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1588, August 1 592, September. 

a 2 




K L I Z A B E T 11, 

1588, August 1 5 9 2, September. 





First published in 1885 on behalf of the Department of Scientific and 
Industrial Research 

Reprinted by permission of the Controller of Her Britannic Majesty's 
Stationery Office, London 


A Division of 




Printed in Germany 
Lessingdruckerei Wiesbaden 


CALENDAR, ELIZABETH, 1588, August 92, September - 

INDEX ..--- 




THE period of which this Volume treats is from 
August 1588 to September 1592. The last concluded just 
as the arrival of the Spanish fleet off the Lizard was 
announced, and this commences with full details of the 
disasters which befell the retreating Spaniards along all 
the west coast of Ireland, from the Giant's Causeway to 
Cape Clear, " where the ocean sea raiseth such a billow 
" as can hardly be endured by the greatest ships."* 

It will be well to notice a few of the incidents in their 
voyage from Corunna, whence they sailed on the 4f of 
July, till they changed their course " on the $ of August, 
" and steered for Spain."! 

Upon Friday, 19th July,J part of the Spanish Navy, to 
the number of 50 sail, was discovered about the Isles of 
Scilly hovering in the wind. 

On the 20th, the Admiral got forth with our Navy 
out of Plymouth, the wind being at south-west. 

On Sunday, the 21st, by an accident of fire happening 
in one of their great ships, about 120 men were blown up, 
the rest being compelled to leave her, and she was sent 
by Admiral Howard into the west parts of England. 

* Jan. 5, 1581-5, Vol. CXIV., No. 11. 

| For valuable information quoted here and elsewhere from a Spanish 
Narrative, I am indebted to the Life of Drake, by Sir John Barrow. 8vo. 
London, 1843. At page 287 Sir John describes this narrative as n 
manuscript in the Spanish language, and sent to a gentleman of the 
Admiralty from the archives of Madrid. 

J Domestic, Elizabeth, Vol. CCX1V., No. 42, i. 


The same day, the 21st, a large galleon, commanded by 
Don Pedro de Valdez, which, in tacking, fell foul of 
another ship and sprung her foremast, was left behind,* 
and being seen by Drake the next day, he sent a pinnace 
and summoned her to yield, when Don Pedro after some 
hesitation complied, and, coming on board Drake's ship, 
was received courteously and entertained in Drake's own 
cabin, while the galleon was sent on to Plymouth. 

On Tuesday, the 23rd, f the Lord Admiral chasing the 
enemy, who seemed more desirous to abide our force than 
before, fell in fight with them over against St. Alban's 
[Head] about five of the clock in the morning, and so 
continued with great force till late in the evening, when 
the wind coming to the south-west they began " to go 
room- wards." 

On Thursday, the 25th, over against Dunnose, part of 
the Isle of Wight, the Lord Admiral, espying Captain 
Probisher with a few ships to be in a sharp fight with the 
enemy, and fearing they should be distressed, did, with 
five of his best ships, bear up towards the Admiral of the 
Spanish Elect, and, so breaking into the heart of them, 
began a very sharp fight, being within "two or three 
score " one of the other, until they had cleared Captain 
Frobisher, and made them give place. 

'Upon Saturday, the 27th, about 8 o'clock at night, the 
Lord Henry Seymour, Admiral of the Narrow Seas, joined 
with the Lord Admiral Howard in Whitsand Bay, over 
against the cliffs of Calais, and anchored together, and 
the Spanish Fleet rode also at anchor to leewards of the 
Lord Admiral and nearer to Calais roads. 

Early on Monday morning, on the 29th of July, when 
the fire ships were discovered, and the cry was raised 

* Spjimsh Nunutivv. f Domestic', CCX1V., No. 42, i. 


among the Spaniards of " cut your cables, get up your 
anchors," a large galleass having lost her rudder was 
driven on the sands, where she was afterwards attacked 
by the Admiral's long boat commanded by the Lord 
Admiral's lieutenant, with 100 of his principal men, 
and after a stout resistance, Dom Hugo de Mont- 
caldo [Moncada], son of the viceroy of Valencia, and 
400 soldiers and rowers were drowned or put to the 
sword. The ship and guns, after the English had set 
free three hundred galley slaves and taken out 50,000 
ducats of gold, fell as a wreck to Monsieur Gourdan, 
the Governor of Calais. On the same day, the 29th 
of July,* there was much fighting, several of the 
Spanish ships were quite disabled, and many among 
their crews killed or wounded. The Bute of Medina 
Sidonia was desirous of turning against the English, and 
maintaining his position in the Channel, " but the pilots 
" declared it to be impossible against the wind and tide, 
" and that they must proceed into the North Sea, or be 
" driven on the shoals along the Flemish coast." 

The same day, the 29th, the Lord Admiral wrote to 
Walsyngham.f The Spaniards have been chased in fight 
till evening, and are much distressed. " Their force is 
wonderful great and strong," and yet we pluck their 
feathers by little and little. I pray to God that the forces 
on the land be strong " Anufe " [enough} to " aunser " 
[answer] so puissant a force. There is not one Flushingcr 
or Hollander at the seas. On the same day Drake wrote 
to the same, rejoicing " that God has given us so good a 
" day in forcing the enemy so far to leeward." J 

* Spanish Narrative. 

t Stale Papers, Domestic, Elizabeth, VoL CCX11L, No. 64. 

J Stale Papers, Domestic, Elizabeth, Vol. CCXIII., No. fi/>. 


Tuesday, the 30th,* one of the enemy's great ships was 
espied to be in great distress by Captain [Sampson] of 
Her Majesty's ship called the " Hope," who being in 
speech of yielding unto the said captain, before they could 
agree on certain conditions, sunk presently before their 

On the same day, the 30th July, Kichard Tomson writes 
to Walsyngham, from off the island of Walcheren, as 
follows :f On Saturday, the 27th, the Spaniards came to 
anchor off Calais, and the English following anchored to 
the windward of them. On Sunday at midnight the 
Admiral, having the wind and tide, sent certain ships on 
fire amongst them. They let slip their anchors and cables 
in confusion, fell foul of each other, and ran out to sea 
pursued by the English along the coast of Flanders. Out 
of 124 that anchored off Calais only 86 can be found. 

On the same day, viz., 30th July, Robert Cecil wrote to 
his father from Dover, J giving him the intelligence learned 
from a gentleman of Salamanca taken in the galleass 
stranded at Calais on the 29th. The Spaniards expect aid 
from Scotland, and wish to draw the English fleet north- 
wards in chasing them, to enable the Duke of Parma to 
land his forces in England. 

On Wednesday it is advertised that the 31st of July 
two of their great ships, being in distress and grievously 
torn in the fight, are taken by certain Hollanders and 
brought into "Flushing ; the principal person of the greatest 
of them is called Dom Piedmontello, being also one of the 
Maestri del Campo. 

* Dom., Vol. CCXIV., No. 42, i. 

f Domestic, Elizabeth, Vol. CCXIIl.,No. 67. 

J Vol. CCXIII., No. 06. Dom., Vol. CCXIV., No. 42, i. 


On the same clay, the 31st of July, Drake wrote to 
Walsyngham,* I am commanded to send these prisoners 
ashoref by my Lord Admiral (Lord Charles Howard), 
which would have ere this been long done, but that I 
thought their being here might have done something, 
which is not thought meet now. Let me beseech you that 
they may be presented to Her Majesty, either by your 
Honour or the Lord Chancellor Hatton, or both of you. 
The one Don Pedro [de Valdez] is a man of great estima- 
tion with the King of Spain, and thought next in this 
army to the Duke of [Medina] Sidonia. If they should 
be given from me unto any other it would be some grief 
to my friends. We have the army of Spain before us, and 
mind with the grace of God to " wressell a poull " with 
him. There was never anything pleased me better than 
the seeing the enemy flying with a southerly wind to the 
northwards. If we live, I doubt it not but ere it be long 
so to handle the matter with the Duke of Sidonia, as he 
shall wish himself at St. Mary Port among his orange 

On the same day, the 31st, the Armada continued its 
course to the North Sea, with the wind fresh from the 
south-west and much sea on.J 

Lord Charles Howard, the Lord High Admiral, wrote 
from aboard the Ark on the 7th of August to Walsyng- 

* Doin&stic, Elizabeth, Vol. CCXIIL, No. 73. 

f Don Pedro, in his letter to the King of Spain, quoted below, Domestic, 
Elizabeth, CCXV., No. 36, p. xiv., says, after 10 days space that I had been 
in Drake's company he sent me to London, and with me the captains of 
footmen, Don Alonzo de Sayas and Don Vasco de Mendosa y [Don 
Antonio] de Sylva [Selva] of Xerez, de los Cavalleros ; and the Queen, at 
bis request, sent us four leagues off to a gentleman's house called Richard 
Drake that is his kinsman, about 40 of the better sort are bestowed in 
divers houses in London, and the rest, together with the ship, were carried 
to Plymouth. 

J Spanish Narrative. Dom., Vol. CCXIV., No. 42. 


ham. We gave them chase until we had cleared our own 
coast and some part of Scotland of them, and then we 
made for the Fritli [of Forth] and sent certain pinnaces to 
dodge them until they should be past the Isles of Scotland, 
which I verily believe are " lefte " at their sterns ere 

On the 8th of August* the Lord Admiral wrote to Wal- 
syngham. I know not what you think of it at the Court, 
but I do think, and so do all here, that there cannot be too 
great forces maintained yet for five or six weeks on the seas. 
For although we have put the Spanish Fleet past the 
" Frythe, and I think past the Isles," yet God knoweth 
whether they go either to the Naze of Norway or into 
Denmark or to the Isles of Orkney to refresh themselves 
and so to return, for I think they dare not return with 
this dishonour and shame to their King. Sir, sure bind, 
sure find. A kingdom is a grand wager. Sir, you know 
security is dangerous. " An " [if] God had not been our 
best friend we should have found it so. I do warrant you 
all the world never saw such a force as " theirs " was, and 
some Spanish that we have taken that were in the fight 
at Lepanto [in 1571] do say that the worst of our four 
fights that we have had with them did exceed far the 
fight they had there, and they say that at some of our 
fights we had 20 times as much gun shot that played as 
they had there. 

On the same day, the 8th of August, f Sir Francis 
Drake wrote to the Queen as follows : " On Friday last, 
the 2nd of August, we left the army of Spain so far to 
the northwards as they could neither recover England nor 
Scotland, and within three days after we were entertained 

* Dom., Vol. CCXIV., No. 50. f Dom., Vol. CCXIV., No. 47. 

PREFACE. xili 

with a great storm, considering the time of the year. 
The which storm in many of our judgments hath not a 
little annoyed the enemy's army." 

On the 10th [Aug.]* he says to Walsyngham. Their 
ships, masts, sails, and ropes were very much spoiled hy 
our great shot. Then at Calais by fire we forced them to 
cut many of their cables, whereby they lost many of their 
anchors. Further, I assure your Honour, Her Majesty's 
good ships felt much of that storm, and lost many of their 
boats and pinnaces with some anchors and cables, yet 
were we fair by our own shore, and the [west] wind right 
off the land. We left a pinnace of Her Majesty's, the 
" Advice," [50 tons, 40 seamen, and nine guns, Captain 
John Harris], and a fine-carveU of my own to attend the 
Fleet of Spain when we left them ; but what is become of 
them in that great storm I know not. 

The Spanish narrative says, " "We continued our course 
" until we got through the Channel of the Sea of Norway ; 
" not being possible to return to the English Channel, 
" though it has been our desire to do so to the present 
" day, the ^fth of August, on which day, having doubled 
" the Islands of Scotland, we are steering for Spain with 
" the wind east-north-east." 

On the 14th of August the Lord Deputy Fytzwylliam 
wrote to the Privy Councilf in answer to theirs of the 
4th of July, which commanded him with all the speed and 
force he may to make his repair into Munster, and there 
remain with the adventure of his life, " which he will." 
He says but for such forces as' he may take with him there 
is not of them 300 of all sorts. He presently spreads 
abroad the comfortable news that the Lord Admiral 
Howard will land with 10,000 men if so occasion require, 

* Dom. Vol CCXIV., No. 65. f Page 4 of this volume. 


which will greatly encourage the few dutiful subjects, and 
abate the pride of the wicked sort, but he could rather 
have wished that 3,000 or 4,000 men had been here already, 
both to have daunted the traitorous sort and encountered 
the foreign enemy at his first landing. 

In his letter of 21st August to King Philip II., Don Pedro 
de Valdez describes his making terms on board Drake's 
ship : " The best conclusion that could be taken was the 
" safety of our lives and courteous entertainment, for 
" performance whereof he gave us his hand and word of 
" a gentleman."* 

On the 24th of Augustf Fytzwylliam writes to the 
Privy Council that the Spanish Fleet is now passed through 
the Narrow Seas. 

On the 26thJ of August Bingham writes to Burghley 
that we rejoice much in Her Majesty's victory against the 
Spanish Fleet. 

On Sept. 4th Sir John Hawkyns wrote from the Ark 
in the Downs to Burghley. He gives a list of all Her 
Majesty' ships that have arrived and met together in the 
Downs, with a note of their companies, being 4,453 men at 
this present. The companies do fall sick daily. Our ships 
are utterly unfitted and unmeet to follow any enterprise 
from hence without a thorough new trimming, refreshing 
and new furnishing with provisions, grounding, and fresh 

Let' us here contemplate the wreck and miseries 
which befel the Spaniards on the coast of Ireland, and the 
resistance ofiered to their landing by the obedient subjects 
there, together with the welcome offered them by some of 
the " bad disposed " and " wicked sort," and the measures 

* Domestic, Eliz. Vol. COX V., No. 36. f P. 7, Vol. CXXXVL, No. U. 
J Ib. No. 13. Domestic, Elizabeth, Vol. CCXVL, No. 3. 


of resistance taken by the Lord Deputy Fytzwylliam, the 
Governor of Connaught, and other chief officers, in 
obedience to the instructions they received from home. 

On the 5th September George Bingham, the Sheriff of 
Sligo, writes to Sir Richard Bingham* that John Fetigan, 
who came out of the barony of Carbrie, relates that he saw 
three great ships coming from the south-west and bearing 
towards O'Donnell's country, and took their course right 
to the harbour of Killibeggs, the next haven to Donegal. 
The country were determined once, upon the coming so 
near of those ships, to have fired their beacons. Some of 
the country people say that they saw yesterday about 
Aringlass (an open bay in O'Dowd's country in Tereragh, 
in the county of Sligo) six great ships. The son of 
O'Rourke, who lately ran away from Oxford, lieth upon 
the borders of his country with 200 men, and McGlanathie 
has made proclamation for all the wood-kerne to resort 
unto him and they shall have entertainment. 

On the 6th of September, f Dominick Ryesse, the Suffrein 
of Dingle Gush, writes to the Lord Deputy Fytzwylliam, or, 
in his absence, to Vice President Thomas Norreys, as 
follows, " Right Honourable. My duty always remem- 
" bered, these shall be to testify that here is arrived upon 
" Thursday in the afternoon, which was the 5th of Sep- 
" tember, in the Sound of Blasgay (Blasquets) which is 
" three miles westward of Dingle, two ships and a frigate, 
" and afore their arriving, they did send a boat ashore 
" and landed three of their men, and the boat, by the foul 
" weather was also afterwards set ashore with five other 
" men, my fortune being to b ... them, and took 
" them and examined them, and found they are Spaniards, 
" and part of the Fleet that came from Spain. Amongst 

Vol. CXXXVJ. No. 27, in. } Ibid., No. 24, i. 
P4i. b 


" the company that I took, there is a Scotsman who was 
" taken by them at sea, as he says, whom ~I examined 
" apart, who affirms that in the two ships and frigate 
" there is the number of 1,000 men, and the most part of 
" them are sick, destitute of victual, and in great ex- 
" tremity for want of knowledge, and also there is a 
" great galleass upon the coast which was in their com- 
" pany, and not seen by them these four days, which 
" hath 1,000 men. So it is, Eight Honourable, that I 
" have gathered so many as are in this hundred, as with 
" my townsmen I have interrupted their landing to my 
" power." 

On the 8th of September,* Nicholas Furlong, who 
was at the Groin [Corunna] when the Spanish Armada 
departed, says, in his examination, that the Armada went 
intending to take land at Mounts Bay, in Cornwall, and 
that the Duke of Parma with his force of 40,000 men was 
appointed to land in the Isle of Wight. But, if the 
Spanish Navy were disappointed of landing in Cornwall, 
then they would land in the Isle of Wight, together with 
the Duke of Parma's forces. Also the Duke of Guise 
should have sent 20,000 men to this action, and likewise 
the "King of Scots should be ready with 30,000 men to 
invade the north of England so soon as he should under- 
stand that the Spaniards had landed. The Spanish army 
would have sailed for Ireland if it had been delayed a 
fortnight later at the Groin, and would, in that case, 
have entered Waterford and Beare Haven, there to winter 
and abide till the next spring. The cause of deponent's 
knowledge is that Patrick Lynch, a master gunner in the 
Navy, who had all this news from his captain, imparted 
it to him, and also that one B/ochford, an Irish Jesuit, 

JJ.No. 27,i. 


who at tliat time died at the Groin, discovered at his 
death to certain Irishmen, his countrymen, that the 
Spanish forces were not above 22,000 men of all sorts in 
the Fleet that left the Groin. There were 500 Englishmen 
and Irishmen in the Armada. 

On the 8th of September* George Fannyng, the Mayor 
of Limerick, wrote to Alexander Brywer, the Mayor of 
Waterford : Mr. Mayor, there be 11 Spanish ships upon 
the coast. It is thought that they are the Fleet " that 
have been in Flanders" with the army, and returning 
home to Spain, are beaten by weather to the coast of 
Ireland. Nevertheless I thought good to certify your 
worship thereof. Limerick, in haste. The letter whereof 
this is a copy was received at 12 o'clock at noon on the 
9th of September. 

On the 8th September! Captain Richard Hovenden and 
Henry Hovenden wrote to the Lord Deputy from Berte 
Castle. Two days past Sir John O'Dogherty sent us word 
that some Spaniards were landed in his country. We 
have received assured word of their landing to the number 
of 600 or 700 at least, and they give out that they mean 
to draw towards Galway. These Spaniards were driven 
by stress of weather into a creek named Glanganvey, where 
their ship is drowned with 200 or 300 men in her. It is 
said O'Dogherty himself has had an interview with them. 
There are 11 sail in another creek near McSweeny Ne 
Doe's country. We are 150 men, and will be doing 
with the Spaniards as we may find advantage, although 
we are in doubt whether the country be true to us 
or not. 

On the saine day, the 8th, f the Earl of Tirone wrote to 
the Lord Deputy from Dungannon. I let you understand 

* R. No. 30. i. f I1>. No. 36, in. Ib. 36, iv. 

b 2 

xviii PREFACE. 

that I am providing for all my forces, and I am now with- 
out any help saving O'Donnell and myself, for " I have 
" no trust in no man in this quarter," and I desire to 
know of your Honour what I shall do. I mean to draw 
all the creates [kereates] near up, and such forces as I am 
able to make, to be in a readiness. And I desire your Lord- 
ship's answer what I shall do. All the soldiers that are in 
the North are drawing near to the Spaniards, but they 
lack munition. Please to send two or three barrels of 
powder. [Note signed by Fytzwilliam ; I received these 
letters upon Wednesday the llth of September 1588, 
after 10 of the clock at night.] 

In his examination on Monday the 9th of September* 
Petrus Baptista of Naples, purser of the galleass called 
" Sumiga," states that the Armada sailed from the haven 
of the city of Corney [Corunna] about [Friday] the ^f of 
July, and " upon the Saturday after " [it was on the f % of 
July], descried the land of England, and did see the 
English Navy about evening of the same day afar off, and 
Sunday morning [21 July] betimes, the English Navy 
began to fight with them, and in that fight Don Pedro de 
Valdez, a noble Spaniard, the third principal captain of 
the Spanish army was taken prisoner. This examinate 
was taken in Ireland in manner following, viz., one of the 
galleass's boats did slip away, and being blown to land the 
Sheriff did cause it to be burned, fearing lest they should 
recover the same again, and shortly after they did set forth 
another boat, wherein this examinate, because he can speak 
Latin, was sent, accompanied with a gentleman whom he 
doth term Patronus Navis, and others, peaceably without 
weapons, feigning themselves to be merchants, in hope 
the rather to get flesh and water for money without sus- 

* lb. 43, v. 


picion, and as this exammate and the gentleman came out 
of the boat they that were ashore presently laid hands 
upon the said examinate. The gentleman seeing his 
fellow so tiken leapt suddenly into the boat amongst his 
fellows, and got away to the galleass ; there are many oars 
upon the same, and lieth out against Dogh i Conor in the 
barony of Corcomroe. The master of the galleass, with 
two or three more, are dead since they came to this 

On the 10th of September* Edward Keys, the Constable 
of the Blackwater, wrote to the Lord Deputy. I am 
informed of a certainty that there are landed in. Sir John 
O'Dogherty's country! a ten sail of the Spaniards. I ad- 
vertise you thereof according to my duty. Written at 
8 o'clock at night. 

On the 12th of SeptemberJ Edward "Whyte wrote to his 
brother Stephen Whyte of Limerick, alderman, that there 
arrived in the harbour of Sligo three ships, but as it is 
thought they are departed ; there arrived also certain of 
them in " Tirawly " and some in " Irrisse," [Innish] also 
three at the isles of Arran, whereof there is one come into 
the bay within a mile of the common road of Galway, ot 
200 tons, one at " Lysemore," Sir Turlough O'Brien's place, 
and 8 in your harbour. [Side note : These seem to be 
those ships which were in the Shannon, for that is the 
entry of the haven of Limerick where Stephen Whyte 
dwelleth.] Whether these are of such as were in the 
overthrow upon the coast of England or not we know not. 
There is a ship of 900 tons of those which came to "Irrisse'" 

* Ib. 36, i. 

f That is between Lough Foyle and Lough Swilly. 

+ Ibid. 43, XL, and 41, vr. 

We have two copies of this letter both made in great haste to send to 
England. 1 have not attempted to rectify the names of places which 
differ, but have here given tlie various readings in brackets, irrisse is the 
barony of Erris in Mayo. Innish is altogether wrong. 

2 * 


[Innishe] cast up upon the sands at Ballycroohie, 13 of 
their gentlemen are taken, tlje rest to the number of 
400 of the men of that ship are come to land, and do, as 
we hear, fortify at Ballycroohie ; there was also another of 
those ships, cast away at the island of Clere in " Irrisse " 
[Innishe], 68 of their men are drowned and slain, all the 
powder in the great ship of 900 tons was spoiled, and the 
men greatly distressed for want of victuals and fresh water ; 
there is another great ship cast away in Tirawly, 72 of her 
men are taken by William Burke of Ardnerie [Ardnerry], 
and a bishop and a friar, and of the said number there be 
three noblemen, and most of all the rest of the men of that 
ship are either slain or drowned, for as it is written to Sir 
B/ichard [Bingham] they were so miserably distressed 
coming to land, as one man, named " Melaghlen McCabb," 
killed 80 of them with his galloglas axe. We hear of none 
of the country which hath joined with them. I hope they 
will be all true, for as yet they have served well against 
them. I pray God confound them all that are Her 
Majesty's enemies, of what nation soever they be, and 
preserve her Highness from all dangers, and her faithful 
subjects from the tyranny of merciless strangers. The 
Governor [Bingham] will shortly set forth to rouse these 
fellows which do fortify, wherein you shall understand 
there is none that fortifieth but those who have lost their 
ships. I think the rest will return to their country, for 
they shall never be able to do us any great hurt, although 
they may, perhaps, keep us occupied a little, and so trouble 
us for a time. I pray God keep you there from their 
violence ; commend me to all my friends. 

In his examination of 12 September* Emanuel Fremoso, 
a Portuguese, who was in the flag ship of the Admiral 

* 76. No. 42, i. 


Don John Martinez di Bicaldo, saith that when they came 
forth there were 800 soldiers, and for mariners there were 
60 Portuguese and 40 Biscayans. The ship was the largest 
of the whole Fleet. He saith they were in all at their 
coming forth 135 sail, whereof four were galleasses, four 
gallies, and nine victuallers. He saith after their de- 
parture from the Groin about eight days [viz., from Friday 
12th to Saturday the 20th of July] the Fleet came to the 
Lizard, where they all struck sail for the night, and next 
morning they saw the English Fleet, whereupon they hoisted 
sail. He saith in the first fight, north-east of the Lizard, 
his ship lost 15 men. He saith they anchored off Calais 
where, through the firing of the English [fire] ships, they 
were driven to leave their anchors and to depart, so that 
each of the ships lost two anchors at that place. The next 
morning, Monday, the [29th of July] the fight began about 
8 o'clock and continued for eight hours along the Channel 
towards the north. After which fight the General [the Duke 
of Medina Sidonia] took account of the whole Navy, and 
found there were left 120 sail of the whole Fleet, but of his 
own sight he saw not passing 85. He saith they were 
pursued by the English about five days after this fight, 
northward out of sight of any land. He saith that about 
four days after the English Fleet left them, the whole Fleet 
remaining came to an island off the north part of Scotland, 
where they stayed not nor had any relief, but at this place 
the General called all the ships together, giving them in 
charge that they should haste them to the first place they 
could get to, of the coast of Spain or Portugal. He saith 
that out of his ship there died four or five every day of 
hunger and thirst. After this for about 10 days the whole 
Fleet held together towards Spain. About 21 days past 
they were severed by it great storm, which lusted from. 
4 p.m. to 10 a.m. the next day, in which storm the 


Admiral came away with 27 sail, but what is become of 
the rest of the Fleet he cannot tell. Again about 10 days 
past they had another great storm with a mist, by which 
they were again severed, so that of these 27 sail there came 
unto the coast of " Dengen e Choushe " [Dingle Gush] but 
the Admiral, another ship of 400 ton, and a bark of about 
40 ton, and what is become of the rest of those 27 sail he 
knoweth not. He saith that of all sorts there be now 
remaining in the Admiral [called Don John of Oporto] 
near about 500, of whom there be 25 Biscayans and 40 
Portuguese who are mariners, the master being very sick 
and one of the pilots. There are 80 soldiers and 20 mariners 
in the Admiral very sick, and do lie down and die daily, 
and the rest he saith are all very weak, and the cockswain 
very sad and weak. 

He saith they were so near the coast before they found 
it out, that by the violence of the strong westerly wind 
they were not able to double out from it. There is in this 
Admiral's (ship) but 25 pipes of wine and very little bread, 
and no water, but what they brought out of Spain, which 
stinketh marvellously, and their flesh meat they cannot eat 
their drought is so great. He saith no part of the Navy 
ever touched upon any land, until the time they came to 
Dingle Gush, nor hath had any water, victual, or other 
relief from any coast since the English Fleet left off the 
pursuit of them. He saith that when they lay before 
Calais there came a pinnace to their Fleet from the Duke 
of Parma, who told them that the Duke could not be 
ready for them until the Friday following [viz., Aug. 2.] 
But by reason of this fight of the English Fleet with them, 
they were not able to tarry there so long. The Admiral's 
purpose is upon the first wind that serveth to pass away 
for Spain. He saith there be of principal men in the 
Admiral, Don John de Luna, a Spaniard, who is chief 

PREFACE. xxiii 

captain of the soldiers of that ship, Don Gomes, a Spaniard, 
and Don Sebastian, a Portuguese. He saith he thinketh 
that the Duke [de Medina Sidonia] is passed towards 
Spain for that he was seen some 12 leagues more westerly 
than the Admiral was, in the first storm. He saith that 
the great galleon which came from the Duke of Florence 
was never seen since they were in the fight at Calais. He 
saith the people of the galleasses were most spoiled by the 
English Fleet. 

While it was thus an evil time for the "Invincible 
Armada," it was far from fair weather in the English Fleet, 
the Lord Admiral Howard writing to the Privy Council 
from Dover on the 22nd of August, says, upon my coming 
hither on the 21st at 3 p.m.* I presently sent for the 
Lord Henry Seymour, Sir William Wynter, Sir Francis 
Drake, Sir John Hawkyns, and others, to consider of Her 
Majesty's service. As I left some of the ships of the 
Fleet infected at my coming up, so now I find that the 
most part of the Fleet is grievously infected and die daily, 
falling sick in the ships by numbers. It is thought to be 
a very plague. We find that the fresh men that we draw 
into our ships are infected one day and die the next, so as 
many of the ships have hardly men enough to weigh their 
anchors, for my Lord Thomas Howard, my Lord Sheffield, 
and five or six other ships, being at Margate, and the 
wind ill for that road, are so weakly manned by reason of 
this sickness and mortality, as they were not able to 
weigh their anchors to come. 

On the 13th of September,f Gerald Comerford writes to 
Sir Bichard Bingham, I have stayed within the view of the 
ship that was here at Pollilly by Torrane before, till I saw 

* Domestic, Elisabeth, Vol. CCXV., No. 41. 
t Vol. CXXXVL, No. 43, iv. 

xxiv PREFACE. 

both the company of the said ship and of the ship that is 
here, joined together and entered into one ship, and this 
present morning took the sea bag and baggage, towards 
the south-west. The ship that is here aground is %ell 
stored of great pieces, and other munition, wine and oil, 
and many other things under water. Here are no boats 
able to come by them, neither is it possible to take any 
thing of any great value out of the same as yet. 

James Blake and others have taken a boat full of trea- 
sure out of the ship. Prays Bingham that if they be taken 
they may be put up safe, and not bailed, as he wishes to 
charge them with disloyalty, for they have disobeyed his 
commandment given them in writing, and beaten and 
wounded his people, which offence he hopes will be 
punished. He then adds, this part of the coast is 
clear and there is no ship here remaining, saving one that 
hath no cock boat, at Bealingly, and they can put no 
man ashore, and I have given commandment to the 
country people that none should go to rescue them. I 
have gone into Irris with the rest of my company, being a 
40 or 50 in company, having not above "fower'' of this 
country people, hoping to light upon some that straggled 
from the Spaniards left by them ashore. Because the 
Spaniards are gone, the country people here make a show 
of great loyalty. I hope your worship by this [time] is 
upon the borders near at hand, and if you be, it were not 
amiss that you should make towards Inyre in Irris, where 
there is a ship cast away, and all the goods saved. In 
this ship that is here, one " Dondelango," was the prin- 
cipal man, and as I do learn the leader of the whole army. 
I understand your worship hath great forces coming, if 
there be not causes administered in the county of Sligo, 
you need not for this county, if it be not Tyrawly, for 
they are fled and gone to sea here hence. I will go pre- 

PREFACE. . xxv 

sently to Tyrawly, and will advertise your worship from 

On Sunday morning the 15th of September* Sir Richard 
Bingham, Thomas Dillon, Chief Justice in Connaught, 
Captains Anthony Brabazon and Nathaniel Smythe wrote 
to the Lord Deputy Eytzwylliam : Since my last from 
Donmore, the house of the Lord Bermingham of Athanry, 
we ha ve proceeded thus far on our way, namely to Castle 
McGarret within the county of Mayo, and 24 miles 
from Erris, where we received these inclosed adver- 
tisements from Mr. [Gerald] Comerford. All the 
Spaniards who were at Torrane are embarked in " the one 
great ship " and gone to sea, so this service now is at a 
good end, unless this south-west wind do blow them back 

To-morrow we will hold on our journey as far as 
Donnamonie, and it may be beyond, to re-settle those 
parts, and to order such things as have been disquieted by 
means of the arrival of these strangers. And albeit there 
may be some commodity got by a kind of " pilling " 
out of "this last ship," yet having a greater care 
for the general service, we do mind to return back 
and take our journey by Gal way into Thomond, where the 
places of most danger be now as we suspect. And there- 
fore in our opinions we hold it most convenient that all 
such forces as were written for hither should be diverted 
the next way for Limerick, doubting lest that these men 
escaped from hence, may fall into that river where a good 
strength of their fellows be before them. Eor now that 
these 1,400 are gone, and the three ships cast away at 
Sligo, we do not presently mistrust of any further cause to 
use extraordinary forces, without it be that these lately 

* Ibid. No. 43, in. 

xxvi PREFACE. 

departed hence, or some of these 26 sails which were seen 
in McSweeny Ne Doe's country, by this contrary wind be 
thrown again upon these coasts, otherwise we may well 
perceive they have no intent to land if they can choose ; 
but we stand not thoroughly resolved of the state of things 
in Sligo, which is partly the cause why we proceed on at 
all, but the certainty we shall know this day or to- 
morrow. And those companies, if your Lordship think 
good being drawn to Limerick, shall be indifferent near 
to answer the service either on Thomond side or Munster. 
We would be loth to breed any garboils or trouble within 
this province by drawing in of soldiers, more than of 
necessity we must, and at this time especially for hindering 
the collection of the province revenues. The ships which 
now have been cast away in several parts within Con- 
naught that we know, are to the number of 10, whereof 
four great ones, the least of 700 or 800 tons. It is very 
likely that once this day I may hear that these ships 
within the mouth of the Shannon be put to sea, and gone 
for Spain also, and then have I little to do in this action 
but to husband what I may of this spoil, to Her Majesty's 
profit, which I doubt will be small, except the great 
artillery ; and for the saving whereof I will give present 
order to the several parts of the province where the ships 
were cast away, to use all diligence that may be, and will 
send men of purpose to assist the country in doing thereof. 
Also I' will send some sufficient gentleman with some 
strength into Dowdarraugh [Roe] O'Malie's [country] to 
recover that prisoner Don Pedro de Mendosa if I may. 
And what shall be further done I will presently advertise 
unto you. 

As I had written thus much I received this inclosed 
letter from William Martin of Galway, whereby your 
Lordship may perceive that there is another ship cast 

PREFACE. xxvii 

away in Sir Morough Ne Doe O'Flaherty's country, which 
now makes 11 ships in all, that we are assured have 
been lost upon these coasts, and more there hath been cast 
away no doubt. And truly it is very like that the most 
part of these ships which are escaped hence and gone for 
Spain will hardly recover home ; their ships are so bruised 
and beaten, and the men so weak and miserable. 

On the 30th of September* Edward Whyte the clerk of 
the Council in Connaught wrote to Walsyngham. I was 
abroad all the while the Spaniards remained upon this 
coast, attending in my place upon the Governor of this 
province. I have thought it my bounden duty to make a 
Collection of such things as happened during that time 
and to send it unto you, wherein you shall see the great 
care which the Governor hath taken for the defence of the 

In this discourse of the overthrow and wreck of the Spanish 
Fleetf inclosed by Edward Whyte it is stated that, upon Tuesday 
the 10th of September, there blew a most extreme wind and cruel 
storm, the like whereof hath not been seen or heard a long time. 
On Wednesday, the llth of September, it was written that the 
ship which rode before Bally cro why the day before, was cast upon 
the sands, and that her men to the number of 600 came aland, and 
entered into the castle of Ballycrowhie, and began to fortify about 
them. Don Alonzo de Leva, a nobleman of Spain, was chief 
captain of the said company. Two days before this ship was lost 
the master [called Giovanni Avancinj] and 14 Italian mariners 
went ashore in the cockboat, which they abandoned and marched 
through the country, but Kichard Burke, called " the Devil's son," 
meeting them took them prisoners and spoiled them of all they had. 
The cockboat being ashore, Don Alonzo de Leva and his company 
were compelled to set men aland upon empty casks [and other 
devices] to fetch her again, whereby they saved themselves from 
drowning when the ship was distressed. 

Sir Richard Bingham also received advertisements from Mr. 
George Bingham the younger, and Robert ; Malley upon Thursday 

* Vol. CXXXVI. No. 57. f 11. 57, i. 

xxviii PREFACE. 

the 12th [correct] September that the great ship which was at the 
Isle of Clear was cast away with 700 men in her and clean sunk 
to the bottom of the sea, saving 100 men who had landed in the 
island two days before, the chief of whom was Don Pedro de 
Mendoza [the captain], as it is said, who perceiving that their ship 
was lost, would have departed from the island, and carried with 
them certain boats, belonging to the islanders, and have gone to 
the other ships which rode before Torrane, but one Dowdary Roe 
O'Malley, chief of the island, perceiving whereabout they intended 
to go, called his men together, and put them all to the sword, 
saving one poor Spaniard and an Irishman of the county of 
Wexford. They brought a great quantity of treasure to the island 
which came to Dowdaryes [Diodorowe's] hands. 

At 10 o'clock on the 13th of September the Governor Sir R. 
Bingham took [his horse] at Athlone, and rode that night to 
Sir Hubert McDavie's house of Glynske. And befing come] three 
miles in his journey, he received letters in the great pass from his 
brother, Mr. George Bingham [the elder] importing that the three 
ships which were at anchor in the Bay of Sligo were distressed and 
cast away upon the coast of Carbry, betwixt Sligo and Bundrowes 
[and] a thousand men and upward drowned in them, and seven 
score of such as came aland [and] escaped drowning were executed 
by himself. There escaped divers others out [of those] ships, 
which being stript and spoiled by the country people, they let 
them go at liberty withfersoever they] list, who coming to Sir 
Brian O'Rourke's country, were by him gladly received and [newly] 
apparelled and relieved. The said Sir Brian being earnestly written 
unto, to send them to [the] Governor, hath utterly refused so to do, 
but standing upon very undutiful terms after his [wonted] manner 
hath kept them about himself, and did new furnish them with 

Having ridden about half a mile further, Sir R. Bingham received 
other advertisements f[rom the] sheriff of the county of Clare and 
the rest of the commissioners there, and from cer[tain of] his own 
gentlemen, whom he sent thither before, for the service of Her 
Majesty, that two of the ships which were at anchor thereabouts 
were cast away by the tempest which fell the Tuesday before, viz., 
one at Downbeg [Dunbeg] in the river of Limerick [the Shannon] 
and another at Tromra [Trumree], in the barony of Ibraccan, aiid 
above a thousand men drowned in them, and that three hundred 
who escaped to land were taken prisoners and put to the sword, 

PREFACE. xxix 

according to his worship the Governor's instructions, whereof his 
worship at the same very instant certified the Lord Deputy, from 
the place where he received the same advertisements. At the end 
of the pass the Chief Justice of the province, Thomas Dillon, met 
him with his own men well furnished, and did accompany him all 
the journey. From thence they rode together to McDavy's house, 
where Captain Anthony Brabazon, one of the Council of the pro- 
vince, Captain Nathaniel Smyth e, and Mr. George Goodman came 
to him with certain horsemen. The next morning, being Saturday, 
the 14th of September,* he took his journey from Glynske to 
Castle McGeralte, and by the way Henry Malbie, Esq., met him with 
a good company of horsemen of the Lordship of Roscommon and 
certain other gentlemen, who came to give their attendance upon 
his worship in that service. And being come on his journey as far 
as the Lord Bermingham's house, called Downemore [Dunmore], he 
received letters from Mr. Comerford declaring that the 600 who 
were at Ballycrowhie were -conveyed to the castle of Torane, a 
very strong place, and there joined with 800 more, who came 
out of another great ship which lay at anchor in the road of 
Torane, and that being 1,400 in all, they entered into the same 
castle, and made show as though they intended to fortify in that 
place. Upon the receipt of these letters, the Governor (Bingham) 
despatched a messenger to the Lord Deputy Fitzwylliam signifying 
the .same, and desired that Sir George Bowrehier's and Captain 
. . . . Sent Leger's two bands of footmen might be sent to 
him for his better assistance to attempt the winning of the castle of 
Torane and resist the enemy in their further attempts, as occasion 
should be ministered ; but at his coming to Castle McGeralte, he 
received other letters from the said Comerford, certifying that they 
were all shipped and gone to sea at noon the same day in the great 
ship which lay at anchor there, and that there was another great 
ship with 500 men cast away at Inver, the farthest part of " Irrysse," 
and all the rest of the ships which lay thereabouts gone to sea, 

* Saturday was the 14th, but Edward Whyte's discourse correctly gives 
Tuesday as the 10th, and Wednesday the llth of September, yet in this and 
one or two more dates he mukes the mistake of a day, writing here the 15th 
instead of the 14th. He sent this with all haste to Walsyngham, but 
the next document, No. 58, is an improved discourse, and in that we have 
all these dates given with the greatest accuracy, and we adopt them in this 


saving one which lost her cockboat, and no further danger to be 
feared that way. And that two great ships were sunk at Burris- 
hoole [Boryesowle] and nine hundred men. Hereupon the 
Governor despatched another messenger to the Lord Deputy with 
sure advertisements thereof, to stay the former bands from coming 
to the province [which he] wrote for before, and to prevent all 
other occasions, which upon his former letters from D[ownemore] 
might breed any charges to Her Majesty or the country. 

The next morning being Sunday the 15th, he and his whole 
company came to .... Dwnemony [Donnemony] where 
they camped, and there directed his letters to the officers near the 
sea to know the state of everything amongst them, that upon all 
occasions he might be ready to answer them. Here he was 
advertised from William Martyne, of Galway, and Teige [Ne Bully] 
O'Flaherty, son to Sir Morough Ne Doe O'Flaherty, that two other 
great ships were cast away in O'Flaherty 's country, viz., one under 
Sir Morough and another under Teige Ne Bowlye O'Flaherty, with 
600 men in them, viz., 200 in the one and 400 in the other. It 
was also certified that the Duke of Medina Sidonia himself was in 
that great ship which rode at Torane, and that the ship had a great 
leak at her departing, and further it was told his worship that the 
same night it went to sea certain great pieces were heard to shoot 
off in the land, whereby in all men's opinions the same ship was lost 
or sunk at that instant. Upon Monday the 16th of September, it 
was thought good by the Governor and Council, forasmuch as many 
of the Spaniards who escaped shipwreck were kept by divers gentle- 
men and others of the province, and used with more favour than 
they thought meet, to set forth a proclamation, upon pain of death, 
that every man who had or kept any of them should presently 
bring them in, and deliver them to Robert Fowle, the Provost 
Marshal, the justices of peace, the sheriffs, or other head officers, or 
else that any man who should detain any of them above four hours 
after the publication of the said proclamation to be held and 
reputed as a traitor, which he published in every place for avoiding 
of further peril. Whereupon Teige Ne Bully O'Flaherty and many 
others brought their prisoners to Galway, and for that there were 
many Spaniards brought to the town of Galway from other parts 
of the province, besides those which the townsmen had taken 
prisoners beffore, he] despatched Robert Fowle, the Provost Mar- 
shal, Captain Nathaniel Smythe and John Byrte [thither] with 
warrant and commission to put them all to the sword, saving the 

PREFACE. xxxi 

noblemen or such [principal] gentlemen as were among them, and 
afterwards to repair to O'Flahcrty's country [to make] earnest 
search who kept any Spaniards in their hands [and to] execute 
them in like manner, and take view of the great ordnance, munition, 
and oth[er] things which were in the two ships that were lost in 
that country, and see how it might be sa[ved for] the use of Her 
Majesty. Whereupon they executed 300 men at Galway. He also 
despatched his cousins George Bingham, the younger, Francis 
Bingham and Robert [Coker], gentleman, and Captain Grene 
O'Molloy, with commission to them and to Mr. Comerford and 
Mr. Browfne of] the Neale for the like execution and search to be 
made in the baronies of the 0[wles] and Irrysse, and to see how the 
great ordnance and munition might [be] saved. 

Having set these things in order, he received advertisements from 
the Sheriff of Thomond, and from William Martyne that all the 
ships which were upon that coast were [gone to] sea, whereupon 
he directed commission to Sir Turlough O'Brien, Captain [Mor- 
daunt] the sheriff, and Edward Mostyn, for the execution of all the 
prisoners and stragglers [which were] yet reserved or concealed 
there, and take care how the great ordnance might be saved. And 
also sent one John Gorwey to Tyrawly to f [ind out] such Spaniards 
as were yet kept alive in Tyrawly, and sent the former proc[lama- 
tion] to his brother George Bingham to the county of Sligo, with the 
like instructions] which he gave to others for execution of the 
prisoners, and finding out and viewing of the [great] ordnance, 
munition, and such other things as might be saved. 

And forasmuch as the Earl of Clanricard was not as yet come to 
him with his forc[es and] that there was no cause now to employ 
him, for that the enemy was departed and distressed, he wrote to 
his Lordship to dismiss his company and tarry at home. In the 
afternoon of this day Cotgrave, the pursuivant at arms, came with 
letters from the Lord Deputy and Council, which were answered 
the same night. 

The 17th of September, word was brought to the Governor, that 
one of the great ships which lay before Torane, was driven back 
with a contrary wind, but afterwards put to sea again. 

This day, in the evening, being Wednesday, the 18th, he re- 
ceived advertisements] from all the remote parts of the province, 
and the several shires and places near the sea, [that] as many of 
the Spanish Fleet as escaped shipwreck were departed [and] no 

P41. , c 

xxxii PREFACE. 

further cause of any doubt of their invasion to be feared at that 
time, which was advertised to the Lord Deputy. 

Upon Thursday, the 19th of September, the Governor rode from 
Downemony to the [Owles] to give direction there for the doing 
and performance of certain services, and returned back to Downe- 
mony again. Here he did understand by one of the Spaniards 
who was brought prisoner out of [Irrishe] that Maurice Fitz Gerald, 
.son to the late Archtraitor James Fitzmaurice, was d[ead in] the 
great ship which lay before Torane, and cast into the sea in a fair 
cypress ch[est with] great solemnity. 

Upon Friday, the 20th of September, his worship removed from 
Downemony to Kyllnemannaghe, and from thence took his 
journey the next day, being the 21st, to Galway, and came thither 
about 3 o'clock in the afternoon. At which time he called Don 
Lewis de Cordova before him and all the rest of the prisoners, 
which were not put to the sword before, to the number of 
40 persons, which he commanded to be executed, saving 10 of 
the best of them, whom he committed to the custody of divers 
gentlemen, till the Lord Deputy should have resolved what to do 
with them. Having made a clear despatch of them, both within 
the town and in the country, he rested Sunday all day, giving 
thanks to Almighty God for Her Majesty's most happy success in 
that action, and our deliverance from such dangerous enemies. 

Upon Monday morning, being the 23rd, he departed from the 
town of Galway, and having left all things in good order, both 
within the town and in every place else where he travelled, he 
dismissed such gentlemen and others as attended upon him in 
this journey, and so came to Athlone, upon Tuesday following. 
And doubting that Sir Brian O'Rourke or any other in the county 
of Sligo, or the borders thereof, would, with the help of such few 
Spaniards as they have kept alive, attempt any stir or rebellion 
to disquiet the country, he appointed his band of footmen to repair 
to Ballimote, to be ready there at his brother George Bingham's 
direction, to defend the country, and bridle the said Sir Brian 
O'Rourke upon all occasions that might happen. 

There were lost in all places upon the coasts of Connaught and 
Thomond by shipwreck and fire as follows : 

Great ships lost by shipwreck, 9. Ship burned, 1. Spaniards 
drowned in the sea, 5,600. Spaniards slain and put to execution, 
which escaped out of the ships that were lost, 1,100. Ships sunk 
to our knowledge, 3. And 2 more said to be sunk a seaboard the 


Out Isles, besides many other ships which were sunk and 
drowned upon the islands of this province and other places of the 
realm, as well in Connaught as in Ulster and Munster, so as in 
the opinion of some of the best shipmasters of that Fleet, which 
were taken prisoners and executed, it is not like that twenty ships 
of all the whole fleet should return into Spain. For besides those 
that were taken, and that perished both in the Narrow Seas and 
here upon the coast of Ireland, most of their ships had many leaks 
and wanted victuals and fresh water, and very sore rent, torn, and 
battered in many places, and bulged under water in such wise, as 
very few can hold out any long time. 

[It is to be noted that this document No. 57 I. is much damaged, 
but the damaged and missing words have been supplied from No. 

On the 22nd of October,* William Taaffe wrote that 
McSweeny killed 40 of the best Spaniards as soon as the 
rest were gone a-shipboard. 

On the [24] October, f Sir John O'Dogherty complained 
to the Lord Deputy that McSweeny, having subsisted 
3,000 Spaniards till his own country is consumed, directs 
the Spaniards for hate, into his country to consume it. 
Prays for help against them. 

On the 26th of October,J Captain Nicholas Merriman 
wrote that the Spanish ship which went from McSweeny's 
country for the Out Isles of Scotland was wrecked on the 
18th of October, and that 260 dead bodies were driven to 
the shore by the rough weather. Sorley Boy McDonnell 
has taken up sundry butts of wine for his use which were 
among the wreckage near Dunluce. 

On the same day, the 26th of October, Mr. Henry 
Duke advertised, that the McSweenys affirmed that the 
Spaniards remaining in their country were 2,400. They 
have left with McSweeny an Irish friar called James Ne 
Dowrough, who went into Spain with James Fitz Maurice. 

* Vol. CXXXVII. 41, ii. f 16. 39, iv. J Ib. 48, i. 

Page 64, No. 39, vr. 

c 2 

xxxiv PREFACE. 

On the same day, the 26th of October,* William Browne 
of Waterford states in his examination that the 16th of 
May last he was pressed at Lishon out of a ship called the 
" Sunday," to serve in one of the King's ships, called the 
"Saint Anne," of St. Sebastians, Captain O'Candy, a 
dweller at St. Sehastians, and so sailed thence to Corunna, 
where certain of the Fleet was, in numher 200 sail. From 
thence they sailed to the coast of England, and having 
sighted the Land's End, passed along the coast where they 
met ahout Plymouth seven sail of English ships, which 
gave them chace. Within three hours after they saw 
50 sail coming, wherein was the Lord Admiral Howard 
and Sir Francis Drake, who gave them chace till they 
came to Calais Roads, in which time they lost certain 
ships and a galleass ; and heing at anchor at Calais 
Roads, certain of Her Majesty's ships drove them from 
their anchor-hold with fire works, and so they sailed 
along the coast towards the North Foreland. In that 
course they lost divers of their ships. From thence they 
sailed with the Duke of Medina Sidonia and 50 ships 
in company ahout Scotland and Ireland. Of which 50 
sail, heing come within 20 leagues of the coast of Spain, 
we arrived at Passages in Biscay two sail; and as 
we did understand the Duke of Medina Sidonia arrived 
at Santander with two or three sail, and others in several 
ports to the number of 25 sail. And as this deponent 
heard by the captains, soldiers, and companies reported, 
that they would come into Ireland the next summer and 
land at Cape Clear. The cause of his knowledge was for 
that he was aboard the said ship called the " St. Anne " 
during the said voyage. And departing secretly from 
them towards Bourdeaux, by the way met with a ship of 

* Vol. CXXXVH. No. 39, v. 

PREFACE. xxxv 

West Chester at St. Jean de Luz, bound for England, and 
so obtained their good wills to come with them into 
England, and so came to Holyhead, where he met with an 
English bark bound for Ireland, and so landed here at 
Dublin the 25th of October. This examinate further saitli 
that the Duke de Medina Sidonia never touched this coast 
of Ireland. 

It is thus well established by these papers that the Duke 
de Medina Sidonia never landed in Scotland or Ireland, or 
anywhere else after he gave up the enterprise on the 10th 
of August, and changed his course to steer for Spain, till 
he landed at Santander long before the 25th of October, 
when "William Browne landed at Dublin.* 

Again, on the 28th of October,! Fenton wrote : 

" I numbered in one strand of less than five miles in length above 
1,100 dead corpses of men which the sea had driven upon the shore. 
And the country people told me the like was in other places. 
Yesternight a letter from St. John de Luz arrived, which contains 
the news that the Duke of Medina Sidonia and Admiral Oquendo 
were newly come into Spain with but twenty ships, and they sore 

bruised, and the men much weakened and almost starved." 


On the 31st of December, the Lord Deputy t wrote to 
the Privy Council : 

The spials which I and this Council used hi the discovery of the 
numbers of Spaniards, being some of them priests and others as 
badly affected as they, finding certainly that the journey held, 
acquainted such as relieved the Spaniards therewith. Whereof Don 
Alonzo de Leva having intelligence be [ing] then intrenched in 
Tirconnell, near the place where the hulk, h[e] came in thither, 
brake, meaning to have wintered there so long as [till] from Spain or 
Scotland there might have come some ships [for] their return, 
forthwith removed himself 19 miles off, to a place where the broken 
and bruised galleas lay, and there lay incamped certain days, and in 

Vol. CXXXVII. No. 39. v. f p. 68, Vol. 137, No. 49. 

t p. 92, Vol. CXXXIX. No. 25. 

3 * 

xxxvi PREFACE. 

the meantime put her in so good state of repair as he thought would 
have served to carry him along the coast into Scotland, and to that 
end had hired three skilful pilots for Ireland and one for Scotland, 
and then taking with him his own company, being near 1,200, and 
all as may be with greatest reason thought choice men and of best 
account both for birth and service, went aboard her, who together 
with the galleas's company being at the point of 700 or 800, were 
altogether, as formerly I advertised your Lordships, cast away upon 
the rock of " Bonboys," lying between the Bann mouth and Dunluce. 
Others to the number of 400 or 500 miserable and ragged creatures 
utterly spoiled by the Irishry, were sent from Sorley Boy's and 
other places into Scotland, and order taken there, as it is reported, 
for their clothing and conveying into Spain. And nevertheless there 
yet remaineth in that province, as it is said, 100 or thereabouts, 
being most miserable, both in body and apparel, and few or none 
of them Spaniards, whom the Council and I thought good to draw 
from thence, by offering unto them the Queen's mercy, rather than 
to suffer them to abide there, after which 20 came in, and as I hear 
many of the rest are coming in as they are able. But before the 
proclamation, after my coming into those provinces there were 
divers of them executed in each of them, the number and names of 
which, I will humbly make bold to trouble your Lordships with by 
my next. 

The Lord Deputy says, * I received from your Lordships 
seven several letters, whereof one jointly to me and the 
Council, the other to myself, containing in substance as 
well Her Majesty's most gracious acceptance of our duti- 
ful service and proceedings in this action, both in making 
head against the enemy and in executing such Spaniards 
as fell into our hands, as also your Lordship's honourable 
and favourable regard in the despatch hither of men, 
munition, and money, for which we yield our most dutiful 

On the llth of February 158f,f the Lord Deputy 

* p. 96, Vol. CXXXIX., No. 25. 
t p. 121, Vol. CXLI. No. 19. iv. 

PREFACE. xxxvii 

wrote to Walsyngham enclosing the extract of a letter 
from Captain Eggarton as follows : 

The Spanish ship that was burnt in M'Lane's country was a 
galleon of Venice of 1,200 tons. There were burned in her two 
chief captains, five of M'Lane's pledges, and 700 men, except two 
or three that were blown on shore with the upper deck. One 
captain and 100 men are with M'Lean. One Morris O'Desmond, 
so called, and Thomas O'Desmond, base son of Sir John O'Desmond, 
and another Irishman named Robert Aspolle, now accompanying 
John Madine [i.e., Don Juan Lopez de Medina], who at home in 
Spain is governor of Cadix, and in this voyage was an admiral ol 
24 hulks. Their ship, called the " Griffin," of Riske in Flanders, 
with 300 men, was wrecked on Fair Isle. They intend to ship 
themselves for Spain without dely. 

Prom this we see that it was the flag ship of John 
Madine, or rather let us call him at once Don Juan Lopez 
de Medina " who at home in Spain is governor of Cadix," 
a Flemish urea or hulk called El Gran Grifon, that was 
wrecked on the rocks of Fair Isle. 

This John Madine is entered in Barrow's life of Drake* 
as Don Juan Lopez de Medina, Admiral of a fleet of 23 
ureas, with 950 mariners, and 4,170 soldiers. 

On the 12th of February 1589,f the Lord Deputy 
encloses the report of William Herbert, of Dublin, of such 
things as have happened in Spain from 14th April to 
16th December, and relates the wailing of the people, the 
hanging of the bakers, the message from King Philip to 
the Duke of Medina, Ibrbidding his presence within seven 
leagues of the court, and that they in the holy house at 
Lisbon did in great fury burn their holy woman. 

On the 28th of February,! Richard Strange encloses to 
Walsyngham the news brought by such merchants as 
arrived since the 4th of February. Nicholas White of 

* p. 269. t P- 122, Vol. CXLI., No. 21. 

t p. 126, Vol. CXLI. No. 43. 

xxxviii PREFACE. 

Waterford says, that Don John Martinez do Ricaldo ended 
his life four days after his landing. Nicholas Strange says, 
that not above 7,000 of the army that returned from 
England are alive. Edward Walshe says, that the Duke 
of Medina Sidonia stayed aboard for six days after his 
arrival at Santander, and then apparelled himself and his 
gentlemen all in black and landed followed by 50 gentle- 
men like mourners. The like lamentation was never in 
any country. 

On the 14th of March the Lord Deputy informed 
Burghley* that all the Nobility of Spain were called to 
Court except the Duke of Medina and another Earl. 

On the 15th of July 1589, f Edmund Palmer writes from 
St. Jean de Luz to the Lord Deputy that many Spaniards 
and Portuguese were executed by the King's commission 
for not doing better in the Armada. 

I have long been aware that the descendants of a rem- 
nant of the shipwrecked Spaniards still exist in the North 
of Scotland, and when I commenced preparing this fourth 
volume for press, I asked all my friends for such par- 
ticulars of the overthrow as they might have gathered in 
the localities where the wrecks took place. 

W. Traill Dennison, Esq., of West Brough, in the Ork- 
neys, kindly sent to a mutual friend for my information 
a reference to a description of the Islands of Orkney and 
Zetland, published at Edinburgh by Sir Robert Sibbald, 
M.D., and printed by Andrew Sympson in 1*711, together 
with many interesting particulars as to the present state 
of the descendants of these Spaniards ; to whom I take 
this opportunity of returning my sincere thanks. I have 
also been referred to the Diary of the Minister of An- 

p. 136, No. 26. ra. f P- 226. Vol. CXLVL, No. 6. 11. 


struther, but the limits of a preface compel me to proceed 
with the notice of the papers here calendared. 

We have carefully followed the misfortunes and distresses 
of the Armada, for they are the chief feature of the 
history of Ireland during the period embraced by this 
volume; it was a period of no progress, every man's 
thoughts being absorbed by Spanish speculations. All 
eyes, both in Ireland and England, were turned to Spain, 
and the consideration of how to ward off the calamity 
which might arise by a further prosecution of* the Spanish 
adventure, stayed the carrying out of every project for the 
further advancement of prosperity in both islands. 

On the 14th of December 1589,* the Lord Deputy 
wrote to Walsyngham for 1,000 men to be presently sent 
to lie at Waterford, and asks that the remainder of the 
6,000 men may be sent soon. He also encloses a note of 
the forces of the doubtful persons in the provinces. 
Connaught. The Burkes, O'Flaherties, O'Mallies, and 
Joyces, 1,000 horse and foot ; O'Hourke, 500 horse and 
foot. Ulster. Young Maguire, 500 ; Brian McHugh Oge, 
400; the Captain of the Pews, 50; McSweeny Bana, 
McSweeny Fano, and McSweeny Adoe, 500 ; Sorley Boy 
McDonnell, 200 ; the Blind Scot's sons, 80 ; the Captains 
of Killultagh, Kilwarlin, and Macartan, 200. Leinster. 
Feagh McHugh O' Byrne, 80 ; the Kavanaghs, 60. Sum 
total, 3,670 horse and foot. 

In Ulster, Sir Turlough Lynagh O'Neillf continued to 
attempt mischief, and carried his enmity to the Earl of 
Tyrone to a troublesome degree in his dispute about some 
of his lands, which Tyrone held on a short lease. His 
wife Agnes CampbellJ sent for a great piece of Spanish 

* p. 279, Vol. CXUX., No. 33. m. f P- 95, Vol. CXXXIX., No. 25. 
t p. 313, No. 77. i. 


ordnance which Sorley Boy had secured for himself, and 
which his son James has mounted upon Dunluce Castle. 
Sir Nicholas White reports that Sir Turlough Lynagh 
O'Neill* hath strengthened himself against the Earl of 
Tyrone hy marrying his daughter to O'Donnell's son, who 
leads the McSweenys and all Tyrconnell at his pleasure. 

On the 12th of October 1588f the Lord Deputy and 
Council wrote to the Privy Council in England to send 
at once 2,000 sufficient and thoroughly well appointed 
men to join in the service directed against the main body 
of 3,000 Spaniards in O'Donnell's country and the North. 
They also signify to the Privy Council that for just causes 
they have conceived a special distrust of the Earl of 
Tyrone at this time. On the 7th of October}; Secretary 
Penton wrote to the Lord Deputy from Sligo that the 
Spaniards are marching towards Sligo, and are very near 
Lough Erne. Tyrone hath bitterly reproved O'Donnell, 
saying he and his posterity may seek a dwelling in another 
country for having betrayed the Spaniards their only 

And on the 18th of June the Lord Deputy Fytzwylliam 
wrote of him, the dutiful old knight was shot through the 
shoulder with a bullet and stricken with a horseman's 
staff in the small of his back in a fray with the Earl of 

On the 12th of October || Sir Richard Byngham wrote 
to the Lord Deputy that he doubts the Earl of Tyrone 
more than all the combination of the Spaniards with Sir 
Brian O'Eourke, McGlannogh, Maguire, and McMahon. 
On the 10th of October^ William Taaffe wrote to Fenton 

* p. 302, No. 27. f P- 53, Vol. CXXXVIL, No. 10. 

J p. 53, No. 10, iv. p. 398, No. 47. 

|| p. 54, No. 10, xiii f p. 55, No. 10, xrin. 



that 2,000 Spaniards were camping at Forreside more 
within six miles of Strabane. 

Meanwhile, the Earl of Tyrone went on aggrandizing 
himself quietly. Amongst other acts he hanged Hugh 
Ne Gavelagh, the son of Shane O'Neill, who had been 
taken by Maguire, and whom he purchased from him to 
be executed. Hugh Gavelagh was a great favourite with 
the people, and the Earl had to execute him with his own 
hands,* as he could find no one who would obey his orders 
to do it. The Donnylaghs, who are the greatest men 
about the Earl, were the fosterers of Hugh's father, Shane, 
and they offered 300 horses and 5,000 cows that he might 
be spared. 

On the 12th of August 15^1f Hugh Earl of Tyrone 
wrote to Burghley, announcing his marriage with Sir 
Henry Bagenall's sister. The next day, August 13,J Sir 
Henry Bagenall wrote to the same complaining of the 
Earl of Tyrone for the marriage of his sister without his 
privity. His divorce from Sir Brian McPhelim's daughter. 
His late wife, O'DonnelTs daughter, and the circumstances 
of his controversy with Sir Arthur O'Neill, will all be 
found by reference to his name in the index. 

In Munster the Lord Chief Justice, Sir E. Anderson, 
the Chief Justice, Sir Robert Gardener, Thomas Gent, one 
of the Barons of the Exchequer in England, and other 
Commissioners for arriere claims on the escheated lands, 
were prosecuting their investigations while the Undertakers 
were but sparingly giving attention to the settlement of 
the country. 

In Leinster the attention of the principal people was 
equally attracted by the distracting expectation of a further 

* p. 302, VoL CL., No. 27. f P- 4 9> Vol. CLIX., No. 38. 

\ No. 39. 

xlii PREFACE. 

Spanish invasion, and in Connaught Sir Richard Byngham 
was once more in the ascendant.' 

As to Connaught we may observe, on the 9th of April* 
the Lord Deputy wrote to Burghley that O'Rourke having 
found in a church an image of a tall woman wrote upon it 
Queen Elizabeth, and then fell with traitorous speeches to 
rail at it, after which his gallowglass fastened a halter about 
the neck and dragged it along. 

On the 23rd of May 1589f Sir Eichard Bingham wrote 
to Walsingham that Sir Brian O'Rourke is now in action 
of rebellion, and also that he had an intent to make peace 
with him. O'Rourke invaded the county of Sligo, and 
preyed, burned, and spoiled it several times. 

On the 8th of September 1589J Sir R. Byngham wrote 
to Burghley that in September 1588 all people were quiet 
in Cannaught, save the Devil's Hook (i.e., Richard 
McRickard Burke), Sir Morough Ne Doe, and Sir Brian 
O'Rourke, who refused to deliver their Spaniards. On the 
29th of September 1589 the Lord Deputy Fytzwylliam 

and Commissioners wrote to the Privy Council that after 

several frivolous excuses O'Rourke refused to come to 

Sessions, but promises to come to Dublin next term. Also 
O'Rourke must be chastised, otherwise he will continue a 
most noisome neighbour to Roscommon and Sligo counties. 

On the 10th of December 1590, || Sir R. Byngham wrote 
to Burghley, Sir Brian O'Rourke still continues in exile 
in McSwyne Ne Doe's country, but his son Brian Oge 
O'Rourke is now and then seen upon the borders of 
Brenny O'Rourke with a few followers. 

On the 13th of March 1591,^[ the Lord Deputy wrote 
to Burghley. The flight of O'Rourke is confirmed by a 

* p. 142, No. 12. f p. 188, No. 55. 

t p. 232, No. 32. p. 242, No. 61. 

|J p. 374, Vol. CLVI. T p . 387, No. 37. 

PREFACE. xliii 

Scot, who met him accompanied by three men repairing 
to the Court in Scotland. 

In conclusion I have the pleasing duty to thank 
M. Molony, Esq., Barrister-at-law, for assisting me while 
he was in this office, and also J. G. Black, Esq., a clerk 
in this office who helped me with the Index. I will also 
take this opportunity to thank Her Majesty's Printers, 
Messrs. Eyre and Spottiswoode, who have fulfilled their 
part of the work to my entire satisfaction. 


13th November 1885. 






Aug. 1. 1. Capt. Christ 1 Carleill to Walsyngham. Begs Walsyngham to 
acknowledge the Lord Deputy's kindness to him. p. 1. 


Aug. 2. 


Lord Deputy Fytzwylliam and Bishop of Meath to the Privy 
Council. It may please your Lordships that we have longer 
deferred this certificate than either in reason we ought, or haply 
your Lordships looked for. It may please you to consider how 
many and weighty are the affairs which usually occur in the 
change of a governour, and that upon the alteration many things 
are to be expedited for the settling of the government, which 
without prejudice to Her Majesty's service cannot be deferred. 
This we hope will suffice for our defence in this point, humbly 
submitting to your Lordships' interpretation, to whom is best 
known what may be the " concurrencie " of business at such a time 
as this is. And albeit now the certificate cannot come so full as 
both we would and were convenient, in regard of other occasions 
of Her Majesty's special service which cannot be put off, yet we 
hope by the next to supply all defects, which by the necessity of 
the time we are driven to pretermit, wherein your Lordships shall 
not find us to omit any opportunity, in the which occasion may 
be taken, to advertise your Lordships at large of all things meet 
for your information. 

Soon after the arrival of me, the Deputy, and before I had 
entered into the charge of the government, I acquainted the late 
Lord Deputy and Council in two or three several consultations with 
certain articles of my instructions such as tended most to know 
the estate of the realm, and by what course of government it 
might be continued in quietness, with least charges to Her Majesty 
and best means to increase her revenues toward the lessening of 
her charges. These and other items drawn from the said instruc- 
tions, being debated at large, it may please your Lordships to see 
what was answered to them by Sir John Perrot's declaration of 
June 29 ult., pronounced by himself in Council and approved by 
the rest, the collection and abridgement whereof I thought not 

P41. Wt. 12528. A 


1588 Vot. CXXXVI. 

amiss to send to your Lordships as it was then taken at the 

After I had taken the sword, and commissions for musters 
despatched into all the parts of the realm, with other matters con- 
cerning Her Majesty's general service, I entered into consideration 
with some of the Council (the residue being dispersed to their 
circuits and other employments) touching their particular parts of 
service following, being also grounded for the most part upon my 

First, touching the arrear of Her Majesty's composition money 
due upon the country for many years past, we have gone through 
the Council Book, which is the principal record for Her Majesty 
for that matter; and having deduced every year's charge succes- 
sively from the time of the beginning thereof, which according to 
the testimony of the said Council Book is from the year 1579 
until the present year 1588, we have likewise set down in what 
years it was interrupted by the cess, or suspended upon other 
occasions by the governor for the time being, whereby Her Majesty 
took no benefit by it; and, lastly, we have drawn down what 
remained unpaid for every several year, and "totaled" the sum, 
as may appear by the collection now sent and subscribed by me, 

the secretary Fenton, and the auditor , who also maketh 

a charge of another year's composition, beginning in anno 1578, 
which he saith he findeth charged in a ledger book of Sir Edward 
Fitton's account, which we have caused to be also added to this certifi- 
cate. We gave order also to the officers of the revenues to collect a 
book of Her Majesty's debts, with such particular divisions as your 
Lordships might see how much were sperate and how much doubt- 
ful, and upon what parties the same were to be recovered, but it is 
alleged the labour to be so great in digesting the book into order, 
for that it will consist upon many parts, as it will not be in readi- 
ness to be sent before Michaelmas next, at which time your Lord- 
ships shall be certified fully in this point. 

Secondly, to the end your Lordships might particularly see the 
state of the garrisons and other matters of charges incident to the 
Clerk of the Check's office, we have caused an exact book to be made 
thereof and subscribed by himself, which we have now sent to your 
Lordships, to the which it may please you to give us leave to refer 
you for your more particular information. 

Thirdly, where I, the Deputy, at my entry into the government 
thought to find some good proportion of money for answering of 
growing charges, the rather for that a caution was given by your 
Lordships not to issue any part of the last privy seal until my 
arrival, yet I find now by a book of particulars delivered me by 
Mr. Treasurer's officer, that the whole remain of money in his hands 
is little above 46?., as your Lordships may see by the book itself 
now sent. And such is the universal scarcity and want of money in 
the realm that it will be hard for Mr. Treasurer Wallop to borrow so 
much as will suffice to pay the soldiers their victualling money for 
the next month, or to answer any other service, how weighty soever 
it may be, so as it may please your Lordships, by consideration of 


1588. VO.CXXXVI. 

our extremity in this point, to remember how needful it is to relieve 
us speedily with money, specially the time standing so broken and 
doubtful, and the occasions of service in this country so sudden, the 
remedy whereof we humbly leave to your Lordships with all the 
earnestness we can. 

Fourthly, you shall receive herewith an inventory taken of the 
remain of Her Majesty's munitions within the castle of Dublin, 
divided into particular nature and titles, whicli according to the 
contents of the inventory are delivered over to Carewe, the now 
master of the ordnance, to stand ,upon him as a charge hereafter. 
And for the other remains in other places of store in the remote 
parts of the realm, which are also to be brought in charge to the 
said master of the ordnance, I, the Deputy, have despatched forth in 
commissions for the true "inventorying" thereof, which being 
certified and returned, the whole shall be engrossed in one book 
indented between Her Majesty and the said master of the ordnance, 
and in the meanwhile the remain of the store in the castle of Dublin 
is delivered to him by indenture for answering of all needful pro- 
portions, which are daily to be issued upon occasions for service. 

Fifthly, Feagh McHugh O'Byrne, having stood out a long time, 
and refused to come to the State, though by Sir John Perrot all 
means were used to bring him, and being in that course a dangerous 
instrument to draw disturbance upon any advantage of the time, 
besides that he stood all that time upon his keeping, having at the 
least 100 swords after him, extorting victuals upon the country 
against the wills of the people. He is now come in and made his 
submission, and so returned to his country to book his men, and 
provide pledges for his dutiful behaviour hereafter. He is also to 
give pledges to the Earl of Ormond's officers for the answering of 
former spoils and hurts done upon his lordship's tenants, and ordered 
already against him, and the like he is to do for the satisfying of 
other Her Majesty's subjects upon whom he has committed spoil 

Sixthly, we cannot as yet make {any perfect certificate of the 
forces of this country, nor of the armour and weapons for answering 
of service if need should require, for that there is no return of the 
commissions for musters which I, the Deputy, despatched imme- 
diately after my entering into the government (neither was there 
any in two or three years before), which I considered as a matter 
most material and of a special necessity to be expedited with the 
first. But touching our opinions for the forces of men and munitions 
of the country, we concur with Sir John Perrot in the 17th article 
of his declaration upon this point, to the which it may please your 
Lordships to give us leave to refer you. 

Lastly, where certain protectees of Munster have long remained in 
the castle of Dublin in an easy manner of imprisonment, whom now 
we have shut up more straightly, and that also there be divers 
others abroad who in this doubtful time, are as much to be doubted 
as they, it may please your Lordships, for that it may be feared by 
the coming abroad of the Spanish fleet, whereof nevertheless we 
have as yet no certain intelligence, that some attempt may be offered 

A 2 




to this realm, to signify unto us your Lordships' speedy resolution 
whether we may restrain such of the said doubtful men that be 
abroad as we think it most dangerous to give furtherance to stran- 
gers, or are apt in any sort to make a party within the realm to the 
trouble or disturbance of things at home. This is a matter of great 
consequence, considering the present state of things both abroad and 
at home, and therefore we humbly desire your Lordships' pleasure 
with speed therein, that as much as may be mischiefs may be pre- 
vented ! as well as foreseen. Copy. pp. 3. [Entry Book, Ireland. 
Folios, Vol. XII., p. 159.] 

2. Robert Pypho to Walsyngham. Thanks for furtherance of his 
suit for the tithes of certain parsonages which have since been passed 
to Robert Nangle by Sir J. Perrot and to Sir Patrick Barn wall by 
Sir W. Fytzwylliams. Prays Walsyngham to write speedily to the 
Lord Deputy in his favour, p. 1. 

3. Sir G. Carewe to Burghley, to continue the augmentation of 
pay to his horseband. His uncle Harvie will show Sir William 
Stanley's patent, p. 1. Incloses, 

3. 1. Inventory of tJie store in Dublin castle delivered to Sir 
G. Carewe 16 July 1588. Copy. pp. 10. 

Aug. 3. 4. Sir G. Carewe to Walsyngham for a supply of munition. 
Dublin, pp. i^. Incloses, 

4. i. Inventory of the store in Dublin castle. Copy. pp. 10. 

Aug. 3. 5. Declaration of the composition of the province of Leinster, 
from 1 June 1579 to 15 May 1588. pp. 5. 

Aug. 9. 6. Warrant of concordatum by the Lord Deputy and Council to 
Dublin Castle. Sir H. Wallop for payment to Capt. Brian Fytzwylliams of 
105Z. 4s. 4fd. Copy. p. 1. 

Aug. 2. 


Aug. 3. 


Aug. 14. 

Lord Deputy Fytzwylliam to the Privy Council. On Tuesday, 
13th instant I received a packet from your Lordships and therein 
a letter from Her Majesty of the 29th of June, wherein it pleased 
her to express as well her pleasure concerning the Commissioners 
coming over for Munster about the beginning of this month, as 
also for the sending of such records and writings into that province 
as shall be needful for her service there, which according to her 
pleasure the Lord Chancellor Loftus and I have taken order shall 
be sent away with all possible speed by such trusty men as are 
fit for that service, and therewithal have written unto such of Her 
Majesty's Council here, as are appointed in commission with the 
Lord Chief Justice Anderson and Baron T. Gent, being now abroad 
upon their several circuits, to hasten their return with all possible 
speed, wherein nevertheless I think if the wind do serve they will 
be arrived in Munster before any Commissioner here can be ready 
to be with them. Sir Valentine Browne landed the Saturday 
before, being the 10th instant, who hasteth all he may to be 


1588 VOL. CXXXVI. 

presently gone, and to accomplish and put in readiness such parts 
and directions as in one of your Lordships' letters of the 4th of July 
is contained, wherein your Lordships' further pleasure was that 
knowledge should be given forthwith in Munster of the repair 
thither of the said Commissioners, to the end that such as can or 
mind to make any title of right to any of the said lands should 
prepare their bills and proofs of their matters against the time of 
the said Chief Justice Anderson and Baron Gent's arrival in that 
province, which accordingly the said 13th at night I despatched to 
the Vice-President Thomas Norreys and Council there, to be pub- 
lished in all the cities and market towns throughout the province. 

Touching your Lordships' further pleasures in another letter of 
the 4th of July, I shall with all the speed and force I may make 
my repair into Munster, and there remain accordingly with 
the adventure of my life, whereof in regard of my duty to Her 
Highness, and Her Majesty's service, if so occasion fall out, I will, 
God willing, make small account. But for such forces as be in Her 
Majesty's pay, and which I may take with me, and best trust unto, 
considering the doubtful terms wherein the Irish generally rest, 
which now the justices of assize and other Commissioners going 
into Ulster have out of that province laid more open unto me and 
the- Council than before, although formerly suspected enough, as 
by Sir John Perrot's declaration left here in Council, at his departure 
and sent unto your Lordships with my last letters might declare 
is not 300 of all sorts. But the comfort of the Lord Admiral's 
landing with 10,000, if so occasion require, and which I do presently 
publish and spread abroad throughout the whole realm, doth and 
will not only greatly encourage the poor and few number of the 
dutiful and faithful subjects, but likewise abate the pride of the 
traitorous and wicked sort, and by the goodness of God be a com- 
pany sufficient to withstand the force and malice of the enemy after 
their landing; wherein, nevertheless, if so it might have seemed 
good unto Her Highness and your Lordships, I could rather have 
wished that 3,000 or 4,000 had here been ready both to have daunted 
the pride of the traitorous sort within the realm, and to have 
encountered the foreign enemy at his first landing, though there 
would have been so many the fewer to land after, but whatsoever 
to Her Majesty and your Lordships shall seem fit, I most humbly 
submit myself unto. 

Mr. Treasurer Wallop's man arrived here the 10th of this month 
with 5,000 and odd pounds for the garrison, and 600Z. or 700?. more 
which he should receive here in three weeks or a month, amounting 
in all to 6.000Z., by which the soldiers may now have some relief, 
but I protest that if I and the Council should have stood to borrow 
but 300. or 400Z. before the coming of that treasure, we could not 
have done it ; whereby in how great peril and danger the service 
here and country stood, having neither men, money, nor hardly 
any munition, I leave to your honourable grave wisdoms to judge, 
and do most humbly beseech your Lordships that in regard of this 
so dangerous time abroad, and of the weak and traitorous hearts 
of the Irishry, it may please you there may be for this dangerous 

4 * 


. , ftk VOL. CXXXVL 


and uncertain time some supply of all these wants. [Entry Book, 
Ireland, Folios, Vol. XII, p. 161.] p. 1. 

Aug. 14. 7. Lord Deputy Fytzwylliam to Burghley. It may please your 
Lordship, I have received your letter of the 9th of July. Under- 
standing thereby your honourable favour showed me in the 
appeasing of Her Majesty's displeasure conceived for my so long 
abode in England, which I protest I neither did for my pleasure 
or any other private regard, but only by reason of my wife's extreme 
sickness first, and afterwards my own, for the which albeit I do 
confess most humbly myself bound as for an honourable testimony 
of your favour towards me, yet of all other testimonies, being in 
truth such, so many and so honourable, as I shall never be able 
sufficiently to acknowledge them, your grave, honourable, and godly 
direction of me for the government here, I do and will whilst I live 
most humbly embrace, as the only chief and principal, desiring God 
so to guide me as I may not only follow the same as a direct line 
leading to all perfect government, but in gratification thereof 
perform towards you all the parts of duty and service that shall 
appertain. I have sent your Lordship inclosed (for that I under- 
stand of your Lordship's indisposition to follow and frequent the 
court, as heretofore you have done) a copy of the letter I send this 
passage generally unto their Lordships of the Privy Council, most 
humbly beseeching your Lordships to continue your accustomed 
honourable regards towards this poor realm, especially that in this 
so ticklish and dangerous a time some good supply of such wants 
as be here may "be sent over. p. J. Incloses, 

Aug. 14. 7. i. Lord Deputy Fytzwylliam to the Privy Cownctt. Calendared 
Dublin. above. Gopy. 

Aug. 14. 8. Lord Deputy Fytzwylliam to Walsyngham. Receipt of let- 
Dublin Castle, ters from Her Majesty. Great want of money when the 6,OOOZ. 
arrived, p. . 

Aug. 22. 9. Inventory of munitions and artillery in store in the castle of 
Limerick Castle. Limerick. Copy. pp. 3. 

Aug. 22. Copy of the above. [Entry Book-, Ireland. Folios, Vol XII., 
p. 181.] pp. 3. 

Aug. 22. 10. The whole remain of great ordnance, powder, and habiliments 
of war in Dublin, Limerick, and Cork. pp. 6. 

Aug. 22. Copy of above. [Entry Book, Ireland. Folios, Vol. XII., p. 167.] 

Aug. 24. 11. Lord Deputy Fytzwylliam to the Privy Council. Albeit the 
Dublin Castle, long absence of Sir Valentine Browne, who came not hither until 
the 10th instant, and also the Lord Chief Justice of the Common 
Pleas in England, Sir Edmund Anderson, Mr. Baron Thomas Gent, 
and Her Majesty's Attorney General, Sir John Popham, who arrived 
at Waterford but the 22 instant, in which time the summer 
being very far spent, the Council here and I were drawn into an 
opinion that there would be nothing done in Munster causes this 


1588 VOL. CXXXVI. 

year ; yet did I as I had in direction from Her Majesty and your 
Lordships, as well by publishing throughout that whole province the 
intended repair thither of the Commissioners, as also by searching 
and sorting of all such records, which might in any sort concern 
that service, put all things in a full readiness to attend their arrival. 
And withal took order likewise for the repair hither of the rest of 
the Commissioners here whose circuits ended, and they returned 
even about the time of the Lord Chief Justice Sir Edmund Ander- 
son's landing, do make all the possible speed they may towards 
him, and will at the farthest be at Cork with him the last of this 
month ; whither it hath not been thought convenient by me and 
the Council here that at this time .1 should make my repair, as well 
for that there will be there a competent number of Commissioners 
of the quorum, for despatch of that service, and that the Spanish 
Fleet is now passed through the Narrow Seas : As also by reason of 
the doubtful state wherein the north parts here do stand in respect 
of the many and variable reports of the Spanish news (being some- 
times reported bad, sometimes good), and the rather through a late 
common rumour (confirmed while these letters were in writing by 
letters out of England unto some here) of the landing of sixty ships 
of the Spanish Fleet at Leith in Scotland, by whom the good 
subjects here do fear and the evil hope and wish some expedition will 
shortly be made towards us. In regard whereof it is here thought 
good that I should remain here, to the end I may with greater 
expedition and conveniency make towards Ulster (if occasion be 
offered), and to that end have presently drawn some such small 
number of horsemen and footmen as this garrison will afford near 
about Dublin, both to attend me in these services (if need be), and 
otherwise to be employed upon any other sudden. Where[by it may] 
please your Lordships to consider how hard my case is, who in so 
[dangerous] and troublesome a time, bearing the weighty burthen of 
this government over a people for the most part by nature rebellious, 
and (a few excepted) contemners of all godliness, have nevertheless 
neither men nor almost any money to make account of if cause of 
service should fall forth. For may it please your Lordships, being 
informed by Fauntleroy that there was brought hither by him 
5,300?., which should be made up here within a few days 6,000?., as 
by my last I signified unto your Lordships, yet understanding since 
by conference with Mr. Treasurer Wallop, who came not hither from 
his house in the county of Wexford until 11 days after the landing of 
the treasure, that thereof there should be 2,000?. delivered unto the 
victualler, it may appear unto your Lordships that of the 6,000?. 
appointed to be delivered here for growing charges there remaineth 
in ready money but 3,300?., out of which Mr. Treasurer hath showed 
me your Lordships' warrant for the half yearly advancement afore- 
hand of Sir John Norreys's entertainment, together with the full 
payment of all arrearages due unto him, amounting as by Mr. 
Treasurer's certificate appeareth to 1,660?. 13s. 8c?. sterling, which 
being issued, there will rest but 2,269?. 6s. 4>d. to relieve and clothe 
the needy and naked soldiers, and to serve any other sudden extra- 
ordinary whatsoever. Besides, may it please your Lordships, the 


, , 00 VOL. CXXXVI. 


countries have not to this day returned any musters, notwithstanding 
order given for the same, both by Sir John Perrot in January last, 
and also since my coming hither renewed by me twice, with great 
penalties and threats added thereunto if they should not accomplish 
the same, whereby your Lordships may see what cause is thereby 
given me to think " hardlier " of them than I will write, and how 
much the more Her Majesty's service may seem to be weakened if 
any occasion should be given to employ them. In regard of all 
which I protest I know not what other course I should rest upon 
than to be ready with these small forces which here I have to 
perform towards Her Majesty, with the hazard of my life a dutiful 
and faithful execution of that trust and charge which it hath 
pleased Her Highness to lay upon me, most humbly beseeching 
your good Lordships so to poise the premises as in your honourable 
consultations the miserable and dangerous state of this poor realm 
may be thought upon, and Her Majesty put in mind what great 
need there is here of some further supplies. 

It may further please your Lordships, having since my coming 
hither, somewhat, as my leisure would permit, looked into the 
Exchequer causes for the arrearages and otherwise (and would 
therein have proceeded further between this and Michaelmas had not 
this commission matter of Munster drawn hence both the Council and 
other the Exchequer officers), I found the arrearages rise very high, 
and therefore considering that heretofore Her Majesty and your 
Lordships upon suggestions of the tenants alledging themselves 
either to be men of good service unrewarded, or else that the ground 
lay waste and tenantless, where notwithstanding great parts of the 
lands were by themselves or tenants inhabited and manured, have 
been the more easily drawn to make remittals of the said arrearages, 
to Her Majesty's no small charge within these few years past : May 
it therefore please your Lordships (if so it may seem good unto you), 
that hereafter no remittal of arrearages may be granted unto any 
whosoever unless he either show unto your Lordships from me and 
the Council here a relation of the truth and equity of his allegations, 
or else to make known unto us here the effect and reasons of their 
petitions in that behalf to the end your Lordships may receive from 
us a true certificate of the deserts of the persons, state of the lands, 
the sum of the arrearages, with other necessary and pertinent 
circumstances to be advised therein. [Autog., damaged.] pp. 2. 

Aug. 24. Copy of the above. [Entry Book, Ireland. Folios, Vol. XII.] 
pp. 163. 

Aug. 24. 12. Lord Deputy Fytzwylliam to Burghley. The special warrant 

Dublin Castle, for Sir John Norreys's imprest takes a large proportion of the 6,000?. 

The Spanish Fleet has now passed through the narrow Seas. 

Fytzwylliam has 100 foot and 50 horse to attend him. Begs for 

some allowance towards his household charges. [Autog.] pp. 2. 

Aug. 26. 13. Sir R. Bingham to Burghley. It may please your honourable 

Athione. g OO d Lordship, there is of late another office found for Her Majesty 

upon the castle and town of Sligo, with all such lands and seignories 


1588. VO..CXXXVI. 

as the late Sir Donnell O'Conor of Sligo died seized of, which was 
before Mr. Justice R. Gardener, Mr. Justice Walshe, and myself, 
being appointed as Commissioners for that purpose. By this doth 
appear how unduly the first commission was handled, which passed 
against Her Majesty, and how sufficiently the escheator proceeded 
in his inquisition for Her Majesty ; but for that I have sufficiently 
before this acquainted your Lordship with the circumstances of 
those matters, I will not now trouble your Lordship with the repeti- 
tion thereof. Only this is my duty to signify unto your Honour 
that the office now found is by law able to overthrow whatsoever 
hath past against Her Majesty ; and for that I perceive Her Majesty 
and your Honours are disposed not to lose the benefit hereof, and 
yet to have a favourable consideration over the young gentleman 
the supposed heir, I have boldly herein set down unto your Honour 
my opinion and advice in this matter, which I trust shall be an- 
swerable to Her Majesty's expectation and your Honours', and con- 
tenting to Donough O'Conor, for seeing Her Majesty is not minded 
to " depart " with this house, which may stand Her in such needful 
stead for the benefit of service, nor yet to deal so strictly with the 
young man as to leave him nothing, the " indiiferentest " course to 
be taken is to reserve the town and castle of Sligo, with the lands 
and seignories in the barony of Carbury " into " Her Majesty's 
hands, and to consider Donough by way of gift with all his lands, 
rents, and seignories within the several baronies of Tireragh, Tirerrill, 
Lanye [now Leyny], and Collifyn [now Coolavin], as united to his 
house and castle of " Memlo " [qy. Moymlough, in Killoran barony 
of Leyny], and by grant to hold the same to him and to his heirs 
in such sort as shall be thought convenient. And this under your 
Lordship's correction is the best way, I think, fit to be taken herein. 
And for the supposed heir, in my judgment, he shall think himself 
most graciously dealt withal, to be so highly considered with that 
which was none of his, and the rest is the thing chiefly to be re- 
spected for Her Majesty's service, being, as it is, the only place and 
strength of those parts. 

I have sent the copy of this office lately taken upon Sir Donnel 
O'Conor's lands to Mr. Francis Mylles, to whom your Honour may 
call for it, if it please your Lordship to see it. 

This is all our news for this time, save that we rejoice much in 
Her Majesty's victory against the Spanish Fleet, hoping every day 
to have the same confirmed by letters from thence, which as yet 
hath not been advertised by any hither. [Autog.] pp. 1, damaged. 

Aug. 26. Sir R. Bingham to Walsyngham. I have received your Honour's 
Athione. letters signifying Her Majesty's dislike for my delivering back 
of the possession of Sligo castle to the supposed heir, wherein 
I trust I am excusable, for as I have formerly advertised your 
Honour, I did withstand two several commandments from my Lord 
Deputy and Council, and had not any warrant from your Honours 
to show why I should keep it, but I hope your Honours are 
sufficiently persuaded of mine own serviceable care in that matter. 
Now your Honour shall understand that Her Majesty is newly en- 



titled by a second office to that castle and town of Sligo, with all 
such lands and seignories as the late Sir Donnell O'Conor died seized 
of, which was taken before Mr. Justice Gardener, Mr. Justice Walshe, 
and myself, appointed as Commissioners for that purpose, by which 
may appear how partially the first commission was handled in 
Donough O'Conor's behalf, as well in the appointing of the Com- 
missioners themselves, as in their choosing of jurors, but it is need- 
less to trouble your Honour with the repetition thereof, or the 
sufficient proceedings of the escheator in his inquisition past with 
Her Majesty ; for I have formerly advertised your Honour of both, 
and this our last office is sufficient in law to overthrow whatsoever 
hath past against Her Majesty in this case. And it rests wholly 
now in Her Majesty's pleasure and your Honours' how to dispose of 
that house and the lands thereunto belonging, about which Donough 
O'Conor is now repairing to the Court to be a suitor. 

Your Honour's pleasure is signified in the said letter that I should 
think upon some good way for the division of this land, which I have 
done accordingly. And in mine opinion do hold this to be the 
" indifierentest " course to be taken in this matter, both for the 
satisfying of Her Majesty's expectation and your Honour's, and for 
the contentment of the supposed heir, with a favourable consideration 
to his maintenance. 

The castle and town of Sligo is a thing chiefly to be respected for 
the benefit of Her Majesty's service, and thereto regard must be had 
for the upholding of the house, and for the finding of a ward there, 
and that to be done without any charges to Her Majesty, as it may 
very well be, with an overplus yearly into Her Majesty's purse, if 
all be detained in her own hands, but, as I perceive, Her Majesty is 
not minded to deal so strictly with the young gentleman, or yet to 
prejudice herself so much as to leave this house out of her own 
hands, and therefore to satisfy both, this order may be taken. The 
castle and town of Sligo, with the lands, rents, and seignories in the 
barony of Carbury, to be wholly retained in Her Majesty's own 
possession ; and Donough O'Conor to be considered with the gift of 
all his other lands, rents, and seignories in the several baronies of 
Tireragh, Tirerrill, Lanye [now Leyny], and Cullifin [now Coolavin] 
or elsewhere, as united to his house and castle of Menlo [Moym- 
lough in Killoran, barony of Leyny], and the same to hold by grant 
from Her Majesty to him and to his heirs in such sort as shall be 
thought convenient. Thinks it not good for Her Majesty to ex- 
change the house of Ballimote with the barony of Coren for the 
castie of Sligo with the barony of Carbury. Copy. [Entry Book, 
Ireland, Folios, Vol. XII. pp. 165, 166.] p. l\. 

Aug. 26. 14. Sir R. Bingham to Walsyngham. Commends the bearer, 
Athione. Donough O'Conor, for Walsyngham's favourable consideration for 
the maintenance of his estate. [ Autog.] p. . 

[Aug. 26.] 15. Note of such lands in the province of Connaught as are out 
of lease, and are in Her Majesty's gift, to bestow where she please. 
In the county of Sligo some 40 quarters, viz., the castle of Sligo, 
with the demesnes thereof, and divers castles and lands thereunto 




belonging, now escheated to Her Majesty by the death of Sir 
Donnell O'Conor for want of heirs lawful. County of Mayo some 
30 quarters, viz., Castle Barrye, with the demesnes thereunto 
belonging, escheated to Her Majesty by the attainder of the late 
Edmund Burke, who was executed for treason. County of Clare 
some 12 quarters, viz., the castle of Cloon-oan and the demesnes 
thereunto belonging, escheated to Her Majesty by the death of 
Mahon O'Brien slain in action of rebellion. County of Galway, 
some 11 quarters, viz., the castle of Liscannan, with the demesnes 
thereunto belonging, escheated to Her Majesty by the attainder of 
.... (blank in original), executed for treason. Same county of 
Galway, the isles of Arran forfeited to Her Majesty for non-payment 
of the rent. County of Roscommon some 10 quarters, viz., All Hugh 
McTurlough Roe's lands, escheated to Her Majesty by his attainder 
for treason. [N.B. Hugh McTurlough Roe is mentioned in Vol. III., 
p. 496, in March 1588, but not as attainted at that time.] p. 1. 

[Aug/26.] 16. Petitions of Donatus, Earl of Thomond, to the Privy Council. 
Prays that the Composition taken with the lords and gentlemen of 
Connaught may be kept inviolate, or if not that he may have his 
former rents and ""customs. His right to a chief rent upon the 
barony of Inchiquin. His offer to build a shire gaol in the county 
of Clare, p. 1. 

Aug. 31. 17. Captain Christopher Carleill to Walsyngham. Bight Honour- 
Knockfergus. able, a sudden passage happening from this place into the north of 
England, and one of this town having some business at Carlisle, 
myself likewise urgently occasioned to write presently unto my 
wife (Walsyngham's daughter), I have presumed to direct this 
packet to my Lord Scroop to be conveyed to your Honour by his 
first post. Here I find all things in reasonable terms, for the people 
seem glad of my coming amongst them, howsoever they had been 
incensed underhand by sinister practice, but they were so well 
persuaded of my manner of dealing by that little acquaintance 
which formerly they had of me, as they could not be drawn aside. 
Some there be that cannot change their kind, and yet after I have 
been one year amongst them I hope to bring them to a better pass. 
As soon as I can get a little money to bear my charges I mean to 
fetch my wife, and to make some end of my suite with Her Majesty, 
wherein both for the present and always I humbly beseech your 
Honour's favour. [HologJ\ p. 1. 

Aug. 18. A note of the names of all such pledges as remain within the 

castle of Dublin, viz., Henry O'Neill, Arthur O'Neill, both sons to 
the late Shane O'Neill. Philip O'Reilly and his man. O'DonneU's 
four pledges, viz., Hugh Roe [O'Donnell], Donnell Goram, Owny 
O'Galgho, Owen M'Sweeny. Turlough Lynagh O'Neill's pledge, 
viz., Mahon M'Gilson. O'Cahan's pledge, viz., Ferdoragh O'Mulan. 
Maguire's two pledges., viz., Owen M'Hugh and James M'Manus. 
O'Donnelan's pledge, viz., Neyle Grome O'Donnell. Donnel Spaniagh 
Kavanagh's pledge, viz., Griffin Kavanagh. Feagh M'Hugh O'Byrne's 




three pledges, viz., Hugh O'Toole, Redmund M'Feagh, [O'Byrne], 
Brian M'Feagh [O'Byrne]. Walter Reaghe's pledge, viz., Kedagh 
O'Toole. McMahon's two pledges, viz., Brian McMahon, John 
O'Duffe. Morris Fitzwater's three sons, viz., Garret FitzMorris, 
Richard FitzMorris, James FitzMorris. Patrick FitzMaurice, [after- 
wards seventeenth Lord of Kerry], a Munster man. Edmund Fitz- 
Gibbon, the White Knight, a Munster man. Donough M'Cormuck 
M'Carthy, a Munster man. John FitzEdmund FitzGerald, seneschal 
of Imokilly, a Munster man. 

Also a note of such prisoners as remain within the castle of 
Dublin upon your Lordship's commandment, viz., Piers Butler Fitz- 
Edmund, Piers Butler, sheriff of Tipperary, Captain Robert Cullum, 
John Tompkins, Henry Birde,' the Bishop of Down, John Powell. 

A note of such persons as remain in the grate upon your Lord- 
ship's commandment also, viz., Con O'Neill, sent in by Sir Nicholas 
Bagenall. John Butler, sent in by Francis Lovell. John O'More, 
sent in by Mr. Barinshe. William Barry for running away with 
the Earl of Clancarr's son. [He was apprefiended 1585-6, Feb. 12.] 
Dermot Doe, Art McBrian, and Laughlin O'Ferres, sent in by Sir 
Henry Wallop. Donough O'Nolan, sent in by Captain St. Leger. 
John Mettell, Catherine Danyell and Anstas Ne Hickye, brought in 
for " robbing of Frances " Cleyton. Donough O'Kennedy, brought in 
by John Vickars, and James O'Quirke, sent in by Daniel Neylan, 
Bishop of Kildare. pp. 3. 

N.B. This paper is dated by the writer's saying, upon your 
Lordship's commandment. Now William Barry was apprehended 
in Perrot's time, viz., 1585-6, Feb. 12. 

Sept. 1. 19. Sir John Perrot to the Privy Council. May it please your 
Carew in most honourable Lordships that four days past I received your 
Pembrokeshire. Lordships' letters by this messenger, and being then in another 
shire from my house where my writings were, I could not make 
answer before this present, which I would more at large do, were 
it not that I have received even now letters that I am licensed to 
repair to Her Majesty, at which time I will satisfy your Lordships 
that I have not caused (as is informed) the Master of the Rolls, a 
little before my coming out of Ireland, to bring unto me the 
indentures which were made for the Composition of Connaught 
being matter of record, for as they were never of record, yet but 
of trust sent unto me by the noblemen and gentlemen by Sir 
Nicholas White to be kept until Her Majesty had made them 
assurance of that which is granted unto them from Her Majesty, 
so I only bringing that matter to pass (and not any other what- 
soever hath been said) which will benefit Her Highness 4,000?. by 
the year, besides many other reservations, have kept these writings 
in my hands ever since they were made, which is well near three 
years past, saving that for some month or thereabouts I delivered 
them two years and more past to Sir Nicholas White to draw a 
book of the contents, and to make out the copies of one of the 
indentures, which book and copy I sent to some of your Lordships 



long " sythens" to have warrant from Her Majesty to pass those things 
which Her Majesty was to grant unto the Lords of Connaught; 
but by reason of weighty business (as I take it) I could not have 
any answer, so that the indentures have not been out of my hands 
but as befoi-e, whosoever hath informed your Lordships to the 
contrary, and so the same never was any matter of record. And 
further, your Lordships shall understand that I moved it in 
Coimcil in Ireland, whether I might pass as Deputy the assurance 
from Her Majesty to the lords and gentlemen, and it 1 was concluded 
by them all, that because there passeth to them certain of Her 
Majesty's prerogative, that without great peril unto me (before 
warrant had) I could not pass the same or enrol it, which was 
the cause why it was not made nor enrolled, whereby I marvel if 
any councillor in Ireland should write thereof except the deputy, 
who is utterly ignorant in the cause, and Her Majesty loseth 
nothing by the matter, because there is a double of the indentures 
left in Connaught under the Commissioners' hands, and the rent 
reserved is collected ever since the making of the Composition to 
Her Majesty's use, so the matter [is] no way dangerous. And with 
your Lordships' favour it is most necessary I bring them to your 
Lordships to deliver the circumstances [of] that great work, and 
to procure warrant according to the trust reposed in me, which 
no man can so well do as myself, except Sir Nicholas White, 
who was the only drawer upon my directions of those writings 
and travailed much therein, the Earls of Thomond and Clanricarde 
are worthy of great praise, who upon my persuasion and credit 
did first yield to that Composition, and led many to do the like, 
as may be learned by the said Earl of Thomond, who is there. 
Humbly beseeching your Lordships to hold me free from being 
so vain or forgetful as to take with me any matter of record of 
Her Highness, but that your Lordships do think until I come 
thither (as I will then prove it) that I have done all for the 
best and with some judgment for Her Majesty's service. 

For the robes, as I took them to be my fees as all other deputies 
had them, so are they not worth 20Z., and I had sent them hither 
to make stools and such like, when Her Majesty wrote unto me 
that I should be licensed to come from my charge, and receiving 
letters from your Lordships two days before my coming hither 
that I should leave them behind me with the cloth of State ; 
I told the Lord Deputy that I would send the robes to him, which 
I have done before the receipt of these your Lordships' letters, 
wishing that his Lordship would upon my promise have forborne to 
write to your Lordships for such a trifle, but I hope his Lordship 
will leave them to his successor. [Autog.~\ pp. 1|. 

Sept. 2. 20. The Lord Chancellor Loftus to Walsyngham. The bearer, 

Dublin. Henry Byrd, much commended. His good behaviour ever since he 

came into Ireland. His upright exercise of the office of the High 

Commission. His miserable confinement on a false accusation. 

p. I. 


1588. VOL.CXXXVI. 

Sept. 2. 21. Lord Chancellor Hatton, Lord Treasurer Burghley, Mr. 
Court of Secretary Walsyngham, and Sir Armas Paulet, members of the Privy 

St. James. Com^^ to the Lord Deputy Fytzwilliam. After our very hearty 
commendations to your Lordship, upon earnest suit here made to 
Her Majesty for the enlargement of Edmund Fitzgibbon, and 
Donough McCormock Carty [i.e., McCarthy], and bonds here taken 
of our very good Lords the Earls of Ormond and Thomond, for 
their continuance in loyalty and dutiful demeanour to Her Majesty 
and that State, Her Highness is pleased that we should, in Her 
name, require your Lordship to set them presently at liberty ; taking 
bonds likewise of them in good sums of money to Her Majesty's 
use, with condition as before. And therefore we pray your Lord- 
ship, unless there is greater matter against them than hath been 
hitherto advertised unto us, to take order therein accordingly. 
Copy. p. i 

Sept. 3. Book of the proceedings in Minister by the Lord Chief Justice 
Anderson, Chief Justice Rob. Gardener, Thomas Gent, one of the 
Barons of the Exchequer in England, and other Commissioners for 
" aryer " claims. True remembrances of the Bills of Complaint 
exhibited to the Queen's Majesty's Commissioners appointed in the 
province of Munster, and of the answers made by Her Majesty's 
counsel learned unto the same, during the time of their session there 
holden the 3rd day of September 1588. 

1. Donough O'Grady [Donoho I Grady], of Killfiadmore, in the 
county Limerick, showeth by his Bill that James Earl of Desmond, 
father to the late Earl, seized in his demesne as of fee of the town 
and lands of Kyllfiadmore, did by his deed dated August 3, 1557, 
enfeoff John Tathai I Grady, and his heirs, of all the said town and 
lands, who entered, and died seized thereof, all which descended to the 
complainant as son and heir to the said John, who continued seizin 
until such time as by virtue of an office taken at Kilmallock, it 
was found that Gerald, late Earl of Desmond, as well at the time 
of his entrance into rebellion as at the time of his death, was seized 
in his demesne, as of fee tail to him and the heirs male of his body 
begotten, of land in Feadmore, videlt, of Fanningstone, Ballieange, 
Balliany, and of Coallaight, and that Edmund Manneringe hath 
entered by Her Majesty's title into one acre parcel of the com- 
plainant's lands, whereas Kyllfiadmore is no parcel of Feadmore, 
where the Earl never had anything. 

It was answered on Her Majesty's behalf that Her Majesty was 
seized in Her demesne as of fee in the right of Her crown of Ireland, 
of the lands and tenements mentioned in the said Bill of Complaint, 
as by sundry records and remembrances in Her Majesty's Courts of 
Record at Dublin and elsewhere it appeareth, and that every matter 
set forth in the said Bill of Complaint, tending any way against Her 
Majesty's title to the premisses, or to impeach the same, was on Her 
Majesty's behalf denied to be true. And though the same were 
true, yet it was alledged that the same could not prejudice Her 



Majesty's title for matter which should appear to the Com- 
missioners, whereof consideration was prayed to be had on Her 
Majesty's behalf. 

For the complainant there was shown a deed of entail, with 
condition not to alien, which the Queen's counsel said proved not 
the title for the complainant, and if it had been contained in the 
Bill they say the Queen might have taken advantage thereof, 
wherefore there was no further proceeding therein. 

NOTE. This the first entry is given fully as a specimen. These 
that foUow are given very briefly. 

2. Edmund James Barrett claims half a ploughland in Bradons- 
towne, which Arthur Robyns, one of the undertakers, has entered, 
suggesting some title in Her Majesty. 

Ansiver. Same as to first Bill. 

He alledgeth not by his Bill that the lands at any time came to 
the Queen's hands, and therefore the Commissioners had not to deal 

3. Edmund Kearny, of Kilmallock, claims the town and lands ot 
Ballyscony or Ballyscony more, of which George Thorington of the 
Broffe [Bruffj, co. Limerick, has obtained a grant. 

Answer. Same as to first Bill 

There is nothing affirmed by the Bill come to the Queen's hands, 
and therefore left as in the like case last before. 

4. James FitzJohn James Barry, of Pollycurrye, in the county of 
Cork, claims the lands of Pollycurrye, of which Arthur Robyns by 
some sinister means has got possession. 

Answer. Same as to first Bill. 

It appeared that the complainant is attainted and not to be 
relieved for anything contained in this Bill. 

5. Andrew Fitz Walter Galway and William Roche, of Cork, alder- 
man, claim the lands of Ballinrea, in the county of Cork, which 
John Cooper, one of the undertakers, has entered " pretending title 
for Her Majesty." 

Answer. Same as to first Bill. 

There is nothing affirmed by this Bill to come to the Queen's 
hands, and therefore the Commissioners had not to deal there- 

6. James Fox, of Elton, in the county Limerick, claimed the 
lands of Elton which Sir Edward Fitton had entered as patentee. 

Answer. Same as to first Bill. 

The complainant maketh no title whereupon to ground a 
petition, monstrans de droit or traverse. 

7. John FitzRichard FitzMorryce, of Lisquillan, in the county of 
Cork, claims the lands of Lisquillan, two ploughlands, unto which 
Her Majesty made claim. 

Answer. Same as to first Bill. 

There is nothing affirmed by the Bill to come into the Queen's 
hands, and therefore the Commissioners had not to deal there- 




8. James, Lord Baron of Dunboyne, claims the lands of Bella- 
drohed, Killardry, and Cullenaghoo, which were seized to Her 
Majesty's use. 

Answer. Same as to first Bill. 

The complainant maketh no title whereupon to ground a petition, 
monstrans de droit or traverse. 

9. Edmund Oge FitzEdmund Gen-aid, of Ashfudda, in the county 
of Cork, complains that he is vexed in his title to the town or 
hamlet of Ballymonick, in the county Waterford, by reason of an 
inquisition taken at Youghal, on the 6th October, in the 28th year 
of Her Majesty's reign. The inquisition was improperly takln, and 
the findings are untrue. 

Answer. Same as to first Bill. 

There is nothing affirmed by the Bill to come into the Queen's 
hands, and therefore the Commissioners had not to deal there- 

10. Henry, Earl of Kildare, by his servant and attorney James 
Coppinger, claims certain chief rents expressed in his Lordship's 
rental, out of lands therein mentioned. These rents, partly by 
reason of the late Earl of Kildare's trouble, and chiefly by reason 
of the rebellion, were left undemanded many years. And now 
for that Her Majesty by the attainder of the Earl of Desmond 
is entitled to the said lands, the said Earl is denied of his said 

Answer. Same as to first Bill. 

The Bill containeth not any title of certainty which may be 
answered unto. 

11. John Synnot, late of Inchiquinem, in the county Cork, claims 
the lands of Inchiquinem [Inchekynne], in Imokilly, into which 
one, Andrew Colthurst, .has entered to the use of Sir Walter Raleigh, 
patentee to Her Majesty. 

Ansvxr. Same as to first Bill. 

The plaintiff maketh no title whereupon to ground a petition, 
monstrans de droit or traverse, nor alledgeth any title in Her 

12. Sir Owen M'Cartie, knight, claims the lands of Rossbrin, in 
the county of Cork, which Wm. Rely has unlawfuly entered to 
the use of Her Majesty. 

Ansiuer. Same as to first Bill. 

There is nothing affirmed by the Bill to come to the Queen's 
hands, and therefore the Commissioners had not to deal therewith, 
and this case consisteth upon the like part as hereafter is men- 
tioned touching his pretended title to Kynalmeca. 

13. Sir Owen M'Cartie also claims the lands of Cloghane, which 
Sir Cormac M'Teig entered about eight years ago to the use of 
Her Majesty. 

Answer and Note. Same as in previous entry. 



14. Gerrald Suppell, of Eaghtermorowe, in county Cork, claims 
the lands of Eaghtermorowe. By inquisition taken at Cork 
on November 4th in the 26th Eliz. it was found untruly that 
complainant had entered into rebellion with Gerald, late Earl of 

Answer. Same as to first Bill. 

There is nothing affirmed by the Bill to come to the Queen's 
hands, and therefore the Commissioners had not to deal there- 

15. Patrick Tyrrye, of Cork, merchant, and his wife Anstace 
Tyrry, claim the lands of Ballinckhillick [Ballinhillick] and 
Knoekaple. Sir Warham Sentleger hath distrained upon the said 
lands for services not due to the late Earl of Desmond. 

Answer. Same as to first Bill. 

He claimeth by deed not enrolled according to the statute of 
28th Eliz. and therefore void. 

16. William Tirrye, of Cork, alderman, claims that the lands of 
Raheneryn, being part of Kylvory and Balliorbany, are free from all 
rents, services, and exactions, notwithstanding an Inquisition taken 
at Cork the 7th day of October in the 28th Eliz. 

Ansiuer. Same as to first Bill. 

The Bill containeth no good matter, and besides no writing was 
showed nor other good matter, but suspicious testimony of wit- 
nesses offered. 

17. Phillipp Suppell, of Cragon in Costmaye (Coshma), in 
county Limerick, claims the lands of Cragon two ploughlands, 
Ballincholly in the barony of Any half ploughland, Balentubored 
30 acres, Balinbunry 15 acres, Clownscartye 15 acres, Clowshan 
2 acres, and one tenement and thatched house in Kilmallock, which 
Sir George Bourcher, Henry Owtred, and Sir Edward Fytton and 
others have entered as patentees to Her Majesty. 

Answer. Same as to first Bill. 

He claimeth by deed not enrolled according to the statute of 
28th Eliz. and therefore void. 

18. David Roche FitzJohn, of Kylahaly, in county Waterford, 
claims the lands of Kylloughtelnoy, Kylbeg, Kaonmacke, Ballun- 
codagh, Garrygrone, Balliaunter, Ballifenshoghy [county Cork], 
which Andrew Colthurst claims to the use of Her Majesty. 

Answer. Same as to first Bill. 

There is nothing affirmed by the Bill to come to the Queen's 
hands, and therefore the Commissioners had not to deal there- 

19. Richard Roche, of Kinsale, claims that the lands of Glyny 
and Cullen in Kinalea, in county Cork, are not parcels of the 
possessions of the Earl of March, as was untruly found by an In- 
quisition taken at Cork on November 3rd, 20th Eliz. 

Answer. Same as to first Bill. 

It now dependeth in the Exchequer at Dublin upon an ancient 
title of Her Majesty. 

P 41. 5 B 



20. Morrice FitzDavy, of Ballinteronty, in the county of Limerick 
claims the lands of BalUnwryny, Ballenskally Cosse, Ballinahinchy, 
Balligibbin, Ballinchorry, Stephenstown, Graigpadin, Ardnagillyny, 
Rase, Buolly Naplaa, Stuokin w, Myle Ellea/n Boy* which the 
undertakers, Richard and Alexander Phitton, have entered and 
wrongfully detain. 
. Answer. Same as to first Bill. 

There is nothing affirmed by the Bill to come to the Queen's hands, 
and therefore the Commissioners had not to deal therewith, and the 
Bill containeth no estate certain for the complainant. 

21 and 22. David FitzJohn, of Kyllahaly, in the county of Water- 
ford, claims the lands of Kylloughtermoye, Kylbeg, Kinmucky, and 
Ballinmodaghe, which Andrew Colthurst has entered to the use of 
Sir Walter Raleigh, patentee to Her Majesty. 

Answer. Same as to first Bill. 

There is nothing affirmed to come to the Queen's hands, &c. 

23. John FitzMorrice Gerrard, of Feadmore [Fedamore], county 
Limerick, claims the old castle town and lands of Feadmore, half a 
ploughland. Inquisitions llth, 14th, and 17th September, 26 Eliz. 

Answer. Same as to first Bill 

There is nothing affirmed by the Bill to come to the Queen's hands, 
and therefore the Commissioners had not to deal therewith. 

24. Foulcke Monslowe and Anne his wife, late wife and sole 
executrix of Thomas Burgate, late clerk of the council of the province 
of Minister, claim the lands of Balleregan, one ploughland, in the pos- 
session whereof they have been disquieted by Sir G. Bourcher. 

Answer. Same as to first Bill. 

The conveyance by which he claimeth was made after the first 
entrance into treason. 

25. John Miaghe, of Cork, Esquire, claims the castle and town of 
Nyvar and five ploughlands, which have been found wrongfully by 
Inquisition for Her Majesty. 

Answer. Same as to first Bill. 

The conveyance by which he claimeth was made after the first 
entrance into treason of the Earl of Desmond. 

26. Morris Power claims the lands of Ballymricurrigie [or 
Ballyvickshyenige], which have been wrongfully found for Her 
Majesty by Inquisition taken at Dungarvan the 28th September, 
28th Eliz. 

Answer. Same as to first Bill. 

He maketh title by his father, and saith that he was not at- 
tainted, but he is attainted as appeareth by Act of Parliament. 

27. Morrys FitzThomas Gerralde, infant, son and heir of Thomas 
M'Shane, alias Thomas Cavine Gerrald, late of the Clenglis, deceased, 
claims the lands of Lysenekelly, the Garren, Ballynkenry, Gort- 
netobred, Kylleddy, Clenglis, Raerdoeges, Lysegaddie, Artoman, 
Trienf elly Killellagh, Clenogh, Colleskyne, Rosnerellan, Ardloman- 
more, Ballyvickery, in the county Limerick, which by virtue of an 



. _. VOL. CXXXVI. 


Inquisition (October 16th, 28 Eliz.), Thomas Trensher, and 
Henry Owtredge entered. 

Answer. Same as to first Bill. 

His father was attainted, and moreover entered into actual 
rebellion after Her Majesty's proclamation. 

28. John Gerrald, alias Knight, of Kerry, Richard More, alias 
M'Morris, of Cyaltady, Morris M'Eligott alias M'Eliget, of Bally- 
grillaghe, and Hubert Hussey, of Castellgregory, in the county of 
Kerry, as well for themselves as for the rest of the gentlemen and 
freeholders of the said county, pray to be relieved from conye, livery, 
and other exactions and services not justly levied on them. 

Answer. Same as to first Bill. 

They cannot be relieved upon this Bill because they severally did 
not put in their petition. 

29. Thomas Skiddie and Stephen Skiddie, of Cork, merchants, 
claim that their lands of Ryneskiddie, in Kerricurre, county Cork, 
are not properly chargeable with cony, livery, kernty, &c. [Inqui- 
sition, 4 November, 16 Eliz.] 

Answer. Same as to first Bill. 

They cannot be relieved upon this Bill because they severally did 
not put in their petitions. 

30. W. Lyon Bp. of Cork, claims the yearly rent of 33s. out of 
Carigrowan, the yearly rent of 4s. out of Crosshane, in Kerrycurrye, 
and the yearly rent of 6 marks out of Noffall, all which lands have 
come into Her Majesty's hands by the attainder of the Earl of 

Answer. Same as to first Bill. 

The plaintiff she weth a roll in parchment nothing to the purpose 
and proveth no seisin at any time of the rent. 

31. John Roche, of Kinsale, claims to have the lands of Parckny- 
mawle, in Kerricurrihy, 15 acres, freed from cony, livery, kernty, 

Answer. Same as to first Bill. 

The complainant maketh no title to the lands mentioned in the 

32. John FitzRedmond, of Bally krinan, in the county Cork, claims 
the lands of Ballykrinan, three ploughlands, which Andrew Coul- 
thurst has entered to the use of Sir Walter Raleigh. 

Answer. Same as to first Bill. 

The plaintiff is not to be relieved by reason of the commission if 
his Bill be true. 

33. Morris, Lord Roche, Viscount of Fermoy, claims the lands of 
Carriggleamlery, 13 ploughlands, which Roger Keate has entered. 

Answer. Same as to first Bill. 

There was no more opened to the Commissioners concerning this 
cause than is after in this book set down next after the residue of 
the said Lord Roche's causes. 

34. Robert Terry FitzOliver, and Edmund Terry FitzDavid, of 
Cork, claim eight white groats out of every acre manured and 
ploughed, two parks called Stanton's Park and Milles' Park, and the 
half of one fishing weir out of the manor and lands of Carrigiline. 

B 2 




Sir Warham Sentleger doth expulse and disseize them of the said 
lands and rents. 

Answer. Same as to first Bill. 

The plaintiffs make no title. 

35. The gentlemen and freeholders of Imokelly, county Cork, 
show that whereas the late Earl of Desmond hath at divers times by 
the greatness of his calling and countenance enforced the complain- 
ants, being subjects and of English name, to complain to Her 
Highness's Commissioners in Munster of divers unlawful exactions 
taken by the said Earl's direction in their lands against the common 
law and statutes of this land, usurped by the said Earl of his own 
mere force ; upon whose said complaint one Marrogh Gawnkaghe 
hath been attainted of felony for taking in the said Earl's right, a 
portion of the said extortion called Bonybeg, and the seneschal of 
Imokelly, being head of the said Earl's kernty in Imokelly, was 
expressly commanded that he should not exact the said office of 
kernty, or take any duty under colour of the same, and another of 
the said Earl's officers called Cucullyn was executed by course of 
law for taking by extortion an exaction called Sraghe, by which due 
execution of justice the complainants, of which divers hold immedi- 
ately of Her Majesty, and divers of subjects, and of which many do 
enjoy their livings since the conquest, and can show the grants of 
those that came over for the same, have been freed by law and by 
Her Majesty's goodness of all the said exactions and unlawful op- 
pression, and have so since continued until by an office taken at 
Youghal, 6th October, 28th Eliz., it was found that the said Earl 
was seized as of fee tail of a yearly rent of 58 cows, or in lieu of 
every cow 6s. out of 130 ploughlands out of the cantred of Imokelly, 
and of certain duties termed srahe, marte, and bonebegg, whereas in 
truth the said Earl or his ancestors had never any such rent or 
duties, wherein they pray relief. 

Answer. Same as to first Bill. 

They cannot be relieved upon this Bill because they severally did 
not put in their petitions. 

36. David FitzJohn, of Kilahaly, county Waterford, claims the 
lands of Killoughteranoy, Kilbeg, and Ballinmodagh, which Thomas 
Colthurst has entered to the use of Sir W. Raleigh, patentee to Her 

Answer. Same as to first Bill. 

There is no title by the Bill affirmed to be in the Queen's 

37. Edmond Power, of Shanegarry, county Cork, claims the lands 
of Ballyan in the said county, which have been wrongfully found for 
Her Majesty. 

Answer. Same as to first Bill. 

There is no title by this Bill affirmed to be in Her Majesty. 

38. Richard Fitz Thomas Reoghe, of Lyssevoti, in the county 
Limerick, claims the lands of Lissevoti, which Henry Billingsly, 
patentee to Her Majesty, has entered. 

Answer. Same as to first Bill. 




There is no title by the Bill affirmed to be in the Queen, nor any 
title certain to himself. 

39. John FitzJohn, of the Geraldines of Clonea in the Decies, 
county Waterford, complains that he is vexed and disturbed in his 
possession of the said Clonea by the sheriff of Waterford. 

Answer. Same as to first Bill. 

There is no title alleged in the Queen's Majesty, or any good 
matter for the plaintiff in this Bill. 

40. Edmund Barrett, alias Barrett, Cormock M'Cartie, alias 
M'Donnell, and the rest of the gentlemen and freeholders of Barrett's 
country, claim that they are liable to no rent or exaction except one 
rose payable at Midsummer in the Court of Exchequer by the hand 
of the sheriff [Lit. Pat, Kilkenny, 20th Sept, 40 Edw. III.] The 
sheriff has distrained for a yearly rent of 12 marks half-face. 

Answer. Same as to first Bill. 

The plaintiffs are not to be relieved by petition, monstrans de droit 
or traverse upon the matter contained in the Bill. 

41. Shane Onia, of Knockpatrick, in the parish of Robertstown 
and county Limerick, claims the lands of Knockpatrick, in the posses- 
sion whereof he has been disturbed by an Inquisition taken at 
KilmaUock 26th Oct., 26th Eliz. 

Answer. Same as to first Bill. 

He allege th by his Bill no title in Her Majesty. 

42. Pierce Creaghe FitzDominick and Nicholas Fox, of Limerick, 
merchants, complain that their lands of Bally, in the barony of 
Fedmore, are charged by certain Inquisitions with a rent of 40s. 
of old money called half-face yearly, whereas the complainants are 
freeholders. They hold the lands by deed from one Thomas Fitz- 
Symonde, whose ancestors came to Ireland upon the conquest. 

Answer. Same as to first Bill. 

There is not any good title in the Bill for the plaintiffs. 

43. John M'Kenery, of Castleton, in the county of Limerick, 
claims the lands of Castletown, of Ballihea, of Derealyn, and of 
Ballincislayne Corcoughe in the parish of Castleton. Complainant 
has been wrongfully put out by Henry Utryche [Ughtred]. 

Answer. Same as to first Bill. 

By the Bill he doth not allow any title to be in the Queen. 

44. Donohe O'Bryan, of Corygoginel [Carrigogunnell], in the 
county Limerick, claims the lands of Cloghekeating, which have 
been taken to Her Majesty's use. 

Answer. Same as to first Bill. 

He doth not allow any title to be in the Queen. 

45. Richard Condon, alias M'Maughe Condon, of Carrignory, 
county Cork, complains that he is vexed in his possession of Cahir- 
growen by an Inquisition taken at Cork. 

Answer. Same as to first Bill. 

The plaintiff upon the matter makes a title as appeared by a 
person attainted, and showed no good matter to maintain his Bill. 

46. John FitzGerrott, of Belleny Garraghe, in the county Cork, com- 
plains that a milch cow, price 30s, was taken by one Hugh Cuffe by 
way of distress for a rent of 20s. half-face money, and 104 eggs^or 


1588 VOL. CXXXVI. 

4ed. in lieu of the eggs) wrongfully found by an Inquisition [16 Aug., 
29 Eliz.] to be due out of the lands of Ballyne Garraghe. 

Answer. Same as to first Bill 

He allegeth in his Bill no title to be in the Queen. 

47. W. Lyon, Bp. of Cork, Cloyne, and Ross, claims the lands 
of Kilbroghan, five ploughlands, and Meshill, two ploughlands, in 
Kynalmeky, county Cork, in right of the bishoprick of Cork. One 
Phane Beecher has entered the said lands. 

Answer. Same as to first Bill. 

The plaintiff by his Bill made title for lands, and the matter 
being heard it proved for rent. 

48. W. Lyon, Bishop of Cork, Cloyne, and Rosse, claims the lands 
of Inshyddony Island, in Carbery, county Cork, in right of the bishop- 
rick of Rosse. 

Answer. Same as to first BilL 

The plaintiff by his Bill made title to lands, and the matter being 
heard his proof was for a rent. 

49. Edmund Wolfe, of William's Town, county Limerick, claims 
the lands of William's Town, or Ballin William, near Asketon, the 
lands of Rachley, and of Iniscons, in county Limerick, into which 
Henry Billingsley, patentee to Her Majesty, has entered. 

Answer. Same as to first Bill. 

Upon the hearing of this cause it was confessed that Patrick 
Wolfe the eldest son, who was attainted, had issue in life at his 
death, and therefore the land could not descend to his younger 
brother, moreover it appeared that the deed whereby the plaintiff 
claimed was made after the rebellion conspired. 

50. The inhabitants and freeholders of the small county of 
Limerick complain that Sir Edward Fitton demands 46Z. old money, 
called half -face, from them for lands held of the manor of Any, 
whereas the Earl of Desmond was only entitled to current money. 

Answer. Same as to first Bill. 

The plaintiffs convey no such title to themselves as they may 
sue by petition, traverse, or monstrans de droit. 

51. William Gogamere, of Barvihelie, Richard Roche, of Kinsale, 
Robert Coppinger, Edmund Roch, Thomas FitzJohn, and John 
Verdon, of Cork, and others the freeholders of the 15 ploughlands 
in Kerricurihy, complain that they are made to pay 6s. ScL for each 
ploughland to Sir Warham St. Leger. 

Answer. Same as to first Bill. 

The plaintiffs convey no such title to themselves as they may 
sue by petition, traverse, or monstrans de droit. 

52. Clement Faning, of Fanningstown, in Fedamore, in county 
Limerick, complains that Edmond Mannering claims 40s. half-face 
out of the ploughland of Fanningstown yearly, whereas only 2s. Id. 
is lawfully due. 

Answer. Same as to first BilL 

The plaintiff conveys no such title to himself as he may sue 
by petition, traverse, or monstrans de droit. 

53. Richard Moore, of Castle Moore, county Kerry, claims the lands 
of Killkowanes Shankill, near Smerwick, and 20 acres in Balledaiey. 




Answer. Same as to first Bill. 

The plaintiff being called answered that he would not further 

54. William Tyrrye, of Cork, alderman, claims the lands of 
Ballyorbane and Rahineryne, in county Cork, into which Sir War- 
ham Sentleger hath entered. 

Answer. Same as to first Bill. 

The plaintiff maketh no title to himself in his Bill, nor came to 
maintain the same. 

55. Richard Trant, of Dangley, county Kerry, claims a stone 
house and garden in Dangley [Dingle] against one Thomas Hayford, 
who claims the same to the use of Her Majesty. 

Answer. Same as to first Bill. 

The plaintiff said that he had lost his deed of feoffment, and that 
he would not prosecute his title before the Commissioners. 

56. John Fitzgarrett FitzJohn, of Balynalea or Balynalra, county 
Waterford, claims the lands of Balynalra, into which one Mr. Moole 
hath entered. 

Answer. Same as to first Bill. 

The plaintiff had no writings to show, and said that he had no 
witnesses ready. 

57. Sir Owen M'Cartie, knight, claims the castle, town, and lands 
of Glanycrome or Glawnycrowime, which one Arthur Robynson 
hath entered to the use of Her Majesty. 

Ans^ver. Same as to first Bill. 

The plaintiff refused to maintain his title. 

58. William Roche and Andrew FitzGallwey, of Cork, claim to 
have the lands of Ballyrea, alias Rethestown, freed from all burdens 
save a penny yearly rent and fealty. 

Answer. Same as to first Bill. 

No remedy can be had by petition, traverse, or monstrans de droit. 

59. James Nugent, of Aghmartny, county Cork, complains that 
Sir Warham Sentleger levies Irish exactions which are not properly 
due out of the lands of Kilvihile, Knocknegorry, Ballyloskye, Mony- 
beny, Menebran, and Rineybroghe, Kylecroenegeraghe, Colmen, 
Kyelcoely, and Attenfrawkagh, all holden of the said Arghimootyn.* 

Answer. Same as to first Bill. 

No remedy by petition, traverse, or monstrans de droit. 

60. Maurice Lord Roche, Viscount Fermoy, claims the lands of 
Ballinoran and Cwilcame, one ploughland ; also Kilevalenvalise and 
Ardnigihie, one ploughland; also Fydane, half ploughland, and 
Ballynydreydinagh, half ploughland, in the county Cork, into which 
one Hugh Cuffe hath wrongfully entered. Here it is stated that 
Marian FitzGerald FitzGibbon dr. to Gerald FitzGibbon and Ellice 
her sister, co-heii'esses, were seized in coparcenary of Ballinoran. 

61. Same claims a rent of 13s. 4sd. out of the lands of Cahirdrow- 
nye, county Cork, in the possession of one Arthur Hyde. 

* Sic. 


1588 VOL. CXXXVI. 

62. Maurice Lord Roche, Viscount Fermoy, claims half a plough- 
land in Park Cwyleny, one ploughland and half in Garrynye Glennye, 
county Cork, into which one Hugh Cuffe hath wrongfully entered. 

63. Same claims the lands of Dirywillane, three ploughlands, 
in county Cork, which one Arthur Hyde hath wrongfully entered. 

64. Same claims the lands of Cogayne Rathe, in Mouskridonigan, 
county Cork, into which one Hugh Cuffe hath wrongfully entered. 

65. Same claims the lands of Doddes Castle (parcel of Beallaha- 
hie) and the lands of Jerrell, co. Cork, into which Cuffe hath entered. 

Answers were made to the several Bills of the said Lord Roche in 
the same form and to the same effect as to the first Bill in this book 
was answered. 

The Commissioners would not hear Lord Roche's cause concerning 
Carrigleamlery [vide ante, No. 33], as they were informed that the 
witnesses for Her Majesty had been sinisterly seduced by Lord 
Roche, and unless the cause concerning Carrigleamlery were heard 
Lord Roche would not go to the hearing of any other of his causes. 

66. Dermody M'Cartie, of the Blarney, county Cork, claims the 
lands of Carrig Ilyn, alias Bever, in county Cork, which Sir Warham 
Sentleger hath wrongfully entered. 

Answer. Same as to first Bill. 
. The plaintiff was not ready to have his cause heard. 

67. William Fleming, of Dublin, claims the lands of Roynes, 
Glangellane, Downgerrod, and Woughwally in Kinalea. 

Answer. Same as to first Bill 

The plaintiff conveys not title to himself by the Bill. 

68. Edmond Wolfe, of Wallenstown, county Limerick, claims 
the lands of Ballinontimory, 14 acres and 10 gardens and 10 tene- 
ments in Rachelly, half ploughland in Williamstown, alias Ballin- 
william, and other small parcels of land, into which Henry 
Billingsley hath wrongfully entered as patentee to Her Majesty. 

Answer. Same as to first Bill. 

This standeth in like case as his Bill No. 49, ante. 

69. Margaret Skyddye, late wife to Philip Roche, late of Kinsale, 
county Cork, claims the third part of the lands of Noghovull, Glan- 
gullan, Dongerrott, and the Raines, in Kynalea, county Cork, as her 
dower. One Arthur Robyns hath entered the said lands. 

Answer. Same as to first Bill. 

The plaintiff being heard could prove no title. 

70. Gerrett MacJohn M'Gibon claims the lands of Cool Cannie, 
containing half a ploughland, the lands of Farren M'Codrie con- 
taining quarter of a ploughland, the lands of Rathurnam containing 
half a ploughland, and the town and lands of the Fyddans, con- 
taining half a ploughland, together with part of Ballyrowe, being 
in Muskry Donogany, in county Cork. One Hugh Cuffe has 
wrongfully entered the said lands. 

Answer. Same as to first Bill. 

He did not make any proof of his title. 

71. Gerrott M'John M'Gibon. This is a repetition of the pre- 
vious entry. 

72. Sir Thomas [FitzGerald] of Desmond, knight, claims the lands 



of Meane Thohy, Clyraenery, and Muskrynowan, in co. Limerick, 
which one Henry Owtread [Ughtred] hath wrongfully entered. 

Answer. Same as to first Bill. 

He was heard and proved no title. 

73. Edmund FitzGibbon, alias White, Knight of Balliboy, in 
county Tipperary, Esq., claims the lands of Glanahaglyssy, half a 
ploughland in Clangibbon, in the county Limerick, which Richard 
and Alexander Fitton or Phitton have wrongfully entered. 

Answer. Same as to first Bill. 

The Bill alloweth no title in the Queen, nevertheless it was heard 
but no sufficient matter proved on his behalf. 

74. Gerrat -More, of Ballymore, county Kerry, claims the town 
and lands of Ballymore, which have been seized for Her Majesty. 

Answer. Same as to first Bill. 
He did not prosecute his suit. 

75. Maurice Shighane, of Rathmore, in the county Limerick, 
claims the lands of Dromebegge, half a ploughland, in county Lime- 
rick, which one John Day, lessee to Sir George Bowcher, hath 
wrongfully entered. 

Ansiver. Same as to first Bill. 

He proved that the Earl of Desmond enfeoffed him of the land 
before his entry into treason, and shewed forth the Earl's deed for the 
same, and brought witnesses to prove the ensealing and delivery 
of the deed, wherefore he is allowed to sue his petition according 
to the Commission. 

7G. John Coppinger, of Cork, claims the lands of Crosshaven, in 
the said county. Sir Warham Sentleger hath wrongfully entered 
into 90 acres thereof. 

An&iver. Same as to first Bill. 

The matter was heard and the title of the plaintiff was not 

77. James Ronaine, of Cork, alderman, and James Hore, of Cork, 
citizen, claim that the lands of Rochestown, KnocknenioUaght and 
Mondfeildestown, three ploughlands belonging to James Ronaine, 
and the lands of Monygorynny, and Brodell, Ballymony and Bal- 
lyvolledy, Ballencurry and Kylley, three ploughlands belonging to 
James Hore, and all situate in Kerrycurihy, in county Cork, are free 
from the burdens and exactions untruly found by an Inquisition 
taken at Cork, Oct. 17th, 28th Eliz. 

Answer. Same as to first Bill. 

There lies no petition, traverse, or monstrans de droit, and the 
Queen's counsel affirmed the lands to be the Queen's Majesty's. 

78. Roger Warre [Popham's son-in-law] claims the barony of 
Imokilly, county Cork, by grant from Her Majesty, and complains 
that one James White has disturbed him in the following lands 
being parcels of Imokilly, viz. : Kylrashe, Campane, Cronewalley, 
Ballyvoickwellie, Mugelly, Garry Ightragh, Killinnmckie, Bane-ni- 
Voyrd, and Grandsheagh. 




Sept. 3. 


Sept. 8. 

Sept. 8. 



79. Sir Warham Sentleger claims the barony of Kenycuny, in 
county Cork, by grant from Her Majesty, and complains that one 
William Gogan has disturbed him in the following lands, being 
parcels of Kerrycurry : Knocknebarett, Ballyen, Adane, Tallaghe, 
Bally- villo, Knockneskehie. 

80. Sir John Power, knight, Baron of Coraghmore, claims the 
lands of Keapcoyne in Decies, in county Waterford, which one John 
Knight hath wrongfully entered. 

Answer. Same as to first Bill. 

To overthrow the title made by the Bill, two matters were alleged 
by Her Majesty's counsel, which are set forth in detail. 

81. Sir Owen McCarthy, knight, claims the lands of Kynalmeaky 
which one Phane Beecher hath wrongfully entered. 

Her Majesty's counsel denied Kynalmeky to be parcel of Car- 
bery, and showed that Sir Owen had no title thereto. 

82. Walter Wadding claims the lands of Knockmoane, Carri- 
leaghe, Carrygrowe, Dunbruk, Culecrompe, Glanvaddery, Ballin- 
court, and Kyleshill, in county Waterford, which have been seized 
to the use of Her Majesty. 

Answer. Same as to first Bill. 

Note. Here follows a summary of the evidence produced, and 
the arguments used at the hearing of this claim, pp. 64. 

This document consists of 36 parchment leaves sewn together, 
each leaf having at foot the signatures of the Commissioners, viz. : 
Anderson, Gardener, Gent, Smithes, Becon, Hele, and Wilbraham, 
and on the last page occur also the signatures of Sir Henry Wallop, 
Sir Nicholas White, Sir Lucas Dillon, and Sir Egbert Dillon. It 
is to be observed that one leaf is entirely . blank. The claims 
contain, like Chancery Bills, a good deal of family history. It is 
worthy of notice that only in one instance (vide, No. 75) did a 
claimant obtain anything like a success. Ireland, Folios, Vol XIII. 

22. Sir George Care we to Walsyngham in favour of the bearer, 
Mr. Kyndellmarshe, who with his men and horses hath served 
continually these twelve years without wages. Seal broken, p. 1. 

23. Privy Council to the Lord Deputy, 
of it at Sept. 12, page 32, No. 35. pp. 11. 

Draft, but see calendar 

24. Vice-President Tho. Norreys to Walsingham. A Spanish ship 
near Tralee. Three of the company swam ashore and confessed to 
be of the fleet encountered by the Lord Admiral Howard. The 
ship's company yielded themselves and their ship to Lady Denny. 
Sack and munition. The Suffrein of Dinglecush has forwarded to 
him a copy of a letter written and sent ashore by one of the captains 
of certain Spanish ships arrived there. Norreys is going towards 
the Spaniards with 200 foot and 50 horse, p. 1. Incloses. 

24. i. Dominick Ryesse Suffrein of Dinglecush. Spaniards in the 
Sound of Blasgay (Blasquets.') A Scotchman taken prisoner by 






them, reports them, sick, destitute of victual, and in great extremity 
for want of knowledge. A great gatteas with 1,000 men. Copy, 
p. I. 

25. Captain Pietro de Quibel to the Governor [or President of 
Munster]. Touching three Castilian ships driven by stress of 
weather. Captain Pietro Rodriguez intreats for good treatment 
and friendship. [This is a portion of the Spanish letter sent ashore 
by one of the Captains of certain ships and mentioned by Vice- 
President Thomas Norreys to Walsyngham.] Spanish, p. |-. 

Sept. 8. 26. Richard [Burke] Lord of Dunkellin to Walsyngham. His 
Oxford. father's wish that Walsyngham should pay up his College debts and 
remove him to the Court, p. 1. 

Sept. 9. 27. Lord Deputy and Council of Ireland to Treasurer Burghley. 

Dublin. It may please your Lordship for that we have not of long time 
received any advertisement from thence touching the Spanish 
attempts now on foot against Her Majesty and Her dominions ; and 
that here is not wanting in these parts diversity of rumours raised 
by the ill-affected to trouble and lead astray the minds of the people 
thereby to distemper the government so much as in them lieth ; we 
are bold to signify the same to your Lordship, humbly leaving- it to 
your Lordship to consider how much it concerneth this government 
(in so dangerous and broken time as this is) to have a correspon- 
dency of intelligence from thence, at least touching those foreign 
designs, which we cannot but think are pretended against this realm, 
what contrary appearances so ever are made ; wherein for some more 
particular information of your Lordship we have sent you herewith 
the confession of one of this country, departed from the Groin 
[Corunna] since the Spanish army left that place, which being the 
latest and most certain advertisement we [have] had touching the 
Spanish affairs, we thought not unfit to send it to your Lordship, 
humbly leaving it to your construction, and withal assuring your 
Lordship that howsoever things go on Her Majesty's side touching 
those wicked attempts of Spain, there are here seducing spirits that 
cease not to abuse the expectation of this country people with 
rumours contrary, rather serving their " affectes " than that they are 
grounded upon truth ; with the authors whereof we cannot so exactly 
deal, as we might, if we had notice from thence of the estate and 
passage of things there, wherein we submit ourselves to your Lord- 
ship's help. We have also sent your Lordship another declaration 
made by one of this town [of Dublin] arrived here yesterday from 
Spain ; and also the copy of a letter written to Sir R. Bingham 
from his brother George, which this day came to our hands, in 
which appeareth nine great ships to be upon that coast, which we 
think to be a matter of weight. Original, p. 1. Incloses, 

27. i. Examination of Nicholas Furlong who lay at the Groin 
[Corunna'} when the Spanish Fleet departed ivith 22,000 men to land 
at Mount's Bay i/n Cornwall. The Duke of Parma was to land in the 
Isle of Wight with 40,000. The Duke de Guise with 20,000. The 




Sept. 9. 



King of Scots to invade tlte North of England with 30,000. There 
were 500 English and Irish in the Spanish army. pp. 2. Sept. 8. 

27. n. Declaration of Adam Goodman. The neivs of the Spanish 
loss made the Spaniards and Portuguese very sad. They are prepar- 
ing another Navy with some forces and victuals. A rrival of treasure 
from the West Indies. Sept. 9. Copy. p. 1. 

27. in. G. Bingham to Sir Richard Bingham. Describes three 
Spanish ships which bore down towards the harbour of Calebeg 
[Killibeggs]. O'Rourke's son who ran away from Oxford lieth on the 
borders with 200 kern. M'Glanathie hath made proclamation that 
all the woodkerne, shall resort unto him, and they shall have enter- 
tainment. Sept. 5. Ballymote. Copy. p. 1. 

28. Lord Deputy and Council to Walsyngham. Seducing spirits 
cease not to abuse the expectation of the people with rumours 
contrary to the truth, p. 1. Inclose, 

28. i. Examination of Nicholas Furlong. Calendared above 
p. 27, No. 27 L pp. 2. 1588, Sept. 8. 

28. ii. Declaration of Adam Goodman. Calendared above 
No. 27 H. 1588, Sept. 9. Copy. p. 1. 

28. in. Geo. Bingham to Sir Richard Bingham. Calendared 
above No. 27 in. 1588, Sept. 5. Copy. p. 1. 

Sept. 9. 29. Vice-President Thomas Norreys to Walsyngham. He is sorry 
Shandon. for the execution done on the Spaniards by Sir Edward Denny for 

certain respects. Advertisements of 140 sail arrived on the coast. 

pp. 2. Incloses, 

29. I. Examination of the Spaniards taken in the Bay of Tralee. 
There were 24 Spaniards taken in tJie Bay of Tralee, all of Castile 
and Biscay, which were executed because there was no safe keeping 
for them. They all agree that in the whole fleet there was only seven 
score and ten sail bound for Calais of purpose to have met with 
the Prince of Parma there, whereof when they failed, they deter- 
mined to go for Flanders, but meeting Her Majesty's fleet at sea, 
they were, after a small fight, discomfited and dispersed. 

Item, they say they lost in the fight only six sail and so after- 
wavds [there] remaining but 70 sati, the rest being lost in the fight 
and dispersed, fell with the coast of Ireland, not knowing where 
they were, but resolved to return for Spain, but that they were kept 
back by contrary winds. 

Item, they confess that there was aboard an Englishman called 
Don William, a man of a reasonable stature, bald, and very like 
Sir William Stanley. And that the said Don William is in one 
ship with the Duke of Medina Sidonia. Item,, they say that they 
lost the said Duke by tempestuous weather about 18 days svnce, 
whom they think to be somewhere near to this coast. 

Item, three of them offered ransoms for their lives, promising tftat 
they should find friends in Waterford to redeem them, whose names 
they would not tell. Copy. p. 1. 



, KQQ 


Sept. 9. 

Sept. 10. 


30. Alexander Bry wer, Mayor and others, to the Privy Council 
in England. Report that there is a great fleet of Spaniards on the 
coast. Inclose, 

30. i. Mayor and others to tJie Mayor of Waterford. Eleven ships 
in the river of Limerick. 140 ships of the Armada, as it is thought, 
are beaten by the weatfier to the coast. 1588, Sept 8, Limerick. 
Copy. pp. 2. 

31. Lord Deputy and Council to the Privy Council. Small hope 
of any assistance to be had in the Pale against the Spaniards. 
Desire a proportion of munition for 6,000 men. Lady Denny's 
letter of the arrival of 24 ships in the Shannon, p. 3. Inclose, 

31. i. Sir R. Bingham to the Lord Deputy. Even now I received 
this enclosed letter from the sheriff of Thomond, by which your 
Lordship shall perceive some further news of strange ships : whether 
they be of the dispersed fleet which are fled from the supposed over- 
throiv in the Narrow Seas, or new forces come from Spain directly, 
no man is able to advertise otherwise than by guess, which doth 
rather show their coming from Spain, both by these fatting from the 
west, and the others which coasted along the north parts of Sligo, 
but I expect very present news either from the one place or the other, 
for by all likelihoods they mind to land. I look this night for my 
horses to be here, and upon receipt of further intelligence I will 
make towards the sea coast, either upwards to Thomond or down- 
wards to Sligo. The board which was found in the cock-boat I send 
herewith to your Lordship, in which is some mystery hidden under 
the " bume " of three letters ; but it should seem to be a 'mark under 
the K. P., the Catholic King's name. 

This 'morning I had news brought me that the Devil's Hook 
[i.e., Richard M'Rickard Burke'], a notable malefactcn* of the Burkes 
in Mayo, hath of late taken a dozen skiffs or small boats with certain 
kernes into the islands there, by which should seem that they have 
knowledge of some foreign enemy to land thereabouts, for till now 
I have not heard of him a good while. 1 could wish (if so it please 
your Lordship) that we had some lasts of powder with lead and 
match in the store here, for it is the thing we shall greatly want if 
stirs arise, and being there, it is as safe as in any otlier place, and 
hereof I beseech your Lordship to consider. Also I think it were 
very convenient to levy a band of footmen of this country people, 
I r mean such as have been soldiers, for if service come on we shall 
lack them,, and prevent their going away to the enemy, which is like 
enough else, that they will ; here is store of idle men, and if we 
employ them not they will seek it of others, and if we need them not, 
it is but their charges of a month's entertainment at the most. 
Herein I beseech you to signify to me your pleasure also. 1588, 
Sept. 8, at 1 o'clock, Athlone. Copy. pp. 1. Incloses, 

31. II. Boetius Clanche [sheriff of Clare] to Sir R. Bingham. 
Right Worshipful, Last night two ships were seen about the islands 
of Arran, and it is thought that more sails were seen westward from 


1588. VOL ' CXXXVL 

the islands, but in truth one ship is anchored vn, an unusual 
harbour, about a mile ivestward from one of Sir Turlough O'Brien's 
houses called Liscannor ; ike said ship had two cockboats, whereof 
one brake from the ship and landed, and is not like our English 
cockboats ; it would carry 20 men at least, and it is painted red, 
with the red anchor, with an earthen vessel like an oil "prock," and 
the small board which this bearer shall deliver your worship was 
also therei/n, found. What the vessel is I do not know ; they offered 
to land the last night in one of the cockboats, which they could not 
do by reason of weather, and the harbour. I do here watch with the 
most part of the inhabitants of the barony, and shatt so continue 
till I shall learn further certainty, and as I shall learn I will 
advertise your worship. 1588, Sept. 6, Fields of Liscannor. Copy. 

31. in. Sir R. Bingham to the Lord Deputy. Seven ships arrived 
at Carg-e-cotte [Carrick ne Gowley], not 20 miles off Limerick. 
1588, Sept. 8, after dinner, Athlone. Copy, p. $. Incloses, 

31. IV. Boetius Clanchye, sheriff of Clare, to Sir R. Bingham. 
Certainty of the arrival of the Spaniards. 1588, Sept. 6, Fields of 
Liskannor. Copy. p. 1. Incloses, 

31. v. Nicholas Cohan to Boetius Clanshee, Esq., sheriff of Clare. 
Seven ships from Flanders and Spain arrived before Caryge-e-colle. 
1588, Sept. 5, Caryge-e-colle. Copy. p. 1. 

31. vi, George Fanynge, mayor, to the mayor of Waterford. Of 
the Spanish ships. Sent by the Lord Deputy, &c., Sept. 10. 1588, 
Sept. 8, Limerick. Copy. p. 1. 

31. vii. Sir R. Bingham to Fenton. Callogh M' James McDonnell 
said to have slain Capt. Merryman. His messenger Cormagh to be 
despatched back with speed. Sept. 7, Athlone. Copy. p. 1. 

Sept. 10. 32. Lord Deputy and Council to Burghley. They have neither 
Dublin. men, money, nor munition to answer these extraordinary services. 
The coming in of Scots. Inclose, 

32. i. Sir R. Bingham to the Lord Deputy. Calendared above, 
p. 29, No. 31 1. 1588, Sept. 8, at 1 o'clock, Athlone. Copy. pp. 1J. 

32. n. Boetius Clanche to Sir R. Bingham. Calendared above, 
p. 29, No. 31 n. 1588, Sept. 6, Fields of Liscannor. Copy. p. 1. 

32. HI. Sir R. Bingham to the Lord Deputy. Seven Spanish 
ships at Carrick [ne Gowley. 1588, Sept. 8, after dinner, Athlone. 
Copy. p. ^. Calendared above, No. 31 in. 

32. iv. Boetius Clanchy, sheriff of Clare, to Sir R. Bingham. 
Calendared above, No. 31 IV. 1588, Sept. 6, Fields of Lyskannor. 
Copy. p. 1. Incloses, 

32. v. Nicholas Cohan to Boetius Clanshee, Esq. The parley 
which he and Owen M'Sweeny had with the Spaniards. Sept. 5, 
Caryg-e-coUe. Copy. p. 1. Same as above, No. 31 v. 



32. vi. Sir R. Singham to Secretary Fenton. Sithence the 
packing up of my other letters news is brought hither that there 
should be a 600 Scots with bows, 600 with shirts of mail, and 300 
English Scots landed in the north under the leading of Angus 
M'DonneU's youngest brother , viz., Cattough M' James [M'Donnell], 
and they have slain Captain Merriman, with 30 of Captain Mostyn's 
band and as many more of Captain Jordan's company, and they 
give it out that they come into Connaught for a revenge. This is 
but a report, not delivered of any credit. 1588, Sept. 7, Athlone. 
Copy. p. 1. Same as above, No. 31 vii. 

Sept. 10. 33. Lord Chief Justice Anderson of England and others to the 

Cork. Privy Council. Spaniards taken at Dingle Gush. Seven ships 

more before Carrick ne Cowley, within the Shannon. Four ships 

at anchor at the Lupus Head, where it hath not been known that 

ships have anchored, pp. 2. Inclose. 

33. i. Examination of ike Spaniards, Tralee. Copy. Calendared 
above, p. 28, No. 29. I. 

Sept. 10. 34. Mr. Attorney General Sir John Popham to Burghley. My 
Cork. duty unto your Lordship most humbly remembered. For that it 
is taken to be of importance here to certify unto your Lordship and 
the rest of the Lords [of the Council] what hath happened here by 
the arrival of sundry of the ships of the Spanish fleet on the north 
west coast of this realm with all expedition, the Lord Chief Justice 
Anderson and others here thought it best to despatch away a 
servant of mine this bearer with the same in one of the barks 
stayed here for the Chief Justice's return into England. The 
advertisements are that on Thursday last and sithence that time, 
there arrived first a bark which wrecked at the Bay of Tralee 
another great ship being also now near that place. After that two 
great ships and one frigate at the Blasquets in the Sound there, 
seven other sail in the Shannon by Karryg-ni-Cowly, whereof two 
are taken to be of a thousand tons apiece, two more of 400 tons 
the piece, and three small barks. At the Lupus Head four great 
ships and toward the Bay of Galway four great ships more. It is 
thought that the rest of that fleet wherein the Duke of Medina Sidonia 
was, which were severed by a late tempest, are also about some 
other parts of this land. Before they were last severed it seemeth 
by the Spaniards taken, there were not passing 70 sail left. The 
people in these parts are for the most part dangerously affected 
towards the Spaniards, but thanks be to God, that their power, by 
Her Majesty's good means, is shorter than it hath been, and that 
the Spaniards' forces are so much weakened as they are, whereby 
there is no great doubt had here of any hurt that may grow thereby, 
although they use all the diligence and provision they may to 
provide for and prevent the worst of it. 

For the business here, it hath gone very slowly on, for we were 
10 days here before there was anything to effect done, sithence 
which many bills have been exhibited to the number of 80, but 
the most of them of no great moment or frivolous. We hope to 


1588 VOL. CXXXVI. 

make an end so far forth as may be, the next week ; and then to 
return if our bark which we have sent away with this messenger 
may return again so soon. The Commissioners in their proceedings 
with the people do use the- matter in such good and temperate sort 
as the time requireth, hear all that is exhibited, and give such 
answer as in reason may pacify them. Holograph, pp. 3. 

Sept. 12. 35. Privy Council to the Lord Deputy. Answer to his letters of 
the 2nd, 14th, and 24th of August last. 

First touching the declaration sent, what sums of money have 
been paid, due for the composition made with the inhabitants of 
the province of Leinster for the garrisons in lieu of cess, between 
anno 1579 and anno 1588, and what sums remain unpaid ; we are 
sorry to see that Her Majesty has been from year to year so ill 
answered the same, considering how in regard thereof she hath 
been greatly charged with an increase of entertainment, yielded 
both to the foot-bands and horse-bands, as also to the principal 
officers ; and therefore we cannot but think it more profitable, 
unless Her Majesty may be better answered than she hath been 
in the years before, that the said composition should be dissolved 
and the soldiers cessed upon the country, and Her Majesty's pay 
reduced to the former lower rates, as in former times it hath been 
used, with some provision notwithstanding that the soldier shall not 
exact nor extort more upon the country, than by your Lordship 
and the rest of the Council there shall be set down meet for his 
diets and lodging ; but in this point touching the dissolving of the 
composition, our meaning is not that you shall proceed presently 
to do anything therein until we may hear further from you of your 
opinion and you also from us, for that we think it expedient before 
we mind to take any full resolution in that behalf that Sir John 
Perrot, the late deputy, should be conferred withal, whom we shortly 
look for to come hither. 

And whereas we find upon view of the book sent us of the charge 
of Her Majesty's army, signed by the deputy to the Clerk of the 
Check and not by himself, that the increase of the entertainment 
called in the book augmentation is continued as well to the prin- 
cipal officers and their retinue as to the horse-bands and foot-bands 
serving in the army there, contrary to Her Majesty's warrant, dated 
at Windsor the 12th of November in the 24th year of Her reign 
1582, we have thought good to put you in mind, that according to 
an express article contained in the late instructions given unto you 
the Lord Deputy, signed by Her Majesty, you cause the said increase 
of allowance to any others than to the bands of the horsemen and 
footmen to be stayed, saving unto such as have the same contained 
directly and in express words in their letters patent ; praying your 
Lordship that we may receive a note of such as have the said 
increase of allowance confirmed by their patents or any other good 
warrant from Her Majesty. 

Touching the note of munition which you send unto us, we find 
not the same in so large a proportion as were convenient, and there- 
fore do mean to move Her Majesty that in the next spring of the 


1588. Vot - CXXXVL 

year, for that we hope in the meantime there will be no great 
use thereof, there may be sent a supply thither of such things as 
shall be thought most needful, looking for the certificate of the 
remains in other places besides the Castle of Dublin ; and yet in the 
meantime we think it very meet that your Lordship should inquire, 
whether there be not some of that country birth, or some born 
within this realm residing there, that can skill of making saltpetre, 
and will make the same in that realm, and deliver it at some 
reasonable price to be converted into powder, whereby the charges 
of the carriage, the annoyance of the country here within this 
realm, and the hazard of the transportation may be avoided whereof 
of late the Master Smith there did of late time make some offers 
to me the Lord Treasurer [Burghley]. 

And whereas you desire to know our opinion whether it were 
convenient that such persons as are doubtful in that realm, as not 
soundly affected to the present government, should be restrained, 
although we hope that until the next year there will be no cause 
to restrain any such doubtful persons in respect of any foreign 
attempt, yet we cannot but put you in mind that there is special 
direction given unto you by your instructions to take such order 
with such persons as be held doubtful, as by you and the Council 
there shall be thought meet, and therefore when any just occasion 
of doubt shall be ministered unto you, you and the Council may 
use your discretion therein. 

And whereas we find in a paper intituled Sir John Perrot's 
declaration of the state of the realm, that both he, the said Sir 
John Perrot, your Lordship, and the rest of the Council there, are 
of opinion that all the province of Munster, except the escheated 
lands disposed to the undertakers, may be drawn to yield to a 
composition as well as Connaught, we think it very convenient that 
both you and the Council there should take some course to bring 
the same to pass, by appointing some well disposed Commissioners 
to join with the Vice-president and Councillors of that province 
that are not possessioners in the province to deal with the noblemen, 
gentlemen, and freeholders of the said province to yield some 
reasonable contribution, following as circumstances may serve the 
example of reduction of Connaught, to a reasonable revenue to bear 
a necessary garrison and so to ease the country from all cesses. 
And to draw them the more willingly to assent thereunto, you 
may put them in hope, that whereas they do now complain greatly 
of the oppression of the sheriffs, by keeping great numbers of kerne 
and other idle persons, who do greatly exact upon the country and 
commit divers outrages, that there may be some special order taken 
for the redress thereof. 

And for that the scarcity of money is generally very great in 
that realm as we do hear, we think it meet to be considered of by 
you and the Council there, whether some part of the composition 
answerable to Her Majesty in lieu of cess may not be paid in 
provision of victuals and provender which may be converted to 
the victualling of the soldiers and feeding of their horses to as great 

P41. C 


, K00 . VOL, CXXXVI. 


a benefit for Her Majesty as if the same were paid in money, being 
very likely that those of the said province will yield a more large 
contribution in that sort, if they may be relieved that way by 
yielding part in money and part in victuals, whereof we would be 
glad before you grow to any thorough conclusion for any such said 
composition, to understand from you what you think meet to be 
laid upon them, and what they will willingly yield unto, to the end 
upon the view thereof Her Majesty's pleasure may be signified unto 
you for your further proceeding therein. 

Touching your request to have at this present a supply of money 
from hence to serve the necessity of that realm, we are to let your 
Lordship understand that the occasions of use of money in respect 
of the late troubles have been so great here, as we think it not 
convenient to move Her Majesty therein as yet, and therefore we 
cannot in the meantime but put your Lordship in mind for your 
relief, to give order for the present calling in of such debts due 
unto Her Majesty in that realm as are sperate, and for levying 
such arrearages of rent in the said realm, as may appear to be due 
to Her Majesty by sundry persons, whereof books heretofore have 
been made there by the auditor and sent over hither, as also such 
other debts as are due for the composition in Leinster, whereof now 
lately you have sent hither a declaration containing notable 
arrearages from year to year. And because as you write that realm 
is very bare of money, we think meet of such as are not able to 
pay all in money, you accept in lieu of the aforesaid arrearages 
and debts due for the composition, part in money and part beeves 
or other provision which may be delivered by the victualler to the 
captains and soldiers for their entertainment, until some treasure 
may be sent over to that realm from hence, and yet you shall under- 
stand that there was 2,000. left at Chester for the victualler towards 
the answering of certain sums of money due for victuals heretofore 
taken up here and transported into that realm, whereof it seemeth 
by your letters you had no knowledge besides the 2,000?. delivered 
to the victualler in Ireland. 

Whereas Her Majesty, in a clause of Sir Valentine Browne's 
instructions, gave order that your Lordship should enter into con- 
sideration with the Council there how the claims made by the 
Seneschal of Imokilly and Patrick Condon might in some good sort 
be compounded, for that it is to be doubted otherwise that in time 
to come they might breed some disturbance to the undertakers, we 
pray your Lordship to certify how far forth you have proceeded 
therein, with your opinion in what sort they might best be dealt 
with, what pensions or portions of land you think meet to be 
allotted unto them, for that it is thought there will shortly suit be 
made unto Her Majesty for their liberty, which were not convenient 
to be granted, unless there be some order first taken how they may 
maintain themselves in some sort of dutiful living. 

[In margin. A clause touching the dissolving of the 120 horse- 
men allowed to the undertakers.] 

Lastly. Whereas Her Majesty being given to understand that 




whereas upon suit made unto her by divers of the undertakers in 
the province of Munster to have in lieu of the footbands, covenanted 
by certain articles that passed between Her Majesty and the said 
undertakers to be kept in the said province during the space of 
[blank] years, She was pleased upon request of the undertakers for 
change of the footmen into horsemen, there should be entertained in 
Her Highness's pay the number of 120 horse with the allowance 
of 12d. sterling per diem for every horseman, the use of the said 
horsemen being as some of the undertakers do al ledge not so meet 
for the defence of the said undertakers as the said bands of footmen ; 
and besides that Her Majesty is informed out of Ireland, that the 
most part of them have not the numbers to them allotted furnished, 
for the which notwithstanding they demand pay, and thereby the 
country not provided of that defence that were meet, until such 
time as the said province shall be better planted with those of 
English birth, therefore Her Majesty's pleasure is that the said 
120 horsemen shall be presently discharged and in lieu of them so 
many footbands now in the ordinary in pay within that realm, 
placed in the said province as is covenanted by the said articles, 
and that your Lordship shall cause inquisition to be made by some 
good means how many have kept the numbers of horses allowed, 
and how many have not kept the numbers, so as the same may be, 
as reason is, defalked, and that Her Majesty may be truly certified 
hereof, because of the information given. 

Draft with many corrections by Burghley. pp. 12. 

Sept. [12.] Copy of the above. [Entry Book, Ireland. Folios, VoL XII. 
p. 171.] pp. 4. 

Sept. 12. 36. Lord Deputy and Council to the Privy Council. Sir 

Dublin. Henry Bagenal sent to help the Earl of Tirone. There are not 7-50 

foot in bands in the whole realm. Cannot imprest the few soldiers 

for the shoeing of their horses. They look rather to be overrun by 

the Spaniards than otherwise, pp. 2. Inclose, 

36. i. Edward Keyes to the Lord Deputy. Ten sail of the 
Spaniards landed in Sir John O'Dogherty's country. 1588, 
Sept. 10. Tuesday, 8 o'clock at night, Blackwater. Copy. p. ^ 

36. n. Ricltard and Henry Hoveden (generally Ovingdon) to 
Hugh Earl of Tirone. Desire to know ivhat Tirone ivHl do against 
the Spaniards landed. 1588, Sept. 8;, Castle Berte. Copy. p. ^. 

36. in. Ridtard and Henry Hoveden to the Lord Deputy. 
Our very good Lord ; two days past Sir John O'Dogherty sent us 
word that some Spaniards were landed in his country, whereupon 
we sent a soldier of our own to bring us certain news to tJte end 
we might draw towards them ourselves and inform your Lordship 
of a truth, which soldier ivas taken by some of O'Dogherty's men, so 
that he is not yet returned. Since we have received assured word 
of their landiny to the number of 600 or 700 at least and as they 
give forth they mean to draw towards Galway. And also that 
tJiere is 1,500 sails of Spaniards [the number is mistaken by tJie 

c 2 




writer, who probably 'meant 15 sail] set forth to land [that is dis- 
embarked] in Ireland. 

These 700 Spaniards were driven in by force of weather into a 
creek named Glanganvey, where their ship is drowned with 200 or 
300 'men in her, and so would all the rest have been, were it not tJiat 
O'Dogherty's men went unto them with boats and did bring them to 
the shore ; and withall part of O'Dogherty's men Jiave been familiar 
among the Spaniards since tJieir landing, and it is said tJiat 
O'Dogherty himself hath been in speeches with them, which I think 
the rather to be true, for that he hath a fair target, a murrion, and 
a halberd of theirs which argueth to be received rather as a gift than 
to be had by any other means ; it is also affirmed by a man of 
M' Sweeney Ne Doe, that lie did see three sail on that coast yesterday, 
and some others say that there are 11 sail there in another creek 
towards the said M'Sweeney's country, and tJiese Spaniards that 
are landed are marched about an 18 miles into tJie country and do 
camp now within 12 miles from us. 0*Donnell is willing to serve 
against them, and hath none ' of his country as yet come in to him. 
passing 30 horsemen ; he hath sent for all his forces, but it is 
doubtful whether they will come to him or not ; we are 150 'men 
and will God willing be doing with tlw Spaniards as we may find 
our best advantage, though we are in doubt whether the country be 
true to us or not. So having thought good to signify thus much 
unto your Lordship we humbly take our leave. 1588, Sept. 8, 
Castle Berte. Copy. pp. 1. 

36. iv. Earl of Tirone to the Lord Deputy. His preparations 
against the Spaniards. 1588, Sept. 8, Dungannon. Copy. p. ^. 

36. v. Sir H. Bagnall to tJie Lord Deputy. Advertises the 
approach of the Spaniards. Sept. 11, Newry. Copy. p.~L. Incloses, 

36. vi. Edward Reyes to Sir Henry Bagenall. Ten sail of the 
Spaniards landed in Sir John O'Dogherty's country. 1588, 
Sept. 10. Tuesday, at night, Blackwater. Copy. p. i. 

Sept. 13. 37. Alexander Brywer, Mayor, to Walsyngham. Right honour- 
Waterfbrd. able, the third day after the sending away of my post to the Lords 
of the Council with the advertisement which came to me from the 
Mayor of Limerick of the arrival of 11 Spanish ships in their haven, 
I have received a letter out of Galway from a merchant of this city 
who is there, declaring also of some of the like ships to be arrived 
about those parts, and one of them being of the burthen of 1,000 
tons to be " ventred " at a place called Bums [Burrishoole in county 
Mayo], 20 leagues to the northward of Galway, whereof 16 of 
the company of that ship landed with chains of gold about their 
necks, and are taken by the Earl's tenant of that place, as by the 
circumstances of the said letter more at large may appear to your 
honour. Autograph with seal. p. 1. Inclosing, 

37. i. Geo. Wodloke to Mr. Alexander Brywer, Mayor of Water- 
ford. My duty remembered. I have thought good to certify your 
worship that I have seen a letter bearing date the 6th of September 


158g VOL. CXXXVT. 

being the present month of the arrival of one of the Spanish ships at 
a place called " Borreis," which is to the northward of Galway 20 
leagues, which place belongs to the Earl of Ormond. The same ship 
is cast upon the shore and past recovery, so as the most part of the 
men are lost and cast away. There is come ashore of them 16 
persons alive, with their chains of gold, and apprehended in the 
hands of a tenant of my Lord of Ormond, who dwells upon the 
same land, they report of certain that the ship was of the burthen 
of 1,000 tons, and had in her 50 pieces of brass, beside four great 
cannon, so as the ship is past recovery. There is within Jive leagues 
to the place where the ship was " venterd " seen seven great ships, 
which are plying off and on upon the coast, and is thought to be of 
their army. Also there is seen within 10 leagues of Galway two ships, 
and are at anchor these three days a seaward the island of Arran, 
and thought to be of the said company. In like manner hard by 
the entry of Limerick is seen six ships and thought to be of the said 
army. The cause of my knowledge is in this matter, I have read 
the letters sent from the north to Galway by a credible man, whose 
name is Mr. James Blake, and sent in post. Also I saw the letters 
sent by the Sheriff of Connaught to the Mayor of Galway, reporting 
of the ships that be at Limerick, that they made proffer to send their 
boats ashore, and the weather being so foul, could not land. At 
the writing hereof there came a messenger from Mr. Gerald Comerford 
of Galway, who declares that there came a man to him in post from 
-the ship, and brought with him certain tokens as a Jvat and a pane 
with other things that was in the ship, and upon sight of them Mr. 
Comerford did ride in post to the place where the ship was. For 
any other news here is none, but that there is great fear in these 
parts. 1588, Sept. 10, Galway. Copy. p. 1. 

Sept. 14. Queen Elizabeth to Sir Richard Greenville. Where we have 
some occasion offered to us by reason of certain ships of the Spanish 
Armada that came about Scotland and are driven to sundry parts in 
the west of Ireland, to put in readiness some forces to be sent into 
Ireland, as further occasion shall be given us, which we mean to be 
shipped in the river of Severn, to pass from thence to Waterford or 
Cork. We have thought meet to make choice of you for this service 
following. We require you that upon the north coasts of Devon 
and Cornwall, towards Severn, you make stay of all shipping meet 
to transport soldiers to Waterford, and to give charge that the same 
ships be made ready with masters, mariners, and all other maritime 
provisions needful, so as upon the next warning given from us or 
' from our Council they may be ready to receive our said soldiers, 
which shall be 300 out of Cornwall and Devon, and 400 out of 
Gloucestershire and Somersetshire. We have also some other 
further intention to use your service in Ireland with these ships 
aforesaid, whereof Sir Walter Rawley, knight, whom we have ac- 
quainted withal shall inform you, who also hath a disposition for 
our service to pass into Ireland, either with these forces or before 
that they shall depart. [Entry Book, Ireland, Folios, Vol. XII. 
p. 175.] p. I. 

o ir 



Sept. 14. 

Sept. 15. 

Sept. 16. 



38. Alexander Brywer, Mayor, William Lumbarde, and Patrick 
Lumbarde, Sheriffs, to the Privy Council, touching the Spanish ships 
in the haven of Limerick. \_Autogrs.~] Inclose, 

38. i. George Farming, Mayor, to the Mayor of Waterford. 
Happy news of the departure of the Spaniards. 1588, Sept. 12, 
Midnight, Limerick. Copy. p. 1. Incloses, 

38. n. Nicholas Kahane to the Mayor of Limerick or to 
Mr. Stephen White. After my most hearty commendations to your 
Worship, whereas you wrote to me to send you news from time to 
time, of this army, now, God be praised, those seven ships are gone, 
but one ship that they have burned and let her go to the shore. The 
said ship leaked and could not be mended. And, moreover, God 
Jtath cast to the coast of Donbegg a great ship from St. Sebastians, 
wherein were 300 men all drowned but three score or thereabouts ; 
another great ship cast in at I Breckane and lost ; they had both men 
and munition coming out of Flanders. As I have written to your 
Worship before, we, the forces of Thomond, were all every day and 
night watching them, until they were all gone, which is a great loss 
for us in this barony. Mr. Mayor and Mr. White, now I have done 
my service ; therefore, I pray you, fearing lest that here should 
come another such fortune, although I am Her Majesty's coroner in 
this county of Clare, provide me a commission, wherein I might go 
speak with them, and as you said I should have the Lord Deputy 
and Vice-President's favour and friendship 2 would gladly that 
they should know me as your Worship would wish me. I desire 
your Worship to content this bearer of 40 tescons, for by much ado 
I could get him to go there, for all men be about those ships that be 
lost. Mr. White, I p)'ay you, send me some paper and ink by this 
bearer. One of the said ships, as I think by report, was a 
" galiasse," was afore Sir Turlough O'Brien's town, and there lost 
one of her cockboats and one of their men. 

I will " never have none " to send your Worship, if. that you do 
not consider this boy. These two ships were lost at Tuesday, and 
those ships that were here went forth a Tuesday. Thus I take my 
leave, p. 1. 1588, Sept. 12, Kttrush. Copy. 

Queen Elizabeth to the Lieutenants of counties, for putting 
men in readiness to march for Ireland within an hour's warning. 
[Entry Book, Ireland, Folios, VoL XII., p. 176.] p. 1. 

39. Lord Deputy Fytzwylliam to Burghley. God hath fought 
by shipwrecks, savages, and famine for Her Majesty against these 
proud Spaniards. The Mayor of Dublin's loan of 500Z. If the 
Earl of Thomond had remained in Ireland he might have done 
good service. [Autogr.] p. 1. Incloses, 

39. i. Sir Richard Bingham to the Lord Deputy. Approves of 
the Munster bands being appointed towards Limerick. Twenty 
sail of Spaniards between Limerick and the Isles of Arran. The 
forces in the north should draw towards Sligo, there being 26 sails 



15 oo. 

below M* Sweeney Ne Doe's country. Sept 14, out the Lord Birming- 
ham's house called Dunmore. [Extract.] p. 1. 

Sept. 16. 40. Lord Deputy Fytzwylliam to Walsyngham. To hasten five 
or six ships from Bristol to the Irish coast to destroy the 40 sea- 
beaten vessels returning into Spain. Autog. p. 1. Incloses, 

40. I. Sir It. Bingham to the Lord Deputy. Extract calendared 
above, p. 38, No. 39. I. 1588, Sept. 14, Dunmore. p. 1. 

40. n. Declaration of the disbursement of 6,000?., last sent over 
by Fantleroy, the Wth of August 1588. p. 1. 

Sept. 16. Copy of the above letter, and extract of Sir R. Bingham's, and 
also of the declaration of the disbursement of 6,OOOZ. [Entry Book, 
Ireland, Folios, Vol. XII., pp. 176, 177.] pp. 2. 

Sept. 16. 41. Sir H. "Wallop to Burghley. The Prince of Asculo, base son 

Cork. to the King of Spain, drowned in the Sound of Blasquay (Blas- 

quets), 5 miles by West Dinglecush. The ships which tried to 

sail from Dingle are turned back by the wind. No fear of any hurt 

by foreign invasion this year. [Autogr.] p. 1. Incloses, 

41. i. Examination of Emanual Fremoso, a Portuguese, he was 
in the ship called Don John of Oporto in Portugal, of 1,100 tons, 
in which is Don John Martinez di Ricaldo, who is Admiral of the 
whole fleet and is next under the Duke. He says 135 sail left the 
Groin [Corunna] the 15th day after Midsummer by their account. 
The Spanish fleet being sent to the Duke of Parma struck sail off the 
Lizard all night, and next morning saw the English fleet. They 
were chased from Calais through the firing from, the English ships, 
where they left their anchors. Four or five die every day of hunger 
and thirst. Describes the several fights, losses, storms, and dis- 
persion of the fleet. The Admiral's ship with several others cast 
into the coast of Dinglecush. When the Spaniards were before 
Calais there came a pinnace from the Duke of Parma, who told 
them the Duke could not be ready until the Friday following. 
Copy. Sept. 12. pp. 4. 

41. n. Examination of Emanuel Francisco, a Portuguese. The 
loss of a gallias and the gallions St. Philip and St. Matthew, 
with other ships in the fight off Calais. The Admiral's mast so 
weakened by the shot through it that they dare not bear the sails 
they might to take them to Spain. The best in the Admiral's ship 
are scarcely able to stand. Copy. p. 1. 

41. in. Examination of John de Licornio or de la Conio of 
Lekite, or Licket in Biscay, mariner in the Admiral's ship. 110 
remained of the Spanish navy after the fight off Calais. The 
Duke de Medina's commandment not to go on land on any place 
without his special order. After the English fleet departed the 
Spaniards cast out the horses and mules into the sea to save their 
water. Copy. p. 1. 



41. iv. Examination of Pierre O'Carr, a Fleming. The fleet 
sailed with 22,000 soldiers, besides sailors from Lisbon. The 
general is the Duke of Medina Sidonia. Particulars of their loss. 
His ship was the St. John, 900 tons, Captain John Martin de 
Ricalda, vice-admiral of 20 ships, next in government unto the 
Duke of Medina Sidonia. They lost the Duke of Medina upon 
coast of Norway. Their ships, wind-driven, being much spoiled by 
the English fleet. He reckons one-half of the Spaniards have 
perished. Don Francisco Pacheco, master of the camp, slain. Don 
Pedro de Valdesco was taken with his ship, being of great burthen. 
The fleet went as far north as 62 degrees. The Admiral sick, 62 
years of age, and a man of service. A bastard son of King 
Philip's is in this fleet. He is 24 years of ago, and is called the 
Prmce of Asculagh [the ancient Asculum, 90 miles to the north- 
east of Rome] in Italy, he went in a ship with the Duke of Medina 
Sidonia. This Pri/nce passed from them i/n, a pinnace about Calais. 
Sept. 10 and 12. pp. 2. 

41. v. Examination of John Anthony of Genoa, mariner. [The 
Prmce of Asculo], the Spanish King's base son, came in the com- 
pany of the Duke of Medina Sidonia's ship, called the gaUion of 
St. Martin, of 1,000 tons, but at Calais where Sir Francis Drake 
came near them, this Pri/nce went in a pinnace to the shore, and 
before his return the Duke was driven to cut his cables and let go 
his anchors and to depart, whereby the Prmce could not recover 
that ship, but came into the ship called Our Lady of the Rosary, 
with Don Pedro, Don Diego, Don Francisco, and others. His ship, 
Our Lady of the Rosary, struck on the rocks in the Sound of Blas- 
quets, when a captavn kitted the pilot, this examinate's father say- 
ing it was by treason. There were 4,000 kitted in fight off Calais, 
and 1,000 drowned in two ships. Att the company, 500, including 
the King of Spain's base son, the Prince of Asculo, drowned on 
Tuesday last, excepting only this examinate. Sept. 15. pp. 3. 

41. vi. Edward Whyte to his brother Alderman Stephen White. 
Three Spanish ships departed from the harbour of SUgo. Ships 
at Tirawley, Irris, the Isles of Arran, Galway Road, Lwmore, Sir 
Turlough O'Brien's place. 400 Spaniards fortify at Battycroohie. 
68 Spaniards drowned and slain at the Island of Cleere in Irris 
[Clara Island on the coast of Mayo}. 72 Spaniards taken inn 
Tirawley by Wittiam Burke of Ardnary. Melaghlvn M'Cabb kitted 
80 Spaniards with his gaUoglas axe. Extract. [TJie copy inclosed 
to the Privy Council on the 18th of September is rather fuller 
than this extract, and also is 'more accurate in givmg the names. 
The extracts were made in haste.} Sept. 12. p. 1. 

41. vii. N. Cohan to the Mayor of Limerick. Calendared above, 
p. 38, No. 38. n. Sept. 12, KUrush. Copy. p. 1. 

Sept. 16. 42. Sir H. Wallop to Walsyngham. God's favour and goodness 
Co*. towards Her Majesty and Her realms in dispersing the Spanish 
Armada, p. 1. Incloses, 



42. i. Examination of Emanuel Fermoise, a Portuguese. Copy. 
Calendared above, p. 39, .A r o. 41. 1. Burghley. 1588, Sept 12. pp. 5^. 

42. ii. Examination of Emanuel Francisco. Copy. Calendared 
above, p. 39, No. 41. n. Burghley. 1588, Sept. 12. p. 1. 

42. in. 'Examination of John de Licomio. Copy. Calendared 
above, p. 39, No. 41. in. 1588, Sept. 12. p. 1. 

42. iv. Examination of Pierre O'Car. Copy. Calendared above, 
p. 40, ^o. 41. iv. 1588, Sept. 10 and 12. pp. 3. 

42. v. Examination of John Anthony of Genoa. Copy. Calen- 
dared above, p. 40, No. 41. v. Burghley. 1588, Sept. 15. pp. 4. 

42. vi. Edward Whyte to his brother Mr. Stephen White, alderman. 
Copy. Calendared above, p. 40, No. 41. vi. 1588, Sept. 12. p. 1. 

42. vn. Nicholas Cohan to the Mayor of Limerick. Copy. Ca- 
lendared above, p. 38, No. 38. n. 1588, Sept. 12, KUrush. p. 1. 

Sept. 18. 43. Lord Deputy and Council to the Privy Council. The 
Dublin. Spaniards took the first wind that served to depart. Sixteen out of 
the 59 which were seen are wrecked. The wind'changed against them 
within 40 hours after their departure. The soldiers coming from 
England may be stayed. They had not 101. in money to imprest 
for this weighty service, pp. 2. Inclose, 

43. I. Brief of the wrecks of Spanish ships from the beginning to 
the 18th of September. The company in Our Lady of the Rosary 
wrecked in Blasquet's Sound. Probable loss of the Admiral in the 
tempest of the 17th and 18th. 1588, Sept. 17. pp. 3. 

43. i. Modem copy of the above inclosure. pp. 3. 

43. n. Sir R. Bingham to the Lord Deputy. The danger of the 
Spaniards going to ffRaurke or to the north parts. Desires the two 
bands may be sent. Certain bands to be drawn towards Limerick. 
He would gladly recover Don Pedro de Mendosa if he could. 1588, 
Sept. 14, Donmore. Copy. p. 1. 

43. in. Sir R. Bingham and otJters to the Lord Deputy. The 
Spaniards, about 1,400, who were at Torrama are gone to sea. 
Three ships cast away at Sligo. The forces on their way to be 
directed to Limerick. Twenty-six sail seen in M'Sweeny Ne Doe's 
country. Witt send into Dowdarraugh O'Malie to recover Don 
Pedro de Mendosa if he may. Eleven ships have assuredly been 
lost, and it is likely that few of those which have sailed will ever 
reach Spain. 1588, Sept. 15, Sunday morning, castle M'Garrat, in 
the county Mayo. Copy. pp. 2. Inclose, 

43. iv. Mr. Oerrald Comberford, Her Majesty's attorney in Con- 
naught, to Sir R. Bingham. The ship that was at Pollilly, by 
Torrane, has sailed, taking the company that was wrecked. James 
Blake, Ferriegh M 1 Tyrrell, Richard Iccoggy, Moilmory M'Ranyll, 
Marcus Roe M'TyrieU, and Thomas Burke M'Inabbe took out of the 


wreck a boat full of treasure, cloth of gold, velvet, &c. The Spaniards 
were commanded by the Pope not to harm Ireland. He departs 
presently to Tyrawly. 1588, Sept. 13. Copy. pp. 2. 

43. v. Examination of Petrus Baptista, purser of a ship called 
Sumiga, taken before the Bishop of Kildare. Impressment of 
galliasses at Naples. Two ships of the Spaniards drowned in the 
fight off Calais, with more than 10,000 (s^c) soldiers. The Spanish 
Admiral's edict to sail about Scotland for Spain. The whole fleet 
in great danger for want of bread, flesh, and water. The peace is 
broken between the Turk and the King of Spain for that the Turk 
took certain possessions of the Venetians which were under the King 
of Spain's tuition. Sept. 9. Copy. pp. 4. 

43. vi. Examination of Don Lewis de Cordua, in Andalusia, 
pp. 1 J. Copy. Calendered below, p. 50, No. 1. in. 

43. vn. Examination of Emanuel Fremoso. Calendared above, 
p. 39, No. 41. i. Burghley. 1588, Sept. 12. Copy. pp. 4. 

43. vra. Examination of Emanuel Francisco. Calendared above, 
p. 39, No. 41. H. 1588, Sept. 12. Copy. p. 1. 

43. ix. Examination of John de Licornio, of Licket. Copy. 
Calendared above, p. 39, No. 41. in. 1588, Sept. 12. p. 1. 

43, x. James Traunte to Sir Edward Denny. Received his letter 
at Downequeyn. Three great ships, one of 900 tons, being the 
Admiral's, whose name is John Martines de Ricaldo, ride at anchor' 
betwixt the 'Fereter's main island and the shore. The Prvncipe 
d'Ascula, base son to the King of Spain, drowned with 500 tall men 
in the Santa Maria de la Rosaria. The Duke himself t is in the 
galleon Saint Martin. 1588, Sept. 11, Dingle. Copy. p. 1. 

43. XL E. White to S. White. Calendared above, p. 40, No. 41. vi. 
Burghley. 1588, Sept. 12. Copy. pp. 2. 

43. xn. Richard and Henry Hoveden to the Lord Deputy. They 
with 150 men attacked the Spaniards at Illagh, Sir John O'Dog- 
herty's town, and the second day took them prisoners. Pray for a 
warrant for their victualling, &c. to Dublin. One of the prisoners 
has commanded 30,000 men. 1588, Sept. 14, Dungannon. [Printed 
in Barrow's Life, p. 333.] Copy. p. 1. 

Sept. 18. Copy of the above despatch, but not of the inclosures. [Entry 
Dublin. Book, Ireland, Folios, Vol. XII., p. 178.] p. 1|. 

Sept. 18. 44. Sir George Care we to Burghley. Doubtfulness of the Irish 
before the victory was known to be Her Majesty's. Many of the 
Spaniards put to the sword. [Calendared in Carew MSS., p. 471, 
No. 670.] Orig. p. 1. Incloses, 

44. i. Inventory of the remain of munition at Cork. 1588, 
Sept. 18. pp. 3. 

Sept. 18. Copy of inventory. [Entry Book, Ireland, Folios, VoL XII, 
p. 182.] pp. 2. 



45. Sir G. Carewe to Walsyngham. 3,000 Spaniards who came 
to land by swimming, &c. slain, besides about 2,000 drowned 
between Loughfoyle and the Dingle. Autog. [Printed in Garew 
MSS., p. 471, No. 669.] pp. 2. Incloses, 

45. i. Note of munition and ordnance in Munster. p. 1. 

46. Earl of Ormond to Mr. Comerford. To save the Spanish 
wreck at Burrishoole to Her Majesty's use, taking a perfect inven- 
tory of the goods. Prisoners to be safely kept at Galway, Clonmel, 
Kilkenny, and Waterford. The Duke of Medina Sidonia to be kept 
without irons, and to have Ormond's horse to ride on. [Sent by 
Richard Poer.] Copy. p. 1. 

47. Secretary G. Fenton to Burghley. No certain knowledge 
before yesterday of the quality or number of the Spaniards. A 
diffidence raised between the Spaniards and the Irish so long as the 
memory of the present transactions shall endure. Aut. p. 1. Incloses, 

47. I. Note of ships, 16, and men, 5,394, drowned, killed, and 
taken upon the coast of Ireland. Also of two ships and 800 men 
drowned and sunk in the north-west sea of Scotland, as appears by 
the confession of the Spanish prisoners. To this last is added, in 
Surghley's hand, " but in truth they war lost in Zelland." p. 1. 

Sept. 19. 48. Geff. Fenton to Walsyngham. The Irish more greedy of 
spoil than apt to hearken after other things. Aut. p. 1. Incloses, 

48. i. Note of ships and men of the Spanish fleet perished upon 
the coasts of Ireland, p. 1. 

Sept. 18. 


Sept. 18. 

Court at St. 

Sept. 19. 


Sept. 24. 


Sept. 24. 


Sept. 26. 


49. Sir H. Wallop to Lord Burghley. He intends to embark with 
his accounts for England with all expedition. The Lord Deputy 
misliketh that the 6,OOOZ. was not brought over to Ireland in 
ready money. Autogr. pp. 2. 

50. Sir H. Wallop to Walsyngham. The service in Munster has 
hindered his purpose to have been in England. Sir Edward Water- 
house. Sir Edward Barkley. Singular love to Walsyngham. 
Mr. Delves will declare the miserable state of King Philip's army. 
Wallop's pious feelings enkindled by God's good providence for Her 
Majesty. Autogr. pp. 2. 

51. Pa. Foxe to Walsyngham. My bounden duty most humbly 
remembered unto your Honour. It may please you to be advertised 
that lately after my Lord Deputy hath sent away the packet upon 
news had of the sinking of certain ships, and the killing of a great 
number of Spaniards in divers parts of Ireland, Captain William 
Mostyn came up from the north, and hath here reported how that 
certain other of the Spanish ships came to a haven in M'Sweeny Ne 
Doe's country called " Loghesullemore," and how that the said 
M'Sweeny joined with them and received them into the country, 
where (as it is thought) he meaneth to guard and .guide them. This 
course is dangerous and most likely, as I think, to grow much to the 
annoyance of that part of the realm, for of himself the said 


1588 VOL. CXXXVI. 

M'Sweeny is a man of great power, and no doubt if he continue in 
that action O'Rourke and other the neighbours of like disloyal 
minds by his procurement will join with them also, which if it shall 
so fall out, as it is much to be suspected, great hurt will grow thereby. 
But I hope my Lord Deputy and Council will take that course as 
their purpose shall be quickly prevented. It is also reported that a 
great number of the Spaniards that were stript naked by the soldiers 
that serve under the leading of both the flovedens are now come to 
the other Spaniards that landed in M'S weeny's country, and thither 
brought by the Bishop of Deny, a most seditious papist, and a man 
very like to procure great aid to the Spaniards if he can ; O'Donnell 
is lately come up with a company of Spaniards that were taken 
prisoners, to the number of 30, and is a suitor for the liberty of his 
son now pledge in the Castle of Dublin, in consideration that he 
lately hath served against the Spaniards. Touching mine own suc- 
cess since my coming hither, it may please your Honour to under- 
stand of it. I have about 10 days past delivered my letters to the 
Lord Deputy, but as yet received no answer at his hands. The 
clerk of the Council here doth what he can to keep me from the 
room of an ordinary clerk, alleging that none can be allowed without 
his consent, which I am able to disprove divers ways. I hope the 
Lord Deputy will rather be mindful to perform the contents of your 
Honour's letters written on my behalf for my continuance in the 
said room of an ordinary clerk, than he will to his bare and untrue 
suggestion, if he do not I can no less but make the same known to 
your Honour, who is able to redress my grief, and correct such as un- 
justly procure wrong to be done unto me. Sir Edward Waterhouse, 
of whom I made great account to be my good friend for your 
Honour's sake, is now bound over. 

Phelim OTool told me that Feagh M'Hugh O'Byrne lately was 
like to murder him in a parley that was appointed between them. 
There is no doubt that he is badly disposed, and if anything let him 
to do mischief, it shall be only want of ability. Autograph, pp. 2. 

Sept. 27. 52. Sir N. White to Lord Burghley. Having sent over the 
St. Katharines, bearer, this youth, my son, to be brought up in Cambridge where his 
brother was, I willed him to do his duty first to your Honour as his 
father's chiefest founder. We have here an universal report of the 
Earl of Leycestre's death, which is a great loss if it be true [ob. 
4th Sept.]. I humbly beseech your Honour to compound any un- 
kindness that may happen betwixt the Earl of Ormond and Sir 
John Perrot, being personages that greatly love and honour you. 
Herein I have by speech to the one and by letters to the other in- 
terposed myself as a poor well wilier to both. I do always offer my 
service and all that I can do to honour my Lord Deputy Fitz- 
William's government as well for my duty to his place, as for the 
care I know your Lordship and my Lady hath over him. [Autog.] 

Sept. [29.] 53. Abstract of the accounts of Treasurer Wallop for 9 years 
ending 29 Sept. 1588. pp. 19. 


,. oc VOL. CXXXVI. 


Sept. 30. 54. Lord Deputy Fytzwylliam to Walsynghara. The importunate 
Dublin Castle, suits and large offers made for the enlargement of Hugh Roe 
O'Donnell and Philip O'Reilly. Desires the continuance of their 
restraint, notwithstanding the letters written for their liberty. His 
earnest seeking to clear the country of all Spaniards, remembering 
their cruel pretence against Her Majesty's person and subjects. 
Autogr. pp. 2. 

Sept. 30. Copy of the above. [Entry Book, Ireland, Folios, V.ol. XII. p. 179.] 
pp. 2. Incloses, 

54. i. The course laid down by the Duke of Medina Sidonia for the 
return of the Armada to Spain. Calendared below, p. 49, No. 1. H. 
p. i. 

54. u. Eocamination of Don Lewis de Cordua. Calendared below, 
p. 50, No. 1. in. p. 1. 

Sept. 30. 55. Mr. Vice-President of Munster, Tho. Norreys, to Walsyng- 

Youghai. ham. That Mr. John FitzEdmondes, of Cloyne, entirely refused to 

deal or take part in compassing the marriage between the Earl of 

Clancar's daughter and Florence M'Carthy. Autog. Seal. p. 1. 

[Printed in the Life of Florence M'Carthy by D. M'Carthy, Esq.] 

Sept. 30. 56. Mr. Justice Jessua Smythes to Burghley. Right honourable, 
Cork. to perform that duty of my charge in advertising your Honours [of 
the Privy Council] of such things as fall out in this province: 
whereas it hath been advertised by me these three years past of the 
quiet subjection and general safety of men's persons and their goods, 
now of late there beginneth in my conjecture cause to fear the 
contrary in this county of Cork ; one Donnell Grany O'Mahowen, 
of late in England, of mean estate, but great power to do hurt, went 
first out and stood upon his keeping, when nothing was attempted 
or intended against him, and after entered, ransacked, brake, and 
burnt a castle, called Castle O'Mahown in Kinalmecky, part of the 
lands forfeited to Her Majesty. There is daily adhering unto him, 
providing of weapons and threatening to do all the murders they 
may, he walketh by night and often by day in Carbery at his 
pleasure, nothing is done against him during the Governor's absence 
out of the province, but a faint pursuit by a few Carbery kerne, 
birds of his own feather, upon this a like company have burnt 
another castle called Dunbeakan, these examples may be feared will 
be followed, quia natura est imitatrix vitiorum, to the terror of the 
husbandmen, whom the patentees would draw over. With your 
Honour's pardon, it were meet to be sharply and speedily prose- 
cuted by some such course as by your most honourable wisdom 
shall be directed. Mr. Vice-President [Thomas Norreys] is setting 
forth in person with his private band, with the company of the 
presidency, and a great part of the country forces, into Connaught 
against the foreigners and rebels there ; the occasion to hold him 
there may be longer than standeth with the safety of this province. 

There dwelleth Lieutenant Bostock, a serviceable gentleman on 
the borders of Kinalmecha ; he may be allowed a competent number 




of kerne equal to the number of the traitors, as they are or shall 
become, to be chosen by himself, and maintained on the borders 
of Carbcry, with pay and allowance of meat for footmen to be 
taken on that barony, which they have no cause to think much, 
seeing they were used to be charged as of duty to the crown to 
bear 100 footmen and 50 horsemen, fed and payed by the country 
until they procured a discharge, I will not say how. It is hoped 
that the marriage of the Earl of Clancarty's daughter shall not 
breed such consequence now, as hath been feared ; we of this 
province [of Munster] have been inquisitive of the circumstances 
which have been already advertised, and for the devisers and pro- 
curers that they were all the principal men of the county of 

Mr. John FitzEdmund FitzGerald of [Clone] in this county, as 
I learn by good intelligence, hath been touched in credit for it 
before your Honour's to have been a counsellor or persuader of the 
Countess of Clancarty to it. The gentleman is wise and considerate 
in all his doings, of great learning in good arts, and approved 
loyalty in all times of trial, just in his dealings, and may serve for 
a pattern to the most of this country. He hath solemnly deposed 
his innocency therein, with the greatest oaths and protestations he 
might devise, which have moved me to presume thus far with your 
Honour for the zeal I carry to truth ; he showed me a letter from 
a man of great place and credit, signifying that he was condemned 
thereof at court; ever since my first coming into this province 
I have found his sound affection to Her Majesty by all the best 
means he might use to express it, and during my being at Dublin 
I have heard by the best there of sundry his good services. And 
in this particular matter laid to his charge my betters no less than 
myself do know that he did by good counsel and politic, agreeable 
to Her Majesty's Government, dissuade and cross it the most he was 
able. Were not your Honour's most perfect knowledge of things 
here, the estate both of servitors and others were very miserable by 
untrue informations, which many times justify the faulty and bring 
good men into question according to the corrupt affections of the 
informers. [Autogr.] pp. 2. 

Sept 30. 57. Edward Whyte, Clerk of the Council in Connaught, to Wal- 
Athione. syngham. Muses on the providence of the Almighty, who would 
himself be a dealer for Her Majesty's preservation and drowned 
many thousand Spaniards upon the rocks. Praise of the great care 
and travail of Sir Richard Byngham which has kept the Spaniards 
from all kind of relief [Hologr.] pp. 2. Incloses, 

57. i. A discourse of the overthrow and shipwreck of the Spaniards 
on the coasts of Connaught and Thomond, with the relation of the 
loss of the ships and ihe number that are drowned, slain, and 
executed. Sir Richard Bingham's arrangements. The composition 
rent gathered before the coming of tfte Spaniards on account of the 
likelihood that the Irish would join the Spaniards. Don Alonso. 
De Leva with 600 men fortifies in the Castle of Ballycrwohie. 



1 5 oo. 

Giovanni Avandny and 14 Italians being ill-used desert. Don 
Pedro de Mendosa and 700 men drowned off the Isle of Clear. 
Dowdary Roe O'Maly puts 100 to the sword. Two ships lost with 
with 1,000 men and 140 who came on land executed. Certain 
Spaniards being stript were relieved by Sir Brian O'Rourke 
apparelled and new furnished with weapon. 300 Spaniards that 
came to land put to the sword, pp. 6. 

[This and the next paper are almost identical.] 

Sept. 58. Discourse of the Spanish wrecks. Henry Malbie, Esq., with a 

good company of horsemen of Roscommon attends on Sir Richard 
Bingham near Glynske, the house of Sir Hubert M'Davy. The 
Duke of Medina Sidonia in the great ship off Torane is supposed to 
be lost. Proclamation that every man should bring in any Spaniards 
he might have to the Justices of Peace within 4 hours on pain of 
death. Teig O'Flaherty and others bring in prisoners. 300 Span- 
iards executed at Galway. Commission for execution of all 
prisoners and stragglers yet reserved. Maurice FitzGerald, son to 
archtraitor James FitzMaurice FitzGerald, was cast into the sea 
with great solemnity before Torane. Don Lewis de Cordova. 
4,600 Spaniards drowned off Connaught, and 1,100 who escaped to 
land executed. Signed Sir Richard Byngham, Thomas Dillon, Esq., 
Chief Justice in Connaught and Thomond, Captain Anthony "Bra- 
bazon, Captain Robert Fowle, provost marshal of Connaught, 
and Captain Nathaniel Smythe. Copy. pp. 9. 

Sept. 30. 59. Certificate of money imprested to Beverley in two years. 
p. I. 

[Sept. 30.] 60. Petition of George Beverley, surveyor of Her Majesty's victuals 
in Ireland, for allowance of sundry great sums due to him. pp. 4. 

61. Another copy. pp. 4. 

Sept. 30. 62. Declaration of the account of G. Beverley, surveyor of the 
victuals in the Realm of Ireland for five years and 52 days. [Signed 
by C. Peyton.]' pp. 8. 

63. Collection of Concordatums granted by Sir John Perrot. 
pp. 9. 

Sept. 64. Queen Elizabeth to the Lord Deputy, &c. Warrant for a patent 

to the Countess of Desmond for a pension of 200. per annum. 
Minute, p. 1. 

Sept Copy of the above. [Entry Book, Ireland, Folios, VoL XII. 

p. 175. 

[Sept.] 65. Petition of the Countess of Desmond to Sir F. Walsyingham 

to have the first year's pension of her last grant paid now. The 
misery her children endure in Ireland, p. 1. 

[Sept.] 66. Review of the Composition of Connaught, and the faults and 

iniquities therein. Proposed reformation, pp. 4. 




Sept. 67. Petition of William Browne, of Mulrankan, to the Privy 

Council for the enjoyment of his grant of SQL in fee-farm which has 
been stayed by the malice of his adversary George Isame. p. 1. 

Sept. 68. Information by George Isame, of Bryanston, in the county of 

Wexford, to the Privy Council against William Browne of Mulran- 
can. p. 1. 

Sept. 69. Answer of William Browne, of Mulrankan, to George Isam's 

book. Charges against Isam. pp. 4. 

Sept. 70. Replication of George Isame to the answer of William Browne 

offering proofs of the matters wherewith he charged him. p. 1. 

Sept. 71. Petition of George Isame to the Privy Council for the 

examination of witnesses against Wm. Browne of Mulrankan, 
accused of treason, p. 1. 

Sept. 72. Proof of the cause of William Browne's departure out of 

Ireland, p. 1. 

Sept. 73. Petition of William Browne, of Mulrancan, to Burghley for the 

despatch of his suits for 40. per annum in possession or reversion, 
and to be in commission of the peace in consideration of his faithful 
services, p. 1. 

Sept. 74. Memoranda for trying the account of Her Majesty's Treasurer 

in Ireland, indorsed Mr. Wilbraham by Burghley. p. 1. 


Oct. 1. 1. Lord Deputy to Burghley. To increase his joys by under- 
Dubiin Castle, standing how God doth overthrow those that fight against his 
church and Her Majesty. Wishes that neither Hugh Koe O'Donnell 
nor Philip O'Reilly should have their liberty. Burghley to be a 
mean to Her Majesty in his behalf, if any seek to move her against 
him for clearing the country of Spaniards. Aut. pp. 3. Incloses, 

1. 1. Sir R. Bingham to the Lord Deputy. It may please your 
Honour, what I write unto your Lordship now is no more in 
effect, but a confirmation of my last letters, which I sent by Cotgrave 
the messenger. For sithence that time here hath not happened any 
great alteration of news. And yet it is delivered unto me by 
some of the prisoners of certain, that the Duke of Medina [Sidonid] 
hi/mself was in the great ship, which received the 600 from land at 
Ballicro, and then by aU likelihood he is cast away, for the wind 
fell contrary immediately after they put to sea, and became very 
stormy and foul weather, as not possible he could escape, except his 
ship were most strong and good, for he was marvellously pestered 



with such numbers of men. And in the seven tships which, lay at 
Raviskeith on Thomond side, whereof two were lost and one burned, 
was the galleon St. John, wherein went John Martenus De Recaldus, 
admiral of the whole fleet, who put to sea the same day the Duke did. 
And sithence I have learned by a Breton, which came to Galway 
loaded with salt, that these four ships rode at anchor against the 
Blasquets in Munster, which may haply get home if any do. But 
by this may appear the great handiwork of Almighty God, who Jiath 
drowned the remains of that mighty army, for the most part, on the 
coasts of this province, which was the very place they themselves most 
doubted, as may appear by the instructions the Duke of Medina 
Sidonia gave them after the Queen's ships had left them, the copy 
whereof your Lordship shall hereindosed receive. 

This morning I am going to Galway to take order for some 
things there, and to despatch a man unto your Lordship with Don 
Lewis de Cordua, the prisoner, which we have yet gotten, and till 
now I could not satisfy your Lordship's desire therein for the great 
floods and other urgent occasions I had in hand, unless I should 
have sent some of the basest sort. And by him I shall be better 
able to advertise your Lordship the full particularities of all things 
which have happened in this action. 

I had intelligence sent me from my brother [George] that the 700 
Spaniards in Ulster were despatched, which I know your Lordship 
heareth before this time. And this I dare assure your Lordship 
now, that in a 15 or 16 ships cast away on the coast of this province, 
which I can in mine own knowledge say to be so many, there hath 
perished at the least a 6,000 or 7,000 'men, of which there hath 
been put to the sword first and last by my brother George, and in 
Mayo, Thomond and Galway, and executed one way and another 
about 700 or 800, or upwards, besides those that be yet alive, of 
which Don Lewis de Cordua is supposed to be the best, for Pedro 
Mendosa was slain in Clare Island by Dowdaraugh O'Mayle before 
he would, yield, in time of the execution. So as now this province 
stands clear and rid of all these foreign enemies, save a " sillye " 
poor prisoners, except O'Rourke do keep any contrary to our general 
order and proclamation, sithence the publication whereof I have not 
heard from my brother how he hath answered him in that point. 

And touching the ordnance and other 'munitions lost here, all 
diligence shall be used to save as much as may be for Her Majesty's 
use, but the great ship at Ballicro, and the rest cast away about 
those islands,are now all broken inpieces,and the ordnance and every- 
thing else utterly lost I fear me. Treasure and great wealth hath 
been taken no doubt, but that by such unworthy persons, as it will 
hardly be ever any thereof come by at all, they be, such as hath it, 
as before now have always been upon their keepings ; albeit it is 
possible in time some of it may be had. 1588, Sept. 21., Shrowle. 
p. 1. Incloses, 

1. II. Direction given by the Duke of Medi/na for the course which 
the Spanish navy should hold in their return to Spain. 

The course tliat is first to be held is to the north-north-east, until 

P41. 7 D 




you be found under 61 degrees and a half; and then to take great 
heed lest you fall upon the Island of Ireland for fear of the harm 
that may happen unto you upon that coast. Then parting from, 
those islands and doubling the Gape in 61 degrees and a half you 
shall run west-south-west until you be found under 58 degrees; 
and from thence to the south-west to the height of 53 degrees ; and 
then to the south-south-west, making to the Gape Finisterre, and so 
to procure your entrance into the Grown, [Corunna] or to Ferol, or 
to any other port of the coast of Oalicia. p. . 

1. in. The examination of Don Lewis de Cordova in Andalusia. 
Don Lewis de Cordova in Andalozia, captain of the company cast 
on shore in Sir Morrough Ne Doe 'Flaherty's country, saith upon 
his examination that when the Spanish fleet came before Plymouth 
they were 140 sail of all sorts, whereof four score and 16 were great 
ships for the fight, and the rest were "potasses" and small vessels for 
carriage ; at which place they met with 70 of the Queen's ships or there- 
abouts. The Queen's ships " gat " into the wind of them and shot 
at them, they keeping on their inarch towards Calais, answered the 
shot, which continued about two or three hours, in which skirmish 
Don Pedro [de Valdez] and his ship [a large galleon] were taken, 
being thrown behi/nd his company by reason of a shot that " brake " 
his main mast. The next day was calm,, and therefore nothing done 
between them, but a ship of 700 tons was burned by negligence 
among the Spaniards, but most of her men saved. The third day 
they skirmished five or six hours without loss of any ships, and the 
fourth day they fought four hours, without any ship lost ; the fifth 
day they came before Calais, and there anchored and chained 
themselves. At which time there came to the succour of the Queen's 
ships 25 more. And in the night they perceived six ships, falling 
upon them fired; by reason whereof they were driven to cut their 
cables and set sail. At which time a great ship was burned among 
them and a " Gallyassey " cast away on the sands. After which 
the English ships entered into a sharp fight with them, wherein two 
of their greatest galleons were so beaten that they were driven to run 
ashore upon Flanders or those parts, having disburthened their 
men into their other ships. That day if the fire had not broken 
them, they had determined to have put 7,000 men on shore at Calais to 
have gone to the Prince of Parma to have known further his pleasure, 
for that they were from thence to be directed by him, and had some 
commission to him not opened at all, but lost in the ship that was 
there burnt ; but being prevented by the said fire, they were broken 
and so fought withal and followed three days after that out of sight 
of the coast, and then the Queen's ships left them, and returned, 
shooting off a great volley of ordnance for joy. After this the Duke 
of Medina assembled all his forces that were left, and found that he 
had lost but six ships of all sorts ; and then gave order for them- to 
return to Spain. But about Norway the great tempest took them 
and beat these men now prisoners to this coast, of which coast the 
Duke had before given them great charge to take heed. He saith that 




Oct. 1: 


Oct. 1. 


Oct. 2. 


Oct. 2. 

Castle of 



i/n, the army were many young dukes and noblemen adventurers, 
but he knoweth not their names. 

He saith, touching himself, that his elder brother is a gentleman 
of a 1,000 ducats per annum, and that himself is not of any liveli- 
hood. He was employed by the Ring as a gentleman at 30 crowns 
per mensem in " Cicilia " [Sicily^, and sent for from thence by the 
King to serve in this expedition, wherein he had charge of a hundred 
men in this ship that is cast away, being a Flemish hulk called the 
White Falcon, in which were no more soldiers than this hundred. 
Copy. pp. 2. 

2. Mr. Solicitor General Roger Wilbraham to Burghley. Fearing 
right honourable you might require hence certificate of our pro- 
ceedings in the last commission for Munster titles, and doubting 
your leisure would not admit any long letter, I have imparted my 
knowledge to Sir Edward Waterhous in writing, who can thereby 
let your Honour understand at your leisure what I know therein ; 
and I conjecture the Irish are not yet satisfied, they will have 
further hearing, which if it be granted it were not the worst way 
and least charge to have the depositions taken here, and the cause 
determined there in your sight. I find all things wax faint in the 
enterprise ; undertakers seek nothing but money, and Irish lands 
yield nothing but meat, and sure I never hope to see any two under- 
takers people their seignories with English families near to the 
limitation in Her Majesty's articles, so difficult it is to draw honest 
English families to 'dwell in this tickle and unstable country, and so 
many causeless contentions happen between the undertakers, striving 
who shall have most, when much less were sufficient. [Holog.] p. 1. 

3. Sir Richard Bingham to Walsingham. Wreck of the Spanish 
fleet. [Autog.] pp. 2. 

4. Patrick Foxe to Walsyngham. It may please you to be 
advertised that a three days past a messenger came up from the 
north with letters to the Lord Deputy as well from O'Neill as from 
Maguire, complaining one of another, for that in a meeting lately 
happened between them the number of 20 men and upwards were 
slain, whereof two soldiers of Captain Mostyn's band, which served 
under O'Neill, and one of O'Neill's own men were part, and the rest 
Maguire's. The messenger that came up was sent by Captain 
Mostyn's lieutenant, and he reported also to the said captain in mine 
own hearing that the Spanish ships that in my former letters I 
made report to your Honour of are lately departed from M'Sweeny 
[Ne Doe]'s country in the night time, whereby all danger of con- 
spiracy in those parts is now avoided. [Autog.'] p. \. 

5. Mr. Hu. Cuffe to Burghley. I did long attend your Lordship's 
opportunity before my return into Ireland, and to have informed 
your Honour of the hard dealing of Sir John Southworth, Mr. Bullen, 
and other recusants, concerning the benefit which by your Lord- 
ship's favour I should have reaped by certain of their leases, and 
also by judgments in law, of both which I am like to be deprived, 
unless my servant, the bearer, and my friend, Mr. Riche, with whom 

D 2 


Oct. 6. 



I left order for presenting hereof, may receive such comfort by your 
honourable favour as the equity of my case doth require. I meant 
likewise to have become an humble suitor to your Lordship for your 
letters to the Lord Deputy to have been appointed sheriff of this 
county of [Cork ?] for this year, which if it may yet please your 
good Lordship to grant me may better my poor credit with the 
Irish and make me more able to do Her Majesty service, which I 
will unfeignedly deserve, with the remembrance of your Lordship 
in my daily prayers. Sends a present of two Irish cheeses. [Autog.] 
p. I. 

Oct. 4. 6. Lord Deputy Fytzwylliam to Burghley. Dislike of Treasurer 
Dublin Castle. Wallop's manner of issuing the treasure and the revenues of Ireland. 
[Autog.~\ pp. 2$. Incloses, 

6. 1. Dividend of the treasure which arrived at Dublin 10 Aug. 
1588, bemg 6,000., by Fantleroy. Copy. pp. 6. 

6. ii. Declaration of the issue of 10,00(M. Copy. pp. 5. 
Oct. 4. 7. A proportion of powder and other munition for Ireland, p. 1. 

8. Mr. Roger Wilbraham to Walsyngham. Doubting, right 
honourable, there might be imputation of undutifulness in us here 
for not certifying to your Honour hence the proceedings in the last 
commission for Munster titles, I thought it my duty to let your 
Honour understand that I have imparted to Sir Edward Waterhous 
in writing my knowledge therein, to the intent that if it shall be 
your pleasure, you may at your leisure be acquainted therewith ; 
only I wish that if further hearing be given to the Irish claims, it 
may be in England, and the evidences and depositions for Her 
Majesty first transmitted from hence, so it shall be less charge and 
best satisfaction. I fear some of the greatest undertakers are dis- 
couraged in the action with sight of this rude and tottering uncertain 
state ; and doubtless no greater dissension is feared here than such 
as shall breed and nestle amongst the undertakers themselves, and 
if it be not presumption I never hope to see the country repeopled 
with English, according to the limitation of Her Majesty's letters 
patents, so impossible it is, as appeareth by experience, to draw 
honest English inhabitants to this waste country, and therefore 
your Honour may consider of the action accordingly, which is not 
otherwise to be discovered, to the dismay of the adventurers, who 
expect money, and this country yieldeth only meat. [Holog.] p. 1. 

9. Warrant from the Lord Deputy to Sir Thomas WJtfliams, 
muster master and clerk of the check, to stay certain increase of 
allowance to certain of the garrison according to the Article of 1582, 
Nov. 12. Copy, received 1589, May 4. p. 1. 

Oct. 10. 

Oct. 12. 

St James's. 

Privy Council to the Earl of Derby for the sending of 200 soldiers 
levied in Cheshire and Lancashire into Ireland. Mr. G. Delves to 
have the charge of them. The mayor of Liverpool to provide ship- 
ping for their transportation. [Entry Book, Ireland, Folios, Vol. XII., 
p. 192.] p. 1. 



Oct. 12. 10. Lord Deputy and Council to the Privy Council Intention to 
Dublin Castle, proceed against the Spaniards in O'Donnell's country. Intention of 
offering mercy to such as shall submit. 

Postcript. It may please your Lordships this postscript was added 
after the former signing by us only of the English, who eftsoons 
most humbly desire your Lordships that three or four ships may be 
presently sent away, and to be directed only towards O'Donnell's 
country and the parts thereabouts. And likewise that there may be 
presently sent hither 2,000 sufficient and thoroughly well appointed 
men, and so many more after as speedily as your Lordships shall 
deem this dangerous time and service to require, neither of which 
shall be continued longer in pay than this service lasteth, which we 
hope will not be above a month or six weeks at the most. This we 
the rather desire, for that if it once appear that the Spaniards shall 
wax strong by the north's combination, we may then upon most 
vehement presumptions affirm unto your Lordships that besides the 
calling in of Scots for their assistance the most of the English pale 
and towns will make revolt, and other hope we can have none. 
And besides this our general opinion we signify unto your Lordships 
that for just causes which we have conceived in this time, we have a 
special distrust in the Earl of Tyrone. 

Signed by the Lord Deputy FitzWylliam, Adam Loftus, Archbishop 
of Dublin, the Lord Chancellor, Thomas Jones, Bishop of Meath, Sir 
Henry Wallop, and Chief Justice Robert Gardener. [Damaged.} 
pp. 2. Incloses, 

10. i. Earl of Tyrone to the Lord Deputy. Reports 1,200 
Spaniards mustered. Their proceedings. Threatens to break the 
peace with Turlough Lynagh O'Neill. The traitor, James Fits- 
Maurice's son, is dead of an ague. 1588, Oct. 8, Dungannon. Copy. 

10. ii. Richard and Henry Hoveden (generally called Ovington) to 
tJte Lord Deputy for two cwt. of powder, with lead and match. Con 
O'DonneU's sons and certain of the MacSweenys are gone to the 
Spaniards. Postilled with remarks on their bad intentions. 1588, 
Oct. 8, Loghegelly. Damaged. Copy. p. 1. 

10. in. John Kelly to his brother William Kelly, surgeon. 1,100 
Spaniards-landed. To obtain the Lord Deputy's warrant that he 
may erect a company and be directed by tlie Earl of Tyrone. 1588, 
Oct. 8, Dungannon. Copy. p. 1. 

10. iv. Oeff. Fenton to the Lord Deputy. The taking of Sligo 
Castle for Her Majesty. The Spaniards are marching towards Sligo 
and are very near Lough Erne. Tyrone hath bitterly reproved 
O'Donnel sayi/ng he and his posterity may seek a dwelling in 
another country for having betrayed the Spaniards their only 
refuge. The M'Glanoughes will not suffer our spies to pass. Need 
of ships and soldiers from England. 1588, Oct. 7, Sligo. Copy. 

10. v. Sir R. Byngham to the Lord Deputy. Advice how to at- 
tack the main body of 3,000 Spaniards, and to secure Dublin from 

1 * 



looo. . 

the attrwks of Tyrone and Feagh M'Hugh O'Byrne. Mistrusts the 
two Hovedens. Hopes by Tuesday next to have passed the Curleivs. 
1588, Oct. 10. Copy. pp. 2. Incloses, 

10. VI. Geff. Fenton and George Bingham to Sir R. Bingham. 
Should the Spaniards pass the Erne they must retire over the 
Curlews. The M'Glannoghf hinder their espials reaching Bally- 
shannon. Will send Owen Cook to sound the Burkes. 1588, Oct. 8, 
Sligo. Copy. p. 1. 

10. VIL Mr. G. Comerford's letter to Sir Ric. Byngham. 
Anably's report of the Spaniards in M' Sweeny Ne Doffe's country 
Mr. Henry Shee has come from the Earl of Ormond to claim the 
Spanish ivrecks. 1588, Oct. 7, Sligo. Copy. p. 1. 

10. vni. Earl of Tyrone to the Lord Deputy. 1,500 Spaniards in 
M'Sweeney Ne Doe's country. Prays for munition and a com- 
mission of martial law, &c. He will provide a month's victucds for 
his company to go against the Spaniards. Severe punishment for 
the soldiers who have run away from Capt. Henry Hoveden. 
Ships at Donegal. Prays that Capt. John Kelly may go with him 
to this service. Dungannon, 1588, Oct. 11. Copy. pp. 1^. 

10. ix. Henry Hoveden to the L. Deputy. Many of his soldiers 
have run aivay. Prays for authority of martial law. The Earl of 
Tyrone to be supplied with munition tJiat he may attack the 
Spaniards before they depart. 1588, Oct. 11, Dungannon. Copy. 
Postilledin the margin. p. 4 I. 

10. x. Geff. Fenton to [the Lord Deputy ?] O'Neill has relieved 
the Spaniards in Tirconnel with 500 beeves. O'Rourke, M'Glannogh, 
Maguire, and the Burkes in Mayo are combined ivith the Spaniard. 
O'Rourke hath already sent all his galloglasses to Hugh Maguire, 
and Jiath let slip his son whom Jie had in Jiand, and meant himself 
to go out. The Spaniards with the M'Sweenys lay last night at 
Donegall, not 10 miles beyond the Earne. The kerne who burned 
Ballymote said they were making way for King Philip* III success 
in digging out the Spanish ordnance. 1588, Oct. 9, Ballymote. 
Copy. pp. 2. 

10. XL Mr. Henry Duke to the Lord Deputy. Sends a transla- 
tion of Sir Brian O'Rourke' s letters of his own handwriting, ivhereby 
the combination betwixt liitn and M'Mahon may appear. Sir Brian 
O'Rourke hath written to the Spaniards in the north to join with 
them. It is most true that M'Mahon and Maguire's eldest son, 
Hugh Maguire, witt assist O'Rourke. 12 Oct., Castle Jurden. 
Received the I4tth. Copy. p. ^. Incloses, 

10. xii. O'Rourke to M'Mahon. He has not forgiven their mu- 
tual enemies. The Englishmen spy upon them daily. He has not a 
good harp vn, his country, but sends two great spears and two 
skeans. Literal translation, p. -5- 

10. xin. Sir R. Bingham to the Lord Deputy. The loss by the 
burning of Ballimote is only his brother George's. The burning of 



B'illhnote was in revenge for tlie recovery of Sligo. Doubts the Earl 
of Tyrone more titan all the combination besides. Sir Richard 
mill 'march early on Monday. 1588. Oct. 12. Received 14> Oct. 
Abstract, p. 1. 

10. xiv. Sir R. Byngham to the Lord Deputy. Report that T. Ly- 
nagh O'Neill hath entertained the Spaniards to make ivar on the 
Earl of Tyrone, to be suspected. Deputy to stand highly upon his 
guard, for between O'Neill, the Earl, and the Spaniards he may too 
deeply engage himself. Byngham is ready ivith all his forces to 
attend the Lord Deputy. 1588. Oct. 12, Late in the night. Athlone. 
Received 14 Oct. Abstract, p, 1. 

10. xv. Secretary Geffery Fenton and Geo. Bingham to Sir 
Richard Byngham. The Spaniards are come 20 miles on this side 
M'Sweeney Ne Doe's country. If the Ca.stle of Sligo had not been 
taken as it was, the Spaniards would have Juid it by nmv. 1588, 
Oct. 6. Abstract, p. f Inclose, 

10. xvi. Donough 0' Conor to his servant John O'Strahan. He is 
going into England nmv, though refused license by the Lord Deputy, 
till Micluielmas next. Charges him not to deliver up his castle of 
Sligo to tfie English. 1588, Sept., Drogheda. Abstract, p. . 

10. xvn. G. Fenton and Geo. Bingham to Sir R. Byngham. 
Expectation of a general revolt. William *Taaffe left to ivard Sligo 
Castle. 1588, Oct. 9, Ballimote. Copy. p. 1. 

10. XVIIL William Taaffe to Secretary G. Fenton and Mr. G 
Bingham. 2,000 Spaniards camping at Forreside-more, within 
6 miles of Strabane. Report that the Spaniards are going to aid 
Turlough Lynagh O'Neill to make war on the Earl of Tyrone. 
O'Donnell and the soldiers stayed by Tyrone to aid him against 
O'Neill. Two Spanish ships burned. Advice to write, to O'Gall 
Chor [O'Gallogher] and Hugh M'Hugh Duff to remember their 
duty to the Queen. Oct. 10. Abstract, p. 1. 

10. xix. Mr. Geo. Bingham, to his brother, Sir Richard Byng- 
ham. His stables and three horses burnt by the Conors, O 1 Harts, 
and O'Dowds, who called themselves the Pope's and King Philips 
men. The Spaniards will be in Sligo in jive days. Does not spare 
his purse in plying of spies. He sent a man to O'Rourke ivith the 
Lord Deputy's letter. His messengers to Robt. Dillon and others 
detained. 1588, Oct. 10, Ballimote. Received Oct. 14. Abstract. 

10. xx. Capt. Nicholas Mordaunt to Sir Richard Byngham. 
The Irishry are grmvn very proud. O'Rourke will join with the 
Spaniards whatsoever he writeth to the contrary. 1588, Oct. 11. 
Received ~L4<th. Abstract, p. i. 

Lord Deputy and Council to the Privy Council. Same as above. 
[Entry Book, Ireland, Folios, Vol. XII., p. 185.] p. If 




Oct. 12. 11. Lord Deputy Fytzwylliam to Burghley. His haste to go 
Dublin Castle, against the Spaniards. Thanks for his honourable letter so largely 
and favourably written, and for consideration of his man. Post- 
script. I humbly beseech your Lordship that Her Majesty may 
rather cast away 7,OOOZ. or 8,OOOZ. than to adventure that which is 
in great appearance like to fall out. I humbly beseech your Lord- 
ship that the postscript in our letter to your Lordships [of the 
Council of this day's date] may be most secretly kept, otherwise the 
Lord knoweth what it may breed. I write this, for that I know there 
is " an Ireland born " man, which serveth one of the gentlemen 
clerks of Her Majesty's [P.] Council, who writeth at the covert 
there and hath recourse to the Council coffer. He would have 
served me when I came over. I know your Lordship will hardly 
believe, howbeit I write but upon this Council's report, what matters 
of secrecy be sent into this land. It were good (but I crave pardon 
for my boldness) that no Ireland born man should be a writer about 
any of those gentlemen clerks of the Council. If this be known 
I assure myself of all hatred this nation better and worse can give 
me. [Autog. postscript holograph.] p. 1. Incloses, 

11. I. Lord Deputy and Council to the Privy Council. Calen- 
dared above, p. 53, No. 10. 1588, Oct. 12. Copy. pp. 2. 

11. n. Earl of Tirone to the Lord Deputy. Calendared above, 
p. 53, No. 10. i. 1588, Oct. 8, Dungannon. Copy. p. 1. 

11. ill. Richard Hoveden and Henry Hoveden to the Lord 
Deputy. Calendared above, p. 53, No. 10. II. 1588, Oct. 8, Loghe- 
gelly. Copy. p. |. 

11. rv. John KeUy to his brother William Kelly, surgeon. Calen- 
dared above, p. 53, No. 10. in. 1588, Oct. 8, Dungannon. Copy. 

11. v. Qeff. Fenton to the Lord Deputy. Calendared above, 
p. 53, No. 10. iv. 1588, Oct. 7, Sligo. Copy. pp. 2. 

11. VI. Sir R. Byngham to the Lord Deputy. Calendared above, 
p. 53, No. 10. v. 1588, Oct. 10. Copy. pp. 2. Incloses, 

11. vil. 0. Fenton and G. Bingham toSirRic Bingham. Calen- 
dared above, p. 54, No. 10. vi. 1588, Oct. 8, at 8 at night, Sligo. 
Copy. p. 1. 

11. vni. Earl of Tyrone to the Lord Deputy. Calendared above, 
p. 54, No. 10. vin. 1588, Oct. 11, Dungannon. Copy. p. 1$. 

11. rx. Henry Hoveden to the Lord Deputy. Calendared above, 
p. 54, No. 10. ix. 1588, Oct. 11, Dungannon. Copy. p. 1. 

11.x. Oeff. Fenton to [the Lord Deputy] The Spaniards lay at 
Donnegal last night. Calendared above, p. 54, No. 10. x. 1588, 
Oct. 9, Ballymote. Copy. Slightly damaged, pp. 2. 

11. xi. Mr. Henry Duke to the Lord Deputy. Calendared above, 
p. 54, No. 10. xi. 1588, Oct. 12, Castle Jurden. Copy. p. , 


1588. V l - 

11. xii. Sir R. Byngkam to the Lord Deputy. Calendared above, 
p. 54, No. 10. xm. 1588, Oct. 12. Abstract, p. 1. 

11. xm. Sir R. Byngham to the Lord Deputy. Calendared above, 
p. 55, No. 10. xiv. 1588, Oct. 12, late in the night, Athlone. Ab- 
stract, p., 1. 

11. xiv. G. Fenton and G. Bingham to Sir R. Byngham. Calen- 
dared above, p. 55, No. 10. xv. 1588, Oct. 6. Abstract, p. 1. 

11. xv. Donough O'Conor to his servant John O'Strahan. Calen- 
dared above, p. 55, No. 10. xvi. 1588, Sept., Drogheda. Abstract. 

11. xvi. William Taaffe to Secretary Fenton and G. Bingham, 
Calendared above, p. 55, No. 10. xvin. 1588, Oct. 10. Abstract, p. 1. 

11. xvn. Geo. Bingham to Sir R. Byngham. Calendared above, 
p. 55, No. 10. xix. 1588, Oct. 10, Ballimote. Abstract, p. 1. 

11. xvm. Capt. N. Mordaunt to Sir R. Byngham. Calendared 
above, p. 55, No. 10. xx. 1588, Oct. 11. Abstract, p. J. 

Oct. 12. 12. Lord Deputy Fytzwylliam to Walsyngham. For men, money, 
Dublin Castle, ships, and munition. There is "an Ireland born " man who serveth 
one of the gentlemen clerks of the Council who reveals secrets into 
Ireland, p. 1. 

Oct. 12. Copy of the above letter. [Entry Book, Ireland, Folios, VoL 
XII, p. 186.] p.l. 

Oct. 12. 13. Capt. Christopher Carleill to Walsingham. It may please you 
Knockfergus. to understand that Captain Thomas Lea hath sent over his wife, 
as I am informed, with intention amongst other matters to solicit 
the having of the 50 footmen now under the leading of Captain 
Thomas Henshaw to be returned over unto her husband, from 
whom they were taken and given to me by Sir John Perrot now 
four years past, when I undertook the service in the northern- 
most parts, which by divers others was refused. At which time 
Captain Henshaw was lieutenant of the said Captain Lea's 50 foot- 
men, and then was made my lieutenant of my whole hundred, 
the other 50 being supplied up unto me out of other bands, and so 
afterwards by my giving over my charge unto my said lieutenant 
he ever since hath continued Captain of the said 50 footmen, never 
omitting to be in place of service which he hath acquitted so 
sufficiently, as if it will please you to inquire of Sir John Perrot, 
Sir Edward Waterhous, or any other that have lived in that time 
here, it will, I doubt not, appear by all their reports to be such as 
will well deserve to be favoured in his rightful causes. For myself 
I must needs say thus much in his behalf, that I found far better 
stuff of a soldierlike carriage in him, than was in a great number of 
the captains and other officers here, and do assure your Honour that 
there are very few in all this country so well inclined to entertain 
a good discipline as he is, and no man whatsoever more ready or 
resolute to the service than he hath always in my knowledge showed 




Oct. 12. 
Oct. 13. 


Oct. 13. 

Oct. 13. 



himself. He hath been of long continuance in this country, and 
amongst other places he was lieutenant to Captain [Francis] Acharn 
of his 50 horsemen who was slain, unto whom he ought by orderly 
course to have succeeded in his charge, inasmuch as he was a soldier 
of some good time standing, and of no less desert. But Captain 
Lea by favourable means of some friends in court prevented him 
thereof. He lieth here in garrison with his said 50 men, having no 
more than those left unto him, for upon the levying of the troops 
here to go with Sir William Stanley into the) Low Countries the 
other 50 was taken from him. Surely the gentleman may very ill 
be spared from hence, for there is none of the rest that belongeth 
to this place unto whom I may so well commit the handling of this 
government as unto him in any occasion of my absence, and there- 
fore I humbly beseech your Honour to stand as firmly for this his 
rightful cause as if it concerned myself, who by infinite other regards 
must and will ever acknowledge myself a most bounden man to 
your Honour's service. Autograph, p. 1. 

14. Instructions for the Lord Primate, Sir H. Wallop, and David 
Gwyn to examine the Spanish prisoners at Drogheda. pp. 2. 

15. Examination of Don Alonso de Lusone, master of the camp of 
the " Tercia " of Naples, being 10 ensigns containing 1,800 men. Detail 
of the wreck of their ship, and the treatment they received of the 
barbarous people. The slaughter of them after having laid down 
their arms to Her Majesty's use. [A terzo is a regiment of 3,000 
men furnished by Italian states to the Kings of Spain.] pp. 4. 

16. Examination of Baltasar Lopes del Arbal, serjeant-major of the 
whole " Tercia " of Naples, the company in the Valensera de Venecia 
came from Naples. Their leak and wreck on O'Dogherty's country. 
The little aid they received from the savage people, pp. 5. 

17. The names of Spanish prisoners who died by the way and were 
left behind sick on coming out of O'Donnell's country, and of those 
who came to Drogheda. 

Don Alfonso de Luson, Maestro de campo, a younger brother. 

Don Rodrigo Lasso de la Vega, cavallero de la horden de Sant lago. 
A second brother of good house and credit. 

Capitan Geronimo de Aynar, a soldier by service. 

Alferez Pedro Ramirez, an ensign bearer. 

Capitan Juan de Guzman, a younger brother of a noble house 
and of good credit. 

Capitan Don Garcia Manrique, of a special house in Castile. 

Capitan Don Beltran del Salto-Benia, of Castile. 

Sargento Maior Baltazar Lopez del Albor, or de L'arboll. 

Capitan Reformato Juan Fernandez de la Pila. 

Juan De Porras Alferez Reformado. 

Diego Xuarez, Alferez Reformado. 

Antonio Xuarez, sargento del maestro de campo. 

Juan Hidalgo, Capitan di Campana, Provost Marshall. 

Sebastian Vasquez, sergento reformado. 




Oct. 14. 


VOL. cxxxvn. 

Juan de Guzman, soldato. 

Pedro Fernandez, medico. 

Horatio Donayo, Venitiano, capitan de la Nave. 

Dominico de Jorge, escrivanelo de la Nave. 

Miguel de Venetia, marinero Venetiano y bombadero. 

Thodomi Greco marinero. 

Jacques Flamenco, master of the hulk which was wrecked. 

Juan Dominico, Italiano, a tambor major. 

Juan Italiano a tambor. 

Juan Moreno, Espagnol, a tambor. 

Pedro Italiano. Francisco Desoto and certain servants. 

These three are dead, viz. : Don Diego, de Luzon, Don Sebastian 
Capata and El Sargente Antonio de Bacca ; also Don Garcia Do 
Avila, Don Caspar de Avila, his brother, Don Christoval Maldonada, 
Don Diego de Guzman, and divers others sick and dead on the 
way. [Most part in Spanish.] pp, 2. 

18. Pat. Foxe to Walsyngham. It may please you to be adver- 
tised that lately Captain Kelly came hither as post from the north 
with news of the landing of Spaniards, to the number of 10 ensigns, 
in M'Sweeny Ne Doe's country, where the other Spaniards, whereof 
in my former letters I made report to your Honour, landed. They 
have as it is reported, entrenched and fortified there for their more 
safety ; both the M'Sweenys did join with them, and as it is now 
thought O'Rourke will join also with them, for his people have very 
lately burnt Ballimote,"a town of Mr. Byngham's, which is within 12 
miles to Sligo, that argueth a disloyal mind in him, and no doubt 
he did hitherto but watch his time. My Lord Deputy meaneth to 
draw down towards the Spaniards very shortly ; his Lordship hath 
showed me no good countenance as yet, for what cause I known not. 
The term is adjourned till crastino ani/marum, the morrow of All 
Souls Day. I humbly pray your Honour, lest I should be hardly 
thought of here, for advertising you the state of the realm, to send 
me your warrant for that and for searching out such as purpose to 
conspire against Her Majesty, and no doubt I shall be able to do 
Her Highness good service and your Honour credit. I left my suit 
with Mr. Nedome to be remembered unto your Honour, whereof 
I humbly pray your Honour to have a care when time doth serve. 
Autograph. Seal, ivith arras, p. 1. 

19. Geo. Beverley to Burghley. The declaration that 2,000. 
parcel of the 6,OOOZ. was delivered to him for victuals was unfounded. 
p. 1. Incloses, 

19. I. Declaration of the issue of 4,000. received for victualling 
causes by a P.S. 29 June, 1588. pp. 2. 

Oct. 15. 20. The Lord Roche, i.e., M. de Rupe et Fermoy to Walsyngham. 
Right honourable, my duty remembered, may it please the same to 
be advertised that howbeit myself with many other suitors of this 
province [of IMunster] had great expectations of justice, with 
favour and expedition, at the hands of the Commissioners, whom 

Oct. 15. 





Her Majesty for the ease of suitors hath appointed to repair hither, 
yet when they came we found the success of our suits to proceed 
and fall out quite contrary, for in all their proceedings only one 
petition for half a ploughland, to one of the traitors, the late arch- 
rebel, the Earl of Desmond's servant was allowed, in respect of some 
service, being indeed one that was of the chiefest in action of rebel- 
lion, against Her Highness with his said master, neither any other 
suitor besides, obtained one foot of land, or any redress or remedy, 
in anything he complained of, whether his land were found by 
office or otherwise intruded upon by the undertakers without any 
office or colour of right, so as we are left entangled and subject to 
the suppressions and heavy hand of the undertakers without redress 
as before, and every one discontented. And albeit the justness of the 
causes of diverse and their service required and merited favour to 
be extended in their suits, especially those whom Her Majesty, by 
Her Grace's letters willed to be favoured, yet no suitor, his cause 
being never so just and lawful, his forwardness in service never so 
apparent, or his letters never so gracious and effect[ual] could esteem 
or judge the success of his suit to be anything the better for any bill 
that wanted one word, either of form or matter, that was abated and 
rejected, and yet would they permit a new to be made, and those that 
wanted neither had no redress at all, whereby the poor people and 
subjects, by reason of that hard course taken, when as they chiefly 
expected to be reformed according to Her Majesty's undoubted pleasure, 
are now very much discouraged, and in a manner fallen into despair, 
being not able for want of ability to have recourse unto Her Highness. 
And for my own causes and suits, being left without redress at the 
said Commissioners' hands, yet I want not more grievous cause of 
complaint for they, with Mr. Heale, solicitor for those causes, by the 
malicious procurement of some by heavy friends intending thereby to 
discourage me of my suits, have so discourteously, despitefully, and 
shamefully abused and dishonoured me in public assembly and audience, 
with such rabblement of scornful, odius, and slanderous speeches, 
and most unseemly accusations, as the loss of all the rest of my 
lands' and livings could not half so much grieve me, having withal, 
because I said I would complain of that abuse unto Her Majesty, 
committed me to the common Marshalsea at Cork, where never 
nobleman was committed before. And so remained in duress six 
days, until the evening before their departures, so as thereby the 
small hope remaining of any good success at their hands and my 
said injurious and wrongful imprisonment, together with the sudden 
griefs conceived by all my friends, servants, and retinue discouraged 
me from trying the end of their severity and hard dealing in most 
of my causes. All which I thought good to impart and certify your 
Honour, and complain to Her Highness, to the end you would make 
known to Her Majesty and the Lords of Her Highness's most 
honourable Privy Council, that we are not so favourably here dealt 
withal as their pleasures is we should. Assuring myself of your 
Honour's lawful favour, and furtherance as well herein, as in many 
other causes and suits I have heretofore found, for which I rest 




Oct. 1G. 


Oct. 16. 


Oct. 17. 



most thankful. His complaint respecting the Manor of Buttevant, 
also he is crossed in the Court of Exchequer concerning the remittal 
of certain arrearages. [Autogr.] pp. 2. 

21. Sir Valentine Browne to the Privy Council The Commis- 
sioners in -Munster have justly found Her Majesty's titles. Doubts 
of the measures of Arthur Robins. Francis Jobson recommended to 
be a surveyor there. Donnel Granea has burned Mahownes Castle. 
The undertakers seek profit too much. Recommends that some of 
the Irish septs be encouraged beyond the Leape, [probably in 
County Cork.] pp. 2. Incloses, 

21. 1. Note of cesses which were laid on the country of Carbery and 
other remote places in Munster. p. 1. 

22. Sir Valentine Browne to Walsingham. Prays for a fee-farm. 
Stands in doubt all the M'Carthys will join against his three sons 
who are possessed of those lands which Florence M'Carthy did look 
to have upon the marriage of the Earl of Clancar's daughter. 
Donnell M'Carthy the Earl's bastard son, is gone to the woods. 
The Earl's daughter resorts to Florence M'Carthy's prison with 
small restraint, p. 1. 

23. Pat. Foxe to Walsyngham. Can get no countenance for the 
cloth he daily wears. Desires a warrant to search for Papists. 
Mortagh Oge Kavanagh's two sons have burnt a town of Henry 
Heron's, p. 1. 

[Oct. 17.] 24. Petition of Henry Heron to Queen Elizabeth, for some meet 
relief in consideration of his former services, and the burning and 
plunder to the value of 500Z. done on him the llth of October 
(1588) by Art and Murtough Kavanagh, sons of the late rebel 
Murtough Oge Kavanagh. p. 1. 

Oct. 18. 25. Lord Deputy and Council to the Privy Council Send over 
Dublin Castle. David Gwyn, sent by the Privy Council to view the Spanish 
prisoners in Drogheda, and his accuser E. Hart. p. 1. Inclose, 

25. I. Declaration of Eustace Hart, gent, that David Gwyn, 
being in one of the Spanish gallies wrecked off Bayonne in August, 
did give out that Sir Francis Walsyngham was for the Spaniards 
and would deliver Her Majesty's person into their hands. 1588, 
Oct. 16. pp. 2. 

Oct. 18. Copy of the above letter. [Entry Book, Ireland, p. 187.] p. 1. 

Oct. 18. 26. Lord Deputy to Walsyngham. The caitiff that hath villain- 
Dublin Castle, ously charged him to be severely punished. Fytzwylliam ready 
to defend Walsyngham's loyalty with the loss of his blood, p. 1. 

26. i. Lord Deputy and Council to the Privy Council. Calen- 
dared above, No. 25. 1588, Oct. 18. Copy. p. 1. Inclose, 




Oct. 18. 



26. IL Declaration of Eustace Hart. Calendared above, p. 61, 
No. 25. i. 1588, Oct. 16. pp. 2. 

27. Capt. Thomas Lee to Walsyngham. For his furtherance of 
the suits to the Queen which he sends over by his wife. p. 1. 

Oct. 19. 28. Sir N. White, Master of the Rolls, to Walsingham. David 
Dublin. Gwyn's perjury and embezzling of certain chains of gold and coin 
received by him of the Spaniards to the Queen's use. p. 1. 

Oct. 20. 29. Deputy and Council to the Privy Council. Have received 

Dublin. their letters of September 2, for the enlargement on bond of Edmund 

FitzGibbon and Donough M'Cormock McCarthy. Pray that they 

may be still kept close till the Spaniards nestled in the north may 

be vanquished. Their last letters by Chichester. p. 1. 

Oct. 20. 30. Chr. Peyton to Burghley. The order between Sir Henry 
Dublin. Wallop and him concerning captains' reckonings. He demurs to 
deliver to Wallop all his books. Desires that Mr. Petre should send 
him duplicates of the charge of Wallop's receipts, p. 1. 

Oct. 20. 31. Sir William Herbert to Burghley. Our pretence in the 

Castle of the enterprise of plantation was to establish in these parts piety, justice, 

p sl n nd h " i nna -hitation," and civility, with comfort and good example to the 

Herbert in parts adjacent. Our drift now is, being here possessed of land, to 

the county of extort, make the state of things turbulent, and live by prey and by 

Kerry. p ay gj r jcl war d[ Denny's letters patent to be recalled and Sir 

Valentine Browne's to be stayed. Disorder of the plantation in 

Munster. [Autog.] p. 1. Incloses, 

31. i. Sir Valentme Browne to Sir William Herbert. Thanks 
for kindness to certain of his men. Chides him for the course he 
pursues. [With postils vn the margin by Herbert.} 1588, Aug. 17, 
Lublin. [Autog.] pp. 2. 

Oct. 22. 32. Lord Deputy Fytzwylliam to Burghley. The noble Spaniards 
Dublin Castle, discovered by David Gwyn. Don Louis de Cordua, blames the 
Irish for letting the Spaniards range up and down the country 
after they had stripped them of their apparel and robbed them of 
their money and jewels. That his brother may have some other 
lands than those granted to him, pp. 3. 

Oct. 22. 33. Act by the Lord Deputy and Council, that the county of 
Dublin Castle. Kilkenny and the out counties, except Carlow and Wexford, shall 
pay up the Composition for cess as allotted 15th May 1586. Copy, 
pp. 2. 

Oct. [25.] 34. Wallop to the Queen. . The causes of his stay in Ireland this 
summer. The malice of certain towards him. Copy. pp. 2. 

Oct. 25. 35. Sir Henry Wallop to Burghley. He is called upon by the 

Dublin. Lord Deputy to march against the Spaniards. His peril in the 

account. Perrot and Fytzwylliam do all they can to discredit him 

His band at Enniscorthy. Auditor Peyton's unjust demands 




A ship wrecked with stuff and plate of his to the value of 700?. 
pp. 4. 

Oct. 25. 36. Copy of the above, pp. 3. 

Oct. 25. 37. Sir N. White to Burghley against the suit of Lady Malbie's 
Dublin. husband for payment of a concordatum of 3,000?. and odd granted 
to his predecessor, Sir Nicholas Malbie. p. 1. 

Oct. 26. Privy Council to Sir Thomas Perrott. To release him of the 
Greenwich, place and charge of Colonel. Captain Jenkins to conduct the soldiers 
to Dublin. [Entry Book, Ireland, Folios, Vol. XII., p. 194.] p. 1. 

Oct. 26. 38. Lord Deputy to Burghley. The wit wherewith God hath 
Dublin Castle, indued the Baron Delvin and the love wherewith the country doth 
affect him. The book of Irish Advertisements. The Spanish 
wrecks belong to the Queen as waifs, as the owners came alive to 
land. 8,000?. arrearages of the Composition. The need of making 
an end of Cornelius, [titular] Bishop of Down and Connor, an 
obstinate enemy to God. pp. 3. Incloses, 

38. i. Redmund, [titular] Bishop of Derry, to Cornelius, Bishop 
of Down and Connor, granting the power of absolution, &c. for 
one year. 1588, July 1, Tamlar Church. Lat. Copy. p. 1. 

Oct. 27. 39. Lord Deputy to Burghley. A galley of Spaniards departing 
Dublin Castle, from Calebeg [Killibeggs] towards the Out Isles of Scotland for aid 
was wrecked and many drowned off Bunboys, near Dunluce. Sorley 
Boy M'Donnell was lately at Strabane to consummate his marriage 
with O'Neill's daughter. Desires to know what he shall do with 
the Spaniards who wish to be prisoners. [Autog.] pp. 2. Incloses, 

39. i. Henry Dowgan and Salomon Faranan to the Lord Deputy. 
The Spaniards in M'Sweeny Ne Doe's country have repaired one 
ship. O'DonneU's wife, James M'Donnell's daughter, Ineen Duv, 
saith openly that she will hire the Spaniards to stir up wars except 
she can get her son, that is in the castle, at the return of her husband. 
1588, Oct. 13. Abstract, p. 1. 

39. n. Patrick Eulane to Sir Henry Bagenall. The Spaniards 
from the two ships wrecked off M 1 Sweeney Banagh's country have 
joined those in M'Sweeny Ne Doe's. M'Swiney's fear to hunger his 
country. The Spaniards are buying garrons and mares for food. 
The best of the Spaniards in M'Sweeny's country are going away 
and will leave the rest to shift for themselves because the ship cannot 
receive all. If those who are left can get any guide they witt go to 
(yRourke's country, or else if they can get any passage they will go 
i/nto Scotland. James FitzMaurice's son was in the ship that came 
to M'Sweeny Ne Doe's country, and died 40 leagues before they came 
to land. Certain of his company remain yet. There is another ship 
at Donegatt, and it was saved by the means of a coal boat that was 
sent to them from the shore, but they lost their mainmast, and they 
cast out 120 great horses and 60 mules. The [titular] Bishop of 
Derry goes away to Rome presently. 1588, Oct. 14. Copy. p. 1. 


1588 VOL. cxxxvn. 

39. in. John Crofton, Thos. Mostion, and Richard Dogherty to 
Sir R. Bingham. Sorley Boy's messenger to O'Rourke declared that 
3,500 Spaniards having burned their broken ships had sent for suc- 
cour. Two more Spanish ships arrived. Sir Brian O'Rourke 
keepeth still the Queen's rent in his hands. 1588, Oct. 19, Saturday, 
Isertrowe. Copy. p. 1. 

39. iv. Sir John O'Dogherty [Odochartay] to the Lord Deputy. 
Complains that M'Sweeny, having subsisted the 3,000 Spaniards till 
his country is consumed, directs them, now for hate into his country 
to lie upon it and consume it, and unless the Lord Deputy helps him 
he fears that he shatt not be able to resist them. 1588, Oct. (received 
' 24), his manor of OUeach. Latin. Copy. p. --. 

39. v. Examination of William Browne, of Waterford, mariner, 
of the age of 23 years. He was pressed aboard the St. Anne of St. 
Sebastians the 16th of May last. Describes his passage in the 
Spanish Armada, and his return with but two sail to Passage in 
Biscay after the great overthrow. The Duke of Medina arrived at 
St. Andrews with two or three sail, never having touched Ireland. 
About 2.5 ships recovered divers ports in Spain. Manner of his 
return home. 1588, Oct. 26, Dublin. Copy. p. 1. 

39. vi. Advertisements received from Mr. Henry Duke, late on 
Saturday at night, being the 26th of October 1588, which he had 
from a spy he had sent into the north to obtain information about 
the Spaniards. 

Three of the Spanish ships coming into the harbour of the Killi- 
beggs in M'Sweeny's country, one of them was cast away a little 
without the harbour, another running aground on the shore braks 
to pieces. The third being a gaily, and sore bruised with the seas, 
was repaired in the said harbour with some of the planks of the 
second ship, and the planks of a pinnace which they Jiad of 

The 16th of this instant October the said golly departed from the 
said harbour with as many of the Spaniards as she could carry, and 
sailing along the coast towards the Out Isles of Scotland, whither 
they were then bound, struck against the rock of Bunboyes, [near 
Dunluce],where both ship and 'men perished, save only Jive who hardly 
got lo shore; three of which five men came the next day, being the 
17 'th, in company with Sorley Boy M'Donnell unto O'Neill's house 
at Strabane, where they certified of their late shipwreck. 

Sorley Boy's coming to Strabane at this time was to get O'Neill's 
daughter to wife. 

This rock of Bunboyes is hard by Sorley Boy's house [of Dun- 
luce]. The M'Sweenys affirmed that the Spaniards remaining in 
their country were 2,400. As it is judged they have left in one 
Brian M'Manus's house at the Killibegg's vicar of that place, one of 
the chief of their company, being very sore sick of the flux. They 
have likewise left with M'Sweeny, an Irish friar called James Ne 
Dowrough, who first went into Spain with James FitzMaurice. 
This fnar is of no small account amongst the Irishry in those 





parts. Tlic Spaniards would give the country people a calive-r for a 
mutton. There are great numbers of Spaniards received into divers 
castles in M'Siveenys country; and M' Sweeny hath made open 
proclamation to relieve all such Spaniards as are straggling up and 
down the country. 

The Spaniards were drawn to the Out Isles by the request of 
Sltane Oge M'Shane O'Neill, who lieth there hurt, and intendeth 
presently upon his recovery to assault the Earl of Tyrone with all 
the force which he, by any means, may or can get ; his mother being 
Malligane's [qy. M'Alairis~\ daughter, lately deceased, which letted 
his coming into Ireland as yet. It is most certainly reported by the 
friar aforesaid that James FitzMaurice's son, who was in Spain, 
died upon the seas as he was coming hither. The Spaniards gave 
M' Sweeny, at their departure, 12 butts of sack wine, and to one 
Murrough Oge M'Murrough I Vayell, four butts. The M'Siveenys 
and their followers have gotten great store of the Spanish calivers 
and muskets. 1588, Oct. 26. p. 1J. 

39. vn. Capt. Nicholas Meryman to [the L. Deputy]. Calendared 
below, p. 68, No. 48. I. 1588, Oct. 26, the Small Camp, Evaughe, 
Copy. p. $. 

Oct. 27. 40. Lord Deputy to Walsyngham. The manner in which Sir 

Dublin Castle. Patrick Barnewell obtained certain lands to the prejudice of Mr. 

Pipho, Walsingham's kinsman. Desires to know what he shall do 

with the Spaniards who may come to his hand, and who, doubtless, 

would gladly be prisoners. Seal with arms. p. 1. 

Oct. 27. 

41. Wallop to Walsyngham. His health bad these few days past. 
The Lord Deputy's journey against the Spaniards might well be 
spared. Danger of his startling the guilty Irish into rebellion. Mr. 
Briskett well deserveth consideration, p. 1. Incloses, 

The Spaniards have de- 
1588, Oct. 24, Athlone. 

Oct. 27. 


Oct. 27. 


Oct. 27. 


41. i. Sir jR. Bingham to Sir H. Wallop, 
parted, leaving but a few begging sick men. 
Autog. p. 1. Incloses, 

41. ii. William Taaffe to [Sir R. Bingham]. M'Sweeny killed 40 
of the best Spaniards as soon as the rest were gone a-shipboard. The 
nephews of Hugh Oge M'Hugh Duff have come to N'Glanchie's 
country to aid the rebels, and threaten to burn Taffe's lands. 1588, 
Oct. 22, Bonneneddan. Copy. p. 1. 

42. Sir Edward Denny to Walsyngham. None else has been so 
hardly dealt with as he. He stays to see an end of the Spaniards 
in the north. The Lord Deputy claims all that was taken of the 
Spaniards for Her Majesty. Holograph, pp. 2. 

43. Sir Lucas Dillon to Walsyngham. His reconciliation with 
Sir Nicholas White effected by Sir J. Perrot. The villainous speech 
of David Gwynn. Autograph, p. 1. 

44. Sir Thos. Williams, muster master, to Walsyngham. His 
agreement with Sir K. Byngham before the receipt of Walsyngham's 
letter of the 27th August. Autograph, damaged, p. \. 



1588 VOL. cxxxvn. 

Oct. 28. 45. Lord Deputy and Council to the Privy Council Three 
hundred soldiers to be presently sent over to countenance the 
present service against the Spaniards. Feagh M'Hugh O'Byrne and 
the Kavanaghs are to be doubted in this broken time. All the 
garrison bands and the rising out of the Irishry are appointed to 
go with the Lord Deputy, who intends to begin his journey the 
2nd of November. The Lord Chancellor Loftus and certain of 
the Council left at Dublin for the government of the Pale. 

We send your Lordships of the Privy Council certain advertise- 
ments by which your Lordships may see that as some of the 
Spaniards seeking to steal away in a galley were wrecked, so it 
appears that the residue of the numbers of Spaniards remain, and 
are relieved by the M'Sweenys and others, and received into their 
castles by troops, to the end. to cherish them and make them 
the stronger for any bad enterprise which they will draw them 
unto, which is to us a vehement reason to hasten towards them, 
and make head against them, lest the longer they tarry the more 
infection they make, for that we find already that the name of 
the Spaniards worketh much in the hearts of the Irishry, which 
I will labour in this journey to remedy, by rooting out of their 
minds all bad impressions. And though some of them in some 
degree may have dangerously erred by practising with the 
Spaniards, yet I mean not so to lay those faults to their charge 
as thereby to move any stir or disturbance, but rather to defer 
them until in a better time they may be called to reason. 

Moreover, I, the Deputy, have appointed in returning from my 
journey to hear at the Newry a very weighty matter between 
Turlough Lynagh O'Neill and the Earl of Tyrone, touching the 
demand of lands which the Earl held of him by lease for term of 
seven years, with proviso nevertheless, that if the said Turlough 
Lynagh O'Neill would demand the same at three years' end (being 
expired at this last Michaelmas), then the lease to cease ; at which 
time Turlough Lynagh did demand it with great earnestness, and 
signified so much to me, the Deputy, and Council by several 
letters, affirming that he would rather lose his life than his lands, 
which to perform nevertheless, the said Earl with as great vehemency 
denieth, and the rather because the said Earl taketh hold of some 
instructions sent from Her Majesty to Sir J. Perrot, reciting that 
the said lease was to endure during the life of the said Turlough, 
which was mistaken, and is for no other time than aforesaid, where- 
upon we think it convenient, if it so stand with your Lordships' 
good liking, that Her Majesty's pleasure may be speedily signified 
what course were best to be taken therein, and the same to be 
certified as well to the parties as to us. Orig. pp. 2. Inclose, 

45. i. Henry Dowgan and Salomon Faranan to the Lord, Deputy. 
Calendared above, p. 63, No. 39. 1. 1588, Oct. 13. Abstract, p. 1. 

45. II. Patrick Eulane to Sir Henry Bagenall. Calendared above, 
p. 63, No. 39. n. 1588, Oct. 14. Copy. p. 1. 



45. ill. J. Crofton and others to Sir E. Bingham. Calendared 
above, p. 64, No. 39. in. 1588, Oct. 19, Saturday, Ishetrowe. Copy 
p. I. 

45. IV. Sir John O'Dogherty to the Lord Deputy. Calendared 
above, p. 64, No. 39. IV. 1588, Oct. (received 24), His Manor of 
OUeaeh. Latin. Copy. p. $. 

45. v. Examination of William Browne, of Waterford, mariner. 
Calendared above, p. 64, No. 39. v. 1588, Oct. 26, Dublin. Copy. 

45. vi. Advertisements from Mr. Henry Duke's spy. Calendared 
above, p. 64, No. 39. vi. 1588, Oct., received late on Saturday the 
26th. Copy. pp. 1. 

45. vn. Capt. Nicholas Meryman to [the Lord Deputy]. Calen- 
dared below,p. 68, No. 48. 1. 1588, Oct. 26, the Small Camp, Evaughe. 
Copy. p.$. 

Oct. 28. Copy of the above letter, but not of the inclosures. [Entry 
Book, Ireland, Folios, Vol. XII, p. 195.] p. 1. 

Oct. 28. 46. Lord Deputy and Lord Chancellor to the Privy Council. 
The accounts left unfinished to be made up by Peyton and paid for 
by Jennyson's executors, p. 1. Inclose, 

46. I. Sir Valentine Browne's certificate of 17 whole years' 
accounts, to be engrossed at 4(M. for each year. 1588, Oct. 28. p. 1. 

Oct. 28. 47. Lord Deputy to Burghley. I humbly crave pardon to trouble 
Dublin Castle, your Lordship (amongst other my letters) with these few lines, for 
that having ever since I first understood of the Spanish Fleet to 
come against Plymouth I made stay, as formerly hath been adver- 
tised to your Lordships, of all shipping in these parts, not suffering 
any to pass either for Spain or France till Her Majesty's pleasure 
therein signified. I am occasioned at this present by the impor- 
tunacy of certain merchants and owners of vessels here, eftsoons 
humbly to beseech your Lordship for Her Majesty's pleasure, either 
for the releasing or continuance of the said restraint, giving your 
Lordship, nevertheless, humbly to understand that there be not more 
forward men to victual and relieve the Spaniards than these Irish 
merchants, especially those of Waterford, as I am informed, some of 
whom not long before the coming out of the fleet from Lisbon did 
there unlade, as was credibly reported, not so few as 1,000 pecks of 
corn and half a score horses. 

I did lately license some upon their earnest suit and good com- 
mendation made of them to depart for France, taking good bonds 
with sureties that they should not traffic to Spain, who, notwith- 
standing, as I am told, are gone thither. But this I humbly beseech 
your Lordship may not be known until their return home, before 
which time I hope to learn more certainty, when I will call them 
to their answer and proceed against them in course and strictness 
of law. I understand that some are lately departed hence into 




- _ 00 VOL. CXXXVH. 


England to become suitors unto Her Majesty for their " release- 
ment," which, with the rest, I humbly refer unto your honourable 
consideration. If I would have licensed some to have gone into 
France, who under that colour meant to go to Spain, I could have 
^ had a 1,OOOZ. [Autogr.] p. 1. 

Oct. 28. 48. Lord Deputy to Walsyngham. Sir, Having for the more 
Dublin Castle, expedition sent afore by my man Morris, as well such letters as 
advertise the state of our occurrences here, as also those which par- 
ticularly concern Hart and Gwynn, committed to the charge of 
this bearer my servant, likewise sent for the safe bringing of them 
unto their Lordships of the Privy Council, I thought it meet to the 
end both he and they might have the better and more convenient 
access unto you to accompany him with these few lines only to 
signify the same. I send the copy of Merri man's letter, which con- 
firmeth that there cannot be gone above 300 of all the men which 
landed, neither have they now any one vessel left to carry the rest 
away ; and since it hath pleased God by his hand upon the rocks 
to drown the greater and better sort of them, I will, with his favour, 
be his soldier for the despatching of those " ragges " which yet 
remain. [Autogr.'] p. 1. Incloses, 

48. i. Capt. Nicholas Meryman to [the Lord Deputy]. The Spanish 
ship sent from M'Sweeny's country to the Out Isles of Scotland 
was wrecked near Dunface, 18 Oct. 260 bodies washed ashore, 
with certain wine, which Sorley Boy M'Donnell hath taken up. 
1588, Oct. 26, the Small Gamp, Evaughe. Copy. p. . 

Oct. 28. 49. G. Fenton to Burghley. Importance of keeping Sligo Castle. 

Dublin. The Lord Deputy's loyal zeal to march against the enemy. At my 
late being at Sligo, I found both by view of eye and credible report 
that the number of ships and men perished upon these coasts was 
more than was advertised thither by the Lord Deputy and Council, 
for I numbered in one strand of less than 5 miles in length above 
1,100 dead corpses of men which the sea had driven upon the shore 
since the time of the advertisement, and as the country people told 
me the like was in other places, though not of like number. And 
touching the remain of the fleet, which by possibility might get 
back to Spain, many of the prisoners whom I examined upon that 
point affirmed that it was not like that of the whole navy, 40 ships, 
should return home, so great were their distresses, and yet most of 
them agreed that it was not unlikely but that the Duke of Medina 
Sidonia had already recovered Spain, which was verified here 
yesternight by a letter from St. John de Luz, of a late date, namely, 
that the Duke and Admiral Oquendo were newly come into Spain, 
but with 20 ships, and they sore bruised, and the men much 
weakened and almost starved. [Autogr .] p. 1. 

Oct. 28. 50. G. Fenton to Walsyngham. His suit to Her Majesty. The 
Dublin. withholding Her Majesty's comfort from him so long disgraces 
him. pp. 2. 



Prob. 51. Note of three small requests of [Sir?] Geffery Fenton, one 

Oct. 28. to have the rooms which Auditor Jenyson lately had in the castle 

of Dublin for keeping the records of survey, &c., now kept in 

Secretary Fenton's house, and two other requests respecting the 

parsonage of Dunboyne. 

Oct. 29. 52. Privy Council to the Lord Deputy. Have given orders for 
sending over 2,000 soldiers under the command of Sir Thomas 
Perrot, appointed to be their colonel. And further, for your re- 
inforcement in numbers of men, it is thought meet, upon conference 
with Sir John Perrot and Sir Edward Waterhous, that certain bands 
of soldiers entertained by Turlough Lynagh O'Neill, O'Donnell, and 
some other of the northern lords upon composition, which they 
suppose will amount to the number of 500 men, under sufficient 
captains, should be received into Her Majesty's pay, and so to con- 
tinue during this service, if you shall think it convenient for the 
staying of them from the enemy or from the Irish. And for the 
other 2 000 that are appointed to be sent from hence, Sir Thomas 
Perrot is directed, with your liking and consent, to make choice of 
such captains to commit the leading of them unto as may be found 
in that realm, being in Her Majesty's pension, who it is thought are 
the fittest to have the charge of them, as being best acquainted with 
that country services. And because we perceive by your Lordship's 
said letters that the Spaniards are in such numbers, with the assist- 
ance of the Irishry, as you cannot well make head against them, we 
have thought good to advise your Lordship not to hazard the fight 
with them, except it be upon special and apparent advantage, until 
these supplies may come unto you. We think it meet also that 
special care should be had of the safe keeping of such prisoners of 
the Irishry as are in the castle of Dublin, lest, getting their liberty, 
they may join themselves and their followers with the Spaniards. 
And likewise that your Lordship give the like direction to Thomas 
Norreys, vice-president of Munster, touching Florence M'Carthy to 
be kept in more safety than we hear that he is. Draft, corrected by 
Burgfdey. Indorsed : Minute to the Lord Deputy. Entered, pp. 3. 

Oct. [29]. Copy of the above. [Entry Book, Ireland, Folios, Vol. XII., 
p. 187.] p. 1. Incloses, 

52. i. Schedule of 687s. 10s. issued for coat money, &c. 1588, 
Oct. 25. p. 1. 

52. ii. Proportion of munition to be sent to Ireland. 1588, 
Oct. 28. p. 1. 

Oct. 28. Copy of above. [Entry Book, Ireland, Folios, Vol. XII., p. 
184.] p. 1. 

Oct. 30. 53. Sir John Popham, Attorney-General, to Queen Elizabeth. 
Petition that the 30 horse allotted to him and his son-in-law, Mr. 
Rogers, may be changed into 90 foot Restraint of the numbers of 
kerne. An English justice and a sufficient attorney to be appointed. 
General pardons to be surceased. Autog. pp. 2. 



Oct. 30. 54. Memorial for Ireland. Sir V. Browne to hasten his return 
To appoint another Justice in Munster to be paid out of the com- 
position money, and to give a competent allowance to the Justices 
of the circuit, p. 1. 

Oct. 31. 55. Lord Deputy Fytzwylliam to Walsyngham. The bearer, 
Dublin Castle. Mr. Wilbraham, Her Majesty's Solicitor-General for Ireland, is 
deserving of good pay and good reward. State of the composition 
and revenues. Autog. p, 1. 

Oct. 31. 56. Wallop to Walsyngham. To further Mr. Pipho to some other 
Dublin. recompense, as Sir Pat. Barnewall has obtained his suit. Aut. p. 1. 

Oct. 31. 57. Memorandum of the money imprested to George Beverley, 
Surveyor of the Victuals in Ireland, by Wallop, viz., 30,OOOZ. p. 1. 

Oct. Privy Council to the Earl of Pembroke. 1,500 Spaniards, or there- 

abouts, whose ships have been cast away on the north of Ireland, 
have combined with the Irish. Pembroke to levy men in Wales to 
send over under Sir Thomas Perrot, who is appointed colonel. Mr. 
G. Delves to take charge of such as shall repair to Chester and 
Beaumaris. [Entry Book, Ireland, Folios, Vol. XII., p. 190.] p. 1. 

Oct. Numbers of soldiers, viz., 2,000, appointed to be presently 

transported into Ireland. [Entry Book, Ireland, Folios, Vol. XII, 
p. 190.] p. 1. 

Oct. Privy Council to Sir Thomas Perrot. To take charge as colonel 

of the 1,600 foot to be presently sent into Ireland. Captain Jenkins 
appointed his lieutenant-colonel. [Entry Book, Ireland, Folios, Vol. 
XII, p. 193.) p. 1. 

Oct. Privy Council to certain port towns to provide shipping for the 

men that are to be sent into Ireland. [Entry Book, Ireland, Folios, 
Vol. XII, p. 193.] p. i 

Oct. Note of the sums of money, viz., 1,630, to be disbursed 

within this realm for footmen to be sent into Ireland. [Entry Book, 
Ireland, Folios, Vol. XII., p. 189.] p. 1. 


Nov. 2. 1. Lord Deputy Fytzwylliam and Council to the Privy Council. 
Dublin Caatle. Commend the Earl of Kildare for his willingness in Her Majesty's 
service against the Spaniards. The most part of his living is in the 
hands of the countess his mother, p. 1. 

Nov. 2. 2. Lord Deputy and Council to Burghley. As to the payment of 
144Z. 6s. 8d. Irish, creation money, to the Earl of Kildare. p. 1. 



[Nov. 2.] 

VOL. cxxxvm. 

3. Petition of Henry Earl of Kildare to the Privy Council, to be 
restored to certain lands now wrongfully, by forged offices, detained 
from him. p. 1. 

[Nov. 2.] 4. Petition of Henry Earl of Kildare to Queen Elizabeth, to grant 
him that indifferent justice that his causes may be heard, p. 1. 

[Nov. 2.] 5. Lord Deputy Fytzwylliam to the Privy Council for Mr. 
Dublin Castle. Dowrich to be second Justice of Munster instead of the present aged 
judge, Justice Meagh. Copy. p. 1. 

Nov. 2. Another copy of the above. [Entry Book, Ireland, Folios, Vol. XII., 
p. 203.] p. 

Nov. [2]. Mr. Chief Justice Anderson and Mr. Attorney-General to the 
Privy Council. The bearer, William Dowrich. Mr. Walter Dowrich 
is very fit to be second Justice in Munster if Mr. Meigh be removed. 
[Entry Book, Ireland, Folios, VoL XII, p. 203.] p. . 

[Nov. 2], 6. Note of the charge of the Five Shires in garrans and^drivers 
this hosting journey against the Spaniards. \See also Carew MSS., 
p. 473, No. 675.] pp. 2. 

Nov. 5. 7. Lord Chancellor Loftus to Burghley. That the bearer, Mr. 
Dublin. Thomas Wingfield, may have the custodiam of some of his father's 
farms in Ireland, p. 1. 

Nov. 5. 8. Sir Thomas Williams to Burghley. The Vice-President of 
Dublin. Munster certified that he found the undertakers' numbers full both 
of men and horse. The last summer Williams mustered them all in 
one day at Kilmallock. p. 1. Incloses, 

8. i. Particular book of the wages due to the army for half a year 
ending 30 Sept. 1588, being men 1,915, money 24,239^. Is. 9Jd 
Irish. 1588, Sept. 30. pp. 28. 

Nov. 5. 9. Sir Thomas Williams to Walsyngharn. His view of the 
Dublin. undertakers' men in Kerry and Bantry. p. ^. 

Nov. 5. Extract of the above. [Entry Book, Ireland, Folios, Vol. XII., 
p. 203.] p. i- Incloses, 

9. L Particular book of the wages due to Her Majesty's army 
1 April 1588 to 30 Sept. 1588, Sept. 30. pp. 28. 

Nov. 6. 10. Examinations of the Portreeve of Mullingar, of Richard Casie, 
Mnllingar. an d of Nicholas Dignam, relative to the arrest of Henry" Eyland at 
Theobald Dillon's instigation, notwithstanding his letters of great 
importance to the Lord Deputy and to the Council, and that he had 
a special message from Sir Richard Byngham to deliver to the Lord 
Deputy by word of mouth, p. 1. 

Nov. 7. 11. Wallop to W.alsyngham. May it please your Honour to be 

Dublin. advertised, that as formerly I sent you Sir Richard Byngham's 

letter of the 24th of the last month of the departure of the Spaniards 

lastly landed in the north parts, so by other his letters of the 29th 



of the same [October] doth he write the like, which is confirmed by 
divers other advertisements : and that only some few remain, that 
the ship that perished not, was not able to carry away, who are 
thought either by sickness or misery like to perish, or otherwise 
will pass themselves into Scotland, so soon as they can get passage. 
Yet, notwithstanding, the Lord Deputy, to prevent the worst, as 
I take it, went forward his journey the 4th hereof through Con- 
naught into M'Sweeny Ne Doe's country, where the said Spaniards 
were, with purpose, as it seemeth, to return through the countries of 
O'Donnell, O'Neill, and the Earl of Tyrone, and so to compound the 
controversies between O'Neill and the Earl. He doth, I doubt not, 
enterprise this journey with a very honourable and good mind, and 
in it I wish him all honourable and good success, but in my time, 
nor so- far as I can learn, in the memory of man, the like journey 
into the north hath not been taken in hand at this time of the year. 
But it may be that when his Lordship cometh nearer to those parts, 
and shall more thoroughly be persuaded of the small remain of the 
Spaniards, or that they be gone into Scotland, which I think they 
will do as soon as they can get boats, that his Lordship will shorten 
his journey ; or otherwise that he hath some other purpose in it 
than as yet is known to me. I have been these 15 days, and yet 
still am troubled, with an exceeding cold and wind in my belly, 
which keepeth me from sleep, and taketh from me my stomach, by 
reason whereof I have his Lordship's license to stay at home, and 
willingly in the case I am I would not adventure myself, the service 
being no more dangerous than I hope it will fall out. God sending 
me health, shipping, and fair weather, I will make all the haste 
I may into England, being continually dealt with here more hardly 
than I have deserved, or ever thought to have found. The par- 
ticulars are so many as I should be over tedious to write them, and 
therefore at this time forbear to trouble your Honour with them, 
straining my patience for the time in hope of relief from Her 
Majesty by your Honour's means, whom I always have and will 
serve faithfully and truly whatsoever may be informed to the con- 
trary. Herewith I have sent your Honour a note of such ships of 
the Spanish Fleet as have been lost upon this coast, and are not 
mentioned in the " pryntyd booke." [Autogr.] p. I. Indoses, 

11. I. Note of such skips of the Spanish Fleet as have perished, 
whereof no mention is made in the printed booh pp. 2. 

11. II. Certificate of the disbursement of 4,000?. assigned by Privy 
' Seal 14 Sept 1588. 1588, Nov. 3. pp. 8. 

Nov. 8. 12. Wallop to Burghley. It may be that the Lord Deputy will 

Dublin. shorten the journey he intended, and make his repair homewards 

to Dublin. Presses for more money. [Autogr.] pp. 1. Indoses, 

12. i. Spanish ships perished. One great ship upon the coast in 
CTBoyle's country between Lough SwZtty and Sligo. Item, there 
perished also in 0' Boyle's country aforesaid a ship of Denmark and 
all her men saving Jive, which shi/p was laden with masts, tar, pitch, 




flax, hemp, and cordage. She was not of the Spanish Fleet, but was 
bound for Spain. The five men, whereof one was a Scot, have gone 
into Scotland, as it is advertised. Same as above No. 11. L 

12. ii. Book of the disbursements o/4,OOOZ. brought over by Hugh 
Strowbridge, 5 Oct. 1588, Nov. 3. pp. 11. 

Nov. 10. 13. Privy Council to the Lord Deputy and Council. We have 
received your Lordship's letters of the 28th of the last month, and 
have acquainted Her Majesty therewithal, who doth like well of 
your Lordship's care so to provide for the suppressing of those 
Spaniards which are set on land in the north parts, as they may be 
let of their purpose, and yet Her Majesty drawn to no further charge 
than shall be necessary and requisite for the present service, wherein, 
according to your request, there is special order taken for the send- 
ing over of 300 soldiers, under the conduct of Mr. [George] Delves, 
for Dublin, to be disposed of as your Lordship shall see cause. Her 
Majesty in like manner doth like very well of your Lordship's 
determination to make towards them, wherein we hope that God 
will grant you that good success which hitherto he hath vouchsafed 
us in the dispersing and overthrow of those our enemies, wherein 
we do also allow the discretion your Lordship doth purpose to use, 
not to note too severely the faults and disposition of those that 
have declared themselves in favour of the Spaniards, but to take" 
that wise course which shall be most expedient for the furtherance 
of the said service. Moreover, whereas your Lordship doth give us 
to understand of your determination in your return at the Newry to 
hear the cause in controversy between the Earl of Tyrone and 
Turlough Lynagh O'Neill concerning the lease made by Turlough to 
the Earl for term of seven years, with condition if the said Turlough 
Lynagh would demand the same at the end of three years, then the 
lease to be void, which three years being expired at Michaelmas 
last, 1588, Turlough Lynagh did signify his mind the Earl should 
not enjoy the same for any further space, and the Earl insisteth to 
continue his lease for the whole term of seven years ; wherein 
because you require us to advertise you what course you shall take 
for the compounding of the said difference. We do think it meet 
your Lordship do advise by all means you may the Earl of Tyrone 
to surcease his further claim to the rest of the years, considering 
that there was an express condition in the lease that if the said 
Turlough Lynagh at the end of three years should, &c. To which 
end we have written to the Earl to persuade him to yield in that 
behalf. Howbeit if he cannot be drawn thereunto willingly upon 
the debating and hearing of the cause between them, your Lord- 
ship shall take such order therein that according the condition in 
the lease Turlough Lynagh may enjoy the possession of his land, 
wherein you shall not do amiss to compound the same with the 
agreement and consent of the parties. Now, where you and the rest 
of the council there have moved us for the setting at liberty of Hugh 
Roe O'Donnell, O'Donnell's son, being pledge in the castle of Dublin, 
we think it not fit, considering the state of this present time there, to 




consent to his enlargement, and ^herein also we like well of the 
course your Lordship hath taken, notwithstanding our former letters, 
in continuing still in prison Edmund FitzGibbon and Donough 
M'Cormock M'Carthy in respect of these late troubles grown by the 
landing of the Spaniards. Lastly, where you signify unto us the 
restraint you made of ships upon the advertisement of the discovery 
of the Spanish fleet, which you continue still, until you shall hear 
from us, we see no cause but the same may be enlarged for any 
French ships, or such as shall trade to the parts in France, so as 
your Lordship take special order that there may be no grain trans- 
ported. Minute, pp. 3. 

Nov. 10. Copy of the above. [Entry Book, Ireland, Folios, Vol. XII., 
p. 201.] jfclf 

Nov. 10. 14. Lord Deputy to Burghley. After many consultations the 
Athione. journey into the north was at last concluded upon, and I at this 
present with Her Majesty's army am entered into it as far as 
Athione ; wherein, if either the deepness of winter, which yieldeth 
. short days and long nights, foul ways, great waters, many stormy 
showers, want of horsemeat, hazard of spoiling and loss both of 
horses and garans which have our carriages, besides the report that 
there were not above one hundred or thereabouts left of the ragged 
Spaniards would have persuaded me to stay, I should not have gone 
forwards. Every man has a liking to the journey. The Irish fear- 
ing my approach put the Spaniards away. Proclamation and 
measures for the execution of them. My determination to hold my 
office in honour not yielding to the Earl of Ormond for whom I 
profess much friendship. Prayer for half a year's imprest. Autog. 
pp. 2. Incloses, 

14. i. Earl of Ormond to Mr. Comerford. To accompany the 
bearer Richard Power to Borrisoule to seize the Spanish ship and 
goods. To seek out the Duke of Medina Sidonia and use hi/m well, 
giving him Ormond's horses to ride abroad, as he is the greatest 
prince in Spain. 1588, Sept. 18, The Court at St. James's Copy, 
p. I. 

14. u. H. Shethe, servant to the Earl of Ormond, to Sir R. 
Syngham. The orders he received from his master as Admiral. 
Prays that he may have the prisoners. M'Namara committed to 
Innisfor having the goods of one ship. 1588, Oct. 28, Carrybrian. 
Copy. p. 1. 

Nov. 10. 15. Muster of John Cowper's horsemen, p. 1. 

Nov. 11. 16. Note of the checks set down upon Mr. Cowper's 10 horsemen. 

Nov. 11. 17. Checks on Mr. Cooper's horsemen, p. 1. 

Nov. 11. 18. Muster of Sir William Herbert's horsemen, p. 1. 

Nov. 11. 19. Muster of Sir Edward Phyton's horsemen, p. 1. 




Nov. 1 1. 20. Musters of the horsemen of Sir Edward Fyton, Sir Wm. Herbert, 
Mr. John Popham, and also of Hugh Cuffe's, and Mr. John Cooper's 
horse, pp. 4. 

Nov. 12. 21. Walsyngham to the Lord Deputy. Thanks for his kind 

The Court at notice of Mr. Pipho, his cousin. Promises to further his suit for 

Greenwich. ^ h a if_y ear iy i m p re st of his entertainment. Copy with a note 

from Fytzwilliam to Walsyngham assuring him of honour and love. 

p. I. 

Nov. 15. 22. A. Loftus, Archbishop of Dublin, to Burghley. The country 

Dublin. is no t like to receive harm by Feagh M'Hugh O'Bryne. The Lord 

Deputy's journey hath dismayed both the Spaniards and the Irish. 

Fytzwylliam unfeignedly feareth God and doth nothing without 

great consideration, p. 1. 

Nov. 15. 23. Mr. John FitzEdmond FitzGerald [of Clone] to Walsyngham. 

Cork. Exculpates himself from calumnies. The feoffinent made to him by 

the attainted Earl of Desmond. His advice against the marriage 

between Florence M'Carthy and the Earl of Clancar's daughter. 

Autog. p. 1. 

Nov. 18. 24. Sir Edw. Waterhous to Walsyngham. Testimony as to the 
Woodchurch in justness of Robert Harrison's suit for a debt to divers persons due 
in the time of the Earl of Essex p. 1. 

[Nov. 18.] 25. Petition of Robert Harrison to the Privy Council for a fee- 
farm of concealed or other lands in consideration of his hurts, and 
41 1. 17s. due to him. p. 1. 

Nov. 19. 26. Muster of Mr. Cooper's horsemen, p. 1. 

Nov. 23. 27. Wallop to Burghley. Against the unjust charging of him in 
Dublin. matters of account by Auditor Peyton and Sir Valentine Browne. 
Ireland is and hath been always full of troubles and very poor. 
Many that are to pay rents are so wild that without great force it 
may not be had of them. Inconvenience of Hart's suit. Wallop's 
cold. pp. 3. 

Nov. 23. 28. Substance of Sir H. Wallop's letter delivered by his servant 
Norton, p. 1. 

Nov. 24. 29. Lord Deputy to Burghley. Upon an offer made by Sir Richard 
Baliyshannon. Byngham to Sir Edward Denny of his charge in Connaught, and an 
agreement concluded between themselves in private, they have made 
me acquainted therewith, and Sir Edward in particular hath desired 
me to recommend him to your Lordship's favour, to be a mean to 
Her Majesty for her allowance and consent thereunto. The conditions 
of the bargain I refer to the report of Sir Edward, who hath got 
leave of me to repair thither to labour Her Majesty's consent. And 
for my part respecting principally Her Majesty's service, I leave 
both the matter and the parties to be considered of in this case as 
your Lordship shall like best, being in mine own affection not unapt 
to allow of Sir Edward Denny to that place, both for his many good 
parts and being well favoured of Her Majesty, and also for that it 





was Sir Richard Byngham's own choice and the offer moved first 
from him. And so leaving the gentleman to your Lordship's honour- 
able help, upon whose goodness it seemeth he dependeth much, I 
humbly take leave, referring also to his report how far I am pro- 
ceeded in my journey against the remain of Spaniards left straggling 
in the north parts of this realm, who I understand are in number 
400 or 500 dispersed in poor estate into divers parts, and yet so 
favoured and succoured by the country people, as it will be hard to 
hunt them out, but with long time and great labour. 

P.S. I humbly pray your Lordship's pardon in my boldness to 
write in the gentleman's behalf as I do only upon five months' ser- 
vice together ; but for my part, so standing with Her Majesty's good 
pleasure and your Lordship's, I hope and doubt not but he will 
discharge the same sufficiently. [The postscript and signature 
autograph.} p. 1. 

30. Sir V. Browne to Burghley against the habit of some under- 
takers who daily search into the titles of men's lands and get infor- 
mation that they ought to be the Queen's. Also against Sir William 
Herbert's suggestion for making up his seignory in Kerry, p. 1. 

Nov. 28. 31. Muster of the ward of Castlemaigne. p. 1. 

32. Mr. Henry Ughtrede to Walsyngham, for Doctor Sprynte to 
be made coadjutor to the Archbishop of Cashel, Meyler Magrath. 
Holog. p. 1. 

33. Petition of Henry Ughtred, Esq., to the Privy Council, for 
other nine ploughlands in Conyloghe instead of the lands of Thomas 
Came, which are to be restored, p. 1. 

Nov. Privy Council to the Earl of Bath. Letters this day received 

from the Lord Deputy of Ireland. The 100 soldiers to be sent back 
from Padstow to the towns whence they weie levied. Money not yet 
disbursed by Captain Swan to be kept to Her Majesty's use. Copy. 
p. 1. [Entry Book, Ireland, Folios, VoL XII., p. 202.] 

Nov. 34. Giles Clenscher to" Walsyngham. Three ships have sailed with 

provisions from Waterford for Spain. Prays for a commission to 
stay them at their return. Autog. p. 1. 

Nov. 35. Questions of law regarding leases from the Crown to be 

resolved by the judges in England and transmitted into Ireland. 

Nov. 27. 


Nov. 29. 


Nov. 29. 


Dec. 2. 1. Petition of Mr. Wilbraham, the Queen's solicitor in Ireland, to 
the Privy Council That servitors' livings be not passed in rever- 
sion to strangers. That Sir John Perrot may send back into 
Ireland the Indentures of the Composition in Connaught. p. 1. 



Dec. 3. 2. Sir R. Bingham to the Queen. The loss of the Spaniards on 
Castle of the shores of Connaught from first to last was 12 ships that are 
Athlone. k now n of, and two or three more supposed to be sunk to the sea 
bord of the Out Isles. The men of these ships all perished, save 
1,100 or more who were put to the sword, amongst whom were 
officers and gentlemen of quality to the number of 50, whose names 
have been set down in a list. These gentlemen were spared till 
the Lord Deputy sent me special direction to see them executed, 
as the rest were only reserving alive one Don Lewes de Cordova 
and his nephew till your Majesty's pleasure be known. Count 
Perides and Don Alonzo de Leva with other gentlemen were 
thrown ashore in Irris, the remotest place in all this province, and 
" their shipp all to brocken " ; they did afterwards by chance 
embark themselves in another of their ships and departed to 
sea, but being again driven back upon the northern coast in Ulster, 
and from thence putting to sea again, are sithence as I hear say 
cast away about the isles, going for Scotland. My brother George 
Bingham had one Don Graveillo de Swasso and another gentleman 
by licence, and some five or six Dutch boys and young men, who 
coming after the fury and heat of justice was past, by entreaty I 
spared them, in respect they were pressed into the fleet against 
their wills, and did dispose them into several Englishmen's hands 
upon good assurance that they should be forthcoming at all 

Thus was all the province quickly rid of those distressed enemies, 
and the service done and ended without any other forces than the 
garrison bands, or yet any extraordinary charge to your Majesty. 
But the Lord Deputy Fytzwylliam having further advertisements 
from the north of the state of things in those parts, took occasion 
to make a journey thither and made his way through this province, 
and in his passing along caused both these two Spaniards which 
my brother had to be executed, and the Dutch men and boys who 
had been before spared by me, reserving none but Don Lewes de 
Cordova and his nephew, whom I have here [at Athlone]. I was 
glad in one respect that his Lordship should take his way through 
Connaught, for that thereby he might the better satisfy himself of 
what we had before performed here, and accordingly had written 
of. Other wrecks they had both in Munster and Ulster, which 
being out of my charge I have not so good notice of. [Autogr.] 
p. 1J. Incloses, 

2. I. List of divers Spanish gentlemen of quality and service 
as captains, masters of ships, lieutenants, and ensigns executed. 
p. I. 

Dec. 4. 3. Sir R. Byngham to Burghley. The bearer, his cousin George 
Atblone. Bingham. Prays for a lease of the Abbey of Boyle in consideration 

of his great charges in opposing the Spaniards and getting Sligo 

Castle for Her Majesty. [Autogr.~] pp. 2. 

Dec. 7. 4. Sir Warham Sentleger to Burghley. Quiet state of the pro- 
Cork, vince. Expedience of executing the seneschal of Irnokilly, Patrick 




FitzMaurice, Patrick Condon, the White Knight, and his son-in-law, 
Donough M'Cormack. It were good if Florence M'Carthy were kept 
a prisoner for life. The Lord Roche hath very stubbornly behaved 
himself. Sir Owen M'Carthy to be kept in England, and his two 
sons. [Autogr.] pp. 3. [See Life of F. M'Carthy, p. 55.] 

Dec. 12. 5. Collection of things to be propounded and resolved concerning 
the realm of Ireland. Many questions to be asked of Sir John 
Perrot, and especially for him to set down his opinion for the north. 
p. I. 

Dec. 14. 6. Sir J. Perrot's memorials to deal with the Lord Treasurer in. 
a. To show his Lordship the note of my services done in Ireland ; 
item to show the indentures for the Composition of Connaught. 

6. Item, the auditor's note of the revenues gotten yearly to the 
Crown by me. 

c. The book of arrearages due upon certain persons in England 
for money by them received in Ireland, made by auditor Jenyson. 

d. The brief of the revenues of Ireland for eight years. 

e. The charges of the two northern journeys. 

/. The difference of the extraordinary charges for three years in 
Sir Henry Sydney's time, and for three years in my time, by auditor 
v Peyton. 

g. Whether the late Lords Justices Loffcus and Wallop or I were 
best husbands to Her Majesty in our expenses. 

h. Item, to show the composition of that which hath been gotten 
in Connaught in my time of the twentieth part and firstfruits, 
which before that time was received by the bishops under the name 
of an nates. 

i. Item, to deliver the note of the names of pledges and proteetees, 
and where they are. 

k. To show the gross and total sums of Her Majesty's debts due 
in Ireland from 1560 to 1588, Sept. 

I. Item, to show the view of three years' charges of Ireland ended 

m. Item, to show a brief of the revenues of Ireland as they stand 
charged in the account of the revenues for eight years in Sir Henry 
Wallop's time, and of the clear remains to be charged in the account 
of the wars. 

7i. Item, to show the copy of a writ sent out of England into 
Ireland to inquire and seize upon such lands as the justices or other 
the King's ministers had gotten without licence of the prince. 

0. Item, to show the reasons why there was contention between 
me and some of Her Majesty's Council. 

[ Many of the documents referred to are calendared at their respec- 
tive dates.} p. 1. 

Dec. [14]. 7. A brief declaration of part of the services done to your Majesty 
by Sir John Perrot, knight, during the time of his deputation 
in the realm of Ireland. 

1. Imprimis. Within few days after my arrival in June 1584, 
after I had published my commission, settled the Pale, and delivered 
to the lords and gentlemen of the same the purpose of my sending 


1588 VOL. cxxxrx. 

over thither, and what I wished them to do for the service of your 
Majesty and their own good, I took my journey to Connaught, to 
place Sir Richard Bingham there, where all the lords, gentlemen, 
and most of the province came unto me without protection, and 
there I took pledges of the greatest and most doubtful men of the 
same, and them delivered to Sir R. Bingham, requiring him that if 
there were any other needful to be taken he would make them 
known unto me, and I would not leave the province until I had 
seen them taken and delivered. I also took and caused to be 
apprehended at my being there divers the most hurtful and lewdest 
men of those parts, whom I committed to prison, putting some of 
the most notorious to execution. \In margvn. Examine the Earl 
of Thomond upon that point, and Sir Edward Moore.] 

2. From thence my purpose was to have gone to the province of 
Munster, to have established Sir John Norreys in the same, and to 
have taken good assurance of the protectees there, and in my 
return to have settled Leinster, which was at that time subject 
to some disturbance by the Mores, Conors, Kavanaghs, and Feagh 
M'Hugh [O'Byrne], but in "my passage before through Athlone, I 
took a messenger sent out of the north (as he confessed) from O'Neill 
and other the best of Ulster to sundry the lords of Munster, viz., 
the Earl of Clancar, the Lord of Lixnaw, Viscount Barry, Maurice 
Viscount Roche and Fermoy, Edward Butler, and others, to stir 
them up to a newfrebellion, with the persuasion of the speedy coming 
over of a great army of island and inland Septs, which he imparted 
to the said Lord of Lixnaw, who answered him, that neither he 
nor any in Munster would enter into any such action so long as Sir 
John Perrot governed Ireland and the Earl of Ormond remained 
there, as the said Lord of Lixnaw after did confess at Limerick to 
the Earl of Ormond and me, further saying unto the said mes- 
senger that it was in vain for him to travel further in that 
matter into Munster, but wished him to return back again, which 
he did. The said messenger further confessing unto me and the 
Council that it was determined, in respect they were governed by 
a priest [Loftus] and another [Wallop] that was not a soldier, if I 
had not come over there should not have been left one English- 
man alive in the realm before Michaelmas day to be found for 
any " fastnes money." [In margin. See my letter or certificate 
and the Council's upon that point: as also examine my Lord of 
Ormond and Sir Edward Moore thereupon.] 

3. Item, at my then being at Limerick I received letters from the 
Earl of Tyrone, the knight marshal Sir Nicholas Bagenall, Sir Huo-h 
O'Donnell, Captain Mynce, and Mathew Smith of the arrival of the 
Scots according to the declaration of the former messenger, the said 
letters importing them to be 3,000, with great store of artillery 
and great ordnance, and divers of them inland Scots. [In margin. 
See their letters, as also my Lord of Ormond's.] 

4. Whereupon I was enforced with all expedition to return to 
Dublin, from whence I despatched your Majesty's ship called the 
Handmaid to keep their galleys and ships into Lough Foyle, where 



they then rode, but by reason of a leak taken by the way she could 
not perform the journey : but having then assembled the Council 
and Grand Council, to whom I imparted the aforesaid letters, it was 
thought most convenient both by me and them, that I should with 
all expedition undertake that journey into the north with forces. 
[In margin. See the Act entered in the Council Book] for the 
which when I had gathered an army and was come to the Newry 
there came unto me O'Neill and all the northern lords, except 
O'Donnell, who was far off, and Sorley Boy M'Donnell, who re- 
fused to come, where I took Arthur, O'Neill's son, pledge for his 
father. And going on past the Newry I had news that the Scots, 
hearing of my coming, were fled ; but finding then (being so far 
on my journey) that I had put your Majesty to the greatest 
charge thereof, and that there was none left that stood against 
your Highness but Sorley Boy M'Donnell, who had usurped upon 
your Majesty and your subjects, been a great disturber of the 
country, and was a dangerous firebrand for the bringing in of the 
Scots, having before by himself and his followers overthrown two 
or three of your Majesty's bands of footmen there. [In 'margin. He 
overthrew Captain William Chatterton and Captain Chr. Baker.] I 
practised there again by the Earl of Tyrone, Sir Edward Waterhous, 
and Sir Edward Moore that he should yet come in and make his 
submission, yield his obedience, and put in his pledges, but yet he 
returned answer that unless he might have the Earl of Ormond, 
Sir Edward Waterhous, and Sir Edward Moore hostages for his 
return, and further might know beforehand what conditions of com- 
position he should be at, he would not come at me, besides which he 
used divers words of great arrogance and much indignity, very 
dishonourable for me to have borne. [In margin. See the Earl of 
Tyrone and Sir Edward Moore's certificate in that point under their 
hands,] and therefore, being come so near him, I thought good 
to do my endeavour to abate the courage of so proud and traitorous 
a person, believing that in controlling him, being then the greatest, 
all the rest of the realm would after submit themselves, as indeed 
it followed; and therefore, dividing mine army, I appointed the 
Earl of Tyrone and the Lord President of Munster the leading 
of the one half on the one side of the Bann, and myself and the 
Earl of Ormond keeping the other side, who in their journey 
took a great part of Sorley Boy's cattle and his followers, and 
myself, going through the Route, spoiled the same, killed divers 
Scots, and coming to Coleraine to meet the said Earl of Tyrone 
and the Lord President, I sent to require the castles of Dunluce, 
Dunanyne [Duneane], and others that were held by the Scots 
to yield, but it was answered that they would keep the same 
for the King of Scots, and would not yield them unto me. [In 
margin. Examine the Earl of Ormond, the Earl of Thomond, my 
Lord President Norreys ?, and Sir Edward Moore in that point.] 
Whereupon I turned my forces towards those castles, and after a 
few shot they yielded, where during my abode Sir Hugh O'Donnell, 
Sir Owen O'Tool, and divers others of that country came unto me 




and there pleaded their causes to bill and answer. Turlough Lynagh 
O'Neill continuing still with me. [In margin. Generally known.] 
I also placed M'Quillin in the Route, which was his ancient inheri- 
tance, and left him 20,000 cows, leaving Gary in the ward at 
Dunluce, Captain Christopher Carliell and Captain William Bowen, 
with their bands, at Coleraine, and spoiled the Raghlins, and then, 
by reason of the winter and the floods, I returned to the Newry, 
where I assembled all the lords of the north and their chief 
followers, as the Earl of Tyrone, Turlough Lynagh O'Neill, O'Donnell, 
O'Cahan, Maguire, Sir Ross M'Mahon, Sir Oho O'Hanlon, Sir Con 
M'Neill Oge O'Neill, Lord of Claneboy, Sir Hugh Magennis, Sir 
Owen O'Tool, Shane O'Neill's sons, Turlough Braselagh, the captains 
of the Fews, Farney and the Dartry, the captains of Kilultaugh 
and Kilwarlyn, Shane M'Brian, Hugh Oge O'Neill, of Lower 
Claneboy, Hugh Oge M'Hugh M'Felim O'Neill, and all the rest of 
the north, except Sorley Boy M'Donnell, and there declared unto 
them what inconveniences they had been long subject unto by 
having the Scots amongst them, who kept them stiU under, took 
away their lands, and spent their goods ; whereupon, by yielding 
reasons unto them, they were contented to swear to the supremacy, 
to serve your Majesty against all men, and to enter into covenant 
by indenture to find your Majesty 1,100 soldiers amongst them 
during your pleasure for defending themselves and banishing the 
Scots, all being glad that I had undertaken that cause against 
Sorley Boy M'Donnell, which was also afterwards greatly allowed of 
by your Majesty and the Council here, and I appointed to go 
forward with the same. [In margin. See the indentures. See your 
Majesty's letters and my Lords on that point.] Neither hath the 
journey been so chargeable by the tenth part as hath been reported. 
[In margin. See the auditor's certificate for the charge.] I also 
made a division of the north into counties, and appointed sheriffs 
there, leaving Turlough Lynagh O'Neill my deputy by commission 
for the government of his own country, the Earl of Tyrone over the 
Fews, Farney and Dartry, Sir Rosse M'Mahon and O'Hanlon's coun- 
tries, and to the Marshall Bagenall the charge of all his own country, 
Killultagh, Kilwarlyn, Lecale, the Little Ardes, the Great Ardes, 
Sir Con M'Neill Oge O'Neill, and Magennis' country, and to Sir 
Henry Bagenall the charge of Knockfergus, the Route, and Glynns 
and Caronsland, granting the said Glynns and Carons to Donell 
Gorme M'Donnell, the brother of Angus M'Donnel, for a rent of 80 
beeves per annum, besides the rising out,which done I did put in upon 
the Lords 700 soldiers, who continued there, were well found, and 
their pay better than any other the soldiers of the garrison. All this 
concluded I did at the Newry disperse the companies, and so 
returned to Dublin. [In margin. See the allowance for the soldiers.] 
[Item, where it hath been given out that the soldiers which by 
composition were imposed upon the northern Lords misliked their 
entertainment, as not being able to live thereupon, I do affirm the 
same to be untrue, for there at this present six or seven captains 
that have their entertainments there, according to that rate, viz., 

P41. F 


1588 VOL. CXXXIX. 

two brothers of the Ovingdons with O'Donnell, another brother of 
the Ovingdons upon the Earl of Tyrone, Captain William Mostyn 
and Captain Jordan with Turlough Lynagh O'Neill, Captain Willis 
upon M'Mahon, and Captain Bethel upon Sir Con M'Neale Oge 
O'Neill [Lord of Claneboy], who do all well like their allowances, 
the rest of the captains of Ireland being generally desirous to be put 
to the like entertainment.] 

This paragraph in brackets is introduced from the copy of three 

5. Then I gave order to the bishops for the repairing and re- 
forming of their churches, which were generally in pitiful decay even 
almost to Dublin gate, and gave commandment to the people for 
the repairing of the bridges. [In margin.] See the Warrant. 

6. Item. A little after, understanding that the O'Reillys of the 
Brenny had been spoilers of the Pale to the yearly value (as was 
generally reported) of 2,000 marks, besides sundry vile murders and 
outrages they committed, I sent for Sir John O'Reilly, and all the 
chief of that country, and by persuasion caused them to yield, that 
the country of the Brenny should be made a county, called the 
county of Cavan, where I placed both sheriff, justices of the peace, 
escheators, feodaries, chief constables, and all such like officers ; and 
then I divided the country by indenture into five parts, leaving 
thereof three baronies unto Sir John O'Reilly, one barony unto Philip 
O'Reilly, one barony unto Edmond O'Reilly, and another to Cahir 
Gair O'Reilly, and other gentlemen of the O'Reillys, causing them to 
yield unto your Majesty yearly 230 beeves, which have been since 
orderly paid to the State, besides the rising out of horsemen and 
footmen, the Pale having been ever since free from any outrage or 
spoil either by them, the Fews, Ferney, or Dartrey. [In margin.] 
See the Indentures of division for that county. 

7. Item, then I justices of the peace in all the Pale, the 
bordering countries, and Connaught and Munster ; escheators, coroners, 
feodaries, high constables, and petty constables, with the erection of 
stocks, according to the manner of England, for the punishing of 
vagrants, a custom there never before used. [In margin. See the 
order for that point.] 

8. Item, After this I appointed justices of assize to take several 
circuits throughout all the Pale, the counties of Cavan, Longford, 
Wicklow, Wexford, Kilkenny, the King and Queen's counties, Car- 
low, Ferns, and all Munster and Connaught, a thing not done there 
before within the memory of man, who have done much good in 
their circuits by the hanging of sundry malefactors, and doing of 
justice. [In margin. Generally knowen.] 

9. Item, I went into the King and Queen's counties where I took 
pledges and assurances of all the chief Conors and Mores, since which 
time I have hanged most of them by justice and marshal law, so that 
there is not one of them now left to make head against your Majesty. 
Also I took Piers Grace, who had been a rich rebel about 35 years, 
and had killed sheriffs and justices of peace in the county of Kil- 
kenny. Also I took my Lord of Upper Ossory's base brother, a 
notable malefactor, with divers other lewd persons of O'Carrols, 



M'Coghlans, and O'Don's countries, as also of the counties of Kilkenny 
and Tipperary, so that the worst are now cut off, and the rest fallen 
to the plough whereby those countries are become rich, and the 
English there do live in better quiet than they have ever dene 
before. [In margin. Examine Sir Edward Moore, Mr. Sheffield, 
and others that be here. Examine the Earl of Ormond and Mr. 

10. From thence I went into the counties of Carlow and Wexford 
where I took pledges of all the Kavanaghs there, who after lived 
quietly till some contention fell between Dudley Bagenall and Murtough 
Oge Kavanagh, who by Bagenall's means was ill slain, whose sons 
thereupon went out and did some spoil. [In margin. Examine 
Mr. Sheffield.] 

11. Item. I caused Feagh M'Hugh O'Byrne to come divers times 
in English apparel to me to Dublin without protection, and to put in 
his eldest son pledge for his assurance, who escaped with other 
prisoners out of the Castle of Dublin, since which time I caused him 
to put in two of his other sons for pledges, and one of his wife's 
brothers, and have caused him to kill of the Mores and other loose 
people coming into his country to the number of 26 since. [In 
margin. See the note of the pledges.] 

12. Item. I made a second journey into the north to settle the 
same, where I divided O'Neill's country into two parts, viz., the Earl 
of Tyrone and Sir Arthur O'Neill to have the one moiety for rent, 
and Turlough Lynagh O'Neill to continue in possession of the other, 
and likewise made partition of divers other countries there. [In 
margin. See the Indenture of division.] 

13. Item. Upon your Majesty's letter I sent 600 soldiers and 500 
kerne to my Lord of Leycestre into Flanders. 

14. When I had determined and disposed the several governments, 
I gave myself to continual sitting for the hearing of common causes, 
which either I determined by myself or referred to the hearing and 
ordering of others according to the agreement of the parties, whereby 
much quietness hath ensued generally through the kingdom. 

15. Item. I granted general pardons unto such as required the 
same, wherein I added more provisos and exceptions than ever were 
used before my time, and the sooner I granted the said pardons in 
respect that all that were pardoned did still put in bonds for their 
good behaviour from the time of the granting of the said pardons. 
[In margin. See the Remembrancer certificate of the exchequer and 
James Remes.] 

16. Item. Then inasmuch as I considered that it was not possible to 
have restitution made for all the borderages, slealths, and robberies 
that had been committed in many years before, and that such as 
were not of ability to make restitution would thereby rather keep 
out in the woods than endanger their lives by coming in, I made 
general proclamation of oblivion throughout the kingdom, that all 
such stealths as were not ordered before May 1583, being a whole 
year before my coming to that government, should not be charged 
upon any of the offenders, but the same to be utterly forgotten. By 
the which proclamation all the bad Irish that lived in the woods 

F 2 



came in, and did put in sureties for [their good behaviour, and fell 
to the plough. [In margin. See the Proclamation.] 

17. Item. I summoned a Parliament at Dublin, to the which came 
all the northern lords and other great men of the realm by my letter 
only without protection, which they had not done at any time here- 
tofore. [In margin. Examine Sir Edward Moore, Mr: Sheffield, and 
all the Irish gentlemen.] 

18. Item. At the said Parliament I did by my industry only pro- 
cure the Earl of Desmond's lands to be passed unto your Majesty, 
whereas otherwise it had been carried away by a feoffment made by 
the said Earl which was pleaded in Parliament against your High- 
ness. [In margin. See the copy of an entail which by my only 
means was found, which overthrew that feoffment.] 

19. Item. I caused to be passed amongst other laws, the impost for 
wines to your Majesty for 10 years. [In margin. See the Act for 
the impost.] 

20. Item. I sought to pass to your Highness a subsidy according 
to an Act sent over by your Majesty, but the same was crossed by 
Marshal Bagenall and divers other English gentlemen, who for that 
they were of great livings withstood the same for their private [in- 
terests], which was the first cause of the falling out between me 
and the said marshal and divers other English gentlemen. And if 
Poyning's Act had been suspended I would have hoped to have 
brought your Majesty a greater revenue to the Crown than now 
your Highness hath. [In margin. See the Speaker's certificate.] 

21. Item. I caused O'Neill divers times to carry the sword before 
me, who had often before borne a sword against your Majesty, and 
caused him to plead his cause by bill, answer, and replication, &c., 
according to the law, between him and Hugh, Earl of Tyrone, and 
O'Donnell, both before me and the Council, as also before other 
Commissioners assigned therefore. [In margin. Generally known.] 

22. Item. I have cut off the Tanistship of most of all the great 
septs of the kingdom, reserving to your Highness out of their lands 
yearly rents, either in money or beeves. Also I have divided divers 
of the greatest Lords' lands into smaller portions, whereby they shall 
never be able to grow so strong as they have been against your 
Highness ; which I would have likewise performed in other parts, 
if the Earl of Tyrone had not obtained so much lands by grant from 
your Majesty here. [In margin. The Indenture of surrender will 
show that ; and the Auditor's certificate.] 

23. Item. I have gotten generally in the composition throughout 
the realm, a great rising out of horsemen and footmen to the service 
of your Majesty where the same have never been had heretofore. 

24. Item. I left in the Castle of Dublin all the protectees of Munster 
whom I got and procured to be taken by my means of device, other- 
wise they might have brought some trouble in this doubtful time. 
[In margi/n. See the note of their names.] 

25. Item. I prosecuted Sorley Boy M'Donnell and the Scots till 
I drove them into Scotland, from whence they had not come in any 
more but by default of others, wherein were killed of them and their 




followers by my computation at several times about twelve hundred 
besides those that were slain in Connaught by Sir Richard Bingham 
And moreover I compelled the said Sorley Boy M'Donnell to come 
into Dublin to submit himself there upon his knees ; confessing his 
folly and faults, as appears by his submission. Also he there threw 
his sword down before your Majesty's picture, kissed the pantofle of 
the same, sware his allegiance to your Highness in the King's Bench, 
Common Pleas, the Chancery and the Exchequer, made himself a 
denizen by oath to serve your Majesty only, and delivered his son, 
who yet remaineth pledge for his obedience, whereupon I divided 
the Route between him and M'Quillin by indenture, out of which 
they do pay unto your Majesty yearly one hundred rent beeves 
[In margin. See his submission.] 

26. Item. Ijhave left pledges in the Castle of Dublin, and in other, 
places upon all the strong and doubtful men of the realm, whose 
names were too long here to recite, whereby it is like the state of 
the kingdom will continue long in quiet, among whom Hugh Roe 
O'Donnell, O'Donnell's son [by the Scotch woman], and others of 
that country are part, whom I obtained and brought thither by a 
stratagem. [In margin. See a note thereof.] 

27. Item. I have gotten and saved to your Majesty near 4,500 
pounds which otherwise had not been done, or else had been carried 
away from your Highness, viz., out of the 1,000?. given for Desmond's 
head, 500 marks. Also for a fine put upon Maguire 500 cows, 
besides I saved to your Majesty's use 3,000?. which otherwise had 
been gotten by the executors of Sir Nicholas Malbie. And I reserved 
to your Highness upon pardons in Connaught and elsewhere about 
500 marks. And for a fine upon the Earl of Tyrone for contempt, 
500 cows. [In margin. It plainly appeareth.] 

28. Item. I increased the composition from 1.500?. to 2.100?. and 
had once brought the Lords and gentlemen of the Pale to yield to 
3,000?., 'but when they understood of your Majesty's letters for the 
allowance of 2,000?. I could not bring them to above 2,100?., which 
is granted from Michaelmas anno 1584. [In margin. See the com- 

29. Item. I got in more of your Majesty's debts in the four years 
and a quarter of my government, than was recovered in ten years 
before, as will appear by the Remembrancer's certificate. [In margin. 
See the Remembrancer's certificate.] 

30. Item. I have procured your Majesty since my government 
there 4,000?. or 5,000?. a year of revenue as well in Connaught as in 
other parts of the realm, as by the Auditor's declaration will appear, 
and have made a composition between the Lords and their tenants 
in Connaught. [In margin. See the Auditor's certificate and such 
other matters as I can show.] 

31. Item. I have saved your Majesty by my computation 2,000 
marks yearly at the least in that I have caused most of your garrison 
there to take victualling money instead of victuals. 

32. Item. I delivered into the now Deputy's hands in Dublin at 





his arrival there the Earl of Tyrone, O'Neill, O'Donnell, Maguire, 
Sir Ross M'Mahon, Sir Oh O'Hanlon, Sir Hugh Magennis, Sir Con 
M'Neal Oge O'Neill, Sir John O'Reilly, and the rest of the O'Reillys, 
the Captains of the Fews, Farney, and Dartry, and many other 
petty Lords of Ulster and other places, who had stayed with me in 
Dublin five or six weeks before to see my departure. [In margin. 
Not to be denied.] 

33. Memorandum. I forbear to tell what good my going into 
Connaught did towards the overthrowing of the Scots, neither will 
I rob Sir Richard Bingham of his due right therein, also that I 
offered to go upon the Scots dwelling in the Isles and to destroy 
them. Further that I offered to bring all the Lords of the Kingdom 
of Ireland, over with me upon their own charge to submit themselves 
to your Majesty in England, and moreover that since the restraint 
by your Majesty that I should do nothing without consent, that I 
offered to kill Feagh M'Hugh O'Byrne, or to banish him out of his 
country, if I might have had but a small sum of money beforehand. 

34. And to conclude, I left the kingdom generally from sea to sea 
in such universal quiet and obedience as the same hath not been 
known at any time heretofore, so as men might safely ride from 
place to place without disturbance or danger, as shall appear by the 
certificates of the whole kingdom, every man possessing his own in 
peace, their cows being abroad quietly in the night, and the subjects 
being generally obedient to all process letters and commandments, not 
knowing of any one man that stood out with three swords to follow 
him, against your Majesty ; at the time that I left the government. 
[In margin. See the certificate of the nobility, townsmen, gentlemen, 
and others of the realm on that point.] And to be brief, in all 
appearence they honoured, loved, and gladly obeyed your Highness 
throughout all the parts of the realm. So as if good hold be taken 
and the opportunity not omitted to confirm them, there is good 
likelihood of a continuance and establishment of peace and tran- 
quillity throughout the whole kingdom. Autograph, damaged. 
pp. 2. 

8. Copy of the foregoing, also signed by Sir John Perrot. 
Indorsed, a note of certain services done by Sir John Perrot 
during his deputation in Ireland ; also damaged, pp. 3. 

[Dec. 14.] 9. Declaration of Sir John Perrot's housekeeping while Lord 
Deputy of Ireland, as well of his standing house as also of his 
journeys, drawn down by the book of household the 24th of June 

DUBLIN. He received the sword 21st June 1584, and kept house 
at the Castle until the 13th July, next following amounting to 23 
days and one meal, which maketh 3 weeks 2 days and 1 meal. 
CONNAUGHT. From which time he remained in the west with part 
of his household until the 9th of August next following, which is 26 
days and 1 meal, making 3 weeks 5 days 1 meal. DUBLIN. From 
August 9th he kept his house at the Castle till the 25th of August, 
which is 16 days and 1 meal, making 2 weeks 2 days and 1 



meal. ULSTER. Remained in Ulster with part of his household 
from the 25th of August till 10th of October next following which 
is 46 days and one meal, making 6 weeks 4 days and 1 meal. 
DUBLIN. Kept house at the Castle from the llth of October till the 
23rd of March following which is 163 days and 1 meal, making 23 
weeks, 2 days and 1 meal OFFALY AND LEIX. Remained ia Offaly 
and Leix with part of his household from March the 23rd till the 
llth of April following in anno 1585, which is 18 days and 1 meal, 
which maketh 2 weeks 4 days and 1 meal. DUBLIN. Kept house 
at the Castle from the llth of April till the 16th of July next 
following, making 13 weeks 5 days one meal. ULSTER. From 
July the 16th till August the 29th, 6 weeks 1 day 1 meal. DUBLIN. 
From August the 29th till November 2, 9 weeks 2 days 1 meal. 
DROGHEDA. From November 2 till November 6, 4 |days 1 meal. 
DUBLIN. From November 7 till February 16, 14 weeks 3 days 1 
meal. DROGHEDA. From February 16 till February 22, 5 days 1 
meal. DUBLIN. From February 22 1585/6 till September 20 1586, 
making 30 weeks and 1 meal. CONNAUGHT. From September 20 till 
October 17, making 3 weeks 5 days 1 meal. DUBLIN. From 
October 17 till April 16 1587, being Easter day, which is 26 weeks 
less 1 day. 

Summa totalis In Dublin. - - 122 weeks 4 days 1 meal 
On journeys. - 24 weeks 3 days 1 meal 

Memorandum. That I remained in Ireland from that Easter day, 
being the 16th of April 1587 until the [2] of July 1588. pp. 2f 

Dec. 19. 10. Sir Edward Phyton to Burghley. Has been 1,500& out of 
Holbome. pocket in Ireland, viz., 1,000?. in the venture, and 5001. in raising 
and arming 25 horsemen, who are now discharged. He despairs of 
ever seeing that good in the country that he hoped for. He begs 
that the rent of his land hi Ireland may be remitted on account of 
his father's 20 years' service and his own, and that he may be able 
to defend himself. Poor Mr. Inglefield reposes himself wholly 
upon Lord Burghley. Autograph. Incloses, p. 1. 

10. I. Sir E. Phyton' s tenants of English birth within Munster, 
their families and ploughs: 
In the County of Limerick : 

Ralph Hollenshead - 1 plough 201. 

H. Manley - 1 , 201. 

Ralph Oldham - 1 , 201. 

Thomas Story 3 , 601 

Robert Gravenor - - 1 , 201. 

Jeffrey Story 1 , 20Z. 

David Wolfe 3 , 601. 

Thomas Golde - 2 , 401. 

Sir Henry Wallop - - 3 oxen ploughs. 

William Brome 4 ploughs 801. 

County of Tipperary : 

Knocker den, Thomas Story - 1 plough 201. 

Cottyon and Elton in moi'tgage fw - 701. 



15 oo. 

Waterford County : 
Sir Edward Phyton himself with 40 

persons and his brother - 2 oxen ploughs 140Z. 

Three tenants 3 ploughs 6Ql 

Richard and Alex (Sir Edward's brothers) 

have paid for mortgages of the land 651. 

and have erected 3 ploughs 60Z. 

Total - 690Z. 

Endorsed : The true estate of Sir Edward Phyton's inhabitation in 
Munster. His petition to have some longer freedom from paying 
rent in respect of his charge of 500. in furnishing and transporting 
25 horsemen now discharged. 

[Dec. 20.] 11. Book of the decreased rents in Ireland, showing to whom they 
have been let, and what was the ancient and best survey. 
Damaged, pp. 46. 

Dec. 21. 12. Privy Council to the Lord Deputy. So it is that a secret ad- 
vertisement being very lately sent out of the Low Countries to Her 
Majesty of a resolution there by the enemy to despatch Sir William 
Stanley, the traitor, from thence with his regiment and some others 
forthwith into Spain, and yet nevertheless that Stanley intendeth 
by the way to touch and land in some part of Ireland. Her Majesty 
hath thought meet you should be made acquainted therewith, as also 
that she doth think it convenient for preventing of the worst that 
you should repair into Munster with such forces of Her Majesty's 
ordinary garrison as you may well and conveniently draw from other 
parts of that realm, giving also order unto the Governor of Con- 
naught and to the well-affected noblemen and gentlemen of the Pale 
to be in a readiness to march towards that province upon any in- 
vasion so to be attempted. And for that the 500 soldiers found by 
Turlough Lynagh O'Neill and certain other principal persons in 
Ulster are by Sir John Perrot commended to be proper men and well 
furnished, we think meet your Lordship, in case of necessity, should 
put them in pay, and use their service as men for their training and 
continuance of service in those countries, far more apt to be em- 
ployed than any that can be sent from hence. This journey of 
yours, though nothing should be attempted from foreign parts, yet 
cannot be in vain, because your presence in the west parts there 
shall serve to great good purpose for the better settling of the under- 
takers, of whom certain seem to be discomforted. For which purpose 
you shall shortly receive particular instructions by Mr. Wilbraham, 
Her Majesty's solicitor in that realm. And for that there is in the 
mouth of the haven of Waterford a neck of land called Duncannon 
on the side of the haven towards Wexford, a place of some importance, 
where some fortification hath been begun of late by Sir John Perrot, 
which would be finished as he supposeth with the charges of 300Z. 
or some like sum. It is thought meet a special regard and eye be 
had to that place to be fortified and preserved from all enemies, and 
the said fortification to be finished as soon as may be, as also fur- 
nished with some of the ordnance lately taken of the Spaniards, or 





with some other of Her Majesty's remaining at Cork, Limerick, or 
any other place meet to have the same carried and planted there. 
And for that we understand that the demi-cannons and demi-cul- 
verings, now presently remaining at Limerick, are all dismounted, 
and that there are store of wheels and planks to make carriages at 
Cork, we think fit the said wheels and planks be conveyed to 
Limerick for the mounting of the said ordnance, which being mounted, 
or so much thereof as by your Lordship shall be thought meet, you 
shall give order to see the same conveyed to the said .fort by land or 
water, as you shall in discretion find most fit and speedy. Thus much 
of Stanley's intended attempt we have signified in a despatch now 
by the way of Bristol to Waterford unto the Vice-president of 
Munster, Thomas Norreys, to the end he may as much as lieth in 
him prevent all perils to grow in that province before your repair 
thither. And we require you to give present order that money be 
either sent, or procured there, that both the further finishing the 
said fort and the carriage of the ordnance and planting of the same, 
may not for lack of money be delayed. And you shall do well also 
to make choice of some captain of knowledge and trust to be placed 
with some number of footmen and gunners to guard it, which may 
be done without any new surcharge, taking such number out of some 
of the ordinary bands either from the Pale or out of the garrisons of 
Munster. And so we wish you, though speedily you cannot, go 
thither yourself, yet to send some other thither to confer with the 
Vice-president of Munster. Minute; damaged, pp. 1% . 

Copy. [Entry Book, Ireland, Folios Vol. XII., p. 205.] p. 1. 

13. Privy Council to the Vice-President of Munster. Her Majesty 
has been advertised that the traitor, Sir William Stanley, is to em- 
bark with his regiment at Dunkirk. Instructions to make head 
against him should he attempt an invasion in Munster. The fort 
called Duncannon to be finished. The Lord Deputy is appointed to 
reside in Munster. Minute, p. 1J. 

Copy. [Entry Book, Ireland, Folios Vol. XII., p. 206.] p. 1. 

14. Gerald M'Coghlan [Mackochelan] to Sir John Gifford, alias 
M'Kochelain, in Delvin. He claims him as father. Threatens Tady 
and Hugo Daley. Has obtained the Pope's pardon for him. Bids 
him put away Daly's sister and take back O'Molmoy's daughter for 
his wife. Hologr. pp. 3. 

15. Memorial concerning the Commissioners to be appointed for 
Munster, and the effect of their commission: [Indorsed 23 Dec. 
1589, but probably 1588.] pp. 5. 

[Dec. 25.] 16. Note of the revenue arising from the faculties for the years 
26 to 31 Elizabeth, both inclusive, per William Cooke, clerk of the 
faculties. Lot. [Sent for Burghley, by the said Cooke.] p. 1. 

Dec. 27. 17. Sir William Herbert to Burghley. He has not repaired to 

The Castle of England, having to supply Mr. Vice-President's place in Kerry and 

mi Desmond. The enmity of Sir Valentine Browne, Sir Edward Denny, 

and others, who measure conscience by commodity. Disorders at 

Waterford and Clonmel. [Hologr.] p. 1. Incloses, 

Dec. [21.] 
Dec. 21. 

The Court. 

Dec. 21. 
Dec. 22. 


Dec. 23. 




17. 1. Mr. Chief Justice Jessua Smythes to Sir William Herbert, 
touching the ad/ministration of the laws. Old Ireland is no change- 
ling, except there come new punishments to their old offences. Need 
of the English undertakers being present on the spot. [Hologr.] 
1588, Dec. 11. pp. 2. 

Dec. 27. 18. Sir William Herbert to Walsyngham. Right honourable, my 
The Castle of most humble duty premised, that I have not attended upon your 
the island. Honour according to my last letters, the Vice-President, Thomas 
Norrey's absence hath been in cause, who, at his departure into 
Ulster, from whence he is not yet returned, left me his substitute 
within these two counties of Desmond and Kerry, which stayeth me 
in these parts longer than willingly I would, especially not being 
ignorant of the immeasurable malice that is borne me by some very 
ill-disposed, for that I swerve far from their wicked ways. I could 
acquaint your Honour with all their objections, and easily discover 
the untruth, the malice, and the vanity of them, but I would rather 
do it by way of answer than by " prae-occupation," making in the 
meantime most humble suit that false suggestions before my answer 
heard, and wind blown in corners, which dare not abide the light, 
may not do me harm. I desire nothing more than that my whole 
words, deeds, and demeanour in these parts may be called in question. 
I doubt not to have the testimony for me of the bishops, judges, 
magistrates of cities, and the gravest and wisest of this province of 
Munster, the general voice of these two counties, the judgement of 
my Lord Deputy and of the chief of this estate, and the very 
letters and handwritings of my greatest adversaries, whose accusa- 
tions shall prove mine ornament, and whose combinations shall 
discover their shame if I may have justice. 

I must confess I have in heart abhorred many of their actions, 
but never any of themselves. I have ever wished them well, but 
could not brook that which I knew evil. They, on the other side, 
detract and detest all my doings, not because they are evil, but 
because they are mine. Hereof it is that Sir Edward Denny mis- 
likes any that affect me, tells everybody that he will do more for 
them than 20 Sir William Herberts, that he is your Honour's cousin 
gennan, and that Ireland shall know him so to be before Easter. 
That I pretend to the authorities I have not and exercise the govern- 
ment never committed unto me, endeavour to discharge a trust never 
reposed in me, and delude the people with hope of reformations of 
injuries, that lieth not in my power to procure. But having of 
recital of words for worse, and deeds many marvellously injurious, 
which for three especial causes (besides many other) I have endured 
with great patience. First, for that he was a groom of Her Majesty's 
privy chamber. Secondly, for that he was your Honour's kinsman. 
Thirdly, for that which I will pass with grief and silence, and which 
time and his own actions will discover, wherein he is spurred on by 
[Thomas] Spring, constable of Castlemaine, assisted by Mr. Brown, 
with all others in these parts that measure their conscience by their 
commodity. I cannot omit what passingly displeased me, those rare 
things, in truth, of good value of the Duke of Medina Sidonia's cast 




Dec. 28. 


Dec. 28. 



into his hands, as I interpret by God's providence (to the end they 
might be presented to Her Majesty), he being Her Highness' sworn 
servant of Her Privy Chamber, sworn councillor of this province, 
sworn sheriff of this county, he showed certain friends of his, at his 
house of Tralee, and declared how he meant to dispose of every part 
of them, some to this nobleman, some to that. One thing there was 
which cost 3,000 ducats in Spain, that he said he should, but would 
not bestow upon your Honour, for that your Honour was already 
sufficiently bent to do him good. But he would bestow it upon 
another, that had dissuaded Her Majesty from forgiving him the 
rent of his seignory, whom by that gift he hoped to make his friend. 
In this I noted three evils, evil conscience, evil nature, and evil dis- 
cretion. Evil conscience, in depriving Her Majesty of her due and 
of God's especial favour therein, moved nothing by my example, 
whom he knew in a matter of less weight and more colour of right 
to have preferred my duty before my commodity, in that wedge of 
gold I sent to Her Majesty ; and in these things being advertised 
by a note and warrant under my hand of Her Highness' right by 
prerogative unto them. Evil nature was showed in preferring a 
hoped gain before a tried good, and greediness before gratefulness. 
Evil discretion was expressed by intimating of insincerity in those 
of highest place, for it is most sure that the reputation of authority 
and power in men of that calling doth not more keep the subjects 
in bounds of duty than the reputation of goodness and virtue. My 
fear to be too troublesome, and the haste of the messenger, enforce 
me to end. As for the state of these parts, your Honour shall 
shortly receive from me a discourse, drawn out of all my former 
letters and applied to the present, whereunto I shall add three 
paradoxes and three positions. The drift of the whole is to establish 
the good estate of these parts, to save Her Majesty 2,OOOZ. a year of 
superfluous charges now here sustained, to gain Her Majesty 2,000?. 
a year revenue where now nothing is or is like to be received. By 
both to benefit the province 4,000l a year, with increase of quietness 
and security. P.S. For that I mean to take but 6,000 acres within 
the county of Kerry, and am desirous to have other 6,000 acres in 
the county of Desmond, after the Earl of Clancarr's death, I beseech 
your honourable favour and furtherance to Her Majesty that I may 
there have " Castle logh, the Pallace, and Ballicarbry," with 6,000 
acres of land about them. I write thus timely lest some other 
should first make suit for them. [Hologr.] pp. 3. 

19. Wallop to Walsyngham. That the suit of Chidiock Wardour 
against George Eyles, touching the tithes of the parsonage of Over 
Wallop, may be postponed till after Hilary, when Wallop will be 
able to be present. Postscript. If Walsyngham should not think 
his own letter likely to prevail, perhaps the Queen would write a 
letter to have the cause put off when she knows the cause of 
Wallop's stay in Ireland. Wardour presses on the trial in hope of 
succeeding if Wallop should not be present. Autogr., p. 1. 

20. Secretary Fenton to Burghley. Relation of the northern 
journey against the Spaniards who were of the better sort, well 


1588 VOL. CXXX1X. 

appointed with armour and weapon. Don Alonso de Leva the 
chief man to give address to all the land service in the enterprise. 
The difficulty in hunting the Spaniards which escaped into the 
woods and bogs. They draw in, to avail themselves of the pro- 
clamation, as fast as their weak bodies will suffer them. pp. 2. 

Dec. 28. 21. Michael Gaffney to his father-in-law William Walshe. Prays 
Paris. him to give no occasion to his mother to be offended, and not to be 
churlish, p. 1. 

Dec. 28. 22. Michael Gafihey to his sister Alson Gaffney. His sickness 
Paris. does not prevent his caring for her welfare, p. 1. 

Dec. 28. 23. Michael Gaffney to his cousin Thomas Gaffney in Kilkenny. 
Paris. He is in great' misery and sickness far from any help. Prays he 
will write of his Welfare, p. 1. 

Dec. 28. 24. Michael Gaffney to William Gaffney and John Gaffney. To 
Paris. be obedient to their father and mother, p. 1. 

Dec. 31. 25. Lord Deputy, but signed also by Loftus and Fenton, to the 
Dublin Castle. Privy Council. May it please your good Lordships where formerly 
by letters the council and I from hence [viz., Dublin Castle] gave 
your Lordships to understand of a journey meant into the north, 
as well for the riddance of such Spaniards thence who were reported 
to be dispersed in great numbers throughout that province and 
specially in Tirconnell, O'Donnell's country, under MacSweeny ne 
Doe and others under O'Donnell, and divers of them there in- 
trenched, as we were advertised by our espials, besides such other 
as were scattered abroad in that country among other Irishmen ; 
as also for that the Irishry of that province towards the Pale and 
Feagh McHugh O'Byrne, with the rest upon the mountains' side, 
grew into such pride upon hope of those Spaniards and their 
" assistants." So now have I thought meet (under hope of your 
Lordships' good acceptance) to acquaint the same with some " par- 
ticularities " concerning the said journey. First therefore, it may 
please your Lordships, I undertook the journey the 4th of November 
and finished the same the 23d of this instant December, being seven 
weeks and one day, returning without loss of any one of Her 
Majesty's army, neither brought I home, as the captains informed 
me, scarce 20 sick persons or, thereabouts, neither found I the waters 
nor other great impediments, which were objected before my going 
out to have been most dangerous, otherwise than very reasonable 
to pass. 

The spials which I and this council used in the discovery of the 
numbers of Spaniards, being some of them priests and others as 
badly affected as they, finding certainly that the journey held, 
acquainted such as relieved the Spaniards therewith. Whereof Don 
Alonzo de Leva having intelligence be [ing] then intrenched in 
Tirconnell, near the place where the hulk h[e] came in thither brake, 
meaning to have wintered there so long as [till] from Spain or 
Scotland there might have come some ships [for] their return, 
forthwith removed himself 19 miles off to a place where the broken 



and bruised galleas lay, and there lay incamped certain days, and in 
the meantime put her in so good state of repair as he thought would 
have served to carry him along the coast into Scotland, and to that 
end had hired three skilful pilots for Ireland and one for Scotland, 
and then taking with him his own company, being near 1,200, and 
all as may 'be with greatest reason thought choice men and of best 
account both for birth and service, went aboard her, who together 
with the galleas's company being at the point of 700 or 800, were 
altogether, as formerly I advertised your Lordships, tfast away upon 
the rock of " Bonboys," lying between the Bann mouth and Dunluce. 
Others to the number of 400 or 500 miserable and ragged creatures 
utterly spoiled by the Irishry, were sent from Sorley Boy's and 
other places into Scotland,* and order taken there, as it is reported 
for their clothing and conveying into Spain. And nevertheless there 
yet remaineth in that province, as it is said, 100 or thereabouts, 
being most miserable, both in body and apparel, and few or none 
of them Spaniards, whom the Council and I thought good to draw 
from thence, by offering unto them the Queen's mercy, rather than 
to suffer them to abide there, after which 20 came in, and as I hear 
many of the rest are coming in as they are able. But before the 
proclamation, after my coming into those provinces there were 
divers of them executed in each of them, the number and names of 
which I will humbly make bold to trouble your Lordships with by 
my next. 

I took my journey from Dublin directly to Athlone, and from 
thence through Connaught to Sligo, where Her Majesty's army from 
Munster, Leinster, and those of Connaught met together, the number 
of which in horsemen and footmen your Lordships shall receive in 
the inclosed note. As I passed from Sligo, having then gone 120 
miles, I held on towards Bundrowes [in the county of Leitrim], 
and so to Ballyshannon the uttermost part of Connaught that way, 
as some say, but denied so to be by O'Donnell and his followers, 
and riding still along the sea coast, I went to see the bay where some 
of those ships wrecked, and where, as I heard, lay not long -before 
1,200 or 1,300 of the dead bodies. I rode along upon that strand 
near two miles, (but left behind me a long mile and more), and then 
turned off from that shore, leaving before me " a mile and better's 
riding," in both which places they said that had seen it, there lay 
as great store of the timber of wrecked ships as was in that place 
which myself had viewed, being in mine opinion (having small 
skill or judgment therein) more than would have built five of the 
greatest ships that ever I saw, besides mighty great boats, cables, 
and other cordage answerable thereunto, and some such masts for 
bigness and length, as in mine own judgment I never saw any two 
could make the like. 

At my coming to the castles of Ballyshannon and Beleek, which 
stand upon the river of Erne, and are in the possession of one Sir 
Owen O'Tool alias O'Gallogher, a principal man in that country, 

* Where some of their descendants exist at the present time, with the tradition of their 
original coming. 




and a great favourer of the Scottish woman, O'Donnell's wife [Ineen 
Duv], her race [the M'Donnell's] and children, [one of whom was 
Hugh Roe] ; I found all the country and cattle fled into the strong 
mountains and fastness of the woods in their own countries and 
neighbours' adjoining, as to O'Rourke, O'Hara, the M'Glannaghies, 
Maguire, and others. And so found I until I came to Donegal, the 
ancient and chief house of the O'Donnells, and from thence to Stra- 
bane, Sir Turlough O'Neill's house, standing upon the river of Fyn, 
and accordingly O'Donnell made us entertainment, for other than 
our own provision we had but 80 mean cows of the country, which 
grieved me not a little, not for want of victuals, wherewith we were 
sufficiently furnished, as for that I saw that hope to be frustrate 
which I had to have brought with me from thence two years' rent 
beeves ending at Allhallowtide last, which Sir John Perrot set down 
two years before his departure upon that country, and 700 beeves more, 
whereat they were fined by him, amounting in the whole to 2,100. 
Which, as I thought desperate till 1 came into the country (for 
never could I, in four months together get anything but promises 
and not one beef paid) so then seeing all fled, I saw the case more 
desperate than before. 

O'Donnell met me a little before my coming to Donegal, I being 
then accompanied with Sir Owen O'Tool, whom by courteous 
entreaty I had drawn thither to help the compounding of some 
good course for the well ordering of his country. I rested there 
four days, in which time came to me McSweeny Ny Bane, a young 
man very dutifully affected to the State. Also, one Hugh Duff M c y 
Duff, uncle to O'Donnell, and Donnell O'Donnell, eldest son to 
O'Donnell by a woman of that country birth, one whom the Scot- 
tish woman and all her friends of that country would gladly be rid 
of. There came also one O'Boyle, a man of good territory and 
strength in that country. But for M'Sweeny Ne Doe, M'Sweeny Ny 
Fanno and two or three strong septs of people there, being all 
devoted to the Scottish race [they] never came at me, though 
O'Donnell promised often they should, which when I saw not to be 
performed, I drew towards Strabane, and in my travel thitherwards 
at my last incamping before I passed the Mourne to Strabane, 
Sir John O'Dogherty came to me, whereof I was not a little glad, 
for then t made account before his and Sir Owen O'Tool's departures 
to settle her Majesty in some good surety for the 2,100 beeves, 
and 1,000 more for a fine, which at Dungannon, the Earl of Tyrone's 
house, upon handling of the matter was accomplished, and by them 
both and O'Donnell agreed that they should be cut upon the country 
and paid, and in the meantime that Sir Owen and Sir John should 
go and remain with me till such pledges as I then named, the Scot- 
tish woman's second son being one, were put in. I likewise then 
limited the day of payment, and that if default of payment were 
made, the Earl of Tyrone with 300 or 400 of Her Majesty's gar- 
rison should go into the country to rear it. I made while I was in 
Tirconnel, by the consent of the country, Donnell O'Donnell sheriff 
of the shire, of whom it is to be hoped her Majesty shall have his best 



service, the rather for that he knoweth the Scottish race and their 
friends would most willingly have his head. 

Thus your Lordships may see in what state I found O'Donnell's 
country, and that the 700 rent beeves were two years unpaid, as also 
the 700 fine beeves, being I know not how long behind, but unpaid. 
I fear Her Majesty shall never, otherwise than by force, get her 
rents out of that country, nor out of some others in Clanneboy, of 
whom I have been flatly denied 650, who hitherto have not paid any 
rent, though so set on them, but deny any such thorough order or 
conclusion made by them with Sir John Perrot, which also Mr. 
Francis Stafford, then governor there under Sir John Perrot, hath 
by his declaration affirmed. 

The matter between Sir Turlough [Lynagh] O'Neill and the Earl 
of Tyrone for the conditional lease, albeit I and the Council before 
I went out, thought it to be a matter which would have been hardly 
compounded otherwise than by present restitution of the land unto 
Sir Turlough [Lynagh] O'Neill, and therefore had determined that 
the Lord Chancellor and Council should have met me at the Newry 
homeward, whither I meant, to have brought with me both the Earl 
and Sir Turlough, that we together might have dealt in the cause 
between them, yet so it pleased God to let me find such favour at 
Sir Turlough [Lynagh] O'Neill's hands, and the Scottish lady,* his 
wife, who was most eager and sharp to have had the land and tenants 
presently back, as in the end I left them satisfied in the promise 
which I made them that the Council and I would so effectually deal 
for them between that time and May next, as should be to both their 
contentments. Afterward, at my coming to Dungannon, where the 
army and I found so great cheer and refreshing at the Earl [of 
Tyrone's] cost, as I could wish no better, Mr. Secretary [Fenton] fell 
in dealing with the Earl, persuading him to deliver up the lease 
to O'Neill, sithence his interest being determined merely by the 
condition, he could by no colour of law or justice keep the land from 
him, and withal told him what hope I had to persuade Sir Turlough 
Lynagh O'Neill that his Lordship might enjoy it until May next. 
Whereunto the Earl answered that if so he might, he would desire to 
keep it no longer. 

Thus much I am humbly bold to trouble your Lordships with, the 
rather to the end, if so it may stand with your Lordships' good 
pleasures and liking, I may suppress your Lordships' letter unto the 
Earl of Tyrone in that behalf, whereby the thing passing in that 
nature, as wrought by me and the Council to both their content- 
ments, it may be a mean to work such credit unto us, as I and they 
shall be the more able hereafter to compound matters between them 
and others of like or greater weight. 

The Councillors who accompanied me in this journey were Sir 
Richard Byngham, Sir Lucas Dillon, Sir George Bowrchier, Sir 
Thomas Le Strange, and Mr. Secretary Fenton. But Sir Richard 

* Campbell, Agnes, Lady of Dunnavaigh, widow of James M'Uonnell, and wife of 
Torlough Lynagh O'Neill. 


1588. VOL - 

Byngham, at my coming to Ballyshannon, with his band of horse- 
men and footmen returned to his own charge. 

And now having humbly made bold thus far to trouble your Lord- 
ships with the events of the northern journey, saving only with the 
extraordinary charges thereof, which grew by councillors' allowances 
by the day, the sea charges, and victuals sent by sea, which by notes 
inclosed shall appear unto your Lordships, and will be paid with the 
fine beeves, with a good remain unto Her Majesty towards other 
charges, I humbly crave your Lordships' patience for the particular 
answering of your Lordships' several letters sent by my three men, 
being all landed not four days before my coming into the Pale. So 
long stood the wind contrary whatsoever had happened in the mean- 

I received from your Lordships seven several letters, whereof one 
jointly to me and the Council, the other to myself, containing in 
substance as well her Majesty's most gracious acceptance ; a thing 
above all others most joyful unto us, of our dutiful service and pro- 
ceedings in this action, both in making head against the enemy and 
in executing such Spaniards as fell into our hands, as also your 
Lordships' great, honourable, and favourable regard in the despatch 
hither of men, munition, and money, of which money, being 4,000?., 
there came hither 2,394Z. 10s., for the which as we are bound we 
yield your Lordships our most humble and dutiful thanks, most 
humbly beseeching your favourable remembrance for a greater 
portion ; for that the soldiers' month's victualling money and a 
month's imprest being given to every of the bands, which is with 
the least, considering their great want and poor estate before this 
journey, wherein they have in the cold season of winter marched 320 
and odd miles, and therefore greatly needful to be refreshed, and 
also Sir* Thomas Norreys his half-year's entertainment due at 
Michaelmas last, and the half-yearly imprest which it hath pleased 
your Lordships to allow me for my relief, (not having least need 
thereof, for the which I yield unto your Lordships my most humble 
thanks and service, together with such allowances to those of the 
Council as went on this journey), this 2,394?. 10s. will not discharge 
it by 1,000?. and more. 

Concerning the soldiers under Sir Turlough O'Neill, O'Donnell, 
and other lords of the north, whom your Lordships' wrote should be 
entertained with her Majesty's pay, during this service ; they were 
by them discharged before this service began, nevertheless if they 
had not been discharged yet such had some of their behaviours been, 
as they should not have put her Majesty to any penny charges with 
us. Touching the enlargement of those western prisoners whereof 
your Lordships formerly wrote unto us, they shall, presently after 
Christmas upon the Council's meeting together, be released, and the 
rest safely kept. And for Florence McCarthy, at my being at Sligo, 
I caused Sir T. Norreys (for that I understood of his over great 
liberty at Cork) to take order for the removing of him to the Castle 

* This is the first time he is called Sir Thomas Norreys. 


158g VOL. CXXXIX. 

here at Dublin, where at my return I found him committed by the 
Lord Chancellor Loftus, and the young lady [his wife] by her 
father's appointment delivered to some of his men. 

Further where it pleased your Lordships that I should make 
inquiry whether Don Alonso de Leva were drowned, and that I 
should send forth Her Majesty's ship and some others for the 
destroying or taking of a great ship lying on the west of Scotland, 
about the Isle of Mull in " Maclane's " country, your Lordships shall 
understand by the inclosed examination of a man of this country 
birth, that he was shipped in the galleas which was cast away at 
Bunboys, I have good will to hang him, the rather for that he is a 
subject of Her Majesty's, and came upon this journey, but lest it 
might please your Lordships to hear him speak (for such respects as 
to your Lordships may seem good), I have stayed him together with 
divers Spaniards and men of other nations who were in the 
fleet, and are not within the benefit of the proclamation. And 
touching the ship at Mull, a pinnace shall go and see if there be any 
such or no, and finding her there, we will do what may be for the 
accomplishment of your Lordships' further pleasures. But for Her 
Majesty's new ship she is very weak, and was fain before her going 
out upon this journey to have four new knees put into her, being 
nevertheless, as Thornton saith, utterly unable to endure the winter 
service, and will not be made meet for it under 601. charge at the 
least, neither is she of greater portage than will serve for the vic- 
tualling of her own company. She was in great hazard to be lost 
this voyage, had not the other ships which accompanied her with 
the victuals, relieved her, and the space she sailed was run in 
24 hours, for in that time she and the other returned back to Dublin. 
George Thornton saith, and so do some of the Council, that Sir John 
Perrot said upon the building of her that if she were not liked, upon 
trial of her work, he would give the money she cost, which was 360Z. 
and upwards ; if it please my Lord Admiral to let him have her, 
and that his Lordship would allow me the old ship that is here, and 
some portion of money out of that new ship's price, there should be 
two pinnaces built, of 15 or 16 tons apiece, with 16 or 18 oars to 
each of them, which should, winter and summer, pass between head 
and head (Head of Howth and Holy head ?), and as further need 
were to Chester, and do such other service upon these coasts as shall 
be meet for them. Of the Spanish munition there is saved upon 
Connaught side but three small pieces, but it is thought by Mr. 
Secretary who recovered them, and viewed a long part of that coast 
that the next summer in more mild and warm weather there will 
be some others worth the labour gotten. The like opinion hath also 
Sir George Carew, the Master of the Ordnance, for some on Munster 
side. And further I hear that three fair pieces of brass, which lie 
within view between rocks at Bunboys, where Don Alonzo was 
drowned, will also be recovered. And further whereas your Lord- 
ships' pleasures are, that we should release all shipping stayed here, 
so that they traded no whither but to France, nor carried grain hence, 
it may please the same, the restraint continued till a little before the 

P41 - 1 Q G 




journey, at which time doubting of a short return, and weighing the 
poor state of these towns and cities, we released them, taking good 
bonds that they should neither trade anywhere but to France, nor 
transport any grain out of the realm, and further to that end made 
proclamations, and gave great charge to the officers of the port towns 
to see the same duly observed. Moreover having received letters 
from Mr. Secretary [Walsyngham] signifying Her Majesty's pleasure 
for the sending of Don Lewys de Cordua, and his nephew remaining 
at Athlone, and Don Alonso de Luzan, and Don Roderigo de Lasso, 
being at Drogheda, four of the best and most principal prisoners 
here, for the ransoming of Monsieur le Nowe and Tyllyny his son, 
it may please your Lordships I have sent them by the two pursui- 
vants of Her Majesty's chamber William Newall and Robert Worsley, 
being employed hither for that purpose, humbly desiring to under- 
stand your Lordships' pleasures for the rest, whether they shall be 
ransomed and sent away, or what other course else it pleaseth your 
Lordships shall be taken with them. The country standeth generally 
at this present in good and quiet terms and so continued during the 
journey, albeit at my going out it was doubted, by reason of some 
former shows, that Feagh M'Hugh 0' Byrne together with his consorts 
and others of like disposition would have played some lewd parts 
within the Pale, who nevertheless by the wise and provident means 
of the Lord Chancellor, to whom with others of the Council, the 
government of the Pale in mine absence was committed, never 
stirred, but quietly and in good order demeaned themselves. Thus 
humbly craving pardon for my long and tedious discourse, I take 
leave. Postscript. It may please your Lordships upon inquiry 
made of Don Alonso de Leva's casting away upon these coasts, I 
have, learned that in his abode here he wrote two several letters, 
sent away by special men into Spain, but whether directly from 
hence or through Scotland, I cannot find out. Only it may please 
you that if upon this letter, tending as may be thought to that end, 
there had been but 1,000 men with victuals and powder, of both 
which he was unfurnished, sent him out of Spain, to have assisted 
him and his 2,600 men, which now are all rid hence, I see not how 
but that before I could have given your Lordships advertisement, 
Her Majesty might have been dispossessed of Ireland. [Autographs.] 
Damaged, but see a good copy at p. 105, No. 1. i. Incloses, 

25. I. The examination of James Machary of the Gross within the 
county of Tipperary, taken before the Lord Deputy. He saith he 
ivas imprest at Lisbon, and put into a Flemish hulk called St. Ann 
of the burthen of 400 and better, in which were 300 soldiers and 
150 mariners, and the rest of the lading being victuals. After the 
fight, in the Narrow Seas, she fell upon Ihe coast of Ireland in a 
haven called Erris St. Donnell, where at their coming in, they found 
a great ship called the Rat of 1,000 tons or more, in which was Don 
Alonso de Leva, and an Earl called Count de Paris (? Perez) and 
brother of the same Earl, also a gentleman named Don Thomaso de 
gran Hello, a man much favoured with the King, of great revenue, 




and a natural Spaniard born; with divers good captains and 
other gallant gentlemen. There was in this ship of all sorts above 
700 men. After she perished DonAlonso and all his company were 
received into the hulk of St. Ann, with all the goods they had in the 
ship of any value, as plate, apparel, money, jewels, weapons and 
armour, leaving behind them victual, ordnance, and much other 
stuff, which the hulk was not able to carry away, which done, they 
set the ship onfi/re, and made sail for Spain, in which course, by a 
contrary wind they were driven back upon M' Sweeney Ne Doe's 
country to a place called Lougherris, where fatting to anchor, there 
fell a great storm which brake in sunder all their cables, and struck 
them upon ground, whereby Don Alonso and all his company were 
enforced to go on shore taking att their goods and armour with 
them, and there by the ship's side encamped themselves for the space 
of 8 or 9 days. Don Alonso before he came to land was hurt in 
in the leg by the capstan [" Capestele "] of the ship in such sort as 
he was neither able to go nor ride, neither during the nine days of 
his encamping, nor upon his remove, but was carried from that 
place to the place wherein the galleas named " Gerona " lay, between 
four men, being 19 miles distance, where likewise he and all his 
company encamped 12 or 14 days, in which time the galleas was 
finished and made ready for the sea, as well as she could be. He 
being advertised certainly from time to time that the Lord Deputy 
Fytzwylliam was preparing himself to come against them, put 
himself aboard her, having for his pilots three Irishmen and a Scot. 
There was in the galleas of her own soldiers, besides 300 slaves, 500 
or 600 men. He saith that Don Alonso, for his stature, was tall 
and slender, of a whitely complexion, of a flaxen and smooth hair, of 
behaviour mUd and temperate, of speech good and deliberate, greatly 
reverenced not only of his own men, but generally of all the whole 
company. And thus being all shipped in the said galleas, he saith 
they departed for Scotland, but what became of them this examinate 
cannot say. 1588, Dec. 29. p. 1. 

25. II. Examination of George de Venerey of Candle in Greece, 
a poor wretched creature who was thrust out of the galleas wJien 
Don Alonso de Leva was received into her. Don Alonso was a 
whitely man with an Abram beard, but whether he was lame or not 
he knoweth not. Dec. 29. 

25. m. Declaration of Captain George Thornton, that as he passed 
the Rathlins and Skirrys with Her Majesty's ship, it was constantly 
affirmed by a gunner saved out of the galleas who yet remaineth 
with Sorley Boy M e Donnell, that Don Alonso de Leva ^uas drowned. 
Dec. 31. p. . 

Dec. 31. 26. Lord Deputy to Walsyngham. Cannot yet learn how O'Reilly 
Dublin Castle. an d the Seneschal do stand charged. Proceeding against Gwynn. 
Good will to Mr. Pipho. Spanish prisoners sent over. His young 
son to be provided for. p. 1. Incloses, 



1588 VOL. CXXXIX. 

26. i. N. Wliite to Mr. John White. (Calendared below, p. 105, 
No. 1. iv.] Copy. p. 1. 

Dec. 31. 27. Sir N. White to Burghley. In favour of the bearer his 
Leixlip. nephew Lumbard to have payment, and a license to trade beyond 
the seas. The fortification at Duncannon to be completed, p. 1. 

[Dec. .] Privy Council to the Lord Deputy. We perceive by your 
Lordship's letters written to me the secretary [i.e. Walsyngham] 
from Athlone [about Nov. 10.] that upon your approaching to the 
provinces of Connaught and Ulster, the Spaniards remaining of the 
late shipwrecks upon the sea coasts of those provinces were dispersed, 
seeking refuge for their safety and lives by such ways as they could, 
and that some of them did shift themselves into the Pale, hoping to 
find passage from thence by sea. And as we cannot but commend 
your forwardness and diligence in putting yourself into the field 
while the report was that they held themselves in strength, and 
were combined with the M'Sweeneys and other ill-affected subjects 
in the north parts of that realm, so do we very well like of the 
good order given by you as well to the Lord Chancellor [Loftus] 
who remaineth in your absence at Dublin, as also the provost 
marshal for the discovering and cutting off of such of the said 
Spaniards as shall seek to escape by their secret retiring into the 
Pale. And now that we perceive that there is no just cause to doubt 
anything to be attempted by them, we have thought good to make 
stay of the sending of 300 men desired by you, as well for the 
ease of Her Majesty's charges as of the country's. And whereas we 
perceive by your Lordship's said letters that the report of the Irishry 
is that Alonso de Leva should be drowned in the ship cast away at 
Bunboys, we pray your Lordship to inquire by as many good means 
as you may the certainty thereof, because it is given out by reports 
come out of Spain that he and his company should be returned 
home, which we do not yet believe, but think it rather to be bruited 
by cunning to comfort the common sort withal, who are greatly dis- 
comforted with the great loss they have sustained of men, munition, 
and ships. We pray your Lordship also to certify us what ordnance 
hath been saved of the said shipwreck, and what there is hope to 
recover, and such as may be had to cause to be conveyed to places 
commodious to ship them for this realm, for that it is meant they 
shall be brought to serve for the furnishing of Her Majesty's navy. 
[Entry Book, Ireland. Folios, VoL XII., p. 207.] p. 1. 

De^. 28. Remembrances touching the musters of Undertakers and 

others where discretion may be used, &c. p. 2. 

Dec. 29. Mr. Attorney-General of England, Popham's, memorial for 

Munster, with notes by Burghley. pp. 2. 

30. Abstract of the Memorial for Ireland, p. 1. 

31. Privy Council to . Have sent the Solicitor- 
General of Ireland [Roger Wilbraham] to have the conveyances of 
freedoms to certain Lords of Connaught made out, according to the 





offices and indentures as to Her Majesty's composition for cess, 
brought over by Sir John Perrot. Indorsed. " A copy of a letter 
to be written from the Lords of the Council." p. 1. 

32. Note by the Lord Deputy Fitzwylliam, touching the cess in 
Ireland, p. 1. 

33. Queen Elizabeth to the Lord Deputy in favour of Donogh 
O'Connor, son of Cahil to be restored to certain lands. [Draft with 
corrections by Burghley.] pp. 4. 

34. Petition of Donogh O'Connor Sligo to Burghley, for restitu- 
tion of the manor of Sligo, intailed unto him by patent which is 
seized into Her Majesty's hands, p. 1. 

35. Petition of Donogh O'Connor Sligo, to Burghley. He hath 
received the copy of the letter to be directed from Her Majesty 
to the Lord Deputy, but it differeth but little from the first. He 
prays for a much more advantageous one in respect of the title pre- 
tended by the Earl of Kildare. p. 1. 

1588. 36. Challenges by Donogh O'Conor Sligo, against the jurors 

which past in a melius inquirendum for Her Majesty. Shane 
M'Fargananim was seized by the beard and threatened by Sir 
Richard Bingham unless he would pass as the rest did. pp. 2. 

37. Request of Don Alonso Luzon to Sir Geffery Fenton to make 
for him a true certificate as to his behaviour and captivity, p. 1. 

? 1588. 38. A brief declaration of the form of the Connaught compo- 

sition, p. 1. 

? 1588. 39. Note of Her Majesty's yearly ordinary charge in Connaught. 

See 1588. 40. Payments to Sir Henry Wallop made out of the receipt of the 
Exchequer, about the last going of Sir William Fitzwylliams as 
deputy of Ireland in 1588. p. 1. 

[1858.] 41. Necessary things for Ireland belonging to the Office of Ord- 
nance. [In EurgJdey's hand.'] p. 1. 

[1588.] 42. Rates of such munitions and habiliments of war as are 
ordinarily sent from the Tower of London into the realm of Ireland. 
p. 3. 

Prob. 1588. 43. Petition of Jasper Thunder to the Privy Council for some 
relief By the directions of Sir John Perrot, late Lord Deputy of 
Ireland, your orator made two voyages to Portugal to discover the 
strength and purposes of the enemy. On my return I fell into the 
hands of the men of Dunkirk and lost goods to the value of 200 
marks. I have given to Sir F. Walsingham such intelligence as I 
could procure. I got into debt for my diet and lodging and have 
been imprisoned in the Counter in Wood Street. Prays for some 
compensation for his losses, p. 1. 

1 * 


1588 VOL. CXXXIX. 

Prob. 1588. 44. Matters objected against Sir John Perrot touching his late 
government in Ireland wherewith he was charged after his return. 

He hath brought away into England the indentures of the com- 
position in Connaught. No enrolment being in the Chancery there 
these indentures should be returned to Ireland. The present 
Deputy hopes to increase the composition money by 500?. or 600?. 
more than it is at present. 

He hath also brought away with him into England the par- 
liament robes appointed for the Deputies. 

He took up the Deputy's provision for his house of port corn, 
rent beeves and impost of wines, and moved by the Council there, 
earnestly that he would depart with some portion of it, for the now 
Deputy's household utterly refused to part with any part, whereby 
the now Deputy before Christmas next will be damnified at least 
500?., wherein he looketh to be relieved by Her Majesty. 

He hath, lately, within this twelvemonth, passed a patent under 
the great seal of Ireland to Faghnagh O'Ferrall, Iriell O'Ferrall, his 
son, and their heirs, of certain lands, as also of the seneschalship in 
the county of Longford, which patent is very prejudicial to Kedagh 
O'Ferrall and a great number besides of the O'Ferrall's, and contrary 
f o certain indentures passed in the 10th year of Her Majesty between 
o- ch the septs of the O'Ferralls and Sir Henry Sydney on Her Ma- 
jesty's behalf, by which indentures after the death of the said 
Faghna the seneschal aforesaid is to be nominated by the Deputy 
from among any of the name of O'Ferrall during life only. This is 
likely to cause great disquietness in the O'Ferralls' country. 

This state of inheritance so passed to Faghna and Iriell is also 
contrary to Her Majesty's express letters of the 26th of February, in 
the 28th year of her reign, in which she commandeth no state of 
inheritance to be made without her special warrant. 

He appointed upon the death of Sir Donnell O'Conor Sligo, such 
commissioners as ; unjustly found the said O'Conor Sligo's lands for 
a supposed heir. The lands indeed upon Sir Donnell O'Conor's 
death being Her Majesty's, as since the aforesaid office found 
appeareth. He also did put neither the governor of Connaught nor 
the escheator there in that Commission, and commanded the 
governor of Connaught upon the finding of the first office to deliver 
possession of Sir Donnell O'Connor's lands to the said supposed heir, 
who now possesseth the same. 

Notwithstanding Her Majesty's special instructions to him not to 
deal in any weighty cause touching her or her subjects of Ireland 
without the assent of the greater part of the Privy Council there, 
yet he hath followed his own absolute authority according to the 
general words of his patent. 

He hath nominated without the Council's privity and contrary 
to the statutes and usage in this behalf all justices of the peace 
and such as be insufficient and ill devoted. He hath also appointed 
justices of assize in circuits to their own countries. He hath also 
named sheriffs not chosen according to statute, insufficient to answer 
their collections for Her Majesty, continuing them two or three years 


1588 VOL. CXXXIX. 

in their shrievalty who have been 'complained of for deliveries of 
prisoners in execution for debt to the great wrong of the creditors. 

? 1588. 45. Note of money spent during a service in Ireland, p. 1. 

46. Remembrances delivered to Her Majesty by Mr. Solicitor of 
Ireland, Roger Wilbraham. Copy. p. 1. 

?1588. 47. Warrant from Queen Elizabeth to the] Lord Deputy to pass 
to Oliver "Stephenson and his heirs and assigns the fee farm of the 
manor of Donmoylline, county Limerick, sometime in the possession 
of Ulick de Wafie, commonly called Le Faltaghe, of Donmoylline. 
Draft, pp. 2. 

? 1588. 48. Note declaring the service which Oliver Stephenson has done 
in the wars in Munster, for which he prays to be considered, pp. 2. 

?1588. 49. Warrant from Queen Elizabeth to the Lord Deputy for a 
grant or surrender to be made to Teig M'Durmody M'Carthy, of 
Cork, gent, of his lands at Downmoenwy and Gleanochrum, Finnin 
M'Cormock's claim to the same to be first duly examined. Draft, 

? 1588. 50. Petition of John Clyff, servant to Sir Edw. Waterhous, to 
Burghley for some favourable despatch of his master's suit. p. 1. 

51. Note of the patents already past of parcel of Her Majesty's 
attainted lands in Munster, and the reservations thereupon to Her 
Highness. Indorsed by Burghley : " By Mr. Wilbraham, Sollicitor 
in Ireland." The names of the patentees are as follow : KERRY, Sir 
Edward Denny, Sir Valentine Browne, Conalough, Mr. Billingsley, 
Mr. William Trencherde. LIMERICK, Sir George Bowrchier, Mr. 
George Thornton, Mr. Edmund Mainwaring. LIMERICK AND TIP- 
PERARY, Sir Edward Fyton. WATERFORD, Mr. Thomas Fleetwood 
and Mr. Redmayne. CORK, Mr. Vane Beacher, Mr. Hugh Worth, 
Sir Thomas Norreys, Mr. Arthur Robyns. WATERFORD AND CORK, 
Sir Walter Rawley. The sum of all the reservations is 1,544. 10. 
and 195 beeves. At the head of this note are the following words 
by Burghley : " These rents shall be paid at the Annunciation, 
1592." On the dorso occurs the name of Earl of Ormond, and, in 
Burghley's hand, the Lord Chancellor, Sir Christopher Hatton, Sir 
William Herbert, Denzil Hollis's master, that is, Sir John Popham, 
and his two sons, John and George, Mr. Roger Warre, son-in-law to 
Sir J. Popham, Mr. Edward Rogers, son-in-law to Sir John Popham, 
Hugh Cuff, Arthur Hyde, Alexander Fitton, Richard Fitton, Henry 
Oughtred, Sir Valentine Browne for his sons, Sir William Courtney 
Mr. William Trenchard, Sir Edward Ungton, and Roger Kett. p. 1. 

52. Similar note of patents, not used by Burghley. p. 1. 
1588. 53. The names of the western Undertakers, pp. 2. 

54. Modern copy of the above, pp. 2. 


1588 VOL. CXXXIX. 

1588. 55. Collection of Her Majesty's titles to the lands in Munster. 

Modern copy, probably duplicate of some oilier paper in this year, 
pp. 2*. 

About 1588. 56. Note of clauses contained in the patent of the Deputy of 
Ireland, pp. 2. 

57. Modern copy of the above, pp. 2. 

? 1588. 58. Brief declaration of the compositions in Connaught, whereby 
Her Majesty has freed the country from cess in consideration of 10s. 
on every ploughland. pp. 2. 

1588. 59. Modern copy of the above, pp. 2. 

?1588. 60. Petition of Patrick Grant to the Privy Council for Her 
Majesty's letters to the Lord Deputy for him to have the office of 
gentleman porter in Munster with one horseman's pay. p. 1. 

[1588.] 61. Note of the Viscount Barry more's manors in the county of 
Cork. [By Sir Warhame Sentleger.] p. 1. 

[1588.] 62. Petition of Nicholas Curteys to the Privy Council for allow- 
ance for his charges in attending as clerk to the Lord Chief Justice 
of Common Pleas, Sir Edmond Anderson, and the Commissioners, 
and, with the assistance of four clerks, taking copies of petitions. 
p. I. 

About 1588. 63. Petition of Sir Owen M'Carthy to the Privy Council to write 
to the Lord Deputy of Ireland that he cause such rebels now par- 
doned as committed spoils on his tenants to make satisfaction for 
the same. p. 1. 

? 1588. 64. The request of (probably Arthur Robyns) relative to concealed 
and mortgaged lands in Ireland, pp. 2. 

71588. 65. Petition of Henry Phillips to [Burghley] for payment of 
266?. 17s. Of d due to his master, Henry Duke, captain of kerne. 
p. I. 

About 1588. 66. Stephen Barran, of Dublin, to Burghley for payment of 
1,022?. 11s. 7d. st. to Sir G. Bourchier, N. Weston, John Ussher, 
Francis Taylor, and John Powell, p. 1. 

? 1588. 67. Estimate of the charge of salt and canvas bags to remain at 
Dublin, Cork, Galway, and Carrickfergus, the four magazines for 
victualling the forces, p. 1. 

About 1588. 68. Mr. B[everley ?]'s opinion of a certain book touching a pro- 
portion to victual soldiers by land. p. 1. 

About 1588. 69. Complaint of David O'Dowde to the Lord Deputy and Council. 
Two hundred cows and some garans taken from his town of Rosly 
by Captain Reynolds' soldiers. Order to be taken that his people 
may stand assured of their lives and goods, pp. 2. 

? 1588. 70. Note of parcels of land in Tipperary which the Undertakers 
subscribed consent to have added to Henry Slingesby's grant, p. 1. 



158g VOL. CXXXIX. 

? 1588. 71. Note of persons attainted within the counties of Tipperary 
and Cross, taken out of the books of inquiry, whose lands are 
allotted, as appeareth by a particular unto Henry Slingsby. pp. 3. 

[1588.] 72. Petition of John Hiallihie, of Donnaghemore, in the county of 
Cork, to the Privy Council ; for the pardoning of poor and ignorant 
offenders in the late rebellion of the traitor Desmond upon certificate 
of their names being made by Sir Thomas Norreys, Vice-President of 
Munster, to the Lord Deputy and Council, p. 1. 

73. Paper addressed to Burghley on the evils of the revived 
Irish captainships in Connaught. pp. 3. 

? 1588. 74. Caution by Captain Merbury addressed to Lord [Burghley] 
against granting too ample power to the Earl of Thomond and other 
Irishmen. Connaught lately reduced to civility, and a renewal of 
the Irish monocracies, a marvellous sweet point unto a few, would 
mar the whole. [Imperfect] p. \. 



Jan. 1. 1. Lord Deputy Sir W. Fytzwilliam, to Burghley. The new charge 
Dublin Castle, for the horse and foot allowed to the Undertakers. Tirone and Sir 
Turlough Lynagh O'Neill. A general thanksgiving throughout the 
land for the delivery of Her Majesty, her people, and kingdoms from 
the Spanish attempt. The Spanish prisoners he has bestowed on bis 
son, John Fitzwilliam. His half yearly imprest. The Dean of St. 
Patricks, pp. 2. Incloses, 

1. 1. Lord Deputy, with others, to the Privy Council. 
Dec. SI. [Calendared above, p. 92, No. 25.] Copy. pp.5. 


1. IL Examination of James Machary. Dec. 29. Calendared 
above, p. 98, No. 25. 1. p. 1. 

1. in. Declaration of G. Thornton that Don Alonso de Leva 
perished near Dunluce. Calendared above, p. 99, No. 25. in. p. . 

1. iv. Nicholas White to his father Mr. John White of Dublin, 
merchant. Thomas Rename reports that 500 Spaniards were 
conveyed into Scotland and well received. Tlie King of Scots hath 
caused shipping to be prepared towards tlie conveying of them into 
Spain. His cousin, Wittiam Usscher. Strangford. Nov. 26 Copy, 
p. I. 

[Jan. 1.] 2. Names of such of Her Majesty's Councillors, Horsemen, Footmen, 
Pensioners and Leaders of kerne as attended upon the Lord Deputy 
in the Northern journey. 4 Nov. to 23 Dec. 1588. Autog. of the 
Deputy, and Seal with device, pp. 2. 


1588-9. VoL - CXL - 

Jan. 1. 3. Articles drawn up relative to the due reform of the Exchequer 
in Ireland, together with the answer of Thomas Fanshawe and 
Peter Osborne, Remembrancers of the Exchequer in England, to 
the said articles which were sent unto us under the hand of 
Mr. Secretary Walsyngham, to be considered and answered for the 
satisfaction of the Lords of Privy Council. 

Including the form of the summons which is made upon all 
manner of the issues in the Exchequer, amerciaments, fines in the 
Exchequer, fines in the King's Bench, issues in Banco Reginae, 
fines and amerciaments by justices of Assize, fines before the Clerk 
of the Market, fines and amerciaments before Justices of Peace, 
amerciaments and pains forfeited at the assessions of Commissioners 
of Sewers within the level of the low grounds between Mendip Hill, 
Wedmore Hill, Allerton Hill, and Marke Hill, unto Rokesmill and 
so to Exwater within the county of Somerset; and fines and 
amerciaments imposed in itinere forestae de Windsor: under the 
hands of the aforesid Thomas Fanshawe and Peter Osborne. Also 
the forms of the Rolls of Estreats. To which are added the forms 
of the oaths for sheriffs and orders for sheriffs, the authority of 
the treasurer of the Exchequer, the authority &c. of the Chancellor, 
Barons and Remembrancers, the Chief Engrossers, Secondaries, and 
others. Together with certain ordinances made by Sir Henry 
Sydney on the 10th of June 1570 to be observed in the Court of 
Exchequer in Ireland. [With this is bound up a leaf of certain 
forms of a subsequent date. The whole at one time formed part 
of a manuscript collection preserved by Dr. Meredith Hamner. 
Of the several dates of various documents in this collection, the 
date of 1588-9, Jan. 1, was chosen because about that time great 
efforts were being made to improve and reform the Exchequer in 
Ireland, and these papers all have reference to that attempt, pp. 34. 

Jan. 5. 4. Lord Deputy Fytzwylliam to Secretary Walsyngham. Sends 
Dublin Castle, over Don Lewys de Cordua and his nephew, Don Alonso di Lusan 
and Don Roderigo di Lasso, with other prisoners. Desires instruc- 
tions, p. 1. 

Jan. 6. 5. Lord Deputy and Council to the Privy Council. Have set at 
Dublin Castle, liberty Edmond iFitz Gibbon and Donogh M'Cormock M'Carthy, 
upon their bonds. [Autogs.] p. 1. 

Jan. 6. Copy. [Entry Book, Ireland, Folios, Vol. XII, p. 219.] p. 1. 

Jan. 6. 6. Lord Deputy Fytzwylliam to Walsyngham. Certifies the 
Dublin Castle, exact terms of the pardons formerly granted by Sir John Perrot 
to John FitzEdmond FitzGerald, alias the Seneschal of Imokilly, 
and Philip O'Reilly. [Autog.] pp. 2. 

Jan. 6. 7. Nich. Browne to Secretary Walsyngham. Prays to be restored 
Dublin. to the allowance of 12 horsemen, or in lieu thereof to the pay of 20 

footmen, or else to be made Sheriff" of Desmond and Kerry for 4 or 

5 years. [Autog.] p. I. 



Jan. 7. 8. Jenkyn Conway to Sir Edwd. Denny. Sir William Herbert 
Denyvaie. oppresses him. The Lady Denny and the young gentlemen are 
merry. [Holog.] p. 1. 

Jan. 8. 9. Sir Henry Wallop to Burghley. Issue of money. Want of 
money. The revenue cometh in more slowly now than it hath at 
any time since I have had charge ; and most of those who should pay 
the same allege and say they cannot get money for corn or cattle, 
which be the only things they have to make money of. The land 
itself hath no commodity that draweth in money from foreign parts. 
There is no wine either Spanish or French come into this land. The 
horsemen allowed to the Undertakers in Munster are discharged. 
Wallop intreats that his band may not be taken from him. The 
great advantages of his building at Enniscorthy. [Autog.~\ pp. 3. 

Jan. 9. 10. Sir Edward Denny's declaration of the circumstances of the 
treaty between him and Sir Richard Byngham for the government 
of Connaught. pp. 2. 

Jan. 9. 11. Sir William Herbert to Burghley. Commends the suits of 
The Castle of the bearer [N. Kennam] the Bishop of [Ardfert]. His hope to 
the island. ma ^ e Kerry and Desmond a little England after the example of 
Pembrokeshire in times past. [Holog.] p. 1. Incloses, 

11. I. Sir William Herbert to Sir V. Browne. Answers 14 
objections brought against him,. His disapproval of the marriage 
between Florence M'Carthy and Clancar's daughter. His abhor- 
rence of being Italianated. Receipt of the rents of Corkydwi/ny. 
The reparations of Currins. Sends Her Majesty's speech to him, at 
his leave taking extracted from, the first book of his Commentaries 
of Munster. The Limerick goods cast away at Cloghane. Brmvne's 
son too foolish to be ruled by Sir V. Browne's ^uisdom. The six 
objections by Sir Edward Denny. Castle of the Island. 1588-9, 
Jan. 1. pp. 4. 

Jan. 9. 12. Sir William Herbert to Walsyngham. Commends the bearer 

The Castle of [N. Kennam], the Bishop of [Ardfert]. [Autog.] p. 1. Incloses, 
the Island. 

12. I. Sir William Herbert to Sir Valentine Browne. 1588-9, 
Jan. 1. Castle of the Island. Calendared above, No. 11. 1. pp. 4. 

Jan. 9. 13. Petre's note of the money paid to Jaques Wingfield, Master 
of the Ordnance in Ireland, and how his receipts and provisions 
may be known, p. 1. 

Jan. 10. 14. Sir Warham Sentleger to Queen Elizabeth. Governs Munster 
C rk - in the absence of Mr. Vice-president. Quiet. The seneschal of 
Imokyllie, Patrick Fitzmorris, and Patrick Condon be three very 
wicked men. The White Knight and Donnogh M'Cormack little 
better than they. Certain other Lords to be sent to England. Sir 
Richard Grenvyle the bearer. Her Majesty abused by those who 
be Undertakers in word and not in action. The need of a present 
decision in the controversy with the freeholders, pp. 2. 


1588-9. VOL ' CXL ' 

Jan. 9. 15. Michael Gaffney to David Busher his cousin, not to offend 
Paris. his wife. Has no strange news to write but such as may not be 
written, p. 1. 

Jan. 10. 16. Remembrances by Sir Richard Grenville for Her Majesty for 
the service in Munster. A muster of the Englishmen brought over 
by the Undertakers to be appointed every year. p. 1. 

Jan. 11. 17. Lord Deputy Fytzwylliam to Burghley. He has sent a 
Dublin Castle, pinnace to see the Spanish ship lying off the isles of Mula. It is 
said that a Frenchman who was condemned had lighted the gun- 
powder on board the said ship and blown it up. [Autog.] p. 1. 

17. I. Imprests to the Lord Deputy and Captains in the late 
northern journey. 1588-9. Jan. 11. pp. 6. 

17. IT. Certificate of the issue of 4,000. sent over and paid in 
Oct. 1588. pp. 8. 

17. in. Charges of men serving in Her Majesty's gallion tJte 
Popinjay, in the Francis of Bristol, and the Daniel of London, 
from 21 Oct. to 31 Dec. 1588. p. 1. 

17. IV. Declaration by George Beverley of the victual sent for 
Her Majesty's forces by sea and land, which went into the north 
for the removing of several companies of Spaniards lately landed 

Jan. 11. 18. Lord Deputy to Secretary Walsyngham. The Spanish ship 
Dublin Castle, destroyed by a Frenchman accused of embezzling treasure and jewels. 
O'Reilly has been prisoner 3 years and 2 months, p. 1. Incloses, 

18. i. Notes taken by Mr. Chief Justice Gardener out of the 
pardons granted to Philip O'Reilly and John FitzEdmund Fitz- 
Gerald, alias the seneschcd of ImoJcilly ; with the days of the several 
dates of their pardons in the margin, viz., O'Reilly's 24 Nov. 1584, 
and the seneschal's 14 May 1585. [Note. This inclosure was meant 
to supersede a similar one sent to Walsyngham on the 6th of Jan.~\ 

Jan. 13. 19. Lord Deputy to the Privy Council. The hazard of leaving 
Dublin Castle. Ireland an easy prey to a Spanish invasion. The soldiers who have 
been appointed to come have been delayed 9 weeks for wind. 
Service which might be done by Her Majesty's ships. A pinnace 
of late observed taking view of the coast from the Shannon to the 
north. Desires that the Earl of Ormond may be sent over. Stay 
of Sir Richard Bingham for his experience, direction, and courage. 
[Autog.] pp. 3. Incloses, 

19. i. P. Council to the Vice-president of Munster. 1588. Dec. 21. 
Calendared above, p. 89, No. 13. 

19. IL Sir Thomas Norreys Vice-president of Munster to the 
Lord Deputy. The tetters he has received from, the Privy Council. 


1588-9. . 

The fort at Duncannon is not to be relied on. 1588-9. Jan. 12. 
Mounster Evan. Extract, p. 1. 

19. in. Sir G. Carewe to the Lord Deputy. That Duncannon 
may be supplied with ordnance out of England or else from Water- 
ford. 158.8-9. Jan. 16. Copy. p. 1. Incloses, 

19. iv. Note of the ordnance of brass and iron in Dublin, Lime- 
rick, and Cork. 1588-9. Jan. 15. p. 1. 

Jan. 13. 20. Commission given by Sir Richard Byngham, the Chief Com- 
Athlone. missioner of Connaught and Thomond, to John Browne, Esq., to 
take up certain companies and prosecute the Burks of Mayo, and 
to prey and burn all their maintainers. Copy. p. 1. 

Jan. 14. 21. Lord Deputy to Burghley. Sir Thomas Norreys's jealousy 

Dublin Castle, against Ensign Edward Waineman, servant to the Lord Chancellor 

Hatton, whom he suspects of treasonable practises with Sir W. 

Stanley, Florence McCarthy, and the Seneschal of Imokilly. 

p. 1. Incloses, 

21. i. Lord Deputy to the Privy Council. 1588-9, Jan. 13. Copy, 
p. 3. Calendared above, No. 19. 

21. ii. Privy Council to the Vice-president of Munster. 1588, 
Dec. 21, The Court. Copy. p. 1. Calendared above, p. 89, No. 13. 

21. in. Sir Thomas Norreys to tlve Lord Deputy. His endeavours 
to prepare against an invasion by Stanley. Uselessness of Dun- 
cannon. Ensign Edward Waineman was with Captain Jacques, 
and is a devoted follmver of Stanley. 1588-9, Jan. 12, Mounster 
Evan. Copy. p. 1. 

21. iv. Sir 0. Carew, the Master of tJte Ordnance, to tJte Lord 
Deputy. Ordnance in Ireland. 1588-9, Jan. 16. Copy. p. 1 

21. v. Note of Ordnance of brass and iron. p. 1. 

Jan. 16. 22. Lord Deputy to Burghley. Death of Mr. Long, late primate 

Dublin Castle. o f Armagh. Prays that Dr. Soame, of Cambridge, or Mr. Anderson, 

may be preferred to that Archbishoprick, which is worth 200?. 

None of the Irish Judges or learned did communicate at the general 

thanksgiving for the deliverance from the Spanish Invasion, p. 1. 

Jan. 20. 23. John Garvey Bishop of Kilmore to Burghley to be translated 
Christ's Church,to the Archbishopric of Armagh, to which he had been nominated 
n> by Her Majesty on a former occasion. [Autog.] p. 1. 

Jan. 20. 24. John Bishop of Kilmore to Walsyngham. His 30 years' 
Christ's Church, daily service; done to Her Majesty amongst the Irish borderers. 
DubUn - [Autog.] p.l. 

Jan. 20. 25. Sir Warham Sentleger to Walsyngham. Sir Richard 
Cork. Grenevyle departs hence to the Court. Prays Walsyngham to use 
his fish and deer in England. [Autog.] p. 1. 


1588-9. VOL.CXL. 

Jan. 20. 26. The information of John Sherif, touching the abuses in the 
Office of the Ordnance of Ireland, pp. 14. 

[Jan. 20.] 27. Petition of John Shereff, late clerk of the Ordnance in 
Munster, to ^Lord Burghley, for payment of 804?. 18s. ll^cZ. He 
hath been a suitor these four years, p. 1. 

[Jan. 20.] 28. Another of the above, p. 1. 

[Jan. 20.] 29. Petition of John Sherif e to the Privy Council, relative to the 
accounts of Jaques Wyngfeld, Esq., and the reformation of abuses 
in the Office of Ordnance, pp. 2. 

[Jan. 20.] 30. Petition of John Sheryffe, late clerk of the Ordnance of 

Munster, to the Lord , that Capt. John Vaughan and 

Capt. Anthony Dealing may be examined whether he had any 
cause to acquaint the citizens of Limerick with the causes he had 
in charge for Her Majesty's service, p. 1. 

Jan. [21.] 31. Instructions sent from the Privy Council to the Lord Deputy 
by Her Majesty's solicitor of Ireland. That the livings of servitors 
be in no wise passed in reversion to strangers. Composition beeves 
in Ulster and other savage countries to be assigned to the captains 
and to the Earl of Tirone. Two perfect ledger books to be made 
of the revenue. To induce the Irishry, especially the O'Birns, 
O'Tools, and Cavannaghs, to surrender their lands and take them 
again of Her Majesty. To collect arrearages. Passing of accounts 
in open court. The deceit in the Office of Ordnance revealed by 
John Sheriff to be investigated. Minute, pp. 7. 

Copy of the above. [Entry Book, Ireland, Folios, Vol. XII., 
p. 211.] pp. 5. 

Jan. [21]. 32. Abstract of the above, pp. 2. 

Jan. [21.] 33. Memorial of things resolved on, touching the Province of 
Munster by the Privy Council, to be put in execution by order of 
the Lord Deputy in Ireland. A composition to be made there in 
lieu of cess. To enquire what has been answered to the Earl of 
Desmond and others on chargeable lands. Seigneuries reduced 
from 4,000 to 1,000 acres in certain cases. The Seneschal of 
Imokilly to enjoy the profit of his lands. Advantage to be taken 
of any defect in the lease of the White Knight. Attainted lands 
in Tipperary to be granted to the Earl of Ormond. The 120 horse- 
men allowed to the Undertakers to be discharged. Minute, pp. 7. 

Jan. [21.] Copy of above. [Entry Book, Ireland, Folios, VoL XII., p. 215.] 
pp. 4. 

Jan. [21.] 34. Copy of above, pp.4. 

Jan. 21. 35. Sir R. Bingham to Walsyngham. In behalf of old Mr. Garvey 
Dublin. the Bishop of Kilmore to be preferred to the Archbishoprick of 
Armagh. [Awtog.] p. 1. 

Jan. 21. 36. Sir Thomas Norreys to Burghley. Need of ordnance to 
Cork. withstand Sir William Stanley. Sir R. Grenvile not to have Carrick- 



aroghan. Disorders of the Undertakers, some having taken men's 
goods upon pretended challenges, refusing to deliver them upon 
sureties, others have entered into castles and lands where there is 
not either office or any matter of record to entitle Her Majesty to 
them, and suppose themselves absolutely freed from all government. 
[Autog.] pp. 3. 

Jan. 22. 37. Sir Thomas Norreys, the Vice-President of Munster, to the 
Shandon Castle. Privy Council. Your Lordships' letters dated at Greenwich the 21st 
of last December, I received on the 12th of January as I was on 
my way from Dublin into Munster. Your letters import some 
doubt of the arrival of Sir William Stanley in Munster, who, as 
your Lordships were informed, was with his own regiment, and some 
other forces ready to embark at Dunkirk, for some secret attempt 
intended against these parts, for the withstanding of whom I will 
apply myself with the small forces which Her Majesty has in this 
province. And, where your Lordships seem to conceive some special 
doubt of the fort of Duncannon, upon the river of Waterford, as a 
place dangerous both for harbouring of a great number of ships, 
and also for offending of other parts adjoining, which place was last 
year begun by Sir John Perrot to be fortified, and yet not finished, 
I have endeavoured to carry out your directions ; but inasmuch as 
I have not sufficient means and as the place is outside the precinct 
of the province of Munster, now under my charge, I have made 
known your Lordships' pleasure to the Lord Deputy. And as for 
the aids of the country here which your Lordships wish to be put 
in a readiness, although hitherto I have forborne to impart any 
intelligence or doubt of foreign invasion unto them, knowing how 
prone and ready they ever be to entertain their vain hopes of 
popish succour, yet now I will frame some other 'colourable occasion 
whereby to draw such of the noblemen and better sort of gentlemen, 
whom I think best affected towards Her Majesty, to be at all times 
in a reasonable readiness to rise out to meet any such accident of 
foreign arrival if it shall happen. As the province now is, Sir 
William Stanley, with such small forces as he is able to bring with 
him, shall find so weak a party here to join with him, as that he 
shall not be able to compass anything which may breed any sudden 
hazard. A further supply of ammunition is wanted. In former 
letters your Lordships often signified that for the better support of the 
Presidency here, some escheated lands should be united to the place, 
and thereupon Carrighroghan with some other small things was 
appointed for that purpose. I think it right to remind your 
Lordships of this, knowing how difficult it is here for maintenance 
of " stable needments " and other household provisions, for which it 
is very hard here otherwise to make purveyance, and whereof here 
is most need, but Carrighroghan is now claimed by Sir Richard 
Grenvill as a part of Kirrywhirrhy. To avoid such difficulties it 
would be well to set down some such establishment of that place 
and of the rest, unto this government, as might take away all 
doubts and demands. 
Upon my return out of the late northern journey I found this 




Jan. 22. 

Jan. 22. 
Jan. 26. 

Jan. 27. 


Jan. 27. 


Jan. 28. 
Dublin Castle. 

Jan. 28. 
Dublin Castle. 

Jan. 28. 

Jan. 28. 
Dublin Castle. 


province in reasonable good conditions of peace and tranquillity, 
but some of the Undertakers have been very disorderly of late, thrust 
themselves into other men's lands, and taken castles, the which were 
not formerly escheated nor found by office to Her Majesty, through 
whose disordered doings the country people conceive great discontent- 
ment as they have cause. When I seek to redress these things I doubt 
not but I shall be reported to your Lordship as a hinderer of that 
action, which otherwise I further and favour. It might be well if 
your Lordships let the said Undertakers know that it would be 
better for them to fashion themselves to live within compass of 
law, and to measure their actions by the rule thereof as in England 
they have been accustomed. [Autog.] pp. 3. 

38. Mr. Vice-president Sir Thomas Norreys to Walsyngham. He 
has made the necessary preparations against Sir Wm. Stanley's 
threatened invasion. To forward the annexation of Carrickaroghane 
to the Presidency of Munster. [ Autog.] pp. 2. 

Extract of the above. [Entry Book, Ireland, p. 220.] p. . 

39. John Dungan to Walsyngham. Excuseth himself for passing 
Timocho parsonage, in Nangle's book ; knew not that it was stayed 
for Pypho. His malice towards Mr. Pypho but not towards his son. 
Extract, p. 1. [N.B. There are other extracts on the same paper, 
but the letters from which they are taken are calendared at their 

40. Archbishop of Dublin to Walsyngham. Commends Mr. 
Edgeworth to be preferred to Armagh, vacant by the death of Dr. 
John Long. Mr. Edgeworth was commended to the writer by the 
Archbishop of Canterbury and the Earl of Leicester. Since his 
coming into Ireland he has conducted himself discreetly. The thing 
is worth little more than six score pounds yearly. [Seal with arms.] 
p. I. 

41. Sir Warham Sentleger to Burghley by Sir Richard Grenvile. 
The means of preventing foreign invasion. [Autog.] p. 1. 

42. Lord Deputy to the Lord Treasurer. The Castle of Bally- 
moate and the Abbey of Boyle to be continued in the Queen's 
possession, and not converted to the private use of Sir Richard 
Bingham or Sir George his brother. William Hurly has slipt into 
France. Allen Martin. [Autog.] p. 1. 

43. Lord Deputy Fytzwylliam to Walsyngham. The necessity 
of keeping the Castle of Bally mote and the Abbey of Boyle in Her 
Majesty's hands. [Autog.] p. 1. 

Copy. [Entry Book, Ireland, Folios, Vol. XII., p. 220.] p. 1. 

44. Lord Deputy Fytzwylliam to Walsyngham. Sends Florence 
M'Carthy by the bearer Chichester. The young lady after being 
taken from Florence M'Carthy was delivered by her father to the 
keeping of certain of his own servants. Protests there is no dislike 
in him towards Sir Henry Wallop or any councillor. Wm. Hurlye 
late in England following some causes of Florence McCarthy 




Jan. 28. 

Dublin Castle. 

Jan. 28. 


Jan. 29. 


Jan. 29. 



his master, has under colour of going into Ireland slipt into France. 
Allen Martin of Galway either is or last summer was with the 
Duke of Parma from the said Florence McCarthy. Autog. p. 1. 

45. Lord Deputy to Walsyngham. Excuses himself fully for 
Mr. Pipho's parcels having passed in Sir Patrick BarnwelTs book. 
Has made stay of Sir Patrick's remainder, viz., 501. 7s. Aut. pp. 2. 

46. Pa. Foxe to Walsyngham. In the latter end of Christmas 
holidays O'Donnell with a great army of people came to prey Tir- 
lough Lynagh O'Neil's country, and having taken the same; Tirlough 
Lynagh, O'Neil with the assistance of Capt. Merryman and some 
English soldiers followed him, and not only rescued the prey but 
also killed some of O'DonnelTs chief leaders and people. About 
the same time Turlough McFeagh, son of Feagh McHugh O'Byrne, 
killed one of the Tools, brother to him whom he formerly killed, 
both being nephews of Phelim O'Tool, a thing that may be borne 
withal, so as between both they hinder no other of Her Majesty's 
subjects for both these septs are from the beginning ill given, I 
mean the Tools and Byrns. There was also a murder committed 
within this week by Clancarrol, a sept adjoining to the Fews in 
the north, upon the Lord of Louth's trumpeter and one of the 
Chamberlaynes near to the Lord of Louth's house of Tallonstown. 
Likewise one Hubert Ferral, son of Fergus O'Ferral, one of them 
that withstands Mr. O'Ferral's patent now in England, hath been 
lately with Feagh McHugh O'Byrne and had of him a chief horse, 
and is with a great number of idle knaves ranging up and down 
the county of Longford, and meaneth to do some mischief to some 
of Her Majesty's subjects there. Other things touching the 
unsettled state of this realm I could tell your honour but that I 
fear my letters would be intercepted. Autograph, p. 1. 

47. Lord Deputy to Walsyngham. A number of Spanish letters 
came to my hands yesterday from an Englishman who took a 
Spanish ship. I found but two that had any news in them, which 
I send herewith. This time is dangerous for Ireland if any strong 
force of soldiers should arrive, but seeing it is no better furnished 
with soldiers and money, I pray that for Her Majesty's service the 
Earl of Ormond may be sent over. His power and credit are 
great here, and what such a person's presence may do among this 
sort of people is not little. For Sir Edward Waterhous, if a wise 
councillor may at any time do service ; this land had never more 
need of such than now. Her Majesty doth allow us all very good 
stipends, and I desire that any who are entertained here may now be 
here, to join together in Her Majesty's service and in defence of 
this country. My hand is bad but my sight is worse, whereby I 
know these lines are too many. If any forces land I mean to 
send away my wife and a little "gerrell," i.e. girl, presently. 
Holograph, p. 1. 

48. Sir Geffery Fenton to Walsyngham. That he had no hand in 
procuring for Sir Patk. Barnewall the parcels of tithes reserved for 
Sir Robt. Pipho, Walsyngham's kinsman. Aut. pp. 2. Incloses, 

P41. H 



Jan. 29. 


Jan. 29. 


Jan. 30. 



48. i. Sir Robt. Pypho to. Sir G. Fenton, touching his interest in the 
parcels passed to Sir Patrick BarnewalL Jan. 28. St. Mary's 
Abbey. Holograph. Seal with device, pp. 2. 

49. Sir Kobt. Pypho to Walsyngham. That Sir Patrick Barnewall 
and he were never at any composition for Sir Patrick to have his 
parcels. The Archbishop of Dublin favours Pypho. Aut. p. 1. 

50. Sir Robt. Pypho to Walsyngham. He is threatened with a 
great number of enemies on account of Sir Patrick Barnewall. p. 1. 

51. Lord Deputy and Council to the Privy Council. Your letter 
of Dec. 21, touching Sir Wm. Stanley the traitor, and the fortifying 
of Duncannon and other points, was received two days ago. As it 
is of great importance the Council all join in answering it. 

First, where your Lordships, thinking that Stanley being des- 
patched for Spain with his regiment and some others intendeth by 
the way to touch and land in some part of this realm, and for 
preventing of the worst would have me the Deputy to repair into 
Munster, with such forces as can conveniently be drawn from other 
parts, giving order also for the governor of Connaught, and to the well 
affected noblemen and gentlemen of the Pale, to be ready to march 
towards Munster upon any invasion so to be attempted. And where 
.also your Lordships, in case of necessity, think it meet that the 500 
soldiers sometimes found by Sir Turlough Lynough O'Neill and 
other principal persons in Ulster should be put in pay as men for 
their training far more apt to be employed than any that can be sent 
from thence. Touching Stanley's intention we make no doubt thereof, 
knowing his character and the interest and credit he has with 
many unsound and hollow hearted persons, both in that province 
and other parts of the realm, who hearken after change and are 
preparing for it. Moreover he knows as well as ourselves how weak 
we are in forces and other means to make resistance. Stanley will 
have the help of men like Feagh M'Hugh O'Byrne, O'Rourke, 
Sorley Boy M'Donnell, with many others. 

And as for the Ulster soldiers, they were bands procured by the 
Chieftains of Ulster for their own service, some for a quarter of a year, 
and some for more or less time, and at their own pay ; gathered 
here and there, as they could get them, and afterwards by themselves 
discharged and cast off for their enormities and disorders. They 
remain still dispersed and scattered, all save 50 or 60 left with 
M'Mahon under the leading of Captain Willis, whom nevertheless 
the said M'Mahon hath now by force driven into the Abbey of 
Monaghan, and there holdeth them, at this present besieged together 
with their captain, being dangerously hurt; and at the same 
time sendeth hither to Dublin bitter complaints of their extortions 
and other insolencies, desiring that he and his country may be rid 
of them. And for the rest being men of bad condition, even the 
scum and worst sort of people, such as are not worthy the credit 
of Her Majesty's pay, they are not to be found, but as may be 
presumed they lie hidden, awaiting some fit opportunity to join with 
strangers against Her Majesty, as I the Deputy, and such of the 


1588-9 Vor " CXL> 

Council as attended in the late journey to the north, well perceived,for 
when, upon Sir Turlough Lynnogh O'Neill's suit, license was given 
to Captain Merriman and Captain Mostyn to form two bands of 
footmen for O'Neill's service for the defence of his country, and at 
his pay for a quarter of a year, they cannot by all the means in 
their power fill up their number. As to drawing forces from 
Cpnnaught and the well affected subjects of the Pale, Sir Richard 
Bingham stating that Stanley might, land in some part of his 
government, where it was not unlikely he (Stanley) might find 
a party, both of the Bowrkes of Ewghter Connaught and others 
that were out and some others that stood upon loose terms, 
desired that a couple of bands might be sent to him besides the 
ordinary garrison, so that however things go in Munster, Connaught 
cannot give any help. Sir Richard will make Galway ready for 
defence : and we have given similar directions respecting Limerick 
and other towns in Munster. Men and money should be sent to 
Ireland without delay. Duncannon is a neck of land that serves 
to stop pirates from passing up the river towards Waterford, 
but it cannot prevent the landing of troops either behind it on 
the side of Wexford, or over against it on the side of Waterford. 
It is useless to do any more to the place : no matter how well 
it is fortified, it can easily be taken by an enemy landing 
with force, as it is commanded by a bill lying over it from 
which the enemy may, at his pleasure, throw stones into it. It 
would be wiser to destroy what has already been done to the place, 
than to do any more to it. And as to bringing ordnance to it from 
Limerick, it could be brought in less time from England, besides 
there are no planks at Cork or elsewhere in this realm to mount any 
ordnance. Only four pieces, two brass and two iron, have been 
recovered from the Spanish wrecks, and they cannot be transported 
from Sligo and Galway in any reasonable time. An endeavour will 
be made to borrow money from the corporate towns and to get in 
her Majesty's rents and other sums due to her, whereby some 
preparation may be made for fortification. The Lord Deputy 
will repair to Munster as soon as he has made arrangements for 
settling the north. The agreement lately made with two of the 
principal competitors in Clandeboy, Shane M'Bryan and Neale oge 
has been forwarded to their Lordships. The agreement was as well 
for compounding their private controversies and settling the country 
as to take order for 600 rent-beeves, formerly supposed to be set 
upon them for Her Majesty yearly, which we cannot find in any 
sort to be so, nor any conclusion made with them at all to that end. 
M'Quilly for his portion of the Route is in the same predicament. 
It has been said that a yearly rent of 50 beeves was imposed on 
him for Her Majesty, but now we find no such matter but rather a 
surmise as was the other of Clandeboy. 

We have already given advice to the Vice-President of Munster 
touching Stanley and his intentions, and are now about to give 
warning to the men of the Pale to be ready to draw towards 
Munster, if need be. The men of the Pale arc utterly unprepared 

H 2 




Jan. 30. 


Jan. 30. 


for armour and weapon, as appeared last summer in all the heat 
of the approach of the Spanish fleet. It should be remembered 
that when the garrison and the noblemen and gentlemen of the Pale 
are drawn away, all the bad neighbours who border upon it are not 
unlikely to make havoc on Her Majesty's good subjects. Autographs. 
Seal with device, pp. 5. Inclose, 

51.1. Note of the forces of the garrison : horse 41 0, foot 750. pp. 
3. Jan. 24. 

51. ii. Order taken between SJiane M'Brien M'Felim O'Neill, and 
Neale M'Hue, son to Hue M'Felim, concerning the controversy 
for apportioning the country of the Lower Clandeboy. Shane 
M'Brien M'Felim, and Neale M'Hue son to Hue M'Felim, came 
before the Council at Dublin Castle to settle their disputes and the 
division of Lower Clandeboy. Whereupon the following order was 
made : that Shane M'Brien on account of his captainry and of tlie 
good opinion entertained of him, should have the castle of Belfast 
with three parts of Lower Clandeboy and three parts of the followers, 
Kilultagh excepted. And that Neale M'Hue should have the castle 
of Edenduffcart'ick with one fourth part of the country and a fourth 
of the followers. Also that Shane should put in pledges for keeping 
the peace and paying the composition beeves or rent which may be 
imposed* on him,. And inasmuch as Neale M'Hue could not find 
sufficient pledges for the delivery of the castle of Edenduffcarrick 
into Her Majesty's hands, when he shall be required thereunto, and 
for keeping the peace and paying his part of Her Majesty's rents 
and composition, it was ordered tfiat he should be committed to 
Dublin Castle until he could find the said pledges; and in the 
meantime that the said Neale's ward should Iiave the keeping of 
the castle of Edenduffcarrick for the behoof of the said Neale, and 
that the said Shane M'Brien should Iiave the use and occupation 
of the said Neale's fourth part of the country during the imprison- 
ment of the said Neale, the said Shane payi/ng for the whole country 
six score fat and large beeves in Sept. 1590, and thenceforth yearly 
such rent as may be fixed by the Lord Deputy and Council. And 
the said Shane is also to pay to the said Neale during his imprison- 
ment 2s. 6d. per day for food and clothing. Copy. pp.3. Jan. 21. 
Dublin Castle. 

52. Lord Deputy and Council to the Privy Council Copy 
for Burghley with this note. "It may please your Lordship, I 
cannot obtain Sir Lucas Dillon's hand nor Sir Nic. White's to any 
letter wherein Sir John Perrot is mentioned not to their liking." 
pp. 4. 

53. Sir P. Barnewall to Walsyngham. Has never been so 
grieved by anything as by a letter which he lately received from 
his honour. Was not aware Mr. Pipho was his honor's kinsman or 
that the parcels of thithes were intended for Mr. Pipho, or he would 
never have taken a grant of them. Neither was there any caveat 
entered on Mr. Pipho's behalf against the passing of them. The 
writer compromised with Mr. Pipho, who seemed content enough 




Jan. 31. 


Jan. 31. 
Jan. 31. 

Jan. 31. 
[Jan. .] 


with a free gift of one parcel of the tithes, the other two parcels 
the writer sold to a merchant to discharge a debt. Would 
hazard his life to retain Walsingham's favor. Will be very happy 
to allot to Mr. Pipho any reasonable part of those things included 
in the writer's warrant but which have not yet passed to the 
writer, pp. 2. 

54, 55. Privy Council to the Lord Deputy. Approve of his 
journey into the north. Like well that he suppressed their letter 
to Tyrone. Can send no more money as yet. The Spanish 
ordnance to be recovered. The names of the Spanish prisoners to 
be sent over. Two minutes, p. 1. 

Copy. [Entry Book, Ireland, Fol. Vol. XII., p. 221.] p. 1. 

56. The Lord Chief Justice Ro. Gardener to Walsyngham. The 
inquiry touching the Castle of Sligo, the pretended lands of Donnell 
O'Conor, was conducted in the most impartial manner. The writer 
and Sir R. Bingham were five days about the matter. The jurors 
were freeholders of the county, men of good substance. All of 
O'Conor 's challenges of jurors were allowed. The jurors were pro- 
tected from being tampered with, and Sir R. Bingham did not use 
a harsh word to O'Conor or any witness or juror. Autog. p. 1. 

Copy. [Entry Book, Ireland, Fol. Vol. XII., p. 222.] p. 1. 

57. Privy Council to the Lord Deputy. To take order for the 
effectual collecting of the composition money in lieu of cess, and 
the victualling of the garrison. Minute drawn by the Solicitor of 
Ireland, pp. 5. 

[Jan. .] Copy. [Entry Book, Ireland, Fol. Vol. XII., p. 209.] pp. 2. 

[Jan.] 58. Reckoning of Sir Edw. Phyton, Knt. John Popham, and 

Edward Rogers, Esquires, for the wages of 55 horsemen, p. 1. 

[Jan.] 59. Note of Her Majesty's forces in Ireland over and besides the 

wards. [This was intended to be sent as an inclosure to the P. 
Council.] pp. 2. 

[Jan.] 60. Note of Her Majesty's forces in Ireland. [Inclosure to 
Burghley.] pp. 2. 

[Jan.] 61. Reservations to be remembered in dividing North Clandeboy 

between Shane M'Brian O'Neill and Neale Oge McHughe O'Neill. 
The castle of Belfast should on account of its position lie reserved 
for Her Majesty. As all travellers that way are at the mercy of 
those entrusted with the castle. Shane's men have many times 
issued from this stronghold and spoiled South Clandeboy which 
adjoins it. North Clandeboy runs a dozen or sixteen miles north of 
Belfast, and the lord whoever he be should dwell in the heart of 
his country. If the Castle of Belfast be reserved to Her Majesty, 
some adjoining lands ought to be attached to it for the support 
of its warden. Six thousand acres might be taken from North 
Clandeboy and six thousand from South Clandeboy. There is on 

1 1 * 





a ford of the Bann a ruin called castle Toome that hath fallen into 
the hands of the Earl of Tyrone. It were better in other hands. It 
stands on the west side of the river. It should be well to reserve 
out of Neale Oge's patent some land opposite the castle on the 
east side of the river whereon to erect and maintain a fortified 
habitation. If this place should be left to Neale Oge, who is much 
given to stealing, all the thefts of Lower Clandeboy will be con- 
veyed away by this passage, and cannot be stopped as Tyrone's 
people at Castle Toome are for a consideration ready to conceal 
and convey whatsoever is brought them. Some reservations should 
be made for the church and for schools. Special regard should be 
shown to many gentlemen who by the ancient Irish custom should 
be lords before either Shane or Neale. Numbers of these should 
be made freeholders that they may have as little as possible to do 
with their Irish lords or customs, pp. 3. 


Feb. 1. 1. Lord Deputy Fytzwylliam to Burghley. Mr. Comerford Her 
Dublin Castle. Majesty's attorney for Connaught showed himself a very affec- 
tionate subject at the late falling of the Spaniards upon the coast. 
Autograph, p. 1. Incloses, 

L i. G. Comerford to the L. Deputy. For payment of money. 
He has two Spaniards to be disposed of at the Lord Deputy's 
pleasure. Sir Morogh O'Flaherty, the Buries of Mayo, and \ the 
Joys stand upon bad terms. Galway watched night and day. 
1588-9, Jan. 22. DownymulvihilL Copy. p. 1. 

Feb. 1. 

Feb. 2. 


Feb. 3. 


Feb. 3. 

2. Lord Deputy Fytzwylliam to Walsyngham. To send over 
Sir Edward Waterhous, the time being so dangerous and the 
country so wildly disposed. Autograph, p. 1. Incloses, 

2. i. Oer. Comerford to the Lord Deputy. Same as above. 
1588-9, Jan. 22. DownymulvihUl. Copy. p. 1. 

3. Sir R. Byngham to Lord Burghley. For despatch of Mr. John 
Marbury's suits that he may the sooner return to his charge. Aut. 
p. 1. 

4. Sir R. White, the Master of the Rolls, to Burghley. Recom- 
mends Mr. Garvey, Bishop of Kilmore, to be Primate of Armagh, 
vice Dr. Long, deceased. He is an ancient grave councillor, a great 
housekeeper, and expert in the language of the country. Sir John 
Perrott appointed him to the poor bishoprick he now has. Aut. p. 1, 

5. Sir Henry Wallop to Lord Burghley. Thanks for his favour- 
able letter of 1st January. Arrearages. The Lord Deputy hath this 
term sat 3 days in every week in the Exchequer. The manner of 




Feb. 4. 


Feb. 4. 


Feb. 4. 
Feb. 5. 



the orders alledged to be made between the Auditor and Wallop by 
Sir John Perrot. Parting scenes of bitterness between Perrot and 
Wallop. Sir Valentine Browne departed this life Feb. 8. Aut. pp. 5. 

6. Sir H. Wallop to Walsyngham. He received the sum of 281?. 
7s. 2d for ordnance, from the citizens of Dublin on the 26th Nov. 
1588. Aut. p. 1. Indoses, 

6. i. Sir H. Wallop's receipt for 281Z. 7s. 2d. due by the citizens 
of Dublin to her Majesty for Ordnance and munition received out 
of the Tower for them by John Usher, p. 1. Nov. 26. 

7. The Sept of the O'Ferralls to Walsyngham. Pray that in case 
it be not meant to refer the determining of the controversy between 
them and Iriel O'Ferral for the captainry of Annaly to the Lord 
Deputy they may have license to repair to England with their 
evidences. Iriel O'Ferral not to be made Sheriff, p. 1. 

Copy. p. 1. [Entry Book, Ireland, Folios, Vol. XII, p. 229]. 

8. Sir H. Wallop to Walsyngham. Thanks for your desire that 
there should be friendship between the Lord Deputy and me. Since 
my servant Dudly Norton delivered your letter to his Lordship, 
he has not been so bitter towards me as he was before. Still I have 
little hope of his good will. I trust that you and the Lord Treasurer 
will suspend your censures of me on any complaint made by the 
Lord Deputy until I come to England and have an oppurtunity of 
answering them. I have often sought for his favour and goodwill, 
and I was as glad of his coming, and as desirous of his friendship as 
any man in Ireland but since I have found him use such hard 
language of me, both before my face and behind my back, I have 
ceased to seek him. I have declined the mediation of one who has 
been the chief means of setting the Lord Deputy against me. Aut. 

9. Sir R. Bingham to Burghley for favour to the suits of the 
bearer, John Newton. Aut. p. 1. 

Feb. 5. 10. Hugh Earl of Tyrone to Secretary Walsyngham. By the 
Baiiiscanian. death of my honourable patron, the Earl of Leicester, who from 
m y youth had a special care of my bringing up and well- 
doing, I am destitute of a friend to patronize my good actions. My 
humble suit now is that you will patronize me and my causes, and 
as I live (as all others of this country do) continually subject to 
accusations, and hard constructions of well-meaning services, I be < 
that I may from time to time be acquainted with any bad reports 
of me, that I may answer them. I have matched a daughter of mine 
to [Hugh Roe] a son of ODonnelTs, who for his father lieth as a 
pledge in Dublin Castle, and as I have a great care of his well 
doing and would willingly see some proof of him in his father's 
time I humbly beg yon to procure his liberation. Aut. p. 1. 

Feb. 6. 11. Sir Warham Sentleger to Walsyngham. Recommends to his 

Cork. good opinion the bearer, Sir Wm. Herbert, knight, whose conduct 

while in Ireland in advancing Her Majesty's service and bringing 

Feb. 5. 




Feb. 8. 

Feb. 8. 
Feb. 8. 


her subjects to obedience deserves approbation. Aut. Seal with 
crest, 1 p. 

12. Sir Henry Wallop to Lord Burghley. Certifies that Sir 
Richard Byngham has truly accounted to him for the revenue in 
Connaught. His good service. Aut. p. I. Incloses, 

12. i. Certificate of money received and accounted for to Her 
Majesty's use by Sir R. Byngham, Chief Commissioner in Con- 
naught and Thomond, from 1584, July 27, to 1588, Mar. 31. 

13. Sir H. Wallop to Walsyngham to the like effect. Aut. p. 1. 


[Entry Book, Ireland. Fol. Vol. XII, p. 230.] p. 1. 

13. i. Certificate of monies for which Sir R. Bingham has yielded 
account to Her Majesty's use. pp. 3. 

Feb. 8. 14. Lord Deputy to the Lord Burghley. Recommends the bearer 
Dublin Castle. George Beverley and his causes. Aut. p. 1. 

Feb. 8. 

Feb. 8. 


Feb. 9. 


Feb. 9. 


Feb. 11. 

15. Robert Fowle to Lord Burghley. Commends John Newton, 
who has spent the greatest part of his life valiantly in Her Majesty's 
service. His information as to Connaught. p. 1. 

16. Pa. Foxe to Walsyngham. Mr. Francis Mylles, your secretary, 
not respecting that I was your honour's servant, told Mr. Colman, 
the Queen's Remembrancer here, that I was a suitor for the office of 
clerk of the council. Whatever the result of my suit, I never 
thought any one appertaining to your honour would disclose it. 
But there are so many crosses happening to men in this land .that 
I will bear mine patiently. One Herbert, a merchant of Dublin, 
came lately from Spain with a ship laden with wines. O'Rourke's 
wife was in Dublin earnestly suing the Lord Deputy not to place 
any sheriff in her husband's country, but her request has been 
refused. Autog. p. 1. 

17. J. Skiddie, Mayor, and Walter Coppinger and John Verdon, 
Bailiffs of Cork, to Walsyngham. Commend the good government 
of Sir William Herbert. Autographs, p. 1. 

18. Mr. Nicholas Browne to Walsyngham. His father, Sir 
Valentine Browne, expired on the 8th instant. Prays to be accepted 
by succession as one of Walsyngham's followers. Aut. p. 1. 

Lord Deputy to Walsyngham. The Pale unwilling either to fight 
or pray for Her Majesty. Great resort to the thanksgiving for the 
victory over the Armada at Carbery, Kinsale, Clony, Cork, and 
Ross. Neglect at Youghal by one Walley, warden there. Certain 
prisoners, viz., Oratio Donagio, Maneo Orlando, Vincencio Digio 
Bartoly Raguso and Gio. di Guzman, delivered to Aurelio Alexandrine. 
Copy, the original is wanting. [Entry Book, Ireland. Fol. Vol. 
XII., p. 231.] pp. 14. Incloses, 


1588-9. VOL.CXLI. 

19. I. Examination of John Brown, of Clontarf, mariner. Being 
bound from Dublin to RocheUe in a Dublin ship, whereof John 
Malone and Nicholas Weston were owners, he and four of his 
company were taken away by the Spaniards. He served in a hulk 
called the " White Culver," of Hambroe, until their return to the 
Itaven of Ruberdu in Gallizia. Only 56 ships escaped back to Spain, 
and they were so shaken with the English bullet and severe storms, 
tJiat some of them, sank in the havens. The Spaniards are building 
new ships and repairing the old ones, and are gathering a mass of 
provisions and stores at the Groin [Corunna]. During his stay 
at Ruberdu there came daily people out of divers parts of Spain to 
inquire for ships and their friends that were missing, with great 
lamentation for divers persons of account that were lost. He escaped 
in a ship's boat to RocheUe. Jan. 28. Copy. pp. 2. 

19. II. Mayor of Drogheda to the Lord Deputy. Preparation of 
200 gallies and ships with a great number of soldiers at Corunna, 
bound to depart with speed. Extract. 1589, Jan. 26. p. . 

19. m. Richard Strange, Mayor of Waterford, to the L. Deputy. 
The news brought by Richard Grant's ship arrived in 15 days from 
Lisbon. Copy. Feb. 6, Waterford. p. 1. 

19. iv. Captain Charles Eggarton to the Lord Deputy. The 
Spanish ship that was burnt in M'Lane's country was a galleon 
of Venice of 1,200 tons. There were burned in her two chief 
captains, five of M'Lane's pledges, and 700 men, except two or 
three that were blown on shore with the upper deck. Nothing 
was saved. One captain and 100 men are with M'Lean, and take 
pay of him. One Morris O'Desmond, so called, and Thomas 
O'Desmond, base son of Sir John O'Desmond the traitor, and 
another Irishman named Robert Aspolle, each with three or 
four servants, now accompany John Madine, who at home in Spain 
is governor of Cadix, and in this voyage was an admiral of 24 
hulks. Their ship, calhd the " Griffin," of Riske in Flanders, with 
300 men, was turecked on Fair Isle, seven leagues off Shetland 
[in lat. 59 33' N,, long. 1 38' IT.], and are now at Edinburgh. 
They intend to ship themselves for Spain without delay, and it 
is believed the Earl of Bothwell is providing them with a double 
fly-boat of his own, riding now in the road of Leith. 

A suspicious little bark lately put into Belfast harbour. She 
is deemed to be John Staple's bark, of Carlingford, she would not 
make herself known. Angus M'Donnell has drawn Sorley Boy and 
M'Neece over into Scotland to a parliament of peace, supposed to 
be made between M'Lean and him. The Earl of Argyll is very 
anxious to set them at unity. Sorley Boy M'Donnell has Patrick 
M' Henry of the Route in hand. Extract, p. 1. 1588-9 [Jan. ?], 

19. v. Remembrances of W. Lyon, Bishop of Cork and Ross, to 
the L. Deputy. Thomas Wetherhead IMS promised to sell the warden- 
ship of Youghal, and to make a lease of Lismore, for there he 



looks to be Bishop. Prays the said Wetherhead may have no 
further footing in God's Church. Extract, p. 1. 1588-9, Feb. 12. 

Feb. 12. 20. Lord Deputy to the Privy Council. Defers the restoration of 

Dublin Castle. Capt. Lea to his charge of 50 footmen. Capt. Henshaw at Carrick- 

fergus till Mr. Carlisle's return. The contempt of Symbarbe, a 

servant unto Sir Richard Byngham, in cherishing Jacob Frederick, 

a prisoner out of the Spanish fleet. Occurrences in Spain, pp. 2. 

Feb. 12. Copy of above. [Entry Bk., Ireland, Fol., Vol. XII., p. 232.] p. 1. 

Feb. 12. 21. Lord Deputy to Burghley. Certifies the numbers of such as 
Dublin Castle, assembled to celebrate the general thanksgiving. There was con- 
gregated 2,000 people at Cork to hear the Bishop's sermon. Un- 
suflerable wickedness of Walley, warden at Youghal, who hath 
sold spiritual livings of which he was incumbent, and suffereth 
his honest wife and poor children to wander up and down begging 
and ready to famish, p. 1. Incloses, 

21. i. Lord Deputy to the P. Council. Copy. p. 1. 1588-9, 
Feb. 12, Dublin Castle. Col. above, No. 20. Inclosing, 

21. II. Report of William Herbert, of Dublin, merchant, to the Lord 
Deputy of such things as have happened in Spain from 14 Apr. 
to 16 Dec. Relates the wailing of the people, the hanging of the 
bakers who supplied the biscuit, the message from King Philip to 
the Duke of Medina, forbidding his presence withi/n seven leagues 
of the court, di/vers revolts. They in the holy house at Lisbon did 
in great fury burn their holy woman. [N.B. This is not a similar 
inclosure to that of the same date inclosed in Mar. 4, but dated 
Mar. 6, by Fytzwyttiam himself, of which there are two copies.] 
1588-9, Feb. pp. 3. 

21. m. Exami/nation of John Brown, of Clontarf. Calendared 
at p. 121, No. 19.1. 

21. rv. Mayor of Drogheda to the Lord Deputy. Extract. 
1688-9, Jan. 26. p. 1. Col. No. 19. n. 

21. v. Richard Strange, Mayor, to the L. Deputy. The gallies 
stationed for defence of the Tagus. The ships have all returned 
from the Indies. Copy. p. 1. Feb. 6, Waterford. Same as 19. m. 

21. vi. Capt. Charles Eggarton to the Lord Deputy. Calendared 
at No. 19. iv. Extract, pp. 2. 1588-9 [? Jan.], Knockfergus. 

21. Vii. Extract out of the Remembrances by W. Lyon, Bishop of 
Cork and Ross. Col. above, No. 19. v. To which is added a note 
by the Lord Deputy, in which he says that the late John Long, Arch- 
bishop of Armagh, loved good cheer but too well ; and it is said 
the Dean of St. Patrick's {Dr. Meredith Hanmer] can as well skill 
to buy and sett matters belonging to the church as some meaner can. 
p. 1. 1588-9, Feb. 12. 


1588-9. Vor-CXLI. 

Feb. 12. 22. Pa. Foxe to Walsyngham. Hughe Ne Geavelagh O'Neill, son 
Dublin. to Shane O'Neill, has come to Lough Foyle with nine Scottish sails, 
but what he means to do is uncertain. Shane's other son, Conn, 
who has been for a long time in durance with Turlough Lynagh 
O'Neill, has been set at liberty, and it is thought he will join his 
brother. I pray God between them both they work no mischief in 
the north. It is said that M'Mahon will not consent that any 
sheriff should be placed in his country, which shows a disloyal 
mind in him. He lately tried to murder Captain Willis and his 
soldiers, who were entertained in his country. He and others of 
his sort must be looked unto, or else her Majesty's subjects shall 
feel the smart. O'Donnell's castle and Hall of Donegall were lately 
burned by the direction, it is said, of the Lady O'Donnell, now in 
Scotland, lest it should be hereafter a hold for a garrison to lie in. 
Aut. p. 1. 

Feb. 13. 23. Sir Henry Haringeton to Walsyngham. Understands that 
Grange Gorman. O ne of Fergus O'Ferrall's sept is now at the Court, a suitor for the 
captainry of Annaly. . Fergus O'Ferrall has always been ready and 
willing to serve Her Majesty, and has had the good opinion of all 
governors. General report says the right is in Fergus, and in the 
rest of his sept according to the composition made in the time of 
Sir Henry Sydney's government. Damaged, p. 1. 

Feb. 14. 24. Sir N. White, Master of the Rolls, to Walsyngham. Has im- 
Dubiin. parted 201. of his living to Sir Patrick Walshe. Has endeavoured 
to assist Mr. Pipho. Has helped Mr. Beverley as well on account 
of his sufficiency as for Walsingham's sake. p. 1. 

Feb. 16. 25. Lord Deputy to the Privy Council. Sends over some Spanish 
Dublin Castle, prisoners by Aurelio 1'Allessandrino. The rest to be speedily 
removed because they come into much amity and familiarity with 
the inhabitants. Autog. p. 1. 

Feb. 16. Copy. [Entry Book, Ireland, Fol., Vol. XII, p. 233.] p. 1. 

Feb. 16. 26. Lord Roche (M. de Rupe et Fermoy) to the Earl of Ormond. 
Dublin. TO further his complaints against the undertakers who take nearly 
all his lands, some by offices some without. 

Has sent letters to Her Majesty, by one Walter Harold, renewing 
his suit for his lands. Hopes Her Majesty will be gracious in 
respect of the promise she made when he took leave at Somerset 
House. Will be utterly undone if this promise be not performed, 
for his revenue is now very little since he has been dispossessed 
of parts of his inheritance, and he is unable to support his vocation 
and house as his ancestors formerly did. The Undertakers do so 
vex and trouble him by ivsurping and intruding upon the little that 
remains of his lands that it would be better for him he had never 
been born to inherit a foot of land. They have not only dispos- 
sessed him of all lands found under colour of untrue inquisitions 
but they also caused the castle, town, and lands of Cregg and 
Ballyclohie to be inserted in their letters patent without any office 




Feb. 17. 


or interest for Her Majesty, what they mean thereby he knows not. 
They took 100 marks worth of corn from him last harvest, and 
though the Lord Deputy has written several warrants for the 
restoration of it it has not been restored. They are seeking 
opportunities for taking his life. One Butt, servant to Pieres and 
Keate of Caniggleamylerie, shot an arrow at him and afterwards 
said openly that he desired nothing more than the writer's death. 
Is forced to keep to his house for safety. He appeals to the Earl 
of Ormond for aid, and asks that Mr. Henry Shee be ordered to 
give him some place with a good castle near the [River] Suir side 
of Ormond's lands where he might dwell for a while in safety. 
He would rather serve as one of the meanest of his Lordship's retinue 
at court, in the hope of redress from Her Majesty, than remain in 
his own country as things are going on. Sends hearty commen- 
dations to Lady Ormond and Lord James, his cousins. [Received 
11 March 1588-9.] Autogr. Seal, with arms. pp. 3. 

27. Lord Roche (M. de Rupe et Fermoy) to Queen Elizabeth. 
Petitions Her Majesty to give order that he may be restored to 
the possession of the lands of which he has been dispossessed, not- 
withstanding any office that may have been taken or found thereof 
for Her Majesty. The said lands are of little value to Her Majesty, 
and if they are not restored he and his house will be ruined. 
Autogr. p. 1. 

28. Lord Roche (M. de Rupe et Fermoy) to Walsyngham. To 
further his suit for his lands whereof he is dispossessed. Autogr. 
p. I. 

Feb. 18. 29. Lord Deputy Fytzwilliam to Burghley. Sends over five 

Dublin Castle. Spanish prisoners by Aurelio le Alessandrino. Prays that all the 

rest may be sent also. Money, the Earl of Ormond, Sir Ed. 

Waterhous, and the Undertakers of Munster now in England to be 

despatched thence, p. 1. 

Feb. 18. 30. Sir Warham Sentleger to Burghley. The Earl of Clancarty's 
Cork. daughter who married Florence M'Cartie stole out of Cork in 
disguise and was led away by Bryan Cartie. Florence M'Cartie 
has forfeited thereby a recognizance of 400Z. Castle Lowgh the 
strongest locality in Ireland to be seized by the Queen for the 
same. pp. 2. 

Feb. 17. 


Feb. 18. 

31. Sir Warham Sentleger to Walsyngham. On Friday week 
the Earl of Clancarthy's only daughter, being committed to the 
safe keeping of the gentleman porter at Cork, stole out of the town 
in disguise and a maid with her. What has become of her is not 
known with certainty, but a gentleman of Carbery says that a man 
of Florence M'Carthy's, called Brian Carthy, in English called 
B rian of the Cards, because he is cunning in playing at the cards, 
r eceived her outside the gates, and is her guide. If this be true 
Florence M'Carthy is acquainted with her departure, for this Brian 
is one that Florence M'Carthy reposed great trust in, the said 
Florence having saved him from the gallows. The day before her 




Feb. 18. 

Feb. 20. 


Feb. 20. 


Feb. 20. 


Feb. 22. 



departure a messenger of the said Florence's came from Dublin to 
her either with letters or a secret message. She is kept marvellous 
close, and great cunning is used in her secret keeping to gain time, 
so that she may be of full years to give her consent to marriage 
irrevocable ? The fear that if the father had her in his possession, 
he might persuade her to be divorced, which might very well have 
been done if she had not been taken away. She was the less 
closely looked after for that the said Florence was bound in a 
recognizance in the sum of 400. that she should remain prisoner 
till delivered by Her Majesty's order. The forfeiture of this bond 
should not be let slip. He has in mortgage a castle belonging to 
the Earl of Clancarthy for 400Z. or 5001. lent him in England. It 
is called Castle Lough, and stands in a great lough where there is 
great store of Orient Pearl found. It is the strongest situation in 
the province, and with a little fortification would be impregnable. 
Her Majesty may now justly seize this. The province remains 
quiet pp. 2. 

32. Mr. Solicitor R. Wilbraham's receipt for several parcels of 
the compositions in Connaught delivered to him by Paul Mallard, 
servant to Sir John Perrot. p. 1. 

33. Sir N. Bagenall to Walsyngham. He hopes to crawl to the 
court this summer as no one else can report his griefe and injuries. 
Prays him to further the payment of 1,1001. due 31 March 1588. 
The bearer, Walter Smythe, will present the bill thereof. Aut. 
Seal. p. 1. 

34. Sir Henry Bagenall to Walsyngham. His father's infirmities 
are too great to let him take the seas till the beginning of the 
summer. Sir Henry Bagenall is forced by his own necessities and 
the wants of his followers to sue for payment of the money due 
to him and them for their services. There is no hope of obtaining 
it in Ireland. He holds a lease of some Duchy lands in Stafford- 
shire for 19 or 20 years, and fears that in his absence some malicious 
persons maj* seek for the reversion of his lands, he therefore asks 
to have his years increased at a reasonable rate. Autograph, p. 1. 

35. Christopher Peyton, Auditor of Ireland, to Burghley. He 
sent for the relief of his son to one Monsieur Treleboys, near 
Rochelle, where his son is at board, certain barrels of butter, beef, 
candles, and tallow, about a ton in all, and a small cask of apparel, 
intending after a time to place his son with the King of Navarre. 
These goods are prohibited here in Ireland. They were forfeited 
and seized to the Queen's use and an indictment for felony has 
been drawn against him. He prays Lord Burghley for relief He 
cannot endure the malice of great men and would be as well pleased 
to leave his place as he was to possess it. Autog. p. 1. 

36. George Beverley to Walsyngham. Suit for divers great sums. 
Her Majesty's charge in the victualling causes. Woad causes. Sir 
Henry Sydney's debts. Hdog. p. 1. 



Feb. 22. 

Feb. 22. 


Feb. 24. 


Feb. 24. 


Feb. 26. 


Feb. 28. 

Dublin Castle, 

Feb. 28. 



37. Mayor and Aldermen of Limerick to the Privy Council. The 
bearer, Sir William Herbert, very diligent to advance the word of 
God, and due obedience of the rude people about his dwelling in 
Kerry. Autographs, p. 1. 

38. Milerus Magrath, Archbishop of Cashel, to Murtough Liagh 
O'Hiffernan. Fragment of an Irish letter in Jthe Archbishop of 
Cashel's hand. [For an example of Magrath's hand see 1591, 
Nov. 21, inclosed in 30 Dec. following, which the L. Deputy says 
is all in his hand.] p. 1. 

39. Theobald Dillon to Sir F. Walsyngham. The Lord Deputy 
refuseth to discharge him from prison, notwithstanding Walsyng- 
hara's letter. Autog. p. 1. 

40. R. Becon to Walsyngham. Necessity of placing garrisons in 
the Munster fortresses to oppose the Spaniards. Waterford and 
Clonnel liave bound themselves by a new oath to the Spaniard. 
Aut. p. 1. 

41. Pa. Foxe to Walsyngham. Killing of John Browne, an 
Englishman, and Daniel Daley, by a son of the Devil's Hook. Last 
night, Feagh M'Hugh's two sons, Morris Fitzwater's three sons, 
Kedagh O'Tool, Feagh M'Hugh's wife's brother, M'Mahon's brother, 
M'Sweeny's son, and other pledges who were in Dublin Castle brake 
prison. The Seneschal of Imokilly who was a great man in the 
time of Desmond's wars died lately in the Castle of Dublin. Aut. 
p. I. 

42. Lord Deputy Fytzwylliam to Burghley. That some honour- 
able testimony of his Lordship's good opinion may be given to 
W. Lyon, the Bishop of Cork, who has built a proper church and 
a fair house in the wildest part of Munster. Aut. p. 1. 

43. Richard Strange, Mayor of Waterford, to Walsyngham. 
Recommends the bearer, William Lumbarde, and his lawful suits. 
Refers the causes of the corporation and the late news from Spain 
and Portugal to his relation. Aut. p. 1. Incloses, 

43. L News brought to the Mayor of Waterford by merchants who 
arrived since the 4tth Feb. 

Peter Grant says that the chief purveyor of bread at Lisbon is 
imprisoned because the bread was mixed with lime, and of the 
eating thereof many i/n, the Armada took their death. James Fits- 
Maurice's son, Maurice Fitz John cousin german to the late Earl 
of Desmond, and Edmund Eustace brother of the late Viscount 
Baltinglas, died. 

Nicholas White of Waterford, says that Don John Martinez 
de Ricaldo ended his life 4 days after his landing, for whom there 
was great mourning by the Regent of Galicia and all the people. 

Nicholas Strange, brother to Doctor Strange, says that not above 
7,000 of the army that returned from England are known to be 
alive. Ki/ng Philip will not be able to make a like fleet for 3 years. 

Edward Walshe, who arrived 24 Feb. last, from JBUboa, says 
that the Duke of Medina Sidonia stayed aboard 6 days after 
their arrival at St. Andrews, until he apparelled himself and his 



gentlemen all in black and landed, followed by 50 gentlemen like 
mourners. The ships' companies were so weak that they were taken 
to their lodgings in waggons. The like lamentation was never 
in any country as in Biscay and Asturia. pp. 2. 

[Feb. 28.] 44. Petition of William Lumbarde of Waterford, merchant, to 
Lord Burghley for payment of 467. out of such treasure as is now 
assigned for Ireland, p. 1. 

Feb. 45. Sir George Bowrchier to Burghley for payment of money 

due to him upon warrants, and for letters to the Lord Deputy Fytz- 
wylliam to give order to the Treasurer to make payment of his fee 
out of the Revenues of Ireland. Aut. Seal with Arms. p. 1. 

Feb. 46. Petition of William Herbert of Dublin, gent., to the Lord 

Burghley. His services and enduring of torture in Spain. Prays to 
be appointed General Supervisor of Wexf ord, and to farm the impost 
for 100 marks by year. p. 1. 

Feb . 47. Similiar petition, p. 1. 

Feb. 48. Mem. of resolutions for Ireland. O'Connor Sligo to have some 

convenient portion, and the rest of the land to be annexed to the 
Castle. The controversy between the O'Ferrals to be referred over 
to the Lord Deputy, with advice for the division of the Annaley. 
The Deputy to send for Sir Richard Byngham to consult as to an 
increase of the Composition in Connaught. p. 1. 

Feb. 49. Petition of O'Connor Sligo to Burghley to move Her Majesty 

for a new warrant to the Lord Deputy and Chancellor in his behalf, 
and for restitution of his lands, p. 1. 

Feb. 50. Petition of Donoghe O'Connor Sligo to the Privy Council. 

Claims to succeed to his uncle Sir Donald O'Connor, who had 
surrendered his lands and taken them again by letters patent, p. 1. 

Feb. 51. Petition of Donnogh O'Connor Sligo to Sir Francis Walsyng- 

ham, that he may have speedy redress, as the justice of his cause 
deserveth. p. 1. 

Feb. 52. Petition of Donogh O'Connor of Sligo to the Privy Council 

to uphold his title to Sligo, which had been extorted from him by 
the shadow of a second office, p. 1. 

Feb. 53. The case of Donnogh O'Connor, with articles disproving the 

second office which was found against him. Manner of the Governor, 
Sir R. Bingham, taking a juror by the beard and threatening to 
inflict on him the punishment of a traitor if he persisted in his 
opinion, p. 1. 

Feb. 54. A like paper, p. 1. 

Feb. 55. Answer on the behalf of Sir Richard Bingham to a supplica- 

tion and a case exhibited against him by Donogh O'Connor to 
Walsyngham. p. 1. 

Feb. 56. Petition of Donogh O'Connor Sligo to Burghley. That those 

who accused him of murmuring at the proceedings of Her Majesty 
and the Privy Council may be called before his Lordship, p. 1 


1588-9. VoL ' CXLL 

Feb. 57. Memorandum of how the Undertakers have peopled their 

lands. The Undertakers mentioned are the Lord Chancellor, Mr. 
Secretary, Sir Walter Raleigh, Sir Thomas Norris, Mr. Attorney, 
Sir Valentine Brown, Sir Edward Fyton, Sir George Bowser, Sir 
William Cortne, Sir Warhame Sentleger, Sir Richard Grenefield, Sir 
William Herbert, Sir Edward Barcli, Mr. Trencher, Mr. Bilingsley, 
Mr. Hide, Mr. Cuf, Mr. Rogers, Mr. Norton, Mr. Hollis, Mr. Charles 
Herbert, Mr. Stone, and Mr. Con way. p. 1. 

Feb. 58. Table of all the Undertakers in Minister, with the number of 

acres, people, and rent, under the hands of Sir John Popham, Her 
Majesty's Attorney-General and Sir Edward Fyton. p. 1. 

Feb. 59. Note collected out of a book made by John Shereff of great 

sums of munition wanting in the store in Ireland, for which Jaques 
Wyngfeld, the late master of the Ordnance there, could never 
make any account. Aut. pp. 2J. 

Feb. 60. Note touching victual and kerne to be had out of Munster. 

Donnel M'Cartea hath killed Donnel O'Falvea, a gentleman of 
Desmond, and is thereupon gone out with fourscore swords. Pro- 
posal to employ him in Her Majesty's service, p. 1. 


Mar, 2. 1. The names of the Undertakers within the counties of Waterford 
and Limerick, of Cheshire and Lancashire. 

Sir Christopher Hatton, Lord Chancellor of England, ploughs ; 
80 persons of English birth. He has his patent. 

Sir Richard Molyneux. No return. 

Thomas Fleetwood, Esq. ; 3 ploughs, 12 persons of English birth. 

Edmond Manwairyng, Esq., inhabiteth himself there ; 8 ploughs, 
16 persons of English birth. 

Marmaduke Redman, Esq. ; 3 ploughs, 16 persons of English birth. 

Richard Bowlde ; 4 ploughs, 8 persons of English birth. 

Sir Edward Phyton ; 27 ploughs, 60 persons of English birth. , 

Richard Phyton and Alexander Phyton ; 3 ploughs, 12 persons of 
English birth. 

William Candish, Esq. ; 3 ploughs, 6 persons of English birth. 

Henry Slyngesby. His land appointed to Lord Ormond. 

Sir Rowland Stanley and John Poole. This is allotted to Sir 
Geo. Bourcher. 

Total 51 ploughs, 210 persons of English birth. 

Memorandum. The lands allotted to Sir George Beston, Launcelot 
Bostock, and Gilbert Gerrard, passed by patent, are since ordered by 
Her Majesty to the Knight of the Valley, p. 1. 

2. Pa. Foxe to Sir Francis Walsyngham. Thanks for his Honour's 
letters written to Sir Lucas Dillon for Foxe to have a clerk's " room." 
Four of the pledges who escaped were found and sent in by my 


1588-9. Vot ' CXLIL 

Lord of Killeen's son and Hugh Duff M'Donnell, viz., M'Mahon's 
brother and pledge, M'Sweeny's son, and O'Cahan's pledge, p. 1. 

Mar. 3. 3. Mr. Justice Jessua Smythes and R. Becon to Sir F. Walsyng- 
ham. Commend the proceedings of Sir William Herbert for matter 
of government and administration of justice. Autographs, p. I. 

Mar. 3. 4. [M'Ne Mara Fyn] to Lord Burghley. I thought it necessary 
Inishdyman to acquaint you with the unkind dealing the Earl of Thomond, my 
[Ennistymon.] cousi]Qj s h O weth towards me. He tries to encroach upon my small 
living as well by procuring his grandmother, Dame Ellen Butler, to 
sue me as in demand of her thirds, as in divers other sorts. Will 
not mention the sundry orders passed for mollifying the dissension 
betwixt his Lordship's father and my father, as also between his 
Lordship and me. If the said Earl, either now at Court or in this 
land, after his coming over, will begin any suit against me for land, 
or otherwise prejtidice me, persuade him to be contented with the 
observation of such orders as formerly hath past as well between 
our fathers as ourselves, or else that the whole matter of controversy 
between him and me and between the said lady and me be referred 
to the Lord Deputy of Ireland, the Lord Chancellor, the Chief 
Justice of the King's Bench, Sir Henry Wallop, knight, Sir Edward 
Waterhous, knight, Sir Geoffrey Fenton, knight, Sir George Bowrcher, 
knight, and Sir William Herbert, knight, whereby the said Earl and 
lady may leave their continual vexing of me. For, if it please your 
Lordship, the most and " famousest " number of the lawyers of this 
land are allied to the Earl of Thomond, through his marriage with 
the house of Kildare and his kindred with the house of Ormond, 
whereby I am forced to take refuge in the consciences of Her 
Majesty's ministers of the Council in Ireland, p. 1. 

Mar. 4. 5. Theobald Dillon to Walsyngham. To write to the Lord Deputy 
Dublin Castle. f or his enlargement out of prison. Autog. p. 1. 

Mar. 4. 6. Lord Deputy to Burghley. The offer of William Herbert [not 
Dublin Castle. Sir W. Herbert] to conduct ships to the Groin [Corunna] much 
commended. Aut. Seal with arms. p. 1. Incloses, 

6. i. Declaration of Richard Fitz Symons, of Drogheda, servant 
to Dyonyse Baldy. The Duke of Medina Sidonia hath proffered the 
King 50 great ships, and is appointed general of the new armada. 
Preparations made to land the Spanish soldiers in Ireland by 
means of 100 gallies out of the Basque fleet sailing for Newfound- 
land. The loss of Don Alonzo de Leva greatly lamented. Death of 
the Duke of Guise, and general defection in France. Feb. 28. pp. 2. 

6. II. Advertisements by William Herbert to the Lord Deputy. 
At his being at Mary Port an alarm was caused by certain foistes 
which were descried, and but small power found to oppose an 
enemy. The merchants of Seville leave sent to the Indies for all the 
available treasure. Fowke Brenoke's report of the course and other 
particulars of the Indian fleet. If Her Majesty determine to send 
any forces to the Groyne, it were necessary for that exploit, amongst 

P 41. ! 2 I 


1588-9. VOL.CXLIL 

other forces, to send 300 kerne, who naturally are inclined to do 
more spoil in the like enterprise than any other nation whatsoever, 
being of far greater force, and especially considering that Galicia is 
a mountain ground with divers marshes and woods, not unlike 
to many places of Ireland, having many small villages adjoining 
to the havens which by the said light footmen might be quickly over- 
run and consumed by Jire. And 'if any of the said light footmen 
should miscarry, being dispersed, Her Majesty should lose amongst 
them not one good subject, albeit for that exploit necessary evils. 
And likewise the sending of kerne thither might breed such perpetual 
hatred and enmity betwixt the Spaniards and Irishmen as they 
should never be in the like favour as hitherto they have been, nor 
expect their aid, as hitherto they have been assured by such traitors 
and hopelosts as are fled hence, and make their abode in those 
foreign countries. Autog. with p. s. by Deputy of March 6. pp. 2. 

March 4. 7. Lord Deputy to Burghley. To have the cause of M'Ne Mara 

Dublin Castle. Fyn in favourable remembrance. His faithful and dutiful course. 

There are not two more" like him in that whole province. Also 

that the course which Sir Henry Sydney established may be revived 

in the Annaly. Aut. p. 1. 

March 4. 8. Lord Deputy to Walsyngham. 800 soldiers might sack and 
Dublin Castle, spoil the Groin [Corunna], where is great store of victual, and 
where the King's Treasurer hath his abode, and likewise the marine 
towns of Ferrol, Ponte Demy, and Betancos. p. 1. Incloses, 

8. i. Advertisements by W. Herbert. Calendared at No. 6. II. 

March 4. 9. Lord Deputy to Walsyngham. William Lyon the Bishop of 
Dublin Castle. Cork's godly course hath so reformed his most wild and disordered 
people by informing them in the principles of religion, as that they 
will come to him on his word. Aut. p. 1. 

March 4. 10. A true declaration concerning the undertakers in Cork, by 
Sir John Popham. The causes are here explained, which dis- 
couraged some of the early undertakers who after long tarrying 
for their portions returned to England with their people. This 
declaration concerns all the undertakers in Cork, saving Sir Walter 

Sir John Stawell, knight, Sir John Clifton, knight, and Thomas 
Hannam, Esq., they all sent over into Ireland in summer last was 
twelve months, and their people staying there from May until 
August, and having in all that time no place assigned unto them to 
stay, they returned and thereupon gave it over. 

John Popham placed himself at Mallow, being but 6,000 acres, 
and at the earnest request of Sir Thomas Norreys and sundry of 
the Gentlemen Undertakers left it unto Sir Thomas Norreys, who, ex- 
pecting to have been placed at Imokilley, and finding no place there 
for that it is all claimed as chargeable land, sent his people to the 
Bantry, where Edward Rogers, Esquire, was to have been placed, 
and finding there in all not passing 4,000 acres : the place being far 




March 4. 


off and dangerous, and all the rest thereabouts claimed by others 
of the Irish, is driven, and the same Edward Rogers also, to return 
all their people, saving some few that of themselves are contented 
still to stay there. 

John Cowper, Esq., was placed in Kyrriwhyrry and Mr. Fynes 
directed to certain lands adjoining, but upon the title of Sir Warham 
St. Leger displaced and in the same Sir Warham St. Leger and Sir 
Richard Greynfield stand now placed. 

Mr. Arthur Huyde is placed in some lands lying in the Lord 
Roche's country and in Condon's country, and hath not above 
8,000 acres and his patents past, as I take it, wherein he had no 
settling until this last summer in respect of titles. His wife and 
children are there, with above 20 more who went over this last 
summer, and he hath presently more to pass over unto him. 

Samuel Norton, Esq., is yet ready to place himself about Cork, 
if any land may be had there. 

Hugh Cuffe is placed in the great wood, and hath 12,000 acres, 
and as I take it, his Letters Patent past. He informed me when I 
was there this summer he had already 40 English people there. 

John Ryves, Esq., was passing over to have been placed in Carrig- 
lymlery not being past 6,000 acres. He died on the journey. One 
Mr. Kete took the place but could not rest quiet in it in respect of 
the Lord Roche. And the title of Lord Roche being taken this 
summer to be insufficient, he had there about 12 English people, 
but how they are increased I know not, nor whether his patent be 
passed or not. 

Vane Beacher hath the one half of Kynalmeky passed unto him 
by patent. He could not, nor yet doth enjoy it quietly in respect of 
M'Carthy Reagh and the O'Mahonys. Although the title were this 
summer adjudged against M'Carthy Reagh, and therefore hath not 
many people there as yet. 

Hugh Worth hath the other moiety of Kynalmeky, who hath 
received the like disturbance and therefore has had few there, and 
himself having had for more than a year together a most dangerous 
disease which he took there must be driven to give it over, as I think. 

Arthur Robins hath about 4,000 acres there, but how he doth use 
it I know not. 

Mr. Reade hath taken Kilcolman being about 3,000 acres but 
what he hath done in it I know not. J. Popham. Auutog. pp. 2. 

11. The quantity of lands appointed to the Undertakers of Lan- 
cashire and Cheshire within the province of Munster. 

The lands within the counties of Waterford and Limerick, 
escheated and concealed delivered to these whose names are under- 
written being of Lancashire and Cheshire : 

Sir Christopher Hatton, knight : 

Knockmoin, the Decies, Cappoquin - 12,000 

Sir Richd. Molineux, knight : 

The Comrowe - 12,100 

Thomas Fletewood, Esq. : 

The Castle and Lands of Mocollop - - 2,000 

I 2 






Edward Man wai ring, Esq., 

Fedamore, Fanningstown - - 2,400 

Marmaduke Redman, Esq. : 

Part of Patrick Condon's Land - - 2,4-00 

Richard Bould, Esq., 

Knockorden - 2,000 

Sir Edward Phyton, knight : 

Awny cum membris in Limerick - -"j 

Aharlow and Colyon in Tipperary - - > 8,000 

Kilmanehen and Clanlery in Waterford - 
Wm. Candish, Esq., in co. Limerick. 

The Castle, Cloghtack, and the rest in Poblebrian - 2,000 
Richard Phyton and Alexander Phyton : 

Ballygibbon and Ton Boy Roughe [i.e., Garret 

McThomas's] land in the county of Limerick - 4,000 
The Earl of Ormond : 

The Cappo and the rest within Tipperary, amount- 
ing to - - 10,000 
Sir Rowland Stanley allotted to Sir George Bourcher : 

In Limerick, Loughgur, Clanoger, (Glenogra,) and 

Creans - - 12,000 

Sir George Beeston, Lancelot Bostock, and Gilbert 
Gerrard : 

In Limerick, Kenrye - 12,000 

This was since given by Her Majesty to the Knight of the Valley. 

Upon these lands besides the Earl of Ormond and my Lord 
Chancellor and Sir Richard Molyneux there are 51 ploughs, and 210 
Englishmen inhabitants. 

Memo. The ploughlands within these counties contain by measure 
440 English men acres, p. 1. 

March 5. 12. Lord Deputy Fytzwylliam to Burghley. The Earl of Tirone 

Dublin Castle, hath practised with the King of Spain. If he shall deserve to be 

cut off Sir Turlough Lynagh will become too great. The sons of 

Shane O'Neill will endeavour to reduce Ulster to the former state of 

Irish government. Aut. p. 1. Incloses, 

12. i. Capt. Nicholas Merriman to the Lord Deputy. Landing 
of Hugh Gavelagh M'SJiane O'Neill with M' Sweeny's safe conduct 
to Donnalong, near Strabane. Prays tJie Lord Deputy to make 
great speed in sending a protection to him for three months, as 
Merriman dares not write of the weighty matters Hugh Gavelagh 
has to disclose. Con M'Shane O'Neill liberated. Feb. 18, Strabane. 
Copy. p. 1. 

12. ii. Salomon Farenan Sir Tirlagh O'NeilVs man to the 
L. Deputy. Nine Spaniards have come from Donegal to Strabane. 
Sorley Boy sent 18 Spaniards into Scotland the last week. Maguire 
and O'Neill are agreed. 1588-9, Feb. 18. Extract, p. 1. 

12. in. //. O'Neill (i.e. Hugh Gavelagh) to the Lord Deputy. He 
would fain repair to Fytzwylliam' s present and excuse his absence. 


1583-9. VouCXLII. 

He, has serious 'matters to reveal against Tirone. Prays for a 
2wotection for three months and for letters to Captain Hugh Mostcn 
and Sir Henry Bagenall to escort him in safety. 1588-9, Feb. 17, 
Strabane. Copy. p. 1. 

12. iv. Hugh O'Neill (i.e. Gavelagk) to Laivrence Taaf. He Juts 
brought no men from Scotland according to his promise to the 
Lord Deputy Pcrrot. Prays him to deal with the Lord Deputy in 
his causes and to hasten his boy with tlie protection. Copy trans- 
lated out of Irish. [1588-9, Feb. 17.] p. 1. 

Mar. 5. 13. Lord Deputy to Walsyngham. Hugh Gavelagh, one of 
Dublin Castle. Shane O'Neill's sons, has returned from Scotland where he hath 
remained well nigh two years. The sons of Shane O'Neill be seven 
in number and all save one of Scottish race. They are greatly 
beloved of the people, and will attempt to succeed to the O'Neill- 
ship. Aut. p. 1. Incloses, 

13. i. Salomon Farenan, Sir Tirlagh O'Neill's man, to the Lord 
Deputy. Hugh Gavelaglie O'Neill has come out of Scotland 
bringing Fleming and others. Much false news sown by priests 
from Rome. 1588-9, Feb. 18. Extract, p. 1. Same as 12. n. 

Mar. 6. 14. Sir H. Wallop to Walsyngham. Commends the suit of the 
Dublin, bearer Sir Henry Bagenall for payment of 1,208Z. Aut. p. 1. 

Mar. 6. Copy of the above. [Entry Book, Ireland, Fol. VoL XII. p. 

237.] p. 1. 
Mar. 6. 15. Petition of Sir Nicholas and Sir Henry Bagenal to the Privy 

Council for payment of 1,716?. p. 1. 

[Mar. 6.] 16. Petition of Sir N. Bagenall and Sir H. Bagenall to Lord 
Burghley for payment of 1,716?. p. 1. 

Mar. C. 17. Milerus Magrath, Archbishop of Cashel, to Sir Francis Wal- 
syngham. Has had great report before of the worthiness, good 
skill, and diligence of Sir William Herbert both in spiritual and 
temporal matters. He is such a one which is both able and willing 
to do good (a rare thing in this country), and also to show your 
honor all such things as are necessary for the full reformation of 
this whole realm. Give credit and audience to Sir William in 
hearing such things as he of himself shall declare unto your honor, 
but also of your great circumspection cause him to set down in 
writing his opinion and knowledge particularly touching the eccle- 
siastical and temporal states, wherein I doubt not but that your 
honor shall find in him very rare sufficiency to do the same. The 
man is so well learned, so wise, and inclined to all virtue as your 
honor may trust him in such a good matter, for I have heard and 
seen so many high commendations of his good behaviour and 
upright dealings amongst his neighbours, as it seemeth unto the 
country about him, that God hath given them great gifts in sending 
such a one amongst them. I have perused certain articles and 
orders which he has made his tenants in Kerry observe, and which 
are both godly, politic, and wise. Truly I think it were better 

1 2 * 




Mar. 6. 

Mar. 7. 

Mar. 8. 



for Her Majesty to have six like to him in this realm to win the 
people's heart and good will, and to bring them into true and 
loyal subjection than 6,000 soldiers with their captains every one 
like unto Thomas Moore or Thomas Ley, of whom I have said much 
already prevailing nothing. Prays that Herbert may have some 
charge touching ecclesiastical reformations. Aut. p. 1. 

18. Sir Edward Dennie's note of such Englishmen as have lands 
in Kerry. 

At the castle of the Island, one of the Earl's chief houses in the 
county Kerry, dwells Sir William Harbord [Herbert] who hath a 
seignory of 12,000 acres or thereabouts ; the rent 200?. yearly. 

Mr. Charles Harbord, his kinsman, dwells at a castle of the 
Currans who hath taken a seignory of 6,000 acres besides Sir 
William's own portion. The rent 100Z. yearly. 

One Mr. Conway hath taken a place of the Earl's late escheated 
lands, of what value or quantity I know not. 

Whether any of Sir Valentine Browne's sons have any land I 
know not for certain in Kerry, I think there is some controversy 
between them and Sir William Herbert for some portion. 

Mr. Stone, the Queen's footman, and Mr. Geford have taken land 
of Her Majesty in Kerry. Geford and his wife now dwelling there. 

I myself dwell at Tralee, and after the rate of 4>d. the acre, do 
yield for 6,000 acres IQQl. yearly. 

Mr. Holies hath taken Tarbert and land thereabouts to the 
value of 3,000 acres, after 4>d. an acre, 50Z. a year. 

There is one Mr. Thomas Spring, the constable of Castel Mang 
[Castlemaine] that dwells in Kerry but hath taken none of her 
land that I know. 

These be all the English that I know dwelling in Kerry that 
have taken land of themselves. Holograph, pp. 1. 

19. Mr. Solicitor Roger Wilbraham to Walsyngham. If the 
Queen or the Lords of the Council shall write to the Lord Deputy 
that he give order that counterpanes of indentures of the Connaught 
composition be made and sealed under the great seal of Ireland 
by the deputy in Her Majesty's name to all the lords and gentlemen 
that shall require the same, that shall be as firm "and equal assurance 
from Her Majesty to them, to bind Her Highness to observe the 
covenants for discharge of cess and other impositions, as the 
province has already made to the Queen's Majesty for payment 
of the composition rent of 10 shillings every ploughland, so as the 
promise of the Right Honourable Sir John Perrot in Her Majesty's 
name may be accomplished to the inhabitants of that province. 

Memorandum. There is a note appended to this in Solicitor 
Wilbraham's hand as follows, " a copie of Mr. Solicitor's opinion of 
Ireland delivered to Sir John Perrot." Seal with arms. Aut. p. 1. 

20. Sir Thomas Norreys to Walsyngham. Relates how the 
young Lady of Clancarty has abused the lenity that hath been used 
towards her. Florence McCarthy's practise. Aut. p. 1. 


1588-9. VOL ' CXLIL 

Mar. 8. 21. Replication of John Shereff to the answer which the 
executors of Jaques Wyngfeld have made to his book. Aut. pp. 3. 

March 8. 22. Note of monies which the Earl of Kildare requires on Wallop's 
bills. (An r . March 28.) p. 1. 

March 8. 23. Sir Geo. Carewe to Walsyngham. Thanks for his assistance in 
Dublin. all hi s suits. Prays him to help his wife with money for her passage 
to Ireland. Aid. p. 1. 

March 11. 24. Justice Jessua Smythes to Walsyngham. The nearest allies, 
fosterers, and friends of Clancarthy's daughter have been examined 
and kept in durance a month, but they have not declared whither 
she has conveyed herself. Commends the bearer, Mr. Conway, 
who was sheriff of the County of Desmond last year. Report that 
Florence McCarthy was appointed Lord President of Munster by a 
Spanish Commission. [Partly printed in the Life of Florence 
McCarthy.] Aut. Seal with device, p. 1. 

March 12. 25. Sir Nicholas Bagenall to Walsyngham. To further Mr. 
Newry. Campion to the Bishoprick of Down and Connor. Aut. p. 1. 

March 14. 26. Lord Deputy Fytzwylliam to Burghley. Reports touching 
Dublin Castle, the King of Spain's new preparations for invasion. Aut. p. 1. 

26. i. Sir Richard Bingham to the Lord Deputy. The revelation 
of Ferdorogh 'Kelly of Aughrim. An Irish friar is gone to 
O'Rourke with letters from the King of Spain, giving thanks for 
his service to the distressed ships of the Armada. Robert M'Peter's 
corroborative testimony. O'Rourke is daily visited with letters and 
messengers from att parts of Ireland. March 6. Extract, p. 1. 

26. H. Sir Henry Duke to the Lord Deputy. The arrival of one 
called Ferres O'Hooin, son to the Cooharbe O'Hoom of Fermanagh. 
He is the secret messenger of Bishop Magawran and GahU 0' Conor, 
whom he left in Flanders with the Prince, labouring for forces to 
come into Ireland. He is in Maguire's country and intends to 
return into Spain. March 7. Extract, p. 1. 

26. in. Report by Christopher Arthur, being a note of all the 
news which I, Christopher Arthur of Limerick, merchant, brought 
out of Spain this present voyage for the Right Honorable Sir William 
Fytzwilliam, knight, Lord Deputy. 

These Irishmen I knmv were lost in the Spanish Army : Gerald 
Fitz James Desmond, Morris Fitz John Desmond, Thomas 
Desmond, son unto Sir John Desmond; Patrick Ronane of 
Limerick, merchant, John of all Johns. These Irishmen returned 
with the army and are noiv in the Court of Spain : Edmund 
Eustace, CahUl M'Conor, Henry O'Mullryane, John Burnett of 
Drogheda, merchant. 

I Christopher Arthur departed the city of Limierick the 25th of 
August 1588, and did continue vn Oallicia, Portugal, and An- 
dalusia until the 24>th of February by the account of tJie Spaniards 
which is by our account the I4sth of February. 



TJtere was a bark of Waterford in Bilboa at my departing 
arrested, which told in Spain tJiat the Spaniards did arryve in 
Ireland to the number of 2,000, and told that they took Athlone 
and that itiey did break the bridge of Athlone, and told that wJten 
your Lordship understood of their fortifying there you went against 
them with 8,000 soldiers as far as Athlone, and finding the bridge of 
Athlone broken by the Spaniards that your Lordship did return again 
to Dublin, and that they hold the fort. And told in like manner that 
Don Alonzo de Leva was chief of that army, and that he sent a 
present or great gift unto O'Neill, and that O'Neill sent the gift unto 
your Lordship, and also desired your Lordship to send a company 
of soldiers unto him, or else he was not able to resist the Spaniards. 

The merchants' names are : 

Edward Walshe of Waterford. 

Philip Roche of Kinsale. 

A note of such Irish Bishops as be in Spain. 

The Bishop of Kildare, called Conor O'Mulryan, is in Lisbon. 

The Bishop of Limerick, called Conor O'Buyll, is in Spain. 

The Bishop of Ross, called Philip Naghten, is in Seville. 

Doctor Comerford, a man of Waterford, is in Bayona de Gal- 

The Bishop of Ossory, a man of Waterford, is in St. James in 

There is a Bishop of Dublin in the Groyne who told that there 
^vas no Spaniards in Ireland, and by means that they and the men 
of Waterford did not agree in the neivs they were both arrested 
and all their goods until the King's pleasure were known. What 
became of them since my departing I know not. 

All the nobility of Spain were called to Court except the Duke 
of Medina and another Earl. 

Tliere were 15 gallies in St. Mary Port, 12 in Lisbon, and 
2 in Seville. 60 ships, great and small, were to depart from 
St. Lucars on March 1st, of which 13 were lading for the Indies. 

I arrived in Tradath in a ship of St. Haloes the Wth of March 
1588. March 14. Copy. pp. 2. 

March 14. 27. Lord Deputy Fytzwylliam to Walsyngham for a supply of 
Dublin Castle, money and many other wants. Aut. p. 1. Incloses, 

27. i. Sir Henry Duke to the Lord Deputy. Calendared above. 
No. 26. n. Copy. p. 1. 

27. ii. Report by ChristopJier Arthur. Copy calendared above 
No. 26. in. March 14. Copy. pp. 2. 

March 14. 28. Lord Deputy to Burghley. For a supply of munition. 
Dublin Castle. Autograph, p. 1. Incloses, 

28. i. Note under the hand of Sir George Carew of munitions 
to be supplied for the garrison of Ireland. March 14. Copy, 
p. I. 


1588-9. VOL.CXLII. 

March 14. 29. Lord Deputy to Walsyngham for supply of munition. Aut. 

Dublin Castle, j). 1. Incloses, 

29. I. Note of munitions to be supplied for furnishing the garrison 
of Ireland. Copy. p. I. 1588-9, March. 

March 14. 30. The humble requests and demands of Ferdorough O'Kelly of 
Aughrim, gentleman, to the Lord General of Her Majesty's forces, 
and Sir Geffrey Fenton, knight, Her Majesty's Commissioners for 
the causes of Connaught. Asks to be received to mercy, and 
that a protection may be granted to him and his kinsmen and 
followers. He absented himself because he was afraid of his life. 
Complains of the harsh treatment he has received from Sir 
Richard Bingham. Requests that Sir Richard be removed from 
the government of the province, and that some "plausible and 
conscionable gentleman " be appointed to rule there. Will never 
go where Sir Richard Bingham has government. All the province 
are of the same mind, as will appear by their complaints. He begs 
for the allowance of the penny rent which his fathers before him 
received without seeking or demanding of any Irish exactions, 
cuttings, or spendings, or any the like. He asks leave to hold the 
castle of Callowe for 20 days. Wishes their Lordships to hear and 
determine who has the best right to the place. He promises to 
allow Mr. Francis Shane to reap and take away the corn. He begs 
that the terms of the composition betwixt Her Majesty and the 
freeholders and inhabitants of the Kelly's country may be observed 
towards them. 

Marginal Notes signed by Norreys and Fenton. Ferdorough 
will receive protection and pardon. Her Majesty will take order 
for the just government of the province and the observing of the 
composition. The allowance of the penny rent will be favourably 
recommended to the Lord Deputy and Council. He is allowed 15 
days to give up the castle of Callowe. pp. 3. 

March 14. 31. Note touching the manor of Achryme, in Connaught, 
challenged by the Earl of Ormond to be his own. It hath belonging 
to it two or four quarters of land which ought only to be free so long 
as Her Majesty's pleasure is that the said Earl's lands should be free. 
Ferdorough O'Kelly, tenant to the said Earl, hath of his own inheri- 
tance a country called Toaghavriana, which by the last composition 
ought to pay 40. to Her Majesty per annum ; and because that the 
Earl's lands by Her Majesty's order are free in all places, he saith that 
this land is the Earl's inheritance, and under colour thereof would free 
the whole, whereof the Earl hath no commodity but a small chiefry 
out of the manor, so as whether it be the Earl's or not, Her Majesty 
hath lost the said 40Z. a year for these two years past at May 
next. This country of Toaghavriana by the testimony of the chief 
and ancient gentlemen there bare cesse, bonnaught and all other 
impositions to O'Kelly. p. 1. 

March 14. 32. Copy of the above, p. 1. 


1588-9. XLH - 

March 15. 33. Notes for the chargeable lands forfeited to Her Majesty, with 
instructions for commissioners, pp. 1. 

March 19. 34. Note of the speeches which passed at the conference which 
G. Comerf ord and Capt. William Bowen, sheriff of Mayo, held with 
the Burks of Mayo and their accomplices in action, Sir Morogh, 
the O'Flaherties, the Joys, and Clandonnels, who steadfastly persist 
in demanding that William Burke should be created and made 
MacWilliam. Copy. pp. 2. 

March [23]. 35. Note of matters wherewith to charge Florence MacCarty. 
Mention of Edw. Bermingham, Donnogh O'Connor, a tailor, Allen 
Martin, &c. p. 1. 

Mar. [23]. 36. Articles to be ministered unto Florence McCarty. [Printed in 
the Life of Florence McCarthy, pp. 68, 69.] p. 1. 

March 23. 37. Examination taken of Florence McCarty. His acquaintance 
with Sir William Stanley, Wm. Hurley, Allen Martin. Printed in 
the Life of Florence McCarthy, p. 69. p. 1. 

March 24. 38. Earl of Ormond to Burghley to take order for payment of 
certain warrants which have been long in Mr. Petre's hand. Hoi. 
p. I. 

March 24. 39. Nicholas Browne to Sir Edward Denny. Safe return of the 
expedition into Kerry after much suffering of frost, cold, and 
hunger. He is discouraged at Sir William Herbert's likelihood to 
have Ballymacdaniel. Holog. p. 1. 

March 24. 40. Draft of an establishment for Connaught and a note for 
Mr. [John] Garvey to have the Archbishoprick of Armagh. 

41. Note of certain things which Justice Walshe desires to have. 

Mar. 25. 42. Sir Warham Sentleger to Walsyngham. Assures Walsyngham 
Cork. that Cormock M'Dermod McCarthy has been held the rightful 
inheritor of Muskerry since he knew Ireland, which is upwards of 
23 years. Aut p. 1. 

Mar. 25. 43. Sir N. White, Master of the Kolls, to Lord Burghley. Corn- 
Dublin, mends Connock M'Dermot M'Carty, inheritor of the country of 
Muskery, for his forwardness in finding Her Majesty's army. The 
bearer, Nicholas Skiddy, much commended. Autog. p. 1. 

Mar. 25. 44. The title of Cormock M'Dermod for Muskry, and so much as 
can be said against him, for Cormock Oge McCarthy now com- 
mencing suit against him before the Privy Council, pp. 2. 

Mar. 25. 45. Note by Petre of Irish debts sued for in England, p. 1. 

Mar. 25. 46. Note of the remain due to the Countess of Desmond upon her 
pension, p. 1. 




Mar. 25. 47. Petition of Eleanor, Countess of Desmond, to the Privy 
Council, that she may have payment of her pension out of the 
Exchequer in England, p. 1. 

Mar. 26. 48. Treasurer Wallop to Burghley. His bills given to Borran and 
Dublin. the Earl of Kildare. Wallop's horses sent to Chester. He intends 
to embark in 12 days. Aut. pp. 2. 

Mar. 26. 49. Sir George Carewe, Master of the Ordnance in Ireland, to 
Athlone. Walsyngham, that the horsemen under his charge may continue in 
sterling pay. Autog. p. 1. 

Mar. 26. Copy of above. [Entry Book, Ireland, FoL Vol. XII. p. 237.] p. 1. 

Mar. 26. 50. Donnogh, Earl of Thomond, to Burghley. For payment of 
280Z. to carry him home. Autog. p. 1. 

Mar. 26. 51. Note in Petre's hand of 279Z. 17s. due to Donnogh, Earl of 
Thomond. p. 1. 

Mar. 27. 52. Words spoken by the Lord Deputy Fytzwylliam that concern 
Sir John Perrot, with Sir John Perrot's reply, p. 1. 

Mar. 27. 53. Sir R Greynvile to Sir F. Walsyngham. The bearer, Nicholas 

Gilly Abbey, Skiddy's honest disposition, and good advice to Connock M'Dermod 

by Cork. Carty, captain of Muskerry, whose sister he has married. Aut. p. 1. 

Mar. 27. 54. The Undertakers, Bowrchier, Herbert, and Hyde to the Privy 
Dublin. Council. The inconvenience they experience for want of their lands 
being bounded. Pray for a commission to be granted to the effect 
of the draft sent by Mr. Arthur Robins, p. 1. 

Mar. 27. Copy. [Entry Book, Ireland, FoL Vol. XII. p. 238.] p. 1. 

Mar. 28. 55. Lord Dunsany to Burghley. That his debt may be presently 
answered, p. 1. 

Mar. 28. 56. Note of the Earl of Kildare's bill of 311?. 14s. 8d. p. 1. 

Mar. 31. 57. Lord Deputy and Council to the Privy Council. The road 

Dublin Castle, against M'Mahon for the murder of Captain Willis and expulsion of 

his soldiers. The Earl of Tyrone refuses to restore the land leased 

to him by Sir Tirlogh Lynogh O'Neill. The commotion likely to be 

raised between them. Desire instructions. Autographs, pp. 2. 

Copy of the above. [Entry Book, Ireland, Fol. Vol. XII. p. 239.] 
pp. 2. Inclose, 

57. i. Sir Rose M'Maghowne to the Lord Deputy. His country 
reduced to ashes by Sir Henry BagenaU, &c. Prays that Sir H. 
Bagenall may be authorised to treat with him, and he will receive a 
sheriff into his country. Copy. p. 1. 

Another copy. [Entry Book, Ireland. Fol. Vol. XII. p. 241.] 

57. ii. Hugh, Earl of Tyrone, to Secretary Fenton. His steadfast 
purpose not to give up the land to Sir Tirlogh Lynogh O'Neill 
according to promise. Will lose his life sooner than do so, at least 
till he goes before Her Majesty. Dungannon, March 11. Copy. p. 1. 



March 31. 58. Lord Deputy FytzwyJliam to Burghley. Need of treasure. 

Dublin Castle. Great burthen of the victualling. The Earl of Clanricard has ever 
carried himself becoming his quality. O'Rourk's waywardness. 
Browne and 20 Irishmen in his company slain by the Burks and Joys. 
Feagh M'Hugh O'Byrne has offered a private wrong to Hugh Duff 
M'Donel who dwelleth at the Castle of Arcklo. The matter of the 
O'Farrels waxeth daily worse and worse. The suit of O'Connor 
Sligo. Is glad to hear that Florence M'Carthy is sent to the Tower 
of London, pp. 3. Incloses, 

58. 1. Lord Deputy and Council to tJie Privy Council. Copy. 
Calendared above, p. 139, No. 57. pp. 2. 

58. ii. Sir Rose M'Maghowne to the Lord Deputy. Copy. p. 1. 
Calendared above, No. 57. i. 

58. in. Tironeto Fenton, March 11. p. I. Calendared above, No. 
57 ii. 

March 31: 59. Lord Deputy to Walsyngham. Notice of Walsyngham 

Dublin Castle, having withdrawn himself from public causes for the recovery of his 
health. Intends to draw the Council down to the north to settle 
the contention between the Earl of Tyrone and Sir Tirlogh Lynogh. 
Quietness of Munster. Constableship of Dublin Castle. The 
constableship of Limerick bestowed on Fytzwylliam's old servant 
Chichester, who hath painfully followed him from his childhood. 
The office of Keeper of the Records sold by Paul Mallard to Fytton: 
The Pacquet directed to Mr. Woolley. Aut. pp. 2. Incloses, 

March 31. 59. I. Lord Deputy and Council to the Privy Council. Copy. 

Dublin Castle. Calendared above, pp. 2. 

59. ii. Sir Rose M'Maghowne to the Lord Deputy. Copy. Calen- 
dared above, p. 1. 

March 31: 60. Lady Anne Fytzwylliam (sister of Sir Henry Sydney) to 
Dublin Castle. Walsyngham. Thanks for his courtesy to John, her younger son, 
in regard of the Spanish prisoners. Autograph thus, Y 0r ho. asured 
to comaund : A : Fitzwylliam. 

March 31. 61. Pa. Foxe to Walsyngham. Sir Morogh Ne Doe O'Flaherty 
Dublin. has broken all his castles and is now in action of rebellion. Robert 
Dillon, the sheriff appointed for Maguire's country, taken prisoner 
by M'Hugh Oge, after a conflict in which 52 of the sheriffs men 
wer"e slain. O'Rourke wished the sheriff appointed for his country 
to shift elsewhere for an office. Feagh M'Hugh O'Byrne did appre- 
hend Hugh Duff M'DonelTs wife. Aut. p. 1. 

March 31. 62. Pa. Foxe to Walsyngham : touching the unkindness of his 
Dublin. brother-in-law who will not suffer his continuance in the room of 
an ordinary clerk. Aut. p. 1. 

March 31. 63. Florence M'Carthy to He is uncertain when he 

Tower. shall return to Ireland. Desires certain apparel and three books 
to be sent for him to Mistress Catherine Butler at Mrs. Glass's, in 
King Street, Westminster. On the back is copy of the articles of 
the 23rd of March. Draft. Printed in the Life of Florence 
M'Carthy, p. 69. Copy. p. 2. 



,~ Qn 

March 31. 





64. Muster Book of Ireland being money 18,948. 17s. 
Irish men 1,993, whereof discharged 212 and dead 1. Under the 
hand of Sir Thomas Williams, pp. 14. 

65. The profits appertaining to the Secretary of Ireland, Sir Geff. 
Fenton, being 1061. 13s. 4>d. per annum, p. 1. 

66. The answer of Sir John Perrot to certain articles objected 
against him by an unknown informer. The Indentures for the 
Connaught Composition. The Lord Deputy's robes.' The cause of 
the O'Ferrals. O'Connor Sligo. pp. 3. 

67. Reply to Sir John Perrot's answer to an objection concerning 
the composition lately made in Connaught. pp. 2. ; 


April 1 ; 1. Lord Deputy to John Woolley, Esq., Latin Secretary. Walsyng- 
Dubiin Castle, ham's absence from Court for the recovery of his health. Compli- 
ments him for that Her Majesty hath pleased to make choice of 
him to hold the office during Walsyngham's recovery. Prays 
earnestly for money. Aut. p. J. 

April 3. 2. Mr. Garret Fitzgarret to Burghley touching payment of 100. 
now allowed him by warrant. Awt. p. 1. 

April 5. 


3. Commission to Sir R. Bingham and others to deal with the 
rebels in Connaught. Copy. pp. 2. Together with 
April 5. Instructions to the Commissioners repairing into Connaught. 
Dublin Castle. Copy. pp. 2. Calendared below, Nos. 12. xn. and xui. 

April 5. 4. Muster of the soldiers of Captain George Thornton, Provost 
AttheBroofe. Marshal, taken by John Stawton, Deputy Clerk of the Cheque. 
p. 1. 

April 6; 5. Sir Richard Bingham to Burghley. Answer to false 
Dublin. accusations. How naughtily O'Rourke hath always earned him- 
self. His murder of Shane M'Higgan. He caused a picture of 
Her Majesty to be drawn at a horse tail and kept his Christmas 
according to the Pope's computation. He has not been meddled 
with for these three years. He declares the King of Spain will come 
and serve him. The many cows that O'Rourke's wife is said to 
have given to Sir Richard and Lady Byngham declared. Prays 
Burghley to suppress the letter which he incloses of the Lord 
Deputy. How Sir Morrogh Ne Doe O' Flaherty ferried 600 men over 
Lough Corrib and burned all Clanmorris. Overthrow of the rebels 
and rescue of 3,000 cows and garrans. Six or seven score slain 




April 6. 




April 8. 



April 9. 
Dublin Castle. 

vox. cxLin. 

with their chief captain Teig O'Flaherty. Extent of Sligo. Chief 
rent in the Baronies of Terera, Tererell, and Laynie. The Composition 
of Connaught. Hindrance of the service by Bingham's summons to 
Dublin: Aut. pp. 6. Incloses, 

5. 1. Lord Deputy Fytzwyllwm to Sir Richard Byngham. His 
intended journey against M'Mahon. He purposes to attack 
O'Rourke and invites Sir R. Byngham to do his best against him 
at the same time. March 19, Dublin. Copy. p. 1. 

5. ii. Note of Sir Richard Bingham's entertainments in Con- 
naught. April 6. p. 1. 

Map of the County of Sligo sent from Sir Richard Bingham to 
Burghley. Irish Maps, Fol. Vol. XII., No: 24. April 6. p. 1. 

6: Sir R: Bingham to Walsyngham. The complaints and infor- 
mations made to Her Majesty against Byngham are false. To give 
thanks to Treasurer Wallop for his great courtesy and well using of 
Byngham. Aut. p. 1. 

7. Sir N. White, Master of the Rolls, to Lord Burghley. Great 
killing on both sides in Connaught. The bishops of Meath and 
Kilmore, Justice Dillon, and the writer appointed Commissioners to 
pacify Connaught. MacMahon's insolence bearing himself much 
upon his father-in-law the Earl of Tyrone. O'Donnell's demand for 
the enlargement of Hugh Roe O'Donnell, the son of the Scotch 
woman. Sir Turlough Lynagh O'Neill has disavowed Sir Arte 
O'Neill for his son, and adopted Con, son of Shane O'Neill, to whom 
he has committed the safety of his person. Aut. pp. 2. 

8. Pa Foxe to Walsyngham. Two of Sir Morough Ne Doe 
O'Flaherty's sons have died since Teig. Sir Richard Byngham's 
happy success. M'Hugh Oge's protection. The Earl of Tyrone has 
come to Dublin to answer a heinous matter laid to his charge by 
Hugh Gavlagh O'Neill, Shane O'Neill's son. Feagh M'Hugh O'Byrne, 
watcheth his time for mischief. Aut. p. 1. 

9. Muster of the ward of Askeaton, where Sir Edward Barkley 
is constable, taken by John Stoughton, deputy muster master, p. 1. 

10. Remembrance of money due to Francis Jobson and Captain 
Giles Cornwall, pp. 2. 

11. Francis Jobson to [probably the Lord Deputy] for payment of 
his concordatum of 20Z. by Kettlewell or Hopper. Aut. p. 2. 

12. Lord Deputy Fytzwilliam to Burghley. Cannot omit to 
satisfy his Lordship touching a report made of Sir Richard Bingham's 
hard dealing with O'Rourke, who it is reported, being by fair 
speeches and promises allured to come to Sir Richard Bingham 
was forced for the safety of his life to escape in a boat. The truth 
is as follows : 

O'Rourke about two or three years since having found in a church 
or in some other place an image of a tall woman wrote upon the 


, , tt0 VOL. CXLIII. 


breast thereof QUEEN ELIZABETH, which done he presently fell with 
such spiteful and traitorous speeches to rail at it, and otherwise so 
filthily to use it, as I protest unto your Lordship I abhor to 
remember, and can by no means frame my pen to write. During 
which time his barbarous gallowglasses standing by played their 
parts as fast, who with their gallowglass axes striking the image 
one while on the head, another while on the face, and sometimes 
stabbing it in the body, never ceased until with hacking, and 
mangling they had utterly defaced it. And being nevertheless 
not contented herewith they, the more to manifest the malice of 
their traitorous hearts, fastened a halter about the neck of the image, 
and tying it to a horse tail dragged it along upon the ground, and 
so beating it with their axes, and railing most despitefully at it 
they finished their traitorous pageant. The report hereof soon 
after being brought to Sir Richard Bingham, he not able to endure 
that so savage a traitor should live, secretly one night taking his 
footband with him marched towards O'Rourke, intending before he 
could have had notice thereof suddenly to have surprised him in 
his house, being situate on a plot of ground environed about with 
a great lough. But good endeavours have not ever best success. 
It happened that Sir Richard with his company being approached 
near to the lough side, they were through the brightness of the 
night by reason of a great fall of snow, discovered by some of 
O'Rourke's servants, who presently raising the cry, O'Rourke there- 
upon suspecting that somebody was coming leapt into a boat on 
the other side of the lough, and fled away into the woods and fast- 
ness of his country. This is the truth and circumstances of 
O'Rourke's flying away in a boat. 

Prays for favour to the Lord Chancellor of Ireland against whom 
Sir John Perrot bears malice. Requests his Lordship's countenance 
and assistance for his [Fytzwylliam's] son-in-law Mr.[Thomas]Conys- 
bye, of Herefordshire, who is in London for the following of some 
weighty causes. Aut. pp. 2. Incloses, 

12. i. Lord Deputy and Council to the Privy Council. April 
10, Dublin. Calendared at its date, p. 148, No. 15. pp. 2. Incloses, 

12. ii. Tho. Nolan to [Sir R. Bingham]. My stay here to provide 
victuals and necessaries for the guard of my house, and to take 
order for my small- cattle which I sent into Thomond were the 
occasions that I have not before this written. Touching the pledges 
exchanged by Mr. Browne since tfie last troubles, he had the eldest 
son of the blind Abbot, Richard Burke, whom he exchanged for his 
brother Shane Burke a young boy ; lie detained him till the Abbot 
was taken, he then released the boy, and afterwards released the 
Abbot, and took the boy of him, who was lately executed. He had 
the Devil's Hook's son, whom he released without any exchange. 
He had Gylla Duff M'Gybbon and Richard Oge M'Gybbon, two of 
the principal men of the Clangibbons ; they were released without 
any exchange. He had Ustian's son as pledge for the sept of Hugh 
Boy M'Donnell, and him he released without any pledge taken for 
that sept. He had two of the several septs of the Joys, Richard Oge, 




an old 'man lately executed, ami Feagh M' William Gmna, who ivas 
released without any exchange for him before All Saints day laxt. 
Walter Ne Molley Burke had continual access in the night-time for 
10 days togettier to Sir Morough Ne Doe, and then all tJte plot of 
this rebellion was laid down, and they combined together. About 
that time Walter Burke in the night-time killed one Will Keaghe 
servant unto Mr. Browne, yet Mr. Browne procured for Walter a 
protection for the committing of that fact. About a fortnight after 
Walter's brother Shane Burke murdered two honest men of the 
English Pale near Ballenrobba. Then Sir Morough Ne Doe had 
conference with all the O'Flahertys, and joined them all to him 
except one Roger 'Flaherty. After that he ttad conference ivith the 
Devil's Hook, the Joys, and the sept of Ulick Burke, and Walter Ne 
Molley at Inchemeane, M'Tybbott's house, and in the Partree, and 
there all the combination was agreed upon, and since Walter BurJcc 
and the rest were upon their keeping. Walter did transport the 
most part of his corn into the Joys' country a month before Christmas. 
The Devil's Hook, the blind Abbot's sons, and the rest gathered 80 or 
100 men together, and took meat and drink wliere they listed. 
They came one night to Darby Moran's, a soldier's house at Ballin- 
tubber, commanding his wife to make them good cheer, and said 
that if she had welcomed and cheered them willingly and the best 
she could, she would have no thanks for her cost and goodwill. 
They came about that time to Nic. Lawleis, an honest civil man's 
house near Mayo, in an evening drank and spoiled six barrels of 
drink, wasted other victuals, and put the poor man in danger of 
his life. The next day they came to Allen M'Donntll's house near 
Lethinsie in that number, and cessed themselves in the villages 
thereabouts. Immediately after they came up as far as the river of 
Clongowle or Ballenrobba, cessed themselves upon the Rochfords, 
Malods, and Clannevallies, and going thus in troops to the terror 
of the subjects. Mr. Browne did write unto your worship of their 
insolencies. This rebellion is no sudden act, but a matter long 
agreed on. Copy. March 19, Crynethe. pp. 2. 

12. in. [Sir R. Bingham] to [the Lord Deputy.] Mr. Comer- 
ford's parley with the rebels. The kind of peace concluded with 
them for a fortnight undone by the Spanish priest of Sir Morough 
Ne- Doe's before the next 'morning. The priest gives them flesh to eat 
all Lent, and promises that the King of Spain's forces shall come 
presently. Extract. 1588-9, March 24. p. 1. 

12. iv. Oer. Comerforde to Sir R. Bingham. The Bourkes, Joys, 
and 0' Flaherties are joined in rebellion through the earnest per- 
suasion of a Spanish priest, who absolves them freely. Sir Morogh 
Ne Doe has 500?. promised for joining, and has resolved to suffer 
his son to be executed. The rebels have taken Turrane and assaulted 
Castle Carraughe. He will repair to Galway, being summoned by 
Wittiam Martin to do somewhat by Bingham 's direction. Intends 
to meet the Lord Deputy at Athlone. The rebels have taken Turrane, 
and assaulted Castle Carraughe. Capt. Weekes. Copy. 1588-9, 
March 15, Cnyvie. p. 1. 


1589 VOL. CXLIII. 

12. v. Note of the Conference of Gerald Comerforde, Attorney of 
Connaugfit, and Capt. William Bowen, Sheriff of Mayo, with 
William Burke, alias the Blind Abbot, and the rebels of Mayo. 
Complaint of hard dealings by John Browne, of the Neale, late 
deceased. Their demand for the creation of a M' William. Copy, 
pp. 2. March 19. 

12. vi. Qer. Comerforde to the Lord Deputy. The Burkes of Mayo, 
Sir Morough Ne Doe 'Flaherty, and the Joys, having combined to- 
gether contended for the leading of their forces to annoy the Queen's 
good subjects, and have resolved that he which would commit the 
greatest offence against Her Highness should be tJie ringleader of 
the rest. Sir Morough Ne Doe, with 500 or 600 men, entered Mayo, 
wltere he stayed with a few men, and sent his eldest son Teig to the 
County of Galway with the rest of his forces to burn and prey as 
'many of Her Majesty's subjects as they could light upon. And after 
having burned 16 towns and taken 3,000 head of cattle, they came 
to Edward Bremingham's town and burned the same. Captain 
Bingliam and Captain Weekes being then drawn towards that part 
of the country, by good fortune lighted upon the rebels and 
courageously set upon them, and gave them the overthrow, and had the 
killing of about 1 40 of them. Teig 0' Flaherty, the ringleader,was slain. 
After this victory such as escaped the sword, to the number of 180, 
joined together near where I ^vas, and I fell upon them with only six 
shot, seven footmen, and four horsemen, and had the killing of 24 of 
them. This happy success of the soldiers has discouraged many bad 
members. Yet the Burkes are resolved to be as good as their word, 
and to attempt what they may to have the leading of Sir Morough 
and his forces. They arrogantly demand to have a M' William, 
These people will never be obedient subjects until they be cut off, for 
daily they are making Gallowglass axes, and other weapons, and 
yet have they great store of shot and poivder and munition of the 
Spaniards, and are rich by their means. 1589, March 29, Towrynd. 
Copy. p. 1. 

12. vn. Lieut. Francis Bingham to Sir R. Bingham. I met Capt. 
Weekes the 27th of March, and so drawing towards the camp neivs 
ivas brought us the- next day at night that the rebels were preying 
and burning all the country towards BallemuUen, and so we 
marched towards them with all speed, and overtook them at Castle 
Annacare, where they had gathered the prey of 13 towns, who, seeing 
us come marching, displayed two guidons at the first, and when tJtey 
saw both our colours displayed they displayed six more, and then 
retired into a piece of ground of advantage, and put a hedge of 
bushes between us and them, and presently joined battle with us, 
and gave a marvellous hard attempt at the first, so when their at- 
tempt ivas withstood they broke so that there and in the chase we 
had the killing of 100 and odd. That night we had two prisoners 
brought unto us which we put to the snuord, and the morrow after 
being Easter Sunday our boys found four more sore hurt in a 

P41. K 

1 3 


, - Bn VOL. CXLIII. 


house, which we executed also, and ^ve fiad in Tibbot Boy's castle 11, 
whereof we executed 10, and the other Captain WeeJces fiath away 
with him in hope to get his life. There are divers hurt and maimed 
in the country about which we, know not certainly as yet. As I 
understand three of Sir Morough's sons are slain. There was got- 
ten of their furniture 63 pieces, besides other furnitures, as morions, 
swords, sculls,and targets, and there was taken away four of their gui- 
dons. We camped that night at Clogher, and from thence mardied to 
Tuam to get some meat for our company. Here is with trie Lieut. 
Willons and Mr. Perry, who is sergeant till your pleasure be known. 
They brought 30 proper men, and were retained by my uncle Sir 
George Bingham, and they be both proper men. 1589, March 30, 
Tuam. Copy. p. 1. 

12. viii. Capt. Edward Birmingham to Sir Lucas^ Dillon. So 
it is that on Saturday last in the morning Teig 0' Flaherty, eldest 
son of Sir Morough ne Doe, accompanied by three of his brethren 
and 500 more, came to the Borders where I dwell, and there did 
burn and prey 16 towns. Whereof the said Teig accompanied with 
some 100 came to my town, and there did assault my castle valiantly. 
I being wett provided did put them from tliat purpose to their great 
loss, for I did kill two of his gentlemen at the castle door, and Jiadfour 
of his men hurt and buried. He burned half the town and all my 
corn, and carried my prey with him. Two bands of soldiers being 
eastward of me six miles, I did send unto desiring that they 'might 
make with my guide where I should meet them, and the passage 
where the rebels should pass. The captains, by name Capt. Weekes 
and Lieut. Bingham, making no delay issued out, and, I certifying 
in their journey where to come and the brave service at hand, made 
their repair to the place appointed by me, which was from thence 
they came 10 'miles. I having the enemies in sight still, till I 'met 
the soldiers, where I 'brought them face to face at the gates of the 
Carre in the barony of Kyllmaynam in the county of Mayo, where 
the enemy did prepare them vn, battle array and came against us. 
The soldiers not neglecting their time went against them ; there was 
a volley of shot on both sides. They came to the push of the pike 
with great courage, where the said Teig 'Flaherty was slain with 
eight of his company. Then they were disordered, and I with six 
horsemen of 'mine and eight footmen being beside our battle as a 
wing ready to charge upon\ the breach, did charge, where I struck 
their guidon under his 'morion with my staf, and ran him through 
in the face of the battle. I followed another and had him down, 
and so did my horsemen kill five 'more at that charge. We had not 
six score of ground to deal with item when they recovered a main 
bog. Three of my horsemen and eight footmen did kill of them in 
the bog 16. Her Majesty's Attorney in that province (Mr. Comer- 
ford), understanding of their disordering, issued forth where he met 
of them and did slay 1 6. Divers others in their flight did kill of 
them, so that 1 account there is slain of them 80 and upwards. The 
Attorney and I brought the head of Teig 0' Flaherty to Sir Richard 
yesternight, who was "ivonderful" glad, for this Teig was the stoutest 


1589. VOL.CXLIII. 

man in this province and could do most. I have recovered all my 
losses by this means, so I may have the credit of my service which I 
hope and refer to your accustomed goodness towards me to be 
exalted. The victory was great on our side, the Lord be praised, 
considering their number. We lost but one soldier. The Attorney, 
Mr. Comerford, hath done very well. The Captains did as much as 
could be required at their hands, and deserved very well, which 1 
desire your worship to certify to my Lord Deputy. Sir Richard is 
very thankful, and doth promise he will see me have the reward of 
my service. 1589, March 31, Athlone. Copy. pp. 2. 

12. ix. Capt. E. Bermingham to Sir L. DUlon. I forgot in my 
former letter to write of the Burkes who are here in action of re- 
bellion, a great number and reasonably well appointed. They not 
only showed their malicious mind in destroying Her Majesty s sub- 
jects, as burning and killing, but also did assemble and confederate 
with the Spaniards upon their last coming. And for better proof 
hereof they do as yet support certain of them, and do daily expect the 
coming of strangers, for ^vhom tJiey provide to the uttermost of their 
power. All the Clandonnells save two have gone with them, and 
have made of late 400 gallowglass axes. They would needs have a 
M' William amongst them, and that to continue as accustomed, 
othenvise they will 'make no peace. 

Their pride is soon abated, yet the tolerance they have hath and 
doth daily encourage them. It is reported that my Lord Deputy 
comes hither to conclude a peace with them. That conclusion is to 
strengthen them attending the coming of strangers, assuring your 
worship if they be not presently persecuted and followed it will grow 
to inconvenience. The matter is not so dangerous in banishing 
them, and with'little charges to Her Majesty it may be done, there- 
fore, good sir, further their destruction with expedition, otherwise all 
we of civil inclination are like to refuse our territories. And the 
tolerance used to them no doubt the overthroiv of the province. lam 
assured to be followed for the revenge of this last service to their 

If the service be not followed I will repair homewards shortly, and 
towards your worship. 

Postscript. / was troubled with certain of my friends in my 
castle upon the assault, by name my sister, Marie Hussey, my wife, 
and four gentlewomen more of the Pale, who wished themselves in 
their graves. 1589, Ap/t4l 1. Copy. p. 1. 

12. x. Robert Fowle, Provost Marshal of Connaught, to the Lord 
Deputy. He sent a messenger to the Bourks and Sir Morough Ne 
Doe to urge their repair to meet the Lord Deputy at Athlone. The 
Burks endeavour to shadow their evil doings by the hard and 
crooked measures they alleged to be offered than by the Chief Com- 
missioner. The prey of the Barony of Dunmore. The Burks' 
country should be wasted to prevent any new force of Spaniards 
being relieved. 1589, April 3, Fertymore. Copy. p. 1. 

K 2 


1589. VO..CXLIII. 

12, xi. Names of the chief rebels in Connaught. 1589, April. 

12. xu. Commission from the Lord Deputy and Council to Sir 
Richard Byngham, the Bishop of Heath, and others to deal with the 
rebels in Connaught 1589, April 5, Dublin Castle. Copy. pp. 2. 

12. xin. Instructions to the Commissioners repairing into Con- 
naught. Protection to be sent to Sir Aforrogh Ne Doe O 'Flaherty 
[the Joys] and other of the. Bourks now in rebellion. Tftey sJiall 
not have a MacWilliam and shall have sheriffs. Copy. 1589, 
April 5, Dublin Castle, pp. 2. 

12. xiv. Act entered in the Council Book touching the rebellion 
of the Burks of ClanwiUiam and other Septs. Reciting a letter 
dated March 26, Galway, from the Mayor of Galway to the Lord 
Deputy. Sir Morogh Ne Doe has broken down his. castle of Aghen- 
enure, and is about to break the rest of his castles in lerconnaght, 
and meaneth to maintain his rebellion in the fastness. The rebels 
are upon 2,000 men, and have much furniture out of the Spanish 
wrecks with the great ordnance out of three ships and about 20 
Spaniards. The Spaniards not able to bear the poverty of the 
Irish education. Dublin Castle, April 5. Copy. Also names of 
chief rebels, pp. 5. 

April 9. 13. Mr. John Merbury to Burghley. Prays for payment of 
182L 10s. due to him, as he has been called to his service in 
Connaught, and has no means of leaving London without his pay. 
The collection of the composition rent of Connaught. [Autog] p. 1. 

April 9. 14. Petition of John Merbury to the Privy Council for his full 
pay, being 205?. 10s. Desires an increase of pay or to be restored 
to the coUectorship of the composition of Connaught. p. 1. 

April 10. 15. Lord Deputy and Council to the Privy Council. Many of 
Dublin. the Burks of Clanwilliam rebel. The Joys and Clandonnels drawn 
in. Sir Morrogh Ne Doe, chief of the O'Flaherties, bearing himself 
not a little upon certain Spaniards retained by him, hath with great 
pride, with banner displayed, and 600 well-appointed rebels, set 
upon certain forces of Sir Richard Bingham, but was repressed. 
Five of the Council sent with Sir Richard Byngham to pacify the 
Connaught rebels with full powers to Sir Richard to chastise the 
refractory. Autographs, pp. 2. 

April 10. Copy of the above. [Entry Book, Ireland, Folios, VoL XII., 
p. 245.] pp. 2. Inclose, 

15. 1. Thomas Nolan to [Sir Ric. Byngham]. Copy. Calen- 
dared p. 143, No. 12. IL 1588-9, March 19, Crynethe. pp. 2. 

15. n. [Sir R. Byngham] to [the Lord Deputy]. Extract. Ca- 
lendared at p. 144, No. 12. in. 1588-9, March 24. p. 1. 

15. in. Gerald Comerford to Sir Richard Bingham. Copy. 
Calendared at p. 144, No. 12. iv., 1588-9, March 15, Cnyvie. 
p. I. 


1589. VOL.CXLIH. 

15. iv. Note of such speeches as passed betwixt Gerrot Comerford, 
and Capt. Wm. Bmven, tlie Commissioners ^vith the rebels of Mayo. 
Copy. Calendared p. 145, No. 12. v. 1588-9, March 19. pp. 2. 

15. v. Francis Bingham to Sir Ric. Bingham. Copy. Calen- 
dared p. 145, No. 12. vn. 1589, March 30. p. 1. 

15. vi. Capt Edward Bermingham to Sir Lucas Dillon. Co- 
. lendaredp. 146, No. 12. vm. 1589, March 31, Athlone. pp. 2. 

15. vn. Capt. Edw. Bermingham to Sir L. Dillon. Copy. Calen- 
dared p. 147, No. 12. EX. 1589, April 1. pp. 2. 

15. vm. Robert Fowle, Provost Marshal, to the Lord Deputy. 
Calendared at p. 147, No. 12. x. 1589, April 3, Fertymore. p. 1. 

15. ix. Commission to Sir R. Bingham and others to deal with 
rebels. Copy. Calendared p. 148, No. 12. xil. 1589, April 5, 
Dublin, pp. 2. 

15. x. Instructions for the Commissioners to deal with the rebels. 
Copy. Calendared at p. 148, No. 12. xm. 1589, April 5, Dublin 
Castle, pp. 2. 

15. xi. Act entered in the Council Book, touching the rebellion 
of the Burkes and others in Connaught. 1589, April 5, Dublin 
Castle. Reciting a letter from the Mayor of Galway to the Lord 
Deputy. Calendared at p. 148, No. 12. xrv. Copy. pp. 5. 

April 10. [Note. The following copy of the letter to the Privy Council, 
together with the copies of the inclosures, was sent to Sir Francis 
Walsyngham, but the letter which they accompanied is wanting.] 

April 10. 16. Lord Deputy and Council to the Privy Council. Copy. 
Dublin. Calendared above, p. 148, No. 15. pp. 2. Inclose, 

16. i. Thomas Nolan to [Sir R. Bingham]. Copy. Calen- 
dared above, p. 143, No. 12. II. 1588-9, March 19, Crynethe. pp. 2. 

16. n. [Sir R. Bingham] to [the Lord Deputy]. Extract. Ca- 
lendared above, p. 144, No. 12. HI. p. 1. 1588-9, March 24. 

16. HI. Ger. Comerforde to Sir R Bingham. Copy. Calendared 
above, p. 144, No. 12. iv. 1588-9, March 15, Cnyvie. p. 1. 

16. iv. Note of such speeches as past betwixt the Commissioners 
and the rebels. Copy. Calendared above, p. 145, No. 12. v. 1588-9, 
March 19. pp. 2. 

16. v. Ger. Comerforde to the Lord Deputy. Copy. Calendared 
above, p. 145, No. 12. vi. 1589, March 29, Towrend. pp. 2. 

16. vi. F. Bingham to Sir R. Bingham. Copy. Calendared 
above, p. 145, No. 12. vn. 1589, March 30, Tuam. p. 1. 

16. vii. Capt. Edward Bermingham to Sir Lucas Ditton. 
Calendared above, p. 146, No. 12. vin. March 31, Athlone. pp. 2. 

1 3 * 


1589. or " CXLI11 - 

16. VIIL Capt. Edward Bermingham to Sir L. Dillon. Copy. 
Calendared above, p. 147, No. 12. ix. 1589, April 1. 

16. ix. Robt. Fowle to the Lord Deputy. Copy. Calendared 
above, p. 147, No. 12. x. 1589, April 3, Fertymore. p. 1. 

16. x. Commission to Sir R. Bingham and others to deal with 
the rebels' in Connaught. Copy. Calendared above, p. 148, No. 12. xn. 
1589, April 5, Dublin Castle, pp. 2. 

16. xi. Instructions to the above Commissioners. Copy. Calen- 
dared above, p. 148, No. 12. xin. 1589, April 5, Dublin Castle. 

16. XIT. Act entered in the Council Book touching the rebellion 
of the Burkes. 1589, April 5, Dublin Castle. Reciting Mayor of 
Galway to the Lord Deputy. Copy. Calendared above, p. 148, 
No. 12. xiv. 

April 10. 17. The causes of the executing of Hwistyn (Ustian) M'Donnell 
at Donemony in the county of Mayo in 1588. 

I, the Chief Commissioner, accompanied with my associates and 
such small forces as I then had lyeing at Donemony awaiting for 
the event of the action of the Spanish forces, this notable ringleader 
of mischief, Hwistyn M'Donnell would needs make the world see 
that now his time was come. He wished us to remove from that 
place. He was well executed, and not unadvisedly, as Thomas 
Jones the Bishop of Meath gave forth, but with due consideration 
and most ripe judgment in martial proceeding, well and deliberately 
debated, and order given for the warrant to Edward White, Clerk 
of the Council, by Mr. Justice Dillon, subscribed by me the Chief 
Commissioner and Mr. Anthony Brabazon. 

The particular causes moving his death : 

1st. His drawing of the people in a very disorderly sort by way 
of mutiny, twice or thrice, to have removed us from Donomony, 
which was most necessary for the present service, and would not be 
satisfied with any reasonable answer. 

2nd. His presumptuous and intolerable answer unto me, the Chief 
Commissioner, when I demanded why he urged so much our remove 
and could not afford us victuals as well as to the Spaniards, to 
which he said, Who could let them to do with their beeves as 
themselves pleased. 

3rd. His causing of the people to " flie away " the cattle from our 

4th. His raising of a mutiny in the country 3 or 4 days before, 
forbidding the people to pay the Queen's composition rent. 

5th. The danger of the time, owing to the landing of the Spa- 
niards, and the advertisement I received from Dublin from the Secre- 
tary Mr. Fenton, to the effect that the Lord Deputy with most of 
the rest of the great ones had resolved to send away their wives 
and children and no doubt their matters of substance. 

6th. He was but a loose man and had neither goods nor lands 
of his own. pp. 3. 



April 10. 


April 10. 

April 10. 


April 10. 


18. Arthur Robyns to Walsyngham. The Lord Deputy doth neither 
employ him nor pay him his money. Many letters patent of land 
in Munster made since the death of Sir Valentine Browne without 
any rent set down in them, but the same reserved for the consider- 
ation of the Surveyors when it shall be surveyed. [ Autog.~\ p. 1 . 

Copy of the above. [Entry Book, Ireland, Folios, Vol. XII., 
p. 247.] p. 1. 

19. John Garvey, Bishop of Kilmore to Walsyngham. Thanks 
for his procuring Her Majesty's most gracious letters in his behalf. 
I am to intreat your honour's favour towards [Patrick Foxe] the 
bearer, your servant ; he is a man of good desert, and now lately 
much injured by means of his unkind brother-in-law [Nathaniel 
Dillon], clerk of the Council here. 

20. Muster roll of Sir Edward Denny's soldiers, mustered by Mr. 
Staughton at Denny Vale : 

Mr. Arthur Denny. Gallor Page. 

Mr. Thomas Blennerhasset, entered the 18th day of November for 

John Lewin, then discharged. 
Mr. Anthony Randell, entered for Richard Smith, dead the 15th 

day of November : 
John Russell, without sword, rapier : 
Wm. Adames, pike : a horseman for Simon Rokes in England 

with Sir Edward Denny : 

Robt. King, fife [phiefe], for Robert Prise, ut supra ; 
James Stanley, pike, for Jerome Halsey, ut supra : 
Robt. Curtesse, without flask and touch-box, for Thomas Ryder, 

ut supra: 
John Hercules, musketeer, a good shot, a horseman for Hugh 

Baker, hurt at Dublin: 
John Harrowe, mason, ill shot, for John Spencer, gone to Dublin, 

at Easter : 

Francis Christian, good shot, for Robert Campe, ut supra : 
Thomas Boundes [Bowness], pikeman, for John Ashe, ut supra : 
Christopher Barton, musket ; gunpowder-maker : 
John Phillips, halbert : 
Peter Kelly, halbert : 
Wm. Foundes, sick, bayly in Tralee : 
Wm. Fleete, sick, butcher in Tralee : 
John Prince, without sword, flask, and touch box, entered for 

John Bright the 8th of January, then discharged : 
Donnell O'Sullivan, shot, entered for Win. Taylor, 10th February, 

then discharged : 

Anthony Fitzwilliams, halbert, a horseman before : 
Harry Smith, alias Warren, shot : 
John Goughen, alias Carpenter, Irish, shot : 
James Fitz-John, a birding piece : 

Thos. Symons, entered for Wm. Farthing, 14th February, then 
discharged : 




John Boye, entered for Robt. Stringer, 12 October. 
This Muster roll is delivered by Thomas Blennerhassett, the 10th 
of April 1589. p. I. 

21. Inaccurate cotemporary copy of the above, p. 1. 

April 11. 22. Lord Deputy to Burghley. The Lord Chancellor Loftus and 
Dublin Castle, the Chief Justice Gardener are so wise, temperate, and useful in the 
affairs of the state that he cannot suffer them to be absent in 
England. Fytzwylliam describes his age as full 64, his memory is 
weak, his body so unwieldy as that he cannot walk on his 
without grief, or get up but by a stool. [Autog.] pp. 2. 

April 11. 

April 11. 


April 11. 

April 12. 


April 12. 


April 12. 

April 13. 
April 13. 

23. Lord Deputy to Walsyngham. The report that two special 
men, members of the Council, shall shortly be called to England. 
Their service is indispensable. Prays Walsyngham to persuade with 
Her Majesty that they may be continued while Fytzwillyam holds 
the government, which cannot be above a year or two. [Autog.} 

24. Sir Lucas Dillon to Walsyngham. He has not been able to 
persuade [N. Dillon] the clerk of the Council to suffer Patrick Foxe 
to exercise the room of an ordinary clerk about the state for the 
despatch of suitors. [Autog.} p. 1. 

25. Muster of 'the ward of Castlemaigne, viz., Thomas Springe the 
constable, John Burtoll the lieutenant, in the place of Thomas Wol- 
warde and 16 privates, signed by John Stoughton. p. 1. 

26. Patrick Foxe to Walsyngham. Incloses Sir Lucas Dillon's 
answer. Articles of abuses drawn against the clerk of the Council. 
The wrongs done to Mr. Pipho. [Autog}. pp. 2. 

27. Sir R. Bingham to Walsyngham. Begs that Mr. Justice 
Gardener may be licensed to repair into England. [Autog.} p. 1. 

28. Barnabe Ryche to Walsyngham. Presenting a certain tract 
written by him for Her Majesty's service in Ireland, and presented 
to the Lord Deputy the 17 March 1588/9. (See the Tract, May 14, 
1589.) [Holog.} p.l. 

29. Remembrance for Francis Stafforde for 515?. 13s. 9|d due to 
him. p. 1.. 

30. Muster roll of Sir Edward Denny's men, viz. : 

Capt., Sir Edward Denny. 
Lieut., John Pyne. 
Ensign, John Sadler. 
" Sergeante," Rafe Roods. 
" Phiffe " Robt. King. 
Drums, Thos. Bliss, Nicholas Cursye. 

Surgeon, Humfrye Bliss, and 71 men whose names are given. 
Delivered upon the oath of William Brocket and taken by 
Mr. John Staughton. pp. 2. 



April 14. 


April 15. 


April 15. 

April 16. 


April 16. 
April 17. 

April 17. 
1 April 18. 


31. Doctor Dionise Cambell to Walsyngham. Thanks for his 
recommendations to the Lord Deputy, who has appointed him 
an assistant to the Bishop of Limerick in the administration of his 
function and Dean of the said church after the now incumbent. 
" The grant is during pleasure," he asks that it may be quamdiu se 
bene gesserit. [^luio^r.] Seed, with device, p 1. 

32. The Lord Chief Justice Ho. Gardener to Lord Burghley. 
To help him in obtaining from the Lord Deputy license to repair 
to England for a short time about Midsummer, as his poor estate 
groweth endangered by his absence. [AuutogJ] p. 1. 

33. Chief Justice Gardener to Walsyngham. To write to the 
Lord Deputy to license him to come over to England during a short 
time. [Autog.] p. 1. 

34. Muster roll of Sir Thomas Norreys' 100 foot by John 
Staughton, deputy muster master. 


Sir Thomas Norreis, knt., captain. 

George Hunt, lieutenant. 

Henry Saunders, ensign. 

Thomas Johnes, sergeant. 

Christopher Gregg, drummer. 

William Ferquar, " phiefe and surgeon." 

Ninety-four men, names given, pp. 3. 

35. The muster roll of 30 horsemen and 20 footmen, belonging 
to Sir Thomas Norreis, Vice-President of Munster. pp. 2. 

36. Names of Irish suitors who have received payment of their 
debts, viz., Ormond, Sir Henry Gate for Charles Eggarton, Sir 
Edward Waterhouse, Francis Lanie, Widow Smart for Captain 
Woodhouse, Matt. Hancock, Lord Dunsany, E. of Thomond, E. of 
Kildare, Brian Fitzwilliams, Henry Sheffield, Brian Mageoghegan, 
JohnMerbury, Mr. Fitzgarrett, Capt. Barrington's son, John Dongan, 
Wm. Lumbard, L. Chancellor Hatton, Constable of Dungarvan, Sir 
Ed. Phitton, Mr. Attorney General, The Lady Browne, p. 1. 

37. Petition of William Lumbarde to Burghley for payment of 113. 
due to the corporation of Waterford, and 69Z. due to himself, p. 1. 

38. Muster roll of Sir Christopher Hatton, Knt., Lord Chancellor 
of England, Constable of Dungarvan Castle, John Tirrell the vice- 
constable absent in England. Delivered by William Chapman, 
vice-constable, taken by Mr. John Staughton. p. 1. 

April 20. 39. Burghley's memorial of causes of importance to be considered 
by commandment of Her Majesty to be delivered to her Council. 
The difference betwixt the Earl of Tyrone and Turlough Lynagh 
O'Neill. The O'Ferralls. Composition for cess. Money. Under- 
takers' affairs, pp. 2. 


1589. Vo1 " CXLIIL 

April 20. 40. Attestation of the terms on which Sir Morrogh Ne Doe 
agreed with the Burks and Joys, viz., 300Z. for his son who was a 
pledge in Galway, 300Z. for breaking down his castle, and 300Z. 
to pay a body guard. Copy. p. 1. 

April 22. 41. Muster of the ward of Ferns by John Staughton, deputy 
muster master, p. 1 . 

April 25. 42. Muster roll of the ward of New Fort [of Maryborough], 
George Harvey, constable, taken 30 Jan. 1588-9. p. 1. 

April 25. 43. Muster of the ward of Catherlowe by John Staughton. 
Delivered by Robert Harpole, the constable, p. 1. 

April 26. 44. Lady Joyce Carewe, wife of Sir George Carew of Ireland, 
s *r G y les ' 8 ' to Burghley. Incloses the letters she has brought from Ireland. 
on ' Desires an early interview as she is waiting to depart into Ireland. 
[Autog.] p. 1. 

April 29. 45. Lord Deputy to Burghley. Has not failed to send news of the 
Dublin Castle, state of* Connaught when there was occasion or substantial ground 
for it, or that wind would give leave thereunto. Has of late sent 
letters respecting the action of the Burkes and O'Flahertys. Per- 
ceives " that some who seem to live here for no other purpose and 
as I guess are countenanced and cherished to none other end, do in 
all haste upon every vain and trifling rumor that runneth up and 
down the country, send their reports thither without regard either 
of truth or probability." 

Has already given his opinion touching the petition of O'Conor 
Sligo, and also for the matter of the O'Ferralls. Wishes the 
O'Ferralls to be satisfied and contented, lest the actions of the 
Governors and Council be discredited when people perceive that 
matters of this weight having been upon good deliberation con- 
cluded and established for a public good by one Deputy, shall 
afterwards be dissolved and disannulled by another, for the benefit 
of any private family. The appointing of Commissioners for the 
hearing and determining all controversies between the country 
people and the undertakers in Munster will be very good for that 
province. Albeit for my own part I am in doubt that when they 
have done what they can, the most of the undertakers when they 
come to the payment of their whole rent, will hardly, or rather 
not at all stand to and perform their conditions and agreements. 

Touching the removal of S. Segar, Constable of Dublin Castle, 
placed here by Sir John Perrott. I did it as well upon his own 
speech and refusal to serve in it, as also for that he having no 
patent of the said office, and besides considering the weightiness of 
the charge, I thought it meet rather to place a man of my own 
there, of whose honesty and sufficiency I had long and good expe- 
rience, than to suffer one to use it, who besides his desire to leave 
it, was a mere stranger unto me. And for the prisoners who 
escaped, the best of them I have again, the rest were not men of 
any value to speak of, and some of them boys of 10, 12, and 16 
years or thereabouts, who were better at liberty with the other, 



than lie in the grate to beg and starve, for so do they use their 
pledges of what quality soever they be, albeit this I confess is no 
excuse to him that had the charge of them, who nevertheless I 
hope will hereafter be more careful in his place. But how Sir 
Walter Raleigh may conceive thereby either cause of complaint 
or any doubt to receive trouble in his lands by. Patrick Condon, 
I know not, both because I am not acquainted with that matter, 
and also for that the said Condon was not any of them which 
escaped but remaineth still prisoner in Dublin Castle. 

Is sorry to hear of his Lordship's lack of health. [AutogJ] pp. 2. 

April 29. 46. Lord Deputy to Walsingham. Thanks for his letter of 24th 
Dublin Castle. March. The report of a great discontentment fallen in this country 
through the severe execution of the Ecclesiastical Commission being 
further alleged as a reason why they of the Pale were so backward 
to join in thanksgiving for Her Majesty's late victory over the 
Armada is most untrue, and is only devised by the papists here to 
colour and shadow their idolatrous and superstitious dispositions. 
There hath been such and so great tolerance used, and so temperate 
a course held, in the "execution thereof as there hath not been any 
punished but for some notable obstinacy or public contempt, and the 
same withal so rarely, and with such moderation, as it hath been 
rather done to let them see that the Commission was still in force 
than otherwise. Some of the Spanish prisoners in Ireland have 
offered ransoms varying from 5 to 100 crowns. Has bestowed the 
benefit thereof on some of his poor friends and servants, and asks 
whether he may allow three or four of the prisoners to go home to 
procure money for ransoming of the rest. Desires that the petition 
of the O'Farrells may be satisfied. Thanks for the yearly allowance 
of 200 marks to W. Lyon, the Bishop of Cork. 

Hugh Gavelagh hath been before me and the Council. Having 
perused such letters as he brought with him, and further heard his 
own speeches, we cannot find but that all is a mere practice, pro- 
ceeding from the great and inveterate malice which Sir T. Lenogh 
and the sons of Shane O'Neill and that race have ever borne against 
the honour and well-doing of the Earl. Nevertheless we hold it on, 
and will proceed further therein, either with or against the Earl, as 
upon further entering into the matter we shall see just and good 
occasion. Is fully persuaded that Don Alonso de Leva was drowned. 

Theobald Dillon is at liberty in the city upon bonds. His 
punishment was not very severe considering that he stopped for 48 
hours a letter and special messenger sent to the Lord Deputy at a 
very important crisis, when the Spanish vessels had fallen upon 
the coast, and 1,600 well weaponed and armed men landed. Is 
pleased to hear of Her Majesty's gracious disposition towards 
Mr. Wilbraham, Her Majesty's solicitor. The rest of Sir Patrick 
BarnewalFs book and the fee farm of Mr. Browne, of Mulrancan, will 
not be passed until Walsingham's pleasure is known. Has received 
a letter from the mayor of Chester, together with one Trevor, who 
was apprehended in that city for conveying away O'Rourke's son 
the last summer from Oxford. Trevor will not disclose anything 



further than he had already confessed before his coming hither. 

April 29. 47. Lord Deputy and Council to the Privy Council. The measures 
Dublin Castle, they pursue to suppress the outrages which O'Rourk's brother and 
his two sons have committed in the county of Sligo. Have given 
order for sending into Connaught the residue of the forces which Sir 
Richard Bingham required. Their intention to be at Drogheda 
the 2nd of May to meet the Earl of Tyrone, Sir Tirlogh Lynough 
O'Neill and McMahon. Want of money. [Entry Book, Ireland, 
Folios, Vol. XII., p. 247.] Copy. pp. 1. Inclose, 

47. i. Lord Deputy and Council to Sir R. Bingham. April 29, 
1589, Dublin. (Calendared below, No. 48. in.) p. 1. 

47. H. Sir R. Byngham and the Council of Connaught to the 
Lord Deputy. 1589, April 26, Oalway. (Calendared below, No. 48. 
v.) Copy. Incloses, 

47. in. William Taaffe, sheriff of Sligo, to Sir R. Bingham. 
1589, April 24, BaUimote. (Calendared below, p. 157, No. 48. vi.) 
Copy. pp.I$. 

April 30. 48. Lord Deputy to Burghley. Sends copies of letters touching 
Dublin. the spoils and outrages committed by the O'Rourkes. Also copy of 
a certificate containing the names of the owner, master, and crew of 
a ship of London which lately sailed out of Dublin, having not only 
in her at her departure 16 persons unknown of any, but also was 
seen to take in, at a place called Blowick, three others, of whom one 
was a tall man with a long black beard, in a mantle, the other of a 
mean stature, and the third a boy. It is suspected that these 
passengers are either Spaniards or some bad and fugitive persons of 
this country birth. [Autog.] p. 1. Incloses, 

48. i. Lord Deputy and Council to the Privy Council. 1589, 
April 29, Dublin Castle. Copy. pp. 1%. (Calendared next above, 
from a copy in the Entry Book.) Inclose, 

48. n. Sir R. Bingham and the Council of Connaught to the 
Lord Deputy. Sir Brian O'Rourke's brother and both his sons, with 
a number of O'Rourke's people have preyed, burned, and spoiled 
certain towns in the county of Sligo. The writers called unto them, 
Thomas Jones, the Bp. of Meath, and the rest of the Commissioners 
employed to deal touching the pacification, and craved their opinions 
what course to hold in a 'matter of so great importance. They placed 
it at the discretion of Bingham and the Council of Connaught, for 
that it was out of the compass of their authority. Do not think 
O'Rourke will give over the action now begun. Pray that forces may 
be presently sent them for the defence of Sligo and Roscommon. 
1589, April 20, Oalway. Copy. p. 1. 

48. HL Lord Deputy and Council to Sir R. Byngham. His 
messenger too slow for the important matters he wrote of. Have 


158a VOL. CXLIII. 

appointed 100 foot to repair to him from Munster and send 30 
horse presently to Athlone. To use his additional forces to strengthen 
his borders and keep O'Rourke from further violence. 1589, April 29, 
Dublin. Copy. p. 1. 

48. iv. Lord Deputy and Council to Sir Brian O'Rourke. Re- 
monstrate against the spoils committed by his people in the county 
of Sligo. Exhort him to restitution of the hurts and spoils. Copy. 
1589, April 29, Dublin Castle, p. 1. 

48. v. Sir R. Bingham and the Council of Connaught to the 
Lord Deputy. Inclose a letter from the sheriff of the county of 
Sligo. O'Rourke's traitorous, long-hidden practices are now 
'made manifest and known to the world. He must be sup- 
pressed and resisted i/n time, lest he grow stronger and attempt 
greater matters. They beg the Lord Deputy to send them additional 
forces. They have sent two companies of new levied soldiers of " this 
country birth," under Captain Mordant and Hugh Mosten, to 
remain in the county of Roscommon upon the borders of O'Rourke's 
country, with the horsemen and other forces of that shire, for the 
defence of the same. There be 200 of the M'Shees, of Munster, in Tir- 
connel, who made motion to be entertained for Her Majesty's service 
to be done within the province. If they be not entertained by the 
state, they will go to O'Rourke, which will greatly strengthen him. 
" We cannot tell as yet how to pay them their wages." Although 
there is no great need of them, yet it would be good policy to keep 
them from, going to the enemy. The Commissioners parleyed with 
Sir Morogh Ne Doe and some of the Burks. Copy. 1589, April 
26, Oalway. pp. 1^. Inclose, 

48. vi. William Taaffe to Sir Richard Bingham. Yesterday in 
the forenoon Sir Brian O'Rourke's two sons, his brothers, and all 
his forces, to the number of 400 gallowglasses and shot, with 40 
Jiorsemen, preyed all Terreraughe,from Downeyle to Touregoe, burnt 
diverse towns in the same, and murdered certain subjects also. 
The prey which they carried with them is esteemed to be in number 
3,000 cows and near 1,000 mares. The country crieth out for Her 
Majesty's forces to defend them. O'Rourke sent for aU the woodkern 
or bad members, dwelling on these borders, and licensed them to 
prey, rob, and spoil all Her Majesty's subjects within the province, 
and especially this county. He attegeth no cause to procure him 
thereunto, but only for executing the Lady Mary Burke's order 
against him. . But vn truth his occasion is far contrary, and, as 
I hear, is this. The Earl of Tyrone sent a messenger unto O'Rourke 
and Maguire, charging them to make peace, a little before his going 
to Dublin, and betwixt what bad instructions he sent unto them, 
both, to join, if Englishmen would meddle with them, and what 
Marcus Duf Linche and Oliver Oge French, of Galway, put 
O'Rourke in the head, of Spaniards coming to Ireland shortly, 
they mean not only to take part in these wars, but O'Rourke doth 
procure the Burkes, O'Donnell's son, and all others of those quarters 
to rebel, and as soon as he hears of any forces coming hither, will 



break his castles and flee with all his cattle to Slieve an Yarin, 
and other fastnesses. Besides his people had starved, if he had not 
taken the spoils of this county, they were so many in number. He 
is sending O'Donnell's wife to Scotland for Scots, and as many as 
she hath, to repair unto him presently. If I had but 40 horsemen 
I would keep him from spoiling much, till other forces came. Since 
my kern were killed by his people, at his last preying of the country, 
I could procure none of the country to serve against him. 1589, 
April 24. BaUimote. pp. 1. 

48. vn. Certificate of the names of the owner and company of the 
ship called the " Daniel " of London, which left Dublin with certain 
strange passengers unknown. She departed the haven of Dublin 
the 24ith of April, and sailed with these mariners, whose names are 
perfectly known here, viz. : Lyonell Bell, purser. Nicholas Norie, 
master. William Williams, master's 'mate. Henry Sty ward, boat- 
swain. John Cook, mariner. George Erin, a Dutchman, mariner. 
There are two men more and a boy, wJiose names are not known. 
Mr. John Porter, of London, merchant, dwelling in the corner 
house by the Custom House of London, he is the owner of the same 
ship. 1589, April 28. p. 1. 

48. viii. A declaration how Sir Edward Barkley standeth in- 
debted to Her Majesty for money overpaid him. pp. 1. 

April 30. 49. Lord Deputy Fytzwylliam to Walsyngham. The two great 
Dublin. spoils committed by a brother and two sons of O'Rourke. p. 1 . 

49. i. Lord Deputy and Council to the Privy Council. Copy. 
Calendared above, p. 156, No. [47.] 1589, April 29, Dublin 
Castle, pp. 2. Inclose, 

49. ii. Sir R. Bingham and the Council of Connaught to the 
Lord Deputy. Copy. Calendared above, p. 156, No. 48. n. 
1589, April 20, Galway. p. 1. 

49. in. Lord Deputy and Council to Sir Ric. Bingham. Copy. 
Calendared above, p. 156, No. 48. in. 1589, April 29, Dublin, p. 1. 

49. IV. Sir R. Bingham and the Council of Connaught to the 
Lord Deputy. Copy. Calendared above, p. 157, No. 48. v. 
1589, April 26, Dublin Castle. 

49. v. William Taaffe to Sir Bingham. Copy. Calendared 
above, p. 157, No. 48. vi. 1589, April 24, BaUimote. pp. 3. 

49. vi. Certificate of the names of the men belonging to the 
"Daniel" of London. Calendared above, p. 158, No. 48. vn. 
1589, April 2S. p..l. 

49. vn. Declaration how Sir Edward Barkley standeth indebted 
to Her Majesty for money overpaid him. pp. 1. 

[April 30.] 50. Declaration of the truth touching the particular answers 
made by Captain Edward Barkley, to avoid payment of his debts 
to Her Majesty, pp. 2. 


, Ken VOL. CXLIU. 


April 30. 51. Petition of the gentlemen of Essex, undertakers, in the 
province of Munster in Ireland, for Mr. William Tey, gent., a 
minister of Essex, to have preferment in Munster. Also to have 
some walled town and a corporation with liberties, p. 1. 

April 30. 52. Warrant from the Lord Deputy to Thomas Waddinge and 

Dublin Castle. Robert Walshe FitzJames, of Waterford, and as it appertaineth to 

the Sheriff, touching the arrearages of St. Katharines and the 

Abbey of Mothell. Copy. pp. 1^-. [The paper to which this was 

attached is dated 1589, Nov. 21.] 

April 30. 53. Earl of Onnond to Mr. Rogers. There was a letter drawn 
Westminster, for the bearer Robert Roche touching the county of Kilkenny which 
the solicitor before his departure perused, and added such things to 
the same as he thought fit for Her Majesty's advantage. The 
letter I delivered to my Lord Treasurer Burghley before Easter 
[March 30] which his Lordship promised to peruse. I pray you 
that you will call upon the same [i.e. Burghley] whereby the letter 
may be made up, and the bearer despatched, for I have earnest 
occasion to use him in Ireland. [Autog.] p. \. 

54. Notes touching the ordering of Ulster in the handwriting of 
Sir George Carew, afterwards Earl of Totness. 

O'Donnel, Maguire, O'Chane, and M'Mahon to permit sheriffs to 
execute their offices, and to erect gaols. 

O'Donnel, to permit garrisons to be placed in his country at the 
Queen's pleasure, the like for Maguire, O'Chane, and M'Mahon. 

Garrisons in th*e Earl's country not to be limited but left at the 
Queen's pleasure. 

During Turlough Lynagh O'Neill's life no rent can be exacted 
upon Maguire or O'Chane because they are his urraghs, but after to 
pay rent as O'Donnell. 

O'Rourke is wholly omitted who albeit he is not of Ulster, yet to 
yield to the same conditions as O'Donnell. 

A clause of restitution of goods taken before they were proclaimed, 
which although it be not performed, yet it will give contentment to 
the good subjects. 

If the sons of Shane O'Neill have no place given them by the 
Queen, which I think they have, then out of Tyrone some portion 
of land must be allotted unto them, which I suppose the Earl will 
not (because he dares not) deny them, else they will be the only 
disturbers of that country, wherefore it were not amiss that it were 
remembered. [Indorsed, notes upon the conditions.] p. 1. [Seal 
with arms.] [This was probably brought over by the Lady Carew, 
and given to Burghley. 


VOL. CXLIV. 1589. MAY. 


May 3. 1. Sir William Herbert's answer for the Lady Denny. At a 
quarter sessions holden for the county of Kerry immediately after 
Christmas, Sir Edward Denny, there high sheriff, but then absent ; 
his sub-sheriff and bailiffs were commanded by Lady Denny that 
they should not serve nor come to the sessions. Moreover she com- 
manded that none of the inhabitants within Sir Edward's seignory, 
which containeth the one half of that county, should appear there 
on pain of 51., that none of them should obey any precept of mine, 
or answer any complaint made against them before me, then 
supplying the vice-president's place, and the attorney of the pro- 
vince being then with me, both of us being of that provincial 
council, and the hearing of many matters in that province referred 
to any two of the council being together. 

Moreover, a direction of mine in some poor men's causes in mat- 
ters of justice, showed by one of the parties to my Lady Denny ; she 
tore it in pieces. 

She was commanded to appear and answer for these things. Sir 
William protests he has done nothing but justly and gentlemanly, 
and he would have done neither more nor less to his own mother. 

The Lady Denny took it in very ill part, vouchsafed me no 
answer, and complained to the Lord Deputy. Sir Edward Denny 
hath here in England complained to Her Majesty. 

Her Majesty hath had in Ireland a poor servant that without 
respect of persons dares do justice, but so shall his course prosper as 
it shall be countenanced, p. 1. 

May 3. 2. Sir William Herbert's answer for Mr. Denzil Hollis, touching 
Tarbert and Lislaughtie on the Shannon. Sir William desires to 
have a dwelling " upon that river of Shenant." pp. 2. 

May 3. 3. Petition of Denzil Hollis, Esquire, to the Privy Council. 
Complains that the castle of Tarbert is withheld from him by Sir 
William Herbert, and the Abbey of Lislaughtye by Sir Edward 
Denny, p. 1. 

May 6. 4. An estimate of such lands and leases in Ireland as were be- 
longing to Jaques Wingfeld, late Master of the Ordnance in Ireland, 
which are to be seized to Her Majesty's use, in regard that the said 
Jaques was greatly indebted to Her Majesty at the time of his 
death. Made by John Sherife. 

1. A lease for 21 years of the parsonage of Dunboyne. 

2. Abbey and lands of Inchemacodder, county Kildare. 

3. A lease from the dean and chapter of Christchurch of the 
church and tythes of Stalorgane for 41 years. 

4. A lease from the city of Dublin of the manor of Ballenlower, 
48 years. 

5. A lease of the tythes of Dame's church for 99 years. 

G. A lease from the dean and chapter of St. Patrick's of the manor 
of Ballelohone for 41 years. 



7. All the title and interest that belonged to John Thomas of 
Dardistone, in the town of Dardistone. 

8. A garden and cellar " by north the south side of St. Tollock's 
Church," in Dublin, bought from Arlontoune Usher. 

9. A lease of both the Clonshough, Portmarnocke and the tythes 
of Rathenny. 

10. A lease of the tythes of Portmarnocke. 

11. A lease from the Bishop of Dublin of four farms in Luske, a 
town so called. 

12. An old church with the appurtenances called St. Tollock's, in 
Fishamble Street. 

13. Two tenements in Fishamble Street. 

14. A great house at the corner of the Pillory in Dublin, lately 
belonging to one Stanihurste. 

15. A great house called the Carbury house near the " Tolsell." 

16. A lease of the manor of Stalorgane. 

17. The manor of -Behenahe, purchased from Morgan Mackgil- 

Here also ensueth a note or inventory of goods, consisting of 
wearing apparel, chests, furniture, " a short sword and targate," two 
Irish harps, one bandora, and one lute, which were removed from 
the house of the Carbury to the house near the Pillory, pp. 6. 

May 9. 5. Sir N. White, Master of the Rolls, to Burghley. Has returned 
Drogheda. from Connaught with the other Commissioners without concluding 
peace. They have delivered to the Lord Deputy a long discourse 
of their proceedings. We seem to lay all the blame on Sir Richard 
Bingham. The Lord Deputy justly marvels that peace was not 
concluded as the rebels desire nothing more, but a revengeful desire 
in some of us to condemn Sir R. Bingham as author of the war and 
hinderer of the peace prevented it. p. 1. 

May 9. 6. Note of words spoken by the Lord Deputy that do concern Sir 
John Perrot : 

1. His Lordship being one day in the Exchequer and finding that 
Sir J. Perrot had given away some small portion of the greenwax to 
some of his servants, he said he would also keep his own men with- 
out wages if he might be allowed so to do. 

2. His Lordship said openly another time in the Council Chamber, 
" There be some that do advertise that I disallow of Sir John 
Perrot's government and will imitate no part thereof." "I say," 
said he, " it is true, if he were here I would speak it to his face." 

3. He said at another time that Sir John Perrot's government 
was to suppress the Captains and Englishmen, and to bear with 
papists, and never to call for the Queen's debts. 

4. His Lordship speaking of the composition that I made in the 
north, for kine to be had of the Lords to Her Majesty's use, he said 
the same doth breed but heartburning among the Irish, and the 
levying of them doth cost more than they be worth. 

5. A man of great countenance being with the Lord Deputy of 
late, immediately after the breaking out of the prisoners out of the 
castle, the Lord Deputy said Sir John Perrot had lusty men for 

P4i. L 


1589. VOL.CXLIV. 

pledges for Feagh M'Hugh, and he did let them go and took children 
in their places. 

6. Many things else have been by his Lordship said, that I will 
not trouble your Lordship withall besides the advertisement he 
made to the Lords, at all which I marvel for his Lordship and I 
parted very great friends ; what I have said of him to Her Majesty 
and otherwise is known and therefore he is the more in fault. 

7. I could say that chiefest for your Lordship's sake, I delivered 
my full knowledge of the state of the realm, and did truly decipher 
unto him all men of mark within that kingdom, leaving unto his 
knowledge the whole manner of my government which he now 
misliketh. I offered to lend his people before his coming to make 
his provision 500?., any of my corn, wine, beeves, or other provi- 
sions, better cheap than he could buy. And after his coming 
making some moan of his want, I offered to lend him 1,000?. 
for a year, and that he should take up of my debts another 1,000?. 
for another year. I gave him my chief horse which I would not 
have taken a 100 marks for. 

Sir John Perrot's Answer. 

1. Note there was no governor so sparing in gift and green- 
wax money as I, and for wages I gave as much as ever governor 
did, and double that that Sir William Fitzwilliam doth. 

2. If his Lordship hath found a better course than I did follow 
it shall no whit displease me, for I did my best and I hope he will 
do so too. 

3. I confess I did sometimes bridle] the extortion and insolency 
of the captains and Englishmen, but that I bore with a papist, that 
is most false, and it will appear there was gotten in, in my time, 
more debts than in 16 years before. 

4. It is not given to every man to get compositions and to gather 
the thing gotten with contentment, and I left not any man that I 
knew with heartburning against my doings ; for I delivered all 
the northern Lords by the hand to the Lord Deputy in Dublin at 
my coming away, and there is no more given but .the 20th cow for 
the gathering, whereby that speech is false. 

5. There was no pledge for Feagh M'Hugh when I came to the 
land, neither would it be sought for at his hands, neither did I ever 
deliver any pledge, but I took better in their rooms, and for Feagh 
M'Hugh I left his two sons and wife's brother, three of the brothers 
of Walter Reagh, and Walter Reagh's pledge in the castle, which 
now amongst others are suffered to escape. 

The Lord Deputy's Reply. 

1. That I spake any such words in the Exchequer is most untrue, 
only this, I said that his men by this means might be well re- 
warded. As for the wages I give, as I never boast of it nor glory 
in it, so doubt I not but that my men rest satisfied with it. My 
number are such as the Queen alloweth me, and of them not one 
but receiveth wages, their horses being besides found, and their men 
waged, fed, and liveried at my proper charges. 


1589. VOL.CXLIV. 

2. That I ever said openly or in private that I disallowed of 
Sir John Perrot's government is most untrue, inasmuch as it tendeth 
to a generality. Howbeit I deny not but understanding of some 
advertisements sent hence unto Sir John Perrot in this behalf, I 
said that in some particularities I would not imitate him, and so 
would declare unto him if he were himself present. 

3. It may be upon some occasion of speeches I said (as that which 
both the English Council, the captains, and soldiers reported) that 
Sir John Perrot bare a most heavy hand and gave very hard 
speeches to every of them in their several degrees, showing all 
countenance and favour only to men of this country birth. Touch- 
ing my speeches of his bearing with papists, his advertiser hath 
most untruly and unhonestly reported of me. And for Her Ma- 
jesty's debts all I said was, that I wished Sir John Perrot had 
gathered in Her Majesty's debts, to the end my occasions might so 
have been less to have dealt therein, the arrearages of the composi- 
tion money amounting at his departure to 8,0001. or thereabouts. 

4. So simple I am not, as either openly or in private to make any 
show of dislike of rents gotten to Her Majesty. Howbeit by 
experience I find (as namely in Tyrconnel), that those 700 yearly 
rent beeves will be so costly a work to gather, as it will be hard if 
their just value be not spent in the levying of them, which I am 
the rather induced to believe in that at his departure, two years 
rent of 700 beeves a year, and a fine of 700 beeves more, were 
behind and unpaid. And for the delivering of the Lords of the 
north unto me by the hand, the truth is, divers of them came not 
and some ran away, whom by no means he could bring back again 
to my sight. And for those that came to me they are at this day 
forthcoming, and stand in like terms of obedience as they did at 
my arrival. 

5. At the departure of Sir John Perrot, there were three of Feagh 
M'Hugh's pledges, whereof one of the age of 10 or 11 years, the 
second of 13 or 14, and the third of 17 or 18, and the rest together 
with Walter Rough's as is alledged, but these before my coming 
or shortly after and till their breaking out were bestowed in the 
grate and there lived upon the common alms, so good account did 
those for whom they lay make of them, and therefore although 
I could have been glad they had not escaped, yet in mine opinion 
it had been better such pledges had been abroad than taken in ; 
further I think that if Segar be examined, he will confess there was 
a man pledge of Feagh's exchanged for a boy. 

6. What I have advertised to your Lordships of the Council 
remaineth under my hand. 

7. I humbly thank your Lordship for whose sake it appeareth 
Sir John Perrot gave me to understand the state of his government 
here, which in truth was the more easy to be seen, for that almost 
18 years before I had been acquainted with Ireland thorough and 
round about. But for any particularity delivered by him other than 
to his advice, that I should keep under the captains and soldiers and 
cherish the Irishry, opening besides the natural dispositions 'of all 

L 2 


1589. VOL.CXLIV. 

the Council here, I cannot call to mind. For his offer of money and 
provisions my men answered that of money they were stored, and 
of that I think he was not doubtful. As for his provisions, such 
rates were set upon them as exceeded by their reports all reasonable 
courses. ' But for my moan making to him of want, surely he doth 
overmuch forget himself, for though I brought not hither so many 
thousands of pounds, as I have heard that by his own report he carried 
hence, yet I thank God and Her Majesty I had and have sufficient 
to serve my turn, being besides so proud of nature, though not 
otherwise glorious, as in such a place and at such a time (albeit I 
had had great need) I would not have borrowed there, no though I 
had given 20Z. in the hundred, and especially of any such whom 
I had long known to love to advance and set all his courtesies over 
largely abroad. In truth he offered me first 500Z. to be paid him 
again in London at Hallowtide following. At another time he told 
me he had 1,000?. debt in Ireland,' whereof the Master of the Rolls 
owed 200?., and some others he named, which if I would receive for 
him he would leave their bills with me, and give me day of pay- 
ment in London till Shrovetide following, which if I had been so 
mad to accept, your Lordship I think would have said I had rather 
been a good bailiff for him than done myself pleasure, inasmuch as 
the peril of transportation by land and sea had been thereby assured, 
besides the purchasing to myself ill opinion with other men in 
gathering up his debts. The Master of the Rolls and one other I 
know be such, as there is no doubt of at their days, but if he 
have 1,000?. above their portions, I fear it be not all at this time well 
paiu. And for his chief horse, seeing it is his pleasure to remember 
the value and gift of him, I trust he is not unmindful how loth I 
was to take him, protesting that I do not keep him to any other 
use than to match him with another for my wife's coach. But had 
I known he had made so great a value of so old a beast, or could I 
understand he were yet so far in love with him as that he would 
send for him, he should not only have him with all my heart, but 
I would also bestow on him a horse of 10?. for his man to ride on 
thither with him. Signed W. FITZWILLIAM. 

We have not heard the Lord Deputy either in the Exchequer or 
Council Chamber, speak the above recited words as they are alledged 
in the four first articles. 

Signed. Ad. Dublin Cane., Tho. Midensis, Jo. Kilmore, Ro. 
Gardener, Robert Dillon, Geff. Fenton. Copy. pp. 4. 

[May 9.] 7. Sir John Perrot's answer to Sir William Fitzwilliam's reply 
of the 9th of May 1589. 

My purpose in delivering to your Lordship what I heard from 
men of good credit out of Ireland of the causeless, malicious, and 
inconsiderate speeches of the Deputy towards me, was not that I 
need care for his good or evil will, but rather to show his unthank- 
fulness. I had written unto him four or five letters, whereof he 
disdained to answer any. Were it not to satisfy others, I would 
not make any " rejoin " to such mad replies, for to such a spirit as 
he carrieth, silence were the best answer. 


1589. VOL.CXLIV. 

1. He confessed to have spoken much more of me than I have 
used of any Deputy's doings before me. And for some small 
rewards given to my servants out of the greenwax : if I have done 
the same without warrant or reason let him inform thereof 
and I will answer him. And he knoweth that Her Majesty hath 
allowed my doings and further hath willed him not to displace my 
servants out of the offices I gave them, notwithstanding he doth 
the contrary, and although upon his occasion I may truly say that 
I kept more men, other manner of men, and more horses than he 
doth, yet will I not complain any of his wants therein, but leave 
the same to the view of others. 

2. If he knoweth any fault by me, it were much more honest for 
him to deliver it in writing than to hide it in such covert sort of 

3. To the third he confesseth that he said, that the English 
Council, captains, and soldiers reported that I bare a most heavy 
hand and gave hard speeches to every of them in their several 
degrees, showing all countenance and favour to men only of the 
Irish birth. That this is untrue I know best, and no wise man 
would use such generality of speech, for though, upon cause given, I 
reprehended some of the Englishrie, yet that I have used hard 
speeches to every of them the same must needs be false. And 
surely he might forbear these speeches when himself heard me not 
reprehend any. And in seeking to touch me I fear that he therein 
pulleth himself by the nose, for I have heard of late of some rebel- 
lion in the land and mutinies by the soldiers. And for the coun- 
tenance and favour I showed to the Irishry, I loved but such as 
were subjects or like to be made good subjects. Neither left I the 
ill of that land unpunished. But I think he that contemneth those 
whom he governeth, and maketh a diversity of nations being under 
one crown (but according to their deserts), shall neither do Her 
Majesty good service nor reap love or credit to himself. For the 
composition money I found it at 1,5001. per annum and brought it 
to 2,1001. The cause why there was some stay in levying the 
composition will appear by acts entered in the Council Book. 

4. I left Hugh Roo O'Donnell's eldest son as pledge in the castle, 
M'Swyne Fanet's son, M'Swyne'ne Do's pledge, and the O'Gallogher'a 
pledge, which might easily cause the payment of those beeves, but 
as I learn two or three of those pledges did escape out of the castle 
since my departure, which will no way further the levying of those 
beeves, and as I could have had 2,0001. ready money and the 
spokesman 1001. per annum for the enlarging of Hugh Roo, so if 
he be suffered to escape, sold, or delivered, then will those beeves 
be the harder to come by. But I marvel that Sir William, being 
the last winter with a great army in Tyrconnell, would not both get 
the beeves and make the M'Swineys to come to him, which I heard 
they refused to do, but he will not bite at such baits, but, to excuse 
himself, nibble at me. And for the delivering of the northern Lords 
unto his hands at Dublin these were they I meant: Turlough 
O'Neill, the Earl of Tyrone, Sir Hugh O'Donnell, and most of the 

1 4 * 


1589 VOL. CXLIV. 

O'Donnells, Sir John O'Dogherty, Sir Coconnor M'Guire, Sir Rose 
M'Mahon, Sir Con M'NelOge, Sir John O'Reilly, Edmond O'Reilly, 
Sir Hugh M'Gennes, Sir Ohe O'Hanlon, Shane M'Breene, NelOge, Iver 
M'Cowlie, Captains of Ferny and Daughtrie, and many other petty 
gentlemen. And there ran none of them away, how untrue soever 
he said. But I think he meaneth of Sir Rose M'Mahon which being 
extreme sick of the stone took his leave of me, and the now Lord 
Deputy having somewhat to say unto him sent a pursuivant after 
him, who found him in the Pale sick in his bed, and this I may say 
boldly for all his great experience he writeth of, he never saw before 
the sixth man of the northern Lords he found with me in Dublin 
without or with protection at one time, neither I believe if the pledges 
were forth I left in the Castle, will he ever see so many there again, 
And because he goeth about to deprave me, I say there was no man 
in that kingdom but would have come to me upon my word or 

5. Neither his Lordship nor any governor before my time had 
any pledges from Feagh M'Hugh, nor sought for any, for fear of 
greater inconvenience to fall out thereby. And as I left in the 
Castle as pledge upon Feagh two of his sons and his wife's brother, 
being older than he writeth of, one pledge for Walter Reagh and 
three of his brethren, all which are of late escaped, which pledges 
for Feagh in my time were never kept by the alms of the gate, but 
maintained by their father. It is not true that I took a boy from 
Feagh for a man. The man he supposeth was Feagh's brother never 
put in as a pledge, but was taken and tried by law and delivered 
because there was no felony nor treason, after his pardon, to be laid 
to his charge. 

6. There was never any record made of the Connaught inden- 
tures. And for the patent I passed ; the same was done upon 
warrant and good consideration, and no inconvenience can grow 
thereby but good, in cutting off the Tanist. And for the Robes, 
they were my fees as all other Deputies had the like, so having 
sent them to my house before the receipt of the Lords letters I 
returned them from thence into Ireland. I have not been taken to 
be one that would show countenance where I loved not, or to be 
removed from a friend without cause. 

7. In such a broken estate as Ireland, one experience holdeth not, 
and though he hath served there almost 18 years, yet he should not 
make so slight of my late experience. If I advised him to keep under 
the ill-disposed captains and soldiers, and to cherish the good of the 
Irishry, I did no ill office therein. If I offered to lend his men or 
himself any money it was more than I ought him or that he now 
deserveth at my hands. And where he saith I boasted of many 
thousands that I brought thence, I say he speaketh untruly therein. 
I brought to the land with me 4,000. and received out of my 
country above 4,OOOZ. more in money and provisions with the 
which I often lent the Treasurer, many noblemen, gentlemen, and 
captains money when they lacked, of the which I am more behind 
yet unpaid than I believe he will lend. Neither did I borrow 
during the time of my service there any penny for Her Majesty or 




May [10]. 


May 10. 


May 10. 

May 10. 



myself of the citizens of Dublin as I hear there hath been done of 
late, whereby poor men were constrained to put their best goods in 
pawn. And as I heard by one that kept Sir William's money, that 
he brought 10,000. with him when he came last out of Ireland, 
but I could never understand that he carried so much from hence to 
that land. And seeing I must speak of matter touching a horse 
which he termeth an old beast I say he was known to be the fairest 
and best horse in Ireland ; and he refused him as bishops do their 
bishopricks. And I think he may put him to a coach for his impedi- 
ments will not let him ride upon him himself, pp. 3. 

8. John Garvey, Bishop of Kilmore, to Lord Burghley. Sir 
Morough ne Doe, O'Flaherty's sons, and all the Flaherties are in 
action of rebellion : and likewise the Burkes, the Joys, Clandonnell, 
M' Jordan, the Nangles, the O'Malleys, and M'Morrises are for the 
more part joined in that action. All those are of the west part of 
Connaught. On the other side O'Rourke is in action also, and his 
two sons with great forces did lately prey the most part of the 
county of Sligo, especially the territories of both the M'Donoughs, 
both the O'Haras, O'Hart, and O'Dowds, and now last of all 
O'Connor Koe's sons did join with O'Rourke in this action. They 
all alledge for themselves that it was the cruel and hard parts of 
sheriffs, subsheriffs, bailiff errants, kearnty, and the daily extortion 
of soldiers and soldiers' boys exacting meat and money that pro- 
voked them thus to fall from their loyalty. Myself and other 
Commissioners were in Connaught lately to seek pacification of 
those stirs, but as yet we could not compass the same, and after we 
came away Sir Richard proclaimed them all, and doth now prosecute 
them with fire and sword both by sea and land. We are now 
here employed with the Lord Deputy at Drogheda where O'Neill, 
the Earl of Tyrone, and M'Mahon be. And now the second time my 
Lord of Meath, Sir Thomas Lestrange, Sir Robert Dillon, and myself 
must repair down to Connaught to seek for the appeasing of the 
said stirs once again. [Autog.] Seal with device. 2 pp. 

9. John Garvey, Bishop of Kilmore, to Walsyngham. Has not 
yet had a day to be consecrated primate of Armagh. The bearer, 
Patrick Fox, is a man of good desert. [Autog.] p. 1. 

10. Answer of Sir Edward Denny to the Articles delivered to 
him as an Undertaker. He has passed his patent for a seignory 
of 6,000 acres. His patent is in Ireland. His tenants, stock, &c. 
Two of his tenants, Edward Gray and one Mayrisse, are better 
stocked than himself, pp. 2. 

11. Henry Ughtred to Lord Burghley. The Undertakers hardly 
used ; some can get no patents, others have their patents abridged. He 
has spent 1,000 marks in following the service and has not reaped 
a groat. The enterprise is crossed by all the Irish governors and 
magistrates, p. 1. Incloses, 

11. i. Answer of Henry Ughtred to the Articles. He has under- 
taken to people 12,000 acres. Her Majesty gave of late certain 


1589. Vo L .CXLIV. 

lands to young McRuddery (Fitzg'ibbon), a young man greatly 
allied and matched with the McCarthys. He braggeth that he will 
have all that was his father's, pp. 3. 

May 11. 12. J. Garvey, Archbishop of Armagh, to Burghley. I may be 
Drogheda. so bold as to let your Honour understand in what ill state the 
primacy of Armagh stands. First, the cathedral church of Armagh 
is and hath been of long time in great ruin, which I must in con- 
science and duty see repaired. Next, the late primate did let out 
at easy rents for many years to come not only the three parts of the 
possessions of the said primacy, but also left the chief house un- 
covered, despoiled of all windows, glass doors, and other inward 
furniture, having also let out for years the mill of the said house 
and the best part of the demesne lands of the same, so as the whole 
living is not now above 120?. per annum, and yet the taxation of the 
first fruits is as great as when the primacy was at the best, that is, 
to wit, 1 35Z. In consideration whereof, and for his better enabling 
to maintain the part of so great a dignity, and to repair and amend 
these great ruins and decays, he prays that his first fruits may be 
released, and that he may receive the mean profits of the primacy 
from the death of his predecessor John Long. p. 1. 

May 11. 13. Names of the freeholders of the lands allotted to Sir Edward 
Phitton, Eichard Bold, and Thomas Preston. 

Com. Limerick, holden of the Awny : James Fox, 61. ; Richard 
Dundon, 41. ; Phillip Supple, II. ; James Rawleigh, 4>l. 12s. ; Edmund 
Boggot, 4/, ; Maghan M'Tege, 24s. ; William Richford, 24s. ; William 
Newgent, 20s. ; William Marshall, 10s. ; Ballymore Cumins, 16s. 8d. ; 
the Mollands, 5s. ; the Burgages, 51. Total, 291. lls. 8d. 

Clanherye, in com. Waterford, holden of Kilmanahen : Russell's 
Town, Kylronan, and Banefyne, 20s. ; Conogh Sillyhin, Welche's 
Garden, and Ballynycalibry, 20s. ; Courtswood, Balygowre, and 
Bolyregan, 20s. ; Balynachy, 12s. Total, 3Z. 12s. 

A seignory of 12,000 acres, 81 families : Sir Edward Phyton, 
Richard Boolde and Thos. Preston have 70 persons of English birth, 
desiring to be masters of families. Memorandum. Richard Phyton, 
Alexander Phyton, William Candish, and Edmond Manwaryng, with 
Gilbert Gerrard, have 30 men of English birth there, and have no 
possession, although they have past two patents for 16,000 acres. 
p. I. 

May 11. 14. Articles to be answered by the Undertakers, pp. 2. 

May 11. 15. Answer of Sir Edward Phyton and his associates to the 
Articles. The means to reduce Ireland to civility is to convert the 
land to tillage and restrain the multitude of milch kine, which is all 
their wealth, pp. 2. 

May 11. 16. Answer of Phane Beecher, gent., to the Articles. He has 
28,000 acres in association with Hugh Worth, gent., passed in one 
patent. The greatest man thereabouts now is Sir Owen M'Carthy, 
but the man most to be doubted in time to come is Florence 


1589. VOL.CXLIV. 

M'Carthy, for that if he may succeed his uncle, Sir Owen, in the 
country of Carbery by the custom of tanistry and be heir to my 
Lord of Clancarthy, whose daughter and heir he hath married, he 
shall then be of greater territories than ever the Lord of Desmond 
was. p. 1. 

May 12. 17. Articles to be answered by the Undertakers, with a note in- 
dorsed of the undertakers that are in England. Draft, pp. 2. 

May 12. 18. Instructions for the Commissioners appointed by Her Majesty 
to examine the proceedings of the undertakers in Munster, with a 
note by Mr. Attorney-General Sir J. Popham for a commission to 
examine the same in Ireland, pp. 2. 

May 12. 19, 20. Two more copies of the above, pp. 4. 

May 12. 21. Answer of Sir William Herbert to the Articles. He has a 
seignory of 12,000 acres at 4id. per acre. pp. 2. 

[May 12.] 22. Answer of Charles Herbert, Esq., one of Her Majesty's Under- 
takers for lands in the county of Kerry, to the 13 Articles. He has 
undertaken to people a seignory of 4,000 acres in Kerry. The rent 
reserved in his patent is 4ed. an acre. There are on his seignory 
about 50 English and 20 Irish ; also 10 ploughs, viz., seven horse 
ploughs and three ploughs of oxen, 200 milch kine, 400 sheep, 
300 swine,, or thereabouts, as he thinketh, and that he himself has had 
his part of 100 acres of wheat and rye and his part of 300 acres of 
barley and oats, and 60 acres of peas and beans. [AutogJ] pp. 2. 

[May 12.] 23. The answer of Sir George Bowrchier to the Articles for the 
Undertakers in Munster. [AutogJ] p. 1. 

[May 12.] 24. The answer of Sir Edward Denny to Her Majesty's Articles 
touching the proceedings of the Undertakers. He hath undertaken 
to people 6,000 acres. He has assigned 1,000 acres to Mr. Edward 
Gray, son to Lord John Gray, and is to allot unto farmers copy- 
holders, according to Her Majesty's plot, as folio weth, viz. . 

Freeholders. Thomas Blennerhasset, gent, Anthony Randall, 

Farmers. Mr. Skip with, Mr. Ry croft, William Adams. 

Copyholders. Simon Rookes, Walter Chapman, William Penred, 
Christopher Barton, John Harrowe, William Foundes, William 
Fleete, John Carpenter, Robert Preste ats Fletcher, Davies, Simon 
Dye, John Tredle. 

Cottagers. Thomas Ryder, William Fardinge, John Dutchman, 
tailor, George Sawyer, Jerome Burton, Jesper the millwright, George 
Natt, Hynton, weaver, Bardall, shoemaker, Thomas, fisherman 
Frawdesome, and Henry Smyth. Signed by Sir Edward Denny, to 
which he has added the following holograph postscript. To the fifth 
article, by way of further answer to the rents, I say, Sir, that for the 
not levying of them, the most part thereof is not liable to the debt, 
in respect that there is neither manurance, people, nor cattle upon 
the land, and so " impossible " to be levied or answered, pp. 2. 


1589. VOI..CXLIV. 

[May 12.] 25. Answer for William Trenchard, Esq., by his agent, Richard 
Gill, tenant. He has undertaken to inhabit 1,200 acres. He has 
11 ploughs, 500 cows, and 400 sheep. His tenants have 10 ploughs, 
500 cows, and 400 sheep, pp. 2. 

[May 12.] 26. Answer of Hugh Cuflfe, Esq., undertaker. He has a seignory 
of 12,000 acres, &c. [Autog.] pp. 3. 

May 12. 27. Answer of Sir Walter Rawley to certain articles to be answered 
unto by the Undertakers for the peopling of Munster. In the margin 
are the answers of Sir Walter Ralegh. He got three seignories and 
a half He has granted 14 freeholds and several leases and copy- 
holds. There remaineth unto him only an old castle and demesnes, 
which old castle and demesnes are in the occupation of the old 
Countess of Desmond for her jointure. Patrick Condon, Thomas of 
Desmond, and James his son are the only dangerous Irish, but of 
themselves are not strong, pp. 2. 

[May 12.] 28. A note or abstract of the names of all such freeholders, fee 
farmers, lessees for years, copyholders, and cottagers, as are inhabiting 
upon the lands and possessions of Sir Walter Ralegh, knight, Lord 
Warden of the stanneries of Cornwall and Devon, viz., in the 

COUNTY OF WATERFORD. Copyholders and Cottagers. 

Roger Hodges, Thomas Williams, John Thomas, Walter Harrye, 
Nabugodonizer Jewell, David Steven, Henry Marshe, William 
Warde, Nicholas Nowell, Thomas James, William Harrye, Thomas 
May, Edward Ryppingale, William Uffett, Edward Draper, Mathew 
Powell, John Sawer, William Carpenter, Robert Armetredinge, his 
wife and family, Henry Welche, wi. fa., Marten Chambers, wi. fa., 
Grabriel Mactieves, wi fa., John Nevill, wi. fa., Hugh Graterix, 
wi. fa., Thomas Deckes, wi fa., James Masone, wi. fa., John Laughlen, 
wi fa., Thomas Curtes, wi. fa., Thomas Osborne, wi. fa., Robert 
Gerrett, wi fa., John Thorpe, wi. fa., William Bennett, wi. fa., Thomas 
Mallard, wi. fa., John Sawer, Richard James, Morrys Sallisburye. 

All these persons do inhabit the single plough-lands of freeholders, 
not of any part of the demesnes of any of the principal castles. Six 
ploughs of garrans, 200 rother beasts, 300 sheep, 200 acres fallow, 
besides goats and swine, and hackneys, garrans, and stud, 50. 

Upon Kilmacowe, Lessees. 

John Carpenter, wife and family, Joyce Adrian, wife and family : 
one plough, 100 ruther cattle, -60 sheep, and 50 acres of fallow, 
besides goats and swine. 

Upon Mogitta, Freeholders, Lessees, and Copyholders. 

Thomas Salisbury, gent., wi. fa., John Darbyshire, merchant, 
Dennyse Fysher, merchant, Gwye Towes, merchant, Giles Towes, 
merchant, Walter Pobshedd, wi. fa., Lawrence Leachlade, wi. fa., 
Richard Johnson, John Kynge, wi. fa., William Seadon, Alexander 
Stynte, clerk. 



Upon Lesfynnye, Tottowe and the Sheanen. 

Andrew Colthurst, wi. fa., Thomas Colthurst, wi. fa., Richard 
Colthurst, wi. fa., Walter Denham, John Starkeye, Ambrose Wilde, 
Thomas Pitcher, Richard Roe, William Love, William Brown, 
Edward Hill, William Haselwoode, Alexander Catherall, John Stokes 
the miller, wi. fa. 

Upon the River of Bryde, Lessees, Freeholders, <fcc. 

John Wekes, gent., wi. fa., Same well Cowley, merchant, Bartho- 
lomew Webb, John Coxe, wi. fa, John Peerce, wi. fa., John Putt, 
wi. fa., Richard Wolcott, Thomas Burke, M. Butler, wi. fa., Thomas 
Evered, Edward Young, wi. fa., John Mawle wi. fa. 
Upon the lands of Ballyphillip and Strongcatty, freeholders and 


Captain Maries, Nicholas Hasellwoode, William Bleyte, Francis 
Maries, Richard Shahen,Thomas Gryffen, Trystrame Pease, Robert the 
baker, Nycholas Fox the boy, Lieutenant Davis, Lieutenant Berrye, 
John Style, Rowland Manusf eilde, James Keyre, John Achelley, John 
Bramsone, William Manusfeilde, their wives and families. 

KUlnaruana alias Thickpennyes 1 own. 
Robert Thickpennye, Phillip Fallyn, wives and fa. 

Upon the Castle and Lands of BaUynetra. 

Robert Mawle, wi. fa., Robert Hawkyns, Robert Hamond, John 
Waterman, David Waterman, Robert Pynnye, John Selland, Owen 
the boy. 

Upon the Abbeyhouse of MoUanna. 
Thomas Harriott, gent, and his family. 

Upon KiUmac Nicholas. 
Richard Nicholas, Thomas Denham, wi. fa. 

Upon the Lands of Temple Michael and Castle Myles. 
Anthony Floyer, Esq., Anthony Carewe, gent., and families. 

THE COUNTY OF CORK. Upon the Barony of Inchequyne. 

William Andrewes, Esq., Richard Croker, gent., Geo. Connyers, 
gent., Thomas Hill, gent., Thomas Meyseye, sen., Thomas Meyseye, 
jun., Thomas Grynte, William Cade, John Johnsone, Godfrey Brick- 
land, John Purdye, smith, Francis Johnsone, William Byrten, 
Thomas Whightehedd, William Reve, Thomas Reynolds, John 
Andrewe, Henry Darrell, their wives and families. 
Uppon Whightes Island. 

Thomas Allen, Esq., William Badby, gent 
Uppon Ballymarter. 

Henry Moyle, Esq., now Sheriff, wi. fa. 
My Lord Warden and his own Company daily attendant upon him. 

Captain Fulford, Thomas Hutton, John Helye, Robert Carewe, 
Charles his page, John Horseman, William Deane, William Masters, 
Michael Hewes, Lewis Barbor, Edmond Randall, Thomas Hobbes, 


1589 VOL. CXLIV. 

Robert Cooke, Thomas Hackefct, Sampson Stebbes, Oliver Garrett, 
Patrick Fagen, William Yeates, Cayheir MacDonogh, Manus Mac 
Sheeth, John Trompyter, John Pococke, John the armorer, Conogh 
Fagen. The ploughs and stocks of all these are given. Also there 
were divers not set down, because they had gone into England to 
fetch their families. 

(Signed) W. RALEGH, pp. 6. 

May 12. 29. Note how the revenue in Munster may be answered. Mr. 
Roger Manwaringe fit to be appointed collector, p. 1. 

May 13. 30. Thomas Jones, Bishop of Meath, to Burghley. Although 
Drogheda. there is in Connaught a gentleman of great value, and one that 
feareth God, yet I do find every where such grudging and discontent 
in that people at the manner of his government that I stand in 
fear the whole province almost, will shortly revolt. The causes 
which have lately stirred the Burkes, Sir Morough ne Doe O'Flaherty 
and others of that province to enter into action are, as I conceive 
them, these following : 

1. The hanging of some gentlemen of good sort, of lands and living 
by marshal law, without calling of them to their ordinary trial, for 
doing whereof there is grounded in the people's hearts a general 
distrust and terror of their governor. 

2. The unadvised granting of commissions to prosecute such as 
were protected with fire and sword. 

3. The taking away of men's lands, and putting them out of 
possession by provincial orders, notwithstanding they do submit 
themselves to the trial of their interests by the order of Her Majesty's 

4. The great oppression of captains and soldiers, travelling in the 
country who ordinarily take meat, drink, and money ; of sheriffs 
and sub-sheriffs who usually charge the country with a greater 
number, of men than the proclamation doth allow ; of bailifls-errants, 
kerneties, and other officers : all of whom commit great abuses, and 
do quite break the covenants of their late composition. 

Unless some speedy prevention be used Her Majesty will lose 
great part of her revenue in that province, and the country itself 
will shortly be dispeopled. 

Sir Richard Bingham is now prosecuting the Burkes and Sir 
Morough ne Doe with 14 bands of soldiers, all which are a won- 
derful charge to that province especially to the town of Gal way 
(a town of such force that I think Her Majesty in both Her king- 
doms hath not the like), which during the time of our late abode 
there was greatly overcharged with the most of these soldiers, and 
the more earnestly we the Commissioners sought for pacification, the 
more busily did Sir Richard by daily entertainment and increase 
of soldiers bend all his endeavours to wars, which in truth is the 
cause that our book hath not so perfect a conclusion as your 
Lordship may expect. Holog, pp. 2. 

May 14. 31. Answer of Thomas Fleetwood in the behalf of Marmaduke 
Redmayne, Christopher Carus, John Calvert, and himself to _the 
Articles of May 12, 



[May 14.] 32. Answer of Thomas Fletewoode, Esq., to the Articles of 12 May. 
[Autog.] pp. 2. 

[May 14.] 33. Answer of Marmaduke Redmayne to the same, being in 
partnership with T. Fletewode. [Autog.~] pp. 3. 

May 14. 34. Lord Deputy to Burghley. Condolence on the death of Lady 
Drogheda Burghley. Untrue reports sent over to England touching the 
(iredath). p r j soners wno escaped. Deputy's good opinion of Sir Richard 
Bingham continued notwithstanding the report of the Commis- 
sioners. He has never given occasion of unfriendliness to Sir John 
Perrot. Great praise of Loftus, whom Burghley had thought to 
recall to England as a man meeter for the bishopricks of Durham, 
Ely, or London, than any to be chosen in England. Ireland has 
great need of Loftus. His daughters are married, the eldest to 
Sir Henry Cowley's son George, the second to Henry, a son of 
Humphry Warren, the third to Thomas, the son of Sir Anthony 
Colclough, and the fourth to one William Ussher, an alderman's son, 
of Dublin. Prays that Mr. Browne, of Mulrancan, may have the 
benefit of his grant, pp. 4. Incloses, 

34. i. A true report made by the Bishops of Meath and KUmore, 
Sir Robt. Dillon, Sir Nicholas White, and Sir Thomas Le Strange, 
being lately sent Commissioners into Connaught, joined with 
Sir Richard Bingham,, Chief Commissioner of that province, to 
parley with Sir Morough Ne Doe 0' Flaherty and the Burkes for a 
pacification. Of the manner of their parley with the said Sir 
Morough and Burkes and of otJier occurrences in that service : 
delivered to the Lord Deputy and Council in their return from 
that province upon their straight commandment, the 4tth day of 
May 1589. 

1. The said Commissioners came to Athlone the llth of April. 
Sir R. Bingham disliked their coming. He would not meet them 
on the way or come out of his bedchamber to bid them welcome. 

2. Sir Richard wrote letters blaming the townsmen of Galway 
for asking for Commissioners. In the said letters he termed 
Sir Morough varlet and " bagger," saying further that he would 
pull him down for rising again in haste, and would make him 
'a terror and an example to all Ireland. 

3. At Athlone Sir Richard was very unwilling that Mr. Fowle, 
Provost Marshal of that province, should be employed to draw the 
rebels to a treaty, "for" said Sir Richard, "he is to attend my 
stirrup" He urged the employment of Mr. Comerford, the attorney 
of Connaught, whom the rebels hated deadly. 

4. On Saturday morning the 12th of April we sent from Athlone 
the Bishop of KUmore, Mr. Fowle, and Edward White, clerk of the 
council of that province, to Mayo to draw the rebels to a parley, and 
we the other Commissioners set forwards towards Galway with 
Sir Richard Bingham. 

5. In this our travel great complaints were made of the abuses of 
the soldiers, that ordinarily they took meat, drink, and money, not- 
withstanding the covenants of the late composition. Sir Richard 


1589. VOL.CXLIV. 

was very impatient in the matter, defended the soldiers, and said 
it could not be otherwise. 

6. JRobuck French and Nicholas Lynche, aldermen, were sent 
from Galway to Sir Morough' s own country with a protection for 
him, and to draw him to come to a parley. 

7. Before their departure Robuck French (in whose house we the 
Bishop of Heath and Sir R. Dillon were lodged) informed us the 
said Bishop and Sir Robert that before any of these broils 
Sir Morough himself of his own accord came to the walls of their 
town and earnestly desired a parley, unto whom the said Robuck 
said I myself was sent by the mayor. Sir Morough protested by a 
solemn oath that his purpose never was to rebel against Her 
Majesty or to hurt 'any good subject, but that he had sustained great 
wrongs from the governor of the province, and therefore he desired 
a protection from the mayor and aldermen that he might come 
into the town and declare his griefs, that they might be signified to 
the Lord Deputy and Council, and he himself in the mean season 
would remain in the town amongst his friends, until the pleasure 
of the Lord Deputy and Council were known. Mr. Comerford the 
attorney dissuaded the Mayor from granting any such protection, 
saying thus : Sir Morough is a knight ; if he witt come in simply, 
let him come, if not, I would not wish you to grant him protection, 
whereupon Sir Morough departed because he could not get a pro- 
tection, which the mayor and aldermen durst not give for fear of 
Mr. Gerald Comerford. 

8. On Tuesday the 14 April the townsmen prayed Sir R. Sing- 
ham to place a troop of kerne (whom he had entertained) outside 
the town. Mr. Comerford advised that the kerne should be placed 
by west the town, which is in Sir Morough' s country. Sir Morough 
Ne Doe would hardly come to the Commissioners if such a troop 
were placed in his way. The kerne were placed by east the town. 

9. Sir Richard reproved the townsmen for writing to the Lord 
Deputy for Commissioners, saying he would with 200 men have 
banished that knave Sir Morough out of his country, and much 
better have ended the matter himself. 

10. Dominick Martin, the recorder, informed Sir Richard in 
this consultation that the mayor and aldermen were willing to 
give Sir Morough the protection he asked for [vide par. 7], but 
that Mr. Comerford, who was then with the mayor, advised them in 
no sort to protect him, alledging that Sir Morough had Spaniards 
with him, which by proclamation was made treason ; therefore it 
should be a great danger for them to protect him. The mayor and 
aldermen durst not undertake to protect him, fearing if they had 
so done Sir Richard would have taken him out of their hands, and 
so they should have lost their credits. 

11. Mr. Comerford is a man wholly addicted to feed Sir Richard's 
humour m all things, especially for prosecution of wars. 

12. At dinner at Sir Richard's table, G. Comerford stated, with- 
out being provoked by any thereto, that there was no other means 
to quiet the province but by war. 


1589. VOL - CXLIV - 

13. This Mr. Comerford in consideration of the burning of a 
thatched house of his by an accident, being not worth above 40s. or 
21., had a commission to take in every barony throughout the whole 
province tJie sum of Gl., by virtue whereof distresses were taken to 
Mr. Comerford's iise. 

14. On 17 April Sir Richard announced that the Bishop of 
Kilmore, Mr. Fowle, and White had parleyed with Wm. Burke, 
alias the Blind Abbot, Richard Burke, alias M'Deole E Corran, 
[MacDeamhan-an-Chorrairi], and others, and had taken peace 
with them for a sevennight for themselves only, but not for Walter 
" Ne Mulley," who had been sent out with six score sivords towards 
the barony of Tireragh, Ballimote, and those parts. 

15. Sir RicJiard wished to send out 200 soldiers to cut between 
the said Walter Ne Mully and those with him, and their fastness. 

16. The Bishop of Meath urged that nothing should be attempted 
against Walter Ne MuUey till the return of the Commissioners sent 
to Sir Morough Ne Doe and to the Burkes. 

17. Sir Richard and his brother Sir George were impatient at 
this, saying What .if the -country be spoiled ! Who shall answer 
for it ? 

18. TJie Bishop of Meath answered that we had given a protection 
for these men that they might [come to us, and that it was meet we 
should keep our words with them howsoever they shall deal with us. 
" Wliat," said Sir Richard, " would you have us keep our words 
with those which have no conscience, but break, their words daily. 
I am not of that opinion." 

19. Sir Richard said that all the townsmen favour Sir Morogh 
Ne Doe, and that the safety of the Commissioners required a good 
English guard in Galway. 

20. Sir Robt. Dillon spoke : Sir Richard, we are sent hither to 
make peace (if it may be), that is our errand. If you of yourself 
will have wars, you are governor of this province and have the 
commanding of Her Majesty's forces, you may do as seemeth good 
unto you." Sir Richard answered, " No, I will make stay until 
we see what good you can do ; and so he departed." 

21. Presently a letter was brought from Mr. Fowle, reporting 
a parley with the Burkes. 

22. On April 19, the Bishop of Kilmore, Mr. Fowle, and Edward 
White arrived at Galway. 

23. When the Burkes came within sight of the Commissioners, 
Wm. Burke, alias the Blind Abbot, pulled out of his bosom a com- 
mission, and did hold the same in his hand stretched forth all the 
way. When asked tJie cause of the late outrages against Her 
Majesty, Wm. Burke, alias the Blind Abbot, and Richard Burke, 
alias M'Deole O'Curran, pointed to the commission, being 
directed to Mr. Browne from their governor, Sir R. Bingham, 
wherein the said Mr. Brmvne was commanded, notwithstanding 
they were then in Her Majesty's protection, to prosecute them with 
fire and sword. They asked whether ever any people were so dealt 

withal, or whether they had not just cause to stand upon their own 


1589. VOL.CXLIV. 

guard for the safety of their lives which were thus sought. Tftey 
refused to give up the commission, saying they would carry or send 
it to the Queen. The Bishop of Kilmore took a copy, which is to 
the following effect : 

24, 25, and 26. Sir Richard Bingham to John Brmvne, Esq., 
Jan. 13, 1589. - Forasmuch as the protected Burkes in Mayo have 
not only broken their protections but daily annoy and spoil Her 
Majesty's subjects, Mr. Browne is authorised to levy soldiers and to 
prosecute the said traitors and disobedient persons with fire and 
sword, and to prey, burn, and spoil their maintainers and re- 
lievers ; also to take sufficient meat and dri/nk for himself and 
companies when and where necessary, paying such price for the 
same as Her Majesty in like cases of service is accustomed. 

27. The Burkes at the time of the showing of this commission to 
the Bishop of Kilmore, Mr. Fowle, and White, made offer that if it 
could be proved that they had broken their protection, as in this 
commission is attedged, or done the worth of a groat of harm to any 
man living before such time as Mr. Brmvne encountered with them, 
or before John Gilson had killed men, women, and children of 
their followers ; then they submitted themselves and their lives to 
the halter of their own accord. 

28. There was delivered into the hands of the Bishops of Meath 
and Kilmore and Sir Robt. Dillon a letter from, Sir Richard 
Bingham, to one Daniel Daly, his servant, then sub-sheriff of Mayo, 
of 12 Jan. 1589, requiring him, to join with Mr. Browne in pro- 
secuting the protected Burkes. 

29. The true copy of which letter is this, which followeth. Daniel 
Daly, before the receipt of your letter, I had given order to Mr. [John] 
Browne for the levying of men to prosecute and follow the protected 
Burkes, being both written unto by Mr. Browne, and to the same 
effect dealt withal by John Gilson, who is now here. Hovjbeit I pray 
you join yourself with Mr. Browne and what forces you can make, 
and you both together do what service upon them, you may. Touch- 
ing Thomas M' Jordan Ne Caple and the other, they shall not be 
enlarged, but you shall know of it beforehand. You must keep 
this secret, for none knows of it but Mr. Browne and Gilson ; dated 
Athlone, 12 Jan. 1588-9. 

30. 31. Also another letter, dated Jan. 3, 1589, from Sir Richard 
to the said Daly, directing him to seize all the goods and chattels of 
the Devil's Hook's son and his allies, in whose custody and keeping 
soever the said goods and chattels may be within the county of 

32, 33. The following is what occurred at the parley with the 
Burkes. The Burkes said that determining to live in obedience 
they procured pardons to their great charges; and that notwith- 
standing, some of them were executed by marshal law which were 
of lands and livings. Finding pardons useless, they procured pro- 
tection to their great charges, during which term Mr. Browne 
coming with great force to take their goods and kill their people 
they could do no less than defend themselves. The governor sought 


1589. VOL.CXLIV. 

their destruction for their goods, and not tJteir reformation. If Sir 
Richard were removed, and any other that they might trust appointed 
to govern them they would willingly yield their obedience. They 
tJiought Sir Richard a devil, and all that followed hvm to be devils 
that sought to deceive Her Majesty and her people. They would 
rather endure any extremity than obey him. 

The Devil's Hook's son said no people could endure the outrage 
of so bad officers as were amongst them, and therefore they could 
not endure to have any English to dwell amongst them, which afore- 
time they were glad of. 

Richard Burke, the DeviVs Hook's son, and the Blind Abbot's son 
stood upon terms to have a M' William. 

They say that the terms of the composition were violated by the 
exactions of sheriffs and soldiers. Whatsoever direction comes from 
Her Majesty and the Lord Deputy Sir Richard Bingham will not 
suffer it to be observed. They can give no credit to any man's 
speeches how smooth soever. They told Edward White he needed a 
handkerchief to hide or wipe his face for shame ; he had so often 
gone about to deceive them with fair words without 'meaning to 
perform any good thing. Richard Burke said he would give his life 
to have liberty for one hour to declare to Her Majesty the abuses o] 
Sir Richard Bingham and his tyranny. He also said : We under- 
stand we are come out of England, and that we are come out of the 
best houses there, and yet we are noiv used worse than any other, 
whether English or Irish. 

34-38. Sir Richard Bingham thought to send Mr. Fowle away to 
Roscommon to deal with the Clandermots. On our entreating him 
to let Mr. Fowle stay to assist us he took it impatiently. Sir Robt. 
Dillon said to him. : Sir, " Do we what we can, if it please you to 
have wars you will have them, and if you will have peace it shall 
be peace." Mr. Fowle was in the end allowed to stay with us. 

39. Sir Richard undertook that one Oilson, who had killed one 
of the Burkes' followers, a woman who came to kiss him, a child in 
her arms, and an old man of 90, should be forthcoming. 

40, 41. On Sunday, April 21. Sir Richard asked our opinions 
what were meetest to be done respecting O'Rourke, who invaded the 
parts about Ballymote. O'Rourke had in a policy a long time 
been forborne not for his deserts, but for some other respects. We 
advised him to consult the Lord Deputy, as the making of wars 
with O'Rourke was a thing without the compass of our com- 

42. On the 23rd April there came into the town of Galway Ulick 
Burke, Walter Ne Mully Burke, and Robert O'Maley to parley with 
us. Orders were given to the soldiers not to minister any cause of 
terror unto them. Notwithstanding Francis Bingham (Lieut, of 
Sir Richard's foot band), in the streets began to speak to Walter Ne 
Mully. " I took you for a friend, but now I see you are an enemy." 
r lhe three came to Robuck French's house, where I the Bishop of 
Meath and Sir Robt. Dillon were. Sir Richard sent for us a little 
before 7 of the clock. I the bishop, to whom the message was 
delivered, answered that our supper was newly set upon the board 
and that we ivovdd make a very short supper and come unto him ; 
** 41 M 




and accordingly about tie middest of our supfter, we went to 
Sir Richard. 

Some time after we were come to Sir RicJiard's lodging and, 
there were set, this happened. 

There came to Robuck Frenches door six soldiers, in which 
company were Ned Cooke, Auncient of Sir Richard's band, and 
John Beingly, one of Sir Ricfaird's soldiers, forcibly striving to 
break open the door. Also there were 10 other soldiers, in which 
company was Capt. Wekes, captain of a late band erected by 
Sir Richard Bingham, with their weapons prepared for their 
assistance. The door- was kept ivithin by Edmond Frenche, son to 
Robuck, and the servants of the house. TJtey that were in tlie Juill 
above, especially Robuck himself and the BisJiop's man, looked out 
of the windows, wherein was no glass, and demanded tltc cause of 
that uproar, but they were by the soldiers in the street forced to shut 
the windows, having leaves of wood, the soldiers throwing against 
the windows great stones, so as they dared not look out. Ulick 
Burke, Walter Ne Mully, and Robert O'Maley, dismayed with this 
assault, prepared themselves with their weapons to keep the hall, 
but soon after, because they could not break open the door, the 
soldiers departed, and no hurt was done. These things were re- 
ported to Sir Richard Bingham. He in our presence committed 
Francis Bingham to ward, but soon after enlarged him. Sir 
Riclutrd excused the soldiers, saying in all likelihood they were 
soldiers lately come to the town of Rainold's band which sought for 

43 to 46. The said Ulick, Walter, who speak-eth English, and 
Robert, were asked tJie cause of the late broils. 

They answered that Mr. Browne had a commission to prosecute 
them with fire and sword, that it was found in Mr. Browne s 
pocket, and that they had secret intelligence of it when tlvey en- 
countered Mr. Brown. Walter said that Wm. Bowen before any 
of these broils had forcibly entered into a castle of his, which first he 
besieged, notwithstanding many times he had offered to stand to the 
trial of law ; that Christopher Garvey, son to the Bishop of Kilmore, 
had ^crongfuUy taken a castle and lands from him ; that Daly, the 
sub-sheriff, kept four or five score persons attending him, and so 
charged the country, and that the said Daly uttered everywhere that 
he Jtad a commission to kill him, the said Walter Ne Mutty. 

47-49. Ulick Burke answered in few words and very wisely : 
that in the name of the Burkes he desired a sure peace, that the 
sheriffs have more men about them chargi/ng the country than the 
proclamation doth allow of, which should be restrained, and that they 
are content with all willingness to pay Her Majesty's composition. 
50. Sir Richard Bingham began to use a long discourse, con- 
taining a purgation of himself and of his officers, and directing his 
speeches to the said Ulick and Walter, seeking, as we conceive, to 
entangle them he said, " Nay, Sirs, would you not be clean rid of 
a sheriff, or would you not have a M' William established amongst 
you." In our presence none of them at any time made mention or 
ever desired a M l William, neither could we perceive that they stood 
upon any such matter. 


1589. VOL.CXLIV. 

51, 52. After this we told them that if they desired peace then 
they sftould bring to us their principal men, mz., Sir Morogh Ne 
Doe, Wm. Burke, alias the Blind Abbot, Richard Burke, alias 
M'Deole O'Corran [Devil's Hook's son], 1'eig Ne Bully, Mailer Oge 
M' Walter Fade Burke, for whom we presently sent protection by 
Walter Ne Mully and Ulick Bnrke. We agreed that the two 
aldermen, Robuck Frenche and Nicholas Lynch, should accompany 
them, but Nicholas Lynch afterwards did not go though commanded 
by us so to do. 

53. This Friday morning Sir Richard sent Mr. Comerford tc 
give warning to Robt. Cf Molly to keep his lodging, and not to come 
abroad because he feared the fury of the soldiers, and that he should 
be killed by some of them, before any man were aware thereof. 

54. Sir Morough and Wm. Burke, alias the Blind Abbot, with 
others of their confederates, sent this message that they were very 
desirous to parley with us, the five commissioners, but in no sort 
^vo^dd come into Sir Richard's presence. They affirmed that all the 
wrongs they had to complain of were done unto them by Sir Richard 
and his officers. They would in no sort come into the tmvn of 
Galway for fear of the soldiers, but prayed us to meet them, at a 
castle called the Newcastle, within a quarter of a mile from Galway 
by boat, at one of the clock in the afternoon. 

55. We sent Robuck French with 20 shot of his kinsfolk and some 
of our own trusty servants to hold the castle for us, ivherein we 
might be safe during the parley. At the hour appointed we met to- 
getfter in the Abbey by the waters side, and there staying together fur 
a time till the boats were ready for us to pass over, this accident 

56. There came into the Abbey two of Sir Richard's household 
men, and one of Sir George Bingham's men. Two of them were 
apparelled in women's mantels and caps, and the third in a black 
gown. They passed through the abbey into the cloister, we being in 
the upper part of the chancel. I, tfte Bishop of Meath, said, Let us 
go and tarry no longer, for I see they do begin to mock us already. 
So soon as we were in the boat they three, accompanied by others, 
came into the cJiancel, and there challenging to themselves the names 
of Her Majesty's Commissioners, one said : I am the Bishop of 
Meath ; another said, I am the Bishop of KUmore ; and another 
said, I am Sir Robt. Dillon ; and so of the rest. He that challenged 
the name of the Bishop of Meath began on this wise, saying, Now 
speaks the Bishop of Meath. You are they which have put out those 
men into rebellion against Her Majesty, to spoil the country and 
to hurt the subjects. How are you able to ansiuer this ? Another 
of themselves rose up, and with a low courtesy began to say, I trust 
your Lordship shall be better informed. To the like effect a descant 
^uas made of the other four Commissioners. The three first- 
mentioned actors then in that disguised sort went through the 
streets of Galway. saying thus; Room for the Queen's Com- 
missioners. I am the Bishvp of Meath, said one ; another said, I 
am the Justice Dillon, reverence for the Queen's Commissioners, &c. 

57-59. There came to us at the Newcastle Sir Morogh Ne Doe 

M 2 




'Flaherty, Wm. Burke, alias the Blind Abbot, Teig Ne Bully, and 
Ulick Burke, who being demanded what had moved them to com- 
mit the late outrages, and ivhat their errand ivas now. They 
answered that peace was what they desired. 

Sir Morough said he had received great ^uroncJ8 ; (1) tltat a great 
part of that chief ry which was given him by tlte composition was 
now taken from him. (2) That certain lands were taken from him by 
provincial orders, contrary to tftt order of Sir John Perrot that he 
should continue his possession in those lands, until they were evicted 
from him by order of Her Majesty's laws. (3) Tfiat the Islands of 
Arran were taken from him ; and (4) that when he sent his serjeant 
to take up that little chiefry which was reserved unto him, the serjeant 
was hanged. All which notwithstanding should never have moved 
him to break his obedience, were it not for the Commission sent from 
Sir Richard to Mr. Browne. And what desire he had to live in 
quietness if he might have enjoyed his lands and stood in security 
of his life, he referreth to the testimony of the men of Galway, at 
whose hands he sought for protection as he said. 

60. The Burkes signified their wrongs to be these : The taking away 
of their lands without order of law. The bad usage of the slieriffs 
and sub-sheriffs keeping more men than were allowed them. Of 
Bailiffs errant, of Kernties, and other officers which oppressed their 
country, imprisoned tfteir people, terrified themselves, took away their 
goods, and exacted far more than the composition. All which not- 
withstanding they protested should never have moved them to have 
broken their obedience were it not for the commission given to Mr. 
Browne, whereby they were forced to stand upon their guard. 

61, 62. A second cause they alledged, viz., the hanging of some 
of their gentlemen and followers, being men of land and living, by 
marshal law, especially the two sons of Walter Fadde, and the late 
hanging of Euston M'DoneU, who was hanged for none other cause 
but because he came to Sir Richard and complained of the oppression 
of his soldiers ; and in truth we found a general grudge in every 
man's heart for that execution of Euston [Ustian] M'DoneU by 
marshal law. 

63. We moved them that they would go with ourselves into the 
town of Galway, and that night we would confer of the conditions 
of peace on both sides. This they utterly refused to do, saying 
they would not come near Sir Richard Bingham, and that they were 
assured that whatsoever peace we made with them, when we were de- 
parted the province no part thereof should be kept or performed to 
them, by Sir Richard. 

64. We moved them tJutt tften four of their principal men would 
accompany us to Dublin, to the Lord Deputy and Council, to have 
them, determine according to justice ; and in the mean season we 
would take peace in Her Majesty's name with them for a 'month: 
They said they would consider of that motion against the next day, 
being Saturday, praying us to meet them in the same place. 

65. That night we made report to Sir R. Bingham of the parley. 
He said the men we desired to take ^vith us to Dublin are not worth 
a point, for Sir Morough he is an old beggar, and his country will 
not care for him, and for the rest they are nobody, but we did not 
altar MW iwalutian. 


1589. VOL.CXLIV. 

66. He reproved us all for venturing ourselves to parley in the 
Neivcastle. He said ive had offered him by tJwut our parley great 
disgrace in the pi*ovince. You may, if you like, take them, with you, 
but it is a disgrace for me to have tfiem taken out of the province 
from me which am their immediate governor. He would not be 
satisfied, but said he was ready to resign his government to any four 
of us if we would receive it. 

67. He was greatly displeased with Robert Frenche for levying 
forces, as he termed it, meaning the taking of 20 shot with him by 
our direction to ward the castle for us. This Robuck we found a very 
good instrument to procure and further peace. 

On Saturday we came unto the place of parley, whither came unto 
us Sir Morogh Ne Doe, Ulick Burke, and Walter Ne MuUy, who 
began to offer us many frivolous conditions of peace. 

68. First, Sir Morogh desired peace for himself alone without the 
Burkes, which desire we denied foreseeing that if he were in the 
peace and the Burkes at wars all his followers would follow them, 
and his country would be a receptacle for them. 

Secondly, he desired such a peace that if any harm were done by 
his followers during his being with us he should not be answerable 
for the same, which we denied. 

Thirdly, he moved that in case the peace were broken by any of his 
followers, he might be returned to pi^osecute them himself, and this 
also we rejected, 

The Burkes made the like motions, att which we rejected. We 
offered safe conduct for their four principal men, and standing 
precisely upon this that we would make no peace unless they four 
would go with us and remain as pledges for the assurance of their 

Ulick Burke answered that in case he did go with us to Dublin 
he would pawn his own neck for Richard Burke, M'Deole E Curran, 
i.e., the Devil's Hook's son, and Moyler Oge M' Walter Fadde, but before 
I go, said he, I will have their pledges with myself for my safety. 

In fine they desired liberty to confer with tlieir confederates, and 
we agreed thereunto. 

Soon after they returned this answer unto us that they would de- 
liberate upon that matter two days longer, in which time they meant 
to get into their hands the pledges of such of tlieir confederates as 
tJiey distrusted would not keep the peace, and then would return to 
us, whei^eupon we presently sent them word that we would admit no 
longer delay, and therefore willed tJiese four named either to come to 
the Newcastle by 8 o'clock the next morning to accompany us to the 
Lord Deputy and Council, or else to look /or prosecution ; wherein 
they failed. We departed from Galway on Sunday in the forenoon. 
On Monday in the morning very early Mr. Fowle sent unto us in 
post the copy of this letter doted Portcarrin, 27 April 1589, which 
he had received from Sir Morough and the Burkes on Sunday after 
our departure : Mr. Fowle, you shall understand that there are 
divers and sundry of tJie Burkes and of the 0' Flaherties who would 
be glad of our going in upon such conditions as the Commissioners 
would have us to go, and ivould work some 'means that we might never 
come back, unless we take sufficient assurance of them before we go, 


1589. - CXLIV - 

for the better performing of tJteforfsaid conditions. We will go in 
two of us upon these conditions, that if any of them doe any hurt, 
^ve will either send their own bodies or ready payment unto Her 
Majesty's officr-rs, so that ^ue be not kept ourselves, and if they grant 
us such a protection safe unto our own places again, and to be 
sworn upon the book to us tlvat we shall not be kept for anything of 
tJieir doings until we do come home again. We will go in presently 
and we will undertake if they do any hurt tliat their bodies shall be 
delivered unto your hands or their sufficient payment. 

Or let the Commissioners give us space that we may take their suf- 
ficient assurance and keep it upon our hands until our return. 
And will be content if they commit any fact during our being within, 
tlwt our bodies do lie for it, except we deliver their foresaid assurance 
from us unto your hands. If the Commissioners cannot stay so 
long, let them leave the protection with you. (Signed) Sir Morogh 
Ne Doe 0' Flaherty and Wm. Bourke, alias Hue, Blind Abbot. 

We willed the messenger, Mr. Fowle's servant, to pray his master 
to shew the letter to Sir Richard, because our Commission was deter- 
mined, we being a long day's journey on our way to Athlone. 
Signed by Thomas Jones, Bishop of Meath, John Oarvey, BisJiop of 
Kilmore, Sir Robert Dillon, and Sir Nicholas White. Copy. pp. 27. 

34. ii. Lord Deputy and Council to the Privy Council. Calen- 
dared below, p. 183, No.38. 1589, May 15, Drogheda. Copy. pp. 3. 

34. m. Lord Deputy and Council to Sir Richard Bingham. 
Send the copy of a clause of Her Majesty's letter for tJie temperate 
government of Connaught. Intend to repair to Galway to agree 
with the rebels. Certify him of the Commissioners that are to come 
down to Connaught for pacijication. To stay his prosecution of 
the rebels in Connaught. 1589, May 10, Drogheda. Copy. pp. 2. 

34. iv. Com/mission to tlie Archbishop of Armagh and others, 
among whom is Sir Thomas Le Strange, knight, to draw down to 
Connaught to treat for a pacijication in Connaught till the repair 
of tJte Lord Deputy to Galway. ; 1589, May 10, Drogheda. Copy. 

34. v. Order made by the Lord Deputy and Council in the con- 
troversy between O'Neill and the Earl of Tyrone. Tyrone to 
hold the lands leased to him, by Sir Tirlogh O'Neill for a further 
period of four years, making in all seven years, and to pay an ad- 
ditional rent of 300 fat beeves annually. 1589, May 16, Drogheda. 
Copy. pp. 3. 

34. vi. Answer of the Lo/rd Deputy Fitzwylliam to Sir John 
Perrot's objections. Original, with an attestation of the Council 
of Ireland. May 9. Calendared from a copy at p. 1 62, No. 6. pp. 3. 

35. Book drawn by Barnabe Ryche, and delivered to the Lord 
Deputy Fitzwilliam for the reformation of Ireland. He attacks the 
Irish clergy for many faults, and alledges that it was only they that 
stood against the erecting of a University in Ireland. The Pope 
hath too many subjects in Ireland who will never be good subjects 





May [15] 


to Her Majesty, pp. 19. [See the note at p. 1 07 of the Calendar of 
State Papers, Ireland, 1608-1610, by Dr. Russell and Mr. Prender- 
yast, appended to a letter from Barnabe Eyche to Lord Salisbury.] 

May 14. 36. Brief declaration by Auditor Peyton of the increase of the 
revenues in Ireland within the time of Sir John Perrot's govern- 
ment, with an answer to the same. pp. 2. 

Lord Deputy and Council to Her Majesty. Receipt of Her 
Majesty's letter of 1589, April 15. Have compounded the contro- 
versy between the Earl of Tyrone and Sir Tirlough Lynagh O'Neill 
after nine days travail and often debating of their titles by their 
learned counsel. The sons of the late great traitor Shane O'Neill 
expected to enter into the lands and forts upon Sir Tirlough 
receiving them back from the EarL No suitors shall be recom- 
mended but by the Deputy and some of the Council jointly. The 
bands to be kept full. Have sent to Sir Richard Byngham a copy 
of a part of Her Majesty's letter of 15 April for a temperate course 
of government. Order given for stay of the grant to Mr. Browne 
of Mulrancan of SQL in fee farm, and also of his admittance into 
the commission of the peace. [Entry Book, Ireland, Folios, VoL XII., 
p. 253.] Copy. p. 1. [A dated copy is inclosed, No. 51. I.] 

37. Petition of William Brown of Mulrancan to Her Majesty. 
His incessant employment in service 14 years. Prays for a fee 
farm of 40. His charges have been 400. and his losses 1,000 
p. I. 

38. The Lord Deputy and Council of Ireland to the Privy Council. 
Transmit a report of the Commissioners sent to deal with the 
rebels in Connaught. Considering various matters and having 
regard to Her Majesty's caution given in her last letter to have 
the inferior governments of the realm carried temperately, and 
particularly that of Connaught, and also considering that the 
Commissioners found in the rebels no want of inclination to peace 
if the same had not been sinisterly interrupted, we have eftsoons 
thought good to send some of the Commissioners back again having 
in the meanwhile written to Sir R. Bingham to cease from prose- 
cution and to cass most of the newly erected bands. 

We have despatched again into their countries the Earl of 
Tyrone, Sir Turlough Lynagh O'Neill, M'Mahon, Collo M'Brian's 
sons with other chieftains of the north who attended at Drogheda. 
It was not easy to decide the controversy between the Earl of 
Tyrone and Sir Turlough Lynagh O'Neill. If the possession of 
the land had been given again to the latter it would have made 
a way open for the late great traitor Shane O'Neill's sons to 
have entered therein. Their followers are greatly addicted to them in 
affection. Hugh Gavelagh, one of the said Shane's sons, is attending 
Sir Turlogh. Sir Turlogh Lynagh having divers years kept in hand 
another of them called Con, a most dangerous man, did set him at 
liberty not long before coming here greatly to our mislike and sus- 
picion. M'Mahon has submitted and yielded to accept of a sheriff. 
Lastly where I the Deputy have advertised a matter preferred against 
the Earl of Tyrone by Hugh Gavelagh who brought with him for a 

May 15. 

May 15, 



1589. VOL.CXLIV. 

witness a man of this country birth. They have both been hearl 
before the Council. The matter is of no great substance. [Autogs.] 
pp< 3. Inclose, 

38. i. Lord Deputy and Council to Sir R. Singham. Calendared 
above, p. 182, No. 34. in. Copy. pp. 2. 

38. ii. Commission to the Archbishop of Armagh and others. 
Calendared above, p. 182, No. 34. iv. Copy. pp. 2. 

38. in. Order made by the Lord Deputy and Council in the con- 
troversy between Sir Turlogh Lynagh O'Neill and Hugh, Earl 
of Tyrone. Calendared above, p. 182, No. 34. v. Copy. pp. 2. 

May 15. 39. Lord Deputy and Council to the Privy Council in favor of 
the bearer Robert Ratcliffe who hath long been employed with his 
bark between Chester and Dublin, and who has lost 8QI. of his 
ship's furniture in the storm in April. [Autogs.] p. 1. 

May 15. 40. Captain E. Barkley to Walsyngham. He has unfolded his 
Dublin. griefs to Sir John Perrot to be by him declared. Prays to resign 
his pension and 15 footmen and to have instead a fee farm or other 
recompense. [Autog.] p. 1. 

May 15. 41. Abstract of the title of Gerrot M'Thomas to the Pallice [co. 
Limerick] which by attainder of Richard M'Thomas is by Parlia- 
ment given to Her Highness. Thomas M* Richard who married 
Margaret Tobin lived in adultery with Finolly Ny Vrien and begot 
Richard M'Thomas the person attainted, who being a bastard had 
no title at time of attainder, but by intrusion on Gerrot M'Thomas 
who is brother and heir of Thomas M'Richard. Referred to the 
examination of the Earl of Ormond and Sir John Perrot, by order 
dated 17 June. pp. 3. 

[May 15.] 42. Copy of the above, indorsed 1589, June 3. p. 1. 

May 15. 43. Petition of Gerrott FitzRichard alias M'Thomas to the Privy 
Council, to let him understand what order has been taken for 
him. p. 1. 

May 15. 44. Petition of Gerrott FitzRichard to Burghley. For a fee farm 
of 20Z. per annum out of certain concealed lands which belonged 
to his ancestor M'Thomas. He has come out of Ireland within 
these two months, p. 1. 

[May 15.] 45. Petition of Gerrott M'Thomas of the Palace, co. Limerick, to 
Sir F. Walsyngham. For speedy despatch of his suit for restitution 
to certain lands escheated to Her Majesty by the attainder of an 
intruder, p. 1. 

[May 15.] 46. Petition of Gerrott FitzRichard to the Lord Treasurer, for 
letters to the Lord Chancellor Loftus and the Master of the Rolls, 
Sir N. White, to revoke the patent which granted his ancestor's 
inheritance to Mr. Richard Beacon, as the said Beacon can not 
entitle Her Majesty to his lands, p. 1 


1589. VOL.CXLIV. 

May 15. 47. A. Loftus, Archbishop of Dublin, and Thomas Jones, Bishop 
Drogheda. o f Meath, to Walsyngham. Great valour of the bearer George 
Greame showed in the field on all occasions during 27 years past. 
[Autogs.] p. 1. 

May 16. 48. Same to Burghley. The bearer G. Greame has obtained 
Drogheda. license to repair to Her Majesty to crave some recompense for his 
painful services. [Autogs.} p. 1. 

May 18. 49. John Shereff to Lord Burghley. He is not able to find 5001. 

The Fleet, security for his return from Ireland. His fine is 300?. The account 
of Jaques Wyngfeld is too long to be taken out of Ireland. He 
has refused his liberty at the suit of his enemies. [Autog.] p. 1. 

May 21 . 50. Lord Deputy Fytzwylliam to Burghley. The valor of the 
Dublin Castle. Earl of Clanricard, and his honorable disposition to do Her Majesty 
service. Sir George Bourchier and Mr. Sent Leger not blameable in 
the matter of their soldiers' mutiny. Plan for keeping the north in 
subjection and banishing Scots. His plan to be laid up under 
Burghley's secret key. [Autog.] pp. 2. Incloses, 

50. i. Captain Nicholas Mordant to the Lord Deputy. The Rigid 
Hon. the Earl of Clanrickarde was directed by Commission from 
Sir R. Bingham to follow the service against O'Rourke, now in 
action of rebellion. I being appointed to assist the said Earl. 
We inarched from Ulfyn out of Roscommon to Beall Amathafadae 
in Co. Sligo the 8th of May, being 14 miles, where we encamped 
ourselves about 4 of the clock in the afternoon, meeting there with 
tlie Sheriff of the County of Sligo and John Brymingham pursui- 
vant, who gave intelligence unto us that O'Rourke was at his house 
of Dromathyely with the most part of all his force, and that the 
Sheriff's opinion ^uas that he would march towards us that night in 
the respect our forces were small. This nobleman hearing of this, 
and being very desirous to serve presently upon O'Rourke, did 
confer with me whether our soldiers were able to march 14 miles 
more that night, to whom I answered we would do our best, and so 
after the setting of our watch we removed our camp, and marched 
towards Dromathyely that night, being in number but 30 horsemen 
of the EarUs, mine oivn band, and Capt. Hugh Mostyn with some 
other light footmen of the Earl's. The night being short the day 
overtook us three 'miles before coming to Dromathyely, and being 
discovered, and our force known O'Rourke had intelligence, and 
made himself ready with a great force, and his chief Captain 
Morogh ny Morth did avow to fight with us ; and when we were 
within half a mile to the town, our scout came in and told us they 
were in battle ready to fight with us ; and presently I did embattle 
our footmen and march towards them. But O'Rourke being 
always a valiant cJiampion fled. The Earl of Clanricard seeing 
the same said, " Captain Mordant I will fottow him with my horse- 
men," I answered him " Good my Lord do not, for your horsemen are 
not able to deal with them," bvt the noble man being so courageous 


1589. VOL.CXLIV. 

would not be persuaded by me, but followed tJtem most bravely 
three miles in most dangerous way. I set out Captain Mostyn 
with loose shot both of mine own and his, with all the light footmen 
the Earl had himself, but no man could come to him. But I must 
needs commend unto your honour the great valour of that noble 
man, who notwithstanding the force of O'Rourke's shot, and gattow- 
glasses, the bullets flying about his ears, he still charging upon them, 
and foremost man still, the villains, half a dozen shot at him at 
once ; who made his horse plunge sidling, and threw the Earl to the 
ground, the spur sticking in the pillion, and by force " teared " the 
spur off his foot, yet he rose up again, and drew his sword most 
valiantly, and stood to his defence, his horsemen bevng a good 
distance from him, but two of his horsemen made great haste, and 
defended him till he got his Aorse again, at which time O'Rourke 
had gotten the bog, and the Earl then cried to his horsemen to charge, 
the loose shot being coming all this while. A gentleman of my 
company catted Derby Neivman, being a better footman than all 
the rest came to the Earl, even as the latter end of O'Rourke's force 
took the bog, the gentleman seeing Morogh ny Morth keeping the 
rereward of O'Rourke's men called to him, and desperately ran 
upon him, and a shot made upon him, missed him, but he most 
valiantly ran the shot through, Morogh then came upon him, and 
wounded him cruelly : then the Earl called for shot, and half a dozen 
of my shot being come unloaded, and Morogh ny Marth was shot, 
and the enemy took him away and set him, over a horse and so 
carried him. I thought to let your honour understand of the 
" value " of this nobleman. Further I am to put yovr honour in 
remembrance as touching my entertainment for my j&umey to the 
north with your honor. Camp at Moymely, May 11. Copy. pp. 2. 

50. II. Sir Richard Bingham [to the Lord Deputy]. His foot- 
men in the mountains followed by the rebels. Desires more forces. 
Prays for 20 barrels of powder with a good proportion of lead and 
match, Extract, p. 1. May 12, Lehence. 

50. in. Sir Richard Bingham and others to the Lord Deputy. 
Relate the particulars of the mutiny of the two half bands oj Sir 
0. Bourchier and Mr. St. Leger during their employment in pro- 
secution of the rebels. Copy. pp. 3. May 14, Lehence. 

50. iv. Fantleroy's note of money paid in England out ty the 
4,OOOL received in April 1 589. Copy. pp. 2. May [2]. 

May 21. 51. Lord Deputy to Walsyngham. Receipt of two letters from 

Dublin Castle. Walsyngham. The suit commenced by Mr. Brabazon against the 

Countess of Kildare for Lecale. The controversy between Tyrone 

and Sir Turlough Lynagh O'Neill compounded. Autograph, pp. 2. 


51. i. Lord Deputy and Council to Her Majesty. Calendered 
above at its date, May 15, at p. 183, no number. Copy. pp. 1. 

51. n. Lord Deputy and Council to the Privy Council, May 15. 
Copy. [Calendered at p. 183, No. 38.] pp. 3. 



1589. VOL.CXLIV. 

51. in. Lord Deputy and Council to Sir Richard Binyham. 

Copy. pp. 2. Mai/ 10, Drogfieda. Calendared at p. 182, No. 
34. in. 

51. iv. Order made by the Lord Deputy and Council. Calendered 
at p. 182, No. 34 v. May 16, Drogheda. pp. 3. 

51. v. Answer of tJie Lord Deputy Fytzivylliam to Sir John 
Perrot's objections. Duplicate original, with an attestation of the 
Council of Ireland, pp. 3. May 9. Calendared p. 162, No. G. 

51. vi. Capt. N. Mordant to the Lord Deputy. May 11, camp at 
Moymely. Calendered above p. 185, No. 50 I. Copy. pp. 2. 

51. vn. Sir R. Bingham. May 12, Lehence. Calendered above 
in despatch to Burghley. p. 186, No. 50 n. Extract, p. 1. 

51. vin. Sir Richard Bingham and others to the Lord Deputy. 
May 14, Lehence. Calendared above, p. 186, No. 50 in. Copy. 

51. ix. Fantleroy'8 note of money paid in England. May [2]. 
Calendered above, p. 186, No. 50 iv. Copy. pp. 2. 

May 21/31. 52. Faculties granted by the Cardinals Commissioners for the 
Rome. Inquisition in Rome to Dermitius [Derby M'Craghe] Bishop of Cork. 
Lot. Copy, certified by Walterus Breghinus. pp. 2. 

May 22. 53. Sir Geff. Fenton to Walsyngham. Thinks no one matter hath 
Dublin. more pushed the Connaught rebels to disobedience than the spurning 
of their own minds against government. 

May 23. 54. Privy Council to the Lord Deputy. Complaint hath been 
Whitehall, exhibited by Robert Rothe, gentleman, in the behalf of the lords, 
gentlemen, and freeholders of the county of Kilkenny, that the lords 
and gentlemen of the Pale, viz., the counties of Dublin, Eastmeath^ 
Westmeath, Louth, and Kildare, in the time of the government of 
Sir William Drury, having promised by way of composition to Her 
Majesty's use, as well in their own names as in the name of the 
gentlemen and inhabitants of the county of Kilkenny and other 
remote counties thereto adjoining the sum of 2,100?. in lieu of the 
accustomed cesse for the victualling of Her Majesty's garrison and 
otherwise, and they taxed in the same composition upon the county 
Kilkenny the sum of 168?. and upon Upper Ossory being, as they 
of Kilkenny alledge, part of that county, the sum of 42?., which in 
the whole do amount to the sum of 210?., being a burden far 
greater than they are able to sustain. The inhabitants of the said 
county of Kilkenny ought not be contributory to that composition, 
because the same was made and set down by those of the Pale for 
the ease of their own charge, without the consent or authority of 
the inhabitants of the said remote counties, and without their 
privity, and that the inhabitants of the county of Kilkenny were 
not defended by the garrison, but were always and are still com- 


1589 VOL. CXLIV. 

pelled to keep soldiers to their own great charges for their necessary 
defence against their troublesome neighbours the Conors, Mores, 
and Kavanaghs. And moreover, they allege that they are not to 
join in charge with the inhabitants of the Pale, because they are 
of far less ability than those of the Pale, and for that the lands 
within the Pale by culture and husbandry are more fertile than the 
remote counties, and better governed and inhabited by reason they 
are far off from the enemy and disordered people. 

We think it meet, and do pray and require your Lordship to 
appoint indifferent Commissioners to enquire of their ability and 
the quantity of their chargeable lands, having respect tc the wastes, 
and the lands lately freed by Her Majesty. Mr. Justice Gardiner, 
Sir Richard Bingham, Justice Walsh, and Her Majesty's solicitor, 
. who are persons not only of integrity, but such also as have no 
freehold within the Pale, are fit persons to be Commissioners. Upon 
the return and certificate of the said Commissioners the amount 
of a composition should be settled. Upper Ossory being parcel of 
that county shall be contributory to that charge, and joined to the 
body of that county, and amenable to assizes and sessions as the 
residue of that county is. The Lords and gentlemen of the Pale 
should be chargeable to pay the sum of 2,100. to Her Majesty, con- 
sidering that it appeareth by the manifold complaints in former 
times that the victualling of Her Majesty's garrison burdened the 
Pale to the yearly charge of 20,000 marks, whereof they are dis- 
burdened during the continuance of the composition, pp. 3. 

May 23. Copy. [Entry Book, Ireland, Folios VoL XII., p. 254.] 

May 23. 55. Sir R. Bingham to Walsyngham. I will press the Earl of Clan- 
Camp at Conge, ricard to pay the 701. more which is yet due to your honour for his 
son's diets at Oxford ; but I doubt I shall not get it so presently 
for his Lordship is somewhat behind hand this year with Her 
Majesty's rents. And for your honor's money due upon O'Rourke, 
for the diets of his son whilst he was at Oxford, I have not re- 
ceived one penny of it yet, and being that he is now in action of 
rebellion, and an intent to make peace with him, I know not when 
I shall be able to come by it ; but as soon as conveniently I may 
(with the Lord Deputy's liking) I will one way or other get it (if it 
please God). In a letter which I sent from Gal way, I advertized 
your honor of the beginning of these stirs within this county of 
Mayo, and of the killing of John Browne, and how I was forbidden 
to proceed in any violent course against the rebels. Their strength 
increased, and Commissioners were sent from Dublin for pacification 
and after 20 days spent in treaty and parley at Galway nothing 
was concluded ; but the rebels taking advantage of our delays, and 
in the midst of this treaty O'Rourke invaded the County of Sligo, 
preyed, burned, and spoiled the same several times. I experienced 
great delays in obtaining forces to go against the rebels. Howbeit 
with the men I had I entered the rebels' fastnesses and marched all 
along their greatest mountains and drove them so from hill to hill 


1589. VOL.CXLIV. 

as they durst not once abide our forces, but they having driven all 
their cattle so far up into their islands to the seasidewards we hit 
upon none of their prey, but retired our forces back into the plains 
without any hurt on our side, and some loss of the rebels. And 
being thus in the midst of my cares how to annoy the enemy 
with best expedition, I have received letters from the Lord Deputy 
signifying the coming again of the Commissioners, and that within 12 
days after his Lordship will follow himself. I feel myself touched and 
malicious[ly] prosecuted divers ways, yet is not all -that so great a 
discouragement unto me as the hinderance and disgrace of Her 
Majesty's service, and the rather for that Her Majesty should thus 
seek unto a race of so treacherous and beggarly a nation, and of so 
little estimation as these are. What may be the end of it I know 
not, but if these men be pardoned and all indignities put up by the 
State, it will be no living for any Englishman in this Province, and 
so indeed the rebels themselves do affirm that none of the English 
shall dwell amongst them. If I be charged or accused of any 
misgovernment, I humbly beseech you to suspend your censures 
over me until I be called before your Lordships of the Council for 
my particular answer, and that for the same purpose I may have 
my passport and licence sent over to me hither ; and that the 
Lord Deputy do not offer me or mine any violence in person or 
otherwise. In truth I have cause to distrust of some hard 
measures here. One great matter charged upon me is my giving of 
commission to John Browne for the prosecution of the rebellious 
Burkes, which I did upon good consideration. I will not write 
further what I think of this second coming of these Commissioners, 
but although I am exempted from amongst them, and to my wrong 
derogated of thie authority incident to the place I hold here, yet I 
shall put up many matters to my prejudice and disgrace, rather 
than I will enter into any quarrelous terms with this Lord Deputy. 
I wish my repair to England might be speedy seeing the good 
days so few I can enjoy in Ireland. Autog. damaged, pp. 4. 

May 24. 56. Observation by Sir William Herbert on his answer to the 
Articles for the Undertakers of Munster. 

1. If those that be there in pay grow into faction against justice, 
contemn laws, and be not punished for it, I may not hazard my 
charge, my labour, and my life amongst them, nor so overburden 
myself as upon my private cost to maintain law and justice without 
pay or pension. 

2. Sir Edward Denny having put into his letters patent sundry 
chief rents out of my demesne lands without reformation thereof, 
I cannot proceed in the action [of planting], for neither is it reason 
that I should pay both rents unto Her Majesty and unto him out of 
my lands, neither will I be tenant to any but to Her Majesty. 

3. If the cessing of soldiers, with other oppressions, be not 
redressed, there can no due obedience be there continued nor good 
government established, and so all our travail and charge there will 
be to no purpose. 

4. If such of the Irish nation as conform themselves in religion 


1589. VOL.CXLIV. 

and manners by my travail taken with them be not the more 
favoured therefor, but hardlier dealt with, and called to farther 
question than they were before their such conformity, I am in little 
hope by my travail to do any good. 

5. If piracies be there maintained, and every port and haven in 
those parts be made a receptacle for them, we must give over our 
inhabitation there, since we shall pass neither our commodities nor 
ourselves over the seas, but at their mercy. 

Notes upon the foregoing Articles : 

1. The under-sheriffs and bailiffs did not come to the quarter 
sessions holden at Dingle Gush on 14th May 1588. They gave no 
reason or excuse for their absence. Sir Edward Denny, upon his 
return out of England, being advertised by me of this misdemeanor 
of his under-officers, took no course with any of them to acknow- 
ledge their faults. In January last the Lady Denny caused them 
to play the selfsame part; warned all her tenants (which as the 
matter is handled is half the county of Kerry, a pretty seignory 
of 6,000 acres), upon pain of 51., not to appear at the sessions, nor 
to answer any precept that came from me, I then supplying the 
Governor's place in those parts. 

In October last, divers goods Doming upon those coasts upon the 
wrecks of the Spanish ships, I directed a precept to the coroner of 
that county, the constable of Castlemayne, the suffragan of the 
Dingle, and others, that they should see no spoil made of them, but 
that they should be safely kept by the best in every township to Her 
Majesty's use. I had thereupon, by the constable of Castlemayne, a 
' most bad letter written unto me. About the same time a tenant of 
Mr. Nicholas Browne's being complained upon unto me, for robbing 
one upon the highway, I directed a precept to the bailiff of that 
hundred to apprehend him and bring him before me to be examined. 
Mr. Nicholas Browne tore the precept and beat the bailiff. Now 
these three gentlemen, Sir Edward Denny, Mr. Spring, constable of 
Castlemayne, and Mr. Browne join together and oppose themselves 
what they may against all I endeavour. At the last quarter sessions 
I took order that no mantles should be worn in that county : their 
tenants were willed not to obey it, and when all the rest of the 
country were reformed they continued their mantles still. 

2. Upon the Earl of Desmond's rebellion divers of his tenants 
entered into action with him, upon whose lands he had sundry rents ; 
upon some chief rents, upon some customary rents, which they call 
shraa and mart ; upon some, both customary rents and chief rents. 
Now by their attainder the land coming to Her Majesty, Her High- 
ness hath granted some of these lands unto me and others, paying 
4d. an acre, which in truth is too much, and discharged of all 
other burdens. Sir E. Denny in passing his patent hath contained 
therein the chief rents and some of the customary rents issuing in 
the Earl of Desmond's time out of the said lands ; which error, if 
it be not reformed, we shall be tenants both to the Queen and to 
Sir Edward Denny, and pay rents to Her Majesty and to him, 
which we may not nor mean not. 


1589. VO...OXLIV. 

3. The order of cessing of soldiers, and of their taking of meat and 
drink and money, none can rightly conceive but they that have seen 
it; how implacable they are, how raging, how ravening, what 
extreme abuses they will offer, I would never have believed if I had 
not both seen and heard their disorder. If 50 of them come to a 
poor gentleman or a freeholder's house, he and his tenants, though 
they stay but one night, shall be 51. the worse in meat, drink, and 
money, besides much vexation. Th^ soldiers will be paid for them- 
selves and for their boys, and will have money for " ded paies " 
besides. In Harry the VII.'s time a statute was there made, that 
soldiers should content themselves with such meat as they found, 
should pay %d a meal for themselves and a penny for their boys, but 
now they will have sheep killed and the best provision that may be 
had for them, and will have money for themselves and their boys 
besides, yea, and also for some " dead paies." Now the only remedy 
that is used is, when they are gone, to divide the loss among the 
whole neighbourhood, whereof ariseth a general trouble and dis- 
contentment ; wherefore the cause would be abolished that produceth 
so ill effects, whereof Sir Edward Denny hath so little care, that 
having in that country of Kerry two houses of a dozen miles or more 
distant, the one called Tralee, the other the abbey of Hisloughtea 
(Lislaughty), his people travelling- from the one to the other, da take 
by the way of the poor inhabitants meat and drink and money ; so 
also do his soldiers when any of them come from Youghal or 
Limerick to Tralee all the way they go. The inconveniences that 
hereof grow I have noted heretofore to your Lordships. 

4. There was dwelling upon those lands which now are come into 
my possession a gentleman of the Geraldines called Thomas Oge. 
This man, before my coming to Ireland, Sir John Perrott, then Lord 
Deputy, for the better security of those parts, was moved to send for, 
together with Patrick FitzMorris, the seneschal Patrick Condon, and 
some others to be committed to the castle of Dublin. Sir Edward 
Denny, conceiving Thomas Oge to be neither able nor willing to^ do 
any harm in those parts, became an earnest suitor for him unto the 
Lord Deputy. In the meantime both the said Thomas Oge and 
Patrick FitzMorris were brought to Cork to the Vice-President to be 
sent thence to Dublin. Whiles they there remained I came over 
from England, had there conference with Thomas Oge, found him to 
be a man sensible, modest, and tractable, and so hoped he might be 
made a good man. By my entreaties I got him released and brought 
him into the country with me, where by persuasions used unto him 
he reformed himself in religion, in manners, in habit, and hath been 
a principal means, by me used to reduce others to the like amend- 
ment. This man in May last Sir Edward Denny, suggesting that he 
was a dangerous man, and likely to do much harm in those parts, by 
an order laid down at the Council table at Dublin, should again have 
been sent for and committed to prison, wherein not so much his 
trouble as my discredit and the frustrating of my endeavours in 
those parts was sought. Upon like ground had Sir Edward Denny 
procured Dermond O'Sullivan, a gentleman of Desmond, to be had 
in suspicion as a dangerous man, and order to be taken that he 


1589. Vo,.CXLIV. 

.should be committed, whereas in truth he ought rather to be 
favoured, for he never hitherto was in rebellion ; he conformeth him- 
self to all good orders, and he is at variance with his elder brother, 
O'Sullivan More, one of the most dangerous men of Desmond, 
brother-in-law to Florence M'Carthy, and chief contriver of that 

To the self-same end hath Sir Edward borne a most hard hand 
towards the dean of Ardarth, a reverend old man learned in the civil 
laws, and sometime chaplain to Sir Harry Sydney, being Lord 
Deputy. This man I found a papist, and by often conference with 
him, and by showing him certain testimonies in the fathers whose 
works I have there with me, namely, Augustin and Chrysostom, and 
by persuading him to read over certain books of controversy which I 
lent him, as Mr. Whitaker's and Sadaell's, I won him to the truth 
and caused him to preach the truth to his country people in the Irish 
tongue, in public assemblies and at his own private cure. This man, 
living in the territory of the Lord M'Morris, at the going out of the 
Lord M'Morris, was carried with him in a handlock. This man Sir 
Edward Denny has deprived of all his livings, and hath given them 
to a chaplain of his own ; Sir Edward neither being patron of these 
benefices (for they belong to the cathedral church), nor having ought 
to do in these causes. The poor dean complained of this wrong at 
the last assizes before the Vice-President and Chief Justice. Sir 
Edward Denny caused his chaplain to prefer a bill against him of 
high treason, and forced the poor man to his great charge to plead 
his pardon, and Sir Edward's jailor took away from him, for his fees, 
a long black cloak, which I had bestowed upon him, which cost me 61. 
This is the comfort and the countenance that the poor dean hath at 
their hands for his conformity. 

5. The province generally is made a receptacle of pirates. They 
are too much favoured in Kerry. Sir Edward Denny has received 
Gascon wine which was robbed from Frenchmen, and Lady Denny 
has received goods which were taken from " Brittaines." One 
Captain Maris, of Youghall, a known negotiator in these kinds of 
affairs, is shortly to remove to Tawlaght, a castle of Sir E. Denny's 
near Tralee, there to exercise that trade, pp. 8. 

May 25. 57. Sir William Herbert to Burghley. Prays that one of the 
tellers of the Exchequer may advance him 100J. on his bill of 1601., 
and that he may have the remainder at the next issue for Ireland. 
[Autog.] p. 1. Incloses, 

57. 1. Note touching wrecks in Munster, showing that Her Majesty, 
and not Sir Edward Denny, is entitled to have the Duke of Medina 
Sidonia's goods, worth 2,OOOZ., if not more. 1589. pp. 3. 

57. ii. A note of such reasons as moved Sir W. Herbert to put the 
statute in execution against Irish habits. 

" Eighthly. The mantle serving unto the Irish as to a hedgehog 
his skin, or to a snail her shell, for a garment by day and a house 
by night : it maketh them, with the continual use of it, 'more apt and 
able to live and lie out in bogs and woods, wfiere their mantle 


1589. - CXLIV ' 

serveth them for a mattress and a bush for a bedstead, and thereby 
they are less addicted to a loyal, dutiful, and civil life." pp. 2. 

57. in. A note of some errors committed in Sir Edward Denny's 
letters patents prejudicial to Her Highness. Sir Edward Denny 
hath stretched his seignory from the ford on the river Feale to the 
west part of Litroverbea, about 30 miles in length ; in breadth from 
Bealtye to Balecartea, 18 miles or thereabouts. He collects other 
Undertakers' rents, and buys up much ground tliat should be the 
Queen's. May 25. pp. 2. 

[May 25.] 58. Modern copy of the above inclosure. No. 57. if. 

[May 25.] 59. The names of the Undertakers : Sir Valentine Browne, Nicholas 
Browne, Sir Edward Denny, Sir William Herbert, Mr. Holies, Mr. 
Trencher, Sir William Courtney, Mr. Uthread, Sir Edward Barkley, 
Mr. Billingsley, Mr. Cuff, Sir George Bowrchier, Sir E. Fitton, Mr. 
Rogers, Mr. Beecher, Mr. Worthe, Sir Warham St. Leger, Sir Richard 
Grenville, Sir Thomas Norreys, Mr. Hide, Mr. Fletewood, Mr. Reade, 
Mr. Cooper, Mr. Robyns, Mr. Thomas Allen, Mr. Adrian Gilbert, 
Sir Walter Raleigh, Sir Christopher Hatton. With memoranda for 
considering the subject of the chargeable lands, pp. 2. 

May 28. 60. The Archbishop of Dublin and Chancellor of Ireland to 

Dublin. Burghley. Has received warrant from the Earl of Ormond to pass 

the office of customer of Dublin and Drogheda to one Grimsditche 

which he has stayed. Stawton has the office by grant of Sir John 

Perrot. p. 1. Incloses, 

60. I. Statute 31 Hen. VI-., cap. 5, printed in the Statutes of the 
Realm of England, vol. II., p. 364., Statute 10, Hen. VII., cap. 1, 
printed in the Irish Statutes, vol. I. p. 41, and 10 Hen. VII., cap. 
22, vol. I. p. 56, regulating the granting of the offices of customer, 
&c. pp. 3. 

May 30. 61. Lord Deputy Fitzwylliam to Walsyngham. I received from Sir 
Dublin Castle. John Cleave a letter of yours in his behalf concerning the office of 
the Chancellorship of the Exchequer, which Sir Edward Waterhouse 
hath passed over to him. For my part seeing it pleaseth you to 
allow thereof, I yield willingly to any bargain between them for it, 
and will pass the same to Sir John Cleave (upon the others surrender) 
when he shall come for it. 

I am on the 2nd of June to go towards Galway to see what I may 
do with those which be out. My furniture with money is such as 
never was any man's. I carry with me 120 horsemen and 350 foot- 
men. I have not 14 days wages for them, and I protest I shall not 
have myself 100?. with me, and if I shall not borrow some money 
in Galway, or make a speedy end with those rebels, I shall be 
forced either to leave the country with shame or else tarry there 
to run upon bills for all things, whereby I am sure as three half 
bands already came thence and left the service traitorously, so I 
fear will all the rest do from me ; but I mean to leave some of 
them that ran away hanging in the places from whence they came. 

P41. N 


1589. VOL.CXLIV. 

I humbly beseech you that some money may come away, for God is 
my judge I am many times with grief ready to fall into a fever. 

There is a common voice since Garland came over that there be 
letters written from your honours of the Privy Council to O'Rourke, 
Sir Turlough Lynagh O'Neill, and other Irishmen. They are by 
nature given to swell up in pride with any small advantage or 
countenance. This will set O'Rourke, a most proud drunken 
" baggag," not to regard me or the Council any whit. Sir T. O'Neill 
is wise. This report whether true or not will put the Irishry upon a 
high pin. 

Be a mean to Her Majesty that I may on 1st. of July come 12 
months deliver up the sword again as I received it on the 1st of last 
July. Many parcels of Her Majesty rents are forfeited for non- 
payment and no man is willing to take any of these forfeited leases 
by reason every man alledgeth thorough want of money. They are 
not able to sell anything to pay their rents with. [Autog.] pp. 2. 

May 31. 62. Lord Deputy Fytzwylliam to the Privy Council. His purpose 
Dublin Castle, to set out for Connaught with 350 foot and 120 horse on the 2nd 
of June. Desires a new supply of money, p. 1. 

May 31. Copy of the above. [Entry Book, Ireland, Folios, Vol. XII, 
p. 256.] p. 1. Incloses, 

62. i. Certificate of the reeeipt of 4,OOOZ. assigned for Ireland 
and the issuing of part thereof in England, pp. 3. 

May 31. 63. The Lord Deputy to Burghley. Thanks for his letter of 
Dublin Castle. 18th May. Is glad that Burghley does not yield credit to the 
report of the great dislike conceived against Sir Richard Bingham, 
and the allegations that the stirs in Connaught proceeded from 
his exactions and tyrannous course of government, " for mine own 
part I cannot but think the best, or at least suspend my opinion 
until at my being in that province and entering into a particular 
view of his actions there, I shall be able to deliver a thorough 
relation thereof." 

Touching Her Majesty's pleasure that the lands, leases, and goods 
. of Jaques Wingfield be not intermeddled withal by colour of 
administration, but upon good assurance for the answering unto Her 
Majesty such debts as he standeth chargeable withal, order has 
been given for the accomplishment thereof. His joy at the 
prosperous success of Her Majesty's army at the Groin. 

Many leases of Her Majesty's lands are forfeited to her through 
nonpayment of rent, owing to the extreme scarcity of money here, 
which hath not only enforced the tenants to commit the said for- 
feitures, but also utterly disabled those of richest and best account 
to become farmers thereunto for that they have no " utterance " of 
their corn, cattle, and other commodities, which ever heretofore 
yielded them money to pay their rents. I have forborne to send 
Mr. Solicitor with commission into Munster about the composition 
until these stirs in Connaught shall shape to some better course. 

There is a report of sundry letters to be sent from your Lordships 
of the Privy Council unto O'Neill, O'Rourke, and others in the 


1589. VOL.CXLIV. 

north and Connaught. If that report is true it will hinder the present 
service both in Connaught and Ulster. [ Autog."] pp. 2^. Incloses, 

63. i. Certificate of the issue of 4,OOOZ. pp. 3. 

63. n. Note of the dividend of 1,1 96Z. 4s. 6d. parcel of the 4.000Z. 
brought over by Fantleroy, that came to the Lord Deputy's hand, 
and how he has imprested the same for his journey. "I most 
humbly beseech you money may be sent, for I am not able to imprest 
the pensioners one groat, nor would I have carried Capt. Benyon or 
Edward Byrne with me, but that they be in credit with the Irishry 
and have the language." pp. 2. 

May 31. 63. in. A note of such prisoners as escaped out of the castle of 

Dublin about January last, and are not yet brought in : 

Owen O'Oallaha, one of O'Donnell's pledges. 

Owen McHuqh and~\ *, i j 
r nf *r r Maquire s pledges. 

James McManus. J 

Neile Greome, 0' Donnelly's pledge. 

Redmond McFeough, 1 

Bryan McFeough, > Pledges for Feough M'Hugh 0' Byrne. 

Hugh ffToole, J 

Keddogh O'Toole, Pledge for Walter Reogh. 

Garret Fitzmorrw, '\ Bro g m to Walter p^j, M ^ 

Rwhard Ftizmorris, *> led( ^ es 

James Fitzmorris, J * 
The names of such pledges as brake out and are brought in : 

Maughan M'GUson, O'NeiWs pledge. 

Ferdorough O'Maylan, O'Cane's pledge. 

Shane O'Duffe and \Sir Ross M'Maugharis [M'Mahon] 

Bryan M 1 Maughan, J pledges. 

Donnell Oorrome, O'DonneU's pledge. 

William Begge, no pledge, but a horse boy committed by Sir 
H. Wallop. 

Donogh M f James, no pledge, byt William Boy Moore's boy. 

John Moore, a boy committed by John Barins out of Leix. 

Thomas Moodie, Captain Plunket's boy. 

Con O'Neill, committed by the Knight Marshall. 

Cahir M' Morris, committed by Sir Henry Harrington, p. 1. 
63. rv. Archbishop of Armagh and others, Commissioners for 
Connaught, to the Lord Deputy. At our coming to Ballinasloe we 
were informed that the sheriff of Roscommon, Richard Mappther, had 
taken O'Connor Roe, being an aged man, and had preyed his two sons 
notwithstanding they were in protection. And although the in- 
habitants of that county earnestly moved the sheriff to stay the prey 
upon an indifferent hand until trial might be had what course 
the sons would take, yet he presently divided the prey, and thereupon 
followed their incursion with O'Rourke's forces into that county, 
which had like to have cost Mapother his life. Mapother wrote to 
Sir R. Bingham, then in camp at Cong, for a commission to execute 
old O 'Conor Roe although one of his sons being a pledge in Galway 
was newly executed by Sir R. Bingham's directions We wrote to 

N 2 


1589. Voi,CXLIV. 

Mapowther to desist from, all hostility, signifying that we had pro- 
tected O'Connor Roe's sons. In case the old O'Conor Roe were 
executed it would breed a great broil in that country, and much 
hinder the quietness thereof, so we required Mapowther whatsoever 
warrant came to his hands to stay his execution until your Lord- 
ship's express pleasure were signified. We fear the old man will 
speedily be despatched by some means if it is not prevented by 
direction from your Loi^dship, and then it will be hard to work 
any good in that county. If tJte sheriff Mapowther had not been 
too busy in his office we verily think the one half of these broils 
would never have happened. 

We have sent protections for Sir Morough Ne Doe and the Burkes. 
They as yet keep their forces together in two several camps in the 
Burkes' country, where their chief fastness is. They take great pride 
in this that six of our bands being in the country departed very 
early in the morning without sounding of their drums. Under- 
standing that John Gillson, who killed the woman, child, and aged 
man of 90 years of the Burkes, was presently upon our late de- 
parture from hence set at liberty, we gave order to the marshal for 
his apprehension, and now he is in ward. 

Lastly, we must inform your Lordship of this one thing that we 
find everywhere such and so great discontentment in this people 
that if by our coming into this province they had not been stayed 
they would ere this have forsaken their habitations. We hope with 
att speed to send your Lordship further advertisements of our 
success. The sheriff of Roscommon has taken Tymolter Oge O'Hara, 
a good subject [who was guide against the Scots atArdnary], which 
will cause others to stand upon their guard. 1589, May 26, Oalway. 
Copy. pp. 2. 

63. v. Sir R. Bingham to the Lord Deputy. On Thursday last 
in the morning Walter Kyttagh Burke's sons and brothers, with 
their forces, the Clandonnells of Costello and Gotten, and certain 
of the Burkes of Ulick Burke' s sept entered into the County of Sligo 
and invaded the barony of the Corren and O'Hara' s country, where 
they burned and preyed 10 towns, and slew many of the poor in- 
habitants, and took away a great number of cattle. And that also 
O'Rourke's brother took another great prey out of the said county. 
These rebels have no great regard to keep the peace any longer titan 
it may be to tJieir own advantage, notwithstanding that the Com- 
missioners are now in hand to treat with them for a pacification, 
and that we be restrained by your Lordship and the Commissioners 
to prosecute them,, or do them any hurt, and were forced upon the 
coming down of the Commissioners to withdraw most of the bands 
out of their confines by special direction from the Commissioners, 
since which time the Burkes robbed Mr. Edward Bremingham, a gent 
of the English Pale, of Jive or six horses, which they durst not do, 
nor once peep out of their own fastnesses while I was there, so that 
Her Majesty's subjects are robbed and murdered on all sides under 
color of a treaty of peace. It is reported that O'Rourke hath sent 
Ferdorough M'Evie to Sorley Boy M'Donnell for Scots. 



1589. VOL.CXLIV. 

Theobald Dillon informed me tltat upon Wednesday last, in the 
afternoon, Walter Burke M'Richard Yn Yeren, accompanied with 
a great number, came to a town of his in Costello, where he left 
one gentleman to oversee his goods and other things, and took the 
said gentleman prisoner, and carried with them all his goods and 
cattle which he had there. Theobald himself escaped ; and att this is 
done since the Commissioners sent them protection, and began to 
parley with them. 1589, May 30, Athlone. Copy. pp. 2. 

Note by FitzWUliam. I received this letter lots, yesternight, 1st 
June, and it seemeth that itw spoil should be done the same day 
tJiat the Commissioners letters to me beareth date. I never heard of 
any man in government more hated and worse reported of than Sir 
R. Bingham is. But for mine own part I cannot think it truth 
till I have been in the province, and made trial of the truth of these 
reports. I must humbly beseech your Lordship that money may be 
sent, for if these rebels hold out, I kno^o not which way to turn me 
for want. This day I set forward towards Connaught. Such as 
witt be traitors and rebels do never want matter to object against 
their governors and their government. . 

May 31. 64. Lord Deputy to Walsyngham. Will apprehend the merchants 
Dublin Castle. o f Waterford who earned provisions into Spain. Alludes to the 
good course of affairs in France, and the King of Scotland's bridling 
of the Earls of Huntley and Bothwell. Sir E. Denny's letter has 
been delivered to one Sadler, auncient (ensign) of his band, who is 
charged to use all care and diligence in conveying the same to Lady 
Denny. [Autog.] p. 1. Incloses, 

64. I. Certificate of the receipt of 4,000. pp. 3. 

64. ii. Note of the dividend of the 4,0002. 
p. 195, No. 63. n. pp. 2. 

Calendared above, 




64. in. Archbishop of Armagh and others, Commissioners to tlie 
Lord Deputy. Calendared above, p. 195, No. 63. iv. 1589, May 
26, Galway. pp. 2. 

64. iv. Sir R. Bingham to the Lord Deputy. Calendared above, 
p. 196, No. 63. v. Burghley. 1589, May 30, Athlone. Copy. p. 1. 

65. Attestation under the hands of Theobald Dillon, Ed. White, and 
others, of Connaught, that if the second Commission had not pre- 
vented the service of Sir R. Bingharn, the rebels would have been 
forced to come in to reasonable terms within 15 days. p. 1. 

66. Francis Stafforde to Walsyngham. His 16 years' service. 
Desires to have license to repair to England for the recovery of his 
limbs. The Lord Deputy refuses him licence, notwithstanding Wal- 
syngham's letter to that end. If the Lord Deputy has any charge 
against him he is ready to answer before the Council in England. 
PP- 2- 1 6 * 


1589. VOL.CXLIV. 

May. 67. Answer of Alexander Clarke, Undertaker to the Articles given 

in charge to the Commissioners for inquiring of Her Majesty's 
attainted land past to the undertakers. His English people have 
departed, doubting the Earl of Clancar's disturbance. [AutogJ] pp. 2. 

[May.] 68. Answer of Arthur Hyde, Undertaker to the Articles. The 
names of his household, freeholders, &c. [Autog.] pp. 3. 

[May.] 69. The answer of Jessua Smythes, Esq., Chief Justice of 
Munster, to the Articles touching the seignories, lately sent over 
under Her Majesty's signature. [Autog.] p. 1. 

[May.] 70. The answer of Edmund Spenser, gent, [the poet], to the Articles 
of Instructions given in charge to the Commissioners for examining 
and inquiring of Her Majesty's attainted lands past to the under- 
takers. 1. To the first he saith that he hath undertaken the 
peopling of a seignory of 4,000 acres allotted unto him by a 
particular from the undertakers, in which the castle and lands of 
Kilcolman and Rossack were appointed unto him, the which want 
much of the said whole proportion of 4,000 acres. 

2. To the second he saith that he hath not as yet passed his 
patent of the said lands, but so soon as Justice Smythes, who is 
only now left of the quorum, returns from England the patent 
will be passed. 

3. To the third he saith that there wanteth of his due proportion 
1,000 acres as he supposeth at the least. 

4. To the fourth, fifth, and sixth he knoweth of chargeable 
lands and chief-rents within the compass of his particular, but only 
four nobles upon Ballinegarragh and 6 /8 upon Ballinfoynigh. 

5. To the seventh and eighth he saith that as yet he hath not 
made any division of his lands to his tenants, for that his patent 
is not yet passed unto hirr-, nor his lands established. 

6. To the ninth, tenth, and eleventh he saith that he hath 
hitherto but six households of English people upon his land for the 
former causes. 

7. To the twelfth he saith that sundry honest persons in England 
have promised to come over to inhabit his land as soon as his patent 
is [passed]. Autograph, p. 1. 

[May.] 71. Answer of Roger Rice for Capt. Francis Berkley to the 
Articles for the Undertakers, p. 1. 

May. 72. The answer of Arthur Robyns to the Articles of 12 May. He 

cannot resolve what persons to send over this summer, because the 
title of his land is not yet cleared. James Fitz John Barry is a 
desperate man and dangerous traitor. [Autog.] p. 1. 

73. The answer of William Edwards, Esquire, in the behalf of 
his master, Sir Christopher Hatton, to certain articles of May 12 
exhibited by Her Highness' Commissioners in Ireland. 

1. & 2. He saith that his master hath undertaken to people a 
seignory of 12,000 acres. 


1589 VOL. CXLIV. 

7. & 8. His Honor hath given to the said William Edwards in free- 
hold the castle of Knockmone with certain lands thereof, and unto 
Thomas Trayford, gent., the town and lands of Ballenecourte, and 
unto Geofrey Lee, gent., the town and lands of Ballenetayler, and 
further hath farmed unto the said William Edwards, the castle and 
demesnes of Capoquyne and Afmane. The rest of the seignory is 
not divided because his Lordship hath not the possession thereof. 

9. There are dwelling on the said lands 15 English people and 53 
Irish people descended from English race. [The names are given.] 

11. He hath upon his said farm the number of 300 cattle, old and 
young, 400 sheep, 100 swine, two teams of English horses, besides 
10 other horses ; and upon his freehold at Knockmone 60 milch 
kine with their breed. The said inhabitants upon the aforesaid 
lands have amongst them 18 ploughs, 570 cows, and 1,000 sheep, 
besides other goods, and further saith that he and the inhabitants 
have had three crops of corn. 

Also my Lord Chancellor hath erected at his own charges at 
Capaghcoine a fair pile of stone, for a house of 100 feet long and 
20 broad within the walls. The same is yet uncovered. Autograph. 

May. 74. Answers of Sir Warham Sentleger and Sir Richard Greynvile, 

Undertakers of the country of Kyrricurihie and seven plough lands 
in Ballyngarrie in Kynnole in the county of Cork. The Castle of 
Carigroghan. Signed by Sir Warham Sentleger. pp. 2. 

May. 75. List of those men who have undertaken to inhabit lands 

in Kynicurihie and Kynnole under Sir Warham Sentleger. 
Certified as a true book by Sir Edd. Waterhhous, viz., George 
Sentleger, Richard Bedloe, William Sentleger, Walter Sentleger, 
Thomas Gaye, Christopher Sampson, Robert Browne, Thomas 
Daunt, Robert Paine, William Bricket, Alex. Cobb, Thomas Brett, 
William Teigg a Cornish man, Christopher Teigg, Rawlyn Teigg, 
William Guye, Ralph Nugent, Robert Thomas, Stephen Collyns, 
William Everenden, William Nokes, John Sleigh, Robert Wardaker, 
Anthony Charles, Henry Pasmore, John Muddle, Robert Chandler, 
is lent by Sir Warhame Sentleger to Mr. William Edwardes to 
make a mill, Peter Gylbert, Thomas White, John Bryan, Richard 
May, William Pye, Thomas Ladbrooke, William Lawrence, John 
Smyth, Brian Wright, Richard Lee, John Legge, William Marloe, 
Coplestone Rowell, John Goodale, Robert Hopkyn, John Edwards, 
John Teigg, William Homber, Thomas Pollard, p. 1. 

May. 76. Answer of Sir Warham Sentleger and Sir Richard Greynvile. 

Undertakers. Signed by Sir Warham Sentleger and Sir Richard 
Greynvile. pp. 2. 

May. 77. Note of such men as have undertaken to inhabit lands in 

Kyrricurihie and Kynnole under Sir Warham St. Leger. Almost 
identical with the above list. p. 1. 

May. 78. Note in the hand of Sir Warham Sentleger's clerk of the 

numbers of cattle of all sorts within the county of Cork. p. 1. 


1589. VOL.CXLIV. 

May. 79. Note in the hand of Sir Warham Sentleger's clerk of the 

number of men-of-war that were maintained in the county of Cork 
in the time of the dissensions between the Lords and Chieftains, and 
their neighbours fronting them. p. 1. 

May. 80. A plot for the establishing a sound and severe government in 

Munster, and cutting off Her Majesty's charges in the said province 
by Sir Warham Sentleger. There should be continually in garrisons 
400 footmen and 50 horsemen. The number of soldiers now in the 
province is not sufficient. The 400 footmen should be led by four 
sufficient captains. The 50 horsemen to be disposed to the president, 
and thereby there may be cut off the 30 horsemen and 20 footmen 
now allowed to the president upon your Majesty's charges, viz., 
913?. yearly. These forces would suffice to suppress rebellion in 
the province, and with the assistance of the Undertakers' forces 
would annoy foreign invasions. These forces would be found as 
follows : The county of Cork 200 footmen, the other 200 footmen 
and the president's charges to be borne by the other five counties of 
the province. The finding of the 50 horsemen may be well main- 
tained by the walled towns as follows : Waterford, 16 horsemen ; 
Limerick, 9 horsemen ; Cork, 9 horsemen ; Youghall, 3 horsemen ; 
Rosse in Carbery, 1 horseman ; Kinsale, 2 horsemen ; Kilmallock, 
2 horsemen ; Cashel, 1 horseman ; Fethard, 1 horseman ; Clonmell, 
4 horsemen ; Dungarvan, 1 horseman ; Dingle, 1 horseman. 

Reserve this my plot to your Majesty, and do not bewray me to 
be the author thereof, for if I should be made author of the same I 
shall be odious both to English and Irish, p. 1. 

May. 81. Answers to such objections as may be alleged against the plot 

for a sound government in Munster. pp. 2. 

May ? 82. Appellation of Sir Warhame Sentleger to Queen Elizabeth for 

redress of injury to Her Majesty and the Undertakers of the 
attainted lands in Munster done by the last Commissioners, who have 
bestowed her lands upon " hollow-hearted papistical wretches and 
disinherited her loving and natural English subjects." pp. 2. 

May. 83. The original and true commencement of the Earl of Desmond's 

title concerning the lands of Kirry whirry, with the manner of Great 
Gogan's decay, the banishment of his kinsmen, and the beginning of 
the pretended freeholders' interest to those lands. 

Miles Gogan, the last Great Gogan, having no issue but one son 
and daughter, and being a man of great years and blind, and not 
able to defend his lordships, countries and seignories as before he 
and his ancestors did, thought good for his better strength and 
defence of his countries to join his daughter in marriage with one 
Cormack Roe M'Carthy, a gentleman of Muskerry, being a man very 
valiant and of great alliance and strength in the county of Cork, and 
a near neighbour to the said last Great Gogan, conditioning with the 
said Cormack Roe that in respect of that marriage he should join 
with him in his defence against those which should offer him wrong, 
himself being so impotent and blind as aforesaid, that he could not 


1589. VOL.CXLIV. 

revenge his own causes. After which marriage there was offered to 
the said Great Gogan great injury by a brother of his called Shiara 
Gogan, dwelling in a town and castle called Ballinre, not distant 
above a mile from the chief house, called Carigalyne, alias Beaver, 
where the said Great Gogan dwelt, which town and castle and three 
ploughlands of Ballinre were by the said Great Gogan disposed on 
his brother Shiara Gogan as his portion of living by the name of 
Kinfinaghes, according to the Irish custom, for certain yearly rent, 
(which custom is in the nature of tenancy at will). And his brother 
Shiara being a stout old man, having eight tall horsemen to his 
sons, and being driven to great charges by maintaining of his sons, 
and forced besides to be at great charges for defence of the said 
country (Great Gogan being blind and impotent), denied to pay to 
his brother Myles Great Gogan such rent as he was accustomed to 
pay unto him, whereupon Myles Great Gogan disliking with his 
brother's answer, and desirous to be revenged of his brother for 
denying him his due rent, sent for his son-in-law, Cormack Roe, 
signifying to him with grief of mind the injury his brother Shiara 
offered him, requesting his son-in-law to revenge the wrong offered 
him by his brother, whereunto Cormack Roe answered him that 
Shiara Gogan was a gentleman of good reputation and was also his 
gossip, so as he could not with credit seek revenge on him ; but if it 
were against any other he would do his uttermost that in him lay, 
whereupon the said Great Gogan replied and told the said Cormack 
Roe that he married his daughter unto him upon condition that he 
should revenge such injuries as should be offered unto him by any- 
body, disliking greatly that he would deny him to be revenged of 
those that offered him wrong, according to his faithful promise : 
whereupon Cormack Roe, being thus charged, he said he would ride 
to Ballinre to his gossip Shiara and see if he could frame him to pay 
the rent due ; and coming to Ballinre unto Shiara Gogan's castle he 
required to speak with his gossip Shiara, who came out of his castle 
to a green before his house to talk with him, and after some com- 
munication had between them, Cormack Roe not being answered to 
his contentment of the matters concerning his father-in-law, deter- 
mined to depart, whereupon Shiara Gogan earnestly requested him 
to stay dinner with him, saying there was a beef at the fire, and he 
had a hogshead of wine ready to be drunk out, and therefore 
requested him again not to depart till after dinner, upon whose 
request Cormack Roe tarried, desiring the said Shiara that they 
might bestow their time together till dinner time, and so they two 
went together, Cormack Roe on horseback and the other afoot, in the 
highway, a pretty distance from Ballinre, till they came to a little 
valley, where they of the castle could not descry their doings ; then 
the said Cormack Roe requested him, the said Shiara, again not to 
offer his father-in-law wrong, and the said Shiara giving him 
overthwart answers, Cormack Roe lighted suddenly from his 
horse and with his skeine cut Shiara's throat, and then rode away to 
his house in Muskerry ; and shortly after this act done there came a 
poor pilgrim on the highway, and coming to the castle of Ballinre he 
was asked what he was, and from whence he came, as also what 


1589. VOL.CXLIV. 

news was in the country. He said he was a poor pilgrim, declaring 
that such news as he had he would tell them, and that was that, 
coming on the highway not far from thence, he saw a goodly old 
man lying with his throat newly cut in the highway, and his mantle 
turned over him. Whereupon his eight sons, hearing this news, 
supposing it was their father, they with all speed took them to their 
horses, thinking to pursue the said Cormack Roe, who they thought 
was gone to Carigalyne, alias Beaver, the said Great Gogan's chief 
house, and coming on such a sudden they found the said 
Gogan's only son and heir upon a rock a little without the castle of 
Carigaline, and, having the said Gogan's son in their possession, 
came to the said Great Gogan's castle of Carigalyne, threatening that 
if he would not let them into the castle of Carigalyne they would 
hang up his son before his face, who denying them to come in, they 
hanged his son upon the said rock in revenge of their father's death, 
and afterwards besieged the said castle, and upon composition Great 
Gogan, for want of victuals, delivered the said castle to Shiara's sons, 
who kept the said Great Gogan prisoner the space of a month in the 
said castle, who then corrupted a swineherd belonging to that house 
secretly to steal him away in the night to the city of Cork, who for 
gain of money performed his request. And after he was come into 
Cork he sent for the Lord Barry, being then a strong man in the 
county of Cork, offering him, if he would revenge the death of his 
son on his nephews, he would convey all his lands unto him. After 
which offer, and before the perfecting of the same, the said Lord 
Barry coming into the parts near Cork and taking a great prey, the 
Great Gogan, being in the city of Cork, sent certain of his men to 
the Lord Barry requesting him to send him a " steige " [steak], who 
sent him but four kine, whereat the Great Gogan was marvellously 
offended, taking thereon such great displeasure for so simple a 
remembrance as he swore by no small oaths that no such base- 
minded churl as the Lord Barry was should ever enjoy any lands of 
his ; and shortly after this, one of the Earls of Desmond taking a 
great prey and passing therewith near the skirts of the city of Cork, 
Great Gogan sent to the said Earl for a steak. The Earl willed the 
messengers to go with a token to them that had the charge of 
driving the prize willing them to let them drive away as many kine 
as they could, whereupon they took four score kine and upwards, 
and coming to their master the Great Gogan, he asked, them how 
many kine they had brought. They answered that the Earl willed 
them to bring as many kine as they would drive away. Gogan 
answered that there was a great difference between a nobleman and 
a churl, and therefore he would give to the Earl of Desmond his 
lands ; and so forthwith sent for the said Eai-1 to come to the gates of 
Cork to speak with him, and so concluded with him to dispose 
his lands on him, if he would revenge the hanging of his son, which 
he took upon him so to do. Since which time the said Earl killed, 
hanged, and banished the eight sons of Shiara Gogan, saving one or 
two of them, who, upon their submission to the Earl of Desmond, 
the said Earl permitted them to enjoy small portions of land in the 
said country, holding of the said Earl and his successors as tenants at 


1589. VOL.CXLIV. 

will, and yielding such impositions as he agreed with them to pay 
him, according as the said lands were always charged, and as is found 
by two several offices for the Queen's Majesty by the attainder of 
the late wicked Earl of Desmond : which rents and duties the 
pretended freeholders never denied to pay till of late years that they 
have devised counterfeit writings from some of the Gogans that are 
neither kith nor kin to those Gogans that are descended from the 
right house of the Great Gogans, not respecting from which of the 
Gogans they derived their supposed estates so as they were named a 
Gogan, of which name there is no small multitude. 

So as it may appear that these who were first reputed freeholders 
were but tenants at will, and their best estate but Kinfinaghes as afore- 
said ; and these that are now admitted freeholders are but intruders, 
and thereby Her Majesty is defrauded of her rightful inheritance, 
and put besides her royalties and her prerogatives to those lands. 
pp. 2$. 

May. 84. The nature of Sorowhen lands and other chargeable lands in 

Ireland [by Sir Warham Sentleger]. 

Sorowhen doth warrant the Lord to come once in every 14 days 
with all his company, without limitation, to the lands charged there- 
with, and to take meat and drink for him and his company from the 
freeholders and inhabitants of the said lands for the space of 24 

GuUycon. The keepers and huntsmen of the Lord's hounds and 
greyhounds may take by way of cess sufficient meat and drink for 
themselves and their hounds, so that they remain but one day and 
night with every inhabitant 

GuUycree. Keepers of the Lord's stud may pasture the stud on 
the waste lands, and take meat and drink from the next inhabitants. 

Guddye, called a night supper, doth warrant the Lord, with such 
company as pleaseth him, to come to the lands charged therewith, 
and to take meat and drink for him and his company for the space 
of four meals at four times a year. 

Kerntye, viz., the overseers and controllers of the Serjeants, of 
which Kerntye there should be 12 in number. They to examine the 
demeanors of the said Serjeants, whether they deceive the Lord of 
any part of his rent and duties, and to cesse his horsemen and foot- 
men from time to time, and in consideration thereof they may take 
meat and drink of the inhabitants of the said country. 

South is that the Lord may charge upon the inhabitants the cost 
of his journeys to Dublin or other cities, and the cost of receiving 
the governor or other stranger into his house. 

Mustron. When the Lord has any work to build every inhabitant 
is to help him with his labour. 

Gonnew and lyvery is to exact, impose, and take horse meat, man's 
meat, and boy's meat of all the inhabitants in the country so long as 
please the Lord. Besides 13s. 4d. out of every ploughland inhabited 
and 6s. 8d. cesse of every waste ploughland. pp. 2. 

[This paper is not identical with MS. Carew, VoL III., pp. 71, 72 
No. 132.] 





June 1. 1. Sir Geff. Fenton to Burghley respecting the parsonage 
Dublin. Dunboyne. p. 1. 

June 1. 



2. Sir Geff. Fenton to Walsyngham. His answer to the sugges- 
tion made against him that he holdeth the parsonage of Dunboyne 
without answering to Her Majesty the rent due for the same. p. 1. 

June 2. 3. The Council of Ireland to the Privy Council. Captain Francis 
Dublin. Stafforde, who goes to England for the good of his health, is a 
valiant gentleman and a good servitor of Her Highness. He has 
been 16 years in Ireland, and has had charge of the garrison of 
Carrickfergus and of the country thereabouts. He deserves to 
receive extraordinary good acceptation at the hands of the Council. 
p. I. 

June 6. 4. The Archbishop of Dublin to Walsyngham. Commends the 

Dublin. bearer Mr. Samuel Bagnall, who behaved like a valiant gentleman 

in M'Mahon's country, where he received some hurt. p. 1. 

June 6. 5. Proportion of munition for Ireland, p. 1. 

June 7. Warrant to the Earl of Warwick Master, Sir Robert Constable 
Westminster. Lieutenant, and other officers of the Ordnance to deliver certain 
munition for Ireland to Sir George Carewe, Master of the Ordnance 
in Ireland. [Entry Book, Ireland, Folios, Vol. XII.. p. 259.] p. 1. 

June 10. G. Sir R. Bingham to Mr. Justice Robert ' Gardener. I would 
Athjnnc. to God I had but three or four hours with you that I might unfold 
some things by word, which I dare not commit to writing, and 
especially if it fall out that you bend your course to England, for 
I do assure you there was never gentleman more unkindly and 
unworthily dealt withal in my place than I am, and such patching 
by these forerunners as unless the devil were one with them they 
would be ashamed of their doings; 

Till the Commissioners came down last the rebels had done little 
harm anywhere save what O'Rourke did before in Co. Sligo whilst 
they were in their first treaty. But till now they had not lost so 
much as one mutton in Co. Roscommon ; for though O'Rourke 
invaded it, yet the Sheriff gave him the repulse and rescued such 
preys as were taken. But now I am commanded to forbear all 
further prosecution of the rebels or hostility against them, and to 
withdraw my forces from the borders of M'Williams' country, so as 
the rebels may have no distrust or fear, and may have free access 
to the Commissioners: Upon this order, seeing my presence was 
so dangerous and that all authority was taken from me, I dispersed 
my forces and retired to Athlone to await the Lord Deputy's 
coming ; but I was no sooner departed from the borders of Mayo 
but the rebels spoiled all they could come by thereabouts, at 
the very time that Robuck French was applying the peace with Sir 
Morough: The rebels came almost to the gates of Galway and 


1589. VOL.CXLV. 

there took away the Commissioners' hackneys. Grany Ne Malley 
burnt and spoiled the Isles of Arran, which belong to Sir Thomas 
Lestrange. O'Rourke and the Burkes made havoc in Sligo, and 
the O'Connors, O'Flanigans, and the rebels of Roscommon burnt 
there, preyed in the Maugherie, and not four days since carried away 
700 cows o'f one Owen Granyes the blind man's. And for all this 
we may not prosecute them, but only defend ; and they shall lie 
hard by us and daily and nightly do mischief upon Her Majesty's 
good subjects, and we shall keep all conditions with, them, whether 
they keep any with us or not it makes no matter. Truly I have 
not heard of the like between a prince and her subjects, and much 
less with a race of such beggarly wretches as these. 

On Saturday last the Lord Deputy past this way to Galway. 
He came in to see my wife, but would not once sit to drink ; and 
I offered him my service to attend upon him thither, but he would 
not have me, saying that the rebels hated me so much as none of 
my name should be there now, and thus his Lordship passed onwards, 
leaving me to remain where I pleased hereabouts. 

Now what will be the end of these stirs I assure you I know not, 
but if peace, I fear me it will be a bad one, howsoever the altera- 
tion of government may be promised them : and if it be no peace, 
then forsooth the rebels will never come in whilst I am governor. 
But I would ask no more but license to do as is meet and to be 
supplied with half the forces Her Majesty hath in entertainment. 
I would not doubt but before Michaelmas-day to quiet all Con- 
naught, and neither to put Her Majesty to any one penny of extra- 
ordinary charges or lose Her one groat of Her revenue here, but 
rather increase it. 

I mind not to displace myself. The place is not worth the 
keeping as things are carried now. 

This dalliance with these rebels makes them most insolent, and 
without the sword be now and then severely used, it is impossible 
to govern the Irish people. They believe this is their time and 
have hope of foreign aid. Of all these broils that sottish and 
cowardly traitor O'Rourke is the nurse and only stirrer, whose 
ability is so great as with 200 Englishmen I will undertake to 
banish him out of the country. His wife (that honest woman) is 
deceased in childbirth. 

P.S. I urged my Lord Deputy to give me leave to go to Galway, 
that there I might have answered myself to such objections as the 
rebels or any others should have charged upon me, but for all 
that I was denied, pp. 4. 

June 11. Privy Council to the Lord Deputy. Approve of his intended pro- 
Whitehall, gress into Connaught to tranquillize the Burks, O'FJaherties, Joys, 
&c. To acquaint Sir Richard Byngham with the book of articles 
objected against him, that he may clear himself and his ministers. 
[Entry Book, Ireland, Folios, Vol. XII., p. 260.] p. 1. 

June 13. 7. Memorial for the dispatch of the Commissioners for Munster. 
p. I. 



June 15. 


June 16. 

June 17. 
June 17. 

June 19. 



8. Sir N. White, Master of the Rolls, to Walsyngham to be a 
means to procure him the fee farm of the Priory of Connal, wherein 
he hath an estate for many years yet to come. Holograph, p. 1. 

9. Henry, Earl of Kildare, to Burghley for payment of two bills 
to the bearer John Wedon, his late father's servant. With indorse- 
ment signed by Burghley for the payment thereof. [Autog.~\ p. 1. 

10. Note by John Sheriff of the unjust demands of the late 
Master of the Ordnance, and his clerk Richard Hopwood. pp. 3. 

11. Petition of James FitzJohn [i.e., M'Shane] of Polwhirye to 
be restored to his lands which have been granted away to Arthur 
Robins, with the order set down by the Privy Council, and reference 
to Sir J. Perrot by Burghley. p. 1. 

12. The Lord Deputy Fitzwylliam to Burghley. Arrived at Gal- 
way on June 10th. Swooned twice on June 3, being the 2nd day 
of my departure from Dublin, and afterwards had three fits of 
a tertian. 

The Commissioners had so wisely dealt that on June 11, Sir 
Morough Ne Doe O'Flaherty, and William Burke, alias the Blind 
Abbot, and others openly made in the church at Galway a humble 
submission, almost three-quarters of an hour together upon their 
knees. The books of their griefs are long, and very woeful, if they 
be true ; for trial whereof there shall be commissioners appointed. 

They would not be persuaded to come to the Commissioners if 
either Sir Richard Bingham or any Bingham with certain others of 
his and their men and officers were in this town, so fearful are they 
of their lives, and not without cause if the matters in their books 
be true. They will never be drawn to trust their lives under the 
government of Sir Richard Bingham, whom I fear I shall be forced 
to restrain from the use of marshal law. 

The sheriffs, bailiffs, and inferior officers for justice and collection 
of the composition have most grievously dealt with the subjects. 

The horsemen and footmen in Ireland are in most miserable state. 
They cry hourly on me for relief who am without both money and 
credit to help them. Autog. pp. 2. Incloses, 

12. i. Submission of Moroghe O'Flaherty (i.e. Sir Morough Ne 
Doe), William Bourke alias the Blind Abbot, chief of the Low Bourks, 
Edmond Bourk M' Thomas Evagherie, Walter M'Tybot, Edmond 
M'Tybot, and others before the Lord Deputy. Copy. p. 1. 

12. II. Petitions of the Burkes and 'Flaherties. They beg that 
some certavn rate may be laid down to be paid by them for pleading 
their pardons. They petition to have Sir Richard Bingham 
removed from the government of Gonnaught, and some other meet 
man placed over them. They beseech the Lord Deputy to qualify 
the extremity of marshal law. That there may be appointed to 
collect the composition some discreet man from amongst themselves 
and chosen by themselves. That gentlemen of the county may be 


1589. VOL.CXLV. 

appointed sheriffs instead of strangers and merchants as heretofore ; 
that no man be dispossessed of his lands by provincial orders 
^uithout trial by law, and that such as have been dispossessed by 
torture, fear of death, menaces, or imprisonment may be restored ; 
and that that part of the yearly profits of M'Wittiam which was 
allotted to the Iiouse of Castlebarre, and is now fallen to Her Majesty, 
may be given to William Burke alias the Blind Abbot for his main- 
tenance. June 12. Copy. pp. 2. 

12. in. First petition of Sir Morogh Ne Doe 0' 'Flaherty to the 
Lord Deputy and Council. He did forbid the making of a 
McWUliam by his letter to the Blind Abbot, and willed Edmund 
Bourlce and Walter Ne Mullye not to be present at that act, which 
hath so undutifully been done. Copy. p. 1. 

12. iv. Second petition and submission of Sir Morogh Ne Doe 
O'Flaherty to the Lord Deputy and Council. He declares his 
innocence of any breach of the peace, and desires license to repair 
into his country to put it in order. Copy. p. 1. 

12. v. Informations of David ffDowda, chief of his name, and 
of Ambrose Carue ngainst Sir George Bingham and William 
Taafe for oppressing the inhabitants of the county of Sligo while 
sheriffs therein. They maintained great numbers of men and boys 
and horses at the expense of the people, and travelled about ex- 
torting meat, drink, and money from the inhabitants ; they levied 
money turongfully and under false pretences, they took bribes 
to set malefactors at liberty, and extorted by menaces, tortures, 
and imprisonment land and money and goods from honest 
people. They put people to death without any trial. The gentle- 
men are afraid to come forward to complain of their grievances 
against these two men, and O'Dowda can never return to his 
own country while Taafe or any Bingham has rule therein. No 
man there can say that anything that he hath is certainly his 
own, so long as any of the said parties hath the stroke over them, 
for there is neither horse, hackney, hawk, hound, or mantle, table- 
cloth, or anything else which is worth the asking or having, but they 
must have U, yea if it be but a man's wife or daughter which Taafe 
doth fancy he must have her at his witt. In winter 1588, William 
Taafe called before him all the clergy in that country, and caused 
as many of them as ever had wives or kept concubines to pay unto 
him some 40s., some more, but none less than 20s., and he said he did 
it by Sir Richard Bingham' s directions. June 20. Copy. pp. 18. 

June 19. 13. Lord Deputy Fytzwylliam to Walsyngham. His arrival at 

Gaiway. Galway on the 10th. Wise dealing of the Commissioners. The 

rebels would not be persuaded to come to the Commissioners if any 

Bingham were in the town, so fearful be they of their lives. The 

sheriffs and officers for justice and collection of the composition 

have most grievously dealt with the subjects. Hard estate both of 

the horsemen and footmen of Ireland. [Autog.] pp. 2. Incloses, 

13. I. Petitions of the Burkes and ff Flaherties to the Lord 

Deputy and Council. June 12. Calendared, p. 206, No. 12. IL 

Copy. pp. 2. 





June 19. 

June 19. 

June 22. 

13. n. First petition and submission of Sir Morrogh Ne Doe 
O'Flaherty to the Lord Deputy and Council. Copy, adendared, 
p. 207, No. 12. in. p. 1. 

13. Hi. Second petition of Sir Morrogh Ne Doe 'Flaherty to the 
Lord Deputy and Council. Calendared p. 207, No. 12. iv. p. 1. 

June 19. 14. Sir N. Bagenall to Burghley for payment to Roger Goodritche 
Newry. of his pension. Autog. p. 1. 

[June 19.] 15. Petition of Roger Hardwicke to Burghley for speedy payment 
of his entertainment, the rather for that he is utterly maimed in 
Her Majesty's service, p. 1. 

June 19. 16. Plot for the province of Ulster to be reduced and continued 
in dutiful obedience to Her Majesty by an old servitor of upwards 
of 40 years. Also a genealogy of the Earl of Tyrone by Burghley. 
pp. 4. 

17. The compositions of Connaught in Sir Nicholas Malbie s time 
and in Sir John Perrot's, with a brief abstract of comparison. In 
Sir N. Malbie's time the average paid was 1,1 581., whereas in 1586 
Sir John Perrot raised 2,894Z., which was collected by Sir R. Bingham. 
pp. 3. 

18. Modern copy. pp. 3. 

19. Sir Warham Sentleger to Burghley. The Earl of Clancar has 
dispossessed and threatened to murder Alexander Clarke who^holdeth 
25 plough lands called Clan Donnell Roe, as an undertaker from 
Mr. Attorney General of England. Would to God the said wicked 
Earl had been kept in England when he was there, for he was never 
born to do good to this country. The said Earl's base son Donnell 
M'Cartie hath lately stabbed an honest subject in Desmond for resist- 
ing Irish extortions, and is gone out playing the Robin Hood with 
20 swords. The wives of Patrick Fitzmaurice and Patrick Condon 
have stolen passage over to sue for the liberty of their husbands. 
Deal with Her Highness so that their suits may not take place as 
these are dangerous men. [Much of this letter is printed in the Life 
and Letters of Florence McCarthy, pages 72, 73.] Autog. pp. 2. 

20. Mr. Vice-President Thomas Norreys to Walsyngham. His 
brother leaves him too little money to uphold his state in the 
government of Munster. He desires leave to come to England to 
cure a hurt in his arm at the Bath. The bearer Capt. George 
Thornton much commended. Autog. pp. 2. 

21. Sir Francis Walsyngham to the Bishop of Meath. My Lord 
of Meath, I am sorry to write to a man of your calling in such sort 
as I am justly occasioned by your illusage of Sir R. Bingham, 
towards whom you have borne such malice ever since his good 
dealing in the matter of the office for Sligo's lands, which by your 
means was corruptly found against Her Majesty. It was told me at 
what time you were in England that I should in the end find you a 
hypocrite. And what better reckoning can I make of you. If you 
had been so wise either in divinity or policy as you would be taken 

June 23. 


June 24. 
The Court. 


1589. - CXLV ' 

to be, you might easily have considered that such loose persons as 
they are that broke out in Connaught could and should in no better 
sort be repressed than by the sword, which was the course adopted 
by Sir Richard Bingham. You and some others think by cunning 
dealing to overthrow the gentleman, but this practice of yours, 
though not by Sir Richard Bingham, is sufficiently discovered 
already from that realm, and the gentleman I doubt not will stand 
upright there, in despite of all your malice. I am sorry that a man 
of your profession should under the color of justice carry yourself so 
maliciously. Copy. p. 1. 

June 24. 22. Sir R Bingham to Walsyngham. The rebels have preyed 
Athlone. and burned great part of Connaught during the last six weeks since 
the Commissioners came to make the pacification, and he, although 
the Governor of the province, is restrained from opposing them. No 
peace has yet been concluded though the Lord Deputy has been 
three weeks at Galway, and the province is impoverished by the 
cost of his train. He complains of the unfair and disgraceful manner 
in which he and his adherents are treated by the Lord Deputy 
and these malicious Commissioners ; and he derides the importance 
attached by the Lord Deputy to the rebels who have come into 
Galway. The eldest son of the Lord Primate of Armagh, a son 
of the Mayor of Galway, and two Aldermen's sons remain pledges 
with the rebels in the mountains for the safety of Sir Morrogh Ne 
Doe and the blind Abbot, a couple of old doating fools, as if the 
protection of Her Majesty's word were not enough for a rebel. 
Neither the Devil's Hook, Walter Ne Mullye, or any chief ringleader 
would by any means come in. There was never the like suit made 
to a race of such beggars and wretches for peace from a prince. 
This is not the way to procure a lasting peace. The rebels will 
never be drawn by fair means into a loyal peace. That archtraitor 
O'Rourke is the nurse of all mischief, and the " most arranteste " 
beggar ; while this man is suffered to hold out, it will never 
be well in Connaught. Would undertake with 200 men to banish 
him, or worse, in 14 days. He complains of the malice of T. Jones, the 
spiteful Bishop of Meath, and Sir Robert Dillon, the corrupt justice. 
They draw in the other Commissioners and the Lord Deputy 
thinking to disgrace him, but they have instead disgraced Her 
Majesty's service. All this has arisen through his reproving their 
great falsehoods against Her Majesty in their Commission of Sligo's 
lands. Ewistin (Ustian) M'Donnell was as well hanged as any man 
in Connaught. Prays for an impartial hearing in England. [Auto- 
graph.] pp. 8. Incloses, 

22. i. Lords and chief gentlemen of Connaught to the Privy 
Council. Desire that Sir R. Bingham, who was then employed in 
the Low Countries, may be sent as Governor of Connaught again. 
Note the letter was not delivered. 1587, Oct. 20. Copy. p. 1. 

[See June 24.] 23. Note of the beeves given as of free gift to Sir R. Bingham 
after his last return into Ireland, by the Earl of Clanricard 50 
beeves, Lord of Athanry, Edward Birmingham of Miltown, and 
P41. O 


1589 VOL * CXLV " 

Richard Oge M'Jonin 18 beeves, Sir Hubert Burke ofGlinske 20 
beeves, William Burke of Srwher 20 beeves, Donnel O'Madden of 
Longford, William Mostyn, and Walter Lawrence 19 beeves, 
Richard MfMaurice, tmd David M'Maurice of the barony of Clan 
maurice 20 beeves, Richard Burke, and William Grana of the barony 
of Clare 20 beeves, William Bowen, and Thomas Nolan 20 beeves, 
Walter Burke, and Pierce Barrat say that the beeves given by 
them for the inhabitants of Tyrawley were of their free will, and 
Brian M'Dermond 18 beeves of his free gift. Total 205. p. 1. 

June 24. 24. The O'Ferrals to Burghley that their agent Edward Nangle 
Teneiicke. may be returned in safety with the despatch of their suit. p. 1. 

[June 24.] 25. Petition of Edw. Nangle to Burghley, that the Letters 
Patent lately granted to O'Ferral Boy, of certain lands in Longford 
may be speedily revoked, p. 1. 

June 25. 26. George Beverley to Burghley for payment of money due to 
him for victualling in Ireland. Average number of soldiers 
victualled daily, 1,000. Autog. p. 1. Incloses, 

26 I. Brief state of the accounts of George Beverley, sur- 
veyor of the victuals for 5 years 52 days, ending at Michaelmas 
1588. p. 1. 

June 25. 27. Sir Charles Herbert to Sir William Herbert [at St. Ju- 
From my Castle lian's.] I received your letter of April 3 on May 28. The con- 
of the Cumns. t roversv between my brother and Mr. Proger still continueth. No 
Quarter Sessions have been held in Kerry or Desmond since your 
departure. Upon the murder lately committed by Donnel 
M'Carthy, Mr. Vice-President gave commission unto O'Sullivan 
More and M'Finnin to have certain Irish soldiers at cess there, to 
the intent to do service upon Donnell M'Carthy. It is generally 
taken here that they both do and will, rather maintain him than 
abridge him from his lewdness. Lieutenant Bostock and 50 soldiers 
and kerns were at the Desmond, and there lived upon the country 
after their old custom, meat, drink, and money, pretending to seek 
Donnell M'Carthy, unless some of the country themselves should 
betray him to avoid the extortion. His service in that point is 
but slender. The 13th of June certain of Sir Edward Denny's 
band coming from Youghal did rest themselves at Ardnegraghe 
with Sir Morris O'Whoren and other of your tenants, who in truth 
freely gave them such entertainment as their ability and provision 
extended. Therewith they were not contented, but in the morning 
killed a fat wether and brought it away with them ; besides they 
took away their Irish cloaks for that they would not give them 
money. The same very day that they were thus used my Lady 
Denny was at "Limerick Haile," for to have seen a course at 
a stag, to the which pastime Mr. Gray had been at the Currins the 
day before to invite me and my wife, to give my lady the meeting, 
which we did ; and there this abuse was showed me ; but I hear 
restitution is made. The greatest hindrance of justice is in those 
who have the charge of the soldiers. The soldiers ought to be 


1589. VOL.CXLV. 

divided among the undertakers, and not left to the command of one. 
This would be best for Her Majesty, and so preserve the English 
from this nation. My lord M'Carthy 's commission to recall his 
tenants breedeth great discontentment and trouble amongst all the 
inhabitants of Kerry. Their complaint is lamentable that they 
should be compelled against their wills to dwell with any man, 
specially such as were never my lord's tenants, but those that were 
tenants to other men, as O'Sullivan More, Sir Owen O'Sullivan, and 
such others as held in fee farm of my lord, paying certain chief- 
rents. Their undertenants that have been, my lord claimeth to be 
his tenants, and by that means thinketh to carry them nolens 
volens unto him. It is a hard case to constrain- them to dwell where 
they never had any interest, and where divers now in Kerry came 
from Desmond for safety. In Desmond, Donnel M'Carthy robbeth 
and spoileth where he thinks good. He and his company at 
Brasnagh robbed my man of 71. and his weapons while coming from 
the fair at Kilmallock. M'Carthy gives out that if he had known 
it was my man he would not have taken the money, 'and says, as I 
hear, by the next convenient messenger he will send them me again. 
Remembrances to the writer's uncle Matthew Jones. The roof of 
Sir William's hall at the Island is set up. Sir William has a great 
harvest coming this year. Has given his note for certain plate and 
jewels received for Sir William Herbert of Cadwalleder Rowlands. 
I intend to obtain the lands of Bally M'Danyell by exchange or 
otherwise. Holog. pp. 3. 

June 25. 28. Proportion of powder and munition for Ireland, p. 1. 

June 27. 29. The Lord Chancellor to Burghley in favour of the bearer 
Dublin. Captain Giles Cornwall. Autog. Seal. p. I. 

June 28 30. Faculties granted by Pope Sextus V. to Dermitius [Derby 
and July 8. M'Craghe] Bishop of Cork, or to his official or vicar, to absolve 

St. Mark's, at ecclesiastical and other persons. Latin. Copy. pp. 2. 

June 30. 31. Lord Deputy and Council to the Privy Council In favour 
Galway. o f the bearer Sir Geffery Fenton. [ Autographs.] p. 1. 

June 30. 32. The Lord Deputy and Council to the Privy Council Your 
Lordships' directions what course to hold towards the rebels in 
Connaught came to hand in a most convenient opportunity while 
we were at Galway in treaty with them. All who are of account 
among the rebels have come to Galway and submitted themselves. 
They say they never would have revolted unless they had been 
forced thereto by Sir R. Bingham's commission to Mr. Browne. The 
original commission, for their prosecution with fire and sword, 
together with a private letter both subscribed only by Sir Richard 
Bingham came into their hands, being found in Browne's pocket 
when he was killed in the prosecution of them. The commission 
and letter have been delivered to the Lord Deputy. The rebels 
have been allowed to present, in writing, the causes of their griefs 
and complaints. And though we cannot believe that a great part of 
that which is by them avouched is likely to be true, yet we send 
the books of their complaints for your Lordships' grave judgment. 

o 2 




June 30. 

Castle Rw 




They do not stand in any terms against her Majesty, but are ready 
to pay the composition, and to admit a sheriff and other officers 
craving 'only the reformation of the abuses ; we have thought it 
more meet to receive them into her Majesty's protection than to 
prosecute them. The latter could not be ended but with great 
charge to Her Majesty, and the desolation of the province ; besides 
great likelyhood of inconvenience in other parts. We cannot learn 
that there are more than six or seven Spaniards in Irrishe [Erris] 
and these of small account, whom the now protectees have cove- 
nanted to deliver into our hands. We shall not fail according to 
your Lordships' directions, to deliver to Sir Richard Bingham, the 
copies of all books of complaints made against himself and his 
officers, of whom, albeit, we have that good opinion which becometh 
us, yet can we not forbear to inform you of that inward dislike and 
deep distrust which we find in this people, both of himself and of 
his government. 

We have received many and grievous complaints of great extor- 
tions and oppressions of sheriffs and under-officers ; of the taking 
away of men's lands and possessions without order of law ; and also 
that in these remote counties sessions have not in these two years 
been so ordinarily kept as they should have been. Whereupon 
we have advised that there shall be a general sessions in every 
shire throughout the province in August and September next, 
whereat I, the Lord Deputy with some of this Board have resolved 
to be for the more and better satisfaction of the people to take 
away that general exclamation and murmur which they make, 
seeming now to be in some distrust of justice. Meanwhile we have 
received the Burkes and Flaherties and their accomplices into 
Her Majesty's peace, and have taken such pledges of every sept 
as we thought meet. These protectees have solemnly and publicly 
sworn before us, the nobility and chief gentlemen of the province, 
the mayor and corporation of Galway, that unless Sir Brian 
O'Rourke will become a dutiful subject, and pay Her Majesty's 
composition, they will spend their lives and goods to chastise him 
as they shall be directed. The Lord Deputy purposes to send Com- 
missioners to O'Rourke ; and understanding of divers complaints 
between the lord of Upper Ossory and O'Carroll and others, the 
Lord Deputy purposes to return that way to Dublin. Sir Geffrey 
Fenton, the bearer, will relate all other particulars. (Copy.) pp. 3. 

33. O'Neill {i.e. Turlough Lynagh] to Burghley. To further his 
petitions which he sends to her Majesty. Thanks him for having 
fri en( j heretofore. [Autog.] p. 1. 

34. Petition of Sir Charles O'Carroll, of Lemyvanan in Ely, to 
the Privy Council. Complains that during his attendance on the 
Lord Deputy in Connaught in November last, Piers Butler of 
Roscree, constable to the Earl of Ormond, and 18 others, whose names 
are given, gathered to Balleskennagh and there wilfully murdered 
Shane M'Turlough O'Carrol, Shane M'Mulrony O'Carrol, and others, 
and did great spoil, p. 1. 









35. Another of the above, p. 1. 

36. Substance of Sir Charles O'Carrol's petition to the Privy 
Council in England. Fair means and foul have been sought to 
bring him to plead in the palatine court of Tipperary. Dispute 
with the Earl of Ormond. Ely O'Carrol is not within the County 
Palatine. Prays that Ely O'Carrol may be shired with other 
tracts ; or else that Ely O'Carrol may be united to King's County 
There is an Act of Parliament authorizing this. Claims the towns, 
castles, and lands of Laccagh and Athnecarriggy, usurpedly called 
the Nether Ormond, and of Ballaghmore. Prays their Lordships 
to revoke letters touching Ballaghmore to the Lord Deputy and 
Council, obtained by the Baron of Upper Ossory under a false 
colour, pp. 3. 

37. Statement of Sir Charles O'Carrol's case, being indicted 
for the death of James Cantwell slain about 19th May last, while 
with others he was preying the country of Ely. p. 1. 

38. Petition of John M'Coghlan, chief of his name, and the gen- 
tlemen and freeholders of his country to the Lord Deputy, to 
send home Sir Charles O'Carrol to assist them in withstanding 
their enemies, p. 1. 

39. Petition of the gentlemen and freeholders of the borders of 
Fercal to the Lord Deputy. To send home Sir Charles O'Carrol 
from Dublin, to protect them in their dwelling places ; he being 
a man whom the enemies greatly fear. p. 1. 

40. Answer of Robert Cooper, agent for Henry Billingsley, 
esquire, undertaker. To the 12th article he says that Gerrott 
Harbard alias Hubberte of Castle Morishine, archdeacon of Lime- 
rick, doth relieve and maintain Morris Oge Hubberte, Edmond 
McHenry, and over 16 other bad, idle, and suspicious persons 
who live disorderly, p. 1. 

41. Note of Mr. Henry Billingsley 's tenants inhabiting his 
seignory being mere English men. pp. 2. 

42. Answer of Henry Billingsley, to the Articles of May 12. 
He has undertaken a seignory of 12,000 acres, at a rent of 
14,71. 10s. 

There are no chargeable lands in his seignory. 

The whole of Conilo was the Earl's own demesne which he let 
from year to year at his own pleasure. 

He has on his seignory 40 households, each of 16 or 17 persons 
of English birth. 

No Irishmen inhabit on his seignory but some two or three 
which make claim unto certain parcels contained in his patent, 
which he suffereth to remain upon his land as his tenants, until 
such time as their titles shall be determined, because he would 
not have them run over and complain at the Court of England, 
that their land is injuriously detained from them as many other 
do continually, though without color of right, 

1 7 * 




He has on his own demesne, five ploughs of horse and oxen, 
nine score kine, six hundred sheep, besides young cattle. He has 
100 acres of wheat and as much of summer corn. No dangerous 
Irishmen near his seignory. pp. 2. 

June. 43. Queen Elizabeth to the Lord Deputy. Warrant to take a 

surrender of a grant of 42,000 acres to Sir Walter Rawley, and 
thereupon to make to him a new grant of one whole seignory 
containing 12,000 acres. Draft, pp. 2. 

June. 44. Answer of Edmund Mainwaring, esq., to the Articles of 

May 12. He has but 3,747 acres. Complains that he cannot 
have his lands in quiet, pp. 2. 

45. Note of money paid by Mr. Michael Blunte in discharge of 
Thomas Moore's debts. Total, 2,016?. 2s. 6d. p. 1. 

46. Examination of Captain William Mostyn, before the Lord 
Deputy and Council, touching the manner of the taking of the prey 
of the island, and the death of Owen McDonnell Echegie, and 
others. Certain of the Joyes and Clangibbons being declared 
traitors. John Bingham was appointed general of the field to 
prosecute the said traitors and take their goods and chattels. Wil- 
liam Mostyn and Ambrose O'Madden were singled out with about 
200 men to gather the prey of the country. Some nights 100 cows 
would be brought to the camp, some nights 200 cows. In the end 
they came to a castle near the seacoast, not far from certain islands. 
Drawing towards the coast they fell upon a gut of the sea, about 
three quoits' cast in breadth, dividing the island from the main- 
land. There was a great number of cattle on the island. Owen 
M'Donnell being there, sent a boat and ferried Mostyn and his 
company across, and entreated him to cesse the company in the 
island, saying, if you will lie in together, you shall have meat and 
such as is in the island. The soldiers going abroad and threat- 
ening some people, and questioning them where to have some 
spoil or booty, found that some of the cattle belonged to the 
Joyes and some to the Clangibbons. Mostyn therefore arrested 
Owen M'Donnell and demanded of him what he meant to ask to 
cesse the company upon the rebels, unless it was to have the 
soldiers' throats cut ; he answered, " there are no rebels in the 
islands, but what marvel is it that I should keep my fester's 
goods." Then the General sent other forces, and the prey of the 
island was gathered together, some 5,000 or 6,000 head, and was 
brought away, together with Owen McDonnell. There were divers 
that followed their goods, who coming to the camp where John 
Bingham was, were executed to the number of 14. Mostyn heard 
Bingham command that the old man should be spared, but, Grene 
O'Moley, then marshal, coming up said he was already hanged. 
On first going to the Island some people were killed by the soldiers, 
and a woman who swam to recover a boat was struck with a 
staff or stone and so drowned by the soldiers. Mostyn was angry 
at it, but it was said the people used some resistance, and were 


1588. VOL.CXLV. 

entering into boats to take to the sea. One night when Ambrose 
0' Madden was guarding the cows an alarm was raised that half of 
them were breaking away and OwenM'Donnell was killed, butMostyn 
knows not how. The prey was brought within a mile of GaJway 
and there divided by the governor. (Copy.) pp. 2. 

July 1. Privy Council to the Lord Deputy. Sir William Stanley 

Nonsuch, was outlawed the 1st of June, 1589. The office of Master of the 

Ordnance to be passed to Sir George Carewe for life. Entry 

Book, Ireland, FoL Vol. XII., p. 264. p. 1. [Mss. Carew, 1589, 

July 1, p. 9, No. 20, and Morrin, ii., pp. 168, 169.] 

July 1. 47. Lord Deputy Fytzwylliam to Walsyngham. Recommends 
Gaiway. the bearer, Sir Jeffery Fenton, a painful, diligent and careful 
servant in Her Majesty's service. Autog. p. 1. 

July 3. 48. Lord Deputy to Lord Burghley. Connaught is well quieted, 
Athenry. if wicked inferior officers may be restrained from their bloody 
parts and extortions. The rebels willingly desire to be tried by 
the common law and to make any payments, and especially their 
composition to Her Majesty. Martial law is restrained by secret 
commands to Sir R. Bingham. Gaiway should be reproved by 
Her Majesty for not lending more than 200Z. They used all the 
wooing and fair speeches they could, and afterwards harder speeches 
and threats to get 200?. Prays his service may not be condemned 
till his answer is heard. Five cannons have been recovered on the 
coast of Thomond, from the wreck of one of the ships. Autog. p. 2. 

July 3. 49. Lord Deputy Fitzwilliam to Walsyngham. Prays that the 
Athenry. Ecclesiastical Commission may not be revoked lest the enemies of 
God swell too high against his children. Thanks for the ransoms 
of the Spaniards. The cause of the O'Ferrals was settled prudently. 
There are some wise men amongst them. Theobald Dillon was 
too leniently punished for perilling the Kingdom as he did in de 
laying a message. Trevor who conveyed O'Rourke's son from 
Oxford shall be kept in prison. Desires to hear no more of Sir 
John Perrot's objections. Mr. Stafford licensed to repair to England. 
Respecting Walsyngham's dislike of the course taken in Connaught, 
if that temparate course had not been taken, that province would 
have been by this day most miserably broken and spoiled, and Her 
Majesty's composition rent lost for 2 or 3 years. Alludes to 
Her Majesty's great expenses both at home and abroad and the 
costly number of rich English ships in Spain or Portugal. Moreover 
the whole country was in a very dangerous state, and it was better 
to draw quietness whatsoever might happen abroad, rather than to 
feed private affections and the greedy spoiling minds of so many 
ungodly, wicked, inferior officers and ministers as be in that pro- 
vince. Sir Richard Bingham was left out of the second Com- 
mission, as the parties who had griefs durst not come forward before 
him, and the under officers who had done the wrongs alledged to 
have been done were all appointed by him. Fitzwilliam protests 
that he performs towards Walsyngham in all faithfulness all th 
service and parts of an honest man, and does what he can for 
Walsyngham's friends. He is wearied and over wearied in body with 





the froward rebellions and wicked parts in the government of this 
nation, besides the cares and troubles of mind to preserve himself 
from the cursed untrue reports of this country, and to preserve 
the good opinion of his friends. Autog. pp. 3. 

July 3. 50. Sir R. Bingham to Lord Burghley. The Commissioners of 
Athlone. Connaught most maliciously practise his utter overthrow. He has 
not been acquainted with any one objection against him. The 
rebels have preyed the good subject 6,000. during these parleys. 
The spite against him is on account of his reproving their deceipts 
and insufficiencies in their commission and office for Sligo Castle. 
He asks for justice and nothing more. Autog. pp. 3. 

July 5. 51. Lord Deputy Fitzwylliam to the Lord Chancellor Hatton. 

Cloghan, The causes that moved the Connaught rebels to break out, their 

M'Cogian's humble submission and the reasons for making the peace. Autog. 

house. pp. 2. Incloses, 

51. i. Petitions of the Burks and 0' Flaherties ; with the Lord 
Deputy and Council's answers 'postitted in the margin. 1589, June 
12. Copy. pp. 2. 

July 5. 


52. Queen Elizabeth to [the Lord Deputy]. Warrant to grant 
to Nicholas Kennam, Bishop of Ardfert and Achedeo (i.e. Aghadoe) 
parsonages, vicarages, prebends or other ecclesiastical livings, to the 
value of SQL per annum in consideration of his offer to surrender 
the subdeanship of St. Paul's and other livings in England. Copy. 
Attested by Windebarik. p. 1. 

[Note. See the document in Morrin's Calendar, page 162, No. 
65, which is not identical with this and is a year earlier.] 

July 5. 53. Petre's note of debts to divers creditors of Ireland, pp. 3. 

July 6. 


July 8. 

54. Warrant from Queen Elizabeth to the Lord Deputy and 
Chancellor of Ireland for a grant to Anthony Hungerford of 20Z. 
land for 31 years, and also to have the next pension, office, or captain- 
ship. Minute signed by the Queen. Seal. p. 1. 

55. Sir Francis Walsyngham to the Lord Deputy Fytzwylliam. 
You must give me leave as one that professeth to love you, to deal 
plainly with you, touching the course of proceeding now held against 
Sir Richard Bingham, Governor of Connought. I never saw in any 
cause so strange, so hard, and so unjust a course taken, for first, as 
I am informed, there are added to the former Commissioners (whereof 
two before, viz., the Bishop of Meath and Sir R. Dillon were Sir 
Richard's mortal enemies in respect of Sir Richard's discovery of 
their lewd and corrupt dealing in finding an office for the benefit 
of O'Conor Sligo), other two, namely, Francis Barkley and Fowle, 
men known to stand ill-affected towards him. Secondly, Sir 
Richard Bingham being an humble suitor unto your Lordship that 
he might have gone to Gal way with you to have answered such 


1589. ' CXLV ' 

matters as by practice by some of the Commissioners themselves 
he was like to be charged with by certain rebels and traitors, your 
Lordship could in no sort be drawn to yield thereunto, upon 
pretence that the name of the Binghams was so odious unto the 
said rebels, as if any of them should have been present at Galway, 
they would not have come in to have submitted themselves. Lastly, 
such libels as were exhibited against the said governor by the said 
traitors and rebels, were sent over hither without acquainting the 
governor therewithal, to the end he might have yielded his answer 
thereunto, with an opinion belike that the same should have 
wrought a condemnation of the said governor before he should have 
been heard. 

But my Lord we proceed here in a more just course, for we do 
not condemn men here before they are heard, and as for the gentle- 
man himself (who desireth no favour but justice if he shall be 
found in any sort, by just trial, culpable of those great crimes he 
standeth charged withall by the said libels) I can assure you he is 
not so weakly friended, nor hath deserved so ill, both of this state, 
and of that too, as he shall be shaken out of his government with- 
out good cause, and the same duly proved in a more upright course 
than is now held there. 

To appoint the enemies of a party complained of especially by 
rebels to be his commissioners agreeth with no rules of justice, and 
to discountenance a governor of a province upon information given 
only by rebels before his answer made thereunto sorteth with no 
policy, and it may fall out my Lord Deputy to be your own case, 
for it is no new thing in that realm to have deputies accused. 1 had 
thought that for my sake, who have not deserved the worst of you, the 
poor gentleman should have had at your hands though not favour yet 
justice. It hath been told me by some here of good quality that the 
end of this prosecution tendeth to remove him out of his govern- 
ment with an intent to annex Athlone unto the deputyship, but I 
can assure your Lordship it will never be won that way, neither 
do I think it convenient that ever it should be separated from the 
government of Connaught. And as touching your Lordship's pro- 
ceeding at Galway in treating with the rebels, it standeth not with 
the Queen's honour that they should be dandled in so dishonourable 
a sort as I hear they are, being base fellows. I dare undertake that 
if the matter might have been referred to the governor it would 
have been performed with great honour, and less extraordinary 
charges than the diet of the Commissioners will amount unto. 

I write not this to have Sir R. Bingham's faults covered if he 
may be justly charged, for my favour towards him is not grounded 
upon any particular respect, being no ally nor kinsman unto me, 
but for the worthiness and honesty that I know to be in the gentle- 
man, whom I assure your Lordship I do not mean to abandon, but 
to favour with the best credit I have, until by just proof he shall 
be convicted of those foul matters he is now sought to be charged 
withal. Minute, with Walsyngham's own corrections. Indorsed 
8 July. pp. 5. 



July 8. 

July 8. 
[July 8.] 
[July 8.] 

July 8. 
[Ju}y 8.] 
[July 8.] 

[July 8.] 

July 8. 


July 9. 


56. Commission to William Lyon, Bishop of Ross, Sir Thomas 
Norreys, Vice-president of Munster, Sir N. White, Sir L. Dillon, 
Sir E. Waterhouse, Jessua Smythes, Chief Justice in Munster, Sir 
Roger Wilbraham, Solicitor-General of Ireland, and James Golde, to 
treat with the owners of chargeable lands in Munster. [Sent by 
Sir Edward Waterhouse.] Copy. pp. 4. 

Copy of the above. .[Entry Book, Ireland. Folios Vol. XII. 
p. 265.] pp. 3. Accompanied by 

56. i. Instructions for the Commissioners concerning the chargeable 
lands and free tenures in Munster. 

Copy of above, pp. 2. [Entry Book, Ireland. Folios Vol. XII., 
p. 268.] 

57. A draft of the above, pp. 2. 

58. Another similar draft of the above, not quite identical, pp. 3. 

59. Instructions for the Commissioners appointed to examine the 
proceedings of the Undertakers in Munster. Draft, pp. 2. [There 
is a similar draft at Vol. 144, No. 20, which is indorsed 12 May.] 

60. Instructions for the Commissioners to inquire into the progress 
made by the Undertakers in peopling Munster. Copy. pp. 2. 

Copy of the above, pp. 2. [Entry Book, Ireland, Fol. Vol. XII., 
p. 269.] 

61. Sir R. Byngham to Burghley. Has not been used in the 
knitting up, nor made acquainted with the conditions of the pacifi- 
cation. Is every way disgraced in the place he holds. Whole 
books have been devised against him, and sent to the Privy Council 
without ever once making him acquainted with any one particular 
although he has made earnest request to the Lord Deputy to be made 
acquainted therewith. The last day the Commissioners went down 
to O'Rourke, he would not stir one foot to welcome them or once 
move his cap. O'Rourke has made no peace. The county Roscom- 
mon is in great fear. Sir R. Bingham is forbidden to employ any 
force while the rebels burn and rob. Last Friday, O'Rourke's son 
Brian murdered 25 soldiers and three young gentlemen on the 
highway, in company of the sheriff of Sligo, who escaped from them 
sore wounded. Aim of the rebels to win their long desired freedom. 
The Commissioners seek the destruction and undoing of Sir R. Bing- 
ham in the latter end of his days, after his long and faithful service, 
but he rests his hopes in the honourable protection of Burghley 

62. Thomas Windebank to Walsyngham. I understand by 
Mr. Fortescne, that in the letters for the Irish suitors, of those who 
are to have leases in reversion, there is an intention to have them 
reformed in the proviso, where it is said that those lands be no part 
of any lands, tenements, or hereditaments that be in the hands or 
possession of any good subject, born in the English pale, or of any 
other good servitor there, according to such order as hath been 
heretofore given from hence, and that this word subject is to be put 
out, and the word servitor only to remain, for which purpose I have 


1589. VOL - CXLV - 

according to your Honour's commandment sent this letter, which 
being reformed, shall be sufficient for the other letters, not one of 
them having this proviso, because this letter containeth a command- 
ment for the like proviso to be observed generally in all like grants 
of leases. This proviso was put in by Sir John Perrot's order, and 
by him read, but it was easy to mistake subject for servitor, and 
surely, Sir, it is too hard a proviso, but survitor being put in for 
subject, I think it will then be very well. p. . 

July 11. 63. Sir R. Bingham to Walsyngham. The bearer, his cousin 
Athione. George Bingham, has been an eye witness to all his doings here. 
Has never been made acquainted with the articles exhibited against 
him. Notwithstanding what Walsingham may have written, Sir 
R. Bingham can look for no consideration at the hands of the Lord 
Deputy. Walsingham's letters will bring Sir R. Bingham no favour 
in Ireland. The rebels would never have said anything against 
him if it had not been delivered unto them by the Commissioners, 
and altogether brought about by their practices. The Lord Deputy 
has forbidden him to keep any sessions or circuit of assizes until 
he himself goes through every county, and he has taken from Sir 
R. Bingham the use of martial law. The Deputy seeks his over- 
throw, his ministers are Sir Richard's great enemies, Chancellor 
[Loftus], the arrogant and malicious Bishop of Meath, Sir Robert 
Dillon, Sir G. Fenton, Fowle, the Provost Marshal, a principal doer 
against Sir Richard, and a most seditious man, and one Robuck 
French of Galway, a very froward fellow and a great instrument for 
the Bishop and Sir Robert Dillon. And all that they have done 
or can do, are but lies either done for malice or for private gain, 
or for both. Every friend of Sir Richard is cast into prison. 
They are bent on revenge, either for some thing conceived against 
Sir R. Bingham or against some of his friends on whom he 
depends. And their great sack of mischief they have sent over 
by Sir Geoffrey Fenton, who is to give the great blow to produce 
Sir Richard's overthrow. So Sir Richard Bingham now stands 
displaced, disgraced, and defamed. Some soldiers of the bands 
that mutinied have been pardoned at the suit of the rebels who 
profited by their mutiny. Divers things will be imparted by 
the bearer, Bingham's cousin, who will deal with Walsyngham 
respecting Sir Richard's men who are wrongfully detained in prison. 
Autog. Seal, with arms. pp. 3. Incloses. 

63. i. Edward White to Sir Francis Walsyngham. The causes 
that moved Sir Morough Ne Doe (? Flaherty and the Burks of Mayo 
to rebel. The restraint of Irish exactions. The abolition of the 
name of McWiUiam. The persuasions of Don Andreas de Argotte 
a Spanish Friar. No promise allowable to be kept to English 
hereticks. Worthlessness of Sir Morough' s pledge. A boy of 14 
years, base borne (begotten of a Galway merchant's daughter long 
since rejected) whom he does not regard, having two or three other 
tall feUows to his sons ready at his elbow to assist him in any action 
against the state. The Commissioners act most unjustly and 
maliciously towards Sir R. Bingham. The rebels excused by tJte 




July 12. 


July 16. 


July 16. 
The Caher. 


Commissioners from making any amends of tJie charges of tJte 
rebellion. July 11, Athlone. pp. 3. 

64. Sir R. Bingham to Burghley. Sends over the bearer, George 
Bingham, who has been an eye witness of his doings, and who may 
deliver a truth on every particular point of the accusations which 
shall need an answer. Autog. p. 1. 

65. Sir R. Bingham to Walsyngham. -Complains that Walsyng- 
ham's messenger, Garveye, whom he had despatched with all speed 
had wilfully let two passages go without him, and given his com- 
pany and attendance to some of the Commissioners, Bingham's 
open enemies. Autog. p. 1. 

66. Theobald Cahyr (i.e., Sir Theobald Butler, Baron of Cahir, in 
the county Tipperary) to Walsyngham. Prays him being returned 
to court to remember his suit to the Queen. Sends a hawk and 
promises to send a horse when he can get shipping. The shipping at 
Waterford all freighted for St. James's Fair [at Bristol.] Autog. p. 1. 

July 17. Bishop of Meath to Walsingham, This unwonted manner 
of writing pierces his heart with an inward grief. Denies that 
there was anything improper in the finding of the office for Sligo. 
Has never been guilty of corrupt or dishonest dealing. Undertook 
the employment in Connaught unwillingly. According to instruc- 
tions from the Lord Deputy and Council, he endeavoured to bring 
about peace, and he thinks both in divinity and policy it is meeter 
under the circumstances to grant peace to the rebels than to root 
them out with the sword. Has acted honestly and fairly and has 
never been a hypocrite. Will always submit himself to Walsing- 
ham and do him what service he can. Copy. See above, p. 208, 
No. 21. pp. 3. 

67. Lord Deputy Fytzwylliam to Walsyngham. In favour of the 
bearer Mr. Cosbie, who has served in every journey and had very 
little imprest. All offices in Ireland are in the gift of Her Majesty 
and not of the Lord Deputy. He regrets he has not power to 
reward those that serve him. Autog. p. 1. 

68. Petition of Alexander Cosbye to Burghley. His father 
F. Cosbye, one of the first English gentlemen at the winning of the 
Queen's County. He was slain while serving against Feagh M'Hugh 
O'Byrne. He prays that he may have the inheritance of his father's 
lands notwithstanding a defect in the estate, his father having made 
a feoffment of his lands to the use of his children without license 
of alienation first obtained from the Lord Deputy, pp. 1. 

69. Estimate of Mr. Cosby's lands in the Queen's County. Total 
number of acres, 1,184. The charges issuing out of the lands 
besides the rent, viz. : For every plough that tilleth 2s. 4>d. sterling, 
or else a day's ploughing to the constable of Maryborough. By tenure 
bound to find seven horsemen of English nation to be residing upon 
the lands. Also bound to all general nestings for 40 days quando 
scutagium currit. The straightest tenure that any Her Majesty's 
subjects are tied unto. 

July 17. 

K ilniiiinh in n . 

[July 17.] 


[July 17.] 



1589. VOL.CXLV. 

The lands lie upon the worst borders in the shire to be wasted 
and burned by two men as they list in one night, p. 1. 

[July 17.] 70. Petition of Dorcas Cosbye, wife to Alexander Cosbye of Ire- 
land to the Queen. That her said husband may have the charge 
of 12 horsemen the better to enable him to keep house in the waste 
country he inhabits in Leix [Queen's County], p. 1. 

July 18. 


71. Warrant from the Lord Deputy and Council .to Sir Thomas 
Williams, Mustermaster and Clerk of the Check, to make up the 
accounts of Sir Thomas Norreys, Vice-president of Munster without 
check to 31 March, 1589, and from that day forward with check. 
Copy. pp. 2. 

July 18. 

July 21. 


72. Another copy. Attested by Sir T. Wms. p. 


July 21. 


73. Sir R. Bingham to Walsyngham. The bearer, William 
O'Kelly, ; has been civilly brought up, and desires, after spending 
some time at Oxford, to enter the service of some nobleman about 
the court. His father is the best of the O'Kellies. Autog. p. 1. 

74. Thomas Chapman to Lord Burghley. The review of the 
Treasurer's accounts. The account of the present Master of the 
Ordnance. Means to check the deceits in the Ordnance Office. 
Prays for some allowance, certain by Her Majesty's warrant, pp. 2. 

74. i. Queen Elizabeth to Sir George Carew, Master of the Ordi- 
nance, to supply Thomas Chapman, the Auditor's Clerk, with in- 
formation as to Wingfield's Accounts, &c. Draft, pp. 2. 

75. Theobald Dillon to Sir Francis Walsyngham. Three of his 
castles in Mayo are broken to the ground by the rebels, 15 days 
days after the peace was concluded with them. The rebels hear- 
tened by the restraint laid on Sir R. Bingham. Autog. Seal with 
arms. p. 1. 

76. Richard Strange, Mayor of Waterford, to [the Lord Deputy] 
Report of merchants arrived from Andalusia. The English navy 
was off the coast of Portugal. Numbers of soldiers at Cadix to 
oppose any landing of Sir Francis Drake. Extract, p. 1. 

July 23. 77. Geo. Beverley to Lord Burghley. Thanks for money, 'out 
of which he will pay Sir John Perrot for his loan money. Desires 
to have authority to take an account of 6001. disbursed by the 
Mayor of Chester and Mr. George Delves for soldiers sent into 
Ireland, p. 1. 

July 25. 78. Sir Edward Denny to Walsingham. Now is the best time 

Dennyvale. to plant Kerry with English, and to reduce it to civility, while the 

people are under hand. The inhabitants of Irish birth and nation 

July 22. 


July 23. 



1589. VoL " CXLV - 

should not be left wealthy, populous, or weaponed till they are first 
brought to the knowledge of God, and to obedience to the laws. Is 
as much inclined to mercy as any man, but no persuasion will ever 
win the Irish to God or to Her Majesty, but justice without mercy, 
must first tame and command them. Wishes all pardons and pro- 
tections were restrained for five years for a trial. If some sharp 
example had been made of the rebels in the beginning of their 
actions, the lives of 10,000 men would have been saved, and Her 
Majesty's purse greatly spared. He speaks for the good of Ireland, 
as his fortune and that of his poor brats is settled there. Sir 
William Herbert hath used matters in Kerry for his glory's sake. 
He hath given it out in England that all here go in English apparel, 
but untrue for the most part, and those that are as he terms them 
in English apparel are " most " thus clad, as for example I send you 
a cloak ; for the rest of their garments they be all Irish, or the 
men naked with only such a cloak : yet did he and Beacon cause the 
poor people to be pilled by a statute most unconscionable beyond 
all measure, only to fill Mr. Beacon's " pilling " purse, upon the 
extortion of the poorest beggars that your honour shall lightly 
see. Sir William and this -Beacon have appointed constables 
throughout the country, but such for the most part as if one 
rake hell, he shall scarce find worse, such as have been thieves 
rebels, and murderers. If Sir William to gain himself glory and 
thanks among the Irish, plead for them more than is fit, let not 
us suffer for his humour. A Welsh humour and a fat conceit hath 
fed him foolishly. He hath scornfully used Lady Denny in Sir 
Edward's absence. A base son and a brother of the Earl of Clan- 
earthy are out with 40 swords. Thomas Oge is a most unfit man 
to be enlarged. Wishes Walsingham to advance him to Sir Richard 
[Bingham's] place, if the latter should be removed. Walsingham 
might command him to what satisfaction he pleased, and would 
find him as faithful a follower as Sir Richard. He asks for 5QOL 
from Her Majesty to plant English in Kerry and Desmond. Holo- 
graph. Seal with device, pp. 3. 

July 26. 79. Sir R. Bingham to Walsyngham. Has received his most 
Athlone. comfortable letters by Mr. Poole. The malice of his enemies is so 
endless that he prays his cause may come to open trial. The rebels 
have not observed the peace. Sends a note of the outrages com- 
mitted since the Deputy's departure from Connaught, which 
shall be delivered to Walsyngham by his cousin George Bingham. 
Complains of the malignity of the Lord Deputy. Mr. Justice 
Gardener recommended as the most dear and faithful friend that 
ever be found in Ireland. Report that Brian O'Rourke is dead 
of the wounds he received at his bickering with the sheriff of 
County Sligo upon the Curlews. The landing of 26 boats with 
Scots is reported, pp. 3. 

July 26. 80. Petition of Sir Nicholas Bagenall and others to Queen Eliz- 
abeth to grant a Privy Seal for the satisfying of divers great sums 
due unto them upon their entertainments, p. 1. 



July 26. 

July 27. 


July 27. 

July 27. 


July 28. 

July 31. 

Leitrim ? 



81. Note of sums due to Capt. Warhame Sentleger, Capt. Francis 
Stafford, John Norton, Richard Palfreyman, Francis Capstock, and 
Matthias O'Chane to be entered into the docket, p. 1. 

82. Privy Council to the Lord Deputy, ordering that the trial 
of Sir Richard Byngham should be heard at Dublin prior to the 
Lord Deputy's holding General Sessions in Mayo and Sligo, before 
the whole Council, excepting the Bishop of Meath and Sir Robert 
Dillon. The extortions of inferior officers to be punished. Copy. 

Copy of the above. [Entry Book, Ireland, Fol. Vol. XII, p. 270.] 

83. Robert Fowle to [Burghley]. Imputes the cause of the 
rebellion in Connaught to Sir Richard Bingham's intemperate 
dealings and bad instruments. Ballimote and Castlebar given to 
Sir Richard's brothers. The English inhabitants made odious to 
the Irish. Straight dealings and tortures used to recover from the 
Irish the treasure taken from the Spanish wrecks. The combina- 
tion with O'Rourk. The rebels stand to no better terms than the 
displacing of Sir Richard Bingham for all the assurance that the 
Lord Deputy and Council have given them. pp. 2. 

84. Relation by Morris Fitzgerald the White Knight's son, who 
left Ireland as a page with Sir William Stanley, of the affairs of the 
Low Countries, and the intentions of the King of Spain to make the 
Duke of Savoy, King of France, and to renew the invasion of Eng- 
land, most of the Irish gentlemen would leave Sir William Stanley, 
if they might stand assured of Her Majesty's favour and mercy. 

85. Sir Brian O'Rourke to Sir John Perrot. Complains how Sir 
Richard Bingham attacked him at Dromaher and afterwards the 
Earl of Clanricard attempted to surprise him, at which time the 
Lady O'Rourke was so sore frightened that she died. O'Rourke 
will not be under any man in Ireland, the Lord Deputy only ex- 
cepted. His country .not able to pay more than 601. per annum 
being all bogs and woods and mountains. Hi a father and grand- 
father paid only 30Z. Autog. pp. 2. 

86. Sir Thomas Norreys to Burghley. Quiet state of the country. 
The bearer Capt. Thornton a gentleman of long service. Sends 
copies of examinations for inculpating Florence M'Cartie. It is 
very hard to find proofs against him. The jurors in this country 
are so corrupt and partial that it will be useless to proceed further 
against him in this land. Complains of his brother Sir John having 
drawn 3,500?. of the entertainment due for Munster. Desires license 
to repair into England for a short time. pp. 2. 

87. Sir William Herbert's collection out of certain letters written 
to him. The mislike between the Earl of Clanear and Mr. Nicholas 
Browne. Crimes of Donnel M'Cartie. Sir Edward Denny's soldiers 
pillage the country. Discontent at the Earl of Clancar's commis- 
sion to bring home his tenants from all places, pp. 2. 


1589. Vot ' CXLV - 

July. 88. Note of money to be paid out of a Privy Seal of 6,00(W. to 

be granted this present July. p. 1. 

July. 89. Note of the names of the principal men who entered into 

rebellion in the county of Mayo, about the time Mr. Browne was 
slain of those who joined after his death, and of such as revolted 
since the coming of the Commissioners to the country. [Many 
marginal notes in Burghley's hand], pp. 3. 


Aug. 1. 1. Capt. John Merbury to Walsyngham. Has laid down the 
course of the whole rebellion and this last pacification of Connaught 
with the apparent causes thereof. The Commissioners sent into 
Connaught were too hardly minded against Sir Richard Bingham. 
Recommends that the circuits of August be stayed. Bingham not 
likely to meet with impartiality, while Sir Henry Wallop and 
Mr. Justice Gardener are absent. Holog. p. 1. 

Aug. 1. 2. Summary by Capt. John Merbury of the whole rebellion in 
Connaught with this last pacification. The rebellion caused by 
the abolition of Irish exactions, by the pride of chiefs who have 
been petted too much, and by their desire to retain the Spanish 
booty. The petitions of the Burks and O'Flaherties delivered 
1 2th June, ought not to be granted. Manner in which the accusations 
were collected. O'Rourk concealed eight or nine score Spaniards. 
Combination of the Joys, O'Flaherty, and others. The Devil's Hook. 
Sir Morogh Ne Doe's eldest son slain with other rebels. Captain 
Fowle is a professed enemy to Sir R. Bingham and always a stirrer 
of the State. Robuck French is a factious man and impudent liar. 
Mr. John Brown's murder. Dualtough O'Connor of Roscommon. 
Davy O'Doud of Sligo. Sir Morogh's answer to his counsellor 
Lynche, when the latter told him to make out his title to his lands. 
" Why man I got it with the sword, what title should I say else." 
pp. 7. 

Aug. 2. 3. Articles exhibited by Auditor Christopher Peyton to the Privy 
Nonsuch. Council of the points at variance between him and Sir Henry Wallop 

touching the exercise of their offices. Indorsed by Burghley's clerk. 

pp. 8. 

Aug. 2. 4. Duplicate of the above Articles of points at variance. Indorsed 
by Walsyngham. pp. 6. 

Aug. 7. 5. Lord Deputy Fitzwilliam to Burghley. M'Mahon has died. 
Kilmainham. Hi a two brothers Hugh Roe and Brian M'Mahon were entitled in 
remainder after him by letters patent. Hugh Roe came to Dublin 
to press his claim (Brian being a prisoner in the castle there). In a 
few days I procured three other claimants to come to Dublin, each 
of whom hoped to be M'Mahon. I wished to divide the territory 




amongst the four as this would be best for Her Majesty, but they 
would not le content, so I settled Hugh Roe, and sent 400 foot and 
40 horse with him to assist him as one Brian M'Hugh Oge had 
made himself M'Mahon by the custom of the country, and held 
together f>00 or GOO hired men. Must send soldiers to chastise 
O'Rourkc. Wishes the people of Annaly were in their former state, 
as the new patent will cost more blood and breed more trouble than 
was foreseen. Sir Richard Bingham tries to throw the blame of the 
disturbances in Connaught on the Lord Deputy. The reports given 
abroad by Sir Richard are a great hindrance to the Lord Deputy. 
The sept of Murtagh Oge (Kavanagh) of the Cargill have a feud 
against the Bagenalls, who purchased Sir George Carew's interest 
in Odronc, and the whole barony is left waste, and an open gate 
for all mischief, and will continue so while any Bagenall is owner 
of that land, and shall lie at Leighlin. And sure I am by many 
woful experiences that the Irish after blood and murder is drawn 
and done upon them will never be reconciled, and will revenge with 
blood if they may. Neither will they trust any that hath so dealt 
with them, and least of all any that governeth them as Mr. Bagenall 
doth. [A full account of McMahon is given in Shirley's History 
of Monaghan. Autog.] pp. 3. Incloses, 

5. i. Tlw causes attedged by Sir Brian O'Rourk for his revolt. 
Sir Richard Bingham's endeavour to surprise him by night at 
Colvickatty. John- M'Kincargy preyed and threatened to be hanged. 
Owen O'Rourke killed by William Taaf at Sligo. Dromahaer burned. 
TJte things demanded by ORourk. No sheriff or bailiff to be put in 
hi-s country. To be under no man but the Lord Deputy, as it is 
easier for him, to go to Dublin than to Sligo. WJien sent for lie 
must Itave a safe conduct, and such of the council as lie may 
nominate to come and meet him and bring him back. He will not 
go to Dublin to crave the peace. He offers his word as a pledge to 
keep the peace, &c. He will make no restitution unless he may 
have amends for the harms done to him. 1589, July 4. Copy. pp. 3. 

5. ii. Sir R. Bingham to tfie Lord Deputy against the pretended 
peace durmg which the rebels snatch all they can get from Her 
Majesty's subjects, and the subjects dare not resist. The house of 
Sligo threatened by tlte rebels. 1589, July 23, Athlone. Copy, with 
tlie Deputy's comments postilled in the margin. 

5. in. Sir R. Bingham to the Lord Deputy. TJie daily outrages of 
live, O'Connors, 'Flannigans, and Clandermot Reoghes. He desires 
an absolute commandment to the contrary, or else convenient 
liberty to exercise part of his authority, to go to the relief of Sir 
George BingJiam in Sligo and protect good subjects ; he also craves 
license to prosecute rebels and thieves. Copy with postils in the 
margin of the observations of the Lord Deputy. [The Lord Deputy 
denies that Sir Richard's authority has ever been abridged, or 
that lie is prevented from doing his duty. Sir Richard would 
gladly have been restrained in the exercise of his commission by 
the Lord Deputy and Council, but Sir Richard was secretly re- 
quested, in the hearing of some of tJie council not to provoke the 

P41. P 




Burkes and Flaherties to go out again before the Lord Deputy's 
return to Connaught to keep the sessions. These letters show Sir 
Richard's malicious intentions.] July 27, Athlone, p. 2. 
Aug. 9. 6. Lord Deputy Fytzwylliam to Burghley. Answer to Burgh- 
Kilmainham. l e y' 8 letters touching Sir Richard. No hackneys were ever taken 
from the Lord Deputy or Commissioners at Galway, as Sir Richard 
states. Sir Morrogh Ne Doe O'Flaherty, understanding of a 
grant of the Island of Arran to Sir Thomas Le Strange, took a 
distress there, pretending good right by a former lease. Denies 
that the complaints sent over were the bishop of Heath's and Sir 
Robert Dillon's collections. The delivery of pledges to the rebels 
is neither new nor rare. Fitzwilliam himself was the meanest of 
four given by the Earl of Sussex. Sir Robert Dillon's interpreta- 
tion of Irish was faithful. Walter Ne Mullie was at Galway with 
the Lord Deputy. Sir Richard Bingham's complaints are untrue. 
Burghley to deal with Walsyngham not to condemn him (Fitz- 
wylliam), but to reserve one ear for him till he may be heard. 
Considering Walsingham's dislike it would be better for Her 
Majesty's service to remove the Lord Deputy, pp. 3. Incloses, 

6. I. Lord Deputy to Sir F. Walsyngham. Answer to his letter 
of 10 July, touching his proceedings with Sir Richard Byngham. 
Desires trial. The Burkes and O'Flahertys are the greatest nation 
and have the strongest country of any people this day in Ireland. 
Fytzwylliam declares himself no party to any man, but only a 
servant to Her Majesty in Ireland. His trouble and grief of mind 
to answer Walsyngham' s so heavy and sharp a letter. Kttmainham, 
Aug. 9. Copy. pp. 3. 

6. II. Edmund Palmer to the Lord Deputy. Former letters sent 
by John Sparrmve and Giles Brockes. Peirce Stronge of Water- 
ford sends false messages into Ireland of the coming of the 
Spaniards. Arrest of 80 French ships at Passages. Sir Francis 
Drake has burnt Vigo and other towns, and is gone to encounter 
ttie Indies' fleet with 50 of his best ships. The sick have been sent 
back to England. The unguarded fleet at Santander might have 
been easily destroyed by Sir Francis Drake. Great dearth and 
want of rain for nine months. Many Spaniards and Portuguese 
executed by the King's commission for not doing better in the 
Armada. General Norris has retired from Lisbon. The present 
letter sent by a Scotsman. 1589, July ^-. St. Jean de Luz in 
France, pp. 3. Copy. 

6. in. JR. Strange, Mayor of Waterford to [the Lord Deputy.] 
Report of the Spanish preparations to oppose Sir F. Drake. A 
viceroy to be sent to the West India Islands. Waterford, July 23, 
Copy. p. 1. 

6. iv. Sorley M'Donnell to Captain Henshaw at Knockfergus. 
M'Lane is coming with a great company of Irish gallies, either 
against Sorley or Sir John O'Dogherty's country. Extract, with 
a note from the Deputy to BurgJdey desiring him tJiat her Majesty 
might write to the King of Scots to stay these kind of people. 
1589, July. 




Aug. 9. 


Aug. 9. 


Aug. 9. 

Aug. 11. 


Aug. 11. 


Aug. 23. 



6. v. Sorley Boy M'Donnell, (signed I am Somairle) to the 
Earl of Tyrone. He has news from Scotland that the Lanes are 
out, and ready to embark for Loughfoile. Tyrone to send to the 
Lord Deputy to desire that shipping may be sent against them. 
Translated out of Irish. [Margined note.] Clana Leoyne are a 
sept of the Scots. Copy. p. \. 

Lord Deputy Fytzwilliam to the Privy Council. Sends over 
Spanish prisoners, and prays that the town of Drogheda may be paid 
in ready money for their charges in keeping them. [Entry Book, 
Ireland, Fol. Vol. XII., p. 273.] p. 1. 

7. Sir Henry Wallop to Burghley. Has received letters of 1 9 
July from Charles Huet, his deputy, and Richard Hoper his other 
deputy, complaining of the infringement of his office threatened by 
the Lord Deputy Fitzwilliam. Wallop is engaged on some business 
in his own lands in Somersetshire and Devonshire. Desires an 
answer by the bearer, Dudley Norton, pp. 3. Incloses, 

7. i. View of the account of Richard Hoper, deputy to Sir Henry 
Wallop, vice-treasurer and receiver of the revenues for his whole 
receipts from 22 Feb. 1588-9 to 8 July 1589, shewing the particular 
issue for fees, annuities, and pensions : and sundry disbursements 
for Wattop's private use begun on Thursday, the 17 th of April, 
being the day of Wallop's taking shipping for England, and ending 
7 July 1589. Examined by Charles Huet. 1589, July 8. pp. 29. 

7. ii. Note of the issue of 400?. received by Charles Huet, parcel 
of the composition money of the English Pale, in the absence of the 
Lord Deputy on the journey into Connaught in May and June. 
1589, July. p. 1. 

8. Sorley Boy M'Donnell (signed I am Somairle) to the Earl of 
Tirone. This was inclosed in a letter to Walsyngham, dated 1589, 
Aug. 9. Calendared above, No. 6. V. p. . 

9. Hugh Earl of Tirone to Burghley. Sir Turlough Lynough 
O'Neill has treacherously sought to destroy him. Prays he will 
further his mother in her suit for the release of her husband Sir 
Owen OTooL Autog. p. 1. 

10. Hugh Earl of Tirone to Walsyngham. Shane O'Neill's sons 
being set on by Turlough Lynogh O'Neill have slain as many of his 
people and cattle as they can. Sir Owen O'Tool is only detained 
for the beeves due to Her Majesty in Tirconnel. Autog. p. 1. 

11. Rys Ap Hugh to Sir John Perrot, one of Her Majesty's Privy 
Council in England. The quarrel between the Earl of Tirone and 
Shane O'Neill's sons who are to entertain the M'Lanes. They kill 
men, women, children, and cattle in Tirone's country. Hugh Row 
who is made McMahon has drawn down four English bands upon 
Brian M'Hugh Oge McMahon who fled his creates to Maguire's 
country. Brian M'Hugh Oge has' now come home and is like to 
drive M'Mahon to the English Pale again. The writer has received 
many injuries for Perrot's sake. Holog. Seal ivith device, pp. 2. 

P 2 



Aug. 24. 

Castle Jurden. 

Aug. 25. 

Aug. 25. 

Aug. 26. 


Aug. 26. 


Aug. 28. 


Aug. 30, 



12. Sir Henry Duke to Sir John Perrot. The broken peace 
taken in Connaught and Sir Richard Bingham's restraint have 
caused sundry spoils and murders. The new M'Mahon, with 400 
foot and 00 horse sent to his aid by the Deputy, has been beaten 
back from Cloneis by Brian M'Hugh Oge McMahon with the loss of 
divers slain and hurt. But four on Brian's side slain and his 
brother Rory hurt. The placing of 100 soldiers and 25 horsemen in 
Cloneis with the allowance for a couple of pinnaces would be 
a great strength to the government. Magillain [McLane] is landed 
with 2,000 Scots which are at Shane O'Neill's sons' commandment. 
The Earl of Tirone has entertained Sorley Boy's son with 500 Scots. 
pp. 2. 

13. Sir R. Bingham to Burghley. Thanks for the indifferent 
trial and hearing which he is assigned to have at Dublin. The 
Lord Deputy's proceedings in Connaught. Promises a chart of the 
province of Connaught. Reasons that his cause may not be heard 
in Connaught so well as in Dublin. Autog. pp. 3. 

14. Sir R. Bingham to Sir John Perrot. The heinous complaints 
and books sent to England against Bingham are but the reports of 
rebels against their officer. Prays his favour to declare his know- 
ledge of Bingham's service in time of his late government, and how 
sufficiently he justified himself from the slanders objected against 
him. Copy. p. 1. 

15. Sir R. Bingham to the Privy Council. Prays for an exquisite 
and severe examination of the accusations charged against him as 
Governor of Connaught. The course limited by their Lordships for 
the proceedings in his causes is not observed. Malicious purposes 
continued against him by some of the Commissioners. Autog. p. 1. 

16. Sir R. Bingham to Walsyngham. Gives a particular relation 
of everything which passed between him and the Lord Deputy, on 
occasion of the reading of the letters from the Privy Council to the 
Lord Deputy at the Council Board. Sir Geffery Fenton sent over 
a man to the Lord Deputy to instruct him how to evade the letters 
in favour of Bingham's trial which were preparing. The Lord 
Deputy is altogether led by the Bishop of Meath and Sir Robert 
Dillon. Autog. pp. 6. 

17. Sir Edward Waterhouse to Walsyngham. He delivered 
Walsyngham's letter to the Lord Chancellor 16 Aug., and acquainted 
him with the copy of the letter from the Privy Council to the Lord 
Deputy, adding such message as Walsyngham gave him in charge. 
The bearer, Mr. Dudley Loftus, an honest young gentleman, loved 
and well disposed. The Lord Deputy continueth his journey 
through Connaught, meaning to deal with Sir Richard Bingham's 
ministers. The Master of the Rolls and Waterhouse are going into 
Munster. Hologr. pp. 2. 

18. Sir Edw. Waterhous to Walsyngham. Forwards a packet 
from Sir R. Bingham. Has delivered Walsyngham's letters to Sir 
Nicholas White, the Master of the Rolls, who promises his assured 
friendship to Bingham when the cause shall come to a hearing. 



Sir Robert Dillon has sent over Seagrave with horses, hawks, and 
letters to divers of the Lords. Walsyngham to have some private 
talk with Sir John Perrot. Holograph, p. 1. 

Aug. 30. 19. Sir Edw. Moore to [Sir J. Perrot?]. Renews his offer to farm 
the composition beeves of Sir John O'Reilly, M'Mahon, Sir Hugh 
O'Donnel, and others in the north at 12s. st. for every beef. The 
payment to be made at Easter yearly. Autog. Seal, with arms 
like those of the Earl of Drogheda. p. 1. 

Aug. 31. 20. Lord Chancellor Loftus and Sir Edw. Waterhous to Wal- 
Duiiiin. syngham. Hope the Lord Deputy will be able to compound the 
differences between O'Neill and the Earl of Tirone. Autographs, 
p. 1. Inclose, 

20. i. Randall Brereton to Sir N. Bagenall, knight-marsJial of 
tlie army. Intelligence by Henry M'Cooltrey, of Ardglass, that a 
Spanish carvel, James Colven, a Scotsman, Master, with 100 Spanish 
ship masters, were come to search and sound all the creeks and 
harbours in Scotland. 1589, Aug. 20, Doivne. Autog. p. 1. 

Aug. 31. 21. The Lord Chancellor, Archbishop of Dublin, to Walsyngham. 
Dublin. Will deal in such measure of goodwill to Sir Richard Bingham as 
he himself desires to receive from Walsyngham hereafter: Hopes 
that the Lord Deputy will prove to have entered into this examina- 
tion without ill affection to Sir Richard Bingham. Sir Richard 
Bingham knoweth not how much Loftus loves and favours him for 
his own merits. Holograph seal, with arms. pp. 2. 

Aug. . 22. Queen Elizabeth to the Lord Deputy. To exchange certain 
parcels of Her Majesty's inheritance with Henry Earl of Kildare for 
the castle and lands of Carlow, to restore him to lands witheld by 
private persons and to the rents received by his ancestors. Minute. 

Aug. . 23. Draft of the above, pp. 2-i. 

Aug. . Copy of the above. [Entry Book, Ireland, Fol. VoL XII., p. 275]. 
pp. 2. 

Aug. . 24. Warrant of Queen Elizabeth to the Lord Deputy for a pension 
to be granted to Donnogh O'Brien Earl of Thomond. Also a grant 
of the moiety of the Abbey of Clare, the friaries of Inche and 
Cohenny, and the chantries of Terrain Shenin, Tirmyncullough, 
Terminminough, and Tirmynshynowaie. Copy. pp. 2. 

Aug. . Copy of the above. [Entry Book, Ireland, Folios Vol. XII., 
p. 274]. p. If 

Aug. . Queen Elizabeth to the Lord Deputy for a lease in reversion to 
Nonsuch, be granted to Mr. Anthony Hungerf ord ; also the next pension, office, 
or captainship 'that shall fall void. [Entiy Book, Ireland, Folios 
Vol. XII., p. 277]. p. 1. 

Aug. '. 25. Petition of William Brown, of Muhrancan, co. Wexford, to 
the Privy Council. That George Isame be commanded to repair 
into Ireland that their controversy may be determined by the Lord 
Deputy and Council. Also for letters to the Deputy that the '301. 
land may be passed according to Her Majesty's letters, p. 1. 





26. Petition of Sir Thomas Williams, Muster Master of Ireland, 
to Burghley, to take order he may be paid that which is due to him 
till Sept. 1588, and of some proportion of that which is since due. 

Sept. 1. 


Sept. 2. 
Gal way. 

Sept. 2. 

27. J. Kinge, Secretary of Sir R. Bingham, to Mr. Richard 
Mapouther, Sheriff of the county of Roscommon. Recommends that 
he should look to himself, as the Deputy sweareth that he will keep 
sessions at Roscommon. "Well indeed clean the way and he 
cannot do you any injustice." Believes when all is done the Deputy 
will not be able to make peace with the Burkes, who stand upon 
new terms. Copy with the Deputy's postils. p. 1. 

28. Lord Deputy Fytzwylliam to Burghley. Answers his lord- 
ship's letters of 30 July, brought by his servant Dutton. Has now 
given to Sir Richard Bingham the copies of all complaints against 
him. The Burkes and O'Flaherties are the " most rudest, wildest, 
and barbarous sort " of people bred in this realm. They are afraid of 
their lives, and will never trust themselves where Sir Richard or 
his ministers are. They are not likely to be brought to Dublin to 
make any proof against Sir Richard Bingham, and Sir Richard 
knows this. There never will be peace in Connaught under Sir 
Richard. Thanks for 5,OOOZ. treasure. Beverlie's account. Promises 
books of the Commissioners' charges and of the hurts done recently 
by the Burks and O'Flaherties. Thomas Fleming, a suitor at Court, 
is able to give Burghley a description of the countries possessed by 
the Earl of Tirone and Turlogh Lynogh, and by what rivers, castles, 
and mountains they are divided. Autogr. pp. 3. Incloses, 

28. i. Lord Deputy and Council to the Privy Council. Their 
perplexity how to obey the strict tenor of their lordships' directions, 
dated July 27, and received at Limerick, requiring them to examine 
the complaints presented at Galway against Sir Richard Singham 
before the whole Council at Dublin. The difficulty of bringing the 
accusers who are rude and timorous to avouch their complaints at 
Dublin. They resolved to reserve every question touching Sir R. 
Bingham, and to proceed with the sessions. Sir Richard protested 
against holding sessions, and ordered the Bishop of Meath and Sir 
R. Dillon to quit the province, but the Lord Deputy commanded 
them to stay. Sir Richard remained in Ennis, but sat not in the 
sessions there. He said he would return to his own house. The 
Lord Deputy left him to himself. Their anxiety to confirm the 
peace and satisfy the subject, especially the Burks and O'Flaherties. 
Many books of extortions were presented, and the matters proved 
against the inferior officers at Ennis. Their purpose to make them 
an example. 1589, Aug. 26, Inyshe [Ennis~\. Copy. pp. 2. 

29. Petition of Thomas Flemynge, of Belgola, in Munster, to the 
Privy Council. Relates his services and losses during 18 3~ears' 
wars in Ireland, particularly that at the taking of Sir John of 
Desmond he was the first that knew him on the field and put him 
from his weapons. Prays for some provision and maintenance. 


1589. - CXLVL 

Sept. 4. 30. Sir R. Bingham to Burghley Complains that having followed 
Athione. the Deputy to Galway he charged him, saying, I both wish and 
advise you to depart here hence presently, saying that hardly should 
he be able to effect the purpose for which he was come, so long as 
myself did remain, for that some of the Burkes would not come in ; 
and so the next morning with great grief of mind Bingham left the 
town. Bingham is so innocent that he fears not when or how 
he be called to his answer, so he be not judged by his enemies. 
O'Rourk is the veriest beggar and wretch, whose demeanour is most 
odious to all good subjects. His motion for an indifferent trial, 
which may be as well in England as here. Autogr. pp. 4. 

Sept. 4. 31. Sir R. Bingham to Walsyngham. The Lord Deputy received 
Athione. the letters at Limerick before ever he entered the province of 
Connaught. Bingham gave no assent to his Lordship's journey. 
He relates how the Lord Deputy sent him away from Galway in 
disgrace, notwithstanding the letters of the Privy Council of 
England. Desires his trial may be in England, and undertakes to 
bring witnesses and other testimony to justify himself. So partial 
are some part of the Irish Council and so weak are the rest that let 
the Lord Deputy say what he will and determine how he list there 
is not any one of them that will gainsay him of all the councillors 
that be here. The matters against the sheriffs are but clamours, 
and most of the sheriffs have been made against his will. All the 
plausible courses in the world will never make the rebels good. 
The Chancellor Loftus is the cause of all the mischief against 
Bingham. Sir G. Fenton took no small pains when at Galway in 
the causes against Bingham, though his cunning be great to hide his 
doings. Thanks for favour to Wm. Phillippes. Necessity, misery, 
and poverty force Bingham to call for an end of these troubles 
before indifferent judges. The Burkes have greatly increased their 
strength, and made good preparations for war. The wrongs, 
extortions, and oppressions committed by those who have come 
into this province for the reformation of things doth exceed the 
wrongs exclaimed of by thousands. [Autog.] . pp. 7. 

Sept. 8. 32. Sir R. Bingham to Burghley. State of Connaught, Mayo, 
Athione. Sligo, and Roscommon are much troubled with rebellious subjects. 
Complains of palpable errors in the peace made with the rebels. 
Collo O'Flin and Dewaltaghe O'Conor, who dwell in Artaghe, a 
country of Roscommon, have been laid upon the Burkes' peace, 
though they live more than 20 miles away. The inhabitants of Kil- 
meane, Clanmorishe, and Galen, lying betwixt them were good subjects 
but could no longer continue so. Davie Dowde, a rebel of Terrera, 
was also laid on the Burkes' peace. The M'Dermond Reoghes, the 
O'Flannigans, and O'Connor Roe's sons, are rebellious. They were 
laid on O'Rourke's peace. Distress of the good subject, who at- 
tended upon commandment, to defend but not offend. Rowland 
Burk, of Binemoore, has stept forth lately to the mountains of 
Slewghvaughtie with 60 swords. Teig Keogh O 'Kelly has also 
gone out. Connaught is troubled in every county, Thomond only 
excepted. Alleges the cause of the rebels' going out was only to 


1589. ' CXLVI - 

recover their old seignories, with their unlawful cuttings and Irish 
customs according to the Tanist law, which made them rich in that 
they might cut and charge the subject under them when they would 
and with as much as pleased them, even to the taking away his 
wife, his daughter, his cow, or his garran. These lords and tyrants 
were taken down in respect of their greatness by the composition. 
The whole province was growing to perfection, and men came from 
all parts of the realm to inhabit Connaught, even out of the county 
of Dublin. Their garrans and cows lay still without stealing. Her 
Majesty's rent amounted to 2,800L, and all paid up half yearly. In 
Sept. 1588 all were quiet save the Devil's Hook, Sir Morrogh Ne 
Doe, and O'Rourk, who refused to deliver their Spaniards, notwith- 
standing the provincial proclamation. Bingham never brake the 
composition, but the Lord Deputy hath done so. This malicious 
crossing course must be stopt or Bingham will not be able to do 
any service nor yet be able to live himself, so much have these 
troubles impoverished him. Four sundry journies have been made 
to try out all they can find against him, and as they say to his 
overthrow, and himself never called to answer any particular. 
[Autogr.] pp. 5. 

Sept. 8. 33. Sir H. Wallop to Walsyngham, to procure for the bearer, 
Farley. Robert Ratcliffe, some relief. He hath been brought low by the 
sundry losses he hath sustained at sea by pirates and tempest some- 
time when he hath been used in Her Majesty's service in connexion 
with Ireland. [Autogr.] p. 1. 

Sept. 8. 34. Sir E. Denny to Walsyngham. For friendly letters from 
Dcnyvale. Walsyngham and Burghley to the Lord Deputy to allow that he 
may pnt over his footband to Captain Dowdall. The gentleman's 
good service and sufficiency are well known. His grief for the loss 
of a child. Reposes his whole confidence always in Walsyngham's 
good care of his well doing. My most humble and affectionate 
duty, and my wife's to my Lady Walsyngham and to my Lady 
Sydney always remembered. Damaged by damp. [Autogr. Seal 
with device.'] p. 1. 

Sept. 10. 35. Sir R. Bingham to Burghley. He is accused and wrongfully 
Athlonc. slandered by his enemies of many vile and horrible offences. What- 
soever the rebels have gotten they have gone away with it scot-free, 
which is a great discomfort to the good subject. Seven gallies 
arrived in Irris with Scots. They had for their guide and con- 
ductor one of Grana O'Malley's sons. Many others of these 
beggarly Scots have landed in Ulster lately. Complains that the 
grand jury at Galway was packed against him with such as had 
been reproved and punished for their offences. [Autogr.] pp. 3. 

35. i. Note of such spoils and harms as were committed by the 
Burks, 0' 'Flaherties, and Joys before the peace, as also after the 


1589. - CXLVL 

peace wax made, and likewise what harms, hurts, and spoils were 
done by O'Rourke and his con federates the O'Flanniyans, O'Connors, 
and Claadermond Reayhes before and after tlte said peace, with the 
value thereof. [Damaged at the Jiead]. pp. 8. 

35. II. Note of such sheriffs and sub-sheriffs as Juive been in every 
county in Connauyht since Sir Ric. Bingham's Jirst coming to the 
government, pp. 2. 

Sept. 10. 36. A catalogue of the names of such persons as exhibited their 
complaints against the Burkes, O'Flaherties, Joys, and other rebels 
now in action, for their losses and spoils which they sustained, 
amounting to the value of 15,309. Is. 4>d. [This paper, although 
not quite a copy of the above inclosure, p. 232, No. 35. I. called 
Note of such spoils and harms, etc. is almost identical], pp. 6. 

Sept. 10. 37. Duplicate of above inclosure, No. 35. II., called Note of such 
sheriffs and sub-sheriffs, pp. 2. 

Sept. 10. 38. Notes touching the state of Connaught, showing how Sir 
Richard Bingham would have managed the rebels, and how much 
prejudice the Commissioners and the Lord Deputy have done to 
the service. The rebels have restored and do exercise the Brehon 
law. They name themselves King Philip's men. They charge Her 
Majesty's subjects with the entertainment of the forces they retained 
to serve against her. The peace is wholly prejudicial, pp. 4. 

[This is probably an abstract by Bingham's agent in London of 
the first document mentioned in Bingham's letter of Sept. 10, which 
document is at present wanting or not identified.] 

Sept. 11. 39. Arthur Clayton, gent., who is well known in this the county 
Kiiimean. of Mayo, declareth that upon the going of John Browne of the 
Neale, the last lent into the Owles with 200 or 300 men, Richard 
Burke, the Devil's Hook's son, sent unto him (because he thought his 
coming into the country with that number did not tend to any good 
end, and also because it was known to that part of the country long 
before that the said Browne was gathering his soldiers to go 
that way) that he should not with his people come into that 
country, and that all things that were due to Her Majesty should 
not only be paid according to the composition, but also all things 
else they ought to yield and pay. And for so doing he would give 
to Browne himself GO marks and a chain of gold, which things the 
said Browne denied, saying he would go through their country, 
and if they did think evil of that, he would drive them into the 
sea. Whereupon he (Browne) drew himself that night to Carrick- 
chowlie, and the next morning he sent John Gilson, William 
Browne, and Christopher Garvey, with a certain company to Irris 
to gather the prey of the country, where they killed men, women, 
and children, and himself the said Browne and Derbie Daly with 
their companies followed and took such preys as they found by the 
way. And the said Richard Burke and his company hearing of the 


1589. VOL.CXLVI. 

killing aforesaid and taking of their goods, met the said Browne 
and Daly with their company, assaulted them and killed them as 
is heard and known. 

And further declareth that Gibson and Daly would have had me 
to have gone with them which I offered so to do, so that I might 
see some commission to warrant our doings. They said they had 
good commission. I bade them let me see it, and I would go to do 
my master the best service I could, then they said I should see no 
commission if I would not trust them, and thereupon I left them. 
I further declare that those whom they then murdered were the 
tenants of Browne and Daly, and had given them of their lands and 
castles and would have given them what they would have desired of 
them, and trusted them as their own brothers and sisters. Copy. 
p. I. 

Sept. 12. 40, John Garland to Sir John Perrot. After my arrival in Ire- 
Chester. i an (j i n May last the Lord Deputy demanded of me whether I had 
brought any letters for Sir Morough O'Flaherty or for M'Mahon, and 
I told him I had brought none, then he asked me whether I had 
brought any letters for O'Rourke, I answered, yea marry have I ! and 
he commanded me on my duty not to deliver it until I knew further 
his pleasure, for, said he, it was evil done of you to bring a letter for 
a rebel. My Lord, said I, that is more than I did know, but I dare 
presume to deliver any letter that my master doth send by me, for I 
know he is a warrant good enough to stand between me and any harm. 
After that I took my journey to Sir Turlough O'Neill, and found 
him at the Bannside at Castle Rowe, where I was very heartily wel- 
come ; then said he presently, " How doth my honourable friend your 
" master and my own good Deputy," and then said he with a great 
solemn oath, and he wished that all they were hanged that were the 
occasioners of your honour's going out of Ireland, and cursed and 
banned both them and their posterity, saving Only Her Majesty, 
and he said that he was well assured that Ireland would never be 
quiet before your honour came thither once again, and he doth im- 
agine before it be long, that Ireland would be topsy turvy. And that 
word and promise he gave you he will never break it, until he hear 
further from you, for he saith he receiveth great wrongs at inferior 
persons hands, and unless your honour remedy it shortly, he can bear 
it no longer, for he hath written a letter by me to Her Majesty, and 
another letter to your Honour, for all his hope and trust under God 
is in your Honour to do for him. And he doth protest that there is 
neither man nor woman, saving his duty to Her Majesty, that may 
command him more than you, in token whereof he will sustain and 
abide all wrongs until he hear from your Honour further. I have 
sent Her Majesty's letter and your Honour's by this bearer. After 
the delivery of your Honour's " scoule," [scull], to O'Neill, he took 
it in his hand and kissed it at least half-a-score times, and then 
presently he sent for two hogsheads of wine and christened your 
scull, and after he had drunk his fill, and he put on his shirt of mail 
and his jack, and called for a bowl of wine, and drank it to your 


1589. VOL ' CXLVL 

Honour's health, withal he put on his scull and drew out his sword 
with a great oath, and said that Sir John Perrot was the truest man 
of his word that ever he knew, and he would prove it upon any man 
that would say the contrary, as old as he was, and then sat down 
and said I am now 10 years younger by reason of this scull. I per- 
ceive he can tell how to make an old man young. Sir, all his 
hawks were gone before I came, and he sware that if all the hawks 
in the world were his you should have them although you sent for 
none. There was one Dudall [Dowdall], at the Bann that fetched a 
cast of falcons out of Sir John Dogherty's country, which your 
Honour should have had ; and he gave some small thing for them. 
And O'Neill sent for the said George Dudall who had the hawks, 
and prayed him to come speak with him, and so he came, and 
O'Neill did agree with him for the hawks, but after the said Dudall 
understood that your Honour should have them then he would not 
send the hawks, (I know the cause, because your Honour committed 
him once to the Castle for his knavery about the taking of Hugh 
Roe.) O'Neill was in a great rage because he did not send the hawks 
according to his promise, and O'Neill desired me to go down to the 
ship wherein Dudall was, and so I went from O'Neill to entreat 
with him for to have the hawks. And I spoke to Dudall for the 
hawks, and he said : Now I know they are for your master, you 
shall " not have them nor your master neither " if they would save 
his life, and said I care not a button neither for your master nor you. 
Thanks be to God he is far enough from us, he can do us no harm. 
Thou art a beast, said I, for saying so, for all the country doth rue 
it but only thyself, for thou could'st not fish so quietly here in the 
Bann as thou dost, but only for the peace that he left. Then I did 
entreat with him that I might have them for money, and he said if 
I would give him 20. for them I should not have them, so he and I 
fell at great words, and I had not any evil word at any man or 
woman's hands as long as I was in Ireland, but only at his hands, 
but was as well used as any man in the world could be or would 
desire. And six or seven weeks, after my Lord Deputy's coming 
from his journey, then I took my journey to O'Rourke, and after three 
or four days' travel in his country I delivered my letter, where I was 
every day up to the girdle in water and bog, which letter was 
very well welcome to O'Rourke, and he did swear no man's man was 
better welcome in the world than I was, and withal said that your 
letter should command him sooner than 500 men should, so after 
being with him two nights he gave me my despatch, and said withal 
if you sent but your letter or the least boy in your house, that he 
would come to you in London or any place else that you would com- 
mand him, and wished himself with you. My Lord of Proscerie 
[Upper Ossory], hath sent you a cast of tassels of Goshawks. 
My Lord of Howth hath sent your Honour one intermute 
gossawk, my Lord of Trimleston hath sent one falcon, the Earl of 
Tyrone hath sent one falcon, Sir Lucas Dillon hath sent one 
goshawk, Sir H. Harrington hath sent a " feare " falcon, your man, 
Steven Segar, hath sent a tassell gentle. Sir H. Harrington hath a fair 
horse for you if you will write for it. All your poor servants in Ire- 




Sept. 13. 

His house at 

Sept. 14. 


Sept. 14. 



land and f ollowers have no countenance in the world nor credit, saving 
my Lord Chancellor and Sir Henry Harrington, I mean no Irishman. 
Sir, I have received your honourable letter touching Sir Thomas 
Cecil, and according to your commandment I am gone back again to 
him to Holyhead in Anglesca, although I am not very well furnished 
in the purse, but nevertheless I will attend upon him, and do him 
all the service I can in his journey, which I hope shall be to his 
liking and your Honour's. I beseech your Honour to shew me this 
favour that Mr. Mainwaring or " Mr. Vosse," may receive the rewards 
for any of those hawks which your Honour doth give away ; the 
cause that makes me write this is for that I have kept a man and a 
boy, and have been at great charges with them, and that either of them 
may receive it for me, and keep it till my coming. Holograph, pp. 4. 

41. Sir William Herbert to Burghley. For certain seignories to 
be granted to his cousins Winston and Minors, who desire to become 
undertakers. Mr. Stone, one of Her Majesty's footmen, and Cham- 
pion, a man of Sir Walter Rawley's, are unable through insufficient 
means to inhabit the lands they have undertaken in Kerry. These 
8,000 acres might be given to Winston. The land called Terbert, 
with a ruinous castle, is said to be given over by Mr. Holies. This 
land with some more attainted land there, not yet found by office, 
woidd content Minors if no more can be had. If these places can- 
not be had then there is Askeaton, which is void, which he wishes 
Winston might have. Thinks Sir William Courtney will never deal 
in the Seignory of Newcastle in Conologh, for the best parts of it 
are included in Mr. Trencharde's letters patent, and other things 
which best fitted that Seignory have been restored by Her Majesty 
to the Knight of the Valley's son. Autoy. pp. 3. 

42. Sir R. Bingham to Burghley. An extract only of the Burkes 
and O'Flaherties' books of complaint delivered to him, and the rest of 
the books denied. The Lord Deputy has kept a Cold Sessions in 
Mayo and so small, as all their appearance could hardly afford them 
a grand jury, but that they were forced to impanel some persons 
who came in company from Galway with them. He has departed 
towards Sligo. The Burkes make the GOO Scots that landed in Irris 
believe that they will entertain them. The Burkes drew them 
in for certain. Binghain has gotten in for Her Majesty four great 
seignories, viz. Ballimote, Clonowen, which was that famous traitor's, 
Mahon O'Brien's, Castle Barre, and Sligo. The Boile lies waste, 
which is no small decay to Roscommon County. He complains of 
the hard course used towards him in the Sessions. Autog. pp. 3. 

43. Sir R. Bingham to Walsingham. Has drawn out his answer to 
every article extracted from the books of the Burkes and O'Flaherties 
delivered to him at Ennis. He has enclosed some tedious letters 
out of Mayo to Mr. Mills, Walsinghain's secretary. Conjuring of 
jurors in Mayo to present untruths against Bingham. Bingham has 
not extorted the value of one mutton throughout the whole 
province. Their presentments in the sessions are mostly of matters 
against the Lord Deputy himself and the extortions committed 


1589. ' CXLVL 

by his soldiers. Will undertake to prove that every day the Lord 
Deputy and his train remain in the province they commit more 
harms and extortions than shall be proved against the officers 
and soldiers of the province at any one session. Favor to the suit of 
John Newton. The Boile to be given to Sir Richard Dyer. Sir 
Geffery Fe'nton lost 5,0001. worth of artillery from the Spanish 
wrecks. Autog. pp. 4. In-closes, 

43. i. Answers of Sir Richard Bingham to tJie slanderous articles 
objected against him in the Burks' book. E^vistin M'Donnell was 
executed for raising a mutiny among the country people to remove 
the Queen's forces from about Donnomony, and under warrant 
with the consent of Sir Richard's assistants. The Blind Abbot's 
son was justly executed for the, Blind Abbot's rebellion. He gave 
John Brown the commission to prosecute the Devil's Hook and his 
adherents because they had broken their protections, and moreover 
they had retained Spaniards. Sir Richard is prepared to justify 
the Jtanging of every man executed in Con/naught in his time. He 
says all the accusations are untrue and says he was never guilty 
of extortion, corruption, or injustice. Autog. pp. 6_ 

43. u. Ansiver of Sir Richard Bingham to the complaint of 
Edmund Burke of Conge in the county of Mayo. TJie said Edmund 
refused to come in to the Lord Deputy at Conge under safe conduct, 
although his son ivas brought from Nolan's Castle to be hanged being 
his pledge. The son was saved on the entreaty of his grandfather, 
William Burke of Shrule. Also answer to the complaints of Ulick 
M'Shane M'Davie M'Gibbon. They are all lies. Sir Richard 
wishes for justice on the contrivers of these slanders. [1589, 
Sept. 14.] pp. 2|. 

43. in. Attestation of Owen Baveen and Walter Oge M' Walter 
Faugh ' touching the coivs charged in Edmund Burke 's complaint 
against Sir Richard Bingham. They never took any beeves or hogs 
for Sir Richard or for his fady. 1589, Sept. 12. p.\. 

43. iv. Answers of Sir Richard Bingham to the slanderous 
articles exhibited against him by Sir Morogh Ne Doe 0' Flaherty. 
Roger 'Flaherty not in possession of more land iJmn he was at 
Sir Richard's coming into Connaught. The articles are all untrue 
and chiefly devised by some more clever in that way than Sir 
Morogh. Sir Richard will justify the commission given to John 
Broivne. Sir Morogh's sorroiv is natural for he hath played the 
old fool, lost his sons, broken his castle, and endured a disquiet 
and troublesome life, but he is not sorry for falling away from his 
duty of allegiance, "nor never was, nor never will be." [1589, 
Sept. 14.] Autog. pp. 5. 

Sept. 17. 44. Sir R. Bingham to Walsyngham. The Burkes desired openly 
Athione. of the Lord Deputy that he would procure Bingham's former favor 
unto them. The Lord Deputy himself and the Commissioners do 
now confess that the Burkes will never be good till the sword go 
among them. Refers to a letter from " My cousin " George Bingham. 
Autog. p. 1. Incloses, 


1589. VOL.CXLVI. 

44. i. George Bingham \the cousin] to Sir Richard Bingham. 
The Lord Deputy lodged on Saturday night at ffHara Rewe's town. 
Sir George Bingham, found the Lord Deputy with the train that fol- 
loived him near the bridge of Coloyne [Collooney] devoutly at prayer. 
Difficulty of getting a grand jury. The merchants of Galway were 
robbed at my Lord's heels, of wine and goods worth 60& Sir R. 
Dillon lost his horse and the Bishop of Meath had almost lost his 
carriage and man, the matter would not have been great if it had 
been himself. Sir Richard's opinion is now confirmed by the Lord 
Deputy and the chief peace 'makers who now only look to the sword. 
Copy. p. 1. 

Sept. 17. 45. Answer of Kichard Harison attorney unto Phane Becher, 
Esq., to the articles set down by the Commissioners. The title to 
Kinallmeky disputed by Sir Owen McCarthy. Daniel Graney 
O'Mahoney entered Castle O'Mahone and burned it and thence 
did take the spoil of the goods therein, belonging to the said Phane 
Becher. Hugh Worthe who was joined in the patent with Becher, 
has sold his moiety to Sir Richard Grinfield. The whole nation 
of O'Mahony is to be suspected. Autog. pp. 2. 

Sept. 17. 46. Petition of Sir Owen M'Carthy to the Privy Council for 
favor to his suit for the lands of Kennalemekye parcel of his 
lordship of Carribree. p. 1. 

Sept. 19. 47. Geo. Beverley to Burghley. Account of the Mayor ot 
Chester. Chester and Mr. Delves for treasure delivered to them in Nevember 
1588. The Treasurer Wallop doth now possess of a great part of 
a province in Ireland, and is able to victual the garrisons out of 
his own store, and pay himself out of the treasure. Beverley is 
an humble suitor for Burghley's good favours in the matter of the 
debts grown on his accounts of Michaelmas 1588. Holograph. 
Seal with arms. pp. 2. Incloses, 

47. i. John Vincent to Mr. Robert Newcomen for payment of 
100Z., remaining unpaid of the bond which should have been paid 
at Midsummer ; or for some part. His losses in the service have 
been great enough and the clamour of his creditors must be met. 
August 16, Newry. Holograph, p. 1. 

Sept. 20. 48. An information of necessary points to be given in instruc- 
tions to the Lord Deputy of Ireland. 

Pensions being granted by one Henceforth no pension to be 
deputy for fa>our have been granted but by warrant from 
continued by the successor. The England. View to be made of 
example of one deputy is a rule such as now enjoy pensions with- 
to his successor, whereby Her out warrant or good ground of 
Majesty's charges are increased. desert in service and the same 

to cease without further charg- 
ing Her Majesty. 

The frequent granting of mar- Martial law to be granted 
tial law to governors of pro- only with the advice of the 





vinces, to captains of Irish coun- 
tries, and to others lying in 
garrison upon borders, and to 
sheriffs, has done great harm in 
the government, for that in 
most places that law is used to 
be executed not for service, but 
either for private gain or par- 
ticular revenge at the will of 
the parties to whom it is gran- 

Custodiums of escheated lands 
found, and a valuation made, and 

The Lord Deputies using to 
grant pardons in private at suit 
of their men for benefit have 
passed away thereby no small 
portion of Her Majesty's inheri- 
tance. Besides many notable 
malefactors, against whom are 
put in caveats to keep them from 
pardons, are for the most part 
foisted into some pardon so 
granted in private to the great 
hindrance of Her Majesty's ser- 

Likewise in this private man- 
ner of giving away the Queen's 
money by concordatum it may 
easily be gathered what partiality 
may be used, and what share 
thereof may return to the giver. i 

Council, and that in times of 
dangerous stirs, and the same 
to be called in when the stirs 
shall be appeased ; for now the 
common law hath force in most 
parts of the realm. The trial 
of malefactors by the ordinary 
way of 12 men is a thing that 
doth greatly content the people. 

are not to be granted till office is 
the same put in charge before the 

All pardons are in future to 
be debated and granted by the 
Lord Deputy in open council. 

All concordatums are to be 
submitted to the Council before 
they are granted by the Lord 

Sept. 23. 49. Warrant from Queen Elizabeth to the Lord Deputy to make 
Manor of Or- an estate in fee farm of the commandry of Killarge within the 
lands. County of Carlow to the Lady Baltinglas. Copy. p. 1. 

Another copy, p. 1. [Entry Book, Ireland, Folios, Vol. XII., 
p. 279.] 

[Sept. 23.] 50. Petition of the Lady Baltinglas to the Privy Council for some 
grant of land or annuity to relieve her necessities, caused by 
the loss of jointure and dower by the attainder of her husband 
[attainted April 1585, died November 1585]. p. 1. 

Sept. 23. 51. Mr. Solicitor Thomas Egerton's report on the petition of the 
Lady Baltinglas, referred to him by the Privy Council. He cannot 
certify the truth of Lady Baltinglasse's statements, but Mr. Gerald 
Aylmer otters to give a bond for the truth of the statements, p. 1. 

Sept. 24. 52. Sir R. Bingham to Burghley. O'Rourke did not come to the 
Athione. Lord Deputy at Roscommon. No peace secured. The circuit of 



the Lord Deputy has been held for searching out matters against 
the officers of Connaught, and but few controversies between party 
and party have been ended. The articles of complaint delivered to 
Sir George Bingham at Sligo are to be sent to the Privy Council. 
Certain persons who could not and so would not charge Sir George 
threatened with the pillory, and that their ears should be cut off. 
Autog. pp. 4. 

Sept. 25. 53. Answer under the hand of Alexander Fyton, agent for Sir 
Limerick. Edward Fyton, to the Articles of Her Majesty's Commissioners. 
Sir Edward meaneth himself to inhabit Kilmanehin Cloghketing 
and Tyrvow [Tervoe]. 

He has let the following land on lease : 

To Alex. Fyton, Richard Bedlew, Wm. Field, and Robert Gener 
(an old servant) four ploughlands in Any. 

To Hugh and Ralph Hollingshead and Ulick Browne, Kilkelane, 
Camas, Ballynemony more, Ballynemony beg, Knocmonehey. and 
Elton, in all six ploughlands. 

To Ralph Owldame Cromwell one ploughland. 

To Harry Manley, Carykketell and Killtylle, one ploughland. 

To Geffrey Story, Rahanere, half a ploughland. 

To Patrick Purssell, Ballynecomte, half a ploughland. 

At Kilmanehin Sir Edward has Walter Jevers and nine other 
serving men. 

Sir Edward has on his land 1,000 sheep, 500 milch cows, 19 
ploughs, 160 garrans, 600 swine and hogs. pp. 2. 

Sept. 25. 54. Answer of Alexander Fyton for himself and his brother 
Richard Fyton to the Articles of May 12. p. 1. 

Sept. 27. 55. Warrant from Queen Elizabeth to tho Lord Deputy to grant 
Manor of Oat- a lease of 20i. a year to George Ishain. Copy. p. 1. 


Sept. 27. Another copy. p. 1. [Entry Book Ireland, Folios, Vol. XII., 
p. 280.] 

Sept. 27. 56. Mr. Jo. Merbury to Burghley. Bingham's petition and 
humble suit that his cause may be tried personally before the 
Council Board in England. He thinketh no heart of an honest 
man could endure the grief of his trouble. Gathers by the manner 
of the rebels' proceedings that they mean plain war. Hclog. Seal. 

Sept. 27. 57. Mixed collections, by Capt. J. Merbury, proving the necessity 
to make war in Connaught. Henry M'Gin to be examined about 
the Scottish letters he brought with him from Castlebarry's sons. 
Sir Morogh Ne Doe is reckoned above 75 years, the Devil's Hook, 
Ulick Burke, and Robert O'Maly nigh to 60. Walter Ny Mully is 
exceeding poor, but crafty-headed and bold. Walter Kittough is 
wise enough, but too weak to attain to the M'Williamship. Davy 
O'Dowd is a young knave drawn in through anger. The blind 
abbot was never wise, steady, or honest. He doats for age ; is very 
beggarly overborne by his children. Edmund Burke, of Conge, 
called M'Thomas Yvaughery, is a very handsome man ; always out 


1589. VOL.CXLV1. 

for fear of the law for killing TJlick Burke, of the Neale, and if Cong 
be taken from him, which indeed did belong to Sir William 
Collyer, he will be very poor by and by. The many factions among 
themselves is enough to overthrow them. O'Rourk verily believeth 
the Queen to be afraid of him. Formerly he escaped narrowly 
Sir Richard's hands by Sir John Perrot's dandling. He must be 
brought down first of all men. Clanricard and Thomond are to 
be doubted, but the former has enemies in his own country. 
Many amongst the M'Na Maras, M'Mahons, O'Loughlins, and 
O'Briens carry wounded hearts with the Earl of Thomond's great- 
ness. The Rome runners are the very bellows of rebellion. Albeit 
Irish are most commonly papists, because they know no better 
Christ ; but as for the rebels they take his part for their own profit's 
sake, otherwise they care neither for God nor man. Sir Geffery 
Fenton sent a servant of his own of purpose to linger the knowledge 
of the Council's letters written in Sir Richard Bingham's behalf, who 
was 10 days going between Dublin and Athlone. [This is the 
writing mentioned by Capt. Jo. Merbury, 1589, Sept. 27.] pp. 6. 

Sept. 27. 58. Mixed collections, by Capt. J. Merbury, somewhat similar to 
the above, pp. 4. 

[Sept. 27.] 59. Petitions of Sir Ric. Bingham to the Lords of the Privy Council 
for ending his troubles, which no gentleman or natural man could 
endure, neither can he for all the realm of England. [Solicited 
apparently by Capt. Jo. Merbury.] p. 1^. 

[Sept. 27.1 60. Mr. John Merbury to Burghley. His advice for the division 
of O'Rourk's country. O'Rourk's power should be broken. The 
composition of 1585 was badly managed, and O'Rourk grew more 
dangerous and absolute than before. The evil consequences of the 
Irish exactions. Old M'Morrough, a chief man in the country, wept 
with joy and blessed the good Queen at the time O'Rourk's 
composition was made at Drummahear, and said, " We have hereto- 
fore paid to O'Rourk better than 10 marks on a quarter, and shall 
we indeed escape now for a trifle of 20 shillings." O'Rourk's own in- 
heritance is above 166 quarters, too much for one man in so small a 
scope of country. Autog. Seal with device, pp. 7. 

[Sept. 27.] 61. Petition of John Merbury to the Privy Council. His long 
stay here for the delivery of his knowledge in the causes of Sir John 
Perrot and O'Rourke His arrearages 144Z. 16s. 8d. at Easter last. 
To have a reward in relief of his old age. p. 1. 

Sept. 88. 62-3. Warrant from Queen Elizabeth to the Lord Deputy to swear 
Richmond. gj r Edward Moore one of the Council. Two copies, pp. 2. 

Sept. 28. Another copy. p. ^. [Entry Book, Ireland, Folios, Vol. XII., 
p. 281.] 

Sept 29. 64. Lord Deputy and Commissioners to the Privy Council. In- 

Coroughboy. forming them of the good success of their labours in Connaught. 

Sir Morough Ne Doe O'Flaherty came with his followers to the 

sessions at Galway and gave pledges. The merchants of Galway 

r 41. 


1589 VOL. CXLVI. 

gave bonds for the payment of his composition. Four hundred 
Scots of the sept of the Bar-rones invaded Irris, killed 600 cows, 
freighting their gallies with the spoil, and 500 cows besides they 
carried to an island and there killed them and took away the hides 
and tallow. The Burkes gathered their forces to expel the Scots, 
and some blood was shed on both sides. Six of the principal Burkes 
came to the sessions at Kilmean ; the rest were engaged against the 
Scots. After several frivolous excuses, O'Rourke refused to come to 
sessions, saying he would not go to any sessions in Connaught where 
the Binghams or their ministers had to do. He promises to come to 
Dublin next term. O'Rourke must be chastised, otherwise he will 
continue a most noisome neighbour to Roscommon and Sligo counties. 
The two principal men of the septs of O'Connor Roe and O'Flanagans 
came to Roscommon sessions and made complaint against Mapother, 
the sheriff. He entered their countries with a great force while they 
were under protection and took all their cattle, which drove them to 
fly to O'Rourke. Mapother, by way of excuse, has alleged that they 
had a purpose to have joined O'Rourke. In these four sessions now 
ended there have been presented unto us sundry abuses and extor- 
tions of sheriffs, sub-sheriffs, bailiffs errant, and other inferior 
ministers, by whom this people have been much oppressed, but 
specially in the county of Sligo most pitiful complaints have been 
made unto us of the hard course of government used there by Sir 
George Bingham and William Taaff, by mean whereof many of the 
inhabitants of that county had dispersed themselves and left .their 
habitations, and now, albeit upon our words most of them came 
unto us to declare their griefs, yet withal they signified such and so 
great fear and distrust of Sir George's authority over them that after 
four days' speeches had with them we had much ado either to 
persuade them to trust ourselves or to return to their dwellings 
upon our protection. Notwithstanding at the last we stayed them, 
and in this travail we brought back to their houses four several 
septs of that country, viz., of the Harts, of some of the O'Connors, 
M'Donoughs, and of the O'Garies, which before were fled into 
O'Rourke's country and elsewhere. 

In the sessions at Sligo we likewise have examined the book of 
complaints presented against Sir George Bingham and William Taaff, 
the now sheriff of that county, by David Dowde, chief of his name, 
and Ambrose Gary, a bailiff errand, and late servant to them both, 
in their offices of sheriffship, which for the most part hath been 
proved. And besides that book which was sent to your Lordships by 
Sir Geoffrey Fenton, some other matters against them both have 
been discovered unto us, bewraying a strange course of government, 
which hath bred a wonderful terror in that people. In particular 
there was a most grievous complaint presented by the foresaid David 
Dowde that having for himself and his country, being the best part 
of the barony of Tyreraugh, concluded the pacification at our last 
being at Gal way, for the assurance whereof we gave Her Majesty's 
word to him and others, which had been confederate with the Burkes 
in the late action, and were then upon their humble submissions 
protected by us, by open proclamation in the town of Galway. Not- 












withstanding Sir George Bingham, upon colour to fetch some beeves 
for relieving the ward in the castle of Sligo, being but 15 persons, 
two several times invaded his country, first sending the under-sheriff 
of the county with 40 or 50 soldiers into the same, which remained 
there the space of three days, and afterwards he went himself in 
person into that barony with Sir Richard's foot band, three erected 
companies of fifties, 40 horsemen, besides some k earns, to take the 
prey of the country, which fled over the river of the Moy, and so his 
purpose was disappointed, to the apparent breach of the peace, of 
Her Majesty's word given by us, and to the great dishonour of this 
State, wherewith we were not a little moved, the matter being 
proved before us, and the precedent so dangerous to have raised 
a new tumult amongst that timorous people, which therefore we have 
thought good to make known to your Lordships. The inferior officers, 
both by good proofs and their own confessions, have been con- 
victed of sundry extortions, whom we mean to punish for example's 
sake hereafter. And thus we have left this province in quiet in 
appearance, and have admonished Sir Richard to hold such a 
temperate course of government over this people, as they be not 
provoked to any undutifulness. Autographs, pp. 5. Inclose, 

64. i. Petition of William Burke, the Blind Abbot, Walter Kittagh 
Burke, Walter Ne Molly, Shane M'Tibbot, and others, i/n the name of 
all the Burkes and Clandonnells, to the Lord Deputy, &c. Pray to 
be excused for all of them not being present at the sessions at Kil- 
mean, as they are obliged to withstand an incursion of the Scots, 
who have killed and preyed their people. They would rather that aU 
the Spaniards were hanged than that the Queen, the Lord Deputy, 
and the Council should be displeased. 1589, Sept. 11. Copy. p.l. 

65. The Chancellor Archbishop Loftus to Burghley respecting 
attachments sued against the body and goods of Robert Newcomen 
for great sums for which he hath entered into suretiship with George 
Beverley, surveyor of the victuals. This is referred by Burghley to 
Wallop for his opinion, p. 1. 

66. Book of the wages grown due to the Lord Deputy, chief 
officers, and garrison of Ireland for half a year, being men 1,777, 
whereof 70 deducted as dead pays; money, 18,2151. 19s. 4fd Irish, 
or 13,162. sterling, pp. 15. 

Queen Elizabeth to the Lord Deputy to grant a lease of SOI. a 
year to William Bath, of Dromconragh. [Entry Book, Ireland, 
Folios, VoL XII., p. 279.] Copy. p. 1. 

67. Privy Council to the Lord Deputy. The Earl of Thomond 
to enjoy such lands as are contained in his patent. His uncle's title 
to certain lands to be examined, and fit persons to be appointed to 
the office of sheriff -in co. Clare, and not needy persons who have no 
land or living in that shire, but live on the spoil of the people. 
Modern copy. pp. 2. 

Copy. [Entry Book, Ireland, Folios, VoL XII., p. 281.] pp. 2. 

Q 2 




Sept. 7. 



Privy Council to the Lord Deputy. To take order for defence of 
the ships and Vessels fishing about the haven of Waterford. The 
mariners to be trained on holidays, so that resistance may be made 
in case of a Spanish attempt. [Entry Book, Ireland, Folios, Vol. 
XII, p. 282.] Copy. p. I. 

Privy Council to the Earl of Pembroke to levy men in the 
principality of Wales and counties of Monmouth, Worcester, Here- 
ford, Salop, Wilts, and Somerset, and train them to be in readiness 
to send to Ireland to resist the threatened Spanish invasion. 
Names and numbers contained in the like circular to other counties. 
Total 2,300 men. [Entry Book, Ireland, Folios, Vol. XII, p. 283.] 
Copy. p. I. 

68. Roger O'Flahertie to Walsyngham. To write to the Lord 
Deputy and Council in his behalf, not to dispossess him of his in- 
heritance which he enjoys by order of law. Sir Richard Bingham 
is a great help and mainstay for all of Walsingham's poor friends 
in Ireland. Autograph. Seal of wax impressed ivith a coin, p. I. 


Oct. 2. 1. Sir George Bingham to Burghley. Doubts not to purge 
Ballymote. himself from the heinous crimes so vehemently charged upon him, 
as an honest man and a gentleman. Autogr. seal with arms. 

Oct. 2. 2. Sir George Bingham to Walsyngham. The book of O'Dowde's 
Ballymote. j s ]j U t the report of a traitor, and the other of Ambrose Gary, put 
down by a notorious thief and malefactor. Depositions were 
taken in private upon his answers, the parties being all rebels 
brought in upon protection for the sessions at Sligo. Autograph, 
pp. 2. Incloses, 

2. i. Answer of Sir George Bingham to the articles exhibited 
against him by David Dowde, Ambrose Ca reive, Rory O'Hart, 
Dermot Obolan, O'Garrie, Hugh M'Connoi* Oge O'Hart, and 
TomultagJie O'Hart, [somewhat damaged, but the words now 
wanting may be found in the following documents, which are 
similar, and in many cases identical.'] 1589, Sept. Copy. pp. 19. 

[Oct. 2.] 3. Information of David Dowde, chief of his name, against Sir 
George Bingham and William Taaf for oppressing the inhabitants 
of Sligo. Also, the information of Ambrose Carie, bailiff errant. 
pp. 12. 

Oct. 2. 

4. Answer of Sir George Bingham to the several articles ex- 
hibited against him by David Dowde. Sir George says that 
there was not a goose or a capon in Sligo county before his coming 
thither, pp. 6 



Oct. 2. 

Oct. 2. 

Oct. 2. 
Oct. 2. 

Oct. 5. 


Oct. 6. 

Oct. [6.] 
Oct. 6. 



5. Answer of Sir George Bingham to the articles exhibited 
against him by Andrew Caroe. pp. 8. 

6. Complaints exhibited by Rory O'Hart, Ferdoragh McEdmond 
McDonaghoe, Melaghlin Dufie McDier, Shane O'Cahan of Sligo, 
Teig O'Hart of the Grange, and others against Sir G. Bingham. 
pp. 5. 

7. Answer of Sir G. Bingham to the complaints of Rory 
O'Hart, &c. pp. 6. 

8. The answer of Sir George Bingham to Davy O'Dowd's com- 
plaint at the sessions at Sligo. Sligo castle in great distress for 
want of victual. The peace concluded at Gal way. p. 1. 

9. Sir R. Bingham to Burghley Complains how the Lord 
Deputy in all haste commanded him to depart from Roscommon 
when he had intended to remain there during the sessions, and then 
to wait on his lordship out of Connaught. The Lord Deputy has 
given protection to Teig O'Connor, son of O'Connor Roe, with- 
out demanding pledges, or restitution of spoils. No order for resti- 
tution of the goods spoiled, being to the value of 16,000/. No 
order has been taken by the Lord Deputy for payment of the 
troops specially raised to stop the rebellion. O'Rourk's arrears 
will never be paid. The county Mayo is behind hand with the 
rents. Before the Lord Deputy left the province the Blind Abbot 
spoiled Theobald Dillon's lands in Costillo. Roger O'Flaherty's 
tenants were spoiled whilst the L. Deputy was at Roscommon. Row- 
land Burke is out with 50 swords spoiling in Clanricarde. In all 
presentments of the five sessions there appeareth not 250Z. for the 
extortions of officers, where the presentments against the Lord 
Deputy's soldiers and train amount to 2,OOOZ. Autogr. pp. 5. 

10. Privy Council to the Lord Deputy. Directions to investi- 
gate the matters wherewith Sir Richard Byngham is charged. The 
copies of all books of complaint to be delivered to him. Draft 
pp. 5. 

Copy. [Entry Book, Ireland, Folios, Vol. XII., p. 285.] pp. 2. 

11. Lord Deputy Fitz William to Burghley. Sir Thomas Cecil 
landed at Dublin the 18th Sept. last. Regrets Sir Thomas Cecil 
did not come in time, so as he might have gone the whole five 
sessions in Connaught, 'and might have seen the miserable state 
of that province, and withal such a sort of miserable people, half 
distracted through cruel usages in their goods, and fearfulness of 
their lives as would greatly have grieved his nature. Wrote to Sir 
Thomas to stay his visit to the Earl of Tyrone and Sir Turlough 
O'Neill, considering the present stirs between them. The sheriffs 
in Connaught, with their under officers, have extortiously dealt 
both with the poor and better sort of subjects. Has imprisoned 
some sheriffs and under officers, and taken bonds from others 
to make restitution. Will not mention the efforts made to shake 
and fear the people but he and the Council have laboured to 
make the barbarous rude men of Connaught assured. At Sligo 
sessions several persons were allured and bribed to absent them- 

1 9 * 




selves from verifying the wrongs done to them, and one confessed 
a sum of money given him by Sir George Bingham to that end. 
The people complain that the Binghams and their officers keep 
no promise with them when plaguing them for their lands or 
goods. Sir George Bingham tortured men to make them confess that 
they had Spanish money which it was falsely said they had. Will not 
weary Burghley with writing the wof ul state of the province. Such 
is the hatred and fear grown into people's hearts as they will never 
love or trust Sir Richard or any ministers in government under 
him, and while he governeth them they will live upon their guard, 
and be ready to fly out for their safety though their pledges 
hang. And on the other side Sir Richard and his do not let to say 
Her Majesty shall never have safe nor quiet government there, nor 
be sure of the payment of Her rents till they be all rooted out. 

Thanks Burghley for dealing with Walsingham upon the 
matters of his most bitter and sharp letter. Sir Richard is to 
come to Dublin to be tried by the Council. The Lord Deputy 
defends bis conduct during the last year's journey and hosting 
in the north west, and also his conduct in the proceedings in 
Connaught. O'Rourke will never be in better state, but will 
stand upon proud, traitorous terms, parts and protections till he 
is thorougly corrected. Will talk with Sir Edward Moore touching 
his offer for all Her Majesty's beeves in the north. Autograph. 

Oct. 7. 12. Burghley to Archbishop Loftus. Thanks for courtesies to 

Court at Rich- his SO n, Sir Thomas Cecill, who was taking a tour through Ireland, 
mond. Hopes his son will incline to no partialities there other than be- 
cometh a stranger, who ought not to be curious in alienis causis. 

[N.B. This letter was sealed and carried. It does not appear 
that it was delivered to the Chancellor Archbishop. The papers 
which belonged to him never were seized into the hands of the State. 
Bingham wrote something slightly against him in July 1589. The 
letter may have been enclosed at a subsequent period. It contains 
nothing of importance, although very characteristic of Burghley, and 
is curious on that account.] Holog. p. 1. 

Oct. 10. 13. Luke Dillon to [Thomas Jones, Bishop of Meath ?]. I have 
before this, and so do I now say, that I suspect the letter in the 
part concerning Sir George Bingham will give occasion to mistrust 
our indifferency, in respect we descend into more particularities in 
that shire, than we do in others, for avoiding whereof it will not 
be amiss that we refer the griefs to the bills exhibited, and the 
truth of them to the proofs produced without prejudice to the 
matter, the due consideration whereof I leave to your good judg- 
ment. I pray you ascribe my absence to the vehemence of the 
sweat wherewith I am presently perplexed. Sic valeas Domine. 

Oct. 12. 14. M. de Rupe and Fermoy, i.e., Lord Roche to Queen Elizabeth. 
Castle Town. Complains of the injuries done to him and his tenants by the under- 
takers. He is like to be dispossessed of his ancient inheritance. 


1589 VOL.CXLVH. 

He relies on Her Majesty's promise past when he took leave of 
Her Majesty. Autog. p. 1. 

15. M. De Rupe and Fermoy, i.e., the Lord Roche, to Walsyng- 
ham. Wishes the inclosed to be laid before the Queen, p. 1. In- 

15. I, Particulars of injuries done to the Lord Roche by Edmond 
Spenser [the Poet] Clerk of the Council in Munster, George Browne, 
Hugh Cuffe, Justice Smythes and Arthur Hyde. 

Edmond Spenser falsely pretending title to certa/m castles and 
16 ploughlands, hath taken possession thereof. Also, by threaten- 
ing and menacing the said Lord Roche's tenants, and by seizing 
their cattle, and beating Lord Roche's servants and bailiffs he has 
ivasted 6 ploughlands of his Lorship's lands. Oct. 12. pp. 1. 

Oct. 12 . 16. Bill against the Lord Roche. He relieved one Kedagh 
O'Kelly, his foster brother, a proclaimed traitor, has imprisoned 
men of Mr. Verdon's, Mr. Edmund Spenser and others. He speaks 
ill of Her Majesty's government and hath uttered words of contempt 
of Her Majesty's laws, calling them unjust. He killed a fat beef of 
Teig Oly ve's, because Mr. Spenser lay in his house one night as he 
came from the sessions at Limerick. He also killed a beef of his 
smith's for mending Mr. Peers's plough iron. He has forbidden 
his people to have any trade or conference with Mr. Spenser or 
Mr. Piers or their tenants. He has concealed from Her Majesty 
the manor of Crogh, being the freehold of one who was a rebeL 
Autograph, with endorsement by Edmond Spenser, pp. 2. 

[Oct. 12.] 17. Order passed, by Sir Thomas Norreys, Sir Robert Gardener, 

[Order made at ; Cf> commissioners for the titles in Munster, against the Lord 

Waterforci.] j^g ^ defendants, Jesse Smythes and Robert Ashfield to 

continue their possession. Copy under the hand of Robert Tyrry, 

Deputy Clerk of the Crown, Munster. p. 1. 

Oct. 13. 18. Lord Deputy Fitzwylliam to Walsyngham. He is forced to 
The Newry. draw the Council into the north to set some end to the dispute 
between Sir Tirlough O'Neill and the Earl of Tyrone. Great hurts 
have been done on both sides, p. 1. Incloses, 

18. i. Book of 'matters presented at Galway, Aug. 29, Kyllmeane, 
8th Sept., and at other places against Sir R. Bingham and his officers 
for taking up kine, &c. Appointed by the Lord Deputy to be 
answered by Sir R. Bingham. 1589, After Sept. 8. Copy. pp. 8.' 

18. II. Lord Deputy and Commissioners to the Privy Council. 
Calendared above, p. 241, No. 64. 1589, Sept. 29. Coroughboy. 
Copy. pp. 4. Inclose', 

18. in. Petition of William BouirJce, tlie Blind Abbot, and others, 
to the Lord Deputy. Calendared above, p. 243, No. 64. I. 1589, 
Sept. 11. Copy. p. 1. 

Oct. 13. 19. Sir Lucas Dillon to Walsyngham. Received his letters of 
Newry. i s t Aug. Has acted throughout with friendliness to Sir R. Bing- 


1589. VOL.CXLVII. 

ham. He has not seen the copies of the books and proceedings now 
certified over into England. [He had had the sweating sickness.] 
The moderation he has used is jealously taken, and if this letter, 
though but truth, should be known to the Lord Deputy, he would 
take it as an offence, p. 1. 

[Autograph damaged by damp. The autograph, which is plainly 
Lucas Dillon, has been much broken off, also it is to be remarked 
that it is indorsed Sir Robert Dillon, although it is not his letter.] 

Oct. 14. 20. Sir Richard Greynville to Walsingham. Being newly arrived 
Stowe in ou t o f Ireland, wishes to make known the state of the undertakers 
irmva ' in county Cork. The instructions given to Sir E. Waterhouse and 
the other commissioners appointed with him were, (1), to decide 
the title between Her Majesty and the freeholders for the charge- 
able lands; (2), to alter the cesses of the soldiers on the lords and 
captains of countries into a certain revenue, as in Connaught ; (3), 
to see what Englishmen each undertaker had brought over and 
planted. When Her Highness had Justice Anderson and Mr. At- 
torney before Her at the Court they delivered their opinions, that 
in respect of the charge which was found by office, that the traitor 
earl had on the land, Her Majesty might justly take three parts 
of four parts of the land into Her own hands for the undertakers, 
according to which rate the Lord Barry, the Lord Roche, with 
the captains of the other countries in Cork, do at this present deal 
with their freeholders. Yet Her Majesty's pleasure was that 
some sorts of the freeholders should have a third part. The man- 
ner of the Commissioners dealing 'herein, was by calling the free- 
holders before them and demanding of them what they would 
willingly yield unto Her Majesty in respect of the charge found 
on their land [as due to the Earl of Desmond.] They gave two 
days' respite for answer, at which time, they having agreed together, 
said they would yield to no composition. It was well known that 
of themselves they will never yield to better conformity. Where- 
fore except Her Majesty please to direct a certain course by the 
advice of Her learned counsel (who have heard all their titles) 
according to that which by law she may do, Her Majesty shall 
greatly prejudice herself and hinder her purpose in planting of 
that country with Englishmen. As for my own part, I mustered 
before them 100 Englishmen that I brought over with me to plant 
there, yet have I not five ploughlands to place them in. I was 
very earnest with the Commissioners to procure them to set down 
order, according as I had heard the Judge and Mr. Attorney yield 
their opinions, but nothing was done, which hath heen to my 
great harm. And albeit that those freeholders of themselves 
will not yield, yet in my own knowledge I am sure they expect 
to have but after the rate of the other lords' freeholders, which is a 
fourth part. For one of them, before the Commissioners came, 
sold unto me his fourth part of one ploughland in my seignory, he 
claiming no more thereof. And since the Commissioners departed 
another freeholder came unto me and yielded a ploughland into my 
hand, and prayed me to give him the fourth part of that I made of 


1580, VO..CXLVII. 

it. All that the frowardest of them can say against Her Majesty 
is, that the earl laid this charge on them by extortion. Many ways 
appear to prove their error in that, for as there are divers sorts 
of charges on the land, so are there divers sorts of freeholders like- 
wise, that yield only a small rent and suit of court, to all which 
sorts the earl and his officers ever held one course, never taking 
more of any freeholder that owed only rent and suit but that. And 
yet there is a third part of that my uncle Sentleger and I hold, 
that was held by rent and suit. And of the other lands that are 
found to owe this charge, he often made leases to strangers when 
the freeholders would not inhabit the same, to answer him his 
three parts, leaving to the frreeholder his fourth part. And when 
my uncle Sentleger and I first planted there, being more than 
20 years past, we being then tenants to the earl, all those that now 
seek to keep the whole of the chargeable land, yielded then to 
give us as much rent for every of those ploughlands, as any lord 
or captain of the Irishrie do make of their own private land at 
this day. If the earl had therein dealt as a tyrant, by extortion, 
he would have done it generally, the which he did not, but took 
a noble of some, ten shillings of others, and of some but only 
suit of court, and so held an equal course with every one, according 
to his tenure. And where it is known that this earl and divers 
other lords of countries had in times past, many thousand pounds 
of certain rents, which could not be raised but on these lands which 
are now chargeable. And if this chargeable land be held as the 
freeholders now seek the same, I do protest unto your honour I 
would not exchange the poor portion I have in England for the 
greatest lord's living in Munster. Unless some speedy settlement 
be made of this question the project for peopling Ireland will be 
greatly hindered and the Queen prejudiced. Concerning the altering 
the cess of the soldiers, the Commissioners called the lords and cap- 
tains of countries together and declared Her Majesty's instructions, 
which lords and captains seemed unwilling to yield a certain 
revenue out of their livings, for that might somewhat touch them- 
selves, where now, though the cess be very grievous, yet it never 
hurteth them, for that the whole burden thereof lighteth on the 
freeholders and inhabitants, who nevertheless yield unto their 
lords their whole demands. But a great number of the freeholders 
and their followers were veiy willing to agree unto it. Incon- 
veniences grow by the uncertain course that the lords and captains 
hold in setting their lands to their tenants, who hold the same not 
above four years, and so wander from one place to another, which 
course being redressed, and they commanded to set their lands as 
the undertakers must do, would do much good to breed civility 
generally in the country ; for whereas now the poor man is never 
certain to enjoy the fruits of his own labour and knoweth not in 
certainty what his lord will have of him. For fear, he must 
depend on him and follow all his actions, be they good or bad ; 
whereas, otherwise, if the poor tenant held his land by lease for his 
life or for 21 years at a certain rent, then were he sure of his 


. KQn Vol.. CXLVII. 


charge and that the overplus were his own ; so would he depend on 
Her Majesty 'and Her laws to be defended against the oppres- 
sions which now too commonly every lord useth. The question 
of the chargeable lands must be quickly settled. Next Michaelmas 
the half- rent must be paid to Her Majesty, and Sir Richard 
Greynville has not as yet as much land as is allowed for his own 
private demesnes, so he cannot place any tenants or raise any rent. 
Sir Richard is for some years to make his abode in Munster, so for 
his credit's sake amongst his neighbours in Cornwall he wishes for 
permission to transfer the charge of such private bands of men as 
he has to his son, and also that his son may supply a place with 
the rest in justice. Autograph, pp. 3. 

Oct. 17. 21. Geo. Beverley to Burghley. Sir Thomas Cecil is in good 

Chester, health, and travelleth in a pacification of the Earl of Tyrone. Robert 

* Ratcliffe to be favoured ; his skill exceedeth that of other men for 

the sea causes, and he has always readily attended any service. 

[Holog.} p.l. 

Oct. 18. 22. The Chancellor Archbishop Loftus to Walsyngham. Thanks 
Dublin. for favour to his son, Dudley Loftus. [Autog.] Damaged by damp. 


Oct. 18. 23. Theobald Dillon to Sir Richard Bingham. The misery of 
At the Cladegh. Connaught. There is never a night but several spoils, people slain 
and sore wounded. John Grace and Redmond Dillon, who were 
taken in a pass in Artegh and murdered. Their hands were found 
on Thursday. Thomas Browne, a merchant of Galway, was spoiled. 
And 20 spoils more. The Blind Abbot was called M'William on 
Wednesday last. They are determined to call O'Connor of the 
Fowle Dowaltegh at Ra Croghen. Desires that Hugh O'Conor Don 
may be set at liberty. The poor man M'Water is greatly hindered 
by M'Davy. [Holog.] Seal with device, pp. 2. 

Oct. 18. 24. Notes to be considered for Ireland, in Sir Geffery Fenton's 
hand. The Lord Deputy to give order for the apprehension and 
commitment of doubtful and suspected men. p. 1. 

Oct. 18. 25. Note of suspected men in Ireland, in the hand of Sir Geffery 
(in England.) Fenton, endorsed by Burghley. 

The names are, in Munster : The White Knight, Donough M'Cor- 
mack, alias M'Donough, Patrick Fitzmaurice, Sir Owen O'SuUivan, of 
Bearhaven, Lord Barry. In Ulster : Con O'Neill and Hugh Gave- 
lough, sons of the late Shane . O'Neill, Sir Arthur O'Neill, son to 
Turlough Lynagh O'Neill, M'Hugh Bryan Oge. 

In Leinster: Feagh M'Hugh O'Byrne and his son, Turlough 
M'Feagh O'Byrne, Teig M'Gill Patrick O'Conor, Walter Reagh, 
William Nugent, Ric. Newtervyle, the Baron of Delvyn, some of the 
principal of the O'Mores, O'Conors, O'Tooles, and Kavanaghs. p. 1. 

26. Copy of the above, with the addition by Fenton of Conley 
Duff Mageoghegan. 

Oct. 20. 27. Attestation by Ulick Burke, Earl of Clanricard, Moyler 
M'Henry Keagh, Ricard Burke, of Deny ma Coughlin, Shane Oge 


1589. VOL.CXLVII. 

Burke, M'Cough, M'Hubert John Daley, John Power, Portreeve of 
Loughreagh, U. Lynch Fitzstephen, Ed. Moyler Burke, Hubert 
M'Cough, Moiler Burke, Kiccard M'Shane, of Kenvellen, Ed. Dorogh 
M'Swyne, William M'Shane, of Renvellon, Roger O'Conor, William 
M'Moyler, Derby O'Shaughnessy, and others, gentlemen freeholders 
and inhabitants of Clanricard, that they frankly bestowed 50 beeves 
on Sir Richard Bingham as a welcome to the country after his last 
repair out of England. The jury at Galway has done manifest 
wrong to Sir Richard, and the presentment they have laid down is 
false. Copy. p. 1. 

Oct. 20. 28. Edward Whyte (clerk of the -Council) to Sir N. White, Master 
Athlone. o f the Rolls. Informs him of the miserable state of Connaught. 
Some will perhaps think that the Lord Deputy and Commissioners 
have quieted the same, and left it in very good order, but it is far 
otherwise. The sword of liberty was never put in the hands of the 
Irish as it is now. The late proceedings have made the Burkes and 
other rebels very proud. The Burkes go about armed in great 
troops of 500 or 600 robbing and spoiling the good subjects. They 
will not suffer any English or civil gentlemen to dwell among them. 
They have also established the Brehon laws, and have mass and 
other exercise of the Popish religion, which they dared not .have 
hitherto of a long time. There was never such stealing of garrons, 
kine, horses, and other cattle in the province as there is now, nor 
such disobedience to Her Majesty's officers. No man of any account 
dare lye in any thacht house out of a castle. No speech of anything 
but war and rebellion. They have made the Blind Abbot, M'William 
at Rahessekyre with all Irish ceremonies, contrary to the order set 
down in the composition, and also made Marcus M'En Abbe, M'Don- 
nell or chief of the Galloglasses of the sept of the Clandonnels. They 
intend to make Dualtagh O'Conor, O'Conor Don. They have assaulted 
Ballyloughmask and won it from Mr. Comerford's ward, and it is 
now kept for the Blind Abbot in the right of the M'Williamship. 
They besieged Thomas Nolan's castle, but were repulsed. Sir 
Richard Bingham did hot deserve to be so hardly treated. It is the 
sword will reform these people, and establish such peace as may do 
us good. Copy. pp. 2. 

Oct. 20. 29. Extracts of Sir Richard Bingham's letter of 5th Oct. 1589, 
with the Lord Deputy's answer to the objections of Sir Richard 
Bingham. This man [Bingham] is shameless. Copy. pp. 3. 

Oct. [20]. 30. Matters wherein the Lord Deputy and his commissions and 
Commissioners have impoverished the province of Connaught, hin- 
dered Her Majesty's service, and broken the composition, with the 
Lord Deputy's answer to these objections of Sir Richard Bingham. 
Copy. pp. 4. 

Oct. 20. 31. Hugh Mostyn's declaration of the preys, spoils, and extortions 
made by Richard Mapowder and others, with the part taken by Sir 
Richard Bingham. Copy. pp. 2. 



Oct. 23. 32. Note of 1,402?. 13s. lid. composition money received by 
Charles Huet, deputy to Sir Henry Wallop, from loth Nov. 1588 to 
Gth Aug. 1589. p. I. 

Oct. 24. 33. Lord Deputy and Council to Queen Elizabeth. O'Rourk hath 
Dublin Castle, faithfully promised upon solemn oaths to continue a dutiful subject. 
His pride is great. He is a dangerous and mischievous man. The 
Earl of Tyrone and Sir Tirlogh both came to Newry. The disputes 
between them have been arranged. The sons of Shane O'Neill, 
fostered by Sir Tirlogh, will prove most dangerous disturbers of the 
quiet of this State. They were the first to begin the late stirs. 
Report of the quiet of Munster by the Commissioners concerning the 
Undertakers. Sir Thomas Norreis much liked in that province. 
Autograph*, pp. 3. 

Oct. 24. 34. Lord Deputy and Council to the Privy Council. The manner 
of compounding the difference between Sir Tirlogh O'Neill (i.e., 
Tirlough Lenough) and the Earl of Tirone. The Scots entertained 
by the Earl were about 500, of whom about 300 were strangers and 
the rest were born and bred in that province, in the Rowte and the 
Glinnes. Sir Turlogh has suffered greater losses than the Earl. 
Both will give pledges. Shane O'Neill's sons will prove most 
dangerous disturbers of the quiet of Ulster. The fortification of 
Duncannon will be costly and of little use. Two or three barks 
should be sent to Waterford to protect the fishing and chase away 
pirates. The nearest part of Spain is four days' sail from Waterford 
with prosperous wind. Desire a large portion of treasure to clothe 
the soldier. Autographs, pp. 3. 

Copy. [Entry Book, Ireland, Folios, Vol. XII., p. 28G.] pp. 2. 

34. i. Lord Deputy and Council to the Privy Council. Co'iicern- 
ing the fortifying of Duncannon. 1588-9, Jan. 30. Extract. 
Calendared above, p. 115, No. 51. p. 1. 

Oct. 24. 35. Lord Deputy to Burghley. Received his letter of 26th Sept. 
Dublin Castle. His dealings in Sir Richard Bingham's causes. The reports of hurts 
done in Thomond by Grany ny Malie's sons are untrue. Quistelo 
(? Costello) was spoiled by some loose fellows of the Burks. Sir 
R. Bingham is expected in town, who presently shall be dealt 
withal and sent to England. Deputy's credit is so in decay by the 
letters sent over by Sir John Perrot that it must openly be repaired. 
Sir Thomas Cecil has travelled through the four provinces. Burghley 
to be good to his son Coningsby for his fine. Autog. pp. 3. Incloses, 

35. i. Lord Deputy and Council to the Privy Council. 1589, 
Oct. 24. Calendfjired above. No. 34. Copy. pp. 3. 

35. n. Lord Deputy and Council to the Privy Council. 1589' 
Jan. 30. Extract. Calendared above, p. 115, No. 51. p. I. 

35. in. Brief declaration under the hand of Riclaird Hoper, 
sJioiving the sums of money paid and allowed out of Her Majesty's 



revenues by warra nt and commandment of the Lord Deputy, Sir 
William Fytzwylliam, between SOth June 1588 and '30th Sept. 1589. 
Total 1,5651. 12s. Qd. 1589, Oct. 16. pp. 3. 

Oct. 24. 36. Patrick Foxe to Walsyngham. The M'Dernuots who keep 
Dublin. about the 'Curlieus are not come in. O'Rourke deceived the Lord 
Deputy and came not in at Roscommon. The heads of Brian 
M'Ferral Oge O'Reilly and three others have been sent in by 
Mr. Herbert, Sheriff of Cavan. Many of the best sort mistrust there 
is some mystery in the sudden coming of Sir Thomas Cecil. Sir 
Richard Bingham is a man most sufficient to do Her Majesty honour 
and service. He came to Dublin yesterday. Autog. pp. 1^. 

[Oct. 24.] 37. Articles of treason and disloyalties committed by Fergus 
O'Farrell and his adherents to the prejudice of the State, as shall 
be sufficiently proved. 

1. When O'Rourke received the Spaniards into his protection he 
sent Fergus O'Farrell a fair Spanish cloak of great value and a pair 
of spurs, which were received thankfully by the said Fergus in the 
said dangerous time, at which time, O'Rourke was in rebellion. 

2. He sent letters and messengers daily to O'Rourke while the 
latter was in rebellion, and gave him intelligence of the movements 
of Her Majesty's troops. 

3. A priest named Connor O'Kenny often took messages between 
O'Rourke and Fergus, and with a view to join Fergus' son, Hubart, 
in marriage with one of O'Rourke's daughters. 

4. He advised and caused O'Rourke not to come to the Lord 
Deputy upon the safe conduct which the Lord Deputy sent by Sir 
Henry Harrington and Sir Thomas Lestrange. 

5. He received a letter from O'Rourke by the hands of Cahil 
Keogh,.one of O'Rourke's footmen, and a follower of Fergus's wife. 

6. He sent Bryan M'Mortaghe, a pr'est brought up in his house, 
to Spain for some bad purpose, and afterwards he also sent his son, 
Brian O'Farrell, to Spain. 

7. He sent a harp as a token to Feagh M'Hugh by one Richard 
O'Quyne, a priest, well knowing Feagh M'Hugh to be a bad 

8. The said Fergus' son, called Hubert M'Fergus, a dangerous 
person, repaired to Feagh M'Hugh, and remained with him a week 
to establish friendship betwixt Feagh and O'Rourke and Fergus's own 
father. At his departure he received a dag from Feagh M'Hugh and a 
chief horse as a bond of his devotion, which horse with eight others 
was forcibly and feloniously taken with much goods and other 
cattle from Hugh Duffe, one of the Earl of Ormond's tenants, about 
14 days before, at which time Feagh M'Hugh sought the said Hugh 
Duffe to kill him. 

9. The said Fergus being High Sheriff of Co. Longford went to 
the house of Bryan M'Farrell Oge O'Reilly, and became his gossip, 
he knowing O'Reilly to be a notorious traitor, whose overthrow was 
sought for by the State, as may appear by the 2QI. that was paid 
for cutting off his head. 



10. It is to be remembered that there is no greater proof of friend- 
ship in Ireland than to become gossip to any man. 

1 1. Fergus and his sons were of great acquaintance and familiarity 
with the traitor, Hugh Roe O'Donnell, and while he was prisoner in 
the castle of Dublin they often visited him, and after his escape 
Fergus sent him messages by his servant, Cormack O'Hanely. For 
this Cormacke received a horse from the said Hugh, and he called 
the horse by the name of O'Donnell, and having brought the said 
horse to the house of Fergus, the sheriff of Longford requested Fergus 
to keep Cormack prisoner till the Lord Deputy did send for him, 
but Fergus would neither deliver him to the said sheriff nor keep 
him in his castle, but thinking that he might escape from the sheriff 
sent him out of his castle with his sword and target, and willed 
him he should not submit himself to the sheriff, but rather revenge 
his death, whereupon the sheriff pursued him, and therein he was 
slain by a shot of a bullet. On the back are genealogies of the 
Dillons, and the M'Donnells tricked by Burghley. Damaged by 
damp. pp. 2. 

Oct. 24. 38. Draft of the following, pp. 4. 

Oct. 25. 39. The state of Connaught as it was in April before the Com- 
missioners dealt in the action first and as it is now. The rebels' 
quarrel was for their M'Williamship. O'Bourke's country, called 
Leitrim, is greatly enriched by the spoils. He, of all men in Ireland, 
lives most absolutely. Rowland Burke, with a rout of disobedient 
persons, greatly annoys the county of Galway. Sir Richard Bing- 
ham knoweth not how he may behave himself towards the rebels, 
there hath been such hard constructions made of all his doings. 
pp. 4. 

Oct. 25. 40. Lord Deputy to Walsyngham. Will take order that the night 
Dublin Castle, walkers shall not have free passage. Sends an advertisement of 
certain matters out of Scotland under the hand of Mr. Campbell, 
who most abideth about Limerick. Duncannon could not resist a 
strong pirate. The herring fishing at Waterford doth not endure 
two months. Ships to be stationed to hinder the approach of 
Spaniards, and keep away pirates, of whom there are too many. Sir 
Thomas Norris appointed to repair to Waterford to exercise the 
mariners, pp. 2. 

Oct. 25. 41. Certificate of the state of Connaught by Sir R. Bingham 
Dublin. E. Whyte, clerk of the council in Connaught, G. Comerford, Her 
Majesty's attorney of Connaught, Tho. Nolan, R. B. (Richard Burke), 
David M' Morris, and John Gilson. The rebels have prejed Roger 
O'Flaherty, John Brown of the Neale, Thomas Chaloner, Edmund 
Bermingham, Miles Kavanagh, and Wm. Burke, of Shrowle. They 
purpose to make Shane M'Morris, M'Morris, Marcus M'Enab, 
M'Donnell, and Dualtaughe O'Conor, O'Conor Dun, in place of Hugh 
O'Conor Dun, who is prisoner at Galway. Balliloughmask and 
Thomas Nolan's castle assaulted. Autographs, pp. 3. 



Oct. 25. 


42. The state of Connaught, with the facts committed by the 
Burkes. Draft of the above, pp. 4. 

Oct. 25. 43. Theobald Dillon to Sir R. Bingham. He went to meet the 
Castle More. Blind Abbot, M' William, on Wednesday last. Lord Benningham 
and M'Davye, accompanied him. The Blind Abbot refused to give 
the pledges he had promised the Lord Deputy. He denied the 
promise. M'Tybbot called him M' William, and gave him the rod 
with all the ceremonies accustomed. A prophetic reproof was uttered 
by Robbocke French, when he came to them. " you vile people ! 
O you unhappy wretches ! O you faithless and ungodly sort. You 
have shamed all your friends, and disproved all your own sayings." 
[Received the 30th of October.] Autogr. p. 1. 

Oct. 26. 44. Lord Deputy to Burghley. Sir Thomas Cecil came to this 

Dublin Castle, city from his long, painful journey on Friday. The state of Ireland 

has been fully opened to him. Sir R. Bingham arrived the 25th. 

Fytzwilliam intends to take three days' physic, and then to inquire 

into Sir Richard's case. Hologr. p. 1. 

Oct. 26. 45. Mr. Solicitor of Ireland, Roger Wilbraham, to Walsyngham. 
The bearer, Sir Edw. Waterhous, will particularly inform his Honour 
of all occurrences since last summer. Autog. p. 1. 

Oct. 26. 46. Roger Wilbraham to Sir John Perrot. These imaginative 
people have divulged many rumours touching Sir Thomas Cecil. 
They whisper that he is to be our next Lord Deputy. He hath 
been received with such gladness as is very rare. James Gold is 
made justice of Munster. It may easily be seen that when the 
Queen's rents shall be charged upon the undertakers how few will 
abide it. The contentions for the Queen's land are many, and money 
is scarce in Ireland. Autog. p. 1. Incloses, 

46. i. TIte Commissioners in Munster to the Privy Council. [Calen- 
dared at p. 256, No. 51, Oct. 29.] 1589, Oct. 26. 

46. n. Abstract of the proceeding of the Undertakers in Munster, 
giving tJie names of all the Undertakers, [Calendared at p. 257, 
No. 51. 1., Oct. 29.] 1589, Oct. 29. Copy. p. 1. 

47. Sir R. Bingham to Walsyijgham. The bearer, Sir Edward 
Denny, hath seen and heard much debated on the state of all things 
here. Sir Thomas Cecil's favourable dealing with the Lord Deputy 
in Roger O'Flaherty's behalf. Autog. p. 1. 

48. Sir George Carew to Burghley. Touching the remains of 
ordnance and munition. The match that came in dry fats in 
December last is all rotten, it had been in Flanders with Leicester, 
and taken water. Cal. MSS. Carew, Vol. iii. p. 14. p. 1. 

49. Sir N. White to Burghley. The people will needs cry Sir 
Thomas Cecil, Deputy. His coming hath altered the minds of the 
people and abated the credit of the Lord Deputy. Her Majesty may 
now, by taking hold of his offence, easily bring the Earl of Tirone 
to qualify the greatness of his last grant. Feaghe M'Hugh hath 
attempted to enter the castle of Arcloo to execute his malice upon 
Hugh Dutf M'Donnel, Ormond's tenant. Feaghe M'Hugh is the 

Oct. 28. 


Oct. 28. 


Oct. 28. 




1589 VOL. CXLVII. 

head and cause of many stealths and spoils. Sir Edward Waterhous 
carrieth over the return of the commission in Munster. It may be 
thought that the withdrawal of so much land from the undertakers to 
the lords and gentlemen of the country that pretend title thereto, will 
disadvantage Her Highness, but if the composition goes forward those 
lands will prove as beneficial to her in their hands as in the Under- 
takers, besides the contentment of her people. White has something 
to tell which he dare not commit to writing. He complains of un- 
kind treatment at the hand of Fitzwilliam set on by Justice Dillon, 
whose malice knows no end. White's suit for a grant of one of his 
houses, pp. 3. 

Oct. 28. 50. He. Shethe to SirR Bingham. Touching the gathering of the 
Carrybryen. goods of the shipwrecks and the prisoners. One M'NaMara, who 
hath had a great portion of the goods of one ship, hath been com- 
mitted to Ennis for his obstinacy. Copy, with observations by 
Fitzwylliam, p. 1. 

Oct. 29. 51. The Commissioners of Munster to the Privy Council. We 
Dublin. have dealt with the tenants and pretended inheritors of the charge- 
able lands in the province of Munster, persuading them by all good 
means we could to surrender up unto Her Majesty three parts of 
their lands, reserving the fourth free to themselves, and likewise 
offering to such as had evidence in writing (as many have) the third 
part of such their chargeable lands, so as they would resign the 
other two parts. But they all of them are resolved, that the charge- 
able lands be their lawful inheritance, for which some in the barony of 
Imokilly as Cogan, Canton, Supel alias Capel, Poer, and Carewe, 
especially shew ancient charters proving their title to their lands 
before Desmond or any Geraldine had any footing in those parts. 
Others in the Barony of Kirrycuhirry (Ent. Bk. Kirriwhyrry), shewed 
evidence whereby^hey and their ancestors have purchased lands there 
of such as are affirmed to have been lawful inheritors of their charge- 
able lands. Upon confidence of such their titles they are unwilling 
to accept Her Majesty's offer, exclaiming that the traitor Desmond 
had no interest in their lands but by mere extortion. The question 
of the chargeable lands hath often been debated, but it could never 
be decided whether the chargeable lands were the traitors' in- 
heritance that had the rents and spending thereof, or whether they 
were the lawful inheritance of such the tenants whose ancestors had 
enjoyed the possession thereof many descents. It is probable 
that in the beginning some of the tenants were freeholders, 
and others but tenants-at-will to Desmond, but how to dis- 
tinguish' them, wanting the traitor's evidences and rentals we know 
not. Yet howsoever the title of the freehold fall out, the tenants 
of those chargeable lands ought to yield to Her Majesty the certain 
rents of money and beeves annually of long time paid to Desmond, 
or to yield reasonable composition for the same. And for other 
spendings and cesses uncertain of Gallowglass, kerns, boys, horses, 
dogs, and such like, which carry great show of extortion, Her 
Majesty may, of her princely authority, take them, but the people 


J589. V01.CXLVII. 

are altogether unwilling to pay them or give composition for them, 
neither are the lands able to bear so great a charge. 

We have severally treated with the noblemen, gentlemen, and 
freeholders of the several counties in Munster to yield to the Queen's 
Majesty like composition for cess as is yielded within the province of 
Connaught, to which the freeholders of the county Limerick answer 
they will be contented to yield such reasonable composition as the rest 
of the province shall condescend unto. All the noblemen and great 
lords of the county of Cork, and of Kerry and Desmond, refuse to 
pay composition, pretending great poverty and great scarcity of 
money by reason of the late rebellion, only Cormac M'Dermot 
McCarthy, lord of Muskerry, is content to compound, so as the 
barrenness of his mountainous country may be respected. And 
some freeholders of the county Cork offer to compound so as they 
may be at a certainty with the Lord Barry, Lord Roche, and other 
their lords, who spend upon them at their pleasures. The contri- 
bution of county Waterford, now offered in discharge of cess, is 
about 50. a j'ear, and that for three years only. Nevertheless we 
think a general composition of the whole province sperable when 
the people shall have a further feeling of the good that may come 
thereof to them. 

And whereas of late your Lordships by letters signified to the 
Lord Deputy that Her Majesty's pleasure is that such of her subjects 
as submitted themselves upon the general proclamation of Her 
Majesty's free pardon offered in the late rebellion should, upon proof 
of their dutiful behaviour since their submission, be restored to their 
lands and pardoned for their lives, the act of Desmond's attainder 
notwithstanding. We have received direction from the Lord Deputy 
for accomplishment of Her Majesty's pleasure, and thereupon have 
restored the heir of one Cam [Thomas Canne] to 12 ploughlands or 
thereabouts called the Clenlishe in Conilo, which we think was 
allotted by particular to Mr. Henry Oughtright [Ughtred], but no 
patent passed thereof. He claimeth restitution of other lands which 
for that it was already passed to Mr. Trenchard and other Under- 
takers by letters patent, we did forbear to dispossess them. Four 
entire seignories of 12,000 acres each will be evicted from the 
Undertakers by such as claim the benefit of Her Majesty's procla- 
mation and the honourable promise of Sir John Perrot upon the 
passing of the Act of Attainder. The proceedings of the Under- 
takers have been examined. The Earl of Ormond is to have all 
Her Majesty's escheated land in the county of Tipperary, but 
there is no survey thereof. Nicholas Browne, son to Sir Valen- 
tine Browne, hath a patent of divers lands now in the possession of 
the Earl of Clancarr. Damaged. Autographs, pp. 2. 

Oct. 29. Copy. [Entry Book, Ireland, Folios Vol. XII. p. 291. pp. 2.] 

51. i. The proceedings of the Undertakers in Munster: 
Sir Christopher Hatton hath by patent 10,910 acres ; Irish people, 
53 ; Englishmen, 20. 

P 41. 2 C R 


158 o VOL. CXLVII. 

Sir George Bourchier hath by patent 12,880 acres ; possessed by 
Irish, the most in controversy ; Englishmen, 8. 

Sir Edward Phitton hath by patent 11,515 acres ; divers Irish 
tenants ; Englishmen, 24 there dwelling upon it. 

Mr. Richard and Alex. Phitton hath by patent 3,026 acres; 
possessed by Irish, in controversy the most part ; Englishmen, none. 

Sir Thomas Norreys hath by patent 6,000 acres. 

Sir Richard Greenfilde and Mr. Phane Beecher have by patent 
Kinalmeky, 24,000 acres ; divers Irish tenants ; Englishmen, 6. 

Mr. Thos. Fleetwood and Mr. Marmaduke Redmayne have by 
patent 12,667 acres ; Irish families, 40 and more; Englishmen, 5. 

Captain George Thornton hath by patent 1,500 acres ; the most 
inhabited with Irish ; Englishmen, 6. 

Sir Edward Denny hath by patent 6,000 acres ; the most in- 
habited with Irish ; English inhabitants, 30. 

Mr. Edmund Manwaring hath by patent 3,747 acres ; the most 
inhabited with Irish ; English families, 6. 

Mr. Arthur Robins hath by patent 1,800 acres ; Irish families, 
20 ; Englishmen, 4. 

Mr. Wm. Trenchard hath by patent 12,000 acres; divers Irish 
tenants; English inhabitants, 14. 

Mr. Henry Billingsley hath by patent 11,800 acres; divers Irish 
tenants ; English inhabitants, 36. 

Mr. Arthur Hyde hath by patent 12,000 acres; Irish families, 
60 ; Englishmen, 40. 

Mr. Justice Jessua Smythes hath by patent 6,000 acres ; mere 
Irish families, none, but some of English race ; English, none. 

Mr. Hugh Cuffe hath by patent 12,000 acres ; Irish tenants, none; 
Englishmen, 21. 

Mr. Chas. Herbert hath by patent 4,000 acres ; Irish tenants, 20 ; 
Englishmen, 50. 

Sir Wm. Herbert hath by patent a large seignory. 

Sir Walter Rawley stiall have by patent 12,000 acres ; Irish fami- 
lies, about 50 ; Englishmen, 120, and many of them have families. 

Captain Francis Barkley hath by particular 7,000 acres. 

Mr. Alexander Clerke 4,000 

Mr. Edmond Spenser 4,000 

Sir Warfiam St. Leger and Sir Richard Greevjilde have by par- 
licuiar desire Ken'ywhirry. Sir Warham has 46 Englishmen and 
Sir Richard has 99 Englishmen. 

Sir Wm. Courtney hath a seignory allotted to him, but never pro- 
ceeded with the enterprise. 

Mr. Densill Holies hath a seignory allotted called Terbert and 
hath been here two several years, but no^v desisteth disliking his rent. 

Rnocktemple, in the county Cork, is esteemed to be about 6,000 
acres, but no Undertakers will have it by reason of the barren soil. 

Mem. The rent to be paid for every acre in Waterford and Cork 
is l$d. ; for every acre in Limerick, 2|d, and in Conilo, 3d. ; for 
every acre in Desmond and Kerry, 4dL 

Totals. Acres, 178,845 ; rent, 1,933?. Os. 7d., and 169 kine. 
Inhabitants. English, 536 ; Irish not set down. (1 sheet.) 



Oct. 29. 

Oct. 29. 


Oct. 31. 


Oct. 31. 
Oct. 31. 




^2. 53. Two copies of No. 51. pp. 3. 

54. Sept of the O'Feralls, viz., Kedagh O'Ferrall, Connall O'Ferrall, 
and Fergus O'Ferrall, to Burghley, for license to prosecute their 
cause against Irriel O'Ferral in England, or to have a hearing in 
Ireland, p. 1. 

55. Sept of the O'Fearalls to Secretary Walsyngham. That the 
cause between them and Irriel O'Ferral may be referred to the Lord 
Deputy and Council, or that they may be licensed to make their 
repair over to prosecute the same at Court. Their agent intimidated 
and driven away by William Mostyn. pp. 2. 

Copy of the above. [Entry Book, Ireland, Folios, Vol. XII., p. 
289.] p.\ 

Privy Council to the Lord Deputy and Council. To proceed no 
further in the controversy between John Newton and Thomas 
Crompton for certain land. Newton to be relieved for his service. 
[Entry Book, Ireland, Folios, Vol. XII., p. 289.] p. f 

56. Petition of John Newton to Burghley. That he may have 
other lands instead of those he found to Her Majesty, which were 
taken from him by Sir John Perrot, and now lie waste, of which 
lands he has procured a note. p. 1. 

57. A note of certain lands of Her Majesty's revenue increased, 
granted by lease by Sir John Perrot, Deputy, formerly concealed 
and detained from Her Highness, never in charge before, [certified by 
the surveyor] and endorsed by Perrot. [Found next the above 
petition of John Newton.] pp. 2. 

58. Petition of Thomas Crompton, of Dublin, to the Privy Council. 
For present possession of certain lands which John Newton, of 
Corifen, in the county of Gal way, detains, p. 1. 

59. Note of the suits of Captain Warham Saintleger, George 
Thornton, captain of the " Poppinjay," Robert Ratcliffe, John Newton, 
for restitution of certain lands withholden from him by one Cromp- 
ton, a servant to Sir John Perrot, and of Nicholas Bevans. pp. 2. 

Privy Council to the Lord Deputy. In favour of Sir Owen 
O'Tool to be liberated after nine months' imprisonment for rent of 
Tirconnel. [Entry Book, Ireland, Folios, Vol. XII., p. 289.] p. J. 


Nov. 3. 1. Memorial for Ireland. Munition. A staple for victuals. Levy 
of troops. Considerations for dividing the Irish against the 
Spaniards. Shipping to lie off the coast of Spain to impeach the 
army that is to repair into Ireland. To cause the ill-affected in 
Connaught to be apprehended, pp. 2. 

R 2 




Nov. 6. 2. Patent granted to Captain Thomas Woodhouse for the sole 
Dublin. making of glass in Ireland for eight years. Copy, ivith observations 
by Burghley. p. 1. 

Nov. G. 3. Sir Geff. Fenton to Burghley. The danger of an attack by 

[prob. London.] Stanley and the Spaniards in March or April. The havens on the 

west coast of Ireland not dangerous in winter. Expediency of 

sending soldiers to be made acquainted with the air of the country 

and the manner of the service, p. 1. 

Nov. 8. 4. Lord Deputy Fytzwylliam to the Privy Council. In answer 
Dublin Castle, to their Lordships' of 13th July for the enlargement of Patrick Fitz 
Morris. Copy. p. 1. 

Nov. 8. 5. Robowg Frynche [Robuck French] to Lord Deputy Fitzwilliam. 
Gaiway. Went into the county of Mayo and found Walter Kittagh Bourke 
ready in all respects to answer the composition of Tyrawley. Went 
also to the Blind Abbot and other gentlemen, who immediately 
repaired to a parley hill, where they gave straight charge to the 
several collectors to make payment of the composition. I have 
further conferred with the Blind Abbot and the rest of the principal 
gentlemen touching their sundry abuses and undutifulness, by 
the nomination of a M'William contrary to their duty and your 
Lordship's pleasure, also the taking of the castle of Ballough- 
na Maske, and for the keeping of a certain number of men, being 
for the more part evil-disposed and idle persons, gathering 
together in their daily assemblies, and all other their actions and 
facts committed or done, wherein they were contented by their 
promise made to me to submit themselves to Her Majesty and the 
Lord Deputy. After which I repaired to Sir Morough's country, 
who doth with all expedition levy Her Majesty's composition rents 
there due to satisfy his creditors, who answered and paid the same 
to Sir Richard at the day appointed. I am now ready to join Mr. 
Fowle and go to the Low Bourkes, expecting their speedy and 
dutiful reformation, which I am told they have concluded to accom- 
plish. Note by Fitzwilliam. Robuck Ffrench, merchant of Gaiway, 
is a most careful, painful, and faithful servant to Her Majesty, and 
I do as assuredly trust his report as I would believe myself. So 
Lord Burghley may see what those rude, barbarous men would do 
if they were governed by loving justice without raven, but as I live, 
and I speak without any respect other than duty, I see they never 
will trust Sir Richard Bingham with their lives or goods by their 
will. [AutogJ] pp. 2. 

Nov. 9. 6. Lord Deputy Fytzylliam to Burghley. Answer to the joint 
Dublin Castle, letter from him and Sir W. Mildmay of 20th May. John Allington's 
man, Pynson, cannot obtain payment of the 701. he lent to J. Long, 
the late Primate of Armagh, in a time of great necessity. His Lord- 
ship died 1,000. in debt, and left scarcely enough to bury him. 
p. I. 

Nov. 11. 7. Katherin Egarton to Captain Charles Eggarton, at the Court in 
Knockfergus. England. My good Charles, I have received from you since your 



|589 VOL. CXL VIII. 

arrival in England one letter, wherein you use your wonted fair and 
gentle persuasions for me to hold myself patiently contented, and 
that your great hope is you shall be speedily despatched, but how 
soon soever I greatly fear the same will come too late for my relief; 
for what with thy absence, the remembrance of my sweet father's 
death, your unwise dealings in selling mine annuity, my chain 
(chenne), and my bordars, only for the relief of a company of most 
ungrateful men who do daily exclaim of you, and threaten me to 
take my clothes to pawn for victuals ; adding hereunto my miserable 
fare, sometimes glad to drink water with no other bread than that 
which is made of this country barley. All these occasions weighed, 
you may very easily persuade yourself I suffer no small extremities of 
grief. Your three children be in good health, whom I wish with 
myself in heaven, where for my own part I trust, through my sweet 
Saviour Jesus Christ, to be before you shall see my face again, humbly 
praying thee to bring my children up in the fear of God, and give 
them learning, so far forth as thy ability will extend unto. And so 
she, the most unfortunate in this world of all her kindred, as a most 
obedient wife taketh her leave. Holograph, with note from Captain 
Charles Eggarton to good Mr. Henry Maynard, Lord Burghley 's 
secretary. I humbly pray you to befriend me so much that my Lord 
(Burghley) your master may have a sight of this iny wife's letter, 
the which I trust will be a mean to move [moufe] his honorable 
pity, and so I betake you to God. From my lodging at Brentford, 
where my sickness increaseth (22nd December), p. 1. 

Nov. 12. Privy Council to the Lord Deputy of Ireland, for a general restraint 
[Richmond.] of grain and victual to be made throughout that realm. [Entry 
Book, Ireland. Folios, Vol. XII, p. 295.] p. . 

Nov. 13. 8. Lord Deputy and Council to Privy Council. The Earl of 
Dublin. Tirone called to account for the late stirs in the north, and for the 
entertaining a number of Scots. He is licensed to repair to submit 
himself and his cause to Her Majesty. [Autogs.] p. 1. 

Nov. 13. Copy of the above. [Entry Book, Ireland. Folios, Vol. XII., 
Dublin. p. 300. p. 1.] 

Nov. 13. 9. Captain Nicholas Merriman to Walsyngharn. The Earl of 
The North of Tirone sent his own messenger into Scotland for Angus M'Donnell, 
and brought him over here into Ireland, where they joined in great 
friendship, the Earl and Angus did sleep together in one bed two 
nights. The earl gave him seven of the best horses in his country, 
and Angus gave unto the Earl's men all the Scots plaids and sculls 
that he brought over as a gift. If O'Neill were gone, Tirone would 
be as bad a member as ever came of his name. [Autog.] p. 1. 

Nov. 14. 10. Lord Deputy Fitz William to Burghley. The Earl of Tvrone 
Dublin Castle. wa s forced to hire Scots by reason of the grievous doings of Hugh 
Gavelagh O'Neill and Con O'Neill, Shane O'Neill's sons, two such 
members as while they live, and may be maintained by Sir Turlough 
Lynagh O'Neill, will never suffer any part of the north to be in 
quiet. Sir John Perrot has written several letters to Ireland calcu- 

2 r- * 




lated to discredit the Lord Deputy. Last Sunday my wife coming 
to the church to hear the sermon, went to the chapel where she and 
other ladies sit. The Lady Bourchier was there before her coming, and 
in the place where my wife usually sitteth, and so she used my wife 
as she made her go to the other side and sit with the rest of the 
ladies. Begs pardon for troubling Burghley with so vain a matter, 
but has requested Sir Robert Cecil to trouble him more at large 
therewith. Sir Richard Bingham is now occupied in answering 
the complaints against him, but so far from all Christianity 
and parts of an honest man hath he set down untruths against 
me, as if I were not in the place I am in, I would rather 
venture my life upon him than bear it at his hands 24 hours, and 
no other in effect doth he bring forth to witness with him, but those 
who have been the instruments to work the mischiefs, and whose 
hands were deepest in executions both for life and goods. Sir 
Morough Ne Doe O'Flaherty and the Burkes are paying the com- 
position. The Earl of Tyrone's earnestness to repair to Court. 
Some money should be sent to Ireland, for there is not one 
groat to pay the soldiers nor to help to clothe them. I am now 
borrowing if I can get it by bond or plate 500Z. or 600Z. O'Rourke 
hath sworn devoutly, and written within these two days that 
he will keep his Christmas in Dublin. Four notorious traitors' 
heads have been brought in within these four days ; one called Brian 
M'Ferrall Oge O'Reilly, son-in-law to Sir John O'Reilly, a man 
among the lewd sort both of the Pale and the Irish greatly lamented, 
for he served to do many a wicked deed, and had been a rebel these 
three years. The others were as bad as he and very notorious 
fellows, one of whom was a chief man of the race of the O'Ferralls 
in county Longford, and as was thought stept forth to have been 
a Robin Hood, if the matter of the new patent (which yet resteth 
to be decided before the Privy Council in England) should take 
effect. [Autog.] pp. 3. Incloses, 

10. i. Lord Deputy and Council to the Privy Council. Calen- 
dared above No. 8. p. 261. 1589, Nov. 13. Dublin, p. 1. 

Nov. 14. 11. Lord Deputy to Walsyngham. Forbeareth to proceed to the 

Dublin Castle, enlargement of Patrick Fitzmaurice. Quiet state of the country. 

Most of the composition rent answered in Connaught. He that 

hath taken upon him the name of M'William, a very fool, offereth 

his submission and asks mercy for the same. [Autog.] p. 1. 

Nov. 17. 12. Sir R. Bingham to Burghley. Thanks for his comfortable 
Dublin. letters of 8th October. The Lord Deputy and Council have sat upon 
his causes six or seven days. The Lord Deputy carrieth a very 
heavy hand towards him. The Burks do utterly refuse to pay Her 
Majesty's rents. Connaught is in rebellion whatever any one may 
say to the contrary, and the people will never be quiet and dutiful 
until the sword go amongst them. Prays for the despatch of John 
Newton, long time a suitor. [Autog.] pp. 5. 



Nov. 18. 


Nov. 19. 

The Court. 

Nov. 19. 

Nov. 19. 


Nov. 19. 

Nov. 19. 


Nov. 20. 



13. Sir N. White, Master of the Rolls, to Burghley. Explains the 
reason that he withheld his hand from the letter on behalf of the 
Earl of Tirone. The complainants do not appear at Dublin to 
make proof against Sir Richard Bingham. White leans to Sir 
Richard's side. The Lord Deputy purposeth to let the matter hang 
in suspense. White would not like to be displaced from the con- 
stableship of Duncannon on the grounds of mistrust. The new 
fortification is to be made on his land, and his chief house is close 
by. It would grieve him if the constableship were given to 
another. [Autog.] Seal with arms. pp. 2. 

14. Privy Council to the Lord Deputy. Her Majestys pleasure is 
that he shall not proceed any further against M'Mahon for the 
march offences and such matters as he stands justly charged 
withal ; and that no other person be erected and substituted in his 
place as M'Mahon and Chief of the Sept. She is informed that 
Brian M'Hugh Oge is a bad member, who hath taken the ward of 
Cloynes belonging to Sir Henry Duke and razed the Abbey thereof. 
Minute, pp. 3. 

Copy of the above. [Entry Book, Ireland. Folios XII., p. 295.] 
p. I. 

Queen Elizabeth to the Lord Deputy of Ireland. Mislikes of 
the rebellion of the Burkes. The Blind Abbot created a] M' Wil- 
liam, and joined in rebellion. Deputy to assist Sir Richard Bing- 
ham in reducing the Connaught rebels. [Entry Book, Ireland. 
Folios, Vol. XII., p. 296.] pp. 3. 

Privy Council to the Lord Deputy, with direction of the 
course to be pursued for suppressing the new created M'William 
and Clandonnel. Turlough Lynagh O'Neill and the Earl of Tyrone 
to be sent against O'Rourke. [Entry Book, Ireland. Folios, 
Vol. XII., p. 299.] p. 1. 

Privy Council to Sir R. Byngham. To suspend all conceit of 
unkindness towards the Lord Deputy during the reduction of the 
Connaught rebels. [Entry Book, Ireland. Folios, Vol. XII., p. 302.] 
p. I. 

15. The Burkes' Book of complaints exhibited 12th June. 
Answered and read at the . Council Board, Dublin, 8th November. 
Partiality shown by Sir R. Bingham towards Roger O'Flaherty. 
Breaches of the composition, charges for soldiers, &c., and levying 
of kine by the sheriffs and under officers, quartering of soldiers and 
servants on the people. Encroachments by sheriffs and under- 
sheriffs on the lands and livings of the gentlemen. One Thomas 
Roe Bourke [see 1586, Nov. 16, No. 83, p. 200], a very good gentle- 
man three years ago, obtained a protection from Sir Richard Bingham. 
A little while after, understanding that John Carie, undersheriff to 
Nic. Fitzsymons, the sheriff of Mayo, came to the country and 
was in a town called the Creigh, wherein M : Tybott dwelt, T. Roe 
Bourke went to confer with Carie, and, to shew him his protection ; 
and Carie and he meeting together at M'Tybbott's house, and sit- 



ting at the table after they had talked awhile of their business, 
John Carie said unto him, Thomas is not yonder Walter Oge, who 
said it was. If yonder be he, said Carie, he is apprehended. You 
cannot do so, said Thomas, for you know he is one of my men, 
and by my protection protected as well as myself. I care not, 
said Carie, and thereupon rose from the table and getting up 
said unto Thomas, methink you have a skene, I have one, said 
Thomas, but it shall do you no harm. Give it to me, said Carie. 
I will not said the other. What, rascal ! said Carie, drawing his 
dagger, will not you do as I bid you ? And presently six of Carie's 
men that were there with him drew their swords and mangled 
the gentleman till they left him for dead carried him into 
the cellar of the castle under the vault in the Creigh aforesaid, 
and the next day they sent him to prison to Mr. Brown, to the 
Neale, where within twenty-four hours he died. Richard Oge, 
brother of the said Thomas Roe Bourke, asked Carie to give him 
licence to come to his brother to wash , his wounds, and to have 
some cure ministered unto him, which to do Carie not only re- 
fused, but threatened the said Richard Oge Bourke, who then went 
back to the Castle Nenany [standing in an island on Lough Mask], 
where his brother did dwell, and put a ward therein to protect himself. 
About this time Mr. Browne of the Neale, took a prey of 30 cows 
from Walter M' Edmund Burke, of Castlebarr, and proclaimed Richard 
Burke M'Doule O'Currain and Walter Fadda, and thereupon the said 
Richard and Walter, with their people gathered some corn into an 
island where there was a castle, called Castle Na Cally, [or Hag's 
Castle] and went there themselves for their safety. Mr. Browne pro- 
cured Sir Richard Bingham and his forces to come into the country. 
As soon as Richard Oge Bourke heard this he sent to Sir Richard for 
a protection, and got it, and presently he came to Sir Richard to the 
Creigh aforesaid, and Sir Richard gave him welcome and took him by 
the hand, and after some secret conference, Sir Richard said unto him, 
Richard give me Castle Nenany which thou hast, yea, marry will I, said 
Richard, and all the castles in the country if I had them, whereupon 
Sir Richard presently provided three boats and went by water 
towards the castle, but the ward that Richard left in the castle, 
seeing Sir Richard, and fearing to be hanged or killed, refused to 
yield up the castle so long as Sir Richard and his company were 
there, but they desired him to leave the lough [Mask] and give them 
licence to go away and they would leave it, which to do Sir Richard 
refused, and because that at that instant he could not get or win 
the castle, he returned to the shore and laid hands on the said 
Richard Oge Bourke, and next day had him executed without any 
other cause or further trial, he being protected. Four days after the 
execution of the said Richard Oge Bourke, Moyler Burke and Tibott 
Burke, sons to Walter Fadda, being two of the best and chiefesfc gentle- 
men of all that country, who were prisoners with Sir Richard at Ros- 
common for the space of a year and a half before (and who were 
committed for none other cause but for that they went to Sir 
Richard to see if they might, for avoiding of charges have one of 



their sons put at liberty, for they had both their sons in, as pledges 
for their good behaviour, and that the other should remain and 
rest prisoner for them both,) were by martial law executed in 
form following, viz. : a few days before their execution, being 
prisoners together at Roscommon, they were separated the one from 
the other. Moyler was sent to Athlone and Tibbott staid at Ros- 
common, but the day before they were executed Moyler was sent 
for, and the next morning being brought to Roscommon was hanged 
unknown to Tibbott. So soon as he was dead direction was given 
that Tibbott should be carried forth to drink of the same cup ; 
and going forth the gate of Roscommon, and seeing the other who 
was his brother hanging in the gallows, he asked of some of the 
soldiers that were about him who it was that was hanging, they 
said do not you know who it is ? He answered no ! Yonder same is 
thy brother Moyler, said they, God forbid said he that yonder 
should be my brother Moyler, for he never deserved the like death, 
whatsoever I have done, that was a sheriff. And so these two 
gentlemen were in this wise despatched through the tyrannical 
government of Sir R. Bingham. 

Edmond Burke, of Castlebar, the chiefest of all the Burkes. On 
his return from the Lord Deputy was sent for by the Chief Commis- 
sioner and hanged at Togher, in the county of Mayo, without any 
trial of the country. He was an old man of more than 80 years, 
and impotent by reason of the loss of his leg two years before. 

About three years past, certain of the Burkes being upon their 
guard against John Browne, Sir Richard being at Ballinrobe, sent for 
Ulick Burke, son to the Blind Abbot, Richard Burke, son to Shane 
M'Moyler Burke, and for William Burke, son to Moyler Oge Burke, 
then infants, the eldest of them being but of the age of 14 years 
or thereabouts, having learned the English tongue, and somewhat 
could write and read, and the other two, the one of them being 
of the age of nine years, and the other of seven years or there- 
abouts, all of them scholars, and brought up according to their years 
in good manners and learning ; and being come to the camp from 
the gaol of the Neale, where they continued pledges for their fathers' 
good demeanours, some of them that were present having moved the 
Chief Commissioner whether they ought to be executed without 
further consideration or trial, they being such young children ; the 
justice of the province being then present, told Sir Richard plainly 
that they ought not to be executed for the offence of their parents, 
for they were innocent, and also for that they were not of sufficient 
years to consent to pawn their lives for the good demeanour of their 
parents ; notwithstanding this advice given by the Chief Justice of 
the province, and other motion made to the like effect by divers of the 
company, the said three children, whilst Sir Richard, the said Justice, 
the bishop of Kilmore, and the Earl of Clanricard were at supper, 
most devilish and Turkishly were executed. One of them at his 
going to the place of execution giving out these speeches, saying : 
" I have heard that scholars and such men as could read ought to 
have the benefit of their clergy ; " and saying, " I can read, why doth 



not Sir Richard permit me to have the benefit thereof." Another of 
them wept, and the third asked him that wept what was the cause 
why he did weep because sayeth he, " I perceive my death is at 
hand." Never care for that, said the little one, for we shall shortly 
be in a better place than to be here, because we die guiltless of the 
offences ; and so these little ones were bereaved of their lives. 
A little time after the Burkes betook them to the Queen's pro- 
tection, for which they paid 120 milch kine, and afterward they 
got a general pardon, which cost them 240 marks, and for pleading 
thereof they paid 240 marks sterling more. Notwithstanding which, 
one Ustian M'Donnell, one of the principal men specified in the 
pardon and protection, was apprehended and executed at Downe- 
nomoynowe for complaining of the extortion of some of Sir Richard's 
soldiers. And William Burke, the Blind Abbot, being the first person 
named in the said pardon and protection, was put in prison for 14 
weeks, and until he delivered his son as a pledge, which son was, 
during the late commotion, executed by Sir Richard without trial. 
William Burke M'Tybbot Reagh, of Castle-na-Giegh, was slain 
by Sir Richard's soldiers. But notwithstanding the injuries, op- 
pressions, extortions, and violences done to them, they protest they 
never would have broken their obedience, had not Sir Richard 
sent forth a commission 'under his own hand to prosecute them 
with fire and sword while they were in Her Majesty's protection. 

The following gentlemen were executed without trial of law in 
time of peace : 

Ulick Burke M'Anthony, Oliverus Burke M'Shane M'Davy, 
together with his uncle, Thomas Burke, Edmond Boy Burke of 
Glaneheskye, Edmond Oge M'Edd boy, of Caherikevy (was 
thrust into water and drowned by Captain Green without trial), 
William Burke M'Tybbott Reagh, Tybbott Burke M'Edmond 
M'Ulick. Several others were put to the sword by Captain Gilson. 
Wlien Sir Richard's lady came out of England, 20 beeves were 
taken up in each barony for the lady as marriage goods. 

Answered and read at the Council Board, 8th November 1589. 
Extracted, November 20. pp. 10. [See also the copy calendared at 
p. 281, No. 43. in. 

Nov. 21. The order of the Barons of the Exchequer in the controversy 
between Ric. Ailward, gent., and Ellice Butler, widow of John 
Sherlock, concerning the arrearages of Her Majesty's rents for the 
Abbies of St. Catharines and Mothell. Ailward is discharged, and 
Ellice Butler declared liable for the arrears, p 1. 

[Copy. Attached to a paper dated 1589, April 30, p. 159, No. 
52, where this copy will be found.] 

[Nov. 21.] 16. Petition of Ellese Butler, alias Sherlock, to Burghley. For 
warrant for the perfecting of a lease of so much of the Abbies of 
St. Catharine's and Mothill as are demised to her and her father- 
in-law, Patrick Sherlock, p. 1. 

[Nov. 21.] 17. Petition of Elice Butler, alias Sherlock, late wife of John 
Sherlock, deceased, to Burghley. That she may have a warrant 





from Her Majesty for the perfecting of a lease in Ireland, for fifty 
or sixty years of so much of the Abbeys of St. Catharine's and 
Mothill as are demised to her and her father-in-law, p. 1. 

[Nov. 21.] 18. 

Petition of Ellice 

Nov. 22. 


Butler, alias Sherlock, widow, to Lord 

Burghley. For letters to the Lord Deputy to cause Richard 
Ailward to pay the arrearages of the rents of St. Katharine's and 
Mothill. And for a lease to her and her two sons of St. Katharine's 
and Mothill. p. 1. 

19. William Burke, alias the Blind Abbot, to the Lord Deputy. 
I understand you are highly offended with me for taking the name 
of M' William upon me. I have done the same by the counsel of 
some of the bad people of this country, whereby I might make 
restitution of certain stealths supposed to have come into the 
country if that the same might justly be proved, without which or 
other authority I could not do it. I did not take the said name upon 
me for any evil intent, but for the purposes aforesaid. And if the 
same be by me done rashly and contrary to my duty, I humbly 
submit myself to your honour, and would have come myself to you 
to make my submission if that I had the means to bear my charges. 
And I do provide for the same and will come to your honor as 
soon as I can. And for the taking of Ballyloughmask, I will be 
ready to yield it up again. Hoping your honor will have some 
pity of my being the eldest of my name and best in the country, 
and will be as beneficial to me as to other Irish lords I take my 
leave. Copy. p. 1. 

Nov. 24. 20. Book of the Matters presented by the juries against Sir R. 
Bingham. Presented at Galway, Kiliueane, Roscommon, &c. Ex- 
tract made 24th Nov. 1589. [See above, p. 247, No. 18 I. Another 
copy, p. 281. No. 43. I.] pp. 14. 

Nov. 28. 


21. Sir George Carew to Lord Burghley, touching the remains of 
munition in Ireland. Prays Burghley to write to the Lord Deputy 
that he may be allowed a clerk of the store at Limerick, or if not, 
that the munition there may be transported elsewhere. The want 
of elm planks in Ireland for carriages for the great ordnance. 
Autog. p. 1. Incloses, 

21. i. Remain of munition in the charge of Thomas Vaughan, 
clerk of the Store, at Carrickfergus. Certified by Sir George Carew. 
1588-9, Mar. 8. Copy. p. 1. 

21. II. Inventory of the munitions remaining in store at Lime- 
rick, taken by Jordan Roache, Mayor of Limei-ick. Certified by 
Sir Geo. Carew. Copy. 1589, April 4. pp. 2. 

21. in. Abstract of ordnance, powder, shot and other habiliments 
of war remaining in Ireland. 1589, Nov. 28. pp. 3. 

21. iv. Book of the munitions issued out of the Office of Ordnance 
from 1st Sept. 1587 to 30th Sept 1588. Certified by Sir Geoi-ge 
Carewe. December, pp. 18. 



[Nov. 28.] 22, Abstract of ordnance in Ireland, same as above, 21. in. pp. 2. 

Nov. 28. 23. Mr. Attorney-General Calthorpe to Walsyngham. Corn- 
Dublin, mendeth Mr. Coleman, Her Majesty's Remembrancer of Her Ex- 
chequer, against Robert Legge his deputy. Hologr. p. 1. 

Nov., before 24. The Lord Deputy to Burghley. The suits of the Earl of Tho- 
29th, mond, Mr. Elmer, Mr. Burnell, the Earl of Kildare, Mr. Sheffield, the 
when Bingham'sLady Newenham, young Wingfield and Mr. Finglass shall be proceeded 
cause was fully w j^ The witnesses for Sir Richard Bingham are under examina- 
tion. They all were his ministers and actors in all the matters 
complained of. There are no proofs from the complainants. The 
poverty of most of those people is such, the distance to Dublin so 
great, together with the great fear they have conceived of Sir 
Richard Bingham, and those officers under him, that they dare not 
nor will adventure to come through that province hither, and when 
it was told them that they and their proofs must come to Dublin, 
they answered that it was Sir Richard's device to bring them hither 
that their throats might be cut, and that he knew full well that 
numbers of them were so miserable, and the way so long as they 
could not for want of charges come. The Earl of Tyrone's suit for the 
liberation of Hugh Roe O'Donnell may be granted with benefit to 
Her Majesty's service. "And upon my duty no reward maketh 
me write thus much." Autog. pp. 2. 

Nov. 29. 25. Lord Deputy to the Privy Council. Has issused a proclamation 
Dublin Castle, restraining on pain of death the transportation of corn and victual 
out of Ireland. The King of Spain not likely to revenge the loss 
of the Armada after March, but before. Autog. p. 1. 

Copy of the above. [Entry Book, Ireland, Fol. Vol. XII. p. 301.] 
1*1. ' 

Nov. 29. 26. Lord Deputy Fytzwylliam to Burghley. Thanks for his holo- 
Dublin Castle, graph of 10th Nov. by Quarles. Excuses the non-appearance of the 
accusers of Sir Richard Bingham. O'Connor Roe and the O'Flanni- 
gans have committed spoils. Sir Richard Bingham is to repair to 
Roscommon with 200 footmen to withstand further mischief. 
O'Rourk hath a protection, and says he will keep his Christmas in 
Dublin. Autog. pp. 2. Incloses, 

26 I. Privy Council to the Lord Deputy for restraint of grain. 
Copy. Note that Fytzwylliam thinks if the King of Spain shall 
employ the traitor Stanley against Ireland it will be to raze all the 
towns, and kill and carry away captive the better sort of people. 
Stanley knoweth the changeable nature of the wild Irish. Nov. 12, 
Richmond. Mem. Sir John Perrot's name is among the signatures 
of the Privy Councillors, pp. 2. 

26 II. William Boorke, alias the Blind Abbot, to the Lord Dupty. 
Calendared at its date. p. 267 No., 19 Nov. 22, Donemona. Copy, 

Nov. 29. 27. Sir R. Bingham to Walsyngham. The Lord Deputy and 

Dublin. Council have proceeded thoroughly with the hearing and examining of 

all his causes. He has spent nearly six weeks in Dublin with 40 




Nov. 29. 
The Strand. 











gentlemen at his charge. Divers honest householders murdered 
near Galway by the rebels. They spare none that be English or 
English like. The Burks are daily in arms and increase their 
numbers. Five towns in Roscommon preyed, and 1,200 great cattle 
carried away. He is promised a general acquittal. Wishes he 
might have' reparation. [ Autog.'] pp. 4. 

28. Donnell O'Sulyvanto Burghley. His long suit and inability to 
bear further charge. Prays Burghley to peruse his inclosed petition 
[Autog. ~\ p. 1. 

29. Privy Council to the Lord Deputy. To accept the surrender of 
Sir Edward Denny's footband, and to enroll Capt. Doudall in his 
place in as ample manner as Sir Edward held the same. Minute, 
stained by damp.} p. 1. 

30. Petition of George Thornton, Provost Marshal in Minister, to Sir 
John Perrot, to further his suit to Her Majesty for the continuance 
of his horsemen's pay at I2d. at. per diem. p. 1. 

31. Note of the matters of injustice and corruption to be proved 
against the Justice Dillon. His cruelty to his mother. The rewards 
specified which he received from Rory O'Farrell, Ferris O'Farrell, Sir 
Charles O'Carroll, Donogh O'Connor (Sligo), the Earl of Tyrone, 
and Sir John O'Reilly for perversion of justice, pp. 3. 

32. Opinion of George Beverley how the 4,0007. now assigned for 
the victualling causes is to be employed. Autog. p. 1. 

33. Docquet of the opinions of the Earl of Ormond, the Lord 
Graie, and Sir John Perrot touching certain articles for the defence 
of Ireland committed to their consideration. Noblemen and gentle- 
men can raise about 2,000 footmen upon a general hosting. There 
are 1,000 good shots who, if not entertained by Her Majesty, are 
likely to adhere to the enemy, p. 1. 

34. Memorial for Ireland apostilled. Upon certain advertisements 
that the King of Spain mindeth to bend his forces against Ireland 
30,000?. shall be sent about the end of March, pp. 5. 

35. Account of Mr. George Delves for 6871. 10s. delivered to him 
for the transport of certain soldiers into Ireland in November 1588. 

36. Answer of Sir Richard Greynvile to the articles set down by 
Her Majesty's Commissioners the 20th of September, concerning the 
moiety of Kinalmeke. He bought the portion of Hugh Worth 
(who could not endure the sickness of the country), for his, Greyn- 
vile's, brethren - in - law, Richard Bellew, Esq., and Alexander 
Arundel, Esq. pp. 2. 

37. Statement of the causes why the trial for Sir Richard Bing- 
ham before the Lord Deputy and Council is not indifferent. The 
Lord Deputy and most of the Council are his enemies, pp. 2. 

38. Petition of Sir R. Bingham to the Lord Chancellor and the 
rest of the Council at Dublin. His appeal into England to Her 
Majesty, the fountain of justice, against the partial proceeding 



against him. Prays his Lordship to be a mean to the Lord Deputy 
that his poor friends may rest in safety. Copy. pp. 2. 

Nov. 39. Answer of Sir Richard Bingham to the matters wherewith he 

is charged in the unjust report or journal book of the Bishops of 
Meath and Kilmore, Sir Robt. Dillon and Sir Nicholas -White, 
bearing date 4th May 1589. The letter in which he called Sir 
Morough Ne Doe, varlet and beggar, passed the Lord Deputy and 
Council. Sir Richard always found the Provost Marshal a seditious 
man and hostile to himself. 

The Commissioners' men took meat, drink, and money from the 
people, and the blame was put on the soldiers. Sir Morogh had no 
serious desire of peace when he came to Galway, but to this day 
doth keep the Spaniards. 

Sir Richard treated the Bishops of Meath and Kilmore well, but 
" the filling of their bellies with meat could not discharge their 
" stomachs of malice." Where do the bishops learn this ? 

When Mr. Comerford's house was burned down he got Sir 
Richard's letters to the good gentlemen of the several counties for 
their benevolence, who gave five or six cows in every barony. This 
is a usual thing in Connaughfr. But if the Bishop had wanted it for 
a journey into England he would have taken more than this in his 
diocese from the " dumb dogs," the idle ministers of Ireland, who 
can neither preach nor teach, nor say ordinary service. The ^Bishop 
of Meath blames Sir George Bingham for intemperate language, 
but he himself on an occasion at cards burst out with a most 
irreverent oath of "God's wounds, play the X of hearts." The 
Bishop's opinion about keeping faith with the rebels is like a 
weathercock. Sir Richard never broke his word with any man in 
Connaught. Sir Richard justifies the commission he gave to John 
Brown for the prosecution of (open rebels and traitors) the Burkes, on 
the ground that they had previously broken their protections by their 
bad conduct. The only defect in the commission was that it wanted 
the hand of some one of Sir Richard's assistants, who at that time 
were not with him. To avoid inconveniences, and lest the best 
opportunity of the time should be lost, the commission was given 
in secret, and this by instructions Sir Richard might do, " for the 
" like hath been used in this place." I do justify the granting of this 
commission, and it is like enough Wm. Cusack did copy it out. 
Even if the Burkes had observed their protections the two procla- 
mations for their retaining of Spaniards made them open rebels and 
traitors, for after those proclamations they never had protection given 
them, and all men know here in Connaught what undutiful parts 
they have daily committed within the time of their pretended obedi- 
ence. These rebels provoked Sir Richard, otherwise why should he 
raise wars, he never gained by wars in Ireland, his reputation as a 
soldier was already established elsewhere. 

Win. Bowen, Ed. White, Thos. Comerford, and Christo. Garveye (son 
to the Bishop of Kilmore), testify under their hands that at the inter- 
view which the Bishop of Kilmore and others had with Richard Burke, 
alias the Devil's Hook's son, Wm. Burke, the Blind Abbot, and others, 
the Burks said openly that they insisted on a M'William, that no 




rente, save Her Majesty's, should be taken up before M'Williams' 
rents were taken up by his own Serjeants. They also said every 
Englishman was but a devil, and that no Englishman should dwell 
in McWilliam's land. 

Sir Richard never had to the value of a penny from the Devil's 
Hook's son, or any of his people, neither did he ever think to seek 
any such thing. 

The rebels in Mayo when they were at the highest could not 
make 700 men, boys, churls, and all sorts who carried weapons, 
which was a beggarly company to be honorably entreated witb. 

No officer in Connaught hath so much broken the composition and 
exacted from the subjects inordinately as Mr. Fowle hath, what 
by cessing of his horses and horse boys, and placing his deputy 
marshals in every county, who hath gone up and down with 20 or 30 
horses, eating and spoiling and exacting of money. If an angel were 
sent from heaven without the especial providence and grace of 
Almighty God he could never draw these people from their 
natural inclination to wickedness and accustomed devilish life. 

It hath been supposed here that these Burkes should come from 
the Burkes in England, but these rebels of Mayo are so bastardised 
and degenerated as they are become now as ill, nay worse, than any 
of the mere Irishry, and how far is all this speech of the Burkes 
different from the railing of the collier against the Lord Mayor of 
London, and all for doing him justice. 

There was no attack on the lodgings of the Bishop of Meath 
(Roebuck French's house), while the rebels were there. What 
happened was this, Whitwell (Bingham's man) went thither to look 
for Sir Nicholas White and Sir T. Le Strange. There passed some 
crooked words between Whitwell and his two companions and 
those inside the house, yet they asked nothing more than whether 
Sir Thomas Le Strange were there. There was no striving to open 
the doors or break the windows. Sir Richard and the people of the 
town marvelled that the Bishop of Meath in 20 days did not bestow 
a single sermon on them. He was busy making a book with his 
malicious complaints against Sir Richard. And yet the Bishop could 
at Galway go to church in the forenoon to hear an exercise, and 
in the same afternoon he could borrow leisure to hear a play in the 
church also. 

The Bishop made much of Sir Morough in Galway, both in placing 
him above him.self in the church, and in making suit to the Lord 
Deputy to have had him carry the sword. 

Walter Fadda Burke's two sons had not a foot of land of their 
own. They were hanged four years ago, and Sir Richard answered 
for it to Sir John Perrot. They practised to bring in Scots. 

And as for Ustian M'Donnell, if he were to be hanged again Sir 
Richard would as soon hang him as any man in the county of 
Mayo, excepting the Devil's Hook's son, who was the beginner of this 
rebellion. " Ustian had never a foot of land in the world of his own, 
" nor yet anything else, and had always been the worst man in 
'' all these parts of his time." A great captain of their gallow- 
glasses and a Chancellor to all their treasons and conspiracies, 




and the cause why I hanged him then was for that at the self-same 
instant he had combined with the Devil's Hook's son and others of the 
Burkes to receive Don Alonso de Leva and the Spaniards who lay 
then on shore in the Irris, and did even then raise a great mutiny in 
the country people, forbidding to give Her Majesty's forces any meat 
we being in action and journey against the Spaniards, and besides 
he had placed a couple of men in the country there to be guides to 
the said Spaniards into the inner countries. 

Walter Ne Mullie will end on the gallows yet. For he hath dealt 
so ungratefully with Mr. Brown, who had saved him from the 
gallows, as to cut his throat. God will never suffer Walter to escape 
unpunished. Sir Morough Ne Doe is an old beggar, and the Blind 
Abbot is the veriest fool amongst them all. This answer contains 
126 paragraphs. Autog. pp. 31. 

Nov. 40. Substance of part of the above, pp. 2. 

Nov. 41. Annexed to the above (as mentioned at page 8 thereof) 

follow. The grounds and principal causes which moved Sir Richard 
Bingham to grant the commission to John Brown, of the Neale, to 
prosecute the Burkes of Mayo, then in action of rebellion. Copy. 
pp. 9. 

Nov. 42. Another copy of the above grounsd. pp. 11. 

Nov. 43. Abstract of the books of objections against Sir Richard 

Bingham, containing 126 articles, with the answers thereto. This 
abstract appears to have been sent to Walsyngham. pp. 14. 

Nov. 44. Brief of Sir Morogh Ne Doe O'Flaherty's articles of complaint, 

with Sir Richard Bingham's answers and autograph thereunto, pp. 2. 

Nov. 45. Petition of Sir Morogh Ne Doe O'Flaherty of Aghenenowre 

in Connaught to Burghley, for letters to the Lord Deputy to 
maintain him ^possession of all the lands he has by patent, and to 
restore him to such as Roger O'Flaherty holds, p. 1. Annexes, 

45. i. Particulars of the griefs wherein Sir Morogh O'Flaherty 
findeth himself injured, pp. 3. 1 589, Nov. 

Nov. 46. Answer of William Fildew to the articles of Sir Morrogh Ne 

Doe O'Flaherty, the objections which concern Sir Richard Bingham 
shall be more fully answered by himself, pp. 3. 

[Nov.] 47. Petition of William Fildew, servant of Sir Richard Bingham, 

to [your Honor] for some order to be taken in the matter in 
question before the Privy Council [in England] concerning Mr. 
Robert Fowle, Provost Marshal of Connaught, who hath been absent 
from his charge 3 years, &c. p. 1. 

Nov. 48. Circumstances to prove that there was no inhibition given to 

the Justice nor the juries concerning the presentments against Sir R. 
Bingham. p. 1. 

Nov. 49. Statement how the Lord Deputy and Commissioners have 

impoverished the Province of Connaught, hindered Her Majesty's 
service in recovering the artillery wrecked on the Coast, and broken 
the composition, pp. 2. 

Nov. 50. The causes alleged by Sir Brian O'Rourk for his revolt. 

His complaints against the government of Sir Richard Bingham. 
His proud terms. With marginal 'postils of Sir Richard Bingham's 
answers, pp. 3. 



Nov. 51. Sir Richard Bingham's statement of the particular causes 

moving the Burkes, O'Rourke, and Sir Morough Ne Doe O'Flaherty to 
rebel. The possession of Spanish treasure, and hopes of a new 
invasion. Not the same as that at p. 237, No. 43. i. p. 1. 

[Nov.] 52. Geoige Castell to [your honor.] Relates the secret conference 
of four hours between Sir John Perrot and Sir Richard Bingham 
at Roscommon, after the overthrow of the Scots. Thomas Sponder. 
Books and rhymes made against Her Majesty in the commendation 
of Sir John Perrot. There was a picture of the Queen in Bingham's 
house when Sir John Perrot was in Roscommon ; this picture was 
not afterwards seen there, and it is supposed to be the same that 
was abused by O'Rourke. Hypolyta, an Italian, and four Spaniards 
suffered to get the knowledge of the country and the language very 
perfectly. " My cousin " Henry Malbie, son to Sir Nicholas Malbie, 
could charge Sir R. Bingham. pp. 1|. 

Nov. 53. Extortions done by warrant of Sir Richard Bingham which 

have caused the petitioner [Mr. George CastelTs ?] wife to quit her 
land. The petitioner was constable of Athlone in Sir Nicholas 
Malbye's days. Cess for building the College of Dublin 20d, or IQd. 
out of every quarter of land. 

Cess for certain books in the church, 2d. p. 1. 


[Dec. 3 ] 1. Petition of Sir Richard Bingham to the Privy Council. To 
read his answers to the three articles which he answered not before 
the Lord Deputy. Reparation of his good name in Ireland. The 
pay of the extraordinary bands. [This is after Dec. 3.] p. 1. 

Dec. 3. 2. Brief declaration of the three articles contained in Sir Morough 
O'Flaherty's book and the Burkes' book, whereof Sir Richard 
Bingham is not yet acquitted, but referred by the Lord Deputy and 
Council to be further judged and considered of by the Privy Council 
in England with the answers of Sir Richard subscribed by his 
hand. 1589, Dec. 3 pp. 7. 

Dec. 3. 3, Copy of the above, pp. 7. 

Dec. 3. 4. The three points wherein Sir R. Bingham is not yet acquitted, 
with Sir Richard Bingham's answers. 1st. Sir Morough's claim to 
Gnobeg ; 2nd. The execution of Wm. Burke, M'Tybbott Reagh ; 
3rd. The commission given to John Browne, pp. 3. 

Dec. 3. o. The three points, &c. Copy of above, pp. 3. 

P41. 21 S 


1589 VOL. CXLIX. 

Doc. 4. G. Eesolution of the Council upon the articles of Sir Morrogh 
Ne Doe O'Flaherty which he exhibited against Sir Richard 
Bingham and also of Edmund Bourke of Congo's book. No 
witnesses were produced by the complainants and Sir Richard 
was acquitted. Certified under the hands of the Chancellor and 
other councillors. (See inclosures 2 and 4 in Dec. 1.9, p. 281, No. 43, 
ii, iv.) Copy. pp. 2. 

Dec. 4. 7. Copy of above, pp. 2. 

Dec. 4. 8. Resolutions upon the answers of Sir Richard Bingham to the 
articles contained in the Burks' book. Under the hands of the 
Council. Embodied in the enclosure in Dec. 19, p. 281, No. 43, iii. 
pp. 2. 

Dec. 4. 9. Copy of above, pp. 2. 

Dec. 4. 10. Resolutions of the Council of Ireland acquitting Sir Richard 
Bingham of the matters presented against him at Galway, Mayo, 
Sligo, and Roscommon. Certified under the hand of the Chancellor 
and Council of Ireland. Embodied in enclosure, p. 281., No. 43, i. 
pp. 2. 

Dec. 4. 11. Copy of above, pp. 3. 

[Dec. 4.] 12. Answer of Sir Richard Bingham to the matters presented 
against him at the last sessions holden at Galway, Mayo, Sligo, and 
Roscommon, before Her Majesty's Justices of Assize and Gaol 
Delivery, and which he is now commanded to answer by the Lord 
Deputy here at Dublin. A somewhat similar answer is embodied 
in the document calendared at p. 281, No. 43., i. pp. 10. 

Dec. 4. 13. Lord Deputy Fitzwylliam to Burghley. The sooner the 
Dublin Castle, soldiers and munition come the better. But little rebellion in Con- 
naught except some spoils by O'Conor Roe's sons about Roscommon. 
Sir Richard Bingham's books will be ended by the 8th. The 
expedition to Connaught must stay till money arrive, p. 1. 

13. i. Patrick Dobbm, Mayor, to the Lord Deputy. 30 great 
ships at Gorunna and Ferrall. 900 Italian soldiers mustered at 
Lisbon. The English prisoners at Lisbon are well used ; the King 
allows them a rial and a half per day. 1589, Nov. 30, Waterford. 
p. 1. Extract. 

Dec. 4. 14. Lord Deputy FitzWilliam to Walsingham. Is of opinion 
Dublin Castle, that Stanley will begin his attempt on Ireland before Easter ; that 
he will sack and plunder the towns and take away the spoil and the 
better sort of people. Stanley is well acquainted with all Ireland and 
the nature of these wild Irish, mutinous, rebellious, and idolatrous. 
There are only 750" foot soldiers in Ireland, and the horsemen are 




Dec. 4. 


Dec. 4. 

Vox,. CXLIX. 

divided into small bodies of 20, 30, or 50. When the time comes 
the Lord Deputy will not tarry behind, " though it be reported I 
" am blind, lame, burst, and full of dropsy, yet I thank God it is 
" not seen either in legs, belly, hands, or face. I can at this day 
" abide travel and toil as well as I could thirty years past." 

The soldiers have not wherewith to cover them. Nothing can be 
done till money arrive from England. He fears the Connaught 
war may not end so soon or cost so little as it is looked for by 
some. pp. 2. Incloses, 

14. i. Pat. Dobbin to the Lord Deputy. Advertisements of the 
preparation of shipping in Spawn and Portugal. Calendared above. 
No. 13, i. 1589, Nov. 30, Waterford. Extract p. 1. 

15. Capt. Brian Fytzwylliams to Walsyngham for license to sell 
his patent of 10 shillings per diem. He desires to have his 10 horse- 
men in pay during life. [Holog.~\ p. 1. 

16. Sir Edw. Waterhous to Walsyngham. His collections upon 
the controversy between Brian and Neil M'Goigan [M'Geoghe- 
gan]. Old M'Goigan did not make a voluntary surrender. Water- 
hous will attend only to his own great causes at his house in Kent. 
[Seal with device.'} p. 1. 

[Dec. 4.] 17. Petition of Neill M'Geoghegane to Burghley. To have a 
sequestration revoked which was granted upon untrue suggestions 
of Brian M'Geoghegane, with the cases of both parties briefly 
declared, p. 1. 

[Dec. 4.] 18. Suit of Neill M'Goghegan to the Privy Council. That he may 
not be dispossessed of the captainry of Keneliagh, which he will give 
up if Brian M'Geoghegan shall make legal proof of his right, p. 1. 

[Dec. 4.] 19. Petition of Brian M'Geoghegan to Queen Elizabeth. His 
pension of 5s. per day is not paid regularly ; prays it may be paid 
out of the Exchequer in England, that he may be able to support 
himself and his family, or that he may have a fee farm in Ireland. 
He has been compelled, through want of exhibitions or means, to 
draw home two children he had brought up here in England in good 
civility and literature, p. 1. 

Dec. 4. 20. Dionise Cambell, Dean of Limerick, to Walsyngham. To pro- 
Dublin. CU re that his association with William Casey the Bishop of Limerick, 
may be ratified by Her Majesty's letters, and to write letters to the 
Vice-President of Munster to be favourable to him. [Holog.~\ p. 1. 

Dec. 5. 21. Lord Deputy and Council to the sheriffs of the counties in 
Dublin Castle. Connaught severally for Sir Ric. Bingham's reparation. His acquittal 
to be published and his good name restored. The three reserved 
points. One of the exemplars under all their hands, pp. 2. 

Dec. 5. 22. Copy of the above, p. 1^. See also p. 281, 43, v. 

Dec. 5. 23. Petition of Sir Henry Wallop to the Lord Chancellor Hatton, 
Lord Burghley, and others, Commissioners for taking the review 

s 2 




Dec. 5. 


Dec. 6. 


Dec. 6. 


Dec. 6. 


Dec. 7. 



of his accounts, that the years 1588 and 1589, Michaelmas, may be 
taken by Mr. Conyeis, the auditor, without the previous examination 
in Ireland, pp. 1^. 

24. Sir N. White, Master of the Rolls, to Burghley. He has no 
need to write any more than that which may be the Lord Deputy 
will omit. The Earl of Tirone has altered his purpose of going into 
England. The Bishop of Meath and Justice Dillon discharged from 
going into Connaught, and Sir Thomas Le Strange and Sir Harry 
Harrington appointed in their places. The Lord Deputy is to go into 
Connaught with some forces. It would be better to leave the con- 
federates to Sir Richard Bingham. They would yield to him for 
fear, and Sir Richard himself is altogether inclined to follow the 
mildest course. His advice to the Lord Deputy to carry himself 
according to the dignity of his office, and not stoop to make himself 
a party in the Connaught broils ; but he is led by a bad counsellor, 
Justice Dillon, pp. 1^. 

Lord Deputy and Council to the Privy Council in commendation 
of the requests of the captains of the horse bands serving in Ireland 
to have sterling pay. [Entry Book. Ireland, p. 300.] p. 1. 

25. Thomas Jones, Bishop of Meath, and Sir Robert Dillon, Chief 
Justice of the Common Pleas, to Burghley. The displeasure 
of Her Majesty has bred in them a most inward grief. They 
would rather die than lose her favour. Their proceedings in the 
settling of Connaught were honestly intended ; they were not 
dictated by hatred to Sir Richard Bingham. The Blind Abbot is 
almost a natural fool. They do not now meddle with the affairs of 
Connaught. pp. 2. 

26. Sir R. Bingham to Burghley. The manifest injury he has 
sustained by his undeserved troubles. The Burks in Mayo maintain 
their new made M'William. The O'Connors and rebels of Ros- 
common have carried away 1,200 great cattle. Sir Morogh Ne Doe's 
rents paid by merchants of Galway out of their own purses, and 
against their wills. [Autog.] pp. 3. 

Sir R. Byngham to the Privy Council. His cause heard before 
the receipt of their letters of 19 Nov. The commission granted to 
John Browne for prosecuting the Devil's Hook and the Burks of 
Irris. He shows the rebellious state of Connaught, and that the 
dealings of the Commissioners have only increased the rebels' pride. 
His reputation to be cleared from the slanderous accusations which 
he has proved to be unfounded. [Entry Book, Ireland, p. 314.] 

[Dec. 7.] 27. Note of doubtful men in Leinster and Ulster, in the hand of 
Sir Geff. Fenton. [Not identical with No. 32, p. 278.] p. 1. 

Dec. 8. 28. Thomas Jones, Bishop of Meath, to Walsyngham. Has received 

Dublin. a private message by Quarles to the effect that Walsyngham has 

heard that the Bishop had in speeches abused Walsingham, and 

" wishing me to let you alone, being no meet companion for me, and 


lr>89 VOL. CXLIX. 

advising me to follow mine own vocation in preaching oftencr 
than once a quarter." The Bishop is bounden to no man in England 
so much as to Walsyngham. He denies upon his credit, upon his 
honesty, and upon his soul that he has offended Walsyngham as 
stated. He renounces his faith and Christianity if ever he conceived 
in his heart an irreverent thought of Walsyngham. He promises to 
follow Walsyngham's advice and give up temporal business and 
preach oftener. He preaches only once every term in Dublin, but 
he does not neglect his diocese. 

He understands that the postscript to his last letter to Walsyngham 
respecting the Primate and the Master of the Rolls has been sent 
back to Dublin. He can prove the truth of that postscript. He 
beseeches Walsyngham, for God's cause, to consider him according 
to his deserts. A copy of Walsyngham's last letter to him has been 
published in Dublin to his great disgrace. He bemoans the damage 
done to religion by these proceedings. His life has not been 
hypocritical, lewd, and corrupt, and he beseeches Walsyngham to 
take him back into favour. [Holog.] pp. 3. 

Dec. 8. 29. The Chancellor Archbishop to Walsyngham. Prayeth him to 
Dublin. remit the unkindness he has conceived against the Bishop of Meath, 
who was brought up in the Archbishop's house, and has lived with 
Loftus 17 years,and married the Archbishop's wife's sister. Sir Richard 
Bingham hath promised to remit all discourtesy conceived against 
the Bishop. The Papists take great advantage at the Bishop's 
disgrace. [Autog.] Seal with amis. p. 1. 

Dec. 8. 30 Luke Plunkett to [probably the Lord Deputy Fytzwylliam]. 

Dublin. It may please your Honour, in discharge of my duty, I thought 
good to advertise your Lordship, that a month before my coming 
from Lisbon, which is now three months past, there arrived there 
from Naples two galliasses laden with powder, and by report with 
200 cannon and culverins, of which munition I myself saw a great 
deal, viz., 90 cannon and 30 culverins. When I departed thence, 
bound for Brittany, I was driven by force of weather to Corunna, 
in which place I saw the pinnace which carried the Italians out of 
Ireland, and also the Italians themselves at liberty, saving Aurelio, 
the which pinnace was taken by a Spanish carvel which came from 
Flanders, about Scotland, and so through St. George's Channel, and 
three leagues from Holyhead met with the said Italians and took 
them to Corunna, in Spain. The said carvel was a making ready at 
my coming from Corunna, which is now six weeks past, to come 
purposely to take the Queen's ship which commonly lieth here at 
Dublin, being furnished with 50 soldiers and 50 double muskets, and 
four pieces of brass and 20 oars, having changed her mizen sails for 
the better bringing to pass their enterprise, and have furnished the 
ship after the English manner, with an English flag. The pilot of 
which carvel is a Scot, and at my coming away she was a rigging 
and making ready, and, as was told me, she was bound with letters 
to the King of Scotland, and in her passage thither should touch at 
the haven of Dublin, either to take the Queen's ship, or else to burn 
her, and I do think she is now at sea by this. And upon my 

2 1 * 


1589 VOL. CXLIX. 

arrival at Waterford, meeting there with the Queen's ship, I told 
Captain Thornton thereof, that he might prevent the worse. And, 
further, I heard say that Captain Carliell's pinnace, now remaining 
at Corunna, should be rigged up and sent for the coast of England 
or Ireland, to take some fishermen. I did see also at Corunna Signor 
Aurelio in prison, with three sailors of Ireland taken with him, who, 
as I think, are put to execution by this time. There is also at 
Ferrol, a harbour near the Groin [Corunna], 50 great ships, with 
10,000 soldiers, but I heard say they were but 8,000, the which, as 
they themselves report, are appointed but to keep the coast there- 
about, but it is doubted that they will be sent to Ireland. Item. 
At my being in Lisbon I met there Edmund Eustace, who calleth 
himself the Viscount Baltinglass, who demanding of me, " Are you 
of Dublin ?" to whom I answered " Yea/' he said, " You are welcome," 
and so departed without any more speeches. I did also see there 
Cahil O'Conor, who killed Captain Humfrey Mackworth, whom 
afterwards I did see at the Groin [Corunna] at my coming thither, 
but no speeches I had with him, other than that he bade me 
welcome. Copy. pp. 1^. 

Dec. 13. 31. Lord Deputy to Burghley. His great discomfort on receipt 
Dublin Castle, of Her Majesty's letters of reproof for his proceedings in Connaught. 
He was anxious for peace in Connaught, partly on account of the 
bruit from Spain and elsewhere of the danger of Her Majesty's 
ships that went to Portugal. The Blind Abbot's folly is merely 
fineable by statute ; it was not approved of. The spoils by the 
Clanmorrises are not of importance. His proceedings touching Sir 
Richard Bingham have been misrepresented. The reproof of the. 
Bishop of Meath and Sir Robert Dillon was undeserved ; they are 
diligent and careful servants, who deserve thanks. Advertisements 
from Spain. Sends a copy of Walsyngham's letter to Deputy, and 
Deputy's answer. [Awtog.] pp. 3. 

32. The doubtful men in Ireland. 

Leinster. William Nugent, Edward Nugent, John Eustace of the 
Newland, all pardoned for the last conspiracy of Viscount Bal- 

The Baron of Delvyn, notoriously detected of the same conspiracy. 

The Lord of Kyllyen's eldest son, Plunket of Beaulieu, Rochfort, 
Patrick Bremigeam, the Baron of Trimleston, Sir Patrick Barnewall, 
all vehemently suspected of the same conspiracy. 

Wogan of RathcofFye, his father was executed for the said con- 
spiracy. - 

Richard Newtervyle and Scurlock, their brethren were executed 
for the said conspiracy. 

All the foregoing are in the heart of the English Pale. 

Walter Reogh, Morys M'Walter, two dangerous men of the 
Geraldines. The Earl of Kildare to answer for them. 

Phelim O'Toole, Tirlogh M'Feogh, son to Feogh M'Hugh O'Byrne, 
Hugh Duff M'Donnell, dangerous persons of the O'Byrnes and 

Donnell Spaniogh, with the rest of the Cavanoughs, under the 
rule of Sir Henry Wallop. 


1589. VoL ' CXLDL 

Piers Butler and James Butler, sons to Sir Edmond Butler, and 
Piers Butler, brother to the Viscount Mount Garrett. 

The Earl of Ormond to answer for these. 

Conley Duff Magohagan and Teig M'GillPatrick O'Connor par- 
doned for the last rebellion and conspiracy of Baltinglass. 

Ulster. Sir Art Oneyle, son to Tirlogh Lenogh, Con M'Shane, and 
Hugh Gavelagh, sons of the late Shane O'Neill. 

Cormocke M' Bryan and Tirlogh M'Henry, brothers to the Earl of 

The captain of Ferney, M'Hugh Bryan Oge. 

Brian Magohagan, Donnell O'Sullivan, Donogh O'Connor to be 
retained here still. Sir Owen O'Sullivan to be sent for by a day, or 
else to proceed to order against him. 

In the hand of Sir Geff. Fenton, pp. 3. 

Dec. 14. 33. Lord Deputy to Walsyngham. The treasurer Wallop, the 
Dublin Castle. Chief Justice R. Gardener, secretary Fenton, Sir E. Waterhouse, and 
Mr. Brabazon are in England, whereas they ought to be in Ireland 
at so dangerous a time as this. Considering what fell out in the last 
rebellion [of Baltinglass], and the tendency of the wild Irish to 
rebel, and how far the English race have given themselves to the 
Pope's religion, they are for the most part recusants, it is difficult 
to set down with certainty the names of those who should be 

Has sent the names of the most apparent ringleaders in back- 
wardness of religion who are of credit with the people. If Stanley 
come, he will take Waterford. 1,000 men should be sent out 
of England to lie at Waterford. And the rest of the 6,000 men 
that are to come in spring, should be sent soon. Will start for 
Connaught on Tuesday, Dec. 16th. 

None of the Low Burkes, Clandonnells, or O'Flaherties are in 
rebellion, and the Blind Abbot is sorry for having taken the 
name of M'William. Sir Morogh Ne Doe O'Flaherty has long since 
paid his composition. There is a great scarcity of money to provide 
victuals for the soldiers, pp. 2. Inclosing, 

33. i. The forces of the doubtful persona in the provinces: 
Connaught. The Burkes, O'Flaherties, O'Mallies, and Joyces, 
1,000 horse and foot; O'Rourke, 500 horse and foot. Ulster 
Young Maguire, 500, Brian M'Hugh Oge, 400, The Captain of 
the Fews, 50, M'Sweeny Bana, M'Sweeny Fano and M'Sweeny 
Adoe, 500, Sorley Boy M'Donnell, 200, the Blvnd Scot's sons, 80, 
the Captavns of KiUwultagh, Kilwarlvn, and Macartan, 200. 
Leinster Feagh M'Hugh O'Byrne, 80, the Kavanaghs, 60. Sum 
total, 3,570 horse and foot. p. 1. 

33. n. Declaration of Luke Plunkett, lately come from Spain. 
Calendared at p. 277, No. 30, Dec. 8. Copy. pp. 2. 

Pec. 14. 34. Anthony Stoughton to Sir John Perrot. The Earl of Cum- 

Dublin Castle, berland arrived at Dingle Gush with three ships. O'Rourke refused 

to come to Dublin upon his protection, not liking that it was 

brought to him by Sir Thomas le Strange and Sir Henry Har- 



rington. He said the Deputy had promised to send Thomas Jones, 

Bishop of Meath, and Sir Robert Dillon, Chief Justice of the 

Common Pleas. Great numbers out in Connaught. Great stealths 
and spoils daily in the Pale. Grymsditch's patent passed. Myd- 

dellmore's license for transporting from Ireland to England linen 
yarn has been worth 3,000i. to Walsyngham. p. 1. 

Dec. 14. 35. Number and names of the baronies in county Sligo. 
p. I. 

Dec. 15. 36. Lord Deputy to the Privy Council. Has received Her 
Dublin Castle. Majesty's heavy letter on Nov. 30. Hopes well of subduing the 
rebels in Connaught. 10,000 men are ready on the coast of Spain, 
and shipping to receive them. Treasurer Wallop, the Chief Justice 
Gardener, Sir Gef. Fenton, Sir Edward Waterhouse, Mr. Brabazon, 
and the Earl of Ormond, to be sent over. [Autog.] pp 2. 

Dec. 15. Copy of the above. [Entry Book, Ireland, Folios, Vol. XII., 
p. 307. Erroneously dated in November.] p. 1J. 

Dec. 15. 37. Dockett of Irish suits. Brian M'Gogegan, the O'Ferrals, 
O'Connor Sligo, Capt. Carliell, Countess of Desmond, O'Sullivan, 
Condon, R. Swain, Wm. Phillipes, Piers Gold, Robert Ratcliff, 
Alexander Brywer, James Miaghe, John Finglas, Patrick Foxe, 
William Carter, Geffery Boorke, Gilliduff M'Clancy, William Dow- 
riche, Morris Shigan, Ellen Fitz Edmond Gybbon, Lynseogh 
O'Demsy, Patrick Lingham, Thomas Fleminge, William Browne, 
Dion. Cambell, and Piers Butler, p. 1. 

[Dec. 15.] 38. Petition of Morish Shighane to the Lord Treasurer. To take 
order for the relief of the Countess of Desmond before Mr. Secretary 
Fenton departs. She and her children are in want of meat, drink, 
and clothes, p. 1. 

[Dec. 15.] 39. Petition of Robert Ratcliff, of Chester, to Walsyngham. To 
move her Majesty for the grant of 40. land without fine, in con- 
sideration of his service and the great losses he has sustained, p. 1. 

Dec. 15. 40. Patrick Dobbyn, mayor of Waterford, Wm. Lincoll and Paul 

Wuterford. Sherlok, sheriffs, to Walsyngham. To further their suit by William 

Lumbard, that in case the 'dOOl. fine imposed on merchants for 

trading without license into Spain be not remitted, it may be paid 

to their corporation, according to their patent, p. 1. 

Dec. 17. 41. The Lord Chancellor Loftus, John Garvey, Archbishop of 
Dublin. Armagh and other Councillors to the Privy Council. We know no 
man in Ireland so fit an instrument to do service upon O'Rourke 
and his country as Iriel O'Farrell, who is now a suitor in England. 
Continual hatred and grudge hath been between O'Rourke and him. 
We have known Iriel these 24 years past to be a man of great credit 
in his country, and of good affection to the State. He has already 
often done good service to Her Majesty. Iriel's chief adversary is 
Fergus O'Farrell, who anears himself to O'Rourke underhand, for 


1589. - CXL1X ' 

O'Rourke has sought his daughter to wife. Iriel should be despatched 
to his own country. [Autog.] p. 1. 

Dec. 17. 42. Copy of the above, p. 1. 

Dec. 17. Another Copy. [Entry Book, Ireland, Fol., Vol. XIL, p. 316.] 

Dec. 19. 43. The Lord Deputy to Burghley. The preparations for the 
Baiiymore, service in Connaught, 1,300 soldiers appointed to meet at Galway. 

W1I e8 

1 of I Athioe. e8 Has a^eady explained the inability of the complainants against Sir 
Richard Bingham to go to Dublin. Sir Richard Bingham " hath 
unjustly dealt with me as in his answers in several parts appeareth, 
to which upon the margin I have set down some notes of truth. 
God make him his, but 1 fear if there be an atheist upon earth, he 
is one, for he careth not what he doeth, nor to say anything (how 
untrue soever) so it may serve his turn. I beseech your pardon for 
these speeches for I speak them, God I take to record, in no malice 
nor heat." Some store of money should be sent to relieve the 
soldiers, who have neither towns nor houses, but are obliged to lie in 
the cold wet fields. [Autog.] pp. 2. Incloses, 

43. i. Note of such matters in the book of presentments of the 
county of Galway, &c., as concern Sir Richard Bingham. With 
his answer and the finding of the Council thereon, and notes by 
FitzwUliam in the margin. This document is signed by Fitzwilliam 
and the Council. 1589, Dec. 4. pp. 32. See p. 247, No. 18 1., 267 
No. 20, and 274, No. 12. 

43. ii. Abstract of such particular matters, as are contained in 
Sir Morogh Ne Doe 0' Flaherty's book of complaints of 12th June 
1589, with Sir Richard Bingham 's answer, and the finding of the 
Council thereon. Signed by Fitzwilliam and the Council. See 
p. 237, No. 43, iv. 1589, Dec. 4. pp. 21. 

43. HI. The book of the causes of the commotion between Sir 
Morrogh O 1 Flaherty, the Blind Abbot, and the Imv Burks and their 
confederates in the commotion of wars in their country for their 
guard against Sir Richard Bingham and his brethren. With 
Sir Richard's answer, and the resolutions of the Council thereon. 
Signed by Fitzwilliam, and ilie Council. 1589, Dec. 4. Calendared 
at p. 263, -Z\ r o. 15. Bingham' s ansiver calendared at p. 237, No. 43. i., 
and the resolutions of the Council at p. 274, No. 8. pp. 38. 

43. iv. Complaints of Edmund Burke McThomas Evaghry of 
Conge and Ullicke McShane McDavy McGibbon, delivered to the 
Lord Deputy and Council, 12th June 1589. With Sir Richard 
Bingham s ansiver and the attestation of Walter Oge McWalter 
McFiagh and Owen Bane of Sept. 12, 1589, and thejinding of the 
Council thereon. Signed by Fitzwilliam and the Council. 1589, 
Dec. 4. See p. 237, No. 43, ii., Hi. pp. 10. 

43. v. Lord Deputy and Council to the sheriffs of the counties of 
Connaught. Calendared above, p. 275, No. 21. Copy. 1589, Dec. 5. 
Dublin Castle, pp. 1J. 


1589. VOL ' CXLIX - 

43. vi. Attestation by John Garvey, Primate of Armagh of the Lord 
Deputy's speeches at the sessions in Glare, Galway, Mayo and Sligo, 
saying that he was not come to diminish Sir R. Bvngham's credit, 
but to inquire of the complaints against the inferior officers. 1589, 
Dec. 7. Copy. p. I. , 

43. vii. Sir L. Dillon's attestation of the Lord Deputy's speeches 
at the sessions in Connaught touching Sir Richard Bingham. 1589 
Dec. 7. . Copy. p. 1. 

43. vm. The Bishop of Meath and Sir Robert Dillon's testimony 
of the speeches uttered in the sessions of Connaught touching Sir R. 
Bingham. 1589, Dec. 7. Copy. p. 1. 

Dec. 19. 44. Store in the office of the Ordnance in the Tower, with a pro- 
portion of munition to be sent into Ireland, p. 1. 

Dec. 19. 45. Another of the above, dated Dec. 21, with directions postilled 
by Burghley. p. 1. 

Dec. 20. 46. Sir Richard Bingham, the Chief Justice, Thomas Dyllon, and 

Athione. Edward Whyte to Walsyngham. Contradiction to the attestation 

that at the several sessions which the Lord Deputy kept, he gave an 

inhibition that no public inquiries concerning Sir R. Bingham should 

be presented against him. pp. 2. 

Dec. 20. 47. Note of 7721. 18s. Id. due to Charles Egerton, constable of 
Carrickfergus. p. 1. 

Dec. 21 & 31. 48. Gualterus Breghinus, alias Walter Breghin, chaplain to the 
Lisbon. Conde de Fuentas, to Morice McOwyn, resident now at Castletown in 
the Lord Roche's country. [Ancient note.} He did lately dwell there. 
Begs him to persuade his brother Daniel to come out to him at 
Lisbon. He sent three pounds to his father by Richard Morte 
three or four years ago and desires to be informed whether it were 
delivered or no. [Not e.} This Richard Morte is of Clonmel, and was 
' lately in prison at Dublvn. Asks that he will send letters addressed 
to him through the agency of Cornelius O'Sullivan, who is at Water- 
ford, and will forward letters to him at all times. To deliver this 
image of the Virgin Mary to Mistress Amy for a token. 

[Ancient note.} The writer of the above, who signs some of his 
letters Gualterus Breghinus and some Gualterus Bressinus, is supposed 
to be one called in Irish, Walter Bregen, a priest, the son of a shoe- 
maker of Buttevant, in the county of Cork. He went into Spain 
about 10 years past, and procured a Bull from the Pope, Sixtus V., 
for Florence McCarthy to marry with Sir Owen O'Sullivan's 
daughter, his near kinswoman, which Bull came to the hands of 
Sir Francis Walsyngham about four years past as I learn. [The 
notes are taken from an ancient abstract. [Holog.~\ p. 1. 

Dec. 21 & 31. 49. Abstract of the above letter with notes. Here are abstracts 
of other letters which are calendared at their respective dates. Also 
the following note. Joan Wardeforde and Nicholas Wardeforde, 
her son, to whom William Wardeforde wrote letters out of Spain ; 




Dec. 21. 


Dec. 21. 


Dec. 2. 

Castle Jurden, 

Dec. 22. 


Dec. 22. 


Dec. 23. 


are dwellers in Bristol, where they may be examined. Indorsed. 
Collections out of letters written out of Spain and Portugal 
into Ireland and intercepted. And in Burghley's hand. "Taken 
with Strong of Waterford." pp. 5. 

Privy Council to the Lord Deputy. To examine the cause of 
Patrick Condon, who wilfully set fire to a castle to reduce the rebels 
who were therein, and was sentenced to death for arson by the 
Lord Roch, who favoured the rebels. Hyde and Redman may 
not have Condon's lands. [Entry Book, Ireland, Folios, Vol. XII., 
p. 308.] Copy. p. 1. 

50. Sir R. Bingham to Walsyngham. He invited the Lord Deputy 
to his house at Athlone, being determined to suspend all conceits 
of unkindness,but the Lord Deputy lodged at a poor gentleman's house 
a mile away. The rebels have burned many towns and great 
haggards of corn in the Maugherie. 500 encamped by Roscommon. 
Edmund Burk McRichard Enerin, son of the last Me William, and 
CoagheO'Maddin, two principal pledges, have escaped from Galway. 
pp. 2. 

51. Sir Henry Duke to Walsyngham. Sir John O'Reilly refuses to 
pay the 660 beeves due to the Lady Sydney. Division of Sir 
Hugh O'Reilly's lands and goods. The Lord Deputy thought to 
have discharged him from his small entertainment. Prays for the 
leading of some of the soldiers appointed for Ireland. [Holog.] p.\. 

Privy Council to the Lord Deputy. To license Fergus O'Ferral 
to repair over to England about the difference between him and 
Irriel O'Ferral. [Entry Book, Ireland, Folios, Vol. XII, p. 308.] 
Copy. p. 1. 

52. Capt. Charles Eggarton to Burghley. His sickness. His 
urgent need of his money. He has sold his living in England with 
his wife's chain and borders for the soldiers' food. \Holog."\ p. 1. 
See p. 260, No. 7. 

53. A Memorial concerning the Commission to be appointed for 
Munster, and the effect of the Commission : 

Firstly. All the chargeable lands in Kerrywhirry and Kinnalow, or 
elsewhere in Munster are to be distinguished in what kinds the 
same were chargeable and burdened by the late Earl of Desmond, 
viz., what lands were let at the will of the Lord, and what with 
rents certain and what uncertainly, with coyne, livery, &c. The 
lands let at the will of the Lord are to be delivered to the under- 

Secondly. Whatsoever rents shall appear to have been certain 
upon other lands which are claimed to be freehold, and received 
by the Earl. These shall be answered to Her Majesty, notwith- 
standing any deeds or evidence that may be produced by the free- 

Thirdly. The titles of the late purchasers should be inquired into 
as it is suspected that during the late troubles many have come by 
their lands by means of forged evidences. 

Fourthly. Coyne and livery and all such illegal exactions shall be 
abolished, and in lieu thereof there shall be a contribution to Her 
Majesty's charges. 





The ancient gentlemen of the Barony of Imokelly who were 
charged with rent compulsorily by the Earl shall be freed from this 
charge, but shall contribute to the general contribution in lieu of cesse, 
from which no man is exempted. 

Whereas some of the undertakers have obtained lands which 
belong to persons freed from the Act of Attainder upon the word of 
the Lord Deputy or by public proclamation, the Commissioners 
should bring about an arrangement or composition between the 
parties whereby the enterprise of the undertaking may not be preju- 
diced by Her Majesty's gracious clemency. 

And if any of the parties [freed from Attainder] should prove 
obstinately wilful their names should be certified, to Her Majesty 
as unworthy to receive a like favour hereafter. 

And whereas the same lands have been by mistake sometimes 
granted to two of the undertakers, and mistakes have also been 
made in the quantities passed by the patents, the Commissioners 
are to see to the rectification of these mistakes. 

The Commissioners are to arrange for the payment of money by the 
Lords and gentlemen towards the maintenance of the army. 

[This is a valuable paper, as it gives the Queen's answers to 
questions and difficulties which were raised from the very com- 
mencement of the enterprise of planting Munster. Jan. pp. 6. 

Dec. 28. 54. Privy Council to the Lord Deputy, to suffer the undertakers 
Richmond, to enjoy the benefit of their grant for transportation of victuals into 

England notwithstanding the general restraint. Copy. p. . 
Dec. 28. Copy of the above. [Entry Book, Ireland, FoL, Vol. XII., p. 309.] 

p. i 

Dec. 28. Privy Council to Sir T. Norreys, the Vice-President of Munster. 
Richmond. Her Majesty's intention to send Commissioners to make an agreement 

between the undertakers and such of the Irish as came in upon the 

general proclamation. On No. 54. Copy. p. L 

Dec. 28. Copy of the above. [Entry Book, Ireland, FoL, Vol. XIL, p. 309.] 

rt A 

p. 2 - 

Dec. 28. Privy Council to the Vice-President of Munster, to aid Mr. Edward 
Richmond. Yorke in the matters of fortification. [Entry Book, Ireland, Folios, 
VoL XIL, p. 310.] p. i 

[Dec. 28.] Privy Council to Sir Richard Byngham, to meet with Mr. Edmund 
Yorke at Limerick and assist him in fortifying the same. [Entry 
Book, Ireland, Folios, VoL XIL, p. 310.] p. |. 

Dee. 28. Privy Council to the Lord Deputy. Mr. Edmund Yorke sent over 
Richmond, to fortify. [Entry Book, Ireland, Folios, VoL XIL, p. 311.] 
Dec. [28.] 55. Instructions given by the Privy Council to Edmund Yorke, 
Esq., sent to attend to the fortifying of Ireland against the threatened 
Spanish invasion. 
Dec. [28.] Another Copy. [Entry Book, Ireland, FoL, Vol. XIL, p. 311.J 


Dec. [28.?] Number of 4000 men for Ireland. [Entry Book, Ireland, Folios, 
Vol. XIL, p. 313.] p. 1. 


1589 VOL. CXLIX. 

Dec. 28. 56. Declaration by Captain Gwyn of Sir William Stanley's pre- 
tence to come to Ireland with 12,000 men. Their landing to be at 
Galway, Waterford, and Dublin. Report in the Low Countries that 
the Spaniards will this year have England or never, pp. 1. 

Dec. 29. 57. George Beverley to Burghley. The treasure lately appointed 
Chester. to be transported into Ireland, has been at sea and returned three 
times in consequence of contrary winds, but is now departed the 
fourth time. The price of corn rises in these parts. The Chester 
bushel of wheat is sold for 15s., the same measure of malt for 8s. Qd. 
A. barrel of wheat was lately sold at Waterford for 6s. Gd. sterling. 
The Lord Deputy has appointed a staple of provisions to be 
prepared in Galway. By that Beverley learns there will be occasion 
to use some staple provisions in Ireland. Recommends that the 
2 OOOZ. appointed for staple provision in Ireland should be made 
over by exchange upon the victuallers' bills with the merchants of 
Ireland and Chester, to prevent the charge and hazard of transpor- 
tation. Copy. p. 1. 

Dec. 29. 58. George Beverley to Francis Mills. The Lord Deputy and Sir 
Chester. R. Bingham have gone into Connaught to suppress the pride of 
O'Rourke and his confederates, a piece of work ill handled. The 
Deputy Victualler has been sent to Galway to make preparation for 
1,000 men and never a lc?. in his purse. How he will shift without 
money or credit I know not. [Holoy.] pp. 2. 

Dec. 59. Note of the debt due to Captain Thomas Lea, viz., 795. 6s., 

lOd p. 1. 

Dec. 60. Reasons to move Her Majesty to make William Pratt auditor 

of Ireland. His service under Sir H. Sydney, p. 1. 

Dec. 61. Note of the chargeable lands in the country of Connollaghe 

divided into sixteen toughes or baronies, with the names of every 
quarter or plough land, and the owners or occupiers thereof, and 
what rent of sraghe and marte they should pay. pp. 16. 

[Dec.] 62. Memorial for public causes for Ireland, p. 1. 

63. Memorial of public causes for Ireland. The proceedings of 
the Commissioners with the Undertakers in Minister, p. 1. 

Dec. 64. Petition of Pers Butler FitzEdmond, of Butler's Wood, in the 

county of Kilkenny, to the Privy Conncil. His good service 
against rebels and traitors in Kilkenny, Carlow and Tipperary. 
Prays for a pension of 5s. or 40?. in fee farm. p. 1. Annexes, 

64. I. Note of the good services and worthy exploits which Piers 
Butler (FitzEdmond), of Roscrea, hath done in Ireland by 
direction of the Earl of Ormond. 

1. In March 1573 he slew Tii^elaghe More, a leader of Kerne, 
who took tfie prey of Idogho and committed divers murders. 

2. He slew Walter Stoke, a g&ntleman and confederate of Tirre- 
laghe More. 

3. He slew one Hubert M' William M'Firre, a gentleman and 
leader of Kerne in 1575, who had grievously ivounded and left 
for dead the Archbishop of Cashel, Meyler Magrath, in travelling 
towards Dublin. Piers Butler encountering him hand to hand 
near Glanreynolde dew him. 


1K&n Voi,. CXLIX. 


4. In 1573, at Gloghgrennan, he slew Edmond M' William 
M'Fyrre, a gentleman and strong rebel. 

5. In May 1577 he slew at the Castle of Galyne in Leix one 
Edmond O'Dewie, a strong rebel and conferderate of Rory Oge. 

6. Also at the same time and place Edmond Riogh O'Kelly, an 
adherent of Rory Oge O'More. 

7. Also at the same time and place Edmond Leaghlor, a chief 
man about the said Rory Oge O'More. 

8. Moriertaghe M'Arte Boye, a notorious traitor and leader 
of Kerne, was by the said Piers at Ballimacka, in 1573, taken alive 
and sent to the Lord Deputy, who had him executed. 

9. Also in the same conflict he took Shane M'Owen M'Hugh, a 

10. In January 1582, at Knockrowe, in Kilkenny, he slew Owen 
Mac E Clagulee kernaghe then in rebellion with Thomas of the Mill. 

11. In September 1583, at Battindemera,in the county of Kilkenny, 
the said Piers slew one OiUepatricke O'Divye, a notable traitor, 
adherent to Rory Oge. 

12. In June 1583, the said Piers Butler, at Ballyomerin, county 
of Tipperary, slew Piers Keaghe O'Hedi/n, a notable traitor and 
leader of Kerne. 

13. Also at the time and place he slew one Edmond O'Hedvn,, 
son to the said Piers. 

14. In January 1583 Phillipe M'Owen kernaghe was slain at 
Dloughee, co. Carlow, by the said Piers for aiding Thomas of the Mitt. 

15. Also at the same time and place he slew Morrishe Roe 
Nugent kernaghe. 

16. Also at the same time and place he slew one Patrick 
Konnoghor kernaghe. 

17. In February 1582 he slew Shane Duff kernaghe. 

18. In February 1584, at Ikerrin, in the county of Tipperary, 
being in pursuit of the said Thomas of the Mill, Piers Sutler appre- 
hended one Shane Begge O'Meaghar, who was sent to Kilkenny and 
there executed as a traitor. 

19. In October 1580, at the Easter, in the County of Kilkenny, 
one Neale M' Moriertaghe, gent., a chief traitor of Leix, was slain 
by the said Piers. 

20. Also at the same time and place he slew Moriertaghe Rowe 
O'Hiffernan, servant and guide to the traitor John of. Desmond 
in his rebellion. 

21. Also at the same time and place he slew Teige O'Leighlor. 

22. Also at the same time and place he slew Shane O'Forgurtie, 
alias Shane e Coggee, piper to the said Neale McMoriertaghe. 

23. Also at the same time and place he slew Geffrey Duff 
O'KeUy kernaghe. . 

24. In November 1583, at Ballibane in Ikerrin, he slew Donogho 
O'Leighlor kernaghe. 

25. In July 1583, at Durrifaddaghe, a great fastness towards a 
great bog in Tipperary, being in pursuit of Thomas of the Mill, 
the said Piers slew one Bryen Reoghe, piper to Thomas of the Mill. 

26. In July 1583, at Kildunane, in Leix, he slew Gulepatrick 
M'Morreghe, a gentleman adherent to the said Thomas of the Mill. 



27. In Jiarvest 1581, at Dormerstone, in County Kilkenny, he 
slew Mclaughlin M'Donell kemagJie of the retinue of Rory Oge 

28. In February 1584, at Paynstowne, in Carlow, he slew 
Thomas of the Mill, that notorious traitor, son to Piers Grace, the 
first ringleader and pattern of villainy and rebellion withi/n 
man's memory in tfie counties of Kilkenny and Tipperary. 

Piers Butler also executed by commission of Martial Law 
26 otJier persons who were malefactors, thieves, and traitors. 

Note. This document is signed by Meyler Magrath, the Arch- 
bishop of CasJiel; Finnin Fitzpatrick, third baron of Upper 
Osswy ; James Butler, Baron of Dunboyne; Richard Strange, 
mayor of Waterford ; Richard Shee, sheriff of Kilkenny ; William 
Wale, sheriff of the county of Carlow ; Edmund Walshe, sheriff 
of the county of Limerick; Sir George Carewe, and others who 
speak to the truth of the foregoing partly from personal knowledge 
and partly by report. (Parchment : one sheet.) 

65. Petition of Katherine Ny Taen, widow of Gubone M'Shane, 
to the Privy Council, for a pass for herself and family to Ireland 
and some relief in money and benevolence, in commiseration of the 
loss of her husband killed in Ireland, and of late of her aon in 
the Queen's service before Berghen Op Zoom. p. 1. 

66. Notes by Sir John Perrot for conference with the Lord 
Treasurer. To reduce Sir John Norris's pay to Irish. To consider 
how Her Majesty is answered by the Undertakers who gather 
sraughe and marte. To cause the surveys to be presently made. p. 1. 

67. Petition of Richard Barrett to Sir Francis* Walsyngham, 
Principal Secretary, in the behalf of Edmund Barret, his father, 
and of another Edmund Barret, the younger, that they may sur- 
render their lands and take them again in fee simple, extinguishing 
the custom of Thanistry. p. 1. 

68. Petition of Edmund Barret to the Privy Council for the 
pension of Hugh O'Donnell, late deceased, in consideration of his 
services, p. 1. 

69. Answer of Denis Daly, an Irishman, to an article of interroga- 
tory propounded to him as to Her Majesty's supremacy. Answer : 
" I am ignorant herein." p. 1. 

70. Proposition for Her Majesty to appoint some honourable 
gentleman to be High Steward of her honors, manors, &c., and wood- 
ward, and chief forester of Munster, with the fee of 100Z. per 
annum, pp. 2. 

71. Petition of William Heron, son of Sir Nicholas Heron, de- 
ceased, to Queen Elizabeth. His repair into Ireland in the late 
general rebellion of the Irish, and invasion of the Spaniards. The 
now Lord Deputy's special letters in his favour. Prays for a lease 
in reversion in recompense of his service and of his father's, p. 1. 



72. Petition of John Lales to Burghley, for payment of 681. 10s. 
due for service under J. Wyngfeld, late master of the ordnance, p. 1. 

73. Petition of Henry Cleyton, soldier, to Sir Francis Walsyng- 
ham. He has served in the wars in Ireland 15 years, and been at 
every good piece of service. Desires a reward of 20Z., or the carriage 
of a packet into Ireland, p. 1. 

74. Petition/ of George Green (servant of the Lord Burghley), to 
the Lord Treasurer Burghley, in the behalf of John Wright, of Chester, 
merchant, for payment of 525?. 4s. 8d. for provisions sent to Ireland. 

75. Collection of such sums of money as have heen defrayed to 
divers Commissioners and others about the survey, measuring, and 
dividing of lands lately escheated to Her Majesty in the province of 
Munster to 30 Sept. 1587. Certified under the hand of Treasurer 
Wallop. [Autog.~\ pp. 3. 

76. Note of Sir George Carew's demands for making fine corn 
powder in Ireland, pp. 3. 

77. Note of 1,700 quarters of wheat sent into Ireland, pp. 3. 

78. Proposition by Fr. Jobsonn to the Privy Council to lay cer- 
tain tolls on the shipping in Ireland to meet the cost of fortifications. 

79. Petition of John Birde, notary public, to the Privy Council. 
His suit for five years. He has done good service in prosecuting 
to justice certain evil disposed members and discovering their 
treasons. Prays for a grant of 40Z. land in Ireland, and to be re- 
turned to his places with Her Majesty's gracious letters to hold them 
for his lifa p. 1. 

80. Declaration of the entertainment and profits which Sir Jefiery 
Fenton has obtained since he came to serve in Ireland. He was 
not worth 20J., apparel, and all, at his coming. Copy. pp. 2. 

81. Names of the Commissioners for leases and debts in Ireland. 
p. I. 

82. Petition of Alexander Brywer, of Waterford, by his attorney 
and- nephew, Patrick Grant, to the Privy Council. For letters to the 
Lord Deputy that he may have license to purchase lands in mort- 
main for the maintenance of two almshouses erected for 16 widows 
and 24 orphans, p. 1. 

83. Petition of Laghlen M'Ony O'Moore, of the Queen's County, to 
the Queen, for some yearly pension, in consideration that his father 
was slain by Rory Oge O'More, and thereby lost the custodiam of 
certain lands. Petitioner's service in killing James Swetman, a 
notorious rebel, and taking certain others, p. 1. 

84. Postils to Sir Henry Wallop's requests, p. 1. 

85. The reckoning of the Spanish prisoners' ransoms, &c., 
875i. 18s. 6d., whereof remaineth in the hands of Sir Horatio 
Palavicini, 186Z. 4s. p. 1. 


1589. ~ CXLIX ' 

86. Petition of Richard Fitton, of Clunshawes, to the Privy 
Council. His painful service for 18 years. Prays for a reversion of 
both the Clunshawes, or some other benefit, p. 1. 

87. The accounts of Sir Henry Wallop, Sir Walter Rawley, Sir 
Edward Phiton, Sir Win. Herbert, Sir Edward Bartlett, Mr. John 
Popham, and others checked; also list of Sir John Norreys, Sir 
Richard Bingham, Sir Edward Denny, and others, who have not 
made up their reckonings, p. 1. 



Jan. 1. 1. A true valuation by Sir Geff. Fenton of his estate being de 
claro only 261. [Holog.] 

Jan. 3-13. 2. Gualterus Breghinus, alias Walter Breghin or Bregen, to James 
Lisbon. FitzGarrett, of Barry, his most assured friend. [Ancient note.] 
So f n, to an archdeacon dwelling in the Lord Barry's country, but 
^uhereofhe is archdeacon I cannot learn. Thanks for the care he 
took of his [the writer's] estate when he made him acquainted with 
the future treason that was to be used against him. Thomas, the 
brother of the said James FitzGarret, came here [to Lisbon] two 
years past. He had him home for three months. When he re- 
moved to Seville he gave him letters of recommendation to the Lord 
Bishop of Ross that was there resident, who acted for him like a 
father. The writer gathered for the said Thomas some charity at 
Lisbon, but it was ill bestowed upon him, he being of nature a busy 
fellow and backbiter of his betters. The writer is sorry for Richard 
FitzGarrett, the eldest brother, who is no scholar, nor good priest, 
as some have given the writer to understand. Offers to get him 
a dispensation in Rome should there be any impediment either in 
himself or in his parents. If he were a priest he might do well in 
such ways as Cornelius O'Sullivan, of Castle-Lyons, doth. Edmund 
FitzJohn, of Coor Abbey, wrote to me, to whose letters I answered 
I marvel much, but he sent me order [that he had not sent the par- 
ticulars] of the things I appointed him, that the speedier he might 
come to his intent [the object he desired], show this part of this letter 
to him, " we thought all your banished countrymen to be there with 
you if the Spanish army [armada] had good success, the which was 
overlaid by means of our manifold sins, the cause why I wrote you 
these letters is, understanding of your sister and your brother-in- 
law, Mr. Richard FitzJohn, my dear friend, how they are within 
degrees of consanguinity, wherein they cannot lead a fife according 
to the divine and ecclesiastical laws, moreover he cannot have her 
by any means to his wife, she being another man's wife (as your 
brother let me understand) forcibly by your father taken from him, 
one of these impediments may be amended, which is if be no im- 
pediment but the consanguinity, as you may know I got for the 

P41. ' T 





Lord [Bishop] of Cork faculties from Rome that I did send, that he 
can dispense in consanguinity and affinity in 3 and 3, in 4 and 
3, in 4 and 4 degrees. As I said, if your sister and Mr. Richard 
have but such an impediment appear before the Bishop or his vicar- 
general or official, and they shall dispense with them. If she was 
married as aforesaid to another man there is no remedy, but she 
must take her own if he be alive, if he be not then possibly the Lord 
Bishop [of Cork] may take order. Take all this in good part, for 
I have a singular care of Mr. Richard FitzJohn and of his brethren 
and sisters' souls. If I were where I could do them good and to 
you also and yours I would. I pray use my father aright. If you 
see him, and if he be alive, commend me to my son Jenico at Lis- 
carroll, and bid him to have no night fishers to pull for his kitchen. 
I am sorry of [for] the ill fame I have heard of him, and how by 
procurement of his son, men he sent to Muskerry to steal, and 
" being taken uppon," they were hanged. Alas ! that miserable 
trade of life, wretched in this life, and painful either in " Porgatory," 
and in millionfolds in hell perpetually. I have heard how he was 
a good soldier in Ulster. I know not whether his service then did 
like God or no. I would my Master, his brother, did not use him 
narrowly, whereby he might win him to God. Command my 
daughter, Mistress " Juan," not to marry but with a virtuous man. 
Use my loving and dutiful commendation to my Master, Mistress, 
and to his brother-in-law in the West and his issue in general, to 
your parents, to all my noble country in general, beseeching them 
to commend me to God as I do them. 

Indorsed. Of no importance, only he writeth that he once 
thought all the banished Irishmen should have come home, if the 
Spanish navy should have had good success." \Holog. Seal.] p. 1. 

Abstract of the above. See p. 282, No. 49. 

Gualterus Breghinus to his cousins James and Thomas Prender- 
gast. [ Ancient note. What these Prendergasts be I cannot learn, 
but there is a sept of them near ClonmeL] He desires that they 
two will leave all and come over to him, and therein use the advice 
of Sir Richard Morrice and Mr. Maurice Keating. [Sir Richard 
Morrice, a priest that useth ClonmeL] The writer assures them 
that by letting any of the merchants of Waterf ord understand that 
they are his cousins they will not lack passage. [Ancient note. 
Here appeareth that he has great affiance in all the merchants of 
Waterford.] Abstract. See p. 282, No. 49. 

Jan. 4. 3. Sir Thomas Norreys to Burghley. Commends the bearer, 
Shanden. Captain Robert Longe, for his diligent and painful service. His 
province is in good obedience to Her Majesty. [Autog.] p. 1. 

Jan. 4. 4. Mr. Justice Ro. Gardener to Walsyngham. His ague and 

Liyermerein extreme cough. Has drawn a rude plot of proclamation touching 

Suffolk. ^ e cause o f restraint of execution by martial law in Ireland, 

mentioned in Walsyngham's letter of 1 Jan. There are many op- 

Jan. 3/13. 





[Jan. 4.] 

Jan. 5. 


Jan. 11. 


Jan. 12. 


Jan. 13. 
Jan. 14. 



pressions in Ireland that might be removed. At the coming of each 
Lord Deputy many journeys are devised, by such as derive great 
benefit, and to the decay of the people. 

When an Irish Lord is out, supposed out or forced out, all his 
country is spoiled by taking the prey, some 2,000 or 3,000 cows, 
whereby the inhabitants become thieves. A common allowance for 
head silver is made to such as bring heads, never examining or 
knowing whose heads, whether of the best or worst, so there is no 
safety for any man to travel. A strange course in a Christain 
state. Sheriffs at the end of their year obtain pardons for them- 
selves and such persons as they name, to the number of 40 or 50, 
supposing them to be their assistants whereas some of them happen 
to be women. [Holog.] pp. 2. Incloses, 

4. i. Draft Proclamation to restrain martial law in Ireland. 
Authority to execute martial law having been frequently granted to 
inferior governors, sheriffs, seneschals, captains, and the like, and 
some of these parties having used the said authority in time of peace 
ignorantly, others to magnify their own credit, others for revenge, 
others to enrich themselves with the spoil of our poor subjects ; our 
poor subjects have been frequently shamefully deprived of life, liberty, 
and goods, and no decorum has been observed either in prosecution 
or execution, but a butcherlike " spoiling " of Christian blood. To 
remedy these evils all com/missions to execute martial law are sus- 
pended and revoked, and no such commission shall in future be 
granted by the Lord Deputy without just cause being first shown 
to Her Majesty. 1589-90, Jan. 4. pp. 3. 

5. A memorial for Ireland delivered by Justice Gardener. Com- 
missions for martial law to be called in. The ordinary circuits of 
the Justices of Assize to be duly continued. Indorsed by Lord 
Burghley. p. 1. 

Privy Council to the Lord Deputy. That the fishermen of Water- 
ford, Duncannon, &c., be permitted to carry their fish called hake 
into France. [Entry Book, Ireland, Folios, VoL XII., p. 326.] p. . 

Privy Council to the Lord Deputy. That Sir Richard Bingham, 
Capt. C. Carleil, and Mr. Charles Eggarton have allowance of sterling 
pay for themselves, their officers, &c. [Entry Book, Ireland, Folios 
VoL XII., p. 326.] p. \. 

6. Privy Council to the Lord Deputy. Her Majesty has been 
made acquainted with the letters of James M'Shane and others who 
came in upon the general proclamation and claim lands on which the 
undertakers have planted. She hath purposed to send special Com- 
missioners to compound with the Irishry, and to recompense under- 
takers with other lands. Copy. p. 1. 

7. Note of debts to Capt. Thomas Lee and divers servitors in 
Ireland, p. ^. 

8. Sir R. Bingham to Walsyngham. In favour of the bearer, 
Mr. Prise, a very serviceable and tall man, who offered his company 

T 2 



Jan. 14. 

Jan. 14. 
Gal way. 

Jan. 4/24. 


Jan. 17. 


Vot. CL. 

to Bingham in the present action against the Burkes. 
p. I. 


9. Reasons to move Her Majesty to grant to Sir N. White the 
fee farm of the Priory of Connall, with other lands in Kildare. He 
has civilized the country thereabouts by his residence. He caused 
Teige McGillepatrick O'Connor and Connor M'Cormack O'Connor 
to do battle in the inner court of Dublin Castle, whereby the former 
was slain 12 Sept. 1583. pp. 2. 

10. Lord Deputy to Sir Warham Sent Leger. He cannot reform 
the hard dealings of the auditor and Sir Valentine Brown in over- 
rating Kyrywyry, and other parcels of land without warrant from 
Her Majesty. [Autog.'] Seal, with arms. p. 1. 

Walter Brehin, alias Gualterus Breghinus, to Maurice Keating, 
Chancellor of Lismore. He says that Mr. Quircke has gotten 
faculties, the copy whereof he sends to his master the physician, [i.e., 
Derby McCraghe, Roman Catholic Bishop of Cork and Cloyne], 
whose coming into Spain he wisheth until some aid may be sent into 
Ireland. [Ancient note. I cannot learn what the physician is.] 

The writer sent some things to his father by Geoffrey Corr. 
[Ancient note. I cannot learn what Geoffrey Corr is.] He desires 
to have his brother Daniel sent unto him. p. . Abstract. 
See p. 282, No. 49. 

11. Adam Loftus, Archbishop of Dublin and Lord Chancellor, to 
Sir Francis Walsyngham. Three merchants have arrived from south 
Spain, whom he has sent for and examined. [Autog.] p. J. Incloses, 

11. i. Examinations taken before the Lord CJianceUor of Ireland, 
the 14-th of January. Memorandum, tiiat the day aforesaid, James 
Synnot of Wexford, merchant, arriving tJien in the harbour of 
Dublin, being come from, St. Mary Port in Andalusia, where he 
was the 10th day of January after their computation, (viz. 31 Dec), 
saith that he lately received a letter from Sir Patrick Synnot, his 
brother, being a priest at the Court of Spain, tJtat the King's fleet 
would not be in readiness to 'make any invasion the next spring. 
And saith that his said brother likewise wrote unto him, that in 
case the fleet should sooner be ready, lie would signify the same to 
this examinate by something in writing which should be delivered 
to this examinate's son, dwelling in Lisbon. And further saith 
that two galliasses are already arrived at Coles [Cadix] and bound 
to Lisbon, sent from Sicily and Naples, laden ivith powder and 
artillery. He likewise saith that there is now in the river of the 
Groin \Corunna], a carvel tJvat was lately sent to the coasts of 
England and Ireland, and took Aurelio, the Italian, near to 
Holyhead, the masts whereof are altered and new masts of a fly 
boat placed instead of her carvel masts. And she is appointed to 
come upon these coasts to view flte same, all which was revealed to 
this examinate by his said brother. 

The aforesaid day, Edward Madden, of Waterford, merchant, 
arriving in company with the aforesaid Synnot, being likewise 


1589-90. VoL - CL ' 

examined saith, tJiat at his being at Madryle [Madrid] seven days 
before St. Andrew's ' last, Sir William Stanley was not then come 
thither, but he heard by common report, that the King [Philip] 
daily expected his coming. And further saith that there is at Ferrol, 
within the river of the Groin, 70 or 80 sail of ships whereof two 
are galliasses. The King's soldiers are cessed near to tltem in tfie 
country, and Baltinqlass, Cahil 0' Conor, Maurice FitzJohn, 
and all the rest of the Irishmen tltat are in, pay, or with the King, 
are tJtere. This examinate further saith that there is six of the 
King's ships and one merchant ship at Bilboa, six more of tfie 
King's ships at St. Andrews, and, as he Jieard, there are twelve more 
of them in Portugal newly built. Henry Duffe of Dublin, merchant, 
arriving in one bark, together urith the before examinates, agrees 
with them in all points of their examinations. The examinates 
further say that there be three strong sconces made at the harbour of 
Ferrol. The said three examinates do say also that all Waterford 
men, as well they which reside in Spain as the rest that do use traffic 
thither are traitors, and do not stick to say when they are in Spain 
that they acknowledge no other prince but the Pope and the King of 
Spain, pp. 1|. 

elan. 18. 12. Petition of John Sheryffe to the Privy Council, touching the 
accounts of Jaques Wyngfeld, late master of the Ordnance. Desires 
warrant to commence his action against Sir Edward Wingfield of 
Chemolton and Robert Wiseman, the administrators of Jaques Wing- 
field, that petitioner may be enabled to pay the fine set on him in 
the Star Chamber, p. 1. 

Jan. 18. 13. Proportion of powder, match and munition for Ireland, p. 1. 

Jan. 19. Privy Council to the Lord Deputy. To accept a surrender of 
Richard Kinwellmarch's patent for the clerkship of fairs and 
markets and give him a new one with more authority. [Entry 
Book, Ireland, Folios, Vol. XII., p. 327.] p. $. 

Jan. 19/29. Connogher O'Mulrian, Bishop of Killaloe, to Teige O'Sullivan in 

Lisbon. Waterford, commending the bearer Nicholas Strong. [Ancient note.] 

Nicholas Strong, the bringer of this letter, is the brother of Richard 

Strong, an alderman of Waterford. p. J. Abstract. See p. 282, No. 49. 

Jan. 19/29. Connogher O'Mulrian, Bishop of Killaloe, to Cornelius O'Sullivan 
Lisbon. an( j gi r Teige O'Sullivan in Waterford. He has obtained a Pope's 
Bull for the said Teige O'Sullivan to have the Abbey of Monaster- 
nenich. p. i. Abstract. See p. 282, No. 49. 

Jan. 19/29. Connogher O'Mulrian, Bishop of Killaloe, to Cornelius O'Sullivan 
in Waterford. He wishes to report matters unto him which Nicholas 
Strong will declare. [Ancient note. If Nicholas Strong be examined 
more matter may fall out than there is contained in the letters.] 
p. |. Abstract. See p. 282, No. 49. 

Jan. 20. Privy Council to the Yice-President of Munster. To cause Sir 
Owen O'Sullivan to pay 3QI. to his nephew Donnel O'Sullivan. To 

2 2 * 


1589-90. VoLt CL ' 

charge Sir Owen O'Sullivan to repair to England and appear per- 
sonally before their Lordships by the 1st of May. [Entry Book, 
Ireland, Folios, Vol. XII, p. 327.] p. \. 

Jan. 20. 14. Queen Elizabeth to the Lord Deputy. Preparations are 
being made in the hither parts of Spain. 1,000 men are to be pre- 
sently made ready for the increase of Her Majesty's garrison, 
whereof 400 to be sent from England, and 600 to be levied in 
Ireland. Draft, p. 1. 

Copy. [Entry Book, Ireland, Folios, Vol. XII, p. 328.] p. \. 

Jan, 20/30. 15. Walter or Gualterus Breghinus, or Brehin, chaplain to the 
Lisbon. Conde de Fuentas, to Derbye M'Craghe, Bishop of Cork and Cloyne. 
He, the Bishop of Cork, was of the sept of the rhymers, born near 
the Cahir in the county of Tipperary. 

He sent to Rome to Mr. Quircke the copy of the expired faculties 
" dum non fuerunt ad perpetuam rei memoriam," who got for the 
said Bishop .of Cork other faculties. My Lord, you are a niggard 
of your pen. I sent you the copy of a brief [see 1589, May 21/31, 
and June 28, July 8,] that was laboured for you in Rome, me- 
thinketh you should signify if you did receive the same or no. 
These two years I did not receive letters from you, now I received 
one letter from you the 16/26 of this present January, bearing date 
of the 24th October last [1589] : in that you made no mention of the 
copy of the faculties I sent to you. I would you committed these 
faculties, that I do now send, to some learned men there, and come 
yourself hither ; we are here all in great despair that these many 
years no aid shall be sent to our country, the King's Majesty, 
Philip II, being much in hand with the matters of France. Of these 
occurrences I doubt not but you are aware by this time, and 
especially how the King, Henry III, was slain by Jacque Cle'- 
ment, a Dominican friar. The good man was "teared into 
pieces." The King lived but seven hours, and saying the psalm 
Miserere mei Deus, beginning the verse " Ecce enim in iniquita- 
tihus conceptus sum " he yielded up the ghost godly. He left the 
King of Navarre to succeed him in the kingdom, conditionally if he 
were a Catholic, who, simulating the matter of being a Catholic, 
many of the realm of France of divers estates took part with him, 
until he kept the field with the Duke of Mayenne, after the battle, 
the King of Navarre, Henry IV., escaped " scope " into Dieppe, 
where he was besieged two months. His Majesty, King Philip II, 
and the young prince [afterwards Philip III] are in good health. 
The King gave him the State of Spain, and cometh (as the report 
goeth) hither [i.e., to Lisbon] himself to put things in order. There 
cometh to his Highness now, from the Indies, 14 millions, and to 
particular merchants seven millions. 

In reply to the request of your letters, I advertise you that all 
the Irish gentlemen who are in the army at Ferrol in Spain are well. 
Namely, the godly man and virtuous member of God's church 
the lord of Baltinglas, who is well used by his Majesty Philip II. 
Maurice FitzJohn Fitzgerald, son to the old Sir John, of Desmond. 


1589-90. VoL - CL ' 

Cahil O'Conor. [Ancient note.] A traitor of the sept of the Conors. 
Mr. Bian. And the right virtuous man, Mr. Darby M'Carthy of 
Carbery, that got a good pension of his Highness Philip II., by 
means of some of my good industry in his behalf. All service is 
well bestowed upon that man by means of his virtue and godliness, 
and many more there are in the army, that long it were to 
declare their names. Mr. Thomas FitzJohn, who went from Scot- 
land to Flanders, is now coming to Madrid, as Sir William Stanley 
that is there doth say. Sir W. Stanley was sent for, to what intent 
no man can tell. As concerning our country bishops : the Lord 
Bishop of Ossory is at Santiago de Compostella [MS. St. James's 
de Galicia] with 1,200 ducats. [Ancient note.] I cannot discover his 
name. Father Teigh O'Farraly is in Burgos, he is Bishop of Clon- 
fert, in Connaught. The Lord Bishop of Limerick is at Coimbra, 
with 22 rials every day. [Note.] I cannot learn his name. The 
Lord Bishop of Ross is in Madrid, upon the King's charges that 
liketh much of the man. [Ancient note.] He was a smith's son of 
Limerick, called Naghten, and in Spain he is called Bonaventura. 

The man of Killaloe is here, at Lisbon, with 25 ducats by the 
month. He serveth here sometimes for the archbishop and ia well 
rewarded. He is rich enough. Every two years he goes beg- 
ging, and leaveth neither monastery, church, nor hermitage, but 
seeketh of them things necessary, alleging that he is banished for 
religion, a man that never was in his bishoprick and could be if he 
would ; but he would rather heap up money here than go thither to 
use his talent as you do. He is a man given to gaming, and 
other trades of living that shame it were to write. [Ancient 
note.] If he mean the Bishop of Killaloe, his name is Connoghour 

Mr. Doctor Quemerford was by Cardinal Allen and divers other 
estates sent for from Rome to have the archbishoprick of Cashel. 
His Highness, King Philip II., would not consent that he should 
venture himself to that effect, and promised to prefer his worship to 
any dignity that should be void, the country being reformed. [An- 
cient note. He was of Waterford.] 

The King, Philip II., requested His Holiness to create no more 
bishops in Ireland, and said they were very impudent and tedious 
to him. Cardinal Allen also told the Pope of some dishonesty of our 
countrymen and how many reverend asses pretend to eminent dig- 
nities, who are unworthy of such a function, both for learning and 
virtue. To be brief, Mr. Doctor Quemerford's matter is remitted by 
the Pope to His Highness the King of Spain, videlicet, if it did like 
him, to prefer Mr. Doctor to that place. I doubt not but it will, 
which is death to Cornelius Laonensis [viz., the Bishop of Killaloe, 
Connoghour O'Mulrian] and to his chaplain. The Bishops of Lim- 
erick and Ross have agreed to the request I made in your behalf : 
[viz., Derby M'Craghe, Bishop of Cork and- Ctoyne]. You may 
confess and confirm in their dioceses and no more, because they have 
no more faculties. The Lord Bishop of Ossory left one behind to do 
for him. Cornelius Laonensis [viz., Connoghour O'Mulrian, Bishop 
of Killaloe] three years ago denied to send you his authority to 


1589-90. VOL - CL - 

hear confessions and confirm in his diocese ; now he hath a brief to 
dispense in gradibus consanguinitatis et affinitatis in all the arch- 
bishoprick of Cashel. I went to him and told him that you are the 
only man who ventures his life and uses his talent now in Ireland, 
and requested his letters to send his faculities to you, his answer 
was he would not, because it was unmeet that any man should use 
any function in his diocese until his coming there, if he never come 
it is no great harm, his store of learning is scarce, but of money he 
hath enough, although a beggar in deed, and spending. Our 
country schools in Valladolid might gather of his Highness 
[Philip II.] a college if they were wise, and if some of our country- 
men did not minister occasion to give them the repulse, Englishmen 
got it, well bestowed upon them. Of our country priests died Sir 
William Casey, Sir Cornelius O'Regan, Mr. Daniel Hifferman of 
Connaught, a good scholar, a lawyer, the Lord Bishop of Ross's 
brother. In Genoa died coming from Rome Sir Teig O'Lorcan, [MS. 
oluckrari], Sir Nicholas Nielan, Sir Donough Ruo, God take them 
into his mercy. I pray do what may be done to withdraw my 
cousins from their ill life, and send them either to Waterford or 
hither to me, and extend your helping hand towards my father, and 
let me hear of your benevolence so far. Seek after the ship of Saint 
Marcus, and enquire of one Don Martin de Alarcon, whether he 
was lost, and after what sort. He had the Pope's authority in the 
lost army. He was my dear friend. Send me a brace of greyhounds. 
Send them to Waterford, and they will be conveyed hither to me. 
I mean to consider some that are in office here. [Tom. Ihe notes 
are taken from a cotemporary abstract .] pp. 3. 

Abstract of the above, See p. 282, No. 49. pp. 2. 

Jan. 20/30. Walter Brehin, alias Gualterus Breghinus, to Richard Morrice 
Lisbon. i n Clonmel. He understands that Richard Morte, who is in trouble 
in Dublin for going into Spain, has delivered such things as were 
sent by him to his poor friends. The writer is always willing to 
pleasure the friends of the said Richard Morrice. The writer sent a 
jewel to Richard Morte's bedfellow. Sends kind salutations to Mrs. 
Bray, to Thomas to Nova Civitate and his bedfellow, to Mr. Hickes 
and his bedfellow, to Mr. Derby Daniel and Mrs. Margaret Keating. 
p. \. Abstract. See p. 282, No. 49. 

Jan. 20/30. Gualterus Breghinus to Mr. Robert Copinger. His good usage 

Lisbon. of Patrick Fagan, his servant, and of Henry Skiddy FitzMichael for 

his sake. [Ancient note.] Patrick Fagan was Copinger of Cork's 

man. Henry Skiddy was a man of Cork and sometime a vintner 

in London, p. i. Abstract. See p. 282, No. 49. 

Jan. 21/31. Gualterus Breghinus to the reverend Lord, the Lord Cornelius 
Lisbon. O'SulKvan. Thanks him for sending his son, and for other kind- 
nesses. There is sent to the Bishop of Killaloe to be conveyed unto 
him a bull for a living in Ireland. Sends commendations to his 
master and mistress, to Mrs. Gibbes, to Mr. Richard FitzDavid, to 
Mr. John FitzEdmund Hoday, to good Mr. Robert Copinger [An- 




Jan. 23. 


Jan. 23. 
Jan. 25. 


Jan. 25. 

Jan. 25. 


Jan. 25. 

Jan. 25. 


Jan. 25. 

Jan. 25. 

Jan. 25. 

Jan. 25. 



dent note. He is an alderman of Cork], and William Copinger 
his man, and to Mrs. Elizabeth Meaghe. A letter to be conveyed to 
Mr. Robert Copinger to which he has not subscribed his name for 
avoiding his trouble. [Ancient note. Hereby appeareth some great 
privity between Copinger and the writer.] Abstract. See p. 282, 
No. 49. 

16. Sir R. Bingham to Walsingham. Obstinacy of the rebels in 
refusing to come in. Sir Morough Ne Doe O'Flaherty came in, but 
as he did not bring one of his sons as pledge, he was put in durance 
where he will lie at ease. O'Dowd has been committed in like 
manner. Teig O'Kelly, who challenges the tanistry of the O'Kelly- 
ship, which was clean cut off by the composition, is restrained. His 
intention to prosecute the rebels. Connaught is in rebellion in 
every comer but Thomond. Promises to overthrow O'Rourk. 
pp. 5. 

Copy of the above, pp. 3. [Entry Book, Ireland, Folios, Vol. XII., 
p. 319.] 

Privy Council to the Lord Deputy. To place the new bands 
of soldiers in positions to strengthen and succour Waterford, in case 
the Spaniards should land. To send for Edmund Yorke and the 
Vice-President of Munster to show the plats they have made for the 
fortifications. [Entry Book, Ireland, Folios, Vol. XII., p. 328.] p. f. 

Privy Council to Sir Henry Wallop. To reserve in his hands 
7001. to be issued in England out of the 6,0001. granted for Ireland. 
[Entry Book, Ireland, Folios, Vol. XII., p. 329.] p. . 

Privy Council to the Vice-President of Munster. For the 
execution of such services as the Lord Deputy shall direct. [Entry 
Book, Ireland, Folios, Vol. XII., p. 330.1 p. . 

Privy Council to the Lord Deputy. The Poppinjay and another 
bark appointed to ply between Milford Haven and Waterford. 
Capt. Fleming. Captains for the 1,000 men. 1,000 calivers to be 
made fit for service. [Entry Book, Ireland, Folios, Vol. XII., p. 330.] 

Priv3 r Council to the Lord President of Wales, for putting 400 
men in readiness to be sent into Ireland. [Entry Book, Ireland, 
Folios, Vol. XII., p. 331.] p. $. 

17. Modern copy of the above, p. 1. 

Privy Council to the Mayor of Bristol, to take up barks and vessels 
for the transportation of 400 soldiers from Bristol to Waterford. 
[Entry Book, Ireland, Folios, Vol. XII., p. 332.] p. \. 

Privy Council to Captain Edmund Yorke. To stay in Ireland for 
the execution of such services as shall be resolved on by the Lord 
Deputy. [Entry Book, Ireland, Folios, Vol. XII., p. 332.] p. . 

Privy Council to the Lord Deputy. Sir Walter Rawley, with the 
help of Sir Richard Grenvile, has undertaken to raise 200 men of 
the 600 appointed to be levied in Ireland. [Entry Book, Ireland, 
Folios, Vol. XIL, p. 333.] p. . 


1589-90. VoL ' CL * 

Jan. 25. Privy Council to Sir Henry Wallop. To make stay of so much 
money as is owing to Sir John Perrot upon several bills contained 
in a schedule. [Entry Book, Ireland, Folios, Vol. XII., p. 333.] p. . 

[Jan. 25.] Warrant from the Council to Sir Henry Wallop to reserve 300Z. 
in addition to 700. formerly reserved, for payment of certain matters 
in England. [Entry Book, Ireland, Folios, Vol. XII., p. 333.] p. \. 

Jan. 26. 18. Lord Deputy to Burghley. Prays protection as to the heavy 

Dublin Castle, parts of Her Majesty's last letter. 10,000 barrels of herrings must 

be uttered abroad. Some consideration to be had of the horseman 

whose pay of 9d, Irish, is no way able to maintain him. [Autog.] 

pp. 2. 

Jan. 26. 19. Certificate of the issue of 6,OOOZ. received out of the Exchequer 
by Wallop, by virtue, of a Privy Seal of 26th Jan. 1589/90. pp. 2. 

Jan. 26. 20. Sir Edward Moore to Sir John Perrot. Desires to have the 
Baiiynescheagh. gathering of the beeves of the North. The bearer, Dudley Norton, 
can report the state of the country. The Earl of Tyrone hath hanged 
Hugh M'Shane O'Neill. There is great matter made thereof because 
my Lord Chancellor did send for him, but the Earl understood that 
there was 1,000. offered for his liberty, which bait will be here soon 
swollen. Ireland will shortly be so ill as it will be hardly recovered 
again. [Holog.] p. 1. 

Jan. 26. 21. Owen Woodde to Sir John Perrot. A notable error was made 
Dublin. in the Lord Deputy's Proclamation at Galway. The rebels were 
assured of a safe incoming, but there was no mention of protection 
for their safe return. This hath deterred many a one from coming 
in. Sir Morough Ne Doe O'Flaherty and the Kellies not finding 
acceptable pledges are left prisoners at Galway. Sir Richard 
Bingham is 1,500 strong, besides the Earls of Clanricard's and 
Thomond's rising out, which force the rebels so little seem to fear 
that one of the best of the Burkes " abashed not to say to Theobald 
" Dillon, he would for one full year lie every night with his shirt 
" under his wife's head." Turlough Lynagh O'Neill -wrote a 
Latin letter to O'Rourke warning him against any traitorous 
attempts against the Queen, and threatening to invade him. 
The Earl of Tyrone also wrote to him, but in terms of less terror, 
whereto O'Rourke answered with his own hand in a fair Irish 
character as follows: O'Rourke's son salutes the Earl advertising 
him, I have (seen) his letter whereto I answer, that so there be no 
other thing demanded of me than heretofore hath been of my an- 
cestors, I will gladly embrace peace with the Deputy. If otherwise, 
the world shall see the son, as he cannot much grace it, so will he 
prove no stain to his father's stock. At Galway no one councillor 
came to the Lord Deputy's table which he took offensively. 

The Earl of Tyrone hath hanged Hugh Gavelagh O'Neill, first 
taken by Maguire, and purchased there-hence to be executed on a 
thorn tree, and some say with the Earl's own hands. The Deputy 
storms at it. 

Surley Boy M'Donnell is dead, and his son succeeds him. Sir 


1589-90. VoL ' CL * 

Con M'Neill Oge O'Neill, Lord of Claneboy, also is dead. Neill 
M'Brian Phartagh O'Neill succeeds him. The Lord Chancellor's 
quartan ague and the Lord Deputy's quotidian fits have this term 
nonsuited many a poor man, and wearied others, but rumours of 
war have emptied the courts of actions and our term of people, 
and we hope will do the land of a hazel helm. [Holog.] Seed, 
with device., pp. 2|-. 

Jan. 26. 22. Petition of William Peers, the younger, of Carrickfergus, to 
the Privy Council, for the pension of 2s. 6d. per diem, which was 
enjoyed by one of Sir Brian M'Phelim's sons, who is now dead, 
namely, Sir Con M'Neill Oge O'Neill p. 1. 

Jan. 27. 23. Lord Deputy to the Privy Council. He repaired to Galway 
Dublin. with seven of the Council on December 23, and issued a procla- 
mation to the rebels. The bands appointed to attend Sir Richard 
Bingham by the 12th of January to prosecute the rebels. The 
pains taken to cause the Bourks and Clandonnels to understand Her 
Majesty's gracious meaning. Capt. Fowle and James Lynch Fitz- 
Ambrose of Gal way,, merchant, were sent to them, and afterwards 
Justice T. Dillon, Nicholas Lynch FitzSteven of Galway, alderman, 
and Tibot Dillon, were sent to them, and many letters passed. No 
answer was sent to their last letters because when they -were 
delivered the day named in the proclamation was expired. The 
Poppinjay and another ship appointed to attend on Sir Richard 
Bingham. David O'Dowde, chief of the country of Tireragh, came 
in upon the proclamation, and for that he could not deliver such a 
pledge as was demanded of him, he remaineth committed. 

Teige M'William O'Kelly, Hugh Kiagh O'Kelly, his son, Connor 
Oge O'Kelly, Connor Ne Garroughe, and Riccard Oge M' Jonyn, were 
also committed for certain considerations moved by Sir Richard 
Bingham. There were further committed the Lord Birmingham and 
his wife, Sir Hubert Burke M'Davy, and the Archbishop of Tuam's 
wife, Mistress Lealy or Mullaly, for considerations moved also by 
Sir Richard Bingham. Before the finishing of this letter there 
came unto me several merchants of sundry parts of this realm, who 
find themselves greaty grieved for the restraint of wheat and other 
victuals lately done here upon Her Majesty's commandment, 
alledging that having to the number of 8,000 or 10,000 barrels of 
herring, unless they may have issue for the transportation thereof 
hence, they will be utterly undone, besides the loss of the victual 
itself. Request of the horsemen for the augmentation of their wages. 
The Earl of Thomond's good forwardness who sent for 160 shot and 
Kerne to serve Her Majesty. [Autog.] p. 4. Incloses, 

23. i. Proclamation by the Lord Deputy and Council calling for 
the appearance of all loyal subjects before the Lord Deputy at 
Galway by the 12th of January 1589/90, with an assurance of 
safety for their incoming. [Copy with a postill.] " This bred a 
doubt in them that if they should come in and not perform what 
orders should be set down, then this proclamation did not 
warrant their going back again" 1589, Dec. 27, Galway. p. 1. 


1589-90. VoL< CL> 

23. n. Act of the Lord Deputy and Council delivering to Sir 
Richard Bingham Her Majesty's Commission, dated 12 Dec. 1589, 
for prosecuting the rebellious Burkes, &c. U'ho hare not come in on 
the proclamation. 1589-90, Jan. 12, Galway. Copy. p. I. 

23. in. iv. Lord Deputy to Sir Richard Bingham, committing 
the prosecution of the Burks, &c. to him. With list of the forces to 
serve in the action. 1589-90, Jan. 13, Gahvay. Copy. pp. 2. 

23. v. Mr. Robert Foule to the Lord Deputy. Refusal of the 
Blind Abbot, and the rest to come in as they should never be able to 
yield 38 pledges, and if the best of them came in they would never 
get out again. If they might have safe conduct they ^uould come in 
and pay Her Majesty's rent and make restitution. They say it is not 
possible to rule so many bad people as are amongst them, without a 
chief man to command the rest, for which they would give a good fine. 
No peace will hold unless some one of them carry the authority of 
the country they care not by what title or name. There is none of 
them can do anything worth speaking but Walter Kytaghe Burke, 
without a general consent of all. Has used all the means he could 
to draw them to a simple submission. 1589-90, Jaw. 4. Copy. p. 1. 

23. vi. Declaration of James FitzAmbrose Lynch of Galway, 
alderman, made to the Lord Deputy FytzwyUiam of the answer 
of tJie Blind Abbot, Walter Ne Mulley]Bourk, Edmund Burk of the 
Conge, &c. to the Lord Deputy and Council's letter and the procla- 
mation. They ask for a safe conduct to come in and return. They . 
are afraid of Sir Richard Bingham. Jan. 4. Galway. Copy. 
p. I. 

23. vn. Marcus M'Conaill, Feriagh M'Conaill, and Turlough 
Roe M'Conaill and other Clandonnels to Mr. Fowle. They desire 
the Lord Deputy to grant them Her Majesty's peace. Jan. 4. Togher. 
Copy. p. i 

23. viii. The Lord Deputy and Council to Marcus M'Donett and 
others in answer to their letter to Capt. Fowle of Jan. 4th. Promise 
them Her Majesty's mercy if they will come in and submit. Jan. 6. 
Galway. Copy. p. |. 

23. ix. Capt. Robert Fowle to the Clandonnels. He has been too 
sick to speak with the Lord Deputy. Sends the Lord Deputy's 
answer to their letters of Jan. 4>th. The proclamation is sufficient 
sv^rety for their safety. Jan. 6. Galway. Copy. p. . 

23. x. Capt. Robert Foule to the Blind Abbot, Edmund Burke of 
Conge, and Walter Ne Bidley Bourke. Exhorts them to lay 
aside all fear and take hold of the favour and grace offered by the 
proclamation. Jan. 6. Galway. Copy. p. \. 

23. xi. Instructions to Thomas Dillon, Chief Justice of Con- 
naught, Nicholas Lynch FitzStephen of Galway, alderman, and 
Tybbot Dillon, collector of the composition, to repair to Sroure 
(Shrule) o-r otfter convenient place, and confer with the Lower Burkes 
and M'Donnetts to bring tltem in. If you find they or any of them 


1589-90. VOL - CL " 

are trilling to put in such security /or their good behaviour here- 
after as is like to content the Council, then you may assure them of 
tludr safe coining and safe return. And if you find them not dis- 
posed to accept Her Majesty's mercy according to tJte proclamation, 
then you shall entertain them with fair speeches and come away. 
1589-90, Jan. 6. Galvmy. Copy. p. . 

23. xn. Report or journal of Thomas Dillon, and the others sent 
to persuade the rebellious Burks and ClanDonnels to come in. Left 
Galway on January Gth. They went to Cloghmover to M'Gremone's 
house, and ttience to Srmver, and thence rode to Castle Hackett. The 
Blind Abbot, Walter Kyttagh, Ed. Burke of Conge, Walter Ne Mully 
Burke, and 100 others met them at Ross Reyle, coming on the west 
side of the river there, but would not come into Galway except upon 
protection, so that they should be sure to depart at their pleasure, 
and not be compelled to stand to the order of the Lord Deputy and 
Council. The four letters ivhich came from the Burks and Clan 
Donnells were brought the next day, being the last day of the pro- 
clamation, i.e., 11. Jan. 10. pp. 3. 

23. xiii. William Boorke,alias the Blind Abbot, to tlieLord Deputy. 
The undutiful facts committed were not done so bad as ivas reported. 
Desires to be forgiven for not coming in at this time, and promises 
to make satisfaction. Will come in if the Lord Deputy will send 
him good assurance and safe conduct for our going in and coming 
forth to our own country again. Jan. 10. Abbey of Ross reala. 
Copy. p. . 

23. xiv. Edmund Boorke of Conge to the Lord Deputy. Desires such 
assurance (i.e., some of the Council) as he will send to the rest of the 
Burkes and lie will come in. Jan. 10. RossrelL Copy. p. \. 

23. XV. Walter Bourke, i.e., Walter KUtagh Burke, to the Lord 
Deputy. Desires good assurance for his going and coming back safe. 
Jan. 10. RossreU. Copy. p. . 

23. xvi. Markus [M'Enabbe] M'Donnell of the Togher to the Lord 
Deputy. He is daily conferring with tJte rest of the Clandonnells and 
drawing them to obedience as near as he can. 1589-90, Jan. 10. 
RossrelL Copy. p. \. 

23. xvn. Act for the commitment of David Doivde, who hath 
come in upon the proclamation till he shall deliver the Castle of 
Castleconnor and such pledge as Sir Ric. Bingham shall think meet. 
He was required to surrender his castle of Castleconnor, and to put 
in as pledge his foster father or foster brother. He yielded his 
castle, but said he could not put in his foster fattier or foster brother, 
Copy. p. \. 

23. XVIIL Order of the Lord Deputy and Council for committal 
of Teig M' William 0' Kelly, Connor Oge 0' Kelly, Riccard Oge 
M'Jonyn, and Connor Ne Garroughe 0' Kelly to Galway Gaol for 
untrmthfulness, suspicion of treason, and (as to the two last-named 
persons) for certain considerations not meet a-s yet to be disclosed. 
Jan. 11. Galivay. Copy. pp. 2. 



1589-90. V01 " CL - 

Jan. 27. Copy of the above letter No. 23, pp. 3. [Entry Book, Ireland, 
Folios, VoL XII., p. 323.] 

Jan. 27. 24. Sir JF. Walsyngham to the Lord Deputy Fytzwylliam. To 
Greenwich, continue the restraint of Patriot Condon, notwithstanding a pre- 
vious order for his release. Fytzwylliam is to send his packets to 
the Mayor of Chester, from thence to be conveyed to Court by the 
ordinary post, the rather that Fytzwilliam's servants staying many 
times long for answer hold not themselves contented with the 
allowance that is yielded to them. [N.B. A copy of a portion of 
the above is inclosed in 1590, July 11.] Copy p. 1. 

[Jan. 27.] Proportion of munition sent into Ireland. 
Folios, Vol. XII., p. 322.] p. J. 

[Entry Book. Ireland, 

Jan. 28. 

25. Certificate of the issue of 6,000. received out of the Exchequer 
in England by Wallop, parcel of a privy seal of 8,000?., dated 
30 Nov., 1589. -m 3|. 

Jan. 29. 26, Lord Deputy to Sir F. Walsyngham. He stayed at Galway 
Dublin Castle, till Jan. 14, two days after his authority to deal in the rebels' 
matters ceased. Wishes his men, Morrice and Hoie, to be despatched 
from London. It is a long time since they delivered their letters. 
Supposes they are waiting for answers. Did not send them to London 
to be a charge on Her Majesty in following their own pleasures. 
p. I. 

Jan. 29. 27. Sir N. White to Burghley. *No men of note came in to Galway, 
Dublin. but Sir Morogh Ne Doe O'Flaherty and young O'Dowde, who neither 
brought, nor could bring (as they said) such pledges as we required 
of them, and therefore we left them with their own consents to the 
disposition of Sir Kichard Bingham. The Earl of Tyrone hath 
played a strange part in hanging Hugh Gavelagh O'Neill, contrary 
to the express orders of the Lord Deputy and Council. The Earl was 
forced to execute him with his own hands, as the Donnylaghes, who 
are the greatest men about the Earl, were the fosterers of Hugh's 
father, and forbade that no man should lay hands on him, they offered 
300 horses and 5,000 cows that he might be spared. Sir Turlough 
Lynagh O'Neill hath strengthened himself by marrying his daughter 
to O'Donnell's son, who leads the M'Sweenys and all Tyrconnell at 
his pleasure. [Holog.] pp. 1 

Jan. 30. 28. Sir Lucas Dillon to Sir John Perrot. The rebels in Con- 
Dublin, naught have no regard to their duty. O'Connor Roe' sons would 
not submit. Fergus O'Ferral is sheriff of Longford for this year. 
Sir John O'Reilly is discontent against the officers of Cavan. Feagh 
M'Hugh O'Byrne increaseth daily in pride, pp. 2. 

Jan. 31. 29. Sir N. White to Sir John Perrot. The Burkes persist to 
Dublin. claim their M'Williamship. The insolence of the Earl of Tirone in 
hanging Hugh Ne Gavelagh with his own hands when he could 
get none else to do it, is wondered at. He is greatly friended by 
the Knight you formerly suspected. Sends secret intelligence by 
his son Andrew. [Holog.] p. 1. 




Jan. 30. Sir Walter Ralegh to Walsyngham. I humbly beseech you 

[Tuesday.] to procure a letter for this poor gentleman Teige a Nursey [M'Carthy] 
for his surrender [of the lands of Glanecrym], and if my Lord 
Deputy find that any other of his kindred make claim as well as 
himself, that yet his Lordship will favour him in the suit in respect 
of his good service done, and his ability to do, being one very 
sufficient and hath many able men that follow him, and I assure 
your Honour that the contenting of this man will be to great 
purpose, for no man is better followed of those dangerous men of 
the West parts than himself, [he was called Teige a Nursey, or Teig 
of the forces.] [Holog.] p. . 

Jan. 31. Postils to 16 Articles of Memorial for Ireland in the hand of 

Sir Edward Waterhous. 30,000?. to be sent to Ireland about the 
end of March. Victualling by G. Beverly. 4,000 men to be in 
readiness. Waterford, Limerick, Cork and Galway should be 
strengthended with the numbers of men that are to be sent out of 
England and Ireland. And for that the said towns are not of that 
strength to make head to the enemy, it shall be convenient out 
of hand to send some engineer into that realm to take a view of 
the said towns and to devise how there may be some kind of in- 
trenched fortification made (without the said towns,) of earth 
defensible with such numbers of men as shall be placed in them 
to withstand the enemy, pp. 2. 

Jan. 32. Checks laid down upon Sir Walter Ralegh's horsemen. 

Mr. Colthurst deposed that the horses had been lately spoiled in a 
journey so that a good muster could not be made to Mr. Staughton. 
p. I. ' 

Jan. 33. Note touching Sir Walter Ralegh's muster. Robert 

Mawle's three horsemen, p. . 

Feb. 1. Privy Council to Sir Henry Wallop. Warrant for issue of 700?. 
Greenwich, to the captains leading soldiers over to Ireland, to the Mayor of 
Bristol, &c. Sir John Perrott signs here with the Privy Council. 
[Entry Book, Ireland/Folios, Vol. XII., p. 341.] p. 1. 

Feb. 1. Privy Council to the Mayor of Bristol. That the shipping and 
Greenwich, all things necessary for the transportation of 400 men be in a readi- 
ness. Order for the coat and conduct money. [Entry Book, 
Ireland, Folios, VoL XII., p. 342.] p. i 

Feb. 4. Instructions given to the four Captains, i.e., Tho. Conway, Jenkin 
Conway, Jo. Roberts, and Tanner, appointed to take the leading of 
the 400 men levied for Ireland. [Entry Book, Ireland, Folios, 
VoL XII., p. 342.] pp. li 

Feb. 4. 34. Draft of the above, pp. 2. 

Feb. 4. Warrant to Sir Henry Wallop to pay to Capt. Fleming 20 marks, 
he being appointed to take charge of one of Her Majesty's vessels 
to lie between Milford Haven and Waterford. [Entry Book, Ireland, 
Folios, Vol. XII, p. 343.] p. . 

Feb. 8. 35. Note of serviceable munitions in Dublin Castle. Draft, p. 1. 



Feb. 8. 

Feb. 9. 

Feb. 9. 

Feb. 9. 


36. A consideration for the better furnishing of the Ordnance 
Office in Ireland. Copy. p. \. 

37. Petition of Edmund Walshe of the Abbey of Owhennye Co. 
Limerick, to Queen Elizabeth. That his services during the last 
rebellion in Munster should be considered. He has been a suitor 
for six months. Prays for his despatch with a reasonable considera- 
tion for his losses, p. 1. 

38. Petition of Finin M'Cormuk (M'Carthy) of Glanycryme to the 
Privy Council. That Teig Enorsey (M'Carthy) may be compelled 
to return into Ireland, that the controversy between them for 
Glanycryme may be there decided. Suppliant's father, Cormuk 
M'Finin was murdered at the instigation of Teig Enorsey, who then 
usurped the lands, p. 1. 

39. Docquett of Irish suits referred to Her Majesty and the Lords 
of the Council, viz. : Francis Stafford, William Browne, Ellen Fitz- 
Edmund Gibbon, Captain Thomas Woodhouse, Alexander Brywer, 

[Henry] Malby rmo Me Teig McNursey, i.e., Teig 

EnOrsey [McCarthy], Fynnin McCormock [McCarthy], Donnel 
O'Sullivan, Gerrard Byrne, Sir Nicholas White, the Countes of 
Desmond, Brian McGeoghegan, Neil McGeoghegan, Robert Pipho, 
Donnogh O'Conor Sligo, Iriel O'Ferral, Stephen Segar, late constable 
of Dublin Castle, Piers Butler, Giles Cornwall, Edmond Walshe, 
Richard Barrett, James Miagh, Morris Nugent, Richard Swayne, . 

rter, [R ] Ratcliff, John Sherife, Matthias O'Chane, Hugh 

Cuff, Undertaker, and John Newton. This Docquett contains a 
note of the relief which each suitor claims, pp. 7. 

[Feb. 9.] 40. Petition of Richard Swayne for payment of 33?. 4s. 6d. due to 
him as a gunner. With certificate of Sir Henry Wallop and Sir 
Geff. Fenton in his favour. Copy. p. 1. 

41. The Chancellor Archbishop of Dublin Loftus to Walsyngham. 
Commends the bearer, Captain George Wakeley, the son of John 
Wakeley, who was a valiant Captain in Ireland. [Autog. SeaL] 

42. Petition of Joan Moclere to the Lord Deputy FitzWilliam. 
She states that she is the daughter and lawful heir to Richard 
Moclere of Balliclereghane in the county of the Cross of Tipperaiy, 
deceased, who died seized of certain lands in Balliclereghane, viz., 
Garryvicnicolays, Stangrioghe, Leakavony, Gorticnock, Gwertine- 
diner, Dyoth Lyasrioghe, Gertyparck and eight other gardens, the 
Priest's garden with four acres and a half of the large measure of 
the country, &c., which lands and tenements descended unto her as 
lawful heir unto her father, until about 24 years past when she 
being under seven years of age, Patrick Sherlock of Waterford, 
gentleman, late deceased, wrongfully entered into the premises and 
converted the same to his own use without any colour of right, as 
also John Sherlock, son and heir to the said Patrick, of his mere wrong 
and with strength (force) did withold during his lifetime to her 
destruction. All which time your poor complainant during these 
three years past has been a suiter unto the late Lord Deputy Sir John 

Feb. 12. 


Feb. 14. 



1589-90. Vor " CL * 

Perrot, who referred the matter to the Lord of Cahir with the 
referment of Sir Thomas Norreys, the Vice-President of Munster, to 
take order therein, who accordingly standing upon the examination 
of certain gentlemen, freeholders and husbandmen of the' country 
there, did find your complainant to be lawful heir of the premises, 
and thereupon did draw out an order for your complainant to have 
the possession of the said lands, which order being drawn, yet would 
not he perfect the same until he had seen what title or good matter 
the executors of the said John Sherlock could bring against your 
complainant's right in the said lands. And for the better doing 
thereof gave the said executors three months space for the same, 
and yet could not find any good matter against your com- 
plainant's right in the said lands, but what by sinister practices 
and false detractions and drawing (sic) of time to fatigue your 
suppliant being poor and unable to follow her matter, which the 
said Lord of Cahir perceiving, and your complainant to have right 
interest did put her in possession as well by the referment of the 
said vice-president as also the justices there in that province of 
Munster. And the same did possess and enjoy all this 12 months 
past until now of late El lice Butler, wife to the said John Sherlocke, 
one of the executors, did wrongfully cause your poor complainant to 
be dispossessed to her undoing. And for that she is not able to 
prosecute her cause by due course of law unless your honour will 
take order therein in admitting her in forma pauperis, which is her 

The case was referred to Mr. Justice Gold and Mr. Thomas 
Wadding, who ordered that Ellice Butler shall pay to Joan Moclere 
13Z. 6s. Sd. for her interest in the property, and that Joan Moclere 
shall have the rents and issues of the same after Easter next, until 
she be wholly paid and satisfied. Copy certified by Nicholas Brywer 
and others, pp. 3. 

Feb. 16. 43. The Earl of Kildare to Walsyngham, that his cousin Gerrott 
Maynooth. Fitzgerald's pension of 4s. per day may be " translated " to his 
cousin John Talbot. [Autog.] p. . 

Feb. 16. 44. Lord Deputy to Burghley. Sends by his son [John] a letter 
Dublin Castle, to be delivered to the Queen. One Denis Roughan, a priest, brought 
it to me together with his wife. It is subscribed by Sir John Perrot 
and addressed to the King of Spain. Roughan is afraid of being killed 
by Perrot's friends. Perrot's affection towards Rome and Spain as 
they say, hath won him love in Ireland. Burghley must bear with the 
messenger who lacketh boldness, and is too full of bashfulness. Sir 
Dennis O'Roughan said mass to Sir John Perrot after he had con- 
fessed him. If your Lordship did hear what was confessed it would, 
the party saith, give you more to do than marvel. Sir Dennis 
O'Roughan is now writing a book of informations. It will take 
some time as one of the constable's men bit off a piece of Roughan's 
nose, and he can work only at short fits. Roughan says he should 
have carried this letter himself. He wishes to be carried into Her 
Majesty's presence. [Holog.~] pp. 2. Incloses, 

P41 ' 2 3 U 


1589-90. VoL< CL> 

44. I. Sir John Perrot to the King of Spain. Acknowledges his 
letters to him when President of Munster. Offers if King Philip will 
give him the whole land of Wales for ever then Perrot will under- 
take to get him the two lands of England and Ireland. " Owt of 
the Castelle of Dublyne the 25 of June 1585." [Copy in the hand- 
writing of Sir W. Fytzwilliam, the Lord Deputy, certified as follows : 
A tru copy tacken the xvj. of February 1589-90. Signed W. Fytz- 

Feb. 16. 45. Lord Deputy to Burghley. Thanks for Burghley's advertise- 

Dublin Castle, ments to his son William. Deputy will take no course that shall 

justly irritate any man. He abhors to shrink from danger in the 

service of Her Majesty, whether against Sir William Stanley's 

attempts here or at Waterford. [Holog.] p. 1. Incloses, 

45. i. Lord Deputy to the Privy Council. 1589-90, Feb. 17, 
Dublin Castle. Copy calendared below. No. 46. p. 1. Incloses, 

45. ii. Declaration of William Cane of Dublin. Copy calendared 
below. No. 46. ii., 1589-90, Feb. 14. pp. 2. 

45. in. Lord Deputy to the Privy Council. Copy [not the same 
as the above inclosure]. 1589-90, Feb. 17, Dublin Castle. Calen- 
dared below, p. 307, No. 47. p. 1. Incloses, 

45. iv. Note of serviceable munitions in Dublin Castle, with a 
note of such kinds as are needful to be supplied out of England 
without the proportion. 1589-90,^68. Copy. p. 1. 

45. v. Note of the great ordnance at Limerick to be presently 
mounted. Iron shot there with the note of unserviceable calivers in 
the store at Dublin which may be repaired, and considerations for 
the better furnishing of the ordnance office in Ireland. 1589-90, 
Feb. 8. Copies, p. 1. 

45. vi. Lord Deputy to Walsyngham. 1589-90, Feb. 17, Dublin 
Castle. Copy calendared beloiv at date. p. 307, No. 48. p. 1 . 

Feb. 17. 46. Lord Deputy to the Privy Council. The freeing of Geneva 
Dublin Castle, from the Duke of Savoy's siege. That part of William Cane's 
information which relates to Sir William Stanley's partisans now in 
authority in Ireland to be specially considered. Makes stay of 
discharging doubtful prisoners. Recommends the suits of Waterford 
and other ports for license to utter their herrings. [Autog.] p. 1. 

46. i. Mayor of Waterford to [prob. Lord Deputy.] A French 
bark arrived the 6th of Feb. from Rochelle. Spanish news is con- 
firmed by Humfrey Dorrington, a man of Bristol. The Cardinal 
of Bourbon proclaimed King of France in Paris. Siege of Geneva 
by the Duke of Savoy. 7,000 of his men slain. Extract, p. 1. 

46. ii. Declaration by William Cane of Dublin, merchant, set 
down at the Lord Deputy's desire. He was driven by tempest into 
the Groin, and there arrested as a spy. The manner of his being 
put on the rack, and the cruelty of the Spaniards i/n debarring 


1589-90. Vo1 " CL ' 

him surgical aid to cure his ivounds. His cause was brought 
before the King and he was set free. Sir William Stanley with 
five Englishmen, an Irish boy, and a Fleming came to the court at 
Madrid apparelled in black cloth with sleeves of black taffeta after 
the Spanish fashion. Captains are gathering men att through tJie 
country, and great preparations are being made at the ports in 
Spain for an expedition. Some of Sir William Stanley's friends 
have the leading and command of men in Ireland. Copy. pp. 2. 

Feb. 17. Copy of the above letter. [Entry Book, Ireland, p. 337.] p. $. 

Feb. 17. 47. Lord Deputy to the Privy Council. The Poppinjay is em- 
Dublin Castle, ployed against the rebellious Burkes. Sir Ric. Bingbam is advanced 
against the rebels. Good captains and pensioners in Ireland to 
have the leading of the bands to be erected. Want of money and 
armour. Mr. Yorke's arrival at Waterf ord. The orders taken for 
putting the f