen. Amherst, discrediting report of dangerous design 
held by Canadian Indians, and promising to require of 
Gen. Gage suppression of rum traffic carried on by 
Canadian traders, also directing Lieut. Johnson to join 
his company at Albany. 









New York 








pr. 12 Col. John Bradstreet about provisions to be sent to 
Albany Conajehora. 

12 Dr Richard Shuckburgh to [Sir William Johnson] on 
New York buying [Indian secretaryship] of Mr Marsh, colonial 
sentiment as to proclamation to remove occupants from 
lands surreptitiously obtained of Indians, movement 
against Havanna, plunder from Martinico. 
12 Gw. Banyar, discussing sense and bearing of instructions 
New York by British government that forbid land grants. 

12 Robert Leake, information of European events and cir- 
New York cumstances, including march of Turkish army toward 

Hungary, favorable to Prussia, also of movements 
against the Spaniard. 

13 John Glen Jun'r about pay of Indians employed on "last 
Schonectady trip," and pork, flour and pease which he is sending to 


14 [Sir William Johnson's] orders to Lieutenant Colonels 
Fort Johnson for recruiting militia. 

17 Same to Lieut. Gov. Colden, acknowledging inclination of 
Fort Johnson Governor and Council to do justice to Indians, prom 
ising to send copy of commission as Indian agent and 
superintendent, asking copy of resolution regarding 
Clock [24:126] mentioning powers of member of Coun 
cil and adverting to neglect which he has suffered in 
militia appointments. 

18 Gen. Amherst, touching arrangement for subsistence of 
New York Indian deputies coming to Johnson and an ensigncy in 

Royal Americans that can be purchased by Johnson's 

19 H. Van Schaack to [Sir William Johnson], relating inter- 
Albany view with Gen. Amherst regarding permission to convey 

liquor to frontier posts and sell ammunition to Indians. 

20 John Lottridge, mentioning determination of Gen. Gage to 
Montreal prevent intercourse between priests and English sub 
jects, and discredited information brought from Onida. 

21 [Sir William Johnson] to Mr Peters in Philadelphia, 
Fort Johnson asking that meeting to investigate Teedyuscung's charge 

against Proprietors [23:225] be held June 15 at Easton, 
and discouraging proposal of new treaty with western 

21 [Sir William Johnson] to Teedyuscung, "a Chief of the 
Fort Johnson Dela wares," appointing June 15 and Easton as time and 
place for investigation of complaints against Pennsyl 
vania Proprietors. 

21 [Sir William Johnson] to Gov. Hamilton, arranging meet- 
Fort Johnson i n g to examine charges of Teedyuscung against 









Apr. 23 Hendrick Frey, inclosing account for victuals delivered 
Canajohare to Indians, and promising soon to lay out patent of 

Lenard Hellmar and others into lots. 6:13 

25 Gen. Amherst, declining to appoint Lieut. Guy Johnson to 
New York secretaryship of Indian affairs, but agreeing to permit 
Dr Shuckburgh to perform the duties, in view of sick 
ness of Mr Marsh, who holds the appointment. 14 

25 H. Van Schaack, informing that he has drawn on Sir 
Albany William for 50 in favor of John Diell, and communicat 
ing news from West Indies, brought by Capt. Ormsby. 15 

26 Fran. Pfister, sending map, with promise to send sup- 
Fort plementary map as soon as he receives a survey from 

Stanwix Diconderoga to Montreal, which Mr Eraser, draftsman 
to the general, will furnish him; and inquiring whether 
Indians would sell smart tract near Wood creek, 
" opposite to Fort Newport." 16 

26 Col. William Eyre on indifferent condition of fort at 

New York Pittsbourgh and severity of weather. 17 

27 Maj. William Walters (copy), inclosing statement of rum 
Niagara pu t in store (2602 gallons) in accordance with order 

prohibiting sale, and describing failure of total absti 
nence argument with the Indian. 24:129 
29 [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Amherst, writing of ill- 
Fort Johnson nesS) i a te conference with Six Nations, pacific assurance 
of Senecas, coming conference at Chenussio [Geneseo], 
offer of ensigncy to Johnson's son, which is declined, 
examination to be made of Teedyuscung's complaints 
[23 1225] at Easton, and scalps taken by Shawanese on 
Virginia or Carolina border, and offering to send hostile 
parties against Spanish settlements. 6:18 
29 [Sir William Johnson] to Maj. Walters, telling of 
Fortjohnson Senecas' good will and their release of two prisoners, 
Gen. Amherst's refusal to relax opposition to gifts to 
Indians, and trading passes now granted for Niagra 
carrying place. [9 
29 [Sir William Johnson] to Mrs [Elisabeth] Wraxall, 
Fortjohnson condolence for death of [Richard] Smith, tribute to his 
character and explanation that failure to buy Cosby 
tract prevented Johnson's gift of land at Fort Schuyler 
[5:141, 142] to Smith; also acknowedgment of per 
mission to read manuscript of the late Peter Wraxall. 20 
29 Same to Gw. Banyar, exhibiting reasons why the Indians 
Fortjohnson w ill continue their opposition to land granting, giving 
opinion that allegations ill royal instructions, as to 
frauds against Indians, are sustained, inquiring about 
trial of Klock, and declaring that resolution of Gov 
ernor and Council [24:126] will be fruitless if proceed 
ings of Klock against tenants of the Indians are allowed 
to go on. 21 



May 4 Inventory of live stock, farm tools and domestic articles 

delivered by Flood to Maddin. 6 \22 

6 [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Amherst, acquainting that 
Fort Johnson Lieut. Johnson, by a fall from his horse, is prevented 

from joining company, acquiescing in opinion of Maj. 
Gladwin that French influence has turned some western 
Indians against the English, recommending Capt. Lott- 
ridge for some provision, and drawing attention to ill 
effect of Gen. Gage's issuing passes to a trade where no 
garrisons are maintained. 23 

7 [Sir William Johnson] to Dr Shuckburgh, informing 
Fort Johnson o f sa l e of Mrs Cosby's lands to Oliver De Lancey for 

6000, Indian opposition to land grants and sincere 
behavior of Senecas, and explaining circumstances 
under which employment as Indian secretary was 
promised to Lieut. Johnson. 24 

8 LSir William Johnson] to Gw. Banyar, asking for copy 

of Indian deed for lands sold to Ebenezer Wilson and 
John Abell in 1708, called Tendkendocta, on north side 
of Mohawk, near Fort Hunter, also boundaries of 
patent on south side, near Fort Hunter, granted to 
John Scott in 1725. 25 

10 George Croghan : Mohocks have arrived, bringing Sir 
Fort Pitt William's letter, Kinderunta, or " blew Cheeks," and 

partly of 80 have returned with two Cherroke prisoners 
and eight scalps, he has spent 100 out of his salary 
to satisfy these Indians and would like to resign 
in the fall, his account for half year is 317, ex 
clusive of pay of people employed at Fort Pitt and 
Detroit, it is said that Dallaways [Delawares?] and 
Shannes will deliver up remaining prisoners at Phila 
delphia, and that Spaniards and French have subdued 
South Carolina, Indians contrast French liberality 
with English neglect, he is trying to find out Indians 
who killed two Virginians in April, has advanced 80 
and " engaged for as much more " to Capt. Montour, 
and desires order on Francis Wade for the money. 27 

10 William Darlington: sends silver crane by Marte Gar- 
New York ritse ; contractors find pork scarce and dear. 28 

John Heath's bill to Mr Darlington for silver crane. [In 
closed in foregoing] 29 

11 [Sir William Johnson] to Monsr. Lacorne St Luc: was 
Fort Johnson shoked at news of late disaster [5:215], gratified at 

La Corne's escape,, afcd believes that the fortitude of the 
latter will support him under the strokes of fortune. 30 

13 William Corry: has ordered Mr Smith to appear for the 
clients, thinks that proclamation forbidding land grants 
and resolution of Council [against Klock] will end the 



matter, wishes Keyser to make sworn statement as to 
bond, and holds that Clock and Funda can be prose 
cuted under paragraph in proclamation concerning per 
sons who claim Indian lands on pretense of purchase, 
made without proper license. 6:31 

May 13 [Sir William Johnson] to Col. Bradstreet: incloses list 

Castle of tenants, most of whom are naturalized, who have not 

Cumberland leases as yet, likewise list of tenants on lands of Sir 

Peter Warren's heirs, who all have deeds. 32 

13 [Sir William Johnson] to Capt. Winepress: relates af- 

Fort Johnson fair of Thomas Flood, discharged from Johnson's 

service for want of sobriety, who was afterward made 

drunk by soldiers of garrison at Schenectady, and 

robbed of 100. 33 

15 [Sir William Johnson] to Lieut. Gov. Colden: offers 

Fort Johnson sympathy on account of death of daughter, Mrs Willet, 
and sickness of daughter, asks explanation of ejectment 
suit which Klock is carrying on against tenants on 
Indian lands at Conajoharee, mentions satisfaction of 
Indians with King's instructions forbidding land grants 
and their uneasiness over Connecticut settlement to 
the number of 1000 families on Susquehanna, 
and mentions surrender of captives by Senecas. 34 

15 [Sir William Johnson] to George Croghan: desires pres- 
Fort Johnson ence a t Easton, June 15, at meeting with Teedyuscung; 

has met 400 of Six Nations in conference, Senecas re 
newing covenant chain, delivering up prisoners and 
agreeing to compel Mounsies to do the same; Indians 
are uneasy over Connecticut settlement on Susque 
hanna ; can not appoint Mr Magee to look after Indians 
on Susquehanna because of Amherst's objection to aug 
mentation of officers ; Indian expenses to be retrenched, 
not stopped. 35 

16 Gen. Amherst : is sorry for Lieut. Johnson's accident, but 
New York he must join his company as soon as he recovers; Maj. 

Gladwin's precautions will frustrate any designs In 
dians may have at his post or Oswegatchie ; will think 
favorably of providing for Capt. Lotteridge; shall re 
quire Gov. Gage [at Montreal] to prohibit persons 
within his government from trading with Indians ex 
cept at fixed posts. 36 
19 [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Amherst: has received 
Johnson Hall copy of Lord Egremont's letter relative to Indian mat 
ters [5:153]; incloses transactions with Six Nations at 
late meeting, which show great uneasiness touching 
settlement on Susquehanna by Connecticut people by 
virtue of purchase made through one Lydias of Albany 
in wrongful manner ; and will endeavor to fit out sev 
eral parties of Indians to annoy [Spanish] settlements. 37 





May 26 [Sir William Johnson] to same: it is the disposition of 
Johnson Hall the French Canadians to catch at vain hopes; Pensil- 
vania's withdrawal of proportionable assistance must 
be felt by the other provinces; Quaker present of 
^5000 to Indians seems intended for other purpose than 
delivery of captives held by Indians; will be distressed 
by attending meeting [at Easton] without a secre 
tary. 6 -.38 
26 Same to William Corry : advises Corry to confer with 
Johnson Hall Attorney General in the interest of tenants on the In 
dian lands; and informs him that in 1754 in presence of 
commissioners of the several colonies at Albany, the 
present Earl of Sterling and Billy Livingston offered to 
give up claim to lands now in dispute [between Klock 
and Fonda and Canajoharie Indians]. 24:130 
26 Same to same, copy of 24:130, with substitution of Billy 
Johnson Hall Alexander for Earl of Sterling and addition of post 
script asking Christian name of the King's attorney. 131 

Daniel Claus, reporting that he has met Gen. Gage and 
58th regiment on Lake Champlain, he will inform 
Col. Haldimand at 3 Riv'rs of purpose to " sell out," 
De Cuagne and Pertuis the interpreter have obtained 
pass to trade at Toronto, and Albany traders are 
going to west side of Lake Ontario, Maj. Gladwin 
clings to credibility of story told him by Caghna- 
wageys of Indian plot, Caghnawageys are eager to have 
Gen. Gage publish decision on their lands [in dispute 
with Jesuits] and he is informed that Capt. Ruther- 
furd expects to get Tiyononderra land in spite of 
Johnson's claim. 6 139 

Gw. Banyar : deed of Wilson and Abeel purchase and de 
scription of Scott's patent inclosed, Gen. Monkton ex 
pected soon from Martinico, Banyar to be in Albany 
in June to testify against John Henry Lydius for intru 
sion on crown lands between Saraghtoga and Fort 
Edward and above, and on tract on Otter creek op 
posite Crown Point, copy of list for commission of 
peace inclosed, payment of 40 by Mrs Magin inquired 
about, Abraham Lott, clerk of Assembly, commended, 
King of Prussia extricated from trouble by friendship 
of new Czar. 41 

List of 50 persons on commission of the peace for Albany 
county; the first 13 constituting Commission of the 
Pleas, three being judges and 10 assistant justices. 26 

Daniel Claus : has reported to Gen. Gage the meeting with 
Six Nations at Kingsborough, and heard from him in 
telligence obtained by Maj. Gladwin from Swegachy 
chiefs regarding French and Indian plot; Gage has 
warned De Couagne against tampering with Indians at 

June 2 



June 5 



Toronto ; Claus has invited Caneghsadageys to attend 
Caghnawago meeting; Lieut. James Stevenson, of 
" Lascellses reg't/' offers to buy Claus's commission 
Johnson's advice solicited. Added: list of Swegachy 
who received French belts and name of messenger 
to western Indians, also copy of commission from 
Pierre Rigaud Vaudreuil, Governor and Lieutenant 
General of New France and country of Louisiane, to 
Ohquandagghte 6 42 

Gen. Thomas Gage to all whom it may concern, pass 
permitting Lucas Van Vachten and company to 
carry on fur trade with savages at Toronto, wine 
and spirits being included in their merchandise. (Copy 
examined and certified, June 21, 1762, by John Visger, 
Wellem Staats and Ephraim Van Veghten) 46 

Same, pass permitting Cornelis Cuyler and company 
to trade with savages at Toronto, selling wine, 
spirits and rum with other articles. (Copy certified as 
above) 47 

Same, pass permitting John Seger, Thomas Finchly 
and five Canadians to trade with savages at Toronto, 
selling rum and other commodities. (Copy certified 
as above) 48 

7 James Stanly Goddard, asking license to trade at 
Fort Edward Fort Edward Augustus, where Mr Gorrell, the corn- 
Augustus mander, feels that a trader is needed. 43 

8 Gov. Thomas Fitch, proclamation warning inhabitants 
Hartford o f Connecticut against settling on lands on banks 

of Susquehannah. 24:132 

9 Donald Campbell to [Sir William Johnson], declaring 
Detroit his efforts and those of other officers at posts to 

convince Gen. Amherst of necessity of some presents 
to Indians, reporting murder of traders among the 
Sioux, good effects of stopping rum trade, and men 
tioning visit of Sir Robert Davers. 6:44 

21 Gen. Jeffery Amherst: is satisfied with Johnson's utter- 
New York ances to Six Nations at April meeting, hopes 

Chenussio nation will be cautious in future, Indians 
may rely on continued suppression of rum trade, de 
sires Indians to name fort at which they will deliver 
up deserters, allows Johnson to employ secretary, 
recommends Dr Shuckburgh, and wishes Lieut. 
Johnson to join his company. 45 

22 De Couagne, informing that Davids has invited Sen- 
Niagara ecas to meet him in conference at Oswego, report 
ing effort to learn whether traders at Toronto have 
pass and permission to sell rum, from Gen. Gage, 
and expressing suspicion of mischief brewing 
among far nations on account of cutting off of rum. 49 



June 22. Account of proceedings at Easton : Sir William John 
son invites Delawares to answer statements made 
on preceding day in behalf of title of Proprietaries 
to lands of which the Indians say they have been 
unjustly deprived. Teedyuscung declares that he 
was unable to understand yesterday's proceedings; 
and his pretense is supported insolently by Israel 
Pemberton, a Philadelphia Quaker, who threatens 
an appeal to England against the proceedings, and 
refers to royal instructions concerning land grants 
in New York as something in point. 24:133 

27 De Couagne, inclosing copy of passes [6:46, 47, 48] 
Niagara issued by Gen. Gage for trading with savages at 

Toronto, and complaining of disadvantage to traders 
at posts from competition with traders from Canada 
and Philadelphia who are not confined to posts. 6:50 

29 John Johnston, in Siniekas' country, reporting activity 

of John Davison to assemble men of Six Nations 
at Oswego, where Korah Queter will impart good 
tidings and regulate Indian affairs, also agreement 
of Six Nations to surrender captives at Philedelphia, 
satisfaction of Indians with his work as smith, in 
tention of 60 warriors to set out from Ciugua 
against Charokees and departure of party of 10 " to 
the flatt heads." .. 51 

30 Capt. Daniel Claus : is anxious for letter from Fort 
Montreal Johnson and counsel regarding sale of commission; 

has met with Canadian Indians, and failed to 
get knowledge of plot against the English finds 
the Indian informers to be of bad reputation; will 
exhort Swegachies to use influence with western 
Indians for preserving peace, and thinks Six Nations 
should take Swegachies in hand; deputies from 
nations in Canada are invited to Onondago; his com 
pany is quartered at Longeuil and la Prairie; he 
has given Mathew Wade an order on Johnson for 
100; and St .Luc la Corne is " vastly proud " of 
the letter received from Johnson. 52 

John Johnston to [Sir William Johnson], describing 
liberties taken by a straggler, one Gilbert, a smith, 
and presumption of John Davis, who has invited the 
Six Nations, with wampum and use of Johnson's 
name, to gather at Oswego with peltry. S3 

July 3 George Croghan: Quakers say they have accommo- 
Philadelphia dated land dispute with Delawares and Johnson's 
report to home government is of no use, but some 
are apprehensive that Pemberton [24:133], Fox and 




July 3 

New York 

New York 

New York 

Hughs have invited his Majesty's resentment, and 
downfall of Quaker influence; Quakers are prepar 
ing remonstrance against Johnson's course at 
Easton, and denounce Counselor Mershe and 
threaten Croghan; if Indians come to Lancaster, he 
will be there to expose them and their king, 
Teedyuscung. 6 154 

Same, memoranda for Sir William Johnson: to ask 
Gen. Amherst if ammunition may be furnished to 
warriors acting against southern Indians, and small 
presents made to Indians who restore prisoners, or, 
like the Tweetwees, have all the time been friendly; 
if Croghan's accounts have been passed by the gen 
eral; and if Amherst has heard from Gen. Stanwix 
regarding goods which Croghan bought for Cher- 
rokes in 1757 on Stamvix's order. [5:107] 55 

[Sir William Johnson's] memoranda for Gen. Am 
herst: to give a warrant for 2000 to pay officers, 
interpreters and smiths; to give instructions with 
regard to account of Conrad Frank, and answer to 
be made to complaint of Six Nations and Susqua- 
hanna Indians touching Connecticut encroachment 
[23:171, 172] and ill treatment by soldiers at posts; 
to consider Croghan's requests touching his ac 
counts, the 191 he became responsible for in 1757 
on Stanwix's order, and equipment for Indians going 
to war against southern tribes. 56 

[Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Amherst, inclosing preced 
ing memorandum, and emphasizing need of pre 
venting settlement of New Englanders on Susque- 
hanna Indian lands. 57 

Gen. Amherst, asking for abstract of expenditures for pay 
of officers etc., inclosing warrant for 1500, saying that 
he has sent Croghan a warrant for disbursements, but 
can not act on bill for Cherokee presents in 1757 till 
Gen. Stanwix is heard from, that he has done utmost 
in writing to Governors of Pensylvania and Connecti- 
cutt on New England encroachment in Susquehanna 
country, and that Indians' complaints of ill treat 
ment at posts are groundless, he will punish any 
who misuse them, but " we will be masters at these 
posts." 58 

Sir William Johnson to Col. Williamson, replying that 
brass gun, which Sir Teffery Amherst thinks it neces 
sary for him to account for, was presented him in 1746 
or 1747 by Sir Peter Warren, who took it from the 
enemy with hundreds of others. 24:134 



New York 


New York 


July 10 Rev. Ebenezer Rossiter and 24 others, pastors of churches 
Chilseain j n Stonington, Norwich, Hebron, New London, Groton, 
Norwich Presson, Windham, Mansfield, Ashford, Colchester, 
East Haddam, Middletown and Marlborough, to Mr 
Deberts, merchant in London, in praise of labors and 
motives of Rev. Eleazar Wheelock in education of 
Indians. [Inclosed in 6:96] [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 4:317-19; 
Q, 4:204-5] 6:97 

10 George Croghan, inclosing message sent by committee, 
describing mortification and division of Quakers [after 
Easton investigation of Delaware Indian claims], 
notifying that he has drawn on Johnson for Capt. Mon- 
tour's pay and his own, also that he sets out for 
meeting at Lancaster. 59 

William Darlington, account current of Sir William 

Johnson and receipt for 192, 45, nd. 60 

Same, about articles sent in care of Dr Sam. Stringer at 

Albany. 61 

Capt. Thomas Baugh to Gen. Amherst (copy), report as 
FortStanwix to insulting behavior of Oneida and other Indians and 
plundering of sutler's store at Fort Schuyler; also as 
to late design of the Indians to surprise the post. 74 

26 Francis Wade, stating that he has shipped chaise on 
Philadelphia board sloop Hen cry & Mary to New York to care of 

Mrs Ann De Visme, with orders to forward to Albany, 
care of Kennedy & Lyle, giving directions for preserv 
ing, inclosing account, advising of Croghan's draft on 
Johnson for 260, and asking for bill on New York 
or Philadelphia. 62 

27 Ferrall Wade's rece ; pt to John S. Quackenbush for 

145, 3d. 63 

27 David Quacbos's promise to pay Ferrall Wade or order 
on demand 3, 5s, id. On back, P. Silvester's receipt 
to John Scot Quackenboss for same; dated January 24, 
1763- 64 

27 Ferrall Wade to Urius Wood, order to pay " your father 
in law " i, is. On back, entry against David Quack, 
for sum covered by note of hand, due to Ferrall Wade. 65 

31 [Sir William Johnson] to Maj. Duncan, warning of John 
Johnson Hall Davis's action in summoning Indians to Oswego and 
asking that he may be apprehended and sent as prisoner 
to Johnson. 66 

31 Hendrick Frey, information of destruction of Gearman 
Canajohare Flatts by Indians. 67 

31 Sir William Johnson to commanding officers along the 
Johnson Hall Mohawk, orders to march their companies to the 

German Flatts. 68 




Aug. i Same, at Mr Fry's, to commanding officers at Conajo- 
haree, orders to proceed with companies to house of 
Han Nichles Herkemer, thence to reconnoiter the Ger 
man Flatts, and to inquire into cause of report of 
destruction of that settlement. 

I [Sir William Johnson], at Fry's near Conajoharee, to 
Maj. Gen. Monckton, Governor of New York, report 
ing movements occasioned by false alarm at the Ger 
man Flatts, tokens of friendliness given by western and 
northern Indians and Six Nations, effect of scarcity 
and dearness of ammunition on efficiency of militia, 
and step taken to investigate murder of Indian at 

I [Sir William Johnson], same place, to Gen. Amherst, re 
porting the alarm at the German Flats, his consequent 
measures, apparent favorable disposition of western and 
northern Indians and Six Nations, his inquiry of the 
Indians concerning behavior to Bourk, the sutler, a 
small present of money to Silver Heels and another 
Indian, and expressing apprehensions that Governor of 
Connecticut's proclamation [24:132] will not restrain 
encroachments on Indian lands along Susquahana, and 
that rum selling to Indians at the German Flatts will 
largely defeat good purpose of prohibition at the posts. 

i Gen. Amherst to Capt. Baugh, or officer commanding at 
Fort Stanwix (copy), acknowledging letter of July 20 
about riotous behavior of Oneidas at Fort Schuyler and 
their destruction of sutler's stock, and declaring that, 
if sergeant had ordered soldiers to fire on them, that 
officer would have received his approbation. 
Same, inclosing copies of letter from Capt. Baugh and 
letter to Capt. Baugh [6:72, 74], repeating opinion 
that Indians are offenders in trouble at posts and desir 
ing Johnson to assure Oneidas that such offenses as 
theirs will bring chastisement ; in postscript, giving 
news of treaties of peace between Prussia and Russia 
and Prussia and Sweden. 

William Darlington to [Sir William Johnson], mention 
ing receipt of brass gun and his sending of several 
articles by skipper Guysbert Marselis. 
Capt. William Winepress, reporting disobedience of 
Johnson's order [6:68] to officers of militia along the 
Mohawk on the part of Maj. Swits and the captains; 
also informing that he has reported disobedience to Gen. 

4 Sir William Johnson to Capt. Winepress, explaining 
Johnson Hall origin of alarm at the German Flats. 

6 William Darlington, account for pork and salt sent, 
29, 8s, pd. 

New York 

New York 

New York 








Aug. 7 Gen. Amherst, repeating desire that Oneidas be called 

New York t o severe account for behavior at Fort Schuyler [6:74], 
commending Johnson's activity in regard to alarm at 
the German Flats, censuring delinquency of officers of 
militia at and about Albany and recommending care 
in granting commissions, approving of present to Silver- 
heels and Peter, and promising to renew order against 
sale of rum to Indians at the German Flatts. 6:79 

10 David Van Der Heyden, saying that he sends account 

Albany f or iron and nails ; that he has returned from Mont- 

riaelle, and he will let Peter Schuyler keep a certain 
piece of land on condition of immediate payment. 80 

10 [Sir William Johnson] to Hon. Hugh Wallace, sending 

Johnson Hall draft for Capt. Spiesmacher's account, mentioning his 

meeting at Seneca with more than 2400 Indians and an 

injury received at Onondaga, and inquiring about land 

transactions. 81 

10 [Sir William Johnson] to Gov. Monckton, recommending 

Johnson Hall Lieut. Col. David Van Der Heyden to succeed Lieut. 
Col. Jacob Glen, deceased, in Johnson's militia regi 
ment, Maj. Jacobus Vanslyke to succeed Vander Hey 
den, and [John] Duncan, of Schenectady, formerly of 
the 44th, for a captain, also Mr McCracken for sheriff 
of Albany county. 85 

14 [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Amherst, informing that 

Johnson Hall he has examined expenses of his department, and 
effected some retrenchment, but maintaining absolute 
necessity of augmenting number of officers and furnish- 
ishing him with a deputy ; considering disturbance at 
Fort Schuyler, alarm at the German flatts and direction 
to be given to Lieut. Cuyler. An erased paragraph (not 
sent) represents the consequence of any serious Indian 
disturbance in Mohawk country. 82 

14 Return of persons necessary for department of Indian 

Johnson Hall affairs at Fort Pitt and Detroit with an estimate of 
their annual pay in sterling in which officers and ex 
penses are retrenched. [Inclosed in 6:82] 83 
17 Capt. Daniel Claus, congratulation on success at 

Montreal Easton with " set of people who under the cloak of 
their Religious principles " insult those who differ 
with them, and mention of expected sale of his com 
mission to Lieut. Carr, a wrangle with Jesuits over 
lands of Caghnaw's, wrongly claimed by that order, 
Indian deputies attending general congress at 
Cayouga, and repentance and good profession of 
Otquandageghte. 84 


Aug. 20 Rev. Eleazar Wheelock, of Indian boys received at 

Lebanon his school [5:140], also a youth, George Haxton, 

employed at the royal blockhouse on Onoyada lake, 
whom he thinks of fitting for interpreter or mission 
ary; and a project for establishing among the In 
dians settlements favorable to their welfare. [Doc. 
Hist. N. Y. 4:313-14; Q, 4:201-2] 6:86 

20 Sir William Johnson to [William] Darlington about 

Johnson Hall articles sent, and to be sent, from New York, and 

letters which he desires to be forwarded to Europe. 87 
20 Same to Lords Commissioners for Trade and Planta- 

Fort Johnson tions, transmitting proceedings at Easton relative 
to Teedyuscung's accusation [23:225; 24:133; 6:54], 
at Detroit in September of 1761 [24:110, in; 5:131], 
at Niagara [24:109(1), 109(2); 5:111] and at Fort 
Johnson [6:18]; discussing Indian jealousy of 
English encroachments, and the folly of premature 
retrenchment in Indian expenses; mentioning trade 
regulation and complaints of Mohawks concerning 
land patents, particularly the Kaiadarusseras, or 
Queensborough; and arguing that a good under 
standing with the savages will afford better protec 
tion to the frontiers than forts can give. 24:135 
22 Kennedy & Lyle, informing of receipt of chaise and 

Albany saddle from Philadelphia and inclosing bill from 

[Francis] Wade. [6:62] 6:88 

27 Lieut. Hugh Wallace, of 55th regiment, to Maj. Dun- 
Fort can (extract), relating act of Indians in stealing 

Brewerton roots and cabbages from garden opposite fort and 
threatening to repeat this insolence till paid for the 
ground. 89 

28 [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Amherst, commending 
Fort Johnson [John] Duncan as well qualified for office in 

militia, pointing out difficulty of preventing by mili 
tary force the sale of rum to the Indians, as the 
traffic is favored by the province, submitting ac 
counts, and asking for a warrant for 500 sterling. 90 
30 Address of Christian Indians, by the mouth of Peter, 
Onohoquage an Onyda, taken down by Eli Forbes and Asaph 
Rice: calling to mind English promises, entreating 
that forts may be pulled down, the war being over 
and expressing gratification that Christianity is in 
troduced among them, and the King will protect 
their lands. 24:136 

Sept. 3 Col. John Bradstreet, inquiring, in behalf of Col. 
Albany Wilmot, about land near the Mohawk, included in 

grant to late Gov. Cosby. 6:91 



Sept. 4 George Croghan, reporting failure of the Quakers, 
Bedford i n Lancaster conference, to retain control of trading 

privilege at Fort Augusta, of Gov. Hammilton, at 
same place, to obtain Indian concession for navi 
gating the Susquehannah, and of Quakers to pro 
cure from Six Nations a grant to the Dilliwares on 
the Dillaware river, also commending good sense of 
Kinderunty, a Sineca warrior, proposing appoint 
ment of " young McKee's " father as assistant at Fort 
Augusta, sending plan of town of Carlisle, and re 
counting scandalous incident regarding Mr Pim- 
berton. 6 192 

4 William Darlington about letters forwarded to Lon- 
NewYork don by ship Beulah, work intrusted to Mr. Hain- 

ersly, cruet stand previously sent by John Van 
Allen, and articles now sent by John Beekman and 
news of the surrender of the Havannah August n. 93 

5 [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Amherst, explaining 
Johnson Hall duties of deputy agent for Six Nations and western 

tribes, declaring eminent fitness of Lieut. [Guy] 
Johnson for place, and proposing appointment of 
Mr McGee on the Susquehanna to a post in Indian 
service and reduction of Capt. Montour's salary, 
also showing importance of Cadarachqui as an In 
dian rendezvous, and mentioning a new party of 
Mohocks which he has despatched against Spanish 
settlements. 24:137 

6 Gw. Banyar, introducing Mr Campbell, a surveyor, 
Ne\,-York and bespeaking for him any needed protection, and 

acquainting Sir William with arrival of 14 trans 
ports from the Havannah, bringing the I7th, two 
battalions of Royal Highlanders, and the 77th or 
Col. Montgomery's Royal Highlanders destined 
for the Mississippi. 138 

6 Return of the First battalion of the Albany Regt. of 
Albany Militia whereof the Hon'ble Sir William Johnson Bart. 

is Colonel. 136 

6 Gw. Banyar to [Sir William Johnson], describing capture 

IINCW \ork] of Havanna and Spanish war ships, sickness of 

combatants on both sides, losses, large number of 

Spanish prisoners, and immense treasure to be 

divided among British sailors and soldiers. 6:94 

8 Rev. Eleazar Wheelock, concerning bequest of Sir 
Lebanon Peter Warren, ^750 sterling, intrusted to province 

of Massachusetts, for education of youth of Six 
Nations, and attempt of a Boston society to deprive 
his school of benefit of that fund, now received to 
extent of Ij2 a year, and apply it to schools of the 
society, to be attended by children residing at home; 



with a request that Johnson will write to Gov. 
Bernard on the merits of the rival plans, and advise 
Wheelock as to opening an Indian school on Sus- 
quahannah purchase. Commends application of Joseph 
[Brant] to study. [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 4:314-16; Q, 
4:202-3] 6:95 

Sept. 8 Rev. 'Benjamin Pomroy, commending " noble and 

Hebron charitable Design" of Mr Wheelock [5:140; 6:86, 

95], and sending testimonial regarding Mr Whee- 

lock's character. [Inclosing 6:97, dated July 10] [Doc. 

Hist. N. Y. 4:316-17; Q, 4:203] 96 

8 Joseph Chew about mad adventurers settling on Sus- 

New London quehanna. 24:139 

10 An effective return, " to the Honourable Sir William 

Schenectady Johnson," of all captains, lieutenants and ensigns 

belonging to 2d battalion of New York militia, with 

date of each officer's commission and number of 

men belonging to each company. 6:98 

^3 J. T. Kempe to [Sir William Johnson] about difficulty, in 

New York the ejectment suits, of defending rightful Indian title 
against patentees, many of whom are out of reach of 
legal process of the colony, and who can produce the 
patent of the King, lord paramount in the King's 
courts. 24:140 

18 Terms of surrender of garrison and troops at St Jean, 

St John's partly in French and partly in English ; signed by Le 
N - F - Cte. d'Haussonville and by William Amherst; to be 

signed also by Lord Colvill. (Copy) 141 

18 H. Van Schaack to [Sir William Johnson] on suffer- 

Albany ings of besiegers by sickness at the Havanna and 

advantages that would have been gained by at 
tacking the city before Moro Castle. 6:101 
21 [Sir William Johnson] to Maj. Duncan [at Oswego], re- 
Johnson Hall lating interview with deputies of Six Nations, in which 
affair at Fort Brewerton, complained of by Lieut. Wal 
lace [6:89], is explained, and Indians complain that the 
English too readily find cause for objection in their 
behavior. 102 
24. [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Amherst, acknowledging 

Johnson Hall intelligence of reduction of the Havannah, and warrant 
sent for expenses of his department, arguing that 4 
or 5 hundredweight of powder is needed for supplying 
Indians, and reporting interview with Col. Fitch and 
Mr Chew of Connecticut regarding unwarranted set 
tlement on the Susquehanna, also friendly representa 
tions of deputies of Six Nations and their anxiety over 
Susquehanna settlement, unauthorized trading in 
Indian country, and intelligence from Senecas of 
French fort building in Cherokee territory. 103 




Sept. 26 H. Van Schaack, requesting that drafts which may be 
Albany presented by Mr De Couagne shall not be paid, on 

account of the debt of the latter to him 6:104 

28 William Darlington to [Sir William Johnson] about 
New York letters forwarded by him to England and commodities 

shipped, and to be shipped, to Johnson; receipt for 
letters, on back, signed by Norris Godard, master of 
the " Pitt Packett," bound for Falmouth. 103 

29 Capt. J. Schlosser, explaining detention at the post, and 
Niagara proposing terms to confirm bargain for a plantation 

which he has agreed to buy of Johnson. 106 

Oct. i [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Amherst, asking consent 
Johnson Hall for Lieut. Johnson to sell commission and serve in 
Indian department, also declaring the abhorrence of the 
Indians at murder of Mr Clapham by two " Panis " 
slaves. 24:142 

2 Witham Marsh, relating conversation with Col. Brad- 
Albany street and threats of the latter to have Albany charter 
broken on account of alleged disloyalty of the Dutch, 
and expressing hopes of favorable end to his own 
litigation. 6:107 

4 Capt. Peter Darcy, announcing purpose to sail for Eng- 
New York land, offering service and commending bearer of letter, 

Mr Kenerick, " a gentleman from London." 108 

5 Cornelis Cuyler, desiring that his sons, Henry C., now in 
Albany Martinico, and Abraham C., may have appointments in 

the militia the former as captain or lieutenant of 
horse, the latter as a lieutenant or ensign. 109 

5 George Croghan, mentioning journal of [Thomas] 
Croghan Hall Hutchens, just returned from tour over the Lakes, in- 
near Fort formation of French intrigues in the West, copy of in- 




structions given to agent sent to the Shannas, minutes 
of Lancaster treaty, opposition of Gen. Amherst to 
furnishing Indians with ammunition and the Indian re 
sentment; also offering new theories as to the murder 
of three men by Shannas on the Carrolina frontier, and 
of two Virginians. HO 

H. Van Schaack t^ ISi*- William Johnson] on indebted 
ness of De Couagne [6:104], dethronement of Emperor 
[Peter] of Russia and accession of Catherine 2, rever 
ses of French marshals in Hanover, defeat and retreat 
of Austrians under Marshal Dauw, successes of Prince 
Ferdinand and Prince Fredrick over the French, 
rumors touching fate of Czar, British operations in 
Portugal, and regiments returning to Philadelphia from 
Havannah campaign. Ill 

John Welles to [Sir William Johnson] about departure 
and services of Capt. Claus, visits of Ferrall Wade 
and Francis Wade, shameful behavior of Ferrall, mili 
tary incidents and expected news from St Jean. 1 12 


(" "' , 


Oct. 7 C: pt. John Lottridge to [Sir William Johnson], touch- 
Montreal ing the concern of mind which he feels on succeeding 
to duties so capably performed by Capt. Claus, and an 
order drawn on Sir William 6:113 

8 Lacorne St Luc; good wishes, thanks for words of con- 
Montreal solation [6 130] and expressions of desire to be of serv 
ice to him near whom misfortune orders that he shall 
continue to dwell. [In French] 114 

10 H. Van Schaack, relating European rumors of approach- 
Albany ing peace and political effect of Czar's " misfortune," 
besides influence of news on British stocks, and in 
cidents of the war in America. US 
10 Gen. Amherst, consenting that Lieut. Johnson shall sell 
New York his commission in the Independents and act as deputy 
in Indian department, but declining to allow such serv 
ice while commission is retained ; and expressing a de 
termination to punish the murderers [of Clapham] at 
Detroit rather than commit the punishment to Indian 
hands. 24:143 
13 [Sir William Johnson] to Capt. Darcy, accepting offer of 
Johnson Hall friendly service across the ocean, and defending his 
claim to a colonel's pay for the period when he held a 
colonel's commission. 6:il6 
13 Gen. Amherst, information of reconquest of St John's 
New York N. F. by Lord Colvill and Lieut. Col. Amherst, and con 
sequent recovery of the island copy of articles of 
capitulation inclosed. [24:141] 117 

13 Capt. J. Schlosser, repeating desire to withdraw from the 
Niagara service and complete transaction with Johnson about a 

plantation, giving news of departure of troops by water 
for Detroit, and inclosing letter from Lieut. Carre rela 
tive to purchase of Schlosser's commission. Ii8 

14 Witham Marsh on his gout and lawsuit, the prodigious 
New York produce of Sir William's garden, Marsh's great friends 

in England, conduct of Lord A le at the H h 

[Albemarle at Havana] and Mr Lentz, bearer of the 

letter. HQ 

16 [Sir William Johnson] to Rev. Dr Barclay, inviting at- 

Johnson Hall tention to material to be inserted in new edition of 

Indian prayer book, of which Dr Barclay undertakes 

the inspection. [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 4:321-22; Q, 

4:206-7] 120 

1 6 Same to Rev. [Benjamin] Pomroy, acknowledging letter 

Johnson Hall and joint testimonial [6:96, 97] regarding [Rev. 

Eleazar] Wheelock, and declaring confidence in the 

Indian work of Wheelock. [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 4:320; 

0,4:205] 121 



Oct. 16 Same to Rev. Mr Wheelock, expressing preference for the 

Johnson Hall plan of the latter over that of his Boston rivals in 

Indian education, but declining to intervene in dispute 

[6:95], and discouraging thought of settlement on the 

Susquehanna. [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 4:320-21; Q, 4:206] 6:122 

16 [Sir William Johnson] to Maj. John Wilkins on the 
Johnson Hall policy, disapproved by Gen. Amherst, of bestowing am 
munition on the Indians, on the embarrassment at Wil- 
kins's post (Niagara) caused by the discharge of the 
smith, and need of effort to preserve the Indians' good 

will. 123 

17 Gen. Amherst, deploring rashness of Connecticut people 
New York settling on the Susquehannah, expressing doubt that 

officers at posts have issued improper passes to traders 

and promising supply of powder. 124 

17 Hendrick Frey Ju'r about difficulty of completing pur- 
Canajo- chase of land held by Joh's Ehll, and about provision 

harrie f or transporting corn. 125 

18 William Corry, sending news of revolution in Russia, 
Albany reconquest of Newfoundland, appointment of Her- 

manus Schuyler sheriff of Albany county, adjustment 
of difficulty between Col. Bradstreet and Maj. Matthews 
and consolidation of ist and 2d battalions of the Royals. 126 

19 [Sir William Johnson] to Richard Peters, acknowledg- 
Johnson Hall i ng receipt of treaty of Lancaster, expressing contempt 

for scurrilous attacks of party malice, approving sug 
gestion to print proceedings at Easton and Lancaster, 
and mentioning intended journey of Lieut. Johnson to 
Onondaga to investigate recent murder of two traders 
by Indians of Kanestio. 127 

20 H. Van Schaack to [Sir William Johnson], sending in- 
Albany telligence of taking of St John's and escape of 

French fleet off Newfoundland, together with report 
that peace is concluded. 128 

22 Lieut. William Leslye, stating the accounts, which he 
Michilimack- h as certified, of Jac. Fafly, post interpreter, and 
inak o f the gunsmith at the post. 129 

22 Duplicate of No. 129. 130 

23 [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Amherst, offering 
Johnson Hall congratulations on success of Newfoundland expedi 
tion under Lieut. Col. Amherst and thanks for per 
mission to Lieut. Johnson to exchange military ser 
vice for deputy agency of Indian affairs. 131 

23 Abram Mortier, notifying of receipt of warrant drawn 
New York j n Johnson's favor by Gen. Amherst, inclosing re 
ceipts for Johnson's signature, and mentioning bills 
presented to him by Mr Wade and his payment of 
same by bill on Philadelphia. 132 



Oct. 24 [Sir William Johnson] to George Croghan, mention- 
Johnson Hall ing drafts which he has honored, treaty of Lancas 
ter, which he has not but should have seen, death 
of Kindarunti, need of action in England to curb 
Quaker interference in Indian affairs, Mr Hutchins 
and Mr Gorrel, Sir Jeffery Amherst's retrenchment 
measures, and complaints of Indians at Detroit; 
with a sarcastic allusion to immoral adventure of 
head Quaker. [6:92] 6:134 

24 Dr Samuel Stringer, directions for making 'oil from 
Albany nuts, prescription for a sick child, and information 

regarding letters mailed and goods sent or held in 
charge. 135 

25 William Corry to [Sir William Johnson], informing 
Albany that Governor and Council will on December 15 

inquire into demerits of Philip Livingston patent, 
which will afford means of immediate justice to 
" those poor people " [tenants renting of Canajo- 
harie Indians]. 136 

25 Francis Wade, discussing a disagreeable affair between 
New York hi s brother Ferrall and Sir William's family and ad 
vising measures to check the loquacity of Mr 
McComb. List of utensils on back of letter. 137 

26 Robert Sanders, asking attention of Johnson as ad- 
Albany ministrator on estate of James Ellwood to his 

account of 24, los, 7d. 138 

29 [Sir William Johnson] to Mons'r Lacorn St Luc, 
Fort Johnson declaring gratification at receiving letter, with its 

proofs of the writer's fortitude, and making an offer 

of services. 139 

30 William Darlington about business orders executed 
"New York for Johnson, and presents exchanged between the 

two. 141 

31 Gen. Amherst, transmitting copies of papers received 
New York from Mr Croghan, and discrediting reports that any 
thing is to be feared from the French or the Indians. 142 

Nov. i Vv'itham Marsh to [Sir William Johnson], describ- 

New York j n g worry and delay incident to his lawsuit, delay in 

cashing Croghan's order for Harry Montours pay, 

clamors against Lord Albemarle for regulations 

pertaining to trade at Havanna, and mortality 

among British troops and Spaniards in that city. 143 

T Thomas McKee, expressing willingness to act as 

Paxton [Pa.l Indian agent on the Susquehannah, condemning 

conduct of Pennsylvania government with the 

Indians and describing disgust felt by Delawares 

and Shawanees. 144 




Nov. 2, Same, telling of injury to Seneca captain on account 
Paxton [Pa.] o f jealousy of other savages and Israel Pembertoh's 
kindness to injured warrior, also Pemberton's in 
sinuation that New England settlers at Wyoming 
had Johnson's encouragement. 6:145 

3 Action of Gov. Monckton and Council permitting 
New York Connajoharie Indians to present before Sir William 
Johnson and three justices of the peace of Albany 
county evidence to be read and considered by Coun 
cil December 15 in examination of Indian claims 
comprised within Connajoharie patent. 24: 

William Kelly, of box forwarded by Capt. Van Ant- 

New York 




werp, in care of Mr McNutt of Schenectady. 

De Couagne about the unfavorable effect on trade at 
Niagara exercised by the privileges which traders 
away from the post enjoy; with a copy of Maj. 
Wilkins's instructions to De Couagne to visit the 
Senecas and obtain the return of deserters living 
among them. 11:188 

H. Van Schaack to [Sir William Johnson] on postage 
of forwarded mail, melancholy mortality among 
troops at the Havanna, and probable fate of petition 
to Lords of Trade against allowing a settlement at 
Niagara carrying place. 6:147 

William Darlington, acknowledging draft on Mr Mortier 
for 100, and describing method by which Ferrall 
Wade undertakes to discharge a debt owed by John 
Moffit to the writer. 148 

Witham Marsh, expressing gratitude for favors, hopes of 
accommodating matters involved in lawsuit, opinion 
that Indians wronged by [Livingston?] patent may 
rightly recover lands by force, if they obtain no relief 
from Court of Chancery, and conveying report that 
terms of peace with France are concluded. 149 

George Croghan, reporting his effort to carry out regu 
lations for payment of employees in Indian service, also 
a conversation with a Cayugo concerning dissatisfaction 
of his tribe and the Dallaways, Sinicas and Muncy 
Indians over want of ammunition and failure of John 
son to run a boundary between them and the Proprie 
tors of Pensilvaine. 150 

[Sir William Johnson] to Gov. Monckton, sending return 
Johnson Hall o f militia and promising to recommend persons for 
vacant places ; expressing satisfaction that the Gover 
nor is to investigate Livingston patent, and describing 
lamentable effects which will follow dispossession of 
the Indian owners ; also giving account, brought by one 
Allen from Niagra, of murder of William Newkirk and 
Allen's servant by Indians of Canestio, and measures 
taken to obtain redress. 15* 


New York 

New York 




Nov. 12 [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Amherst, transmitting 

Johnson Hall copy of Mr Hutchins's journal and report of tour 
through Indian Lake settlements, informing that Con 
necticut settlers in Pennsylvania have returned home, 
picturing evil consequences of French trade in Illinois 
country, and French activity in Cherokee territory, 
and relating murder of two men by Kanastio In 
dians. [6:151] 24:145 
14 William Darlington on articles sent in charge of Garret 

New York Marselis. 6:152 

18 [Sir William Johnson] to Hon'ble J. Watts, avowing 
Johnson Hall gratification at good opinion of friends and just men, 

in view of aspersions of malicious partizans, express 
ing hope that the ministry will not accept an inglorious 
peace after so great sacrifices, and discussing irreg 
ular claim to Indian lands at Conajoharee, to be 
examined in Council December 15. 153 

19 [Sir William Johnson] to Gov. Hamilton, discussing Con- 
Johnson Hall necticut scheme for a settlement on the Susquehanna 

and possible connivance of Gov. Fitch, aspiration of 
Thomas King to appear a person of consequence in 
public matters, coming council at Onondaga, ambition 
of the Quakers to exercise corrupt and illegal control 
of Indian affairs, usefulness of Mr Croghan at Lancas 
ter meeting, and declaring purpose still to oppose Con 
necticut scheme, and to write to Gov. Fitch about it. 154 

19 [Sir William Johnson] to Gov. Fitch, giving warning 
Johnson Hall that the Indians intend to repel by force a renewed 

trespass on Susquehanna lands. 24:146 

21 [Sir William Johnson] to Col. John Bradstreet, describ- 
Johnson Hall ing tract, near the land of Mr Cosby's heirs, in which 

Col. Willmot is interested. 6:155 

21 Gen. Amherst, declaring purpose to terminate trade be- 
New York tween Mississippi country and Frenchmen living near 
English outposts, ordering peremptory insistence on 
surrender of the murderers of two men [6:151; 
24:145] and threatening reprisal against Indian nation 
or village, and repeating information sent by Gen. Gage 
and Maj. Wilkins [at Niagara] regarding abuses of 
privilege by traders at Toronto. 156 

24 Witham Marsh, acknowledging kindness in being per- 
New York mitted to linger where he can look after lawsuit, and 
declaring determination to accept no terms of settle 
ment contrary to his Majesty's prerogative, stating ar 
rangement for hearing in patent case before Governor 
and Council [6:136; 24:144], mentioning draft presented 
by David Van Derheytden], and describing saddle which 
can be bought by Capt. Johnson of Mr Courtland. 157 



Nov. 26 [Sir William Johnson] to Gov. Monkton, transmitting 
Johnson Hall testimony of Conajoharee Indians relative to Livingston 

patent. [24:144] 6:158 

26 Same to Goldsborough Bannyar, transmitting Indian testi- 
JohnsoaHall mony as to Livingston patent, and asking Banyar's 

opinion of matter at issue and early intelligence of 
decision of Governor and Council. 159 

27 (From secretary's office) bill for fees, at 125 each, for 

New York two lieutenant colonel's commissions. 160 

29 Gw. Banyar, sending lieutenant colonel's commissions 

New York f or Lieut. Col. Vanderheyden and Maj. Van Slyck, and 
advising of Lord Bute's declaration that the Duke of 
Bedford will sign peace preliminaries, and of report 
that Missisippi will be the boundary between English 
and French possessions. l6l 

29 William Darlington about account current, fruit trees to 
New York to sent to Sir W'illiam in the spring, books and other 

articles. 162 

30 Capt. J. Schlosser, communicating fact of failure to sell 
Niagara commission to Lieut. Carre, and arguing that he should 

not pay interest for farm bought of Johnson from 
time of conclusion of bargain. 140 

Dec. 2 William McCracken, concerning sheriff's office and Gov- 
Albany ernor's intention to retain present incumbent, a pro 

posed emigration from Ireland to Johnson's estate and 
the writer's desire to undertake a small mercantile 
business. 163 

4 Sir William Johnson to Sir William Baker [London] on 
Johnson Hall the sale of some annuities, ruinous effect of the Indian 
superintendency on his health as well as the injury to 
his fortune and the injustice of being deprived of 
military pay for seven years of arduous service, also 
the settlement on his new patent, and the sending of 
mail by way of London from German settlers to 
Germany. 24 : 147 

6 William Darlington's account current. 6:164 

[New York] 

6 William Corry to [Sir William Johnson], saying that 
Albany hearing before Governor and Council on Livingston 

patent should be prolonged in order that necessary 
affidavits may be procured. 165 

6 Dr Richard Shuckburgh, expressing disappointment with 
New York regard to preferment at the hands of General [Am- 
herst], faith in Lord Hallifax's desire to help him, and 
a wish to obtain Lieut. Johnson's commission in ex 
change for land in Mohawk country; also giving news 
of important capture on the seas, dissatisfaction of 
English people with Lord Bute's premiership, decimated 



condition of the Independents and fearful physical state 
of soldiers returning from the Havanah, and report 
of death of Admiral Tyrrel from old wound in 
head. 6:166 

Dec. 7 Sir William Johnson to Gen. Amherst, reporting Lieut. 
Johnson Hall Johnson's mission to Onondaga and demand for sur 
render of Indian murderers [6:151], discussing abuses 
of trading privilege at Toronto, and mentioning earlier 
evidence on that head [6:46, 47, 48], discoursing on 
mischief likely to follow unrestricted Canadian trade 
with Indians, and the discontent of New York traders, 
who are subject to regulations, and referring an account 
presented by Thomas Williams and Hennery Smith for 
supplies to Indians in 1757. 167 

9 Declaration of eight Indians, represented as majority of 
Canejore the Canajohare tribe, unholding patent to Abraham 
Van Home, David Provoost, Philip Livingston and 
Mary Burnet ; witnessed by Justice Jacob Klock and 
others. [Inclosed in 6:232] 24:148 

10 George Croghan, sending copy of journal kept by Mr 
Fort Pitt McKee during residence among Shannas ; with hints 
of plotting on the part of Sinicas, Dellaways and 
Shannas, intelligence of belt and hatchet sent to In 
dians by the French in Illinois country, complaints of 
Indians over the withholding of ammunition by the 
English, apprehensions of general Indian war, infor 
mation as to expenses of his department and demand 
made by smiths at Detroit, and news brought by Silver 
Heels and Mohock party. 149 

10 Fran. Pfister about books returned to Sir William and 
Fort Stanwix green paint for Mr Johnson. 6:168 

10 Hugh Wallace about desired purchase of a hundred- 
New York weight of potash for shipment to Ireland. 169 

10 [Sir William Johnson] to Lieut. Col. William Eyre, 

Johnson Hall mentioning fortifications at Crown. Point, under Col. 

Eyre's charge, and murder committed by Indians of 

Kanestio ("a Village made up of Stragglers from sevl. 

Nations near the Senecas Country"). 170 

12 Capt. John Lottridge on places embraced and privileges 
Montrial bestowed by Gen. Gage's trading passes, uneasiness of 

Caghnawageys in consequence of ill treatment from 
Capt. Ormsbay, commanding officer at Ticonderoga, 
Gage's reprimand to Ormsbay, scarcity of deer, ob 
taining a hunting dog for Johnson, and vacant place in 
the 44th which Lottridge has a chance to purchase. 171 

13 John W'elles to [Sir William Johnson], condemning in- 
Montreal gratitude and recklessness of Ferrall Wade and men 
tioning bankruptcy of Thomas Willson. 8:48 



Dec. 13 [Sir William Johnson] to Gov. Robert Monckton, promis- 
Johnson Hall ing to exercise utmost care in recommendations [for 
militia offices?], expressing confidence that Governor 
and Council will do justice to the Indians, and com 
municating determination of Indians, expressed to Guy 
Johnson at Onondaga, to bring to justice the slayers 
of two men in Seneca country. 6:172 

15 John Johnston (a smith among the Senecas) about annoy- 
Sinachais ance occasioned by the Indians' construction of his 

letter to Johnson concerning murders in Seneca land. 173 

17 [Sir William Johnson] to Col. [John] Bradstreet, thanks 
Johnson Hall for information regarding affair of the Schorticoke 

Indians, whose wrongs have provoked them to border 
outrages. 174 

18 [Sir William Johnson] to Attorney General J. T. Kempe, 
Johnson Hall seeking advice as to steps to take with traders at 

Toronto who sell rum and persons in Albany county 
who open unauthorized negotiations with Indians. 175 

18 [Sir William Johnson] to Dr Richard Shuckburgh, ac- 
Johnson Hall knowledging news, expressing sympathy in disappoint 
ment and commending perusal of Job, declaring willing 
ness to make recommendations to Lord Halifax in 
Shuckburgh's behalf, and mentioning correspondence 
between Lieut. Johnson and gentleman in Canada for 
sale of commission. 176 

18 [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Amherst, acquainting with 
Johnson Hall Lieut. Johnson's efforts at Onondaga to obtain sur 
render of murderers, mission of Mohawk deputy to 
Senecas, and letter from Governor of Virginia, con 
taining answer to Six Nations, who desired passage 
through that province for a hostile movement against 
southern Indians. [Doc. rel. to Col. Hist. N. Y. 7:510- 

ii] 177 

19 Gen. Amherst : transmits warrant for pay of Johnson 
New York anc i subordinates in Indian service, desires retrench 
ments and different arrangement of accounts, doubts 
that trading passports of the kind mentioned by John 
son are given at Montreal, and has suspicions with re 
gard to account of Williams and Smith for flour and 

pork. 178 

22 John Johnston, reporting complaint made by Senecas after 
Sinaches receiving belt of wampum from [Guy] Johnson, and 

accusations made by Mohawk deputy against Johnston. 179 

22 [Sir William Johnson] to Capt. Sclosser, showing equity 
Johnson Hall o f requirement that Schlosser shall pay interest on 

price of farm from time of conclusion of bargain. 180 

24 William Corry to [Sir William Johnson], inquiring about 
Albany debts put in his hands by Johnson for collection, and 

making mention of regimental movements and cost to 
taxpayers of a further enlistment. 181 



Dec. 25 Sworn testimony of Jacob Forbes, interpreter, regarding 
proceedings at declaration made by eight Indians 
December 9 concerning Livingston patent [24:148]; 
given before Sir William Johnson. 24:150 

26 Gen. Amherst, saying that he is entirely satisfied with 
New York Lieut. Johnson's course at Onondaga, distrusts sin 
cerity of Six Nations, but thinks they will be induced 
to give up the murderers. [Doc. rel. to Col. Hist. N. Y. 
. 7:515-16] 6:182 

28 Lieut. Col. David van Der Heyden to [Sir William John- 
Albany son], objecting to appointment as lieutenant colonel of 

Schonecteda battalion, and mentioning Mr Van SlyckV 
objection, also suggesting certain appointments and the 
division of several companies. 184 

29 Luke Reilly, announcing safe arrival in York, thanks to 
New York Johnson and in spite of " good friends in Albany," who 

" laid waite " for him. 185 

30 [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Amherst: acquiesces in 
Johnson Hall O ne retrenchment but maintains necessity of additional 

interpreters, reports that he has consulted Attorney 
General [6:175] about delinquent traders, and gives 
opinion that they have taken advantage of Gov. Gage's 
indulgence. 186 

30 [Sir William Johnson] to Lieut. Gov. Francis Fauquier 

Johnson Hall [of Virginia], informing that contents of Governor's 
letter [6:177] have been communicated by Lieut. John 
son to Indians assembled at Onondaga, and represent 
ing inexpediency of dissuading Six Nations from war 
ring against the Cherokees. 187 
30 [Sir William Johnson] to George Croghan, discussing 

Johnson Hall Indian matters, and suggesting that the latter may be 
able to apprehend murderers of two white men in 
Seneca country. 188 

Gen. Gage to Gen. Amherst (extract), reporting com- 

[Montreal] plaint made by a merchant at Michillimakinac against 
Albany traders at Toronto, who have drawn away the 
Indians at the former post and sold them rum. 183 

Affidavit of Colin McLeland as to methods of George 

Klock in obtaining Indian signatures to deed. 24:151 

Affidavit of Colin McCleland (substantially the same as 
151). Affidavit repeating evidence given by David 
Schuyler [24:123] as to Mr Collins's survey for Liv 
ingston patent. Deposition of Christiane Nellus Junr. 
as to proceedings of Ury Klock in obtaining Indian 
names for deed. Declaration of Capt. Jacob Klock 
(brother of George, or Ury) of like purport. 152 



Memorial of English traders to Lieut. Col. John Camp- 
Detroit bell, commandant (copy), touching disadvantage to 
them of unrestricted trade privileges enjoyed by 
French inhabitants, and justice of considering case of 
fair traders. 24:153 
List of officers in the 46th [42d] and Montgomery's [the 

7/th] regiments lost at the Havanna. i 1114 

Sir William Johnson to [Gen. Amherst], asking reap- 

pointment of Dr Shuckburgh to an army surgeoncy. 22:185 
Stephen Sayre, defining the claim and exposing the policy 
of the Susquehanna company and mentioning Col. 
Eliph't Dyer's intended visit to England in the interest 
of the scheme. 23:181 


Jan. 3 Jacobus Van Slyck about difficulty of obtaining proper 
Schenectady men f or officers on account of smallness of pay, and 
willingness of Robert McKean to take captaincy, find 
other officers and raise company. 24:154 

3 Attorney General J. T. Kempe, advising that delinquent 
New York traders be punished at Montreal by military law, in 
forming that hearing, in behalf of Connajohary Indians, 
on land patent is put off, and that trial of George 
Klock [24:126] must wait till next circuit at Albany, 
and disavowing any purpose to let Klock's offense be 
compounded. 155 

3 Gw. Banyar, giving information that hearing on Conna- 
[New York] johare patent will take place on the I2th, and opinion 

that patentees should release to Indians land about 
their castle without reversionary interest, describing 
scheme for settling a number of people on a tract in 
Johnson's neighborhood, and touching on prospects of 
peace. 6:189 

4 [Sir William Johnson] to Col. [John] Bradstreet, con- 
Johnson Hall sidering a grant made by Mohocks to the people of 

Albany and possibility of the inclusion of an island 
claimed by both city and Indians. 190 

4 [Sir William Johnson] to Lieut. Gov. Horatio Sharpe, of 

Johnson Hall Maryland, discussing demand for goods made by In 
dians on provinces of Maryland and Pensilvania and 
suggesting Quaker instigation, also touching on im 
prudence of cutting off all supplies from Indians, and 
impolicy of interfering with Six Nations in their war 
against southern tribes. 191 

10 Hugh Wallace on mistaken kindness of Johnson to Mr 

New York Reily, and potash made by one of Johnson's tenants. 192 


Jan. 10 

New York 


New York 

New York 





New York 



New York 

New York 



Dr Richard Shuckburgh, informing that he has bought 
surgeon's commission in the I7th regiment, and needs 
to sell land in Mohock country, that he will be in 
quarters at Bushwick L. I., but can still be addressed in 
the Broadway. Mentions death of Chief Justice Pratt. 6:193 

William Darlington on inclosure forwarded to London, 
sundial and scale, use of steam pot, coat of arms, and 
articles from Ireland for Sir William. 194 

Michael De Bruls on cost of engraving, printing and 
coloring coat of arms. [Inclosed in 6:194] 195 

Hendrick Frey, apologizing for delay in returning note of 
hand, and apprizing of complaint made against him by 
Christian Dillenbagh in affair of account between 
Dillenbagh and Johnson. 197 

Jacob Snell, accepting offer of 515 New York currency 

for lot bounded by Cajadutta and Garoga creeks. 198 

Witham Marsh on results of Guy Johnson's visit to On- 
ondago, value of exercise, progress of lawsuit, attacks 
of gout, and purpose to come to Johnson as soon as 
health will permit. 199 

Daniel Campbell, offering to receive Johnson's warrant 
for 1500, which the writer will be able to use in New 
York, and, in return, give 800 down and the balance 
in a month or two, mentioning illness, and asking atten 
tion to Indian goods which he will sell. 200 

Samuel Stringer on contents of bundle left with him the 
summer before without directions, powder and ball re 
ceived, picture frames and cradle sent. 201 

Anthony Lamb about scale and sundial desired by 

Johnson. 196 

Abram Mortier, acknowledging warrant for 829, equal 
to 1421, 2s, io>^d New York currency, and regretting 
inability to give a draft on Albany for ^500. 202 

Charles Jeffry Smith on a meditated missionary excursion 
into Mohawk country, and genius, wisdom and ami 
ability of Joseph [Brant] ; asking leave to employ 
Joseph as interpreter. [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 4:325-26; 
Q, 4:208-9] 203 

Eleazer Wheelock (inclosing No. 203), praising char 
acter and proposed enterprise of Mr Smith, approv 
ing proposal to engage Joseph [Brant] as interpreter, 
and mentioning sites in New Hampshire and Mass 
achusetts under advertisement for location of the In 
dian school. Postscript of April 10 relating to a 
proposed journey with Joseph. [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 
4:322-24; Q, 4:207-8] 204 



Jan. 20 [Sir William Johnson] to Attorney General Kempe, dis- 

Johnson Hall cussing action to be taken against traders at Toronto, 

and recent fraudulent behavior of Klock [24:148], and 

inclosing deposition of Forbes, interpreter [24:150], and 

letter of David Schuyler [24:152?]; also disclaiming 

any imputation against Attorney General. 24:156 

21 Francis Wade about hunting dogs sent from Philadelphia 

New York m care o f Col. Cole; also a brickmaker wanted by 

Johnson. 6 :2O$ 

21 Daniel Campbell, renewing offer of January 13. [6:200] 206 


22 William Corry about writ against Burksdorff, accounts 
Albany to be collected, his slavery to business, and some grass 

seed expected from England. 207 

24 Gw. Banyar, inclosing minutes of Council, and news ; 
New York also informing that notice of meeting advised by Coun 
cil should be inserted in Weyman's Gazete. 208 
24 Same, sending Council minutes and two Indian deeds. 209 
New York 

29 Sir William Johnson to William Darlington, objecting to 
Johnson Hall Mr D. Bruls's price for printing and painting coat of 

arms as extravagant, subscribing for water and land 
views of New York, advertised by D. Bruls, with men 
tion of other matters intrusted to Darlington. 210 

30 Witham Marsh, account of a success in his lawsuit, corn- 
New York ment on bearings of peace treaty with France on In 
dian relations, complaint of sufferings from gout and 

a word of pity for destitution of Mr Flood. 212 

30 Daniel Campbell, arranging payments of money in 
Schenectady exchange for Johnson's warrant, informing of Far- 

rell Wade's arrest in action by Mr Corry for def 
amation, and offering congratulation on birth of 
granddaughter. 213 

' 30 Jacob Deyckman Jun'r, asking directions for sending 
New Bridge trees. 214 

31 John Macomb to [Sir William Johnson] about blank- 
Albany ets and mistake in account, which he will rectify. 215 

3r William Darlington on letters forwarded to England by 

New York Duke of Cumberland, Capt. John Goodridge, news of 

peace, and theft of Albany mail on the way to New 

York. 216 

Feb. i John Duncan, inclosing letter brought by soldier, 

Albany an( i communication from Mr Corry, and asking 

Johnson's pleasure regarding the second. 217 

3 John Macomb, craving intercession with Governor in 
Albany regard to trouble in which the writer is involved by 

resenting warmly Mr Wade's unbecoming words 
about Sir William. 218 


Feb. 4 

New York 









Sir William Johnson to Goldsborough Banyar, send 
ing notice, for publication, of proposed meeting of 
Conajohare sachems and chiefs, emphasizing neces 
sity of Klock's producing a paper in his possession 
[24:148], defending Indian evidence obtained by 
Johnson in dispute over patent, and considering 
value of land in Banyar's patent and his own estate. 6:219 

[Sir William Johnson] to Witham Marsh: a cheerful 
frame of mind in illness and in litigation is com 
mended; and weather, preparations for building, 
birth of daughter to Mr and Mrs Claus, marriage 
of youngest daughter to Lieut. Guy Johnson, and 
neighborhood incidents are mentioned. 220 

Attorney General J. T. Kempe, acknowledging de 
position of Forbes and letter of [late] David 
Schuyler, suggesting that offenses of Indian traders 
[at Toronto] are outside the jurisdiction of prov 
ince of New York, inquiring as to Johnson's au 
thority touching wrongs against Indians, and giv 
ing opinion as to a settlement of land trouble with 
Canajoharie Indians which Capt. Rutherford was 
said to have effected. 24:157 

Lieut. Col. David Van Der Heyden, acknowledging 
commission, and relating brutal incident in which 
an Indian was the sufferer, but was soothed with 
two dollars and a bottle of rum. 6:221 

William Corry on his efforts to collect debts, and the 

movements of the sheriff. 222 

Record of notice, brought by three Onondagaes, of a visit 
by sachems of their nation on account of message re 
ceived at Onondaga from Sir William. 24:160 

Advertisement of John Duncan, J. P. ; John Glen Jun'r, 
J. P.; Daniel Campbell, Justice; Isaac Vroman, Jus 
tice, that carriages on highway between Albany and 
Schenectady must be 4 feet 10 inches wide from 
outside to outside of wheel. 6 :223 

H. Van Schaack, presenting account for ^280, i6s, ad 
vanced to De Couagne, interpreter. 224 

Same to [Sir William Johnson], conveying current 
report that a number of bateaux are to be built at 
Pittsburgh and several regiments sent to the 
Mississipi to build fort, headquarters to be at Wil- 
liamsburgh, and mentioning arrival of Brig. Bur 
ton and other officers on their way to Canada. 225 

John Duncan, inclosing notice regarding width of 
carnages [6:223] an d draft of memorial for estab 
lishment of post office. 226 




Feb. 14 Thomas Burgie to [Sir William Johnson], informing 
New York that plants laurels, hollies, myrtles etc., meant 
for Johnson have perished on the way, and declar 
ing desire to obtain something " curious " for John 
son. [Inclosed with 6:233] 

14 Gw. Banyar to [Sir William Johnson], notifying that 
New York notice of Indian meeting [6:219] has gone to 
printer and justices present at declaration of In 
dians concerning Livingston patent [24:148] should 
have opportunity to attend, and describing bound 
ary between French and English at mouth of 
Missisippi, as shown by preliminaries of peace. 
16 Capt. Daniel Claus, asking advice as to sale of com 
mission, in view oM Lieut] Carr's readiness to pay 
a high price for it. 

16 John B. Van Eps about arrangements for forwarding 
Schinectady letters. 

17 John Macomb on intended journey to Montreal and 
Albany his recent alarm over complaint made by Mr 


18 [Sir William Johnson] to Attorney General J. T. 
Johnson Hall Kempe, defining his own authority over offenses 

against Indians and responsibility of the province, 

and exposing pretense that Capt. Rutherford had 

effected a settlement with Canajoharie Indians. 

21 Gw. Banyar, inclosing Indian declaration [24:148], 

[New York] anc i mentioning rumor that 20 regiments will be 

kept in America. 

William Darlington about land and water views of 
New York, coat of arms, plants and trees, a note 
[6 :22/] from Lord Sterling's gardener and land 
" on Stone Robby," in which he is invited to invest. 

24 Sir William Johnson to Hennery Vanschaack, sending 
Johnson Hall draft on Abraham Mortier for balance of John B. De 

Coaugne's pay, and inquiring about claim of his own 
against estate of late Mr Hitchen Holland. 

25 William Corry on collecting debts and transmitting 
Albany money to Johnson; informing of report that Gen. 

Amherst will build forts along the Oheeo the fol 
lowing summer. 

25 Sir William Johnson to Gw. Banyar, denouncing charge 
Johnson Hall that one of the Indians who make a declaration before 
him on Livinsgston patent dispute was a woman and 
characterizing Capt. Rutherford's profession to have 
accommodated the dispute with the Indians, intimating 
that the French will not long respect terms of peace, 
asking how to proceed to gets his lands into a manor 
and giving an enthusiastic invitation to visit Johnson 



New York 












27 Michael Furey, relating to mercantile adventures, which 
New York have lodged him in jail, charging unfaithfulness on 

(City Hall) the part of William Kennady, merchant, and mention 
ing willingness of Hugh Wallace to assist, hope of 
redress for violence exercised by creditors and hope 
of loan from Walter Goodman for firewood. 6:237 

28 Witham Marsh on notice inserted in Weyman's paper, 
New York relief from gout, difficulty in way of coming to Johnson 

Hall, expectation of humbling opponent in lawsuit, 

Mr Hutchinson, farmer from near Belfast, who wishes 

to settle near Johnson, and can induce 40 Irish families 

to follow him, and condition of Judge Chalmers, who 

is stricken with palsy. 238 

Mar. i Hendrick Frey Jun'r about notice of meeting at Canajo- 

Canajoharre harre March 10, and Johnson's note to Jacob Snell for 

land. 239 

1 Theophilact Bache's receipt for 5, 5s, 3d paid by 
New York William Darlington for conveyance of baskets and 

trunk, by the Mary, Capt. Mears, from Dublin. 240 

2 [Sir William Johnson] to William Darlington, declining 
Johnson Hall service proffered by Lord Sterling's gardener unless 

rendered with his lordship's consent, drawing attention 
to orders for seeds, plants, trees etc., that he may " put 
out all the country in a garden," asking more definite 
description of lands at Stoneraby, and suggesting neces 
sity of bringing a skipper to account for lost articles. 241 

7 Alexander Golden (postmaster), considering postal ser- 
New York v i ce f or benefit of Schenectady [6:226] and advising 

employment of messenger to carry Schenectady and 
Mohawk river mail from and to Albany; also mention 
ing report that Gov. Dobbs of North Carolina will give 
way to Robert Morris. 242 

8 H. Van Schaack about draft from Johnson on Mr Mortier 
Albany an( j Johnson's account against estate of late Hitchen 

Holland. 4 :200 

10 Proceedings of meeting of Sir William Johnson and jus- 
Conajoharee tices of peace of Albany county with Conajoharee In 
dians, held in pursuance of order of Governor and 
Council of January 19; John Duncan represents white 
claimants; Indian speakers attribute Indian signatures 
to document of December 9 to liquor furnished by 
Klock, deny Klock's right to the land, vindicate right 
of Indian women to the land as being the persons who 
work it and call on Johnson to stop liquor traffic. 24:159 



Mar. 12 Capt. John Lottridge on precariousness of his position 

Montrial and his doubt as to wisdom of returning to the army, 

continued ill treatment of Caghnawageys by the officer 
at Ticonderoga, preparations to punish sutler respon 
sible for drunken debauch of the Indians at Connes- 
hadagey, Gen. Amherst's policy as to supplying Indians 
with ammunition, Gov. Gage's probable retirement, 
dejection of leading French families in Montreal over 
cession of Canada and satisfaction of the common 
people, marriage of Miss Polly to Lieut. Johnson, 
hunting dog sent down by Mr McCoumb, and draft on 
Johnson for 100. 6:243 

15 Sir William Johnson to William Darlington, sending . 

Johnson Hall draft on Mr Mortier, paymaster, for 120 currency, 
with directions to pay Hugh Wallace 20 and send 
up beef, rice, bohea tea and American cheese and . 
learn price of Madeira. 244 

18 Speech of Onondagaes relative to murder of two men [in 
Seneca country], informing of meeting to be held at 
Chenussio, asking that the General's sentiments may be 
announced there by Mohawk messengers, naming mem 
bers of several tribes authorized to bring Johnson report 
of Chenussio meeting, and seeking permission to send 
two principal warriors to confer with King George. 24:161 

[18, 19] Sir William to Onondagas, suggesting that Onondaga 
is a better meeting place than Chenussio, agreeing to 
send word regarding Gen. Amherst's sentiments, approv 
ing Indian messengers named, and promising to con 
sider proposal to send deputies to King George. Speech 
of Ondagoes, announcing resolution of Cayugas to 
refrain from interference in affair of Elder Brothers 
[Mohawks, Onondagas and Senecas] and go out 
against Cherokees, and deprecating this resolve. Reply 
of Sir William, who delivered belt for Cayugas and 
message requesting their presence at Chenussio to 
assist in terminating trouble over murder. 162 

20 John Glen Jun'r about payment of Indians employed by 

Schonectady him and by Schuyler. 6:245 

20 Account of money paid by same to several persons for 

Schonectady bateauing under David Schuyler from Schonectady to 

the Littlefalls. 247 

20 Lieut. Thomas Cottrell, desiring to buy piece of land in 
Fort Schyler which Lieut. Smith, deceased, was interested. [5:141, 

142] 248 

. 21 James Shuter, asking for ^50 due on bill. ?'* 


21 James Rivington, sending account for pictures, books etc. 

New York and promising to send magazines on arrival of packet. 2 




Mar. 22 William Johnson's account against estate of the late 

Hitchen Holland. -, 6:159 
22 John Duncan to [Sir William Johnson], agreeing to 
Schenectady Postmaster Colden's proposition [6:242] regarding a 
Schenectady mail service, for which Duncan is soliciting 
subscriptions, he to act as postmaster. 3 
22 Witham Marsh to "Good Sir William," explaining de- 
New York tention by " fresh fit of the gout," discussing bad con 
duct of Ferrall Wade in affair with Mr Johnson [and 
John Macomb?], ostracism suffered by Wade on 
account of affair of Miss Corry, and suit for defama 
tion threatened by old Mr Smith against Mr W ce. 

22 Peter Silvester (lawyer) on debt of William Printrup, 
Albany against whom he is proceeding for Col. Hoffman; 

offering to stay action if Johnson will give his word 

for the money. 5 

23 Account of meeting with Mohawks and gentlemen from 
Fort Johnson Schenectady, in which the former laid claim to lands 

from Flatts of Schenectady to Gagawariuni, while the 
latter produced Indian deed of 1679, patent of 1684 from 
Gov. Dongan and several receipts. Account of proposal 
by Col. Eliphalet Dyer and Mr Woodbridge of Stock- 
bridge, sent to invite Six Nations to a conference at 
Albany in behalf of settlement on the Susquahana, and 
make them a present, and to invite Johnson to become 
a partner in Susquahana enterprise ; also of rebuke and 
warning uttered by Johnson. 24:160 

24 William Corry about money matters, scarcity of fodder, 
Albany plentifulness of wheat, sufferings of Chesnut and 

Graham by robbery and incendiarism, arrival of Mrs 
Gage with two children from Montreal, expectation that 
Col. Burton will take command at Montreal. 7:6 

25 Account of meeting with Mohawks relative to conference 
Johnson Hall a t Chenussio. Chief Abraham reveals concern of Six 

Nations at intended emigration of Connecticut people 
to Skahandowana or Wioming, and begs that John 
son will ask Governor of Connecticut and intending 
settlers to wait till the movement has been considered 
at Chenussio. Johnson approves this policy. 24:163 

26 John Duncan to [Sir William Johnson] on new postal 
Schenectady arrangement [6 :242] and movements of Gen. and Mrs 

Gage. 7 7 

26 John Macomb about molasses and salt which he will send 
Albany up, severe thaw, dog brought from Capt. Lottridge [in 

Canada] and Capt. Lottridge's draft on Johnson in 
favor of Macomb for i 100. 8 




Mar. 28 Gov. Horatio Sharpe of Maryland to Six Nations, 
Annapolis speech in answer to message and belt received through 
Governor of Pennsylvania: consents to Daniel Cresap's 
keeping a store for convenience of Indians and his sup 
plying provisions, at expense of province, to warriors 
passing through. 7:8 

28 John Hambleton, offering to buy from 200 to 400 acres 
Newtown, L.I. o f land; and inclosing inquiry of John Springer and 
Isack Forshe about terms of settling on Johnson's 
land. 10 

30 [Sir William Johnson] to Gov. Hamilton, making him 
Johnson Hall acquainted with interview with Col. Dyer and Mr 
Woodbridge, representing Connecticut company formed 
to settle lands on Susquehanna [24:160], and with 
message of Mohawks [24:163] to intending settlers; 
and asking his intervention. n 

30 [Sir William Johnson] to Col. David Van Der Heyden, 
Johnson Hall approving employment of militia for protection of city 
against crime at night, but remarking that Albany is 
large enough to establish a night watch. 12 

30 [Sir William Johnson] to Richard Peters on boundary 
Johnson Hall between Six Nations and Proprietaries, and interview 

with representatives of Susquehanna company. [24:160] 13 

30 [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Amherst, relating inter- 
. Johnson Hall v i ew with Col. Dyer and Mr Woodbridge [24:160] 
relative to settlement on Susquehanna, deploring results 
that will follow the rash and lawless enterprise, and 
asking advice and intervention. 24:164 

Apr. i H. Van Schaack, acknowledging account against estate 
Albany o f Hitchen Holland and mentioning a slight matter to 

be set against it. 7:14 

2 William Weyman (printer) to Dr Henry Barclay on 
New York ne w edition of Indian prayer book. [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 

4:326-27; Q, 4:209] 15 

4 John Macomb about molasses, the dog Prince, and loss 
Alban- o f account. 16 

4 Alexander Colden on Schenectady mail service, and state 
New York o f Mr Cunningham's and other patents. 17 

4 William Darlington about draft received and applied on 
New York account, trees, herbs, seeds etc. to be sent on Volkert 

Dow's sloop, and price of Madeira 70 per pipe. 18 

4 William Corry, sending account of collections, with ac- 
Albany count of estate of Garret Van Antwerpe, and men 

tioning suit for slander to be brought under statute of 
Richard 2 in scandalum magnatum. 19 



Apr. 4 [Sir William Johnson] to John Pownall [London], in- 
Fort Johnson quiring about papers proceedings at Easton in 
dispute between Delawares and Proprietors of Penn 
sylvania, deeds etc. sent to Lords of Trade; describ 
ing his titles to two tracts, one on Susquehanna and \ 
the other on Mohawk [5:19]; and offering the former 
to the King for colonization or other public use, or to 
some land company, and asking such representation, 
by the Lords of Trade, of his labors in defending and 
settling the frontier as will procure him a royal patent 
for the latter, the Conajoharee tract. 7:20 
5 William Priddie to [Sir William Johnson], offering to 
New York supply seeds or trees. 21 

7 [Sir William Johnson] to Gw. Banyar, discrediting testi- 
Johnson Hall mony of several Indians on Conajoharee patent and 
expressing surprise that Governor and Council would 
hear such irresponsible declarations, condemning Indian 
signatures to original deed, and representing impatience 
of Six Nations, already irritated by new preparations to 
encroach on Susquehanna lands. 24:165 

7 Record of meeting with Karaghijagiya, an Onondaga, 

who brings belts and friendly assurances, but expresses 
concern over Susquehanna settlement and troubles of 
Mohawks about possession of their lands. Departure 
of Mohawk ambassadors for Onondaga meeting. Re 
turn of express with answer of Gov. Fitch of Con 
necticut to Mohawk message and Johnson's letter. 
[24:163] 167 

8 [Sir William Johnson] to Maj. Gladwin (commanding 
Johnson Hall a t Detroit), stating terms of peace with France and 

Spain, expressing wish that Louisiana had been taken 
for security of frontier, agreeing with opinion that 
frontier interests require more liberal expenditures, 
and sending compliments to a lady. 7 :22 

8 Witham Marsh, reporting that he has transcribed from 
New York Johnson's letter of March 23 all relating to Indians 

and sent it to Weyman [printer], commending re 
strictions on trade with Chenussiaes, regretting neces 
sity of lingering till next trial of his cause, and describ 
ing party heat in England and short memory of the 
Jacobites. 23 

9 Charges under 13 heads against Ury Klock. [Drawn up 

by Dominie J. G. Lappius] 24:166 

9 Indenture binding Margriet " the Daughter of Jannetye 
an Indian Squaw " in service to Johannis Roorbach 
for seven years. Interest in service of Margriet as 
signed June 10, in consideration of 10, to Abraham 
Wendell. Assigned March 13, 1766, to Sir William 
Johnson. 7 124 




Apr. ii Anthony Lamb, sending ivory scale and a dial to answer 
New York the latitude of 43 30' and seeds of apple of curious 

sort. 7 125 

12 William Darlington about receipts and letter [7:25] 
New York inclosed, articles forwarded which came from Ireland, 

etc. 26 

12 Volkert A'm Douw's receipt for articles from William 
New York Darlington, to be conveyed to Sir William Johnson or 

order at Albany. 27 

12 Receipt of Alexander Wallace, for Hugh Wallace, for 20 

New York received by hand of Mr Darlington. 22:147(2) 

13 James Rivington, sending list of pamphlets and books of 
New York entertainment, and mentioning retirement of Lord 

Egremont as Secretary of State and succession of 
Charles Townsend. 7:28 

14 [Sir William Johnson] to proprietaries of lowlands near 
Johnson Hall Schenectady, notice that Mohocks, in spite of meeting 

and discussion at his house [24:160], consider original 
price paid for those lands so trifling that further satis 
faction should be given them. 29 

15 [Sir William Johnson] to William Darlington, mention- 
Johnson Hall jng draft, house that is building, pork and beef desired, 

trees, seeds etc., and snow which will linger 10 days 
longer in the woods. 30 

16 Daniel Campbell, telling of imprisonment of McCord, a 
Schenectady blacksmith, for debt, and suggesting in what way John 
son may recover part of McCord's indebtedness to him 
self. 32 

16 Elinora Cummins, acknowledging favor in regard to 
Schenectady house which she is about to give up, as she will leave 

this part of the country. 33 

17 H. Van Schaack, giving news : 22 battalions to be kept 
Albany j n America, several regiments to go to Ireland, Gov. 

Ellis to be Governor of Canada, " our Governor " to 

go home. 34 

18 Charles Williams to [Sir William Johnson] about 
New York papers which he will send and power of attorney 

from Mrs Cosby to Sir William to sell all her lands 
in the province, and rumor that Mr Pitt is made Secre 
tary of State. 35 
18 Witham Marsh, announcing arrival from New York, and 
Albany hj s appointment of Jerry Renslaer as deputy, mention 
ing Mr Johnson, Gov. [Monckton's] departure, and 
prospect of soon finishing lawsuit. 36 
18 Sir William Johnson to John Pownall [7:20], de- 
Johnson Hall fining his claim to tract on the Mohawk [5:19] and 
soliciting aid, through Lords of Trade or other channel, 
to obtain royal patent. 37 


i6 7 

Apr. 18 

New York 

Dr Richard Shuckburgh, considering report that his regi- 

ment will be ordered to England or Ireland, and asking 
recommendation to Lord Hallifax, help in the sale of 
640 acres rrr the Mohawks, and some household effects, 
and engaging in biblical and moral reflections of a 
humorous cast on his ill fortune. 7:38 

21 Witham Marsh on Jerry Renslaer's mistake and timidity 

Albany i n legal movements, freight for Johnson that has come 

up the river, and effect on his health of fretting. 39 

21 Speech of Asarondonges, chief of Onondagaes living at 
Otseningo, representing deplorable condition of his 
people from want of ammunition, and complaining of 
neglect by Sir William. Answer of Sir William, giving 
a small amount of ammunition, and reminding Onon- 
daga from Otseningo of lukewarmness of that settle 
ment when asked in 1760 to join expedition to Canada. 24:167 
24 H. Van Schaack to [Sir William Johnson], informing that 

Albany definitive treaty between England and France was 

signed February 10, and mentioning destination of 
several regiments, 15th, I7th, 42d, 44th, 47th, Royal 
Americans and Frasers. 7:40 

24 Charles Williams, inclosing letter from Col. Clinton rela- 

New York tive to lands belonging to Governor [Clinton]. 41 

25 Hugh Wallace on receipt of 20, profit in producing 
New York potash and hemp, and premiums offered to American 

agriculture by Society for Encouragement of Arts, etc. 42 
25 Thomas Flood about affairs in which zeal for Sir Wil- 
New York Ham's reputation has landed him in prison. 43 

25 Daniel Campbell about attempt of McCord to leave in 

Schenectady clandestine manner, death of old friend, Mr Corry of 

Albany, enforcement of order concerning width of 

wagons on highways, price of nails, and money for 

which he would like a bill on Albany or New York. 44 

25 William Darlington, mentioning draft on Mr Mortier, 
New York trees sent by Mr Dyckman, articles to be sent in charge 

of Garret Marselis, things delivered to Dr Stringer, 

and strong demand for fruit trees. 45 

26 Abr. Lyle, sending bill of Capt. Montur in favor of 
Albany Francis Wade and inquiring about several accounts. 46 

27 Daniel Claus about trees and other articles, from New 

York, brought in bateaux from Schenectady. 31 

28 Gerrit Merselis's receipt to William Darlington for 
New York barrels and keg shipped to Albany for Sir William 

Johnson on Merselis's sloop. [Inclosed in 7:58] 59 



Apr. 29 [Sir William Johnson] to Gov. Hamilton, communicating 
Johnson Hall reply of Gov. Fitch to remonstrance against Connecti 
cut settlement on Susquehanna and letter from Earl of 
Egremont declaring his Majesty's disapprobation of 
the settlement, as well as information of Indian council 
at Onondaga, at which proposed settlement will doubt 
less be discussed. 7:47 
29 [Sir William Johnson] to Mrs [William] Corry, con- 
Johnson Hall dolence on death of her husband. 48 

29 [Sir William Johnson] to Rev. Dr Barclay on plan of 
Johnson Hall forthcoming Indian prayer book and advantage of mis 
sion work not only to Indians but to established church. 
Woe. Hist. N. Y. 4:330; Q, 4:211] 49 

29 Witham Marsh of added obligations to Sir William for 
Schenectady espousing his cause, and intention of Mr Mcllworth 

and himself to set out for fort on following day in a 
wagon. 50 

30 Samuel Tyms's bill and receipt to Daniel Campbell for 
Schenectady cloth. [Inclosed in 7:53] 54 

May 2 Richard Allen, complaining of loss at hands of Indians 
Fort Stanwix an d asking that his grievance be laid before the nation 

responsible for murder and robbery. 51 

Richard Allen's account of losses sustained from the 

Indians. 15 :2OO 

2 Catherine Corry, informing that Mr Corry is dead [7 :44] 

and asking advice and assistance in settling his affairs. 7:52 

2 J. T. Kempe, Attorney General, on testimony in council 
New York an d behavior in the Bowery Lane of certain Indians, 

charge against Klock awaiting trial, subpoenas and 
counsel and desirability of Johnson's attendance. 24:168 

3 Daniel Campbell about black cloth sent up and difficulty 
Schonectady o f obtaining fine cloth or good tailor. 7:53 

5 [Sir William Johnson] to Col. Clinton, giving facts of 
Johnson Hall purchase of land from father of the latter and offering 
any assistance regarding lands belonging to late [Gov.] 
Clinton. 55 

5 [Sir William Johnson] to Charles Williams, transmitting 
Johnson Hall no . 55 for Col. Clinton. 56 

5 Ab'm Lyle to [Sir William Johnson], inclosing communi- 
Albany cation from Hugh Wallace, and mentioning arrival of 

commodities for Johnson by sloop, return of draft 
to Mr Wade, and credit which the writer has too 
freely granted. 57 

5 [Sir William Johnson] to Mr Henry Montour, instruc- 
Johnson Hall tions to proceed to Chilliequagey and endeavor to allay 
fears of Indians about lands, cooperating for that end 
with Mr McKee, assistant deputy agent. 24:169 



May 6 William Darlington, on sending copper plate and prints, 
New York inclosing receipt for articles previously sent, and de 
nouncing De Bruls's charge for plate and prints. 7:58 
9 J- T. Kempe, outlining evidence required to convict 
New York George Klock of fraud in obtaining titles to Indian 
lands, speaking of Mr Scott and Mr Hicks as possible 
assistant counsel, and asking aid in getting witnesses 
for trial of John Henry Lydius, accused of intrusion 
on king's lands near Fort Edward. 24:170 

11 [Sir William Johnson] to William Smith Jun'r (retained 
Johnson Hall j n behalf of tenants on Livingston patent), stating some 

evidence available for defense of those persons. 171 

12 [Sir William Johnson] to J. T. Kempe, commenting on 
Johnson Hall Indian testimony in court, and requesting that [Wil 
liam] Smith jun'r may have access to evidence required 
in defending German tenants ejected from Livingston 
patent. 172 

12 [Sir William Johnson] to Thomas Penn, acknowledging 
Johnson Hall approval of his efforts at Easton [24:133] to determine 
dispute between Proprietors and Delaware Indians 
[23:225; 4:190], and mentioning design of Connecticut 
people on Susquehanna lands [23:171, 172, 172 (2), 180], 
his discouragement of the project [24:160], and appeal 
to Gen. Amherst [24:164], Earl of Egremont's letter to 
Governor of Connecticut, ordering suspension of colo 
nizing movement, and resolve of Six Nations to send 
chiefs with belts and remonstrance to Connecticut. 7:60 

14 Daniel Campbell about action against Will. Printup's son 
Schenectady f or a sma n d e bt to "a man in this town," and chance 
to obtain a sum due from the elder Printup to Camp 
bell. 61 
14 John Byrne to [Capt. Warren Johnson] asking letters of 
Coventry introduction to persons in New York, to be inclosed 
Frigate m letter to Admiral Tyrrell or sent in his care. 62 

16 Abraham Wnupas (New England Indian), imploring in- 
Albany Jail tervention to procure speedy trial or release from con 
finement, in which he is held on false charge of mur 
der; describing sufferings; and attributing all to in 
humanity of his brethren. 63 
16 Rev. Eleazar Wheelock on discontent produced in the 
Hartford mind of Joseph [Brant] by letter from his sister calling 
him home; speaking of purpose of Charles Jeffry 
Smith [6:203, 204], and asking directions. [Doc. Hist. 
N. Y. 4:330-31; Q, 4:211-12] 65 




May 1 6 


New York 

Witham Marsh, giving results of conference with Mr 
Sylvester on wrongs of Indians and means of punish 
ing " Rogue Young " for slander, with description of 
Van Scheit [opponent in lawsuit] and enemies in Sche- 
nectady, whom the writer means to remember. 7:66 

William Kelly, sending news, brought by way of Mar 
tinique, of surrender of the Minillas to British arms 
and capture of ship from Aquapulcha with 2,000,000 
sterling in prize money, forwarding letter from London, 
brought by ship Beaulah Green, and mentioning goods 
arrived. 67 

17 [Sir William Johnson] to Gov. Fitch, speaking of dele- 
Johnson Hall gation from Six Nations on the way to Connecticut 
and fatal consequences to follow neglect of Indian 
protests against settlement on Susquehanna. 68 

Col. John Bradstreet, concerning provisions which he has 
ordered to be conveyed from Schenectady to Johnson 
Hall. 69 

P. Sylvester, giving opinion that action for slander may 
be brought against Frederick Young by information or 
indictment, accompanied by reprisal suit for damages, 
and answering that he, himself, is not concerned in the 
cause of the King against Klock. 70 

William Darlington, sending receipt by Capt. Wendell 
and promising accounts by post, also mentioning trees 
from Mr Dykeman. 71 

Harmanus J. Wendell's receipt as master of sloop, for 
articles from William Darlington for Sir William 
Johnson. 72 

Lieut. James Gorrell's certificate that Charles Gaultier 
Fort Edward DeVerville served as interpreter, August 23, 1/62, to 
Augustus May 20, 1763. [Copy inclosed with 12:132(1)] 12:132(2) 

23 William Darlington, sending invoice of goods and state- 
New York ment of transactions, and mentioning letter from Sir 
William to [John] Pownal, forwarded by man of war 
Intrepid. 7 175 

William Kelly, information that he has forwarded goods, 

as Mr Gilliland hesitated to do so without orders. 76 

Philip Lansing's receipt for articles shipped on his sloop 
by William Kelly, to be delivered to Dr Stringer for 
Sir William Johnson. [Inclosed in 8:36; December 8] 8:39 
Jacob Harsin, smith, asking authority to obtain provisions. 7:77 




New York 

New York 


New York 

New York 


27 Greg. Cunningham's bill and receipt to William Darling- 
New York ton for 17 for lace bought at venclue. 









May 28 Conference of Governor, Council and Assembly of Con- 
Hartford necticut with deputies of Six Nations; William Printup 
interpreter. Sagayenquaraghta, Mohock, discoursed on 
olden friendship between Six Nations and English, 
showed baselessness of Connecticut title to Susqua- 
hannah lands, and asked consideration of Indian re 
monstrance against meditated settlement. 24:173 

Continuation of conference. Gov. Fitch assured 
deputies that settlers had renounced their project to 
occupy lands on Susquahanna till it had been con 
sidered by the King. Deputies expressed satisfac 
tion, promising, if they ever sold the lands, to let 
Connecticut people buy them. 174 

Gov. Thomas Fitch, communicating fact of confer 
ence with deputies of Six Nations [24:173, 174], of 
his order from the King to stop movement to col 
onize Susquehannah lands, and acquiescence of 
colonists in King's order. 175 

P. Silvester, advising that case against Frederick 
Youngs [for slander] be kept for the assizes, as it 
can not be brought before Court of Common Pleas 
or Circuit Court at approaching sessions, and ask 
ing full and precise information regarding action 
against Klock. [24:126] 6:40 

Isaiah Corry about affidavits and other papers relating to 

Klock, together with some bonds and accounts. 7 164. 

June 2 Thomas McKee, suggesting that his commission be 
Philadelphia sent him and reporting that New Englanders are 

settling at Wyoming. 7& 

2 Maj. W. Hervey (from Montreal), announcing that he 
Schenectady j s about to sail for England, and conveying good 

wishes of Gen. Gage and friends in the 44th. 7<> 

3 Cornrat Lagranse to .Abraham E. Wendell, bill of sale 

of negro. Jacob, for 109 New York currency. 80 

4 [Sir William Johnson] to [Maj. W. Hervey], ex- 
Johnson Hall pressing regret at failure to receive a visit, acknowl 
edging and returning compliments, and inclosing 
letters for England. 8l 

4 Elinora Cummins to [Sir William Johnson] about ex- 
Frankfort pense and difficulty of living in Frankfort, neglect 

on the part of Frank and Ferrale Wade, and Indian 
outbreak against back settlements. 82 

5 De Couagne, intelligence of Wapackcamigat's de- 
Niagara mand for rum and threat on refusal, also of Indian 

attack on several boat crews on the shore of " the 

big River where the Chippaways live." 83 






June 6 Same, intelligence of Indian attack at night on 
Niagara Queen's Independents and detachment of the 6oth, 

25 miles from Detroit, the Independents losing 40 
men; likewise of message, with belt and three 
scalps, received by Senecas from Indians about 
Pittsbourg, inviting them to take up the bloody 
hatchet. 7 184 

Capt. Daniel Claus, seeking advice as to sale of cap 
taincy, reporting visit to Caghnawageys and their 
'anxiety over boundary of Chateaugay patent, in 
tended present of ammunition to Indians about De 
troit, transactions of Messrs Wells and Wade, cool 
reception in London of peace announcement, and 
talk that Gen. Murray will be Governor General 
of Canada. 85 

7 [Sir William Johnson] to Gov. Hamilton, giving ac- 
Johnson Hall count of meeting [24:173, 174] between deputies of 
Six Nations and Gov. Fitch, and expressing hope 
that Connecticut people will desist from purpose 
to settle on the Susquehanna, and that contention 
will be settled by the King. 5:163 

[Sir William Johnson] to William Darlington, ac 
knowledging services, and asking that a hogshead 
of West India rum, a cask of port and a hundred of 
loaf sugar may be sent him by an honest skipper. 7:86 

Peter D. Schuyler's affidavit, before Justice Jacob 
Klock, repeating story of his father, David Schuyler, 
as to Surveyor Collins's trick against the Indians 
[24:152], and describing George Klock's method of 
persuading Indians to sign away land. 24:176 

Samuel Stringer about goods forwarded and lodging 
which he is prepared to furnish. 7:87 

Indenture by which Margrett, -" Daughter of Jannety, 
an Indian Squaw," binds herself, and any children 
she may have, in life service to Abraham E. Wen 
dell. Interest in such service transferred to Sir Wil 
liam Johnson March 13, 1766. [7:24] 88, 88a 

De Couagne, informing that sloop has brought news 
of siege of Detroit by Indians, valiant defense by 
Maj. Gladwin, fidelity of the French, and Indian bar 
barities, and mentioning relief expedition from 
Niagara. 89 

Ab'm Mortier, acknowledging receipt of Sir [Gen.] 
Jeffery Amherst's warrant in Johnson's favor for 
2923, 2s, 6d currency, regretting that he can not pay 
it through an Albany correspondent, and advising Sir 
William to draw on him in favor of some one in New 
York. nn 








New York 



June 20 Copy of 7:90. [Inclosed in 7:253] 7:254 

20 Gw. Banyar, saying that he will be unable for a time 
New York to visit Johnson Hall, expressing hope that Gen. 

Amherst and Sir William will succeed in pacifying 
Indians, and mentioning [Cadwallader] Golden and 
Gov. [Josiah] Hardy, late of New Jersey, in connection 
with official places to be filled. 91 

21 William Darlington, concerning articles desired by John- 
New York son a nd Capt. Glaus. 92- 

27 John' Macomb about articles sent in care of Mr Van Eps, 

Albany an( i others desired by Mrs Brant. 93 

July i William Darlington, mentioning articles sent by Switts, 

New York illness of Isaac Low, son in law of [Cornelis] Cuyler, 

and " lace purchased out of the French Prize." 94 

i Cornelius Swits's receipt for rum, pork and sugar to be 

New York delivered at Albany to Sir William Johnson or order. 

[Inclosed in 7:94] 95 

i [Sir William Johnson] to the Lords of Trade, stating 

Fort Johnson grounds of hostility of Ottawas to the English, men 
tioning his endeavors to disarm their jealousy, his 
suspicion that Missisagas and Chippways have been in 
stigated to attack Detroit by emissaries from New 
Orleans, defeat of relief detachment from Niagara on 
its way to Detroit, destruction of settlements and posts, 
investment of Fort Pitt by Delawares, measures taken 
to redeem the situation, attitude of Six Nations, and 
his invitation to them to meet him at German Flatts, 
pointing out mistake of despising Indian strength, 
stating policy that should be pursued with Six Nations, 
and asking instructions. [Doc. rel. to Col. Hist. N. Y. 

7 1525-27! 96 

4 Sir William Johnson's account current with William 

New York Darlington. 97 

4 William Darlington, concerning no. 97. 98 

New York 

6 Lieut. Col. John Campbell to [Sir William Johnson], re- 
Fort Stanwix porting theft of sheep by Oneida Indians from the royal 

blockhouse and their disappearance from their castle. 99 

8 Letter of sachems, entreating interference to prevent 
Canajoharee George Klock's Indians from murdering old Brand and 

his wife, or prevent other mischief. 24:180 

10 John Macomb, describing missionary purpose of Rev. 
Albany Mr Smith, bearer of the letter. 7:100 

10 Daniel Campbell, offering to supply goods for Indians 
Schenectady an d pleading losses through stagnation of Indian trade. 101 



New York 



July ii Intelligence, brought by a Waweotonan and confirmed by 
Twightwees from Meamies, of disaffection toward the 
English among St Joseph Indians, Puttewatimies and 
Ottawas, who have received presents from the French 
in Illinois country. 24:181 

William Darlington, notifying that he will remit sum of 
money by Garrit Marselis, having received ^2598, 2s, 
6d, from Mr Mortier. 7:102 

Gerrit Merselis's receipt for 1007, 2s, 4d, received of 
CNew York] William Darlington to be delivered to Sir William 

Johnson or order at Albany. 103 

16 William Darlington, sending receipt [7:103] for ^1007, 
New York 2 s, 4d, remitted per Garrit Marselis, and informing 

that balance will be remitted per Capt. Samuel Pruym. 104 

Same about letter forwarded to Lords of Trade, on the 
Pitt packet, money remitted in care of Samuel Pruym, 
skipper, hinges and grass seed, Jersey money paid by 
Mr Mortier, medicines from Mr Lindner, and presents 
from Mrs Darlington. 105 

Capt. Samuel Pruyn's receipt for wine and ^992, 175, 
7^d, received on his sloop from William Darlington for 
Sir William Johnson. 74 

Capt. Soverinus Deyger's " list of ye state " of his com 
pany, lately at the German Flatts. 106 

Capt. Jacob Rlock's list of his company doing service at 
the German Flats, with names of those lawfully absent 
and one without lawful excuse. 107 

Alexander McKee to George Croghan, at Fort Bedford, 
stating that the messenger between them, John Hudson, 
has been detained by Indians, and mentioning in 
effectual attack by savages on Fort Pitt. 109 

Lieut. Gov. Fauquier [of Virginial to Gen. Amherst 
(extract), expressing opinion that late annoyances were 
committed by northern Indian bands returning from 
war with Cherokees. no 

Thomas Barton, declaring esteem and commending John 
Henry, gunsmith, who wishes to settle at Detroit. [No 
date] ill 

Capt Daniel Claus to [Sir William Johnson], concerning 
proceedings with Indians, particularly in congress at 
Caghnawagey, message of Caghnawageys to western 
Indians, assurances given by Mohawks and Ononda- 
goes, conference between Canada Indians and Governor 
at Montreal, peace movement of the Swegachies, arrival 
of Capt. Ethrington and Lieut. William Lassley with 
account of loss of Missilimakk, agency of Pontiac in 
that affair, action of Ottawas in rescuing prisoners, 
favorable attitude of Chipways at Falls of St Mary, of 
nations at La Bay and the Sioux, responsibility of 

New York 

New York 



Aug. 2 
Fort Pitt 











New York 


Chenusios [Genesee Senecas], Delawares and Shawa- 
nese, expediency of a meeting at Detroit, suspected 
French agency in uprising, difference between Caghna- 
wageys and Mohawks over hunting grounds, Claus's 
commission, coming Indian conference in Canada, 
draft on Mr Darlington, necessity of large present to 
Indians, Gen. Gage's relation at Capt. Butler's, and ac 
count of proceedings to be sent by Peter. 7:112 

Messages sent, with four belts of wampum (both by way 
of Lake Ontario and Ottawawa river) by the 
Caghnawageys, Caneghsad's, Arundax, Skaghquanes, 
Swegachies, St Francis and Three River Indians and 
Hurons near Quebec to the western nations : assuring 
them that Europe is at peace, French possessions as 
far as the Missisipi are ceded to the King of England, 
and Canadian Indians regard him as a common father, 
that he has power to destroy the Indians by suppressing 
trade, through his control of two great rivers leading 
from the sea, but he means to give them an advan 
tageous trade; and desiring them to lay down the 
hatchet. [Inclosed in 7:112. Printed in Doc. rel. to 
Col. Hist. N. Y. 7:544-45] 145 

Memorial of Thomas Ninigret and other Narragansetts. 

[24:178, 178(2) ; Nov. 2, 1764] 24:182 

Maj. Henry Glad win, of the 8oth, to George Croghan, 
certifying that 102, 7s, 6d, are due to Abraham Jones, 
gunsmith for the Indians, and his son Isaac. 183 

Capt. Hendrick Frey Jun'r, return of officers and men in 
his company who marched with him to Fort Herkimer, 
also of those who did not march. 7 :II 3 

Lieut. Goshin Van Alstein's return of his company, 85 
men and officers (including 12 men to be fined). 114 

Rev. Dr Henry Barclay (of Christ's church) to Rev. 
Samuel Johnson about advisability of Mr Bennet's going 
among Indians for missionary work, proposal of Boston 
commissioners, negotiations with Sir William Johnson 
regarding sale of Barclay's farm for missionary use, 
and matters, in a letter from Rye, regarding Mr Pal 
mer and Mr Punderson. [Doe. Hist. N. Y. 4:332-34; 
Q, 4:212-13] US 

Journal (sent by Robert Rogers) of officers at Detroit, 
narrating siege of fort, preceding Indian treachery, 
capture of Capt. Campbell and Lieut. McDougal, fall 
of Sanduskey with capture of commander, Ensign 
Pauley, and murder of garrison, heroic escape of three 
soldiers opposite Fort Detroit, defeat of relief expedi 
tion from Niagara under Lieut. Cuyler near mouth of 
Detroit river, loss of Fort Maimies under Ensign 




Aug. 15 
Fort Chart 

New York 








Holms by Indian artifice, fall of St Joseph's, with cap 
ture of Ensign Schlosser and massacre of garrison, fall 
of post at Ouiattanon, Lieut. [Edward] Jenkins and gar 
rison being taken and conveyed to the Ilonies, story 
brought from Capt. Etherinton and Lieut. Lessly of fall 
of Michilimakenac, destruction of blockhouse at Pres- 
queisle with capture of Ensign Christie and most of his 
soldiers, escape of .Lieut. McDougall, murder of Capt. 
Campbell, and report of fall of Vinango and La Beuf. 
[Diary of the Siege of Detroit, ed. by F. B. Hough; 
p. 125-35] 7:n6 

Lieut. Edward Jenkins's certificate to the services of 

Constant View as interpreter. n:i55 

William Darlington about oil sent in care of Harmanus 
Wendell, indentures and " price " of three servants, in 
cluding a gardener and his daughter, " purchased " for 
Johnson, articles sent per Sam Pruym, and Madeira 
already sent. 7:n? 

Capt. John Lottridge, describing character and purpose 
of four Caghnuwagey chiefs, who come to visit John 
son, mentioning letter carried by Petter the Mowhack, 
and expressing gratification at being retained in John 
son's employ. 118 

Capt. Daniel Claus, recommending Caghnawageys who 
visit Johnson and bring this letter, describing favorable 
disposition of Caghnawagey warriors and message of 
Caghnawagey envoys to Missisages, and mentioning 
pressure of business with upper nations. 119 

Same, mentioning proceedings with Ottawas from Missili- 
m'k [7:112] sent in charge of Peter, also annoyances 
of Indian society, belt and message to be borne by 
Ottawas on their return to the West, expectation of 
these Indians to receive some communication from 
Johnson, return of Caghnawagey deputies from Missis- 
agas, about Lake Ontario, friendly communication from 
Missisagas on Lake Huron, cost of present, about 
;6oo, to Ottawas, money transaction with Mr Campbell 
in Schenectady, and with Messrs Wade and Welles, 
departure of Lassly and Corel for Albany and also of 
Mr Ogilvie. 120 

Jer'h Hogeboom, complaining that young inexperienced 
men have been commissioned over his head in new regi 
ment, though he has served faithfully 21 years as cap 
tain, and inquiring whether it be true that the Governor 
rejected list of recommendations for militia appoint 
ments offered by Johnson, in favor of Col. Schuyler's 
list. 121 

Capt. Jacob Klock, regarding offer of old Brand to fur 
nish Indian scouts and failure of scouts to appear, on 
occasion of late march to Fort Herkeman. 122 



Aug. 20 Gen. Thomas Gage to Capt. Glaus, authorizing present 
Montreal to Indians. [Inclosed in 7:138] 7-139 

20 Daniel Oughnovra and Aron, or Aregheghta (Mo- 
Niagara hawks), telling of Maj. Wilkins's anger because he was 
not allowed to open letter for Capt Delyel at Detroit 
and their determination to go on to that post. 123 

23 Capt. Jacob Klock, relating story of abuse and violence in- 
Conajoharie flicted on his four sergeants sent to enforce a fine 

against George Klock's son. 124 

24 Gertruy Vander Heyden about goods forwarded to care 
Albany o f Mr Van Eps at Schonectady; indorsed Letter 

& Invoice from David Van Derheyden. 125 

24 De Couagne, intelligence of arrival of Capt. Duel 
Niagara [Dalyell] and his command at Detroit; an engagen:<mt 

outside the fort in which Duel was killed and Capt. 
Gray and Lieut. Brown were wounded, English loss 
being about 30; arrival of 70 men of the 46th; and re 
ported defection of the Senneckees. 126 
24 Capt. John Lottridge, a draft in favor of Richard Dobie. 
Montreal Indorsed by Dobie in favor of John Alexander & Co. 
and by Alexander & Co. in .favor of Duncan & Phyn. 
[Inclosed in 7:225] . 2*26 
27 William Prentup, repeating friendly assurances of Indians 
Fort Ontario a t Conasadaga and Cochnewaga and of Messasagas, re 
porting loss of Capt. Delyall in battle, and coming 
treaty at Oswegotche, and asking to be called home, as 
there will be no Indians at Oswego this summer. 127 
27 William Prentup, repeating friendly assurances of Indians 
New York i n g letters and articles sent or ordered. 128 

Petition of some members of Capt. Jacob Klock's com- 
Canajohary pany to Lieut. Gov. Cadwallader Colden, alleging over- 
severity against that officer and Lieut. Hanikel Herke- 
man; indorsed Ury Klock's Petition. [24:197, Jan. 
28, 1764] 1 08 

31 Adam Terrence's and Barnabas Coner's receipt to Alex- 
[FortPitt] ander McKee for their pa: 10:163 

Sept. i David Franks and other venders of Indian goods to 
Philadelphia ' [Sir William Johnson], asking Johnson's support in 
effort to obtain reparation for Indian depredations. 
[24:190, December 7; 191, December 12] 7:131 

2 [Sir William Johnson] to John Stewart, superintendent 
Johnson Hall o f southern Indian affairs, inquiring as to purpose of 
Tuscaroras in the South to come North, and willing 
ness of southern tribes to cooperate against northern 
Indians, and mentioning English repulse and death of 
Capt. Dalyell in forcing entrenchment near Detroit 
[action of Bloody Bridge]. 129 



Sept. 2 Col. William Eyre, introducing Mr Gilliland, who wishes 
New York to buy land, and expressing hope that expedition to 
Detroit may be as successful as the one led by Col. 
Bouquet to Pittsburgh. 7:130 

[6] Sir William Johnson's account with Duncan & Phyn. 8:171 


6 Capt. John Lottridge, on sending buffalo blanket and other 
Montrial things made by the Seues, expatiating on the power 

of that nation and their plans of vengeance against the 
Chippeways, expressing anxiety for Capt. Deale [Dai- 
yell] in view of his contempt for Indian prowess, 
speaking of a contemplated trip with Col. Holdiman to 
Lake Champlane and of a draft on Johnson for 100. 7:133 

6 John Duncan about order for goods, which he has 
Schenectady filled. 134 

7 Sir William Johnson's account, 338, 6s, 5^d, with 

[New York] William Darlington. 137 

7 Capt. Daniel Claus, explaining lapse of correspondence 

Montr :al by miscarriage of letters, and informing that Indians 
will be on their winter hunt in a month, that Gen. Gage 
proposes to give them ammunition, that eight friendly 
nations will be represented at a conference in June, sug 
gesting that Montreal is not a suitable meeting place 
for western Indians because of French influence, 
Detroit being better, criticizing the policy adopted 
toward the savages in the ceded territory, expressing 
hope that western Indians will stop the rebellion 
through disgust at privations in their trade, mention 
ing threats of western nations against Six Nations, 
peace offers of Missisageys to Capt. Dunbar at Fort 
William Augustus, present to Missilimack Indians and 
accounts of Daniel Campbell and Messrs Welles and 
Wade for donations to Indians. [Inclosing 7:139] 138 

7 William Darlington about goods sent per Garret Marselis, 
New York scarcity of silver, most of which is shipped to Europe, 

also Muscovy ducks and other fowls. 140(1) 

8 Maj. Alexander Duncan, recommending a gardener, re- 
Fort Ontario porting the death of Capt. Dalyell [7:126], the loss of a 

sloop 20 miles up Lake Erie with provisions for Detroit, 
the departure of the 46th, the 8oth and another corps in 
bateaux from Fort Ontario for Niagara, and advising 
of a visit which some Senecas will make to Johnson. 140(2) 
8 De Couagne, notifying of engagement on Lake Erie shore 
Niagara between Indians and men landed from the lost sloop; 

also good behavior of Daniel and other Indians, 
f 7:123] 141 




Sept. 9 
Cat Fish 





Collin Andrews ("14 Mills in Leak Eria") to [Sir 
William Johnson], writing at request of Daniel 
Oughnour [a Mohawk], who, in spite of shipwreck, 
will go on with belts to the western nations; mention 
ing action with party of Indians, believed to be Cenices 
[Senecas], and a schooner expected from Detroit. 7:142 

P. Silvester to [Sir William Johnson], inquiring about 
causes for which the late Mr Corry was attorney, and 
asking remittance of 23, is paid to Col. Hoffman for 
William Printrup. 143 

William Hunter, commending Lieut. Frazer of the 78th, 
who wishes to buy land. 146 

John Duncan about goods which will be sent in a bateau, 
and Johnson's difficult task of effecting a general pacifi 
cation. J 44 

13 Duncan & Phyn's invoice of goods bought by Sir 
Schenectady William Johnson ^257, 5s, 8d. 147 

14 John Duncan about goods sent up in a bateau. 148 

16 James McCoard to [Sir William Johnson], pleading 
Albany misfortune and asking indulgence and the favor of 

being near Johnson. 149 

16 Dr Richard Shuckburgh, congratulations that the 
Fort Stanwix home government will pursue a more liberal Indian 
policy, with mention of Maj. Moncrief, Col. Read, 
John Johnson, Col. Campbell, Captains Montresor, 
Hope and Loring and Maj. John Small, who is soon to 
marry Col. P. Schyler's daughter. 150 

[Sir William Johnson] to David Franks, in regard to 
Hall losses of the latter by Indian depredations, promis 
ing any help consistent with the nature of his office 
in obtaining compensation from the Indians. 151 

George Wray, clerk of ordnance stores, informing 
that he is ready to furnish ammunition, as ordered 
by the comptroller, for supplying trusty Indians. 152 

Oliver De Lancey to the Hon'ble Grace Cosby 
(copy), urging that she obtain a discharge of Lord 
Anson's share of the mortgage against the property 
which he has bought of her and agreeing to pay 
the part due to Sir Peter Warren's estate. 
[5:219] [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 2:804; Q, 2:466] 9:183 

Thomas Flood, lamenting misfortune and separation 
from Johnson, and mentioning scarcity of meat 
and fish under the operation of a certain act. 7^53 

John Duncan to [Sir William Johnson] about goods 

sent and articles desired. 154 





New York 


New York 





Sept. 21 Daniel Campbell, mentioning a draft by Capt. Claus 
Sch'y f or fyQQ anc [ a certificate of Lieut. William Leslie 

for 795 livres and 7 sous, which he holds, and ask 
ing payment in two drafts on New York. 16:166 

21 John Visger, asking acceptance of a draft in his 
Schenectady favor drawn by John Cangine [De Couagne]. 7:155 

22 Andrew Watson to [Sir William Johnson], recalling 
New York a campaign in Canada and introducing Lieut. Hugh 

Fraser, who has some proposals to make. Column 

of figures and list of names on back of letter. 156 

22 James McCoard, announcing that he means to move 
Albany t o New Winsor, near Capt. Jackson, but will be sub 
ject to Johnson's pleasure. 157 

23 H. Van Schaack, informing that he draws on John- 
Albany son f or 4^ IS) 7d to close an account with the estate 

of the late Hitchen Holland. 158 

Sir William Johnson's account with Duncan & Phyn. 160 


24 Dr Pete.r Middleton to [Sir William Johnson], in- 

New York 


troducing Mr Frazier, who comes on business. 
Capt. Daniel Claus about a letter lost and corre 
spondence intrusted to Indians and to Mr Cuyler, 
the real mission of Carunghyachigoa to Canada, 
his answer to that Indian concerning the Delawares 
and Six Nations, causes of Indian hostility, the 
treatment deserved by the Delawares and Shaw- 
anese, loss of sloop on Lake Erie, mutinous dis 
position of British troops on account of reduction 
in pay, discomforts of his own position, and draft 
on Mr Darlington. 

David Van Der Heyden, concerning an order for 
Indian goods which he has filled and the Indians' 
extravagant taste, accommodation furnished an 
Indian who sets out for New York, and the return 
of the Caghnawagas. 

James Stevenson to [Sir William Johnson], giving the 
history of a piece of land that was claimed by Mr 
Brown, said to be deceased, and consenting to aid in 
defense of William Peese threatened with ejectment. 

John Macomb about an account sent and an order 
for oil to be filled, and Mrs Brant's complaint re 
garding a stove. 

25 John Duncan, discussing order for blankets, shirts 
Schenectady an d brick. 

Oath required of persons qualifying as commis 
sioners : disavowing the doctrine of transubstan- 
tiation and condemning the invocation or adoration 
of the Virgin Mary or any other saint. 













Oath of allegiance to King George 3; abjuring the 
doctrine that excommunicated princes " may be 
Deposed or Murthered by their Subjects"; and de 
nying the claim of the Pretender. 7:169 
Sept. 25 Sir William Johnson to the Lords of Trade : reports 
Fort Johnson conferences with Five Nations at the German 
Flatts and Fort Johnson, with Indians from the 
Susquehanna and with Caghnawagas at Fort John 
son, vindicates the ability and high spirit of the red 
men, and advises encouragement of those that are 
hearty in the English cause together with a policy 
of conciliation toward the hostile; also touches the 
wrongs of the Mohawks by the Kayaderosseras, 
Livingston and other grants; and adds in postscript 
the news of the disaster to the escort and reinforce 
ment at the Niagara carrying place [ambuscade of 
the Devil's Hole], with the loss of Lieutenants 
Campble, Frazer and Rosco of the Regulars, Capt. 
Johnson and Lieut. Deyton of the Provincials, 
and 60 privates. [Doc. rcl. to Col. Hist. N. Y. 7:559- 
62] 170 
27 George Croghan to Gen. Amherst, explaining some 
New York transactions, repelling an implied reflection, and re 
signing his post in the Indian service. 171 
Oct. I Maj. Alexander Duncan, repeating intelligence re- 
Fort Ontario ceived from Maj. Moncrieff, that an expedition will 
set out in bateaux on the 5th or 6th for Detroit, re 
porting a repulse of the savages in an attack on the 
schooner going up the Detroit river, and informing 
that he has stopped several traders with Indian 
goods, ammunition and passes from Gen. Gage on 
their way to Detroit. 172 

1 Capt. Daniel Claus, sending, by Maj. Abercrombie, an 
Montreal account of a conference with Missisageys living about 

Toronto, who came to ask that La Forge, the 
Swegachie's interpreter, might be allowed to trade with 
their village. 173 

2 Robert Adems, asking agreement to an arrangement 
Philadelphia which he seeks to make with creditors. 174 

2 James Phyn, transmitting the account of Duncan & Phyn 
Schenectady f or shirts, sent in a bateau with bricks. 175 

3 William Darlington to [Sir William Johnson], apologiz- 
New York i ng f or delay in sending an account now inclosed , 

mentioning his payment of a draft drawn by Daniel 
Claus and inquiring about servants whom he ob 
tained for Johnson. 176 



Oct. 3 John Welles to [Sir William Johnson], asking patience in 
Montreal regard to the payment of a bond, describing the state 
of business and wishing that Gen. Amherst might ex 
tirpate the Indian brethren, and mentioning Mr Wade's 
intention to leave for the Mohawk country. 7'-i?7 

4 George Croghan to [Sir William Johnson], stating that 
Philadelphia he has engaged a man to make a draft of the colonial 
frontiers, and has taken passage on a ship to sail 
December i, before which he hopes to visit Johnson 
Hall. 178 

4 Witham Marsh, relating an incident in his lawsuit, repeat- 
Albany m g Col. Bradstreet's criticisms on the conduct of the 
war, and announcing a trip to New York with sub 
poenas. 179 

6 John Glen Jun'r, concerning the desire of Mr Duncan's 
Schonectady son to 5 e a lieutenant in the troop and the difficulty, 

the appointment of officers being already settled. 180 

7 Robert Rogers, saying that he leaves it to Maj. Gladwin 
Detroit to report affairs at the post, but will send private in 
formation promised by Aaron and two other Mohawks. 181(1) 

7 Robert Rogers, giving information imparted by Aaron the 
Detroit Mohawk: namely that the Five Nations, particularly 

the Senecas and Cahugees, are charged with inciting 
the western nations to war, that the Hurons declare 
themselves to have been coerced into hostility by the 
Taways, and the Indians are resolved to attack the 
forces from Niagara at the Point a Plee. On the back 
is a memorandum of articles ordered of John Glen 
May 29, 1764. 181(2) 

8 Lieut. Gov. Cadwallader Golden, regarding a claim of 
Spring Hill Henderick Wamash, that people at Fish Kill and 

Poughkipsy owe the Indians for land; saying that Gov. 
Burnet disposed of this claim 40 years before, but he 
will examine it, if Johnson so advises. 182 

10 Jacob Toob's receipt to Alexander McKee for 7, gs, 8d. 10:153 
Fort Pitt 

10 William Darlington about various orders, the effect of 
New York ' the late act " on the oyster trade, two hounds from 

Francis Wade of Philadelphia, and the unsatisfactory 
tailor "purchased" of Mr Cunningham. 7^83 

TT Francis Bassett's bill against Mr Darenton [Darlington] 
New York f or several articles. 184 

11 Sidney Breese's bill against William Darlington for one 

pair of sconces, 31, and one pair of blankets, i, 2s. 185 
ii Perry Hayes & Sherbrooke's bill against William Dar- 

New York lington for carpets. 186 

ii George Ball's bill against Mr Darlington for glasses, 

New York decanters etc. 187 


New York 



Oct. ii William Darlington to [Sir William Johnson], sending 
New York his account for articles and silver specie shipped with 
Garret Marselis to the care of Dr Stringer, and in 
forming that the letter for the Lords of Trade will go 
on the Duke of Cumberland packet. 
Thomas Brookman, a cabinetmaker, about eight cases of 
furniture put on board of Capt. Marsealus's boat for 

Michael Byrne, asking a letter to Mr Lake [Robert 
Oneida Lake Leake] in behalf of his retention in the commissary 

12 William Ustick's bill against William Darlington for 
New York andirons. 

13 [Sir William Johnson] to Col. Eyre, discussing the possi- 
Johnson Hall bilities of an Indian descent on the settlements and 

mentioning the disaster at Niagara. [7:170] 
13 Col. William Eyre, speaking of the journey he is making 

Fort Johnson to Niagara in order to provide for the security of the 

posts, and the dangers of such an excursion. 
13 [Sir William Johnson] to Lieut. Gov. Colden, acquainting 

Johnson Hall hi m with the intelligence that a body of Ohio River 
and Seneca Indians are assembled at Susquehanna 
with the purpose of attacking Shamokin, Esopus or the 
Mohawk river settlements beyond Schenectady, asking 
attention to the impending danger, as also to the 
vacancies in his regiment, and commenting on the 
position of the Indian allies. 

15 Michael Furey, relating a visit to Philadelphia, asking 
New York a letter to Col. John Hackett which may enlist his in 
fluence with a gentleman in London, mentioning Gen. 
Amherst's kindness in the matter of a passage to Eng 
land, and the delay in his suit against one Wilson and 
others for outrageous treatment. [6 1237] 

16 Maj. Gen. Jeffery Amherst's warrant to Abraham Mortier 
New York directing payment of ^997, 35, 6d sterling to Sir Wil 
liam Johnson; abstract annexed. 

17 De Couagne, informing of Indian annoyances to pro- 
Niagara vision trains and the stealing of cattle. 

18 William Gilliland, acknowledging hospitality, discussing 
New York prospects of settlement on the shores of Lake Cham- 
plain, and introducing Mr Crump from Cork. 

[18?] Michael Furey, recommending Mr Crump, lately from 

New York Ireland. 

18 Eliphalet Dyer to Jed'h Elderkin, Sam'll Gray and 

London other members of the Susquehanna committee, on 

measures for the benefit of the Susquehanna company 
and on the source of the Indians' hostility to the pro 
posed settlement. 












Oct. 19 Lieut. Col. David Van Der Heyden, communicating a 
Albany rumor that about 60 families along the Delaware have 

been destroyed, and the report, conveyed by Capt. 
Stephen Schuyler's negro, of a threat made by one of 
the Indians who went with Samuel Pruyn to New 
York. 7:198 

19 John Glen Jun'r, asking permission to raise a company 
Schonectady o f light horse. 199 

20 William Weyman to the Rev. Dr Barclay, sending a 
[New York] proof for revision and pointing out difficulties in the 

printing of a prayer book in an Indian language. 
[Doc. Hist. N. Y. 4 :334~35 ; Q, 4 :2I3~I4] 200 

20 Thomas Harris, giving account of an interview with Gen. 
N York Amherst touching Indian affairs, and offering to sup 

ply, from London, goods required for a present to the 
Indians. 203 

22 De Couagne, repeating the general opinion of the charac- 
Niagara ter of Daniel, and that of Aron [Mohawks], mentioning 

Maj. Wilkins's excursion and craving advice as to a 
trip among the Wapagamats in quest of intelligence. 204 

24 Witham Marsh, imparting details of his lawsuit and men- 
New \ork tioning the execrations and complaints leveled at "the 

actions of a certain Person" [Gen. Amherst?]. 205 

24 P. Silvester about an ejectment suit brought by the late 
Albany va Van Driesen against [William] Pease and other 

causes. 6:133 

25 ja. Stevenson to [Sir William Johnson], mentioning a bill 
Albany drawn by Captain Clause, inclosing letters from the late 

Mr Alexander and describing the boundary of a patent. 7 ; 2o6 

26 Cornelius Glen, asking that two vouchers may be signed 
Schenectady an d returned. 202 

26 John D^ Peycter, inclosing a small account. 207 


Capt. Soverinus Deyger's list of officers and men who did 
not turn out when his company was ordered to the 
German Flatts. [7:106, July 24] 208 

28 Sir William Johnson to sergeants William Laux and 
Johnson Hall John Sootes, an order to levy on the goods of Lieut. 
Wilhelmus Dillenback, or in default of property to im 
prison him in the Albany jail to recover a fine of 300 
for avoidance of military service. [7:208] 209 

Maj. Gen. Jeffery Amherst's warrant to Abraham Mortier 
for paying 2064, id sterling to Sir William Johnson; 
account annexed. 26:20 

H. Van Schaack to [Sir William Johnson], sending re 
ports that the Earl of Egremont was dead, the Empress 
of Russia dethroned, and Mr Pitt again in the ministry, 
also alluding to a melancholy occurrence at Esopus. 7:210 


New York 




Oct. 31 Witham Marsh, describing a delay in the progress of his 

New York suit, hinting that " a certain person " [Gen. AmherstJ 

no longer has authority in Indian affairs and will soon 

go home, repeating public criticism on the conduct 

of military affairs and introducing Wilkes's North 

Briton, matters of business, political gossip, etc. 7:211 

31 John Meanner's receipt to Alexander McKee for 40, 

Fort Pitt? 3 S) ^(J Pennsylvania currency (equal to 25 sterling), 

pay for six months' service as interpreter. 212 

31 John Meaner's receipt to Alexander McKee for pay as 
Fort Pitt interpreter. [Duplicate of 212] 232 

31 Alexander McKee's receipt to Sir William' Johnson for 

six months' pay. 9:125 

31 Alexander McKee's receipt to George Croghan for pay as 
[Fort Pitt] assistant deputy agent. 10:164 

Nov. I William Edgar [to ?], touching the effect on the hostile 
Detroit tribes of the news of the peace between England and 

France. 7 1213 

i Letter from a gentleman in Montreal to a friend in New 
Montreal York, complaining of England's neglect of her con 
quered territory, impositions practised by the French 
on English residents, corruption of English administra 
tion, the smallness of the garrisons, and discussing ad 
vantages England might gather from the establishment 
of justice, and peace and open trade with the Indians. 
[Inclosed in 8:180] 24:185 

3 [Sir William Johnson! to Justices Frank and Harkemer, 
instructions to apprehend any Chenussio Indians who 
may come to the German Flatts. 7:214 

3 Volckert P. Douw, asking directions for his course in 
Albany regard to three Jennesie Indians who have come with 

beaver skins. 215 

3 Sir William Johnson (by Capt. and Adj. G. Johnson) to 
Johnson Hall Col. Van Slyke, orders for a guard to be mounted in 

Schenectady. 216 

4 Anne De Visme, congratulations on the return of 
New York Ind : an affairs to their old channel and an offer to 

supply goods for Indian trade. 217 

4 [Sir William Johnson] to Lieut. Gov. Golden : mentions 
Johnson Hall the application from Hendrick Wamash [7:182], the 
case of Margery West, formerly a captive among the 
Indian?, and three Chenussio Indians who have come 
to Albany; proposes the raising of a troop of light 
horse, and indicates legislation required for the dis 
cipline and training of the militia ; and speaks of a late 
meeting with Gen. Amherst at Albany, and of measures 
for the protection of the frontier. 219 

Oath of a privy councilor, pledging fidelity, secrecy, 

honestv and diligence. . 221 



Nov. 5 Capt. Gavin Cochrane to [Sir William Johnson], com- 
Fort Johnson mending the behavior of Capt. Daniel and Jacob, Mo 
hawks, reporting an engagement in which they took 
part, and repeating an account of an action, October 
20, near the Niagara rapids between Maj. Wilkins's de 
tachment and the savages, and a story of losses suffered 
by Oneydas in the Cherokee country. 7 '.222 

5 Volckert P. Douw, informing that he sends three 
Albany Chenussos [Genesee Senecas] under guard, and send 
ing news, brought by Capt. Wilhilmus Van Antwerpen, 
of the arrival at New York of a man-of-war on which 

Gen. Amherst will go home. 224 

6 John Duncan to [Sir William Johnson] about Indian 
Schenectady interference, at the instigation of Klock, with a land 

survey, a fusee and pistols sent, and a draft inclosed. 
[7:226, August 24] 225 

7 William Darlington, with regard to letters to be for- 

New York warded and articles to be procured for Johnson. 227 

8 John Welles, apprising of the disappearance of Capt. 
Montreal Lottridge and expressing a sense of the public loss, 

and censuring Gen. Amherst for the present posture 
of Indian affairs. 229 

10 Capt. Garret Langson [Gerret A. Lansing], of the 2d bat- 
Schenectady talion, declaring his unwillingness to charge himself 
with the execution of orders intended for his superiors, 
who are absent. 231 

10 Adam Terrence and Barnabas Cowners receipt to 
Harris's Alexander McKee for pay as gunsmiths at Fort Pitt. 233 


10 Minutes of Sir William Johnson on the protection of the 

frontiers and the true course toward the Indians and 

the French. 24:188 

11 Capt Gerret A. Lansing, reporting on the condition of the 
Schonectady fort, blockhouses and stockades of the town. 7 :234 

ii De Couagne, sending intelligence of a disaster which befell 
Niagara a woodcutting party that went out from the Lower 

Landing, and mentioning the presence of Silver Heels's 
two sisters. 235 

11 Gerrit Merselis's receipt for cases containing chairs 
New York shipped with him for Sir William Johnson. [Inclosed 

in 8:36, December 8] 8:38 

12 Gerrit Merselis's receipt for pork, oysters, feathers, 
New York spades etc., shipped with him by William Darlington 

for Sir William Johnson. [Inclosed in 8:36, Decem 
ber 8] 37 



Nov. 12 Lieut. Col. David Van Der Heyden, suggesting a division 

Albany o f Capt. Dubois's company, to the south of the Catskill, 

and recommending John Jacob Ten Broeck, Dirk Van 

Dyck, Wessel Ten Broeck and Peter Becker for 

officers. 7 :2 3^ 

P. Silvester, proposing to obtain a stay of execution in 
behalf of Peese, the tenant, and inclosing a receipt for 
the debt and costs in the case of Hofman against 
Printrup\ 237 

Col. John Bradstreet, asking that the carpenters who are 
to build the boats for " the intended enterprise " may be 
excused from going up the Mohawk. 238 

William Darlington about a draft brought by Achilles 
Preston, a steward wanted by Johnson, and sundry 
matters of business ; inclosing an account. 239 

Dr Richard Shuckburgh, sending thanks for a favor and 
Fort Stanwix explaining that he is deterred by the state of the high 
ways as well as the demands of the sick and the hurt 
from making a visit. .240 

Anne De Visme inquiring whether Johnson has in his 
hands any money of Farrell Wade's ; also copy of 
7:217 dated the 7th instead of the 4th. 228 

Capt. A. C. Cuyler, asking that Jacob Cuyler may be a 
lieutenant of the grenadiers, agreeable to an ar 
rangement between the writer and Col. Van der 
Heyden. 241 

Cornelis Cuyler, thanking Johnson for a commission given 
to his son Abraham, and asking a captain's or a 
lieutenant's commission in the Schonechtady company 
for his nephew, John Cuyler jr. 242 

John Glen Jun'r, asking information as to proper clothing, 
arms and accouterment, as nearly 40 young men, about 
to enlist in the troop, wish to supply themselves at their 
own expense. 243 

17 Francis Wade about a box directed to his care, hounds 
Philadelphia sent to Johnson Hall, servants desired there and per 
sons who would like to settle on Johnson's lands. 244 
17 [Sir William Johnson] to Col. John Bradstreet, consent 
ing to excuse from militia service persons employed in 
building bateaux. On back descriptions of uniforms for 
troops and grenadiers. 245 
17 John Duncan to [Sir William Johnson], inclosing a 
Schenectady memorandum with regard to the formation of grena 
dier companies. 246 

Capt. John Duncan's memorandum [inclosed in 7:246] 
of suggestions for establishing grenadier companies; 
recommending Richard Duncan and Samuel Tymes for 
appointment as lieutenants. 247 



New York 


New York 







Nov. 18 Sir William Johnson to the Lords of Trade: calls atten- 
Fort Johnson tion to the opinions on Indian affairs conveyed in his 
report of August 20, 1762 [24:135], also adverting to 
later reports [7:96, 170]; describes the territory once 
held by the Five Nations, the depression of English 
influence with the savages at the time when his superin- 
tendency began, and also in 1754, the imprudence of the 
colonies and the wisdom of the French; represents 
the efforts he made to commend a liberal Indian policy 
to Gen. Amherst; charges French influence in the 
present troubles, and shows how the French will profit 
by their continuance ; urges attention to the grievances 
of the Six Nations; gives the history of the Kayade- 
rosses, or Queensboro' patent, and, briefly of one at 
Mohock Flatts claimed by the corporation of Albany ; 
shows the necessity of purchasing the Indians' consent 
to the maintenance of army posts in their country, and 
the advisability of employing them in the ensuing cam 
paign; advocates the establishment of a strict boundary 
line between settlers and Indians ; submits a plan for 
the government of his three departments the Ohio, 
Canada and the Six Nations; shows the need of in^ 
terpreters and disinterested resident missionaries; and 
advises a policy marked by liberality and military vigor. 
Woe. rel to Col. Hist. N. Y. 7:572-81] 7:248 

18 A memorandum by Sir William Johnson on the Indians 
Johnson Hail comprehended by the Six Nations and Ottawa Confed 
eracy, comprising their names, situation and fighting 
strength. [Compare Doc. rcl. to Col. Hist. N. Y. 
7:582-84; Doc. Hist. N. Y. 1:26-30; Q, 1:24-26] 24:186 

19 Edward Cole to Henry Vanschaack on trade conditions 
Detroit an d prospects; with an order for goods. 187 

19 [Sir William Johnson] to John Pownal [London] : 
Johnson Hall recalls a letter in which he maintained his right to a 
tract given by the Mohocks [5:19; 7:37], and renews 
the argument; mentions the report to the Lords of 
Trade [7:248], which, with this letter, is carried by 
Mr Croghan ; and gives a summary of his views 
touching the present situation and the true policy. 7:249 

19 H. Van Schaack, saying that he has paid John Moffat and 
Albany Joseph Irwin and incloses receipts. 250 

19 [Sir William Johnson] to the Rt Hon'ble the Earl of 
Johnson Hall Halifax : commends the bearer, Mr Croghan, as one 
acquainted with Indian affairs; upholds the plan and 
policy submitted to the Lords of Trade [7 :248] ; and 
solicits his lordship's support of both. 251 

19 John Dupcan, asking advice in regard to becoming a 
Schenectady candidate for a seat in the Assembly. 252 



Nov. . 20 Ab'm Mortier, acknowledging the receipt of a warrant 
New Yor* f or 2064, id, and protesting that he has always en 
deavored to oblige Sir William in the manner of 
paying warrants. 7:253 

[Sir William Johnson] to Mons. Fleurimant about 
conflicting engagements of le sieur Perthuis, the 
interpreter. [In French] 255 

21 Col. John Bradstreet about carpenters engaged in 
Schenactady his Majesty's work and about repairing bridges at 

Fort Stanwix. 256 

22 Capt. John Glen Jun'r, inquiring about the appoint- 
Schonectady ment of officers and the obtaining of uniform and 

equipment for a troop of light horse. 257 

24 George Croghan to [Sir William Johnson], mention- 
Albany mg Gen. Amherst's recent departure, the expected 

arrival of Gen. Monckton in New York and Gen. 
Gage's meditated return to England, a visit with 
Capt. Campble and Capt. Duncon and Duncon's 
disposition toward the Dutch, Campble's desire to 
be a major, Col. Bradstreet's coming expedition, a 
rumor of disaster to 100 men between Bedford and 
Fort Pitt and a draft on York given by Mr A. 
Doue [Abram DouwL 258 

26 Michael Furey, of the progress of his suit against Willson, 
New York the kindness of James Rivington, stationer, a disap 
pointment touching assurances given by Mr Darlington, 
and his intention to sail on board the Grace, Capt. 
Chambers, bound for Bristol. 8:1 

26 John Duncan's account, amounting to 1067, 125, 6d, 

against Sir William Johnson. 2 

26 Duncan & Phyn's bill for sundries bought by Sir William 
Schenectady Johnson 293, 175, 7d. 3 

26 [Sir William Johnson] to Mrs De Visme, replying that 
Johnson Hall hi s J a t e instructions from England do not relate to dis 
bursements for the Indian service, intimating that fu 
ture purchases for that service will probably be made 
in England and saying that no money due to [Ferrall] 
Wade is in his hands. 4 

27 Wilb'am Darlington on letters forwarded to John John- 
New York son a nd Warren Johnson by the brig Polly, Chris 
topher Winn master, business matters, and Mr Martin, 
regarding whom he asks an opinion, as Mr Martin 
is a suitor for the hand of a young lady much esteemed 

by the writer. 5 

27 Dr Samuel Stringer about a servant sent to him for 
Albany treatment, a letter, goods in his care and a draft on 

Abram Douw. 6 



Nov. 27 Cornelius Glen about an order for provisions, which he 
Schenectady w iH senc l i n two bateaux to D. Fonda. 8:7 

27 H. Van Schaack, saying that Gen. Amherst, accompanied 
Albany by Col. Amherst, Maj. Abercrombie, Maj. Skeene and 

Mr Mair, has gone to England on the sloop-of-war 
Wesel, speculating on the succession to the command 
and asking payment for money lent and orders paid. 8 

27 Sir William Johnson's orders for the garrison at Johnson 
Johnson Hall Hall. 9 

27 De Couagne on the return of the expedition that set out 
Niagara for Detroit [under Maj. Wilkins] and the loss of 100 

men on Lake Erie, Maj. Browning's orders against 
firing on small parties of Indians passing the fort, the 
power of Voiseagamigate, and some wampum taken 
by Wilkins on his expedition. 10 

28 John Duncan to [Sir William Johnson] about Gen. Am- 
Schenectady herst's sailing for home, persons recommended for of 
ficers in the grenadiers or the troop, Klock's roguery 

and Capt. Rutherfurd's gratitude for good offices. 11 

29 Lieut. T. Francis to [Sir William Johnson], returning 
Albany thanks for favorable words to Mr Kelly of New York, 

mentioning resignations from his regiment and indicat 
ing a desire for employment under Johnson. 12 

29 Dr Samuel Stringer, prescribing for patients, and men- 
Albany tioning a draft on Abram Douw left by George 

Croghan, and other business. 67 

30 John Welles, speaking of the loss of Capt. Lotteridge, 
Montreal supposed to be drowned, and the sale of his effects by 

order of the town major, discussing a way of settling 
Lotteridge's affairs, offering at low terms a cargo of 
Indian goods at Niagara, of which a list is inclosed, 
and mentioning persecutions inflicted by the French 
on English residents. 13 

[Sir William Johnson] to Thomas Pownall [England], 

Johnson Hall bespeaking favor to Mr Croghan in his efforts to 
obtain compensation for losses incurred in the service 
and a patent for lands bought in 1749, explaining the 
rupture with the Indians and advocating liberal treat 
ment of tribes still friendly. 7 :2i8 
Sir Jeffery Amherst to Maj. Gen. Gage (extract), a 
memorandum touching fiscal affairs in Sir William 
Johnson's department, particularly deputy Croghan's 
division. 220 
Dec. i Aaron [the Mohawk], sending intelligence of a council 

Fort Pitt of Shany and Delawar Indians, which he attended and 
at which he was told that the Senecas began the war; 
also informing that he has been robbed of arms and 
" 4cco of Wampum " by the Delawars, Shanees and the 
Five Nations. 8:14 



Dec. i Sir William Johnson to Alexander McKee, assistant 
Johnson Hall deputy, instructions for cultivating the good will of 
the Indian nations and preventing mischief by those 
that are still hostile. 24:189 

2 John Glen Jun'r, mentioning that John Cuyler Jun'r has 
Schonectady refused the first lieutenancy in the troop and recom 
mending Jacob Schermerhorn, Henry Glen, John Visger 
Jun'r and Jacobus Teller for first and second lieutenant, 
cornet and quartermaster. 8:15 

2 Capt. Daniel Campbell, asking Sir William's acceptance of 
Schenectady a fine beaver coat and craving the appointment of Cor 
nelius Glen as a lieutenant in the troop of which the 
young patroon [Stephen Van Rensselaer] is captain. 16 

3 William Darlington to [Sir William Johnson], advising 
New York that he sends to the care of Dr Stringer [at Albany] 

a negro received from Francis Wade, of Philadelphia, 
and two barrels of codfish and acquainting Capt. John 
Johnson that his ticket has drawn 20. 17 

3 Joseph Conkling's receipt for a negro named Nick and 
New York two barrels of fish received of William Darlington, to 

be delivered at Albany. 18 

4 John Macomb about bedsteads at last completed and sent 
Albany to Mr Van Eps, to be sent up by him. 19 

A list of articles, including bedsteads. 33 

4 Capt. Daniel Campbell, begging acceptance of a beaver 
Schonectady CO at, brought to Sir William by Mr Glen, and express 
ing sorrow for the death of Capt. Lottridge. 20 

4 H. Van Schaack to [Sir William Johnson], asking the 
Albany temporary loan of 150, as no money is to be had for 

orders on New York. 21 

5 De Couagne to [Sir William Johnson], announcing the 
Niagara return of Maj. Roger from Detroit with the Mohacs 

Daniel and Jacob, the mission of Ouaxacamigatte, the 
Mississague, the poor success of scalping parties, and 
mentioning Silverel [Silverheels], the Seneca. [In 
French] 22 

5 Witham Marsh about his illness, his suit, troubles of 

New York Johnson's position, the general satisfaction at Sir Jef- 
fery's going, Gen. Gage, the completion of Johnson Hall, 
a coming parliamentary inquiry into the expenses of a 
certain office, the action of the Assembly for public 
defense, and the negro sent by Mr Frank Wade. 23 

5 [Sir William Johnson] to Maj. Gen. Gage, explaining why 

Johnson Hal! ne gives passes to Indian parties to go south, giving the 
account, furnished by the Tuscaroras, of two skirmishes 
on the Virginia border, stating that the Five Nations 
seem to have relinquished their intent : on to send depu 
ties to England, that he encourages the friendly pro 
fessions and offers of the Tuscaroras, and asking ap 
proval of such expenses as the maintenance of good 
relations with the tribes not yet hostile will involve. 24 



Dec. 5 Same to Lieut. Gov. Golden, mentioning a list of persons 
Johnson Hall suitable for appointment as officers in his regiment, 
suggesting a law for the improvement of the local 
militia, particularly in discipline, asking an opinion for 
the guidance of justices of the peace in relation to the 
"5 act," mentioning his efforts to retain the friend 
ship of the Five Nations, of which about 120 members 
are now with him, and asking attention to the needs 
of the two troops of light horse and two companies of 
grenadiers. 8 125 

Return of officers appointed for the troop and com 
panies of grenadiers. [Most of the names can 
celed] 7:165 
5 Francis Wade, informing of the purchase of a " Negro- 
Philadelphia ^rnan " for Johnson, and of his inability to learn any 
thing about Captain Brown, and mentioning the birth 
of a son and heir. 8:26 

5 Mary Stevens, asking acceptance of a picture " drawn for 
Schonectady Sir Isaac Newton." 27 

6 John Macomb, confirming the report of Capt. Lotteridge's 
Albany drowning, mentioning the departure of Gen. Amherst 

November 18 and the loss of the August packet on the 
Virginey coast, and saying that he would rather raise 
a volunteer company than to be captain of a company 
near Claverack. 28 

6 John Hansen, on board the brig Polly, promising to send 
Sandy Hook information about English politics and to represent 

Johnson's services in a true light in London, and ex 
pressing a hope to eat his New Year's dinner in Bristol. 29 

7 James Rivington about a delay in sending English maga- 
New York zines, a few literary productions now sent, popular dis 
satisfaction in England with maladministration, and the 
prospects of Mr Pitt's recovery of power. 30 

7 Lieut. Gov. Cadwallader Golden, sending blank warrants 
New York and commissions for officers to command two companies 
for the defense of Scohary and Cherry Valy, with direc 
tions regarding muster rolls and the protection of those 
places, and referring to Johnson a complaint by the 
people of Canejohary against their captain. 31 

7 Tim O'Connor, asking a line or two to the Governor in 
Albany support of his proposal to raise a company for the pro 

tection of the frontier. 32 

7 Proceedings of a meeting of traders at the Indian Queen 
Philadelphia tavern, authorizing George Croghan and Moses Franks 
to lay before the Lords of Trade, or the King in 
Council, a statement of the traders' losses by Indian 
depredations, and soliciting the aid of Thomas and 
Richard Penn, the Proprietors of Pennsylvania, Gen 
erals Amherst, Monckton and Gage and the Earl of 
Halifax to obtain relief. 24:190 



Dec. 8 Capt. John Duncan to [Sir William Johnson], mentioning 

Corrysbush a roa( l to Schohary which he is running, discussing a 

misunderstanding with Capt. Glen about an appointment 

of [Richard Duncan] to a lieutenancy and expressing 

his sense of the honor of serving under Sir William 

and his satisfaction with any appointments which the 

latter may make. 8 134 

8 Capt. John Glen Jun'r, explaining his difference with Mr 

Schonectady Duncan [8 134] over appointing Duncan's son to be an 

officer in the troop, and reminding that he awaits 

Johnson's consent before ordering accouterments for 

the troop in London. 35 

8 Dr Samuel Stringer about medicines which Mr Van Eps 
Albany } ias forgotten to forward, a draft which Mr Douw has 

not paid, a servant sent back to Mr Darlington, and a 
man suffering from an overdose of medicine. [Inclos 
ing 8:37, November 12; 8:38, November n; 8:39, 
May 25] 36 

9 Michael Byrne, eastward of Oneida lake, declaring his 

thankfulness for many marks of bounty and a hope 

to merit continued approbation. 40 

10 John Stuart about efforts to enlist the cooperation of the 
Charles Town Qierokees against northern Indians and the readiness of 

the provincial Independent companies for such service, 
the jealousy felt by the Creeks on account of the cession 
of Louisiana and Florida to the English, his intention 
to sound the Chactaws, the friendly disposition but 
military weakness of the Chickasaws and Catawbas, 
the character of the late conference with Indian nations, 
the numbers and condition of the North Carolina 
Tuscaroras, who wish to emigrate to the north, the re 
quirements of the Lords of Trade as to regular reports, 
and the desirability of cooperation between the northern 
and the southern department to perfect a plan of free 
and well regulated trade with the Indians. 41 

11 Witham Marsh about his gout, the papering of Sir Wil- 
New York Ham's rooms, an insinuation by Johnson's enemies that 

his patent of Kingsborough included 12,000 acres of the 
Kyaderossara grant, Capt. Gage and double pay and 
Capt. Croghan's habit of early rising. A2 

12 H. Van Schaack to [Sir William Johnson], informing 
Albany that he has credited Johnson with 461, 8s, 9d, apologiz 
ing for delay in paying a draft on Abram Douw, drawn 
by William Bayard in favor of Col. Croghan, mention 
ing scarcity of money for bills on New York and a 
royal proclamation which secures the Indians in the 
possession of their hunting grounds and reserves for 
them all lands not within the new governments of 




Quebec and East and West Florida or the grant of the 
Hudson's Bay company, also " all the Lands lying to 
the Westward of the Sources of the Rivers which fall 
into the Sea from West & Northwest." 8:43 

Dec. 12 William Darlington about an account inclosed, commod- 

New York fries ordered, delay in forwarding from Albany, a 
draft for ;iooo received from Johnson for collection, 
Mr Brown's engagement by Beverly Robinson to keep 
a school, and the tailor who was "bought" of Mr 
Cunningham. 44 

12 Ferrall Wade, seeking payment of Capt. Montour's draft 

Philadelphia O n Johnson for 38 and inclosing Matthew Wade's draft 

for money due from Capt. Clause. 45 

12 Sir William Johnson's account with William Darlington. 46 

New York 

12 Account of the same with the same (continued). 47 

New York 

12 David Franks and other merchants [24:190, Dec. 7] to 
Philadelphia Moses Franks and George Croghan, instructions for 
pressing the claims of the merchants to compensation 
by the Crown or Parliament for loss by Indian depre 
dations; and an agreement to pay each of these agents 
5% on all neat [net] sums recovered. 24:191 

12 Baynton & Wharton and other merchants to the Lords 
Philadelphia o f Trade and Plantations, a memorial touching the out 
rage and spoliation committed by the Indians on the 
traders and the claim of the latter to indemnity. 192 

14 Thomas Mcllworth, mentioning an injury by which he is 
Schenectady i a id U p ? an( j asking permission to name a son William 

Johnson. 8 :49 

15 George Croghan to [Sir William Johnson], on Mr Mc- 
Philadeiphia Kee's character, accounts and journal of transactions 

at Fort Pitt, Andrew Montour's distressing circum 
stances and his integrity and faithfulness, the mission 
intrusted to Moses Franks and himself by Philadelphia 
and New York merchants [24:190, 191], a proclamation 
mentioned by the Lords of Trade [8:43], the reported 
murder of Gunestoga Indians by the people of Lan 
caster and some favorable news from Detroit. 50 

15 William Darlington, informing that he transmits by Jacob 
New York H. Ten Eyck, one of the Albany Assemblymen, 1000 

received of Abraham Mortier. 51 

16 John Duncan to [Sir William Johnson], regretting a de- 
Schenectady lay by reason of snows making the river impassable, and 

promising to impart some news of the western nations. 52 

16 Thomas McKee, informing that his son will wait on 
Philadelphia Johnson for instructions, and that the Indians there 
have sent messages to those near Wieloosing to come 
in. 53 



18 George Croghan, offering a stock of Indian goods which 
Philadelphia he has taken of Beyanton & Wharton in exchange for 

border land. 8:54 

19 Duncan & Phyn's bill against Sir William Johnson. 55 


20 James Phyn to John Duncan, describing the difficulty 
Schenectady o f obtaining transportation for goods, most of the 

sledges in town being pressed to carry officers to 
Albany, explaining the high price of linen and reciting 
some misfortunes of Thomas the Indian through 
drunkenness. 56 

22 [Sir William Johnson] to [Thomas] Mcllworth, consent- 
Johnson Hall ing to the bestowment of the name William John 
son on Mcllworth's young son [8:49] and acknowl 
edging the compliment. 57 

23 [Sir William Johnson] to Maj. Gen. Gage, suggesting that 

the royal proclamation L8 143] needs to be supplemented 
with more definite provisions for the redress of Indian 
wrongs, mentioning a conference with 230 Indians and 
the desire of the Five Nations that the Senecas shall 
be pardoned and the Six Nations be employed to crush 
the Shawanese and Delawares, who, with the Ottawas 
under Pondiac, are represented as the principals in the 
war, declaring that the Delawares who still live on the 
Susquehanna, particularly toward Owegy, are friendly, 
vindicating the Mohocks against an ignorant charge in 
a New York newspaper, characterizing the Assembly's 
measures for the defense of Schohare and Cherry 
Valley and reporting an expected visit from the Chipe- 
weigh chief, Wabbicommicot. 58 

23 John Brown, stating that an engagement with Bev. Robin- 
Federick- sonj o f N ew York, to teach a school precludes a like 

burgh engagement with Sir William, but intimating that he 

Dutches w jn as k advice of Elias Desbroses, of New York, in 
Co. the matter of asking a release of Mr Robinson. 59 

24 Matthew Wade, inclosing Capt Clause's account, pro- 
Philadelphia testing against a measure taken by Johnson to secure 

himself as bondsman for Welles & Wade to Mr Sanders 
of Albany and asking indulgence till his return. 60 

24 [Sir William Johnson] to Lieut. Gov. Colden: acknowl- 
Johnson Hall edges the receipt of warrants and commissions for 
officers of the companies which he is raising, expressing 
regret that their pay. is so small; mentions the con 
ference with 230 Indians and the desire of the friendly 
nations touching the hostile Senecas; mentions the re 
ceipt of the royal proclamation [8:43] and the com 
mendation of King, ministry and Lords of Trade of 
his reports on Indian affairs; contrasts the shortsighted 




Dec. 25 



New York 










course of the English toward the Indians with the 
politic behavior of the French; and shows the charac 
ter of a petition procured by George Klock. 8 :6i 

Samuel Duolop, appealing for the protection of a com 
munity which seems to be left to destruction by the 
heathen. 62 

John Duncan about orders for goods, a misunderstand 
ing between Mr Mortier and Capt. Barnsley, which has 
caused a failure to pay Captains Schlosser's and Ether- 
ington's drafts, and the christening of Sir William's 
namesake. 63 

William Darlington, in regard to the condition and de 
livery of articles sent, the negro sent up on Pember- 
ton's sloop and the tailor, who has run away to escape 
work. 64 

Thomas Shipboy, inquiring about a draft on Johnson 
drawn by De 'Couagne in favor of John Knox ; a copy 
of the draft given, drawn at Niagara October 27. 65 

Jacob H. Ten Eyck, apprising that he has brought from 
Mr Darlington in New York 1000, to be delivered on 
Johnson's written order, and surrendering a military 
warrant intended for his son, because " his mother will 
by no means suffer him to go." 66 

Mrs Eghye Pickerd, refusing to remove from land which 
she says she occupies with the Indians' consent, and de 
claring confidence that Johnson will do her justice. 68 

Rev. Joh : Casp : Lappius, describing his poverty and ill 
ness and asking for brandy and raisins and credit for 
clothing, mentioning the wickedness of Ury Klock, and 
wishing Sir William temporal and eternal blessings. 
[Doc. Hist. N. Y. 4:335-36; Q, 4:214! 69 

Hendrick Frey, describing the mad and evil behavior of 
Abell [John Abeel], who has driven his wife away and 
filled his house with Sinneca Indians; also defiance of 
the sergeants by Tillbag [Martinus Dillenbag jun'r]. 
[8:81] 70 

James Phyn, saying that he has put to Johnson's credit 
the amount of his draft on Mr Mortier, 1067, 12s, 6d, 
and he incloses an invoice of goods ordered. 71 

Jos. Howard and seven other Canada traders to Thomas 
Gage, commander in chief of his Majesty's forces in 
America, a petition that the western nations may be 
asked, when terms of peace are proposed, to indemnify 
the traders for the goods of which they have been 
robbed. 7 2 



Dec. 30 [Sir William Johnson] to Maj. Gen. Gage on the eager- 
Johnson Hall n ess O f the Five Nations to act against the Shawanese 
and Delawares, their value to troops, to the frontier 
and to the preservation of a road to Ontario, also the 
services of Daniel and other Mohocks who were sent 
to Detroit. 8:73 

30 Account of Sir William Johnson with Duncan and Phyn, 
Schenectady II4> y Sf 5( J. 74 

30 [Sir William Johnson] to Lieut. Gov. Golden, giving his 
Johnson Hall opinion that the peace offers of western nations spring 

from an expectation that they will have redress of 
wrongs and be rewarded for tolerating army posts in 
their country, also that those nations can defy subjec 
tion, being supplied with ammunition by the French, 
arguing that it will be unwise to withhold ammunition 
from the Five Nations, or to undertake to punish the 
Chenussios [Genesee Senecas], and showing the diffi 
culty of raising two companies for the frontier because 
of the low pay of the officers and the bounty offered in 
Albany for enlistment in other companies. 75 

31 Lieut. Gov. John Penn, giving information of the murder 
Philadelphia o f peaceable Indians of Conestogo Manor, Lancaster 

county, on the I4th and the 27th by rioters, and asking 
that the Six Nations be informed of these crimes and 
also of the proclamation for the discovery and appre 
hension of the murderers. 24:193 

List of persons named for officers in 1st and 2d 
(Albany and Schenectady) battalions of the militia 
regiment. 6 :gg 

List of militia officers. 100 

William Wormwood's deposition, before Sir William 
Johnson, regarding Collins's dishonest survey. 
[24:123, 152, 176] 24:177 

Affidavit [deponent's name not given] regarding Col 
lins's dishonest survey. [24:123] 194 

Sir William Johnson's category of charges and state 
ments bearing on the dealings of George Klock 
with the Indians, with a list of persons to be sub 
poenaed. 195 

Recommendations for officers of ist and 2d battalions of 
Albany county militia. 7:i35 

Pere Roubaud to [Sir William Johnson] (translation), 
declaring his esteem for Johnson and admiration for 
the English, giving his idea of the true British policy as 
to Canada, and describing papers left by M de Mon- 
calm, including a code of civil law for Canada, of which 
Roubaud has lost a part and now " must supply what 
is wanting." [Written before the peace was known 
in Canada] [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 4^336-39; Q, 4:215-16] 201 






Jan. 4 



New York 





New York 

Memorandum [by Sir William Johnson] of a request by 
the inhabitants of Schachkock for the formation, in 
their district, of a new company with John Permer for 
captain; and of a proposal for the formation of a new 
company, to be commanded by Teunis Corn. Slinger- 
land, by a division of Adam Vroman's company. 
[Erased] 11:183 

De Couagne, reporting his return from the Seneke castles, 
the daily visits of Seneke Indians with beaver and veni 
son and the good behavior of the Senekes and the 
Missasagoes. 8:76 

Valentin Dorn to his " Honourable Excellence," begging 
a license "to keep a small Tavern for Christian and 
sober People and not for any Indians whosoever." [No 
date] 77 

Gov. Ralph Burton's proclamation (copy) requiring all 
gunpowder in private keeping to be conveyed to the 
King's magazine, for the greater safety of residents, 
restricting the sale and the transportation of powder and 
attaching heavy penalties to violations of these orders. 78 

William Darlington, mentioning money sent in care of 
Jacob Henry Ten Eyck, a tierce of ham and tongues, 
the good character of Skipper Garret Marselis, a groom, 
the negro sent on Pemberton's sloop, the tailor who 
ran away, etc. 79 

John R. Hansen, informing the Right Worshipfull Sir 
Wm. Johnson Bart, that, after the resignation of Barent 
Fisher, a warrant to raise a company of volunteers 
had been offered to himself, and accepted, and he had 
already enrolled 40 men ; also that Dirck Van Alen and 
John Hunn had accepted lieutenant's warrants. 80 

Recognizance of Martinus Dillenbag jun'r of Stoneraby, 
before Justice Hendrick Frey, to answer a charge of 
assault and battery committed before the house of Wil- 
helmus Dillenbag on William Laux, a sergeant of mili 
tia. (Copy) [7:209; 8:70] 81 

Sir William Johnson's account with Duncan & Phyn. 82 

John Duncan to [Sir William Johnson], inclosing account 
and wishing Sir William recovery from illness and 
strength to overcome the fatigue of public cares. 83 

William Smith Jr to Witham Marsh, relative to the ex 
penses of a cause intrusted to him by the late Mr 
Corry, acting for Sir William Johnson. 84 



Jan. 12 [Sir William Johnson] to Lieut. Gov. Golden, concerning 
Johnson Hall Indian policy, recent conferences with representatives 
of the Six Nations, acts of undiscriminating vengeance 
on the part of the whites, the two companies raised for 
frontier defense, the need of restrictions on Indian 
trade, a grant of land to which Lieut. Johnson is en 
titled under the King's proclamation, and the illicit 
sale of ammunition to the Senecas. 8:85 

13 Dr Richard Shuckburgh about the Indian department, 
Fort Stanwix his loss of the secretaryship, sickness at Fort Stanwix 

and a coming visit by Col. Campbell to Johnson Hall. 86 

15, 16 Witham Marsh, congratulating Johnson on an enlarge- 
New York ment of authority by royal proclamation and on in 
fluence with the Five Nations, bemoaning his suffer 
ings by the weather and asthma, and speaking of vio 
lent political excitement in England and a riotous jail 
delivery in New York. 87 

15 John Duncan, mentioning a letter from the Governor, 
Schenectady which he forwards, British feeling toward Gen. [Am- 

herst], the Albany sessions and the royal grenadiers. 88 

15 Roba[r]t McKean, to say that he has completed his com- 
Schenectady pany and to ask that he may be quartered at Schorey 

and the lieutenant governor informed that the company 

is ready. 14:18 

16 W. Weyman's bill for printing 50 copies of a royal 

[New York] proclamation, dated December 24, 1763. 8:89 

16 John Stuart [Indian agent] about murders committed by 
Charles Town the Creeks, their plea, and conflicting policies of 

colonial governors. 90 

17 Lieut. Gov. Cadwallader Golden to Andreas Witbeck, 
New York Gentleman : a commission as first lieutenant of the com 
pany in the ist or Albany battalion, of which Peter 
Vosbrough is captain. 91 

17 Same to Jacobus Teller, Gentleman: a commission as 
New York quartermaster of the 2d or Schenectady battalion. 92 

17 Same to Cornelius Van Schaack jun'r, Gentleman: a corn- 
New York mission as first lieutenant of the company in the ist or 

Albany battalion, of which Dirck Hoose is captain. 93 

17 Same to George Klauw, Gentleman: a commission as 
New York second lieutenant of the company in the ist or Albany 

battalion, of which Dirck Hoose is captain. 94 

17 Same to Omia Jacob Le Grange, Gentleman : a commis- 
NewYork s j O n as first lieutenant of the company in the ist or 

Albany battalion, of which Adam Vrooman is captain. 95 

17 Same to John Jacob Le Grange, Gentleman: a commis- 
NewYork s i O n as ensign of the company in the ist or Albany 

battalion, of which Adam Vrooman is captain. 96 



Jan. 17 

New York 

New York 

New York 

New York 

New York 

New York" 

New York 

New York 

New \ ork 

New York 

New York 

New York 

New York 

New York 


Same to Abraham Ten Brook Esq. : a commission as cap 
tain of the company in the 1st or Albany battalion, 
lately commanded by Rykert Van Franken. 8:97 

Same to John Thomson, Gentleman : a commission as 
second lieutenant of the company in the 2d or Schenec 
tady battalion, of which Sufferinus Tyger is captain. 98 

Same to Harmanus Peters, Gentleman : a commission as 
first lieutenant of the company in the 2d or Schenectady 
battalion, of which Daniel Campbell is captain. 99 

Same to John Leaver [Seaver], Gentleman: a commission 
as ensign of the company in the 2d or Schenectady bat 
talion, of which John Welles is captain. 100 

Same to Casper Huyck, Gentleman: a commission as 
second lieutenant of the company in the ist or Albany 
battalion of which John Van Housen [Johannes Van 
Hoesen] is captain. 101 

Same to John Uppam [Upham], Gentleman: a commis 
sion as ensign of the company in the ist or Albany 
battalion, of which John Van Housen is captain. 102 

Same to Abraham Bratt, Gentleman : a commission as 
second lieutenant of the company in the 2d or Schenec 
tady battalion, of which Daniel Campbell is captain. 103 

Same to James Spencer, Gentleman : a commission as 
ensign of the company in the ist or Albany battalion, 
of which Johannes Hogeboom is captain. 104 

Same to Johannes Jacob Lansingh Esq. : a commission 
as captain of the company in the ist or Albany bat 
talion, lately commanded by Abraham Van Arnam. 105 

Same to Myndert Hoose, Gentleman : a commission as 
ensign of the company in the ist or Albany battalion, 
of which Peter Vosbrough is captain. 106 

Same to Dirck Hoose Esq. : a commission as captain of 
the company in the ist or Albany battalion, lately 
commanded by Francis Klauw. 107 

Same to Volgert Veeder, Gentleman : a commission as 
second lieutenant of the company in the ist or Albany 
battalion, of which Adam Vrooman is captain. 108 

Same to Philip P. Schuyler, Gentleman : a commission as 
ensign of the company in the ist or Albany battalion, 
of which Abraham Ten Brook is captain. 109 

Same to Barent Ten Eyck, Gentleman: a commission as 
second lieutenant of the company of grenadiers of which 
Abraham C. Cuyler is captain. no 

Capt. Robart McKean to [Sir William Johnson], asking 
that, if they attempt any injury or depredation, they be 
mustered. 1 1 1 


Jan. 19 [Sir William Johnson] to the officer in command of the 

Johnson Hall New York provincials at the German Flatts, advising 
of the nearness of a party of Senecas, and ordering 
that, if they attempt any injury or depredation, they be 
seized and sent down under guard; also commanding 
vigilance to prevent their trading with the inhabitants. 8:112 
20 I Sir William Johnson] to Lieut. Gov. [John] Penn, ap- 

Johnson Hall proving measures taken for punishing the murderers 

of the Conestoga Indians [24:193], discussing the effect 

of the crime on Indian sentiment and pointing out the 

only policy which will remove Indian disaffection. 113 

20 Ferrall Wade, asking a remittance for a draft on Capt. 

Philadelphia Clause and complaining of Monture's refusal to 

honor a draft. [8:45] 114 

20 [Sir William Johnson] to the Lords of Trade: acknowl- 

Fort Johnson edges the receipt of the royal proclamation, reports the 
failure of Maj. Wilkins's expedition to Detroit, ex 
amines the causes of the war and of the peace pro 
posals made by the Senecas and western nations, sug 
gests separate treaties with the several confederacies, 
the retention of the Niagara carrying place by the 
English, the removal of the French from Michilimackinac 
and Miamis, the abolition of the Jesuit missions, the 
establishment of a resident bishopric and clergy in 
Canada, the keeping of small vessels on Lakes Erie and 
Huron and the righting of Indian grievances, and men 
tions his labors and losses, including that of the 
[Canajoharie] grant made by the Indians, the massacre 
of the friendly Conestoga Indians, and his giving the 
war belt to the Oneidas and Tuscaroras. [Doc. rel. to 
Col. Hist. N. Y. 7:599-602] 115 

20 Joseph Knox, notifying that he has drawn on Johnson 

Niagara j n favor of Mr Shipboy for the amount of Lieut. Col. 

Gladwin's and Capt. Lehunt's accounts. 116 

22 Col. John Bradstreet, inclosing a letter opened by mis- 
Albany take, and expressing pleasure at Johnson's recovery 

from sickness. 117 

23 Duncan & Phyn's account, 57, igs. 118 

23 John Duncan to [Sir William Johnson], expressing gratifi- 
Schenectady cation that a rumor affecting Johnson's safety was false, 
and a hope that the sacrifices of the latter for the public 
will meet a reward, also mentioning the expected visit 
of Col. Campbell and the indictment of John Glen, him 
self and other justices for quartering soldiers on Tobias 
Tenyck and others. 119 



Jan. 23 Witham Marsh about the publication of the King's proc- 
New York lamation, a friendly paragraph in Weyman's paper, the 
escape of Rogers to " precious " Connecticut by way of 
Hell- gates, articles to be sent by sled, patents, his law 
suit and a project of revenge in case of an adverse 
decision by the court, and a letter for Mr Croghan. 8:120 
24 William McCracken, relating pecuniary misfortunes due 
Montreal to his being " bound " for Maj. Rogers, and Gov. 
Burton's kindness in appointing him sole vendue master, 
and asking Johnson's influence to secure his retention 
of the place in the event of Gen. Murray's becoming 
Governor of Canada. 121 

24 John Glen Jun'r, informing that he sends by Symon Van 
Schonectady Antwerpen, in 13 sleighs, 30 barrels of flour and 20 of 

pork. 122 

27 [Sir William Johnson] to Lieut. Gov. Colden, touching 
Johnson Hall the two companies that have marched for the de 
fense of Scohare and Cherry Valley, the orders of the 
Earl of Halifax for raising troops, the difficulty of ob 
taining redress for injuries from the Chenussios, the 
advisability of abolishing the Jesuit missions and using 
their possessions in Canada for a Protestant bishopric 
and missions, the labor of quieting the resentment ex 
cited in the Five Nations by the massacre of their 
brethren at Conestoga, and the commissions desired for 
officers of his regiment. 123 

28 Robert Callbeck's bill on account of clothing furnished to 
Niagara Adam and David, two Mohawks. 124 

28 H. Van Schaack to [Sir William Johnson], explaining 
Albany the failure of Mr Douw to pay Dr Stringer and plead 

ing the scarcity of money and the impossibility of 
getting it for bills on New York. 125 

28 Affidavits of Martinus Sparbeck, Christ Young, Caspar 
Conajohary Keller, Hendrick Zander, Salomon Myer jun'r, Andreas, 

Hend'k and Jacob Zoller, Cunrad Clock, Lawranz 
Blasius, William Shnyder and others, disclaiming 
knowledge of the contents of a petition against Capt. 
Jacob Clok and Lieut. Hannikel Herkimer [7:108, 
August 1763], to which their names were attached by 
the procurement of George Clok and Roger Baxter; 
taken before Justice Hendrick Frey. 24:197 

29 [Sir William Johnson] to Lieut. Col. Eyre, viewing 
Johnson Hall the grounds of Indian defection, advocating con 
cessions, as well as the removal of French settlers 
from the Indian country and the appropriation of 
the Jesuit lands for Protestant church uses in Can 
ada, and mentioning his employment of Oneidas, 
Tuscaroras and Mohawks, against the hostiles, and 
the favorable opinions of his policy expressed by 

the British government. 8:126 





New York 


Jan. 19 Jacob Snell, in relation to a sum of money desired, 


29 Hendrick Frey, sending proceedings in relation to 
Conajohary Qok and Herkimer's affairs [24:197] and the com 
plaint of William Lauks [8:81], and the letter of 
[Jacob] Snell. 

Lieut. Col. David Van Der Heyden, informing that he 
sends up, by Mr Putnam, a negro belonging to John 

Ab'm Mortier, with the information that he has paid 
the balance due Johnson, 640, is, 2j4d, to Mr Dar 
lington and holds vouchers for other sums paid; 
and a request for the return of Mr Bayard's draft 
on [Abraham] Dow, which the latter has neglected 
to pay to Johnson. 

,50 Sir William Johnson's account with Ab'm Mortier. 
New York 

31 Capt. John Wells, expressing pleasure at Johnson's 

Chirrey recovery from illness and gratification at the arrival 

Valley o f a company for the defense of the settlement, 

recommending Daniel Clyd as suited for scouting, 

and mentioning the need of a supply of money. 

31 William Darlington about accounts, a sum received 

New York from Mr Mortier and money sent up to Johnson 

Hall in care of Maj. William Hogan. 

31 John Welles, giving a list of attested accounts 
Montreal against the estate of Capt. John Lotteridge, de 
ceased, and speaking of the effect in Canada of the 
King's proclamation. 

Feb. I Hendrick Frey, inclosing proceedings against Martin 
Canajoharre Dillenbagh [8:81], considering the prospects of his 
punishment and suggesting a device for his appre 

1 Capt. John R. Hansen, telling what disposition he has 
Schohare made of his force, and indicating the need of snowshoes 

for scouting parties. 

2 De Couagne to [Sir William Johnson], telling of a 
Niagara visit by an Indian to the fort and the restriction on 

the sale of ammunition. 

3 [Sir William Johnson] to Lieut. Gov. Colden, asking 
Johnson Hall attention to the design of two young Indians to 

visit England in the evident interest of some 
scheme of George Klock's, and to Mr Lydias's pur 
pose to go over in behalf of his land claims and 
the Connecticut title to a tract on the Susquehanna, 
and inquiring about Mr Johnson's grant. 














Feb. 6 Francis Wade on the recent alarm occasioned by 
Philadelphia riotous attempts against friendly Indians under the 
protection of the city, an arrangement of the differ 
ence between his brother [Matthew] and Johnson 
[8:60], and Johnson's desire to draw settlers to 
his lands. 8 1139 

6 Sir William Johnson's account with Duncan & Phyn. 140 

6 John Duncan about goods sent, and to be sent. 141 


6 A memorandum of goods from Mr Duncan. 142 


8 James Phyn, mentioning goods sent in sledges to 
Schenectade Johnson and the inferiority of the Albany to the 

Schenectady " stores." 143 

8 John Hansen, acquainting with English affairs : Lt. Col. 
London Lee, president of a club of officers who have been 

in America, criticizes Gen. Amherst in print ; the 
latter is advised by friends to publish his instruc 
tions and orders from the government; he censures 
the province of New York; public opinion favors 
conciliation of the Indians; Gen. Monckton's chance 
of the chief command in America impaired by his 
affiliations in the Commons; party spirit runs high; 
British officers would gladly return to America. 144 

9 John Duncan to [Sir William Johnson] on goods sent 
Schenectady to Johnson, also declaring a purpose to enlarge his 

assortment. 145 

9 Sir William Johnson to Capt. Montour, instructions for 
leading a party of Indians to Kanestio and destroy 
ing it. 24:198 
9 John Duncan's account. 8:147 
ii Lady G. Cosby to [Sir William Johnson], as to the dis- 
[London?] posal of her land and mining interests in America; 
sending Lord Halifax's compliments. [Doc. Hist. N. Y> 
2:806; Q, 2:467] 146 
ii Capt. Daniel Campbell, relative to the payment of money 
Sch'y- by Capt. Clause on account of Wells & Wade. 148 

ii [Sir William Johnson] to Lieut. Gov. Ralph Burton at 
Johnson Hall Montreal, sending information that a party of 200 
Indians has been despatched by him against the Dela- 
wares and Shawanese, and that he purposes to employ 
Canadian Indians in like enterprises, and referring for 
further knowledge to Capt. Claus, the bearer. 149 



Feb. ii Henry Monture, William Hare and John Johnston, Indian 
Burnuts Field officers, about obstacles to their expedition [24:198], 
created by Thomas Spencer, who has brought a small, 
iil equipped party from Cherry Vally. 8:150 

ii Dirk Van Der Heyden to [Sir William Johnson], corn- 
London municating the fact of his failure in business, declaring 
that gifts to the savages will furnish the most solid 
basis of peace and inquiring as to the means, time and 
cost of procuring 5000 pounds of ginseng. 151 
14 Christof Strobel (at the City Hall), asking aid as an old 
Albany servant and soldier of Johnson's and relief from the 

humiliation he suffers as a public charge. [In German] 152 
14 Elioner Flood, imploring Johnson's intercession with a 
New York creditor, Joseph Greswold, with a view to release from 

prison. 153 

14 Gilbert Tower, seeking a continuance of benefits and in* 

yoking divine aid to his benefactor in the performance 

of public duty. 154 

15 Thomas McKee, condemning the massacre of the Con- 
Lancaster nestogo Indians [24:193], discussing the attempt of 

rioters to destroy certain Indians under the protection 
of the city of Philadelphia [8:139] and asking that 
warrants for money be sent to himself and his son. 155 

16 Ferrall Wade, asking the money or a draft on New York 
Philadelphia j n payment of a draft on Capt. Clause. 156 

17 Daniel Claus, requesting payment of 50 in currency to 
Albany Abraham Lyle. 157 

17 [S ; r William Johnson] to William Smith Ju'r, excusing 
Johnson Hall delay, agreeing to charges in connection with un 
successful suits and mentioning war parties which he 

is sending out. 158 

18 William Darlington, repeating a mention of money sent 
New York m charge of Maj. William Hogan, and informing that 

he sends up a butler, recommended by Lord Stirling's 
butler, and he has forwarded the letter for the Lords 
of Trade on the Halifax packet, Capt. Jeffery. 159 

19 W[itha]m Marsh about orders executed for Johnson, 
New York j o hn Heath Mullis, a butler shipped with Capt. Gage, 

who sails to the Visch-Kilns, bodily sufferings, the 

machinations of disloyal " imps " regarding the K a 

patent [8:42], a new delay in the suit regarding his 
office, a scheme of the lawyers to exclude members of 
the established church from the profession, Quincey's 
Dispensatory, " which so particularly points out the 
proper Medicines for every Disorder," and French 
clover and La Lucerne seeds for Johnson Hall; with 
compliments to Brandt, Molly and others. T ^ rv 



Feb. 20 Capt. Daniel Campbell, recommending Capt. Tice [8:11] 
Schenectady an d mentioning Mr [Matthew] Wade's order on John 
son for a balance shown in Capt. Claus's account. 8:161 
20 Robert Leake, speaking of Mr Byrne, whom he has con- 
New York tinued at the royal blockhouse [at Oneida lake] on 
Johnson's recommendation, congratulating Sir William 
on his remarkable success in keeping the Five Nations 
loyal, communicating certain military appointments to be 
made in England for America, complaining of long and 
laborious service, and asking suggestions for the pur 
chase of land, the "land jobbers" in New York re 
fusing to " let one into anything unless it be above Fort 
Edward." 162 

20 Charles Williams to [Sir William Johnson], con- 
New York cerning a letter of recommendation to Admiral 
Tyrell and Capt. Delancey's thought of buying the 
lead mines. 163 

20 John Duncan, commending Gilbert Tice for the com- 
Schenectady mand of a company of rangers or provincials, re 
porting that Col. Bradstreet is considered for a 
major generalship, speaking of an intended trip to 
New York and soliciting a letter in support of his 
claim for land under a grant made to provincial 
officers serving in the war in America. 164 

20 James Rivington to [Sir William Johnson], of pub- 
New York lications which he can supply, Johnson's public 

services, Maj. Loftus's expedition up the Missisipi, 
the exchange by France of Louisiana for a Spanish 
settlement on the Gulph of Darien, the King's dis 
missal of Col. Barre, the vast popularity of [John] 
Wilkes and Gen. Amherst's discredit with the army. 
[Doc. Hist. N. Y. 2:806-8; Q, 2:468] 174 

21 Henery Monture, William Hare and John Johnston, 
Kaun au Wau asking money to pay for a feast to their Indian 

Roharie warriors; also paper and sealing wax. 165 

21 Same, describing the opposition of some Indians of 

Kaun a Wa Old Onida to their expedition [24:198] and sending 

Rohare messages from the warriors of their party about 

that opposition and the care and protection of their 

castle during their absence. 166 

21 Sir William Johnson to [Henry Montour?] (letter 

sent by Thomas King and party of 12), exhorting 

to vigorous hostilities, offering bounties to Indians 

for the persons or heads of two Delaware chiefs, 

and speaking of the preparations of Oghquagoes, 

Otseningo Indians, Tuscaroras, StocKDridge Indians, 

Ondagoes and Cayugaes to act against the enemy. 24:199 



Feb. 23 John Duncan to [Sir William Johnson], mentioning 
Schenectady a n order which he is filling, discoursing on causes 
of Indian troubles, and the debt of the community 
to Johnson, and promising a visit. 8:167 

24 James Phyn, explaining character of goods sent, 
Schenectady apologizing for defects, informing that six carpen 
ters will be sent to the Niagara carrying place, and 
touching on a story of an attempt against the life of 
Wilks [in England]. 168 

24 George Croghan to [Sir William Johnson], describing 
London his reception by Lords Hillsborrow and Hallifax, 

the excitement over " Wilks and Liberty," the posi 
tion of Gen. Monckton regarding the American 
command, the friendship of Mr Penn, Mr Alen and 
Gov. Pownal for Johnson, the unpopularity of Gen. 
Amherst; and, in postscript, his shipwreck on the 
Norman coast; and sending the compliments of Col. 
George Armstrong and Lieut. McDonald from 
Detroit and of Maj. Gates. 169 

24 Sir William Johnson's account with Duncan & Phyn. 170 

25 Capt. Robert McKeen's monthly return of his corn- 
Cherry Valley pa ny of provincials, 53 officers and men. 172 

25 Same, reporting on the condition of his company and 
Cherry Valley his efforts for the protection of the settlement. 173 

26 George Wray, clerk of artillery stores, on powder and 
Albany carbine balls which he sends in J. B. Van Eps's 

sleigh, and musket balls which can be furnished. 175 

27 David Van Der Heyden, correcting an error in an ac- 
Albany count and sending an account for the Schohare 

Indians. 176 

27 Sir William Johnson's account with Duncan & Phyn. 177 

27 Sampson Simson to William Darlington, informing 
New York that Hyam Myers, who has suffered by the Indian 
trade, has sailed for Europe, accompanied by 
Sychnecta and Trosoghroga, Mohawks, and request 
ing Darlington to apply to Johnson for a proper cer 
tificate for the Indians. 178 
27 [Sir William Johnson] to Gov. Penn, assenting to the 
Johnson Hall proposal that the friendly Indians, threatened by 
lawlessness in Pennsylvania, be removed to the 
province of New York and suggesting passage by 
water from Amboy to Albany. 179 
27 John Welles to [Sir William Johnson], congratula- 
Montreal tions on the view of Johnson's conduct which pre 
vails in England, a scornful estimate of Gen. Am 
herst, mention of Capt. Lotteridge's affairs, com- 



ment on the condition of Indian trade, the denial of 
preferment in Canada to any but Scots, and the 
report that the Bishop of America will reside in 
Albany, and a request for attention to a stock of 
Indian goods. [Inclosing 24:185, November I, 1763] 8:180 
Feb. 28 Henery Monture, John Johnson and William Hare 

Auqvage about success in their expedition against Kanisto 

and the character of the prisoners whom they send. 181 
28 Same (for the Indian warriors), relating the capture of 

Auqvauge 29 of the enemy, and asking protection for Oneida 

and Auqqvage, and a reinforcement of Indians. 182 

28 [Sir William Johnson] to Lieut. Gov. Golden, asking 
Johnson Hall consent to bringing Indians from Philadelphia to 

the Mohawk [8:179], mentioning the activity of one 
of Lydias's sons in support of a claim, suggesting 
the location of the grant to Lieut. Johnson [8:85, 
138], mentioning war parties despatched against 
enemies in the Susquehanna and Ohio countries, and 
recommending Mr Tice of Schenectady for a cap 
taincy. [Extract in Doc. rel. to Col. Hist. N. Y. 7:611] 183 

29 Capt. John Wells to [Sir William Johnson], reporting 
Chirrey Valley favorably of Capt. [Robert] McKeen's company, 

and of the behavior of the Indians who come to 
that place. 184 

Sir William Johnson's address to some Indians who 
will go out against the enemies' villages. [Date un 
certain] 24:258 
Mar. I [Sir William Johnson] to His Excellency Gen. Gage, 
Johnson Hall concerning the number of the " Friend Indians " 
whom he can enlist, and the effect of their present 
operations on the Delawares, Shawanese and Sen- 
ecas, as well as western nations. 8:185 

2 Henery Monture, William Hare and John Johnston, 
Oueqvage telling of the departure of the Onidais with their 

prisoners [8:182] for Johnson Hall, asking a rein 
forcement of white men and Indians in order to 
destroy the [Indian] settlement along the Dioagoa 
river, and commending Capt. Bull and his warriors, 
among the prisoners, to severe punishment. 186 

3 Isaac Paris about Blassius [an interpreter] and two 

Stone Rabie Indians [8:138, 178] and Blassius's desire of a pass. 187 

3 William Tongue about payment of interpreters whose 
New York services were certified by Lieut. James Gorrell at Fort 

Edward Augustus. 188 

4 John Glen Jun'r, concerning provisions sent in charge of 
Schonectady Nicolas H. Veadir and calvancis which he has been 

ordered by Col. Bradstreet to send to the royal block 
house. ! 




Mar. 4 Same, concerning an order from Col. Bradstreet to send 
Schonectady SO me calvancis to Johnson. 8:189 

4 John Wells about a sachem who will visit Sir William, 
Chirrey a villainous tall Cayuga who is present, and money 

Valley needed to meet Indian demands. 205 

4 Thomas Shipboy, inclosing a copy of a draft drawn by 
Albany Joseph Knox at Niagara and inquiring if it be agreeable 

to pay it. I9 1 

Joseph Knox (copy), a draft on Johnson for 47, 75, lod 
[Niagara] i n favor of Thomas Shipboy. [Inclosed in 8:191] 192 

5 William Darlington, inclosing a letter about two Mohawks 
New York w ho have gone to Europe [8:178] and speaking of a 

cabinetmaker's account and a negro sent up the river 

on Pemberton's sloop. 193 

5 A. Mortier, concerning Sir William's draft on him in 
NT^W York favor of Mr Van Schaak, an expected warrant for 
Johnson from Gen. Gage and his regret at [Abraham] 
Dow's delay in paying Bayard's draft. 194 

8 Sir William Johnson's account with Duncan & Phyn. 195 


8 James Rivington, receipted bill for books, pamphlets etc. 
[New York] _ 25, 8s, 6d. 196 

8 [Duncan & Phyn], a list of goods. 197 


9 [Sir William Johnson] to Robert Leake, thanking him 
Johnson Hall for the provision made for Mr Byrne, telling of the 

return of a war party with 41 Delaware prisoners, 
including Capt. Bull, who are chiefly from Kanestio, 
describing the extent and origin of the Kayaderosseras 
patent and promising to aid Leake in making a pur 
chase of land. 199 
10 Thomas Ackesen about men who have joined Capt. Hon- 

Schoharry san's company, Indians of Schohary who will go to 
war, and supplies for Indians who are on the war 
path. 200 

Christian Hoofnagel to [Sir William Johnson], petition 
ing for advice in a quarrel forced on him by relations 
of children whom he has adopted and is rearing. (No 
date) 201 

10 George Croghan, mentioning English neglect of American 

London affairs, which he attributes to the warmth of party 

spirit, an interview with Lord Halifax, his lordship's 
dcMre to make the Indian department independent of 
the commander in chief, the discussion of a boundary 
between Indians and settlers [7:248], the proposal of a 
colony from the mouth of the Ohio to the Ilo.nies, Gov. 
Pownal's opinion of Mr Harriss, and assumption of 
superior knowledge regarding North America, and de 
claring that he (Croghan) is sick of London and its 
vanities. 202 



Mar. 10 John Duncan, asserting his purpose to fill all of Johnson's 
Schenectady orders for goods, mentioning a false rumor about the 
good faith of the Onidas and asking a line to the Lieu 
tenant Governor in behalf of his claim to land under 
the grant. [8:164] 8:203 

10 Gavin Cochrane to [Sir William Johnson], discussing 
New York Indian relations and status, asking particulars of the 
capture of 41 Delawares and Shawanese, arguing that 
happy results would follow a blow to the Genesees and 
suggesting that the promise of being presented at court 
might augment the zeal of the Indians. 204 

12 John B. Van Eps, inquiring whether he shall receipt for 
Schinectady a supply of ammunition short in some particulars. 206 

12 John Macomb, asking a pecuniary favor. 207 


12 Daniel Qaus, drawing to the amount of 60 in favor of 
Albany John Macomb. [Inclosed in 8:207] 208 

12 Abraham Lyle, sending Capt. Daniel Claus's bill and 

Albany Johnson's account, inquiring about Preinteic's bill on 

Johnson and contrasting Johnson's success against 

the Indians with Amherst's in the expedition of Maj. 

Wilkins. 209 

12 Capt. John R. Hansen about a detachment sent to Onogh- 

Wisersdorp quago, two Indian prisoners taken by Mohawks and the 

discontent of his company at receiving no pay. 210 

12 Joseyas Swart, writing in favor of two Indians [8:210] 
Schohary se nt as prisoners to Johnson by Capt. Hanson. 211 

13 Thomas Harris to [Sir William Johnson] on Gen. Am- 
London herst's unpopularity at home, meetings with Col. Cro- 

ghan in London, the probability that the Board of Trade 
will adopt Johnson's views of Indian affairs, the pur 
chase of Indian goods in England a commission with 
which he asks to be intrusted the comparative value 
of mining and agricultural lands, copper and silver ore 
consigned to him from America, a consignment of 
potash from one of Johnson's tenants, also prices, re 
turns and shipment of that product. 212 

13 Maj. Gen. Thomas Gage's warrant to Abraham Mortier 
New York directing payment to Sir William Johnson of 732, 

2s, id New York currency on account of expenses in 
Capt. Claus's department and presents made by him to 
Indians. 26:21 

14 Witham Marsh on a 13 weeks' illness, the publication in 
New York Weyman's paper of good news [capture of 41 Dela 
wares?] communicated by Johnson to Marsh and Mr 
Leake's effective reply to invidious comments. 8:213 



Mar. 14 H. Van Schaack, begging a few garden seeds, informing 
Albany that the colony of Connecticut has voted 300 men, 

Massachusetts none, and giving details of a riotous en 
counter between civilians and officers and men of the 
55th and Royal Artillery. 8:214 

15 [Sir William Johnson] to Lieut. Col. Elliot, delivering, 
Johnson Hall under escort of Capt. De Garmo with 50 New York 
provincials, 14 Delaware Indians, to be conducted to 
New York, and enjoining care to prevent their escape; 
also mentioning that the women and boys of the cap 
tive party [8:181,182] have been delivered to the Mo 
hocks for adoption. 215 

15 David Van Der Heyden to [Sir William Johnson], giv- 
Albany j n g a circumstantial account of outrages committed by 

soldiers of Col. Elliot's command in the late riot 
[8:214], and asking for orders. 216 

Lieut. Nath'l Hillyer, complaining that he has been 
superseded by younger officers and asking a few 
words in his behalf to the Governor. [Not dated, 
but earlier than 8:217; March 16, 1764] 12:21 

16 [Sir William Johnson] to Lieut. Gov. Colden, acquaint- 
Johnson Hall i llg w ith the success of Thomas King's war party 

against a party of Delawares, his distribution of In 
dian prisoners among friendly nations, the consterna 
tion of the enemy at the operations of the friendly 
Indians, and his measures for protecting the families of 
Onoghquagos and Oneidas who have gone against the 
enemy, agreeing to Gen. Gage's proposal to give the 
Wyaloosins asylum in Burlington barracks, presenting 
Capt. Duncan's application for land [8:164], mention 
ing Capt. Johnson's, and drawing attention to Lieut. 
Hillyer, who desires to reenter military service. 8:217 

18 Capt. John R. Hansen, further about two prisoners 
WisersDorp charged with making evil threats [8:210], a lieutenant's 
Scohare command sent to Onoghquago and supplies extorted 

from Capt. Eckerson [Thomas Ackeson] by Indians. 218 
18 [Sir William Johnson] to J. Stuart (southern Superin- 
Johnson Hall tendent of Indian Affairs), informing that he has sent 
out scalping parties aggregating 300 warriors, whose 
success has alarmed the enemy, and compelled the 
Chenussios to make proposals of peace, and that he will 
despatch parties from the Five Nations against the 
Shawanese and Delawares, discussing Indian trade 
regulations, mentioning Indian hostilities in the South 
and the need of cooperation among the colonies and 
suggesting French instigation. 219 




Mar. 18 


New York 

New York 




New York 

John Wells about letters which he has forwarded to 
Onaquago and provisions which he has orders to con 
vey to that place. 8 :22O 

Ab'm Mortier, sending Gen. Gage's warrant to Johnson 
for 732, 2s, id New York currency 427, is, 2d 
sterling and notifying that Johnson has overdrawn 
161, 145, 9d sterling. 221 

Account of Sir William Johnson with Ab'm Mortier. 

[Inclosed in 8:221] 222 

Duncan & Phyn's account and invoice. 223 


Dr John Stewart's bill to Sir William Johnson for medi 
cal service to Indians; Johnson's order on John Dun 
can to pay Stewart ; and Stewart's receipt. 224 
Sir William Johnson's account with Duncan & Phyn for 
Indian goods, from November 26 to March 19 ^3934, 
45, i id. 225 
Robert Leake, intimating that he has silenced one of 
Johnson's detractors by the prospect of a duel, and 
mentioning that he would buy from 16,000 to 20,000 
acres of land, that Col. Robertson has brought from 
Florida an unfavorable account of the soil, and Sir 
John St Clair will soon go home, out of health and in 
financial trouble. 226 
19 Capt. Hendrick Frey on his execution of orders for 
Canajoharre stopping trade and the sale of rum at certain places. 227 

19 Sir William Johnson's account, amounting to ^944, 2s, 
Schenectady w jth Duncan & Phyn. 228 

19 John Duncan on his efforts to furnish goods, the sus- 
Schenectady pension of transportation by the closing of the 

rivers, and Johnson's continued success against the 
enemy. 229 

20 James Phyn to [Sir William Johnson], sending ac- 
Schenectady counts and invoice. 230 

21 Lieut. John Kees on the scarcity of provisions and 
Aughquaga apprehensions of the Indians at Aughquaga. 24:201 

22 John Crean, seeking employment at Johnson Hall, 
Philadelphia an d mentioning that he is a " coardwinder " by 

trade, has been a soldier 20 years and can get recom 
mendations from the colonel of the 35th, the Gov 
ernor of Philadelphia and others. 8:231 

Philip Jonathan, asking moral support in starting a 
school for Indians and enforcing discipline. [Doc. 
Hist. N. Y. 4:339-40; Q, 4:216-17] 232 

Gen. Gage to Maj. Gladwin at Detroit (extract), 
authorizing terms of peace with the Indians, who 
are requested to meet Sir William Johnson at 
Niagara, bringing all prisoners and deserters with 
them. 233 



New York 



May. 23 John Gcorg Licbc'nrood on the demand for ginseng 
London a nd the high prices of furs, giving a list of market 

values. 8 1234 

25 James Phyn, apologizing for the bad character of 
Schenectady goods supplied. 235 

25 Capt. T. Moncrieffe (major of brigade), congratula- 
New York tions and favorable comment on the policy of em 
ploying Indians against Indians. 236 

25 Sir William Johnson's account current with William 

New York Darlington. 237 

26 Charles Williams to [Sir William Johnson], acknowl- 
New York edging a letter recommending [Charles and David 

Williams?] to Admiral Tyrell and describing the 
popular feeling at the arrival of Capt. Bull and the 
13 other Indians under military guard. [8:181, 182] 238 

26 Witham Marsh about the publication of a paragraph 
New York from Johnson's letter, the arrival of 14 Tndian pris 
oners [8:181, 182], his desire to have certain "carp 
ing scoundrels " punished with 100 lashes, public 
excitement over Johnson's triumph, and the appoint 
ment of a committee to consider a patent. 239 

27 John Glen Jun'r, informing that he has sent up in 
Schonectady three bateaux 19 barrels of flour and nine of pork, to 

be delivered to Dowe Fonda at Coghnawagie. 240 

27 Daniel Campbell, asking that a sum of money, due 
Schenectady on account of transactions with Capt. Clans, may be 

sent him, in care of Dr Constable, and offering to 
execute any commissions for Sir William in New 
York city. 241 

28 John Macomb to [Sir William Johnson] about money 
Albany which he has lent to Mr Achilles Preston and referring 

to Nos. 207 and 208. 242 

30 John Welles about the success of Johnson's war 

Montreal policy, the silence of Mr [Matthew?] Wade, Ferrall 
Wade's possible influence over him, a petition of 
Canadians [8:244], the French included, to the Lords 
of Trade, the enlistment of a Canadian regiment, 
with Frenchmen in command, suspension of trade, 
and the government's precautions to prevent its 
resumption, payment of [the late] Capt. Lotteridge's 
debts, marriages between British officers and Cana 
dian ladies, his indisposition and the prospect that 
the arrival of the bishop will bring good times to 
Albany. 243 

Petition of the gentry, merchants, citizens and other 

Montreal inhabitants of the city and government to the Lords 
Commissioners of Trade and Plantations, asking 
attention to the action of people in Quebec in as 
suming to choose an agent for the province and 



Mar. 30 
New York 


praying that the Indian trade may be free to all 
who observe the legal requirements, and there may 
be no monopoly of riparian rights on the St Law 
rence, and no customs restrictions at Quebec on 
Montreal commerce. [Inclosed in 8:243] 8:244 

Lieut. Col. William Eyre, touching the effect of the 
success of Johnson's war parties, the disappoint 
ment of enemies, the approbation of Gen. Gage, 
the appointment of Gage as commander in chief, the 
arrangement for rotation in service of English regi 
ments ordered to America, and his expectation of 
being sent to England. 245 

31 Duncan & Phyn's bill for articles bought by Sir 

Schenectady William Johnson. 246 

31 Lieut. Col. John Campbell, reporting that he has, in 

Fort Stanwix obedience to orders, supplied the Oneida women 

with provisions, praising the appearance of the 

Indian, Capt. Bull, and mentioning his orders from 

the general to take the field with the I7th regiment. 247 

[Schenectady] Duncan & Phyn], sending a list of goods and promising 

to send articles not now in stock. 198 

Apr. i John Duncan to [Sir William Johnson] about business 

Schenectady orders, letters for Johnson, coming by way of 
Schenectady and the fatigues of the Indian superin- 
tendency. 248 

William Tongue, inclosing Lieut. Gorrell's certificates 
concerning claims of Peter Souligny fils and Cha's - 
Gaultier as interpreters and Pierre Souligny fils as 
express, with suggestions as to the mode of pay 
ment. 249 
Robert Leake, giving news from England: the minis 
try adopts most of the plans of the late commander 
in America, Gen. Gage will be commander in chief, 
Gen. Monckton declines to come over again, Mur 
ray's appointment as governor [of Canada] meets 
objection, men are being raised for America, the 
King continues in a masterful mood, officers, mili 
tary and civil, have been dismissed for caballing, 
money scarce, bankruptcy common, all officers to 
join their corps, Colonels Bouquet and Bradstreet to 
command separately, navy gentlemen to command 
cutters on the American coast. 250 
H. Van Schaack to [Sir William Johnson], asking an 
order for 119, 145 currency to pay Bostwyck & Co. 
a claim certified at Michilamackinac by Lieut. Wil 
liam Leslie, and informing that preparations are 
making, by direction of Col. Robertson, to build forts, 
barracks etc. in " the Southern Conquests," and that 
the officers concerned in the late riot [8:214, 216] are 
ordered down to New York. 251 

New York 

New York 





Apr. 2 Witham Marsh to [Sir William Johnson], relating an 

Bayard Hall interview with Capt. Bull [8:182] in jail, and giving 

his suspicions that Quakers originated the Delawares' 

outbreak. 8 1252 

3 Frederick Sigismund Lentz to [Sir William Johnson], 

New York speaking of the works which he has erected for the 

manufacture of tobacco and soliciting custom. 253 

3 Francis Wade, telling of the wrecking on the French 
Philadelphia coast of the vessel which carried Mr Croghan and Col. 

Armstrong [8:169], asking payment of a draft on Capt 
Clawes and mentioning a petition to the crown for a 
change of government and a pamphlet called the Con 
duct of the Paxtoners. [24:193, Dec. 31, 1763; 8:139] 9:1 

4 Baynton, Wharton & Morgan, inviting attention to a 
Philadelphia stock of goods which they will sell for the account of 

[George] Croghan and mentioning his shipwreck. 
[8:169] 2 

5 Duncan & Phyn, a list of goods forwarded by Mr 
Schenectady Van EpS. 3 

5 John Duncan to [Sir William Johnson] on the difficulty 
Schenectady o f conveying goods by reason of rain and the impress 
ment ! of wagons, and his intended journey to New 
York; letter prefaced by a list of goods sent in a three- 
handed bateau by Jassen Hazzard, to be delivered to 
Barr't Vrooman at Caghnawaga for Johnson. 4 

5 Duncan & Phyn's bill for goods bought by Sir William 
Schenectady Johnson ^OI, 35, 7^d. 5 

6 A list of goods ordered [by Sir William Johnson] from 

Baynton & Wharton, Philadelphia. 6 

6 [Sir William Johnson] to Lieut. Gov. Colden, mention- 
Johnson Hall ing war parties sent out, including one led by his son, 

the willingness of the Chenussios to deliver up two 
murderers at Kanestio, cede to the King all the land 
from Niagara to the falls on both sides of the strait and 
be employed against the Delawares and Shawanese, the 
preparations of the whole Confederacy to accompany 
the troops against those enemies, and a conference to 
be held the last of June with the western nations and 
Senecas, inquiring whether Capt. Johnson's grant may 
be made from lands near Scorticoke or Sanckaick 
patents, showing his own just claim to the tract made 
over to him by the Conajoharees and asking the Gover 
nor's acceptance of 10,000 acres in it. 7 

7 H. Van Schaack to [Sir William Johnson], giving a sum- 
Albany mary of news: Sir Jeffrey Amherst kindly received 

at home, Wilkes expelled from the House, all American 
officers ordered to join their regiments, no regiment 
to stay longer than three years in America, pay of com 
manders at outposts advanced, Michilamackina to be 
reestablished, Gov. Monckton's return doubtful, Gen. 




Gage to retain chief command, the opposition in Par 
liament increased from in to 240, Col. Bradstreet to 
command the expedition, and the Assembly and Gov 
ernor of Pennsylvania at loggerheads over the taxation 
of the Proprietaries' uncultivated lands. 9 :8 

Apr. 7 Henery Monture, William Hare and John Johnson 

Diogoa [24:198], reporting that the Delawares fled before their 

arrival at Kanestio, and they, with 140 warriors, des 
troyed three large Delaware towns, all the out villages 
and 130 scattered Indian houses, very large and well 
built, together with horses and cattle, and declaring 
that they have made "peaceable times " in that country. 24:203 
8 James Phyn about the difficulty of obtaining desirable 

Schenectady Indian goods in Albany or York and the obstacles to 
transportation, also Mr Johnson's expedition [9 :7J and 
Sir William's kindness. 9:9 

8 Capt. John Grant's certificate to the faithful services of 
Oughquago John Harper, interpreter and pilot. 11 

9 John Glen Ju'r about his efforts to send pork to Ogquago 
Schonectady ^y way o f Cherry Vally. IO 

9 James Rivington, concerning arrangements for furnish- 
New York jng books and papers, the weakness of the administra 
tion of Lord Halifax and Mr Grenville, the King's 
jealousy of popular statesmen and the victorious, 
serene ally [Charles William, hereditary prince of 
Brunswick-Liineburg?] who was lately in England, 
and the King's unfitness to be the head of the state. 12 

9 Same, bill for reading matter and stationery. 136 

9 Col. John Bradstreet, communicating the fact that he is 
Schenactady to command the expedition and asking that Capt. Grant 
and his company be enabled to join him, and that a 
Frenchman in the York company at Schohary be sent 
to him. 13 

10 Capt. Daniel Claus, announcing that he will at once set 
Albany O ut for Lake George and saying that Col. Bradstreet is 

exasperated at the provinces for their backwardness in 
raising men and condemns Albany roundly, that John 
son's success in bringing the Chenusios to terms meets 
with public approval, that he will endeavor to send 
Canadian Indians to the help of Johnson, that 300 
Canadians under their own officers will proceed to 
Oswego as soon as the ice is out of Lake St Pierre 
near Aughquisasne, and Oswego will be the rendezvous 
of all the troops. 14 

12 George Wray about arms and ammunition which he has 
Albany se nt according to command. 15 



12 John Stuart on the condition of the North Carolina 
Charles Town Tuscaroras, as described by Gov. Dobbs [7:129; 8:41], 
the tardiness of the Creeks in giving satisfaction for 
crimes, the military posture of the southern provinces, 
the intention of 200 Cherokees to go out against the 
northern Indians and the success of Johnson's policy. 9:16 
14 Robert McKeen, captain of rangers, reporting the return 
Cherry Vally of Lieut. Kees and his party from Aughquaga and his 
own efforts to get provisions to that place and asking 
orders relating to his company, as the time for 
which it was engaged has nearly expired. 17 

14 Sir William Johnson to Gen. Gage, discussing the back- 
Johnson Hall wardness of provincial military preparations, indicating 
the success of his policy of conciliating the Senecas and 
crushing the Delawares, mentioning the need of Indian 
goods for Col. Bouquet's expedition and his intention 
to investigate some Indian mischief on the Pensilvania 
border and inclosing a sketch taken from a draft made 
by Thomas Hutchins, formerly in the Indian depart 
ment, now an officer in the Royal Americans. 18 
14 George Croghan to [Sir William Johnson], touching a 
London conversation with Mr Rice, one of the Lords of Trade, 
relative to Indian affairs, the slight prospect that the 
Government will repair losses of Indian traders, or 
that the New Englanders' Susquehanna claim will re 
ceive countenance in England, fraudulent patents in 
the Mohock country, the decline of Gen. Amherst's in 
fluence, the approval by the Lords of Trade of John 
son's report on the charges against the Proprietary in 
Pensylvaine; mentioning the sickness of John 
Pownal, the marriage of Mr O'Bryan, an actor, to a 
nobleman's daughter, the dishonesty of parties, his dis 
gust with London's pride and pomp and his desire to 
live on a little farm in America. 19 
1 6 [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Gage, reporting the work 
Johnson Hall o f Capt. Montour's party in destroying all the Dela 
ware settlements on the Susquehanna [24:203] and sug 
gesting that Mr Stuart [Indian agent for the South] 
be directed to warn the Cherokees against receiving 
the Delawares, who are fleeing and are to be pursued 
by the Six Nations. 20 
16 Baynton & Wharton, acknowledging the favor of a busi- 
Phiiadelphia ness order, promising attention, speaking of Mr 
Croghan's misfortune at sea, and expressing a sense of 
Johnson's services to Britain and her colonies. 21 



Apr. 17 Proclamation of Gov. Ralph Burton (copy), forbidding 
Montreal trade with the Indians of the upper countries, authoriz 
ing interior trade with the domestic Indians at Caril 
lon on the Ottowa and the Cedars on the St Lawrence, 
with due regard for the privileges of the seigneurs, 
prohibiting the sale of arms, ammunition or liquors to 
Indians, and agreeing to transport free to Montreal 
any merchandise at Oswego. 9:22 

19 Resolution of an Assembly committee, providing corn- 
New York pensation for a captain, two lieutenants and 47 pri 
vates, to be employed in scouting near Cherry Val 
ley and Schoharry, at the rates paid for the same serv 
ice on the frontiers of Ulster and Orange. 23 

20 A return enlistments and discharges of men employed 

in the Indian service at Onokquage. 24 

20 [Sir William Johnson] to Lieut. Gov. Colden, informing 
Johnson Hall o f the destruction of the Delaware settlements by Capt. 
Montour's Indians and rangers [24:203] and the readi 
ness of friendly Indians to act against the enemy; also 
that the scalp brought by Montour's party is that of the 
chief Delaware's nephew, that a captive, Emanuel 
Hover, of the Raritans, has been recovered, and a 
Delaware put under arrest. [Dec. rel. to Col. Hist. 
N. Y. 7:628-29, where date is erroneously given as 28th] 25 

22 Capt. John Grant, saying that he has thought it proper to 
Chery Vely order the making of canoes for transporting provisions, 

but he awaits instructions. 26 

23 Sir William Johnson's receipt to Abraham Mortier, for 

21,428 32/56 dollars (5000 sterling), received pursuant 
to Maj. Gen. Thomas Gage's warrant. . 27 

23 Duplicates of No. 27. 28, 29 

2'3 Col. John Bradstreet, apprising that hostilities are re- 
Schenactady newed at Detroit and Niagara, Indians threaten the 
carpenters building vessels at the latter place, and 
he has ordered to Niagara 240 men now at Oswego, be 
sides 300 Canadians on their way to Oswego from Mon 
treal, and asking that the friendly Indians will aid in 
the defense of carpenters and vessels. 30 

23 James Phyn, explaining delay in transporting goods by 
Schenectady the impressment of " carriages " for bringing up the 

King's stores, and discrediting Col. Bradstreet's ad 
vices of the reinvestment of De Troit [9:30]. 31 

24 Same to [Sir William Johnson] about success and ex- 
Schenectady pectations in filling orders and the expected sailing of 

16 " Schenectady men-of-war " manned with provin 
cials. 32 



Apr, 24 Duncan & Phyn's bill against Sir William Johnson. 9 133 


24 [Sir William Johnson] to Col. Bradstreet, expressing 
Johnson Hall doubt that the western Indians are able to invest De 
troit in strength [9:30], and that the Senecas are 
troubling Niagara, mentioning a message sent by him 
to the western nations, and one to the Onondagas and 
Cayugas for the protection of the Niagara carrying 
place, approving the employment of Canadians for the 
defense of Niagara, and mentioning his orders to Capt. 
Grant at Onoghquago. 34 

25 Baynton, Wharton & Morgan, concerning goods, 
Philadelphia amounting to ^2618, is, 6d, which they will send by 

way of New York ; mentioning that they have given 
to the printer the intelligence of the submission of 
the Senecas and the zeal of other tribes in the 
English cause. 35 

25 Same, informing that they ship goods [9:35] with 

Philadelphia Capt. Ferguson, bound for New York, and mention 
ing the loss of the vessel which carried Mr Cro- 
ghan. [8:169] 36 

Mar. 24- An account by several Indians of meetings held for 

Apr. 26 discussing the management of the Indian lands by 

Mohegan the sachem, Benjamin Uncas, and the overseers. 24:202 

Apr. 26 Felix Myer, begging advice in the matter of resisting 

Canajohare Wilhelmus Dillebagh's design to dispossess him of 
the farm on which he lives. On back of letter a 
note from Hendrick Frey about seed peas and oats. 9:37 

27 [Sir William Johnson] to Maj. Gen. Gage, informing 
Johnson Hall of the apprehension of a dangerous Mohican, and of 

his measures, pursuant to warnings from Col. Brad- 
street and Lieut. Col. Browning, for the security 
of the Niagara carrying place, charging the renewed 
hostility at Niagara to fleeing Delawares, discussing 
the late attack on Detroit, and the means of gaining 
over the western nations and recovering influence 
with the Senecas, also the expenses of his depart 
ment, and asking directions concerning numbers and 
destination of Indians. 38 

28 [Sir William Johnson] to Lieut. Gov. Colden, announc- 
Johnson Hall ing that he is about to send Indians for the defense 

of Niagara, expressing the hope that his belts to the 
western nations and English preparations to take the 
offensive will check their movements, inclosing the pe 
tition of Capt. [Guy?] Johnson concerning a land grant 
[8:85] with a certificate from the general, and mention 
ing the patent and survey of the Canajoharie tract and 
the anxiety of Cherry Valley for protection. 39 



Apr. 28 Same to Capt. Henry Montour, instructions to take 
Johnson Hall his Indian party to Niagara, by way of Oswego, 
and guard the carrying place as well as Navy island 
and the vessels, to cooperate with Col. Bradstreet's 
expedition, taking command of all the Indians con 
nected with it, to require of friendly nations the de 
livery of " all whites, Negros and French Amongst 
them," and to communicate to the Indian Depart 
ment any news of consequence. 24 1204 

28 Sir William Johnson's account of disbursements on 

account of the Indians from October 12, 1763. 26:22 

30 Capt. Daniel Claus about a conversation with Gov. 
Montreal Burton, the journey of Canadian Indians to Johnson, 
a dangerous Jesuit at Aughquisasne, John Johnson's 
war party, condolence by the Caghnawageys for 
Capt. Lottridge and Sir William's message to them, 
a message to the Indians at Missilim'k acquainting 
them that public business must be transacted at 
Niagara and not Montreal, opposition to the selec 
tion of Gov. Murray for the government of Canada, 
the submission of the Chenussios, prevention of illicit 
trade, Mrs Burton's remembrance of Johnson's hos 
pitality, Pere Roubaud's recantation, the aversion 
of the Caneghsadageys for war, and the writer's 
desire to resign his deputy Indian agency. 9:40 

30 John Meanner's receipt to Alexander McKee for six 
[Fort Pitt] months' pay as Indian interpreter. 10:159 

30 Alexander McKee's receipt to George Croghan for 
[Fort Pitt] s ix months' pay as assistant Indian agent. 162 

30 Alexander McKee's receipt to Sir William Johnson for 

six months' pay. 9' 12 4 

May 3 Thomas Mcllworth, asking consent to purchase Mr 

Schenectady Marsh's clerkship [of Indian affairs]. 41 

3 [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Gage, acknowledgment 
Johnson Hall o f a warrant for ^5000 ; intelligence of Capt. Mon- 
tour's departure for Niagara [24:204], the arrest of 
a negro refugee, called Sam Tony, who has an evil 
influence along the Susqnehanna, and the recovery 
of a prisoner, Samuel Quinn, carried away from 
Minisink ; and reflections on present relations with 
the Senecas, the worth of prompt action for im 
pressing Indians, the value of rangers, the connec 
tion of Delawares with recent crimes, their desperate 
condition, Pondiac's attitude, the restlessness of 
Indians during delays ; and a suggestion for em 
ploying the friendly Indians against the Delawares 
about the Scioto and Muskingam. 42 






New York 

New York 

Paxton, Pa. 


May 5 [Sir William Johnson] to Col. Bradstreet, announcing 

Johnson Hall the readiness of the Indians for the expedition and 

making suggestions for their employment against 

Delawares and Shawanese on the Scioto plains and 

for preserving their confidence and good humor. 24:205 

William Howard to Gen. Burton, commending a chief 
who has been loyal and mentioning the desire of the 
Indians concerned in the massacre at that place 
to make their submission. 9 143 

William Darlington about an order, an unsatisfactory 
butler [John Heath Mullis] and a letter for Mr Hansen, 
delivered to Mr Vanderheyden, who promised to send it 
to his brother in London. 44 

Robert Leake, sending good wishes for the success of 
Johnson's measures and the expedition led by his son, 
praising Capt. Montour, mentioning misfortunes that, 
impend over the colonies from rates and taxes and a 
restricted market and denouncing " a Fellow born at 
Boston named Husk," who has got on the blind side 
of Charles Townshend and thrust himself into Par 
liament. 45 

John Harris to [Sir William Johnson] about payment of 
two notes given him by Andrew Montours and his son 
John, favors he has rendered to men of the Six 
Nations, the consideration heretofore paid to the 
" Basket & Broommaking Bandittey " in that province, 
one Hicks, who has voluntarily lived with the savages, 
and the confusion of his evil designs by friendly Indians 
under Johnson's influence ; sent by Capt. Thomas 
McKee. 46 

8 Duncan & Phyn's bill against Sir William Johnson. 47 


John Welles about goods at Niagara, which he wishes 
Johnson to take for the discharge of a bond [8:60], 
stagnation of trade, want of news from [Matthew] 
Wade since his departure and Capt. Lotteridge's debts. 48 

Daniel Horsmanden, expressing thankfulness for aid 
rendered to the restoration of peace and describing a 
tract of land near Connajohaire for which he desires 
a purchaser. 4Q 

Edward Chinn, for the Indian traders in the city and 
government of Montreal, concerning a memorial to 
Gen. Gage and the losses of traders at Michilimakinac. 50 

Daniel Claus, describing the taking up of the hatchet by 
the Caghnawagey, Caneghsadagey and Aughquisasne 
Indians, Gov. Burton and Lieut. Colonels Manswell 
[Maunsell] and Christie being present, and the speeches 
made to stir them, asking the appointment of some one 
in Albany or York to answer drafts, and mentioning a 



New York 






measure to stop the Michilim'c Indians from coming 
to Montreal, the attempts of the merchants who traded 
at the upper posts to obtain compensation for losses, 
apprehensions of new hostilities about Detroit, and 
falsehoods circulated among the Indians by French 
men. 9:51 
May ii [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Gage, asking for a sail- 
Johnson Hall boat to convey him to Oswego, the use of a vessel from 
Oswego to Niagara and a guard of 25 or 30 men, also 
for tents and oilcloths, and suggesting that the Indians 
be permitted hereafter to buy rum at the posts and 
shorten their days as they like with it. 52 
ii George Croghan on the neglect of Indian affairs by the 
London Lords of Trade, neglect of public interests by the 
people in power, Mr Pownall's remissness in pre 
senting Johnson's Indian grant to the Board of Trade, 
the diligence of Mr Allen in representing Johnson's 
services to the government, a proposal of Pownall's for 
creating an office of commissary general of Indian 
affairs, a theory invented by Gen. Amherst to belittle 
the capture of the 41 Delawares [8:181], Sir William 
Beaker's disinclination to use his influence in Johnson's 
behalf, the dismissal of Gen. Conaway and others from 
his Majesty's service, a projected visit to Ireland and 
goods left with Baynton & Warton. 53 
ii John Ellison, inquiring about Gabriel Ellison, lately a 
London captive among the Senecas, and suggesting that this 
man is the writer's brother, who was kidnapped in 
London 10 years before. 54 
ii David Vanderheyden Jun'r, reminding of a letter from 
New York his brother, D[irc]k Vanderheyden. [8:151] 55 

11 [Sir William Johnson] to the Lords of Trade: mentions 
Johnson Hall duplicates of reports which he has sent under an ap 
prehension that the originals were lost when Mr 
Croghan suffered shipwreck [8:169]; details the advan 
tages gained by war parties which he has sent out and 
shows the good effect in the prompt submission of the 
Senecas; and speaks of his coming negotiations with 
the Senecas and western nations at Niagara and a 
policy for promoting a division between them, the prep 
arations of Pondiac for new hostilities, the alarm felt 
by the Delawares and his intention to pursue them fur 
ther, also of provisions for securing Niagara. [Doc. 

rel. to Col Hist. N. Y. 7:624-26] 56 

12 [Sir William Johnson] to J. Kempe, Attorney General, 
Johnson Hall showing the injustice of the Kayaderosseras patent, 

the efforts of interested persons to uphold it, and the 
determined opposition of the Indians, and asking opin 
ion and advice in the matter of defeating that unjust 
claim. 57 



May 12 De Couagne to [Sir William Johnson], an incident at 
Niagara the fort which has disturbed the relations of the sol 

diers with the Ginesse Indians, the difficulty of accom 
modating Indians who visit that post, and the desire of 
the Ottawavs to obtain peace through the intercession 
of the Hurons. 9:58 

12 Israel Horsfield's bill against [William] Darlington for 

goods. 68 

13 Ab'm Mortier, acknowledging a warrant for ^5000 sterl- 
New York mg) inclosing receipts, agreeing to pay ^20oa currency 

to Mr Darlington and answer drafts for the remainder 

and mentioning that he can furnish dollars. 59 

14 Duncan & Phyn's bill against Sir William Johnson. 60 

14 Certificate of Henry Gladwin, commandant, stating that 
Detroit Peter and three other (Mohawks) arrived with letters 

May 6 and left with letters May 14; with a minute of 
articles given them. 6l 

14 Frederick Sigismund Lentz's bill to William Darlington 
New York f O r a purchase of tobacco; receipted. 62 

14 Elizabeth Bend's bill against William Darlington for 

goods. 63 

15 A. M. C. Curot to the commander at Niagara (copy), 
Lac Huron commending the behavior of the savages at Lac Huron 

and la Claire and informing of the capture of four 
English people at Fort de Levi by Indians of Baie de 
quinte, the recovery of two, whom he will convey to 
Montreal, the pacific approaches of the Sauteux and 
the disposition of other tribes. [In French] 64 

15 Francis Wade, offering to supply Indian goods more 
Philadelphia cheaply than New York merchants, asking a few lines 
by Capt. Magee and sending congratulations on the 
safe return of Capt. Johnson. 65 

15 John Glen Jun'r, acknowledging commissions for officers, 
Schonectady mentioning stores which he has sent to Niagara by way 
of Oswego and his failure to obtain tents and asking 
directions about a boat which is to be made for John 
son. 06 
De Couagne about a young Fox chief who complains of 
being enlisted by a deception, John Johnston on the 
same subject. [No date] 67 
15 Elizabeth Naughton's bill against William Darlington for 
New York merchandise and for making flags. 69 

17 [Sir William Johnson] to Mr Rivington about news and 

Johnson Hall reading matter, including A New History of the World 

by Guthrie & Gray, and the bad effect on the Indians 

of the delay of the Connecticut troops. [Doc. Hist. 

N. Y. 2:808; Q, 2:469] 70 



May 17 [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Gage, touching the effects 

Johnson Hall O n friendly Indians of the delay of Col. Bradstreet's 

expedition, the sentiments of the western tribes and the 

Senecas, the machinations of the fugitive Delawares, 

the necessity of attacking the Delawares and Shawanese 

at Muskingum and Scioto plain, the possibility that the 

Cherokees will afford an asylum to the Shawanese, and 

the justice of furnishing a surgeon to the Mohocks. 9:71 

17 Daniel Claus on the departure of 60 Caghnawagey and 

Caghnawa- Aughquisasne warriors, the excuses of the Canegh- 

gey Village s'adageys, Arundax and Alkonkins to avoid going on 

the warpath, Gov. Burton's measures to prevent the 

Michilimakinak and other western Indians from coming 

to Montreal, two parties of friendly Swegachy Indians, 

and the difficulties of Claus's position; inclosing a list 

of chiefs in the Caghnawagey party. 73 

17 Jacob Roome's bill for pipes bought by William Darling- 
New York ton for Sir William Jonston; receipted. 74 

18 William Darlington about a letter forwarded on the 
New York Harriot packet to the Lords of Trade, articles sent in 

charge of Garrit Marselis to the care of S. Stringer, 
and presents from Mrs Darlington; inclosing Mr 
Marsh's receipt. 72 

18 James Phyn about goods sent, goods expected and his 
Schenectady desire to merit continuance of business orders. 75 

18 Duncan & Phyn's bill to Sir William Johnson for goods. 76 

18 [Mr Marsh's] receipt for 1661, us, pd [9:72] to be de- 
New York Hvered for William Darlington to Sir William Johnson. 77 

21 John Glen Ju'r about the boat which is being made for 
Schonectady Johnson and pork which will be sent up on the follow 
ing day. 78 
21 De Couagne to [Sir William Johnson], giving the 
Neagara Seneces' explanation of the killing of a man of the 8oth 
regiment, with accounts of the presence of Shawnous 
and Dilleways in the Ginnesee country, and praising 
Captains Montore and Johnston. 79 

21 Cornelius Glen, regarding a voucher for provisions re- 
Schenectady ceived by Capt. Grant. 80 

22 John Glen Jun'r about pork sent up in charge of John 
Schonectady Hassord and pork and flour sent to replace provisions 

furnished to Capt. Grant 81 

22 Same about Indian goods sent off with Mr Van Eps, 
Schonectady ammunition, transportation for a Seneca squaw, pro 
visions, the delay of Col. Bradstreet's expedition, food 
and lodging for the Caghnawagie Indians and accouter- 
ments for the troop. 82 



May 22 [Sir William Johnson] to Gov. Burton, by Lieut. Donnel- 
Johnson Hall lan, late of the Royal Americans, mentioning the return 
of Capt. Johnson, the destruction of Delaware towns 
and villages by Capt. Montour [24:203] and his prep 
arations to furnish a force of Indians to accompany the 
expedition, and approving Burton's measures to sus 
pend trade with the western Indians and keep them 
away from Montreal. 9 183 

22 [Sir William Johnson] to the Earl of Halifax, describing 
Johnson Hall the effects of recent operations of friendly Indians 
against hostile nations, speaking of the coming con 
ference at Niagara and discussing the true policy in 
Indian affairs. [Doc. rel to Col. Hist. N. Y. 7:632-33] 
24 Col. John Bradstreet, announcing that the Connecticut 
Albany troops will soon arrive and expressing pleasure at the 

prospect of being joined before reaching Oswego by the 
Canada Indians. 85 

24 George Wray about powder and musket shot sent to 
Albany Johnson and ammunition delivered at Montreal, for 

which he has taken Capt. Hare's receipt. 86 

25 James Phyn, notifying of goods sent up and inclosing 
Schenectady invoice, also giving information, brought by Henry 

Hambach, lately " sent Prisoner to the Illinois," of the 
defeat of an army by Indians about 100 miles above 
New Orleans. 87 

25 John Macomb, reminding of an unanswered letter, in 
Albany which he requested a business favor. 88 

25 Duncan & Phyn's invoice of goods sold to Sir William 
Schenectady Johnson. 89 

25 Eliphalet Dyer to the committees of the Susquehanna 
London and Delaware Company on the difficulty of obtaining 

a grant and the restrictions with which a grant must 

be incumbered if obtained. 24:206 

26 Baynton, Wharton & Morgan, inclosing a letter, brought 
Philadelphia by Capt. Hammet from London, and asking payment 

for goods sold for the account of Mr Croghan. 9 :go 

26 [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Gage, saying that he will 
Johnson Hall sen d vouchers for expenditures of his subordinates if 

desired, discussing the expedition, the policy of pun 
ishing the hostile Indians about Scioto and removing 
such as live in the neighborhood of the settlements, 
mentioning a negro, a German and a Delaware in the 
Albany jail, who are likely to be released, and show 
ing that McKee's account should be paid. 91 

27 William Darlington, advising of articles sent up on 
New York Lukas Van Veghter's sloop and shrub sent per Garrit 

Marselis. 92 





May 27 
New York 

J. T. Kempe, acknowledging friendly action in the matter 
of certain costs and mentioning the Kayoderasseras 
patent, and court business which will call him to Al 
bany. 9 :Q3 

Witham Marsh, informing of his arrival, after a seven 
days' passage, from New York, with a servant, a box 
of dollars and a bundle of paper currency, mentioning 
litigation about records, the gout, and offering felicita 
tions on the birth of a granddaughter. 94 

Duncan & Phyn, acknowledging an order for goods and 
promising to " rival the Dutch " in meriting such 
favors. 95 

Lieut. Col. William Eyre, concerning neglect which he 

has suffered from Sir Jeffery [Amherst]. 96 

Col. John Bradstreet, asking that the Indians for the 
expedition may be ordered to Oswego and Niagara, 
and giving assurance of a vigorous forward move 
ment. 97 

P. Silvester, informing that he has been appointed 
by Mr Marsh to officiate for him as town clerk, clerk 
of the peace, etc. and asking Sir William's favor in 
his present incumbency and his hope of being prin 
cipal in case of a vacancy. 98 

Dr Samuel Stringer, mentioning goods from Philadel 
phia and from Mr Darlington [in New York], 
trouble with the quartermaster's understrappers, a 
patient, and a daughter born to Mr and Mrs [Guy] 
Johnson. 99 

Col. John Bradstreet about Indians for his expedition 
and boats for Johnson's journey. 100 

John Glen Jun'r, concerning goods sent and goods to 
be sent up, provisions to be sent to Cognawagie, 
Cherry Valley and Justice Franks for the use of In 
dians, the departure of Capt. Ticc and his company, 
and the coming of the remainder of the Connecticut 
troops. 101 

Capt. Daniel Claus, to inform that messengers of dif 
ferent nations have been dispatched from Canegh- 
sadagey to Michilimakinac, he has rebuked the war 
riors at the former place for refusing to join John 
son and Gov. Burton means to punish those who 
have tampered with their fidelity, Assaregoa is lead 
ing a war party to Oswego, Menards is qualified for 
interpreter, and Claus has drawn in favor of John 
Leake. 14:200 

31 [Sir William Johnson] to Col. Bradstreet, concerning 
Johnson Hall boats for his use and men to accompany him, also 

the Indians for Bradstreet's expedition. 9:102 




New York 













May 31 [Sir William Johnson] to Lieut. Col. William Eyre on 
Johnson Hall the destruction of Delaware settlements along the 
branches of the Susquehanna [24:203], bad results 
of the tardiness of the Connecticut troops, and the 
advantage to public interests of allowing Eyre to 
visit England. 9:103 

June i [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Gage, informing that 
Johnson Hall he has directed the Six Nations to join Col. Brad- 
street at Oswego and Niagara, that 60 Caghnawaga 
Indians have arrived, and that many prisoners have 
been delivered up by Indians, representing good re 
sults which he expects from a conference with the 
Indians at Niagara, asking that an escort be given 
him, orders be given to engineers to run lines at 
Niagara, according to the preliminary articles 
[agreed to by the Senecas, 9:7], and English medals 
be furnished for Indians who now possess French 
medals, and mentioning Lieut. Col. Eyre's desire 
to visit England. 104 

2 John Glen Jun'r about a certificate for Hendrick 
Schonectady Nellis, provisions for two Indians going to Stock- 
bridge, the arrival of the Connecticut troops, bateaux 
for Johnson, and provisions which he sends to Jus 
tice Franks, to Justice Fry for Capt. Wells at Cherry 
Valley and to Cognawagie for the Indians. 105 

2 [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Gage, regarding intelli- 
Johnson Hall gence of French perfidy at Detroit, an answer from 

the Hurons to his message and expenses which he 
is incurring for the public service, partly on his own 
credit. 106 

3 [Sir William Johnson] to Col. Bradstreet, acquaint- 
Johnson Hall ing him with the receipt of despatches from Detroit, 

containing the answer of the Hurons and informa 
tion that many of the Ottawas have retired up the 
Miamis river; and telling of the good behavior of 
the Chenussios toward soldiers sent to their castle 
from Niagara in search of deserters, and of the ar 
rival at that post of Capt. Montour with his Indians. 
[24 1204] 107 

5 Sir William Johnson's account with Duncan & Phyn 
Schenectady 1724, IOS, 4d. IO8 

7 Sir William Johnson's account current with Duncan & 
Schenectady Phyn, from Nov. 26, 1763. 109 

8 John Glen Jun'r, regarding tents, poles etc. and sails 
Schonectady an d oilcloths for the bateaux. 1 10 



June 9 [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Gage, showing his need 
Johnson Hall o f an escort, and the necessity of placating the In 
dians about Detroit by liberality, the correction of 
wrongs and abuses and frequent renewal of engage 
ments, suggesting that Indian trade be confined to 
Oswego, Niagara, Detroit and Fort Pitt, and traders 
be obliged to give bonds for honest dealing, men 
tioning Maj. Loftus's repulse [on the Mississippi], 
suggesting the payment of tribute to the Indians for 
a post in the Illinois country, in accordance with a 
policy pursued toward barbarous African states, and 
announcing that he will set out about the I4th 9:111 

9 [Sir William Johnson] to Lieut. Gov. Golden, advising 
Johnson Hall that trade with Indians be restrained awhile, that 
they may become more sensible of their dependence, 
and then restricted to Oswego, Niagara, Detroit and 
Fort Pitt, under sharp regulation, including a re 
quirement that traders enter into recognizance for 
good behavior. 112 

10 [Sir William Johnson] to Col. Bradstreet, asking for 
Johnson Hall a n escort and showing reasons. 113 

10 Maj. Gen. Thomas Gage's warrant to Abraham 
New York Mortier for payment of 8895, 8s, ii^d New York 

currency to Sir William Johnson on account of 
sundry expenses and presents to Indian nations. 26:23 

11 James Rivington on prospective changes in the British 
New York ministry, Gen. Monckton's expected vindication, dis 
tribution of prize money from the Havana cam 
paign, military changes (with mention of Lord 
Clive), the handsome establishment designed for a 
bishop of Albany, the land tax and stamp duty im 
pending over the colonies, and their distressing con 
dition. 9:114 

12 James Phyn, regarding provisions and sundry articles 
Schenectady which he will send. 115 

14 Lieut. Col. A. Prevost about his petition for land, 
New York under the King's grant, near Kaatt's Kill ; asking John 
son's aid to prove that the Indian title is relin 
quished. On the back, a memorandum in pencil 
concerning Indians apparently written at Niagara. 116 

15 Daniel Claus's account (copy) of the interview between 
Montreal messengers, sent to the Lake Huron nations, and 

Chipway and Skaghquane deputies whom they met at 
Lake Nipisin, and information of the consent of the 
deputies to proceed to Niagara instead of Montreal, 
also of the repentance of the lately hostile Missisagas 
and their surrender of two prisoners. 117 




June 1 8 





[2 9 ] 

July 2 

New York 

New York 

[Sir William Johnson] to Gov. Penn, acknowledging 
letter, approving the Governor's offer of a bounty for 
scalps, discussing the adventures of David Owens 
among the Shawanese and touching on the difficulty 
of holding the Indians in the English interest. 

Sir William Johnson's account with Duncan & Phyn. 

Daniel Clans, describing the difficulty of persuading a 

' party of Ottawas, who had come to Carrillon, to attend 
the congress at Niagara, also the conditions which make 
for peace with the Ottawa nation in spite of Pondiac, 
discussing the character and position of chief Bedan- 
nowan, and of several chiefs at Caneghsadagey, and 
asking aid in obtaining his half pay. 

[Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Gage, reporting the 
movements of Indian parties, the killing of a soldier at 
the carrying place, the accident to an Indian band on 
the road to Fort Schlosser, the sudden death of the 
Redhead, of Onondaga, incidents of French policy in 
the West, and suggesting how the army may coop 
erate with the Indian allies. 

Last will and testament of Witham Marsh, making 
William Johnson, Robert Leake and Peter Silvester 
executors. [Draft; the will is in the office of the Court 
of Appeals and is dated June 29, 1764] 

Bill of Alexander McKee as assistant agent and John 
Meaner as interpreter against the crown ; with Henry 
Bouquet's certificate of correctness. 

[Mr Rivington], giving the finding of the court-martial 
which acquitted Maj. Gen. Robert Monckton of the 
charges brought by Coll in Campbell Esq., and mention 
ing ministerial and military changes in England, the 
passage of a bill extinguishing paper currency in 
America, and the appointment of a new chief justice 
for the province of New York. 

Gerardus Duyckink's bill to William Darlington for 
goods. Also William Ustick's and Tillman Cuyler's 

Tilman Cyler's account of goods bought by William 

[New York?] Darlington. 

New York 


New York 

New York 

William Ustick's account of goods bought by William 

William Darlington about articles sent, by Garrit Mar- 
selis, to the care of Dr Stringer [at Albany], to be 
forwarded to James Fyns [Phyn] in Schenectady and 
thence to Fort Johnson. 

Lieut. Col. William Eyre, regarding his desire to visit 
England, Gen. Gage's contemplation of a conference 
with Indians at Niagara and the governor's trip to 
Albany, and Mr Duncan's interested motives. 














July [10] 





A plan for the regulation of trade and maintenance of 
justice between white men and Indians; with lists of 
tribes in the northern and the southern districts. [Doc. 
rel. to Col Hist. N. Y. 7:637-41] 24:235 

Joseph Tracy to [Sir William Johnson], relating the his 
tory of the dispute between the Mohegans and the 
colony of Connecticut over the lands of the 
former. 208 

George Croghan on the new plan of the Lords of Trade 
for the northern and southern Indian departments, the 
indifference of the ministers excepting Lord Halifax 
toward the Indian service, their jealousy of all Amer 
icans and their purpose to tax the colonies, the new 
regulations to govern purchases of Indian lands, the 
status of Johnson's claim [5:10]* the value of [John] 
Pownal's and his brother's friendship, the chances of 
compensation for losses sustained by traders [24:190, 
December 7; 191, 192, December 12, 1763], the Cayader- 
rasera and Corporation of Albany patents, the appoint 
ment of inspectors of Indian trade, and Mr Allan's 
effort to procure some consideration by the ministry of 
Johnson's services. 9:132 

A conference between Sir William Johnson and Chip- 
pawaes from St Mary's, Lake Superior, who ask re 
sumption of trade and relaxation of the regulation as 
to rum. 24:214 

Proceedings of Sir William Johnson's conference with 

Indians. 207 

9 Opened by several Ottawas of Michilimackinac who 
declare their poverty and recall their kindness to 
the English prisoners the year before [7:112]. 
Sir William commends them, reminds them of a 
reward bestowed and promises to consider their 

10 Onondagas wait on Johnson. Later, Nipissins and 
Ottawas. He asks the latter if they come on 
private affairs or as deputies. They defer their 
business; and are entertained. 

ii Ottawas, Chipeweighs, Christineaux and Nipis 
sins, in conference with Johnson, seek permis 
sion to sell the furs which they have brought, 
and ask for ammunition, rum and other articles; 
they are exhorted to tell the cause of the war; 
and they receive pipes, tobacco and a dram. Sir 
William assures them that resumption of trade 
will depend on cessation of hostilities, but 
promises some immediate relief and gives per 
mission to sell the furs brought along. 


2 3 I 


July 12 A conference with the western Indians in presence of 

the Six Nations and officers of the post. A 
calumet of peace, sent by the Menominys and 
Folsavoins, was smoked. 

13 Sir William Johnson announces to the Ottawas, 

Chipeweighs and Nipissins the military move 
ment against hostile nations and asks who were 
the promoters and what the causes of the out 
break. He promises a present and shows that 
trade depends on the restoration of peace. 
Chipeweigh chiefs proclaim peaceful sentiments. 
Bindanowan, an Ottawa chief, denies knowledge 
of the cause of the war and relates an incident 
of Pondiac's enmity. 

14 A Chipeweigh chief disclaims relation with the hos- 

tiles about Michilimackinac and complicity with 
their acts, offers the service of 18 warriors and 
asks for an interpreter and " strong water." The 
war dance is danced. Sir William dispatches boats 
for 197 Menominays and Ottawaes at the carry 
ing place. 

17 Treaty of Peace, Friendship, and Alliance between 
Niagara his Britannick Majesty and the Huron Indians near 

the Detroit entered into by Sir William Johnson 
Bart, with the Chiefs of the said nation, the former 
guaranteeing a " free, fair and open Trade," and the 
latter ceding land on both sides of the Detroit to 
Lake St Clair. [Draft of 24:210] 

17 A meeting with Menominis from La Bay, at which 

they recite to Johnson their friendly action and ask 
consideration. On the back, a representation of the 
Detroit river. 

18 Treaty between Sir William Johnson and the Hurons 
Niagara o f Detroit, of the same purport as 24:209; with seal 

and signatures. [Doc. rel to Col Hist. N. Y. 7:650-51] 
18 A schedule of equivalents to govern barter of goods 
Niagara for furs; prepared by Sir William Johnson. 

A list of the nations represented at the general meet 
ing at Niagara in July 1764. 

Report by Six Nation messengers of a visit to the 
[Niagara] Chenussios. Message brought by two Chenussios 
to explain delay of their people in coming to 
Niagara. Request of the Chippawaes to strike the 
Senecas, Shawanese and Delawares, with an ac 
count of communications from the Menominis and 
Tawaes [Ottawas]. 










Aug. i 








Information as to prisoners among the Chenussios and 
Delawares, including accounts of Abigail Chapman, 
John Duncan, Eliza Carter, Benjamin Shephard, 
Sarah Carter, Abraham Baldwin and Isera Frim, de 
livered up by the Indians. 

Account of a meeting with Chenussios, with the re 
proaches of Sir William for their disregard of en 
gagements, and their excuses and promises and a 
petition from the Delawares for peace. 

Hugh Boyle's bill against Capt. John Butler. 

Daniel Claus's draft on Sir William Johnson for 200, 
New York currency, in favor of Welles & Wade. 
[Inclosed in 9:148] 

George Croghan to [Sir William Johnson], mention 
ing Dr Brown, chaplain to the Mohocks, by whom 
he sends some presents. 

[Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Gage, stating ap 
prehensions now set at rest by the arrival of the 
Chenussios, cessions made by those Indians, terms 
of agreement with the Delawares, strength and as 
surances of the Indians assembled at Niagara, the 
number that will accompany Col. Bradstreet, 
Pondiac's position, and the only practical policy 
toward the Indians. 

Caleb Graydon's receipt to Alexander McKee for ii6. 






Lieut. John Donnellan, mentioning new appointments 
for the province [of Quebec], also the low state 
of trade, offering to render any possible service in 
London, asking to be favored with news and ad 
vising Sir William to send his son to England for 
a stay of a year or two. 

12 Articles of peace between Col. John Bradstreet and 

Camp on the Shawnese, Delawares, Hurons of Sandusky, and 

Lake Erie the five nations of the Scioto plains, by which the 

Indians agree to the surrender of prisoners, the 

cession of land in their country for the maintenance 

of forts, and joint action against common enemies. 

15 De Couagne, repeating request of Chipwa deputies for 

Niagara free trade, and informing of Col. Browning's order 

for inspection of venison and his statement that 

there are no more provisions to be dealt out to the 

Six Nations. 

15 Thomas Lottridge's draft on Sir William Johnson for 
Niagara 2 oo, ios, 7*/ 2 d in favor of Thomas Walker. In 

dorsed by Walker to the order of Welles & Wade. 
[Inclosed in 9:148] 

9' T 37 










Aug. 15 Sir William Johnson's account with Duncan & Phyn 

3316, iis, ?y 2 d. 9:140 

Duncan & Phyn's bill for rum delivered at Niagara. 22:182 

16 S. B. Hertel to [Sir William Johnson], expressing 
Montreal thankfulness on account of a place given to his son 
and congratulating on the conclusion of a peace. 
[In French] 9 :I 39 

16 Daniel Claus, expressing satisfaction at the result of 
Montreal Johnson's labors at Niagara, mentioning the affairs 
of the Caghnawageys and asking to be relieved of 
the care of Indian matters, and speaking of legal 
action contemplated against Mr Donnellan on ac 
count of his Quebec Delineated, and action begun 
against De Charme [Jean Marie du Charme], a Can 
adian trader who engaged in trade at Michilim'c. 

[9:151] J 4l 

Richard Preston to [Sir William Johnson], thanking 
Johnson for kindness to Achilles Preston, a brother, 
deprived of a lieutenant's commission for a slight 
offense, and asking intervention in his brother's be 
half. 142 
James Phyn, explaining why an order for rum was not 
filled, and offering to make any purchases desired, 
on an intended trip to York. 143 
22 Baynton, Wharton & Morgan, asking reimbursement, 
Philadelphia through New York agent, for money advanced to 
Mr McGee [Kee], Indian deputy, offering to supply 
goods and requesting payment for goods previously 
shipped. Indorsement by Johnson, recording pay 
ment made September 8. 144 

22 [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Gage, mentioning in- 
Johnson Hall disposition occasioned by hardships of the journey 

and discussing his dealings with the Indians at 
Niagara. 145 

23 [Sir William Johnson] to Lieut. Gov. Golden about 
Johnson Hall a survey of land. . 146 

23 [Sir William Johnson] to same on transactions at 
Johnson Hall Niagara and the proper course with Cobus Maybe 

and several other trespassers on Indian lands. 147 

28 Welles & Wade to [Sir William Johnson] about regu- 
Montreal lation of Indian trade, goods lying at Niagara, ac 
counts of the late Capt. Lotteridge, Johnson's draft 
in favor of Mons. Le Charme, and drafts on John 
son by Capt. Claus and Thomas Lotteridge (in 
closed). [Incomplete] 148 
Same, touching Gov. Murray's appointments, the 
petition of Quebec merchants for Indian trade privi 
leges and Mons. Le Charme's illicit trade [9:141] 
at Michilimackinac. [Completion of 9:148] 151 





Aug. 29 [Sir William Johnson] to Lieut. Gov. Burton on re- 
Johnson Hall suits of Congress at Niagara and the right policy 

with Indians. 

30 [Sir William Johnson] to the Earl of Halifax, ex- 
Johnson Hall plaining the value of the Seneca cessions, making " an 
humble offer " to his Majesty of several islands granted 
to himself, and upholding the policy of conciliation 
toward the Indian.s. [Doc. rel. to Col. Hist. N. Y. 
7 1647-48] 

Daniel Claus, concerning a present to the Canadian In 
dians who went to Niagara, Indian criticism of Col. 
Bradstreet's conduct of his expedition, the Nipisinks' 
distrust, the complaint of the Arundax and Skaghquanes 
as to regulations governing travel, injuries suffered by 
" Domestick Indians " from the soldiery, Gov. Murray's 
favoritism and purpose to intrude on Johnson's depart 
ment, the two Du Charmes and the character of the 
offense with which one is charged. [9:141, 151] 
30 [Sir William Johnson] to the Lords of Trade, stating 
Johnson Hall transactions at the Niagara congress, the results, and 
the grounds of a solid peace. [Doc. rel. to Col. Hist. 
N. Y. 7:648-50] 

30 Maj. Alexander Duncan's pass to n Messisagoes to go 
Fort Ontario to Johnson Hall. With a note added September 4 by 
John Luke, of the 55th, regarding the arrival of the 
Indians at Fort Stanwix. 

Edward Cole's bill and receipt to Capt. Howard for I 
barrel of rum. 

William Darlington, applying for appointment to a trad 
ing post. 

Gen. Thomas Gage, acknowledging treaties of peace with 
Hurons and Chenussies, excusing the absence of the 
Sioux from the Niagara congress, and denouncing Col. 
Bradstreet's peace with the Delawares and Shawnese 
as unauthorized and derogatory to the honor of his 
Majesty's arms. [Inclosing 24:217; July 12] 

Abraham Mortier, acknowledging receipt of Gen. Gage's 
warrant in Johnson's favor for 5189 sterling and ex 
plaining arrangements made for paying it. 

Sir William Johnson's account with Abraham Mortier, 
drawn by William Newton. 

Alexander Colden, informing that he has ordered Isaac 
Vrooman to survey Johnson's Indian purchase, in con- 
formance with the directions of the King's Council of 
December 2, 1736. 

De Couagne, reporting inconveniences attending trade at 
the post, and Col. Bradstreet's arrival with his army at 


Sept. i 

New York 

New York 


New York 

New York 

New York 













Sept. 4 
New York 






New York 

New York 

William Darlington, informing that he sends by Guysbert 
Marselis 2500, and two parcels from Rivington, and 
that a draft on Johnson for ico, drawn by Capt. Claus 
and now in the hands of Capt. John Leach, has been 
tendered him; also inviting Capt. Guy Johnson to be 
his guest while in New York. 9:161 

Capt. Pat. Mapother, sending a letter from Mrs Dease, 
Johnson's sister; asking a recommendation to Gov. 
Sharp at Anapolis ; and mentioning that he is heir to 
an estate in Maryland formerly possessed by Gov. 
Talbot. 163 

[Sir William Johnson] to Lieut. Col. William Eyre about 
Hall letters for the Lords of Trade and the Earl of Hali 
fax, which he desires Eyre to take charge of provided 
he can obtain immediate leave to go home. 164 

Daniel Claus, in behalf of a trader who suffered by In 
dian depredations at Michilim'c, and about intended 
intrusions by [Murray's] government on Johnson's de 
partment and the creation of employments for " Cali- 
donian Gentry," also Catholic activity in Canada, and 
his impatience to return to Fort Johnson. 165 

Hugh Eraser to [Sir William Johnson], announcing that 
he is coming to put himself under Sir William's pro 
tection, has married, and hopes to engage in the linen 
industry. 1 66 

Transactions of a congress held by Col. Bradstreet with 
the chiefs of the Ottawas and Chippewas and other na 
tions. Wassong, a Chippewa, also representing the 
Ottawas. speaking on a green belt, ascribes hostilities to 
the old warriors and announces tha* the young chiefs 
will hereafter be in control; and, " on a string of Purple 
and white wampum, painted green and blue," declares 
the pacific purpose of the Miamis. Shamindawa repeats 
the humble terms used by Pondiac to Capt. Morris. 
Col. Bradstreet grants peace on condition that the In 
dians will acknowledge themselves subjects of George 
3, enter into alliance with the English, deliver up 
offenders in the future, surrender prisoners and de 
serters ; and agrees to remove settlers, and pardon 
Pondiac. Subscribed to also by the Hurons, Miamis 
and Poutowattamies. 24 1220 

William Darlington about annoyances arising from his 
attempt to get an accountant for Sir William through 
an intelligence office. 9:167 

J. T. Kempe, recommending John Arthur for employ 
ment as a clerk. 168 

Duncan & Phyn's bill against Sir William Johnson. 169 



Sep* 7-10 Transactions of a congress held by Col. Bradstreet. 
J >etroit 



New York 

New York 

J Detroit 

New York 

Fort Pitt 

Same as 24 1220, but without the Indian signatures. 
Wapacomagat arrives with 90 young Missassagaes. 
The Missassagaes accept the same terms. 

Gilbert Forbes's bill for articles bought by William 

Darlington. 9:170 

Samuel & William Baker's bill [fragment]. 173 

Francis Bassett's bill for articles bought by Mr Darling 
ton. 174 

Col. John Bradstreet, mentioning the peace with the 
Hurons of Sandusky, Shawanes and Delawars, the 
agreement reached with the Outawas, Chipewas and 
other nations, and Capt. Morris's expedition to the 
Illiones accompanied by Thorn King and 13 Indians. 175 

William Darlington about Mr [Johnl Arthur [9:168], 
cash sent in care of Capt. Huyn ana articles that will 
go by the next conveyance. 176 

John Marten's receipt to Alexander McKee for 12. 10:161 

13 John Duncan to [Sir William Johnson], regarding his 
Schenectady account, goods to be furnished, and the need of vigi 
lance in the fur trade. 

1 6 William Darlington, concerning letters intrusted to him, 

and money sent to Johnson, in charge of Capt. Huyn. 

17 Duncan & Phyn's bill against Sir William Johnson 

21, IDS. 
17 Welles & Wade to [Sir William Johnson] about losses on 

Montreal goods at Niagara, the light punishment of Le Charme, 

the trader [9:151, 154], Scotch influence in Canadian 

affairs, Francis Wade's importunity, and the prospects 

of Indian trade. 

17 Daniel Claus about arrears of pay, presents to Indians, 

Montreal accounts, news from home, his farm in Kingsbourgh, a 
meditated buying of white servants or young negroes, 
news from Detroit brought by Commodore Grant, an 
argument with Gov. Burton on expenses of the Indian 
service, a regulation as to Indian hunting, other ill 
treatment, mines on an island of Lake Champlain and 
on Aughquisasne creek, whose existence is made known 
by Indians, Gov. Murray's interference with justice in 
the affair of Du Charm [9:154, 180], a draft, and Mr 
St John, the bearer, who wishes employment and leave 
to trade among the Arundax and Nipisinks. 
17 William Weyman, regarding a delay in the printing of 

New York the Indian prayer book, due to the death of Dr Barclay. 

[Doc. Hist. N. Y. 4:340-41; Q, 4:217] 
17 Stephen Terhune's bill for articles bought by Mr Dar- 

[New York?] Hngton. 











Sept. 17 Isaac Sears's bill for iron bought by Nathan Darlinto. 9:191 

18 Robert Andrews's bill for articles bought by William 
New York Darlington. 172 

18 [Sir William Johnson] to Gov. Bernard, of Massachusets, 
Johnson Hall acknowledging a letter and commending Mr Bennet's 

mission. [5:208; 7:115] 184 

18 Articles of agreement between Francis Rupperd, of Gen. 
Johnson's Bush, and Peter Remsen, of New York, by 
which the former agrees to make and deliver a quantity 
of potash in consideration of certain moneys paid or to 
be paid and the labor of a negro man for the space and 
time of one year, and the parties bind themselves in the 
penal sum of 400. 185 

Francis Wade, relative to a difference concerning goods 
lying at Niagara, and to families that desire to settle 
on Johnson's lands. 187 

John Holt's bill against William Darlington for a Ream 
of fine Cutt Paper i, i2s. 186 

John Duncan to [Sir William Johnson] about goods and 

account. 188 

Invoice of goods bought by William Darlington on 
account of Sir William Johnson and shipped per Brant 
Schovenhoven for Albany 134, is, S^d. 189 

Dirick B. V. Schoonhove's receipt for merchandise 
shipped with him by William Darlington to be delivered 
at Albany. 192 

John Heath's bill for gold buttons ordered by Mr Dar 
lington. 193 

Joseph Drake's bill for articles bought by William Dar 
lington. 171 

Jacobus Montany's bill for dishes bought by [William] 

Darlington. 219 

Address of six chiefs and warriors of the lower Mo 
hawks, protesting against a settlement on the Kaya- 
derossres tract, and Sir William Johnson's promise to 
forward the protest to the Lieutenant Governor. 
[Doc. Hist. N. Y. 2:809-10; Q, 2:469-70] 194 

Duplicate of 9:194. 24:221 

Col. William Browning to [Sir William Johnson], re 
porting a friendly visit by a Chenussio chief. 9:i95 

William Darlington about articles shipped per Brant 

Schovenoven. 196 

[Sir William Johnson] to Lieut. Gov. Golden, conveying 
Johnson Hall the protest [9:194] of the Mohocks touching English 
occupation of the Kayaderosseras tract, discussing 
Indian trade and presenting the request of the new 
grenadier companies and troop of horse for legal es 
tablishment. 197 



New York 



New York 

New York 





New York 




Sept. 23 John Duncan to [Sir William Johnson] about forwarding 
Schenectady letters for Johnson and money which may be sent him 

by Sir William in care of Col. Gladwin. Q:i99 

23 Same to [Sir William Johnson] about goods in stock, 
Schenectady money and Indian trade. 200 

23 John Ormsby about his losses by Indian depredations, 
Philadelphia goods preserved which he will sell, Johnson's family in 

Ireland and the effort to obtain in England, through 
Mr Croghan and Moses Franks, compensation for the 
losses of merchants. n .-128 

24 Col. William Browning, saying that Col. Bradstreet is ex- 
Niagara pected to arrive in three days from Sanduskie, and that 

letters from Bradstreet for Johnson and Gen. Gage will 
be sent in charge of Thomas Wildman to Ontario, 
thence to be forwarded by Capt. Windpress. 9:198 

7 A. Col. William Eyre, telling of the arrival of Capt. Gordon, 
New York Col. Vaughan, Col. Maitland and other officers at 
American posts, and offering to serve Johnson's inter 
ests in the event of a visit to London. 201 
24 William Darlington about Brandt Schovenhoven's delay 
New York m sailing. 202 
[28] List of John Fleming's effects, bought. 203 
28 Duplicate of 203, with superscription to Thomas Penn, 

London. 204 

28 [Witham Marsh], a memorandum suggesting the appoint 

ment of a deputy secretary of Indian affairs, in order 
that the writer may repair his constitution at Ber 
mudas or Bath. 205 

29 Cornelius Glen, sending vouchers for provisions, thank- 
Schenectady J n g Johnson for a lieutenancy in the Albany troop of 

horse and asking directions about a company uniform. 206 
29 An examination before Lieut. Col. Israel Putnam, Maj. 
Peter Daly and Maj. George Le Hunte of Henry Mon- 
teur and John Johnson [Johnston], captains in the 
Indian service, regarding instructions given them by Sir 
William Johnson; held at the camp near the carrying 
place of Sandusky lake. 24:222 

29 A conference between the Wendots of Sandusky and 
Col. Bradstreet, at which the Wendots submit to the 
king of England and agree to remove to a place 36 
miles from Detroit. Also a duplicate of that part of 
24:219 in which the submission of the Missasagaes is 
recorded. 223 

29 Duplicates of that part of 223 relating to the Wendots 

of Sandusky. 224, 225 

Oct. i Lieut. Col. William Eyre, renewing an offer to be of ser- 
NewYork v ice to Sir William in England and presenting him 

with a small tent 9:207 



Oct. i Duncan & Phyn's bill for articles bought by Sir William 
Schenectady Johnson. 9 :2o8 

T Lieut. Gov. Cadwallader Golden, announcing that he is 
New York preparing 1 , by direction of the Lords of Trade, a mes 
sage to the Assembly proposing that the Kayadeross- 
eras patent be vacated, discussing Indian trade, the 
sale of rum, and Johnson's land claim and mentioning 
that the King has made the Connecticut the boundary 
between the provinces of New York and New Hamp 
shire. 209 
3 Testimony of Thomas King, an Oneyda chief, at a court 
Sandusky o f inquiry at the carrying place of Sandusky camp: 
relating the ill treatment of Capt. Morris, of the I7th, 
by the Miamis, together with expressions of hostility 
uttered by those Indians, and their accusation against 
the Senecas. 24 1226 
3 John Duncan about money, which may be sent in care 
Schenectady o f Lieut. Phyn, and the fitness of the latter for some 

post. 9 :2io 

8 William Darlington, concerning letters, goods, tiles and 
New York slates, and Madeira which soured on the journey to 

Niagara. 211 

8 Abram Mortier, in relation to Gen. Gage's warrant in 
New York Johnson's favor. 212 

8 Sir William Johnson's account with Abraham Mortier. 213 

New York 

8 Thomas Brookman's bill for furniture to Sir William 

Johnson. 214 

8 J. Pryor to [William] Darlington, estimating the cost of 

New York covering with tiles and slate. 215 

9 [Sir William Johnson] to Lieut. Gov. Golden, represent- 
Johnson Hall i n g the ill consequences of the Kayaderosseras land 

grant and repeating his statements to the Lords of 
Trade as to the amount of Indian trade in the territory 
under his superintendency, and his advice concerning 
the sale of rum, import duties and commercial regula 
tions, also mentioning trespassers on Indian lands, and 
his own claim. 216 

10 Capt. John Luke, acknowledging a reinforcement, and 
Fort Stanwix mentioning trade with the Oneidas, road improvement, 
Col. Bradstreet and the report of Indian offenses be 
tween Pittsburgh and Detroit. 217 

10 Thomas Brcokman's bill to Sir William Johnson for 

furniture. 218 

13 William Darlington, relative to articles shipped on Garrit 
New York Marselis's sloop, price and quality of wine, and letters 

for England; with invoice. 227 



Oct. 13 Gerrit Merselis's receipt for freight received from Wil- 
New York Ji am Darlington, to be delivered to Sir William Johnson 

or order. 9 1228 

14 Witham Marsh, to say that he is thankful for the appoint- 
Albany ment of a deputy, the mayor refuses to deliver up the 

common council records, and the fees of his Albany 
offices are insignificant. 220 

14 Gen. Thomas Gage to [Sir William Johnson] (private), 
New York criticizing Col. Bradstreet's treaty [24:220] and pre 
dicting new employment for Johnson in mending what 
others put out of order. 221 

15 Mattheus Ernest, to say that the people arriving on the 
New York Beulah had been sold to pay their passage, and that he 

would do his best to obtain settlers for Johnson's 
lands. 222 

15 James Phyn, promising to make good the articles ab- 
Schenectady stracted from a pack sent in care of bateaumen and to 

send wine and beer. 223 

15 Robert Sanders, arranging for the payment of a bond 
Albany executed by Johnson and Wells [John Welles] in 1762 

and mentioning a marked improvement in his health. 224 

15 [Sir William Johnson] to Mr Silvester, concerning debts 
Johnson Hall which he desires to recover and a fine of 300 to be col 
lected of a lieutenant for infraction of the militia act. 15:100 
15 A list of debts, sent by [Sir William Johnson] to Mr 

Silvester for recovery by suit at law. 9:225 

15 Sir William Johnson's account with Duncan & Phyn. 226 

16 Duncan & Phyn's bill for goods bought by Sir William 
Schenectady Johnson. 22Q 

16 [Sir William Johnson] to Lieut. Col. Eyre, acquainting 
Johnson Hall w ith the proposals of the Lords of Trade for putting 

the Indian service on a proper footing, mentioning the 
movements of Colonels Bradstreet and Bouquet and 
Capt. Morris, and thanking Eyre for a tent and a cov 
ered sled. 230 

17 [Sir William Johnson] to J. Watts, approving the use of 
Johnson Hall the German vote to break the power of the Friends in 

Pensilvania, considering the chances of buying lands 
and advising that Mr Napier try to locate near the 
military tract about Lake Champlain. 231 

17 [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Gage, stating certain pro- 
Johnson Hall posals of the Lords of Trade for giving stability to 
Indian relations, and mentioning the arrival of Capt. 
Montgomery with dispatches from Bradstreet, French 
intrigue in the Illinois country, the difficulty of com 
pelling the Senecas to apprehend two Delaware chiefs, 
the probable course of. Delawares and Shawanese in 
Ohio and the expenses of his department 232 


2 4 I 




Oct. 22 James Phyn about letters and newspapers and Mr Dun- 
Schenectady can's intention to visit Johnson Hall. 

23 Welles & Wade, treating of business that concerns John 
son, Mr Sanders, Francis Wade, the late Capt. Lotter- 
idge, Thomas Lotteridge, Capt. Claus and Le Charme 
and advising of a draft on Johnson to the order of 
Samuel Stillwell, Bache & Simson and a draft by Capt. 

Rev. Eleazar Wheelock, saying that the bearers, Mr Kirt- 
land and Joseph Woolley, desire to learn the Mohock 
and Seneca languages and to teach Indian children, 
mentioning Mr Occum, who represents as a missionary 
the Society in Scotland for Propagating Christian 
Knowledge, also the progress of the Lebanon school, 
and Johnson's labors for establishing peace with the 
Indians. [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 4:341-43; Q, 4:217-18! 

Hugh Wallace, mentioning a sleigh left by Col. Eyre for 
Sir William and preferring a request that John Ander 
son, of Hallifax, may be made Indian deputy at St 
John's river in Nova Scotia. 

P. Silvester to [Sir William Johnson], informing that he 
has begun action against certain debtors, making sug 
gestions for a suit against a delinquent in Pensylvania, 
and discussing the case against Dillebagh, who failed to 
go on military duty [7:208, 209; 8:81] and by whom he 
has been retained. 

Francis Wade, expressing pleasure at the continuance of 
good relations notwithstanding his brother [Ferrall's] 
imprudence, asking a remittance and speaking of Ger 
man and Irish immigrants who might be desirable set 
tlers near Johnson Hall. 

Earl of Halifax to Gov. Murray [of Canada], cautioning 
against Chabet [de Joncaire], who proposes to reside 
at Montreal. 

Journal and map of a survey made for Sir William John 
son by Isaac Vrooman of lot 19 in a tract of land 
granted to Francis Harson and others, situate on the 
north side of the Mohaks river in the county of Al- 

William Darlington on the balance of an account, Ma 
deira and port, slate and tile, a servant wanted by John 
son, the Irtter to the Lords of Trade, and Col. 
Croghan's departure. 

Sir William Johnson's account with William Darlington. 

9 '-233 

New York 






New York 




New York 


Lieut. Francis Nartloo, acknowledging a supply of read 
ing matter and asking aid in obtaining satisfaction for 
the loss of 25 sheep driven away from his post by the 









Oct. 20 Hugh Wallace about the sleigh left for Sir William by 
New York Col. Eyre, dissatisfaction with [Col. Bradstreet], and 
a lady and gentleman whom Wallace wishes settled 
near Johnson's home. 9:243 

31 John Meanner's receipt to Alexander McKee for 40, 35, 
[Fort Pitt] 7^ s i x months' pay as Indian interpreter. 10:157 

31 Alexander McKee's receipt to George Croghan for ;8o, 
[Fort Pitt] 75, 2d, Pennsylvania currency, six months' pay as assist 
ant agent. 158 
31 Constantine McMahon, declaring willingness to take into 
Fort Stanwix service a boy named Thomas Cooper recovered from 

the Indians. 9:244 

31 [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Gage (private), showing 
Johnson Hall that the savage nations regard themselves as independ 
ent and never as British subjects. 245 
31 [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Gage, acknowledging a 
Johnson Hall CO py of the treaty of Detroit [24:220], predicting the 
decline of Pondiac's power, discussing the attitude of 
the Delawares and Shawanese and mentioning a divi 
sion of his department into three parts. A postscript 
of November 6 mentions the arrival of five prisoners, 
four from the army and one from the Delawares near 
Chenussio. 246 
Nov. 2 James Phyn to [Sir William Johnson], inquiring as to 
Schenectady the quality of Madeira sent and making a small present 

of stockings and olives. 247 

2 Duncan & Phyn's bill for articles sold to Sir William 
Schenectady Johnson. 248 

[June?] 1763 Petitions of Narragansett Indians and action thereupon 
-Nov. 2,1764 by the General Assembly of Rhode Island. 24:178 


[June?] Petition of 64 Narragansett Indians to Rhode Island 

General Assembly, that their sachem, Thomas Nin- 
igret, may be restrained from further sale of their 

16 Resolution of both houses of Rhodes Island Legisla 
ture that Thomas Ninigret be served with notice to 
attend next session and to refrain from selling 
lands in Narragansett country. 

Memorial of Thomas Ninigrett and 155 other Nar- 
ragansetts, denying charge of petitioners and offer 
ing terms of settlement. 

Aug. 5 Vote of both houses in favor of appointing committee 
to bound Indian lands as a basis of settlement of 
the tribal dispute. 

6 Resolutions of the two houses appointing Joseph Lip- 
pitt, Thomas Church, Job Randall, William Potter 
and John Barker committee to bound Narragansett 



[June] Report of committee to bound Indian lands, explain 

ing dispute between petitioners and memorialists. 
15 Resolution of both houses accepting foregoing report. 
Petition of Ephriam Coheis and Samuel Niles, Nar- 
ragansett Indians, alleging that Thomas Ninigret 
continues to dispose of lands and asking that he be 

15 Resolution of both houses to restrain Thomas Nini 
gret, and refer petition to next session of Assembly. 
Sep';. 14 Resolution of lower house that petition be referred 
to next session, and Thomas Ninigret be cited to 
appear, meanwhile to refrain from sale of land. 
15 Concurrent action of upper house. 

Nov. 2 Resolution referring petition to next session, and re 
straining Thomas Ninigret from selling land. 
Duplicate of part of 24:178. 24:179 

Nov. 3 [Sir William Johnson] to the Lords of Trade, presenting 
Johnson Hall an elaborate review of the Kayaderosseras patent and 
declaring the necessity of righting the wrong which the 
Mohocks have suffered by it. Also showing the danger 
of treating the Indian nations as subjects of Great 
Britain [24:220] and offering suggestions touching the 
reorganization of his department. [Doc. rel. to Col. 
Hist. N. Y. 7:670-75; dated October 30] 9:250 

3 [Sir William Johnson] to Lieut. Gov. Golden, refuting 
Johnson Hall arguments used in the Assembly to sustain the Kay 
aderosseras patent, mentioning the protest of the Cona- 
joharees against the trespass of Cobus Maybee, and 
speaking of his land claim now before the Lords of 
Trade. 251 

3 Francis Wade, sending a small bill and asking a remit- 
Philadelphia tance for the balance of Welles & Wade's account. 10:6 

4 H. Van Schaack to [Sir William Johnson] about Lieut. 
Albany William Lesly's certificate accepted by Johnson for 

payment, power of attorney given Van Schaack by De 
Couagne and Gov. Murray's chagrin at Brig. Burton's 
military appointments in Canada. 9 :253 

6? John Macomb, sending an account. 252 

6 Frey & Buttler, 5 miles up Canosorago creek, about dry 
roots stored at the royal blockhouse, an expectation 
that the Cayoucas and Sinnicas will soon arrive, and 
the business done by the Widow Maginnis in selling 
rum to Indians for their roots. 254 

8 Sir William Johnson to Gen. Gage, exonerating the 
Johnson Hall Seneca nation from suspicion of treachery and distin 
guishing the eastern Six Nations from those of the 
Ohio, considering the temper in which the friendly 
Indians entered on the western campaign and hinting 
at circumstances which altered it. 255 




New York 



Nov. 8 Thomas Mcll worth, acknowledging sympathy in afflic- 
Schenectady tion. 

9 Stephen Debrosses's bill for claret bought by William 
New York Darlington. 

9 John Hansen, acknowledging a letter which was sent to 
London and has followed him to America, announcing 
that he will soon return to England and mentioning 
Peter Hansen, his brother, who proposes to carry on 
business at Albany. 

William Darlington, concerning some presents of which 
Mrs Darlington begs Sir William's acceptance, an 
Indian present received from Johnson, a letter for the 
Lords of Trade to be sent on the Duke of Cumberland, 
claret obtained of Mr Desbrosses and the difficulty of 
obtaining slate and tile. 

Isaac Vrooman, describing the lot which he has surveyed 
Caghenewago f or Johnson [24:227] and experiences with the Indians 

who accompanied him. 

Same to [Sir William Johnson] (postscript), continuing 
the account of his experiences with Indians while sur 

lo-n A conference between Capt. Thomas McKee and In- 
Fort Augusta dians of the Six Nations, Conoys, Nanticokes and 
Muncies relative to peace and surrender of white 

IT John Duncan to [Sir William Johnson], regarding the pay 
Schenectady o f an interpreter, the choice of a mayor, and a license 

which Duncan desires for Indian trade. 
P. Silvester, acknowledging the receipt of 50 in payment 
of Capt. Claus's draft in favor of Holmes & Morrison 
and indorsed to Charles McEvers. 
Robert Leake, acknowledging a favor and expressing 

warm admiration of Johnson's public services. 
Witham Marsh about his trouble with the mayor of 
Albany, his sufferings from gout, Johnson's account 
against Short, Capt. Claus's sister's son just arrived 
from Germany, the death of Attorney General Bordley, 
of Maryland, the appointment of a deputy for Indian 
affairs, and Abraham's speech on the Kayaderosseres 
patent, and advising the publication of the speech in 
the Gazette. 

Thomas Mcll worth, indicating his desire to be clerk if 
Schenectady the town is to be incorporated. 

13 A. C. Cuyler, asking that he may have the office of deputy 
Albany agent of Indian affairs in Canada when it is resigned 

by Capt. Claus. 

14 Cornelius Glen, sending vouchers for provisions. 




New York 

New York 












Nov. 14 Isaac Vrooman, making suggestions for the completion of 
Schonectady Johnson's survey. 

15 Matthew Robinson, presenting the cause of the Narra- 
S. Kingston, ganset tribe against its sachem, Thomas Ninnegret, 
R - L who is selling and leasing its lands. 

15 Matthew Robinson to [Sir William Johnson], statement 
S. Kingston, o f the dispute between the Ninnegret [Narragansett] 
R - * tribe and the sachem, Thomas Ninnegret. 

15 Samuel Niles, Ephraim Coyhies and others of the Narra- 
Rhode Island ganset tribe, petitioning for protection against the 

sachem, who is disposing of the tribal lands. 
Francis Nartloo to Col. Bradstreet, reporting the conduct 
of Indians of Connowaroherry, who have driven a flock 
of sheep away from the post. 

John Duncan about Lieut. Lessly's certificate, license to 
trade, rum and salt to be sent, Mr Mack'h [Mcllworth] 
painting a portrait at Livingston manor and the ex 
pected arrival of the " Great Commander " [Bradstreet]. 
Witham Marsh to [Sir William Johnson], suggesting Col. 
Moore's grandson for deputy Indian secretary, regret 
ting the infirmities which keep him from his duties and 
mentioning Sir James Ware's ethnologic discoveries 
touching the Irish and the English. 

Gw. Banyar, recommending John Moore, a grandson 
o f the late Col. [John] Moore of the Council, for 
deputy secretary of Indian affairs. 
Jacob Goelet, recommending Matthew Lyne for town 
c ierk or some other place. 


1 8 

New York 

New York 


24 1229 




Kattskill c ierk or some other place. 10 


2.) H. Van Schaack, recalling circumstances of a call on Sir 
Albany William, which may help the latter to remember an im 

portant paper delivered to him on that occasion, and 
mentioning money due Van Schaack from De Couagne. n 

21 Welles & Wade to [Sir William Johnson], mentioning 
Montreal business correspondence and asking, in behalf of Cana 

dian merchants, whether New York and Philadelphia 
traders will be allowed to go West in the spring and 
on what footing trade is likely to be reestablished, and 
discoursing on laws regarded as too liberal to French 
Catholics and disagreements between civil and military 
authorities. [10:72] 12 

22 John B. Van Eps to [Sir William Johnson], explaining 
Schinectady that he is not to be blamed for the damage to loaf 

sugar sent up on a bateau. 13 

22 Gerrit Merselis's receipt for goods shipped by William 
New York Darlington for delivery to Sir William Johnson. 14 




Nov. 24 

New York 

New York 

New York 





New York 

New York 

Dec. i 


Remarks by [Sir William Johnson] on the conduct of 
Col. Bradstreet during the campaign of 1764 includ 
ing his harsh and contemptuous treatment of friendly 
Indians, indulgence toward enemies, his advances 
toward Pondiac, framing a treaty in which Indians 
accept the title of British subjects [24:220], failure to 
finish proceedings with the Shawanese or to fight them, 
abandonment of white persons held by Indians and two 
soldiers who were fishing by his orders, the loss of 
stores by wilfully encamping on the lake shore, failure 
to proceed to the Scioto plains, and favoritism toward 
French traders. 24:232' 

William Tongue, inquiring about two certificates for the 
pay of interpreters and asking for a draft on Mr 
Mortier. 10:15 

Witham Marsh, considering illness, " Friend Croghan's " 
shyness, Col. Bradstreet, the Albany county clerkship 
and the deputy secretaryship of Indian affairs, com 
mending John Moore to favor and pronouncing a fer 
vent blessing on Sir William. 16 

William Weyman, transmitting the copy of the Indian 
prayer book left on the death of Dr Barclay and sug 
gesting its revision under Johnson's eye. [Doc. Hist. 
N. Y. 4:343-44; Q, 4:219! 17 

Cornelius Glen, with regard to provisions and vouchers. 18 

John Macomb, regarding a mistake in an account drawn 

up by his son. 19 

Duncan & Phyn's bill for articles sold to Sir William 
Johnson. 20 

James Phyn, acknowledging a draft on Mr Mortier, men 
tioning goods and orders, and unfavorable public com 
ments on a certain [Bradstreet's] campaign. 21 

Hugh Wallace, concerning the state of British politics, 
Bradstreet's campaign, Bouquet's soldierly qualities, and 
Johnson's good intentions toward John Anderson and 
kindness of Mr and Lady Susan OBrian. 22 

William Darlington to [Sir William Johnson] about let 
ters for England which he has forwarded, money which 
will be sent to Johnson by the first safe conveyance, 
goods sent up the river, soldiers' clothes in the New 
York market and books from Rivington which Henry 
Cnyler will bring to Johnson. 23 

Some incidents of Bradstreet's campaign, recorded by 

[Sir William Johnson] for his own perusal. 9:249 

Francis Mackay to [Sir William Johnson], asking that 
he or his brother be made an Indian agent. 10:24 



Dec. i [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Burton, promising to 
Johnson Hall furnish Mr Scott with instructions for acting as Indian 
agent during the absence of Capt. Claus, and to try to 
divert the western Indians from going to Montreal, 
commenting on the consequences likely to flow from 
Bradstreet's campaign and treaties and congratulating 
Burton on a promotion. 10 125 

3 John Leake, advising of a draft, drawn by Capt. Claus, 

New York which is in his hands and asking payment. 26 

4 Swain & Co.'s account, with Col. Henry Bouquet's order 

Fort Pitt for paying it. 165 

4 Samuel Stringer about articles received by him for John- 
Albany S on, articles lost and things which he is forwarding to 

Johnson Hall. 27 

5 John B. Van Eps about sugar lost in transportation and 
Schinectady tne condition of his cellar. 28 

6 [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Gage (private), express- 
Johnson Hall i n g fears lest Col. Bradstreet's retirement will embarrass 

Col. Bouquet and anticipating Bradstreet's defense of 
his campaign by pointing out his mistakes [24:232], par 
ticularly the reliance on a treacherous French pilot, by 
which he lost half his stores, and the straggling retreat ; 
also asking what course should be pursued toward the 
Senecas, mentioning their humanity to soldiers and 
speaking of the supplies which go up the Mississipi to 
the western nations. 35 

6 [Sir William Johnson] to Lieut. Col. Charles Lee, Lon- 

Johnson Hall don, informing that arable land in the province is hard 
to obtain, but the vacating of the fraudulent patent 
between the Mohock and the Hudson [Kayaderosseras] 
will probably lead to the sale of about 200,000 acres by 
the Indians, and showing the failure of Bradstreet's 
undertakings. 36 

6 Francis Wade, concerning business matters and the pos- 

Philadelphia s ible fate of a ship carrying Ferrall Wade and 1300 of 

the writer's property. 37 

6 Hendrick Frey, John Butler and Piter Conyn, seeking a 
Conajohary hearing before commissioners touching the gates with 

which private persons obstruct the highways. 38 

7 John Duncan to [Sir William Johnson] on the remarks 
Schenectady of military gentlemen returning from the campaign 

about the conduct of it, and Mr Duncan's imitation of 
the " Commander in Chief's " grand manner. 33 

7 George McDougall to John Duncan, asking a word to 
New York Johnson in favor of McDougall's appointment to be one 
of the new Indian agents. 



Dec. 9 John Glen Jun'r about provisions for Indians which he 
Schonectady has sent to Barent Vrooman at Cagnawagie. 10:31 

9 John Duncan, saying that Johnson's letters for New York 
Schenectady would go sealed up in the Schenectady bag, and that all 
agree that the " late great Commander in Chief has 
done for himself." 32 

10 Abraham Mortier, to say that he has received the gen- 
New York eral's warrant in Johnson's favor and accepted a bill 
of 1500 in favor of Mr Duncan, and to explain an 
arrangement for remedying a mistake. 30 

10 A printed circular issued by the Society for the Promotion 
New York o f Arts, formed to encourage husbandry and manu 
facture and suppress luxury; inviting correspondence 
and cooperation by the organization of local societies. 
Bearing the signature of Chs. W. Apthorp, Wm. Smith 
Jr, Wal'r Rutherfurd, Jno. Morin Scott and Jas. Duane. 
Woe. Hist, N. Y. 4:344-45; Q, 4:219-20] 39 

11 [Sir William Johnson] to Lieut. Gov. Golden, to acknowl- 
Johnson Hall edge the receipt of a copy of the patent of Kayaderos- 

seras, express contempt for misrepresentations of his 
motives in upholding the dignity of the crown and the 
rights of the Indians, propose to associate John John 
son, Daniel Glaus and Guy Johnson with himself in a 
land grant, call attention to Maybe's trespass and 
schemes like Klock's for taking Indians to England, 
express the opinion that the colonists have " hurt their 
Interest at home by their Impotent Attempts to Intimi 
date the Government at home " and denounce Brad- 
street's treaties with western tribes. 29 
13 De Couagne, to say that the Missasauges are dissatisfied 
Ginausee a t being denied the privilege of buying powder; adding 
that he is sent out by Col. Vaughall [John Vaughan] to 
recover horses that have been stolen. 40 

15 John Constable to [Sir William Johnson], advising prepa- 
Schenectady ration of the children for inoculation and asking about 

the success of a course of medicine ordered for Sir 
William. 41 

16 Daniel Campbell, saying that Collin Andrews has fur- 
Schenectady nished guns and Thomas Berrup " floured serge " to 

Capt. John Butler and Capt Monture has drawn a bill 
on Johnson, and that Campbell has a stock of Indian 
goods, and inclosing an account for sundries advanced 
to Indians by Mr Tarquharson. 45 

16 John Duncan, hoping that communication with the fort 
Schenectady j s reopened and mentioning letters forwarded, the re 
turn of "the great Mr Maunt," the new bridge and a 
visit to be made to Johnson Hall. 46 



Dec. 17 [Sir William Johnson] to Hugh Wallace, exhibiting 
Johnson Hall pleasure at the advancement of "the family of Yorks " 
in British politics and a desire for a union of parties 
in England, contrasting the work of Col. Bouquet in 
the West with the failure and imposition attending 
Bradstreet's, mentioning a present and a coming con 
ference with Indians, his wish to aid Mr O Brien and 
Lady Susan to buy a suitable tract, and also an inclos- 
ure for Col. Eyre [in England]. 10:47 

17 Duncan & Phyn's bill to Sir William Johnson. 48 


17 Witham Marsh, speaking of Johnson's kindness to Mr 

New York Moore, and describing his terrible illness and a feast 

which followed, with observations on the civil law, 

politicians, friend Croghan and an item in the Gazette 

on Mohawk matters. 49 

17 [Sir William Johnson] to Lieut. Col. Eyre, showing 

Johnson Hall Bradstreet's disasters and pretenses, the good results 

of Bouquet's expedition and the advantage derived by 

the Shawanese from trade between New Orleans and 

the western nations. 50 

17 William Darlington, informing that he sends money and 
New York eight bottles of restorative balsam by Henry Cuyler, 

son of Cornelius Cuyler of Albany, and, by Capt. James 
Stevenson, a package of books, mentioning other busi 
ness and sending holiday greetings. 42 

18 John Duncan to [Sir William Johnson] about Youry 
Schenectady Klock's accounts, trade licenses, Bradstreet's chagrin, 

the Schenectady charter and Mr Muckil worth [Mcll- 
worth], who is painting a portrait at Livingston manor. 43 
18 [Sir William Johnson] to Lieut. Gov. Colden, declaring 

Johnson Hall gratification at the achievements of Col. Bouquet, sug 
gesting care in regard to Indian trade licenses granted 
in advance of the new regulations and giving the 
opinion that defeat will follow attempts to abridge the 
royal prerogative and Gen. Gage's establishment in the 
command will put a stop to many people's hopes. 44 

21 John Glen Jun'r about provisions sent eight miles up 

Schonectady the river to Abram Van Antwerpen and pork and 

flour intrusted to the bearer, Frans Schimel, also 

provisions delivered to the Stockbridge and Cog- 

nawagie Indians. 51 

21 Francis Wade, regarding a bill on Abraham Mortier, 

Philadelphia a delay due to the severity of the season in sending 
a servant to Johnson, Capt. Claus's nephew, sent 
with Dr Stringer, Col. Massy's arrival from Dublin, 
trade orders, and the prospect of a stable peace. 52 



Dec. 22 Duncan & Phyn's bill for goods sold to Sir William 

Schenectady Johnson. 10:53 

22 Intelligence received from a Delaware Indian re- 
Fort Pitt garding French trade with the Shawnese and Dela- 

wares and French encouragement. 24:233 

23 Maj. Murray's speech to Andrew, a Huron chief, re 

quiring the influence of his people to compel observ 
ance of engagements by the Shawanese' and giving 
directions for proceeding as soon as the Shawanese 
chiefs are brought to terms. 234 

23 James Phyn, concerning letters and orders for gold 
Schenectady an <i silver lace. . 10:54 

24 John Bradstreet about payment of King and other 
Albany Indians and De Grois's services as interpreter. 55 

24 Hugh Wallace about " scoundrells " who open letters 
New York unlawfully, Col. Bouquett's success, bad accounts of 

the northern expedition, and a fall of snow that 

" makes all idle " in New York city. 56 

25 Cornelius Glen, to say that he has sent provisions and 
Schenectady orders and a voucher, to which he requests John 
son's signature. 57 

26 [Sir William Johnson] to the Lords of Trade on Brad- 
Johnson Hall street's campaign, Bouquet's successful march, the dis 
gust produced in the friendly Indians by the former 
expedition, the false treaty with impostors at L'ance 
aux feuilles, French assistance to the western hos- 
tiles, Pondiac's influence, the superiority of French 
policy toward the Indians and the necessity of a 
movement to gain possession of the Illinois. The in 
terest of the board to obtain Johnson some compensa 
tion for personal losses through connection with 
Indian affairs is asked. [Doc. rel. to Col. Hist. N. Y. 
7:685-89] 58 

27 [Sir William Johnson] to Samuel Bayard, expressing 
Johnson Hall a desire to serve Mr [John] Moore, but observing 

that the post of Indian secretary requires a knowl 
edge of Indian customs and manners such as Capt. 
Johnson, his deputy, possesses. 59 

27 [Sir William Johnson] to Gw. Banyar, explaining the 
Johnson Hall qualifications for the Indian secretaryship, an office 

now intrusted to Guy Johnson, and promising to 
provide a place for Mr Moore when opportunity 
arises. 60 

28 Henry Cuyler, to say that the money intrusted to him 
Albany by William Darlington in New York is now sent on 

to Johnson in care of Mr Smith. 61 


Dec. 29 Robert Peeples, praying that a search may be made 

Shippensburg f or hi s daughter Sarah among the Wyandots, she hav 
ing been carried off by the savages eight years before, 
when three years old. 10:62 

[Capt.] Geo. Etherington, concerning trouble with New 
York merchants over his public accounts, Indians seen 
above Shippinsbourg, the march of three companies 
[of the Royal Americans] to Fort Louden there to join 
three companies of the 42d and march to Fort Pitt, 
subsidence of the Paxton Boys, and Indians left in bar 
racks under care of sergeant and 12 men. [Not dated, 
but evidently written early in 1764] 17:22(1) 

Jan. 3 Hendrick Frey, regarding the survey of Johnson's land 

Canajoharry a t Canajoharry which Frey has performed, the order 
of the commissioners of highways and letters put on 
board the ship York, Capt. Berton, for London. 10:63 

3 Daniel Campbell, asking opportunity to remove any 

Schenectady cause of displeasure and desiring restoration of 

friendship. 65 

3 Duncan & Phyn's bill to Sir William Johnson. 67 

4 [Sir William Johnson] to the committee of correspond- 
Johnson Hall e nce of the Society for the Promotion of Arts, to ex 
press sympathy with the general objects [10:39], make 
a subscription and disavow sympathy with any schemes 
for the annoyance of the mother country. [Doc. Hist. 

N. Y. 4:346-47; Q, 4:220] 64 

5 James Phyn to [Sir William Johnson], acknowledging 
Schenectady an order and sending New Year's compliments. 66 

5 Robert Cullender, Thomas Smallman, Alexander Lowrey, 
Carlisle Levy Trent & Co. and others to Gen. Gage, petitioning 

that he will recommend to Sir William Johnson to ob 
tain from Delawares, Shawnesse, Wayondotts and Ohio 
Senecas reparation for the injuries inflicted on traders 
in 1763. 24:238 

6 John Duncan, concerning Klock's accounts, an accusation 
Schenectady against the Mohawks, arbitrary behavior of " the great, 

little man," correspondence with Gen. Gage about trade 
and the Niagara carrying place, and the clerkship of 
the corporation. 10:68 

6 Peter Hasenclever, commenting on a movement to en- 
New York courage manufactures, the program of the Society for 
the Promotion of Arts [10:39, 64], and holding that the 
true interest of the colonies is in agriculture and 
foreign trade, also asking assistance in consolidating 
his share of the Onida purchase with a previous pur 
chase from Cosby's manor. 69 

2 5 2 



Jan. 8 

Capt. John Johnston, inclosing two packets, notifying 
that Cyuguas and Onandagos will soon visit Johnson 
and sending a message from the Long Coat and the 
Squash Cutter. 10:70 

Rev. T[homas] Brown, speaking of accounts which he has 
settled and appointing a Sunday when he will be at the 
Mohock Castle. [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 4:347; Q, 4:221] 71 

John Welles about an assault on Justice Walker by 
soldiers, following a series of libels against his 
Majesty's justices [10:12], the Governor's removal 
from Quebec to Montreal and Gov. Murray's desire 
to encroach on Johnson's superintendency. 72 

Volckert P. Douw, Jacob H. Ten Eyck and Ab'm Ten 
Broeck about the power to name highway commis 
sioners to fill vacancies. 73 

[Sir William Johnson] to the representatives for the 
Hal1 county of Albany, calling attention to the numerous 
rum shops between Schenectady and the German llatts 
and urging legislation to restrict the number of public 
houses to a few at convenient distances, capable of 
entertaining travelers. 74 

A list of the effects of the late Witham Marsh, taken by 
William Darlington, William Butler and Edward 
Smyth. [10:75; June 29, 1764] 76 

[Sir William Johnson] to Mr Duncan, counseling delay 
Hall i n his scheme for trade at the Niagara carrying place 
and mentioning aspersions by Klock regarding John 
son's survey about Conajoharee. 77 

William Darlington, reporting the death of Witham 

Marsh, Secretary of Indian Affairs. 78 

[Sir William Johnson] to the mayor [and council?] of 
Albany, to acknowledge attention to his recommenda 
tions in the appointment of highway commissioners. 79 

Peter Hasenclever to Gen. Thomas Gage, stating his 
desire to purchase a tract of land from Sir William 
Johnson for a settlement of German farmers. 80 

Capt. J. M. Prevost, inquiring whether a piece of land 
near Coyeman's patent was ever purchased from the 
Indians. [10:123] 81 

John Leake, asking payment of Daniel Claus's draft for 

100. 82 

14 Daniel Campbell, renewing a request for an opportunity 
Schenectady to remove the cause of Johnson's displeasure. 8j* 

14 William Darlington about Witham Marsh's funeral, 
New York orders, money sent in care of Henry Cuyler, Johnson's 
account (inclosed) and the writer's preparations for 
engaging in the Indian trade. 84 







New York 



New York 


New York 

New York 

New York 




Jan. 15 

P. Silvester, signifying a desire to succeed Witham 
Marsh as county [and town] clerk, having already per 
formed the duties as deputy. 10:85 

James MacDonald, asking a recommendation to the Lords 
of Trade for appointment to the place of Secretary of 
Indian Affairs. 86 

Henry Cuyler about money and a small bundle intrusted 
to him by William Darlington for Johnson. 87 

Cornelis Cuyler, proposing his son Philip for Indian 
secretary. 88 

Philip Cuyler to [Sir William Johnson], seeking the post 
of Indian secretary. 89 

Capt. William Howard's account with Marianne La 
Grandeur; receipted. 11:237 

Jacob Sugar about provisions advanced to Scaghticoke 

Indians; sending account and a sworn statement. 10:90 

Orders, at headquarters, for the regulation of trade, care 
and sale of liquors and distribution of presents at posts 
and forts. 91 

[Sir William Johnson] to Gov. Golden, saying that he 
Johnson Hall intends to recommend Mr Shuckburgh for Secretary 
of Indian Affairs, and for clerk has recommended Mr 
Hansen, not knowing that Mr De Lancey desired the 
place. 92 

16 [Sir William Johnson] to the Lords of Trade, urging 
Johnson Hall the creation of additional offices in his department, re 
porting the escape of Indian hostages, recommending 
Mr Richard Shuckburgh for Secretary of Indian 
Affairs and suggesting the appointment of a physician 

for the Indians. [Doc. rel. to Col. Hist. N. Y. 7:694-95] 93 

17 [Sir William Johnson] to Col. Vaughan at Niagara, on 
Johnson Hall the colonel's efforts to restore the good temper of the 

Indians, the unwillingness of most of his Majesty's sub 
jects to cultivate their good will, the reorganization 
of the Indian department and the expediency of selling 
ammunition to the Mississagas. 94 

19 Ab'm Mortier, acknowledging receipts and a warrant, 
inclosing receipts for Johnson's signature and promis 
ing to send up 2000 in good paper by Philip Schuyler. 96 
Sir William Johnson's account with Abraham Mortier. 95 
Hugh Wallace about Indian difficulties, severe weather 
and his purpose to send to Ireland for a harper and 
harp for Johnson Hall. 97 

Michael Byrne, at east end of Oneida lake, informing 
of the unfavorable stories which Col. Nickis, an In 
dian, is telling of Warrahiaga [Johnson] on the al 
leged authority of Col. Croghan; also indicating 
Byrne's desire for a better post. 98 

New York 








New York 


New York 




Jan. 22 [Sir William Johnson] to Lieut. Gov. Golden, concern- 
Johnson Hall ing the appointment of Dr Shuckburgh, the Spanish 
acquirement of New Orleans, French activity in the 
Illinois, the opposition of the " People of the Law in 
this province" to the government, Johnson's grant 
and his slight prospects of relief from care. 10:99 

25 John Kelly, with regard to an unprofitable journey un- 
NewYork dertaken in the hope of being engaged as a clerk at 
Johnson Hall and his present desire to be one of John 
son's tenants. 100 
25 Same, making proposals for renting lands of Sir William 
New York a nd settling inhabitants on them. 101 

29 Daniel Glaus, of travelers [Guy and John Johnson] whom 
Fort Johnson } ie conducted as far as Kenderhook, a mishap to his 

sleigh, Col. Bradstreet's high spirits after receiving a 
communication from home, and a blank deed and mort 
gage from Mr Duncan and a Spanish hammock from 
Mr Roberts. 102 

30 John Geor^ Liebenrood, touching the price of gin- 
London seng, goods shipped to Frey & Buttler, commis 
sions executed for Johnson and the fur trade; in 
closing a list of trees and seeds consigned to 
William Darlington, New York. 103 

30 Duplicate of No. 103. [Fragment] 105 

30 Timothy Woodbridge, apologizing for the rude char- 
Stockbridge acter of the address and petition of the Stock- 
bridge Indians. 10, 

31 P. Silvester to [Sir William Johnson], concerning a 
Albany search for a mortgage on lands sold to Johnson by 

Johannis Vroman, of Caghnawaga, suits committed 
to Silvester, the town and county clerkship [10:85] 
and Mr Marsh's will, which was not signed. 106 

Feb. i J[ohn] Arthur's statement of Abraham Mortiers 

account with [Sir William Johnson]. 107 

2 Sir William Johnson's account with Abraham Mor- 
New York tier. 108 

6 Sir William Johnson's advertisement citing the penalties 
Johnson Hall o f the law for killing deer in January, February, 

March, April, May or June. no 

7 Hugh Scott, ordering payment of 50 to John Jacob 
Montreal Hertell. 112 

n Mercer & Ramsay, asking advice about payment of 
New York Charles Gaultier de Verville, for services as an inter 
preter, certified by Lieut. Gorrell, of the Royal 
Americans, at Fort Edward Augustus. in 

12 Account of articles furnished to an express by Mr 
Boullie and Mr Marsac at Saganah bay; with 
Marsac's receipt to Capt Howard. 11:238 




Feb. 12 L. Perthuis, concerning orders which he has executed, 
Montreal rumors brought by the Indians from the Sault of 
French incursions in the West, and the Indians' sur 
prise at the warlike tenor of Johnson's instructions 
to them. [In French] 10:113 

14 Abraham Yates Jun'r, relative to payment of some 
Albany accounts due to the estates of John Beekman and Mr 

Depaiba. 1 14 

14 [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Gage, regarding the 
Johnson Hall enemies the former has raised up by supporting the 
dignity of the crown and protecting the Indian pos 
sessions against the covetous, also the necessary 
steps for establishing a boundary between the white 
and red men. 115 

14 [Sir William Johnson] to Lieut. Gov. Golden about 
Johnson Hall the new plan for his department, the survey of the 
Conajoharee tract, the draft of a letter [10:109] which 
Golden has written to the Lords of Trade regarding 
that tract, and the threats passing between the Cona 
joharee Indians and the trespasser, Maybee. 116 
Lieut. Gov. Golden to the Lords of Trade, asking 
their influence to obtain a grant to Sir William 
Johnson of the land given him by the Mohawks, for 
which he has paid them considerable sums. [Draft re 
vised by Sir William Johnson] 109 
14 [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Gage (private), con- 
Johnson Hall sidering Mr Hasenclever's proposal [10:80] and ex 
plaining the terms on which land is obtained of 
Johnson by settlers. 117 
14 [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Gage about the killing 
of a Shawanese by a Maryland volunteer, coming 
conferences with Delawares and the Six Nations, 
officers for his department and accounts which he 
will send in. 24:240 
16 Thomas McKee's receipt to Sir William Johnson for 
Carlisle money paid through George Croghan. 10:168 

16 Thomas McKee's account against Sir William John- 
Carlisle son f or sundries given to a party of Mohocks sent to 
join Col. Henry Bouquet; with McKee's receipt for 
the amount, 35, 145, 4d. 170 
16 John Griffiths, recommending Mr Jones as a successor 
Wood Creek to Flood in Johnson's service. 118 
near Fort Anne 

18 James Rivington, forwarding a letter that came on the 
New York ar / O f Halifax packet, speaking of strength which 
the House of Yorke has brought to the ministerial 
party and expressing a hope that the next Parlia 
ment will reverse the destructive measures of the 
old one. 119 



Feb. 18 James Phyn to [Sir William Johnson] about lace for 
Schenectady Johnson, an order for ginseng, Mr Vrooman and a 

survey and "poore Macombe's affairs." 10:120 

18 George Croghan's account for money paid Thomas 

McKee and Croghan's receipt to Johnson. 166 

19 Hendrick Frey, announcing that the Indians have 
Canajoharry reached the Flatts on their way to a meeting and 

inquiring whether he shall entertain them with rum. 121 

19 William Darlington, to express his pleasure at having 
New York entertained Johnson's son and son in law, mention 

prices of Indian corn (35, 4d or 35, 6d per bushel) 
and acknowledge kindness in the matter of engaging 
in Indian trade. 122 

20 [Sir William Johnson] to Capt. Marcus Prevost, de- 
Johnson Hall claring his inability to furnish information about 

land [near Coyeman's Patent] and referring to the 
surveyor general. [10:81] 123 

21 Rev. Samuel Kirtland to the commander at Oswego, 
Kaunaun- conveying the desire of the Senecas to exchange 

dasageah their English prisoners for the Delawares held at 

that post. 124 

22 Duncan & Phyn's account against Sir William Johnson, 

850, sd. 181 

22 [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Gage, considering 
Johnson Hall whether he should treat with the Delawares who 

have arrived or wait for others of their nation and 
sending accounts of officers and rangers. 24:241 

23 John Glen Jun'r about his efforts to transport provi- 
Schonectady sions to Conojoharie and Johnson Hall for Indians. 10:125 

23 John Macomb, informing that he has made an assign- 
Albany ment to John Duncan, Messrs Greg & Cunningham 

and Messrs Hugh and Alexander Wallace. 126 

24 Lieut. H. Congalton, sending a report that 600 Indians 

Fort Stanwix are coming to Johnson to make a speech. 127 

24 John Welles, calling attention to business matters 
Montreal mentioned in his previous communications and 

applying for appointment as a commissary under 

the new plan for regulating trade with the Indians. 128 

25 Lieut. George Phyn, mentioning a story that Shaw- 
Niagara anese and Potowatamies have killed four men of 

the Detroit garrison. 129 

25 Dr Richard Shuckburgh, mentioning the inclination of 
Detroit the Illinois Indians for peace and of the French 

garrison to yield possession to the English, the in 
timidation of Thomas King, Indian, by Pondiac, the 
killing of two soldiers by Poutouotamies, Col. Bou 
quet's notification to Col. Campbell of peace with the 
Delawares and Shawanese, his own desire to exchange 
his surgeon's commission for a place with Johnson, 
and life at Detroit. 130 



Feb. 26 Lieut. Jehu Hay, drawing attention to his desire and 
Detroit readiness for service in Indian affairs. 10:131 

26 [Sir William Johnson] to Col. Burton, mentioning 
Johnson Hall the escape of the Shawanese hostages, the murder 

of a Shawanese to obtain the Maryland bounty for 
scalps, the arrival of the Delaware deputies from the 
Ohio, to be followed by the Susquehanna Delawares, 
the essentials to a lasting Indian peace, complaints 
of the Caghnawagas and Burton's appointment to 
the colonelcy of the 3d regiment of foot. 132 

27 [Sir William Johnson] to Lieut. Gov. Golden (private), 
Johnson Hall inclosing a letter for the council relative to the 

Kayaderosseras patent and opposing the design to 
obtain for Schenectady a charter extending its limits 
to a point near Fort Hunter without the consent of 
interested freeholders. 133 

27 Willem Nelles, Lenerd Helmer and Sefrinnes Dei- 

Canajohary ge rt, asking Johnson to meet the company at the 
house of William Fox to arrange for releases in the 
patent of George Klock and William Nelles. 134 

27 [Sir William Johnson] to Messrs Smith and Ruther- 

Johnson Hall furd, exhibiting pleasure at the information that the 
Society for the Promotion of the Arts [10:39, 64] 
has no purpose to annoy England, discussing the 
low state of agriculture and want of enterprise in 
the Mohock country, also high wages and tippling 
habits, and speaking of his example in the introduc 
tion of seeds, grass and sheep and his labors for the 
settlement of the country. [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 4:348-50; 
Q, 4:221-22] 135 

27 [Sir William Johnson] to Lieut. Gov. Golden, concerning 
Johnson Hall trespassers on Mohock lands who threaten to resist 

ejectment, danger in failing to support the Indians' 
rights and a petition from the Stockbridge Indians re 
garding the Manner of Renslaer. 24:242 

28 Gw. Banyar, asking favorable action on five petitions 
New York for purchase of Indian lands, which have been approved 

by the council. 243 

28 Petition of Narragansett Indians to the Rhode Island 
General Assembly at Newport, inviting attention to 
the disregard by Thomas Ninnegret, their sachem, of the 
Assembly's order restraining him from the sale of 
Indian lands. Followed by assembly orders of June 15, 
1764, September 14 and 15, 1764, and November 2, 1764, 
regarding Thomas Ninnegret and a record of February 
1764, September 14 and 15, 1764, and November 2, 1764, 




Petition of Aphraim Coheis and Samuel Niles, two Nar- 
raganset Indians, to the Rhode Island General As 
sembly, that Thomas Ninigret may be prevented from 
disposing of tribal lands. 24 1239 

Feb. 28 P. Silvester, regarding Johnson's runaway tenant, Joseph 
Albany Cathcart, against whom writs have been issued on be 

half of Johnson and Adam Garlick, and Cathcart's 
desire to settle the suit. 10:136 

Mar. 2 Cornelius Glen, sending vouchers for provisions furnished 
Schenectady Johnson and asking the return of the vouchers. 137 

3 David Golden to John Duncan, informing that the draft 
Fort George o f the Schenectady charter is revised, stating its pro 
visions for appointment or election of officers and say 
ing that the governor (his father) would like sugges 
tions for the nominations which he is to make. 138 

4 Peter Hasenclever about the prospect of successful manu- 
New York facturing in Johnson's neighborhood, his exertions and 

expenditures in building up an iron industry, and the 
manufacturing projects favored by the Society for Arts. 
[10:39, 64, 135] 139 

7 Thomas Robinson, informing of a letter brought by him 
Green Bush from Philadelphia and forwarded to Sir William in 

care of Henry Van Ransiler and beseeching the favor 

of an early reply. 140 

8 Account between Sir William Johnson and the estate of 

David Quackinbush. 141 

9 [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Gage on the conferences 
Johnson Hall to be held with Indians, fears entertained by the Dela- 

wares, evil consequences of the support given to the 
Kayaderosseras fraud, Mr Croghan's expenses, orders 
from the Treasury requiring vouchers from Johnson 
and the inclusion of the Illinois in his department. 24:245 

10 John Duncan to [Sir William Johnson] about business 
Schenecttdy matters, Indian trade, a certain young lady, and Ma- 
comb's misfortune and good character. 10:142 

11 J. T. Kempe, inclosing charges for services to the Indian 

New York department. 24:246 

12 Petition of Pequot Indians in Connecticut that Sir Wil 

liam will relieve them from oppression by their English 
neighbors. 247 

12 [Sir William Johnson] to Hon'ble Mrs Crosby, presenting 
Johnson Hall a statement of her indebtedness to [Oliver] De Lancey 
on a land transaction [5:206, 219], with Mr De 
Lancey's plea for a settlement, and discussing the dis 
position of other Cosby lands. [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 

2:814-15; Q, 2:472-73] 10:143 

12 [Sir William Johnson] to same, extract from 10:143. 144 

Johnson Hall 



Mar. 15 Lieut. Gov. Cadwallader Golden, saying that the Kaya- 
Fort George derosseras patent has been laid before the Plantation 
New York Board in order that it may be vacated by Parliament, 
assuring the Mohawks of his good will and the justice 
of English courts, mentioning his recommendation of a 
parliamentary act to deal with trespass on Indian lands 
and answering the complaint of the Stockbridge In 
dians. 24 1248 

15 Copy, by Gw. Banyar, of proceedings of Council by which 
Fort George his Majesty's Attorney General is ordered to bring a 

New York scire facias against the possessors and claimants of the 

Kayaderosseras patent. 249 

16 Account of sales of two hogsheads of furs consigned by 
London Henry Van Schaack & Co., Albany, to John Goddard, 

London, in the Hope, Capt. Jacobson, from New York. 200 
18 J. Alexander & Co., asking payment of George Croghan's 
New York draft on Johnson for 271 to the order of Lieut. George 

McDougal, indorsed to the present holders. 10:145 

20 Thomas Ninegrett, relating the history of his possession 
Charlestown o f the Narragansett lands and the suits about the lands 

and denying the charges of his enemies. 24:250 

20 Matthew Robinson, considering the action of the General 
S. Kingston, Assembly on the Narraganset lands, charging improper 

K. I. motives against members, detailing incidents of wrong 

doing by Tom, the sachem, craving Johnson's interposi 
tion and mentioning the desire of the Narragansets that 
a Christian school be established among them. 251 

21 [Sir William Johnson] to Lieut. Gov. Colden, discussing 
Johnson Hall the Kayaderosseras patent and the consequences that 

would follow failure to annul it. 252 

21 [Sir William Johnson] to same, mentioning a survey in 
Johnson Hall the hands of Vrooman, the draft of a letter to the Lords 
of Trade in Johnson's behalf [10:109 and 116, February 
14], the Schenectady charter, steps to vacate the Kaya 
derosseras patent and punish trespass on Indian lands 
and " a Scurrilous paper War " waged against Colden. 10:146 

21 Sir William Johnson in account with Duncan & Phyn. 171 

22 Jacob Dyckman, regarding trees and plants in stock, Capt. 
Kings Bridge Johnson's and Capt. Closs' new plantations and animals 

which he will sell. [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 2:816-17; Q, 

2 :474l 147 

22 [Sir William Johnson] to Oliver De Lancey, concerning 
Johnson Hall his relations to the estate of the late Sir Peter Warren 
and the bearing of a late survey of the Caghnawaga 
patent on the Milns tract and certain leases. [Doc. 
Hist. N. Y. 2:815-16; Q, 2:473-74] 148 



Mar. 22 [Sir William Johnson] to Peter Hasenclever, regarding 
Johnson Hall the condition of artisans in the Mohawk country, the 
little town which Johnson is about to " erect," and the 
designs of the Society for the Promotion of Arts. 
[10:39, 64, 135] 10:149 

22 [Sir William Johnson] to Attorney General John T. 
Johnson Hall Kemp, expressing regret that he is unable to defray 
from the Indian funds the costs of action in the cause 
of the Canajoharies [24:246] and mentioning proceed 
ings ordered by the Council against the Kayaderosseras 
patent. 24 :253 

22 [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Gage, concerning the 
Johnson Hall request of traders for a tract in the Ohio country, the 

disposition of the Shawanese, the character of Killbuck, 
the Indians assembled at Onondaga, the Kayaderosseras 
patent, and expenses of his department, about which 
he asks instructions. 254 

23 Rev. Eleazar Wheelock, thanking for kindness to himself 
Lebanon an( l Mr Kirtland, sending an address to the chiefs 

soon to be convened, commending Peter and David, 
recommending two young white men for missionaries 
and three Indians for schoolmasters, mentioning a let 
ter from the Countess of Huntingdon and asking a con 
tinuance of favor toward the Indian school. [Doc. 
Hist. N. Y. 4:350-51; Q, 4:222-23] 10:150 

23 John Glen Jun'r about pork and flour to be left with 
Schonectady Dow Fonda at Cagnawaga. {Doc. Hist. N. Y. 2:817; 

Q, 2:474] 151 

24 Alexander McKee's account and receipt for money due 
Fort Pitt from the Crown for expenses of the Indian department 

at Fort Pitt. 152 

24 Alexander McKee's receipt to George Croghan for 63, 

[Fort Pitt] igs Pennsylvania currency. 154 

24 Malachia Powel's receipt to Alexander McKee for 44, 

[Fort Pitt] iis. 155 

24 John Meanner's receipt to Alexander McKee for 31, 195. 156 
[Fort Pitt] 

24 Joseph Spear's account against the Crown and receipt 
Fort Pitt to Alexander McKee; account certified by Capt. 

William Murray of the 42d. 167 

24 Alexander McKee's account, and receipt in full to Sir 

William Johnson. 169 

24 George Croghan, an order to pay Samuel Wharton 425, 
Fort Pitt 2s, i id Pennsylvania currency (453, 93, lod New 

York), the balance of Alexander McKee's accounts. 173 

26 John Watts to [Sir William Johnson] about land trans- 
New York actions, insinuations of people interested in the Coya- 

deroseras patent and English news. 174 



Mar. 28 William Darlington, giving a list of articles sent, to the 
New York ca re of Dr Stringer [at Albany] and mentioning a busi 
ness call on Mr Mortier. 10:175 
29 Robert Yates on the legality of the proceedings against 
Albany Wilhelmus Dillabach for neglect to turn out with his 

company. ijt 

31 Attorney General J. T. Kempe, to say that he can not 
New York t a k e measures for vacating the patent of Kayaderos- 
seras till furnished with proper information and to 
argue that Johnson has power to pay him for his ser 
vices in suits undertaken for the benefit of the Indian 
department. 177 

Apr. 3 [Sir William Johnson] to J. Ormsby Donnellan, to speak 
Johnson Hall o f Mr Croghan's journey to obtain possession of the 
Illinois, Indian discontent and the unsettled state of 
his department. 178 

3 Henry Holland, saying that he sends by John Van Alen 

New York the wampum desired and has retired from business. 179 

Jean Baptiste Parent and Marie de La Chauvignerie, his 
wife, asking that they may have the preference in giv 
ing liquor to the Indians who are about to come to 
Montreal, as they have been long in the trade, have 
the confidence of Mr Clauss and the Indians and are 
bringing up a young English girl. [In French ; signed, 
lachouignerie paran] 180 

j [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Gage, concerning the 

Johnson Hall relations of the French with the Shawanese, Mr 
Croghan's communications with Pondiac and the 
Twightwys, destruction of goods near Fort Loudoun 
by Paxton rioters and a draft on Johnson given to 
Mr Field. 24 1255 

4 [Sir William Johnson] to George Croghan, informing 
Johnson Hall him of insinuations that he has countenanced the send 
ing of goods to Fort Pitt without the government pass 
and mentioning orders from the Treasury for economy 
in Indian expenses, also the delay in opening trade 

with the Indians. 2*56 

5 Duncan & Phyn's account against Sir William Johnson, 
Schenectady 1691, i6s, 7d. IO:i82 

6 John Welles to [Sir William Johnson] about mishaps 
Montreal to Mr Cuyler's party on the Lakes, a bond, money 

to be remitted to Mr Wade of Philadelphia, drafts 

and Johnson's new house. 183 

8 John Hagerty, tailor, farmer and tavern keeper, answer- 

Nearean j ng an advertisement about Johnson's lands and ex- 

napolis pressing a desire to come to the Mohawk country. 

Forwarded from Philadelphia by P. Franklin. 185 



Apr. 8 [Sir William Johnson] to J. Watts, respecting the 
Johnson Hall slanders of men whose dishonest schemes he opposes, 
the boundaries of Kayaderosseras and of his own 
patent, the council order relative to new grants, con 
ferences with Indians who are on the way, the de 
struction of Indian goods by the Paxtoners [24:255] 
and the disposition of western 1 nations. 10:186 

9 Henry Peckwell, applying for the charge of a school, 
New York which Sir William is about to establish. 187 

10 A title for identifying n 1230, 231, 232 and 233. n 1228 

10 Lieut. Col. John Campbell's certificate touching the serv- 
Detroit ices of Theophile Lamai and assistants as smiths. 

Lemai's receipt, for a promissory note to cover ac 
count, on back of manuscript. 230 
10 Lieut. Col. John Campbell's certificate in favor of Peter 
Detroit Labute as interpreter. Labute's receipt for promissory 

note, on back. 231 

10 Lieut. Col. John Campbell's certificate in favor of 
Detroit Minichesne as interpreter. Minis Chesnes's receipt for 

note, on back. 232 

10 Lieut. Col. John Campbell's certificate in favor of James 
Detroit St Martin as interpreter. St Martin's receipt for 

promissory note, on back of manuscript. 233 

10 Col. John Bradstreet about an account which he wishes 
Albany Johnson to certify. 10:188 

11 John Glen Jun'r about provisions sent to Mr Fonda and 
Schonectady a meditated trip to New York. 189 

12 [Sir William Johnson] to Lieut. Gov. Penn about the de- 
Johnson Hall struction of goods on the road to Fort Pitt [24:255], 

the cowardly work of Pennsylvania's "back inhabit 
ants" [8:50; 24:193] and the coming conference with 
Delawares of Susquehanna. 190 

12 [Sir William Johnso'n] to Gen. Gage, discussing the treas- 
Johnson Hall U ry orders concerning Indian expenses, failure of pro 
ceedings against the Kayaderosseras patent, expenses 
of Col. Bradstreet's expedition, the delay of the 
Six Nations and Delawares in coming to the con 
ference and the preparations for trade ; also mentioning 
the attorney general's bill for costs in defending claims 

of the Conajoharre Indians. 25:1 

13 John Johnston, regarding the accounts of Johney Mon- 
Mohawks tour's father and Capt. Buttler. 10:191 

14 Samuel Wharton, relating a conversation with Mr 
New York Maturin about payment for goods purchased of 

Wharton by Mr Croghan for the service and destroyed 
on the way to Fort Pitt [24:255], showing the need of 
escort for goods and asking a loan or help in obtain 
ing payment. 192, 193 


2 6 3 


Apr. 14 John Macomb, saying that he has surrendered all his 

New York means to his creditors and has been advised to seek 

the place of high sheriff or collector of the port of 

Albany or commissary for Indian affairs ; asking 

counsel. 10:194 

14 H. Van Schaack to [Sir William Johnson], saying that 

Albany ne has received a fat ox from New England, which he 

will send to Schenectady for Johnson, that the stamp 

act has passed the House of Commons and a land tax 

for America has been proposed, showing that the goods 

of licensed traders should be carried across Lake Erie 

in the King's vessels and asking Johnson's* support for 

the proposal. 195 

Mercer & Ramsay about an account certified by Lieut. 
Gorrell at Fort Edward Augustus; with copy of their 
letter of March 25 on same subject. 172 

Gw. Banyar, discussing a number of land grants, including 
the German Flatt patent of 1725, and mentioning the 
stamp duty and an appeal referred to the Board of 
Trade. 196 

J. Alexander & Co., repeating a request far the payment 
of George Croghan's draft to the order of Lieut. George 
McDougal. 197 

William Darlington, mentioning articles sent in charge 
of Volkert Dawse and others to be carried by Guysbert 
Marselis and John Van Allen and commending Henry 
Peckwell as a schoolmaster. [10:187] 198 

F's L'evesque, agreeing to M. Perthui's employment in an 
expedition by Johnson and expressing the hope that 
Perthui will be allowed to look after the interests of 
the writer at Detroit and Michelmakina. [In French] 199 

[Sir William Johnson] to Gov. Fitch, acknowledging the 
Johnson Hall receipt of a copy of the defense of the Governor and 
Company of Connecticut against Gov. Dudley's decree 
and distinguishing between Indian land disputes in long 
settled parts of the country and those that arise else 
where. 200 
1 6 Le che'r Hertel to [Sir William Johnson], expressing 
Montreal gratitude for kindness and mentioning obstructions 

from ice met in crossing the lake. [In French] 201 

1 6 John Welles to [Sir William Johnson] about exactions 
Montreal for passports, Col. Bradstreet's and other military 
expeditions, a petition of merchants at Quebec and 
Montreal for the removal of Gen. Murray and Johnson's 
new settlement. 202 

New York 


New York 

New York 

New York 





Apr. 17 James Rivington, regarding newspapers and other pub- 
New York lications sent to Johnson Hall, a division in the Com 
mons, the King's support of his ministry, decline of 
British trade, preparations of the " Bourbon Compact " 
to renew the war against England, varieties of seeds 
which Rivington is able to furnish and letters which he 
will forward by the Hyde packet for Guy Johnson. 10:203 

18 William Darlington, sending Capt. Ferrall's receipt for 
New York 2003, 5s, 6d, mentioning articles sent or to be sent 

by sloop and advising as to setting out rose and goose 
berry bushes. 204 

19 Hendrick Frey, saying that he will go to New York and 
Canajoharry asking to be favored with the amount due him from 

Johnson. 205 

19 P. Silvester, giving an account of proceedings against 
Albany Catchart and Wasson for debt. 206 

20 [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Gage, announcing that 400 
Johnson Hall Indians are with him and 120 Senecas are on the way, 

besides Cayugas and Delawares with prisoners, and 
mentioning the expense of their entertainment and of 
the Indian expedition with Bradstreet. 25 :2 

21 John Welles, informing that Gov. Murray has appointed 

21 John Welles, informing that Gov. Murray has appointed 

Montreal Capt. John Campbell, of the 27th, agent of Indian 

affairs and mentioning Murray's jealousy of Johnson's 

superintendency. 208 

21 Sir William Johnson's account of pay due to himself and 

Johnson Hall subordinate officers from September 24, 1764, to March 

2 5> 1765; receipted July 12, 1765. 26:24 

23 John Glen Jun'r about his measures for supplying pro- 
Schonectady visions. IO :2O9 

24 [Sir William Johnson] to Lord Holland, concerning Lady 
Johnson Hall Susan and Mr OBrien and extenuating facts about her 

marriage, conditions of land settlement in Albany 
county, calumnies invited by championing the rights of 
Indians, and the coming conference with 800 Indians. 210 
24 William OBrien, asking if a visit from Lady Susan and 
New York himself will be agreeable, and when most so. [10:210] 211 

24 Peter Hasenclever, saying that he is considering a pur- 
New York chase of lands beyond German flats from Oliver 
De Lancy, also touching on the possibility of mining in 
Johnson's neighborhood, the high wages of tradesmen 
and artificers, Frans Rupperts' potash business, and ex 
pressing a hope that England will yet buy her iron and 
hemp in America, and an opinion that the general trade 
balance will be in America's favor. 212 



Apr. 25 [Sir William Johnson] to Capt. William Howard, corn- 
Johnson Hall manding at Michilimackinac, on the new treasury orders 
for curtailment of Indian expenses ; sending a word of 
commendation to Mons'r Cadot. 25 :$ 

26 Articles of agreement between Edward Cole and Henry 
Van Schaack of Albany and Daniel Campbell of Sche- 
nectady, by which Campbell is admitted to a half inter 
est in 92 packs of skins bought in Detroit, lying at 
Niagara and to be consigned to a correspondent in 
London. 4 

26 Petition of the Mohegan Indians to Sir William Johnson, 
Mohegan regarding their suit against the colony of Connecticut 
[10:200], which they are unable longer to prosecute un 
aided. 5 

26 Francis Wade to [Sir William Johnson] on conflicting 
Philadelphia statements about the goods destroyed in going to Fort 

Pitt [24:255], the need of cautioning Mr Croghan 
against permitting illicit trade, goods which he can 
supply and disappointments suffered through the con 
duct of his brother, F. 10:213 

27 Dr Richard Shuckburgh, telling of Indian differences over 
Detroit the origin of the late war, a prisoner's experience among 

the Miamis, the writer's desire to return east, the 

friendliness of Lieut. Stewart, Lieut. Abbott's marriage 

to Miss De Riviere from Montreal and Col. Campbell's 

method with Indian affairs. 214 

27 Capt. Harry Gordon, mentioning the charge against Cro- 

Aibany ghan, of putting the Crown to the expense of 15,000 

for Indian presents, Gordon's defense of him to Brig. 

Bouquet and Johnson's regard for him. 21? 

27 James Sterling, mentioning his marriage to Miss Cuiel- 

Detroit lierrie, sending her compliments and suggesting that he 

be employed in the Indian service. 2i 

27 [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Gage asking for an inquiry 
Johnson Hall j n to Mr Croghan's conduct and praising his past 
course, also reporting the arrival of the Senecas and 
Squash Cutter and Long Coat. 25 :C 

29 Rev. Eleazar Wheelock, introducing David Fowler, who 
Lebanon purposes to teach school and follow agriculture among 

the Onoyadas, and asking a recommendation for Mr 
Kirtland and assistance to obtain English support for 
missionary labor in Johnson's country. [Doc. Hist. 
N. Y. 4:356-58; Q, 4:226-27] 10:217 

29 John Duncan to [Sir William Johnson], introducing Mr 
Schenectady Booth of London and mentioning the suit between Col. 

Bradstreet and the Dutch church. 218 




May i Henry Glass and John Reily, inquiring as to the chances 
Evesham, f or sc hool teaching in Johnson's neighborhood. 10:219 

[N. J.] 


Alex'r Henry's 

bill to Capt. William Howard; with 






Fort Pitt 

10 :220 



Capt. Harry Gordon about Croghan's trouble [10:192, 
213, 215] and the necessity of stopping the mouths of 

Col. Eyre Massy, commending Francis Wade of Philadel 
phia for commercial favors, rather than the Quakers, 
and mentioning Mr Flury and " poor Fenton." 

Chas. McClure's receipt to George Croghan for two 

notes of hand payable to Joseph Spear. 
4 Sir William Johnson in account with Duncan & Phyn. 

4 [Sir William Johnson to Mr OBrien, to say that a visit 
Johnson Hall from Lady Susan and Mr OBrien will give him great 

pleasure and that his curricle will meet them at Albany. 223 

4 [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Gage, sending Mr Cro- 

Johnson Hall ghan's accounts, expressing the hope that Croghan will 

show that he had no interest in Indian trade, avowing 

the belief that the Kayaderosseras fraud will not be 

righted by the common law or lawyers and discussing 

his present negotiations with the Indians concerning 

peace, boundaries and exchange of prisoners. 

6 Mercer & Ramsay about an account certified by Mr Gor- 

New York rell and examined by Col. Robertson. 

6 John Glen Jun'r, regarding provisions to be sent to Mr 
Schonectady Fonda at Cagnawagie. 

6 Henry Basstone, applying for the place of overseer at 
Albany Wood Creek, above Fort Edward, which will be left 

vacant by the return of Mr Jones to Wales. 

7 William Darlington, concerning a letter forwarded by him 
New York to London and articles sent to Johnson Hall in charge 

of Capt. Ferrall. 

7 William Gamble to [Sir William Johnson], saying that 
Albany he has given 30 rations to some Indians going to John 

son Hall and asking if he has acted properly. 

7 [Sir William Johnson] to Lieut. Col. Eyre Massy, 
Johnson Hall touching the agreements just reached with the Indians, 

concessions made by the Delawares, Francis Wade, Mr 
Croghan's purchases for the service, Fenton's troubles 
with the " unCivil Authority " and the regard in which 
Massy is held at Johnson Hall. 229 

8 Thomas Shipboy, asking payment of a draft drawn by 
Albany Hugh Scott at Montreal to the order of John Jacob 

Hertel. 230 






May 8 [Sir William Johnson] to Capt. Gordon, explaining the 
Johnson Hall enmities of which as superintendent of Indian affairs he 
is the object, mentioning the concessions of the Dela- 
wares of Susquehanna and the Senecas of Chenussio 
assembled with him and expressing a desire to be of 
assistance to Gordon. 10:231 

8 Duncan & Phyn to [Sir William Johnson] about Indian 
Schenectady goods. 232 

8 Gen. Thomas Gage, saying that he will discharge John- 
New York son's accounts as soon as he has power, that the mer 
chants discriminate against treasury bills in exchange, 
that the persons who destroyed the goods [near Fort 
Loudoun] have been acquitted, that he is informed 
from Fort Loudoun that the goods belonged to the 
Crown, and that he will examine the charge against 

Mr Croghan. 25:8 

9 Joseph Davenport's bill of lading for Madeira wine con- 
Philadelphia signed by Baynton, Wharton & Morgan to William 

Darlington, New York. 10:253 

10 John McClure's receipt to George Croghan for a bill of 
Fort Pitt ^57, 45, 6d on Philadelphia. 13=159 

12 James Phyn to [Sir William Johnson], sending an ac- 
Schenectady count for sugar and asking permission to employ 

Branahan. 10:233 

12 Samuel Monrow, appealing to Johnson to help him obtain 
New York release from imprisonment incurred by his efforts to 
obtain justice for some Indians who were dispossessed 
of their lands. 23. 

12 William Darlington about articles shipped on Marselis's 

New York sloop, which has been seized. 'f 235 

13 John Glen Jun'r about pork and flour which he sends to 
Schonectady F O rt Hendrick and Cagnawagie. 236 

13 Lieut. B. Roberts, of French machinations among the 
Ontario Miamis, which his knowledge of French will enable 

him to inquire into. 23; 

14 Francis Wade, informing of an attack by backwoodsmen 
Philadelphia O n a party conveying goods to the garrisons, and re 
porting a threat of interference with Johnson's con 
ferences with Indians. 238 

14 Charles Williams, saying that William Cosby's lands can 
New York b e so ld only after legal proceedings to determine his 
sanity and mentioning the writer's sons and the be 
reavement of the admiral [Tyrrell] in the loss of his 
wife. [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 2:817-18; Q, 2: 475] 239 

14 John Johnston about trouble in transportation of supplies 
Conrautt and feeding Indians. 240 




May 1 6 Howard Chinn & Bostwick's bill to Capt. Howard for 
Michillamack- merchandise ; receipted by Henry Bostwick, June 12, 
anac 1765. 11:247 

17 Sir William Johnson's account with Duncan & Phyn. 28 
[17] [Sir William Johnson] to Lieut. Gov. Golden about the 

Johnson Hall uncompleted survey begun by Mr. Vrooman. 10:247 

18 [Sir William Johnson] to the Earl of Hillsborough, ex- 
Johnson Hall plaining the hostilities which beset his department, 

showing the cause of the great landowners' indifference 
to Indian uprisings and vindicating his right to the land 
bestowed by the Indians of Conajohare. 241 

18 H. Van Schaack, presenting a small account and inquiring 

Albany about Mr Leslie's mislaid certificate for 119, 145. 242 

18 John Watts, suggesting that Indians' complaints are often 

New York baseless and the vacating of patents may create a 
dangerous precedent; also introducing Mr Hassen- 
clever and speaking of his industrial enterprises. 
[10:69, 139] 244 

18 [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Gage, regarding the break- 
Johnson Hall i n g U p of the Indian congress and the rumor among 

western nations of the approach of a French army. 25 :g 

19 Lieut. Jehu Hay, applying for a post and speaking of his 
Detroit unremunerated services to the garrison and Indians. 10^245 

20 John Welles, telling of the origin and extent of a fire 
Montreal in Montreal, which has destroyed property worth 

300,000, and of petitions to the King in Parliament and 

the provinces for aid. 246 

20 Dr Richard Shuckburgh, expressing joy at the news that 
Detroit he is to succeed Mr Marsh as Indian secretary at an 

increased salary and relating stories of the warpath, 
including a rumor of Croghan's capture and burning. 248 

20 Alex'r Henry's bill to Capt. William Howard for rum 
Michilimack- for Indians ; receipted. 1 1 :240 


24 [Sir William Johnson] to the Lords of Trade: The 
Johnson Hall slowness of the Shawanese in keeping the engagements 
to Col. Bouquet is attributable to the hope that the 
French will attempt the reconquest of the country. Mr 
Croghan is preparing the way for sending a garrison 
to the Illinois. The Delawares of Ohio have agreed 
to all terms proposed and the Delawares of Susque- 
hanna and the Senecas have given hostages for the ful 
filment of promises. The necessity of a boundary line 
has been brought before the Six Nations ; and the 
Mohawks have engaged the sympathy of the other 
Five Nations in the Kayadarussarus grievance. 
This patent is supported by persons of consequence, 
including the principal lawyers of the province, and its 



supporters are indifferent to the danger to the frontier 
from Indian resentment. An inquiry into land grants 
would create astonishment that a single Indian remains 
in the English interest. His opposition to land frauds 
has exposed him to scurrility and detraction from men 
who aim to restore the old management of Indian 
affairs. He sketches the history of French-Indian 
policy and his own conduct of Indian affairs, shows 
the predominance of French influence at the Illinois, 
tells of the destruction of goods going to Fort Pitt 
and considers plans of gaining control of the 
West, the reorganization of his department and the 
separation of the Indians from the whites by a boundary 
line. [Doc. rel. to Col. Hist. N. Y. 7:711-18] 10:249 

May 24 [Sir William Johnson to the Lords of Trade, duplicate 
Johnson Hall o f first part of no. 249, with addition of a paragraph 
on the dispute between the Mohegans and the colony of 
Connecticut. 250 

24 [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Gage, stating that the Six 
Johnson Hall Nations have taken up the grievance of the Mohawks 

over Kayaderosseras, giving the results of the late 
Indian congress, suggesting that a meeting the fol 
lowing summer to the westward would be advantageous 
and mentioning the difficulty of raising money on treas 
ury bills. 25:10 

25 Duncan & Phyn's bill against Sir William Johnson for 
Schenectady goods 72, IOS, 8d. IO:2SJ 

27 William Darlington, of articles shipped with Lukas Van 
New York Veghten, and others to go with Henry Bogard, fash- 

. ionable furniture which he expects to buy for Sir 
William, an inclosed letter from London and the price 
of corn. 252 

William Darlington's account for articles bought at ven- 

[New York] due. 254 

28 [Sir William Johnson] to Gov. Murray, declining to 
Johnson Hall recognize Murray's appointment of an Indian agent for 

Canada, unless his own territory shall be diminished by 
the plan under the consideration of Parliament, and 
pointing out that Capt. Claus is still deputy for that 
province. 25:1' 

29 [Sir William Johnson] to Maj. Moncrieffe, mentioning 
Johnson Hall the exchange of prisoners under the terms of settle 
ment with the Delawares, promising that Lady Susan 
shall see some Indians when she visits the Hall, con 
demning republican ideas and declaring contempt for 

his enemies. 12 



May 29 [Sir William Johnson] to Lieut. Gov. Golden, concerning 
Johnson Hall the settlement with the Delawares 1 and the Chenussios, 
remonstrances of the Six Nations against the delay of 
justice in the Kayaderosseras fraud, the uncertainty 
of legal justice, the difference between his Indian 
policy and that which it superseded, apprehensions of 
the Oneidas over fraudulent patents. 10 1255 

29 Duplicate of no. 255. 256 

30 Samuel Weiser, to say that Jacob Hochstetler desires to 

know whether his son Christian has been delivered up 

by the Indians. 257 

31 Gov. Golden (extract) to the Lords of Trade, regarding 
[New York] the tract given to Sir William Johnson by the Cono- 

johary tribe after the cession of Canada. [Doc. rel. 
to Col. Hist. N. Y. 7:741-43.] 258 

31 James Rivington about an account with a person at 
[New York] Niagara who is indebted to him, a lottery scheme by 
which he hopes to dispose of some land in Maryland 
and the inflexible attitude of the English ministry 
toward America. 259 

A petition of a number of the late inhabitants of Juniata 
to the Hon. John Penn, Esquire, Lieutenant Governor 
and Commander in Chief of the Province of Penn 
sylvania and counties of New Castle, Kent and Sussex, 
on Delaware, against allowing the Indians now in 
Philadelphia, under the government's protection, to 
settle on the Great Island up Susquehannah. (Copy) 
[Earlier than May 23, see 11:1] 25:46 

June 2 [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Gage, announcing the ap- 
Johnson Hall preaching visit of 20 Ottawas and Chippawas. 13 

3 Gen. Thomas Gage, mentioning the murder of Cherokees 
New York by frontiersmen in Virginia, the western nations and 

Johnson's proposal to treat with them. 14 

3 Matthew Graves, a missionary, begging for relief to the 
New London Narragansett Indians, mentioning the indifference of 
the Rhode Island Assembly and sending a list of 29 
sales of the tribal lands made by the sachem, Thomas 
Ninegret. IS 

3 Same, speaking of a design in England to establish in 
New London America the discipline of the Church " upon its truly 
Apostolic Basis " and asking influence to obtain for him 
appointment as a surrogate and commissary. 16 

5 Peter Hasenclever, offering half the profit from his con- 
Johnson Hall tract with Frans Ruppert, Johnson's tenant, for the 

manufacture of pearlash. 10 '.260 

5 Oliver De Lancey, introducing Lord Adam Gordon, who 
New York i s O n his way to Niagara. [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 2:818-19; 

0, 2:475! 26r 



June 5 John Watts, introducing Lord Adam Gordon, uncle to 

New York the Duke of Gordon. 10:262 

6 Alexander Henry's bill to Capt. William Howard for 30 
Michiiimack- pounds of ball for the Indians; receipted. 11:241 


6 Monbrore's receipt to Capt. William Howard for 16. 242 


6 John Porteous's receipt to Capt. William Howard for 16. 243 

6 [Sir William Johnson] to Brig. Burton on the terms made 
Johnson Hall w ith the Delawares and Senecas, the delay of Parlia 

ment in reorganizing his department, two Mohock lads 
carried to England for exhibition, Mr Croghan's ex 
pedition to the Illinois, the vist from Wabbicommicott 
and other Chipeweighs, and Johnson's reply to Gov. 
Murray's letter touching the Indian agency for Canada 
[25:11] ; also mentioning repairs and additions to John 
son Hall made by his son. 10:263 

7 [Sir William Johnson] to Lieut. Gov. Penn, concerning 
Johnson Hall Col. Croghan's departure, Croghan's exoneration of 

himself, the inexpediency of leaving the Indians at 
the Great Island when a boundary is set, the con 
sequences of indiscriminate revenge against Indians, 
or wrongful occupation of their country, transactions 
with Delawares, Chipeweighs and Shawanese and 
good results expected from the reorganization of his 
department. 11:1 

7 [Sir William Johnson] to Messrs Baynton, Wharton & 
Johnson Hall Morgan [Philadelphia] on Mr Croghan's satisfactory 

explanation, prospects of trade, the unsettled state of 
his department, purchases for Sir William's household, 
his representations to Gov. Penn for the security of 
trade and his arrangement with the Delawares for 
reparation to traders for losses. 2 

8 Ezekiel Solomon's receipt to Capt. William Howard for 



8 John Hansen about the clerkship of the city and county 
Albany o f Albany; inclosing a letter from John Blackburn, 

London, in Hansen's interest, and inquiring whether the 
offices of Albany clerk and Indian secretary are yet 
separated. 3 

8 Duncan & Phyn's bill to Sir William Johnson. 4 

8 William Allen, introducing Mr Ralph Izzard, an English 
Philadelphia gentleman, who possesses a large fortune in Carolina. 6 

10 Deneije's receipt to Capt. William Howard for 12, 245 




June 10 Lieut. Jehu Hay, to express appreciation of an en- 
Detroit couraging letter and to say that Col. Croghan passed 

through Sandusky before May 22. 11:8 

10 John Duncan about goods sent by wagon and an order 
Schenectady inclosed. 9 

10 Sir William Johnson in account with Duncan & Phyn. 10 


10 Duncan & Phyn's bill to Sir William Johnson.- 12 


10 Cornelis Van Veghten's receipt for goods received from 
New York William Darlington to be delivered at Albany for Sir 

William Johnson and Capt. Claus. 177 

11 [Mrs] G. Cosby to [Sir William Johnson] (duplicate), 
Hampton expressing surprise that Mr DeLancey's survey of 

Court the lands bought of her does not agree with the 

records, also a desire that her business affairs in 
America may be closed up. [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 2:819; 
Q, 2:475-76] ii 

11 Alex'r Henry's bill to Capt. William Howard for Indian 
Michilimack- goods; receipted. 246 


12 Pier le Due's receipt to Capt. William Howard for 8. 248 


13 Lieut. Gov. Cadwallader Colden, suggesting that a policy 
Springhill t\ia.t will separate the western nations from the Six 

Nations be pursued, also that the information on which 
the Kayaderosseras patent may be vacated be laid before 
the Attorney General, mentioning a suspicion that the 
Earl of Ilchester, Lord Holland and Mr Upton intend 
to locate the King's grant to them in the lands given 
by the Indians to Johnson, mentioning what he 
has done for Johnson's interest in that tract and advis 
ing him to scorn calumny. 13 

14 Daniel Claus, concerning French intrigue and trade 
Sabbath day among the western nations, impatience of Indian 

point traders, the Montreal fire [10:246], the quarrel between 

Gov. Murray and Gen. Burton and Capt. Ethrington's 
desire to get an Indian employment for his brother. 14 

14 Alex'r Henry's bill to Capt. William Howard for rum 
Michilimack- for Indians ; receipted. 249 


15 Baynton, Wharton & Morgan about wine shipped to Sir 
Philadelphia William, electrical apparatus and seals to be for 
warded, articles for Capt. Closs, Mr Croghan's draft 
in their favor and Johnson's proposal to persuade the 
Six Nations to make some recompense to the traders 

who have suffered by the Indians' breach of faith. 15 



June 16 P. Desreuisseaux's receipt to George Cremche [Croghan] 
Vincenne for 4000 livres ; with account. [In French] 13:161 

1 6 Alex'r Henry's bill to Capt. William Howard for blanket 
Michilimack- an d leggon for the use of the Indians; receipted. 11:250 


17 Robert Lettis Hooper Jun'r to Francis Wade (copy), 
Trenton stating his purpose to visit Sir William Johnson on 

business. 66 

17 S. Kirtland on the unfeeling behavior of the Indians 
Canesedage with whom he lives, the scarcity of provisions, the un 
certainty of the future, Johnson's kindness. [Doc. 

Hist. N. Y. 4:358-59; Q, 4:227128] 16 

18 Alex'r Henry's bill to Capt. William Howard for Indian 
Michilimack- goods ; receipted. 251 


18 Lieut. Col. Reid to Gen. Gage (extract), concerning the 

Fort Pitt murder of a trader by a Seneca. 25:17 

19 [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Gage on the visit and the 
Johnson Hall recent history of Wabbicommicott, the Miamis, Mr 

Croghan's journey to the Illinois, death of Mr Frasier, 
the necessity of checking the frontiersmen if renewal of 
hostilities is to be prevented, his weariness of the strug 
gle with difficulties created by the ignorance and im 
prudence of the people, the three. Delawares in New 
York who are to be exchanged, the distress due to want 
of money for his department, and smallpox among the 
Indians at his house. 18 

19 Peter Hasenclever, mentioning hemp seed intended for 
New York j. g. y an JZbst [Eps] and Johnson, goods for Frans 

Ruppert, production of pearlash, and gentlemen who 

will visit Johnson. 11:17 

20 Francis Wade about Robert Lettis Hooper, who comes 
Philadelphia to look at Johnson's lands, with a view of putting 20 

families on them. 18 

20 [Sir William Johnson] to Lieut. Gov. Colden, concerning 
Johnson Hall the Indians who have been returned from England, a 
talk about land with Lady Susan and Mr OBrien, a 
tract that may be bought of the Oneidas, Colden's ad 
vocacy of Johnson's claim with the Board of Trade 
[10:109, 258], news from Fort Pitt and the surrender of 
prisoners by Senecas and Delawares. 19 

20 Sukkianggwaraghtace, warning Johnson against two In- 
Seneca Lake dians who are coming down with bad news ; interpreted 

by S. Kirtland. 21 

20 Sir William Johnson's receipt for 959, 195, 6d sterling, 
Johnson Hall received of Maj. Gen. Thomas Gage by the hands of 

Gabriel Maturin. 26:25 




June 21 John Glen Jun'r about provisions sent in charge of An- 
Schonectady dries Wimple. 



New York 

New York 

Joh's Vanderheyden, praising Johnson's benefactions and 
pleading for the liberty of Joh's Ice [John Ece]. 

William Darlington about business instructions; in 
closing the resolves of the Virginia Assembly. 

Peter Hasenclever, saying that he has bought a fine ship 
and sending word to Frans Ruppert about a shipment 
of potash. 

25 John Morin Scott, mentioning a claim against the 
Albany estate of [Witham] Marsh and asking Johnson to 

qualify as executor. 

26 [Sir William Johnson] to Alexander Golden, describing 
Johnson Hall the course of Mr Vrooman's survey of the Mohawk 

grant to Johnson and inquiring about the course of 
the rear line as completed by Golden. 

26 Peter Shryner's account of articles furnished to Lieut. 
Fort Erie John Wynne for destitute Indians ; with certificate of 

Robert Moore and Shryner. 

26 [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Gage, regarding prison- 
Johnson Hall ers delivered up by the Senecas, the approach of Shaw- 
anese and Mingo deputies, scarcity of food among the 
Six Nations, messages for the western tribes intrusted 
to Wabbicommicott and the death of Mr Eraser. 
29 Lieut. Col. Eyre Massy, mentioning Capt. Campbe[ll?]'s 
Montreal ambition, attempts from Montreal to stir up the In 
dians at Michilamacinak, the behavior of the 46th on 
July 24, 1759 [at Niagara], the dispute between Gen. 
Burton and Gov. [Murray], Guy Johnson's jollity. 

29 Alex'r Henry's receipted bill to Capt. William Howard 
Michilimack- for Indian goods. 


30 Thomas Russell's receipt to Capt. William Howard for 

Michilimack- $ f 75, 6d. 







30 Pierre Eneas Dubois's receipt to Capt. William Howard 
Michilimak- for {.2$, 6s, 8d. 254 


30 John Porteous's receipt to Capt. Will. Howard for 40. . 255 


30 Sejourne's receipt to Capt. William Howard for 7, 95, 

Michilimak- > 

30 Capt. William Howard's account of articles bought for 
Michilimak- t he use of the Crown. 257 




July i Capt. William Howard's account of sundries furnished 

Michilimak- to Indians; with the certificate of officers. 11:235 


1 William OBrien to [Sir William Johnson] about his 
New York return to New York, letters, prints, a promised visit to 

America by the Duke of York and a possible visit to 
England by Mr Johnson. 29 

2 Sir William Johnson's account with Duncan & Phyn. 30 

2 John Christie, concerning Indian prisoners sent to John- 
Albany sorij anc } Ece, now in jail, who formerly lived among 

the Senicas. 31 

2 [Sir William JohnsonI to Capt. Howard on restrictions 
Johnson Hall o f Indian trade, Mr Croghan's mission to the Illinois, 

French traders at Michilimackinac and peace with the 
Shawanese, Delawares and Mingoes. 25 :2i 

3 James Phyn about business orders. 11:32 

3 Daniel Claus, regarding an interview with Gen. Burton, 
Montreal Gov. Murray's appointment of Capt. Campbell as Indian 

agent, the character of Murray, Pondiac's activity, 
French machinations, Chabert's proposed trip, a deputa 
tion of Caghnawagey and St Francis chiefs to Johnson, 
the disposition of the Canadian tribes, the scarcity of 
money, Claus's household affairs and a suitable assist 
ant Indian agent. 33 

4 James Phyn, mentioning an invoice inclosed, a packet ex- 
Schenectady pected, a merchantman arrived and the departure of 

Lord Adam Gordon and Col. Vaughan for Detroit. 34 

5 [Sir William Johnson] to Lieut. Gov. Colden, mentioning 
Johnson Hall the surrender of 69 prisoners by Indians, his efforts to 

alienate the western nations from the Six Nations and 

the other Iroquois from the Senecas, information 

secured against Kayaderosseras and a mistake in a 

patent lying back of the German flatts. 35 

5 Lisette Desmusaux to Monsieur Les Cononelle Jasont 

SauxSt Louis [Johnson], concerning trade and the [government] 

regulations. [In French] 36 

5 [Sir William Johnson] to Peter Hasenclever about hemp 
Johnson Hall seed and potash and renewed transactipns with Indians. 37 

5 [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Gage on a quarrel be- 
Johnson Hall tween the Creeks and Choctaws, the new plan for the 

Indian department, new proceedings, communications 
to the western nations, and the needless insult to 
Pondiac the year before. 25 :22 

6 Petrus Bogardus to [Sir William Johnson] about an old 
Fiskffls account for service to the department, which was left 

with Sybrant G. Van Schaick. 11:38 



July 7 Baynton, Wharton & Morgan on the opening of trade, 
New York Mr Croghan's drafts in their favor, reconstruction of 
Johnson's department, Mr Frazier's and Mr Croghan's 
expeditions, a seal and electrical apparatus to be for 
warded by Darlington, Johnson's efforts to procure 
reparation from the Indians for depredations against 
traders and a letter from Surveyor General Lukens. 11:39 
10 [Sir William Johnson] to John Morin Scott, renouncing 
Johnson Hall the administration of the estate of the late Mr Marsh, 
because of the pressure of business. [Erroneously 
dated June 10] 7 

10 William Darlington, regarding articles received from 
New York Baynton, Wharton and Morgan, his method of securing 
delivery of articles shipped, and "a West India Bird 
called a Filimingo." 40 

10 Cornelis Van Veghten's receipt for articles received of 
New York William Darlington, to be delivered to Mr Byrns at 

Albany for Capt. Claus and Sir William Johnson. 41 

10 Robert Leake, regretting his inability to serve Messrs 
New York Byrne & Frazer and sympathizing with Johnson in 

troubles and perplexities. 42 

n John Christie about prisoners sent to Gen. [Gage]. 44 


11 [Sir William Johnson] to William OBrien, repeating 
Johnson HaTi that the land on the Mohawk is granted to Johnson, 

and the King could not consistently give away Indian 
lands, also considering a suggestion that his son visit 
England. 45 

ii Daniel Clans, concerning Gen. Murray's remarks on the 
Montreal p j an f or Indian affairs sent over bby the Lords of 
Trade, trade at Michilimakinac with Hudsons Bay 
Indians, trouble with an Indian at St Jeans, Col. Van- 
derheyden's losses, the acquittal of the men tried for 
the Walker affair [10:12, 72], the withholding of trade 
privileges from Chabert Joncair, and the mirth of a 
surveyor general of customs at colonial interference 
with his Majesty's customs. 46 

14 [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Burton, mentioning inter- 
Johnson Hall preter Perthuis's prejudices, delivery of prisoners by 

Indians ahd peace with the Shawanese and Mingos. 47 

14 Dr Richard Shuckburgh on new reports of Croghan's 
Detroit assassination, Indian desire for trade, French mis 

representations and the superiority of the Illinois 
French to the French at Detroit. 48 

14 Meeting, at Brocks, of the proprietors of Kayderos- 
seras patent, at which they consent to surrender the 
western part to secure a settlement with the In 
dians. [11:51, 533 54 






New York 



New York 


July 16 John Duncan, concerning expected mail. 

John Liotard & Giles Godin's account of sales and net 
proceeds of 121 beaver skins and other furs sent 
from New York for the account of H. Van Schaack 
of Albany. 

Daniel Vealars's account of sales of beaver skins sold for 
Henry Van Schaack of Albany. 

Duncan & Phyn's bill for goods sold to Sir William 
Schenectady Johnson. 

22 John Beekman, Adrian Renaudet, Benjamin Kissam, 
Adr'n Btncker Jun'r and Antho. Van Dam, offering 
for the Kayderosseras patentees to surrender the 
west part of the patent to the Indians. [11:54] 

Duplicate of no. 51. 

Lieut. Gov. Francis Fauquier, asking that the Cherokees 
be helped in their effort to make peace with the northern 

Copy of no. 25, in another hand and with date wrongly 
given as June. 

James MacDonald to [Sir William Johnson], sending 
a historical account from Ensign Hutchens of Col. 
a i Bouquet's expedition in 1764; also news that Capt. 
Sterling with 102 men has embarked at Fort Pitt for 
the Illinois in consequence of Croghan's negotia 
tions; and complaining of obstacles to his patent of 
10,000 acres in Ulster county. 

25 [Sir William Johnson] to Lord Adam Gordon, ac- 
Johnson Hall knowledging an invitation to Sir William's son to 
accompany Lord Gordon to England. 

Richard Shuckburgh on Col. Crogan's adventure and 
casualties, his own readiness to resign in Dr An- 
toine's favor and the inclination of the Indians for 

25 [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Gage on his illness, 
Johnson Hall the treaty with the Delawares, Shawanese etc., in 
telligence obtained by Capt. Howard at Michili- 
mackinac of French intrigue among the Ottawas, 
like information obtained by Capt. Claus, Lieut. 
Frasier's escape, a deputation of Caghnawagas, 
Chabert Joncair's influence among the Indians and 
the distress of the Six .Nations through a failure 
of crops. 

Thomas Flood about his wanderings, the condition of 
Ireland, old friends, etc. 

Jon. McTavish's petition to the Lieutenant Governor 
and Council of New York for consideration in the 













[Scotland] bestowal of lands on reduced officers who have 
served in America. 




July 29 Sir William Johnson to Daniel Claus, mentioning the 
Johnson Hall visit of Coghnawageys and hinting that they should 
have been kept at home and mentioning letters from 
Michilimackinac. 25:27 

29 Mon'r Marsac's account to Lieut. Col. Campbell of 
Detroit his proceedings among 1 the upper western nations 

under instructions from Monsieur Brastrek [Brad- 
street] and the commander at Missilimaquinac [in 
French]; also, in English, a speech to 18 chiefs, 
with their response. 24:257 

30 Mercer & Ramsay, asking about Lieut. Gorrell's cer- 
New York tificate, held by them, which they understand John 
son is at liberty to pay. n:59 

30 Sir William Johnson's account with William Darling- 
New York ton. 60 

31 William Darlington about money received of Gen. 
New York Gage for Johnson, money sent up in charge of 

Guysbert Marselis, an inclosed account, lead for roof 
ing, servants, Dr Stringer's letter, and goods sent 
to Albany. 61 

[Sir William Johnson] to the Lords of Trade on late 

Johnson Hall proceedings with Indians, surrender of prisoners at 
Fort Pitt, Croghan's expedition, Lieut. Frasier's venture 
and probable fate, lawless behavior of frontiersmen of 
Pennsylvania, Maryland, Virginia and Carolina, his 
messages to Pondiac and other western Indians, French 
influence over Pondiac, the prevalence of absurd opin 
ions touching Indian management, the danger of an un 
friendly Indian policy, Croghan's reported success at 
the Illinois and the unsettled state of the department. 
[Doc. rel. to Col. Hist. N. Y. 7:746-49] 43 

[Sir William Johnson] to the traders at Michili- 

Johnson Hall mackinac, showing the difficulty of granting their re 
quest to be allowed to trade away from the posts. 25:28 
Aug. i Capt. Daniel Claus on Perthuis's quick journey from 

Montreal Fort Johnson to Montreal, preparations to honor 
Lord Adam Gordon, conferences with Indians and 
Claus's efforts to keep them from Montreal, the de 
sire of the St Francis Indians for a priest and the 
anxiety of those at Misisqui over their lands, a 
Chipeway complaint, military jealousy of the pro 
posal to appoint Indian commissaries, condition of 
the Chipeways who took Michilinrc, the reason 
given by Canada Indians for going to Johnson, 
Perthuis's praise of Johnson, his disposition, a draft 
and some accounts. 11:62 






New York 


Aug. 2 Indenture between Richard Askew and Con [nor] 
3 Lieut. Col. John Campbell's account against Sir Wil- 
Rorke, by which the latter enters into service to the 
former for four years in America; assigned Novem 
ber 10 to Sir William Johnston. 11:63 
liam Johnson for sums paid to Indian interpreters 
and smiths; with authorization to Hugh Wallace to 
receive the money. 227 

Francis Wade, touching Mr Hooper and Johnson's 
lands, the slaughter of Mr Fraizor and his party by 
Pondiac, goods which Wade has in stock, a medi 
tated journey to Cannada and call at Johnson Hall 
and bad consequences of the " Stamp'd Act." [In 
closing 11:66, June 17] 65 

Col. John Campbell to [Sir William Johnson] on ac 
counts for payment of interpreters and gunsmiths 
and his troubles from unpaid claims at the post. 67 

Peter Hasenclever about Johnson's labors, his own 
shipments of provisions and pearlash, his iron 
works, the attitude of the province toward German 
immigrants, Ruppert's potash enterprise [10:260], 
Mr Allen's and Mr Yzard's visit to Montreal, the 
state of English politics, the necessity of submis 
sion to the stamp duty, the need of a bounty on ex 
ports of American iron and the assay of a piece of 
lead given by Johnson. 68 

Frederik Hambach, reciting experiences in the army 
and among western Indians and asking to be con 
sidered for the place of commissary. 69 

Stephen Forman, seeking payment for a slave who ran 
away from Johnson, was sold to Forman under the 
laws of Connecticut and afterward came into John 
son's possession again. 70 
7 Duncan & Phyn's bill to Sir William Johnson. 71 

9 [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Gage, mentioning the 
Johnson Hall delay of letters at the Albany postoffice, arguing that 
he should choose the commissaries for the Indian 
service, laying before the general the memorial of 
the Michilimackinac traders and repeating the rumor 
that troops had followed Croghan to take possession 
of the Illinois country. 25:29 

Francis Wade, transmitting a report, from Fort Pitt, 
that Mr Crogham and his party are taken by Indians, n 172 



New York 




10 Harry Gordon, mentioning an intended journey to re- 
Schenectady pa i r the western forts, the delivery of Lieut. Fraser 
to Pondiac, Crawford's observation of French trade 
and intrigue in the Illinois country, a purchase, in 
which Gordon is concerned with Croghan, in the 
Susquehanna Manor, Babies's account at Detroit, 
Marsac's [24:257] deserts and changes in the British 
ministry. n 73 

12 William Darlington, concerning an advertisement 
New York which has appeared in Weyman's paper and Game's 
Mercury and will be inserted in Holt's Gazette and be 
published in Philadelphia. 74 

12 Lieut. Col. Roger Morris to [Sir William Johnson], 
New York stating the facts of a dispute with Samuel Monroe, 
guardian of Daniel Nimham, an Indian, relative to 
land in Dutchess county patented to Adolph Philipse, 
and sending proceedings of the Lieutenant Governor 
and Council. 25 -30 

12 J. T. Kempe, Attorney General, transmitting an 
New York opinion as to the validity of the Kayaderosseras 
patent and asking to be supplied with information re 
quisite for proceeding agairrst it. 31 
14 F. Joliette to Thomas Walker, complaining of ill usage 
Mirhilimack- f rO m the commandant. 34 

14 [Sir William Johnson] to Lieut. Gov. Colden, draw- 
Johnson Hall i n g attention to a tract of 2000 acres near the Ger 
man flatts, desired for Captain Johnson, also a mat 
ter of boundary in Governeurs patent and Lieut. 
Fraser's desire for a land grant, and giving news of 
Croghan's adventure with Kickapous and Mascoutins. n:75 

15 James Phyn, sending De Couagne's draft on Mr 
Schenectady Buttler in favor of Boyle. 76 

16 John Hansen, explaining a financial difficulty misrep- 
Albany resented by John Glen Jun'r and Isaac Low and men 
tioning two men of high station in England who 
support his candidacy for the clerkship of Albany 

city and county. 77 

16 Sir William Johnson to Peter Hasenclever, telling of 

Johnson Hall Croghan's adventure with Kickapous and Mas 
coutins, the submission of these Indians, an accident 
to Rupert and preparations for making pearlash. 78 

16 [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Gage, describing the 

Johnson Hall embarrassments due to the unsettled state of his de 
partment and want of funds, sending an account of 
disbursements, giving news of Croghan's expedition 
and advising a proper reception of the Illinois if 
they come to Detroit. 32 



Aug. 16 Lieut. Aug. Prevost, seeking to know the facts of Mr 
Albany Croghan's misfortune among the western savages. H'79 

16 Daniel Claus about trouble in dealing with the Caghna- 
Montreal wageys, the services of Perthuis and Claus's landlord 

as interpreters and Lord Gordon's visit to Canada. So 

17 Sir William Johnson to Daniel Claus, inclosing a copy of 

Croghan's letter containing the story of his disaster 
[n 175] ; and saying that he will resign the superintend- 
ency unless he soon hears something favorable from the 
Lords of Trade concerning his department. 25 133 

19 James Phyn, inquiring in what manner and from what 
Schenectady date Johnson wishes his account to be made out. II :8i 

19 J. Alexander & Co., calling attention a third time to an 
New York unpaid bill of Mr Croghan's. 82 

19 Barrak Hays, asking payment of a draft drawn on John 
Albany Levinston at Montreal. 83 

22 Sir William Johnson to Stephen Forman, denouncing his 
Johnson Hall communication concerning a runaway slave [11:70] and 
declaring his own ignorance of the laws of Connecticut 
regarding such property. 84 

22 Sir William Johnson's account with Duncan & Phyn. 85 

- Schenectady 

22 Account of same with same. 86 

22 Account of same with same. 87 

23 [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Gage, regarding his ac- 
Johnson Hall count of Indian disbursements, which he sends, ad 
vances which he has made for the service, and expenses 
incident to it. 25 135 

2 1 Sir William Johnson's account of contingent expenses 
Johnson Hall f rO m October 21, 1764. 26:26 

24 Sir William Johnson's account with Hendrick Frey. 
Canajoharry Followed by Frey's receipt dated January 29, 1768. 11:88 

24 [Sir William Johnson] to Lieut. Col. Morris, indicating 
Johnson Hall that he will take no part in the Indian land dispute in 

which Morris is involved [25:30] and stating the rules 
by which he is guided in relation to disputes over In 
dian claims. 90 

25 Roger Baxter about troubles with Indian neighbors over 
Conajohary fences and cattle and the advice given the Indians by 

their solicitor; threatening reprisal after the manner of 

the " Paxton boys." 89 

26 Duncan & Phyn's bill to Sir William Johnson. 92 

James Phyn about a bill of parcels. [Accompanying no. 
Schenectady p 2 ] 91 

27 James MacDonald to [Sir William Johnson] on Mr 
New York Croghan's success, opposition to MacDonald's patent 

on the part of those interested in the Minisink patent 

and public excitement over the Stamp Act. 93 





Aug. 27 Hendrick Wempel, to say that the Indians at that place 
Burnets refuse to go with Hendrick, the Indian, on his journey, 

Feald but Wempel will accompany him. 

27 William Bayley, sending a return of provisions furnished, 
Schenectady with receipts to be signed. 

28 [Sir William Johnson] to Mr Allen of Philadelphia about 
Johnson Hall the agreeable visit of Mr Izzard and Lord Adam 


28 [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Gage, regarding the In- 
Johnson Hall dian attack on Croghan, the petition of Michilimackinac 
traders and the advantages of confining trade with In 
dians to the posts. 

Asa Spalding, a lawyer, defending a lottery arrangement 
for raising money to enable Nimham, an Indian, to 
bring before the Privy Council of Great Britain his 
claim to lands in Dutchess county [25:30; 11:90] and 
proposing a form of contract by which buyers of tickets 
will not be liable under the laws against maintenance 
and champerty. 

John Watts, introducing John Reade, discussing a " help 
less couple " who lately visited Johnson Hall and 
touching on English politics and' the Stamp Act. 

William OBrien to [Sir William Johnson] on his diver 
sions in New York and on Long Island, his relation to 
plans for acquiring lands, Johnson's generosity, the 
Boston riot and ministerial changes in England. 

Tho. Hutchins, mentioning Mr Croghan's exploit among 
western Indians, Col. Bouquet's journal [11:50, 93] and 
a detachment of the 42d in readiness at Fort Pitt to 
follow after Croghan. 

Duncan & Phyn's bill to Sir William Johnson. 

New York 

New York 

New York 


Sept. I 


Lieut. D. Brehm's account against Sir William Johnson, 
certificate of Lieut. Edward Abbott and Lieut. Col. 
John Campbell and Brehm's draft. 

Duncan & Phyn's bill to Sir William Johnson. 






George Croghan's account with A. D. Hemar 3, 6s ; 
receipted. [In French] 

George Croghan's account with same 379 livres ; re 
ceipted. [In French] 
7 Sir William Johnson to Attorney General J. T. Kempe, 
Johnson Hall saying that he shall recommend to the Indians accept 
ance of the terms offered by the Kayaderosseras 
patentees [11:51, 54], explaining the discrepancies 
in the Kayaderosseras records by the character of 
Lord Cornbury's administration, denying the King's 
paramount right in unpurchased Indian lands [25:31] 








and discussing the nature of a provincial governor's 
commission, and asking an opinion on the case of Cobus 
Maybee, who is at variance with the Indians at Conajo- 
harre. 11:100 

Sept. 7 Duncan & Phyn's bill to Sir William Johnson. 103 


8 Gen. Thomas Gage on delay of letters, regulation of trade, 
New York Croghan's success and movements for military and 

commercial possession of the Illinois. 25 139 

8 Hugh Wallace, inquiring about land near Conajohary be- 
New York longing to Capt. Will Cosby, condemning the provinces 
as mad in their resistance to Parliament and accusing 
the popular leaders of ambition, and promising to send 
up a harper and an Irish piper. II :io2 

10 Alex'r Fraser to [Sir William Johnson] about a con- 
Schonectady tinuance of partnership with Abraham Van Eps. 104 

10 [Sir William Johnson] to J. Watts, regarding the visits 
Johnson Hall o f ^/[ r Read, Lord Adam Gordon and Lady Susan and 

Mr OBrien, the disadvantages of marriage between 
persons of unequal stations, Mr Croghan's experiences 
with Paxtoners and Indians [n 75] and the disorder in 
the colonies, for which he blames persons who are 
" uttering their own Sentiments as the Voice of the 
People." 105 

11 John Welles to [Sir William Johnson], concerning trade, 
Montreal the behavior of the commanding officer at Michili- 

machinac [25 134] and an attempt to obtain the removal 

of " Gov'r [Murray] & Judge." 106 

11 [Sir William Johnson] to Lieut. Gov. Fauquier, promising 
Johnson Hall to use endeavors for peace between the Six Nations 

and the Cherokees and showing the difficulty of 
composing Indian feuds. 25:41 

12 [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Gage, concerning a draft 
Johnson Hall i n Mr Darlington's hands, a claim held by Mercer & 

Ramsay, for the services of an interpreter at La Baye, 
a successor to Indian Secretary Marsh, riotous behavior 
of some Americans, the necessity for the Stamp Act, 
the Inclination of " an Ignorant people " to accept 
republican principles, his own interests and sentiments 
in the differences between the colonies and England, 
and instructions to Col. Campbell. 40 

13 John Duncan, congratulations on recovery from illness, 
Schenectady anc l on the birth of a grandson, pleasant words about 

Lord Adam Gordon, mention of a suit with Youry 
Klock which calls Duncan to New York, a recommenda 
tion of Mr Casity and an assurance of efforts to get 
the post service better regulated. 11:107 



13 [Sir William Johnson] to Lieut. Gov. Golden, saying that 
Johnson Hall " a modest state of the colonies " might have influenced 

the British ministry, but the government will not allow 
a " dangerous Precedent for the Independency of the 
Colonies," that the governors should act together and 
the authors of disturbance should be pointed out, and 
he will attend the Council if it be absolutely necessary. u:ic8 

14 Dirk Van der Heyden, saying that he has a legal discharge 
London f rom d e bt s and asking Johnson's influence with Mr 

Duncan that he may have Duncan's London commis 
sions. 109 

14 Duncan & Phyn's bill to Sir William Johnson. in 

15 Lieut Dan. Tucker, East End Omeida Lake Roy'l Block 

house, to Lord [Adam Gordon?], asking a word to 
Sir William Johnson in favor of Tucker's appointment 
as Indian agent or commissary. no 

16 [Sir William Johnson] to the committee concerned in 
Johnson Hall Kayaderosseras, informing that the Mohocks will hold 

a public meeting to consider the proposal of the 
patentees for settling the land dispute. [9:250; 11:51, 
54] 112 

16 William Darlington to Sir William Johnson about money 

New York paid Robert Adams, scarcity of money, nails, paper 
hangings and a monkey sent in care of Mr Adams, the 
price of pork from 116 to 1205 per barrel and 
articles delivered to Capt. McDonald. 113 

1 6 Duncan & Phyn's bill to Sir William Johnson. 114 


16 Peter Hasenclever, sending directions for Rubbarth for 
New York the better manufacture of potash, mentioning a ship 
ment of pearlash, the tumults at Boston and prepara 
tions for a general congress at New York, and saying 
that the crisis affords a fine opportunity for the exercise 

of Mr Pitt's genius. 115 

17 [Sir William Johnson] to Mr OBrien about the land 
Johnson Hall enterprise represented by OBrien, his own grant, the 

Kayaderosseras and the consequences of public dis 
turbance and the propagation of " Independent Senti 
ments." 116 

17 Lawrence Ermatinger to [Sir William Johnson], asking 
Montreal permission to winter and trade among the Indians and 

complaining of discriminations. 25 :38 

18 Capt. Daniel Claus, sending news of Pondiac's submis- 
Montreal sion, the anger of a Chippeway chief at an affront 

from Capt. Sinclair, dissatisfaction of traders with 
Capt. Howard [at Michilimackinac], smallpox at 
Caneghsadagey, also a report that Sir William will be 
made Lord Mount Johnson and Governor of Canada. 11:117 


28 5 


Sept. 18 Lieut. B. Roberts, sending melon seeds saved from fruit 
Ontario grown at Niagara, the seeds of which were brought 

from the Havanna, and expressing pleasure that John 
son's son has gone to England with Lord Adam 
[Gordon]. 11:118 

18 Dr Richard Shuckburgh on Crogan's success and 
Detroit diplomatic qualities and the chances of selling his sur 

geon's commission. up 

18 [Sir William Johnson] to [Hugh] Wallace on Croghan's 
Johnson Hall success in getting control of the Illinois and bringing 
Pondiac to Detroit, land belonging to Capt. Cosby, 
Lord Adam Gordon, the lengths to which " a misguided 
populace" has been carried in its opposition to au 
thority, and his desire to encourage the formation of a 
" Hibernian Concert." 120 

Three depositions regarding the circumstances of the 
signing of a Conajohare Indian deed September 20, 
1765. 25 142 

Daniel Claus, concerning a draft to the order of Welles & 

Wade and Mr Welles's application. 11:121 

Same to same, draft to the order of Welles & Wade, 

indorsed to Ab'm Lyle. [11:158] 122 

John Welles, renewing an application for employ 
ment in the Indian department. 123 
J. T. Kempe, Attorney General, considering circum 
stances which may give validity to a land patent, 
also the case of Cobus Maybe, occupying land within 
the Indians' domain against their wish. 124 
Charles Williams about Mrs Cosby's land affairs 
and Gov. Moore's intended passage. [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 
2:821-22; Q, 2:477] 125 
23 James MacDonald to [Sir William Johnson], men- 
New York tioning changes in the ministry and the Board of 
Trade, the effect on the people of New York city of 
strengthening the forts, the address of the Town of 
Boston to Lord Adam Gordon, Mr Croughan's re 
turn and the advantage to Mr [John] Johnson of 
seeing the world. 126 
Peter Hasenclever, giving his opinion that the act for 
restriction of trade and the Stamp Act will be 
moderated or repealed, quoting a London opinion 
of Frans Ruppert's pearlash and discussing the 
potash manufacture. 127 
Elias Henry's receipt to Daniel Claus for nine shil 
lings paid for ferrying over six Abinaquis Indians 
at the Longeuil ferry. 130 
Thomas McKee's receipt for pay from March 24 to Sep 
tember 24, 1765. 13:158 




New York 

New York 

New York 





Sept. 26 Henry, Farrell & Abbott's receipt to George Croghan 

Detroit for pay lor provisions and stores. 13:164 

27 Ja. Peters, mentioning the destruction of his house at 
Grange Lancaster by fire, also the birth of a daughter. 11:129 

Somerset co., N. J. 

28 [Sir William Johnson] to the Lords of Trade: relates 
Johnson Hall Mr Croghan's success in getting possession of the 

Illinois and the failure of Mr Stuart's agent; men 
tions the danger of the Crown officers in America, 
denounces the lawyers engaged in popular agita 
tion and states his own position; mentions the pro 
posal of the Kayaderosseras patentees to settle 
their quarrel. [11:51, 54] [Doc. rcl. to Col. Hist. 
N. Y. 7765-67] 131 

29 Lieut Gov. Cadwallader Golden, stating that the 
Fort George stamps have arrived at Boston, he has put the fort 

New York m a condition of defense, Sir Hary Moore, now gov 
ernor in chief, will soon sail for New York, com 
mittees from the other colonies have arrived, and a 
violent paper called the Constitutional Courant, which 
advises assassination of political enemies, has begun 
publication. 132 

30 [Sir William Johnson] to Mrs Cosby, touching the 
Johnson Hall visit of his son to England, her transactions with 

[Oliver] De Lancey, Mr Croghan's success in ob 
taining control of the settlement of Illinois, the 
violence of popular resistance to the Stamp Act and 
the part played by lawyers in the disturbances. 
Woe. Hist. N. Y. 2:822-23; Q, 2:478] 133 

30 John Watts, asking that Sir William's son may be 
New York his guest till he sails for England with Lord Adam 

Gordon. 134 

30 William Murray's bill and receipt to Captain Close. 135 

30 John Duncan about a certificate of land near Schohary, 
New York so ld by the Indians, the arrival of Lord Adam [Gor 
don] and of commissioners from Boston and Vir 
ginia. 136 
Oct. i [Sir William Johnson] to Lieut. Gov. Golden, of his 
Albany son's visit to England, his own detention from at 
tendance on the Lieutenant Governor by illness and 
the expected coming of Croghan with Pondiac and 
Capt. Johnson's patent for 2000 acres. [11:75] 137 
i Duncan & Phyn's bill to Sir William Johnson. 138 

i Caleb Beck's [?] bill and receipt to Mr Ellice for 
Schenectady ^g 8s. 139 




Oct. i 

New York 





New York 


New York 


Fort Pitt 

New York 

Fort Pitt 

New York 

New York 

William Darlington about money sent in care of 
Hendrick Ten Eyck Junior, also a carpenter who is 
the bearer of the letter, and a letter to Mr Preston 
that miscarried. 11:140 

J. G. Fillet's bill for goods sold to Capt. Claus. [In 
French] 144 

J. G. Fillet's bill for goods sold to Capt. Claus. [In 

French] 145 

[Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Gage, asking that 450 
York currency be paid to his son [John Johnson], 
who is about to attend Lord Adam Gordon to 
England. 25:43 

William Darlington, concerning money, 2012, 155, 4d, 
intrusted to Henry Ten Eyck Junior for delivery 
to Johnson, papers sent by the General and a draft 
on Johnson which Darlington has paid. 11:141 

T. Lansing's bill to Mr Monear for white lead. 142 

James MacDonald to [Sir William Johnson], repeat 
ing conversations with Col. Maitland, Adjutant Gen 
eral, and Capt. Matterien, Gen. Gage's secretary, re 
garding Johnson's department and mentioning Mr 
Croghan, Lord Adam Gordon, Johnson's son and 
the King's satisfaction with Lieut. Gov. Colden. 143 

Aug. Prevost, forwarding letters and sending the 
horn flower, " which grows at the River Missouri 
near the Illinois." 147 

Joseph Spear's account against the Crown; with 
Spear's receipt and Capt. William Murray's certifi 
cate. 148 

Robert Leake: congratulations on Croghan's success 
and thanks for advice about land, with mention of 
affairs in England and the expected arrival of the 
new governor with the stamps. 154 

Account of Baynton, Wharton, Morgan & Co. for 
goods delivered to Indians by order of Mr Croghan; 
with receipt to Alexander McKee and William Mur 
ray's certificate. 150 

James MacDonald, promising to amuse and advise 
Mr Johnson [Sir William's son] on their voyage, to 
execute any orders in England and to support the 
plan [for Indian affairs] with the Lords of Trade 
and mentioning the new gazette, the Constitutional 
Courant, and the deputies from the different provinces 
assembled in New York. 156 

William Darlington, speaking of the visit of Johnson's 
son, funds with which Darlington will supply him, 
goods to be sent up and money now transmitted. 157 



Oct. 8 Abraham Lyle, inclosing Capt. Daniel Claus's draft to 
Albany the order of Welles & Wade and drawing attention to 

Capt. John Johnson's account sent to Sir William. 11:158 
9 [Sir William Johnson] to Mr Watts, acknowledging 
Johnson Hall the invitation to John Johnson to be the guest of 
Mr Watts in New York and mentioning the ad 
vantages which his son will receive from his visit 
to England. 159 

9 [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Gage, acknowledging an 
Johnson Hall expression of sentiment on the American disputes and 

avowing opposition to "Antimonarchical Principles." 25 144 
10 [Lord] Adam Gordon, expressing desire to be of service 
New York to Johnson's son and to Johnson, also distrust of the 
new ministry and admiration- of the Mohawks' me 
morial to the King and of Johnson's Indian policy, men 
tioning Lieut. Tucker's application and speaking of the 
universal taste for gardening in Britain. 11:160 

10 [Sir William Johnson] to Peter Hasenclever on Rupert's 
Johnson Hall potash manufactory, the failure of the hemp seed sent 

by Hasenclever and the necessary effects of the Ameri 
can disputes. 161 

11 [Sir William Johnson] to Lieut. Gov. Golden on mob 
Johnson Hall violence and abuses of liberty of the press, Capt. John 
son's and his own land claims and the uncertainty of 
his meeting Sir Harry Moore on the arrival of the 
latter at New York. 162 

12 Francis Wade, relating an interview with Mr Forman 
New York concerning a runaway slave [11:70, 84], " Mast'r 

Johnny's " departure, and news from Philad'a of 
Quaker success in the elections and of the reception 
of the stamp papers. 163 

12 Duncan & Phyn's bill to Sir William Johnson. 164 

13 Alex'r Ellice about letters and orders. 165 

14 William Darlington about the departure of [John] John- 
New York S on for England, money and a bill of exchange with 

which he was furnished and goods to be sent on Harry 
Bogart's sloop. 166 

18 Receipt of four Frenchmen to George Croghan for 
Fort Ontario pa y as canoemen. 13:165 

21 Eleazar Wheelock' presenting the grievance of the Nar- 
Lebanon ragansets against their sachem [24:178, 179, 244] and 

the thanks of the Board of Correspondents in the 
Colony of Connecticut for recommendation of the In 
dian school. [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 4:360; Q, 4:228] 11:167 



Oct. 21 John Watts, regarding Lord [Gordon], the Mohawks' 
New York address to the King and that of the French Indians, 
the Kayaderoceras patent, Croghart'j success and a visit 
from Pondiac, also the danger of allowing Johnson's 
son to protract his stay in England unduly. 11:168 

*i Gw. Banyar about a blunder in a patent and the bearing 
New York o f the Stamp Act on some deeds to be executed. 169 

23 William Darlington, giving a list of articles shipped per 

New York Henry Bogart. 170 

24 Hasenclever, Seton & Croftes [ ?] to Peter Hasenclever, 
London an account of the prices of 45 casks of American 

pearlash and potash sold at public sale, with a discussion 

of the market. 171 

25 Musick Honnywell's agreement to pay Sir William John 

son 20 or to serve him or his order or assigns till the 

debt is discharged; witnessed by Moses Ibbitt. 172 

26 [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Gage, mentioning the re- 
Johnson Hall turn of Col. Croghan, accompanied by Mr Maisonville, 

the good results of Croghan's mission, Lieut. Col. 
Campbell's and Capt. Howard's accounts of expenses, 
also accounts of Lieutenants Brehm and Wynne, Col. 
Croghan and Mr Maisonville. 25 145 

27 Lieut. Aug. Prevost, expressing pleasure at Col. Cro- 
Albany ghan's return and accepting an invitation to meet him at 

Johnson Hall. Ii:i73 

27 Abraham Lyle, asking that the money for Capt. Daniel 

Claus's draft and Capt. John Johnson's account may 

be sent him in care of Lieut. Prevoost. 174 

28 John Duncan to [Sir William Johnson] on public excite- 
New York ment over the Stamp Act, honors to the "Great Con 
gress," unpopularity of the Lieutenant Governor, arrival 
of the stamps, town scandal and Schenectady's new 
charter and officers. 175 

28 William Darlington about glass consigned to Johnson 
New York a nd not received, articles which will be sent, arrival of 
stamps in charge of Capt. Davis and threats against 
receivers and distributors. 176 

30 Duncan & Phyn's bill to Sir William Johnson. 178 


30 [Sir William Johnson] to J. Watts on the advantage to 
Johnson Hall Johnson's son of a year in England, Mr Croghan's 

success, Pondiac's ability and movements, the distinction 
between the speeches of the Mohocks and those of the 
Caghnawagas [11:168] and the proposal of the Kay- 
aderosseras patentees to conciliate the Indians. [11:51, 

54] I7Q 

31 Sir William Johnson's account of pay due himself and 
Johnson Hall his officers from March 24 to September 25, 1765. 26:29 




Nov. i Duncan & Phyn's bill to Sir William Johnson. n :i8i 


2 Duncan & Phyn's bill to Sir William Johnson. 180 

2 Peter Hasenclever, regarding a visit with Johnson's son 
New York an d Lord Adam Gordon, Ruppert's pearlash, the failure 
of the hemp seed [sent to the Mohawk valley], the 
Chevalier de Freudenberg, who will make a tour up the 
Mohawk river, popular opposition to stamped paper 
and the resolution of New York merchants not to 
order goods from England. 185 

5 Lieut. Jehu Hay to [Sir William Johnson] about In- 
Detroit dian jealousy of Pondiac, Pondiac's sickness, an "ac 

cident " to an Indian at Detroit and a hardship to 
which Hay is exposed by the General's disallowance 
of his claim for keeping the garrison and Indian 
accounts. 186 

5" Lieut. B. Roberts to [Sir William Johnson] about 
Onondago a young eagle from Michilimackinac, also a calabash 
falls from Detroit, both intrusted to Sir Edward Picker 

ing for Johnson, wild geese which Mr Pfister will 
bring and Stanley Goddard's trip to La Bay with 
goods. 187 

5 Duncan & Phyn's bill to Sir William Johnson for 
Schenectady goods. 189 

6 [Sir William Johnson] to Attorney General J. T. 
Johnson Hall Kempe, discussing the relations of Indians to British 

law [25:31, August 12, 1765; 11:100],. the nature of 
grants made by the early Crown officers and the right 
of the Indians to protection against intrusion on their 
lands. 190 

6 [Sir William Johnson] to Maj. Gen. Burton, regard- 
Johnson Hall ing Capt. Claus's absence from Montreal, Col. 

Croghan's success in gaining possession of the 
Illinois, the visit of Johnson's son to England and 
the excesses of republican opposition to Great 
Britain. 191 

7 [Sir William Johnson] to Oliver DeLancey, mention- 
Johnson Hall i n g business of the latter with Mrs Crosby, explaining 

his relations with the late Sir Peter Warren and 
with his estate and proposing a plan of settlement, 
and offering to facilitate the survey of a certain 
tract. [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 2:825-26; Q, 2:479-80] 192 

7 [Sir William Johnson] to Rev. Thomas Barton, ac- 
Johnson Hall knowledging a favor and accepting membership in 
a society for missionary work among the Indians. 
[Doc. Hist. N. Y. 4:360-61; Q, 4:228^9] 193 




Nov. 7 William Darlington about a draft and a temporary 
New York compromise by which the stamps have been taken 
from the fort and delivered to the corporation on 
security. II :iQ4 

9 [Sir William Johnson] to Lieut. Gov. Golden, con- 
Johnson Hall gratulating on the royal approval of his late spirited 
course, contrasting Mr Croghan's success with the 
failure of Mr. Sinnot [11:131], sent by the southern 
department to the Ilinois, and inquiring about Capt. 
Johnson's patent. 195 

9 Richard Duncan, mentioning some business and re- 
Schenectady lating news from New York about the doings of a 
mob at the expense of Maj. James's furniture and 
the Governor's effigy. 196 

Lieut. B. Roberts, relating the loss of the geese in 
trusted to the crew of Myn Heer Van Pfister's boat 
and describing the scantiness of provisions at the 
post and among the Onondagos. 197 

Peter Hasenclever, discussing the manufacture of 
pearlash by Rubbarth and arguing that Americans 
should show more submission to the mother 
country. 198 

William Darlington, concerning Johnson's drafts on 
him in favor of John Duncan and George Croghan, 
barley, iron and millstones which will be shipped to 
Johnson, presents from Mrs Darlington sent in care 
of Henry Cuyler, arrivals and departures at the port 
and the appointment of a " Comptroller Generall of 
His Majesty's Stamp Office in N. America." 199 

Peter Remsen, asking how he can obtain the return of 
a sum advanced to Francis Rubert for the potash 
manufactured. 200 

Francis Wade, discussing proceedings under the 
power of attorney given him to collect debts for 
Johnson, soliciting business for his brother, who has 
dissolved partnership with Mr Welles, and showing 
the divisions in the province over the Stamp Act. 201 

16 Abraham Mortier, sending account and explaining that 
York his delay was occasioned by the removal of his 
books for safe-keeping during the excitement over 
the Stamp Act. 202 

16 Sir William Johnson's account with Abraham Mortier. 203 
New York 

16 Sir William Johnson to the Lords of Trade on Mr 

Johnson Hall Croghan's adventures in gaining possession of the 

Ilinois, French ascendancy in Indian trade, the 

French policy, the advantage to British interests of 




New York 

New York 


New York 






the reorganization of his department, the war be 
tween the Cherokees and the Six Nations, the be 
havior of the Virginia frontiersmen, his personal 
losses in the Indian service and the economy of his 
administration. Doc. rel. to Col. Hist. N. Y. 7775-79] 11:204 
Nov. 16 [Sir William Johnson] to Mr OBrien, acknowledging 
Johnson Hall a letter delivered by the Chevalier de Freydenberg, 
discussing the advantage of landholding on the Con- 
necticut and censuring the authors of disturbance in 
New York city. 205 

18 William Darlington, concerning Johnson's drafts in 
New York favor of Duncan & Phyn and Col. Croghan, money 

from the General which will be sent in charge of 

Mr Phyn and sundries to be sent per Hen. Bogart. 206 

19 Proceedings of a court of inquiry, held by order of 
Niagara Capt. Hugh Arnott, of the 46th, to consider the fur 
ther detection of the bateaumen confined by Lieut. 
Williams of the I7th on suspicion of murdering an 
Indian at Detroit; Capt. John Clarke, 46th regi 
ment, president. 207 

L. Perthuis to [Sir William Johnson], mentioning a re- 
[Montreal?] quest made by St Regis and other Indians that the 
General would furnish them with ammunition and ask 
ing whether Johnson has purchased a bell for the 
Indians in accordance with promise. (Received No 
vember 19) [In French] 182 

20 John Duncan about a service to Mr Dyckman, the favor- 
Schenectady able impression made by the new governor, the pur 
pose of his excellency to visit Johnson and the arrival 

of the Schenectady charter. 208 

20 William Darlington, regarding 900 currency intrusted 
New York by him to Mr Phyn for Johnson, a proposal to satisfy 

Johnson's draft on Gen. [Gage] with bills of exchange, 

and Achilles Preston's draft. 209 

21 Hugh Wallace about Indian affairs, boundaries of Mr 
New York Cosby's lands, Stamp Act troubles, the difficulty of 

finding a harper in Ireland, Wales affording a better 
chance, the habits of pipers and the accounts of Col. 
Campbell and Capt. Howard. 211 

22 John B. Van Eps about a woman who will do house- 
Schin'dy work and work which her son can do, and several 

business matters. 212 

22 Peter Vergereau, asking information about purchases of 
New York l an d from the natives. 213 

22 [Sir William Johnson] to the Lords of Trade on their 

Johnson Hall appointment, his past relations with the board and the 

Indian service, the opposition to British authority in the 

colonies, his own loyalty. {Doc. rel. to Col. Hist. N. Y. 

7:790-91] 214 



Nov. 24 William Darlington, regarding orders for Sir William, 
New York Capt. Guy Johnson and Capt. Clans, Guy Johnson's 
patent, a draft in favor of John & Robert Stanhouse, 
a popular warning to Peter De Lancey, inspector of 
stamps, a pamphlet on the propriety of taxing the 
colonies, and two parrots soon to be sent to Johnson 
Hall. 11:215 

25 Capt. Peeke Fuller, asking some compensation for a 
Ontario trader who has acted as interpreter and help in obtain 
ing the assignment of an interpreter to the post. 216 

26 Hend. Ja. Cruger to Sir William Johnston, regarding 
New York Col. George Croghan's draft on Johnson for 271 cur 
rency in favor of Lieut. George McDugal ; indorsed 
with Johnson's statement that " the Acct must have 

been settled by Mr Groghan with the Gen'l." 217 

26 Duplicate of No. 217. 218 

27 Sir William Johnson to Abraham Mortier, concerning 
Johnson Hall money due to Johnson from the government, the con 
duct of the people in New York and the position of 
those in the interior, who " greatly condemn such rash 

and unwarrantable steps" [against the Stamp Act]. 219 

27 Sir William Johnson's receipt for 7606, IDS, 7d New 

New York York currency paid by Gabriel Maturin. 26 127 

28 John Brown's bill to Sir William Johnson. II 1220 

29 Lieut. B. Roberts to [Sir William Johnson], reporting 
Onondaga the death of Silver Heels and the drowning of nine men 

Falls on Lake Erie. 221 

29 Smith Ramadge, mentioning two servants purchased for 

New York Johnson from Capt. Askew, of the snow Prince George, 

and offering to- procure laborers and "tradesmen" 

from Ireland. 222 

29 William Darlington about articles to be sent to Albany 

New York to the care of Dr Stringer and thence forwarded, also 

a patent which he has taken out and sends by the 

skipper, Henry I. Bogart. 223 

29 [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Gage, concerning accounts, 

Johnson Hall the aspect of Indian affairs and the policy of seeking 

redress from the British government by violence. 224 

29 [Sir William Johnson] to Lord Adam Gordon, to ac- 
Johnson Hall knowledge kindness and mention recent riotous acts in 

New York. 225 

30 Sundry accounts transmitted by Sir William Johnson to 
Johnson Hall Maj. Gen. Gage. 234 

,~o Sir William Johnson's receipts to Maj. Gen. Gage for 
Johnson Hall 954, 15$ sterling. 26:28 



Nov. [30] Lieut. Aug. Prevost, about a box containing electrical ap- 

Albany paratus which has gone astray, a ball to be given by 

the Sons of St Andrew, Mr Pauly's appointment, Col. 

Bradstreet's difference with the corporation of Albany, 

and the wants of the troops. 13:184 

30 James Phyn, concerning money which he received for 

Schenectady Johnson from Mr Darlington and forwards in care 

of Mr Burns. n 1258 

Dec. i Lieut. Dan. Tucker to Sir William Johnson, mentioning 
Roy'l Block- his application, through Lord Adam Gordon, for a . 

house place in the Indian department. 259 

2 Alexander Golden to [Sir William Johnson] on the pro- 
New York ceedings of the Sons of Liberty, threats against his 

father [the Lieutenant Governor] and the danger of 

free speech. 260 

3 Lieut. J. J. Schlosser, concerning letters sunk in crossing 

Fort Stanwix the lake. 261 

3 Dr Samuel Stringer about a letter from Dirk Vander- 
Albany heyden and stores left in his care by Henry Cuyler. 262 

5 Tho. Shipboy, with regard to paying a draft which a 
Albany gentleman in New York wishes him to collect. 263 

it William Gamble, sending a letter from Mr Rivington and 
Schenectady saying that money can be sent him in charge of Mr 

Pfister. 264 

13 Dr John Sayre, expressing a desire to be a surgeon in 
Lancaster Johnson's Indian regiment, the practice of physic at 
Lancaster be ; ng on " so poor and despicable a footing " 
that learning and integrity are disqualifications. 265 

13 Baynton, Wharton, Morgan & Company's bill to Maj. 
Fort Pitt Thomas Smallman for articles for the use of the 

Crown; certified by Capt. William Murray; receipted by 

John Jennings. 152 

14 [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Gage on charges against 
Johnson Hall Capt. Howard [at Michilimackinac], the unfriendliness 

of the Ottawas, an alleged conspiracy of Pottewatamis 
and Chipeweighs, French artifices, the murder of an 
Indian at Detroit, suspicion of Matthew Gardner, con 
doling with the Shawanese and the cession of the 
[Niagara] carrying place by the Senecas. 266 

14 Col. John Bradstreet, regarding compensation to the 
Albany owners of some French fusees which were taken at 

Oswego the year before for the Indian service. 267 

15 Hugh Fraser to [Sir William Johnson], asking aid to 
Beverdam defend his claim in a land patent. 268 






Dec. 16 Wil'iam Darlington about the delaying of Henry Bogard's 
New York s loop by bad weather at Clavarac, Holland millstones, 
delay in obtaining money from the General, money sent 
in charge of Mr Phyn, Guy Johnson's patent and prices 
of W. I. rum and Jamaica spirits. 1 1:269 

16 Alexander Golden, mentioning the absence of political 
New York activity in England and the suspension of business in 
New York on account of the nonenforcement of the 
Stamp Act. 270 

John B. Van Eps, to say that he sends rope for halters 

etc. and has also filled Capt. Claus's order. 271 

John Brown, Matthew Lyne, Richard Cullin and Jon 
athan Ogden, asking approval of a petition to the Gov 
ernor for a charter to a Church of England congrega 
tion, and acceptance by Sir William of a trusteeship 
under the charter. [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 4 -.362 ; Q, 4 1229] 272 
^j [Sir William Johnson] to Alexander Golden, asking for 
Johnson Hall a warrant for running out the lines of Caghnawaga, or 
Collins's patent, above Fort Johnson, inquiring about a 
tract south of the Mohock near the Little falls, present 
ing the claim of Mr Fraser, late of Col. Eraser's High 
landers [11:268] and mentioning the murder of an 
Indian by traders at Detroit. 273 

20 [Sir William Johnson] to Col. Bradstreet, relative to pay- 
Johnson Hall ment for arms and strouds. [11:267] 275 

21 Aug. Prevost, concerning a lost box containing electrical 

machines and the commissioning of Major Robert 
Bayard. 276 

Jacob Sugar to Sir William Johnson, asking payment 

of 5, us, 3d owed him by an Indian. 277 

Alexander McKee's account against the Crown; with 
receipt to George Groghan. 151 

Capt. John Brown of the Royal American regiment, men 
tioning the receipt in England of the news of the 
Boston riot 278 

Peter Hasenclever about Johnson's civilities to the 
Chevalier de Freudenberg, Mr Ruppert's potash, direc 
tions for making potash, the growth of Johnson's town, 
a letter for Justice Francs at Burnets fields, the issue 
between the mob and "the better sort of citizens," the 
purpose of the Sons of Liberty, the Assembly's moderate 
resolves, escape of 12 prisoners from the jail and the 
position of the new governor, Sir Henry Moore. 279 

William Darlington, to say that he sends 825 currency 
by Jacob Henry Ten Eyck, of Albany, and will send 
more as soon as he can sell bills of exchange, that he 
will be glad to pay Achilles Preston's draft, and to 






New York 




mention mail for Falraouth, votes of the Assembly, 

intended reshipment of the stamps to England and 

escape of imprisoned debtors. n 1280 

Dec. 23 Jacob H. Ten Eyck's receipt for 825 received from 

New York William Darlington to be delivered to Sir William 

Johnson. 282 

25 Oliver DeLancey on the public disturbance and the alter- 
New York cation between Sir William and the heirs of the late 
Sir Peter Warren ; stating his readiness to forward to 
Lady Warren a copy of Johnson's letter of November 
7 [11:192]. [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 2:826-27, Q, 2:480-81] 281 
27 Declaration of mayor, recorder and aldermen (copy) 
Schenectady binding themselves to construe the charter liberally 

[12:4] and work for the remedy of any defects. 12:5 

27 [Sir William Johnson] to Mr Duncan, concerning Mr 
Johnson Hall Dyckman's scheme for removing an oppression in the 

affairs of the province, disputes over the [Schenec 
tady] charter and the Governor's brief tranquillity. 11:283 

28 Dr Samuel Stringer, regarding servants and articles on 
Alb'y Mr Bogert's sloop, which is stopped by ice at Living 
stons Manner, articles now forwarded and medicines 

from London which he can supply. 284. 

28 [Sir William Johnson] to [Capt. John Brown], stating 
Johnson Hall that he has had no important news from England 

and expects none till the February packet. 278 

31 Capt. Hugh Arnot to [Sir William Johnson], regarding 
Niagara the bearer Saquacoronga, and another Seneca, the 

killing of an Indian at Detroit, people from Montreal 
trading between Cadaraque and Torunto and letters for 
the garrison, lying at Albany, which he begs Capt. 
Johnson to obtain and forward. 285 

Memorial of traders in behalf of free trade with the In 
dians, pointing out disadvantages of confining trade to 
army posts. [In English and French; no date] 12:1 

An inscription for a monument, to be erected by Sir 
William Johnson, in honor of Oliver Warren, Sir Peter 
Warren and Christopher Johnson, father of William. 24:196 

A schedule of equivalents for barter of goods and skins ; 
also a calculation of expense and profit for various 
sized cargoes of goods transported in bateaux from 
Schenectady to Detroit. [In Sir William Johnson's 
hand; probably 1765] 25:47 

Memorandum of letters received per Franck. 11:184 

Form of license to trade with the Indians, granted 
under the Governor's proclamation of January 31, 
1765. [See 25:54(1)] 12:20 



Jan. i De Couagne, to say that men are reported to be trading 
Niagara a t Toronto and near Caterackque, and that many In 

dians are going to war against the Flattheads. 12 \2 

3 John Brown and Matthew Lyne, considering the petition 
Schonactady to obtain a charter for a church [11:272] and the 
probable effect of the charter and Johnson's patronage 
on local opposition to the established church. 3 

3 John Duncan to [Sir William Johnson] about Mr Dyk- 
Schenectady man's affair, disputes over the new charter, criticisms 

of the taxing and licensing powers, of the boundaries of 
the corporation and the life tenure of aldermen, the 
attitude of the Sons of Liberty and the coming mayor's 
feast. [12:5; Dec. 27, 1765] 4 

4 Jacob Dyckman to [Sir William Johnson], describing the 
Kings Bridge paralysis of law and government, and the anger in Eng 
land over the Virginia resolves. 6 

7 John Glen Jun'r, stating his readiness to furnish provi- 
Schonectady sions and relating acts of the Albany mob at the ex 
pense of John McComb, John Stevenson, William 
Gamble, John Hanson, Henry Van Schaack and Col. 

Van D Heyden and his son Jacob. 25 149 

8 [Sir William Johnson] to Lieut. Gov. Golden, ex- 
Johnson Hall pressing the opinion that the Americans hope to enlist 

the English commonalty against the Stamp Act and the 
wish that the government will perceive that the real 
issue is the independence of America, showing that no 
royal governor will be popular and explaining the 
enmities incurred by Golden. 12:7 

9 Francis Wade, transmitting an account and asking that 
Philad'a payment may be made through Mr Croghan and speak 
ing of the suspension of legal business. 8 

9 [Sir William Johnson] to Mr Duncan on the [Schenec- 
Johnson Hall tady] charter and a public objection to charters. 9 

10 Gen. Gage to Maj. Robert Rogers (copy), instructions 
New York f or the command of the garrison at Michillimackinac 

and for proper relations with the Indians. 10 

10 Duplicate of no. 10. n 

13 Daniel Maglander about events which forbid his coming 
Albany a t O nce to Johnson. 12 

13 James Phyn, regarding errors in his accounts and their 
Schenectady rectification. 13 

14 Jacob H. Ten Eyck about letters and papers sent in care 
Albany o f Franz Roophart, money for Johnson which he has 

brought from New York and a commission desired for 
his son Henry. 14 

16 Capt. A. C. Cuyler, regarding commissions for the grenda- 
Aibany di er company, expense of clothing and arms, and the 

danger that his company will be depleted to fill up the 
troop of horse. 15 



Jnn. 17 John Duncan, concerning a vacancy in his company made 
Schenectady by the appointment of his son [Richard] as ensign in 

the 55 f h; recommending Harmanus H. Wendle. 12:16 

18 William Darlington, mentioning money sent per Jacob 
New York Henry Ten Eyck, Col. Croghan's receipt, green cloth 

for a billiard table, masons who will come up in the 
spring, stagnation of business, the Governor's proclama 
tion and the purpose of the Sons of Liberty to protect 
persons concerned in burning stamps. 17 

19 Peter Hasenclever, concerning Mr Rubbarth's and 
New York Mr Remsen's complaints touching sales of pearlash 

and potash, the method of calcining potash, an in 
tended visit to England, America's poverty, the 
people's want of industry and England's true policy, 
discussing the outlook for manufactures in America 
and hazarding the opinion that exports can never equal 
imports. 213 

22 [Sir William Johnson] to Sir Henry Moore, Governor 
Johnson Hall o f New York, discussing recent acts of popular vio 
lence and promising to make an early return of 

his regiment. i3 

23 [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Gage (private), con- 
Johnson Hall gratulating on British occupation of the Ilinois, dis 
cussing the appointment of Maj. Rogers as com 
mandant at Michilimackinac [12:10] and disparag 
ing his character, and deprecating agitation against 

the authority of Great Britain. 22 

23 Capt. Jas. Stevenson to [Sir William Johnson], to 
Albany sav that he will intrust to the care of his father 

two bundles of money delivered to him for Sir Wil 
liam by the commander in chief, and to mention 
ministerial appointments, the return of Wilkes to 
England and the reported ordering of several regi 
ments to America. 23 

24 [Sir William Johnson] to OHiver] De Lancey, con- 
Johnson Hall cerning the delivery to Johnson of bonds in the 

hands of the heirs of Sir Peter Warren, and his 
claims against the Warren estate [11:192, 281], also 
an affair between Mr De Lancey and Mrs Cosby. ip 

24 John Welles, sending a copy of Mons'r Vaudreuil's 
Montreal contract conveying to William Grant exclusive 
trading rights at La Baye [11:210], in virtue of 
rights conferred on Vaudreuil by the French King, 
also transmitting a letter from merchants against 
the monopoly, and mentioning Gov. Murray's re 
call. 24 



Jr.n. 28 Peter Vergereau to Sir William Jonson about a tract 
New York o .n the Breakabeen in which there is copper, a supply 
of cobalt at Philips Burrow, in West Chester, with 
descriptions of cobalt, and the process of making 
potash. 12 :25 

28 Thomas McKee's bill to Sir William Johnson for 
sundries bought of Robert McCully; with Mc- 
Cully's receipt to McKee and McKee's receipt to 
Johnson. [January 28 the latest date on the ac 
count] n:i49 
30 [Sir William Johnson] to Baynton, Wharton & Mor- 
Johnson Hall gan, concerning a boundary between whites and 
Indians, reparation to the traders for Indian depre 
dations, present restrictions on his authority to 
buy Indian goods, and money which he sends by 
Mr Croghan. 12:26 
30 John Johnston to Sir William Johnson, regarding a 
ranger who has applied to Johnston for wages due 
for service in the last campaign. 12:27 

30 [Sir William Johnson] to Maj. Moncrieffe, discussing 
Johnson Hall the appointment of Maj. Rogers [12:10, 22] and 

asserting the natural dependence of the colonies 

on the British power. 28 

31 John Spangenbergh and Johannes Alt, promising to 
Albany discharge their indebtedness to Johnson and other 

City Hall creditors and begging release from prison. 29 

31 Jacobus Van Slyck, sending a return of Capt. Jacob 
Schenectady Starnberger's company. 30 

31 [Sir William Johnson] to the Lords of Trade, con- 
Johnson Hall cerning the means necessary for retaining possession 
of the Ilinois and other western posts in view of 
Indian and French jealousy, the need of a new In 
dian establishment, the proposed boundary, the ad 
vantages of the Ilinois country for settlement and 
Johnson's Conajoharee land claim. [Doc. rcl. to Col.} 
Hist. N. Y. 7:808-10] 31 

31 [Rev.] Samuel Kirtland, mentioning the activity of a 
Kanassadaga French trader among the Chenesees, the danger of 
sending much intelligence about the Indians, letters 
from Niagara which he forwards and advantages 
which he hopes to gain by mastering the Indian 
tongue. 25:50 

Feb. i Rev. Matt Grafves], presenting the cause of oppressed 
New London Indians, particularly the Mohagan tribe, and express 
ing the hope that Johnson will soon have the power 
to restore the lands of the Mohagans. [Mutilated] 12:32 

2 James Phyn, trying to account for the delay of letters 
Schenectady expected by Johnson and suggesting that Mr Van 

Schaack, the Albany postmaster, may be in fault. 33 





New York 



Feb. 2 William Darlington about orders, which he will fill, 
New York t i le knighting of Johnson's son and the conferring 

of the red garter on Sir William. 

3 Duncan & Phyn's bill for goods bought by Sir William 
Schenectady Johnson. 

5 J. Hasbrouck, regarding millstones ordered by John 
son ; also mentioning Manuel Gunsalis's daughter, a 
captive eight years among the Indians. 

Mrs Gtrace] Cosby to [Sir William Johnson], acknowl 
edging a letter delivered by Johnson's son and author 
izing Sir William to sell her land. [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 
2:829; Q, 2:482] 

Stephen DeLancey to [Sir William Johnson], regarding 
Johnson's recommendation of Mr I. Roorback to succeed 
Mr Silvestur. 

Petition to Sir William Johnson by inhabitants of 
Bewerdam, asking that they may have their own mili 
tary company and proposing names of officers. [In 

Maj. Robert Rogers, informing of his appointment as 
commandant at Michilamakana and saying that he will 
send his journals for Johnson to read. 

Normand MacLeod on the effects of hospitality at John 
son Hall, lawless actions in New York against the 
Stamp Act, the attitude of the Governor toward the 
act, and an appointment which MacLeod desires. 

George Croghan, relating conversations with the gen 
eral on deparment affairs, mentioning losses which he 
has suffered by advancing sums for the Indian service 
and recommending Mr Smallman, Mr McDugall and 
Capt. Burns for commissaries at Detroit, Labay and 
Oswego respectively. 

14 [Sir William Johnson] to P. Hasenclever, touching Ru- 
Johnson Hall pert's potash manufacture, the stamp tax, high price 

of labor in the colonies and the difficulty of establish 
ing manufactures in America. 

15 E. Moseley about proceedings for the recovery of a negro 
Onohoquague \vho had fled to the Indian country; giving the names 

of several Indians who took part in his apprehen 

15 Gen. R. Burton, concerning the sale of rum to Indians, 
Montreal death of the Duke of Cumberland, the writer's inten 
tion to return to Europe and his son's fortunate voy 

1 6 John Duncan about delay of letters, which he conjectures 
Schenectady ma y be due to the troubles of Postmaster Vanschaack. 

17 Mich. Thodey, asking that he may be considered in ap- 
New York pointing commissaries. 

New York 

New York 













Feb. 17 Barnaby Byrn, asking appointment to a commissaryship 
New York an d indicating a preference for Ontario as his station. 12:48 

17 William Darlington, explaining the delay in a remittance 
New York an d relating the actions of a mob in the case of naval 

officer Williams and Lewis Pintard, charged with the 

issue and use of stamped paper. 49 

18 S. Kirtland, speaking of his relations with the Indians, 
Kaunauda- repeating words of Tekanondo and asking for an al- 

sa g e manac. [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 4:362-63; Q, 4:230] 50 

18 William Darlington, mentioning the receipt of a letter 
New York from John Johnson Bart, and also the arrival of 

letters for Guy Johnson and Col. Croghan. 51 

19 John Jenison, saying that he represents a house which 
Quebec has given credit to Joncaire Chabert and asking John 
son to certify to the losses of Chabert at the surrender 
of Niagara, in order that he may obtain indemnity 

from the French government. 52 

Statement of the losses of Lieut. Joncaire Chabert 
in the service of the French King, " dans le Petit fort 
de Niagara, du Platon au bas des grandes Cotes de 
Niagara et . . . dans la Cache de la Riviere de 
Chenondac ", in July 1759. [In French] 53 

20 [Sir William Johnson] to Maj. Moncrieffe, discussing the 
Johnson Hall intolerant temper of the times, Mr Conway's letter and - 

English sentiment touching American disturbances. 54 

20 [Sir William Johnson] to the merchants and traders at 

Johnson Hall Montreal, showing that they have little to fear from 

the attempt to establish a trade monopoly at La Baye 

on the basis of rights purchased of the Marquis de 

Vaudreuil. [11:210; 12:24] 55 

20 [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Gage, regarding posts to 

Johnson Hall be maintained, peace desired by the Cherokees and not 
by the Six Nations, a malady which may prevent his 
coming to New York, the proposed conference with 
Pondiac at Ontario, the policy of the western nations 
in allowing English possession of Fort Chartres, ap 
pointments for the Indian service at the principal posts 
and medals to be given to the Indians. 56 

20 [Sir William Johnson] to Sir Henry Moore saying that 
Johnson Hall the season and a severe malady forbid a journey to 

New York at this time, and that the crisis in this coun 
try calls for measures to prevent disorder, also dis 
cussing the affairs and interests of the militia regiment 
which he commands. 57 

21 [Sir William Johnson] to Mrs Gertrude Schuyler, offer- 
Johnson Hall jng a plea for Johannis Alter, imprisoned on a mort 
gage held by Mrs Schuyler, and asking acceptance of 

the mortgaged property for the debt. 50 



Feb. 21 [Sir William Johnson] to Mr Vanschaack, postmaster 
Johnson Hall [at Albany], giving directions about his letters and com 
plaining of delays in their transmission. 12:59 
21 [Sir Wiliam Johnson] to George Croghan about Capt. 
Johnson Hall Stirling's misrepresentation of the occupation of the 
Ilinois, preparations for meeting Pondiac and other 
Indians at Oswego, appointments of Indian commis 
saries, silver trinkets, " colly flower " and turnip seeds. 60 
21 Joncaire Chabert, petitioning Johnson to certify to his 
Montreal losses in property at the taking of Niagara, in order 
that he may obtain reparation from the French govern 
ment. 61 
24 Will. Pagan, asking in behalf of Mercer & Ramsay, pay- 
New York ment of an interpreter's account certified by Lieut. 

Gorrell. 62 

24 Hugh Wallace, asking that accounts and receipts may be 
New York sen t in order that the general may pay Col. Campbell 
and Capt. Howard, mentioning the prevailing hope that 
the Stamp Act will be repealed and expressing pleaure 
at the distinction conferred by the King on Johnson's 
son. 63 

24 John Brown, sending bill for chocolate, and offering to 
Schonactady supply other articles. 64 

24 H. Van Schaack, accounting for irregularities in the 
Albany ma ji an( j promising special attention to Johnson's letters. 65 

26 James Phyn on the difficulty of getting gunpowder and 
Schenectady the scarcity of strouds and Indian blankets. 66 

26 Peter Hasenclever, telling of the prospect that the trouble 
New York w ith England will be settled and of the defeat of 
Granville's coercion policy, and expressing the opinion 
that America should be treated with moderation. 67 

28 Francis Wade, concerning a letter for Capt. John John- 
Philad'a s ton, Wade's relations with Mr Croghan and an un 

pleasant incident in trade. 68 

28 John Duncan, expressing his pleasure at the knighting 
Schenectady o f Johnson's son and his sense of Sir William's services 

to King and country. 69 

Proceedings of condolence with the Shawanese, whose 
deputies were killed June 8, 1765, while on their way 
with George Croghan to the Illinois. 11:5 

Mar. i Francis Wade, to say that Capt. Johnson has been found 
Philad'a a t Neshameny in Bucks county. 12:70 

i [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Gage, laying before him 

Johnson Hall a dispute arising from the claim of one Cartier to the 

lands occupied by the Caghnawagas, near Montreal, 

and mentioning honors conferred on his son in England. 71 

3 John Duncan, mentioning the receipt of letters for the 

Schen'y upper posts and the early departure of his son for 

Europe. 7* 




Mar. 3 


New York 

John B. Van Eps about land which the brothers Joseph, 

Robert and Abram Yattes [Yates] will sell. 
Harry Gordon on the colonial disturbances and the British 
connection, foolish opinions, including that of the late 
commander in chief, about Indian expenses, the quali 
ties of Johnson's son [Sir John] and of Lord Adam 

4 James Phyn, sending congratulations on the knighting of 
Schenectady Sir William's son. 

4 John Macomb, congratulating on the honors to John 
Albany Johnson. 

Capt. Amos Ogden to [Sir William Johnson], saying that 
he will soon sail for England and asking a few 
words in his interest to people in that country. 
[Sir William Johnson] to Maj. Gen. Burton on Indian 






Johnson Hall complaints concerning the rum traffic, the trouble be 
tween Canada Indians and Mr Cartier overland 
[12:71], the need of a regular establishment for Indian 
affairs, death of the Duke of Cumberland, the recep 
tion of Johnson's son at court and the pleasure which 
a visit from Burton at Johnson Hall will give. 77 

6 Nicklass and Paulus, sacheerns, asking redress for bodily 
Cornojo- injury done to themselves and other Indians by Peter 

harr y Schuyler and his son. .78 

6 Deposition of Capt. Lemuel Barritt, of Cumberland Val 
ley, Pa., before Chief Justice William Allen regarding 
the murder of an Indian and circumstances that 
pointed to a certain Samuel Jacobs as the murderer. 
[Copy] [12:123] 79 

Capt. Normand MacLeod to [Sir William Johnson], 
recommending a carpenter, who can find no employ 
ment in New York. 80 
Dr Samuel Stringer, concerning a box brought up by 

John Ralph, skipper ; also matters of rent and storage. 81 
Jacobus Ter Bos, asking assistance to obtain a writ for a 
township on the northeast branch of the Sasskahanna 
and offering to reward any service. 82 

New York 



Duthes co. 

8 [Sir William Johnson] to Peter Hasenclever, discussing 
Johnson Hall the late violent proceedings in the provinces and ex 
pressing a desire that they may erjoy moderate power 
and reasonable liberty. 

8 [Sir William Johnson] to the mayor of Albany, regarding 
Johnson Hall gates which obstruct the highways in defiance of the 

commissioners' orders. 

8 [Sir William Johnson] to Sir Henry Moore, concerning 
Johnson Hall lands belonging to the Kats kill Indians and the unwill 
ingness of the Mohawks to sell land. 



Mar. 10 George Croghan about Hugh Crofford who is to con- 
Phi 11 - duct Pondiac to Oswego, Capt. Sterling's boast of 
surprising the Indians in the Illinois country, Cro- 
ghan's proposed return to that region, commissaries, 
smiths and interpreters, Croghan's accounts, a con 
dolence with the Shannas, Six Nation Indians mur 
dered near Fort Cumberland, and seeds and silver 
ware. 12:86 

12 John Duncan, introducing Alex'r Ellice, a new partner, 
Schenectady am i inquiring as to the effect of nonimportation on 

the Indian trade. 87 

13 William Darlington, concerning commissions for ser- 
New York vices to Johnson, the scarcity of money, effect of Stamp 

Act agitations on commercial honesty, servants that 

can be procured an defforts made for apprehending 

Connor ORourk. 88 

13 Peter Hasenclever about the potash manafacture, a tour 

New York o f Canada and New England which he meditates and 

measures in England respecting the Stamp Act. 89 

13 Abraham E. Wendell's bill of sale of negro Jacob to 

Sir William Johnson, consideration being 100 in 

New York currency. 7:8oa 

14 Account of Philip Boyle's losses by Indians in 1763. 15 1202 

15 [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Gage, touching Mr Cro- 
Johnson Hall ghan's losses in the Indian service, British policy toward 

America. Croghan's accounts and expenses and the fit 
ness of Mr (formerly Lieut. Col.) Cole, Lieut. Roberts 
and Lieut. Jehu Hay for Indian appointments. 12:90 

15 [Sir William Johnson] to Lieut. Col. Eyre Massy about 
Johnson Hall the number of Johnson's children, an honor conferred 
on one, the republican tendency in America, harmony 
in the Iniskilling regiment, and the campaign of 1759. 9f 

15 [Sir William Johnson] to Capt. McLeod on the effects 
Johnson Hall o f Johnson Hall hospitality, his son's reception in Eng 
land and an appointment desired by McLeod. 92 
15 Sir William Johnson's account of disbursements to the 
Johnson Hall westward, principally pay of interpreters and smiths 

1327, IDS, 9d. 26:30 

Memorandum of account containing some of the items 
of 26:30 and nothing not contained therein. [No 
date] n:i53 

Memorandum of account containing the same items as 
26 :30 but as some of these are not reduced from Penn 
sylvania to New York currency the total differs. [No 
date] 146 



Mar. 16 George Croghan about a rumor that Johnson was dan- 
Phill'a gerously ill, medicines recommended by Philadelphia 

physicians, which he sends, and the benefits of a visit 
to the seashore. 12:93 

17 Francis Wade, regarding Monture's draft, silver truck 
Phill'a which Wade would be glad to sell and men in hiding 

whose arrest Johnson desires. 94 

18 Abraham Lyle, asking payment of the " Honbl " John 
Albany Johnson's account and a draft drawn by Capt. Claus 

and notifying that there will be a dividend for the bene 
fit of the creditors of Robert Adems. 95 
18 William Bayley, to inform that applications for provisions 
Schenectady f or Indians should be made to Draper S. Wood, deputy 

commissary at Albany. 96 

20 Volckert P. Douw [mayor], regarding gates on the high- 
Albany ways along the Mohawk and a misstatement of his posi 
tion. [12:84] 97 

21 Aug. Prevost, regarding a captain's commission which 
Albany h e would like to purchase, and a recommendation from 

Sir William. 98 

22 [Sir William Johnson] to Gov. Murray, discrediting the 
Johnson Hall claim of Mr Cartier to the lands of the Caghnawagas 

in Canada, under a French grant of 1750. [12:71, 77] 99 

22 Sir William Johnson to Gen. Gage, concerning the claim 
Johnson Hall to lands held by the [Caghnawaga] Indians [12: 71, 
77> 99] > a meeting with Pondiac and the desire of the 
Shawanese for immediate revenge. loo 

22 [Sir William Johnson] to the Lords of Trade on the 
Johnson Hall occupation of Fort dartres, French designs, Mr Cro 
ghan 's intended journey to the Illinois, appointments 
made for the Indian service, necessity of considerable 
expenses in his department and William Grant's claim 
to La Baye de Puans. [11:210; 12:24, 55] [Doc. rel. 

to Col. Hist. N. Y. 7:816:18] 101 

23 [Aug.] Prevost, relative to Johnson's becoming a " Mas- 
Albany ter " of a [Masonic lodge]. 102 

24 Daniel Claus's account with Sir William Johnson for 

department expenses in Canada. 103 

24 Alexander McKee's account of services rendered to the 

Crown in the Indian Department at Fort Pitt ; with 

receipt to George Croghan. 104 

24 Robert Love's receipt to Alexander McKee for pay for 

attending the Indians. 105(1) 

24 John Meanner's receipt to Alexander McKee for pay for 

services as interpreter. 105(2) 

24 Alexander McKee's receipt to George Croghan for his 

pay as assistant agent. 105(3) 



Mar. 24 Dennis McElhenney's receipt to Alexander McKee for 

pay for attending the Indians. 12:105(4) 

24 Thomas McKee's receipt to George Croghan for pay for 

services as assistant Indian agent. 125 

24 [Sir William Johnson] to Joncair Chabert, relative to the 
Johnson Hall losses of the latter at the taking of Niagara in 1759. 
Also to Mr Jenison, sending a certificate concerning 
Chabert's losses. 106 

24 Capt. Normand MacLeod to [Sir William Johnson] about 
New York the effects of conviviality, a billiard table cloth, English 
sentiment on military men who have not supported the 
Stamp Act, and a lieutenant who likened the Sons of 
Liberty to the rebellious Scots of 1745. 107 

24 William Darlington, mentioning a statement in English 
New York papers that Sir John Johnson has been named for a 

governor's post in America. 108 

24 Alex'r Pott's receipt for 78, los paid by George Croghan 

Fort Pitt for medical service to Indians. 202 

25 William Weyman about continuing work on the Indian 

New York prayer book. [Doc. Hist N. Y. 4:364; Q, 4:230] no 

25 [Sir William Johnson] to Mr Kissam on the difficulty of 
Johnson Hall inducing the Mohawks to relinquish claim to any part 

of the Kayaderosseras patent and the terms on which 

they may agree to a settlement, [n 151, 54] in 

26 Capt. John Clarke to [Sir William Johnson], asking 
[Niagara] h ow he can be reimbursed for goods given to the 

Indians. 112 

26 George Croghan, concerning the employment of Hugh 
Phi11 - Crofford to conduct Pondiac to Oswego, pay of smiths 

and interpreters, the Detroit commissaryship, Mr Small- 
man and Mr McDugall, purpose of the French to 
establish a trading post on the Misisipia, inexpediency 
of encouraging the Shannas to take immediate revenge 
for last year's injury [n '.75], arrangements for paying 
employes in the western department, and the coming 
Indian congress in the Illinois country. 113 

26 [Sir William Johnson] to Lieut. Prevost about the appli- 
Johnson Hall cation of the latter [for a captaincy] and another affair 

[Masonic lodge, 12:102]. 114 

26 Lieut. B. Roberts to Sir William Johnson, congratulating 
Onondago O n the King's recognition of Johnson's services and 

Falls mentioning the proposed abandonment of posts from 

Fort Stanwix to Ontario. 115 

27 Petition of traders to Capt. John Clark, informing that 
Niagara two Canadians are trading with the Indians on the 

opposite side of the lake and asking the suppression of 

the grievance. 116 




Mar. 27 De Couagne, to say that all is well at the post, and, Capt. 
Niagara Arnett being indisposed, Capt. Cark is in command. 12:117 

27 [Sir William Johnson] to J. Watts about the reception 
Johnson Hall o f his son in England, English political divisions, the 
course of true patriotism in America, the duty of Par 
liament, possession of the Ilinois. 118 
27 [Sir William Johnson] to Lieut. Gov. Golden, discussing 
J'n Hall Amos Ogden's apparent desire for a grant of land about 
Wioming, a certificate of Ogden's services, the probable 
action of Parliament and the true way to preserve 
American liberty. 119 

27 H. S. Con way to James Murray, Governor of the province 
St James's of Quebec, ordering the restoration of Mr Walker to 

[London] the commission of the peace and his protection, re 
minding of an order in council for the punishment of 
those who tried to assassinate him [10:12, 72; 11:46] 
and demanding the maintenance of army discipline. 
Copied by Alexander Mackenzie and George Allsopp at 
Quebec, May 25. 120 

28 [Sir William Johnson] to G. Croghan about Thomas, the 
Johnson Hall bearer of the letter, Gov. Franklin, the murder of a Six 

Nation Indian [12:79], Maj. Earmarks arrival at the 

Ilinois, French intrigue and the coming meeting with 

Pondiac. 121 

28 [Sir William Johnson] to Peter Remsen, assuring that it 

Johnson Hall w iH be unwise to buy an interest in the Kayaderosseras 

tract unless the dispute with the Indians is settled. 122 

28 [Sir William Johnson] to Gov. Penn, expressing fear of 
Johnson Hall bad consequences unless the murder of an Ind ; an in 

Pensilvania [12:79] is avenged by law. 123 

28 [Sir William Johnson] to Capt. Harry Gordon on the con- 
Johnson Hall sequences of resisting British authority, need of guard 
ing the Ilinois country, critics of Indian management 

and of obligations of his son to Lord Adam Gordon. 124 

29 Lieut. J. T. Schlosser, relating a story of Indian violence 

and plunder at Rosco filds. 126 






George Croghan, of a project for purchasing French 
grants in the Ilinois country, Gov. Franklin's interest, 
and Dr Franklin's influence with the ministry, also the 
governorship designed for Sir John Johnson. 127 

Baynton, Wharton & Morgan on compensation to traders 
for Indian depredations, business desired, a pamphlet 
on a civil government for the Illinois country and a 
proposition to be submitted by Mr Croghan. [12:127] 128 

Memorial of French and English merchants to James 
Murray, Captain General and Governor of Quebec, 
arguing that traders' passes should convey the privilege 
of wintering among the Indians. [Copy] 25:51 

3 o8 



Mar. 31 

Francis Wade, giving an unfavorable opinion of a young 
man who seeks employment under Johnson and advising 
as to the chance of disposing of some negroes in Penn 
sylvania. 12:129 

George Croghan, recommending John Parrel, who carries 
on trade at Detroit. 130 

Peter Vergereau, inclosing directions for making potash 
and mentioning land and a mine in which he is inter 
ested. 131 

Will. Pagan to [Sir William Johnson], relative to the 
account held by Mercer & Ramsay and certified by 
Lieut. Gorrell. [Inclosing 12:132(2); May 21, 1763] 132(1) 

Peter Hasenclever about Sir John Johnson in England, 
the political situation in America, Mr Pitt's argument 
in the American cause, removal of powder and ball from 
the King's storehouses to the men-of-war, and Sir 
Henry Moore's license for plays, and the potash manu 
facture. 133 

Hugh Crawford's account of losses sustained from the 
Indians in 1763 by Maj. Thomas Smallman ; with de 
position. 15:204 

Capt. John Clarke's orders for regulation of trade with 
Indians expected at Niagara. 12:134 

Petition of traders to Capt. John Clarke for license to 
trade with the Indians, their passes having expired. 135 

4 [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Gage, concerning improve- 
Johnson Hall nients at Fort Schlosser, letters for the posts, Mr 

Croghan's expenses, plans for meeting Pondiac and 
maintaining control of the Illinois country, trade at 
Michilimackinac etc. 137 

5 Gov. James Murray to the merchants of Montreal, de 

claring his interest and an intention to prevent discrimi 
nation in licenses. [On page 4 of the memorial of the 
merchants of Montreal, March 30, 1765! [Copy] 25:51 

Capt. John Clarke to the traders, granting temporary 
permission to trade with Indians at Niagara without 
government licenses. 12:138 

Capt. John Clarke, mentioning a letter from Samuel 
Thrisland [Kirtland], Capt. Arnot's illness, the appli 
cation of traders for a temporary license, his orders for 
regulating trade [12:134] and his effort to seize the 
Frenchmen who are trading beyond Toronto. 139 

6 John Glen Jun'r, regarding orders which he will fill. 140 

6 Capt. John Brodhead and Samuell Gorsalus, asking John- 

Mamacocting son to dissuade the Indians from any thought of ven- 

Ulster co. geance against innocent people for the murder of an 

Indian in the Jerseys. [12:136; April 15] 142 



New York 

New York 



April i 









Apr. 6 Notice from Narraganset Indians to [Thomas] Ninegrett 
Charlestown that he is deposed from kingship. Signed by 156 

Indians. 25 153 

7 William Darlington, justifying his charge of commission 
New York f or services and mentioning articles shipped by Cor 
nelius Switts's sloop. 12:143 

8 List (from Mr Darlington) of sundries sent, in charge 
New York o f Cornelius Switts, to Dr Samuel Stringer [Albany] 

to be forwarded to Sir William Johnson. 144 

9 William Darlington about shipment of articles ordered. 145 
New York 

9 Speech of Ogastass, a Seneca chief; put in English by 
[Niagara] Mr Ryckman. 149 

n Francis Wade, regarding his relations with Mr Croghan, 
Philad'a goods which Croghan will probably take of him and a 

visit from Mr Flood. 146 

13 Richard Duncan, mentioning letters for Ireland intrusted 
Schenectady to him and expressing a grateful regard. 147 

14 Capt. John Clarke to [Sir William Johnson], repeating 
Niagara intelligence, brought by chief Oghastass, of a coming 

meeting of Shawanese, Hurons, flatt heads and distant 
nations at Fort Pitt. 148 

14 Capt. Normand MacLeod to [Sir William Johnson], 
New York mentioning the arrival of a vessel from the Havanna 
with money, delay in the repeal of the Stamp Act, car 
penters who wish employment and the purchase of 
jewels and utensils for the lodge. 150 

j-i5 Papers relative to the murder of an Oneida Indian by 

Robert Simmonds. [Copies] 136 

3 Abraham Van Campen to Gov. Franklin, ac- 
Pagequala quainting with the murder of an Oneyda at the 

Minisinks and the arrest of one Robert Simmonds 
on suspicion. 

9 Deposition of Samuel Davis, constable of Montague, 
and two assistants, regarding the commitment of 
Robert Seamor for the murder of an Oneida Indian 
and Seamors rescue by a mob. 

ii Abraham Van Campen to Gov. Franklin, informing 
Sussex Court that the man imprisoned for the murder of an ' 
Blouse Indian has been delivered by a mob. 

15 Proclamation of Gov. Franklin, of N. J., offering a 
reward for the arrest of Robert Simmonds, alias 
Seamon, or any person concerned in the murder of 
the Oneida. 

15 Gov. Wm. Franklin to Col. Van Campen, informing 
Burlington that he has offered a reward for the apprehension 

of the murderer and will request Sir William John 
son to endeavor to accommodate the affair with the 

3 io 



Apr. 15 








Memorial of merchants, asking the privilege of extending 
their trade beyond the posts and wintering among the 
savages and inclosing a new form of passport granted 
by the Governor of the province. [In English and 

Frances Wade, concerning the peculiarities of Mr Flood, 
failure to sell a negro boy, servants desired by Johnson 
and news of the repeal of the Stamp Act. 

John Spangenberg, saying that his creditors will grant him 
a year's release from jail, begging Johnson to become 
his bail and describing his miserable condition. 

L. Perthuis to [Sir William Johnson], informing that M. 
Chabert has given him 3000 livres for obtaining John 
son's certificate concerning Chabert's losses [12:53, 61, 
106] at Niagara. [In French] 

John Welles, mentioning the satisfaction of Montreal and 
Quebec traders with Johnson's assurances touching 
Indian trade and recommending Benj. Frobisher, who 
will go to Michilimackinac, as worthy of confidence. 
[Inclosing 25:51, 52 and 54 (i)] 25 

New form of license to trade with the Indians, granted 
under the Governor's proclamation of January 31, 


George Croghan on frontier crimes against Indians and 
the expediency of persuading Six Nation war parties 
going south to journey by the way of Fort Pitt. 

Elisabeth Maunsell, asking the return of [the late Peter 
Wraxall's] papers and mentioning Sir John Johnson's 
European tour and affairs of her family. 

P're Panet, giving an account of the land dispute between 
Rene Cartier and the Iroquois of Sault St Louis 
[12:71, 99], with a copy of a decision given at Ver 
sailles in 1737, confirming the Indians in possession of 
the land. [In French] 

Francis Wade about an indentured tailor whom he sends 
by his brother and a negro boy for whom he has failed 
to arrange a sale. 

Gen. Thomas Gage to [Sir William Johnson], mention 
ing a report of the repeal of the Stamp Act and asking 
advice about purchasing Indian lands. 

Lieut. Augustine Prevost, concerning a visit to Sir 
William which Capt. Prevost and the writer have been 
prevented from making. 

20 [Sir William Johnson] to Lord Adam Gordon, asking 
Johnson Hall his influence in behalf of Lieut. Prevost, of the 6oth, 
who desires leave to purchase Capt. Schlosser's com 











New York 





. ; 





Apr. 20 Col. Eyre Massy, introducing Capt. OBrien, recommend- . 
Montreal i n g Lieut. Madden for an Indian post and mentioning 
Gen. Burton, young Sir John, the 28th and 6oth regi 
ments ordered to Albany, the Stamp Act and the need 
that the Yankees be "brought down." 12:159 

23 Lieut. B. Roberts, expressing thankfulness for an ex- 
Onondago pected appointment and mentioning Col. Vaughan's 

*'alls journey to Niagara by way of Ontario. 160 

24 [Sir William Johnson] to Gov. Henry Moore on the 
Johnson Hall Governor's purpose in Indian affairs, the murder of 

friendly Indians by frontiersmen and the necessity of 
repairing the injury. 161 

25 William Darlington about articles sent and to be sent. 162 
New York 

26 Sir William Johnson's receipt to Gabriel Maturin for 
New York 1327, IDS, gd, payment of annexed account of disburse 
ments for the Indians to the westward and for inter 
preters. 26:31 

28 William Darlington about a church bell and other articles 
New\ork sen t per Mr Adams, two men servants obtained by 
Francis Wade of Philad'a for Johnson Hall, a painting, 
Susannah and the Two Elders, presented to Johnson by 
Darlington, and Pitt's speech, inclosed. 12:163 

May i George Croghan to Gen. Gage (duplicate), concerning 
Philadelphia nonpayment for goods bought by Croghan of Baynton, 
Wharton & Morgan on instructions from Gage; tender 
ing his resignation of office. 164 
2 P. Silvester, regarding action taken for Mrs Schuyler 
Albany against a debtor, also suits undertaken for Johnson 

against delinquents. 165 

2 Ab'm Yates Jun'r, acquainting with the discharge of Jo- 
Albany hannis Aid and the amount of costs. 166 

2 Joh's Vanderheyden, regarding his suit against Joh's 
Albany Alter, whose release he has ordered on Johnson's 

promise to assume Alter's debt. 167 

2 William Darlington about some servants lately in Gen. 
New York Gage's employ, now sent up to Johnson Hall, and money 

remitted to Col. George Croghan at Philadelphia. 168 

3 [Sir William Johnson] to Mr Perthuis, concerning the 

anxiety of the latter about the promise received from 
Mr Chabert 169 

3 [Sir William Johnson] to Gov. Murray on the propriety 
Johnson Hall o f restricting trade to posts where inspection can be 

maintained. 170 

3 William OBrien, announcing the intended journey of 
New York Lady Susan and himself to Niagara Falls, Montreal and 
Quebec, in the course of which they hope to see Sir 
William but shall not be able to visit Johnson Hall. 171 



May 3 [Sir William Johnson] to Gov. Franklin of N. Jersey, con- 
Johnson Hall cerning a scheme for making a settlement in the Illinois 

country, and the murder of an Oneida on the frontier, 12:172 
3 [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Gage on the con- 
Johnson Hall ditions of land investment in America, the ad 
vantages of the Illinois scheme [12:127, 172], 
Croghan's departure and Mr Grant's claim to a 
monopoly of trade about La Baye. [11:210; 12:24, 
55] 173 

6 Peter Hasenclever on repeal of the Stamp Act, an 
New York intended journey and recent public disturbances. 175 

6 Francis Wade, notifying of Mr Croghan's departure 
Philad'a an d his drafts on Johnson and Capt. Clawes in 

Wade's favor and asking payment of these and 
smaller accounts. 176 

7 R. Shuckburgh, touching the disagreeable relations of 
Detroit the garrison with the Poutowatimees and Johnson's 

invitation to western Indians to meet him at Oswego. 177 

9 [Sir William Johnson] to Lieut. Gov. Golden, touch- 
Johnson Hall i n g the effect of Mr Pitt's speech and Colden's 

spirited attitude in the late popular disturbances. 178 

10 [Sir William Johnson] to Mrs Maunsell on the papers 
Johnson Hall o f [Peter Wraxall], his son's reception in England 

and the character of the late Mr Stillwell.' 179 

10 Account of Dennis Crohon's losses by the Indians in 
Carlisle 1763; sworn to before Wm. Lyon. 15:216 

12 Sir William Johnson to Conradt Frank, an order for 
Johnson Hall two gallons of rum. 12:180 

12 Invoice of stores forwarded to Sir William Johnson by 
New York William Darlington. 141 

12 William Darlington's account of commissions due 

New York f rO m Sir William Johnson. 181 

13 George Croghan's account of losses by the Indians 
Cumberland m 1763; deposition before Francis Campble. 15:212 

county, Fa. 

Memorandum of Mr Croghan's goods. 213 

15 Adr'n Bancker Jun'r, John M. Beeckman, Benj'n Kis- 
New York sam> Adrian Renaudet and Antho. Van Dam, re 
garding a settlement of the trouble with the In 
dians over the Kayadarosseras patent. [11:51, 
54; 12:111] 12:182 

17 [Sir William Johnson] to Sir H. Moore, Governor, 
Johnson Hall concerning a tract which Mr Hogan desires to 

purchase from the Oneidas. 183 

17 [Sir William Johnson] to Maj. Gen. Burton, re- 
Johnson Hall gretting conditions which have prevented an in 
terview and wishing a safe and agreeable voyage 
to England. 184 




May 17 Account of losses from Indian depredations met by 
Bedford, Pa. John Ormsby in 1763; deposition before Jas. Max 

19 Robert Leake, asking estimates as to the number of 
Indians who will attend the congress at Fort 
Ontario and the length of their stay. 
J. T. Kempe, declaring his interest in a proposed In 
dian land purchase, acknowledging the receipt of 
costs in certain suits and mentioning the repeal of 
the Stamp Act. 

John Watts, introducing Mr Cooper (president of 
[New York?] the college) and exhibiting pleasure at the repeal 

of the Stamp Act. [Without date] 
John Kelly, seeking employment as clerk to Johnson. 

New York 


New York 

New York 

N. York 






New York 







Dr Peter Middleton, sending deputation for St Patrick's 
Masonic lodge. 

Jacob Harsin (smith) about difficulties in obtaining 
a shop, tools and provisions. 

Francis Wade, regarding Mr Croghan's drafts, ser 
vants sent by Wade to Johnson and Croghan's in 
tended journey down the [Ohio] river. 

James De Lancey, recommending John Kelly for em 
ployment as clerk. 

L. B. Hertel to Chevalier Johnson, generale des 
troupes Angloises, asking continued interest in her 
husband, who is trading at the upper posts. [In 

William Thompson's account of losses from the In 
dians in 1763; sworn to before John Armstrong. 

John Welles, mentioning Mr Antill's mission to 
Quebec, Col. Carlton's appointment as lieutenant 
governor, Mr Walker's arrival from London, judicial 
changes in the province, Col. Massy's worth and 
standing, trouble with Indians at Detroit and the 
slight prospect of relief from London for sufferers 
by the Montreal fire. 

Sir William Johnson's memorial to his Majesty in 
council, reciting his losses by his connection with 
Indian affairs, also his payments for the Indian 
grant near Canajoharee, and asking confirmation 
of that grant, increase of salary and an allowance 
for military services and expenditures for the public 
interest. [Indorsed: Memorial to the King presented 
May 1766] [Doc. rel. to Col. Hist. N. Y. 7:839-42; 
the date given, 8th of July, is that of its reference to 
the Lords of Trade] 














June I 

Jost Herchheimer's account of liquors furnished to 
Indians by order of Sir William Johnson; receipted 
September 12, 1766, by Han Jost Herchheimer. 10:243 

John Stuart, superintendent of the southern depart- 
Charles Town men t, on the Cherokees' desire for peace with their 
northern enemies, a boundary line, the ambition of 
the Creeks and a common Indian policy for the 
southern provinces. 25:57 

3 [Sir William Johnson] to Gov. H. Moore, concerning 
Johnson Hall land which the Indians may be willing to sell and 
the efforts of Mr Remsen and George Klock to ob 
tain possession of the tract at Conajoharee which 
Johnson has bought of the Indians. 12:194 

Dr R. Shuckburgh about border incidents and the 
satisfaction of the French and Indians at Fort 
Chartres with English government. 196 

Joseph Wharton and others, presenting a communica 
tion in favor of establishing a colony " at the 
Illinois " and asking that the project be recom 
mended to the ministry. i.>7 

Capt. Thomas Morris to [Sir William Johnson], re 
peating a message from a Seneca chief relating to 
the dissatisfaction of the Shawanese, Delawares 
and other tribes at the sale of lands on the Ohio 
by the Senecas; and giving Morris's reply. 198 

Lieut. B. Roberts to [Sir William Johnson] about his 
arrival, dulness of trade, competition with Toronto 
and Little Niagara and Pondiac's stay at Miami. 204 

John Wetherhead to [Sir William Johnson] to say 
that his purchase from the Mohawks may well be 
deferred till the dispute over the Caiderosseras is 
settled. 195 

Baynton, W r harton & Morgan's recount against the 
Crown; certified by Alexander McKee and Capt. 
William Murray; and receipted to George Croghan. 199 

Richard Butler's receipt to George Croghan for money 
paid for smith work; account certified by Capt. 
William Murray. 200 

Account of goods left in the King's store by George 
Croghan in May of the preceding year; certified by 
Capt. William Murray. 201 

Baynton, Wharton & Morgan's account against the 
Crown; with receipt to George Croghan, and certifi 
cate of Capt. William Murray. 203 

George Croghan's account against the Crown for 
2321, 95, 8d; with acknowledgment of payment by 
means of a draft in favor of Baynton, Wharton and 
Morgan. 206 








Fort Pitt 

[Fort Pitt] 

[Fort Pitt] 

Fort Pitt 

Fort Pitt 




June 14 Capt. Thomas Osborne to [Sir William Johnson], 
recommending to favor a young gentleman whom 
misfortune, not guilt, has compelled to flee his 

Johannes Lawyer and Jacob Zimmer about tracts of 
land for which these and other persons desire 

Oliver De Lancey, declaring hesitation to purchase 
the lands bequeathed to William Cosby unless they 
were conveyed to his mother, Mrs Cosby, before he 
became insane. Doc. Hist. N. Y. 2:830; Q, 2:482] 

Wi.liam Darlington, concerning his recent visit to 
Johnson, business matters and a boy whom he will 
board for 20 a year, washing and mending in 

George Croghan's draft on Johnson for 2321, gs, 
8d to the order of Baynton, Wharton & Morgan. 

William Darlington about sundries for Johnson and 
Capt. Claus and a schoolmaster for the boy who 
will be sent down to New York. 

[Sir William Johnson] to Messrs Wharton and others 
Johnson Hall [12:197], repeating the assurances given to Gov. 
Franklyn of his approval of a project for a settlement 
in the Illinois country. 

Lieut. Col. John Campbell, regarding the expenses of 
Mr Crawford's Indian negotiations, and the trouble 
with the Potowatamis. 

Gw. Banyar, asking information about vacant lands 
for which Francis Pfister and James Duane and 
associates have petitioned. 

Commissary B. Roberts to [Sir William Johnson], 
mentioning the capture and examination of Isaac 
Todd, charged with illicit trading at Toronto, other 
instances of such trade, the monopoly at La Baye 
[11:210; 12:24, 55], a complaint touching the in 
terpreter, and inconveniences arising from the com 
missary's limited means and authority. 

Commissary B. Roberts, regarding the murder of a 
chief by Powtawatamys, Indian jealousy of Pondiac 
and incidents at the post. 

Commissary Edward Cole, acknowledging his appoint 
ment, saying that he will go by the way of Fort 
Pitt to join Croghan on the Ohio and mentioning an 
Illinois chief whom Pondiac has stabbed. 

Lieut. Robert Johnston, to express regret that Mr 
Brown, the clergyman, has failed to return to 
Johnson a horse intrusted to his care. 



New York 

New York 

Fort Pitt 

New York 



New York 






12 1207 














June 28 [Sir William Johnson] to Attorney General Kempe, 
Johnson Hall declaring a desire to serve his interests and dis 
cussing the failure of the Klayaderosseras patentees 
in the effort to accommodate their dispute with the 

28 [Sir William Johnson] to Dr Middleton on the con- 
Johnson Hall ditions which favor the success of masonry in the 
Mohawk country. 






Fort Erie 


[Sir William Johnson] to the Lords of Trade on the 
Hall appointment of commissaries, the coming meeting 
with Pondiac and other western chiefs, the murder 
of Indians by frontiersmen, a conflict growing out 
of antirent movements, the need of putting Indian 
affairs on a basis independent of local interference, 
the proposed boundary between settlements and 
Indian lands, and his request, here renewed, that 
Richard Shuckburgh may be appointed secretary 
for Indian affairs. [Doc. rel. to Col. Hist. N. Y. 

[Sir William Johnson] to Hen'y Seymour Conway, 
Hall one of his Majesty's principal secretaries of state, 
showing the effect of crimes and encroachments in 
rousing Indian hostility, the need of a uniform plan 
in his department, the bad policy of the English 
colonists toward the Indians and the readiness of 
Frenchmen to take advantage of English mistakes. 
Woe. rcl to Col. Hist. N. Y. 7:834-36] 

Edward Cole to [Sir William Johnson] to say that he 
will go by way of the Meamies to join Mr Croghan, 
and that the St Joseph Indians have taken a prisoner 
at the Illinois. 

A. C. Cuyler's bill to Sir William Johnson for goods 
99, 135, 6d. 

Lieut. John Garden, saying that Mr Crawford with 
Pondiack and other chiefs arrived the 27th and set 
out three days after for Oswego, commending 
Crawford and Chenes the interpreter, also Mr 
Cicote of Detroit, and recommending that Fort 
Erie be made a trading post. 

Account Sales of 124 Packs Deer Skins, Beaver and 
Peltry, received of Edward Cole at Detroit in 
August 1764 for account and risque of Said Edward 
Cole and Henry Van Schaack, also sales of Beaver 
& Peltry bo't at Albany for account & risque as afore 
said. With receipt of Edward Cole for his half of 
the furs shipped Messrs Bunyan, Turner & Laird. 




June 30 Edward Cole's receipt to Henry Van Schaack for his 
Detroit note of hand for ^2228, 2s, 5d and Cole's agree 

ment to deduct certain advances from that amount. 
Witnessed by Sam. Fleming. 25:58 

31 Lieut. B. Roberts, regarding his reception of Pondiack and 
Niagara the chief's words. 12:227 

J. T. Kempe to Mr Wetherhead, advising delay in 
a land purchase from the Indians and discussing the 
claims in their legal aspects of the Cayaderosseras 
patentees. [Not dated but indorsed: June 1766. Pos 
sibly earlier than 12:195, June 11] 205 

Edward Pollard's bill against Hugh Crawford for 
entertainment furnished to Pondiac and party; com 
missary B. Roberts's certificate; and Pollard's re 
ceipt, per Alexander Macomb, for Crawford's draft 
on Roberts. 228 

Hugh Crawford's draft- on Lieut. Benj'n Roberts in favor 

of Edward Pollard. [Inclosed with 12:242(1)] 242(2) 

Edward Cole, commissary, in account with Edward 
Mumford. 13:95 

J. Hasbrouck, notifying of shipment of millstones and 

arranging for delivery and payment. 12 :229 

Duncan, Phyn & Ellice's bill to Sir William Johnson 
Schenectady for merchandise. 230 

Duncan, Phyn & Co's account of articles furnished to 
commissary Normand MacLeod for Indians ^89, is, 
i id. 231 

Lieut. B. Roberts about Lady Susan's journey to the 
Royal Blockhouse and a difference of opinion be 
tween him and Capt. Rogers as to Johnson's au 
thority in Indian affairs. 232 
4 [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Gage, regarding a sus- 
Joiinscm Hall picion which they entertain of a person not mentioned, 
offenses against Indians, want of provisions at 
Ontario, the need of instructions to officers at the 
posts to aid the Indian commissaries, and trade car 
ried on at Toronto, Kente and Cadarackqui in de 
fiance of regulations. 233 

Rev. Eleazar Wheelock, discussing missionary and 
school work among Indians, mentioning the ambi 
tion in that direction of two Yale students and say 
ing that the Rev. Mr Pomeroy and Wheelock's son 
will confer with Johnson about the place for a 
school. [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 4:365-68; Q, 4:231-32] 234 

Lorimier to [Sir William Johnson], asking that his 
son may be employed as an interpreter among the 
Iroquois. [In French] 235 

July i 















July 5 Baynton, Wharton & Morgan, forwarding a letter 
Philad'a from Fort Pitt and Mr Croghan's draft, naming 

Henry White as their New York correspondent and 
mentioning a sudden rise of the Ohio of 15 feet. 12 '.236 

5 John B. Van Eps's account 17, 173. 237 

6 Gov. H. Moore, to say that he will defer his visit till 
New\ork the weather is settled, to ask what presents he shall 

bring for the Indians and to express a desire to serve 
Johnson with the Assembly in regard to his lands. 238 

Dr Peter Middleton to [Sir William Johnson], making 
general suggestions for the conduct of a masonic 
lodge. 239 

Mr Croghan, deputy agent of Indian affairs, to Maj. 
Gen. Gage (extract), of a present and a concession 
in trade which he has been obliged to make to In 
dians. 240 

William Darlington, touching correspondence which 
he has forwarded to England, orders which he will 
fill and a boy for whose schooling he has made 
an arrangement. 241 

Lieut. B. Roberts, sending Hugh Crawford's draft on 
Roberts in favor of Edward Pollard [12:242(2), July 
i] and asking instructions in the matter of presents 
to Indians. 242(1) 

Gw. Banyar about the sale of lands at Sackendage and 
North Hampton belonging to Maj. Clarke, the Gov 
ernor's interest in land enterprises, a tract north of 
the Mohawk and opposite Fort Hendrick in which 
Banyar and Johnson were once interested and a 
danger that the Governor will lop off valuable 
emoluments. 243 

9 Capt. John Butler, reporting incidents of a journey to 

the Oneida country and his return. 25 159 

9 Duncan, Phyn & Ellice's account against Sir William 
Schenectady Johnson. 12 1246 

A blank form of testimonial, engraved, for Indians; 
certifying attachment to his Britannic Majesty's 
interest. [No date] 

10 [Sir William Johnson] to H. S. Conway, principal secre- 
Johnson Hall tary of state, commending the scheme for a colony at 

the Ilinois. 13:1 

Baynton, Wharton & Morgan, communicating favor 
able expressions from Doctor Franklin concerning 
the Illinois colonizing scheme. 2 

Robert Adems's bill to Sir William Johnson 24, 
Fort Johnson I2 s, 6d. 3 

12 Jacob H. Ten Eyck about a packet from Henry 
Albany White of New York, which the writer forwards. 4 


New York 


New York 






July 13 Conrad Franck's pass to Jacob Ittig and Stoffel Strubel, 
Bornetsfield permitting them to drive some cattle to Oswego. With 
three additions by Daniel Claus, bearing on the faith 
fulness of the drovers. 

13 John Miller's acknowledgment regarding the use of a 
horse belonging to John Thompson at Burnets'ld 
and his agreement to pay 20 shillings. Indorsed 
with Thompson's agreement; and also with the 
names of Rutholf Schumacher, Conrad Follmer and 
Thomas Follmer. 

[Sir William Johnson] to Gov. H. Moore, regarding 
the postponement of the Governor's visit, a present 
for Indians, lands desired by Johnson, murder of 
Indians by frontiersmen, and an application for a 
land grant by Mr Banyar and others. 

Lieut. B. Roberts, concerning advices from Capt. 
Howard of an intended Indian attack on Michili- 
mackinak, liberality toward the Indians at Niagara, 
some discourse with Maj. Rogers, and Mr Van- 
schaack's still. 

William Darlington's account with Ab. Duryee for 
goods bought for Sir William Johnson. 

Capt. Normand MacLeod about the difficulty of ob 
taining conveyance for Pondiac and suite. 

Francis Wade, inquiring about Mr Croghan's bill on 
Sir W r illiam and one on Capt. Clawes, also Mr John 
Johnson's note. 

Edward Cole, mentioning his good reception by the 
Indians and news from Mr Croghan. 

Edward Cole's account with Fr. Hamback. 




New York 







Fort Ontario 

New York 

New York 

New York 


12 1247 

Capt. Daniel Claus, relating the failure of a design to 
send Pondiac to Johnson Hall, treacherous acts of 
the Senecas and success of an Onondaga war party. 

Cornelius Van Sanfort's receipt to William Darlington 
for goods to be delivered at Albany to Dr Stringer. 

William Darlington about letters forwarded to Eng 
land, articles sent in care of Hugh Fraser, etc. 

William Darlington's account against Sir Wiliam 

Mich'l Byrne on the progress of farm work and 
Johnson Hall building enterprises. 

21 Barnaby Byrn, mentioning the Indians' objection to 
New York his occupancy of Fort Brewerton by virtue of a 
warrant given him by Gen. Gage, and asking if 
their opposition has been overcome. 














July 22 
New York 

Order by Rich'd Maitland, Dep'y Adj't Gen., relating 


Fort Erie 



to commissaries and interpreters and the appoint 
ment of Capt. Robert Rogers at Michillimackinac. [In 
closed in no. 56] 13 :57 

Edward Cole's account with Joseph Paillies. [In French] 97 

Lieut. John Garden to [Sir William Johnson], applying 
for appointment as commissary, explaining the alarm 
at Michilimakinack and inclosing a deed of land at 
Detroit given him by Pondiack. 13 

James Gordon's bill to Robert Adams for articles 
bought for Sir William Johnson. 14 

Proceedings of a congress of the Outawas, Hurons, 
Poudewat. and Chippeways with Sir William John 

The Huron chief expresses amity, thanks for the ex 
tension of trade and appointment of commissaries, 
interpreters and smiths, and a desire that Mr Craw 
ford may be an assistant to Mr Hay. " 

Pondiac, the Ottawa chief, declares his authority and 
sincerity, as well as his intention of giving up all 
white captives, his satisfaction with the trade regula 
tions, his intention to preserve a general peace and 
his desire for the retention of Mr Hay and the ap 
pointment of Mr Crawford. [Doc. rel. to Col. Hist. 
N. Y. 7:857-59] 25:60 

Lieut. B. Roberts to [Sir William Johnson] on the 
state of affairs at the post and the Senecas' dis 
trust of Decouagne. 13:15 

Joseph Simon and Thomas Mitchell's losses by the In 
dian war in 1763; deposition before Adam Simon 
Kuhn. 15:215 

Mynd't My. Wemple's account against Sir William 
Johnson. 13:16 

Myndert M. Wemple's account against Sir William 
Johnson. 18:56 

Account of expenses attending the congress at On 
tario, and an account of goods bought for a present 
to the western Indians. 13:18 

30 Account of goods received by Capt. Normand Mac- 
Fort Ontario Leod; acknowledged by MacLeod at Johnson Hall, 

November 15, 1766. 19 

30 John Farrell & Co.'s note for 66 to Capt. William 

Michilimack- Howard. 176(2) 


31 W. Johnson's order to Lieut. Jehu Hay to pay 40 to 
Ontario Elleopolle Chesne, interpter; receipted by Eleopolle 

Chense. 110(2) 














July 31 Nicholas Capar's account against Edward Cole for 
Post Vincent 469 livres ; with receipt by Rich'd Winston for 
Nicholas Chapar. 

W. Johnson's order to Lieut. Jehu Hay to pay 10 
to Jacko Bekier; receipted by Jaco Beki[er]. 

Robert Adems's bill to Sir William Johnson. 

John McKinley's bill and receipt to Sir William 

Capt. Normand MacLeod to [Sir William Johnson] about 
his efforts to placate an offended Mishilimackina chief, 
the jealousy of Pondiac entertained by western Indians, 
dissatisfaction of French and Indian traders with the 
trade regulations, gifts to the Senecas, difficulties of 
MacLeod's situation, and dislike of the upper nations 
for Mr Hay as commissary. 

4 Thos. Meares's receipt to Sir William Johnson for 15 
Fort shillings for the hire of a horse. 


5 Conrad Franck's account of sundries furnished to Sir 
Burnetsfield William Johnson. 

5 Robert Callender's account of losses in the Indian war 
Philadelphia i n 1763; sworn to before William Coxe. 

7 Daniel Claus about a visit to Aughquisasne, and the 
fighting strength of that village, Indian complaints 
about the sale of rum between Three Rivers and Car- 
rillon, and the efforts of Col. Massey to procure them 
satisfaction, and also protection for their lands. 
Capt. Normand MacLeod to [Sir William Johnson] 
about the desire of Portier, a French trader, to engage 
in the ginseng trade with the Indians. 
A resolution of the Council ordering Geo. Allsopp to re 
move a house erected by him on the King's domain; 
and authorizing Peter Stuart, justice of the peace, to 
remove it. Signed by J. A. Potts, D. C. C. 
Thomas Mitchell's account of losses from Indians in 
1763; deposition before Adam Simon Kuhn. 











New York 




Thomas Mitchell's statement of losses by the French and 
Indians ; sworn and subscribed before Adam Simon 

William OBrien to [Sir William Johnson] on Sir Wil 
liam's recent illness, the writer's desire to purchase 
Indian land and his apprehension of the consequences 
of failure. 

Alexander McKee's draft on Sir William Johnson in favor 
of Baynton, Wharton & Morgan for 299, 43. [13:65] 













Aug. 9 




New York 


New York 

Fort Erie 

New York 




Fort Erie 

Jehu Hay, informing of an order which he has drawn on 
Johnson in favor of John Bliker, asking if he is to 
draw for the pay of interpreters and mentioning dissi 
pation at the post. 13 129(1) 

Jehu Hay's draft on Sir William Johnson in favor of 
John Bliker; indorsed by John J. Bleecker and Lucas 
Van Veghten and receipted, Nov. 22, 1766, by A. C. 
Cuyler. 29(2) 

Baynton, Wharton & Morgan to Maj. Gen. Gage (ex- 
tract), informing of Mr Morgan's arrangement to send 
goods among the Shawanese without a license from 
the Governor of Pennsylvania but expressing their 
determination to be guided by Gage's commands in this 
matter. 30 

Peter Hasenclever, concerning a proposal to buy from 
the Onida Indians some 40,000 acres of land near 
Cosby's manor, a scheme for establishing a company 
to trade with the Indians at Niagarra and Detroit 
and to victual the troops, dealings with Frans Ruppert 
in pearlash and potash, Peter Remsen's claim against 
Ruppert and London news, including the Duke of 
Graf ton's resignation. 31 

Ab'm Lyle about an order for lemons and limes and 
other articles to be sent in care of J. B. Van Epps, 
an order drawn by Johnson on Col. Eyre Massy for 
goods for the Massauga Indians, and information 
which throws light on the death of Capt. J. Lottridge. 32 

John Ramsay, complaining that a sum due on Lieut. 
Gorrell's certificate is still unpaid and begging that 
Johnson will draw on the general in his behalf for this 
money. 33 

Joseph Annett's and Alex. Simpson's receipt to Jehu 
Hay for pay for labor. 111(2) 

Peter Hasenclever, concerning the business troubles of 
Ruppert and Remsen, and an affray between the Sons 
of Liberty and soldiers, illness of Sir Henry Moore, 
Mr Freidenberg's lease of land on Lake Champlain, 
the 28th regiment review, and the establishment of a 
company for Indian trade at Deitroit. 34 

Capt. Normand MacLeod, concerning the desire of 
Joseph [Brant] that he may have a young Indian com 
panion. 36 ( i ) 

Same, concerning the intention. of Pertuis to yield the 
place of Indian interpreter unless he can have the priv 
ilege of trade, also the prices paid for peltry. 36(2) 

Same, concerning the bearer, Portier, and his desire to 
trade. 37 

Peter Shryner's account against Lieut. Hay, receipted. m(i) 




Aug. 17 
Fort Erie 











Jehu Hay to Capt. MacLeod, describing his trouble with 
Mr Crawford, the illness of a Huron chief and a dis 
pute with Monsieur Fleurimon over trade restrictions. 13:40 

John De Berniere to [Sir William Johnson], mentioning 
the failure of a land speculation and seeking appoint 
ment as commissary. 41 

Thomas Lottridge about the accounts of the late Capt. 
John Lottridge, his brother. 42 

Account of goods bought by Capt. John Lottridge in 1759 
and 1760 for the use of the Indians at Oswego. [In 
closed in no. 42] 43(1) 

Memorandum of articles bought of Robt. McCoy by Capt. 
Lottridge for the Indians. [Inclosed in no. 42] 43(2) 

Capt. John Lottridge in account with Thomas Lottridge 
for goods purchased in 1759 and 1760. [Inclosed in 
no. 42] 44(1) 

John Lottridge's account with Joh's Beeckman, Aug. 20, 
1763; attested by Beeckman before John Cuyler, alder 
man, in Albany. Indorsed with Beeckman's receipt 
to Thomas Lottridge of March 8, 1765. [Inclosed in 
no. 42] 44(2) 

Sir William Johnson's instructions to Capt. John Lot- 
teradge, given at Oswego, October 14, 1759. [Inclosed 
in no. 42] 45 

Anthony Van Slyck's receipt to Capt. John Lot 
tridge for i, 6s; given April 2, 1760. [Inclosed in 
no. 42] 46(1) 

Capt. John Lottridge's account with Albart Ryckman for 
goods bought at Oswago in 1760. [Inclosed in no. 42] 46(2) 

Capt. Lotridge's account with Jno. Fitzgerald for articles 
bought May 12 and 15, 1760. [Inclosed in no. 42] 46(3) 

A list of articles supplied to a party of Indians going on 

service. [Inclosed in no. 42?] 47 

Edward Chinn and Joseph Howard to [Sir William John 
son] on the trade monopoly at Chegotimi. 48 

Deposition of Edward Chinn regarding trade abuses at 
Chegotimi and his dispute with Mr Stuart over the 
location of a house. Taken before Isaac Todd. [In 
closed in no. 50] 49 

Daniel Claus on a late conference with Indians, influence 
exercised by priests over Canadian Indians and meas 
ures to lessen it, Edward Chinn's deposition, trade ad 
vantages and abuses at Tadoussac, the scarcity of money 
and uselessness of bills drawn on New York. 50 

Account of losses sustained from the Indians by John 
Welch, deceased; with affirmation of Samuel Wharton, 
administrator, before William Coxe. 15 1201 



Aug. 19 Account of losses sustained by Baynton & Wharton and 
Philada. Callendar & Spear from the Indians; with affirmation 

by Samuel Wharton before William Coxe. 15 1203 

19 Account of losses sustained from the Indians in 1763 
Philadelphia by David Franks, Joseph Symons, Levy Andrew Levy 

and William Trent. 206 

20 [Sir William Johnson] to the Lords of Trade, concerning 
Johnson Hall the conference with Pondiac, Indian jealousy of en 
croachments and resentment for murders of which the 
whites are guilty, the need of established methods for 
redressing these grievances, the recklessness of popu 
lar sentiment, violation of trade regulations and the 
desire of the Six Nations for a boundary between their 
lands and those of the whites. [Doc. rel, to Col. Hist. 

N. Y. 7:85i-53] 13:51 

21 Lieut. John Garden's account of expenses incurred by 
Fort Erie Pondiack and the Indians going to the congress at 

Ontario. 90(2) 

22 Baynton, Wharton & Morgan's receipt to George Croghan 
FortChartres for 113. 1 65 

22 [Sir William Johnson] to Sir Henry Moore, mentioning 
Johnson Hall the journey to Ontario, Sir Henry's late illness and his 

coming visit to Johnson Hall. 52 

24 Capt. Harmen Kneckerbacker and other officers, inform- 
Halfmoon ing of Col. Isaac Man's attempt to make them take 
and Schac- commissions in his regiment and avowing their 
takook preference to serve under Johnson. 53 

24 Commissary B. Roberts on the improved honesty of the 
Niagara Indians about the post. 54 

25 Wm. Smith Jun., John Morin Scott and Benjn. Kissam, 
Albany informing that they have a power of attorney from the 

Kayadorasseres heirs and offering new terms of settle 
ment to the Indians. 55 
25 Capt. Normand MacLeod to [Sir William Johnson] on 
Ontario trading affairs at Ontario and the neighborhood of 
Toronto, dissatisfaction of the Five Nations at trade 
restrictions. 56 

25 Ligonier's receipt to Edward Cole for 300 livres for 

Fort Chartres services as pilot and voyager. 99(2) 

26 Lieut. Aug. Prevost, acknowledging courtesies. 58 

26 [Sir William Johnson] to Messrs Smith, Scott and Kis- 
Johnson Hall sam, mentioning the obstacles to a settlement of the 
Kayaderosseras dispute, particularly the bad faith with 
which the agreement about the Livingston patent is 
being carried out, suggesting a mode of settlement and 
promising cooperation. [13.55] 59 




Aug. 26 Lieut. Jehu Hay about a contention with Maj. Bayard 
Detroit over Hay's quarters, preparations for trade and offenses 

against the garrison committed by Puttawattamies of 
St Joseph. 

26 Sir William Johnson's account with Gerardus Duyckinck 
New York for household and library articles. 

26 G. Duyckinck about articles mentioned in no. 61. 
New York 

27 Attorney General J. T. Kempe, considering three ways 
Albany o f settling the Cayaderosseras dispute [9:250], the 

claimants' renunciation of claim, act of Assembly and 
act of Parliament 

27 Account of sundries furnished the Mississagas, Sauteaux 
Montreal anc j Outawas by Mr Pillet. Certified by Daniel Claus 

and Lieut. Col. Eyre Massy. 

28 Capt. Daniel Claus, asking that 100 be sent him in care 
Montreal o f St John, informing of St John's services and fitness, 

and of infringements on trade regulations at Michilimc. 

28 Baynton, Wharton & Morgan, urging payment of money 

Philada. advanced to Mr Croghan, quoting Doctor Franklin in 

support of the Illinois colony project, and discussing 

Mr Morgan's agreement to take goods to the lower 

Shawanese town; inclosing a draft by Mr McKee in 

their favor. 

28 Capt. Normand MacLeod, inclosing Mr Hay's letter of 
Ontario August lj. 

28 Gw. Banyar, recommending to Sir William's good offices 
New York Hugh Frazier, and saying that, a dispute about land 
between Mr Frazier and Mr Duane having been settled 
by the Governor as referee, his Excellency desires to 
assist Mr Frazier in obtaining an interest in an Indian 

28 James M. Meen's and Isaac Williams's receipt for five 
Fort De dollars each to Edward Cole. 


28 Charles McNamara's receipt to Edward Cole for 18 dol- 
Fort Chartres lars for pay as interpreter. 

28 John Baptist Nodrie's receipt to Edward Cole for 60 
Fort Chartres Hvres for the hire of a horse from Fort De Troit. 

29 [Sir William Johnson] to Peter Hasenclever about the 
Johnson Hall l an d purchase which the latter desires to make in the 

Oneida country, the proposed Detroit company, a late 
popular disturbance and the effect of frontier crimes 
against the Indians. 

29 [Sir William Johnson] to W. OBrien, mentioning his 
Johnson Hall desire to assist Mr OBrien in a land purchase, also the 
satisfactory result of the conference with Pondiac at 











Aug. 29 Rich'd Winston's receipt to Edward Cole for 150 livres 

Fort Chartres for a horse furnished two Shawney Indians. 13:101(1) 

30 Henry I. Bogert's receipt to William Darlington for 
New York articles received by him, to be delivered for Sir William 

Johnson to Dr Samuel Stringer at Albany. 38(2) 

30 Peter Hasenclever, commenting on ministerial changes in 
New Yorck England, the late acts of Parliament for the regulation 
of trade, and asking assistance to make a purchase 
from the Onida Indians. 70 

30 William Darlington, about an order for goods which he 
New York nas filled, and some business inclosures. 71 

30 Rich'd Winston's receipt to Edward Cole for 160 livres 

Fort Chartres on account of St Marie. IOI (2) 

31 Capt. Normand MacLeod, about movements of French 
Ontario canoes towards Beccanti, Detroit and Mishilimackina, 

and Indian expenses contracted at the post. 72 

31 Edward Cole, commissary for the Ilinois country, in ac- 
Fort Chartres count with John Baptist Vodri and Antoine La Fran- 
boist for sundries 193 livres, 10 sols ; followed by 
receipt. 102 

31 John Baptist Vodri's account against Edward Cole for 
Fort Chartres serv i ces as interpreter, 250 livres; with Vodri's receipt. 103(1) 

31 Account of La Fraboist for services as interpreter 
Fort Chartres 250 livres; with receipt to Edward Cole. 103(2) 

Peter Remsen, concerning iron ore sent by Johnson 
New York to be assayed, also the defects of the potash made 

by Ruberd's son. 20 

Rob't Russel's account for baking done for 53 Indi- 
tort Erie ans at two coppers per man; receipted. [Date prob 
ably August 1766] 110(1) 
Sept. i G. Maturin, notifying that he has paid Robert Adams 
New York 4271, 155, id York currency for the pay of Johnson 
and his officers from September 24, 1765, to March 25, 
1766, and disbursements on account of the Six Nations, 
from August 26, 1765, to June 28, 1766. 73 

i Maisonville's receipt to Edward Cole for horse hire. 104(2) 

Fort Chartres 

i Sir William Johnson's receipt to Gabriel Maturin for 
New York 1751, 75, nd in full of account of pay for himself and 
subordinates from September 24, 1765, to March 25, 
1766. 26:32 

i Sir William Johnson's receipt to Gabriel Maturin for 
New York 3216, ios, 6d in full of account of disbursements for 
the Six Nations, also the Canada and western con 
federacy, together with other expenses from August 26, 
1765, to June 28, 1766. Accompanied by the account. 33 




Sept. 2 Instructions from Maj. Robert Rogers to Mr Desriviers 
Mkhilimak- for an embassy among the Fallesavoines, Puans, Sakis, 
inac Renards and Scioux : to notify them of Rogers's appoint 

ment to the command at Michilimackinac, of the friend 
ship of the English King and the opening of free 
communication between these nations and the English. 
[In English and French] 13*74 

4 Matthew Wade, sending bill of exchange drawn by Col. 
Montreal Massy, and asking that payment may be made to Mrs 
Ann DeVisme of New York, and that Capt. Claus be 
requested to give Wade the preference in the purchase 
of goods. 75 

6 Francis Wade, concerning Mr Croghan's bill on Johnson, 
Philada. debtors against whom Wade is authorized to proceed 

in Johnson's behalf, some articles of silver, goods at 
Fort Pitt, which are for sale, and excesses of party 
spirit. 76 

8 Hugh Crawford's order in favor of Messrs Henry, 
Detroit Farrell and Abbott for 138, 45, 8d. Followed by a 

letter from Robt. Henry relating to the draft and a 
false complaint made to Mr Hay. 77 

8 James Hill Clark, announcing that he has not formed 
Fort Detroit any partnership with Mr Robins, describing a 
quarrel between Hugh Crawford and Mr Tims, and 
mentioning Lieut. Scott and Capt. Turnbull. 78 

8 Deed of a house by Thos. Smallman to Edward Cole, 
Chartres consideration, 600 dollars. 104 

9 Capt. Normand MacLeod about the reported hostility 
Ontario o f the Skequanecks, friendliness of the Conasedagas, 

intentions of the Onondagas against the Cherokees, 
and limited accommodations for commissaries and 
interpreters. 73 

10 George Croghan, mentioning a meeting at the Kaskas- 
Fort Chartres kias, a conference at the fort with the repre 
sentatives of eight nations, divided into 22 tribes, a 
peace between the northern and the western nations, a 
present to the Indians and the writer's illness. 80 

10 Baynton, Wharton & Morgan's receipt to George Crog- 
Fort Chartres han for lIO. 167 

10 Sir William Johnson to Daniel Claus, asking that atten- 
Johnson Hall ti on b e given to the affair of Tadousack, that a re 
monstrance be made to the Governor against the license 
taken by traders, giving discretion in the matter of em 
ploying [St John], mentioning accounts, some presents 
from Claus, an expected visit from the Governor, his 
son [Sir John's] visit to Ireland and the death of the 
Huron orator, Tiatas. 25 :6i 

11 St John Rauseau, offering to carry money to Canada. 13:81 

3 28 



Sept. 12 







Francis Wade, transmitting an account, also Mr Croghan's 
draft, and mentioning Mr Johnston's note and a draft 
on Capt. Clawes. 13:82 

Capt. F. Spiesmacher to [Sir William Johnson], sending 
intelligence received from St Joseph, of belts sent by 
Monsr. St Anges for the purpose of inciting seven 
Indian nations to enmity against the English, and of 
the readiness of the warriors about St Joseph to strike 
the English. 25:62 

Shelburne (duplicate), informing that he has laid before 
the King Johnson's letter respecting the discontent 
prevailing among the Indians, and that the King relies 
on Johnson's prudence and his own recent instructions 
to Gen. Gage and his governors in America to abate 
frauds and trespasses on the Indians till a plan for the 
control of such abuses is matured. 63 

T. Brown about the instruction of Master Peter and 
preparations for a meeting between the Governor and 
some members " of the Fraternity." [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 
4:368; Q, 4:233] 13:83 

15 [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Gage on the necessity of 
Johnson Hall maintaining the trade regulations, medals for the In 
dians, receipts returned from Mr Maturin, a report on 
the transactions with Pondiac, and a communication 
from the Lords of Trade. 84 

Gavin Cochrane, describing the reception of Sir John 
Johnson in England, mentioning the visit of some 
[Scotland] Mohawks to London and their grievance against Mr 
Livingston, Cochrane's experience with Indian affairs 
in South Carolina, and the mania in England for Indian 
lands. 85 

John Wendell, inquiring about land purchased by 
Abraham Wendell and Hermanns Wendell of Ebenezer 
Wilson. 133 

Francis Wade, mentioning an inclosed letter from John 
son's brother, recommending a young man from Dublin, 
asking a remittance and informing that he has named 
a son after Johnson. 86 

[Sir William Johnson] to Baynton, Wharton & 
Johnson Hall [Morgan], on the necessity of upholding the trade regu 
lations, accounts and drafts, a letter from the Lords 
of Trade, the boundary and his success with Pondiac 
and other western chiefs. 87 

William Darlington about a bolting cloth which Alexander 
Stewart will deliver and a package which Darlington 
has forwarded by the Duke of Cumberland packet, 
Capt. John Goodridge. 88 






New York 



Sept. 18 Alexander Dundas's account of pork furnished the In- 

Fort Chartres dians ; receipted. 13 : 105 ( I ) 

18 Deposition of Daniel Claus, deputy agent to Sir William 
Johnson, concerning seizure of the peltries of Jean 
Marie du Charme for violating Gen. Gage's proclama 
tion touching trade with hostile western nations. 25 -.64 

20 An Account of Goods Given and Sent to the Different 
Indian Nations in the District of Michilimacknai by 
Robert Rogers Esq. Commandant of the Same &c from 
August 8th till September 2Oth, 1766. With Rogers's or 
der to pay the amount, 290, 55, 3d, to Stephen Groes- 
bick, and Stephen Groesbeck's order to pay Abraham C. 
Cuyler and Cornelius Glen. 13:89 

20 Lieut. Aug. Prevost, asking that a letter to Mr Croghan 
Quebec may be forwarded. 90(1) 

20 Finlay Miller's account of pork furnished the Indians; 

Fort Chartres receipted. 105(2) 

21 Capt. G. Johnson about an inclosed statement of the case 
Guy Park o f the Mohocks, the Governor's visit to Montreal, the 

illness of an infant and the flight of a servant. 91 

23 Francis Wade, mentioning Col. Eyre Massy's draft and 
Philada. asking whether one of Massy's drafts will be paid to 

Mrs Ann De Visme, agreeably to Matthew Wade's 
request. 92 

2 4. Dan'l. Watson's account of milk furnished to sick In- 
Fort Chartres dians; receipted. 106(1) 

24 Lieut. William Baugh's account of goods purchased for 
Kaskaskias the Indian service. 106(2) 

24 Dr William Annesley's bill for medical service to In- 
Fort Chartres dians from January 12 to date 64. 107 

24 Thomas McKee's receipt to Sir William Johnson for pay 

as assistant Indian agent. 158 

24 Extract of a message from Netawetwelaman, head man 
New Comer's o f the Delaware nation, to the commanding officer at 

Town Fort pitt, asking that traders be sent to his town and 

expressing a preference for John Gibson. 25 165 

25 Normand MacLeod to [Sir William Johnson] on a 
Ontario variance between Mr Roberts and the commanding 

officer, the remissness of the smith at Niagara, other 
troubles at that post, some Yanky horse dealers, presents 
to the Messesagas, the birth of a granddaughter to 
Johnson, Mr Newkirk's claim for articles given to the 
Indians, a harper expected from Ireland, a report from 
Detroit that Mr Cole is killed, a charge of the 
Oswegatchies and Conesedagas against Mr Carundache, 
Joseph's desire to go down, and the question of passes 
for Detroit 13 :gj 




Sept. 25 Account of Indian expenditures by Edward Cole, corn- 
Fort Chartres missary 19,608 livres and 10 sols ; followed by Edw. 
Cole's statement that he has drawn for this amount 
on Sir William Johnson in favor of Baynton, Wharton 
& Morgan. [Inclosing nos. 95 to 109, July i to Sep 
tember 25] 13:94 
25 Baynton, Wharton & Morgan's account of goods delivered 
Fort Chartres to Indians by order of Edward Cole, commissary for 
Indian affairs at the Illinois ; attested by Col. Jno. 
Reed. 108(1) 
25 Girardot's account for services as Indian interpreter, 
Fort Chartres w ith receipt to Edward Cole; Geo. Morgan, witness. 108(2) 

25 Edward Cole's draft on Sir William Johnson for 1568, 
Fort Chartres ^5, 7d, New York currency, in favor of Baynton, 

Wharton & Morgan. 109 

Jacques St Martin's receipt to Jehu Hay for 67, 45, 
pay as interpreter. 112(2) 

Elleopolle Chesnes's receipt to Jehu Hay for 67, 43, his 
pay as interpreter. 112(2) 

Pierre Chesne's receipt to Jehu Hay for 67, 45, his pay 

as interpreter. 112(3) 

Ben. James's account of rum, pipes and jew's-harps 
furnished to Jehu Hay for the Indians. 113(1) 

Memorandum of number of rations in 14 barrels of pork 
and 19 barrels of flour, i pound of flour and 12 ounces 
of pork or 3^ pounds of flour constituting a ration. 113(2) 

Theophile Lemai's receipt to Jehu Hay for 67, 45, his 
pay as smith to the different nations of Indians de 
pending on this post. 114(1) 

Alexander McKee, saying that trade at that post has been 
injured by the erecting of a store at the Scioto, and 
that the Delawares are chagrined at this indulgence to 
the Shawanese. 114(2) 

John Meanner's receipt to Alexander McKee, commis 
sary of trade, for pay as interpreter. 115(1) 

James Saunders's receipt to Alexander McKee for 29, 

i2s, for "attending on the Indians." 115(2) 

Gordon & Parlow's bill to Capt. MacLeod for Indian 
goods. 116(1) 

Duncan, Phyn & Ellice's bill to Sir William Jonson for 

arms and ammunition. 116(2) 

30 Peter Hasenclever, saying that he must defer engaging 
in the Indian trade, that he looks for Johnson's aid 
in making a purchase from the Onida Indians, that he 
is advised by George Clock that a purchase has been 
effected; and mentioning Ruppert's ingratitude to the 
writer, and that of the ministry to Lord Chatham. 117 






Fort Pitt 

Fort Pitt 

Fort Pitt 



New York 



Sept. 30 Baynton, Wharton & Morgan, asking protection against 

Philada. legal consequences threatened for their act in sending 

goods to the Shawanese town, at the request of Mr 

Croghan, and mentioning the low condition of trade. 13:118 

Oct. 3 Sir William Johnson in account with Thomas McKee 

Fort Augusta f or articles delivered to a party of Tuscaroras and 

to Capt. Henry Montour. 120(1) 

3 Same in account with Joseph Nicholson for goods fur- 
Fort Augusta nished to Tuscaroras. 120(2) 

4 [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Gage informing that 
Johnson Hall he has effected a purchase from the Oneidas, con 
taining about 200,000 acres near the north side of 
the Mohawk river above the German flatts, reserv 
ing to himself a fifth part; also that the commis 
saries at the posts are not well supported in their 
authority by the commanding officers. 121 

4 Jos. Spear and other traders, entering complaint and 
Pittsburgh asking redress against Baynton, Wharton & Morgan 

for a violation of trade regulations. 25:66 

6 J. Pryor to [Sir William Johnson] about slates and 
New \ork tiles for covering a building, with directions for lay 
ing. 13:122 
8 Sir William Johnson in account with David Vander 

Heyden ^301, 2s. 123 

8 [Sir William Johnson] to Thomas Penn, inclosing a 
Johnson Hall survey of the Conajoharee tract, mentioning 
his efforts to settle lands bought from the Dutch 
inhabitants, his disbursements and gratuitous ser 
vices for the public interest and intrusting his case 
to Penn's influence; also mentioning the anxiety of 
the Indians for a boundary line, and his discourage 
ment of projects for settlement at Wioming. 124 
8 [Sir William Johnson] to the Lords of Trade, report- 
Johnson Hall i n g on the state of trade at Michilimacanac, machina 
tions of French traders and the need of confining 
trade to certain posts; also condemning the claim 
made to land and exclusive trade at La Baye on the 
strength of a purchase from Rigaud de Vaudreuille 
[11:210; 12:24, 55], and showing the impossibility of 
obtaining justice for Indians before his authority is 
put on a firm basis. [Doc. rel. to Col. Hist. N. Y. 
7:871-73] 125 
8 [Sir William Johnson] to Lord Adam Gordon, con- 
Johnson Hall cerning his land grant, a tract of about 10,000 
acres which Gordon can obtain in a recent grant 
near the German flatts [13:12^, the satisfactory 
meeting with Pondiac, crimes committed by frontier 
inhabitants, and French intrigues for the control of 
trade. 126 



Oct. 10 Theophilus Chamberlain to Rev. Mr Brown, asking 
Onowadagegh confirmation or denial of a report that Mr Brown 
lately christened at Johnson Hall several children 
who had been baptized by Presbyterian missionaries, 
declaring the necessity of presenting to the Indians 
an appearance of Christian unity, and saying that 
this report gives much uneasiness to the Rev. Mr 
Kirtland as well as himself. [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 4:368- 
70; Q, 4:2.33-34] 13:127 

10 Sir William Johnson's receipt to Maj. Gen. Thomas 
New York Gage for 1289, *4s, 3<1 sterling in bills of exchange 

drawn in favor of Thomas Lawrence, Junr on his 
Majesty's treasury. 26:34 

11 John Duncan about the Grenadiers, new militia regula- 
Schenectady tions, and his intention to settle his difference with 

Mr Klock by accepting the arbitration of Isaac 
Vrooman, John Vansice and Mr Gansevoort. 13:128 

ii [John Duncan's] memorandum of a plan for maintain- 
[Schenectady] i n g the strength of the Grenadiers by drafting from the 

battalion companies. [Inclosed in no. 128] 129 

11 Shelburne [duplicate], ordering an examination of the 
Whitehall grievances of the Wappinger and Stockbridge 

tribes. 25 :6; 

12 Disbursements on account of Indians in Sir William 
Johnson Hall Johnson's department from July to October, 1766 

3120, us, lod. 26:35 

12 Account of pay due to Sir William Johnson and his 
Johnson Hall subordinates. 36 

13 Alexander Colden, informing that he has deputed Hen- 
New York drick Fry and Christopher Yates to run the bounds 

of the tracts purchased from the Indians on the 
north and the south side of the Mohawk, inclosing 
bond to be executed and oath to be taken by these 
officers, asking that Fry continue Vrooman's line be 
tween the two Canada creeks, and sending an assur 
ance to the Indians that no surveys will be made 
without his written orders. 13:130 

13 Dr Richard Shuckburgh to [Sir William Johnson], 

Albany announcing the marriage of his daughter to Lieut. 

Stewart and mentioning the arrival of Capt. Mon- 
tresor, the appointment of a Presbyterian minister 
as surrogate of the bishop's court and Mr Aylmer's 
intention to advise with Johnson on the location of 
his land grant. I3 1 

13 Capt. Normand MacLeod to [Sir William Johnson], 

Ontario concerning Mr Crawford, an expected visit from the 

chief men of the Onondagas, the story of the old 
Conosedaga chief about the Skequanecks, Mr New- 





kerk's incivility and the habits of an Onondaga 
orator. 13:132 

Oct. 14 Indenture, made July 30, 1766, in Dublin, binding 
Joniont hall Andrew Hanlon in service to James Doyle; assigned 
to William Thompson, September 26, 1766; assigned 
to Sir William Johnson. 17 

15 Daniel Claus's instruction to St John Russeau, in- 
[Montreal?] terpreter to the western nations, to proceed to cer 
tain Indian tribes and inform them of the restriction 
of trade to designated posts and of the appointment 
of a new governor for [Canada]; with a pass to 
Russeau and wife and child. [Instructions in both 
English and French] 25:68 

Daniel Claus, condoling on the death of Admiral 
Tyrell, asking payment of a bill in favor of Beach & 
Simpson, New York, in consideration of a loan made 
by Mr Wade, and mentioning complaints of the 
merchants about trade restriction, Mr Grant's claim 
to La Bay, Maj. Rogers's liberality toward traders 
at Michilimakinac, and that of Gov. Carleton in his 
province. 13:134 

Cornelius Duane, begging the favor of a letter to 
Lady Warren and others in behalf of his brother, an 
old officer of the navy, whose rank is below his 
deserts. 142 

Peter Hasenclever, expressing gratitude for the al 
lowance of a share in the 200,000 acre purchase on 
the north side of the Mohawk [13:121], indicating 
its desired location, declaring a purpose to promote 
the settlement of the Mohawk country, asking intro 
duction to members of the ministry, mentioning an 
invalid deed obtained by George Klock from the 
Onida Indians, and commending Fred Weissenfels to 
regard. 135 

Duncan, Phyn & Ellice, inquiring whether they shall 
Schenectady pay a note drawn by Hugh Crawfford and transmitted 

by one Gordon at Ontario. 136 

25 L. Perthuis, expressing thanks for favor and mention 
ing the unprofitableness of his business ventures, 
particularly an investment in ginseng. [In French] 13'; 

Rob't Leake, thanking Johnson for including him among 
the purchasers of land from the Oneidas. 138 

Tho. Mcllworth, mentioning the illness of his wife 
and his reduced circumstances and asking introduc 
tions to people in the south, and also Johnson's sup 
port that he may retain the clerkship of the borough 
of Schenectady, from which Harry Glen wishes to 
oust him. 15* 

New York 


New York 



New York 

New York 




Oct. 30 

New York 


Nov. 2 
New York 


New York 

Sir William Johnson's receipt to Gabriel Maturin for 
pay of himself and officers. 26:37 

Normand MacLeod's draft on Duncan, Phyn & Ellice in 
favor of Edward Pollard for 137, 175, 2d. [Inclosed 
with 15:3(1)] 15:3(2) 

Tho's Bowden, advising that he has taken up the bill 
drawn on him by Johnson in favor of Robert 
Adems for the purchase of Col. Vaughan's land. I3-'I44 

Power of attorney to John Stenhouse, given by Fran- 
gois Cazeau, for collecting all moneys due from 
Lieut. Col. John Broadstreet and other persons 
within the province of New York; witnessed by Wm. 
McCarty and Ja's Finlay. Followed by an invoice of 
sundries taken out of his Majesty's store at Oswego, 
August 27, 1763, by order of Broadstreet, being the 
property of Frangois Cazeau and Joseph Du Charme; 
with deposition of Cazeau before Isaac Todd. 145 

William Darlington, about a transaction with Mr 
Adams, displeasure which he fears he may have 
given to Sir William, and an account transmitted. 146 

Account of expenses incurred by Hugh Crawfford in 
a journey undertaken by him by order of George 
Croghan to bring Pondiack and other western 
Indians to meet Sir William Johnson at Fort On 
tario, and in the return journey to Detroit 
262, 6s, 2d. 148 

Sir William Johnson in account with William Dar 
lington '585, us. 150 

George Croghan in account with Henery, Farrell & 
Abbott 81, I2s. 149 

Ensign Chas. Morris, i7th regiment, asking appoint 
ment to a post at Michilimaquinac, mentioning his 
knowledge of French, and acquaintance with the 
French and Indian inhabitants. 151 

William Baker, accounting for sales of consolidated 
bank annuities made in order to pay drafts to Capt. 
Warren Johnson, Capt. Daniel Claus, Lieut. Guy 
Johnson and Sir John Johnson; with comments on 
the Stamp Act and ensuing riots. 25:69 

8 Sir William Johnson to Alexander Colden, about 
Johnson Hall deputy surveyors, the status in England of John 
son's land grant, and Indian complaints, with the 
request that a map be made of the patents from 
Albany westward to Fort Bull. 13:152 

New York 





Nov. 8 I. Sir William Johnson] to Lieut. Gov. Golden on Sir 
Johnson Hall Henry Moore's purchase from the Oneidas, griev 
ances of the Oneidas and the Mohocks, the Kaya- 
derosseras, the plan before the Lords of Trade for 
settling Indian affairs, and future correspondence. 13:153 

10 Theophylact Bache and Sampson Simson inquiring as 
New York to payment of Capt. Daniel Claus's bill for 50. 15 j 

10 Thompson & Alexander, asking payment for four 
New tfork pipes of " Maderia " wine. 155 

12 Andrew Rentch, regarding a certificate from Maj. 
Philada. Henry Gladwin, for 102, 73, 6d, to Abraham Jones, 

which was assigned to Peter Smith, and afterwards 

to Rentch, and has not been paid. 156 

13 Felix Sicard's receipt to George Croghan for 87 dollars 

New Orleans for the board and lodging of Croghan and servants. 157 

14 Richard Winston's account of losses by the Indian 
Fort Chartres war i n ^63; sworn to before Col. Jno. Reed, 34th 

regiment. 15:210 

15 Sir William Johnson to Alexander Colden, regarding 
Johnson Hall a survey which will run from the southwest corner 

of Cosby's Manor. 13:206 

15 Hendrick Prey's account for completing the survey of 

Canajoharry the Canada Creek patent; receipted January 29, 1768. 170 

15 " The humble Petition of his Majesty's most loyal & 

Lyme dutiful Subjects, ye poor, distressed Indians of Ne- 

hantick in ye Tow [n] ship of New-London & Colony of 
Connecticut in New England in North America," 
showing their loyalty to British interests, the tres 
passes of the whites and the failure of the courts 
to grant redress. 25 70 

18 Daniel Campbell to [Sir William Johnson] about his 
Schenectady return journey from Detroit, and a draft drawn by 

Mr Hay for 436, 125, pd. 13:171 

19 John Wetherhead, asking to be employed as John- 
New York son's business agent in New York, to succeed Mr 

Darlington. 172 

20 [Sir William Johnson] to Lieut. Col. Massy on a letter 
Johnson Hall received through Capt. Claus, acquaintance with 

Gen. Carleton, the visit of Sir William's son to Lon 
don, interests which keep Sir William at home, and 
Mr Antle. 173 

20 Extract from the minutts of the commissioners for 
Christiana running the division lines between Pennsylvania and 
Bridge Maryland; containing a provision that Sir William 
Johnson be requested to obtain the consent of the 
Indians to drawing a line west of the Allegany moun 
tains. 174 

20 Copy of no. 174. X 75 



Nov. 22 Capt. William Howard, regarding goods seized, be- 
New York longing to persons seeking to trade without passes. 13:176(1) 

22 John Glen Jun'r, concerning Jacobus Teller's commis- 
Schonectady s i O n as quartermaster. 177 

24 Alexander Golden, regarding a map which he will have 
New York made and a survey which he can not change unless 

the deed is changed. 178 

24 William Thompson's assignment to Sir William John- 
Kings son as security for money received. 179 


24 Gw. Banyar, regarding Mr Clarke's lots in Sachen- 
NewYork dage, and lands there belonging to Henry Holland. 180 

26 Draper S'n Wood on inclosed vouchers for provisions 
Albany sen |- to Oswego for the congress with Pondiac. 181 

27 James Phyn, with regard to articles to be forwarded 
Schenectady by Mr Van Eps and a project for buying and set 
tling a tract of 10,000 acres. 182 

27 Sir William Johnson's account with Duncan, Phyn & 
Schenectady Ellice 26, 175, pd. 183 

30 Mark Feely, to say that he is engaged as clerk and 

New York manager by John W. Smith, lawyer, and that he 

can send Johnson two blacksmiths, lately arrived 

from Armagh. 185 

Dec. i Robert Leake, discussing difficulties which beset 

New York claims for lands introduced for himself and his 

deputies. 186 

i William Darlington, inclosing copy of letter of Novem- 
New York her 4, describing a business difficulty in which he has 
been placed by the rumor that he has lost the favor 
of Sir William and asking a remittance for the amount 
due him. 147 

i Account of losses sustained from Indians by Ed- 
Cumberland mond Moran & Co. in 1763, with deposition be- 
county f ore Andrew Colhoun and certificate by Harm's 

Alricks, showing Colhoun to be a justice. 15 1207 

4 John Brown and others, thanking for interest in their 
Schenectady church and informing that their petition has met 

with a favorable reception from the council and 
that a charter will shortly be granted. [Doc. Hist. 
N. Y. 4:371; Q, 4:234] 13:187 

5 Duncan, Phyn & Ellice, informing that 14 skins have 
Schenectady been sent to Mr Van Eps, to be forwarded by him. 188 

6 Rich'd McNeall to Is. Todd, complaining that Commissary 
Detroit Hay, with the support of the commandant, favors 

French at the expense of English traders. [Inclosed 

with 14:56] 189 

7 John Christie, to say that the Indians are quiet, the 
Detroit garrison has been sickly, and eight persons have been 

drowned in Lake Erie. 190 




Dec. 7 Draper S'n Wood, making a return of provisions at 
Albany Albany and Schenectady. 13:191 

8 Thompson & Alexander, asking payment by a sight 
New York draft on New York. 192 

8 Gw. Banyar, concerning H. Holland's Sachendage 
[New York] lands, employment for a lad, Sir Harry's variance 
with the Assembly over the local magistrates and 
their jurisdiction, and a land purchase north of the 
Kayaderosseras. 193 

Hugh Wallace, about a vessel loading for Ireland, an 
investment in land, lowered exchange, prices of 
wheat (6s, 6d a bushel), flaxseed and potash and 
Polish, and Russian competition. 194 

Capt. Normand MacLeod to [Sir William Johnson], 
regarding a servant bought by Mr Adams for 
Johnson, who has gone into the army, engrav 
ing which is in charge, and forms for reports to be 
made from the different posts. 195 

William Darlington about silver articles for Indians 

and an account transmitted earlier. 196 

ii [Sir William Johnson] to [John] Wetherhead, in re- 
Johnson Hall sponse to his offer to manage Sir William's New 

York business. 197(1) 

John Wetherhead about a letter which he forwards 

at the request of Mr Cooper 197(2) 

'Wm. Benson, secretary, to [Sir William Johnson], invit 
ing attendance of the " brethren at Johnson Hall " at 
the celebration at the feast of St John by Union Lodge 
of Albany. 25 72 

15 Robert Leake, advising that provisions be obtained 

New York f rO m Fort Stanwix and Schenectady. 13:199 

16 [Sir William Johnson] to Lieut. Gov. Fauquiere, say- 
Johnson Hall jng that he will endeavor to obtain the release of 

a Cherokee held by the Senecas, but the task is one 
of difficulty. 198 

16 [Sir William Johnson] to the Earl of Shelburne, prin- 
Johnson Hall c ipal secretary of state, on opposition to his author 
ity, the difficulty of righting Indian wrongs, the 
grant made to him in 1760 by an Indian nation, 
the devices of Frenchmen to defeat trade regulations 
and recover influence with the Indians, the loyalty 
of Pondiac to his engagements, the immigration of 
160 Tuscororas from North Carolina and frontier 
outrages against the Indians. [Doc. rel. to Col. Hist. 
N. Y. 7:880-83] 200 

26 [Sir William Johnson] to [John] Wetherhead, prom- 
Johnson Hall ising assistance to defeat the schemes of Schermer- 
horn and to forward Wetherhead's interest with the 
Mohawks. 201 

New York 

New York 

New York 

New York 





New York 

New York 


Dec. 26 [Sir William Johnson] to Attorney General J. T. 
Johnson Hall Kempe, assuring of all proper assistance in obtain 
ing a land grant and informing of royal instructions 
to the governors and generals for the prevention of 
wrongs against the Indians [25:63], and a proclama 
tion to the same effect issued by the governor of 
Pensilvania. 25 173 

27 Peter Vergereau about the conduct of Ackerson, a 
New York purchase from the Indians and the distance of a 

mine from Break a Been, Scohare or Cobus Kill. 74 

P. Silvester, informing that he proposes to have writs 
of inquiry executed to assess the damages in John 
son's suits against John Wasson and Arie Sante 
Newkerk, in which he has obtained ' interlocutory 
judgments. 13:202 

Duplicate of no. 202. 203 

Capt. Normand MacLeod, mentioning the governor's 
injustice in land affairs, the enlisting of Johnson's 
servant and his own intention of proposing to the 
deputy secretary of state for American affairs that a 
commissary general for the Indian department be 
created. 204 

Baynton, Wharton & Morgan, considering vouchers 
and accounts, trade at the Shawanese town, Mr 
Croghan's arrival at New Orleans, French intrigue, 
with Spanish connivance, against British interests, 
a treaty obtained by Col. Cressap from 40 Six Nation 
warriors, with a deed to land about Green Brier 
on the Ohio, compensation for traders' losses by 
the Indians, a method for securing it, and the execution 
in Sussex county, N. J., of the murderer of an Oneida 
Indian. 205 

29 Theophilus Chamberlain to [Sir William Johnson], 
Conajohare explaining his letter of October 10 to the Rev. Mr 
Brown concerning rebaptism ; deprecating Mr 
Brown's action in making his letter known. [Doc. 
Hist. N. Y. 4:371-72; Q, 4:235] 143 

A list of losses by Indian depredations incurred by 
traders in 1763, who have petitioned Sir William John 
son to demand satisfaction from the Six Nations ; 
signed, William Trent, attorney. 15:199 

Memorial of Fowler Walker (copy), representing the 
English and French of Montreal, to the Lords of Trade, 
touching trade regulations established by the commander 
at Michilimackinac [Capt. Howard] and the monopoly 
which certain traders claim in virtue of a pretended 
assignment by Monsieur Rigaud de Vaudreuil, late Gov 
ernor of Montreal, of lands west of Lake Michigan. 
[No date, probably 1766] 11:210 



Account of necessary expenses for one year at Niagara 
140. [In English and French; no date, probably 
1766] 13:35 

Petition of the inhabitants of Noble Town to Sir Wil- 
Noble Town H am Johnson, regarding outrageous treatment suffered 
from Col. John Van Ransler, through his determina 
tion to eject them from their homes; begging John 
son's interposition. 39 

Capt. Murray to Lieut. Gov. Fauquier (extract), con 
cerning a Cherokee prisoner in the hands of Senecas. 
[Probably inclosed with Lieut. Gov. Fauquier's letter 
of November i6th, not found, but mentioned by Sir 
William Johnson in 13:198] 119 

Joseph Tracy's remarks respecting the Mohigan dis 
pute in Connecticut [10:200; 25:5], a bribe offered 
him by that colony and a fort built at Seabrook by 
Lords Say and Brook. [No date, probably 1766] 25 171 


Jan. i Jaques St Martin's receipt to Jehu Hay for 15, 
Detroit 125, 8d paid for steel and Indian axes. 14:111 

2 Sir William Johnson to Gen. Gage, regarding the 
Johnson Hall burning of a vessel at Navy island near Niagara, 

the sickness of Mr Croghan and the garrison at 
the Ilinois, arrival of the former at N. Orleans, a 
treaty entered into there with eight nations, letters 
from Lord Shelburne on Indian grievances and secret 
artifices of the French. [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 2:831-32; Q, 
2:483-84] i 

3 [Sir William Johnson] to Capt. Gavin Cochrane, "to 
Johnson Hall the care of George Ross, Esqr., Conduit street, Lon 
don," thanking for civilities to his son, explaining 
that the Indians lately in England were Mohegans 
of Connecticut, and tribes east of Hudsons River, the 
latter of whom are concerned in a tract comprehended 
in Col. Philips's patent near N. York [25:67; 14:19], 
mentioning French intrigues and Mr Croghan's negotia 
tions at the Ilinois, and discussing the purchase of 
Indian lands in the province. 3 

3 An account for postage, tea etc. [Fragment] 25:75 

[5] [Sir William Johnson] to Mr Silvester, concerning 
Johnson Hall a letter of incendiary and slanderous character, on 
which it will be proper to institute legal proceed 
ings. 14:2 
6 William Darlington, thanking for a remittance and plead- 
New York ing for a continuance of business relations on which 

he relies for support. 4 



Jan. 7 P. Silvester to [Sir William Johnson], discussing means 
Albany o f proceeding against the author of a libelous paper, 

the disadvantage of a prosecution and the propriety 
of obtaining a recantation before witnesses. 14:5 

The humble address of William Cunningham asking 
assistance to get a discharge from the regiment. 6 

7 Sir William Johnson's answer to a petition from traders 
Johnson Hall w ho have advanced goods to Maj. Rogers, at Michili- 

mackinac, in the expectation of exorbitant prices. 7 

8 Lieut. Allan Grant to [Sir Willam Johnson] about the 
Ontario want of an interpreter and some stolen weapons. 8 

10 James Phyn to Sir William Johnson, announcing a dis- 
Schenectady solution of partnership in the firm of Duncan, Phyn & 

Ellice, Mr Ellice's readiness to fill any orders and Mr 
Phyn's purpose to cross the Atlantic and return the 
following summer. 9 

11 John Wetherhead, regarding an order of council granting 
New York to Bradstreet and others leave to purchase land in 
cluded in an application already made by Wetherhead ; 
with compliments and mention of Indian goods which he 

can supply. 10 

11 Jains Batite Bodens's receipt to Jehu Hay for pay for 17 
Detroit barrels of coals for the Indian smith. 113 

12 Gw. Banyar, informing of the memorial preferred to 
New York the Governor by Daniel Nimham, chief of the tribe 

of Wappinger, and of the order of council appointing 

March 5 next for a hearing. n 

12 George Croghan to Gen. Gage [copy], concerning the 

New York easiest manner of victualing the garrison at Fort 

Chartres, the necessity of cash transactions with the 

French farmers and the advisability of depending on 

those people for supplies rather than New Orleans, 

Pensacola, Mobile or Fort Pitt. 12 

12 Sampson Simson, transmitting copy and asking payment 

New York o f Commissary B. Roberts's draft on Sir William in 

favor of Edward Pollard, dated November 13, 1766. 13:169 
15 Pieter Dobson's receipt to George Croghan for 48 for 
New York transportation of Croghan and others from New 

Orleans. 168 

15 [Sir William Johnson] to William OBrien, concerning 
Johnson Hall the share which OBrien can have in the recent [Oneida] 
land purchase, the intention of the shareholders to 
plant settlements and his willingness to assist OBrien 
in making a purchase. 14:13 



15 [Sir William Johnson] to Thomas Penn, promising to 
Johnson Hall seek the consent of the Six Nations to running the west 
boundary line of Pennsylvania over the Allegany moun 
tains [13:174] and estimating the expense, also men-, 
tioning the uneasiness of the Indians over the delay in 
establishing a line, Mr Croghan's good fortune with the 
western nations, Johnson's claim, now before the King, 
regarding land, rank, expenses and losses and his 
thought of proposing to the Lords of Trade the ap 
pointment of a commissary general and the selection 
of his son for the office. 14:14 

15 [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Gage, mentioning Mr Cro- 
Johnson Hall ghan's arrival at Philadelphia, money to be sent up from 
New York, French intrigues in West Florida, at 
Detroit, about Wabache and the Miamis and at 
Misere, names of French traders who defy the regula 
tions, a court of inquiry at Detroit concerning frauds 
practised by one Abbot, a trader, differences between 
commanding officers and commissaries at the posts and 
the need of military support for the commissaries, and 
the importance of Michilimackinac. [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 

2:833-35; Q, 2:484-85] 15 

15 [Sir William Johnson] to Sir H. Moore about Mr 

Johnson Hall OBrien's failure to make a purchase on the Connecticut 

river, the difficulty of obliging Lord Holland in a land 

grant, Johnson's desire to oblige him, the desire of the 

Indians of Conajoharee for redress in the matter of the 

trespass of Cobus Maybe and the encroachments of 

George Klock, and the commands of the Earl of Shel- 

burne for the righting of Indian wrongs. [25:63] 16 

15 [Sir William Johnson] to Gov. Penn on the robbing of the 

Johnson Hall Tuscaroras in their passage through Pennsylvania and 

delays in establishing a general boundary between 

colonies and Indians; saying that the lowest cost of 

assembling the chiefs of the Six Nations to permit the 

running of a line [west of the Alleghenies] [13:174] 

will be 500. 17 

15 [Sir William Johnson] to the Earl of Shelburne on the 
Johnson Hall situation and complaints of the Stockbridge and Wap- 

pinger Indians, the obstacles to redress, Mr Croghan's 
diplomatic victory at the Ilinois, troubles to be feared 
from French agents and dishonest traders, means of in 
suring tranquillity and the necessity of strengthening 
Johnson's department. [Doc. rel. to Col. Hist. N. Y. 
7:891-94] 19 

16 Capt. G. Maturin, advising that Capt. Stevenson, of the 
New York 2 8th, has in charge 1776, 45 for Johnson, which he 

will carry as far as Albany, 20 



Jrm. 17 George Croghan, speaking of ill health, an inclosed report, 
New York his intention of resigning because of ill treatment by 
Gen. Gage, and war dresses and specimens of the man 
drake plant which he has obtained. 14:21 
17 Daniel Claus, commending Thayayake, from Caghna- 
Wms. burg wago, who aspires to a commission as a lieutenant under 
Asarigoa, and mentioning the state of the roads from 
the Germ'n flatts. 25 76 
19 Capt. Normand MacLeod to [Sir William Johnson] about 
servants who have entered the army, Col. Croughcan's 
health and Guy's method of making reports. 14:22 
19 Gen. Thomas Gage, regarding the burning of a sloop 
New York near Niagara, the worth to England of the Mississippi 
trade, Mr Croghan's expenses and money sent in care of 
Capt. Stevenson. [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 2. :835~36 ; Q, 2 1485- 
86] 23 

19 John Wetherhead, concerning the Attorney General's 
New York an( i his own petition for redress in land affairs, the serv 
ices Captains Butler and Claus can render them with the 
Indians, and the Governor's attitude. 24 

20 Lieut. Col. Eyre Massy to [Sir William Johnson], men- 
Montreal tibning the expected arrival of Gen. Carleton, the com 
ing trial of St Luke Le Corne, Captains Campbell, 
Eraser, Disney, Lieut. Evans and Mr Howard for 
the Walker affair [10:12, 72], a message from Cockna- 
waga, party disputes in the province, Mr Antle at 
Quebec, Johnson's two nephews, the question of having 
a garrison at Michilamackanak, wheat speculation and 

the excessive severity of the winter. 25 

; [Sir William Johnson] to Lieut. Gov. Guy Carleton of 
Johnson Hall Quebec, discussing the complaints of the Indians, their 
causes, the arts and misrepresentations of the French, 
mistakes of the English policy, the Indians' power, 
Johnson's former representations on these heads, 
causes of the late Indian war, crimes against the Indians 
in the provinces to southward, the interest of Canada in 
the Indian trade, the former status and present behavior 
of the French traders, offenses against the regulations 
offered by Canadian traders and their opposition to Mr 
Croghan at the Ilinois. 26 

24 Sir William Johnson's account for postage with Duncan, 
Schenectady Phyn & Ellice. 27 

25 Gen. Gage, concerning Mr Croghan's departure for Phila- 
New York delphia, Mr Wharton's receipt, the slight value of the 

Mississippi trade and the Ilinois country to Great 
Britain, the necessity of military support for trade regu 
lations, disputes between commanding officers and com 
missaries, the consequences of Michillimakinak, trad- 



ers' passes and the balance of Johnson's account. [Doc. 
Hist. N. Y. 2:836-37; Q, 2:486-87] 14:28 

Jan. 26 William OBrien to [Sir William Johnson], regarding his 
New York hopes from Sir Henry Moore's and Mr Schyler's 
surrender of land, Lord Holland's disappointment, Sir 
H. Moore's opposition to OBrien's interest and the 
writer's hopes from Sir William's friendship. 29 

27 Sir William Johnson's receipt for 3120, us, lod re- 
New York ceived of Gabriel Maturin. 26:38 

27 Sir William Johnson's account with the Crown. 14:34 
[New York] 

28 Capt. Robert Noble to [Sir William Johnson], seeking 
Great advice in the matter of buying from the Indians a 

Harrington tract now claimed by Mr Ranslear and referring to 

Mr Bostwick. 30 

28 Robert Leake, saying that he has advised Mr Byrne 
New York to obtain the Governor's " approbation and grant of 
a warrant of survey for land " and explaining why so 
few provisions have been sent up to Albany. 31 

28 George Croghan, concerning delays which prevent 
New York his waiting on Johnson, his reasons for resigning, 
his regard for Johnson and Mr Abbot's account 
against the Indian department. 32 

28 Capt. G. Maturin, informing that Mr Burns will de- 
New York lj ver the sum of ^766, is, 7d, New York currency. 

[Doc. Hist. N. Y. 2:838; Q, 2:487] 33 

28 Will'm Johnston, explaining the circumstances of a 
Corrysbrook marriage ceremony which he has performed contrary 

to Johnson's pleasure. 25:77 

29 [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Gage, mentioning Mr 
Johnson Hall Croghan's desire to resign, his own high opinion of 

Croghan, means of diverting the Missisipi and west 

Florida trade from N. Orleans, letters from Capt. 

Maturin and Capt. Stevenson, the Indian deputies 

who accompanied Croghan to the Ilinois and merit 

a reward. [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 2:838-40; Q, 2:487-88] 14:35 

29 [Sir William Johnson] to James Phyn, concerning 

Johnson Hall the dissolution of the partnership of Duncan, Phyn 

& Ellice. 36 

29 Capt. Normand MacLeod about work in the en- 
New York graver's hands, the [enlisted] servant, a journey to 

Philadelphia and the offer of a post at Niagara. 37 

29 [Sir William Johnson] to Lieut. Gov. Sharpe, of Mary- 
Johnson Hall land, concerning the divisional lines between that 
province and Pennsylvania and the expense of ob 
taining the Six Nations' consent [13:174]. 38 



Jan. 29 [Sir William Johnson] to Lieut. Col. Vaughan, congratu- 
Johnson Hail lating on the completion of a land affair, promising to 
obtain a survey in the spring and mentioning Mr Cro- 
ghan's treaty with 12 nations in the Ilinois country and 
an expected congress with Pondiac and other western 
chiefs. 14 :39 

30 Rev. T. Brown, mentioning an attempt to collect money 
Albany i n the Mohawk country for the church at Great Bar- 

rington, asking consent to go to Barrington for one 
Sunday and suggesting that Master Peter return to 
his studies. [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 4:373; Q, 4:235] 40 

31 Johannes Lawyer, suggesting that a line be run from two 
Schoharry miles below Albany to Cohose, and offering to survey 

the new patent. 41 

Feb. i lulien Freton's receipt to Jehu Hay for pay for 24 bar- 
Detroit rels of coals. 114 

2 Maj. Robert Rogers's account of Indian disbursements and 
Michiiimak- order to pay 429, 135, 6d, New York currency, to 
anac Stephen Groesbeck. 42 

2 Henry Holland proposing his son in law, Winter Fargie, 
New York as Col. Croghan's successor. 43 

4 [Sir William Johnson] to Matthew Robinson, attorney, 
Johnson Hall So. Kingston, R. I., considering the quarrel between 

the Narraganset Indians and Thomas Ninegrett. 25:78 

8 Gen. Gage, mentioning Mr Croghan's desire to quit the 
New York service, suggesting that the only means to cut off the 

French Mississippi trade is to stop traffic on the Ohio, 
Ilinois and Ouisconsin rivers and considering the 
Indians' aversion to the regulation which confines trade 
to the posts. [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 2:840-41; Q, 488-89] 14:44 

9 Hendrkk Frey, saying that he has examined Frans. Rup- 
Canajoharry pe rt touching his contract with Peter Remsen to deliver 

a quantity of potash at Albany; and giving Ruppert's 
testimony regarding his relations with Remsen and Mr 
Hassenclaver. 45 

10 Robert Leake, regarding the need of army provisions at 
New York Albany, Mr Banyar's marriage to Mrs Appy and the 

difficulty of obtaining lands in competition with people 
who have the influence of the council and gentlemen of 
the gown. 46 

11 John Wetherhead, expressing gratification that he and his 
New York friends are preferred by the Indians in a land purchase 

and mentioning the Annual Register and some jewels 

which he sends ; also inclosing Myer Myers's bill. 47 

13 Matthew Robinson, declaring the hopes of the Narra- 

South ganset tribe that Johnson's influence will stop the 

Kingston waste of their lands by their sachem, and describing 

R- ! the sachem's pecuniary circumstances. 




Feb. 14 [Sir William Johnson] to Sir H. Moore, concerning a 
Johnson Hall proclamation relative to the Indian trade of the prov 
ince, proceedings for the eviction of a trespasser on the 
Indian lands at Conajoharee, the qualifications of Mr 
Croghan, the intention of Mr Hanna, the dissenting 
clergymen at Albany, to practise law, the advisability 
of allowing traders' passes to be issued by the mayor 
of Albany and the refusal of George Klock to join in 
releasing a part of the Livingston patent at Conajo 

Testimony of Jonathan Coburn and John Davis, also of 
a Delaware Indian concerning the killing of a Delaware, 
Captain Peters, by John Ryan ; a conciliatory address to 
the Delawares by Capt. William Murray ; and Murray's 
proclamation to settlers to remove from the Indian 
country of Redstone creek and Cheat river. 

Robert Leake to [Sir William Johnson], informing of a 
proposed commercial route between Otronta, on Lake 
Ontario, and Lake Huron, and the political situation in 

Hugh Wallace, mentioning ministerial changes, opposi 
tion to Lord Chatham, the retirement of Lord Hills- 
borough from the Board of Trade, scarcity of provisions 
in Europe, the writer's desire to invest in lands, and 
John Anderson, who lives on the St Johns river near 
the Nova Scotia Indians. 

Gen. Thomas Gage, introducing Maj. Gorham, appointed 
superintendent of Indian affairs in Accadie, and saying 
that Maj. Gorham will be subject to Johnson. [Doc. 
Hist. N. Y. 2 1841 ; Q, 2 1489] 

Thos. Shipboy about scarlet cloth, gold lace and gold 

Thos. Shipboy's bill to Sir William Johnson for scarlet 
cloth and trimmings. 

John Watts, recommending Maj. Gorham. 


Fort Pitt 

New York 

New York 

New York 



New York 




[Sir William Johnson] to Capts. Butler & Fry, transmit 
ting the Governor's orders for the removal of Cobus 
Maybe and family from Indian lands where he lives 
in contempt of his Majesty's proclamation. 

Lieut. Col. Eyre Massy, speaking favorably of Mr Tod 
and Mr McNeal. 

Same, inquiring in behalf of the merchants if their 
causes are to be tried at Montreal or Michilamack- 
anak, and mentioning a visit from the Cauckna- 
wagaws, the Walker affair [10:12, 72], Mr Howard's 
embarrassment, severity of the season and a tragic 
affair at Pt Chegotine. 









Feb. 20 David Edgar's bill for 93 steel traps bought by Robert 
Albany Adems for Sir William Johnson. Followed by the 

receipt of Jack, John B. Van Eps's negro, for the traps. 14:58 
20 Dan'l Steel, for David Edgar, sending invoice of 93 steel 
Albany traps, with an accompanying receipt. 59 

20 Petition of the Albany traders, that regulations, violated 
Alba-iy by the opening of trade at Toronto and the Raplings, 

may be enforced. 25 :8o 

21 Samuel Niles and John Shaddick, in behalf of the [Narra- 
Charlestown ganset] tribe, beseeching aid in securing measures to 

restrain the sachem from selling the tribal lands. 81 
Ninegrett's grant (copy) to the Governor and company of 
her Majesty's colony of Rhode Island of all the vacant 
lands within its jurisdiction, with the exception of cer 
tain lands described, which he will not dispose of with 
out the government's consent. Dated March 28, 1709. 
[Inclosed with 25:81] 82 

21 Gerret Van Sante June'r, giving amounts of provisions 
Albany sen t, by barrels and rations. 14:60 

22 George Croghan, stating the losses which he has incurred 
Philadelphia for the Crown since 1757 through the failure of Gen. 

Gage and Sir Jeffery Amherst to reimburse him for 
necessary expenses, also complaining of the attacks of 
traders on his reputation and inclosing an account of 
losses and recent expenses. 61 

George Croghan's account (copy) of expenses incurred 

for the Crown in his journey to the Ilinois. 62 

23 George Croghan, regarding the losses and injuries stated 
Phill. i n his letter of February 22, the inclosed account, and 

his opinion of Gen. Gage. 63 

23 Robert Leake, regarding the refusal of Lieut. Aylmer, at 
New York Fort Stanwix, to deliver pork and flour to Johnson's 
order and the extraordinary consumption of pork at 
that fort. 6.1 

23 Matt Graves, interceding for the Indians of Narraganset 
New London an( i Nahantick, who are robbed by their " scandalous 

sachem" and are too ignorant to avail themselves of 

the means of legal redress. 25 :83 

24 Francis Wade, concerning his interest in the Fort Pitt 
Philada. trade, sums due to him, drafts about which he has 

written to Heny White, of New York, and his want of 
favor with Mr Croghan. I4 : &5 

24 [Sir William Johnson] to Sir Henry Moore, saying that 
Johnson Hall the state of his health prevents his hearing the com 
plaint of the Wappingers March 5, but that Deputy 
Agent Johnson will represent him. 66 



Feb. 24 [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Gage, saying that Capt. 
Johnson Hall Johnson, who goes to New York to attend the hearing 
of the affair of the Wappingers, will confer with Gage 
about the Indian deputies that accompanied Mr 
Croghan, that the Indians have been prompted by 
traders to demand general freedom of trade, and that 
he concurs in the view that the Mississipi trade can 
be gained only by establishing posts at the mouths of 
the principal tributaries. [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 2:842; 
Q, 2:489] 14:67 

24 Alexander McKee to George Croghan, concerning viola- 
Fort Pitt tions of the trade restrictions and a murder and a 

robbery of which Indians were the victims. 69 

25 [Sir William Johnson] to John Watts about Maj. Gor- 
Johnson Hall ham, the hearing on the affair of the Wappingers and 

a desired visit. 68 

27 Ro. Picken to [Sir William Johnson], reporting on the 
Schenectady progress of Master Peter in spelling, reading, punctua 
tion and grammar, and recommending Alexr. Cruck- 
shanks as a gardener. 72 

Mar. 6 [Alexander McKee?] to Mr Croghan (extract), report- 
Fort Pitt m g information brought by Mr Plummer of the de 
termination of looo Virginians to force a settle 
ment on Red Stone creek, and, if expelled by the mili 
tary, -to destroy a Dallaway village. 73 
7 Henry van Driessen Jr, informing that Joseph "ye 
Schonechtady Indian son to Brants wife " and William Peace have 

laid claim to some of his lands. 74 

9 Gen. Gage, informing of Maj. Goreham's return and of 
New York his intention to proceed to Nova Scotia as soon as he 
receives his appointment and instructions. [Doc. Hist. 
N. Y. 2:842-43; Q, 2:490! 75 

12 James Phyn to [Sir William Johnson] about a draft on 
Schinectady Col. Croghan for Mr St Martin's pay, Lieut. Roberts's 

running account, and Johnson's ill health ; with a list of 
orders, drafts and promissory notes held by Phyn & 
Ellice. B. Roberts's draft in favor of Edward Pol 
lard, made over by Pollard to Duncan, Phyn & Ellice, 
inclosed. 76 

13 Jehu Hay's orders that persons trading outside the posts 
Detroit shall bring goods to them. 117 

Jehu Hay's orders forbidding unfair methods in trade. 118 

14 Baynton, Wharton & Morgan, regarding Mr Cressap's 
Philadelphia purchase of a tract about Green Briar from Six Nations 

warriors, assurances from the Earl of Shelburne of the 
King's interest in the Indian department, and a present 
of rappee. 77 



Mar. 14 Hugh Wallace about Maj. Gorham's request for an 
New York advance of 300, Johnson's kindness in the matter of a 

land grant and the observance of St Patrick's day. 14:78 
14 [Sir William Johnson] to John Wetherhead, regarding 
Johnson Hall a conversation with Glen, Scermerhorn and others, 
articles that will be needed in the conference with the 
Six Nations at the German Flats, a draft on John 
Watts, and Mr Wetherhead's marriage. 79 

16 John Wetherhead, concerning globes ordered from Lon- 
New York don and articles sent from New York. 80 

16 Baynton, Wharton & Morgan, sending a draft drawn by 
Philada. Mr Cole for 1468, 135, 7d and asking that the General 

be requested to order immediate payment. 81 

16 Lieut. Rd. Aylmer, informing that the royal blockhouse 
Fort Stanwix has been burnt, also mentioning a difference with Mr 

Leake and the coming observance of St Patrick's day. 82 

17 Gw. Banyar, acquainting with the opinion of the council 
New York that the [Wappingers'] right was long ago extinguished, 

surveying the evidence for the present landowners and 
discussing pending land purchases in which Johnson, 
the Governor, Lord Holland and others are interested. 83 

17 J. T. Kempe, Attorney General, commending Mr Fran- 
New York c is, who desires to succeed George Croghan as deputy 

agent. 84 

17 John Watts about villainous affairs before the council, 
New York money lodged in his hands for the use of the pro 
prietaries of Pennsilvania [14:129], Mr Francis, recom 
mended for an Indian appointment, the proper conduct 
of Capt. Johnson and a flimsy case [the Wappingers' 
claim] which obtained support in England. 85 

'17 Dr Richard Shuckburgh, thanking for his appointment 
New York a s secretary of Indian affairs and mentioning his city 
property, future residence, salary and land in Mohawk 
country. 86 

17 J. T. Kempe, Attorney General, concerning the hearing 
New York before the Governor and council on Nimham's com 
plaint in behalf of the Wappinger tribe, and an anony 
mous letter unfriendly to Johnson addressed to the 
Sons of Liberty, Albany. 87 

17 Jno. Jas. Beeckman's bill to Duncan & Phin for shot. 92 

18 Winter Fargie, explaining the applications made by 
New York friends in his behalf for the place which Mr Croghan 

holds and thinks of resigning. 88 

18 John Glen's bill to John Duncan for " Pidgeon Shott." 90 

1 8 Abram Cuyler's bill to John Duncan for gunpowder. 91 

19 Daniel Campbell's bill to John Duncan for shot and flints. 93 

20 John Duncan's bill to Sir William Johnson 69, i6s, 6d. 94 




Mar. 20 Glode Landri's receipt to Jehu Hay for pay for 10 cords 

Detroit of wood. 14:115 

20 Pier Braganier's receipt to Jehu Hay for pay for making 
Detroit charcoal. 116 

21 John Duncan about Mr Klock, a method of serving Silver 
Schenectady Heels, a license to purchase land, the dissolution of part 
nership with Phyn and Ellice and an order for gun 
powder. 89 

B. Roberts's account of expenses incurred in bringing 
some Seneca chiefs and other Indians from Niagara to 
Johnson Hall. 95 

John Wetherhead, concerning an order for Indian goods, 
a land affair, Wetherhead's marriage to the daughter 
of John Kelly, the appointment of a chief justice who is 
a Bostonian, with a salary of 600, and some jewels 
recently sent. 96 

Rich'd Winston's account for six months' rent of a house 
for the Indian interpreter; with receipt to Edward 
Cole. Indorsed with the certificates of Edward Cole 
and Col. John Reed, dated March 25, 1767. 97 

Alexander Colden, regarding some warrants of survey 
for which Capt. Johnson inquired, and a map which 
Mr Cockburne is making. 98 

John Glen Jun'r, inquiring whether Mr Wetherhead is to 
have the land which Glen has mentioned. 99 

Capt. Normand MacLeod to [Sir William Johnson], re 
lating to Guy's adventures in the city, articles desired by 
Mr Roberts and the force at Niagara and a debt con 
tracted for Johnson, also the trouble Capt. Legg gives 
him about the [enlisted] servant. 100 

Rachel Witherhead, acknowledging congratulations and 

sending a slight token of esteem. 101 

John Wetherhead's account for goods bought for John 
son. 102 

Lieut. Jno. Garden about his civil treatment of the Cock- 
newagas, and his bill of expenses at Fort Erie, includ 
ing cost of entertaining officers and their families. 105 

John Wetherhead, mentioning a bill of parcels and an in 
closed letter from his wife, for the writing of which he 
apologizes. 104 

Asa Spalding, a lawyer, upholding the case of Nimham 
and others before the council [14: 83, 85, 87], which 
regards Philips's patent, and asking if Johnson will 
concur in a proposal to carry the matter once more to 
great Brittain. 105 

An account of disbursements for the Indian department; 
certified by Capt. Geo. Turnbull, Capt. 2d Batt'n 6oth 
Regt 106 


New York 



New York 


N. York 

New York 

New York 


New York 





Mar. 24 Tofile Leme's receipt to Jehu Hay for 72, 8s, New 
Detroit York currency. 14:107 

24 Jacques St Martin's receipt to Jehu Hay for 72, 8s. 108 

24 Piere Chenne's receipt to Jehu Hay for 72, 8s. 109 


24 Elleopolle Chene's receipt to Jehu Hay for 72, 8s. no 


24 Ben. James's bill and receipt to Jehu Hay for 33, 73. 112 


24 Form of instructions to the commissaries of Indian 
Johnson Hall affairs at Michilimackinac, Niagara, Ontario etc. for 
1767; defining powers and duties relative to trade and 
the preservation of peace. 25 :8^ 

24 Dr William Annesley's account for medical service to 
Fort Chartres Indians; receipted. 85(2) 

24 Edward Cole's order to Sir William Johnson to pay 

Fort Chartres Baynton, Wharton & Morgan 3721, 125. 14:261 

25 Certificate of Edward Cole, commissary of Indian affairs, 
Fort Chartres regarding Dr William Annesly's account for medical 

service. Certificate of Col. Jno. Reed, 34th regi 
ment, regarding Dr Annesly's account. 25:85(1) 

26 Sir William Johnson in account with B. Roberts, com- 
[Niagara] missary. 14:119 

26 Account of Indian disbursements by Benj'n Roberts, 

Nia &- commissary; followed by the certificate of Capt. John 

Brown, 6oth regiment. 120 

29 [Sir William Johnson] to Sir H. Moore, saying that Mr 

Johnson Hall Fargie's application is fruitless, as Mr Croghan agrees 
to continue in the service, and mentioning the Indian 
case lately before the council, a mistake in surveying, 
by which the persons concerned in a tract south of the 
Mohawk, obtained 70,000 acres instead of 200,000 and a 
desired proclamation forbidding clandestine purchases. 121 

Apr. i [Sir William Johnson] to the Earl of Shelburne, explain- 

Johnson Hall i n g that the old wound prevented his attending the 
hearing in New York on the Wappinger claim con 
sidering the circumstances which led to an adverse 
decision, agreeing with the view that the Indian super 
intendents should be in communication with the com 
mander in chief rather than the governors, and enumer 
ating difficulties attending the protection of the Indian 
lands and the enforcement of trade regulations. 
[Doc. rel. to Col. Hist. N. Y. 7:913-15] 122 

i [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Gage, concerning an 

Johnson Hall account of pay and disbursements, violation of trade 
restrictions, remedies, the Onondagas' need of food, the 
intention of Virginians to settle near Monongahala, 



Maj. Gorham's application for ^300, the need of a cash 
reserve for Indian expenses, Mr Croghan's continua 
tion in office, new trade regulations and an exception 
of the region north of Lake Huron. [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 
2:843-46; Q, 2:490-91! 14^23 

Apr. i [Sir William Johnson] to J. Watts, to say that it will be 

Johnson Hall impossible to serve Mr Francis as Mr Croghan will 
continue to be deputy agent, and that he will give Mr 
Wetherhead a draft on Watts for the amount deposited 
by Mr Allen to defray the expenses of an Indian con 
ference concerning the boundaries of Pensilvania and 
Maryland; mentioning the adverse decision on the 
[Wappingers'] claim. 129 

[Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Gage, concerning attacks 

Johnson Hall O n Mr Croghan, Mr Croghan's late expenses and 
former losses in the service. [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 2:846- 
47; Q, 2:492] 130 

3 P. Silvester about the cases against John Wasson and 

Albany Arie Sante Newkerk. 131 

3 Account of expenses of Guy Johnson, deputy agent of 

Indian affairs in. going to, attending and returning 
from the New York hearing on the cause of the Wap- 
pinger Indians ; with receipt from G. Johnson. 134 

4 [Sir William Johnson] to J. T. Kempe, regarding Mr 
johnson Hall Francis's application and Mr Croghan's continuance in 

office, Nimham's disposition to push the [Wappinger] 
case, and the offensive anonymous letter. 132 

4 [Sir William Johnson] to Mr Wetherhead, concerning 
Johnson Hall Mrs Wetherhead's polite letter, some jewels, an in 
closed order on Mr Watts, commissions on New York 
business done for Johnson and a land dispute. 133 

6 Gw. Banyar, concerning the claim of the Wappinger 
New York Indians and some means of forestalling frivolous pro 
ceeding, news of Sir William's son in England and 

Maj. Clarke's 2000 acres in Sachendage. 135 

[6] John Wetherhead, acknowledging a letter brought by 
New York Lieut. Frasier, quoting the New York price of potash 
and offering to take charge of a foreign shipment of 
this product. 137 

7 Same about a bill of parcels, tablespoons, a talk with 
New York Alderman Phil Livingston on the price of potash, a 

certificate of manufacture necessary in exporting, some 
Lisbon wine and an importation of Indian dry goods. 136 
[7] Myer Myers to [Sir William Johnson (?)], to say that a 
silver tureen holding five quarts should cost, if plain, 
>3> i5s, and, if chased, 67, IDS. 138 

8 Sir W'illiam Johnson's account with John Wetherhead. 139 
New York 




Apr. 8 Qauyakoon, asking a small loan. 


ii Jas. Bloodgood about a carriage he is making for John- 

25 :86 


New York 

son. 14 : 140 

[Sir] Htenry] Moore to [Sir William Johnson], regard 
ing an error in the Indian deed, a proposed division of 
the militia regiments, and the appointment of proper 
officers. 141 

13 Jno. Monier, about a postage account which he sends. 142 


13 John Watts, concerning money from Philadelphia, the 

New York Northhampton territory, a letter for Capt. Claus from 

Mr Baker, resentment in England against the province 

for opposition to the act for billeting troops, and a 

draft for 500 in favor of Mr Wetherhead. 143 

15 John Munro to [Sir William Johnson] about a scheme 
Albany prejudicial to Johnson's interest, of which he has in 

formed Mr Burns. 145 

15 George Croghan on a conversation with Gen. [Gage] 
New York about Indian traders, the murder of the Dellaway, ap 
proval of Indian accounts and a sum of money due 
Croghain; also on a land purchase from the Oneagh- 
quaga Indians, the concession by the patentees of Kay- 
aderrusera, rumor of a Spanish war, resentment in Eng 
land at opposition in this colony to the Billeting Act 
and issues of paper currency, Croghan's intended jour 
ney to Phill; inclosing a list of people employed at 
Fort Pitt, Detroit and Illinioes, and mentioning Mr 
Prevost's inclination to settle on the Mohock river. 146 

Return of people employed in the Indian service at the 
Ilinioes, Detroit and Fort Pitt. [In the handwriting 
of George Croghan; not dated but probably the in- 
closure mentioned in no. 146] 1\ 

15 David V. Derheyden's bill to Sir William Johnson for 

Alby. Indian goods. 14? 

16 Geo. Croghan, asking that a draft on Capt. Maturin for 

the amount of Col. Cole's account be drawn in favor 
of Henry White, agent of Btaynton], Wtharton and] 
Morgan. !4^ 

18 [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Gage, regarding the mur- 
Johnson Hall der of traders by Cherokees in retaliation, the murder 
of the Delaware at Redstone Creek, the chances of any 
lasting peace between the northern confederacy and 
the southern Indians, commissary appointments affect 
ing Lieut. Roberts, Capt. Lieut. MacLeod and Mich'l 
Byrne, and drafts for Indian expenses at Montreal. 
[Doc. Hist. N. Y. 2:848-50; Q, 2:493-94] U9 



Apr. 18 [Sir William Johnson] to Sir H. Moore on the late pur- 
Johnson Hall chase of Mohawk land for Lawyer and others, and 

expenses of the Oneida purchase north of the Mohawk. 14:150 

19 Chris'r Yates's bill to Sir William Johnson for sur- 
Schenectaday veying; receipted January 29, 1768. 152 

20 Gw. Banyar about terms of payment for Maj. Clarke's 
New York lands at Sacondaga, Brackam's successful petition for 

600 acres, a survey by Mr Cockburn, a variance be 
tween Lawyer and Duane and the attitude of the coun 
cil toward Indian land sales. 151 
20 [Sir William Johnson] to Lord Adam Gordon, acknowl- 
Johnson Hall edging kindness and mentioning the Indians' resent 
ment for neglect and injustice, retaliation by the Chero- 
kees, effect of the repeal [of the Stamp Act], advan 
tages of the new Indian purchases and importance 
of the persons concerned [13:121], also the benefit to 
Sir William's son of foreign travel. 153 

20 Scheme for forming several regiments out of the militia 

for the county of Albany. 154 

21 [Sir William Johnson] to Lieut. Col. Massy about the 
Johnson Hall complaint against Commissary Hay at Detroit, the plan 

proposed by the Board of Trade for the Indian depart 
ment, the need of stringent trade regulations and the 
proper place for trying infractions. 155 

22 Account of presents made to the Euriqua [Iroquois] and 
Quebec the Caughnawaga Indians by Matt'w Wade; with cer 
tificate of Lieut. Gov. Guy Carleton. 156 

22 John Wetherhead's bill to Sir William Johnson. 127 
New York 

23 Daniel Campbell about an order for goods wanted at the 
Schenectady German Flats; with thanks for business favors. 157 

23 R. Cartwright, informing that Lieut. Roberts has drawn 
Albany O n Johnson in his favor. 158 

24 Myer Myers's bill to John Weatherhead for tablespoons. 125 
Duplicate of Iso. 125. 126 

24 [Sir] H[enry] Moore to [Sir William Johnson], intro- 
Fort George ducing Mr Grant, Mr Cuthbert and Mr Campbell, who 

are traveling to Niagara. 159 

24 [Sir William Johnson] to G. Maturin, informing that he 
Johnson Hall sends to Com'y Gen. Leake an order on Maturin for 
the amount of Mr Croghan's account; that he sends 
Henry White an order for the amount of pay, expenses, 
etc. of Mr Cole, commissary at the Ilinois ; and that he 
needs money for disbursements and officers' pay. 
[Doc. Hist. N. Y. 2:852-53; Q, 2:495] 160 

24 [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Gage, regarding orders 
Johnson Hall se nt by the General to Niagara and Fort Pitt, instruc 
tions to Maj. Gorham and the commissaries, a provision 




for the pay of department officers and for retrenchment 
in the cost of Indian goods, the effect of frontier mur 
ders by which Indians are sufferers, the boundary de 
sired by the Governors of Pensilvania and Maryland, 
the intended trip of Chabert Joncair with goods to 
Niagara and clothing stored at the posts for the Indians. 
[Doc. Hist. N. Y. 2:850-52; Q, 2:494-95] 14:161 

Apr. 25 [Sir William Johnson] to Sir H. Moore on the proposal 
Johnson Hall to increase the number of militia regiments and re 
organize the military force of the province, his own 
services in control of the local military and the diffi 
culty of finding good field officers. 162 
25 Daniel Campbell about an order which he has filled ; men- 
Schectady tioning Capt. MacLeod and his wife, Capt. Lee of the 
artillery, Commodore Grant, Col. Grant and Col. 
Reade. 163 

27 Capt. Normand MacLeod to [Sir William Johnson], ex- 
New York cusing his long delay at New York. 164 

28 John Wetherhead's bill to Sir William Johnson for York 

New York rum. 128 

28 Sir William Johnson in account with Caleb Graydon ; 
with an order, drawn April 15 at Fort Augusta, to pay 
Baynton, Wharton & Morgan. Receipted by Baynton, 
Wharton & Morgan at Philadelphia. 144 

28 [Sir William Johnson] to Tim'y Woodbridge, concerning 
Johnson Hall the claims of the Stockbridge Indians and the evidence 

needed to support it. 25 :&? 

28 John Wetherhead, mentioning letters forwarded to Lord 
New York Adam Gordon and the Earl of Shelburne, surveying 
instruments, a draft on Mr Watts, a shipment of two 
hogsheads of rum, and Indian goods expected from 
England. 14:165 

28 John Wetherhead to [Sir William Johnson], concerning 
New York a draft on Mr Watts, commission on business, silver 

spoons sent in charge of Allan McDougall, who is 
journeying to Detroit, Sir William's letter to Mrs 
Wetherhead, surveying instruments for which he has 
written Aron Miller of Elizabeth Town, and articles 
that have gone astray. 166 

29 John Glen Jun'r, to say that he will have a bateau and two 
Albany me n ready by May 3. 167 

John Wetherhead about spoons and parchment, which 

he sends. 124 

May i [Sir William Johnson] to Gov. Franklin, asking assist- 
Johnson Hall a nce and protection for the Delawares in his province 
who wish to remove to the Ohio country and mqutr- 
ing about an affair proposed to the home government, 
[12:127, 128] 168 




May I Sir William Johnson's account with Duncan, Phyn & 
[Schenectady] Ellice. 

I [Sir William Johnson] to Sir Henry Moore, concerning 

Johnson Hall the claim of the Stockbridge Indians, particularly as it 

conflicts with that of the Mohawks in lands west of the 

. Hudson. 

Matthew Wade, sending his account certified by Gen. 
Carleton, notifying that he has drawn in favor of Mr 
Farrell, and explaining that he was not responsible for 
a large present to the Indians. 

Lieut. Edw. Abbott, applying for the place of Indian com 
missary at D'Etroit. 

John Watts to [Sir William Johnson], regarding two 
orders which he has paid, the billeting of soldiers on 
the colony, the petition of the Mohawks laid before the 
ministry, a report that Johnson has a scheme for re 
ducing expenses at the outposts, the claim of the Stock- 
bridge Indians and Mr Allen's inquiries concerning sur 
veys and the boundary between Phila'a. and Maryland. 

Pyeter M. DeGarmo, to say that he has married the relict 
of the late Rev. Mr Lapius and to ask if his spouse's 
portion from Germany has yet come. 

Last will and testament of Grace Cosby. 





New York 




5 John Wetherhead about letters from Lieut. Prevost, 

New York orders for the purchase of a negro girl, carpenters who 
will settle in Johnson's village, a young schoolmaster 
who wishes to come, laborers whom he will send, for 
warding goods through R. Cartwright and the failure 
of James Rivington. 
5 Capt. A. C. Cuyler, recommending Benjn. Egberts for a 

Albany commission as 3d lieutenant, mentioning the growth of 

the company and inquiring about an account against 
Maj. Rogers. 
7 Speech of the Mehamie Indians to some traders, express- 

Mehamies i n g pleasure at the arrival of traders and regret at 

orders for the removal of the goods and return of the 

smith to Detroit and resolving to send a protest to 

Commissary Hay. 

ii John Wetherhead, regarding the land dispute between Mr 

New York Duane and the Schoharry people, the application of the 
government's decision to a pending case in which the 
writer is interested, an accommodation proposed by Mr 
Schuyler and a report that the home government will 
remove Johnson from the superintendency in the in 
terest of economy. 













May 12 Daniel Campbell, mentioning an order for rum and nails, 
Schenectady an inclosed account for iron and steel, Indian corn for 

sale and Mr Rivington's failure. 14:179 

12 Robert Leake, saying that he has paid Mr Croghan's draft 
New York i n favor of Lawrence & French, asking that orders for 
provisions may be sent early and mentioning Capt. 
Johnson's conversation and the slight prospect of a 
paper currency on the plan proposed in New York. 180 

15 John B. V. Eps's bill to Sir William Johnson for trans- 
Schinedy portation. l8l 

15 R. Cartwright, recommending Jno. Mallet for employment 
Albany and inquiring about the celebration of St John's day. 182 

15 John Morin Scott, Win. Smith Jr and Benj'n Kissam, 
New York relative to the settlement of the Kayaderosseres dis 
pute with the Indians. 183 

[Sir William Johnson] to Mr Wallace, asking that he will 
act as referee in a dispute between Capt. Johnson and 
Maj. Maclean, formerly of the Independents, relating to 
recruiting affairs. [No date] 184 

16 Jno. Monier, concerning an account with the post office 
Albany sent some time ago. 185 

19 Allan McDougall, concerning articles sent up by Mr 
Coghnawage Wetherhead, McDougall's expected journey to Detroit 
and an account of charges for goods sent to Johnson 
Hall. 186 

19 William Gamble, recommending Mr Mallet, who is willing 
Schenectady to settle in Johnstown and mentioning the next lodge 

night 187 

20 [Sir William Johnson] to Lieut. Gov. Penn, acquainting 
Johnson Hall with the success of his conference with the Six Nations 

at the German flatts, relative to the boundary line de 
sired by Pennsylvania and Maryland. [13:174] 188 

20 [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Gage, concerning the con- 
Johnson Hall ference with the Indians relative to the divisional line 

of Pensilvania and Maryland, peace established between 
the Six Nations and the Cherokees, the murder of 
squaws at Detroit, expenses of the service, a present 
made by Lieut. Gov. Carleton to Indians, the conduct 
of the Canadians in the west, the results of unregulated 
trade, the complaint against Commissary Hay, Gov. 
Carleton's insinuation against the commissaries and 
letters to Maj. Rogers and Henry Cuyler. [Doc. Hist. 
N. Y. 2 1853-55 ; Q, 2 1496-97] 189 

21 Capt. Wm. Howard, reminding that his Indian accounts 
New York have not been paid and asking an order on Capt. 

Maturin. 190 

24 H. Cuyler, saying that he will inform Johnson as soon as 
Albany he receives money from the General. 191 



May 25 John Wetherhead about an order which he will fill and 
New York surveying instruments which will be sent by the Albany 

sloop to the address of Mr Cartwright. 14:192 

25 An account of goods given to the several Indian nations 
Michilimak- in the district of Michilimacanac, purchased of Stephen 
anac Groesbeck by order of Robert Rogers ; with Groesbeck's 

order to pay Farril & Habbit [Henry, Farrell & Abbot]. 193 

25 James Collins, speaking of circumstances which interfere 
Schohare w ith his success as a teacher in this country, asking 

help to obtain employment as a tutor and referring to 
Captains Buttler and Fry. 25:89 

26 Daniel Campbell about an order which he is filling, and 
Skenectady O ne Capt. Stevens, who is going up to Fort Stanwix 

"to dismantle the garrison." I4 :I 94 

29 William Hanna, expressing thankfulness for a favor and 

Schenectady saying that he is acquainting himself with the for 
malities and proceedings of the court and designs to 
settle in Schenectady. [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 4'-373~74', 
9,4:236] 195 

29 [Sir William Johnson] to Sir Henry Moore, concerning 

Jounson Hall the county militia and its division into regiments; 
offering a scheme of division and proposing names of 
officers ; also discussing the formation of a new county 
and mentioning the evils of tippling houses and gates, 
and Col. Grant's reception by the Indians at the Ger 
man flatts. 196 

29 [Sir William Johnson] to Gov. Henry Moore on the fraud 
Johnson Hall and informality of Maybe's Indian deed and the in 
dignation of the Conajoharees. 197 

30 [Sir William Johnson] to J. Watts, concerning a money 
Johnson Hall affair, an unfounded report that Johnson will take the 

posts under his care, a report that he is to be removed 
from office, the malice of Mr Smith and others and the 
difficulties attending the Indian conference at the Ger 
man flatts. 198 
30 [Sir William Johnson] to the Earl of Shelburne, de- 
Johnson Hall claring his gratitude to the King for his royal inten 
tions and mentioning the congress at the German flatts 
regarding the division line over the Allegany mountains 
[13:174], the need of a plan for correcting abuses 
complained of by the Indians, the irregular and in 
sidious practices of Canadian traders, and the conse 
quences of ill regulated traffic. 199 



Return of companies in Albany battalion of militia which 
want officers and names of persons recommended to fill 
vacancies. [Canceled] 4:28 



Apr.-May Return of the ist (Albany) battalion, containing the 
Albany names of officers and number of sergeants and of rank 

and file of each company. May 18, 1767. 14:201 

Capt. Abraham C. Cuyler's grenadier company. May i, 

Albany ^67. 202 

Capt. Joacham Staats's company, from the east side. 205 

Capt. Jeremiah Hogeboom's company. 226 

Capt. Frederick Kortz's company. May 12, 1767. 228 
East Camp 

Capt. John Wennee's [Winne's] company. May 4, 1767. 210 
Capt. Jacobus Van Alen's company. 225 


Capt. Fraens Claevw Jr's company. May 13, 1767. 227 


Capt. Hendrick M. Roseboom's company. May 7, 1767. 203 

Capt. Cornelus Dubois's company. April 9, 1767. 230 


Capt. Johannis Hogeboom's company. May 13, 1767. 229 


Capt. Johannis Van Hoesen's company. May 9, 1767. 224 


Capt. Marte Helenbeck's company. 212 

Capt. Bernardus Bratt's company, in the first ward in the 

Albany c ity. 2O4 

Capt. Jacob Halenbeck's company. 211 

Capt. Rycart Van Vranka's company, in the colony of 

Albany Ranslars Wyck. May 7, 1767. 206 

Lieut. John M. Veeder's company, in the colony of Rence- 

larswick. 208 

Capt. Abraham Van Aernam's company, in the colony 

Rensselaer Wyck. 207 

Return of the 2d (Schenectady) battalion containing 

Schenectady names of officers and number of rank and file of each 

company. 214 

Capt. Jacob Sternberger's company. May 2, 1767. 219 


Capt. Gerrit A. Lansing's (2(1 Schenectady) company. 213 

Capt. Nicholas Groot's company. May 19, 1767. 217 


Capt. John Glen Jun'r's troop of Light Horse. May 7, 

Schonectady 1767. 21$ 

Capt. John Duncan's grenadier company. May n, 1767. 216 


Capt. Thomas Ackeson's company. 220 

Capt. Andries Truex's company. April 29, 1767. 218 


Capt. Conrad Frank's company. May 8, 1767. 222 

Capt. Marx Petry's company. May 9, 1767. 223 

Bornets Field 






Apr.-May Capt. Daniel Campbell's company. May 12, 1767. 14:209 


Capt. John Sanders's company. 231 

May A speech sent from Miamies to the commander at 

Detroit, complaining that brandy has been brought to 

their village and begging that it may be kept away on 

account of their wives and children. [In French] 25 190 

June i Capt. G. Maturin, to say that he will send by Captains 

New York Campbell and Lee to Henry Cuyler of Albany 5484, 6s, 

id for Johnson. 14*235 

i [Sir William Johnson] to Lieut. Gov. Carleton, discussing 
Johnson Hall the loyalty of the King's French Canadian subjects, dis 
tinguishing between French merchants in towns and 
roving traders, considering the general interest of the 
colonies in the Indian trade, vindicating his own dis 
interestedness, defending the commissaries, particularly 
Mr Hay at Detroit, against charges, and promising a 
fair inquiry. 

i A list of sums transmitted to [Sir William Johnson] per 
[New York] Capt. Campbell by Capt. Maturin 5484, 6s, yd. 

i [Sir William Johnson] to Mr Wetherhead about letters, 
Johnson Hall Rivington's misfortune, orders to be filled, money to be 
paid to Capt. Gilbert Tice of Schenectady, a land affair 
in 'which Wetherhead and Mr Kempe are interested 
and the course to which he is bound by official rectitude, 
also the malice of Mr Smith and the appreciative letter 
of his Majesty's principal secretary of state. 238 

i Sir William Johnson's receipt to Gabriel Maturin for 
New York 1008, i/s, 4d in full of disbursements to Indians from 
October 12, 1766, to March 25, 1767; with account 
appended. 26 139 

i Duplicate of no. 39. 44 

i Sir William Johnson's receipt to Gabriel Maturin for 
New York 1732, iis, iod in full of George Croghan's expenses 
and losses when taken prisoner by Indians in 1765 near 
the Ouabache ; account signed by Croghan appended. 40 

i Duplicate of no. 40. 41 

i Sir William Johnson's receipt to Gabriel Maturin for 
New York 6146, 95, sd for pay of himself and officers and of 

commissaries, interpreters and smiths. 42 

1 Duplicate of no. 42. 43 

2 John Wetherhead, regarding an order for metheglin, 
New York articles sent in care of Capt. Tyce of Schenectady, and 

a package of letters not yet received. 14 1230 

3 Capt. Harry Gordon, considering the vanity of ambition 
Albany other than the desire to perform the immediate duty, 

foreign reports concerning Lord Chatham, Mr Green 
ville and Lord Hallifax and a land interest in which he 
is involved. 240 



June 3 George Croghan, informing of injuries against the Six 
Fort Pitt Nations and Delawares on the Virginia frontier and 
repeating the Indians' complaint regarding settlements 
west of the Allegany mountains, their agreement to 
await justice from Johnson and information given by 
one Maisonville. 25 :QI 

4 [Sir William Johnson] to Benjn. Kissam, stating the re- 
Johnson Hall suit of a conference with the Mohawks held for the 

settlement of the Kayaderosseras dispute. 14 1241 

6 Sir William Johnson to Sir Henry Moore, giving proofs 
Johnson Hall o f the irregular and fraudulent character of the deed 

obtained by Maybe from the Conajohareas. 242 

7 Capt. Gavin Cochrane to [Sir William Johnson], saying 
London that he hopes to buy and settle in Sir William's neigh 
borhood, mentioning Johnson's public services, vindicat 
ing Indians against the term " savages " and discussing 

the newly discovered Patagonians. 243 

7 John Wetherhead about honey and metheglin, surveying 
New York instruments, Mr M'Dougall and an affair at Detroit in 
which Wetherhead has been villainously used and 
which compels him to ask a business accommodation of 
Johnson. 244 

7 Joseph Winn to [Sir William Johnson], inquiring about 
Nottingham his son, Micaiah, who was wounded and captured at 
West, N. H. Fort William Henry in 1757. 245 

10 John Glen Jun'r about paying Mr ONiel and a certificate 
Schonectady that must be produced. 246 

i'0 Daniel Campbell about an article which he is sending up 
Schenectady by ONeal and money for Johnson in the hands of 

Abraham Cuyler. 247 

10 R. Cartwright to [Sir William Johnson], advising of 
Albany money in the hands of Abraham Cuyler and asking 

acceptance of an invitation from the lodge to attend 
the observance of St John's day. 248 

12 Sir William Johnson to Capt. Maturin, acknowledging a 
Johnson Hall letter and sending receipts for money transmitted by 

the hands of Capt. Campbell. 249 

12 [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Gage, acknowledging a 
Johnson Hall letter, speaking of a murder committed at [Detroit] and 
discussing Lieut. Gov. Carleton's extraordinary attitude 
toward Indian commissaries and traders, the complaint 
against Mr Hay, the murder of Jadot and other ill con 
sequences of a lawless Indian trade, and violations of 
the restrictions at Toronto and elsewhere along the 
north shore of Ontario. [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 2:855-57; 
Q, 2 1497-98] 250 

12 Capt. John Johnston's account against Sir William John 
son ^105, 175, gd. 13:140 




June 12 



New York 

Capt. John Johnston's account against Sir William John 
son for vinegar, horse hire, etc. [Accompanying no. 
140, in which it is included as one of the items] 13:141 

James Syme, acquainting with the formation of a part 
nership with Christopher Kilby and soliciting business 
favors. I4 :2 5i 

15 Hugh Wallace, concerning money which Maj. Goreham 
New York expects to receive and Lieut. Galland, who will reside 

at Fort Stanwix and is in need of some assistance. 253 

John Wetherhead to [Sir William Johnson], regarding 
letters detained, Mr Kempe, the "Falsity to Billy 
Smith's Report," corn which he will try to obtain in 
the Jerseys, the expected return of Sir John, a loan 
requested, Mr Kelly's estate and Mrs Wetherhead's 
relation to the property. 254 

15 Thos. Ellis about means which Baxter has taken to dis- 
Conard Clocks tress him and a favor, in Johnson's power, the grant 
ing of which will relieve the situation. 255 

16 Sir William Johnson's account current with Daniel Camp 

bell. 9:118 

19 Sir William Johnson in account with John Wetherhead 
[New York] f or sundries 186, los, 7d. 14:256(1) 

19 Charles Bordman's bill to Wetherhead for 591 bushels 
of Indian corn; receipted. [Charged to Johnson in 
Wetherhead's account of same date] 256(2) 

Baynton, Wharton & Morgan about an account against the 

Crown for sundries supplied at Fort Augusta. 257 

Hugh Wallace, asking for a draft or cash transmitted by 
some safe hand and mentioning Maj.Goreham's need of 
an advance of ^300. 258 

John Wetherhead on a shipment of Indian corn, its scarc 
ity, pressure of business, also ale and hyson tea which 
he sends. 259 

Shelburne (duplicate), assuring Johnson of the King's 
reliance on the prudence of his Indian policy, advising 
liberal treatment of Canadian traders and condemning 
the projected settlements near the Ohio. 25:92 

Baynton, Wharton & Morgan, asking payment of a draft 

from Fort Chartres. [14:261; March 24, 1767] 14:260 

Peter Krems, for Isaac Paris, denying any intention on 
the part of the highroad commissioners to lay out a 
road through Johnson's cleared land and saying that 
the course of the road is left to Johnson's discretion. 262 

John Wetherhead, sending a bill and mentioning the 
multiplicity of business cares. 263 

Isaac &c., explaining that the " sovereign " behavior of 
their people at Johnson's house was due to the influence 
of rum and thanking for one gallon brought home. 264 

N York 


New York 

New York 





New York 





June 23 [Sir William Johnson] to Mr Wetherhead, regretting and 

Johnson Hall explaining his inability to lend a sum of money and 

mentioning Mr MacDougal, metheglin and honey, Sir 

John's stay in New York and people who wish to settle 

on Sir William's estate. 14:265 

24 [Sir William Johnson] to Lieut. Gov. Carleton, consider- 

Johnson Hall ing the interests of Monsr. Chabert, the behavior of 

Frenchmen who are British subjects and the true policy 

toward them. 266 

26 A report (copy) from the Lords of Trade to the Lords 

Whitehall of the Committee of Council for plantation affairs, 

showing that the grant by the Conajoharee Indians 

[5:19] to Sir William Johnson is not in contravention 

of any Indian treaty or the royal proclamation of 

1763. [Doc. rel to Col Hist. N. Y. 7:942-43] 267 

28 Baynton, Wharton & Morgan, to say that they send some 
Philada. Lisbon wine, being informed that Sir William's physi 
cian has advised its use. 268 

29 John Wetherhead, regarding corn which he has sent in 
New York C are of Capt. Barent Van Allen and some which he can 

buy at 35, 9d. 269 

July i [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Gage, mentioning a visit 

Johnson Hall from Mr Chabert and Lieut. Carleton, referring to 
the General the plea of the former for permission to 
trade and informing that the commanding officers at 
the post refuse to issue provisions to the commissaries, 
officers and smiths. [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 2:857-58; Q, 
2 :498] 270 

i [Sir William Johnson] to Sir H. Moore, relating his 

Johnson Hall efforts to restrain the [Mohawk] Indians from redress 
ing their wrongs, giving an account of the recent and 
earlier offenses of George Klock against these Indians 
and urging that he be compelled to sign a release to 
them of lands unjustly held. 271 

i [Sir William Johnson] to same, notifying that he will 

Johnson Hall draw on him for 400, is, 6d (money for the Oneida 
purchase) in favor of Mr Banyar and for 60, 45, 6d in 
favor of Mr Wetherhead, commending Mr Fraser, 
informing of the progress of the survey in the Oneida 
purchase south of the Mohawk, also of a survey in 
the Mohawk country w ? hich is very advantageous to 
Mr DuBois and disadvantageous to Jacob Mentes. 272 

I Maj. Jos. Gorham, concerning his pay, the history of 

Halifax Indian management and expenses in the district, the dif 

ferent tribes living there, the difficulty of withdrawing 
govermental subsidies from them and their need of a 
missionary. 25 :93 



July 3 Sampson Simson, reminding that Lieut. Roberts's draft 
New York has not been paid. IS- 1 

3 Edward Cole, commissary, to George Croghan, commend- 
Fort Chartres ing Mr Messonville, mentioning an expected visit from 

Sakies, Reynards and other nations on the Messourie, 
praising young Dequoney, a new chief, and speaking of 
applicants for the post of interpreter. 2 

4 James Phyn, concerning payment of Capt. McLeod's 
Schencctady draft in favor of E. Pollard. 3(1) 

4 William Gamble to [Sir William Johnson], sending a 

Albany written book from Sam Williams and recommending 

the bearer, a brother Mason, for employment. 4 

4 John Wetherhead about a shipment, cash or a draft 

New York desired and a transaction with John Van Seiss. 5 

6 Hugh Scott to [Sir William Johnson], complaining of 
New York delay in the payment of an Indian account and blaming 

Capt. Claus. 6 

7 John Wetherhead to [Sir William Johnson] about scare- 
New York ity of money, a remittance and the quality of honey 

sent. 7 

7 Rev. Joseph Fish, giving an account of the Boston com- 
Stonington missioners' effort to maintain an Indian school at 
Charlestown, his religious labors there and the de 
pressing effect on the Indians of the sale of their lands 
by the sachem. 25 194 

7 Samuel Niles and John Shattock, Narraganset Indians, 
Charlestown informing that, in spite of Sir William's interposition, 
R ! their sachem still disposes of their lands, and asking 

direction. 95 

ii [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Gage, relative to the 
Johnson Hall murder of Capt. St Clair's servant by Mississageys or 
Chippawaes at Lake Huron, the attempt of Capt. Mur 
ray to dissuade the Virginians from settling at Red 
Stone Creek and Cheat River, Mr Croghan's expenses 
at Fort Pitt and Mr Cole's at the Ilinois, and deserters 
who are stirring up trouble about Detroit and Michili- 
macinac. [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 2:858-59; Q, 2:499] 15:8 

14 Sir John Johnson's account with Duncan & Phyn 123, . 
Johnson Hall 4S> 5 d ; receipted by James Phyn. 9 

15 Hennery [Henry], Farrel & Abbot's receipt to Sir 
Johnson Hall William Johnson for Si, 12s, in full of an account; 

signed, Robert Henry & Co. 10 

16 William Edgar's account of losses from the Indians 
Detroit a t Michelamackanac and other posts in 1763; sworn 

before Capt. Geo. Turnbull, 6oth regiment. 221 

17 Extract from Mr Smith's journal, relating his discovery 

of some abandoned goods which seemed to testify to 
Indian depredations and a capture. [Probably inclosed 
with no. 72] II 



July 20 John Wetherhead, concerning money credited to John- 
New York son's account, some globes brought by Capt. Sinclair 

and the expected arrival of Sir John. 15 -.12 

20 Daniel Campbell, giving news of Sir John and of the 
New York resolution of the House of Commons to withdraw 
legislative authority from all the provinces that oppose 
the Billeting Act or any other act of Great Britain and 
mentioning an accident to Capt. Johnson. 18 

20 Dr Richard Shuckburgh, mentioning the arrival of Sir 
New York John's baggage, permission obtained by the writer to 
remain three months in the city, British official sanc 
tions necessary to Shuckburgh's receipt of salary and a 
reported movement of troops. 19 

20 Gw. Banyar, mentioning a receipt of money, a deed and 
New York ma p, a resolution in the Commons restricting the right 
of legislation in the colony of New York, and a purpose 
to reward loyalty displayed during the Stamp Act 
troubles, a rumor of new taxation and the accident to 
Captains Johnson and Claus. 20 

23 Major Isaac Swits, saying that he incloses a list of the 
Albany names of the men in the company of Capt. [Abraham] 

Van Aernam. 13 

23 William Darlington to [Sir William Johnson], regard- 
New York ing two servants and sundry packages forwarded by 

Volkert Dawson's sloop. 14 

24 John Wetherhead to [Sir William Johnson] about two 
New York globes which he sends and an account delayed by 

hurry of business. 13 

27 R. Cartwright, giving information from Henry Cuyler 
[Albany] that Sir John does not come in the Amelia but in the 

next packet. 2: 

28 John Wetherhead, saying that he sends articles on the 

New York sloop which conveys Col. Croghan. 16(1) 

28 Gilbert Forbes's bill to John Weatherhed for nails. 16(2) 
New York 

29 [Sir William Johnson] to Sir H. Moore, explaining that 
Johnson Hall Lieut. Col. Vanslyke's age is the reason that he did 

not propose him for a militia command, that preferment 
according to rank is not always practicable in " a 
young country," that his son [Sir John] would not 
choose any station which would give umbrage to Mr 
Vanslyke, that an act of legislature is advisable in or 
ganizing a regiment of horse out of the militia from 
Albany westward, and asking advice regarding an 
Indian deed unlawfully obtained. [14:242] 17 

29 James Phyn, asking attendance at the funeral of Mr 
[Schenec- Duncan's daughter on the following day. 22 




Cornelius Swits's bill to Sir William Johnson for 

freight from New York to Albany. 7:132 

Aug. i John Wetherhead, regarding bolting cloth which he sends, 
New York a bell for which he is negotiating, and corn which he 

can buy at 45 a bushel. 15 123 

2 Capt. Harry Gordon to [Sir William Johnson], desiring 
Schenectady advice in making a purchase north of the Mohawk on 

Canada or Teiogo creek. 25 

6 [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Gage, concerning Lieut. 
Johnson Hall Johnson's misfortune, Capt. Claus's departure for Can 
ada, Lieut. Galland's information concerning the 
Oneidas, the Indians brought from Detroit on a charge 
of murder, information brought by an escaped prisoner 
touching French and Spanish influence over the western 
nations, Mr Croghan's and Mr Cole's accounts, drafts 
for the pay of Commissary Hay, interpreters, smiths, 
etc., besides accounts from Maj. Rogers and Lieut. Gov. 
Carleton. [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 2:860-62; Q, 2:499-500] 26 

IT Lieut. John Galland, informing that the bad behavior of 
Fcrt Stanwix bateaumen and others threatens an Indian outbreak. 27 

12 Commissary B. Roberts, mentioning his uneasiness oc- 
Michilimack- casioned by fear that rum will get to the Indians, the 
inac number of traders away from the post and a manuscript 

in some strange tongue which he incloses for Sir 
William or Guy Johnson to decipher. 28 

14 Maj. Robert Rogers, relative to his journal of Indian 
Michiiimack- affairs, Mr Roberts, the new commissary, Rogers's ac- 
inac counts and the state of trade. 31 

Discription of George and Thomas Archer two of the 
sons of John Archer (now of the Township of Ridley 
in the County of Chester in Pennsylvania) who with 
their Brother and Brother Joseph was Taken Captive by 
the Indians at Conecocheague Settlement in Cumber 
land County on the 4th day of Nov'r 1757 Soon after 
the taking & destroying the Kittannig by Coll. Arm 
strong. [No date] 32 
14 Gerret Van Sante Jr about receipts for pork and flour. 33 

14 Sampson Simson, asking payment of Commissary Rob- 
New York erts's draft.' 14:252 

17 John Wetherhead to [Sir William Johnson] about gro- 
New York ceries which he will send in care of Dr Shucksborough. 15 :34 

T 3 -I 7 Jehu Hay to George Croghan, informing that the Putta- 
Detroit wattamies have sent in John Ore and relating 

the prisoner's story, explaining why he pays 50 a year 
for the house that belonged to Bellestre and mentioning 
accounts, a valuable smith, the request of the Huron 
women for a bell, a dispute with Mr McDougal, the 
arrival of 14 Puttawattamies from St Josephs with 







John Michan, a ransom paid by the Indians for his 
release. I7th : the arrest of the murderer of Mrs 
Fisher's child and his escape. 15 130 

Aug. 19 Account of sundry articles sent to Sir William Johnson 

[New York] Bt by J. Wetherhead 902, ;s, 7^d. 35 

19 John Wetherhead, regarding articles sent up, the drafts 
New York o f Mr McLeod, a bell that will be sent and Jersey corn 

at 35, lod for which he is bargaining; with an account. 36 

20 B. Roberts, commissary of Indian affairs, to Capt. Lieut. 
Michilimak- Spiesmacher, commandant of the troops at Michili- 

inac makinac, impeaching Robert Rogers, commandant of 

Michilimakinac, for holding secret correspondence with 
the enemies of Great Britain and forming conspiracies, 
and desiring that his person and papers be seized. 37 

The memorial of Benjamin Roberts, commissary for 
Indian affairs and trade for the district of Michili- 
mackinac to Capt. Lieut. Spicemaker, commandant 
of the troops, relating an instance of ill usage at the 
hands of Capt. Rogers and asking protection for his 
office and person. 38 

[Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Gage, advising that Mr 
Croghan be sent from Fort Pitt to the Detroit to con 
duct the surrender of the Indians who are prisoners 
and to inquire into abuses and disputes, extenuating 
the Indians' offense, and mentioning an intended 
journey for his health to the lately discovered springs 
on the frontier of N. England. [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 
2:862; Q, 2:501] 39 

[Sir William Johnson] to Sir H. Moore, regarding pur 
chases from the Indians near Delaware river, the head 
of the Susquehanna and elsewhere, in which Col. 
Croghan is interested and for the completion of which 
the Governor's presence at Johnson Hall is requested; 
also a journey to the newly discovered medicinal 
springs. 4 

Benjn. Kissam, asking information as to the disposition 
of the Indians to accept the proposals of the proprietors 
of the Kayoderosserus. 41 

Capt. Daniel Claus, reporting his arrival, party strife 
among the Indians at Aughqtiisasne, an invitation to 
visit the Hurons, a land dispute affecting the St Fran 
cois Indians, mentioning a present of 1100 by Maj. 
Rogers to Indians and discussing the application of 
Lieut. Hughs for appointment as assistant to Claus. 42 

Jehu Hay to George Croghan, describing an attempt to 
implicate Pondiac in the murder of a child, and giving 
information, received from Pon^r. * f t^ slaughter of 
a party of Englishmen on the Ohio, and a story of 
French encouragement to a coming Indian outbreak. 43 


New York 







Aug. 22 Proceedings of a court of inquiry held by virtue of a 
Michilimack- warrant from Maj. Robert Rogers; comprising the 
inac testimony of Commissary Benjamin Roberts, Sergeant 

Hugh McGann and Charles Lavoine regarding a seiz 
ure of rum unlawfully removed from the fort. (Copy) 15:44 

23 Peter Hasenclever to [Sir William Johnson], acquainting 
New York w ith his arrival from England after a passage of 77 

days, the delay in Sir John's arrival, and the unfavorable 
reception in England of the petition of New York mer 
chants in respect to trade, and mentioning the survey of 
lands bought from the Oneida Indians. 15 

24 William Darlington to [Sir William Johnson], sending a 
New York letter brought by the Hallifax packet, from Warren 

Johnson ; and asking payment of a freight bill. 46 

26 John Wetherhead, transmitting an account for a bell. 47 
New York 

27 Gilbert Forbes's bill to John Weatherhed for a bell and 

New York cartage. 50 

28 Jehu Hay to George Croghan, reporting a visit from a 
Detroit Puttawattamee chief who came to beg mercy for the 

young men that took the English prisoners at the Chica- 
saws, Pondiac's expressions of regret at the behavior 
of the Saguinan Indians and a conversation between 
Pondiac and Hay relating to the murder of a child by 
young Cuellerie. 48 

28 John W T etherhead about a bell, Mr Roberts's account and 
New York CO rn. 51 

28 Dr Richard Shuckburgh, asking to be informed of any 
Albany facts touching his affair, offering to carry dispatches 

to any of the ministry and mentioning Lisbon wine, 
spirits and snuff forwarded. 49 

29 John Watts to [Sir William Johnson], concerning money 
New York paid to Mr Wetherhead for expenses of the Indian 

boundary conference, action of Parliament in American 
affairs, organization of the board of customs, the se 
lection of Mr Smith as a member of the Council, the 
sentiments of the proprietors of Kayaderoceros, the 
settling of Northhampton and the accident to Johnson's 
family. 52* 

Jehu Hay, commissary, to Sir William Johnson. All but 
Detroit the first three lines a duplicate of 15 143. 24 

G. Johnson, inclosing a letter and Robts's accounts and 
mentioning his recent injury and the return of Sir 
John. 29 

Sept. 2 George Croghan's draft on Sir William Johnson in 
Albany f avO r of George Wray or order for 171, 8s, 6d,-the pay 

of the gunsmith at Detroit. (Copy) S3 






Sept. 3 Goy. Guy Carleton to Capt. Daniel Claus, discussing the 
Quebec policy of his action in sending a party of soldiers to 

the Indians of the Lake of the Two Mountains and 
notifying of his appointment of Capt. Schlosser to 
enforce the ordinances against retailers of spirits. 
3 Capt. Lieut. F. Spiesmacher, 2d battalion, 6oth regiment, 
Michilimak- transmitting intelligence of an affair between Maj. 
Rogers and Lieut Roberts [15:37, 38] and of their 

H. V. Schaack and nine other traders to Jehu Hay, com- 
missafy, complaining that trade is depressed and re 
mittances of pelfry reduced by regulations which do not 
control their French rivals, who bring Indian goods 
to St Vincent, the Highlands, Vermillion, Ouya, River 
Languille, Le Cour de Serf and the Miamies ; declar 
ing that the restriction of trade to the posts is 
grievous to the Indians, that the regulations bind only 
men of character, leaving the Indians under the 
influence of vagabonds and that Detroit is subject to 
peculiar restriction ; and begging to be allowed to carry 
their trade beyond the posts. 

Jehu Hay to the trading people of Detroit, showing that 
the regulations have not reduced the volume of trade, 
that enforcement would lessen the competition of roving 
French traders, that there is no undue restriction at 
Detroit and he is bound by rigid instructions. 
Elleopolle Chesne's deposition as to Pondiac's admission, 
in which is related the murder of a young child; sworn 
before Philip Dejean. 

6 [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Gage, mentioning his 
Johnson Hall return from the springs, the intended journey of Mr 
Croghan to the Detroit and the sum of Maj. Rogers's 
drafts. [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 2:863; Q, 2:501] 
8 [Sir William Johnson] to Lieut. Gov. Colden, commend- 
Johnson Hall ing a pamphlet by Colden and mentioning a report that 
the King will confer special honor on him. 

8 Captain Normand MacLeod about bad belts sent by the 
Niagara Delawares to other Nations. 

9 Lieut. John Galland, reporting an instance of Indian 
Fort Stanwix insolence. 

10 John Wetherhead to [Sir William Johnson], transmit 
ting an account for a compass and mentioning corn, 
money to be credited to Mr Roberts, money paid Capt. 
MacLeod and the ship which brings Sir John. 
Speech by Indians representing Dillaways, Shawnes and 
Waindots (copy) to the Governor of Virginia, asking 
for a mid-September conference at Fort Cumberland; 
interpreted by John Wolker. 



New York 

Old Town 












Sept. ii [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Gage (private) on un- 

Johnson Hall warranted expenses at Michilimackinac, an offensive 

association forming among the Indian nations and the 

mischievous conduct of settlers and traders. [Doc. 

Hist. N. Y. 2:863-64; Q, 2:501-2] 15:63 

12 P. Silvester, informing of Wasson's death and the state 
Albany o f the judgment against him, also of the payment of 

Newkerk's account by Guysbert Fonda. 64 

13 Hendrick Frey, giving particulars of a journey to Fort 
Canajoharry Schuyler preliminary to a survey and of obstructions 

proceeding from the people of the flatts. 65 

Aug. [29?] [Jehu Hay's] journal of Indian transactions, account of 
-Sept. 13 the killing of Mrs Fisher's child by Pondiac and young 
[Detroit] Cuellerie, conference with Indians looking to establish 
ment of better relations. [Fragment] 25 -.104(1), (2) 

14 George Croghan about a note and some articles delivered 
New York J n Albany, a call on the general in New York, the gen 
eral's opinion of Gov. Carleton's Indian policy and of 
Maj. Rogers's behavior, Sir Harry Moore's desire to 
visit Johnson, Mr Braime's journey to Detroit and Col. 
Campble's certificate to old Labute for a year's pay. 15 :66 

14 Abraham Mortier, informing that he transmits 2833, 
New York IS) 7^ O n a warrant from Gen. Gage and asking the 

return of signed receipts. 67 

17 Benj'n Kissam, expressing the wish of the Kayodoros- 
New York seres patentees to settle at once their dispute with the 

Indians, in order to stop the depredations of timber 
thieves and to take advantage of an act of assembly 
for dividing the lands. 68 

18 John De Berniere to [Sir William Johnson] about par- 
Saratoga ticulars of a land purchase. 69 

19 Lieut. Geo. Phyn, relative to a journey to Fort Pitt, an 
Fort Pitt expedition which he is to make with stores and money 

to Fort Chartres, a further journey to Iberville, to 
Lake Mauripas and to Mobile 3000 miles, guide and 
interpreter, the low state of the Ohio, and pleasant 
hours at Johnson Hall. 70 

20 [Sir William Johnson] to [Capt. Har]ry Gordon, regard- 
Johnson Hall i n g a tract, west of Canada creek and the prospective 

purchase near the headwaters of the Delaware and the 
Susquahana and Gordon's chance of obtaining an in 
terest. 71 
20 A. McKee to George Croghan about a discovery made 
Fort Pitt by Devereaux Smith on his way up from Fort Char 
tres; information given by Monsr. Maisonville and 
Aron, a Mohawk, relative to the murder of eleven 
traders by a Chipawa party; and the coming meeting 
at the Lower Shawanese Town. 72 



Sept. 21 Memorial of Benjamin Roberts, commissary, to Capt. 
Michilimack- Lieut. Spiesmacher, protesting against his confinement 
inac and asking Spiesmacher not to acquiesce in an arbi 

trary proceeding. 15 173 

21 Copy of letter of August 20, B. Roberts to Capt. Clause 
Michilimack- about an illegal rum traffic in which Mr Askin and 
others are implicated; with note of September 21, ab 
solving Mr Askin. [Inclosed in 15 178] 79 
21 B. Roberts to Capt. Claus, Montreal, informing that he 
[Michilimack- i s imprisoned and is to be sent immediately to Detroit 
inac] because he asked an order in writing for a forge. 74 

21 Gen. Thomas Gage, congratulating on benefit received 
New York from the medicinal waters, informing that Mr Cro- 
ghan will receive every assistance for discharging his 
commission in the west, and that the commander at 
Missilimakinak will be removed and his drafts pro 
tested, and mentioning the removal of the Virginians 
by force from Redstone. [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 2:865-66; 
Q, 2 1502-3] 75 

21 Jehu Hay to George Croghan, transmitting transactions 
Detroit w i t h Indian nations from June to September, medals 

promised to certain chiefs, the Puttawa's, who took 
English prisoners, economy in presents to the Indians, 
and the affair of young Cuellerie [15:30, 43, 48]. 76 

21 Gov. Sir H. Moore to [Sir William Johnson] on an 
New York invitation to visit Mohawk country and a proposal 

regarding sale of lands, brought by Col. Croghan: 5:121 

22 [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Gage, concerning Lieut. 
Johnson Hall Galland's troubles, Indian feeling toward settlers, the 

murder of Capt. Sinclair's servant, the Indians' attach 
ment to the French and one measure for overcoming 
it, complaints against Lieut. Hay, a remedy for Indian 
trade evils, removal of encroachers on Indian land, the. 
death of the chief of all the Senecas and Johnson's 
intended journey to the Onondaga country. [Doc. Hist. 
N. Y. 2:866-68; Q, 2:503-4] 1577 

22 John Askin about an accusation and an acquittance signed 
Michilimack- by Mr Roberts, and his reasons for living on the old 
inac farm of the French priest. /S 

22 F. Spiesmacher, acquainting with Mr Robert's confine- 
Michilimak- ment by Maj. Rogers's orders, Rogers's claim to 
inac authority and the difficulty of rr's own position. 80 

24 Journal of Indian transactions at Niagara from July 2 
Niagara to September 24, 1767: relating to a brawl between 

Sinecas and a Messesaga, a congress with Wabacom- 
megat, the illness of Ascushan, a visit from Castesh and 
70 Sinecas, proceedings of a congress with Sineca 
chiefs, including, a mollifying speech by Monsr. 
Chabiere to the Indians, bad belts from the Delaways 




to the Sinecas, horses stolen by Sinecas, a congress 
with Messesaga and Chippawa chiefs and a visit from 
Ascushan with " a quantity of Curious oyl, taken of 
the top of the water of some very small Leake." [Doc. 
Hist. N. Y. 2:868-80; Q, 2:504-11] 15:81 

Sept. 25 Mich'! Byrne, commissary, regarding expenses for pres- 

Fort Ontario e nts and grievances settled. 82 

25 George Croghan about the difference between the pro- 
Phill. prietors of Cayaderusos and the Mohocks, and the 

financial condition of Baynton, Wharton and Morgan. 83 

25 George Croghan about a conversation with the general, 
Phill. the removal of Rogars, an assemblage of 12 western 

nations, the line run between " this province " and 
Merrayland, a message from the Governor regarding a 
boundary, and Croghan's license to purchase the tract 
between the lakes. 84 

25 Jehu Hay to George Croghan, concerning accounts, 
Detroit Chesne's departure, drafts in favor of Mr Sterling and 

Henry Van Schaack, correspondence with traders at 
the post [15:56, 57] and the sale of rum. 85 

28 John Wetherhead on the arrival of Sir John, money 
New York transactions and Mr Kempe's visit to England. 86 

28 Hugh Wallace to [Sir William Johnson], mentioning Sir 
New York John's hasty visit, Maj. Goreham's need, expected de 
parture of Gov. Moore, and probability that Old Sil- 
verlocks [Cadwallader Golden] will take the helm till 
the arrival of a new governor. 87 

28 Peter Hasenclever, congratulating on Sir John's safe 
New York return and mentioning the grant for billeting money, the 

survey of the Onida purchase, experience with Conrad 
Franck and Hasenclever's colony in the Mohawk 
country. 88 

29 Daniel Claus, relative to an arrangement by which the 
Montreal Abenaquis retain their lands and receive a missionary, 

Gov. Carleton's complaisance to the writer at Quebec, 

a falling out between Maj. Rogers and Potter, Capt. 

Slosser's troubles at Caneghsady, and a possible post 

for Slosser at Carrillon. 89 

Oct. i George Croghan, to mention the murder of 11 men by the 

Shagenon Indians and his intention to attend the great 

Indian meeting. 90 

[i] B. Roberts, mentioning ill treatment, Maj. Rogers's 

Michilimack- designs, discovery of the river that " Runs from 

inak Lake Superior to the Mississipi," character of the 

Saguinay Indians, effect of the sale of rum on the fur 

trade, trading by soldiers, the prevailing idleness, 

the views of one Baxter, said to have been sent out 

by Toucmt and Charles Townsend, goods lost in 

transportation, Brown's insinuation against Roberts, 




Indian superstition, the insolent speech of the 
Grand Sauteux at Prairie de Chiin, the need of medals 
and commissions for Indians, losses by fire of La 
Force, chief of the Ottawas, the advisability of send 
ing Goddard to La Bay, a quarrel between Roberts 
and John R. Hansen, his clerk, drafts in favor of Mr 
Hay and Van Allen, a want of Indian corn and 
tobacco, their prices, accounts inclosed, money in 
Johnson's hands to the writer's credit and his ambi 
tion to settle down in Johnson's neighborhood. [Date 
reads 31 Sep'r 1767, but over the Sep'r has been written 
Oct'r; certainly written earlier than October 31, prob 
ably October i] 15:125 
Oct. 2 John Wetherhead on a business favor, a transaction with 
New York Mr Roberts, Wetherhead's own affairs and money and 

goods furnished to Sir John. 91 

2 Mich'l Byrne, concerning intelligence furnished by Capt. 
Fort Ontario MackLeod and Gaiasodon, an expedient for keeping 
Indians sober at the posts and the killing of 
Garughigoagh. 9^ 

John Lawyer, inquiring about two surveys and acquaint 
ing with a mistake in an Indian deed and warrant 
affecting Jacob Andras. 93 

J. T. Kempe, acquainting with an intended visit to 
England made to obtain a better establishment of his 
office, asking assistance by letters to England and 
offering services. 94 

Capt. Normand MacLeod to [Sir William Johnson] on 
the affair of Cuellerie, the departure from Detroit of 
Meni Chesne, the interpreter, without Mr Hay's con 
sent, the request of the western Indians to the French 
for powder and ball, complaints of Detroit traders 
about Mr Cole's indulgence to traders from the Illinois 
and the abuse of passes. 95 

George Croghan, regarding Sir John Johnson's return, 
Capt. Guy Johnson's recovery and Mr Misonville's 
account for supplies. 96 

John Wetherhead on corn ordered from the Jerseys 

and an order filled on a verbal message from Johnson. 97 

Capt. Geo. Turnbull about trouble threatened for ar 
rests made in support of Commissary Hay's author 
ity and the confusion of affairs at Michilmakinac. 98 

Jehu Hay to George Croghan, mentioning an attempt 
of the Saguinan Indians to obtain forgiveness for 
killing Englishmen on the Ohio river, Mr St Martin's 
fruitless search for Pondiac and visit to Chesne, 
Hay's purpose to arrest Chesne and Dorien, Mr 
Roberts's misfortune at Michilimackinac, the insults 
suffered by commissaries, the drowning of a Chip- 
pawa woman and a report of the peltry trade. 99 



New York 



New York 





Get. 15 G. Johnson, announcing the arrival of Sir John, of 

Guy Park important letters and a favorable report by the board 

of trade and mentioning Potter's disclosure of Rogers's 

schemes, alarm of the Kayadeross's people and Sir 

John's narrow escape in the Channel. 25:98 

17 Lieut. T. Webb, regarding an inclosed letter of Capt. 
New York Edmeston, who is interested in land; asking that 

Edmeston and his brother [Lieut. Robert] and Webb 
himself may be included in the Delaware purchase. 15:101 

18 Sampson Simson, asking that the money on Commis- 

New York S ary Roberts's draft be sent in care of Isaac Moses. 102 
18 George Croghan, regarding the discontent of the five 

Fort Pitt tribes on the Ouabache, the plundering of Baynton, 
Wharton and Morgan's boats, the coming great 
council, complaints of the Senecas, settlements on 
Redstone creek and Cheat river and certain lawless 
traders. 25:99 

20 . jSir William Johnson] to the Lords of Trade, report- 
Johnson Hall jng his discovery of secret Indian machinations, his 
recent excursion to the Onondaga country, with the 
intelligence there gained, the killing and plundering 
of ii men on the Ohio, abuses in trade, the con 
tinuance of extravagant grants and lawless settle 
ments, growth of Indian jealousy and the effect of 
colonial mismanagement in Indian matters, and men 
tioning Attorney General Kempe's visit to England. 
[Doc. rel to Col. Hist. N. Y. 7:987-88] 15:103 

22 Peter Ryckman and 10 other traders, certifying to the 

Niagara impartiality and mildness of the course pursued by 

Commissary Normand McLeod. [Inclosed with no. 
109] 104 

22 [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Gage (private), consider- 

Johnson Hall i n g the depositions of Mr Potter relative to Maj. 
Rogers, and Rogers's romantic project. [Doc. Hist. 
N. Y. 2:883-84; Q, 2:513] 105 

22 [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Gage, concerning a peace 

Johnson Hall between the Cherokees and the Six Nations, sentiment 
of the Indians touching trade, the Kayaderosseras griev 
ance and other causes of discontent, the promise to the 
Indians to establish a boundary line, the settlers' ag 
gressiveness, the refusal of the Shawanese and Dela- 
wares to accompany Capt. Murray, the death of a 
remarkable Onondaga chief, a message to the Indians 
from an officer on the Mississipi exhorting them to 
rise up, and the inconvenience of the present method 
of paying his subordinates. [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 
2:881-83; Q, 2:511-12] 106 

22 [Sir William Johnson] to Sir Henry Moore, expressing 

Johnson Hall a wish for a visit from Sir Henry and reviewing the 

causes of Indian discontent. 107 



Oct. 22 [Sir William Johnson] to J. T. Kempe, in regard to 
Johnson Hall Kempe's coming voyage, letters from Johnson to Eng 
land, the troublesome affair of Klock and the prospect 
of an Indian outbreak. 15:108 

23 Capt. Normand MacLeod, mentioning Gov. Carleton's 
Niagara charges against the commissaries of Indian affairs and 

the reply of the Niagara traders, exculpating MacLeod. 109 

24 John Wetherhead about a shipment of Newark cider. no 
New York 

24 Tho. Mcllworth, complaining of ill fortune and the slight 
Montreal demand for portrait painting, saying that he thinks of 

trying Quebec and asking to be considered in connection 

with an Indian commissaryship. in 

25 Capt. Normand MacLeod to [Sir William Johnson], send- 
Niagara j n g and recommending a bottle of oil from a small lake 

near the Caiadeon Castle, in whose curative virtues 
the Indians have faith, mentioning his account sent to 
Capt. Johnson, his reconciliation of the Senecas and 
Messasagas, Wabacommegat's desire for a medal, the 
behavior of Castesh and Capt. Brown's interference with 
the Indians. 112 

25 Edward Cole, commissary, to [George Croghan?], in- 
Fort Chartres forming that he has drawn on him for 7020, 155, lid, 
New York currency, that trade has suffered from an 
Indian war and French activity, and mentioning the 
arrival of the Spaniards and their purpose to erect two 
forts at the mouth of the Missouri, the smiths' want 
of tools, defective accounts returned, the two boats " cut 
off " in the Ohio and mysterious belts coming from 
the Iriquois, Shawanese and Delawares. 113 

25 Joseph Howard, regarding payment of Maj. Rogers's note 
Montreal for 666 to Joseph Reaume and ill treatment which - 

he has suffered at the fort of Michelamackinac from his 
agent, Joseph Caron ; asking that Caron be sent down 
to Montreal. 114 

26 Capt. John Brown, mentioning two Indian prisoners, the 
Niagara jealousy between the Senecas and Missisagoes and an 

offense committed by Castease. 115 

26 [Sir William Johnson] to the Earl of Shelburne, prin- 

Johnson Hall c i pa l secretary of state, relative to the character, record 

and dangerous purposes of Maj. Rogers at Michili- 

mackinac, also the state of the department and the 

coming Indian Congress ; transmitting evidence against 

Rogers. [Doc. rel to Col. Hist. N. Y. 7:988-90] 116 

28 Lieut. John Christie, concerning belts sent by two Ottawa 

Mlchiilimak- chiefs to the Fallavains, Puans, Reynards, Sackes and 

inac Suies on the Missipia, also one Bazlie, a mischievous 

fellow now maintained at the post. 117 




New York 


Oct. 29 Peter Ryckman and seven other traders, accusing the 
Niagra Quebec traders of maintaining an illicit trade among 

the Indians, declaring their own fairness and asking 
that irregularities be stopped. 15:118 

29 John Watts about the ambition of Lord Adam and other 
New York great people to colonize, the death of Charles Townsend, 

chancellor of the exchequer, the bad aspect of Indian 
affairs, and the Northampton territory. 119 

30 [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Gage, concerning ac- 
Johnson Haii counts of pay and disbursements, a quarrel be 
tween the commissary and commandant at Michili- 
mackinac and the advisability of summoning a gen 
eral Indian congress. [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 2:885; Q, 
2:513-14] 121 

Capt. Gavin Cochrane to [Sir William Johnson], re 
garding two farmers sent over by Lord Adam 
Gordon from Lincolnshire, the dearness of commod 
ities in England, the promises of Sir Jeffery Amherst 
to Cochrane, the death of Charles Townsend, the 
character of Maj. Rogers and Lord Adam's marriage 
to the duchess dowager of Athole. 122 

30 Hugh Wallace, regarding Maj. Goreham's importunity, 
New York ^he disgust of Lord Wm. Campbell, Governor of 
Nova Scotia, with Goreham's appointment, Lord 
William's disoosition, a letter and picture from Sir 
William's brother and probable effects of Charles 
Townshend's death. 123 

30 [Sir William Johnson] to Dan'l Horsmanden, saying 
Johnson Hall that buyers prefer new lands to patented tracts and 
estimating that Horsmanden's land may be worth 
100 per 100 acres. 124 

Nov. T Sir H. Moore to [Sir William Johnson], concerning 
New York civilities to Sir John and a visit to Sir William with 
which circumstances have interfered, Indian lands and 
Indian affairs. 126 

5 Capt. Normand MacLeod, regarding complaining trad- 
Niagara ers in Quebec, war belts given by Wabacommegat, 
insolent French traders across the lake and the 
feeling of the commandants toward the commissaries. 127 
5 [Sir William Johnson] to Lieut. Webb, declaring the 
Johnson Hall difficulty of serving Capt. Edmeston in the matter of 
lands, owing to grants already made and Indian 
uneasiness. 128 
5 [Sir William Johnson] to Peter Hasenclever, regard- 
Johnson Hall ing the Indian state of mind and the survey of the 

purchase from the Oneidaes. 129 

[7] J. Wetherhead about letters forwarded, a bond and 
[New York] judgment, a draft drawn by John Van Seice and 

letters from Mr Roberts. 130 







Nov. 7 David Cougar's receipt to John Wetherhead for 10 in 

payment for 20 barrels of cider. 15:131(2) 

8 John Wetherhead about cider shipped with Capt. Van 
New York Allen, corn bought for Johnson, John Van Seice's 

draft, Mr Roberts's accounts and letters to be 
carried to England by the attorney general. 131(1) 

9 Thos. Flood, declaring his sense of Johnson's great 

goodness to him, lamenting misfortunes and errors 

and craving advice. 25:100 

A list of persons who request Sir William Johnson to 
pay certain specified sums on their accounts to John 
Moffatt; with Moffit's receipt. 15:132 

John Moffit's account of work done for Sir William 
Johnson; receipted. 136 

Lord Shelburne to Lieut. Gov. [Fauquier] of Vir 
ginia (extract), requiring that the boundary line be 
tween the Indians and the provinces of South and 
North Carolina, as also between them and the prov 
inces of Maryland and Pensylvania, be continued 
along the Virginia frontier; and that this be done by 
cooperation with Sir William Johnson and [Super 
intendent] Stuart. 133 

James Popham, giving a list of woolens which he 
manufactures, mentioning his skill in dyeing and 
offering, with favor and encouragement, to start a 
manufactory in Johnson's town. 134 

14 [Sir William Johnson] to Sir Henry Moore, with re- 
Johnson Hall spect to Indian grievances and resentments, Lord 
Shelburne's communication to the Governor, reorgan 
ization of the militia, Justice Fry's preparation for the 
practice of law, recent surveys and farmers sent over 
from England by the Duke of Athol and Lord Adam 
Gordon. 135 

14 [Sir William Johnson] to Capt. Gavin Cochran, regard- 
Johnson Hall ing farmers sent by Lord Adam Gordon to view lands 
designed for a settlement, the prospect of Indian hos 
tilities, the public opinion of Maj. Rogers, consequences 
of the death of Charles Townsend and the marriage of 
Lord Gordon. 137 

14 [Sir William Johnson] to Maj. Gorham, informing of 
Johnson Hall Lord Wm. Campbell's complaints against Gorham, 

asking for a vindication and criticizing Gorham's ex 
penses and accounts. 25:101 

15 Daniel Campbell about articles sent back by Johnson as 
Schenectady unsatisfactory, a delayed invoice and a picture of John 
son's brother which Campbell will forward. 15:138 

16 John Stevenson, for James Stevenson, presenting two 
Albany accounts, one due the estate of Peter Gronendyck. 139 





Nov. 16 John Wetherhead about compasses and 460 which Mr 
New york Roberts has desired Sir William to pay to Wetherhead; 
inclosing account. 

16 Abraham Mortier, transmitting warrant for 3633, IDS, 
New York i^d sterling, with receipts to be signed. 

17 [Sir William Johnson] to Lord Adam Gordon, offering 
Johnson Hall congratulations to Lord Adam and his bride on their 

marriage and mentioning a tract in which Lord Adam 
is interested. 

20 Maisonville to [Sir William Johnson], saying that he has 
Detroit been trading for English merchants on the Ouabache, 

and has advanced goods for the royal service by order 
of Monsr. Croghan, Monsr. Cole and Monsr. Col. Reed. 
[In French] 

21 John Eisenlord, regarding a debt against Peter Young, 
Stoneraby a miller at Johnson's town, and Young's claim for 

service rendered by his son to Eisenlord; with ac 

22 Capt. B. Glasier, about the departure of his interpreter, 
Fort Onterea provisions and rum for the Indians and [Maj.] Rog- 

ers's disbursements. 
22 Hugh Eraser, concerning the proposals of an officer in 







New York 



the 47th, an inclosed account and wheat and rye which 
Eraser can furnish to Johnson's tenants. . 

A memorial of traders to Sir William Johnson, stating 
the bad results of confining trade to the fort, particu 
larly the large consumption of brandy or rum by the 
Indians, and mentioning the liberty enjoyed by the 
traders of Michilimakinac. [In French] 

A petition to Monsieur le chevalier Johnson from the old 
and new subjects of his Majesty, traders of the fort, for 
liberty of trade within the fort, the consignment of 
liquor to a public storehouse, restriction of the right 
to winter among the Indians, regulation of the importa 
tion of liquor, and for the presentation of their request 
to the King. [In French] 

Commissary Jehu Hay, regarding his trouble with traders 
and a court of inquiry. 

John Wetherhead, saying that the bonds and judgments 
are bound up in two books, which will be sent in care 
of Billy Benson ; the mackerel, cod and candles went by 
Pemberton and the sloops are making their last trips. 

Certificate of the court of inquiry, consisting of Lieut. 
Daniel McAlpin, Ensign John Amiel of the 6oth regi 
ment and Ensign John Lewis Gage of the 3ist regiment, 
which sat on the conduct of James Abbott. 

John Lewis Gage to [Sir William Johnson] about 
pistols sent as a present in care of Col. Craughan. 











Nov. 24 Capt. Geo. Turnbull, saying that the two prisoners have 
Detroit been delivered up to the satisfaction of the Indians and 

that there will be no more complaints against Mr Hay. 15:153 
24 Memorial of traders for reimbursement for goods ad- 
Detroit vanced to Maj. Rogers. 158 

24 [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Gage, considering the 
Johnson Hall popular tendency to encroach on the Indians, the weak 
ness of the governments, the settlement around Red 
Stone creek, Maj. Gorham's establishments and ex 
penses, numbers and salaries of officers, expenses of 
Indian commissaries, their want of power, propriety of 
a duty on spirituous liquors, Chabert's treachery, 
benefit of a general Indian congress, Potter's discovery, 
Maj. Rogers's creditors and Lieut. Roberts's confine 
ment. [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 2:885-88; Q, 2:514-15] 154 

25 [Sir William Johnson] to the Earl of Shelburne, acknowl- 
Johnson Hall edging attentions paid to his son and interest in John 
son's own affairs, stating his claim to the grant made 
by the Indians and mentioning Dr Richard Shuck- 
burgh's presence in London. 155 

26 Isaac Low, offering himself as a fit person to transact 
New York Johnson's business in New York; referring to his 

brothers in law, Henry and Abm. Cuyler, and to John 
Glen at Schenectady. 156 

26 Memorial of H. V. Schaack and other English traders to 

Detroit Sir William Johnson, complaining of violation of 

trade regulations, injury done by the trade in rum, 
license enjoyed by the traders from Michilimackinak 
and the Illinoise, French and Spanish competition and 
inconvenience to Indians and injury to the honest 
traders from confining trade to the fort, and asking 
that the sale of liquor be restricted. 157 

26 Patt Sinclair, Lieutenant I5th regiment, to [Sir William 

Pine River Johnson?], mentioning the release of two Indians who 
murdered his servant and suggesting that he " be in 
some measure considered." 159 

26 Sir William Johnson to Mr Wetherhead, mentioning in- 

Johnson Hall closed drafts, Mr Roberts's account and indebtedness, 
the affair between Roberts and Maj. Rogers, an adver 
tised medicine and pork, rum and sugar desired. 160 

26 Sam'l Nelson, regarding indebtedness which caused him 
Kingstown to leave Quebec, the place he occupies in the secretary's 

St Vincent office, his prospects, limes as large as lemons, ex 
perience among strangers and his hope of reconcilia 
tion with his parents ; saying that letters will be for 
warded by James Armstrong, merchant, New York. 161 

27 [Sir William Johnson] to Mr Mcllworth about the ad- 
Johnson Hall vantage of learning French, and an office which it is 

not judged necessary to establish. 162 



Nov. 28 Jno. B. V. Eps to Dr James Wallece, informing that he 

Schindy j s sending by the hands of Josep Proctor, Ruben Simes 

and David Litell, molasses and cider for Sir William 

Johnson and chairs and cider for Sir John. 15:163(1) 

28 John Stuart, superintendent, commending the bearers, 

Charles Town three Cherokee deputies, sent to negotiate peace with 

the northern Indians. 163(2) 

30 William Kelly, expressing gratification at the discovery 
New York that he has not lost Sir William's friendship and his 

apprehension was due to the miscarriage of a letter. 164 

30 Peter Hasenclever, concerning surveys of the Oneida 
New York lands, Indian grievances, ministerial changes, Boston 

zeal for manufacturers and war on English goods. 120 

Dec. 2 W. Gamble, asking information as to the state of the 
Albany Albany county militia. 165 

3 Capt. Normand MacLeod about an inclosed letter and the 
Niagara writer's wish to sell his army commission. 166 

3 [Sir William Johnson] to Lord Shelburne, concerning 
Johnson Hall the extraordinary plan for a government devised by the 
commandant of Michilimackinac, the argument that 
self-interest will restrain traders from evil doing, de 
generation of the New York Independent companies, 
his call for a general Indian congress, increase of emi 
gration to Redstone creek and Cheat river, the need of 
trade restriction except northwest of the Lakes, com 
mercial jealousy among the colonies, the increased cost 
of labor in Quebec under British rule, the duplicity of 
Chabert Joncaire, advantages of the posts for trade, im 
portance of Toronto, consumption of British goods by 
the frontier inhabitants, causes and cure of Indian dis- 
t satisfaction, the influence of renegade Frenchmen over 
the Indians, the interference of civil or military officers 
with Indian commissaries, Maj. Rogers's behavior 
toward Roberts and the advantages of a religious 
establishment among the Indians. [Doc. rel. to Col. 
Hist. N. Y. 7:997-1003] 167 

5 George Wray, to say that Mr Brown is the bearer of a 
Albany draft on Col. George Crohan in favor of Joseph White, 

deceased, and to ask payment. 168 

6 Gen. Thomas Gage, informing that he has called on the 
New York governors of Pcnsylvania and Virginia to redress the 

Indians for insults and encroachments and considering 
the general boundary, the disputes of Kayadorosseras 
and lower Mohock flatts, the conduct of Canadian 
traders, salaries in Johnson's department and the quar 
rel" between Roberts and Rogers. [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 
2:888-90; Q, 2:515-16] 169 



Dec. 7 W. McAdam, applying for payment of money advanced 
New York to Maj. Gorham, for which Gorham gave a bill on 

Hugh Wallace. 15:170 

8 Hugh Wallace, asking drafts on Mr Mortier that he may 
New York pa y Maj. Goreham and Capt. Howard and mentioning 
Lord Wm. Gordon, a ship that will sail for Dublin in 
January, a land transaction, a service to be rendered to 
Capt. Johnson and the evasive attitude of the assembly 
toward the billeting act. 171 

12 Dr B. Franklin to Thomas Wharton (extract), mention- 
[London] j n g the " accident to the Boat on the Ohio " and the 

necessity of a boundary. Also extract from B. Frank 
lin's letter of December i to [Joseph Gallaway] relating 
conversations with Lord Shelburn and Lord Clare on 
the boundary line. 172 

13 Abhm Rosencrantz to [Sir William Johnson], acknowl- 
Stonarabia edging the invitation of a [Masonic] society to observe 

the day of St John the Divine and expressing a wish 
that he were better versed in the English tongue. [In 
Latin] 25:102 

14 John Watts about expenses incurred by Lord Adam's 
New York "Ambassadors," the return of the Indians appointed to 

fix the Pensilvania line, their expenses, Cherokee depu 
ties on their way to Johnson and unfriendliness of the 
Shawnese, Delawares etc., to the Six Nations. 15:174 

14 Gen. Thomas Gage, saying that the Cherokees, sent up 
New York the river, will probably land at the Manor or Claverack 

on account of ice near Albany, reciting some murders 
by Indians and advising payment of an old demand 
made by a French trader on account of arms taken by 
Col. Bradstreet at Oswego. [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 
2:890-91; Q, 2:516-17] 175 

15 Mark Feely, asking some more lucrative employment 

New York than that of clerk or assistant to John W. Smith. 176 

15 Tim. Woodbridge, introducing two Indians who come to 
Stockbridge obtain a renunciation by the Mohocks of all claims to 

lands east of the Hudson and announcing the purpose 
of the Indians to appeal once more to the ministry 
against the province. 25:103 

16 John Welles, acquainting with the partnership which he 
Quebec has formed with Geo. Allsopp and his interest in potash 

and pearlash works, with statement of prospects and 
offer of services. 15:177 

16 Gen. Thomas Gage, concerning expenses incurred in 
New York sending the Cherokee,deputies to Johnson Hall. [Doc. 

Hist. N. Y. 2:891-92; Q, 2:517] 178 



Dec. ?-i7 Journal of conference with Indians relative to unauthor- 
[ Fort Pitt] i z ed settlements. LLast 2 pages only; in handwriting 
of Alexander McKee j indorsed in different hand : Jour 
nal of George Croghan Esqr. 1767] 25:104(3) 
18 Petition of traders to George Croghan, complaining 
Pittsburgh o f trade violations, a settlement by lawless persons at 
Redstone creek and the machinations of Col. Crisip 
among the Indians. 15: 179 
18 [Sir William Johnson] to William Kelly, assuring of con- 
Johnson Hall tinued friendship and regretting the existence of doubt. 180 

18 [Sir William Johnson] to Sir H. Moore on the necessity 
Johnson Hall o f early redress of Indian wrongs, reorganization of the 
militia in accordance with location of population and 
recent surveys. 181 

18 Sir William Johnson's scheme for forming the militia 

to the westward of Albany into six regiments; trans 
mitted to Sir Henry Moore. 14:232 
[Sir William Johnson's] memorandum of the number 
of men in each of the companies of the Schenectady 
battalion and of the grouping of these companies in the 
proposed new regiments. On back, two memoranda, 
one about the decision of the Oneidas touching a line 
to be run from Cosbys Manner, the other about the 
formation of a new county extending from the west 
bounds of Schenectady to the upper settlements or 
Fort Stanwix. 234 

19 Lord Shelburne to Gen. Gage (extract), regarding the 
Whitehall proposed boundary between the provinces and thi In 
dian hunting grounds. 15:182 

19 Edward Cole to [George Croghan?], concerning ac- 
Fort Chartres counts rejected for defects in form, want of bellows 

at the fort, suggestions for arresting French trade, a 
hostile belt, suspension of payment by a certain house 
and the writer's desire to " smell salt water." 183 

20 Gen. Thomas Gage, stating substance of his letters to 
New York Governors Penn and Fauquiere regarding encroach 
ments on Indian land and of Gov. Penn's reply. Woe. 

Hist. N. Y. 2:892; Q, 2:517-18] 184 

21 John French to [Sir William Johnson], concerning lands 
Fort George O n the Mohawk bought by Col. Vaughan and the direc- 

New York tions which the lines of survey will take. 185 

22 John Johnston, acknowledging favors, offering to take the 

place of smith at Misshanamokana and asking pecun 
iary assistance. 186 

23 The Lords of Trade to the Earl of Shelburne (copy). 
Whitehall considering evidences of Indian discontent, proceedings 

preliminary to running a boundary line, the course of 
this line as described by the Indians and the advantages 



of its establishment ; advising that orders be sent to Sir 
William Johnson to settle this boundary and that in 
the survey no opportunity be created for encroach 
ments in the Cherokee country. Signed, Clare, Soames 
Jenyns, Ed. Eliot, Wm. Fitzherbert and Thomas Rob 
inson. [Inclosed with 15 -.225] [Doc. rel to Col. Hist. 
N. Y. 7:1004-5] i 5:I 8 7 

Dec. 24 Abraham Mortier about money sent up, drafts which he 
New York has paid, future drafts and a birth in the home of Gen. 

Gage; list of drafts inclosed. 188 

24 [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Gage on the grounds and 
Johnson Hall extent of Indian resentment, the Kayadarosseras patent, 
the inapplicability of the common law to the redress of 
Indian grievances, the crime of the Saguinam Indians, 
complaints 01 the Delawares, the coming of the Cher 
okee deputies ana increase of salaries. [Doc. Hist. 
N. Y. 2 :8 93 -95 I Q, 2 1518-19] 189 

26 [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Gage on the arrival of 
Johnson Hall Lieut. Roberts, sent as a prisoner from Michilimackic, 
the commandant's interference with trade, the advis 
ability of Roberts's return to his post in the spring and 
propriety of indemnifying him for the expenses of his 
journey. [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 2:895-96; Q, 2:519-^20] 190 

28 John Duncan [postmaster] about a letter, the seal of 
Schenectady which was accidentally broken. 191 

28 John Stevenson, for James Stevenson, informing that he 
Albany has drawn in favor of Mr Cartwright for 47, 95, 6d. 192 

28 Henry Cuyler, offering to be security for Isaac Low in 

Green bush the transaction of New York business for Johnson and 

inquiring about a draft drawn by Benj. Roberts in favor 

of Jehu Hay and indorsed to Cuyler. 193 

28 Thos. Shipboy to Capt. Guye Johnson at Fort Johnson, 

Albany asking that a sum of money be sent by the bearer, 

Mr DeLancey. 194 

28 Thos. Shipboy, asking that the amount of an inclosed 
Albany account may be sent in charge of Mr DeLancey. 195 

28 A. C. Cuyler, recommending Mr Low for the manage- 
Albany ment of Sir William's New York business and asking 

advice in the matter of obtaining payment of Mr 
Rogers's bills. 196 

29 Daniel Campbell about buckskins sent in charge of Mr 
Schenectady Cartwright and a procession which he was prevented 

from seeing. 197 

2g John Wetherhead about pork sent and to be sent. ' 198 

New York 

Consent by the Oneida Indians to the rectification of 
the boundary specified in the Indian deed of a tract 
south of the Mohawks River conveyed to Gov. Henry 
Moore. [Not dated or signed] 25:106 




Tobias Shaddick, a Narragansett, discussing the rela 
tion of sachem to the tribe, protesting against Rev. 
[Matthew] Graves's selection of Mr Cross to oversee 
the school, and describing the sachem's [Thomas Nine- 
grett] purpose to ruin the tribe by selling all the lands. 
[Date uncertain; indorsed in later hand, 1767] 

Plan of [Maj. Robert Rogers] for erecting a civil govern 
ment for Michillimackinac and its dependencies ; with 
arguments for extending the trade outside the post and 
an estimate of the fur and peltry trade within the 
bounds contemplated. 

Mr Watts to [Sir William Johnson], informing of efforts 
to enlist Lord Shebourn in a, service to Americans and 
sending an extract from a letter by Mr Penn relative 
to conversations with Lord Shelborne on the Indian 

Names of the field officers of Col. (Sir William) John 
son's regiment. On the back, some business memo 

George Croghan's account of sundry losses and ex 
penses from 1757 to 1767. 

Map of the country between the Mohawk river and 
the Normans kill showing the number of men which 
it would furnish to the militia. [Probably 1767] 

Jan. 2 [Sir William Johnson] to Gov. J. Penn, concerning legis- 
Johnson Hall lation by Pennsylvania in behalf of Indian rights, the 
proposed boundary and a small gratuity ordered for the 
widow of Jacob. 

Capt. Norman d MacLeod about the mysterious behavior 
of Mr Magra, jealousy between the Senecas and the 
Messesagas, the consequences of 'hostilities, Mr Cha- 
biere, the interpreter and smith, the Indian desire for 
gunpowder, the birth of a daughter, and the Indian who 
brings the letter. 

John Wetherhead about drafts received from Johnson, 
Maj. Rogers's conduct toward Mr Roberts, articles to 
be brought from England, bonds sent in care of Billy 
Benson and honey sent by Mrs Wetherhead. 

Earl of Shelburne, signifying the King's pleasure that 
Johnson, in concert with the commander in chief and 
the governors concerned, establish a boundary between 
the several provinces and the Indian tribes. [Doc. 
rel. to Col. Hist. N. Y. 8:2] 

5 [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Gage, regarding expenses 

Johnson Hall o f the Cherokee deputies' journey and of their meeting 

with the Six Nations, Gov. Penn's intention to prevent 

intrusions on Indian lands and the like duty of Gov. 



20 :2O2 






New York 



22 4 





Jan. 6 John Arbo, secretary to the Moravians, concerning the 
Bethlehem labors and missions of the Brethren, the Christian 
Indian settlement at Wiealusing and the Greenland his 
tory by David Cranz, of which a copy is transmitted 
to Johnson. [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 4:374-75; Q, 4:236-37] 15:227 

7 Names of persons for filling the vacancies in the 2d 

battalion. 14 :233 

8 R. Cartwright, regarding articles sent in care of Lieut. 
Albany Pfister, pork to be furnished by Mr Campbell of Scho- 

nectady, cattle expected from New England and a re 
port that Sir John will be set up for 3 a seat in the 
Assembly; promising the support of the Cuylers, Han- 
sens and others to Sir William's candidate. 15:228 
8 [Sir William Johnson] to Sir H. Moore, considering the 
Johnson Hall deficiency of the tract north of the Mohawk, Lord 
Holland's disappointment, the difficulty of bringing the 
Oneidas to a further concession, Mr French's letter 
concerning Col. Vaughan's land and improvements in 
the militia. 229 

8 [Sir William Johnson] to Lieut. Gov. Fauquiere on Col. 
Johnson Hall Cressap's interference with Indian matters, propriety 

of referring Indians to Johnson for redress of griev 
ances, causes of Indian discontent, the settlements about 
Redstone creek, the promised action of Gov. Penn and 
the necessity of checking encroachments on Indian 
lands. 230 

9 H. Moore to [Sir William Johnson] on the proposed re- 
New York organization of the militia, the division of the province 

into two military districts, the one north of the High 
lands to be under Johnson's command, the proposed 
partition of the tract north of the Hudson among Mr 
Hasenclever, Mr Schuyler, Gen. Gage, Johnson's 
friends, and Lord Holland, and proceeding relative to 
the Schoharie tract. [Wrongly dated by Gov. Moore, 
1767] 231 

ii Capt. Gavin Cochrane to [Sir William Johnson] on let- 
New York ters expected from England, Philadelphia opinion re 
garding Indian wrongs, proper action in South Carolina 
toward Indian interests, Lord Adam Gordon's people 
and the settling of 300 families on Indian lands at 
Redstone creek; with postscript of January 15. 232 

13 Extract from a message to the Governor from the 
[Philadel- Assembly of Pennsylvania, setting forth the advan- 
phia] tages of the proposed boundary between white and 

red men and asking that the sentiments of the 
House may be communicated to Gen. Gage and Sir 
William Johnson. 234 



Jan. 14 John Wetherhead, mentioning the arrival of the packet 
New York an d asking Sir William on his visit to York to make 

the writer's house his home. IS :2 33 

15 Memorial of merchants and citizens of the province of 
Montreal Quebec to Guy Carleton, lieutenant governor and 
commander in chief, drawing attention to their rights 
under the British constitution and the King's procla 
mation of 1763, asking that the sale of spirituous 
liquors to the Indians be restricted and declaring 
that officers, commanders and commissaries of posts 
should not be allowed to interfere with passports 
from his Majesty's governors. 236 

15 Orders and regulations respecting the Indian trade and 
(Montreal] duty of commissaries, issued by Sir William Johnson; 

with criticisms by traders and citizens. 237 

19 Letter from the committee of .correspondence of the 
IPhiladel- house to Benjamin Franklin and Richard Jackson, 
phia] agents for the province of Pennsylvania at the court 

of Great Britain (copy), acquainting with proceedings 
for stopping encroachments on Indian land and pun 
ishing the authors of the massacre of Indians at Con- 
estogo and Lancaster; also with the opinion of the 
House that a boundary should be at once established 
between settlements and the native tribes. [16:4] 238 

22 [Sir William Johnson] to Peter Hasenclever, agreeing 
Johnson Hall w ith the opinion that the country is not ripe for 
manufactures, discussing the division of the new land 
grant and inclosing an account of expenses in mak 
ing the purchase. 239 
22 [Sir William Johnson] to Joseph Galloway, discussing 
Johnson Hall measures of the Pennsylvania government for re 
moving Indian discontent, Indian reprisals, diffi 
culties of legal redress, wrongs committed by frontier 
inhabitants and the need of a fixed boundary. 240 
22 [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Gage about arms taken 
Johnson Hall i n 1764 for the use of the Indians, a congress with 
the confederacies, accounts brought by Mr Croghan, 
the bell at Niagara desired by the Hurons and unjust 
aspersions on Mr Hay. 241 
22 [Sir William Johnson] to J. French, secretary to Gov. 
Johnson Hall Moore, about the survey of Col. Vaughan's lands, 
objection by the Conajoharee Indians to the dimen 
sions of the tract and the license to practise law 
promised by the Governor to Hendrick Frey. 242" 
22 [Sir William Johnson] to Sir H. Moore on the plan 
Johnson Hall for the militia and his own appointment to a com 
mand, Mr Hasenclever's and Lord Holland's share in 
* 13 



land to be divided, the Scohare tracts and Mr Rans- 
laer's caveat, the Michl Byrne tract at Scohare and 
John Brachan's triangle near Conajoharee. 15:243 

Jan. 22 [Sir William Johnson] to Benjamin Kissam, repeating 
Johnson Hall the answer of the Mohocks to the offer of the Kaya- 
darosseras patentees and asking a map to rep 
resent their patent be furnished. 244 
22 [Sir William Johnson] to Mr Gamble about delayed 
correspondence and cash remitted in Mr Croghan's 
care. 245 

24 Hugh Wallace, concerning Maj. Goreham's salary and 
New York bills, Capt. Howard's account, a vessel from Dublin, 

English news, newspaper flattery of Gen. Lyman, 
and candidates for the Assembly, including Phil Liv 
ingston, James Delancey, John Scott, John Cruger jun. 
and Jacob Walter. 246 

25 John Wetherhead about books and letters from abroad 

New York an d Sir William's expected visit to New York. 247 

26 R. Cartwright to [Sir William Johnson], concerning 
Albany an order for flour and pork. 248 

2Q Hendrick Frey's bill to Sir William Johnson for costs 
Canajoharry o f surveying patent at Schoharie, dated April 20, 1767; 

receipted. 16 :6g 

29 Hendrick Frey's bills to Sir William Johnson for survey- 
Canajoharry j n g between the two Canada creeks, dated November 

15, 1766; receipted. 13:170 

Feb. i D. Burton, [Secretary of the Society for Propagating the 
Westminster Gospel], inquiring what is suitable compensation for a 
missionary to the Indians. [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 4:376; 

Q> 4:237] 15:249 

2 Henry Bostwick, communicating the fact that Monsr. 
London Cadotte and he have discovered mines on Lake Su- 

periour, that the Indians thereabout are friendly to 
mining operations and that a grant for these mines has 
been sought from the King, and offering a share to 
Johnson. [Duplicates] 16:1, a 

2 George Croghan, informing of the murder of nine Indians 
New York on the Susquahanna above Harris Ferry, Pennsylvania's 
offer of a reward for the apprehension of the murderer, 
the general's fear of an Indian uprising, alarm in 
London from the same cause, correspondence between 
Gov. Franklin and his father [Benjamin Franklin], a 
prospect of a settlement between the Mohocks and the 
Kiaderuserus patentees and a rumor that pensylvaine 
will condole with the Indians on the Gunestoga affair. 3 

6 Henrich Merckel jun'r's account to Sir William John 
son 17, us; receipted. 5 



Feb. 7 




New York 

George Croghan on the capture of Frederick Stump and 
his servant who murdered 10 Indians and their rescue 
by a frontier mob; mentioning inclosures, including a 
letter from the Assembly to London agents respecting 
the Indian boundary. [15:238] 16:4 

J. T. Kempe on Lord Hilsborough, who succeeds Lord 
Shelburne as secretary for the colonies, and Lord Adam 
Gordon's absence in Scotland. 6 

John Wetherhead about articles sent up to Albany in a 

sleigh, Mr Roberts's accounts and Johnson's patent. 7 

8 Same to same, about the progress of Johnson's patents. 8 

[New York] 

8 James Phyn, concerning Mr Roberts's drafts, Indian 
Schenectady goods on hand and the payment of certain drafts. 9 

13 Alexander McKee to George Croghan, concerning the 

Fort Pitt murder of 10 Indians by white men, the intended council 

on the plains of Scioto, alarm of traders, irritation of 

the tribes on the Ouabache and a gathering of Shaw- 

anese and Delaware chiefs. 10 

John Wetherhead to [Sir William Johnson], concerning 
official business which interferes with the drawing of 
Johnson's patent, also the survey of Col. Croghan's 
lands by Mr Fry. n 

S. Wharton to Mr Croghan, informing that the Assembly 
has voted ^2500 as a present of condolence to the 
Indians and quoting a paragraph in the Assembly's 
message to the Governor relative to the time of expend 
iture. 12 

Capt. John Brown, relative to Mr Magra and jealousy 
between the Senecas and Missesagaes. 13 

George Croghan, regarding money voted by the Assembly 
for a present of condolence and money for the arrest 
of Stump [16:3, 4], a debate in the House, Quaker con 
fidence in Johnson, a communication from the speaker, 
a message from the Governor to the Ohio Indians on 
the murder committed by Stump and his servant, and 
Capt. Thomas McKee's endeavor to pacify the Indians. 14 

George Croghan to Gen. Gage, acquainting with the ac 
tion of the [Pennsylvania] Assembly in voting a present 
of ^3000 to the Indians, Gov. Penn's message to the 
Shawanese, Delawares and Six Nations, the alarm of 
settlers, the arrival of several parties of Senecas at Fort 
Pitt and Thomas McKee's conciliatory efforts among 
the Indians. 15, 16 

Capt. Normand MacLeod on the strange behavior of Red 
mond Magra, trouble between the Senecas and Mes- 
sesagas, the want of steel and a bellows at the post, a 
change of interpreters and Wabacommegat's opinion of 
the Senecas. 17 

New York 










Feb. 10 George Croghan about an inclosed petition from Detroit 
Phill. traders and payment for a negro which was promised in 

'59- 16:18 

18 [Sir William Johnson] to Lieut. Gov. Penn, considering 
Johnson Hall the effect of the murder committed by Fredk Stump 
and of the seizure of some Tuscororas near the place 
of that crime. 19 

18 ' [Sir William Johnson] to Sir H. Moore, regarding ex- 
Johnson Hall penses attending the purchase at Scohare, the ad 
mission of new shareholders, the militia, the murder of 
10 Indians in Pensylvania. 20 

18 [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Gage, concerning the 
Johnson Hall murder committed by Fredk Stump and the seizure of 

Tuscororas by white people on the frontier, a proposed 
settlement on the Ohio, Lieut. Roberts's expenses, 
disbursements at Fort Pitt and Maj. Rogers's drafts, 
amounting to 4852, 125, 2d. 21 

19 John Wetherhead about letters inclosed and letters to 

[New York] be despatched by the general. 22 

22 Peter Hasenclever, to say that Gen. Gage will take 

New York i8,ooo acres and Sir Henry Moore will pay for Lord 
Holland; also that the Duke of Bedford will be at 
the helm, G. Granville, Chancellor of the Treasury, and 
Lord Sandwhich, Secretary of State. 24 

22 John French about a commission inclosed and commis- 

New York s i O ns sent to Col. Johnson. 25 

23 Capt. Turnbull to Gen. Gage (extract), reporting the 
Detroit murder of Rogers, a trader, and the theft of his 

goods by St Joseph Indians, also of one Hambach, 
formerly of the 6cth regiment, by Potowatamies and 
suggesting the complicity of Spaniards and French 
men. 26 
29 [Sir William Johnson] to Joseph Galloway, speaker of 

Johnson Hall the House of Assembly of Pennsylvania, consider 
ing the use of the fund voted by Pennsylvania as a 
gift of condolence to the Indians and observing that 
the enforcement of law is the best security against 
Indian resentment. 27 

29 [Sir William Johnson] to Lieut. Gov. Penn, consider- 

Johnson Hall jng the necessity of punishing crimes against the 

Indians and conciliating the Six Nations, the sum 

to be applied for that purpose and outlining his 

course in the coming general congress. 28 

Mar. i George Croghan, concerning accounts and vouchers 

Phill. from Col. Cole, Cole's objection to orders received 

through Croghan, the pay of gunsmiths in Cole's de 
partment, the murder and scalping 9f 10 Indians, the 
temper of the Dallaway and Shannas, instructions re 
quired by Croghan, correspondence between prominent 



men in Pennsylvania and Lords Shelburn and Clair 

relative to a boundary between white and red men, and 

money due the Six Nations for the lands occupied by 

the Conistoga Indians before the massacre. 16:29 

Mar. i [Sir William Johnson] to Joseph Galloway on the 

Johnson Hall peace between the Cherokees and Six Nations and 

his successful efforts to pacify the latter. 31 

1 Isaac Vrooman and 13 others, expressing their grati- 
Schenectady tude for the services rendered by Sir John and Capt. 

Johnson in the election of Mr Mynderse as a repre 
sentative for the township of Schenectady. 30 

2 Crean Brush's receipt to Mr Wetherhead for fees of re- 
New York ceiver general on patents of Michael Byrne and John 

Brackan. 49 

4 Francis Wade, expressing regret at the cessation 
Philada. o f correspondence and asking to be informed of 

the occasion of offense. 32 

5 [Sir William Johnson] to Sam'l Wharton, congratulating 
Johnson Hall O n his extrication from business difficulties and men 
tioning the importance of conciliating the Six Na 
tions, particularly the Senecas, 1200 to be dis 
tributed by Mr Croghan at Fort Pitt, correspondence 
with Lord Shelburne pertaining to the boundary, and 

the opening of the Indian congress. 33 

5 [Sir William Johnson] to the mayor of Schenectady, 
Johnson Hall answering an address of thanks for Sir John's and 
Capt. Johnson's assistance at the election, under Sir 
William's countenance. 34 

5 [Sir William Johnson] to the Hon'ble John Watts, re- 
Johnson Hall garding an account against the province of Pennsyl 
vania, a congress with Cherokees, men of the Six 
Nations and chiefs from Canada, relation of the 
Shawanese and the Delawares to the Six Nations, 
the difficulty of pacifying Indian resentment with 
money, and quitrents for Northhampton lands. 35 

5 [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Gage, mentioning a 
Johnson Hall communication from Lord Shelburne, the boundary, 
the escape of Stump, an incident oi the Indian con 
gress and Gage's letters for Ontario and Niagara. 36 
5 [Sir William Johnson] to George Croghan, inclosing 
Johnson Hall instructions for the Fort Pitt meeting, and mention 
ing the congress at Johnson Hall, the Pennsylvania 
subsidy to the Indians, the King's approbation of 
Johnson's proposals, and the traders' petitions. 37 
5 John Wetherhead about articles sent in charge of 
New York Pemberton, Johnson's patents, official slowness, 

Roberts's indebtedness and Johnson's ailment. 38 

10 Capt. James Cnsick, asking a letter to Gen. Gage in the 
Schenectady interest of road improvement at Fort Stamvix. 39 



Mar. 12 Abraham Van Eps, offering to sell a piece of land. 16:40 


13 Draper S'n Wood, informing of failure to obtain wagons 
Albany f or provisions from Capt. Schylor, D. Q. M. Gen. 41 

14 [Sir William Johnson] to the Earl of Shelburne, express- 
Johnson Hall i n g gratification at the King's approval, relating the 

murder of 10 Indians in Pennsylvania and treating the 
subject of Indian relations. [Doc. rel. to Col Hist. 
N. Y. 8:36-38] 42 

14 John Wetherhead, explaining the delay of Johnson's 

New York patents, describing devices of the Presbyterian party in 

the late election with the downfall of the lawyers and 

the Presbyterians and mentioning a negro woman who 

with her child can be bought for 70. 43 

14 [Sir William Johnson] to the Lords of Trade, reporting 

Johnson Hall the murder of 10 Indians by an inhabitant of Penn 
sylvania, the congress with 760 Indians, the peace be 
tween the Six Nations and Cherokees and steps toward 
fixing a boundary between Indians and settlements. 
[Doc. rel to Col. Hist. N. Y. 8:53-54] 44 

14 [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Gage, informing of the 
Johnson Hall close of the Indian congress, peace between Cherokees 

and Six Nations and the present feeling of the Indians. 45 

15 [Sir William Johnson] to Lieut. Gov. Penn, mentioning 
Johnson Hall the late Indian congress, Croghan's coming meeting 

with Indians at Fort Pitt and the determination of 
Connecticut to send an agent to England to " solicit the 
Susquahanna affair " [obtain ministerial support for a 
settlement on the Susquehanna]. 46 

15 Jas. Downe's receipt to John Wetherhead for fees due to 
[New York] John Tabor Kempe, attorney general, for a. draft of 
letters patent to John Brackan for 280 acres of land 
in Albany county. 50 

15 ' Jas. Downe's receipt to same for 54, fees due the attorney 
[New York] general for a draft of letters patent to Michael Bryne 

[Byrne] and 17 others for 18,000 acres of land. 51 

1 6 John Wetherhead about articles to be sent in charge of 

New York Capt. Van Allen and progress of Johnson's patents. 47 

1 6 [Sir William Johnson] in account with John Wetherhead. 48 
New York 

17 John Wetherhead about articles sent and to be sent. 52 
New York 

18 George Croghan, announcing that he sets out at once for 
Philada. Fort Pitt to meet the Indians, that he will be at Johnson 

Hall at an early day and mentioning the celebration by 
the Royal Irish Regiment the day before at Peg Mul 
len's. 53 



Mar. 19 William Lupton, transmitting a letter from Col. Massey 
New York which has arrived by a schooner that left Dublin No 
vember loth and suffered great distress off the 
American coast for eight weeks. i6'S4 

21 Cornelius Glen and A. C. Cuyler, requesting a draft on 
Albany New York in payment of Capt. Rogers's bills and an 

order on Gerrit Van Santie for pork. 55 

23 Samuel Wharton, relative to the distribution of the Penn- 
Philada. sylvania donation to Indians, correspondence between 

Mr MacLeane and Dr Franklin on the boundary 
[15:172], Gov. Franklin's purpose to write, 'a present 
to Johnson of grafts of the best fruits in the province, 
threats of the Black Boys affecting Mr Croghan and a 
measure for his protection. 56 

25 [Sir William Johnson] to Lieut. Gov. Sharpe, approving 
Johnson Hall the sale of the Nanticokes' lands in Maryland and the 
appointment of Capt. Ogden as their attorney and in 
dicating the necessary proceedings. 57 

28 Benjamin Kissam, informing that Peter Remsen has a 
New York power of attorney to settle the disputes of the Indians 

over the Kayadorosseres and that steps are taken to 
ward the division of the patent. 58 

29 Petition of the Lutheran congregation to Sir William 
Stone Raby Johnson, regarding the possession of church land, 

threatened by the Calvinists ; asking advice. 25:111 

Apr. 3 Samuel Wharton, concerning the bearer, who comes from 
Philada. Lancaster by way of Philadelphia, New York and 

Albany. 16 .'59 

5 [Sir William Johnson] to Hon'ble J. Watts, mentioning 
Johnson Hall illnesp due to discomforts of the Indian congress, 

money transmitted by Mr Allen, the proposed boundary, 

the Northampton tract and the Kayaderosseras dispute. 60 

6 Sir William Johnson in account with John Wether- 
New York head. 6l 

6 [Sir William Johnson] to Lieut. Gov. Penn, mentioning 
Johnson Hall recent illness, a list of presents to the Indians and com 
pensation to the Tuscaroras for horses seized when they 
came through Pennsylvania in 1766. 62 

6 [Sir William Johnson] to Gov. Sir H. Moore about 
Johnson Hall recent illness, commissions for the militia, the territory 

of the Albany regiment and a journey which he will 
take to the seacoast for his health; recommending 
x Hend'k M. Roseboom and Peter B. Vroman Jun'r 
for places in the Albany and Scohare regiments and 
Col. Guy Johnson for adjutant general. 63 

7 John Wetherhead about goods sent and others waiting 

New York and the completed patents. 64 



Apr. 8 [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Gage, mentioning an 
Johnson Hall illness due to the Indian congress, proceedings and ac 
counts inclosed, Maj. Rogers's drafts, the Carolina and 
Georgia boundaries, the Indians' desire for a gratuity 
in connection with the boundary settlement, objections 
of Indian traders to the regulations [15:237]; defend 
ing the regulations, a'dvising the withdrawal of the 
commissary at the Ilinois and informing that he will 
make a journey to the seaside and Lieut. Johnson will 
discharge the business of the department during his 
absence; also approving Lieut. Roberts's expenses. 16:65 

8 [Sir William Johnson] to H. Wallace, sending a draft 
Johnson Hall for Maj. Gorham's disbursements, and mentioning a 
vessel sent to Dublin, the late election, peace between 
the northern Indians and Cherokees, the murder of 
IO Indians in Pennsylvania, his own illness and pro 
jected journey. 66 
n John Wetherhead about an order for oysters, spices and 
New York lobsters, a letter from Doctor Auchmuthy, one for Mr 
Byrne and Johnson's letters to the ministry, and the 
delayed patents. 67(1) 

11 John Wetherhead's bill to Sir William Johnson for 

New York oysters and spices. 67(2) 

12 Jost Herchheimer to [Sir William Johnson?] in re- 
Burnets Field gard to an inclosed list of men recommended for 

officers in the battalion. 68 

15 Circular letter of Hillsborough to the governors in 
Whitehall America, informing them that the regulation of Indian 
trade will be left to the colonies. [This copy is ad 
dressed to the Governor of West Florida and marked: 
Duplicate.] [Doc. rel. to Col. Hist. N. Y. 8:55-56] 25:108(2) 
15 Lieut. Geo. Phyn, considering the value of the Ohio and 
Mobile Illinois countries and showing that it depends on the 

possession of New Orleans, condemning the trial of 
Maj. Farmer and sending Gen. Haldimand's compli 
ments. 109 
18 Commissary Edward Cole to [Sir William Johnson] 
Fort Chartres about accounts transmitted to Mr Croghan and recom 
mending the establishing of trade at Post Vincent, with 
Mr Rumsey [Lieut. James Ramsay] as agent. 16:70 
2^ [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Gage, discussing the pro- 
Guy Park posed Indian boundary, the interests involved, the 
coming conference, and trade regulations, and mention 
ing the journey he is taking for his health. 71 
2.? [Sir William Johnson] to Lieut. Gov. Carleton, consider- 
Johnson Hall ing the objections of traders to trade regulations 
[15:237], aspersions on the commissaries, the character 
of Indian traders and the sale of liquor to Indians. 73 



Apr. 23 [Sir William Johnson] to John Blair, commander in chief 
Johnson Hall in Virginia, relative to the late congress, Johnson's im 
paired health, misapprehensions concerning the pro 
posed Indian boundary, instructions from the ministry 
for its completion, the Cherokee claim, and the journey 
which he will make to salt water. 16:73 

25 [Sir William Johnson] to Sir H. Moore, concerning 
Schenectady officers for the militia, his journey to the islands about 
New London and the bounds of the Albany regiment. 
Attached to manuscript, a scrap showing the route to 
New London. 74 

William Johnston's account of smith work for the 

Indians. 18 159 

tMichilimack- William Johnston's bill to Sir William Johnson for smith 

inac] work. 6l 

May 6 Col. John Jost Herchheimer's return of persons chosen 
Bumets Field f or officers of his battalion. [Erroneously dated May 6, 

1767] 14:221 

7 A representation to the King from the Lords of Trade 
Whitehall on a petition for a grant of copper mines near Lake 

Superior. 16 176 

8 Baynton, Wharton & Morgan, giving the reply of Mr 
Philada. Maturin, the general's secretary, to their letter regard 
ing Mr Cole's accounts and asking an order for pay 
ment. 77 

9 A return of the officers to have commissions under Col. 

Jacobus V. Slyck for the township of Schenactady; a 
later memorandum gives a list of additional officers re 
turned May 1769, which is practically identical with 
17:162. 79 

9 Wm. Newton for Mr Mortier, sending warrants for 

New York money and a statement of charges against Johnson's 

account. 80 

10 John Wetherhead, to Sir William Johnson, to the care 

New York o f Mr Chew, postmaster in New London, about letters 
forwarded to Mr Cartwright, the delayed patents, the 
purchase of a negro woman and child, Col. Croghan's 
accounts, the pardon of Wilkes by the interposition of 
the Duke of Bolton or Bedford, and .Lord Hills- 
borough's politeness to Kempe. 8l 

13 J. DeBerniere to [Sir William Johnson], asking a letter 
New York to Lord Hilsborough on a matter of lands in which 

DeBerniere is interested. 82 

14 A return of persons recommended for captains and 

subalterns in the new regiments of militia foot raised 

for the western parts of Albany county. 83 

14 John Wetherhead to [Sir William Johnson], mentioning 

New York things which he has sent to New London, asking the 

pleasure of a visit, advising a short stay among the 



" canting, hypocritical " " Yankys," noticing the govern 
ment's intention to send over a regiment of light 
dragoons to quell riot and a rumor that James Otys 
will direct the Boston forces in shipping all the com 
missioners home to England, and mentioning Peter 
Remsen's ideas about a patent and Wetherhead's in 
terest in one. 16:86 
May 17 John Stuart, Indian superintendent, acknowledging a 
Charles Town CO py of the proceedings relating to the Cherokees, con 
veying the gratitude of Ouconnastotah for Johnson's 
intercession with the Six Nations, considering frontier 
offenses against the Indians, attacks of the western 
nations on the Cherokee towns and white hunters and 
measures for drawing the boundary line. 87 

22 John Wetherhead, concerning Johnson's orders, articles 
New York sen t by Capt. Lattimer's sJ<~>op to New London, the 

Governor's departure for Albany with Billy Bayard, his 
position on the Kaiaderosseras dispute, and the pack 
age for Doct'r Auchmuthy. 88 

23 Sir William Johnson to Baynton, Wharton & Morgan 
New London about dealings with Mr Edward Cole, forms to be 

observed in obtaining payments from the government 
and an order on Mr , Mortier. On back, letter to 
Abraham Mortier about account due Baynton, Wharton 
& Morgan. Also order on same in behalf of Baynton, 
Wharton & Morgan. 5:88 

24 Joseph Galloway, mentioning the late Indian congress, 
Philadelphia quoting Dr Franklin's letter of March 13 concerning 

an interview with Lord Hillsborough and a new In 
dian policy and mentioning the payment to Thomas 
Lawrence of Johnson's draft on the province. 16 190 

30 John Wetherhead about a draft on Mr Mortier, articles 
New York to be sent in care of Capt. Kelly, letters transmitted, 

Col. Croghan's accounts and a desired visit. 91 

30 Wm. Newton for Mr Mortier, acknowledging letters and 
New York a draft and explaining why a balance must be paid to 

Johnson's son in paper currency. 78 

31 John Wetherhead about orders, a present from Mrs 
New York Wetherhead, good Glocester cheese, Doctor Auchmuthy 

and 10 pound bills inclosed. 92 

Wm. Allen to John Watts, informing that the Quakers 
will make representations to England against Sir Wil 
liam Johnson and asking that Johnson may be warned. 
[No date] 93 

Rev. Tho. Barton, concerning William's studies, the spirit 
of violence in the colonies, the devastation of the Indian 
town of Conestogo ; asking to be appointed overseer of 
the Indian plantation. [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 4:381-83; Q, 
4:240-41] 89 




June 2 



List of names, being apparently a return of the company 
officers of Col. Jacob Sternberger's regiment of Al 
bany county militia; all the entries have been crossed 
out except the companies of Davit Becker and Isaac 
Vroman. [Probably May 1768] 16:85 

Account of the Nanticoke Indians with Amos Ogden 
100, 95, pd. 25:110 

Address of the house of delegates to Gov. Horatio 
Sharpe, Robt. Lloyd, speaker, reviewing acts of 1704, 
1711 and 1723 concerning Nanticoke lands and the re 
versionary rights of white people, and advising that the 
Indians be not permitted to sell. 112 

Duplicate of no. 112. 114 

Minutes of the meetings of the gentlemen petitioners for 
a grant of mines around Lake Superior, May 4 and 
June 2 ; certified by the chairman, Samuel Touchet, 
June 12. 16:75 

Supplementary petition of the above limiting the rights 
previously petitioned for. [Not dated but presented 
between May 4 and June 2] 19 1221 

Frantz Ruppert about papers sent to Mr Croghan, a bill 
Philadelphia f or I45) as h house, etc. 16:94 

5 Mark Feely, informing that he is no longer employed by 
New London John W. Smith, asking a recommendation and mention 
ing an inclination to go- to Dublin by way of Liver 
pool. 95 

6 Daniel Campbell, mentioning Johnson's account with 
Schenectady Phyri & Ellice, which Campbell has settled, his own 

journey to the spring for health and his promotion at 
Johnson's hands in the militia. 96 

L. Macleane recommending Francis Bostwicke, agent for 
men concerned in Lake Superior mines. [16:75, ?6; 
17:71] 97 

Edward Chinn, concerning correspondence with Henry 

Bostwick in London. 98 

Abraham Mortier, acknowledging receipts, sending 
receipts of Baynton, Wharton & Morgan and inform 
ing that the balance of Sir William's account has been 
paid to Sir John. 99 

Joseph Chew to Sir William Johnson at Fishers Island, 

offering hospitality. 100 

18 An act fo<* granting to the Nanticoke Indians compen- 
[Annapolis] sation for lands appropriated to their use and deserted 
and securing certain persons in reversionary rights to 
several tracts. 25:113 

18 Duplicate of no. 113. 115 

Acts of September 5 and October 3, 1704, vesting certain 
[Annapolis] lands in Dorchester county, Md., on the Nanticoke 
river in the Nanticoke tribe and securing reversionary 
rights, also providing for protection of timber. 116 



New York 

N. London 



June 20 John Wetherhead about Mr Roberts's accounts. . 16:101 

New York 

21 Daniel Claus's authorization to Joseph Raymond to 
Montreal enumerate the inhabitants within the seigniory of the 
Iroquois, to lay out farms for their use, to inspect 
leases, report their yearly income and receive their 
rents, etc. [In French and English] [Copy of an or 
iginal dated October 9, 1767, and delivered to Gen. 
Carleton June 21, 1768] 102 

27 Gov. Horatio Sharpe, relating the legislative proceedings 
Annapolis empowering the Nanticokes to sell their lands. 25:117 

29 Joseph Chew, expressing thanks for kindness, mentioning 
New London Sir William's journey and telling how the Sons of 

Liberty called Joshua Elderkin to account for importing 
prohibited articles. 16:103 

30 William Kelly, offering best wishes and hospitality. 104 
New York 

30 John Wetherhead to [Sir William Johnson] regarding 
New York Mr Wharton's demand on Col. Croghan, Michael 
Byrne's draft on Johnson, Johnson's patents, Peter 
Sarvis's patent and Lawyer's Schoharrie patent, Sir 
Henry Moore's observations on the Kaiaderosseras dis 
pute and the sale by the Indians cf the " intervening 
lands,'' with Mr Wetherhead's answer. 105 

Fradrick Vesher's [Frederick Vischer] bill to Sir Wil 
liam Johnson for "going Express to New London." 18:51 
July 13 Joseph Chew, concerning business with Col. Fitch at 
New London Windam, a political conversation with Col. Putnam at 
Norwich, one with Lieut. Gov. Trumbull's son, and 
Col. Dyer's sentiments on the Susquehanna and Dela 
ware purchases. 16:107 
13 John Morin Scott and 12 other members of a committee, 
New York informing that Peter Remsen, assisted by Isaac Low, 
is authorized to settle with the Indians the dispute over 
the Cayoderoseras patent. 108 
18 Sir H. Moore, asking assistance for a settlement of the 
Fort George Kanyaderosseras contention, complaining that he could 
not have access to the Indian records at Johnson Hall, 
calling for a copy of a report of a meeting held at 
Albany on this dispute when Mr Livingston was secre 
tary for Indian affairs, and urging Johnson to come to 
New York. 109 
20 [Sir William Johnson] to the Earl of Hillsborough, re- 
Johnson Hall viewing his course under the plan of 1764 for Indian 
affairs, considering the proposal to commit to the 
colonies the charge of Indian expenses, stating the 
causes of increase in expenses, including French liberal 
ity toward the Indians, English ill treatment and the 
spread of English settlements, also the cause of the war 
f in 1763, promising to work under any plan and pointing 



out the need of an ampler allowance for expenses in 
the northern department than in the southern. [Doc. 
Hist. N. Y. 2:896-904; Q, 2:520-24 and Doc. rel to 
Col. Hist. N. Y. 8:82-87] 16:110 

July 20 Sir William Johnson to Mr Wetherhead, concerning an 

Johnson Hall expected visit, goods which Mr Adems will buy, ex 
penses for two patents, the Peter Servis patent, costs 
of a survey and money sent for the payment of 
Roberts's and Byrn's drafts. in 

20 [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Gage, mentioning im- 

Johnson Hall proved health, Mr Blair's letter concerning the bound 
ary, the necessity of continuing the line north of 
Owegy, disadvantages of colonial control of Indian 
expenses, the necessary inequality of expenses in the 
two Indian departments, an inclosed account of pay 
and disbursements, a blockhouse at Conajohare (Fort 
Hendrick) which the Indians desire for a church and 
the arrival of a Chi [ppe] weigh party. 112 

20 fSir William Johnson] to Sir H. Moore, in regard to 

Johnson Hall plans for committing Indian trade to the management 
of the colonies, business which will prevent attendance 
at council, a boundary congress, the dispute about 
Kayadarosseras, the Klock affair and the claim of the 
Stockbridge Indians to land within the Mannor of 
Ranslaer. 113 

20 Joseph Chew on the action of Maryland toward Lord 

New London Hillsbrough's commands and an evening with Capt. 

Oliver. 114 

20 Capt. Amos Ogden, saying that he has disposed of Nanti- 

Reading Town co ke Indian lands to the amount of 250 and will give a 
New jersey particular account. 25:118 

22 James Gray, showing the bad character of companies at 
Stockbridge New Canaan and the unfitness of their officers. 16:115 

23 [Sir William Johnson] to Hector Theo's Cramahe, send- 
Johnson Hall ing a copy of his instructions to Maj. Rogers at Mich- 

ilimack'c and other information about Rogers's ex 
penses. 25:119 
23 An account of losses sustained by Abraham Mitchel, 
Philadelphia James and Thomas Dundass & Co. by means of In 
dian depredations 1408, 155, i^d; sworn to before 
Isaac Jones, Mayor. 15 :2i8 
23 Account of sales of the skins of the company [Mitchel, 
Philadelphia Dundass & Co.], brought from Detroit by Isaac Van- 

dervelden. 219 

2T, Account of Isaac Vandervelden & Fredrick Hambugh 
Phiiiada. & Co. with Abraham Mitchell. 220 

27 Sir William Johnson to Maj. Glen, asking that pro- 
Johnson Hall visions be sent and a boat be furnished to carry him 
self and company to Fort Stanwix, where he will hold 
the general congress. i6:n5 





July 28 Capt. Forbes to Gen. Gage (extract), informing of the 

Fort Chartres murder of a party of Englishmen on the Shawanese 

river by Indians and the attacking of Virginia hunters 

on Green river. 16:117 

28 [Sir William Johnson] to Dr Peter Middleton about a 

Johnson Hall tract in which Mr Upton is concerned and Johnson's 

visit to the seashore. 119 

[Sir William Johnson] to Joseph Galloway on the corn- 
Hall ing boundary congress and the new plan of Indian 

affairs. 120 

Andw. Lewis and Thomas Walker, Virginia commis 
sioners, about the time and place of the Indian congress 
and the coming meeting with the Cherrokees at Chis- 
well's mines on the North Carolina border ; commend 
ing the bearer, Capt. John Doudy. 121 

John De Peyster's account against Sir William Johnson. 18 .57 

John Wetherhead to [Sir William Johnson], mentioning 
Roberts's and Byrne's drafts, Col. Campbell's certificate 
in Mr La Bute's favor, sea water desired by Johnson, 
Edward Mum ford or Allan McDougall to take Harry 
Van Schaack's place as Wetherhead's representative 
at Detroit, fees for Peter Sarvis's patent (amounting 
to 623, IDS), a patent for Brackens and Mr Colden's 
charges. [Not dated but indorsed: July 1768] 16:106 

Extract from a letter to Gen. Gage from the Ilinois, 
showing the debasing effect on the Indians of continual 
donations and the possibility of obtaining more cheaply 
the articles for necessary presents. 146 

Daniel Claus, regarding an Indian boundary dispute, the 
trial of Maj. Rodgers, alterations in Johnson's depart 
ment, Gov. Carleton's misunderstanding, St Luc Le 
Corne's misrepresentation, the Governor's extravagant 
policy, French Canadian satisfaction at the Boston riots 
and Roberts's suit against Morrison over the Niagara 
trade. 123 

4 Joseph Chew, concerning a demonstration by the Sons of 
London Licentiousness in Boston against John Williams, in 
spector general, the experience of Harrison, collector 
at Boston, the general turbulence and opposition in 
New York to a bishop; sending a copy of a notice by 
the Friends of Liberty of a meeting to be held July 16, 
which John Williams has promised to attend. 124 

5 Jno. Brown, inquiring about Mr Murray, saying that the 
Schonactady congregation would be willing, if he be suitable and ap 
proved by Johnson, to pay him 40 a year and mention 
ing the rivalry of the Presbyterians. [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 

4:383; Q, 4:241] I2 * 

Aug. 3 




Aug. 5 [Sir William Johnson] to Sir H. Moore, informing that 
Johnson Hall he has persuaded the Mohocks to relinquish claim to 
the Kayadarasseras, the patentees paying them 5000 dol 
lars and releasing certain tracts, describing the state of 
former Indian records and communicating the request 
of the Mohocks that the possession of their village and 
plantation be secured to them. 16:130 

7 John Wetherhead to [Sir William Johnson] regarding 
New York money sent in care of Mr Adams, Col. Croghan's ac 
counts, a conversation with Mr Maturin, the patent for 
Peter Servis, the fees, 624, IDS, business which detains 
the writer at home and a cask of sea water sent up. 131 

7 Rob't Adems about an order for goods, which he will 

New York endeavor to fill. 132 

8 [Sir William Johnson] to Col. Lewis and Mr Walker, 

commissioners for Virginia, to say that the general 
congress will be held at Fort Stanwix after the arrival 
of the Shawanese. 133 

10 Daniel Claus, concerning the copper mine on Lake Su- 
Montrl. perior in which Mr Bostwick and Mr Baxter are inter 
ested, charges against Rogers, Goddart's circumstances, 
his influence with the Indians, Lieut. Pauli's idea of a 
northwest passage to the west of Lake Superior and 
Rogers's demand for Roberts's punishment. 134 

11 Tho Penn, regarding a difficulty affecting Johnson's grant. i-r* 

12 Normand McLeod to [Sir William Johnson?] about the 
Niagara consequences of abolishing the office of Indian com 
missary. 135 

12 John Wetherhead about W'm Me Adam's rage at the delay 
New York i n a payment. 137 

15 John Watts about a boundary congress and Northampton. 138 
New York 

15 Joseph Chew, mentioning the embarking of troops at 
New London Halyfax for Boston, Boston resolves against importa 
tion irom Great Britain and parliamentary authority, 
the " important Mr Otis " and disparagement of John 
son's work by Sons of Liberty and others. 130, 

15 Lieut. Col. Wilkins to Gen. Gage, writing about 150 miles 

below the Ohio falls (extract), sending intelligence of 
the destruction at or near the Ouabache of a party of 
men sent by Baynton, Wharton & Co. to kill buffalo. 
Attached is an extract relating to Joseph Gorham's bills 
on William McAdam. 140 

16 Gen. Thomas Gage's warrant to Abraham Mortier for 
New York paying 6998, 155, lod New York currency, to Sir 

William Johnson. 26 145 



Aug. 17 [Sir William Johnson] to the Earl of Hillsborough, corn- 
Johnson Hall municating intelligence received at the Chipeweigh con 
gress of French and Spanish machinations, discussing 
colonial management of Indian trade, Maj. Rogers's 
Indian policy, the Kayadarosseras settlement, the New 
York-Indian boundary, the need of deputies and 
interpreters and a proper allowance for them. [Doc. 
Hist. N. Y. 2:904-8; Q, 2:524-26 and Doc. rel. to Col. 
Hist. N. Y. 8:93-96] 16:141 

23 Speech of Puant chief : declares his efforts to preserve 
Missilimack- peace in spite of French and Spanish endeavors and 

nc disappointment at failing to receive a laced coat, a hat 

and a flag. A reply by B. Glasier. 148 

22 Robert Leake, concerning McMillan's departure from Fort 
New York pitt for the Illinois and the deputies removed from 

office. 140 

24 Sir William Johnson to T. Penn on the boundary, John- 
Johnson Hall son's interest in a tract between the forks of Susque- 

hannah and the Delaware, his attachment to Penn's 
interest, his grant from the Crown and reform of the 
Indian department. 143 

24 [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Gage concerning Mr 
Johnson Hall Croghan's accounts, affairs at the Ilinois, account in 
curred by Rogers, the reform in Indian expenses, 
Rogers's scheme, the New York-Indian boundary, the 
congress at Fort Stanwix, French and Spanish officers 
among the nations and necessary expenses in the de 
partment. 144 

26 H. Gaine to [Sir William Johnson], offering to complete 
N. York the work undertaken by the late Mr Weyman, of print 
ing the Indian prayer book and saying that the Rev. 
Mr Ogilvie will assist [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 4:384-85; 

Q, 4:242] I4S 

27 Estimate of expenses for the officers to be continued in 
[Johnson the Indian department, transmitted to Gen. Gage. 147 


27 H. Moore, Governor, complaining of misrepresentation in 
Fort George the minutes of his proceedings with the Indians at 
Johnson Hall during Sir William's absence and of dis 
courtesy in his reception. 149 
27 Jno. Brown, asking a recommendation to Doctor Auch- 
Schonactady muty mentioning guns for sale by Col. Broadstreet's 

tenant. 150 

30 Speech of Le Force and all the Ottaway chiefs, reviewing 
Michiiimack- their good relations with the English. Reply of B. 
ina Glasier. Also a note by him testifying to the good be 

havior of these Indians. 151 



Aug. 31 H. Moore, discussing the proposed boundary between 
Fort George New York settlements and the Indians, mentioning the 
necessity of preserving communication with Ontario 
and asking for a statement of the plan for Indian trade, 
to be laid before the Assembly. 16:152: 

31 Thomas Flood, craving relief in distress and mentioning 
hardship suffered at the hands of Mr Gamble in Shi- 
needy. 2:182(2) 
Sept. i [Sir William Johnson] to Mr Remsen, informing that the 
Johnson Hall proprietors of the Hansen patent are anxious lest the 
arrangement between the Indians and the proprietors of 
Kayadarosseras may infringe on their possessions and 
asking that the Hansen patentees may be secured. 16:153 
6 Peter Remsen and Isaac Low, informing that the patent- 
New York ees of the Cayoderoseras are ready to confirm the recent 
settlement and that the balance due the Indians is sent 
in charge of Simon Remsen and Mr McCrea. 154 

8 [Sir William Johnson] to Hugh Gaine about the expense 
Johnson Hall o f completing the printing of the Indian prayer book 

and making 400 copies. [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 4:386; Q, 

4 :2433 !55 

9 Proceedings of Council relative to the boundary of Pen- 
Fort George silvania and the desire of the Proprietaries to purchase 

New York to the northward ; quoting the charter of Charles 2 to 
William Penn and asking Sir William Johnson to 
oppose the northward extension. 156 

10 John Watts, asking that Gov. Penn be accommodated 
New York with money and promising that Penn's drafts will be 

paid. 157 

11 Francis Wade, mentioning magnolia seeds which he 
Philada. sends and plants which he can furnish. 158 

12 Hugh Wallace, inquiring about bills given by Capt. Speis- 

New York maker and Benjamin Roberts. 159- 

12 Gw. Banyar about lands which he has taken for debt, 

New York Mr Penn's claim and intention, action of the Council, 
intention of the proposed boundary and the coming 
congress. 160- 

12 [Sir William Johnson] to Gov. Penn, saying that he will 
Johnson Hall start for Fort Stanwix on the I5th, marking out a 

course from Schenectady to the fort for the Governor 

and mentioning stopping places. 161 

13 Account of Baynton, Wharton & Morgan of goods de- 
Fort Chartres livered to Indian tribes by order of Edward Cole, com 
missary; receipted; with Cole's certificate and statement 
specifying tribes and war parties benefited and Capt. 
Gordon Forbes's certificate. 25:120 

15 Col. Nathan Whiting, commending Col. Fitch to Sir 
New Haven William's favor. 16:162 



Sept. 16 William OBrien, commending Mr Bostwick to favor. 16:163 
New York 

17 H. Gaine, sending a memorandum, found among Mr 
New York Weyman's papers, on the cost of Indian prayer books 
and agreeing to finish the work satisfactorily. [Doc. 
Hist. N. Y. 4:386-87; Q, 4:243] 164 

20 Sir William Johnson to Sir Henry Moore, explaining mis- 
Fort Stanwix understandings in regard to the minutes of proceedings 

at Johnson Hall during Sir Henry's visit [16:149], dis 
proving discourtesy on the part of Col. Johnson, vindi 
cating the integrity of his officers, adverting to the 
Kayadarosseras and Klock disputes and discussing the 
relations of Governor and Indian superintendent. 165 

21 Thomas Moffatt, saying that the excitement in Boston has 
New London reached the point of mad resistance or humiliating sub 
mission, that two regiments with a company and ar 
tillery are expected from Halifax, that Gov. Bernard has 
received a call to London with permission to return, 
Lord Howe is coming with two frigates and three regi 
ments from Ireland, and that town meetings have ap 
pointed days of fasting and prayer and resolved to 
summon a convention. 167 

25 [Sir William Johnson] to J. Stuart, Indian superinten- 
Fort Stanwix dent, informing that the congress awaits only the ar 
rival of the Shawanese and Delawares, that the Six 
Nations are likely to claim lands as far south as the 
Cheroke river, and advising delay in settling the Chero 
kee boundary. 168 

26 Daniel Claus, saying that he has been detained at home 
W'msburg by the serious illness of his child, Nancy, and mention 
ing a boy, Thorn, a prisoner for some years among the 
Shawanese, money due to two Frenchmen for the arms 
taken by Col. Bradstreet, the approaching trial of 
Rodgers and Gen. Carleton's preparation to inspect 
Indian trade at Carillon and Riviere au Lievre. 169 

28 Thomas Moffatt, communicating intelligence that the 
N. London troops ordered from Halifax to Boston will be joined 
by regiments from Great Britain and Ireland, with a 
squadron of war ships, predicting submission and men 
tioning a report that Otis, Rowe and Hancock will be 
required to embark in a war ship for London. 170 

28 James Phyn about Madeira, ale, cheese and lemons, also 
Schenectady letters to be forwarded. 171 

28 [Sir William Johnson] to Sir H. Moore, regarding the 

Fort Stanwix interests to be served in fixing a boundary between the 

New York Indians and the settlers, the unreasonable 

claim [of Pennsylvania] [16:156] and a statement that 



transportation at the carrying place is performed by 
Indians. The certificate of Lieut. Galland follows, which 
states that the carrying is regularly done by Germans. 16:173 
Sept. 30 Daniel Clans to [Sir William Johnson], acquainting with 
Williamsburg the death of his child, Sir William's grandchild. 172 

30 Joncaire Chabert to [Sir William Johnson], detailing 
Detroit losses of goods, disputes with the commandant and 

Indians at Niagara and with creditors, also a mid 
night adventure with a suspicious visitor, and asking 
intervention in his behalf with Gen. Gage. [In French] 174 
30 [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Gage about arrivals at the 
Fort Stanwix congress and withdrawal of the garrison from Ontario; 
inclosing information of communications between the 
French and Indians. 175 

30 Peter Hasenclever, concerning the ingratitude and treach- 
New York e ry of his copartners in the iron works, the output of 
his own and rival furnaces, his purchase on the Mo 
hawk, his intended trip in Pensilvania, Maryland and 
Virginia, an incendiary notice, the Governor's procla 
mation, the need of moderation in America and of in 
telligence in England, agricultural prospects in America 
and the great value of American trade to Great Britain. 176 
30 Benj'n Price, regarding bills drawn by Maj. Robert 
Montreal Rogers in favor of Joseph Sanguinet. 177 

Oct. i Joncaire Chabert to [Sir William Johnson], complaining 
Detroit that no one regards trade regulations and that his 

credit is impaired and asking permission to trade among 
the Indians. [In French] 178 

i [Sir William Johnson] to Gov. Carleton, informing of 
Fort Stanwix the arrest of Lieut. Roberts at Montreal at the suit of 
one Morrison, showing that Roberts acted according 
to duty and asking that he be protected; mentioning 
persons and tribes in attendance at the congress. 179 

7 Jacob W's Johnson, saying that he will wait on Sir 
William on the morrow at any time and place ap 
pointed. 180 
9 Maj. Daniel Campbell about money advanced to Indians, 
Schenectady provisions to be had at Albany, expectations from the 
Indian congress and the effect in Boston of the ap 
proach of two regiments from Hallifax. 181 
12 L. Perthuis to [Sir William Johnson?], asking that cer- 
Montreal tain sums of money may be included in Johnson's ac 
counts. [In French] 182 
12 Lord Hillsborough, considering the new Indian trade ar- 
Whitehall rangement, requiring adherence to the Board of Trade's 
estimate of expenses, declaring that, if the expense of 
running the boundary line is to be 10,000, the colonies 
must provide for it, agreeing to the extension of the 







line northward of Owegy to include the province of 
New York, showing why the plan of 1764 for trade 
regulation is impracticable and approving that now pro 
posed by the Board of Trade. [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 
2:908-11; Q, 2:526-28 and Doc. rel. to Col. Hist. N. Y. 
8:101-3] 16:183 

Oct. 13 [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Gage on the cost of the 

Fort Stanwix congress, because of the numbers and tardy arrival of 
Indians attending, Gov. Penn's impatience and Lieut. 
McDougal's plan for getting the French traders out of 
the Indian country employing the Detroit militia, 
under McDougal's command, for that work. 184 

John Pownall, informing that Johnson's dispatch to the 
Earl of Hillsborough has been received and will be laid 
before the King at the first opportunity. [Doc. Hist. 
N. Y. 2:911-12; Q, 2:528] 185 

Henry Bostwick to [Sir William Johnson], sending copy 
of the proceedings held at London in behalf of a grant 
of mines about Lake Superior [16:75, 76], asking an 
early report should the subject be referred to Johnson's 
opinion and declaring the writer's persuasion that he 
will be able to hold the Indians about Lake Superiour 
to the British alliance. 186 

15 Account current of Oliver Delancy, James Jauncey, Goldb. 

[New York] Banyer and Peter Remsen with Miss [Mrs] Grace 

Cosby. 187 

15 David Van Der Heyden to [Sir William Johnson], send- 
Albany j n g letters received from his son at Montreal, relating 

to Maj. Rogers's bill in behalf of Monsr. Sanguinett. 188 

16 Memorial of Eleazar Wheelock of Lebanon in Connecti- 
Lebanon cut, founder and director of the Indian Charity 

School, to Sir William Johnson and Governors Sir 
Henry Moore, Benjamin [should be William] Franklin 
and John Penn, convened at Fort Stanwix : stating 
the object and foundation of the school, his desire to 
extend the work among the Onondages and Tusca- 
roras, and introducing the Rev. Ebenezer Cleaveland 
and Allen Mather, who will represent this cause at the 
congress. [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 4:388-89; Q, 4:244-45] 189 

17 Daniel Campbell about purchases which he will make in 
Schenectady Albany and articles which he sends. 190 

17 Jacob W's Johnson and David Avery, missionaries, asking 
Fort Stanwix that the Indians may be secured in their lands for the 

better propagating of the Gospel among them. [Doc. 

Hist. N. Y. 4:390-91; Q, 4:245-46] 194. 

18 Geo. Croghan, mentioning his efforts to accelerate the 
Onidea progress of the Indian deputies. 191 




Oct. 18 Daniel Campbell about goods sent up in two bateaux, a 
Schenectady present of English cheese and limes, a letter to Gen. 
Gage, Gov. Penn's return journey and anxiety for 
Johnson's health. 16:192 

19 Jno. Brown, mentioning his pleasure and that of the vestry 
Schonactady a t a letter received from Johnson. [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 

4:387; Q, 4:244] A 93 

20 Rev. Jacob W's Johnson to Sir William Johnson, Gov. 
Fort Stanwix Franklin, the Rev. Mr Peters, Chief Justice Smyth, Col. 

Johnson and others, explaining his toast of the day 
before to the King, declaring his loyalty and also his 
purpose to resist tyranny. [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 4 1392-93 ; 
Q, 4:246-47] 195 

20 Col. John Bradstreet, concerning provisions required at 
Albany Fort Stanwix. 196 

21 Maj. Daniel Campbell about an interrupted journey, 
Albany blankets and strouds which he sends and 1000 dollars 

committed to the charge of a young man for Johnson. 197 

21 John Glen on the scarcity of provisions at Albany and 
Schonectady land bought by Col. Butler. 198 

22 Rev. Jacob W's Johnson, expressing apprehension of 
Fort Stanwix injury from the Senecas. [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 4:393; Q, 

4:247] 199 

23 Sir William Johnson to the Earl of Hillsborough, men- 
Fort Stanwix tioning obstacles to the boundary settlement interposed 

by the French and Spaniards, the delayed attendance 
of Shawanese, Delawares and Senecas, the great con 
sumption of food, Indian dissatisfaction, work of 
French and Spanish agents and their scheme for a 
Misisipi congress. [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 2 :9i2-i5 ; Q, 
2:528-30 and Doc. rel. to Col. Hist. N. Y. 8:104-6] 200 

23 John Levine, expressing his regret that an invitation to 

New York Johnson Hall is too late for acceptance. 201 

24 John Wolf Barelett, complaining that William Markell 
Stoneraby h as accused him of stealing wheat brought to Barelett's 

mill for grinding. 202 

25 Edward Cole, commissary, justifying the form and certi- 
Fort Chartres fkation of his accounts and the spirit in which he has 

executed his office, also mentioning Irequois, Shawanese 

and Deleware belts passing through the upper nations. 203 

25 Col. John Bradstreet, informing that 70 barrels of pro- 
Albany visions from New York will soon be forwarded. 204 

30 Jacob W's Johnson to Sir William Johnson, Gov. Frank- 
Fort Stanwix ii n> Col. Grahoon [Geo. Croghan?] and Col. Butler, 
asking that the Indians, specially the Onoida's may be 
preserved in the possession of their lands, in order that 
they may be reached by missionaries and teachers. 
[Dor. Hist. A". Y. 4-394; Q, 4:248] 205 



A mutilated scrap, containing remarks on Mr Hertel's 
right to reside in the village of St Regis. [In French; 

no date] 16 :2o6 

Oct. 31 Rev. Jacob W's Johnson to the chiefs of the Six Confed- 

Fort Stanwix erate Nations, announcing that the Rov. Dr Eleazer 

Wheelock, of Lebanon, is about to set up a college for 

the Indians, under the patronage of the King, the Earl 

of Dartmouth and others and proposing that the Indians 

furnish a site on or near the Mohawk. [Doc. Hist. 

N. Y. 4:395; Q, 4:248-49] 207 

Same to Sir William Johnson, asking that the Indians be 

[Fort informed that illness keeps him away from the congress. 

Stanwix] [Doc. Hist. N. Y. 4:391-92; Q, 4:246] 17:27 

Nov. 3 Gen. Gage to Lord Hillsboroug (extract), considering the 
Boston petition of Henry Bostwick and others for a grant of 

copper mines near Lake Superior ; giving the opinion 
that these mines would soon be exhausted and unless 
the ore is impregnated with gold, it would not pay to 
work them. 16 :2o8 

8 Rachel Wetherhead, informing that she sends a wench 
New York an d two children to Johnson Hall, besides a present of 

Virginia honey and a barrel of oysters. 209 

Q Dr Thomas Moffatt, mentioning reports that G. Murray 
N. London w ju come to N. England with a civil and military com 
mand and the regiments from Ireland have arrived in 
Boston; also an incident of the commemoration of the 
popish plot. 2if 

13 [Sir William Johnson] to Gen. Gage, mentioning diffi- 
Johnson Hall culties in the way of the boundary settlement, the at 
tendance of 3100 Indians, the expense and success of 

the congress. 211 

14 [Sir William Johnson] to Abraham Mortier, complaining 
Johnson Hall o f embarrassments experienced at Fort Stanwix from 

failure to receive money due to his department. 212 

15 Hillsborough, regarding the mischiefs wrought among 
Whitehall the Indians by French subjects, an inclosed copy of his 

Majesty's speech at the opening of Parliament, with 
the addresses of both Houses, and the birth of a 
princess. [Do