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Full text of "A calendar of Washington manuscripts in the Library of Congress"

NYPL RESEARCH LIBRARIES 



3 3433 08241313 3 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2008 with funding from 

Microsoft Corporation 



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LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

DIVISION OF MANUSCRIPTS 



A 



CALENDAE 

/ 

* OF 

WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS 



LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



Compileii under the direction of 

HERBERT FRIEr)E]Sr\\^ALD, Rh. D. 



WASHINGTON 

GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 

lyoi 



^.^ 



TABLE OF CONTENTS. 



Page. 

Introduction 5 

Calendar of Manuscripts from Washington 9 

Calendar of ^Manuscripts to Washington 103 

Index 185 



INTRODUCTION. 



This Calendar of Washington Manuscripts in the Library of Con- 
gress was compiled under the direction and supervision of Dr. Her- 
bert Friedenwald, when chief of the Manuscripts Division. It is in 
two parts. In the first division are calendars of such manuscripts as 
were written by Washington or under his authority. In the second 
division are the calendars of the documents received by him. 

Supplied information is inclosed within brackets. In the case of 
manuscripts that have been published reference is made to the printed 
copy, and these documents, being easily available for reference, have 
been but briefly calendared. For the same reason names mentioned in 
the bod}" of such manuscripts have been omitted from the general 
index of names. 

The abbreviations A. L. and A. L. S., A. D. and A. D. S. have their 
usual significance. The first abbreviations designate autograph letters 
and autograph letters signed, the second designate autograph docu- 
ments and autograph documents signed. In the case of letters or 
documents written by another than the author and signed by the latter 
the abbreviations L. S. and D. S. are employed. 

Notable among the documents calendared are the Virginia Articles 
of Association of 1770, the series of papers relating to General Sulli- 
van's Indian expedition, and the letters relating to the founding of the 
city of Washington. Of the documents to Washington the most sig- 
nificant are those dating from 1778 to 1782, illustrating the means 
employed for obtaining information I'especting the movements of the 
enemj'. This material will be found in the main under Z, Culper, 
Mersereau, Amicus Reipu))licae, Littel D, and Tallmadge. 

In addition to the documents comprised in this calendar the Librarj^ 
has recently acquired the letter books of Robert Morris which contain 
copies of 73 letters from that statesman to Washington, 08 of which 
were written during the years 1781-1781. The Library possesses also 
the large Toner collection of transcripts of Washington's writings, as 
well as the transcripts of letters and documents written by Washington 
during the Revolutionar}" war, collected bv Peter Force ar.d obtained 
by the Library of Congress in 1867. 

Charles H. Lincoln, 
j^ssistcmt m Charge^ Manvxor'n^tx J)!v!stfm. 

Herbert Putnam, 

Librarian of Congress. 

Library of Congress, March . 1901. 



DOCUMENTS FROM WASHINGTON. 



Documents from Washington. 



1755. Washington, George. Col. and akl-de-camp to Maj. Gen. Edward Brad- 
Feb. 26-June 17. dock. Orderly book of Maj. Gen. Edward Braddock, containing 
the orders issued between Feb. 26 and June 17, 1755, while in 
command of the expedition against the French. The orders 
cover the period from the departure of the expedition from 
Williamsburg [Virginia] to the illness of Washington at Little 
]\Ieadows [Pennsylvania] . Three notes were added at a later date : 
(a) explaining the character of the work, (6) the omission of 
orders for June 15 and 16, and (c) giving directions to copyist for 
transcribing the work. A. D. 2 vols. Q°. pp. 109, 13. 

Printed: LowdermDk, Hist, of Cumberland, Washn., 1878, Appendix pp. 
II-LIX. 

1755. Washing'ton, George. Col., 1st Virginia regiment. Fort Cumberland 

July 18. [Maryland]. Letter to [Lt.] Governor [Robert] Dinwiddle [Wil- 

lamsburg? Virginia]. Gives an account of the battle on the 

Monongahela on the 9th instant. Contemporary copy attested: 

"Wm. Alexander. Secy." 3 pp. F". 

[1755.] Washington, George. Col. and commander in chief of Virginia forces. 
[Aug.-Sept.?] Fredericksburg, Virginia. List of officers for the 1st Virginia 

regiment [submitted to Lt. Governor Robert Dinwiddle] . For Lt. 
Col., Adam Stephen; for Major, Andrew Lewis; sixteen captains, 
seventeen lieutenants, sixteen ensigns; recommends as essential a 
company of scouts and proposes [Christopher] Gist for com- 
mander. On verso is written "not to enlist Felons", "have the 
arms all cleaned" A. D. 1 p. F". 
Names are given in index. 

1758. Washington, George. Col. and commander in chief of Virginia forces. 
Sept. 14. List of officers killed, wounded, missing and returned [on Major 

James Grant' s reconnoissance] . Tabular statement by regiments ; 
names of regiments and number of officers and men on expedition. 
Endorsed: "A List of the kill'd & Missing in the Engagement near 
Fort Duquesne. 14th. Septr. 1758 " A. D. 2 pp. F". 
Printed: Tlie Olden Time (Craig's) 2,283. 

1763. Mississippi Company, [Virginia] Articles of association. Name and 
June 3. purpo.se of company; agent to go to England to obtain the grant 

from the Crown and conditions to govern same; to be an equal 
division of expense; yearly meetings to be held; members to be 
entitled to but one vote; meetings to 1)e presided over by a presi- 
dent; regulations governing assessments; qualifications necessary 
for a treasurer; powers of an executive committee of ten defined; 



10 CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 

1763. Mississippi Company — Continued. 
June 3. rules j^overning sale of stock; charter members: Francis Light- 

foot Lee, John Augustine Washington, Antliony Stewart, Eichard 
Parker, Robert Woodrop, William Flood, Robert Brent, William 
Beale, jr., Henrj^ Fitzhugh, Richard Henry Lee, Thomas Lud- 
well Lee, Adam Stephen, William Lee, Presley Thornton, William 
Booth, Thomas Bullitt, William Brockenbrough, William Fitz- 
hugh, George Washington. 3 pp. F°. 
Copy in Washington's handwriting. 

1770. Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association. Williamsburg. Entered 
June 22. into by the House of Burgesses and body of merchants; to pur- 

chase no British nor European goods; to publish names of violators 
of this agreement; encourage frugality; list of goods agreed not 
to be imported; special mention of slaves and wine; no sales of 
British goods on commission; committee of trade; prices not to 
be advanced; no goods to be imported. 16-1 printed signatures. 
Endorsed by Washington: "98" Broadside. 1 p. 19} x 14| 
inches. 

MS. addition in Washington's handwriting: "The Subscribers, Inhabitants 
of the County of Fairfax * * * upon his Word and Honour agree and 
Promise that lie will strictly & firmly * * * abide by every article and 
Resolution therein contained * * *." 98signatures. Names given in index. 

1770. Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association. Williamsburg. Five copies 
June 22. similar to preceding, q. v. Endorsements and signatures, which 

differ in each document as follows: 

MS. endorsed by Washington "21 " has 21 MS. signatures. 

"41" " 41 " 

"18" " 19 " 

"26" " 26 " 

" "65" " 6.5 " 

Broadsides. 1 p. 19} x 14| inches. 
Names given in index. 

1771. Washington, George. Member Virginia House of Burgesses. Mount 
June 4. Vernon. Letter to Capt. Neil Jameison, Norfolk [Virginia]. 

Asks that sails and rigging for John West be forwarded ; Capt. 
[ ] Olife will return [to Alexandria] soon. A. L. S. 1 ]). Q". 

1773. Virginia, [Colony] Council. [Williamsburg.] Proceedings on the 
Nov. 4. memorial of Col. George Washington in behalf of his brother 

officers "entitled to lands under [Lt.] Governor [Robert] Dinwid- 
die's proclamation" [Feb. 19, 1754] and giving an account of five 
recent surveys to the amount of 72,299 acres; list of beneficiaries 
and amounts given each; the governor advised to issue his war- 
rants for the individual surveys as desired. Signed: "True Copy 
Exd. G. Washington." 

Nov. 6. (2) Under the King's proclamation [Oct., 1773] claims must be made in 
person to be recognized as valid. 2 pp. F°. 
Entire dociament in Washington's handwriting. 

[1774.] Virginia, [Colony] Fairfax County. [Fairfax Court House.] Summary 
[July 18.] of resolves 13-17 and 19-24 passed at a general meeting of inhab- 

itants and freeholders. 1 p. F". 

In Washington's handwriting. Printed: Sparks, Writings of Washington, 
2, 488. Ford, Writings of Washington, 2, 420. 



CALENDAK OF WASHHSTaTON MANUSCRIPTS. 11 

1775. Washing-ton, George. General and commander in chief. [Cambridge?} 

June-July. "An Acct. of the Killed & Wounded in the Ministerial Army" 

in the battle of Bunker Hill; according to an account given by 

John Machin, deserter from the Welsh Fufileens. A. D. 1 p. Q». 

1775. Reed, Joseph. Lt. col. and inilitanj secretary to Washington. "Head 
July 13. Quarters Cambridge" Letter to the commanding officer [Col. 

Samuel Gerrish?! at Chelsea [Massachusetts]. By the General's 
[Washington] direction orders him to bring off all cattle and 
sheep from Shirley Point and other places; owners to have them 
again on application or can dispose of them to the comjnissaries. 
Signed J. Reed. Letter book. 

1775. Reed, Joseph. Lt. col. and military secretary to Washington. "Head 
July 13. Quarters" [Cambridge]. Letter to [Major] Gen. [Israel] Put- 

nam [Cambridge]. By order [of Washington] passage to Bos- 
ton is to be given the woman bearing this letter; precautions to 
be taken that she receive no papers from anyone; her name is 
Greenwood; encloses her petition. Signed J. Reed. Letter hook. 

1775. Reed, Joseph. Lt. col. and military secretary to Washington. "Head 
July 15. Quarters" [Cambridge]. Letter to [Brig.] Gen. [John] Thomas, 

Roxbury. Col. [Jonathan] Trumbull has applied to the General 
[Washington] for a house, now occupied by soldiers, to be used 
by some person for a tavern; the General directs that the mat- 
ter be referred to [Thomas] ; Trumbull will furnish tents for the 
men moved, if he so directs. Signed J. R. Letter hook. 

[1775]. Reed, Joseph. Lt. col. and military secretary to Washington. [Cambridge.] 
July [16?] Letter to the Committee of Supplies, Watertown [Massachusetts]. 

Two horses taken from the enemy are sent by the General's 
[Washington] directions; Capt. [ ] Brown sent one to his 
father, contrary to orders; practice of considering captured goods 
the property of the captor is to be discouraged; the other horse 
is in [Maj.] Gen. [Israel] Putnam's service, who holds himself 
accountable to the public for same. Signed J. R. Letter hook. 

1775. Reed, Joseph. Lt. col. and military secretary to Washington. [Cambridge.] 
July 17. Letter to the Committee of Safety [of Massachusetts, Watertown]. 

James Bayard and Charles Prew, who came out of Boston, are sus- 
pected of being spies; by order of the General [Washington] they 
are sent to them, to be treated as the Committee shall see fit. 
Signed J. R. Letter hook. 

1775. Reed, Joseph. Lt. col. and military secretary to Washington. [Cambridge.] 
July 18. Letter to [Brig.] Gen. [John] Thomas [Roxbury]. The General 

[Washington] thinks it necessary to procure as many whaleboats 
as possible immediately; orders a horse to be stationed on Sew- 
all's Point to convey intelligence; enjoins strictly that it be not 
used for any other purpose. Signed J. Reed. Letter hook. 

1775. Washing'ton, George. General and commander in chief. Cambridge. 
July 18. Letter to Governor [Jonathan] Trumbull [Lebanon? Connecti- 

cut]. Personal matters. Unsigned. Letter hook. 

Printed: Sparks, Writings of Washington, 3, 31. Ford, Writings of Washing- 
ton, 3, 27 (footnote). Force, Amer. Arch., 4th ser., 2, 1686. 



12 CALENDAE OF WASHINGTON MANUSCEIPTS. 

1775. Washington, George. General and commander in cJiief. "Cambridge 

July 18. Camp" Letter to Governor [Nicholas] Cooke [Providence? 

Rhode Island], acknowledging receipt of letter through [Maj.] 

Gen. [Nathanael] Greene; thanks him for his good wishes. 

Unsigned. Letter book. 

1775. Gates, Horatio. Brig. a7id adj. gen., Continental army. " Head Quarters, 
July 21. Cambridge" Letter to James Warren [Watertown, Massachu- 

setts]. By order of Gen. Washington informs him of prisoners 
at Cambridge; wishes to know the most convenient place, remote 
from the coast, for their confinement. ' ' Copyd by J. P. " Letter 
hooJc. 

1775. Washington, George. General and commander in chief. "Cambridge 
July 23. Camp" Letter to James Warren [Watertown, Massachusetts]. 

Has received an application from the captains in Col. [Edmund] 
Phinney's regiment; they claim that the bounty and billeting 
money promised has not been paid; requests that the matter be 
laid before the General Court; has promised the men they will 
receive the legal allowance. Unsigned. Letter book. 

1775. Reed, Joseph. Lt. col. and military secretary to Washington. "Camp 
July 25. at Cambridge" Letter to [Brig.] Gen. [David] Wooster [Har- 

lem? New York], respecting probable movement of British against 
New York. Signed J. R. Letter book. 
Printed: Force, Araer. Arch., 4th ser., 2, 1754, and 3, 292. 

1775. Washington, George. General and commander in chief. "Camp at 

July 26. Cambridge" Letter to Governor Nicholas Cooke [Providence? 

Rhode Island], respecting British departure from Boston and 

their possible intention of raiding the Rhode Island coast. Signed 

G. W. Letter book. 

Printed: Coll. R. I. Hist.Soc, 6, 116. 

1775. Washington, George. General and commander in chief. Cambridge. 
July 29. Letter to James Warren [Watertown, Massachusetts], respecting 

the manner in which the people of Boston are lea\'ing the city. 
Signed G. W. Letter book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch., 4th ser., 2, 1754, and 3, 292, note. 

1775. Washington, George. General and commander in chief . "Camp at Cam- 
July 31. bridge" Letter to James Warren [Watertown, Massachusetts], 
giving reasons for refusing the application made by the Provin- 
cial Assembly of the colony. Sign<id G. W. Letter book. 

Printed: Ford, Writings of W'ashington, 3, 51. Sparks, Writings of Wash- 
ington, 3, 44. Force, Amer. Arch., 4th ser., 2, 1764. 

1775. Pennsylvania (The) Packet or the General Advertiser. Philadel- 
[July31.] phia. Last two pages of No. 197, Vol. IV, containing list of 

officers of the British army killed and wounded and of the killed 
and wounded of the Revolutionary army at the battle of Charles- 
town [Bunker Hill]. Endorsed by Washington: "Return of the 
Killed & wounded of ye Provincials — 17th. June 1775 &c" P'. 

[1775.] Gates, Horatio. Brig, and adj. gen., Continental army. [Cambridge?] 

[July?] Table of rations allowed to staff officers of the Army. A. D. S. 

' ' By the Generals Command, Horatio Gates, Adjt. Gen' 1. " 1 p. F°. 



CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCEIPTS. 13 

1775. Washington, George. General and commander in chief. [Cambridge] 
Aug. 4. Letter to Governor [Jonathan] Trumbull [Lebanon ? Connecticut] , 

regarding the new levies from Connecticut. Unsigned. Letter 
hook. 

Extract only. Entire letter printed: Sparks, Writings of Washington, 3, -16. 
Force, Amer. Arch., 4th ser., 3, 37. 

1775. Washington, George. Genend and commander in chief. "Head Quar- 
Aug. 5. ters ' ' [Cambridge] . Letter to the General Court [of Massachu- 

setts, Watertown]. The bearer, [Lt.] Col. [Loammi] Baldwin, 
reports the detention at Maiden of the barrackmaster's wife [Mrs. 
Hannah Goldthwait] ; danger is to be apprehended of allowing 
persons, many of whom are known to be disaffected, to roam the 
country; has convened a court of inquiry, but the business accu- 
mulates; takes field officers from their duty; desires the General 
Court to take steps in the matter; wishes Baldwin to be directed 
concerning Mrs. Goldthwait. Unsigned. Letter book. 

1775. Washington, George. General and commander in chief. "Head Quar- 
Aug. 6. ters Cambridge" Letter to "Col" [James] Warren [Water- 

town, Massachusetts]. Would be glad to procure [ ] Hitch- 
bourn's release as requested in his letter of yesterday, if there is 
any practicable way of doing it; if the imprudent letters brought 
evil consequences on those gentlemen alone, would think they 
deserved to suffer some for their misconduct. Signed G. W. Let- 
ter book. 

1775. Washington, George. Genercd and commander in chief. "Head Quar- 
Aug. 7. ters" [Cambridge]. Letter to Col. [James] Otis [Watertown, 

Massachusetts], respecting absence of soldiers from the Army. 
Unsigned. Letter book. 

Printed: Ford, Writings of Washington, 3, 72. Sparks, Writings of Wash- 
ington, 3, 55. Force, Amer. Arch., 4th ser., 3, 314. 

1775. Washington, George. General and commander in chief. "Camp at 

Aug. 8. CamVjridge" Letter to the New York Provincial Assembly 

[Kingston?], respecting the export of provisions from New York 

and a possible attack upon that city by the British. Signed 

G. W. Letter book. 

Printed: Ford, Writings of Washington, 3, 74. Sparks, Writings of Wash- 
ington, 3, 56. Force, Amer. Arch., 4th ser., 3, 537. 

1775. Washington, George. General and commander in chief. [Cambridge.] 
Aug. 9. Letter to Governor [Jonathan] Trumbull [Lebanon, Connecticut], 

respecting the movements of the British and the consequent action 
of the Connecticut troops. Unsigned. Letter book. 
Printed: Mass. Hist. Soc. Coll., 5th ser., 10, 2. 

1775. Reed, Joseph. Lt. col. and military secretary to Washington. "Camp 
Aug. 9. at Cambridge" Letter to the Committee [of Safety?] at New 

London [Connecticut]. Has been directed by His Excellency 
[Washington] to acknowledge their letter of [Aug. 8.]; he is sur- 
prised that after the notice given the stock was not removed from 
[Fisher's?] Island; the distress in Boston before this raid was very 
great; remedy suggested by them is both difficult and haaardous. 
Signed J. R. Letter book. 



14 CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 

1775. Washing'ton, George. General and commander in clikf. " Camp at Cam- 
Aug. 10. ])ridge" Letter to P[eter] V[an Brugh] Livingston, New York, 

respecting commissions for otficers and possible movements of the 
British. Signed G. W. Letter book. 

Printed: Force, Amer. Arch., 4th ser., 3,533. Ford, Writings of Washington, 
3, 75 (in part). 

1775. Washington, George. General and commander in chief. "Camp at 
Aug. 11. Cambridge" Letter to the General Court [of Massachusetts, 

Watertown]. Refens to them the case of [Ichabod?] Jones; mili- 
tary matters and the expedition against Nova Scotia. Unsigned. 
Letter hook. 

Printed: Ford, Writings of Washington, 3, 76. Sparks, Writings of Washing- 
ton, 3, 58. Force, Amer. Arch., 4th ser., 3, 90. 

1775. Reed, Joseph. Lt. col. and military secretary to Washington. "Cam- 
Aug. 14. liridge Head Quarters" Letter to James AVarren [Watertown, 

Massachusetts], respecting the treatment of prisoners of war and 
conditions at Cape Ann. Unsigned. Letter book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch., 4th. ser., 3, 328. 

1775. Washington, George. General and commander in chief. "CampatCam- 
Aug. 14. bridge" Letter to Governor [Jonathan] Trumbull [Lebanon? 

Connecticut] , respecting ammunition and food supplies for the 
Army. Unsigned. Jjctter book. 

Printed: Force, Amer. Arch., 4th. ser., 3, 137. Ford, Writings of Washing- 
ton, 3, 80. 

1775. Reed, Joseph. Lt. col. and military secretary to Washington. [Cambridge.] 
Aug. 15. Letter to the Committee [of Safety?] of Northampton [Massachu- 

setts] , respecting treatment of Capt. Knight and other prisoners. 
Signed J. R. Letter book. 

Printed: Reed, Life of Reed, 1, 115 (in part). See also note in Ford, Writ- 
ings of Washington, 3, 79-80. 

1775. Reed, Joseph. Lt. col. and military secretary to Washington. "Head 
Aug. 15. Quarters" [Cambridge]. Letter to [the General Court of Mas- 

sachusetts, Watertown]. Bearer of this is accompanied by a 
chief of the St. Francis Canadian Indians; he returns via Ticon- 
deroga to tender his services to [Maj.] Gen. [Philip] Schuyler; 
thinks it l^est that the Court should learn from him personally 
the sentiments of these Indians towards the colonies; His Excel- 
lency [Washington] approved his waiting upon the Court and 
directed that this account of what has passed be sent. Signed 
J. R. Letter book. 

1775. Washington, George. General and commander in chief. "HeadQuar- 
Aug. 17. ters Cambridge" Letter to the President of the Covmcil [of 

Massachusetts, James Otis, Watertown] . Bearer of this letter is 
William Minns; commits him, as a suspicious character, to the 
General Court; wishes to be informed of the action taken on his 
case as property belonging to him is in the hands of the officer at 
Roxbury. L^nsigned. Letter book. 

1775. Washington, George. General and commander in chief. [Cambridge.] 
Aug. 23. Letter to [James] Warren [Watertown, Massachusetts]. Was 

informed in a conference with the General Court that shirts, 
breeches, etc., had been provided by the Committee on Supplies; 
the Army being in a measure destitute wishes them delivered to 
the Quartermaster-general. Signed G. W. Letter book. 



CALENDAK OF WASHINGTON MANUSCEIPTS. 15 

1775. Washington, George. General and commander in chicif. "CampatCam- 
Aug. 23. bridge" Letter to Governor [Jonathan] Trumbull [Lebanon? 

Connecticut], respecting supplies for the Army. Signed G. "W. 
Letter book. 

Printed: Mass. Hist. Sof. Coll., ,=ith sur., 10, 3. 

1775. Reed, Joseph. Lt. col. and military secreiari/ to Washington. "Camp 
Aug. 24. at Cambridge" Letter to the [Pennsylvania] Committee of 

Safety, Philadelphia. Gen. Washington directs that Major 
[Christopher] French and the other captives [Ensign John Rot- 
ten and Cadet William jNIcDermott] be sent to Hartford instead of 
this camp; wishes all powder that can be spared hurried forward; 
the last supply was very acceptable, but far short of the necessi- 
ties; the intercepted clothing should be sei^t forward at once as 
the Army is in a very destitute condition. Signed J. R. Letter 
hook. 

1775. Reed, Joseph. Lt. col. and military secretary to WasJnngton. "Head 
Aug. 24. Quarters Cambridge" Letter to [James] Warren [Watertown, 

Massachusetts]. By direction of His Excellency [Washington] 
has sent three prisoners; James Campbell was brought along on 
suspicion of designs on the powder under escort; he claims that 
his papers in New York Avill clear him; bad character of the 
other prisoners; suggests that the militia relieve the guard and 
escort the prisoners to Hartford; Campbell might I>e given an 
opportunity to clear himself. Signed J. R. Letter book. 

1775. Reed, Joseph. Lt.col. and military secretary to Washington. [Cambridge.] 

Aug. 25. Letter to "Col." [James] Warren [Watertown, Massachusetts]. 

Has been directed by the General [Washington] to inform him 

of his need of £2,000 in specie ' ' for a particular Service. ' ' Signed 

J. Reed. Letter book. 

1775. Washington, George. General and commander in chief. [Cambridge.] 
Aug. 29. Letter to the President of the Council of Massachusetts [James 

Otis, Watertown]. The Quartermaster-general [Col. Thomas 
Mifflin] cannot obtain fire-wood, oats or hay for the army; the 
scarcity is artificial and is brought about by a desire to raise the 
prices; asks that the Council devise a remedy; suggests the usual 
method of fixing a fair price by law and seizing the articles 
desired; if this action is taken on other commodities the effect 
will 1)6 most beneficial also. Unsigned. Letter-book. 

1775. Washington, George. General and commander in chief. "CampatCam- 
Aug. 30. l>ridge" Letter to Peter Van Brugh Livingston [New York], 

concerning the capture of the ship Charming Sally and want of 
ammunition. Signed G. W. Letter-book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch., -Ith ser., 3, 462. 

1775. Washington, George. General and commander in chief. "Camp at 
Aug. 31. Cambridge" Letter to Messrs. Clarke & Nightingale [Provi- 

dence, Rhode Island]. Has heard they have imported a quan- 
tity of powder; sends " Capt. [George] Bayler " [Baylor] to 
purchase same; their bills drawn on him will be honored at the 
shortest notice. Signed G. W. Letter-book. 



16 CALENDAE OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 

1775. Washington, George. General and commander in chief. "Camp at 
Aug. 31. Cambridge" Letter to Governor [Nicholas] Cooke [Providence? 

Rhode Island] . Has information of Clarke & Nightingale import- 
ing powder, lead and 500 stands of arms; has sent Capt. [George] 
Baylor to purchase same; wishes his assistance in the transaction 
and help in transporting arms to camp; Baylor can give him the 
latest news; wishes to know the progress made with the hunting 
shirts. Unsigned. Letter-book. 

1775. Reed, Joseph. Lt. col. and military secretary to Washington. "Camp at 
Aug. 31. Cambridge" Letter to Col. [Thomas] Seymour, Hartford, Con- 

necticut. Is directed by His Excellency [Washington] to inform 
him that orders have been given for Major [Christopher] French 
and other prisoners from Philadelphia to remain at Hartford; 
their paroles to be taken again if necessary ; their presence in camp 
at this time would be inconvenient. Signed J. R. Letter-hook. 

1775. Washington, George. General and comm.ander in chief. "Camp at 
Aug. 31. Cambridge" Letter to Major [Christopher] French [Hartford, 

Connecticut]. Has received his letter of 15th instant and will 
forward enclosures to Boston as requested; his coming to camp, 
as ordered' by the "Philad." Committee of Safety will be incon- 
venient; has directed his destination changed to Hartford; has 
written the Committee there to that effect; Governor [Jonathan] 
Trumbull is empowered to make any alteration of [French's] 
residence, he may see tit. Unsigned. Letter-book. 

1775. Reed, Joseph. Lt. col. and military secretary to Washington. "Camp at 
Aug. 31. Cambridge" Letter to Capt. T[homas?] Wharton [jr., on road 

to camp] . The presence of Major [Christopher] French and other 
prisoners under his care will prove inconvenient at camp; by 
order of Gen. Washington, directs him to return with them to 
Hartford, or such place as Governor [Jonathan] Trumbull shall 
direct, until further orders. Signed J. R. Letter-book. 

1775. Washington. George. General and commander in chief. "Camp at Cam- 
Sept. 2. bridge" Letter to [Brig.] Gen. [David] Wooster [Oyster Pond? 
Long Island] concerning making detachments from the main 
army for defense of various points. Letter-book. 

Printed: Ford, Writings of Washington, 3, 107. Sparks. Writings of Washing- 
ton, 3, 75. Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 3, 632. 

1775. Reed, Joseph. Lt. col. and military secretary to Washington. "Camp at 
Sept. 3. Cambridge" Letter to Capt. T[homas?]. Wharton [jr., Cam- 

bridge?] concerning Major [Christopher] French and other 
prisoners; personal matters. Signed J. R. Letter-book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 3, 640. 

1775. Reed, Joseph. Lt. col. and military secretary to Washington. "Camp at 
Sept. 3. Cambridge" Letter to the Committee [of Safety] at Hartford 

[Connecticut] concerning the treatment of Major [Christopher] 
French and other prisoners. Signed J. R. Letter-hook. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 3, 639. 

1775. Reed, Joseph. Lt. col. and military secretary to Washington. "Camp at 
Sept. 3. Cambridge." Letter to Major [Christopher] French [on the 

road to Hartford] concerning his exchange. Signed J. R. Letter- 
book. 

Prir'ed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 3, 639. Extract in Ford, Writings of 
Washington, 3, 148 {noteV 



CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 17 

1775. Washington, George. (Jeneral and commander in clnef. "Camp at 

Sept. 4. Cambridge." Letter to the President [James Otis] and Council 

of Massachusetts [Watertown] respecting Col. [Paul Dudley] 

Sergeant's application for a commission in the Continental army. 

Signed G. "\V. Letfrr-lxjok. 

Priiitcii: Forcf, Aiiicr. Arch. -Jtli. 8cr., S, (illi. 

1775. Reed, Jose})h. JJ. cnl. <iiid mi/itari/ secretary/ to WasJtingtun. "Camp at 
Se])t. 7. Cambridge." Letter to Nathan Tracy, Newbury Port [31assa- 

chusetts] respecting vessels [for the Canadian expedition under 
.\rnold]. Signed J. R. Letlcr-hook. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. -Ith. Ser., 3, (i67. 

1775. Reed, Joseph. Lt. r<jL and military secretari/ to Wuxliinf/ton. "Camp at 
Se])t. 7. Cam])ridge." Letter to [Hon.] Benjamin Lincoln [Rhode 

Island?] respecting the purchase of arms and ammunition at Pi-ovi- 
dence. Signed J. R. Letter-book. 
rriiit<'(l: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 8, OtiT. 

1775. Washington, George, (ieneral and commander in, chief. Cambridge. 
Sept. 10. Letter to "Col." [James] Warren [Watertown, Massachusetts]. 

Capt. [George] Bayler [Baylor] will receive the specie for Col. 
[Benedict] Arnold; wishes the amount made up by Continental 
currency to £1000; a regular warrant will be sent in a few days. 
Unsigned. Letter-book. 

1775. Reed, Joseph. Lt. col. and military secretary to Washington. Cambridge. 

Sept. 19. Letter to Major [Christopher] French, Hartford [Connecticut], 

respecting his treatment as a prisoner. Signed J. R. Letter-book. 

Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 3, 744. 

1775. Reed, .Toseph. Lt.. col. and military secretary to WasJiington. "Campat Cam- 
Sept. 20. bridge." Letter to Col. [Benedict] Arnold [Fort Western, 
Maine] respecting the expedition to Canada and conditions at 
Cambridge. Signed J. Reed. Letter-book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arcli. 4th. Ser., .3, 7G3. 

1775. Reed, Joseph. Lt. col. and military secretary to Washington. "Camp at 
Sept. 25. Cambridge" Letter to B[enjamin]. Franklin [Philadelphia]. 

Congratulates him on his appointment [on Conference Commit- 
tee at Cambridge?] ; Gen. [Washington's] letters to his family and 
friends in Virginia, for the past two months have miscarried; 
the failure lies between Philadelphia and Alexandria; requests 
that steps be taken to ensure delivery in future; nothing of im- 
portance has occurred ; .are building a number of flat bottom 
boats to be ready if an opportunity presents itself. Signeil J. 
Reed. Letter-book. 

1775. Washington, George. General and commander in chief. Cambridge. 
Sept. 26. J^etter to Major [Christopher] French, Hartford [Connecticut] 

concerning treatment of prisoners and his request to wear his 
sword. Unsigned. Letter-book. 

Printed: Ford, WritingH of Washington, 3, 148. Sparks, Writing.s of Washing- 
ton, 3, 105. Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 3, 810. 

19108—01 2 



18 CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 

1775. Washing-ton, George. General and commander i7i chief . "HeadQuar- 

Sept. 26. ters " [Cambridge]. Letter to Brig. Gen. [Joseph] Spencer 

[Roxbury, Massacliusetts] concerning petition against the 

appointment of [Ebenezer] Huntington. Unsigned. Letter-hook. 

Printed: Sparks, Writings of Washington, 3, lOS. Forrt, Writings of Wasli- 
ington, 3, J51. Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 3, 811. 

177-"i. Washington, George. General and commander in cli'tef. [Caml)ridge.] 
Sept. 2(3. Letter to Col. [Thomas] Seymour [Hartford, Connecticut] respect- 

ing the treatment of Major [Christopher] French and other pris- 
oners. Unsigned. Letter-book. 

Printeil: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 3, 810. Forrt, Writings of Wasliing- 
ton, 3, 15U (note). Sparks, Writings of Washington, 3, 107. 

1775. Washing-ton, George. General and commander in chief. Cambridge. 
Sept. 28 Letter to Col. [James] Warren [Watertown, Massachusetts] 

introducing an Oneida chief to the General Court. Unsigned. 
Lettei'-hook. 

Printed: Force, Amer. Arcli. 4th. Ser., 3, 842 (under date of Sept.29). See 
iilso: Ford, Writings of Washington, 3, 1.5 (note). 

1775. Washington, George. General and commander in cliief. Address to the 
[Sept.] Inhabitants of Canada. Broadside. (French and English. 1 p. 

F°. 

Printed: Ford, Writings of Washington, 3, 120. Sparks, Writings of Wash- 
ton, 3, 92. Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 3, 734. 

177">. Reed, Joseph. lA. col. and military Hecretary to Washingto)i. [Cam- 
Oct. 2. bridge.] Letter to Simon Peas, Newport [Rhode Island] respect- 

ing supplies for the army. Unsigned. Letter-book. 
Printed: P^jrce, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 3, 937. 

1775. Reed, Joseph. Lt. col. and military .secretary to Washington. Cam- 
Oct. 2. bridge. Letter to James Warren [AVatertown, Massachusetts] 

respecting the disposition of certain vessels captured from the 
enemy. Signed J. R. Letter-book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 3, 937. 

1775. Reed, Joseph. Lt. col. and military .secretary to Washington. "Camp at 
Oct. 4. Cambridge." Letter to the Committee of Salem and Gloucester 

[Massachusetts] respecting the disposition of certain vessels cap- 
tured from the enemy. Signed J. R. Letter-book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 3, 948. 

1775. Reed, Joseph. Lt. col. and military .secretary to Washington. "Camp at 

Ot-t. -1. Cambridge." Letter to Col. [Benedict] Arnold [on the march 

toward Quebec] concerning cooperation with Schuyler in the 

expedition, the attitude of the Canadians &c. Signed J. R. 

Letter-book. 

Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 3, 947. 

1775. Washington, George. General and commander in chief . "CampatCam- 
Oct. 4. bridge." Letter to Capt. [Daniel] Morgan [on the road to 

Quebec] respecting the dispute about orders and his rank in the 
army. Signed G. W. Letter-book. 

Printed: Ford, Writings of Washington, 3, 1.55. Sparks, Writings of Wash- 
ington, 3, 11. Force, Amei. Arch. 4th. Ser., 3, 946. 



CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 19 

1775. Reed, Joseph. Li. col. and militari/ secretary to Wafthington. "Camp at 
Oct. 4. Cambridge." Letter to Col. [John] Glover [Marblehead, Massa- 

chusetts] respecting the disposition of certain vessels and the 
equipment of others for service against the enemy. Signed J. R. 
Letter-book. 
Printed: Fori-e, Anicr. Arch. 4th. Ser., 3, 91S. 

1775. Washing-ton, ( icorge. General and commander in chief. [Cambridge.] 
Oct. 5. Letter to H[unking] Wentworth, .Portsmouth [New Hampshire] 

respecting the disposition of supplies captured from the enemy. 
Unsigned . Letter-bool: 
Printeil: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 3, 96o. 

1775. Washington, (leorge. General and commander in chief. Cambridge. 
(.)ct. 5. Ijetter to (iovernor [Jonathan] Trumbull [Lebanon, Connecti- 

cut] respecting the situation at Boston and the departure of a 
British expedition probably directed against some town on the 
coast. Unsigned. Letter-hook. 

Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 3, 964. Mass. Hist. Soc. Coll. 5th. Ser., 
10, 4. 

1775. Reed, Joseph. Lt. col. and military secretary to Washington. "Camp at 
Oct. 5. Cambridge." Letter to Commissary [-general Joseph] Truml mil 

[Lebanon? Connecticut] respecting the expenses of the Commis- 
sary Department during the winter. (Signed J. R. Letter-book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 3, 965. 

1775. Washing-ton, George. General and commander in chief. "CampatCam- 
Oct. 5. ))ridge" Letter to Isaac Low, New York respecting the situa- 

tion at Boston and the departure of a British expedition proba- 
bly directed against some town on the coast. Signed G. W. 

Letter-book. 

Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 3, 964. 

1775. Washing'ton, (leorge. General and commander in chief. Cambridge. 

Oct. 5. Letter to Governor [Nicholas] Cooke [Providence? Rhode 

Island] respecting the situation at Boston, departure of a British 

expedition and methods of maintaining the American army. 

Unsigned. Letter-book. 

Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 3,964. 

1775. Washington, George. General and commander in clrief. " Head Quar- 
Oct. <i. ters" [Cambridge]. Letter to the President of t\\e Council of 

Massachusetts Bay [James Otis, Watertown] concerning scarcity 
of wood for the Army. Signed G. W. Letter-book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 3, 966. 

1775. Reed, Joseph. Lt. col. and military secretary to Wasliington. "Camp at 
Oct. 7. C;aml)ridge" Letter to Stephen Moylan, Salem or Marblehead 

[Massachusetts] respecting the shipment of flour from Ports- 
mouth, N. H., for the use of the American army. Signed J. R. 
Ljetter-book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 3, 967. 

1775. Reed, Joseph. Lt. col. and military secretary to Wasliington. "Camp at 
Oct. 7. Cambridge." Letter to H [unking] Wentworth, Portsmouth 

[New Hampshire] respecting the shipment of flour from Ports- 
mouth for the use of the American army. Signed J. R. Letter- 
book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. .\rch. 4th. Ser., 3, 967. 



20 CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 

1775. Reed, Joseph. Lt. col. and military secretary to Washington. Cambridge^ 
Oct. 11. Letter to Col. [John] Glover and Stephen Moylan, Marblehead 

or Salem [Massachusetts] respecting fitting out of armed vessels. 
Signed J. R. Letter-book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 3, 1016. 

1775. Reed, Joseph. Lt. col. and military secretary to Washington. "Head Quar- 
Oct. 12. ters" [Cambi-idge]. Letter to Capt. [Nicholas] Broughton [Mar- 

blehead, Massachusetts] respecting the enlistment of his crew, 
"dtd to Capt. [John] Sollman." Signed J. R. Letter-book. 
Printed: Force, Ataer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 3, 1016. 

1775. Reed, Joseph. Lt. col. and military secretary to Washington. "Head 
Oct. 12. Quarters" [Cambridge]. Letter to Col. [John] Glover [Salem or 

Marblehead, Massachusetts] respecting the distribution of prize- 
money in case of captures. Signed J. R. Letter-book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 3, 1037. 

1775. 'Wasliing'ton, George. General and commander in chief. "CampatCam- 
Oct. 13. bridge." Letter to" Governor [Jonathan] Trumbull [Lebanon? 

Connecticut] respecting a British fleet and Arnold's expedition. 
Signed G. W. Letter-book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 3, 10.55. 

1775. Washington, George. General and commander in chief . "CampatCam- 

Oct. 13. bridge." Letter to the President of the Provincial Congress at 

New York [Nathaniel Woodhull] respecting recent news from 

England and the sailing of a British fleet from Boston for the 

northern coast. Signed G. W. Letter-book. 

Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 3, 1293. 

[1775.] Washington, George. General and commander in chief. [Cambridge.]' 
Oct. 13. Letter to Governor [Nicholas] Cooke [Providence, Rhode Island] 

respecting the capture of British ordnance stores, sailing of a 
British fleet and action of Congress. Unsigned. Letter-book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 3, 1055. 

1775. Reed, Joseph. Lt. col. and military secretary to Washington. "Camp" 
Oct. 13. [Cambridge]. Letter to Committee [of Safety] of Plymouth 

[Massachusetts] respecting the equipment of a privateer. Signed 
J. R. Letter-book. 

Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 3, 1057. 

• 

1775. Washington, George. General and commander in chief. "Camp at 
Oct. 15. Cambridge." Letter to William Whipple [Portsmouth, New 

Hampshire] respecting the disposition of a cargo of flour captured 
from the British. Signed G. W. Letter-book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 3, 970. 

[1775.] Reed, Joseph. Lt. col. and military secretary to Washington. [Cam- 
Oct. 15. bridge.] Letter to Stephen Moylan [Portsmouth, New Hamp- 

shire] respecting the disposition of a cargo of flour captured from, 
the British; urges haste. Signed J. R. Letter-book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 3, 970. 

1775. Washington, George. General and commander in chief. [Cambridge.] 
Oct. 16. Letter to Col. [John] Glover and Stephen Moylan, Marblehead 

[Massachusetts] respecting the mission and equipment of priva- 
teers commanded by [Nicholas] Broughton and [John] Sellimau 
[Selman]. Unsigned. Letter-book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 3, 1075. 



CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 21 

1775. Jones, Pearson. Falmouth. [jNIassachusetts, now Portland, Maine.] 
■Oct. 16. Deposition concerning the destruction of Falmouth. Letter-hook. 

Printfd: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. .Ser., 3, 131C. 

1775. Reed, Joseph. Lt.col. and military secretarj/ to Washington. [Cambridge.] 
Oct. 17. Letter to Capt. Ephraim Bowen [jr., Plymouth, Massachusetta] 

concerning commanders and titting out of armed vessels. Signed 
J. R. Letter-book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. .Scr., 3, 1083. 

1775. Reed, Joseph. Lt. col. and military secretary to Washington. "Head 
Oct. 17. (Quarters." [Cambridge] Letter to Rev. [Sanuiel] West [Plym- 

outh, Mas.sachu.setts]. The General [Washington] has received 
his letter of the 11th. instant; [ ] Pierpont was mistaken about 
the horse; it was simply loaned as an accommodation; under- 
stands he is to return to the Army; may keep the horse till then. 
Signed J. R. Letter-book. 

1775. Reed, Joseph. Lt. col. and military secretary to Washington. "Head 
Oct. 17. C^iiiirters." [Cambridge] Letter to William Watson, Plymouth 

[Massachusetts] respecting the fitting out of privateers. Letter- 
book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 3, 1083. 

1775. Reed, Joseph. Lt. col. and military secretary to Washington. "Head 
Oct. 19. (Quarters. " [Cambridge] Letter to Col. [John] Glover, Marble- 

head [Massachusetts] respecting the titting out of privateers. 
Signed J. R. Letter-book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 3, 1084. 

1775. Reed, Joseph. Lt. col. and niilitary secretary to Washington. "Head- 
Oct. 19. Quarters" [Cambridge]. Letter to C'ajtt. [Nicholas] Broughton 

[^larblehead ? ^Massachusetts] warning him against falling in with 
certain British ships. Unsigned. Letter-book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 3, 1109. 

1775. Reed, Joseph. Lt. col. and military secretary to Washington. [Cambridge.] 
Oct. 19. Letter to Stephen Moy Ian [Salem, Massachusetts]. Sends money; 

no news from Canada; urges the hurrying off of the armed vessels. 
Unsigned. Letter-hook. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arcli. 4th. Ser., 3, 1109. 

1775. Washington, (ieorge. General and commander in chief. [Cambridge.] 
•Oi;t. 19. Letter to Major [Christopher] Freni-h [Hartford? Connecticut]. 

Has received his letter of — instant; Dr. [Benjamin] Franklin 
is in camp and, when other matters will permit, will consult with 
him on the question of wearing swords; the Philadelphia gentle- 
men state that the subject was ignored by them; can not continue 
this correspondence for want of time, but will take pleasure in 
making his "situation as comfortable & convenient as My Duty 
will Allow." Unsigned. Letter-hook. 

1775. "Washing-ton, George. General and com mcnider in chief. " Head Quarters 
Oct. 20. Cambridge." Orders to Major Benjamin Tupper [in camp?] 

directing that the two vessels now at Martha's Vineyard and 
belonging to Holmes & Coffin, be seized. Signed G. W. Letter- 
book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 3, 1125. 



22 CALENDAK OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS, 

1775. Reed, Joseph. IJ. rol. and military secretary to Washington. "Head 

Oct. 20. Quarters." [Cambridge] Letter to Capt. [Ephraim] Bowen jr., 

Plymouth [Massachusetts]. His Excellency [Washington] 

approves his conduct; instructions regarding the fitting out of 

armed vessels. Letter-hook. 

Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th, Ser., 3, 1125. 

1775. Reed, Joseph. Lt. rol. and military secretary to Washington. "Camp at 
Oct. 20. Cambridge." Letter to the Committee [of Safety] of Bristol 

[Massachusetts]. General [Washington] is fitting out arnifl 
vessels at Plymouth to intercept enemy's supplies; asks that Cap . 
[Ephraim] Bowen [jr.] lie furnished assistance. Signed J. Ic. 
Letter-book. 
Printed: Force, Amor. Arch. 4th. Ser., 3, 1126. 

1775. Reed, Joseph. Lt. rol. and military secretary to Washington. "Head 
Oct. 20. Quarters." [Cambridge] Letter to Committee [of Safety] of 

Plymouth [Massachusetts] asking by direction of Gen. Washing- 
ton for powder and assistance to Capt. [Ephraim] Bowen [jr.] 
for the armed vessels being fitted out. Signed J. R. Letter-book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. .\rch. 4th. .Ser., 3, 1126. 

1775. Reed, Joseph. IJ. col. and military secretary to Washington. "Head 
Oct. 20. Quarters." [Cambridge] Letter to Col. [John] Glover and 

Stephen Moylan, Salem [Massachusetts] respecting a surgeon 
for the armed vessels; flag to be adopted for same; desires writ- 
ing paper. Signed J. R. Letter-book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Ar(?h. 4th. Ser., 3, 1126. 

1775. Washing'ton , George. General and commander in. chief. "Camp at 
Oct. 24. Cambridge" Letter to Nathaniel WoodhuU, New York enclos- 

ing deposition [concerning the burning of Falmouth]. Signed 
G. W. Letter-book. 

Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 3, 1316. 

1775. Wasliing'ton, George. General and commander in chief. "Camp at 
Oct. 24. Cambridge." Letter to Governor N[icholas] Cooke, [Provi- 

dence?] Rhode Island enclosing information of the highest 
importance. "A Letter in the same words was written to Gov- 
ernor Trumbull of Connecticut" Unsigned. Letter-book. 

Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 3, 1316. 

1775. Washing-ton, George. General and commander in chief. "Camp at 
Oct. 24. Cambridge." Letter to Committee of Falmouth, Casco Bay 

[now Portland, Maine] concerning their request for powder and 
troops. Signed G. W. Letter-book. 

Printed: Ford, Writings of Washington, 3, 1S2. Sparks, Writings of Wash- 
ington, 3, 130. Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 3, 1167. 

[1775.] Reed, Joseph. Lt. col. and military secretary to Washington. [Cam- 
[Oct. 24?] bridge.] Letter to James Otis [Watertown, Massachusetts]. 

After considering the enclosed paper the General [Washington] 
directs that he be informed that the prisoner is a person to be 
disposed of by the General Court [of 3Iassachusetts], having been 
captured by militia. Signed J. R. Letter-book. 



CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 23 

1775. Washing'toii, George, (general and rommander in chief. Cambridse. 
Oct. 25. Letter to Major [Christopher] French, Hartford [Connecticut] 

giving a final answer to his application to be allowed to wear his 
sword. Signed G. W. Letter-hook. 

Printed: Sparks, Writings of Washington, 8, 131. Force, Amer. Arch. 4th 
Ser., 3, 1197. 

1775. Reed, Joseph. Li. col. and military secretary to Wa.'<hington. "'Head 
Oct. 25. Quarters." [Cambridge.] Letter to Col. [John] Glover and 

Stephen Moylan, Salem or Marblehead [Massachusetts]. Instruc- 
tions for armed vessels; commissiaries to settle with agents etc. 
Signed J. R. Letter-book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. -Ith Ser., 3, 1182. 

1775. Reed, Joseph. Lt. col. and military secretary to Washington. "Camp at 

Oct. 26. Cam))ridge." Letter to Major [Benjamin] Tupper. The General 

thanks him for his diligence in the enterprise [capturing a brig 

and schooner at Martha's Vineyard]; orders him to take the 

vessels to Plymouth. Signed J. R. Letter-hook. 

Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th Ser., 3, 1198. 

1775. Reed, Joseph. Lt. col. and military secretary to Washington. "Camp at 
Oct. 26. Cambridge." Letter to William Watson, Plymouth [Massa- 

chusetts] respecting vessels captured by Major [Benjamin] Tup- 
per. Signed J. R. Letter-hook. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th Ser., 3, 1198. 

1775. Reed, Joseph. Lt. col. and military secretary to Washington. Roxbury 
Oct. 26 [Massachusetts]. Letter to John Schollay [Scollay] and others, 

Selectmen of Boston. By direction of His Excellency [Wash- 
ington] acknowledges receipt of their letter to William Phillips; 
Col. [James] Robinson's [Robertson] request will be granted if 
Master [James] Lovell is set free. Unsigned. Letter-book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arcli. 4th Ser., 3, 1147. 

1775. Reed, Joseph. Lt. col. and military secretary to Washington. [Cambridge.] 
Oct. 29. Letter to Capt. [ ] Coit [Plymouth, Massachusetts] respecting 

armed vessels, distribution of prize money and other matters. 
Signed J. R. Letter-hook. 
Printed: Force, Amer, Arch. 4th Ser., 3, 1250. 

1775. Reed, Joseph. Lt. col. and military secretary to Washington. "Head 
Oct. 29. Quarters." [Cambridge] Letter to Capt. [Ephraim] Bowcn [jr.] 

respecting the movements and fitting out of armed vessels. 
Signed J. R. Letter-hook. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th Ser., 3, 1250. 

1775. Wash.ing'ton, George. Genercd and commander in cJtief. "Camp at Cam- 

Oct. 29. bridge." Letter to Governor Jonathan Trumbull [Lebanon, 

Connecticut]. Will send the minutes of the Conference with the 

Delegates of the Continental Congress; Dr. Cheney's misconduct. 

Signed G. W. Letter-book. 

* Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4tli. Ser., 3, 1240. 

1775. Wash.ing'ton, George. General and commander in cJiief. "Camp atCam- 

Oct. 29. bridge" Letter to Governor [Nicholas] Cooke [Providence, 

Rhode Island] respecting Capt. [Abraham] Whipple's intended 

voyage, vessels sent to the St. Lawrence river and the case of the 

Bermudians. Signed G. W. Letter-hook. 

Printed: Sparks, Writings of Washington, 3, 135. Ford, Writings of Wash- 
ington, 3, 187 (note). Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 3, 1250. 



24 CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 

1775. Reed, Joseph. Lt. aA. and military secretary to Wdxhington. [Cambridge.] 
Oct. 30. Letter to Col. [John] Glover and [Stephen] Moylan [Salem or 

Marblehead, Massachusetts]. Capt. [Daniel] Adams is ordered 
to march immediately; [Lt.] Col. [Williari] Burbeck is preparing 
the ammunition; in [Reed's] absence in Philadelphia they will 
address their communications to [Edmund] Randolph. Signed 
J. R. Letter-honk. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Areh. 4th. Ser., 3, liiti. 

[1775] Washing-ton, George. General and commander in chief . "CampatCam- 
Oct. [30.] bridge." Letter to James Warren [Watertown, Massachusetts]. 

Major [David] Mason rej^orts that a battery could be erected at 
Cape Ann "to the great Advantage and Security of the Place;" 
lack of artillery prevents supplying the material; suggests that 
the matter be laid before the House [of Representatives of Massa- 
chusetts]. Unsigned. Letter-hook. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 3, 125.'i. 

1775. Randolph, Edmund. Aid de camp to Washington. " Headqrs. Cam- 

Oct. 30. bridge." Letter to the Committee of Arundel [Massachusetts]. 

Sends thanks of His Excellency [Washington] for returning the 

names of six persons unnecessarily absenting themselves from the 

Army. Signed E. R. Letter-hook. 

Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 3, 1255. 

1775. Randolph, Edmund. Aid de camp to Washincjlon. "Head Quarters, 
Oct. 31. Cambridge." Letter to [Capt.] Ephraim Bowen, jr., Plymouth 

[Massachusetts]. Gen. Washington approves of his assiduity in 
procuring cannon; Governor's [Nicholas Cooke of Rhode Island?] 
order should be returned and a new one procured; wishes infor- 
mation when anything worthy of attention occurs. Letter-hook. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser. 3, 1265. 

1775. Washing-ton, George. General and commander in clvief. "CampatCam- 
Ndv. 2. bridge" Letter to Governor [Jonathan] Trumbull [Lebanon, 

Connecticut]. Can give no assistance owing to the lack of engi- 
neers in the Army; encloses copy of proceedings of the conference 
with the Committee of Congress; congratulates him on the recovery 
of the Commissary-general [Joseph Trumlnill]. Signed (i. W. 
Letter-hook. 

Printed: Sparks, Writings of Washington, 3, 13S. Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 
3, 1335. 

1775. Washing-ton, George. General and commander in chief . "CampatCani- 
Nov. 2. bridge." Letter to Governor [Nicholas] Cooke [Providence, 

Rhode Island] respecting beef and jriork for the Army. Signed 
G. W. Letter-hook. 

Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 3, 1335. 

1775. Washington, George. General and commander in chief . "CampatCam- 
Nov. 2. bridge." Letter to Joseph Trumbull [Lebanon, Connecticut] 

respecting financial matters. Signed G. AV. Letter-hook. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 3, 1336. 



CALENDAK OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 25 

1775. Moylan, Stephen. Secretari/ to Washingfon. "Plead Quarters" [Cam- 
JSTov. 2. bridge]. Letter to William Watson, Plymouth [^lassachusetts]. 

Has received by IMajor [Benjamin] Tupper his letter of the 30th 
ult. ; as [Watson] thinks Dartmouth safer than Plymouth, desires 
the vessels to be laid up there; perishable part of cargo to be sold 
at once; vessels and rigging to be appraised and cargoes stored 
until further orders; directs suspension of fitting out more vessels 
on account of lateness of the season; is impatient for his orders to 
march the company for the ship Woi^hingtun; is to order forms for 
the guns sent that cartridges may be made; wishes to know the 
quantity of ammunition, sorts, etc. Signed S. M. Letter-hook. 
Letter is crossert out and at the beginning and end is written: "(Not sent)" 

1775. Washing'tGn, George. General and commnnder in chief. Cambridge. 
Nov. 2. Letter to James Warren [Watertown, Massachusetts] respecting 

scarcity of wood for the Army. Signed G. W. Letter-book. 

Printed: Force, Anier. Areh. 4th. Ser., 3, 1335. Ford, Writings of Washington, 
3, 195. 

1775. Moylan, Stephen. Secretary to Washington. Cambridge. Letter to a 
Nov. 4. Committee of the Council of Massachusetts: James Bowdoin, Col. 

[James] Otis, William Sever and Walter Spooner [Watertown]. 
[Joseph] Reed's private affairs called him to Philadelphia; is 
directed by His Excellency [Washington] to inform them that 
for that reason a copy of the minutes of the late conference [with 
a Committee from Congress] was not sent; encloses same. "A 
Copy of the above was sent to Matthew Thornton Esqr — President 
of the Convention of New Hampshire — 4th. Novr. 1775 — " Signed 
S. :\L Letter-book. 

1775. Moylan, Stei)hen. Secretartj to Washington. Cambridge. Letter to the 
Nov. 4. Committee of Safety of Dedham [Massachusetts] concerning 

David Parker's release from custody. Signed S. M. Letter-book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 3, 13.5'2. 

1775. Moylan, Stephen. Secretary to Wa.'ihington. "Camp." [Cambridge] 
Nov. 4. Letter to David Parker [Dedham, Massachusetts]. By His Ex- 

cellency's [Washington] command has informed the Committee 
of Dedham that there is no objection to his release. Signed S. M. 
Letter-book. 
Printed: Force, AnuT. Arch. 4th. Ser., 3, 1352. 

1775. Moylan, Stephen. Secretary to Washington. "Head Quarters." [Cam- 
Nov. 4. bridge] Letter to Samuel Goodwin [Pownalborough, Vermont] 

respecting a route into Canada. Signed S. M. Letter-book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 3, 1353. 

1775. Moylan, Stephen. Secretary to Washington. Cambridge. Letter to Capt. 
Nov. 5. [William] Bartlett [Beverly, ^tlassachusetts]. Directions con- 

cerning the disposition of his capture. Signed S.M. Letter-hook. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 3, 13(js. 

1775. Moylan, Stephen. Secretary to W((shington. "Head Quarters." [Cam- 
Nov. t). bridge] Letter to William Watson [Plymouth, Massachusetts] 

concerning Major [Benjamin] Tupper's captured ves.sels; instruc- 
tions and hopes respecting the armed vessels. Signed S. M. 
Letter-hook. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 3, 1377. 



26 CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 

1775. Moylan, Stephen. Secretary to Wa>ihington. "Head Quarters." [Cam- 
Nov. 6. bridge] Letter to William Watson [Plymouth, Massachusetts] 

respecting captured vessels and fitting out privateers. Signed 
S. M. Letter-book. 
Printed: Force, Amir. Arch. 4th. Ser., 3. 1377. 

1775. 'Wasliing'ton, George. General and commander la chief. Cambridge. 
Nov. 6. Letter to Enoch Moody, Falmouth [now Portland, Maine], re- 

gretting that he cannot grant the assistance requested. Signed 
G. W. Letter-book. 

Printed: Force, Amer.Arcli. 4th. Ser., 3, 1377. Sparks,Writingsof Washington, 
3, 144. Ford, Writings of Washington, 3, 199 (note). 

1775. Washington, George. General and commander in cliief. Cambridge. 

Nov. 6. Letter to Col. Edmund Phinney, Falmouth [Massachusetts, now 

Portland, Maine] ordering him to raise troops to prevent the 

landing of a force from the Cerberus. Signed G. W. Letter-booh. 

Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 3, 1377. 

1775. Washington, George. General and commander in chief. Cambridge. 
Nov. 6. Letter of instructions to Col. Edmund Phinney [Falmouth, now 

Portland, Maine] ordering him to raise troops to jjrevent a land- 
ing of the British. Contemporary copy by Edmund Randolph 
and signed by him Go. Washington. 1 p. Q°. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 3, 1377. 

1775. Moylan, Stephen. Secretary to Washington. Cambridge. Letter to John 
Nov. 8. Brown, Providence [Rhode Island] respecting powder and can- 

non. Letter-book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 3, 1406. 

1775. Moylan, Stephen. Secretary to Washington. Cambridge. Letter to Wil. 
Nov. 8. liam Watson, Plymouth [Massachusetts] respecting sale of prize 

cargoes and movements of armed vessels. Signed S. M. Letter- 
book. 

Printed: Force. Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 3, 1406. 

1775. Moylan, Stephen. Secretary to Wcushington. Cambridge. Letter to Capt. 
Nov. 8. Ephraiin Bo wen [jr.], Plymouth [Massachusetts] respecting 

prizes brought in by Capt. [ ] Coit, Capt. [Lion] Martindale's 
crew and other matters. Letter-book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 3, 1406. 

1775. Washington, George. General and commander in chief. Cambridge. 
Nov. 9. Letter to James Warren [Watertown], Massachusetts concerning 

measures to prevent the spread of smallpox; James South wicke's 
case. Letter-book. 

Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 3, 1510. 

1775. Moylan, Stephen. Secretary to Washington. Cambridge. Letter to 
Nov. 9. [Capt.] Jonathan Glover, Marblehead [Massachusetts] respecting 

the disposition of cargoes and crews of captured vessels. Letter- 
book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser.. 3, 1420. 

1775. Harrison, Robert Hanson. Lt. col. and aid de camp to Washington. Cam- 
Nov. 9. bridge. Letter to Capt. Jonathan Glover, Marblehead [Massa- 

chusetts] respecting the proposed capture of British transports. 
' ' Same to William Bartlett, Beverly, same to Joshua Went worth, 
Portsmouth. Wm. Watson, plymouth." Letter-book. 
Printed: Force, .\mer. Arch. 4tli. Ser., 3, 1420. 



CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 27 

1775. Moylan, Stephen. Secrdnrii to Wdsliingtoii. Cambridge. Memorandum 
Nov. 10. of (contents of a letter sent William Bartlett [Beverly]. Ordered 

him to detain goods etc. in the NortJi Briton; also sloop with fish 
etc. sent in by [Capt. Nicholas] Broughton; His Excellency 
[Washington] could not be troubled with disputes concerning the 
North Briton; requests the papers found on V)oard the schooner 
from Ireland sent to camp. Unsigned. Ltilfr-liook. 

1775. Moylan, Stephen. Secrrtary to Wai^kington. Cambridge. Letter to 
Nov. 10. James Warren [Watertown, Massachusetts] respecting the dispo- 

sition of certain vessels captured from the British. Lettir-lmok. 
rriiitorl: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 3, 1428. 

1775. Moylan, Stt'i)lu'n. Serrt'tari/ to Washington. Cambridge. Letter to the 
Nov. 10. Chairman [Mark Wentworth] of Committee of Newbury Port 

[Massachusetts,] respecting the maintenance of friendships with 
the Penobscot Indians. Signed S. M. Letter-hook. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 3, 1429. 

1775. Moylan, Stephen. tSecretary to Washington. Cambridge. Letter to Capt. 
Nov. 11. Jonathan Glover, Marblehead, [Massachusetts,] respecting the 

seizure of an American vessel by Capt. [John] Maidey. Letter- 
hook. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 'A, 1537. 

1775. Moylan, Stephen. Secretary to Washington. Letter to William Bartlett, 
Nov. 11. Beverly, [Massachusetts,] advising the avoidance of all disputes 

with colonial authorities over the disposition of captured vessels. 
Letter-hook. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 3, 1537. 
1775. Harrison, Robert Hanson. Lt. col. and aid de camp to Wasldngton. Cam- 
N<)V. 12. bridge. Letter to Col. Loammi Baldwin, Chelsea, [Massachu- 

setts,] giving directions to be followed in seizing cattle for the 
Army. Signed R. H. H. Letter-hook. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 3, 1539. 
1775. "Wash-ing-ton, George. General and connnander in chief. Cambridge. 
Nov. 12. Letter to Governor [Jonathan] Trumbull, [Lebanon,] Connecti- 

cut, and Governor [Nicholas] Cooke, [Providence,] Rhode Island, 
respecting the steps to be taken by the colonies in opposition to 
the tyrannical action of Great Britain. Unsigned. Ljetter-hook. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 3, 1538. 
1775. Moylan, Stephen. Secretary to Washington. Cambridge. Letter to Wil- 
Nov. 16. liam Watson, Plymouth, [Massachusetts,] respecting the exami- 

nation of Charles and Jonathan C'offin and Sibelino White. 
Signed S. M. Letter-hook. 

Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 3, 15()8. 
1775. Harrison, Robert Hanson. Lt. col. and aid de canqt to ]V<i.'<hington. ("am- 
Nov. 16. bridge. Letter to Chairman of Committee of Safety of North- 

ampton, [Massachusetts,] respecting the treatment of certain 
British naval officers held as prisoners. Letter-hook. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 3, 1509. 
1775. Washington, George. General and commander in chief. Camljridge. 
Nov. 16. Letter to the President of the New York Provincial Assembly 

[Nathaniel Woodhull, New York,] respecting military stores for 
the Army. Signed G. W. Letter-hook. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Anli. 4tli. Ser.. 3, ir)iis. 



28 CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 

1775. Washing-ton, George. General and commander in chief. Camljridge. 
Nov. 17. Letter to Maj. Gen. [Artemas] Ward [Roxbury, Massachusetts], 

^^.nticipates a sally from Boston; suggests the construction of bat- 
teries and the surprise of Castle William. Signed G. W. Letter- 
book. 

Printed: Foroe, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser.,3, 1593. Ford, Writings of Washington, 
3, 222. Sparks, Writings of Washington, 3, 161. 

1775. Moylan, Stephen. Secretary to Washington. Cambridge. Letter to 
Nov. 17. William Watson, Plymouth, [Massachusetts,] respecting the 

equipment and sailing of Capt. [ ] Coit's privateer. Signed 
S. M. Letter-book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. -Ith. Ser., 3, 1.594. 

1775. "Washing'ton, George. General and commander in chief. Cambridge. 
Nov. IS. Letter to Governor [Nicholas] Cooke, [Providence, Rhode 

Island,] respecting the disposition and payment of the Rhode 
Island colonial troops; congratulations on his election as Gov- 
ernor. Letter-book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 3, 1604. 

1775. Moylan, Stephen. Secretary to Washington. Cambridge. Letter to 
Nov. 18. William Watson, Plymouth, [Massachusetts,] respecting the dis- 

position of a cargo captured by an armed vessel. Signed S. jNI. 
Jjetter-book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 3, 1604. 

1775. Washing'ton, George. General and commander in chief. Camljridge. 
Nov. 24. Letter to the Committee of the Council [of ]\Iassachusetts], 

Watertown, respecting Capt. Aaron Willard's mission to Nova 
Scotia. Signed G. W. Letter-book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 3, 1665. 

1775. Moylan, Stephen. Secretary to Wa.'iliingion. Cambridge. Letter to 
Nov. 24. Samuel Freeman, Falmouth, [Massachusetts now Portland, 

Maine,] respecting the defence of Falmouth. Signed S. M. 
Letter-book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4tli. Ser., 3, 1666. 

1775. Moylan, Stephen. Secretary to Washington. Cambridge. Letter to 
Nov. 27. [John Brown, Providence, Rhode Island,] respecting the pur- 

chase of powder and the withdrawal of troops from Rhode Island. 
Signed S. M. Letter-book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 3, 1688. 

1775. Moylan, Stephen. Secretary to Wasliington. Cambridge. Memorandum 
Nov. 27. of a letter to the Committee of Safety of Stonington, [Connecti- 

cut,] inquiring into the case of the sloop Warren, Capt. [ ] 
Denny, taken by [Capt. Nicholas] Broughton and [Capt. John] 
Sillman [Selman] in the Gut of Canso [Nova Scotia]. Unsigned. 
Letter-book. 

1775. Moylan, Stephen. Secretary to Washington. Cambridge. Memorandum 
Nov. 27. of a letter to Jonathan Glover [Marblehead, Massachusetts]. 

Glover, [Capt. John] Manley and the owner of the sloop retaken 
from the enemy, and of which [ ] McGlethry was captain, 
are to settle salvage so that the General [Washington] will have 
no bother about it. Unsigned. Letter-book. 



CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 29^ 

1775. Harrison, Robert Ilans^on. Lt. col. and aid de camp to Washington. 
Nov. 28. Cambridge. Letter to Maj. Gen. [Artemas] Ward, [Roxbnry, 

Massachusetts, ] respecting the reenhstment of Connecticut troops. 
Signed R. H. H. Letter-book. 

Printed: Force, Aiiier. Arch. Ith Scr., :?, 170:5. 

1775. Washing'ton, George, (loientl and c.oinniunder in chief. Cambridge. 

Nov. 29. Letter to the Speaker of the House of Representatives of Massa-^ 

cliusetts, [James Warren, Watertown,] respecting leaves of 

absence from the Army and decision of Massachusetts regarding 

monthly payment of troops. Unsigned. Letter-hook. 

Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th Ser., 3, 1711. 

1775. Harrison, Robert Hanson. Lt. col. and aid de camp to WaKliintjton. 
[Nov. .%.] [Cambridge.] Invoice of stores on British ship Xanci/, captured 

Ijy Capt. [John] ^lanley; "Compared and Examined by the origl. 
Invoice sent to Boston to Gen'l. Ward the 23 June 1776. to have 
the stores valued & found to be a true copy. Robt. H. Harrison." 
[Goods were appraised by Henry Bromfield esq. and Wm. Davis 
to £20,530 18s. 2d.] I). S. 7 pp. F°. 

Enclosed in a letter of Nov. 30, Washington to Congress read Dec. 11, 1775. 
Printed with accompanying letter: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th Ser., 3, 1721. 

See also: Xaiici/, Invoice of stores on 177.'), .July 2(). 

1775. Washington, George. General and cominander in chief. Cambridge. 
Nov. 30. Letter to John Hancock [Philadelphia,] respecting prizes taken 

l)y Captains [John] Manley and [Daniel] Adams. Unsigned. 
Letter-hook. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4tli Ser., 3, 17'21. 

1775. Moylan, Stephen. Secretary to Washington. Cambridge. Letter to Col. 
Dec. 1. Joshua Wentworth [Portsmouth,] respecting disposition of prizes 

taken from the British l)y American armed vessels. Signed S. M. 
Letter-hook. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 4, 152. 

1775. Moylan, Stephen. Secretary to Washington. Cambridge. Letter to 
Dec. 1. William Watson, Plymouth, [Massachusetts,] respecting the 

mutinuous spirit of sailors, fitting out of armed vessels and [Cai)t. 
Lion] Martindale's affairs. Signed S. M. Letter-book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 4, 152. 

1775. Moylan, Stephen. Secretary to Washington. Cambridge. Letter to- 
Dee. 2. William Bartlett, Beverly, [Massachusetts,] i-especting the seizure 
of the sloop I'hehe by Capt. [Nicholas] Broughton. Signed S. M. 
Letter-book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 4, 158. 

1775. Moylan, Stephen. Secretary to Washington. Cambridge. Letter to 

Dec. 2. William Bartlett and Capt. John Glover [Beverly, INIassachu- 

setts,] respecting the case of Capt. [ ] Hunter and crew. 
Signed S. M. Letter-book. 

Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 4, 158. 

1775. Wasliing'ton, George. General and commander in chief. Cambridge. 
Dec. 4. Letter to Col. Alexander McDougall [New York,] urging him ta 

forward cannon for the army. Unsigned. Letter-ljook. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arcli. 4th. Scr., 4. 178. 



30 CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANURCRIPTS. 

1775. Moylan, Stephen. Secretary to Washingtrm. Camliridge. Letter to Jona- 
Dec. 4. than Glover and William Bartlett [Beverly, Massachusetts,] 

respecting the "capture of British merchant vessels. Unsigned. 
Letfer-booJc. 

Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 4, 179. 

1775. Harrison, Robert Hanson. Lt. col. and <ti.d de camp to Washington. Cam- 
Dec. 4. bridge. Letter to William Palfrey [Portsmouth, New Hamp- 
shire,] respecting the disposal of ships and cargoes taken from 
the British. Signed R. H. H. Letter-bool: 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 4, 178. 

1775. Harrison, Robert Hanson. Lt. col. and aid de camp to Washington. Cam- 
Dec. 4. bridge. Letter to William Bartlett, Beverly, [Massachusetts,] 
respecting the vessel captured by Capt. [Nicholas] Broughton off 
Cape Ann. Signed R. H. H. Letter-book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 4, 178. 

1775. Moylan, Stephen. Secretary to WasJiington. "Head Quarters" [Cam- 
Dec. 5. bridge.] Letter to Capt. Peleg Wadsworth [Roxbury ? Massa- 
chusetts,] respecting the fortifications necessary for the defense 
of Cape Ann. Signed S. M. Letter-book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 4, 193 

1775. Moylan, Stephen. Secretary to Wasldngton. Cambridge. Letter to AVil- 
Dec. 5. liam Watson, Plymouth [Massachusetts]. Information and 

instructions to be given to the privateers now at Plymouth. 
Signed S. M. Letter-book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 4, 194. 

1775. Moylan, Stephen. Secretary to Washington. Cambridge. Letter to Com- 
Dec. 5. mittee of Safety, Salem, [Massachusetts,] respecting the brig 

Kingston Packet, Samuel Ingersoll, master, taken at Barington, 
Nova Scotia. Signed S. M. Letter-book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 4, 193. 

1775. Moylan, Stephen. Secretary to Washington. Cambridge. Letter to Wil- 
Dec. 6. liam Bartlett [Beverly, Massachusetts]. Sends £2000 for expenses 

attending military stores; orders him to pay all old charges and 
keep vouchers. Signed S. M. Letter-book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 4, 206. 

1775. Moylan, Stephen. Secretary to Washington. Cambridge. Letter to Tim- 
Dec. 6. othy Pickering jr., Salem, [IMassachusetts,] respecting the defence 
of the town of Salem. Signed S. M. Letter-book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 4, '206. 

1775. Moylan, Stephen. Secretary to Wasldngton. Cambridge. Letter to John 

Dec. 8. Pickering, Salem, [Massachusetts,] respecting the capture and 

disposal of the prize {^Kingston Packet] . Signed S. M. Letter-book. 

See: Moylan, Stephen. Letter to Committee of Safety of Salem 177.5, Dec. 6. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 4, 221. 

1775. Moylan, Stephen. Secretary to Washington. Cambridge. Letter to Col. 
Dec. 8. [John] Glover [Marblehead, Massachusetts,] respecting the dis- 

position of certain vessels captured by American privateers. 
Signed S. M. Letter-book. 

Printed: Force, Amer. .\rch. 4th. Ser., 4, 221. 



CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 31 

1775. Harrison, Robert Hanson. Lt. ml. andaidde campto Washmgton. Cam- 
Dec. 8. bridge. Letter to Brig. Gen. [John] Thomas [Roxbury? Massa- 
chusetts,] respecting the rec^ommendatimi of Capt. [Simeon?] 
Hazleton. Signed R. H. H. LHter-hook. 
Priiitefi: Force, Amor. Arch. 4th. Ser., A, 221. 

1775. Moylan, Stephen. Secreturif to Washington. Cambridge. Letter to Wil- 
iX'c. 10. Ham Bartlett, Beverly, [Massachusetts,] respecting prizes taken. 

Signed S. M. Letter-book. 

Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 4, 230. E.xtract, Foni, Writiug-s of 
^VashingtoIl, 3, 271 (note). 

1775. Moylan, Stephen. tSecretxtry to Washington. [Cambridge.] Letter to 
Dec. 10. William Bartlett [Beverly, Massachusetts,] respec;ting prizes; 

Capt. [Daniel] Adams is to cruise while his new sails are l)eing 
made. Unsigned. Letter-hook. 
Printed: Force, .\mer. Arch. 4tli. Ser.. 4, 231. 

1775. Wasning'ton, George. General and commander in chief. Cambridge. 
Dec. 10. Letter to James Otis [Watertown, Massachusetts,] respecting a 

letter from Thomas Crafts [jr.] and the prevalence of smallpox 
in Boston. Unsigned. Jjetter-hook. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 4, 1229. 

1775. Harrison, Robert Hanson. Lt. col. and aid decamp to Washington. Cam- 
Dec. 11. bridge. Letter to Thomas Crafts jr.. Maiden [Massachusetts]. 
His Excellency [Washington] wishes him to accept the vacant- 
Majority in the regiment of artillery. Unsigned. letter-book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 4, 236. 

1775. Washing-ton, George. General and commander in chief. Caml)ridge. 
Dec. 11. Letter to the Committee [of Safety] of Simsbury [Symsl)ury, 

Connecticut,] respecting prisoners. Unsigned. Letter-book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 4, 23.5. 

1775. Harrison, Robert Hanson. Lt. col. andciid decamp to WasJtington. Cam- 
Dec. 11. l)ridge. Letter to Maj. Gen. [Artemas] Ward [Roxlmry, Massa- 
chusetts,] respecting prisoners. Signed R. H. Letter-book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 4, 236. 

1775. Harrison, Robert Hanson. Lt. col. and aid de camj>to Washington. Cam- 
Dec. 12. bridge. Memorandum of a letter sent Dr. [John] Wheeler 
[Wheelock, Hanover? Pennsylvania,] respecting Major [Robert] 
Rogers. Unsigned. Letter-book. 

Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 4, 249. 

1775. Harrison, Robert Hanson. Lt. col. <(nd aid de camp to Washington. Cam- 
Dec. 12. bridge. Letter to Rev. Dr. Ezra Stiles, Newport, [Rhode Island,] 
acknowledging receipt of the " History of America." Unsigned. 
Letter-book. 

Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 4, 249. 

1775. Harrison, Robert Hanson. Lt. col. and aid decamp to Wa.^hlngtun. Cam- 
Dec. 13. l)ri(lge. Letter to Col. [Loammi] Baldwin, Chelsea, [Massachu- 
setts,] respecting danger to army from smallpox by persons com- 
ing out of Boston. Unsigned. L^etter-book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 4, 255. 



32 CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 

1775. Moylan, Stephen. Secretanj to WasJnngion. Cambridge. Letter to Wil- 
Dec. 13. liam Watson [Plymouth, ^Massachusetts] . Capt. [John] yian- 

ley's activity; Capt. [Lion] Martindale has been captured. 
LTnsigned. Letter-hook. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 4, 255. 

1775. Moylan, Stephen. Secretary to Washington. Cambridge. Letter to Coh 
Dec. 14. Josltua W^entworth [Portsmouth, New Hampshire,] respecting 

d'sposal of cargo of sloop Rainho^r, the two vessels in Winter Har- 
bor and other matters. Unsigned. Letter-book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arcli. 4th. Ser., 4, 2(35. 

1775. Harrison, Robert Hanson. Lt. col. and aid decamp to WasJungton. Cam- 
Dec. 15. bridge. Memorandum of a letter to William Bartlett, Beverly, 
[Massachusetts,] respecting cannon and powder. Unsigned. 
Letter-book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 4, 2,S4. 

1775. Moylan, Stephen. Secretary to Washington. Cambridge. Letter to Wil- 
Dec. 15. liam Bartlett, Beverly, [Massachusetts,] concerning disposition 

of cargoes of prizes. LTnsigned. Letter-book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 4, 284. 

1775. Moylan, Stephen. Secretary to Wanhington. Cambridge. Letter to Wil- 
Dec. 15. liam Bartlett [Beverly, Massachusetts,] respecting stealing from 

cargoes of prizes. Unsigned. Letter-hook. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arcli. 4th. Ser., 4, 285. 

1775. Harrison, Robert Hanson. Lt.col.andaiddecamptoWasliington. Cam- 
Dec. 16. bridge. Letter to Ruth Tiley [Tilley], New Haven, [Connecti- 
cut,] respecting the exchange of [Ensign Edward?] Tiley [Tilley] . 
Unsigned. Letter-hook. 

Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 4, 291 (as to Mrs. Ruth Tilly). 

1775. Washing'ton, George. General and commander in chief. Cambridge. 
Dec. 17. Letter to Governor [Nicholas] Cooke [Providence, Rhode Island,] 

respecting removal of cattle from Block Island and intelligence 
from Boston. Unsigned. Letter-book. 

Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 4, 298. Ford, Writings of Washing- 
ton, 3, 284 (note). 

1775. Washington, George. General and commander in chief. [Cambridge.] 
Dec. 17. Information out of Boston: "Chelsea. Dec. 16, 1775." Mortar 

planted on Bunker Hill, scarcity of provisions in town and sailing 
of troops for Halifax. Unsigned. Letter-hook. 

Enclosed in Washington, George Letter to Nicholas Cooke 1775, Dee. 17. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 4, 291 (as enclosure in letter to John 
Hancock, President, Continental Congress). 

1775. "Washington, George. General and commander in chief. Cambridge. 
Dec. 17. Letter to Governor [Jonathan] Trumbull [Lebanon, Connecti- 

cut,] respecting movements of the British. Unsigned. Letter- 
book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 4, 298. 

1775. Washington, George. General and commander in chief. Cambridge. 
Dec. 17. Letter to Maj. Gen. [Artemas] Ward [Roxbury, Massachusetts,] 

respecting applications for liberty to go to the lines. Unsigned. 
Letter-hook. 

Printed: Force, Amer. .\rch. 4th. Ser., 4, 29^'.. 



CALENDAE OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 33 

1775. Moylan, Stephen. Saretanj to Washington. Cambridge. Letter to Jon- 
Dec. 19. athan Glover, Marblehead [Massachusetts]. Order to deliver 
up to owners vessels sent in by [Capt. Nicholas] Broughton and 
[Capt. John] Sillman [Selnian]. Unsigned. Letter-book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. .\reh. Ith. Ser., 4, 357. 

1775. Harrison, Robert Hanson. Lt. cdl. cmd aid de camp to Washington. Cam- 
Dec. 20. bridge. Letter to Col. [Loammi] Baldwin, Chelsea, [Massachu- 
setts,] respecting [ ] Wiber's application to bring his family 
and others out of Boston. Unsigned. Letter-hook. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 4, 360. 

1775. Harrison, Robert Hanson. Lt. rol. (iit.d,<udde ca,inp loWitshirujtu'n. Cam- 
Dec. 21. bridge. Letter to Brig. Gen. [Jcjseph] Sjjencer, Roxbury, [Mas- 
sachusetts,] respecting [William] Peck's appointment as Adjutant 
of Col. [Jedediah] Huntington's regiment. Unsigned. Leiter- 
hook. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 4, 376. 

1775. Harrison, Robert Hanson. Lt. col. and aid de camp to Washington. Cam- 
Dec. 21. bridge. Letter to Maj. Gen. [Artemas] Ward, Roxbury, [Massa- 
chusetts,] respecting [Lt. Henry] Champion's letter and prisoners 
to be sent to Simsbury [Symsbury]. Unsigned. Letter-hook. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser.. 4, 376. 

1775. Harrison, Robert Hanson. Lt. cul. and aid de camp loWasliington. Cam- 
Dec. 23. bridge. Letter to Col. [Thomas] Church, [Prospect Hill?] grant- 
ing permission to include Dr. [Ebenezer] Richmond in his 
abstract, as surgeon from Sept. 21. Unsigned. Letter-hook. 
Printed: Force, .\mer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 4, 44,S. 

1775. Washington, George. General and commander in chief. Cambridge. 

Dec. 23. Letter to James Warren [Watertown, Massachusetts,] respecting 

the scarcity of blankets for the army. Signed G. W. Letter-hook. 

Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 4, 448. Ford, Writings of Wa.shingtoii, 

3, 293 (note). 

1775. Harrison, Robert Hanson. Lt. col. and aid de camp to Washington. Cam- 
Dec. 25. bridge. Letter to Maj. Gen. [Artemas] Ward [Roxbury, Massa- 
chusetts,] directing that the hay on the marsh be removed or it 
will be burned. Unsigned. Letter-hook. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 4, 458. 

1775. Moylan, Stephen. Secretary to Washington. Cambridge. Letter to Wil- 
Dec. 25. liam Bartlett, Beverly [Massachusetts,]. Relates to need of corn 

and oats at camp; privateers. Signed S. M. Letter-hook. 
Printed: Force, Amer. .\rch. 4th. Ser., 4, 458. 

1775. Harrison, Robert Hanson. Lt. col. ayid aid de camp to Washington. Cam- 
Dec. 26. bridge. Letter to Brig. Gen. [John] Thomas [Roxbury, Massa- 
chusetts,] respecting the appointment of the two persons recom- 
mended for the Army. Unsigned. Letter-hook. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 4, 466. 
1775. Moylan, Stephen. Secretary to Washington. Cambridge. Memorandum 
Dec. 26. of a letter to Jonathan Glover [Marblehead, Massachusetts,] rel- 
tive to sloop Sally retaken by Capt. [Daniel] Adams. Unsigned. 
Letter-book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. ,4rcli. 4th. Ser., 4, 466. 

19108—01 3 



34 CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCEIPTS. 

1775. Moylan, Stephen. Secretary to Washington. Cambridge. Memorandum 
Dec. 26. of a letter to William Watson [Plymouth, Massachusetts]. Appli- 

cation has been made to [Maj.] Gen. [Robert] Howe for an 
exchange of prisoners. Unsigned. Letter-book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 4, 400. 

1775. Moylan, Stephen. Secretary to Washington. Cambridge. Memorandum 
Dec. 28. of a letter to William Bartlett [Beverly, Massachusetts,] ordering 

advertisement of the sale of goods taken by the American armed 
vessels. Unsigned. Letter-hook. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch., 4th. Ser., 4, 460. 

[1775.] [Washington, George. ] General and commander in chief. [Cambridge?] 
Data [for constructing earthworks at Lechmere's Point and other 
places commanding Boston]. A. D. 1 p. F°. 

1776. Harrison, Robert Hanson. Lt. col. and aid de camp to Washington. Cam- 
Jan. 2. bridge. Letter to [Maj.] Gen. [Artemas] Ward [Roxbury, 

Massachusetts]. Orders guard sent to take charge of military 
stores at Squantum. Unsigned. Letter-book. 
Above letter is incorrectly dated 1775. Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. 
Ser., 4, 542. 

1776. Washing-ton, George. General and commander in chief. Cambridge. 

Jan. 3. Letter to Jonathan Glover, Marblehead, [Massachusetts,] William 

Bartlett, Beverly and William Watson, Plymouth, enclosing a 

resolve of Congress regarding the capture of prizes bj"^ American 

armed vessels. Unsigned. Letter-book. 

Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 4, 563. 

1776. Moylan, Stephen. Secretary to Washington. [Cambridge.] Memoran- 
Jan. 7. dum of a letter to William Watson [Plymouth, Massachtisetts, ] 

concerning Capt. [ ] Coif s schooner. Unsigned. Letter-book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 4, 596. 

1776. Moylan, Stephen. Secretary to Washington. [Cambridge.] Memorandum 
Jan. 8. of letter sent to William Bartlett [Beverly, Massachusetts,] 

respecting guns from Capt. [Richard?] Darby, belonging to the 
ship Lee. Unsigned. Letter-book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 4, 606. 

Moylan, Stephen. Secretary to Washington. [Cambridge.] Letter to 
[William Bartlett, Beverly, Massachusetts,] respecting fitting out 
of armed vessels. Unsigned. Letter-book. 

Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 4, 625 (over Harrison's signature) . 

Washington, George. General and commander in chief. Cambridge. 
Memorandum of letter to Col. [Joshua] Wentworth, Portsmouth, 
[New Hampshire,] respecting flour and potatoes taken in the 
ship Rainbow. Unsigned. Letter-book. 
Printed : Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser. , 4, 625. 

1776. Washington, George. General and commander in chief. Cambridge. 
Jan. 11. Memorandum of letter sent to Matthew Thornton, [Portsmouth,] 

New Hampshire. Acknowledges his letter of the 4th. inst., and 
gives assurances that [Col. David] Hobart's complaint will be 
inquired into when Col. [John] Stark returns to camp. Unsigned. 
Letter-book. 





17 


76. 


J 


an, 


. 10. 




17 


76. 


J 


an. 


. 10. 



CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 35 

1776. Washington, George. General and commander in chief. Cambridge. Let- 
Jan. VI. ter to [Brig.] Gen. [Richard] Montgomery [Canada]. The needs 
of the Army in powder, blankets, clothing etc. are great; hopes 
for a quantity from Quebec as soon as possible. Unsigned. Letter- 
hook. 
Prinlfd: Force, Amer. Aruh. 4th. Ser., 4, 657. 

1776. Washington, George. General and commander in chief . Cambridge. Let- 
Jan. 12. ter to Col. [Benedict] Arnold [Canada,] respecting conditions in 
Canada; congressional consideration of the new establishment of 
the Canadian army. Unsigned. Letter-book. 

Printed: Sparks, Writings of Washington, 3, 235. Ford, Writings of Washing- 
ton, 3, 334. 

1776. Harrison, Robert Hanson. Lt. col. and aid de camp to Washington. Cam- 
Jan. 14. bridge. Letter to [Col.] Joshua Wentworth, Portsmouth [New 
Hampshire]. Personal matters; hopes for the capture of store 
ships by "our cruizers." Unsigned. Letter-book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 4, 679. 

1776. Washington, George. General and commander in chief. Cambridge. Let- 
Jan. 15. ter to James Warren [Watertown, Massachusetts,] respecting 
account presented by Capt. [Peleg] Wadsworth. Signed G. W. 
Letter-book. 
Printed : Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser. , 4, 684. 

1776. Harrison, Robert Hanson. Lt. col. and aid decamp to Washington. Cam- 
Jan. 17. bridge. Letter to William Bartlett, Beverly, [Massachusetts,] 
allowing British seamen to serve on the armed vessels. Unsigned. 
Letter-book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 4, 709. 

1776. Harrison, Robert Hanson. Lt. col. and aid de camp to Washington. Cam- 
Jan. 20. bridge. Letter to William Bartlett, Plymouth, [Massachusetts,] 
respecting armed vessels, prizes etc. Signed R. H. Letter-book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 4, 793. 

1776. Harrison, Robert Hanson. Lt. col. and aid de camj) to Washington. Cam- 

Jan. 20. bridge. Letter to Joseph Denison, Stonington, [Connecticut,] 

respecting the capture of Capt. [ ] Denny's vessel. Unsigned. 
Letter-book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 4, 793. 

1 776. Harrison, Robert Hanson. Lt. col. and aid de camp to Washington. Cam- 
Jan. 20. bridge. Letter to Steven [Stephen] Moylan [Marblehead? Mas- 
sachusetts]. Private signals used by the King's ships; news from 
Canada. Signed R. H. H. Letter-book. 
Printed; Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 4, 793. 

1776. Harrison, Robert Hanson. Lt. col. and aid de camp to Washington. Cam- 
Jan. 20. bridge. Letter to Jonathan Jackson, Newburyport, [Massachu- 
setts,] acknowledging receipt of his letter of 16th. and other 
matters. Unsigned. Letter-book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 4, 793. 

1776. Harrison, Robert Hanson. Lt. col. and aid de camp to Washington. Cam- 
Jan. 24. bridge. Letter to the Committee of Safety of Northampton 
[Massachusetts,] respecting prisoners. Unsigned. Letter-book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 4, 846. 



36 CALENDAK OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 

1776. Gates, Horatio. Brig, and adj. gen., Continental army. "Head Quar- 
Jan. 24. ters," [Cambridge.] Letter to [Capt. E. H.] Stanhope [North-- 

ampton? Massachusetts, ] refusing his request to be allowed to go 
into Boston. Signed H. G. LetterThook. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 4, 847. 

1776. Moylan, Stephen. Secretary to Washington. Cambridge. Letter to Major 
Jan. 24. [Joseph?] Hawley [Berkshire, Massachusetts,] respecting the 

raising of troops in Hampshire and Berkshire counties. Signed 
S. M. Letter-hook. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 4, 846. 

1776. Gates, Horatio. Brig, and adj. gen., Continental army. Cambridge. 

Jan. 24. Letter to [Lieut.] John Knight, Northampton, [Massachusetts,] 

refusing his request to be allowed to go into Boston. Signed H. G. 

Letter-book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 4, 847. 

1776. Moylan, Stephen. Secretary to Washington. Can:kb ridge. Letter to Wil- 
Jan. 26. liam Watson [Plymouth, Massachusetts,] respecting Lieut. [ ] 

Wigglesworth and the ship Harrison. Unsigned. Letter-book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 4, 857. 

[1776.] Moylan, Stephen. Secretary to Washington. [Cambridge.] Letter to 
[Jan. 26.] James Warren [Watertown, Massachusetts,] respecting money 

voted by the province [of Massachusetts]. Signed S. M. Letter- 
book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 4, 861. 

1776. Moylan, Stephen. Secretary to Washington. Cambridge. Memorandum 
Jan. 26. of a letter to William Bartlett [Beverly, Massachusetts,] con- 

cerning Capt. [ ] Ayres. Unsigned. Letter-book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 4, 862. 

1776. Moylan, Stephen. Secretary to Washington. Cambridge. Memorandum 
Jan. 27. of a letter to William Whipple, [Portsmouth,] New Hampshire, 

respecting accounts. Unsigned. Letter-book. 
Printed: Force, Amor. Arch. 4th. Ser., 4, 87.5. 

1776. Moylan, Stephen. Secretary to Washington. Cambridge. Letter to 
Jan. 27. Committee of Safety, Newbury Port, [Massachusetts,] inquiring 

about arms sent by [Maj.] Gen. [John] Sullivan to Portsmouth. 
Unsigned. Letter-book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 4, 875. 

1776. TMoylan, Stephen. Secretary to Washington. Cambridge. Letter to 
Jan. 27. [Brig.] Gen. [John] Sullivan [Cambridge?]. By command of 

His Excellency [Washington] desires an exact account of the 
$5682 paid to the soldiers; wishes to be informed as to how to 
procure the 215 stands of arms ordered from Newbury to Ports- 
mouth [New Hampshire]. A. D. S. 1 p. Q°. 

1776. Moylan, Stephen. Secretary to Washington. Cambridge. Letter to 
Jan. 28. William Watson [Plymouth, Massachusetts,] respecting trans- 

ports taken by Commodore [John] Manley. Unsigned. Letter- 
book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 4, 878. 



CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 37 

1776. Washington, George. General and commander in chief. Cambridge. 
Jan. 28. Letter to Commodore John Manley [Plymouth? Massachusetts,] 

respecting prizes taken. Unsigned. Letter-book. 

Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser.,4, 877. Ford, Writings of Washington, 
3, 382. Sparks, Writings of Washington, 3, 20(). 

1776. Moylan, Stephen. Secretary to Washington. Cambridge. Letter to 
Jan. 28. Chairman [Jonathan Jackson] of Committee of Safety of New- 

bury [port, Massachusetts,] respecting the great need of good 
arms. Unsigned. Letter-hook. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 4, 877. 

1776. Moylan, Stephen. Secretary to Washington. Cambridge. Letter to the 
Jan. 28. Chairman [Hunking Wentworth?] of Committee [of Safety] of 

Portsmouth [New Hampshire,] respecting arms ordered deliv- 
ered by [Maj.] Gen. [John] Sullivan for use at Portsmouth. 
Unsigned. Letter-book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch., 4th. Ser., 4, 877. 

1776. Moylan, Stephen. Secretary to Washingtoli. Cambridge. Letter to 
Jan. 31. James Warren [Watertown, Massachusetts,] concerning regula- 

tions governing prizes. Unsigned. Letter-book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 4, 900. 

1776. Moylan, Stephen. Secretary to Washington. Cambridge. Letter to 
Feb. 1. William Watson [Plymouth, Massachusetts,] respecting the dis- 

position of coal taken from the British by Commodore [John] 
Manley. Unsigned. Letter-book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 4, 909. 

1776. Washington, George. General and commander in chief. Cambridge. 
Feb. 1. Letter to Timothy Pickering jr., Salem, [Massachusetts,] respect- 

ing the militia which Salem should furnish for her own defence. 
Signed G. W\ Letter-book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 4, 909. 

1776. Moylan, Stephen. Secretary to Washington. Cambridge. Letter to Wil- 
Feb. 1. liam Watson [Plymouth, Massachusetts,] respecting disposition 

of prizes and conduct of the captain who "so shamefully deserted 
his Commodore." Unsigned. Letter-book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 4, 909. 

1776. Moylan, Stephen. Secretary to Washington. Cambridge. Memorandum 
Feb. 4. of a letter to Winthrop Sargent, Cape Ann, [Massachusetts,] 

respecting the capture of the prize " Henry & Esther." Unsigned. 
Letter-book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch, 4th. Ser., 4, 939. 

1776. Moylan, Stephen. Secretary to Washington. Cambridge. IMemorandum 
Feb. 4. of a letter to William Bartlett [Beverly, Massachusetts,] advising 

him that William Leech would deliver §2000, agreeable to his 
order. Unsigned. Letter-book. 

1776. Moylan, Stephen. Secretary to Washington. Cambridge. Letter to 
Feb. 7. Matthew Thornton [Portsmouth, New Hampshire,] respecting 

complaint made against Col. John Stark. Signed S. M. Letter- 
book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 4, 956. 



38 CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 

1776. Moylan, Stephen. Secretary to Washington. Cambridge. Letter to the 
Feb. 9. Committee of Springfield [Massachusetts,] respecting the treat- 

ment of prisoners. Unsigned. Letter-book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 4, 973. 

1776. Moylan, Stephen. Secretary to Washington. Cambridge. Letter to Levi 
Feb. 9. Allen [Salisbury, Connecticut,] re.spe'^ting treatment accorded 

[Ethan] Allen by the British. Unsigned. Letter-hook. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 4, 973. 

1776. Moylan, Stephen. Secretary to Washington. Cambridge. Letter to 
Feb. 9. George Gregory refusing permission for him to leave his place of 

confinement. Unsigned. Letter-hook. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 4, 974. 

1776. Harrison, Robert Hanson. Lt. col. and aid de camp to Washington. 

Feb. 9. Cambridge. Letter to Brig. Gen. [John] Sullivan [Cambridge]. 

By order of His Excellency [Washington] acknowledges the 

receipt of his letter; does not wish the attempt made to bring off 

the guard until Washington can see him. A. L. S. 1 p. Q°. 

1776. Moylan, Stephen. Secretary to Washington. Cambridge. Letter to Major 
Feb. 10. [Christopher] French [Hartford, Connecticut,] refusing him 

permission to go to Ireland. Unsigned. Letter-book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 4, 996. 

1776. Moylan, Stephen. Secretary to Washington. Cambridge. Letter to Wil- 
Feb. 12. liam Bartlett [Beverly, Massachusetts,] respecting the advance- 

of money upon prizes captured. Unsigned. Letter-book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 4, 1018. 

1776. Moylan, Stephen. Secretary to Washington. Cambridge. Letter to 
Feb. 14. Christopher LefBngwell [Norwich, Connecticut,] directing him 

to forward ammunition. Unsigned. Letter-hook. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser. , 4, 1147. 

1776. Moylan, Stephen. Secretary to Washington. Cambridge. Letter to Rev. 
Feb. 17. James Lyon [Machias, Massachusetts, now Maine,] respecting 

his plan to secure Nova Scotia. L'nsigned. Letter-book. 

Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 4, 1182 (attributed by Force to 
Harrison). 

Moylan, Stephen. Secretary to Washington. Cambridge. Letter to Col. 
James Easton [Massachusetts?] respecting recruiting and his 
rank in the army. Unsigned. Letter-book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 4, 1182. 

Moylan, Stephen. Secretary to Washington. Cambridge. Letter to Wil- 
liam Watson [Plymouth, Massachusetts,] respecting prizes and 
the trip of Capt. James Hart and Jonathan Grindal to Virginia. 
Unsigned. Letter-book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 4, 1491. 

1776. Harrison, Robert Hanson. Lt. col. and aid de camp to Washington. 
Mar. 4. Cambridge. Letter to Col. H[enry] Babcock [Newport, Rhode 

Island]. By command of His Excellency [Washington] acknowl- 
edges his letter of the 3d. inst. ; [Lt.] Col. [Rufus] Putnam is 
sick and operations of great importance forbid sparing an engi- 
neer. Signed R. H. H. Letter-book. 



1776. 


Feb. 17, 


1776. 


Feb. 24, 



CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 39 

1776. Palfrey ? William. Lt. col. arid aid de camp to Washington. "Head 
Mar. 7. Quarters." [Cambridge.] Letter to [Col.] Jacob Bayley, Coos 

[Cohoes, New York]. Col. [Moses?] Little delivered his letter 
of 26th. ult. enclosing journal of Canadian Expedition by way of 
Massasisque [Capt. Thomas Johnson's journal] to Gen. Wash- 
ington; thanks for same; copy has been sent to Congress; when 
their determination is received His Excellency will write him 
fully on the subject. Unsigned. Letter-book. 

1776. Moylan, Stephen. Aid de camp to Washington. Cambridge. Letter to 
Mar. 11. William Bartlett [Beverly, Massachusetts]. Encloses papers he 

will need at trial of schooner and sloop to which they belong; by 
command of His Excellency [Washington] he will send immedi- 
ately specified articles from ship Concord's cargo; if they should 
move he must acquaint the General and receive his orders for day 
of sale; requests account for those articles sent for General's pri- 
vate use, that ' ' it may be settled before his departure ' ' ; particular 
account of cargoes to be sent on condemnation; the several [pri- 
vate] ventures of the Concord to be made out. Signed S. M. 
Letter-book. 

1776. Moylan, Stephen. Aid de camp to Washington. Cambridge. Letter to 
Mar. 11. William Watson [Plymouth, Massachusetts]. Encloses papers 

belonging to the ships Norfolk and Happy Returns; His Excel- 
lency [Washington] orders that he be notified of condemnation 
and he will appoint the day of sale. Signed S. M. Letter-book. 

1776. Moylan, Stephen. Aid de camp to Washington. ' ' Head Quarters. ' ' [Cam- 
Mar. 12. bridge.] Letter to Col. [Henry] Babcock [Newport, Rhode 
Island]. By command of Washington acknowledges his letter 
of 10th. inst. with enclosures; not being favored with copies of 
what [Babcock] wrote, cannot give an opinion; the General will 
not interfere with the stipulations of the Newport Assembly but 
thinks all intercourse with British ships of war should stop; 
every advantage arising therefrom goes to the enemy and none to 
the colonies. Unsigned. Letter-book. 

1776. Moylan, Stephen. Aid de camp to Washington. Cambridge. Letter to 
Mar. 14. Col. [Alexander] McDougall [New York]. His Excellency 

[Washington] is, making preparations to leave with the army; 
desires a house for himself and suite in or about Bowery Lane, as 
main body of the army will encamp thereabouts; needs a large 
house and big stable; Mr. [James] Delancy's old castle is too 
small; wishes a house-keeper or steward engaged. Letter-book. 

1776. Washington, George. General and cominander in chief. "Head Quar- 
Mar. 14. ters. Cambridge." Letter to [Maj.] Gen. [Charles] Lee [New 

York]. The military situation; British evacuation of Boston. 
Unsigned. Letter-book. 

Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., .•), 224. Sparks, Writings of Washing- 
ton, 3, 315. 

1776. Moylan, Stephen. Aid de camp to Washington. Cambridge. Letter to 
Mar. 25. Col. [Joshua] Wentworth, Portsmouth, [New Hampshire,] 

respecting Capt. [ ] Frazier's petition and paroling the gen- 
tlemen belonging to the ship Susanna. Unsigned. Letter-book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. .Ser., 5, 501 (in part). 



40 CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 

1776. Washing-ton, George. General and commander in chief . "Head Quar- 
Apr. 1. ter.s, Cambridge." Letter to Governor [Nicholas] Cooke [Prov- 

idence, Rhode Island]. Has received his favor of yesterday and 
will give every aid in his power; [Maj.] Gen. [Nathanael] Greene 
has been ordered to hasten his march with five regiments to Nor- 
wich, [Connecticut] by way of Providence; [Maj.] Gen. [John] 
Sullivan with the six regiments that marched Friday evening 
[March 29,] for Norwich will be ordered to Providence; if alarm 
should prove false Sullivan should be notified by express to con- 
tinue his march; advises all stock to be taken from the neighbor- 
hood to prevent enemy from obtaining provisions; if it becomes 
certain that ministerial army intend making a landing on Rhode 
Island he [Washington] will soon be with him [Cooke] ; wishes 
constant particulars; express should be sent Sullivan in any event 
whether alarm be true or false; has requested Sullivan to send 
teams and wagons; encloses letter to Sullivan. Signed G. W. 
Letter-book. 

1776. Harrison, Robert Hanson. Lt. col. <md aid de camp to Washington. 
Apr. 20. New York. Letter to Col. [Richard] Gridley ordering him to 

Cape Ann [Massachusetts,] to fortify the harbor. Signed R. H. H. 
Letter-book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th Ser., 5, 997. 

1776. Harrison, Robert Hanson. Lt. col. and aid ae camp to Washington. 
Apr. 25. New York. Letter to Major [John Gizzard] Frazier [Fraser, 

King William Court House, Virginia,] concerning the settlement 
of his accounts. Unsigned. Letter-book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 5, 1072. 

1776. Harrison, Robert Hanson. Lt. col. and aid decamp to Wasliington. New 
Apr. 28. York. • Letter to Col. Isaac Nicoll, Fort Constitution, [New York,] 

concerning the scarcity of arms and other military matters. 
Unsigned. Letter-book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 5, lllG. 

1776. Moylan, Stephen. Aid de camp to Washington. New York. Letter to 
Apr. 28. [Brig.] Gen. [William] Thompson [Albany? New York,] lespect- 

ing money matters and military affairs. Letter-book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arcli. 4th. Ser., 5, 1113. 

1776. Washing-ton, George. General and commander in chief. New York. 
Apr. 29. Letter to [Col.] Jacob Bayley, Newbury, [Newburyport, Massa- 

chusetts,] respecting a route into Canada. Signed G. W. 
Letter-book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 5, 1113. 

1776. Harrison, Robert Hanson. Lt. col. and aid de camp to Washington. New 
May 2. York. Letter to [Maj.] Gen. [Artemas] Ward [Boston]. Troops 

at Dorchester Heights and Bunker Hill are to give assistance 
necessary to complete fortifications. L'nsigned. Letter-book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4tli. Ser., 5. 1174. 

1776. Washing-ton, George. General and commander in chief. New York. 
May 2. Letter to Col. George Clinton [in the Highlands,] authoriziug 

seizure of arms. Signed G. W. Letter-book. 
Printed- Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 5, 1174. 



CALENDAK OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 41 

1776. Harrison, Robert Hanson. Lt. col. and uid decamp to WashingtorL. New 
May 4. York. Letter to Col. Isaac Nicoll, Fort Constitution, [New 

York,] respecting the lack of arms and other military matters. 
Signed R. H. H. Letter-book. 
Priiitfrt: Force, Amer. Arch. 4tli. Ser., 5, 11S9. 

1776. "Washington, Oeorge. General and commander in chief. New York. 
May 7. Letter to Col. [Alexander] McDougall [New York,] respecting 

olhcers' rations. Signed G. W. Letter-book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Sen, 5, 1229. 

1776. Washing'ton, George. General and commander in cliief. New York. 
]May V.\. Letter to [Maj.] Gen. [Artemas] Ward [Boston]. Fortifications 

at Boston; military matters. Unsigned. Letter-hook. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 6, 436. 

1776. Washing'ton, George. General and commander in chief. New York. 
May 13. Letter to Isaac Sears [New York?] respecting tea. L^nsigned. 

Letter-book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., G, 435. 

1776. Washington, George. General and commander in chief. New York. 
May 13. Letter to Col. [David] Waterbury, Stamford, [Connecticut,] 

respecting his succession to command. Signed G. W. Letter-book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 6, 436. 

1776. Harrison, Robert Hanson. Lt. col. and aid decamp to Washington. New 
May 14. York. Letter to Lt. Col. [Benjamin] Tupper respecting inter- 

course with British ships of war and proposed attempt upon light 
house. Signed R. H. Letter-book. 

1776. Harrison, Robert Hanson. Lt. col. and aid de camp> to Washington. New 
May 16. York. Letter to [Maj.] Gen. [Artemas] Ward [Boston,] respect- 

ing military and financial matters. Signed R. H. H. Letter-book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 6, 478. 

1776. Washington, George. General and commander in chief . New York. Lettei 
May 17. to Col. R[obert] V[an] Ranselair [Rensselaer, Albany, New 

York,] respecting repair of arms. Signed G. W. Letter-book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 6, 490. 

1776. Harrison, Robert Hanson. Lt. col. and aid decamp to Washington. New 
May 19. York. Letter to Lt. Col. Henry B[eekman] Livingston [Fort 

Constitution, New York,] respecting arms, fortifications and other 
military matters. Signed R. H. H. Letter-book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 6, 507. 

1776. Moylan, Stephen. Aid-de-Camp to Washington. New Y^ork. Letter to 
May lit. [Maj.] Gen. [Artemas] Ward [Boston,] concerning military 

matters. Unsigned. Letter-book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 6, 507. 

1776. Harrison, Roliert Hanson. Lt. col. and aid de camp to Washington. New 
June 7. York. Letter to Maj. Gen. [Artemas] Ward [Boston]. Case of 

Lt. Col. [William] Burbeck; payment of troops. Unsigned. 
Letter-book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 6, 793. 



42 CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 

1776. Harrison, Robert Hanson. Lt. col. and aid de camp to Washington. New 
June 10. York. Letter to Maj. Gen. [Artemas] Ward [Boston]. Lt. 

[Thomas] Machin to be sent to New York. Unsigned. Letter- 
book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 6, 793. 

1776. Wash.ing'ton, George. General and commander in chief . " Head Quarters. 
June 10. New York." Orders to Major Peter Schuyler [New York]. 

Directs him to take command at the east end of Long Island. 
Letier-book. 
' Printed: Force, Amer. Arcli. 4th. Ser., 6, 792. 

1776. "Washington, George. General and comynander in chief . " Head Quarters 
June 14. near the city of New York" Orders to Col. James Clinton 

[New York City?] concerning fortifications in the Highlands. 
Signed G. W. Letter-book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 6, 893. 

1776. Washington, George. General and commander in chief. New York. 
June 15. Letter to [Col.] Joshua Wentworth, Portsmouth, New Hamp- 

shire, respecting captured vessels. Unsigned. Letter-book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 6, 909. 

1776. Washington, George. General and commander in chief. " Head Quarters 
June 24. New York" Orders and instructions to Maj. Gen. [Horatio] 

Gates "Commanding in Canada" respecting commissions, trans- 
portation and other military matters. Signed G. W. Letter-book. 

Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 6, 1052. Ford, Writings of Washington,. 
4, 171. Sparks, Writings of Washington, 3, 433. 

1776. Washington, George. General and commander in cJdef. New York. 
June 25. Letterto Col. Jacob Bailey [Bayley] , Bulls Head, [Massachusetts,] 

respecting a road into Canada. Signed G. W. Letter-book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., fi, 1068. 

1776. Washington, George. Genercd and commander in chief. New York. 
June 25. Letter to [Lt.] Col. [Benjamin] Tupper. Has received informa- 

tion of boats passing through the Narrows; supposed the passage 
was guarded by his boats and is astonished to find it otherwise; 
dire<"ts that boats row across the Narrows every evening from dusk 
until sunrise; those concerned in late plot will try to escape by 
this passage. Signed G. W. Letter-book. 

1776. Washington, George. General and commander in chief. New York. 
.June 27. Letter to Brig. Gen. [James] Wadsworth, [Durham,] Connecticut. 

Weak state of the army, lack of arms etc. Signed G. W. Letter- 
book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 6, 1110. 

1776. Washington, George. General and commander in chief . " Head Quarters 
June 27. N. York" Letter to the President of the New York Provincial 

Congress [Nathaniel Woodhull,] respecting removal of all stock 
beyond reach of the British. Signed G. W\ Letter-book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 6, 1110. 

1776. Reed, Joseph. Lt. col. and aid de camp to Washington. "Head Quarters 
June 28. N. York" Letter to Provincial Congress of New Jersey [Tren- 

ton?]. Howe's move on New York; weak state of the Army;, 
calls for assistance. Signed J. Reed. L^etter-book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 6, 1124. 



CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 43 

1776. Reed, Joseph. Lt. col. and aid de camp to Wasldngton. "Head Quarters 
June 28. New York" Letter to the President of the New York [Pro- 

vincial] Congress [Nathaniel Woodhull]. Critical condition of 
affairs. Signed J. R. Letter-hook. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4111.86^,0, 1125. 

1776. Harrison, Robert Hanson. Lt. col. and aid de camp to Washington. New 
June 29. York. Letter to Brig. Gen. [Nathaniel] Heard [New Jersey,] 

stating the necessity of removing all cattle etc. beyond the reach 
of the enemy's fleet. Unsigned. Letter-book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 0,1134. 

1776. Carey, Richard. Lt. col. and aid de camp to Washington. "Head Qrs, 
July 3. New York" Letter to Brig. Gen. [Thomas] Miflflin [Mt. Wash- 

ington, New York,] concerning the scarcity of arms and militia 
matters. Signed R. C. Letter-hook. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 6, 1215. 

177H. Washing-ton, George. General and commander in chief. "Head Qrs." 
July 4. [New York.] Letter to [Brig.] Gen. [Hugh] Mercer [Elizabeth- 

town, New Jersey,] concerning posting of troops. Unsigned. 
Letter-hook. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4lh. Ser., 0,1263. 

1776. Washington, George. General and commander in chief. New York. 
July 6. Letter to Col. Gold Selleck Silliman, Fairfield, Connecticut. 

Needs every man in the Army to ward off Howe's impending 
blow. Signed G. W. Letter-book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 5th. Ser., 1, 39. 

1776. Washing'ton, George. General and commander in chief. "Head Quar- 
July 9. ters N. York." Letter to Governor Jonathan Trumbull [Leba- 

non, Connecticut,] respecting the impending attack on New York 
and the dispositions to meet same. Signed G. W. Letter-hook. 

Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 5th. Ser., 1, 142. Extract, Ford, Writings of 
Washington, 4, 224 (note). Sparks, Writings of Washington, 3, 451. 

1776. Washington, George. General and commander in chief. New York. 
July 11. Letter to [Maj.] Gen. [Artemas] Ward [Boston,] respecting 

military matters, movements of troops etc. Signed G. W. Letter- 
book. 

Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 5tli. Ser., 1, 194. Ford, Writings of Washington, 

3, 461 (in part). Sparks, Writings of Washington, 3, 401 (in part). 

1776. Washington, George. General and commander in chief New York. 
July 11. Letter to [Governor] Jonathan Trumbull [Lebanon, Connecti- 

cut,] respecting militia, removal of stock and other matters. 
Signed G. W. Letter-book. 

1776. Washington, George. General and commander in cliief. "Head (^uar- 
July 14. ters." [New York.] Letter to Committee [of Safety] of Orange 

County [New York,] giving advice as to management of militia. 
Signed G. W. Letter-book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 5th. Ser., 1,336. 

1776. Washington, George. General and commander in chief "Head Quar- 
July 14. ters." [New York.] Letter to Col. Rudolph Ritzema [New 

York,] respecting his resignation. Signed G. W. Letter-hook. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 5th. Ser., 1, 333. Ford, Writings of Washington, 

4, 247 (note). Sparks, Writings of Washington, 3, 472. 



44 CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 

1776. Washington, George. General and commander in chief. "Heud Quar- 
July 14. ter8." [New York.] Letter to the President of the New York 

Provincial Congress [Nathaniel Woodhull]. Respecting passage 
of enemy up North River. Signed G. W. Letter-hook. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 5th. Ser., 1, 1401. 

1776. Harrison, Robert Hanson. Lt. col. and aid de camjj to Washington. 
July 29. New York. Letter to Daniel Tillinghast, Providence, [Rhode 

Island,] acknowledging receipt of arms. Signed R. H. H. Letter- 
book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. oth. Ser., 1, 643. 

1776. Washing'ton, George. General and commander in chief. [New York.] 
Aug. 4. A return of artificer regiment. Tabular statement; arrangement 

of officers; rank assigned officers in this regiment does not affect 
their rank or pay in the Army. Note in Washington's hand- 
writing: "A Copy of this was given into the Officers " D. S. 1 p. 
F". 
Names given in index. 

1776. Washington, George. General and commander in clnef. " Head Quar- 
Aug. 7. ters. New York" Letter to Major [Christopher] French 

[Hartford, Connecticut,] refusing to allow his claim for release. 
Unsigned. Letter-hook. 

Printed: Force, Amer. Arch., 5th. Ser., 1, 823. Ford, Writing.s of Washington, 
4, 324 (note). Sparks, Writings of Washington, 4, 33. 

1776. Washington, George. General and commander in chief . "Head Quar- 
Aug. 7. ters. New York." Letter to Col. [Samuel] Elmore [Albany,] 

directing him to place himself under command of [Maj.] Gen. 
[Philip] Schuyler. Unsigned. Letter-book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch., 5th. Ser., 1, 820. 

1776. Washington, George. General and commander in clnef. New York. 
Aug. 7. Letter to [Judge Timothy] Edwards [Stockbridge, New York,] 

respecting employment of the Stockbridge Indians in the Army. 
Signed G. W. Letter-book. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch., 5th. Ser., 1, 822. 

1776. Washington, George. General and commander in chief . "Head Quarters 
Aug. 8. New York." Letter to Major [Christopher] French [Hartford,] 

respecting his exchange. Unsigned. Letter-hook. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch., 5th. Ser., 1, 823. 

1776. Lasher, John. Col., New York militia. Kings Bridge [New York]. 
Sept. 26-7. Proceedings of a general court-martial: Trial of Benjamin Snow 

for absenting himself without leave; James McCormick for deser- 
tion and mutiny; Charles Bowen for robbery; Elijah Jones, 
Christopher Keil and Daniel Connel for desertion; Col. Lasher, 
president of the court; Snow acquitted; McCormick sentenced to 
death; others sentenced to Ije \yhipped; McCormick's sentence 
endorsed and signed by Washington. ' ' The above sentence 
respecting the condemnation of James McCormick is approved 
of and Gen. Heath may appoint the time & place for execution that 
a Warr't may issue accordingly" D. S. 4 pp. F". 
Printed; Force, Amer. Arch., .5th. Ser., 2, 550-1. 



CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 45 

[1776.] Washington, George. General and commmander in chief. [Harlem, 
[Oct. 11?] New York.] Recruiting instructions to [Col. Edward Hand]. 

Immediately to enlist all aljle bodied and willing men from the 
Pennsylvania militia; requirements as to age and physical con- 
dition; moral character must he good; no deserters to be enlisted; 
term of enlistment to be for duration of war; the rules for the 
government of the Army, pul>lished by Congress Sept. 20, 1776, to 
prevail; bounty allowed in money and land. 2 pp. F". 

Contemporary copy in Joseph Reed's handwriting. Instructions as issued 
are printed in Force, Amer. Arch., 5th. Ser., 2, 993. 

[1776.] [Washington, George.] General and commander in cJiief. Memorandum 
of the strength of Continental Army. Names of Colonels and 
strength of their regiments given. On verso are four proposed 
arrangements for a brigade. A. D. 2 i>p. 8". 
Names given in index. 

[1776.] Continental Army. Form of warrant authorizing the collection of 
blankets, clothing, etc., for use of the Army; certificates for same 
to be directed to James Mease; exact lists to be kept of articles 
collected. Copy by Tench Tilghman. 1 p. Q". 

[1?76?] Washington, George. General and commander in chief. Warrant to Col. 
l.srael Shreve. Is to convene a general court martial for trial of 
William Seedsand others; notice to be given to members appointed 
by him, of time and place of convening; empowered to call wit- 
nesses, examine testimony, pass sentence etc. ; this to be his war- 
rant for convening the court. Contemporary copy. 1 p. F". 

1777. Fitzgerald, John. Li. col. and aid de camp to Washington. [Morristown, 
May 25. New Jersey.] Letter to Maj. Gen. [John] Sullivan, Princeton 

[New Jersey]. Messrs. Daniel and Samuel Hughes of Maryland 
have made application for their servants who have run away and 
enlisted; resolve of Congress only recommends that servant.^ and 
apprentices be allow-ed to enlist; His Excellency [Washingt(jn] 
thinks that these servants should lie given up; bearer waits for 
one of them who is in [Lt.] Col. [Edward] Antill's [Antil's] 
regiment. A. L. S. 1 i>. F". 

1777. Tilghman, Tench. Lt. col. and aid de camp to Washington. "Head 
June 14. Quarters Middlebrook" [New Jersey.] Letter to Maj. Gen. 

[John] Sullivan, Rocky Hill [New Jersey]. His Excellency 
[Washington] wrote him a few hours ago; fears that something 
has happened to the express so repeats the substance of the 
former letter; enemy advanced this morning to Van Ests Mill; 
skirmished with Col. [Daniel] Morgan's riflemen; number said to 
be 2000; reported that the main body has marched by the Bruns- 
wick road towards Princeton; requests an immediate account 
of condition of affairs in his vicinity; directs him to call in the 
militia as this is a general movement. A. D. S. 1 p. Q°. 

1777. Tilghman, Tench. Lt. col. and aid de cam]) to Washington. "Head 
June 18. Quarters Middle Brook" [New Jersey.] Letter to Maj. Gen. 

[John] Sullivan [Garrison's Tavern, near Middlebrook]. His 
letter was received by His Excellency [Washington] about mid- 
night; [Brig.] Gen. [Prudhomme] "D'Borre" reached Steele's 
Gap this morning; he need send no more troops; the enemy 



46 CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 

1777. Tilghman, Tench. — Continued. 
June IS. being without baggage cannot be pushing for the river; the move 

is: probably a coup de main upon this army which [Maj.] Gen. 
[Wilham] Howe caianot leave in his rear and attempt to cross 
the Delaware; his fire was seen and a mutual information signal 
will be agreed upon; the picket at Somerset Court House has 
been intrenching several days; advises against attempting a 
stroke on their wing near [Sullivan] as it is composed of their 
best troops. A. D. S. 2 pp. Q°. 

[1777.] "Wasliington, George. General and commander in chief. [Morristown, 
I July. ] New Jersey.] Detailed route to be followed by the several divi- 

sions of the Continental Army on the march southward from 
Morristown [to protect Philadelphia from attack of Howe]. 
Contemporary copy in handwriting of Stephen Moylan. 4 
pp. F". 
Incomplete. 

1777. Fitzgerald, John. Lt. col. and aid de camp to Washington. "Head 
[July ?] Quarters near Thompson's Tavern" [Pennsylvania.] Letter to 

Maj. Gen. [John] Sullivan [near Philadelphia]. By order of 
His Excellency [Washington] informs him that the Army is to 
retrace its march to the Reading road beyond the Trapp [a vil- 
lage 25 miles from Philadelphia]; orders him to move on a line 
between it and the Schuylkill; Brig. Genls. [William] Maxwell 
and [James] Potter will join him; orders that he light fires 
that the march may be unexpected and that he notify Col. 
[Stephen] Moylan to move in concert; requests him to send Maj. 
[John] Jamison [Jameson] and a few horse into Philadelphia to 
assist [Lt.] Col. [Alexander] Hamilton. A. D. S. 2 pp. F°. 

[1777.] Hamilton, Alexander. Lt. col. and aid de camp to Washington. "Head 
£ Sept. ] Quai'ters Camp at" [Wilmington? Delaware.] Letter to Maj. 

Gen. [John] Sullivan [New Jersey]. His Excellency [Washing- 
ton] has received his last two letters; his force is intended for 
skirmishing only, but so soon as circumstances render it necessary, 
reenforcements will be sent; his information about the enemy 
being on the Brunswick and Princeton road is not well founded; 
they are taking their old position with their right at Amboy and 
their left at Brunswick; requests that he secure trusty persons at 
South Amboy to obtain intelligence of any preparations to move 
by water. A. D. S. 2 pp. Q". 

[1777.] Wash.ing'ton, George. General and commander in chief. [Metuchen, 
[Oct. 3.] New Jersey, 20 miles from Philadelphia.] Plan for the attack at 

Germantown. Disposition of troops under [Maj. Gen. John] Sul- 
livan, [Brig. Gen. Anthony] Wayne, [Maj. Gen. Nathanael] 
Greene, [Maj. Gen. Adam] Stephen, [Brig.] Gen. [Thomas] Con- 
way and [Brig.] Gen. [Alexander] McDougall; [Brig.] Gen. 
[Francis] Nash's and [Brig.] Gen. [William] Maxwell's brigades 
to form "corps de reserve" under Maj. Gen. [William Alexander] 
Lord Stirling; orders to [Brig.] Gen. [John] Armstrong, [Brig. 
Generals William] Smallwood and [David] Forman; attack to be 
made by McDougall, Smallwood, Forman, Conway and Armstrong; 
militia on flanks not to have cannon; baggage to be left; provi- 
sions in haversacks; pioneers to move in front of division with 
axes; disposition of pickets; attack to be made at 5 o'clock; col- 



CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCllIPTS. 47 

[1777.] Washington, George — Continued. 

[Oct. 3.] iiinns to be within two miles of enemy at 2 o'clock and halt till 4; 

communication between columns to be maintained by light horse; 
Hanking columns to be thrown out. Secretary's draft. Endorsed 
)>y Washington: "Order of March and Battle Germen Town 4th. 
Octr. 1777 " 8 pp. F". 

Compare: Wiishington to Congress, 1777, Oct. 5. Ford, Writings of Washing- 
ton, 6, 93. 

1778. "Washing-ton, George. General and commander in chief. Orderly Book, 
Jan. 1-Dec. 30. 1778, Jan.l-Dec. 31, containing the "Orders issued by His Excel- 

lency — General Washington — Anno Domini 1778 — 
Copied by Capt [John Singer] Dexter A[s8istant] A[djutant] 
G[enera]l Exd By Alexd Scammell A[djutant] G[enera]l" 1 
vol. F". pp. 439+21. Indexed. 

1778. Washington, George. General and commander in chief. "Headquarters." 
June 11. [Valley Forge, Pennsylvania.] General Orders. Brig. [Gen. John 

Morin] Scott, Lt. Col. [William] Brent and Major "Fibbs" [Caleb 
Gibbs?] appointed officers of the day; arrangement of the Major 
General's commands to prevent future misunderstandings; North 
Carolina brigade assigned to place of [Brig. Gen. William] INIax- 
well's in [Maj. Gen. William Alexander] Lord Stirling's division; 
1st. and 2d. Maryland and [Brig. Gen. James Mitchell] Varnum's 
l)rigade to await orders of commander in chief on firing of signal 
guns; other brigades to march to their respective alarm posts; 
officer of the day to attend carefully to policing the camp; on 
testimony of [Brig.] Gen. [William] Woodford, Scott and others 
restores Lt. [Samuel] Jones to place and rank in the army; disap- 
proves the sentence of the court-martial of which Lt. Col. [Peter] 
Adams was president, in case of Capt. [Edward] Norwood as 
entirely inadequate to the offense; in case of Lt. Col. [Adam] 
Hubley, accused of maliciously causing Col. [George] Nagle to 
sign a false return on account of Capt. [James] Long's absence, 
by permission of [Brig.] Gen. [Anthony] Wayne, acquittal of the 
court-martial ij approved; acquittal of Capt. [ ] "of late 

[Col. John] Patton's regiment" charged with not assisting Capt. 
[Jacob] Humi>hreys, is approved; sentences in cases of privates 
William Powell, in Col. [Israel] Angell's regiment and Edward 
Connely, in Col. [Charles] Harrison's artillery are approved; 
grand parade is assigned in front of "Late [Maj. Gen. Thomas] 
Conway's Brigade." Contemporary copy. 3 pp. F". 

1778. Washington, George. General and commander in chief. [Valley Forge, 
June [18.] Pennsylvania.] Order of march and route from Valley Forge to 

Newburgh [New York]. Composition of the five divisions and 
their commanders; brigades to occupy Philadelphia; time of 
march for the different divisions; schedule of distance to be cov- 
ered on each day's march by the several divisions. Contempo- 
rary copy. 2 pp. F". 
Printed: N. Y. Hist. Soc. Coll., 5, 408-9. See also: Pa. Arch. 1st. Ser., 6, 662. 

1778. Washington, George. General and commander in chief. West Point 
[Sept. 19.] [New York]. Letter to Brig. Gen. [William] Woodford [Freder- 

icksburg? New York] . Sends warrant for re-enlisting the Virginia 
troops of his brigade; orders him to direct the officer who will 



48 CALENDAE OF "WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 

1778. Washington, George — Continued. 
[Sept. 19.] carry it to the Paymaster-General [John Pierce] to stop at liead- 

quarters for instructions; begs him to use every effort to faciUtate 
the recruiting. L. S. and postscript in the liandwriting of Wash- 
ington. 1 p. F". 

1778. "Washington, George. General and commander in chief. "Head Qrs." 
Oct. 5. [Fishkill, New York.] Letter to Daniel of St. Thomas Jenifer, 

President of the Senate and ["William Fitzhugh] Speaker of the 
House of Delegates of Maryland [Annapolis]. A board of Gen- 
eral Officers has been considering the disputes of rank in the 
Maryland line for several days; wishes to know just what powers 
in that respect are granted by their resolution of April 11, trans- 
mitted in their letter of [April] 18; tried several times last year 
to adjust the matter without success. Copy in R. H. Harrison's 
handwriting and signed by him "G. Washington." 2 pp. F'\ 

1778. [Tilghman, Tench.] Lt. col. and secretary to Washington. Fredericksburg 
Oct. 16. [New York]. Draft of information and questions for a council of 

war. Main divisions of British force are about New York and in 
Rhode Island; small detachment cutting wood in New Jersey; 
rumor that the [British] fleet at New York is intended for Bos- 
ton; report that many troops are to be sent to West Indies; loca- 
tion of [American] troops including those under [Maj.] Gen. 
[John] Sullivan; queries prudence and advisability of sending a 
detachment to Boston, and the disposition of the Army during the 
coming winter; principal considerations affecting these questions; 
the Q[uarter] M [aster] G[eneral Nathanael Greene] has been 
directed to provide material for erection of barracks; results so 
far accomplished are shown in letter of [Asst. Quartermaster 
General Charles] Petit [Pettit]. A. D. 3 pp. F". 

1778. Continental Congress. Resolve. "In Congress" [Philadelphia.] 
Oct. 22. Directs Gen. [George] Washington to order Maj. Gen. [Horatio] 

Gates to take command at Boston. "True Copy. R. K. Meade 
A. D. C." 1 p. Q°. 

Printed: Journals of Congress of given date. 

1778. "Washington, George. General and commander in chief. Fredericksburg 
Oct. 28. [New York]. Certificate of officers as to color of cloth for uni- 

forms selected in accordance with Washington's suggestion. Cloth- 
ing furnished in two colors, blue and brown; to prevent disputes 
following officers appointed to draw lots for the regiments assigned 
them; signed [Lt. Col.] R[obert] H[anson] Harrison, [Lt. Col.] 
R[ichard] K[idder] Meade, [Lt. Col.] T[ench] Tilghman, James 
McHenry, [Lt. Col.] Alexander Hamilton, [Lieut.] Henry Philip 
Livingston, [Major] C[aleb] Gibbs, [Col.] Alexander Scammell. 
In R. H. Harrison's handwriting. 1 p. F°. 

See also: Washington, George Certificate of officers as to methoci of selec- 
tion of cloth. 1778, Oct. 28. 

[1778.] . Harrison, Robert Hanson. Lt. col. and military secretary to Washington. 
[Oct. 28.] [Fredericksburg, New York.] "Blue drawn by R. H. Harrison 

for North Carolina." 1 p. If x 2 inches. 

[1778.] Meade, Richard Kidder. Lt. col. e^iid aid de camp to Washington. [Fred- 
[Oct. 28. ] ericksburg. New York. ] ' ' Virginia & Delaware Brown drawn by 

R. K. Meade." 1 p. If x 2 inches. 



CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 49 

[1778.] Tilghman, Tench. Lt. rn/. cuul aid dr camp to Washington. [Fi-edericks- 
[Oct. 28.] ■ burg, New Yurk.] "Maryland Blue T. Tilghman." 1 p. Ifx2 

inches. 

[1778.] McHenry, James. Asst. secretari/ to Wasldngion. [Fredericksburg, New 
[Oct. 28.] York.] "Pennsylvania. J. McHenry Brown." 1 p. If x 2 

inches. 

[1778.] Hamilton, Alexander. Lt. col. and j)rinc;ipal aid de camp to WasJiington. 
[Oct. 28.] [Fredericksburg, New York.] "Blue Jersey A. Hamilton." 1 p. 

15x2 inclics. 

[1778.] Livingston, Henry Philip. Lt., major Caleb GibUs company, Commander 
[Oct. 28.] in chiefs guard. [Fredericksburg, New York.] "N.York Blue 

• II. P. Livingston." 1 p. If x 2 inches. 

[1778.] Gibbs, Calel). Major, Commander in chief s guard. [Fredericksburg, New 
[Oct.28.] York.] "Massachusetts. Brown C. Gibbs." 1 p. Ifx2inches. 

[1778.] Scammell, Alexander. Col. and adj. gen. Continental army. [Freder- 
[Oct. 28.] icksburg. New York.] "Brown Alexdr. .Scammell, New Hamp- 

shire." 1 p. If X 2 inches. 

1778. Washing-ton, George. General and commander in cliief. Fredericksburg 
Oct. 28. [New York]. Certificate of officers as to method of selection of 

color of uniforms. Procedure has been in accordance with "Wash- 
ington's suggestion in event of a surplus of blue coats after those 
entitled to choice have been supplied; signed [Lt. Col.] Eobert 
H[anson] Harrison, James McHenry, [Major] C[aleb] (Tibl)H, 
[Col.] Alexander Scammell. In Tench Tilghman's handwriting. 
1 p. F°. 

See also: Wasliiiigtoii, George Certificate of officers as to color of cloth. 
1778, Oct. 2S. 

[1778.] McHenry, James. Asst. secretary to Washington. [Fredericksburg, New 
[Oct. 28.] York.] "Drawn for Pennsylvania No. 4." 1 p. 3^- x 2 inches. 

[1778.] Scammell, Alexander. Col. and (ulj. gen. Continental army. [Fredericks- 
[Oct. 28.] V)urg, New York.] "No. 3. Alexdr. Scammell for New Hamp- 

shire." 1 p. 'i\ X 2 inches. 

[1778.] Gibbs, Calfb. }rq/or, Commander in chief s guard. [Fredericksburg, New 
[Oct.28.] York.] "For Massachusetts No. 1. drawn by C. Gibbs." 1 p. 

3f X 2 inches. 

[1778.] Harrison, Robert Hanson. Lt. col. and military secretary to Washington. 
[Oct. 28.] [Fredericksburg, New York.] " For Virginia & Delaware drawn 

l)y R. H. H. No 2." 1 p. 3i x 2 inches. 

[1778?] Continental Army. Form of warrant issued by Commander-in-chief 
fi ir appointment of a paymaster, adjutant or (luartermaster. Blank 
form. In R. H. Harrison's handwriting. 1 p. F". 

[1778.] [Washington, George.] General and commander in chief . [New York.] 
Examination of Philip Miller, deserter from [Col. Oliver] De 
Lancey's regiment as to disposition of British troops [in the 
vicinity of Harlem?]. At bottom of verso is written: "Genls. 
Wayne & Scott & Messrs. Hamilton and Meade prove the order 
for attacking. — The Marquis" A. D. Endorsed in a different 
hand: "Intelligence from Deserters." 2pp. F". 

19108—01 4 



50 CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 

1779. Washing'ton, George. General and commander in chief. Headquarters, 
Feb. 12. Middlebrook [New Jersey]. Letter to Col. [Jeremiah] "Wads- 

worth [Camp Raritan, New Jersey]. Orders him to form a mag- 
azine of provisions at Pittsburg, [Pennsylvania] for 1200 men for 
four months; wishes same completed 1)y May 1st. next or sooner. 
Two contemporarj' copies. 1 p. Q". 

1779. Wasliing-ton, George. General and commander in chief. []Middle])rook, 
Feb. 14. New Jersey.] Letter to Col. Jeremiah Wadsworth [Cam}) Rari- 

tan, New Jersey]. Order of the 12th. inst. meant that supplies 
over and above those necessary for troops in that quarter should 
be laid up in magazine establish eil at Fort Pitt; orders a similar 
magazine established at Sundbury on Susquehannah ; supplies 
for Pittsburgh should be drawn from frontiers of Virginia and 
parts of Pennsylvania contiguous; those for Sundbury from west 
side of the Susquehannah; he will make returns on 1st of every 
month as to quantity of proA'isions on hand. Contemporary 
copy. 2 pp. F°. 
Enclosed in a letter, Wadsworth to Col. Ephralm Blaine 1779, Feb. 15. 

1779. Washington, George. General and commander in chief. "Head Quar- 
jNlar. 2. ters." [Middlebrook, New Jersey.] Order to the Commissary 

General of Purchases [Col. Jeremiah Wadsworth, Camp Raritan, 
New Jersey] . A larger magazine of provisions will be require*! on 
the Susquehannah than that ordered in letter of the 1-lth. ult.; 
orders him to provide for 3000 men for three months; provisions 
to be procured as far as practicable from the west side of the river, 
to be "water borne" from Middletown to Sundbury; flour to be 
provided by May 1st.; cattle may wait until the troops move; 
provisions at Fort Pitt not to be dispensed with under any pre- 
tense. Contemporary copy. 1 p. F". 
Enclosed in a letter, Royal Flint to Col. Ephraim Blaine 1779, March '_'. 

1779. Washing'ton, George. General and commander in chief. Middlebrook 
April 20. [New Jersey]. Letter to the Commissary General of Purchases 

[Col. Jeremiah Wadsworth, Raritan, New Jersey] . Since orders of 
March 2d. finds it necessary that the magazines of provisions should 
provide for 4500 men; Col. [Ephraim] Blaine or the one in charge 
to be requested to have additional supplies ready; wishes to know 
by return express condition of the Susquehannah magazines and 
again requests monthly reports; wishes to know the state of sup- 
plies in the districts of his deputies. Contemiiorary copy. 2 pp. 
F". 
Enclosed in a letter, Royal Flint to Col. Ephraim Blaine 1779, April 21. 

1779. [Washington, George.] General and commander in chief. Middlebrook, 
IMay l;>. New Jersey. An account of the various routes into the country 

of the Six Nations; distance and topography of intervening land 
given ; water routes and character of the navigation to the various 
Indian settlements; above account obtained from the Delaware 
Indians in camp. A. D. 2 pp. F". 

[1779.] [Washington, George.] General and commander in chief. [Middlebrook? 

[May-June?] New Jersey.] A summary of intelligence obtained from [Brig.] 

Gen. [Edward] Hand, Colonels [James?] Coxe [Cox?], [Samuel] 
Patterson and Charles Stewart ' ' for the purpose of carrying out 



CALENDAR OF WASHITSrGTOlSr MANUSCRIPTS. 51 

[1779.] [Washington, George] — Continued. 

[May-June?] an Expedition against the Indians of the Six Nations." Nine- 

teen questions regarding the topography of the country, routes 
and means of transportation with answers thereto arranged in 
parallel columns, pp. 1-14. 

"Extracts of Letters — & infornuition from Sundry i)ersons 

respecting the Indian settlements distances of places — 

& practicable routes by Land and Water — " : Col. Zebulon But- 
ler says that the distance from Chemung to AVyoming is 100 miles 
and the road " impossible " except by pack horses. Capt. [Ben- 
jamin] Stoddart [Stoddert] agrees with Butler respecting distance 
etc. from Chemung to Wyoming; believes "(but Genl. Hand 
differs from him in it)" that Indians can assemble 500 warriors 
exclusive of Tories at Chemung in a few days; there are several 
less powerful towns within 30 to 50 miles. Col. [Thomas] Hart- 
ley makes above distances the same ; country is hilly and swampy; 
Chemung a place of general resort for Indians and Tories; distance 
from New Windsor to Wyoming " he calls 120 miles ". p. 15. 

Map of Cayuga or Tioga branch of the Susquehannah, "laid 
down by guess from an acct. in Br. (rcnl. Hands letter of the 31st. 
March 1779." Notes of distances etc oi various places given at 
foot of map. p. 16. 

John Jenkins' account: Was taken prisoner in December, 1777 
and carried to Chemung; it is a town of 40 or 50 houses; New 
town, 10 miles from there, contains 25 houses; from Newtown 
to Catherine's town is 20 miles through level open woods; 
Catherine's town is on Cenasedaga lake and contains about 30 
houses; from hence to a town called Kindoi is 25 miles through 
somewhat closer woods; Kindoi has about 15 houses; Cenasedaga 
castle at head of the lake is 25 miles from hence; has 70 or 80 
houses, a block house and is inhabited by Senecas; it is 25 miles 
to next Seneca town which has about 40 houses; it is 40 miles 
from this last to Indian settlements on the Chenessie [Genessee] 
river "called in [Lewis] Evans Map by the name of Kaskuxsie or 
L. Seneca River" ; from hence to Niagara it is 100 miles through 
wet woody country; arrived at Niagara in December and left 
25th. April; Niagara fort has but one row of palisades; 3 armed ves- 
sels are constantly in the river above the fort; garrison was com- 
manded by Lt. Col. [Mason] Bolton; consisted of 200 regulars, 
60 or 70 Tories, and Indians constantly coming and going; on 
being exchanged he returned by the same route until he came to 
Cenasedaga lake town, thence to Fort Schuyler visited towns in 
vicinity of Cayuga lake and Oneida castle; gives distances and 
describes intervening country; route to Chemung to Niagara via 
Cenasedaga is by Indian paths only; Clienessie river and Cayuga 
lake the only obstacles, pp. 17-19. 

John Lord's account of the w^ay to Niagara: Went up the 
Tioga branch to town in fork of Chenessie in 4 days; reached 
Niagara in 4 days more; from Niagara to Gerudegat creek "(the 
same probably which Evans .... calls Niederundaguat)" along 
Lake Ontario is 80 miles; marched to Cayuga lake where there is 
a large straggling village; marched from head of lake to Oswegy 
creek in 2 days; country from Gerudegat creek to lake is level 
and from lake to Susquehannah hilly, p. 20. 



52 CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 

[1779.] [Washington, George] — Continued. 

[May-June?] John Shawna is well acquainted with the country; gives a 

good account of it; if he can be depended upon will make a good 
guide, p. 20. Endorsed: ''No. 1. Summary of Intelligence 
concerning the Susquehannah." 20 pp. F°. 

Entire document with exception of endorsement is in Washington's hand- 
writing. The nineteen questions and answers are arranged in four columns; 
answers of Hand, Cox and Patterson are copied in full, Stewart's are slightly 
condensed. The original answers to these questions are among the documents 
received by Washington, in the second division of this calendar. See: Hand, 
Edward Answers to 19 questions; Cox, James and Patterson, Samuel Answers 
to 19 questions, and Stewart, Charles Answers to 16 questions 1779 !May-June. 

1779. [Washington, George.] General and commander in chief. Sixteen ques- 
[May-June?] tions [propounded to Col. James Cox and Col. Samuel Patterson, 

for obtaining useful and necessary knowledge to carry on an 
expedition against the Six Nations]. Navigation between Pitts- 
burg and "Wenango" [Venango] is good; distance is 110 miles;; 
navigation is good for 100 miles above Wenango; there are 2' 
Indian villages in that distance; distance from head of this navi- 
gation and also from Allegheny about 100 miles to the Seneca 
towns; country is level and there is a good pack-horse path 
through the Six Nations country; distance from head of naviga- 
tion of the Allegheny to head of navigation of the Cayuga branch 
is supposed to be 80 or 90 miles; there is a path for pack-horses 
from one to the other; troops starting from Fort Pitt against the 
Six Nations would go up the Ohio or Allegheny river; they would 
first reach two Seneca towns about 50 miles above Wenango; dis- 
tance from "Shamong" [Chemung] to Niagara is about 150 
miles; most accessible settlements are Shamong on Cayuga branch 
and Catherine ['s town] on what is called Cayuga lake; naviga- 
tion is good to Shamong but no farther, country between there 
and Catherine is level; Six Nations can put 8000 men into the 
field; artillery can be transported by land from Shamong through 
the whole Six Nations; there is a good horse path from the canoe 
place, west branch of the Susquehannah to Wenango, a distance 
of 80 miles; people can be hired to visit the Indian towns and 
obtain all needful information as to situation, distances etc. 
A. D. 4 pp. F°. 

Questions and answers in parallel columns. Twelfth question asking for 
distance between these towns and Niagara and character of the country is. 
left unanswered. Answers are in handwriting of Cox or Patterson. See also: 
Cox James and Patterson, Samuel Answers to 19 questions; Hand, Edward 
Answers to 19 questions; and Stewart Charles Answers to 16 questions 1779, 
May-June. 

1779. Washington, George. General and commander in chief. "Head Quar- 
July 5. ters New Windsor" [New York.] Letter to [Maj.] Gen. [John] 

Sullivan [Easton, Pennsylvania]. Since sending his letter of June 
23d. has received [Sullivan's] of June 29th. ; is glad to tind that the 
second arrival of stores was better than the first; has a letter 
from [Brig.] Gen. [James] Clinton of June 30th.; is apprehensive 
that he ' ' will be exposed to imminent hazard from so great an 
incumbrance of stores ' ' ; will not interfere with his arrangements 
but begs him to consider the advisability of Clinton's sending 
back to Conojaharie all stores not necessary for his subsistence; 
approves his reaching Tioga before Clinton moves and suggests; 
that he push on, if prudent, to Chenango; considers 1000 men. 



CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 53 

1779. "Washing-ton, (reorge — Contini;ed. 
July 5. too many to detach for garrisons, escorts etc. ; his operating force 

shonld l)e as large as possible; has written the Pennsylvania 
Conncil for a reenforcement of four or five hundred men to garri- 
son such posts as he may leave Vjehind, protect convoys etc.; 
letter will be pressing and pointed; sends intelligence received 
from Canada; from the account 700 men have joined the savages. 
D. S. 4 pp. Q°. 

[1779.] Washington, George. General and commander in chief. [West Point? 

[July?] New York.] Extract from instructions to Asst. Commissary Gen- 

eral of Clothing [CJeorge Meachani?] at Newburgh [New York]. 
Proportionate issues to be made to 200 officers; maximum sup- 
plies to be allowed each; articles most needed to be supplied 
first; no officer to have both boots and shoes; scale of payment 
for all articles given; composition of militia staff named; line 
officers receiving state supplies not to be furnished. Contempo- 
rary copy. 2 pp. Q°. 

Extract used as evidence in court martial of Asst. Clothier .Tames Geary 
• 1779. .Inly 30. 

[1779.] [Washington, George. ] General and commander in chief. [West Point, 
.[Aug?] New York.] A return of the troops employed in the Western 

Expedition [against the Six Nations] under command of Maj. Gen. 
[John] Sullivan. Tabular statement of number of officers and 
men in [Brig. Gens. James] Clinton's, [Enoch] Poor's, [Edward] 
Hand's and [William] Maxwell's brigades. A. D. 1 p. F°. 

This return was prepared apparently as a vindication of Sullivan's chaiges 
that he had an insufficient number of troops for the expedition. See: Wash- 
ington's letter to Sullivan, May 13, 1779, Sparks, Writings of Washington, 6, 
264 and Washington to Congress, Aug. 15, 1779, Ford, Writings of Washington, 
S, 8. 

1779. Washington, George. General a7id commander In chief. " Head Quarters 
Nov. 25. West Point" Letter to Brig. Gen. [William] Woodford, Haver- 

straw [New York]. Welshes to be informed by return express 
when the division will leave Haverstraw; if [Brig.] Gen. [Enoch] 
Poor's brigade has arrived [Woodford] may take the short cut 
to Sufferans; on arriving at Pompton, [New Jersey] he will report 
to [Maj.] Gen. [Nathanael] Greene, who is at "Minis town," 
[New Jersey] for orders; earnestly requests that the new clothes 
for the men be saved as much as possible while "hutting". 
Franked: "Go. Washington." 1 p. F". 
Signature lacking. 

1779. Washington, George. Genera land commander in chief. Morristown 
Dec. 6. [New Jersey]. Letter to [Brig.] Gen. [William] Woodford 

[Camp]. It is highly probable that the Virginia troops will be 
moved south shortly; wishes the intention carefully concealed; 
he is to make every preparation to move but will continue to 
erect huts as heretofore. L. S. 1 p. F". 
1779. Washington, George. General and commander in chief. Morristown, 
Dec. 13. New Jersey. Letter to Brig. Gen. [William] Woodford [Camp?]. 

Gives route to be followed by the Virginia troops; enjoins vigi- 
lance to prevent desertions; compliments the corps; enlarges upon 
the duties of an officer. A. L. S. 4 pp. F°. 

Printed: Ford, Writings of Washington, «, 135. Sinirks, Writings of Washing- 
ton, 6, 417. 



54 CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 

1780. Washing-ton, George. General and commander in chief . " Head Quarters, 
Jan. 22. Morristown " [New Jersey.] Circular letter to the [corps com- 

manders?]. Inspector General's [Frederick William Augustus 
Henry Ferdinand Baron von Steuben's] reports show a condition 
of things as to discipline that can not be tolerated; number of 
absentees is far greater than it should be; each regiment is to be 
carefully examined and this abuse corrected; too many officers 
are furloughed at one time; number of non-commissioned officers 
excessive in some corps and insufficient in others; where this 
condition exists exchanges must be made; practice of employ- 
. ing officers in stations unauthorized by the establishment is to 
be stopped ; encloses reports of the last inspection which show 
other defects; general regard for regulations is exceedingly slight; 
calls particular attention to absences in the 10th. Pennsylvania; 
Capt. [Jacob] Ashmead should be ordered to his post at once or 
superseded; light infantry in 3d. and 5th. regiments should be 
proportioned properly and the 5th. company's incorporation in 
the 9th. regiment rectified; one or two officers from each brigade 
should be sent to collect the absent men. L. S. 4 pp. .F". 

1780. "Washing-ton, George. General and commander in cldef. "Head Quarters 
fan. 27. Morris Town" [New Jersey.] Letter to Maj. Gen. [Nathanael] 

Greene [Morristown]. Has considered the resolutions [of Con- 
gress] of Dec. 27th. and Jan. 14th. relating to express service; "it 
will be necessary for you to govern yourself by the first mentioned 
Act with respect to expresses except in the following instances — 
The Main Army The Post in the Highlands and at Fishkills [New 
York] and at Fort Pitt [Pennsylvania]"; number of expresses to 
be retained at these posts. Contemporary Copy. 1 p. Q°. 

1780. Washing-ton, George. General and commander in chief. Morristown 
Feb. 24. [New Jersey]. Letter to [Maj.] Gen. [Arthur] St. Clair [Spring- 

field, New Jersey]. Regrets that the state of the ice prevented 
his projected enterprise; orders him to headquarters on Monday 
next [Feb. 28th. ] ; court martial of Lt. Col. [John Eager?] HoAvard 
has been delayed for want of his evidence; invites him to dine on 
Monday. L. S. 1 p. F°. 

1780. [Harrison, Robert Hanson]. Lt. col. and aid de camp to Washington^ 
[March 21?] [Morristown, New Jersey.] Copy of resolves of Continental 

Congress of March 8, 1779; June 28, 1779, and March 21, 1780. 
A. D. 2 pp. F". 

Printed: Journals of Congress of given dates. 

1780. [Harrison, Robert Hanson]. Lt. col. and, aid de ramp to Washington^ 
[May 19?] [Morristown, New Jersey.] Copy of resolves of Continental 

Congress of May 19. A. D. 3 pp. F». 
Printed: Journals of Congress of given date. 

1780. Washington, George. General and commander in chief. Morristown 
May 26. [New Jersey] . Pardon of Emanuel Evans, Cornelius Nix, Thomas 

. Brown, Joseph Infelt, John Earhart, Matthew Bell, James Han- 

ley, Lancaster Lighthall, Thomas Clark and Thomas Colvin under 
sentence of death by court martial. D. S. Washington's seal 
attached. Countersigned "Robt. H. Harrison Secy " Endorsed: 
"Pardon sundry deserters May 26, 1780". 1 p. F". 



CALENDAR OB^ WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 55 

1780. "Washington, (ieorge. General and commander in chief. [Sp'-ingfield, 
June New Jersey.] ^Meinorandnm of New Jersey militia. Numbers 

present and expected at Springtield; regiments V)y counties, num- 
bers and commanders names. Various notes in Washington's 
handwriting. Endorsed by Washington : ' ' An imperfect & more 
than probably — an enlarged acct. of the Jersey Militia at Spring- 
field June. 1780" 2 pp. Q". 
I'niliably scut tci Brig. (ten. Henry Knox. Xiuiies given in index. 

1780. Washing-ton, George, (lenercd and commander in chief. "Head Quar- 
Aug. 20. ters, Orangetown" [New Jersey]. Letter to Major [Henry] Lee. 

Has received a petition from Joshua Anderson in consequence of 
Capt. [John] Rudolph seizing his horse; [Washington's] orders 
directed seizure of horses and cattle of disaffected persons only; 
directs that the horse be returned. Contemporary copy with 
attestation and signature of Richard Varick " Secy, to the Commr. 
in Chief". 1 p. F". 

1780. Washington, George. General and commander in cJiief. " Head Quar- 
Sept. 6. ters." [Hopper House, Bergen County, New Jersey.] Warrant 

to [Col.] Clement Biddle [Camp at Steenrapie, New Jersey]. 
Necessity compels authorization to impress forage and secure pas- 
turage for horses of the army; same to be procured within 15 
miles of camp; inhabitants to be indemnif ed for all seizures; this 
warrant to remain in force for 10 days. D. S. Countersigned by 
Robt. H. Harrison. 1 p. F». 

[1780.] [Washington, George]. General and commayider in chief . [Passaic Falls? 
[Nov. ] New Jersey.] Letter to Brig. Gen. [Edward] Hand [Camp?]. 

Orders him to take command of the expedition against the 
enemy's posts on north end of York Island [New York]; high 
opinion held of his al)ilities makes following observations to l)e 
reganled as hints and not positive instructions; success depends 
upon concealment and celerity of movement previous to the 
attack; Vjoats on river to be stopped; van-guard to kindle no fires 
and men to be forbidden to walk about; is to wait until dark 
before passing Fort Montgomery and Dunderburg; confidential 
person to answer sentry at Kings Ferry; directs them to place 
where they are to remain concealed during the day; on following 
night are to proceed with same precautions to the rendezvous on 
Jersey shore where baggage is to be left and s(;heme fully unfolded 
to every officer; minute instructions to be issued and van guard to 
be told off under picked and tried officers; ' ' is l)etter to have hours 
to spare than to be two minutes after the time for the attack"; 
flanking boats to act as scouts; are to set adrift every boat 
along shore to prevent information getting across; landing to be 
made at Col. [Lewis?] Morris' [jr?] house, said to be [Brig.] 
Gen. [Thomas?] Musgrove's quarters; instructions for dividing 
his forces and lines of march to different points of attack, Forts 
Tryon, George and Knyphausen; strategy to be exercised ; disposi- 
tions in case of partial success; signals to be used and their mean- 
ing; general instructions in case of repulse; line of retreat; 
notification oi failure to be sent that supporting parties may 
countermarch. A. L. S pji. F". 
Much mutilateci. 



56 CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 

17S1. [Washington, George.] General and commander in chief. Weathersfield 
May 22. [Connecticut]. Estimate of troops that it is possible to bring 

into the field to operate against New York. Tabular statements; 
enemy's strength. Endorsed by Stephen ^Nloylan: "May 1781 
Estimate of the force which it is supposed we shall be able to bring 
into the Field in case of an operation agt. New York — A Cox)y of 
this was given to Count Rochambeau at Weathersfield". A. D. 
1 p. F«. 

[1781.] Washing-ton, George. Genercd and commartder in chief. [New Windsor? 
[June ] New York.] Instructions to secret agents in New York. Are to 

' ' inquire minutely ' ' regarding size of garrisons in and arornid New 
York; report in detail all accessions or troops detached; ascertain 
if possible the size of forts, number of guns in each and disposition 
of troops upon an alarm; report number and size of ships in the 
harbor, also any details concerning reenforcements. 1 p. F". 
In handwriting of Richard Varick. 

1781. Washington, George. Genercda)idco)jimander in chief. [Peekskill, New 
July 1. York.] "After Orders." Hour of march and order to be fol- 

lowed; composition of the different divisions; [Major] Generals 
[Samuel Holden] Parsons, [Benjamin] Lincoln and [Robert] 
Howe to command divisions; Lt. Cols. [William Stephens] 
Smith, [Isaac] Sherman and [(ieorge] Reid to command brigades; 
instructions as to advance and rear guard; flanks to be protected; 
Quartermaster General [Col. Timothy Pickering] to furnish the 
route; rear guard to i^arade at 3 p. m. before "Commissary 
[Matthew?] Irwins Quarters"; "The Officers of the Day and 
those Commanding Battalions and Platoons will be answerable 
that no man quits his Platoon on any Pretense". Endorsed: 
"Peekskill, July 1st. 1781— After Orders— March of the Army". 
Contemporary copy. 2 pp. F". 

[1781?] [Washington, George.] General and commander in c]iief. [Phillipsburg? 
[July- Aug?] New York.] Estimate of French forces. Regiments and their 

strength; Bourbonnais, Soissonnais, Saintonge [Royal] Deux 
Ponts and Lauzun's [Legion]. A. D. 
Fragment. 

[1781?] [Washington, George.] General and commander in chief . [Phillipsburg? 
[July- Aug?] New York.] Estimate of British troops in New York City. 

Rangers, Highlanders, Volunteers, 3Iarine Artillery and City 
Militia. A. D. 

Fragment. 

1781. Washington, Cxeorge. Genercd. and commander in chief. [Headquarters 
Oct. 20-26. near Yorktown, Virginia.] Regimental orders. Oct. 20. Brig. 

Gen. [Moses] Hazen's brigade to parade at 10 o'clock tomorrow; 
return to be made of axes issued during the siege. After orders: 
Congratulates Army on the glorious event of yesterday [surrender 
of Lord Cornwallis] ; generous aid of French has contributed to 
the victory; extends thanks to the French officers, [Lt. Gen. Jean 
BaptisteDonatiende Vimeure,] Count de Rochambeau, [Lt.] Gen. 
[Antoine Charles du Houx,] Baron de Viomenil, [Maj. Gen. 
Francois Jean,] Chevalier de Chastellux, [Claude Henri Count 
de] "^larquis" St. Simon, [Maj. Gen. Charles Joseph Hyacinthe 
du Houx Marquis de] " Count du" Viomenil and B[rig.] G[en. 
Claude Gabriel] de Choisy [Choisi]; Rochambeau requested to 



CALENDAK OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 57 

1781. Washington, George — Continued. 
Oct. 20-26. thank the French officers and soldiers and present "the Pieces of 

brass" to the regiments of "Agnois and Doaupoints" [Ag^nois 
and Deux Ponts]. 

Oct. 25. — [Regimental orders.] Appoints Brig. Gen. Hazen, Lt. 
* Col. [Peter] Adams, INIajor J[ames] Hamilton, B[rigade?] Major 

[Capt. Richard?] IJoyd, [officers of the day] for tomorrow; 
Hazen' s brigade to furnish guards; Inspector of the division that 
furnishes the guards will receive orders from INIaj. Gen. [Arthur] 
St. Clair; [Brig.] Gen. [Anthony] Wayne's brigade will furnish 
the working parties. After orders: Directions regarding run- 
away slaves and mulattoes; D[avid?] Ross appointed superintend- 
ent of same; lists must be sent to Ross; discharge of firearms in 
vicinity of camp ])rohibited. 

Oct. 26. — [Regimental orders.] Appoints Maj. Gen. St. Clair, 
Lt. Col. [Josiah] Harmar, Maj. [Evan] Edwards, B[rigade] 
M[ajor, Capt. Richard?] Cox [officers of the day] for tomor- 
row; Wayne's brigade to furnish working parties tomorrow. 
Contemporary copy. 4 pp. F". 

IiKomplete. Part of after orders, Oct. 20, printed: Baker, Itinerary of 
Washington, 177.5-83, p. 246. Complete orders, Oet. 20, 25 and 26, printed: 
Smith, Orderly Book of the Siege of Yorktown. pp. 45-54. 

1781. "Washing-ton, (ieorge. General and commander in chief. "Camp near 
Oct. 25. York" [Virginia.] Orders to the Commissary General of Prisoners 

[Abraham Skinner] . Designates the different regiments of prison- 
ers to be quartered at Winchester and those to be quartered at 
Fort Frederick. Contemporary copy. 2 pp. Q". 

[1781.] [Washington, George.] General and commander in cJdef. [Yorktown, 
[Oct. ] Virginia.] Memorandum [of points to be considered in the capitu- 

lation]. Necessary "To answer the queries of Mr. [David] Ross." 
Respecting horses in possession of enemy, there are two points of 
view: dragoon horses and officers' horses, taken in action or stolen 
from citizens; best manner of benefiting the American officers to 
be considered; " to what extent Goods in the Clotheir's and Qr. 
Masters departmt. can be provided for the Army under the Articles 
of Capitulation." A. D. 1 p. F". 

1782. Washington, (jeorge. General and commander in chief. Philadelphia. 
Jan. 14. Letter to [Lt. Gen. Jean Baptiste Donatien de Vimeure,] Count de 

Rochambeau [Williamsburg, A^irginia]. Transmits a packet 
received from Sir Henry Clinton; has mentioned to [Lt.] Col. 
[Jean Baptiste] Ternant that his exchange was complete; Capts. 
[John?] Bert and [Bellecour] le Brun are at Charlottesville [Vir- 
ginia] with Col. [Charles] Armand [Tufin, Marquis de la Rouerie]; 
if [Francis,] Lord Rawdon is to be exchanged he should ])e con- 
sidered a Brigadier; Brig. Gen. [William] IMoultrie should be 
obtained for him. L. S. Endorsed by Rochaml)eau. 2 pp. F". 

1782. Washington, George. Genend and commander in chief. Philadelphia. 
Jan. 16. Letter to [Lt. Gen. Jean Baptiste Donatien de Vimeure,] Count de 

Rochambeau [Williamsburg, Virginia]. Has received his letter 
and will make the utmost exertions to prepare for combined 
operations; congratulates him on the l)irtli of the Dauphin. L. S. 
1 p. F". 



58 CALENDAK OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 

1782. "WasMng-ton, George. Genend and commander in chief. Philadelphia. 
Feb. 9. Letter to [Lt. Gen. Jean Baptiste Donatien de Vimeure,] CVjunt de 

Roehambeau [Williamsburg, Virginia,] relating to military 
matters and the campaign in the Carolinas. L. S. 4 ]>p. F". 
Printed: Ford, Writings of Washington, 9, 441. Sparks, Writings of Wash- 
ington, 8, 236. * 

1782. Wasliing'toii, George. Gener<d and commander in chief. Philadeli:)hia. 
Feb. 12. Letter to [Lt. Gen. Jean Baptiste Donatien de Vimeure,] Count 

de Roehambeau [Williamsburg, Virginia]. Requested him by 
letter of Dec. 10th. to grant passports on application of David Ross 
for vessels laden with tobacco for payment for goods purchased of 
British merchants at Yorktown; passports not granted by [Con- 
tinental] Congress may not be recognized as valid by privateers; 
requests him therefore to refer all applications to Secretary of 
Congress [Charles Thomson] ; has written Ross to this effect; has 
received his letter of 30th ult. ; thanks him for advancing pro- 
visions to British hospital at Gloucester; requests him to continue 
to do so; [Robert] Morris will repay him; better to keep prisoners 
than to dismiss them on parole as violation of same by privates 
would take place and could not be detected ; approves proposed 
exchange of convalescents captured on the ship Bonetta for equal 
number of British at Gloucester. L. S. 2 pp. F". 

1782. Washington, George. General and commander in chief. Philadelphia. 
Feb. 21. Letter to [Lt. Gen. Jean Baptiste Donatien de Vimeure,] Count 

de Roehambeau [Williamsburg, Virginia]. Has received his 
letter of 5th. inst. to which [Washington's] letters of 9th. and 
12th. will serve as answer; requested by letters of Jan. 14th. and 
Feb. 9, that he negotiate the exchange of Brig. Gen. [Francis] 
Lord Rawdon for Brig. Gen. [William] Moultrie; latter has, how- 
ever, been exchanged for Lt. Gen. [John] Burgoyne; asks him to 
propose to Sir Henry Clinton the exchange of Rawdon for 
Brig. Gen. [Charles] "Scot" of Virginia; [Armand Louis de 
Gontaut,] Due de Lauzun has arrived safe in France; the ship 
Androniaclie also is safe as answers have been received to [Wash- 
ington's] letters sent to Spain. L. S. 2 pp. F°. 

1782. Washington, George. General and commander in chief. Philadelphia. 
Feb. 23. Letter to [Lt. Gen. Jean Baptiste Donation de Vimeure,] Count 

[de] Roehambeau, Williamsburg, Virginia. Has received his 
letter of 10th. inst. ; was sorry to learn of the loss of the ship Dili- 
gente commanded by Chevalier [ ] Clonard; approved in a 
former letter [Feb. 12th.] exchange of British convalescents for 
those captured in the ship Bonetta; the 120 incurables sent away 
with Capt. [ ] Richardson are good riddance; [Robert] Morris 
will reimburse him for supplies sent to those remaining; thanks 
him for his donation to "our Hospital " at Williamsburg; Lt. Col. 
[Francis] Mentges mentioned that his bill drawn on the Pay- 
master General [John Pierce] for 50 French crowns had been 
protested; explains; amount will be paid to [Benoit Joseph de] 
Tarle; news from the island of St. Thomas is true in part; [Fran- 
cois Claude Armour,] Marquis du Bouillie [deBouille] and [Fran- 
cois Joseph Paul,] Count de Grasse [-Tilly] landed on the island 
of St. Kitts and are now liesieging the garrison of that place on 



CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 59 

1782. "Washing'ton, (Tcorge — Continued. 
Feb. 23. Brimstone Hill; has news of an action between de Grasse and 

Admiral [Viscount Samuel] Hood; thanks him for celebrating,' his 
])irthday. L. S. 3 pp. F». 

1782. Washingtoii, George. General (tud comtimnder in dilef. Philadelphia. 

Mar. 19. Letter to [Lt. Gen. Jean Baptiste Donatien de Vimeure,] Count 

de Rochambeau [Williamsburg, Virginia]. Movements of the 

French Army in Virginia and of the enemy in South Carolina 

and Georgia; naval victories. T^. S 2 pp. F". 

Priiitfd: Sparks, Writings of WashiiiKtoii, 8, 259. Mag. Amer. Hist. 7, 25. 

1782. Washing'ton, (Tcorge. < General niid aiiiimaiider in chief. "Head Quar- 
Apr. 23. ters Newburgh " [New York.] Letter to [Lt. Gen. Jean Baptiste 

Donatien de Vimeure,] Count de Rochambeau [Williamsburg, 
Virginia]. Has received his letter of the 6th. inst. with com- 
numication of [Maj.] Gen. [Nathanael] Greene of 10th. ult. ; is 
persuaded that no reenforcement will be sent from New York to 
the Carolinas by the enemy; is impatient for news from Europe; 
will meet him as proposed as soon as occasion shall demand; 
transports from Charleston have brought some broken corps 
captured with [Charles] Lord Cornwallis; the rumored intention 
of the enemy to take another port would benefit [the American 
cause]. L. S. 2 pp. Q". 

1782. ■Washing'ton, George. General and commander in chief. "Head Quar- 
May 5. ters" [Newburgh, New York.] Letter to [Lt.] Gen. James 

Robertson [New York]. Has received his letter of 1st. inst.; 
has not receded from position taken in letter of April 21st. to Sir 
Henry Clinton; orders have been given to select a British officer 
for retaliation. Contemporary copy. 2 pp. F". 

Printed: Ford, Writings of Washington, 10, 2. Sparks, Writings of Wash- 
ington, 8, 281. 

1782. Washington, George. General and commander in. chief. "Head Quar- 
May 5. ters Newburgh" [New York.] Letter to [Lt. Gen. Jean Baptiste 

Donatien de Vimeure, Count de Rochambeau, Williamsburg, Vir- 
ginia,] concerning present situation of affairs and army matters. 
L. S. 4 pp. F°. 
Printed: Sparks, Writings of Washington", 8, 288. Mag. Anier. Hist. 7, 25. 

1782. Washington, George. General and commander in cJdef. " Head (^uar- 

June 24. ters Newburgh" [New York.] Letter to [Lt. Gen. Jean Baptiste 

Donatien de Vimeure,] Count [de] Rochambeau [Williamsburg, 

Virginia,] concerning approaching campaign. L. S. 4 pp. F". 

Printed: Sparks, Writings of Washington, 8, 314. Mag. Amer. Hist. 7, 26. 

1782. Washington, George. General and commander in chief. "Head (Juar- 
June 24. ters Newburgh" [New York.] Letter to [Lt. Gen. Jean Bap- 

tiste Donatien de Vimeure,] Count [de] Rochambeau [Williams- 
burg, Virginia]. Received his letter of 8th. inst. at moment of 
sending enclosed one; agrees with his idea of not moving the 
French troops but leaves it entirely with him to act as circum- 
stances demand; places no reliance on news of the evacuation of 
Charlestown [South Carolina] and Savannah [(Tcorgia] ; l)elieves 
contrary is the case; has many things to communicate that he 
will not trust to paper. L. S. 2 ])p. F". 



60 CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 

1782. Wasliing'ton, George. General and commander in. chief. Newburgh 
Aug. 4. [New York.] Letter to [Lt. Gen. Jean Baptiste Donatien de Vi- 

meure,] Count de Rochambeau [Baltimore, Maryland]. Apolo- 
gizes for opening enclosed letter by mistake; was expecting dis- 
patches from Sir Guy Carleton; enemy are detaching from New 
York three regiments said to be for Charleston [South Carolina]; 
cannot tell if the French fleet now on the coast will divert them. 
A. L. S. 1 p. Y". 

1782. Wasliing'ton, George. General and commander in chief. "Head Quar- 
Aug. 10. ters," [Newburgh, New York.] Letter to [Louis Philippe de 

Regaud,] Marquis de Vaudreuil [Boston,] respecting his proposed 
attack on Penobscot. Contemporary copy. 7 pp. F". 
Enclosed in Washington, George Letter to Rochambeau 1782, Aug. 11. 

1782. Washington, George. General and commander iyi chief. " Head Quarters 
Aug. 11. Newburgh" [New York.] Letter to [Lt. Gen. Jean Baptiste 

Donatien de Vimeure,] Count de Rochambeau [Baltimore, Mary- 
land]. Has received his letter and correspondence with [Louis 
Philippe de Regaud,] Marquis de Vaudreuil by [Brig.] Gen. 
[Claude Gabriel] "deChoisey" [Choisi]; encloses copy of [Wash- 
ington's] letter to Vaudreuil and also copy of letter to Governor 
[John] Hancock [of Massachusetts] on the subject; is sorry to 
hear of sickness among his troops; much talk from New Y^ork of 
peace negotiations. L. S. 2 pp. F°. 

1782. Washington, George. Ge)teral and cummander in chief. "Head Quar- 
Aug. 16. ters Newburgh" [New York.] Letter to [Lt. Gen. Jean Bap- 

tiste Donatien de Vimeure,] Count de Rochambeau [Baltimore, 
Maryland,] concerning probabilities of peace and advising a 
junction of forces. L. S. 5 pp. F°. 

Printed: Ford, Writings of Washington, 10, 63. .Sparks, Writings of Wash- 
ington, 8, 33 (with omission). Mag. Amer. Hi.st. 7, 27. 

1782. Washington, George. General and conunander in chief. "Head Quar- 
Sept. 29. ters" [Verplancks Point, New York.] "Sunday." Letter to 

[Lt. Gen. Jean Baptiste Donatien de Vimeure,] Count de Roch- 
ambeau [Verplancks]. Visited the old camp site at Philipsl)urg 
[NewY'ork]; pasturage and forage obtainable there is good; gives 
reasons for moving the Army to that place; can put a temporary 
stop to any expedition to West Indies attempted by the enemy; 
if move is decided upon, cannot be ready on account of teams 
before end of this or beginning of next week. L. S. 3 pp. Q". 

1782. Washington, George. General and commander in chief. " Head Quarters 
Nov. 3. Newburgh" [New York.] Letter to [Lt. Gen. Jean Baptiste Dona- 

tien de Vimeure,] Count de Rochambeau [Hartford, Connecti- 
cut]. Has received his letter of 30th. ult. ; in last letter informed 
him that 14 ships of the line and 7 frigates had sailed from New^ 
Y'ork on 26th. ult. ; has not heard of the remainder sailing nor of 
the evacuation of Charleston [South Uarolina] ; nothing has trans- 
pired beyond what is in enclosed papers; encloses several letters 
to his care; one to [Louis Philippe de Regaud,] Marquis de Vau- 
dreuil, which he will please forward. L. S. 2 pp. Q°. 



CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 61 

1782. ■Washington, George. General and com mander in chief. ' ' Head Quarters ' '' 
Nov. 12. [Newhurgh, New York.] Letter to [Lt. Gen. Jean Baptiste Dona- 

tien de Vimeure,]- Count de Rocham})eau [Bolton? Connecticut]. 
Received his letter from Bolton; packet for the Minister of France 
[Anne C^sar Chevalier de la Luzerne] was forwarded at once; has 
no positive intelligence of the evacuation of Charleston l)ut thinks 
it has taken place; will inform him as soon as it is certain. L. S. 
Ip. Q". 

1782. Washington, George. (General and commander in chief. "Head (Quarters" 
Nov. 25. [Newburgh, New York.] Letter to [Lt. Gen. Jean Baptiste Dona- 

tien de Vimeure,] Count de Rochambeau [Providence? Rhode 
Island]. Has received his letter of 22d.; the packet for the 
[French] Minister [Anne C^sar Chevalier de la Luzerne] was for- 
warded; has no direct advices from Charleston [South Carolina]; 
encloses latest New York and Philadelphia papers; when he has 
finished with them wishes them forwarded to the Admiral [Louis 
Philippe de Regaud, Marquis de Yaudreuil]; reports of [Richard] 
Lord Howe's fleet and surrender of Gibraltar not very authentic; 
has £ C'counts that four British regiments are under orders at New 
York for embarkation. L. 8. 3 pp. Q". 

1782-83. Washing-ton, George. Genend and canimunder in cldef. Orderly Hook 
Nov. 26-Jan. 17. containing orders issued at Newburgh, New York, 1782, Nov. 26- 
1783, Jan. 17. At the close is a translation of a letter from the 
Chevalier de la Luzerne to Gen. Washington and the American 
Army, in response to congratulations on the birth of the Dauphin. 
1 vol. 8". i)p. 12B. 

1782. Washington, George. General and commander in chief . Newburgh [New 
Dec. 14. York]. Letter to His Excellency Elias Boudinot [Philadelphia]. 

Subscribed 20 or 25 guineas last winter towards the support of the 
children of the late Rev. [James] Caldwell; now wishes to know 
to whom he should pay the money; Mrs. [Martha] Washington 
sends her regards. A. L. S. 1 p. 8°. 

1782. Washington, George. General and commander in cJdef. Newburgh [New 
Dec. 14. York]. Letter to [Lt. Gen. Jean Baptiste Donatien de Vimeure,] 

Count de Rochambeau [Newburgh]. Cannot permit a departure 
from "this Country without repeating to you the higli sense I 
entertain of the Services you have rendered America"; expresses 
the feelings of his personal friendship; wishes him a safe voyage. 
A. L. S. 2 pp. Q". 

Printed: Ford, Writings of Washington, 10, llii. Sparks, Writings of Wash- 
ington, 8, 368. 

1782. Washington, George. General and com mander in cluef. " Head (Quarters 
Dec. 29. Newburgh" [New York.] Letter to [Lt. Gen. Jean liapti.-^te 

Donatien de Vimeure,] Count <le Rochambeau [Philadeljjhia,] 
respecting the two cannon i)resented by Congress. A. L. S. 
1 p. F°. 

Printed: Ford, Writings of Washington, 10, lit; (note). Sparks, Writings of 
Washington, 8, 368 (note). 

1783. Washington, George. General and commander in chief . Newburgh [>sew 
Feb. 9. York]. Extracts from general orders. Orders a l)oard of all the 

general officers in the cantonment to meet on Thursday next 



62 CALENDAE OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 

1783. Washington, George — Continued. 

Feb. 9. [Feb. 12th.] at place to be designated by Maj. Gen. [Horatio] 

Gates to consider Brig. Gen. [Moses] Hazen's memorial respect- 
ing a court martial and the conduct of [Thomas] Edwards, Judge- 
Advocate thereof. 

Feb. 20. Above board having considered the memorial and dismissed 

the first charge as being without the jurisdiction of a military 
court and found the second and third charges unsupported, the 
Commander in chief [Washington] approves the foregoing 
report. Contemporary copy. 2 pp. F". 

1783. Walker, Benjamin. Lt. col. and aid de camp to WasJdngton. "Head 
Feb. 16. Quarters" [Newburgh, New York.] Letter to Maj. Gen. [Hora- 

tio] (rates, Ellison's [near New Windsor, New York]. His 
Excellency [Washington] wishes opinion of board of general 
officers as to extent of operation of a sentence of an officer by a 
court-martial, to suspension for a given time. A. L. S. 

Reply to above: Opinion of board is that the officer so sen- 
tenced is suspended from ' ' Command pay and all other emolu- 
ments & is not under military control." A. L. S., "Horatio 
Gates — Maj. Gen. Presdt." Endorsed by Gates: "Report of a 
Board of General Officers held 16th Feby. 1783 Cantonment of 
New Windsor — Present: Major Generals Gates, Howe, Knox — 
Brigadier Generals Huntington, Hand, Dayton, Putnam." 2 pp. 
F». 

1783. Washing-ton, George. General and commander in chief . Newburgh [New 
April 3. York]. Extracts from general orders. Appoints Brig. Gen. 

[Jedidiah] Huntington and Colonels [Philip Van] Cortlandt and 
[Lewis] Nicola a court of inquiry to examine into the conduct of 
Brig. Gen. [Moses] Hazen and other officers respecting their 
assertions concerning Major James R[andolph] Reid. 
May 29. Accepts the following report of the court ordered on April 3, 

and directs that it be made public: From an investigation of the 
court martial of Gen. Hazen in 1780, Brig. Gen. [John] Stark Presi- 
dent, the court cannot find reason to justify the assertions alluded 
to in above orders. Contemporary copy. 2 pp. F». 

1783. Washington, George. General and coinmaiider hi cJiief. "Head Quar- 
May 3. ters ' ' [Newburgh, New York] . Proclamation announcing deci- 

sion of a board of c cers. Brig. Gen. [James] Greaton, President, 
and voting Sergt. Elijah Churchill, 2d. regiment of light dragoons 
" Honorary Badge of INIilitary Merit" for gallant action at Fort 
St. George and Fort Stongo, Long Island. " By His Excellency's 
Command Jona. Trumbull Junr. Secy." Endorsed: "Certificate 
for Badge of Military Merit granted to Sergeant Churchill 2d. 
Light Dragoons to Sergt. Brown 5th. Count, to Sergeant Bissell 
2d. Count." 

On verso is written a resolve of the Continental Congress, 
[Philadelphia] April 23, 1783, establishing the time of expiration 
of enlistments and allowing non-commissioned officers and pri- 
vates to retain their arms on being mustered out. Contemporary 
copy. 1 p. F". 

Resolve of Congress printed: Journals of Congress of given date. 



CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 63 

1783. Washing'toii, George. General and commander in chief. "Head Qrs. 
May 10. Newburgh " [New York.] Letter to [Lt. Gen. Jean Baptiste 

Donatien de Yimeure,] Count de Rochambeau [Paris]. Con- 
gratulates hiiu on his safe arrival [in France] ; acknowledges the 
great help given liy France in the Revolution; country lias become 
trancjuil since the preliminary articles were ratified; British still 
continue at New York; has had a conference with [Lt.] Gen. [Sir 
Guy] Carleton at Dobbs Ferry [New York] ; was informed by 
him that he had sent 6,000 Refugees or Loyalists to Halifax and 
other jiarts of Nova Scotia; he is making efforts to have his troops 
withdrawn ; nothing definite can be oonsidered until the anxiously 
looked for definitive treaty arrives. A. L. S. 2 pp. F". 

1783. 'Washing'ton, (^eorgc. (reneral a)id commander hi diief. "Head Quar- 
June 11. ters, Newlmrgh" [New York.] Circular letter to [tlie Governors 

of the different States] on disbanding the .\.rmy. The four great 
objects necessary to be kept in view to insure a stable and lasting 
government are dwelt upon at length and the troops that served 
under him are recommendeil to the care of the States. L. S. 
20 pp. F°. 

Printed: Ford, Wriliuss of Wasliinglou, 10, 2o4, under date of June 8. 
Sparks, Writings of Washington, 8, 439, under date of June 8. Copies of 
tliis letter are dated June 8 and June 18. It was presented to Congress for 
approval June 11. 

1783. Washing-ton, George, (leneral and commander in chief. "Head (^uar- 
June 24. ters Newburgh" [New York.] Letter tn the general oflicers of 

the Army. Requests their opinion on three questions proposed 
concerning the controversy between Brig. Gen. [Moses] Hazen 
and Major [James Randolph] Reid; encloses original papers on 
the subject; gives list of papers enclosed. L. S. 3 pp. Q'\ 

1783. "Washington, George. General and commander in chief. Princeton [New 
Oct. 15. Jersey]. Letter to Lt. Gen. [Jean Baptiste Donatien de Yimeure,] 

Count de Rochambeau [Paris?] . Thanks him for kind sentiments 
in his letters of April 14th and July 13th; as mentioned in letter 
of jNIay 10th [Washington] does not think hecan visit France; Con- 
gress is to establish its permanent seat on the Falls of the Dela- 
ware, near Trenton; expects to remain with Congress until the 
arrival of the definitive treaty or until New York is evacuateil; 
then expects to retire to private life; [Lt.] Gen. [Sir Guy] Carle- 
ton has sent word he will evacuate [New York] by Nov. 20th; in 
course of last summer made a tour of Lakes George and Champlain, 
up Mohawk river to Fort Stanwick, crossed to Wood Creek and 
on return viewed Lake Otsego at head of eastern branch of the 
Susquehannah; nothing new has hapjiened except the arrival of 
[Peter John] Van Berkel, the Dutch Minister, and a number of 
foreigners. A. L. S. 4 pp. F". 

1783. Washing'ton, George. General and comnLander in chief. Rocky Hill, [four 
Oct. 29. miles north of Princeton,] New Jersey. Letter to [Lt. Gen. Jean 

Baptiste Donatien de Yimeure,] Count de Rochambeau [Paris?]. 
The officers of the American Army before separating formed them- 
selves into a society of friends under the name of the Cincinnati; 
[Washington] has ])een made President General; takes pleasure 
in informing him that he and the generals and colonels of his 
armv then in America are considered members; Major [Peter 



64 CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 

1783. Washington, George — Continued. 
Oct. 29. Charles] L' Enfant will deliver this letter and is charged with the 

execution of the American officers' ' ' Orders ' ' ; requests Rocham- 
beau to deliver the "Orders" to his officers; will transmit the 
diplomas as soon as thej' are completed. L. S. 3 pp. Q°. 

1783. Washington, George. General and commander in dikf. Princeton [New 
Nov. 1. Jersey]. Letter to [Lt, Gen. Jean BaptisteDonatiendeVimeure,] 

Count {de] Rochambeau [Paris?]. Since writing last, a fortnight 
ago, has received his letter of April 24th. through kindness of [Maj.] 
Gen. [Louis Lebeque, Chevalier] Duportail; declines in%dtation 
of the King [Louis XVI] to visit France; has [just received news 
of signing of the Definitive Treaty of Peace at Paris, Sept. 3d; 
presents his compliments to [Col. Donatien Marie Joseph de 
Vimeure,] Viscount de Rochambeau and other French officers 
who served in America. A. L. S. 2 pp. Q". 

1783. Maryland, [State] Annapolis. Account of arrival and entertainment of 
Dec. 26. Washington. 

Address of Governor W [illiam] Paca and the General Assembly 
to Washington. The great work he has accomplished; wishes for 
his continued health and prosperity. 

Washington's answer to above. Will remember the pleasing 
welcome received; his wishes for the prosperity of ^laryland. 

General Assembly of Maryland. Congratulatory address to 
Washington, Annapolis, Dec. 22, 1783. The high sense enter- 
tained of his valorous and patriotic actions. 

Washington's answer to above. Acknowledges the interposi- 
tion of Providence in bringing about the success of the recent 
conflict. Contemporary copy. 4 pp. F". 

1784. Washington, George. Mt. Vernon. Letter to Maj. Gen. [Arthur] St. 
Feb. 22. Clair [Philadelphia]. Has received his letter of Jan. 29th., in 

response to his circular letter of Dec. 28th. [as Prest. of the Society 
of the Cincinnati] ; is sorry to find his State will be poorly repre- 
sented at the general meeting in May; hoped the first meeting of 
the society would be well attended and desires that [St. Clair] 
will endeavor to be preseiat. A. L. S. 1 p. Q". 

1784. Washington, George. Philadelphia. Letter to [Jean Baptiste Donatien 
May 15. de Vimeure,] Count de Rochambeau [Paris?]. His letters to the 

Society of the Cincinnati have been read with attention; gratefully 
acknowledges the liberal subscriptions of the French officers; 
regrets that the national donation cannot be accepted; Count de 
la Lancour by sending a detachment from St. Domingo at his 
own risk is entitled to a membership in the society; the claims 
with memorials, petitions and letters relative thereto, will be sent 
to the society in France with a copy of the "institution" as 
amended and a circular letter containing the reasons for such 
amendments. L. S. "Go. Washington, Presidt." 2 pp. F". 

1784. Washington, George. Philadelphia. Letter to [Jean Baptiste Donatien 
May 16. de Vimeure,] Count de Rochambeau [Paris?] recommending- 

[Charles] Armaud [Tufin,] Marquis de la Rouerie. A. L. S- 
2 pp. Q". 
Printed: Sparks, Writings of Washington. 9, 44. 



CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 65 

1784. Washington, George. Philadelphia. Letter to [Jean Baptiste Donatien 
May 17. ile Vimeure,] Count de Rochambeau [Paris?]. Will gain full 

knowledge of the proceedings and actions of the Society of the 
Cincinnati from the official letters and other proceedings of the 
general meeting held at [Philadelphia] ; that part of the society 
in France must decide hereafter upon the claims of their coun- 
trymen to membershiji. A. L. 8. 2 pp. Q". 

1784. Washing-ton, George. Mt. Vernon. Letter to [Jean Baptiste Donatien 
Aug. 20. de Vimeure,] Count de Rochambeau [Calais?] concerning his 

appointment to Governorship of Picardy and Society of the 
Cincinnati matters. A. L. S. 2 pp. Q". 

Printed: Ford, Writings of Washington, 10, 400. Sparks, Writings of Wash- 
ington, 9, .55. 

1784. Washington, George. Mt. Vernon. Letter to [Lt. Gen. Jean Baptiste 
Nov. 25. Donatien de Vimeure,] Count de Rochaml)eau [Calais]. Has 

received his letter of Sept. 9th. enclosing copy of letter from [Col. 
Louis Philippe] ^Marquis de Segar [S^gur] ; expresses ajipreciation 
of the attention the King [Louis XVI] bestows on the Order of 
the Cincinnati; the pleasure of Prince Henry of Prussia in view- 
ing [Washington's] picture is very flattering. A. L. S. 1 p. Q". 

1785. Washington, George. Mt. Vernon. Letter to [Jean Baptiste Donatien 
Sept. 7. de Vimeure,] Count de Rochambeau [Calais?]. Has received his 

letters of Sept. 9, [1784] and Feb. 24, [1785] the first enclosing list 
of new promotions and additional members of the Society of the 
Cincinnati as consented to by the King [Louis XVI]; as he has 
been informed by [Marie Jean Paul Joseph Roche Yves Gilbert du 
Motier] ^larquis de la Fayette, [Washington's] time is now spent 
in rural pursuits; the British still hold the ports on the Great 
Lakes; with respect to the Sj^aniards thinks that the navigation 
of the Mississippi is of no importance at present; when the west 
is settled those settlers "will not be deprived of natural advan- 
tages"; encloses letter and original papers for Capt. [ ] de 
Pusignan A. L. S. 3 pp. Q". 

1785. Washington, George. Mt. Vernon. Letter to [Jean Baptiste Donatien 
Dec. 1. de Vimeure,] Coimt de Rochambeau [Calais?]. Franklin's elec- 
tion to Governorship of Pennsylvania; condition of the United 
States; a spark would set the countrv in a l^laze. A. L. S. 4 pp. 

Q". 

I'rinted: Sparks, Writings of Wasliington, '.t, 149. 

1786. Washington, George. Mt. Vernon. Letter to [Jean Baptiste Donatien 
July 31. de Vimeure,] Count de Rochambeau [Calais?]. Chances of war; 

treaty with Prussia; British still holding the frontier posts; death 
of Gen. [Nathanael] Greene. A. L. S. 4 pp. Q°. 

1787. [Washington, George.] Diary from May 1 1 to Nov. 15, 1787 including the 
May 11-Nov. 15. jjeriod of attendance at the Federal Convention at Philadelphia. 

May 11. Baltimore, Skerret's Tavern, Havre de Grace; May 12, 
Havre de Grace, Head of P.Ik, Wilmington; May 13, Wilmington, 
Chester, Philadelphia; May 14-Sept. 17, Phila<lelphia; Sept. 18, 
Philadelphia, Chester; Sept. 19, Che.ster, Wilmington, Head of 
Elk; Sept. 20, Head of FAk, Havre de Grace, Skerret's Tavern; 

19108—01 5 



66 CALENDAE OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 

1787. [Washing'ton, George] — Continued. 

May 11-Nov. 15. Hept. 21, Baltimore, "Major Snowden's "; Sept. 22, Bladensburg, 
Georgetown, Alexandria, Mt. Vernon; Sept. 23-Nov. 15, ]Mt. 
Vernon. A. D. 71 pp. 12". 

Diary, May 11-Sept. 22 printed with omissions: Pa. Mag. of Hist. & Biog. XI, 
296-308, Philadelpiiia Times, July 13, 1887. The volume is probably the origi- 
nal notebook from which the amplified diary, now in the Department of State, 
was written at a later period. 

1788. Washing-ton, George. Mt. Vernon. Letter to [Jean Baptiste Donatien 
May 28. de Vimeure,] Count de Roehambeau [Calais?]. Introduces 

[Joel] Barlow, an author well known in literary circles; author 
of "an admirable Poem" ["The Vision of Columbus" Hartford, 
1787] ; nothing worthy of mention has happened since last writ- 
ing except the adoption of the Constitution by Maryland, liy a 
very great majority. A. L. S. 2 pp. Q". 

1788. Washing'ton, George. Mt. Vernon. Letter to [Jean Baptiste Donatien 
Nov. 27. de Vimeure,] Count de Roehambeau [Calais?]. Commends 

Gouverneur [Morris] to his attention as he will pass through Calais 
on his way to England; in America everything is peaceful; is 
sorry to see signs of a general war in Europe; deplores the effu- 
sion of blood; [Roehambeau] has his best wishes "in peace or 
in war". A. L. S. 1 p. Q". 

1790. Washing-ton, George. Fremdent of tJie United Slates. New York. Letter 

April 26. to "Lieutt. Genl." [Jean Baptiste Donatien de Vimeure,] Count 

de Roehambeau, "Calais or Paris". Has received his letter of 

April 3d., [1789]; introduces [Elias?] Horry of South Carolina. 

A. L. S. 1 p. Q". 

1793. Washing'ton, George. President of tlte United States. Philadelphia. Let- 
Jan. 30. ter to Col. William Washington [Charleston, South Carolina]. 
His letter of October 15th, [1792] to Major G[eorge] A[ugustine] 
Washington reached the latter at Col. [Burwell] Bassett's, New 
Kent, Virginia; had sailed thither about the middle of October 
for his health; by last accounts the IMajor is alive, but so low as 
not to be able to survive many days; balance due on account of 
"Royal Gift" [jackass] to be forwarded in most convenient 
manner; is too late in the season to send him safely to Mt. Ver- 
non; commits him to his care for another season. Letter-press 
copy of A. L. S. 2 pp. Q". 

1793. Washington, George. President of the United Slates. Philadelphia. Let- 
Jan. 31. ter to Charles "Thompson" [Thomson, Philadelphia?]. Wishes 
to appoint him a commissioner to treat for peace with the West- 
ern Indians. Letter-press copy of A. L. S. 2 pp. Q". 

A similar letter addressed to Charles Carroll, of Carrolton is printed in 
Ford, Writings of Washington, 12, 257, under date of Jan. 23, 1793. 

1793. Washington, George. President of the United States. Philadelphia. Let- 
July 21. ter to Col. B[urgess] Ball [Fredericksburg, Virginia]. Has 
received his letter of 11th inst. ; thanks [William] Fitzhugh for 
his confidence; has sent Howell Lewis to Mt. Vernon [as mana- 
ger]; would have preferred his brother Lawrence; could place 
confidence in him; prefers a single man; married man adds to 



CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 67 

1793. "Washington, George — Continued. 
Julv 21. expense; Lawrence Lewis reported about to be married; [Wash- 

ington] will probably apply [to Ball] for buckwheat as his own 
supply is exhausted. Lettcr-xirei^fi copii of A. L. S. 2 pp. Q". 
Printed in part: Ford, Writings of Washington, 12.303. 

1793. "Washing-ton, George. President of the United States. Philadelphia. Let- 
Ang. 11. ter to Col. John Fitzgerald [Alexandria, Virginia]. Letter of 

the 3d inst. received; if there has l)een a written agreement 
between [Anthony] Whiting and the Alexandria tenant, will 
abide by it; if not, cannot permit tenant to remain; well remem- 
bers the conversation with him; had been told by his "deceased 
nephew" jNIajor [George Augustine] Washington of tenant's 
agreement as to fence; leaves the entire matter to Fitzgerald; is 
pleased to learn of the flourishing condition of the Potomac 
[Navigation Company]; policy and interest point towards the 
Shenandoah. Letter-press copy of A. L. S. 2 pp. Q". 

1793. "Washington, George. President of the United States. Philadelphia; 
Aug. 18. Letter to "Fanny" [Frances Washington, Virginia]. Was 

unable last Sunday [11th.] to answer her letter of 7th. inst.; 
always wishes to aid by advice in the management of her estate; 
the sentiments expressed in his letter of June 10th. the best he 
could form under recollections of the will of the testator [George 
Augustine Washington]; deems it best to "allot the Negros" in 
Fairfax and Berkeley [counties] in the manner proposed in her 
letter of the 7th. ; her ideas would not change conditions in Berke- 
ley; [W^ashington's] plan of a man and boy and two plows would 
accomplish same result with less expense; is too late this season 
to try this experiment; suggests looking al)out for a new over- 
seer; farm seems to be of inconvenient size; a man and wife just 
from England would be the best managers. Letter-press copnj of 
A. L. S. 2 pp. Q°. 

1793. "Washington, George. President of the United States. Philadelphia. Let- 
Sept. 1. ter to Gouverneur Morris [Paris]. Introduces [Tobias] Lear; 
latter is possessed of Washington's entire confidence and will 
give true information as to affairs in America; mercantile inter- 
ests have taken [Lear] to Europe for a short time. Letter-press 
copy of A. L. S. 1 p. Q°. 

1793. "Washington, George. President of the United States. Philadelphia. Let- 
"Sept. 1. ter to Thomas Pinckngy [London]. Though [Tobias] Lear is 

already known to him, must give him this letter of introduction; 
his services entitle [Lear] to [Washington's] warmest friendship; 
can give best account of state of affairs in America; mercantile 
matters take him to Europe. Letter-press copy of A. L. S. 1 p. Q". 

1794. "Washington, George. President of the United States. Philadelphia. Let- 
Feb. 23. ter to Bushrod [Washington, Virginia]. Letter of I3th. inst. 

with enclosures received; has put his signature to drafted answer 
and returns same "with the Bill"; "renunciation" of the 
executorship of will of Col. [George William] Fairfax stands on 
record in the General Court; <iesires no agency nor administra- 
tion in the estate; is pleased to hear of his success in law; "let 



68 CALENDAK OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 

1794. "Wash.ing'toii, George — Continued. 
Feb. 23. honor & probity be your polar star"; Aunt [Martha Washing- 

ton] and all join in regards to him and "Nancy" [Anne Black- 
burn, Bushrod's wife]. Letter-press copy of A. L. S. 1 p. Q^ 

1794. Washington, George. President of the United States. Philadelphia. Let- 
March 10. ter to [Lt. Col.] John Francis Mercer [Annapolis, Maryland]. 
Has received from [John] Gwinn deed [of manor of Woodstock, 
Montgomery county, Maryland,] from himself and lady, Dr. 
[James] Stuart and lady and Miss [Elizabeth] Spriggs to him; it 
is not the same as that executed at Philadelphia a year before; 
wishes to know the reason for changes; no record of survey is 
attached to this deed; believes it imperfect; will write to Gwinn 
about it; Mercer's draft in favor of Stuart was paid at sight. 
Letter-press copy of A. L. S. 2 pp. Q". 

1794. Washington, George. President of the United States. Philadelphia. Let- 
Mar. 10. ter to William Herbert [Alexandria, Virginia]. Bond of Sidney 
George the only unsettled matter in his administration of Col. 
Thomas ColviU's estate; [George?] Chalmers, who says he had 
correspondence with Col. [John] Carlyle concerning same in 1774 
thinks there must be a letter relating to payment to John West 
of £100 on account; requests information concerning this; is about 
to decide with George respecting the bond. Letter-p)ress copy of 
A. L. S. 1 p. Q". 

1794. Washington, George. President of the United States. Philadelphia. Let- 
Mar. 31. ter to William Tilghman [Alexandria, Virginia]. Favor of 23d. 
received; will be regulated by law in case of [Sidney] George and 
[George?] Chalmers; if latter has received and not paid £100 on 
bond due [Col. Thomas] ColviU's estate, should in justice pay 
interest on same; if principle is opposed thereto must be con- 
tent with what Chalmers will pay; wishes George's account set- 
tled and a new bond taken; if laws of Maryland have stopped 
interest during the war [of the Revolution] the estate must lose 
[Chalmer's] interest; in Virginia the case would be different; has 
recently recovered a heavy debt with interest on a bond dated 
before the war. Letter-press copy of A. L. S. 2 pp. Q". 

1794. Washington, George. President of the United States. Philadelphia. Let- 
Apr. 13. ter to [George?] Minor [Alexandria, Virginia]. Has received a 
letter from Dr. [David] Stuart informing him of depredations on 
[Washington's] land; thanks for offer to watch and guard it; vests 
him with power to protect same; a year or two ago had requested 
Bushrod W^ashington to prosecute trespassers; vigorous action 
necessary ; has directed William Pearce to confer with [Minor] on 
this subject. Letter-press copy of A. L. S. 2 pp. Q". 

1794. Washington, George. President of the United States. Philadelphia. Let- 
May 6. ter to Tobias Lear [England]. Letter of Jan. 26th. with Capt. 
[Thomas] Truxton's postscript and that of Feb. 13th. received; 
has not received either letter or box from Glasgow," nor letter by 
the ship Peggy; acknowledges receipt of watch and portrait of 
Earl of Buchan [David Stewart Erskine] ; will remit for articles 
sent from Glasgow and London; will arrange same through 
[John?] Dalton; glad to hear of the Earl of Buchan and Sir John 



CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 69 

1794. Washing-ton, George — Continued. 
May 6. Sinclair's kindness; places great reliance on [Lear's] intelligence 

as to state of affairs [in England] ; has directed [William] Pearce 
to look to the fruit trees Avhen the Peggy arrives at Georgetown 
[Maryland] ; His Britannic Majest}''s orders of June 8th. and Nov. 
6th. [1793] respecting neutral vessels have aroused great discon- 
tent; order of Jan. 8th. [1794] has allayed the excitement some- 
what; reparation will be demanded for spoliations of trade resulting 
from these and non-conformity to articles of treaty [Definitive 
Treaty of Peace] ; John Jay has been appointed envoy extraordi- 
nary with John Trumbull as his secretary, to negotiate the ditE- 
(■ulty; they will sail [for England] in a few days; bills passed by 
Congres.s to fortify seacoast and increase the Army; bills pending; 
embargo act has passed the House [of Representatives] ; quotes 
act; failed in the Senate by the casting vote of the Vice-President 
[John Adams]; " sequestration " of British property and like 
measures have been agitated in the House; packet from [Antoine 
Francoise de MoUeville de] Bertrand to [Thomas] Jefferson has 
been forwarded; Jefferson resigned the office of Secretary of State 
on Jan. 1st. [1794] ; Attorney General [Edmund] Randolph suc- 
ceeded him; Judge [William] Bradford of Pennsylvania has 
been appointed Attorney General; encloses copy of his letter of 
Dec. 12th. [1793] sent to Arthur Young by William Morris; had 
then no knowledge of Young's appointment as Secretary of the 
National Board of Agriculture [of Great Britain] ; desires to rent 
[the Mt. Vernon farms] ; wishes to dispose of lands restored him by 
M. [ ] DeBarth and those in Fayette and Washington coun- 

ties [Pennsylvania]; mentions his prices; idea is to reduce and 
concentrate his income; mentions the unproductiveness of his 
estate; gives extent of lands on the Ohio and Great Kanawha 
rivers which he wishes to sell; wishes Prof. [James] Anderson 
[of Edinburgh] could be induced to come to America; his letters 
are under consideration; hears frequently of his [Lear's] son's 
Lincoln through [John?] Langdon; [Samuel] "B — ts" [Blodget's] 
agency in the lottery [Federal Lottery No. 1] gives Commis- 
sioners [appointed to prej^are the Public Buildings in Washington 
City for reception of Congress, Daniel Carroll, David Stuart and 
Thomas Johnson] much uneasiness; can only make a flying trip 
to Mt. Vernon this summer; has taken a house in Germantown 
for July and August; Mrs. [Martha] Washington, Nelly [Eleanor 
Parke Custis] and rest of the family send regards etc. Leiler-press 
copy of A. L. S. 11 pp. Q°. 

Printed: Ford, Writings of Washington, 12, 370 and 424 (in part). Sparks, 
Writings ot Washington, 10, 408 (in part). 

1794. Washington, George. President of the United Statei^. Philadelphia. Let- 
June 16. ter to James Ross [Pittsburg? Pennsylvania]. Appoints him 
agent to sell lands in Fayette and Washington counties [Pennsyl- 
vania]; price to be obtained; will accept cash payment of } the 
amount and the remainder in 4, 5, and 6 years if prompt i>ayment 
of interest is guaranteed; extent of tracts, improvements etc. 
described; has asked Col. Presley Neville to recommend [Pearson] 
Chapman to [Ross]; has determined to sell the lands on the Ohio 
and Kanawha rivers at $3| per acre; will also dispose of small tract 
at Great Meadows [Pennsylvania] on "Braddock's road". Let- 
ter-pvess copy of A. L. S. 4 pp. Q°. 



70 CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 

1794. Wasliington, George. President of the United States. Philadelphia. Let- 
June 16. ter to Col. Presley Neville [Pittsburg, Pennsylvania,] respecting 
western lands. Letter-press copy of A . L. S. 7 pp. Q°. 
Printed: Sparks, Writings of Washington, 12, 317. 

1794. Washington, George. President of the United States. Philadelphia. Let- 
July 27. ter to Col. Burgess Ball [Leesburgh, Virginia]. Wrote 8 to 10 
daj's ago concerning the "Tilthammer"; has received meantime 
his letter of the 15th. inst. ; cannot advise as to hammer; if 
disposed to sell land [recently] purchased. United States may buy 
it to build an arsenal thereon; preference has been given his land 
on [Potomac] river above Great Falls in report submitted to War 
Department; has had small chance to judge the character of 
[negro?] Crow as an overseer; was appointed to Union farm after 
[Washington] leftMt. Vernon; his bad and good traits of charac- 
ter specified; believes he will make a good overseer under careful 
watch; should get a written agreement from him. Letter-press 
copy of A. L. S. 4 pp. Q°. 

1794. Washington, George. President of the United States. Philadelphia. 
Aug. 1. Letter to James Ross [Pittsburg? Pennsylvania]. Has received 

no answer to his letter of June 16th; sends this duplicate; has 
received offer from Col. Israel Shreve for tract in Fayette county 
[Pennsylvania] ; Mr. [ ] Jackson of Redstone [Fayette county] 
without authority told Shreve that Washington's price was 30s. 
an acre; has never, since partnership with Gilbert Simpson was 
dissolved, contemplated getting less than 40s. ; stated terms to an 
inquirer last winter; informed Col. Shreve that [Ross] is agent for 
these lands and referred the matter to him. Letter-press copy of 
A. L. S. 3 pp. Q°. 

1794. Washington, George. President of the United States. " German Town " 
Aug. 10. [Pennsylvania]. Letter to Col. Charles M. Thruston [Fred- 

erick, Virginia]. Navigation of the Mississippi and the rebellion 
in western Pennsylvania. Letter-press copy of A. L. S. 4 pp. Q". 
Printed: Ford, Writings of Washington, 12, 450. Sparks, Writings of Wash- 
ington, 10, 425. 

1794. Washington, George. President of tJte United States. "German Town" 
Aug. 28. [Pennsylvania]. Letter to Tobias Lear [Georgetown, District of 

Columbia]. Acknowledges receipt of his letter of the 22d. inst.; 
glad to learn of his safe arrival in Georgetown and business success 
in England, Scotland and Holland; expects a visit from him; his 
mother and [son] Lincoln are well; encloses letter sent him 
[while in Europe] to have been delivered him by John Jay; 
reason for its non-delivery then; quotes from Jay's letter of July 
23d. to [Washington] ; the copy of the letter to [Arthur] Young 
[from Washington] shows his sentiments regarding "back lands" 
[on Ohio and Great Kanawha rivers] ; hopes to visit Mt. Vernon 
inSeptember or October; rebellion in western counties [Whiskey 
Insurrection in Pennsylvania] may prevent it. Letter-press copy 
of A. L. S. 3 pp. Q". 

1794. Washington, George. President of tlie United States. "German Town" 

Aug. 31. [Pennsylvania]. Letter to Thomas Peter [Georgetown, District 

of Columbia]. Acknowledges receipt of letter of the 27th. inst. ; 



CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 7l 

1794. Washing-ton, George — Continued. 
Aug. 31. would loan £2000 if he had it; receipts and expenditures of his 

estate have been able only to balance for some years l)ack; does 
not know of any one who could lend such a sum; promises to let 
him know if he should hear of one; hints of expediency of bor- 
rowing from a bank; believes the speculation to which sum would 
be applied a good one [buying lots in Federal City]. Letter-pres? 
rn/ii/ of A . L. >S'. 3 pp. Q". 

1794. Washington, George. President of (he Vniicd Stakx. "German Town" 
Sept. 8. [Pennsylvania]. Letter to Rev. [Bryan, Lord] Fairfax [Mt. 

Eagle, Virginia]. Wishes information concerning^suit against 
''the Representatives, or security of the deceased Dr. [William] 
Savage"; encloses Peter Trenor's letter and his answer to same; 
Trenor's statement as to Washington's letter to him of Nov. 16th., 
1786; can remember nothing concerning him. Letter-presx ropy of 
A. L. S. 2 pp. Qo. 

1794. Washington, George. President of the United States. Philadelphia. Let- 
Sept. 8. ter to John Lewis [Fredericksburg, Virginia]. Encloses letters 
that passed between him and John Cowper respecting latter's 
bond; returns same; Cowper evidently means to delay payment; 
final settlement to be "carried out to the credit of our joint con- 
cern"; advises closing out the matter; should not lose anything 
by the purchase of "old Marmaduke N. fleet"; wishes report 
as sooix as business is completed. Letter-press copy of A. L. S. 
3 pp. Q". 

1794. Washington, George. President of the United States. "German Town" 
Sept. 13. [Pennsylvania]. Letter to James Ross [Pittsburg]. Received 

through [William] Bradford his letter of the 3d. inst. with $267 
on account of Col. [John] Cannon's bond; will dispose of the 
Fayette and Washington county [Pennsylvania] lands on the 
terms mentioned in his letter of the 3d. inst. ; is more concerned 
about the question of punctuality of interest jiayments than 
length of credit to be allowed; understands the difficulty in get- 
ting letters through the western counties at this tijne. Letter-press 
ropy of A. L. S. 2 pp. Q°. 

1794. Washington, George. President of t]ie United States. Philadelphia. Let- 
Sept. 21. ter to [Dr.] David Stuart [Hope Park, Fairfax county, Virginia,] 
respecting management of the estate of Samuel [Washington]. 
Letter-press copy of A. L. S. 4 pj). Q". 
Printed: Ford, Writing.s of Washington, 12, 462. 

1794. Washington, George. Presidentof the United States. Philadelphia. Let- 

Xov. 9. ter to Sir John Sinclair [Scotland]. Sends a copy of "A View of 

the United States of America in a series of Papers" written by 

the "Commissioner of our revenue" [Tench Coxe]; hopes he 

will enjoy reading it. Letter-press copy of A. L. S. 2 pp. Q". 

Printed: The Correspondence of Sir John Sinclair. Lond. 1831. 2,20. 

1794. Washington, George. L^resident of the United States. Philadelphia. Let- 

Nov. 19. ter to Lund Washington [Mt. Vernon]. Has sent money to 

[William] Pearce to take up his bond; sends copies of accounts 

which were kept in his absence from Mt. Vernon, by George 



72 CALENDAK OF WASHINGTON MANUSCEIPTS. 

1794. Washington, George — Continued. 

Nov. 19. A[gustine] Washington; this manner of settlement the same as 

pursued with John Mercer under advice of [Edmund] Randolph, 
Attorney General of the United States; intended settling in Octo- 
ber but -svestern trouble [Whiskey Insurrection] caused it to slip 
his mind; asks him to send account, if any, for [ ] Smith's 
services; wishes he could hear better reports of his health from 
Dr. [James ?] Tate. Letter j^ress copy of A. L. S. 2 pp. Q". 

1795. Washing-ton, George. President of the Vnited States. Philadelphia. Let- 
Feb. 15. ter to John Jameson [Culpeper county, Virginia]. Acknowl- 
edges receipt of his letter of Jan. 30th. ; also one from his brother; 
encloses letter of his uncle, Mr. Jameson of York [Pennsylvania] ; 
reason for delaying the payment of $80; has received nothing 
from the [Canal] Company [of Pennsylvania] for 20 years; asks 
to see the treasurer's books; wishes him to pay t'le §80; will 
honor a sight draft; authorization to guard [Washington's] inter- 
ests in the Dismal Swamp Company enclosed; asks for informa- 
tion concerning value of stock of same. Letter-press copy of A. L. S. 
3 pp. Q". 

1795. Washington, George. President of the United States. Philadelphia. 
Feb. 16. Authorization to John Jameson of Culpeper county, Virginia, to 

repre^ nt and act for him in the Dismal Swamp [Canal] Com- 
pany. Letter-press copy of A. L. S. 1 p. Q°. 
Enclosed in Washington, George Letter to John Jameson 1795, Feb. 15. 

1795. Washington, George. President of the United States. Philadelphia. Let- 
Feb. 18. ter to Col. William [Augustine] Washington [Westmoreland 

county, Virginia] Regrets delay of his letter of last November; 
acknowledges receipt of his letter of Jan. 29; recommends acad- 
emies at Andover and Hingham, Massachusetts, as good places for 
his sons; has instituted further inquiry; college at Carlisle [Penn- 
sylvania], open to same objections as Virginia academies; the 
academies mentioned also have the advantage of being near Har- 
vard College; offers to transmit remittances if desired. Letter- 
press copy of A. L. S. 3 pp. Q°. 

Printed in part: Memoirs, Long Island Hist. Soe. 4, 88. 

1795. Washington, George. President of tJie United States. Philadelphia. Let- 
March2. ter to John Lathrop jr. [Boston]. Acknowledges receipt of his 

letter of Jan. 29th. ; extends thanks for the oration accompanying 
same and "for the favorable mention you have been pleased to 
make of Sir, your Obedt. Hble. Srvt. Go. Washington." Letter- 
press copy of A. L. S. 1 p. Q". 

1795. Washington, George. President of the United States. Philadelphia. Let- 
March 4. ter to Tobias Lear [Georgetown, District of Columbia]. Acknowl- 
edges receipt of letter of the 23d. inst. ; rarely writes personal 
letters when it interferes wit!, public duties; would be pleased if 
[William] Weston's report on locks at "little falls", Potomac 
river is favorable; dispute between "present" Commissioners [of 
Federal City] and [Daniel Carroll, David Stuart and Thomas] 
Johnson "former" Commissioners and [James] Greenleaf; ques- 
tion in dispute will affect property in the Federal City; asks him 



CALENDAK OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 73 

1795. Washing'ton, George — Continued. 
March 4. to obtain "for my own private information" opinions on the ais- 

pute from city and Georgetown people. Letter-press copy of 
A. L. ,S. 2 pp. Q°. 
Mutilated. 

1795. Wasliingrton, George. President of tlie United States. Philadelphia. Let- 
March 10. ter to Charles Carter [Washington, District of Columbia,] respect- 
ing his financial straits. Letter-press copy of A. L. S. 2 pp. Q". 
Printed: Ford, Writings of Washington, 13, 47. 

1795. Washington, George. President of t)ie United States. Philadelphia. Let- 
March 25. ter to [John?] Savary [Philadelphia]. Cannot accede to his 
propositions in letter of the 19th. inst. ; objectionable features in 
selling the lands piecemeal; disinclination to have his name ban- 
died over the world as engaged in such land schemes; will dispose 
of the Ohio lands in entirety at one guinea an acre; one fourth of 
amount down and the rest in five years, with interest as agreed 
upon. Letter-press copy of A. L. S. 3 pp. Q°. 

1795. Washing'toii, George. President of the United States. Philadelphia. Let- 
31arch 25. ter to Col. Thomas Marshall [Weston? Massachusetts]. His letter 

sent by H[umphrey] Marshall late in arriving; latter was 
detained by non-arrival of the Treaty of Amity, Commerce and 
Navigation with Great Britain; has seen in [Philadelphia] Ga- 
zette the law of Massachusetts concerning lands owned by non- 
residents; asks him to take the necessary action regarding his 
5000 acres in Jefferson county; will sell same for their value. 
Letter-press copy of A. L. S. 3 pp. Q". 

1795. Washington, George. President of the United States. Philadelphia. Let- 
March 29. ter to George Gilpin [Alexandria, Virginia]. Asks his opinion 
as to value of [Washington's] land on the Great Falls of the 
Potomac; describes location and extent of same; will take £1500 
for it if he can get it. Letter-press copy of A. L. S. 2 pp. Q". 

1795. Washington, George. President of the United States. Philadelphia. Let- 
March 29. ter to [Philip] Richard Fendall [Alexandria, Virginia] . Has a 
300 acre tract of land in Loudon county, "Difficult bridge" 
[Difficult Run, Loudon county, Virginia] ; has been offered £5 an 
acre for same; desires to know the value of land in the locality of 
this tract as described. Letter-press copy of A. L. S. 2 pp. Q". 

1795. Washington, George. President of tlie United States. Philadelphia. Let- 
Ai)ril 1. ter to John Gill [Baltimore]. Has had a better offer for the land 

at "Difficult" [Run, Loudon county, Virginia] than that con- 
tained in his letter of Mar. 26th.; will not dispose of land until he 
can come to Virginia and investigate values personally; will nego- 
tiate then if desired. Letter-press copy of A. L. S. 1 p. Q°. 

1795. Dandridge, Bartholomew. Secretary to the I^resident of the United States. 

April 14. Philadelphia. Letter to John M. Pintard [Philadelphia?]. Ship 

. Ganges, Capt. [ ] Tinzey, Messrs. Willing ct Francis, owners, 

is to sail for England via Madeira; requests shipment at that point 

of two pipes of wine by direction of the President of the United 

States. Autograp)h copy signed. 1 p. Q". 



74 CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 

1795. Washington, George. President of t}ie United States. Philadelphia. Let- 
May 24. ter to Thomas Newton, jr. [Norfolk, Virginia.] Has received a 
letter from a member of ' ' the assembly of trustees for the Botan- 
ical Garden at Jamaica" containing a list of plants shipped him; 
39 varieties; requests that he take charge of them on arrival and 
ship same to Mt. Vernon. Letter-press copy of A. L. S. 1 p. Q". 
Letter almost illegible. 

1795. Washing'ton, George. President of the United Stcdes. Philadelphia. 
May 28. Authorization to John Dandridge to sell or dispose of the negro 

man named Anderson in any manner. Letter-press copy of D. S. 
Ip. Q°. 
In handwriting of Bartholomew Dandridge. 

1795. Washington, George. President of the United States. Philadelphia. Let- 
July 10. ter to Sir John Sinclair [Scotland,] respecting the National Board 
of Agriculture of Great Britain and agricultural matters. Letter- 
prress copy of A. L. S. 3 pp. Q°. 

Printed: Sinclair's Correspondence, 2, 20. Fac-sim. in Washington's Letters 
on Agriculture. Washn. 1847. p. 29. 

1795. Washington, George. President of the United States. Philadelphia. Let- 
July 13. ter to Col. William Deakins [Georgetown, District of Colunilna]. 
Has received his letter of the 8th inst. ; thanks expressed for 
tender of his services in selling a moiety of Woodstock manor 
[Montgomery county, Maryland] ; will wait for a rise in value 
before selling. Letter-press copy of A. L. S. 1 p. Q°. 

1795. Washington, George. President of the Inited States. Philadelphia. Let- 
July 13. ter to John Gill [Baltimore]. Is nearly two months since the 
deeds for the land on Difficult Run [Loudon county, Virginia,] 
were sent him, together with instructions in a letter to Charles 
Lee; if agreement is not executed immediately will consider the 
offer made him null and void and request immediate return of 
deeds. Letter-press copy of A. L. S. 1 p. Q°. 

1795. Washington, George. President of the United States. Philadelphia. Let- 
July 15. ter to James Ross [Pittsburg?]. Encloses a letter at the sugges- 
tion of [William] Bingham; wishes to obtain knowledge of dis- 
position of others towards the lands [in Fayette and Washington 
counties, Pennsylvania] ; will set out for Mt. Vernon " in a few 
moments" to avoid the intense heat. Letter-jn-ess copy of A. L. S. 
Ip. Q». 

1795. Washington, George. President of the United States. Philadelphia. Let- 
July 15. ter to William Strickland [Philadelphia?]. Takes the liberty of 
making him the bearer of a letter to Sir John Sinclair [Scotland], 
and letters to other gentlemen [in England] ; wishes him a pleas- 
ant voyage. Letter-press copy of A. L. S. 1 p. Q". 

1795. Washington, George. President of the United States. Mt. Vernon. Let- 
Sept. 23. ter to Col. Thomas Newton, Norfolk, Virginia. HaA-ing had an 
offer for his share wishes to know the value of land an acre held 
by the Dismal Swamp Company; asks for information as to prob- 
able rise in value. 1 p. Q". 

Contemporary copy in handwriting oi Bartholomew Dandridge, marginal 
note and endorsement by Washington. 



CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 75 

1795. Washington, George. FresideiitoftheUiilfedStates. Philadelphia. Let- 
Dec. 22. ter to Goiiverneur Morris [Europe,] giving his views on national 

questions. Letter-press copy of A. L. S. 11pp. Q". 

Printed: Ford, Writings of Washington, 13, 147. Sparks, Writings of Wash- 
ington, 11,99. 

1796. Washingrton, George. Presidentof the United States. Philadelphia. Let- 
Jan. 28. ter to George Fitzhugh [Virginia]. This is a reply to his letter 

of the 14th. inst. ; states price of the Gloucester county, Virginia 
lands and terms of payment; size of and timber on tract mentioned. 
Letter-press copy of A. L. S. 1 p. Q". 

1796. Washing-ton, George. Presidentof the United States. Philadelphia. Let- 
Feb. 10. ter to Bushrod Washington [Virginia,] regarding his executor- 

ship of estate of Col. Thomas Colvill; forwards papers justfound, 
including receipt to George Chalmers for £100 collected on bond 
from Sidney George; wishes papers returned. Letter-press copy of 
A. L. S. 6 pp. Qo. 
Printed (except postcript): Ford, Writings of Wasliington, 13, 164. 

1796. Washington, George. Presidentof the United States. Philadelphia. Let- 
Feb. 11. ter to Col. [Jeremiah] Wadsworth [Hartford, Connecticut]. 

Requests the publication of accompanying advertisement [for 
renting the Mt. Vernon farms and selling the western lands] in 
the Hartford Gazette; he is either to pay for same or send the 
bill to [Jonathan] Trumbull [jr]; wishes to procure a " Narra- 
gansett" [riding horse]; desires a bay, well formed and of proper 
size for [Washington's] weight; thanks him for the salmon. 
Letter-press copy of A. L. S. 2 pp. Q". 

1796. Washington, George. Presidentof the United States. Philadelphia. Let- 
Feb. 13. ter to Major [James H.] Craig, Pittsburg. Wishes enclosed 

advertisement [for renting Mt. Vernon farms and selling western 
lands] inserted in the Pittsburg Gazette and pasted up at the 
different ^averns there, and in Uniontown on the Monongahela 
river; would be glad to receive some idea of value of the Ohio 
lands; sends letter to be forwarded to [Brig.] Gen. [Rufus] Put- 
nam. Letter-press copy of A. L. S. 1 p. Q". 

1796. Washington, George. Presidentof the United States. Philadelphia. Let- 
Feb. 13. ter to [Brig.] Gen. [Rufus] Putnam [Marietta? Ohio]. Recjuests 

enclosed notices [of desire to rent Mt. Vernon farms and sell the 
western lands] posted in Marietta and other places; would thank 
him for information as to value of lands on the Ohio, Great 
Kanawha and Little ' ' Miame ' ' rivers. Letter-press copy of A. L. S. 
Ip. Q°. 

1796. Washington, George. Presidentof the United States. Philadelphia. Let- 
Feb. L5. ter to Tobias Lear [Washington, District of Columbia] . Acknowl- 

edges receipt of letter which has been sent to Col. [Timothy] 
Pickering; cannot understand delay in regard to building an 
arsenal at the mouth of the Shenandoah [River]; hopes price of 
land remains the same; is glad to learn of the prosperity of the 
Potomac [Navigation] Company; hopes Capt. [ ] Meyers will 
make a good superintendent; wishes statement of account with 
Lear; confidence of [Alexander] White in success of his mission 
[as Commissioner of Federal City]. Letter-press copy of A. Jy. S. 
2 pp. Q°. 



76 CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCEIPTS. 

1796. Washington, George. President of the United Slates. Philadelphia. Let- 
Feb. 20. ter to William Strickland [England]. Sends notice of intention 

to rent the Mt. Vernon farms; states terms for rental of same; 
farms are too large for a "small" man to manage; questions may 
be asked him concerning America, so sends this notification that 
probable tenants may be informed of the opportunity. Letter- 
press copy of A. L. S. 3 pp. Q". 

1796. Washington, George. President of the United States. Philadelphia. Let- 
Feb. 20. ter to Sir John Sinclair [Scotland] . Agricultural matters; inten- 

tion to rent the Mt. Vernon farms. Letter-press copy of A . L. S. 
4 pp. Q°. 

Printed: Sinclair's Correspondence, 2, 22. Fac-simile in Washington's Let- 
ters on Agriculture. Washn. 1847. p. 33. 

1796. Washington, George. President of the United States. Philadelphia. Let- 
Feb. 20. ter to the Earl of Buchan [David Stewart Erskine, Edinburgh, 

Scotland,] sending notice of desire to rent the Mt. Vernon farms. 
Letter-press copy of A. L. S. 3 pp. Q». 
Printed: Sparks, Writings of Washington, 11, 108. 

1796. Washington, George. President of the United States. Philadelphia. Let- 
Mar. 4. ter to Gouverneur Morris [Europe,] concerning treat}' [of Amity, 
Commerce and Navigation] with Great Britain. Letter-press copy 
ofA.L.S. 4 pp. Q". 

Printed in part: Ford, Writings of Washington, 13, 172. Sparks, Memoirs of 
Gouv. Morris, 3, 79. 

1796. Washington, George. President of the United States. Philadelphia. Let- 
Mar. 9. ter to Bushrod Washington [Virginia]. Letter of February 
29th. received; leaves entire settlement in chancery of [Col. 
Thomas] Colvill's estate to him; [James] Keith has had sole 
management up to present and can give best account of situation ; 
Sidney George's account was among the last left open; settlement 
of same sent him [letter of Feb. 10, 1796.]; this matter negotiated 
entirely by William Tilghman. Letter-press copy of A. L. S. 2 
pp. Q". 

1796. Washington, George. President of the United States. Philadelphia. Let- 
Mar. 10. ter to Robert Lewis [Fauijuier county? Virginia]. Acknowl- 
edges receipt of his letter of April 17th; difficulty of sending letters 
to him now that his mother has left Fredericksburg; sees no rea- 
son for delay in paying rents received. by him, to [William] 
Pearce or Bank of Alexandria as was written him in October la.st; 
there should be a periodic settlement of rental; wishes always to 
have knowledge of his resources; expects to leave for home [Mt. 
Vernon] as soon as Congress adjourns; wishes him to pay no 
attention to [Battaile] Muse's statement of Col. [Charles?] Simms' 
opinion on lease; requests him to obtain written opinion of Bush- 
rod Washington and Gen. [John] Marshall, on same and act 
accordingly; thinks it hard that so little rent should be obtained 
where real value is so great; is satisfied he has done his best in 
renting farms in Frederick and Berkeley [counties, Virginia] 
though his "cousin George [Steptoe] Washington" rents his for 
more; wishes him to watch the timber on the "waste land"; it is 
being destroyed according to enclosed [letter] from [Thomas] 
Airy; Deep Run, [Virginia] land to be untouched until Wash- 
ington can see him. Letter-press copy of A. L. S. 5 pp. Q". 



CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 77 

1796. Washington, George. PresidetU of the United States. Philadelphia. Let- 
Mar. 13. ter to Tobias Lear [Washington, District of Columbia]. Has 
received hi.s letters of Feb. 26th. and March 2d. ; former Avith the 
will of [Francis?] Harper has been sent to the Attorney General [of 
the United States, Charles Lee] ; wishes number and description 
of shares purchased for [Washington] in Banks of Alexandria and 
Columbia; if he wishes to sell any of his shares in the Potomac 
Navigation [Company] is to appropriate balance due on bank 
stock to that purpose; belief in the security of that investment; 
reasons for not buying house and lot in Alexandria; in response 
to inquiries sends terms of rental of the Mt. Vernon farms; class 
of farmers he desires; slaves do not go with the land. Letter-press 
copy of A. L. S. 3 pp. Q". 

1796. Washing-ton, George. Presidentof the United States. Philadelphia. Let- 
Mar. 21. ter to Bushrod Washington [Virginia] . Presumes he has received 
last letter with [James] Keith's accounts of [Washington's] 
administration of Col. [Thomas] Col vill's estate; encloses a letter 
received from Keith relative thereto. Letter-press copy of A. L. S. 
Ip. Q". 

1796. Washington, George. President of the United States. Philadelphia. Let- 
Mar. 21. ter to Tobias Lear [Washington, District of Columbia]. Acknowl- 
edges receipt of letter of 18th.; [ ] Summers of Alex- 
andria has made an offer for the Alexandria lot as per letter 
enclosed; requests him to send information as to value of land 
there; had thoughts of building; asks as to advisability of pur- 
chasing the property mentioned in his former letters; encloses 
[Bartholomew] Dandridge's answer to Summers with request to 
forward same when he thinks proper. Letter-press copy of A. L. S. 
3 pp. Q». 

1796. Washington, George. President of the United States. Philadelphia. Let- 
Mar. 27. ter to Tobias Lear [Washington, District of Columbia]. His 
letters of 21st. and- 23d. have caused anxiety; hopes to hear of 
entire recovery of Fanny [Lear, widow of George Augustine 
Washington and wife of Tobias Lear] and Maria [Anna Maria 
Washington, daughter of George Augustine]; wishes he woukl 
come to Philadelphia and take charge of matters {-onnected with 
the Potomac arsenal; will make room for him; exjtects [George 
Washington] Lafayette and his tutor [Felix Frestel]. Letter-press 
copy of A. L. S. 2 pp. Q". 

1796. Washington, George. President of the United States. Philadelphia. Let- 
Mar. 30. ter to Tobias Lear [Washingtfni, District of Columbia]. News 
in his letter of 25th. inst. of the death [of Frances Washington 
Lear, wife of Tobias] a severe shock; her virtues; presses him to 
come to Philadelphia; an extra bed can be put in room occupied 
by [Bartholomew] Dandridgeand [George Steptoe] Washington. 
Signed: "Go. Washington." "Martha Washington." Letter- 
press copy of A . L. S. 2 pp. Q". 

1796. Washington, George. PresidetU of the United States. Philadelphia. Let- 
Apr. 7. ter to Andrew Parks [Fredericksburg, Virginia]. Acknowledges 
his letter of 1st. inst. ; Harriot Washington has no fortune and 
cannot therefore expect one from her husband; other require- 



78 CALENDAK OF WASHINGTON MANUSCEIPTS. 

1796. Washing-ton, George — Continued. 
Apr. 7. ments forbid giving either assent or dissent to his pro jiosal; wishes 

to see her happy; quahti cations her husband must possess; will 
be pleased to receive further details from him when he reaches 
Baltimore; expects to go to Virginia [Mt. Vernon] when Congress 
adjourns. Draft in handwriting of Martha Washington. 2 pp. 

Printed in part: Ford, Writings of Washington, 13, 184. 

1796. Washington, George. President of the United Slates. Philadelphia. Let- 
April 16. ter to Col. Presley Neville [Pittsburg]. Has sold land on Mil- 
ler's Run, [Pennsylvania] to Col. [Matthew?] Ritchie; it was to 
have been resurveyed by Charles Morgan, of whose death has 
just heard through [James] Ross; asks Neville to resurvey the 
land; sends copies from the patent for same. Letter-press copy o/ 
A. L. S. 1 p. Q". 

1796. Washington, George. President of tlie United States. Philadelphia. Let- 
May 1. ter to [Col.] Edward Carrington [Richmond,] regarding treaty 
[of Amity, Commerce and Navigation with Great Britain] and 
action of the House of Representatives. Letter-press copy of A. L. S. 
3 pp. Q». 

Printed: Ford, Writings of Washington, 13, 184. Sparks, Writings of Wash- 
ington, 11, 120. 

1796. Washington, George. President of the United States. Philadelphia. Let- 
June 6. ter to Col. William Deakins [Georgetown, District of Columbia]. 
Acknowledges receipt of letter of May 27; has informed the Com- 
missioners of the Federal City of his opinion that their place of 
residence should be there; the many reasons for same; severe 
reflections on those in charge of constructing the buildings, in 
discussion of the Guarantee Bill [in Congress] ; damage resulting 
from non-inspection of principal building [Capitol] ; matters must 
be attended to without regard to convenience; main criticism has 
been that the Commissioners do not stay on the ground. Letter- 
press copy of A. L. S. 3 pp. Q'^'. 

1796. Washington, George. President if the United States. Philadelphia. Let- 
June 12. ter to Sir John Sinclair [Scotland,] respecting agricultural mat- 
ters. Letter-press copy of A. L. S. 3 pp. Q". 
Printed: Sinclair's Correspondence, 2, 23. Fac-simile in Washington's Let- 
ters on Agriculture. Washn. 1847. p. 37. 

1796. Washington, George. President of the United States. Philadelphia. Lot- 
Nov. 13. ter to Col. Francis Deakins [Montgomery county, Maryland]. 

Acknowledges receipt of his letter of Oct. 12th. ; thanks him for set- 
tlement of the rents with [W. B.] Jones; requests him to look out 
for these lands, tenants and rents in future. Letter-press copy of 
A. L. S. 2 pp. Of. 

1796. Washington, George. President of the United States. Philadelphia. Let- 
Nov. 13. ter to John W. Bronaugh [London?]. Has received his letter of 

Oct. 24th. ; harbors no suspicion of unfair dealing concerning his 
father's [Capt. William Bronaugh' s] bond; will not surrender bond 
until conditions have been complied with; deed to Col. [Levin?] 
Powall at request of Col. [George?] Muse is no exadence that they 



CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 79 

1796. Washington, George — Continued. 
Nov. Vr>. have been; no harm can come to him l)y delay; mentions a letter 

received a few years ago from Battaile Mus^e on this subject; will 
surrender bond as soon as it lias been fulfilled. Letter-press copy 
ofA.L.S. 3 pp. Q". 

1796. Washington, George. President of the United States. Philadelphia. Lot- 
Nov. 16. ter to Tobias Lear ["Washington, District of Columbia]. Apolo- 

gizes for the statement concerning the Bank of Colum})ia shares; 
explains the mistake; presumes [Bartholomew] Dandridge has 
informed him of unsuccessful effort with I\Ir. [ ] Medor to 

place [Anna] I\Iaria [Washington] at Bethlehem Moravian school; 
has written to the j)rincipal [Jacob] Van Yleck but has received 
no answer; [ ] Smith desires 90 days more credit on his pay- 

ment for the flour; is unwilling to grant same; compromise offered; 
wishes Lear to give [William] Pearce necessary advice in regard 
to same; [George] Washington [Parke] Custis is established at 
Princeton College. Letter-jjvess copy of A. L. S. 3 pp. Q". 

1796. Washington, George. Presidentof the United States. Philadelphia. Let- 
Dec, r,. ter to James Maury [London]. Acknowledges receipt of several 
letters during the year; £105 8s. 7d. due, to be remitted in articles 
as per enclosed invoice; thanks him for "Tarriers " sent by Cai)t. 
[ ] Butts. Letter-press copy of A. L. S. 1 p. Q°. 

1796. Washington, George. President of the United States. Philadelphia. 
Dec. 5. Invoice of goods to be shipped to Mt. Vernon by the first vessel 

bound for Alexandria or Georgetown: Avhite lead, cam])ric, table 
linen etc. ; balance due to be sent in "British Oznabrigs." Letter- 
press copy of A. L. S. 1 p. Q". 

Enclosed in letter of same date to James Maury. 

1796. Washington, George. President of the United States. Philadelphia. Let- 
Dec. 7 ter to Rev. [Jacob] Van Vleck [Bethlehem, Pennsylvania]. His 
letter relative to [Anna] Maria Washington has been forwarded 
to [Tobias] Lear, [her step-father] ; encloses the answer; asks if 
she can have with her the daughter of Col. [Burgess] Ball. Letter- 
press copy of A. L. S. 2 pp. Q". 

1796. Washington, George. President of the United States. Philadeli)hia. Let- 
Dec. 10. ter to Sir John Sinclair [Scotland,] respecting agri(!ultural mat- 
ters and invitation to visit England. Letter-jwess copy of A. L. S. 
4 pp. Q". 

Printed: Sinclair's Correspondence, 2, 24. Washington's Letters on Agricul- 
ture. Washn. 1847. p. 135 (in part). 

1796. Washington, George. Presidentof the United States. Philadelphia. Let- 
Dec. 11. ter to Sir John Sinclair [Scotland,] respecting geographical and 
physical conditions of the different States in the Union. Letter- 
press copy of A. L. S. 12 pp. Q". 

Printed: Sinclair'sCorrespondence, 2, 9. Sparks, Writings of Washington, 12, 
323. 

1796. Washington, George. Presidentof tlte United States. Philadelphia. Let- 
Dec. 14. ter to [Tobias] Lear [Walnut-tree Farm, Virginia]. On receipt 
of his letter of the 2d. inst. sent copy of that jiart relating to 
[Anna] Maria [Washington] and the daughter of Col. [Burgess] 
Ball to Rev. [Jacob] VanVleck; encloses his answer; has received 



80 CALENDAK OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 

1796. ■Washington, George — Continued. 
Dec. 14. a treatise on the improvement of canal navigation [by Robert 

Fulton]; sends it to him; according to Dr [E. ] Edwards, Ful- 
ton's system is luitting lock navigation out of vogue; has not read 
the book; hopes Potomac [Navigation] Company can profit by it; 
• will return to Mt. Vernon about the middle of March. Letter- 
press copy of A. L. S. 2 pp. Q". 

1796. Washington, George. President of the United States. Philadelphia. Let- 
Dec. 14. ter to Robert Fulton [England?]. Acknowledges receipt through 
Dr. [E — . ] Edwards of his " Treatise on Improvement of Canal 
Navigation"; thanks for same. Letter-press copy of A. L. S. 
Ip. Qo. 

1796. Washington, George. President of the Ujiited States. Philadelphia. Let- 
Dec. 19. ter to Robert Lewis [Fredericksburg, Virginia]. Has received 
his letter of the 4th. inst. ; gives instructions as to tenants on 
Goose Creek [Virginia] ; has no papers for land on Deep Run 
[Virginia] surveyed by [ ] Warner; uncle's part given to 
Warner Washington; father left his to Samuel and George; 
Samuel left his division to Lawrence Washington of ' ' Chotanck ' ' ; 
has never given a foot to any but him; thinks it better to com- 
promise than to have litigation over land. Letter-jjress copy of 
A. L. S. 3 pp. Q". 

1796. Washington, George. President of the United States. Philadelphia. -Let- 
Dec. 22. ter to Rufus King [London]. Encloses copy of a letter pre- 

viously sent him; requests him to forward another enclosed letter 
to [Benjamin Thompson,] Count Rumford; it acknowledges 
receipt of first volume of his essays — "Essays, Political, Econom- 
ical & Philosophical" [London: 3 vols. 1797]. Letter-press copy 
ofA.L.S. 1 p. Q". 

1796. Washington, George. President of the U7iited States. Philadelphia. Let- 
Dec. 22. ter to [Benjamin Thompson,] Count Rumford [London?]. 
Acknowledges receipt in November of letter and recently of first 
volume of his essays; thanks him for same; has not yet had time 
to peruse it. Letter-press copy of A. L. S. 1 p. Q". 

1796. Washington, George. President of the United States. Philadelphia. Let- 
Dec. 30. ter to [John] Cary, London. Acknowledges receipt of letters of 

Sept. 8th., 9th., and Oct. 1st.; thanks him for interest displayed in 
exposing the attempted fraud upon the public. Letter-press copy 
ofA.L.S. 1 p. Q». 

1797. Washington, George. Presidentof the United States. Philadelphia. Let- 
Jan. 13. ter to Tobias Lear [Walnut-tree Farm, Virginia]. Has received 

no answer to his letter regarding placing of [Anna] Maria [Wa.sh- 
ington] and the daughter of Col. [Burgess] Ball in Rev. [Jacob] 
VanVleck's school; sent [Robert] Fulton's treatise on improve- 
ment of canal navigation at same time; War Department wishes 
deeds of land for the arsenal on the Shenandoah [river] which 
have not yet been received; asks that he give attention to this 
matter. Letter-press copy of A. L. S. 2 pp. Q°. 



CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 81 

1797. "Washing-ton, Georfj^e. Pret^idcnt of the I'niU'd States. Philadelphia. Let- 
Jan. 13. ter to John Trumbull [Philadelphia]. Conveys his and Mrs. 
[Martha] Washington's thanks for courtesies extended them; 
requests forwarding of enclosed letter. Letter-press copy of A. L. S. 
Ip. Q". 

1797. Washington, George. President of the United States. Philadelphia. Let- 
Jan. 15. ter to [ ] Dunnington [Maryland]. Has waited longer than 
he should for rents due; concludes he means to discharge same in 
tobacco, when at low market value; if rents are not paid in full to 
Dr. [Daniel of St. Thomas] Jenifer, will take sunnnary action 
under IMaryland law. Letter-press copi/ of A. L. tS. 2 pp. Q". 

1797. "Washington, George. Presidentof the United States. Philadelphia. Let- 
Feb. 1. ter to Gen. [Alexander] Spotswood. Has received his letter of 

24th. ult. ; appoints him agent to dispose of land on Rough Creek, 
Kentucky; has authorized Major George Lewis to buy [ ] 
Wodron's tract; cannot find Gen. [Henry] Lee's conveyance of 
the land; Col. Thomas Marshall by authority, has paid tax on 
same from the beginning; wishes him a pleasant journey to 
Kentucky and a safe return. Letter-press copy of A. L. S. 2 pp. Q". 

1797. "Washington, George. PresidentoftJie United States. Philadelphia. Let- 
Feb. 1. ter to George Ball [Lancaster County, Virginia]. Has received 

his letter of the 16th. ult; if George Fitzhugh has given up the 
idea of purchasing the Gloucester county [Virginia] lands will let 
him have them on the same terms; expects to be at [Mt. Vernon] 
by March 20th., perhaps sooner. Letter-press copy of A. L. S. 
2 pp. Q". 

1797. "Washington, George. President of the United States. Philadelphia. Let- 
Feb. 19. ter to Joseph Fay [New York]. Acknowledges receipt of his 

letter of 7th. inst. ; will sell the lands on the Ohio and Great 
Kanawha rivers in entirety only at $8 an acre; encloses circular 
describing lands and terms of sale. Letter-press coj)y of A. L. S. 
2 pp. Q". 

1797. "Washing-ton, George. President of the United States. Philadelphia. Let- 
Feb. 28. ter to George Clinton [New York] . Acknowledges receipt of his 

letter of the 14th. and [ ] Wilke's draft for share of proceeds 
of sale of lots in Coxburgh [New York] ; asks for information as to 
land values of lots still unsold; expects to start for Mt. Vernon 
next week. Letter-press copy of A. L. S. 2 pp. il". 

1797. "Washington, ( leorge. Philadelphia. Letter to Mrs. [Elizabeth] Fergu- 

Mar. 5. son [Philadelphia]. Apologizes for not answering her letter of 

Jan. 16th. sooner; is preparing to leave the city; has referred the 

matter to [Elias] Boudinot; thanks her for enclosures sent with 

h^ letter. Jjetter-press copy of A. L. S. 2 pp. Ci". 

1797. "Washing-ton, George. Philadelphia. Letter to [Sir John Sinclair, 
I\Iar. 6. Scotland,] respecting a National Board of Agriculture in the 

United States. Letter-press copy of A. L. S. 2 pp. Q". 

Printed: Sinclair's Correspondence, 2, 26. Fac-simile in Washin)^t(jn's Let- 
ters on Agriculture, Washn. 1847. p. 41. 

19108—01 6 



82 CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 

1797. WashinsTton, George. Philadelphia. Letter to Major [Caleb] Gibbs 
Mar. (5. [Boston]. AVill turn over his letter of 13th. inst. to the President 

of the United States [John Adams]; mentions considerations 
that have been lost sight of by him [in his application for office]; 
is no longer in his power to nominate men to offices. Letter-j^ress 
copy of A. L. S. 2 pp. Q". 

1797. Washington, George. Philadelphia. Letter to George Ball [Freder- 

Mar. 6. irksl)urg, Virginia]. Encloses a copy of the letter sent him in 

answer to his from Lancaster [county, Virginia] ; would have 

answered his letter of 16th. ult. but for pressure of business. 

Letter-press copy of A. L. S. 1 p. Q°. 

1797. Washington, George. Philadelphia. Letter to Oliver Ellsworth [Phil- 
Mar. 8. adelphia]. Will leave the city in 24 hours; extends his thanks 
for the many kindnesses and courtesies and help rendered; will 
always be glad to see him at Mt. Vernon. Letter-press copy of 
A.L.S. 1 p. Q". 

1797. Washington, George. Mt. Vernon. Letter to Messrs. Reed & Ford 
Mar. 31. [Philadelphia]. Requests transfer to himself of 70 shares of Bank 

of Columbia [Philadelphia] stock as per their agreement of Feb. 
24th. [1797?]; received the shares at $40 to accommodate Gen. 
[Henry] Lee in a payment he was to have made. Contemporar-*' 
copy, endorsed by Washington. 1 p. Q". 

1797. Washington, George. Mt. Vernon. Letter to [Col. Clement Biddle, 
]May 28. Philadelphia]. Asks if he would care to undertake, as formerly, 

trifling business matters in Philadelphia; if so requests him to 
receive interest on his certificates at Treasury or Bank of United 
States; will execute necessary power of attorney when sent; 
requests that things mentioned in enclosed memorandum be sent. 
Letter press copy of A. L. S. 2 pp. Q°. 

1797. Washington, George. [Mt. Vernon.] List of sundries to be sent by 
jNlay 28. Col. [Clement] Biddle [Philadelphia]. Picture frames, glasses, 

paper, books etc. Letter-press copy of A. L. <S'. 1 p. Q°. 
Enclosed in letter of same date to Col. Clement Biddle. 

1797. Washington, George. Mt. Vernon. Letter to James McHenry [Phila- 
]\Iay 29. delphia,] describing his daily life. Letter-press copy of A. L. S. 

3 pp. Q". 

Printed: Ford, Writings of Washington, 13, 391. Sparks, Writings of Wash- 
ington, 11, 203. 

1797. Washington, George. I\It. Vernon. Letter to St. George Tucker [Win- 

]May 30. Chester, Virginia]. Acknowledges receipt of his letter of 24th. 

ult. ; Legislature [Congress] has been disinclined to push project 

of a National University; is much interested therein; thanks him 

for ideas advanced. Letter-press copy of A. L. S. 1 p. Q". 

1797. Washington, George. Mt. Vernon. Letter to Oliver Wolcott [Phil- 
]\Iay [June] 7. adelphia]. Acknowledges receipt of letter of 31st. ult. with drafts 
on the Collector of Alexandria [John Fitzgerald] for money 
received from [James] Ross; encloses receipt with endorsement 
on bond of Matthew Ritchie to be delivered Ross; desires him to 
ask Ross to inform Col. [Israel] Shreve that he cannot submit to 



CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 83 

1797. 'Washington, Georjre — Continued. 
May [June] 7. his trifling; drihVjling manner of .sending money received from 

sale of Washington's land; will put his judgment bond in suit if 
Ross so advises. Letter-press copy of A. L. S. 2 pp. Q". 
LetttT is endorsed as of June 7. 

1797. Washing-ton, George. Mt. Vernon. Letter to Dr. [Daniel of St. 
May [June] 7. Thomas] Jenifer [Annapolis? Maryland]. A ^Nlr. Perry wishes 

to make the land exchange mentioned in enclosed letter; referred 
him to Dr. [James] Craik; his return from Congress uncertain; 
promised Perry that he would abide by [Jenifer's] decision, he 
being acquainted with the land; [Jenifer] will probably see 
[ ] Dunnington concerning rents; the latter knows all the 

circumstances concerning the land. Letter-press copy of A. L. S. 

Ip. Q". 

Letter is endorsed as of June 7. 

1797. Washington, (ieorge. Mt. Vernon. Letter to [Col.] Clement Biddle 

June 8. [Philadelphia]. Enclosespawer of attorney; asks him to inform 

"Mr. [Aikens?, Cabinet?] maker" on Chestnut street of failure to 

send part of writing desk and key to sideboard. Letter-press copy 

of A. L. ,S. 1 1). Q". 

Mutilated. 

1797. Washington, George. Mt. Vernon. Letter to Dr. Charles L. Carter 
June 10. [Fredericksburg, A^irginia]. Acknowledges receipt of his letter 

of 2d. inst. by Maj. George Lewis and payment of loan and inter- 
est; extends his thanks for same. Letter-press copy of A. L. S. 
Ip. Q°. 

1797. Washington, George. Mt. Vernon. Letter to Gustavus Scott [George- 
June 1-. town, District of Columbia]. Sends him another letter of Messrs. 
Reed & Ford on subject of the shares in Bank of Columljia; 
requests him to have the twenty [notes?] due transferred to 
[Washington]. Letter-press copy of A. L. S. 1 p. Q°. 
Mutilated. 

1797. Washington, George. Mt. Vernon. Letter to Gustavus Scott [George- 
June 19. town, District of Columbia]. Has received his letter [of June 
16th.] enclosing that of Walt[er Smith]; complains of trifling of 
[Reed] & Ford in transfer of stock [of Bank of Columbia?]; has 
endeavored to purchase an English bull from [Henry D.] Gough to 
improve breed of cattle; has authorized [Thomas] Peter to buy 
[ ] Thre[lkald's]; extends thanks respecting Col. [James] 
Lloyd; wishes to know if the l)ull calf from [Nathaniel Ramsey] 
and other gentlemen is a j^resent. Letter-]>ress copy of A. L. S. 
2 pp. Q". 

1797. Washington, George. Mt. Vernon. Letter to Gustavus Scott [George- 
June 24. town, District of Cohnnbia]. Has received his letter of 22d. inst. ; 
will request Col. [Nathaniel] Ramsey to receive any calf [Col. 
James] Lloyd will forward to Baltimore; Reed & Ford's last let- 
ter gave assurances for completion of transfer of stock ; requests 
that he attend to the matter on reaching Philadelphia. Letter- 
press copy of A. L. S. 2 pp. Q°. 



84 CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 

1797. ■Washington, George. Mt. Vernon. Letter to Col. Clement Biddfe 
July 3. [Philadelphia]. Presumes power of attorney reached him before 

the dispatch of his letter of 20th. ult. ; sends an open letter 
to' Mr. [James] McAlpin; [Jedidiah] Morse having sent his- 
American Gazettes, the purchase of another is unnecessary; 
returns keys sent by [ ] Aikens; requests McAlpin' s account 
sent him when paid. Letter-j^ress copy of A. L. S. 1 p. Q". 

1797. Washing-ton, George. INIt. Vernon. Letter to Lawrence [Augustine] 
Sept. 3. Washington [Virginia]. Acknowledges receipt of his letter of 

Aug. 23d. ; extends best wishes on his approaching marriage with 
Miss [Mary Dorcas] Wood; declines invitation to be present at 
the ceremony; wishes to be remembered to INIiss Wood's grand- 
mother. Letter-press copy of A. L. S. 2 pp. Q». 

1797. "Washington, George. 3It. Vernon. Letter to Col. Clement Biddle 
Sept. 6. [Philadelphia]. Acknowledges receipt of his letter of 30th. ult. ; 

would request [Thomas] Dobson to bind and send the encyclo- 
paedias; hopes that the yellow fever epidemic in Philadelphia 
will speedily disappear. Letter-press copy of A. L. S. 1 p. Q". 

1797. Washington, George. Mt. Vernon. Letter to [Dr. James] Anderson 
Nov. 25. [Edinburgh]. Has given scheme for renting lands on the Great 

Kanawha consideration; terms and conditions of lease may seem 
high to those unacquainted with the value of the land; will make 
experiment in manner proposed; association, if formed, should 
send an advance agent; describes routes to be traversed to reach 
the land. Letter-press copy of A. L. S. 3 pp. Q°. 

1797. Washington, George. Mt. Vernon. Letter to Richard Parkinson 
Nov. 28. [Doncaster, England]. Has received his letter of Aug. 28th., 1797;; 

had leased the farm but unforeseen circumstances have postponed 
same until 1799; other farms will not be leased until the 1798. 
crops are harvested; thinks they could bargain if he should come 
to America in March; would not rent any land on agreement 
until mutually satisfactory; thanks him for his offer to send his 
treatise "The Practical Farmer". Letter-press copy of A. L. 8. 
2 pp. Q». 

1797. Washington, George. Mt. Vernon. Letter to James Welch [Alexandria, 
Dec. 1. Virginia]. His proposition to lease the Great Kanawha land 

received from James Cooper; does not understand his scheme;, 
reasons given for not considering same; damage to land, low total 
of rental; is willing to discuss the matter in personal interview 
at his convenience. Letter-press copy of A. L. S. 2 pp. Q°. 

1797. Washington, George. Mt. Vernon. Letter to James Welch [Alexan- 
Dec. 7. dria? Virginia]. Has considered their conversation of yesterday; 

parting with fee simple of the [Great] Kanawha lands is greatest 
obstacle to their bargaining; impression prevailing that he will 
accept $8. per acre for the Kanawha lands a mistaken one; will 
dispose of the "whole" of the western lands at that rate which 
would include 10,000 acres on the Ohio and 30,000 on the Little 
Miami rivers; will not sell the Kanawha lands for less than §10. 
an acre; the rent he offers is as much as could be expected if 
annual payments can be secured for six years as suggested ; makes- 



CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 85 

1797. "Washing-ton, Georore — Continued. 
Dec. 7. him a proposition differing only 8li<rhtly from his own; will give 

him a 30 year lease on the Kanawha lands, 23,216 acres, at a rent 
of §11,143 per annum to be due the last day of December of every 
year and to be subject to fee within 6 years on payment of 
$200,000 down on transfer in fee simple; to render first rents 
easier, in December 1798 only $5000 shall ])e due and 2d. year's 
rent be only $8000; is sure of rise in value of the land; lease may 
be renewed at end of 30 years to complete 99 years on annual 
rental of $22,286; lands to be apportioned to tenants, suitable 
buildings to be erected and proportion of woodland to be reserved 
for support of same; would like to know if above meets with his 
a])probation. Letter-press copy of A. L. S. 4 pp. Q". 

1797. Washing-ton, George. INIt. Vernon. Letter to James Keith [Alexan- 
Det-. 10. dria, Virginia]. Has leased his lands on Great Kanawha to 

James Welch; gives agreement as to payment and other condi- 
tions in detail; wishes him to draw up form of contract; expects 
to be in Alexandria on [Dec] 21st. Letter-press copy of A. L. S. 
4 pp. Q». 

1797. Washington, George. Mt. Vernon. Letter to [James] Anderson [Mt. 
Dec. 21. ^'ernon]. Wishes an annual report of condition and affairs of the 

farms; statement of expenditures and income, produce etc., 
desired; hereafter desires quarterly reports; compliments him on 
his abilities; calls attention to particular instances of mismanage- 
ment of labor, teams etc. ; wishes work systematized and mapped 
out in advance; injunctions as to use of tools; Isaac and Joe 
[slaves] are continually repairing ploughs. Letter-press copy of 
A. L. S. 6 pp. Q". 

1798. Washington, George. Mt. Vernon. Letter to Gustavus Scott [Wash- 
Jan. 8. ington, District of Columbia]. Is glad to learn from his letter of 

21st. ult. that Maryland has granted a loan to carry on the public 
buildings in the Federal City; hopes the object of the navigation 
of the Potomac will meet with equal success; hopes to see him in 
Georgetown at the meeting of the Potomac [Navigation] Com- 
pany. Jjetter-press copy of A. L. S. 1 p. Q°. 

1798. Washington, George. Mt. Vernon. Letter to Frederick Kitt [Phila- 
Jan. 10. delphia]. Has not heard of Hercules, negro cook, since he left; 

suspects that he is in Philadelphia; wishes measures taken for 
his apprehension; has no desire to acquire another slave by pur- 
chase; Col. Clement Biddle will take charge of the matter and 
pay all nec-essary charges; advises caution in search. Letter-press 
rojiy (f A. L. S. 2 pp. Q". 

1798. Washington, (ieorge. ^Nlt. Vernon. Letter to Frederick Kitt [Phila- 
Jan. 29. delphia]. Has received his letter of the 15th. inst. ; desires him 

to continue his inquiries for Hercules; when found he is to con- 
fer with Col. Clement Biddle as to i-apture; should be put on 
board of vessel for Alexandria; ]Mrs. [Martha] Washington would 
have engaged Mrs. [ ] but has a house-keeper; congratu- 

lates him on ol)taininga])Osition in the bank. Letter-press copy of 
A. L. S. 2 pp. Q°. 



86 CALENDAE OF WASHIlSrGTON MANUSCBIPTS. 

1798. Washingiion, George. Mt. Vernon. Letter to Albin Rawling [Hanover 
Jan. 31. Court House, Virginia]. Has received his letter of 26th. inst.; a 

misconception exists as to the application of Gen. [Alexander] 
Spots wood; a house-keeper or butler was desired and has been 
obtained; has need, however, for a man to manage his corre- 
spondence, copy his letters etc.; ask him to state his terms. 
Letter-press copy of A. L. S. 2 pp. Q". 

1798. "Washing'toii, George. Mt. Vernon. Observations on going over [James] 
Feb. 1. Anderson's accounts. Absence of cash accounts causes lack of 

clearness; account for stud horse "Traveller" not complete; no 
credit shown for money received from A[ ] Jameson; no 
voucher for J. V. Thomas' charge nor that of John Voilet's; wheat 
and flour accomits show discrepancies; fishery and distillery ac- 
comits lack clearness; accounts appear fair; wishes cash account 
rendered every quarter; requests care in purchasing; found it 
necessary to sell considerable land to meet expenses last year. 
Letter-press copy of A. L. S. 3 pp. Q°. 

1798. "Washing-ton, George. Mt. Vernon. Letter to [James] Anderson [Mt. 
Feb. 6. Vernon]. Seems hurt by observations made on his accounts but 

no such intention prevailed; is fully satisfied; has said nothing 
unwarranted; does not consider it fair that he should leave at 
this time but wishes to retain no one against his wishes; has 
written for a young clerk from Scotland ; agreed to his son John 
[Anderson] overseeing the distillery; convenience of rendering a 
quarterly cash statement. Letter-press copy of A. L. S. 4 pp. Q". 

1798. Washington, George. ]Mt. Vernon. Letter to Albin Rawlins [Hanover 
Feb. 12. Court House, Virginia]. Has received his letter of the 7th. inst. ; 

has always considered §100 sufficient for the work he will require; 
will give him $150; wishes recommendations; explains the duties 
that will be required of him as a clerk; asks that he obtain a 
recommendation from either Judge [ ] Lyon or Judge [Ed- 
mimd] Pendleton or [John] Hoomes. Letter-presscopy of A. L. S. 
2 pp. Q°. I 

1798. "Washing-ton, (Teorge. Mt. Vernon. Letter to Samuel Davidson [Scot- 
Mar. 2. land]. Acknowledges receipt of his letter of 19th. ult. ; has 
another opening for his nephew on terms suggested to [Thomas] 
Peter as assistant at the distillery with [John] Anderson, son of 
the manager [James] Anderson; would like an immediate answer. 
Letter-press copy of A. L. S. 2 pp. Q". 

1798. Washington, George. Mt. Vernon. Letter to Dr. B[ ] Fendall. 
Mar. 6. Wishes him to return articles that he took away to finish; Mrs. 

[Martha] Washington needs them and if unfinished will apply 
elsewhere. Letter-press copy of A. L. S. 1 p. Q". 

1798. Washington, George. IMt. Vernon. Letter to Alexander Smith [Vienna, 

April 3. Maryland]. Wishes plank and lumber for flooring; gives table 

of amounts and sizes desired; may complete the vessel's cargo 

with shingles; wishes the flooring seasoned. Letter-press cov of 

A. L. S. 2 pp. Q". 

1798. Washington, George. Mt. Vernon. Letter to Governor [John] Henry, 
Apr. 3. [Annapolis,] Maryland. Encloses letter to [Alexander] Smith; 

would be pleased to see [Henry] at Mt. Vernon. Letter-press copy 
of A. L. S. 1 p. Q". 



CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 87 

1798. Washington, George. Mt. Vernon. Letter to Oliver Evans [Pennsyl- 
Apr. 8. vania]. Wishes to know if he can recommend a good miller; 

present man leaves in August; wages and terms that will be 
allowed; prefers a married man with small family; requests him 
to converse with Col. Clement Biddle. Letter-press copy of A. L. S- 
2 pp. Q°. 

Latter part of letter illegible. 

1798. Washing'ton, George. Mt. Vernon. Letter to Capt. [ ] O'Flin 

Apr. 15. [l>randywine, Delaware]. Present miller intends leaving in 

August; terms and wages granted same; wishes him to obtain a 

miller; gives location of mill; prefers a married man. Letter-press 

copy of A. L. S. 2 pp. Q°. 

1798. Washington, George. 'Sit. Vernon. Letter to William Booker [Rich- 
Apr. 15. mond, Virginia]. His [threshing] machine erected on Union 
Farm has given most unsatisfactory results; has seen advertise- 
ments of improvements to same; desires to hear from him on the 
subject. Jjctter-press copy of A. Lj. S. 1 p. Q°. 

1798. Washington, George. Mt. Vernon. Letter to Oliver Evans [Pennsyl- 
Apr. 22. vania]. Acknowledges receipt of his letter of 17th inst.; wishes 

to know if [Evans'] former miller will engage himself ; also the 
lowest wages he will accept if the terms given in Washington's 
letter of 8th. inst. are unsatisfactory. Letter-press copy of A. L. S. 
Ip. Q». 

1798. Washington, George. Mt. Vernon. LettertoAlexander Smith [Vienna, 
Apr. 25. ^laryland]. Wrote him on 3d. inst. and sent duplicate through 

Governor [John] Henry but has received no acknowledgement; 
changes desired in dimensions of some of the lumber as given in 
bill in letter of 3d. ; requests that 10 posts be sent in addition. 
Letter-press copy of A. Lj. S. 1 p. Q". 

1798. Washington, George. Mt. Vernon. Letter to William Booker [Rich- 
Apr. 25. mond, Virginia]. Has received his letter of 20th. inst.; will be 
glad to see him at Mt. Vernon as soon after harvest as convenient; 
does not mind expense of the wheel [threshing] machine if it can 
accomplish the results; will depend on him for a new raw-hide 
band. Letter-press copy of A. L. S. 1 p. Q". 

1798. Washington, George. Mt. Vernon. Letter to Messrs. Fosters & May 
May 7. [Alexandria, Virginia]. Is surprised at account received with 

their letter of 30th. ult. ; is unaccustomed to having old accoiuits 
presented; told [William] Pearce to discharge all outstanding 
debts beftjre he left his service; has written Pearce and will set- 
tle the matter as soon as he is heard frotn. Letter-press copy of 
A. L. S. 2 pp. Q'>. - 

1798. Washington, George. Mt. Vernon. Letter to Thomas C. Martin [King 
May 15. and Queen county, Virginia]. Wrote him last autumn relative to 

his invention of a threshing machine; wishes to know whether 
the machine can be worked by men or horses; would like instruc- 
tions how to build one or will furnish material and bear expense 
if he will send a competent man to do so before harvest; would 
like to hear from him on the suljject. Letter-press copy of A. L. S. 
2 pp. Q". 



88 CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 

1798. Wasliing'toii, George. Mt. Vernon. Letter to [William Fitzhugh, 
May 30. Alexandria, Virginia]. Went to Alexandria yesterday but re- 

turned at once expecting [Thomas] Law and family to dinner; 
heard through [ToTnas] Lear that [James] Anderson had applied 
to him for position as manager; encloses a letter from Anderson 
[to Washington] and a copy of his answer which will explain 
the difficulty between them; mentions Anderson's good traits and 
abilities; likewise his failings; asks if he is expected to fill the 
place of [ ] Donee at once; desires to know the date of his 
application for a position; wishes enclosures returned. Letter- 
copy of A. L. S. .3 pp. Q«. 



1798. "Washing-ton, George. ]\It. Vernon. Letter to James Anderson [Mt. 

June 11. Vernon]. Replies to his letter of yesterday; grants increase 

desired in allowance of fish, flour, and whiskey; authorizes ex- 
change of horses if larger and stronger can be obtained by paying 
"soine boot"; If River Farm is committed to care of [Dr. David] 
Stuart and [Albin] Rawlins does some of the riding, more horses 
are unnecessary; pays more now than any other gentleman in 
Virginia for management of the farms and cannot afford more; feels 
no gratification in hurting peoples feelings and gives his observa- 
tions for no other purpose than concern for personal welfare; ha-s 
always considered his integrity unimpeachable; compliments his 
knowledge and skill in farming; his lack of system debilitates the 
land; wastes time and material; proposes schemes, gets them 
approved and then fails to carry them out; promises are not i)er- 
formed; failure to watch hay, grain, destruction of tools and other 
shortcomings noted; method that should have been pursued in 
riding around the farms; above criticisms offered with friendly 
motives and desire to benefit the farms. Letter-press copy of 
A.L.S. 10 pp. Q°. 

1798. Washington, George. Mt. Vernon. Letter to Oliver Evans [Pennsyl- 

June 14. vania]. Asks him again about procuring a miller; has heard 

nothing from him since his letter of April 26th nor anything from 

Brandy wine; wishes to hear positively as soon as convenient. 

Letter-press copy of A. L. S. 1 p. Q". 

1798. 'Washing'ton, George. Mt. Vernon. Letter to William Fitzhugh [Alex- 
June 17. andria, Virginia]. Rev. [Jeremy] Belknap proposes to publish a 
work [2d vol. of American Biographies] that cannot fail of being 
interesting; encloses Belknap's "proposal"; asks Fitzhugh to 
"offer" it in the Alexandria coffee houses for subscription; it is 
to be returned afterwards to Washington. Letter-press copy of 
A. L. S. 1 p. Q". 

1798. Washington, George. Mt. Vernon. Letter to Alexander Smith [Vienna 
June 17. ^Maryland]. Has paid Capt. [ ] Walters for plank delivered; 

did so reluctantly after Walter's assurances; considered such pay- 
ment irregular and only made it through desire not to disappoint 
him. Letter-press copy of A. L. S. 1 p. Q". 

1798. Washington, George. Lt. gen. and commander in chief of armies in Amer- 
July 10. ica. Mt. Vernon. Letter to Sir John Sinclair [Scotland,] 

respecting agricultural matters. Letter-press copy of A. i. S. 
4 pp. Q-^. 

Printed: Sinclair's Correspondence, 2,30. 



CALENDAK OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 89 

17!tS. Washington, George. Lt. gen. and commandi-r in chief of the armies in 
July 2o. America. Mt. Vernon. Letter to Dr. James Anderson [Scot" 

land]. Conduct of France towards the United States. Letter- 
press copy of A. L. S. 4 pp. Q". 

Printed: Fonl. WritiuK'-s of Washiiistou, 14, rvi. Spark, Writings of Washing- 
ton, 11,274. 

1798. Washington, (icorge. Lt. gen. and commander in cJiief of armies in Amer- 
July 25. ira. ^It. Vernon. Letter to John Trumbull [London?]. Has 

received his letter of March 6th with two proofs of the "American 
Kevolution"; expresses his deep obligation and thanks for same; 
condition of affairs caused by the arrogant conduct of France will 
probably drag him into public life again; French government will 
find its nustake; asks when he will return to America; Mrs. 
[Martha] Washington and Miss [Eleanor Parke] Custis send 
regards. Letter-press copy of A. L. S. 2 pp. Q". 

1798. Washington, George. Lt. gen. and commander in chief of arnms in Amer- 

Aug. 10. ini. Mt. Vernon. Letter to William Vans Murray, The Hague, 

concerning [Washington's] private letters that have fallen into 

the hands of the French, and the policy of France. Letter-press 

copy of A. L. S. 4 pp. Q". 

rtinted: Ford, Writings of Washington, 14,71. Baker, Washington after the 
Kevohition,36G. (In part.) 

1798. Washington, George. Lt. gen. and commander in chief of the armies in 
Oct. S. America. Mt. Vernon. Letter to Andrew E. Belknap [Boston]. 

Has received his letter of 20th ult. ; William Herbert will attend 
to the subscriptions; has received first volume of the "American 
Biography"; if [Washington's] name was down more than once 
it was to encourage the continuance of the work. Letter-press 
copy of A. L. S. 2 pp. Q°. 

1798. Washington, George. Lt. gen. and commander in chief of the armies in 
Oct. 8. America. Mt. Vernon. Letter to William Herbert [Alexandria, 

Virginia]. Thanks him for information in his letter of 15th ult.; 
has no need of the money in the Bank of Alexandria; has in- 
formed [Andrew E.] Belknap of his kind offer. Letter-press copy 
ofA.L.S. 1 p. Q". 

1798. Washington, George. Lt. gen. and commander in. chief of the armies in 
Nov. 1. America. Mt. Vernon. Letter to [James] Anderson [Mt. Ver- 

non]. Expects letters that may call him to the seat of govern- 
ment [Philadelphia]; his departure will be sudden; may be 
absent 4 or 5 weeks; gives detailed instructions for farm manage- 
ment during his absence; leaves instructions for carpenters, join- 
ers and bricklayers; has received a letter from [Richard] Park- 
inson of J^ngland who will arrive with family and animals at any 
time; leaves Parkinson's letters and his answers thereto for hia 
guidance in the matter; requests that [enclosed?] letter be pre- 
sented to [Maj.] Gen. [Henry] Lee on his arrival in Alexandria; 
directs that [Lee] be shown Bushrod Washington's [an.swer to 
same] and be directed to execute his deed to [Washington]. 
Letter-press copy of A. L. S. 4 pp. il". 
Mutilated. 



90 CALENDAK OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 

1798. Washington, George. Lt. gen. and commander in cMi^f of armies in Amer- 
[Nov. 1.] ica. [Mt. Vernon.] Outline of " Work for Carpenters" during 

his absence. Letter-press copy of A. L. S. 1 p. Q°. 

Enclosed, as are the two following documents, in Washington, George, Let- 
ter to James Anderson 1798, Nov. 1. 

179S. Wasliing'ton, George. Lt. gen. and commander in chief of armies in Amer- 
[Nov. 1.] ica. [Mt. Vernon.] Outline of "Work for Joiner" during his 

absence. Letter-press copy of A. L. S. 1 p. Q°. 

1798. Washington, George. Lt. gen. and commander in chief of armies in Amer- 
[Nov. 1.] ica. [Mt. Vernon.] Outline of "Work for the Bricklayers" 

during his absence. Letter-press copy of A. L. S. 1 p. Q°. 

1798. Washington, George. Lt. gen. and. commander in chief of the armies in 
Nov. 3. America. Mt. Vernon. Letter to [James] Anderson [Mt. Ver- 

non,] concerning Richard Parkinson. Letter-press copy of A. L. S. 
3 pp. Q». 

Printed: Sparks, Writings of Washington, 11, 338. 

1798. Washington, George. Lt. gen. and commander in chief of armies in Amer- 
Nuv. 4. ica. Mt. Vernon. Letter to [Maj.] Gen. [Henry] Lee [Alex- 

andria?]. Acknowledges receipt of his letters from Fredericks- 
burg and Stratford; sets out for Trenton [New Jersey] tomorrow; 
has received report on Major [William B.] Harrison's land from 
Jesse Simms; was surprised to find the Pennsylvania avenue 
[Washington, D. C] lots were not of standard size; he can hardly 
expect payment under these conditions; will accept land at Har- 
' per's Ferry, in Loudon county or any unincumV)ered property 
rather than raise a dispute; sent the deeds which passed between 
them in April last to Bushrod Washington; [James] Anderson 
will present him Bushrod' s opinion thereon and a deed drawn by 
him for signature; has acknowledged Lee's deed before witnesses 
and requests Lee to do the same for [Washington's] deed. Letter- 
press copy of A. L. S. 3 pp. Q". 

1798. Washington, George. Lt. gen. and commander in chief of armies in Amer- 
Nov. 4. ica. Mt. Vernon. Letter to Major [William B.] Harrison [Lees- 

burg? Virginia]. Inquires if he will rent tenements and at what 
terms; considerable damage has been done the crops, fences, etc. on 
[Washington's] adjoining land ; does not care to pay an exorbitant 
price; tenements are worth but little; gives reasons for the state- 
ment; wishes the lease for a term of years. Letter-press copy of 
A. L. S. 2 pp. Q\ 

1798. [Washington, George.] Lt. gen. and commander in chief of armies in 
[Dec. 20.] America. Mt. Vernon. Letter [to Dr. William Thornton, Wash- 

ington, D. C] respecting [Washington's] house in the "Federal 
City." Autograph copy. 1 p. Q°. 

Mutilated. Printed: Memoirs of Long Island Hist. Soc.4, xc. 

1798. Washington, George. Lt. gen. and commander in chief of the armies in 
Dec. 25. America. Mt. Vernon. Letter to George [Washington] Lafayette 

[France?]. Has written a long letter to Gen. [Marie Jean Paul 
Joseph Roche Yves Gilbert du Motier Marquis de] Lafayette; 
has accepted a commission to lead the army in event of war; 
gives news of his acquaintances; Lawrence Lewis is a captain of 



CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 91 

179S. "Washington, George — Continued. 
Dec. 25. light dragoons and is to marry Eleanor [Parke] Custis on Feb. 

22d; [George] Washington [Parke] Custis has been appointed 
cornet in Lewis's troop and Washington Craik a lieutenant in 
same; [Charles] Carrol [jr.] of Carrollton is to be Washington's 
volunteer aid and [Tobias] Lear secretary; expresses hope that the 
[French] Directory will not force a war; ]Mr. and Mrs. [Thomas] 
Law and [uc^ughter] Eliza, and Mr. and Mrs. [Thomas] Peter and 
their two children and Dr. [David] Stuart and family are well; 
Alexandria is thriving and public buildings in the Federal City 
and many private ones are being erected ; Nelly [Custis] is absent 
at Hope Park [Maryland] ; Washington [Custis] and [Lawrence] 
Lewis are beyond the mountains; will be glad to see him when 
the political storm blows over; should be pleased to have M. 
[Felix] Frestal accompany him. Letter-press copy of A. L. S. 
4 pp. Q°. 

1798. Washing-ton, George. Lt. gen. and commander in chief of the armies in 

Dec. 26. America. Mt. Vernon. Letter to William Vans Murray, The 

Hague. "Envoy" Logan and his mission; new session of Con- 

gres; Alien and Sedition laws. Letter-j)ress copy of A. L. S. 3 

pp. Q". 

Printed: Ford, Writings of Wasinngton, 14, 128. Sparks, Writings of 
Washington, 11, 38o. 

1798. Washington, George. Lt. gen. and commander in chief of armies in Am.er- 
Dec. 28. ica. Mt. Vernon. Letter to Richard Raynal Keene. Is always 

glad, when convenient, to help the deserving; mistaken impres- 
sion that prevails as to [Washington's] wealth; finds it no easy 
task to keep expenditures down to receipts; returns his letter of 
24th inst. and its enclosures. Letter-j)ress copy of A. L. S. 2 pp.Q°. 

1798. Washington, George. Lt. gen. and commander in chief of armies in Amer- 
Dec. 30. ica. Mt. Vernon. Letter to [Brig.] Gen. [John] Marshall 

[Richmond? Virginia]. Requests him to forward enclosed packet 
to [Maj.] Gen. [Charles Cotesworth] Pinckney, if he has left 
Richmond; sends Judge [Alexander] Addison's production on 
the Alien and Sedition laws; no amount of clear conviction will 
affect the leaders of the opposition; requests that when he has 
read it he send it to Bushrod Washington; wishes him success 
in election [for Congress]. Letter-press copy of A. L. S. 2 pp. Q°. 

1798. Washington, George. Lt. gen. and commander in chief of armies in Anier- 
Dec. 30. ica. Mt. Vernon. Letter to [Dr.] William Thornton [Washing- 

ton, D. C.]. Has received his letters of 25th inst. enclosing 
Messrs. Blagden and Lenthal's estimate for adding pediment and 
parapet to houses in [Washington]; no plan enclo.sed as stated; 
will delay his decision until his visit to the Federal City; ianot 
acquainted with the principles of architecture but states his pref- 
erences and reasons for treatment of the roof; thanks him for his 
freely expressed opinion. Letter-press copy of A. L. S. 3 pp. Q". 

1798. Washington, George. Lt. gen. and commander in cliief of armies in Amer- 
Dec. 31. ica. Mt. Vernon. Letter to Bushrod Washington [Virginia,] 

respecting Capt. Blackburn, Addison on the Alien and Sedition 
laws and Lee's deed. Letter-press co})y of A. L. N. 3 pp. Q°. 

Printed (in part): Ford, Writings of Wasliington, 14, 139. Sparks, Writings 
of Washington, 11, 386. 



"92 CALENDAR OF WASHINGTOlSr MANUSCRIPTS. 

1798. Washing'ton, George. Lt. gen. and commander hi chief of armies in Amer- 
Dec. 31. ica. Mt. Vernon. Letter to [Maj.] Gen. [Henry] Lee [Vir- 
ginia]. Presumes he has not received the letter a copy of which 
is enclosed; has sent Bushrod Washington the deeds for execu- 
tion; asks [Lee] to acknowledge [Washington's] deed before 
evidence. Letter-press copy of A. L. S. 1 p. Q". 

1799. Washing'ton, George. Lt. gen. and commander in chief of armies in Amer- 
Jan. 5. ica, Mt. Vernon. Letter to [Sir] Philip Rootes [England?]. 

Received his letter of Nov. 15th while in Philadelphia on pub- 
lic business; the land he, as son of Capt. John Rootes, inquires 
after was purchased by Hon. John Page [for Washington] ; satis- 
factory evidence of conveyance and new patent can be seen at the 
Secretary's office [of State of Virginia]. Letter-press copy of A. L. S. 
Ip. Q". 

1799. "Washing'ton, George. Lt. gen. and commander in chief of armies in Amer- 
•Jan. 6. ica. Mt. Vernon. Letter to William Russell [Xew York?]. 

Has received his letter of 20th ult. ; understands difficulties in 
sending the ram and the straw machine; will be glad to receive 
the ground borer; is much in need of such a machine. Letter- 
press copy of A. L. S. 2 pp. Q°. 

1799. Washing'ton, George. lA. gen. and commander in chief of armies in Amer- 
Jan. 10. ica. Mt. Vernon. Letter to Col. Israel Shreve [Pennsylvania]. 

Has received his letter of 21st ult. ; has not heard from his brother 
[Isaac? Shreve] and does not expect to obtain what is due from 
[Israel] except through the courts; he knows the reasons for the 
sale of the land on which he lives; non-payment of the money has 
compelled [Washington] to borrow from the banks; from his past 
conduct has no hope of his ever making payments on time; if 
satisfactory assurance can be given of his paying on April 1st, pro- 
ceedings will be stayed; expects next payment to be promptly 
made and will accept "no further excuses." Letter-press copy 
A. L. K 3 pp. Q°. 

1799. Washington, George. Lt. gen. and commander in chief of armies in Amer- 
Jan. 20. ica. Mt. Vernon. Letter [to Rev. Bryan, Lord Fairfax, Eng- 

land] . Has received letters from him dated June 17th, from Hamp- 
ton Road [s, Virginia], Aug. 21st to 23d from London and Sept. 
7th from York; thanks him for transmitting the letters entrusted 
• to him; insults of France have roused the people; if an invasion is 

threatened [Washington] has consented to lead the armies; he 
has probabh' seen the letter of acceptance of the trust, dated July 
13th last, as it has been printed and scattered l^roadcast; the Vir- 
ginia legislature alone of all the states seems afflicted with oppo- 
sition to all measures of defence; results of this spirit of opposition 
are beyond the reach of man to see; expresses belief in the protec- 
tion of Providence for the country; went to Philadelphia at 
request of the Secretary of War [James McHenry] to assist in for- 
mation of the army; [Countess Selina] Lady Huntington "2i:as" 
a correspondent at one time; claimed a relationship, though 
[Washington] never inquired into it; crops are poor, owing to 
autumnal drought and [Hessian] fly; Mrs. [Martha] Washington 
and he took dinner with Mrs. Fairfax on Wednesday last [Jan. 



CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 93'. 

1799. Washing-ton, George — Continued. 
Jan. 20. Itlth] at Mt. Eagle; all the [Fairfax] family are well; Miss [Eleanor 

Parke] Custis has returned from Hope Park [Maryland] and with 
Mrs. Washington sends best wishes. Endorsed by Washington: 
"To the Right Honorable Bryan Lord Fairfax". Letter-press 
copy of A. L. S. 7 pp. Q". 

Printed (in part): Ford, Writings of Washington, 14, 140. 

1799. Washing-ton, George. Lt. gen. and co»irnander in chief of armies in Amer- 
Jan. 20. int. Mt. Vernon. Letter to Col. Clement Biddle [Philadelphia]. 

Has received his letter of 13th inst. ; asks him to send a bushel of 
English or blue grass seed, "fresJi, & good" for the lawn in front 
of the house; white clover will answer if first is unobtainable; 
expects two hats from [ ] Parish; may be sent with the 

boots and book cases. Letter-press copy (f A. J,. S. 1 p. Q". 

1799. Washington, George. Lt. gen. (ind commander in chief of armies in Amer- 
.lan. 20. ica. Mt. Vernon. Letter to Sir John Sinclair [Scotland,] con- 

cerning National Board of Agriculture. Letter-press copy of 
A. L. S. 3 pp. Q". 
Printed: Sinclair's Correspondence, 2, 31. 

1799. Washing-ton, George. Lt. gen. andajmmander in chief <f armies in Amer- 
Jan. 23. ica. Mt. Vernon. Letter to Col. Clement Biddle [Philadelphia]. 

Wrote him a few days ago [Jan. 20th] but forgot to inciuire the i)rice 
current of flour and wheat; the Philadelphia jjaper that used to 
give this information has discontinued it; whenever he writes 
wishes him to give same. Jjetter-jwess coj)y of A. L. S. 1 p. Q". 

1799. Washington, George. J J. gen. and commander in chief of armies in Amer- 
Jau. 23. ica. Mt. Vernon. Letter to Robert Lewis [Fredericksburg? Vir- 

ginia]. Wishes to know his determination as to taking "Young 
Royal Gift" for ensuing season; would like to receive his rents as 
early as possible; is under expense of erecting two buildings in the 
Federal City; wrote to Major [William B.] Harrison in l)eginning 
of November [4th] but has received no reply; encloses press 
copy of the letter to be shown Harrison that an answer may be 
obtained. Letter-press copy of A. L. ,S. 3 i)p. (1°. 

1799. Washing-ton, George. Lt. gen. and commander in chief of armies in Arner- 
Jan. 25. ica. Mt. Vernon. Letter to Col. Francis Deakins [(ieorgetown, 

D. C.]. Has received his letter of 16th inst. enclosing one from 
Hezekiah Veatch of Dec. 1st and statement of account against 
Charles McDavitt; his management of the affair is approved; also 
received hogshead of tobacco in payment of rent from Mrs. Pria- 
cilla Beall. Letter-press copy o/ A . L. S. 1 p. Q°. 

1799. Washing-ton, (ieorge. Lt. gen. and commander in cJtief of armies in Amer- 
Jan. 29. ica. Mt. Vernon. Letter to Col. Clement Biddle [Philadelphia]. 

Will not be able to finish as much ground as expected with the 
bushel of blue grass or white clover seed ordered; requests that 
he send 25 pounds only; if bushel has been purchased meantime, 
Avill pay for it; expects account is overdrawn; will remit balance 
as soon as statement is received. Letter-p>ress copy of A. L. »S'.. 
1 p. Qo. 



94 CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 

1799. WasMngton, George. IJ. gen. and commander in chief of arynies in Amer- 
Jan. 30. ica. Mt. Vernon. Letter to [Dr.] William Thornton [Washing- 

ton, D. C.]. Has received his letter of 28th inst. enclosing deeds 
for the Federal City lots and Messrs. Blagden and Lenthal's draw- 
ing and estimate; approves the latter; miscellaneous instructions 
as to same; wishes to know if the deed for lot on which building 
is going up is in the City Office; cannot tind it au:iong his papers. 
Letter-press copy of A. L. S. 2 pp. Q". 

1799. Washington, George. Lt. gen. and commander in chief of armies in Amer- 
Feb. 1. ica. Mt Vernon. Letter to Col. Clement Biddle [Philadelphia]. 

Has received his letter of 27th ult. ; as entire quantity of grass 
seed was purchased, requests that it be sent with 12 pounds of 
white clover and like quantity of Lucern; gives reason for being 
so particular as to quality; if Capt. [ ] Ellwood will anchor 

off Mt. Vernon, will send a boat out for the book cases. Letter- 
press copy of A . L. S. 1 p. Q°. 

1799. Washing-ton, George. Lt. gen. and commander in chief of armies in Amer- 
Feb. 5. ica. "Mt. Vernon in Virginia." Letter to [Sir] Uvedale Price 

[England]. Extends thanks for his kindness and letter (jf March 
31, [1797]; has just received his "Essay on the Picturesque" [An 
Essay on the Picturesque as compared with the Sulilime and 
Beautiful, 2 vols, enlarged ed. 1797.] ; will read it with pleasure and 
profit. Letter-press copy of A. L. S. 1 p. Q°. 

1799. Washington, George. Lt. gen. and ccnnmander in chief of armies in^imer- 
Feb. 6. /(•'/. Mt. Vernon. Letter [to Major William B Harrison, Lees- 

burg, Virginia]. Has received his letter of 24th ult.; became 
guarantor for rent of land [near Washington's Mill] because was 
convinced of its exhausted condition; his letter did not answer his 
question regarding lea.sing same to him; wishes to know terms on 
which it would be leased; [Washington's] land will always be 
damaged while dishonest people live on this tract; has no proof 
against John Javins or the others but his crops are damaged and 
his stock stolen; [Javins] keeps a tippling house; is told that it 
is a place of deposit for all stolen articles. Letter-press copy of 
A. L. S. . 3 pp. Q°. 

1899. Washington, George. Lt. gen. and commander in. chief of armies in Amer- 
Feb. 10. ica. Mt. Vernon. Letter to [Col.] Timothy Pickering [Phila- 

delphia]. Pickering's report to Congress; Gerry's course. Let- 
ter-press copy of A. L. S. 2 pp. Q°. 
Printed with slight variations: Ford, Writings of Washington, 14, 151. 

1799. Washington, George. Lt. gen. and commander in chief of armies in Amer- 
Feb. 11. ica. Mt. Vernon. Letter to James Lloyd [Philadelphia]. Has 

received his letter of 28th ult. enclosing [Elbridge] Gerry's 
correspondence with [Charles Maurice Perigord de] Talleyrand, 
also report of Secretarj' of State [Timothy Pickering] thereon; is 
not surprised that the latter was distasteful to the H[ouse] of 
R[epresentatives]; believes that "the great mass of our Citizens 
require only to understand matters rightly, to form right deci- 
sions"; seems to be the business of some to misrepresent facts; 
did not answer his letter of July last on Kentucky jiolitics as 
Congress was about to adjourn. Letter-press copy of A. L. S. 2 
pp. Q°. 



CALENDAE OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 95 

1799. Washing-ton, George. Lt. gea. and commandrr in chief of armies in Amer- 
Feh. 14. i<'ii. 'Sit. Vernon. Letter to Col. William A[ugustine] Wash- 

ington [Westmoreland county, Virginia]. Takes opportunity 
given by H[enry] Washington to offer to take 100 bbls. of corn 
over and above the 500 bbls. contracted for, on same terms; is 
sorrv to hear of his indisposition. Letter-press copy of A. L. S. 
1 1.." Q°. 

1799. Washing-ton, George. Lt. gen. and commander in cliief of armies in Amer- 

Feb. 1."). irn. Mt. Vernon. Letter to James Welch [Rockingham county, 

N'irginia]. Jainiary and half of Fel)ruary have passed with no 

money nor word from him; is in need of the rent; reminds him 

(if his assurances. Letter-press copy of A. L. S. 1 p. Q°. 

1799. Washing-ton, George. Lt. gen. and commander in cliief of armies in Amer- 
Feb. 15. ii-(i. Mt. Vernon. Letter to [Col.] Timothy Pickering [Phila- 

delphia]. Has received his letter; although not marked "priv- 
ate" did not feel at liberty to mention its contents; will hereafter 
consider his communications under three heads; those marked 
"confidential'^ to be considered so, "private" to be divulged to a 
select few and will feel no restraint concerning those unmarked. 
Letter-press copy of A. L. S. 1 p. Q°. 

1799. Washing-ton, George. Lt. gen. and commander in cliief of armies in Amer- 
Feb. 15. ica. ' Mt. Vernon. Letter to [Dr.] William Thornton [Washing- 

ton, D. C.]. Has received his letter of 12th. inst. and Blagden's 
estimate for glass for the houses in the Federal City; has not 
been obliged to obtain a loan for funds for this purpose as yet; but 
expects the necessity to arise. Letter-press copy of A. L. S. 
Ip. Q°. 

1799. Washington, George. Lt. gen. and commander in chief of armies in Amer- 
Feb. 18. ica. Mt. Vernon. Letter to Col. Clement Biddle [Philadel- 

phia]. His letter and account received; encloses $100 to be 
placed to his credit; [Capt. ] EUwood has not yet arrived; 

thanks him for prices current of flour and asks that he do not for- 
get the Lucern and white clover seed. L^etter-press copy of A. L. S. 
1 p. Q°. 

1799. Washington, George. Lt. gen. and commander in chief of armies in Amer- 
Mar. 4. ica. Mt. Vernon. Letter to [Judge] Alexander Addison [Phil- 

adelphia]. Has received his letter of Jan. 31, 1799 and his 2d 
charge to the Grand Jury of 5th Circuit of State of Pennsyl- 
vania; wishes more men would follow his example; the blinding 
of the people to facts by a small number of men is the cause of 
the present evils; asks his aid to obtain payment of balance due 
him from estate of Col. [Matthew] Ritchie; has been compelled 
to borrow on renewed notes of 60 days, from the banks. Letter- 
press copy of A. L. S. 2 pp. Q". 

1799. Washington, George. Lt. gen. and commander in chief of armies in Amer- 
Mar. 17. ica. Mt. Vernon. Letter to George Ball [Lancaster county, 

Virginia]. Instead of receiving £303 in April of the last year as 
agreed for the Gloucester county [Virginia] la.nds, has heard no 
word from him; first installment of the residue will be due [April] 
10 [1799]; parted with these lands which he considered the most 
valual)le in the country under pressure of need of money; expects 
liim to be prompt in this payment. Letter-press copy of A. L. S. 
Ip. Q". 



96 CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 

1799. Washing'ton, George. Lt. gen. and commander in. el lief of armies in Amer- 
Mar. 17. ica. Mt. Vernon. Letter to Maj. Gen. [Benjamin] Lincoln 

[Boston]. Has been induced to erect two houses in the Federal 
City for a person [Dr. ^Villianl Thornton?] who intends to fur- 
nish accommodation for members of Congress; understands win- 
dow glass can be had cheap in Boston; asks him to procure sizes 'as 
given at foot of this letter. Letter-press copy of A. L. 8. 2 pp. Q°. 

1799. Washing'ton, George. Lt. gen. and commander in chief of armies in Amer- 
Mar. 17. ica. Mt. Vernon. Letter to Joseph' Anthony [Philadelphia]. 

Has received from John Trumbull "now in London" four sets of 
"Battle of Bunker's Hill" and " Death of Genl. Montgomery"; 
wrote to Governor [Jonathan] Trun^bull who replied that [An- 
thony] might have been authorized to receive the subscriptions 
for above; wishes to know about this and the terms, as he has 
forgotten them. Letter-press copy of A . L. S. 1 p. Q". 

1799. Washington, George. Lt. gen. and commander in chief of armies in Amer- 
Mar. 17. ica. Mt. Vernon. Letter to Col. Clement Biddle [Philadeli:)hia]. 

Remitted $100 by letter on the 18th ult. ; no acknowledgement 
being received is apprehensive of its safe arrival; asks him to 
send the Lucern seed, mentioned in former letters, by the mail 
stage; wishes to know the Philadelphia prices of flour. Letter- 
press copy of A. L. S. 1 p. Q". 

1 799. Washington, George. Lt. gen. and commander in chief of armies in Amer- 
INlar. 20. tea. Mt. Vernon. Letter to [Col.] Timothy Pickering [Phila- 

delphia]. Has received his letters of 28th ult. and 11th inst.;; 
forwards him the German letters [from Dr. J. F. Ramnitz] and 
box [of medicine] to be disposed of as he sees fit; encloses an 
acknowledgement of the receipt of above letter and box; requests 
him to forward it to BerUn through the United States Minister 
[John Quincy Adams] at that place. Letter-press copy of A. L. S. 
2 pp. Q». 

1799. Washing'ton, George. LA. gen. and commander in (^ief of armies in Amer- 
Mar. 20. ica. "Mt. Vernon in Virginia". Letter to [Dr.] J. F. Ramnitz, 

"Druggist near Berlin". Has received his letter of October 
31st with box of medicine; has been out of public life for more 
than two years; thanks him for his humanity and benevolence 
towards the inhabitants of Philadelphia and New York; has sent 
his letter and medicines to Col. [Timothy] Pickering, Secretary 
of State. Endorsed In' Washington: "To Mr. J. F. Ramnitz, 
Druggist near Berlin " . Letter-press copy of xi. L. S. 2 jip. Q". 

1799. Washington, George. Lt. gen. and commander In chief of the armies in 
j\Iar. 25. America. Mt. Vernon. Letter to Gen. [Alexander] Spotswood 

[Newport, Kentucky]. Has received his letter of 15th inst. 
enclosing one from [Peyton] Short which is herewith returned; 
wishes his thanks conveyed to Short for finding out Abraham 
Hite'spriceforWoodrow's survey; declines the purchase; thanks 
him for the notice of "■the tale of the Tubs"; such conspiracies will 
always exist under present conditions. Letter-press copy of A. L. S^ 
2 pp. Qo. 



CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 97 

1799. Washing-ton, George. Lt. i/en. mtd romriuindt'r in chief of arnden in Amer- 
Mar. 31. ica. Mt. Vernon. Letter to Maj. Gen. [Charles Cotesworth] 

Pinckney [Charleston, Smith Carolina]. Maj. [Thomas] Pinckney 
has told him of the wish of South Carolina gentlemen to improve 
the breed of mules; has written [Brig.] Gen. [William] Washing- 
ton where he or his friends can obtain descendants of "Royal 
Gift"; sends description of these young jacks. Letter-press copy 
a/A.S.L. 2 pp. Q". 

17in). Washing-ton, (xeorge. IJ. gen. and commander in chief of armies in Amer- 
M;ir. ;!1. ic<i. Mt. Vernon. Letter to M[ason] L[ocke] Weems. Has 

received his letter of 26th inst. ; sale of his Great Kanawha lands 
to James Welch is conditional only; gives terms of the agreement; 
first year's rent is over due and has not been paid. Letter-press 
copy of A . L. S. 1 J). Q". 

1799. Washing-ton, George. Lt. gen. aiul commander in chief (f armies in Amer- 
jMar. :?1. ica. Mt. Vernon. Letter to Brig. Gen. William Washington 

[Charleston, South Carolina]. Has just heard by letter from 
[Maj.] Gen. [Charles Cotesworth] Pinckney of his expected trip 
to Princeton [New Jersey]; will be glad to see him [at Mt. Ver- 
mm] ; no (commissions nor recruiting orders have been issued in 
Virginia; Major [Thomas] Pinckney mentioned the matter of 
improving the breed of mules in South Carolina; spoke in general 
terms of his jacks at the time; encloses a description of those he 
will sell; their pedigrees; all are descended from "Royal Gift". 
Letter-press copy of A. L. S. 2 pp. Q". 

179M. Washing'ton, George. Lt. gen. and commander in chief (f armies in Amer- 
Mar. :u. ica. Mt. Vernon. Description of three jacks; pedigree etc. ; also 

of three or four jennies. Letter-press copy of A. L. S. Ip. il". 

Enclosed in Washington, George, Letter to Williiiiu Wasliington 1799, 
March 31. 

1799. Washing-ton, George. Lt. gen. and commander in chief of armies in Atner- 
Apr. 7. ica. Mt. Vernon. Letter to William Booker [Richmond, Vir- 

ginia]. Has received his letter of 31st ult.; will expect him on 
the 1st or by the lOth of June; that the mill may t)e erected 
before the water of the grist mill fails is all he wishes; scantling 
will be prepared as directed. Letter-press copy of A. L. S. 1 p. Q". 

179SJ. Washing'ton, (ieorge. Lt. gen. and commander in chitf of armies in. Amer- 
Apr. 10. ica. Mt. Vernon. Letter to Major William [B.] Harrison 

[Leesburg, Virginia]. Has received his letter of 28th ult.; 
acknowledges kind offer but is unable for given reasons either to 
buy or rent his lands; state his opinion of John Robinson, James 
Wel(-h and [ ] Hamilton; has not heard of Col. [ ] Mason's 
and [Richard] Chichester's survey of land hereabouts [Mt. Ver- 
non]; invites [Harrison] to visit him; his clerk [Albin Rawlins] 
will run the lines for him without charge. Letter-press copy of 
A. L. S. 4 pp. Q". 

1799. Washing-ton, George. Lt. gen. and commander in chief of armies in Amer- 
Apr. 18. ica. Mt. Vernon. Letter to [Maj.] Gen. [Henry] Lee [Alex- 

andria? Virginia]. Has received his letter of Feb. 28th; will say 
nothing in reply until he sees him in May; asks if he has any 

19108—01 7 



98 CALENDAR OF AYASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 

1799. Washing-ton, George — Continued. 
Apr. 18. corn for sale; wants more tlian he can get from his nephew [Wil- 

liam Augustine Washington] ; will give Alexandria cash price on 
delivery or 15s. per bbl., which is what [John] Tayloe obtained 
on cargo just shipped to Baltimore; wishes to hear from him at 
nnce. Letter-press copy of A. L. S. 1 p. Q." 

1799. Washing-ton, George. Lt. gen. and commander hi dtief of armies in Amer- 
Apr. 21. ic(t. Mt. Vernon. Letter to [Dr. ] William Thornton [Washing- 

ton, D. 0.]. Has received his letter of the 19th inst. ; thanks him 
for his attention to the construction of his buildings in the Fed- 
eral City; expects glass for same, as ordered by [George] Blagden, 
<jn the first vessel from Boston; heard with regret of death of Miss 
[ ] Dalton; [Tobias] Lear has not yet returned. Letter-press 
ropH (f A. L. S. 1 p. Q". 

1799. Washing-ton, George. Ll.gen. a)id coiiunander in ckief of armies in Amer- 
Apr. 21. ica. Mt. Vernon. Letter to Col. [Clement] Biddle [Philadel- 

phia]. Acknowledges receipt of his letters of March 21st and 11th 
inst. ; the clover and Lucern seed, shipped Vjy Capt. [ ] Hand 
for Alexandria, has not been deposited by him at the custom 
house; is much disappointed as season is too late to obtain 
more; thanks him for shipping by Capt. [ ] Ell wood the 
packages that were in Philadelphia custom house; thinks they 
same from the East Indies in the ship George Barclay and contain 
seed and exotics. Letter-jrress copy of A . L. S. 1 p. Q". 

1799. Washington, George. Lt. gen. and annmander in chief of armies in Amer- 
Apr. 22. ica. Mt. Vernon. Letter to Jesse Simms [Alexandria, Virginia] . 

Will give no definite answer to his letter of 19th inst. until he 
sees [Maj.] Gen. [Henry] Lee next month; his deceit has not 
added to [Washington's] opinion of him; the charge of [Wash- 
ington] speculating in his notes is false; [Simms] was not to know 
that Lee^ was to be allowed full value of the note; the report he 
has circulated is malicious and must have been conceived and 
' ' propagated ' ' for the ' ' worst of purposes. "' Letter-press copy of 
A. L. S. 1 p. Q°. 

1799. Washington, Geoi-ge. Lt. gen. and commander in chief of armies hi Amer- 
Aj)r. 28. ira. ]\It. Vernon. Letter [to Major Roger? West, Walnut? Grove, 

Virginia]. Will answer questions in his letter "of this date" 
as best he can; remembers him presenting a letter from Col. 
[Robert] Hooe last autumn and his intimation of desire to join 
the provisional army; did not remember that he objected to 
aj)pointment in the twelve regiments that might become a stand- 
ing army; is hurried with preparation of important dispatches; 
hopes he will understand this letter. Letter-jrress copy of A. L. S. 
2 pp. Q". • ^ ■ 

1799. Washington, George. Lt. gsn. and commander in chief of armies in Amer- 
Apr. 26. (■(•(/. Letter [to Thomas Ludwell Lee, Shooters Hill, Virginia]. 

Could not speak to him on Wednesday [April 24th] on what he 
now communicates; intends remarking the lines of his lands> 
which have been frequently trespassed upon, on Four Mile Run 
[Virginia] ; is to meet all the other adjacent property holders at 
corner of Adams's patent on Monday next [April 29th]; will be 
glad to see him also. Letter-press copy of A. L. S. 1 p. Q°. 



CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANTTSCRIPTS. 99 

1799. "Washing-ton, George. Lt. gen. and commandfr in chief of armies in Ayyier- 
Apr. 28. ic'i. Mt. Vernon. Letter to Col. Clement Biddle [Philadel- 

phia]. Since las^t letter to him [April 21st] has received the seeds 
sent by Capt. [ ] Hand; while [Washington] was in 

Philadeli)hia tliere was a machine at Kensington [Pennsylvania] 
for raking harvest fields after they are cut; desires Biddle to send 
one by the first vessel to Alexandria; will send him a few barrels 
of well cured shad and herrings to sell on commission if he can 
get a fair price; asks to be informed of the Philadelphia prices of 
wheat and flour. Letter-press copy of A. L. S. 1 p. Q°. 

1799. "Washing-ton, George. Lt. gen. and commander in chief of armies in Amer- 
May 5. icn. Mt. Vernon. Letter to [Thomas Peter, Georgetown, D. C.]. 

Encloses a tobacco note; if his father thinks best, directs him to 
sell the tobacco now in the Georgetown warehouse; asks to };e 
informed by [George] Washington [Parke] Custis of any account 
received from London of sale of [Washington's] tobacco; also 
what dividend was declared on the Bank of Columbia stock last 
half year. Letter-press copy of A. L. S. 1 p. Q". 

1799. "Washington, George. Lt. gen. and commander in cldef of armies in Amer- 
May 16. ica. Mt. Vernon. Letter to Major William [B.] Harrison [Lees- 

burg, Virginia]. Would like to lease his "Chapel" lands; terms 
offered; frank exposition of value of lands and reasons for desiring 
to rent same; chances of loss in present speculative craze. Letter- 
press copy of A. L. iS. 3 J)]), il". 

1 799. "Washington, George. Lt. gen. and commander in chief of armies in Anier- 
May 20. ica. Mt. Vernon. Letter to Col. William Augustine Washing- 

ton [Westmoreland county, Virginia]. Has received his letter 
of 2d inst. and the corn by Capt. [ ] Bowcock; hopes he 

will find the whiskey and fish, sent by same vessel, good; will 
pay for corn on demand but hopes he will not call for same until 
he needs it; is borrowing money now from the Bank of Alexan- 
dria to meet his engagements; congratulates him on his approach- 
ing marriage [with Miss Ella Bassett] ; is pleased with the election 
of [Maj.] Gen. [Henry] Lee and [John] Marshall [to Congress]. 
L^etter-press copy of A. L. S. 2 pp. Q". 

1799. Washington, George. Lt. gen. and commander in chief of armies inArner- 
a\lay 24. ica. Mt. Vernon. Letter to Col. William A[ugustine] Washing- 

ton [Westmoreland county, Virginia]. Enclosed letter [May 
20th] was written, expecting to be sent l)y [Maj.] (Jen. [Henry] 
Lee on his return; his letter of 21st inst., by Capt. [ ] Bow- 
cock received meantime; thought he sent the whiskey; sends two 
barrels as requested; will exchange same for grain, rye, Indian 
corn, etc.; can supply him with fish for his negroes in exchange 
for grain; congratulates him on his marriage; [James] Anderson 
will send him account of barrels of corn received. Letter-jjress copy 
ofA.L.S. 2 pp. (I". 

1799. "Washington, George. LA. gen. and commander in chief of armies in Amer- 
3Iay 26. ica. Mt. Vernon. Letter to Gouverneur Morris [New York?]. 

Has received his letter of 9th inst. from Newark [New Jersey] ; 
congratulates him on his safe return to America and would be 
pleased to see him at Mt. Vernon at any time. Ljctter-press copy 
of A. L. S. 1 p. Q". 



100 CALENDAK OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 

1799. "Washingiion, George. Lf. gen. and commander iyi chief of arrrAes in Amer- 
May 26. ica. Mt. Vernon. Letter to Rev. [Jedidiah] Morse [Charles- 

town, Massachusetts]. Thank^; him for sending his "Sermon 
exhibiting the present dangers and c-onsequent duties of the Citi- 
zens of the United States of America." Letter-press copy of A. L. 
S. 1 p. Q". 

1799. Washing'ton, George. Lt. gen. and commander in chief of armies inAmer- 
May 26. ica. Mt. Vernon. Letter to [James Welch, Fredericksburg, Vir- 

ginia] . Received his letter of 16th. inst. ; had formed no hope 
from the proposed application at Fredericksburg; has been dis- 
tressed by his non-payment; will wait until November for his 
payment on the Great Kanawha lands; requires him to give the 
names of tenants, lands and rents held, and the prospect for others. 
Letter-press copy of A. L. S. 1 ]>. Q". 

1799. Washington, George. Lt. gen. and commander hi chief of armies in Amer- 

May 26. ica. Mt. Vernon. Letter to William Russell [New York]. Has 

received his letter of 11th. inst. from New York and articles 

therein mentioned; the ram seems a good one; would be pleased 

to receive the swine. Letter-press copy of A. L. S. 1 p. Q°. 

1799. Washington, George. Lt. gen. and commander in chief of armies in Amer- 
May 30. ica. Mt. Vernon. Letter to Rt. Rev. Dr. [Wilham] White 

[Philadelphia]. Acknowledges with thanks receipt of his "Ser- 
mon on the Duty of Civil Obedience, as required in Scripture." 
Letter-press copy of A . L. S. 1 p. Q". 

1 799. Washington, George. Lt. gen. and commander in chief of armies in Amer- 
IMay 31). Via. Mt. Vernon. Letter to Dr. [Charles] Buxton [Perth 

Amboy, New Jersey]. Has received his letter of 27th. ult. and 
the two proofs "(one on satin)" of the American Revolution; did 
not the late President of the LTnited States [Washington] occupy 
such a prominent position in the engraving would say more of it; 
would be glad to have him visit Mt. Vernon. Letter-press copy of 
A. L. S. 1 p. Q". 

1799. Washington, George. Lt. gen. and commander in chief of armies in Amer- 
June 5. ica. Mt. Vernon. Letter to Maj. Gen. [Charles Cotesworth] 

Pinckney [Mulberry Grove, South Carolina]. Has received his 
letter of 24th. ult. with enclosures; thanks him for the interest- 
ing details of the military and political condition of South Caro- 
lina; would like to know the disposition of troops in the three 
southern Atlantic states [North and South Carolina, Georgia,] 
and Tennessee; [Pinckney's] knowledge of military affairs is such 
as to need no assistance; delivered his letter to Capt. Presley 
Thornton; will say nothing concerning those he has comnnmi- 
cated to the Secretary of War [James ]McHenry]; Mrs. [Martha] 
Washington sends her thanks for the melon seeds. Letter-press 
copy of A . L. S. 3 pp. Q°. 

1799. Washington, George. Lt. gen. and commander in chief of armies in Amer- 

June 6. ica. Mt. Vernon. Letter to Col. Clement Biddle [Philadelphia]. 

Has received his letters of 18th. and 21st. ult. ; if the inventor of 

the raking machine has moved from Philadelphia and J[ ] 



rALP:NDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 101 

1799. Washing-ton, George — Continued. 
June 6. Williams will sell his, will purchase same; wishes to know what 

effect the "Arrette of Roume & Touissant" [Toussaint L'Ouver- 
ture] and Consul [Edward] Stevens's dispatches from St. Do- 
mingo will have on the price of flour; merchants believe the island 
ports will not be opened. Letter-press copy of A. L. S. 2 pp. Q". 

1799. Washing-ton, (ieorge. Ll. gen. and commander in chief of armies in. Amer- 
Juiu- 7. ic(i. Mt. Vernon. Letter to William H. Foote. Encloses copy 

of notes [of survey] of the " meanderings " of [Dogue] Run; 
the island was claimed by George Ashford; this survey, made 
30 years ago, will not now be accurate. Letter-press copy of A. L. S. 
1 p. Q". 

1799. Washing-ton, George. Lt. gen. and commander in chief of armies inAmer- 
June 10. ica. Mt. Vernon. Letter to Col. William A[ugustine] Wash- 

ington [Westmoreland county, Virginia]. Has received his 
letter of 1st. inst. and the corn; [James] Anderson will render 
him the account; does not wish to delay payment a moment; 
mentions the disappointments in his receipts; with respect to 
[ ] Flood, for corn from F[ ] " W — n" the money w411 

be ready when called for; does not wish him to draw at sight, but 
desires a day or two notice. Letter-press cop >/ of A. L. S. -i pp. 

Q". ' 

1799. Washington, George. Lt. gen. and commander in chief of ar7nies in Amer- 
June 16. ica. Mt. Vernon. Letter to [Dr.] William Thornton [W^ash- 

ington, D. C.]. Has received his letter of 5th. inst.; will arrange 
to meet [George] Blagden's call for $1000 on 1st. of next month; 
has a letter from a gentleman in Baltimore that the glass from 
Boston has gone there and the wrong box sent to Alexandria; 
wishes him to request Blagden to send it to Col. [George] Gil- 
pin. Letter-]>ress copy of A. L. S. 1 p. Q". 

1799. Washington, George. Lt. gen. and commander in chief of armies in Amer- 
June 16. ica. Mt. Vernon. Letter to Col. Francis Deakins [Georgetown, 

D. C.]. Has received his letter of 12th. inst. enclosing [Hezekiah] 
Veatch's to him of March 11th. and settlement with Mrs. Pris- 
cilla Beall; Veatch may withhold any part of [ ] Reed's 

bond on [Charles] McDades' [McDavitt's?] account; asks him to 
sell the tobacco received from Mrs. Beall. Letter-press copy of 
A . L. S. 2 pp. (f . 

1799. Washington, George. Lt. gen. and commander in chief oj armies in xinier- 
June 17. ica. Mt. Vernon. Letter to Wilson Allen [Richmond, Vir- 

ginia]. Has received his letter of 29th. ult. ; Bushrod Washing- 
ton's opinion on the deed between [Maj.] Gen. [Henry] Lee and 
himself was given on mistaken grounds; requests him to with- 
hold recording the deeds unless he is satisfied that no harm will 
result by so doing. Letter-press copy of A. L. S. 2 pp. Q°. 

1799. Washington, George. Lt. gen. and conunander in chief of armies in Amer- 
June 17. ica. Mt. Vernon. Letter to William Roberts [Petersburg, Vir- 

ginia]. His conduct in his present situation has not })een what 
it should have been; would employ him again if he would stop 



102 



CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 



1799. Washington, George — Continued. 
June 17. drinking; if he will honestly try will take him at usual wages as 

miller; encloses terms as written by [James] Anderson; [Joseph] 
Davenport who succeeded him lived at the mill until his death, 
three years ago; [ ] Callahan, the present miller, is indolent 

and leaves on Aug. 12th; conditions under which he will be reem- 
ployed; advantages of the situation described. Letter-pre,s.<< copy 
ofA.L.S. 3 pp. Q". 

1799. ■Washington, George. Lt. gen. and ronnmmder in chief of armies in Amer- 
June 25. /'". ^It. Vernon. Letter to William Herbert [Alexandria, Vir- 

ginia] . Disappointment at not receiving money from sale of certain 
lands; asks Herbert to oV)tain terms for him from Bank of Alex- 
andria for a loan of $5000 with which to tide over. Ldter-press- 
copy of A. L. S. 2 pp. Q". 
Almost illegible. 

1799. Washington, George. Lt. yen. and commander in chief of armies in Amer- 

June 26. ica. Mt. Vernon. Letter to [Col. Francis Deakins, Georgetown, 

D. C.]. "Below is a receipt" for proceeds of sale of tobacco 

received from Mrs. [Priscilla] Beall and for §26 paid by [Heze- 

kiah] Veatch; approves [Deakins'] action towards latter. 

Mt. Vernon. June 26, 1799. Receipt to Col. Francis Deakins 
for §26 paid by H. Veatch on account for rent and for §101.89 for 
sales of tobacco received from Mrs. Priscilla Beall for rent. Leiter- 
press copy of A. L. S. 1 p. Q". 

1799. Washington, George. Li. yen. and cominander in cJiief <f armies in Amer- 
June 30. ica. Mt. Vernon. Letter to Edward Savage [Princeton, New- 

Jersey]. Has received his letter of 17th inst. and the prints; 
extends ^Irs. [Martha] Washington's thanks for same and his 
own for prints of the "Chase" and the " Cont^titution & L' Insur- 
gent", specimens of engraving by aqua fortis; the discovery should 
prove valuable; wishes to be informed when he has executed his 
land.scapes by this proce.ss. Letter-i)ress copy of A. L. S. 1 p. Q". 

1799. Washington, George. Lt. yen. and commander in chief of arm iett in Amer- 
Sept. 20. ica. Mt. Vernon. Letter to Lawrence Lewis [Mt. Vernon]. 

Provision made for the Custis children; offers Lewis and Nelly 
Custis [Eleanor Parke Custis Lewis] the Mt. Vernon tract on 
Gum Spring road on which to live. Letter-press copy of A. L. S. 
4 pp. Q». 
Printed: Ford, Writings of Washington. 14/209. 

1799. Washington, George. Lt. gen. and commander in chief of armies in. Amer- 
Nov. 30. ica. Mt. Vernon. Letter to [Rev. Bryan,] Lord Fairfax [Alex- 

andria, Virginia]. Thanks him for the "courses" of his land on 
Difficult Run [Loudon county, Virginia,] contained in his letter 
of 20th inst. ; is satisfied that the land between the Tanker\-ille 
line and his own is not waste land as thought; [Washington's] 
tract is only 275 acres by Norris's survey; the new line cuts off 
some of the most valuable part by right of an older patent 
of [Fielding?] Lewis's; [Washington] will meet [Bryan] ancf 
Ferd[inando] Fairfax in the spring and run the new lines in 
conjunction to avoid future disputes. Letter-press copy of A. L. S. 
3 pp. Qo. 



DOCUMENTS TO WASHINGTON. 



103 



DOCUMENTS TO WASHINGTON. 



[1754?] Virginia, [Colon _v.] Troops. Present and proposed establishment. 
[Mar.-Oc't.] Present establishment of a regiment, with pay of each officer; 

establishment of a company with pay of officers and rank and 
file; scheme for forming the Virginia quota into two battahons 
of 10 companies each; officers and pay recommended. Endorsed 
by Washington: "Proposed Establ. for the Troops of Virgr". 
2 pp. F'. 

[1754.] West, John jr. Capt., 1st Virginia regiment. [Will's Creek, Maryland.] 
[June.] Return of new recruits; 21 names given. Endorsed by Washing- 

ton: "Return of the Recruits not incorporated" and "Of Captn. 
West's New^ Recruits." 1 p. Q". 

Names are given in index. See: Toner, J. M. Journal of Cieorge Washing- 
ton, 1754, p. fiS. 

1754. Virginia, [Colony.] Troops, 1st Regiment. [Will's Creek, Maryland.] 
July 1. A morning return to George Washington. Tabular statement. 

Endorsed by Washington: "A Report of ye Regt. July 1st, 
1754." 1 p. 12°. 
Printed: Toner, Washington's Journal, 17.54, p. 170. 

1754. Mercer, George. Capt., 1st Virginia regiment. Will's Creek [Maryland]. 
July 9. Tabulated return of his company [to George Washington]. En- 

dorsed by Washington: "Return of Captn. Mercer's Compa." 
and "A particular and Genl. Return of Captn. Mercer's Com- 
pany." 1 p. 8°. 
Printed: Toner, Washington's .Journal, 1754, p. IWJ. 

1754. Van Braam, Jacob. Capt., 1st Virginia regiment. [Will's Creek, Mary- 
July 9. land.] Tabulatedreturnof his company [to George Washington]. 
Signed: "A Return per John Mercer Ensign." Endorsed by 
Washington: "Return of Captn. Vanbraams Compy." and "A 
Return of Captn. Vanbraam's Company." 1 p. Q". 
Printed: Toner, Washington's Journal, 17.54, p. 178. 

1754. Mercer, George. Capt., l.'^t Virginia regiment. Will's Creek [Maryland]. 
July 9. Return of his company [to George Washington]. List of men fit 

for duty, killed, wounded, missing, etc., 50 names. 2 pp. 8°. 

Printed: Toner, Washington Journal, 1754, p. 17S. 

1754. Van Braam, Jacob. Capt., 1st Virginia regiment. [Will's Creek, Mary- 
July 9. land.] "List" of his company [returned to George Washington]. 
Killed, wounded, missing etc. 51 names. Signed: "John Mercer 
Ensign. ' ' Endorsed by Washington : " A particular Retr. of Captn. 
Vanbraams Compa." 1 p. Q". 
Printed: Toner, Washington's Journal, 1754, pp. 176-77. 

105 



106 CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 

1754. Lewis, Joshua. Copt., 1st Virginia regiment. [Will's Creek, Maryland.] 
July 9. Tal)ulated return of his company [to George Washington]. En- 

dorsed by Washington: "A general return of Captn. Lewis's Com- 
pany after ye Engagemt. Srd. of July" and "A Return of Captn. 
Lewis's Compy." 1 p. 8°. 
Printed: Toner, Washington's Journal, 1754, p. 176. 

[1754.] LiGwis, Andrew. Capt.,lst Virginia regiment. [Will's Creek, Maryland.] 

[July It.] Return of his company [to George Washington]. List of killed, 

wounded, missing etc. 56 names. Endorsed by Washington: "A 

partr. Return of Capt. Lewis's Coma." and in a different hand: "A 

particular one — " 1 p. F". 

Printed: Toner, Washington's Journal, 17.54, pp. 174-75. 

[1754.] Stobo, Robert. Capt., 1st Virginia regiment. [Will's Creek, Maryland.] A 
[.July 9.] return of his company [to George Washington]. List of killed, 

wounded, missing etc. 53 names. Endorsed by Washington: "A 
Return for Captn. Stobo' s Company." 1 p. Q". 
Printed: Toner, Washington's Journal, 1754, p. 170, 

1754. Hog, Peter. Capt., 1st Virginia regiment. [Will's Creek, Maryland.] 
July 9. Tabulated return of his company [to George Washington]. 

Signed: "Return per William Bronaugh". Endorsed by Wash- 
ington: "Return of Captn. Hogs Company" and "A Genl. One." 

Ip. 8». 
Printed: Toner, Washington's Journal, 17.54, p. 174. 

1754. Hog, Peter. Capt., 1st Virginia regiment. [Will's Creek, Maryland.] Re- 
July 9. turn of his company [to George Washington]. List of men fit 
for duty, wounded etc. Signed : ' ' Return per William Bronaugh ' ' . 
53 names. Endorsed by Washington : "A Parti' r. Return of Captn. 
Hogs Compy. ' ' and in a different hand : " A particular Return for 
Captn. Hogs Company." 1 p. F". 
Printed: Toner, Washington's Journal, 17.54, pp. 17'i-73. 

1754. Stobo, Robert. Capt., 1st Virginia regiment. [Will's Creek, Maryland.] 
July Vt. Tabular return of his company [to George Washington]. Signed: 

' ' Wiilm. Poison. ' ' Endorsed by Washington : ' ' Return of Captn. 
Stobos Compa." 1 p. 8". 
Printed: Toner, Washington's Journal, 1754, p. 172. 

l1754.] Virginia, [Colony.] Troops, 1st regiment. List of names of the men in 
the different companies who have received bount\' money from 
His Excellency [Lt. Gov. Robert Dinwiddle]. Capt. [Robert] 
Stobo's company, 37 names; Capt. [Peter] Hogg's [Hog's] com- 
pany, 52 names; Capt. [Joshua] Lewis' company, 42 names; Capt. 
[Jacob] Yanbraaham's [Vanbraam's] company, 44 names; Capt. 
[George] Mercer' s company, 39 names. Endorsed by Washington : 
"The Names of those Solders, in the Virginia Regimt. who have 
receiv'd the Coim try's Bounty Money pr. Order" ; (2) "A list of 

those Soldiers in Captn. Company who have received the 

Country's Bounty Money"; (3) "A List of those Soldiers 

who have receiv'd the Country's Bounty Money." 3 pp. Q". 
See: Toner, Washington's Journal, 17.54. pp. 200-205. 



CALENDAK OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 107 

1756. Virginia, Augusta County, ^lilitia. Council of officers. Augusta Court 
July 27. House, Virginia. Convened in response to Governor's [Lt. Gov. 

Robert Dinwiddle's] orders; agrees unanimously to build a chain 
of forts from Paterson's onward; gives mmiber of garrison for each 
fort and separating distance. Signed by all the members of the 
council. Contemporary copy endorsed by Washington: "From 
The jNIilitia Officers of Augusta Cty. Coi)y of a Council of War 
27th. July 1756" 3 pp. P'. 

Printed: Hamilton, Letters to Washington. 1, ;>().'). 

1757. Iioudoun, John Campbell, Earl. Commander in cidef, British Forces in 
Mar. 15. Americi. Philadelphia [Pennsylvania]. "Minutes taken at a 

meeting of the Governors of North Carolina, [Arthur Dobbs,] 
Virginia, [Robert Dinwiddle,] ^Maryland, [Horatio Sharpe,] and 
Pennsilvania, [William Denny,] with The Earl of Loudoun." 
Plans for defence of the Colonies; troops to be employed under 
Lt. Col. [Henry] Bouquet; division of expense between Crown 
and Colonies. Signed: Loudoun, Arthur Dobbs, William Denny, 
Robt. Dinwiddle, Horatio Sharp. Copy sent to George Wash- 
ington and endorsed by him: "Council held at Philadelphia — 
March 1757." 5 pp. Q". 
Printed: Hamilton, Letters to Washington 2, 51. 

1758. Fort Duquesne, Pennsylvania [Major James Grant's reconnoissance]. 
Sept. 14. Return to George Washington of officers and men of 1st Virginia 

regiment killed: Lieuts. John Campbell and James Baker; 
Ensigns John Allen, Thomas Gist and Coleby Chew; Major 
Andrew Lewis, prisoner; two noncommissioned officers and fifty- 
eight rank and file. 2 pp. F". 
Names given in index. 

1758. Forbes, John. Brig. ge)i., commandiiig His Majesty's troops in the southern 
Oct. 6. provinces of North America. Rays Town [now Bedford, Pennsyl- 

vania]. Order, "By virtue of the Power and Authority to me 
given and granted by his Excellency James Abercrombie Esq.", 
appointing George Washington president of a general court- 
martial to be belli at camp at Loyal Hanna, [Pennsylvania,] for 
the trial of mutineers and deserters. D. S. Seal. 1 p. F". 

17'J0. Carlyle, John. Merchant. Alexandria [Virginia]. Letter to [Col.] 

Jan. 8. George Washington, Mt. Vernon. Has tried the "Stilliards" 

[steelyards]; [John] Dalton sends "sum" butter; allowed Col. 

[Sir William] Fairfax half of his about a month ago; " Yr. Man 

brings the Wmburg papers". A. L. S. 1 p. 8°. 

1760. JolmstOTa., George': Attorney-at-Lawf [Alexandria, Virginia.] Letter to 
Jan. 8. [Col.] George Washington [Mt. Vernon, Virginia]. Is a fellow- 

sufferer with him; "This [John] Ballendine .... seems 
lately to have convinced you of his jirodigeous Al)ility in the Art 
of being aVillian"; "hath long ago given Demonstration in a 
thousand Instances to others (& amongst the Rest to me) of his 
Superior Talents in that Commendable Science"; [Johnston] 
punished him severely but without effect; will indict him on the 
supposition that he has been paid in full for two tons of iron; if such 
is not the case, would advise paying for what has been received 



108 CALENDAR OF AVASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 

1760. Johnston, George? — Continued. 
Jan. 8. and letting the matter drop; sends b}' messenger, deeds from 

[Sampson?] Darrell to [Washington] ; will gladly serve him in the 
future. A. L. S. 3 pp. Q". 

Irrelevant notes by Washington on verso. 

ITfiO. Grimett, Robert. Overseer of John Ballendine's iron foundry. [Occoquan? 

Jan. 23. Virginia.] Deposition: Was ordered by John Ballendine to sen»l 

a ton of bar iron to Col. [George] Washington by water on flat 

belonging to Messrs. Carlyle and Dalton; receipt given by Derby 

Pendergrass for a ton previously delivered; river frozen, so sent 

second ton by land; delivered it to wagoners without weighing. 

Oath to above statements taken by Robert Grimett before John 

Linton. 1 p. Q°. 

Enclosed in Ballendine, John, Letter to George Washington 1760, Nov. IS. 

[1760.] Ballendine, John. Owner of iron foundry at Occoquan Creek, Virginia. 
[Jan. 23?] [Occoquan.] Memorandvun to George Washington. Weight of 

iron sent [to Mount Vernon] ; "deficiet" and weights noted in 
Washington's handwriting. 

Account of tools loaned and returned by "Cook Jack", "Rich- , 
ard Stephings" [Stephens?] and "John Foster" 2 pp. Q°. 

1760. Ballendine, John. Owner of iron foundry at Occoquan Creek, Virginia. 
Jan. 24. [Occoquan.] Letter to George Washington, Mt. Vernon. Has 

had Robert Grimett' s deposition taken as to weight of the iron 
sent; intended no fraud; will supply the deficit in weight or remit 
balance due on the account; sends a boy before whom would like 
iron weighed if it has not already been done; has receipt for one 
ton from Derby Pendergrass; mistake occurred in the second ton. 
A. L. S. 1 p. F". 

1760. Stephens, Joseph. [Virginia.] Letter to George Washington [Mt.Ver- 
Nov. 15. non]. Has returned to Richard Stephens the £7 received on ac- 

count of John Ballendine; was informed by former that [Wash- 
ington] wished a personal settlement with Ballendine. A. L. S. 
1 p. 8°. 

1760. Ballendine, John. Owner of iron foundry at Occoquan Creek, Virginia. 
Nov. 18. [Occoquan.] Letter to George Washington [Mt. Vernon]. En- 

closes letter which he sent [Jan. 24th] and Robert Grimett' s depo- 
sition; was sure there was a mistake about the weight of the iron; 
did not weigh it, not having time; Joseph Stevens, having repaid 
the £7, difference in account could not be much; will send the 
iron lacking if so desired; begs pardon for anything that has hap- 
pened; his character has been hurt by the incident; will show by 
future conduct that suspicions were unfounded. 1 p. F". 
For deposition mentioned, see Grimett, Robert, Deposition 1760, Jan. 23. 

1763. Pearson, Simon. Virginia. Deed of sale to George Washington for 558 
Feb. 14. acres of land in Fairfax comity, Virginia, for £191 7s. Signed by- 

Simon Pearson. Witnessed by Robert Douglass, W [ ] Payne, 
Robert Johnston,' Edward Conner, William Ramsay, John Kirk- 
patrick, G[ ] Johnston, John Carlyle, John Copithorn, 

Joseph Watson, W[ ] Ellery, Benjamin Grayson, Daniel 

McCarty and H[ ] West. 



CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 109 

17H3. Pearson, Simon — Continued. 
Feb. 14. Receipt to Washinjjton for the above amount. 

Certitioate of proof of above indenture and receipt signed by 
"Ben. Waller, Clk. of Court." 
Contemporary Copy, "teste Wilson Allen, C. G. C." 4 pp. P\ 

1769. Bro-wn., James. [Annapolis? Maryland.] Account against John [Parke] 
.\ug. 2y. Custiss [Custis]. Account is for shoes, buckles, etc., amounting 

to £4 13s. On verso is Brown's receipt to [Rev. Jonathan] 
Boucher for £4 19s. in payment of above charge and for 10s. on 
latter's account, dated Fredericksburg, [Virginia,] Oct. 19, 1769. 
1 p. Q". 

[1770.] Boucher, Jonathan. Rector of St. Mary' >i Parish, Caroline county , Virginia. 
[Mar. ?] Caroline. Letter to "Colonel" George Washington, Fairfax, 

Virginia. Loss of fortune of Mrs. [Colin?] Campbell [Williams- 
burg] ; has bought slaves for her on own credit to amount of £370; 
[William?] Claiborne has promised to pay £50 of this and Roger 
Dixon £100; Boucher is accountable for balance; asks for a loan 
of the sum as he cannot raise it; suggests that estate of [John 
Parke] Custis can furnish it; will give mortgage on his negroes as 
security; if loan is granted it must be before April 1st; [ ] 
Addison will purchase a boy for [Boucher] ; wishes Washington 
to send him down. A. L. S. 3 pp. Q". 

1770. Frazier, Joshua. [Annapolis? Maryland.] Account against Rev. Jcjna- 
June 10- than Boucher. Account is for board from date to Dec. 15th. 
July 10. Account against John Parke Custis. Account is for board from 

date to Nov. 11th. On verso is written: "Mr. hindman Bord and 
Club 11:16 Mr Addorson Bord 2. 0. 0. To worke Dun 3. 0. 0." 
1 p. Q". 

1770. Johnson, Mary. [Annapolis? Maryland.] Account against [Rev. Jona- 
Sept. [30?] than] Boucher. Account is for washing clothes belonging to 

[John Parke] Custis; 15 shillings due on September account. 
1 p. Q". 

1771. Harwood & Brice. [Alexandria? Virginia.] Account against John 
May 8. Parke Custis. Account is for £1 expended for shoe buckles and 

gloves. 1 p. 7^ X 22 inches. 

[ 1771? ] Boucher, Jonathan. Rector of St. Mary'. s j/ari.sJi, ('arolive <'oimty, Virginia. 

[ Nov? ] [Caroline.] Letter to "Colonel" George Washington [Mt. Ver- 

non]. Joe [servant?] missed him on his way through his new 
parish; is busy moving; thanks Washington for his frankness 
regarding sending of [John Parke Custis] to him; will be candid 
in return; will always assist with advice; has renteil [ ] 

Magruder's house; boy [Joe?] detained by [ ] Johnson; (tov. 

[Robert] Eden [Maryland] and Boucher will visit [Washing- 
ton] Monday or Tuesday of next week. A. L. S. 2 pp. Q". 

1771. Pinkney, Robert. [Annapolis? Maryland. ] Account against John Parke 
[ Nov? ] Custis. Account is for £13 15s. lOd., for tailoring from Sept. 8, 

1770, to Nov. 15, 1771. 1 p. F°. 

1771. Campbell, Thomas & Co. Annapolis, Maryland. Account against John 
Dec. 16. Parke Custis. Account is for £8 8s. 4d., for clothing from Sept. 

25, 1770, to Nov. 11, 1770. Signed: Colin Campbell. 1 p. F°. 



110 CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 

1771. Jacques, Lancelot. [Alexandria? Virginia.] Account against John Parke 
Custig. Account is for £22 12s. 2d., for clothing etc. from Aug. 
13, to Nov. 19, 1771; Henry Gassaway's account for £6 7s. Id., is 
included. 1 p. F°. 

1771. Gassaway, Henry. [Virginia.] Account against [John Parke] Custis. 
Account is for £6 7s. Id. for feeding and pasturage of a bay horse 
during March 1771; requests that above amount be paid to Lan- 
celot Jacques. A. D. S. 1 p. Q°. 

1771. Gassaway, Henry. [Virginia.] Account against Rev. Jonathan Boucher. 

Account is for £2 6s. for forage for his own, [Joha Parke] Custis' s, 
Capt. [ ] Fox's, [ ] Stradler's and [ ] Addison's 

horses during March, September and October; requests that above 
amount be paid to Lancelot Jacques. A. D. S. 1 p. Q°. 

][1773.] Blair, John. Clerk of Provincial Assembly of Virginia. [Williamsburg? 
Virginia.] Letter to "Colonel" George Washington [Eltham, 
Virginia]. Encloses orders of the Council [of Virginia] of Thurs- 
day last; on Saturday [Patrick] Henry's motion regarding sur- 
veys of land on " the Western Waters " was carried; Dr. [Thomas] 
Walker, John Byrd and John May were appointed a committee to 
examine surveyors books and prevent fraud; enjoins silence con- 
cerning this. A. L. S. 1 p. Q°. 

1774. Virginia, [Colony.] Fairfax County. Alexandria. Letter to the rep- 
May 16. resentatives of Fairfax county [in Virginia Assembly: George 
Washington, Capt. John West and John West esq., Williams- 
burg,] concerning repeal of tax on rum; encloses petition of Fair- 
fax county; recommends license be issued dealers for £5 per 
annum; would more than equal present tax receipts; penalty for 
selling without a license; recommends raising ordinary licenses 
from 55s. to £5 and a tax of £5 annually on billiard tables; nine- 
tenths of rum consumed is imported from INIaryland and Penn- 
sylvania without paying duty. 2 pp. Q". 

See: Virginia, Fairfax County, Memoranda, 1774, May 16; and Ramsey, Wil- 
liam and others, Letter to George Washington and John West 1774 May 16. 

[1774?] Virginia, [Colony.] Fairfax County. [Alexandria.] Memoranda. 

[May 16?] Law of inspection of fish; requirements for barrels, size, hooping 

etc. ; requirements for inspection and packing of fish. 1 p. Q". 

See: Virginia, Fairfax County, Letter to representatives 1774, May 16; and 
Ramsey William and others. Letter to George Washington and John West 1774, 
May 16. 

1774. Ramsey, William; Adam, Robert and Carlyle & Dalton. Alexandria. 

May 16. Letter to George Washington, and John West, Williamsy)urg, Vir- 

ginia. Send three petitions respecting duty on rum, enlarging 
the town [Alexandria] and draining marsh and respecting "Her- 
ring fishery"; town is in a thriving condition; northern mer- 
chants and mechanics come to settle; duty on rum discourages 
them; want of houses and lots prevents their staying; incident 
cited; great encouragement to build but no land to be had; wishes 
Assembly to appropriate lands; are sorry for [ . ] Alexander 

and do not wish to take advantage of him; trustees have acted 
with candor towards the proprietors; Alexander received £700 



CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. Ill 

1774. Ramsey, William; Adam, Robert and Carlyle & Dalton — Continued. 
May 16. recently fur 18 or 20 acres; marsh lots should be drained; specifi- 

cations for herring packing recommended; line and forfeiture for 
non-com{)liance; culler of [barrel] staves and measurer should be 
apj>ointed; ]ietition also sent for suppressing the nuisance of hogs 
and geese being allowed to run wild. 4 pp. Q". 

See: Virginia, Fairfax County, Letter to representatives 1774, May 16; and Vir- 
ginia Fairfax County, Memoranda 1774, May 16. 

1774. Lysle, John. Alexandria [Virginia]. Letter to Capt. John West, Wil- 

May h>. liamsburg. Encloses Pearson Chainnan's petition to House of 

Burgesses; his brother, [George] Chaj)man, is injuring him daily; 
hojies Assembly will throw aside his mother's application; in 
accordance with West's pronuse to present to the House any 
pai)er asked, this petition is sent; in absence of Capt. West, begs 
favor of John West, esq. or George Washington to present 
enclosea petition. Endorsed: "From John Lysle to the Repre- 
sentatives of the County of Fairfax." A. L. S. 1 p. F°. 

1774. Chapman, Pearson, of Maryland. [Alexandria? Virginia.] Petition to 

JNIay 19. the Virginia House of Burgesses. Is heir api)arent to Constant 

Chapman, widow; she holds entail land near Alexandria; peti- 
tioner owns valuable adjoining tract; application is to be made to 
present Assembly to dock the entail of the above land to prevent 
descent to the petitioner and his three sons; design is to enrich a 
second son [George Chapman] ; petitioner has made said Chap- 
man presents of land frequently; latter is now rich; his mother 
is able to purchase land for him if she so desires; prays that no 
act be passed injurious to the petitioner or his family. A. I). S. 

1 ],. F". 

1774. Herbert, William. Alexandria [Virginia]. Letter to " Colonel " George 
Aug. 30. Washington, Mt. Vernon. Sends as promised, information respect- 

ing wheat and flour that came to this market [Alexandria] from 
Sejjt. 1, 1773 to date; amount is 27,325 })arrels of tlour and 140,000 
bushels of wheat; two or three have not given in quantities which 
will probably bring wheat up to 150,000 bushels. A. L. S. 1 p. 

Q". 

1774. Harrison, Benjamin; Randolph, Peyton and Bland, Richard. Delegates 

Oct. 24. from Virginia to the Firfit Continental (hngret^K. Philadelphia. 

Authorization to George Washington to sign their names to any 

of the ])roceedings of the Congress. In handwriting of Harrison? 

D. 8. 1 p. Q".~ 

1774. Mercer, George and others. Virginia. Deed of sale to George AVashing- 
Dec. 12. ton. Sale of 1168 acres of land on Four Mile Run, Fairfax county, 

Virginia, for £900. Signed by George Mercer, James Mercer, 
Jolm Henry Cazenove and Elias Lindo. Witnessed by William 
Porter, John (Jlassell, Lachlan Campl)ell, Christo})her Yates, John 
Meals, George Mitchell, Henry IMitchell, Alexander Keith, Alex- 
ander Dromgool and Thomas Mounttield. Endorsed as proved, 
before a General Court, April 15, 1775, by " Ben. Waller, CI: Cur" 

2 pp. F". 

[1775.] Fort George, New York, Military stores. List of cannon, muskets, 
[June] powder etc. Endorsed by Washington: " Stores at Fort George" 

Ip. Q". 



112 CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCKIPTS. 

1775. Dodg-e, Richard. Capt., col. Samuel Gerrish's Massachusetts regiment. 

July 14. Chelsea [Massachusetts]. A return of stock taken off Pullet and 

Shirley Points. "80 Horncreuters " [cattle], 883 sheep. On 

verso is written: "Daniel Segeney 3 cowes 1 year old. John 

Backer 2 cowes two year old " . A. D. S. 1 p. Q". 

1775. Davis, Joshua. Capt. and agent for fitting out whale boats? Cambridge. 
July 22. Estimate submitted to Gen. George Washington. "Pursuant to 

your Excellency's orders" account rendered of necessaries for 
fitting out 100 whale boats; crews needed; ammunition and sup- 
plies. D. S. Endorsed by Washington: "22d. July 1775". 
1 p. F". 

1775. "Nancy". British store ship, Robert Hunter, master. [London?] Invoice 
July 26. of stores captured by Capt. [John] Manley. John Wilkinson, 

contractor, shipped stores to John Grant, on order of Col. [Samuel] 
Cleveland. Signed: B. Blight "For Mr. Durnford" Added in 
Moylan's handwriting: "Appraised by Hertry Bromfield Esq., & 
Wm. Davis 12 Augt. 177B to £20530: 18: 2 LI. My." [lawful 
money.] 7 pp. Q". 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 3, 1721, Seealso: Harrison, Robert Han- 
son, Invoice of stores on British ship Nancy 177.5, Nov. ;W. 

1775. Connecticut, [Colony.] Troops, 2d regiment. [Roxbury, Masaachu- 
[ July 26?] setts. ] Remonstrance of officers of regiment to Brig. Gen. Joseph 

Spencer. Protest against appointment of Ebenezer Huntington 
as lieutenant in Capt. [John] Chester's company, vice Lt. [Samuel 
Blatchey] Webb, appointed Aid-de-camp to [Maj.] Gen. [Israel] 
Putnam; such appointment not in accord with precedent; would 
dampen enthusiasm and kill ambition of officers; no objection to 
Huntington but only to mode of appointment. Copy attested 
"Solomon Willis Chairman " ; remonstrance addressed and for- 
warded by Spencer: "To his Excellency General Washington, 
New York." 25 signatures. 2 pp. F°. 
Names given in index. 

1775. Davis, Joshua. Capt. and agent for fitting out vihale boatsf Cambridge. 

July 27. Return of boats "for the Coloneys Servis" ; number, kinds etc.; 

submitted to "his Exelency Genrl. Washenton". A. D. S. 

Endorsed by Washington: " Captn. Joshua Davis's return of the 

Boats". 1 p. F^ 

1775. "Hope" British store ship from Cork, George Curwin, master. List of goods 
Aug. 13. on. 

Aug. 17. Philadelphia. Account of goods belonging to Major [Chris- 

topher] French, Ensign [John] Rotten and Cadet [William] 
McDermott. 1 p. F". 

Enclosed in Pennsj'lvania, Committee of Safety, Letter to George Washing- 
ton 1775, Aug. 17. See: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Sep., 3, 499-500. 

1775. Pennsylvania, [Province.] Committee of Safety. Philadelphia. Let- 
Aug. 17. ter [to Gen. George Washington, Cambridge]. Capt. [William] 

Bradford and 30 men, by order of the Committee, seized a ship 
[Hope, George Curwin, master,] at Gloucester [New Jersey,] 
from Cork, [Ireland,] with clothing for the ministerial army at 
Boston; three ministerial officers on board; these officers — 
Major [Christopher] French, [Ensign John Rotten and Cadet 



CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 113 

1775. Pennsylvania, [Province.] — Continued. 
Aug. 17. William McDermott] — are coming to camp [Cambridge] on 

parole under escort of Captains [Richard] Willing and [John] 
Wharton; encloses certificates given French at his request and 
invoice of the goods captured; has sent ])()\vdcr to [3Taj.] Gen. 
[Phihp] Schuyler. L. S. "By Order 1'.. Franklin, I'resdt". 
2 pp. F". 

I'rintoii: Fiircc, Ainer. Arch.-lth. St'r.,3, 1-IS. 

1775. Babcock, .Tames. Lt. ail., 1st lUuxh' hlmid regimnd. Prospect Hill 
Aug. 22. [Charle.stown, 31assachusetts]. Petition to Gen. [George] Wash- 

ington [Cambridge]. Asks for discharge from service on account 
of ill health. 1 p. Q". 

1775. Parke, .Tnlm. /./., 1x1 Rhode hland regiment. Prospect Hill [Charles- 
Aug. 22. tiiwn, Massachusetts]. Petition to [Gen.] George Washington, 

Camljridge. Asks for discharge from the Army; necessity of pro- 
viding for his sister-in-law, whose husband was slain at liattle of 
Charlestowii, [Hunker Hill,] and for an aged father. ! p. (J". 

1775. Randall, John. Cupt., 1st Rhode Mand regiment. Prospect Hill [Charles- 
Aug. 22. town, Massachusetts]. Petition to [Gen.] George Washington, 

Cambridge. Asks for discharge from the Army on account of ill 
health. 1 p. Q°. 

1775. Angel, Abiathari. Capf., col. Darld Brewer' n MuxHaclutseits regiment. Rox- 
f?ept. 2. bury [Massachusetts]. Petition to Gen. [George] Washington 

[Cambridge]. Offers resignation; raised and marched his com- 
pany to the front at great expense at beginning of campaign; is in 
poor health and misunderstandings have arisen between himself 
and men; begs to resign in favor of Cajjt. Henry Work; rec[uests 
that his jjay be made good until time of his resignation. A. D. S. 
1 p. F". 

[1775.] Perry, David, .yd Lieut., Sth company, 3d Conneetlrvt regiment. [Cam- 

[Sei)t. (3?] bridge.] Petition to Gen. George Washington [Cambridge]. 

Asks for discharge from the Army; his wife has been injured by 

falling from a horse and his children have no one to j)rovide for 

them. A. I). S. 1 p. Q". 

1775. Bowen, Levi. Kitmgn, eupt. Joncdhan Duiifurth' a compaiiij, col. iJarid 
Sept. 7. Breieer's Massachusetts regiment. Roxbury [Massachusetts]. Peti- 

tion to [Gen.] George Washington [Cambridge]. Asks for dis- 
charge from the Army; absented himself witlunit leave, to \isit 
his family who were sick and in distress; health has been injured 
by the service; is at present under arrest; wishes pay for his time 
in service, release from arrest and discharge from the Army. H. S. 
1 p. F°. 

1775. Sullivan, John, llrig.gen. (ynitinentcdnrmg. Winter Hill [Charlestown, 
Sept. 9. Massachu.setts]. Proceedings of a court of incjuiry. Court held 

in Sullivan's brigade to investigate complaints against the Director 
General of the Hospital [John Morgan] by the regimental sur- 
geons; court composed of: Colonels [James] Reed, [John] Nixon, 
[John] Stark, [Enoch] Poor, [p:phraini] D.Hilittle and [Israel] 
Hutchinson; from evidence it appears that the Director General 

19108—01 8 



114 CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 

1775. Sullivan, John — Continued. 
Sept. 9. has auqiiitted himself of tlie fharge with honor; shifting channel 

of supplies from Commissary to Director General being improperly 
attended to is the cause of the misunderstanding; no Ijlame 
attached to surgeons; Director General has no complaint as to 
heavy expenses incurred by regimental hospitals except in case of 
Dr. [Enoch] Dole of Col. Doolittle's regiment; evidence in his 
case falls short of proving charge, therefore he stands acquitted. 
D. S. "by order of The Court of Inquiry Jno Sullivan Presi- 
dent." 1 p. F". 

1775. Foster, Gideon. Capt., col. John Mansfield's Massachusetts regiineid. 
Sept. 11. [Camp near Boston.] Petition to [Gen.] George Washington 

[Cambridge]. Offers his resignation; is in poor health and illness 
is increasing; his estate is suffering for want of management; 
recommends Cajot. John Baker as his successor. L. S. "Gideon 
Foster [and] Israel Hutchinson, Left. Colo." 1 p. F'^ 

1775. Baker, John. CUpt., aA. Loauinil Baldinn's Massachusetts rexfiment. Cam- 
Sept. 14. bridge. Petition to [Cjen.] George Washington [Cambridge]. 
Asks for discharge from the Army; difficulty has arisen between 
him and Joseph Pettigell as to who shall command the 10th 
company in 38th Massachusetts regiment; agreed to leave the 
trouble to the officers of the regiment; their decision in favor of 
Pettigell, therefore prays a discharge. D. S. 1 p. Q". 

[1775.] Lang-don, [Samuel.] President of Harvard College. [Cambridge.] Let- 
Sept. 18. ter to Gen. [George] Washington [Cambridge]. Certifies that 
Samuel Woodward, Sergeant in late Col. [Thomas] Gardner's 
[Mas.sachusetts] regiment and in Capt. [Nathan] Fuller's com- 
pany is a Harvard student in his last year; has begged [Lang- 
don's] intercession for obtaining a discharge from the Army. 
A. L. Signed in body of document. 1 p. Q". 
Printed: Harvard Graduates Mag. 11, 310. 

1775. Xiang-don, [Samuel.] President of Harvard College. [Cambridge.] Let- 
Sept. 18. ter to Gen. [George] Washington [Cambridge]. Certifies that 
John Child, Ensign in Capt. [Abner] Crafts' company, late Col. 
[Thomas] Gardner's [Massachusetts] regiment, is a Harvard stu- 
dent in his last year; desires to complete his course. A. L. 
Signed in body of document. 1 p. Q". 
Printed: Harvard Graduates Mag. 11, 310. 

1775. Maynard, Nathaniel. Lieut., capt. TItaddeus RusseWs compann, col. Jon- 
Sept. 18. atJian Brewer's Massachusett.'i regiment. Prosjject Hill [Charles- 

town, Massachusetts]. Petition to Gen. [George] Washington 
[Cambridge]. Asks for discharge from the Army; entered the 
.service to great detriment of his private interests; his aged father 
unable to care for his family; many gentlemen better qualified 
stand ready to take Ms place; begs to resign his commission for 
above reasons. D. S. Endorsed: "the with in instrument I con- 
sent to J. Brewer Coll." 1 p. Q". 

1775. French, Christopher. Major, BritisJi army. Hartford [Connecticut]. 

Sei)t. 18. Letter [to Gen. George Washington, Cambridge]. 3Iembers of 

the Committee, Messrs. [Thomas] Seymour and [Benjamin] 

Pain [Payne] seemed satisfied with their parole to the United 



CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 115 

1775. French, C'hristO])her — Continued. 
Sept. IS. Provinces; have now requested that they do not wear their 

swords as "the lower class of Townspeople took umbrage at our 
wearing them " ; (juestions the authority of the Committee that 
has decided against them; appeals [to Washington] for a decision 
in their favor; Committees "may continue to exact new Sub- 
missions from us 'till they put us in Goal for noncompliance". 
A. D. S. Endorsed by Joseph Reed: "Major French, Sept. 18, 
1775". 2 pp. F". 

1775. Massachusetts, [Colony.] Marblchead, Inhabitants. Letter [to Gen. 
Sejit. 21. (ieorge Washington, Cambridge]. Dangers of attack by the 

British; have raised money to fortify the harbor; pray that 
[ ] Burbank be allowed to come and direct the work; con- 
gratulations on ^^'asllington's appointment [as Commander in 
Chief]. 1 p. F". 

1775. Black, John. (.hjA., col. Jiiiuithiiii Breiver^? jS[(ii<m.clMseU» regiment. Pros- 
Sept. 22. pect Hill [Charlestown, Massachusetts]. Petition to Gen. 
[George] Washington [Cambridge]. Asks for discharge from 
the Army; has been in service since April 19th [1775]; has a bad 
pain in his side; doctor says it will be made worse by continuing 
in service; lives a distance from camp; does not know when he 
will be fit for duty so can not ask for leave; begs to resign his 
commission. D. S. Approved by "J. Brewer Coll". 1 p. F". 

1775. Dodg-e, liichard. Cap/., col. Samuel Gerrish^s MassacJnisetts regiment. 

Sept. 23. Chelsea [Massachusetts]. Letter to Gen. [George] Washington 

[Cambridge]. Has nothing remarkable to "Wright"; has 

included the "minutes that Mr. Leach touck Down " ; wishes to 

know if he is to make a report each day. A. L. S. 1 j). Q". 

1775. Harris, Joseph. Ensign, capt. James Williams' compami, lltli. Continental 

Sept. 28. infantry. Cambridge. Petition to Gen. [George] Washington 

[Cambridge]. Asks for discharge from the Army; is now ill and 

has been so since entering the service; has no prospect of being 

able to do a "Tower" of duty. A. D. S. 1 j). 8". 

1775. Southworth, Jedidiah. Lieut., col. Joseph Bead's Massachusetts regiment. 
Sept. 29. Roxbury Camp [Massachusetts]. Petition to Gen. George Wash- 

ington [Cambridge] . Has been in the service since April 19th last; 
health is poor; is unfit for service and desires discharge. D. S. 
" Jedh. Southworth Joseph Read" 1 p. Y". 

1775. Massachusetts, [Colony.] Springfield, Committee of Correspondence. 
Oct. 2. Letter to Gen. George Washington [Cambridge]. The Commit- 

tee forwards to Washington a "Coppy of a letter sent to Wm. 
Pynchon Junr."; letter requests [Pynchon] to obtain if possible 
the discharge of Robert Henderson, James Smith and George 
Hunter; they are prisoners, taken by ]\Iajor [Benjamin] Tupper; 
their conduct has been good; no emi)loyment can be found for 
them and the prisoners wish the Committee to secure their 
release. L. S. "James Sikes, IMoses Field, Thos. Stel)bins, 
Reuben Bliss Conmiittee of Correspondence for s'd Town". 
2 pp. Qo. 



116 CALENDAE OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 

1775. Markh.am., Barzillai. Ensign 8th Connecticut regiment. Roxbury Camp 
Oct. o. [^lassachusetts]. Petition to Gen. [George] Washington [Cam- 

bridge]. Asks for discharge from the service because of illness. 
D.S. 

Waldo, John. Surgeonprotem. of Continental hospital. Koxbury. Cer- 
tificate of ill health of Ensign Barzillai Markham; is still unwell 
and cannot endure the hardship of present campaign; recom- 
mends discharge of Markham from the service. Addressed "to 
Col. Jedh. Huntington Esqr." A. D. S. 

Huntington, Jedidiah. Col., 8th Connectiait regiment. Roxbury.. 
"Pray the above mentioned may be discharged." A. D. S. 
■2 pp. Q°. 

1775. Terrill, Thomas. Lieut., capt. JoJin Ripley's company, 8th Connecticut 

Oct. 7. regiment. Roxbury Camp [Massachusetts]. Petition to Gen. 

[George] Washington [Cambridge] . Asks for discharge from the 

service because of illness. D. S. Approved by "Jed Huntington 

Colonel". 1 p. Q". 

1775. Hitchcock, Daniel. Col., Rhode Island regim,ent. Prospect Hill [Chanes- 
Oct. 7. town, Massachusetts]. Recommendation [to Gen. George Wash- 

ington, Cambridge]. Asks for the discharge of Vv'illiam Vinson. 
A. D.S. 1 p. Q". 

1775. Continental Army. Council of war. "Headquarters," [Cambridge.] 
Oct. 8. To consider the increase and support of the army; ten questions 

propounded by Washington to his officers on Oct. 5th, with their 
answers; members of council: Gen. Washington, Maj. Genls. 
[Jonathan] Ward, [Charles] Lee, [Israel] Putnam; Brig. Genls. 
[John] Thomas, [Joseph] Spencer, [William] Heath, [John] 
Sullivan, [Nathanael] Greene, [Horatio] Gates. 4 pp. F°. 

Printed: Force, Amer. Arch, -Ith. Ser., 3, 1039. Summary in Ford, Writings- 
of Washington, 3, 361. Sparks, Writings of Washington, 3, 123. 

1775. Hitchcock, Daniel. Col., Rhode Island regiment. Prospect Hill [Charles- 
Oct. 9. town, Massachusetts]. Recommendation [to Gen. George Wash- 
ington, Cambridge]. Asks for the discharge of William Vinson. 
A. D. S. 1 p. Q". 

1775. Sawyer, Ezekiel, and others. Privates in Capt. Thomas MighilVs company,. 
Oct. 9. col. Samuel Gerrish's Massachusetts regiment. [Boston.] Petition 

to Gen. [George] Washington [Cambridge] . Officers of company 
are Capt. Mighill, 1st Lt. [Henry?] Nelson, 2d Lt. [Mark] Cresy, 
1st Sergt. Amos Bayley, 2d Sergt. [Thomas] Pike; Nelson refused 
to remain in camp; Pike appointed to his place, though from a 
different parish; promised that if Capt. were removed the first 
parish should have the vacancy; prays that if Capt. [Mighill] be 
promoted Cresy be made Capt. , Pike retain his place and ' ' Bailey ' ' 
be made 2d Lieut. 33 signatures. 1 p. F°. 
Xames given in index. 

1775. Stoughton, Samuel jr. Ensign, 8th Connecticut regiment. Windsor, Con- 

Oct.9-16. necticut. Petition to [Gen.] George Washington [Cambridge]. 

Asks for discharge from the Army; his furlough from [Maj.] Gen. 

[Artemas] Ward has expired; his family is ill; a great deal of sick- 



CALENDAK OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 117 

1775. Stoug-liton, Samuel jr. — Continued. 
'0('t.9-lt). nc8s known as camp disorder is around and jiroving fatal; he him- 

self is unwell and will probably not be tit for duty this campaign; 
))egs the ajipointment <if some one in his place. D. S. Approved: 
"Jed. Huntington Col". 2 pp. Q". 

177o. March, .Tolm. J'Jiisi(jn, rapt. William Hiitcliin's company, Sd New Hamp- 
Oct. 10. .s7//«' irjiment. Petition to Gen. [George] Washington [Cam- 

bridge] . Asks for discharge from the Army ; constitution is weak. 
I). S. Approved: "Wm. Hutchins, Capt" and "Israel Gilman, 
Lt. Col". 1 p. Q". 

1775. Thoma,s. .lolui. Brig. gen. Continental army . Koxbury [Massachusetts]. 

Oct. 11. better [to (Jen. George Washington, Cambridge]. Thinks three 

sulmlterns could be spared from the Army; has selected [Lt.] King 

Lapham, Joshua Baisto, and Lt. [Joseph] Cole [jr.]; has directed 

tliem to wait upon His Excellency. A. L. S. 1 p. Q". 

1775. Thomas, John. Brig, gen., Continental army. Roxlairy [^Massachusetts]. 

Oc!. lo. Letter [to Gen. George Washington, Cambridge]. Capt. [Joshua?] 

Benson of Col. [Theophilus] Cotton's [Massachusetts] regiment 

solicits a discharge; will be no detriment to the Army to grant 

same. A. L. S. 1 p. Q". 

1775. Bundy, Peter. Private, capt. Malcolm Henry^ s company , col. David Brrvrr' s 
'Oct. bS. Massaclmsetts regiment. Westfield, Massachusetts. Petition to 

Gen. George AVashington [Cambridge]. Father has died; fam- 
ily consisting of mother and eight brothers aiad sisters have no 
one to look after them or tend the farm; hired lal)or cannot be 
had; therefore prays a discharge from the Army. T). S. | 

Oct. 14. Massachusetts, Westfield, Selectmen. Attestation to truth of state- 
ment in above petition. D. S. : "John Mosely, Daniel Fowler, 
AVm. Shyrard, Elisha Parks." Approved: " Rufus Putnam Lt. 
Col." 2 pp. F". 

1775. Sullivan, John. Brig. gen. Continental army. Winter Hill [Charles- 
Oct. 14. town, Massachusetts]. List of men in brigade reconunended for 
discharge; company and regiment to whidi invalids belong; 59 
names. D. S. 1 ]>. F". 

Names given in index. Letter accompanying this list priTitccl: Force, Amer. 
Arch. 4th. Ser., :',. 1()(;7. 

1775. Church, Thomas. Col. 3d Rhode Island regiment. Prospect Hill [Charles- 
Oct. 14. town, Massachusetts]. Letter to Gen. [George] Washington 
[Cambridge]. Endorses application for discharge of Capt. Wil- 
liam Cooke; his Ijodily indisposition is such that performance of 
duty is painful. A. L. S. 1 p. Q". 

[1775.] Bowen, Ephraim jr. Cajd. and agent for fitting ont armed vessels. Ply- 
Oct. 15-Nov. 18. mouth [Massachusetts]. Journal kept while at Plymouth fit- 
ting out an armed vessel according to [Gen. George Washington's] 
instructions; daily notes of his actions from Oct. 15th to Nov. 18th. 
A. 1). 4]>]>. V". 

Printed: Force. Ainer. .\rch. 4tli Ser., :i, 105G. 



118 CALENDAR OF WASHINGTOX MANUSCRIPTS. 

177.T. "White, Nehemiah. Lf., cul. Jonepli Read's Massachusetts regiment. [Rdx- 
[Oct. 20.] bury, Massachusetts.] Petition to Gen. George Washington 

[Cambridge]. Asks for discharge from the Army; has been in 
the service since beginning of the present campaign; bad health 
has prevented him doing duty since June last. D. S. Approved: 
" Ebenr. Clap, Lt. Colo." 1 p. F°. 

1775. Thomas, John. Brig, gen., Continerdal army. Roxbury [Massachusetts]. 

Oct. 23. Letter [to Gen. George "Washington]. Regrets troubling His 

Excellencv so often; forwards application for aischarge of Lt. 

[George] Blake of Col. John Fellows's regiment; he will })e no 

loss to the Army. A. L. S. Ip. 8°. 

1775. Thompson, William. Col. 3d Pennsylvania rifle regiment. Prospect Hill 
Oct. 23. [Charlestown, Massachusetts]. Return [to Gen. George Wash- 

ington, Cambridge]. Deserters from the 2d regiment since their 
arrival at Cambridge; 13 names. Endorsed by Washington: 
"Colo. Thompson's return of Deserters." 1 p. F°. 
Names given in index. 

1775. Homans, John. Surgeon, col. Benjamin Ruggles Woodhridge's MassacJiu- 
Oct. 23. setts regiment. Camp near Prospect Hill [Charlestown, Massa- 

chusetts]. Certificate to Col. Woodbridge of illness of Sergt. 
Ebenezer Keeler. A. D. S. Approved: "R. Woodbridge Col." 
2 pp. Q». 

1775. Eittredg-e, Thomas. Surge(ni, col. James Frye's Massachusetts regiment. 
Oct. 23. [Camp near Boston.] Certificate that Peter Webster, private in 

Frye's regiment has "a Hemorage" from his lungs; is not fit for 
duty. A. D. S. 
Brickett, James. Lt. col. of col. Frye's regiment. Discharge of Peter 
Webster from the .service of the L'nited Colonies. A. D. S. 2 pp. 
Q". 

[1775.] Langdon, [Samuel.] President of Harvard College [Ca.mhr'nA^^']. Letter 
Oct. 28. to Gen. [George] Washington [Cambridge]. Certifies that 

Edmund Foster, Sergt. in Capt. [Oliver] Pond's company, Col. 
Joseph Read's Massachusetts regiment, is a candidate for admis- 
sion into Harvard; Foster wishes to be discharged "that he may 
renew his acquaintance with the Classics" ; his age pleads for him. 
A. L. Signed in body of document. Endorsed by Stephen 
Moylr.n: " J , meliora sequere fata" . 1 p. Q°. 
Printed: Harvard Graduates Mag. 9, 311. 

1775. Boston Harbor, British ships in. Cambridge. Anonymous letter to 
Oct. 28. [Britannicus?] Watertown [Massachusetts]. Gen. [George] 

Washington desired the author to reduce to writing anything he 
knew about the [British] Navy at Boston; begs that he be shown 
enclosed memorandum; sends plan for attacking the ship Preston; 
must go immediately to Newbury Port; will return in a few days 
and see [Britannicus?] in person. 1 p. F". 
See the two entries following. 

[1775.] "Preston." British flag-ship in Boston liarbor. [Cambridge.] Sngges- 
[Oct. 28.] tions regarding the seizure of. Number of guns; size and condi- 

tion of crew; number and disposition of night watch; men 
necessary to capture the ship; plan of action proposed. 2 pp. F°» 
Enclosed in the preceding document. 



CALENDAR OK WASEITNGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 119 

[1775.] Boston Harbor, Ilritih^h i-tiips in. [Cambridge.] Names, rates and 
Oct. 28. .-ituution nt the [British] ships in Boston IIarl)()r: Boi/nc, Prcxioii, 

Srarborouijh, and Mercuj-ij. 1 p. F". 

Enc'ldsed in Bostdii HurVKir, Britisli shijisin. AiKinyincius letter ITT.'i, Oct.'JS. 

1775. Reed, .Idscph. Li. cnl. mi'l inUitnrii sicriinrii l(i]V<txliiiujti>ii. [('innl)ri(lijct'.] 

Oi-t. 29. List of armed vessels at Salem, ^hul)lehead and Plymonth; their 

captains, condition, number of jiuns; agents at various ])()rts; 

recommends [Stephen] Moylan as proper person to ovei-see tlu' 

titting out of the vessels named. A. I). S. 4 pp. F". 

Printed: Force, Ainer. .\reh. 4tli. Ser., o, Vlhl. 

1775. Hastings, Elipheiet. Ensign, col. Jonathan Brewer's yfassacliu setts regi- 
Oct. 29. inent. Cambridge. Petition to Gen. [Ceorge] Washington [Cam- 

bridge]. Asks for discharge from the Army; state of his family 
owing to sickness and death compel him to make this request. ( )n 
verso: " The Within is By my Consent J P.rewer Coll." A. 1). S. 
2 pp. Q". 

177o. Storrs, Experience. Lt. vol., 3d Connecticut reghnent. Cambridge. 

Oct. :!t). Letter to Gen. [George] Washington [Cambridge]. Requests 

the discharge from the Army of Ensign [Isaac] Farewell; has done 

his duty; at present is incapacitated by rheumatism. A. L. S. 

1 p. 0°. 

177n. Gates, Benjamin. Lieut., capt. .John Black' s companij , col. Jmathan Breir- 
Oct. :!1. er's Ma.^sfichu.setls regiment. Prospect Hill [Charlestown, Massa- 

chusetts]. Petition to Gen. [George] Washington [Cambridge]. 
Asks for discharge from the Army; entered the service suddenly; 
circumstances of his family require that he should beg leave to 
resign. A. I). S. On verso: "The Within is By my Consent J 
Brewer Coll." 2 pp Q". 

[1775.] Cocliran, William. Lieut., col. Paul Dudley Sargent's Massachuscils regi- 

[Oct.] uuiit. [Cambridge.] Petition to Gen. George Washington 

[Cambridge]. Asks for discharge from the Army; health has 

given away and he is unable to perform his duty. Api)roved: 

"Paul Dudley Sargent." 1 p F". 

[1775.] [Sullivan, John.] Brig, gen., Continental arnnj. [Winter Hill, Charlcs- 
[Oct?] town, Massachusetts.] Memorandum sent to (Jen. (Jeorgt- Wash- 

ington [Cambridge]. Following otlicers of Sullivan's brigade 
have requested permission to Tcsign: Ensign Sanuiel Dearliorn, 
Lt. Jacob Webster and Ensign Abraham Sanborn. .\. D. 1 p. 

Q". 

[1775.] Hitchcock, Daniel. Col., 2d lihode Island regiment. I'rospei't Hill 
[Oct?] [Charlestown, Massachusetts]. Letter to CTen. [George] ^^'ash- 

ington [Cambridge]. Lieut. [David] Richmond of Capt. [John] 
Field's company has permission to resign if agreeable to His Excel- 
lency. 1 p. C^". 

1775. Craft, Benjamin. IJ., rajit. Benjamin KimbcdV s company, Ifttli Mnxxaehu- 
Nov. 10. setts regiment. Winter Hill [Charlestown, Massachusetts]. Peti- 

tion to [Cien.] (ieorge Washington [Cambridge]. Asks for dis- 
charge from the Army; family live in a seaport town and there- 
fore are in danger from the enemy; was assm-ed no ditliculty 



120 CALENDAE OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 

1775. Craft, Benjamin — Continued. 
Nov. lU. would attend procuring hiy dif^charge; has agreed to make and 

turn into the army 100 pairs of shoes monthly; has laid in a .stock 
for that purpose; suggests that his Ijeing detained will be preju- 
dicial. "Discharged 11 Nov. 1775". D. S. 1 p. F". 

1775. Storrs, Elienezer. Lt. col., 3d Connecticut regiment. Cambridge. Letter 
Nov. 11. to [Gen.] George Washington, Cambridge. On request of Ensign 

[Caleb] Stanley, encloses surgeon's certificate of his condition; 
seems useless to hold officers "that havt astomake"; the com- 
pany he leaves has Init one officer fit for duty; more care should 
be given it. A. L. S. Endorsed: " Calel) Stanley Ensign in 
Putnams Co. Storrs Reg't dischd. 12 Nov. 1775". 1 p. Q'\ 

See: Spalding, John, Cerrifieate 1775, Nov. 11. Foster, Isaac, Certiticate 1775, 
Nov. 12. 

1775. Spalding, John. Surgeon, 3d Cunnecticid regiment. Cambridge. Cer- 

Nt)V. 11. tificate to Col. Experience Stores [Storrs]. Physical condition 

of Ensign Caleb Stanley; has been ill a long time with a i>ain 

in his 1)reast; thinks best to have him discharged. A. D. S. 1 p. 

Enclosed in Storrs, Ebenezer, Letter to George Washington 1775, Nov. 11. 

1775. Foster, Isaac. Surgeon and director of Continentul hoi^pifal. [Cambridge.] 
Nov. ll'. Certificate of illness of Ensign Caleb Stanley; is unfit for duty 

and "like to remain so during this Campaign". Printed form, 
filled out and signed. 1 p. 12°. 
Enclosed in Storrs, Ebenezer, Letter to (ieorge Washington 1775, Nov. 11. 

1775. Thompson, William. CoL, 2d Pennsylvania rifle regiment. [Camp near 
Nov. LS. P)Oston.] Letter to [Gen. George] AVashington [Cambridge]. 

Requests di.scharge of Lieut. [Henry] Cromer [Crone] ; has l)een 
a good officer but believes his health will not permit him to do 
his duty this winter; rest of his officers are in good health; hopes 
this is the last request of this nature he will have to make. 
A. L. S. 1 p. Q°. 

[1775.] [Putnam, Rufus.] IJ. col., col. David Jhewer's Ma.'<.'<achusetts regiment. 
[Nov. 14.] [Camp near Boston.] Table of distances from Gridley's Point, 

Cobble Hill etc. to Boston and other places in miles, perches, rods 
and yards. A. D. Endorsed by AVashington: '"Col. Putnam's 
distances from Leachmeres Point to Bunkers Hill, Boston ec. 
Uth. Nov. 1775." 1 p. Q'\ 

[1775.] [Putnam, Rufus.] Lt. col., col. David Breiver','^ M'i>(.'<achusetts regiment. 
Nov. 1(>. [Camp near Boston.] Table of distances from Leachmores Barn 

" by observation " and from Coblile Hill in rods, furlong.s and 
"pearches". A. D. 1 p. Q". 

1775. Britannicus American informant. [Watertown, ^Massachusetts. ] Letter 
Nov. 18. to Gen. George Washington [Roxbury, Massachusetts]. Pro- 

poses capture of the man-of-war Preston; encloses papers 
received; probably came from [ ] Hitchborn; Preston 

could not be carried off, though easily captured; her jwwder 
and shot might be secured by a sufficient number of whale-boats 
and the ship then burned; suggests that H — s plan be applied 
to the Bogne; she is rigged and lies off Spectacle Island [Boston 



CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS, 121 

1775. Britannicus AnwruxDi. biformuvt — Continued. 
jS^ov. 18. harl)or]; if fjecured she would do good service in taking Castle 

[William] in its present dismembered condition; anus and 
annnunition probaljly there. 2 pp. F°. 
See: Boston Harl)or, British ships in, Aiiiiiiyinnns letter 1775, Oft. 28. 

1775. Heath, AVilliam. Brig, gen., Continental army. [Boston.] Tal)ulated 
Nov. 25. ivturn [to Gen. George Washington, Cambridge]. State of arms 

and annnunition in the several regiments of Heath's brigade; regi- 
ments commanded by Cols. [William] Prescott, [John] Paterson, 
[James] Scammon, [Edmund] Phinney, [John] Greaton and 
[Lt.] Col. Loannni Baldwin; account of supplies in magazine at 
No. 1. 1 p. sni. (i". 

1775. Sullivan, John. Brig, gen., Continental army. Winter Hill [Charles- 
Nov. 29. town, INIassachusetts]. Letter to Gen. [George] Washington 

[Cambridge] . The bearer, Ensign Zebulon Drew has for a long 
time been troubled with a disorder; is unfit for duty and will 
2>roba]3ly remain so during this campaign; recommends his dis- 
charge. A. L. S. 1 p. Q". 

1775. Homans, John. Sin'geon, 2d Continental infantry. " Camp near Prospect 
Nov. 30. Hill" [Charlestown, Massachusetts]. Certificate [to Col. Ben- 

jamin Ruggles Woodbridge]. Lameness of John Wetherbee, a 
private in Capt. [Reuben] Dickerson's [Dickinson's] company. 
A. D. S. 
Woodbridge, Benjamin Ruggles. Col., Massachusetts regiment. Camp 
near Prospect Hill. Recommendation [to Gen. George Washing- 
ton, Caml)ridge] for discharge of Jolm Wetherbee. A. D. S. 
] }). sm. Q". 

1775. Varnum, [James ^Mitchell.] Col., 1st Rhode Island reginient. Prospect 
Dec. 5. Hill [Charlestown, Massachusetts]. Letter to Gen. [George] 

Washington [Cambridge]. Ralph Morgan's wife and two chil- 
dren with furniture have been turned into the street; ]\Iorgan 
desires eight days absence to provide for them; regard for general 
orders will not admit of regimental relief; " begs his Excellency's 
commisseration for the poor man." A. L. Signed in body of 
document. 1 i>. cS". 

1775, Thomas, John. Brig, gen., Continental arm]/. Roxl)nry [Massachusetts]. 
Dec. <s. Letter [to Gen. George Washington, Cambridge]. Ca])t. [Lsrael?] 

Chapin was arranged with Col. [Artemas] Ward's regiment; not 
successful in recruiting and for some other reason has handed in 
the enclosed resignation; Capt. [Simeon?] Hazleton in same regi- 
ment, assigned to Col. Jonathan Brewer's regiment, is dissatisfied; 
well recommended by Col. [John] Fellows and others; hojies he 
can be allowed to take Chapin' s place. L. S. 1 p. Q". 
Answer granting request is printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., -1, '2'21. 

1775. Prescott, William. Col. of a Massachusetts regiment. Sewall's Point 
Dec. y. [near Boston]. Letter [to Gen. George Washington, Caml)ridge]. 

Lt. James Russell re])resents that the affairs of his family 
require hi^' attention at home; is willing that he be discharged or 
retired on furlough. L. S. Endorsed: "Lieut. Russell dis- 
chargd. 9 Dec 75". 1 p. Q°. 



122 CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 

1775. Cheever, Ezekiel. Commissary of artillery. Cambridge. Receipt to Gen. 
Dec. 9. [George] Washington for ten firelocks with steel hammers, nine 

pouches, three " Cartouch" boxes, seven bullet bags, nine bayo- 
nets "with eight belts and scabbards. A. D. S. 1 p. 12°. 

1775. Woodbridge, [Benjamin] R[uggles]. Col., Massachusetts rfgimenf. Cam- 
Dec. 22. l)ridge. Certificate [to Gen. George Washington] of willingness 
that Sergt. Joseph Foster be discharged. A. D. S. 

Certificate that the town of Ware has sent one man more, in 
Capt. [Elijah] D wight's company, than the number ordered by 
the [General] Court [of Massachusetts]. A. D. S. 2 pp. 12°. 

[1775.] Dodge, William. Private, col. Richard Gridley's Massachusetts regiment of 
artillery. [Camp near Boston.] Petition to Gen. [George] 
Washington [Cambridge?]. Asks for discharge from the Army; 
is afflicted with rheumatism and other disorders; is in poor cir- 
cumstances and has a sickly wife and a large family of children 
to support. D. S. Endorsed: "1 consent to his discharge R. 
Gridley". 1 p. 8°. 

[1775.] Russell, Thomas. Private, capt. Natlian Brwwn^s company, col. John Mans- 
field' s Massachusetts regiment. [Camp near Boston.] Petition to 
Gen. [George] Washington, [Cambridge]. Asks for discharge; 
rheumatism has unfitted him for duty for past twelve months; 
has a wife and children in Baltimore county, Maryland; desires 
to go to them. A. D. S. Apj^roved: "Israel Hutchinson, Lefr. 
Col" and " Nathan Brown, Capt." 1 p. F°. 

[1775.] Massachusetts, [Colony.] General Court. [Watertown.] Letter 
[to Gen. George Washington, Cambridge]. Has information that 
intelligence of all movements is conveyed to [Brig.] Gen. 
[Thomas] Gage by some New Hampshire men who are going to 
and from the Army; suggests sending a force to cut off communi- 
cation between the ship Scarborough now in Piscataway harbor 
and the Colony of New Hampshire; thinks he should inform the 
Provincial Congress [of New Hampshire] of this. Incomplete 
draft. 1 1). F". 

[1775.] Massachusetts, [Colony.]- Connnittee of Supplies. [Watertown.] P^sti- 
mate [submitted to (jen. George Washington, Camlmdge,] of ord- 
nance and supplies furnished the Massachusetts forces. Signed: 
Moses Gill, Benjamin Lincoln, John Pitts, James Prescott, Elisha 
Porter and James Barrett. 3 pp. F". 

1775. Continental Army, ^lilitary stores for. [Cambridge, Massachusetts.] 
Tabular statement [submitted to Gen. George Washington]. 
Stores necessary; shot and shell required; list of stores that do 
not need replenishing. Endorsed bj' Robert H. Harrison: "Esti- 
mate or List of ordnance Stores necessary 1775." 1 p. F.° 

[1775.] New York City, Committee of Safety? Memorandum to Gen. George 
Washington [Cambridge]. Tallow candles, blankets etc., taken 
from the King's stores are in a building at New York belonging to 
Isaac Sears; medicines from the same source are in barracks near 
Liberty Pole; in John Gilbert's store are empty cartridges for 4 



CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPIS. 123 

[1775.] New York City, Coiiiniittee of Safety? — Continued. 

and 24 pounder^^; lilanket^^, lint etc. in lower Ijarraeks; above 
stores maj' be taken from New York l)y Was^hington's order to 
the Committee of Safety. P^ndorsed by Robert H. Harrison: 
"1775 Anonymous Paper Respects. Kings Stores in New York". 
Ip. Q«. 

[1775-7t). ] Welch, William and others. Sjldiers n'tnnu'd from the expedition agaiiift 
Quebec. [Cambridge?] Petition to Gen. [George] Washington 
[Cambridge]. Petitioners are privates and non-commissioned 
officers in Capt. Thomas Williams's company, [Col. John Pater- 
son's 3Iassachusetts regiment,] and Capt. [Jonas] Hubbard" s 
company, [Col. Jonathan Ward's ^lassachusetts regiment]; suf- 
fered losses in the cold season going up the river [Kennebec, on 
Col. Benedict Arnold's expedition against (.Quebec]; destitute of 
pn)visions; compelled to turn back; bure own expenses on return: 
no allowance for provision made them; pray that losses and dam- 
age be made good. Eleven signatures. 1 p. F". 
Xamt's given in index. 

177ii. Cooke, Nicholas. Governor of Rhode TsJnnd. Providence. Letter to Gen. 
Jan. 1. George Washington, Cambridge. Measures pursued to procure 

blankets; [^laj.] Gen. [Charles] Lee's Long Island expedition, 
and other matters. L. S. 1 p. Q°. 
Printed: Force, Amer. .\reh. -Ith. Ser., 4, .335. ' 

1771). Putnam, [Rufus.] Li. col., 32d Contincnt'd liif<nitri/. A description <iftli" 
Jan. 7. "Narra Gansett" bay, Rhode Island. Its boundaries, navigatiou, 

harbor and islands; resources and products; location of troop-; 
[Maj.] Gen. [Charles] Lee is protecting barracks against musket rv 
fire only. "To accompany the Map of the 7th of January 177(> 
Presented to His Excellency George Washington Escp-. by Lt. 
Collo. Putnam". 2 pp. F". 

177B. Cheever, Ezekiel. ('ommis.'<ari/ of artiUeri/. Cambridge. Return [to Gen. 

Jan. 30. George Washington, Cambridge]. Powder received since July 1, 

1775; tabulated statement of Cjuantities received from William 

Hunt, Capt. [ ] Patterson, George Bayler and John Brown. 

D. 8. 1 p. Q". 

1776. Indians, (a) Cognawaga Nation. The talk of sundry Sachems and War- 
Jan. 31. riors with Gen. George Washington. Were sent by the five tribes 
of Canada Indians to inquire the cause of war with England ; have 
made a treaty of peace with [Brig. Gen. Philip] Schuyler; are 
glad to secure Washington's endorsement; will aid Schuyler in 
defense of New England whenever called upon; wish "St. Luc 
Lacorpe" [another chief] sent from Canada. 

(Vj) St. Johns Tribe. Talk of one [chief] with Gen. George 
Washington. Are glad to meet him [Washington] and the Cog- 
nawaga representatives; English have endeavored to induce them 
[St. Johns Tribe] to fight against New England; will not give 
them powder unless they do this; they [Indians] prefer to figlit 
against England; " will come and help the New England people" 
next spring. 8 pj). F". 



124 CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCEIFTS. 

177ti. Cheever, Ezekiel. Commi'tsary of artillery. Cambridge. Receipt to 
Feb. 1. Gen. [Ueorge] Washington for five King's arms, seven cartridge 

boxes, six bayonets, seven bayonet belts and 200 musket car- 
tridges. A. D. S. 1 p. Q". 

1776. Mifiiin, Thomas. Col. and quartermaster-general, Continental, army. [Cam- 
Fel). 27. bridge.] Return [to Gen. George Washington]. Intrenching 

tools in Cambridge and Roxbury fit for immediate use. En- 
dorsed by Washington: "Tools pr Colo. Mifflin, 27th. Feby. 
1776". 1 p. Q". 

1776. Rhoades, Jacol). Master of carpenters, Continental army. Cambridge. 

3Iar. 2. Return [to Gen. George Washington]. Number of boats, oars 

and paddles; number and location of those fit for " servis"; con- 
ditions of various batteries. A. D. S. 1 p. F°. 

1776. Greene, Nathanael. Brig, gen.. Continental army. [Cambridge.] Return 

Mar. 2. [to Gen. George Washington]. Number of "spheers" in the 

brigade; on Prospect and Cobble Hills 346 "fitt" for service; 20 
need repairing. D. S. 1 p. Q°. 

1776. Cheever, Ezekiel. Commissary of artillery. Cambridge. Receipt to Col. 
Mar. 5. Edward Mitchel "by the hands of Ebenr. Howard " for buying 

arms for Gen. [George] Washington. 25 fire-arms amounting to 
$270. A. D. S. 1 p. Q°. 

177(1. [Gates, Horatio.] Brig, and adj. gen., Continental army. [Cambridge.] 
Mar. 12. Report [to Gen. George Washington,] giving "rations to l)e 

allowed the undermentioned staff officers." A. D. Endorsed 
l)y Washington: " Rations as Servd. out to Offr." 1 p. F°. 

1776. Sarg-ent, Winthrop. Capt., col. Henry Knox's Continental artillery. Glou- 
JNlar. 14-Ui. eester [Massachusetts]. Letter [to Gen. George Washington, 

Cambridge]. Wrote him on " Last Tusday " [March 12th]; has 
sails and most of "Rigen" [rigging] off the ship \_Stalceshy'\ 
with 50 casks of porter; Capt. [ ] Dosson ran in last night and 
set fire to her; our guns would not reach him; ship is burned 
to the water's edge; Capt. [James] Whatts [Watts] has lost all 
his venture. A. L. 8. 1 p. F". 

Letter of " Last Tusday " printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 5, 196. 

1776. Cheever, Ezekiel. Commissary (f artillery. Cambridge. Receipt to 
INIar. 29. Dummer Jewett for arms purchased. Memorandum of $1000 

advanced Jewett and method of expenditure. In R. H. Harri- 
son's handwriting. On accompanying sheet is an acknowledge- 
ment of the receipt of $387y% from Jewett. Endorsed by Wash- 
ington: "Drumr. Dewet Acct Arms". 1pp. Q°. 

1776. Mitchell, Edward. Col. and colonial agent for the liurchase of arms. 
]Mar. 30. Watertown [Massachusetts]. Account with Gen. [George] 

Washington for fire arms purchased. $1000 "received of his 
Excellency". " To 65 Fire Arms purchased .... 698f dollars" ; 
"to Expense in purchasing .... 16J"; "toballance due to 
' Genl. Washington 285 dollars". D. S. Endorsed by Washing- 

ton: " Colo. Mitchels acct. Arms ". 2 pj). F". 



CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 125 

1770. Haynes, Aaron, and otherH. (>{lici'rx, GtJi. Vontimidnl infanlrij. Boston. 
Apr. 1. Lettei- to Gen. [George] Washington. An- w illing that Major 

[John Gizzard] Frazier [Frazer] should be apjjointed Major in 
the regiment. 17 Signatures. 1 p. F". 

Xiunos are given in index. See: Whitcdinb, Asa, List of officers 1776, 
April 1. 

177t). McKnight, Cliarles. Surgeon, Coniinenfdl armi/. Putnam Hospital [near 
Apr. 1. I'xiston]. Certificate of pliysical disability of Corporal Samuel 

Lcixro, I if Col. [Daniel] Hitchcok's regiment. 
Morg-an, Jolm. Director general of Continental hospital. Recommenda- 
tion [to (Jen. George W^ashington] for discharge of Corpl. Legro. 
2 pp. scrap. 

[177(>.] Whitcomb, Asa. (Jol., 6th Continental 'infantry. [Boston.] List of offi- 

[Apr J .] cers of regiment that are desirous of having Major [John Gizzard] 

Fraizer [Frazer] appointed in the regiment. 16 nances. 

Endorsed by Washington : ' ' Concerning Mr. G. Frazer' ' . 1 p. 8". 

Names are given in index. See: Ilaynes, Aaron, Letter to George Wasliing- 
ton 177(), April 1. 

177(). Read, .Iust'}>li, and Bailey, John. Colonels if l,ith and 3Sd Continental 
Apr. 2. infantr;/ respect irehj. Dedham [Massachusetts]. Letter to 

[Gen.] George AVashington [Cambridge]. Notify him of selec- 
tion of Rev. David SancU'ord of Med way [Massachusetts,] as 
chaplain of their regiments; conlirmation of appointment desired; 
Bailey makes above request as [Rev. Isaac?] Mansfield [jr.] 
declined marching with his regiment. A. L. S. Endorsed by 
Washington: " Resjiicts ye Choice of a Chapln" . 1 p. (.i". 

177(5. Reed, Richard. Cand)ridge. A return of corn, oats, straw etc. A. D. S. 
Apr. o. Endorsed by Washington: "Return of corn, oats, straw ct coal." 

1 p. F". 

1776. Davis, Joshua. Deputy barrack manager, Continental army. [Canil)ridge.] 
Apr. 4. Tabulated return to Gen. George Washington [Cambridge]. List 

"of all The Buldings bult for the Use of The Contenental Armey 
in Cambr Brooklin Roxbury Dorchestor &c. From Agt. 1775 To 
Apl. 11776". A. D. S. Endorsed by Washington: "A Return of 
the Barracks at Cambridge, Roxbury &c. 4tli. April 1776". 
2pp. F». 

1776. Davis, Joshua. Deputy barrack manager, Cordineidal army. [Candjridge.] 

Apr. 4. Report [to Gen. George Washington, Caml)ridge]. Condition of 

barracks; though carefully nailed up as the soldiers leave, finds 

many barracks broken open; many ]>o(ir families on Winter and 

Prospect Hills have moved into them. A. D. S. 1 p. 

Attached to preceding dociiiuent. 

1776. Frazer, John Gizzard. Major and asst. quartermaster general, Continental 
Apr. 14. army. Boston. Return [to Gen. George Washington, New 

York]. Inventory of ordnance and ordnance stores foniid in 
Boston; tabular statement (;f (juantities and where found. A. D. S. 
Endorsed by Washington: "A Return of Ordnance & Ordnance 
Stores found in Boston " . 1 p. F". 

Enclosed in a letter of same date from Frazer to Washington. Letter printed: 
Force, Amer. Arch. -Ith. Ser., 5, 934. 



126 CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 

1776. Continental Army, ^Military stores. New York. Tabular return [to 
Apr. 2.'!. Gen. George AVashington, New York]. Ordnance and ammu- 

nition "lately arrived from Cam])ridge . . . under care of 
Major [John] Crane". 1 p. Q°. 

177(3. Nicoll, Isaac. Col., commanding Ilujhhindjorttt. Fort Montgomery [Hud- 
Apr. 23-29. son River, New Y^ork] . Ajir. 23. Eeturn [to Gen. George Wash- 
ington, New York]. State of garrison at Fort Montgomery; 
tabular statement of officers absent, number of men, arms, etc. 

Fort Constitution [Hudson River, New York]. Apr. 29. 
Return [to Washington]. State of garrison at Fort Constitution; 
tal)ular statement of officers absent, number of men, arms, etc. 
2 pp. F". 

Printed: Force Amer. Areh., 4tli. Ser. .5, 1202 (dates reversed). 

1776. New York, [Colony.] Committee of Safety. [New York City.] Extracts 
May 1. from minutes. Return of eight companies recruited in the coun- 

ties of Albany, Tryon and Charlotte for Col. [Cornelius D.] 
Wynkoop's regiment [4th New Y^ork] ; names of eight companies 
placed in Col. [James] Clinton's regiment [2d New York]; names 
of captains, number of men and where posted. Signed: " Robt. 
Benson Secry." and addressed "To His Excellency General 
Washington". 1 p. F". 

Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 5,1076 (except signature). See also: 
Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 5, 1127. 

1776. Clutterbuck, Christian ]M. and others. British naral officers. [Providence, 
May 5. Rhode Island.] Petition to Gen. [George] Washington [New 

Y^ork]. Although prisoners of war, petitioners are confined in a 
criminal gaol; have no beds nor blankets; understand [Capt. 
E. H.] Stanhope's forfeiture of parole is cause of prisoners treat- 
ment; Commodore [Esek] Hopkins sent word that he would take 
them on the fleet as "common people" or confine them in gaol; 
hope their circumstances will be considered and this letter 
answered. Signed: "Chris. ^I. Clutterbuck, Wm. Marsh, John 
Wallace, Henry Stevenson". Endorsed by R. H. Harrison: 
" Prisoners at Providence ^lay 5. Ansd. — 13 ". 2 pp. Q". 

1776. Varnum, James ^Mitchell. Col., 9th Cuntinentcd infantry. New York. 
May 10. Petition to Gen. [George] Washington [New Y^ork]. On INIarch 

21st Capt. John Lane sent from Cumberland county, ^Nlassa- 
chusetts, Sergt. Benjamin Thompson and fifteen regularly enlisted 
privates to join the [9th] regiment at Prospect Hill [Charles- 
town, Massachusetts] ; regiment had left j^revious to their arrival; 
the sixteen were re-enlisted into Col. [Edmund] Finney's [Phin- 
ney] regiment; on Capt. Lane's arrival in Boston he applied to 
[Maj.] Gen. [Artemas] Ward to have the men redelivered; was 
advised by him to receive back the money he had advanced and 
was refused redress agreeable to general orders; Lieut. [Daniel] 
Merril, who re-enlisted the men had them burn first enlistment 
papers; prays that Capt. Lane be empowered to receive back the 
men and that such redress as His Excellency thinks proper be 
made. D. S. 1 p. F«. 

This petition was enclosed by Washington in a letter to Ward dated May 13. 
"If the facts are as set forth he must be redressed". Letter printed: Force, 
j\jner. Arch. 4th. Ser., G, 436. 



CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 127 

1776. . Knox, Henry. Col. nf iirtUlery, Continental arnui. Xew York. Ketiirn 
May 16. to Gen. George "Washington [New York]. Continental cannon 

in the colony of Massachnsett?; nnmlx'r and coinlition of «anie. 
Contemporary copy. 1 p. S'\ 

177H. Knox, Henry. Coh of (irfUkri/, Continental arnvj. Xew York. IJeturn 
Jlay IH. til Gen. George Washington [New York]. Cannon " which were 

provM in and about the City of New York"; number, sizes and 
etc; "4 remain to l)e i>rov'd". Contemiyorary copy. 1 p. Q". 

177(>. New York, [Culnny.] Dutclie^s.s County, Conunittee of Safety. "IJeek- 
May 17. mans i'recinct" [near Poughkeep.sie, New York]. Letter [to Col. 

Isaac Nicoli, commanding at Fort Constitution, New York]. 
" Agreeal)le to order of the General Committee" sends by Lieut. 
[Thomas?] Ley 32 guns, receipt desired; list of guns, their marks 
and aii^jraisement; total value £54 5s. Signed: " Ebenezer Cary, 
Chairman". Copy [forwarded to Gen. George Washington 
and] endor.sed by Moylan: "May 17, 1776". 2 pp. F". 

1776. Barber, Xatlianiel jr. Depiitj/ romnusxari/ of (irtilleri/. Boston. A tabu- 
May 2o. lated return to Gen. George Washington [New York]. Ordnance 
stores in Boston; "N. B. Stores that were taken from the enemy 
in the Hope are not included in this return". On verso is a li.st 
of "Empty Shells & Cannon Shott, at Boston Cambridge & Rox- 
bury". A. D. S. 1 p. 62 x 13 inches. 

1776. Hug-hes, Hugh. Axst. qnaiieruta-ster (jenereil, Continental <inni/. New 

ilay 25. York. A tabulated return to Gen. George Washington [New 

York]. Articles shipped on sloop Moliawk, Barnaby Roseboom, 

master, consigned to Maj. Cien. [Philip] Schuyler [Alltany]. 

2 pp. F". 

1776. Hughes, Hugh. .l.s-s/. fjiuirterniaMer general. Continental aruiij. New 

I\Iay 31. Y<jrk. A tabulated return to Gen. George Washington [New 

York]. Eighteen casks of nails shipped in sloop 7^///, Nicholas 

Merselis, master, consigned to Maj. Gen. [Philip] Scliuyler 

[Albany]. 1 p. F«. 

1776. Hug-hes, Hugh. Ai<d. quartermaster general, Continental army. New 
June 4. York. A tabulated return to Gen. George Washington [New 

York]. Oakum and junk shipped on board the sloop Trijon, 
Barent Van Alen, master, consigned to Maj. (Jen. [Philip] Schuy- 
ler [Albany]. Signed: Barent Van Alen. 1 \\. F". 

1776. Hughes, Hugh. .I.w/. qnaiii'miaster general, Continental arini/. New 

June 5. York. A tabulated return to Gen. George Washington [New 

York]. Articles shipjted on sloop Tryon, Barent Van Alen, 

master, consigned to Maj. Gen. [Philiji] Schuyler [Alltany]. 

Signed: "Barent Van Alen." 1 ]>. P'. 

1776. Hugh.es, Hugh. ^l.v.sY. (jnarter master general, ('ontinrntal arnni. New 

June 8. York. A tabulated return to Gen. George Washington [New 

York]. Number and location of intrenching tools. 1 p. F". 



128 



CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 



1776. Knox, Henry. Col. of artiUery, Continental army. New York. Retura 
June 10. [to Gen. George Washington New York]. Gives "disposition 

of the cannon, of ten companies of the Continental Regt. of 
Artillery and one Colonial company of [New York] Artillery 
commanded by Capt. [Alexander] Hamilton" in and about New 
York city. On verso is a letter from Knox [to Washington] in 
explanation of above return. L. S. 4 pp. F". 
Return and letter printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4tli Ser., 6, 920. 

1776. Nicolson, John, "late actuig us Lleatenant- Colonel of the regiment under 

June 12. command of Col. James Clinton in the Northern department ". New 

York. Memorial to Gen. George Washington [New York]. 

Recounts his services and charges against him; requests an 

investigation. A. D. S. 2 pp. F°. 

Nicolson claimed to be Col. of the 4th. New York regt. and is occasionally 
so referred to. Cornelius D. Wynkoop is more generally recognized as such. 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 6, 823. 

1776. McKnight, Charles. Surgeon, Continental army. [New York City.] Cer- 
June 13. tificate of physical disability of Jonathan Draper of Col. [William] 

Bond's regiment. 
Morgan, John. Director General, Continental Hospital. Recommenda- 
tion [to Gen. George Washington] for discharge of Jonathan 
Draper. 1 p. Q". Endorsed: "Jonathan Draper Bonds regmt. 
discharged 13 June 1776." 

1776. McKniglit, Charles. Snrgeo)), Continental army. [New York City.] Cer- 
June 13. tificate of illness of Samuel Thomi^son, of Col. [Samuel Holden] 

Parson's regiment. 
Morgan, John. Director General, Continental Hospital. Recommenda- 
tion [to Gen. George Washington] for discharge of Samuel Thomp- 
son. 1 p. Q°. Endorsed : ' ' Saml. Thompson dischd. 15 June 76. ' ' 

177(i. Sackett, Samuel, and others. Officers, 4tli New York regiment. New York. 
June 13. Letter to Gen. George Washington [New York], respecting dis- 

bandment of the regiment and their wish to remain in the service. 
1 p. F". 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 6, 840. 

1776. Lanib, Catherine. Wife of major John Lamb, Continental artillery , northern 
June [13?] department. New York. ^lemorial to Gen. George Washington 

[New York]. Her husband a prisoner in Canada; prays that she 
may be allowed the equivalent of his rations. D. S. 1 ji. F". 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 6, 839. 

[1776.] Hughes, Hugh. Asst. quartermaster general, Continental army. New York. 
[June 16.] A tabulated return to Gen. George Washington [New York,] 

of sundry articles shipped in the slooj^ Lydia, Lewis Clark, mas- 
ter, consigned to Maj. Gen. [Philip] Schuyler, Albany, New York. 
Signed: "Lewis Clark". 1 p. F". 



1776. Roorbach, Ciarret. Barrack-master for New York city. New York. 
June 17. Memorial to [Gen.] George Washington [New York]. Asks 

for opportunity to reply to charges made against himself. D. S.. 
2 pp. F°. 

Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 4th. Ser., 6, 939. 



CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 129 

I 
1776. Clinton, James. Col., 2d Neiv York regiment. Forts Constitution and 

June 19. Montgomery [New York]. A tabulated return to Gen. [George] 

Washington [New York]. Men and arms at Forts Constitution 
and Montgomery; number of men in companies commanded by 
Captains [James] Rosekrans, [John] Bellnap [Belknap], [Abra- 
ham] Swarthout [Swartwout], [William] Jackson, and [Increase] 
Childs. D. S. 2 pp. F°. 
1776. Foster, Isaac. Surgeon, Continental army. New York. Letter to Dr. 

June 25. John ilorgan [New York]. Jeremiah Metcalf, in Ca])t. [Jonas] 

Hubbard's company, Col. [Jonathan] Ward's regiment is a con- 
sumptive; cannot live long; has friends in Wrentham [Massa- 
chusetts,] who would be glad to take him; submits for consid- 
eration the propriety of his discharge. A. D. S. Approved: 
"John Morgan, Directr. Genl. of the Continl. Hospital". For- 
warded [to Gen. George Washington] and endorsed: "dischd. 25 
June 1776". 1 p. Q". 

1776. Foster, Isaac. Surgeon, Continental army. [New York.] Letter to [Dr.] 
June 29. John Morgan [New York]. John Hull of Capt. [John] Reese's 

company in Col. [Arthur?] Sinclair's [St. Clair's] regiment has 
been in hospital six weeks; swelling of right knee will not yield to 
any application; submits for consideration the propriety of his 
discharge. A. D. S. Approved: "John Morgan, Directr. Genl. 
of the Hospit." Forwarded [to Gen. George Washington] and 
endorsed: "discharged. 29 June 1776." 1 p. Q°. 

1776. Parsons, Samuel Holden and others. Officers and wldiers in 2d Brigade, 
June 29. Continental army. New York. Address to [Gen.] George Wash- 

ington [New York]. Express confidence in the righteousness 
of the cause and in the leadership of Washington. Ten signatures. 
Endorsed by Robt. H. Harrison: "Address from Genl. Spencers 
Brigade". 3 pp. F". 
Names given in index. Printed: Force, Anier. .Vrch. 4th. .Ser. (;, IVib. 

1776. Hughes, Hugh. Asst. quartermaster general. Continental army. New 

June 29. York. A tabulated return to Gen. George Washington. Articles 

shipped on the sloop Liberty, Henry Palmer, master, consigned to 

commander of Forts Montgomery and Constitution. Signed: 

his 
"Israel Smith". " Henry x Palmer " . 1 p. F". 
mark 

1776. McKnight, Charles. Surgeon, Continental army. [New York City.] Cer- 
July 4. titicate to Dr. John Morgan of illness of [ ] Taylor, of Col. 

[John] Nixon's regiment, [Capt. Moses] McFarland's company. 
Morgan, John. Director-general, Continental hospital. Recommendation 
to the commanding officer [Gen. George Washington] for dis- 
charge of Taylor. 1 p. Q". 

1776. Hughes, Hugh. A.'sst. quartermaster gener<d, Contin.ental army. New York. 

July 8. A tabulated return to Gen. George Washington [New York]. 

' Goods shipped on the sloop Genl. Wolfe, Andrew Doune, master, 

consigned to Maj. Gen. Philip Schuyler, Albany. Signed: 

"Andrew Doune." 1 p. F". 

Printed: Force, Amer. Areh.Sth. Ser., 1,1050. 

19108—01 9 



130 CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 

[1776.] lieaycraft, Richard and others. New York. Memorial to Gen. George 
[July 9-14.] Washington [New York]. Pray for removal of tories from the 

city. 47 signatures. 2 pp. F". 
Names given in index. Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 5th. Ser., 1, 335. 

[1776.] Sears, I.saac and others. New York. Memorial to Gen. George Wash- 
[July9-14.] ington [New York]. Pray for removal of tories from the city. 

109 signatures. Endorsed: "The Memorial of Sundry Inhabi- 
tants of New York & Others &c. & a List of Disaffected Persons." 
3 pp. F". 

Duplicate of preceding except signatures and endorsement. Names given 
in index. Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 5th. Ser., 1, 335. 

1776. Cheever, Ezekiel. Commissary of artillery. New York. A tabulated 
July 22. return [to Gen. George Washington, New York]. Ordnance 

stores at New York. D. S. 1 p. F". 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 5th. Ser., 1, 586. 

1776. D'Orillac, Le Chevalier and others. [New York.] Letter [to Gen. 
Aug. 6. George Washington, New York]. After parole granted by 

Washington, are surprised at the harsh treatment accorded them; 
instigators are unknown and unsought; justice demands that 
promises inducing them to come to America should be fulfilled; 
French nation now favors America; deprivation of petitioner's 
liberty will destroy this feeling; freedom customary to civilized 
nations should be granted them; opportunity should be given 
them to prove existing sentiment in New York false. Signed: 
Le Chevalier D'Orillac, vidal, farques. Endorsed by Robt. H. 
Harrison: " Letter from a French Gentleman in N. York Aug. 
6th. 1776". 3 pp. F°. 
In French. 

1776. Drake, Saumel and Hardenburgh, Johannes. Col. and It. col., respec- 
Aug. 6. lively, New York mlUtkt. Greenwich [New York]. Letter [to 

Gen. George Washington, New York City]. Request suspension 
of order of yesterdaj^ and beg that the regiment be allowed to 
remain in its present quarters and not sent into the city. L. S. 
1 p. F". 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 5th. Ser., 1, 789. 

[1776.] Greene, Nathanael. Maj. gen.. Continental army. Camp on Long Island. 
[Aug. 11.] List of the principal tories [on Long Island]. Signed: Abrm. 

Skinner. 1 p. F". 
Enclosed in a letter of above date from Greene to Washington. Printed: 
Force, Amer. Arch. 5th. Ser., 1, 899. 

1 776. Ritzema, Rudolphus and Weissenfel, Frederick. Cul. and It. col., respec- 

Aug. 12. lively of Sd. Neir York regiment. New York. Recommendation [to 

Gen. George Washington, New York]. Robert Provost is now 

Quartermaster of the regiment; " is a proper person for regimental 

paymaster." D. S. I p. F". 

Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 5th. Ser., 1, 918. 

1776. Hughes, Hugh. Asst. quartermaster general. Continental army. New 
Aug. 12. York. A return made to Gen. George Washington [New York]. 

By order of Stephen Moylan, Col. and Quartermaster General, 
gives return of articles delivered to Christopher Hart for convey- 
ance to Maj. Gen. [Philip] Schuyler, Albany. Signed: "Stephen 
Moylan, Q. M. G." 2 pp. F". 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 5th. Ser.. 1. 919. 



CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 181 

1776. Drummond, [James?] Lord. "Sloop Polly" [New York.] Letter to 

Aug. 12. [Kiehard,] Lord Howe [New York Bay]. Encloses sketch of 

propositions [for peace]. Contemporary copy. 1 j). (i". 

Enclosed in Drummond,, James, Lord, Letter to George Washington 17T(i, Aug. 
17. Printed: Force. Amer. Arch. .5th. Ser., 1, 1027. 

1776. Drummond, [James?] Lord. [New York.] "Sketch of Propositions 
Aug. 12. conunimicated to Lord Howe on the 12th. August 1776." Con- 

temporary copy. 3 pp. F". 

Enclosed in Drummond, James, Lord, Letter to George Washington 177(1, Aug. 
17. Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. ."ith. Ser., 1, 1027. 

1776. Howe, [Richard, Lord.] Rear admiral in cum inund of British fleet in North 
Aug. 15. America. "Eagle," off Staten Island [New York]. Letter to 

[James?] Lord Drummond, returning sketch of propositions [for 
peace]. Contemporary copy. 2 pp. Q". 

Enclosed in Drummond, James, Lord, Letter to George Washington 177ii, .Vug. 
17. Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 5th. Ser., 1, 1027. 

1776. Drummond, [James?] Lord. [New York.] Letter to Gen. [George] 
Aug. 17. Washington [New York,] respecting propositions for peace. 

Contemporary copy. 1 p. F°. 

Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 5th. Ser., 1, 102(i. Sparks, Writings of Washing- 
ton, 4, 528. 

1776. Drummond, [James?] Lord. "Sloop Polly" [New York.] Letter [to 
Aug. 19. Gen. George AVashington, New York]. Acknowledges receipt 

of letter of Aug. 17th; believed verbal message returned by [Tench] 
Tilghman would remove suspicions; motive for seeking [Richard,] 
I>ord Howe's permission to land at New York; hope of an inter- 
view with your P^xcellency; prepared a letter to C<j1. [Ste}ihen] 
Moylan which he read to Tilghman but did not deliver; wishes 
a personal interview to explain his actions as to his parole; en- 
closes his letter to Col. Moylan, mentioned above, together with 
the Logbook [of the Polly]. A. D. S. 3 pp. Q". 

1776. Hugh.es, Hugh. Ai^M. (jiiartermaster general, Continental army. New 
Aug. 19. York. A tabulated return to Gen. George Washington [New 

York]. By order of Col. Stephen Moylan, Quartermaster Gen- 
eral, gives return of goods shipped in schooner Union, Philo 
Sanford, master, consigned to Maj. Gen. [Horatio] Gates, Albany. 
Signed: "Philo Sanford, Stephen Moylan Q. M. G." 2 pp. F". 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 5th. Ser., 1, lOfifi. 

'{1776.] Sarg-ent, Paul Dudley, and Austin, Jonathan Williams. Col. and major 
£Aug. ?] rexpectirely of 16th Continental Infantry. Letter to Gen. [George] 

Washington [New York]. James Perry was captain in the 28th 
INIassachusetts regiment [reorganized as 16th Continental infantry] 
before new arrangement; left out under same; no personality in 
it; is an officer of merit; reconunends him for any vacancy that 
may occur. Signed : ' ' Paul Dudley Sargent, Jon. Williams Austin. ' ' 
Endorsed: "1776 Recommendation of Captn. Perry by Colo. Sar- 
gent &. Major Williams. 1 p. F". 

'[1776.] Continental Congress. Committee on the State of the Army. [Phila- 
fSept. 20-27.] delphia.] "Queries to be made at Head Quarters," by a Com- 

mittee of the Continental Congress on "the state of the army" 
[Roger Sherman, Elbridge Gerry and Francis Lewis]. Twelve 



132 CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 

f 
[1776.] Continental Congress — Continued. 

[Sept. 20-27.] questions respecting the state of the Army; first two answered; 

estabUshment and supphes. 2 pp. F°. 

Answers in handwriting of Robert Hanson Harrison. Endorsement " Octr. 
1776" on document refers to time of Committee's report to Congress. 

See: Journals of Congress, Sept. 20 and Oct. 8, 1776. Ford, Writing.s of Wash- 
ington, 4, 4.51 (note). Report of the Committee, [Oct. 3] is printed; Force, Amer. 
Arch. 5th Ser., 2,1385 (note). 

1776. Cook, Robert. Captain, armed galley "Lady Waf<hingtoii.^' [New York.] 
[Sept.] Pay roll. Tabular statement of amounts due officers on board 

his ship Sept. 1st; 12 names. Signe<l: " Robt. Cook, Captain" 
" Exd. for William Palfrey, P. M. G. John Laurauce." Endorsed: 
(1) " Septeml>er ye 29th. A. D. 1776. I have examined the within 
abstract and can find no exceptional error, pr. Benj. Tupper Lt. 
Col. Comdr." (2) " Pay roll for Lady Washington Galley"; (3) 
"Head Quarters, Harlem Heights" Order to William Palfrey to 
pay Cook 145f^ dollars; "By his Excellency's Command"; dated 
October but unsigned. 2 pp. F". 
Names given in index. 

[1776.] Virginia, [State.] Troops 3d regiment. [Harlem Heights, New York.] 
[Sept.] Memorial of 1st Lieutenants to General [George] Washington 

[Harlem,] upon method of appointment and promotion. 2 pp. Q". 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 5th. Ser., 2,349. 

1776. White Plains, New York, Battle of. A tabulated return of the killed 
Oct. 28. and wounded of Brig. Gen. Laslee's [Col. Alexander Leslie's] bri- 

gade; statement of regimental losses. Endorsed by Washington: 
"List of killed & wound'd in the 2d. Brigade of British Octr. 28th. 
1776." 1 p. Q". 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 5th. Ser., 2, 1270. 

1776. Howe, William. Maj. gen. and commander in chief of the British forces in 
Nov. 8. America. "Head Quarters" [New York.] Letter to Gen. [George] 

Washington [White Plains,] respecting exchange of prisoners. 
L. S. 2 pp. F». 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch., 5th. Ser., 3, 676. 

1776. Turner, Philip. Surgeon, Continental hospital. Stamford [Connecticut]. 

[Nov. 10.] List of invalid officers and soldiers recommended to Dr. John 

Morgan for discharge. 191 names. Approved and forwarded to 

Washington: "John Morgan Directr. Generl. of the Hospital ec." 

3 pp. F°. 

Printed: Force. Amer, Arch., 5th. Ser., 3, 635. 

1776. New York, [State.] Committee of Safety. [Fishkill.] Arrangement of 
Nov. 21. officers of four battalions to be raised in New York state. List of 

officers and assignments; 137 names. Signed: Robert Yates, 
Chairman. Contemporary copy. 2 pp. F". 

Enclosed in New York, Committee of Safety, Letter to George Washington 
1776, Nov. 23. Printed: Force, Amer. Arch., 5th. Ser., 3, 314. 



CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON" MANUSCRIPTS. 133 

1776. New York, [State.] Committee of Safety. [Fishkill.] Report of Com- 
[Nov. 21-22. ] luittee. Arrangement of oflBcers for four battalions ordered raised 

in New York state; arrangement decided upon annexed to this 
report. 
Minutes of the Conmiittee, Nov. 21-22. Action on Report of the C'oni- 
mittee. Arrangement submitted by Rol)ert Yates, chairman, re- 
lating to the raising of a fifth state battalion. "Extract from 
the Minutes John McKesson, secry." 5 pp. F". 

Enclosed in New York, Committee of Safety, Letter to George Washington 
1770, Nov. 23. Printed: Force, Amer. Arch., 5th. Ser., 3, 312-31.5. 

177H. New York, [State.] Committee of Safety. Fishkill. Letter [to Gen. 
Nov. 2;^. Ceorge Washington, Newark, New Jersey,] respecting raising and 

moving of troops. Signed: " By order of the Committee of Safety. 
Pierre Van Cortlandt, V. Presdt." 4 pp. F". 

See: New York, Committee of Safety, Report 177fi, Nov. 21-22; and New York, 
Committee of Safety, Arrangement of Officers 1776, Nov. 21. Printed: Force 
Amer. Arch., 5th. Ser., 3, 318. 

177H. Lowry, Stephen and Wharton, Carpenter. Assf. deputy commissary gene rah, 

Nov. 29. Continental army. New Brunswick [New Jersey]. A tabulated 

return of provisions at New Brunswick. Signed: "for Lowry & 

Wharton, Stephen Lowry A. D. C. G." Endorsed by Washington: 

"Return of Provr. at New Brunswick 29th. Novr. 1776." 1 p. Q". 

1776. Trumbull, Jonathan. Governor of Connecticut. Hartford [Connecticut]. 
Nov. 30. Letter to Gen. George Washington [New Brunswick, New Jersey]. 

Promises the hearty support of Connecticut despite Continental 
reverses; states what has already been done. L. S. 2 pp. F". 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch., 5th. Ser., 3, 937. 

1776. Lowry, Stephen. Asst. deputy commissary general, Continental army. Tren- 

Dec. 2. ton, New Jersey. A tabulated statement of "An estimate of the 

Provisions at and Near Trenton, Also the Cattle on the East side 

River Delaware". D. S. Endorsed by Washington: "Return of 

Pro vns. at Trenton 2d. Deer. 1776." 1 p. Q". 

Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 5th. Ser. 3, 10:i4. 

1776. Trumbull, Jonathan. Governor of Connecticut. LeV«non [Connecticut]. 
Dec. 6. Letter to Gen. George Washington "at Head Quarters in tlie 

Jerseys" [Barclay's, Pennsylvania,] respecting military affairs in 
New York and New England. L. S. 1 p. Q". 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 5th Ser. , 3, 1103. 
1776. Trumbull, Jonathan. Governor of Connecticut. Lel)anon [Connecticut]. 
Dec. 7. Letter to Gen. [(xeorge] Washington [Barclay's, Pennsylvania,] 

respecting military affairs. L. S. 3 pp. F". 
I'rinted: Force, Amer. Arch. 5th. Ser., 3, 1111. 
1776. Brarly, Joseph. Capt., brig. gen. William Maxwell's New Jersey regiment. 
Dec. 20. [Camp above Trenton Falls, New Jersey.] Letter to (ien. 

[George] Washington [Camp?] respecting charges for accoutre- 
ments. Signed: "Jos. Brarly, Capt. in behalf of the whole". 
Approved: " \Vm. Maxwell, Brigdr. Genl." 1 p. F". 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 5th Ser., 3, 1316. 
1776. Hart, Jo.>^eph. Col., Berks county, Peymsylvania mililia. [Reading? Penn- 
Dec. 29. sylvania. ] List of names of associators who refused to march to 

Philadelphia, sent to Gen. [George] Washington. Names by com- 
panies; 213 names. A. D. S. 3 pp. F". 
Printed: Force, Amer. Arch. 5th. Ser. 3, 1473. 



134 CALENDAB OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 

[1776.] Clieever, Ezekiel. Commissary of artillery. [Cambridge.] Receipt to 
Gen. [George] Washington for 12 fire locks with bayonets, 12 
cartridge boxes, 13 bayonet belts, 2 bayonets, 4 small cartridge 
boxes, 5 small bags and 2 tin cases of cartridges. A. D. S. 1 p. 8°. 

[1776.] Continental Army. Munitions of war. [Cambridge.] A return 
[to Gen. George Washington] of the number of "spears" in 
entrenchments about Boston. "On Winter Hill 252"; "On 
Ploughed Hill 397"; [in Washington's handwriting:] "Pros- 
pect Hill 373." Endorsed by Washington: "A Return of Spiers 
on Prospect Hill". 1 p. Q". 

[1776.] Hand, Edward. Col., Ut Continental infantry. Return [to Gen. George 
Washington]. Officers of his [Pennsylvania] "battalion"; names 
of staff and field officers; 40 names. Endorsed by Washington: 
"Return Colo. Edwd. Hands Regiment." 1 p. F". 

Names given in index. Above return made out probably in March, 1776 and 
revised later, reaching Washington in June or July. 

[1776.] Massachusetts, [Colony.] Boston. List of cannon at. Size, number 
and places where they are to be found. Endorsed by Washington : 
"Memm. of the Cann. at Boston ". 1 p. Q'\ 

[1777.] Mitchell, William. Deserter from 7 1st light infantry. [Morristown? New 
[.Jan?] Jersey.] Examination. States that British troops at Brunswick 

[New Jersey] are to proceed in six days to New York, then 
to embark for Boston or Philadelphia; heavy baggage sent for- 
ward; 10,000 "fachines" [fascines] have been made; Major Stre- 
ney [Turner Straubenzee?] wounded at Bound Brook; [Maj.] Gen. 
[Francis] Grant's horse shot; gives location of various British 
regiments; flat boats at Brunswick have been forwarded to New 
York. 1 p. F". 

1777. Bisset, James. Prisoner from 71sl infantry. [Morristown? New Jersey.] 
Apr. 16. Examination. 150 men in his [company?]; 80 fit for duty; 

abundance of salt provisions; forage is good; no movement of army 
contemplated; tents remain in New York. Note by examiner: 
"appears very ignorant of almost everything or pretends to be 
so". 1 p. F". 

1777. Driver, Joseph. Prisoner from 33d infantry. [Morristown? New Jersey.] 
Apr. 16. Examination. 59 privates in [company?]; in good condition; 

abundance of salt provisions; no fuel; good forage; 5000 wagons; 
[Maj. Gen. Sir Guy] Carleton and 28,000 foreigners to join the 
British before the campaign opens; Carleton' s army at present is 
"60,000 men and 30,000 Indians"; [Maj. Gen. William] Howe's 
army consists of "50,00 fit for duty". Note by examiner: "most 
extravagant in all his accounts." 1 p. F". 

[1777.] Greene, Xathanael. Maj. gen., Continental army. [Morristown? New Jer- 
[Aj)r.] ^t-y-] Plan of attack on Brunswick [New Jersey]. Feints to be 

made by [Brig.] Gen [William] Maxwell at Amboy and Bonum 
Town; movements at Piscataway and "the Landing" by [Maj.] 
Gen. [Adam] Steven [Stephen] ; main attack to be on Brunswick 
in three divisions commanded by [^laj.] Gens. Greene, [Benja- 



CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 



135 



[1777.] Greene, Xathanael — Continued. 

[Apr.] min] Lincoln with the Bound Brook division, and [Israel] Putnam 

w ith the Princeton division; three to attack at same time; redoubts 
to be avoided ; boats at Newark and Elizabeth to be made ready as 
if to attack Staten Island; troops to move tomorrow mornmg and 
attack made the day after; number of cannon to go with each 
attacking party; 2000 men as a reserve corps would insure suc- 
cess; troops are young and need discipUne; if repulsed can retire 
without serious loss into the country; is willing to lead a division; 
will not recnnmiend this i)lan warndy if council of war decides 
against it. A. D. S. Endor.^e<l by Washington: "Plan of attack 
upon Brunswick Apl. 1777." ;^ pp. F". 

1777. Burn, David. Deserter from Browne's Rangers. [^Ii<ldlebrook, New Jer- 
June 6. •'^ey.] Examination. 47 men in his company originally; 37 at 

present; of these, 10 are on Long Island; other companies are 
stronger; Welsh Fusileers are at Amboy; expect to start for 
Philadelphia in two weeks; reported in New York that French 
troops are coming to Canada; estimates [Col. Oliver] DeLancey's 
brigade at 900; French troops are to go to the West Indies also; 
Jacob Creamer [of Browne's corps] agrees with above; provisions 
are salt and bad. 1 p. F°. 

1777. Hansbury, Frederick. Deserter from 5oth infantry. [Middlebrook, New 
June H. Jersey.] Examination. 30 i^rivates in company; 22 fit for 

duty; other companies average the same; joined regiment with 
300 recruits from Portsmouth in April; provisions abundant but 
bad; troops leave soon for Philadelphia by water; foreign troops 
much dissatisfied and eager to desert; expected to have served on 
garrison duty in England. 1 p. F°. 

1777. Willis, Enoch. Deserter from British army f [Middlebrook, New Jersey.] 
June 7. Examination. Left New York on 5th inst. ; at least 50 vessels being 

prepared for horses; many others for men; some already loaded 
have dropped down the river; reenforcement of 20,000 Hessians; 
movement is for Philadelphia; citizens of New York pressed into 
service; ships to carry fiatboats and pontoons. 1 p. F°. 

1777. Harrison, Richard. Deserter from 37th infantry. [Middlebr(jok, New 
June 7 Jersey.] Examination. 42 men in his company; 20 lit for duty; 

is an average company; location of British troops; number of 
troops at Amboy, Bonum Town and other places; in all 6000 light 
infantry; are in fair health; on 5th [June] ordered to be ready 
for immediate eml)arkation; destination is New Englaml or South 
Carolina; number and location of guards. 2 pp. F°. 

1777. Eng-lish, Robert. Deserter from 17th. light dragoons. [Middlebrook, New 
June 7. Jersey.] Examination. Recruits have just arrived from Eng- 

land; 265 wagons have lately come to Amboy; 3000 [troops] 
ordered to Spangtown [Spanktown, N. J.]; troops ordered to be 
ready to embark; ships have been fitted uj) for horses; heavy 
baggage hasgone; is "talk of pushingto Philadelphia." 1 p. F°. 

1777. Lowen, John. Deserter from Hessinnyiujers. [Middlebrook, New Jersey.] 
June 7. Examination. Four battalions of Hessians at Brunswick; "hears 

that they intended to move in eight days by water" ; "heard there 
are some recruits come in." 1 p. F°. 



136 CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 

1777. Bowman, Thomas. Deserter froin Br itisli army ^ [Middlebrook, New Jer- 
[June 8?] sey.] Examination. Left Bristol [England] March 15th; 5000 

troops are coming to America; no more foreigners; 50 light horse 
landed [at New York] Tuesday [June 3d] ; 5 regiments embarked 
Thursday [5th] ; a vessel is being prepared for artillery; [British] 
intend putting [Maj.] Gen. [Charles] Lee on board ship; many 
transiDorts being prepared; two regiments to be left at New York; 
four American deserters said that Washington had but 5000 trooj^s; 
"Col. [ ] shook his head and put them all to prison " ; [Abel?] 
Hatfield, of Elizabeth, says [Maj.] Gen. [William] Howe is at 
Amboy; "that they intend to move today or tomorrow." 
1 p. F°. 

1777. Rocatelle, Floberque de la. Late engineer in chief, chevalier of the Royal 
Aug. 5. Military Order of St. Louis. Toul [France]. Letter to Gen. 

[George] Washington [Schuylkill Falls, Pennsylvania]. Inter- 
est in America prompts him to send accompanying memorial; it 
will show how to avoid multiplicity of army officers; bad condi- 
tion of Army of France because of this fault; illustrations given; 
advises that foreigners be kept distinct from American service; 
America should provide for the training of her own officers; his 
own qualifications as instructor of artillery service; experience; 
ability of men whom he has trained; if desired he will send to 
America others of same grade; communications may be sent to 
[Benjamin] Franklin or to address given. A. L. S. 3 pp. F". 

In French. See: Rocatelle, Floberque de la, Memorial to George Washing- 
ton 1777, Aug. 5. 

1777. [Rocatelle, Floberque de la.] Late engineer in chief, chevalier of the Royal 
Aug. 5. Military Order of St. Louis. [Toul, France.] Memorial to Gen. 

[George] Washington [Schuylkill Falls, Pennsylvania]. Evils 
of an excessive number of ofiicers in the organization of an army; 
French army an illustration; plan for organizing the department 
of artillery and engineering; (1) regiment of experts in these 
branches to be formed; of this regiment one corps to be a bureau 
of construction and repair; (2) the other to consist of experts in 
offensive operations; (3) such an organization essential to give 
military instruction in peace and efficient leadership in war; (4) 
it should be able to furnish detachments, to plan routes of march, 
make maps, repair forts, etc., in any campaign; (5) importance 
of such work in America; (6) only such few foreigners as are nec- 
essary to inaugurate the movement should be allowed in this 
branch of the service; (7) a school for such instruction should be 
opened; Congress to select young men 16 or 18 years old for 
admittance; outline of course; (8) to decrease expense only half 
of regiment need serve each year; (9) all should have experimen- 
tal knowledge of conditions in each state [" province"] ; (10) note 
to be kept of work done by each man under direction of super- 
Adsing board; (11) necessity of fortifications and of familiarity with 
local conditions; necessity of having well trained men; plan given 
will secure both, simply and cheaply. A. D. 6 pp. F". 

In French. Enclosed in Rocatelle, Floberque de la, Letter to George Wash- 
ington 1777, Aug. 5. 



CALENDAK OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 137 

1777. Ho'we, Ko]:)ert. Maj. gen., Continental army. "Charles Town, So. Caro- 
Nov. 2. lina." Letter [to Gen. George Washington, White Marsh, Penn- 

sylvania]. Long intended writing but was loth to trouble him; 
neither zeal nor effort for America, though exerted to detriment 
of [Howe's] fortune has kept him in the mind of Congress; has 
been sujierseded twice; asks pardon for expecting Washington's 
interposition for him; mortifications experienced at some of the 
promotions; has never thought of resigning while America's lil)- 
erties were involved; being remote from the scene of action 
thouglit he had been overlooked and not intentionally neglected; 
younger officers have again been set over him; wrote to [John] 
Hancock on the subject; encloses copy of letter; believes no part 
of it has been communicated to Congress; doubts if it will be; 
promotion his least idea in entering the army, but did not expect 
inferiors in rank to l)e placed over him; begs Washington's aid to 
prevent a recurrence of this; wishes restoration of his rank; if 
unobtainable, then wishes Congress to place him in a rank "supe- 
rior to that of a Brigadier" as such would be his only security 
against l)eing superseded again; only wishes this if it is deserved; 
does not wish this letter to be mentioned. L. S. 4 pp. Q". 

1777. Howe, Robert. Maj. gen., Continental army. " Charles Town, So. Caro- 
Nov. 3. Una." Letter to Gen. [George] Washington [White Marsh, Penn- 

sylvania]. Temper of Creek Indians from exertions of [George] 
Galphin and liberality of this state promises peace; fears British 
emissaries rousing them; employed spies to ascertain their fight- 
ing force; the different tribes combined can bring into the field 
18,200 men; importance of their friendship; South Carolina and 
Georgia battalions much reduced; North Carolina and Virginia, 
states from which men could be drawn-, refuse to permit their offi- 
cers to recruit; recommendation of Congress would cause the 
removal of this restriction; l)egs Washington's influence in this 
direction. L. S. 3 pp. (.1". 

Printed in part: White, Historical Collections of Georgia, p. 247. 

1777. Philadelphia. British Forces at. Secret information [sent to Gen. George 
Nov. 17. Washington, Whitemarsh, Pennsylvania]. Evacuation of Fort 

Mitflin has encouraged tories; jjatriots still hope for ultimate suc- 
cess; enemy have 6000 effective men; 4000 under [Maj. Gen. 
Charles, Earl] " Corn Wallace " went to capture Red Bank last 
night; Hessians to be sent to New York in exchange for English 
troops; reenforcement of 4000 men from New York expected; 
scarcity and price of provisions increasing daily; [American] 
prisoners suffering greatly; American wounded are improving; 
city would fall if attacked promptly; arrival of [Britisli] fleet 
will greatly increase city's defence. 2 pp. F". 

[1777.] Sullivan, John. Maj. gen., Continental army. White ]\larsh, I'ennsyl- 
Dec. [10?] vania. Letter to Gen. George Washington [Whitemarsh]. 

Decision of officers as to order of march from White Marsh; posi- 
tion of regiments; time and order of march; route of l)aggage 
and artillery; com^j^osition and place of artilicers, scouting and 
flanking parties; engineering party to repair ))ridges in advance; 



138 CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 

[1777.] Sullivan, John — Continued. 

Dec. [10?] manreuvre.s of different regiments described; manner and order 

of crossing the Schuylkill; disposition of "the Horse"; time of 
march. Signed: "Jno Sullivan in behalf of the whole". En- 
dorsed by Washington: "Order of March from Whitemarsh, Dec. 
1777". 4 pp. F". 

[1777.] Bland, Theodorick. Col., IM Continental dragoons. "Jonathan Robert- 
[Dec. 11?] sons Smiths shop near the Road which leads down to Bedwins 

ford". [Schuylkill river, above Philadelphia.] Letter to Gen. 
[George] Washington [on the march from W^hite Marsh?]. Has 
detached Lt. Col. [Benjamin] Temple with small party from 
"Matsons" [ford] to Lancaster road; will join [Bland] at 
"^larian Meeting" [house] ; Major [John] Jameson to fall in with 
right of enemy; is himself moving towards ^lariau and the ferries; 
has heard smart firing in direction of Buck tavern, same place 
where it began yestenlay; enemy still on the ground; expects 
information soon concerning 'their number, reinforcement and 
destination; can consider it certain that a foraging party of about 
9000 is encamped near Bucks; reports state it has gone to Phila- 
delphia or Lancaster; neither report to be depended upon; Capt. 
[ ] Call reports main body of enemy gone toward Darby; 
small body of Hessians left at Bucks. A. L. S. Endorsed by 
Washington: "Colonel Bland". 3 pp. Q" 

1777. Hopkinson, Francis and Wharton, John. Members of Continental navy 
Dec. 30. board, middle district. "Borden Town" [New Jersey]. Letter 

to Gen. [George] Washington [Valley Forge]. Send a few fish 
for "your Excellency's Table"; experiment recommended has 
been tried; success is unknown; advanced to Col. [Asa?] Worth- 
ington §200; has no doubt that expenditure will V)e approved. 
A.L. S. 2 pp. Q". 

[1777.] Continental Army, Cattle for. [White Marsh, Pennsylvania.] Return 
[Dec?] of cattle and sheep received from [Robert?] Morris and [Asa] 

Worthington. Number and apportionment to 15 [commissaries]. 

Endorsed: "Return of cattle taken on the Lines per Order of His 

Excellency Geul. Washington". 1 p. F". 
Names given in index. 

177S. Knox, Henry. Brig. gen. of artiUert/, ContinenUd armg. [Valley Forge, 
Jan. 3. Pennsylvania.] Return [to Gen. George Washington, Valley 

Forge]. Number of horses necessary for artillery for the cam- 
paign of 1778; for 106 field pieces, 424 horses; 53 ammmiition 
wagons, 265 horses; 60 extra ammunition wagons, 360 horses; 
return includes any horses in possession of artillery at opening of 
campaign; excludes "what will be occasionally wanted for the 
Batteries Cannon". L. S. 1 p. Q". 
In handwriting of Maj. Samuel Shaw. 

1778. Gist, Nathaniel. Col., additional Continental regiment of rangers. [Valley 
Jan. 9. Forge, Pennsylvania.] A tabulated return [to General George 

Washington, Valley Forge]. Condition of four companies of his 
regiment commanded by- Captains [Samuel] Lapsley, John Gist, 
[Joseph] Smith, and [ ] Viven. A. D. S. Endorsed by 
Washington: "Colo. Nathanl. Gists return 9th. Jan. 1778." 
1 p. F". 



CALENDAE OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 139 

1778. Pickering, Timothy. Adj. yen., Continental aniii/. [Valley Forge, Penn- 
Jan. 10. pylvania.] Return made [to Gen. George Washington, Valley 

Forge]. Number of tailors in 16 brigades of the Continental 
army; names of Brigadiers commanding: [Peter] Muhlenburg, 
[George] Weeden, [William] Woodford, [Charles] Scott, [Wil- 
liam] ^laxwell, [Thomas] Conway, [Enoch] Poor, [John] Glover, 
[Elienezer] Learned, [Samuel?] Patterson and [James Mitchell] 
Varnnm. D. S. Endorsed ])y Washington: "A Return of Tay- 
lors 10 Jan. 1778". 1 p. Q". 

[1778?] Continental Army, Forage magazines for. [Valley Forge, Pennsyl- 
[Fel)?] vania.] Reports [submitted to Gen. George Washington]. One 

large magazine is in southwest Connecticut; one near " Fishkills," 
New York; one near " Mendhem " [Mendham], New Jersey; one 
small magazine at "Easter" [Easton], Pennsylvania; one large 
one at Reading, Pennsylvania; one at Lancaster, Pennsylvania; 
one small one at French creek, "21 miles from Philadelphia". 
Endorsed by Washington: "Acct of magazines & where to be 
established". 1 p. 8°. 

1778. Forman, David. Brig, gen., Nev) Jersey inilitia. " Camj) Valley Forge" 
Mar. 28. [Pennsylvania]. Letter to Gen. [George] Washington [Valley 

Forge]. Recommends following ofticers of his regiment: 3Iajor 
William Harrison, Captains John Burrows, William Wikoff, 
Thomas Marsh Forman, John Coombes; 1st Lieutenants: Gilbert 
Imlay, William Holt; 2d Lieut. Robert Pemberton; Ensign AVil- 
liam Schenck; "they will endeavor to deserve any notice yr. 
eccely. may honor them with"; Signed: "David Forman Late 
Col." A. L. S. 1 p. F°. 

Forman's Additional Continental regiment had never been fully organized. 
It was at this time on the point of dissolution, by the incorporation of its 
members into various regiments of the New Jersey line. 

1778. Lee, Charles. Maj. gen., ('<intinnit<il itnini. Valley Forge [Pennsylvania]. 
June 2. Proceedings of a (-(nirt martial in the trial of Thomas Shanks as a 

spy. Court composed of Maj. Gen. Lee, Presdt. ; Maj. Genls. 
[Benedict] Arnold, [William Alexander,] Lord Stirling, [Thomas] 
Mifilin, [Marie Jean Paul Joseph Roche Yves Gilbert du Motier, 
Marquis de] Lafayette, [Frederick William Augustus Henry 
Ferdinand, Baron von] Steuben; Brig. Genls. [Henry] Knox, 
[Enoch] Poor, [James Mitchell] Varnum, [John] Paterson, 
[Anthony] AVayne, [Peter] Muhlenberg, [Jedidiah] Huntington, 
[Louis Lebeque, Chevalier du] Portail; witness William Suther- 
land, British deserter, says prisoner had permission to pass 
British lines; witness Luke Cannon, Ensign, 15th Virginia regi- 
ment, says he found prisoner in a house near his picket; jirisoner 
pretended to be a volunteer from York county; delivered him to 
Col. [Daniel] Morgan; prisoner says he went to Philadelphia 
[May 24th] ; came from thence [May 30th] on pass from [Joseph] 
Galloway, promising to return with information; did not intend 
to return; intended only to visit his lirother at League Island; 
object was to obtain clothing; court by vote of ten to four ilecide 
prisoner guilty; nine to live "that he is a proper subject for exam- 
ple"; eight to six that he should "suffer death by the cord". 
D. S. 3 pp. F». 

Enclosed in Lee, Charles, Opinion of board of (jllieers 1778, June 2. 



140 CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 

1778. Liee, Charles. Maj. gen., Continental army. [Valley Forge, Pennsylvania.] 
June 2. Opinion of the board of officers that examined Thomas Shanks 

[forwarded to Gen. George Washington, Valley Forge, Pennsyl- 
vania]. Board votes ten to four that Shanks is a spy; nine to 
five that he is a proper person for "punishment and example" ; 
' ' eight of the nine are of the Opinion that he ought to suffer Death 
by the Cord". D. S. "Charles Lee President". 1 p. F\ 

[177S.] Wigglesworth, Edward. Col., 13th Massachusetts regiment. [Valley 
[June 10.] Forge, Pennsylvania.] Letter to Gen. [George] Washington 

[Valley Forge]. As president of a board of inquiry convened by 
general orders of June 5th, has examined facts in case of Lt. Col. 
[de Maduit] Duplessis; presence of Col. [John] Green absolutely 
necessary; begs to defer report until Col. Green can be present. 
A. L. S. "Edwd. Wigglesworth Presidt". 1 p. F". 

1778. Clark, Thomas, and others. Field officers of the North Carolina Brigade. 
June 12. "Camp" [Valley Forge, Pennsylvania]. Letter to Gen. [George] 

AVashington [Valley Forge]. The bearer, Abishai Thomas, de- 
sires a commission in company of sappers; served in their brigade 
May 1, 1777-June 10, 1778 as Deputy Quartermaster General; 
behaved ' ' as became an officer and a gentleman ' ' ; consider him 
worthy of desired commission; L. S. T[homas] Clark, John 
Patton, Robert ^Slebane, Selby Harney, John B. Ashe, Hardy 
Murfree. 1 p. F". 

[1778.] Cloug-h, Alexander. Major, 3d Continental dragoon.s. Germantown 
June 18. [Pennsylvania]. Letter to Gen. [George] Washington [Valley 

Forge, Pennsylvania]. Encloses letter from [Robert?] Morris, 
received since [Clough's] last to Washington; has not complied 
with his request; "what he mentions has been confirmed by" 
[many?] ; encloses return of prisoners taken by Capt. [John] 
Heard; they have been delivered to Lt. [ ] Dover of Capt. 
[Allen] McLane's "detatchment " : could get no information from 
them. L. S. 1 p. F". 

1778. Heard, John. Capt., 4fh Continental dragoons. [Valley Forge? Penn- 
June 18. sylvania.] A return [to Gen. George Washington, Valley Forge,] 

of " prisoners and deserters " taken [in Philadelphia]. 27 prison- 
ers, 26 named. 2 pp. F". 
Xames given in index. 

1778. Trumbull, Jonathan. Governor of Connecticut. Lebanon [Connecticut]. 
Aug. 4. Letter to Gen. [George] Washington [White Plains, New York]. 

Encloses resolution of Governor and Council of this State; urges 
})ayment of Brig. Gen. [Gurdon] Saltonstall ))y the United States. 
A. L. S. Endorsed by Washington: "From His Excelln. Govr. 
Trumbull 4th. Augt. 1778". 1 p. Q". 
Printed: Mass. Hist. Soo. ColL.oth. Ser., 10, 121. 

1778. Jones, Juhn Paul. Captain, United States nary. Passy, France. Letter 
Aug. 6. to Gen. [George] Washington [White Plains, New York]. Has 

been induced to resign command of the ship Ranger; at request 
of French Minister of ]\Iarine intends to remain some time in 
Europe; begs [Washington] to accept the two epaulettes accom- 
panying this letter; [Jonathan] Williams has kindly offered to 
forward them; will be glad to do him any service possible in 
France. Autograph Draft. 1 p. Q". Paul Jones Papers. 



CALENDAR <)F WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 141 

1778. Scammell, Alexander. Adj. gen., Continental (irniij. [Fredericksburg, 
Sept. 5. New York.] Return [to Gen. George Washington, AVhite Plains, 

New York]. "Orderly Office" [Fredericksburg?]. Colors ])e- 
longing to the several bi'igades; tifteen brigades and the number 
of colors possessed by each. D. S. Endorsed by Washington: 
"Return of Colours wanting 5th. Septeinr. 1778". Ip. F°. 

1778. McClelan, John and others. Officers of the I'en:n.\ylvania Line. White 
Sept. 15. Plains [New York]. Petition to Gen. George Washington 

[White Plains]. Have been injured by an "unprecedented & 
illegal mode of promoting officers"; "cannot do any duty until 
affair is settled"; officers were to rise regimentally; in late 
arrangements officers have been promoted and drafted "from the 
4th. &c to the 2d., 6th., 9th., & 10th. &c., regiments"; such 
actions are illegal; transferred officers should be withdrawn; 
should wait until vacancies occur; if these promotions have been 
for merit, petitioners pray for court of inquiry to hear their claims. 
A. L. S. 41 signatures. 3 jip. F". 
Names given in index. 

[1778.] Lesley, Joseph. Deserter from. Lord William Schau^ CatlwarV >^ legion. [Fred- 
Oct. 81. ericksburg? New York.] Examination. Deserted on Wednes- 

day [28th]; "600 foot & 150 horse this side the bridge" [North 
River]; [Lt. Col. Andreas] Emmerich's, Ix)rd Cathcart's and [Lt. 
Col. John Graves] Simcoe's troops on other side; between bridge 
and Fort Washington "two or three regiments, numbers un- 
known"; two brigades of Hessians between Fort Washington and 
New York; no new barracks at bridge; forage is scarce. 
Brett, George. Deserter from 63d regiment. "63d, 7th, & 26th at & 
near Fort Washington " ; " Hessians on Harlem Plains ' ' ; number 
unknown; "baggage of 68d carried to New York". 1 p. F". 

[1778.] Trech., . Deserter from col. Curl Emil Kurt roii, Ditiiop's corps of yagers. 

[ )ct. 31?] [Fredericksburg? New York.] Examination. Deserted on the 

30th; Yagers are between second and third redoubts; Hessians 
between first and second; " Emerick's" [Lt. Col. Andreas Emmer- 
ich's] corps is between Fort Independence and third redoubt witli 
Pennsylvania Rangers lx?hind them; on tlie other side [of North 
River] the Hessians are supported by English; none but Hessians 
between Fort Washingtion and New York; nearly all Hessians are 
there; one regiment on the Harlem river; "three ships of twenty 
& upward & two small armed vessels" in North River; other ves- 
sels are nearer New York; Gen. " Kniphaussen " [Baron Wil- 
helm von Knyphausen] commands the Hessians. 2 pp. F". 

[177S?] [Stirling, AVilliam Alexander, Lord.] Maj. gen., Continental a nng. [Eliza- 
[Oct. ?] bethtown? New Jersey.] Plan of attack [on Egg Harbor, New 

Jersey]. Vessels required and place where same should be sta- 
tioned; rendezvous of the detachments; general movements 
and manner of return outlined. A. D. Endorsed by Washing- 
ton: "Lord Stirling's plan for disposing the Refugees of Egg har- 
bour". 1 p. Q». 

1778. McNug'h.ton, Peter. Deserter from British arm g. [Fredericksburg? New 
Nov. 8. York.] Examination. Left New York Thursday [5th]; has 

seen 2d battalion, 71st regiment and 4th regiment embark since 
Tuesday [Nov. 3d]. 



142 CALENDAR OF AVASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 

1778. McNughton, Peter — Continued. 

Nov. 8. McNabb, . [Deserter fro7n British Arryiy.] Examination. Was 

in New York Tuesday and "Wednesday [Nov. 3d and 4tli] ; saw 
two battalions 71st regiment embark. 1 p. Q". 

1778. Harmany, Jacob. Deserter from RoijaJ Iligldand Emigrants. Examina- 
Nov. 25. tion. Left Halifax May 1st [1778]; 1000 troops there at the time; 

few fortifications completed but men Avere working industriously; 
description of proposed defences; Sideral Hill, Georges Island, 
and St. Johns River the main points. Note Vjy examiner: "Mar- 
tin Carstithers left Halifax at the same time and confirms the 
other's intelligence." 2 pp. F°. 

1778. Z, Secret agent in New York. Information [sent to Gen. George Washing- 
Dec. 7. ton, Middlebrook, New Jersey]. Since observing movements of 
[British] on Dec. 2d has forwarded intelligence four times; last 
evening [Lt.] Gen. [Sir Henry] Clinton returned to New York 
and his troops encamped on Long Island; provisions are abundant 
except bread and English fleet is hourly expected with flour; the 
ship Bedford of [Vice Admiral John] Byron's fleet has been 
ordered to England; vessels at New York are to remain in New 
Town Creek during winter for fear of fire; large quantities of ])rovi- 
sions are brought in frequently from Shrewsbury [New Jersey] ; 
seven prizes brought in yesterday; is reported that [Maj.] Gen. 
[John] Vaughen [Vaughan] will soon go home. 2 pp. F°. 

1778. Z. Secret agent in Neiv York. Information [sent to Gen. George Washing- 
Dec. 16. ton, Middlebrook, New Jersey]. Fleet of 30 "Jamaica ]\len" 
about to sail under convoy of the ship Emerald; Col. William 
Bayard, Col. [John] Campbell, Major [ ] of the 16th 
Dragoons and " Parson " [ ] Stringer from Philadelphia sail 
for England on the ship Amazon tomorrow; no news of the 
fleets under Maj. Gen. [James] Grant, "Genl." [Col. John] Camp- 
liell and Lt. Col. [Sir Archibald] Campl)ell; first believed to have 
gone to the West Indies, second to Pensacola of which Grant is 
Governor, third to Georgia; 3000 troops on last named expedi- 
tion; Gov. [William] Tryon is in New York; various regiments 
ordered to South and East Hampton [Long Island] ; among others 
the Loyalist legion of [William Schaw, Lord] Cathcart; British 
Army short of bread ; rice is used as a substitute; no probability 
of an evacuation of New York. 2 p]). F". 

1778. Z. Secret agent in Xerv York. Information [sent to Gen. George Wash- 
Dec. 19. ington, Middlebrook, New Jersey]. James Willing and two 
British officers, deserted from Pensacola, captured on their way 
to Philadelphia; escaped in New York; Willing, a connection of 
Lawrence Kortwright, is recaptured; will be held [as hostage] 
for "Dr. called Col. [John] Connelly" [Connolly]; British 
officers mentioned are yet uncaptured; ^Jamaica fleet not yet 
gone; will consist of 40 or 50 sail; some of them armed. 1 p. F". 

1778. McPherson, William?. Lt., 16th infantry, British army. [Middle Brook?] 
Dec. 26. New Jersey. Examination. Number and names of British regi- 

ments in New York; Irish Volunteers are commanded by [Lt. 
Col. Francis,] Lord Rawdon. Endorsed by Washington: "from 
Lt. McPherson." 1 p. F". 
Fragment. 



CALEISTDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 143 

[177S.] [Balme, Mottiu de 1a.] Col. loid iiispector-gencral of caralri/. [Camp?] 
Letter [to Gen. George Washington, Middlebrook, N. J.]. Ex- 
plains the duties of Inspector-General of cavalry; should care for 
accoutrements and discipline of troops; intention is to perfect 
the light horse in those exercises of which the present war de- 
mands a knowledge; purpose in coming to America was to aid 
the cause. A. D. 1 p. F". 

1779. Continental Congress. Resolve. " In Congress " . [Philadelphia.] 
Jan. 9. In regard to raising an additional battalion of 600 men. D. S. 

" Chas. Thomson, Secry." 2 pp. F". 
Printed: Journals of Congress, .Ian. 9, 1779. 

[1779.] New York, [State.] Troops, Officers. Return [to Gen. George Washing- 
[April'.'] ton, Middleljrook, N. J.]. "General Arrangement of the Officers in 

the New York Line from the Colonels to the Captains inclusive"; 
five regiments included in the summary; rank and date of com- 
missions given; of four Colonels, five Lt. Cols., five INIajors, thirty- 
two Captains and eight Lieuts. [names of Lieuts. afterward 
crossed out] ; marginal notes V)y Rol)t. H. Harrison? giving changes 
in rank of certain officers during 1779-80. 2 pp. F". 

1779. Copp, John. Capt., 1st New York regiment. Fort Stanwix [New York]. 
May 16. Letter to Gen. [George] Washington [Middlebrook, New Jer- 

sey]. Acted in Continental service as subaltern until April 16, 
1776; appointed a Captain of Col. John Nicholson's regiment in 
Canada; transferred shortly by Provincial Congress to Col. Goose 
Van Schaick's regiment; senior in rank to Capt. [Benjamin] 
Hicks and [John H.] Wendell; in late arrangement they rank 
him; asks that this l)e rectified. A. L. S. Endorsed by Ro])t. 
H. Harrison with memorandum of reply from Col. Van Schaick: 
Hicks and Wendell held commissions in the Continental service 
of earlier date than Copp's. 2 pp. Q". 

1779. Continental Congress, Marine Committee. [Philadelphia.] Letter 
May 26. to Gen. George Washington []\Iiddlebrook, New Jersey]. Has 

considered his letters of May 17th and 25th; regrets that American 
frigates are not available for the purpose mentioned [protection 
of Convention troops]; location of various vessels; danger of 
being overpowered by British ships; gives assurances of aid when- 
ever possible. "S. Adams Chr." Marine Committee Letter Book. 

1779. [Cox, James?] Col., New Jermj niiUtia. and Patterson, Samuel. Col, 
[May-June?] Delawure detachment of flying camp and hrig. yen., Ihianare iniiitia. 
Answers to nineteen questions propounded l)y Gen. George Wash- 
ington. Information sought in "order that every useful and nec- 
essary knowledge may be obtained in case circum- 
stances will admit an expedition against the hostile tribes 

of the six nati(jns". The Cayuga, Oswego and Shenango l)ranches 
lead into the principal Indian settlements; from UKjuth of Cayuga 
to Shanmng [Chemung] is 18 miles; mentions the different tribes 
that have settlements from thereon up; batteaux can go from Es- 
thertown to Chenango from breaking up of the Susquehannah to 
June 1st.; boats should be larger than those used on the ]\Iohawk 
river; artillery nmst go by water from Esthertown to Chenango; 



14-4 CALENDAK OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 

1779. Cox, James? — Continued. 
[May-June?] navigation is best between Marcli 1st, and middle of May; proper 

places for magazines are Sunbury, "Wioming," Wialusing and 
Tioga; north-east branch of the Susquehannah is navigable for 2 
or 3 ton boats to Ononquage; distance from Augusta to Chenango 
is 195 miles; river has l>een navigated by canoes and boats for 
years, but batteaumen are scarce; navigation above Easton is 
bad, in some places between the upper Minisink and Cuscheton 
Falls, but navigable up to Cook house which is 12 miles by the 
old Indian path from Ononquage; from Easton to mouth of the 
Mohocomac is 70 miles by land and 75 by water; road antl navi- 
gation are both safe and good; distance from Popaxtunk branch 
to Mohocomac is 65 nules by either land or water; road is fair 
but very difficult in some places; from Mohawk branch at Cook 
house to Ononquage is 12 miles, with a good pack-horse road; 
country is rough and woody; from Cook house to Ononquage direc- 
tion is nearly north; Col. [Robert Lettis] Hooper [jr.], supposes 
it to be 100 miles from New Windsor to Mohocomac; road is pretty 
good; there is no wagon road from Kingston to Popaxton branch; 
does not know the distance; from Easton to Ponno-gap is 67 
miles; there is only a foot path for packhorses; country has been 
depopulated by the savages from Mohocomac on; from Augusta 
for 20 miles it is thinly settled; grass is plentiful after May 1st; 
nearest way from Augusta to the Allegheny is up the west branch 
of the Susquehannah and across to Kittaning; the best way is up 
the Juniata to canoe place and thence across. A. D. 4 pp. F°. 
QUL'stions and uiiswers are arranged in parallel eolumn.s. 

1779. [Hand, Edward.] Briy. (jch. ( 'ontineutal army . Answers to nineteen ques- 
[May-June?] tions propouniled by Gen. George Washington. Information 

sought in "order that every useful and necessary knowledge 
may be obtained .... in case circumstances will admit 
. . . . an exi)edition against the hostile Tribes of the six 
nations ..." Tioga branch of the Susquehannah leads 
into the settlements of the Six Nations; gives distances of 
various settlements from mouth of this branch; does not know 
names of the tribes inhabiting same; the Tioga navigable to 
Chemung; navigation best in April and May; forage can be had 
by May 1st. ; magazines of stores should be at Fort Augusta 
and mouth of the; Mohocomac; Susquehannah is navigable from 
Fort Augusta to Lake Otsago; distance from Fort Augusta to 
mouth of the Tioga is 160 miles; are but few boatmen on the river 
above Augusta; the Delaware is navigable for 66 miles above Easton 
for batteaux and 148 for canoes; does not know distance from 
Easton to mouth of Mohocomac by water; by land it is 66 miles; 
road is generally good; the river is very rapid in many places; 
distance from Mohocomac to the Popaxtunk branch about equal 
by land or water; road is rough and current of stream very 
rapid for 23 miles; distance from Coocoose to Ononquage is 
12 miles and there is a pretty good wagon road; "Onaquage" is 60 
miles by land from [mouth of the Tioga] ; distance from New 
Windsor to mouth of Mohocomac is 40 miles and 12 of these 
very bad; this place known variously as the mouth of the Moho- 
comac, the Neversink and the York Line; distance from hence 



CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 145 

1779. Hand, Edward— Continued. 
[May-June?] to Kingston i.s about 60 niiless; to go to Popaxtunk by way 

of Pakitat'king cuts off 25 to 30 miles; distance from Easton 
to Wyoming is about 70 miles; road is bad and country mountain- 
ous and swampy; country above Easton on the Delaware and 
Fort Augusta on the Susquehannah is sparsely settled; small 
quantity of forage can be obtained at Wyoming; cannot satisfac- 
torily answer concerning distances and topography of country 
in vicinity of Allegheny branch and Kittaning; Captains James 
and William Wilson have both traversed this region; John Hart 
also is well actjuainted with it; John Lord states that the Indians 
came in loaded canoes down to middle fork of Tioga from the 
dividing ridge between Tioga and (Jenesio; country will admit of 
artillery going by land from Minisink to Tioga; horses and cattle 
can be supported on the Delaware by middle of May; thinks this 
is also true of the Susquehannah. A. D. 7 pp. F". 
Questions and answers are given in purallcl columns. 

1779. [Stewart, Charles.] Col. and commissary general of Issues. Answers to six- 
[May-Junc?] teen questions [propounded by Gen. George Washington. Infor- 

mation sought in order to obtain useful and necessary knowledge 
to carry on an expedition against the Six Nations]. The Indi- 
ans have come through the Seneca country on the Cayuga branch; 
has heard of a strong party at forks of the Cayuga and East 
Branch; does not know the distance from mouth of the Cayuga 
to Indian settlement; gives names of tribes of Indians inhabiting 
these regions; has heard that navigation of west branch "is very 
gentle"; for further explanation refers to answer of Governor 
[Joseph] Reed; batteaux and whale boats have been used in 
navigating this branch; best mode of transporting artillery is by 
water; river is highest from April to June; grass is plenty from 
the disappearance of snow; magazines should beat Sunbury and 
Wieming [Wyoming] ; East branch is navigable for batteaux and 
canoes; distance from Sunbury to Cayuga is 160 miles; boats called 
"Durham boats" were used on the river; in 1768 went from the 
^Delaware along a pack-horse path ; has heard that carts have been 
used over a road made by New Englanders; the Delaware is nav- 
igable as far as Cook house, 13 miles from "Ononoughuage"; dis- 
tance from Easton to mouth of Mohocomac is about 75 miles, 
either by land or water; road is pretty good and the navigation 
after passing falls at Hoope's Mill is good; distance between 
Mohocomac and Popaxtunk is about 60 miles; road is bad but 
believes navigation to be good; distancf from Popaxtunk to 
" Ononoughguages " on the .Susquehannah is about 25 miles; 
country hilly; has forgotten the distance from Ononoughguages to 
the settlement of the Six Nations; believes it is 70 or 80 miles; is 
unacquainted with the country between New Windsor and the 
mouth of the Mohocomac; believes there is a road open from 
Cusheton to North River but thinks the road from Mockhack- 
amac [Mohocomac] is much the best; cannot answer as to dis- 
tance from Kingston to mouth of Popaxtunk with any degree of 
certainty; Governor [Joseph] Reed c;an give account of the navi- 
gation and roads to the Allegheny; if [William] Scull "was here" 

10108—01 10 



140 CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 

1770. Stewart, Charles — Continued. 
[]Ma\--June?] could furnish field notes of East branch of Delaware as far as he 

measured it. A. D. 3 pp. F". 

Questions not given. Further material relative to this expedition will be 
found in the first division of this calendar. See: Washington, George, Sixteen 
questions 1779, May-June. Washington, George, A summary of intelli- 
gence 1779, May-June. 

1779. Scudder, WilUam. Lieut.., IM, New York regiment. Albany, [New York]. 
June 13. Letter to [Gen.] George Washington [Smith's Clove, New York]. 

Wrote [Brig.] Gen. [James] Clinton from Fort Schuyler a few 
days after new arrangement of Col. [Goose] Van Schaick's regi- 
ment of his being superseded by Lt. Abraham Haixlenbergh ; 
letter was intercepted; was appointed Ensign in 1776 and recruited 
64 men; Hardenberg was appointed afterwards to fill a vacancy; 
ranks him in state roll; cannot serve if he is to be superseded; was 
with Major [Benjamin] Ledyard during previous summer. A. 
L. S. with note by Robert H. Harrison: "In Van Schiack's 
Arrangement — Scudder is before Hardenberg". 1 j). F". 

1779. Clinton, James. Brig, gen., Continental army. Albany [New Y''ork]. 
June 14. Certificate [to Gen. George Washington, Smith's Clove, N. Y.]. 

Certifies that Capt. John Graham, 1st New York regiment, is 
oldest Capt. in the New Y^ork line; is entitled to a "majority" 
by resignation of Major [Benjamin] Ledyard; was appointed 
Major in brigade orders at All)any, June 4th on Col. [Goose] Van 
Schaick taking command during [Clinton's] absence. A. D. S. 

1 p- Q". 

1779. Eyre, Benjamin G. Major and supt., boat department. " Return [to Gen. 
July L George AVashington, New Windsor, New York], of the Schooners, 

Boata &c in the Boat-department." Tabular statement of loca- 
tion and number of boats available as transports. "For Head 
Quarters" A. D. S. 2 pji. F°. 

1779. Scamniell, Alexander. Adj. gen., Continental army. [White Plains, New 
Aug. 28. York.] State of the Continental troops under command of Gen. 

[George] Washington. Tabular statement of the condition of 
the entire army; brigades commanded by Brig. Genls. [William] 
Woodford, [Peter] Muhlenberg, [William] Smallwood, [Nathan- 
iel] Gist, [William] Irvine, [John] Paterson, [Samuel Holden] 
parsons, [Jedidiah] Huntington, [John] Nixon, [John] Glover, 
the 2d Pennsylvania, 4th Massachusetts and North Carolina bri- 
gades. D. S. Endorsed by Washington: "Weekly return 28th 
Aug. — 79." 1 p. 17 X 22^ inches. 

1779. Continental Congress, Marine Committee. [Philadelphia.] Letter to 
Sept. 28. Gen. [George] Washington [West Point, New Y^ork]. Encloses 

copy of a letter from the Commitiee to the Commissioners of the 
Navy Board at Boston. Marine Committee Letter Book. 
Copy of letter mentioned is in the Letter Book. 

1779. Scammel, Alexander. Adj. gen., Continental army. [West Point, New 
Oct. 18. Y'ork.] Letter [to Gen. George Washington, Fredericksburg, 

N. Y'.]. Has inquired as directed into cause of deficiency of arms 
for brigades; in 1st Pennsylvania and 2d Maryland it is owing to 
deserters and recruits; conductors of the Maryland line have been 
left at New Windsor [New Y^ork] ; has received no answers from 
right and left divisions in reph* to letters sent. A. L. S. 1 p. F°. 



CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 147 

1779. Bayley, Jacob. Brig- gen., New York militia. Newbury [Vermont]. 
Oct. 19. Instructions to Lieut. John Goulet. Is to take two men and pro- 

ceed to Canada; capture some British soldier; deliver him to 
[Bayley] or the commanding officer at Upper Coos [New Hamp- 
shire] ; is to kill no person except in self defence and to avoid 
disturbing the people. A. L. S. 1 p. Q". 

Enckised in (ioulet, Jean, Petition to George Washington, 17S1, .Jan. 

1779. Continental Congress, Achniraltj' Board. [Philadelphia.] Letter to 
Nov. 10. Gen. [George] Washington [West Point, New York]. Circum- 
stances render it necessary that the three frigates ordered to South 
Carolina should sail at once. Marine Committee Letter Book. 

[1779.] New York, Britisli Forces at. [New York.] Secret information [sent to 
[Dec] Gen. George Washington, Morristown, New Jersey]. Men-of- 

war in harbor: liussell, Capt. [Sir Francis Samuel] Drake; Robust 
[Capt. Phillips Cosby]; Raisonahle [Capt. Lord Hervey]; Defy- 
ance, Capt. [John?] Jacobs; Europa, [Vice] Admiral [Marriot] 
Arbuthnot; Renmm [Capt. J. Henry?]; Roebuck, [Capt.] Sir 
Andrew Hammond; Romulus, Capt. [G.] Gayton; Rainbow [Capt. 
H. Trollope?] ; Thames [Capt. ] ; Perseus, Capt. [George Keith] 
Elphingston; ships are to convoy expedition of 8000 men under 
Sir Henry [Clinton] and [Charles, Earl] Cornwallis; 5000 go to 
Virginia; 3000 to " Charlestown " [South Carolina]; if Charles- 
ton falls Sir Henry [Clinton] will go "home"; troops are the 
best in the service; regiments are the 7th., 23d., 33d., 42d., 54th., 
57th., Queens Rangers [Loyalists], the dismounted legion, Hes- 
sian Grenadiers, "some British grenadiers & light infantry"; 
"Capt. [Major Patrick] Furguson " with 300 men from "New 
Cores to act as flanking companies"; "Gen. [Brig. Gen. 
Cortlandt] Skinner I believe will command on Staten Island". 
2 pp. F°. 

1780. Continental Congress, Admiralty Board. [Philadelphia.] Letter to 
Feb. 15. Gen. [George] Washington [Morristown, New Jersey]. Recent 

complaints made by marine prisoners is the reason for requesting 
his interference; have written Col. [John] Beatty concerning 
them; wish to do everything in their power to alleviate the condi- 
tion of these j^risoners; requests him to issue orders to the Com- 
missary General [Beatty] for this purpose. Marine Committee 
Letter Book. 

1780. Continental Congress, Admiralty Board. [Philadel]ihia.] Letter to 
Mar. 23. Gen. [George] Washington [^Morristown, New Jersey]. Has 

received his letter of [March] 15th. concerning the proposed naval 
expedition under Maj. Gen. [Benedict] Arnold; had doubted the 
possibility of su^i plying an adequate naval force; troops also being 
unavailable the whole matter has been dropped. "Francis Lewis 
Chr." Marine Committee Letter Book. 
Letter "of the 15th." printed: Spark.s, Writings of Washington. G,484. 

1780. Continental Congress, Admiralty Board. [PhiLtdelphia.] Letter to 
May 6. Gen. [(ieorge] Washington [Morristown, New Jersey]. By direc- 

tion of Congress sends him two pipes of best "Maderia Wine"; 
encloses wagon master's receipt for same ; asks if the two pij^es sent 
him at Egg Harbor have been received. "F. Lewis Chairman" 
Marine Committee Letter Book. 



148 CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 

1780. DeWitt, Thomas. Capt., 3d Xew York regiment. "Camp near Morris- 
Jan. 4. town " [New Jersey.] Letter to [Gen.] George Washington 

[Morristown]. Entered the service early in 1775; has been, 
superseded in rank as enclosed [paper] will show; has been 
referred by the Board of War [Richard Peters, Maj. Gen. Wil- 
liam Heath? and Col. William Grayson?] to [Washington]; if he 
cannot be granted justice, begs for " dismission " from the army. 
A. L. S. 1 p. F". 

1780. Flower, Benjamin. CoL, artUleri/ and artificers regiment. [Morristown? 

[Jan.] New Jersey.] A tabular return to Gen. [George] Washington 

[Morristown]. Statement from muster rolls for January 1780 of 
that portion of the regiment enlisted in and belonging to Penn- 
sylvania; gives dates at which terms of service of men in regi- 
ment expire; particular returns given for Capt. [Isaac] Coren's 
company of artillery and Capt. Niehol's [Capt. Noah Nicholas's] 
formerly Capt. [Jesse] Roe's company of artillery and artificers. 
D. S. 1 p. 32J X 5f inches. 

1780. Flower, Benjamin. CoL, artillery and artificers regiment. [Philadelphia?] 
Feb. 22. Return to Gen. [George] Washington [Morristown, New Jersey]. 

Tabular statement by companies of that portion of the regi- 
ment raised in Pennsylvania; officers given: Captains I[saac] 
Coren, Nichol [Noah Nicholas], J [esse] Roe, N[athaniel] Irish, 
T[homas] Whiley [Wylie], J[ohn] Jordan, T[heophilus] Parke, 
Lt. H[enry] Greer; six of Roe's company have been doing 
department duty; Richard Thornhill by consent of [Thomas] 
McKean, Chief Justice [of Pennsylvania] has left his employ- 
ment. A. D. S. 1 p. F". 

1780. Culper, Samuel. Secret agent near New York. Setauket [New York]. 
Feb. 27. Letter to John Bolton. Returned from New York last night; met 

several "good friends" there; late news sent by Col. [Nathaniel?] 
Ramsey; December mail came on Saturday [Dec. 26th]; contin- 
uance of war indicated; spirits of enemy are high; the ship 
Loyalist is about to sail in search of [Lt.] Gen. [Sir Henry] 
Clinton; ship just in from Jamaica; large fleet with dry goods etc. 
"dayly" expected from "Urope"; also merchantmen from other 
quarters; [American] prisoners have suffered much ; hospital ship 
burned Thursday [24th]; from 30 to 50 have perished; location 
of British troops on Long Island; "725" [Caleb Brewster] has^ 
given him two sails and twenty "gives" [blocks and tackle?]; 
they will be forwarded. A. L. S. 3 pp. F°. 

1780. [Culper, Samuel jr.] Secret agent in New York. New York. [Letter to 
[Mar. 3.] John Bolton.] This letter was written with invisible ink and is 

illegible; over it is written a poem of five verses, entitled "The 
Lady's Dress. A Receipt"; poem signed: "S. B." 2 pp. F°. 

[1780.] Culper, Samuel jr. Secret agent in Nev: York. New York. Letter to 

[^lar. 10.] John Bolton. This letter was originally written with invisible 

ink and is now illegible. A. L. S. 3 pp. Q". 

1780. Culper, Samuel. Secret agent near Ne^v York. Setauket [New York]. 

:Mar. 11-13. Letter [to John Bolton?]. Came to New York Dec. 26th; intended 

to have written before; explanations; does not undei-stand wh\^ 

his report was not forwarded; care is necessary, for war will not 



CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS 149 

1780. Culper, Samuel — Continued. 
Mar. 11-13. l)e over for a long time; no method of shortening route letters 

take; "Heathcout Muirson " [Ameriean ?])>•] i.s in New York; ap- 
pears loyal to America; wishes to see [Bolton]; danger threatens; 
desires him to come no farther than [Caleb Brewster?] tells him; 
lias sent news by Col. [Nathaniel] Kamsey to [Gen. Washing- 
' ton]; no prospect of peace; only two [British] regiments are in 

New York; most of troops are guarding outposts; enemy has vis- 
ited them [Americans in New York] several times; [Americans] 
are almost helpless from lack of forage, grain and beans; 300 de- 
serters have come to New York during the winter; all for lack of 
money; 97 [American] prisonei's taken at "Youngs House" [Feb. 
3, 1780]; [Austin Roe] returned from [New York] last night with 
blanks [letters written with invisible ink] for [Gen. Washing- 
ton] ; encloses them with [New York] papers; papers say " Wood- 
berry of Conn." burned the prison ship; nothing heard from 
Sir H[enry] Clinton; reported that debates [in Parliament] are 
fiercer; duels are being fought; Scotland ready to take vengeance 
on the Ministry; has some "saltpeter" he desires to sell for "hard 
money"; enemy have demanded 1000 cords of wood from "South 
Town" [Long Island]; all wood near by to be cut for them; 
fears 2000 men will be placed in [Setauket] and communication 
cut off; " C [alel)] Brewster must come on the 25 instant. ' ' A. L. S. 
6 pp. Q°. 

1780. Culper, Sanmel. Secret agent near Xeiv York. Setauket [New York], 
^hir. 13. Letter to "721" [John Bolton]. Encloses blank from 723 

[Samuel Culper jr.] with newspapers; English papers report 
that debates in Parliament are increasing in violence; position of 
Lord Littleton, [William Henry, Baron Lyttelton] and Lord 
Charles Gordon; expects copies of late English papers on 24th. 
A.L.S. "722" [Culper]. 1 p. Q". 

[1780.] Culper, Samuel jr. Secret agent in Xeiv York. Letter to John Bolton. 
:\iar. 28. This letter was written with invisible ink and is now illegible. 

A. L. S. 1 p. Q". 

[1780.] Scammel, Alexander. Col. and adj. gen., Continental arvig. [New Wind- 
[Mar.] sor? New York.] A tabular return [to Gen. George Washington, 

New Winsor]. Re-enlisted men of 1st and 2d Maryland bri- 
gades; of brigades of [Brig. Gen. Peter] Muhlenberg and [Brig. 
Gen. Charles] Scott; names of regiments given, also numljer of 
men and amount of bounty. D. S. 1 p. F". 

1780. Culper, Samuel. Secret agent near Keir York. "Setacket" [Setauket, 
Apr. 5. New York.] Letter to John Bolton. High winds delayed meet- 

ing with "725" [Caleb Brewster] ; little news through [Samuel 
Culper jr.] from New York; considers him blameworthy and 
neglectful; expedition is on foot to relieve [Lt.] Gen. [Sir Henry] 
Clinton at Carolina; was to have gone the 3d; consisted of Vol- 
unteers of Ireland under Brig. Gen. [Francis, Lord] Rawdon, 
Queen's Rangers under [Lt.] Col. [John (Graves] Simcoe, 42d 
regt. under [Brig.] Gen. [Thomas] Stirling, 2500-3000 troops in 
all; evacuation of New York probable; some say that troops are 
going to Virginia; dangerous going to New York because of refu- 
gees; he [Gen. Washington] should do something for the South. 
A. L. S. :', pp. (f. 



150 CALENDAR OE^ WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 

17S0. Culper, Samuel. Secret agent near Xew York. " Setacket" [Setanket, 
Ai>r. IS. Xew York.] Letter to John Bolton. Encloses three blanks; 

goes [to New York] tomorrow; returns [23d]; will write fuUy^ 
no information now. A. L. 8. 1 p. Q°. 

1780. Culper, Samuel. Secret agent near Xew York. "Stacket" [Setanket, New 
Apr. IS. York.] Letter to John Bolton. Encloses blank [from Samuel 

Culper jr.] just received; goes [to New York] tomorrow, return- 
ing [23d]; will write fully; wishes to see him; "An embarcation 
of two Regt is about taking Place said bound to Quebeck". 
A. L. S. 1 p. F". 

17S0. Culper, Samuel. Secret agent near New York. "Setacket" [Setanket, 
Apr. 23. New York.] Letter [to John Bolton]. Neglect of Ctilper jr. 

mentioned; will attend meeting of "us three" [Culper, Culper 
jr. and Bolton] on May 1st; has just returned from New York; per- 
son from Canada has come to New York; reports are that Cana- 
dian expedition will soon leave if "your" [Washington's] move- 
ments do not prevent; troops for the south left heavj^ baggage 
l)ehind; are to return after subjugating South Carolina; [Culper 
jr.] has learned that 20 [British] ships were lost at Jamaica; 20 
[French] " Sail of the Line," 150 transports and 20,000 men left 
Brest, destination unknown; American forces said to consist of 
6000 regulars, "4000 militia & other vagabonds," two or three 
"small frigits " also. A. L. S. 2 pp. Q". 

1780. [Merseieau, John.] Secret agent near Xeiv York. [Piscataway, New 
[May 6.] Jersey.] Information respecting Staten Island [sent to Gen. George 

Washington, Morristown, New Jersey]. Gives location of 
redoubts, with number and weight of cannon and stations of 
different regiments. Note V)y Washington: " N. B. The Flag-staff- 
Works on the Bank — & Cherry redoubt are near together. No. 1, 
2, & 3 are also near together at the watering place." Endorsed 
by Washington: "Intelligence from Mersereau reed. 6th. ]May 
1780." A. D. 1 p. Q°. 

1780. Mersereau, John. Secret agent near Xew York. "Piscatatua" [Piscata- 
May 10. way, New Jersey.] Letter to Gen. [George] Washington, Mor- 

;ristown. New Jersey. The ship Russell has gone out the [Sandy] 
Hook; rumor of French fleet has caused uneasiness among [the 
British]; hopes to hear something tomorrow night; will dili- 
gently comply with his request. Endorsed by Washington: 
' ' Mersereau lOth. May 1780 " . A. L. S. 1 p. Q». 

[1780.] Amicus Reipublicae. Secret agent in Xeiv York. Information [sent to 
May 17. Gen. George Washington, Morristown, New Jersey]. Disposition 

and number of [British] troops; location and armament of redoubts 
and condition of supplies; movement of troops etc. given. Endorsed 
by Washington: "Through Mersereau 17th. May 1780". A. L. S. 
2 pp. Qo. 

[1780.] [Mersereau, John.] Secret agent near New York. [Piscataway? New 
[May 20.] Jersey.] Information [sent to Gen. George Washington, Morns- 

town, New Jersey]. Frigate Pearl from Europe has brought 
despatches to [Lt. Gen.] Sir Henry Clinton of sailing of a 
[French] fleet from Brest; orders to prepare for their reception 



CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCKIPTS. 15l' 

[1780.] [Mersereau, John.] — Continued. 

[May 20.] have been it-sued; gives details of construction of various breast- 

works now erecting; independent companies guard the city; the 
regulars are on the outposts; sloops and schooners loaded with 
stone have gone down to [Sandy] Hook; will be sunk in the 
channel on appearance of enemy; frigate Galatea is the prin- 
cipal ship in the harbor; on arrival of [Rear] Admiral [Thomas, 
Lord] Ciraves, the British Navy here will be superior to the tieet 
now approaching; the Russell has gone on a cruise with 
impressed crew; fort at Brooklyn is being strengthened; suspi- 
cions of the French fleet coming here have caused despatches to 
Clinton to take Charleston, [South Carolina,] garrison it, and 
send rest of troops [to New York]; if storming fails he is to 
return with his whole force. Endorsed by Washington : ' ' Through 
Mersereau 20th. May 1780." A. D. 2 pp. Q". 

[1780.] New York, British forces at. Secret information [sent to Gen. 
[]May27.?] George Washington, Morristown, New Jersey]. Eight or ten 

ships with three thousand men have left for Canada; 7000 men 
remain; 4000 fit for service; east channel is blocked; 30 ships 
ready to be sent there; block-house near Bulls ferry has two cannon 
and 300 men; ships have gone up North River to Tappen; flat 
bottom boats went to Staten Island Saturday [26th] on way to 
Brunswick [New Jersey]; expects to have important information 
on Wednesday next [^lay 31st]. Endorsed by Washington: 
" Through V-D. 26th. May 1780". 1 p. F". 

[1780.] [Mersereau, John.] Secret agent neai^ New York. [New York.] Informa- 
[May 27.] tion [sent to Gen. George Washington, Morristown, New Jersey]. 

About 27 vessels are to be sunk [in channel at Sandy Hook]; 
work on batteries is being rushed; pickets have been extended 
to Corlaer's Hook; reports that a chain of batteries from Bunker 
Hill to East River is to be erected; ill-success at Charleston has 
dampened spirits of [the British] politicians; reports are that Sir 
Henry [Clinton] will raise the siege and come [to New York] ; 
mentions men-of-war and privateers from West Indies arriving with 
French, Spanish and American prizes; 37th and 44th and one 
Hessian regiment were prevented by some obstacle from sailing 
for Quebec last Saturday; 36 sail are at [Sandy] Hook; the 
ship Blenheim is to sail for England; Hook batteries are being 
strengthened; prisoners amount to 380; part have been removed 
from the Sugar House to North Church; 4 prison ships, the 
Hunter, Falmouth, Jersey and another are in North River; if 
[prisoners] are not removed before the heat of summer, great 
numbers must perish; is in a fair way to obtain a state of tlie 
[British] regiments here; is only too glad to render service by 
this information as long as personal hazard is not great; will 
do best that can be done in whatever post is assigned them. 
Endorsed by Washington: "Through Mersereau reed. 27th. May- 
1780". A. D. 2i)i). F". 

1780. Gouvion, [Jean Baptiste Obrey de.] Lt. col., engineers, Continental 
May 30. army. Morristown [New Jersey]. "A return of the prepara- 

tions to be made" [for operations against New York]. 700 
sleepers needed for mortars; 3200 planks; 6000 fascines; 300,000 



152 CALENDAR OF WASHINGTajST MANUSCEIPTS. 

17S0. Gouvion, [Jean Baptiste Obrey de.] — Continued. 
May 30. picquets; 11,000 gabions; 10,000 spades; axes etc.; I of above 

is sufficient if work is begun at once. A. D. S. Endorsed l)y 
Robt. H. Harrison: "Colo. Gouvion's Estimate of Gabions etc. 
May 30, 1780". 1 p. F°. 

1780. [Amicus Reipublicae.] Secret agent in New York. Information [sent 
June 1. to Gen. George AVashington, Morristown, New Jersey]. Secret 

expedition into Jersey is forming; advises particular watchfulness 
in Bergen county; a person in Commissary Department, [Conti- 
nental Army] has ordered £150,000 of counterfeit money to con- 
ceal his embezzlements; reports state that Sir Henry Clinton has 
stormed and taken Charleston; American loss given at 900; [Maj.] 
Gen. [Benjamin] Lincoln and his army of 6000 men are captured, 
as is Governor [John] Rutledge and five general officers; is made 
out as a great naval victory; [James] Rivington considers this 
the greatest feat since commencement of the rebellion; a merchant 
fleet will soon sail for Charleston; there will be no convoy to 
speak of as no men of war can be spared ; gives names of men-of- 
war in harbor at present; 14 privateers sailed last week from this 
port; anxiety concerning French fleet has disajjpeared ; reports 
are that 17 French ships of the line are in Brest channel; since 
surrender of Charleston, prices of English goods have risen; warns 
against Abraham Bogart; is a British informer; one of "our 
friends" has been sent to provost; fear of becoming detected pre- 
vents information becoming as efficient as it otherwise might. 
Endorsed by Washington: "Through 3Iersereau 1st. June 1780". 
A. L. 4 pp. Q". 

[1780.] McCasky, . [Springfield? New Jersey.] Information [given to Gen. 

[June 1?] George Washington, Morristown, New Jersey]. Nineteen ships 

have left [New York] and are at [Sandy] Hook; two regiments 
and 606 men of [Lt. Col. John Graves] Simcoe's corps [Queen's 
Rangers] are aboard; refugees also; said to be going no farther; 
[Lt. Col. Francis,] Lord Rawdon is in New York and indisposed; 
not over 5000 troops in and around New Y'ork; foraging expedi- 
tions; troops on L^ng Island preparing for [Lt. Gen. Wilhelm 
Baron von] Knyphausen. 1 p. F°. 

1780. Continental Congress, Committee of Co-operation. "Headquarters" 
June 2. [Morristown, New Jersey.] Tabular statement of militia and 

supplies requested from the States; apportionment of militia, beef, 
flour, rum etc. with directions regarding transportation of sup- 
plies and assembling of militia. ' ' True copy A. C. Brahser Secy ' ' . 
Endorsed: " For General Washington" 2 pp. F". 

[1780.] New York, British Forces at. Secret Information [sent to Gen. George 
[J une 4?] Washington, Morristown, New Jersey] . 7000 British troops in the 

city; "the whole dran from the hne" ; 1500 "Melisha" will 
fight; no late news from Charleston [South Carolina]; Americans 
doubt that it has fallen; new [British] post established at EUza- 
bethtown; purpose is to draw Americans that way, thus allowing 
reenforcements to slip into New Y^ork; no troops returned from 
Charleston; 10 vessels are in the harbor; 12 are sunk in the Nar- 
rows; 300 men wounded at Elizabeth [New Jersey] have returned; 
line of works from "Curies buck" [Corlaer's Hook] to North 
River is completed. 1 p. F°. 



CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 153 

[1780.] Dickson, Jame«. Deserter frori) " Tin' Guards". [Springfield, New Jer- 
[Junelo.] '^ey-] Examination. Complete brigade of Guards has arrived; 

17th. dragoons, 22d., 37th., 57th. infantry, and [New] Jersey Vol- 
unteers [commanded by Lt. Col. Abraham Van] Buskirk; two bat- 
talions "Anspach" ; position of troops and defenses; no militia or 
refugees present; three days provisions issued; projected bridge 
not yet l)egun. 1 p. Q". 

[1780.] Lasick, Ludwig. British jmsoner. [Springfield, New Jersey.] Exami- 
£Junel6.] nation. Left Staten Island yesterday; was in same company as 

[ ] Innesly, [ ] Clausen and [ ] Hutchinson; knows 

nothing (if intent to steal horses or enlist men [in New Jersey]; 
meant to return to New York in three or four weeks; a girl 
belonging to Abraham Veal fed them yesterday; Innesly was 
often "in and out" of their hiding place. 1 p. Q". 

1780. Allen, John. Prisoner, 4Sd regivient, British army. [Springfield, New 
June 16. Jersey.] Examination. Gives number of regiments in his bri- 

gade; " Gen" [Lt. Col. John?] Leland in command; privations of 
[British] Army; only officers have tents; no knapsacks; location 
of [English] troops; knows nothing of the foreigners; only 8-10 
wagons in store; bridges are nearly comiJeted. 

Beeves, Richard. Prisoner, 43d regiment. [Springfield.] Examina- 
tion. " Same account". 

Anderson, Samuel. Prisoner, 43d regiment. [Springfield.] Examina- 
tion. " Same account". 1 p. F°. 

1780. Scammell, Alexander. Col. and adj. gen., Continental armij. "Head 
,June 20. Quarters near Short-hills" [near Springfield? New Jersey.] A 

taljuiated return [to Gen. George Washington]. Killed, wounded, 
missing and deserted since 6th. inst. from the following brigades: 
1st. and 2d. Pennsylvania; [Brig. Gen. Edward] Hand's; [Brig. 
Gen. William] Maxwell's; 1st. and 2d. Connecticut; [Brig. Gen. 
John] Stark's and the brigade of the [Commander-in-chief's] 
"Guards"; 50 wounded, 13 missing, 20 deserted. D. S. 1 p. F". 

1780. [Amicus Reipublicae.] Secret agent in Neiv York. Information [sent to 
June 24. Gen. George Washington, near Springfield, New Jersey] . On Fri- 

day [June 23d.] [Lt.] Gen. [Sir Henry] Clinton reached Sandy 
Hook with 5000 men; has left 63d., 64th., and 71st. regiments at 
. Charleston; by last account [Charles, Lord] Cornwallis, had pene- 
trated to Camden, North Carolina; merchants are preparing to ship 
goods southward; Clinton's forces have gone up the North River 
with main body leaving Queen's Rangers and one Hessian Regi- 
ment only on [Staten Island] ; West Point is said to l)e their oljject; 
are confident of success; advises caution in communicating; there 
are enemies among our friends; a whale boat on 4th. inst. fur- 
nished a fishing boat from New York with provisions and turned 
over some British prisoners captured at "Stoney Point"; will, 
forward accurate account of state of Navy in a few days; names 
ships in harljor: Rimell, Eurojxt, Renoicn, Iris, and two frigates; 
consternation before the fleet appeared was great; 76th. High- 
land Volunteers was only regiment in town and citizens were 
paraded and armed; since receiving written message will send 
information by every opportunity; requests that mention be made 
in next note of points on which information is desired; requests 
that lie sign all iiis letters C. D. A. L. 4 pp. Q". 



154 CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 

1780. Amicus Reipublicae. Secret agent in New York. Information [sent to 
June 28. (ien. George Washington, Ramapo, New Jersey]. No news since 

enemies' North River expedition; troops now in town are barely 
sufficient to police the city; the Russell, Europa, Renoiim, Iris, 
and two or three frigates are the principal British ships now in 
harbor; hopes he will secure some of the merchant vessels that 
sail for Charleston in a very few days; disturbances in Ireland 
over trade laws; cry for peace in Parliament is still heard; rumors 
that the British have lost their supremacy in the West Indies; 
18 Spanish ships of the line and 10,000 troops are coming to co- 
operate with the French in those islands; a fleet is fitting out in 
England imder Rear Admiral [Thomas, Lord] (iraves, to pursue 
"Mons. de Ternay " [Charles Louis d'Arsae, Chevalier de Ternay] 
now at Brest [France] with 8 sail of the line and 6000 troops, 
intended for America; false rumors concerning Holland; defeat 
in Carolina [Charleston] has disheartened the people; several 
have refused to act [as informers] . 
June 29-30. Something has happened; rumor that Holland and Russia have 

entered into an offensive and defensive treaty; the 27 vessels to be 
sunk in the channel I5 miles outside of Sandy Hook are held in 
readiness; carpenters are busy on the King's ships; some big enter- 
prise is underway; 500 wagons have crossed from Long Island to 
New York; troops now at Staten Island are 82d. Hessian regi- 
ment, [Lt. Col. Abraham Van] Buskirk's and [Lt. Col. Thomas?] 
Barton's provincial corps and [Major Charles] Stewart's cavalry; 
stone barn at Decker's ferry fortified for cannon; 60 men from 
[Van] Buskirk's regiment to hold it as an advance post; all 
quiet; channel of communication once settled will report weekly; 
begs caution lest discovery follow. A. L. S. 5 pp. Q". 

[1780.] [Amicus Reipublicae.] Secret agent in Xew York. Information [sent to 
[June 30.] Gen. George AVashington, Ramapo, New Jersey]. Since [fore- 

going] dispatches all boats that were to have been sunk, with all 
men-of-war except one, have been drawn near the city and 
anchored near the Narrows; the [British] Army is at Westchester 
[New York,] and is to move to Tarrytown. A. L. 1 p. 12". 

1780. Knox, Henry. Brig, gen., Continental army. "CampPreakenis " [Preak- 
July 3. ness] New Jersey. A tabular statement [to Gen. George Wash- 

ington, Preakness]. Artillery stores wanted for cooperation [with 
French forces]; quantity of powder and different size shot re- 
quested; note of ciuantities on hand at different places; remarks 
concerning a previous estimate. D. S. 3 pp. Q". 
In handwriting of Major Samuel Shaw. 

1780. Continental Congress, Admiralty Board. [Philadelphia.] Letter to 
July 11. Gen. [George] Washington [Preakness, New Jersey]. Has re- 

ceived his letter of May 29th by Capt. [Abraham C?] " Vandyke " ; 
latter has been given command of marines on the ' ' Continental 
Ship" Saratoga; asks if the wine sent May 6th has been received; 
on the 18th inst. [June?] Congress directed that a further supply 
be sent Col. [Ephraim] Blaine for [Washington's] use; arrange- 
ments have been made to execute the commission. " F Lewis pr 
Order." Marine Committee Letter hook. 



CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 155 

17Sn. Amicus Reipublicae. Sccrti iigciif in. Xeiv York. Information [sent to 
July 10. Crvii. (ieoigt- Washington, Preakness, Xew Jersey]. No atten- 

tion thus far paid to fire ships or rafts; new fort on East River is 
built on estate of Anthony Rutger; another has been erected on 
North River; "no late accts. from Southern Army"; 4000 troops 
said to have been demanded for [Maj.] Gen. [John] Vaughan 
[Leeward Islands?]; a small fleet has gone there; 24 ships to 
be sunk [in Narrows]; desires transmitter of this news to send 
newspapers that effect of information may be known. A. L. S. 
2pp. it- 

[17S0. ] Amicus Reipublicae. Secret agent in New York. Information sent to 
July 16-l;t. < ien. [deorge] Washington, "Head Quarters" [Preakness, New 

.Jersey.] [Rear] Admiral [Thomas, Lord] Graves arrived [July 
l.ith] with flag-ship Loudon and five ships of the line; [Vice] 
A(hniral [Marriot] Arbuthnot has joined him off Sandy Hook; 
rejjortetl that Graves detached three ships on way over, two to the 
AVest Indies, the other to some place unknown; Arbuthnot has 
sent letter to Chamber of Connnerce petitioning for assistance in 
obtaining seamen; Chamber authorized an embargo and about 400 
men have enlisted, among them Capt. [ ] Coulthard "of the 

ship Watt" ; he commanded in the battle with the American ship 
Trumhidl; four British regiments are stationed at Brooklyn; Col. 
Edmund Fanning's corps is at Lloyd's Neck [Long Island]; 
"grand fort" is being strengthened; w'lien complete will mount 
60 pounders and contain 5000 men; situation of three supporting 
redouljts given; description of camps and condition, situation etc. 
of troops on Staten Island; among others [Lt. Col. Thomas] Bar- 
ton's and [Lt. Col. Abraham Van] Buskirk's regiments; Governors 
Island is deserted and one regiment is at Powles [Paulus] Hook; 
impossible to obtain exact state of garrison here; provisions are 
plenty; forage is scarce; gives quantities at different places; fuel 
IS also plentiful. A. L. S. 4 pp. Q". 

17S0. New York, British Forces at. Secret inforniation [sent to Gen. George 
July IS. Washington, Preakness, New Jersey]. Troops that came from the 

South with [Lt. Gen.] Sir Henry [Clinton] are: Hessians, Guards, 
and [Lt. Col. John (Traves] Simcoe's Rangers, in all .5000 men; "old 
Knyphowsen " [Wilhelm Baron von Knyphausen] has 6000 men 
at Eliza])ethtown; troops in and about the city now amount to 
about 13,000; [Rear] Admiral [Thomas, Lord] Graves has six 
ships and 700 men; [Vice] Admiral [Marriot] Arbuthnot has 
joined him with six other ships; both are waiting for the French 
fleet; ships and men are in fine condition; spirits much raised by 
the arrival of the fleet; following vessels named: Loudon, Royal 
Oak, Uropia lEuropa'\, Russell, Robust, Renoivn, Romulus, Rainboir; 
four unnamed. 2 pp. il". 

[17S0.] [Mersereau, John.] Secret agent near Neiv York. [Piscataway? NewJer- 
[July is.] ^ey.] Information [sent to Gen. George Washington, Preakness, 

New Jersey]. 5000 [British] troops under marching orders; 50 
transports are taking wood and water aboard; condition of fortifi- 
cations; no attack on Canada expected; [British] reverses in West 
Indies; no London newspajier allowed to circulate in Ne\s' York; 
vessels to be sunk are at the [Sandy] Hook. A. L. 1 p. Q". 



156 CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 

1780. Amicus Reipu"blicae. Secret agent in Keir York. Information [sent to 
July 19. Gen. George Washington, Preakness, New Jersey]. Nothing 

published as to arrival of [Rear] Admiral [Thomas, Lord] Graves; 
French fleet of seven ships at Rhode Island; British fleet said to 
sail to-day in pursuit; 5000 French "Naturalists" [natives] on 
the French fleet; army, under [Lt. Gen.] Sir Henry Clinton is 
embarking; destination unknown; Major [Samuel?] Hayes cap- 
tured yesterday by a party under guidance of IMajor [ ] Ward's 
son; three vessels have arrived from England with merchandise; 
captured French East Indiamen expected; size of [Vice] Admiral 
[Marriot] Arl)uthnot's fleet; great things expected of it; distracted 
condition of British Empire; death of Sir Charles Hardy; is suc- 
ceeded by Admiral Francis Geary as commander of channel fleet; 
much expected of [Rear] Admiral [Thomas, Lord] Graves. 
A. L. S. 2 pp. Q". 

1780. Littel D. Secret agent near New York. Information [sent to Gen. George 

July 21-2.1. Washington, Preakness, New Jersey]. Troops embarking are: 

22d., 38th., 42d., 43d., and 57th. regiments, forming [ ] Ewen's 
brigade; one battalion of "The Guards", 76th. Scotch regiment, 
[Lt. Col. John Graves] Sinicoe's [Queen's] Rangers and two Hes- 
sian regiments forming Maj. Gen. Edward ^Matthew's brigade 

.Tuly 22. Progress of embarkation; aim of expedition; ships Amphitry [Amjjhi- 
tritel and two galleys for a convoy; GuUetier \_Galatea'] preparing 
to sail southward. 

Julv 23. Ships CommeUa lCameleon'\ and Richmond have arrived; latter to go to 
Rhode Island; French fleet reported as "safe mored" at Point 
"Judah" [Judith]; Col. Ethan Allen said to have received a com- 
mission from [Lt.] Gen. [Sir Henry] Clinton; has certainly been 
in New York; may be a spy; vessels in harbor are: Blonde, 
Cameleon, Lord Toimsend and Sea Horse; Cameleon and Richmond 
brought five prizes from "pertomuk" [Potomac River?]. 

July 24-25. Hessians in Col. [ ] Weldenberg's brigade and most of the Anspachers 
have "saled through Hellgate and are to Rendevous at White 
Stone" [Flushing, Long Island]; 10,000 men at work; French 
frigate reported as captured; " Monsr Letuche" [Louis R^n^ Vas- 
sor, Vicompte de La Touche-Treville] was commander; ordnance 
to be taken on expedition. A. L. S. 2 jjp. Q°. 

Littel D was the nom de plume used by John Vanderhovern when giving 
intelligence to Washington through a third party. 

[1780.] Littel D. Secret agent near Xeir York. Information [sent to Gen. George 
July 2tj. Washington, Preakness, New Jersey]. [Lt.] Gen. [Sir Henry] 

Clinton has just gone to Long Island; sails [for Rhode Island?] 
tomorrow; the ship Blonde has run on the rocks at Hell-gate; 46 
ships with four convoys are going; destination is the French fleet; 
reported capture of "Monsier Letuch " [Louis Rene Vassor, Vi- 
compte de La Touche-Treville] is doubted; encloses rough draft 
of ' ' works about the town ' ' ; Amphitrite, Cameleon and two galleys 
form the convoy. A. L. S. 2 pp. 12°. 

[1780.] Ii[ittel] D. Secret agent near Xeiv York. Rough sketch of Fortifications 
{July 26.] of New York [sent to Gen. George Washington, Preakness, New 

Jersey]. A. D. S. 1 p. F". 

Accompanying Littel P. to George Washington 1780. July 26. 



CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCKIPTS. 157" 

[17S0. ] [Amicus Reipublicae]. Secret ((grnt In. Xew York. Information [sent to 
[July 2tJ-.'Jl.] (ien. George Washington, Preakness, Xew Jersey]. Troops 

intended for Rhode Island have disembarked; extend from White 
Stone [near Flushing?, Long Island,] to Jamaica; reenforcements 
sent for from ?har' >,^ston ; militia l)eing disciplined; Commodore 
[ ] Walsingham has joined Admiral [George Brydges] Rodney; 
they are to attack Freni'h and Spanish fleets; expect reenforcement 
of seven ships; all (luiet in Xew York; main purpose of letter is to 
send a few English prints; especially the "Memoire Justilii'aitefe 
of the Court of London". A. L. •! pp. >^°. 

1 ("80. Amicus Reipublicae. .'Secret agent in Xeiv Yurk. Iiilcjrmation [sent to 
Aug. 1 . ( Ten. George Washington, Peekskill, New York] . Has long sought 

an interview; would like to arrange a meeting place near "the 
roadbyBurrnt Island"; has heard more concerning " this Col. 
[Ethan] Allen"; overheard that [Allen] had been at head-quar- 
ters, also at William Smith's; his mission; intelligence regard- 
ing recent changes in the garrison at New York; fortifications; 
British fleet of 72 ships; [Commodore] Walsingham has joined 
the British fleet in West Indies; report is that 34 French and 
Spanish war shii)S with 250 transports and 12,000 men are coming 
to America from the Indies; "beware of one Pool a spy". A. L. S. 
4 pp. Q". 

17S0. Culper, Samuel jr. Secret agent in Xew York. Letter to Col. [William] 
Aug. 6. Floyed, Brookhaven [New York]. Has received letter by [Aus- 

tin] Roe; could not at once obtain articles desired; will send 
them by "next conveyance". A. L. S. 1 p. Q". 

This letter is written over one from Culper to Bolton? now blurred and illegi- 
ble. The earlier letter was written in invisible ink and covered two pages. 

17S0. Culper, Samuel. Secret ((gent near Xew York. [Setauket, New Yurk.] 
Aug. 7. Letter to John Bolton. Has received letters; owing to illness, 

sent another for information; obtained letter enclosed from Culper 
jr.; en(;loses also best obtainable account of garrison at "Loyd 
Neck" [Lloyd's Neck near Oyster Bay, Long Island]; location of 
various [British] regiments; is going [to New York] soon; will 
obtain certain things there. A. L. S. 1 p. F". 

1780. [Culper, Samuel.] Secret agent near Xew York. [Setauket, Xew York.] 
Aug. 7. Plan of fort at "Loyd Neck" [sent to John Bolton]. A. 1). 

1 p. Q". 
Accompanying Culper, Samuel, Letter to John Bolton ITSO, Aug. 7. 

1780. New York, British Forces at. Secret informatif)n [sent to Gen. George 
Aug. 12. Washington, Tappan, New York]. "Whole army is returned 

from the east"; headquarters at Jamaica [Long Island]; secret 
expedition is preparing to ascend North River; works at Brooklyn 
are progressing rapidly; on completion will send plan; secret 
expedition to Virginia planned; 5000 troops going; [Lt. Col. 
John Graves] Simcoe's regiment, [Lt. Col. Abraham] Buskirk's 
[Van Buskirk's] and [lA. Col. Thomas?] Barton's levies; uncer- 
tainty of convoy; warning against "a certain LivyDun"; latter- 
proposed your [Maj. Benjamin Tallmadge's?] capture to [Maj.] 
Gen. [Al)raham] Skinner; also capture of Benjamin Manning;, 
fuller explanations later. 2 i>p. ¥". 



158 CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 

1780. Jacobs, John. Col. commanding brigade of Massaclnmetts militia. Butts 
Aug. 12. Hill [Rhode Island]. Return [to Maj. Gen. William Heath, 

Newport, R. I.] of the three months men. Tabular statement of 
regiments commanded by Colonels Jacolj;^, [ ] How and 

[ ] Mitchel; Lt. [ ] Xigh at Newport in charge of 

wagons; Capt. [ ] Sparrow is acting as Brigade-major and 

Lt. [ JElles has charge of the boats at Howland Ferry. 

D. S. 1 p. F°. 
Enclosed in Heath, William, Letter to George Washington 1780, Ang. 13. 

1780. Heath, William, ^^aj. gen. Continental arm ij. Newport [Rhode Island]. 
Aug. 13. Letter to Gen. [George] Washington [Tappan, NeM" York]. 

When he wrote yesterday expected to join [Washington] in a few 
days; [Lt.] Gen. [Jean Baptiste Donatien de Vimeure,] Count 
[de] Rochambeau objects to him leaving; requests that he signify 
to the Count that [Heath's] i^resence is necessary to the [Amer- 
ican] Army; forwards for directions proceedings of a general 
court martial; culprits are Rhode Island men who jumped their 
bounties; [Thomas] dishing and [Robert Treat] Paine, a com- 
mittee from the Massachusetts Council, have represented to 
Rochambeau that the French Commissaries by paying for supplies 
in "hard money" will render it impossible for American Com- 
missaries to purchase supplies with paj^er money; greater jsart of 
a provision fleet for Quebec has been captured by our cruisers; 
encloses papers received from Col. [John] Allan and a return of 
militia fortifying at Butts Hill; has not received return of those 
employed at "Tommony Hill" [Tominy Hill]; British fleet 
remains as mentioned in last letter. A. L. S. Endorsed: "Gen'l 
Heath. Aug. 18, 1780. Ansd. 17. Intelligence from Halifax 
obtained by Col. Allan — proceedings sent back." 3 pp. F". 

1780. New York, British Forces at. Secret information [sent to Gen. George 

Ang. 13. Washington, Tappan, New York]. 2000 men ordered to be in 

readiness for secret expedition; ships are to go with expedition; 

"may take up a certain Joseph Duilva, brother-in-law to John 

Compton". 1 p. F°. 

1780. New York, British Forces at. 3Iendham [New Jersey]. Secret infor- 
Aug. 13. mation [sent to Gen. George Washington, Tappan, New York]. 

Cobble Hill mounts 7 guns; fort is in good condition; | mile dis- 
tant is a fort with 5 guns; Brooklyn fort mounts 26 guns, 11 on 
land side; 35 guns on Governors Island; Brooklyn fort is finished; 
is a square with four bastions. Endorsed by Washington: "Some 
Acct. of Brooklyn Fort, etc. Long Isld." 1 p. 8". 

1780. Continental Congress, Admiralty Board. [Philadelphia.] Letter to 
Aug. 14. Gen. [George] Washington [Tappan, New Jersey]. Have re- 

ceived his letter of "16th instant" [July?]; Capt. John Young, 
commanding the ship Saratoga sailed yesterday convoying the 
"Honble Henry Laurens Esq in the Mercury Packet a few Miles 
to Sea"; expects him to meet the ships Trumbull and Deane 
within the capes [May and Henlopen] ; the three vessels under 
senior captain James Nicholson are to cruise for 14 days in search 
of the division of the French squadron; Capt. Young carries letters 
to the French commander. Signed: "Francis Lewis per Order." 
Marine Committee Letter Book. 



CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 159 

1780. Culper, Samuel. Secret ((gent ne(tr Xeiv York. Setauket [Xew York]. 
Aug. 1(). Letter to John Bolton. Returned [from New York] today; 

C[ulper] jr. will continue in service; little news in New York; 
Tories are dejected; neutrality of European powers reported; pro- 
vision ships were to sail yesterday for fleet in Gardiner's Bay 
[eastern extremity of Long Island] ; [Lt. Gen. Sir Henry] Clinton 
and 7000 men are in readiness to move; also fleet at White Stone 
[Long Island]; rumor that 2d division of French troops has 
arrived; [Gov. "William] Tryon, [Col. James] Patterson, and 
[:\Iaj.] Gen. [Echvard] Mathews [Matthew^s] about to sail for 
"Uroi:)e"; owing to illness of his informant, can not obtain ac- 
count of conditions at L[loyd's] Neck [near Oyster Bay, Long 
Island] ; will send newspapers next time; reception given Clinton. 
A. L. S. 2 pp. F". 

17M). Culper, Samuel jr. Secret agent in Xeir York. New York. Letter [to 
Aug. 17. John Bolton]. Object of British expedition was to dispossess 

French of Rhode Island; list of regiments for another possible 
expedition; provisions for fleet. A. L. S. 8 pj). Q". 
Originally written with invisible ink and now legible only in part. 

1780. Culper, Samuel. Sea-et agent near New York. Setauket [New Yui-k]. 
Aug. 27. Letter to John Bolton. Acknowledges receipt of two letters and 

10 guineas; has been ill and unable to inquire about enemy near 
him; [Lt.] Gen. [Sir Henry] Clinton has returned to New York; 
gives location of [Col. Edmund] Fanning' s and other British 
regiments; watchfulness of troops; rumor, but no visible signs of 
enemy leaving New York; continued indignation in England; 
refugees maintain constant communication with outsiders; give 
much paper money to Tories; hopes to give more information as 
to treacheries soon; sends blank from C[ulper] jr.; will deliver 
"yours to him"; "on [September 2d] let [Caleb Brewster] cross 
again". A. L. S. 2pp. F". 

1780. Brewster, Caleb. Capt-lt., 2d Continental artillery. Fair[field, Con- 
Aug. 27. necticut]. Letter to Major Benjamin Tallmadge, Pound Ridge 

[New^ York]. Returned from the island [New York] on 2oth; 
did not see [Samuel] Culper; British troops are thick around 
Coram, Setauket and other places; [Capt. Jonathan?] Glover 
and [Lt. Stephen?] Hoyt have disarmed the refugee ])oats at 
"Drownmed's"; is badly in need of another l)oat; Capt. John 
Suttin [Sutton?] has one by order of [Maj. Gen. Robert Howe] 
that is public property and Jal)ez Fich [Fitch] has one or two at 
Horse's Neck; suggests the capture of British officers who go out 
every day with the hounds; watches them from "Esqr. Strong's"; 
all troops have come from the eastward; Sir Henry Clinton has 
gone to New York; the British fleet has sailed from Gunner's 
Bay. A. L. S. Endorsed: "Augt. 27, 1780. from Culper Senr." 
1 p. F". 

1780. Continental Congress, Admiralty Board. [PliiUidelphia.] Letter to 
Aug. 31. • Gen. [George] Washington [Teaneck, New Jersey]. Has received 

his letter of 15th; Congress has ordered the ship Saratoga to 
cruise with the Trmnhu/l and Deane in search of the French fleet 
for which they have dispatches; the Confeileracy is the only Con- 
tinental frigate remaining [at Philadelphia]; she is unprepared 
for present service. Marine Committee Letter hook. 
See: Continental Congress to George Washington 1780, Aug. 14. 



160 CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 

1780. Culper, Samuel. Secret agent near New York. Setauket [New York]. 
Sept. 1-5. Letter to John Bolton. Has sent [Bolton's] enclosure to C[ulper] 

jr. ; latter had not the counterpart so no answer; nothing new in 
New York; enemy expect an attack; no further news before the 
10th; [Col. Edmund] Fanning's regiment at Lloyds Neck; [Lt. 
Col. John Graves] Simcoe's is at Oyster Baj'; encampment at 
Capt. Nathan AVoodhuir sand Parson [James] Lyons's; no expec- 
tation of leaving; troops seem off their guard; 500 good men 
could capture them all; if attack is to be made send [Caleb 
Brewster] on night befoi'e and he [Culper] will advise hini then; 
"Aiglai Bgsyim" [George Howel] of Southampton is on your 
shore [Connecticut] ; has been an agent of enemy for a long time; 
refugees continually exchanging paper money for provisions from 
Tories; " 20 od[d] pounds of counterfeit money" soused; [ ] 

Trowbridge, an intimate of John Clark, is one of refugees; money 
used to pay colonial taxes; have tried to persuade Culper to help 
them; enemy collecting forage; it will be scarce the coming win- 
ter; [Lt.] Col. [Samuel] Birch remains at Setauket; has sent for 
field pieces; "for God's sake attack them, you'll certainly be 
successful if you' re secret " ; " come in large boats " ; " pray afford 
some relief". A. L. S. 5 pp. Q". 

1780. liittel D. Secret agent in New York. Letter to John H[endricks, 
Sept. 6. Elizabethtown, New Jersey]. Secret embarkation of 5000 men 

planned; "old Lesley" [Maj. Gen. Alexander Leslie] in com- 
mand; troops compo.sing expedition; B[ond?] an "intermet" 
friend of Major [Fred] McKinsey [McKenzie] says expedition is 
against Virginia; is ignorant of convoy; hopes to inform him of 
it later; "transmit this to his Excellency [Gen. Washington] as 
soon as possible." A. L. S. 2 pp. F". 

[1780.] L. J. Secret agent near New York. Information [sent to Gen. George 
[Sept. 6?] Washington, Hopper House, Bergen county, New Jersey]. [Lt.] 

Gen. [Sir Henry] Clinton has been advised to land 7000 men 
at Tapi^an; object is to cut off Gen. [George] Washington; 
[Clinton] prefers to be quiet until disturbances cease in England; 
3000 troops are going southward; peace with "Speane" talked 
of; 8000 troops expected from England; writer desires a pass 
for a long time; "Eight five lines to let me no what it is you wish 
to now from the Brithes ' ' . Endorsed : ' ' Intelligence from L-J ' ' . 
A. L. S. 1 p. Q°. 

1780. [liittel D.] Secret agent in Neiv York. Letter [to John Hendricks, 
Sept. 7. Elizabethtown, New Jersey]. Ship with Admiral [Marriot] 

Arbuthnot has arrived ; ' ' George Webster ' ' says they were fol- 
lowed by 2d Division of French fleet; latter consists of eight large 
ships; on this news ships in harbor [of New York] were sent out 
to cruise; the ship Galtilear IGalatea^ will sail today, if possible; 
two hundred men at work upon her. A. L. 1 p. 8". 

1780. Bayley, Jacob. Brig, gen., New York militia. Newbury [Vermont]. 
Sept. 7. Letter to [Gen.] George Washington [Steenrapie, New Jersey]. 

Capt. [Clement] Goslin [Gosselin] and party have returned from 
their hazardous tour; will deliver information in person; believes 
them truthful; thinks no time should be lost in securing upper 
Canada; can hardly expect to take Quebec this year; occupation 



CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 161 

1780. Bayley, Jacob — Continued. 
Sept. 7. of the Three River districts and ^Montreal will secure supplies for 

a Spring campaign against Quebec; passage way through St. John's 
could be had for heavy artillery; can keep that part of the coun- 
try if arms for the inhabitants can be found; then if peace comes 
will have some claim against the "Quebec Bill"; present is the 
best time for action; every support for an army is here; people 
are free to advance provisions and personal services; enemy have 
small parties out but alertness of inhabitants prevents them from 
doing much damage. A. L. S. 2 pp. Q". 

17S0. Mersereau, John. Secret agent near New York. [Piscataway? New 
Sept. 11. Jersey.] Information [sent to Gen. George Washington, Hopper 

House, Bergen county, New Jersey]. No movements among 
enemy since last letter; they remain under marching orders;, 
sends newspapers by [ ] FitzRandolph; desires some news 

from the Southern Army and of Indians; will send this in to New 
York by FitzRandolph; such action will win confidence of soldiers 
[in New York]; [British] will then trust him [FitzRandolph] 
with letters; all such letters will be shown [Washington]; [sol- 
diers] wish Philadelphia papers in return for those of New York. 
A. L. S. 1 p. F". 

1780. L[ittel] D. Secret agent in Nen: York. Letter [to John Hendricks, Eliza- 
Sept. 25. beth town. New Jersey]. Conditi(ms remain the same regarding 
[British] expeditions; troops from [Lt. Col. Thomas] Barton's, 
[Lt. Col. Abraham V"an] Buskirk's, [Maj. Gen. James] Robertson's 
and [Lt. Col. John Graves] Simcoe's corps are under orders to 
embark; ship Rainbow is at [Sandy] Hook, the Renown is re- 
fitting; engineers are commanded by Capt. [ ] Smith?; 
[Lt.] Gen. [Sir Henry] Clinton has been away since Friday 
[22d]; [Admiral George Brydges] Rodney was with him at 
"Caniday's house"; has questioned the Admiral's i)ilot, who 
says troops and fleet are bound for Roads [Rhode] Island; uncer- 
tainty as to commanders in New York, or for the ex{)edition; 
[Maj. Gen. Alexander] Lesley's [Leslie's] and [Maj. Gen. Francis] 
Smith's names are suggested. A. L. S. 1 p. F". 

1780. [LiittelD.] Secret agent in New York. Letter to John [I Icndricks, Eliza- 
Sept. 26. bethtown. New Jersey]. [Caleb] B[rewster] says [British] 
troops are marching to Red Hook; are to embark tonight; "Col" 
[Capt. William?] Morris's corps is with them; all carrying in- 
trenching tools as well as ammunition; Admiral [(ieorge FJrydges] 
Rodney has ordered four ships stationeil in rcailiiu'ss. A. L. 
ip. Q°. 

[I7H0.] New York, British F(jrces at. Secret information [sent to (icn. (ieorge 
[Sept. 27?] Washington, Robinson House near West Point]. "To wach 

[Gen. George] Washington's movements & let me know if he is 
crossing any part of his troops"; his number; to have somebody 
ready to come off the instant any troops get in the lioats; "this 
is a coppy of Gl. [Lt. Gen. Sir Henry Clinton's] instructions". 
1 p. Q". 

19108—01 11 



162 CALENDAR OB' WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 

[1780.] Bayley, Jacob. Bri(j. gen.. New York militia. [Newbury? Vermont.] 
[Sept?] Certificate of the services of Lieut. John Goulet and Noel Belongs. 

By order of [Gen. George Washington] Goulet has entered Canada 
four times and Belonge three times for information; have behaved 
with "stability to the United States"; merit esteem of all Ameri- 
cans; are now on the way to join their regiments, by order of 
Col. [Moses] Hazen. A. I). S. 1 p. Q". 

1780. Culper, Samuel. Secret agent near New York. Setauket [New York]. 
Oct. 8. Letter to John Bolton. Has received his letter [of Aug. 24th] with 

enclosed Ijlank written on poor paper; encloses better; [Ameri- 
cans] in New York dread [Brig. Gen. Benedict] Arnold; enemy 
embarking slowly; Culjter jr. to meet him [on 12th] ; asks [Bolton] 
also to come; Cajit. Cornelius Concklin with ):)oats crew fell into 
hands of refugees near Treadwells Banks [Long Island]; Lt. 
[Ezra?] Ketcham "killed dead"; fault of Abijah Jospier of "Sea- 
tauket"; no other news. A. L. S. 2 pp. Q". 
Enclosed in Tallmadge, Benjamin, Letter to George Washington 17so, Oct. 11. 

1780. Tallmadg'e, Benjamin. Major, 2(1 Continental dragoons. "Bedford New 
Oct. 11. Purchase" [Kings county, New York.] Letter to Gen. [George] 

Washington [Preakness, New Jersey]. Encloses a letter from 
C. [Samuel Culj^er]; contains no news; [Benedict] Arnold's 
conduct since reaching New York has frightened correspondents 
so that they do not transmit news as immediately as heretofore; 
[Culper] jr. has requested an interview on 13th inst; does not 
think it prudent on account of the refugee boats along shore; has 
assured C. jr. that his correspondence is unknown to all but him- 
self [Tallmadge] ; if [Washington] thinks the interview desirable 
will meet C. jr. at any time. A. L. S. 2 pp. Q". 

1780. Iiittel D. Secret agent in New York. Letter to John H[endric]ks [Eliz- 
Oct. 11. abethtown, New Jersey]. [Caleb] B [re wster] reports as follows: 

Arms of city militia taken and shipped on fieet; fifty horse from 
[Lt. Col. John Graves] Simcoe's corps go with expedition [to 
Virginia]; same troops [as previously reported] going; exception — 
260 Yagers in place of Simcoe's infantry; [Col. Archiljald] McNab 
takes 160 set of cavalry accoutrements for volunteers which one 
"who calls himself Peter Smith" has raised; Smith, [Maj. Gen. 
Alexander] Leslie and [Brig. Gen. Benedict] Arnold were with 
Commander-in-chief yesterda}'; size of convoy for expedition 
unknown; expedition may not be to the south as 300 iron stoves 
are taken; plans changed since Arnold came. A. L. S. 2 pp. Q". 

1780. Amicus Reipublicae. Secret agent in New York. Information [sent to 
Oct. 13. Gen. (ieorge Washington, Preakness, New Jersey]. Rumor that 

Silas Deane has left France and delivered his credentials to the 
British Court; [Henry] Laurens, has been captured by English 
on his way to Holland; sent to England; St. Domingo man-of-war 
captured by frigate Pmr/; "Cork & English fleets .... hourly 
expected"; size of ships; Admiral [George Brydges] Rodney to 
command; certain injured vessels to return to England; expedi- 
tion said to be for Virginia; 2400 men going; peace with Spain 
and truce with France said to have been made; no other news by 
the packet; no time to write more. A. L. S. 2 pp. F". 



CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 163 

17S0. Littel D. Secret agent in New York. Letter to J[ohn] H[endricks, Eliz- 
l)c-t. 13. abeth, New Jersey]. Dangers surrounding Whigs in New York; 

frequent arrests; difficult)' of obtaining news; list of troops going 
on [Virginia] expedition; portions of corps of [Maj.]Gen. [James] 
Robertson, [Brig.] Gen. [Cortlandt?] Skinner and Lt. [Col. Archi- 
bald] McNab; none of [Lt. Col. John Graves] Simcoe's are to go; 
[Maj.] Gen. [Alexander] Leslie is to (;oiiiiuand; Peter Smith and 
[Brig. Gen. Benedict] Arnold has Ijeen with [Leslie] lately; 
Lefortune, Renoion and other ships will constitute the convoy; 
destination of expedition unknown; [Admiral George Brydges] 
Rodney has both Rhode Island pilots and southern guides with 
him; Arnold has said many Tories will join them; Simcoe is in 
command at Richmond [Long Island]; [Lt.] Gen. [Baron Wil- 
helm von] Knyphausen at King's Bridge; [Maj. Gen. Francis]' 
Smith at Staten Island; large fleet hourly expected; some ships 
have arrived; refugees hopeful; Admiral Rodney expects six 
large ships; one of 94 guns to be his flagship in place of the 
Sandivich. A. L. S. 8 pp. Q". 

[17S0. ] Littel D. Secret agent- in New York. Letter [to John Hendricks, Eliza- 
Uct. It). Ijethtown, New Jersey]. The [British] fleet has dropped down 

to Sandy Hook; the Terrible and two other ships are repairing 
at New York; six thousand soldiers on the fleet; more constantly 
arriving; all but "Wigs" [Whigs] are in great spirits; is in urgent 
need of money; will send no more news till he gets some; is 
determined to write [directly] to Gen. [George] Washington; 
is in debt; "this by serving men who if they will deceive me 
in one thing they will in others". A. L. S. 1 p. Q°. 

17S0. Hendricks, John. Secret agent iit EUzabethtoivn. [New Jersey.] Letter 
Oct. 17. to Gen. [George] Washington [Preakness, New Jersey]. Has 

been employed by Col. [Elias] Dayton to forward intelligence; 
the Colonel is now sick; sends enclosures from two correspond- 
ents, one from New York [Littel D.] and one from [Elizabeth- 
town] ; his brother Capt. [James?] Hendricks informed him of 
Washington's desire 'for intelligence; New York man has been 
reduced by sickness and would be glad to receive something; has 
been promised something by Dayton; would be glad to forward 
it; expresses readiness to serve at any time. A. L. S. 2 \)\}. F". 

1780. A Stranger. Secret agent near New York. [Ehzabethtown, New Jersey.] 
■Oct. 17. Letter to Col. [Elias] Dayton [Elizabethtown]. Reflections on 

treachery of [Brig. Gen. Benedict] Arnold; great deal of money 
is spent ])y the British; has just returned from New York; large 
fleet arrived from England Sunday [loth]; 19 ships with 2600 
men; ignorant of size of convoy accompanying fleet; fleet from 
Cork not yet arrived; Sanchoich, IrhunpJi and Terrible are in 
North River; four other ships at the "watering place"; an 
expedition has left New York; 43 ships and 6000 troops; com- 
position of force; destination is Rhode Island or Virginia, proba- 
bly the latter; convoy to meet them at sea; food scarce; much 
complaint; some American friends in New York detected by 
[ ] Pool; rest are cautious; D. [Littel D.] says he does not 
receive promised aid; is a worthy man and should be aided; 
"destroy this J la per ". A. L. S. 4 i)p. F". 



164 CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 

1780. A Stranger. Secret agent near Netv York. [Elizabethtown, New Jer- 
Oct. 23. sey.] Letter [to Cien. George Washington, Preakness, New Jer- 

sey]. Has been employed by CoL [Elias] Dayton in going over 
to New York to obtain intelligence; Dayton is sick and John 
Hendricks desired him to report his intelligence to headquarters; 
matters at New York are unchanged; fleet lately sailed has gone 
south; 5000 troops, the flower of the army here, went with it; 
troops lately arrfved amount to 2700; Cork fleet not yet arrived; 
ship Rainbow with several frigates gone out to convoy it; Sand- 
wich is refitting; refugees on Bergen Point say they will take all 
the hay from Newark and Elizabethtown and burn what they can- 
not carry off; Capt. [Benjamin] Ward, their commander, expects 
assistance from the Army; intends paying the above towns a visit 
and carry off all cattle, grain etc. ; Brooklyn fort is very strong- 
mounts 2B heavy canmin, flanked with bastions etc. A. L. S. 
2 pp. F\ 

17S0. liittel D. Secret atjent in Xeu- York. Letter [to John Hendricks, Eliza- 
Oct. 24. l)ethtown, New Jersey]. Has received his of 22d; regrets illness 

of Col. [Elias] Dayton; although no aid has been given him 
must write the news; has met "George Fustner of Lankester", 
brother-in-law to Capt. [ ] Rankin who kept a ferry at that 

place; [Lt. Gen. Sir Henry] Clinton sent Fustner out on 5th to 
meet American officer; Capt. [ ] Lord's schooner brought 

him down; "Major" [Lt. Col. Oliver?] DeLancey [jr.] accom- 
panied him [Fustner] to boat; Fustner returned the night of the 
8th; Lt. [James?] Moody introduced to Fustner; [Littel D.] 
invited Fustner to dine; latter said he met one of [Brig. Gen. 
Benedict] Arnold's associates on 5th; went with him some dis- 
tance; officer appeared to be on way to Philadelphia; [American] 
officer said one more campaign would secure British success; 
writer is "working on" Fustner and Moody to ascertain more; 
member of Governor's council is in communication with Moody; 
will send more news later. A. L. S. 3 pp. Q°. 

1780. Culper, Samuel. Secret agent near JVeiv York. [Setauket, New York.] 
Oct. 26. Letter to John Bolton. Has received his [letter of 11th]; has 

desired shorter method of communicating and urged same; C[ul- 
per] jr. has resolved for present to leave New York; enemy very 
watchful and severe; suggests cessation of regular letters from New 
York; will imdertake any special task; enemy's fleet left [Sandy] 
Hook the 17th and probably is now off Virginia; if separated, fleet 
is to gather at Hampton Roads; another embarkation expected; 
[Lt. Gen.] Sir Henry Clinton to reenforce [Lt. Gen. Charles, Earl] 
Cornwallis; militia and 4000 regulars to defend New York this 
winter; all other troops to subdue the South; English fleet con- 
sists of fifty ships; half merchantmen; new recruits are not over 
2500; [English] much worried over non-arrival of Cork fleet; 
"French have taken 26 sail. East & West Indiamen"; 17 dra- 
goons will be at Mosquito Cove in five days; are now at Cedar 
Swamp; will capture some "gentlemen" now foraging; guards to 
[British] foraging parties are weak; 105 wagons expected with 
only 17 men as a guard; suggests an attack upon them; [Brig. 
Gen. Benedict] Arnold about to publish an address to his country- 
men; it will advise ser\nce in British Army; fearful much harm 
will be done. A. L. S. 3 pp. F". 



CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANl'SCKIPTS. 1(^5 

1780. Littel D. Secret aQcnt in New York. Letter to John [Hendricks] at Mrs. 
Oct. 26. Elizabeth Vanderhovern's, Bridgetown [New Jersey]. Mail is 

being interrupted and brought into town by a refugee; "saw the 
man &. his guide, a lusty punken man a very villin in his eyes" ; 
ship about to sail with English despatches; foraging party being 
prepared; is ignorant of details; a man here from LaiH;aster is 
called the "Dutch Irishman" ; his name is Robert [ ]; has 

guide called John Smith; came in with fourteen recruits; [Littel 
IX] wishes to see Hendricks; asks to be sent for; will send news 
and a gazette to headquarters on Saturday [27th] ; encloses news- 
paper containing [Brig. Gen. Benedict] Arnold's proclamation 
[of Oct. 20th]. A. L. S. 2 pp. Q°. 

[1780.] Littel D. Secret agent in New York. Letter to John Hendricks at IMrs. 
Oct. 26-27. Elizal)eth "\"ander[hovern's,] Bridgetown, New Jersey. Has 

^received letter containing five guineas; has had no receipt for 
last [two] letters; [ ] Lee will say when [Hendricks] can see 

him [Littel D.]; will not see him again "unless something is 
done"; [Maj.] Gen. [Alexander] Leslie has arrived in Chesa- 
peake [Bay]; [Lt.] Gen. [Sir Henry] Clinton is moving his 
quarters to '.'Janiaia" [Jamaica, Long Island]; has [ ] 

Bond and [ ] Jesse out and expects to accomplish end 

desired. A. L. Signed "Little D " 2 pp. Q''. 

[1780.] Littel D. Secret agent in New York. Letter to John [Hendricks, at] 
[Oct. 28?] Mrs. Elizal)eth Vanderhovern's, Bridgetown [New Jersey]. 

Encloses [letter of 26th] which bearer did not take last time; 
only additional news is of shot and shell shipped on [Admiral 
George Brydges] Rodney's fleet; fleet is to return to West Indies; 
ships SandvAch and Terrible are to convoy [transports] to England 
when Cork fleet arrives; [George] Fustner is out; [James?] 
Moody's man left yesterday; [Littel D.] wishes to see Hendricks; 
desires trusty person sent to posts on Saturday; wishes his wife 
conducted to some place where he can see her; "will pay you 
well .... & then you will not fail". A. L. S. 2 pp. Qr ' 

1780. Goulet, Jean. Lt., col. Mo^es Hazen's Canadian regiment. Alljany, New 

Oct. 29. York. Account of expenses for expedition of [Goulet] and Pierre 

Cadieux from Coos [New Hampshire] to Albany [Canadian Expe- 

ditiiin]. Provisions for nine days, cost seven "piastres". A. D. S. 

1 p. cr. 

In French. 

[17S0.] Ferric, A. /./., col. Moxea Hazen's Canadian regiment. [Albany? New 
[Oct. ] York. ] Cei'tificate of mission of Jean Goulet and Pierre Goudiere 

[Cadieux?]. Left for Canada Aug. 10, 1779; were to carry the 
news of the declaration of the French King; [Ferrio] has been in 
parish of St. Charles and of St. Denis; certifies that Goulet fur- 
nished 30 livres which has not been repaid. A. D. S. 1 p. Q". 

In French. At foot of page in different ink is added: "de 3 plus piastre 
argent" a probable correction of the sum given in the above document. 

1780. Boileau, Aiual)le. Ensign, col. Moses Hazen's Canadian regiment. [Fish- 

[Oct?] kill. New York.] Certificate of services performed by Lt. Jean 

Goulet. Had received orders from "Son Exelence" [Gen. George 

Washington] and fmni Gen. "LaFaillette" [Maj. Gen. Marie 



166 CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 

1780. Boileau, Amal)le — Continued. 

[Oct?] Jean Paul Joseph Roche Yves Gilbert du Motier de Lafayette] 

to go to Canada for information; was taken ill Aug. 5, [1779] and 
remained by the river St. Lawrence; gave Goulet full power to 
act in his stead. A. D. S. 1 p. 8". On verso is Goulet's account 
• for three louis; sum spent in expedition into Canada, Aug. 15-18, 

1779. 
In French. 

[1780.] [LittelD.] Secret agent in New York. Letter to John [Hendricks, Eliza- 
[Oct.-Nov.] bethtown, New Jersey]. This is last letter; is determined not to 

risk life further; Admiral [(jeorge Brydges] Rodney is at 
[Sandy] Hook; came Saturday; fleet is at watering place; all 
think Rhode Island is destination of fleet; Yagers and [Lt. Col. 
John Graves] Simcoe's horse were landed last night; Capt. 
[ ] Brown, of Rhode Island, who lodges "at [ ] Ever- 

ett's and Capt. [ ]"Sancerau", master of Rhode Island 

packet, taken aboard; further reasons; Admiral Rodney went 
aboard yesterday; fleet from England [Cork fleet] has arrived; 
150 ships with troops, stores and merchantmen, 30,000 bbls. of 
flour, British and Hessian troops; another " cut- throat general " 
among the Americans; name unknown; "he & two colonels met 
[George] Fustner, a Dutch[man] who [Lt. Gen. Sir Henry] 
Clinton sent out"; Fustner says he brought letters from them; 
meeting was at "Clarks" near Bordentown; Fustner long 
employed in business; "three times out with [Major John Lewis] 
Andre to [Brig. Gen. Benedict] Arnold." A. L. 1 p. F". 

1780. Culper, Samuel. tSecret agent near New York. [Setauket, New York.] 
[Nov. 5.] Letter to John Bolton. Has no certain news from New York; 

report that the Cork fleet is taken; believes there is some truth 
in the report; garrison at Lloyds Neck consists of Col. [Gabriel 
G.] Ludloe's [Ludlow's] regiment, part of Jersey Volunteers and 
some Wentworth Volunteers, 2000 men in all; no change in forti- 
fications since plan was sent; plan may be relied upon and an 
attack is advisable; 150 refugees hold' a strong blockhouse on 
"Jesse Arthur's" farm; 40 refugees at "William Smith's" farm; 
their condition; illegal traffic carried on by American whale 
boats; cruises chiefly to this [Long] Island with goods needed 
here; Capt. [Rufus?] Barton, Capt. [Robert?] Walker and Capt. 
[Ellas?] Thompson came from Connecticut last week; inven- 
tory of goods brought; "Hobert Latham at Sag Harbor [Long 
Island] should be anihilated" for being agent of the traffickers; 
hopes to hear news through [Caleb Brewster] soon. A. L. S. 
3 pp. F°. 

1780. Vanderhovern, John. Secret agent near Netr- York. Elizabethtown 
Nov. 6. [New Jersey]. Letter to Gen. [George] Washington [Preakness, 

New Jersey]. Came here at request of Col. [Matthias] Ogden, 
Saturday night [Nov. -Ith]; Ogden taken prisoner by [Major John 
Peter] De Lancey, through treachery of Abel Hatfield, before his 
arrival; has been an eye witness of [Brig.] Gen. [Cortlandt] 
Skinner coaching Hatfield as to information to be given American 
officers [at Elizabethtown] ; Cornelius Hatfield and he came over 
[Nov. 3d] and cajitured Ogden and [Capt. Jonathan] Dayton; has 



CALENDAR OF WASHI]SrC4T0N MANUSCRIPTS. 1()7 

1780. Vanderhovern, John — Continued. 
Nov. 6. received [Wa.shington's] letter with five jiuineas; i.< the fin^t and 

only compent^ation he has received for thr'ee years of faithful 
f-ervice af risk of his life; Abraham Banker and his l^rother 
have assisted him and expenses of their keeping the company 
necessary to obtain the information has been great; is surprised 
at the letter sent [John] Hendricks asking for information as to 
embarkation of Oct. 16th; exact account was sent; mentions regi- 
ments ami commanders again; has described works on Yurk 
Island; depended on Banker for Brooklyn forts but he was taken 
sick; sends rough sketch of those works and the New York city 
fortifications; will send a true draft at first opportunity; will leave 
it entirely to Capt. [James?] Hendricks; [Lt.] Gen. [Sir Henry] 
Clinton is going into winter quarters on Long Island for at least 
a month; his baggage has been moved. A. L. S. 8 pp. F". 

Vanderhovern's intelligence was usually sent to Washington through agents 
over the signature Littel D. To those letters that went directly to Washington 
his real name was aflRxed. 

1780. Culper, Samuel. Secret agent near New York. [Setauket, New York.] 
[Nov. 28.] Letter to John Bolton. Congratulates him on burning forage [at 

Oyster Bay]; location of detachments under [Col. Gabriel G.] 
Ludloe [Ludlow] and Major [Thomas?] Golden; many could be 
easily captured; British frigate lost at Hellgate; intends to ride 
through the lines and have more news by Dec. 20th; j^ossibly 
10th; [Caleb Brew'ster] might cross and give instructions at that 
time; number sent on British expedition is as was given [Oct. 
2(ith] ; destination is certainly Charleston. A. L. S. 2 pp. F". 

1780. Culper, Samuel. Secret agent near New York. [Setauket, New York.] 
[Dec. 12.] Letter to John Bolton. Has received his letters [of Nov. 20th and 

Dec 9th]; will serve the cause faithfully; has received reliable 
news [from New York] ; another [British] expedition expected; 
enemy has grave fears for [Charles, Earl] Cornwallis; great deso- 
lation in English We.st Indies by the hurricane; encloses account 
of affairs at Jamaica; real condition is much worse; no news at 
l)resent ; [Brewster] will come from [New York] on [25th] ; is 
l)lanning a trip himself; trade is brisk; more goods going to Whigs 
from New York; two members of Continental Congress and a 
Judge of the Supreme Court are engaged in trade; will tell more 
later; asks [Bolton's] opinion of such conduct. A.I^. S. 2])]). F". 

1780. Culper, Samuel. Secret agent near New York. Letter to John Bolton. 
[Dec. 24.] Returned from New York yesterday; [Brig.] Gen. [Benedict] 

Arnold, sailed with 1600 men on 20th; is entrusted with mili- 
tary chest and has abundant funds at his disposal; [Lt.] Col. 
[John Graves] Simcoe is with him; destination uncertain; prob- 
ably Virginia, for Charles Williams, a refugee from Virginia 
is with them; Arnold not favored l)y [British] officers; "is 
called the Rebel Fleet"; enemy has accounts of large fleet sailing 
from France; 4000 [French] troops maybe expected soon; about 
7500 British forces fit for duty; horses in jwor condition; Admiral 
[George Brydges] Rodney has sent many prisoners to England; 
requests that exchanges be frequent; Whigs not allowed to aid 
prisoners in New Y^ork; will obtain more news by [Brewster] and 
his own expected trip in January. A. L. S. 2 pp. F". 



168 CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCKIPTS. 

[r7(S0?] Canada, Intelligence from. Eneniy't^ force consist of about 8000 men; 
name-s of new corps and their strength; forces at different garri- 
sons, Isle au Noix, St. Johns, Carleton Island, etc.; description 
of Quebec; its fortifications and garrison; estimate of length of 
siege necessary to redaction of St. Johns; strength of garrisons 
mentioned above; Col. [Thomas?] Peters will, with his regiment, 
join the Americans and deliver up any garrison he commands; 
attitude of the clergy is one of self interest; nobles will work 
against the Americans; attitude of the people at large is one of 
apathy to both side.<. Endor^^ed l)y Washington: "Intelligence 
from Canada by " 10 pp. F". 

[1780-81.] German Troops in America. List forwarded to Gen. George Washington 
[New Windsor, New York]. Regiments and commanders with 
the British Army; location and number of men; list of regi- 
ments given; 10,510 troops in all; 300 north of Kings Bridge. 
Endorsed bv Washington: "List of the Germen Troops". 
Ip. F". 

Names given in index. This list is signed Fiilirer and seems to have been 
furnished Washington by some agent within the British lines. 

1781. Knox, Henry. Brig, gen., Continenkd unny. "Park of Artillery" [New 
Jan. 5. Windsor, New York.] Estimate submitted to Gen. George 

Washington [New Windsor, New York]. Ordnance and military 
stores necessary for campaign of 1781; muskets, pistols, flints, lead 
etc. and artillery supplies; goods to be imported; America'n gun 
carriages; shot and shell are of a high grade. D. S. Endorsed by 
Stephen Moylan: "General Knox's Estimate of military Stores 
necessary for Campaign of 1781 ". 3 pp. V". 

1781. H[atfield,] Cornelius. Cajjt., British jirnrinciul troopa. Chatham [New 
Jan. 13. Jersey]. Letter to " Capt. [ ]G — d". Will meet him two 

days lateral hour and place mentioned in his last letter; "3" 
was at Chatham; " I should have complied with yours this day"; 
"If it should rain, the next fair day". L. S. " 13" and endorsed: 
" Copy of a note from Cornelius H. to Capt. G — d ". 1 p. Q". 

Capt. Hattield or Hetfield, was an American Loyalist in the British service. 
This letter is a copy forwarded to Washington by a secret agent near New York. 

17S1. Cadieux, Pierre. Private in col. Moses Hazen' .^ Canadian regiment. "De 
Jan. 17. hoe-pointe" [near West Point?] Petition to His Excellency 

[Maj. Gen. Marie Jean Paul Joseph Roche Yves Gilbert du Motier] 
Marquis de "Lafayet" [Lafayette]. The petitioner was selected 
to make a trip to Canada, on public service, to obtain information; 
went under command of a Lieutenant of his regiment, making 
the trip in the winter; another journey for the same object was 
made under command of Capt. [Clement] Gosselin of same regi- 
ment; for neither of these expeditions has the writer received any 
recompense; begs that the General will aid him in his endeavors 
to obtain the amount due him. A. D. S. 1 p. F". 
In French. 

1781. Gosselin, Clement. Capt., col. 3Toscs Hazen's Canadian regiment. Fish- 
Jan. 18. kill [New York]. Certificate that Pierre Caj'^en [Cadieux], a 
volunteer, has, in execution of orders from His Excellency [Gen. 
George Washington] and from "L' honourable Major General Le 



CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 169 

1781. Gosselin, Clement — Continued. 
Jan. 18. Maquis La faillette" [Lafayette] made two trips to Canada car- 

rying intelligence and obtaining information, and has done his 
duty honestly and in good faith. A. D. S. 1 p. Q". 
In French. 

1781. Goulet, .lean. Lt., col. Moses Hazen's Canadian regiment. Fishkill [New 
Jan. York]. Petition to Gen. George Washington [Morristown? New 

Jersey]. AVas a refugee from Canada after the fall of [Brig.] 
Gen. [Richard] Montgomery [1775]; has been employed since 
with Capt. [Clement] Gosselin and Lt. [AmaV>le] Boileau for 21 
years gathering information in Canada; has received no pay; his 
family has suffered heavily since the retreat; his house has l)een 
plundered and his jiapers burnt; prays that the matter ])e taken 
into consideration and justice done him. L. >S. 4 pp. F". 

[17S1.] Gosselin, Clement. C(i]>t., col. Moses Hazen's Canadian regiment. [New 
[Jan?] Windsor, New York.] Report to Gen. George W^ashington, 

regarding conditions in Canada. 4200 troops in Canada; 1800 
English; 1200 German; 1200 Tories; located, 800 at Point Lewis, 
2000 at Quebec and remainder l)etween Quel)ec and Isle de Noix; 
officers are "[Lt.] Gen. [Frederick] Haldman [Haldiinan], Brig. 
Gen. [Francis] Macklinne [McLean], [Lt.] Col. [John] Cambel 
[Campbell] & CoL [Benjamin] Bernard"; description of de- 
fences at Quebec and Point Levis; transportation facilities; avail- 
able supplies; landings for troops; majority in Canada favor French 
and Americans; eager to rebel but fear lack of support; Canadian 
troops, except English, well disposed towards America; Indians 
may be won through Jean Vincent, chief of the Hurons; ]\Iont- 
gomery's example may l)e followed. L. S. witnessed by 
Athanas Boudeau " temoins en Canada " . 4 pp. F". 

In Frenoli. 

17S1. Rocliambeau, Jean Baptiste Donatien de Vimeure Count de. Lf. gen. 
Mar. 7. '(//(/ Commander In chief of French ar)ny in America. [Newport, 

Rhode Island.] Report of sick and wounded of the French Army 
in the hospital at Newport. Tabulated statement giving returns 
for the several divisions and regiments of the French troops; ad- 
dressed: " ^Monsieur le Comte de Rochambeau" and attested. 
Endorsed l)y Washington: "Report of ye Sick of the French 
Army. Newport, ^Nlarch 17S1". 1 p. Q". 

1781, Blaine, Ephraim. Col. and commissary general of purchases. Newl)urgh 
ilar. 21. [New York]. Letter [to Gen. George AVashington, Newlnirgh]. 

All his public transactions with [William] Buchanan and [Jere- 
miah] Wadsworth since 1779 are still unsettled; Congress has 
fixed this month for admittance of these accounts; desires [Wash,- 
ington's] approl^ation of his conduct and a leave of al)sence; 
believe.-' he can be better spared now than at another time; his 
assistant and Col. [Charles] Stewart's will render every aid; 
should he leave the army, will V>e always at His Excellency's 
service. A. L. S. Endorsed: "A Copy of a Letter to Gen). Wash- 
ington." 3 pp. F". 



170 CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 

1781. Liauzun, Aniiand Lonin (le Gontaut, Ducde. Brlij.gen., ('ontlnentai army. 

Mar. Lel)anun [Connecticut]. A tal)ulated return [to Gen. George 

Washington] of his legion. Num])ers and locations of various 

detachments. Endorsed by Washini,4on: " Return of the Duke 

of Lauzens Legion at Lebanon ". D. ^;. 1 p. (I". 

17S1. Gosselin, Clement. <''i/it., cul. Moxi-x Ilict'n'x ('((iiKilian reyhneiit. New 
May 2. Windsor [New York]. Letter [to Brig. Gen. Ja(!oV) Bayley? 

Fishkill, New York]. Has no wish to receive more money than 
will compensate him for actual expenses of his Canadian trip; the 
honor and jjrivilege of serving a noble cause are sufficient reward 
for his own services; for the money that he has advanced however, 
it is.only just that he should be compensated; presents act«unt of 
his expenses incurred on this expedition. 

Account as above for $305, Continental tnirrency, covering 
expenses of Capt. Gosselin and seven men since leaving Preakness 
July 3, 1780. A. L. S. 2 pp. F". 
In French. 

1781. Brooks, D[avid.] Lt. nii<l nsd. dothier gen. of New York trtjop,^. New burgh 
May 15. [New York]. Letter to [Lt.] Col. Tench Tilghman [New AVind- 

sor. New York]. The bearer, Mrs. Mary Smith, is in straightene<l 
circumstances; her kindness to American prisoiiers in New Y^ork; 
himself and other ofl&cers, taken prisoners, lodged at her house for 
three months; she received no recompense; has been imprisoned 
by British for carrying food to American prisoners; destitute and 
was banished by Mayor [David] Matthews [Mathews] ; Congress 
knows of the case; has directed [New Y'ork] State to consider the 
matter; a small sum has been appropriated for her relief; this 
sum is now exhausted; requests that she be recommended to Gen. 
[George] Washington for "a lasting order for a daily ration " ; 
has spent a C()mfortable competency to relieve our distressed sol- 
diery; "Justice not to say humanity, requires that she have at 
least soldiers Fare"; gratitude impels him to make this repre- 
sentation. A. L. S. Endorsed by Tilghman: " Mrs. Smiths 
Case". 4 pp. Q". 

[1781?] Ledyard, Isaac. Assl. purvei/ur, liottpital department. Letter to [Lt. ] Col. 

[May 15?] [Tench] Tilghman, " Headquarters " [New AVindsor, New Y'ork]. 

The bearer of this is Mrs. [Mary] Smyth [Smith] ; recounts her 
ministrations to American prisoners in New Y''ork; sold her fur- 
niture and mortgaged her house to raise money to aid them; 
was arrested several times for giving the aid; disguised herself 
and persevered in her efforts; was finally ])anished; on [Afej. ] 
Gen. [Alexander] McDougall's recommendation the writer pro- 
cured her a position as hospital nurse; has been discharged there 
being now no patients; [John] Jay has written Congress concern- 
ing her; Congress recommended her to the New York Assembly 
which granted her a small sum of money; this is exhausted and 
she is suffering for bread; wishes Gen. [George] Washington may 
grant her provisions; her case is meritorious. A. L. S. 2 pp. Q". 

1781. Culper, Samuel. Secret agent near New York. Setauket [New Y'ork]. 

May 19. Letter [to John Bolton]. Has received his letter of 3d; regrets 

that he cannot fully comply with his request; neither he nor 

C[ulper] jr. could find a suitable agent in [New York]; reasons 



CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. I7l 

1781. Culper, Samuel — Continneil. 
May 19. for thinking the British .su.spei-t hiiu ni being an American agent; 

can give reported newri for some time; A[micuH] R[eipubHc:ae] 
brings reports from Ne\v York and from Cfulper] jr.; [Vice] 
Admiral [Marriot] Arlmthnot with troops mentioned in last let- 
ter, sailed on Sunday [May 13th] to block the Delaware passage; 
is expected to appear at Block Island soon; British have impressed 
300 American prisoners upon their war ships; news from Europe 
favors peace; Russian Am])assador [Johann ]\lathias Simolin] 
said to have left the British court; has no time for a longer letter; 
Capt. [ ] Hazard with a party of refugees soon return to Fort 
George. A. L. S. - pji. K". 

[1781?] New York City, Attack ujKjn. Outline of i)lan [submitted to (Jen. 

[June?] George Washingtcm, New Windsor, New York]. Troops to be 

used; arrangement of other forces; conditions necessary to secure 
.secrecy; [Brig.] Gen. [Henry] Knox to be notified of movements 
along the Hudson; materials necessary for the attack; provision 
for retreat in case of ill success; necessity of having men <letailed 
for service on the boats. 6 pp. F". 

This document probably has reference to the attack proposed for June 28 
and attempted by Gen. Lincoln on July 2. See: Washington, George, Letter 
to Brig. Gen. Edward Hand 1780, Nov. 

17S1. Culper, Samuel. Secret agent near New York. Setauket [New York]. 
•Inly 7. Letter to John Bolton. "Inclosed I send you a report . . . 

procured from our old Assistants" [in New York]. 
A. L. S. 1 ji. F". 

For report, see <iocument following 

17S1. Ne-w York, British Forces at. Secret information [sent to Gen. George 
.July 3-7. Washington, Phillipsburg, New York]. British fleet composed of 

seven ships of the line and six frigates is at [Sandy] Hook; [Rear] 
Admiral [Thomas, Lord] Graves commands; [Vice] Admiral 
[Marriot] Arbuthnot has returned to England; ship Royal Oak 
gone to Halifax for repairs; sufficient vessels remain to transport 
whole British Army and most of its stores; location of troops; 
[Lt.] Col. [Richard] Hewlett is at Jamaica [New York]; other 
regiments; American attack feared ; efforts to win over the Whigs; 
[Lt. Col. Francis,] Lord Rawdon has received 1200 reenforcements 
at Charleston [South Carolina]; some recruits sent to Virginia; 
subjugation of Southern States intended; no reenforcements 
expected at New York; Pensacola has surrendered to the Span- 
iards; British garrison is to come to New York; while prisoners 
of Spain they may act against America; 1000 troops gained in 
this way; troops in New York including British, Hessians and 
new levies amount to 6000 men; refugees, sailors, militia etc. 
3000. 2 pp. F°. 

Thi.s letter was sent to Samuel ('ulpcr and by hiin forwarded to .lolm Bolton. 
See document preceding. 

1781. S. G. Secret agent near New York. [New York?] Letter t(j " R. M." 

July 8. [Richard Muirson?]. Ten ships under [Rear] Admiral [Thomas, 

Lord] Graves are just outside [Sandy] Hook; [Vice Admiral 

Marriot] Arbuthnot sailed for England on the 6th; abundant 

artillery and plenty of transports to move men and stores but 



172 CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 

1781. S. G.— Continued. 
July iS. no .sailors; nearly whole British force gathered at [King's] Bridge 

to prevent Americans entering city; no offensive movement 
intended; no reenforcements since last letter; Lt. Gen. [Charle;. 
Earl] Cornwallis with 3000 men hourly expected from south; 
his convoy is but one frigate; location of [British] and Loyalist 
troops; Col. Hulet [Lt. Col. Richard Hewlett] is at Jamaica; three 
British officers said a joint attack by French and Americans, 
V)}' both land and sea, would take New York; Grenada and Peii- 
sacola taken by Spaniards; 400 prisoners captured and sent to 
New York on parole; express from Virginia arrived on the 6th; 
Tobago was invested by French; has probably fallen; St. Lucia 
must soon follow ; English are discouraged ; ' ' Now is your time ' ' ; 
"push frigates in the sound"; "you have beat them at the 
l)ridge"; "almost all the Hessians were cutt off with Capt. Row 
[Lt. Robert Roe]"; five Continentals brought into the city; three 
are wounded; two have died. A. L. S. 2 pp. F". 

R. M. was an agent who transmitted communications from New York to 
Maj. Benj. Tallmadge. 

1781. S. G. iSecret ayent near Nev York. [Stoney Brook, New York.] Letter 
July In. to [Major Benjamin] T[allmadge, Phillipsburg, New York]. 

Encloses " Rivington's" account of Hessian reenfon^ements 
[James Rivington's "Royal Gazette" of July 4th and 7th?]; 
account is exaggerated; real numV)er not over 1500 or 2000; " the 
most sickly troops my eyes ever beheld " ; have yellow fever; many 
suspect they came from the south; if from England, [Lt.] Cien. 
[Sir Henry] C[linton] did not expect them; location of British 
fleet unknown; sailed from the Hook three weeks ago [June 
23d?] ; no alterations in defences ; Fort Huntington to be enlarged ; 
Stoney Brook harbor [50 miles N. E. of Brooklyn] to be fortified 
to protect refugees in woodcutting; result will be the ruin of the 
towns and interruption of secret intelligence; "prevent their 
coming off if you can " ; fleet seen off the hook on Monday [9th?] ; 
character unknown. A. L. S. Endorsed: "August 15th. 1781, 
Culper on matters & things ". 2 pp. F". 

1781. S. G. Secret agent near Netv York. [Stoney Brook? New York.] Letter 
July 30. to John Bolton. Garrison and equipment of [British] forts at 

Lloyd's Neck; Blue Mountain, Vaughan, and two other vessels 
guard the harbor; best pilots at Norwalk [Connecticut]; depth 
of water in [Lloyd's Neck] harl)or; Capt. [ ] Steel expected 
with a frigate from New York; description of fort at Lloyds Neck; 
little news from New York; [British] fleet sailed Sunday [July 
22d] ; thought to have gone south ' ' after the troops ' ' ; ship lately 
from England reports French fleet of 12 sail en route for America; 
British troops at New York need reenforcement before active 
operations; sends "roughf scetch" of fortifications at Lloyds 
Neck; is ready to fulfil any commission at short notice; A. L. S. 
2 pp. P'. 

sketch mentioned is on verso. 

1781. Gibbs, Caleb. Major, 2d 3Iassac}iuMtf< regiment. [Phillipsburg, New 

July 30. York.] "Pickett No. 5." A tabular report to Maj. Gen. [AVil- 

liam] Heath and Col. Benjamin Tupper [Phillipsburg]. Pickets 

of American Army, mounted July 29, 1781; countersign and 



CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. l73 

1781. Gibbs, Calel:) — Continued. 
July 30. parole; report of occurrences during tlie period of -watcli; light 

at Mr?:. [ ] Archer's house investigated; relieved by ^lajor 

[Wills] Clift. Countersigned by Tupper. D. S. Endorsed "Re- 
port of the Picketts of the American Army indunted July 29, 
1781". On verso, in Washington's handwriting, is an estimate 
of the regular troops in the American Army by corj.s and of the 
militia ])y states. 2 pp. F". 

1781. Soutb Carolina, [State.] British Forces hi. [rhillij)sl)urg? New York.] 
Aug. 10. Estimate compiled from various reports and submitted, with mar- 

ginal notes [to Gen. George Washington, Phillipsburg]. [^laj.] 
Gen. [Nathanael] Greene, on Jan. 6th "i)revious to the affair of 
Morgan" [Battle of Cowpens] estimated troops at 5455; deduct 
army sent to Virginia, estimated by Greene at 3250; troops sent 
were [Maj. Gen. Alexander] Leslie's Hessians, "Brigdr. Genl. 
Oharra's [Col. Charles O'Hara's] Guards", portions of 71st. regi- 
ment, [Lt. Col. Sir Banastre] Tarlton's [Tarleton's] legion and 
[Lt. Gen. Sir Robert?] Hamilton's corps; troops remaining in 
South Carolina are 7th., 17th., 63d., 64th., and one battalion 71st. 
regiments. Volunteers of Ireland, Croger's [Lt. Col. John Harris 
Cruger's] and [Lt. Col. William] Allen's [Loyalists], [Capt. John?] 
Harrison's c^orps, Hessians and Yagers, in all 2220; there are to be 
deducted: troops captured by [Brig.] Gen. [Daniel] ^Morgan, by 
[Lt.] Col. [Henry] Lee, those captured at Forts Watson, Granby 
and Mott, at Orangeburgh and those left at Campden [Camden] 
and Augusta; in all 1495 men [leaving 725 British troops in the 
state]. Endorsed liy Washington: "State of the Enemy's force 
in So. Carolina lOth. Aug. 81". 2 )»p. F". 

[ 1 781 . ] Rochambeau, Jean Baptiste Donatien de Vimeure, Count de. /./. ,'/''/(. mid 
[Oit. 2.] nnninander in cJnef of thr French army in America. [Camp before 

Yorktown, Virginia.] Return [to Gen. George Washington, near 
Yorktown]. "Wounded and Killed of the french army during 
the seige of York." Return from Sept. 6th to Octolter 1st; 1 
officer and 59 privates kille<l; 17 officers and 176 i)nvatt's wounded. 
ContemjMirary copy. 1 p. Q". 

17S1. Durie, Thomas. Dfpulii cunuiiisKdri/ uf jirit«mer^. " Camj) near York- 
Oct. L\ town" Return [to Gen. George Washington, near Yorktown]. 
"Prisoners of War taken by the Army under the conunand of 
Major General [Marie Jean Paul Joseph Roche Yves Gilbert du 
Motier] Marquiss De Layfayatte". Names of 24 prisoners and 
their places of confinement. 1 \>. ¥". 

Names given in inde.x. 

[17S1.] Yorktown, [Virginia.] British Forces at. Information [sent to Gen. 
Oct. 4. George Washington, near Yorktown]. York river blockaded 

[by Frencli tieet undei' Lt. Gen. Francois Joseph Paul, Comte de 
Grasse-Tilly]; channel blocked by ten or twelve sunken vessels 
and by driven ))iles; ships Clummand Guadeloupe deiend the town; 
twelve large barks have been collected [to transport troops]; 
[Lt. Gen. Charles, P^arl] Cornwallis desires more but cannot 
obtain them; provisions are failing; [Lt. Col. Banastre] Tarleton 
with 400 horse gone to (ilouce.ster; fortifications of Yorktown; 



174 CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 

[17S1.] Yorkto-wn, [Virginia.] — -Continued. 
Oct. 4. aid hoped foi' from [Rear Admiral Thomas, Lord] Graves and 29 

ships; 3 [ships] came with [Rear Admiral Robert] Digby; lelief 
of Cornwallis to consist of 10,000 troops from New York and 
those with Digby; Cornwallis eager to escape; will hold out as 
long as possible; has received despatches from New York l)y 
a small vessel; route has been discovered [by Americans] and 
will be guarded; fire ships jirepared in case [American] vessels 
attempt to ascend [York] river; much illness [in Yorktown]; 
crossing to Gloucester impossible, l^ecause of lack of boats; En- 
dorsed: "Information given by the Commander of a boat taken 
in York River". 3 pp. F". ■ 

1781. Rochambeau, Jean Baptiste Donatien de Vimeure, Count de. Lt. yen. 
Oct. lo. and commander in chief of French army in America. [Camp before 

Yorktown, Virginia.] Return [to Gen. George Washington, near 
Yorktown] . ' ' Killed and Wounded of the French troops since the 
beginning of the Siege of York. ' ' From the 6th to the 7th October, 
8 wounded; 7th-8th, 6 wounded; 8th-9th, 1 killed, 1 wounded; 
9th-10th, 5 wounded; lOth-llth, 1 killed, 1 wounded; 11th- 
12th, 7 wounded; 12th-13th, 6 killed, 11 wounded; 13th-14th, 
1 killed, 31 wounded; 14th-15th, 41 killed, 57 wounded; total, 
50 killed, 127 wounded; "Nine officers wounded two of them are 
dead now." Endorsed by Tilghman: "Copy of Return of the 
killed and wounded in the French Army up to the 14th. October. 
1781" 2 pp. F«. 

17.S1. Durie, Thomas. Deputy commissary of prisoners. "Camp before York 
Oct. is. Town" [Virginia.] Return [to Gen. George Washington, near 

Yorktown]. Prisoners of war taken Oct. 16th; names of their 
regiments and places of confinement: Thomas Fuller, William 
Walker, James Wanson, George Nicholson, William Grimes, and 
Casper Noel. A. L. S. 1 p. F". 

17S1. Cornwallis, [Charles, Earl.] Lt. yen. ''commanding the yarrisons of York 
Oct. 19. A- Gloucester" and Symonds, Thomas. Cnpt. " Commandiny his 

Brittanick Majesty's naval forces in York River" Capitulation at 
Yorktown. The fourteen articles of capitulation agreed to between 
Gen. [George] Washington, Lt. Gen. [Jean Baptise Donatien de 
Vimeure,] Count de Rochambeau and Lt. Gen. [Francois Joseph 
Paul,] Count de Grasse [-Tilly] on the one part, and Lt. Gen. 
[Charles,] Earl Cornwallis and [Capt.] Thomas Symonds on the 
other part; articles proposed, with Washington's reply to each. 
D. S. 9 pp. F". 

Printed: Sparks, Writings of Washington. 8,533. Facsimile: Watson, His- 
torical and Literary Curiosities, 6th. ed. 1st. Ser., pi. 34. 

1781. Hand, Edward. Brig, and adj. yen., Continental army. [Yorktown, Vir- 
Oct. ginia.] Return [to Gen. George Washington, near Yorktown]. 

"Killed and Wounded of the Combined Army from the 28th. 

September 1781 to the 19th October"; 2 commissioned 

officers killed, 27 wounded; 86 non-commissioned officers killed 

and 273 wounded. A. D. S. 1 p. F". 
See: Documents following. 



CALENDAR (>F WASHlNGTt)N MANUSCRIPTS. 175 

1781. Hand, Edward. JJvig. (uid adj. gen., Continental ariiu/. [Yorktowu, Vir- 
[Oct.] Kiiiia.] A talmlated return [to Gen. George Washington, near 

Yorktown]. Killed and \\()anded in the American Army from 
28th Sept. to the night of the 14th of October following; total 
of 16 Continentals and 4 militia killed; 40 Continentals and 16 
militia wounded; Col. [Alexander] Scannuell and Capt. [William?] 
White of Col. [Joseph] Vose's battalion killed and Capt. [Clement] 
Gosselin of [Brig.] Gen. [Moses] Hazen's regiment wounded; 
following officers wounded at storming of redoubts: Lt. Cols. 
[Francis] Earlier and [ — de] Gimat, Major [William] Barber, 
Capts. [Stephen] Olney and [Thomas] Hunt, Capt-Lt. [David] 
Kirkpatrick and Lt. [John] Mansfield; additional tabular state- 
ment of killed and wounded in American Army since Oct. 15th. 
txrand total during theseige: Continentals, 21 killed, 7H wounded; 
militia, 5 killed, 20 wounded. D. S. 1 p. F". 

17S1. Durie, TIkuiius. Ihpdli/ coiiunis.mri/ of pri-fonern. [Camp before Y<irk- 
Oct. town, Virginia.] Return [to Gen. George Washington, near York- 

t<iwn]. "Officers & Privates, Prisoners of War taken the 14 Octo- 
l)er 1781"; 65 privates; officers taken: Major James Campbell, 
Capt. Duncan Cameron, [Capt.] Patrick Tytler, Lieut. Thomas 
Innes, [Lt. Ernst] William du Andresohn [Andersohn], Ensign 
Nicholas [Nikolaus] Rune' k [Runk]. A.D. S. Endorsed: "Re- 
turn of Prisoners taken in the Redoul)ts night of the 14t. October 
1781-". 1 p. F". 

17S1. Durie? Thomas. Depaty commissary of j'risoners. [Yorktown, Virginia.] 
( )ci. Tal)ulated return [to Gen. George Washington, near Yorktown]. 

Prisoners taken on the surrender of [Charles,] Lord Cornwallis at 
York and Gloucester; grand total of 7054. Copy. 2 pp. F". 

Acconntaiit maki's griuid total 7(149. 

[17SI.] [Varick, Richard.] lA. col. and serretanj to Waxhimjton. Memorandum 
of palmers relative to routes into Canada. " Bundle No. Ill" List 
of letters written to Washington by Maj. Gen. [Philip] Schuyler 
and Col. [Goose] Van Schaick with Col. [John] Bradstreet's Jour- 
nal and memorandum of route given by Lt. [Th(jmas] McClelan. 
A. D. Endorsed by Varick: "Memor. of Papers relative to routes 
into Canada by Oswego & from F. Schuyler to Oswegashie ". 1 p. 
F«. 

[17.S2.] New York, British Forces at. Secret information [sent to Gen. George 
[Jan.S.] Washington, Philadelphia]. List of regiments, their size and 

location on York, Staten and Long Islands; late accounts of an 
expedition have no foundation; "Powles" [Paulus] Hook and 
dependencies being strengthened; will forward accurate return of 
Hessians and Provincials as soon as possible. Endorsed: "Intel- 
ligence from Staten Island 8th. Jany. 1782." 1 p. Q». 

1782. Stirling, [William Alexander, Lord.] Maj. gen., Continental army. 
Jan. 14. [Albany, New York.] Memorandum [to Gen. George Washing- 
ton, Philadelphia]. Memorandum is for "immediate considera- 
tion" ; relates to an attai-k upon British vessels, .supi>o.sedly caught 
in the ice on Lake Champlain; if not done at once, it might be 
wise to attempt the operation in case the attack on New York is 



17(5 CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 

1782. Stirling, [William Alexander, Lord] — Continued. 
Jan. 14. unsuccessful ; may extend the plan so that Montreal and other 

cities of Canada could be held by the United States at the close 
of the war. L. S. Endorsed by Varick: "Lord Stirling's plan of 
an attack upon the enemys posts in the course of the Winter." 
3 pp. F". 

1782. Ne-w York, British Forces at. Secret information [sent to Gen. George 
Feb. H. AVashington, Philadelphia]. An "accurate account of the Can- 

tonements of the several British & Hessian Regiments together 
with the new raised Cori)S Ac&c"; troops that went to Charles- 
ton "last winter" were (Germans; more are to be sent; [Rear] 
Admiral [Robert] Digby commands in [New York] harbor; 
[Rear] Admiral [Thomas, Lord] Graves and [Rear] Admiral 
[Samuel] Hood have gone to the West Indies. 1 p. F". 

1782. Liee, Henry. Lt. col., Continental drugoona and gen,. , Virgbda militia. West- 
Ajjr. 22. moreland county [Virginia]. Letter to Gen. [George] Wash- 

ington [Newburgh, New York]. Matter on which he troubles 
him concerns a large number of officers; his corps was employed 
in impressing horses; power of discretion in warrants issued from 
headquarters; before the legion was put under [Maj.] Gen. 
[Nathanael] Greene it was collecting horses in New Jersey and 
Pennsylvania; Lt. [James] Heard operated in Monmouth county 
[New Jersey], under direction of Capt. [Michael] Rudolph; took 
stallions; a Mr. Anderson got an order [from Washington] for 
return of his, but stallion had been gelded; Heard was stopped, 
on returning to Army from leave of absence, by suit of Anderson 
and will be tried in August; precedent that will be thus estab- 
lished is dangerous; no officers will be safe; begs His Excellency's 
interposition for Heard. A. L. S. 5 pp. F". 

[1782.] DeMott, Mark. Capt., New York militia. Secret information [sent to Gen. 
[Apr. 27.] George Washington, Newburgh, New York]. Number and loca- 

tion of British troops in Canada; 970 men located at seven jiosts; 
main bodies at Montreal, Carleton Island and Oswego. ] \>. F". 

The name of this writer is spelled also DeMonth. 

17s2. Culper, Samuel. Secret agent near Xeir York. [Setauket, New York.] 
May 5. Letter to [Caleb Brewster?], "cessation of amies is orderd"; 

' ' terms of peace are gone to Congre.s.s " ; " Conditions is here un- 
known; but generally Supposed Independence is offerd " ; enemy 
continue to fortify on York and Long Island. A. L. S. 1 p. F". 

1782. li. G. Secret agent near New York. Information [sent to Gen. George 
May 20. Washington, Newburgh, New York]. Fleet of empty transports 

and fell down to Narrows last Sunday [26th]; convoy is small; belief 

[June I!'.'] general that destination is southward; operations on Long Island; 

defensive action alone intended; battle between French and Eng- 
lish in West Indies said to have been severe on former; informa- 
tion given is from "our old correspondent" [Culper jr?]; best 
not to mention names. A. L. S. 1 p. F". 

This is probably the .same writer as the one elsewhere .signing his informa- 
tion S. G. 



CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 177 

1782. S. G. Secret agent near Xew York. Letter to John Bolton. Left New 
May 23. York last Tuesday [21st] ; 53 transports and one war shii^ have 

sailed for "Urope" since arrival of Sir Guy Carleton; all troops 
in New York "even to officer's servants" reviewed on ^Monday 
[20th]; total 4100 men; 5000 others at McGowen's Pass, the 
Bridge and on Long Island; great reductions in forage and bar- 
rack master's departments; wagons and horses being sold; 80 
transports are preparing to sail on short notice; 7000 troops ready 
to embark; no report of an expedition but fears one; [Lt. Gen. 
Sir Guy Carleton] said to be unable to grant independeni-e until 
after hearing from England. A. L. S. 2 pp. F". 

1782. S. G. Secret agent near Sew York. Letter to [John Bolton?]. Lines 
June 3. planned by [Lt.] Gen. [Sir Henry] Clinton "between Brookline 

Church & the Ferry" not to be executed; [Lt.] Gen. [Sir Guy] 
Carleton wishes them more extensive; new plans; fleet of 50 
transports fell down to [Sandy] Hook May 28th; some say it is to 
sail for Halifax; more probably to Carolina; will sail soon and 
convoy is weak; town committee has asked Carleton if he intends 
to evacuate the city; latter could not reply; boats that were to 
have come on Saturday [June Ist] have not arrived. A. L. S. 
2 pp. Q". 

1782. Pray, John. Capt. , 1st Massachusetts regiment. Dobbs Ferry [New York]. 
June 17. Letter to Gen. [George] Washington [Newburgh, New York]. 

Eeceived a letter from [Lt.] Col. [Jonathan] Trumbull [jr.] con- 
taining a copy of a representation sent by a person with a flag; 
detained same; gives following account of what passe<i between 
them: On going to Tarrytown on 8th inst., found a British 
dragoon with a handkerchief on a stick who handed him two 
letters; returned them stating that all flags were received at 
Dobbs Ferry; dragoon stated that he had been told at Newbridge 
to go to Tarrytown and ask for Capt. Pray; put him under guard 
and forwarded the letters to [Maj.] Gen. [William] Heath; Capt. 
[ ] Totten next morning interrogated prisoner, who stated that 
he had delivered two letters to Gen. [George] Washington and 
received two from him to be taken into York but that [Pray] had 
stopped him and taken them away from him; Totten took dra- 
goon off with him; intended giving dragoon a receipt for letters 
when [Heath] had received them; sends guard that was with 
him when he met the dragoon, also Capt. Daniel Martting [Mar- 
tin]. A. L. S. Endorsed: "Representation of Capt. Pray re- 
spectg. the Dragoon Moorfield — sent out from N. York wth a 
Flag by Lan.l 1782". 4 pj). F". 

1782. S. G. Secret agent near New York. Letter to John Bolton. No troops in 
June 28. New York except a few Hessians; militia does rest of work; 

British troops are on eastern jjart of York Island; Fort Washing- 
ton is dismantled; continual fear of attack; many vessels being 
purchased to sink at [Sandy] Hook if the French come; large 
supplies of wood demanded; packet has arrived from England 
but had 'not come up the harbor when [S. G.] left the city. 
A. L. S. 2 ]ip. Q". 

191U8— 01 i\l 



178 CALENDAE OF WASHINGTON MANUSCEIPTS. 

178-!. Culper, Samuel. Secret agent near New York. [Setauket, New York.] 
July 5. Letter to John Bolton. Information is from "our esteemed 

frienda at "; Lloyds Neck lias Init 200 men under Major 

[ ] Hubbel; defence is weak and force decreasing; 1000 men 
including Col. [John] Murray's horse under Col. [Frederick "\Vil- 
helm von] Wurmb at "Success" [Suffolk county, N. Y.]; 1000 
men at Brooklyn Church; Col. [Gabriel G.] Ludloe's [Ludlow's] 
regiment is at Flatbush; location of other troops; conditions in 
New York uiider [Lt. Gen. Sir Guy] Carleton compared with 
those under [Lt. Gen. Sir Henry] Clinton; troops from Charles- 
ton expected; much illegal trade; Capt. William Davidson of 
Milford, [Connecticut,] now trading at New York; many other 
cases; effectual preventives should be used. A. L. S. 3 pp. F". 

1782. Ricliard, Henry. [Westmoreland county, Pennsylvania.] Deposition. 

July 7. Taken prisoner by Indians on INIay 5th and carried to settle- 

ments of the Sis Nations; expeditions that were projected and 
started before his escape with Adam Groninger; orders Avere 
received from Capt. [?] John Johnson and Joseph Brant. D. S. 
Denison, Nathan. "Justice Peace" Westmoreland. Attestation to 

above. A. D. S. 
Denison, Nathan. Colonel. Letter to Gen. [George] AVashington [Xew- 
burgh. New York]. A number of gentlemen are here that can 
^■oueh for the honesty of Richard; by own observation considers 
him an intelligent person. A. L. S. Endorsed: "Westmoreland 
July 7th. 1782. Information of Indian designs to attack the 
Mohawk country ' ' . 

July 12. King, Frederick. Mail-carrierf "Post Office Morristown." [New Jer- 
sey. ] ' ' Post from Philad. was stopt about 2 miles So. of Trenton 
f nd the Mail & papers taken from him — by Six Horsemen & four 
foot men: — " 2 pp. F°. 

1782. Pickering, Timothy. Col. and quartermaster general Continental army. 
Oct. 15. "Camp Verplanks Point" [New York.] Letter to Gen. [George] 

Washington [Yerplancks?]. Has viewed land in vicinity of New 
Windsor and Newburgh, in company with Colonels [Heman] 
Swift, H[enry] Jackson and [David] Cobb, to find suitable places 
for hutting the troojjs; place for a small brigade found about one 
mile from huts lately occupied by the 3d Massachusetts; descrip- 
tion of other grounds traversed in vicinity of Gedney's sawmill 
and Richard Ward's place; ground found in vicinity of Murder- 
ers Creek; description of ground near the artillery huts near 
Deacon [ ] Brewster's and John Ellison's; ground in rear 

of artillery huts and owned by William Ellison has advantages. 
A. L. S. Endorsed by Washington: " Quartr. Mr. Generals report 
of the Grounds propr. for Hutting." 3 pp. F". 

1782. [Tilghman, Tench.] lA. col., aid de camp and military secretary to Washing- 

Oct. ton. [Verplanck's Point? New York.] Estimate [sent to Gen. 

George Washington, Yerplanck's]. "British and Foreign Corps 

remaining at New York and to Dependencies." 27 regiments 

mentioned; number of troops not given. A. D. 1 p. F°. 



CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 179 

1782. Bissel, Daniel, l^ergt., 2d Connecticut rerjiment. [Newburgh? Xew 
[Oct.] York.] Substance of information obtained. Was sent into Xew 

York Aug. 1781; escaped Sept. 27, 1782; to avoid impressment 
in the Navy enlisted in Arnold's corps; gives composition and 
strength of corps on Staten Island; [Brig. Gen. Oliver] DeLan- 
cey's brigade and [Brig. Gen. Cortlandt] Skinner's brigade and 
others are on Long Island; method taken to obtain this informa- 
tion; Maj. [Charles] Menzies stated thatal)out 10,000 troops were 
in this department; Sir Guy Carleton's order to treat persons 
found with written information as spies, compelled him to destroy 
his memoranda; gives number and destination of ships now in 
harbor; heavy artillery has been removed from the park; city 
will nt)t l)e evacuated until Spring; refugees are preparing to go to 
Halifax; enemy is increasing his supply of forage; gives account 
of enemy's works on Staten Island; size of main fort; descrip- 
tion of intreuchments and disposition of guns; position and arm- 
ament of the other fort; ditches, etc. ; grand battery at New York 
has been repaired; mounts 63 pieces, 24 and 18 pounders; plan 
sketched of Staten Island fort. Endorsed by Washington: 
"Sergeant Bissels acct. of the Enemy's force and Works at 
New Yk. &c". 7 pp. F". 

1782. Continental Congress. [Philadelphia.] Rest)lve. Directs the Com- 
Nov. 7. niander-in-chief [Gen. George Washington] to set Capt. [Sir 

Charles] Asgill at liberty. 
Nov. 8. Resolve. Directs that the Commander-in-chief demand in the most 

pointed terms of the British commander at New York [Maj. 

Gen. James Robertson] examination of the nmrder of Capt. 

[Joseph] Huddy; authorizes commanders to make reprisals for 

acts contrary to the rules of war. "Extract from the ^linutes 

Geo. Bond Depty Secy." Endorsed : "The Honbl. ^Mr. Madison. 

Resolution of Congress as to the liberation of Sir C. Asgill. Nov. 

7.1782". 2 pp. F°. 
Printed: Journals of Congre.^s of given dates. 

1782. Mullen, Daniel and others. Deserters from guard ship "Garland." [New- 
Nov. 25. liurgh, New York.] Examination. Avenger the only vessel off 

"Spiten Devil " [Spuyten Duyvel Creek] ; the three lookout boats 
are in a cove three miles below Fort Washington. 
Mag-nos, Charles. Deserter from same sldp. P^xamination. Believes 
the three whale boats have gone to New York; were l n'ilf below 
Fort [Washington?]. 
Cunnington, John. Deserter from same sliiji. Examination. Reports 
a brig lying under guns of Fort [Knyphausen?]. 
Nov. 29. Shields, John. Deserter from H. M.S. "Lgon." Examination. Location 
of certain British regiments in and about New York. 
Pritchett, Griffes. Deserter from same ship. Examination. "Can 
give no information"; location and size of certain British regi- 
ments. 
Nov. 30. Glass, John. Corporal ami deserter from 40lh regiment. Examination. 
Location and strength of various [British] detachments; corps 
of [Brig. tien. Benedict] Arnold; [Maj.] Gen. [John] Campbell 
commands triKips upon Long Island including i)rovincials; most 



180 CALENDAK OF WASHINGTOIi MANUSCRIPTS. 

1782. Mullen, Daniel and others — Continued. 
Nov. 3U. Glass, John — Continued. 

of Hessians are upon Long Island; heard nothing of general 
embarkation but Major [Stephen] Bromfield of 40th regiment 
said four regiments were going to West Indies; no talk since 
fleet sailed on Friday [22d]; 13 ships of the line; [Vice] Admiral 
[Hugh] Pigot commanding; [Rear Admiral Richard,] Lord Howe 
commanding 2d division. 2 pj). F". 

1782. Ernest, John and others. Deserters from Hessian, Prince Charles regiment. 
Nov. 30. [Xewburgh, Xew York.] Examination. Troops in New York 

and on Long Island; rumored that troops will leave New York 
soon; Gibraltar said to have surrendered; Wissenbach'sand "Aug_ 
enillis's" regiments at Paulas Hook; thinks fleet sailed fourteen 
days ago. 
Schunibach, Henry. Deserter as above. Same information but thinks 

Wissenbach's regiment to be on Long Island. 
Kuntz, Adam. Deserter as above. Same information. 1 p. F". 

1 7S2. Charleston, South Carolina, British Forces at. Estimate [sent to Gen. 

George Washington, Newl mrgh, New York] . Names of regiments 

Dec. 23. and numbers comprising same; composition of forces expected 

from Ireland and their strength. Endorsed by Washington:. 

"Estimate of the British force at Charles-Town." 2 pp. F°. 

Names given in index. 

1782. [Tilghman, Tench.] Lt. col., aid de camp ttnd military secretary to Wash- 
Dec. Iiigton. [Newburgh, New York.] Estimate [sent to Gen. George 
Washington, Newburgh] . British force at New York and Charles- 
ton; names and location of regiments; "in making estimates the 
British Regiments have generally been averaged at about 350 
each the Foreign 400. The pn >vincials may be about 200 or 250 
each." A. D. 2 pp. F". 

1782. New York City. Description of the line of canal. Contiguous lands, 
protecting redoubts etc.; begins at French Peter's above Lis- 
penard's brewery; extends to Elliot's house and terminates at 
redoubts. Endorsed by Washington: " Acct. of the Canal in N. 
Yk. 1782". Ip. Q°. 

1 7s2. New York City, Guards at. List of the stations and kinds of guards. 
Addressed to Col. ^Mathias Ogden. Endorsed by Washington:: 
"List of the Guards in New Yk. 1782". 1 p. F". 

[17S2.] New York, British Forces at. Secret Information [sent to Gen. George 
AVashington, Newburgh? New York]. " View of the State of 
the Enem}^ at New York & its dependencys " ; names and location 
of various corps; force consists of 9080 men; Hessians under [Lt. 
Col. Andreas] Emmerich not arranged in regiments; Pensacola 
garrison has been largely drafted into other regiments; deserters 
brought in by the ship Boneta have been placed in corps of [Brig. 
Gen. Benedict] Arnold and [Lt. Col. Benjamin] Thompson; many 
desertions from [Brig. Gen. Oliver] DeLancy's regiment; not over 
1100 Hessians at New York. 1 p. F^ 



CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 181 

'[1782.] Ray, — . Secret ayent in Gmaihi^ Secret information [sent to Gen. George 
Washington, Newl)ufgh, New York] . Disposition of the people in 
Canada towards the American cause; number and location of the 
British troops in the various Canadian forts; clergy receive finan- 
cial aid from England and as a rule favor her side; church has 
influenced many of the people in same way; many nobles after 
the war [1756-63] took commissions in English Army and feel 
compelled to retain them for honor's sake, ])ut many dr) not urge 
their dependents to take arms; were indifferent [in 1777] Vjut 
<)l)liged to furnish 600 J'oung men as guides for " Burgoigne"; 
7000-SOOO men form defence of Canada; list of English and Hes- 
sian regiments and their locations; names given: Sir John John- 
son, Col. [John] Butler, Col. [Robert] Rogers and Col. [ ] 
Pierre; defence at various posts; detailed description of Quebec, 
Detroit and other centers. 6 pp. F°. 

In French. 

[1783.] Tupper, Benjamin. Col., 6th Massachusetts regiment. Rochefontaine, 
[Jan?] Bechet de. Caj3t. of engineers, and Nelson, . New "Wind- 

sor [New York]. A tabulated report [sent to Gen. George "Wash- 
ington, New Windsor]. Expense of timber, labor, extra half 
ration etc., necessary to add to the "Public Building", covering 
amount of material, numl)er of men and length of time required; 
cost equals 3142 "half rations" and "3142 gills of Rum"; in 
V money £104 15. 7. Endorsed by Washington: "Estimate of the 

expense of adding to the Pulilic building at the Cantonmt. at 
Newburgh 1783". 1 p. F°. 

1783. Washing-ton, George. General and commande}' in chief. [Newburgh, New^ 
]\Iar. 2. York.] Return of the " Commander-in-Chief's Guard". Non- 

commissioned officers and privates. Endorsed by Washington: 
"Return of the Comr. in Chief's Guards. 2d. March 1783". 2 
pp. F°. 
Names given in the index. 

1783. Greaton, James. Brig, gen., Continental army. "Cantonment New 
Apr. 24. Windsor" [New York.] Report to Gen. [George] Washington 

[NewV)urgh, New York]. Proceedings of a board of officers com- 
posed of [Lt.] Col. [John] Stewart, Lt. Col. [Ebenzer] Si)rout, 
Major [Nicholas] Fish and Major [Lemuel] Trescott, apjiointed to 
investigate claims for badge of military merit; reconmiends l^adge 
be conferred on Sergt. Elijah Churchill and Sergt. [Daniel] 
Brown. Signed: "J. Greaton B. Genl. Prest." 2))]). F". 

1783. Huntington, Jedidiah. Brig, gen., Continental arimj. Van Cortlandt, 
May 27. Philip. Col., 2d Nexv York regiment, and Nicola, Lewis. Col., 

invalid regiment. West Point [New York]. Letter to Gen. 
[George] Washington [Newburgh, New York]. The court 
appointed in orders of April 3d, after receiving [Washington's] 
letter (jf 17th inst. notified -Major [James Randolph] Reid, who 
refused to attend; after examination of Major Reitl's defence in 
1780 before the court martial of which Brig. Gen. [John] Stark 
was president, and other testimony, they cannot find reason to 
justify the assertions mentioned in said orilers. L. S. 1 p. F". 



182 CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS, 

1783. Knox, Henry, ^faj. gen., Continental army. West Point [New York]. 
Jnne 10. Report to Gen. [George] Washington [Xewburgh, New York]. 

Board of inspection of officers of the Invalid Corps; short sketches 
of services of officers examined and recommendation of board in 
each case; 13 officers examined. D. S. Endorsed: "Copy sent 
to Sect}' at War 22d. June". 4 pp. F°. 
Xames given in index. 

1783. Heath, William. Maj. gen., Continental army. " Head Quarters " [New- 
June 24. burgh. New York]. Proceedings of a board of general officers 
[transmitted to Gen. George Washington, Newburgh]. Meml.'ers 
of board: Maj. Genls. [William] Heath, [Robert] Howe, [Fred- 
erick William Augustus Henry Ferdinand, Baron von] Steuben 
and Brig. Genls. [Jedidiah] Huntington, [Edward] Hand and 
[James] Greaton; a letter from the Commander-in-chief of June 
23d and other papers considered; board are unanimously of the 
opinion the proper measures for giving satisfaction to Brig. Gen. 
[Moses] Hazen and officers respecting Major [James Randolph] 
Raid have been pursued; 3Iajor Reid should not be arrested and 
tried on the charges in Hazen' s and other officers' letter of June 
6th; the great time that has elapsed since the complaint existed 
renders complete investigation impossible; the second charge is 
too general and the specification should be independent of Reid's 
defence before the court martial of which Col. [James] Greaton 
was president; Reid's ])articular circumstances justified him in 
not attending to the arrest of Genl. Hazen. D. S. 2 pp. F°. 
See: Washington, George, Letter to general officers 1783, June 24. 

1783. Steuben, [Frederick William Augustus Henry Ferdinand Baron von.] 
June 25. Maj. gen.; Knox, Henry, Maj. gen.; Hand, Edward, Brig. gen. 

and Pickering, Timothy. Col. and quartermaster general. Conti- 
nental army. West Point [New York]. Report to Gen. [George] 
Washington [Newburgh, New York]. Claim of Robert Hoakesly 
on goods declared forfeited at Yorktown, Virginia, by a board of 
general officers, Oct. 24, 1781; no reason apparent for reversing 
that decision; Hoakesly has confessed to the Quartermaster Gen- 
eral that the goods came by flag; alleges that he was under 
restraint at the time of the trial; Richard Brazel, clerk to 
Hoakesly, deposed that goods had been sold to James Robinson 
& Co. ; the time that has elapsed renders it scarcely possible to 
come at facts necessary to oppose evidence Hoakesly might produce 
now. L. S. Endorsed: "General Officers opinion on Hoaksley's 
Affair". 2 pp. Q°. 

1783. Varick, Richard. Lt. col. and recording secretary to Washington. Pough- 
Aug. 4. keepsie [New York]. Tabulated list sent to Gen. [George] 

Washington [Newburgh, New York]. State of the volumes 
remaining in his [Varick' s] hands. A. D. S. Endorsed: "State 
of the Books yet unfinished at Poughkeepsie August 14th. 1783 ". 
Ip. Q'\ 

[1783.] Canada, "Limits" of. Boundary lines specified; "Quebeck -was the 
name given to the Government of Canada by the royal proclama- 
tion of 1763 ' ' . Endorsed by Washington : ' ' Boundaries of Canada' ' . 
Ip. Q». 



CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS. 183 

1784. Fontenilles, ^larquis ile. Paris. Letter to George Waahington [INIt. 

Nov. 20. Vernon, Virginia]. Congratulates him on "the gratefull honi- 

niage you .«o justly receive from the State of Virginia". A. L. S. 

2 pp. " Q". 

The reference is to the action taken by tlie Virginia LeKishilnro .Iinie 22, 

178-1. 

[1784.] BrufF, Thomas. [Gieorgetown, Maryland.] Letter to [George] Wash- 
ington, 'Sit. Vernon [Virginia]. Troubles him again on a matter 
he has written about before; refers him to William Vans ^lurray 
for knowledge of his character; has met with business reverses; 
desires the loan of £400 or £500; will give security in six weeks; is 
going to marry a lady of wealth as soon as present financial 
embarrassments are overcome; his remarkable vision; will repay 
the delit in six months or a year; will remain in Georgetown for 
answer to this letter. A. L. S. Endorsed by Washington : ' ' From 
^Ir Thomas Bruff without date and without Success". 3 pp. F". 

1789. Massachusetts, [State.] Boston. Vote of Committee on reception of the 
[Oct. 17?] President [George Washington]. Votes that the house now occu- 

pied by [Jared] Ingersoll be prepared for residence of the Presi- 
dent while here: that Col. William Tudor present the above vote 
to Christopher Gore to be jaresented by him to the Secretar}"^ of the 
President [Tobias Lear?] ; Tudor to see that the house is prepared. 
Copy attested: "Jno. Andrews". 1 p. F°. 

1789. Chapel Church, Boston. Vote of wardens. Thomas Bulfinch and Shrimp- 
Oct. 18. ton Hutchinson, wardens, and Samuel Breck, Cliarles Miller 

and Christopher Gtore appointed a committee to invite the Presi- 
dent of the L^nited States [George Washington] to attend a sacred 
concert at the Chapel. "Attt. Thos. Bultinch. Shrinii)ton 
Hutchinson, wardens". 1 p. Q". 

1789. Massachusetts, [State.] Boston Selectmen. Letter to President George 
Oct. 21. Washington [Springfield, Massachusetts]. Informs him of 

arrangements made for his reception; trusts they will meet with 
his approbation; this letter will be delivered by Joseph Barrell, 
Samuel Breck and William f^.ustis, the committee appointed for 
the above pur^jose. 2 pp. Q". 

[1789.] Massachusetts, [State.] Boston Selectmen. Request [to President 
[Oct. 27.] Greorge Washington, Boston]. In behalf of the ladies ask that 

he allow his portrait to be painted; they intend to present it to 
be hung in '"Faneuill Hall." 1 p. Q". 

1789. Jenning's Daniel and others. Boston. Petition to President George 
Oct. 28. Washington [Boston]. Congress has provided for pensioning 

invalids of the late Army, but they have received no money for 
three years; inevitable suffering that must ensue from the hard 
winter about to set in; pray that he may grant them some imme- 
diate relief. Signed: Danl. Jennings, Benj. Goold, William 
Spooner, Richd. Witcom, John Hunewell, and Amariah Vose. 
1 p. F°. 



184 CALENDAR OF WASHINGTON MANUSCRIPTS.* 

1795. Georgia, [State.] Savannah. Proceedings of a meeting of citizens, Gen. 

July 25. Lachlan Mcintosh, Cliairman. Committee appointed to call a 

meeting for July 29th: Mr. Scheuber, Dr. Young and Mr. 
Welscher. 

July 29. Meeting held. Dr. Noble Wiml)erly Jones, chairman. Re- 

solves: Treaty of Amity, Commerce and Navigation is infraction of 
sovereignty of United States and derogatory to interests of citizens 
thereof; Committee consisting of Jno. Y. Noel, Noble Wimberly 
Jones, Lachlan Mcintosh, Joseph Clay, James Habersham, George 
Jones, Wm. Stephens, James Jones, John Houstoun, Jno. Mosel, 

« James Cochran, Robert Bolton, Ebenezer Hills, Mordecai Shef- 

tall and James B. Young appointed to consider treaty and report 
their sentiments thereon on Aug. 1st. 

Aug. 1. Report of Committee: Treaty oljtains none of redresses sought 

but violates agreement with France and stipulations of treaty of 
1783 [Definitive Treaty of Peace]; contravenes acts of banish- 
ment; insufficiency of articles concerning Northwest Territory; 
navigation of Mississippi conceded without obtaining any recip- 
rocal right; injustice of establishing commission for settlement of 
British indemnity claims; no mention made of negroes carried 
off V^y the British; inequality and injustice of methods for obtain- 
ing redress for illegal captures; injustice of allowing Englishmen 
to hold property in the United States; trade with West Indies 
limited to vessels of small tonnage and cotton is not to be ex- 
ported in American vessels; clause concerning increase of Brit- 
ish tonnage will result in direct taxation to an obnoxious degree; 
contain no restrictions against future British spoliation; grants 
Great Britain the right of search; prevents expatriation; allows 
armed vessels and prizes to be brought into United States ports 
in violation of agreements \\'ith France; lament that treaty 
received secret discussion; recommend the President not to ratify 
the treaty; engrossed copies of these resolutions to be transmitted 
to the President of the United States [George Washington]. 
Copy attested: "Peter S. Lafitte Secrr." Endorsed by Washing- 
ton: "relative to the Ti-eaty with Great Britain". 5 pp. F". 

1795. Georg-ia, [State.] Savannah. Letter of citizens to President George 
Aug. 1. Washington [Philadelphia]. The proceedings of a mass meet- 

■ ing of citizens on the Treaty of Amity, Commerce and Navigation 
with Great Britain; objects are stated in the light that treaty 
militates against their rights and interests; belief in his wisdom 
and justice; if their sentiments are those of the majority of the 
citizens of the other states as it is believed, ask that he withhold 
his signature. Signed: " By order of the Citizens N[oble] W[im- 
lierly] Jones chairman". 2 i)p. F". 

1799. Scott, Gustavus; Thornton, William and White, Alexander. Commis- 
Sept. 2. sioners of the Federal City. Washington, District of Columbia. 

Letter to [George] Washington, Mt. Vernon. ' Have received letter 
of Aug. 28th with enclosures from Col. [Timothy] Pickering; 
subject mentioned deserves consideration; thank Washington for 
his attention. A. L. S. Endorsed by Washington: "From The 
Commissioners of the Federal City, 2d. Sep 1799". 1 p. ' Q". 



INDEX OF NAMES. 



185 



INDKX. 



Abbott, Jonhna. Ca}:>t., Id Xew Hampshire rcghnent. See: Sullivan, John to George 

\\'a^!hington 1775, Oct. 14. 
Abbott, Reuben. Private, Capt. Joshua AhhoWs company, 1st Xein Hampshire regi- 

111(1)1. See: Sullivan, John to George Washington 1775, Oct. 14. 
Abercrombie, Janiet^. Maj. gen. commanding his majesty's troops in North America. 

See: Forlies, John, Order appointing George Washington j^resident of a 

general court-martial 1758, Oct. 6. 
Acrill, William. Member of Virginia House of Burgesses. See: Virginia, [Colony] 

Article.M of association 1770, June 22. 
Adam, Robert. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Ramsey, William; Adam, Robert and Carlyle & Dalton to George Washing- 
ton and John West 1774, ^lay 16. 
Adams, .Inliii. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
Adams, Teter. Lt. col., 7th Maryland regiment. See: Washington, George, Gen- 
eral orders 1778, June 11. Washington, George, Regimental orders 1781, 

Oct. 25. 
Adaras, Richard. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
Adams, Samuel. Chairman, Marine co)nmittee, Continental Congress. Letter to 

George Washington. See: Continental Congress, Marine Committee to 

George Washington 1779, 3Iay 26. 
Adams, Thomas. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
Adams, Winborn. Capt., 2d Xeir Hampshire regiment. See: Sullivan, John to 

George Washington 1775, Oct. 14. 
Addison, Alexander. Judge and president of 5th judicial circuit of Pennsylvania. 

See: Washington, George to John ^Marshall 1798, Dec. 30. Letter to, See: 

Washington, George 1799, Dec. 30. 
Addison, . See: Boucher, Jonathan to George Washington 1770, March. 

Frazier, Joshua, Account against Jonathan Boucher 1770, June 10. 

Addorson, . See: Addison. 

Admiralty Board. See: Continental Congress, Admiralty Board; also Continental 

Congress, ^Marine Committee. 
Aikens. . Caljinet maker. See: Washington, George to Clement Biddle 1797, 

July 3. 
Airy, Thomas. See: Washington, George to Robert Lewis 1796, July 3. 
Alexander, John. Member of Virginia House of Burgesses. See: Virginia, [Colony] 

Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
Alexander, Nathaniel. Lf., 6th Continental infantry. Letter to George Washington. 

See: Haynes, Aaron and others to George Washington 1776, April 1. 
Alexander, William, Lord Stirhng. See: Stirling. 

187 



188 Il-TDEX. 

Alexander, . See: Ramsey, William; Adam, Robert and Carlyle & Dalton 

to George Washinjrton and John West 1 775, May 16. 
Alexandria, [Virginia] Improvement of. S<^<^: Ramsey, William; Adam, Robert 

and Carlyle tt Dalton to George Washington and John West 1775, May 16. 
Alexson, James. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
Alexson, Thomas. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
Alexson, Thomas jr. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, 

June 22. 
Allan, John. Ensign, It. col. Adam Stepheri^s company, 1st Virginia regiment. See: 

Fort Duquesne, Pennsylvania, MaJ. James Grant's reconnoissance. Return 

to George Washington 1758, Sept. 14. Washington, George, List of officers 

killed etc. on Maj. James Grant's reconnoissance 1758, Sept. 14. 
Allan, John. Col. and commander in chief, Indian department. See: Heatli, William 

to George Washington 1780, Aug. 13. 
Allen, Ethan. Brevet col.. Continental army . See: Littel D. to George Washington 

1780, July 21-26. Amicus Reipublicae to George Washington 1780, Aug. 1. 
Allen, James. Ensign, 9th Pemisylvania regiment. Petition to George Washington. 

See : McClelan, John and other officers to George Washington 1778, Sept. 15. 
Allen, John. ".1 Refugee" See: Heard, John, Return to George Washington 

1778, June 18. 
Allen, John Private, 43d regiment, British army. Examination 1780, June 16. 
Allen, Levi. Letter to, See: Moylan, Stephen 1776, Feb. 9. 
Allen, William jr. Lt. col., "Pennsylvania Loyalist Dragoons", British provincial 

troops. See: South Carolina, [State] British Forces in, 1781, Aug. 10. 

Charleston, South Carolina, British Forces at, 1782, Dec. 23. 
Allen, Wilson. Clerl- of the General Court of Virginia. See: Pearson, Simon, Deed of 

sale to George Washington 1763, Feb. 14. 
Allen, Wilson. Recorder of Deedsf Letter to, See: Washington, George 1799, 

June 17. 
AUiston, John. See: Virginia,' [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
"Amazon." British rnan-of-ivar at Neiv York. See: Z to George Washington 1778, 

Dec. 16. 
American Colonies, Navy of. See: Reed, Joseph, List of armed vessels at Salem, 

Marblehead and Plymouth 1775, Oct. 29. 
Amicus Reipublicae. Secret Agent in New York. Information sent to George 

Washington. See: Calendar of documents received by Washington under 

dates of 1780; May 17, June 1, June 24, June 28-30, June 30, July 16, July 

16-19, July 19, July 26-31, Aug. 1, Oct. 13. See: Culper Samuel to John 

Bolton 1781, May 19. 
*'Ampliitrite." British man-of-war, Capt. R . Biggs. See: Littel D. to George 

Washington 1780, July 2?, July 26. 
Andersolin, Ernst William. Lt., Prince Hereditary regiment, Hessians. See: Durie, 

Thomas, Return to George Washington 1781, Oct. 
Anderson, Andrew. Private, capt. Benjamin TitcomVs company, 2d New Hampshire 

regiment. See: Sullivan, John to George Washington 1775, Oct. 14. 
Anderson, James. Private, 23d regiment, British aivny. See: Durie, Thomas, 

Return to George Washington 1781, Oct. 2. 
Anderson, James. Physician. See: Washington, George to Tobias Lear 1794, 

May 6. Letter to, See: Washington, George 1798, July 2c. 



INDEX. 18^ 

Anderson, James. Manager, Mt.Vernon estate. Letter to, See: Washington, George 
1797, Nov. 25, Dec. 21. Observations on accounts of. See: Washington, 
George 1798, Feb. 1. Letter to. See: Washington, George 1798, Feb. 6. 
See: Washington, George to Samuel Davidson 1798, ^Nlarch 2. Washing- 
ton, George to William Fitzhugh 1798, May 30. Letter to, See: Wash- 
ington, George 1798, June 11, Nov. 1, Nov. 3. See: Washington, George to 
Henry Lee 1798, Nov. 4. Washington, George to William Augustine 
Washington 1799, May 24, June 10, June 17. 

Anderson, John Private, It. col. Adam Stephen's compani/, Ixt Virginia regimetiL See: 
Fort Dmiuesne, Pennsylvania, Maj. James Grant's reconnoissanee, Return 
to George "Washington 1758, Sept. 14. 

Anderson, John. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Anderson, John. See: Washington, George to James Anderson 1798, Feb. 6. 
Washington, George to Samuel Davidson 1798, March 2. 

Anderson, Joshua. See: Washington, George to Henry Lee 1780, Aug. 20. 

Anderson, Samuel. Private 4-^d regiment, British army. Examination. See: Allen, 
John, Examination 1780, June l(i. 

Anderson, . of .]fonmoutlt county, Xeir .Jersey. See: Lee, Henry to George- 
Washington 1782, April 22. 

Anderson, Xegro. See: Washington, George to John Dandridge 1795, May 28. 

Andre, John Lewis. Major and adj. gen., British army in America. See: Littel T)~ 
to John Hendricks 1780, Oct. 24, Oct. -Nov. 

Andresohn, William du. See: Andersohn. 

Andrews, John. See: Massachusetts, Boston, Vote of committee on reception of 
the President 1789, Oct. 

Andrews, Robert. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

"Andromache." French man-of-war. See: Washington, George to Count de 
Rochamljeau 1782, Feb. 21. 

Ang-el, Abiatliari. Capt., col. David Brewer's Massachusetts regiment. Petition to 
George Washington 1775, Sept. 2. 

d'Ang-elelli, Louis, Marquis. Lt. gen., Hessian grenadier regimeni. See: Ernest, 
John and two others, Pyxamination 1782, Nov. 30. 

Angell, Israel. Col., 2d lUnxle Island regiment. See: Washington, George, General 
orders 1778, June 11. 

Annett, Jolni. Prirate, capt. Henry Miller' s company, 2d Pennsylvania rife Jxilltdion. 
See: TlKtmj)S()n, William, Return of deserters 1775, Oct. 23. 

Anspach Regiments. See: German Troops in America, List forwarded to George 
Wasliington 1780-81. 

Anthony, Joseph. Letter to, See: Washington, George 1799, March 17. 

Antil, Edward. Lt. col., 2d Canadian regiment. See: Fitzgerald, John to John Sul- 
hvan 1776, May 25. 

Antill, Pklward. See: Antil. 

Aorson, Aaron. Capt., 3d New York regiment. See: New York, [State] Troojis, 
Return of officers 1779, April? 

Arbuthnot, Marriot. Vice-admiral in command of British fleet at New York. See: 
New York, British forces at, Information respecting, 1779, Dec; 1780, July 
18; 1781, July 3-7. Amicus Reipublicae to George Washington 1780, July 
16-19, July 19. Littel D. to John Hendricks 1780, Sept. 7. Culper, Samuel 
to John Bolton 1781, May 19. S. G. to Richard Muirson. 1781, July 8. 



190 INDEX. 

Arclideacon, James. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Archer, ]\Irs. . of PhilKpsburg, New York. See: Gibbs, Caleb, Report to A^'il- 

liam Heath and Benjamin Tupper 1781, July 30. 

Armand, C'harles. See: Tutin, Charles Armand, Marquis de la Rouerie. 

Armor, Thomas. Lt., capt. Robert Cluggage's compel)) t/f, Ixt Continental infantry. 
See: Hand, Edward, Return of officers 1776. 

Armstrong', James. Lt., capt. Thomas Craig^s co))ipany, 3d Pennsijlvania regiment. 
Petition to George Washington. See: McClelan, John and other officers 
to George Washington 1778, Sept. 15. 

Armstrong', John. Brig, gen., Pennsylvania militia. See: Washington, George, 
Plan for the attack at Germantown 1777, Oct. 3. 

Arnold, Benedict. Col., Continental army. See: Washington, George to James War- 
ren 1775, Sept. 10. Letter to, See: Reed, Joseph 1775, Sept. 20 and Oct. 4. 
Col., ^oth Continental infantry. Letter to, See: Washington, George 1776, 
Jan. 12. Maj. gen.. Continental army. See: Lee, Charles to George Wash- 
ington 1778, June 2. Continental Congress, Admiralty Board to George 
Washington 1780, March 23. B)-ig. gen., British army. See: Culper, Samuel 
to John Bolton 1780, Oct. 8. Tallmadge, Benjamin to George Washington 
1780, Oct. 11. LittelD. to John Hendricks 1780, Oct. 11, Oct. 13. A Stranger 
to Elias Dayton 1780, Oct. 17. Littel D. to John Hendricks 1780, Oct. 
24. Culper, Samuel to John Bolton 1780, Oct. 26. Littel D. to John Hen- 
dricks 1780, Oct. 26, Oct.-Nov. Culper, Samuel to John Bolton 1780, Dec. 
24. Bissel, Daniel, Intelligence obtained 1782, Oct. Mullen, Daniel and 
others. Examination 1782, Nov. 25. New York, British Forces at. Infor- 
mation respecting, 1782. 

Arnold, John. Sergt., commander in chief s guard. See: Washington, George, Re- 
turn of the commander in chief's guard 1783, ]March 2. 

Arnold, Thomas. Capt., Invalid regiment. See: Knox, Henry, Report of board of 
inspection 1783, June 10. 

Arthur, Jesse. Loyalist. See: Culper, Samuel to John Bolton 1780, Nov. 5. 

Arundel, Massachusetts. See: Massachusetts, [Colony] Arundel. 

Ashe, John Baptista. Major, 1st North Carolina regi))ient. Letter to George Wash- 
ington. See: Clark, Thomas and others to George Washington 1778, June 12. 

Ashford, George. See: Washington, George to William H. Foote 1799, June 7. 

Ashford, ^Michael. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Ashmead, Jacob. Capt., 2d Pennsylvania regirnoit. See: Washington, George, Cir- 
cular letter to corps commanders 1780, Jan. 22. 

Asgill, Sir Charles. Capt., 1st regime))t of foot guards, British army. See: United 
States, Continental Congress, Resolve 1782, Nov. 7. 

Association, Articles of. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, 
June 22. 

Athey, George. See: Virgmia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Athey, William. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Atkin, John. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Atkinson, Roger. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association, 1770, June 22. 

Atwood, Jesse. Private.^, capt. Thomas Willia)ns^s company?, col. John Paterson's 
3Iassachusetts r-egiment or in capt. Jonas Hubbard's co)npany?, col. Jonathan 
Ward's Massachusetts regiment. Petition to George Washington. See: Welch, 
William and others to Georga Washington 1775-76. 



INDEX. 191 

d'Augenillis, Louis, Marquis. See: d'Angelelli. 

Austin, lit'iijaniin. Prirote, capt. Walter Steir((rfs comparnj, Ixt J'iri/iinu ref/lment. 

See: Fort Duijuesne, Pennsylvania, Major James (irant's reconnoissance, 

Return to George Washington 1758, Sept. 14. 
Austin, .Innatlian ^Villiams. Major, 16th Continental infantry. Letter to George 

Wasiiington. See: Sargent, Paul Dudley and Austin, Jonathan Williams to 

George Washington 1776, Aug. 
"Avenger." BritiitJi jnan-of-irar. See: Mullen, Daniel and others, Examination 

1 7.S2, Nov. 25. 
Avery, \\'illiam. I'rirate, ml. George Washington's company, 1st Virginia regiment. 

See: Fort Ducjuesne, Pennsylvania, Major James Grant's reconnoissance, 

Return to George Washington 1758, Sept. 14. 
Babcock, Henry. Col., Rhode Island regiment. Letter to. See: Harrison, Robert 

Hanson 1778, March 4. Moylan, Stephen 1776, March 12. 
Babcock, James. ///. ail., Isl Rhode Island regiment. Petition to George Washing- 
ton 1775, Aug. 22. 

Backer, John. See: Dodge, Richard to George Washington 1775, July 14. 

Bacon, William. Major, crjl. JonatJian Brewer's artificer regiment. See: Washington, 
(jeorge, A return of the artificer regiment 1776, Aug. 4. 

Bailey, Amos. Se'-gt., rapt. Thomas Mighill's company, col. Samuel Gerrish' x Massaclin- 
setts regiment. Petition to George Washington. See: Sawyer, Ezekiel and 
others to George Washington 1775, Oct. 9. 

Bailey, Ezekiel. Private, capt. Thomas Mighill's company, col. Samuel Crerrish's Mas- 
sachusetts regiment. Petition to Cjeorge Washington. See: Sawyer, f]zekiel 
and others to George AVashington 1775, Oct. 9. 

Bailey, .John. Prirate, capt. Thomas Miglvill's company, col. Samuel Gerrish's Massa- 
chusetts regiment. Petition to George Washington. See: Sawyer, Ezekiel and 
others to George Washington 1775, Oct. 9. 

Bailey, John. Col., 2Sd Conlinental infantry. Letter to George Washington. See: 
Read, Joseph and Bailey, John to George Washington 1776, April 2. Col., 
2d Massachusetts f regiment. See: Washington, George, Memorandum 1776. 

Bailey, Samuel. Private, capt. Tliomas Mighill's company, col. Samuel Gerrish's Mas- 
saclrnsetls regiment. Petition to George Washington. See: Sawyer, Ezekiel 
and others to George Washington 1775, Oct. 9. 

Bailey, Samuel. Private, commander in chiefs guard. See: Washington, (xeorge, 
Return of the commander in chief's guard 1783, March 2. 

Bailey, Thomas. Memhrr of Virginia House of Burgesses. See: Virginia, [Colony] 
Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Bailey. See also: Bayley and Bayly. 

Baine, Alexander. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Baird, .lames. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, .June 22. 

Baisto, Joshua. Lt., hrig. gen. John Thomas's regiment. See: Thomas, John to 
George Washington 1775, Oct. 11. 

Baker, Benjamin. Member of Virginia I lonxe of Burgesses. See: Virginia, [Colony] 
Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Baker, James. See: Washington, George, List of officers submitted to Robert Din- 
widdle 1755, Aug. — Sept? 



192 INDEX. 

Baker, James. Lt., capt. Thomas Bullitt's company, 1st Virginia regiment. See: Fort 
Duquesne, Pennsylvania, Major James Grant's reconnoissance, Return to 
George Washington 1758, Sept. 14. Washington George, List of officers 
killed etc. at Fort Duquesne, Pennsylvania, on Major James Grant's recon- 
noissance 1758, Sept 14. 

Baker, Jerman. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Baker, John. Capt., col. Moses Little' s Massachusetts regiment. See: Foster, Gideon, 
Petition to George Washington 1775, Sept. 11. 

Baker, John. Capt., col. Samuel Ge^^risJi's Ma.ssachu.setts regiment. Petition to 
George Washington 1775, Sept. 14. 

Baker, John. Capt., col. John Mansfield's Massachusetts regiment. " See: Sullivan, 
J<>hn to George Washington 1775, Oct. 14. 

Baker, Richard. Member of Virginia House of Burgesses. See: A^irginia, [Colony] 
Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Baldwin, Loammi. Lt. col., col. Samuel Gerrisli's 3fassachusetts regiment. See: 
Washington, George to General Court of Massachusetts 1775, Aug. 5. Baker, 
John, Petition to George Washington 1775, Sept. 14. Letter to. See: Harri- 
son, Robert Hanson 1775, Nov. 12. See: Heath, William, Return to George 
Washington 1775, Nov. 25. Letter to. See: Harrison, Robert Hanson 1775, 
Dec. 13, Dec. 20. Col., 26th Continental infantry. See: Washington, George, 
Memorandum 1776. 

Baleng-er, Daniel ^Nlills. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 
■'2 

Balfour, James. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770,' June 22. 

Ball, Blackball William. Lt., 3d Pennsylvania regiment. Petition to George AVash- 
ington. See: McClelan, John and other officers to George AVashington 
1778, Sept. 15. 

Ball, Burgess. Colonel. Letter to. See: AVashington, George 1793, July 21; 1794, 
July 27. See: AA^ashington, George to Jacob A^anA^leck 1796, Dec. 7. AVash- 
ington, George to Tobias Lear 1796, Dec. 14; 1797, Jan. 13. 

Ball, George. Letter to. See: AVashington, George 1797, Feb. 1, March 6; 1799, 
Alarch 17. , 

Ball, Sjjcncer M. Member of Virginia House of Burgesses. See: A''irginia, [Colony] 
Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Ballendine, John. Owner of iron foundry at Occoquan, Virginia. See: Johnston, 
George to George AVashington 1760, Jan. 8. Grimett, Robert, Deposition 
1760, Jan. 23. Memorandum to George AA^ashington 1760, Jan. 23. Letter 
■ to George AVashington 1760, Jan. 24. See: Stephens, Joseph to George AVash- 
ington 1760, Nov. 15. Letter to George AVashington 1760, Nov. 18. 

Balmain, AVilliam. See: A'irginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Balme, Alottin de la. Col. and inspector-genercd of cavalry. Letter to George Wash- 
ington 1778. 

Banes, John. See: Alrginia, [Colony] Council proceedings 1773, Nov. 4. 

Banister, John. Member of Virginia House of Burgesses. See: A'irginia, [Colony] 
Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Banker, Abraham. Loyalist. See: A^anderhovern, John to George AVashington 
1780, Nov. 6. 

Banks, Alexander. See: A''irginia, [Colony] .Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Barber, Francis. Lt. col., 3d New Jersey regime ut. See: Hand, Edward, Return ta 
George AVashington 1781, Oct. 



INDEX. 193 

Barber, Isaac. Ensign, 6th Continental infantry. Letter to George Washington. 
See: Haynes, Aaron and others to George Washington 1776, April 1. See: 
Whitcomb, Asa, List of officers 1776, April 1. 

Barber, Nathaniel jr. Deputy conunissary of (irtiUerij, Continental arnn/. A return 
to (Tcorge Washington 1776, ^lay 28. 

Barber, Thomas. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Barber, William. Major and aid de camp to maj. gen. Stirling. See: Hand, Edward, 
Return to George Washington 1781, Oct. 

Barlow, Joel. Author. See: Washington, (leorge to Count dc Kochambeau 1788, 
May 28. 

Barnet, Robert. Lt., Invalid regiment, Continental army. See: Knox, Henry, Report 
of board of inspection 1783, June 10. 

Barraud, Daniel See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Barrell, Joseph. See: Massachusetts, [State] Boston, Selectmen to George Wash- 
ington 1789, Oct. 21. 

Barret, .lames. Member, MaJisachusetts Committee of Supplies. Estimate to George 
Washington. See: Massachusetts, [Colony] Committee of Supplies to 
George Washington 177.5. 

Barret, John. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Barry, John. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Bartlett, William. Capt. of Continental armed vessel. Letter to. See: Moylan, 
Stephen 177-5, Nov. 5. Agent for Continerdal armed vessels. Letter to. See: Moy- 
lan, Stephen 1775, Nov. 10. Nov. 11, Dec. 2. Harrison, Robert Hanson 1775, 
Dec. 4. Moylan, Stephen 1775, Dec. 6, Dec. 10, Dec. 15. Harrison, Robert 
Hanson 1775, Dec. 15. Moylan, Stephen 1775, Dec. 25, Dec. 28; 1776, Jan. 8, 
Jan. 10. Harrison, Robert Hanson 1776, .Tan. 17. Moylan, Stephen 1776, 
Jan. 26, Feb. 4, Feb. 12, March 11 . See also: Glover, Jonathan and Bartlett, 
William. 

Bartlett, William and Glover, John. Agents for Co'ntinenl(U armed vessels. Letter to. 
See: Moylan, Stephen 1775, Dec. 2. 

Barton, John. Servant, commander in cldef's guard. See: Washington, (ieorge. 
Return of the commander in chief's guard 1783, March 2. 

Barton, Rufus. Captain. See: Culper, Samuel to John Bolton 1780, Nov. 5. 

Barton, Thomas. Lt. col., British provincial troops. See: Amicus Reipublicae to 
George Washington 1780, June 28, July 16-19. New York, British Forces 
at, Information respecting, 1780, Aug. 12. Littel D. to John Hendricks 1780, 
Sept. 25. 

Bassett, Burwell. Member of Virginia House of Burgesses. See: Virginia, [Colony] 
Articles of association 1770, June 22. Colonel. See: Washington, George 
to William Washington 1793, Jan. 30. 

Bassett, Robert. Private, capt. Walter Stewart's company, 1st Virginia regiment. 
See: Fort Duquesne, Pennsylvania, Major James Grant's reconnoissance, 
Return to George Washington 1758, Sept. 14. 

Bates, Kdward. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 177(), June 22. 

"Bates, John. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1 770, June 22. 

Batzel, John. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, .lune 22. 

Baxter, William. Coynmissary f, Continental army. See: Continental army, Cattle 
for, 1777, Dec? 

19108—01 18 



194 INDEX. 

Bayard, James. See: Reed, Joseph to the Committee of Safety of Massaehusetts 
177;-), July 17. 

Bayard, William. Col., British provincial troops. See: Z to George Washington 

1778, Dec. 16. 
Bayler, George. Merchant f of Proridenir, Rhode Manel. See: Cheever, Ezekiel to 

George Washington 1776, Jan. 30. 
Bayler. See also: Baylor. 
Baylest, \\'illiam. Private, col. George Washington's conejiany, 1st Virginia regiment. 

See: Fort Duquesne, Pennsylvania, Major James Grant's reconnoissance. 

Return to George Washington 1758, Sejit. 14. 

Bayley, Amos. Sergt., nipt. Thomas Mighill's company, col. Samuel GerrisJt's Mas.m- 
clix.setts regiment. See: Sawyer, Ezekiel and others to George Washington 
1775, Oct. 9. 

Bayley, Jacob. Col., Xew York militia. Letter to, See: Palfrey, William 1776, 
^larch 7. Washington, George 1776, April 29, June 25. Brig, gen., Keiv York 
militia. Instructions to Lt. John Goulet 1779, Oct. 19. Letter to George 
Washington 1780, Sept. 7. Certificate of service 1780, Sept? Letter to, See: 
Gosselin, Clement 1781, May 2. 

Bayley, See also: Bailey and Bayly. 

Baylor, Creorge. Lf. col. and aid de camp to WasJiington. See: Washington, George 
to Clarke & Nightingale 1775, Aug. 31. Washington, George to Nicholas 
Cookt' 1775, Aug. 31. Washington, George to James Warren 1775, Sept. 10. 

Bayly, Peirce. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Bayly, Sanuiel. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of as.sociation 1770, June 22. 

Bayly, Willia'ii. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Beal, James. Private, capt. Wintlirop Poive's company, 2d New Hampshire regimoit. 
See: Sullivan, John to (leorge Washington 1775, Oct. 14. 

Beall, Priscilla. See: Washington, George to Francis Deakins 1799, Jan. 25, June 
16, June 26. 

Beale, William jr. See: Mississippi Company, Articles of association 17(i3, June 3. 

Beaman, Joseph. Quartermaster, col. Jonathan Brewer's artificer regiment. See: 
W'asiiington, George, A return of the artificer regiment 1776, Aug. 4. 

Beasly, Gowen. Private, It. col. Adam Stephen's company, 1st Virginia regiment. See: 
Fort Duquesne, Pennsylvania, Major James Grant's reconnoissance. Return 
to George Washington 1758, Sept. 14. 

Beatty, John. Col. and commissary (/enercd of prisoners, Continental army. See: Con- 
tineiital Congress, Admiralty Board to George Washington 1780, Feb. 15. 

Beavers, Joseph. Col., 2d regiment, Hunterdon county. New Jersey, militia. See: 
Washington, George, Memorandum of New Jersey militia 1780, June. 

Bebee, Alexander. Carpenter, armed galley '^ Lady Washington" . See: Cook, Robert, 
Pay roll of officers 1776, Sept. 

"Bedford." Briti.'^Jt man-of-irar at Neiv York. See: Z to George Washington 1778, 
Dec. 7. 

Beedle, Andrew. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Belknap, Andrew E. Letter to, See: Washington, George 1798, Oct. 8. See: Wash- 
ington, George to William Herbert 1798, Oct. 8. 

Belknap, Jeremy. Clergyman. Letter to, See: Washington, George 1798, June 17. 



INDEX. 195 

Eeiknap, John. Capt., col. James Clinton's New York regiment. See: Nicoll, Isaac, 
Return to George- Washington 1776, Apr. 23-29. Clinton, James, Return to 
Cieorge Washington 1776, June 19. 

Belt, David. See: Washington, (xeorge, Li.^t of ofhecrs suhinitted to Robert Dinwid- 
dle 1755, Aug. -Sept? 
Bell, .lohn. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
Bell. Joseph. Prifute, capt. .Mm Baker's company, col. John Mansfield's Massachu- 

.fdts regiment. See: Sullivan, John to George Washington 1775, Oct. 14. 
Bell, ^Matthew. Private, 2(1 New York regiment. See: Washington, George, Pardon 

17S0, May 26. 
Bell, Wilhani. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association !77(), June 22. 
Bell, William, ('omrnissar;/ .^, Continental army. See: Continental army. Cattle for, 

1777, Dec? 
Bellnap, John. See: Belknap. 

Belong-e, Noel. See: Bayley, Jacol), C^ertiticate of service 1780, Sei)t? 
Benau, See: Buenau. 
Benough. See: Buenau. 

Bennett. Thomas. See: A'irginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
Benson, Joshua. Capt., col. Tlieophilus Cotton' s Massachusetts regiment. See: Thomas, 

John to (ieorge Washington 1775, Oct. 13. 
Bentinck, R..dolphus. Lt., 60th regiment of foot in America. See: Washington, 

George, List of officers killed etc. at Fort Duquesne, Pennsylvania, on ]\Iajor 

James (rrant's reconnoissance 1758, Sept. 14. 
Sentined, Kudolpluis. See: Bentinck. 
Bermaine, (ieorge. Volunteer on armed galley "Lady Washington." See: Cook, 

Robert, Payroll of officers 1776, Sept. 
Bernard, Benjamin. Col., 23d regiment, Royal U'rl.-^h Fnsllecrs. See: (josselin, 

Clement to George Washington 1781, Jan. 
Berry, John. Private, capt. Matthew Smith's company, 2d I-'ennsylnrnia rifle Ixittalion. 

See: Thompson, William, Return of deserters 1775, Oct. 23. 
Bert, John ? Cap)tain. See: Washington, George to Count de Rochambeau 1782, 

Jan. 14. 
B^rtrand, Antoine Francois de Molleville, ^larquis de. See: Washington, George to 

Tobias Lear 1794, May 6. 
Bevoir, Philip Dubois. Capt., 5th Neiv York regiment. See: New York, [State] 

Troops, Return of officers 1779, April? 
Bickham, John. Lt., 'Jth Pennsylvania regiment. Petition to ( ieorj^e Washington. 

See: McClelan, John, and other officers to (xeorge Washinj,''toii 1778, Sei)t. 15. 
Biddle, Clement. Col. c:nd commissary general of forage. Warrant to, See: A\'ash- 

ton, George 1780, Sept. 6. Letter to, See: Washington, George 1797, I\Iay 

28. June 8, July 3, Sei^t. 6. See: Washington, (teorge to Frederick Kitt 

1798, Jan. 10, July 29. Washington, George to Oliver Evans 1798, April 8. 

Letter to, See: Washington, George 1799, Jan. 20, Jan. 23, Jan. 29, Feb. 1, 

Feb. 18, March 17, April 21, April 28, June 6. 
Billing's, Andrew. Capt., col. Rudolphiis Tiitzema's Neiv York regimoit. See: Nicoll, 

Isaac, Return to George Washington 1776, Apr. 23-29. 
Billings, . Lt., (iOth regiment of foot in America. See: Washington, George, 

List of officers killed etc. at Fort Duquesne, Pennsylvania, on IMajor James 

Grant's reconnoissance 1758, Sept. 14. 



196 INDEX. 

Bing-hain, William. Author. See: Washington, George to James Ross 1795, 
July 15. 

Birch, Samuel. Lt. col., 17th regiment of light dragoon.^, British army. See: Culper, 
Samuel to John Bolton 1780, Sept. 1 and 5. 

Bird, Benjamin. Lt.,capt. Robert Chiggage's company, Id Continental infantry. See: 
Hand, Edward, Return of officers 1776. 

Bisiiop, Edward. Private, capt. Thomas MighilV s company , col. Samuel Gerrish's Mas- 
sachusetts regiment. Petition to George Washington. See: Sawyer, Ezekiei 
and others to George Washington 1775, Oct 9. 

Bissel, Daniel. Ser.gt, capt. Dacid Humphrey's company 2d Comiecticnt regiment. 
Substance of information obtained 1782, Oct. Reward of merit. See. Wash- 
ington, George, Proclamation 1783, May 3. 

Bisset, James. Prisoner, 71st regiment, British army. Examination 1777, April 16. 

Black, John, Capt., col. Jonathan Brewer's Massachusetts regiment. Petition to 
George Washington 1775, Sept. 22. See: Gates, Benjamin to George Wash- 
ington 1775, Oct. 31. 

Blag-den, George. Builder. See: Washington, George to AVilliam Thornton 1799, 
Feb. 15, April 21, June 16. 

Blagden & Lenthal. Builders. See: Washington, George to William Thornton 
1798, Dec. 30; 1799, Jan. 30. 

Blag-g, John. Ensign, 1st Virginia regiment. See: Washington, George, List of 
officers submitted to Robert Dinwiddle 1755, Aug.-Sept? 

Blaine, Ephraim. Col. and deputy commissary general of purchases. See: Washing- 
ton, George to Jeremiah Wadsworth 1779, April 20. Continental Congress, 
Admiralty Board to George Washington 1780, July 11. Letter to George 
Washington 1781, March 21. 

Blair, John. Member of Virginia Hou.se of Burgesses. See: A'irginia, [Colony] 
Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Blair, John. Clerk of Virginia council. See: Virginia, [Colony] Council proceed- 
ings 1773, Nov. 4. Letter to George Washington 1773. 

Blair, John. Lt., 7th Pennsylvania regiment. Petition to George Washington. See: 
McClelan, John, and other officers to George Washington 1778, Sept. 15. 

Blair, Robert. Private, commander in chief's guard. See: Washington, George, 
Return of the (tomniander in chief's guard 1783, March 2. 

Biair, Sanuiel. Chapkm, 1st Continental infantry. See: Hand, Edward to George 
Washington 1776. 

Blake, George. Lt., capt. Simeon Hazleton's company, col. John Fellows' s Massachu- 
setts regiment. See: Thomas, John to George Washington. 1775, Oct. 28. 

Bland, John. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Bland, Richard. Member of Virginia House of Burgesses. See: Virginia, [Colony] 
Articles of association 1770, June 22. Delegate from Virginia to 1st Continental 
Congress. See: Harrison, Benjamin; Randolph, Peyton and Bland, Richard 
to George Washington 1774, Oct. 24. 

Bland, Theodorick. (y>l., Id Continental dragoons. Letter to George Washington 
1777, Dec. 11. 

Blecher, Abraham. Private, major Andrew Lewis's company, 1st Virginia regiment. 
See: Fort Duquesne, Pennsylvania, Major James Grant's reconnoissance. 
Return to George Washington 1758, Sept. 14. 

Bleecker, Leonard. Capt., 3d Neiv York regiment. See: New York, [State] Troops, 
Return of officers 1779, April? 



INDEX. iy7 

Bleeker, Leonard. See: Bleecker. 

"Blenheim." British man-of-war. See: Mersereau, John to George Washinirton 
1780, :May 27. 

Bliss, Reuljen. Member, Springfield Committee of Correspondence. Letter to George 
Washington. See: Massachusetts, [Colony] Springfield, Committee of Corre- 
spondence to George Washington 1775, Oct. 2. 

Blodget, Samuel. Lt ., 6th Continental infantry. Letter to George Washington. See: 
Haynes, Aaron and others to George Washington 1776, April 1. See Whit- 
comb, Asa, List of officers 1776, April 1. 

Blodg-et, Samuel. See: Washington, (Jeorge to Tobias Lear 1794, May 6. 

Blodg-et, Silas. Lt.,2d Connecticut regiment. Remonstrance to Joseph Spencer. See: 
Connecticut, [Colony] Troops, 2d regiment. Remonstrance of officers 1 775, 
.Inly 26'? 

"Blonde." British frigate, ('apt. E. ThandnrinyJi jr. See: Littel 1). to George Wash- 
ington 1780; July 2.3, July 26. 

" Blue Mountain." BritisJi sjtip at Lloyd's Neck. See: S. G. to John Bolton 1781, 
,Inly .30. 

Board of War. See: DeWitt, Thomas to George Washington 1780, Jan. 4. 

Bogart, Abraham. See: Amicus Reipublicae to George Washington 1780, June 1. 

Boileau, Amable. Ensign, col. Moses Hazen's Canadian regiment. Certificate of 
service performed V)y Lt. Jean Goulet 1780, Oct? See: Goulet, Jean to George 
Washington 1781, Jan. 

Bolchke. See: Borke. 

Boling, Simon. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Bolton, John. Secret agent near Nev: York. Letter to, See: Culper, Samuel jr. 

1780, Feb. 27, March 3, March 10. Culper, Samuel 1780, March 11-13, March 
13. Culper, Samuel jr. 1780, March 28. Culper, Samuel 1780, April 5, April 
18, April 23, Aug. 7, Aug. 16. Culper, Samuel jr. 1780, Aug. 17. Culper, 
Samuel 1780, Aug. 27, Sept. 1-5, Oct. 8, Oct. 26, Nov. 28, Dec. 12, Dec. 24; 

1781, May 19, July 7. S. G. 1781, July 30; 1782, May 23, June 3, June 28. 
Bolton, John. See also: Tallmadge, Benjamin. 

Bolton, Mason. Lt. col., 8th regiment, British army. See: Washington, George, A 

summary of intelligence obtained from Edward Hand 1779, May-June? 
Bolton, Robert. See: Georgia, [State] Savannah, Citizens, Proceedings of meeting 

1795, July 25. 
Bond, ■. Secret agent. See: Littel 1). to John Hendricks 1780, Sept. 6, Oct. 

26-7. 
BoneruphP Wilham. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
" Bonetta." British shir/. See: Washington, George to Count de Rochaml)eau 1782, 

Feb. 12. 
Bonnell, Benjamin. Private, commander in chief s giiard. See: Washington, (reorge. 

Return of the commander in chief's guard 1783, March 2. 
Bonnett, Joseph. See: A^irginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
Bonny, Alexander. See: Virginia, [Colony] Council proceedings 1773, Nov. 4. 
Booker, Richard. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
Booker, William. Lirentor. Letter to. See: Washington, George 1798, April 15, 

April 25; 1799, April 7. 
Booth, William. See: Mississippi Company, Articles of association 1763, .hine 3. 
Borbeck, Friedrich von. Lt. col., Wissenbach Hessiari regiment. See: German Troops 

in America, List forwarded to George Washington 1780-1. 



11^)8 INDEX. 

Borke. Heinrich von. Col., KyiypJidusen's Heman regiment. See: German Troops 
in America, List forwarded to George Washington 1780-1. 

Borre, Prudhomme de, Brig, gen., Omtiuentftl <irmij. See: Tilghman. Tencli to 
John Sullivan 1777, June 18. 

Bose, Carl von. Col., Dittfutih IIes.?i(ni regiuient. See: Gennan Troops in America, 
List forwarded to George Washington 1780-1. 

Boston, ^Massachusetts. See: Massachusetts. Boston. 

Boston Harbor, British ships in. Anonymous letter to Britannicus 1775, Oct. 28. 
Names, rates and situation <>f shii)S of British navy in Boston haTl)()r 1775, 
Oct. 28. 

Boucher, Jonathan. Rector at St. Anne's, Annapolis, Maryland. See: Brown, James, 
Account against John Parke Custis 1769, Aug. 29. Letter to George Wash- 
ington 1770, March? Account against. See: Johnson, ^lary 1770, Sept. 
80? Letter to George Washington 1771? Nov? Account against. See: 
Gassaway, Henry 1771, Dec. 18. 

Boucher, .Jonathan and Custis, John Parke. See: Frazier, Jfishua, Account 
against John Parke Custis 1770, June 10. 

Boudinot, Elias. President of Continental Congress. Letter to. See: Washington, 
(jeorge 1782, Dec. 1-4. Director of the Mint. See: Washington, George to 
Elizabeth Ferguson 1797, March 5. 

Boudrau, Athanas. " Temoins en Cnnaila". See: Gosselin, Clement to George 
Washington 1781, Jan.? 

Bouille, Fran(,"ois Claude Armour, Marquis de. (rovernor of Martinique. See: Wash- 
ington, George to Count de Rochambeau 1782, Feb. 23. 

Bouillie, Frangois, Marquis de. See: Bouille. 

Bouquet, Henry. Lt. col., 60th regiment British army. See: Loudoun, John Camp- 
hell, Earl, Minutes taken at a meeting of Governors 1757, March 15. 

Bowcock, . Captain of a, coaster. See: Washington, (jeorge to William 

Augustine Washington 1799, May 20, May 24. 

Bowdoin, James. Member of Massachusetts Council. See: Moylan, Stephen to a 
Conmiittee oi the Council of Massachusetts 1775, Nov. 4. 

Bowen, Ephraini jr. ('apt and agent for fitting out armed ves.><els. Journal 1775, Oct. 
15-Nov. 18. Letter to. See: Reed, Joseph 1775, Oct. 17, Oct. 20, Oct. 29. 
Randolph, Edmund 1775, Oct. 31. Moylan, Stephen 1775, Nov. 8. 

Bowen, Le\i. Ensign, capt. Jonathan Danforth's company, col. David Brewer's Massa- 
chusetts regiment. Petition to George Washington 1775, Sept. 7. 

Bowman, Thomas. Deserterf from BntisJi army. Examination 1777, June 8. 

Boyd, Walter. See: Virginia [Colony], Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Boyle, George. Private, 23d regiment British army. See: Durie, Thomas, Return to 
George Washington 1781, Oct. 2. 

"Boyne." British man-of-war. See: Preston, Plan of attack on, 1775, Oct. 28. 

Bradbeary, James. Privcde, capt. Walter Stewart's company, 1st Virginia regiment. 
See: Fort Duquesne, Pennsylvania, Major James Grant's reconnoissance. 
Return to George Washington 1758, Sept. 14. 

Braddock, Edward. Maj. gen. and commander in chief of British forces in America. 
See: Washington, George, Orderly Book of Maj. Gen. Edward Braddock 
1755, Feb. 26-June 17. 

Bradford, William. Capt., Pennsylvania niilitia. See: Pennsylvania, [Province] 
Committee of Safetv to Georee Washino;ton 1775, Aug. 17. 



INDEX. 1\)[) 

Brant, Jo^^t'Illl Mohmrk Hiiif and roL, Ilritisli provincial lr<)0})K. See: Kichard, 

Henry, DejHisitiDn 17S2, July 7. 
Bradford, William. Aftorvei/ (kneral of tlu; Unitirl Stafei^. See: Wa.^liinijton, 

Georije to Tol)ias Lear 1794, May (i. Washinj^ton, George to Jaines Rosa 

1794, Sept. ]H. 
Bradlay, ^latthew. See: Virj^inia [Colony] Articles of as^sociation 1770, June I'L*. 
Bradley, Pliilip l>urr. Co/., ( '(nincrtiiud sta/c rci/iiiiciit. See: Washington, (leorge, 

^leniDranduni 177(i. 
Bradley, William. See: Virginia, [Colony] .\rticles (jf association 1770, June 22. 
Bradstrate, John. I'riratc, caj)/. Thoiiias Mujlt'dVs company, col. Samuel Gerrish's 

MaxsarJniftt'ttx rrgimcnt. Petition to George Washington. See: Sawyer, Eze- 

kit'l and others to George Washington 1775, Oct. 9. 
Bradstreet, John. Col., 60tli regiment, Roi/al America n.s. See: Varick, Kichard, 

[Nleniorandinn of papers 1781? 
Bramley, William. Prirafe, caj)f. Walter Stewart's company, 1st Virginia regiment. 

See: Fort Duquesne, Pennsylvania, Major James Grant's reconnoissance, 

Return to George Washington 1758 Sept. 14. 
Brarly, Joseph. Capt., brig. gen. William Ma.civell'ii Neiv Jersey regiment. i>ettcr 

to George Washington 177H, Dec. 20. 
Bray, James. Sergt., 82d regiment Britisli army. See: Dnrie, Thomas, Return to 

(ieorge Washington 1781, Oct. 2. 
Brazel, Richard. Clerk to Rohert Hoakesly. See: Steul^en, Frederick William; 

Knox, Henry; Hand, 'Edward and Pickering, Timothy, Rejiort to George 

Washington 1788, June 25. 
Brearly, Joseph. See: Brarly. 
Brack, Samuel. See: Chapel Church, Boston, Vote of Wardens 1789, Oct. 18. 

Massachusetts, [State] Boston, Selectmen to George Washington 1789, 

Oct. 21. 
Brent, R(j1)ert. See: Mississippi Company, Articles of association 17Ho, June8. 
Brent, William. Lt. co/., 1st Virginia regiment. See: Washington, (ieorge, General 

orders 1778, June 11. 
Brett, George. Deserter from 63d regiment, British army. P^xamination. See: Lesley, 

Joseph, Examination 1778, Oct. 81. 
Brewer, David. Col., 9th ^fassacJn(setts regiment. See: Angel, Ahiathai'i, Petition 

to George Washington 1775, Sept. 2. Bovven, Levi, Petition to George 

Washington 1775, Sept. 7. 
Brewer, Jonathan. Col., MassacJiusetts regiment. See: Maynard, Nathaniel to 

George Washington 1775, Sept. 18. Black, John to George Washington 
• 1775, Sept. 22. Endorsement of petition. See: Hastings, Eliphelet, Petition 

to George Washington 1775, Oct. 29. See: Gates, Benjamin to (icorge 

Washington 1775, Oct. 31. Thomas, John to George Washington 1775, 

Dec. 8. Col., Massachusetts artificer regiment. See: Washington, George, 

A return of artificer regiment 1776, Aug. 4. 
Brewster, Calel). Capt-lt., 2d Continental artillery. See: Culper, Samuel to John 

Bolton 1780, Feb. 27, March 11-13, April 5, Aug. 27, Sept. 1-5. Littel D. 

to John Hendricks 1780, Sept. 26, Oct. 11. Culper, Sanuiel to John i>olton 

1780, Nov. 5, Nov. 28, Dec. 12, Dec. 24. Letter to, See: Culper, Samuel 

1782, May 5. 
Brewster, . " Deacon" of Newhurgh, Neiv York. See: Pickering, Timothy to 

George Washington 1782, Oct. 15. 



200 INDEX. 

Briarly, Joseph. See: Brarly. 

Brice, See: Harwood & Brice. 

Brickett, James. Lt. col., col. James Frye's Massachusetts regiment. Discharge to 

Peter "Webster. See: Kittredge, Thomas, Certificate 1775, Oct. 23. 
Brisbane, Edward. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
Bristol, ^Massachusetts. See: Massachusetts, [Colony] Bristol. 
Britannicus, American informant in Watertown, Ma.^sacJnisetts. Letter to George 

Washington 1775, Nov. 18. 
British Forces in America. At Charleston. See: South Carolina, British Forces 

in, and Charleston, South Carolina, British Forces at. At New Yorl-. See: 

New York City, British Forces at, Information respecting. See also: Secret 

Agents. At Philadelphia. See: Philadelphia, British Forces at. .4/ York- 
town. See: Yorktown, Virginia, British Forces at. See also: German Troops 

in America. 
Broadwater, Charles. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
Brockenbourg, Augustine. See: Washington, George, List of otricers sul^mitted to 

Ro])ert Dinwiddle 1755, Aug.-Sept? 
Brockenboroug-li, William. See: Mississippi Company, Articles oi association 

]7fio, June 3. 
Brockenbrough, William. See: Brockenborough. 

Brody ? ]Mathew? See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
Bromfield, Stephen. Major, 40th regiment, Britit^h army. See: ISIullen, Daniel and 

others. Examination 1782, Nov. 25. 
Bronaugb, John W. Letter to, See: Washington, George 1796, Nov. 13. 
Bronaugh, William. See: Washington, George, List of officers submitted to Robert 

Dinwiddle 1755, Aug.-Sept? See: Virginia, [Colony] Council proceedings 

1773, Nov. 4. 
Brookbank, Thomas. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
Brooks, David. Lt. and asst. clothier general, Neic York troops. Letter to Tench 

Tilghman 1781, May 15. 
Brooks, George. Ensign, capt. Abraham Swartivout's company, 2nd Keic York regi- 
ment. See: Nicoll, Isaac, Return to George Washington 1776 Apr. 23-29. 
Broughton, Nicholas. Capt. of armed vessel. Letter to. See: Reed, Joseph 1775, 

Oct. 12, Oct. 19. See: Moylan, Stephen to William Bartlett 1775, Nov. 10. 

Moylan, Stephen to Committee of Safety of Stonington 1775, Nov. 27. 
Brown, Abishai. Capt., col. John Nixon's Massachusetts regiment. See: Reed, Joseph 

to Watertown Committee of Supplies 1775 July. 
Brown, Benjamin. Private, rapt. Ezra. NewhalVs company, col. John Mansfield'' s 

Massachusetts regiment. See: Sullivan, John to George Washington 1775, 

Oct. 14. 
Brown, Daniel. Sergt., 5th Connecticut regiment. See: Greaton, James, Report to 

George Washington 1783, April 24. Washington, George, Proclamation 

1783, May 3. 
Brown, Davis. Sergt., commander in chief's guard. See: Washington, George, 

Return of commander in chief's guard 1783, March 2. 
Brown, Jacob. Lt., col. Jonathan Brewer's artificer regiment. See: "Washington, 

George, A return of artificer regiment 1776, Aug. 4. 
Brown, James. Account against John Parke Custis 1769, Aug. 29. 
Brown, Jedidiah. Private, commander in chief's guard. See: "Washington, George, 

Return of the commander in chief's guard 1783, March 2. 



INDEX. 201 

Brown, John. Private, capt. George Nagle')< company, 2d Pennsylrania rifle battalion. 

See: Thompson, William, Return of deserters 1775, Oct. 23. 
Brown, John. Private, capt. Jarnea CJiamhers^ company, 2d Pennsylvania rifle bat- 
talion. See: Thompson, William, Return of deserters 1775, Oct. 23. 
Brown, John. Letter to, See: Moylan, Stephen 1775, Nov. 8, Nov. 27. 
Brown, John. MercJiavt f of Providence, Rhode Island. See: Cheever, Ezekiel to 

George Washington 1776, Jan. 30. 
Brown, Jonathan. Lt., col. Jemathan Brewer^ x artificer regiment. See: Washington, 

(xeorge, A return of artificer regiment 1776 Aug. 4. 
Brown, Joseph jr. Private, capt. Thomas MighilVs company, col. Samuel Gerr-ish'a 

Massachusetts regiment. Petition to George Washington. See: Sawyer, Eze- 
kiel and others to George Washington 1775, Oct. 9. 
Brown, Nathan. Capt., col. Joint Mansfield's Massachusetts regiment. Endorsement 

of petition. See: Russell, Thomas, Petition to George Washington 1775. 
Brown, Thomas. Private, 2d New Jersey regiment. See: Washington, George, 

Pardon 1780, May 26. 

Brown, . Captain. See: Littel D. to John Hendricks 1780, Oct.-Nov. 

Brown, . Lt. col. of an Anspach regiment. See: German Troops in America, 

List forwarded to George Washington 1780-1. 

Brown, ]\Irs. . See: Washington, George to Frederick Kitt 1798, Jan 29. 

Brufif, Thomas. Letter to George Washington 1784. 

Bruin, Caleb. Capt., col. Jonathan Breiver's artificer regiment. See: Washington, 

George, A return of artificer regiment 1776, Aug. 4. 
Bruin, Jeremiah. Lt., col. .Tonathan Brewer's artificer regiment. See: Washington, 

(reorge, A return of artificer regiment 1776, Aug. 4. 
Brumley, William. Private, capt. Walter Stewart's company, 1st Virginia regiment. 

See: Fort Duquesne, Pennsylvania, Major James Grant's reconnoissance 

1758, Sept. 14. 

Bruyn, Jacobus S. Lt. col., SthNewYorkregirnent. See: New York, [State] Troops, 

Return of officers 1779, April? 
Bryant, Job. Capt., col. Jonathan Bretver's artificer reginioii. See: ^^'ashington 

George, A return of artificer regiment 1776, Aug. 4. 
Buchan, David Stewart Erskine, Earl of See: Washington, George, to Tobias Lear 

1794, May 6. Letter to. See: Washington, George 1796, Feb. 20. 
Buchanan, Archibald. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
Buchanan, James. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
Buchanan, Neil. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
Buchanan, Thomas. Lt., capt. James Grier's company 1st Continental infantry. See: 

Hand, Edward, Return of oflScers 1776. 
Buchanan, William. Col. and late commissary general of pnrcha.'<es. See: Blaine, 

Ephraim to George Washington 1781, March 21. 
Buckley, James. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of a.ssociation 1770, June 22. 
Buckner, Mordecai. See: Washington, George, List of officers sulnnitted to Robert 

Dinwiddle 1755, Aug. -Sept? 
Buenau, Rudolph von. Col., Hessian troops in America. See: German Trfiops in 

America, List forwarded to George Washington 1 780-1 . 
Bulfinch, Thomas. See: Chapel Church, Boston, Vote of Wardens 1789, C)ct. 18. 
Bullett, Thomas. See: Bullitt. 



202 INDEX. 

Bullitt, Thomas. Ensign, ist Viryinia regiment, i^ee: Washington, George, List of 
orScerssulnnitted to Robert Dinwiddie 1755, Aug.-Sept? Capt.,lst Virginia 
regiment. See: Fort Duquesne, Pennsylvania, Major James Grant's reconnois- 
sance. Return to George Washington 1758, Sept. 14. Washington, George, 
List of officers killed etc., at Fort Duquesne, Pennsylvania, on Major James 
Grant's reconnoissance 1758, Sept. 14. Mississippi Company, Articles of 
association 1763, June 3. Virginia, [Colony] Conncil proceedintrs 1773, 
Nov. 4. 

Bundy, Peter. Private, capt. Malcopi Henry's company, col. David Brever's 3/o.s«a- 
rhii.'<efts regiment. Petition to George Washington 1775, Oct. 13. 

Bunker Hill, Battle of. See: Washington, George, Account of the killed and 
wounded in the Ministerial army 1775, June-July. Return of killed and 
wounded at. See: Pennsylvania (The) Packet or the General Advertiser 
1775, July 31. 

Burbank, -. See: Massachusetts, [Colony] .Marblehead, Letter of inhabi- 
tants to George Washington 1775, Sept. 21. 

Burbeck. See: Borbeck. 

Burd, Benjamin. See: Bird. 

Burgh, Thomas. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Burgoyne, John. fJ. yen., BritisJt army. See: Ray, to George Washingtnn 

1782, April 27. Washington, George to Count de Rochambeau 1799, Feb. 21. 

Burk, John. Private, It. col., Adam Stephen's company 1st Virginia regiment. See: 
Fort Duquesne, Pennsylvania, 3Iajor James Grant's reconnoissance, Return 
to George Washington 1758, Sept. 14. 

Burn, David. Deserter from Browne's rangers. Examination 1777, June 6. 

Burnam, Henry. See: V^irginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Burnham, Joseph. Commissary f. Continental army. See: Continental army Cattle 
for, 1777, Dec? 

Burns, Samuel. Private, capt. James Ross's company, £d Pennsylvania rife hattalion. 

See: Thompson, William, Return of deserters 1775, Oct. 23. 
Burrowes, John. Capt., col. David Forman's additional Continental regiment. See: 

Forman, David to George Washington 1778, ^Nlarch 28. 
Burton, John. Member of Virginia House of Burgesses. See: Virginia, [Colony] 

Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
Burwell, Lewis. Member of Virginia House of Burgesses. See: Virginia, [Colony] 

Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Burwell, Lewis. Member of Virginia House of Burgesses from Gloucester. See: Vir- 
ginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Buskerck, Al)raham. See: Van Buskirk. 

Buskirk, Al)raham. See: Van Buskirk. 

Bussy, Hezekiah. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Butler, Charles. Ensign, 2d Connecticut regiment. Remonstrance to Joseph Spencer. 
See: Connecticut, [Colony] Troops, 2d regiment, Remonstrance of officers 
1775, July 26? 

Butler, John. Col., British provincial trooji.s See: Ray, to George Washing- 
ton 1782, April 27. 

Butler, Percival. Lt , Sd Pennsylvania regiment. Petition to George Washington. 
See: McCielan, John, and other officers to George Washington 1778, Sept. 15. 



INDEX. 203 

Butler, Zebulon. Col., 2d Connecticut regiment, commanding at Wnoming. Extract 
from letter of. See: Washington, George, A summary of intelligence ob- 
tained from Edward Hand 1779, ]May-June? 

Butts, . Sea captain. See: Washington, George to James Maury 1796, Dec. 5. 

Buxton, Charles. Physician. Letter to, See: W^ashington, George 1799, IMay SO. 

Byrd, .hjhn. See: Blair, John to George Washington 1773. 

Byron, John. Vict admiral, British nary. See: Z to George Wa.-^hington 177S, 
Dec. 7. 

Cabell, Josejih. Memher of Virginia House of Burgesses. See: Virginia, [Colony] 
Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Cabell, William, jr. Member of Virginia House (f Bxrgesses. See: Vir<,dnia, [Col- 
'iny] Articles of association 1770, June_22. 

Cadieux, Pierre. I'rirate, col. Moses Hazen's Canadian regiment. See: Goulet, Jean, 

Account of expenses 1780, Oct. 29. Ferrio, A , Certificate of mission 

1780, Oct. Petition to jNIarquis de Lafayette 17S1, Jan. 17. Services -in 
Canada. See: Gosselin, Clement, Certificate 1781, Jan. 18. 

Caldwell, James. Chaplain of the New Jersey brigade. See: Washington, George to 
Elias Boudinot 1782, Dec. 14. 

Call, . Captain. See: Bland, Theodorick to George Washington 1777, Dec. 

11. 

Callahan, . Miller. See: Washington, George to William Roberts 1799, 

June 17. 

Callico, Abel. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Callico, William. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Cambel, John. See: Campbell. 

"Cameleon." British frigate, capt. J. Johmtone. See: Littel I), to George Wash- 
ington 1780, July 22, July"26. 

Cameron, Duncan. Private, 8£d regiment, British army. See: I )urie, Thomas, Return 
to George Washington 1781, Oct. 2. 

Cameron, Duncan. Capt., 43d regiment, BriiMt army. See: Durie, Thomas, Return 
to (-ieorge Washington 1781, Oct. 

Campbell, Archihaid. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 

Campbell, Sir ArchiVjald. Lt. col., 71st regiment, British army. See: Z to George 
Washington i778, Dec. 16. 

Campbell, Colin. Lt., 62d regiment of foot in America. See: Washington, George, 
List of officers killed etc. at Fort Duquesne, Pennsylvania, on Major James 
Grant's reconnoissance 1758, Sept. 14. 

Campbell, Colin. See: Campbell, Thomas &. Company. 

Campbell, Mrs. Colin? See: Boucher, Jonathan to George V»'ashington 1770, 

March? 
Campbell, James. See: Reed, Joseph to James Warren 1775, Aug. 24. 

Campbell, James. Major, 71st regiment, British army. See: Durie, Thomas, Return 

to George Washington 1781, Oct. 
Campbell, John. See: Washington, George, List of officers sul)mitte(l to Robert 

Dinwiddle 1755, Aug.-Sept? 



204 IXDEX. 

Campbell, John. Li., rapt. Robert Stewart's company, 1st Mrginia regiment. See: 
Fort Duquesne, Pennsylvania, Major James Grant's reconnoissance, Return 
to George Was^ ington 1758, Sept. 14. Washington, George, List of officers 
killed etc. at Fort Duquesne, Pennsylvania, on Major James Grant's recon- 
noissance 1758 Sept. 14. 

Campbell, John. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Cfmp'oell, John. Lt. col., 74th regiment, Highlanders. See: Gosselin, Clement to 
George Washington 1781, Jan. 

Campbell, John. Col., 22d regiment, British army. See: Z to George Washington 
1778, Dec. 16. 

Campbell, John. Chi, Britif^h army and governor of Pensacohi. See: Z to George 
Washington 1778, Dec. 16. 

Campbell, John. Maj.gen., British army. See: Mullen, Daniel and others. Exami- 
nation 1782, Nov. 25. 

Campbell, Lachlan. See: Mercer, George and others. Deed of sale to George Wash- 
ington 1774, Dec. 12. 

Campbell, Lewis. Private, comm(tnder *'« chief's guard. See: Washington, George, 
Return of the commander in chief's guard 1783, March 2. 

Campbell, Neill. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Campbell, Thomas & Company. Account against John Parke Custis 1771, Dec. 16. 

Cam.pernell, William. Private, Capt. Thomas Mighill's company, col. Samuel Ger- 
rkJt's Massachusetts regiment. Petition to George Washington. See: Saw- 
yer, Ezekiel and others to George Washington 1775, Oct. 9. 

Canada. Address to inhabitants. See: Washington, George 1775, Sept. Expedi- 
tion against. See: Welch, William and others. Petition to George Washing- 
ton 1775-76. Projected expedition agai7isti)i 1779-81. See: Varick, Richard, 
Intelligence from, 1780? Jan? See also: Bay ley, Jacob; Boileau, Amable; 

Cadieux, Pierre; Gosselin, Clement; Goulet, Jean; Ferrio, A . Routes 

into. See: Varick, Richard, Memorandum of papers 1781? Inhabitants of 

and British forces in. See: Ray, to George Washington 1782, April 27. 

Boundaries See under documents to Washington; Canada, limits of, 1783. 

Cannon, John. Colonel. See: Washington, George to James Ross 1794, Sept. 13. 

Cannon, Luke. Ensign, 15th Virginia regiment. Testimony. See: Lee, Charles to 
George Washington 1778, June 2. 

Caphaw, John. Private, capt. John West' s company, 1st Virginia regiment. See: West, 
John jr., Return of new recruits 1754. 

Capron, Oliver. Capt., col. Ephr aim DoolittW s Massachusetts regiment. See: Sullivan 
John to George Washington 1775, Oct. 14. 

Carey, Richard. Lt. col. and aid de camp to WashingtorL. Letter to Thomas Mifflin 
1776, July 3. 

Carey. See: Gary. 

Carlton, Ebenezer. Purveyor, commander in chief's guard. See: Washington, George, 
Return of the commander in chief's guard 1783, March 2. 

Carleton, Sir Guy. Maj. gen. and It. gov. of Quebec. See: Driver, Joseph, Exam- 
ination 1777, April 16. Lt. gen. and commander \n chief of British forces 
in America. See: S. G. to John Bolton 1782, May 23, June 3. Culper, 
Samuel to John Bolton 1782, July 5. Washington, George to Count de 
Rochamheau 1782, Aug. 4. Bissel, Daniel, Intelligence obtained 1782, 
Oct. Washington, George to Count de Rochambeau 1783, May 10, Oct. 15. 

Carleton, Osgood. Lt., Invalid regiment, Continental army. See: Knox, Henry, 
Report of board of inspection 1783, June 10. 



INDEX. 20^ 

Carlyle, John. Merchant of Virginia. Letter to George Washington 17o0, Jan. 8. 

See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. Pearson, 

Simon, Deed of sale to George Washington 1763, Feb. 14. 
Carlyle, John & Dalton, John Merchants of Virginia. See: Grimett, Robert, 

Deposition 1760, Jan. 23. Ramsey, William; Adam, Robert and Carlyle 

and Dalton to George Washington and John West 1774, May 16. 
Carlyle, John. Colonel. See: Washington, George to William Herbert 1794, 

March 10. 
Carlyle, Mrs. John. See: Carlyle, John to George Washington 1760, Jan. 8. 
Carmer, Henry N. Lt. ., col. Jonathan Br exver's artificer regiment. See: Washington, 

George, A return of artificer regiment 1776, Aug. 4. 
Carmida, Lazerous. Deserter from col. John Patton's additional Continental regiment. 

See: Heard, John, Return to George Washington 1778, June 18. 
Cams, John. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
Carolinas, The. [Colonies] Provincial regiment. See: Fort Duquesne, Pennsyl- 
vania, Major James Grant's reconnoissance 1758, Sept. 14. 
Carrington, Edward. Colonel. Letter to. See: Washington, George 1796, May 1. 
Carring-ton, P . Member of Virginia House of Burgesses. See: Virginia, [Colony] 

Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
Carrol, Charles, jr. Volunteer aid to Wa.^hincjton. See: Washington, George to George 

Washington Lafayette 1798, Dec. 25. 
Carson, Thomas. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
Carstithers, Martin. Deserter from Royal Highland Einigrayitsf Examination. See: 

Harmany, Jacob, Examination 1778, Nov. 25. 
Carter, Charles, of Carotornan. Member of Virginia House of Burgesses. See: Vir- 
ginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
Carter, Charles. Letter to. See: Washington, George 1795, March 10. 
Carter, Charles L. Letter to. See: Washington, George 1797, June 10. 
Carter, Robert. Lt., col. Jonathan Brewer's artificer regiment. See: Washington, 

George, A return of artificer regiment 1776, Aug. 4. 
Carter, Robert Wormsley. Member of Virginia House of Bur gesse.^. See: Virginia, 

[Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
Carter, Thomas. See: Washington, George, List of officers submitted to Robert 

Dinwiddle 1755, Aug.-Sept? 
Cary, Archibald. Member of Virginia House of Burgesses. See: Virginia, [Colony] 

Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
Cary, Ebenezer. Chairman, Dutchess county Committee of Safety . See: New York, 

[Colony] Dutchess county, Committee of Safety to commanding officer at 

Fort Constitution 1776, May 17. 
Cary, John. Letter to. See: Washington, George 1796, Dec. 30. 
Cary, Simeon. Col., Massachusetts militia. See: Washington, George, Memorandum 

1776. 
Cary, Wilson Miles. Memberof Virginia House of Burgesses. See: Virginia, [Colony] 

Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
Cary. See: Carey. 
Cat, Jacob. Private, capt. John West's company, 1st Virginia regiment. See: West, 

John jr., Return of new recruits 1754. 
Cathcart, WMUiam Schaw, Earl. Cajjt., 17th dragoons and commander of "Cathcart's 

Loyalist Legion." See: Lesley, Joseph, Examination 1778, Oct. 31. Z to 

George Washington 1778, Dec;. 16. 



206 INDEX. 

Causgrave, "William. Friratt, It. col. John Graves Simcoe' s ' ^ Queeri' s Ranger.s." See: 
Heard, John, Return to George Washington 1778, June 18. 

Cayen, Pierre. See: Cadieux. 

Cazenove, John Henry. London merchant. Deed of s^ale t(.) George Washington. 
See: Mercer, George and others to George Washington 1774, Dec, 12. 

Chalmers, George. See: Washington, George to William HerVjert 1794, March 10. 
Washington, George to William Tilghman 1794, March 31. 

Chamberlain, Joshua. Lt., col. Jonathan Brewer'.^ artificer regiment. See: Washing- 
ton, George, A return of artificer regiment 1776, Aug. 4. 

Chamberlain, William. Lt. col., £d regiment, Hunterdon county. New Jersey, militiit. 
See: Washington, George, Memorandum of New Jensey militia 17S(), June. 

Chamberlayne, William. See: Chamberlain. 

Chambers, Benjamin. Lt., capt. David Harri.i\'< comjHimi, Ut Contineiital infantry. 

See: Hand, Edward, Return of officers 1776. 
Chambers, James. Capt., 2d Pennsylvania rifle battalion. See: Thompson, William, 

Return of deserters 1775, Oct. 23. Lt. col., li^t Continental infantry. See: 

Hand, Edward, Return of officers 1776. 
Chambers, John. Private, It. col. Adam Stephen's company, 1st Virginia regiment. 

See: Fort Duquesne, Pennsylvania, Major James Grant's reconnoissance. 

Return to George Washington 1758, Sept. 14. 
Champion, Henry jr. Lt., 2d Cotmecticut regiment. Remonstrance to Joseph 

Spencer. See: Connecticut, [Colony] Troops, 2d regiment, Remonstrance 

of officers 1775, July 26? 
Chapel Church, Boston, Vote of Wardens 1789, Oct. 18. 
Chapin, Israel. Capt., col. John Fellows' s Massachusetts regiment. See: Thomas, John 

to (i-eorge Washington 1775, Dec. 8. 
Chapin, Noah. Ensign, 2d Connecticut regiment. Remonstrance to Joseph Spencer. 

See: Connecticut, [Colony] Troops, 2d regiment, Remonstrance of officers 

1775, July 26? 
Chapman, Constant. See: Cliai>nian, Pearson, Petition to House of Burgesses of 

Virginia 1774, May 19. 

Chapman, George. See: Lysle, John to Capt. John West 1774, May 19. Chap- 
man, Pearson, Petition to House of Burgesses of Virginia 1774, May 19. 

Chapman, Pearson, of Maryland. Petition to House of Burgesses of Virginia 
1774, May 19. See: Lysle, John to Capt. John West 1774, May 19. 
Washington, George to James Ross 1794, June 16. 

Charleston, South Carolina, British Forces at. Estimate respecting, 1782, Dec. 23. 
See also: Tilghman, Tenc-h to George Washington 1782, Dec. 

Charlis, Lewis. Private.', capt. Thonws Williams' s company, col. John Pateri<on' s Massa- 
chusetts regiment or in capt. Jonas Hubbard's company, col. JonutJian ]Vard's 
Massachusetts regiment. Petition to George Washington. See: Welch, Wil- 
liam and others to George Washington 1776. 

" Charon." British man-of-ivar at York, capt. Thomas Symonds. See Yorktown, Brit- 
ish Forces at, Information respecting, 1781, Oct. 4. 

Chastellux, Francois Jean, Chevalier de. Maj.gen., French army in America. See: 
Washington, George, Regimental orders 1781, Oct. 20. 

Chedwick, John. Capt., crA. Jonathan Brewer' s artificer regiment. See: Washington, 
George, A return of artificer regiment 1776, Aug. 4. 



INDEX. 207 

Cheeck, James. Private, rajif. Bohert Steivart's company, 1st Virginia regiment. See: 
Fort Duquesne, Pennsylvania, Major James Grant's reconnoissauce, Return 
t(i (reortre Washington 1758, Sept. 14. 

Cheever, Ezekiel. Commissary of artillery. Receipt to George Washington for arms 
1775, Dei'. 9. Return to George Washington of ])owder received 1776, Jan. 
30. Receipt to George Washington for arms 1776, Feb. 1. Receipt to 
Edward Mitchell for arms purchased 1776, March 5. Receipt to Dummer 
Jewett for arms purchased 1776, March 29. Return to (jeorge Washington 
of ordnance stores 1776, July 22. Receipt to George Washington for arms 
1776. 

Chessher, Justanor. Private, col. (ieorge Washlngtuu'H company, l.st Virginia regi- 
ineut. See: Fort Duquesne, Pennsylvania, Major James Grant's reconnois- 
sauce. Return to George Washington 1758, Sept. 14. 

Chester, John. Capt., 2d Connecticut regiment. Remonstrance to Joseph Spencer. 
See: Connecticut [Colony] Troops, 2d regiment, Remonstrance of officers 
1775, July 26. 

Chester, John. Col., Connecticut state regiment. See: Washington, George, Mem- 
orandum 1776. 

Chew, Colt'by. Ensign, cupt. Thomas BvltitVs company, l.^t Virginia regiment. See: 
Fort Duquesne, Pennsylvania, Major James Grant's reconnoissauce. Return 
to George Washington 1758, Sept. 14. Washington, George, List of 
officers killed at Fort Duquesne, Pennsylvania, on Major James Giant's 
reconnoissauce 1758, Seyit. 14. 

Chichester, Richard. See: Washington, George to William !'>. Jackson 1799, 
Ajiril 10. 

Child, .lohn. Ensign, capt. Abner Craft's company, ivl. Tliomas Gardner's MassacJiu- 
.^ett>^ regiment. See: Langdon, Samuel to George Washington 1775, Sept. 18. 

Childs, Edwards. Private, capt. Wedter Stewart's company, 1st Virginia regiment. See: 
Fort Duquesne, Pennsylvania, Maj. James Grant's reconnoissauce, Return 
to George Washington 1758, Sept. 14. 

Childs, Increase. Capt., 2d New York regiment. See: Clinton, James, Return to 
George Washington 1776, June 19. 

Choisey, Claude Gabriel de. See: Choisi. 

Choisi, Claude Gabriel, Due de. Brig, gen., Frencli army in. America. See: Wash- 
ington, George, Regimental orders 1781, Oct. 20. Washington, George to 
Count de Rochambeau 1782, March 19, Aug. 11. 

Choissy, (Uaude Gabriel de. See: Choisi. 

Church, Robert. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Church, Thomas. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Church, Thomas. Col., .3d Rhode Island regiment. Letter to George Washington 
1775, Oct. 14. Letter to. See: Harrison, Robert Hanson 1775, Dec. 23. 

Churchill, Elijah. Sergt., 2d light dragoons. See: Greaton, James, Report to 
George Washington 1783, April 24. Washington, C^eorge, Proclamation 
1783, May 3. 

Cincinnati, (The) Society of. See: Washington, George to Arthur St. Clair 1784, 
Feb. 22. 

Claiborne, William. See: P>oucher, Jonathan to (ieorge Washington 1770, 

March ? 
Clap, Ebenezer. IJ. col., 20th .Vas.forhu.v'tts regiment. See: White, Nehemiah, 

Petition to George Washinirtoii 1775, Oct. 20. 



208 INDEX. 

Clark, Joel. Lt. col., 17th Continental infantry. Address to George Washington. 
See: Parsons, Samuel Holden and others to George Washington 1776, June 
29. 

Clark, John. Lt., capt. Henry Miller's company, 1st Continental infantry See: Hand, 
Edward, Return of officers 1776. 

Clark, John. Loyalist. See: Culper, Samuel to John Bolton 1780, Sept. 1 and 5. 

Clark, Lewis. Master sloop " Lydia." Receipt to Hugh Hughes. See: Hughes, 
Hugh, Return to George Washington 1776, June 16. 

Clark, Thomas and others. Field officers of the North Carolina brigade. Letter to 
George Washington 1778, June 12. 

Clark, Thomas. Corporal, 4th Pennsylvania regiment. See: Washington, George, 
Pardon 1780, :May 26. 

Clarke & Nightingale. Mercliants. Letter to. See: W^ashington, George 1775, 
Aug. 81. See: Washington, George to Nicholas Cooke 1775, Aug. 31. 

Clausen, . Private, British army. See: Lasick, Ludwig, Examination 1780, 

.Tune 16. 

Clay, Joseph. See: Georgia, [State] Savannah, Citizens, Proceedings of meeting 
1 795, July 25. 

Clayton, Asher. Capt., 2d Pennsylvania battalion, provincial troops. See: Wash- 
ington, George, List of officers killed etc. at Fort Duquesne, Pennsyl- 
vania, on Major James Grant's reconnoissance 1758, Sept. 14. 

Clayton, William. Member of Virginia House of Burge.'^ses. See: Virginia, [Colony] 
Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Cleavland, James. Capt., col. Jonathan Brewer' s artificer regiment. See: Washing- 
ton, George, A return of artificer regiment 1776, Aug. 4. 

Clefts, Wills. See: Chft. 

Clift, Wills. Major, 1st Connecticut regiment. See: Gibhs, Caleb, Report to William 
Heath and Benjamin Tupper 1781, July 30. 

Clinton, George. Col., Nem York militia. Letter to, See: Washington, George 
1776, May 2. Ex-governor of New York. Letter to. See: Washington, (Teorge 
1797, Feb. 28. 

Clinton, Sir Henry. Lt. gen. and commander in chief of British forces in America. 
See: Z to George Washington 1778, Dec. 7. New York, British Forces at. 
Information respecting, 1779, Dec. Culper, Samuel to John Bolton 1780, 
Feb. 27, March 11-13, April 5. Mersereau, John to George Washington 
1780, May 20, May 27. Amicus Reipublicae to George Washington 1780, 
June 1, June 24. New York, British Forces at. Information respecting, 
1780, July 18. Amicus Reipublicae to George Washington 1780, July 19. 
Littel D. to George Washington 1780, July 23, July 26. Culper, Samuel to 
John Bolton 1780, Aug. 16, Aug. 27. Brewster, Caleb to Benjamin Tall- 
madge 1780, Aug. 27. L. J. to George Washington 1780, Sept. 6? 
New York, British Forces at. Information respecting, 1780, Sept. 27? 
Littel D. to John Hendricks 1780, Oct. 24. Culper, Samuel to John Bol- 
ton 1780, Oct. 26. Littel D. to John Hendricks 1780, Oct. 26-27, Oct.-Nov. 
Vanderhovern, John to George Washington 1780, Nov. 6. S. G. to Benja- 
min Tallmadge 1781, July 15. Washington, George to Count de Rocham- 
beau 1782, Jan. 14, Feb. 21. S. G. to John Bolton 1782, June 3. Culper, 
Samuel to John Bolton 1782, July 5. 



INDEX. 209 

Clinton, James. Col., 2nd New York regiment. See: Nicoll, Isaac, Return to George 
Washington 1776, Apr. 23-29. Letter to, See: Washington, George 1776, 
June 15. Return to George Washington 1776, June 19. Brig, gen., Conti- 
nental army. See: Scamuiell, Alexander to George AVashington 1778, Sept. 
5. Scudder, William to George Washington 1779, June 13. Certificate 
concerning John Graham 1779, June 14. See: Washington, (-ieorge, 
Return of troops 1779, Aug? Washington, George to John SulUvan 1779, 
July r>. 

Cloide, AVilham. Pnrate, rapt. AhraJium ReecV i^ company, 1st Neiv Hampsliirc regi- 
ment. See: Sullivan, John to George W^ashington 1775, Oct. 14. 

Clonard, Chevalier. Commander of French man-of-war "Diligeyite." See: Washington, 
George to Count de Rochambeau 1782, Feb. 23. 

Cloug-h, Alexander. Major, .3d Continental dragoons. Letter to George Washington 
1778, June 18. 

Cloug-h, Jeremiah. Capt., 2d New Hampshire regiment. See: Sullivan, John to 
George Washington 1775, Oct. 14. 

Clug-gage, Robert. Capt., 2d Pennsylvania rifle battalion. See: Thompson, William, 
Return of deserters 1775, Oct. 23. Capjt., 1st Continental regiment. See: 
Hand, Edward, Return of officers 1776. 

Clutterbuck, Christian !M. and others. British nand. officers. Petition to (ieorge 
Washington 1776, May 5. 

Cobb, David. Lt. col. and aid de camp to Washington. See: Pickering, Timothy to 
George Washington 1782, Oct. 15. 

Cochran, James. Prirate, rapt. PJiilip Thomas's company, 8d Neiv IfampsJiire regi- 
ment. See: Sullivan, John to George Washington 1775, Oct. 14. 

Cochran, James. See: Georgia, [State] Savannah, Citizens, Proceedings of meeting 
1795, July 25. 

Cochran, William. Lt., col. Paul Dudley Sargenfs Massachusetts regiment. Petition 
til George Washington 1775, Oct. 

Cochrane, Robert. Major, 3d Netv York regiment. See: New York, [State] Troops, 
Return of officers 1779, April? 

Cockburn, ^Martin. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Cocke, Hartwell. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Cocke, James. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Cocke, Thomas Captf, 1st Virginia regiment. See: Washington, George, List of 
officers submitted to Robert Dinwiddle 1755, Aug.-Sept? 

Cockerill, Benjamin. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Cockerill, Thomas jr. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Coffen, Thomas Withers. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, 
June 22. 

Coffer, Francis. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Cognawag-a Indians. See: Indians, Cognawaga Nation. 

Coit. . Capjt., Continental armed vessel. Letter to. See: Reed, Joseph 1775, 

Oct. 29. 

Colden, Thomas? Major, Jersey Loyalist Volunteers. See: Culpcr, Sanniel to John 
Bolton 1780, Nov. 28. 

Coldwell, Moses. Private, capt. Tliomas MighilVs comptany, col. Samuel Gerrish^s 
Massachusetts regiment. Petition to George Washington. See: Sawyer, 
Ezekiel and others to George Washington 1775, Oct. 9. 

19108—01 U 



210 INDEX. 

Cole. John. Private, commander in chief s gtiard. See: Washington, George, Return 
of the commander in chief's guard 1783, March 2. 

Cole, Josej)li jr. Lt., capf. Josiah Haden'' k company, brig. gen. John Thomas's Massa- 
chusetts regirnent. See: Thomas, John to George Washington 1775, Oct. 11. 

Cole, ;\Iarcus. Ensign, 2d Connecticut regiment. Remonstrance to Joseph Spencer. 
See: Connecticut, [Colony] Troops, 2d regiment, Remonstrance of officers 
1775, July 26? 

Cole, Thomas. Ensign, capt. Andrew Billings' s comjxmy, 3rd Neiv Yorkregiineut. See: 
Xicoll, Isaac, Return to George Washington 1776, Apr. 23-29. 

Collins, Richard. Private, capt. Enoch Putnam' s company, col. John Mansfield's Massa- 
chusetts regiment. See: Sullivan, John to George Washington 1775, Sept. 14. 

Collon, Ralph. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Colonial Forces. Virginia, Carolina, Maryland and Pennsylvania provincials. 
See: Fort Duquesne, Pennsylvania, Major James Grant's reconnoissance. 
Return to George Washington 1758, Sept. 14. 

Colvill, Thomas. Colonel. See: Washington, George to William Herbert 1794, 
INIarch 10. Washington, George to William Tilghman 1794, INIarch 31. 
Washington, George to Bushrod Washington 1796, March 9, March 21. 

Colvin, Thomas. Private, 11th Pennsylvania, regiment. See: Washington, George, 
Pardon 1 780, May 26. 

Combes, John. Capt., col. David Forman's additional Continental regiment. See: 
Forman, David to George Washington 1778, March 28. 

Compton, John. See: New York, British Forces at. Information respecting, 1780, 
Aug. 13. 

Concklin, Cornelius. Captain. See: Culper, Samuel to John Bolton 1780, Oct. 8. 

"Concord." Prize. See: Moylan, Stephen to William Bartlett 1776, March 11. 

"Confederacy." Continental frigate, capt. Seth Harding. See: Continental Con- 
gress, Admiralty Board to George Washington 1780, Aug. 31. 

Conly, Patrick. Private, Siid regiment British army. See: Durie, Thomas, Return 
to George Washington 1781, Oct. 2. 

Connecticut, [Colony] Troops, 2d regiment, Remonstrance of officers 1775, July 26? 
[State] 1st brigade. See: Scammell, Alexander, Return to George Wash- 
ington 1780, June 20. 2d brigade. See: Scammell, Alexander, Return 
to George Washington 1780, June 22. [Colony] Hartford, Committee of 
Safety. Letter to. See: Reed, Joseph 1775, Sept. 3. New London, Committee 
of Safety. Letter to. See: Washington, George 1775, Aug. 9. Stonington, 
Committee of Safety. Letter to, See: Moylan, Stephen 1775, Nov. 27. See: 
Harrison, Robert Hanson to Joseph Denison 1776, Jan. 20. Symsbury, 
Committee of Safety. Letter to. See: Washington, George 1775, Dec. 11. 

Connelly, John. See: Connolly. 

Connely, Edward. Private, 2d company, 1st Continental artillery. See: Washing- 
ton, George, General orders 1778, June 11. 

Conner, Bryan. Private, capt. John West's company, 1st Virginia regiment. See- 
West, John jr.. Return of new recruits 1754. 

Conner, Edward. See: Pearson, Simon, Deed of sale to George Washington 1763, 
Feb. 14. 

Conner, Jeremiah. Private, capt. Henry Dearborn' s company, 1st New Hampshire 
regiment. See: Sullivan, John to George Washington 1775, Oct. 14. 

Conner, John. Private, col. George Washington's company, l.'^t Virginia regiment. See: 
Fort Duquesne, Pennsylvania, Major James Grant's reconnoissance. Return 
to George Washington 1758, Sept. 14. 



INDEX. 211 

Conolly, John. Lt. col., Loyal Forester,s. See: Z to George "Washington 1778, Dec. 
19. Durie, Thoman, Return to George Washington 1781, Oct. 2. 

Continental Army, A'a<(ovt«o/.*(/'-q/?icers. See: Gates, Horatio 1775, July? Hospi- 
tal. See: Sullivan, John, Proceedings of a court of inquiry 1775, Sept. 
Comicil of War. To consider increase and support of Army 1775, Oct. 8. 
Pennsijlvania troops, deserters. See: Thompson, William, Return 1775, Oct. 
23. Military stores. See: New York City, Committee of Safety to George 
Washington 1775. Rations of staff-officers. See: Gates, Horatio 1776, March 
12. Barracks for. See: Davis, Joshua to George Washington 1776, April 4. 
Military stores. Tabular return to George Washington 1776, April 23. 
Intrenching tools. See: Hughes, Hugh, Return to George Washington 1776, 
June 8. Court Martial. See: Lasher, John, Proceedings 1776, Sept. 26. 
Virginia troops, 3d regiment. Memorial of 1st lieutenants to George Washing- 
ton. See: Virginia, [Colony] Troops, 3d regiment 1776, Sept. List of invalid 
officers and soldiers. See: Turner, Philip to George Washington 1776, Nov. 
10. Munitions of war. A return to George Washington 1776. Route of march 
from Morristoivn, New Jersey. See: Washington, George, Route of march 
1777, July. Council of officers. See: Sullivan, John to George Washington 
1777, Dec. 10? Cattle for. Return to George AVashington 1777, Dec?_ Tailors. 
See: Pickering, Timothy to George Washington 1778, Jan. 10. Forage maga- 
zines. Report sent to George Washington 1778? Feb? Court Martial. See: 
Lee, Charles to George Washington 1778, June 2. General orders. See: Wash- 
ington, George, General orders 1778, June 11. North Carolina field officers 
to George Washington. See: Clark, Thomas and others to George Washing- 
ton 1778, June 12. Return of colours of fifteenhrigades. See: Scammell, Alex- 
ander to George Washington 1778, Sept. 5. Pennsylvania line officers. Petition 
to George Washington. See: McClelan, John and other officers to George 
Washington 1778, Sept. 15. Clothing for. See: Washington, George, Certifi- 
cate of officers 1 778, Oct. 28. Warrant for appointment of paymaster, etc. 1 778 ? 
Weekly return. See: Scammell, Alexander to George Washington 1779, Aug. 
28. Pennsylvania troops. See: Washington, George, Circular letter 1780, 
Jan. 22. Commander in chief ' s guard. See: Washington, George, A return of 
the commander in chief's guard 1783, March 2. 

Continental Congress, Resolves: Respecting Maj. Gen. Gates commanding at Bos- 
ton 1778, Oct. 22. Respecting raising an additional battalion 1779, Jan. 9. 
Relating to military affairs 1779, March 8, June 28; 1780, March 21. See: 
Harrison, Robert Hanson, Copy of resolves 1780, March 21? Respecting 
obtaining money and supplies. See: Harrison, Roliert Hanson, Copy of 
resolves 1780, May 19. Directing the commander in chief to set Sir Charles 
Asgill at liberty 1782, Nov. 7. Respecting the murder of Capt. Huddy 
1782, Nov. 8. Respecting term of enlistment 1783, April 23. Admiralty 
Board. Letter to George Washington 1779, Nov. 10; 1780, Feb. 15, March 
23, May 6, July 11, Aug. 14, Aug. 31. See also: Marine Committee. Co7n- 
mittee. " Queries to be made at Head Quarters". See: Harrison, Robert 
Hanson, Copy of queries 1776, Sept. 20-7. Committee of Cooperation. 
Militia and supplies requested from the states 1780, June 2. Marine Com- 
mittee. Letter to George Washington 1779, May 26, Sept. 28. See also: 
Admiralty Board. Nary hoard, Middle District. See: Hopkinson, Francis 
and AVharton, John, Letter to George Washington 1777, Dec. 30. 

Conway, Thomas. Brig, gen.. Continental army. See: Washington, George, Plan 
for the attack at Germantown 1777, Oct. 3. Sullivan, John to George 
Washington 1777, Dec. 10? Maj. gen.. Continental army. See: Pickering, 
Timothy to George Washington 1778, Jan. 10. "Late'' maj. gen., Conti- 
nental army. See: Washington, George, General orders 1778, June 11. 



212 INDEX. 

Cook, Robert. Capt., armed galley "Lady Washington." Payroll of officers 1776, Sept„ 

Cooke, Nicholas. Governor of Ehode Island. Letter to, See: Washington, George- 
1775, July 18, July 26, Aug. 31, Oct. 5, Oct. 13, Oct. 24, Oct. 29, Nov.. 2,. 
Nov. 18, Dec. 17. Letter to George AVashington 1776, Jan. 1. Letter to. 
See: Washington, George 1776, April 1. 

Cooke, AVilliam. Capt., 15th regiment, British army. See: Church, Thomas to George- 
Washington 1775, Oct. 14. 

Cooper, James. See: Washington, George to James Welch 1797, Dec. 1. 

Copithorn, John. See: Pearson, Simon, Deed of sale to George Washington 1763, 
FeV). 14. 

Copp, John. Capt., 1st New York regiment. See: New York, [State] Troops, Return 
of officers 1779, April? Letter to George Washington 1779, May 16. 

Coram, William. Private, commander in chief's guard. See: Washington, George, 
Return of the commander in chief's guard 1783, March 2. 

Coren, Isaac. Capt., col. Beiijam.in Flower's artillery and artificer regiment. Seer. 
Flower, Benjamin, Return to George Washington 1780, Jan., Feb. 22. 

Cotton, Theoi>hilus. Col., Massachusetts regiment. See: Thomas, John to George- 
Washington 1775, Oct. 13. 

Corbin, John Tayloe. Member of Virginia House of Burgesses. See: Virginia, [Col- 
ony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Corn-wallis, Charles, Earl. Lt. gen., British army. See: Philadelphia, British Forces 
at. Information respecting, 1777, Nov. 17. New York, British Forces at, 
Information respecting, 1779, Dec. Amicus Reipublicae to George Washing- 
ton 1780, June 24. Culper, Samuel to John Bolton 1780, Oct. 26, Dec. 12. S. G.. 
to Richard Muirson 1781, July 8. New York, British Forces at. Information 
respecting, 1781, Oct. 4. Durie, Thomas, Return to George Washington 
1781, Oct. 19. Washington, George to Count de Rochambeau 1782, April 23. 

Cornwallis, Charles, Earl. Lt. gen. "Commanding the garrisotis of York d- Glouces^ 
ter". and Symonds, Thomas. Captain "Commanding his Brittanick Majesty' s 
Naval Forces in York River" . Articles of capitulation at Yorktown 1781, 
Oct. 19. 

Cortlandt, Philip. See Van Cortlandt. 

Cottrell, Nicholas. Privatef, capt. Tliomas Williams's company, col. John Paiterson's 
Massachusetts regiment or in capt. Jonas Hubbard's company, col. Jonathan 
]]'urd's regiment. Petition to George Washington. See: Welch, William- 
and others to George Washington 1775-76. 

Coultliard, . Capt., British privateer "^Vatt." See: Amicus Reipublicae ta 

George Washington 1780, July 16-19. 

Coulther, Peter. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Coutts, Patrick. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Cowper, John. See: Washington, George to John Lewis 1794, Sept. 8. 

Cox, James? Col., Neiv Jersey militia. Answers to questions. See: Washington,. 
George, A summary of intelligence obtained from Edward Hand 1779, 
May-June? Answers to sixteen questions. See: Washington, George,. 
Questions propounded 1779, May-June? 

Cox, James? Col., Netv Jersey militia, and Patterson, Samuel Col., Delaware detach- 
ment of pitying camp and brig, gen., Delaware militia. Answers to nineteen) 
questions propounded by George Washington 1779, May-June? 



INDEX. 213 

Oox, Richard? Capt, Qd New Jersey regiment. See: Washington, George, Regimen- 
tal orders 1781, Oct. 26. 

-Coxe, James. See: Cox. 

•Craft, Benjamin. lJ.,rapt. Benjamin KimhalVs company, I9th MannKchuseUs regiment. 
I'etition to George Washington 1775, Nov. 10. 

Crafts, Aimer. ^Capt., col. Thomas Gardner' s Massachusetts regiment. See: Langdon, 
Sanuiel to George Washington 1775, Sept. 18. 

•Crafts, Thomas jr. Letter to. See: Harrison, Robert Hanson 1775, Dec. 11. 

■Craig, Charles, ('apt., IM Continental infantry. See: Hand, Edward, Return of 
othcers 1776. 

•Craig, .James H. Major. Letter to, See: Washington, George. 1796, Feb. 13. 

Craig, Samuel. />/., rapt. Cfiarles Craig's company, 1st Continental infantry. See: 
Hand, Edward, Return of officers 1776. 

■Craik, .lames. Physician. See: Virginia, [Colony] Council proceedings 1773, Nov. 4. 
Washington, George to Daniel of St. Thomas Jenifer 1797, May? [June] 7. 

'Craik, AVashington. Lt. of light dragoons. See: Washington, George to George 
Washington Lafayette 1798, Dec. 25. 

Crambread, John. See: Cremer? 

Crane, John. Major, col. Henry Knox's regiment of Continental artillery. See: Conti- 
nental army, military stores 1776, April 23. 

Cranston, Abner. Capt., 6t}i Continent d infantry. See: Whitcomb, Asa, List of offi- 
cers 1776, April 1. 

Creamer, .lacol). Deserter from Broime's rangers. See: Burn, David, Answers to 
(|ueHtions 1777, June 6. 

■Creatnpton, Thomas. Pennsylvania loy(dis(. See: Heard, John, Return to George 
Washington 1778, June 18. 

Crenier? John. Late It., capt. Benjamin Weiser's company, col. NicluAus ITuusseger' s 
German regiment. See: Heard, John, Return to George Washington 1778, 
June 18. 

•Cremslaw, Joseph. Private, col. George Washington' x company, l.'it Virginia regiment. 
See: Fort Duquesne, Pennsylvania, Major James (irant's reconnoissance. 
Return to George Washington 1758, Sept. 14. 

'Cresy, Alark. I J., capt. Thomas MigJtiU's company, col. Samuel Gerrish' s Massachusetts 
rcgitnent. See: Sawyer, Ezekiel and others. Petition to George Washington 
1775 Oct. 9. 

•Croco, IVter. See: Heard, John, Retxirn to George Washington 1778, June 18. 

■Croger, John Harris. See: Cruger. 

Cromer, Henry. See: Crone. 

Crompton, William. Private, 23dregiment, Britisii army. See: Durie, Thomas, Return 
to George Washington 1781, Oct. 2. 

Crone, Henry. Lt., capt. William Ilendrick's company, 2d ]'ennsylva)iia. rifle hattati(m. 
See: Thompson, William U) George Washington 1775, Nov. 13. 

Crooks, Robert. See: A^irginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Crosby, .loci. Private, commander in chief's guard. See: Washington, George, 
lU'turn of the commander in chiefs guard 178.3, March 2. 



214 INDEX. 

Cross, William. Lt., eapt. Matthew Smith's company, 1st Continental infantry. Seer 
Hand, Edward, Return of officers 1776. 

Cross-well, William. Private, eapt. Thomas Bidlitf s company, 1st Virginia regiment. 
See: Fort Duquesne, Pennsylvania, Major James Grant's reconnoissance. 
Return to George Washington 1758, Sept. 14. 

Crow, Negro. See: Washington, George to Burgess Ball 1794, July 27. 

Crug-er, John Harris. Lt. col., DeLancey's battalions, British provhicial troops. See: 
South Carolina, [State] British Forces in, 1781, Aug. 10. Charleston, South 
Carolina, British Forces at, 1782, Dec. 2. 

Crump, Turner. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Crump, William. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Cull, Hugh. Private, commander in chief s guard. See: Washington, George, Return 
of the commander in chief's guard 1783, March 2. 

Cullison, William. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Culom, Jeremiah. Private, capt. Robert Stewart's company, 1st Virginia regiment^ 
See: Fort Duquesne, Pennsylvania, Major James Grant's reconnoissance,. 
Return to George Washington 1758, Sept. 14. 

Culper, Samuel. Secret agent near New York. Letter to John Bolton 1780, Feb. 
27, March 11-13, March 13, April 5, April 18, April 23, Aug. 7. Plan of 
fort at Lloyd's Neck, Long Island, sent to John Bolton 1780, Aug. 7, 
Letter to John Bolton 1780, Aug. 16, Aug. 27. See: Brewster, Caleb to 
Benjamin Tallmadge 1780, Aug. 27. Letter to John Bolton 1780, Sept. 1 
and 5, Oct. 8. See: Tallmadge Benjamin to George Washington 1780, Oct. 
11. Letter to John Bolton 1780, Oct. 26, Nov. 5, Nov. 28, Dec. 12, Dec. 
24; 1781, May 19, July 7. Letter to Caleb Brewster 1782, May 5. Letter 
to John Bolton ,1782, July 5. 

Culper, Samuel jr. Secret agent in New York. Letter to John Bolton 1780, March 3, 
March 10. See: Culper, Samuel to John Bolton 1780, March 13. Letter 
to John Bolton 1780, March 28. See: Culper, Samuel to John Bolton 
1780, April 5, April 23. Letter to William Floyed 1780, Aug. 6. See: Cul- 
per, Samuel to John Bolton 1780, Aug. 7, Aug. 16. Letter to John Bolton 
1780, Aug. 17. See: Culper, Samuel to John Bolton 1780, Aug. 27, Sept. 1 
and 5, Oct. 8. Tallmadge, Benjamin to George Washington 1780, Oct. 11. 
Culper, Samuel to John Bolton 1780, Oct. 26; 1781, May 19. 

Cunning'h.ain, James. Col., 1st Pennsylvania battalion of Jiying camj). See: Wash- 
ington, George, Memorandum 1776. 

Cunnington, John. Deserter from British guardship '^Garland." Examination. See: 
^lullen Daniel and others, Examination 1782, Nov. 25. 

Curtis, Peter. Lt., Sd Connecticut regiment. Remonstrance to Joseph Spencer. See: 
Connecticut, [Colony] Troops, 2d regiment. Remonstrance of officers 1775, 
July 26? 

Cushing, Nathaniel. Lt., Gth Continental infantry. Letter to George Washing- 
ton. See: Haynes, Aaron and others to George Washington 1776, April 1. 
Whitcomb, Asa, List of officers 1776, April 1. 

Cusliing, Thomas. Member, Massachusetts Council. See: Heath, William to George 
Washington 1780, Aug. 13. 

Custis, Eleanor Parke. See: Washington, George to Tobias Lear i794. May 6. 
Washington, George to Jonathan Trumbull 1798, July 25. Washington, 
George to George Washington Lafayette 1798, Dec. 25. Washington, George 
to Bryan, Lord Fairfax 1799, Jan. 20. Washington, George to Lawrence 
Lewis 1799, Sept. 20. 



INDEX. 215 

Custis, George Washington Parke. See: ^Yashington, George to Tobias Lear 1796, 
Nov. 16. Cnruff of light dragoons. See: Washington, George to George 
Washington Lafayette 1798, Dec. 25. Washington, George to Thomas 
Peter 1799, May 5. 

Custis, John Parke. See: Brown, James, Account 1769, Aug. 29. Boucher, Jona- 
than to George Wasliington 1770, March? Frazier, Joshua, Account 1770, 
June 10. Johnson, Mary, Account 1770, Sept. 30? Pinkney, Robert, 
Account 1771, Nov-Dec. Campbell, Thomas and Co., Account 1771, 
Dec. 16. Jacques, Lancelot, Account 1771, Dec. 16. Boucher, Jonathan 
to George Washington 1771, Dec. 18. 

Dady, James. fMler, commander in chief's guard. See: Washington, George, Return 
of the conunander in chief's guard 1783, March 2. 

Daily, Solomon. Private, commander in chiefs guard. See: Washington, (George, 
Return of commander in chief's guard 1783, March 2. 

Daley, Thomas. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June .22. 

Dalton, John. See: Carlyle, John to George Washington 1760, Jan. 8. Grimett, 
Robert, Deposition 1760, Jan. 23. Virginia, [Colony] Articles of associa- 
tion 1770, June 22. Washington, George to Tobias Lear 1794, May 6. 
See also: Carlyle and Dalton. 

Dalton, . See: Washi: gton, George to William Thornton 1799, April 21. 

Dandridge, Bartholomew. Secretary io President Washington. Letter to John M. 
Pintard 1795, April 14. See: Washington, George to Tobias Lear 1796, 
March 21, March 30, Nov. 16. 

Dandridge, John. Authorization to. See: Washington, George 1795, May 28. 

Danell, Augustus. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Danforth, Jonathan. CapL, 1st Continentalinfantry. Letter to George Washington. 
See: Haynes, Aaron and others to George Washington 1776, April 1. See 
Whitcomb, Asa, List of officers 1776, April 1. 

Dang-erfield, William. See: Washington, George, List of officers submitted to Rob- 
ert Dinwiddle 1755, Aug. -Sept? 

Daniel, Rueben. Private, capt. David Moore's company, col. John Nixon''s Massachu- 
setts regiment. See: Sullivan, John to George Washington 1775, Oct. 14. 

Daniel, Augustus. See: Danell. 

Darrell, Sampson. Justice of the peace. See: Johnson, George to George Wa^^hing- 
ton 1760, Jan. 8. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Darrill. See: Darrell. 

Dausey, Joseph. I'rivate, It. col. Adam Stephen's company, Ixt Virginia regiment. See: 
Fort Duquesne, Pennsylvania, Major James Grant's reconnoissaiico, Return 
to George Washington 1758, Sept. 14. 

Davenport, Josejih. Miller. See: Washington, George to William Roberts 1799, 
June 17. 

Davidson, Sanmel. Letter to. See: Washington, George 1798, March 2. 

Davidson, William, of Milford, Connecticut. See: Culper, Sanmel t(j John Bolton 
1782, July 5. 

Davis, Benjamin. Boatswain, armed galley ''Lady Washington." See: Cook, Robert, 
Payroll of officers 1776, Sept. 

Davis, George. Private, It. col. Adam Stephen's company, 1st Virginia regiment. 
See: Fort Duquesne, Pennsylvania, Major James Grant's reconnoissance. 
Return to (ie(jrge Washington 1758, Sept. 14. ^ 



216 INDEX, 

Davis, Isaac. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
Davis, John. Private, major Andrew Lewis's company, 1st Virginia regiment. See: 

Fort Duquesne, Pennsylvania, Major James Grant's reconnoissance, Return 

to George "Washington 1758, Sept. 14. 

Davis, John. (Japt., 4th New York regiment. See: New York, [State] Troops, Return 
of officers 1779, April? 

Davis, Joshua. Captain. Estimate for fitting out whale-boats 1775, July 22. Return 
of boats 1775, July 27. Deputy barrack manager, Continental army. Return 
to George Washington 1776, April 4. Report on condition of barracks 1776 
April 4. 

Davis, Rol)ert. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Dayton, Elias. Col., 1st regiment, Essex county, New Jersey, militia. See: Washing- 
ton, George, Memorandum of New Jersey militia 1780, June. Col., 3d 
New Jersey regiment. Letter to. See: A Stranger 1780, Oct. 17. See: Hen- 
dricks, John to George Washington 1780, Oct. 17. A Stranger to George 
Washington 1780, Oct. 23. Littel D. to John Hendricks 1780, Oct. 24. 
Brig, gen.. Continental army. See: Walker, Benjamin to Horatio Gates 1783, 
Feb. 16. 

Dayton, Jonathan. Capt., 3d New Jersey regiment. See: Vanderhovern, John to 

George Washington 1780, Nov. 6. 
D'Borre, Prudhomme. See: Borre, Prudhomme de. 
Deakins, Francis, Colonel. Letter to. See: Washington, George 1796, Nov. 13; 

1799, Jan. 25, June 26. 

Deakins, John. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Deakins, William. Colonel. Letter to, See: Washington, George 1795, July 13; 
1796, June 6. 

Dean, John. See: Washington, George, List of officers submitted to Robert Din- 
widdle 1755, Aug. -Sept? 

Dean, Seth. Private, capt. Jonathan Hobnan's company, col. John Mansfield's Massa- 
chusetts regiment. See: Sullivan, John to George Washington 1775, Oct. 14. 

Deane, Levi. J'rintte,commander in chief's guard. See: Washington, George, Return 

of the commander in chief's guard, 1783, March 2. 
Deane, Silas. See: Amicus Reipublicae to George Washington 1780, Oct. 13. 
"Deane." Continental frigate, capt. Samuel Nicholson. See: Continental Congress, 

Admiralty Board to George Washington 1780, Aug. 14, Aug. 31. 

Dearborn, Henry. Capt., 1st Neiv Hampshire regiment. See: Sullivan, John to 

(ieorge Washington 1775, Oct. 14. 
Dearborn, Samuel. Ensign, capt. Aaron Kinsman's company, 1st New Hamp>shire 

regiment. See: Sullivan, John to George Washington 1775, Oct? 

DeBarth, . See: Washington, George to Tobias Lear 1794, ^lay 6. 

DeBolck. See: Borke. 

Dedham, ^Massachusetts. See: Massachusetts, [Colony] Dedham. 
"Defyance." British man-of-ivar at New York, capt. John Jacobs. See: New York, 
British Forces at. Information respecting, 1779, Dec. 

DeKeyser, Lehaynsius. See: Washington, George, List of officers submitted to 

Robert Dinwiddle 1755, Aug.-Sept? 
DeEizer, Lehaynsius. See: DeKeyser. 
DeLancy, James. See: Moylan, Stephen to Alexander McDougall 1776, Mar. 14. 



INDEX. 217 

DeLancy, John Peter. Major, PemLV/lraiiid l()i/nJi><ts. 8ee: Yanderhovern, John to 
( ieoru^e "Washington 1780, Nov. 6. 

DeLancy, Oliver. Brig. (/I'n., DeLancy's battalions. 8ee: Burn, David, Examina- 
tion 1777, June (>. Washington, George, Examination of PhiHp Miller 
!77s. Bissel, Daniel, Information obtained 1782, Oct. 

IDeLancy, (Jliver jr. Li. col. and adj. gen., BritiKli ariinj in. America. See: Littel I). 
to John Hendricks 1780, Oct. 24. 

Delioose, See: Loo.s. 

DeMott, Mark. Capt., New York viilida. Secret Information sent George Wash- 
ington 1782, April 27. 

DeMouth. See: De:\Iott. 

Deneale? .ros('])h. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Denison, Josepii. Chairman of Committee of Sionington, Connecticut. Letter to, 
See: Harrison, Robert Hanson 1776, Jan. 20. 

Denison, Nathan. "Col." and justice of the j^eaee. Certificate of oatli of Henry 
Richard and letter to George Washington. See: Richard, Henry, Deposi- 
tion 1782, July 7. 

Dennistone, James. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Denny, William. Lt. gov. of Pennsylvania. See: Loudoun, John Campbell, Earl, 
Minutes taken at a meeting of Governors 1757, March 15. 

Denny, . CapL, sloop " Warren". See: Moylan, Stejihen to Committee of 

Safety of Stonington 1775, Nov. 27. 

Dent, John. Corporal, commander in chiefs guard. See: AVashington, George, 
Return of commander in chief's guard 1783, March 2. 

Denty, Jonathan. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

DeRaull. See: Ralil. 

Deserters, American. Return of. See: Thontpson, William 1775, Oct. 28. 

Deserters, British. Examination of. See: Mitchell, William 1777, Jan? Burn, 
David 1777, June 6. Hansbury, Frederick 1777, June (i. Willis, Enoch 

1777, June 7. Harrison, Richard 1777, June 7. English, Robert 1777, 
June 7. Lowen, John 1777, June 7. Bowman, Thomas 1777, June 8. 
Lesley, John 1778, Oct. 31. McNughton, Peter 1778, Nov. 8. Harmany, 
Jacol) 1778, Nov. 25. Washington, George, Examination of Philip Miller 

1778. Dickson, James 1780, June 15. Mullen, Daniel and others 1782, 
Nov. 25-29. 

Deserters, Hessian. Examination of. See: Trech, 1778, Oct. 31? Krne.st, 

John and others 1782, Nov. 30. 
Dewet. Dnimiier. See: Jewett. 
Dewey, Oliver. Lt., col. Jonathan Brewer\s artificer regiment. See: Washington, 

( ieorge, A return of artificer regiment 1776, Aug 4. 
DeWitt, Thomas. Capt., 3d New York regiment. See: New York, [State] Troops, 

Return of officers 1779, April? Letter to George Washington 1780, Jan. 4. 

DeWunnb. See: Wurmb. 

Dexter, . I ohn Singer. Asst. adj. geti., Coiitinenial anity. See: Wasliington, ( ieorge, 

Orderly Book 1778. 
Dick. .loliii. Jj., cdjil. James Jios.s's company, l.'^t Contiiienidl lufaiilri/. See: Hand, 

Ivlward, Return of officers 1776. 
Dickinson, Joseph. Ensign, 2d Connecticut regiment. Remonstrance to Joseph 

Spencer. See: Connecticut, [Colony] Troops, 2d regiment. Remonstrance 

of officers 1775, July 26? 



218 INDEX. 

Dickinson, Reuben. Capt, col. Benjamin Ruggles Woodhridge^ s Massachusetts regi- 
ment. See: Homans, John, Certificate to Benjamin Ruggles Woodbridge 

1775, Nov. 30. 
Dickerson, Reuben. See: Dickinson. 

Dickson, Jame^. Deserter from the ^^ Guards' \ Examination 1780, June 15. 
Didder, Jeremiah. Private, 4th Continental dragoons. See: Heard, John, Return to 

George Washington 1778, June 18. 
Didfourth. See: Dittfurth. 
Digby, Robert. Rear admiral, British navy. See: Yorktown, Virginia, British 

Forces at. Information respecting, 1781, Oct. 4. New York, British Forces 

at, Information respecting, 1782, Feb. 6. 
"Diligente." French man-of-ivar. See: Washington, George to Count de Rocham- 

beau 1782, Feb. 23. 
Din^vell, George. Private, capt. Enoch Putnam's company, col. JoJin Mansfield's 

Massachusetts regiment. See: Sullivan, John to George Washington 1775, 

Oct. 14. 
Dinwiddle, Robert. Lt. gov. of '['Virginia. Letter to. See: Washington, George 

1755, July 18. List of officers submitted to. See: Washington, George 

1755, Aug. -Sept? See: Loudoun, John Campbell, Earl, Minutes taken at 

a meeting of Governors 1757, March 15. Virginia, [Colony] Council pro- 
ceedings 1773, Nnv. 4. 
Dismal Swamp Canal Company. See: Washington, George to John Jameson 

1795, Feb. 15, Feb. 16. 
Dittfurth. Reg-iment. See: German Troops in America, List forwarded to George 

Wasiiington 1780-1. 
Dixon, Adam. Private, 80th regiment, British army. See: Durie, Thomas, Return 

to (ieorge Washington 1781, Oct. 2. 
Dixon, Haldenby. Member of Virginia House of Burgesses. See: Virginia, [Colony] 

Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
Dixon, John. See: Purdie & Dixon. 

Dixon, Roger. See: Boucher, Jonathan to George Washington 1770, .larch? 
Dobbs, Arthur. Governor of Xorth Carolina. See: Loudoun, John Campbell, Earl, 

3Iinutes taken at a meeting of Governors 1757, March 15. 
Dobson, Thomas. See: Washington, George to Clement Biddle 1797, Sept. 6. 
Dodge, Henry. Lt., 5th New York regiment. See: New York, [State] Troops, 

Return of officers 1779, April? 
Dodge, Richard. Capt., col. Samuel Gerri.^h's Massachusetts regiment. A return of 

stock 1775, July 14. Letter to George Washington 1775, Sept. 23. 
Dodge, William. Private, col. Richard Gridley's Massachusetts artillery regiment. 

Petition to George Washington 1775. 
Doke, William. Guimer' s mate, armed galley ''Lady Washington." See: Cook, Robert, 

Payroll of officers 1776, Sept. 
Dole, Enoch. Surgeon's mate, col. Ephraim Doolittle's 3fassachusetts regiment. See: 

Sullivan, John, Proceedings of a court of inquiry 1775, Sept. 9. 
Dolson, Mathias, Lieut., capt. John Wisner's company. Orange county, Xew York, 

minute men. See: Nicoll, Isaac, Return to George Washington 1776, Apr. 

23-29. 
Donald, James. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
Donald, Robert. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 



INDEX. 219 

Donaldson, Andrew. Lt., col. Jonathan Breirer's artlficei' regiment. See: Washing- 
ton, (4eor^'e, A return of artiticer regiment 1776, Aug. 4. 

Donaldson, Bailey. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Donaldson, James. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Donaldson, Stephen Baley. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, 
June 22. 

Donee, . Miller. See: Washington, George to William Fitzhugh 1798, May 30. 

Donelson, John. Member of Virginia House of Burgesses. See: Virginia, [Colony} 
Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Donidall? James. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Donidall, John. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of assoi'iation 1770, June 22. 

Doolittle, Ephraim. Col., 3Ia.isachi(setts regiment. See: Sullivan, John, Proceed- 
ings of a court of inquiry 1775, Sept. 9. Sullivan, John to George Wash- 
ington 1775, Oct. 14. 

Doran, Thomas. Private, col. George ]Vu.'>liingto)i's cotujHtnn, Id ]'irginia regiment. 
See: Fort Duquesne, Pennsylvania, Major James Grant's reconnoissance, 
Return to George Washington 1758, Sept. 14. 

Dorrance, Bavid. Capt., 3d Connecticut regiment. See: Knox, Henry, Report of 
board of inspection 1783, June 10. 

Dosson, . Capt., British nariif See: Sargent, Winthrop to George Washing- 
ton 1776, March 14? 

Dother, John. Private, commander in chiefs guard. See: Washington, George, 
Return of the commander in chief's guard 1783, March 2. 

Dougherty, John. Lt.,eapt. John Lotrden's compang, 1st Continental infantry. See: 
Hand, p]d\vard, Return of officers 1776. 

Douglas, AVilliam. Col., Connecticut state regiment. See: Washington, George, 
Memorandum 1776. 

Douglass, James. See: Duglass. 

Douglass, Robert. See: Pearson, Simon, Deed of sale to George Washington 
1763, Feb. 14. Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Dover, John. Lt., capt. Allen McLa7ie's detachment, unattached f See: Clough, Alex- 
ander to George Washington 1778, June 18. 

Downing, Samuel. Private, Micajah Gleason's company, (ol. John Xi.ron^s Massa- 
cliusetts regiment. See: Sullivan, John to George Washington 1775, Oct. 14. 

Doyle, Thomas jr. Lt., 6th Pennsylvarmi regiment. Petition to George Washington. 
See: McClelan, John and other officers to George Washington 1778, Sept. 15. 

Drake, Abraham. <'ol., Neu) Hampshire miUlia. See: Washington, George, Memo- 
randum 1776. 

Drake, Sir Francis Samuel. Capt., British man-of-mtr "Russell." See: New York, Brit- 
ish Forces at, Information respecting, 1779, Dec. 

Drake, Samuel and Hardenbergh., Johannes. Col. and It. col., Xeuj York militia. 
Letter to George Washington 1776. Aug. 6. 

Drake, Uriah. Capt., Ulster county. New York, minide men. See: Nicoll, Isaac, 
Return to George Washington 1776, Apr. 2.3-2J. 

Draper, Jonathan. Private, col. William Bond's Continental regiment. See: Morgan, 
John to George Washington 1776, June 13. 

Drembach. See: Triimbach. 

Drew, Zebulon. Ensign, capt. Winhorn Adams's company, 2d New Ilampshire regi- 
ment. See: Sullivan, John to George Washington 1775, Nov. 29. 



'220 INDEX. 

Driscoll, Jeremiah. Private, commander in chief s guard. See: Washington, George, 
Return of the commander in chief's guard 1783, ilarch 2. 

Driskill, Jeremiah. See: Driscoll. 

Driver, Joseph. Prisojur, 33d infantry, British army. Examination 1777, April 16. 

Dromgool, Alexander. See: Mercer, George and others, Deed of sale to George 
Washington 1774, Dec. 12. 

Drumbach. Reg-iment. See: Triimbach. 

Drummond, James? Lord. Letter to Richard, Lord Howe 1776, Aug. 12. Sketch 
of propositions communicated to Richard, Lord Howe 1776, Aug. 12. Let- 
ter to George Washington 1776, Aug. 17, Aug. 19. 

Drury, Thomas. Capt., col. John Xixon's Massachusetts regiment. See: Sullivan, 
John to George Washington 1775, Oct. 14. 

-Duboys, Henry. Capt-lt., 5th Neir York regiment. See: New York. [State] Troops, 
Return of officers 1779, April? 

Duboys, Lewis. Col., 5th New York regiment. See: New York, [State] Troops, 
Return of officers 1779, April? 

Dudley, Jonathan. Private, capt. Philip TiUon's company, 2d New Hampshire reg- 
iment. See: Sullivan, John to George Washington 1775, Oct. 14. 

Duglass, James. Private, It. col. Adam Stephen^ s company, 1st Virginia regiment. 
See: Fort Duquesne, Pennsylvania, Major James Grant's reconnoissance. 
Return to George Washington 1758, Sept. 14. 

Duilva, Joseph. See: New York, British Forces at. Information resj)ecting, 1780, 
Aug. 1.3. 

Dulin, John. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Duling, Edward. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Duling-, Edward jr. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Dun, Livy. Loyalist. See: New York, British Forces at, Information respecting, 

1780, Aug. 12. 

Duncan, Charles. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Dung-an, Thomas. Ensign, 6th Pennsyhania regiment. Petition to George Washing- 
ton. See: McClellan, John and other officers to George \\'ashington 1778, 
Sejtt. 15. 

Dunket, . See: McDonit. 

Dunnington, . Letter to. See: Washington, George 1797, Jan. 15. See: 

\Vashington, George to Daniel of St. Thomas Jenifer 1797, 3Iay [June?] 7. 
Dunscomb, Edward. Capt-lt., 4th New York regiment. See: New York, [State] 

Troops, Return of officers 1779, April? 
Duplessis, de ^laduit. Lt. col., artillery. Continental army. See: Wigglesworth, 

Edward to George Washington 1778, June 10? 
Duportail, Louis Lebeque. Brig, gen., engineers. Continental army. See: Lee, Charles, 

Opinion of board of officers 1778, June 2. Maj. gen. and chief of engineers, 

Continental army. See: Washington, George to Count de Rochambeau 

1783, Nov. 1. 

Durgan, Josiah. Private, capt. Jonathan Wentworth's company, 2d New Hampshire 
regiment. See: Sullivan, John to George Washington 1775, Oct. 14. 

Durie, Thomas. Deputy commissary of prisoners. Return to George Washington 

1781, Oct. 2, Oct. 18, Oct. Tabulated return to George Washington 1781, 
Oct. 



INDEX. 221 

Durkee, John. Lt. col., 20tli Continental infantry. Address to George Washington- 
See: Parsons. Samuel Holden and others to George Washington 1776, 
Jan.- 29. 

Dutchess County, New York. See: New York, [Colony] l>iitchess county. 
D-wight, Elijah, ('apt., col. Benjamin Ruggles Woodbridge's Massachusetts regiment.. 

See: Woodbridge, Benjamin Ruggles to George Washington 1775, Deo. 22. 
Dyett, James. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
Earliart, John. Private, 10th. Pennsylvania regiment. See: Washington, George, 

Pardon 1780, May 26. 
£arp, James. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
Eaton, Benjamin. Private, commander in chief's guard. See: Washington, George, 

Return of the commander in chief's guard 1783, March 2. 
Eddy, Loved. Lt., col. Jonathan Brewer's artificer regiment. See: AVashington, 

George, A return of artificer regiment 1776, Aug. 4. 
Eden, Robert. Governor of Maryland. See: Boucher, Jonathan to (ieorge Wash- 
ington 1771? Nov? 
Edmonson, James. Member of Virginia. House of Burgesses. See: Virginia, [Colony] 

Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Edwards, E . I'liysician. See: Washington, George to Tobias Lear 1796, Dec. 14. 

Edwards, Evans. Major, 4th Pemisylvania, regiment. See: Washington, George, 

Uegimental orders 1781, Oct. 26. 
Edwards, Joseph. Private, It. col. Adam StepJien's cotnpuny, 1st Virginia regiment. 

See: Fort Duquesne, Pennsylvania, Major James Grant's reconnoissance. 

Return to George Washington 1758, Sept. 14. 
Edwards, Nathaniel jr. Member of Virginia House of Burgesses. See: \'irginia, 

[Colony] Articles of Association 1770, June 22. 

Edwards, Thomas. Lt. and judge-advocate of the Continental army. See: Washing- 
ton, George, Extracts from general orders 1783, Feb. 9. 

Edwards, Thomas. Private, capt. Thomas Bidlitt's company, 1st Virginia regimerd. 
See: Fort Ducjuesne, Pennsylvania, Major James Grant's reconnoissance,. 
Return to George Washington 1758, Sept. 14. 

Edwards, Timothy. Judge. Letter to. See: Washington, George 1776, \\\g. 7. 

Eg-g Harbor, New Jersey. Plan of attack on. See: Stirling, William Alexander,^ 
Lord to George Washington 1778? Oct? 

EUery, \V . See: Pearson, Simon, Deed of sale to George Washingtnu 1763,^ 

Feb. 14. 
Ellas, . Lt., Ma.%mchu.setls mililia. See: Jacobs, John, Return to \VilIiaii> 

Heath 1780, Aug. 12. 

EUet, Philip Lock. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
Elliot, . See: New Y^'ork City, Description of line of canal 1782. 

Ellis, Julius. Private, capt. Oliver Capron's company, col. Ephraim Doolitlle's Massa- 
cltusetts regiment. See: Sullivan, John to George Washington 1775, Oct. 14. 
Ellison, William. See: Pickering, Timothy to (ieorge Washington 1782, Oct. 15. 
Ellit, Jonathan. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Ellwood, . Captain of a coaster. See: Washington, George to Clement Bid- 
die 1799, Feb. 1, Feb. 18, April 21. 



222 INDEX. 

Ells-worth, Edward. Private, capt. Thomas Mighill's compamj, col. Samuel Gerrish's 
Massacltiisetfs regiment. Petition to George Washington. See: Sawyer, Eze- 
kiel and others to George Washington 1775, Oct. 9. 

Ellsworth., Oliver. Chief Justice of United States Supreme Court. Letter to. See: 
Washington, George 1797, March 8. 

Ellsworth, Thomas. Private, capA. Thomas MigliilVs company, col. Samuel Gerrish''s 
Massachusetts regiment. Petition to George Washington. See: Sawyer, Eze- 
kiel and others to George Washington 1775, Oct. 9. ■ 

Ellsworth, William. Private, capt. Thomas Mighill's compauy, col. Samuel GerrisKs 
Massachusetts regiment. Petition to George Washington. See: Sawyer, Eze- 
kiel and others to George Washington 1775, Oct. 9. 

Elmore, Samuel. Col., Connecticut state regiment. Letter to, See: Washington, 
George 1776, Aug. 7. 

Elphingston, George Keith. Capt., British man-of-war "Perseus". See: New 
York, British Forces at. Information respecting, 1779, Dec. 

'■'■'KraeralA.'''' British man-of-var at New York. See: Z to George Washington 1778, 
Pec. 16. 

Emerson, Benjan:iin. Private, capt. Thomas MighilVs company, col. Samuel Gerrish's 
Mas.mchusetts regiment. Petition to George Washington. See: Saw^yer, 
Ezekiel and others to George Washington 1775, Oct. 9. 

Emmerich, Andreas. Lt. col., Hessian troops in America. See: Trech, 

Examination 1778, Oct. 31? Lesley, Joseph, Examination 1778, Oct. 31. 
New York, British Forces at. Information respecting, 1782. 

Engle, Andrew. Ensign, 3d Pennsylvania regiment. Petition to George Washing- 
ton. See: McClelan, John and other officers to George Washington 1778, 
Sept. 18. 

English, Robert. Private and deserter from 17th liglit dragoons, British army. Exami- 
nation 1777, June 7. 

Ernest, John and others. Hessian deserters f rum Prince Charles's regiment. Exam- 
ination 1782, Nov. 30. 

Erskine, David Stewart, Earl of Buchan. See: Buchan. 

Erving, Jasper. Lt., 1st Continental infantry. See: Hand, Edward, Return of offi- 
cers 1776. 

Esdale, John. See: A'irginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Eskredg-e, Samuel. Member of Virginia House of Burgesses. See: Virginia, [Col- 
ony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

"Europa." British man-of-var at Xeiv York, rice admiral Marriof Arbuthnot, command- 
ing. See: New York, British Forces at. Information respecting, 1779, Dec. 
Amicus Reipublicae to George Washington 1780, June 24-28-30. New- 
York, British Forces at. Information respecting, 1780, July 18. 

Eustace, Hancock. Ensign, 1st Virginia regiment. See: Washington, George, List 
of officers submitted to Robert Dinwiddle 1755, Aug.-Sept? 

Eustis, William. Selectman of Boston. See: Massachusetts, [State] Boston, Select- 
men to George Washington 1789, Oct. 21. 

Evaleth, James. Private, capt. Addison Bicliardson' s company, col. JoJin Mansfield's 
Massachusetts regiment. See: Sullivan, John to George AVashington 1775, 
Oct. 14. 

Evans, Emanuel. Private, 3d Xeiv Jersey regiment. See: AVashington, George, 
Pardon 1780, May 26. 



INDEX. 223 

Evans, LouLs. Geographer. See: Washington, George, A summary of intelligence 

obtained from Edward Hand 1779, ]\Iay-Jnne? 
Evans, ( )liver. Inretdor. Letterto, See: Washington, (Jeorge 1798, Ai)ril S, A[)ril 

22, June 14. 
Eveleth. See Kvaleth. 
Everard, Thomas. MeiiiJn'r of Mrginia House of Bnrgei^ses. See: Virginia, [Colony] 

Artiele.>^ of association 1770, June 22. 
Evors, John. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
Ewen, . Britisli ojficer conniinndiug a hrigadc. See: T.ittel 1). to (ieorge Wash- 
ington 1780, July 21. 
Ewing', Thomas. Col., Sil MdrghuKl Ixittdlioii, Jh/ing aniijt. See: Washington, 

George, Memorandum 177(i. 
E'wing'. See also: Erving and Irwin. 
Eyre, IJenjamin. Major and aaperintctxlent, boat departmcid. Return to George 

Washington 1779, July 1. 
Eyre, Severn. Member of Virginia House of Burgesses. See: Virginia, [Colony] 

Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
Eyres, Benjamin. Capt., col. Join dlian Brewer's artificer regimeul. See: Washington. 

George, A return of artificer regiment 1776, Aug. 4. 
Fairfax, Bryan, Lord. Letterto, See: Washington, George 1794, Sept. 8; 1799, 

Jan." 20, Nov. 30. 
Fairfax, Mrs. Bryan. See: Washington, George to Bryan, Lord Fairfax 1799, 

Jan. 20. 
Fairfax County, \'irginia. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, 

June 22. See also: Virginia, [Colony] Fairfax County. 
Fairfax, Ferdinando. See: Washington, (ieorge to Bryan, Lord Fairfax 1799, 

Nov. 30. 
Fairfax, George William. Colonel. See: AVashington, ( ieorge to Buslirod Washing- 
ton 1794, Fel). 23. 
Fairfax, Sir William. Lt. col., county of Fairfax, Virginia. See: Carlyle, John to 

George Washington 1760, Jan. 8. 
Falmer, John. Private, 82d regiment British army. See: Lurie, Thomas, Return 

to George Washington 1781, Oct. 2. 
Falmouth, Massachusetts, [now Portland, Maine.] See: Massachusetts, [Maine] 

Falmouth. 

"Falmouth." Brilisli jirixou xJiip in North River. See: ^lersereau, .lolm to George 
Washington 1780. 

Fanning, Ednumd. Col. ^' King's American Regimoit" , Britisli provincial troops. See: 
Amicus Reipublicae to George Washington 1780, July 16-19. Culper, 
Sanuiel to John Bolton 1780, Aug. 16, Aug. 27, Sept. 1 and 5. 

Farewell, Lsaac. Ensign, 3d Connecticut regiment. See: Storrs, Experience to George 
Washington 1775, Oct. 30. 

Farg-ues, . French gentleman in New York. Letter to George Washington. 

See: D'Orillac, Le Chevalier and others to George Washington 1776, 
Aug. 6. 

Farle, Benoit de. See: Tarle. 

Farr, Joshua. Private, capt. Jomithan Whitcomb's conijxiny, .'id Neir JIamjtshire regi- 
ment. See: Sullivan, John to George Washington 1775, Oct. 14. 



224 INDEX. 

Farrul, Thomas. See: Reynell. 

Fay, Joseph. Letter to, See: Washington, George 1797, Feb. 19. 

Feild? Henry jr. See: Field. 

Fellows, John. Col., Massachusetts regiment. See: Thomas, John to George Wash- 
ington 1775, Oct. 23, Dec. 8. 

Felt, Samuel. Lt., 2d Connecticut regiment. Remonstrance to Joseph Spencer. 
See: Connecticut, [Colony] Troops, 2d regiment, Remonstrance of officers 
1775, July 26? 

Fendall, B . Physician. Letter to. See: Washington, George 1798, March 6. 

Fendall, Philip Richard. Letter to. See: Washington, George 1795. March 29. 

Fenton, John. Drummer, commander in chief's guard. See: Washington, George, 
Return of the commander in chief's guard 1783, March 2. 

Ferguson, Elizabeth. Letter to, See: W^ashington, George 1797, March 5. 

Ferguson, Patrick. Major, 3d battalion, 71st regiment, British army. See: New 
York, British Forces at, Information respecting, 1779, Dec. 

Ferrio, A . Lt., col. Moses Hazen's Canadian regiment. Certificate of mission of 

Jean Goulet and Pierre Cadieux 1780, Oct. 

Fibbs. See: Gibbs. 

Fich, Jabez. See: Fitch. 

Field, Henry jr. Member of Virginia House of Burgesses. See: Virginia, [Colony]: 
Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Field, John. Capt., col. Daniel Hitchcock's 2d Rhode Island regiment. See: Hitch- 
cock, Daniel to George Washington 1775, Oct? 

Field, ]\Ioses. Member of Springfield Committee of Correspondence. Letter to George- 
Washington. See: Massachusetts, [Colony] Springfield, Committee of Cor- 
respondence to George Washington 1775, Oct. 2. 

Field, Waitstill. Private, capt. .Jonathan Whitcomb' s company, Sd New Hampshire 
regiment. See: Sullivan, John to George Washington 1775, Oct. 14. 

Finch, John. Private, commander in chief's guard. See: Washington, George,, 
Return of the commander in chief's guard 1783, March 2. 

Fincke, Andrew. Capt., 1st New York regiment. See: New York, [State] Troops,. 
Return of officers 1779, April? 

Findley, Robert. Private, commander in chief's guard. See: Washington, George,. 
Return of the commander in chief's guard 1783, March 2. 

Finney, Edmund. See: Phinney. 

Fish, Nicholas. Major, 2d Neiv York regiment. See: New York, [State] Troops,. 
Return of officers 1779, April? Greaton, James, Report to George Wash- 
ington 1783, April 24. 

Fisher, George. Cook, commander in chiefs guard. See: Washington, George,. 
Return of the commander in chief's guard 1783, March 2. 

Fitch, Jabez. See: Brewster, Caleb to John Bolton 1780, Aug. 27. 

Fitch, John. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Fitzgerald, John. Lt. col. and aid de camp to Washington. Letter to John Sullivan 
1777, July. Letter to, See: Washington, George 1793, Aug. 11. 

Fitzhugh, George. Letter to, See: Washington, George 1796, Jan. 28. See:: 

Washington, George to George Ball 1797, Feb. 1. 
Fitzhugh, Henry. See: Misf-iss^ipi)i Company, Articles of association 1763, June 3.. 



* INDEX. 225 

Fitzhugli, William. See: Mississippi Company, Articles of association 1763, 
.Tmie 8. Washington, George to Burgess Ball 1798, July 21. Letter to. 
See: Washington, George 1798, May 30. 

FitzRandolph, . See: Mersereau, John to George Washington 1780, Sept. 11. 

Fleming, Gardner. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Flemister, Lewis. Private, commander in chief's guard. See: Washington, (Tcorge, 
Return of the commander in chief's guard 1783, March 2. 

Flemming, William., See: Washington, George, List of otficers submitted to Rob- 
ert Dinwiddle 1755, Aug. -Sept? 

Flood, Williuin. See: Mississippi Company, Articles of association 17(53, June 3. 

Flood, . See: Washington, George to William Angu.^tine Washington 1799, 

.Tune 10. 

Flo'wer, Benjamin. Col., artillery and artificer regiment. Return to George Wash- 
ington 1780, Jan., Feb. 22. 

Floyd, William. "Col." and lorjalist. Letter to, See: Cnlper, Samuel jr. 1780, 
Aug. 6. 

^^ Fly. '^ ScJiooner. See: Hughes, Hugh to George Washington 1776, May 3L Lit- 
tel D. to John Hendricks 1780, Oct. 24. 

Fontenilles, 3Iarquis de. Letter to George Washington 1784, Nov. 20. 

Foote, William H. Letter to. See: Washington, George 1799, June 7. 

Forbes, John. Brig. gen. commanding His Majesty's troops in tlie southern prorincts of 
North America. Order appointing George Washington president of a gen- 
eral court-martial 1758, Oct. 6. 

Ford, Phinehas. Capt., col. Jonathan Brnver' s artijicer regiment. See: Washington, 
(ieorge, A return of artificer regiment 1776, Aug. 4. 

Ford, . See: Reed & Ford. 

Forman, David. Col., New,Tersey militia. See: Washington, George, Memorandum 
1776. Brig, gen., Neiv .Jersey militia. See: Washington, George, Plan for 
the attack at Germantown 1777, Oct. 3. Letter to George Washington 
1778, March 28. 

Forman, Thomas Marsh. Capt., col. David Forman' s additional Cordinental regiment. 
See: Forman, David to George Washington 1778, March 28. 

Forrest, Thomas. Private, commander in chief's guard. See: Washington, (u'orge. 
Return of the commander in chief's guard 1783, March 2. 

Fort Constitution, Hudson River, New York. See: Nicoll, Isaac, Return to (ieorge 
Washington 1776, Apr. 23-29. Arms serd to. See: New York, [Colony] 
Dutchess County, Committee of Safety to commanding officer of Fort Con- 
stitution 1776, May 17. Goods shipped to. See: Hughes, Hugh to George 
Washington 1776, June 29. 

Fort Duquesne, Pennsylvania, Major James Grant's reconnoissanc-e. Return to 
George Washington of officers and men of 1st Virginia regiment killed 
1758, Sept. 14. See also: Washington, George, List of officers killed, 
wounded and missing 1758, Sept. 14. 

Fort George, New York. List of military stores 1775, June. See: Washington, 
( ieorge to Edward Hand 1780, Nov. 

Fort Knyphausen, New York Island. See: Washington, George to Kdwurd Hand 
1780, Nov. 

Fort Montgomery, Hudson River, New York. See: Nicoll, Isaac, Return to 
George Washington 1776, Apr. 23-29. Goods shipped to. See: Hughes, 
Hugh to George Washington 1776, June 29. 

19108—01 15 



226 INDEX. ■ 

Fort Tryon, New York Island. See: Washington, George to Edward Hand 1780, 
Nov. 

Foss, Nathan. Primte, rapt. Benjamin Titcomb\s company, 2d Neir Ilampshirr regi- 
ment. See: Sullivan, John to George Washington 1775, Oct. 14. 

Fossett, James. Private, capt. Robert Clugguge^ » company, 2d Pennsylvania rifle bat- 
talion. See: Thompson, William, Return of deserters 1775, Oct. 23. 

Foster, Edmund. Sergt., capt. Oliver Pond'' s company , col. Joseph Read' s Massachusetts 
regiment. See: Langdon, Samuel to George Washington 1775, Oct. 28. 

Foster, Gideon. Capt., col. John Mansfield's Massachusetts regiment. Petition to 
George Washington 1775, Sept. 11. 

Foster, Henry. Gunner, armed galley ^^ Lady Washington." See: Cook, Rol)ert, Pay- 
roll of officers 1776, Sept. 

Foster, Isaac. Surgeon and director of Jio.vpital. Certificate of illness of Caleb 
Stanley 1775, Nov. 12. Letter to John Morgan 1776, June 25, June 29. 

Foster, John. See: Ballendine, John, Memorandum to George Washington 1760 
Jan 23. 

Foster, Joseph. Sergt., capt. Elijah Divight's company, col. Benjamiyi Ruggles Wood- 
bridge's Massachusetts regiment. See: Woodbridge, Benjamin Ruggles to 
George Washington 1775, Dec. 22. 

Fosters & May. Merchants. Letter to. See: Washington, George 1798, May 7. 

Foutz, Adam. Cook, commander in chief's guard. See: Washington, George, Re- 
turn of the commander in chief's guard 1783, March 2. 

Fowler, Andrew. See: Virginia, [Colony] Council proceedings 1773, Nov. 4. 

Fowler, Daniel. Selectman (f Westfield, MassacJiusetts. Attestation to Peter Bundy's 
statements. See: Bundy, Peter, Petition to George Washington 1775, 
Oct. 13. 

Fowler, Tlieodosius. Capt. , 4th Netv York regiment. See: New York, [State] Troops, 
Return of officers 1779, April? 

Fox, John. See: Virginia, [Colony] Council proceedings 1773, Nov. 4. 

Fox, . Captain. See: Gassaway, Henry, Account with Jonathan Boucher 

1771, Dec. 18. 

Francis, (ireorge. Lt., capd. William Hendrick's compxiny, is< Continental infantry. 
See: Hand, Edward, Return of officers 1776. 

Francis, . See: Willing & Francis. 

Franklin, Benjamin. I^resident, Pennsylvania Committee of Safety. See: Pennsylva- 
nia, [Province] Committee of Safety to George Washington 1775, Aug. 17. 
Member of conference committee at Cambridge. Letter to. See: Reed, Joseph 
1775, Sept. 25. See: Washington, George to Christopher French 1775, 
Oct. 19. United States comtnissioner at the court of France. See: Rocatelle, 
Floberque de la to George Washington 1777, Aug. 5. 

Frazer, John Gizzard. Majar, Continental army, unattached. See: Haynes, Aaron 
and others to George Washington 1776, April 1. Whitcomb, Asa, List of 
officers 1776, April 1. Major and asst. quartermaster gen., Continental army. 
Inventory of ordnance at Boston 1776, April 14. Major, 6th Continental 
infantry. Letter to, See: Harrison, Robert Hanson 1776, April 25. 

Frazier, George. Ensign, 1st Virginia regiment. See: Washington, George, List of 
officers submitted to Robert Dinwiddle 1755, Aug.-Sept? 

Frazier, John Gizzard. See: Frazer. 

Frazier, Joshua. Accounts against Jonathan Boucher and John Parke Custis 1770, 
June 10, July 10. 



INDEX. 227 

Freeman, Samuel. Member of Massachusetts General Court. Letter to, See: INIoy- 

lan, Stephen 1775, Nov. 24. 
Frelinghausen, Frederick. See: Frelinghuysen. 
Freling-huysen, Frederick. Col., Ixt hattaUon, Somerset county, New Jersey, militia. 

See: Washiiiirton, George, Memorandum of New Jersey militia 1780, June. 
French, Abner. Capt., 2d New York regiment. See: New York, [State] Troops, 

Return of officers 1779, April? 
French, Christopher. Major, British army. See: Washington," George to Philadel- 
phia Committee of Safety 1775, Aug. 24. Letter to, See: Washington, 

George 1775, Aug. 31. See: Reed, Joseph to Thomas Seymour 1775, Aug. 

31. Reed, Joseph to Thomas Wharton 1775, Aug. 31, Sept. 3. Letter to, 

See: Reed, Joseph 1775, Sept. 3, Sept. 19. Washington, George 1775, 

Sept. 26, Oct. 19, Oct. 25. Moylan, Stephen 1776, Feb. 10. Washington, 

George 1776, Aug. 7, Aug. 8. 
Frestel, Felix. Tutor to George Washington Lafayette. See: Washington, George to 

George Washington Lafayette 1798, Dec. 25. 
Frost, William. Commissaryf, Continental army. See: Continental army, Cattle 

for, 1777, Dec? 
Fry, Joshua, estate of. See: Virginia, [Colony] Council proceedings 1773, Nov. 4. 
Frye, James. Col., Massachusetts regiment. See: Kittredge, Thomas, Certificate of 

disability 1775, Oct. 23. 
Fuller, Nathan. Capt., col. Thomas Gardner's Massachusetts regiment. See: Langdon, 

Samuel to George Washington 1775, Sept. 18. 
Fuller, Thomas. Private, capt. Philip Tilton's company, 2d New Hampshire regiment. 

See: Sullivan, John to George Washington 1775, Oct. 14. 
Fuller, Thomas. Private, 7th regiment, British army. See: Durie, Thomas, Return 

to George Washington 1781, Oct. 18. 
Fullerton, Richard. Ensign, 3d Pennsylvania regiment. Petition to George Wash- 
ington. See: McClelan, John and other officers to George Washington 

1778, Sept. 15. 
Fulton, Robert. Inventor. Letter to. See: Washington, George 1796, Dec. 14. 

See: Washington, George to Tobias Lear 1796, Dec. 14; 1797, Jan. 13. 
Furguson, Patrick. See: Ferguson. 
Fustner, George. Loyalist. See: Littel D. to John Hendricks 1780, Oct. 24, Oct. 

28, Oct. -Nov. 
Fyan, William. Private, capt. JoJni WesVs company, 1st ]'irginia regiment. See: 

West, John jr.. Return of new recruits 1754. 
Gage, John. Private, capt. Thornas MighilVs company, col. Samuel Gerrish's Ma.'isa- 

cJiusetts regiment. Petition to George Washington. See: Sawyer, Ezekiel 

and others to George Washington 1775, Oct. 9. 
Gage, Thomas. Brig. gen. and commander in chief, Britisli army in America. See: 

Reed, Joseph to James Warren 1775, Aug. 14. Massachusetts, [Colony] 

General Court to George Washington 1 775. 
Gaile, P^li. Capt., col. Jonathan Brewer's artificer regiment. See: Washington, (xeorge, 

A return of artificer regiment 1776, Aug. 4. 
'"Galatea." British man-of-war. See: Mersereau, John to George Washington 

1780, May 20. Amicus Reipublicae to George Washington 1780, June 28- 

30. Littel D. to George Washington 1780, July 22, Sept. 7. 
Gale, Daniel. Private, capt. Jeremiah Clough's company, 2d Nevj Hampshire regiment. 

See: Sullivan, John to George Washington 1775, Oct. 14. 



228 INDEX. 

Galloway, Joseph. '' Super hitcudent of PliiladdpMa.'" See: Lee, Charles to George 

Washington 1778, June 2. 
"Galtelear." See: "Galatea." 
Galphin, George. Commissioner to the Cherokee Indians. See: Howe, Robert to 

George Washington 1777, Nov. 3. 
Gansevoort, Peter. Col., 3d New York regiment. See: New York, [State] Troops, 

Return of officers 1779, April? 
Gardner, Thomas. Col., Massachusetts regimerd. See: Langdon, Samuel to George 

Washington 1775, Sept. 18. 
"Garland." British guard ship. See: Mullen, Daniel and others. Examination 

1782, Nov. 25. 

Garrett, Nicholas. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Garrett, Walter. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Garritt, Henry. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Gassaway, Henry. See: Jacques, Lancelot, Account against John Parke Custis 
1771, Dec. 16, Dec. 18. Account against Jonathan Boucher 1771, Dec. 18. 

Gates, Benjamin. Lt., capt. John Black's company, col. Jonathan Breiver's Massachu- 
setts regiment. Petition to Gen. George Washington 1775, Oct. 31. 

Gates, Horatio. Brig, and adj. gen., Continental army. Letter to James Warren 
1775, July 21. Table of rations allowed staff officers 1775, July? Let- 
ter to Capt. E. H. Stanhope 1776, Jan. 24. Letter to John Knight 1776, 
Jan. 24. Report to George Washington 1776, March 12. Maj. gen.. Conti- 
nental army. See: Washington, George, Extracts from general orders 

1783, Feb. 9. Letter to. See: Walker, Benjamin 1783, Feb. 16. Report 
of board of general officers 1783, Feb. 16. 

Gates, Samuel. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Gay, Fisher. Col., Connecticut state regiment. See: Washington, George, Memoran- 
dum 1776. 

Gayton, G . Capt., British inaii-of- war ^' Romulus." See: New York, British 

Forces at. Information respecting, 1779, Dec. 

Geary, Francis. Admiral, British navy. See: Amicus Reipublicae to George Wash- 
ington 1780, July 19. 

Gedney, . See: Pickering, Timothy to George Washington 1782, Oct. 15. 

George, Sidney. See: Washington, George to William Herbert 1794, March 10. 
Washington, George to William Tilghman 1794, March 31. Washington, 
George to Bushrod Washington 1796, March 9. 

"George Barclay." East Indiaman. See: Washington, George to Clement Biddle 
1799, April 21. 

Georgia, [State] Savannah, Citizens, Proceedings of meeting 1795, July 25. Letter 
to George Washington 1795, Aug. 1. 

Germantown, Pennsylvania, Battle of. See: Washington, George, Plan for the 
attack at Germantown 1777, Oct. 3. 

German Troops in America, List iorwarded to George Washington 1780-1. 

Gerry, Elbridge. Envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary of United States to 
France. See: Washington, George to James Lloyd 1799, Feb. 11. 

Gibbs, Caleb. Major, commander in chiefs guard. See: Washington, George, General 
orders 1778, June 11. Signature 1778, Oct. 28. Report to William Heath 
and Benjamin Tupper 1781, July 30. See: Washington, George, Memo- 
randum 1780, June. Letter to. See: Washington, George 1797, March 6. 



INDEX. 229 

Gibbs, Samuel. IJ., Intnlhl reii'nnent. See: Knox, Henry, Report of l)oard of in- 
spection 1783, June 10. 

Gilbert, John. Merchant of Neu: York. See: New York City, Committee of Safety 
to George Washington 177o. 

Gilchrist, John. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Gill, John. Letter to, See: Washington, George 1795, April 1, July lo. 

Gill, Moses. Member of Committee of Supplies. Estimate sent to George Wasliington. 
See: ]\Iassachusetts, [Colony] Committee of Supplies to George Washington 
1775. 

Gillen, Thomas. Private, commander in chief's guard. See: Washington, George, 
Return of the commander in chief's guard 1783, jNIarch 2. 

Gilman, Israel. Lt. col., Sd Neio Hampshire recjiment. Endorsement (jf petition. 
See: March, John, Petition to George Washington 1775, Oct. 10. 

Gilmour, Robert. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Gilpin, George. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Gilpin, George. Colonel. Letter to, See: Washington, George 1795, March 29. 
See: Washington, George to William Thornton 1799, June 16. 

Gimat, de . Lt. col. and aid de camp to maj. gen. Lafayette. See: Hand, 

Edward, Return to George Washington 1781, Oct. 

Ginkins, Thomas. See: Jinkins. 

Gist, Christopher. Scout. See: Washington, George, List of officers sulimitted to 
Robert Dinwiddle 1755, Aug. -Sept? 

Gist, John. Capt., col. Nathaniel Gisfs additional CoiUinental regiment. See: Gist, 
Nathaniel, Return 1778, Jan. 9. 

Gist, Nathaniel. Col., additional Continental regiment of rangers. Return to George 
Washington 1778, Jan. 9. Brig, gen., Continental army. See: Scammel, 
Alexancler to George Washington 1779, Aug. 28. 

Gist, Thomas. Ensign, capt. Robert Steimrt's company, 1st Virginia regiment. See: 
Fort Duquesne, Pennsylvania, Major James Grant's reconnoissance. Return 
to George Washington 1758, Sept. 14. Washington, George, List of offi- 
cers killed etc. at Fort Duquesne, Pennsylvania, on !Major James Grant'srecon- 
noissance 1758, Sept. 14. 

Glass, John. Deserter and- corporal, 40t}i regiment, British army. See: Mullen, Daniel 
and others. Examination 1782, Nov. 25. 

Glassell, John. See: Mercer, George and others, Deed of sale to George Washing- 
ton 1774, Dec. 12. 

Gleason, Micajah. Capt., col. .lolin Ni-von's Massachusettx regiment. See: Sullivan, 
John to George Washington 1775, Oct. 14. 

Gloucester, ^lassachusetts. See: Massachusetts, [Colony] Salem and tjloucester. 

Glover, John. Col., MassacJni.'^etts regiment. Letter to. See: Reed, Joseph 1775, 
Oct. 4, Oct. 12, Oct. 19. Col. and agent for armed vessels. Letter to. See: 
IMoylan, Stephen 1775, Dec. 8, Dec. 26. Col., 14th Continental infantry. 
See: Washington, George, Memorandum 1776, Brig, gen., Continental 
army. See: Sullivan, John to George Washington 1777, Dec. 10. Picker- 
ing, Timothy to George Washington 1778, Jan. 10. Scammel, Alexander, 
Return to George Washington 1779, Aug. 28. See also: Bartlett, William 
and Glover, John. 



230 INDEX. 

Glover, John. Col., Massachusetts regiment, and Moylan, Stephen. Muster-master 
general, Continental army. Letter to, See: Reed, Joseph 1775, Oct. 11. 
Washington, George 1775, Oct. 16. Reed, Joseph 1775, Oct. 20, Oct. 25, 
Oct. 30. 

Glover, Jonathan. Captf of Continental armed vessel. Letter to, See: Harrison, 
Robert Hanson 1775, Nov. 9. Moylan, Stephen 1775, Xov. 9, Nov. 11, 
Nov. 27, Dec. 19. Washington, George 1776, Jan. 3. Capt., Continental 
armyf See: Brewster, Caleb to Benjamin Tallnaadge 1780, Aug. 27. 

Glover, Jonathan and Bartlett, William. Agents for Continental armed vessels. 
Letter to, See: Moylan, Stephen 1775, Dec. 4. 

Godwin, Henry. Capt., 3th New York regiment. See: New York, [State] Troops, 
Return of officers 1779, April? 

Goldthwait, Hannah. See: Washington, George to General Court of Massachu- 
setts 1775, Aug. 5. 

Gollatt, Peter. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Gooding, William. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Goodrich, Stephen. Lt., 2d Connecticut regiment. Remonstrance tn Joseph Spencer, 
See: Connecticut, [Colony] Troops, 2d regiment, Remonstrance of officers 
1775, July 26? 

Goodritch, Jared. Fifer, commander in chiefs guard. See: Wasliington, George, 
Return of the commander in chief's guard 1783, March 2. 

Goodwin, Abram. Lt., armed galley "LadyWasJiington." See: Cook, Robert, Pay- 
roll of officers 1776, Sept. 

Goodwin, Samuel. Letter to. See: Moylan, Stephen 1775, Nov. 4. 

Goold, Benjamin. Soldier in late Continental army. Petition to George Washington. 
See: Jennings, Daniel and others to George Washington 1789, Oct. 18. 

Gordon, Sir Charles. Member of British Parliament. See: Culper, Samuel to John 
Bolton 1780, March 13. 

Gordon, George. See: AVashirigton, George, List of officers submitted to Robert 
Dinwiddle 1755, Aug. -Sept? 

Gore, Christopher. Attorney for 1st judicial district of Massachusetts. See: Chapel 
Church, Boston, Vote of Wardens 1789, Oct. 18. Massachusetts, [State] 
Boston, Vote of Committee on reception of the President 1789, Oct. 

Goslin, Clement. See: Gosselin. 

Gosselin, Clement. Capt., col. Moses Hazen's Canadian regiment. See: Bay ley, 
Jacob to George AVashington 1780, Sept. 7. Cadieux, Pierre to ]Marquis 
de Lafayette 1781, Jan. 17. Certificate of Pierre Cayeus [Cadieux's] serv- 
ices 1781, Jan. 18. See: Goulet, Jean to George AVashington 1781, Jan. 
Report to George AA'ashington 1781, Jan? Letter to Jacob Bay ley 1781, 
May 2. Capt., 2d Canadian regiment. See: Hand, Edward, Return to- 
George AA'ashington 1781, Oct. 

Gough, Henry D. See: AVashington, George to Gustavus Scott 1797, June 19. 

Goulet, Jean. Lt., col. Moses Hazen's Canadian regiment. Instructions to. See: 
Bay ley, Jacob 1779, Oct. 19. Certificate of service. See: Bayley, Jacob 
1780, Sept? Account of expenses 1780, Oct. 29. Certificate of service. 

See: Ferrio, A 1780, Oct. Boileau, Amable 1780, Oct? Petition 

to George AA'ashington 1781, Jan. 

Gouvion, Jean Baptiste Obrey de. Lt. col., engineers, Continental army. A return 
of preparations for operations against New York 1780, May 30. 

Govan, Archibald. See: A'irginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22.. 



INDEX. 231 

Graham, Charles. Capi., 2d New York rcfjimeni. See: New York, [State] Troops, 

Return of otficers 1779, April? 
Graham, J(jhn. Major, Ixt Xrw York regimeiil. See: New York, [State] Troops, 

Return of ottifers 1779, April? See: Clinton, James to George Washington 

1779, June 14. 

Graham, Morris. O//., Neiv York levieif. See: Washington, George, Menioranduni 
1776. 

Cranberry, Josiah. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Grant, Alexander. Ensign, 6-^d regiment, British army. See: Washington, George, 
List of otiicers killed etc. at Fort Duquesne, Pennsylvania, on Major James 
Grant's reconnoissance 1758, Sept. 14. 

Grant, Francis. Coh, 63d regiment, British arm;/. See: Mitclifll, WiUiani, Exami- 
nation 1777, Jan? 

Grant, James. Major, G2d regiment, British army. See: Washington, George. List 
of officers killed etc. at Fort Duquesne, Pennsylvania, on Major James 
Grant's reconnoissance 1758, Sept. 14. 

Grant, James. Maj. gen., Britis}i(irnu/. See: Z to George Washington 1778, Dec. 16. 

Grant, Joshua. Priralr, capt. Benjamin Titcomb's company, 2d New Ham})xli ire regi- 
ment. See: Sullivan, John to George Washington 1775, Oct. 14. 

Grasse-Tilly, Francois Josej>h Paul, Count de. Lt. gen., eommanding French Jteet 
in America. See: Washington, George to Count de Rochambeau 1782. 
Feb. 23. 

Graves, Thomas, Lord. Bear admiral, BritisJi navy. See: Mersereau, John to 
George Washington 1 780, May 20. Amicus Reipublicae to George Washing- 
ton 1780, June 28-30, July 16-19. New York, British Forces at. Informa- 
tion respecting, 1780, July 18. Amicus Reipublicae to George Washington 

1780, July 19. Littel D. to George Washington 1780, July 23. New York. 
British Forces at, Information respecting, 1781, July 3-7. S. G. to Richard 
Muirson 1781, July 8. Yorktown, Virginia, British Forces at, Information 
respecting, 1781, Oct. 4. New York, British Forces at. Information respect- 
ing, 1782, Feb. 6. 

Gray, Edwin. Member of Virginia House of Burgesses. See: Virginia, [Colony] Arti- 
cles of association 1770, June 22. 

Gray, James. Private, 82d regiment, British army. See: Durie, Tlu;)mas, Kcturn to 
George Washington 1781, Oct. 2. 

Grayir, Hugh. Deserter. See: Heard, John, Return to George Wasiiingtoii 1778, 
June 18. 

Grayson, Benjamin. See: Pearson, Simon, Deed of sale to George Washington 
1763, Feb. 14. 

Great Britain. Treaty of Amity, Commerce and Navigation. See: Georgia, [State] 
Savannah, Citizens, Proceedings of meeting 1795, July 25. See also: 
Georgia, [State] Savannah, Citizens, Letter to George Washington 1795, 
Aug. 1. 

Greaton, James. Brig, gen., Continental army. Report to George Washington 1783, 
April 24. See: Washington, George, Proclamation 1783, ^lay 3. Heath, 
William to George Washington 1783, June 24. 

Greaton, John. Col., Massachusetts regiment. See: Heath, ^Villianl to George Wash- 
ington 1775, Nov. 25. 

Gregg, James. CapL, .3d Ne%v York regiment. See: New York. [State] Trooi)s, 
Return of officers 1779, April ? 

Green, Shadrach?. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 



232 INDEX. 

Greene, John. Col., 10th Virginia regiment. See: Wigglesworth, Edward to George 
"Washington 1778, June 10. 

Greene, Xathanael. Brig, gen., Continentat (irmy. See: Washington, George to 
Nicholas Cooke 1775, July 18. A return of "spheers" 1776, March 2. 
See: Washington, George to Nicholas Cooke 1776, April 1. Maj. gen., Con- 
tinental army. List of the principal Tories on Long Island 1776, Aug. 11. 
Plan of attack on Brunswick 1777, April. See: Washington, George, Plan 
for attack at Germantown 1777, Oct. 3. Washington, George to William 
Woodford 1779, Nov. 25. Letter to, See: Washington, George 1780, 
Jan. 27. See: South Carolina, [State] British Forces in, 1781, Aug. 10. Lee, 
Henry to George Washington 1782, April 22. Washington, George to 
Count de Rochambeau 1782, April 23. 

GreenhillP John. See: Greenhow? 

Greenhow? John. Member of Virginia Hou.^e of Burgesses. See: Virginia, [Colony] 
Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Greenleaf, James. See: Washington, George to Tobias Lear 1795, March 4. 

Greer, Henry. Lt., capt. Isaac Corerts company, col. Benjamin Floiver's artillery and 
artificer regiment. See: Flower, Benjamin, Return to George Washington 
1780, Feb. 22. 

Greer, James. See: Grier. 

Gregory, George. Letter to, See: Moylan, Stephen 1776, Feb. 9. 

Gridley, Richard. Col., Ma.^sacltusetts artillery regiment. Endorsement of petition. 
See: Dodge, William, Petition to George Washington 1775. Col. and chief 
engineer, Continental artny. Letter to, See: Harrison, Robert Hanson 1776, 
April 20. 

Grier, James. CapA., 1st Continental infantry. See: Hand, Edward, Return of offi- 
cers 1776. 

Griffith, Charles Greenberry. Col., 1st Maryland battalion, flying cam]). See: Wash- 
ington, George, Memorandum 1776. 

Grimes, Edward. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Grimes, William. Corjjoral, Prince Hereditary regiment, Hessian troopis. See: Durie, 
Thomas, Return to George Washington 1781, Oct. 18. 

Grimett, Robert. Overseer, Jolin Ballendine's iron foundry. Deposition 1760, Jan. 
23. See: Ballendine, John to George Washington 1760, Jan. 24, Nov. 18. 

Grinway, John. Private, col. George Washiyigton's company, 1st Virginia regiment. 
See: Fort Duquesne, Pennsylvania, Major James Grant's reconnoissance, 
Return to George Washington 1758, Sept. 14. 

Groee, William. Private, capt. William Hutcliins's company, 3d Neiv Hampshire regi- 
ment. See: Sullivan, John to George Washington 1775, Oct. 14. 

Groning-er, Adam. See: Richard, Henry, Deposition 1782, July 7. 

Groves, . See: Washington, George to Nicholas Cooke 1775, July 26. 

"Guadaloupe." British man of vxir, Capt. H Robinson. See: Yorktown, A'ir- 
ginia, British Forces at. Information respecting, 1781, Oct 4. 

Guadiere, Pierre. See Cadieux. 

Guard of the Commander in Chief. Return of. See: Washington, George, Return 

of commander in chief's guard 1783, March 2. 
Gullat, John. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
Gunnell, Henry. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
Gunnell, John. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 



INDEX. 233 

Gunnell, Thoiras. See: Virginia, [Colonj-] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
Gunnell, William. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
Gunnell, AVilliani "sone of William." See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of associa- 
tion 1770, June 22. 

Gwinn, John. See: Washington, George to John Francis Mercer 1794, ilarch 10. 

G d, . <''ii>t., British army? Letter to, See: Hatfield, Cornelius 1781, 

Jan. 13. 

Heard, James. Li., ice'.s Continental dragoons. See: Lee, Henry to George Wash- 
ington 1782, April 22. 

Habersham, James. See: Georgia, [State] Savannah, Citizens, Proceedings of meet- 
ing 1795, July 25. 

Hackenberg, Friedrich, Baron von. Col., Crown Prince regiment, Hessian troops. 
See: German Troops in America, List forwarded to George Washington 
1780-1. 

Halbert, Richard. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
Halburt, Aaron. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
Haldiman, Francis. Lt. gen. and commander in chief of British forces about Quebec. 

See: Gosselin, Clement to George Washington 1781, Jan. 
Haldman, Francis. See: Haldiman. 

Hall, John. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
Hall, Jonathan. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
Hall, Josias Carvil. Col., 2d Maryland battalion, flying camji. See: Washington, 

George, Memorandum 1776. 
Hall, Powell. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
Hall, Talmadge. Lt., Invalid regiment. See: Knox, Henry, Report of lioanl of 

inspection 1783, June 10. 
Hall, William. Lt., col. David Forman's additional Continental regiment. See: For- 

man, David to George Washington 1778, March 28. 
Haller, Henry. Ensign, capt. Joseph Shippen's company, 2d battalion, Pennsylvania 

provincial troops. See: Washington, George, List of officers killed etc. at 

Fort Duquesne, Pennsylvania, on Major James Grant's reconnoi.ssance 

1758, Sept. 14. 

Haller, Henry. Col., battalion of 1st Maryland regiment, flying cnnip. See: Wash- 
ington, George, Memorandum 1776. 

Hallet, Jonathan. Capt., 2d New York regiment. See: New York, [State] Troops, 
Return of officers 1779, April? 

Halley, Benoni. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
Halley, Samuel. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
Hallomon, William. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
Hambleton, James. See: Hamilton. 
Hambleton, William. Deserter from 4th regiment, British army. See: Heard, John, 

Return to George Washington 1778, June 18. 
Hamilton, Alexander. Lt. col. and aid de camp to Washington. Letters written by 

Hamilton under Washington's authority will Ije found in the first division 

of this calendar in chronological arrangement. 

Hamilton, Alexander. Lt. col. and secretary to Washington. See: Fitzgerald, John 
to John Sullivan 1777, July? IJ. col. and 2i'>'incipal aid de camp to Wash- 
ington. Signature 1778, Oct. 28. See: Washington, George, Intelligence 
from deserters 1778. 



23-i INDEX. 

Hamilton, James. Lt., 1st Continental infantry. See: Hand, Edward, Return of 

officers 1776. Major, 2d Pennsylvania regiment. See: Washington, George, 

Regimental orders 1781, Oct. 25. 
Hamilton, John. Private, capt. John WesVs company, 1st Virginia regiment. See: 

West, John jr., Return of new recruits 1754. 
Hamilton, Sir Robert. Lt. gen., British army. See: South Carolina, [State] British 

Forces in, 1781, Aug. 10. 
Hamilton, Robert. Lt., 82d regiment British army. See: Durie, Tliomas, Return 

to George Washington 1781, Oct. 2. 
Hamilton, WiUiam. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Hamilton, . See: Washington, George to William B. Harrison 1799, 

April 10. 
Hamlin, Seth. Commissary f , ContinenUd army. See: Continental army, Cattle for, 

1777, Dec? 
Hammon, Jarviss. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Hammond, Sir Andrew. Capt., British man of tear '^Roebuck." See: New York, 
British Forces at, Information resj^ecting, 1779, Dec. 

Hammond, David. Lt., capt. James Parr's company, 1st Pennsylvania regiment. 
Petition to George Washington. See: McClelan, John and other officers to 
George Washington 1778, Sept. 15. 

Hamtramck, John Francis. Capt., 5th Xew York regiment. See: New York, [State] 
Troops, Return of officers 1779, Aj)ril? 

Hancock, Elihu. Private, commander in chief's guard. See: Washington, George, 
Return of the commander in chief's guard 1783, March 2. 

Hancock, John. President of Continental Congress. Letter to. See: Washington, 
George 1775, Nov. 30. Delegate to Continental Congress. See: Howe, Robert 
to George Washington 1777, Nov. 2. Governor of Massachusetts. See: Wash- 
ington, George to Count de Rochambeau 1782. Aug. 11. 

Hand, Edward. CoL, 1st Continental infantry. Recruiting instructions to. See: 
Washington, George 1776, Oct. 11? See: Washington, George, Memoran- 
dum 1776. Return of officers of Pennsylvania battalion 1776. See: 
Washington, George, A summary of intelligence obtained from Edward 
Hand 1779, May-June? Answers to nineteen questions propounded 
by George Washington 1779, May-June? See: Washington, George, 
Return of troops 1779, Aug? Scammell, Alexander, Return to George 
Washington 1780, June 20. Brig, and adj. gen., Continental army. Return 
to George Washington 1781, Oct. 19. A tabulated return to George Wash- 
ington 1781, Oct. 19? Walker, Benjamin to Horatio Gates 1783, Feb. 16. 
Return to George Washington 1781 Oct. See: Heath, William to George 
Washington 1783, June 24. Report to George Washington. See: Steuben, 
Frederick Wilham; Knox, Henry; Hand, Edward and Pickering, Tim- 
othy to George Washington 1783, June 25. 

Hand, . ('ajit. of a coaster. See: Washington, George to Clement Biddle 

1799, April 21, April 28. 

Hanley, James. Priixde, 4th Xew York regiment. See: AVashington, George, Par- 
don 1780, May 26. 

Hansbury, Frederick. Deserter from odtJi infantry, British army. Examination 1777, 
June 6. 

Hanxleden von, . Col., Waldecker regiment, Hessian troops. See: German 

Troops in America, List forwarded to George Washington 1780-1. 



INDEX. 235 

"Happy Returns." Prizi'. See: Moylan, Stei)hen to William Watt^ou 1776, 
March 11. 

Hardenbergh, Abraham. Ll., Id New York regiiiwui. See: Scudder, William to 
George Washington 1779, June 13. 

Hardenbergh, Johannes. Lt. col., New York militia. Letter to (ieorge Washing- 
ton. See: Drake, Samuel and Hardenbergh, Johannes to George Wash- 
ington 1776, Aug. 6. 

Hardy, Sir Charles. Late admiral, British navy. See: Amicus Ueipublicae to ( ieorge 
Washington 1780, July 19. 

Harmany, Jacob. Drserttr from Royal Highland Emiyranls. l<',xaiiiiuatioii 1778, 
Xov. 25. 

Harmer, Josiah. Lt. col., .id. Pennsylvania regiment. See: W'ashingtou, George, 
Regimental orders 1781, Oct. 26. 

Harmon, Edward. Private, capt. Walter Stewart's company, 1st Virginia reginnmt. 
See: Fort Duquesne, Pennsylvania, Major James Grant's reconnoissance, 
Return to George Washington 1758, Sept. 14. 

Harney, Selby. Lt. col ., 2d North Carolina regiment. Letter to George Washington. 
See: Clark, Thomas and others to George Washington 1778, June 12. 

Harper, James. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Harper, . See: Washington, George to Tobias Lear 1796, March 13. 

Harris, David. Capt., 1st Continental infantry. See: Hand, Edward, Return of 

officers 1776. 

Harris, Joseph. Ensign, capt. James WiUiamj<'s company, 11th. Continen/al infantry. 
Petition to George Washington 1775, Sept. 28. 

Harris, . Surgeon, 62d regiment, British army. See: Washington, (Teorge, 

List of officers killed etc. at Fort Duquesne, Pennsylvania, on ^lajor 
James Grant's reconnoissance 1758, Sept. 14. 

Harrison, Benjamin. Member of Virginia House of Biirgesses. See: Virginia, [Col- 
ony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Harrison, Benjamin; Randolph, Peyton and Bland, Richard. Delegates front Vir- 
ginia to 1st Continental Congress. Authorization to George Washington 1774, 
Oct. 24. 

Harrison, Benjamin jr. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, 
June 22. 

Harrison, Carter. See: Washington, George, List of oliiccrs submitted to Rol^ert 
Dinwiddle 1755, Aug.-Sept? 

Harrison, Charles. Col., 1st Continental artillery. See: Washington, (ieorge. Gen- 
eral orders 1778, June 11. 

Harrison, John. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Harrison, John. (2d) See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Harrison, John. (Japt. , It. col. Alexander Lnnes's South Carolina loyalist reginmit. See: 
South Carolina, [State] British Troops in, 1781, Aug. 10. 

Harrison, Richard. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Harrison, Richard. Deserter from 37 th infantry, Britisit anni/. J^xamination 1777, 
June 7. 

Harrison, Robert Hanson. Lt. col. and aid de camp to Washington. Letters written 
V)y Harrison under Washington's authority will be found in the first 
division of this calendar in chronological arrangement. 



236 INDEX. 

Harrison, Eobert Hanson. Lt. col. and aid de camp to Washington. Copy of 
"Queries" to l)e made by a Committee of Continental Congress 1776, Sept. 
20-27. Signature. See: Washington, George, Certificate as to color of cloth 
1778, Oct. 28. Washington, George, Certificate as to method 1778, Oct. 28. 
Report to George Washington. See: New York, [State] Troops, Return of 
officers 1779, April? Memorandum of Goose Van Schaick's reply to George 
Washington. See: Copp, John, Letter to George Washington 1779, I\Iay 16. 
Memorandum. See: Scudder, William, Letter to George Washington 1779, 
June 13. Copy of resolves of Continental Congress 1780, March 21? May 19. 

Harrison, William. Major, col. David Forman''s additional Continental regiment. 
See: Forman, David to George Washington 1778, March 28. 

Harrison, William B. Major. Letter to, See: Washington, George 1798, Nov. 4. 
See: Washington, George to Henry Lee 1798, Nov. 4. Washington, George 
to Robert Lewis 1799, Jan. 23. Letter to, See: Washington, George 1799, 
Feb. 6, April 10, May 16. 

Harrison, . Ensign, Maryland provincial troops. See: Washington, George, 

List of officers killed etc. at Fort Duquesne, Pennsylvania, on Major James 
Grant's reconnoissance 1758, Sept. 14. 

Hart, John, of Lancaster, Pennsylvania. See: Hand, Edward, Answers to nineteen 
questions propounded by George Washington 1 779, May-June? 

Hart, Joseph. Col., Berks county, Pennsylvania, militia. List of names of associators 
sent to George Washington 1776, Dec. 29. 

Hartley, Thomas. Col., additional Continental regiment. See: Washington, George, 
A summary of intelligence obtained from Edward Hand 1779, May-June? 

Harvard College. See: Langdon, Samuel to George Washington 1775, Sept. 18, 
Oct. 28. 

Harwood, Peter. Private, 82d regiment, BritiiiJt anmi. See: Durie, Thomas, Return 
to George Washington 1781, Oct. 2. 

Harwood, Samuel. Member of Virginia House of Burgesses. See: Virginia, [Colony] 
Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Harwood & Brice. Account against John Parke Custis 1771, May 8. 

Hartford, Connecticut. See: Connecticut, [Colony] Hartford. 

Haslet, John. Col., Delaivarc regiment. See: Washington, George, Memorandum 
1776. 

Hassin, John. Private, capt. Henry Miller's company, 2d Penrmjlvania rifle battalion. 
See: Thompson, William, Return of deserters 1775, Oct. 23. 

Hastings, Eliphelet. Ensign, col. Jonathan Brewer's Mas.mchnsetts regiment. Peti- 
tion to George Washington 1775, Oct. 29. 

Hatfield, Abel. Loyalist. See: Vanderhovern, John to George Washington 1780, 
Nov. 6. See: Bowman, Thomas, Examination 1777, June 8. 

Hatfield, Cornelius. " Capt. in Royal service." See: Vanderhovern, John to George 
Washington 1780, Nov. 6. Letter to "Capt. G d" 1781, Jan. 13. 

Hatfield, Stephen. Private, commander in chief's guard. See: Washington, George, 
Return of the commander in chief's guard 1783, March 2. 

Hatfield, . of Elizahethtovm, New .Jersey. See: Bowman, Thomas, Examina- 
tion 1777, June 8. 

Hatten, William McL. Lt., Lwalid regiment. See: Knox, Henry, Report of l)oard 
of inspection 1783, June 10. 

Havely, Jacob. Private, Capt. John West's company, 1st Virginia regiment. See: 
West, John jr., Return of new recruits 1754. 



INDEX. v37 

Ha^wley, Joseph. Major and member of Mdsxdchusiits (inurdl Conrt. Letter to, See: 
-Moylan, Stejihen 1776, Jan. 24. 

Hayes, Samuel. Major, New Jertieij date troopx. See: Amicus Reiiiublicae to George 
Washinjrton 1780, July 19. 

Haynes, Aaron. ('it]>t. GtJi ('oiitinniUd hifantry. See: AVhitcomh, At^a, List of otli- 
oers 177(), Ai)ril 1. 

Haynes, Aaron and others. Officers, Htli Omtl/ienlal iufimtni. Letter to George 
Washington 1776, April 1. 

Hays, James. Lt.,caj)t. James Burd's company, £d battalion, rennsylcania troops. See: 
Washington, George, List of officers killed etc. at Fort Duquesne, Pennsyl- 
vania, on Major James Grant's reconnoissance 1758, Sept. 14. 

Hazard, . Captain. See: Culper, Samuel to John Bolton 1781, May 19. 

Hazelton, Simeon. See: Hazleton. 

Hazen, Moses. Vol., ^d Canadian regiment. See: Bayley, Jacob, Certificate of service 

1780, Sept. ? Washington, George, Estimate of troops 1781, May 22. 
Brig, gen.. Continental army. See: Washington, George, Regimental orders 

1781, Oct. 25. Hand, Edward, Return to George Washington 1781, Oct. 
Washington, George, Extracts from general orders 1783, Feb. 9, April 3. 
Heath, William to George Washington 1783, Junj 24. Washington, George 
to general officers 1783, June 24. 

Hazlet, John. See: Haslet. 

Hazleton, Simeon. Capt., col. Jolm Fellous's Mas.^acliiist'tts rryiment. See: Thomas, 
John to George Washington 1775, Dec. 8. 

Heard, John. Capt., 4th Continental dragoons. See: Clough, Alexander to George 
Washington 1778, June 18. Return to George Washington 1778, June 18. 

Heard, Nathaniel. Brig, gen., Nev) Jersey militia. Letter to, See: Harrison, Robert 
Hanson 1776, June 29. 

Heath, William. Brig, gen.. Continental army Return to George Washington 1775, 
Nov. 25. Maj. gen., Continental army Return to, See: Jacobs, John 1780, 
Aug. 12. Letter to George Washington 1780, Aug. 13. Report to, See: 
Gibbs, Caleb 1781, July 30. See: Pray, John to George Washington 1782, 
June 17. Proceedings of a board of general officers transmitted to George 
Washington 1783, June 24. 

Hedg-man, George. See: Washington, George, List of otfi(;ers sul)mitte(l to Robert 
Dinwiddle 1755, Aug.-Sept? 

Hedgman, John. Private, capt. Walter Steieart's company, 1st Virginia regiment. See: 
Fort Duquesne, Pennsylvania, Major James Grant's reconnoissance. Re- 
turn to George Washington 1758, Sept. 14. 

Heine. See: Huyne. 

Henderson, John. Capt-lt., 3d Pennsylvania regiment. Petition to George Wash- 
ington. See: McClelan, John and other officers to George Washington 
1778, Sept. 15. 

Henderson, John jr. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, 
June 22. 

Henderson, Robert. Loyalists j)risoner at Springfield, Massachusetts. See: Mas- 
sachusetts, [Colony] Springfield, Committee of Correspondence to George 
Washington 1775, Oct. 2. 

Hendon, James. Private, It. col. Adam Stephot's company, 1st Virginia regiment. 
See: Fort Duquesne, Pennsylvania, ilajor James Grant's reconnoissance. 
Return to George Washington 1758, Sept. 14. 



■238 INDEX. 

Hendricks, James? Captain. See: Hendricks, John to George Washington 1780, 

Oct. 17. Yanderhovern, John to George Washington 1780, Nov. 6. 
Hendricks, John. Secret agent at Elizahethtovm, New Jersey. Letter to. See: Littel 

D. 1780, Sept. 6, Sept. 7, Sept. 25, Sept. 26, Oct. 11, Oct. 13, Oct. 16. Letter 

to George Washington 1780, Oct. 17. See: A Stranger to George Wash- 
ington 1780, Oct. 23. Letter to. See: Littel D. 1780, Oct. 24, Oct. 26, 

Oct. 28? Oct.-Nov. See: Yanderhovern, John to George Washington 1780, 

Nov. 6. 
Hendricks, AVilliam. Capt., l.^t Continental mfantry. See: Hand, Edward, Return 

of officers 1776. 
Hendricks, . Captain. See: Hendricks, John to George Washington 1780, 

Oct. 17. 
Hennessy, William. Private, commander in chief s guard. See: Washington, George, 

Return of the commander in chief's guard 1783, March 2. 
Henry, John. Private, capt. Henry Miller's company, 2d Pennsylvania rifle battalion. 

See: Thompson, William, Return of deserters 1775, Oct. 23. 
Henry, John. Governor of Maryland. Letter to. See: Washington, George 1798, 

April 3. 
Henry, Patrick. Member of Virginia House of Burgesses. See: Blair, John to George 

AVashington 1773. 
Henry, Prince of Prussia. See: Washington, George to Count de Rochambeau 

1784, Nov. 25. 
Herbert, William. Letter to George Washington 1774, Aug. 30. Letter to. See: 

Washington, George 1794, March 10; 1798, Oct. 8; 1799, June 25. 
Hercules. Negro cook. See: Washington, George to Frederick Kitt 1798, Jan. 10. 
Herrick, John. Corporal, commander in chief's guard. See: Washington, George, 

Return of commander in chief's guard 1783, March 2. 
Hessian Troops. See: German Troops in America, List forwardeil to George 

Washington 1780-1. 
Hetfield. See: Hatfield. 
Hewlett, Richard. Lt. col., DeLancey' s battalions. See: New York, British Forces 

at, Information respecting, 1781, July 3-7. S. G. to Richard Muirson 3781, 

July 8. 
Hicks, Benjamin. Capt., 1st Neic York regiment. See: New York, [StateJ Troops, 

Return of officers 1779, April? Copp, John to George Washington 1779, 

May 16. 

Hidden, Ephraim. Private, capt. Thomas MighilVs company, col. Samuel Gerrisli's 
Massachusetts regiment. Petition to George Washington. See: Sawyer, 
Ezekiel and others to George Washington 1775, Oct. 9. 

Hill, John. Prisoner. See: Heard, John, Return to George Washington 1778, 
June 18. 

Hilliard, John. Capt., col. David Breiver's artificer regiment. See: Washington, 
George, A return of artificer regiment 1776, Aug. 4. 

Hills, Ebenezer? Capt., Invalid regiment. See: Knox, Henry, Report of l)oard of 
inspection 1783, June 10. 

Hills, Ebenezer. See: Georgia, [State] Savannah, Citizens, Proceedings of meeting 
1795, July 25. 

Hindman, . See: Frazier, Joshua, Account against Jonathan Boucher 1770, 

June 10. 



INDEX. 239 

Hichborn, . See: Washington, George to James Warren 1775, Aug. 6, 

Letter t(j George Washington 1775, Nov. 18. See also: Boston Harbor, 
British ships in, 1775, Oct. 28. "Preston." Suggestions regarding the 
seizure of, 1775, Oct. 28. Boston Harbor, British ships in. Names, 
rates, etc. 1775, Oct. 28. 

Hitchcock, Daniel. Col., IJih Continental infantry. See: Harris, Joseph to George 
Washington 1775, Sept. 28. Recommendation to George Washington 1775, 
Oct. 7, Oct. 9. Letter to George Washington 1775, Oct? See: Washington, 
George, Memorandum 1776. 

Hitching's, Amos. Lt., col. Jonathan Brewer^ s artificer regiment. See: Washington, 
< rcorge, A return of artificer regiment 1776, Aug. 4. 

Hitching-s, James. IJ., col. .TonatJian Breicer^ s artificer regiment. See: Washington, 
George, A return of artificer regiment 1776, Aug. 4. 

Hite, Abraham. Member of Virginia House of Burgesses. See: Virginia, [Colony] 
Articles of association 1770, June 22. Washington, George to Alexander 
Spotswood 1799, March 25. 

Hite, John jr. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Hoakesly, Robert. Merchant. See: Steuben, Frederick William; Knox, Henry; 
Hand, Edward and Pickering, Timothy, Report to George Washington 
1783, June 25. 

Hoarst, (ieorge. Private, capt. John West\s company, 1st Virginia regiment. See: 
West, John jr., Return of new recruits 1754. 

Hobart, David. Col., Xeio HampsJiire militia. See: W^ashington, George to Mat- 
thew Thornton 1775, Jan. 11. 

Hodg-in, Samuel. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Hog-, Peter. Capt., 1st Virginia regiment. Two returns of company 1754, July 9. 
See: Washington, George, List of officers submitted to Robert Dinwiddie 
1755, Aug. -Sept? Virginia, [Colony] Council proceedings 1773, Nov. 4. 

Hoit, Moses. Lt., col. Jonathan Brewer^ s artificer regiment. See: Washington, George, 
A return of artificer regiment 1776, Aug. 4. 

Holdin, Aaron. Lt., 6th Continental infantry. Letter to George W^ashington. See: 
Haynes, Aaron and others to George Washington 1776, April 1. 

Holiday, John. See: Holliday. 

Hollar, Henry. See: Haller. 

Holliday, John. Lt., capt. Robert Cluggage's company, /.s-/ ( 'initiiiental infantry See: 
Hand, Edward, Return of officers 1776. 

Hollor, Henry. See: Haller. 

Holman, Jonathan. Capt., col. .Jolm Mansfield's Massachusetts regiment. See: Sulli- 
van, John to George Washington 1775, Oct. 14. 

Holman, Jonathan. Col., Massachusetts militia. See: Washington, George, Memo- 
randum 1776. 

Holt, Peter. Private, commander in chiefs guard. See: Washington, George, 
Return of the commander in chief's guard 1783, March 2. 

Holt, William. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Homans, John. Surgeon, col. Benjamin Rnggles Woodhridge' s Massachusetts regiment. 
Certificate of illness of Sergt. Ebenezer Keeler 1775, Oct. 23. 

Homans, John. Surgeon, Woodbridge' s regiment, and Woodbridge, Benjamin Bug- 
gies. Col., Massachusetts regiment. Report to George Washington 1775, 
Nov. 30. 



240 INDEX. 

Hood, Samuel. Rear-admiral, British navy. See: New York, British Forces at, 
Information respecting, 1782, Feb. 6. Washington, George to Count <le 
Rochambeau 1782, Feb. 23. 

Hooe, Robert. Colonel. See Washington, George to Roger? West 1799, April 23. 

Hooper, Robert Lettis jr. Col. and deputy commissary of transportation, Sidlivan's 
expedition against the Six Nations. See: Cox, James and Patterson, Samuel, 
Answers to questions propounded by George Washington 1779, May-June? 

"Hope." British store-ship from Cork, George Cunvin, Master. List of goods on 
board, 1775, Aug. 13. 

Hopkinson, Francis and Wharton, John. Members of Continental navy hoard, mid- 
dle district. Letter to George Washington 1777, Dec. 30. 

Hopson, Moses. Private, capt. Tliomas MighilPs company, col. Samuel Gerrisli's Mas- 
sachusetts regiment. Petition to George Washington. See: Sawyer, Ezekiel 
and others to George Washington 1775, Oct. 9. 

Hooker, Noadiah. Capt., 2d. Connecticut regiment. Remonstrance to Joseph Spen- 
cer. See: Connecticut, [Colony] Troops, 2d regiment, Remonstrance of 
officers 1775, July 26? 

Hooker, Roger. Sergt., 2d. Connecticut regiment. Remonstrance to Joseph Spencer. 
See: Connecticut, [Colony] Troops, 2d regiment. Remonstrance of officers 
1775, July 26? 

Hoomes, John. See: Washington, George to AlV)in Rawlins 1798, Feb. 12. 

Hopkins, Charles. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Hopson, David. Private, capt. Thomas MighiWs company, col. Samuel Oerrish's Mas- 
sachusetts regiment. Petition to George Washington. See: Sawyer, Ezekiel 
and others to George Washington 1775, Oct. 9. 

Horn, William. See: Virginia, [Colony] Council jtroceedings 1773, Nov. 4. 
Hornbuckle, Thomas. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, 
June 22. 

Hornsby, Thomas. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
Horry, Elias? See: Washington, George to Count de Rochambeau 1790, April 26. 
Horseman, Jeremiah. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, 
June 22. 

Horton, Nathaniel. Capt., 4th New York regiment. See: New York, [State] Troops, 
Return of officers 1779, April? 

Hospital, Continental. See: Sullivan, John, Proceedings of a court of inquiry 
1775, Sept. 9. 

Houstoun, John. See: Georgia, [State] Savannah, Citizens, Proceedings of meeting 
1795, July 25. 

How, Moses. Private, capt. Thomas Mighill's company, col. Samuel Gerrish's J/rts.sa- 
chusetts regiment. Petition to George Washington. See: Sawyer, Ezekiel and 
others to George Washington 1775, Oct. 9. 

How, . Col., Massachusetts militia. See: Jacobs, John, Return to William 

Heath 1780, Aug. 12. 

Howard, Benjamin. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
Howard, Ebenezer. Agent of Massachusetts General Court. See: Cheever, Ezekiel 
to Edward Mitchel 1776, :March 5. 

How^ard, John Eager. Lt. col., 2d. Maryland regiment. See: Washington, George to 
Arthur St Clair 1780, Feb. 24. 



INDEX. 241 

Howe, Abraham. Lt., col. Jonathan Breirer's artificer regiment. See: "Waphinirton, 

George, A return of artificer regiment. 1776, Aug. 4. 
Ho'we, Richard, Viscount. Rear admiral in command of British fleet in North America. 

Letter to James? Lord Drummond 1776, Aug. 15. See: Drummond, James? 

Lord to George AVashington 1776, Aug. 19. Washington, George to Count 

de Rochambeau 1782, Nov. 25. ]\Iullen, Daniel and others, examination 

1782, Nov. 25. 
Howe, Robert. Maj. gen., Continental army. Letter to (jeorge Washington 1777, 

Nov. 2, Nov. 3. See: Brewster, Caleb to Benjamin Tallmadge 1780, Aug. 

27. Washington, George, After orders 1781, July 1. Walker, Benjamin to 

Horatio Gates 1783, Feb. 16. Heath, William to George Washington 1783, 

June 24. 
Howe, William. Maj. gen. and commander in cJiief of Brit isli forces in America. Letter 

to George Washington 1776, Nov. 8. See: Driver, Joseph, Examination 

1777, April 16. Bowman, Thomas, Examination 1777, June 8. Tilglinian, 
Tench to John Sullivan 1777, June 18. 

Howel, (Teorge. Loijalist spy. See: Culper, Samuel to John Bolton 1780, Sept. 
1 and 5. 

Hoyt, Stephen. Ltf, Continental army. See: Brewster, Calel) to Benjamin Tallmadge 
1780, Aug. 27. 

Hubbard, Edward. See: Washington, George, List (^f officers submitted to Robert 
Dinwiddle 1755, Aug. -Sept? 

Hubbard, Jacob. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Hubbard, Jonas. Capt., col. Jonathan Ward's Massachusetts regiment. Petition to 
George Washington. See: Welch, William and others to George Wash- 
ington 1775-76. See: Foster, Isaac to John Morgan 1776, June 25. 

Hubbard, ^Nlichal. See: Hubert, Michael. 

Hubbel, . Major, loyalist troops. See: Culper, Samuel to John Bolton 1782, 

July 5. 
Hubert, Michael. Loyalist. See: Heard, John, Return to George Washington 

1778, June 18. 

Hubley, Adam. Lt. col., 10th Pennsylmnia regiment. See: Washington, George, 

General orders 1778, June 11. 
Hubley, Frederick. Lt., capt. James Ross's company, li<t (Continental infantry. See: 

Hand, Edward, Return of officers 1776. 
Hughes, Daniel. See: Fitzgerald, John to John Sullivan 1776, ]\Iay 25. 
Hughes, Hugh. Asst. quartermaster general, Continental army. Return to George 

Washington 1776, May 25, May 31, June 4, June 5, June 8, June 16, June 

29, July 8, Aug. 12, Aug. 19. 
Hughes, John. Lt., capt. William Wilson's company, 6th. Pennsylrania regiment. 

Petition to George Washington. See: McClelan, John and other officers to 

George Washington 1778, Sept. 15. 
Hughes, Joseph. Private, capt. Liobert Steicart' s company , 1st Virginia regiment. See: 

Fort Duquesne, Pennsylvania, Major James Grant's reconnoissance, Return 

to George Washington 1758, Sept. 14. 
Hughes, Samuel. See: Fitzgerald, John to John Sullivan 177<), ^Nlay 25. 
Hughs, James. Private, commander in chiefs guard. See: Washington, George, 

Return of the commander in chief's guard 1783, March 2. 
Hulan, f]dward. Private, capt. Enoch Putnam's company, col. John Mansfield's Mas- 
sachusetts regiment. See: Sullivan, John to George Washington 1775, 

Oct. 14. 

19108—01 16 



242 INDEX. 

Huling', Thomas. . Ensign, 3d Pennsylvania regiment. Petition to George Washing- 
ton. See: McClelan, John and other officers to George AVashington 1778, 
Sept. 15. 

Hulitt, Augustus. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Hull, John. Private?, capf. John Peese's comx)any, 2d Pennsylvania regiment. See: 
Foster, Isaac to John Morgan 1776, June 29. 

Humphreys, Cornelius. Col., Datchesti county, New York, militia. See: "Washing- 
ton, George, Memorandum 1776. 

Humphreys, Jacob. Capt., 6th Pennsylvania regiment. See: Washington, George, 
General orders 1778, June 11. 

Humphreys, Nathaniel. Lt., 3d Connecticut regiment. Remonstrance to Joseph 
Spencer. See: Connecticut, [Colony] Troops, 2d regiment. Remonstrance 
of officers 1775, July 26? 

Hunewell, Jolm. Soldier in late Continental army. Petition to George Washington. 
See: Jennings, Daniel and others to George Washington 1789, Oct. 28. 

Hunt. Laurence. Sailor from British frigate ^'Liverpuol." See: Heard, John, Return 
to George Washington 1778, June 18. 

Hunt. Tliomas. Capt., 9th Massachusetts regiment. See: Hand, Edward, Return to 

George Washington 1781, Oct. 
Hunt, Wilham. Merchant.^ of Watertown, Massachusett.<i. See: C'heever, Ezekiel to 

George Washington 1776, Jan. 80. 
"Hunter." British prison ship in North River. See: Mersereau, John to George 

Washington 1780. 
Hunter, David. Ensign, capt. John Belknap's ccjmpany, 2nd New York regiment. 

See: Nicoll, Isaac, Return to George Washington 1776, Apr. 23-29. 
Hunter, George. Jjoyalist.^ prisoner at Springfield, Massachusetts. See: ]\Iassachu- 

setts, [Colony] Springfield, Committee of Correspondence to George Wash- 
ington 1775, Oct. 2. 
Hunter, Robert. Commissaryf, Continentid army. See: Continental army. Cattle 

for, 1777, Dec? 

Hunter, William. Sergeant, commander in chief sgtiard. See: Washington, George, 
Return of commander in chief's guard 1783, March 2. 

Huntington, Ebenezer. Remonstrance to Joseph Spencer. See: Connecticut, 
[Colony] Troops, 2d regiment, Remonstrance of officers 1775, July 26? 

Hunting-ton, Jedidiah. Col., 8th Connecticut regiment. Letter to George Washing- 
ton. See: Markham, Barzillai to George Washington 1775, Oct. 3. Letter 
to George Washington. See: Terrill, Thomas to George Washington 1775, 
Oct. 7. Letter to George Washington. See: Stoughton, Samuel, jr. to 
George Washington 1775, Oct. 16. Col., 17th Continental infantry. Address 
to George Washington. See: Parsons, Samuel Holden and others to George 
Washington 1776, June 29. See: Washington, George, Memorandum 
1776. Brig, gen., Continental army. See: Sullivan, John to George Washing- 
ton 1777, Dec. 10? Lee, Charles, Opinion of board of officers 1778, 
June 2. Lee, Charles to George Washington 1778, June 2. Scammell, 
Alexander to George Washington 1778, Sept. 5; 1779, Aug. 28. Walker, 
Benjamin to Horatio Gates 1783, Feb. 16. Washington, George, Extracts 
from general orders 1783, April 3. Heath, William to George Washington 
1783, June 24. 

Huntington, Jedidiah. Brig, gen., Continental army. Van Cortland, Philip. Col., 
2d New York regiment, and Nicola, Lewis. Col., Invalid regiment. Letter to 
George Washington 1783, May 27. 



INDEX. 243 

Hunting'toii, Selina, Counters. Si'o: Was^liinirton, George to Bryan, Lord Fairfax 
1799, Jan. 20. 

Hurlburt, Joseph. Private?, capt. Thomas Williams's company, col. Jolni, Paterson's 
Mansadiusetts regiment or in caj)t. Jonas Hubbard's company, col. JonatJian 
Ward's Massachusetts regiment. Petition to George Washington. See: "Welch, 
William and others to George Washington 1775-76. 

Hutcliing-s, Daniel. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Hutching's, John. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Hutchins, William. Capt., :Jd Neiv Hampshire regiment. ICndorsement of ])ctition. 
See: March, John, Petition to George Washington 1775, Oct. 10. 
See: Sullivan, John to George Washington 1775, Oct. 14. 

Hutchinson, Israel. IJ. col., col. JoJin Mansfield's Massachusetts regiment. See: Sul- 
livan, John, Proceedings of a court of inquiry 1775, Sept. 9. Foster, 
Gideon, Petition to George Washington 1775, Sept. 11. Russell, Thomas, 
Petition to George AVashington 1775. Col, 19th Massachusetts regiment. 
See: Craft, Benjamin to George Washington 1775, Nov. 10. Col., 27th 
Continental infantry. See: AVashington, George, Memorandum 1776. 

Hutcliinson, Shrimpton. See: Chapel Church, Boston, A^ote of AVardens 1789, 
Oct. IS. 

Hutcliinson, . Private, British army. See: Lasick, Ludwig, Examination 

17.S0, June 16. 

Huyne von, . Maj. gen., commanding the Huyne regiment, Hessian troops. 

See: German Troops in America, List forwarded to George AA'^ashington 

1 7S0-1 . 

Hymer, Daniel. Baker, commander in chief's guard. See: AVashington, George, 
Keturn of the commander in chief's guard 1783, March 2. 

H , . Col., Continental army. See: Bissel, Daniel, Substance of 

information obtained 1782, Oct. 

Imlay, Gilbert. Lt.,col. David Forman's additional Continenttd regiment. See: For- 
man, David to George AA^'ashington 1778, March 28. 

InAxsixxs, Sandusky Conference. See: AVashington, George to Charles Thomson 1793, 
Jan. 31. E.rpedition against. See: AVashington, George, Keturn of troops 
employed on western expedition 1779, Aug? 

Infelt, Joseph. Private, 70th Pennsylvania regiment. See: AA''ashington, George, Par- 
don 1780, May 26. 

Ing-ersoll, Jared. See: Massachusetts, Boston, A^ote of committee on ret-eption of 
the President 1789, Oct. 

Innes, Alexander. Lt. col.. South Carolina loyalist regimerd. See: South Carolina, 
[State] British Forces in, 1781, Aug. 10. 

Innes, Thomas. Lt., 33d regiment, Brilixh army. See: Durie, Thomas, lieturn 
to George AVashington 1781, Oct. 

Innesly, . Private, British army. See: Lasick, Ludwig, Examination 

1780, June 16. 

Inspector-General, Continental army. [Maj. gen., Baron von Steuben.] See: 
AVashington, George, Circular letter to the corps commanders 1780, 
Jan. 22. 

"Iris." Britisli man-of-war at Xeir York, < 'ajjl. .T. Havkrr. See: Amicus Keipublicae 
to George AVashington 1780, June 24, June 28-30. 



244 INDEX. 

Irish, Nathaniel. Capt., col. Benjamin Floiver's artillery and artificer regiment. See: 
Flower, Benjamin, Return to George Washington 1780, Feb. 22. 

Irvine, Matthew. See: Irwine. 

Irvine, Jasper. See: Erving. 

Irvine, William. Brig, gen., Continental army. See: Scammell, Alexander to- 
George Washington 1779, Aug. 28. 

Irwine, ]\Iatthew. Lt., Id Continental infantry. See: Hand, Edward, Return of 
officers 1776. Commissary and It., 2d cavalry, ''Pulaski's Legion". See:: 
Washington, George, After orders 1781, July 1. 

Jack. Cook. See: Ballendine, John, Memorandum to George Washington 1760,, 
Jan. 23? 

Jackson, Henry. Col., 9th Mctssachusetts regiment. See: Pickering, Timothy to- 
George Washington 1782, Oct. 15. 

Jackson, John. See: A^irginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Jackson, Jonathan. Chairman, Committee of " Xewberryport," Massachusetts. Letter- 
to, See: Harrison, Robert Hanson 1776, Jan. 20. 

Jackson, Joseph. Private, Capt. Walter Stevart's company, 1st Virginia regiment- 
See: Fort Duquesne, Pennsylvania, Major James Grant's reconnoissance,. 
Return to George Washington 1758, Sept. 14. 

Jackson, Stephen. Private, 82d regiment, British army. See: Durie, Thomas, Re- 
turn to George Washington 1781, Oct. 22. 

Jackson, William. Capt., 2d New York regiment. See: Nicoll, Isaac, Return to 
George Washington 1776, Apr. 23-29. Clinton, James, Return to George 
Washington 1776, June 19. 

Jackson, . " of Redstone." See: Washington, George to James Ross 1794, 

Aug. 1. 

Jacobs, John. Col., 3fassachusetts militia. Return of three months men 1780, 
Aug. 12. 

Jacobs, John? Capt., British man-of-war "Russell". See: New York, British Forces- 
at. Information respecting, 1779, Dec. 

Jacques, Lancelot. Account against John Parke Custis 1771, Dec. 16. See: Gassa- 
way, Henry, Account against John Parke Custis 1771, Dec. 18. 

Jacques, Moses. See: Jaques. 

James, William. Private, commander in chief's guard. See: Washington, George, 
Return of the commander in chief's guard 1783, March 2. 

Jameson, A . See: Washington, George, Observations on James Anderson's 

accounts 1798, Feb. 1. 

Jameson, David. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Jameson, John. Major, 2d Continental dragoons. See: Fitzgerald, John to John 
Sullivan 1777, July? Bland, Theodorick to George Washington 1777, 
Dec. 11? 

Jameson, John. Letter to. See: Washington, George 1795, Feb. 15. Authoriza- 
tion to, See: Washington, George 1795, Feb. 16. 

Jamieson, Neil. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
Letter to, See: Washington, George 1771, June 4. 

Jamison, John. See: Jameson. 

Janes, Henry. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Jansen, Cornelius J. Capt., 3d New York regiment. See: New York, [State] 
Troops, Return of officers 1779, April? 



INDEX. 245 

Jaques, Moses. Col., 1st reghnnd, Esaex county, New Jersey, miUtia. See: "Washing- 
ton, George, Memorandum of New Jersey militia 1780, June. 

Javins, John. See: Washington, George to William B. Harrison 1799, Feb. 6. 

Jay, John, t'nited States minister at Madrid. See: Ledyard, Isaac to Tench Tilgh- 
man 1781, May 15. Envoy extraordinary to Great Britain. See: "Washing- 
ton, George to Tobias Lear 1794, May 6, Aug. 28. 

Jean Baptist. Chief, Cognawaga Indiaiis. See: Indians, Cognawaga Nation, Talk 
with George Washington 1776, Jan. 31. 

Jefferson, Thomas. Memfier of Virginia House of Burgesses. See: Virginia, [Colony] 
Articles of association 1770, June 22. Washington, George to Tobias Lear 
1 794, May 6. 

Jenifer, Daniel of St. Thomas. I'rcsident of Senate of Maryland. Letter U), See: 

Washington, George 1778, Oct. 5. See: Washington, George to 

Dunnington 1797, Jan. 1.5. Letter to, See: W^ashington, George 1797, 
May [June?] 7. 

Jenkings, Edward. Ensign, 60th regiment of foot in America. See: Washington, 
George, List of officers killed etc. at Fort Duquesne, Pennsylvania, on 
Major James Grant's reconnoissance 1758, Sept. 14. 

Jenkins, Charles. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Jenkins, Daniell. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Jenkins, John. Volunteer, capt. Simon Spalding^ s Wyoming Valley company. Account 
of. See: Washington, George, A summary of intelligence obtained from 
Edward Hand 1779, May-June? 

Jenkins, Simon. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
Jenkins. See also: Jinkens and Jinkins. 

Jennings, Daniel and others. Petition to (xeorge Washington 1789, Get. 28. 
■"Jersey." British prison ship in Xorlh River. See: Mersereau, John to George 
Washington 1780. 

Jesse, . Secret agent in New York. See: Littel D. to John Hendricks 1780, 

Oct. 26-7. 

Jett, Thomas, See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
Jewett, Dummer. Agent for jiurchase of (rrnis. Receipt to. See: Cheever, Ezekiel 
1776, INIarch 29. 

Jinkens, James jr. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
Jinkins, Daniel. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
Jinkins, James. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, Jvme 22. 
Jinkins, Samuel. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
Jinkins, Stephen. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
Jinkins, Thomas. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
Jinkins. See also: Jenkins. 
Joe. Servant. See: Boucher, Jonathan to George Washington 1771? Nov? 

Johnson, Isaac. Private, capt. .ToJin. Marcy's company, 3d New Hampshire regiment. 
See; Sullivan, John to George W^ashington 1775, Oct. 14. 

Johnson, John. Member of Virginia House of Burgesses. See: A'irginia, [Colony] 
Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Johnson, John. Capt., 5th Nev York regiment. See: New York, [State] Troops, 
Keturn of othcers 1779, April? 



246 INDEX. 

Jolinson, Sir John. Lt. col., "Quee7i's Royal Greems." See: Ray, to George 

Washington 1782, April 27. Richard, Henry, Deposition 1782, July 7- 

Jolinson, Mary. Account against Jonathan Boucher 1770, Sept. 30? 

Jolinson, Xathaniel. Private, capt. Thomas Mighill's company, col. Samuel Gerrisli^» 
Ma^sachu.^etts regiment. Petitition to George Washington. See: Sawyer^ 
Ezekiel and others to George Washington 1775, Oct. 9. 

Jolinson, Thomas. Captain. See: Palfrey, William to Jacob Bay ley 1776, March 17. 

Johnson, Thomas. See: Washington, George to Tobias Lear 1795, March 4. 

Johnson, . See: Boucher, Jonathan to George Washington 1771? Nov? 

Johnston, Andrew. Ensign, capt. James Hamilton'' s company, 1st Peuiisylrania regi- 
ment. Petition to George Washington 1778, Sept. 15. See: McClelan, John 
and other officers to George Washington 1778, Sept. 15. 

Johnston, George? Attorney-at-laicf Letter to George Washington 1760, Jan. 8.- 
See: Pearson, Simon, Deed of sale to George Washington 1763, Feb. 14. 

Johnston, John. Private, capt. Thomas Bullitt's company, 1st Virginia regiment.. 
See: Fort Duquesne, Pennsylvania, Major James Grant's reconnoissance,. 
Return to George Washington 1758, Sept. 14. 

Johnston, Robert. See: Pearson, Simon, Deed of sale to George Washington 1763, 
Feb. 14. 

Johnston, Samuel. Private, 82d regiment, BritisJi army. See: Durie, Thomas, 
Return to George Washington 1781, Oct. 2. 

Johnston, Thomas. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22> 

Johnston, Walker. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Johnston, William. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Johnston, William jr. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770^ 
June 22. 

Johnston. See: Johnson. 

Jones, George. See: Georgia, [State] Savannah, Citizens, Proceedings of meeting 
1795, July 25. 

Jones, James. See: Georgia, [State] Savannah, Citizens, Pnjceedings of meeting 
1795, July 25. 

Jones, Xoble Wimberly. Physician. See: Georgia, [State] Savannah, Citizens, 
Proceedings of meeting 1795, Ju^y 25. Georgia, [State] Savannah, Citi- 
zens, Letter to George Washington 1795, Aug. 1. 

Jones, Pearson. Deposition concerning destruction of Falmouth 1775, Oct. 16. 
Jones, Samuel. Lt., loth Virginia regiment. See: Washington, George, General 

orders 1778, June 11. 
Jones, Walter. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
Jones, W. B. See: Washington, George to Francis Deakins 1796, Nov. 13. 
Joopier, Abijah. of Setauket, Xevj York. See: Culper, Sanuiel t(j John Bolton 1780, 

Oct. 8. 

Joram, William. Private, col. George Washington'' s company, 1st Virginia regiment. 
See: Fort Duquesne, Pennsylvania, Major James Grant's reconnoissance. 
Return to George Washington 1758, Sept. 14. 

Jordan, John. Capt., col. Benjamin Flower's artillery and artificer regiment. See:. 
Flower, Benjamin, Return to George Washington 1780, Feb. 22. 

JoTvett, Dummer. See: Jewett. 
Kalough. See: Kohler. 



INDEX. 247 

Karnahan, William. Private, commander hi chiefs guard. Pee: Washington, 
George, Return of the commander in (chief's guard 1788, March 2. 

Kean, John. ('oinmixKani.', ContinenUd annij. See: Continental army. Cattle for, 
1777, Dec? 

Kean. See also: Keene. 

Keeler, Ebenezer. Sergt., col. Benjamin Ruggles Woodfiridge' ,'i Ma.'imchu.tetts regiment. 
See: Homans, John to Benjamin Ruggles Woodbridge 1775, Oct. 23. 

Keene, Richard Ifaynal. Letter to. See: AVashington, George 1798, Dec. 28. 

Keith, Alexander. See: Mercer, George and others. Deed of sale to George Wash- 
ington 1774, Dec. 12. 

Keith, James. See: Washingtcjn, (ieorge to Bushrod Washington 1796, ]\Iarcli 9, 
March 21. Letter to. See: Washington, George 1797, Dec. 10. 

Kemp, -. (Jook, armed galley ^' Ladg WasJiingtun." See: Cook, Robert, Pay- 
roll of ofhcers 1778, Sept. 

Kenny, Sauuiel. IJ. and adjutant, col. Jonatluin Breieer^ti artificer regiment. See: 
AVashington, George, A return of artificer regiment 1776, Aug. 4. 

Kent, James. Private, 23d regiment, British army. See: Durie, Thomas, Return 
to George Washington 1781, Oct. 2. 

Ker, Edward. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Kerr, Samuel. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Ketcham, P^zra. Lieutenant. See: Culper, Samuel to John Bolton 1780, Oct. 8. 

Kibben, William. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Kibler, Jacob. Private, capt. John Wesfs company, 1st Virginid regiment. See: West, 
John jr.. Return of new recruits 1754. 

Kigg-am, Thomas. Private, major Andrew Leivi.'i's company, 1st Virginia regiment. 
See: Fort Duquesne, Pennsylvania, Major James Grant's reconnoissance. 
Return to George Washington 1758, Sept. 14. 

Killgore, George. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Kimball, Benjamin. Capt., col. Israel Hutchinson's Massachusetts regiment. See: 
Craft, Benjamin, Petition to George Washington 1775, Nov. 10. 

King-, Benjamin. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

King, Frederick. Postmasterf Note concerning robbery of post-rider. See: Rich- 
ard, Henry, Deposition 1782, July 7. 

King, John. See: Washington, George, List of officers submitted to Robert Din- 
widdle 1755, Aug. -Sept? 

King, Rufus. Minister j^lenipotentiury of I'rdted State.t to (Irvat liritairi. Letter to. 
See: Washington, George 1796, Dec. 22. 

Kinsman, Aaron. Cajjt., 1st New Hampshire regiment. See: Sullivan, John to 
George Washington 1775, Oct? 

Kirk, James. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Kirke, Grafton. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Kirkpatrick, David. Captain, sappers and miners. See: Hand, Kdward, Return 
to George Washington 1781, Oct. 

Kirkpatrick, John. See: Pearson, Simon, Deed of sale to Creorge Washington 
1763, Feb. 14. 

Kirkpatrick, Thomas. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, 
June 22. 

Kitt, Frederick. Letter to. See: Washington, George 1798, Jan. 10, Jan. 29. 



248 INDEX. 

Kittredge, Thomas. Surgeon, col. James Fri/e's Massachusetts regiment. Certificate 
of Peter Webster's physical condition 1775, Oct. 23. 

Knight, John. Lt., Britislh arrni/. Letter to, See: Gates, Horatio 1776, Jan. 24. 

Knowlton, Thomas. Major, 30th Continental infantry. Address to George Washing- 
ton. See: Parsons, Samuel Holden and others to George Washington 1776, 
June 29. 

Knox, George Hippolitus. Ensign, 9th Pennsijlvania regiment. Petition to George 
Washington. See: McClelan, John and other officers to George Washington 
1778, Sept. 18. 

Knox, Henry. Col. of artillery. Continental army. Return to George Washington 
1776, May 16 (two), June 10. Brig, gen.. Continental army. Return to 
George Washington 1778, Jan. 3. See: Lee, Charles to George Washing- 
ton 1778, June 2. Estimate of artillery stores wanted 1780, July 3. Esti- 
mate of ordnance and stores necessary for campaign 1781, Jan. 5. See: New 
York City, Attack upon, 1781? June? Maj. gen., Continental army Report 
of board of inspection of officers of Invalid corps 1783, June 10. See: 
Walker, Benjamin to Horatio Gates 1783, Feb. 16. Report to George 
Washington. See: Steuben, Frederick William; Knox, Henry; Hand, 
Edward and Pickering, Timothy to George AVashington 1783, June 25. 

Knyphausen, Wilhelm, Baron von. Lt. gen. and commander in chief of Hessian 

troops. See: Trech, , Examination 1778, Oct. 31. New York, British 

Forces at. Information respecting, 1780, July 18. Littel D. to John 
Hendricks 1780, Oct. 13. 

Knyphausen Regiment. See: German Troops in America, List forwarded to 
George Washington 1780-1. 

Kohler, . Lt. col., 4th regiment of grenadiers, Hessian troops. See: German 

Troops, List forwarded to George Washington 1780-1. 

KortrigM, Lawrence. Loyalist. See: Z to George Washington 1778, Dec. 19. 

Kosbot. See: Kospoth. 

Kospoth., Heinrich Jul. von. Maj. gen., commanding the Langrave regiment, Hessian 
troops. See: German Troops, List forwarded to George Washington 1780-1. 

Kreamer, John. See: Cremer. 

Kuntz, Adam. Hessian deserter from Prince Charles regiment. See: Ernest, John and 
others. Examination 1782, Nov. 30. 

"Lady Washington." Armed galley, Robert Cook, captain. See: Cook, Robert, 
Payroll of officers 1776, Sept. 

•Iiafaillette. See: Lafayette. 

Lafayette, George Washington. See: Washington, George to Tobias Lear 1796, 
March 27. Letter to, See: Washington, George 1798, Dec. 25. 

Lafayette, Marie Jean Paul Joseph Roche Yves Gilbert du Metier, Marquis de. 
Maj. gen.. Continental army. See: Lee, Charles to George Washington 1778, 
June 2. Washington, George, Examination of Philiii Miller 1778. Boileau, 
Amable, Certificate 1780, Oct? Petition to. See: Cadieux, Pierre 1781, 
Jan. 17. See: Washington, George, Estimate of troops 1781, JNIay 22. 
Durie, Thomas, Return to George Washington 1781, Oct. 2. Washington, 
George to Count de Rochambeau 1782, ]March 19; 1785, Sept. 7. Washing- 
ton, George to George Washington Lafayette 1798, Dec. 25. 

Lafitte, Peter S. See: Georgia, [State] Savannah, Citizens, Proceedings of meet- 
ing 1795, July 25. 



INDEX. 249 

Iiakeman, Samuel. Private, capt. Thomas MiglnlVs company, col. Samuel Gerrish's 

Masmckusetts regiment. Petition to George Washington. See: Sawyer, Eze- 

kiel and others to George Washington 1775, Oct. 9. 
Xamb, Catherine. ]Vife of major John, Lamb, Continental artillery. Northern Department. 

Memorial to George Washington 1776, June. 
Lancaster, Samuel. Private, capt. Thomas MighilFs company, col. Samuel Gerrish's 

}[itssachiisetts regiment. Petition to George Washington. See: Sawyer, Eze- 

k\v\ and others to George Washington 1775, Oct. i». 
Lancour, Count de la. See: Washington, George to Count de Rociianiljeau 1784, 

:\Iay 15. 
Liander, Francis. Capt., 60th regiment of foot in America. See: Washington, George, 

List of officers killed etc. at Fort Duquesne, Pennsylvania, on Major James 

Grant's reconnoissance 1758, Sept. 14. 
liandon, Lahan. Private, commander in chief's guard. See: Washington, George, 

Return of the commander in chiefs guard 1783, March 2. 
Lane, Ilarvey. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
Lane, James H. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
Lane, John. Private, capt. Winlhrop Rowe's company, 2d New Hampshire regiment. 

See: Sullivan, John to George Washington 1775, Oct. 14. 
Lane, John. Capt., 9th Continental infantry. See: Varnum, James Mitchell to 

George Washington 1776, May 10. 
Lang, Jacob? Cajjt., 10th Pennsylvania regiment. See: Washington, George, Gen- 
eral orders 1778, June 11. 
Langdon, John. United States Senator from New Hampshire. See: Washington, 

George to Tobias Lear 1794, May 6. 
Langdon, Samuel. President of Harvard College. Letter to George Washington 

1775, Sept. 18 (two), Oct. 28. 
Lapliani, King. Lt., brig. gen. .Jolm TJiomas' s Massachusetts regiment. See: Thomas, 

John to George Washington 1775, Oct. 11. 
Lapsley, Samuel. Capt., col. Nathaniel Gist's additional Continental regiment. See: 

Gist, Nathaniel, Return to George Washington 1778, Jan. 9. 
La Rouerie, Charles Armand Tutin, Marquis de. See: Tutin. 
Lasher, Jolm. Col., New York militia. Proceedings of a court martial 1776, Sept. 

26-7. See: Washington, George, Memorandum 1776. 
Lasick, Ludwig. British priso7ier. Examination 1780, June 16. 
Laslie, Alexander. See: Leslie. 

Latane, William. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
Latham, Hobert. Loyalist. See: Culper, Samuel to John Bolton 1780, Nov. 5. 
Lathrop, John jr. Clergyman. Letter to. See: Washington, George 1795, March2. 
LaTouche Treville, Louis Rene Vassor, Vicomte de. Captain, French navy. See: 

Littcl 1). to (Jeorge Washington 1780, July 21-6, July 26. 
Launder, Francis. See: Lander. 
Laurens, Henry. United States minister to Holland. See: Continental Congress, 

Admiralty Board to George Washington 1780, Aug. 14. Amicus Reipub- 

licae to George Washington 1780, Oct. 18. 
Lauzun* Armand Louis de Gontaut, Due de. Prig. gen. , Continental army. Return to 

George Washington 1781, March. See: Washington, George to Count de 

Rochambeau 1782, Feb. 21. 



250 INDEX. 

Liaw, Eliza. See: Washington, George to George "Washington Lafayette 1798, 
Dec. 25. 

Ijaw, Thomas. See: Washington, George to WilUam Fitzhugh 1798, May 30. 
M'ashington, George to George Washington Lafayette 1798, Dec. 25. 

Lia'wrence, EUjali. Private, commander in chief s guard. See: Washington, George, 
Retnrn nf commander in chief's guard 1783, March 2. 

Leach., . See: Dodge, Richard to George Washington 1775, Sept. 23. 

Lieachraere's Point. See: Lechmere's Point. 

Lear, Fannie. Widow of George Augustine Washington and wife of Tobias Lear. See: 
Washington, George to Tobias Lear 1796, March 26. 

Lear, Lincoln. See: Washington, George to Tobias Lear 1794, May 6, Aug. 28. 

Lear, Tobias. Secretary to the President of the United States. See: Massachusetts, 
[State] Boston, Vote of Committee on reception of the President 1789, Oct. 
Washington, George to Gouverneur Morris 1793, Sept. 1. Washington, 
George to Thomas Pinckney 1793, Sept. 1. Letter to. See: Washington, 
George 1794, May 6, Aug. 28; 1795, ]ilarch 4; 1796, Feb. 15, March 13, 
March 21, ISIarch 27, March 30, Nov. 16. See: Washington, George to Jacob 
Van Vleck 1796, Dec. 7. Letter to. See: Washington George 1796, Dec. 
14; 1797, Jan. 13. Secretary to George Washington See: W^ashington, George 
to William Fitzhugh 1798, May 30. Washington, George to George AVash- 
ington Lafayette 1798, Dec. 25. Washington, George to William Thornton 
1799, April 21. 

Learned, Ebenezer. Col., 3d Continental infantry. See: Washington, George, 
[Memorandum 1776. Brig, gen.. Continental army. See: Sullivan, John to 
George Washington 1777, Dec. 10? Pickering, Timothy to George Wash- 
ington 1778, Jan. 10. Scammell, Alexander to George Washington 1778, 
Sept. 5. 

Learned, Moses. Private, capt. Thomas Drury's company, col. John Nixon's Ma.ssa- 
chusetts rSgiment. See: Sullivan, John to George Washington 1775, Oct. 14. 

Leaycraft, Richard and others. Memorial to George Washington 1776, July 9-14. 

LeBrun, Bellecour. Capt., Pulaski's legion. See: Washington, George to Count de 
Rochambeau 1782. Jan. 14. 

Lechmere's Point. Boston Ha rJior. See: Putnam, Rufus, Table of distances 1775, 
Nov. 14. 

Ledyard, Benjamin. Major, 1st Xew York regiment. See: Scudder, William to 
George Washington 1779, June 13. Clinton, James, Certificate to George 
Washington 1779, June 14. 

Ledyard, Isaac ? Asst. purveyor, hospital department, Continent(d. army. Letter to 
Tench Tilghman 1781 ? May 15 ? 

Lee, Charles. J/rtj. gen.. Continental army. See: Putnam, Rufus to George AVash- 
ington 1776, Jan. 7. Letter to. See: Washington, George 1776, March 
14. See: Bowman, Thomas, Examination 1776, June 8. Opinion of board 
of officers 1778, June 2. Proceedings of court martial in trial of Thomas 
Shanks 1778, June 2. 

Lee, Charles. Xaval officer for the district of tJte Potomac. See: Washington, George 
to John Gill 1795, July 13. Attorney general of United States. See: Wash- 
ington, George to Tobias Lear 1796, March 13. 

Lee, Francis Lightfoot. Member of Virginia House of Burgesses. See: ilississippi 
Company, Articles of association 1763, June 3. See: Virginia, [Colony] 
Articles of association 1770, June 22. 



INDEX. 251 

Lee, Henry. Member of Virgiina House of Burgesses. See: Virginia, [Colony] Arti- 
cles of association 1770, June 22. Major, commanding Lee'a partisan corps. 
Letter to, See: Wa.«hington, George 1780, Aug. 20. Lf. col., Lee' s partisan 
corps. See: South Carolina, [State] British Forces in, 1781, Aug. 10. 
Letter to George Washington 1782, April 22. See: Washington, George to 
Alexander Spotswood 1797, Feb. 1. Washington, George to Reed & 
Ford 1797, March 31. Mnj. gen., United States army. See: Washington, 
George to James Anderson 1798, Nov. 1. Letter to, See: Washington, 
George 1798, Nov. 4, Dec. 31; 1799, April 18. See: Washington, George 
to Jesse Simnis 1799, April 22. Member of Congress from Virginia. See: 
Washington, George to William Augustine Washington 1799, May 20, 3Iay 
24. Washington, George to Wilson Allen 1799, June 17. 

1(66, Richard. Member of Virginia House of Burgesses. See: Virginia, [Colony] 
Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Ii6e, Richard Henry. Member of Virginia House of Burgesses. See: INIississippi 
company, Articles of association 1763, June 3. See: Virginia, [Colony] 
Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Iiee, Thomas Ludwell. See: Mississippi Company, Articles of association 1763, 
June 3. Letter to. See: Washington, George 1799, April 26. 

Lee, Thomas. Lieut., capt. James Rosekrayu^'s company, 2nd New Yorkregiment. See: 
Nicoll, Isaac, Return to George Washington 1776, Apr. 23-29. 

Lee, William. See: Mississippi Company, Articles of association 1763, June 3. 

Lee, . Secret agent f See: Littel D. to John Hendricks 1780, Oct. 26-7. 

Leech, AVilliam. See: Moylan, Stephen to William Bartlett 1776, Feb. 14. 

Lefl3.ng"W6ll, Christopher. Asst. commissary general. Continental army. Letter to. 
See: Moylan, Stephen 1776, Feb. 14. 

"LeFortune." Britisli vian-of-war. See: Littel D. to John Hendricks 1780, 
Oct. 13. 

LegTO, Samuel. Corporal, col. Daniel Hitchcock's Wiode J.4und regiment. See: 
Morgan, John to George Washington 1776, April 1. 

Leland, John? Lt. col., 1st regiment of foot guards, Britisli army. See: Allen, John, 
Examination 1780, June 16. 

L'Enfant, Peter Charles. Major of engineers. See: Washington, George to Count de 

Rochambeau 1783, Oct. 29. 
Lengerke's regiment. See: Linsing, Otto Wilhehn von. 
Lenthal, John. See: Blagden & Lenthal. 
Leonard, Henry. Private, capt. John West's company, 1st Virginia regiment. See: 

West, John jr., Return of new recruits 1754. 

Lesley, Alexander. See: Leslie. 

Lesley, Joseph. Deserter from Lord ]Villio)n Schaw Cathrart's legion. Kxamination 

1778, Oct. 31. 
Leslie, Alexander. C>1., 64th regiment, British army. See: White Plains, New York, 

Ijattle of, 1776, Oct. 28. Maj. gen., British army. See: Littel D. to John 

Hendricks 1780, Sept. 6, Sept. 25, Oct. 11, Oct. 13, Oct. 26-27. South 

Carolina, [State] British Forces in, 1781, Aug. 10. 
Lespenard, Anthony? See: New York City, Description of line of canal 17S2. 
Lester, William. See: Virginia, [Colony], Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
LeTouche, Louis Rene etc. See: LaTdUchc Treville. 



"252 INDEX. 

Xewis, Andrew. Capt., 1st Virginia regiment. Return of company 1754, July 9. 
See: Washington, George, List of officers submitted to Robert Dinwiddie 
1755, Aug.-Sept? Major, 1st Virginia regiment. See: Fort Duquesne, Pennsyl- 
vania, Major James Grant's reconnoissance, Return to George Washington 
1758, Sept. 14. Washington, George, List of officers killed etc. at Fort 
Duquesne, Pennsylvania, on Major James Grant's reconnoissance 1758, Sept. 
14. Virginia, [Colony] Council proceedings 1773, Nov. 4. 

Lewis, Charles. Lt., 1st Virginia regiment. See: Washington, George, List of offi- 
cers submitted to Robert Dinwiddie 1755, Aug.-Sept? 

LiBwis, Fielding. See: Washington, George to Bryan, Lord Fairfax 1799, Nov. 30. 

LiBwis, Francis. Chairman, Admiralty board. Continental Congress. Letter to George 
Washington. See: Continental Congress, Admiralty Board to George Wash- 
ington 1780, March 23, May 6, July 11, Aug. 14. 

IiBwis, George. Major. See: Washington, George to Alexander Spotswood 1797, 
Feb. 1. Washington, George to Charles L. Carter 1797, June 10. 

Xiewis, Howell. See: Washington, George to Burgess Ball 1793, July 21. 

Lewis, John. Letter to, See: Washington, George 1794, Sept. 8. 

Lewis, Joshua. Capt., 1st Virginia regiment. Return of company 1754, July 9. 

See: Washington, George, List of officers submitted to Robert Dinwiddie 
1755, Aug.-Sept? 

Lewis, Lawrence. See: Washington, George to Burgess Ball 1793, July 21. Capt., 
light dragoons. See: Washington, 'ieorge to George Washington Lafayette 

1798, Dec. 25. Letter to. See: Washington, George 1799, Sept. 20. 
Lewis, Robert. Letter to, See: Washington, George 1796, March 10, Dec. 19; 

1799, Jan. 23. 

Lewis, Thomas. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Lewis, Thomas jr. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Lewis, Thomas (2d). See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Lewis, William. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Ley, Thomas? Lt., Didchess county militiaF See: New York, [Colony] Dutchess 
County, Committee of Safety to commanding officer at Fort Constitution 
1776, May 17. 

"Liberty." Sloop. See: Hughes, Hugh to George Washington 1776, June 29. 

Lig-htfoot, Richard. See: V^irginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Lighthall, Lancaster. Private, 3d New York regiment. See: Washington, George, 
Pardon 1780, May 26. 

Lincoln, Benjamin. Col. and secretary of Massachusetts General Court. Letter to, 
See: Reed, Joseph 1775, Sept. 7. Member, Committee of Sujjplies of Massa- 
chu.setts. Estimate sent George Washington. See: Massachusetts, [Colony] 
Committee of Supj^lies to George Washington 1775. Maj. gen., Continental 
army. See: Greene, Nathanael, Plan of attack on BrunsM-ick 1777, April. 
Amicus Reipublicae to George Washington 1780, June 1. Washington, 
George, After orders 1781, July 1. Letter to. See: Washington, George. 
1799, March 17. 

Lindo, Elias. London exchange broker. Deed of sale to George Washington. See: 
Mercer, George and others to George Washington 1774, Dec. 12. 

Lindsay, Opie. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Lindsay, Thomas. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Lingerke's Regiment. See: Linsing, Otto ChristianWilhelm von. 



INDEX. 25S 

Iiinsey, Robert. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
Liinsing', Otto Christian Wilhelm von. Lt. col., Ixt regiment, Hessian grenadiers. 

See: German Troops in America, List forwarded to George Washington 

17S0-1. 
liinton, John. Justice of llie peace. Kecord of oath of Robert (irimett. See: Grimett, 

Robert to (Jeorge Washington 1760, Jan. 28. 
Liinton, William. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
Iiippett, Christopher. Vol., M Rhode Island regiment. See: Wasliington, George, 

Memorandum 1776. 
liittel D. Seci-et agent near New York. Information sent to (ieorge Washington 1780, 

July 21-26, July 26. Rough sketch of fortifications of New York sent to 

George Washington 1780, July 26. Letter to John Hendricks 1780, Sept. 

6, Sept. 7, Sept. 25, Sept. 26, Oct. 11, Oct. 18, Oct. 16. See: A Stranger to- 

Elias Dayton 1780, Oct. 17. Letter to John Hendricks 1780, Oct. 24, Oct. 

26, Oct. 26-27, Oct. 28?, Oct.-Nov. See also: Vanderhovern, John. 
Little, :Moses. (hi., IMli Continental infantry. See: Washington, George, Memoran- 
dum 1776. Palfrey, William to Jacob Bayley 1776, March 17. 
Littleton, William Henry, Baron. See: Lyttelton. 
"Liverpool." Britisli )nan. of war at Philadelphia. See: Heard, John, Return to- 

George Washington 1778, June 18. 
Livingston, Henry Beekman. Lt. col., commanding at Fort Constitution. Letter to, 

See: Harrison, Robert Hanson 1776, May 19. 
Livingston, Henry Philip. Lt., capt. Caleb GibUs company, commander in chiefs 

guard. Signature. See: Washington, George, Certificate as to color of cloth 

1778, Oct. 28. 
Livingston, Peter Van Brugh. President, New York Provincicd Assembly. Letter to. 

See: Washington, George 1775, Aug. 10, Aug. 30. 
L.J. Secret agent near New York. Information sent to George Washington 1780,, 

Sept. 6? 
Lloyd, James. Colonel. See: Washington, George to Gustavus Scott 1797, June 19, 

June 24. 
Lloyd, James. United States Senator from Maryland. Letter to. See: Washington, 

(ieorge 1799, Feb. 11. 
Lloyd, Joseph. See: Loydd. 

Lloyd, Richard? Capt., 2d Canadian regiment. See: Washington, George, Regi- 
mental orders 1781, Oct. 25. 
Logan, George. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Logan, Samuel. Major, fdh New York regiment. See: New York, [State] Troops, 
Return of ofiicers 1779, April? 

Lomax, John Edward. See: Washington, George, List of otlicers submitted to- 
Robert Dinwiddie 1755, Aug. -Sept? 

"London." British man-of-war, Rear admiral Thomas (1 raves, commanding. See: Ami- 
cus Reipublicae to George Washington 1780, July 16-19. New York, British 
Forces at, Information respecting, 1780, July 18. 

Loos, Johann August von. Col., Losberg regiment, Hessian troops. See: German' 
Troops in America, List forwarded to George Washington 1780-1. 

Lord, John. See: Hand, Edward, Answers to nineteen questions propounded l)y 
George Washington 1779, May-June? Account of. See: Wasliington, 
George, A sunnuary of intelligence obtained from EdwuT-d Hand 1779,. 
]SIay-June? 



254 INDEX. 

' ' Lord Townshend. " British frigate at Xcir York. See: Littel D. to George AVashing- 
ton 1780, July 24. 

liOrd, . Capt., .^cliooner "Fh/." See: Littel D. to Jolm Hendricks 1780, 

Oct. 24. 

Loudoun, Jolm Campbell, Eai'l. Commander in chief, Britifth forces in America. 
^linutes of meeting forwarded to George Washington 1757, March 15. 

Lovely, Benjamin. Private, capt. Robert Cluggage's conpany, 3d Pennsylvania rifle 
battalion. See: Thompson, William, Return of deserters 1775, Oct. 23. 

L'Overture, Dominique Francois Toussaint. See: Toussaint-L' Overture. 

Low, Isaac. Chairman, Committee of Safety of New York city. Letter to. See: Wash- 
ington, George 1775, Oct. 5. 

Lowden, John. Capt., 1st Continental iyifantry. See: Hand, Edward, Return of 
officers 1776. 

Lowe, John. Private, capt. John West's company, 1st Virginia regiment. See: West, 
John jr., Return of new recruits 1754, June? 

Lowen, John. Deserter from Hessimi yilgers. Examination 1777, June 7. 

Lowery, James. Private, capt. Walter Stenuvi'it company, Isl Virginia regiment. See: 
Fort Duquesne, Pennsylvania, Major James Grant's reconnoissance. Return 
to George Washington 1758, Sept. 14. 

Lowry, John. See: Washington, George, List of officers submitted to Robert Din- 
widdle 1755, Aug.-Sept? 

Lowry, Stephen. Asst. deptdy commissary. Continental army. Estimate of provisions 
1776, Dec. 2. 

Lowry, Stephen and Wharton, Carpenter. Asst. deputy commi.^saries, Continental 
army. Return of provisions 1776, Nov. 29. 

"Loyalist." British man-of-war. See: Culper, Samuel to John Bolton 1780, 
Feb. 27. 

Loydd, Joseph. Private, capt. Oliver Capron's company, col. Ephraim Doolittle's Mas- 
sacliusetts regiment. See: Sullivan, John to George Washington 1775, Oct. 14. 

Lucas, Thomas. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Luce, . Capt. of refugees. See: Culper, Samuel to John Bolton 1780, Nov. 28. 

Ludloe, Gabriel G. See: Ludlow. 

Ludlow, Gabriel G. Col., DeLancey' s battalions. See: Culj^er, Samuel to John Bol- 
ton 1780, Nov. 5, Nov. 28; 1782, July 5. 

Luke, . See: Luce. 

Lusk, William. Lt., 7th Pennsylvania regiment. Petition to George Washington. 
See: McClelan, John and other officers to George Washington 1778, Sept. 15. 

Luzerne, Anne Cesar, Chevalier de la. French minister to the United States. Letter to 
George Washington and the American army 1783, Jan. 10. (Translation.) 
See: Washington, George, Orderly Book 1782-83. 

"Lydia." Sloop, Leivis Clark, master. See: Hughes, Hugh, Return to George Wash- 
ington 1776, June 16. 

Lyne, W . Member of Virginia House of Burgesses. See: Virginia, [Colony] 

Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Lyon, James. Clergyman. Letter to, See: Moylan, Stephen 1776, Feb. 17. Cul- 
per, Samuel to John Bolton 1780, Sept. 1 and 5. 

Lyon, Nathan. Private?, capt. Thomas Williams's company, col. John Paterson's Mas- 
sachusetts regiment or in capt. Jonas Hubbard's company, col. Jonathan Ward's 
Massachusetts regiment. Petition to George Washington. See: Welch, Wil- 
liam and others to George Washington 1775-76. 



INDEX. 255 

Liyon, Stephen. Private?, capt. Thomas Williams^ s comjMny, col. Jolni Patrrso7^'s ifas- 

sachuseUs regiment or in capt. Jonas Hubbard's company, col. Jonatlian Ward's 

Massachusetts regiment. Petition to George Washington. See: Welch, Wil- 
liam and others to George Washington 1775-76. 

Iiyon, . Judge. See: Washington, George to Alliin liawlins 1798, Feb. 12. 

"Lyons." British man-of-war. See: ^Inllen, Daniel ami others. Examination 

1782, Nov. 25. 
Lysle, .[ohn. Letter to John West 1774, May 19. 
Lyttelton, William Henry, Baron Westcote of Balamare. T^ord commissioner of 

the treasury. See: Culper, Samuel to John Bolton 1780, INIarch 13. 
McAlpin, James. See: Washington, George to Clement Biddle 1797, July 3. 
McAnulty, William. See: Virginia, [Colony] Council proceedings 1773, Nov. 4. 
McBride, James. Private, capt. John West's company, 1st Virginia regiment. See: 

AVest, John jr.. Return of new recruits 1754, June? 
McCabe, Henry. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
M'Call, Archibald. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
M'Callum, Daniel. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
McCarty, Daniel. See: Pearson, Simon, Deed of sale to George Washington 1763, 

Feb. 14. Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
McCarty, Dennis. See: Washington, George, List of officers submitted to Robert 

Dinwiddle 1755, Aug. -Sept? 
McCasky, Alexander? Information given to George Washington 1780, June 1? 
McClelan, John. Lt., capt. William Hendrick's company, 1st Continental infantry. 

See: Hand, Edward, Return of officers 1776. 
McClelan, John and others. Officers of the Pennsylvania line. Petition to George 

Washington 1778, Sept. 15. 
McClelan, Thomas. Lt., 3d New York regiment. See: Varick, Richard, ]Memo- 

randum of papers 1781? 
McCloud, John. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
McCobb, Samuel. Caj^t., col. John Nixon's Massaclnm'tts regiment. See: Sullivan, 

John to George Washington 1775, Oct. 14. 
McComack, James. Private, 82d regiment, British army. See: Durie, Thomas, 

Return to George Washington 1781, Oct. 2. 
McConnell, Matthew. Lt., capt. James Grier's company, 1st Continental infantry. 

See: Hand, Edward, Return of officers 1776. 
M'Coull, Neil. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
McCoy, Thomas. Lt., capt. William Bratton's company, 9th Pennsylvania regiment. 

Petition to George Washington. See: McClelan, John and other officers to 

George Washington 1778, Sept. 15. 
McCracken, Joseph. Major, 4th New York regiment. See: New York, [State], 

Troops, Return of officers 1779, April? 
McCrae, . Lt., Maryland provincial troops. See: Washington, George, List 

of killed etc. at Fort Duquesne, Pennsylvania, on INIajor James Grant's 

reconnoissance 1758, Sept. 14. 
McCullam, John. Lt., capt. James Talbot's company, 7th Pennsylvania regiment. 

Petition to George Washington. See: McClelan, John and other officers to 

George Washington 1778, Sept. 15. 
McCuUy, George. Ca])t., 3d Pennsylvania regiment. Petition to George Washing- 
ton. See: McClelan, John and other officers to George Washington 1778, 

Sept. 15. 



256 INDEX. 

McDades, Charles. See: 3IcDavitt. 

McDanial, Alexander. Lt., It. col. William Allen's Fennsylvania loi/alist dragoons^ 

See: Heard, John, Return to George "Washington 1778, June 18. 
McDavitt, Charles. See: Washington, George to Francis Deakins 1799, Jan. 25, 

June 16. 
McDonald, Alexander. Lt., 62d regiment of foot in America. See: Washington, 

George, List of officers killed etc. at Fort Duquesne, Pennsylvania, on 

Major James Grant's reconnoissance 1758, Sept. 14. 
McDonald, Alexander. See: McDanial. 
McDonald, John. Ensign, 62d regiment of foot in America. See: Washington, 

George, List of officers killed etc. at Fort Duquesne, Pennsylvania, on 

Major James Grant's reconnoissance 1758, Sept. 14. 
McDonald, William. Capt., 62d regiment of foot in America. See: Washington, 

George, List of officers killed etc. at Fort Duquesne, Pennsylvania, on Major 

James Grant's reconnoissance 1758, Sept. 14. 
McDonald, . Lt., 62d regiment of foot in America. See: Washington, George, 

List of officers killed etc. at Fort Duquesne, Pennsylvania, on Major James 

Grant's reconnoissance 1758, Sept. 14. 

M'Donit, . Surgeon, 63d regiment of foot in America. See: Washington, 

George, List of officers killed etc. at Fort Duquesne, Pennsylvania, on 
Major James Grant's reconnoissance 1758, Sept. 14. 

McDougall, Alexander. Col., 1st New York regiment. Letter to. See: Washington, 
George 1775, Dec. 4. Moylan, Stephen 1776, March 14. Washington, 
George 1776, May 7. Brig, gen.. Continental army. See: Washington, George, 
Memorandum 1776. Washington, George, Plan for the attack at German- 
town 1777, Oct. 3. Maj. gen.. Continental army. See: Ledyard, I.'-aac to 
Tench Tilghman 1781, May 15? 

M'Dowall, James. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

McDowell, William. Lt.,2d crmipany, 1st Pennstylrania regiment. Petition to George' 
Washington. See: McClelan, John and other officers to George Washing- 
ton 1778, Sept. 15. 

McFarland, Moses. Capt., Inmlid regiment. See: Knox, Henry, Report of V)oard of 
inspection 1783, June 10. 

McFarlane, James. Lt., capt. Thomas Buchanan' s company, 1st Pennsylvania regi- 
ment. Petition to George Washington. See: McClelan, John and other 
officers to George Washington 1778, Sept. 15. 

McFarlin, John. See Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

McGlethry, . Captain of sloop. See: Moylan, Stephen to Jonathan Glover 

1775, Nov. 27. 

McGowan, John. Capt., Invalid regiment. See: Knox, Henry, Report of board of 
inspection 1783, June 10. 

McHenry, James. Assistant secretary to George Washington. Signature. See: Wash- 
ington, George, Certificate as to color of cloth 1778, Oct. 28. Signature. 
See: Washington, George, Certificate as to method 1778, Oct. 28. Secre- 
tary of War. Letter to. See: Washington, George 1797, May 29. 

Mcintosh, Lachlan. General. See: Georgia, [State] Savannah, Citizens, Proceed- 
ings of meeting 1795, July 25. 

McKean, Thomas. Chief justice of Pennsylvania and delegate to Continental Congress 
from Delaivare. See: Flower, Benjamin, Return to George Washington 
1780,' Feb. 22. 



IT^^DEX. 257 

McKendrick, Archibalr^ Cornet and paymaster, It. col. William Allen' s Pennsylvania 
loyalist drai/ouns. See: Heard, John, Eeturn to George Washington 1778, 
June IS. 

McKenzie, Alexander. Lt., 62d regiment of foot in America. See: Washington, 
George, List of officers killed etc. at Fort Duquesne, Pennsylvania, on Major 
James Grant's reconnoissance 1758, Sept. 14. 

McKenzie, Fred. Major, 23d regiment, British army. See: Littel I), to John Hen- 
dricks 1780, Sept. 6. 

McKenzie, Hugh. Capt., 62d regiment of foot in America. See: Washington, 
George, List of officers killed etc. at Fort Duquesne, Pennsylvania, on Major 
James Grant's reconnoissance 1758, Sept. 14. 

McKenzie, Robert. See: Washington, George, List of officers submitted to Rob- 
ert Dinwiddle 1755, Aug.-Sept? 

McKenzie, Roderick. Lt., 62d regiment of foot in America. See: Washington, 
George, List of officers killed etc. at Fort Duciuesne, Pennsylvania, on Major 
James Grant's reconnoissance 1758, Sept. 14. 

McKenzie, William. Lt., 62d regiment of foot in America. See: Washington, 
George, Listof officers killed etc. at Fort Duquesne, Pennsylvania, on ^Nlajor 
James Grant's reconnoissance 1758, Sept 14. 

McKinney, John. Lt., 9th Pennsylvania regimerd. Petition to GeorgeWashington. 
See: ^NlcClelan, John and other officers to George Washington 1778, 
Sept. 15. 

McKinsey, Fred. See McKenzie. 

McKnight, Charles. Surgeon, Continental army. Certificate of physical debility of 
Samuel Legro 1776, April 1. Certificate of illness of Jonathan Draper 
1776, June 13. Certificate of illness of Samuel Thomson 1776, June 13. 
Certificate of illness of Taylor 1776, July 4. 

McKnoll, Joseph. See McNawl. 

McKoy, James. Private, capt. Walter Steicart's company, 1st Virginia regiment. See: 
Fort Duquesne, Pennsylvania, Major James Grant's reconnoissance, Re- 
turn to George Washington 1758, Sept. 14. 

McLaughlan, James. Private, capt. John West's company, 1st Virginia regiment. See: 
West, John jr., Return of new recruits 1754, June? 

McLane, Allen. Capt., col. John Patton' s additional Continental regiment. See: Clough, 
Alexander to George Washington 1778, June 18. 

McLean, Francis. Brig, gen., British army. See: Gosselin, Clement to George Wash- 
ington 1781, Jan. 

M'Mekin, Hugh. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

McMichael, James. Lt., 7th Pennsylvania regiment. Petition to George Washing- 
ton. See: McClelan, John and other officers to George Washington 1778, 
Sept. 15. 

McNab, Archibald. Col., 41st regiment, British Army. See: Littel D. to John 
Hendricks 1780, Oct. 11, Oct. 13. 

McNabb, . Deserter. Examination 1778, Nov. 8. 

McNawl, Joseph. lA.,Gth Continental infantry. Letter to George Washington. See: 
Hayne.<, Aaron and others to GeorgeWashington 1776, April 1. See: Whit- 
comb, Asa, List of officers 1776, April 1. 

McNeill, John. See: Washington, George, List of officers submitted to Robert 
Dinwiddle 1755, Aug.-Sept? 

McNughton, Peter. Deserter. Examination 1778, Nov. 8 
191US— 01 17 



258 INDEX. 

McPherson, James Fitt. Lt., 6th Pennsylvania regiment. .Petition to George "Wash- 
ington. See: McClelan, John and other officers to George Washington 
1778, Sept. 15. 

McPherson, William? Lt., 16th regiment, British army. Examination 1778, Dec. 26. 

Machin, John. Private and deserter from Welsh fnsileers. See: Washington, George, 
Account of killed and wounded in Ministerial army at battle of Bunker Hill 
1775, June-July. 

Mackie, Andrew. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Macklinne, Francis. See: McLean. 

Magaw, Robert. Col., 5th Pennsylvania regiment. See: Washington, George, Memo- 
randum 1776. 

Maga-wr, William. Surgeon, 1st Continental infantry. See: Hand, Edward, Return 
of officers 1776. 

Magnos, Charles. Deserter from guard ship '^Garland." Intelligence obtained from. 
See: Mullen, Daniel and others. Examination 1782, Nov. 25. 

Magruder, . See: Boucher, Jonathan to George Washington 1771? Nov? 

Maine. See: Massachusetts, Maine. 

Malcolm, William. Col.,Neiv York militia. See: Washington, George, Memoran- 
dum 1770. 

Manley, Harrison. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Manley, John. Capt. of Continental armed vessel. See: Moylan, Stephen to Jona- 
than Glover 1775, Nov. 27. Commodore. Letter to. See: Washington, 
George 1776, Jan. 28. 

Manning, Benjamin. Secret agent? See: New York, British Forces at. Information 
respecting, 1780, Aug. 12. 

Manning, Diah. Drum-major, commander in chief's guard. See: Washington, 
George, Return of the commander in chief's guard 1783, March 2. 

Manning, Isaac. Fifer, commander in chief's guard. See: Washington, George, 
Return of the commander in chief's guard 1783, March 2. 

Mansfield, Isaac jr. Chaplain, 6th and 27th Continental infantry. See: Read, Joseph 
and Bailey, John to George Washington 1776, April 2. 

Mansfield, John. Li., 4th Connecticut regiment. See: Hand, Edward, Return to 
George Washington 1781, Oct. 

Mansfield, John. Col., Massachusetts regiment. See: Foster, Gideon, Petition to 
George Washington 1775, Sept. 11. Sullivan, John to George Washington 
1775, Oct. 14. 

Mararity, Dennis. Corporal, commander in chief's guard. See: Washington, 
George, Return of the commander in chief's guard 1783, March 2. 

Marblehead, Massachusetts. See: Massachusetts, [Colony] Marblehead. 

Marbury, William. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

March, John. Ensign, capt. William Hutchin' s company , 3d Neu- Hampshire regiment. 
Petition to George AVashington 1775, Oct. 10. 

Marchinton, Philip. Pennsylvania loyalist. See: Heard, John, Return to George 
Washington 1778, June 18. 

Marcy, John. Capt., 3d Netv Hampshire regiment. See: Sullivan, John to George 
Washington 1775, Oct. 14. 

Margindale, I'hilip. See: Marchinton. 



INDEX. 259 

Marine Committee. See: Continental Congress, INIarine Committee. Also Conti- 
nental Congress, Admiralty Board. 

Markh.am, Barzillai. Ensign, 8th Connecticut regiment. Petition to George Wash- 
ington 1775, Oct. 3. 

Marsh, William. British naval officer a7id prisoner. Petition to George Washington. 
See: Clutterbuck, Christian ^I. and others to George Washington 1776, 
May 5. 

Marshall, Elihu. Lt., capt. Andreio Billings's company, 3d New York regiment. 
See: Nicoll, Isaac, Return to George Washington 1776, Apr, 23-29. 

Marshall, Humphrey. See: Washington, George to Thomas Marshall 1795, 
March 25. 

Marshall, John. Lt., 3d Pennsylvania regiment. Petition to George Washington. 
See: McClelan, John and other officers to George Washington 1778, Sept. 15. 

Marshall, John. Brig. gen. of militia. See: Washington, George to Robert Lewis 
1796, March 10. Letter to, See: Washington, George 1798, Dec. 30. 
ifemher of Congress from Virginia. See: Washington, George to William 
Augustine Washington 1799, May 20. 

Marshall, Thomas. Colonel. Letter to, See: Washington, George 1795, March 
25. See: Washington, George to Alexander Spotswood 1797, Feb. 1. 

Marshall, William. Private, 82d regiment, British army. See: Durie, Thomas, 
Return to George Washington 1781, Oct. 2. 

Martin, Ephraim. Col., Neiv Jersey militia. See: Washington, George, Memoran- 
dum 1776. 

Martin, Thomas C. Inventor. Letter to, See: Washington, George 1798, May 15. 

Martin, Zephania. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Martting, Daniel. Captain. See: Pray, John to George Washington 1782, June 17. 

Maryland. [Province] Troops. See: Washington, George, List of killed, etc. at 
Fort Duquesne, Pennsylvania, on Major James Grant's reconnoissance 1758, 
Sept. 14. [State] Troops, 2d Brigade. See: Scammell, Alexander to George 
Washington 1778, Sept. 5. Legislature. Letter to, See: Washington, 
George to Daniel of St. Thomas Jenifer, President of the Senate and William 
Fitzhugh Speaker of the House of Delegates 1778, Oct. 5. Troops, 2d 
Brigade. See: Scammell, Alexander to George Washington 1779, Oct. 18. 
Annapolis. Account of arrival and entertainment of George Washington 
1783, Dec. 26. 

Marvin, Seth. Lieut., capt. Thomas MoffaCs company. Orange county, Neiv York, 
minute men. See: Nicoll, Isaac, Return to George Washington 1776, 
Apr. 23-29. 

Maskil, Thomas. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Maskill, . Sergtf, 4th Continental dragoons. See: Heard, John, Return to 

George Washington 1778, June 18. 

Mason, George. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Mason, Jeremy. Private, capt. Richard Shortridge's company, 2d New Hampshire 
regiment. See: Sullivan, John to George Washington 1775, Oct. 14. 

Mason, Philip. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Mason, . Colonel. See: Washington, George to William B. Jackson 1799, 

April 10. 



260 INDEX. 

Massachuse'^'.ts. [Colony] Committee of Safety. Letter to, See: Reed, Joseph: 
1775, July 17. Ships seized for the Colony. See: Davis, Joshua to George 
Washington 1775, July 27. General Court. Letter to, See: Washington, 
George 1775, Aug. 5, Aug. 11, Aug. 15. President of the Council. See: 
Otis, James. President and Council. Letter to. See: Washington, George 
1775, Sept. 4. Council Committee. Letter to. See: Moylan, Stephen 1775, 
Nov. 4. Washington, George 1775, Nov. 24. Committee of Supplies. Esti- 
mate of supplies furnished the Massachusetts forces 1775. General Court. 
Letter to George Washington 1775. [State] Troops, 4th brigade. See: Scam- 
mell, Alexander to George Washington 1779, Aug. 28. Invalid troops. 
See: Jennings, Daniel and others. Petition to George Washington 1789, 
Oct. 28. [Colony'\ Arundel, Committee. Letter to. See: Randolph, Edmund 
1775, Oct. 30. [State] Boston. List of cannon at, 1776. Vote of Commit- 
tee on reception of the President 1789, Oct. 17? Boston, Selectmen. See: Reed, 
Joseph to John Scollay 1775, Oct 23. Letter to George Washington 1789, 
Oct. 21. Request to President W^ashington 1789, Oct. 27. See also: Chapel 
Church, Boston. [Colony] Bristol, Committee of Safety. Letter to. See: 
Reed, Joseph 1775, Oct. 20. Dedham, Committee of Safety. Letter to, 
See: Moylan, Stephen 1775, Nov. 4. [Maine] Falmouth. See: Jones, 
Pearson, Deposition 1775, Oct. 16. [Maine] Falmouth, Committee. Letter 
to. See: Washington, George 1775, Oct. 24. See: Washington, George to 
Enoch Moody 1775, Nov. 6. Gloucester, Committee. See; Massachusetts, 
[Colony] Salem and Gloucester Committee. Marhlehead, Inhabitants. 
Letter to (jeorge Washington 1775, Sept. 21. Newburyport, Committee 
of Safety. Letter to. See: Moylan, Stephen 1775, Jan. 28, No". 10. See: 
Robert Hanson Harrison to Jonathan Jackson 1776, Jan. 20. Letter to. 
See: Moylan, Stephen 1776, Jan. 27. Northampton, Committee of Safety. 
Letter to, See: Washington, George 1775, Aug. 1^. Harrison, Robert 
Hanson 1775, Nov. 16; 1776, Jan. 24. Plymouth, Committee of Safety. Letter 
to, See: Reed, Joseph 1775, Oct. 13, Oct. 20. Salemand Gloucester, Committee. 
Letter to, See: Reed, Joseph 1775, Oct. 4. Salem, Committee of Safety. 
Letter to. See: Moylan, Stephen 1775, Dec. 5. Springfield, Committee of 
Correspondence. Letter to George Washington 1775, Oct. 2. Letter to. 
See: Moylan, Stephen 1776, Feb. 9. Watertoivn, Committee of Supplies. 
Letter to. See: Reed, Joseph 1775, July. Westfield, Selectmen. Certificate 
to George Washington. See: Bundy, Peter to George Washington 1775, 
Oct. 13. 

Mastin, William. Private, commander in chief's guard. See: Washington, George, 
Return of commander in chief's guard 1783, March 2. 

Mathaus, J . Major, Wolhvarth's Hessian regiment. See: German Troops 

in America, List forwarded to George Washington 1780-1. 

Mathew, Edward. Maj. gen., British army. See: Littel, D. to George Washington 

1780, July 21. Culper, Samuel to John Bolton 1780, Aug. 16. 
Matlie-ws, David. Mayor of New York. See: Brooks, David to Tench Tilghman 

1781, May 15. 
Matis. See Mathaus. 

Matson, John. Lt., capt. Henry Miller's company, 1st Continental infantry. See: 

Hand, Edward, Return of officers 1776. 
Matthews, David. See: Mathews. 
Matthews, Edward. See: Mathew. 
Maury, James. London merchant. Letter to, See: Washington, George 1796, 

Dec. 5. 



INDEX. 261 

Maxwell, Hugh. C'apt.,coI. WllUnm Prcxfoti'.'^ ^[<l.m(druM•ftn rcr/immt. See: Prcscott, 
William to George Washington 1775, Dec. 9. 

Maxwell, William. Bri'j.gtn., Confininitiil <iniii/. Endorsement toGeorge Washington 
of petition from regimental captains. See: Brarly, Joseph to George Wash- 
ington 1776, Dec. 20. See: Greene, Nathanael, Plan of attack on Brunswick 
1777, April. Washington, George, Plan for the attack at Germantown 
1777, Oct. 3. Sullivan, John to George Washington 1777, Dec. 10. 
Fitzgerald, John to John Sullivan 1777. Pickering, Timothy to George 
Washington 1778, Jan. 10. Washington, George, General orders 1778, 
June 11. Washington, George, Return of troojjs 1779, Aug? Scammell, 
Alexander, Return to George Washington 1780, June 20. Washington, 
George, Memorandum of New Jersey militia 1780, June. 

May, Jesse. See: Virginia, [Colony] Council proceedings 1773, Nov. 4. 

May, John. See: Blair, John to George Washington 1773. 

May, ]\Iartin. Private, capt Thomas Bullitt's company, 1st Virgmia regiment. See: 
Fort Duquesne, Pennsylvania, Major James Grant's reconnoissance, Return 
to George Washington 1758, Sept. 14. 

May, . See: Fosters & May. 

Maynard, Nathaniel. Lt., capt. TJiaddeus Russell's company, col. Jonatltan Breiver's 
Ma.'isarhtisetts regiment. Petition to George Washington 1775, Sept. 18. 

Maynard, William. Lt., Invalid regiment. See: Knox, Henry, Report of board of 
inspection 1783, June 10. 

Meacham, George. ^l.s'.s'^ coynmissary general of clothing. Continental army. See: 
Washington, George, Extract from instructions 1779, July? 

Meade, Richard Kidder. Lt. col. and aid de camp to Washington. See: Continental 
Congress, Resolve 1778, Oct. 22. Signature. See: Washington, George, 
Certificate as to color of cloth 1778, Oct. 28. See: Washington, George, 
Intelligence from deserters 1778. 

Meals, John. See: Mercer, George and others. Deed of sale to George Washington 
1771. Dec. 12. 

Mease, James Clother-general, Continental army. See: Continental army. Form 
of warrant 1776. 

Mebane, Robert. IJ. col. , 1st North Carolina regiment. Letter to George Washington 
See: Clarke, Thomas and others to George Washington 1778, June 12. 

Medor, . Clergyman. See: Washington, George to Tobias Lear 1796, 

Nov. 16. 

Mentges, Francis. Lt. col., 5th Pennsylvania regiment. See: AVashingt on, George to 

Count de Rochambeau 1782, Feb. 23. 
Menzies, Charles. Major, commandant Arnold's corps, British army. See: Bissel, 

Daniel, Information obtained 1782, Oct. 
Mercer, George. Capt., 1st Virginia regiment. Two returns of company 1754, July 9. 

See: Washington, George, List of officers submitted to Robert Dinwiddie 

1755, Aug. -Sept? 
Mercer, George. See: Virginia, [Colony] Council proceedings 1773, Nov. 4. 

Deed,of sale to George Washington 1774, Dec. 12. 
Mercer, Hugh. Brig, gen.. Continental army. Letter to. See: Washington, George 

1776, July 4. 

Morcer, James. Member of Virginia House of Burgesses. See: Virginia, [Colony] 
Articles of association 1770, June 22. Attorney-at-lau\ Deed of sale to 
George Washington. See: Mercer, George and others to George Wa.shing- 
ton 1774, Dec. 12. 



262 INDEX. 

Mercer, John. Lt., 1st Virginia regiment. See: "Washington, George, List of officers 

submitted to Eobert Dinwiddie 1755, Aug. -Sept? 
Mercer, John Francis. Letter to. See: Washington, George 1794, ]\Iarch 10. 

See: Washington, George to Lund Washington 1794, Nov. 19. 
"Mercury." British man of war. See: Boston Harbor, British ships in, 1775, 

Oct. 28. 

Meriweather, . See: Washington, George, List of officers submitted to 

Robert Dinwiddie 1755, Aug. -Sept? 

Merrill, Daniel. Lt. ,18th Continental infantry. See: Varnum, James Mitchell to 
George Washington 1776, May "10. 

Merselis, Nicholas. Master, sloop ^'Fly." See: Hughes, Hugh to George Washington 
1776, May 31. 

Mersereau, John. Secret agent near New York. Information sent to George Wash- 
ington 1780, May 6. Letter to George Washington 1780, May 10. See: 
Amicus Reipublicae to George AVashington 1780, May 17. Information 
sent to George Washington 1780, May 20, May 27, July 18, Sept. 11. 

Metcalf, Jeremiah. Private, capt. Jonas Hubbard's company, col. Jonathan Ward's 
Massachusetts regiment. See: Foster, Isaac to John Morgan 1776, June 25. 

Meyers, . Capt. and supt. of Potomac Navigation Company. See: Washington, 

George to Tobias Lear 1796, Feb. 15. 

Meyers. See also: Myer. 

Mifflin, Thomas. Col. and quartermaster general, Continental army. Return of in- 
trenching tools 1776, Feb. 27. Bi'ig. gen.. Continental army. Letter to. See: 
Carey, Richard 1776, July 2. See: Lee, Charles to George Washington 
1778, June 2. 

Mighill, Thomas. Capt., col. Samuel Gerrish's Massachusetts regiment. Petition to 
George Washington. See: Sawyer, Ezekiel and others to George Washing- 
ton 1775, Oct. 9. 

Miller, Charles. See: Chapel Church, Boston, Vote of Wardens 1789, Oct. 18. 

Miller, Godfrey. Deserter? See: Heard, John, Return to George Washington. 
1778, June 18. 

Miller, Henry. Capt., 2d Pennsylvania rifle battalion. See: Thompson, William, 
Return to George Washington 1775, Oct. 23. 

Miller, Henry. Capt., 1st Continental infantry. See: Hand, Edward, Return of 
officers 1776. 

Miller, Philip. Private, DeLancey's battalions. Examination. See: Washington, 
George 1778. 

Miller, Robert. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Mills, Amasa. Lt. , 2d Connecticut regiment. Remonstrance to Joseph Spencer. See: 
Connecticut, [Colony] Troops, 2d regiment. Remonstrance of officers 
1775, July 26? 

Mills, Daniel. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Mills, James. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Mills, John. Ensign, 6th Continental infantry. Letter to George Washington, See: 
Haynes, Aaron and others to George Washington 1776, April 1. See: 
Whitcomb, Asa, List of officers 1776, April 1. 

Milner, Nathaniel. See: Washington, George, List of officers submitted to Robert 
Dinwiddie 1755, Aug.-Sept? 

Mingerotli. See: Minnigerode. 



INDEX. 263 

Minnig'erode von, . Li. col., 3d Heman grenadiers. See: German Tronpg in 

America, Lis^t forwarded to George Washington 1780-1. 
Minns, William. See: Washington, George to the President of the Council of ^las- 

sachusetts 1775, Aug. 17. 
Minor, George? Letter to, See: Washington, George 1794, Ajiril 13. 
Mississippi Company. Virginia. Articles of association 1763, June 3. 
Mitchel, Reaps. -'^I'lyt., cminiKUhUr in chiefs guard. See: Washington, George. 

Eeturn of the coiuTnander in chief's guard 1783, March 2. 
Mitchel, . Col., Massaclm.^etf.^ in ilitia. See: Jacobs, John, Return to William 

Heath 1780, Aug. 12. 

Mitchell, Edward. Col. and agent for tlie purcJuiiie of arms. Receipt to, See: 
Cheever, Ezekiel 1776, March 5. Account with George Washington 

1776, March 30. 

Mitchell, George. See: Mercer, George and others, Deed of sale to George Wash- 
ington 1774, Dec. 12. 

Mitchell, Henry. See Mercer, George and others. Deed of sale to George Washing- 
ton 1774, Dec. 12. 

Mitchell, Richard. Meinber of Virginia House of Burgesses. See: Virginia, [Colony] 
Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Mitchell, AVilliam. Deserter from 71st light infantrg, British army. Examination 

1777, Jan? 

Moffat, Thomas. CapL, Orange county, Neiv York, minute men. See: Nicoll, Isaac, 
Return to George Washington 1776, Apr. 23-29. 

"Mohawk." Sloop. See: Hughes, Hugh to George Washington 1776, May 25. 
Mollohon, Charles. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
Monro, George. Capt.,62d regiment of foot, in Amenca. See: Washington, George, 

List of officers killed etc. at Fort Duquesne, Pennsylvania, on Major James 

Grant's reconnoissance 1758, Sept. 14. 

Monro, Henry. See: Munro. 

Monroe, John. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
Monroe. See also: Munro. 

Montg-omery, John. Private, commander in chiefs guard. See: Washington, George, 
Return of the commander in chief's guard 1783, March 2. 

Montgomery, Richard. Late brig, gen.. Continental army. Letter to. See: Wash- 
ington, George 1776, Jan. 12. See: Goulet, Jean to George Washington 
1781, Jan. Gosselin, Clement to George Washington 1781,. Jan? 

Moody, Enoch. Chairman of Committee of Falmouth. Letter to. See: Washington, 
George 1775, Nov. 6. 

Moody, James? Lt., 1st New Jersey volunteers. See: Littel D. to John Hendricks 
1780, Oct. 24, Oct. 28? 

Moore, Jonathan. Private, commander in chief's guard. See: Washington, George, 
Return of commander in chief's guard 1783, March 2. 

Moorfield, . Brit isli dragoon. See: Pray, John to George Washington 1782, 

June 17. 

Moreheads, Gaspere. Private, capt. John We.'st's company, 1st Virginia regiment. See: 
West, John jr.. Return of new recruits 1754, June? 



264 INDEX. 

Morgan, Daniel. Capt. of Virginia riflemen. Letter to, See: Washington, George 
1775, Oct. 4. Col., 11th Virginia regiment. See: Tilghman, Tench tu Jolm 
Sullivan 1777, June 14. Lee, Charles to George Washington 1778, June 2. 
Brig, gen., Continental army. See: South Carolina, [Stats] British Forces in, 
1781, August 10. 

Morgan, Ephraim. Commissary?, Continental (irmi/. See: Continental army. Cattle 
for, 1777, Dec? 

Morgan, John. Director-general, Continental hospital. See: Sullivan, John, Pro- 
ceedings of a court of inquiry 1775, Sept. 9. Eeconimendation to George 
Washington. See: McKnight, Charles, Certificate 1776, April 1, Jiuie 13. 
Letter to. See: Foster, Isaac 1776, June 25, June 29. Recommendation to 
George Washington. See: McKnight, Charles, Certificate 1776, July 4. 

Morgan, Ralph. Private, 1st Rhode Island regiment. Letter to. See: Varnum, 
James Mitchell 1775, Dec. 5. 

Morris, Gouverneur. See: Washington, George to Count de Rochambeau 1788, 
Nov. 27. Minister 2)lenipotentiary from United States to France. Letter to, 
See: Washington, George 1793, Sept. 1; 1795, Dec. 22; 1796, March 4; 1799, 
May 26. 

Morris, Lewis jr. Lt. col., Continental army. See: Washington, George to Edward 
Hand 1780, Nov. 

Morris, Robert. Delegate from Pennsylvania to Continental Congress. See: Conti- 
nental army. Cattle for, 1777, Dec? Clough, Alexander to George Wash- 
ington 1778, June 18. Superintendent of finance. See: Washington, George 
10 Count de Rochambeau 1782, Feb. 12, Feb. 23. 

Morris, William? Capt-lt., 4^d regiment, BritisJt army. See: Littel D. to John Hen- 
dricks 1780, Sept. 26. 

Morris, William (2d). See: Washington, George to Tobias Lear 1794, May 6. 
Morriss, Zachariah. See Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
Morristown, New Jersey. INIarch of army from. See: Washington, George, De- 
tailed route for army 1777, July. 

Morse, Henry. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Morse, Jedidiah. Clergyman. Letter to, See: Washington, George 1799, May 26. 

Morse, Joshua. Private?, capt. Thomas Williams's company, col. John Paterson's regi- 
ment or in capt. Jonas Hubbard's company, col. Jonathan Ward's Massachusetts 
regiment. Petition to George Wasliington. See: Welch, William and others 
to George Washington 1775-76. 

Mosel, John. See: Georgia, [State] Savannah, Citizens, Proceedings of meeting 
1795, July 25. 

Moseley, Edward Hack jr. Member of Virginia House of Burgesses. See: Virginia, 
[Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Moseley, John. Selectman of Westfield, Massachusetts. Certificate to George Wash- 
ington. See: Bimdy, Peter to George Washington 1775, Oct. 13. 

Moss, Thomas. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Moultrie, William. Brig, gen., Continental army. See: Washington, George to 
Count de Rochambeau 1782, Jan. 14, Feb. 21. 

Mountfield, Thomas. See: Mercer, George and others, Deed of sale to George 
Washington 1774, Dec. 12. 

Moxley, Thomas. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 



INDEX. 265 

Moylan, Stephen. Secretary to Washington. Letters written ])y Moylan under 
Washington's authority will he found in the first division of this calendar in 
chronological arrangement. 

Moylan, Stephen. Muder-master general, Continental army. Letter to, See: Reed, 
Joseph 1775, Oct. 7. See: Reed, Joseph to John Glover and Stephen 
Moylan 1775, Oct. 11. Reed, Joseph 1775, Oct. 15. Washington, George 
to John Glover and Stephen Moylan 1775, Oct. 16. Secretary to Washingto)t. 
Letter to. See: Harrison, Robert Hanson 1776, Jan. 20. Col. and quarter- 
master general, Continental army. See: Drummond, James?, Lord to George 
Washington 1776, Aug. 19. Col., 4th Continental dragoon.^. See: Heard, 
John, Return to George Washington 1778, June 18. 

Mughlenberg, Peter. See: Muhlenberg. 

Muhlenberg', Peter. Brig, gen.. Continental army. See: Sullivan, John to George 
Washington 1777, Dec. 10? Pickering Timothy to George Washngtou 
1778, Jan. 10. Lee, Charles, Opinion of board of officers 1778, June 2. 
Scammell, Alexander to George Washington 1778, Sept. 5; 1779, Aug. 28; 
1780, March. 

Muir, John. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Muirson, Heathcout. Secret Agent. See: Culper, Samuel t<> John Bolton 1780, 
March 11-13. 

Muirson?, Richard. Secret Agent. Letter to, See: S. G. 1781, July 8. 

Mullen, Daniel and others. De.^crter.9 from guard ship ^'Garla^id.^' Examination 
1782, Nov. 25. 

Munford, Robert "t*/ Mecklenburg." Member of Virginia House of Burgesses. See: 
Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Munro, Henry. Lt., 6-^d regitnent of foot in America. See: Washington, George, 
List of oflicers killed etc. at Fort Duquesne, Pennsylvania, on Major James 
Grant's reconnoissance 1758, Sept. 14. 

Munro. See also: Monro. 

Murfree, Hardy. Major, 2d North Carolina regiment. Letter to George Washington. 
See: Clark, Thomas and others to George Washington 1778, June 12. 

Murphey, Robert. See: Virginia, [Colony] Council proceedings 1773, Nov. 4. 

Murphy, Charles. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Murray, John. Capt. , King'' s dragoons. See: Culper, Samuel to John Bolton 1782, 
July 5. 

Murray, Richard. Private, capt., John WesVs company, 1st Virginia regiment. See: 
West, John jr.. Return of new recruits 1754, June? 

Murray, William Vans. See: Vans Murray. 

Muse, Battaile. See: Washington, George to Robert Lewis 1796, March 10. 
Washington, George to John W. Bronaugh 1796, Nov. 13. 

Muse, George. See: Virginia, [Colony] Council proceedings 1773, Nov. 4. 
Muse, George? Colonel. See: AVashington, George to John W. Bronaugh 1796, 
Nov. 13. 

Musg-rove, Thomas. Brig, gen., British army. See: Washington, George to Edward 
Hand 1780, Nov. 

Myer, Michael. Private, capt. George Xagle's company, 2d Pennsylrania rifle battal- 
ion. See: Thompson, William, Return of deserters 1775, Oct. 23. 

Myer. See also: Meyera. 



266 INDEX. 

Nagel, George. See: Nagle. 

Nagle, George. Capt., 3d Pennsylvania rife haitaUon. See: Thompson, William, 
Return of deserters 1775, Oct. 23. Col., 10th Pennsylvania regiment. See: 
Washington, George, General orders 1778, June 11. 

"Nancy." British store-shi]), Robert Hunter, master. Invoice of stores 1775, July 
26. See also: Harrison, Robert Hanson, Invoice of stores 1775, Nov. 30. 

Napp, Jhomas. See: Virginia, [Colony] Council proceedings 1773, Nov. 4. 

Narragansett Bay. Rhode Island. Description of. See: Putnam, Rufus to 
George Washington 1776, Jan. 7. 

Nash, Francis. Brig, gen., Continental army. See: Washington, George, Plan for 
the attack at Germantown 1777, Oct. 3. 

Navy Board, Middle District. See: Hopkinson, Francis and Wharton, John. 

Navy, Colonial. See: Reed, Joseph, List of armed vessels at Salem, Marblehead, 
and Plymouth 1775, Oct. 29. 

Neilson, John Brig, gen., Neiv Jersey militia. See: Washington, George, Memo- 
randum of New Jersey militia 1780, June. 

Nelson, Henry. Lt., caj^t. Tlioraas MighilVs company, col. Samuel Gerrish's Massa- 
chusetts regiment. Petition to George Washington. See: Sawyer, Ezekieland 
others, to George AVashington 1775, Oct. 9. 

Nelson, James. See Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Nelson, John. See: Neilson, John. 

Nelson, Thomas jr. Member of Virgiyna House of Burgesses. See: Virginia, [Col- 
ony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Nelson, . Report to George Washington. See: Tupper, Benjamin; Roche- 

fontaine, Bechet de and Nelson to George Washington 1783, January? 

Neville, Presley. Colonel. See: Washington, George to James Ross 1794, June 16. 
Letter to. See: Washington, George 1794, June 16; 1796, April 16. 

Newburyport. Massachusetts. See: Massachusetts, [Colony] Newburyport. 

Newcomb, Silas. Col., New Jersey militia. See: Washington, George, Memoran- 
dum 1776. 

Newhall, Ezra. Capt., col. John Mansfield's Massachusetts regiment. See: Sullivan, 
John to George Washington 1775, Oct. 14. 

Newhall, Wilson. Private, capt. Addison Richardson's company, col. John MaiufieUVs 
Massachusetts regiment. See: Sullivan, John to George Washington 1775, 
Oct. 14. 

New Hampshire, [Colony] Portsmouth, Committee of Safety. Letter to, See: 
Moylan, Stephen 1776, Jan. 28. 

New Jersey, JState] Troops, Militia. See: Washington, George, Memorandum 
of New Jersey militia 1780, June. Morristomi. March of army from. See: 
Washington, George, Route for the army 1777, July. 

Newkirk, Charles. Capt-lt., 2d Xeiv York regiment. See: New York, [State] 
Troops, Return of officers 1779, April? 

New London. Connecticut. See: Connecticut, [Colony] New London. 

Newman, William. Private, capt. John Baker's company, col. John Mansfield's Massa- 
chusetts regiment. See: Sullivan, John to George Washington 1775, Oct. 14. 

Newton, Thomas. Colonel. Letter to, See: Washington, George 1795, Sept. 23. 

Nevrton, Thomas jr. Member of Virginia House of Burgesses. See: Virginia," 
[Colony] Articles of association 1770, Jime 22. Letter to. See: Washing- 
ton, George 1795, May 24. 



INDEX. 267 

New York. [Colony] Congress. Letter to, See: Washington, George 1775, 
Aug. 8, Oct. 13, Nov. 16. Committee of Safety. Extract from minutes 
1776, May 1. President of Congress. Letter to, See: Washington, George 
1776, June 27. Reed, Joseph 1776, June 28. [State.] Letter to. See: 
Washington, George 1776, July 14. Committee of Safety . Report on arrange- 
ment of officers of four battalions 1776, Nov. 21? Troops. Arrangement 
of officers of four battalions 1776, Nov. 21. Committee of Safety. Letter to 
George Washington 1776, Nov. 23. Troops. Officers, Return made to 
George Washington 1779, April? Dutchess County. Committee of Safety. 
Letterto Isaac Nicoll 1776, May 17. Orange County. Committee of Safety. 
Letter to. See: Washington, George 1776, July 14. 

New York City. Committee of Safety. Information sent to George Washington 1775. 
Sundry luludjitants of. Memorials to George Washington. Sec: Leaycraft, 
Richard and others, and Sears, Isaac and others to George Washington 1776, 

July 9-14. Brilisli Forces at, Information respecting. See: Trech, 

Examination 1778, Oct. 31. McNughton, Peter, Examination 1778, Nov. 8. 
McPherson, William, Examination 1778, Dec. 26. Information sent tO' 
George Washington 1779, Dec. Culper, Samuel to John Bolton 1780, March 
11-13, March 13, March 28, April 5, April 18, April 23. Mersereau, John to 
George Washington May 6, May 10. Amicus Reipublicae to George Wash- 
ington 1780, May 17. Mersereau, John to George Washington 1780, May 
20. Secret Information sent to George Washington 1780, May 27. Mersereau, 
John to George Washington 1780, May 27. Amicus Reipublicae to George 
Washington 1780, June 1. McCasky, Alexander? to George Washington 
1780, June 1. Secret Information sent to George Washington 1780, June 4? 
Amicus Reipul)licae to George Washington 1780, June 24, June 28-30, 
June 30, July 16, July 16-19. Secret Information sent to George Washing- 
ton 1780, July 18. Mersereau, John to George Washington 1780, July 18. 
Amicus Reipublicae to George Washington 1780, July 19. Littel D. to 
George Washington 1780, July 21-26, July 26. Amicus Reipublicae to 
George Washington 1780, July, Aug. 1. Culper, Samuel jr. to William 
Floyd 1780, Aug. 6. Culper, Samuel to John Bolton 1780, Aug. 7. Secret 
Information sent to George Washington 1780, Aug. 12, Aug. 13. Culper, 
Samuel to John Bolton 1780, Aug. 16. Culper, Samuel jr. to John Bolton 
1780, Aug. 17. Culper, Samuel to John Bolton 1780, Aug. 27, Sept. 1 and 
5. Littel D. to John Hendricks 1780, Sept. 6. L. J. to George Washing- 
ton 1780, Sept. 6. Littel D. to John Hendricks 1780, Sept. 7. Merse- 
reau, John to George Washington 1780, Sept. 11. Littel D. to John Hen- 
dricks 1780, Sept. 25, Sept. 26. Secret Information sent to (ieorge Wash- 
ington 1780, Sept. 27? Culper, Samuel to John Bolton 1780 Oct. 8. 
Tallmadge, Benjamin to George Washington 1780, Oct. 11. Littel D. to 
John Hendricks 1780, Oct. 11. Amicus Reipublicae to George Washington 
1780, Oct. 13. Littel D. to John Hendricks 1780, Oct. 13, Oct. 16. Hen- 
dricks, John to George Washington 1780, Oct. 17. A Stranger to Elias 
Dayton 1780, Oct. 17. A Stranger to George Washington 1780, Oct. 23. 
Littel D. to John Hendricks 1780, Oct. 24. Culper, Samuel to John Bolton 
1780, Oct. 26. Littel D. to John Hendricks 1780, Oct. 26, Oct. 26-27, Oct. 
28? Oct-Nov. Culper, Samuel to John Bolton 1780, Nov. 5. Vanderhovern, 
John to George Washington 1780, Nov. 6. Culper, Samuel to John Bolton 
1780, Nov. 28. Projected attack on. See: Washington, George to Edward 
Hand 1780, Nov. Information resjjecting. See: Culper, Samuel to John 
Bolton 1780, Dec. 12, Dec. 24. Brewster, Caleb to Capt. "G— d" 1781, 
Jan. 13. Culper, Samuel to John Bolton 1781, May 19. Operations against. 
See: Washington, George, Estimate of troops necessary 1781, May 22. 



268 INDEX. 

New York City — Continued. 

Attack upon. Troops to be used etc. 1781? June? British forces at, Informa- 
tion respecting. See: Secret information sent to George Washington 1781, 
July 3-7. Culper, Samuel to John Bolton 1781, July 7. S. G. to Rich- 
ard Muirson 1781, July 8. S. G. to Benjamin Tallmadge 1781, July 15. 
S. G. to John Bolton 1781, July 30. Secret information sent to George 
Washington 1782, Feb. 6. Washington, George, Estimate of British 
troops 1781? July- Aug? Secret information sent to George Washington 
1782, Jan. 8. Culper, Samuel to Caleb Brewster 1782, May 5. S. G. to 
John Bolton 1782, May 23. L. G. to George Washington 1782, May 30 
[June 3]. S. G. to John Bolton 1782, June 3, June 28. Culper, Samuel 
to John Bolton 1782, July .5. British and foreign corps at Neiv York City and 
its dependencies. See: Tilghman, Tench to George Washington 1782, Oct. 
British Forces at. See: Secret information sent to George Washington 1782. 
List of guards in 1872. Canal. Description of line of, 1782. 

New York and Charleston. British forces at. See: Tilghman, Tench to George 
Washington 1782, Dec. 

Nichol. See: Nicholas, Nicholl, Nichols, and Nicolls. 

Nicliolas, Noah. Capt., col. Benjamin Flower^ s artillery and artificer regiment. See: 
Flower, Benjamin, Return to George Washington 1780, Jan. Feb. 22. 

Nicholas, Robert Carter. Member of Virginia House of Burgesses. See: Virginia, 
[Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Nichols, Francis. Lt., capt. William HendricFs company, 1st Continental infantry. 
See: Hand, Edward, Return of officers 1776. 

Nichols, Robert. Lt., col. Jonathan Breivefs artificer regiment. See: Washington, 
George, A return of artificer regiment 1776, Aug.. 4. 

Nicholson, George. Private, 7th regiment, British army. See: Durie, Thomas, 
Return to George Washington 1781, Oct. 18. 

Nicholson, James. Capt., Continental frigate " Trninhnll." See: Continental Con 
gress, Admiralty Board to George Washington 1780, Aug. 14. 

Nicola, Lewis. Col., Iiir(did regiment. See: Washington, George, Extracts from 
general orders 1783, April 3. Letter to George Washington. See: Hunt- 
ington, Jedidiah; Van Cortlandt, Philip and Nicola, Lewis to George Wash- 
ington 1783, May 27. 

NicoU, Isaac. Col., Neuj York militia, commanding at Fort Conxtitntion. Letter to, 
See: Harrison, Robert Hanson 1776, April 28, May 4. 

Nicolls, Moses. Col., Xeiv Hampsltire militia. See: Washington, George, ]\Iemoran- 
dum 1776. 

Nicolson, John. " Late acting as lieutenant-colonel of the reginwnt under command of 
Colonel James Clinton in the Northern department." Memorial to George 
Washington 1776, June 12. Col., 4th New York regitnent.^ See: Copp, John 
to George Washington 1779, May 16. 

Nigh, . Lt., Massachusetts militia. See: Jacobs, John, Return to William 

Heath 1780, Aug. 12. 

Nightingale, . See: Clarke & Nightingale. 

Nix, Cornelius. Private, 1st New Jersey regiment. See: Washington, George, Pardon 
1780, May 26. 

Nixon, John. Col., Massachusetts regiment. See: Sullivan, John, Proceedings of a 
court of inquiry 1775, Sept. 9. Sullivan, John to George Washington 
1775, Oct. 14. Brig, gen., Continental army. See: Scammell, Alexander to 
George Washington 1778, Sept. 5; 1779, Aug. 28. 



INDEX. 269 

Nixon, Thomas. Col., 4th Continental i)if(intrtj. See: Washiniiton, George, Memo- 
randum 1776. 

Noel, Casper. Private, Prince Hereditary regiment, Hessian troops. See: Durie, 
Thomas, Return to George Washington 1781, Oct. 18. 

Noel, John Y. See: Georgia, [State] Savannah, Citizens, Proceedings of meeting 
1795, July 25. 

Norcross, Aaron? Comnmsaryf, Continental arm y. See: Continental army, Cattle for, 
1777, Dec? 

Norcross, Aaron (2d). Lt., capt. Charles Craig's company, 1st Pennsylvania regiment. 
Petition to George Washington. See: McClelan, John and other officers to- 
George AVashington 1778, Sept. 15. 

"Norfolk." Prize. See: Moylan, Stephen to William Watson 1776, March 11. 

Norris, . See: Washington, George to Bryan, Lord Fairfax 1799, Nov. 30. 

Northampton. Massachusetts. See : Massachusetts, [Colony] Northampton. 

' ' North Britain. " Prize. See: Moylan, Stephen to William Bartlett 1775, Nov. 10. 

North Carolina, [State] Troops. See: Scammell, Alexander to George Washing- 
ton 1778, Sept. 5. Field officers. Letter to George Washington. See : 
Clark, Thomas and others to George Washington 1778, June 12. Brigade. 
See: Scammell, Alexander to George Washington 1779, Aug. 28. See also: 
The Carolinas. 

Norton, John? Hatley? See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, 
June 22. 

Norton, Thomas. Lt., 2d Pennsylvania regiment. Petition to George Washington. 
See: McClelan, John and other officers to George Washington 1778, Sept. 15. 

Norwood, Edward. Capt., 4th Maryland regiment. See : Washington, George, 
General orders 1778, June 11. 

Nudd, Samuel. Private, capt. Richard Shortridge's company 2d New Hampsliire regi- 
ment. See: Sullivan, John to George Washington 1775, Oct. 14. 

Nutter, John. Lt., col. Jonathan Brewer's artificer regiment. See: Washington, 
George, A return of artificer regiment 1776, Aug. 4. 

Oates, Elijah Private, capt. Benjamin TitcomV s company, 2d Xeu' Hampshire regiment. 
See: Sullivan, John to George Washington 1775, Oct. 14. 

O'Daniel, James. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

O'Flin, . Captain. Letter to. See: Washington, George 1798, April 15. 

Ogag'hsagig'hte. Chief, Cnguairaga Lndians. See: Indians, Cognawaga Nation, 
Talk with (reorge Washington 1776, Jan. 31. 

Ogden, ^latthias. Col., 1st New .Tersey regiment. See: Vanderhovern, John to George 
Washington 1780, Nov. 6. See: New York City, List of guards in 1782 

O'Hara, Charles. Col., Britisli army and inuj. gen., Hessian troops. See: South Caro- 
lina, [State] British Forces in, 1781, Aug. 10. 

Ohio, [Territory] Sandusky, Indian Conference. See: Washington, George to Charles 
Thomson 1793, Jan. 31. 

Oldham, James. Private, 82d regiment, British army. See: Durie, Thomas, 
Return to George Washington 1781, Oct. 2. 

Olife, . Capt., trading vessel. See: Washington, (Jeorge to Neil Jameison 

1771, June 4. 

Oliver, Joseph. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
Olney, Stephen. Capt., 1st Rhode Inland regiment. See:''Hand, Edward, Return to 
George AVashington 1781, Oct. 



270 INDEX. 

Oneal, Charles. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Orange County, New York. See : New York, [Colony] Orange County. 

D' Or iliac, . Le Chevalier and others. Letter to George Washington 1776, 

Aug. 6. 

Osborn, Edward. Meynber of Virginia House of Burgesses. See: Virginia, [Colony] 
Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Ostlew, George. Private, 82d regiment, British army. See: Durie, Thomas, Return 
to George Washington 1781, Oct. 2. 

Otis, James. Col. and xiresident of Council of Massachusetts. Letter to, See: Wash- 
ington, George 1775, Aug. 7, Aug. 17, Aug. 29. Reed, Joseph 1775, Oct. 
24? See: Moylan, Stephen to Committee of Massachusetts Council 1775, 
Nov. 4. Letter to, See: Washington, George 1775, Dec. 10. 

Owens, John J. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Paca, William. Governor of Maryland. See: Maryland, [State] Annapolis, Account 
of arrival and entertainment of George Washington 1783, Dec. 26. 

Page, Aaron. Private, capt. Wiiithrop Rowers company, 2d New Hampshire regiment. 
See: Sullivan, John to George Washington 1775, Oct. 14. 

Page, John. See: Washington, George to Sir Philip Rootes 1799, Jan. 5. 

Page, John jr. Member of Virginia House of Burgesses. See: Virginia, [Colon}'] 
Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Pain, Benjamin. See: Payne. 

Paine, Robert Treat. Member of Massachusetts Council. See: Heath, William to 
George Washington 1780, Aug. 13. 

Paine. See also: Payne. 

Painter, Edward. Private, capt. Walter Steivart's company, 1st Virginia regiment. See: 
Fort Duquesne, Pennsylvania, Major James Grant's reconnoissance. Return 
to George Washington 1758, Sept. 14. 

Palfrey, William. Agent for Continental armed vessels. Letter to, See: Harrison, 
Robert Hanson 1775, Dec. 4. 

Palfrey, William Lt. col. and aid de camp to Washington. Letter to Jacob Bayley 
1776, March 7. Paymaster-general, Continental atmy. Unsigned order to. 
See: Cook, Robert, Payroll of officers 1776, Oct. 

Palmer, Henry. Master of sloop ^^ Liberty^ \ See: Hughes, Hugh to George Washing- 
ton 1776, June 29. 

Parish, . See: Washington, George to Clement Biddle 1799, Jan. 20. 

Parke, John. Lt., 1st Rhode Island regiment. Petition to George Washington 1775, 
Aug. 22. 

Parke, John. Lt. col., col. Jonathan Brewer^ s artificer regiment. See: Washington, 
George, A return of artificer regiment 1776, Aug. 4. 

Parke, Theophilus. Lt., col. Benjamin Flower^ s artillery and artificer regiinent. Peti- 
tion to George Washington. See: McClelan, John and other officers to 
George Washington 1778, Sept. 15. Capt., Flower^ s regiment. See: Flower, 
Benjamin, Return to George Washington 1780, Feb. 22. 

Parke. See also: Parks. 

Parker, David. Letter to. See: Moylan, Stephen 1775, Nov. 4. 

Parker, James. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Parker, Jonathan. Lt., 2d Connecticut regiment. Remonstrance to Joseph Spencer. 
See: Connecticut, [Colony] Troops, 2d regiment, Remonstrance of officers 
1775, July 26? 



INDEX. 271 

Parker, Richard. See: Mississippi Company, Articles of association 1763, June 3. 

Parkinson, Richard. Letter to, See: Washington, George 1797, Nov. 28. See: 
AVashington, George to James Anderson 1798, Nov. 1. 

Parks, Andrew. Letter to, See: Washington, George 1796, April 7. 

Parks, Elisha. Selectman of Westfield, Massadiusetts. Certificate to George Washing- 
ton. See: Bundy, Peter to George Washington 1775, Oct. 13. 

Parks, Frederick. Private, commander-in-chief's guard. See: Washington, George, 
Return of the commander-in-chief's guard 1783, March 2. 

Parks, John. Private, col. George Washington'' s company, 1st Virginia regiment. See: 
Fort Duquesne, Pennsylvania, Major James Grant's reconnoissance, Return 
to George Washington 1758, Sept. 14. 

Parks. See: Parke. 

Parr, James. IJ., ca])t. Jolni Lorvden's company, 1st Continodal infantry. See: Hand, 
Edward, Return of officers 1776. 

Parrott, Daniel. Private, capt. Thomas Bidlitt's company, 1st Virginia regiment. See: 
Fort Duquesne, Pennsylvania, Major James Grant's reconnoissance. Return 
to George Washington 1758, Sept. 14. 

Parsons, Charles. Capt., 1st New York regiment. See: New York, [State] Troops, 
Return of officers 1779, April? 

Parsons, Samuel Holden Brig, gen., Continentcd army. See: Scammell, Alexander 
to George Washington 1778, Sept. 5; 1779, Aug. 28. Maj. gen.. Continental 
army. See: Washington, George, After orders 1781, July 1. 

Parsons, Samuel Holden and others. Officers of 2d brigade, Continental army. Ad- 
dress to George Washington • 1776, June 29. 

Parsons, Stephen. Private, capt. Elisha Woodbury's company, 1st Neiu Hampshire 
regiment. See: Sullivan, John to George Washington 1775, Oct. 14. 

Paterson, James Private, capt. Henry Miller's company, 2d Pennsylvania rifle battal- 
ion. See: Thompson, William, Return of deserters 1775, Oct. 23. 

Paterson, James. Col., 63d regiment, British army. See: Culper, Samuel to John 
Bolton 1780, Aug. 16. 

Paterson, John. Col., Massachusetts regiment. See: Heath, William to George 
Washington 1775, Nov. 25. Petition to George Washington. See: Welch, 
William and others to George Washington 1775-6. Brig, gen.. Continental 
army. See: Sullivan, John to George Washington 1777, Dec. 10? Lee, 
Charles to George Washington 1778, June 2. Scammell, Alexander to 
George Washington 1778, Sept. 5; 1779, Aug. 28. 

Patten, John. See: Patton. 

Patterson, . Captain. See: Cheever, Ezekiel to George Washington 1776, 

Jan. 30. 

Patterson, Samuel. Brig, gen., Delaware militia. See: Pickering, Timothy to 
George Washington 1778, Jan. 10. Lee, Charles, Opinion of board of 
officers 1778, June 2. Col., Continental army and brig, gen., militia. See: 
Washington, George, A summary of intelligence ol)tained from Edward 
Hand 1779, May-June? Cox, James? and Patterson, Samuel, Answ'era to 
nineteen questions propounded by George Washington 1779, May-June? 
Washington, George, Sixteen questions propounded to James Cox and 
Samuel Patterson 1779, May-June? 

Patterson. See: Paterson. 



272 INDEX. 

Patton, John. "Late" Col., one of the additionul Continental regiments. See: Wash- 
ington, George, General orders 1778, June 11. Heard, John, Return 
to George Washington 1778, June 18. Col., 2d North Carolina regiment. 
Letter to George Washington. See: Clark, Thomas and others to George 
Washington 1778, June 12. 

Patton, John. Private, commander in chief's guard. See: Washington, George, Re- 
turn of the commander in chief's guard 1783, March 2. 

Patton, Robert. Lt., 10th Pennsylvania regiment. Petition to George Washington. 
See: McClelan, John and other oflBcers to George Washington 1778, 
Sept. 15. 

Pau, William. Private, commander in chief's guard. See: Washington, George, Re- 
turn of commander in chief's guard 1783, March 2. 

Pauling, Henry. See: Pawling. 

Pawling-, Albert. Col., New York levies. See: Washington, George, Memorandum 
1776. 

Pawling, Henry. Lt., rapt. JoJrn Belknap's company, '2nd New York regiment. See: 
Nicoll, Isaac, Return to George Washington 1776, Apr. 23-29. 

Payne, Benjamin. Member of Hartford Committee of Safety. See: French, Christo- 
pher to George Washington 1775, Sept. 18. 

Payne, Edward. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Payne, Joseph. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
■ Payne, Sanford L? See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Payne, AVilliam? See: Pearson, Simon, Deed of sale to George Washington 1763, 
Felx 14. 

Payne, William. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Payson, Edward. Private, capt. Thomus MighiU's company, col. Samuel Gerrish's 
MassacJiusetts regiment. Petition to George Washington. See: Sawyer, 
Ezekiel and others to George Washington 1775, Oct. 9. 

Peacliy, William. See: AVashington, George, List of officers submitted to R<)1)ert 
Dinwiddle 1755, Aug. -Sept? 

Pearce, William. Manager. See: Washington, George to George? Minor 1794, 
April 13. Washington, George to Tobias Lear 1794, May 6. Washington, 
George to Lund Washington 1794, Nov. 19. Washington, George to Robert 
Lewis 1796, March 10. Washington, George to Tobias Lear 1796, Nov. 16. 
Washington, George to Fosters & May 1798, May 7. 

"Pearl." British man-of-war. See: Mersereau, John to George Washington 1780, 
May 20. Amicus Reipublicae to George Washington 1780, Oct. 13. 

Pearson, Simon. Deed of sale to George Washington 1763, Feb. 14. See: Vir- 
ginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Peave, Benjamin. Private, capt. Addison Richardson' s company, col. John Mansfield's 
3fassac}um'tts regiment. See: Sullivan, John to George Washington 1775, 
Oct. 14. 

Pell, Samuel Tread well. Capt., 2d. New York regiment. See: New York, [State] 
Troops, Return of officers 1779, April? 

Pemberton, Robert. Lt., col. David Forman's additional Coniinental regiment. See: 
Forman, David to George Washington 1778, March 28. 

Pendergrass, Derby. Iron merchant. See: Ballendine, John to George Washing- 
ton 1760, Jan. 24. 



INDEX. 273 

Pendleton, Edmund. Member of Virginia House of Burgesses. See: Virginia, 
[Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. Washington, George to 
All)in Rawlins 1798, Feb. 12. 

Pendleton, James. Private, It. col. Jolin Graves Simcoe^s Queen's rangers. See: 
Ili'anl. John, Return to George Washington 1778, June 18. 

Pening-ton, Tliomas. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 

Pennsylvania, [Province.] Committee of Safety. Letter to George W^ashington 
1775, Aug. 17. Troops. See: Fort Duquesne, Pennsylvania, Major James 
Grant's reconnoissanoe 1758, Sejat. 14. ^d battalion of riflemen. See: 
Thompson, William, Return of deserters 1775, Oct. 2?,. 1st, 2d and 8d battal- 
ions. See: Washington, George, Memorandum 177(). [State] TVoojus. 2d 
brigade. See: Scammell, Alexander to George Washington 1778, Sept. 5. 
Officers of the line. Petition to George Washington. See: McClelan, John 
and other officers to George Washington 1778, Sept. 15. 2d brigade. See: 
Scammell, Alexander to George Washington 1779, Aug. 28. 1st brigade. 
See: Scammell, Alexander to George Washington 1779, Oct. 18. 10th reg- 
iment. See: Washington, George to different corps commanders 1780, Jan. 
22. See: Flower, Benjamin, Return to George Washington 1780, Jan., 
Feb. 22. 1st brigade. See: Scammell, Alexander, Return to George Wash- 
ington 1780, June 20. 2d brigade. See: Scammell, Alexander, Return to 
George Washington 1780, June 20. [Province] Philadelpliia. Council of 
Colonial Governors at. See: Loudoun, John Camp))e]l, Earl, ^linutes 
taken at a meeting of Governors 1757, March 15. Philadelphia, Coiitmlttee 
of Safety. Letter to. See: Washington, (Tcorge 1775, Aug. 24. Philadel- 
jthia_. British Forces at. See: Philadelphia. 

Pennsylvania Canal Company. See: Washington, George to John Jameson 1795, 
Feb. 15. 

Pennsylvania, (The) Packet or the General Advertiser. W^ashington's coi)y, 
1775, July ;>!, containing list of killed and \vounde<l at Bunker Hill. 

Perkins, Nathaniel. Private, capt. Jonathan Wentworth' s company, 2d N^etv Hauipshlre 
regiment. See: Sullivan, John to George Washington 1775, Oct. 14. 

Perkley, Jacob. Private, capt. .lohii WesVs company, 1st Virginia regiment. See: 
West, John jr., Returji of new recruits 1754, June? 

Perry, David. Lt., 8th company, 3d Connecticut regiment. Petition to (Teorge Wasli- 
ingt<jn 1775, Sept. 6? 

Perry, Franklin. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Perry, James. Ex-rapt., 28th Massachusetts regimeyd. See: Sargent, Paul Dudley 
and Austin, Jonathan Williams to George Washington 1776, Aug? 

Perry, Joseph. Lt., 6th Continental infantry. Letter to George Washington. S(>e: 
Haynes, Aaron and others to George Washington 1776, April 1. Whit- 
comb, Asa, List of officers 1776, April 1. 

Perry, Thomas. Boatsivain' s mate, armed galley ^^Lady Washington. " See: ('ook, 
Robert, Payroll of officers 1776, Sept. 

Perry, William. Private, capt. Elisha Woodbury' s company, 1st Xeir llampshin' rigl- 
ment. See: Sullivan, John to George Washington 1775, Oct. 14. 

Perry, . See: Washington, George to Daniel of St. Thomas Jenifer 1797, 

May [June?] 7. 

"Perseus." British man-of-ivar at Neio York, ('apt. George Keith Klphlngston. See: 
New York, British Forces at, Information respecting, 1779, Dec. 

19108—01 18 



274 INDEX. 

Peter, Thomas. Letter to, See: Washington, George 1794, Aug. 31. See: Wash- 
ington, George to Gustavus Scott 1797, June 19. Washington, George to 
Samuel Davidson 1798, INIarch 2. Washington, George to George Wash- 
ington Lafayette 1798, Dec. 25. Letter to, See: Washington, George 1799, 
May 5. 

Peter, Walter. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Peters, Daniel. Private, capt. Oliver Capron' s company, col. Ephraim Doolittle^ s Massa- 
chusetts regiment. See: Sullivan, John to George Washington 1775, Oct. 14. 

Peters, Thomas? Col., British army. See: Canada, Intelligence 1780? Jan? 

Peters, . See: ISew York City, Description of canal 1782. 

Petit, Charles. See: Pettit. 

Pettibone, Abel. Capt., 2d Connecticut regiment. Remonstrance to Joseph Spencer. 
See: Connecticut, [Colony] Troops, 2d regiment. Remonstrance of officers 
1775, July 26? 

Pettibone, Jonathan. Ensign, 2d Connecticut regiment. Remonstrance to Joseph 
Spencer. See: Connecticut, [Colony] Troops, 2d regiment. Remonstrance 
of officers 1775, July 26? 

Pettigell, Joseph. See: Baker, John, Petition to George Washington 1775, 
Sept. 14. 

Pettit, Charles. Asst. quartermaster gen., Continentcd army. See: Tilghman, Tench, 
Draft of information and questions for a council of war 1778, Oct. 16. 

Pettus, Thomas. Member of Virginia House of Burgesses. See: Virginia, [Colony] 
Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Peug-li, Sanmel. Private, It. col. Adam Stephen's company, 1st Virginia regiment. 
See: Fort Duquesne, Pennsylvania, Major James Grant's reconnoissance, 
Return to George Washington 1758, Sept. 14. 

Peyton, Francis. Member of Virginia House of Burgesses. See: Virginia, [Colony] 
Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Philadelphia, British Forces at. Secret Information sent to George Washington 
1777, Nov. 17. See: Pennsylvania, [Province] Philadelphia. 

Philips, John. Sergt., commander in chief's guard. See: AVashington, George, 
Return of the commander in chief's guard 1783, March 2. 

Phillips, Joseph. Col., 1st regiment, Hunterdon county. New Jersey, militia. See: 
AVashingtoii, George, Memorandum 1776. See: Washington, George, 
Memorandum of New Jersey militia 1780, June. 

Phinney, Edmund. Col., Massachusetts regiment. See: Washington, George to 
James Warren 1775, July 23. Letter to. See: Washington, George 1775, 
Nov. 6. Col., 9th Continental infantry. See: Varnum, James Mitchell to 
George Washington 1776, Maj^ 10. Heath, William to George Washington 
1775, Nov. 25. 

Pickard, John. Private, Capt. Tlumias MighiU's company, col. Samuel Gerrish's Mas- 
sacJeusetts regiment. Petition to George Washington. See: Sawyer, Ezekiel 
and others to George Washington 1775, Oct. 9. 

Pickard, Jonathan. Private, Capt. Thomas MighiU's company, col. Samuel Gerrish's 
Massachusetts Regiment. Petition to George Washington. See: Sawyer, 
Ezekiel and others to George Washington 1775, Oct. 9. 

Pickering, John. Chairman of Committee of Safety of Salem. Letter to. See: 
Moylan, Stephen 1775, Dec. 8. 



INDEX. 275 

Pickering', Timothy jr. Col. and chairman of Committee of Safety of Salemf Letter 
to, See: Moylan, Stephen 1775, Dec. 6. Washington, George 1776, Feb. 1. 
Col. and adjutant general, Continental army. Return to George Washington 
1778, Jan. 10. Col. and quartermaMer general, Continental army. Letter to 
George Washington 1782, Oct. 15. Report to George Washington. See: 
Steuben, Frederick William; Knox, Henry; Hand, Edward and Pickering, 
Timothy, Report to George Washington 1783, June 25. Secretary of State 
of the United State.i. See: Washington, George to Tobias Lear 1796, Feb. 15. 
Letter to. See: Washington, George 1799, Feb. 10, Feb. 15, March 20. See: 
Washington, George to J. F. Ramnitz 1799, INIarch 20. Scott, Gustavus; 
Thornton, William and White, Alexander to George Washington 1799, 
Sept. 2. 

Pierce, John. Paymaster-general, Continental army. See: Washington, George to 
William Woodford 1778, Sept. 19. 

Pierce. See: Pearce. 

Pierpont, . See: Reed, Joseph to Samuel West 1775, Oct. 17. 

Pierre, . Colonel. -See: Ray, to Washington 1782, April 27. 

Pigrot, Hugh. Vice-admiral, British navy. See: Mullen, Daniel and others. Exami- 
nation 1782, Nov. 25. 

Pike, Thomas. Sergt., capt. Tliornas MighilVs company, col. Samuel Gerrislt's Massa- 
chusetts regiment. Petition to George Washington. See: Sawyer, Ezekiel 
and others to George Washington 1775, Oct. 9. 

Pinckney, Charles Cotesworth. Maj. gen., United States army. See: Washington 
George to John Marshall 1798, Dec. 30. Washington, George to William 
Washington 1799, March 31. Letter to, See: Washington, George 1799, 
March 31, June 5. 

Pinckney, Thomas. Minister plenipotentiary of United States to Great Britain. Letter 
to, vSee: Washington, George 1793, Sept. 1. Member of Congress from South 
Carolina. See: Washington, George to Charles Cotesworth Pinckney 1799, 
3Iarch 31. Washington, George to William Washington 1799, March 31. 

Pinkney, Robert. Account against John Parke Custis 1771, Nov. -Dec. 

Pinkstone, John. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Pinkstone, William. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Pintard, John M. Letter to. See: Dandridge, Bartholomew 1795, April 14. 

Piper, Harry. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Pitts, John. Member, Committee of Supplies, Massachusetts colony. Estimate sent to 
George Washington. See: Massachusetts, [Colony] Committee of Supplies 
to George Washington 1775. 

Plase, Ebenezer. Private, capt .Samuel McCobb's company, col. John Nixon's Massa- 
chusetts regiment. See: Sullivan, John to George Washington 1775, Oct. 14. 

Plymouth, Massachusetts. See: Massachusetts, [Colony] Plymouth. 

Pollard, Benjamin. Lt., 6th Continental infantry. Letter to George Washington. 
See: Haynes, Aaron and others to George Washington 1776, April 1. See: 
Whitcomb, Asa, List of officers 1776, April 1. Capt. , col. Jonathan Brewer' s 
artificer regiment. See: Washington, George, A return of artificer regi- 
ment 1776, Aug. 4. 

Poison, John. See: Washington, George, List of officers submitted to Robert Din- 
widdle 1755, Aug. -Sept? 

Pond, Oliver. Capt., col. Joseph Read' s Massachusetts regiment. See: Langdon, Sam- 
uel to George Washington 1775, Oct. 28. 



276 INDEX. 

Pool, . British secret agent in Neiv York. See: Amicui? Reipiiblicae to George- 
Washington 1780, Aug. 1. A Stranger to Elias Dayton 1780, Oct. 17. 

Poor, Enoch. Col., 2d Neiv Hampshire regiment. See: Sullivan, John, Proceed- 
ings of a court of inquiry 1775, Sept. 9. Sullivan, John to George Wash- 
ington 1775, Oct. 14, Oct?, Nov. 29. Brig, gen., Continental army. See; 
Pickering, Timothy to George Washington 1778, Jan. 10. Lee, Charles to 
George Washington 1778, June 2. Scammell, Alexander to George Wash- 
ington 1778, Sept. 5. Washington, George, Return of troops 1779, Aug? 
See: Washington, George to William Woodford 1779, Nov. 25. 

Porter, Elisha. Member, Committee of Supplies, Massachusetts colony. Estimate sent to- 
George Washington. See: Massachusetts, [Colony] Committee of Supplies 
to George Washington 1775. 

Porter, AVilliam. See: ]\Iercer, George and others. Deed of sale to George Wash- 
ington 1774, Dec. 12. 

Portland, Maine. See: Massachusetts, [Maine] Falmouth. 

Portsmouth., New Hampshire. See: New Hampshire, Portsmouth. 

Posey, Hanson. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Post, Anthony. Capt., col. Jonathan Brewer's artificer regiment. See: Washington,. 
George, A return of artificer regiment 1776, Aug. 4. 

Post, John. Commissary f, Continental army. See: Continental army. Cattle for,. 
1777, Dec? 

Poston, Elias. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
Poston, Elijah. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
Poston, Francis. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
Potter, James. Brig, gen., Pennsybxinia militia. See: Fitzgerald, John to John 
Sullivan 1777, July? 

Potomac Navigation Company. See: Washington, George to John Fitzgerald 
1793, Aug. 11. Washington, George to Tobias Lear 1796, March 13. Wash- 
ington, George to Gustavus Scott 1798, Jan. 8. 

Po-wall, Levin? Colonel. See: Washington, George to John W. Bronaugh 1796,. 
Nov. 13. 

Powell, Elisha. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Powell, William. Private, 2d Rhode Island regiment. See: Washington, George,. 
General orders 1778, June 11. 

Poythress, Peter. Member of Virginia House of Burgesses. See: Virginia, [Colony] 
Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Pray, John. Capt., 1st Massachusetts regiment. Letter to George Washington 1782,. 
June 17. 

Prentice, Samuel. Major, 10th Continental infantry. Address to George Washing- 
ton. See: Parsons, Samuel Holdenand others to George Washington 1776, 
June 29. 

Prentis, John. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Prescott, Elisha. Pnvate, capt. Winthrop Roive's company, 2d Xew Hampshire regi- 
ment. See: Sullivan, John to George Washington 1775, Oct. 14. 

Prescott, James. Member, Committee of Supplies, Massachusetts colony. Estimate sent 
to George Washington. See: Massachusetts, [Colony} Committee of Supplies 
to George Washington 1775. 



INDEX. 277 

Prescott, William. Col., Maf^sachvsetts regiment. See: Heath, William, Retm-n to 
(Teorge Washington 1775, Nov. 25. Col., Massaehu.'ietlH regiment. Letter to 
George Washington 1775, Dec. 9. Col., 7t}i Continental infantry. See: 
Washington, George, Memorandum 1776. 

Prescutt, J^lisha. See: Presfott. 

"Preston." British JIag-.thip in Boston Harbor. Suggestions by a secret agent regard- 
ing seizure of, 1775, Oct. 28. Plan of attack on. See: Boston Harbor, Brit- 
ish ships in, 1775, Oct. 28. 

Prew, Charles. See: Reed, Joseph to the Committee of Safety of Massachusetts 
1775, July 17. 

Price, Leonard. See: Washington, George, List of officers submitted to Robert 
Dinwiddle 1755, Aug. -Sept? 

Price, Sir Uvedale. Letter to. See: Washington, George 1799, Feb. 5. 

Pride, James. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Prince, Asa. Capt., col. John Mansfield's Massachusetts regiment. See: Sullivan, John 
to George Washington 1775, Oct. 14. 

Prisoners, British. Examination of. See: Bissett, James 1777, Ajjril 16. Driver, 
Joseph 1777, April 16. McPherson, William 1778, Dec. 26. Allen, John 
1780, June 16. Lasick, Ludwig 1780, June 16. 

Pritchett, Griffes. Deserter from H. M. S. ''Lyon.'' Intelligence obtained from. 
See: Mullen, Daniel and others, Examination 1782, Nov. 25. 

Proctor, Thomas. Col., 4th Continental artillery. See: Heard, John, Return to 
George Washington 1778, June 18. 

Pug-h, Jonathan. Lt., Invalid regiment. See: Knox, Henry, Report of board of 
inspection 1783, June 10. 

Purdie, Alexander & Dixon, John. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 
1770, June 22. 

Purdie, George. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Pusig-nan de, . Captain. See: Washington, George to Count de Rochambeau 

1785, Sept. 7. 

Putnam, Enoch. Capt., col. John MansfiekVs Massachusetts regiment. See: Sullivan, 
John to George Washington 1775, Oct. 14. 

Putnam, Israel. Maj. gen.. Continental army. Letter to, See: Reed, Joseph 1775, 
July 13. See: Reed, Joseph to Massachusetts Committee of Supplies 1775, 
July 16? Remonstrance to Joseph Spencer. See: Connecticut, [Colony] 
Troops, 2d regiment, Remonstrance of officers 1775, July 26? See: Reed, 
Joseph to Thomas? Wharton 1775, Sept. 3. Perry, David, Petition to 
George AVashington 1775, Sept. 6? Greene, Nathanael, Plan of attack on 
Brunswick 1777, April. 

Putnam, Israel. Private, Capt. Asa Prince's company, col. JoJin Mansfield's Massa- 
chusetts regiment. See: Sullivan, John to George Washington 1775, Oct. 14. 

Putnam, Israel, jr. Major and aid de caynp to maj. gen. Israel Putnam. See: Storrs, 
Experience to George Washington 1775, Nov. 11. See: Foster, Isaac, Cer- 
tificate 1775, Nov. 12. 

Putnam, Rufus. Lt. col., col. David Brewer's Massachusetts reginwut. Endorsement 
of petition. See: Bundy, Peter, Petition to George Washington 1775, Oct. 
13. Table of distances from Gridley's Point, etc. 1775, Nov. 14. Table of 
distances from Leachmore's Barn, etc. 1775, Nov. 16. Lt. col., 22d Conti- 
vental infantry. A description of "Narra Gansett" bay 1776, Jan. 7. See: 
Harrison, Robert Hanson to Henry Babcock 1776, March 4. Brig, gen.. 
Continental army. See: Walker, Benjamin to Horatio Gates 1783, Feb. 16. 
Washington, George to James H. Craig 1796, Feb. 13. Lettert to. See: 
Washington, George 1796, Feb. 13. 



278 INDEX. 

Pynchon, William jr. Lawyer, Springfield, Massachusetts. Letter to, See: Massa- 

t'liusetts, [Colony] Springfield, Committee of Correspondence to George 

Washington 1775, Oct. 2. 
Quehan, Paul. Private, It. col. Adam Stephen^ s company , 1st Virginia regiment. See: 

Fort Duquesne, Pennsylvania, Major James Grant's reconnoissance, Return 
. to George Washington 1758, Sept. 14. 

Ralil's Regiment. See: German Troops in America, List forwarded to George 

Washington 1780-1. 
"Rainbow." British man-of-war at Neiv York, Capt. H. Trollope? See: New York, 

British Forces at, Information respecting, 1779, Dec; 1780, July 18. Litte! 

D. to John Hendricks 1780, Sept. 25. A Stranger to George W^ashington 

1780, Oct. 23. 
"Raisonable." British man-of-war at New York, capt. Lord Herveyf See: Xew 

York, British Forces at, Information respecting, 1779, Dec. 
Ramnitz, J. F. Druggist near Berlin. Letter to. See: Washington, George 1799, 

:\Iarch 20. 
Ramsay, Patrick. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
Ramsay, William. See: Pearson, Simon, Deed of sale to George Washington 1763, 

Feb. 14. Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. Adam,, 

Robert and Carlyle & Dalton to George Washington and John West 1774,. 

May 16. 
Ramsey, Nathaniel. Lt. col., 3d Maryland regiment. See: Culper, Samuel to John 

Bolton 1780, Feb. 27, ]March 11-13. Washington, George to Gustavus 

Scott 1797, June 24. 
Randall, .John. Capt., 1st Rhode Island regiment. Petition to George Washington 

1775, Aug. 22. 
Randolph, Edmund. Aid de camp to Washington. Letter to Committee of Arundel, 

Massachusetts 1775, Oct. 30. Letter to Ephraim Bowen, jr. 1775, Oct. 31. 

Secretary of State, United States. See: Washington, George to Tobias Lear 

1794, May 6. Washington, George to Lund Washington 1794, Nov. 19. 
Randolph, Peyton. Member of Virginia House of Bargesses. See: Virginia, [Colony] 

Articles of association 1770, June 22, Delegate from Virginia to First Conti- 
nental Congress. See: Harrison, Benjamin; Randolph, Peyton and Bland, 

Richard, Authorization to George Washington 1774, Oct. 24. 
Randolph, Richard. Member of Virginia House of Burgesses. See: Virginia, [Coloiiy] 

Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
Randolph, Thomas Mann. Member of Virginia House of Burgesses. See: Virginia, 

[Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Rankin, . Captain. See: Littel D. to John Hendricks 1780, Oct. 24. 

Rankine, Alexander. Private, capt. Thomas Bullitt's company, 1st Virginia regiment 

See: Fort Duquesne, Pennsylvania, Major James Grant's reconnoissance, 

Return to George W^ashington 1758, Sept. 14. 
Ratchford, Hugh. Private, capt. John West's company, 1st Virginia regiment. See: 

West, John jr.. Return of new recruits 1754, June? 
RatlifF, Thomas. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
Raul, See: Rahl. 
Rawdon, Francis, Lord. Lt.col. commanding the "Irish Volunteers". See: McPher- 

son, William, Examination 1778, Dec. 26. Culper, Samuel to John Bolton 

1780, April 5. Lt. col. commanding "British Forces in the Carolinas." See: 

New York, British Forces at. Information respecting, 1781, July 3-7. 

Washington, George to Count de Rochambeau 1782, Jan. 14, Feb. 21. 



INDEX. 279 

Rawlins, Albin. Letter to, See: Washington, George 1798, Jan. 81, Feb. 12. See: 
Washington, George to James Anderson 1798, Jnne 11. 

Rawlins, Joiin. Prirate, capt. Benjamin Shortridge' s coinpuny, 2d Neiv Ilampaliire 
regiment. See: Sulhvan John to (jeorge Washington 1775, Oct. 14. 

Ray, . Secret agent in Canaddf Information sent to George Washington 

1782, April 27. 

Read, Isaac. Member of Virginia House of Burgesi^es. See: Virginia, [Colony] Arti- 
cles of association 1770, June 22. 

Read, Joseph. Col., 20th Matisachusetts regiment. See: Southworth, Jedidiah to 
George Washington 1775, Sept. -29. White, Nehemiah to George Wash- 
ington 1775, Oct. 20. Langdon, Samuel to George Washington 1775, 
Oct. 28. 

Read, Joseph and Bailey, John. Colonels, 13th and. 23d Coniinental inftntnj respec- 
tively. Letter to (ieorge Washington 1776, April 2. 

Redman, . Capt., col. John Fedton's additioncd. Continental reginn-nt. See: 

Washington, George, General orders 1778, June 11. 

Reed, Abraham. Capt., 1st New Hampshire regiment. See: Sullivan, .John to (ieorge 
Washington 1775, Oct. 14. 

Reed, James. Col. , 3d New Hampshire regiment. See: Sullivan, John, Proceedings 
of a court of inquiry 1775, Sept. 9. Sullivan, John to George Washington 

1775, Oct. 14. Col., 2d Continental infantry. See: Washington, George, 
Memorandum 1776. 

Reed, Joseph. Lt. col. and military secretary to WasJiington. ' Letters written by 
Reed under Washington's authority will be found in the first division of this 
calendar in chronological arrangement. 

Reed, Joseph. Lt. col. and military secretary to Washington. List of armed vessels 
forwarded to George Washington 1775, Oct 29. President, Supreme Execu- 
tive Council of Pennsylvania. See: Stewart, Charles, Answers to questions 
propounded by George Washington 1779, May- June? 

Reed, Richard. A return of corn, oats, etc. 1776, April 3. 

Reed, . See: Washington, George to Francis Deakins 1799, June Ki. 

Reed & Ford, Bankers. Letter to. See: Washington, George 1797, Manh 81. 
See: Washington, George to Gustavus Scott 1797, June 12, June 19, June 24. 

Reed. See: Read and Reid. 

Reese, John. Capt., 2d Pennsylvania regiment. See: Foster, Isaac to .Tohn Morgan 

1776, June 29. 

Reeves, Richard. Prisoner, 43d regiment, British army. Kxaniination. Sci': Allen, 

John and others, Examination 1780, June 16. 
Regnier, Pierre. See: Roussi, Pierre Regnier de. 
Reid, George. . Lt. col., 2d New Hampshire regiment. See: Washington, George, After 

orders 1781, July 1. 
Reid, James Randolph. Major, 2d Canadian regiment. See: Washington, George, 

Extracts from general orders 1783, April 8. Huntington, Jedidiah; Van 

Cortlandt, Philip and Nicola, Lewis to George Washington 1783, ]\Iay 27. 

Heath, William to George Washington 1783, June 24. Washington, (Jeorge 

to general officers 1783, June 24. 
Reid, John. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
Reiley, John. Capt., hivalid regimoit. See: Knox, Henry, Rep(jrt of bt)ard of 

inspection 1783, June 10. 
Reiley. See: Riley. 



280 INDEX. 

"Renown." British man-of-ivar at Neir York, capt. J. Henry. See: New York, 
British Forces at, Information respecting, 1779, Dec. Amicus Reipublicae 
to George Washington 1780, June 24-28-30. New York, British Forces 
at, Information respecting, 1780, July 18. Littel D. to John Hendricks 
1780, Sept. 25, Oct. 13. 

Reynell, Thomas. Lt., 62d regiment, British army. See: Heard, Jolin to George 
Washington 1778, June 18. 

Reynolds, Thomas. Col., 2d regiment, Bvrlingto)) coiintij, Nev .Jersey, militia. See: 
Washington, George, Memorandum of New Jersey militia 1780, June. 

Reynolds, William. Lt., capt. David Jamison'' s company, 2d battalion, Pennsylvania 
troops. See: Washington George, List of officers killed etc. at Fort Duquesne, 
Pennsylvania, on Major James Grant's reconnoissance 1758, Sept. 14. 

Rhan, . Ensign, 60th regiment of foot in America. See: Washington, George, 

List of officers killed etc. at Fort Duquesne, Pennsylvania, on Major James 
Grant's reconnoissance 1758, Sept. 14. 

Rhoades, Jacob. Master of carpenters, Continental army. A return to George Wash- 
ington 1776, March 2. 

Rhode Island, [Colony] Narragansett Bay, Description of. See: Putnam, Rufus 
to George Washington 1776, Jan. 7. 

Rhor, . See: Rhan. 

Richard, Henry. Deposition 1782, July 7. 

Richards, Humphry Hopson. Private, capt. Thomas MighilVs company, Col. Samuel 
Gerrish's MassacJiusetts regiment. Petition to George Washington. See: 
Sawyer, Ezekiel and others to George Washington 1775, Oct. 9. 

Richards, John. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Richards, William. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Richardson, Addison. Capt., col. John Mansfield's 3fassachu.'ietts regiment. See: 
Sullivan, John to George Washington 1775, Oct. 14. 

Richardson, William. Col., 4th Maryland battalion of flying camp. See: Washing- 
ton, George, Memorandum 1776. 

Richardson, . Captain. See: Washington, George to Count de Rocham- 

beau 1782, Feb. 23. 

"Richmond." BritisJi frigate, capt. C. Hudson. See: Littel D. to George Washing- 
ton 1780, July 23. 

Richmond, David. Lt., capt. John Field's company, 2d Rhode Island regiment. See: 
Hitchcock, Daniel to George Washington 1775, Oct? 

Richmond, . Military stm^e-keeper. See: Low-ry, Stephen and Wharton, Car- 
penter, Return of provisions 1776, Nov. 29. 

Riddell, George. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Rider, William. See: Ryder. 

Riley, . Lt., Maryland j)rovincial troops. See: Washington, George, List of 

officers killed etc. at Fort Duquesne, Pennsylvania, on Major James Grant's 
reconnoissance 1758, Sept. 14. 

Rind, William. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Ritchie, Archibald. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Ritchie, Matthew. Colonel. See: Washington, George to Presley Neville 1796, 
April 16. Washington, George to Oliver Wolcott 1797, May 7. Washing- 
ton, George to Alexander Addison 1799, March 4. 

Ritzema, Rudolphus. Col., 3rd New York regiment. See: Nicoll, Isaac, Return to 
George Washington 1776, Apr. 23-29. Letter to. See: Washington, 
George 1776, July 14. See: Washington, George, Memorandum 1776. 



INDEX. 281 

B-itzema, Riidolphug and "Weissenfel, Frederick. Col. and U. col. respectively, 3d 
Xev York regiment. Kecommendation to George Washington 1776, Aug. 12. 

Hivington, James. Printer. See: Amicus Reipublicae to George Wa.^liington 1780, 
June 1. 8. G. to Benjamin Tallmadge 1781, July 15. 

Roaiie, William, ^fember of Virginia House of Burgesses. See: Virginia, [Colony] 
Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Robb, James. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

B,oberson, John. Pnvate, commander in cliiefs guard. See: AVashington, George, 
Keturn of the commander in chief's guard 178.3, March 2. 

Roberts, Humphrey. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, 
June 22. 

Roberts, William. Miller. Letter to. See: Washington, George 1799, June 17. 

Robertson, James. Maj. gen., British army. See: Littel D. to John Hendricks 
1780, Sept. 25, Oct. 13. Lt. gen., British army. Letter to, See: Washington, 
George 1782, ]\Iay 4. 

Robertson, John. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Robertson, Jonathan. BlacksmitJi. See: Bland, Theodorick to George Washing- 
ton 1777, Dec. 11? 

Robinson, Archibald. Lt., 62d regiment of foot in America. See: Washington, 
George, List of officers killed etc. at Fort Duquesne, Pennsylvania, ou 
Major James Grant's reconnoissance 1758, Sept. 14. 

Robinson, Elijah. Capt-lt,. 2d Connecticut regiment. Remonstrance to Joseph 
Spencer. See: Connecticut, [Colony] Troops, 2d regiment. Remon- 
strance of officers 1775, July 26? 

Robinson, James. Member of Virginia House of Burgesses. See: A'irginia, [Colony] 
Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Robinson, James and Company, of Yorktovii, Virginia. See: Steuben, Frederick 
William; Knox, Henry; Hand, Edward and Pickering, Timothy, Report 
to George Washington 1783, June 25. 

Robinson, John. See: Washington, George to William B. Harrison 1799, Ai)ril 10. 

Robinson, William. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of associatiuii 1770, .fune22. 

"Robust." British man-of-ivar at yeiu York, capt. Phillips Cosby. See: New York, 
British Forces at. Information respecting, 1779, Dec. 22; 1780, July 18. 

Rocatelle, Floberque de la. Late engineer in chief , Chevalier if the royal military order 
of St. Louis. Memorial to George Washington 1777, Aug. 5. Letter to 
George Washington 1777, Aug. 5. 

Rochambeau, Donatien Marie Joseph de Vimeure, A'iscount de. Col. and o.s-.'*/. adj. 
gen., French forces in America. See: Washington, George to Count de Ro- 
chambeau 1782, Nov. 1. 

Rochambeau, Jean Baptiste Donatien de Vimeure, Count de. Lt. gen. and com- 
mander in cJiief, French army in America. See: Heath, William to George 
AVashington 1780, Aug. 13. Report to George Washington of sick and 
wounded in hospital at Newport 1781, ^larch 7. Return to George AVash- 
ington 1781, Oct. 2, Oct. 15. See: Washington, George, Regimental orders 
1781, Oct. 20. Letter to. See: AVashingt<m, George 1782, Jan. 14, Jan. 16, 
Feb. 9, Feb. 12, Feb. 21, Feb. 23, March 19, April 23, May 5, June 24, Aug. 4, 
Aug. 11, Aug. 16, Sept. 29, Nov. 3, Nov. 12, Nov. 25, Dec. 14, Dec. 29; 1783, 
]\Iay 10, Oct. 15, Oct. 29, Nov. 1. Governor of Picardy and Artols. Letter to, 
See: Washington, George 1784, May 15, May 16, May 17, Aug. 20, Nov. 25; 
1785, Sept. 7, Dec. 1; 1786, July 31; 1788, May 28, Nov. 27; 1790, April 26. 



282 INDEX. 

Rochefontaine, Bechet de. Capt. of engineers, Continental army. Report to George 
Washington. See: Tupper, Benjamin; Rochfontaine,Beclietde and Nelson, 
to George Washington 1783, Jan? 

Rodney, George Brydges. Vice-admiral and commander-in-chief, British imtii in the 
West Indies. See: Amicus Reipublicae to George Washington 1780, July 
26-31? Littel D. to John Hendricks 1780, Sept. 25, Sept. 26, Oct. 13. Ami- 
cus Reipublicae to George Washington 1780, Oct. 13. Littel D. to John 
Hendricks 1780, Oct. 28? Oct-Nov. Culper, Samuel to John Bolton 1780, 
Dec. 24. 

Roe, Alexander. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Roe, Austin. Secret agent. See: Culper, Samuel to John Bolton 1780, March 11-13. 
Culper, Samuel jr. to William Floyed 1780, Aug. 6. 

Roe, Jesse. Late capt., col. Benjamin Floicer's artillery and artificer regiment. See: 
Flower, Benjamin, Return to George Washington 1780, Jan., Feb. 22. 

Roe, Robert. Lt., 6th infantry, British army. See: S. G. to Richard Muirson. 
1781, July 8. 

Roe. See: Rowe. 

"Roebuck." British nian-of.unr at Xew York, capt. Sir Andreiv Hammond. See: 
New York, British Forces at. Information respecting, 1779, Dec. 

Rogers, Abijah. Lt., col. Jonathan Breiver^s artificer regiment. See Washington, 
George, A return of artificer regiment 1776, Aug. 4. 

Rog'ers, Robert. Col., '^Queens Rangers." See: Ray, to George Washing- 
ton 1782, April 27. 

Rogers, William. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association. 1770, June 22. 

Rogers, AVilliam. Private, 82d regiment, British army. See: Durie, Thomas, Re- 
turn to George Washington 1781, Oct. 2. 

Romrodt, Carl von. Col. , Mirbach Hessian regiment. See German Troops in America, 
List forwarded to George Washington 1780-1. 

"Romulus." British man-of-war at New York, capt. G. Gayton. See: New York, 
British Forces at, Liformation respecting, 1779, Dec; 1780, July 18. 

Rooney, John. Commissary f, Continental army. See: Continental army. Cattle for, 
1777, Dec? 

Roorbach, Garret. Barrack-master for New York city. Memorial to George Wash- 
ington 1776, June 17. 

Rootes, John. Captain. See: Washington, George to Sir Philip Rootes 1799, 
Jan. 5. 

Rootes, Sir Philip. Letter to. See: Washington, George 1799, Jan. 5. 

Roseboom, Barnaby. Master, sloop "^ Mohaick." See: Hughes, Hugh to George 
Washington 1776, May 25. 

Rosekrance. See Rosekrans. 

Rosekrans, Jacobus. Capt., 5th New York regiment. See: New York, [State] 
Troops, Return of officers 1779, April? 

Rosekrans, James. Capt., 2d New York regiment See: Nicoll, Isaac, Return to 
George Washington 1776, April 23-29. Clinton, James, Return to 
George Washington 1776, June 19. 

Ross, David. Privatef, capt., Thomas Williams's company, col. John Paterson's Massa- 
chusetts regiment or capt. Jonas Hubbard's company, col. Jonathan Ward's 
Massachusetts regiment. Petition to George Washington. See: Welch, 
William and others to George Washington 1775-76. 



. INDEX. 283 

Ross, David. See: Washington, George, Regimental orders 1781, Oct. 25. 
Washington, (ieorge to Count de Rochambeau 1782, Feb. 12. Washing- 
ton, George, Memorandum of ])oints to be considered in the capitulation 
at Yorktown 1781, Oct. 

Ross, George. See: Virginia, [Golony] Articles of association 1770, June 22 

Ross, H . See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Ross, James, ('apt., 2d FenmnjJvanJa nfie battalion. See: Thompson, William, 
Return of deserters 1775, Oct. 23. Capt., Id Continental infantri/. See: 
Hand, Edward, Return of ofticers 1776. 

Ross, James. United States Senator from Pennsylvania. Letter to. See: Washington, 
George 1794, June 16, Aug. 1, Sept. 13; 1795, July 15. Washington, George 
to Oliver Wolcott 1797, May 7. 

Rouerie, Charles Armand Tutin, Marquis de la. See: Tufin. 

Roussi, Pierre Regnier de. Lt. col., 2d Neiv YorJrreginieid. See: New York, [State] 
Troops, Return of officers 1779, April? 

Row, Robert. See: Roe. 

Rowan, Charles. Private, capt. Robert Steirart's conipany, IM Virgi)i.ia regiment. See: 
Fort Duquesne, Pennsylvania, Major James Grant's reconnoissance, Return 
to George Washington 1758, Sept. 14. 

Row^e, Winthrop. Capt., 2d New Hampshire regiment. See: Sullivan, John to 
George Washington 1775, Oct. 14. 

Rowe. See: Roe. 

Rowell, ^Villiam. Private, capt. Enoch Putnam's company, col. John Mansfield's Mas- 
^((chusetts regiment. See: Sullivan, John to George Washington 1775, Oct. 14. 

"Royal Oak." Br itish man-of-war, ca^A. T. Burnett. See: New York, British Forces 
at, Information respecting, 1780, July 18; 1781, July .3-7. 

Rudolph, John. Capt., Lee's partisan corps. See: Washington, George to Henry 
Lee 1780, Aug. 20. 

Rudolpii, ^lichael. Capt., Lee's jxtrtisan corps. See: Lee, Henry to George Wash- 
ington 1782, April 22. 

Rugfar, Elias. Private, rapt. George Nagle's company, 2d Pennsylvania rifle Ixdtalion. 
See: Thompson, William, Return of deserters 1775, Oct. 23. 

Rumford, Benjamin Thompson, Count. Letter to. See: Washington, George 1796, 
Dec. 22. See: Washington, George to Rufus King 1796, Dec. 22. 

Rumroth. See: Romrodt. 

Runck, Nicholas. See: Runk, Xikolaus. 

Runk, Xikolaus. Ensign, regiment de Bose, Hessian, troops. See: Duric, Thomas, 
Return to George Washington 1781, Oct. 

Rush, Henry. Lcde pjrivcde, 1st Continental dragoons. See: Heard, Jolm, licturn 
to George Washington 1778, June 18. 

Russel, Thomas. Private, caj/t. X(d]i((n Broim's company, col. ./<>liii Mnnsfirhr.i Mas- 
sachusetts regiment. Petition to George Washington 1775. 

"Russell." British man-of-ivar at Xeiv York, capt. Francis Samuel Drake. See: New 
York, British Forces at. Information respecting, 1779, Dec. ^ler.sereau, 
John to George Washington 1780, May 20. Amicus Reipublicae to George 
Washington 1780, June 24-30. New York, British Forces at. Information 
respecting, 1780, July 18. 

Russell, George. See: Virginia, [C<)lony] .'irticles of ass(»ciation 1770, June 22. 



284 INDEX. 

Russell, James. Lt., capt. Hugh MarwelV s company, col. William Prescotfs Massa- 
chusetts regiment. See: Prescott, William to George Washington 1775, Dec. 9. 

-Russell, Pelatiah. Lt., col. Jonathan Breiver's artificer regiment. See: Washington, 
George, A return of artificer regiment 1776, Aug. 4. 

Russell, Thaddeus. Cajit., col. Jonathan Brev-er's Massachusetts regiment. See: ]\Iay 
nard, Nathaniel to George Washington 1775, Sept. 18. 

Russell, William. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Russell, William. Letter to, See: Washington, George 1799, Jan. 6, May 26. 

Rutgers, Anthony. See: Amicus Reipublicae to George Washington 1780, July 16. 

Rutherford, Robert. Member of Virginia House of Burgesses. See: Virginia, 
[Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Rutledg-e, John. Governor of South Carolina. See: Amicus Reipublicae to George 
AVashington 1780, June 1. 

Ryan, William. See: Fyan. 

Ryder, William. Lt., 60th regiment of foot in America. See: Washington, George, 
List of officers killed etc. at Fort Duquesne, Pennsylvania, on Major James 
Grant's reconnoissance 1758, Sept. 14. 

Sabbey, Josea. Private, capt. Robert Stewarf s company, 1st Virginia regiment. See: 
Fort Duquesne, Pennsylvania, Major James Grant's reconnoissance. Return 
to George Washington 1758, Sept. 14. 

■Sackett, Samuel. Capt., 4th ^eio York regiment. See: New York, [State] Troops, 

Return of officers 1779, April? 
Sackett, Samuel and others. Officers, 4th Neiv York regiment. Letter to George 

Washington 1776, June 13. 

Sage, Comfort. Col., Connecticut state regiment. See: Washington, George, Memo- 
randum 1776. 

S+ Clair, Arthur. Col., 2d Pennsylvania regiment. See: Foster, Isaac to John Mor- 
gan 1776, June 29. Maj. gen., Continental army. Letter to, See: Washiiig- 
ton, George 1780, Feb. 24. See: Washington, George, Regimental orders 
1781, Oct. 25. Letter to. See: Washington, George 1784, Feb. 22. 

St. Francis Indians, Canadian. See: Reed, Joseph to General Court of Massa- 
chusetts 1775, Aug. 15. 

St. John's Indians. See: Indians, Cognawaga Nation. 

St. liuc Lacorpe. Cliief, Cognawaga Lidians. See: Indians, Cognawaga Nation, 
Talk with George Washington 1776, Jan. 31. 

Saintonge, French regiment. See: Washington, George, Memorandum 1781? 
July-Aug? 

St. Simon, Claude Henri, Count de. See: Washington, George, Regimental orders 
1781, Oct. 20. 

Salem, Massachusetts. See: Massachusetts, [Colony] Salem. 

Salem and Gloucester, Massachusetts. See: Massachusetts, [Colony] Salem and 
Gloucester. 

Salisbury, Barents. Lt., 1st New York regiment. See: New York, [State] Troops, 
Return of officers 1779, April? 

Saltonstall, Gurdon. Brig, gen., Connecticut militia. See: Trumbull, Jonathan to 
George Washington 1778, Aug. 4. 

Sanborn, Abraham. Ensign, capt. Winthrop Boners company, 2d New Hampshire 
regiment. See: Sullivan, John to George Washington 1775, Oct? 

Sanborn, John Smith. Private, capt. Benjamin Titcomb's company, 2d New Hamp- 
shire regiment. See: Sullivan, John to George Washington 1775, Oct. 14. 



INDEX. 285 

Sancerau? . Master of a Rhode Island pudcet. See: Littel ]>. to John Ilen- 

<lricks 1780, Oct.-Xov. 

Sandusky, [Ohio] Indian Conference. .See: Washington, George to Charles Tliom- 
son 1793, Jan. 31. 

"Sandwich." British man-of-war. See: Littel D. to John Hendricks 1780, Oct. 13. 
A Stranger to Elias Dayton 1780, Oct. 17. A Stranger to George Washing- 
ton 1780, Oct. 23. Littel D. to John Hendricks 1780, Oct. 28? 

Sanford, David. CItaplain, 13th and 23d Continental infantrii. See: Read, Joseph and 
Bailey, John to George Washington 1776, April 2. 

"Saratoga." Continental frigate, capt. John Young. See: Continental Congress, 
Admiralty Board to George Washington 1780, July 11, Aug. 14, Aug. 31. 

Sarg-ent, Paul Dudley. Col., 28th Massachusetts regiment. See: Cochran, William to 
George Washington 1775, Oct. 

Sarg-ent, Paul Dudley and Austin, Jonathan Williams. Col. and major respectively, 
16th Continental infantry. Letter to George Washington 1776, Aug? 

Sargent, Winthrop. Naval agent. Letter to. See: Moylan, Stephen 1776, Feb. 4. 
Cajjt -It., col. Henry Knox's Continental artillery. Letter to George Washing- 
ton 1776, ^larch 14-19. Capt., col. Jonathan Brewer's artificer regiment. See: 
Washington, George, A return of artificer regiment 1776, Aug. 4. 

Sartor, John. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Sartor, Peter. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Savag-e, Edward. Artist. Letter to. See: Washington, George 1799, June 30. 

Savage, James. Private, capt. Enoch Putnam's company, col. John ManxfichVs Masm- 
chusetls regiment. See: Sullivan, John to George Washington 1775, Oct. 14. 

Savage, John. Li., 1st Virginia regiment. See: Washington, George, List of officers 
submitted to Robert Dinwiddle 1755, Aug.-Sept? Virginia, [Colony] 
Council proceedings 1773, Nov. 4. 

Savage, Nathaniel Lyttleton. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, 
June 22. 

Savage, AVilliam. Physician. See: Washington, George to Bryan, Lord Fairfax 
1794, Sept. 8. 

Savannah, Georgia. See: Georgia, [State] Savannah. 

Savary, John? Letter to. See: Washington, George 1795, March 25. 

Sawyer, Ezekiel and others. Soldiers, capt. Thomas Mighill's company, col. Samn,/ 
GerrisW s Massachusetts regiment. Petition to George Washington 1775, Oct. 9. 

Sawyer, John. Private, capt. Thomas MighiU's company, col. Samuel Gerrish's Mas- 
.-iachusetts regiment. Petition to George Washington. See: Sawyer, Ezekiel 
and others to George Washington 1775, Oct. 9. 

S. B. Signature to poem written over a spy's connnunication. See: Culper, Sam- 
uel jr. to John Bolton 1780, Mar«ih 3. 

Scammell, Alexander. Col. and adj. gen.. Continental army. Return to George Wash- 
ington 1778, Sept. 5. Signature. See: Washington, George, Certificate as 
to color of cloth; also certificate as to method 1778, Oct. 28. State of Con- 
tinental troops under connnand of Gen. Washington 1779, Aug. 28. Letter 
to George Washington 1779, Oct. 18. Return to George Washington 1780, 
March, June 20. See: Washington, George, Orderly Book of 1778. Col., 
1st Neiu Hampshire regiment. S'ie: Hand, Edward, Return to George 
Washington 1781, Oct. 



286 INDEX. 

Scarmnon, James. Col., Massachusetts regiment. See: Heath, William to George 
Washington 1775, Nov. 25. 

"Scarborough." British man-of-war. See: Boston harbor, British ships in, 1775, 
Oct. 28. See: Massachusetts, [Colony] General Court to George Washing- 
ton 1775. 

Schenck, William. Ensign, col. David Forman^s additional Continental regiment. 
See: Forman, David to George Washington 1778, March 28. 

Scheuber, . See: Georgia, [State] Savannah, Citizens, Proceedings of 

I meeting 1795, July 25. 

SciLollay, John. See: Scollay. 

Schumbach, Henry. Hessian deserter from Prince Charles's regiment. See: Ernest, 
John and others. Examination 1782, Nov. 30. 

Schuyler, Peter. Major, 3d Nnc Hampshire regiment. Letter to, See: Washing- 
ton, George 1776, June 10. 

Schuyler, Philip. Maj. gen., Continentcd army. See: Reed, Joseph t® General Court 
of Massachusetts 1775, Aug. 15. Pennsylvania, [Province] Committee of 
Safety to George Washington 1775, Aug. 17. Hughes, Hugh to George 
Washington 1776, May 25, May 31, June 4, June 5, June 16. Varick. 
Richard, Memorandum of papers 1781? Indians, Cognawaga Nation, 
Talk with George Washington 1776, Jan. 31. 

Scollay, John. Chairman, Boston selectmen. Letter to. See: Reed, Joseph 1775, 
Oct. 23. See: Massachusetts, [State] Boston, Selectmen to George Wash- 
ington 1789, Oct. 21. 

Scott, Benjamin. Private, capt. Tliomas MigliiWs company, col. Samuel CTcrrisJi's 
Massachusetts regiment. Petition to George Washington. See: Sawyer, 
Ezekiel and others to George Washington 1775, Oct. 9. 

Scott, Charles. Brig, gen., Continental army. See: Sullivan, John to George Wash- 
ington 1777, Dec. 10? Pickering, Timothy to George Washington 1778, 
Jan. 10. Scammell, Alexander to George Washington 1778, Sept. 5. Wash- 
ington, George, Intelligence from deserters 1778. Scammell, Alexander, 
Return to George Washington 1780, March. Washington, George to 
Count de Rochambeau 1782, Feb. 21. 

Scott, Clement. Private, col. George Washington's company, 1st Virginia regiment. 
See: Fort Duquesne, Pennsylvania, Major James Grant's reconnoissance, 
Return to George Washington 1758, Sept. 14. 

Scott, Gustavus. Commissioner of the Federal City. Letter to, See: Washington, 
George 1797, June 12, June 19, June 24; 1798, Jan. 8. 

Scott, Gustavus; Thornton, William and "White Alexander. Commissioners of the 
Federal City. Letter to George Washington 1799, Sept. 2. 

Scott, John Morin. Brig, gen., Continental army. See: Washington, George, Gen- 
eral orders 1778, June 11. 

Scott, Thomas. Member of Virginia House of Burgesses. See: Virginia, [Colony] 
Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Scott, William. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Schriver, Jacob. Private, commander-in-chief s guard. See: Washington, George, 
Return of the commander in chiefs guard 1783, March 2. 

Scudder, Nathaniel. Col., 1st regiment, Monmouth county, New Jersey, militia. See: 
Washington, George, Memorandum of New Jersey militia 1780, June. 

Scudder, William. Lt., 1st New York regiment. Letter to George Washington 
1779, June 13. 



INDEX. 287 

Scull, AVilliam? Surveyor. See: Stewart, Charles, Answers to sixteen qnestions 
jtroponnded by George Washington 1779, May-June? 

"Seah.orse." British frigate, capt. Montague. See: Littel D. to George 

Washington 1780, July 24. 

Sears, Isaac. Merchant. See: New York City, Committee of Safety to George Wash- 
ington 1775. Letter to, See: Washington, George 1776, May 13. 

Sears, isauf and others. ^Memorial to George Washington 1776, July 9-14. 

Seaton, Robert Eglinton. Lieut., British legion, BritisJi provincial troops. See: 
Durie, Thomas, Return to George Washington 1781, Oct. 2. 

Sebaston, Nicholas. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Secret Agents. Instructions to. See: Washington, George 1781, June. Intelligence 
from. See: Amicus Reipublicae. Bissel, Daniel. Brewster, Caleb. Britan- 
nicus. Culper, Samuel. Culper, Samuel, jr. German Troops in America, 
List of. Hendricks, John. L. G. Littel D. McCaskey, Alexander? 

Mersereau, John. New York, British Forces at. Ray, — . S. G. 

Stranger (A). Tallmadge, Benjamin. V. D. Vanderhovern, John. Z. 

Seeds, William. Privatef, New .Jersey regiment. See: Washington, George, Warrant 
to Israel Shreve 1776-7? 

Seeley, Sylvanus. Col., New Jersey militia. See: Washington, George, Mem- 
orandum of New Jersey militia 1780, June. 

Segar, Marquis de. See: Segur. 

Segeney, Daniel. See: Dodge, Richard to George AVashington 1775, July 14. 

Segur, Louis Philippe, Marquis de. Col. and French minister to Russia. See: Wash- 
ington, George to Count de Rochambeau 1784, Nov. 25. 

Seitz, Franz Carl von. Col. , Sfeyn' s Hessian regiment. See: GermanTroops in Amer- 
ica, List forwarded to George Washington 1780-1. 

Self, Francis. See: Virginia, [Colony] Council proceedings 1773, Nov. 4. 

Sellers, Thomas. Sergt., capt. John Wesfs company, 1st Virginia regiment. See: 
West, John jr.. Return of new recruits 1754, June? 

Selman, John. Captain of Continental armed vessel. See: Moylan, Stephen to Com- 
mittee of Safety of Stonington 1775, Nov. 27. 

Sergent, Winthrop. See: Sargent. 

Sever, William. Member, Massachusetts Council. See: Moylan, Stephen to a Com- 
mittee of the Council of Massachusetts 1775, Nov. 4. 

Seymour, Thomas. Col. and chairman. Committee of Safety f Hartford. Letter to, 
See: Reed, Joseph 1775, Aug. 31. W^ashington, George 1775, Sept. 26. 
See: French, Christopher to George Washington 1775, Sept. 18. 

S. G. Secret agent near New York. Letter to Richard Muirson 1781, July 8. Let- 
ter to Benjamin Tallmadge 1781, July 15. Letter to John Bolton 1781, 
July 30; 1782, May 23. Information sent to George Washington 1782, 
May 30 and June 3. Letter to John Bolton 1782, June 3, June 28. 

Shaney. See: Shawma. 

Shanks, Thomas. Deserter and spy, formerly ensign, 10th Pennsylvania regiment. 
Court martial of. See: Lee, Charles to George Washington 1778, June 2. 

Sharder, Henry. See: Heard, John to George Washington 1778, June 18. 
Sharpe, Horatio. Governor of Maryland. See: Loudoun, John Campbell, Earl, 
31inutes taken at a meeting of Governors 1757, March 15. 

Shaw, Alexander. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 



288 INDEX. 

Shawna, John. Shawnee Indian, private, maj. Jeremiah TalboVs company, 6th Penn- 
sylvania regiment. See: Washington, George, A summary of InteUigence 
obtained from Edward Hand 1779, May-June? 

Shawnee, John. See: Shawna. 

Shearman, David. Private, capt. Oliver Capron's company, col. Ephraim Doolittle's 
Massachusetts regiment. See: SulUvan, John to George Washington 1775, 
Oct. 14. 

Shea, John. Col., .Sd Pennsylvania regiment. See: Washington, George, Memoran- 
dum 1776. 

Sheftall, Mordecai. See: Georgia, [State] Savannah, Citizens, Proceedings of meet- 
ing 1795, July 25. 

Sheldon, Daniel. See: Shildon. 

Sheldon, Elisha. Col., 2d Continental dragoons. See: Washington, George, Memo- 
randum 1776. Washington, George, Estimate of troops 1781, May 22. 

Sherman, David. See: Shearman. 

Sherman, Isaac. Lt. col., StJi Connecticut regiment. See: Wasliington, George, After 
orders 1781, July 1. 

Sherwood, Adiel. Lt., 1st New York regiment. See: New York, [State] Troops, 
Return of officers 1779, April? 

Shields, John. Deserter from H. M. S. "Lyon." Intelligence obtained from. See: 
Mullen, Daniel and others. Examination 1782, Nov. 25. 

Shildon, Daniel. Private, capt. Enoch Putnam'' s company, col. John Mansfield's Massa- 
chusetts regiment. See: Sullivan, John to George Washington 1775, Oct. 14. 

Short, Peyton. See: Washington, George to Alexander Spots wood 1799, March 25. 

Shortridge, George. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Shortridg-e, John. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Shortridge, Richard. Capt., 2d Xeiv Hampshire regiment. See: Sullivan, John tO' 
George Washington 1775, Oct. 14. 

Shortridg-e, William. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Shranaman, Francis. Deserter from 44th regiment, British army. See: Heard, John 
to George Washington 1778, June 18. 

Shreve, Israel. Col., 2d New Jersey regiment. Warrant to. See: Washington, 
George 1776-7? Col., 1st battalion, Gloucester county, New Jersey, militia. 
See: Washington, George, Memorandum of New Jersey militia 1780, June. 
Washington, George to James Ross 1794, Aug. 1. Washington, George to- 
Oliver Wolcott 1797, 3Iay 7. Letter to. See: Washington, George 1799, 
Jan. 10. 

Shriev3, Israel. See: Shreve. 

Shuts, William. Commissary f. Continental army. See: Continental army. Cattle 
for, 1777, Dec? 

Shyrard, William. Selectman of Westfield, Massachusetts. Certificate to George 
Washington. See: Bundy, Peter to George Washington 1775, Oct. 13. 

Sikes, James. Member, Committee of Correspondence for Springfield. Letter to George 
Washington. See: Massachusetts, [Colony] Springfield, Committee of Cor- 
respondence to George Washington 1775, Oct. 2. 

Silliman, Gold Selleck. Col., Connecticut state regiment. Letter to, See: Washing- 
ton, George 1776, July 6. See: Washington, George, Memorandum 1776, 

Sillman, John. See: Selman. 



INDEX. 289 

Simcoe, John Graves. Lt. col., "Queen's^ Rangers," British provincial troops. See: 
Lesley, Joseph, Examination 1778, Oct. 31. Culper, Samuel to John 
Bolton 1780, April 5. McCasky, Alexander? to George Washington 1780, 
June? ]Sew York, British Forces at. Information respecting, 1780, Jiily 18. 
Littel D. to George Washington 1780, July 21. New York, British Forces 
at, Information respecting, 1780, Aug. 12. Culper, Samuel to John Bolton 
1780, Sept. 1 and 5. Littel I), to John Hendricks 1780, Sept. 25, Oct. 11, 
Oct. 2.3, Oct.-Nov. Culper, Samuel to John Bolton 1780, Dec. 24. 

Simms, Charles? Colonel. See: Washington, George to Robert Lewis 1796, 
March 10. 

Simms, Jesse. See: Washington, George to Henry Lee 1798, Nov. 4. Letter to, 
See: Washington, George 1799, April 22. 

Simms, William. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Simpson, George. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Simpson, Gilbert. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
Washington, George to James Ross 1794, Aug. 1. 

Simpson, John. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of assocdation 1770, June 22. 

Simpson, Michael. Lt., capt. Matthew Smith^ s company, 1st Continental infanlni. See: 
Hand, Edward, Return of officers 1776. 

Simpson, Moses. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Simpson, Richard. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Simpson, Southy. Member of Virgmi'i House of Burgesses. See: Virginia, [Colony] 
Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Simpson, William. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, .June 22. 

Simsbury, Connecticut. See: Connecticut, [Colony] Symsbury. 

Sinclair, Sir John. See: Washington, George to Tobias Lear 1794, May 6. Letter 
to. See: Washington, George 1794, Nov. 9; 1795, July 10. See: Washing- 
ton, George to William Strickland 1795, July 15. Letter to, See: Wash- 
ington, George 1796, Feb. 20, June 12, Dec. 10, Dec. 11 ; 1797, :\Iarch 6; 1799, 
Jan. 20. 

Sinclair, Thomas. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Six Nations. Data concerning. See: Washington, George, A summary of intel- 
ligence, 1779, May-June? Washington, George, Account of various routes 

1779, May-June? Hand, Edward, Answers to questions 1779, May-June? 
Cox, James and Patterson, Samuel, Answers to questions 1779, May- 
June? Stewart, Charles, Answers to questions 1779, May-June? Cox, 
James or Patterson, Samuel, Answers to questions 1779, ISIay-June? 
Expedition against. See: Washington, George, Return of tr()oi)s 1779, 
Aug? 

Skelton, John. Private, capt. Robert Steioart's company, 1st Virginia regiment. See: 

Fort Duquesne, Pennsylvania, Major James Grant's reconnoissance, Return 

to George Washington 1758, Sept. 14. 
Skinner, Abraham. Maj. gen., British army. See: New York, liritisli Fdn-cs at, 

Information respecting, 1780, Aug. 12. 
Skinner, Abraham. Commissary-general of prisoners. Continental army. Orders to. 

See: Washington, George 1781, Oct. 25. 
Skinner, Cortlandt. Brig, gen., Bntish provirccial troops. See: New York, British 

Forces at, Information respecting, 1779, Dec. Littel D. to John Hendricks 

1780, Oct. 13. Vanderhovern, John to George Washington 1780, Nov. 6. 
Bissel, Daniel, Information obtained 1782, Oct. 

19108—01 19 



290 INDEX. 

Slade, John. Privafe, 43d regiment, British urmy. See: Durie, Thomas, Return to 
George Washington 1781, Oct. 2. 

Smallwood, William. Col., Maryland regiment. See: Washington, George, Memo- 
randum 1776. Brig, gen.. Continental army. See: Washington, George, 
Plan for the attack at Germantown 1777, Oct. 3. Scammell, Alexander to 
George Washington 1778, Sept. 5; 1779, Aug. 28. 

Smith, Alexander. See: Washington, George to John Henry 1798, April 3. Letter 
to, See: Washington, George 1798, April 3, April 25, June 17. 

Smith, Benjamin. Private, capt. John West'ft company, 1st Virginia regiment. See: 
AVest, John jr.. Return of new recruits 1754, June? 

Smith, Benjamin. Private, capt. Thomas MighilVs company, col. Samuel Gerrish's 
Massachusetts regiment. Petition to George Washington. See: Sawyer, Eze- 
kiel and others to George Washington 1775, Oct. 9. 

Sm.ith, Charles. See: Washington, George, List of officers submitted to Robert 
Dinwiddle 1755, Aug.-Sept? 

Smith., Enos. Lt., col. JonatJtan Brevjer's artificer regiment. See: Washington, George, 
A return of artificer regiment 1776, Aug. 4. 

Sm.itli, Francis. Maj. gen., British army. See: Littel 1). to John Hendricks 1780, 
Sept. 25, Oct. 13. 

Smith., (xeorge. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Smith, Israel. See: Hughes, Hugh to George Washington 1776, June 29. 

Smith, Israel. Capt., 4th New York regiment. See: New York [State] Troops, Re- 
turn of officers 1779, April? 

Sm.ith, James. Loyalist f jjrisoner at Springfield. See: Massachusetts, [Colony] 
Si)ringfield, Committee of Correspondence to George Washington 1775, 
Oct. 2. 

Smith, Joel. Lt., col. Jonatjain Brewer'' s artificer regiment. See: Washington, George, 
A return of artificer regiment 1776, Aug. 4. 

Smith, John. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. Vir- 
ginia, [Colony] Council proceedings 1773, Nov. 4. 

Smith, John (2d). See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Smith, John. Private^, capt. Thomas Williams's company, col. John Paterson's Mas- 
sachusetts regiment, or in capt. Jonas Hubbard' s company, col. Jonathan Ward's 
Massachusetts regiment. Petition to George Washington. See: Welch, Wil- 
liam and others to George Washington 1775-76. 

Smith, John. See Littel D. to John Hendricks 1780, Oct. 26. 

Smith, John R. Li., 6^h Continental infantry. Letter to George Washington. See: 
Haynes, Aaron and others to George AVashington 1776, April 1. AVhitcomb, 
Asa, List of officers 1776, April 1. 

Smith, Jonathan. Private, capt. Jeremiah Clough's company, 2d New Hampshire regi- 
ment. See: Sullivan, John to George AA^ashington 1775, Oct. 14. 

Smith, Jonathan. Col., Massachusetts militia. See: AA^ashington, George, Memoran- 
dum 1776. 

Smith, Joseph. Capt., col. Nathaniel Gist's additional Continental regiment. See: 
liist, Nathaniel, Return 1778, Jan. 9. 

Smith, Mary. See: Brooks, David to Tench Tilghman 1781, May 15. Ledyard, 
Isaac to Tench Tilghman 1781, May 15. 

Smith, Matthew. Capt., 2d Pennsylvania rifle battalion. See: Thompson, AA'illiam, 
Return of deserters 1775, Oct. 23. Capt., 1st Continental infantry. See: 
Hand, Edward, Return of officers 1776. 



INDEX. 291 

Smith, Meriwether. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
Smitli, Peter. Ensign, 3d Pennsylvania regiment. Petition to George Washington. 

See: McClelan, John and other officers to George Washington 1778, Sept. 15. 
Smith, Peter. Loyalist? See: Littel D. to John Hendricks 1780, Oct. 11, Oct. 13. 
Sm.ith, Randolph. Private, commartder in chief s guard. See: AVashington, George, 

Return of the commander in chief's guard 1783, Marc;h 2. 
Smith, Samuel. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
Smith, Samuel. Private, commander in chief's gvxird. See: Washington, George, 

Return of the commander in chief's guard 1783, March 2. 
Smith, Walter. See: Washington, George to Gustavus Scott 1797, June 19. 
Smith, William. Chief justice and member of the Council of New York. See: Amicus 

Reipublicae to George Washington 1780, Aug. 1. Culper, Samuel to John 

Bolton 1780, Nov. 5. 
Smith, William Stephens. Li. col. and adjutant on staff of maj. gen. Lafayette. See: 

Washington, George, After orders 1781, July 1. 
Smith, . Capt., engineers, British army. See: Littel D. to John Hendricks 

1780, Sept. 25. 

Smith, . See: Washington, George to Lund Washington 1794, Nov. 19. 

Smith, . See: Washington, George to Tobias Lear 1796, Nov. 16. 

Smythe, Mary. See: Smith. 

Snodgrass, William. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Sonn, Joseph. Private?, capt. Thomas Williams's company, colJohn Pcderson's Mas.^a- 
chusetts regiment or in capt. Jonas Hidjbard's company, col. Jonathan Ward's 
Ma.isac]ni.setts regiment. Petition to George Washington. See: Welch, Wil- 
liam and others to George Washington 1775-76. 

Soper, Abijah. See: Joopier. 

Sortar, John. See: Sartor. 

South Carolina, [State] British Forces in. Estimate sent to George Washington 

1781, Aug. 10. Charleston. See: Charleston, South Carolina. British Forces 
at, 1782, Dec. 23. 

South Carolina. See : The Carolinas. 

Southworth, Jedidiah. Lt., col. Joseph Read's Massachusetts regiment. Petition to 
George Washington 1775, Sept. 29. 

Spalding, John. Surgeon, 3d Connecticut regiment. Certificate to Ebenezer Storrs 
1775, Nov. 11. 

Spalding, Simon. Cajd., Wyojning Valley company. See: Washington, George, A 
summary of intelligence obtained from Edward Hand 1779, May-June? 

Sparks, Edward. Private, It. col. Adam Stephen's company, 1st Virginia regiment. 
See: Fort Duquesne, Pennsylvania, Major James Grant's reconnoissance, 
Return to George Washington 1758, Sept. 14. 

Sparrow, . Capt., col. John Jacobs's regiment of Ma,ssachusetts militia. See: 

Jacobs, John, Return to William Heath 1780, Aug. 12. 

Spaulding, Simon. See: Spalding. 

Spear, Edward. See: Speer. 

Speer, Edward. Ensign, 6th Pennsylvania regiment. Petition to George Washing- 
ton. See: McClelan, John and other officers to George Washington 1778, 
Sept. 15. 



292 INDEX. 

Spencer, Joseph. Brig, gen., Continental army. Remonstrance to. See: Connecti- 
cut, [Colony] Troops, 2d regiment. Remonstrance of officers 1775, July 26? 
Letter to, See: Washington, George 177.5, Sept. 26. Harrison, Robert 
Hanson 1775, Dec. 21. 

Spies. See: Secret agents. 

Spiller, John. Private, capt. Thomas MighiU's company, col. Samuel Gerrish'.'^ Massa- 
chusetts regiment. Petition to George Washington. See: Sawyer, Ezekiel 
and others to George Washington 1775, Oct. 9. 

Spooner, Walter. Member of Massachusetts Council. See: Moylan, Stephen to a 
Committee of the Council of Massachusetts 1775, Nov. 

Spooner, William. Soldier in late Continental army. Petition to George Washington. 
See: Jennings, Daniel and others to George Washington 1789, Oct. 28. 

Spotswood, Alexander. General. Letter to. See: Washington, George 1797, 
Feb. 1. See: Washington, George to Albin Rawlins 1798, Jan. 31. Letter 
to, See: Washington, George 1799, March 25. 

Spotswood, Robert. See: Washington, George, List of officers submitted to Robert 
Dinwiddle 1755, Aug. -Sept? 

Sprangle, George. British secret agent. See: Heard, John to George Washington 

1778, June 18. 
Spriggs, Elizabeth. See: Washington, George to John Francis Mercer 1794. 

March 10. 
Springfield, Massachusetts. See: Massachusetts, Springfield. 

Sprout, Ebenezer. Lt. col., 2d Massachusetts regiment. See: Greaton, James, Report 

to George Washington 1783, April 24. 
Sprowle, Andrew. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
Spurling, William. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
Stacia? John. See: Littel D. to John Hendricks 1780, Oct. 26. 

Stanford, Thomas. Capt., col. William Allen's ^'■Loyalist Dragoons." See: Heard, 
John, Return to George \Vashington 1778, June 18. 

Stanhope, E. H. Captain, British navy. Letter to. See: Gates, Horatio 1776, 
.Ian. 24. 

Stanley, Caleb. Ensign, capt. Israel Putnam jr's company, 3d Connecticut regiment. 
See: Storrs, Experience to George Washington 1775, Nov. 11. Spalding, 
John, Certificate of illness 1775, Nov. 11. Foster, Isaac, Certificate of ill- 
ness 1775, Nov. 12. 

Stanley, John. Steivard, armed galley "Lady Washington." See: Cook, Robert, 

Payroll of officers 1776, Sept. 
Stark, Boiling. Member of Virginia House of Burgesses. See: Virginia, [Colony] 

Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Stark, John. Col., 1st New Hampshire regiment. See: W^ashington, George to Mat- 
thew Thornton 1775, Jan. 11. Sullivan, John, Proceedings of a court of 
inquiry 1775, Sept. 9. Sullivan, John to George Washington 1775, Oct. 
14. Sullivan, John to George Washington 1775, Oct? Brig, gen., Continen- 
tal army. See: Scammell, Alexander, Return to George AVashington 1780, 
June 20. Washington, George, Extracts from general orders 1783, April 
5. Hmitington, Jedidiah; Van Cortlandt, Philip and Nicola, Lewis to 
George Washington 1783, May 27. 

Starke, John. Lt. col., " Western Battalion," Morris county, Xew Jersey, militia. See: 
Washington, George, Memorandum of New Jersey militia 1780, June. 



INDEX. 293 

Starke, William. See: Washington, (ieorgc, IJst of officers submitted to Rol)ert 

Dinwiddle 1755, Aug. -Sept? 
Staten Island. British Army on. Information respecting. See: Amicus Reipub- 

licae to George Washington 1780, May 17. 

Stebbins, Thomas. Member, Springfield Committee of Correspondence. Letter to 
George Washington. See: Massachusetts, [Colony] Springfield, Committee 
of Correspondence to George Washington 1775, Oct. 2. 

Steel, Archibald. Lt., capt. Matthew Smith's companij, 1st Contivent(d infmitri/. See: 
Hand, Edward, Return of officers 1776. 

Steel, John. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Steel, John. Capt-lt., 10th Pennsylvania regiment. Petition to George Washington. 
See: McClelan, John, and other officers to George Washington 1778, Sept. 15. 

Steel, . Captain, British nary. See: S. G. to John Bolton 1781, July 30. 

Steenbergen, Peter. See: Washington, George, List of officers sul)mitted to 
Robert Dinwiddle 1755, Aug. -Sept? 

Stephen, Adam. Capt., 1st Virginia regiment. See: Washington, George, List of 
officers submitted to Robert Dinwiddle 1755, Aug.-Sept? Lt. col., 1st Vir- 
ginia regiment. See: Fort Duquesne, Pennsylvania, Major James Grant's 
reconnoissance. Return to George Washington 1758, Sept. 14. Mississippi 
Company, Articles of association 1763, June 3. Virginia, [Colony] Council 
proceedings 1773, Nov. 4. ^laj- gen., Continental army. See: Greene, 
Nathanael, Plan of attack on Brunswick 1777, April. Washington, George, 
Plan for the attack at Germantown 1777, Oct. 3. 

Stephen, Alexander. See: Washington, George, List of officers submitted to Rob- 
ert Dinwiddle 1755, Aug.-Sept? 

Stephens, Edward. See: Stevens. 

Stephens, Joseph. Letter to George Washington 1760, Nov. 15. See: Ballendine, 
John to George Washington 1760, Nov. 18. 

Stephens, Richard. See: Ballendine, John, Memorandum to George Washington 
1760, Jan. 23. Stephens, Joseph to George Washington 1760, Nov. 15. 

Stephens, William. See: Georgia, [State] Savannah, Citizens, Proceedings of 
meeting 1795, July 25. 

Stephens, . Sergt., major Andrew Leivis's company, 1st Virginia regiment. 

See: Fort Duquesne, Pennsylvania, Major James Grant's reconnoissance, 
Return to George Washington 1758, Sept. 14. 

Sterling, William Alexander, Lord. See: Stirling. 

Steuben, Frederick William Augustus Henry Ferdinand, Baron von. Maj. gen. and 
inspector gen. Continental army. See: Lee, Charles to George Washington 
1778, June 2. Washington, George, Circular letter 1780, Jan. 22. Heath, 
William to George Washington 1783, June 24. 

Steuben, Frederick William; Knox, Henry; Hand, Edward and Pickering, 
Timothy. Officers, Continental army. Report to George Washington 1783, 
June 25. 

Steven, Adam. See: Stephen. 

Stevens, Edward. Consxd-general of United States at St. Domingo. See: Washington, 
George to Clement Biddle 1799, June 6. 

Stevens. See also Stephens. 

Stevenson, Henry. British naval officer and prisoner. Petition to George Washing- 
ton. See: Clutterbuck, Christian ^L and others to George Washington 
1776, May 5. 



294 INDEX. 

steward, "Walter. See: Stewart. 

Stewart, Anthony. See: Mississippi Company, Articles of association 1763, | 
June 3. I 

Stewart, Charles. Col. and commissary general of issues, Continental army. Answers 
to questions. See: Washington, George, A summary of intelligence ob- 
tained from Edward Hand 1779, May-June? Answers to sixteen questions 
propounded by George Washington 1779, May-June? See: Blaine, Ephraim 
to George Washington 1781, March 21. 

Stew^art, Charles. Major, 63d regiment, British army. See: Amicus Eeipublicae to 
George Washington 1780, June 28-30. 

Stewart, James. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Stewart, James. Capt., 5th New York regiment. See: New York [State] Troops, 
Return of officers 1779, April? 

Stewart, John. Lt. col., 1st Maryland regiment. See: Greaton, James, Eeport 
to George Washington 1783, April 24. 

Stewart, Robert. Capt., 1st Virginia regiment. See: Fort Duquesne, Pennsyl- 
vania, Major James Grant's reconnoissance. Return to George Washington 
1758, Sept. 14. Virginia, [Colony] Council proceedings 1773, Nov. 4. 

Stewart, Robert. Private, 80th regiment, British army. See: Durie, Thomas, Re- 
turn to George Washington 1781, Oct. 2. 

Stewart, Walter. Capt., 1st Virginia regiment. See: Fort Duquesne, Pennsylvania, 
Major James Grant's reconnoissance. Return to George Washington 1758, 
Sept. 14. Washington, George, List of officers killed etc. at Fort Duquespe, 
Pennsylvania, on Major James Grant's reconnoissance 1758, Sept. 14. 

Stewart. See also Stuart. 

Stickney, Jonathan. Private, capt. Tliomas Mighill's company, col Samuel Gerrish's 
3fas.sackiuetts regiment. Petition to George Washington. See: Sawyer, 
Ezekiel and others to George Washington 1775, Oct. 9. 

Stickney, Josiah. Private, capt. Thomas MighilVs company, col Samuel Gerrish's 
Massachusetts regiment. Petition to George Washington. See: Sawyer, 
Ezekiel and others to George Washington 1775, Oct. 9. 

Stiles, Ezra. CI er gyynan, Nettport, Rhode Island. Letter to, See: Harrison, Robert 
Hanson 1775, Dec. 12. 

Stirling, Thomas. Brig, gen., British army. See: Culper, Samuel to John Bolton 
1780, April 5. 

Stirling, William Alexander, Lord. Maj. gen., Continental army. See: Washington, 
George, Plan for the attack at Germantown 1777, Oct. 3. Lee, Charles to 
George Washington 1778, June 2. Washington, George, General orders 
1778, June 11. Plan of attack on Egg Harbor 1778? Oct? Memorandum 
submitted to George Washington for "immediate consideration" 1782, 
Jan. 14. 

Stith, Thomas. Member of Virginia House of Burgesses. See: Virginia, [Colony] 
Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Stobo, Robert. CajA., 1st Virginia regiment. A return of company 1754, July 9. 
• See: Virginia, [Colony] Council proceedings 1773, Nov. 4. 

Stoddart, Benjamin. See: Stoddert. 

Stoddert, Benjamin. Capt., col. Thomas Hartley's additional Continental regiment. 
See: Washington, George, A summary of intelligence obtained from Edward 
Hand 1779, May-June? 

Stone, Eley. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 



INDEX. 295 

stone, John. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
Stone, "William. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
Stoning-ton, Connecticut. See: Connecticut, [Colony] Stonington. 
Storer, Daniel. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
Storing, John. Sailor from British ship ^^Wedbey." See: Heard, John, Return 

to George \Yashington 1778, June 18. 
Storrs, Ebenezer. Col., 3d Connecticut regiment. Certificate to. See: Spalding, 

John 1775, Nov. 11. Foster Isaac, Certificate of illness of Caleb Stanley 

1775, Nov. 12. 
Storrs, Experience. Lt. col., 3d Connecticut regiment. Letter to Georgc! Washington 

1775, Oct. 30, Nov. 11. 
Stoughton, Samuel jr. Ensign, col. .Tedidiah Huntington's Connecticut regiment. 

Petition to George Washington 1775, Oct. 9-16. 
Strachan, William. Commissary f, Continental army. See: Continental army, Cattle 

for, 1777, Dec? 
Stradler, . See: Gassaway, Henry, Account against Jonathan Boucher 1771, 

Dec. 18. 
Stranger (A). Secret agent near New York. Letter to Elias Dayton 1780, Oct. 17. 

Letter to George Washington 1780, Oct. 23. 
Straubenzee, Turner. Major, Uthregiment, British army. See: Mitchell, William, 

Examination 1777, Jan? 
Strebency, Turner. See: Straubenzee. 
Strickland, William. Letter to, See: Washington, George 1795, July 15; 1796, 

Feb. 20. 
Stringer, . Philadelphia clergyman. See: Z to George Washington 1778, 

Dec. 16. 

Strong, . See: Brewster, Caleb to Benjamin Tallmadge 1780, Auk. 27. 

Stuart, Hon. Charles. Major, 43d regiment, British army. See: Howe, William to 

(xeorge Washington 1776, Nov. 8. 
Stuart, David. Physician. See: Washington, George to George? Minor 1794, 

April 13. Letter to. See: Washington, George 1794, Sept. 21. See: Wash- 
ington, George to James Anderson 1798, June 11. Washington, George to 

George Washington Lafayette 1798, Dec. 25. 
Stuart, James. Physician. See: Washington, George to John Francis Mercer 1794, 

March 10. 
Stuart, Robert. Captf, 1st Virginia regiment. See: Washington, George, List of 

officers submitted to Robert Dinwiddle 1755, Aug. -Sept? 
Stuart, Walter. Ensign, 1st Virginia regiment. See: Washington, (ireorge, List of 

officers submitted to Robert Dinwiddie 1755, Aug.-Sept? 
Stuart. See also Stewart. 
Studson, Prince. Capt., col. .Jonathan Brewer's artificer regiment. See: Washington, 

George, A return of artificer regiment. 1776, Aug. 4. 
Sullivan, John. Brig, gen., Continental army. Proceedings of a court of inquiry 

1775, Sept. 9. List of men recommended for discharge 1775, Oct. 14. 
List of officers who have requested leave to resign 1775, Oct? Letter to 
George Washington 1775, Nov. 29. Letter to. See: Moylan, Stephen 

1776, Jan. 27. Harrison, Robert Hanson 1776, Feb. 9. Maj. gen.. Con- 
tinental army. See: Washington, George to Nicholas Cooke 1776, April 1. 
Fitzgerald, John to John Sullivan 1776, May 25. Letter to, See: Tilgh- 



296 . IJSTDEX. / 

Sullivan, John — Continued. 

man, Tench 1777, June 14, June 18. Fitzgerald, John 1777, July? Hamil- 
ton, Alexander 1777, Sept. See: Washington, George, Plan for the attack 
at Germantown 1777, Oct. 3. Letter to George "Washington 1777, Dee. 
10? See: Tilghman, Tench, Draft of information and questions for a 
council of war 1778, Oct. 16. Letter to, See: Washington, George 1779, 
July 5. See: Washington, George, Return of troops 1779, Aug? 

Sullivan's expedition against the Susquehannah Indians. See: Washington, 
George, A summary of intelligence 1779, May-June? Washington, 
George, Account of various routes 1779, May-June? Hand, Edward, 
Answers to questions 1779, May-June? Cox, James and Patterson, Samuel, 
Answers to questions 1779, May-June? Stewart, Charles, Answers to ques- 
tions 1779, May-June? See: Washington, George, Sixteen questions 
propounded to James Cox or Samuel Patterson 1779, May-June? 

Summers, John. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Summers, . See: Washington, George to Tobias Lear 1796, ^Nlarch 21. 

Sumner, Eljenezer. Lt., 2d Connecticut regiment. Remonstrance to Joseph Spencer. 
See: Connecticut, [Colony] Troops, 2d regiment, Remonstrance of officers 
1775, July 26? 

Surg-eons, Continental army. See: Sullivan, John, Proceedings of a court of 
inquiry 1775, Sept. 9. 

Susquehannah Indians, Expedition against. See: Sullivan's expedition against 
the Susquehannah Indians. 

Sutherland, William. British deserter, late sergt., 45th regiment. Testimony. See: 
Lee, Charles to George Washington 1778, June 2. 

Suthird, Benjamin. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Suttin, John. See: Brewster, Caleb to Benjamin Tallmadge 1780, Aug. 27. 

Sutton, John. See: Suttin. 

S'wan, Caleb. Commissary?, Continental arniy. See: Continental army. Cattle for, 
1777, Dec? 

Swarthout, Abraham. See: Swartwout. 

Swartwout, Abraham. Capt., 2d New York regiment. See: XicoU, Isaac, Return 
to George Washington 1776, Apr. 23-29. Clinton, James, Return to 
George AVashington 1776, June 19. 

Swartwout, Jacobus. Col., Neiv York levies. See: Washington, George, Memoran- 
dum 1776. 

Swenburn, John. Private, major Andretv Lewis's company, 1st Virginia regiment. 
See: Fort Duquesne, Pennsylvania, Major James Grant's reconnoissance, 
Return to George Washington 1758, Sept. 14. 

Swift, Heman. Col., 2d Connecticut regiment. See: Pickering, Timothy to George 
Washington 1782, Oct. 15. 

Symonds, Thomas. Capt. commanding British naval forces at Yorktovn, Virginia. 
Articles of capitulation at Yorktown. See: Cornwallis, Charles, Earl and 
Symonds, Thomas, Articles of capitulation 1781, Oct. 19. 

Symsbury, Connecticut. See: Connecticut, [Colony] Symsbury. 

Sytez, George Capt-lt., 3d Neiv York regiment. See: New York, [State] Troops, 
Return of officers 1779, April? 

Tabb, John. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Talbot? Samuel. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Talbott, John. Member of Virginia House of Burgesses. See: Virginia, [Colony] 
Articles of association 1770, June 22. 



INDEX. 297 

Talbutt, Benjamin. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
Talleyrand-Perigord, Charles Maurice de. .Vhiister of foreign affairs of France. 

kSee: Washington, George to James Lloyd 1799, Feb. 11. 
Tallnaadge, Benjamin. Major, 2d Continental dragoons. During Major Tallmadge's 

c'onnection with the United States secret service he was known to many as 

John Bolton. Many letters were addressed to him, therefore, under the 

latter title and are entered under that rularic. 
Tallmadg'e, Benjamin. Major, 2d Continental dragoons. Letter to, See: Brewster, 

Caleb 1780, Aug. 27. Letter to George Washington 1780, Oct. 11. Letter 

to. See: S. G. 1781, July 15. 
Taplin, John. Private, col. Thomas Proctor's 4th Continental artillery. See: Heard, 

John, Return to George Washington 1778, June 18. 
Tarle, Benoit Joseph de. Lt. col., regiment de Bouillon. See: Washington, George 

to Count de Rochambeau 1 782, Feb. 23. 
Tarleton, Sir Banastre. Lt. col., 79tli regiment, British army and col., ^^ Tarleton's 

Legion," British 2)rovincial troops. See: South Carolina, [State] British Forces 

in, 1781, Aug. 10. Yorktown, Virginia, British Forces at, 1781, Oct. 4. 
Tate, James. Physician. See: Washington, George to l^nnd Washington 1794, 

Nov. 19. 
Tayler, William. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
Tayloe, John. Sei': Washington, George to Henry Lee 1799, April 18. 
Taylor, Christian. Prirate, capt. John WesVs company, 1st Virginia regiment. See: 

West, John jr.. Return of new recruits 1754, June? 
Taylor, Henry. Member of Virginia House of Burgesses. See: Virginia, [Colony] 

Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
Taylor, John. Col., New Jersey state regiment. See: Washington, George, Memo- 
randum of New Jersey militia 1780, June. 
Taylor, Joseph. Loyalist merchant, late of Boston. See: Heard, John, Return to 

George Washington 1778, June 18. 
Taylor, . Private.'', capt. Moses McFarland's company, col. John Nixon's Mas.m- 

chuseits regiment. See: Morgan, John to George Washington 1776, July 4. 
Taylor. See also: Tayler. 

Tazewell, John. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
Tearse, Peter B. Lt., 1st New York regiment. See: New York, [State] Troops, 

Return of officers 1779, April? 
Tebbs, Foushee. Member of Virginia House of Burgesses. See: Virginia, [Colony] 

Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
Temple, Benjamin. Lt. col., 1st Continental dragoons. See: Bland, Theodorick to 

George Washington 1777, Dec. 11? 
Ten Broeck, John C. Lt., 1st New York regiment. See: New York, [State] Troops, 

Return of officers 1779, April? 
Ternant, Jean Baptiste. Ll. col. and inspector, Continental army. See: Washmgton, 

George to Count de Rochambeau 1782, Jan. 14. 
Ternay, Charles Louis d'Arsae, Chevalier de. Commanding French fleet in America. 

See: Amicus Reipublicae to George Washington 1780, June 28-30. 
"Terrible." British man-of-tvar. See: Littel D.. to John Hendricks 1780, Oct. 16. 

See: A Stranger to Elias Dayton 1780, Oct. 17. Littel D. to John Hen- 
dricks 1780, Oct. 28? 
Terrill, Thomas. Lt., capt. John Ripley's company, col. Jedidiah Huntington' s Con- 
necticut regiment. Petition to George Washington 1775, Oct. 7. 



298 INDEX. 

Terry, Xathaniel. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
"Thames." British man-of-vxrr at Xeir York. See: New York, British Forces at, 

Information respecting, 1779, Dec. 
Thare, Jeremiah. Private, capt. Oliver Capron's company, col. Ephraim Doolittle's 

Massachusetts regiment. See: Sullivan, John to George Washington 1775, 

Oct. 14. 
Thare, Nehemiah. Private, capt. Oliver Capron's company, col. Ephraim Doolittle's 

Massachusetts regiment. See: Sullivan, John to George Washington 1775, 

Oct. 14. 
Thatcher, James. Surgeon's mate, 6th Continental infantry. Letter to George 

Washington. See: Haynes, Aaron and others to George Washington 1776, 

April 1. 
Thayendanegea. See: Brant, Joseph. 
Thayer. See: Thare. 

Thomas, Aaron. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
Thomas, Abishai. Deputy-quartermaster general, North Carolina brigade. Recom- 
mendation of. See: Clark, Thomas and others to George Washington 1778, 

June 12. 
Thomas, Cornelius. Member of Virginia House of Burgesses. See: Virginia, [Colony] 

Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
Thomas, John. Brig, gen.. Continental army. Letter to, See: Reed, Joseph 1775, 

July 15. Letter to George Washington 1775, Oct. 11, Oct. 13, Oct. 23, 

Dec. 8. Letter to, See: Harrison, Robert Hanson 1775, Dec. 8, Dec. 26. 
Thomas, John. Private, capt. John West^ s company, 1st Virginia regiment. See: West, 

John jr., Return of new recruits 1754, June? 
Thomas, J. V. See: Washington, George, Observations on Jame.s Anderson's 

accounts 1798, Feb. 1. 
Thomas, Philip. Capt., 3d New Hampshire regiment. See: Sullivan, John to George 

Washington 1775, Oct. 14. 
Thomas, Thomas. Col., New York militia. See: Washington, George, Memoran- 
dum 1776. 
Thompson, Benjamin. Sergt.,. 9t]i Continental infantry. See: Varnum, James 

[Mitchell to George Washington 1776, May 10. 
Thompson, Benjamin. Lt. col., King's American dragoons. See: New York, British 

Forces at. Information respecting, 1782. 
Thompson, Benjamin. Count Rumford. See: Rumford. 
Thompson, Collin. Private, capt. Robert Stewart's company, 1st Virginia regiment. 

See: Fort Duquesne, Pennsylvania, Major James Grant's reconnoissance. 

Return to George Washington 1758, Sept. 14. 
Thompson, Elias? of East Haven, Connecticut. See: Cul^Der, Samuel to John Bolton 

1780, Nov. 5. 
Thompson, lames. Private, capt. Winborn Adam.i's company, £d New Hampsliire 

regiment. See: Sullivan, John to George Washington 1775, Oct. 14. 

Thompson, Nathaniel. See: Washington, George, List of officers submitted to 
Robert Dinwiddle 1755, Aug.-Sept? 

Thompson, Rueben. Private, commander in chief's guard. See: Washington, George, 
Return of the commander in chief's guard 1783, March 2. 

Thompson, Samuel. Private, col. Samuel Holden Parsons' s additional Continental regi- 
ment. See: Morgan, John to George Washington 1776, July 13. 



INDEX. 299^ 

Thompson, William. Col., 2(1 Pennsylvania rifle regiment. Return of deserters 1775, 
Oct. 23. Letter to George Washington 1775, Nov. ];l Brig, gen., Con- 
tinental an nn. Letter to, See: Moylan, Stephen 1776, April 28. 

Thompson. See also: Thomson and Tompson. 

Thomson, Charles. Letter to, See: Washington, George 17V)3, Jan. 81. 

Thornhill, Richard. Late jjrivate, capt. Xoah Nidiola.'i's companij, col. Benjamin 
Flower' s artillery and artificer regiment. See: Flower, Benjamin, Return to 
George Washington 1780, Feb. 22. 

Thornton, ^Matthew. President of Neiv Hampshire Convention. Letter to, See: 
Washington, George 1775, Jan. 11. See: Moylan, Stephen to a Commit- 
tee of the Council of Massachusetts 1775, Nov. 4. Letter to. See: ^loylan, 
Stephen 1776, Feb. 7. 

Thornton, Presley. See: Mississippi Company, Articlesof a.ssociation 1763, June 3. 

Thornton, Presley. Capt., United Slates army. See: Washington, George to Charles 
Cotesworth Pinckney 1799, June 5. 

Thornton, William. Physician and commissioner of the Federal City. Letter to, 
See: AVashington, George 1798, Dec. 20, Dec. 30; 1799, Jan. 30, Feb. 15, 
April 21, June 16. Letter to George Washington. See: Scott, Gustavus; 
Thornton, William and White, Alexander to George Washington 1799, 
Sept. 2. 

Thoyt, Thomas. Private, capt. Asa Prince's company, col. John MansfiekVs Massachu- 
setts regiment. See: Sullivan, John to George Washington 1775, Oct. 14. 

Threkald, . See: Washington, George to Gustavus Scott 1797, June 19. 

Thrift, Charles. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Thrift, Pearson. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Thruston, Charles M. Colonel. Letter to, See: Washington, George 1794, 
Aug. 10. 

Tiebout, Henry. Capt., 3d New York regiment. See: New York, [State] Troops, 
Return of officers 1779, April? 

Tighlman, Tench. See: Tilghman. 

Tiley, Ruth. Letter to. See: Harrison, Robert Hanson 1775, Dec. 16. 

Tilghraan, Tench. Capt. and military .secretary to Washington. See: Drummond, 
James? Lord to George Washington 1776, Aug. 19. Continental army. 
Form of warrant 1776. Lt. col. and aid de camj) to Washington. Letter 
to John Sullivan 1777, June 14, June 18. Signature. See: Washington, 
George, Certificate as to color of cloth 1778, Oct. 28. Letter to. See: Brooks, 
David 1781, May 15. Ledyard, Isaac 1781, May 15? Lt. col., aid de camp 
and military secretary to Washington. Estimate sent to George Wasliington 
1782, Oct., Dec. 

Tilghman, William. Letter to. See: Washington, George 1794, March 31. See: 
Washington, George to Bushrod Washington 1796, March 9. 

Tilles, Samuel. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Tilley, Ruth. See: Tiley. 

Tillinghast, Daniel. Letter to, See: Harrison, Robert Hanson 1776, July 29. 

Tillit, John. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Tilton, Philip. Capt., 3d New Hampshire regiment. See: Sullivan, John to George 
Washington 1775, Oct. 14. Oct? 

Timberlake, Joseph. Private, commander in chief s guard. See: Washington, George,. 
Return of the commander in chief's guard 1783, March 2. 



300 INDEX. 

Tinzey, . Ccq)t., East Indiaman ^ Ganges'^ See: Dandridge, Bartholomew to 

John M. Pintard 1795, April 14. 

Titcomb, Benjamin. Copt., 2d Neiv Ha'apshire regiment. See: Sullivan, John to 
Georoje Washington 1775, Oct. 14. 

Titus, Jonathan. Capt., 4th Xew York regivient. See: New York, [State] Troops, 
Return of oflBcers 1779, April? 

Todd, Samuel. Private, capA. Thomas MigliilVs company, col. Samuel GerrisJi's 3fassa- 

chusetts regiment. Petition to George Washington. See: Sawyer, Ezekiel 

and other's to George Washington 1775, Oct. 9. 
Tolbert, . Sergt., major Andrew Lewis's company, 1st Virginia regiment. See: 

Fort Duquesne, Pennsylvania, Major James Grant's reconnoissance. Return 

to George Washington 1758, Sept. 14. 

Tolbot? Samuel. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Tompson, Samuel. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Tories on Long Island, List of. See: Greene, Nathanael, List of principal tories 
on Long Island 1776, Aug. 11. 

Torrans, Joseph. See: Torrence. 

Torrence, Joseph. Lt., capt. Jeremiah TalboVs company, 7th Pennsylvania regiment. 
Petition to George Washington. See: McClelan, John and others to George 
Washington 1778, Sept. 15. 

Totten, . Capt., militia? See: Pray, John to George Washington 1782, 

June 17. 

Toussaint, Dominique Francois. See: Toussaint L' Overture. 

Toussaint li'Overture, Dominique Francois. Military dictator in St. Domingo. See: 
Washington, George to Clement Biddle 1799, June 6. 

Towers, James. See: Virginia, [Colony] Council proceedings 1773, Nov. 4. 

Townsend, David. Surgeon, Gtli Continental infatitry. Letter to George Washing- 
ton. See: Haynes, Aaron and others to George Washington 1776, April 1. 

Tracy, Nathan. Letter to. See: Reed, Joseph 1775, Sept. 7. 

Trameld, Gariard. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Trameld? Garianl jr. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Trammell, Gariard jr. See: Trameld. 

Treaty of Amity, Commerce and Navigation with Great Britain. See: Georgia, 
[State] Savannah, Citizens, Proceedings of meeting 1795, July 25. See: 
Georgia, [State] Savannah, Citizens, Letter to George Washington 1795, 
Aug. 1. 

Trech., . Deserter, from col. Carl Emil Kurt von Dunop's rorpis of yagers. Exam- 
ination 1778, Oct. 31? 

Trenor, Peter. See: Washington, George to Bryan, Lord Fairfax 1794, Sept. 

Trent, Alexander. Member of Virginia Houm' of Burgesses. See: Virginia, [Colony] 
Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Trescott, Lemuel. Capt., 6th Continental infantry. Letter to George Washington. 
See: Haynes, Aaron and others to George Washington 1776, April 1. Whit- 
comb, Asa, List of officers 1776, April 1. Major, 4th Massachusetts regiment. 
See: Greaton, James, Report to George Washington 1783, April 24. 

"Triumph." British man-of-war. See: A Stranger to Elias Dayton 1780, Oct. 17. 

Troutback, John. Private, capt. Robert Stetvart's company, 1st Virginia regiment. 
See: Fort Duquesne, Pennsylvania, Major James Grant's reconnoissance, 
Return to George Washington 1758, Sept. 14. 



INDEX. 301" 

Trowbridge, . Loyalist. See: Culper, Samuel to Joiiu Bolton 1780, Sept. 

1 and 5. 

Trumbach Regiment. Col. Carl Ernst von Bischhausen. See: German Troops in 
America, List forwarded to George Washington 1780-1. 

"Trumbull." Continental frigate, cajit. James Nicliolson. See: Amicus Republicae to 
George Washington 1780, July 16-19. Continental Congress, Admiralty 
Board to George Washington 1780, Aug. 14, Aug. 31. 

Trumbull, John. Secretary to John Jay. See: Washington, George to Tobias Lear 
1794, 3Iay 6. Letter to. See: AVashington, George 1797, Jan. 13. Seer 
Washington, George to Joseph Anthony 1799, March 17. 

Trumbull, Jonathan. Governor of Connecticut. Letter to. See: Washington, George 
1775, July 18, Aug. 4, Aug. 9, Aug. 14, Aug. 23, Oct. 5, Oct. 13. See: Wash-' 
ington, George to Christopher French 1775, Aug. 31. Reed, Joseph to 
Thomas Wharton 1775, Aug. 31. Letter to. See: Washington, George 1775,' 
Nov. 2, Nov. 12, Dec. 17; 1776, July 9, July 11. Letter to George Wash- 
ington 1776, Nov. 30, Dec. 6, Dec. 7; 1778, Aug. 4. 

Trumbull, Jonathan jr. Lt. col. and military secretary to Washington. See: Pray, 
John to George Washington 1782, June 17. Washington, George, Procla- 
mation 1783, May 3. Washington, George to Jeremiah Wadsworth 1796, 
Feb. 11. Governor of Connecticut. See: Washington, George to Joseph 
Anthony 1799, March 17. 

Trumbull, Joseph. Col. and commissary-general of Connecticut troops. See: Reed, 
Joseph to John Thomas 1775, July 15. Commissary-general o/ stores, Conti- 
nental army. Letter to. See: Reed, Joseph 1775, Oct. 5. 

Truxton, Thomas. Captain, United States navy. See: Washington, George to Tobias 
Lear 1 794, May 6. 

"Tryon." Sloop, Barent Van Alen, master. See: Hughes, Hugh, Return to George 
Washington 1776, Jmie 4, June 5. 

Tryon, William. Maj. gen., British army and governor of Neiv York. See: Z ta 
George Washington 1778, Dec. 16. Culper, Samuel to John Bolton 1780, 
Aug. 16. 

Tucker, John. Private, capt. David Moore's company, col. JoJin Nixon's Massachusetts 
regiment. See: Sullivan, John to George Washington 1775, Oct. 14. 

Tucker, St. George. Letter to. See: Washington, George 1797, May 30. 

Tuckerman, Abraham. IJ. and adj., 6th Continental infantry. Letter to George 
Washington. See: Hay nes, Aaron and others to George Washington 1776, 
April 1. Whitcomb, Asa, List of officers 1776, April 1. 

Tudor, William. Col. and member Massaclmsetts House of Re])resentatives. See: Mas- 
sachusetts, [State] Boston, Vote of Committee on reception of the President 
1789, Oct.' 

Tufin, Charles Armand, Marquis de la Rouerie. Col., jiartisan corps. Continental 
army. See: Washington, George to Count de Rochambeau 1782, Jan. 14. 
Ex-brig, gen.. Continental army. See: Washington, George to Count de 
Rochambeau 1784, May 16. 

Tunnell, William. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Tunnell, William jr? See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Tupper, Benjamin. Major, col. John Fellows' s Massachusetts regiment See: Massachu- 
setts, [Colony] Springfield, Committee of Corresijondence to George Wash- 
ington 1775, Oct. 2. Letter to. See: Washington 1775, Oct. 20. Reed, 
Joseph 1775, Oct. 26. See: Moylan, Stephen to William Watson 1775,. 



302 INDEX. 

Tupper, Benjamin — Continued. 

Nov. 2. Lt. col., 21st Continental infantry. Letter to, See: Harrison, Rob- 
ert Hanson 1776, May 14. Washington, George 1776, June 25. Certifi- 
cate to George Washington. See: Cook, Robert, Payroll of ofiicers 1776, 
Sept. 29. Col., 10th Massachusetts regiment. Report to. See: Gibbs, Caleb 
1781, July 30. 

Tupper, Benjamin; Rochefontaine, Bechet de. and Nelson, . Officers, 

Continental army. Report to George Washington 1783, Jan? 

Turner, Cornelius. Private, capt. Henry Miller's comjxmy, col. William Thompson's 
2d Pennsylvania rifle battalion. See: Thompson, William, Return 1775, 
Oct. 23. 

Turner, Philip. Surgeon, Continental liospital. List of sick officers and soldiers 
1776, Nov. 10. 

Turner, William. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Tyler, John. Lt. col., 10th Continental infantry. Address to George Washington. 
See: Parsons, Samuel Holden and others to George Washington 1776, June 
29. Col., 10th Continental infantry. See: Washington, George, Memoran- 
dum 1776. 

Tyler, Patrick. Capt., 80th regiment, Britisli army. See: Durie, Thomas, Return to 
George Washington 1781, Oct. 

United States, Continental Congress. See: Continental Congress. 

Van Alen, Barent. Master, sloop ^^ Try on." Receipt to Hugh Hughes. See: Hughes, 
Hugh, Return to George Washington 1776, June 4, June 5. 

Van Berkel, Peter John. Dutcli Minister to United States. See: Washington, George 
to Count de Rochambeau 1783, Oct. 15. 

Van Braam, Jacob. Capt., 1st Virginia regiment. A return of company 1754, July 
9. List of company 1754, July 9. See: Virginia, [Colony] Council pro- 
ceedings 1773, Nov. 4. 

Van Buskirk, Abraham. Lt. col. , 3d battalion. New Jersey Volunteers, British j)ro- 
vincial troops. See: Dickson, James, Examination 1780, June 15. Ami- 
cus Reipublicae to George Washington 1780, June 28, July 16-19. New 
York, British Forces at. Information respecting, 1780, Aug. 12. Littel D. 
to John Hendricks 1780, Sept. 25. 

Van Cortlandt, Philip. Col., 2d New York regiment. See: Washington, George, 
Memorandum 1776. New York, [State] Troops, Return of officers 1779, 
April? Washington, George, Extracts from general orders 1783, April 3. 
Letter to George Washington. See: Huntington, Jedidiah; Van Cortlandt, 
Philip and Nicola, Lewis to George Washington 1783, May 27. 

Van Cortlandt, Philip. Col., "Heard's Brigade" , Essex county, Neiv Jersey, militia. 
See: Washington, George, Memorandum of New Jersey militia 1780, June. 

Vanderburgh, Henr}^ W. Capt-lt., 5th New York regiment. See: New York, [State] 
Troops, Return of officers 1779, April? 

V. D. Secret agent See: New York, British Forces at. Information respecting, 
1780,. May 27. 

Vanderhoven, John. See: Vanderhov 

Vanderhovern, Elizabeth. See: Littel D. to John Hendricks 1780, Oct. 26, Oct. 
26-7, Oct. 28? 

Vanderhovern, John. Secret agent near New York. Letter to George Washington 
1780, Nov. 6. 



INDEX. 303 

Van Dyke, Aljraham C. Capt. of marines, frigate "Saratoga." See: Continental 
Congress, Admiralty Board to George Washington 1780, July 11. 

Van Dyke, Cornelius. Lt. col., let New York regiment. See: New York, [State] 
Troops, Return of officers 1779, April? 

Vandyke, Hendrick. Col., New Jersey state regiment. See: "Washington, George, 
Memorandum of New Jersey militia 1780, June. 

Van Lear, William. Lt., 9th Pennsylvania regiment. Petition to George Wanhing- 
ton. See: McClelan, John and other officers to George Washington 1778, 
Sept. 15. 

Van Ranselair. See: Van Rensselaer. 

Van Rensselaer, Nicholas. Capt., 1st New York regiment. See: New York, [State] 
Troops, Return of officers 1779, April? 

Van Rensselaer, Robert. Col., New York militia. Letter to, See: Washington, 
George 1776, May 17. 

Van Schaick, Goose. Col., 1st New York regiment. See: New York, [State] Troops, 
Return of officers 1779, April? Memf)randum of reply to George Washing- 
ton. See: Copp, John to George Washington 1779, May 16. See: Scudder, 
AVilliam to George Washington 1780, June 13. Clinton, James to George 
Washington 1779, June 14. Varick, Richard, Memorandum of papers 
1781? 

Vans Murray, William. See: Bruff, Thomas to George Washington 1784. 3/m- 
ixti'r of United States to the Netherlands. Letter to. See: Washington, George 
1798, Aug. 10, Dec. 26. 

Van Vleck, Jacob. Clergyman. See: Washington, George to Tobias Lear 1796, 
Nov. 16. Letter to. See: Washington, George 1796, Dec. 5. See: Wash- 
ington, George to Tobias Lear 1796, Dec. 14; 1797, Jan. 13. 

Van Wert, Isaac. See: Van Woert. 

Van Woert, Isaac. Capt., 2d New York regiment. See: New York, [State] Troops, 
Return of officers 1779, April? 

Varick, Richard. Lt. col. and recording secretary to Washington. Memorandum of 
papers relative to routes into Canada 1781. State of volumes in hands of, 
1783, Aug. 14. 

Varnum, James Mitchell. Col., Ixt Rliode Island regiment. See: Babcock, James, 
Petition to George Washington 1775, Aug. 22. Parke, John, Petition to 
George Washington 1775, Aug. 22. Letter to George W^ashington 1775, 
Dec. 5. Col., 9th Continental infantry. Petition to George Washington 
1776, May 10. See: Washington, George, Memorandum 1776. Brig, gen., 
Continental army. See: Sullivan, John to George Washington 1777, Dec. 
10?, Pickering, Timothy to George Washington 1778, Jan. 10. Lee, Charles 
to George Washington 1778, June 2. Washington, George, General orders 
1778, June 11. 

Varnum, Jonathan. Lt., col. .Jonathan Brewer^ s artificer regiment. See: Washington, 
George, A return of artificer regiment 1776, Aug. 4. 

Vaudreuil, Lewis Philippe de Rigaud, Manjuis de Chef d' Escadre, French fleet in 
America. Letter to, See: Washington, George 1782, Aug. 10. See Wash- 
ington, George to Count de Rochambeau 1782, Aug. 11, Nov. 3. 

■"Vaughan." British galley at Lloyds Neck. See: S. G. to John Bolton 1781, July 
30. 



304 INDEX. 

Vaughan, John. ^aj. gen., British army. See: Z to George Washington 1778, 

Dec. 7. Amicus ReipubUcae to George Washington 1780, July 16. 
Vaughen. See: Yauglian. 
Veal, Abraham. Private, 5th regiment Buidie.'is county, New York, militia. See: 

Lasick, Ludwig, Examination 1780, June 16. 
Veatch, Hezekiah. See: Washington, George to Francis Deakins 1799, Jan. 25, 

June 16, June 26. 
Vernon, Job. Capt-lt., 5th Pennsylvania regiment. Petition to George Washington. 

See: McClelan, John and other officers to George Washington 1778, 

Sept. 15. 
Vidal, . French gentleman in New York. Letter to George Washington. See: 

D'Orillac, Le Chevalier and others to George Washington 1776, Aug. 6. 
Vidlehausen, . Col., Anspach Hessian regiment. See: German Troops in 

America, List forwarded to George Washington 1780-1. 
Vinal, Benjamin. Master, armed galley '^Lady Washingto7i." See: Cook, Robert, 

Payroll of officers 1776, Sept. 

Vinal, Joseph. Private, commander in chief's guard. See: Washington, George, 
Return (jf the commander in chief's guard 1783, March 2. 

Vincent, Jean. Hereditary chief of the Huron Indians. See: Gosselin, Clement to 
George Washington 1781, Jan? 

Vinson, William Private f, col. Daniel Hitclicock's Rhode Island regiment. See: Hitch- 
cock, Daniel to George Washington 1775, Oct 7, Oct 9. 

Violet, John. See: Washington, George, Observations on James Anderson's 
accounts 1798, Feb. 1. 

Viomenil, Antoine Charles du Houx, Baron de. Maj. gen., French army in Amer- 
ica. See: Washington, Cieorge, Regimental orders 1781, Oct. 20. 

Viomenil, Charles Joseph Hyacinthe du Houx, Marquis de. Maj. gen., French army 
in America. See: Washington, George, Regimental orders 1781, Oct. 20. 

Virginia, [Colony] Troops. Present and proposed establishment 1754? March- 
Oct. 1st regiment. See: West, John jr.. Return of new recruits 1754, June? 
A morning re^^urn to George Washington 1754, July 1. List of names of the 
men who have received bounty money 1754. Organization of. See: Wash- 
ington, George, List of officers submitted to Robert Dinwiddle 1755, Aug.- 
Sept? Augusta county militia. Council of officers 1756, July 27. 1st regiment. 
See: Fort Duquesne, Pennsylvania, Major James Grant's reconnoissance 
1758, Sept. 14. Articles of association. 1770, June 22. Council. Proceedings 
on western land grants 1773, Nov. 4. Troops, 3d regiment. Memorial of l.st 
lieutenants to George Washington 1776, Sept. Fairfax county. Letter to 
George Washington, Capt. John West and John West esq. 1774, May 16. 
Memoranda respecting law of inspection of fish 1774, May 16? Summary of 
resolves passed at a meeting oi inhabitants and freeholders 1774, July 18. 
Alexandria. Improvement of. See: Ramsey, William; Adam, Robert and 
Carlyle & Dalton to George Washington and John AVest 1774, May 16. 
Yorktown. British Forces at. See: Yorktown. 

Viven, . Cajit., col. Nathaniel Gist'.'< additiowd Continental regiment. See: Gist, 

Nathaniel, Return 1778, Jan. 9. 

Vorus, . Military store-keeper. See: Lowry, Stephen and Wharton, Carpenter, 

Return of provisions 1776, Nov. 29. 

Vose, Amariah. Soldier in late Continental army. Petition to George Washington. 
See: Jennings, Daniel and others to George Washington 1789, Oct. 28. 



INDEX. 305 

Vose, Joseph. Col., Id Massachusetts regiment. See: Hand, Edward, Return to 
George Washington 1781, Oct. 

"Wadsworth, Amos. Ensign, 2d Connecticut regiment. Remonstrance to Joseph 
Spencer. See: Connecticut, [Colony] Troops, 2d regiment, Remonstrance 
of officers 1775, July 26? 

"Wadsworth, James. Brig, gfn., Continental army. Letter to, See: Washington, 
George 1776, June 27. 

"Wadsworth, Jeremiah. Col. and coimnissary general of pnrchases. Letter to, See: 
Washington, George 1779, Feb. 12, Feb. 14, March 2, April 20. Col. and 
late commissary general of purchases. See: Blaine, Ephraim to George Wash- 
ington 1781, March 21. Letter to. See: Washington, George 1796, Feb. 
11. 

"Wadsworth, Peleg. Capt.,col. Tlteophilus Cotton'' s Massachusetts regiment. Letter to. 
See: Moylan, Stephen 1775, Dec. 5. * 

"Wagener, Andrew. See: Virginia, [Colony] Council proceedings 1773, Nov. 4. 

"Wagener, Peter. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

"Wagener, Peter jr. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

"Waggener, Thomas. Captf, 1st Virginia regiment. See: Washington, George, 
List of officers submitted to Robert Dinwiddie 1755, Aug. -Sept? 

"Waggoner, George. Late private, 4th Continental dragoons. See: Heard, John, 
Return to George Washington 1778, June 18. 

"Waistfield, James. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

"Wakelee, Henry. Private, commander in chief's guard. See: Washington, (ieorge, 
Return of the commander in chief's guard 1783, March 2. 

"Waldecker Begiment. See: German Troops in America, List forwarded to 
George Washington 1780-1. 

"Waldo, John. Surgeon pro tern.. Continental hospital. Letter to Jedidiah Hunting- 
ton. See: Markham, Barzillai to George Washington 1775, Oct. 3. 

"Walke, Anthony. See: Virginia, [Colon}'] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Walker, Benjamin. Capt., 4th New York regiment. See: New York, [State] 
Troops, Return of officers 1779, April? Lt. col. and aid de camp to Wash- 
ington. Letter to Horatio Gates 1783, Feb. 16. 

"Walker, James. 3fember of Virginia House of Burgesses. See: Virginia, [Colony] Ar- 
ticles of association 1770, June 22. 

"Walker, Robert? of Xeiv Haven, Connecticut. See: Culper, Sanmel to John Bolton 
1780, Nov. 5. 

"Walker, Thomas. Member of Virginia Hoiise of Burgesses. See: Blair, John to George 
Washington 1773. 

"Walker, William. Private, 7th regiment, BritisJi army. See: Durie, Thomas, 
Return to George Washington 1781, Oct 18. 

"Wallace, James. Member of Virginia House of Burgesses. See: Virginia, [Colony] 
Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

"Wallace, John. British naval officer and prisoner ofirar. Petition to George Wash- 
ington. See: Ciutterbuck, Christian M. and others to George Washington 
1776, May 5. 

"Waller, Benjamin. Clerk of General Court of Virginia. See: Pearson, Simon, Deed 
of sale to George Washington 1763, Feb. 14. Mercer, George and others- 
Deed of sale to George Washington 1774, Dec. 12. 

"Waller, John. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22, 
19108—01 20 



30(5 INDEX. 

Walsingliain, R. B. Commodore, British navy, on ship " TImnderer." See: Amicus 
Reipublicae to George Washington 1780, July, Aug. 1. 

Walters, Robert. Private, capt Thomas Bullitfs company, 1st Virginia regiment. See: 
Fort Duquesne, Pennsylvania, Major James Grant's reconnoissance. Return 
to George Washington 1758, Sept. 14. 

Wanson, James. Private, 7th regiment, British army. See: Durie, Thomas, Re- 
turn to George Washington 1781, Oct. 18. 

Ward, Artemas. Maj . gen. , Continental army . See: Stoughton, Samuel jr. to George 
Washington 1775, Oct. 9. Letter to. See: Washington, George 1775, Nov. 
17. Harrison, Robert Hanson 1775, Nov. 28. See: Thomas, John to 
George Washington 1775, Dec. 8. Letter to. See: Harrison, Robert Han- 
son 1775, Dec. 11. Washington, George 1775, Dec. 17. Harrison, Rob- 
ert Hanson 1775, Dec. 21, Dec. 25; 1776, Jan. 2, May 2. See: Varnum, 
James Mitchell to George Washington 1776, May 10. Letter to. See: Wash- 
ington, George 1776, May 13. Harrison, Robert Hanson 1776, May 16. 
Moylan, Stephen 1776, May 19. Harrison, Robert Hanson 1776, June 
7, June 10. Washington, George 1776, July 11. 

Ward, Benjamin. Capt., Loyal American regiment. See: A Stranger to George 
Washington 1780, Oct. 23. 

Ward, Jonathan. Col., Massachusetts regiment. See: Welch, William and others. 
Petition to George Washington 1775-76. Col., 21st Continental infantry. 
See: Foster, Isaac to John Morgan 1776, June 25. Address to George 
Washington. See: Parsons, Samuel Holden and others to George Wash- 
ington 1776, June 29. See: Washington, George, Memorandum 1776. 

Ward, Phineas. Sergt-major, col. Jonathan Breiver^s artificer regiment. See: Wash- 
ington, George, A return of artificer regiment 1776, Aug. 4. 

Ward, Richard. See: Pickering, Timothy to George Washington 1780, Oct. 15. 

Ward, . Major. See: Amicus Reipublicae to George Washington 1780, 

July 19. 

Warden, Nathan. Lt., armed galley ^' Lady Washington.^ ^ See: Cook, Robert, 
Payroll of officers 1776, Sept. 

Ware, . Capt., Maryland provincial troops. See: Washington, George, List 

of officers killed etc. at Fort Duquesne, Pennsylvania, on Major James 
Grant's reconnoissance 1758, Sept. 14. 

Warner, Robert. Ensign, 2d. Connecticut regiment. Remonstrance to Joseph Spen- 
cer. See: Connecticut, [Colony] Troops, 2d regiment. Remonstrance of 
officers 1775, July 26? 

Warner, . Surveyor? See: Washington, George to Robert Lewis 1796, 

Dec. 19. 

"Warren." Prize. See: Moylan, Stephen to Committee of Safety of Stonington 
1775, Nov. 27. 

Warren, James. Speaker, Massachusetts House of Representatives. Letter to, See: 
Gates, Horatio 1775, July 21. Washington, George 1775, July 23, July 
29, July 31, Aug. 6. Reed, Joseph 1775, Aug. 14. Washington, George 
1775, Aug. 23. Reed, Joseph 1775, Aug. 24, Aug. 25. Washington, George 
1775, Sept. 10, Sept. 28. Reed, Joseph 1775, Oct. 2. Washington, George 
1775, Oct. 30, Nov. 2. Moylan, Stephen 1775, Nov. 10. Washington, George 
1775, Nov. 29, Dec. 23; 1776, Jan. 15. Moylan, Stephen 1776, Jan. 26. 

"Washington." Armed vessel. See: Moylan, Stephen to William Watson 1775, 
Nov. 2. 

Washington, Anna Maria. See: Washington, George to Tobias Lear 1796, March 
27. Xqv- 16. Dec. 14. 



INDEX. 307 

Washington, Anne Blackburn. Se(>: Washington, George to Bushrod Washington 
1794, Feb. 23. 

Washing-ton, Bushrod. Letter to, See: Washington, George 1794, Feb. 23. See: 
Washington, George to George Minor 1794, April 13. Letter to, See: 
Washington, George 1796, Feb. 10, March 9. See: Washington, George to 
Robert Lewis 1797, March 10. Letter to, See: Washington, George 1796, 
March 21. See: Washington, George to James Anderson 1798, Nov. 1. 
Washington, George to Henry Lee 1798, Nov. 4. Washington, George to 
John ^Marshall 1798, Dec. 30. Washington, George to Henry Lee 1798, 
Dec. 31. Letter to. See: Washington, George 1798, Dec. 31. See: Wash- 
ington, George to Wilson Allen 1799, June 17. 

Washing-ton, Edward. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, 
June 22. 

Washington, Edward jr. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770. 
June 22. 

Washington, Frances. Letter to, See: Washington, George 1793, Aug. 18. 

Washington, George. Documents from. Entries for all documents written by 
Washington or untler his authority will be found in the first division of this 
calendar in chronological arrangement. 

Washington, George. Documents to. Entries for all documents received by Wash- 
ington will be found in the second division of this calendar in chronological 
arrangement. 

Washington, George Augustine. Mdjor. See: Washington, George to William 

Washington 1793, Jan. 30. Washington, George to John Fitzgerald 1793, 

Aug. 11. Washington, George to Lund Washington 1794, Nov. 19. 
Washington, George Steptoe. See: Washington, George to Robert Lewis 1796, 

March 10. Washington, George to Tobias Lear 1796, March 30. 
Washington, Harriot. See: Washington, George to Andrew Parks 1796, April 7. 
Washington, Henry. See: Washington, George to William Augustine Washington 

1799, Feb. 14. 
Washington, John Augustine. See: Mississippi Company, Articles of association 

1763, June 3. 
Washington, Lawrence. " of Chotank.'" See: Washington, George to Robert Lewis 

1796, Dec. 19. 
Washington, Lawrence Augustine. Letter to. See: Washington, George 1797, 

Sept. 3. 
Washington, Lund. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 

22. Manager of Ml. Vernon estate. Letter to, See: Washington, George 

1794, Nov. 19. 

Washington, Martha. See: Washington, George to Elias Boudinot 1782, Dec. 14. 
AVashington, George to Bushrod Washington 1794, Fel). 23. Washington, 
George to Tobias Lear 1794, May 6. Letter to Tobias Lear. See: Wash- 
ington, George and Washington, Martha, Letter to Tobias Lear 1796, March 
30. See: Washington, George to John Trumbull 1797, Jan. 13. Washington, 

George to Frederick Kitt 1798, Jan. 29. Washington, George to B 

Fendall 1798, March 6. Washington, George to John Trumbull 1798, 
July 25. Washington, George to Bryan, Lord Fairfax 1799, Jan. 20. 
Washington, George to Charles Cotesworth Pinckney 1799, June 5. Wash- 
ington, George to Edward Savage 1799, June 30. 

Washington, Samuel. See: Washington, George to David Stuart 1794, Sept. 21. 
Washington, George to Robert Lewis 1796, Dec. 19. 



308 INDEX. 

"Wasliingtoii, Warner. See: Washington, George to Robert Lewis 1796, Dec. 19. 
"Washington, William. Colonel. Letter to. See: Washington, George 1793, Jan. 

30. Brig, gen., United States army. See: Washington, George to Charles- 

Cotesworth Pinckney 1799, March 31. Letter to, See: Washington, 

George 1799, March 31. 
Washington, William Augustine. Colonel. Letter to. See: Washington, George 

1795, Feb. 18. Washington, George 1799, Feb. 14. See: Washington, 

George to Henry Lee 1799, April 18. Letter to. See: Washington, George- 

1799, May 20, May 24, June 10. 
Waterbury, David. Col., 5th Connecticut regiment. Letter to, See: W^ashington, 

George 1776, May 13. 
Watertown, Massachusetts. See: Massachusetts, [Colony] Watertown. 
Wats, Arthur. See: Watts. 
Watson, Joseph. See: Pearson, Simon, Deed of sale to George Washington 1763, 

Feb. 14. 
Watson, William. Agent for fitting out armed vessels. Letter to. See: Reed, Joseph 

1775, Oct. 17, Oct. 26. Moylan, Stephen 1775, Nov. 2, Nov. 6, Nov. 8, 

Nov. 16, Nov. 17, Nov. 18, Dec. 1, Dec. 5, Dec. 13, Dec. 26; 1776, Jan. 7. 

Harrison, Robert Hanson 1776, Jan. 20. Moylan, Stephen 1776, Jan. 25, 

Jan. 28, Feb. 1, Feb. 24, March 11. 
"Watt." British privateer, capt. CouUhard. See: Amicus Reipublicae to- 

George Washington 1780, July 16-19. 
Watts, Arthur. See: Virginia, [Colony] Council proceedings 1773, Nov. 4. 
Watts, James. Capt., British merchant ship. See: Sargent, Winthrop to George 

Washington 1776, March 14? 

Wayles, John. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Wayne, Anthony. Brig, gen., Continental army. See: Washington, George, Plan 
for the attack at Germantown 1777, Oct. 3. Lee, Charles to George Wash- 
ington 1778, June 2. Lee, Charles, Opinion of board of officers 1778, 
June 2. Washington, George, General orders 1778, June 11. Scammell, 
Alexander to George Washington 1778, Sept. 5. Washington, George, In- 
telligence from deserters 1778. Washington, George, Regimental orders 
1781, Oct. 25. 

Weaden, Samuel. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Weathers, William. Private, col. George Wasliington' s company, 1st Virginia regi- 
ment. See: Fort Duquesne, Pennsylvania, Major James Grant's reconnois- 
sance. Return to George Washington 1758, Sept. 14. 

Weatherspoon, John. Private, It. col. Adam Stephen's company, 1st Virgi^iia regi- 
ment. See: Fort Duquesne, Pennsylvania, Major James Grant's reconnois- 
sance. Return to George Washington 1758, Sept. 14. 

Webb, Charles. Col., 19th Continental infantry. See: Washington, George, Memo- 
randum 1776. 

Webb, Samuel Blatchey. Major and aid de camptomaj. gen. Israel Putnam. Remon- 
strance to Joseph Spencer. See: Connecticut, [Colony] Troops, 2d regi- 
ment, Remonstrance of oflBcers 1775, July 26? 

Webster, George. Secret agent. See: Littel D. to John Hendricks 1780, Sept. 7. 

Webster, Jacob. Lt., capt. Philip Tilton' s company, 2d New Hampshire regiment. See: 
Sullivan, John to George Washington 1775, Oct? 

Webster, John. Private, capt. Thomas BullitVs company, 1st Virginia regiment. See: 
Fort Duquesne, Pennsylvania, Major James Grant's reconnoissance. Return 
to George Washington 1758, Sept. 14. 



INDEX. 309 

Webster, John. CoJ., 1st regiment, Middlesex county, Neiv Jersey, militia. See: Wash- 
ington, George, jNIemorandum of New Jersey militia 1780, June. 

Webster, Peter. Private, col. James Frye's Massachusetts regiment. See: Kittredge, 
Thomas, Certificate 1775, Oct. 23. 

"Wedbey." British ship at Philadelphia. See: Heard, John, Return to George 
Washington 1778, June 18. 

Weed, Edward. Private, commander in chief \'< guard. See: Washington, George, 
Return of the commander in chief's guard 1783, March 2. 

Weed, Jacob. Commissary f. Continental army. See: Continental army, Cattle for, 

1777, Dec? 

Weed, Jonathan. Private, capt. Pliilip Tilton^s company, 2d Neiv Hampshire regiinent. 

See: Sullivan, John to George Washington 1775, Oct. 14. 
Weeden, George. See: Washington, George, List of officers submitted to Rol:»ert 

Dinwiddle 1755, Aug. -Sept? 

Weedon, George. Col., 3d. Virginia regiment. See: Washington, George, Memo- 
randum 1776. Brig, gen.. Continental army. See: Sullivan, John to (xeorge 
Washington 1777, Dec. 10? Pickering, Timothy to George W^ashington 

1778, Jan. 10. 

Weems, Mason Locke. Letter to, See: Washington, George 1799, March 31 

Weisenfeld, Frederick. See: Weissenfel. 

Weisor, Peter. Lt., capt. David Harris's company, 1st Continental regiment. See: 
Hand, Edward, Return of officers 1776. 

Weissenfel, Frederick. Lt. col. , 3d Ne^v York regiment. Recommendation to George 
Washington. See: Ritzema, Rudolphus and Weissenfel, Frederick to (xeorge 
Washington 1776, Aug. 12. See: New York, [State] Troops, Return of 
officers 1779, April? 

Welch, James. Letter to, See: Washington, George 1797, Dec. 1, Dec. 7. See: 
Washington, George to James Keith 1797, Dec. 10. Letter to. See: Wash- 
ington, George 1799, Feb. 15, May 26. See: Washington, George to Mason 
Locke Weems 1799, March 31. Washington, George to William B. Harrison 
1799, April 10. 

Welch, John. Private, capt. Micajah Gleason's company, col. John Nixon's Massacliu- 
setts regiment. See: Sullivan, John to George Washington 1775, Oct. 14. 

Welch, AVilliam and others. Soldiers returned from the expedition against Quebec. 
Petition to George Washington 1775-6. 

Weldenberg, ;. Col., commanding Hessian brigade at New York. See: Littel D. 

to George Washington 1780, July 24. 

Wells, Enoch. Corporal, commander in chiefs guard. See: Washington, (George, 
Return of the conunander in chief's guard 1783, March 2. 

Wells, Levi. Capt., 2d Connecticut regiment. Remonstrance to Joseph Spencer. 
See: Connecticut, [Colony] Troops, 2d regiment. Remonstrance of officers 

1775, July 26? Major, 2d Continental infantry. Address to George Wash- 
ington. See: Parsons, Samuel Holden and others to George Washington 

1776, June 29. 

Welsh, Jacob. Ensign, Gth Continental infantry. Letter to Creorge Washington. 
See: Haynes, Aaron and others to George Washington 1776, April 1. See: 
Whitcorab, Asa, List of officers 1776, April 1. 

Welscher, . See: Georgia, [State] Savannah, Citizens, Proceedings of meeting 

1795, July 25. 



310 INDEX. 

Wendell, John H. Capt., 1st New York regiment. See: New York, [State] Troops, 
Return of officers 1779, April? See: Copp, John to George Washington 

1779, 3Iay 16. 

Wentwortli, Jonathan. Capt., 2d New Hampshire regiment. See: Sullivan, John 

to George Washington 1775, Oct. 14. 
Went-worth, Joshua. Col. and agent for Continental armed vessels. Letter to. See: 

Moylan, Stephen 1775, Dec. 1, Dec. 14. Washington, George 1776, Jan. 10. 

Harrison, Robert Hanson 1776, Jan. 14. Moylan, Stephen 1776, March 25. 

Washington, George 1776, June 15. 
Went-worth, Hunking. Chairman, New Hampsliire Committee of Safety. Letter to,. 

See: Washington, George 1775, Oct. 5. Reed, Joseph 1775, Oct. 7. 
Went-worth. Volunteers. Loyalist troops. See : Culper, Samuel to John Bohon 

1780, Nov. 5. 

West, H . See: Pearson, Simon, Deed of sale to George Washington 1763, 

Feb. 14. 

West, John. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. Vir- 
ginia, [Colony] Council proceedings 1773, Nov. 4. Member of Virginia 
House of Burgesses. Letter to. See: Virginia, [Colony] Fairfax county 
1774, May 16. Ramsey, William; Adam, Robert and Carlyle & Dalton 
1774, May 16. See: Lysle, John to Capt. John West 1774, May 19. 

West, John. See: Washington, George to William Herbert 1794, March 10. 

West, John. Captain and Member of Virginia House of Burgesses. Letter to. See: 
Virginia, [Colony] Fairfax county 1774, ^Nlay 16. Lysle, John 1774, 
May 19. 

West, John jr. Capt., 1st Virginia regiment. Return of new recruits 1754, June? 
See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

West, Roger? Major. Letter to, See: Washington, George 1799, April 23. 

West, Samuel. Clergyman. Letter to, See: Reed, Joseph 1775, Oct. 17. 

Westcote of Balamare, William Henry Lyttleton, Baron. See: Lyttleton. 

Western Expedition. See: Washington, George, Return of troops 1779, Aug? 

Western, William. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22> 

Westfield, ^Massachusetts. See: Massachusetts, Westfield. 

Weston, William. Civil engineer. See: Washington, George to Tobias Lear 1795, 
March 4. 

Wetherbee, John. Private, capt. Reuben Dickinson' s company, col. Benjamin Buggies 
Woodbridge' s Massachusetts regimeid. See : Homans, John, Certificate to 
Benjamin Ruggles Woodbridge 1775, Nov. 30. 

Wharton, Carj^enter. Asst. deputy commissary-general. See: Lowry, Stephen and 
Wharton, Carpenter, Return of provisions 1776, Nov. 29. 

Wharton, John. Capt., Pennsylvania militia. See: Pennsylvania, [Province] Com- 
mittee of Safety to George Washington 1775, Aug. 17. 

Wharton, John. Member, Continental Navy Board. Letter to George Washington. 
See: Hopkinson, Francis and Wharton, John to George Washington 1777, 
Dec. 30. 

Wharton, Thomas? jr. Captain. Letter to, See: Reed, Joseph 1775, Aug. 31, 

Sept. 3. 
Whatts, James. See: Watts. 
Wheeler, John. See: Wheelock. 



INDEX. 311 

"Wheelock, John. Delegate to Pennsi/lvania Assentbly. Letter to, See: Washington, 

George 1775, Dec. 12. 
Whiley, Tliouias. See: Wyhe. 
Whipple, WilHam. Clinirman, Committee of Safety of New Hampshire. Letter to, 

See: Washington, George 1775, Oct. 15. Member, Continental Congress. 

Letter to. See: Moylan, Stephen 1776, Jan. 27. 

■WhitcGmb, Asa. Col., 6th Continental infantry. Letter to George Washington. See: 
Haynes, Aaron and others to George Washington 1776, April 1. List of 
officers 1776, April I. 

Whitcomb, Jonathan. Capt., Sd New Hampshire regiment. See: Sullivan, John to 
(ieorge Washington 1775, Oct. 14. 

White, Alexander. Commissioner of the Federal City. See: AVashington, George to 
Tobias Lear 1796, Feb. 15. Letter to George Washington. See: Scott, 
Gustavus; Thornton, William and White, Alexander to George Washington 
1799, March 2. 

White, Nehemiah. Lt., col. Joseph Read's Massachuselts regiment. I'etition to 
George Washington 1775, Oct. 20. 

White Plains, New York, Battle of. Return to George Washington of killed and 

wounded 1776, Oct. 28. 
White, William. Captain, 1st Massachusetts regiment. See: Hand, Edward, Return 

to George Washington 1781, Oct. 
White, AVilliam. Clergyman. Letter to, See: Washington, George 1799, May 30. 
Whitehead, Edward. Private, col. George Washington's company, 1st Virginia, regi- 
ment. See: Fort Duquesne, Pennsylvania, Major James Grant's reconnois- 

sance, Return to George Washington 1758, Sept. 14. 
Whiting, Anthony. Manager of Mt. Vernon estate. See: Washington, (ieorge to John 

Fitzgerald 1793, Aug. 11. 
Whiting, Daniel. Capt., 6th. Continental infantry. See: Whitcomb, Asa, List of 

officers 1776, April 1. 
Whiting, Francis. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
Whiting, Thomas. Member of Virginia Hou.'^e of Burgesses. See: Virginia, [Colony] 

Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
Whitney, John. Lt., col. Jonatlian. Brewer's artificer regiment. See: Washington, 

George, A return of artificer regiment 1776, Aug. 4. 

Wiggins, Nicholas. Private, capt. Richard Shortridge' s company, :^d New Hamjishire 
regiment. See: Sullivan, John to George Washington 1775, Oct. 14. 

Wigglesworth, Edward. Col., 18th Massaclmsetts regiment. Letter to (ieorge Wash- 
ington 1778, June 10. 

Wigton, John. Ensign, 3d Pennsylvania regiment. I'etition to George Washington. 
See: McClelan, John and other officers to George Washington 1778, Sept. 15. 

Wikoff, Capjt., col. David For man's additional Continodal regiment. See: Forman, 
David to George Washington 1778, March 28. 

Wilber, Jolm David. See: Wilper. 

Wiley, Edward. Private, commander in chief'x guard. See: Washington, George, 
Return of the commander in cliicf's guard 17S3, March 2. 

Wiley, Tliomas. See: Wylie. 

Wilkes, . See: Washington, George to George Clinton 1797, Feb. 28. 

Wilkins, William. Private, capt. Asa Prince's company, col. Jolm Mansfield' s Mussa- 
chusetts regiment. See: Sullivan, John to George Washington 1775, Oct. 14. 



312 INDEX. 

Willet, Benjamin. Private, capt. Thomas MigMlVs company, col. Samuel GerrishJs 

Massachusetts regiment. Petition to George Washington. See: Sawyer, Eze- 

kiel and others to George Washington 1775, Oct. 9. 
Willet, Marinus. Lt. col., 3d New York regiment. See: New York, [State] Troops, 

Eeturn of officers 1779, April? 
"Willey, John. Capt., 2d Connecticut regiment. Remonstrance to Joseph Spencer. 

See: Connecticut, [Colony] Troops, 2d regiment, Remonstrance of officers 

1775, July 26? 
Williams, Abraham. Lt., 6th Continental infantri/. See: Whitcomh, Asa, List of 

officers 1776, April 1. 
Williams, Ayler. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
William.s, Charles. Loyalist. See: Culper, Samuel to John Bolton 1780, Dec. 24. 
Williams, Eleazar. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
Williams, (ieorge. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
Williams, James. Capt., lltli Continental infantry. See: Harris, Joseph to George 

Washington 1775, Sept. 28. 
Williams, Jeremiah. See: A'irginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 

22. 
William.s, John. See: Washington, George, List of officers submitted to Robert 

Dinwiddle 1755, Aug.-Sept? 
Williams, John. Private, It. col. Adam Steplien's company, 1st Virginia regiment. 

See: Fort Duquesne, Pennsylvania, Major James Grant's reconnoissance, 

Return to George Washington 1758, Sept. 14. 
Williams, Jonathan. Secretary to Benjamin Franklin. See: Jones, John Paul to 

George Washington 1778, Aug. 6. 

Williams, J . See: Washington, George to Clement Biddle 1799, June 6. 

Williams, Thomas. Capt., col. John Paterson's Mat^sachusetts regiment. Petition to 

George Washington. See: Welch, William and others to George Washing- 
ton 1775-76. 
Williams, William. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
Williams, William jr. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, 

June 22. 
Williamson, James. Lt., capt. Robert Wilson^ s company, 7th Pennsylvania regiment. 

Petition to George Washington. See: McClelan, John and other officers to 

George Washington 1778, Sept. 15. 
Williamson, William. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 

22. 
Willing, James. See: Z to George Washington 1778, Dec. 19. 

Willing, Richard. Caj)t., Pennsylvania militia. See: Pennsylvania, [Province] 
Committee of Safety to George Washington 1775, Aug. 17. 

Willing- & Francis. Merchants. See: Dandridge, Bartholomew to John 31. Pin- 
tard 1795, April 14. 

Willis, Enoch. Deserter? from British army. Examination 1777, June 7. 

Willis, Solomon. Capt., 2d Connecticut regiment. Remonstrance to Joseph Spencer. 

See: Connecticut, [Colony] Troops, 2d regiment. Remonstrance of officers 

1775, July 26? 
Willis. See: Wyllys. 
Williston, Consider. Lt., 2d Connecticid regiment. Remonstrance to Joseph Spencer. 

See Connecticut, [Colony] Troops, 2d regiment. Remonstrance of officers 

1775, July 26? 



INDEX. 313 

Wilper, John David. Scrr/l., capt. John West\'i compantj, 1st Virginia regiment. Pee: 

West, Jdhn jr., Return of new recruits 1754, June? Virginia, [Colony] 

Council proceedings 1773, Nov. 4. 
Wilson, Cornelius. Dnunmer, commander in cliicfs guard. See: Washington, George, 

A return of the commander in chief's guard 1783, March 2. 
Wilson, James. Lt., capt. John Lou'den\s company, Ut Continental regiment. See: 

Hand, Edward, Return of officers 1776. Lt., Ut PennKylrania regimait. 

See: Hand, Edward, Answers to nineteen questions propounded by George 

Washington 1779, ]\Iay-June? 

Wilson, John, of Augusta. Member of Virginia House of Burgesses. See: Virginia, 

[Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
Wilson, William. Lt., capt. John Lowden's company, Lst Continental infanlrg. See: 

Hand, Edward, Return of officers 1776. Capt., 1st Pennsylvania regiment. 

See: Hand, Edward, Answers to nineteen questions propounded by George 

Washington 1779, May-June? 
Win, Allen? John. ^'Refugee." See: Heard, John, Return to George Washington 

1778, June 18. 

Windser, Thomas. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Windser, Thomas jr? See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 
22. 

Winn, George. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Winn, John. Member of Virginia House of Burgesses. See: Virginia, [Colony] Arti- 
cles of association 1770, June 22. 

Winsor. See: Windser. 

Winterbury? John. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Wisner, John. Capt., Orange county, New York, minute men. See: Nicoll, Isaac, 
Return to George Washington 1776, Apr. 23-29. 

Wissenbach Reg-iment. See: German Troops in America, List forwarded to 
George Washington 1780-1. Ernest, John and two others, Intelligence 
obtained from, 1782, Nov. 30. 

Witcom, Richard. Soldier, late Continental army. Petition to George Washington. 
See: Jennings, Daniel and others to George Washington 1789, Oct. 28. 

Wodrons, . See: Washington, George to Alexander Spotswood 1797, Feb. 1. 

See also: Woodrow? 

Woelpert, John David. See: Wilper. 

Wolcott, Oliver. Secretary of tlie Treasury of tlie United States. Letter to, See: 

Washington, George 1797, May 7. 
Wood, Alexander. Private, 80th regiment, British army. See: Durie, Thomas, 

Return to George Washington 1781, Oct. 2. 
Wood, Elijah. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 

Wood, James. Member of Virginia House of Burgesses. See: Virginia, [Colony] Arti- 
cles of association 1770, June 22. 

Wood, Mary Dorcas. See: Washington, George to Lawrence Augustine Washington 
1797, Sept. 3. 

Woodard. See: Woodward. 

Woodberry, . of Connecticut. See: Culper, Samuel to John Bolton 1780, 

March 11-13. 



314 IISDEX. 

Woodbridge, Benjamin Ruggles. CoL, Massachusetts regiment. Endorsement. See: 
Homans, John to Benjamin Ruggles Woodbridge 1775, Oct. 23. Recom- 
mendation to George Washington. See: Homans, John, Certificate to 
Benjamin Ruggles Woodbridge 1775, Nov. 30. Certificates to George Wash- 
ington 1775, Dec. 22. 

Woodbury, Elisha. Capt., 1st Xeiv Hampshire regiment. See: Sullivan, John to 
George Washington 1775, Oct. 14. 

Woodford, William. Brig, gen., Continental army. See: Sullivan, John to George 
Washington 1777, Dec. 10? Pickering, Timothy to George Washington 

1778, Jan. 10. Washington, George, General orders 1778, June 11. 
Scammell, Alexander to George Washington 1778, Sept. 5. Letter to. 
See: Washington, George 1778, Sept. 19. See: Scammell, Alexander to 
George Washington 1779, Aug. 28. Letter to, See: Washington, George 

1779, Nov. 25, Dec. 6, Dec. 13. 

Woodbull, Nathan. Captain. See: Culper, Samuel to John Bolton 1780, Sept. 1 

and 5. 
WoodhuU, Nathaniel. President, New York Provincial Congress. Letter to, See: 

Washington, George 1775, Oct. 24. 
Woodrop, Robert. See: Mississippi Company, Articles of association 1763, June 3. 
Woodrow, . Surveyor. See: Washington, George to Alexander Spotswood 

1799, March 25. 
Woodson, John. Member of Virginia House of Burgesses. See: Virginia, [Colony] 

Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
Woodward, Henry. Lt., 1st Virginia regiment. See: Washington, George, List of 

officers submitted to Robert Dinwiddle 1755, Aug.-Sept? 
Woodward, Samuel. Sergt., capt. Nathan Fuller's company, col. Tliomas Gardner's 

Massachusetts regiment. See: Langdon, Samuel to George Washington 1775, 

Sept. 18. 
Wooster, David. Brig, gen., Continental army. Letter to, See: Reed, Joseph 

1775, July 25. 
Work, Henry. Captain. See: Angel, Abiathari, Petition to George Washington 

1775, Sept. 2. 
Worthington, Asa? Col. and inspector of cattle, commissary department. Continental 

army. See: Hopkinson, Francis and Wharton, John to George Washington 

1777, Dec. 30. Continental army. Cattle for, 1777, Dec? 
Wortman, Samuel. Private, commander in chief's guard. See: Washington, George, 

Return of the commander in chief's guard 1783, March 2. 
Wray, Jacob. See: Virginia, [Colony] xlrticles of association 1770, June 22. 
Wren, Isaac. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
Wren, James. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
Wren, John. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
Wren, Lewis? See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
Wren, Thomas. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
Wren, William. See: Virginia, [Colony] Articles of association 1770, June 22. 
Wright, Jacob. Capt., 2d New York regiment. See: New York, [State] Troops, 

Return of officers 1779, April? 
Wrig-ht, Samuel. Lt., 2d Connecticut regiment. Remonstrance to Joseph Spencer. 

See: Connecticut, [Colony] Troops, 2d regiment. Remonstrance of officers 

1775, July 26? 
Wright, William. See: Virginia, [Colony] Council proceedings 1773, Nov. 4. 



INDEX. 315 

Wurmb, Frederich Wilhelm von. Col., 1st regiment, Hessian troops. See: German 
Troopsr in America, Ijist forwarded to George Washington 1780-1. Culper, 
Samuel to John Bolton 1782, Jul}' 5. 

Wurmb, Ludwig J. Adolph \()n. 1^1. col., mounted (oid dittmovuted i/ugers. See: 
( u'riuaii Troops in Aniei-ica, List forwarded to George Washington 1780-1. 

Wylie, Thomas. Oijif., col. Hi'iijainin Floirer's artiUern and artificer regiment. See: 
Flower, Ikmjamin, Iveturu to George Washington 1780, Feb. 22. 

Wyllys, Samuel. Col., 22d Coutinental irifantrij. Address to (reorge Washington. 

See: Parsons, Samuel Holden and others to George Washington 1776, June 

29. See: Washington, George, Memorandum 1776. 
Yates, Christopher. See: Mercer, George and others. Deed of sale to Cicorge 

Washington 1774, Dec. 12. 
York Island. Projected attack on upper end of. See: Washington, George to 

Edward Hand 1780, Nov. 
Yorktown, Virginia, IJritish Forces at. Iiifoi'mation si'ut to (reorge Waslungton 

1781, Oct. 4. 
Young-, Arthur. See: Washington, (ireorge to To))ias Lear 1794, ]May 6, Aug. 28. 
Young, Guy. Capt-lt., 1st New York regiment. See: New York, [State] Troops, 

Return of officers 1779, April? 

Young', James B. Physician. See: Georgia, [State] Savannah, Citizens, Proceed- 
ings of meeting 1795, July 25. 

Young, John. Capt., Continental fngate, "Saratoga". See: Continental Congress, 
Admiralty Board to George Washington 1780, Aug. 14. 

Young, -. Physician. See: Georgia, [State] Savannah, Citizens, Proceed- 
ings of meeting 1795, July 25. 

Z. Secret agent in Xeir York. Information sent to George Washington 1778, Dec. 7, 
Dec. 16, Dec. 19. 

Zank, Jacob. Lt., capt. James Ro.%'i\s company, l.'^t ('ontiiie)it<d infantry. See: Hand, 
Edward, Return of officers 1776. 

Ziegler, David. Lt., capt. James Ro.%s's company, 1st Continental infantry. See: 
Hand, Edward, Return of officers 1776. Petition to George Washington. 
See: McClelan, John and other officers to George Washington 1778, Sept. 15. 

Zigler, David. See: Ziegler. 

o