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JANUARY 1, 183(5, TO APRIL 15, 18G9; 





Secretary of the Commonwealth and State Librarian. 




Reprinted with the permission of the Virginia State lAbtars 
New York 

Entered according to an Act of Congress, 


For the State of Virginia in the Office of the Librarian of Congress at Washington. 


Volume eleven of the Calendar of the Virginia State Papers will be seen to con- 
tain the regular Executive papers as found ; among which are some events in which 
the State of Virginia participated in the war with Mexico. 

A narrative of the attempt of John Brown to incite an Insurrection of slaves ; 
the murder of several citizens of Harper's Ferry ; the seizure of the United States 
Arsenal with the arms therein, and the suppression of the attempt by the Federal 

The trial and execution of Brown and his co-conspirators by the State authority. 
Events immediately preceding the war with the Federal Government, and prepa- 
rations by the State for her defence, with much on the conduct of the war. 

A history of the John Brown Insurrection, copied from the original papers ; and 
correspondence of himself, co-conspirators, and friends, copied at Charlestown b> 
order of the Executive Department of Virginia, printed for the first time. Letters 
of Randolph Rogers, the sculptor, concerning the Statues on the Washington 

The history of the Restored Government of Virginia, by F. H. Pierpoint, with 
the Formation and Organization of the State of West Virginia, by the same. His 
correspondence with Gen. R. H. Milroy, United States Army, and others on the 
conduct of the war. The investigation by a committee of the Legislature in 18G0 
on the management of the Eastern Lunatic Asylum at Williamsburg by the Fede- 
ral officers during the war. 

Administration of Governor H. II. Wells. Removal of old State ollicers and 
appointment of new ones. 

Calendar of State paperg. 

In thk JIousk of Dkleuatkb, March .hi, J8tW. 

The General Assembly have this day, by joint vote, elected 183G. 
William C. Hives, Ksq'r, a Senator to represent this State in the Congress 
of" the United States to supply the vacancy occasioned by the resigna- 
tion of John Tyler, Es«fr. 

Very resj>ectfully yours, <fce., 

Gkokok \V. Mijxkokd, C IL. I). 

I*. \Y\ Li;i<ill To TIIK LlKUTKN \M-(Jo\ KKNOK. 

In the letter I addressed t • > the Speakers of the two Houses of the Nov. 5, 
General Assembly, under date of the 2nd of March last, I announced Ku,hui0n( I 
my purpose to resign my olliec of Senator of the I'nited States at the 
commencement of the present session, and I now hereby resign the 
oil ice. 

I should have confined this letter to the single purpose of making 
this resignation, if the obligations of truth and eaudoiir, the care I owe 
to mv own reputation, and in inv sense of things mv dutv to mv coun- 
try and its institutions did not impose upon me the necessity of cor- 
recting some misapprehensions which 1 have discovered to exist as to 
mv motives for re-siiriiing. 

I shall, therefore, avail myself of this opportunity to declare in the 
most explicit and solemn manner what I thought I had intimated very 
distinctly in my letter of the 2nd March above referred to — that my 
sole reason and motive for resigning mv seat in the Senate consist in the 
imperious necessity I am under of giving my whole attention to my 
private affairs, or rather in mv m u>e of the dutv which 1 owe to mv 
familv, and to all mv personal relation** in «*ncietv. 

I could not retain mv sent in the Senate if 1 would, and 1 must ask 

ha\e to siv further, that so far from heing in the -lightest degree in- 




Nov. 5, 


fluenced to resign by the instructions which the General Assembly gave 
me at its last session, and the resolution it thought proper to adopt, that 
I was bound to obey their instructions or resign ; so far, too, from being 
moved by any apprehension of the censure of the General Assembly, or 
even of any public odium I might incur by retaining my office, I 
place my whole hope of the lasting approbation of my country upon 
my resistance to the principles and doctrines asserted in the resolutions 
of the last session; principles and doctrines as novel, in my opinion, as. 
they are erroneous and dangerous, tending to an entire subversion of the 
constitution of the Senate, to an alteration of the whole frame of the 
federal government, and to the destruction of all the balances wisely 
provided by the Constitution as well in respect to the relations of the 
several departments of the government towards each other as the rela- 
tions of the whole towards the State government. 

I request you to communicate this letter to the General Assembly. 

I am, &c. 

T. M. Randolph to the Governor. 

1837. Wishing to call the attention of the Governor to the value and impor- 

Tuckahoe kince °* encouraging by a State bounty the culture of Silk in Virginia; 
that if it met his concurrence he would recommend it to the Legislature 
in his annual message. 1 have (not having the pleasure of a personal 
acquaintance with him) looked around for some friend whose regard for 
the interests of Virginia was such, that 1 could, with safety, venture to 
ask his assistance. 

I have, my Dear Sir, selected you as one to whom I well know every 
thing touching the wellfare of the State is highly interesting, and who 
will, I am sure, freely give his aid to bring about a measure fraught 
with deep if not vital importance to our Country — to one so well ac- 
quainted with the soil and climate of this State it is needless to point to 
the well known fact that for the growth of silk, nature lias been here 
most bountiful. The mulberry is indigenous, and our genial climate is 
peculiarly adapted to rearing the Silk-worm. The industry of man has 
only to realize these preat blessings. On reference to the report of the 
Committee on manufactures made to Congress last winter, it is apparent 
that however apathetic we may have been, our Eastern fellow-citizens 
are fully alive to their interests on this subject. They seem determined 
to overcome the almost insuperable difficulties presented by a stubborn 
soil and ungenial climate, and to win by energy and enterprise, aided by 
Leyidatire liberality, the boon so freely and almost gratuitously offered 
to us. In Maine a bounty of five cents on every pound of cocoons 


wn. and fifty cents on every pound of silk reeled, is paid from the 1887. 
Lte Treasury. The Legislature of Vermont, by an act passed on the «r^?- ! 2 » 
th of November, 1835, have authorized and directed the State Treasurer 
pay a bounty of ten cents on every pound of cocoons grown within 
e State. The Legislature of Massachusetts for the encouragement of 
e growth of silk is of the most liberal character. The bounty on all 
e silk grown, reeled and thrown within the commonwealth, it two dul- 
r* a fHHHuly which is considered by silk growers to be sufficient to de- 
ay all expenses attending its growing, reeling and throwing. 
Itefore the passage of this law extensive nurseries and plantations were 
>mmenced or projected, but the business has since assumed a more 
Rneral character. Connecticut pays a bounty of one dollar on every 
undred Italian or Chinese Mulberrv trees set out at such distances 
part as will best favor their growth and the collection of their leaves, 
nd cultivated until they are five years old. The State also pays fifty 
ente on every pound of silk reeled on an improved reel. The Governors 
f New York, New Jersey, Ohio, Pennsylvania and Maryland have re- 
ommended legislative encouragement, and several of the States have 
axsed Laws on the subject Not having access to their session acts, I 
m unable to say to what extent they have gone. Two companies have 
een incorporated in Virginia, and many private individuals are prepar- 
ig to engage in the business. The Rellona Arsenal near Richmond has 
Gained from the government a site to be occupied as a Laboratory on a 
rge scale. 

When the great importance of encouraging this branch of national 
dustry is considered, and the extraordinary fact is adverted to that the 
aited States pays upwards of eighteen Millions of Dollars annually for 
reign silks, it can not be doubted but that if the Governor recommends 
ate protection, the legislature will respond to the recommendation, 
trivial bounty may be the means of opening a new road to national 
d individual wealth, at all events will attract public attention which 
11 be a great point gained. 

1 am, Arc. 

C. J. Failkner, J. IT. Sherard, Geo. Park, ami others to 

the Governor. 

We take the liberty of transmitting to you the enclosed communica- 1838. 
►n received this morning from the County of Hampshire, exhibiting a ' an * '* 
trful and alarming state of things in that section of the State. We 
,ve the pleasure of being personally acquainted with all the individuals 
10 have signed the communication,- and we have no hesitation in 


1838. stating from their character, intelligence, and firmness, the utmost 
Jan. 1 1 deference is due to their representations. 

We accordingly lose no time in bringing the subject to the attention 
of your Excellency in the hoj>e and expectation that you will, without 
delay, order for the use of the 77th Reg't k in the County of Hampshire, 
and the 89th Reg't, in the County of Morgan, 300 muskets, with their 
accoutrements, to meet the present emergencies. 

We are, Arc. 

Romnky, JarCy 0, 1818. 
To Jos. H. Sherard, Esq. : 

Dear Sir — Our whole community is in a state of excitement and 
consternation at news which has just readied us by Express, giving in- 
formation that the Irish labourers along the line of the Chesapeake A' 
Ohio Canal, which borders upon this and the County of Morgan, have 
quit their work, and in a body of near a thousand have taken up their 
march from Hancock and the intermediate points towards Old Town, 
committing in their progress the most outrageous acts of violence upon 
the individuals and property of the native citizens Hying on either side 
of the river, near the canal, many of whom are seeking safety in flight 
from their homes. The citizens are now voluntarily assembling them- 
selves to march for the purpose of quieting the lawless mob. 

We feel under the emergency utterly powerless and unprotected for 
want of the necessary arms wherewith to protect ourselves. 

We shall be liable to similar irruptions upon our larders for the 
next three years. We trust our condition will impress the I^egislature 
with the propriety of placing 200 stand of arms at the disposal of the 
proper authorities Jure, and that you, with our own delegates, wilL co- 
operate in bringing the matter before the Legislature and urging their 
early action upon the subject. 

Yours respectfully, 

A. W. McDonald, 

David Gibson and 25 Others. 

Issue an order to the Ad'r-Gen'l to give Capt. Boiling all necessary 
orders. To receive the arms and direct how they are to be sent to the 

200 stand to Hampshire. 

100 stand to Morgan. 

Those for Hampshire to be sent to Winchester, thence to Hampshire. 

Those for Morgan from nearest and safest point from Harper's Ferry. 

Send my letter to £ec. War alter copying it to Ad'r-Gen'l, and he to 

send it to Capt. with his order. 

David Campbell. 


William Gordon to Wm. II. Richardson. 

I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of yours of the 18th inst., iR38. 
id in reply to state that there is no distinct and perfect Roll of " Lee's D^nn^it 
egidn " in any one of the Public Offices here. of War 

There is on file in this office a list containing the names of the officers 
nd soldiers of the Virginia line on continental establishment, who ac- 
uired a right to bounty lands from the U. States, which comprises it is 
elieved those only who were when they engaged in the service, citizens 
r inhabitants of the State of Virginia. On this list the names of eleven 
fficers and sixty-three non-commissioned officers and privates are specifi- 
ally designated as belonging to Lee's legion. 

There is on file in the Pension office a distinct Roll of the Legion in 
uestion, designating rank and grade, period of enlistment, and term en- 
aged for. This list does not however shew to what particular State the 
len respectively belonged at the period of their enlistments; nor is it 
arried beyond the month of March, 1780. It is of course incomplete, but 
till useful for reference on many points. 

The Book containing Duncomb's settlements with the troops of Lee's 
region, now in charge of the 3rd Auditor, furnishes more ample materi- 
ls for the information required by your letter than can be obtained from 
ny other source known to me, inasmuch as all the men who enlisted in 
iee's Legion for " during the war," and served to the end thereof, (except 
hose enlisted in Virginia) are so discriminated as to shew the particular 
tates of which they were inhabitants at the period of their enlistments 
espectively, thereby shewing that those so discriminated were credited 
3 their respective states as part of their quotas of troops to the conti- 
tental establishment. 

On consulting the 3rd Auditor in regard to the preparation of a list of 
^ee's Legion to be extracted from " Dunscomb's settlements," he informed 
ae that such is the pressue of business in his office at this time, that its 
rhole force is in constant requisition to keep pace with the demands 
ipon it, and that it will be impossible, until that pressure subsides in 
ome measure to have such list prepared. 

This Department will within a few days arrange for the copying of the 
loll in the Pension Office, and such parts of the Rolls in this office as 
,re referred to in the aforegoing. 

In conjunction with the 3rd Auditor I beg leave to suggest a course in 
eference to claims for land upon the State of Virginia for services in 
jee's Legion, which may perhaps be deemed as safe and convenient as 
.ny other, at least for the present, namely : the transmission to this De- 
partment of the names of the individuals in whose right the claims 
originated; a prompt examination will then be made of the different 
ourcee for information existing here, and the facts and particulars result- 


Henry A. Wise to the Governor. 

1842. I have received your communication of the 20th inst., and in response 

tir*^" 2 f» I beg leave to assure you that I will cheerfullv obey the request of the 
Washington n . J l . 

Legislature of Virginia to use my best efforts to procure the immediate 
passage of a bill refunding to General Jackson the amount of a fine, 
with interest, that was imposed on him at the time of the attack and 
defence of the citv of New Orleans in 1815. 

I am, ivc, 

No paper* for Utfi year 184-i. 

John Mason (General) to the Governor. 

1844. I have taken leave to send you with this, contained in a frame of 

Clermont double glass, an autograph copy of the " first draught" of the Virginia 
Bill of Itights. 

The letter which accompanies it is intended to ofler it to the accept- 
ance of the General Assembly, and refers to the evidences of its authen- 
ticity, and that it is in the form first reported to the Convention by its 

For its preservation 1 had it cased in glass a few years since, and in 
such manner as to exhibit both the first and reverse pages of the manu- 

Heing a Document of intrinsic value, as the onlv original extant of a 
material part of the fundamental Law, as well as an interesting memo- 
rial in the history of our republican Institutions, I have thought it 
not unworthy of a place in the Archives of the Commonwealth. 

Should your better judgment concur in this, will you honour me l»y 
causing it and the accompanying letter to be communicated to the 
General Assembly in such manner as to you may seem appropriate. 

With great respect, I have the honor to be, Sir, 

Your very obed't Servant, 

Cl.KRMONT, FaIKI-'AX Col MV, J<tn »c,if ^>,'tl } ]#44- 

To the Honorable the General Assemblv of Virginia : 

As the only .surviving son of the late George Mason, of Gunston. 
I respectfully otter to acceptance of the General Assembly the *\/*W 


Draught " of the Bill of Rights of Virginia in the form in which it was 1844. 
reported by its Author to the Convention of 1776. 

It is believed to be the only original draught of that Instrument now 
extant; none being found in the Archives of the Commonwealth. 

Beside the historic interest connected with it as the first written 
Declaration of popular Right and of the principles of popular Govern- 
ment to which the Times gave birth, with the fact that it was closely 
followed by the other States of the Confederacy in modelling their re- 
spective forms of Government, it may be of value at some future day 
as an authentic Memorial of the fundamental Law. 
The evidences of its authenticity are clear and undoubted. 
It came into my possession from the papers of the Author soon after 
his death ; more than half a century since. 

It is throughout in his own handwriting; and its character a« the 
" first Draught " reported to the Convention is declared as well by the 
memorandum with his initials prefixed, as by the note at the foot of the 
Manuscript. Should the General Assembly deem it worthy of accept- 
ance by the State, I should be gratified and honoured by their making 
such order for its future preservation as to them shall seem proper. 

I am, with very great Respect, their most humble Servant, 

John Mason. 

Whereas, the Governor of the Commonwealth has this day communi- 
cated to this house a manuscript copy of the admirable Bill of Rights 
prefixed to the first Constitution of Virginia, and thence adopted into 
the present constitution, and this copy is in the hand-writing of its illus- 


trious author George Mason, whose revolutionary services, inflexible 
principles, and eminent talents are held in reverence by every citizen of 
Virginia — and the original constitution eminating in the greater part from 
the pen of the same author, is believed to be the first written constitu- 
tion that was adopted in America or ever was established by a free people ; 

Resolved, That this very interesting document be thankfully received 
by the Legislature of Virginia and deposited with the Archives of our 

Resolved also, That the Governor of this Commonwealth be requested 
to communicate to the family of George Mason, by whom it was pre- 
sented, the warm acknowledgements of the Legislature, for the patriotic 
spirit which has prompted them to transfer this precious relic from their 
own family to their country. 

Adopted by the General Assembly, Feb'y loth, 1844. 

George W. Mumfokd, C. H. D. 


1845. [The letters of the Governor of Ohio (M. Bartley) to the Governor of 

Virginia (James McDowell) on the subject of the alleged kidnapping of 
3 citizens of Ohio by citizens of Virginia, in August, 1845, are on file 
and can be found in the Journal of the House of Delegates for 1845. 
Doc. 5, pp. 1 and 2. — Ed.] 

J. J. Jackson to S. S. Baxter, Attorney-General. 

Nov. 22, The special Court for the trial of the three Ohioans for aiding negroes 
ar ere urg ^ gg^pg has just terminated by a special verdict which has been ad- 
journed to the General Court. The question is a question of Boundary 
and Jurisdiction. Judge McComas is clear that he had jurisdiction and 
would have felt no difficulty in deciding in favor of the Com'wealth but 
the importance and novelty of the question makes it desirable that the case 
should receive the most solemn decission practicable. The case in 5th 
Wharton, Handly vs. Leper and another, is supposed to be against us. But 
I think 3rd Kent's Commentaries rather disapproves of that decision. Mr. 
Madison or Mr. Jefferson both (Judge McComas will inform you) defines 
a River to be the water — the Bed and Banks. Judge Smith, when pre- 
siding in this County, gave judgment against a man for stealing a boat 
fastened to the Ohio Shore — and in his opinion decided that the juris- 
biction extended to the top of the Bank. 

Judge McComas will give you any information you may wish. The 
case is one of great importance to this part of the State at large — but 
especially to the persons who made the arrest and who are indicted in 
Ohio. If our jurisdiction is sustained then the arrest was made within 
our jurisdiction and Ohio has no ground of complaint against our citizens 
who made the arrest. It would, therefore, relieve them from the un- 
pleasant condition in which they are placed, and relieve the Governor 
from the demand made by the State of Ohio. 

To surrender our citizens charged with kidnapping is out of the ques- 
tion, as it would be tantamount to sending them to the penitentiary in a 
case, to say the least of it, where they not only supposed themselves to 
be in Virginia, and of course, the "quo animo" of the crime is*wholly 
wanting — but, in fact, the best jurists are of opinion that they were act- 
ing strictly legal — superadded to which, I may say, our people would 
fight before they would suffer them to be surrendered. This is a vita 
question to this quarter. We hope you will press our views with zeal. 
Mr. Vinton of Ohio, who attended to the case here is now in Congress, 
it is understood will attend to argue the case before the General Court. 
Judge McComas will also give you a reference to Wharton's Law of 
Nations sustaining our views. I send this with the Judge, who will 
also take with him the record. 

I am, &c. 


J. J. Jackson to the Governor. 

My connection officially with the State, hoth in a civil and military 1846. 
point of view, makes it my duty to invite the attention of the p^S? 0, ??' 
Governor to the threat contained in the letter of the Governor of Ohio 
to the Governor of Virginia of the 3rd of Nov. last. See Document 51 
to the House of Delegates, page 5, where it is more than vaguely inti- 
mated that "the people of Ohio will take justice in their own hands and 
redress their own wrongs without a resort to the authorities of Virginia." 
Your Excellency is reminded that there has been a strongly excited 
state of feeling in this section, both of Ohio and of Virginia, growing out 
of the voluntary threats of a portion of the people of Ohio to rescue by 
force the prisoners confined in our jail, and also tQ capture and remove 
hence our citizens who had arrested the prisoners; these threats pro- 
duced a state of things of so imminent a character as to render it advisa- 
ble to keep up for a season nightly patrols, and station a strong guard at 
the jail, and at this crisis we had the mortification to realize in all its 
power the fact that we are a border county, bordering on the Ohio River 
for a distance of 50 miles, threatened by a highly excited and inflamed 
people quadrupling our numbers, with the destruction of our jail, the 
discharge and release of the prisoners confined therein, and also with the 
capture and kidnapping of some of the most respectable citizens in the 
county; that in such an emergency the State would expect the people 
and citizen soldiers of Wood to do their duty to prevent both the one 
and the other; that in canvassing amongst our people we found ourselves 
surrounded with stout hearts and willing minds resolved to defend our 
soil against all and every invader. Yet I say we had the mortification 
to realize the fact that in this and four adjoining counties there is not 
one single stand of public arms. Your Excellency will perceive that 
our situation if critical before has become infinitely more so since the 
publication of the letter of the Governor of Ohio above referred to, in 
which the threats of individual and unlawful organizations of bodies of 
individuals are countenanced, nay stimulated and encouraged to do the 
act previously threatened without such high official sanction, and ac- 
cordingly I have now to report to your Excellency that those threats are 
not only renewed, but come in a form and shape and from such sources 
as in my judgment would make it highly criminal not to be prepared 
for an attempt to execute them, to which I beg to add, I have it from a 
reliable source that one or more parties are organizing in Ohio, and at 
the seat of government of that State for the avowed purpose of captur- 
ing and removing to Ohio our citizens if they are not surrendered by 
your Excellency ; and when I couple my information with the threat 
referred to in the letter of the Governor of Ohio, I can not but entertain 
the belief that he is and was conversant of the fact to which I have 


1846. adverted. Under these circumstances I feel it to be my duty to bring 
ParkerebiirK tne c l e ^ ence ^ e8S condition of this frontier to your Excellency's notice, and 
to ask that the loyal and gallant citizen soldiers of this Brigade may not 
be subjected to the mortification of seeing the soil of the Commonwealth 
invaded, her laws trampled under foot, and her citizens kidnapped with- 
out their having the means of defending the one or giving protection to 
the other. I must therefore express the hope that your Excellency will 
take prompt measures to supply us with 500 stand of arms in order for 
service, together with an adequate supply of ammunition, and then sir, if 
we do not prove ourselves worthy of the Com 'w 'lth, worthy to be trusted 
with the defence of her soil, her institutions and her sons; and that the 
threat of the Governor of Ohio be proved a Brutum Fulmen, then sir, I 
will agree that we deserve to be branded as infamous. Having thus Sir 
done my duty in bringing this subject to your notice, I beg to be per- 
mitted to notice the most unwarrantable statement of the Governor of 
Ohio, in the paragraph immediately preceding the one quoted as contain- 
ing a threat. The paragraph reads thus: "It appears from testimony 
received at this ottice that the design of the negroes to leave their master 
and cross the Ohio River at the very time they did was known for several 
days previous in the neighborhood where the slaves resided, and this 
information was Communicated to citizens on the Ohio shore by Vir- 
ginians for the purpose of exciting their curiosity.* Thus excited by 
citizens of Virginia, several on the Ohio side collected on the banks of 
the River, and as the slaves ascended the bank some ten or twelve citizens 
of Virginia being concealed who had previously crossed the River, ran 
from their ambuscade armed with muskets and sabres, ordered the 
slaves immediately to the boat, and after having fired at, captured, and 
forced from the jurisdiction of their own State three citizens of Ohio into 
the State of Virginia." 

It is hard to speak of this paragraph, containing as it does so much 
calculated to inflame the public mind, yet so little that is true mixed 
up with so much that is grossly false, with the temper which a com- 
munication from a Governor would seem to require, yet there is so little 
truth in it, while the facts of the case were so few, so thoroughly sifted 
by the examining court in July last, attended by numerous citizens of 
Ohio, and substantially stated in the public press, that it is difficult to 
resist the conclusion that the Governor has either wilfully shut his eyes 
to the truth or stated what he knew was untrue. 

1st. It was not true that the design of the negroes to leave their mas- 
ters was known for several days previous in the neighborhood. 

2nd. It was not true that information of that fact was given to citi- 
zens of Ohio to excite their curiosity or-for any other purpose; nor was 
any such information given at all, nor was there a shadow of founda- 
tion for such a statement — it is wantonly and wholly untrue. 


3rd. It is wholly untrue that citizens of Ohio, excited hy curiosity, 1846. 
collected on the bank. On the contrary, the evidence did not leave a p^JJS»tai» 
doubt that by a previous understanding they came to assist, and were in 
the act of assisting, the slaves to escape when they were captured in the 
water and at its edge. 

4th. It is wholly untrue that citizens of Virginia, 10 or 12 in num- 
ber, armed with muskets and sabres, «fcc. There were but six Virginians, 
and there were six negroes and six or eight Ohioans. 

There was not a musket or sabre on the ground, nor any other species 
of arms, not even a club or stick, except one small pocket pistol charged 
only with powder, which was fired in the air to intimidate, and the evi- 
dence fully proved that no person wits aware that there was one pistol 
in the Company, except the pernon who had it, until it was fired, and it 
was fully proved that there was not one particle of force other than 
flmply taking hold of one of the men by the collar ; the other two were 
not touched. It was also fully proved that the Virginians had not the 
most remote idea or expectation that they would meet any white men, 
nor were they aware they were white until the first one was captured by 
one of the Virginians taking hold of him by the collar, it being too 
dark to distinguish the color of the men. 

If it be enquired how the Virginians come to cross the River, I an- 
swer that the evidence proved that a citizen of Ohio who had been made 
a confidant of went to one of the Virginians and told him he had in- 
formation that there was a lot of negroes going to run off, and proposed 
to give the information and the evidence of it if he, the Ohioan, should 
have the promise of $10 for each one captured if they did run. The 
bargain being made, the Virginians, after getting the information, went 
to the master and told him. The master replied it was impossible; 
that he had on three different occasions sent one of the men home by 
himself from New Orleans with a considerable sum of money ; that 
now in his old age, being 55 years old, it would not be probable he was 
going to run off; also the woman was within two weeks of her confine- 
ment; yet after talking the matter over, it was agreed that the gentleman 
should take some men with him across the river and conceal themselves, 
so that they might test the matter beyond all dispute, and under this 
arrangement, and to this end, the Virginians crossed the river, and to 
their surprise they found themselves surrounded by white men, when 
they came to capture the negroes, within a few feet of the water under 
the bank. You will perceive from this statement how destitute of truth 
is the statement of the Governor of Ohio, and you will find on examin- 
ing the special verdict that it is cdhsistent with this statement, altho' 
there may be in this statement some facts not deemed important to be 
part of the verdict. 
I hope, sir, in making this statement I shall not be deemed intrusive, 


1845. as I trust it will the better enable your Excellency to vindicate the au- 
krkerebaiv Verities of the Commonwealth in this unpleasant affair. 

I am, &c. 

Andrew Stephenson to the Lieutenant-Governor. 

1846. I beg leave to submit to the Executive the enclosed letter from Jared 

^treat nea Sparks, Esquire, of Cambridge (Massachusetts), asking in behalf of 
Richmond himself and others, permission to have taken a mould from Houdon's 
Stntue of Washington for the purpose of having suitable casts executed 
from it With this view they propose, should authority be given, to 
send to Virginia an eminent Italian Artist now in Boston, who has been 
engaged for that purpose. 

The reason assigned by Mr. Sparks for this request will be found in 
his letter, accompanied with an assurance that no injury can result i n 
taking the desired mould ; in the correctness of which I entirely concu T - 
I presume the authority for granting the permission is with the Exec* 1 " 
tive, or the two Houses of the General Assembly. I take leave, ther^ 
fore, as a citizen of Virginia, respectfully to request, in behalf of tho^ 
gentlemen, that the permission may be granted to them under such saf^ 
guards against injury as the Executive may deem it expedient to prC 

I am, &c. 

Cambridge, Mass., Jan'y 23d, 1846. 
My Dear Sir: 

I am sure I need not apologize for writing to you on a subject 
in which you cannot fail to take a lively interest. You are aware that 
the statue of Washington in Richmond is the only genuine representa- 
tion of the Father of his Country which has been, produced by the 
genius and chisel of a sculptor. All the others, however admirable as 
specimens of art, are in many parts the result of the artist's imagina- 
tion. And yet this statue, so honorable to Virginia, exists alone with- 
out a copy, or the means of obtaining one; and if by any accident it 
should be destroyed, or essentially injured, the invaluable resemblance 
will be lost forever. 

Impressed with these facts, several gentlemen in Boston who hold 
this statue in the highest estimation on account of its undoubted resem- 
blance to Washington, are willing to be at the expense and trouble of 
having a mould taken from which accurate casts may be executed. 
There is now in Boston an Italian Artist perfectly skilled in this busi- 
nees, whom they will employ to undertake it This is a fortunate cir- 
cumstance, as competent workmen of this description rarely come to the 


lited States. I am requested to ask of you the favor to ascertain from 1846. 
e proper authorities whether they will accede to this proposal. Retreat 2, ea 

In regard to any effect it may have on the statue itself, you know Richmond 
at moulds have repeatedly heen taken from all the celebrated statues 
antiquity without the least injury, and that the casts now spread 
er the world have been made from these moulds. 
It will also afford an opportunity of procuring a small bronze statue 
:actly copied from the original, which will be eagerly sought and he- 
me in the possession of many citizens an interesting memorial of the 
an whose memory all delight to reverance. 

I will use no argument, persuaded as I am that you and every other 
lightened gentleman will perceive the weight of these suggestions. 
'Ill you have the goodness to inform me whether consent will proba- 
y be given, and if so, to whom the application should be made. 
With kindest remembrancer to Mrs. Stevenson, in which Mrs. Sparks 
ins me, 

I am, dear Sir, respectfully and truly, 

Your most obed't serv't, 

J a red Sparks* 
Hon. Andrew Stevenson, Richmond. 

J. W. Edmonds to tub Governor. 

A suit was recently tried before me at the present nisi prias term of j an e 12, 
le Supreme Court, in my circuit, which induces me to address myself ®*y 5*^! 
> you as the Chief Magistrate of Virginia. 

It appeared on the trial that a colored man by the name of James D. 
ane, a native of this city, having a wife and child here, was in the 
ear 1843 tried and convicted of abducting two persons from your State, 
ho were claimed to be slaves, lor which he was sentenced to 12 years* 
n prison m en t in your penitentiary, where he is now confined. 

It appeared also that another colored man was steward and cook on 
oard the schooner Empire, a regular packet l>etween this port and Nor- 
>lk, who, in February. 1843, was taken sick and employed Lane to 
ike his place for a single voyage. Lane had never been on that voy- 
age before, and was ignorant of your laws. 

While the schooner was lying at Norfolk, Lane was frequently visited 
y a negro of that place with whom he became intimate, and who 
>licited Lane to bring that negroe's wife and child to New York with 
im. There was no pretence but that Lane had reason to believe the 
ife and child were slaves, and that it was against your laws for him to 
o so, but it was evident that he did not know the consequences of the 


1846. act, and had yielded to the importunities of the husband and father, 

Cit^H 1 U am * *° a f ee ^ n 8 °f compassion. 

New York After the vessel was? three days out on her return to this port, the 
woman and child were found concealed in a part of the vessel appro- 
priated to the use of the Cook, and I^ane was immediately arrested and 
taken back to Norfolk, where he was thus tried and convicted. 

The suit thus tried before me was brought in Lane's name by his 
friends here against the Master of the vessel for false imprisonment, and 
was sought to be maintained on the ground that it was not lawful to 
hold human beings in bondage; that Lane's abduction of those persons 
could not be a felony, and that therefore the arrest by the Captain was 

The jury were instructed that it was their duty to respect the institu- 
tions of Virginia, a part of which constituted the offence charged 
against Lane, felony, and if they believed Lane to have done the act 
imputed to him, it was their duty to acquit the master in that suit. 

The jury did so promptly, and there the matter will doubtless end. 

It is under these circumstances, with my feelings of compassion 
much awakened for the unfortunate condition of Lane himself, for an 
interesting wife and child, whom he has left unprotected here, and for 
his connexions, who were represented on the trial to be highly respecta- 
ble, that I am induced to suggest to you whether all the salutory pur- 
]>oses of his condemnation, whether as regards the admonition to him 
and to others against any repetition of the offence, or as regards the vindi- 
cation of your sovereignty have not been answered by the three years of 
imprisonment to which he has already been subjected, and by the result 
of this trial. 

Far be it from me to attempt to interfere in the administration of jus- 
tice in a sister State, and I trust your Excellency will hold me acquitted 
of any such presumption, and will rather regard me as one who from 
his position has become acquainted with circumstances of extenuation, 
of which the Executive of your State must necessarily be ignorant, and 
is therefore a suppliant only that they may have their due weight with 
the Pardoning Power. 

And if there are no facts in the case unknown to me which mark it 
as one demanding vindictive punishment, that then I may further be 
regarded as respectfully soliciting his release. 

I am, <fcc. 


Vm. II. Richardson, Secretary Commonwealth, to toe Hon. 

J. W. Edmonds. 

The Governor has finally considered the subject of your letter ad- 1846. 
dressed to him on the 12th ultimo, after having submitted it for the Executive 
advice of the Council of State. Department, 

The offence for which the convict Lane was condemned is one which lc mon 
the policy of our laws requires in general should be -punished with 
vigor and severity. This policy is the more urgent in consequence of 
the immunity and protection which has been sometimes afforded to such 
criminals in New York. The attempt to recover damages in New York 
from the Captain of the vessel who manifested so commendable a spirit 
of respect for our laws as to bring back the abducted slaves at great in- 
convenience, was calculated to induce a stronger disposition to let the 
law take its course in the case of I^ane. The Executive, however, can- 
not l>e indifferent to an appeal for clemency coming from so high a 
source as the Judge of a Court which has so signally manifested its own 
respect for our rights, and has so firmly and effectually exerted its offi- 
cial influence and authority for the protection of one who was exposed 
to danger from obedience and regard to the rights of our citizens and 
the vindication of our Laws. Strongly impressed with a desire to yield 
to such an appeal from such a source, and relying upon the mitigating 
circumstances and other considerations stated by you, and especially on 
the assurance from you that the proceedings against the Captain were 
instituted not by Lane, but by others in his name : and hoping that 
the interposition of Executive clemency, under the circumstances of 
this case, may exert a salutary moral influence on the public feeling in 
the Northern States on subjects of this kind, the Governor has granted a 
pardon to the prisoner. 

I am, &c. 

Wm. H. Richardson, Secretary Commonwealth, to Hon. James 

A. Seddox. 

The Governor has instructed me to transmit to you the enclosed copy j u i y 31 

of a letter some time since received here, upon which a pardon was Executive 

L Department, 

granted to the convict therein mentioned, and to inform you that rumors Richmond 

have reached the Executive that an imposition has been practiced, and 

that the letter is probably a forgery. 

He requests therefore that you will be good enough to enquire of the 

Representative of the City of New York whether there is such an officer 

as Judge Edmonds, and inform him. 



1846. He also wishes to apprise the Captain of the vessel, who has suffered 

July 31,^ y } y a prosecution for respecting the laws of Virginia, that the expenses 

apartment, incurred by him in his defence will be refunded by the Executive, and 

lichmond wU1 fed oblige( ] if the Representative from the City of New York will 

convey that information. 

I am, &c. 

J. W. Edmonds to Wm. II. Richardson, Secretary Common- 

August 7 This is all genuine and all right. I have seen the subject of the Gov- 
ernor's clemency since his discharge, and I can not withhold the ex- 
pression of my appreciation of the wisdom, as well as the justice of 
this act ot the Executive of Virginia. 

I would have caused the correspondence to be published here, had it 
not been for my reluctance to intrude myself upon the public in a mat- 
ter which might be regarded as political. At the same time, I had no 
objection to any one else publishing it. 1, therefore, a few days sine* 
sent a copy to Gen'l Dix, because I really think it due to the magna 
niraity of the supreme authority of Virginia that it should be known. 

Mr. Blunt was the counsel of the Captain, and I will see that he ge* 
the information as to the expenses. 

I am, &c. 

By the Governor of Virginia — A Proclamation. 

Whereas the President of the United States, in pursuance of the a< 
of Congress providing for the prosecution of the existing war betwee 
the United States and the Republic of Mexico, has made a requisitio 
upon the Governor of Virginia for one Infantry Regiment of Volunteei 
for immediate service, and to be continued therein during the war wii 
Mexico unless sooner discharged; And whereas by the change of the ten 
of service the enrollment of three Regiments of Volunteers under th 
proclamation of the 23rd of May last is void — Now, therefore, I, Williai 
Smith, Governor of Virginia, do hereby make known that the service 
of ten companies, to constitute a Regiment of Infantry, to serve accorc 
ing to the terms of the requisition of the President, will he accepts 
the said companies to consist of one Captain, one first Lieutenant, 
second Lieutenants, 4 Sergeants, 4 corporals, 2 musicians, and 8 

These companies, when organized and commissioned, to rendezvou 


at Guyandotte, where they will he mustered into the service of the I84fl. 
United States. Volunteer companies of Infantry enrolled under the 
proclamation of 23 May last, who shall promptly conform to the new 
organization and give notice thereof to the Governor, will have the 
preference. But the officer?* must necessarily be elected anew, and as it 
is for immediate and important service in the field, it cannot be too 
strongly impressed upon the men that in selecting their officers all per- 
sonal preferences should be discarded and the best qualified officers be 
chosen. No officer of the militia, whatever may be his grade, will for- 
feit his commission by entering the proposed volunteer service. 

The promptitude with which the requisition for these Regiments to 
serve for twelve months was responded to, affords undoubted assurance 
that the single Regiment now called for will be speedily in the field. 

Given under my hand as Governor and under the seal of the Com- 
monwealth, at Richmond, this eighteenth day of November, in the year 
of our Lord eighteen hundred and forty-six, and of the Commonwealth 
the seventy-first. 

[Seal.] Wm. Smith. 

In thk IIousk of Delegates, 

Fd>ruary 28d, 1847. 

The General Assembly of Virginia have adopted a resolution 1847. 

voting Swords to each of the Officers of the Virginia Regiment of Vol- 
unteers, which I have the honor to enclose. 

Very respectfully yours, <fec, 

George W. Muxford, C. H. D. 

Resolved by the General Assembly of Virginia that the Governor 
of this Commonwealth be and he is hereby requested to present to each 
of the Company Officers of the Virginia Regiment of Volunteers a suit- 
able sword from the Armory of the State. 

Adopted by the General Asesmbly February 20th, 1847. 

George W. Munford, C. H. D. 

The select committee have, according to order, had under considera- 
tion the joint resolutions of the General Assembly of the State of Ohio 
to them referred, and beg leave to report that they have examined care- 
fully the question in controversy between the State of Ohio and this 
Commonwealth as to the proper boundary of territory and jurisdiction 


between the two States. The Committee are of opinion that the title of 
Virginia to the territory northwest of the Ohio River, as to so mud) 
thereof as wan within the limits of her charter, was clear and indisputa- 
ble, and moreover has been so long recognized and acquiesced in by the 
Governments, both of the confederation and of the Union, that it ought 
not to be considered as open to discussion. 

The State of Virginia having title to such territory on the 30th 
December, 1783, authorized her delegates in Congress to convey to the 
United States all of such territory " lying and being to the north we?tof 
the river Ohio." 

A cession thereof was made soon thereafter in pursuance of this 
authority and in conformity with its terms. 

The committee are satisfied that according to the true intent and 
proper legal interpretation of her said deed of cession, Virginia reserved 
to herself her former title as well of soil and jurisdiction as of sover- 
eign dominion over the whole river Ohio, so far as it lay within the 
limits of her charter, and that consequently the true boundary between 
Virginia and Ohio is the northern or northwestern bank of the river 
from the western houndarv line of Pennsylvania to the eastern boundary 
line of the State of Kentucky. 

The committee are also satisfied that the sovereignty and jurisdiction 
of Virginia is co-extensive with the bed of the river between the banks 
at all times, whether the entire bed be at all times covered by the wft^ r 
of the river or not, and that as well in regard to the soil of such bed 
when covered by the water as when it is left bare by the temporary ^ 
ceding of the water. 

The committee express these opinions with some confidence, notwifc** 
standing tl^e diversity of opinion which prevails among the Judges & 
the General Court as disclosed in the opinions of the Judges who sat i* 
the trial of the case of "The Commonwealth vs. Garner, Jcc." With th> 
utmost respect and deference for that high Court, the committee are o> 
opinion that the judgment in that case ought not to be regarded asi 
affecting the right of Virginia to claim the sovereignty and jurisdiction 
over the whole of the river between Ohio and Virginia. 

Although a majority of the Judges who sat in that case were of opin- 
ion that the jurisdiction of Virginia was not co-extensive with the whole 
bed of the river, yet there were only eight Judges of a Court which, 
when full, consists of twenty-two, and these eight Judges differed 
amongst themselves both as to the actual boundary of jurisdiction and 
the manner in which it was to be exercised. 

The general Court, although the Court of highest authority in the 
Commonwealth in criminal cases, is itself an inferior tribunal, and its 
decisions of no binding authority except in criminal prosecutions. The 
committee therefore cannot regard such judgment as an authoritative 


exposition of the law, and the weight which an united and harmonious 1847. 
judgment of even this inferior tribunal would have, is greatly diminished 
by the inconsistent and conflicting opinions of those who concurred in 
the particular judgment in the case referred to. 

While the committee entertain these opinions as to the rights of Vir- 
ginia, diversity of opinion exists in regard to them. The State of Ohio 
insists upon her right to a different boundary from that which is claimed 
for Virginia, and certainly she has the same right to insist on her claim 
as we have to maintain ours. 

It is a conflict of title asserted by two sovereign States which has pro- 
duced, and may again produce, exciting controversies between the peo- 
ple bordering on the river, and which may involve serious collisions 
between the States themselves. 

It is therefore obviously desirable to both, and the common duty of 
both, if practicable, by amicable negotiation and treaty, this distracting 
controversy should be settled. 

The State of Ohio has offered to do so. 'Phis friendly and frank offer 
on her part ought to be met in a corresponding spirit by this Common- 
wealth. The effect at compromise may result in settling forever on 
terms mutually satisfactory a dispute which otherwise will be a source 
f >f perpetual legislation, excitement, and collision. 

The committee therefore recommend the adoption of the following 
resolutions, which are copied mutatis mutandis from the resolutions 
adopted on the 8th of February last by the General Assembly of Ohio : 

Resolved by the General Assembly of the State of Virginia, That a 
board, to consist of three commissioners, citizens of Virginia, be ap- 
l>ointed by the Governor of this State, who shall be authorized to meet 
alike board to be appointed by the State of Ohio, at such time and 
place as may be agreed upon, and to enter into a compact with such 
Ohio commissioners, settling the jurisdiction or boundary, or both, upon 
that part of the Ohio river which divides the States of Virginia and 
Ohio: Provided, that such compact shall not be considered as binding 
until the same be ratified by the said States, respectively, and by the 
Congress of the United States. 

Kesolved that the Governor be authorized to supply any vacancy 
which may happen in the board of Virginia Commissioners, and that 
said board report their proceedings under these resolutions to the Gen- 
eral Assembly of v irginia at the next session, and that they be allowed 
the sum of four dollars per day lor each day they may be occupied in 
the business of their commission, and four dollars for every twenty 
miles of travel, to be paid out of any moneys in the treasury not other- 
wise appropriated, on the warrant of the Auditor of State who shall 
adjust their accounts. 

Kesolved that the Governor of this State forward a copy of these reso- 
lutions to the Governor of the State of Ohio. 


1847. Statk of Virginia, ) . .. 
City of Richmond,) W) " wu: 

I, George W. Munford, Clerk of the House of Delegates 
Keeper of the Rolls of the Commonwealth of Virginia, do hereby cer- 
tify and make known that the foregoing is a true copy of a preamble 
and resolutions agreed to by the General Assembly of Virginia the 
twenty-third March, 1847. Given under my hand this 25th March, 1847. 

Gkorok W. Munford, C. H. D., 
and Keeper of the Rolls. 


William Bibb, Governor of Ohio, to the Governor. 

^pril 5, Yours of the 26th ult., enclosing the preamble and resolutions of tb € 
Ohio ' General Assembly of Virginia in relation to the boundary between tb € 
States of Virginia and Ohio, is received. I will at an early day appoio* 
the Commissioners on behalf of the State of Ohio and confer with yo>*2 
as to the time and place for their meeting. These points can perhaps 
better be settled upon consultation with the Commissioners. 

I am, Ac. 

William Bibb, Governor of Ohio, to the Governor. 

fuly 19, Yours of the 26th ult., advising me of the appointment of Richard 

Oliio" 8 ' K. Meade, William Green, and George W. Thompson as Commissioners 

on behalf of the State of Virginia to settle the questions of boundary 

and jurisdiction, or either of them, between that State and this, has been 

duly received. 

In reply, I have the honor to inform you that Thomas Ewing, of 
Lancaster; Alfred Kelly, of Columbus; and John Brough, of Cincin- 
nati, have been duly appointed Commissioners on behalf of the State 
of Ohio. 

Permit me to suggest Washington city as the place and early in Janu- 
ary next as the time of meeting. The commissioners may then and 
there not only have access to the public Libraries, Archives, and Docu- 
ments with more facility and ease than elsewhere, but the opportunity 
of consultation with their respective delegations in Congress, should they 
deem it desirable and proper, in relation to any questions that may 
arise in the progress of the negotiations. 

The time suggested will be after the holy days, and after our Court in 
Bank, which Messrs. Ewing and Brough will desire to attend, and yet it 
will, I trust, be early enough to permit the result of the action of the 


►mmissioners to be laid before tbe next sessions of our Legislatures, 1847. 

spectively, and afterwards before Congress for approval and acquies- J}? - ?**» 
tnce before the adjournment of those bodies, respectively. Ohio 

An early answer is solicited. 

I am, &c. 

James T. Ames to General Wm. H. Richardson. 
Your favor of the 18th to Mr. Tyler, of Norwich, Conn., has been 1848. 

tf>nt ns Julv 27 > 

^ enl us * t Chicopee, 

The letter which you mention as having been sent, has never been Mass. 
eceived, and must have been lost on the way. 

We have made considerable progress on the swords, and shall hope to 
lave them completed in good time. 

When the inscriptions are ready we shall he glad to receive them, 

1 though we can progress still more with the work before they will be 


I am, tfce. 

Inscriptions for swords voted by General Assembly to General Taylor 
•rid others ordered August 31st, 1848. 

For Gen'l Taylor's Sword. u Presented by Virginia to her distinguished 
on, Major-General Zaehary Taylor for his gallantry and conduct at 
*alo Alto, Resaca de la Pal ma, Monterey, and Buena Vista." 

For Lt.-Col. Payne's sword. '* Presented by Virginia to her distin- 
guished son, Lieutenant-Colonel Mathew M. Payne, for his gallantry 
and conduct at Palo Alto and Resaca de la Palma." 

For Col. Garland's sword. " Presented by Virginia to her distin- 
guished son, Lieutenant-Colonel John Garland, for his gallantry and 
conduct at Palo Alto, Resaca de la Palma and Monterey." 

John 1). Stoar, Commandant, to the Governor. 

By direction of the Navy Department, I have the honor to forward to 1849. 

your Excellency by the Steamer •* Alice " a Brass Gun with its fixtures, v ?* arc 5? r 10 j 

" Navy Yard, 

formerly belonging to Admiral Warren's Barge, the "Centipede," com- Goaport 
manded by Captain Hatchett, of her Majesty's Ship Diadem, which was 
iunk by a shot from the Battery on Craney Island during the gallant 
iefence of that place on the 22d of June. 

I am, <$rc. 


John Bowykr to TnE Govkknor. 

c>o. Permit me to make application to you for the apj>ointnient of Dr. 

l! t "?*' William II. Syme, of I,ewisburg, as agent for the Vaccine Agency re- 

unty cently established at Lewisburg by act of the General Assembly of 


I am, &c. 

At a called meeting of the Council of the city of Richmond on Thurs- 
day, April 18th, 1850, the following preamble and resolutions were 
unanimously adopted : 

Whereas it is understood that the remains of John C. Calhoun, late a 
Senator from our sister State of South Carolina, will be brought to this 
city on Monday afternoon in charge of a joint committee from his 
native State and from the House of Representatives and Senate of the 
United States, and this council being desirous on the part of the citizens 
of Richmond of manifesting ever}' respect to the memory of a man not 
less distinguished for the purity of his private life than illustrious as a 
statesman and Patriot — 

Resolved, that Messrs. Hawkins, Chamberlayne, and Allen be a com- 
mittee on the part of the Council, and that Messrs. Loft in N. KUett, 
George M. Carringtou, James II. Poindextcr. (Jeornc K. Sadler. . I units* 
Winston, Richard R. Haxall, Hugh Rileigh. William F. Ritchie, Thomas 
R. Price. Col. John Rutherford, Nicholas Mills. William II. Macfarlaml, 
William Rutherford, Mann S. Valentine, Judge John S. Caskic, Rolwrt 
(J. Scott, and Joseph Mayo a committee of the city of Richmond, to co- 
operate with any committee that may be appointed by the Executive of 
this Commonwealth in making suitable arrangements for the reception 
of the remains of the late John C. Calhoun on their arrival in this city. 
And that the committee on behalf of the Council and Citizens be re- 
quested to invite the joint committees and all others attending the re- 
mains, to consider themselves as guests of this City. 

Resolved, that the said Committee of the Council and Citizens inform 
the joint Committee thereof and make the necessary arrangements for 
their accommodation. 

Resolved, that the President of the Council be added to the Commit- 
tee on the part of the Council. 

A copy: Wm. P. Sm-:iT.\m>. C. C. R. 

I advise the Governor to appoint a committee of such a number as he 
may deem expedient in conformity with the above Resolution. 

April 19th, 1850. R. T. Pamkj.. 

I concur in the above advice. J no. M. Pattox. 



After much labor and investigation the model for the Washington isr>o. 
monument, to be erected upon the Capitol Square, has been fixed upon. .JT^*' , 
and the one furnished by Mr. Crawford has been thought the best. I 
'Would be glad to have the advice of Council upon it, and, moreover, 
as to the propriety of paying to Mr. Crawford the five hundred dollars 
offered by the Commissioners as the premium for the one adopted. 

1 am, tvc. 

Endorsement upon the paper submitted by the (Jovernor in relation 
to the Washington Monument : 

Advice of Mr. Patton. As it seems that the monument is to be ereeted 
on the Capitol Square, I am decidedly of opinion that the equestrian 
one of Mr. Crawford is the most suitable one for this location. 

Mr. Wiley al*o adcitcn the adoption of Mr. Crawford's model. 

Mr. DtmirV* adoire. I advise that the model of the monument to 
Washington by Mr. Crawford be not accepted, because it docs not seem 
to conform with the terms and spirit of the law under whieh it wa> to 
be erected; which, I think, contemplates an architectural monument 
not miUUifif in its character, but such as may suitably substitute that 
which was intended by the Legislature to be erected over the remains of 
Washington, could they have been interred near her capitol. because 
the hhkIcI in question presents a tribute to the military glory of Wash- 
mj»ton merely, and not to bis whole character; because it wants "**/'>// of 
•taijni, being commemorative not of his character alone, but of the 
diameter of several of his contemporaries, who are yet to be designated, 
and heeause it is to be of lironzc and not of (iranitc or Marble, and is. 


ln niy humble opinion, inferior in taste, beauty, and fitness to some 
°ther models which has been ottered. 

Feb'y 8th, 1850. 

C. C. WlilUUT TO W.M. II. M.\r|-.»|;|.AM». 

In March I had the pleasure of writing to you in relation to the dies \, )T \\ •*». 
for the State of Virginia, which were then <juile advanced. I stated *<* NV Y" rk 
also in that letter I would have them completed by the tirst of .May if 
no accident occurred. 

I now have the satisfaction to transmit to you a proof in I'histcr of 

the obverse and Reverse side of the medal for General Scott, having 

completed the same. I have shewn the impression to <mh"1 Seott, who 

was in my otticc this day, and be has he» n pleased in express his entire 

satisfaction of the workmanship. I hope that it mav «;ive vmi and 



1850. Gov'r Floyd equal satisfaction. I have thought that it would be more 
April 29, agreeable to your wishes to have the medal struck at the United StaU-s 
mint. You will wish- in all probability to have some in silver after the 
gold medal is stricken, aud some in bronze also. I shall, therefore, 
transmit the dies to the United States Mint at Philadelphia to the care 
of Dr. R. M. Patterson, Director, subject to the orcter of yourself or 
Gov'r, and you can communicate with hkn and give your instructions 
in relation to the striking of the medal or medals. 

You will confer a favor*on me by giving this letter an earl}' attention, 
and an expression of the workmanship would be gratifying also. 1 
have sent you the impressions, the design for the obverse side having so 
long an inscription, made it quite difficult to arrange without crowding 
the medal, and I could not arrange it so well in any other way as to 
place it on a tablet, and arrange the trophies on each side under the 
Bust and ends of the tablet. This Medal has been pronounced by Art- 
ists here, and good judges, to be the best arranged and in the best taste 
of any ever*cxecuted in America. 

I send you by Adams & Co.'s Express a small package containing the 
impressions in plaister of the medal for Gen'l Scott. 

Will you be pleased to show them to the Gov'r of your State. 

I am, &c. 

Endorsed : 
Shall a silver medal for the Librarv be ordered? 

Shall any bronze medals or copper for distribution to the Legislature 
or others be ordered ? 

J. B. Floyd. 

It seems to me it would be proper to have a silver medal for the 
Library and five of bronze or copper for distribution, as the Legislature 
may direct, and I so advise. 

J. M. Pattox. 

1850, May 11th. Dr. Patterson, Director of the Mint, requested to 
have one gold, one silver, and twenty-five bronze medals prepared. 

Henry A. Wise to the Governor. 

May 31. I was lately called to this city by the severe illness of a child, and 

Philadelph'a nave j U8 t Deen informed of the death of William Parramore. Jr., late 

Com'r of Wrecks for the County of Accomack, and am requested to add 

my testimonial to that of others in behalf of Coventon H. Cropper. 

Esq., who is an applicant for the appointment in Mr. ParramoreV place. 


T hesitate not to recommend Mr. Cropper to you as a fit and proper 1850. 
jwrson. He is fully competent in all respects, is a man of Respectability p.M 41 ^ j}'*. , 
and intelligence, with a family dependent on him, and owing to misfor- 
tune in business needs the little emolument** of the place. His father, 
("■en'l Jno. Cropper, of Accomack, was distinguished in the Virginia 
line on continental establishment during the Revolution ; served longer 
than any other officer of the State in that line, having been paid for 
eight years' service by the State, and having reached the full rank of 
Lt.-Colonel. He was President of the Cincinnati Society whilst it ex- 
isted in Virginia; was honored by Washington in 1799 with the com- 
mand of the 14 lower Counties, when the proposition of the provisional 
army was made, and served for many years prior to his death in 1821 
in the Virginia Senate. Not one of his sons has ever rece'd the small- 
est appointment from the State or Federal Gov't. 1 trust, therefore, 
that you will give this respectable son of a Revolutionary Sire a fair con- 
sideration for his application for an appointment so humble as this. 

1 am, Arc. 

Articles of agreement entered into this 27th day of June, 1850, be- 
tween Thomas Crawford, of the city of New York, of the one part, and 
John B. Floyd, Governor of the Commonwealth of Virginia, for and on 
behalf of the said Commonwealth, in pursuance of an act of Assembly, 
of the other part — witnesseth : 

The said Thomas Crawford covenants and agrees on his part, in ac- 
cordance with the design and description furnished by him for the Vir- 
ginia Washington Monument and now in the possession of the said J. 
B. Floyd, Governor as aforesaid, to model and complete in bronze of a 
rich and beautiful colour and of the best quality the following statuary, 
shields, wreaths, and stars to constitute a part of the said monument 
now being erected by the State of Virginia on the Capitol Square, in the 
City of Richmond — to-wit : One equestrian group representing General 
George Washington on Horseback, the portraiture ami costume to be 
similar to that represented by Iloudon's Statue of Washington now in 
the Capitol in the said city, the group to be enriched by the proper in- 
tnxluction of Gold on such parts of the costume as may require it; the 
height of said equestrian group when completed to be not less than 
fifteen English feet, measuring from the upper surface of the platform 
U|>on which said group is to stand to the top of the chapeau of the 

One full length pedestrian statue representing Thomas Jefferson and 
another such statue representing Patrick Henry, the portraiture of each 
to be taken from the best likenesses to be obtained, and the costumes to 



]8.">0. be the dress most commonly worn by each in the performance of his 
public duties.. Each statue to be not less than ten English feet in height 

Two shields, having upon the surface of one the coat of arms of Vir- 
ginia with its motto as represented on one side of the Great Seal of the 
Commonwealth, and upon the surface of the other the figures repre- 
sented on the reverse of the same seal with the motto thereon. Each 
of said shields to be not less than six English feet in height. Each 
shield to be surrounded by a wreath of laurel and oak leaves combined. 

Thirteen wreaths of laurel and oak leaves, each wreath to be not less 
than sixteen English inches high. 

Thirteen stars — Each to be not less than fifteen English inches in 

And the said Thomas Crawford further covenants and agrees to com- 
plete the said statuary, shields, wreaths, and stars in the best manner, 
according to his said design, on or before the twenty-second day of Feb- 
ruary, eighteen hundred and fifty-six ; and he further covenants and 
agrees to cause the same, as soon as completed, to be properly cased and 
boxed at his expense, and to be placed in good condition on board some 
safe and suitable vessel bound for the city of Richmond, Virginia (via 
New York if absolutely necessary), and to contract with the master of 
said vessel to deliver the same in like condition to the Governor of the 
State of Virginia, or to his duly authorized agent, for such usual freight 
as may bo agreed upon between said Crawford and said master. And 
said Crawford further covenants and agrees to cause the said statuary, 
shields, wreaths, and stars to be properly insured for the Commonwealth 
of Virginia against all damage and loss, from the time of completion 
until delivered to the Governor aforesaid, or his authorized agent, in the 
city of Richmond. All damage and loss prior to the time of comple- 
tion to be borne bv the said Crawford. 

The consideration of all of which covenants and agreements on the 
part of the said Thomas Crawford, the said John B. Floyd, Governor as 
aforesaid for and on behalf of the Commonwealth of Virginia, covenants 
and agrees that the said Commonwealth will cause to be paid to the 
said Crawford, or his authorized agent, at the treasury of the said Com- 
monwealth, in lawful money of Virginia, the following sums — to-wit : 
For the said equestrian group, the sum of thirty thousand dollars; for 
each of the said pedestrian statues, the sum of nine thousand dollars ; 
for each of said shields, the sum of two thousand dollars; for the said 
thirteen wreaths and thirteen stars, the sum of nine hundred and seventy- 
five dollars — making for the said statuary, shields, wreaths, and stars 
the total sum of fifty-two thousand nine hundred and seventy-five dol- 
lars. But it is understood and agreed that the sum aforesaid shall be 
paid to the said Crawford, or his authorized agent, at the times and in 
the manner following : 


The sum of ten thousand dollars as an advance to enable him to com- ig50. 

mence the said work, to be paid when he shall have delivered to the 

said John B. Floyd, Governor as aforesaid, or his authorized agent, a 

bond duly and legally executed to the Commonwealth of Virginia by 

John Ward, Esq'r, of the city of New York, for the sum of ten thousand 

dollars, said bond to be held as security by the said Commonwealth 

until the said Crawford shall be entitled to receive the amount of said 

bond in payment for his said work as hereinafter specified. 

When the resident minister, charge d 'affairs or Consul, duly ap- 
pointed by the United States Government for the city or Capital in 
which the said statuary shall be modelled, shall certify that said two 
pedestrian statues and one of said shields are in all respects ready to 
leave the studio of the said Crawford for the purpose of being cast in 
bronze, then upon the presentation of said certificate, properly authen- 
ticated, the said Crawford shall be entitled to the sum of eleven thou- 
sand dollars, to the payment of which the said ten thousand dollars ad- 
vanced as aforesaid shall be considered as applied, and the remaining 
one thousand dollars shall be paid to the said ('raw ford, or his author- 
ized agent, in money as aforesaid ; and the said John 15. Floyd, Gover- 
nor as aforesaid, further covenants and agrees that the bond executed by 
the said John Ward shall then be delivered to said Ward, or his author- 
ized agent, upon demand. 

When the accredited agent of the United States government as afore- 
said shall give a certificate stating that the said equestrian group is in 
all respects ready to leave the studio of the said Crawford for the pur- 
pose of being cast in bronze, then upon the presentation of said certifi- 
cate properly authenicated, the said Crawford, or his agent, shall be paid 
the further sum of fifteen thousand dollars. But if the models for said 
equestrian group shall be completed before the models for said two 
statues and one shield, and the certificate stating that fact shall be pre- 
sented before the certificate stating the completion of the models of the 
said statues and shield, then the ten thousand dollars advanced as afore- 
said shall be deducted from the said fifteen thousand dollars, and the 
sum of five thousand dollar* shall only be paid to the said Crawford, it 
being understood and agreed between the said parties that the said sum 
advanced shall be in part of the first payment for said work. And if 
the contingency herein specified shall happen, then the bond aforesaid 
shall be delivered up as aforesaid. 

When the accredited agent of the United States government as afore- 
said shall give a certificate stating that either of the said pedestrian 
statues has been successfully cast in bronze, there shall be paid to the 
said Crawford, or his agent, two thousand two hundred and fifty dollars. 
That the equestrian group has been successfully cast in bronze, there 
shall be paid in like manner seven thousand five hundred dollars. 


1850. That either of the said shields has heen successfully cast in bronze, 
then; shall be paid in like manner five hundred dollars. That the said 
thirteen wreaths and thirteen stars have been successfully cast in bronze, 
there shall be paid in like manner seven hundred and twenty-nine dol- 
lars ; each of said sums to be paid upon the presentation of said certifi- 

When each of said pedestrian statues is received in the city of Rich- 
mond completed as specified herein, the said Crawford shall be paid the 
sum of two thousand two hundred and fifty dollars. When the said 
equestrian group is so received, the sum of seven thousand five hun- 
dred dollars. When each of said shields is so received, the sum of five 
hundred dollars; and when the said thirteen wreaths and thirteen star* 
are so received, the sum of two hundred and fortv-seven dollars. \1* 
which payments are in full of the amount specified to be paid for tl* * 
whole work herein mentioned. 

And the said John R. Floyd, Governor as aforesaid, further covenant^-** 
and agrees that the said Commonwealth of Virginia will cause to b 
paid to the said Thomas Crawford the sum that may be paid, or con 
traded to be paid, by him on account of the insurance of said eques 
trian group statues, shields, wreathes, and stars from the time of thei 
completion as aforesaid until received by said Commonwealth in the 
city of Richmond, and also the sum that may be paid, or contracted to 
be paid, by him for freight on the same from the port at which they are 
shipped to the said city or Richmond ; the amount in either case being 
not more than the customary insurance or freight upon such articles. 

And it is further understood and agreed between the parties herein 
that if any one or more of the models specified herein shall be finished 
in the studio of the said Crawford, but not cast in bronze, and the said 
Crawford shall then die, or from any cause become unable to complete 
the same, the right of property in the said models shall immediately 
vest in the Commonwealth of Virginia, and the Governor thereof shall 
have authority to appoint an agent, and full power and authority is 
hereby given said agent by said Crawford to take possession of the said 
model or models for the said Commonwealth to make such use thereof 
as her constituted authorities may deem proper. And if in like manner 
any one or more of said statues, shields, wreaths, and stars shall have 
been cast in bronze, but not delivered in the city of Richmond, and the 
said Crawford shall die, or be unable to deliver the same according to 
the stipulations herein set forth, then, in like manner, the right of prop- 
erty in the same shall vest in the Commonwealth, and like proceedings 
may be had, and like authority is hereby conferred to take possession 
of the same for the use of the Virginia Washington Monument. And 
if the sum stipulated to be paid in either case has not been paid by the 
said Commonwealth, then upon taking possession thereof the amount 






stipulated to be paid for the said work as tar as executed, shall l>e paid isr>o. 
to the executor or administrator of said Crawford legally authorized to 
receive the same. But if the said work should he executed and deliv- 
ered according to agreement, then the slid mo lels shall he retained by 
the said Crawford for his own u<e and behoof. 

In testimony whereof the said Thomas (raw ford hath subscribed his 

name and affixed his seal, and the said John H. Floyd, Governor of the 

Commonwealth of Virginia, hath subscribed his name and caused the 

lesser seal of the Commonwealth to be affixed thereto the dav and vear 

first a1x>ve mentioned. 

Thomas Ckawko|{j>. [Seal.] 
[Seal.] John 11. Floyd. 

Kobkrt Mills to tiik (-Jovekxok. 

Enclosed you will find the letter of Professor Gale, being a report on July 22, 
the specimens of Granite placed in his charge for examination, marked ^cjty 0I 
Xos. 1, 2, 3, 4, and the result of these experiment* 4 . No. 1 specimen is 
from the State Quarries, No. '1 from Green's, No. 3 from f)fiu.riUr, and 
No. 4 from Exall's Quarry. 

As soon as I received Dr. Gale's letter, I wrote Mr. Crawford the re- 
sult and requested him to reply at his earliest convenience, as I wished 
to write vou on the subject without delav. 

I have this dav received his letter, in which lie writes : 

44 1 am truly glad to find that the examination of tin- State Granite 
has l>een of so favorable a character. I would advise its u^v through- 
out the entire monument; in faet, I had no doubt about its durability 
from the first, and I think the Governor will also be pleased at the re- 
sults of the experiments of Dr. Gale; they will place the subject out of 
the reach of invidious remark, and he a sufficient warrant for procuring 
as soon as possible all the stone required from the State Quarry.'' 

I had remarked to Mr. Crawford that the prrnlinr tint which distin- 
guished the State stone from the other stones, and which pleased him so 
much, as well as others, was in consequence of this portion of the oxide 
of iron being in its composition. Years may elapse before the develop- 
ment of this oxide on the surface to any degree unsightly, and should 
this ever occur we have the remedy at hand for its removal pointed out 
in the paper of Dr. Gale. 

I must congratulate the State? in it* possessing so valuable a material, 
and hope it will have other uses for it than the interesting object it is 
now applied to. 

The mineral and agricultural wealth of Virginia is developing every 
dav. and we inav look forward to the period when she will be first in 
the list of States for our resources and iudustrv. 


1850. Ah him.hi us Virginia in her improvements reaches the valley of the 

W 1 irtn <m *° !in< l Mississippi, she will open the great commercial route from the 
City North to the West and vice versa, because this will he found the shortest. 
safest, and cheapest route for the northern States on their seaboard. 

Mr. Crawford writes of his departure on Saturday in the Washington. 
Me mentioned in his letter the probability of some little change in the 
design of the nion'm't in regard to the number of the pedestrian *tat*'f*. 
This you will determine in time to inform me when we reach that stage 
of the work. 

With the highest esteem and respect, I have the honor to be, 

Yours, ifre. 

The undersigned, members of the Hoard of Engineers appointed by 
the (Governor of Virginia under the act of the General Assembly of Vir- 
ginia, passed March 21st, 1850, entitled "An act concerning the city of 
Wheeling and the Baltimore and Ohio Rail Road Company, 1 ' hereby 
certify that they have made, and herein do declare, the following decision 
in relation to the matters of difference between the said eitv of Wheel- 
ing and the said Baltimore and Ohio Rail Road Company, submitted to 
the said Board bv the aforesaid act —viz. : 

That the Route from the mouth of Riles fork of Builalo creek to the 
Depot of the Baltimore and Ohio Rail Road, in the city of Wheeling, 
entering the Ravine of the Ohio River at or near the mouth of Big 
O rave creek, designated and described "on the maps, Documents, and 
papers referred to this Board by the parties jointly as the Urave creek 
route by Harts run," is the "True and proper Route'' according to the 
provisions of the act passed March (ith, 1847, entitled "an act to au- 
thorize the Baltimore and Ohio Rail Road Company to construct the ex- 
tension of their Road through the Territory of Virginia, 1 ' and of the 
argument between the city of Wheeling and the said Company of the 
6th of July, 1847. 

Given under our hands at West Point, in the State of New York, on 
the 27th day of September, A. D. 1850. 

I). H. M. vh an, Chn, 

W. Raymond Lkk, 

M. Lkwis Clakk, SVt'y, 

Board of Engineers. 

A Iietter of S'c'ty of State U. 8., dated Oct. 20th, 1S50, enclosing one 
from A. Lawrence, V. S. minister to London, dated Oct. 11th, 1850. 
Also one from Ix>rd Ralmiston, dated Oct. 9th, 1850, all relating to the 


copying of " Minutes of Council and Assembly," recorded in Her Ma- i860, 
jesty's State P. office, desired to have made by the Legislature of Vir- 
ginia, is on file. 

The following is a list with dates and volumes of such as are recorded 
in the State Paper office in Ixmdon : 

Virginia S. P. (X, Board of Trade transmission, Virginia Minutes of 
Council. Last endorsement or attestation and Assembly in each 


49, 1060 to 1684. Rec'ed 1 Nov., 1684, pr. Mr. Blayer. 

50, 1681 " 1695. Do. 1 Aug., 1695. 

51, 1688 " 1695. Do. 6 Sept'r, 1695. 

52, 1696 " 1700. Do. 18 July, 1700, referred to in Col. Nicholas 7 let- 

ter, &c, &c. 

53, 1695 to 1700. Do. 19th Oct., 1700. 

54, 1700 u 1702. Do. 19 May, 1703. 

55, 1700 « 1703. Do. Do. 

56, 1702 " 1706. Do. 20th Nov., 1706, in that Pr. and CoPs letters. 

57, 1703 " 1706. Do. Do.. Do. 

58, 1706 u 1714. Do. 6th April, 1 715, referred in Gov. Spotswood's lei 

59, 1710 " 1714. Do. Do. Do. Do. 

60, 1714 " 1718. Do. 9th July, 1719, referred in Gov. Spotswood's let. 

61, 1719 " 1723. Do. August, 1723. 

62, 1723 u 1727. Do. 3 April, 1727, with Col. Carter's letter. 

63, 1727 " 1728. Do. 30 July, 1728, referred to in Major GovePs letter. 

64, 1729 " 1736. Do. 23 May, 1737, with Major GovePs letter. 
Go, 1730 " 1734. Ms. and Pr. Rece'd 20th Nov., 1834, with Maj'r 

(iovel's letter. 
1737 " 1752. Ms. and Pr. Rece'd 23 Mar., 1752, trans, by Col. 




1735 " 1736. Ms. and Pr. Rece'd 23 May, 1737. 
1738 " 1739. Do. 25 Sept., 1739. 

1738 u 1752. Copies. 

1740 " 1752. Copies. 

1742. Man. 13 Jan'y, 1742-3. 

1748 " 1749. Attested copy by Randolph. 

1752 " 1760. transmitted by Gov'r Dinwiddie. 

1753 " 1755. Rec'd with Gov. Dinwiddle's letter, &c. 
1753 u 1762. Do. Do. Do. 
1755 " 1769. Copy attested by G. Wythe. 

1757 " 1759. Rec'd with Gov. Fauquier's letter, &c. 

1758 " 1773. Ms. and Pr. Duplicates rece'd from Sec. State's office. 
1760 " 1768. in Lt.-Gov.'s letter. 


1850. Vols. 

80, 1TG1 " 1704. Ms. and Pr. Attested copies by John Randolph. 

81, 1708. Do. Do. Do. G. Wythe. 

82, 1709 " 1772. Do. Do. Do. Do. 

83, 1709 " 1775. Do. Do. Do. N. Walthor. 

497, Acts 1705 " 1710. Copies attested by Wm. Randolph. 

498, Do. 1710 "1715. " " u Rich'd Buckner. 

499, Do. 1718 u 1720. Rece'd 9th Sept, 1720. 

500, Do. 1727 " 1730. Do. 14th Sept., 1730. 

501, Do. 1732 " 1730. Do. 23 May, 1737. 

502, Do. 1738 " 1742. Do. 13 Jan'y, 1742-3. 

503, Do. 1744 " 1747. Do. 24 Mar., 1747-8. 

504, Do. 1748 •' 1749. Do. 19 Mar., 1750. 

505, Do. 1749 " 1752. Do. 4 Oct., 1752. 
500, Do. 1753 '• 1750. Do. 4 Jan'y, 1757. 

507, Do. 1757 " 1758. Do. 9 Oct., 1758. 

508, Do. 1759 u 1700. Copies attested by John Randolph. 

509, Do. 1701 " 1702. Do. Do. Do. 

510, Do. 1702 u 1704. Do. Do. Do. and others. 

511, Do. 1704 " 1707. Do. Do. Do. Do. 

512, Do. 1708 " 1770. Do. Do. Do. by G. Wythe. 

Robert W. Baylor to the Governor. 

Dec. 13, I herewith enclose you a copy of the proceedings of a meeting of the 

citizens of Jefferson Count 
resolution thereat adopted. 

areft own citizens of Jefferson County held on the 9th inst. in compliance with a 

1 am, &c. 

Public Meeting. Re-election of Senator Mnsmt. 

On the arrival of the news from Richmond of the re-election of Col. 
James M. Mason to the United States Senate by the Legislature of Vir- 
ginia on Monday evening, the 9th inst., the Court House bell was rung 
and a meeting of the people of the town and neighborhood held. 

On motion, Col. Francis Yates was called to the chair and Robert W, 
Baylor appointed Secretary. 

On motion of R. H. Butcher, Esq'r, the following resolutions were 
offered and adopted : 

Resolved, That with unfeigned pleasure we have just heard of the 
re-election of the Hon. James M. Mason to the Senate of the United 
States by the Virginia Legislature. 

Resolved, That this meeting hail with delight this act of justice and 
right on their part towards a distinguished faithful public servant, who 


bas obeyed his State, faithfully represented his constituents, and re- i860, 
fleeted honor upon this noble Commonwealth. Ch 1° t^' 

Resolved, That our worthy Senator should see in this act of his con- 
stituents not only his reward, but his duty to persevere in that course 
which shall ensure to his own State and the whole South her constitu- 
tional rights under the Constitution made by the Fathers of this Re- 
On motion of Robert W. Baylor, it was 

Resolved, That this meeting tender their thanks to the Senator from 
this district, H. L. Opie, and other senators and members from the Val- 
ley for vindicating the rights of this State and the South in their advo- 
cacy of the claims of the Hon. James M. Mason to the Senate of the 
United States. 
On motion of Capt. John W. Rowan, it was 

Resolved, That a committee of five be appointed by the chair to pro- 
cure ammunition and fire a salute of 13 Guns in honor of the recent act 
of the Legislature of Virginia in the re-election of the Hon. James M. 
Mason to the Senate of the United States. 

The Chair appointed Capt. John W. Rowan, James B. Small, John 
Avis, Jr., J. C. Rawlins, and Dr. \V. H. D. Hall a committee under the 
above resolution. 
On motion of W. H. D. Hall, it was 

Resolved, That the secretary of this meeting forward a copy of the 
proceedings to the Hon. James M. Mason, Senator-elect; to the lion. R. 
M. T % Hunter, to the State Senator from this District, and to his Excel- 
lency John B. Floyd, Governor of Virginia. 
On motion of Win. Lisle Baker, Esq'r, it was 

Resolved, That the proceedings of this meeting be published in the 
fyint of Jefferson, Charlestown Free Press, and the Richmond Enquirer, 
and Examiner. 

Francis Yates, Chairman. 
Robert W. Baylor, Secretary. 

Andrew Elucott to thk Governor. 

Since I had the pleasure of meeting you with the Delegation from Dec. 19, 
Marvland to the manufacturers and miners convention, it has occurred Baltimore 
to me from the liberal views you then expressed in relation to the de- 
velopment of the resources of your State, that 1 might have pressed on 
your notice the subject of the Geological Survey of Virginia. 

You are aware that manv of the Counties were examined bv Prof. 
Kogers and his assistants, and that annual reports were submitted to the 
legislature, a limited number being printed in the usual pamp\\\et iotm. 




Dec. 19, 


These reports are now out of print, and it is scarcely possible to pro- 
cure a copy, though much sought for, being a standard work for the 
United State?. 

The suggestion I take the liberty to make is that the legislature order 
a large edition of these reports, to be compiled by Prof. Rogers, with 
authority to revise the work and add such general remarks as may be 
useful to the agricultural and mining interest of the State. 

You are aware that the Geological survey was never finished on ac- 
count of the appropriation having been withheld. You can best judge 
whether it be a fitting time to urge the completion of the survey. My 
object at present is merely to suggest the propriety of now completing a 
new issue of the reports. 

The survey cost the State a large sum, and that expenditure is lost 
and fruitless unless the information be made accessible to the people. 
In the prosecutions of the survey thousands of specimens of mineral* 
were collected and deposited in the University. Very many of these 
have been carefully analyzed, and some of the results are to be found in 
the reports, and would be of great value to the public. 

Virginia is more prolific in valuable minerals than any other State. 
It is within my own knowledge that you have Gold, Copper, I^ead, Iron, 
Chrome Manganese, Plumbago, Ilarytis, Gipsum, Lime, Coal, Salt, Shell 
marie, Green sand Marie. Prof. Rogers' reports respecting marie are 
very interesting, and I think that some of the analyses to which I refer 
shew the presence of alkalies sufficient to indicate that you have a mate- 
rial on the banks of your rivers, and within sight of your capital or your 
official residence, which may be substituted for the costly Guano which 
is brought so many thousand miles. The reports concerning the Iron 
mines and coal fields of Western Virginia demonstrate that you are 
rich in this class of minerals, and can compare with Pennsylvania in 
this particular. 

The great rivers of Virginia cross and cut through the mountain and 
mineral ranges which run parallel with the sea coast, and exhibit every 
foundation from the oldest Granite the more recent marie deposits, ex- 
posing them and the intermediate strata, thereby bringing to the light of 
day the geological structure of the Earth for a perpendicular depth of 
several miles. Hence it is no State admits of so satisfactory an exami- 

I am, c\:e. 

Francis Otway Byrd to the Governor. 

1851. My friend, Mr. Samuel G. Wyman, informed me you requested in- 

Ton 1 

Baltimore I " orma ^ ou a8 to tne battles in which I was engaged during the war be- 
tween the United States and Great Britain, that their names might be 


igraved on the sword which has been voted to me by the Legislature 1861. 
? Virginia, my native State. BaUmore 

I have the honor to inform you, I was engnged in the battles of 
undy's Lane or Bridgewater, and that of Fort Erie, and was also in 
le Fort at the time of the forty days' seige, and had the honor to com- 
land a bastion in the same during the whole period. 

1 was also in the Algerine war, and with Commodore Decatur on 
oard of his ship, and in two engagements in which the enemy struck 
lis flag, and we took possession of both vessels. 

With great respect, Your obedient servant. 

Sam'l Jackson to Gen. Wm. II. Richardson. 

Yours of the 29th of March was duly received. I can and will, if I April 3, 
jetthe order, make such a sword as you describe in your last letter at gtreS 
&50. It shall be something neat and chaste. As a matter of course, Baltimore 
t will not l>e as rich as if it cost the first named price, S750. I can 
nake a very handsome sword, and put very neat chasing on for $550, 
*hich price I now agree to take for such a sword as you last described, 
ind with it a neat belt and case, and do further agree to have it done in 
unety days from the day I receive the order. 

I am, &c. 
I think this contract had better be made. 

[Signed] J. B. Floyd. 

[The following mem. appears in the handwriting of (rov'r Floyd. — Ed.] 

Let an order be given to Mr. Sam'l Jackson, of Baltimore, for a sword 
o Capt. Francis Otway Byrd. 

Silver scabbard and Hilt elegantly wrought and richly gilt. 

On one side of the bladt*, the words u Bridgewater," " Fort Erie," 
Algiers." A vignette of a seventy-four gun-ship beneath. On the 
ther side, this inscription : " The reward of Virginia for the heroic ser- 
ices of her son, Capt. Francis Otway Byrd in the war of 1812, and in 
ie expedition against the Algerines." 

Francis O. Byrd to H. C. Nicholas, Eso/r. 

My brother Richard has received a letter from Gen'l Richardson, the Anpust 16, 
jcretary of the Commonwealth, stating that the sword voted by the Clarke 
Jgislature to me has been received, and will probably be presented as 



1851. soon as the Governor returns to Richmond. My hrother not being 

^fM UR t 1<i ' there, I have taken the liberty of asking the favor of you to represent 

County me in the reception, and take the charge of it, packing it carefully in a 

box with paper, Arc, and transmit it by Adams Express, directing it to 

F. O. Byrd, to the care of Wynian, Appleton & Comp'y, Haiti more. 

If you should not be able to receive it for me will you get some gen- 
tleman of your acquaintance to act for me, perhaps Mr. C. Robinson, 
Mr. Patton, or any one else you might select. Will you take charge of 
it and send it carefully packed as directed. Any expense you may be 
at be so good as to write to me (at any rate), and the money shall be re- 
mitted to you. 

I am, Arc. 

Richmond, Sep'r 22nd, 1851. 

I have this day received from Gen'l Wm. H. Richardson, Secretary «r** 
the Commonwealth, the sword mentioned in the within letter of Oaj**- 
Otway Byrd, voted to him by the Legislature of Virginia on account o* 
his services in Canada during the war of IS 12 with Great Britain. 

Robert C. Nicholas, 
for F. (). Byrd. 


June 30, 


R. T. Daniel, John R. Thompson, Siikkwin McKae, A. II. Gilmer 


On behalf of the citizens of Richmond, we ask of your Excellency to 
take the usual steps in regard to the death of Mr. Clay (intelligence of 
which has reached us) which have been adopted in other instances of 
the demise of distinguished citizens of our Country. These have com- 
monly been to display the $tate Hag at half mast on the Capitol, Toll- 
ing the State Bell until sunset, minute guns or a fixed number of Guns 
fired at intervals until sunse.t, and the closing of the Public offices. 

Should it please your Excellency to adopt such measures commemo- 
rative of the afflictive event referred to, it will be received as a gratifying 
expression of the public feeling on this mournful occasion. 

We are, etc. 

1853. [A- number of letters, embracing a period of several years, are on file 

relative to a gift of a box of coal (with illustrated charts and a reprint 
of Dud. Dudley's Metallum Martis 16G5). iron and other mineral speci- 
mens from the Staffordshire District, England, presented by Dr. John 
Burton, a native of Virginia, but a resident of England, to the State 


\Abrary, remitted through his friend, John S. Cunningham, of Ports- 1853. 

mouth, Va. The joint Committee of the Library thought best to entrust 

the aaid box of minerals to the care of Dr. S. Maupin, of Richmond, 

"for elassiri cation and arrangement.'' Subsequently, at the suggestion 

of Mr. Cunningham, the destination of the said minerals was changed 

to the University of Virginia, to which place it seems to have been 

sent— Ed.] 

No papers for the year 1854. • 

Thomas Crawford to Col. Geo. W. Munford. 

I received your favor of August 30th a short time since, and would 1855. 
have answered it immediately had I not just previously written to Mr. SJ? villa 
Ritchie, who, while informing me of the safe arrival of the Statuary at Negroni 
Richmond, alluded to the difficulty you mention relative to attaching 
the Bas relief to the monument. 

You are correct in supposing that I felt obliged to enlarge the Bas 
relief to the proportion of the Statuary, and I was perfectly aware that 
the appendages of them would consequently stand clear of the Granite. 
I had thought of the plan you speak of for filling in by inserting a piece 
of Granite, precisely the width of the Bronze plate, into the face of the 
monument as the most simple remedy, and I was under the impression 
I had written to Mr. Ritchie regarding this in my last instructions for 
fixing the Statuary upon the monument. I can only account for not 
doing bo by the complication of advice I felt obliged to send him and my 
anxiety to be especially . plain and intelligible, or some interruption at 
the time of writing must have driven this particular subject out of my 
mind at the moment. 

Of the methods you propose, I prefer the Granite one as the most 
workmanlike and most practicable. 

An insertion of two inches upon the face of the monument will be suf- 
ficient for the strip of Granite, which, with three inches of projection 
(this being the space to fill up, if I understand you correctly), will an- 
swer all the purposes of strength required. 

The strips, when in position behind each Bas relief, should be bolted 
to their places by a piece of iron. The bolts should be leaded in, and 
two Bolts should be used for each strip, taking care they do not interfere 
with the direction the Bronze Bolts will have when the Bas reliefs are in 
their places. Of course the strips would only require to be even with 
the tops of the Bas reliefs, without any reference to the Ribbon on which 
the motto is engraved. 


1856. I believe these are all the directions necessary to remedy the defi- 

ItoraeViUa c ^ enc y occasioned by the increjised size of the Bas relief. 
Negroni I would prefer to have the u Sic Semper Tyrannis " placed on the 

side of the monument fronting the Governor's House. I have already 
expressed to Mr. Ritchie how much I have been gratified by the re- 
ported success of the Statues, and I need only say to you that I am suf- 
ficiently encouraged thereby to look forward with great hoj>e towards 
the completion of the monument. I have not only used every effort in 
my power to do justice to the confidence placed in me, but also, and 1 
think it will be admitted, not allowed myself to be influenced by pecu- 
niary considerations while departing from the proportions originally iO" 
tended for the Statues, when I found that the general effect of the mon**~ 
nient would be improved by adopting 12 feet as the height of the Status* 
instead of 9 feet — by the same rule the Equestrian Statue has becon** 5 
21 feet instead of 15 — thus causing an extraordinary increase of expend ^ 
to me, with which I have no intention of troubling you, except b^^ 
merely alluding to and connected with my desire to stand by the comv 
mittee and my own reputation. 

Perhaps you are right about the eyes of Jefferson. I can only say**^*^ 
that while modeling the Statue my object was to obtain, if possible, th 
greatest calmness in contrast to the energy of Henry, and after various 
experiments with Jefferson's eyes I coucluded to pat them out. I would 
not have done so were the Statue destined to stand alone, but forming 
as it does part of a '• group,'* I thought that greater variety of expression 
would be the result in the whoU: work' by keeping the face of Jefferson 
quiet, besides at the height the Statues will ultimately occupy these de- 
tails will be scarcely visible. 

In niv last letter to Mr. Ritchie I mentioned that I was induced to 
depart from the usually rece ? d personification of '" Liberty " and give 
the cap and sword to a figure better able to stand the " brunt of war " 
than a female can be supposed to do. Liberty requires hard fighting, 
and I fear always will to retain the independence bequeathed to us by 
the great men of our revolutionary period. We have had as yet in the 
history of the world few instances of female Generals, and those I re- 
mem her at present were rather unfortunate — one died at the stake and 
the other in Prison, vide Joan of Arc and Semeramis. Perhaps I have 
not duly considered what the strong-minded Bloomers of America may 
accomplish ; but ''sufficient for the day is the evil thereof." 

The missing screw-driver can be easily replaced by application to any 
ordinary Blacksmith. It merely requires to fit the square head of the 
Bronze screw, and to be turned horrizontally instead of perpendicularly. 
Tis, in fact, the same as used by carriage smiths. 

I have much pleasure in being able to inform you that 1 received yes- 
terday a letter from the director of the Foundery at Munich, informing 








ri. r 

f 1 




me of the successful casting of the Horse. This must be looked upon 1855. 

as a great event; had the casting failed, the work would have been k^* ^?? 1 

thrown hack at least a 12 month. I am now assured of its being com- Negroni 

pleted by April next. The beauty of workmanship in the Bronze 

Statues will enable you to judge of the finish the Equestrian Statue will 

receive. I will keep you informed of its progress, and of the necessity 

for the application to the General Assembly to send a suitable vessel for 

it when ready to leave Amsterdam. 

Permit me to request that you will present my respects to Mr. Conway 
Robinson, to Mr. Miles, and to Mr. Giles, whose kindness to me during 
my short stay in Richmond I always remember with such pleasure. 

I am, &c, 

Henry A. Wise, Governor, to Jesse J. Simpkins, Chief 


Instructions as to executing the law for inspecting vessels to guard 1856. 
against the escape by that means of fugitive slaves from the ports of ^^ 19 J» 
Virginia, is on file. 

Frakcis H. Smith, Superintendent, to Col. G. W. Munford. 

The ceremonies connected with the erection of the Bronze Cast of 
Houdon's Statue of Washington recently presented by the Legislature 
of Virginia to the Va. Mil. Institute, will take place on the 3rd day of 
July next It would afford the cadets of the Institution great pleasure 
to be favored with your presence on that occasion. 

I am, &q. 

Richmond, June 27th, 1856. 

Alexander Gait, EsqY, the gentleman who bears this certificate, is em- 
ployed by the State of Virginia, of the United States of America, as a 
Statuary to execute for her University at Charlottesville a statue of its 
illustrious founder, Thomas Jefferson. 

He is about to depart from this country for Florence, in Italy, with a 
view to execute this work of art. I, therefore, give him this credential, 
and bespeak for him from all Ministers, Consuls, Agents, and other offi- 
cials of the United States abroad, due credit and assistance in his un- 
dertaking as an agent and employee of the State of Virginia, and as a 
gentleman worthy of all respect. And in this behalf, I request the 
President of the U. States to cause the seal of the Department of State 


June 14, 



June 14, 

of the U. States to be hereto affixed, vouching the seal of the State of 
Virginia to all whom it may concern out of the limits of the U. States. 
In testimony whereof, I, Henry A. Wise, Governor of Virginia, have 
hereto caused the Seal of the State to be affixed, and have signed the 
same at the city of Richmond this 27th day of June. A. D., 1856, and 
of the Independence of the U. States the eightieth. 

Henry A. Wise. 

June 20, 

Thomas Crawford to William F. Ritchie. 

I write in haste to inform you, Sir, that the time has arrived requi*" 
ing the demand which I have often alluded to in my letters for a fir^* 
class ship of War to be immediately sent to Amsterdam for the purpos^ 
of taking on board the Equestrian Statue of Washington, and conveying? 
it to the United States. 

Of course, the request coming from the State of Virginia, will receive 
immediate attention from the General Government, and as this is nofc- 
the first instance of a similar request, I presume no delay will occur in 
acceding to the present one and promptly executing it. The Group and 
marble on the steps of the Capitol by the sculptor, Persico, was taken 
from Leghorn to Washington by a Government vessel. 

T'would be advisable to be ready about the 20th, or not later than 
the 30th of August, to take the Statue on board at Amsterdam. (See 

The entire case weighs not more than 30,000 pounds, and its size pre- 
vents it from being placed in the hold of any merchant ship, unless the 
deck be cut for the purpose. 

The floor of the box is not inconvenient for being placed on the 
deck ; the size being 22 feet long, 16 ft. wide, 8 ft. thick. 

The Statue will thus arrive in Richmond in one piece, with the ex- 
ception of the Horse's tail, which is avtanged to be inserted with as 
much facility as the arm of Henry was ; by detaching the tail alone the 
box becomes 6 feet less in width than it would be otherwise, and it has, 
therefore, been decided to send it in the form and size I have given you. 

The Bronze work has been executed in the most superb manner; 
equal in every respect to the statues of Henry and Jefferson, and as it 
can be done no where else out of Munich, I am perfectly satisfied with 
the casting and finishing, and I must always consider myself extremely 
fortunate in having the resources of such a Foundery at my command. 

The great object now is to get the Statue to Richmond, and I doubt 
not of our entire success in this respect if our Government promptly 
seconds us in the effort. A merchant vessel can be obtained by the 
Sweedish consul at Amsterdam, but the expense of cutting her Deck, 


&c, would be very great, to say nothing of the uncertainty of her safe 1856. 
arriving at Richmond. J ™£ »• 

I need not repeat here the various reasons I have given in previous 
letters regarding the propriety of sending such a statue home in charge 
of our naval officers. I shall only say the honor of our country de- 
mands it should be so. 

1 wrote from Rome stating I would sail on the 2nd of next month 
for New York, and that I would hasten to Richmond, as you de- 
sired, in order to close the contract with Gov'r Wise for the remaining 
Statuary. I have not changed my plans, and I shall sail, as I had in- 
formed you, on the 2nd of July in the Fulton from Havre. 

Time prevents me from saying more at present, unless it be to con- 
gratulate ourselves on the success of the Great Work thus far. We have 
now arrived at a moment of vast importance, and I hope that our usual 
energy will carry us through ; for once the Equestrian Statue is in Rich- 
mond, the monument is comparatively finished, and there is no in- 
stance on record of a horse so colossal having proceeded thus far within 
so short a period. 

Twould be well to inform Mr. Miller, if possible, whether he may ex- 
pect the ship at Amsterdam at the period I have mentioned. The 
month of September has been considered favorable for a safe psssage on 
the Atlantic, though I presume October would be equally so with a ves- 
sel of War, therefore if it be not possible to be at Amsterdam in August, 
I think we may rely upon having the ship there and ready to receive 
the Statue in September. Mr. Miller's address is, Ferdinand V. Miller, 
Munich, Bavaria. 

In my last letter, I suggested that the contract might be drawn up 
for the remaining Statuary and signed by his Excellency Gov'r Wise, as 
I shall not be able to reach Richmond before the end of July. The 
Governor may then be absent on account of the season, therefore it 
might not be convenient for him to return merely for the purpose of 
signing his name, and as my stay is very limited 'tis important I should 
not be delayed more than is absolutely necessary. 
Hoping soon to have the pleasure of seeing you, 

I am, cfec. 

P. S. I had just concluded this when Mr. Miller called upon me, and 
after reconsidering the method of forwarding the Statue, we have con- 
cluded to Box it immediately and retain it at the Foundry until you 
advise him regarding the exact time he may expect the ship at Amster- 
dam. I hope no delay can occur in this respect, for if the ship cannot 
be at Amsterdam early in Sept'r, the departure of the Statue must be 
deferred until next Spring ! Therefore, my dear Mr. Ritchie, you will 
see the importance of immediate action. His Excellency Gov'r Wise 


Jane 20, 


will no doubt bring to bear upon this subject his powerful will ; if so, 
all is safe. Tis important, as I said before, to advise Mr. Miller by the 
earliest op|K>rtunity, as he will require several weeks to convey the 
Statue to Amsterdam, and the work will be surely done if he order* 
there just in time to meet the ship, as he can then give his personal at- 
tention to getting it on board. 

July 9, 

Henry A. Wise, Governor of Virginia, to F. Pierce, Presi- 
dent of the United States. 

The enclosed is an extract from a letter from Thomas Crawford, the 
Statuary employed by the State of Virginia to execute an Equestrian 
Bronze statue of General George Washington for the Monument at Rich- 
mond. He informs the Commissioners of the work that it is ready for 
delivery at Amsterdam, to be transported to the U. States, and that a first 
class ship of war will be necessary for that purpose. I therefore, in be- 
half of this Commonwealth, respectfully request the Executive of the 
United States to order either a first class ship of war now in the 
European waters or a steamer of sufficient size to go to Amsterdam to 
bring this statue to the City of Norfolk. It is desirable that this be done 
by the 30th of August next. A description of the size, weight and di- 
mensions of the work and the box containing it is given. It is too large 
and heavy for a merchant ship without much cost, delay and risk. 
Happy in having no other uses for our public ships than those of peace, 
the State of Virginia may well ask that her duty of reverance and grati- 
tude to her greatest and best of sons, his country's Father, may be aided 
by the Navy of the U. States which she has ever delighted to support 
and maintain. 

I respectfully request a reference from your Excellency to the Secre- 
tary of the Navy with your approval and recommendation. 

With the highest respect, 

I have the honor to be, &c. 

Wm. F. Ritchie to Col. Geo. W. Munford. 

July 15, I have just time to ask you to inform Gov'r Wise that last night I had 
" 8 J} l 5f ton » a pleasant interview with Secretary Dobbin. He will write the Gov'r so 
soon as he shall have arrived at a conclusion, after a full investigation of 
the facts which he would have entered upon several days since but for 
severe indisposition. In the mean time, at his suggestion, I drop you a 
line to say that if it is possible to receive the Statue on board a Gov't 
vessel at any convenient port he will cheerfully give all his aid. He will 


within a month send the steamer "Merimac," (now at Boston) to 1856. 
Amsterdam or Bremen, or any other port where the Statue can be taken wJ?Jj n J5j n 
on board. It must however be on deck, for it will weaken a vessel too D. C. 
much to cut her deck to put the statue in the hold. I shall see Craw- 
ford in N. Y. and get him to advise with Mr. Dobbin and the commander 
of the Merimack. If you should hear anything interesting let me hear 
from you prior to August 1st 

I am, <fcc. 

Articles of agreement entered into this 9th day of August, 1856, be- 
tween Thomas Crawford of the City of New York of the one part, and 
Henry A. Wise, Governor of the Commonwealth of Virginia, for and on 
behalf of the said Commonwealth in pursuance of an act of Assembly 
of the other part, whnesseth : 

The said Thomas Crawford covenants and agrees on his part, in ac- 
cordance with a design and description furnished by him for the Virginia 
Washington Monument, and now in the possession of the said Henry A. 
Wise, Governor as aforesaid, to model and complete in bronze of a rich 
and beautiful colour, and of the best quality, the following Statuary to 
constitute a part of the said monument now being erected on the Capitol 
Square in the city of Richmond, to-wit: 

Four full length pedestrian Statues representing General Andrew Lewis, 
George Mason, Thomas Nelson and John Marshall ; the portraiture of 
each to be taken from the best likenesses to be obtained, and the costumes 
to be the dress most commonly worn by each in the performance of his 
public duties. Each statue to be twelve English feet in height. 

And the said Thomas Crawford further covenants and agrees to com- 
plete the said statuary in the best manner according to his said design 
on or before the first day of January, 1860; and he further covenants 
and agrees to cause the same as soon as completed to be properly cased 
and boxed at his expense, and to be p faced in good condition on board 
some safe and suitable vessel bound for the City of Richmond, Virginia 
(via New York if absolutely necessary) and to contract with the master 
of said vessel to deliver the same in like condition to the Governor of 
the State of Virginia, or to his duly authorized agent for such usual 
freight as may be agreed upon between said Crawford and said Master. 
And said Crawford further covenants and agrees to cause the said statu- 
ary to be pro|>erly insured for the Commonwealth of Virginia against all 
damage and loss from the time of completion until delivered to the 
Governor aforesaid, or his authorized agent in the city of Richmond. 
All damage and loss prior to the time of completion to be borne by the 
said Crawford. In consideration of all of which covenants and agree- 
ments on the part of the said Thomas Crawford, the said Henry A. Wise, 


1856. Governor as aforesaid, for and on behalf of the said Commonwealth of 
W J "h^ fff* Virginia, covenants and agrees that the said Commonwealth will cause to 
D. C. be paid to the said Crawford or his authorized agent at the Treasury of 
the said Commonwealth in lawful money of Virginia, the following sums 
to-wit: for each of the said pedestrian statues the sura of nine thousand 
dollars. But it is understood and agreed that the sums aforesaid shall 
be paid to the said Crawford or his authorized agent at the times and in 
the manner following : 

When the resident minister, charge d'affairs. or Consul duly appointed 
by the United States Government for the city or Capital in which the 
said statuary shall be modelled, shall certify that either of the statues 
is in all respects ready to leave the studio of the said Crawford for the 
purpose of being cast in bronze, then upon the presentation of said cer- 
tificate, properly authenticated, the said Crawford shall be entitled to < 
the sum of four thousand five hundred dollars. 

When the accredited agent of the United States Government as afore- 
said shall give a certificate stating that either of the said statues has 
been successfully cast in bronze, there shall be paid to the said Craw- 
ford, or his agent, two thousand two hundred and fifty dollars, each of 
the said sums to be paid upon the presentation of said certificate. 

When each of the said statues is received in the city of Richmond* 
completed as specified herein, the said Crawford shall be paid the sum 
of two thousand two hundred and fifty dollars. All which payment 
are in full of the amounts specified to be paid for the whole work herein 

And the said Henry A. Wise, Governor as aforesaid, further covenant* 5 
and agrees that the said Commonwealth of Virginia will cause to \j& 
paid to the said Thomas Crawford the sum that may be paid, or con" 
tracted to be paid, by him on account of the insurance of said statue^ 
from the time of their completion as aforesaid until received by the saiol 
Commonwealth in the city of Richmond, and also the sum that ma} r be 
paid, or contracted to be paid, by him for freight on the same from the 
port at which they were shipped to the said city of Richmond, the 
amount in either case being not more than the customary insurance or 
freight upon such articles. 

And it is further understood and agreed between the parties herein 
that if any one or more of the models specified herein shall be finished 
in the studio of the said Crawford, but not cast in bronze, and the said 
Crawford shall then die or from any cause become unable to complete 
the same, the right of property in the said models shall immediately 
vest in the Commonwealth of Virginia, and the Governor thereof shall 
have authority to appoint an agent, and full power and authority is 
hereby given said agent by said Crawford to take possession of the said 
model or models for the said Commonwealth, to make such use thereof 




her constituted authorities may deem proper ; and if in like manner 1856. 
*ny one or more of said statues shall have been cast in bronze, but not w^bm* ton 
delivered in the city of Richmond, and the said Crawford shall die or 1). C. 
f>e unable to deliver the same according to the stipulations herein set 
forth, then in like manner the right of property in the same shall vest 
in the Commonwealth, and like proceedings may be had and like au- 
thority is hereby conferred to take possession of the same for the use of 
the Virginia Washington Monument. And if the sum stipulated to be 
paid in either case has not been paid by the said Commonwealth, then 
upon taking possession thereof the amount stipulated to be paid for the 
said work as far as executed shall be paid to the Executor or adminis- 
trator of said Crawford legally authorized to receive the same. 

But if the said work should be executed and delivered according to 
agreement, then the said models to be retained by the said Crawford for 

his own use and behoof. 


In testimony whereof the said Thomas Crawford hath subscribed 
hereto his name and affixed his seal, and the said Henry A. Wise, Gov- 
ernor of the Commonwealth of Virginia, hatli subscribed his name and 
caused the less seal of the Commonwealth to be affixed hereto the day 
and year first above written. 

Thomas Crawford. [Seal.] 
[Seal.] Henry A. Wise. 

J- 0. Pender<jrast, Captain United States Ship Merimac, to 

the Governor. 

I have received your note of the 8th inst. in relation to the Bronze August 11, 
Statue of Washington, and can assure you of my willingness to aid in jZJ^ 
a ny work connected with the name of the " Father of our Country." I, 
however, have doubts as to a ship of war being the best and safest 
means of transporting so large and weighty an object as Mr. Crawford's 
Statue on the spar deck of a ship. The size of the Statue precludes the 
possibility of getting it below unless it be so separated as to conform to 
the size of our hatch-ways and the height of our decks. This I hardly 
think can be done. 

I have been called on by the Naval Department for my opinion in re- 
gard to this matter, and have stated the objections which I think stand 
in the way. 

I have suggested that a U. S. store ship or merchant vessel would 

answer far better than a ship of war, as there would be no difficulty in 

cutting a hatch-way so as to admit of the statue being stowed in the 

bottom of the vessel. 

I find also that we cannot get this ship nearer than forty miles of 


1856. Amsterdam, and that it is questionable whether a ship of her draft can 

Nav^YanJ even ^ e * * nto tne ^ exe ^ or *° N* enwe Diep. I have felt it to be my duty 
Bonton to state these objections and difficulties to the Department, but at the 
same time to express my readiness cheerfully and zealously to perform 
any service which may be assigned the ship I command. 

I am, &c. 

Henry A. Wise, Governor of Virginia, to the Governors of 

the Southern States. 

Sept. 15, Events are approaching which address themselves to your responai- 
Kichmond ^mties and to mine as chief Executives of slave-holding states. Con- 
tingencies may soon happen which would require preparation for the 
worst of evils to the people we govern. Ought we not to admonish our- 
selves by joint counsel of the extraordinary duties which may devolve 
upon us from the dangers which so palpably threaten our common 
peace and safety ? When, how, to what extent we may act, separately 
or unitedly, to ward off dangers if we can, to meet them most effectually 
if we must? 

I propose that as early as convenient the Gov'rs of Maryland, Vir- 
ginia, N. Carolina, S. Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Louisiana, 
Texas, Arkansas, Miss'i, and Tennessee shall assemble at Raleigh, N. C, 
for the purpose generally of consultation upon the state of the country, 
upon the best means of preserving its peace, and especially of pro- 
tecting the honor and interests of the slave-holding states. This should 
be done as early as possible before the Presidential election, and I 
would suggest Monday, the 13th day of October next. Will you please 
give me an early answer and oblige, 

Yours, &c. 

[I have named the States only having Dem. Executives for obvious 

Jefferson Davis, Secretary War, to the Governor. 

October 6, By a note from our friend Senator Mason, I have learned your wishes 

Wa8 ] !?*"£ ton » in relation to the flint lock muskets now in possession of Virginia. And 

that you may have early and full information I write to you directly. 

Of the correspondence of your Adjutant General with the Ordnance 

Bureau I suppose you are already informed. 

The existing law does not authorize or warrant upon any terms an 
exchange of the arms of the General Government for those which have 


been issued to the States. The only function of the Executive Officers 1856. 
of the United States in relation to arming the Militia of the States is the w^hi^ 6, 
distribution among the States and territories of the arms for which an D. C. 
annual appropriation is made. In discharging this function it has been 
deemed competent to issue to the States the kind of arms which their 
Governors should designate, as muskets, rifles, pistols, sabres, or field 
pieces, and to measure the issue thus made by the number of muskets 
to which it was equal. In like manner arms might be altered at the U. 
S. arsenals, or parts supplied for alteration in the State Arsenals to an 
extent not exceeding the value of the State's quota of arms which might 
at the time be due. This is the only way in which, under existing law 
and regulation, the War Department could aid in the alteration of State 
Arras. And it is so very slow a process that the attention of Congress 
was called to the subject at the last session for the purpose of obtaining 
authority and means to effect the work more rapidly. Had these been 
granted it was designed in the shortest practicable time to convert all the 
serviceable flint lock muskets and rifles of the States and also of the Gen- 
eral Government into rifle arms with percussion and self priming locks. 

I deemed the measure important, and regret that the appropriation 
was not made. 

Should you wish to have your arms altered in the State Arsenal, and 
to draw from the Government the necessary parts for that purpose, they 
will be furnished to the extent already indicated ; or should you choose 
to manufacture the parts, samples can be furnished of flint lock muskets 
altered to long range rifled arms with percussion self priming locks, 
according to the plan it was intended to follow in altering the state arms 
had the means been provided. 

The cost of altering the flint lock arms so as to merely adapt it to 
the use of the percussion cap is estimated at about 90 cents apiece. The 
cost of altering the same arm to the percussion self priming lock with 
new breech piece about $3 47 each. The additional cost in either case 
converting the musket into what is commonly called the " Minnie" rifle, 
by grooving and sighting for long ranges about $2 05. 

You will thus perceive that each musket to which a state is entitled if 
commuted, will be equivalent to the cost of altering from flint lock to 
percussion merely 14.4 flint muskets. Of altering to the percussion cap 
lock and rifling, and sighting for long ranges 4.4 flint muskets. Of alter- 
ing to the percussion self priming lock 3.75 flint muskets. Of altering to 
the percussion self priming lock and rifling and sighting also 2.35 flint 

It will give me much pleasure to aid or facilitate your wish in this 
matter in any manner and to any degree consistent with my official 

I am, <fcc. 



1856. I have the honor to submit the enclosed certificate from Col. F.Smith. 

Richmond Should it prove satisfactory and enable rae to draw the balance due 

upon the Statue of Gen'l Washington, erected by me at the V. M. I. at 

Lexington, I will wait upon you at any hour you may do me the honour 

to appoint. 

I am, <fcc. 

I am requested by Mr. W. I. Hubard to certify to the faithful render- 
ing in bronze M. Houdon's marble statue of Washington which stands in 
the Capitol in Richmond. I do hereby acknowledge that the said W. I. 
Hubard has, according to my judgment and belief, produced a correct 
copy in pure bronze of the original statue and erected the same at the 
V. M. Institute, Lexington ; also that the said W. I. Hubard has placed 
upon the pedestal a correct copy of the inscription on the original, and 
that it is cut in like bronze of which the Statue is composed. 

I am, &c, 

Francis H. Smith. 

[Reports of contemplated insurrection of the slaves, to take place 
about the 25th of December, and applications for arms, came to the 
Governor from the following places — viz. : Fauquier, King and Queen, 
Lynchburg, Culpeper, Rappahannock, Petersburg, Gordonsville — all of 
which places were supplied as requested. — Ed.] 

C. L. Goodwin and I. B. Ezill to the Governor. 

1857. We forwarded you by Adams & Co.'s Express of to-day the largest 

Columbia Eagle ever produced in the Palmetto State, which we as natives of the 

S. C. Old Dominion deem an appropriate ornament for the Capitol Square, in 

your city, and as such tender it to the State through your respected self. 

We are, &c. 

Mont'y E. Meigs to the Secretary of State of Virginia. 

March 19, Designing to place in the ceiling of the new Representative Hall, in 

Washington the ex tention of the Capitol of the United States, the arms of the several 

States emblazoned on glass, I find difficulty in obtaining reliable copies. 

If you can send to this office a true copy of the arms or an impression 

of the great Seal of your State, it will enable me to have them correctly 


I am, &c. 


Thomas Crawford to Wm. F. Ritchie. 

I meant to have written to you some time since, but deferred doing so 1857. 
until I should have something definite to communicate on the subject of M*jrch 19 » 
forwarding the Equestrian Statue. It is within a few days only that 
Mr. Miller, the Director of the Foundry, and I have come fully to an 
understanding regarding it — that the U. S. government will not send a 
vessel of war for it, and that some one must be found to forward it. 
Before leaving Munich, Mr. Miller had very nearly concluded a contract 
with a house in Amsterdam for the sum of $7,000 for forwarding it, but 
before closing with the offer thought best to consult me personally, and 
came to Paris expressly for this purpose. On his way hither, stopping 
at Frankfort, he was induced by his correspondent there to delay all 
acceptance thereof until said correspondent could communicate with 
his own house in Amsterdam and ascertain if the transportation could 
l>e more advantageously effected. Mr. Miller waited some days here in 
expectation of an answer, but receiving none, left here determined, with 
my full approval, to conclude his contract immediately with the first of 
these two houses whose offer I have mentioned. This agent, or rather 
firm, having already undertaken and safely carried through the trans- 
portation of Vokebbug's Gustavus Adolphus (an Equestrian Statue) 
from Amsterdam to Stockholm, had in his estimation greater promise 
of success in sending so large a work to so great a distance. The Eques- 
trian has been boxed up and on the cars ready to leave Munich at any 
time for some months past. When Mr. Miller returned to that city his 
intention was to go with the Statue directly to Frankfort, where he had 
made arrangements for putting the parts together (except the tail, which 
must be fastened on in Richmond), and thence by liner to send it to 
Amsterdam. This sum of $7,000 includes the insurance of the group, 
hoisting from the boat, cutting away the deck of the vessel destined to 
carry it to the U. S., lowering the box into the hold, recovering the deck, 
and the transporting to Richmond or Norfolk. It does not include the 
raising the case out of the hold. The deck will be opened up bj' the 
('apt., but after this everything is to be arranged for removing the Statue 
at the expense of the State. 

Mr. Miller suggested that several windlasses would be necessary for 
lifting the box from the vessel — some three or four, I think. All prepa- 
rations should be made in season, as the delay would be most costly, the 
agents being willing to allow but two or three days after reachin' Port. 
It is very necessary to know to* which Port the vessel should sail ; this 
must be clearly indicated before leaving Amsterdam. You must decide 
between Richmond and Norfolk. 

I shall be greatly obliged if you will thank Gov'r Wise for his kind- 


1857. ness relative to the money affairs. I have arranged with Mr. 

^*Va*' ^ ^ i0n( ^ on » * or tne payment when 'tis due. 

I am, «fcc. 

[Note. — The above letter was written by Mrs. Crawford by his req 
he being in too feeble health to attend to business. — Ed.] 

Lewis W. Washington to the Governor. 

April 14, Allow me to return you my thanks for a copy of the very interesting 
Jefferson letter from General Washington to Col. Cropper, which you were so 
kind as to have sent me. And, at the same time, I will take occasion 
to acknowledge your kind courtesy in placing me on your staff, when, 
should circumstances require it, I will endeavor to prove worthy of the 
trust. It affords me pleasure to have it in my power to furnish you the 
enclosed lithographed letter from Gen'l Washington to Jas. Madison. 
You will also find the endorsement on the back bv Mr. Madison weB 

Apart from the letter containing matter of peculiar interest, it is a rat* 
specimen of the perfection of lithographic art. 

A short time since I received an interesting letter from Mr. Custi--** 
and as it contained a paragraph so complimentary to the noble bearing 
of Colonel Cropper, I had it published, as it always affords me pleasur^ 
when in my power to keep alive the remembrances of gallant deeds ar^ 
performed by brave and good men. I have to-day mailed a newspaper^ 
containing said letter, which I hope you will receive. 

Hoping that you are in the enjoyment of good health, 

I have the honor, &c. 

Mount Vkrnon, May 20th, 1792. 
My Dear Sir : 

As there is a possibility, if not a probability, that I shall not see 
you on your return home; or, if I should see you, that it may be on the 
road, and under circumstances which will prevent my speaking to you 
on the subject we last conversed upon, 1 take the liberty of commit- 
ting to paper the following thoughts and requests : 

I have not been unmindful of the sentiments expressed by you in 
the conversation just alluded to. On the contrary, I have again and 
again revolved them with thoughtful anxiety; but without being able 
to dispose my mind to a longer continuation in the office I have the 
honor to hold. 

I, therefore, still look forward to the fulfilment of my fondest and 
most ardent wishes to spend the remainder of my days (which I can 
not expect will be many) in ease and tranquility. 


Nothing short of conviction that my derelection of the chair of Gov- 1857. 
eminent (if it should be the desire of the people to continue me in it) j^E" * 4 ' 
would involve the country in serious disputes respecting the chief mag- County 
istrate and the disagreeable consequences which might result therefrom 
in the floating and divided opinions which seem to prevail at present, 
could in any wise induce me to relinquish the determination I have 
formed ; and of this I do not see how any evidence can be obtained pre- 
vious to the election. My vanity, I am sure, is not of that cast as to 
allow me to view the subject in this light. 

Under these impressions then permit me to reiterate the request I 
made to you at our last meeting, namely, to think of the proper time 
and the best mode of announcing the intention, and that you would 
prepare the letter. In revolving this subject myself my judgment has 
always been embarrassed. On the one hand, a previous declaration to 
retire not only carries with it the appearance of vanity and self-import- 
ance, but it may be construed into a manoeuvre to be invited to remain. 

And, on the other hand, to say nothing, implies consent, or at any rate 


would leave the matter in doubt, and to decline afterwards might be 
deemed as bad and uncandid. 
I would fain carry my request to you farther than is asked above, al- 
! though I am sensible that your compliance with it must add to your 
trouble; but as the recess may afford you leisure, and 1 Hatter myself 
you have a disposition to oblige me, I will without apology desire (if 
the measure in itself should strike you as proper and likely to produce 
public good or private honor) that you would turn your thoughts to a 
valadictory address from me to the public, expressing in plain and 
roodeat terms that, having been honored with the Presidential chair, and 
to the best of my abilities contributed to the organization and adminis- 
tration of the Government — that having arrived at a period of life when 
the private walks of it in the shade of retirement becomes necessary 
and will be most pleasing to me, and the spirit of the government may 
render a rotation in the Elective offices of it more congenial with their 
ideas of liberty and safety, that I take my leave of them as a public 
,n an, and in bidding them adieu (retaining no other concern than such 
a* will arise from fervent wishes for the prosperity of my country) I 
take the liberty at my departure from civil, as I formerly did at my 
military exit, to invoke a continuation of the blessing of Providence 
upon it and upon all those who are the supporters of its interests and 
the promoters of harmony, order, and good government. 

That to impress these things it might among other things be observed 
that we are all the children of the same country — a country great and 
rich in itself, capable and promising to be as prosperous and as happy 
as any the annals of history have ever brought to our view. That our 
interest, however diversified in local and smaller matters, is the same in 


1857. all the great essential concerns of the nation. That the extent of oar 
April 14, coun try, the diversity of our climate and soil, and the various produc- 
County tions of the States consequent of both, are such as to make one part not 
only convenient, but perhaps indispensably necessary to the other part, 
and may render the whole (at no distant period) one of the most inde- 
pendent in the world. That the established government being the work 
of our own hands, with the seeds of amendment engrafted in the Con- 
stitution, may by wisdom, good dispositions, and mutual allowances, 
aided by experience, bring it as near to perfection as any human institu- 
tion ever approximated, and therefore the only strife among us ought to 
be who shall be foremost in facilitating and finally accomplishing such 
great and desirable objects by giving every possible support and cement 
to the Union. 

That however necessary it may be to keep a watchful eye over the 
public servants and public measures, yet there ought to be limits to it* 
for suspicions unfounded and jealousies too lively are irritating to honest 
feelings and oftentimes are productive of more evil than good. 

To enumerate the various subjects which might be introduced int° 
such an address would require thought, and to mention them to yo& 
would be unnecessary, as your own judgment will comprehend all th^ 
will be proper, whether to touch specifically any of the exceptionable 
parts of the Constitution may be doubted. All I shall add therefore a^ 
present is to beg the favor of you to consider, 1st the propriety of suer"^ 
an address; 2nd if approved, the several matters which ought to becon^ 
tained in it, and 3rd the time it should appear; that is whether at the* 
declaration of my intention to withdraw from the service of the public, 
or to let it be the closing act of my administration which will end with 
the next session of Congress (the probability being that that body will 
continue sitting until March) when the House of Representatives will 
also dissolve. 

Though I do not wish to hurry you (the cases not pressing), in the 
execution of either of the publications before mentioned, yet I should 
be glad to hear from you generally on both, and to receive them in time, 
if you should not come to Philadelphia until the Session commences in 
the form they are finally to take. I beg leave to draw your attention 
also to such things as you shall conceive fit subjects for communication 
on that occasion, and noting them as they occur, that you would be so 
good as to furnish me with them in time to be prepared and engrafted 
with others for the opening of the session. 

With very sincere and affectionate regard, 

I am ever yours, 

Go. Washington. 
James Madison, Ju'r, Esq. 


R. W. Flournoy to Col. G. W. Munford. 

The ground along Governor Street from the termination of the Iron 1857. 
fence downward 76£ feet by 60 feet back belongs to two young men, r^*?" 1 16, i 
heirs of G. V. Clark of Chesterfield Co. The General Assembly at two 
different times passed acts for the purchase of this property for the State, 
see Acta 1847- , 48, p. 15, and 1850- , 51, p. 13; but no purchase has ever 
been made. The heirs were then under age, and as their guardian I pre- 
ferred the property to remain as it was until they were competent to dis- 
pose of it themselves. They are now of age and are willing to sell, and 
have consulted with me and Messrs. Goddin & Apperson on the subject, 
but not at the price limited in the act of 1848. 

The Governor is probably not aware that this is private property. 
Passing along that street this afternoon, I saw some men at work as I 
thought on that part of the ground. 

Some years ago, in Gov'r Floyd's time, possession was taken of it under 
mistake, and the stone wall constructed along the street, and other work 
done before I knew of it; but the Gov'r on hearing how the matter stood, 
immediately arrested the work, and afterwards the second act was passed 
with a view to its acquisition, but nothing was ever done under it. 

Will you do me the favor to mention these facts to Gov'r Wise, and I 
will call at your office in a few days, or shall be pleased to hear from you. 

I am, &c. 

W. W. Drummond to the Governor. 

Mr. Cornelius Kanouse, a personal and political friend of mine has in July 24 
his possession a half Bushel measure made of copper, with this inscrip- 
tion upon it — "Isle of Wight County,, Virginia, 1771," which he brought 
with other relics from Jersey City, and as I am a Virginian it at once 
suggested itself to me as also to my friend that this ancient piece of 
work should be deposited in the Archives of the Old Dominion, which 
Mr. Kanouse proposes to do through you as Gov'r of Va. 

Should you feel disposed to accept this ancient relic in behalf of your 
State from an adopted Illinoisian, please drop a line to Mr. C. Kanouse, 
care of Daniel Elston & Co., Bankers. 

The measure is undoubtedly an ancient standard measure of that 
County, and I think it should belong to Va., and as Mr. K. is a chivalrous 
gentleman, he is decidedly of the same opinion and through you desires 
to present the same to the Old Dominion. 

I am, <fec. 

[Note. — The above mentioned relic was accepted by the Gov'r with 
thanks, and deposited in the State Library where it can now be seen. — Ed.] 


J. Watkins Lnjon, Governor of Maryland, to the Governor. 

1857. £ seize the earliest moment allowed me to thank vou most cordially 

Nov. 2 
Baltimore *° r tne no *>l e an( J prompt response which you were kind enough to give 

to my application for a loan of arms to enable me to enforce the execu- 
tion of the laws of this state. 

Before this reaches you, you will have seen that such arrangements 
have been now made by the city authorities of Baltimore, with the en- 
tire concurrence of myself and of those with whom I have consulted on 
this occasion, as will, in our judgment, effectually secure the purposes 
intended by military preparations. 

Since the adoption of these measures, public excitement has, in a 
great degree, subsided, and we now hope and believe that the preserva- 
tion of order on the day of the approaching election and the protection 
of all classes of citizens in the exercise of their elective rights, may be 
accomplished without the intervention of military force. 

A portion of the arms forwarded through the agency of Dr. Wharton 
ha«ve been received, and placed for safe-keeping in one of the public 
buildings belonging to the State. 

The greater part, however, have been stopped in Washington. 1 
have this morning received a Tel. Dispatch from Major Magruder in re- 
ply to one from me, informing me that the Boxes will be taken off by 
them, properly stored to await further orders from me. 

As soon as it will be proper for me to do so, I will have these arms re* 
turned to you in proper condition. 

I beg you to believe, Sir, that I fully appreciate the very great kind- 
ness and support which I have received from the Executive of my native 
State on this occasion. It will ever be gratefully remembered, and I 
hope at no distant day to make my acknowledgments to you in person. 

I am, <fec, 

Dec. 18 Articles of agreement entered into this eighteenth day of December, 

1857, between Randolph Rogers, of the city of New York, of the one 
part, and Henry A. Wise, Governor of the Commonwealth of Virginia, 
for and on behalf of the said Commonwealth in pursuance of an act of 
Assembly, of the other part, witnesseth : 

The said Randolph Rogers covenants and agrees on his part in 
accordance with the minute description furnished him by the commis- 
sioners of the Washington monument, and also in accordance with a 
part of the original design for said monument, both of which are now 
in the possession of the said Henry A. Wise, Governor as aforesaid, to 
model and complete in bronze of a rich and beautiful color, and of the 


best qualitj', equal at least to those furnished by Thomas Crawford, the 1857. 
following statuary, trophies, and bas reliefs to constitute a part of said Dl ' c * 18 
monument now being erected on the Capitol Square, in the city of Rich- 
mond, to-wit : 
Two full length pedestrian statues representing General Andrew 
**\ Lewis and Thomas Nelson, the portraiture of each to be taken from the 
tot likenesses to be obtained, and the costumes to be the dress most 
commonly worn by each in the performance of his public duties. Each 
Statue to be twelve English feet in height. 

Six bronze trophies and bas Reliefs for the six lower pedestals of the 
monument, the same to be in proportion to the statues upon the circular 
pedestals above. Each trophy and bas relief to represent emblemati- 
cally or allegorically the ideas of the epoch in which the person lived, 
represented by the statue under which it is placed, and the prominent 
characteristic of his life. The model design or representation thereof to 
121 be submitted to the Governor and the commissioners of said monument, 
uul approved by them before the same is cast in bronze. 

And the said Randolph Rogers further covenants and agrees to com- 
plete the said Statuary in the best manner according to the said designs 
wd description and approval on or before the first day of January, 
1862; and he further agrees to cause the same, or any portion thereof, 
u soon as completed, to be properly cased and boxed and delivered safe 
and in good condition to the Governor of the Commonwealth of Virginia, 
by the side of the monument on the Capitol Square, in the city of Rich- 
mond, in such position as the Governor may direct. And the said Rogers 
farther covenants and agrees to cause the said Statuary to be properly 
insured for their full value for the Commonwealth of Virginia against 
*11 damage and loss from the time of completion until delivered as 
aforesaid. All damage and loss prior to completion and delivery to be 
borne by the said Rogers. 

In consideration of which covenants and agreements on the part of 
the said Randolph Rogers, the said Henry A. Wise, Governor as afore- 
said, for and on behalf of the Commonwealth of Virginia, covenants 
&nd agrees that the said Commonwealth will cause to be paid to the said 
Rogers, or his authorized agent, at the Treasury of the said Common- 
wealth, in current funds of the State of Virginia, the following sums — 
to-wit : For each of the said pedestrian Statues the sum of nine thou- 
sand dollars, and for each of the said bronze trophies and bas reliefs 
the sum of five thousand dollars, and for freight and insurance and ex- 
penses of boxing the said works and placing them by the side of the 
monument as herein provided, and all other expenses that may be 
incurred by him on account thereof, the sum of three thousand five 
hundred dollars — the several sums to be paid to the said Rogers, or his 




1857. authorized agent or legal representatives, at the times and in the man- 
Dec. 18 ner f ii ow i n g : 

When either of the said statues shall be completed and delivered to 
and received by the said Governor, as in conformity to this contract, the 
sum stipulated to be paid therefor shall be paid ; and in like manner 
when any one of said trophies and bas reliefs shall be completed, de- 
livered, and received the sum stipulated to be paid for each shall be 
paid : provided that not more than one-half the entire sum agreed to be 
paid shall be paid in any one year. And when the entire works herein 
agreed to be executed shall have been delivered and received as afore- 
said, then the said sum of three thousand five hundred dollars shall be 

And it is further understood and agreed between the parties herein 
that if any one or more of the models of statues or trophies and bas 
reliefs specified herein shall be finished in the studio of the said Rogers, 
but not cast in bronze, and the said Rogers shall then die or from any 
cause become unable to complete the same, the right of property in the 
said models shall immediately vest in the Commonwealth of Virginia, 
and the Governor thereof shall have authority to appoint an agent, and 
full power and authority is hereby given such agent by said Rogers to 
take possession of the said model or models for the said Commonwealth, 
to make such use thereof as her constituted authorities may deem pro- 
per, and upon taking possession thereof a rateable proportion of the sum 
stipulated to be paid for the same when completed shall be paid by the 
said Governor on behalf of said Commonwealth, the proportion to be 
ascertained by referees mutually appointed by the said Governor and by 
the personal representative of said Rogers. 

But if the said work should be executed and delivered according to 
agreement, then the said models to be retained by the said Rogers for 
his own use and behoof. 

And whereas by a contract entered into between Thomas Crawford, of 
the one part, and Henry A. Wise, Governor of the Commonwealth of 
Virginia, of the other part, dated on the ninth day of August, 1856, it 
was- covenanted and agreed between the parties that the said Crawford 
should model and complete in bronze four full length pedestrian statues, 
representing General Andrew Lewis, George Mason, Thomas Nelson, and 
John Marshall, for the sum of nine thousand dollars each ; and it was 
further stipulated that if any one or more of the models specified therein 
should be finished in the studio of the said Crawford, but not cast in 
bronze, and the said Crawford should then die or from any cause be- 
come unable to complete the same, the right of property in the said 
models should immediately vest in the Commonwealth of Virginia, and 
the Governor thereof shall have authority to appoint an agent, and that 


full power and authority was thereby given said agent by said Crawford 1857. 
to take possession of the said model or models for the said Common- I)ec - * 8 
wealth, to make such use thereof as her constituted authorities might 
deem proper. And in like manner if any one or more of said statues 
shall have been cast in bronze, but not delivered in the city of Rich- 
mond, and the said Crawford should die or be unable to deliver the 
same according to said contract, then in like manner the right of pro- 
perty in the same should vest in the Commonwealth, and like proceed- 
ings might be had and like authority was thereby conferred to take pos- 
session of the same for the use of the Washington monument; and it 
having been announced that the said Crawford has died and neither of 
said statues having been delivered in the City of Richmond as afore- 
said, and unofficial information having been received that the statues of 
Mason and Marshall have been finished in the studio of the said Craw- 
ford, but not cast in bronze ; now, therefore, in pursuance of the terms 
of the said contract with, the said Crawford, the said Governor doth 
hereby appoint and constitute the said Randolph Rogers the agent of 
the Commonwealth of Virginia to take possession of the model or 
models of the said statues of Mason and Marshall for the use of the 
Commonwealth of Virginia. 

And it is further understood and agreed between the said Governor 
and the said Rogers, that the said Rogers shall cause the model or models 
of the said statues of Mason and Marshall to be cast in bronze in a man- 
ner in all respects equal to the other statues first as aforesaid contracted 
for, and to cause the same as so^n as completed, at his expense to be 
properly cased, boxed and delivered in good condition to the Governor 
of the Commonwealth of Virginia, by the side of the Monument on the 
Capitol square in the city of Richmond in such position as the Governor 
may direct, and also to cause the said statues to be properly insured for 
their full value for the said Commonwealth in the manner the other 
statues hereinbefore contracted for are required to be insured and upon 
the same liability. And in consideration thereof the said Governor for 
and on behalf of the Commonwealth of Virginia covenants and agrees 
that the said Commonwealth will when the same are delivered and 
accepted by the said Governor as aforesaid, cause to be paid to the said 
Rogers in lawful currency of Virginia at the Treasury of the State, the 
sum of four thousand five hundred dollars for each of said Statues. 
And it is further understood and agreed that if the said two statues of 
Mason and Marshall are executed, delivered and accepted according to 
the agreement, then the said models are to be retained by the said Rogers 
for his own use and behoof. 

In testimony whereof the said Randolph Rogers hath subscribed his 
name and annexed hereto his seal, and the said Henry A. Wise, Governor 



Dec. 18 

of the Commonwealth of Virginia, hath subscribed his name and caused 
the less seal of the Commonwealth to be affixed on the day and year 
first above written. 



By the Governer: 

[Signed] George W. Munford, 

Sec'y of the Com'th. 

Randolph Rogers. [Seal.] 
Henry A. Wise. 

Dec. 18, A message in answer to a resolution requesting the Governor to com- 
Chamber 6 mun ^ cate *° trie Senate the reasons that induced him to loan and send 
Richmond beyond the limits of the State the arms of the Commonwealth, is on file. 


1858. Altho' my object in now addressing you would doubtless be consid- 

New York erec * an am P^ e apology for so doing, I beg leave to remind you that I 
had the pleasure of forming your acquaintance when you was minister 
at the court of Brazil, thro' an introductory letter from my late vener- 
able uncle, the Rt. Rev'd Rich'd C. Moore, Bishop of Virginia, 

I gladly avail myself of the opportunity granted by the approaching 
Inauguration of the Equestrian Statue of Washington at Richmond, to 
present to the State of Virginia, through you, Photograph copies taken 
last year from the original minitures of that great man and his lady, 
painted from the life in Philadelphia, by Archibald Robertson, in Dec'r, 
1791, and Jan'y, 1792, now in possession of the Artist's grand Daugh- 
ters residing in this city (placing beyond question their genuineness), 
who were so kind, after much earnest entreaty, to permit me to have a 
few Photograph copies taken from them. 

Mr. Robertson came to this country from Scotland in the year 1791, 
with a commission from the Earl of Buchan to paint for his gallery of 
distinguished men, a Portrait of the Hero of our Revolution. 

I have seen a manuscript left by Mr. Robertson in his own hand- 
writing on the subject of these very precious minitures, in which he 
says: "The first sittings for the original Minitures of Gen '1 and Mrs. 
Washington were in Pliil'a towards the end of December, 1791, and fin- 
ished in Jan'y, 1792. In the succeeding month of April the Portrait 
(in oil) of Washington for Lord Buchan was dispatched by Col. Lear, 
then on a mission to PZurope. His Lordship afterwards expressed Ins 


high satisfaction and gratification in a letter of thanks to the Artist. 1858. 
The original minitures he retains in his own possession, and intends jF e ^y 7 \ 
theci to remain in his family as an Heir-loom and memorial of his ven- 
eration for the great and successful champion of American liberty." 

In an article in the Atlantic Magazine, New York, Oct., 1824, dated 
u American Academy of fine Arts " (then presided over by Col. Trum- 
bull), on the subject of the many different likenesses existing of Wash- 
ington, it is remarked : " If we wish to behold Washington when he 
began to wane in his latter years, when he had lost his teeth, but with 
full vivacity and vigour of eye, looking at the spectator, we must behold 
Robertson's likeness of him." 

I beg leave to request that the Photographs may be hung in the Capi- 
tol, provided it meets your approbation ; perhaps you may think that 
some other locality may be more appropriate. 

I am, &c. 

Geo. W. Munford, Secretary Commonwealth, to T. W. C. Moore. 

Your letter to the Governor of the 17th instant has been received, Feb. 19, 
ami the Photograph copies of the original minitures of Washington and Richmond 
his lady, painted by Arch'd Robertson in Dec'r, 1791, and Jan'y, 1792, 
have been delivered by the Express company. The Governor requests 
me to say that he appreciates highly the frelings which induced you to 
present them to the State. They are peculiarly appropriate at the pres- 
ent time, and will be objects of admiration. He returns you sincere 
thanks. They will be deposited in the public library, subject to the in- 
spection of all. 

I am, &c. 

Randolph Rogers to the Governor. 

I herewith enclose for your inspection two photographs taken from March 13, 
my sketch for the statue of Xehon. 1 have represented him in a Rome 
thoughtful and meditative attitude with a sword in his right hand, the 
butt resting on a scroll, which he holds in his left, upon which is in- 
scribed the word Finance. By these accessories I have endeavored to 
show that he was both soldier and statesman. I did not think it best to 
overload the Statue with unnecessary accessories in order to explain the 
history of the man, as the whole story will be told by the symbols and 
allegorical figures which are to be placed on the outer pedestals. 

I have endeavored to keep the Nelson as quiet and simple as possible 


1858. as a contract to the Lewis, which, according to his character, must be 

M l£me 13 ' ful1 of s ^ irit and action - 

I beg you will regard these photographs as sketches, which only serve 

to give an idea of the attitude of the statue which I intend to execute, 
without any attempt at a likeness of the person for whom it is intended, 
for in a sketch that would he labor lost. I have not found it necessarv 
to cover him with a mantle; on the contrary, I prefer the simple mili- 
tarj' costume of the time in which he lived, which, when finished in the 
large model, will have a fine effect. 

I shall be most happy to receive any suggestions from yourself or the 
committee in regard to the above. I shall soon send you photo- 
graphs of the Lewis. The statue of Mason is now being boxed, and 
will be on its way to Munich in the course of a few days. Marshall 
will soon be finished and sent off. Hoping to hear from you at your 
earliest convenience, 

I am, &c. 

J. Lucius Davis to the Governor. 

March 16 It would be a neglect of duty, as commander of cavalry, to fail to re- 
port the exemplary, and distinguished conduct of certain individuals 
under my command. 

Much is due the zeal of a lar^e number of the gentlemen composing 
the Henrico Troop, who have succeeded for four years of the most dis- 
graceful period of our military history in keeping up a troop, if not 
equal in show, certainly in efficiency, to any that have flourished under a 
favourable system of militia laws. 

The difficulties encountered are apparent enough from the fact that 
ours remained for so long a period the only troop in Virginia. Stimu- 
lated by the example of Henrico, Cumberland is making a similar effort, 
and judging from the detachment present (at our solicitation) on the 
22nd of Feb'y, that county will be successful in her attempt, especially 
as the new law (defective as it is) will at least enforce a system of mus- 
ters and drills. 

The master spirits in accomplishing our purpose and maintaining our 
ground have been Dan'l E. Gardner, Esq'r, and Captain W. H. Richard- 
son, and without detracting an iota from the credit due Captain Page 
and his officers, I claim for . Capt. Richardson a large share of the 
honour of having set on foot a 2nd corps of Va. Cavalry, viz., the Cum- 
berland Troop. 

Richardson suggested the 1st movements and preparatory steps, was 
present at the earlier meetings, and conducted the 1st drills. He is a 
good disciplinarian, and one of the best drill officers I ever knew. Page, 


however, is an excellent officer, an accomplished gentleman, and would 
make a good Colonel of Cavalry. 

Equal in merit to either is our worthy Secretary, Dan'l E. Gardner, 
Esq'r, who, though disabled some years since by a gun-shot wound in 
the leg, has been the most active and energetic member of our corps. 
Thousands of dollars has passed through his hands as treasurer and col- 
lector without the reservation of one cent of the amount, always allowed 
in like cases. 

If it were not out of place, I would dwell on the excellence of this 
man in all private stations — his soundness as a politician, (fee, but my 
object is only to discharge my duty toward the individuals mentioned 
by making a special report of their merits to their commander in chief. 
Either of them will regard your Excellency's approbation as a high 
reward for past services, and other members of the corps will be emu- 
lous of like distinction. 

I am, <fcc. 


March 16 

R. B. Pegbam, Lieutenant United States Navy, to the Governor. 

I feel most highly honored by the very complimentary manner in 
which you have been graciously pleased to convey- to me by your Aid, 
Major Wm. Munford, as special messenger, the distinguished honors that 
have been conferred upon me by the General Assembly of my dear 
native State. 

I little thought that the simple performance of a duty which devolved 
upon me in my official capacity could ever have elicited the flattering 
encomiums that have been passed upon my conduct. I only fear that, 
like an over-indulgent parent, my dear native State has set too high an 
appreciation on the services of her son, and exalted him far beyond his 
merits, for, like a fond motfter, she has always been the first to encourage 
her children in sustaining the honor of our glorious Flag in sunshine or 
in storm. 

" Oh, long may it wave 

O'er the land of the free 

And the home of the brave." 

What greater reward could I have than the approving smile of my 
dear old mother, God bless her ; God bless her. 

It is impossible to express in language the emotions of my heart in 
acknowledging with humble deference the distinguished honors that 
have been awarded me by the unanimous voice of Virginia's most hon- 
ored sons in General Assembly. May I beg of your Excellency to ac- 
cept for yourself and each member individually my grateful thanks, and 

April 22, 


Navy Yard 


1858. I trust that through the all-sustaining power of my heavenly father I 

GoflDo^t' ma ^ never dishonor the inestimable token of reliance they have been 

Navy Yard graciously pleased to bestow upon me. It shall be handed down to my 

children as their most valuable inheritance — a mother's best gift to her 

devoted son. 

I am, <$rc. 

Rkmbrant Peale to the Governor. 

May 8, My Portrait of Chief Justice Marshall was painted in Washington 

about 30 years ago, when he was in perfect and vigorous health, living 
on Capitol Hill, and walking to and from my painting room in Penn- 

The last Portrait of him was painted in Philadelphia by Mr. Inman a 
few weeks before his death, when he had to be propped up in his chair. 

This, my Portrait of him, was painted to be a companion Picture to 
the Senatorial one- of Washington, but as the small Senate chamber did 
not admit of its proper display I never offered it to Congress, nor to the 
Supreme Court, whose chamber likeness was not adapted for it. 

It has therefore remained in my unsafe possession for 30 years, and I 
have now brought it to Richmond as the most suitable place for its 
deposit and preservation. 

I shall have in my possession a Duplicate of the Portrait of Washing- 
ton, which is in the United States senate chamber, for which Picture the 
Virginia Legislature passed a joint resolution to purchase. A member 
the next day, who was absent on the passage of the Resolution, who 
warmly approved the object, objected to it because it had not passed a 
committee of the whole to whom it was then referred, too late, however, 
for action. 

I received a Letter from the governor or Secretary of State (I forget 
which), stating that it would be taken up the following session, but the 
Governor died and the subject was neglected here, and I took no steps 
in relation to it, being then engaged in visiting Europe. I mention this 
because it is possible the Portrait may still be deemed desirable to pos- 

I am, &c. 

Thos. P. Parry, Captain Artillery Corps Washington Grays, 

to the Secretary of Commonwealth. 

May 29 Having been informed that the State of Virginia contemplates remov- 

Philadelph'a fog the remains of ex-President Monroe from the City of New York to 

her own Capital, I take the liberty of tendering the service of the Artil- 



lery Corps, Washington Grays, as an escort to, and guard of the relic, 1858. 
** i should it be judged advisable to pass through this city. PhUacSlehJli'a 

.~ l l Independent of their wish to do honor to the memory of so distin- 
* ^ guished a man. the Grays entertain a vivid recollection of the many 
civilities extended to them during their visit to Virginia in 1854, and 
desire to avail themselves of this opportunity of acknowledging it. 

I am, &c. 


IrJ Randolph Rouers to the Governor. 


Your letter of April 18th, containing the report of the commissioners June 5, 


00 my sketch for a statue of Gen'l Nelson, was received only six or 
eight days since, in consequence of it having been sent under cover to 
Mr. Cass, who is now in France, thus involving the loss of much time. 

1 have lost no time v however, in modelling other sketches, one of which 
["Y I trust will meet with the approbation of yourself and the com mis- 
"7 sionere. 

/ You will observe that I have discarded the chapeau and epaulets and 

taken for my text your, quotation, " We have counted the cost, and I 
will see that it is paid." 

To avoid mistakes, I have numbered each photograph on the back. 
No. 1 represents him grasping his sword energetically while in the act of 
stepping forward and offering his bond. 

No. 2 is the same attitude, with the exception of the way in which he 
holds his sword. 

No. 3 resembles the above, with the exception of the position of the 

No. 4 is entirely different from the others, except his grasping the 
sword. I have here represented him with his right hand in the pocket 
of the long waistcoat as if about to take out money to pay a State debt. 
It is my opinion that No. 1 will make the finest Statue of them all, but 
I am sorry to say that on account of the foreshortening of the right 
arm, which is thrust forward, it has not come out as well in photograph 
as some of the others. I think the attitude is nobler than the one with 
the hand in the pocket; besides, it expresses more clearly the idea 
which I have endeavored to convey. 

All of these sketches are entirely different in every respect from any 
of those already executed for the monument. 

I hope the commissioners will regard these photographs (which give 
but an imperfect representation of the models) as sketcha, which, like 
all sketches, are only intended to convey an idea of the attitude and sen- 
timent of a statue which will require so many months of constant 

thought and labor to bring to perfection. 




1858. The statue of Marshall is finished and cast in plaster, and will be for- 

Rome wara *ed to Munich as soon as it is dry enough for boxing. To avoid 

delay will you be kind enough to direct to the care of Pakenham, Huoker 

& Co., Rome ? 

I am, <fcc. 

V. B. Smith, Medalist, to Geo. W. Munford. 

June 0, I am just in receipt of yours of the 7th inst. I would state that the 

ew or letters sketched in the drawing were hurriedly done and merely that you 
might form an idea of the amount and style of inscription for the medal. 
When placed on the die the letters will be of suitable size, will not look 
crowded, but will be straight and correct in form. You suggest that the 
inscription would look better in the copper-plate style. I can engrave 
it in that manner on the medal if you so prefer, but the usual way is to 
strike the letters in the die so that they may appear raised on the medaL 

Now, as the copper-plate style can only be engraved on the medal 
after it is struck, I feel it my duty to advise you of the fact. 

It is my intention to strike a copy in bronze for the Governor and also 
one for yourself complimentary after the gold one is completed. The 
inscription would also be engraved on them. It will be much less work 
for me to engrave the letters than to put them in the die at the time I 
execute the wreath. Your commonwealth might require copies of the 
medal hereafter, and the gold one out of your possession it would l>e 
difficult to give a " fac similie " of the original. The event of the work 
being a part of the history of our country, it is desirable that copies in 
silver or bronze should be in existence for future view and reference. 
Medals for agricultural societies, you may have observed, have their in- 
scriptions in round handwriting, and for the reason that they are pre- 
sented to different parties, and hence could not be done in the die. 

I again state that it. is less labor for me to do as you suggest. It only 
remains for your final answer to this. 

I am losing no time by this correspondence, as I am at work on the 
dies, and the inscription is an after labor. 

Presuming you will take these hints on my part as the result of a 
desire to make the medal worthy of your State, 

I am, &c. 

[The medal referred to in the above letter, and in the letter of the 
17th of August, 1858, was ordered under the authority of the Legislature 
of Virginia to be presented to the widow of Capt. William Lewis Hern- 
don, of the United States Navy, as a testimonial of respect for his gal- 
lant conduct in the preservation of the lives of the passenger^ of the 


sinking steamship "Central America," September 11, 1857, by which ]g58. 
he lost bis own life. — Ed.] 

Dan'l F. Tirrnann to the Secretary op Commonwealth. 
I have received your favor of the 7th instant, and would state that I June 10, 

have laid your previous note and that of Satn'l L. Gouverneur, Jr., Esq., 

in reference to the removal of the remains of the late President Monroe, 

before the Common Council of this city, and that body has appointed a 

committee of arrangements, consisting of five members from each 

branch and myself. 

The permission you desire will be, of course, given in legal form for 
the removal of the remains, if any necessity exist. The day is not yet 
fixed for the ceremonies in New York. Mr. Governeur suggested in his 
letter that the Fourth of July, the anniversary of the death of his dis- 
tinguished relative should be selected as the day either of the embarka- 
tion of the remains from New York, or the reception. I think there 
are many reasons which should induce the latter alternative to be pre- 
ferred, and among them, is that any dignity derived from the associa- 
tions of this dav should be conceded to the ceremonies conducted 
under the auspices of that state, which stands in the place of a parent 
to the deceased patriot. 

1 will lay your note before the committee and will apprize you imme- 
diately of whatever action shall be adopted. 

I am, &c. 

New York 

Geo. W. Randolph to the Governor. 

I have heard from my brother, Thos. Jefferson Randolph, and 1 am « June 30, 
sorry to find that his views do not coincide with mine in reference to 
the proposed removal of Mr. Jefferson's remains from Monticello to 

Altho' Mr. Jefferson indicated no preference in his will for the place 
of his interment, yet my brother says that he expressed a wish to be 
buried by the side of his wife and daughters, and had an understand- 
ing with his brother-in-law and intimate friend, Mr. Carr, that they 
should both be buried at Monticello. 

Under these circumstances my brother does not feel himself at liberty 
to consent to the removal of Mr. Jefferson's remains from Monticello, 
altho' inclined to gratify your wishes and to accept the testimonial of 
respect to the memory of his grandfather, which you so kindly offer. 

I am, &c. 



July 7 

No. 567. Hollywood Cemetery. 

Mount section, Ix>ts No. 1, 2, and 3, 

Valued at Two Hundred Dollars. 

This is to certify That the Commonwealth of Virginia is the lawful 
ower of Lots No. 1, 2, and 3, Section Mount, containing eight hundred 
and four superficial feet in the Hollywood Cemetery, according to the 
plan thereof surveyed by Joseph I. Pleasants, and now in the possession 
of the Hollywood Cemetery Company, which I^ots are held by the said 
Commonwealth of Virginia, with the rights and privileges conferred by 
the Act of Incorporation of the said Holly wood Cemetery Company, 
passed February 25th, 1856, ami subject to the Regulations adopted 
from time to time bv the Stockholders consistent therewith. 

Witness the hand of the President and the Corporate Seal of th« 
Hollywood Cemetery Company on this seventh day of July, 1858. 

Thomas Ellis, President. 
Jamks H. Gahdnkk, Treasurer. 

August 17 

F. l>. Smith, Medalist, to Geo. W. Minford. 

I indite a line to inform you that the dies of the medal are completed ^ 
and that it has been struck and contains 875 in fine gold. I send yoi^ 
two copies in bronze, one of which you will please present to the Cover-- 
nor and the other retain vourself. 

I was rather unfortunate with one die that I first completed, it having 
broke in the process of hardening, and hence was totally useless. I in- 
dustriously renewed by labors and replaced it with another, which has 
passed through the hardening process successfully. The medals and 
dies I shall forward this day by Adams <fc Co.'s Express. The face of 
the latter is covered with wax to avoid rust or other injury. Believing 
that my work will prove satisfactory, 

I am, &c. 

L. W. Washington to Geo. W. Minford. 

Sept.:*, Enclosed please find the deed of conveyance submitted by the att'y- 

HaUtown, General, properly executed. 
Jefferson ' x J 


I am, tkc. 

[The deed referred to above is made by the writer to the Common- 
wealth of Virginia to the grave-yard of the Washington family in West- 
moreland county and the birth-place of Ceorge Washington. — Ed.] 


K. B. Pbgram, Lieutenant U. S. Navy, to Geo. W. Munford. 

j I have the distinguished honor of acknowledging the receipt of your isss. 
J kind letter of the 18th inst. accompanying the sword which has been ^? pt f^' 
J prepared by order of his Excellency the Governor of Virginia to carry 
out the resolution of the General Assembly of Virginia. But, sir, how 
is it possible for words to express the deep gratitude I feel to Governor 
Wise for the complimentary manner and beautiful style in which this 
Resolution has been carried out, since it has served to make a mother's 
gift doubly valuable to her humble son. 

The exquisite taste that has been displayed in the design and execu- 
tion of this chaste and beautiful specimen of mechanical art must be 
admired by all, whilst it elicits my sincere thanks and highest praise. 
Be pleased to present to his Excellency my warmest acknowledgments 
and heartfelt wishes for his health, happiness, and prosperity, and that 
the choicest blessings of heaven may always accompany you and yours 
is the fond prayer # of your ever grateful friend and 

Obed't Servant. 

[Sundry letters are filed from George W. Lewis, J. E. Wilson, the 
ownejof a tract of land in Westmoreland County, Va., called Wakefield, 
whereon is the grave yard of the Washington family, and the birth-place 
ofGen'l George Washington. For the privilege of enclosing and protect- 
ing these sacred places, and securing the right of ingress and egress 
thereto, the Legislature of Virginia had made an appropriation of $5000. 
This being resisted by the said J. E. Wilson, the opinion of the Att'y 
Gen'l of Virginia was obtained, as to the right of the Commonwealth to 
these privileges under the Deed from Lewis W. Washington to her 
w hich with the advice of Governor H. A. Wise are also filed in the pack- 
age of July, 1858. The state failing to carry out her patriotic purpose 
in consequence of the war, conveyed her jurisdiction over the premises 

to the United States Gov't in 1882, with the view to its accomplishment. 

Rembrant Peale to the Governor. 

As your Legislature will soon be in session, I take the liberty of ad- Nov. 20, 
dressing you and to request your advice as to the proper and best mode p hiladelph'a 
°f proceeding for the purchase of my Portrait of Chief Justice Marshall, 
and also my copy of the Washington in the U. 8. Senate Chamber. 

You were so kind as to take charge of my Marshall in the Library 



1868. where it hangs in safety, but as I am verging to my last stage I a. *** 

ni^i°j*? L» anxious to settle all my worldly concerns, and it would be now a c^* 1 " 
Philadelpha J J ' 

venience to me to receive some remuneration for my labours. I ha*v~ e 
therefore resolved to ask only the half price for these two portraits, eac~fr 
$500. The Washington is the very one for which a joint resolution w*»^ 
passed about 32 years ago appropriating $1000 for its purchase. 

A member who had been absent expressed his hearty approbation of 
the measure, but objected to the unconstitutionality of its form, as the 
Resolution was passed without being referred to a committee of the whole. 
It was therefore referred. This was near the close of the session and no 
action was taken. The Governor wrote me thus and assured me that he 
would attend to it the next session, as there was no opposition to it; but 
he died, and as I was about going to Europe 1 took no steps in the case. 

This picture is the only copy I have made of the Portrait in the 
Senate Chamber, for which I received $2000; and as your Legislature 
was then willing to give me $10C0 for the copy, I hope they will not now 
refuse $500. I have kept it long enough in my unsafe possession with 
the deferred intention of offering it as first intended. 

The Portrait of Chief Justice Marshall is expressly designed to be a 
companion to it, and was intended to be ottered to the Senate, but j>er- 
ceiving that their chamber was totally unsuitable, 1 never ottered it to 
the Senate, nor for any other situation. I had thought of the U. S. Court 
room, but there I found there was no room even for a small Picture. 

The interest you take in all such patriotic objects, and your voluntary 
kidness shown to me induce me thus to trespass on your time and 
thoughts. Would it be well to address a memorial to your legislature? 
Or would it be improper for you to recommend the acquisition of the 
Portraits? A few lines in reply will greatly oblige me. 

I am, &c. 

[A correspondence between Governor Wise, R. A. Cay brook, and John 
C. Wilson, concerning a Deed proposed to be made by said Wilson, of 
the County of Westmoreland, to the Commonwealth of Virginia, grant- 
ing, free of all charge, certain pieces of land on his farm called Wake- 
field, in said County, w hereon is the spot once occupied by the house in 
which Gen'l Geo. Washington was born ; and likewise the graveyard of 
the Washington family, with the right of ingress and egress thereto, 
reserving to himself the right to deprive such parties of the privilege as 
were determined to abuse it by trespassing on his premises, is on file. — 



Randolph Ro«;eks to the Goykkxoh. 

Enclosed you will find photographs taken from the sketches which I 1859. 

have just executed for the colossal statue of Gen'l Andrew Lewis. I ^Ejj 1 10 ' 

hive represented him, as you will perceive, in the dress of the Virginia 

Rifleman, which, I believe, was the desire of yourself and the commit- 
tee, and, in my opinion, it is the only costume in which Lewis could be 
represented. I find good authority for the form of this dress in several 
of (k>L Trumhul's pictures, which is the highest and most reliable 
authority, for he must have had them before his eyes for years, and un- 
doubtedly painted his pictures from the real costumes. 

For my own part, I consider myself very fortunate in having such a 
beautiful costume to dress my hero in. Nothing could be more becom- 
ing or better adapted to sculpture. 

The moment which I have chosen for inv sketch is the attack on 
Gwvn's Island, when Gen 7 ] Lewis announced his orders for attacking the 
enemy by putting a match to the first gun himself. He is holding the 
match in bis right baud, and grasping his sword with his left, ready to 
draw it when the moment arrives. I think you will be pleased with 
the energy and vigor of the sketch as well as with the southern type 
which I have endeavored to portray. I send two photographs exactly 
alike with the exception of an addition of a blanket to one of them, 
which seems to bean important part of the costume. For my own part 
I am decidedly in favor of the one with the blanket. It certainly adds 
very much to the richness of the effect, and I can see no impropriety in 
adopting it. If my object in completing the monument was entirely 
mercenary, I should be far from asking you to accept the sketch with 
the blanket, as its execution in bronze will cost me five hundred dollars 
more than the other, to say nothing of my own work and extra expense 
in casting it in plaster. 

But. on the contrary, I have set my heart on making a splendid statue 
of the Lewis, and I cannot bear the idea of suppressing anything that 
will contribute to its beauty. If history had not suggested the blanket 
I would have been satisfied with the other sketch. In order to save 
you trouble, I will give you a quotation from Irving's Life of Washing- 
ton in regard to the costume of the Virginia riflemen. 

u His troops were scantily supplied with regimental clothing. The 
weather was oppressively warm. He now conceived the idea of equip- 
ping them in the light Indian hunting garb, and even of adopting it 
himself. Two companies were accordingly equipped in this style and 
sent under the command of Major I^ewis to headquarters. " " It i* an 
unbecoming dress, I own. for an officer/" writes Washington. " but con- 
venience rather than show, I think, should be consulted/' The experi- 
ment was successful. "The dress takes very well here/' writes Col. 


1859. Bouquet, "and thank God we see nothing but shirts and blanket^*- 
^iSome 0, " Their dress should be of one patem for this expedition." 

"Such was probably the origin of the American rifle dress, afterward^ 
so much worn in warfare and modelled on the Indian costume. " 

The above will be found in the XXIV. chapter of the work. In an- 
other part of the work he speaks of the fringed frocks or rifle shirts and 
round bats. 

I would not represent a soldier actually in battle with a cloak or 
blanket on his shoulders, but the moment which I have chosen is before 
the battle has begun, and the blanket is so put on that it may be thrown 
off in an instant. 

I am happy to say to you that the statue of Gen'l Nelson is com- 
pleted and nearly cast in plaster. I have good reasons for believing that 
it will give entire satisfaction to the Virginians, as it has to all who have 
seen it. By the next mail I shall be able to send you the U. S. Consul's 
certificate of its completion and will draw on you through my Bankers, 
Messrs. Packenham, Hooker & Co., for the sum of Four Thousand and 
five hundred dollars as per contract. 

The statue of Mason was successfully cast several months since and is 
now nearly completed. Miller informs me that it will be at the sea- 
board by the first of June. If so, in the month of July, you may look 
for it in Richmond. The Marshall is now being moulded and will very 
soon be cast in bronze. 

You will soon see photographs from the sketches for the outer pedes- 

1 send you a photograph taken from the upper pannel of the doors 
which represents the first landing of Columbus at San Salvador. This 
will give you an idea of the manner in which my works are finished. 

Hoping to hear from you soon, 

I am, tfcc. 

Randolph Rogers to the Governor. 

June 25 I wrote to your Excellency two weeks since acknowledging the receipt 

Route f a letter from Mr. Munford accepting with some alterations the sketch 
for the Statue of Lewis. 

In accordance with your directions I have placed a rifle instead of a 
sword in the left hand, the change is good and effective, but as regards 
the position of the right arm and the occupation of the right hand allow 
me to offer some suggestions. I have begun to pile the clay for the 
collossal statute, and while making the general outline and developing the 
lower extremity, I shall have full time to receive an answer to my sugges- 
tions if sent immediately, which I hope it will be. I hope your Excel- 




lencyand the commissioners will reconsider the suggestions made in re- ia r i9. 
?*rd to the position of the right arm, as grasping the handle of a hunt- "tome'' 
in# knife placed in his belt would make an angle of the arm too acute 
and stiff, besides rendering it too much like the position of the left; 
besides that side of the Statute must necessarily hold the powder horn, 
/ bullet pouch, and their belts, which together with the hand and knife 
would be decidedly too much encumbered. The match as shown in the 
photograph I would choose in preference to any other arrangement, as 
that marks the movement in his life, which I think ought to he repre- 
sented and which is always mentioned in notices of his life. Three or 
four cannon balls placed on the base of the statue perhaps would assist 
in ex planing the action. I would rather have the right hand clenched 
or holding his round hat than to change materially the position of the 
arm. Your Excellency must know that the only thought or anxiety 1 
have in regard to this matter is to produce a fine work, for it is as easy 
for me to make the statue in one position as another; therefore, I hope 
you will excuse the liberty I have taken in making the above suggestions. 
Before closing my letter allow me again to advert to a matter of great 
importance to me. I trust your excellency will not deem me intrusive 
or impertinent in again expressing my anxiety as to the contract entered 
into by me, and again asking a change in some of its conditions. I have 
enclosed such a contract as 1 can conveniently fulfill, and ask of your 
kindness and generosity to have this substituted for the one signed and 

delivered in Richmond. 

I am, &c. 

[Copy of a new contract signed by Randolph Rogers enclosed in the 
above letter, filed. — En.] 

Richmond, Va., Oct., 17th, 1859, S o'clock, P. M. 

To Col. Thos. P. August, 

1st Reg't Va. Volunteers: 

News by telegraph constrains me to order you immediately to call 

out your entire command. You' will draw necessary ammunition from 
the Armory and proceed by to-morrow morning's train via Fredericks- 
burg, with as many men as you can assemble and report yourself to me 
at Harper's Ferry. 

I shall proceed by to-night's train with Capt. Cary's company. 

Yours, «&c, 

[Signed] Henry A. Wise. 

Delivered by me in presence of D. B. Bridgford, at Zetel's saloon, 8 

o'clock P. M. 

Jno. S. Rady, 

Comd't Co. B., Y. G., 179th Reg't 


1859. Jefferson County, to-wit : 

Lewis W. Washington, a citizen of Jefferson County, in the Stat< 
of Virginia, solemnly inaketh oath and saith that on the night of th 
17th instant he was seized by a band of armed men at his domicil, ii 
said County and State ; they demanded his money and watch, and witl 
force seized and carried off from his premises, besides his own person. ; 
number of negro slaves, horses, and wagons, and other property ; tha 
he was conveyed as a close prisoner thence about four miles to Harper' 
Ferry, where he was confined by said band of outlaws in one of th 
United States Armory buildings, together with divers other prisoners 
until about 7 o'clock on Tuesday morning, the 18th instant, when h 
and said other prisoners were rescued by a party of U. S. Marines, wh 
attacked and overpowered said outlaws. That during the period <: 
his said imprisonment several of the citizens of Virginia were shot an» 
murdered by the said band of outlaws, to-wit, George W. Turner, For 
tain Beckham, Thomas Boerly, also a free negro named Hay ward, b* 
sides wounding divers others. 

That a certain John E. Cook, whose person was and is known to thi 
affiant, was of said party, affiant having distinctly recognized him whei 
he was seized and robbed of his property above mentioned. That fror 
information derived by affiant from various sources entirely reliable 
affiant has good reason to believe, and does verily believe, that said Job 
E. Cook is now a fugitive from justice, a warrant from the justice of th 
peace having been issued for his arrest, and that he is fleeing and al 
tempting to escape in the State of Maryland, Pennsylvania, or Ne> 

Sworn to before me, a justice of the peace, duly commissioned an< 
qualified in and for the County and State first before mentioned thi 
19th day of October, 1859. 

Roger Chew, J. P. 

Jno. W. Garrett, President B. & 0. R. R., to Thos. II. Hicks 

Governor of Maryland. 

October 21, I have just received from his Excellency Governor Wise, of Virginu 
Baltimore a } e tter having reference to the late outrage at Harper's Ferry, in whicl 
he states that he has organized an armed police guard to patrol the Vii 
ginia border to protect persons and property, and to keep watch on th 
ways to and from the Ferry, expressing at the same time the opinioi 
that some guard ought to be provided on the Maryland side, and sayin 
that he leaves it to the Baltimore and Ohio Rail Road Company to sug 
gest the necessary steps to the Governor of Maryland. 

I cannot respond to Governor Wise's letter better than by com muni 
eating to your Excellency the steps which he has deemed necessary a 


the Executive of our Sister State. Looking to the now well ascertained 1859. 

purpose of the leader of the late outbreak, it is seen at once that both ^n^L?!' 

Virginia and Maryland have the same motives for action, irrespective of 

those which prompt the suppression of riot and disorder, and when 

your Excellency bears in mind the fact that the bed of the Potomac, 

and, of course, the bridge of their Company which crosses it, are within 

the limits of Maryland, and that their Company is altogether powerless 

as a conservator of the peace, I feel confident that the suggestion of 

Governor Wise will receive from your Excellency the consideration that 

it certainly deserves. 

Any aid which this company may be able to afford your Excellency 
on this occasion will be promptly and very cheerfully rendered. 

I am, &c. 

Wm. H. Boyle, M. D., to the Governor. 

It may be of some importance in the investigation of the affair at October 21, 
Harper's Ferry for you to know the fact that the wife of Col. John E. Ch ^^ K ' 
Cook is now in this place. She was brought here about ten days ago by 
one of Brown's men. She may have papers in her possession that will 
give some additional light on the matter. It is rumored here that she 
has baggage belonging to some of the parties in her care. Gen. Brown, 
his sons Luman, Henri and others associated with them have been about 
this place for several months receiving large quantities of freight and 
having it forwarded to Harper's Ferry. The goods were freighted through 
the Warehouses of Oaks & Caufman and Evster & Bros. Gen. Brown 
calling himself Smith — paid the freight which on one lot of Rifies from 
Kansas amounted to 869. The lance handles were also freighted through 
here, and other munitions of war in pretty large quantities. Brown and 
a man named Henrie superintended affairs here. A few days before the 
insurrection a man supposed to be from New York or Boston, named 
Merriam. was here and visited the Ferry in company with Henrie. He 
is supposed to be some business agent in the affair. While here he sent 
telegraphic messages to Boston on some of which he paid 86 charges. 

Much information might be picked up in this place in relation to the 
movements of those men. I cannot think that any of our white citizens 
*ere connected with the affair in any way, or even suspected what was 
-going on until it flashed upon them after the outbreak. I have no doubt 
that a portion of our negroes knew all about it and were preparing to 
join the movement if successful. Fred. Douglas visited here a short time 
ago and it is known that he had a private interview with some of Brown's 
men. He was seen in company with Henrie, who is a white man, at the 
house of a colored man. Henrie is supposed to be among the killed at 


1850. the Ferry. He was a tall man with mustache and whiskers and a«ca66? 
|** ob ? r 2J » face. At the time when the boxes with Rifles passed through Harrisbur; 

burg a lot of negroes took charge of them and placed them on the cars for 
Chambersburg. To-day, at noon, Cook's wife entered her name as "Miss 
Kennedy," for passage in the stage for Hagerstown. She lias a child 
with her about four or five months old. Just a few minutes before the 
sta#e- called for her at her boarding house in one of the back streets. 
Cook was seen to enter the house with two rifles in his hands ; the huuse 
was immediately searched but he could not be found. One of his Rifles 
was picked up in the Garden belonging to the boarding house. There m 
no doubt about him being hsre. Parties are now out in every direction in 
pursuit of him. Our people are quite excited on the matter, and none 
of the fugitives will receive any protection or favor at their hands. Mre. 
Cook did not get off to-day. Her movements will be closely watched. 
It might be of some advantage to send a shrewd officer here to investi- 
gate affairs. Much evidence could be obtained. 

I am, &c. 

Richmond, Virginia, Oct. 22nd, 1S59. 

Personally appeared before me James Pleasants, a Notary Public in 
and for said City in the state aforesaid, Henry A. Wise, Governor of the 
State of Virginia, and made oath on the Holy Evangelists that he has 
reason to believe that a certain John E. C ook has been guilty of Partici- 
pating in murder and robbery, and causing invasion and insurrection in 
♦he jurisdiction of the said Commonwealth of Virginia, and of treason 
against the United States and the said State of Virginia at the County of 
Jefferson and at the Arsenal of the United States at Harpers Ferry in 
the said Commonwealth; and that he knows that he is charged under 
oath in warrants for his apprehension and arrest for same crimes and 
felonies issued both in the names of said Commonwealth and of the 
United Suites of America; that he Henry A. Wise was present at the 
examination of witnesses before magistrates or justices of the peace on the 
charges against said Cooke in said warrants for said crimes in said county 
of Jefferson at Harpers Ferry ; and that he heard the confessions of John 
Brown and others, confederates of said Cooke in said crimes and felonies 
before said justices of the peace charging his, said Cooked participation 
with them in said crimes and felonies, and that thereupon he the said 
Henry A. Wise as Governor of said Suite of Virginia caused proclama- 
tion to be made for the apprehension and arrest of said Cooke and offered 
a reward therefor according to law; and that he has reason to believe 
that said Cooke has fled to the Suite of Maryland or the State of Penn- 
sylvania, and that he has been arrested in Pennsylvania, and that a 


requisition has been requested to be made for his extradition to the 1850. 
authorities of the State of Virginia so that he may be dealt with accord- 
ing to law under indictments now made or to lie made in said County 
of Jefferson in said Commonwealth of Virginia. 

Henry A. Wise. 

Given under my hand this 22nd day of October, A. D. 1859. 

James Pleasants, 

Notary Public. 

Henry A. Wise, Governor, to Col. J. Lucius Davis. 

You will regard this as addressed to you in your character as a pri- October 22, 
vate citizen. . Richmond 

I make a request founded on your military experience. The insur- 
rectionary invaders of Harper's Ferry and Jefferson County, Va., Brown 
and his associates, are in prison in Charlestown. There is danger on 
the one hand of a rescue by their friends, and on the other of Lynch- 
law from the indignant populace. Arms are in the depot with fixed 
ammunition in the custody of the Sheriff of Jefferson county, subject to 
the orders of Col. Gibson, of the 55th regiment, who has orders to or- 
ganize a select volunteer corps to be ready to act at a moment's warning 
when called on by the civil authority. Now, will you please accompany 
Mr. Botts, who will bring me a letter from Mr. A. Hunter, Ass't Com'tb's 
Atto' for this case, to Charlestown, and report yourself to Col. Gibson, 
with a tender of your services to assist him in organizing and posting 
the volunteers whom be may accept for this police guard. 

I am, <fcc. 

P. 8. — You will keep an account of your expenses, and report the 
same to me. 

Henry A. Wise, Governor, to Andrew Hunter. 

The civil authority must guard the prisoners until they are in danger October 22 
of being disabled to do so, and must then call for whatever military 
assistance is required. 

Col. Gibson has orders to act at a moment's warning. He must pick 
his men to be ready. He has the arms and the munitions ready in 
depot. Any officer sent to organize, as you propose, would be under his 
command, which should not be superceded without cause. 

1 am, <fec, 


Andrew Hunter to the Governor. 

October 23 I supposed you had the enclosed affidavit relative to Cooke on which 
to found a requisition for him, but as the Jailor handed it to me I not 
enclose it. 

Two men came over to-dav from Penn'a with information as to the 
fugitives in Penn'a, and particularly Cooke. I fear the man arrested in 
the Carlisle jail is not Cooke but Hazlett, whom we supposed to be amow! 
the killed. I have therefore taken the affidavit of one of the men who 
believes it is Hazlett that a requisition may be made for him also. 

I am, <fcc. 

J. Lucius Davis to the Governor. 

October 23, I send you copy of a despatch from F. J. Merriam to Hayden. Thin 
Harper's Merriam corresponds to a description of a man named J. Henrie who 
signed the Provisional Constitution — the description I refer to is given in 
a letter written in I hambersburg, Oct. 18th, 1859, by a person signing 
himself Sylvanus Mills to the P. M. at this place, professing friendly 
feeling, stating that the arms used here probably came through that 
place; that this Henrie has evidence of a cutaneous disease on his face, 
of a tall slim person no doubt a prominent and active participant in the 
movement, had been lately in Chamhershurg and asking if such a person 
had been seen here. This man was here on Saturday 15th inst., regis- 
tering himself as F. J. Merriam, and can be fully identified. He carae 
at the same time with a large trunk which is found and identified among 
the plunder captured from the insurgents. Col. Harbour has sent to the 
President a copy of Merriam 's despatch. 

One of the merchants of this' place received from Baltimore a letter 
written By Schaetferand Souery, dated Oct. 21st, stating that F. J. Merriam 
had on the Friday before purchased of them at least 20 M Eleys per. caps 
marked in a certain manner which they describe. They also gave a 
description of Merriam's person which corresponds with that given above, 
adding that if he was in the plot they could bring a knowledge of it 
home to many of the leading firms in Boston. The caps sold were the 

caps found here. 

I am. A'c 
[Copy of Despatch.] 

Harper's Ferry, Oct. 15th, 1859. 
Lewis Haydex, 

Secretary of State's Office, State House, Boston: 

Orders disobeved, conditions broken. Pav S. immediately balance 

of my money. Allow no further expenses. Recall money advanced if 

not spent. Francis J. Merriam. 


TP- P. August, Colonel First Reuiment Virginia Volunteers, 
to Gen. VVai. II. Richardson, Adjutant-! J eneral. 

I have the honor to transmit herewith mv report of proceedings 1859. 

Under the order of the Governor, dated Octoher 17th, 1850, requiring KiJiimond' 

me to proceed with my regiment to Harper's Ferry on the morning of 

the 18th. 

1 am, etc. 

Head Quarters Ffrst Regiment Virginia Volunteers, 

Rich mono, Oct. 20th, 1800, 

I have the honor to report that in obedience to your order of 

the 17th inst., requiring me to proceed on the morning of the 18th to 
Harper's Ferry, by way of Fredericks! >unr, with as many of the men of 
tny regiment as could be got together, and to report to you at the first 
turned place. 1 immediately, on the reception of your order, caused it 
to be communicated to the commandants of the different companies of 
irty regiment, with the exception of Capt. Cary. Co. F., and Capt. T. B. 
Clopton, Rocky Ridge Rifles. Capt. Gary's Company having been de- 
tached by your order to accompany you to Harper's Ferry had left on 
the cars before your order reached me. 

Capt Clopton's company has lately been in a state of temporary dis- 
organization, and for that reason was excused from duty for the 
19th of October at his request. For this reason I did not order his 
Company to join the regiment in the expedition to Harper's Ferry; 
but before leaving the City on the morning of the 18th, I sent them an 
order to summon as many of his men as he could assemble, and hold 
themselves in readiness to march immediately upon the reception of an 
order by telegraph from you or myself. 

The companies to whom your order was communicated, responded 
with great promptitude and enthusiasm. 

Although the order was not communicated until late at night to the 
commandants of companies, and notwithstanding a heavy fall of rain 
on the morning of our departure, the turn out of the Companies was 
most gratifying. We left the Depot at Richmond at seven o'clock A. M., 
with a force of two hundred and twenty-three men of my regiment, 
composed as follows: 

Field and staff, ----- 5 

Richmond Grays (Capt. Elliott), - - 70 

Montgomery Guard (Capt. Moore), 43 

R. L. I. Blues (L't Tompkins), - - - '49 

Virginia Rifles (Capt. Miller), 44 

Co. F, men left behind the night before, - 12 



1859. We were joined at the Depot by Co. B, Young Guard, of the 179th 

Richmond ^^ men ^ under the command of Major Fry, numbering forty-one offi- 
cers and men. Upon our arrival at Fredericksburg we were joined by 
the Washington Guard, under the command of Lieut. John R. Ander- 
son, numbering sixteen officers and men and three musicians. The 
ammunition ordered by the adjutant-General w.-ia promptly furnished 
by the Commandant of the Public Guard, Capt. Dim mock, and was dis- 
tributed to the different Companies of my regiment and the Fredericks- 
burg Company. The R. L. I. Blues were put into the mail train and pre- 
ceded the other companies who were in an extra train. On their arrival 
at Ashland they were furnished with Breakfast which was paid for by 
Lt. Tompkins out of his private funds. The bill amounted to nineteen 
dollars, and it is herewith forwarded in order that Lt. Tompkins may 
be reimbursed. Upon the arrival of the Special train at Ashland, I 
directed the conductor to push on without waiting for breakfast for fear 
the boat at Aquia Creek might not wait for us or that its forcible deten- 
tion might lead to some difficulty. 

Dinner was furnished on the Boat to all the troops under my command 
amounting to two hundred and eighty-three including Young Guard and 
Fredericksburg Company. The Captain made out his bill charging sev- 
enty-five cents for the dinner of each man. I certified the bill to be cor- 
rect as to the number of men charged for, but I made no bargain for the 
price, and believing under the circumstances that the price -charged was 
too high I did not certify the whole bill. The Captain of the Boat mani- 
fested every disposition to provide for us comfortably, but he said he 
was unprepared for us, not having been apprized of our coming. He 
further stated that there would be no difficulty as to the charge as it 
might be abated to what was reasonable and proper. My own opinion is 
that fifty cents per head would be a reasonable allowance. 

Upon our arrival at Washington I was waited on by Captain Garesche, 
Assistant Adjutant-General U. S. Army, who showed me the Official Re- 
port of Col. Lee, commanding at Harper's Ferry, to the President of the 
United States stating that the insurrection had been quelled and quiet 
restored. I also received a dispatch from yourself ordering me to pro- 
ceed no further but to return at home. After spending a few hours in 
Washington city we took the return Boat for home where we arrived on 
the morning of the 20th, at four o'clock. 

My Adjutant Major Munford having been delayed by your order to 
accompany you, Col. S. F. Bayly, one of your aides volunteered to act as 
Adjutant; his services wers accepted and I am under obligations to him 
for the prompt and efficient manner in which he discharged the duties 
of the post. 

I can not conclude this report without calling the attention of your 
Excellency to the desirableness of having all the Infantry Companies of 


my regiment armed alike, and to the necessity of having at all times a 1859. 
sufficient supply of fixed ammunition, so that the troops may be sup- j^^ond 
plied without having to wait for the ammunition to be prepared. 

It affords roe great pleasure to add that the present efficiency of the 
regiment is much superior to what it has been at anytime since its organi- 
ation and there is now every prospect of its great enlargement and im- 

I have the honor to be with high respect, 

Your Obedient Servant, 

T. P. August, 
Col. 1st Reg't Va. Volunteers. 

His Excellency, 

Henry A. Wise, 
Governor of Virginia* Commander in chief of the Army and Navy. 

Him A. Wisa, Gov'r of Va., to James Buchanan, Pres't op 

United States. 


I have lately returned from Harper's Ferry, to which place I was October 24, 
suddenly called on the 17th instant hy causes the most disturbing and Klchmond 
destructive to the peace and safety of this State. A regularly organized 
hand of lawless invaders, with the purpose of emancipating slaves in 
Maryland and Virginia by force and arms at the expense of the lives and 
property of our people, seized the U. States arsenal with its arms, muni- 
tions and treasure, and made that Arsenal a position of danger instead 
of being a protection to the surrounding country and its peaceful inhabi- 
tants. They seized upon the Baltimore & Ohio Rail Road, one of the 
great national thoroughfares, and arrested the Superintendents and cars 
with their passengers, and shot one of the Company's servants; they cut 
the telegraph wires and prevented the transmission of intelligence on the 
high* way; they shot down several of the most worthy and respectable 
of the citizens of the town, and shot and wounded dangerously several 
citizens of the adjoining neighborhood in Virginia who went to the law- 
ful defence of the Arsenal and the town of Harper's Ferry. Particulars 
of these high crimes and felonies are or will be duly reported to you by 
the proper officers of the U. States. And I obey my duty to the Com- 
monwealth, whose people I am bound to protect by a due execution of 
the laws, to inform you that after due personal examination of the causes 
of these outrages, and of the opportunities for their commission, I am 
convinced that they could not have been perpetrated as they were by less 
than twenty men, if a proper police and guard under a military officer 

had been duly organized and kept in force at the Arsenal of Harper's 



1859. Ferry. There waa no watch worth naming kept at the Arsenal, and no 
Ri hn^nd m ^^ r y or c * v ^ guard whatever. Finding on Thursday morning last 
that the U. States marines under Col. Lee had been ordered awav from 
Harper's Ferry, and that there was no guard left there, I organized a 
corps of volunteers to watch and guard the confines of Virginia con- 
tiguous to and around the Arsenal and ground attached thereto, ceded 
to the U. States and incidentally to afford protection to the same as well 
as the people and territory of Virginia until the Executive of the In- 
states shall order such police and guard as it may deem necessary ami 
proper for such a place. 

I have the honor to be, &c. 

Baltimore, Md., Oct 21st } 1859. 
Hon'ble Henry A. Wise, 

Gov. of Va. : 


The Independent Grays, one of the Companies under my com- 
mand during the recent riots at Harper's Ferry, captured a number oi 
small Arms and other private property belonging to the rioters and 
turned them over to Col. R. E. Lee at the Armory for safekeeping 
These arms were captured on Maryland soil by Md. troops, and as the 
Greys claim them as being their property by capture, I have made ap- 
plication to the Secretary of War for an order to have them delivered tc 
the Greys. Is it not your opinion that they are entitled to them ? 

I am, very respectfully, 

Chas. C. Egerton, Ju'r, 
Gen'l Com'd'g 2 Legion Brigade, M. V. I. 

Henry A. Wise, Governor of Virginia, to Charles C. Eger- 
ton, Ju'r, General Commanding, &c. 

October 24, In reply to yours of the 21st inst., I say at the earliest moment that ] 
Baltimore ( j no f con gid er the arms captured on Maryland, or any other soil, bj 
Maryland or any other troops, as belonging to the troops which cap 
tifred them. I deem them the property of the criminals charged with 
using these arms unlawfully until they are convicted, and then these 
arms will be subject to forfeiture, according to the judgment of the 
Court which tries the persons accused. 

The arms will then become, I presume, the property of the U. States, 
or of the State of Virginia, whose jurisdiction and territory have beer 
invaded by these persons. And if these persons are acquitted, the arms 


captured belonging to them must be restored. They were placed in the 1859. 
Arsenal at Harper's Ferry, and Col. Lee, in command of the U. S. October 24, 
marines, informed me they were there placed for safe keeping. Some 
forty or fifty of rifles, and how many pistols, he could not say, were 
taken without leave or authority, by some of the Maryland troops. 

These thus taken, I beg leave respectfully to say should be restored to 

the Arsenal. 

I am, &c. 

Charles C. Egbrton, Ju'r, to the Governor. 

Yours of the 24th inst. is to hand and contents noted. October 24, 

Although I differ with you in regard to the claims of the captured Baltimore 
arms by the Greys, I must heg to inform you that I have received no 
report of arms taken unlawfully by the Maryland military, nor have I, 
after a most diligent search, been able to find any traces of " A carpet- 
bag full of Brown's correspondence taken to Baltimore by the troops of 
that city and misused by them." 

I am, &c. 

J. K. Tucker, Att'y Gen'l, to the Governor. 

In this town we heard nothing but a rumor of the Harper's Ferry October 24, 
difficulty until Tuesday evening by the Baltimore San, and that though ^^burg 
we were only 18 miles off! But Hail Roads and Telegraphs are the 
measures of distance now a days. 

As I will not be able to return to Richmond until the last of next 
week (unless absolutely necessary) I write to ask what arrangements you 
have made for the due prosecution of the offenders, and whether in your 
opinion there will be any reason why I should be present at the trial. 

Please direct your reply to Middleburg, Loudoun Co., Va. 

I am, &c. 


Apprise the Att'y Gen'l that I think it best for him if possible to attend 
the trial, and I request him especially to have a clerk employed at once 
to copy every material paper found on the prisoners and proved on the 
trial for the Legislature. 

H. A. W. 


W. P. Smith, M. of D. B. k O. R. R., to A. Hunter, Esq'r. 

1869. _ At the request of Gov'r Wise, of Virginia, President Garrett, of this 
Baltimore' Company, has directed me to receive and send to you for use in prose- 
cution of the Rioters, taken at Harper's Ferry, such letters and other 
papers as could be found in this city bearing upon the case. I enclose 
herewith three letters obtained from the " Clipper " newspaper office, 
which are all they say they have, viz., a letter (without signature), dated 
at Akron, May 25, '59 ; a letter dated Philadelphia, June 6, '59, ad- 
dressed to Alonzo G. Bradley by R. T. Steif, Jr. ; and another dated at 
Hallowell, April 28th, -58, addressed to " My dear Brother," and signed 
" Lizzie." Upon enquiry at the offices of the " American," "Exchange/' 
and "Sun " newspapers, I was informed that they did not have any let- 
ters or papers bearing upon the case, and that those they published were 
borrowed from the office of the " Clipper." 

We have secured for a few days for you, the use of the following 
named papers from Mr. F. W. Kerchner, a Lieut, of one of our Militia 
Companies. These papers were taken from Brown's house by Mr. K., 
and he gives us the use of them only on condition that they will be 
safely returned to him, which we have promised, and which, we hope, 
you will enable us to faithfully carry out by returning them to this 
office as soon as you may have finished with them. It may be proper to 
state that these papers were secured together by Mr. Kerchner with a 
view to their preservation. 

They are as follows : 

Four pages of the life of " Old Brown." 

A printed circular, " The duty of the Soldier No. 1." 

Letter signed " 0. S." to " Brother and Sister," dated at Chambersburg. 

Receipt from Chas. Blair to Jno. Brown for SI 50 — on ac. 

Letter to J. H. Kagi, dated Aug. 16th, 1858. 

Letter to Jno. Brown from Gerrit Smith, June 8th, '59. 

Receipt to E. A. Adams from Orwin Phelps, for $7. 

A printed Blank Officer's Commission. 

A Letter from A. Wettler, dated Moneka, K. T., March 29, '59. 

Letter to J. Brown from J. R. Giddings, May 26th, 1859. 

Receipt to J. Brown, from \V. and L. E. Ensley for one compass, 
June 7, '59. 

Letter to Brown from Fred. Douglass. 

Letter to Brown from Charles Blair. 

Your particular attention to the preservation and safe return to me of 
the above enumerated papers will much oblige, 

Yours, &c. 


J. W. Garrett, President Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, to 

the Governor. 

I duly received your esteemed advices of the 20th inst. In the 1859. 
present state of excitement in the vicinity of the late outrages, armed B^timore' 
protection is palpahly judicious. 

With the information and views of the Supt. of the Armory especially 
it is remarkable that the General Government fails to detail a military 
force to protect its property. 

I have addressed Gov'r Hicks as per copy herewith. I trust he will 
act in this State as you have in Virginia. In consequence of his absence 
from Annapolis, no reply has yet been received. 

In compliance with your request, I promptly used the most effective 
measures to secure all the original papers in this city connected with the 
conspiracy. Our officers believe all have been obtained. 

Enclosed you will please find copy of a communication addressed to 
A. Hunter, Esq'r, which embraces the full particulars of this subject. 

I am most happy to render any service in our power, and will be 
gratified if you will command us further. 

1 am, <Src. 

Amos A. Lawrence to the Governor. 

From the Telegraphic Report of the trial of Capt. Brown it appears to October 26, 
be uncertain whether he will have a trial in the usual form. Permit one Boston 
who loves the whole country as much as yourself to urge on you the 
necessity of securing this. Brown is a Puritan whose mind has become 
disordered by hardship and illness. He has the qualities wh. endear him 
to our people, and his sudden execution would send a thrill of horror 
through the whole north. From his blood would spring an army of 
martyrs, all eager to die in the cause of human liberty. I am sure that 
I express the desire of all conservative men here when I beg you to in- 
sist on a fair trial. 

I am, &c, 

A. G. Boone to the Governor. 

On yesterday I took the liberty of addressing you concerning John, October 26, 
or as he is familiarly called Old Ossawattomie Brown. To-day I learned jJiasour^' 
from a reliable source that some of his accomplices have left Ossavj &ttox&\fe 


1859. to liberate him, and like Dr. Dorr will most assuredly succeed. Th€ 
W °tP 2 ?' w ^ v * s *k h' m a8 ministers or under some such garb, all good and tru 
Miesouri burglars and expert in their profession. Can't be too vigilant, and hop 
you will be able to make further arrests. Yon are perhaps not awan 
that there are large secret organizations of these people who are sworn k 
revenge and never forsake, but liberate or die in the attempt of theii 

I am, &c. 

W. I*. Smith, Mas'r Tran.s., B. & (). U. R., to the Governor 

October 25, In compliance with your request expressed to the President of thi 
Company, we have this day transmitted a number of letters and otb€ 
papers bearing upon the recent outbreak at Harper's Ferry to Andre 
Hunter, Esq'r, at Charlestown, Va., by the hands of a special messeng € 

I am, &c. 

A. G. Boone to the Governor. 

October 20, Old Brown before leaving K. T., and at Ossawattomie, stated in 

Missouri ' P UD ^ C speech that he was going to Virginia to buy a farm and abolitionia 

the State, and free every negro in it, Kentucky and adjoining states, an 

would not stop until he freed every*slave in Missouri. This shows thi 

the whole thing was premeditated, which can be substantiated if necessar; 

I am, &c, 

J Lrcirs Davis to Col. Geo. W. Mux ford. 

October The package from the hand of A. Hunter, Ass't Coin. Att'y, has pr 

Charlestown ^ably reached you, and I hope Kelly and Morriss (with the requisitic 
for Hazlett) are in Pa. or returning with their prisoner, tho* I have r 
means of hearing from them. I mentioned by telegram that I had sei 
them to Balto. to await your orders (directed to the Gov.) A mass < 
manuscript matter has been found (partly in cypher, in phonograpl 
&c.) of much interest. I will allow the att'y for the Commonwealth 1 
take the useful portions for the present, but will send all to the Gove 
nor after the trial. A garrison or rampart gun, weighing 35 lbs., oun( 
spherical or 2£ oz. picket ball, has been discovered. Its range (wit 
conical or picket ball) ought to be 3 or 4 miles ; it will be offered to tt 
State by Mr. Butler, of Jefferson, who gave me the papers alluded to. 


1 have reconnoitered the Potomac and adjacent country. Col. Gibson 1859. 
had guarded the, bridges. I suggested the importance of attending to ^ \^ 
ferries, fords, and boats, and soon learned that efforts had been made to 
get possession of batteaux by suspicious characters. The latter abound, 
and two have been imprisoned who were prowling about. The prisoners 
were all brought into court under a strong guard. Faulkner & Botts 
appointed counsel. Brown said " all was a mockery, and F. «fr B. might 
do as they pleased." The others assented to the appointment. No dis- 
turbance. Arms are a<uUy deficient in Jefferson and Berkeley. Expect a 
telegram (if not received) on this subject. 

I am, &c. 

P. S.— Who is charged with reporting all important matter to the 
Governor? I have caused spy companies to be raised, and in so doing 
operate through the very efficient Col. Gibson and other militia officers. 

J. L. D. 


Andrew Hunter to the Governor. 

1 seize the first moment of leisure I have had since you left, to report October 28, 
to you a few items. Charlestown 

In consequence of the conduct of the prisoners, especially old Brown, 
d ig I and the frequent warnings we receive from the North, our community is 
fioc; I ^U kept in a high state of excitement. 

■* as: I ^ e military and guards are very -much fagged and worn down. 

thu.I Y°ur friend, Col. Davis, is doing his duty most acceptably and nobly. 

We confidently expected to bring old Brown's case to a close this 
evening, the Judge having agreed to sit it out to-night, but by a ruse of 
the crafty old fiend, the Judge, against my opposition, has let the case 
go over until to-morrow. 

Just at the close of the day he arose and complained of his witnesses 
not having been summoned, and he expected his western counsel (Tel- 
den) to-night, and declared he had no confidence in his counsel here, 
Messrs. Botts 4& Green. Their only fault was that they had served them 
too zealously. It was a mere trick of the old wretch to gain time. I 
think he anticipated an attempt at rescue. 

Cooke reached our Jail last night. He will have his examination 
trial next Wednesday. He is a brother-in-law of Gov'r VVillard, of 
Indiana. The Gov. is here and one or two other gentlemen of high 
position from Indiana. A beardless boy came in last night from Boston 
as Brown's counsel. I think he is a spy. 
There are divers other strangers here. They are watched closely. 
Your Capt. Henry is doing his duty nobly. J think your Mormon 
correspondent is a humbug. 


1859. Witnesses have been sent on to identify the man in Carlisle Jail, and 

ChflHeato^n also some under arrest at Chambersburg. 

We shall have less trouble and make shorter work with the other 

I am, &c. 


October 29, Circumstances have brought me to Virginia, which are to me and ray 
** wn famity extremely melancholy. 

Capt. Cook, who has been engaged in the Harper's Ferry insurrection, 
is the youngest brother of my wife; of this young man they have 
known nothing for years. He has been a wild, erratic boy, having no 
communication with any of his relatives. 

I shall remain here until his case is finally settled. The Attorney- 
General of my State, Hon. Joseph E. McDonald, and the Hon. Daniel 
W. Voorhees, United States District Attorney for the District of Indian^ 
are with me. We have been kindly received by the citizens of Virginia 
and a fair and impartial trial will be given my Brother-in-law. What i g 
the true course to pursue I do not know. I wish most heartily that J 
could in this, to me a most trying hour, have the advantage of you* 
council and advice. The crime is a great one, the law appears to m< 
clear. If you can suggest to me anything which I could do, I should 
be most thankful. He will not be put upon his trial until the middle 
of next week. 

I have felt it my duty as a Governor of a Sister State to communicate 
to you the fact of my arrival here, and the circumstances which influ- 
enced me, not doubting but that my acquaintance with you and my 
reputation would shield me against any misconstruction of my conduct 

I am, <fec. 

Henry A. Wise, Governor of Virginia, to Ashbel P. Wil- 

lard, Governor op Indiana. 

October 30, I am grieved by yours of the 29th inst. to learn the cause of youi 
Richmond p^g^t v \ B \i ^ U8# j sincerely sympathize with an affliction so severe 
as that which now must trouble you and your wife. This is a sad lesson 
to teach the tendency of the unnatural war continued to be waged by 
one portion of our people against another. Good men everywhere I 
hope will not only lament, but try to arrest the causes which disturb 
our peace. 


I am glad to know that you are accompanied by the Attorney-Gene- 1859. 
ral of your State and by the District Attorney of the U. S. for your ^ticlI^onS' 
State in order that you may have the benefit of their counsels, and that 
they may see how fairly and impartially justice will be administered 
to the misguided prisoners charged with invading our State, with incit- 
ing servile insurrection, with robbery and murder and treason. I have 
zealously protected the prisoners whilst guarding the people, and I trust 
the Judiciary will do its part towards them without blame and without 
reproach. I regret that my position will not allow me to tender to you 
any counsel or advice. One suggestion 1 may venture to submit to the 
prosecution through you, that it may be policy to have one of the pris- 
oners, at least, tried in the U. S. District Court in order that process may 
reach out of this Slate to bring witnesses from other States. Cook's part in 
this tragedy is peculiar, and his trial may fully develope the whole plot 
with all parties in other States implicated, and to that end much will 
depend upon his temper and disposition on trial. But I can submit 
nothing beyond this. It will give me great pleasure to v aid in any way 
in assuaging your grief. I tender to you the hospitalities of my house, 
without reserve, and hope you will confer candidly with the Assistant 
Comlth'a Attorney, Mr. Hunter, to whom you will please show this let- 
ter. Your course in looking after this prosecution is natural and 
humane, and can give rise to no imputation. 

With sincere sympathy, I am, <fec. 


A. Wise, Governor of Virginia, to Amos A. Lawrence. 

No man can be tried in Virginia without a preliminary Court of October 30, 
examination to enquire whether he ought to be tried. The Telegraphic Richmond 
Reports alluded to this examination as the trial in ignorance of the 
extraordinary care of our laws of the right of a fair trial. 

Brown and his fellow felons are in the hands of as just a Court of 
Justice as any in the world, and justice to them shall be protected with- 
out regard to any outside influence. 

I am, <fec. 

Eppa Hunton to the Governor. 

There are newspaper rumors afloat of the organization of a force at October 30 

the north for the purpose of rescuing Brown and his confederates in 

crime. You are doubtless well posted upon the whole matter. My 

object in writing is to offer my services to the State in case any additional 




October 30 

Nov. 1, 

force is necessary at Charlestown. Disgrace enough has already been 
heaped upon the State by the Harper's Ferry affair, and I would not for 
any earthly consideration that these miscreants should be rescued. 

In my Brigade there is only one volunteer company (Capt. Scott's 
troop of Cavalry of Fauquier), but should you need them we can soon 
raise any number of volunteers for service. I hope in this case, and anj 
future emergency that may arise, you will consider me always ready to 
do or die for my dear old Commonwealth, and shall esteem it a favor to 
be called on if danger shall threaten her. 

I am, &c. 

Henry A. Wise, Gov. of Va., to Gen'l Eppa Hunton. 

I have the honor to acknowledge your patriotic tender of services, and 

thank you for it. At present there is no call for more force than is under 

orders. If a necessity arises your offer of obedience to a call shall be 

honorably borne in mind. 

I am, <fec. 

John E. Cook's description of four men who were a portion of tb e 
Harper's Ferry conspirators, fugitives from justice: 

Owen Brown is 33 or 34 years of age, about 6 feet in height, with fai^ 
complexion though somewhat freckled. Has red hair and very heav^ 
whiskers of the same color. He is a spare man with regular featured* 
and has deep blue eyes. 

Barclay Coppic is about 20 years o^ , is about 5 ft. 7 J inches in height^ 
with hazel eyes and brown hair, wears a light mustache, and has a con- 
sumtive look. 

Francis J. Merriam is about 25 years of age, is about 5 feet Sh inches 
in height, has black hair and eyes and brown mustache. He has lost 
one eye, sometimes wears a glass eye. His face is somewhat blotched 
from the effects of Syphilis. Complexion dark. 

Charles P. Tidd stands about 5 feet 11 inches, has broad shoulders 
and looks like a very muscular and active man. Has light hair, blue 
eyes, Grecian nose, and heavy brown whiskers. Looks like a fighting 
man, and his looks in this respect are in no way deceptive. 

The above is a correct description of the parties named. 

John* E. Cook. 

[A Proclamation by the Governor for the arrest of the above named 
parties offering a reward of Five Hundred dollars in each case, dated 
the 3rd day of Nov., 1859, is filed. — Ed.] 



Andrew Hunter to the Governor. 


xv, .v 

Ab requested in Mr. Munford's letter, I enclose an affidavit upon which 1359. 
to make a requisition for the fugitives still at large — Tidd, Owen Brown, nu ^^t« 
Barclay Coppic, and Merriara. 

It is made by one who knows Cook himself. I hope it will answer. 
Gov'r Willard handed me this evening and I have just read Cook's con- 
fession, covering twenty-two pages. It does not refer to any of the con- 
spirators outside of the immediate hand. We shall learn from Cook, 
however, everything he knows. 1 think so at least. We have not yet 
concluded whether to turn over Cook or another one of the villians to 
the U. 8. tribunals. I will write you again on the subject. Much sense 
of insecurity still felt here, but matters becoming more quiet. 
Seeing I hav'nt time to write you more fully, 

>n cr 








I am, <fcc. 

Affidavit of Jno. E. Cook. 

State of Virginia, Jefferson County — to-wit : 

Personally appeared before me, Mayor of Charlestown and as 
wch a Justice of the Peace, John E. Cook, a person of lawful age, to 
testify, who solemnly made oath according to law as follows, to-wit: 
That Charles P. Tidd, Owen Brown (son of John Brown, now under sen- 
tence of death), Barclay Coppic, and Francis J. Merriam were banded 
as conspirators with said John Brown in the attack made at Harper's 
ferry, in the County aforesaid, on the 10th, 17th, and 18th days of Octo- 
ber, 1859; that they were active co-operators with said Brown in making 
prejiarations for said attack, and were actively aiding and abetting the 
«ame; that in said attack, as affiant is informed and verily believes, 
several of the citizens of the Commonwealth of Virginia were murdered. 
That said parties above named were bound by an oath to sustain and 
cam- out the purposes set forth in the printed pamphlet styled " Pro- 
visional Constitution and ordinances for the people of the United 
States," hereto annexed as part of this affidavit, and as affiant verily 
believes said Charles P. Tidd, Owen Brown, Barclay Coppic and Francis 
J. Merriam are now fugitives from justice, escaping either in the States 
of Pennsylvania, New York, or some other of the Free States of the 
Union where the institution of slavery does not exist. 
Sworn to this 4th day of November, 1859. 

Thomas C. Green, 

Mavor of Charlestown. 


8tate of Virginia, City of Richmond — to-wit: 

1859. This day personally appeared before the subscriber, Mayor of the 

City of Richmond, Wm. N. Kelly, and made oath that he was one of the 
party that carried John E. Cook to the Charlestown, Jefferson County 
jail; that he knew from the admission to him by the said Cook that he 
was engaged in the murders and other crimes perpetrated by John Brown 
and others at Harper's Ferry in the County of Jefferson, in the month 
of October, 1859 ; that the said Cook informed him that Barclay Coppic 
or Coppie, or Coppee, was one of the party, and was with the said Cook 
in Pennsylvania just before his arrest. He also swears that he has seen 
the proclamation of the Governor of Virginia offering a reward of five 
hundred dollars for the arrest of the said Barclay Coppoc, or Coppie, or 
Coppee, and that he has reason to believe that the said Coppoc, or Cop- 
pie, or Coppee, has Med from the justice of the State of Virginia, and is 
now in the State of Pennsylvania. 
Given under my hand this 20th day of November, 1859. 

Joseph Mayo, Mayor. 

Reioard for the Arrest of Jno. E. Cook, 

Mont Alto, November 21, -59. 

My Dear Sir: 

Your favor of the 17th inst., enclosing check on 

Philad'a for $1,000 (One Thousand dollars), came duly to hand. Please 

accept our thanks for your kind and prompt attention to our affairs. 

Very Respectfully, 



Wm. F. Packer, Governor of Pennsylvania, (by Telegraph) 

to the Governor. 

Dec. 1, Your letter of the 25th having been missent to Harrisonburg, Vir- 

Penn Fi? ' # n * a ' was not rece i ve d un ^i' tn * 3 morninjr. 

Of all the desperadoes to whom you refer, not a man, so far as 1 can 

learn, was a citizen of Penna. ; nor was their rendezvous, which you say 
was unobstructed by Guards, or otherwise, in this State, hut in Mary- 
land or Virginia. 

In relation to them, Penna. has done her duty. Virginia has no right 
to anticipate that she will not do so in the future. 

The information you have received in regard to a conspiracy to rescue 
John Brown will undoubtedly be found in the sequel utterly and en- 
tirely without foundation, so far as Penna. is concerned ; nor will we 


permit any portion of our Territory along our borders, or elsewhere, to 1859. 
be made a depot rendezvous, or a refuge for lawless desperadoes from Harrisbure 
other States, who may seek to make war upon our southern neighbors. Penn. 

When that contingency shall happen the constitutional and confede- 
rate duty of Penna. shall be performed, and under all circumstances she 
will take care to see that her honor is fully vindicated. 

I am, <fcc. 

J. E. Rector to the Governor. 

As a native of Virginia, I feel it my duty to advise you of the fact of Dec. 6, 
there lteing at present in this city the Secretary of State appointed at the ^Texas' 
convention at Canada West, in which a " provisional Government " was 
adopted for the purpose of creating a servile insurrection to free the 
slaves of the Southern States. 

Mr. John Richard Realf, Old Brown's Secretary, confesses that he 

figured extensively in Kansas troubles, and was at the time a regular 

correspondent of the New York Tribune, and he offers no defence or 

a\K)logy for the enormous and outrageous crime of tampering with our 

property, and wickedness of his purposes. 

If you think proper to send on a requisition to (Jov. II. R. Runnels, 
of this State, for his arrest, it would gratify me ; and, besides, nothing 
would afford me more pleasure than to handcuff the scoundrel and 
deliver hi in safe in your city. 
Please answer immediately. 

I am, £c. 

James Mason, Senator U. S., to the Governor. 

I enclose a copy of a resolution of the Senate of the United States Dec. 15, 
which was adopted yesterday. It is framed, as you will see, to effect a ^ in j! ton > 
♦searching enquiry into everything connected with the late treasonable 
invasion at Harper's Ferry. 

In conducting the investigation it will be important that the commit- 
tee should be in |M>ssession of the original of every paper or document 
found with Brown or his confederates which will aid in the investiga- 
tion or implicate others at a distance. 

I have already advised Mr. Andrew Hunter, at Charlestown, that I 
would call for him to bring here all the documents which were used at 
the trial, and 1 have to beg the favor of you to cause to be collected to- 
gether such as may have been taken to Richmond, and put t\\e\u \yv 


1869. sealed packages, certified in such manner as will show here that they 

w D v^' ***> were amongst the papers taken from the effects of Brown. I will send 

D. C. for them specially to Richmond, and will be responsible for their safety. 

I am, «frc. 

Resolved, That a Committee be appointed to inquire into the facts at- 
tending the late invasion and seizure of the armory and Arsenal of the 
United States at Harper's Ferry, in Virginia, by a band of armed men, 
and report whether the same was attended by armed resistance to the 
authorities and public, force of the United States and by the murder of 
any of the citizens of Virginia, or of any troops sent there to protect the 
public property. 

Whether such invasion and seizure was made under color of a 1 ^ 
organization intended to subvert the Government of any of the Sta^ e 
of the Union ; wUat was the character and extent of such organization 
and whether any citizens of the United States not present were imp* 
cated therein, or accessory thereto, by contributions of money, anr* 
munitions, or otherwise. What was the character and extent of tV 
military equipment in the hands or under the control of said arme^ 
band, and where and how and when the same was obtained and tran^ 
ported to the place so invaded. 

That said Committee report whether any and what legislation may if 
their opinion be necessary on the part of the United States for the future 
preservation of the peace of the Country, or for the safety of the public 
property, and that said committee have power to send for persons and 

The above is a true copy of the resolutions which passed the Senate 

December 14th, 1851). 

W. J. McDonald. 

Henry A. Wise, Gov. of Va., to Jas. S. Gibuons, Eso/r, Chair 

man of Pub. Meeting in Phil' a. 

Dec. 18, At the earliest moment that I have been able to do so, I acknowledge 

Richmond vonrd f ^ e 12th, presenting through me to the State of Virginia a flag 
from the citizens of Philadelphia irrespective of party, pledging a " Unior 
of Hearts, a Union of Hands, and the flag of our Union forever ! " 

With that pledge I gratefully and affectionately accept the beautiful 
flag which has been received and is now unfurled in our Capitol, for a 
Commonwealth which gave a Jefferson to Carpenter's Hall for the da} 1 
of the 4th of July, 1776, and a Washington to make the declaration oi 
that day from that Hall good. Your sympathy, sir. is the sympathy oi 
patriotism, it is the beating of hearts to hearts in bosoms which feel as 
our Fathers felt towards each other. It would have been strange and 


an natural indeed if any other feeling than this had glowed forth from 1859. 
?hi\adelphia, and you may rely on it that nothing has shaken our confi- p- .? t! * Jj ' d 
Aence in and our love for the Patriots of Pennsylvania. Your State in 
the late disturbance of our peace has acted the part of a sister state. 
We rely upon her loyalty to conservative principles as they are embodied 
in our Constitution of I'nion, and we are assured that the mass of her 
citiiens would be our brethren in arms against any wrongs to either 
Commonwealth. It is for that reason that 1 confidently appealed to 
their authorities to be vigilant to. restrain those who would assail our 
peace and safety, and it is because of our sincere desire to preserve the 
Union that we are impelled to ask, not only for sympathy from the 
people in their primary assemblies, but for the sanction of conservative 
laws to enforce the obligations of the Constitution. 

I will communicate your letter to the Gen'l Assembly of Virginia now 
in session, and invite them to take order upon the preservation of a flag 
which I pray may be a sign by woman made of our " Union forever." 

I am, &c. 

Thomas Black to the Governor. 

. . . I860. 

As a citizen of Virginia, now in the enemy's country under circum- Jan. 3, 

stances without a parallel in this Government, I am now called upon to fidj^i 1 *' 
address your Excellency. And I do assure you that in these times of 
trouble and political excitement which pervade the country and endan- 
ger the peace of the confederacy, I would not presume to augment the 
cares that press upon you as the Executive of the State by this commu- 
nication, did I not deem it necessary in order to vindicate the tarnished 
hoiior of Virginia, and to protect the rights of her citizens. 

I was born, Sir, in the 'Old Dominion 1 ' — the land watered with the 
blood of oar Revolutionary Sires, and honored by a thousand deeds of chivalry. 
For. the last six months I have resided in the vicinity of Morganstown, 

In traveling through Indiana for the purpose of visiting my friends 
in the West, I was arrested at Petersburg on the 21st ult., where I am 
now detained in duress per minus as a hostage to secure the good be- 
havior of Virginians towards citizens from the North whilst in her 
dominions ; and I am told that for the first unoffending citizen of the 
free States, who is murdered in Virginia for his opinion's sake, " my life 
shall pay the forfeit." I cannot complain, it is true, of barbarous or in- 
human treatment, for I am furnished with comfortable lodgings in a 
rooQi neatly fitted up in the Old Barrack,., on the north side of the 
Town, which was used by the soldiers in the Indian wars, and am sup- 
plied with good substantial diet. Neither am I a subject of menace or 


1860. scorn, for they considered me not as a criminal, but rather as a prisoner 
p : a "'A of war , and have several times suffered me to walk about town under 
Indiana the escort of a strong military guard. 

And now in view of my perilous situation, and the consequences con- 
nected therewith, I do conjure you, as you value the honor of Virginia 
and the life and liberty of her citizens, to take such measures as you, in 
your wisdom, may consider best calculated to effect my speedy release. 
I have an opportunity of smuggling this letter through the guards to 
the Post office by the hand of a physician of Maryland birth and 
Southern feelings, who has come to see me in my pretended sickness. 

I am, &c. 

Andrew Hunter to the Governor. 

Jan. 23, I send you the enclosed from a gentlemen in , a lawyer who 

C own has been giving attention to matters connected with the prosecutions 


Hazlett comes from a place in Penna. called Indiana, Indiana County. 

and I received some time since from , informing me that he was a 

horse thief, and otherwise a consummate scoundrel, and there were 
plenty of persons there could identify him. I immediately wrote to 
learn whether two persons whom he named could be induced to come 
over if we paid them a reasonable compensation. The reply was that 
they seemed willing to come, but were afraid, as Hazlett's family, con- 
sisting of a father and several brothers, resided there, and would re- 
venge their doing so. 

I think we shall be able to convict Hazlett without the testimony re- 
ferred to in Mr. 's letter, that is testimony showing positively that 

the marf we have is Hazlett and not Harrison, as he pretends ; but it 
will make the matter more sure to have such testimony here. 

I write, therefore, to ask if I shall incur the expense of bringing them 
over, if to be had, and if so, whence can we have the funds to pay ? I 
have already expended a good deal out of my own pocket on public 
account which shall never be heard of, but I would rather not go deeper. 

I have attended to the matter of the cannon. 

I am, <fec. 

Andrew Hunter to the Governor. 

Jan. 30, Mr. Avis, the jailor here, immediately upon receiving the enclosed let- 

ter, han< 
the top. 

— ( 

ee own ^ }j an( j e( j ^ to me j^ contained a gold dollar stuck in the wafer at 


It is a curious concern, and I have thought if nothing more it might i860 
; interest you as showing something of the temper of these northern charleKtown 
[ devils, and therefore send it. The fellow evidently wished to open com- 
t munication with the jailor for some purpose, otherwise being si Connec- 
31 ticut Yankee, as shown by the post mark, he never would have expended 
J a dollar upon the enterprise. 

They still have the impression at the North that the jailor Avis is 
approachable, but I have no hesitation in saying it is altogether without 
foundation. He and the sheriff have been exceedingly perverse and 
wayward in the matter of taking advice heretofore. But the attempted 
escape of Cook and Coppoc have, I trust, effectually cured them of this, 
and I have now little fear of the escape of the prisoners still on hand. 

The officer in command here, Capt. Rowen, consulted rue as to order- 
ing some cavalry here — twenty, I think, was the number. I advised 
that I thought it unnecessary ; yet I am not certain but that he will do 
n H notwithstanding. 

We commence the trials on Wednesday next, and I presume in four 
or five days will have dispatched the cases. 

I have found such full proof here against Hazlett that I have not 
deemed it necessary to incur the expense of sending away to North- 
western Penn'a for the witnesses referred to in my former letter. 

I am, &c. 

Year of Strife — 10 days after Hanging Frolick. 

The decline of life gives me mystical Lore, 
And coming events cast their shadow before. 

Humanity and kindness to a stranger, the Poor, the unfortunate, or a 

supposed Enemy, will alway gain esteem and respect ; as a small mark 

of mine, I enclose one dollar ($1.00), with my advice to wear (not green) 

Black Velvet on the cape and lap L of the Coat. I fancy the quaking 

and rumbling of a Volcano which might prove Disaeterous. 

When 1 hear the whistle I presume the Cars are in motion, and if no 

accident happens will arrive at the station. Could Gov. Wise have 

probed Old John Brown's bosom as he did his satchel, he might have 

found more than his blustering head could contain or digest. Had he 

looked in history he would have found that Gen'l Washington fatted of 

success by the fault of Gen'l Lee; that Lord Cornwallis was taken for 

the want of expected and promised assistance which could not or did 

not arrive. He has, however, formed a pretty just estimate of Northern 

Unionists, Dan'l E. Sickles and Bennett's Herald & Co. to the contrary. 

I should like, in company of a discerning Southern, to attend a few of 

these meetings and see if it was not the settled opinion, at least on due 

enquiry, that more than half had been and could be bought for a drink 



18ti0. of whiskey, as many for a trifling vote or office, and the whole, Bishops 

Ch 1 *t°' anc * a ^» ^ or ^ ess ^ an ^ u ' r ^y l'iec** of silver. When a man will call 
Wrong Right, Stealing Honesty, Extortion Justice, and Oppression Kind- 
ness, or Cruelty Tenderness, he has fully displayed himself, and if any 
are deceived by him it is their own folly. 

There may be those in Virginia who from experience know that 
Revenge is a base, cruel, rash, headlong principle, and stops at nothing, 
and it has happened those that loved blood so well have been compelled 
to taste their own. I have read of a Dalton, a Marat, a Robesperre 
cVrc. And modern history presents many instances of those driven by 
a sense of duty to rash improvident and unjustifiable measures; it tells 
of a Felton, Charlotte Corday, Sand Lenwel, Slaps Lohning, *tc. I fear 
the next raid will not be by a John Brown with a Bible in his pocket 
but a Brown (if such another exists), with not even the plea of obtain- 
ing stolen goods, but bent on Revenge and Plunder, and I have heard 
there are many venturesome Blacklegs out West. I much regret that 
the south should drive off in such a rough manner so many harmless 
northerners. 1 fear it will exasperate and even our very pious unionists 
are a little choked with it. From mv observation when travelling in 
Maryland and Virginia I was surprised that even ignorance and stupidity 
would endure so much. A short lesson might be extensively circulated 
that may prove disastrous. When masters will treat their servants so as 
to make them contented and friendly (and no doubt it has been done), 
then thev niav red in *afet>i. 

My best wishes for the human keeper of the Charlestown Jail, — Avis. 

Himamty's Fkikxd. 

N. B. Should it be desirable to hear from me again, anything inserted 
in the *V. York Tribune first or second column on the 8th page at the top 
will be noticed. 

[A Contract made between Mersrs. Wood & Perot of Phil'a, and Henry 
A. Wise, Gov. of Virginia, for the erection in Hollywood cemetery, 
Richmond, of an Iron Monument over the grave of Pres't James Monroe, 
for the sum of one thousand six hundred and eighty-two dollars, on or 
before the 1st day of June, 18">9. is on file, with the endorsement that 
the said contract has been complied with, and the amount due thereon 
paid on the 9th day of Feb., I860.— Ed.] 

Friday, Feb. 10th, 1860. 

At a meeting of the Board of Commissioners of the Va. Washington 
Monument. Present, Gov'r Letcher, Wm. F. Ritchie, Gustavus A. Myers 
and Geo. W. Munford. 


Upon the representations of Randolph Rogers, sculptor appointed to i860. 
complete the statutes for said Monument, 

The following Resolutions were adopted and are on file : 
Resolved, that the sum of $4,500 for the statue of Marshall, the sum 
of $4,500 for the plaster cast of the statue of Lewis, and the sum of 
$4,500 for the plaster cast of the statue of Nelson, and the residue of 
six hundred and twenty-three dollars and ninety-four cents, now due for 
the Statue of Mason which has heen delivered and accepted, be placed 
at the disposal of the said Rogers. 

A Vindicator of Laws to the Governor. 

I take this opportunity to inform you that the person of Francis Feb. 4, 
Jack*oa Merriam who was implicated in the "Harper's Ferry Raid," and s on 

subsequently reported "dead" falsely by his friends, is now in this 
city at the house of his uncle, Francis Jackson (a noted Abolitionist, 
fanatic and Enemy to southern institutions), residing No. 31 Hollas 
street this city. Justice and the injured Laws of the Old Virginia demand 
that a requisition be made for him on the Gov'r of Massachusetts, which 
if judiciously secured will secure the traitor. 

I am, &c. 

Andrew Hunter to the Governor. 

After a protracted and hotly contested trial of Hazlett, continuing Feb. 11, 
five days, he has been found guilty of murder in the first degree on both ^ hitrIe8town 
counts of the indictment. We had elected to trv him on that one of the 
two indictments found against him because he seemed to be more par- 
ticularly than some of the others connected with the murders. The 
same evidence however would have convicted him on the other indict- 
ment for inciting an insurrection, &c. 

No less than sixteen witnesses identified him — eleven or twelve of 
them positively. 

Indictments for inciting slaves to insurrection, conspiracy, etc., have 
been found against Owen Brown, Jeremiah Anderson, and Francis Mer- 
riam, which will be sent on to you properly authenticated as soon as 
the Clerk can prepare them. 

I believe you have those against Barclay, Coppoc, and Tidd. This 
covers the whole number of ascertained fugitives. 

The squad of Cavalry here was of very great service to us during the 
trials, as they were actively and constantly employed in hunting up and 
bringing up witnesses, both for the Commonwealth and the prisoner. I 


1860. do not think there is now any further need for them here, and, there- 
Ch i l to* ^ ore% recommend that they be discharged, particularly as one or more of 
them have applied to me to be relieved from duty. 

Divers small bills for telegraphing messages, itc, have been sent and 
presented to me. Do you propose to provide for the payment of these 
through me ; if so, I will attend to them with pleasure, keeping and 
rendering an accurate account. I presume $25 would pay all. 

I am, <fcc. 

[Two letters forwarded by Andrew Hunter, giving the whereabouts 
of Merriam and Coppoc, of Feb. 6th and 9th, on file. Also another 
dated March 7th, as to the whereabouts <»f Charles P. Tidd, written by 
Tidd.— En.] 

Andrew IIintkk to Geo. VV. Mr n ford, Ksy. 

March 16, We execute* 1 Stevens and Hazlett to-day, and the affair passed oft 
Charlestown uneX ceptionally in all respects. 

We had some six or seven hundred troops here, who exhibited a ft c ' 
gree of discipline and efficiency in drill highly creditable, giving assu*"" 
ance that such a surprise as John Brown's Raid is not likely to occi J T 
again in this quarter. 

The bodies of the executed have been delivered over, as directed i* * 
your telegraphic dispatch received yesterday. Some how or other tb 
Governor was expected here, and 1 should have been glad to meet with* 
him, as 1 wished to confer with him about the recently published mes- 
sage of Gov'r Kirkwood. 

Its publication has annoyed me a good deal, for the two-fold reason 
that, in the absence of proper explanations, it presents me to the public 
as being, perhaps, over zealous, and as exhibiting a persecuting spirit 
towards the wretched fugitives still at large ; and also as being very 
careless (if the responsibility was on me) in getting up the requisition, 
which the Gov'r of Iowa bus disregarded. 1 have certainly never con- 
sidered these matters as within the scope of the duties for which I was 
retained, and all 1 have done was from courtesy to the Executive. 

I have never, from the pressure of engagements upon me, up to the 
present time, examined the law of Congress on the subject, and you will 
recollect that at the time I gave the affidavit I expressed strong doubts 
as to its sufficiency, and, indeed, would have altogether declined giving 
any affidavit, but from a sense of dutv under the urgent circumstances 
you then mentioned. 

I beg leave, therefore, to suggest that if the Gov'r shall, in any form, 

take future notice of Kirwood's exposition, he will take some pains to 

do justice to my position in the matter of making the hasty affidavit 1 


I am, Arc. 


Randolph Rogers to Col. O. W. MrxFoiip. 

Acknowledging receipt of authority from Hcmnl of Commissioners of 18M. 
Washington Monument to draw for fourteen thousand one hundred and * Rome 
twenty-three dollars and ninety-four cents on account of statues. 

Andrew Huntkk to (iko. \\\ Minfokd, Ksij. 

I have received your two communications of the 10th and 'J.'hd inst. March 20, 
I immediately set the clerk to work preparing the indictments re- mre8 °* n 
quested, and they were hy the first mail sent to Judge Parker at Win- 
chester to he certified and then forwarded direct to voii. No douht you 
will have received them helbre this reaches you. 

Neither of your letters refer to the fact that J forwarded to vou or the 
Governor ahout a fortnight since, a letter from Tidd to a gentleman in 
Harpers Ferry, showing Tidd's whereahouts. 1 presume it reached you, 
ami that you are after him. Banks wont give him up, hut the more 
issues we ca^ make with Rlack Ilepuhliean Governors the hotter. I am 
for forcing every proper question involving our rights and honor t«» an 
iwue now. 
No more temporising or compromising. 

I pon further rejection, I care very little ahout the atlidavit paraded 
hy Kirk wood in the Intelligencer. 1 could only wish we had him more 
unequivocally in the wrong, as we undouUedly have Dennison, and 1 
hope you will have Hanks. 

Bv the "fiv. have vou and the (Governor noticed the doings of those 
impudent villians at Jefferson, Astahula county, Ohio, particularly the 
speech of Red-path? It is a heautiful commentary on the cordiality of 
the u,nion hetween Ohio and Virginia. 

1 enclose fee account of the clerk against the Commonwealth, which 

ought hy all means to l»e at once paid. Mr. Brown is needy and one of 

the hest and highest spirited gentlemen in our community. He has 

done more service without reward and made more sacrifices for the puh- 

lic interest than almost any man among us. 1 hope the matter may he 

at once attended to. 

I also wrote to the Governor many weeks since ahout the compensa- 
tion to certain witnesses from Maryland and some other extra expenses 
connected with Hazlett's trial, to which I have received no reply. 1 
should he glad attention may he given to this matter also, as the per- 
sons claiming are constantly annoying me ahout it. 

I am, cVc. 


Randolph Rogers to the Governor. 

I860. 1 herewith enclose photographs- taken from my designs for the oute 

Rome ' pedestals of the Washington monument, embracing allegorical figures 
military trophies, <vc, &c. which, from the lahor bestowed upon them 
a carefui study of the subject and the judgment pa-sed upon them by « 
tribunal of artists of various nations, I am constrained to believe they 
will meet with the approbation of your Excellency and the comrnis 

I have studied the subject thoroughly and worked it out in various 
ways, and am fully convinced that this is the richest, most effective, auc 
most appropriate manner in which these subjects can be treated. Whil 
in Richmond two years ago, I suggested to GovV Wise and the Commit 
sioners the introduction of figures in has relief, representing the princ 
pal events in the lives of the personages whose statues surround tl 
equestrian statue of Washington. It was then a question not only 
my own mind, but in the minds of the commissioners, whether th< 
could be introduced successfully. The trials that I have made hai 
convinced me that it cannot be done. 

Your Excellency and the commissioners will please consider the si 
and form of the pedestals which 1 have to decorate. The plinth up< 
which the bronze is to rest is but two feet five inches wide, by four fr 
five inches long, with the allegorical figures and trophies as you see 
the photograph there is no possibility of introducing has reliefs, combi 
ing bas relief with the trophies would preclude the possibility of enlai 
ing or widening the breadth of the plinth as you will see I have do: 
with the sketches which I send you. Moreover the figures would new 
sarily be small, consequently at a distance the whole thing would appe 
meagre and without effect; besides illustrating the prominent events 
the lives of Jefferson, Henry, tvc, seems to me to be giving more impc 
tance to them than to Washington himself. The manner in which 
have treated them is to me, and in the opinion of all artists and araateu 
who have seen my designs, much bolder, more striking and effecti 
than anything could be where reliefs are introduced. 

Revolution (P. Henry). I have represented with a great deal of actio 
A sword in her right hand, pointing with her left to a crown which 
crushed under her foot and the Phrygian cap on her head which denot 
the change from despotism to liberty. 

Independence (Jefferson). Her eyes are turned towards heaven, 
her right hand she grasps a portion of the chain which she has bui 
asunder, and with her left she casts a portion of it at her feet. 

Justice (Marshall). In her left hand she holds the bar of the seal 
which are resting on her lap, and in her right a sword. 


Finance (Nelson). Her left hand is resting on a book, and with her i860. 

right 8he holds a cornucopia from which coin is flowing. i \Eome , 

Bill of Rights (Mason). Her left hand is resting on a scroll supposed 

to be the bill of rights; she leans forward with a drawn sword resting on 

that document as if ready to defend it. 
Colonial Campaigns (Lewis). In one hand she holds the palm of 

rictory, under her feet are Indian arms such as bow and quiver, and 

tomahawk, in her right hand she holds the axe. and her bead is decked 

with ears of wheat, symbolic of the peaceful settlement of the country 

and its agriculture. 
I trust these allegorical figures will be found sufficiently varied and 

expressive to satisfy your Excellency and the commissioners, and I hope 

that the great difficulty of allegorizing such subjects, and composing and 

uniting them with trophies, <fcc, &c., in a given space will be understood. 

The trophies are as you will observe composed of cannon balls, banners, 

shields, drums, Hessian cap, curiass and helmet, muskets and swords, 

<£c., &c. On the shields I have written the names of the different battles 

(victories) in which Washington was personally engaged, perhaps it 

*ould be better to add all of our victories, for Washington as commander 

ia chief was certainlv entitled to more or less credit for even those that 

he was not personally engaged in. 

The allegorical figures will be the size of life, and the whole height 
from the base of plinth to top of banner heads from six to six and a 
half feet. It could not possibly go beyond that height without very seri- 
ously injuring the figures which occupy the pedestals in the rear. 
Crawford's eagles were to have been five feet high from the base of the 
plinth to the head of the eagles, but the form of my designs will allow 
©e to increase the height a little. In my designs I have given no 
thought to saving labor or expense of casting in bronze, both of which 
will be great, perhaps too great, but I shall not complain if I am allowed 
to work out these designs upon which I am willing to stake my reputa- 

I beg your Excellency and the Commissioners to compare my sketches 
with those by Crawford of which there is a photograph in the state 
Library. I hope that my designs will be considered in their true light — 
as sketches — upon each of which many months of thought and labor 
must be bestowed in order to bring them to perfection. 

Hoping to hear from you soon and favorably, and thanking you for 
your kindness and liberality in making me an advance on the monu- 

I am, &c. 


Tench Tilumax to the Goverxor. 

I860. The triennial meeting of the Society of the Cincinnati will beheld ° n 

Oxford Md. * ne 2nd proximo at the La Pierre House, in Philadelphia. Amon^ the 

subjects to be acted upon is the publication of a collection of pap^^ 1 ^* 

including those of great interest connected with the Documentary f* lS " 

tory of the Society. 

Those relating to the existing state Societies will be furnished by tb^ ir 
respective representatives. 

It is necessary, however, to the completeness of the collection tb ^ 
contributions from the archives of those societies which have becor*^ e 
extinct should be included, and especially from those of the Society O* 

Virginia, a state which contributed so largely to our galaxy of Re vol 
tionary heroes, and furnished to the world the only modern Cincic^* 

The duty of procuring such papers has been entrusted to a commit*- 
tee of the Society, consisting of Gov'r Fish, of New York, Presiden 
General; Col. Davife, of Maine, vice- President General, and myself; an<£ 
on their behalf, I have the honor to request that you will afford an 
opportunity at the approaching meeting for examining the records of 
the Virginia Society, which, we have been informed, are in the Depart- 
ment of the Secretary of the Commonwealth. 

Should it be agreeable to you to appoint any gentleman from your 
state to attend the meeting officially, it will afford the Society great 
pleasure to receive him as her representative. 

Should you not feel at liberty to adopt this course, the Society will, if 
necessary, defray the expenses of the messenger to whom the transmis- 
sion of the papers may be entrusted, or the cost of transmitting them 
by express to Philadelphia and back to Richmond. As the State socie- 
ties are, by the Constitution, component parts of the Parent Society, we 
take the liberty of suggesting that the latter might be the appropriate 
depository of these records. 

We shall be happy to know your views on this subject, and to con- 
form to any wish you may express. 

I am, &c. 

Note. — The following endorsement is found on the above application : 

" Answered, decline to send the papers, but propose to have them copied 

for the Society. 

J. Letcher. April 28th, I860." 


D. F. Murphy, Clerk to Committee on Harper's Ferry Inva- 
sion, to the Governor. 

The big gun taken with John Brown and sent here from Richmond, 1860. 
haa this day been returned per Express, the Express charges thereon geie^Co'm. 
having been paid. Room, U. 8. 

I am &c 8enate, 

1 am » ac * Washington, 


Thos. M. Jones, First Lieut. U. S. A., to the Governor. 

Tendering his services to Virginia in case of war. 1861. 

Jan. 1, 
San Antonio 

Jambs K. Marshall, Jr., to Gen. ¥m. II. Richardson, Adjutant- 

Tendering services to his native State (Virginia) in the event of war. Jan. 11, 

Eden ton, 

Dabnby H. Maury, Ass't Adj't-Gen'l U. S. A., to Gen. Wm. II. 


Tendering his services to bis native State (Virginia) in the event of : Jan 21 , 
war. Sa J te ™ Fe ' 

N. M. 

S. M. Barton to the Governor. 

Tendering his services to his native State (Virginia) in the event of Jan. 24, 
war Fort Cobb, 

J. A. Seawell, U. S. N., to the Governor. 

Tendering his services to his native State (Virginia) in the event of j an . 28, 
war. Norfolk 

Wm. H. Richardson to Louis McKexzie. 

Recommending Capt. Dimmock as colonel of artillery. Jan. 31, 



M. M. Sibert commissioned major in third regiment of arAiYtaiy. k.<VC\.-<o«tv. 

24 CtfSusi 


Thos. D. Claiborne, Captain, to the Governor. 

1861. Tendering services of Danville Greys in event of war. 

March 7, 8 J 


March 12, 

New York 


Geo. H. Thomas, Major U. S. K, to Gov. Jno. Letcher. 

I received yesterday a letter from Major Gilham, of the Va. Mil. I 
stitute, dated the 9th Inst, in reference to the position of Chief of Or« 
nance of the State, in which he informs me that you had requested hit 
" to ask me if I would resign from the service, and if so whether ths 
post would be acceptable to me." As he requested me to make m 
reply to you direct, I have the honor to state, after expressing my mo: 
sincere thanks for your very kind offer, that it is not my wish to leav 
the service of the United States as long as it is honorable for me to n 
main in it, and therefore as long as my native State (Virginia) rem air 
in the Union, it is my purpose to remain in the army, unless required 1 
perform duties alike repulsive to honor and humanity. 

Wm. H. McFarland to the Governor. 

March 15. Recommending Capt. Chas. Dimmock as colonel of ordnance. 

John Pegram, Lt. U. S. A., to Wyndham Robertson. 

March 24, Tendering his services to Va. his native State in the event of war. 
Santa Fe, 
N. M. 

Alex'r H. H. Stuart to the Governor. 

March 25, Recommending Briscoe G. Baldwin as Capt. of Ordnance Bureau. 

T. T. Fauntleroy, Col. Drag. U. S. A., to the Governor. 

March 25, Tendering his services to his native State Va. in the event of war. 
Santa Fe 

G. W. Lewis to the Governor. 

April 2, Forwarding his account for services as attorney in procuring the rigl 
^amTcc?" of wa r t0 the birthplace of Gen'l Geo. Washington. 
[Account not found. — Bd.] 


Dabney H. Maury, Assistant Adjt. Gbn'l U. S. A., to the 


Tendering his services to his native state (Virginia) in the event of 4 18 ?, 1 - 

April 10, 

ww. Santa Fe, 


Francis B. Jones, Lt. Col. Inspector to 16th Brigade, to the 


Tendering his services to his native state Virginia. April 15, 


D. Ruggles, native of Massachusetts, Col. in U. S. army tenders his April 17, 

services to Virginia in the event of war. burg 

Geo. C. Hutter, Major in U. S. Army, tenders his services to Virginia April 17, 
his native state. Lynchburg 

W. H. Caruthers to the Governor. 

Tender of services to the state of Virginia. April 17, 


G. W. Richardson, Colonel Seventy-fourth Regiment, to the 


Tendering his services should his Reg't be called for to form part of a April 17, 
^ ade - Convention 

A. W. Stark, Lieutenant United States Marine Corps, to 

the Governor. 

Tendere his services to Va. as a Capt. in the regular Army of the April 18, 
gkk Richmond 

Osmond Peters, Captain United States R. M., to the Governor. 

Tenders his services to Va., his native State. April 19, 


A meeting of the citizens of Fredericksburg highly recommend to April 19, 
the Gov'r the appointment of Lieut-Col. David Ruggles, late of the 5th Fr ^jjj k8 " 
Reg't of Infantry of U. S. A., to a command in the army of Virginia. 


Edmund L. Massib, M. D., to the Governor. 

1861. Tendering his services to his native State of Va. 

April 19, e 


D. a 

April 19, A. B. Fairfax, late of U. S. Army, tenders his services to his nati ve 

Alexandria a . . , r 
State Va. 

April 19, Hugh N. Page, late Captain in U. Navv, tenders his services to b* * s 
Portemooth native g Va> 

April 19, Geo. W. Carr, Capt. II. S. A., asks a commission as Col. or Lt-Col. i 
Winchester am)y of y& hig natiye gtate 

April 19, H. C. Chalmers, M. D., asks commission as assist surgeon in the Va— 
Lynchburg ftrmy 

April 19, T. C. Madison, surgeon U. S. A., desires commission as surgeon in the 
V. M. I. arm y f Virginia, his native state. 

James Marshall, a Graduate of the Virginia Military Insti- 
tute, to the Governor. 

April IP, Tendering his services to Va., his native state. 



Officers of the Nineteenth Regiment, in behalf of the 

Regiment, to the Governor. 

April 19, Tender the services of the Reg't to the State. 

•Tu. H. Waterman to the Governor. 

April 19, Informing of the desire of several free negro men to enter the service 
■"gSgr of the State. 

G. H. C. Rows to the Governor. 

Aju-il 19, Recommending Dan! S. Ruggles, late lieutenant-colonel in U. S. army, 
F bure ^ or © m pl°y ment in defence of Virginia. 


Lewis N. Wbbb to thb Governor. 

Asking employment in some post of danger in the service of the State. 1861. 

April 20, 

R. B. Pegram to the Governor. 

Recommending Lieut. William Sharp, late of the U. §. Navy for ser- April 20, 

vice under the State of Virginia in her Navy. Norfo,k 

Mrs. Sarah A. Louan to the Governor. 

Tenders services of self and daughters in making clothing, &c. April 20, 



Tendering services of the 109th Regiment, Virginia militia — one com- _April 20, 
roy cavalry, 55 men, com pie t 
wagon for service of the State. 

pany cavalry, 55 men, completely equipped, and 2 pair of mules and a Rlcnmond 

Jas. II. Kent, Pres't Union Manufact'o Co. to the Governor. 

Tendering for use of State the factory of the company for reception April 20, 
of machinery from Harper's Ferry for a manufactory of arms. Richmond 


Informing of resignation as captain in U. S. revenue service, and ten- April 20, 
dering sen-ice to the State. Portsmouth 

Wm. It. Weisiger, Captain, to the Governor. 

Tendering services of Manchester artillery. Asking for six field pieces April 20, 
or musketo. Manchester 

Wm. J. Moore, M. D., to the Governor. 

Informing of resignation as surgeon of I J. S. Marine Hospital. Ask- April 20, 
ing for instructions as an officer of Virginia. ° ° 


J. Louis Kinzer to the Governor. 

1861. Answer to despatch relative to removal of gunpowder belonging to 

April 20. j .. 

Alexandria sundry parties. 

Resolution of the Convention of Virginia. 

April 20, Resolved, That the President of this Convention communicate in con- 
Richmond fid ence the ordinance resuming the powers of Virginia granted under 
the Constitution of the United States to the President of the Confederate 
States, and to the Governors of the non-seceded slave-holding States, 
and the obligation of secrecy be removed so far as it applies to the Gov- 
ernor of this Commonwealth, with the request to observe it as strictly 
confidential, except so far as he may find it necessary to issue secret 

Agreed to by convention April 17th, 1861. 

John L. Eubank, 
Sec. of Con'n. 

Resolved, that the injunction of secresy as to the ordinance directing 
the volunteers to be called into service, be ho far removed as that the 
first section of said ordinance be published. 

Adopted by the convention, April 20th, 1861. 

John GrjEMe, Jr., 
Assistant Secretary. 

G. W. Carr to the Governor. 

April 21 , Urging necessity for more perfect military organization of troops at 
^P^ 8 that place. 

Dinwiddie B. Phillips, late P. A. Surgeon U. S. N., to the 


April, Tendering services to state. 


John Letcher, Governor, to the Convention. 

April 21, Nominating Capt. M. F. Maury as the third member of the council 
Richmond authorized by ordinance of 20th instant. 


Philip St. Geo. Cock to the Governor. 

Recommending Col. Jno. M. Magruder for military appointment. 1861. 

April 22, 

Edward King to the Governor. 

Applying for appointment in the service of the state. April 22, 


T. P. August to the Governor. 

Tendering services of Major Samuel S. Anderson, late of U. S. A., to April 22, 
his native state. Richmond 

John Taylor to the Governor. 

Tendering for the defence of the state the services of one hundred April 22, 
negro laborers from the county of Culpeper. lcnmond 

James L. Kemper to the Governor. 

Recommending Lieutenant Ambrose P. Hill, late of U. S. A., for ap- April 22, 
pointment in the service of Virginia. Richmond 

J. B. Magruder, late Col. U. S. Army, to the Governor. 

Tendering service to State of Virginia. April 22, 


Jos. Christian to the Governor. 

Representing the exposed situation of the county of Middlesex, and April 22, 
asking that their company of cavalry be not withdrawn from them. Urbanna 


Solicits appointment for Thos. A. Jackson, late chief engineer in U. S. April 22, 
Navy, in the service of Virginia. Alexandria 


Thomas Jordan, late Capt. and Assistant Q. Master U. S. A. 

to the Governor. 

. 18 8^ Tenders services to his native State. 

April 22, 


D. C. 

Tiios. II. Hicks to the Governor. 

April 23, Your letter received. Our legislature will be in session on Fri- 
nnapo is ^ a ^ Q f ^ n j g wee ^ an( j j qj^qW ^ nen ^ aD i e ^ inform you of our action. 

I am here now alone without advisers, and cannot say more. 

Truly yours, <fcc. 

L. P. Walker, Secretary War, to Governor J. W. Ellis, of 

North Carolina. 

April 23, Requesting him to furnish one Reg't from his state to aid Virginia 
ontgomery ^^^ ^ ne comm0 n enemy of the South. 

G. W. Munford, Secretary Commonwealth, to Maj.-Gen. R. E. 


The Governor desires you will examine the enclosed Telegram, 
and take such order thereon as you think proper. Please endorse your 
order on the Telegram and return it to the Executive. 


R. E. Lee, Commander-in-Chief, to P. St. George Cocke. 

It is not considered probable that the J. S. troops will occupy 
the Virginia shore, opposite Washington, unless they have reason to be- 
lieve that preparations to attack Washington city are making. It is im- 
portant that no such expectation should be raised, but that the troops 
in Alexandria should be kept quiet and prepared, and the movements 
in Washington be observed without attracting attention. The termini 
of the Rail Roads in Alexandria should be secured from attack. A por- 
tion of the troops at Harper's Ferry could be stationed at Gordons ville 
for service in Alexandria if necessary. 

Ordnance will be furnished as soon as practicable. Keep all move- 
ments secret; if there is a likelihood of provisions being carried to 
Washington from Alexandria, send them into the interior. 

It is important that conflict be not provoked before we are ready. 



S. D. Whittle to the Governor. 

Introducing Capt. Wm. C. Whittle, late of the U. S. Navy, who ten- 1861. 
ders services to the State of Va. 

W. H. Sitlyton, Lieutenant-Colonel of Eighty-first Regi- 
ment, to the Governor. 

Offering to go into Ranks if there be no other vacancy to be given April 23, 



R. A. Claybrook to the Governor. 
Application for appointment in the service of the State. 

April 23, 

C. A. "Williamson, Late U. S. Navy, to the Governor. 
Requesting appointment as surgeon in service of Virginia. 

George W. Munford, Secretary Commonwealth, to Capt. T. R. 


You are ordered to inspect all vessels which have been seized 
by authority of the Governor in the Rappahannock River or any of its 
tributaries ; to cause a valuation and assessment of damages to be made 
of snch vessels and their cargoes as may be absolutely necessary to be 
detained for the defences of the State ; to take immediate measures for 
the preservation of such vessels and cargoes as may not be discharged, 
and to discharge all such as are not essential to be retained, and to give 
certificates to the officers and crew for their pay from the time of deten- 
tion until discharged, such certificates to be sent to the Executive De- 
part't, upon which warrants will be issued for payment. 

By order of the Governor. 

April 23, 

Thomas J. Evans, Col. of 19th Reg't of Militia, to the Governor. 

Soliciting the command of a regiment in the service oi the State. 



Mrs. Elizabeth L. Stuart to thb Governor. 

1861. Soliciting an appointment in the service of the State for her son, a 

Richmond lieutenant in the U. S. A. stationed in Kansas. 

Benj'n S. Ewell, President William and Mary College, to 

the Governor. 

April 23, Offering his services for any purpose of local defence or organization 
ic mond - m j. Qe p enm8U i aj being a graduate of West Point. 

John C. Pehram to the Governor. 

April 23, Accepting appointment from Commonwealth of Virginia as a lieu- 
Richmond . ,. ,, . 

tenant in the regular service. 

M. B. Beck, Late P. A. Surgeon U. S. X., to the Governor. 

April 23, Solicits an appointment to hospital duty in service of the State. 

Wilfred E. Cutshaw to General R. E. Lee. 

April 24, Solicits appointment in the State army, being a graduate of the V. M. 
Richmond j ^ accompanied with the recommendation of James Barron Hope. 

Lieut. Bradfute Warwick, to G. W. Munford, Secretary 


Lieut. Bradfute Warwick, of Richmond, who served under Gen'l Gari- 
baldi in Italy, tenders his services and asks to be appointed Lieut, under 
General Lee. This application was made in person to me, with testi- 


April 24, Suggesting measures for erecting earth work defences in the command- 
Richmond i n g p i n ts in the Chesapeake Bay, with the opinion of Col. Talcott on 
the same. 


Edward J. "Willis to the Governor. 

Tendering in behalf of the ladies of Clay street Baptist Church their 1861. 
services for making uniforms, preparing lint, &c. Richmond 

Frank B. Jones to Col. F. H. Smith. 

Soliciting an appointment as a staff officer, with testimonials. April 24, 


William Mahone to the Governor. 

Soliciting an appointment as Colonel, or Lieut-Col., stationed near April 25, 
Norfolk. Richmond 

John U. ChambIis to the Governor. 

Tendering services and soliciting a Colonelcy for his son, a graduate April 25, 
of West Point Academy. Richmond 

K. Fairfax, late Lieutenant in United States Navy, to the 


Tendering services to his native state, Virginia. April 25. 


James M. Mason to the Governor. 

Informing of sentiments of the Maryland people towards Virginia April 25, 
and the South. Baltimore 

John H. Parkhill to Hon. Geo. W. Munford. 

Tendering services of a Comp'y of Zouaves from Baltimore to Vir- April 25, 
ginia, or soliciting a captaincy to raise a similar comp'y here to be Ba » t i more 
drilled by himself. 

Hill Carter to Gbn'l Rob't E. Lee. 

Advising against the seizure of private vessels on the rivers by the April 26, 
officers of the state. Charle8 <** 


T. P. Pendleton to the Governor. 

1861. Informing of measures adopted for sending dispatches from Harper's 

Harper's Ferry to Alexandria, thence to Richmond. 

William J. Robertson to the Governor. 

April 25, Offering services in any form without compensation. 

G. W. Randolph to the Governor. 

April 25, Advising the formation of a Howitzer battalion from the men under 
Richmond his commamL 

William R. Whitehead to the Governor. 

April 26, Soliciting commission as Colonel of a volunteer Reg't, or Surgeon in 
Richmond gervice of Virginia. 

John Contee to General K. E. Lee. 

April 26 ; Informing of number of Federal troops gathered at Annapolis. 
Alexandria Soliciting arm8 t0 be 8ent from Virginia. 

James H. Carson to the Governor. 

April 26, Informing of arrest of Major-General W. S. Harney, U. S. A. on the 
Ferry 8 B * & ®' R * Road - Forwarding him to Richmond on parole. 

R. H. Chilton, late Major in the U. S. A., to the Governor. 

April 26, Tendering services to the State. 

Philip St. Geo. Cocke to Major-General Lee. 

April 27. Tendering services of Mr. S. Smith, a graduate of V. M. I. of 1857; 
Alexandria ftlso thoge of Gea A> 7j )0rnton f tne i st dagg at tne U. S. M. A. 


George Booker to the Governor. 

Recommending the retention of Col. Jno. B. Cary in the service of the 1861. 

State, seconded by Gov'r Wise. Charles City 


H. A. Carrington to the Governor. 

Tendering services to the. State for any position for which Col. F. H. April 27, 

Smith considers him qualified. Richmond 

R. E. Colston, Major V. M. I., to the Governor. 

Soliciting command of a regiment, endorsed by Col. Gilliam and Major April 27, 
T. J. Jackson. Richmond 

Sixth Battalion mustered into service. 

General Philip St. George Cocke mustered in 6th Battalion Virginia 

W. G. Price, of Kent, Paine & Kent, to the Governor. 

Proposing to furnish the State with ite entire supply of Dry Goods, April 27, 
clothing, made up or materials therefor, for army and navy for a profit 
of ten per cent. 

S. T. Abort to Lt. M. F. Maury. 

Solicits appointment as an Engineer. April 27, 


John Janney, President Convention, to President Davis. 

I am instructed by the Convention of Virginia to communicate to April 27, 
you the following resolution adopted this day. 

Very respectfully, Your obedient servant. 

Resolved by this convention, that the President of the Confederate 
States and the constituted authorities of the Confederacy, be and they 
are hereby cordially and respectfully invited, whereon in their opinion 
the public interest or convenience may require it, to make the city of 
Richmond or some other place in this State, the seat of government of 

tha fv%n£>v4« a«m»«.«« 


B. H. Todd, Graduate of V. M. L, to the Governor. 

1801. Solicits an appointment in the Regular Army of Virginia. 


J. M. Bennett to Hon. J. J. Allen. 

April 27, Urging the appointment of % Major Thomas J. Jackson for the chief 
Richmond j . XT ., . , r . *. . 

command in Northwestern Virginia. 

John L. Ei'bakk, Secretary Convention, to Gov. Letcher. 

I am instructed by the Convention to inform you that the nomina- 
tion of Major Tho. J. Jackson as Colonel of Volunteers has been con- 


Geo. \V. Oarrixgton, M. I)., to the Governor. 

April 27, Offers his professional services to the State and solicits an appoint- 
Richmond ment ^ 8Urgeon 

Samuel Downing to the Governor. 

April 27, Informing of the capture of the U. 8. Lightship oft' Wind-mill Point 
qU by Capt. Henderson and himself, with captain, mate, steward, and three 

Kenton Harper to the Governor. 

April 29, Recommending Major Geo. W. Carr, late of the U. S. Army, for a com- 
Harper's mission on the military establishment of Virginia. 

J. W. Massie to the Governor. 

April 29, Soliciting appointment of Inspector-General, with recommendation of 

Harper's C l. T. J. Jackson. 

John B. Baldwin to the Governor. 

April 29, Claiming the rank of Brigadier-General by Brevet under his appoint- 
Richinond ment M « inspector-General." 


Hebbr Ker to the Governor. 

Recommending R. S. Kinney, late a cadet at West Point, for an ap- 1861. 
pointment in the service of Virginia. Richmond 

William R. Jones, Late a Cadet at West Point, to the 


Tenders service — Artillery preferred. April 29, 



Renews his application for appointment in the military service of the April 29 

T. J. Jackson to the Governor. 

Urging the construction of a railroad from Strasburg to Winchester April 29, 
for military purposes. Ferry 

Geo. C. Cabell to Judge John Robertson. 

Desiring his aid in procuring an appointment as mayor or staff officer April 30, 
in the service of the state. Danville 

Benj. W. S. Cabell to Judge John Robertson. 

Desiring his aid in procuring commissions for his sons, Geo. C. and April 30, 
Jos. R. Cabell, in the service of Virginia. ^cSinty ** 

A. T. D. Gifford to 

Offering to serve the State in the purchase of arms and other supplies April 30, 
in England. London 

Wm. II. Clark to Col. F. II. Smith. 

Recommending his son, John Clarke, graduate of the Institute, who April 30, 
desires to give his services to the state. Halifax Go. 


E. C. Edmonds to Col. F. H. Smith. 

1861. Recommending Col. George C. Cabell for appointment in the military 

Her"'t2S« 8erv ^ ce °f the state, with testimonials. 

Appointment of B. S. Ewell Advised. 

The council unanimously 'advise that President B. S. Ewell be ap- 
pointed major of volunteers for the defense of country between James 
and York rivers. 

A. ft. Garland to tub Governor. 

May 1, Application for commissions for Addison Garland, U. S. Marines, and 

Petersburg Rob > t R Garland, U. S. A. 

E. G. Read, late Midshipman United States Navy, to the 


May 1, Tendering services in cause of Virginia. 


A. M. Ball to the Governor. 

May 1, Proposition to construct a percussion cap machine. 


Edw'd C. Marshall, President M. G. Railroad, to the 


May 1, Asking for an order for removal of R. Road Iron from Custom House 

Richmond at Alexandria . 

Jas. H. Gilmore to the Governor. 

May 1, Soliciting commissions for Henry C. Derrick in the Corps of Engi- 

8myth Co. nerg ^ j n w hj c h h e has been employed at Harper's Ferry, and Clarence 
Derrick, cadet at West Point, about to resign. 


L. W. Washington to tiik Governor. 

Soliciting commission for son, J. B. Washington, a cadet at West 1861. 

Point T ^ ttyl 'n 

Jeneraon Go. 

Governor Letcher to the Convention Recommending Appoint- 

L Nr -■ 

- Ji^-- 

In obedience to an ordinance passed April 27th, 1861, requiring all 
appointments of officers heretofore made by the Governor and Coun- 
cil, or which shall hereafter be made, above the rank of Lieut.-Colonel 
to be sent into the Convention for confirmation, I submit the following 
appointments : 

Walter Gwynn, Brig.-Gen'l of Vol'rs, - - appointed Ap'l 26, '61. 
Joseph E. Johnston, Do. Provis. Army, - " 25, " 

^*| Philip St. Geo. Cocke, Colonel Vol's, - "-.--« 21," 

Daniel Ruggles, Do. " 21, " 

John B. Magruder, Col. of Provis. army, - - - - u 25, " 
James F. Preston, Do. - " 25, " 

Robert S. Garnett, Do. Adj't-Gen'l, - - " 25, " 

John B. Baldwin, Do. Inspe.-General, - " 21, tt 

Daniel A. Langhorne, Do. - " 26, " 

H'illiam Gilham, Do. - " 23, " 

Cbas. Bell Gibson, Do. Surgeon-General, - " 26, " 


George T. Sinclare, C. 8. K, to the Governor. 

Urging measures for the better protection of the great ordnance stores May 1, 
at Norfolk, and the importance of their preservation. Norfolk 

John M. Jones, late Captain in U. S. A., to Col. Geo. W. 

M un ford. 

Tenders services to State. May l, 


James T. Jackson to the Governor. 

Proposing to raise a company of 100 men to serve as scouts for the May 1, 

protection of the border of the State, provided they can be mounted Lewl8 Co. 

and armed by the State. 



William Lamb to the Governor. 

1861. Recommending Sergeant Myers, late of the U. S. Marine Corps, for a 

Norfolk Captain's commission in the service of the State. 

W. D. Washington to Gen'l Robt. E. Lee 

May 2, Soliciting an appointment in the service of the State as an Artist or 

Richmond Military Draughteman . 

C. D. Everett to the Governor. 

May 2, Authorizing the Governor to draw on him for five hundred dollars to 

Albemarle be applied to the defence of the State of Virginia. 

Cazenoor, &c, to the Governor. 

May 2, Inquiring as to mode of payment for 314 kegs of gun powder seized 

exan ua f rom them by J. Louis Kinzer under orders from the Governor. 

Edward S. Molter to General Harper, Commander in Chief 

Harper's Ferry. 

May 2, Inquiring if a company of volunteers for three years or the war, 

Frederick j^g^ j n Maryland, to be equipped by Virginia will be accepted. 

Z. Kidwell to the Governor. 

Mav 3, Recommending Theodore Friebus for a commission in the state ser- 

Rkhmond yice> 

R. E. Withers to Col. F. H. Smith. 

May 3, Soliciting an appointment as Colonel of a Reg't of Pittsylvania troops. 


T. Rowland, Resigned from West Point Academy, to General 

R. E. Lee. 

May 4, Solicits an appointment in service of the State. 


Rob't Y. Conrad to the Governor. 

Respecting the arrest of Dr. D. B. Conrad, of the U. S. Navy, and de- 1861. 
tention on parole in Boston by the Gov'r of Mass. Wiiicht-ater 

Geo. R. Ritchie, late of United States Army, to the Governor. 


Tenders services to state of Virginia in either branch of military ser- May 4, 


J. R. Anderson to the Governor. 

Soliciting an appointment in the army of Virginia for son, Archer May 4, 
Anderson, on duty in Company F, at Fredericksburg. Richmond 

T. J. Jackson, Colonel Volunteers, to the Governor. 

Informing that Mr. Iven L. Dorsey, of Baltimore, tenders the services May 4, 
of his company for three years, or the war, if armed by the state of Ymv 
Va. Asks instructions on this and similar applications from southern 

W. E. Wysham to the Governor. 

Accepting commission as Pass'd Assist. Surgeon in Virginia Navy. May 4, 


C. R. Howard to the Governor. 

Soliciting an appointment in the Engineer service of the provisional May 4, 

„ ^r v Norfolk 

army ot va. 

Roger A. Pryor to the Governor. 

Recommending Capt. Bacon for a commission in the army of Virginia. May 5, 


J. W. Ramsay to the Governor. 

Informing of the disloyal acts of men in his town towards the state. May 5, 




John Lawson to the Governor. 

1861. Soliciting appointment as Engineer in the service of the state. 

May 5, 

I\ B. Williamson to the Governor. 

May 6, Asking aid in obtaining release of her husband, chief Engineer on 

Edenton frigate Niagara, held a prisoner in New York. 

Joseph C. Moon to the Governor. 

May 6, Informing of the disposition of their piece of ordnance and am muni 

Alexandria ^ mftde by p otomac River p ilot8> 

Edw'd Willouohby Anderson, late Cadet at West Point, to 

the Governor. 

May 6, Soliciting a commission in the Virginia anny. 


Officers of the Second Regiment Virginia Volunteers to the 


May 6, Petition for the reappointment of James W. Allen as Colonel. 

0. II. Williamson to the Governor. 

May 6, Accepting commission as Pass'd Asst. Surgeon in the Virginia Navy. 


James II. Kochelle to the Governor. 

May 6, Accepting commission as Lieutenant in the Navy of Virginia. 


A. N. Baker to the Governor. 

May 6, Accepting commission as First Lieut in Marine Corps of Virginia. 



C. H. Williamson to the Governor. 

Accepting appointment as Passed Assistant Surgeon in the Navy of I8ttl. 

... . . May 6, 

\ lrginia. Norfolk 

John M. Speed to the Governor. 

Soliciting a commission for William G. Waller, a cadet resigned from May 7, 
West Point for 2nd Lieutenancy in Virginia army. Lynchburg 

Charles II. Smith to the Governor. 

Soliciting commission for Mr. A. P. Hill, late a Lieutenant of fourteen May 7, 
years service in 1st Artillery U. S. A. Richmond 

John P. Chilton to the Governor. 

Proposing to make a machine for manufacturing percussion musket May 7, 

Mtna Bedford 

^P 8 * County 

Wm. Ewin to Hon. Henry A. Wise. 

Infonning of the conduct of certain Union leaders in northwestern May 7, 

Virginia in organizing another convention to meet at Wheeling. Tucker Co* 

Montgomery I). Corse, Major ComVt Uth Battalion, to the 


Desiring to be retained in his position by confirmation of his appoint- May 7, 
ment Richmond 

Thomas Jordan, late Capt. and A. (J. M. in L t . S. A., to Col. 

R. S. Garnett. 

Soliciting a commission in the army of Virginia. May 8, 


Frederick Wrkjht to Cowakdix & Hammersly. 

Advising the erection of a gun powder manufactory near Richmond, \i av a 
and offering his services to superintend the erection and uiana&en\Q.Y\\,. }^ A ^ XVV * 


1861. S. \V. Southall commissioned assistant surgeon in the active volunteer 

service of the State, May 8th. 1861. 

C. Miles Collier, late of United States Navy, to the 


May 9, Tenders service to State. 


D. Funsten to the Governor. 

May 9, Soliciting a commission to recruit a Regiment in the northern coun- 

Richmond ties of the VaHey of Virginia. 

John T. Harris to the Governor. 

May 9, Recommending Col. Ball, late master armourer at Harper's Ferry, 

FenT f8 *° r a superintendent of Armory at Richmond. 

Turner W. Asiiby and many citizens to the Governor. 

May 9, Recommending Major M. D. Corse for appointment in the army of 

Alexandria v • • 

Philip St. Geo. Cocke to the Governor. 

May 10, Recommending Major M. D. Corse for a commission in the volunteer 
Manassas forces of Virginia. 

Joseph Myers to the Governor. 

May 10, Accepting commission as commander on the reserved list of the navy 
Richmond of Virginia 

A. Jackson, late Captain in 3rd Infantry U. S. A., to C. K. 

S. Garnett. 

May 10, Soliciting commission in the army of Virginia. 


H. Heth to the Governor. 

Recommending John Aiubler for Assistant Quarter Master in the 1861. 

f , r . . . May 10, 

army of Virginia. Richmond 

A. Jackson, late Captain in L t . S. Army, to Col. R. S. Garnett. 

Solicits commission in the service of Virginia. May 11, 


J. A. McClung to the Governor. 

Introducing Major Walsh and Capt. Bond of Harford county, Md. May 11, 
Capt. Bond offers the services of a company from Md. to the Virginia £JjJSf 8 


Thomas T. Fauntleroy, late of the Federal Army, to the 


Tenders services to Virginia. May 12, 


James Lyons and Others to the Governor. 

Recommending Bernard Carter as a Capt. in the Commissary or May* 13, 
Quarter Master Department of the army of Virginia. Richmond 

J. M. Gardner to the Governor. 

Accepting commission as midshipman in the Virginia Navy. May 13, 

Crany Island 

Moses Anker to the Governor. 

Tendering the services of a company of young men anxious to aid May 13, 
Virginia and ready to march when and where ordered. unore 

Eppa Hunton and Others to the Governor. 

Recommending R. S. Cox, late Paymaster's Department U. S., for a May 14, 
commission in the service of Virginia. * Ul * 


Joseph E. Brown, Governor Georgia, to the Governor. 

1861. Soliciting the use of such cannon at the Gosport Navy-yard as can b 

Mi?fedge- 8 P are d f° r tne defence of the coast of Georgia, 
ville, Ga. 


May 14, Informing of the presence of one or more suspected spies. 

J. J. Moorman to the Governor. 

May 14, Informing of the uneasiness of the community at the presence of 
DfmrSnHnw nuI1| erous disorderly persons discharged from Rail Road. Asking for 
measures of protection of the citizens. 

John H. Bailey and Nine Others, Pilots on Potomac River, 

to the Governor. 

May 14^ Complaining that they had been deprived of their livelihood by being 
Alexandria fo^^ ^ exerc i8e their business in the waters of the Potomac and 
Chesapeake Bay, asking relief. 

At a meeting of the Alexandria Riflemen held May 15th, 1861, 
Resolutions complimentary to their Captain, Morton Marye, were 
unanimously adopted, and recommending his appointment as Colonel, 
for which post they consider him eminently qualified. 

W. B. Sinclair to Geo. W. Munford. 

May 15, Soliciting an appointment in the line rather than the staff of the Vir- 
Norfolk gjuia army. 

J. D. Morgan to the Governor. 

May 17, Informing of forwarding two boxes of percussion musket caps of 
Nashville 25,000 each. 



8. Williams, M. D., to the Governor. 

Informing of the necessity for a strong force in the counties on the 1861. 
Ohio river on account of the hostile sentiment of many people there Putnam Co. 
and the promises held out by the people of Ohio. 

A. M. Ball to Col. Dimmock. 

Fixing the wages of the mechanics from Harper's Ferry working in May 17, 
the Virginia armory. Richmond 

Jambs H. Crane to the Governor. 

Offers a company of 106 men for service of Virginia. Asks some May 17, 
pecuniary aid to enable them to come. Baltimore 

Robert Johnston to the Governor. 

Stating the public sentiment of the people in the Northwestern coun- May 17, 
ties respecting the war. Clarksburg 

I nominate Lieut John Pegram, late of U. S. army, for Lieut.-Col. in 
the Provisional army. 

Also Robert Pegram Walker for 1st Lieut, in Provisional army, to take 
rank from 27th of April, 1861. 

Also Edward Willoughby Anderson, late a cadet at the West Point 
academy, to be a second Lieut, in the Provisional army. 

May 18th, 1861. 

John Letcher. 

John 8. Taylor to the Governor. 
Desiring to be ordered to Fort Norfolk on active duty. 

May 18, 

John S. Taylor to the Governor. 

Soliciting a commission on the reserved list of the Navy of Virginia. May 18, 

17 Norfolk 


R. E. Withers to the Governor. 

1861. Soliciting commission as Colonel of the Virginia Volunteers. 

May 18, 


I nominate William B. Blair as Commissary General of subsist ance 
with the rank of Colonel, and Major J. R. Crenshaw as assistant Com- 
missary General with the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel, in conformity 
with the ordinance of the convention of April 24th, 1861. 

John Letcher. 
May 20th, 1861. 

May 20th, 1861. 

The council unanimously confirm the above nominations. 

P. F. Howard, 
Sect'y of Council. 

Jos. R. Anderson to the Governor. 

May 20, Informing of an attempt to set fire to the Tredegar Iron Works, and 
ic mon 8U gg e8 ting measures for the future guarding and protection of same. 

Charles B. Gibson, M. D., to the Governor. 

May 20, Recommending for nomination Dr. Geo. T. Harrison, Dr. James Door 
Richmond M aggigtant Surgeons. 

Tho. 0. Moore to the Governor. 

Mav 20, Soliciting the use of tools wherewith or the drawings of the same 
New Orleans w herewith to establish a manufactory of arms in that city. 

William C. Wickham to the Governor. 

May 20 Soliciting a coin minion of Colonel of Cavalry for Lt. Col. R. S. Ewell. 

In Council, May 20th, 1861, 

The council unanimously advise that the attention of the officers who 
have retired or who may retire from the army and navy of the state to 
enter the service of Va., and who have entered or may enter the same, 


be called to that clause of the ordinance passed April 17th, 1861, and 1861. 
entitled, "an ordinance to call the vulunteers into the service of the 
state and for other purposes," which requires the Governor of the Com- 
monwealth to assign to them such rank as will not reverse the relative 
rank held by them in the United State? service, and will at least he 
equivalent thereto. 
From the minutes. 

P. F. Howard, 

Sect'v Council. 

In Council, May 2Ut, 1861. 

The council respectfully recommend that the Governor instruct the 
Colonel of Ordnance to have the musket machinery of Harper's Ferry 
put up in the State armory forthwith, and to use the utmost dispatch in 
getting it into operation. 

From the minutes. 

P. F. Howard, Sec't'y. 

Approved and instructions to be sent to the Colonel of Ordnance. 

John Letcher. 

Chas. Bell Gibson, M. I)., to the Governor. 

Recommending Dr. Alfred H. Powell for appointment as Asst. Sur- May 21, 
geon in the volunteer service of va. 


I nominate A. H. Powell, M. D., for assistant surgeon. 

John Letcher. 
May 21st, 1861. 

R. Y. Conrad to the Governor. 

Soliciting aid in procuring the release of his son, D. D. B. Conrad, of May 21, 
the U. S. Navy, held as a prisoner of war at Boston by the Governor of Winchester 

Chas. Bell Gibson to the Governor. 

Recommending Dr. J. D. Gait, of Norfolk, for appointment as assist- May 21, 
ant surgeon of volunteer forces of Virginia. ^\t\vm^ 


1861. A petition numerously signed May 21st by citizens of Bedford county 

lor the appointment of Col. Jesse S. Burks to the command of a regi- 
ment to be formed of volunteers from said county, is on file. 

J. W. Davis to the Governor. 

May 21, Recommending Henry M. Mathews as a captain in the engineer corps 
G C^anty er of Provisional army. 

Mark Bird to the Governor. 

May 22, Enquiring whether the state will supply the volunteers of the 
Woodstock, (j oun ty w it n powder and tents. If with saltpetre and sulphur the 
County powder can be manufactured at home. Thirty thousand dollars voted 
by the County court for equipping her volunteers. 


May 23, Introducing Wm. T. Blackston, of Maryland, a resigned cadet of 
County 88 ^ est P°i n ^ wno solicits an appointment in the service of Virginia. 

James Murdaugh to 

May 23, Soliciting aid in obtaining the release of Wm. H. Murdaugh, a re- 
Portsmouth 8 jg nec j Lieut, in the U. S. Navy, supposed to be detained on board ship 
a prisoner. 

T. J. Jackson to 

May 23, Recommending Col. Francis B. Jones, an alumnus of the V. M. I., for 
Ferry 8 a commission in the Adjut.-GenTs Department. 

Geo. E. Tabb. ('apt. 

Mav 23, Tenders the services of the Mathews (avalrv Co. in their name to the 

Mathews rjovprnor 
Countv w>\einoi. 


Geo. W. S. Crook, Caw. Ringgold Guard and otuer officers, 

to the Governor. 

Tendering services of their company for service in the army of Vir- May 23, 
gini*. Memphi., 

A- M. Newman and C. C. Strayer to Gen'l Jno. B. Baldwin. 

Soliciting his influence for the restoration to their former rank Col. May 23, 
Gibbons and Lieut Ool. Warren. b urR 

G. W. Custis Lee to the Governor. 

Accepting commission a Major of Engineers in the Provisional army May 24, 
of the State of Virginia. Richmond 

Frs. I. Thomas, Com'g Md. Brigade, to the Governor. 

Recommending Bradley T. Johnston of Frederick as Lieut Colonel. May 24, 


Kra. I. Thomas, Col. Mi>. Brigade, to the Goykkxok. 

Reporting the arrival of Walter H. Jenifer, late Capt. of 2nd liegt. U. May 24, 
S. Cavalry, soliciting for him the commission of Lt. Colonel of Cavalry Richmond 
of Maryland Brigade. 

Chas. H. Smith to the Governor. 

Tendering the service of his hrother Major Alhert J. Smith in the May 24, 
provisional army of Va. Richmond 

A list of thirty officers for the Provisional army of Virginia nominated 
for apjmintment by the Governor is on file. 
May 2oth, 1861. 

Samuel Johnston to the Governor. 

Informing of the threatening conduct of the disloyal people of Mor- May 25, 
gan, and asking for a protecting force for the citizens of that county Morgan 
from the abolitionists of Pennsylvania. 



Georuk Blagknall to M. F. Maury. 

M 18<?1 ' Soliciting aid in procuring release of Lieut Wm. H. Murdaugh, 

Norfolk' lieved to be detained a prisoner of war in New York. 

I nominate the following for nominations by the Council. 

John Letcher 
May 25th, 1861. 

J. M. Brokenbrough, 

Col. of Vol's 

i, Warsaw, Essex co. 

R. A. Clay brook, - 

L't-Col. Vol'; 

s ? NorthumTd C. H. 

Warner T. Taliaferro, - 

Major of u 

Mathews C. H. 

Rev. W. N. Ward, 

Do. " " 

Tappahannock, Essex. 

Geo. W. Hansborough, - 

L't-Col. of " 

Prunty Town, Taylor co. 

Ro. E. Cowan, 

Major " 

Kingwood, Preston co. 

Wm. T. Lundy, - 


(now at F't Powhatan). 

W. Taz. Patton, - 


Culpeper C. H. 

A. G. Reger, - 


Phillippi, Barbour co. 

Henry a. Carrington, - 

L't-Col. " 

Charlotte C. H. 

E. C. Edmonds, - 

a u a 


Geo. C. Cabell, - 

Major " 


R. B. Marye, 

1st Lieut. P. 

A., Orange C. H. 

Edwin Barbour, - 

2 Lieut. " 

" Culpeper C. H. 

R. II. Burks, 

Captain " 

u Botetourt. 

Benj. W. Leigh, - 

Capt. P. 

A., Richmond, 

John C. Maynard, 

1st Lieut. " 


Edmund Goode, - 

1st Lieut. " 

" Liberty. 

G. G. Otey, - 

1st Lieut. " 


J. Waddell, - 

1st Lieut. " 

" Waynesboro ugh. 

C. W. McDonald, - 

2nd Lieut. " 

" • Winchester. 

Thos. B. Hamilton, 

U << 11 

" Gauley Bridge. 

W. R. Whitehead, 

1st Lieut. " 

" Suffolk. 

F. W. Smith, 


" Norfolk. 

A. C. Moore, 

Col. of Vol's 

i, Wytheville. 

Opie Staite, - 

1st Lieut. P. 

A. Do. 

H. Tudor Tucker, 

1st Lieut. P. A., Winchester, now in Richmoi 

Ro. E. Carson, 

L't-Col. of Vol's, Abingdon. 

Wm. Watts, - 

Major Vol '8, 


Israel Green, 

Capt. P. A. 



I nominate to the Council for Chaplains the following ministers. 1861- 

May 25th, 1861. John Letcher. 

Rev'd Henry A. Wise. 
" Wm. A. Smith, M. D. 

" S. S. Lambeth, - - - Harper's Ferry. 

" J. H. Bowcock, D. D., - - Cuipeper C. H. 

James Moore, - - Wheeling. 

Jno. W. Harrow, - - Middlesex. 

u Jno. Teiling, - - - Richmond. 

" M. D. Hoge, - - - Richmond. 

" John C. McCabe. 


Rev. Tho's L. Preston, Lexington : 

1861, May 27th. The Council unanimously advise these ap- 
pointments to be made. 

P. F. Howard, 
Secretary of Council. 

Chas. Bell Gibson to the Governor. 

Recommending John C. Mayo, of Orange, for position of Assist. Sur- May 25, 
geon in the volunteer forces of Va. Richmond 

H. H. Wright to the Governor. 

Complaining that the commission given ay third Assist. Engineer of May 25, 
the Navy of Va. places him in a lower rank than he held in the U. S. Norfolk 

T. J. Jackson to the Governor. 

Recommending W. S. H. Baylor, late Col. of the Augusta Reg't, for May 25, 
appointment to a Colonelcy in the provisional army. Harper's 

Benj. Huger to Gen'l Lee. 

Reporting arrival and taking command. Wishes to be consulted as May 25, 
to future appointments of men who are to serve under him. Norfolk 


Charles B. Ball to the Governor. 

1861. Resigning position as Paymaster in the active volunteer forces of the 

R^chm^d 8tate of Vir e inia - 

Geo. W. Grice to Lieut. Col. Heth. 

May 27, Asking to have the appointment previously given him by Major Gen'l 
Portsmouth w Gwylm fl8 Capt an( j Assist. Quarter Master confirmed. 

W. B. Blair to the Governor. 

May 27, Advising the employment of men from civil life to act as Clerks in 
Richmond ^ ie Commissary Department with salaries not exceeding fifteen hundred 
dollars per annum. 

In Council, Afay 27th, 1861. 

The council unanimously advise that the Board of Visitors be re- 
quested to establish at the University of Virginia a laboratory in con- 
nection with the Ordnance Department of the State for the purpose of 
assisting in the preparation of munitions of war, and that this duty of 
superintendence and management be assigned to professors to whom no 
additional compensation shall be given. 

From the minutes. 

P. F. Howard, 

Secretary of the Council. 

James H. Gilmon to the Governor. 

May 27* Forwarding petitions of two companies of volunteers from Washing- 

S^^^cio *° n ^°' ^ or ^* e a PP omtraen * °f Hon. S. V. Fulkerson as Colonel of the 
Reg't raised in Washington, Russell, Scott and Lee. 

S. Barron to the Governor. 

May 27, Soliciting commissions for Lieut's Edward L. Winder and Win, A. 
Richmond Webbj late of the u# g. Navy ; also for Midshipman M. P. Goodwyn. 

List of nine men nominated for commissions in the provisional army 
of Virginia May ?8th, 1861, is on file. 


Advice of Council relative to organization of volunteers, <fec, in A ceo- isfii. 
mack and Northampton. 

May 28th, 1861. 

U. E. Withers, Colonel Second Regiment Virginia Volun- 
teers, to the Governor. 

Soliciting appointment for Abner Anderson as Quarter master and May 28, 
Commissary for hi* command. Richmond 

W. L. Carell to Governor. 

Re|M>rting 2,400 muskets en mute to Richmond and 54,200 Cartridges May 28, 
also on route. Richmond 

List of fourteen men nominated for commissions in Provisional army 
on file May 28th, 1861. 

S. Barron to the Governor. 

Soliciting commissions for James A. Semple as paymaster, and Lieut. May 28, 
Leonard H. Lyne, previously accepted. Richmond 

Julien I. Mason, S. Welford Corbin and Henry V. Turner 

to the Governor. 

Ask leave to form themselves into a Guerrilla Company for service on ^lay 29, 
the Potomac and Rappahannock rivers, and solicit suitable arms for that 

R. H. Chilton to Col. R. 8. Garnktt, Adj't Gen'l. 

Resigning commission as Col. of Cavalry in the Provisional Army of May 29, 
Va., having accepted commission as Col. in Adj't General's Department Ashland 
of the Confederate States. 

Oliver A. Patton to the Governor. 

Offering services of self and two companies from Kentucky to serve May 29, 
Va. if they can be armed and equipped on arrival. Covington, 

18 y * 


J. H. Tucker to the Governor. 

18«>1. Soliciting commission of Capt. and Ass't Quarter Master for H. Tudor 

May 29. ,- , 
Richmond Tucker. 

In Council, May 29th, 1801. 

It was advised unanimously that after this day no more officers for 
the provisional army be appointed, except officers of the late U. S. Army 
who have retired at the invitation contained in the ordinance of the con- 

I nominate for appointment the following persons. 

John Letcher. 

Charles Smith, to be Col. of Vol. 

L. C. H. Finney, " Lt.-Col. Vol. 

R. R. Cary, " Major " 

P. A. Browne, " Asst. Surgeon, with rank Captain. 

R. B. Winder, u 4i Commissary, with rank Captain. 

May 28th, 1861. All of volunteers. 

1861, May 28th. The Council unanimously advise that the appoint- 
ments be made as in the nomination. 

P. F. Howard, 

SecVy of Council. 

The Governor nominated for appointment : 

A. C. Jones, to be Major of Vols. 

C. H. Harrison, to be " 

Wm. H. Keiker, •' 

S. V. Fulkerson, to be Col. of Vols. 

1861, May 28. The Council unanimously advise that the appoint- 
ments be made as in the nomination. 

P. F. Howard, 

SecVy Council. 

a u u 

Ethan Allen to the Governor. 

May 29, Application to be reinstated as master Blacksmith at Gosport Navy 
Norfolk Yard> w[ih testimony 


Chas. Bbll Gibson to the Governor. 

Nominating for surgeon to volunteer forces of Va. Dr. Sterling Neblett, 1861. 
Jr., of Lunenburg. Richmond 

Wabrbn Winslow to the Governor. 

Informing of the demand by Gov'r Ellis of North Carolina for that May 30, 
part of the machinery from Harper's Ferry destined for North Carolina. jjc 

Charles' Bell Gibson, Surgeon-General, to the Council. 

I have to-day received directions from your Board, through Mr. How- May 30, 
aid, Secretary of the Council, to report "the names and disposition of all Rlchmon<i 
the officers appointed in this department; and also as far as practicable, 
the residences of the same." 

I have the honor to submit the accompanying lists of Surgeons and 
Assistant-Surgeons, in accordance with your order. 

Very respectfully, 

Your ob'd't serv't. 










1 Black, Harvey. 

2 Cullen, J. S. D 

3 , Claiborne, John H.. 

4 Cox, Richard H 

Crenshaw, (). H.... 

Campbell, E. M , 

Chancella, O. W.... 
Carrington, W. A... 


Montgomery Co. 



King & Queen Co 


Abingdon .... 
Alexandria .. 
Charlotte Co. 

Cainm, Edward — 

Dunn, James 

Fisher, Sam'l B — 
Grymes, Win. T... 

Haller, Jacob 

Hunter, John A... 
Houston, M. H — 
Kemper, Ch's R ... 

Lewis, M. M 

MeGuire, H. II ... 

McConkey, S. A I 

McDonald, Gabriel.-! 

Moffat t y S. H i 

McAlpine, J. H 

Moore, William 

Meredith, Sam'l 

Owen, Win. Otway.. 

Newman, G. S 

IVachy, St. George- 
Rives, Landon 

Randolph, W. C. N.. 

Southgate, Rob't 

Scott, Martin P 

Smith, J. P 

Semple, J. W 

Thomhill,G. W 

Urquhart, T. H 

Walton, R. P 

Wood, E. N 

Walke, J. W 


Davidson, H. G 








Rappahannock ... 



Montgomery Co... 



Prince** Anne 




Orange Co 





Fauquier Co ' 








Sweet Springs 


Harper's Ferry, 5th Infantry. 
Manassas Station, 1st Reg. Va. Vols- 
Near Norfolk, Col. Weisiger's Reg't. 
Gloucester Point, Col. Taliaferro's 

Near Norfolk, Col. Colston's comm'd. 
Harper's Ferry, 1st Cavalry. 
Manassas Station, Col. Strange. 
Hermitage Fair Grounds, 5th Reg't, 

Va. Vols. 
Williamsburg, Col. Kwell*8 comm'd. 
Norfolk, Col. Pryor's Regiment, 
Manassas Station. 
Harper's Ferry. 

Harper's Ferry, Kentucky Battalion. 
Not assigned. 
Not assigned. 
Culpeper C. H. 

Manassas Station, Alezand. Troops. 
Harper's Ferry. Medical Director. 
Lynchburg, Cbl. Robt. Preston's Reg. 
Kanawha, Col. Tompkin's command. 
Harper's Ferry. 
Not assigned. 

Norfolk, sick troops in Norfolk. 
Lynchb'g, Col. Radford's Rangers. 
Lynch b'g, Medical Director. 
Harper's Ferry, 4th Infantry. 
Hermitage F. Grounds. Hospital. 
Caiiin at Ashland, Cavalry. 
Artillery at Bapt. Coll'eCnimborazo. 
Med. Director at Norfolk. 
Williamsburg, 3rd Reg. Va. Vols. 
Hospital at Winchester. 
Manassas Station. 

Manassas Station, 2d Reg. Va. Vols. 
Jamestown, 4th Reg. Va. Vols 
Hermitage F. G., fith Reg. Va. Vols. 
Not assigned. 
Harper's Ferry. 

These Surgeons are attached to the Volunteer Forces of Virginia. 





1 Smith, Charles II.... Late U. S. Army.. Medical Purveyor, Richmond. 

2 Wall, Asa Late IT. S. Army.. Medical Purveyor, Winchester. 

These Surgeons are attached to the Provisional Army of Virginia. 





1 Baldwin, Cornelius.. Winchester Harper's Ferry. 

2 Barrett, Rd LouisaC.H Harp. Ferry. 

3 Baylor, John C Norfolk Duty with Inspector Gen 1., Norfolk. 

4 Berkeley, T. A Staunton i Harp. Ferry, 1st Infantry. 

b Blackford. Benj Lynchburg Manassas, Col. Garland's Reg. 

6 Bowyer, E. F Fincastle Lynchb'g, Col. Radford's Reg. 

7 Braxton, T King William Co. Staunton. 

s Browne, P. F Accomac C. II Eastern Shore, Aceomao and North- 

!» Chalmers, II. C Halifax Manassas, Col. Garland's Reg. 

10 Crockett, Joseph Wytheville Harper's Ferry, 5th Infantry. 

11 Cunningham, F. D.. Richmond Acquia Creek, Lt.-Col. Cary's Com'd. 

12 Dashiell, T. K Suffolk Norfolk, Tanner's X Roads. 

13 Dove, James Richmond Not assigned. 

14 Drew, Edw. C Richmond Gloucester Pt. Col. Taliaferro's Com'd. 

15 Fontaine, John B... Louisa Cavalry at Manassas S. 

W Gait, G. A. D ' Portsmouth Norfolk, Battery at Boush Bluff. 

17 Gait. James D Norfolk Norfolk. 

1$ Gordon, J. C Albemarle Co Craney Island. 

19 Harrison, G. T- Albemarle Co Not assigned. 

20 Hammell G. A Martinsburg Harp. Ferrv, 1st Artillery. 

21 Hill, Wm. 0~ Harrisonburg Harp. F. 

22 Hunter, T. L King George Co... Cavalry Camp, Ashland. 

23 Joynes, L. S« Richmond Surg.-Genl. office, Richmond. 

24 Keys, John Bristol (Goodson).' West Point, Col. Tompkin's Com'nd. 

25 Lewis, (t. W~ Westmoreland King Geo. Court Houhc 

2fl Lewis, R. S Culpeper C. H , Harper's Ferry, 4th Infantry. 

ft Mason, A. S Freaericksburg ... Camp Mercer," Frod'ks'bg. 

'> Maury, T. F Caroline 1st Keg. Va. Vols., Manama**. 

2» Morton, C B Culpeper Not assigned. 

30 Nash, II. M Norfolk Norfolk Harbour. 

31 Page, Ishaui R I^exington 2d Keg. Va. Vols. Manassas S. 

32 Page, R. P Clarke Co Norfolk, Col. Mahone's Reg't. 

33 Powell, A. H Loudoun Co Manassas Station. 

M Randolph, A. C ! Jefferson Harper's Ferry, 1st Cavalry. 

35 Rives, Edward 
38 Read, N. M 
37 Starke, Geo. C 

Roanoke Lynchburg, Col. Preston's Reg't. 

Henry Co Culpeper C. H. 

Hicksford Jamestown. 

45 Taylor, J. B. 

46 Trist, H. B.. 

3s Swann, S. R- j Red Sulph. Spgs.. Kanawha, Col. Tompkins' Comm'nd. 

a» Sayers, L. R | Wytheville Harper's Ferry. 

40 Straith, S. A Winchester Harper's Ferry. 

41 Snowden, H j Alexandria Manassas, Alexandria Troops. 

42 &unders, Walton...; Loretto, Essex Lowery's P't, Battery, Col. Ruggles. 

43 Taylor, R. K ! Fluvanna Inspection duty, Richmond. 

44 Tnplett, W. H ! Shenandoah Harper's Ferry, 2 Infantry. 

Craig Co 4th Reg. Va. Vol., Jamestown. 

Alexandria Artillery Camp, Bapt. Coll. 

47 . Turner, W. D Petersburg Norfolk, Assist. Med. Director. 

48 Taylor, Archibald... Charles City Grafton. 

49 Temple, T. P Hanover Yorktown. 

50 Withers, J. T Pulaski Co 3rd reg. Va. Vols., Williamsburg. 

51 White, Jas. L Abingdon Not assigned. 

52 Yost, Fielding- Marion Co Grafton. 

53 Walls, J. Wm Winchester Harper's Ferry. 

54 Wiley, J. B Amelia 6th Reg. Va. Vols., Hermitage F.Gds. 

35 White, Isaac ; UpshurCo Grafton. 

y* Meade, Bayliss Amelia Lexington, Military Post. 

57 Dennis, J. M Christiansburg 5th Reg. Va. Vols., Hermitage F. G. 

•V* • Mason, Edmunds...* Brunswick , Norfolk, Fort Norfolk. 

The above Assistant-Surgeons are attached to the Vol. service. 


1861. ASSISTANT SU RG EONS.— Continued. 


51) Kellum, James Unknown 


Fort Powhatan, Maj. William's Com. 

Thin Assist .-Surg, ia attached to the Provisional Army of Va. 

Charles Bell Gibson. to the Governor. 

May JU), Recommending appointment of Dr. J. \V. Clemens of Wheeling, as 
Richmond . . . . . <. - T 

surgeon in the provisional army of \ a. 

In Council, May Slst, 1861. 

The Council unanimously advise that the Governor request an early 

interview between the President and the Governor and Council, in order 

to ascertain what disposition should be made of the officers of the army 

and navy who have retired from the service of the late United States 

and are now in the service of the state of Virginia. 

From the minutes. 

P. ¥,. Howard, 

SecYy of Council. 
Approved : 

John Lktchek. 

In Counvil, May 3M, 1861. 

The Governor nominated to the Council Rev. E. J. Willis, John C. 
Johnson, Win. J. Hoge, Rob. L. Dabney, and P. Slaughter, for Chaplains. 

Advised unanimously that the nominees be appointed Chaplains of 


From the minutes. 

P. F. Howard, 

SVt'y Council. 

Under the ordinance passed April 24th, 1861, No. 16, I nominate W. 

H. Taylor and Clifton H. Smith as Assistant Adj't-Generals, with the 

rank of Captains. 

John Letcher. 

1861, May 31st. The Council unanimously advise that the nominees 

be appointed. 

P. F. Howard, 

SVt'y of Council. 


In Council, May 31st, 1861. 

Advised unanimously that the Governor give orders that the Acting 1861. 
Quarter master General to have prepared shoes and other necessary 
articles of clothing, required for the use of troops in the field, and sup- 
ply them upon the usual requisition, the cost of which shall be charged 
on the company pay-rolls against those receiving the same. 

From the minutes. 

P. F. Howard, 

S'cVy Council. 
Approved : 

John Letch kk. 

In Mathews County Quarterly Court, May, 1861: 

Resolved, that Waller G. Lane be appointed a Commissioner to 
confer with the Governor of Virginia in behalf of this county, and to 
represent the importance of providing the means of our defence, and 
request the Governor in view of our exposed condition to order out at 
least two companies on state account, composed of our volunteers, who 
being furnished with proper arms shall be directed under the orders of 
the Commandant of this Regiment to guard the County against any 
attacks of the enemy, and that he request the Governor to authorize 
said Commandant to increase the force at his discretion as necessity may 

A Copy — Teste: 

Widliam H. Miller, D. Clerk. 

A. R. Chisholm to Col. Lay. 

Reporting the names of cadets of the last graduating class as were j une i 
employed by Brig. General Beauregard as instructors of artillery in the 
Charleston Harbor, viz: W. B. Guirard, James Thurston, Alfred Chisolm, 

Palmer, Walker, and others not remembered. Drew pay as 

1st Lieutenants. 

Tiios. J. Randolph, Rector Board Visitors University Vir- 
ginia, to the Governor. 

Soliciting in the name of the Board of Visitors a supply of muskets June 1, 
for the class of Tactics, and for one or more cannon for use of school in Ric hmond 
artillery drill. With a letter of John B. Baldwin containing same request. 



George F. Akers to Dr. Paul F. Eve. 

1861. Reporting a fight at Fairfax C. H. between company of U. S. Dragoo mis 

Manassas an( * tne Warren ton Rifles, in which Capt. Marr of the Rifles was killecf - 

William Smith to the Governor. 

June 3, Soliciting an appointment of Brig'r General of Volunteers of Virginia. 

Jane 3, 

James Maurice to the Governor. 
Solicits appointment as pay master in the army with testimonials. 

1861, May 28th. 

The Council unanimously advise that it be recommended to the (bun- 
ties on the Eastern Shore to preserve a vigilant military patrol, to extin- 
guish all their lights, and to encourage the enterprise of their citizens to 
introduce such munitions of war as may be wanted for their own use or 
that of the army of the State. It is not deemed expedient to make 
reprisals, to engage in any active military demonstrations, or to arrest or 
otherwise interfere at present with the disaffected in their midst, unless 
they should make some open demonstrations to resist the authorities of 
the State. It is further advised that the Governor appoint a Colonel, 
Lieutenant-Colonel, Major, Assistant Quartermaster, and Surgeon of 
Volunteers, and that the field officers appointed be authorized to organ- 
ize volunteer companies of cavalry, infantry, and riflemen, to muster 
them into the service of the state, and to employ said companies in the 
defence of their counties, and in resisting all aggressions upon their 
rights from abroad in the mode best calculated to secure the public 
peace and safety. 

It is further advised that copies of the acts of the Convention of the 
State be sent to these counties, and that the attention of the military be 
distinctly called to the provisions of the ordnance authorizing the Gov- 
ernor to call out volunteers, from which it appears that said volunteers 
are not to be under the command of military officers of the State unless 
the military be called into active service. The senior officers of volun- 
teers will command the battalion thus mustered into service, and will 
report from time to time as the exigencies may require, the condition of 
affairs in said counties to the Governor of Virginia. 

Approved: P. F. Howard, 

John Letcher. Secretary of the Council. 

May 29th, 1861. 


May 28th, 1861. 

The Governor nominated to the Council the following persons for the 
positions assigned : 


Warner M. Hopkins, 

2nd Lieut., 



E. C. Robinson, 




RB. Davis, - 




J. B. Brokenbrough, 

1st Lieut., 



Henry Hunter, 




Powhatan R. Clarke, 

2nd Lieut, 



T. M. Semroes, 

1st Lieut., 



Lewis Randolph, 




Geo. H. Smith, 




Thos. S. B. Tucker, - 

2nd Lieut., 



Jas. W. Sweeney, 




W. F. Coleman, 

2nd Lieut., 



Herbert Bryan, 




J. T. Cowan, 




Advised that the appointments be made. 

P. F. Howard, 
SecVy of the Council. 


Richmond, June 4t\ 1861. 

The Committee appointed by resolution of Council of 3rd inst. to 
confer with the President of the Confederate States on certain points 
embraced in the terms of the resolution adopted, beg leave to report : 

1. That the President is willing to accept the tender of services of the 
Volunteers of Virginia by companies, battalions, squadrons, or regiments, 
and if by regiments reserving to the State the appointment of all regi- 
mental officers, this reservation giving to the State no power to appoint 
general or staff officers. 

2. That the President is unwilling to bind himself by any pledge or 
other obligation with respect to the officers of the army and navy of the 
United States who have retired or may retire therefrom, and have 
entered or may enter the service of the State of Virginia beyond that 
implied in his note to the Governor of Virginia of June 2nd, 1861, here- 
with submitted as a part of this report. By this letter it is understood 
that the President does not feel himself bound to issue commissions to 
the officers of the army and navy of the United States who have entered 
or may enter the service of Virginia, or to follow the rule prescribed by 

the ordinance of convention in reference to their relative rank when 



1861. they are appointed into the Confederate service. He may reverse the 
grade of these officers by appointing an officer now of inferior rank to a 
higher grade than another officer who may have ranked him in the U. 
S. service; but whenever officers are appointed to the same grade their 
relative rank will not be reversed. 

3. The President signifies his willingness to accept the services of the 
officers, seamen and marines of the Virginia navy as troops of Virginia 
now in service for the war. 

4. The President is willing to accept the services of the Virginia troops 
by the mustering rolls of the Virginia mustering officers without the 
necessity of a re-muster, and he deems a general order from the Gover- 
nor of Virginia directing a transfer to his authority of all the military 
and naval forces of the State as expedient, that he may be formally 
invested with the authority conferred upon him as President by the 
Provisional Constitution of the Confederate States. 

In submitting this report this committee do not wish to be considered 
as agreeing to or dissenting from the positions assumed by the President. 

John J. Allen, 
Francis H. Smith, 
M. F. Maury. 

L. P. Walker, Sec'y War Confederate States, to the Governor. 
June 6, The Convention entered into on the 25th of April, 1861, between the 


Commonwealth of Virginia and the Confederate States, contained the 
following stipulation : " Until the union of said Commonwealth with said 
Confederacy shall be perfected, and said Commonwealth shall berome a 
member of said Confederacy, according to the constitutions of both 
powers, the whole military force and militnn* operations, offensive and 
defensive of said Commonwealth in the impending conflict with the 
United States shall be under the chief control and direction of the Presi- 
dent of said Confederate States upon the same principles, basis and foot- 
ing as if said Commonwealth were now and during the interval a mem- 
ber of said Confederacv." 

By the terms of this convention the control of the military operations 
within this state is explicitly transferred to the Confederate Government. 
It is the desire of the President to assume this control according to the 
spirit of the convention without delay. I, therefore, feel it my duty to 
invite your attention to this matter and to request that the military force 
now in the service of the State of Virginia, be placed under the direction 
and made subject to the orders of the President of the Confederate 
States. Until this is done that unity and harmony of action so essen- 
tial to success can hardly be attained. 

I am, <fec. 


William W. Henry to the Governor. 

Tendering services, except as a soldier, to the State without compensa- 1861. 

. June 5, 

toon- Charlotte 

C. H. 

Edward D. Christian to the Governor. 

Suggesting a mode of compelling men to enter the military srrvice of June 5, 
the State who have not done so. l-y««-"»Mir. 

S. Barron to the Governor. 

The Government of the Confederate States having determined by an June 5, 
Act approved May 20th, 18(51, to appoint to the Navy of the Confederate 
States all officers of the United States Navy who may have resigned on 
account of the secession of any of their states, and who may apply for 
such appointment as will more fully appear by a reference to said Act 
which is hereto appended, and the people of the State of Virginia having 
ratified the ordinance of secession and thus given full effect to the act of 
the Convention uniting that State to the Confederate States under its 
provisional constitution, we, the undersigned officers now holding com- 
missions in the Virginia State Navy, conceive that we should best serve 
her by offering our services to the Confederacy of which she is now a 
member according to the terms of the act to which we have just referred. 

But holding ourselves to be bound to serve our State in whatever 
capacity she may prefer, we have thought it proper to take no step 
which might vacate the commissions now held in her name, without the 
assent and advice of the Executive Department of her government. 

We therefore respectfully ask the assent if it be deemed proper to 
give it, of your Excellency the Governor and of the Honorable Council 
to such an application on our part as the law of the Confederate States 
makes necessary, for an admission into the Navy of the Confederate 
States of which Virginia is now a member. 

*A list of all the officers of the Virginia Navy, showing the grade and 
rank of each, and who .up to the present moment have been commis- 
sioned and warranted, is herewith enclosed. 

[♦Not found.— Ed.] 

In Council, June 6th, 1861. 

Advised unanimously that the Governor forward to the Honorable 
Secretary of the Navy the list of the officers of the Virginia Navy, with 


1861. the accompanying application in their name for commissions in the Con- 
June 5, federate service according to the invitation of the Honorable Secretary 
of the 4th inst., and the provisions of the act therein recited. 

Moreover, considering that Virginia has received into her Navy cer- 
tain officers, who, according to the terms of the confederate law, do not 
appear to be included in the invitation of the Honorable Secretary, but 
whose services, nevertheless, were held by the State to be important and 
necessary in hastening forward the preparations for the common defence^ 
it is further advised that the Governor recommend those officers for com- 
missions in the Confederate Navy who are not embraced by the aforesaid 
act to serve during the war or for such time as the public weal may re- 

From the minutes. 

P. F. Howard, 

Secretarv of the council. 

Approved, and Col. Munford will send the list* accompanied by this 


John Letcher. 
[* Not found.— Ed.] 

Wm. D. Branch (Mayor) to the Governor. 

June 7, Some seventy free negroes of this city have offered their services 

Lynchburg t,h roU gn me to you to serve the State. Are their services needed? If so, 
I can get them together subject to your orders. They may, perhaps, 
render acceptable service is throwing up breast-works at Manassas Gap. 
Charles Scott, Esqr., an enterprising citizen of this city, agrees if their 
services are needed to take them where they may be directed and put 
them to work. 

I am, cVrc. 

A. A. Chapman to the Governor. 

June 8, Asking that arms and ammunition be furnished to that county. Large 

Monroe Co. numbers of men ready to use them in defence of the State. 

8. Barron to the Governor. 

June 8, Advising the purchase of Steamer " Logan " from the Bait. & Fred- 

Richmond ericksburg Steam Boat Co. for the service of the State. 


James F. Harrison, late Surgeon U. S. Navy, to the Gov- 

Tendering services as surgeon in the Navy of the Confederacy. 1861. 

June 10. 

R. Snowden Andrews to the Governor. 

Soliciting a commission as Major of Cavalry being formed under Lt. June 11, 
Col. Jenifer. Recommended by Col. Jenifer. Richmond 

June 11th, 1861. June 11, 
I nominate for the places designated, the persons in this list. 

John Letcher. 

It. Milton Cary, promoted to Colonel. 

John R. Chambliss, Jr., Do. Do. 

Jessee Burks, to be Colonel, Liberty, Va. 

R. M. Conn, Do. Woodstock, Va. 

Wm. C. Scott, Do. 

\V. S. H. Baylor, promoted to Lt. Colonel. 

Wm. Munford, 

James W. Massie, u " 

James L. Hubard, " " " 

A. F. Harrison, u ' " 

A. G. Taliaferro, " " " Rapid Ann, Culpeper. 

John Seddon to be Major Vols. 

Wm. H. Wheelright, " 

J. H. Pendleton, 

P. H. Moore, 

Draper Camden, 

J. H. McRae, " " 

Confirmed previously : 
E. C. Edmonds, promoted to Colonel. 
Powhatan B. Whittle, to be Lieut.-Colonel. 
Isaac Carrington, to be Major. 

I have considered it proper to announce my determination to the rep- 
resentatives of the people that they may be advised of the reasons for my 
absence during their session. 

The Journal of the Council will furnish full information in regard to 
all that has been done during the recess since your adjournment, and to 
it I beg leave to call your attention. 


« a 

u u 

u u 


1861 I transmit herewith a list of nominations for the office of Colonel, 

Richmond which have been confirmed by the Council, and which, under an ordinance 
adopted by you, are submitted for your approval. 

Gentlemen of the Convention: 

It is deemed advisable that I shall accompany the troops now on 
their march to Northwestern Virginia, and I have, therefore, determined 
to leave this city on Saturday morning next, a day sufficiently early to 
enable mc to overtake them at Crabb-bottom, in the County of Highland. 
At a crisis like this, it is the duty of every Citizen of the Commonwealth, 
and especially of her officers, to take such position and perform such duty 
as will most likely to advance the common interest and preserve the unity 
of the state. Influenced by these considerations and discarding everything 
that looks to personal convenience and comfort, I have determined to follow 
the line of duty in the redemption both in letter and spirit of the obligations 
voluntarily assumed during my canvass and since my elevation to the chief 
magistracy of this Commonwealth. 

[The two last preceding papers are evidently in the hand-writing of 
Gov'r Letcher, and are endorsed as his own June 12th, 1861, though 
without signature. — Ed.] 

The Governor having nominated to the Council E. C. Edmonds, to be 
Colonel of Volunteers; Promotion, Powhatan B. Whittle, to be Lt. Col. of 
Volunteers ; Isaac Carrington, to be Major of Volunteers. 

Advised unanimously that these appointments be made. 

P. F. Howard, Sect'y of Council. 

Ex kcuti ve Department. 

Richmond, June, 12th, 1861. 

The duties involved in supplying the troops in the field with small 
arms, field artillery and ammunition therefor, requiring a division of labor, 
the following order is issued : 

The Colonel of ordnance of Virginia will continue to attend to the issue 
of arms, both artillery and small arms belonging to this State, and to the 
manufacture of field carriages and caisons. 

The making up of all kind of ammunition including the manufacture 
of percussion caps and the issuing of the same will be attended to by the 
ordnance department of the Southern Confederacy, for which purpose 


so much of the ammunition as is now on hand at the armory, and the 1861. 
present accommodation for further manufacture of ammunition as is now Rich,non " 
appropriated for that purpose by this State, be turned over to the Confed- 
erate authorities during the continuance of the war, the proper officer 
thereof giving his receipt for the ammunition and materials now on hand, 
designating therein what portions thereof were acquired from the United 
States. The ammunition now on hand with the materials to make more 
other than such obtained from the United States to be paid for by the 
Confederate Government 

You will make the necessary arrangements to carry out the foregoing 

John Lktchkr. 

Col. Chas. Dimmock, 

Chief of Ordnance of Va. 

Isham G. Harris, Governor Tenn., to the Governor. 

Soliciting any part of the machinery for manufacturing rifle muskets June 13, 
captured at Harper's Ferry not needed by Virginia for furnishing a man- ^J n e ' 
ufactory at Nashville. 

In Council, June, 18th, 186 L June 18, 


Advised unanimously that the Governor communicate to his Excel- 
lency I. G. Harris, Governor of Tennessee the expression of our earnest 
desire to facilitate the object lie contemplates with reference to the estab- 
lishment of a musket factory at Nashville, and to this end that the Sup- 
erintendent of the Virginia armory report forthwith to the Governor of 
Va. whether any parts of the musket machinery captured at Harper's 
Ferry can, without detriment to the State's service, be spared from the 
works contemplated to be erected at the Va. State armory at Richmond, 
and if so what parts can be thus spared. 

From the minutes. 

P. F. Howard, Sect'v of Council. 

Approved, and letter be sent to Col. Dimmock for * report, on the 
coining in of which a reply will be sent to Governor Harris. 

John Letcher. 
[*Not found.— Ed.] 


1861. To the People of Northwestern Virginia. 


By the Governor of Virginia — A Proclamation. 

The sovereign people of Virginia unbiassed and by their own free 
choice have by a majority of nearly one hundred thousand qualified 
voters, severed the ties that heretofore bound them to the government of 
the United States, and united this Commonwealth with the Confederate 
States. That our people have the right "to institute a new government, 
laying its foundations on such principles and organizing its powers in 
such form as to them shall seem most likely to effect their safety and 
happiness," was proclaimed by our fathers, and it is a right which no 
freeman should ever relinquish. 

The State of Virginia has now the second time in her history asserted 
this right, and it is the duty of every Virginian to acknowledge her act 
when ratified by such majority, and to his willing co-operation to make 
good the declaration. All her people have voted, each has taken his 
chance to have his personal views represented. 

You as well as the rest of the State have cast your vote fairly and the 
majority is against you. It is the duty of good citizens to yield to the will 
of the State. The bill of rights "has proclaimed " that the people have a 
right to uniform government, and that, therefore, no government seperate 
from or independent of the government of Virginia ought to be erected 
or established within the limits thereof." The majority thus declared 
therefore have a right to govern. 

But notwithstanding this right that exercise has been regarded by the 
people of all sections of the United States, as undoubted, and sacred, yet 
the government at Washington now utterly denies it, and by the exercise 
of despotic power is endeavoring to coerce our people to abject submis- 
sion to their authority. Virginia has asserted her independence. She will 
maintain it at every hazard. She is sustained by the power of her sister 
Southern States, ready and willing to uphold her cause. Can any true Vir- 
ginian refuse to render assistance ? Men of northwest, I appeal to you by all 
the considerations which have drawn us together, as one people heretofore, 
to rally to the standard of the Old Dominion. 

By all the sacred ties of consanguinity, by the intermixture of blood of 
East and West, by common paternity, by friendships hallowed by the thou- 
sand cherished recollections, by memories of the past, by the relics of the 
great men of other days, come to Virginia's banner and drive the invaders 
from your soil. There may be traitors in the midst of you who for sel- 
fish ends have turned against their mother, and would permit her to be 
ignominiously oppressed and degraded, but I cannot — will not believe 
that a majority of you are not true sons who will give your blood and 
your treasure for Virginia's defence. I have sent for your protection 


such troops as the emergency enabled me to collect in charge of a com- 
petent commander. I have ordered a large force to go to your aid, but 
I rely with the utmost confidence upon your own strong arms to rescue 
your friends and altars from the pollution of a reckless and ruthless 
enemy. The State is invaded at several j>oints, but ample forces have 
been collected to defend her. 

There has been a complaint among you that the Eastern portion of the 
State has enjoyed an exemption from taxation to your prejudice. The 
State by a majority of 95,000 has put the two sections on an equality in 
this respect. By a display of magnanimity in the vote just given, the 
east has, by a large majority, consented to relinquish this exemption 
and is ready to share with you all the burdens of government, and to 
meet all Virginia's liabilities. They come now to aid you as you came 
in former days to aid them. The men of the Southern Confederate States 
glory in coming to your rescue. Let one heart, one mind, one energy, 
one power, nerve every patriot arm in a common cause. The heart that 
will not beat in unison with Virginia now is a traitor's heart ; the arm 
that will not strike home in her cause now is palsied by a coward fear. 

The troops are posted at Huttonsville — come with your own good 
weapons and meet them as brothers. 

Given under my hand and under the seal of the Commonwealth, this 
14th day of June, 1861, and in the 85th year of the Commonwealth. 

John Letcher. 
By the Governor : 

George W. Munford, 

Secretary of the Commonwealth. 



Executive Department, June 14th, 1861. 

Gentlemen of the Convention : 

Col. Thomas T. Fauntleroy was nominated by me as a Brigadier- 
General in the Provisional Army, and Col. Benjamin Huger was nomi- 
nated as Brigadier-General of Volunteers, and both nominations were 
confirmed by the Council. I now communicate those nominations to 
your honorable body, in obedience to an ordinance passed by you, for 
your action. 

In making these nominations to you, I deem it proper to transmit the 
enclosed paper, which embodies my reasons for the action I deemed it 
proper to take in the case of General Fauntleroy. 



John- Letcher. 

June 14, 


June 14, In Council, June 14th, 1861. 


The following advice was unanimously adopted by the Council : 
Whereas the Governor of the Commonwealth, by proclamation of the 
6th inst, has, according to the terms of the Convention between the 
State of Virginia and the Confederate States, formally transferred to the 
President the chief control and direction of the whole military force and 
military operations of the Commonwealth; and whereas the council has 
been informed that it is proposed to disrate certain highly meritorious 
officers of the Virginia Navy by commissions assigning to them in the 
Confederate Navy a lower grade than that held by them in the Virginia 
Navy ; and further, that it is proposed by the Confederate authorities to 
ignore the commissions of certain other officers of the Virginia navy, 
as well as the coast survey and Revenue service ; and whereas the ser- 
vices of every officer and man in the Navy of Virginia are at present re- 
quired to make good the common defence — Therefore, the Council ad- 
vise that the Governor protest in the name oi the. State against such 
action on the part of the Confederate States as detrimental both to the 
State and the public service, and as being at variance with the true spirit 
and intent of said convention, and that he request the President to 
receive all the officers aforesaid as a part of the military force of the 
State and assign them to duty under their Virginia commissions until 
the subject can be brought before Congress and disposed of in such 
manner as they in their wisdom may prescribe ; and further, that the 
Governor communicate to the Convention now in session his action in 
the premises. 

From the minutes. 

P. F. Howard, 
Sec'ty of the Council. 

By the Governor of Virginia — A Proclamation. 

In compliance with the provisions of the Code of Virginia, I have as- 
certained and hereby make proclamation that Alexander R. Holladay, 
Esq'r, has been duly elected a Commissioner of Public Works for the 
Second district, to supply the vacancy created by the expiration of the 
terra of office of the Commissioner heretofore elected for that district. 

Given under <ny N hand as Governor and under the seal of the Com- 
monwealth this 14th day of June, 1861, and in the 85th year of the 

[l. s.] John Letcher. 


By the Governor of Virginia — A Proclamation. 

Whereas the Convention of this Commonwealth, on the 17th day of 1861. 

June 14 
April, 1861, adopted an ordinance to repeal the ratification of the Con- Richmond 

stitution of the United States of America by the State of Virginia, and 
to resume all the rights and powers granted under said Constitution, and 
by a schedule thereto annexed provided for taking the sense of the qual- 
ified voters of this Commonwealth upon the ratification or rejection of 
said ordinance, and directed the Governor to ascertain the vote so taken, 
and without delay to make proclamation of the result, stating therein 
the aggregate vote for and against the ratification. 

And whereas the returns of several Counties have not been received 
and of others cannot be obtained in consequence of the presence of a 
hostile force in the Northwestern portions of the State and of the block- 
ade in the Eastern, and by the returns which have been received, it ap- 
pears that an overwhelming majority of the people have voted for the 
ratification of the said ordinance. 

Now, therefore, I, John Letcher, Governor, in pursuance of the 
authority so given, do hereby proclaim the aggregate vote aforesaid to 
be as follows : 

For Ratification, 125,950 

For Rejection, 20,373 

Majority tor Ratification, ... 105,577 

And to the end, that the entire vote of the State, as far as it can be 
ascertained, may be known to the people, I have estimated the vote of 
the counties from which return? have not been received, taking the same 
from local papers and from sources believed to be correct, or nearly so, 
and ap|>ended it to this proclamation. 

I do, therefore, further declare that the said ordinance has been rati- 
fied by the qualified voters of this Commonwealth and in conformity to 
its provisions I do annex hereto a copy thereof, together with the sched- 
ule accompanying the same. 

And whereas by another Ordinance " for the adoption of the Consti- 
tution for the Provisional Government of the Confederate States of 
America." passed on the 25th of April, 1861, it is provided that the said 
ordinance shall cease to have any legal operation or effect if the people 
of this Commonwealth, upon the vote directed to be taken on the ordi- 
nance of secession, shall reject the same, and it now appearing by the 
said vote that the people have ratified the said ordinance of secession, 
therefore, I do further proclaim that the Constitution of the Provisional 
Government of the Confederate States of America, ordained and estab- 
lished at Montgomery, Alabama, on the eighth day of February, 1861, 


1861. is now in full force in this Commonwealth, and must be respected and 
June 14, A i. Ilft j 
Richmond obeyed. 

Given under my hand as Governor, and under the seal of the Com'lth 
this 14th day of June, 1861, and in the 85th year of the Com'th. 

[l. s.] John Letcher. 

By the Governor: 

Georoe W. Munford, 

Sec'y of the Com'th. 

[The Governor estimated in the counties not heard from the vote to 
be 3,234 for, and 11,961 against the ordinance of secession. — Ed.] 

C. Chapin to the Governor. 

•June 17, Soliciting an appointment in the army of Virginia for son, Gurden, 
Lexington Lieut in y g A 8tat i one( i in New Mexico. 

June 17, I nominate B. \V. Green, assistant surgeon in the Navy, and Charles 
lcnmond g cnroe( j er as f?[ rs t assistant Engineer in the Va. Navy. 

June 17th, 1861. John Letcher. 

Resolved, that the Governor be requested to furnish to the Convention 
a statement of the number and rank of the officers appointed by him 
to the provisional army of Virginia prior to its transfer to the Confed- 
erate States. 

Adopted June 15th, 1861. Jno. L. Eubank, Sec. 

June 17 Executive Department, June 17th, 186 J. 

Gentlemen of the Convention : 

I have the honor to transmit statement of the number and rank of 

the officers appointed to the provisional army of Virginia prior to iis 

transfer to the Confederate States in answer to your resolution of the 

15th inst. 


John Letcher. 

June 17 I nominate to the Council — 

Julius A. D'Lagnel, to be Lt.-Col. P. A., to rank next after Lt.-Col. A. S. 

C. H. Tyler, to be Lt.-Col. P. A., to rank next after Lt.-Col. Dr. D'Lagnel. 


C. W. Field, to be Lt-Col. P. A., to rank next after Lt.-Col. A. Jackson. 1861. 

Israel Green, to be Lt.-Col. P. A., to rank next after Lt.-Col. Ro. John- JumH? 

John Pegram, to he Lt-Col. P. A., to rank next after Lt-Col. J. E. B. 


June 17th, 1861. John Lktcher. 

In Council, June lStii, 1861. 

Advised unanimously that the Governor employ one or more com- 
petent persons to purchase under proper limitations as to price all the 
double-barrel shot-guns that can be procured for the use of the Virginia 

From the minutes. 

P. F. Howard, 

Secretary of Council. 

John Letcher. 

Governor Letcher to tue Constitutional Convention. 

Justice to the Executive and those who have been associated with him June \\ 
in the administration of the State Government, imperatively demands 
that a full detail of all that has been done shall be submitted to the 
Convention in order that it may have a place upon the public records 
and thus go down to posterity. The present is an occasion of deep 
interest and importance in the history of the State, and I trust therefore 
that this detail of fact? sustained by proofs that cannot be gainsaid or 
controverted, will not be considered as untimely or out of place. 

In my inaugural message 1 embraced the opportunity to advise the 
General Assembly that it was their duty to place the State in such a con- 
dition that she will be prepared at all times and upon the shortest notice 
to protect the honor, and defend her rights, and maintain her institutions 
again 9t all assaults of her enemies. With thi* view I recommend a 
careful revision of the militia laws, and in this connection I suggest that 
munitions of war be procured and provision be made for the organization 
of an efficient military stiff. I recommend at the same time the passage 
of a bill "for the organization of a brigade of minute men, and furnished 
the draft of a bill for the accomplishment of this object. 

On the 21st of January, 1861, the General Assembly passed an act 
making an appropriation of one hundred and eighty thousand dollars 
to purchase such arms, equipment and munitions as may be required 
for the immediate use of the State. This sum was to be expended under 
the direction of a commission to be appointed by the Executive, »xi& 


1861. consisted of Col. P. St. Geo. Cocke, Major Geo. W. Randolph and Col. F. 

Jane 17 jj Smith, who were appointed immediately after the passage of the act 

and entered upon the discharge of their duties. No men were ever 

more prompt and faithful in the performance of a public duly, and their 

action received the approval of the General Assembly. 

Out of this appropriation, thirteen rifle cannon, five thousand percus- 
sion muskets, revolvers, cavalry sabres, fifty thousand pounds of powder 
and other articles were purchased; the entire sum was expended as will 
fully appear from the report of Major Randolph made to the General 
Assembly on the 1st day of April last, and herewith transmitted. 

By an act passed January 29th, 1861. it was made the duty of the 
Colonel of ordnance, under direction of the Governor, to procure the 
necessary arms, equipments and munitions, and to buy materials therefor 
and to contract for altering and improving cannon and small arms, and 
to purchase machinery and materials therefor. The act appropriates 
$800,000 to accomplish thes€ purposes. Col. Charles Dimmock was 
nominated to the Senate and confirmed as a Col of ordnance, and imme- 
diately entered upon the discharge of his duties. His report herewith 
transmitted (Appendix H,) will shew what was done under this act. 

By the same act the Governor is authorized to employ an Engineer to 
plan and construct coast, harbor and river defences, and to execute the 
same if approved by the Governor. For this position Col. Talcott was 
selected, and he has been most industriously and energetically employed 
in the discharge of his important duties. The act also provided for the 
construction of three arsenals in different sections of the State, and for 
the purposes mentioned in this paragraph the sum of 8200,000 was ap- 
propriated. Under this act the atnount appropriated could not be raised 
in the usual mode by the sale of State bonds, the bonds having depre- 
ciated twenty per cent, or more and our law prohibiting the sale at less 
than their par value. 

Hence an act was passed on the 14th day of March thereafter autho- 
rizing the issue of one million of dollars of Treasury notes. This act 
authorizing the Governor to direct the Auditor to borrow from the State 
from time to time the sum aforesaid, and to issue treasury notes there- 
for. Under the act the banks were authorized to discount or purchase 
such treasury notes. 

The Convention subsequently, by an ordinance passed April 30th, 
1861, authorized the Governor to raise for the defence of the State, by 
treasury notes, a sum not exceeding two millions of dollars. These 
notes are made payable to bearer, and are redeemable one year after 
their dates, and when paid are to be cancelled, and reissues are autho- 
rized for a like amount. 

In less than one week after the passage of the Ordinance of Secession, 
the Navy Department was fully and effectively organized, and the report 


of Capt. Barron, the officer in charge (which is herewith transmitted 1861. 
and will be found in the appendix marked C), shews what has been June 17 
done in an incredibly short time. 

The State has had full work for all the officers, seamen, and marines 
embraced in this organization, and all, so far as I know and believe 
have worked laboriously, cheerfully, and effectively. 

Besides the laborious work of removing the heavy guns and other 
munitions from the navy yard to the various points upon our rivers at 
which the batteries are located, we have had to construct the gun car- 
riages and to provide the necessary fixed ammunition for the batteries. 
Those batteries are in good order and are effectually manned. 

The fact that these guns weigh from five to ten thousand pounds each, 
with transportation essentially by land, will shew the amount of labor 
required to get them in position. 

Besides the steam frigate Merrimac, which had been sunk hy the 
Federal Authorities and burned to the water'* edge when they deserted 
the navy yard, has been raised and is now in the Naval Dry Dock un- 
dergoing repairs. An effective battery has been placed on board the 
frigate United States, and the navy yard itself is well prepared for vig- 
orous defence. 

At Richmond the steamer Yorktown has been nearly completed as a 
war steamer, and a steam tug bought by the State has been completely 
fitted up. These will soon be ready to co-operate with the other mili- 
tary oj>eration3, and will be prepared to render efficient service. 

l*rovi*ional Army. — Appointments in the higher grades were confined 
to retired officers of the army who had left the service of the United 
States. To carry into immediate effect the provisions for recruiting, 
appointments were made for a number of first and second Lieutenants, 
nearly one-half of whom are graduates of the Virginia Military Insti- 
tute, and they have been distributed throughout the State on recruiting 
service. It is now satisfactorily ascertained that while the volunteer 
organization is so actively pressed, as it now is in our State, it is impos- 
sible to raise the ten thousand men proposed by the ordinance. One 
Regiment, perhaps, may be raised. 

To give employment to. the young officers, the commanding General 
has made good use of them in organizing and drilling the volunteers 
as they were received at the various camps of instruction. As many of 
them as may be required for this and the Engineer service may be re- 
tained with advantage until their services shall be no longer necessary — 
the remainder might be disbanded after organizing the companies 
already recruited. 

The report of Major-General Lee is herewith transmitted, and I com- 
mend it to the attention of the Convention. It presents information 
that cannot fail to be interesting and instructive, as it shews the progress 


1861. of our military matters since the ordinance of secession was passed. 
June 17 (Appendix D.) 

The Harper's Ferry machinery and the disposition made of it, was 
the subject of a previous communication, and to that and the accompa- 
nying papers I refer. 

I transmit a copy of the proclamation turning over the military 
power of the State to the Confederate States. The terms are satisfactory, 
so far as I know or believe* to both sides. (Appendix F.) 

The intercourse between the council and the Executive has been of 
the most agreeable character. The Journal, regularly kept, will shew 
that their action has been characterized by a remarkable unanimity, 
and it is a source of satisfaction to me to know that I have rarely felt 
constrained to dissent from their advice. Their services have been ap- 
preciated by me, and should be appreciated by the State. 

The rule which has regulated me in making appointments was to 
ascertain in the first place whether the applicant was loyal to the State. 
If he was loyal, competent, and efficient it was all I required. In mak- 
ing my selections I have not regarded old party divisions. Whether a 
man originally belonged to one or the other of the old political parties 
into which our people have been divided, was an inquiry that I thought 
unworthy of the times. We had a common interest and a common 
object in defending our State against the assaults of the Federal Govern- 
ment, and my desire was to make our people a unit, if possible, for the 
successful prosecution of the great work which was before us. I think 
I can safely affirm that there is not the name of an unfaithful son of 
the Commonwealth upon the list, and it is cause of congratulation with 
me to know that they have been confirmed by the council with very 
general unanimity. No one was objected to, as I am informed, on the 
score of a want of fidelity to the State. 

The Commissary, Quarter Master and medical appointments were 
made at the earliest practicable moment after the authority was given, 
and although some bad appointments were made, some of which have 
been removed, the result has shown greater efficiency in all these depart- 
ments. The pay master's department has also been organized, and will, 
I believe, prove as efficient as the others. When the war commenced I 
was greatly embarrassed, not only from my own want of knowledge in 
military matters, but also from the want of experienced military advisers, 
commanders and organized stafl corps at once to make provision for 
commanders at the important points of Norfolk, Harper's Ferry, Alex- 
andria and Fredericksburg. Until Gen'l Lee was appointed I was with- 
out the aid and advice of an experienced military man. If I have under 
these circumstances committed blunders, it is not to be wondered at, the 
only wonder is that I have not made many more. The state has paid 
out under the direction of the Auditing Board, from the 30th day of 
April to the 14th day of June, the following sums, viz: 


For the Army, $1,737,950 49 1861. 

For the Navy, 100,748 49 

Total, .... $1,838,698 98 

Outstanding allowances not yet presented at the treasury will add 
$100,000 to this sum. (Appendix F.) 

On the first of July we will be required to raise $1,800,000 to pay our 
troops now in the field. 

Besides all these difficulties to encounter and overcome, the Executive 
by law and by ordinances of convention, lias been compelled to provide 
the means necessary to meet the expenditures incident to such important 
movements and the exertion of such extraordinary power. At the time 
when the ordinance of secession was passed there was in the treasury to 
the credit of the Commonwealth the sum of $384,605 25, and from that 
period to this the entire amount received from the revenue of the State 
is about $321,617 75, making $706,223 to meet the ordinary ex]>en8es of 
government, and the extraordinary sums to carry on the war. The actual 
sum expended for the war alone has been nearly two million, and the 
sum necessary to meet the liabilities incurred and not yet presented for 
payment will be nearly two millions of dollars additional. 

To meet these expenditures the General Assembly had authorized the 

issuing of treasury notes to the amount of one million of dollars. For 

this purpose the Auditor of Public Accounts had made arrangements to 

have the treasury notes engraved at the North, and when the plates were 

ready for delivery they were seized by the Government of the United 

States, and of course could not then be issued. This occasioned delay 

in the execution of the notes and rendered it necessary to contract for 

eugraving new plates here in the city of Richmond, which could not be 

executed until within a few days passed. 

Sulisequently the convention authorized the issue of two millions 
more of treasury notes, and both the law of the legislature and the ordi- 
nance of the convention authorized the Banks to receive tjiese notes and 
to discount upon them. 

Under this authority there has been raised from the Banks, by giving 
temporary notes payable in July, the amt. of $1,854,500, which with the 
amount in the Treasury has realized the sum of $2,560,723, and the 
government has been able to meet every engagement of the Common- 
wealth so far with the currency of the State promptly, no creditor having 
to wait longer than necessary to audit and settle his account. A sum- 
mary of the operations of the Executive Department since the 18th of 
April, 1861, shows the following results : 

1. The Navy Yard and Harper's Ferry Arsenal, captured without the 
loss of a single life, and securing to the State property estimated in- 
trinsically at from $25,000,000 to $30,000,000. 



1881. 2. Upwards of 40,000 volunteers have been drawn from their peace- 

ful pursuits, and some of them from the most distant parts of the State, 
have been instructed in the elementary exercises of the soldier, have 
been armed, equipped, and supplied with every necessary for active ser- 
vice in the field, and are now ready to defend the honor and maintain 
the liberties of the State. 

3. A Navy Department, hitherto unknown to our State organization, 
has been thoroughly and effectively organized. Navy Batteries, num- 
bering upwards of 320 pieces of heavy ordnance, varying in weight 
from 5,000 to 10,000 lbs., have been established ; the gun carriages for 
the most part made, and the ammunition prepared, while upwards of 
120 pieces of heavy ordnance have been forwarded to other States of 
the Southern Confederacy*. 

4. The various staff corps, embracing Commissary, Quarter-Master, 
Medical, and Engineer departments, have been organized under ordi- 
nances passed since the 20th of April, 1861, and their efficiency has not 
only contributed to the promptness and completeness of the prepara- 
tion which has enabled us to put so large a force from our own State 
into the field, but to frustrate the movements and efficiency of most of 
those who have come to our aid from the other States of the Con- 

5. And, finally, these results have been reached in due regard to an 
economic expenditure of the public money. The stores and other 
property purchased for the military operations have been paid for as 
they were bought, and thus the credit of the State has been fully sus- 

It is due to truth and justice that I should here record in this capitu- 
lation my high appreciation of the industry, judgment, and professional 
skill which have marked the conduct of the distinguished officer who 
has been called by me, with the unanimous approval of the convention, 
to conduct the military and Naval operations of Virginia. 

From every principal of dut} r and patriotism the executive depart- 
ment of the State has felt called upon to co-operate cordially and 
heartily with the government of the Confederate States and the policy 
which has controlled my action heretofore will continue to regulate it 
The great interest at stake demand the surrender of all questions of a 
subordinate character, in a vigorous and united effort to maintain the 
common rights of the South. Nothing will be left undone to advance 
the interests of all, and the candor, frankness, and sincerity which have 
been exhibited by the President assure me that harmony and concert of 
action will be the result. He duly appreciates the importance of the 
occasion, and his courage, prudence, and military experience will exert 
a salutary influence in directing and controlling the military move- 
ments now in progress for the protection of Virginia and the South. 


And, finally, I communicate herewith orders issued to Gen 'Is Carson, 1861. 
Taliaferro, and Haymond, and also a letter acknowledging the receipt 
of General Harper's report of the operation at Harper's Ferry. General 
Harper was placed in charge of the expedition against Harper's Ferry, 
and I regret that the orders given to him on the 17th day of April last 
have been mislaid. These orders shew that I acted with the prompt- 
ness and decision due to the occasion. 

General Harper's Report will be found with these orders (Appendix) : 

Report of Major O. W. Randolph — Appendix A. 

Richmond, April Ut y 1861. 

I have had the honor to receive through the clerk of the House 
of Delegates a resolution adopted on the 9th ult, requesting "the armory 
commissioners to rej>ort the amount of bonds they obtained from the 
Board of Public Works under the provisions of the act appropriating 
five hundred thousand dollars to repair the Armory and to purchase 
arms; whether they sold the bonds, and if so, whether at par, or at what 
discount; and also to render an account of their expenditures, and for 
what purpose — giving the items and prices; and if they received the 
whole five hundred thousand dollars of State bonds, what part thereof 
has been expended, and what disposition have they made of any part 
thereof not expended ? " 

The Commissioners have received no State bonds whatever. They 
have certified accounts to the Board of Public Works, and have requested 
them to pay such accounts. The means for doing so were obtained by 
sales of the bonds of the State at the Treasury for their par value. 

The purchasers of the bonds were contractors who had sold arms to 
the State or persons who had advanced money to contractors and others, 
and they as already reported indemnified themselves for losses by charg- 
ing enhanced prices. The account to be rendered before the Board of 
Public Works under a former resolution of the house of delegates will 
show the amount so charged. 

I regret that my attendance on the convention has prevented me from 
furnishing a statement of this account as requested. The vouchers are 
ready to be submitted to the board of public works, and the account 
when stated will be placed in the hands of the clerk of the house of 

Three hundred and twenty thousand dollars were appropriated for the 
armory, of which a little upwards of ten thousand dollars have been 
expended. The appropriation for the purchase of arms was one hun- 
dred and eighty thousand dollars, and the contracts made will require it 


1861. all. As yet, however, the amount expended is about one hundred and 
fifty-four thousand dollars. 

I have the honor to be, 

Your most obed't servant, 

Gko. \V. Randolph. 
Hon. Speaker House Delegates. 

Rejntrt of Cktbmcl of Ordnance — Appendix B. 

Ordnance Department, 
Richmond, June 15th, 1861. 

His Excellency Governor Letcher : 

Governor : 

I have the honor to hand you an abstract of issues made 
from the armory in this city from the 1st of April to the 14th of June 
of this year, both days inclusive. 

I assume the 1st of April because that was about the date when I 
commenced my duties as Colonel of Ordnance, and the 14th of June 
because on that day the duties of the Ordnance Department were 
divided between the Chief of Ordnance of the Confederacy and mvself. 

Your Excellency will remember that I had no authority, nor was 
there any appropriation for the purchase of arms, munitions, or machines 
of war until a few days prior to the act of secession ; that as soon as I 
was authorized and had the means to purchase. I sent Mr. Adams, the 
Master Armorer, to the North with bills of credit to procure such essen- 
tials as Percussion Cap machine, Bullet machine, Sabres, Pistols, Car- 
bines, and other articles in which the State was deficient; and that the 
announcement of the State's secession, following so soon after his leav- 
ing here, caused him to fail in obtaining even one single article, and that 
he was only enabled to return here by disguising himself and making 
his way as a common laborer seeking work. 

Being thus deprived of those labor-saving machines, I have had to 
resort to the human hands, and with but limited and crude materials to 
prepare our troops for the field, and as these troops took the field rapidly, 
and as the operations employed in the various preparations of Ammuni- 
tion, Gun carriages, <fcc, were entirely unacquainted with the work, I 
hope the result will be satisfactory. 

After consulting with you at the commencement of difficulties, I 
made preparation for 15,000 men as the probable number that Virginia 
would be called upon to place in the field. I have, however, actually 
made up and issued ammunition to the amount of 40 rounds a man for 
50,000 men ; have issued 43.658 muskets, carhines, and Rifles, and 115 
pieces of Artillery (of which oO had to be mounted complete in this 
city, with 80 sets of Artillery harness for 4 horses each), with a due pro- 


portion of ammunition to each piece — supplying out of the above many 1861. 
of the troops from others of the Confederate States. 

I yesterday turned over to the Ordnance Department of the Southern 
Confederacy a laboratory with machines, Fixtures, and hands capable 
of turning out 75,000 rounds of ammunition daily, and 9,894 rounds of 
artillery ammunition, and 114,400 rounds of Infantry ammunition ready 
for immediate ismc. 

I am, sir, very Respectfully, 

[Signed] C. Dimmock, 

Col. of Ordnance of Virg'a. 

P. S. — In addition to the above issue, about 13,000 muskets and rifles 
have been issued from the Virginia Military Institute ; also 2 6-pounder 
bronze cannon. 2 12d. Howitzers, 4 6-pM Brass pieces (cadets Battery), 
I Parrot Kitle cannon, 8 sets of artillery harness, 20,000 musket cart- 
ridges, 900 lira, rifle, musket, and cannon powder, and 250 rounds of 

artillery ammunition. 

C. D. 

Report of C. Dimmock, Colonel of Ordnance of Virginia. 

Inventory of issues from the Virginia State Armory from the 1st of 
April, 1861, to the 14th of June, 1861, inclusive : 

9233 Cartridge Boxes. 

4842 Bayonet Scabbards. 

5123 Cap Pouches. 

9500 Belts and Plates. 

27,500 yards of Webbing for Belts. 

2054 Rifles and Carbines. 

562 Pistols. 

1813 Sabres. 

25,850 Flint Muskets. 

11,636 Altered Percussion Muskets. 

4118 Original Do. Do. 

1,540.850 Cartridges for small arms. 

1,054,850 Caps for same. 

53 Iron Cannon — 6 and 12 Pound era. 

39 Brass Do. Do. Do. Do. 

14 Rifle Do. 6 Pounders. 

9 Howitzers 12 Do. 

6000 Friction Tubes. 

11,2")8 Hounds of Fixed Ammunition for Artillery. 

Of the Artillery, 50 lHeces were mounted in this city. 


1861. Ammunition on hand in the Laboratory turned over on the 14th inst 

to the Southern Confederacy. 
1,000,000 Percussion Caps. 
9894 Rounds of Ammunition for Artillery. 
114,400 Rounds of Ammunition for Infantry. 

[Signed] C. Dim mock, 

Col. of Ordnance of Virginia. 

Report of Capt. S. Barron upon the Naval Defences of the Rivers of 

Virginia — Appendix C. 

Office of Naval Detail and Equipment, 

Richmond, June 10th, 1861. 

I have the honor to inform your Excellency that the important 

duty of the Naval defences of the Rivers of Virginia was assigned to 

the officers of the Virginia Navy on the 23rd of April last. 

A few days previous the magazine at Norfolk, with upwards of three 
hundred thousand pounds of powder and a large numher of shells, was 
captured by Lieutenants Pegrum, Sinclair, and Jones. This daring and 
unauthorized attack placed at the disposal of the State an amount of 
ammunition it would be difficult to supply, and with the cannon taken 
at the Nofolk Yard, afforded all the materials needed for the batteries. 

The rivers of Virginia being undefended and exposed to attack, it is 
due to the Naval Officers of Virginia to say that they went to work to 
defend them with a zeal proportionate to the necessities of the case. 
Heavy cannon were removed to their destinations with dispatch, ammu- 
nition and projectiles provided, men instructed, and every other prepa- 
ration made to repel an opposing force. 

In erecting the batteries at Sewell's point, at Pigs' Point, at A<juia 
creek, and at Gloucester Point they were attacked by armed steamers. 
In each case the enemy were repulsed and the works continued and fin- 
ished in spite of their fire. 

The works on the Elizabeth, James, York/and Rappahannock rivers 
are so far completed as to justify the belief that they will be able to 
drive off any Naval force that the U. S. Government can bring against 

On the Potomac river batteries have been erected at the terminus of 
the R. F. and P. R. Road, on Aquia creek. In their incomplete state 
they were attacked three times by a superior force, and in each case 
Capt. Lynch repulsed the enemy's steamers with considerable loss. If 
the attack should be renewed Captain Lynch is now prepared to strike 
a more serious blow. 

The command of the Steamer Teazer has been assigned to Lieut. 


Rochelle. Two 32- pd. guns have been placed upon her, and she is now 1861 
employed on the defences of James River. Capt. J. R. Tucker is fitting 
out the Steamer Yorktown with as heavy a battery as she will bear. 
She will be ready by the 1st of July, and will be a valuable auxiliary 
to the defence of James River. 

A Howitzer battery of six guns has been organized by Lieut. Parker. 
Four of the pieces are now mounted ; the drill of the men is perfect, 
and this battery will be valuable whether employed in the field or in the 
defence of Richmond. 

The frigate Merrimac has been raised and is now in the Dry- Dock at 
Norfolk. The other sunken ships will be raised as soon as the Dock 
is ready to receive them. The enclosed list, marked A, will show the 
number and Calibre of the cannon at the various batteries, and that 

marked B. the number and calibre sent to the other States of the Con- 

» * 


I am very Respectfully, your obed't servant, 

[Signed] S. Barron. 


Statement of the Naval Batteries and armed vessels prepared for the 
defence of the State of Virginia ; also list of Guns sent to North 
Carolina, Tennessee, Louisiana, and Georgia. 

Naval Defences of Virginia. 

James River : 
Capt H. H. Cocke, comra'g officer. 

Fort Powhatan : 
Lieut C. St. Geo. Noland— 6 32-pds. of 51 cwt. ; 2 32-pds. of 27 cwt. ; 
2 32-pds. of 27 cwt. ; 2 32-pds. of 51 cwt. — to be sent to this battery. 

Jamestown Island : 
Lieut C. Apt R. Jones— 3 IX-inch guns of 9,000 lbs. ; 6 32-pds. of 57 
cwt ; 9 8-inch Army Columbiads ; 2 12-pds. Army Guns. 

Steam Tug Teazer : 
Iieut J. H. Rochelle, com'ing — 2 32-pds. of 27 cwt. 

Steamer "Yorktown," Preparing at Richmond : 
Commander, John R. Tucker — Will mount 1 X-inch pivot gun of 
12,000 foe. ; 1 64-pdr. pivot gun of 106 cwt. ; 6 8-inch broadside guns of 
63 cwt ; 2 8-inch guns can be mounted on this vessel, and will be or- 

Arrangements are now being made for mounting sixty guns of differ- 
ent calibres and weights for the defences of the city of Richmond. We 


1861. are now organizing a Naval Battery of 6 12-pdrs. Howitzers, four of 
which are now completed. They are preparing under the immediate 
supervision of Lieut. William H. Parker. 

York River: 
Capt. W. C. Whittle, com'ing officer : 

West Point : 
Commander Wm. Leigh — 2 IX-inch guns of 9,000 lbs. ; 1 32-pdr. of 
57 cwt. ; 4 32-pdrs. of 33 cwt, are to be sent for this battery. 

Gloucester Point : 
Commander T. J. Page — 8 IX-inch guns of 9,000 lbs. ; 2 32-pdrs. of 
57 cwt.; 1 32-pdr. of 33 cwt.; 1 32-pdr. of 27 cwt.; 5 more 32-pds. of 
27 cwt. are to be sent for this battery. 

York town : 
Commander J. L. Henderson — 2 8-inch Army Columbiads ; 4 8-inch 
Army Barbette Guns. 

Note. — Two more 8-inch guns are to be sent for this battery. 

Potomac River: 
Capt. W. T. Lynch, com'ing officer. 

Aquia Creek : 
2 8-inch guns of 03 cwt. ; 1 Parott-Rifled Field-piece. (Walker's Co.) 

Potomac Creek : 
Lieut. Wm. Taylor Smith— 2 32-pdrs. of 27 cwt. 

Hill Battery, near to the right of Aquia creek : 
Lieut. Charles C. Simms — 2 8-inch Army Columbiads on Barbette 

Simms' Point, near to the left of Aquia creek : 
1 8-inch gun of 63 cwt. ; 3 Parrott-Rifled field-pieces. Masked battery. 

Potomac Creek Bridge : 
Com'd'r R. D. Thorburn— 1 8-inch Gun of 63 cwt. 

Rappahannock River: 
Capt. R. G. Bobb, conTd'g officer.. 

Bush's Bluff: 
Boatswain young volunteer — 5 32-pdr. guns of 42 cwt. 

Pinner '8 Point : 
Lieut Geo. W. Harrison— 6 32-pdrs. of 57 cwt. ; 3 32-pdrs of 51 
cwt ; 3 32-pdrs. of 42 cwt 


Sewell's Point : 1861. 

Commander Wni. Lewis Maury — 6 IX-inch guns ; 2 32-pdrs. of 57 
cwt ; 2 32-pdrs. of 27 cwt Arrangements have been made for mount- 
ing not less than 20 guns. 

Lambert's Point : 
Lieut John S. Taylor— 6 32-pdrs. of 57 cwt 

Barrett '8 Point: 
Lieut J. Pembroke Jones — 6 32-pdrs. of 57 cwt. Number and cali- 
bre of guns not reported. Arrangements have been made for mounting 
five guns. 

Pig Point : 
Commander R. B. Pegram — 4 8-inch guns of 55 cwt. ; 4 32-pdrs. of 
42 cwt 

Lowry's Point : 

Lieut Henry H. Lewis — 2 8-inch Army Columbiads ; 2 32-pdrs. of 
27 cwt 

Note. — 3 8-inch guns of 63 cwt. have been ordered to be prepared at 
Norfolk for the naval defences of the Rappahannock. 

Harper's Ferry : 
Lieut ChaB. M. Fauntleroy — 2 32-pdrs. of 57 cwt. 

Elizabeth River and Vicinity. 

Fort Norfolk : 
Commander A. Sinclair — 12 IX-inch guns of 9,000 lbs. ; 4 32-pdrs. 
of 51 cwt 

Fort Nelson — Naval Hospital : 
Commander Chas. F. Mcintosh — 2 8-inch guns of 55 cwt. ; 8 32-pdrs. 
of 57 cwt ; 5 32-pdrs. of 51 cwt. 

Craney Island : 
Commander Wm. M. Blair — 1 X-inch pivot gun ; 10 8-inch Guns of 
63 cwt. ; 6 8-inch guns of 55 cwt. ; 4 32-pdre. guns of 51 cwt. Arrange- 
ments have been made for mounting thirty guns in all. 

Frigate United States — Rec'g Ship : 
Commander Thomas S. Rootes — Spar-deck, 3 IX-inch guns of 9,000 
lbs. ; gun-deck, 16 32-pdrs. of 51 cwt 

In addition to preparing this vessel as a school ship for drilling the 
men, she has been provided with the above armament for the defence of 
the yard and the gun Park at St. Helena. 

The frigate Merrimac has been raised and is now in Dry Dock at Nor- 
folk. She is valued in her present condition at not less than $250,000. 



1861. Arrangements are now being made for raising the sloops-of-war " Ger- 

raantown " and " Plymouth." 

Office of Naval Detail and Equip't, Richmond, Va., Jane 10, 1861. 

Report of Major- General Lee — Appendix D. 

Head Quarters of the Virginia Forces, 

Richmond, June 15th, 1861. 
His Excellency John Letcher, 

Gov'r of Va. : 
Sir : 

Agreeably to your request, I submit a statement of the Military 

and Naval preparations for the defence of Virginia from the period of 
her separation from the United States Government to the date of trans- 
fer of the Military operations of the State to the Confederate Govern- 

Arrangements were made for the establishment of batteries to prevent 
the ascent of our rivers by hostile vessels. As soon as an examination 
was made for the selection of sites, their construction was begun and 
their armament and defence committed to the Virginia Navy. 

Preparations were also begun to receive into the service of the State 
volunteer companies and for organizing, arming, and equipping them. 
Mustering officers were appointed, rendezvous established, and provision 
made for their subsistence and shelter. 

The primary estimate of the number of troops of all arms required, 
based upon the points to be defended, amounted to 51,000 men. The 
estimated quota of each portion of the State has been furnished except 
from the Western section. Arrangements were made for calling out 
volunteers from the Western section at the same time and in the same 
manner as from the Eastern section, but as yet it has been feebly re- 
sponded to. 

Complete returns from the troops in the field have not, and from the 
nature of things cannot for some time be received. But from the best 
sources of information within my reach, the number of Virginia troops 
is about 35,000 men. This amount probably falls below the real num- 
ber, for referring to the report of the Colonel of Ordnance it will be seen 
that he has issued 2,054 rifles and* carbines and 41,604 muskets in addi- 
tion to pistols and sabres to the cavalry. Thirteen thousand arms have 
also been issued from Lexington, making a total of 56,658. Seven thou- 
sand of those from Lexington, and several thousand from the Arsenal at 
Richmond, have been issued to troops from other States, but as many of 
the Virginia companies, supposed to be about 5,000 men, were armed 
when received into the service of the State. Should the number of 
armed companies from other States not differ materially from the num- 
ber of armed companies of the State, the number of Virginia troops in 
the field may be assumed to be about 40,000. 


When it is remembered that this body of men was called from a State isoi. 
of profound peace to one of unexpected war, you will have reason to 
commend the alacrity with which they left their homes and families and 
prepared themselves for the defence of the State. The assembling of 
the men, however, was not the most difficult operation. Provision for 
their instruction, subsistence, equipment, clothing, shelter, and transpor- 
tation in the field required more time and labor. 

The carriages for the guns for rivers, land, and field service had to be 
made, with the necessary implements, caissons, battery wagons, &c. 

One hundred and fifteen guns for field service have been provided, 
from which twenty light batteries of four guns each have been furnished 
with the requisite horses, harness, &c. 

For the defence of James River two batteries and two steamers have 
been provided, mounting altogether 40 guns, varying in calibre from 32- 
pdrs. to 8 and 9 inch Columbiads. Arrangements are also in progress 
for mounting sixty guns of different weights on the defences around 
Richmond, and a Naval battery of six 12-pdr. howitzers is in process of 

On York River three batteries have been constructed mounting thirty 
guns of calibre similar to the guns on James River. 

Sites for batteries on the Potomac have also been selected, and 
arrangements were in progress for their construction. Hut the entire 
command of that river being in possession of the United States Govern- 
ment, and a* larger force required for their security than could be de- 
voted to that purpose, the batteries at Aquia Creek have only been pre- 
pared. Twelve guns are in position there. 

On the Rappahannock River a four gun battery of 32-pdrs. and eight- 
inch Columbiads has been erected. 

Six batteries have been erected on Elizabeth River to guard the ap- 
proaches to Norfolk and the Navy Yard. They mount 85 32-pdrs. and 
8 and 9-inch Columbiads. 

To prevent the ascent of Nansemond river and the occupation of the 
Rail Road from Norfolk to Richmond, three batteries have been con- 
structed on that river, which will mount 19 guns. 

The frigate United States has been prepared for a school ship and 
provided with a deck battery of 19 32-pdrs. and 9-inch Columbiads for 
harbour defence, aggregating 324 Guns. 

The frigate Merrimac has been raised and is in the Dry Dock, and 
arrangements are made for raising the Germantown and Plymouth. 

In addition to the batteries already described, other works have been 
constructed for their land defence, exceeding in many instincts the 
work on the batteries themselves. An extensive line of field works has 
been erected for the security of Norfolk on the side towards the bay. 
Redoubts for the same purpose have been constructed at Jamestown 


1861. Island, Gloucester Point, Yorktown, and across the neck of land below 

I have confined myself to a general narrative of operations, and for 
the detail refer you to the reports of the several chiefs of staff. 

I am, Governor, 

Very Respectfully, 

Your obed't serv't, 

[Signed] R. E. Lee, 

Gen'l Com'd'g. 

By the Governor of Virginia — A Proclamation — Appendix E. 

The delegates of the people of Virginia, in Convention assembled, 
having by their ordinance, passed April 25th, 1861, adopted and ratified 
the constitution of the Provisional Government of the Confederate States 
of America, ordained and established at Montgomery, Alabama, on the 
8th day of February, 1861, and the State of Virginia having been by an 
act of the Congress of the Provisional Government of the Confederate 
States, passed May 7th, 1861, admitted as a State into the Confederate 
Government, and the President being under the constitution of the Pro- 
visional Government of the Confederate States, the commander-in-chief 
of the army and navy of the Confederate States, and of the militia of 
the several States when called into the service of the Confederate States: 

Now, therefore, I, John T/etcher, Governor of the Commonwealth of 
Virginia, by and with the advice and consent of the Executive council, 
do hereby transfer to the authorities of the Confederate States, by regi- 
ments, all the volunteer forces which have been mustered into the ser- 
vice of Virginia, and do order a like transfer to be made by regiments, 
batteries, squadrons, and companies of all volunteers or militia as the 
same shall be formed and their services may be required. 

I further hereby transfer to the authorities of the Confederate States 
the command of all the officers, seamen, and marines of the Provisional 
Navy of Virginia for service in the Confederate States. 

I do further order that all officers of the Virginia service now on duty 
in any of the Departments of the Staff continue to discharge their re- 
spective functions under the direction and control of the President until 
otherwise ordered; and that all Quarter Master, commissary, and medi- 
cal stores belonging to the State and in charge of said officers be turned 
over for the use of the Confederate States upon proper receipts for the 
articles turned over, to be forwarded to the accounting officer for settle- 
ment. All moneys in charge of any of the Departments will be forth- 
with returned into the treasury of the State. 

I do further order the Provisional Army of Virginia to respect and 
obey all lawful orders emanating from the President or those command- 
ing under his authority, and that the same may be incorporated in 


whole or in part into the Provisional army of the Confederate States at 1861. 
the pleasure of the President 

I do further authorize the use of all public property, munitions of war, 
«fcc, captured from the United States, the machinery at Harper's Ferry 
excepted, by the President or those acting under his authority for the 
common defence. 

Given under my hand as Governor and under the seal of the State, at 
Richmond, this 6th day of June, A. D. 1861, and in the eighty-fifth year 
of the Commonwealth. 

[Signed] John Letcher. 

By the Governor : 

George W. Munfobd, 

Sec'y of the Comm'lth. 

Col. Munford's Report — Appendix F. 

Executive Department, June 14th, 1861. 

To H10 Excellency John Letcher, 

Gov'r of Va. : 

The amount actually paid out of the State Treasury from the 

31st of April to the present date, by orders of the Board appointed to 
audit Military and Naval claims, is as follows : 

For the Army, $1,737,950 49 

u « Navy, 100,748 49 

Total, $1,838,698 98 

Besides this there are outstanding allowances not yet presented at the 
Treasury, which will probably amount to $100,000 additional. These 
amounts do not include pay of officers and men — the pay-rolls not hav- 
ing been yet presented or made out. The Paymaster-General estimates 
the amount necessary for pay alone to the 1st day of June, $1,000,000, 
for troops now in the field. Additional forces now called out will re- 
quire more. He also estimates that there will be required for commuta- 
tion, for clothing of the troops and commutation for forage for officers, 
the sum of $841,000. Total required, $3,679,698 98. 

Geo. W. Munford, 

Sec'y of Commonwealth. 
A True copy : 

Jno. L. Eubank, 

Sec. of Convention. 


1861. Orders Issued to General Carson and Others — Appendix G. 

General Head Quarters, 
AdjVGenkral's Office, April 17th, 1861. 

Brig'r-General James H. Carson, 

16th Brigade : 

You will please issue instant orders to the volunteer force of 
your Brigade to hold itself in readiness for service at a moment's warn- 
ing, and support any movement that may be made by the State troops 
upon the Arsenal and works at Harper's Ferry. They will probably be 
joined by the volunteers of Augusta and Rockingham, &e. If necessary 
you will assume the command of the entire force. 
By order of the commander-in-chief. 

[Signed] Wm. H. Richardson, A. G. 

General Head Quarters, 
Adj't-General's Office, April 22nd, 1801. 

Major-General Kenton Harper: 


The Governor has received your report and desires me to convey 
to you his approval of your proceedings. 

He directs me to inform you that a portion of your force will be 
probably required at Alexandria, in which case you will meet the re- 
quisition of Gen'l Philip St. George Cocke, who is in command at that 

Very respectfully, 

Your obed ! t Servant, 

[Signed] Wm. H. Richardson, A. G. 

General Head Quarters, 
Adjt-General's Office, April 18th, 1861. 

General Thomas Haymond, 

Coinm'd'g 3d Division: 

The Governor directs that you give orders to the Volunteer corps 
in your Division to be ready for service at a moment's notice, and to the 
Brigadier-Generals to be prepared for service ; that you take measures 
effectually to prevent the passage of the Federal or any other troops 
from the West, Eastward on the Baltimore and Ohio railroad. 

The Brigadier-Generals of your Division are Buckner Fairfax, Pres- 
ton, 10th Brigade; James H. Carson, Frederick, the 16th ; James Boggs, 
Pendleton, 18; C. B. Conrad, Gilmer, 26th; John J. Jackson, Wood, 


23d ; and Bush rod W. Price, Marshall, the 24th — and to them your 1861. 
orders should be addressed promptly. 

By command : 
[Signed] Wm. H. Richardson, A. G. 

Gknkral Head Quarters, 
Adj't-GenVs Office, April 18, 1861. 

Genl Wm. B. Taliaferro, 

Commanding 4 Division : 

You will forthwith take command of the State troops which are 
now or may be assembled at the city of Norfolk. Your immediate 
presence there is necessary. 

By command : 
[Signed] Wm. H. Richardson, A. G. 

Report of Major-GenH Harper. 

Division Head Quarters, 

Harper's Ferry, April 19th, 1861. 
General : 

I beg to communicate through you to Governor Letcher 
that I am forwarding to Winchester with all dispatch possible the arms 
and machinery at this place, retaining only such of the arms which are 
complete and rescued from the burning as are thought necessary to 
equip the troops imperfectly armed as they come in. There are now 
about fifteen hundred men here, and I expect reinforcement to the num- 
ber of five hundred in a few hours, and I have information of about a 
thousand now on the way. 

It is estimated by a number of the workmen lately employed in the 
armory, who presented themselves to me to-day as a committee, that it 
would take several months toremove the machinery and other public 
property from this point, but I find they are much disaffected, being 
property holders, and therefore disposed to exaggerate the difficulties. I 
hope, however, that the interview impressed them with different views of 
their own interests; that their labor, which was their support, was their 
most valuable interest 
They will be needed wherever the works may be removed. 
This, I believe, will induce them to aid heartily in the purposes de- 
signed by the Executive. If authorized to give them assurance of 
employment, it would relieve me of some difficulties and probably pro- 
mote the public interests. The armory at Richmond could be put in 
operation at once. I make these suggestions for the considerations of 


1861. the Governor. The information I have received in regard to the condi- 
tion of affaire in Maryland, and especially the city of Baltimore, added 
to the appearance of men on the mountain on the Maryland side com- 
manding this place, induce me this morning to send an officer to the 
sheriff of the county, notifying him of my distrust and of my unwilling- 
ness to trespass upon the soil of our sister State unless compelled by 
necessity; requesting him to call out the militia to maintain their neu- 
trality. My messenger has not yet returned, and circumstances have 
since come to my knowledge which impelled me to order a company to 
occupy the heights during the night 

My labors have been so incessant during the day that I cannot com- 
municate more freely at present 

I enclose a dispatch from John W. Garrett, Pres't of the B. & O. Rail- 

Very respectfully, your obed't servant, 

[Signed] Kenton Harper, 

Major-Gen'1 Com'g. 
Brig.-Gen'l W. H. Richardson, Adj't-Gen'l Va. 

Letter of GenH Kenton Harper to the Ghvemor. 

Division Head Quarters, 

Harper's Ferry, April 80th, 1861. 

Dear Governor: 

I have addressed you officially through the Adj't- 
Gen'l, and I only wish to say to you here that you know me, and that I 
must necessarily be allowed to act to a great extent upon my own judg- 
ment as to what is required by the exigencies of my position. You 
have honored me with a high trust, involving great responsibility, and 
I will rely upon you for all needful support. 

The influences around me at Winchester I found to be so unfriendly 
that I determined in a few hours to remove my Head Quarters to 
Charleston. But one company had arrived which I took with me, and 
left orders with an officer directing the troops as they came in to report 
to me at that place. The use of the telegraph was denied me by the 
operator and the President of the Road, saying he was unable to get 
another operator. I closed the office to prevent its being used against 
me. I do not doubt, however, that the mischief was done by the ope- 
rator even before my messenger returned, and that the commanding 
officer of the Post was informed of my movements. 

In haste, yours truly, 

[Signed] Kenton Harper, 

Major-Gen'1 Com'g. 
His Excellency John Letcher, 



Executive Department, I8fli. 

Richmond, June 18th y 1861. 

To the Hon'ble S. R. Mallory, S'c Yy of the Navy Confed. States : 


I am directed by the Governor to state to you that he has nomi- 
nated to the council the following officer* for the Virginia Navy, viz. : 
B. \V. Green as assistant Surgeon and Charles Schrceder as First Assist- 
ant Engineer in the Navy, and the Council having unanimously advised 
that the nominations be confirmed, commissions have been ordered to 
be issued, and the information is by the Governor's direction now re- 
ported to you. 

Very respectfully, 

George W. Mux ford, 

Sect'y of Commonwealth. 

In Council, June 19tfi f 1861. 

Inasmuch as the Cadets of the Virginia Military Institute have been 
employed in the military service of the State under the orders of the 
Governor of Virginia at their own expense, and without any allowance 
whatever except subsistence, it is advised that the Governor be respect- 
fully requested to refer the subject to the Convention for such action as 
may be just and proper in the premises. 

From the minutes. 

P. F. Howard, 

SecVy of Council. 
Approved : 

John Letcher. 

In Council, June 19th, 1861. 

Advised that the order authorizing the pay-rolls of the Virginia 
troops to be made up to 30th June inclusive, and to pay the same up to 
that date, should be so construed as to apply to the officers, seamen, 
and marines of the Virginia Navy also. 

From the minutes. 

P. F. Howard, 

SecVy Council. 

Approved : 

John Letcher. 


1861. Executive Department, 21st June, 1861. 

Gentlemen of the Convention : 

The ordinance of the Convention instructing ine to have the Staun- 
ton and Parkereburg Turnpike east of Beverley repaired and the bridges 
rebuilt, was referred to the Board of Public Works. The reply of the 
President of the Board is herewith transmitted, and I have no doubt the 
work will be pushed vigorously to completion. 

I received this day your ordinance relating to the construction of a 
Rail Road between Strasburg and Winchester, and referred it to Major- 
General Lee for his opinion. His reply, endorsed on the ordinance, is 
also transmitted. 

John Letcher. 

C. S. Navy Department, 

Office of Orders and Detail, 

Richmond, Va., June 20th, 1861. 

I have the honor to inform you that Dr. James F. Harrison has 
been commissioned by your Excellency as Passed Assistant Surgeon, 
when, in fact, he had been promoted to the rank of full Surgeon in the 
U. S. Navy, and held priority of rank over Dr. D. B. Phillips, who has 
been commissioned a full Surgeon. He was promoted subsequent to 
the publication of the last U. S. Naval Register, of which fact you were 
perhaps unapprised. I therefore return to you the commission for cor- 

Very Respectfully, 

Your obed't servant, 

S. Barron, 
Captain in Charge. 

His Excellency John Letcher, Richmond, Va. 

Executive Department, June 26th, 1861. 

Gentlemen of the Convention : 

I present for confirmation as Colonels — viz. : Benj. S. Ewell, pro- 
moted from the position of Lieutenant-Colonel, which he now fills in the 
29th Reg't ; John A. Campbell, to take the command of a Reg't of vol- 
unteers which he has raised ; and Ex-Governor William Smith. 


John Letcher. 


J. H. Pendleton to the Governor. 

Urging him to join the army of General Garnett in Northwestern Vir- 1861. 

. . June 27, 

gini&- Staunton 

Issue commissions to Benj'n S. Ewell, John A. Campbell, and Win. 
Smith as Colonels ; J. B. Cary and Thomas S. Garnett as L't-Colonels ; 
James M. Goggin as Major. 

John Letcher. 

June 27th, 1861. 
Col. Geo. W. Munford, SecVy Commonwealth. 

Dr. A. M. Fauntleroy, assistant Surgeon in the late U. S. Army, to be 
commissioned as surgeon under the advice of the Convention. 

John Letcher. 
Col. Munford. June 27th, 1861. 

Confederate States of America, 

War Department, 

Richmond, June 30th, 1861. 

In the presence of public danger precautionary measures are 

always wise. However confident of success an administration may be, 

a failure to provide for all casualties that may possibly arise can never 

be pardoned. The fortunes of war are as various and changeable as the 

talents and abilities of those conducting its operations. 

The Government of the Confederate States has no misgivings as to the 
future success of our arms, and interprets no omen as presaging defeat. 
Nevertheless, the President deems it prudent, if not essential to the pub- 
lic safety, to form and organize a Reserved Army Corps of thirty thou- 
sand men, and to apportion to Virginia the quota of three thousand. 

Your Excellency will therefore receive for the war three thousand men 
by independent companies, each company to be composed of one Cap- 
tain, one First Lieutenant, two second Lieutenants, four Sergeants, four 
Corporals, two musicians, and from 64 to 100 privates. For this pur- 
pose you are authorized to establish two camps of Instruction at accessi- 
ble points, where you will order 'these companies to rendezvous, and 
where they will be mustered into service by companies. These camps 
of Instruction will be under the control of this Department, and the 
President will assign competent officers to take charge of them, the 
object being to drill and discipline the men. From time to time the 


1861. President will organize these companies in Battalions or Regiments, as he 
may prefer, and will appoint the Field officers and the staff. It will not 
be a prerequisite to accepting these companies that they shall be armed, 
although it is hoped that many of them will be. 

Very respectfully, 

L. P. Walker, 
Secretary of War. 
His Excellency John Letcher, Gov. Va. 

Alfred Chapman to the Governor. 

June 30, Soliciting clerical employment in State Government, with testimonials. 
C. n . 

Special Report of Michael E. Price, appointed Master of Transportation 
of Machinery from the Harper's Ferry Armory, in Jefferson County, 
Va., to Richmond and elsewhere, by the subjoined Special Order, 
No. 2, of Major-General Harper : 

Division Head Quarters, 
H. Ferry, April 19th, 1861. 
Special order, No. 2 : 

Mr. Michael £. Price is hereby authorized and directed to take 
charge of and prepare for removal all the machinery and utensils 
hitherto used in the manufacture of arms at this place, and to employ 
such civilians as may be necessary to carry out this order. 

By command of Major-Gen J l Harper: 

Geo. A. Porterfield, 

A. A. Gen'l. 

Head Quarters C. S. Army, 
Harper's Ferry, May 25, 1861. 
Special Order, No. 2 : 

Mr. "Michael E. Price, Master of Transportation, will remove with 
out delay, towards Richmond, the Machinery connected with the Rin\ 
Works at the Harper's Ferry Armory. 

By order of Brig.-Gen'l Jos. E. Johnston : 

E. Kirby Smith, 
L't-Col. C. S. Army, A. A. A., Gen'l. 


The undersigned, thus authorized, on the 19th of April last, proceeded 1861. 
to the execution of the orders thus received, and in pursuance thereof 
employed a large number of the operatives of the Armory to assist him 
in carefully removing from position the large amount of machinery and 
Tools and fixtures of the Armory, making needful packing Boxes and 
cases for its reception, transporting them to the railroad of the W. & P. 
Railroad company at H. Ferry, and superintending its shipment to 
Winchester and Strashurg en route for Richmond. 

In conducting this process the undersigned had many difficulties and 
great labor to encounter, notwithstanding which he confidently claims 
that he has succeeded in the enterprise in such manner as that his ser- 
vices in this respect will inure inestimably to the interest of the State 
and C. States. 

A vast amount of the most valuable Machinery, Tools, and appli- 
ances for the manufacture of the minnie Rifle, with sword bayonets, 
and the Rifle musket and the Tools and Machinery for the alteration of 
the old model Flint Lock arm of 1842 to the Percussion principle, with 
the necessary means to supply them with ammunition and appendages 
for use, have been secured, and are now removed from the Armory, to- 
gether with about sixty Thousand Gun stocks of Black Walnut, sea- 
soned for many yearn, suitable for either the Rifle or Rifle musket, and 
without which it would have been found utterly impossible to have 
manufactured a permanently serviceable arm for many years. 

Unfortunately, before all his arrangements for the removal of the re- 
mainder of these Gun stocks was perfected, and from unanticipated 
disarrangement of the Ireiuht trains before the work shops were burned 
be was unable to secure the whole number, and many thousands of this 
valuable and absolutely necessary part of the material for guns was 
destroyed in the conflagration of the 14th of June instant. 

Notwithstanding, I have to congratulate the State on having accom- 
plished so much. 

In the execution of this work, having in view the closest scrutiny of 
all expenditures on State account therefor, I have accumulated a mass 
of papers, including the receipts for money paid by me or my author- 
ized agents, which, in the hurry and excitement consequent on the state 
of affairs, I have not yet been able to so analyze and arrange as to be 
sufficiently intelligible as vouchers. I will, however, at once proceed to 
put tlit'in in a shape, together with those accounts which remain to be 
adjusted and paid, as that they will present a clear and lucid exhibit of 
my actings and doings in the premises. 

I do, however, beg leave to present to y'r Excellency my order Book, 
commencing with the i9th of April last, into which is copied my official 
orders? from No. 1 to 59 and 60. 
A perusal of this order Book may be serviceable to y'r Excellency, 


1861. which, in connection with a Report dated April 24th, 1861, to Major- 
Gen. Harper, and his reiteration of my authority endorsed below, it will 
serve to show that I have done in the matter all that it was practicable 
to do. 

Enclosed is a copy of that Report and endorsement 

YV Excellency will discover in ray order Book many reports con- 
nected with the transaction of the duty imposed on me to Colonel T. J. 
Jackson and Gen'l Johnston, to which I beg to call your especial atten- 
tion as explanatory of my proceedings, but more particularly to that of 
April 30th on pages 19, 20, 21, and 23, the latter part of which refers to 
the Inventory value of the articles which cume into the hands of the 
State, and also to that of May 4th, on pages 31 and 32, exhibiting the 
amount of work performed by the operatives in the fabrication of arms, 
their description and number, and of the ammunition fabricated from 
19th April to date of that Report. 

I have further to report to y'r Excellency that some of the hands em- 
ployed by me in my operations, and who have not been paid for the 
time employed, have either, as I am informed, gone over to Maryland 
and joined the Federal Army, or are giving aid and comfort to them 
in such way as to render their services hereafter utterly doubtful, if not 
dangerous to our cause. 

The reason that I call your attention to this is in addition to my 
desire to give you all information that comes to my knowledge in this 
important and serious crisis that you will be competent authority to 
instruct me in my duty in this behalf as to the pay of these persons, 
and giving me the power to determine the status of such which will be 
unhesitatingly assumed by me with whatever responsibility may attach 
to such a duty. 

With the highest respect, 

I am, sir, your obed't servant. 

M. E. Price, 
Master of Transportation of Machinery and Tools. 

Hon'le John Letcher, Governor of Virginia. 

Transportation Office, April 24th, 1861. 

To Major-Gen'l Harper, Com'd'g: 

I have examined some of those fourteen thousand arms that were 
burned in the arsenal, and I find that I can make serviceable guns of 
them. The stocks are here, and can be made up. If you desire me to 
make them up you will observe that the shops at the llirle works now 
in use as quarters will have to be vacated to give me room. 


I have a great number of men in my employ who have neither bread 1861, 
nor meat for their families. Can you give me authority by which I can 
procure subsistence for them ? 

I herewith transmit to you the lists from foremen of the different de- 

[Signed] M. E. Price, 

Master Transportation. 

The General com'g considers Capt. Price fully authorized by existing 
orders to carry out the suggestions made above in regard to the refitting 
of arms. He expects Capt. Price to use his utmost efforts to put the 
arms in serviceable order as rapidly as possible. 

[Signed] Kknton Harper, 

Major-Oen'l Commanding. 

Thos. W. Shrives. 

8. Barron, Captain in Charge, to George W. Munford, Secre- 
tary Commonwealth. 

The Yorktown was put in commission yesterday, and I have the July 10, 
pleasure to state that she will be ready for active service in a few days. Rlch mond 
There may be a few more bills against the ship presented for payment 
by the State of Virginia. I have deemed it best that all the bills against 
this vessel should be paid by the State (the work having been contracted 
for and ordered by the authorities of Virginia) in order to a more easy 
and equitable settlement of accounts with the Southern Confederacy. 

It may not be inappropriate for me to state here that no arrangement 
has been made by the authorities of the State with the owners of the 
Yorktown and Jamestown, part 6f whom are residents and citizens of 
the Southern Confederacy and other parties belonging to the North. In 
accordance with instructions received from his Excellency the Governor, 
I caused the agent of the company owning the Steamers to apply to the 
company in New York for the cost of these vessels and the terms upon 
which they might be purchased, but no information has been given us 
other than the letter of Mr. Seward, Secretary of State, U. States, which 
places it out of the power of the owners to dispose of the vessel. 

I am, &c. 


L. P. Walker, Secretary War C. S., to the Governor. 

1861. I am instructed by the President of the Confederate States to request 

Richmond tna ** ^ ou w *^ * 8SUe y ouT ^ roc ^ &mti ^ on calling into immediate service the 
Militia of all the counties north of James River and East of the Blue 
Ridge that have not been called, as well as all the Militia in the Valley 
north of the James River. 

The troops thus called into service will assemble in their respective 
neighborhoods, or at such rendezvous as you think best, in company, 
battalion, regimental, or brigade organ izations, as you may determine, 
and report themselves for orders to this Department with the least pos- 
sible delay, providing themselves with their arms and ammunition. 

They will be called out according to the militia organization of the 
State, including staff, and under such regulations as you may prescribe. 

I am, &c. 









Goochland - 




King George 


New Kent and Chas. City- 
Jap. City and part York... 

Elis, City, Warwick, and 

part York ~~ 

King Willi lm 

King and Queen 


Mathews ~ 


• • • » «v • « 

July 13 






Westmoreland ... 

Richmond Co 

Northumberland . 


Richmond City »• 
Do. . . 



Rockbridge ~ 
















Hampshire - 




CUrke - 

Jefferson ~ 

Berkeley ~ 












Chas. B.Christian 

Asa W.Wirt 

Jno. H. Timberlake 

M. McKennie 

Geo. W. Murphy j 

B. A. Henson ' 

Thomas Taylor 

Major W. R Winn, Com- ! 

m'dfe j 

Capt. E. T. Redd,Com'd'g. 

Jno. M. Walker 

Jno. M. Holmes, Lt.-Col... 

Mark Arnold 

Tbos. B. Coghill, Lt.-Col... 

Hill Carter ' 

Leonard Henley, must'g 


4 vol. companies. 

4 " 

5 " 
5 " 
1 " 
7 u 

o << 


Wm. Geo. Pollard 
John R. Bagby ... 
Warren T. Jones ., 

John G. Bohannan 

Elliot P. Jones : 

Geo. W. Upshaw 

J. Warren Hutt 

Jos. R. Jeffries, Lt.-Col 

Jas. L. Stringham, Lt.-Col. 

Sam'l Downing 

Thos. J. Evans 

J. A. Clarkson, Lt.-Col 













Wm. D. Irving 

Leon C. Davidson ... 
John A. Tern pie ton. 

Geo. W.Hall 

Sam'l McCue 

Wm. S. Sprout 

Wm. D. Anderson... 
Jno. H. Johnson .... 

W. A. Maupin 

Jno. E. Dovilte )■* 

R. M. Sherfey.. 

Wm. Henry Harness .... 

Noali J. Henkle 

James H. Sibert 

Henry St. Geo. Albert.... 

Mann Spitler 

Manly T. Whcatty 

E. H. MsDonatd 

Alexander Monroe 

Ro. F.Baldwin 

Francis D. Jones. 
Washington Dearmont. 

Jno. Thomas Gibson 

Jacob Sincindi ver 

Snm'l Johnston. 




2 " 
7 " 
1st Reg*t Va. vot't'rs. 

2 Infy companies. 

3 vol. 

4 " 
2 " 








• t 



3 " 
2nd Reg't volunteers. 

4 vol. companies. 

* 4th lUgH toU., raised from them three Reg'ts. 


Dabney H. Maury, Late Captain op U. S. A., to the Governor, 

1861. Tendering services to the State or Confederate Government. 

July 19 e 

Andrew Dickerson, Jackson Godfby, and S. H. Griffith, Cap- 
tains, to the Governor. 

August 22, Tendering services of their respective companies for service of State. 
Floyd C. H. 

August 23 Agreement made this twenty-third day of August, in the year 1860, 
between the commissioners appointed by the Governor under an act of 
Assembly passed the twenty-first day of January, in the year 1860, of 
the one part, and Joseph R. Anderson & Co., of the other part — Wit- 
nesseth : 

That whereas the party of the first part desires to establish at the 
State Armory, in the city of Richmond, the manufacture of Rifled Mus- 
kets of the best quality, and to secure in organizing such establishment 
the skill, supervision, and responsibility of the parties of the second 
part, and the parties of the second part are desirous of co-operating to 
the best of their ability in the said enterprise — Now, therefore, in con- 
sideration of the premises and for the purpose of carrying out the fore- 
going design, the said parties agree as follows : 

The said parties of the second part agree to furnish on or before the 
1st day of December, 1861, the machinery, tools, driving power, shaft- 
ing, and the implements necessary for the manufacture of not less than 
five thousand rifled muskets per annum of the most approved kind and 
best quality, corresponding in general character to the United States 
rifled muskets as now made at Springfield Armory, and to the English 
Enfield musket, conforming in all respects to the model which will be 
furnished by the party of the first part ; for a more particular specifica- 
tion of which machinery, &c, reference is hereby made to the schedule 
hereto annexed, signed by the said parties and agreed to be taken as a 
part of this contract. 

The said parties of the second part also agree to deliver the said ma- 
chinery, &c, at the armory, to erect and put the same in operation, to 
organize and superintend the same 'until five hundred rifled muskets of 
the kind and quality above stated shall have been manufactured at the 
expense of the State, and the same be approved and received by the 
said Commissioners, after which and not before the said machinery and 
other work shall be considered as received. 

That so much of the work herein contracted for shall be executed in 


Virginia and by Virginia workmen, as may be practicable, although 1861. 
such work may cost more than if done elsewhere, unless such extra cost Angost 23 
shall be excessive, or unless such work shall be allowed to be executed 
elsewhere by the Governor of the Commonwealth. 

One of the ruling motives which prompts the party of the first part 
to give this contract to the parties of the second part, is to encourage, as 
far as may be, mechanical industry in Virginia, and therefore it will be 
considered a breach of the spirit if not of the letter of this agreement if 
the parties of the second part shall sub-let any part of the contract to 
persons or establishments out of the State of Virginia when it is practi- 
cable to have the work well executed in the State and at our own 
machine shops in time; it being distinctly understood that Virginia 
labor and enterprise shall be enlisted in the execution of every part of 
the contract as far as practicable. 

But it is also expressly understood between the parties hereto that 
whenever it shall be proposed to execute any such work by other than 
workmen in this State, the propriety thereof shall be submitted to the 
said Commissioners, who shall determine whether the execution thereof 
by workmen in the State be practicable or not, and unless the same be 
authorized by them it shall not be executed out of the State ; and the 
said Commissioners shall also judge whether the extra cost shall be 
incurred or not, and unless they approve the same in writing it shall not 
be allowed. 

The parties of the second part hereby guarantee that the said Armory 
shall be capable of manufacturing the muskets required as aforesaid 
and within the time aforesaid, and that the machinery, both in quality 
and efficiency, shall equal the best machinery of the kind in this coun- 
try and in Great Britain, of which the said Commissioners shall judge, 
and the same shall not be received until their written approval be 

The said parties further agree to receive in part payment for the said 
machinery, &c, all the smooth-bore flint-lock muskets owned by the 
party of the first part in good order and on deposit in the Arsenals in 
Richmond and Lexington at one Dollar and fifty cents each, and the 
superintendents of the said arsenals shall be the judges whether the 
said arms are in good order or not. 

In consideration whereof the party of the first part agrees to pay to 
the party of the second part the prices specified in the schedule afore- 
said for the said machinery, tools, implements, &c. ; to make such pay- 
ments quarterly upon the statement of the Master Armourer of the said 
Armory, to be approved by the said com missioned, reserving ten per 
cent of each such statement as a further guarantee for the execution of 
this contract ; to deliver at Richmond the smooth-bore muskets afore- 
said to the parties of the second part as they shall require, reserving, 


1861. however, ten thousand of the best of them, estimated at one dollar and 
August 23 fifty centa each, until five thousand rifled muskets shall have been manu- 
factured at the said Armory, the time for the manufacture thereof not 
to exceed twelve months from the date of the reception of the ma- 
chinery, and considering such reservation as an additional ten per cent 
upon the quarterly statements. 

And it is further agreed that such changes in the schedule aforesaid 
as may be mutually agreed on by the Master Armourer and the said 
parties of the second part shall be made without impairing or changing 
this agreement in other respects, and that such changes shall be in 
writing agreed on and signed by the parties, and shall particularize the 
machine, tool, or implement omitted or substituted. 

And it is further agreed that the party of the first part by the Gov- 
ernor, master Armourer, Superintendent of the Armory, and such other 
agents as the Governor may appoint, shall at all times have free access 
to the shops of the parties of the second part during the manufacture of 
the machinery, tools, <fec, aforesaid, for the purpose of inspecting the 
processes of the said manufacture. 

In testimony whereof the parties aforesaid have hereunto set their 
hands the day and year first above written : 

Philip St. George Cocke, 
Francis H. Smith, 
George W. Randolph, 


Joseph R. Anderson & Co. 

Witness as to P. St. Geo. Cocke — J. B. Cocke. 

George \V. Randolph — George \V. Munford. 
J. R. A. & Co.— W. E. Tanner. 

Adjutant-General's Statement. 
Preparation of the State for War — Public Defence. 

The military defences of the State had been totally broken down 
under the act of April, 1853, so that until the reorganization under the 
act of 7th of March, 1858, the commander-in-chief could not have 
assembled on the greatest emergency 1,000 organized and armed men. 

Year after year, in the annual reports, the Legislature was warned 
and exhorted to put the State in a position for defence and security. 
(St e accompanying extracts from 2 reports.) 

The organization under the act of 2nd of March, 185S, under the 
operations of the Adj't-Gen.'s department was prompt, rapid, and effec- 



live beyond expectation, so that on the occurrence of the Jno. Rrown 
raid, the Governor, upon an hour's notice, was able to move from Rich- 
mond to the scene of outrage with 500 fine Troops, and might have 
commanded five times as many from other places if they had been 

It is true that great exertions — and it is also true that the action of 
the Adj't-Gen'l was prompt, energetic, and, I may say, faithful, impar- 
tial, and fearless. In the organization of volunteer companies they 
were held up inflexibly to the requirements of the law, and compelled 
to muster the minimum number in uniform before arms were issued to 
them. This was obnoxious and odious to most of them, but that 
availed nothing ; it drew much complaint upon me, but it worked well 
lor the State. So that at the date of my last report she had nearly 
20,000 volunteers ready for the field organized force of militia of the 

There were then in commission 92 troops of cavalry, 26 companies of 
artillery, 111 of light infantry, and 113 of riflemen. Here was an 
established foundation to enlarge upon, and at the first call for service 
these companies rapidly ran up to the maximum, and in every arm of 
the same the number of companies is rapidly multiplied. 

This hasty memorandum may furnish material for shewing the truth, 
which is, that Virginia was far better prepared for the war than any 
other State. 


George H. Tubman, Captain, to the Governor. 
Tendering service of his company for defence of the State. 

Carroll Co. 

John J. Wood, Captain, to the Governor. 

Tendering services of the Montgomery Guard for defence of the State. August 24, 


Blanton Duncan to the Governor. 

I am about to return to Kentucky for the purpose of aiding to raise August 31, 
the Standard of freedom and independence. As you are well aware we Ric, nnond 
have no arms. I therefore make the proposition that you will furnish 
me by the 20th of September with 1,500 flint-lock muskets, and that I 
will give you my bond with good security for the value thereof. My 
reasons for making the request are two-fold. It will assist materially in 
freeing our State, and at the same time by creating a <H version will 
lessen the press upon Virginia. Then again, 1 can at once be autho- 


18ttl. rized by (he Confederate Government to raise a Brigade. I do not wish 

Richmond t0 ^ e *°^ e at 8U<: ^ a t * me wnen momentous scenes are transpiring. As 
you know my efforts were given from the inception of the Government, 
when it was weak and needed friends, I gave up my home, my wife and 
children, expatriating myself and perilling my entire fortune in the 
attempt to defend Virginia and serve the /South. As I was the first to 
take the field, so do I wish to be the last to leave it so long as health 
permits it. If the State of Virginia owes me any thanks for past ser- 
vice, you as her constituted agent can overwhelm me with a debt of 
gratitude by granting this request, which will not only afford me the 
proud satisfaction of aiding to free my native State from the pollution 
of despotism, but will at the same time advance Virginia's interests and 
subserve the common cause. If within the bounds of possibility I trust 
that you will grant my request. 

I am, &c. 

I have read the above at the request of Col. Duncan, than whom I 

know of none better entitled to any aid in military equipment than our 

State can afford. 

J. M. Mason. 

Richmond, Slst AugH. 
Endorsed: 1,000 muskets sent on the requisition of Major Gorgas. 

J. L. 


August 31, In accordance with an ordinance passed by our late Convention to 
Northamp- ^j] ou ^ a su ffi c j en t number of men to protect our property in those coun- 
ties not actually invaded, I have, as the commanding officer of the 
27th Reg't (Northampton County), called out sixty men for one month, 
dating from the 9th day of July, which time has expired, and I find it 
not only still more necessary to continue that force, but to increase it 
very largely not only to secure the protection of our property, but to 
protect ourselves from actual invasion by our enemies both from the 

Bay and Sea coasts. 

I am, <S:c. 

Charles Dimmock to the Governor. 

Sept. 4, In examining the camps of the Virginia volunteers this morning, I 

^ermiuS:e d find the followin 8 companies of Artillery : 



Capt. Latham, - 



No. Artillery, 


113 i 



" Carter, 
u Courtenay, 




» tm 


Sept. 4, 

Fair Ground 


14 Dance, 




mt a» 



u Cocke, 




mm m 



" Leake, 







" Jeffries, - 







" Thornton, 







" Wolfolk, 



Not yet mustered 


I respectfully suggest that of the above the following named compa- 
nies be immediately provided for, to-wit : 

Latham's, Thornton's, and Jeffries. 

These will take 12 six-Pounders, of which we have 10 mounted, and 
Major Gorgas can mount the other two at once, and thus there can go 
into the field Captains Carter, Courtenay, Dance, Cocke, Coleman, 
Latham, Jeffries, and Thornton. But as some of these cannot get har- 
ness immediately, and require drilling at the piece, they may be de- 
layed. I think some can go in a day or two, to be followed by the re- 
mainder as soon as possible. After supplying the above, there are ready 
now — 

1 12-Pr. Iron Gun mounted. 

2 Do. Brass Do. Do. 

4 24-Pr. Iron Howitzers, which being unfit for new companies because 
they require hix or eight horses each, and are thus difficult of man- 
agement, I suggest that they be sent to the army of the Potomac, to 
be assigned as the commanding General may think proper. 

I am, &c. 

Wms. C. Wickuam to the Governor. 

In the present aspect of affairs, I deem it to be the duty of every 
officer of the army to be at his post, and that every constituency should 
have their representatives present in our Legislative Halls, and as there 
seems to be no probability of an early change, 1 hereby resign my seat 
as a member of the Senate of Virginia from the counties of Hanover 
and Henrico, that the citizens of those counties may have an oppor- 
tunity of electing a senator at the time of the Presidential election. 

I am, &c. 

Sept. 6, 


C. H. 


Wms. C. Wickham to thb Governor. 

1861. That the people of Henrico may have an opportunity of electing a 

Fairfax Delegate at the time of the Presidential election, I hereby resign my 

C. H. gea t in the Convention of Virginia as a Delegate from the County of 

Henrico. I am induced to do so chiefly because I conceive it to be my 

duty to remain with my company so long as my services as its captain 

are required. 

I am, <fec. 

By the Governor op Virginia — A Proclamation. 

The Congress of the Confederate States of America, having passed an 
act providing that an election shall be held in the several States of the 
Confederacy on the first Wednesday in November, 1861, for members of 
the House of Representatives in the Congress of the Confederate States, 
and that the election shall be conducted in all respects according to the 
constitution of said confederacy and the laws of the several States in 
force for that purpose ; and the laws of this State having provided that 
the court of each County and the court for the corporation of Williams- 
burg, and for each corporation in which wards are established by law, 
shall before the election day appoint five free-holders as commissioners 
at the Court House and the like number for each place of voting in the 
county or corporation to superintend the election of members of Con- 
gress, and at the time of making such appointment shall also appoint 
one officer to conduct such election at the Courthouse and one at each 
place of voting in the County or corporation. And, moreover, the Con- 
vention of this State, having by ordinance provided that the qualified 
voters of the Commonwealth, who may be absent from the counties or 
corporations of their residence in the military service of the State on 
the day of election for members of the House of Representatives of the 
Confederate States, may vote in said elections at such place or places 
within their encampment as the commander at such encampment shall 
designate, whether the said encampment shall be within the limits of 
the State or not ; and the said ordinance having further provided that 
for each place of voting the commander of the encampment shall 
appoint a superintendent, three commissioners, and as many clerks as 
shall be necessary, who, after having been first duly sworn by him, shall 
perform the duties required of and be liable to the penalties imposed 
upon such officers under the election laws of the State, and the said 
Commissioners are required to cause separate polls to be opened for the 
election of members of Congress according to the regulations prescribed 
by said Ordinance. 


Therefore, I, John Letcher, Governor of the Commonwealth of Vir- 
ginia, do hereby require the Courts and persons whose duty it is to 
appoint such officers, to proceed to perform the duties prescribed as 
aforesaid, so that the election for members of Congress shall take place 
at the time prescribed, and in the manner provided. 



John Tyler, Jr., Acting Chief Bureau War, to the Governor. 

The Secretary of War desires me to express to you his acknowledg- 
ments and profound thanks for the prompt and patriotic response you 
have made to his letter of the 5th inst, requesting arms for a Regiment 
now near the city from the farther South. It gives me great pleasure to 
be made the medium of this communication, and to subscribe myself, 

Yours, <fcc. 

Sept. 10, 

L V. Walker, Secretary War Confederate States, to the 


Your Excellency's communication of the 9th inst. has been duly con- 
sidered, and it is not at all surprising you should evince so deep an in- 
terest in the appointments made by you in the service of Virginia and 
affected by the transfer executed by the authorities of that State to the 
Confederate States. But you will pardon me for saying that the action 
of this Department in relation to those appointments has not been pre- 
cisely that understood by you. So far as it has been possible to do the 
State appointments of Staff officers have been regarded and confirmed. 
In the exercise of the authority with which this Department is invested 
by law over the Staff of the army, it has generally deferred to the 
wishes of the Regiment to be specially affected by an appointment when 
expressed, unless strong objections to the appointment were known to 
exist. This rule has been acted upon not only with regard to Surgeons, 
but also in the cases of Quarter masters and commissaries. Whenever 
either of these classes of officers, commissioned by your Excellency, 
have been reported acceptable to the Regiments concerned, they have 
t>een confirmed in their commissions. And this rule will continue to be 
the policy of this Department until no additional staff appointments 
ire needed for the service. Many of the Regiments are slow in sending 
forward their recommendations, and this fact, in all probability, will 
lerve to explain the reason why some of the State appointees have 
>een refused pay. They could not be paid, of course, unless in the ser- 
vice of the Confederate Government, evidenced by its commission. It 

s true, those commissioned by the Confederate Government under the 


Sept 11, 



Sept. 11, 



sanction of that commission, would be paid for services rendered while 
holding the State commission, as the first would carry with it a recogni- 
tion of the last. So far as is remembered, nearly the whole number of 
Surgeons, Quarter Masters, and Commissaries made by your Excellency 
proved so unexceptionable that they were accepted and confirmed in 
their commissions. Only a very few of them were rejected for special 
and sufficient reasons. 

Your Excellency may rest assured that this Department has every 
disposition so to shape its action as to harmonize, if possible, most cor- 
dially with that of the State authorities of Virginia, and if your Excel- 
lency has suffered any different idea to prevail in respect to this busi- 
ness it is deeply to be regretted. 

I have the honor to remain, Yours, &c. 

J. Gorgas, Chief Ordnance, to the Governor. 

.8ept. 12, Asking that the cannon powder stored at Lexington be ordered to 
Richmond R i c h mon d for use at Evans' port, on the Potomac. 

S. Adams to Col. C. Dimmock. 

Sept. 12, I nave Deen officially informed that I have been appointed Master 
C. 8. Armory Armourer of the Confederate States army, in this city. Before accepting 
the office to which I have been appointed, it becomes necessary for me 
to resign the office of Master Armourer for the State of Virginia. 

Having the full permission of the Governor to enter into the service of 
the C. States, I desire that my services as State Master Armourer shall 
cease this day. 

I have completed the inventory of all the property received of this 
armory from H. Ferry, and a copy will soon be sent you. The ma- 
chinery and Tools sent to Fayetteville has not betn inventoried. It 
will bo necessary for the State to make an inventory of the property 
nent to Fayetteville unless you are willing to trust the C. States return 
of the Tools, machinery, &c. 

You will recollect Mr. Burton ordered the machinery and tools to be 
wnt to Fayetteville without being inventoried, believing that much 
dolay would be avoided in their operations by doing so. 

I am, &c. 

I do not rvoognize Mr. Adams as having served the State of Virginia 
In \\w oapnolty of Master Armourer since Mr. Burton received the ap- 
imliitmtmt of Superintendent of the Armory under the Confederate 

C. Dimmock. 


J. Bankhbad Magruder to the Oovernor. 

I have the honor to recommend that a Reg't of Artillery be formed of 1861. 
the following companies under my command, to-wit : wfiiams- 

lat. Capt. J. Thompson Brown's company of the Howitzer Batt'n. urg 

2nd. " R. C. Stanard's Co., Howitzer Battalion. 

3rd. " H. C. Cabell's light Artillery. 

4. u W. H. SouthalPs light Artillery. 

5. " Smith's Hampton Artillery, 32nd Reg't, EwelPs. 

6. " Johnson Sands' light artillery. 

7. " Wm. R. Garrett's " " (32d Reg't, Ewell.) 
8th. " A. H. Hawkins' " " " " 

9. u J. B. Cosnahan's " " " " 

10. " Wm. Allen's " " Jamestown Island. 

The efficiency of the artillery will be much improved by this organ- 
ization, and by sending four companies of infantry to Col. Ewell's 
Reg't (the 32d), the efficiency of which is now greatly impaired by its 
present anomalous organization of six companies of Infantry and four 
of artillery, I had the honor to recommend Major Randolph and 
Capte. Brown and Cabell as the field officers of this Reg't. The two 
former were distinguished for gallantry and able conduct at Bethel, and 
the latter is an excellent officer, has a very efficient Company, and has 
occupied an exposed position for a long time at Gloucester Point. 

There are ten other artillery companies in this Department which 
would be made more efficient if organized into a Regiment (viz., accom- 
panying paper). This organization gives them a responsible head, and 
if Major Randolph could be placed in command of both these Reg'ts 
as a Brig.-Gen'l, that portion of my command would soon be in a most 
efficient condition. I do not recommend that these Reg'ts be called 
"light artillery," but simply artillery, which will leave to the command- 
ing General of the Department the power to assign the companies not 
already assigned, as the wants of the army under his command require. 
Major Randolph's great and increasing knowledge of Artillery, its wants 
and management, and his wise and gallant conduct on all occasions, 
make it greatly to the interest of the service that he be placed in this 
responsible situation, and, in my judgment, no rank in the army, how- 
ever great, could be conferred upon him, the duties of which he would 
not discharge in a manner eminently conducive to our success. Major 
Randolph has no knowledge directly or indirectly of this application. 
He is quite satisfied to do his duty in any capacity ; but knowing, as I 
do, that he cannot be promoted too rapidly for the good of the common 
cause, I esteem it my imperative duty to bring the subject to your con- 
sideration, and through you to that of his Excellency the President. 



1861. From the large number of batteries in this Department — batteries of 

wlnkm*!- P 08 ^ 011 * army and navy, as well as field batteries — I feel the want of a 

burg capable head of the artillery, an undue portion of my time being occu- 
pied with organizing and supplying them with ammunition of every 
variety, besides having the officers and men taught their use. Major 
Randolph, from having been a naval officer, is thoroughly acquainted 
with navy guns, their ammunition, implements, and drill, and has made 
himself so with those of the army. I know there is scarcely an officer 
or man in this Department, and I presume in Virginia and the South, 
who knows him who would not be gratified on public as well as private 
grounds with such a promotion. I write urgently, because in truth 
there are few such men for our purposes among the many who are able 
and devoted. 

In case Major Randolph should be promoted, I have the honor t.o 
recommend Capt Brown for the Colonelcy in his place. The nephew of 
the Adj't-Gen'l of the State, Mr. Richardson, I am told, is a good Art^' 
lery Officer, and could then be made a Major of one of the Relets, ar^ 
Capt. Cabell L't-Colonel of one of them. 

I am, &c. 

List of Companies to form the Second Reg't of Artillery in the Pen» ' 
sula under Brig. -Gen '1 Magruder : 

1st. Capt J. B. Jordan's Com p. of Artillery. 





















T. B. Montague's 

J. R. Bagley's 

W. Nelson's 

G. V. Rambout's 

Jefferson Peyton's " 

Boutten's ft 

Otey's " 

Jordan's (Brother Capt J. B. Jordan) Artillery. 

Jeffri's Comp. of Artillery. 

All the Artillery companies of Virginia serving in the Peninsula and 

elsewhere are independent except those which have recently been formed 

into a Reg't under Colonel Randolph. 

Geo. Deas. 
Richm'd, Sep. 18th, 1861. 









Jefferson Davis, President C. S., to tub Governor. 

Sept 13, I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of this 

Richmond fa^ j am no ^ surprised at the anxiety you manifest for the security of 

Va., but regret that in reciting what remains to be done you are seem- 


ingly forgetful of how much has been done for the defence of Va., since 1861. 
your avowed " duty to see that the State suffer no detriment in the con- Richmond 
test in which we are engaged" became an obligation of the Govern- 
ment of the Confederate States. 

Gen! Huger has not reported to me his reasons for putting the heavy 
rilled guns famished to his command elsewhere than at Craney Island, 
the place specially indicated by you ; but I have so much confidence in 
his professional skill that I would not attempt to decide against his 
action upon a mere inspection of the map. 

All of the places named by you have received attention ,and more 
effective preparation than you appear to have known. 

A certain proportion of rifled guns are deemed useful, and all avail- 
able means have been employed to obtain the desired supply. Our 
line of defence is a long one, and my duty embraces all its parts. With 
the very limited means possessed, it is not to be expected that the sup- 
plies of the Confederate Gov't can keep pace with the wants of every 
locality, still less with the desires of local commanders. 

Any information which will aid me in the effort to repel invasion of 
the State of Va. will be thankfully received from you and used to the 
best of my ability to effect that end. 

I am, very respectfully, 

Y'rs, <fcc. 

Jefferson Davis, President Confederate States, to the Gov- 

Many thanks for your kind letter of this date. If ever sensitive it gent. 14, 
must be attributed to my consciousness of inability to do all which is Rich™ "*! 
needful, but you may be assured that I adhere to my fixed determina- 
tion not to have conflict with the Governors of the States, and in all 
things to seek for that cordial co-operation with them which alone can 
enable us to succeed in our present struggle. 

Very respectfully and truly yours. &c. 

J. E. B. Stuart to the Governor. 

1 have the honor to apply for 2 pieces of artillery, preferably 1 Sept 18, 
howitzer and 1 rifle piece, to be assigned to my reg't (1st cavalry) as Hea ^ uar .*" 
horse artillery, the cannoneers to be detailed from the Reg't, and mount son's Hill 
themselves, and the horses and harness furnished by the State with the 


1861. ^ 8 ** * 8 entirety * n y° ur power to supply this important element of 

Sept. 18, war, of which we have none, I heg of you, as a personal friend and as 
ers, IVinrri- a patriotic Executive, to let me have it; it can be done through Col. 
son's Hill Pendleton, who is, or soon will be, in Richmond. 

I need a Lieut-Col. very much, and have urged the appointment of 
Capt. Fitzhugh Lee. Lt.-Col. Ashby has never been assigned to my 
Reg't, and is serving with another. 

Most respectfully and truly, 

Your obed't Servant 

Jefferson Davis, President Confederate States, to the Gov- 

Sept. 21 f A reply to yours of the 18th has been delayed to enable me to learn 
Richmond j ne con( Jition of the companies which it is proposed to organize into a 
company of Artillery. 

My information is that they have been received as companies, and so 
mustered into service, after which the State Executive have no authority 
to appoint officers to give to them a higher organization. Where com- 
panies have been organized into a Regiment and vacancies occur among 
the Held officers, those vacancies will be filled according to the law of 
their original organization, that is to say, by election or appointment as 
the States may have provided. 

The commendation of Major Randolph has been noted, and accords 
with all I have previously heard of him. The letter of General Magru- 
der is herewith returned in compliance with your request. 

Very respectfully and truly yours, <fec. 

A. M. Keiley to A. 1). Hanks. 

Sept. 23, Soliciting aid in procuring a commission in the 12th Reg't, of which 

Camp Harri- ne wag a private, with sundry testimonials, 
son Farm r J 


Fitzhugh Lee to be Lieut-Colonel of the Regiment commanded by 
Colonel Stuart (Cavalry). 

Edmund Goode to be Colonel of the Regiment now forming at 

Samuel H. Letcher to be Lieut.-Colonel of same Regiment. 

Sept. 27th, 1861. John Letcher. 


F. J. Jackson to the Governor. 

Your very gratifying letter of the 7th inst. reached me yesterday. I 1861. 
have been expecting a visit from you for some time, and hope that you Gunf^nwir 
will give me timely notice of the day that you will be at the Station in Fairfax 
order that I may have an ambulance ready for you there, unless you 
prefer riding on horseback, in which case I will meet you there with a 
horse. The distance from the Station to my camp is about three miles. 

I know of no time more appropriate than the one you have selected 
for presenting to our Brave Virginia Volunteers the Flag of our noble 
Commonwealth, and may they defend her soil and honor with a courage, 
skill, and success that will prove the motto inscribed upon their Banner 
to be imprinted on their hearts. 

I hope that you will make your arrangements to remain with me as 
long as your time will permit. 

Sincerely your friend, &c. 

[Certificate of an election held on the 24th day of October, 1861, at the 
encampment of 1st Brigade, 2nd Corps, at Centreville, commanded by 
Major-GenlT. J. Jackson, signed by John W. Mitchell, E. G. Zane, and 
Win. W. Houston, for supplying vacancy from Marshall County in the 
State Convention of Virginia, caused by expulsion of James Burley, 
Jefferson T. Martin was chosen delegates, is filed. — Ed.] 

[Certificate of an election held on the 24th of October, 1861, in the 
36th Regt Va. Volunteers, in pursuance of orders of Lieut.-Col. L. W. 
Reid, for election of a delegate to the State convention from the County 
of Wood to fill vacancy occasioned by the expulsion of John J. Jackson, 
S'nr— E. D. McGuire was chosen as delegate — is filed. — Ed.] 

[Certificate of Gen'l T. J. Jackson of the appointment of commission- 
ers to conduct an election in the camp of the 1st Brigade, 2nd Army 
corps, in the county of Fairfax, on 24th of October, 1861, for a member 
of the convention of Virginia for the county of Ohio, to fill vacancy 
occasioned by the expulsion of Chester D. Hubbard, is filed. — Ed.] 


1861. Adj't and Ins'r-Gen'ls Office, 

Richmond, October 22, 1861, 
General Orders No. 15 : 

I. A Department is established to be known and designated as 

the Department of Northern Virginia. It will be composed of the 

three following Districts, viz. : 

The Valley District, The Potomac District, and The Aquia District 

The Valley District will embrace the section of country between the 
Blue Ridge and the Alleghany Mountains. 

The Potomac District, between the Blue Ridge mountain and the left 
bank of Powell's River; and the Aquia District, between Powell's 
River and the mouth of the Potomac, including the Northern Neck and 
embracing the Counties on either side of the Rappahannock River from 
its mouth to Fredericksburg. 

II. General J. E. Johnston is assigned to the command of the De- 
partment of Northern Virginia. 

General P. G. T. Beauregard to the command of the Potomac Dis- 
trict ; Major-General T. H. Holmes to the command of the Aquia Dis- 
trict ; and Major-General T. J. Jackson to the command of the Valley 

By order of the SecVy of War. 

[Signed] S. Cooper, 

Adj't and Insp. Genl. 

A. & I. G. 0., March 9th, 1862. 

Jno. Wither8, 

Ass't Adj't Genl. 

Certificates of Elijah Baker and Isaac 0. Austin, commissioners 
appointed to superintend the election at the Courthouse of Henrico 
county, held on the 24th of October, 1861, in pursuance of a writ of 
election to fill the vacancy occasioned by the resignation of Wms. C. 
Wickham, a member of the convention of this Commonwealth, do 
hereby certify that John B. Young received three hundred and twenty 
votes. A. A. Moreon rece'd one vote and Geo. W. Barker four votes. 

T. J. Jackson, Major-General Confederate States, to the 


Nov. SO, If tne Confederate States are unable to send troops to this place in 

Winchester sufficient numbers to drive the enemy from this district, I hope that 

Virginia will. Let not the idea of Federal forces wintering in Romney 



be tolerated for one moment I have been here for nearly a month, 
and during this time they have been reinforced so as at present, from 
the information received by me, they number near 7,000, and we must 
not be surprised if reinforcements not only continue to increase there, 
but also at Williamsport, Md.. and then by a simultaneous movement 
of two columns, one from Romney and the other from Williamsport, 
even Winchester should fall into their hands. In the Brigades of Gen'l 
Carson, Meem, and Boggs there are about 1,200 "men without arms. 
Genl Meem goes to Richmond in part for the purpose of procuring 
arms and accoutrements. If he does not succeed in procuring them 
from the Confederate States, I have instructed him to call on you and 
see what the State can do. You may rest assured that I will keep a 
good look out for the safety of the arms and accoutrements. 

If you do not hear of strong reinforcement* coming here, then please 
send me eight good field pieces and such equipments as you may have, 
and also ammunition for the pieces if you can furnish it, and with the 
forces here, aided by the militia coming in, let us drive the invader from 
the Valley. If the State has to do this work, the militia should have 
the percussion musket as far as practicable. Many of the Flint Locks 
fail to fire, and thus produce want of confidence on the part of the men. 
The militia have turned out nobly, and thus shown themselves worthy 
of the trust confided to them. Should you at any time receive a tele- 
gram from me to come on, you may understand that we are moving on 
the enemy, and that a battle is expected unless the foe retreats. Should 
Virginia have to do the work, I would deem your presence very impor- 
tant in consequence of the moral influence that the presence of the 
Executive of the commonwealth would exert over her troops. Fighting 
under his eye would be calculated to develop deeds of heroism that 
would not otherwise be manifested. 

You must not misunderstand me by supposing that I am complaining 
of the Confederate State Government. On the contrary, it is to be pre- 
sumed that the Confederate Government will do all that it can, but if it 
is unable to relieve Romney I ask that the State will. 

The existence of the Federal troops in Hampshire is greatly demoral- 
izing to our people. Please let me hear from you. 

Sincerely your friend, &c. 


Nov. 30, 


Frances H. Smith, Major-Gen'l and Sup't, to the Governor. 

I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your letter making 

inquiry in reference to the admission to the privileges of this. Institution 

of 53 Confederate cadets who have been appointed by the President 

I shall esteem it a privilege to do all in my power to facilitate the 


Dec 26, 



Dec. 26, 





wishes of the President. We have now some 250 Cadets on our rolls- 
and I will admit the appointees of the President upon the footing ol 
pay cadets, provided the Confederate Government will assume thes 
charges attendant thereon, estimated at $425 per annum. 

An order from the President, directing them to report to me for duty, 
and making them subject to my command, holding as I do a commission 
in the Confederate service, will be respected by me and carried into 
effect It will be necessary that I should be promptly advised on this 
subject, that arrangements may be made for the accommodation and 
instruction of these additional cadets. 

I am, <fec. 

1862. Executive Department, January 14th, 1862. 

Gentlemen of the Senate and House of Delegates : 

I transmit for your early consideration a letter from the acting 
Commissioner of Indian Affairs of the Confederate States, referring to 
the action of Congress in regard to the various Indian Tribes occupying 
the territory "west of Arkansas and Missouri, south of Kansas, North 
of Texas and New Mexico." A portion of this territory is occupied by 
the Choctaw Tribe of Indians. The Secretary of the Interior of the 
old United States government holds in trust for this Tribe the sum of 
$450,000 of the registered bonds of this State, upon which one year's 
interest is now due. These Indians having united themselves with the 
Confederate government, and the Confederate government having 
assumed "the Protectorate of the several nations and tribes of Indians," 
occupying the territory referred to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, 
now applies for the interest due on the Trust Bonds. 

I recommend that provision be made at once for the payment of the 
interest due to this tribe. 


John Letcher. 


March 3, 

John H. Winder to the Governor. 

The second Regiment, for local defence around Richmond, is nearly 
completed ; it is of great importance that the field officers should be 
appointed. I respectfully ask that you will give the subject your con- 
sideration. If it would not be taking too great a liberty, I would beg 
leave to suggest the name of Captain John C. Porter, of the 7th Reg't 
Va. Vols., as very suitable to be appointed Colonel of the Reg't. 

I am, <fec. 



I appoint Capt John C. Porter Colonel of the second Regiment of 1862. 

artillery for manning the Batteries around Richmond. -J**? * 1 3 » 

J ^ Richmond 

Major John C. Shields, Lieut.-Colouel in the same Reg't ; James B. 
Dorman, Major in the same Regiment. 

March 5th, 1862. 

John Letcher. 

J. T. Benjamin, Secretary War, *o the Governor. 

The exigencies of the public service require in order to repel the in- 
vasion of Virginia that her sons be called out in her defence more 
speedily than can be done under the operation of the law recently 
enacted by her Legislature. 

1 am, therefore, instructed by the President to call on you as the 
Governor of Virginia for the Immediate summons to the field, of forty 
thousand militia to be sent for the reinforcement of our Generals at the 
following points, namely : 

1. To Major-Gen '1 T. J. Jackson, twelve thousand men. 

2. To General Jos. E. Johnston, fifteen thousand men. 

3. To Major-General Holmes, three thousand men ; and 

4. To Major-General Huger, ten thousand men. 

I am, with great respect, yours, &c. 

March 8, 

Alfred Paul, French Consul, to the Governor. 

I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your Excellency's March 22, 
communication of the 21st inst., inclosing the copy of an order issued Ric hmond 
by Adjutant-General Richardson to the commandants of the Regiments 
of Militia at Camp Lee, near the city of Richmond, the purport of which 
is that unnaturalized aliens who have certificates from their consuls are 
to be discharged. 

The prompt action of your Excellency and the relief which has been 

the result of it, is a source of great gratification, and I am happy to 

acknowledge it 

I am, &c. 

Henry J. Morgan to the Governor. 

By your late proclamation, the militia of this as well as of the other March 25 
Southwestern Counties of this State are called upon to hold themselves Lee Co. 
in readiness for active duty and to obey the orders of Generals Heath 
and Marshall. 


1862. My object in addressing you is to call your attention to the peculiar 

Lee Co 5, con( *ition * n which the people of this county are placed, more particu- 
larly that of the 159th Reg't of militia. 

As you are aware, this county is a long, narrow belt of country 
bounded by Kentucky its entire length, a distance of at least 60 miles, 
with a average width of about seven or eight miles at most 

You are doubtless also aware that the people in Kentucky all along 
the line of (his county are our avowed enemies, and have for the last 
few weeks been committing depredations upon our citizens by stealing 
horses and other property. 

From Cumberland Gap to a point about opposite Jonesville, the 
county site, a distance of about 35 miles, this county lies adjoining 
" rebellious East Tennessee," and it is in that part of the county lying 
immediately between Tennessee and Kentucky that the 159th Reg't Va. 
Militia are situated, and it is through that part of the country that the 
Linconites of East Tennessee seek to make their way to Kentucky to 
join the Federal Army. This has been their passway since the bejiin- 
ninu; of our present difficulties, and a considerable number no doubt 
have succeeded in making their way through, notwithstanding the citi- 
zens have been on the alert all the while. 

About the commencement of the present war these East Tennesseeans 
frequently attempted to pass through this county in unarmed squads, 
and it was during the latter part of last summer or first of the fall that 
a squad of 24 men was taken by our police at one time, besides a num- 
ber of smaller ones. 

Recently, however, the aspect of affairs has changed. Last Saturday, 
the 22nd inst., it was ascertained that a body of East Tennesseeans, 46 
in number, armed with rifles, pistols, and pikes, had crossed from the 
Tennessee side into this county on their way to Kentucky. On their 
march through they arrested four or five citizens and drove them before 
them towards the Kentucky line. This startling news, as well it should, 
aroused our cit : zens, and they were determined to be avenged for this 
outrage; and accordingly, in a short time, a considerable number assem- 
bled with such arms as they could procure, who followed in pursuit of 
the Tory foe. Near the foot of the Cumberland mountain, and within 
a mile of the Kentucky line, our forces came up with the vile, miscreant 
enemy, stationed in a corn-field, drawn up in line of battle. As soon as 
our little force came within range of their rifles they were fired upon 
by the enemy, and our boys returned it most gallantly, killing one upon 
the field. The enemy, seeing that our boys were determined to conquer 
or die, fled from their position to a high hill near by, thickly covered 
with ivy and laurel, to which place they were eagerly pursued by our 
forces, killing three others, wounding five, and capturing 16 of the party. 
On our part one man was slightly wounded. 


Night coming on, our first Tankee hunt had to close, and but for this 1862. 
the entire party would have heen captured or killed. Two days before M ££ ^ 5 ' 
this another armed company of 41 passed through this county to Ken- 
tucky a short distance east of the courthouse. They succeeded in doing 
so by traveling in the night, and thereby eluded observation until too 
late for us to offer resistance. 

I learn from the prisoners captured that they were induced to make 
this bold and daring move under the belief that the militia of the 
county had been called into active service. 

Surrounded then on all sides as we are by a sneaking and dastardly 
enemy, if the militia not now in the service are called away, we are then 
left to the mercy of the enemy; our old men, helpless women and chil- 
dren are left in the hands of a ruthless, unrelenting, and unprincipled 

This county has now 8 companies in the service, amounting probably 
to 7 or 8 per cent of its white population. The citizens have armed 
four of said companies, and have, by doing so, almost deprived them- 
selves of the means of defending their own hearthstones. If it is 
within the |>ower of your Excellency, let me ask on behalf of the peo- 
ple of the county for one or two hundred muskets and a small amount 
of powder and lead, and that the 159th Reg't militia be allowed to re- 
main, where they are to defend their homes, their property, their wives, 
and their honour. 

I an), <fcc. 

Adju't and Insp.-Gen'l's Office, 

Richmond, Mar. 27th y 1862. 

General : 

In answer to your communication of yesterday, and the 

following Resolution of the Virginia Assembly therein enclosed — 

u Resolved, that the Governor be and he is hereby requested to com- 
municate to the General Assembly if he is informed, and if he is not, 
to ascertain in the promptest way for the purpose of communicating 
how many troops of all arms have engaged for three years or the war in 
the Confederate service from this State." 

I am directed by the Adj't and Insp.-General to say that he regrets 
the information asked for cannot be given more fully, the returns thus 
far received being very meagre. The records of this Department fur- 
nish the following statement : 

1st. 5 Companies composing a Batt'n, - 370 men. 

Companies of Artillery for the war, organized prior to 
Jan'ylat, 250 


1862. New Companies Artillery recently organVd (9), - 957 

Infantry " " (3), - 220 

Cav. " " (2), - 154 

Recruits from old Companies, - 495 

Re-enlisted, 1.355 

u u 


It is known unofficially that a large number of men have re-enlisted, 
and many new Companies have been organized who have not yet been 
reported to this office. 

Respectfully, y'r ob'd't servant, 

V. D. Groner, 
A. A. A. G. 

Description and Tried of the Lynch Gannon. 

The purpose of the Gun is to fire canister shot so that these shot shall 
be delivered with a vertical spread of the height of a man only, while 
the horizontal spread shall be of the length of a company of Infantry, 
thus to sweep a whole company. 

The gun exhibited (the first trial one) has a cross section of bore as 
follows : Horizontally two parallel lines of 4f inches long, with the 
ends rounded semi-circularly, the radius of which is £ inches and ver- 
tically 1J- inches, so that the opening at the muzzle is 6 inches by 1J 
inches, an area of 7 inches and a fraction about. 

At 300 yards from a target 100 ft. long by 8 feet high, with one pound 
of powder and 25 1 1-10 inch iron balls, 8 balls were put through, the 
horizontal spread being 125 ft, the vertical spreading being too great to 
be estimated, as the target was not wide enough. 

The second fire, all other circumstances being the same, 11 shot struck, 
horizontal spread 125 ft, vertical not determined. 

At 200 yards from the target, same charge of powder, with 48 (ounce) 
lead balls, 16 hit, horizontal spread 65 fLj vertical spread yet being too 
great for the target. 

At 100 yards from the target, with half pound of powder and 48 lead 
balls (ounce), 26 hit, horizontal spread 15 ft., vertical spread 7£ ft. 
(Aim bad.) 

Another fire, all things remaining, the hits were 43, horizontal spread 
67 ft., vertical 7£ ft. 

Other fires were had, but the above determines the idea had in view — 
to-wit that by a flat bore, with balls made to fit, cannon (small field 
pieces) can be made so that at the distance of 200 yards, or even more, 
a company in line would be destroyed in two or three discharges, and 


no troops could be brought within the range of such a dreadful weapon. isr>2. 
I hope you will urge the introduction of your gun as soon as possible, 
a? I am sure it will prove of inestimable value. 

Very Respectfully, 

C. DlMMfK'K, 

Col. Ord'ce. 

Head Quarters Dist. of Lkwisiutiki, 

Lewjsburg. April 4tlt y 1862. 

His Excellency, the Governor of Va. : 

Since my communication of 2nd Inst, was written and mailed, a 
committee of citizens from Pochahontas co. (the Commonwealth's att'y 
being one) waited upon me regarding the Rangers. I asked them to 
state what they had to say in writing. The enclosed letter is what I 
have rece'd in response. What is therein stated I do not doubt. Mar- 
tial Law having been proclaimed in my district, I now have the author- 
ity to disarm the two companies of "Rangers" now here (Dunn's and 
SpriggV). Courtesy, I think, demands that I should inform you that I 
intend doing this at once, and I beg leave respectfully to request that you 
will not legalize the formation of any more similar organizations in this 
section of the country, believing the good of our cause will be promoted 

Respectfully your obed't serv't, 

H. Heth, 
Brig.-Gen'l Comm'd'g. 

Head Quarters Dist. of Lkwisrurg, 

Lewisburk, April 2nd, 1862. 
His Excellency the Gov'r of Va. : 

I feel it my duty to inform you of certain facts arising from the 
organization of the irregular force known as " Rangers,' 1 authorized by 
an act of the Legislature of Va. 

The Companies of this organization, which have come under my ob- 
servation, are simply organized bands of robbers and plunderers, steal- 
ing the thunder of and basing their claims to organization upon the 
meritorious and daring acts of a few brave men. The parties, or many 
of them composing the organization, are notorious thieves and murder- 
ers, more ready to plunder friends than foes. With such material as a 
basis, it would be surprising to find organization. They do as they 
please, go where they please. The effect of this organization upon 
the volunteering has been very injurious. Many, especially the 
worthless, like the privilege of fighting (as they say) on their own 


1862. responsibility, which, interpreted, means roaming over the coun- 
try, taking what they want and doing nothing. The choice arms 
of the State have been furnished these people. This has induced many 
to believe that they are a favored organization. A guerrilla force, with- 
out being closely watched, becomes an organized and licensed band of 
robbers. Properly organized in small parties, they are very efficient 
I have contemplated very seriously disarming the two companies now 
here (Downs and Spriggs), simply as an act of protection to the good 
citizens of this county. A guerrilla chief should be able to enforce 
obedience, and command the respect of his associates. These men 
(Downs and Spriggs) do neither. This organization has become a loop- 
hole through which hundreds are escaping draft, and, in fact, all service. 
I respectfully invite your attention to the n.atter, convinced, as I am, 
that but one side of the picture has been presented to you. This sub- 
ject would be a matter of entire indifference to me was it not for the ex- 
tent which it militates against the good of our State and country. 

Very Respect'ly, your obed't serv't, 

H. Heth, 
Brig.-Genl Comm'g. 

Wm. Skeen, . Attorney Commonwealth, to Gbn'l H. Heth. 

April 4, The militia of my county have been called out The forces at Hun- 
Lewiflburg ^raviHe nave f a n e n back, and the wives and daughters and property of 
the men of Pochahontas left to the mercy of the enemy and the 
" Rangers." 

Springing full armed into existence (not from the brain of a heathen 
goddess, but from hasty legislation), the " Rangers " are a terror to the 
loyal and the true everywhere, and cannot, whilst engaged in the mur- 
der of our citizens and the stealing of their property, be of any service 
to Virginia or her cause. 

Need I tell you what you must know, that Virginia has armed these 
men to murder, rob, steal, and commit all other offences of a less grade, 
and that they are doing it ; that they are the supreme judges of the 
loyalty of Virginians, and pass sentence of death or confiscation of pro- 
perty without evidence or the shadow of it, and execute their sentence 
of death and decretal orders of confiscation on any man they desire to 
kill and rob, or who has the misfortune to have sufficient property to be 
styled by them "Union men." Surely not you know it. Some of 
them have murdered citizens of Pocahontas; others have stolen their 
horses. Three murders ! Three Robberies! and 15 to 20 horses stolen! 
sums up their offence as reported to me in Pocahontas; but their decree 



has gone forth, and this is hut the beginning of the end unless they are 1862. 
brought in subjection to your command aud the laws of the land. i^£\ulmn 

I demand that they shall he, or that the militia of Pocahontas be dis- 
banded and sent back to defend their families and property from the 
depredations of these lawless banditti, since the first duty of a man in 
a government that fails to protect his family and property is to God and 
his own household. 

If it he true, as alledged in our bill of rights (and I believe it), that a 
well-regulated militia, composed of the body of the people trainku to arms, 
is the proper, natural, and safe defence of a free State, why not take 
the arms from these blackguards and scoundrels and place them in the 
hands of the militia of Alleghany, who, unarmed, stand ready in your 
camp to carry the flag of Virginia anywhere you may order if the wea- 
pons of warfare are placed in their hands ? 

If power to disband the " rangers " or the militia of Pocahontas is 
not given you — if you cannot bring them into subjection to law and 
order — I beg that you will appeal to the Governor of Virginia for the 
power necessary to the end, and in the mean time that you will aid the 
civil authorities in arresting and bringing to justice two rangers by the 
name of Tuning and one Cunningham for the murder of my county 
men, Arbogast, Buzzard, and Alderman, and that you will order (of 
course I know that they will respect the order or not, just as they please) 
the restoration of the horses taken to the owners, all of whom are not 
known to me, but I have been furnished with the names following as the 
owner each of one horse — viz. : 

Morgan Anderson (1), Peter Joel and Adam Hill (3), Fielding Boggs 
(1), James Snedegar (1), James Kee (1), Frank Armstrong (1), and 

Young, of Stony Creek (1), or that you will aid in having the 

rogues arrested and brought to punishment. 

Trusting that you will regard it as a pleasure and a duty to aid in rid- 
ding the State of an armed nuisance that every day shews itself power- 
less for good, but omnipotent for evil ; that the rangers will be brought 
into subjection and made to obey orders, or to be disarmed and sent 
back to Yankeedom and good men placed in possession of their guns to 
dispatch them on their returning raids. 

Of course I do not mean to say that there are not some good men 
belonging to the " rangers," but neither officers or the good have power 
over the vicious and the bad, and the last are daily absorbing the first. 
A good man and loyal citizen has no more business with them than with 
the inmates of the Penitentiary at Richmond. 

I am, &c. 



1862. Executive Depart., April 28rd, 1862. 

Gen'l Wm. H. Richardson, 

Adj't-General : 
The second class of the militia, so far as enrolled and organized 
under the act creating that force, will be ordered at once to hold them- 
selves in readiness for duty. Places for their rendezvous will he desig- 
nated, and they will be ordered to provide themselves with necessaries 
for service. Arms will be furnished when assembled at the rendevous 
designated. Future orders will be issued when the force is ready for 
duty. They are to be assigned as part of the force under the command 
of Gen'! Henry A. Wise. 

By order of the Governor : 

George W. Munford, 

Sec'y of the Com 'lth. 

George W. Munford, Secretary of Commonwealth, to Gen. 

H. A. Wise. 

April 29, Since the Governor's order requiring the second class of the militia to 
Richmond ^ e ne j ( j m rea di ne8S f or service, intended them, as you know, to be 

assigned to your command, much objection has been raised by the men 
composing this class to being ordered beyond the vicinity of the city, 
and there being doubt as to the construction of the law, the Governor 
submitted the question to the Attorney -General for his written opinion. 
That officer has examined the question, and decides that the law does 
not authorize the force to be sent to a distance for the general defence. 
Under these circumstances the Governor requests me to say he will be 
constrained to rescind his order assigning the force when called out to 
your command. 

I am, &c. 

Executive Department Va., April 29th, 1862. 

His Excellency Henry T. Clarke, 

Gov'r of N. C. : 


The present condition of our national affairs renders it essen- 
tially necessary that there should be an entire reciprocity of trade be- 
tween the States. 

Cut off, as we are, by the Lincoln Blockade from European markets 
and made to be entirely dependent upon our own resources for our sue- 


tenance, it should be the united effort of the Executives of all the Con- 1862. 
federates States so to co-operate as to develop to their fullest extent the 
resources of each, and thus to strengthen the whole. 

The people of Virginia, ever self-sacrificing, have to their utmost 
capacity contributed men, money, and materials of war in our struggle 
for Independence, and her authorities have avoided every act which by 
possibility might be construed into an act of unfriendliness to any of 
the sister States. It is with sorrow then that our people have seen that 
it has pleased your Excellency to lay an embargo on the exportation of 
the cotton and woolen manufactures of your State." The principles of 
your proclamation might well apply to States outside of the Confed- 
eracy, but as between us, I repeat, there should be the most entire reci- 
procity of trade and liberality of intercourse. 

If the policy indicated by your proclamation should obtain and be 
adopted by the Executive of this State, for instance, in the article of 
salt; of Louisiana, in the article of surgar; and so on of each of the 
other States in their respective staples, it would require no northern 
army to " scotch," if not u kill," the young republic in the first throes of 
its birth. 

I am fully warranted by the past in your administration to assume 
that so dreadful a result would be deplored by none more than yourself, 
and I sincerely trust that it will occur to your Excellency to reconsider 
this matter, and not only to throw open wide and free the gateways of 
trade between the States, but by all possible means to stimulate your 
people to extend their efforts in the increase of the products of your 
noble State. 

If, however, your Excellency shall feel constrained to adhere to the 
policy declared in your proclamation, the sister States of North Caro- 
lina will be compelled to follow your lead, creating distress and ill-will 
where prosperity and brotherly love should prevail. 

I will most cordially and at all times unite with you and the Gover- 
nors of the other States to build up and strengthen each other, thereby 
not only nerving but furnishing our people with the means to establish 
and maintain our Independence. 

I am, with high respect, 

Your Excellency's obed't serv't, 

[Signed] John Letcher, 

Official : S. Bassett French, A. D. C. 


18(52. Executive Department Va., 

Richmond, June. 12th, 1862. 

The General Assembly of Virginia, at its last session, in- 
structed the Governor of the Commonwealth to send a commissioner to 
Williamsburg to make such arrangements as might be necessary for the 
support and comfort of the Inmates of the Lunatic Asylum. 

A copy of this resolution was sent to the Federal Commander and a 
Hag of truce asked to convey this agent. This was promptly granted, 
and the Hon. Judge W. W. Crump, under the direction of his Excel- 
lency and under the safe conduct of the said Federal Commander, was 
sent on the 26th ult., since which time nothing has been heard of or 
from him. 

It has been reported to this Department that General McClellan has 
taken this Institution under his own care, and has deposed the officers 
instituted by the State authorities and installed others of his own crea- 
tion, and that this had been done before the flag was granted to convey 
Judge Crump. 

Through you it is respectfully asked that the release of Judge Crump 
be demanded, and vour early and earnest attention is desired. Be 
pleased to have the accompanying letter to Judge C. transmitted at the 
same time. 

I am, General, 

With high respect, your obed't serv't, 

S. Bassett French, A. D. C. 

Gen'l Rob't E. Lee, Comm'd'g Confed. Forces. 

Head Qi'arters D abbs' House, 13th June, 1862. 


I am directed by Gen'l Lee to acknowledge the receipt of 
your letter of yesterday's date relative to the Hon. Judge Crump and 
his. mission to Williamsburg, and to say that in compliance with the re- 
quest of His Exc'y the Gov'r of Virginia, Gen'l McClellan has been de- 
sired to permit the return of Judge C. to Richmond, if the circum- 
stances are correctly reported concerning the Lunatic Asylum, and 
Judge C. is unable to accomplish any good in connection with his mis- 

I am, most respectfully, 

Your obed't serv't, 

W. H. Taylor. 

Col. S. Bassett French, Maj'r and Aide- De-Camp, Richmond. 


J. R. Tucker, Attorney-General, to the Governor. 

In answer to your enquiry whether there is any power vested in the 1862. 
Executive to take any action in respect to the supply of salt to the peo- jfich 6 ?J'i 
pie of the Commonwealth by seizing, or taking on behalf of the State, 
the Salt works and working the same for the production and sale of 
Salt, I have the honor to submit my views in writing. 

There is no law or resolution of the General Assembly which gives 
any such authority to the executive, as far as I am apprised, and I have 
examined the published acts and the Rolls of the last session not yet 

The question remains what power pertains to the Executive without 
authority of the legislative department in this matter. 

I am of opinion there is none, except that which results from his 
authority as commander-in-chief, and that is only for the use of the 
troupe under his command, by virtue of the law to be found in the 32nd 
cliapter of the Code. 

The power to take private property for public uses is a legislative 
power. This is shown as well upon a consideration of the nature and 
history of the power as upon the provisions of the Bill of Rights and 
constitution of Virginia. 

Taxation and the subjection of property to public use are, in their 
nature, similar exercises of power. The latter is the larger power of 
the two, as it subjects the whole property, while the former subjects but 
a part It cannot be then that when taxation is an admitted legislative 
power, the other can belong to the executive. In England such a ques- 
tion has been settled beyond all doubt since the Revolution. It cannot 
be held otherwise here. 

But the 6th Article of the Bill of Rights settles the question by de- 
claring that no men can be " taxed on deprived of their property for 
public uses without their own consent or that of their representatives so 
elected." The representatives referred to are clearly those constituting 
the legislature. 

In the Constitution. Art 3, § 15, which prescribes limitations upon the 
legislative power, it is declared the General Assembly shall not pass 
4, any law whereby private property shall be taken for public uses with- 
out just compensation." 

Thus it appears that the Constitution regarded this power as a legisla- 
tive power, for had it been considered an Executive power no reason can 
be assigned or conceived why the legislative power should be subject to 
a restriction not imposed upon the Executive, for certainly if it be an 
-Executive power it would result that the Executive might seize without, 
while the legislature could only seize upon* just compensation, which 
would be absurd. 


1862. But the legislative character of the power is shown by the restriction. 

June 20, The Executive can make no just compensation, for no money can be 
drawn from the treasury except u in pursuance of appropriation made by 
law." The power must belong to that department which can do that 
thing (make compensation), without which it is clear the constitution 
intended it should never be exercised. 

I regret to say that the public exigency, great as it no doubt is in this 
matter, does not occur at a time when the law and Constitution will give 
authority to the Executive to relieve the public necessity by the exercise 
of proper power. 

The Executive has none in the premises. 

I am, &c. 

Report of the Pamunkey Expedition. 

H'd Q'rs Cavalry Brigade, June 17th, 1862. 

In compliance with your written instructions, I under- 
took an expedition to the vicinity of the enemy's lines on the Pamunkey 
with about 1/200 cavalry and a section of the Stuart Horse Artillery. 

The Cavalry was composed of portions of the 1st, 4th, and 9th Va. 
cavalry. The 2nd named, having no Field officer present, was for the 
time being divided between the first and last mentioned, commanded 
respectively by Col. Fitz Lee and Col. W. H. Fitzhugh Lee. Also two 
squadrons of the Jeff Davis Legion, enmraanded by L't-Col. W. T. 
Martin, the section of Artillery being commanded by 1st Lieut. James 

Although the expedition was prosecuted farther than was contem- 
plated in your instructions, I feel assured that the considerations which 
actuated me will convince you that 1 did not depart from their spirit, 
and that the boldness developed in the subsequent direction of the march 
was the quintescence of prudence. 

The destination of the expedition was kept a profound secret (so. 
essential to success), and was known to my command only as the actual 
march developed it. The force was quietly concentrated beyond the 
Chickahominy, near Kelly's station, on the R., F. & P. R. Road, and 
moved thence parallel to and to the left of that Road. Scouts were 
kept far to the right to ascertain the Enemy's whereabouts, and advanced 
guard flankers and rear guard to secure our column against surprise. I 
purposely directed my first day's march towards Louisa so as to favor 
the idea of reinforcing Jackson, and camped just opposite Hanover C. 
H., near South Anna Bridge (R., F. & P. R. Road), 22 miles from Rich- 
mond. Our noiseless bivouac was broken early next morning, and with- 


out Flag or Bugle sound we resumed our march, none but one knew 1862. 
whither. I, however, immediately took occasion to make known my 
instructions and plans confidentially to the Reg't commanders so as to 
secure an intelligent action and co-operation in whatever might occur. 
Scouts had returned indicating no serious obstacles to my march from 
that to Old Church, directly in rear of and on the overland avenue of 
communication to New Bridge and vicinity. 

I proceeded, therefore, via Hanover C. H. upon the route to Old 
Church. Upon reaching the vicinity of Hanover C. II., I found it in 
the possession of the enemy, but very little could be ascertained about 
the strength and nature of his forces. I, therefore, sent Col. Fitz Lee's 
Ueg't 1st Va. Cav. to make a detour to the right, and reach the enemy's 
route behind him, to ascertain his force here and crush it if possible, 
bat the enemy, proving afterwards to be 150 cavalry, did not tarry long, 
but left, my column following slowly down, expecting every moment to 
hurl him upon Lee, but owing to a bad marsh, Col. Lee did not reach 
the intersection of roads in time, and the Cavalry (the Regular Sixth) 
passed on in the direction of Mechanicsville. This course deviating too 
much from our direction, after the capture of a Sergeant, they were 
allowed to proceed, without interruption, on their way. 

Our march led thence by Taliaferro's Mill and Enon Church to Haw's 
Shop. Here we encountered the first picquets, surprised and caught 
several videttes, and pushed boldly forward, keeping advanced guard 
well to the front. The Reg't in front was the 9th Va. Cav. (Col. W. H. 
F. Lee), whose advance guard, entrusted to the command of the Adj't, 
Lieut. Robins, did admirable service. Lieut. R. handling it in the most 
skillful manner, managing to clear the way for the march with little 
delay, and infusing by a sudden dash at a picquet such a wholesome 
terror that it never paused to take a second look. 

Between Haw's shop and old church the advance guard reported the 
Enemy's cavalry in force in It proved to be the 5th Regular 
cavalry, formerly the 2nd, commanded by yourself. The leading 
squadron was ordered forward at a brisk gait, the main body following 
closely, and gave chase to the enemy for a mile or two, but not coming 
up with him, we crossed the To-to-poto-noy — a strong position of de- 
fence which the enemy failed to hold — a confession of weakness. In 
such places half a squadron was deployed a foot as skirmishers till the 
point of danger was passed. On ! on dashed Robins, here skirting a 
field, there leaping a fence or ditch, and clearing the woods beyond. 
When not far from old church the enemy made a stand, having been re- 
inforced. The only mode of attacking being in column of fours along 
the road. I still preferred to oppose the enemy with one squadron at a 
time, remembering that he who brings on the field the last cavalry re- 
serve wins the day. The next squadron, therefore, moved to the front 


1862. under the command of Capt. Latane, making a most brilliant and suc- 
cessful charge, with drawn sabres, upon the enemy's picket ground, and 
after a hotly contested hand-to-hand comflict put him to flight, but not 
till the gallant Captain had sealed his devotion to his native soil with 
his blood. The enemy's route (2 squadrons by one of ours) was com- 
plete ; they dispersed in terror and confusion, leaving many dead on the 
field, anil blood in quantities in their tracks ; their commander, Captain 
Royall, was reported mortally wounded. Several officers and a number 
of privates were taken in this conflict, and a number of horses, arras 
and equipments, together with Five Guidons. The woods and fields 
were full of the scattered and disorganized foe, straggling to and fro, 
and but for the delay and the great incumbrance which they would 
have been to our march, many more could and woulc] have been cap- 
tured. Col. Fitz I^ee, burning with impatience to cross sabres with his 
old Reg't, galloped to the front at this point and begged to be allowed to 
participate with his Reg't (the 1st Va. Cav.) in the discomfiture of his 
old comrades, a request I readily granted, and his leading squadron 
pushed gallantly down the road to old church, but the fragments of 
Royall's command could not again be rallied, and Col. Lee's leading 
squadron charged, without resistance, into the enemy's camp (5 co's) 
and took possession of a number of Horses, a quantity of arms, and 
stores of every kind, and several officers and privates. 

The stores, as well as the tents, in which every thing had been left, 
were speedily burned and the march resumed. (Whither?) Here was 
the turning point of the Expedition. Two routes were before me — the 
one to return to Hanover C. H., the other to pass around through New 
Kent, taking the chances of having to swim the Chickahominy and 
make a bold effort to cut the enemy's lines of communication. The 
Chickahominy was believed by my guides to be fordable near Forge 
Bridge. I was fourteen miles from Hanover C. H., which I would have 
to pass if I returned. The enemy had a much shorter distance to pass 
to intercept me there, besides the South Anna was impassable, which 
still further narrowed the chances of escape in that direction; the 
enemy, too, would naturally expect me to take that route. These cir- 
cumstances led me to look with more favor to my favorite scheme dis- 
closed to you before starting, of passing around ; it was only 9 miles to 
Tunstall's station, on the York River R. R., and that point once passed 
I felt little apprehension beyond ; the route was one of ail others which 
I felt sure the enemy would never expect me to take. 

On that side of the Chickahominy Infantry could not reach me before 
crossing, and I felt able to whip any cavalry force that could be brought 
against me. Once on the Charles City side, 1 knew you would, when 
aware of my position, if necessary, order a diversion in my favor on the 
Charles City road to prevent a move to intercept me from the direction 


of the white oak swamp. Besides this, the hope of striking a serious 18C2. 
blow at a boastful and insolent foe, which would make him tremble in 
bis shoes, made more agreeable the alternative I chose. In a brief and 
frank interview with some of my officers, I disclosed my views, but 
while none accorded a full assent, all assured me a hearty support in 
whatever I did. With an abiding trust in God, and with such guaran- 
tees of success as the two Lees and Martin and their devoted followers, 
this enterprise I regarded as most promising. Taking care, therefore, 
more particularly after the resolve to enquire of the citizens the distance 
and route to Hanover C. H., I kept my horse's head steadily towards 
Tunstall's station. 

There was something of the sublime in the implicit confidence and 
unquestioning trust of the rank and file in a leader guiding them 
straight apparently into the very jaws of the enemy, every step appear- 
ing to them to diminish the faintest hope of extrication. Reports of 
toe enemy's strength at Garlick's and Tunstall's were conflicting, but 
generally indicated a small number ; prisoners were captured at every 
rtep, including officers, soldiers, and negroes. The rear now became of 
ai much interest and importance as the front, but the duties of rear 
guard devolving upon the Jeff Davis Legion, with the Howitzer at- 
tached, its conduct was entrusted to its commander, Lt.-Col. Martin, in 
whose judgment and skill I had entire confidence. He was not at- 
tacked, but at one time the enemy appeared in his rear bearing a flag 
of truce, and the party, 25 in number bearing it, actually surrendered to 
bis rear guard, so great was the consternation produced by our march. 

An Assistant surgeon was also taken ; he was " en route " and not in 
charge of sick. Upon arriving opposite Garlick's, I ordered a squadron 
from the 9th Va. Cav. to destroy whatever could be found at the land- 
ing on the Pamunky. Two transports, loaded with stones, and a large 
number of wagons were here burnt, and the squadron rejoined the col- 
umn with a number of prisoners, horses, and mules. A squadron of 
the 1st Va. Cav. (Hammond's) assisted in this destruction. 

A few picked men, including my aids (Burks, Farley, and Moseley), 
were pushed forward rapidly to Tunstall's to cut the wires and secure 
the Depot Five companies of Cavalry escorting large wagon trains 
were in sight, and seemed at first disposed to dispute our progress, but 
the sight of our column, led by Lee, of the 9th, boldly advancing to the 
combat, was enough; content with a distant view, they fled, leaving 
their trains in our hands. The party that reached the Rail Road • at 
Tunstall's surprised the guard at the Depot (15 or 20 Infantry), cap- 
tured them without their firing a gun, and set atx>ut obstructing the 
Rail Road, but before it could be thoroughly done, and just as the head 
of our column reached it, a Train of cars came thundering down from 
the " Grand Army." It had troops on board, and we prepared to attack 



1862. it The train swept off the obstructions without being thrown from the 
track, but our fire, delivered at only a few rods distance, either killed or 
caused to feign death every one on board, the Engineer being one of the 
first victims from the unerring fire of ('apt. Farley. It is fair to pre- 
sume that a serious collision took place on its arrival at the White 
House, for it made extraordinary speed in that direction. 

The Rail Road Bridge over Black Creek was fired under the direction 
of Lieut. Burke, and it being now dark, the burning of the immense 
wagon train and the extricating of the teams involved much lal>orand 
delay, and illuminated the country for miles. The roads at this point 
were far worse than ours, and the Artillery had much difficulty in pass- 
ing. Our march was finally continued by bright moonlight to Talleys- 
ville, where we halted 3J hours for the column to close up. At this 
point we passed a large hospital of 150 patients. I deemed it proper 
not to molest the surgeons and attendants in charge. At 12 o'clock at 
night the march was continued without incident under the most favor- 
able auspices to Fort Bridge (8 miles), over the Chickahominy, where 
we arrived just at daylight. 

Lee, of the 9th, by personal experiment, having found the stream not 
fordable, axes were sent for and every means taken to overcome the 
difficulties by improvised bridges and swimming. 1 immediately dis- 
patched to you information of my situation, and asked for the diversion 
already referred to. 

The progress in crossing was very slow at the point chosen, just above 
Forge Bridge, and learning that at the Bridge proper enough of the 
debris of the old Bridge remained to facilitate the construction of an- 
other, material for which was afforded by a large warehouse adjacent, 1 
moved to that point at once. 

Lieut Redmond Burke, who in every sphere has rendered most valu- 
able service and deserves the highest consideration at the hands of the 
Government, set to work with a party to construct the Bridge. A foot- 
bridge was soon improvised, aud the horses were crossed over as rapidly 
as possible by swimming. Burke's work proceeded like magic ; in three 
hours it was ready to bear Artillery and Cavalry, and as half of the 
latter had not yet crossed, the Bridge enabled the whole to reach the 
other bank by one o'clock P. M. 

Another branch of the Chickahominy still further on was with some 
difficulty forded, and the march was continued without interruption to- 
wards Richmond. Having passed the point of danger, I left the column 
with Col. Lee, of the 1st. I rode on to report in person to you, reach- 
ing your H'd Q'rs at daylight next morning. 

Returning to ray command soon after the prisoners, 165 in number, 
were transferred to the proper authority, 260 horses and mules captured, 
with more or less harness, were transferred to the Q. M. Dep'ts of the 


different Reg'ts, and the commands were sent to other respective camps. i862. 
The number of captured arms has not been as yet accurately ascertained. 
A pole was broken which obliged us to abandon a limber this side of 
the Chickahominy. 

The success attending this Expedition will no doubt cause 10,000 or 
15,000 men to be detached from the enemy's main body to guard his 
communications, besides accomplishing the destruction of millions 
worth of property and the interruption for a time of his Rail Road com- 

The three commanders — the two Lees and Martin — exhibited the 
characteristics of skillful commanders, keeping their commands well in 
hand and managing them with skill and good judgment, which proved 
them worthy of a higher trust. 

Their brave men behaved with coolness and intrepidity in danger, un- 
swerving resolution before difficulties, and stood unappalled before the 
rushing torrent of the Chickahominy, with the probability of an enemy 
at their heels armed with the fury of a tigress robbed of her whelps. 
The perfect order and systematic disposition for crossing maintained 
throughout the passage insured its success and rendered it the crowning 
feature of a successful Expedition. 

I hope, General, that your sense of delicacy, so manifest on former 
occasions, will not prompt you to award to the Lees (your son and 
nephew) less than their full measure of praise. Embalmed in the 
hearts and affections of their Regiments, tried on many occasions requir- 
ing coolness, decision, and bravery, everywhere present to animate, 
direct, and control, they held their Regiments in their grasp and proved 
themselves brilliant Cavalry leaders. 

The discipline maintained by L't-Col. Martin in his command, and 
referred 10 in his report, is especially worthy of notice, as also his refer- 
ence to the energy displayed by 1st Lieut. James Breathed, of Stuart's 
horse Artillery. 

I am, most of all, indebted to 1st Lieut. D. A. Timberlake, Corp'l 
Turner Doswell and Priv'te J. A. Timberlake, 4 Va. Caw; 2nd Lieut. 
Jones R. Christian and Private R. E. Frayser, 3rd Va. Caw, who were 
ever in advance, and without whose thorough knowledge of the country 
and valuable assistance rendered, 1 could have effected nothing. Assist. 
Surgeon J. B. Fontain, 4th Va. Caw, (the enemy giving him little to do * 
in his profession) was bold and indefatigable in reconnoissance, and was 
particularly active in his efforts to complete the Bridge. 

Capt Heros Van Borcke, a Prussian Caw officer who lately ran the 

Blockade assigned me by the Hon. Sec. of War, joined in the charge of 

the 1st squadron in gallant style, and subsequently, by his energy, skill, 

and activity, won the praise and admiration of all. 

To my staff present, my thanks are especially due for the diligent 


1802. performance of the duties assigned them. They were as follows : 1st 
Lieut. John Eaten Cooke, Ord. officer, my principal staff officer for the 
occasion. 1st Lieut. C. Dabney, A. D. C. ; Rev. Mr. Landstreet, Capts. 
Farley, Towles, Fitz Hugh, and Mosby rendered conspicuous and gal- 
lant service during the whole expedition. 

My escort under Corp'l Hagan are entitled individually to my thanks 
for their zeal and devotion to duty, particularly Priv'ts Carson, of the 
Jeff Davis Legion, and Pierson, of the 4th Va. Cavalry. 

Herewith are submitted the reports of subordinate commanders, 
marked A, B, and C, and a map " D," showing my route, and papers 
" E," containing recommendations for promotion, and *' F," containing 
congratulatory orders published to the command upon its return. 

I have the honor to be, 

Your most obed't servant, 

J. E. B. Stuart, 

Brig.-Gen'l Com'd'g Cavalry. 
To Gen'l R. E. Lee, Com'd'g Depart of Virginia and Carol inas. 

[Papers A, B, C, D, and F, referred to in the foregoing report, cannot 
be found. — Ed.] 

Paper E. 

H'd QVs Cavalry Brigade, June 17th, 1862. 

General : 

I have the honor to append to my report of the Paraun- 

key Expedition the following recommendations, which were suggested 

more particularly by the distinguished service rendered there : 

1st. Col. Fitz Hugh Lee, 1st Va. Cavalry, for promotion as Brig.- 
Gen'l of Cavalry. In my estimation, no one in the Confederacy pos- 
sesses more of the elements of what a Brigadier of Cavalry ought to be 
than he. 

2. Col. W. H. F. Lee, rivalling his cousin in daring exploit* of this 
Expedition, established a like claim to promotion to the same grade. 

3. Lt.-Col. W. T. Martin to have Shannon's and two other Co s added 
to the Legion, so as to be a Colonel, a grade which he has fairly won. 

4. Assist. Surjr. J. B. Fontain, to be surgeon of his Reg't (4th Va. 
Cavalry), now without one. Dr. Fontain is a man of signal military 
merit, and an adept in his profession. 

5. M. Heros Van Borke (a Prussian Cavalry officer) has shown him- 
self a thorough soldier and a splendid officer. I hope the Department 
will confer as high a commission as possible on this deserving man. 
who has cast his lot with us in this trying hour. 

6. 1st Lieut. Redmond Burke to be captain for the important service 
rendered by him on this occasion. 


7. Capt's W. D. Farley and J. O. Mosby, without commissions, have i8«2. 
established a claim for position, which a grateful country will not, I, 

trust, disregard. Their distinguished services run far back towards the 
beginning of the war, and present a shining record of daring and use- 

8. 1st Lieut W. T. Robins, Ad'g't 9th Va. Cavalry, would be a valua- 
ble addition to the regular army. 

I have the honor to be, General, 

Your most obed't serv't, 

J. E. B. Stuakt, 
Brig.-Gen'l Com'd'g Cavalry. 

To GenT R. E. Lee, Com'd'g Depart's of Virginia and Carolinas. 

[Copy for his Excellency Gov. John Letcher, Govt of Va.] 

I). B. Stuart to the Governor. 

Allow me to call your attention to a few facts in regard to the condi- Sept 19, 
tion of a number of citizens of the Commonwealth who are detained in u ,mon 
Camp Chase, near Columbus, Ohio. 

I was confined there for a short time during last month, and found a 
nuinl»er of citizens, principally from the upper valley and the N. West, 
who are held as u political prisoners." Among these I mention the 
names of the Hon. Geo. W. Thompson, Dr. Hughes, and Wm. L. 
Goshorn, of Wheeling; A. G. Davis, of Monongalia; and Dr. Sam'l R. 
Lupton and other citizens of Hampshire County. These and others I 
could name are held for no other reason, as I understood, than that they 
choose to be loyal to the State, and consequently will not take the oath 
of allegiance to despotism at Washington and the Pierpont Government 
of N. W. Va. Some of these express great desire to get through our 
lines, and nil would infinitely prefer to be released on such conditions. 

Besides these the county jails and the prisons of Wheeling are literally 
filled with prisoners of this kind. 

I would call your attention also to the condition of others who are 
held on different grounds — on charges of " Bushwhacking," as they 
term it Among these they are holding, as far as they were ail vised of 
the fact, all persons belonging to the Ranger companies of the Va. ser- 
vice, among whom I will name Capt. Geo. Downs, Lieut. Benj'n W. 
Haymond, Perry G. Hayes, of Gilmer co. ; Geo. W. Silkite, of Calhoun, 
and Homer A. Holt, of Braxton co., and I might add the names of quite 
a number of others from almost every countv in the X. West. 

Capt Downes was taken out of prison Xo. 1, in which he was confined 


1862. with the prisoners who were to be exchanged, but afterwards was sei 

Sept. 19, back and to j d b th Commander, Colonel C. W. B. Allison, that 
Richmond J ' ' 

rangers would be exchanged, as they did not recognize persons in 

State service as subjects of exchange, and the announcement was ma 

when the prisoners were ordered to get themselves in readiness to go 

the other prison that no " Bushwhackers " would be taken out, whic 

is the term they apply to all persons in the "State Ranker" Service- 

This was the course preparatory to the exchange, and when they wer*^ 

separating the prisoners of war from the political prisoners there were ^ 

considerable number of soldiers belonging to the Volunteer Regiments 

who were left even after they had taken them from the other prisons, 

which they said was caused by their names being left off the Rolls in 

the hurry of making them off. Whether they will be exchanged or not 

I cannot tell. 

Could anything be done to alleviate the condition, a service would be 

rendered to quite a number of our best citizens. I have submitted 

these facts plainly and concisely, and shall not indicate, of course, what 

course ought to be pursued, knowing you will do what is best in the 


I subscribe myself, Dear Sir, 

Yours, &c. 

Israel Robinson to the Governor. 

Sept. 25, I beg leave to call your attention to the fact that Adam Small, Esq'r, 
Delegates one °^ tno delegates in the General Assembly, from the county of 
Richmond Berkeley, is now confined as a prisoner by the Federal Government at 
Fort Delaware. 

He was arrested about the time Gen'l Jackson fell back from the 
Potomac in June last, and sent first to Fort McHenry, and afterwards to 
Fort Delaware. 

No charge, as far as I am informed, has been made against him, ex- 
cept that he is a member of the Legislature. 

I can hardly presume that anything more would be necessary to in- 
duce the Confederate Government to demand his release than merely to 
call its attention to the facts above stated. I, therefore, beg that you 
will, as soon as practicable, confer with the Confederate authorities on 
the subject. 

If members of the General Assembly can be imprisoned with impu- 
nity by the Government at Washington, and no effort made to secure 
their release by the Confederate authorities, then it is time that the 
State should take steps to secure her officers and citizens against such 


Respectfully yours, <fcc. 



Governor's Endorsement. 

Executive Department, Sept. 26th, 1802. 1862. 

This letter is respectfully transmitted to the Hon. Secretary of War, 
with the request that such steps may be taken to secure the release of 
Mr. Small, as the circumstances of this case may call for. The case is 
one of great enormity, and appeals strongly for immediate interposition. 

John Letcher. 

Execi'tivk Department, 

Richmond, Va., Oct. 2nd, 1802. 
His Excellency Jefferson Davis, 

Prest. C. S. A.: 

I have the honor to enclose to you a Preamble and Resolution 

adopted by the General Assembly this day in regard to Adam Small, of 

Berkeley, and Mathew Harrison, members of the House of Delegates, 

captured by the enemy and now confined in prison. 

Endorsing the action of the General Assembly, I cordially unite in 

the request contained in the Resolution. 

I am truly, 

Your obed't serv't, 

John Letcher. 

Hocse of Delegates, Oct. 2nd, 1862. 
Hw Excellency John Letcher, 

Governor of Virginia : 

The House of Delegates have agreed to the following Resolu- 

Whereas information has been received that Adam Small, a member 
of this House of Delegates from the county of Berkeley, and Mathew 
Harrison, a member of said House from the county of Loudoun, have 
been captured by the enemy, and are now confined in prison ; there- 

Be it resolved by the House of Delegates, That the Governor of the 
Commonwealth be instructed to communicate to the President the fact 
of the capture and imprisonment of the said Adam Small and the said 
Mathew Harrison, and that he do request the President to use every 
means in bis power consistent with his duties and the laws ami regula- 
tions of the Confederate States to procure the release of the said prison- 

Very Respectfully, 

Your obed't servant, 

Wm. F. Gordon, Jr., C. H. D. 


1862 - Confederate States of America, 

Executive Department, 
Richmond, Va., October 10th, 1862. 

His Excellency John Letcher, 

GovV of Va. : 

Governor : 

In accordance with an act passed by the I^egislature 
Virginia, 3rd October, 1862, 1 have the honor to call upon your Excel- 
lency for (4,500) Four thousand five hundred negroes to be employ* 
upon the fortifications. 

Enclosed you will find a letter from L't-Col. Gilmer, chief of th« 
Engineer Bureau, suggesting the Counties on which the call should 
made and the apportionment of the draft among them, together with* 
suggestions as to the manner of delivering the slaves to the Engineer' 
Bureau, all of which is submitted for your consideration. 

It is unnecessary to call your Excellency's attention to the importance 
of a prompt and efficient response to this call in view of the necessity 
of completing the works for the defence of Richmond. 

Very respectfully and truly yours, 

Jeffer. Davis. 

Confederate States of America, 

War Department Eng'r Bureau, 

Richmond, Va., Oct. 8th, 1862. 

Hon. G. W. Randolph, 

Sec'y of War: 

I have the honor to suggest, in accordance with an act passed by 
the Legislature of Virginia, 3rd Octo., 1862, that his Excellency the 
President of the Confederate States be respectfully requested to submit 
to his Excellency the Governor of Virginia a call on the following coun- 
ties for the number of slaves respectively placed opposite their names. 

The counties specified are those which have furnished none or only a 
portion of the legal draft, and in the judgment of this Bureau, from evi- 
dence in its possession, are those justly subject to the first call. Due 
allowance has been made for the dates already furnished, and it is sug- 
gested that their owners be exempt from farther call at thi* time. 

To keep the records correctly, procure the negroes promptly, and our 
present confusion, it would be well for agents of the counties to accom- 
pany and deliver the slaves in Richmond, corner of 18th and Cary 
streets, to the Confederate agent, who will then and there receipt for the 
slaves and pay the expense of such agents. 


Rail Road Companies should be duly notified at least three days 1862 . 
beforehand that the necessary transportation may be furnished without 


Very Respectfully your ob't serv't, 

[Signed] J. F. Gilmer, 

Lieut-Col. and Chief Eng'r Bureau. 

War Department, Octof)cr 10th, 1862. 

His Excellency Jefferson Davis, 

Prest. C. S. A. : 


I have the honor to enclose in duplicate a letter from the Chief 

of the Engineer Bureau, containing a call for labor under the recent Act 

of the General Assembly of Va. 

It has been prepared after consultation with Governor Letcher, and it 

is only necessary that you should request him to make the call. 

Very Respectfully, 

Your obed't Servant, 

Geo. W. Randolph, 
Sect, of War. 

Executive Department, 
Richmond, Va., Oct. 11, 1862. 

His Excellency Jefferson Davis, 

Prest of Confederate States : 

Your letter of yesterday making a requisition for four thousand 

fire hundred slaves to be employed upon the fortifications in conformity 
to the Act of the Virginia Legislature of the third instant, has been re- 

The call has been made upon the counties designated by Lieut. -Col. 
Gilmer, chief of the Engineer Bureau, and the number of slaves appor- 
tioned as he suggests. 

The attention of the County Courts has been called to his suggestions 
is to the manner of delivering the slaves, and the Counties have been 
requested to respond to the requisition promptly. 

Very Respectfully, 

John Letcher. 

Opinion of the Attorney-General on the power of the Governor to take posses- 
sion of Salt in the hands of individuals. 

You have clear power to take the possession of Salt in the hands of 

any person, where you deem it necessary to secure a supply sufficient 



1862. for the people of the State. This is your power and the qualification 
on its exercise. 

J. R. Ticker. 

The Governor by Telegram from Lynchburg Oct. 14th, 1862, directed 
to the Secretary of the Commonwealth, says, ask Attorney-Gen'l Tucker 
to examine the salt law, and let me have his opinion by Telegraph as to 
my power to impress salt here in the hands of speculators. 

[To this question the foregoing is the Attorney-General's response. — 

Frances H. Smith to the Governor. 

October 15, I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of an order from the 
V l ^t^t* 1 ^ Adjutant-General's office in reference to those cadets of the Institute 
who are now embraced in the Conscription law of Congress. 

Not knowing that said order was in contemplation, and believing that 
the War Department, acting in harmony with the express wishes of the 
President, would promptly detail all conscript cadets on special duty or 
furlough them, I addressed a communication to the Sec'y of War, of 
which the enclosed is a copy. I have every reason to believe that the 
Sec'y will acquiesce in the request which I have made. 

This influence is strengthened by the fact that the Board of Visitors at 
their last meeting appointed several new cadets who were in the military 
service and who were over 18 years of age, and the Sec'y of War, upon 
the application made in due form, with the copy of the letter of ap- 
pointment submitted, has in every instance discharged the appointee 
from the military service. 

I hope, therefore, there will be no necessity to make an issue with the 
confederate authorities on the subject, but that the object in view will be 
attained by the acquiescence of the War Department in the reasonable 
views expressed to him without questioning the validity of the princi- 
ple contained in the order of the Adjutant-General or the propriety of it. 
I would beg leave to suggest that there are some reasons which are per- 
sonal to the cadets and at the same time connected with the general dis- 
cipline of the institution which incline me to the opinion that it would 
be better for the cadets and for the school to have the conscript cadets 
detailed on special duty or furlough than to have them exempted by 
law. A youth of high mettle does not like to be called an exempt, and 
repels the idea of being a part of a "peace establishment." If regarded 
as constituting a part of the military organization of the State, detailed 
on special duty in the course of preparation for the active duties of the 
field, which seems to me to be the legitimate position of the school, he 


would acquiesce in an ordeal which keeps him out of the military with- 1862. 
out giving offence to his pride. °\^reiiiia 5, 

I submit these views with great deference, and I am sure you will Military 
appreciate my motive in so doing. 

I am, sir, yours, (fee. 


Head Quarters Va. Military Institute, 

Oct. 8th, 1862. 
Hon. George W. Randolph, 

Sec. of War : 

I send herewith a list of Cadets who are subject to the conscrip- 
tion law by Congress. 

I respectfully request that they may be detailed on special duty at 
the Va. Military Institute or placed upon furlough while they are prose- 
cuting their studies at the Institute, or until their services may be spe- 
cially required for the military service of the Confederacy. 

I make this request because I have been informed that it is in har- 
mony with the expressed wishes of the President, who has manifested 
an earnest desire that the Institute should be kept in operation with all 
the vigor in our power. 

We have about 800 of our Alumni and Ex-cadets in the military com- 
mission of the Confederate Army. Upwards of 50 have fallen in bat- 
tle, 150 more have been wounded in engagements, and all are giving of 
their devotion to the great cause in which we are now engaged. 

The Cadets named within, constitute for the most part the senior 
class of the Institution, and are those upon whom chiefly our discipline 
mainly depends. If they are removed the school is virtually disbanded, 
for I should have left to take charge of 175 new Cadets, all of whom 
have entered within the last few months. 

I have the honor to be, very Respectfully, 

Your obed't serv't, 
[Signed] Francis H. Smith, 


I Ktyorl of Messrs. Ewell and Custis. commissioners appointed U> visit the 
' Lunatic Asylum at Williamsburg. 

Richmond, Oct. 15, 1862. 
Hon. John Letcher, 

Gov'r of Va. : 


The undersigned, under the authority of your order of the 7th 

IdsI, applied for permission stated in said order to the officer in com- 


18(i2. raand at Fortress Monroe. Gen'l Dix refused to permit us to enter the 
lines of the Federal Forces. No report can, therefore, be made of the 
condition of the Eastern Lunatic Asylum as to its inmates at the present 


Benjamin S. Ewell, 
James W. Custis. 

Talbot Sweeney to the Governor. 

October 24, As the deposed but rightful attorney for the E. L. Asylum, and as one 
b, lrg " who feels a profound interest in the condition of the unfortunate in- 
mates of that Institution, I hasten to drop you a few lines with a view 
to inform you of its present management, and to make a few sugges- 
tions in the hope that good may come of them to those poor afflicted 

The patients, I am told, have enough to eat, suck as it /*, the food 
being dealt out to them somewhat after the manner and kind of a sol- 
dier's rations. They suffer, however, greatly from want of clothing and 
attention of every kind. At this very moment they are, and for the 
last ten days have been, without medical treatment. The Federal 
Superintendent and Physician having been absent for that length of 
time on a visit to Philadelphia, and no proper substitute having been 
left in his place. 

This is not the only time, by a great deal, since the occupancy of the 
Institution by the enemy, that they have needed, sorely needed, medi- 
cal attention and could not get it. 

Many of the servants hired at the beginning of the year for the asy- 
lum have left and taken their freedom, and those that have remained to 
this time are under no restraint, it would seem, and are wholly indiffer- 
ent to the wants of the inmates. They are in constant expectation of 
our army, and are ready, at a moment's warning, for a stampede. Those 
unworthy men who affiliated with the enemy, and who were inaugu- 
rated there, and partook so freely of the sacred ceremonies of Lincoln 
and Pierpoint authority, did more plundering by far than service, ar*d 
at the imaginary tread of danger, budded on their armour (plunder). 
and, in the choice language of the Yankee nation, " did everlastingly 
skedadle.'* This was about the time of McClellan's departure from 
"the swamps of the Chickahominy." The conduct of your officers pre- 
sents rather a contrast to this, as I suppose you were duly informed by 
Judge Crump, your commissioner to the Asylum. Without a single 
exception, they stood to their posts and met the enemy with no trem- 
bling neutrality, no silent servility, but in anticipation oi the hour of 


i national deliverance, and national glory, with an exhibition of that faith 1862. 
1 which was the " strength of our fathers and of the old time before RwSS 61, 24, 
| them." bui^ 

It was after this stampede of these men that Col. Campbell, finding 
himself in a sad predicament, invited the old officers to return to their 
several poets, with one or two exceptions, without accompanying his in- 
vitation with the condition of the hateful parole or oath. The steward 
and matron, from what they considered a sense of duty to the patients, 
there being no one to attend to them, in obedience to this invitation, 
moved back to the Institution. 

Other officers, male and female, go there during the day and look 
after the health and comfort of the patients, but none has his or her 
heart fully engaged in the work. What they do is done reluctantly, and 
only from what they deem a sense of humanity to the patients and with- 
out reward from the Federal Government. They feel that it is a tacit 
acknowledgment of wrongful authority, and it is altogether unpleasant 
to them to be there at all. Hut, my dear sir, all this time the poor 
inmates are suffering; the mortality among them has been great. 

Now, I believe that if they could learn from you and the President of 
the Asylum, Mr. Saunders, or either of you, that you would not con- 
rider it as a compromise either of their personal honor or of your right- 
ful authority over the Institution to do so, they would all return with a 
good will and do all in their power under existing circumstances to 
ameliorate the present unhappy condition of the inmates. Many years 
of official duty at the Asylum have made them familiar with the wants 
of the patients, and have, of course, excited in their bosoms a deeply 
humane interest for them, and in times like the present they will sacri- 
fice more to their adversity than in ordinary times, for in their atten- 
tions to the patients they cannot, loyal and patriotic citizens as they are, 
fail to remember that they are also serving the relatives and friends 
abroad in Virginia, who are no doubt in some undergoing the hardships 
and dangers of war in the service of good old Virginia and the Confed- 
eracy in this the most terrible conflict which ever engaged a valiant peo- 
ple — a conflict in which are put to the hazard of the sword " every 
blessing of our faith, every honour of our name, and every glory of our 

liberty. 1 ' 

And again, this course will take away from the enemy one inducement 
at least to carry the inmates North and distribute them in Northern 
Institutions, which is now the talk here. 

His own appointees have fled, and no loyal citizen of Virginia will 
accept an appointment from him, and he will not recognize your au- 
thority. It may be, there r ore, that there is some truth in the rumor 
here that the patients are to he sent to Northern Institutions and the 
Asylum buildings taken for barracks. 1 fear that if this should be done 


. j 

1862. the finale of the whole would be the destruction of the Institution i*y 

^WluSmt* ** re ' ^ e ^ ave notnm S tolerable even to expect from our Northern 
burg "friends" who are seeking with all the power which they can summon 
to extinguish the last spark of order, of freedom, and of justice among 
us, and to render us poor indeed. We certainly have but little to hope 
for from the 5th Penn. Cavalry now in possession of this place. It is, 
perhaps, more replete with the vulgar "devices of the human heart" 
than any Regiment of the enemy that has yet cursed our Southern 
shores. The 5th Penn. Cavalry is so corrupt, so rank, that it 

u Smells to heaven " ! ! ! 

But the officer* in the execution of this principled magnanimity 
which nature applauds and humanity enjoins, must live. They have ~: 
no resource but their salary, and tfiat they have been without for a half year, ks 
and are now in a suffering condition. How is this difficult)' to be met? .r 
Is not this a peculiar case, and would you not be justified by every prin- j& 
ciple of patriotism as well as of humanity if you obtained for them such x 
currency as they could spend while in the enemy's lines. Confederate jc 
money the enemy will not take, and Virginia money is now at a dis- 
count of fifty per cent, at " Old Point." The officers will not consent t*> * 
receive pay from the Federal Government; of course they will not. I h 
ought to say that the Treasurer of the Asylum, Mr. Powell, has no rands £ 
here upon which the President could draw for the support of the officers, j 
But you will no doubt inquire how the funds are to be gotten here. If 1 
you will allow me, I can arrange the whole matter for you. ' 

Now, my dear sir, I have written to you fully and freely in behalf of 
the patients and officers of the Asylum, and in behalf of even the v^*7 
buildings themselves, for I verily believe that if the patients are tak:^ n 
away the whole of that costly fabric will fall, as did our "Alma Mate an 
by the torch of the incendiary. I have done so from no other mot* ve 
than from that of duty to the Institution, the interest of which I fe^J 
obliged, in part at least, to protect and preserve. It is for this that I atm \ 
here. I hope I am sincere in this. In ray appeal in behalf of the J 
officers as well as the patients,- 1 do not embrace myself. No provision 1 
is proposed for me, nor would any be accepted. If you should adopt \ 
any plan upon the subject and for the purposes mentioned, and you 
think I can aid you. as I think I can, my agency will be given without 
fee or reward, and upon no other condition. In justice to the officers, let 
me say they have had no intimation whatever of the course which I 
have taken in this. The matter at present is offered only for the con- 
sideration of yourself and the President of the Asylum. I am sure Mr. 
Saunders will co-operate with you cheerfully in any measure for the 
good of the Institution and its inmates, if I have been able to judge cor- 
rectly of that gentleman's official conduct everywhere. He knows noth- 
ing but the duties of his office — a disinterested care for them having 


r characterized his discharge of them. Mr. Saunders will tell you 1862. 
jther it would be prudent to leave a matter of this kind to so humble 9£ r t S{? €r 24 » 
Individual as myself. He knows we well. At least I shall be respon- burg 
e to you for the part which I shall take. 

he question then for your consideration is this : Can the old officers 
le Asylum return to the discharge of their duties there in pursuance 
n invitation to do so by the enemy, and with the assurance that no 
litionSf such as the parole or oath, will be imposed upon them, and 
no pay be received from him without compromising their own indi- 
lal honors or the rightful authority of the President and Directory 
ie Institution and that of your Honour the Executive of Va.? 
such an invitation, upon such terms, anything less than an acknowl- 
oent of your authority to the extent to which the invitation goes? 
anything less than an acknowledgment of the failure of his own 
dlesome interference in the affairs of this Institution when he invites 
officers to return unconditionally and by virtue of their original 
tintment by the rightful authority of Virginia? The troublesome 
of the matter is that the enemy retains his own Superintendent 
Physician, and professes to supply the patients with provisions, &c. 
should this be borne in view of the unhappy condition of the in- 
» and the relief which it will bring to them? They must suffer 
bly this winter if there is no one to take a decided interest in them. 
>u decide that they can go back, the next question is, can you obtain 
hem such currency as they can spend here if I can arrange to get it 
ly to them, and see that they are paid according to the manner in 
*h they are usually paid by the Directory, and keep a proper account 
be same, so that a satisfactory report of the same can be made to the 
slature of Virginia, and also this done without the knowledge of the 
ny? The utmost precaution will be taken, of course, to conceal the 
that the officers go back, if they are to go at all, in obedience really 
our wish, for if the enemy should find this to be the case he would 
allow them to return, and the whole plan would be frustrated. If 
think the subject of sufficient importance to claim your attention, 
you think proper to call me to your aid, you will please communi- 

your conclusions to ine in the most private way and as early as 

end your communication by " Express " to Mr. Wm. L. Spencer, of 
ies City County, on the Centreville road, about ten miles from this 
, who will give it to me safely. Send to this gentleman the injunc- 

of the utmost secrecy about the delivery. An u Express " can 
ly come to Mr. Spencer's at this time, but, of course, as a prudent 
i he would feel his way. Things may be changed here as time ad- 
ses. At present the enemy's pickets extend only two miles above 
city, on the stage road, to a place called Casey's, and a mile on the 
ege Mill Road, or the James Town Road. 


1862. His scouting party numbers generally about seventy-five men, a 

^WUHanM^ goes on ^ a ^° ut 8 * x miles or so above the city on the stage road a 

bui^ Centreville Road. There is no scouting on the James Town Ro; 
The 5th Penn. Cavalry, which is the force that holds the Town, numb 
at one time about five hundred men in a condition for duty ; its cai 
is below Whitaker's mill, on the York Town Road, about four and a-h 
miles below the city. One company of this cavalry is stationed 
" Fort Magruder," about one mile and a half below the city t with eig 
pieces of Artillery mounted. You will see then that it will not be 
hazardous undertaking to send a communication for me to the pere 
designated, if the movements of the enemy continue as at presei 
Address your communication to C. S. A., and make no allusion to tl 
letter. I will understand this to be the basis of your own, but do t 
make it appear so in yours, lest by some casualty it should fall into t 
enemy's hands. No such thing is possible now, but no one can und 
stand better than you, however, the propriety of at all times bei 
cautious while in the enemy's lines. Give your instructions then 
coming from you, without any suggestion from this quarter, and in su 
manner as you know I alone will comprehend. As I have alluded 
the enemy s position and strength here, perhaps you would like 
know something more upon that subject He has fortified York Toi 
from an attack on this side, and garrisoned it with about 3,000 effecti 
men, and from all indications, intends to hold it if he can. I see noi 
ing to the contrary at present, sustained as he is by his Gun Boats a 
Gloucester Point, at which place he has about a Regiment of men. 
Old Point he has about 2,500 men ready for duty. He has about eij 
thousand in all at the four places, but about two thousand are sick, a 
in no condition for duty. Our forces above the city can take this pli 
at any hour they may wish, but I am afraid they cannot hold it 
may be that the enemy would be content to remain at York Town a 
await an attack, as he seems to be holding this place merely because 
is allowed to do so peaceably. But then if he should make it a point 
reoccupy it, his command of our rear by the Rivera would enable h 
to do so. 

These military facta add to the importance of my suggestions touchi 
the Asylum, as they give us no hope of a speedy deliverance. Son 
thing must be done in the mean time for the improvement of the i 
happy condition of the inmates, or the results will be fearful. But t 
whole matter is left to the wisdom, the patriotism, and the humanity 
your Honour and of the President, Mr. Saunders. His address is Pitts 
vania C. House. My friend, E. S. Joynes, or Sydney Smith, both 
the War Department, will give you his exact address. If my frier 
Catlett, is with you still, please remember me to him in the kindi 
terms. However you may receive my suggestions, I am sure yc 


Honor will trace them to the best motives, and hold them in the strict- 1862. 
e* confidence. October^, 

I am, <frc. bar K 

Dqwition of Gilbert Wooton in regard to the killing of J. M. Schrhcr, 
James A. Graves, and George Graven, of Surry co., Va. 

County of Surry — to- wit : 

The following deposition of Gilbert Wooton, free man of colour, October 25 
in regard to the killing of J. M. Sh river, a citizen of the Kingdom of 
Great Britain ; James A. Graves and George Graves, of Surry co., Va., 
and the shooting, with intent to kill, of said Wooton, was taken before 
me,.W. J. Burt, a Justice of the County of Surry and State of Va., at 
CUremont, in the said county, this 25th day of October, A. D. 1862. 

The Deponent being duly sworn, testified as follows : 

Question: Who went with you to James Town Island, and on what 
day did you go ? 

Answer. On Monday morning last Mr. Shriver, and Littleton, Mr. 
Shriver's slave, started in a boat from Claremont, along with me. We 
went to Mr. Gnaves\ Mr. Graves was not then at home. We waited 
until his return, and about 4 P. M. same day, Mr. Graves and his 
nephew, George Graves, got in the boat with us, and we then crossed the 
river to Jamestown. 

Question. What time did you get to Jamestown ? 

Answer. About 5 P. M. We landed near the old ruins. 

Question. Whom did you see on the Island ? 

Answer. Nobody, when we first landed. Mr. Shriver, Mr. Graves, 
George Graves, and Littleton went ashore and walked towards the Great 
House. I heard some talking towards the bridge which crosses to Neck 
of Land, and saw seven negro men coming towards the boat, all armed 
with guns. George Thomas and Norborne Baker, two of the seven, got 
in the boat with me. The other five — Wni. Parsons, Henry Moore, 
Jesse, Alick, and Mike — went down the shore towards the Great House, 
which was about J of a mile below where we landed. 

Question. What did they say to you ? 

Answer. Joe Parsons said : " Wooton is the very boy we have long 
time been wanting." 

Question. Did you know these men before ? 

Answer. Oh, yes; I knew them all. They were slaves of Mr. Wm. 
Allen, and lived at Neck of Land. 

Question. What did George Thomas and Norborne Baker say and do 

to you? 



1862. Answer. Norborne Baker asked me if when I came there I expected. 

October 25 to g0 Dac k home again. I told him yes, I did. He said he didnt think: 

I would go back. They then took me in the boat round the upper end 

of the Island to the bridge as you go to Neck of Land, and ordered me> 

to sit on the bridge. 

Question. Did you hear any firing on the Island during this time? 

Answer. While going around in the boat I heard the report of four 
guns, when Norborne said : " Boys, the}' have either got them or they 
have got them one; that was not a rifle." 

Question. Did you see Sh river and the Graves' again ? 

Answer. Yes ; the five negroes — Wm. Parsons, Henry Moore, Jesse, 
Aleck, and Mike — brought them and Littleton back to the bridge where 
I was. 

Question. Did Mr. Shriver and Mr. Graves have any guns in their 
hands when they w^re brought to the bridge ? 

Answer. No; Mike had Mr. Shriver's and Aleck had Mr. Graves'; 
they were double-barrel birding guns. 

Question. What did the negroes then do with you all ? 

Answer. They marched us up the Neck of Land to the Great House, 
where Mr. Emory used to live. 

Question. What took place at the house ? 

Answer. We were stopped at the yard gate and placed under guard of 
Mike and Aleck. The other five negroes went to the house door and 
were met there by a negro named Windsor, a slave belonging to some- 
body in the neighborhood. I could not hear what they said until 
Windsor asked, "Is that Gilbert?" I said yes. Windsor said, "I've 
got no use for you here. I have been a long time wanting you." After 
.waiting a little Mr. Graves said, " Come men, who is your captain? Do 
what you are going to do ; if you are going to send us to Williamsburg, 
please send us at once or let us go home ; do what you are going to do, 
it is getting very late." Nobody answered him at all. In five or six 
minutes after this, that is after Mr. Graves spoke, they turned us short 
round and marched us back to the creek to the foot of the bridge next 
to Neck of Land. We got to the bridge about the setting of sun. 

Question. How many negroes did you see at Neck of Land ? 

Answer. Of men, women, and children, about one Hundred. 

Question. Did you see any whites ? 

Answer. None except the party who went with me. 

Question. How many went with you from the house to the bridge? 

Answer. About fifteen or twenty, all numbered, and all slaves of Mr. 
Allen, except one hireling boy. As well as I can remember, they were 
named as follows: Jim Diggs, an old man, and Jim Diggs again, a 
young man ; Robert Cole, Little Henry, Peter, Jeffress, and the seven 
who carried us from the Island, and some youngsters whose names I do 

I . 


not know. The hireling's name I do not know; he used to he hired at 1862. 

Jamestown ; he's a low, chunky yellow man. October 25 

Question. Was there any conversation between the house and the 

Answer. Mr. Graves asked why the wheat was not threshed out. 

Henry Moore said "they would when they got ready." Mr. Graves 

also spoke of the burning of the houses of James Town. Henry Moore 

uked, '• What business it was of his " ? Mr. Graves said he was sorry 
to see the property destroyed. There was no talk among our party all 
this time. 

Question. What occurred when you got to the bridge ? 

Answer. When we got there, just at the foot of the bridge, the 

negroes dropped hack, leaving our party about ten steps in front of 

them. Mr. Shriver said, come men, whatever you are going to do, do it ; 

let us go hack home or carry us to Williamsburg at once. It is getting 

late." Henry Moore said, " I don't think you will go home to-night, or 

to Williamsburg either." Mr. Graves said, men don't kill us. I'll give 

you bond and security for any amount of money if you will carry us to 

Williamsburg to the Governor. You know we did not come here to 

fight you all, nor to harm you in any way, or we would not have brought 

a poor little child here with us." During this time some five or six 

were loading their guns. The others had loaded guns. They called 

Littleton to them. After he went to them, I followed him, and so did 

little George Graves. Six or seven of the negroes then shot together at 

Mr. Shriver and Mr. Graves. I could not tell their names, we were all 

so mixed up. Mr. Shriver and Mr. Graves both fell at once. Jim Diggs 

tried to shoot me, but I held him until George Thomas pulled me back, 

and he broke my hold ; then Jim shot me in the belly. I fell and was 

shot again, by whom, I do not know. During this time little George, 

who was among the crowd begging for his life, was picked up and 

thrown from the bridge into the marsh and then shot. I do not know 

who shot him. Henry Moore said, " Come, let's get these bodies off the 

dam (meaning bridge) and throw them overboard. 

" Littleton, do you go and take off their overcoats, they may be of 
some use, and see if the pockets have any money in them." They threw 
the bodies of Mr. Graves and the little boy into the creek ; and when 
they threw Mr. Shriver in. one said he is swimming, he is not hurt. 
They got a boat, and some went in after Mj. Shriver, others went on the 
side of the marsh to catch him. When they went ofi I crawled into the 
marsh about fifty yards and got to a gut, down which I went about 
twenty -five or thirty yards. I hid myself by sinking everything except 
my face. They came back and looked for me. seeing that I had moved, 
but it was night and they could not see me. Old Jeffrey stepped on my 
hand, but did not see me. Jim Diggs said, " he is in that gut, it's a 


1862. good place for him, the water is deeper than his head. He can't cai 
October 25 the j oad j put in h[m ^ we?u find him in the morning> » j stayed in t 

gut about two hours and then crawled out. I heard two pass me, w 
went on the bridge and took away our boat and carried it to the landi 
at Neck of Land. Afterwards in the same night I crawled to the Isla 
and tried to get a boat in which to escape, but did not find one. T 
next day about 3 P. M. I got to Mr. Copeland's, after travelling alo 
Neck of Land creek up to the bridge at its head, and thence along 1 
main road to Mr. Copeland's. He gave me advice not to tell anybody 
that side what had happened, and sent me to John Cassidy's who Yv 
on James River at Green Spring. On Wednesday morning John Cassi 
brought me to four mile tree, Mr. Graves' farm on this side the riv 
Mrs. Graves, the widow of Mr. Jas. A Graves, sent me on home. 

Question. Who is John Cassidy? 

Answer. A free man of color. 

Question. Did Littleton, so far as you know, have any hand in t 

Answer. None at all, sir. 

Question. When you were first carried to Neck of Land did 1 
negroes there hold any court to try you all? 

Answer. They said on the Island that they ment to carry us bef 
their Judge. 

Question. Who was the Judge so called ? 

Answer. Windsor, I heard them call him so. 

Question. What reason did they give for killing you all ? 

Answer. None that we heard. 

Given under my hand and seal this 25th day of October, A. D. 18 

[Signed] Wm. S. Burt, J. P. [Seal/ 


Nov.], I have concluded, in view of the rapidly approaching close of 1 

Lunatic y ear ' to address you a few lines on matters concerning this Institute 
Asylum and desire to hear from you in reply at your earliest convenience. 

Since the occupation of this city by the Fed'l forces I have been m 
seriously embarrassed at times in my position as Steward, and duri 
the Superintendency of Dr. Wateon I held no official connection w 
the Institution. When he and his official corps skedaddled, I returr 
to my duties at the solicitation of Col. Campbell, then the military G< 
ernor of this Post. On my return I found the Institution stripped 
everything like provisions, and many of the goods from the store h 
also been carried off. Through the instrumentality, however, of the 
S. Gov't, I succeeded, after some trouble, in securing an abundant si 


ply of provisions, and have been promised goods for the winter clothing 
of the Patients. In these particulars, therefore, I think we are beyond 
the contingency of want, but there are still here matters of an intensely 
pressing character about which as yet no arrangement has been made. 
One is that of fuel ; the other that of servants. 

The first may possibly be arranged, but I am utterly at a loss to 
imagine what can be done with regard to the latter. In the last few 
months many of the hirelings of this year have left the Institution, and 
ill, or nearly all, I fear, will leave on or about the Xmas holidays. 

In such a contingency what is to be done ? White servants cannot 
I* procured in this region of country, and it will be impossible, I sus- 
pect, to hire negroes for the ensuing year under existing circumstances. 
I submit the matter for your consideration, trusting that it may he in 
your power to solve the difficulty. 

With high respect, 

I am, &c. 


Nov. 1, 

W. K. C. Douglass to the Governor. 

I wrote you a few lines a few days ago on matters connected with this 
Institution, and deem it not amiss to again remind you of them. In- 
deed, the matter of fuel is made peculiarly urgent by the present in- 
clement weather, and unless some arrangement is made, and that quickly, 
to supply the asylum with it the Patients must sutler severely. 

The matter of servants is also intensely embarrassing. Many have 
left the Institution, and the few that remain are in such a state of insu- 
bordination as to make it almost impossible to have anything done. 
How these difficulties are to be remedied I am at a loss to suggest, but 
I trust, my dear Sir, that you may be ready with a correction, and that 
you will apply it with the least possible delay. 

I am, &c. 

Nov. 9, 

Confederate States of America, 
War Department, 
Richmond, Va., Aw. 18th, 1862. 
His Excel lencv John Letcher, 

Governor of Virginia: 

I have the honor to enclose a copy (>r the report of Kob't Ould, 
Eeq'r, Agent for the exchange of prisoners in response to the resolution 







imw. good plaw; for him, t Ii*r watar is <k- 
rmoiHTZr, U||? j||fi|| f p||t jn )|jm w#!?|| fmfi hj 

f/iit admit two hours Mini then crav. 
wanton thf hrid^f ;ino! took away 
\\t Nif.k of Lai if I. Afterwards in t" 
alio! tried to get a hont in which to 
next. <l»y alii nit <l P. M. I got to M 
\eek of Lund errek up to I hi* hrid 
iniiiii mad to Mr. (■oprland's. He 
thtit side \\\\\\\ h:id happened, and 
on .hiriii'H I'iver at (Jreen Spring. ' 
hrnu^ht me to lour mile tree, Mr. f 
Mrs. (i raven, tin* widow of Mr. Jus 
Question. Who i»« John Cassidy" 
Answer. A IriM 1 iniin of eolor. 
Question, hid Littleton, so far a 
nnirdi , r? 

Answer. None at all, sir. 
1 juration. \Vln»n you were lir> 
negroes there hold any court to try 
Answer. Thev said on the lslai^ 
their Judge. 

Question. Who was tin* Judge sm 
Answer. Windsor, I heard them 
Question. What reason did thev 
Answer. None that we heard. 
I liven under inv hand and seal : 


W. K. C. 

\^ '.::■■ 


I haw v\>r.»v.:\ied. in view of tl 
\*i*r. * » a -i..irr*> v..«u a :"ew lines on iit>:re x.« hr^r :r.*j: you in re pi 

> . i *; ;r : : r <+. ■■: u : .k : : ■■r. ■" ■:' : h > ei t v 

>t r. .'*.>". y • ■ : l ' rr — >i a: : !:^ in 
; i >u:-r" >:. r: v -..:' J*:. W aw«i 

« " t i '.f..Ii -- " •»' r". '.*r ■.-':■; Ills . 

: n.j* .::-.:*- :: :.\r - .:■.■.•-&-.; \ '/f i 


ould adorn a husband, a father, and a citizen, and in wanton heedless- 1863. 

«8 of the peace, the happiness, and even the lives of thousands of 

nocent and unoffending women and children — has issued a Proclama- 

)n, bearing date January 1st instant, from which I take this paragraph : 

"That on the first day of January, in the year of our Lord one thou- 

nd eight hundred and sixty-three, all persons held as slaves within any 

ate, or designated part of a State, the people whereof shall then he in 

ebellion against the United States, shall be then, thenceforward and 

rerer free, and the Executive Government of the United States, includ- 

? the military and naval authority thereof, will recognize and main- 

n the freedom of such persons, and will do no act or acts to repress 

-h persons, or any of them, in any effort they may make for their 

ive freedom." 

^o public man in our country has exhibited such depravity, no states- 

n has shown such an abandonment of moral principle, no American 

zen save John Brown has displayed so atrocious a spirit as is mani- 

:ed in this proposition. This unscrupulous man, feeling that he can- 

* cope with the Southern army in fair battle, aided with all the ad- 
itages that he has possessed in numbers, in improved arms, in sup- 
es and munitions of war of all kinds, smarting under the numerous 
'erses and defeats that his army has suffered, in a moment of despera- 
n, seeks to excite servile insurrection And deluge Southern soil in 
K>d. In order to stimulate and encourage our slaves to adopt the 
Hey he has recommended, he gives them the assurance that " in any 
*rt they may make for their active freedom " no effort to "repress" them 
II be made by " the Executive government of the United States, including 
' military and naval authority thereof" He invokes them to lay aside 

restraint, to give loose rein to all those wicked passions which servile 
*urrections never fail to arouse ; Vie invites them to shed the blood of 

* mothers, wives, and children by the pledge that he " will recognize 
d maintain" their " freedom." What stronger incentives could be 
Id out to this class to stimulate them to undertake the fiendish work 

has laid out for them, and to the execution of which he has so zeal- 
sly urged them ? 

EJe was fully convinced that his advice would be heeded and his 
peal to them promptly and favorably responded to. But when the 
ody picture rises up before his eyes, terror stricken and alarmed, he 
ks to quiet his conscience and save his reputation by indulging in a 
jcies of hypocritical cant peculiar to the party he represents. It is 
ier this feeling of instinctive dread and apprehension that he an- 
inces, " and I hereby enjoin upon the people so declared to be free to 
tain from violence unless in necessary self-defence." " 'Tis conscience 
kes cowards, 1 ' and nothing but the consciousness of malicious wrong 
i outrage inflicted upon the South by the advice of this brutal Procla- 


1863. mation could have induced the suggestion " to abstain from t?tokna.' , 
He inflames their passions and prejudices, creates hopes and expecta- 
tions that he knows can never be realized but through the exercise of 
violent and bloody means, and when the spectre rises before him he 
attempts to allay it by this miserable pretext resorted to to conceal his 
real motives. 

From the beginning of this war to the present moment President Lin- 
coln and his anointed officers — Butler, Pope, McNeill, Milroy, and others 
that might be named — have prosecuted it with a malignity and ferocity 
that would have better become savages than civilized men. Rapine, 
arson, and inhumanity have blazoned the pathways of their army 
through the South. Nothing has been regarded as sufficiently sacred 
to preserve it from spoliation. Whatever of value that lay in their way 
has been unhesitatingly appropriated to their own use, and whatever 
was cherished as a memorial of the past or as commemorative of the 
virtues or deeds of some noble and illustrious ancestor, has been seized 
and carried away. The records of our courts, the muniments of title 
showing our right to our landed estates, and the wills of our distin- 
guished dead, have been abstracted and destroyed. Even the tomb- 
stones that mark the resting-place of our illustrious ancestors have been 
mutilated and in many instances removed. Churches consecrated to the 
worship of the living God have been shamefully desecrated and prosti- 
tuted. The sacred volume could not escape their destroying hands. 
The house in which Washington, the Father of his country, was married, 
before being given to the flames, was plundered of its marble hearth- 
stones, which were broken to pieces and the fragments sent to the north. 
The sacred obligations which Masonry and Odd-Fellowship impose upon 
their members have been disregarded, and the Lodges in the south have 
been stripped of everything valuable by our northern assailants wherever 
they could find them. The vandal was humane, was noble in spirit, 
generous in nature, and a christian at heart in comparison with Lincoln 
and his myrmidons. 

This Proclamation invites the slaves into the military and naval ser- 
vice of the United States. He says : " And I furtner declare and make 
known that such persons, of suitable condition, will be received into the 
armed service of the United States, to garrison forts, positions, station?, 
and other places, and to man vessels of all sorts in the said service." 

He seems to have thought that the inducements he had held out to 
the slaves in the previous part of his Proclamation might not be suffici- 
ent to induce them to murder their masters and families, and hence the 
additional consideration in the sentence quoted. Having urged them to 
rebellion and insurrection, having encouraged their hopes of freedom 
and stimulated them to deeds of bloodshed and murder to accomplish 
it, he adds other inducements. And the man who has been guilty of 


these enormities is reported to be a husband and a father. Will not a 18(>3. 
just God blast the wretch who has brought ruin upon his country, and 
who now seeks the blood of innocent women and unoffending children? 
The Proclamation of Milroy is a natural sequel to the Proclamation of 
Lincoln, and is characterized by the same ferocious and malignant spirit. 
He is in all respects a suitable tool for the execution of so execrable a 
work. He follows the lead of his master, and therefore promises to 
maintain the freedom of the slave, urges a ready compliance with the 
Proclamation of Lincoln, and admonishes our people that in case they 
manifest a disposition to resist its enforcement, " They will he regarded 
as rebels, in arms against the lawful authority of the Federal govern- 
ment, and dealt with accordingly." The officers are ordered to act in 
accordance with said proclamation and to yield their ready co-operation 
in its enforcement." 

This action on the part of Milroy violates, in the most positive man- 
ner, the provisions of our act of assembly, which declares, u if a free 
person advise or conspire with a slave to rebel or make insurrection, or 
with any person, to induce a slave to rebel or make insurrection, he 
shall be punished with death, whether such insurrection or rebellion be 
made or not." 

The violation of this act of the General Assembly brought John 
Brown and his guilty associates to the scaffold, on which they expiated 
their crimes with the approval of the humane, the law-loving and the law- 
abiding citizens, of what was then our country. The fanatical portion 
of the northern people — that particular class of which Mr. Lincoln is 
the representative man — complained of Virginia's action. The better 
clase of northern people (if, indeed, there be a better class.) regarded 
the conduct of John Brown, and his associates, as a shocking crime 
against humanity, and justified us in the course we felt bound to pursue 
to vindicate the supremacy of the Law. 

The enormities and outrages of John Brown have been renewed upon 
a much larger scale by Mr. Lincoln and his subordinate officers, includ- 
ing this man Milroy. They come amongst us with a large and well 
trained army, adequately provided with supplies and munitions of war, 
to make their assaults upon us, and our rights effective. The only 
difference between John Brown and Lincoln consists in this : the former 
bad only a corporal's guard of followers to. aid in the execution of his 
orders ; the latter comes backed with his thousands of hirelings. Their 
objects are the same, and both are alike guilty of attempting to excite 
servile insurrection, and to steal and carry away our slaves. 

The carrying away slaves without the consent of the owner, is de- 
nounced by our laws as a crime. The statute declares : 

[See sec. 26, ch. 192, page 790, Code 1860, and insert.] 

This law has been violated almost every day since this wax com- 



- -\ :"K papkks. 

I8rt8. raation en!;' 
He inMan.* 
tions tlnr 
violent : 
real in« •• 

coin :: 
that » 

to ; 


.«. :.'•! tin 1 time ha- iv.Tinr w hen it 

i \- of Virginia. *■» •••ni: :i w they 

.-: •- executed within '»:r limit*. 

• ■« ■■- '-nt'orcc our law- rL'idly. 

■ •• •'■. 'Ju* fact. In:* will •!■• > ■ in iImm'. 

• r» -.ponded tn. It i- _n. tiiyinL r 

- !•:■ .::}«ts to involve th»-i:i in -••r- 
• * : :eir own <lt-tnn-ti"!:. witii r;U"«* 

'•• c.intented. Twenty ■l:i\^ ii:ivi' 
- • M'A Vet illlii'tlv an>l ri'i;:-n , «« 1 >" 

• i * 

i- laM desperate elVort \\\V. py. » vr 
.' »*f tin* iihji-i-t it \v;i« »i« -L:.»"i - 

• \ v. r little anticipated hy i :i. i 1- 
. :y throughout tin- S.»i;t!j. if t;.i- 

■■•■: it will arotwc our )■•■]»!• t-» 

- .•• prosecuting tin- war. :in>i :• will 
-»". * ■■»■ old \ nion. 1 1 i « • > • - wh«» iiiiir.aji 1 

- m: will never die. Tin- institution 

• ■ !«-!iii.Mit < >l* weakness, has. in tail. 

• i 


i % 


► i 

■ i • \«t.']l«-nt message, in alludini; to 
.-*•. lan-juai:*' which I qu-»ti-: •• \W 
:'\\\ common hun.anitv which a 

• *eva-ts of nur fellow-men of all 

*••■•. i'V which >cvcra! millions of 
..-..iful anil contcnti-l la? «•'.'• r> in 

■ •■• 'ii. while at the -sainc tin.*.- tln-v 

• »•• »:'thcir master* I » v tin- hi-idious 

• -. v.:des.* in necessary srlf-d-ii-iuc." 
-.* -. attempted the nil i-t « \ ■crahli- 

fc ."':y man. is temper, d hy pno.uud 

: iis»!o-es. S.» tar a- regard- the 

■".•'.als a* 4 niav ;i t Ti.-n 1 1 -t it- execii- 

•.: :". at I shall, unless in your wis- 

.. expedient, deliver to the several 

■■.•*•> of the lnitei.1 Slates that mav 

■ .i -\ .»f the Stated eiiihraccil in the 
*••.':: in aecordan-v with, the laws 

• ^ •:m , nt «»f criminals entailed in 
• %.;\i soldiers I shall continue to 

,v '/mission ft* th«»<e crimes, ami 
.• ' '.her home-, on the proper and 

• .■. •■• 

., v .*.;• State for trial, as tin- Presi- 


dent suggests, it will be necessary to amend our laws in regard to trials, 1863. 
to that any circuit court in the commonwealth shall be invested with 
poter to hear and determine all cases that may be brought before it. 
Ttin suggestion of the President accords with my own views, and believ- 
ing it to be right, I appeal to you to adopt such legislation as will ensure 
4 fair and speedy trial. 

I trust the General Assembly will at an early day give expression to 
their views on the subjects I have presented for their consideration in 


John Letcher. 

Executive Department Va., 
Richmond, Jan'y 23rd, 1868. 
Lieut. E. S. Gay, 

Com'd'r prisoners of War : 

By directions of the Governor, I send you by private Arnold, P. 
G., nine (9) white flannel shirts, three (3) col'd Flannel shirts, seven (7) 
jackets, two (2) p'r pants, (10) ten pair of drawers, (6) six blankets, 
three (3) overcoats, for the use of the prisoners and to be distributed by 
direction of the surgeon in charge. You will endorse your receipt hereon 
and return to this department. The overcoats you will cause to be sold 
and make report thereof with proceeds to this department. 

By order of the Gov. : 

S. Bassett French, 
Col. and A. D. C. 

A. Coleman Bowman to the Governor. 

Through a motive to serve my country and do justice to the dead, do 
I address you these lines. My father has been murdered for the arrest 
of the Bogus sheriff of Barbour County, and I feel it to be my duty to 
revenge his death. I therefore implore you to place me in an attitude 
in which I can serve my country with benefit and avenge the death of 
kindest and best of Fathers, who was murdered for nothing but his un- 
wavering integrity to the South. I have refrained from taking a very 
active part in the war from the fear of injury that might be done my 
friends, but my provocation is so great that I feel constrained to take 
prompt measures for the punishment of the murderers of my father. I 
ask you for the command of one hundred mounted men to operate west 
of the Shenandoah Mountain and in conjunction with Col. Imboden's 
command. If you will do this I will give you an assurance of my &VA\- 



isttt. ities as a commander in four weeks time or resign back to your hand* 
the powers that you may invest rae with. There were a number of 
other citizens murdered at the same time that my Father was, and 1 
think it is vour dutv to concert measured for the chastisement of such a 
savage and inhuman enemy ; and I promise if you give me the number 
of men that I ask to inflict a punishment that will cause the enemy to 
regret their cruelty toward our unoffending citizens. 

As regards my character and abilities I can but refer you to the men 
and officers in Co. I\, ol Reg't, Va. vols, commanded by Capt. J. Riley 
Phillips. At the commencement of the present hostilities I was a prac- 
ticing Lawyer. I am somewhat of a Tactician, but I do not pretend per- 
fection. You will find accompanying this note Capt. J. Riley Phillip'^ 
letter informing me of the murder of my Father. 

hoping to he answered speedily and explicitly, 

I remain your Humble serv't. 

Monterey, Virginia, January 29th, 18H- 

A. Coleman Bowman 

My dear old friend : — It is with a heart full of unspeakable grief that 
your correspondent takes his pen to tell you an awful story. Capt. Ben 
hill, with some ten men, went into Barbour county and arrested James 
Trahern, the bogus sheriff' of our dear old countv. 

The raid so enraged the vandal hords of Linkendom that they in cool 
blood murdered vour lather and Henry Wilson. Thev shot your dear 
old father full of holes in his own yard. Great Cod, how long is this 
damnable war to go on? 

1 know how deep your grief will be ; I know what a precious father 
vours was. 

Coleman, I have brewed my hands in the blood of my foes until 1 
was tired of the butchery, but now again my anger comes in all its 
fierceness, and now woe to the accursed cut-throats that fall in my path. 
Oh! Heaven avenge us. 

I am getting considerable better. My leg is still very sore. 

John R. Williamson brought the dreadful news of your father's mur- 
der through. 

Coleman, grieve not for him : he hns gone to that land of happiness 
that his soul so long panted for. No more will war's dread alarms dis- 
turb his cjuiet repose. 

He now sleeps where winter's cold, cold blast will pass by him un- 
heeded ; the tall grass mav wave over his head and the tame rose mav 
shed her fragrance there, but he will heed them not — Ids spirit will then 
be with its Cod. 

Oh, Coleman, copy after that father; he was good, kind, and gentle. 
Live like him, and in death you need have no fears. His accustomed 


seat will be vacant at the family altar ; you will all miss it there, and istiH. 
there will be hundreds who will miss his kind, gentle voice — his kind 
^mxI morning. John used to lw my strongest stimulant; it aroused me, 
it pive me energy. 

You can't go home; if you do you will be hurried off to a prison ; so 
remain where you are until spring. Write soon. Direct to Staunton. 

I am very truly your friend, 

J. Riely Phillips. 

Resolution of tue General Assembly in Reference to Floyd's 


Whereas, a letter addressed by Maj.-Gen'l John B. Floyd, on the 21st 
inst., to Geo. T. Anderson, Esq., ch'm'n House committee on mil. affairs, 
[?eeDoc. No. 16] there occurs the following paragraph : 

"I attempted in vain to procure a train of only a hundred pack 
mules, and we were almost entirely without axes and picks. We were 
also without tents, except a few, and without one-third of the necessary 
cooking utensils for the men. For want of the necessary clothing, 
which neither order nor entreaty could procure, many of the men were 
frostbitten during the severe cold weather which prevailed up Xo the 
first of January, when we went into camp near the salt works; but the 
men bore every hardship without complaint.* 

4, The report of the expenditure for our troops is laid before the legis- 
lature in a document submitted by the Adjutant-general of the Com- 
monwealth. About the correctness of this statement I can say nothing ; 
for under an order of the Governor, the Quartermasters, through whose 
hands these expenditures were chiefly made, were taken from under my 
command, and were consequently neither subject to my orders nor 
supervision. This document, however, shows that the entire sum of 
money drawn by the quarter masters under my command, and actually 
in the field, amounts to only eighty-three thousand five hundred dollars, 
the balance of the money drawn from the Treasury must be represented 
by supplies still on hand in possession of the quartermasters, set apart 
by the Governor for his exclusive command. If this be so, then there 
are on hand, purchased and paid for, sufficient supplies to furnish the 
present force for a year to come. The supplies issued to the men up to 
"*e day I left camp were extremely small. Then men were still in bit- 
f r *vant of tents, cloths, blankets, cooking utensils, and even axes. 
" 0r Were there picks and spades enough for the most common and 
ece<ft>s arv purposes. This state of things, so disorganizing and hurtful to 
e ^^rviee, must remain and become worse, unless the quarter masters 
e ** il kject to the orders of the commanding general. 


1863. Resolved, therefore, that the Governor be requested to afford to the 

House full information as to the supplies furnished by the quarter mas- 
ter general of the Virginia Forces, if any; and if none, why? Also 
copies of all orders and correspondence on file in the office of the adju- 
tant General in reference to the State Line. Also, such other and 
further information as he may deem proper, response to the allega- 
tions set out in the extracts aforesaid. 

Agreed to by House of Delegates January 28th, 1863. 

Wm. F. Gordon, Jr., 

C. H. D. 

Copies of Letters from State Prisoners to Members of Con- 
gress of United States. 

Hon. Geo. W. Duxlap, U. S. Congressman from Ky., 

and G. Adams, of the Post Office department : 

We avail ourselves of the present moment of draping you a few 

lines, informing you of our condition. We are here in what is crdd the 
State Line prison, in company with others from the different Reg'tsof Va. 
Vol., amouling in all to one Hundred and fourteen, .*>/ic of which are of 
the 5 Va., some of the 1st Va. Cai'dry, others of the 2d Va. Cavilry, to- 
gether with 45 or 50 xouldicrs and citizens of the 39 Ky. Reg't, under 
Col. John Dills. 

We are reported to have been captured in arms by the troops under 
command of Maj.-Gen. John B. Floyd, of the State Line service, and are 
held as hotegee for citizens that have been incarcerated. We have seen 
the communication of Gov. Lecher to president Lincoln, and if we un- 
derstand it the governor wishes to make an agreement with the president 
that will suit the case of the prisoners on each side ; that is, the prison- 
ers taken bv the State Line forces nude Gen. Flovd on our side, and citi- 
zens of Va. and Ky. taken by our fourren on there side. Now, genteet- 
mcn } we desire to know why it is that such agreement cannot be made? 
What justice can there be in punishing us here for the purpose of keep- 
ing there pr is. there? In view of this fact, we desire that such an agree- 
ment should be spedihi concluded between the Gorvrnvr and president. 
Geateelmm, it is the prisoners on both sides that are the sufferers, and it 
ahoul be the policy of any Government to administer to the unavoidable 
nedecidties of any of its subjects, and if are competed to surfer on here in 
this prison the the subornness of a party in power, why the sin of our 
suffering must rest on them, or him who hareing the power to release us 
and will not use it. Notwithstanding the Diligence and coUe attention of 
the SergeoUy cases of sickness are increasing, of which there are torn 20 



cases of Dangerous illness now, and Deaths not uncommon, of which 1863. 
titer are five amoungut us already. 

We remain yours, <&c, 

Geo. Peck, 
Owen Hatfield, 
Feb. the thr 13th, 1403. 

Is. Brown, 

A. J. Ritler, of Ky. 

State Ltne Prison, 
Richmond, Va., Fcl>. the V f lh, IMS. 

Messrs. G. W. Dunlap, member of Congress, and 

Green Adams, of the Post Office Department: 

The object of this note is to let you know the condition we are in in 
this prison, and to humbly ask your aid in geting us out. We were cap- 
tured by Flovd's command about the first of Dec, 1S62, and were hur- 
ried from home without having time to prepare* for so long a stay as is 
likely to turn out with us, and having become almost destitute of cloth- 
ing we must therefore suffer without assistance from some source, and 
we know not wher to obtain it more rightfully than from the government 
of the United States, to which we belong and whom we have served with 
zeal and patriotism. There is 114 prisoners in this the State prison 
from whm are now waiting for some agreement to take plase between the 
Governor of Va. and the president of of U. S., and we are informed by 
an officer nun-inning this prison that the Gov. wishes to exchang soldier 
for soldier and citizen for citizen, and has communicated the fact to the 
President, and the President does not appear to pay any attention to the 
(Governor's) communication, whereby the Governor ventures the nmim- 
tinn that the president will not answer his communication. We there- 
fore, genteelm, earnestly desire that an enquiry be made of his excclency 
and an answer urgently rab'd for why he he treats his subjects in this 
matter. There are soldiers from the 39th Reg. Reg. of the 5th Va., the 
8th Va. ? the 9th Va., the 1st Va. cmrifry, and of the 3d Va. can hg who 
have served as dutiful and brave mvldcrs in this grate struggle ever since 
the organization of these respective regiments, also quite a number of 
loyal citizens from the border of Va. and Kentucky, who are nearly all 
suffering from sickness caused by exposure and living an unnatural life 
in prison, exposed to filth and vermin, without proper exercise, which 
whirh we have so long accustomed to. We therefore make this last ap- 
peal to you hum hearts and your superior ability to use evry honorable 
exertion that you may find nese^ary for our xpedy release from this prison. 

We remain your very humble and obedient servants, 

Louis C. Dels, 
Franklin King, 

Owen Hatfield, 
James DeLong. 


1868. State Line Prison, Richmond, Va. 

Hon. K. V. Whaley: 


After our best respects we proceed to inform — that we are in 
common health, tho r in quite uncommon circumstances. We are here 
in prison now very near seven weeks, and was five weeks on the road, 
making in all very nigh twelve week since we were taken from home, 
and have never had a change of raiment nor a garment even to shift in. 
We are getting very bare for clothes indeed, and will be bound to suffer 
very much if we do not get some relief soon. We understand from 
Gov. Ijetcher's communication to President Lincoln that he (Lincoln) is 
not likely to agree upon terms by which we might be released from this 
prison, and if so we are bound to be the suffers by the stubborn will of 
our own chief magistrate and fall victims to our own callous govern- 
ment. Now, my dear sir, we petition, not to say instruct, you as our 
representative in Congress to enquire into this mater and inform us why 
it is that we are thus treated. You have Gov. Letcher's communication 
to the President shoing you that we are held as hostiges for the good 
treatment of prisoners that have been incarcerated, as so his opinion 
that it would be better for the federal government, beter for the confed- 
erate governmet, and if you genteelmcn in Washing were here in prison 
we doubt not that you would very soon agree with us that it be better for 
you to agree upon some honorable terms for your release. We do not 
ask that anything disonable should be done, nor do we think that the 
Gov. of Va. has asked it, but we do ask that an honerable agreement may 
be spedihj made which which will bring about an exchange of prisoner 
and effect our release from this prison. There was 118 of us when at 
first put in this prison, nine of which are now in the penetentiary — viz.: 
Capt. Gram, L't Wade, Capt. Damron, Lieut. Damron, John W. How, 
Samitell Pack, Wm. S. Dils, J. Gobb, D. Vanserer : four have died, and 
the residue are here yet. There is 18 or 20 cases of dangerous illness in 
this prison, the naine of which we do not know, tho' we think it to be 
fever of some kind. We have old Dr. Mayo attending on the sick, who 
is an eminent physician and a worthy genteelman of very high tone and 
beliked by us all. .Nothing more, but remain, 

Yours, &c, 

Benja. H. Haley, Nathaniel Chafins, Wm. R. Spaulding, Alvis Manurer, 
Larkin Manard (of Va.), Louis C. Dils, James DeLong, George Peck, 
John Preston (of Ky.), with all the rest." 

February 12th, 1863. 

While writing the above I am informed of another death up-stairs in 

the hospital. 

B. R. Haley. 


James A. Seddon, Secretary of War, to the Governor. 

The Department has been enabled to command from its own resources 1863. 
the requisite supply of arms to meet the emergency which induced me 
to apply to your Excellency for a temporary loan; but though it is not 
necessary to avail myself of your very kind offer to lend the guns. I beg 
to assure you of my high appreciation of the liberal spirit in which you 
have responded to my request. 

With high regard and respect, 

Your obed't serv't. 

Capt. Coghlan's report in regard to the State Prisoners. 

State Armory, 
Richmond, Febntary 10, 1863. 
His Excellency Governor Letcher: 


In reply to your inquiry as to the cost of provisions, fuel and 
medicines for the prisoners captured by General Floyd, from the date of 
their arrival here to this day inclusive, I beg leave respectfully to report 
as follows: 

On the 27th December last there were received here one hundred and 
eighteen prisoners, of these nine were sent to the penitentiary, five were 
delivered to the Confederate authorities as deserters, and five have died. 
On the 10th inst. ten more prisoners were received here. 

An average of the whole number makes 107 men. The whole amount 
expended for the above articles is $3,342.93 ; which divided by 55, the 
number of days, makes $60.78 3-55 per day in the aggregate for the 107 
men, or .56£ per day for each man. 

The bill for medicines included in the above is very moderate, as Dr. 
Mayo the attending physician compounds his own prescriptions without 

Under the present arrangement the purchase, safe keeping, and issue 
of the commissariat stores are under my personal control. 

The funeral expenses of 5 deceased prisoners amounted to $12 each. 

Very respectfully, 

P. G. Coghlan, 
Captain Ord. Dep. and Acting Quartermaster. 

His Excellency Governor Letcher : 

I omitted in the report the character of the rations given the 

prisoners. The allowance of food for each well man per day is three 



1863. pints soup, made of beef, mixed with meal, rice, or flour; one pound of 
beef and one pound of bread. 

The prisoners are required to saw wood, clean up the yard, and clean 
out the privy*. I think this ought to be stopped, because it may sub- 
ject some of our poor fellows in the North to like degrading treatment, 
and, moreover, it is unbecoming towards prisoner* of war. . When the 
well or privy had to be cleaned out before the prisoners arrived here, I 
had it done by netjro convict*. I do not wish to have any difficulty with 
Gay, but I think you ought to know these things ; and, therefore, com- 
municate them to you in this form. 

Very respec., 

P. G. Cog h lax. 

State Armory, 
Richmond, Fel>niary 19, 186 J. 

His Excellency Governor Lktciikr: 

Sir : 

Having been ordered by you, through the Adjut. General, to fit 

up a portion of this Armory as a place of safe? keeping for the prisoners 

captured by G'l Floyd, I herewith submit a statement of the expenses 

incurred in carrying out said order : 

Carpenter work, 514 50 

Gas fixtures, Plumbing, tfcc, 236 00 

Hardware, 47 25 

Cooking utensils, Tin ware, t&c, etc., 752 50 

Brooms, 36 00 

Bed furniture for Hospital, 204 00 

$1,790 25 
Very respectfully, 

P. G. Coohlan, 
Captain Ord. Dep. Va., Acting Quartermaster. 

Richmond, June 19, 1863. 
Col. Geo. W. Munford, 

Pres. Auditing Board, Va. : 

Dear Sir: 

I hereby resign the position of examining clerk of the 
Auditing Board of Virginia. 

I regret that 1 have not had the opportunity of expressing in person 
my thanks for the uniform courtesy and kindness with which I have 
been treated by every member of the Board. 

It will afford me pleasure at all times to give the Board any inforina- 


on in my power in regard to the various accounts which have passed 1863. 
irough my hands. 
With a grateful sense of the friendship shown to me, 

I am, very respectfully, 

Your obed't serv't, 

Edw. H. Fitzhugh. 

Executive Department, 
Richmond, Virginia, September 7 th, 1863. 

Gentlemen of the Senate : 

In conformity with an act of the General Assembly, passed March 
ftth, 1863, I now communicate for confirmation by your honorable 
odv the names of persons appointed as Visitors to the Virginia Mili- 
ary Institute: 

For the Trans-Alleghany district: John Brannon, Arthur C. Cum- 
iing8, Esq'rs. 

For the Valley District : Thomas J. Michie, Robert J. White, Esq'rs. 
For the Piedmont District: William M. Burwell, Charles B. Ball, 

For the Tidewater District: Wm. W. Crump, Wm. H. Macfarland, 
Adjutant-General : Wm. H. Richardson, Ex-officio. 


John Letcher. 

Itesolved, That the Senate advise and consent to the nominations 
tade by the Governor of visitors to the Virginia Military Institute — 
5ft., of John Brannon and Arthur C. (unnnings for the Trans-Alleghany 
strict; of Thomas J. Michie and Robert J. White for the Valley dis- 
ict; of William M. Burwell and Charles B. Ball for the Piedmont dis- 
ict, and of William W. Crump and William H. Macfarland for the 
ide water district. 

Agreed to by Senate Sept'r 8th, 1863. 

Sheltox C. Davis, C. S. 

By the Governor — A Proclamation. 

The General Assembly has authorized the Governor whenever, in his 
jinion the emergency demands it, to call into service Volunteers to 
•otect our citizens and repel invasion. These troops are intended for 
rvice in this Commonwealth. They are to be called out for a term of 
rvice not exceeding sixty days at any one time. Are to be organized, 


1803. armed, and equipped as State troops, and to be paid as such wh^n 
called into the field under any Executive order. The force is to t>e 
organized by companies, and when embodied in sufficient numbers 
under such orders, field officers will be appointed by the Governor to 
command battalions or Regiments. Companies are not to be organized 
under the act until at least thirty men are enrolled. Any number of 
men over thirty, may elect a captain, a first and second Lieutenant. 
But it is desirable that companies should be composed of not less than 
fifty men for service. When officers are elected they will endeavor to 
fill up their ranks and report, as soon as practicable, the formation of 
the company to the Adjutant General, stating the number enrolled, trit* 
place selected for their rendezvous within their county, and the post- 
offices of the several officers. They will then hold themselves in readi~ 
ness for future orders. 

This force is to be composed of persons not liable to conscription bV" 
the Confederate Government, and to be officered by those not now ir* 
the service of that government. 

Companies already organized as home guards, under the act passed 
14th May, 1862, are not to be interfered with in this organization. 
Such companies are not liable to be called into the field without their 
consent. Nor is it designed in this call for volunteers to destroy any 
existing organizations, but they will be preserved, and are to be armed 
as a part of the force now called for. 

I have caused to be appended hereto the act which authorizes the en- 
rollment of this new force. The people of Virginia will see in the pas- 
sage of this law a new determination, on the part of the General Assem- 
bly, to put forth the strength of this Commonwealth to protect our citi- 
zens and maintain our independence. History has taught us that a 
united and determined people may be overrun by superior numbers, 
but that they cannot be conquered if they are firm enough to resist every 
assault, and in turn to assault their assailants whenever opportunity offers. 

We intend not to boast of the force that this State has called into the 
field, or the treasure she has expended, but we intend to do our duty to 
the Confederacy and to ourselves faithfully and fully. This force is 
deemed necessary to give to the State the ability to meet emergencies 
which cannot be promptly met by the Confederate government, and to 
prevent the 'withdrawal of troops from positions that require their pres- 
ence. And it is sincerely hoped and earnestly pressed upon the people 
to respond with alacrity to the efforts of their representatives to furnish 
adequate defence for positions exposed to raids and incursions from a 
detestable foe. There are still thousands in Virginia who have the 
patriotism to strike for their homes, their families, their property, and 
the honor and glory of the State. I invite them to come forth now and 
enrol themselves in these organizations. 

Given under my hand, &c, <fce. 


Letter of the Governor presenting flag to Col. of 2nd Va. 


Executive Dept., 1863. 

Richmond, Dec. 16, 1 863. 
Col. T. T. Munford, 

2d Reg't of Va. Cavalry, army of Northern Va. : 

I have the pleasure of presenting to you a flag for the 2d Regiment of 
Virginia cavalry, which has been ho long, so faithfully, and with such 
distinguished ability commanded by you. The gallant services rendered 
by yourself and men from the inception of the war to the present day, 
have inspired within me as a Virginian, and as the Executive of the 
Commonwealth, the liveliest feelings of pride and gratification. 

I have always felt confident that Virginia officers and privates in this 
war would prove themselves equal to the best troops that had ever 
graced a service or honored a battle field. I have not been disappointed 
and now that I am about to retire from office, I feel pride in declaring 
that the Virginia of the Revolution of 1776, will not furnish a nobler or 
a brighter history of herself and her sons, than the Virginia of 1861. 

Before this war shall end we must expect to endure yet more suffering, 
more deprivations than have fallen to us in the past, we will endure 
them, and we will eventually triumph. 

1 commit this flag to you with the assurance that it will be entrusted 
to brave and noble hands, who will defend it with that spirit, courage 
and devotion which Virginians never fail to exhibit. 

Trulv. <fcc. 
H'd Q'ks 2nd Va. Caw, Deer Jl*t, 186-1. 

His Excellency J no. Letcher: 


The beautiful State flag bestowed by your Excellency upon the 
Second Regiment of Virginia cavalry under my command has been re- 
ceived. I thank you on behalf of the Regiment for the compliment 
awarded its officers and men and for myself for your kind mention of 
my Men-ices. 

It is a proud satisfaction to each of us to have had the privilege of 
aiding to defend Virginia, and a pleasure to know that in doing so we 
have contributed our share in maintaining a great and glorious cause. 
In accepting this flag I feel that I do not promise too much for rn} f offi- 
cers and men when I assure your Excellency that you will not be dis- 
ap|K»inted in the spirit, devotion, and courage they will display in pre- 
serving this emblem of State sovereignty and in maintaining with heart 
and hand the Independence of the South. 


1863. Accept assurances of the highest respect, and with ray best wishes 

believe me your ob't sVt, 

Thomas T. Muxford, 

Col. 2nd Va. Cavalry. 

Wm. Smith, Governor of Virginia, to Brigadier-General 


1864. I have the honor to inform you that I have received this morning. 

Tan R 

Richmond ^ rom a P atr i° t,c gentleman, the handsome sum of ten thousand dollars, 
to he applied for the benefit of my old Brigade, now so ably commanded 
by you. I am most highly gratified at this token of appreciation of as 
gallant a brigade as is in the service of the country. 

I would respectfully suggest that you convene the commandants of 
your Brigade to consult with you as to the means which will give the 
largest utility to the donation, and respectfully ask that you will report 
your wishes to me as early as practicable. 

I am, <fec. 

Jefferson Davis, President Confederate States, to the 


Dec 15, I have the honor to invite your attention to the enclosed coramunica- 

Richmond fj on f rom £} ie Secretary of war, and in compliance with his recommenda- 
tion to request that you furnish to the Department five thousand slaves 
to be employed for sixty days in laboring upon fortifications in the 
State of Virginia. 

I am, etc. 

Confederate States of America, 

War Department Engineer Bureau, 

Richmond, Va., Dec. Hth, 1864. 
Hon. James A. Seddon, 

Sec'y of War : 

Sir : 

Upon the urgent solicitations of (.jen'l H. E. Lee, I have the 

honor to recommend that a further call be made upon the State of Vir- 
ginia for slave labor for the fortifications in this State for the period of 
sixtv da vs. 

Accompanying this is a list which has been carefully prepared from 
data in the possession of this Bureau of the Counties and Corporations 


from which it is recommended that the call for slaves he made, the 18G4. 
quota, of each being stated. I respectfully recommend that in accord- 
ance with act of the Virginia Legislature of .*>rd of Oct., 1<S(>2, His Ex- 
cellency the President be requested to submit the accompanying list to 
His Kxcellency the Governor of Virginia, requesting that a call he made 
on the State for 5,000 slaves for the period above stilted. 

1 am, sir, very Respectfully, 

Your ohcd't Serv't, 

J. F. (ill.MKIC, 

Major-Gen'l and ChT Eng. Bureau. 

Wah Dki'autmknt, C. S. A., 
RlfllMoXO, Ihr. ir>th y 1S(H. 

To the President of the Confederate States: 

ftcn'l Lee lias made to this Department the most urgent represen- 
tation an to the necessity for slave labor to be employed on the fortifica- 
tions in the State of Virginia, and by my direction the Chief of the 
Khgineer Bureau has prepared the accompanying list of the Counties 
and ( 'oq>orations from which it is recommended that slaves be drawn for 
the purpose indicated. 

I have the honor to request that these papers be transmitted to the 
Governor of Virginia, and that a call be made upon him for five thous- 
and slaves for the period of sixty days, in accordance with the provisions 
of the Act of the General Assembly, passed Oct. *5rd, 1S02. 

Verj r Respectfully, 

Your obed't serv't, 

.Jamks A. Skddon, 
Sect'y of War. 

Pay Office Exg'r Dki>'t C. S., 

14 Law, Franklin St., 

Richmond, Dec. llflh, 186i. 
Hia Excellency Wm. Smith, 

Governor of Virginia: 
Gov'r : 

By direction of Gen'l W. H. Stevens, C. 8. Eng'r and Ch'f Eng'r 
A. N. V., I have the honor to inform you that he desires that you will in 
any manner you may deem best, make it known to the Sheriff's and their 
assistants in the Counties called on to furnish labor under the General 
State Impressment Law, that they will receive from the Gov't C. S. a 


1864. bonus of five dollars ($5) per head for each slave collected and delivered 
to the proper officer Eng'r Depart in this city or any other designated 
point, and they will also have their expenses paid in attending to such 
collection and delivery. 

I am, very Respectfully, 

Y'r obed't serv't, 

Jno. B. Stanard, 
Cap't Eng'rs. 

George W. Munford, Sect'y of Com'w'lth, to Capt. Thos. J. 
Moore, Com'r S. S. Va., Wilmington, N. C. 

The Governor requests me to acknowledge the receipt of the hand- 
some State Flag presented by you to Virginia. It is a glorious substitute 
for the U. S. Flag which was designed by the Yankees to float over our 
Capitol. We are yet spared that degradation, and by the help of the 
true sons of Virginia, and of our gallant brethren of the Confederacy » 
we will keep the Sic Sender Tyrannis flaunting in the face of our hated 
foes. I return you in the name of the Governor sincere thanks. 

I am, <fcc. 

Wilmington, N. C, 3rd Dec., 1864. 
To Hon. Wm. Smith, 

Governor of State of Virginia : 

Accept this Flag as a donation to the State House of the " Old 
Dominion" from one of her sons. 

Yours truly, 

Thomas J. Moore, 
Com'd'r S. S. Virginia. 

H'd Q'rs Lee's Cav. Div., 
Orange C. H., Feb. 17th, 1864. 
Col. R. H. Chilton, 

Chief of Staff A. N. Va. : 

I have the honor, in compliance with an endorsement from 
H'd Q'rs A. N. Va., upon a letter from Governor Smith, enclosing copies 
of communications from the Senator and Delegates of Hardy and Hamp- 
shire Counties complaining of damages done to citizens of those coun- 
ties by troops under my command, to make the following statement, 




delayed until this time by my being upon leave of absence when the isr»4. 
fftpeis referred to reached my H'd Q'rs. 

The expedition into those counties was undertaken by order and for 
the purpose of getting such commissary stores, particularly beef cattle, 
** could not be procured by (government agents, owing to the proximity 
of enemy's forces. In order to effect the purpose, |K>rtions of my com- 
mand were sub-divided into various small detachments and sent in all 
iVroctions upon either side of the designated route, and I have no doubt 
committed in some instances improper and unlawful acts, but that "al- 
most every one for more than thirty miles along the line of march were 
stript of all their horses and a good deal of their property — that this 
was done by the soldiers indiscriminately with the knowledge and con- 
sent, if not the orders, of officers,'' is simply absurd, and one of those 
gross exaggerations which I am sorry to say this war has developed to a 
very large degree in very many of the citizens of this once proud old 
Commonwealth. Some horses were taken from chant* of Ibinly <ui<1 
Hamp*hire comities, who nevertheless are our hitter rnnuirx, by order of 
the Brigade commanders and with my knowledge, to mount soldiers 
fighting against them who otherwise would have been left tj the tender 
mercies of the friends of those citizens, their horses having been broken 
down in consequence of a long and arduous trip after Averill, under- 
taken just before. 

I not only gave strict orders about respecting the rights and property 
of loyal citizens, but when instances were brought to my notice of their 
horses being taken had them at once returned and ordered charges to be 
preferred against the offenders for stealing. If 1 was u applied to by 
one James Sloan to return his horses, or a part of them.'* and " refused," 
it was because "one James Sloan" was using his horses for the benefit 
of the enemies of (what ought to be) his country ; and the mere fact of 
one "James Sloan" being permitted to keep eleven horses surrounded 
on all sides by Yankees is a conclusive argument against his loyalty 
with all those who are familiar with the peculiar weakness of that pecu- 
liar race of beings. 

I do not remember the particular instance of one " James Sloan," 
upon which so much stress is laid by the Delegate from Hard)', but do 
recollect refusing to return to several citizens their horses because 1 had 
indubitable evidence of their disloyalty. Iknow nothing of cloth being 
stolen from factories or leather from tan-yards, as represents the com- 
munication of the Senator and Delegates from Hardy and Hampshire 
counties, but will write to Gen'l Iiosser, who was then temporarily under 
my command and whose troops held the advance, and request an inves- 
tigation, to be had at once. I myself saw three or four soldiers who 
were returning with a detached party each with a small roll of leather 



1864. behind his saddle, and upon my asking how they obtained them, re- 
ceived for a reply that they had bought and paid for them. 

The evidence of officers of my own command and of citizens resi- 
dent of those counties where I am best known, will support me when I 
write, the security of the property of private citizens always commands 
my most diligent efforts, and to zealously guard it from the ruthless 
hand of friend or foe is my special immunity. During my recent 
severe trip in December and January, I traveled 555 miles, passing 
through the Counties of Madison, Orange, Albemarle, Augusta, Rock- 
bridge, Botetourt, Craig, Alleghany, Bath, Rockingham, Shenandoahi -» 
Hardy, and Hampshire. The two last alone remind me of my visit- 
In the two last alone 1 have found disloyal citizens, and upon the trit^ 
principle of "one good turn deserves another," it may be possible tha<> 
self-interest causes the Senator and Delegates from those counties to fail 
to separate the ' clean from the unclean " in their communication to th^ 
Governor of Va. setting forth " the outrages committed on the citizens* 
of Hardy and Hampshire " by the troops under my command. As an 
act of justice to myself, I invite his perusal of this letter. 

Most Respectfully, 

Your obed't Serv't, 

Fitz Lee, 

Major-General Com'd'g. 

The foregoing letter bears the following endorsements : 

Hd. Qrs. Lee's Cav. Div., Feb. 17th, 1864. 

Major-General Fitz Lee makes required explanatory statements rela- 
tive to outrages purported to have been committed by his command on 
property of citizens of Hardy and Hampshire Counties. 

Hn. Qrs. Cav. Corps, A. N. V., 18t!i Feb., 1864. 

Respectfully forwarded in the absence of Gen'l Stuart. 

H. B. McClellax, 
Major and A. A. G. 

Hd. Qrs. A. N. V., Feb. 24Ut f 1864. 

Respectfully forwarded in explanation as required. 

By order of Gen'l Lee. 

R. H. Chilton, 

A. A. and I. G. 

Resp'y submitted to the Sec. of War. 

H. I. Clay, 

A. & I. G. 0. A. A. Gen'l. 

Feb. 26, 1864. 


Nr. S.: 1864. 

Inclose this with a note to Gov'r Smith, calling his attention to 

it, and requesting after making such use as he may desire, to return it 

to the files of the Depart. 

29th Feb., 1864. I. A. S. 

Executive Department, 1865. 

Richmond, Jan. 28rd, 1865. 
To the Clerk of the Hustings Court of the City of Lynchburg: 

I have just received your communication covering the proceed- 
ings of your court in relation to the requisition for slaves to work on 
fortifications. I confess my surprise at its character. That there should 
not be more than one hundred and one slaves between the ages of 18 
and 55 years in your large and crowded city is difficult to believe, and 
of which not more than thirty are capable* of ordinary labor. However, 
it is the duty of the Court to ascertain the fact and not to take the opinion 
of any one, which can be done by having the slaves examined by a 
competent board of surgeons. 

The requisition is according to the last circular from this department 

for one in every ten, and it includes the entire slave population subject 

to conscription in the city, hirelings to the Confederate Government or 

agents, railroad hands, &c, not excepted. If the Government chooses 

to relieve after the impressment is made it can do so, I have no power 

to do it. I have to express my deep regret at the manifest reluctance of 

the Counties, cities and towns in filling these requisitions called for the 

public defence. At a time when the slave Institution itself is in peril, 

and our inability to hold Richmond would make our interest in slave 

property worthless, a call made at the instance of Gen'l Lee to enable 

him to hold this city is too frequently responded to with such coldness 

and reluctance as to fill the hearts of those deeply anxious for our 

Liberty and Independence with anguish if not despondency. 

Very Respectfully, 

Wm. Smith. 

Executive Department, 

Richmond, Feb. 10th, 1865. 
To the General Assembly of Virginia : 

In consequence of the extensive ravages of the Enemy, and the great 
disturbance of the industrial interests of the several counties, and the 
irregularity of past impressments for labor to work on fortifications, 
combined with the indisposition which too frequently prevails to obey 
such requisition, I find additional legislation necessary. 


I sift. Under the present law a county which has lost one-fourth of its slavt 

labor between the prescribed ages is exempt from impressment. Tht 
effect of this rule is to exempt whole districts of some of the counties 
which have sustained no loss of their labor, and individuals who have 
similarly escaped from contributing to the public defence. There are 
some counties which have lost all the slaves from one-half of their terri- 
tory and none in the other half thereof. I can not perceive upon what 
principle such exemption can be justified. Many slaves have been hired 
in some counties into others to escape impressment, and although it i* 
required by existing law that they should be counted in the hands of tin 
hirers, yet it is believed to be necessary to make it effective that ther 
should be other legislation. The law too is regarded as ambiguous 
which declares that no slave-holder shall be exempted by reason c 
having slaves in the employment of the State or Confederate Goverf 

The law exempts also those who have sustained a loss of one-thin 
of their slave labor, which gives rise to dissatisfaction. I, therefore, re 
spectfully suggest that the true rule of impressment should be a certaii 
per centum of the whole labor of a county, whether ravaged by th 
enemy or not. and that the owner of the slaves, whether he shall hav 
hired them out or not, should be subject to the impressment, and tha 
all questions of account between the counties shall be terminated b 
some proper enactment therefor, as such questions are rarely founde 
in any well-grounded cause. 

I was called upon about the middle of December by the Presidei 
tor live thousand slaves to work upon fortifications. I issued my requ 
sit ion accordingly. I was overwhelmed with claims set up by th 
different counties, some insisting they had furnished more than thei 
quota under former requisitions; some that they had furnished officei 
of the government; some that they had furnished more than their neigl 
bur counties; some that they were exempt by reason of the heavy loss* 
sustained by the public enemy ; some upon the ground of agriculture 
necensity, iVc. 1 soon saw that if I undertook to adjust the conflictin 
views of the several counties, the object of Gen'l Lee would be defeate< 
which was to perfect his work, during the winter, and with labor ths 
could be spared by the farmer at that season; and I concluded to mak 
a requisition for one-tenth of the labor from all the counties alike, as th 
\\wm\ iuM and satisfactory rule I could devise. This seemed for awhil 
to wive hat intact ion, but soon difficulties arose, and, I grieve to say, ths 
o\eu lhi» requisition, at this critical time, is but feebly responded to. 
\*\% Umvo to com.uunicate to you the replies of the county courts c 
AuMttftlit and Hanover as illustrations of the action of other counties i 
t!u> pivuiibvvi, ami also a copy of a letter from Gen'l Lee. which show 
how poovl.v the impivssnumt ordered has been responded to. 


From all I can learn the safety of this city depends upon the prompt 1865. 
supply of the necessary labor. It cannot be had with the requisite 
promptness without further and immediate legislation. Exemption of 
counties and individuals I submit, should cease. Accounts which coun- 
ties attempt to raise with each other, should be closed. 
All of which is respectfully submitted. 

Head Qurs. A. N. Va., 9th FcVy, 1865. 

His Exc'y Wm. Smith, 

Gov. of Virginia, Richmond : 


From a report which I have just received from Gen'l Stevens, 

the chief Engineer of this army, I regret to inform you that of the 
o,000 laborers requested in December last, we have received but 502. 
At the rate at which they are coining in, I see no prospect of securing 
a sufficient force for the work needed before the commencement of the 
campaign. Could I have got the proper amount of labor, all the work 
could now have been completed, and we should have felt better prepared 
to resist assaults of the enemy that we may daily look for. From pres- 
ent appearances I do not think that the enemy will delay his opera- 
tions until spring. He is receiving reinforcements daily, and keeps his 
troops constantly provided with cooked rations ami ammunition, as if 
making preparations for immediate service. Unless I can net a strong 
force of laborers at once. I see no prospect of having our extensive lines 
in the condition they should be. The troops are kept constantly em- 
ployed in repairing the ravages of the winter storms, iV r c, cutting wood, 
procuring supplies, and watching the operations of the enemy. They 
cannot be called off from the lines of entrenchments to do the work for 
which I desired the negro force. 

With great respect, 

Your obed't serv't, 

R. E. Lee, 

Executive Department, 
Richmond, Feb'y 20th, 1865. 
To the Gen'l Assembly : 

Certain volunteer organizations of free negroes and slaves have 
heen and may be formed with a view to aid in the public defence, and 
there is great anxiety on the part of Gen'l Longstreet to try them with- 
out delay, believing, as he does, that they will have a most valuable 

2(50 *a r -TATE PAPKRS. 

IHiiT). L'nder iln- . *^ "rps of negroes confronting his com- 
lahor lietwci- 

effect of t! - »*'■ * 'iCiinst arming the free negroes and 

which In. . nation is necessary to remove such laws 

similarl;. ^ *-c :.» "*rer you to the opinion of the AttV 

some ni . -. .. ;a-i respectfully ask immediate action in 
torv ii:> 

I )ril,rl i _ r -viiur to be, very resp'ly, 

in .*<*]: 

it-iu; Wm - Smitil 

hin : 

8M '" Rn-HMoxi>, Feb. JJrrt, 1S*>.~>. 


jj ^. » ^ >een referred to me for an opinion and 

n -.j*-nior mv response, 
in- ", . 

. ...^ '^aiilt at Weston is a Branch of the Mother 

n . t i -hi< State. The property held by the 

i- Bank. The fact that Weston is within 

, 1.1.1^ :he rights of the Bank. 

> .. !..-Col. Witcher was an act which could 

: « :*a j* to them, for that seizure was not of 

aoiiy. but of citizens corporators in a Bank 

as--*r >hows the funds belonged to the Bank. 

n i.x*>k stockholder in the Bank. As a State it 

^ Mi '.he Rank has a clear right to them, and 

Sah> ,. ,c ieti as her duty to her citizens, makes it 

■ *oiw so the Bank the funds so seized and an- 

v federate Government. 
;.n iK > : * Ul represent the claim to the Confed- 
-iV :>w return of the funds to the Bank, whose 

Very respectfully, 

J. R. Tucker. 

"*K .;v!»IKK --iiKXKRAL, TO T1IK (iOVERXOK. 

i k-xihu-'u. V *i- Mm will call upon you in my name 

_ ^ x N ..•■!» your power to let him have it, and I 

«^ . to in\« *■■ ■ 

fc-W * ^ - s "' * w ,w»»we\l bv those who march under its folds, 

s.' % ,.^ ** " v " . %l .<xivi^v wry dearly, but to me "Sic semper 


Tyrannis " is still the " proudest motto that ever shown upon knightly 1865. 
shield," and I would follow it wherever the southern cross had faded He^dquart- 

from the skv. ere Pegram's 

Resp'ly and Truly yours, ivc. 

Head Quarters Armies of the United States, 

In field, Virginia, February 21st, 1865. 
Judge Ro. Or Li), 

Agent of Exchange C. S. A. : 

Enclosed please find communication of Major-General E. O. C. 
Ord. U. S. Vols, in relation to the Insane Asylum at Williamsburg, Vir- 
ginia, with endorsement of the Secretary of War thereon and enclosures. 
If the proposition contained in said endorsement for the supply of 
this asylum is accepted, please communicate such acceptance to me, 
together with any other matter touching the manner of its supply, &c, 
you may desire in order that immediate measures may be taken to carry 
the same into effect. 

Very Respectfully your obedient servant, 

U. S. Grant, 


State of Virginia, Executive Depart., 

Richmond, March 1, 5th, 1865. 
To the General Assembly : 

Gentlemen : 

I have the honor to call your. attention to the accompany- 
ing communication from Lt.-Gen , l R. S. Eweil, comd'g Depart., Rich- 

There is a large number of men in the city over fifty years of age, not 
enrolled for or liable under existing laws to any military duty, but who 
are yet capable of bearing arms and rendering important service in the 
present emergency, and I earnestly recommend that a Joint Resolution 
be passed to-day authorizing the Governor to require service of them 
either in separate or existing organizations, as may appear best. The 
danger is imminent, and calls for the most energetic action in strengthen- 
ing the force which now holds our lines. 

It is not to be thought of that able bodied men, whatever their ages, 
should walk the streets undisturbed in the pursuit of private interests 
when the vandal foe in formidable force threatens the Capitol axv& W&vt 


1865. own homes, and their services are necessary to protect them. These 
men should be provided with arms and sent to the menaced lines with- 
out delay. I trust that such may be the sense of the assembly as it is 
certainly the imperative necessity of the military situation. 

Richmond, March 1 5th, 1805. 
His Excellency Wm. Smith, 

Gov'r of Va: 

I beg leave to represent that the city is threatened with an iraiu^" 
diate attack by the enemy in large force. It is most important th*** 
there be some authority for calling into service for an emergency all m^* 1 
in the city capable of bearing arms. I respectfully urge upon you tt* e 
absolute necessity of such legislation, and suggest that a Joint Resoli^' 
tion of the Gen'l Assembly of Va. promptly passed, is necessary to me*^ 
the emergency. 

The information comes from Gen'l Early, who has arrived in the cit>^ 
and front other sources. Early passed the enemy's columns. 

Very truly, your obed't servant, 

R. S. Ewkll, 

Central Lunatic Asylum, 

Staunton, March 7th, 1865. 
To his Excellency Governor Smith: 

The undersigned, a portion of the Board of Directors of the Central 
Lunatic Asylum, deem it their duty to represent to you that they are 
the only members of the Board accessible at this time, and that they 
have just received from the proper officer of the Asylum the following 
statement of facts substantially, that on Saturday morning the 4th 
hurt., a detachment from Gen'l Sheridan's army arrived at Staunton, 
having under guard Confederate soldiers said to have been captured near 
Waynenborough. That unable to learn who was in command he 
addressed a note as soon as they arrived to the Provost Marshal or other 
ottlcerri in command, informing him that the institution was a atate charity 
appropriated exclusively to the care of the insane, containing over three 
hundred of that class of patients; respectfully asking that it might be 
protected from unnecessary intrusion; but before he could ascertain 
where headquarters were located, a party of cavalry numbering about three 
hundred rode into the back yard of the Asylum commanded by one who 
w»h introduced as Col. Serly. That he availed himself of the brief time 
alluwud it) announce to the Col. the character of the institution and the 
number of the insane under our care, and his response was "I will do 


nothing except upon orders which have come regularly through." That 1865. 
thereupon a large quantity of the supplies of the Asylum was taken or 
wantonly destroyed, to-wit: about 180 barrels of flour, 10,600 pounds of 

bacon, pounds of beef, a large quantity of com, oats and rye, 

three mules, set of carriage harness, 3 sets of wagon harness, 50 pair of 
shoes, a quantity of hay, and some wearing apparel belonging to the 

Comment upon this act of Vandalism, unprecedented in the history 
of civilized warfare, is unnecessary. We simply deem it our duty to 
report the facts to your Excellency, and through you to the Legislature 
of the State, in order that they may be put upon record, and that your 
wisdom may devise some adequate remedy by which the destitution of 
these poor unfortunates may be provided for. 

Respectfully submitted, 

Thos. J. Mich ik, 
John B. Watts, 
N. K. Trout, 
H. M. Bell. 

Executive Department, 
Richmond, March '17th, 1865. 

To the Presidents of the incorporated Banks in the city of Richmond : 

Gentlemen : 

The advertisements published in the papers of the city 
stating that several of the Banks will redeem their outstanding circula- 
tion in coin at a large discount have not escaped my notice, but my at- 
tention has been particularly called to the subject to-day by a letter from 
members of the Senate, a copy of which I herein enclose. Concurring 
in the views expressed in this letter, I respectfully and earnestly protest 
against this action of the Banks, and ask that they will arrest further 
disbursements on this account until the reassembling of the General 
Assembly, which will take place on the 29th instant. I cannot but be- 
lieve the course they are now pursuing must enure to the benefit of the 
public enemy and inevitably drive from the State the coin thus paid for 
the notes redeemed. It is known that the Bank notes have disappeared 
from circulation, and that the greater amount of those outstanding have 
found their way into northern cities, and through agents of the north 
these notes will be presented at the counters of the Banks and the coin 
received will be immediately transmitted there. It may become of vital 
importance to the State that this coin should be used for its salvation. 
If bo used I believe ample security will be provided by the Legislature 

for its repayment, and that no loss will be sustained by .these institu- 



1866. tions. I urgently request, therefore, that further payment of coin ivill 
be suspended until the meeting of the Gen'l Assembly. 

Very respectfully, 

Wm. Smith. 

Richmond, 17 th March, I860. 

Governor : 

The undersigned, members of the Virginia Senate, r^" 

maining yet in the city after the adjournment of the General Assembly'? 
having had our attention this day directed to the notices of several c^* 
the Banks proposing to redeem their outstanding circulation in specie m~ * 
a large discount, and being of opinion that the disbursement of th 
coin in the Banks in the manner proposed will be very injurious to th 
public cause, respectfully request if you concur in this opinion, that yor* 
will exert all your influence with the said Banks in arresting such dis- 
bursement until at least the Gen'l Assembly, soon to assemble, may 
he able to consider the subject. 

Jos. Christian, James F. Johnson, 

Jamks Neeson, A. D. Dickinson, 

J as. D. Armstong, Andrew Hunter, 

Wm. D. Quesenberry, A. J. Marshall. 

Richmond, Va., Bank of Richmond, March 21st, 1865. 

To his Excellency Wm. Smith, 

Gov'r of the Commonwealth of Va. : 
Dear Sir: 

I have received your letter of the 17th instant, and have 
laid it before the Board of Directors of this Bank for their considera- 

I am happy to say that they have resolved to comply with your re- 
quest to suspend the redemption of our notes until the meeting of the 
Gen'l Assembly on the 29th instant. 

Yours, very respectfully, 

Abraham Warwick, 


Farmers Bank of Virginia, Mar. 20th, 1865. 


I have the honor to acknowledge your communication of the 

17th inst, requesting a suspension of the order of this Bank, providing 

for the redemption of the circulation with coin until the reassembling 


of the Legislature, and to reply, that it was submitted to-day to the i860. 
Board of Directors at their first session after its receipt, and that a reso- 
lution was adopted consenting to your request. The redemption, there- 
fore, ceases from this date. 

The resolution of this Bank to redeem its circulation with coin was 
adopted as late as the 8th inst., and not until the example had been set 
by many of the Banks. The course of the Banks in that particular had 
not been disapproved by the Legislature or public, so far as was known, 
and was supposed to be generally sanctioned. 

It was not intended that any " benefit should enure to the public 
enemy " from the measure, nor was it considered liable to that objection. 
In affect the measure was in conformity with the course of the treasury 
department of our government in the exchange at certain dates of coin 
for Confederate issues. 

It was a part of the scheme to which the Bank intended to address 
itself diligently to exclude from the redemption, as far as it might be 
practicable, any notes which there were good grounds to suspect came 
from tbe enemy. The amount redeemed under the resolution of the 
8th inst is (29,406) Twenty-nine thousand four hundred and six dollars. 
It should he remembered that the Banks actually co-operated in giving 
currency to our Confederate issues by collecting their debts contracted 
before the war in those issues, thereby surrendering the advantage of 
redeeming their circulation by collecting these debts. The use of the 
coin in the mode provided by the resolution of the 8th inst. would 
effect something towards reducing the loss which resulted therefrom. 

I am, with great respect, 

Your obed't serv't, 

Wm. H. Macfarland. 




The John Brown Insurrection. 

■ >i«n — •- 


Consisting of the Journal of the Constitutional Conven- 
tion at Chatham, Canada West ; Brown's Declaration 
of Independence ; Provisional Constitution and 
Ordinances for the People of the United 
States — printed ; Kagi's draft for a Pro- 
visional Army ; Correspondence and 
Plans of Brown's men ; 

Letters from their friends and from persons furnishing 
means ; Memoranda, Hints and Suggestions ; Extracts 
from Letters, Diaries, and Journals ; Commissions 
issued under the Provisional Army regula- 
tions ; List of Members of the Provis- 
ional Convention and Government, 

<fec, &c, &c. 


November 16th, 1859. 



jorrkal of the provisional constitl'tion held on saturday, 

May 8th, 1858. 

Chatham, Canada West, 1859. 

Saturday, May 8th, 1858, 

10 A. M. — Convention met in pursuance to call of John Brown and 
others, and was called to order by Mr. Jackson, on whose motion Mr. 
Wm. C. Monroe was chosen President; when, on motion of Mr. Brown, 
Mr. J. H. Kagi was elected Secretary. 

On motion of Mr. Delany, Mr. Brown then proceeded to state the 
object of the convention at length, and then to explain the general fea- 
tures of the plan of action in execution of the project in view of the 

Mr. Delaney and others spoke in favor of the project and the plan, 
and both were agreed to by general consent. 

Mr. Brown then presented a plan of organization, entitled " Provis- 
ional Constitution and Ordinances for the People of the United States," 
and moved the reading of the same. 

Mr. Kinnard objected to the reading until an oath of secrecy be taken 
by each member of the convention. Whereupon, 

Mr. Delany moved that the following parole of honor be taken by all 
members of the convention : 

" I solemnly affirm that I will not in any way divulge any of the 
secrets of this convention, except to persons entitled to know the same, 
on the pain of forfeiting the respect and protection of this organization." 
Which motion was carried. 

The President then proceeded to administer the obligation; after 

The question was taken on the reading of the plan proposed by Mr. 
Brown, and the same carried. 

The plan was then read by the secretary; after which, on motion of 
Mr. Whipple, it was ordered that it be now read by articles for considera- 


1869. The articles, from one to forty-five inclusive, were then read i 


On the reading of the forty-sixth, Mr. Reynolds moved to strike c* ** 
the same. 

Reynolds spoke in favor, and Brown, Monroe, Owen Brown, De\&jrm.y 
Realf, Kinnard, and Kagi against. 

The question was then taken and lost, there being but one vote in t~Bn* 

The article was then adopted. 

The forty-seventh and forty-eighth articles, with the schedule, w^=^ 
then adopted in the same manner. 

It was then moved by Mr. Delany that the title and preamble staim ^ 
as read. Carried. 

On motion of Mr. Kagi, the Constitution, as a whole, was unam~ ^ 
mously adopted. 

The Convention then, at 1£ P. M., adjourned, on motion of Mr. Jacl 
son, till 3 o'clock. 

3 P. M. — Journal read and approved. 

On motion of Mr. Delany, it was then ordered that those approving 
the Constitution as adopted, sign the same. Whereupon the names 
all the members were appended. [See No. 911.] 

After congratulatory remarks by Messrs. Kinnard and Delany, th^^ 
Convention, on motion of Mr. Whipple, adjourned at a quarter to 4. 

J. H. Kagi, 
Sec. of the Convention. 

Chatham, Canada West, 
Saturday, May 8th, 1868. 

6 P. M. — In accordance with, and obedience to the provisions of the 
schedule to the Constitution for the " proscribed and oppressed people " 
of the United States of America to-day adopted at this place, a conven- 
tion was called by the President of the Convention framing that instru- 
ment, and met at the above-named hour for the purpose of electing 
officers to fill the offices specially established and named by said Consti- 

The convention was called to order by Mr. M. R. Delany, upon whose 
nomination Mr. Wm. C. Monroe was chosen President, and Mr. J. H. 
Kagi, secretary. 

A committee consisting of Messrs. Whipple, Kagi, Bell, Cook and 
Monroe was then chosen to select candidates for the various offices to be 
rilled, for the consideration of the convention. 

On reporting progress and asking leave to set again, the request was 
refused and the committee discharged. 


On motion of Mr. Bell the convention then went into the election of 1850. 
officers in the following manner and order: 

Mr. Whipple nominated John Brown for commander-in-chief, who was 
on the seconding of Mr. Delany, elected by acclamation. 

Mr. Realf nominated J. H. Kagi for Secretary of War, who was elected 
in the same manner. 

On motion of Mr. Brown the convention then adjourned to J) A. M. on 
Monday the 10th. 

Monday, May 10th, 1858. 

9 A. M. — The proceedings of convention on Saturday were read and 
approved. " 

The President announced that the business before the convention was 
the further election of officers. 

Mr. Whipple nominated Thomas M. Kinard for President. In a speech 
of some length Mr. Kinard declined. 

Mr. Anderson nominated J. W. Logurn for the eame office. The 
nomination was afterwards withdrawn. Mr. Logurn not being present, 
and it being announced that he would not serve if elected. 

Mr. Brown then moved to postpone the election of President for the 
present Carried. 

The convention then went into the election of members of Congress. 

Messrs. Alfred M. Ellsworth and Osborn Anderson were elected. 

Alter which the convention went into the election of Secretary of 
State; to which office Richard Realf was chosen. 

Whereupon the convention adjourned to 2£ P. M. 

2J P. M. — Convention again assembled, and went into a balloting for 
the election of Treasurer and Secretary of the Treasury. 

Owen Brown was elected as the former and George B. Gill as the latter. 

The following resolution was then introduced by Mr. Brown and 
unanimously passed : 

Resolved, That John Brown, J. H. Kagi, Richard Realf, L. F. Parsons, 
C. P. Kidd, E. Whipple, C. W. Moffet, John E. Cook, Owen Brown, 
Steward Taylor, Osborn Anderson, A. M. Ellsworth, Richard Richardson, 
W. H. Seem an, and John Lawrence be, and are hereby, appointed a 
committee to whom is delegated the power of the convention to fill by 
election all the offices specially named in the Provisional Constitution 
which may be vacant after the adjournment of this convention. 

The convention then adjourned sine die. 

J. H. Kagi, 
Sec. of Convention. 
8ee No. [781] 



1859. Head Quarters War Department Provisional Army, 

Harper's Ferry, Oct. 10th, 1859. 

General Orders No. 1. 


The Divisions of the Prov. army and the coalition are hereby estar ^ 
lished as follows : 

1. Company. 

A company will consist of 56 privates, 12 non-commissioned officer^^ 
(8 corporals, 4 sergeants), 3 com. off. (2 Lieutenants, a Captain), and 

The privates shall be divided into Bands or messes of 7 each, num- 
bering from 1 to 8, with a corporal to each, numbered like his band. 

Two Bands will comprise a section. Sections will be numbered from 1 
to 4. A Sergeant will be attached to each section and numbered like it. 

Two sections will comprise a Platoon. Platoons will be numbered 1 
and 2, and each commanded by a Lieutenant designated by like number. 

2. Battalion. 

The Battalion will consist of 4 companies complete. 

The Commissioned officers of the Battalion will be a chief of Bat- 
talion and a 1st and 2nd Major, one of whom shall be attached to each 

3. The Regiment. 

The Regiment will consist of 4 Battalions complete. 
The commissioned officers of the Regiment will be a Colonel and 2 
Lieutenant-Colonels attached to the wings. 

If. The Brigade. 

The Brigade will consist of 4 Regiments complete. 

The Commissioned officers of the Brigade will be a General of Brigade. 

5. Each Gen. Staff. 

Each of the" above Divisions will be entitled to a General Staff, con- 
sisting of an adjutant, a Commissary, a musician, and surgeon. 

6. Appointment. 

Non-commissioned officers will be chosen by those whom they are to 


Commissioned officers will be appointed and commissioned by this 1859. 

The Staff officers of eacb Division will be appointed by the respective 
commanders of the same. 

(The above document, numbered " — ," is in the handwriting of J. H. 
Kagi. The erasures and cross-marks (omitted in this copy) are copied 
from the original. — Note by Transcriber.] 


* , bt)i, 1859. 

A Declaration of Liberty. 

By the Representatives of the Slave Population of the United Stales of 


"When in the course of human events it becomes necessary " for an 
oppressed People to Rise and assert their Natural Rights as Human 
Beings, as native and mutual citizens of a free Republic, and that odious 
yoke of oppression which is so unjustly laid upon them by their fellow 
Countrymen, "and to assume among the powers of Earth the same 
equal privileges to which the Laws of nature and nature's God entitle 
them, a moderate respect for the opinions of Man kind requires that 
they should declare the causes which incite them to this just and worthy 

"We hold these truths to be Self Evident: That all men are created 
Equal "; that they are endowed by their creator with certain unalianable 
rights ; that among these are Life, Liberty, and pursuit of happiness; 
that Nature hath freely % given to all Men a full supply of Air, Water, and 
Land for their sustenance and mutual happiness ; that no man has any 
right to deprive his fellow-man of these Inherent rights except in pun- 
ishment of crime : " that to secure these rights governments are insti- 
tuted among men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the 
governed ; Xhat when any form of Government becomes destructive to 
these ends, It is the right of the People to alter, amend, or remoddel it, 
Laying its foundation on such Principles and organizing its powers in 
such form as to them shall seem most likely to effect the safety and hap- 
piness" of the Human Race. To secure equal rights, privileges, and 
Justice to all, Irrespective of Sex or Nation ; to xecare Fraternal Kindness 
to all friends of Equal Moral privileges — to all who honestly abandon their 
Despotic, oppressive rule. We hold this truth to be self-evident : That it 
is the highest Privilege and Plain Duty of Man to strive in every rea- 

* The cypher used cannot be produced here. 


1859. sonable way to promote the Happiness, Mental, Moral, and Physical 
elevation of his fellow-man, and that People or Clanish oppressors, who 
wickedly violate this sacred principle, oppressing their fellow Men, will 
bring upon themselves that certain and fearful retribution which is the 
Natural and Necessary penalty of evil Doing. " Prudence indeed will 
dictate that Governments long established should not be changed for 
light and transient causes, but when a long train of abuses and userpa- 
tions, pursuing invariably the same object, evince* a design to perj>etuate 
an absolute Despotism and most cruel bondage, it is their Right, it it their 
Duty, to resist and change such Government and provide safe-guards tor 
their future Liberty. Such has been the patient sufferance of the Slaves 
of the United States, and such is now the necessity which constrain? 
them to Crush this foul system of oppression. 

The history of Slavery in the United States is a history of injustice 
and cruelties inflicted upon the slave in every conceivable way, and in 
barbarity not surpassed by the. most savage Tribes. It is the embodi- 
ment of all that is evil and ruinous to a nation ; and subversive of all 
Good. " In proof of which, facts innumerable have been submitted 
to the People, and have received the verdict of condemnation of a can- 
did and impartial World." 

Oar meant* ; Members of Congress ; and other servants of the People 
who receive exorbitant wages from the People, in return for their unjust 
Rule, " have refused to pass laws for the accommodation of large dis- 
tricts of People, unless that People would relinquish the right of repre- 
sentation in the Legislature, a Right inestimable to them, and formida- 
ble to tyrants only. Our President and other Leeches have called to- 
gether legislative, or treasonable Bodies, at places unusual, uncomfort- 
able, and distant from the depository of our public records, for the sole 
purpose of fatiguing us into compliance with their measures. They 
have dissolved Representative houses for opposing with manly firmness 
their invasions of the rights of the people. 

They have refused to grant Petitions presented by numerous and re- 
spectable Citizens, asking redress of grievances imposed upon us, de- 
manding our Liberty and natural rights. With contempt they spurn 
our humble petitions, and have failed to pass laws for our relief. They 
have prevented, in all possible ways, the administration of Justice totli* 
State. They have made Judges Taney — dependent on their will alone f of 
the tenure of their office, and the amount of payment of their salaried- 
They have erected a multitude of new offices, and sent on swarms of 
Blood Suckers and Moths to harrass the People and eat out their su^* 
stance. They have effected to render the Military independent of a** c 
superior to the power and wishes of the People, (the civil powe*0 
Claiming that knowledge is power, they have (for their own safety) k^ 1 
U£ in total darkness and ignorance, inflicting base cruelties for a* 3 


attempt on our part to obtain knowledge. They have protected base 1859. 
men, Pirates, (engaged in a most inhuman traffic, The Foreign and 
Domestic slave Trade) by mock trials, from punishment, for unprovoked 
murders which they have committed upon us and free citizens of the 
States. They have prevented by law our having any Traffick or deal 
with our fellow men. Regardless of our wishes, they declare themselves 
invested with power to legislate for us in all cases whatsoever. They 
have abdicated government among us by declaring us out of their pro- 
tection, and waging a worse than cruel war upon us continually. 

The facts and a full description of the enormous sin of slavery may 
be found in the General History of American Slavery, which is a his- 
tory of repeated injuries, of base hypocracy ; A cussed treasonable usurpa- 
tion; The most abominable provoking atrocities, which are but a mock- 
ing of all that is Just, or worthy of any people. *' Such cruelty, 
tyrany, and perfidy, has hardly a paralell in the history of the most 
barbarous ages. 

Our servants or Law makers are totally unworthy the name of Half civilized 
men. All their National acts (which apply to Slavery) are false, to the 
words, spirit, and intention of the Constitution of the United States, and 
the Declaration of Independence. They say by word and act, Tluit tlieir 
own children or any faithful citizen may be legally robbed of every National 
and Sacred Right, and that we have no rights whatever. They are a Blot 
upon the character, the honor of any nation which claims to have the 
least shadow or spark of Civilization above the lowest most inferior Cani- 
bal races. This is a slight though brief recital of some of the enormous 
atrocities of that Idle, haughty, tyranical, Arrogant Land Monopolist*, 
slaveholders, our lords and masters. From which Good Lord deliver us. 
These are some of the facts, which we now, (after the lapse of 83 years 
since the writing and signing of that sacred Instrument, Honored and 
Adored by our Fathers, which declares that it is *elf evident that all men 
are created Etjual. Endowed by their Creator with certain inherent 
rights, d'c.,-') submit to the decision of all Candid, true Republican, 
Friends of Universal Freedom and Natural Equality of Rights. All we 
demand is our Liberty, and the natural rights anil immunities of faith- 
ful Citizens of the United States. We will obtain these rights or Die in 
the struggle to obtain them. We make war upon oppression, we have no 
controversy with any Religious sect. Our intention is not to molest any 
Good Man whatever may be his religious belief. "The welfare of the 
People is the first Great Law." We hold these to he self evident truths. 
That any Tribe, Rulers or People, who rob and cruelly oppress their 
faithful Laboring citizens have within themselves the Germ of their own 
certain and fearful overthrow. It is one of Nature's Immutable Laws, 
that "according to the measures ye meet, so shall it be measured to you 
again." Herein is the secret of security and true happiness for Individ- 


1859. uals. And the only firm basis upon which Government may he permaiwntly 
Established, where the Citizen* are Devoted to the greatest good of their fettw 
wen. The more humble benighted and oppressed they are, m much wjh 
sympathy and earnest effort for their relief is demanded. Striving earnestly 
to promote the safety and prosperity of their Nation, and the Human 

It is a fixed Law of Nature, That any People or Nation whose steady 
purpose and constant Practice is in accordance with these principles, .VH 
yo forward Progressing, so long as Man continues to exist. For in Nature 
the Principle of Reciprocity is Great. ''The Legitimate object of all pun- 
ishment is to prevent Crime." When any Punishment is inflicted most 
than is necessary to prevent crime, it then ceases to be a Punishment. It 
has then become a barbarous crime. A Sore Evil. "The Natural otyVd 
of all Government is to protect the right, defend the Innocent. When any 
set of Usurpers, Tribe or community, fail to protect the right, but furnish 
protection and encouragement to the Villain by bestowing a bounty or 
Premium upon the vile Thief, Robber, Libertine, Pirate, and woman 
killing Slave Holder, as a reward for their deeds of rascality and Barbar- 
ism ; And indict grievous cruelties upon the innocent, shooting an«l 
Butchering those most faithful Citizens who have striven manfully f«» r 
the relief of the down trodden and oppressed of their country. Who 
fought bravely in defence of the (treat Principle set forth in our Decla- 
ration of Independence, from oppressive Hole of England, Encouraging 
in various ways by bribery and fraud, the most fiendish nets of Barbarism 
(like those perpetrated within the limits of the United States at Blunt V 
Fort in Florida and in other Territories, under the Jurisdiction and guid- 
ance of Slave holding Authority, and in strict accordance with slave 
holding Rules.) They have transcended their own limits; They have 
fairlv outwitted themselves. Their Slave Code is a shame to anv Nation- 
Their laws are no laws; thev themselves are no more than a Band «>f 
Base Pi ra tide Rulers. Thev are a curse to themselves, a most lament- 
able Blot upon Society. 

%i In every stage of these oppressions we have petitioned for redress i n 
the most humble terms. Our repeated Petitions have been answered 
only by repeated Injury. A Class of oppressors, whose character i* 
thus marked by every act which may define a Ty ran leal Despotism, i* 
unfit to rule any People, nor have we been wanting in attention to our 
oppressors. We have warned them from time to time of attempts (maite 
by their headlong Blindness) to perpetuate, extend, strengthen, and 
revive the dicing elements of this cursed Institution. We have reminded 
them of our unhappy condition and of their cruelties. We have ap- 
pealed to their native Justice and magnanimity. We have conjured 
them bv the tics of our common Nature, our Brotherhood, and common 
Parcntuge to disavow these usurpations which have destroyed our kindnd 


friendship and endangered their safety. " They have heen Deaf to the 1859. 
voice of Justice and Consanguinity. We must therefore acquiesce in 
the necessity which denounces their Tyranny and unjust rule over us. 
Declaring that we will serve them no longer as slaves, knowing that the 
"Laborer is worthy of his hire." We therefore, the Representatives of 
the circumscribed citizens of the United States of America, in General 
Congress assembled, appealing to the Supreme Judge of the World for 
the rectitude of " our intentions, Do and in the name and by the au- 
thority of the oppressed citizens of the Slave States, solemnly publish 
and Declare that the Slaves are, and of right ought to be, as free and 
independent as the unchangable Law of God requires that all men shall 
be. That they are absolved from all allegience to those Tyrants who 
still persist in forcibly subjecting them to perpetual Bondage, and that 
all friendly connection between them and such Tyrants is and ought to 
be totally dissolved, And that as free and independent citizens of these 
States they have a perfect right, a sufficient and just cause, to defend 
themselves against the Tyrany of their oppressors." To solicit aid from 
and ask the protection of all true friends of humanity and reform of 
whatever nation and wherever found : A right to contract Alliances, and 
to do all other acts and things which free, independent Citizens may of 
right do. And for the support of Declaration, with a firm reliance on 
the protection of Divine Providence, we mutually Pledge to each other 
our Lives and our sacred honor. Indeed, I tremble for my country 
when I reflect that God is Just, And that his Justice will not sleep for- 
ever." * . Nature is mourning for its murdered and Afflicted 

children. Hung be the Heavens in scarlet. 

[The above copy has the spelling, punctuation, and use of capitals 
just as they are found in the original. The word " Taney " over a 
carrot is transcribed as in the original. This document bears no signa- 
ture, unless the cypher on the line next to the last be so intended. 
Handwriting large, probably done by Owen Brown, sometimes copyist 
for his father. The paper (foolscap) upon which it is written is pasted 
under sheet on white cloth attached to and rolled up on a round stick 
and tied with a string attached to one end. — TransV] 

Printed Pamphlet. 

Provisional Constilviwn and Ordinances for the People, of the United States. 


Whereas slavery throughout its entire existence in the United States 
is none other than a most barbarous unprovoked and unjustifiable War 

* Cypher cannot be reproduced. 


1850. of one portion of its citizens upon another portion, the only conditions of 
which are perpetual imprisonment and hopeless servitude or absolute 
extermination in utter disregard and violation of those eternal and self- 
evident truths set forth in our Declaration of Independence. Therefore, 
We, Citizens of the United States and the oppressed people who by a 
recent decision of the Supreme Court are declared to have no rights 
which the White Man is bound to respect, together with all other people 
degraded by the laws thereof, Do for the time being Ordain and establish 
for ourselves the following Provisional Constitution and Ordinances the 
better to protect our Persons, Property, Lives, and Liberties, and to 
govern our actions : 

Article I. Qualification for meml>er8hip. 

All persons of mature age, whether Proscribed, oppressed, and en- 
slaved Citizens, or of the Proscribed and oppressed races of the United 
States, who shall agree to sustain and enforce the Provisional Constitu- 
tion and Ordinances of this Organization, together with all minor chil- 
dren of such persons, shall be held to be fully entitled to protection 
under the same. 

Article II. Branches of Government. 

The provisional government of this organization shall consist of three 
branches, viz. : Legislative, Executive, and Judicial. 

Article III. Legislative. 

The legislative branch shall be a Congress, or House of Representatives, 
composed of not less than five or more than ten members, who shall be 
elected by all citizens of mature age and of sound mind, connected with 
this organization, and who shall remain in office for three years, unless 
sooner removed for misconduct, inability, or by death. A majority of 
such members shall constitute a quorum. 

Article IV. Executive. 

The Executive branch of this organization shall consist of a Presi- 
dent and Vice-President, who shall be chosen by the citizens or mem- 
bers of this organization, and each of whom shall hold his office for 
three years unless sooner removed by death or for inability or miscon- 

Article V. Judicial. 

The judicial branch of this organization shall consist of one Chief 
Justice of the Supreme Court and of four Associate Judges of said 
court ; each constituting a circuit court. They shall each be chosen in 
the same manner as the President, and shall continue in office until 
their places have been filled in the same manner by election of the 
citizens. Said Court shall have jurisdiction in all civil and criminal 
causes arising under this constitution except breaches of the rules of 



. * 

Article VI. Validity of enactments. 1850. 

All enactments of the legislative branch shall, to become valid during 
the first three years, have the approbation of the President and Com- 
mander-in-chief of the Army. 

Article VII. Commander-in-Chief. 

A commander-in-Chief of the Army shall be chosen by the President, 
Vice-President, a majority of the provisional congress and of the Supreme 
Court ; and he shall receive his commission from the President, signed 
by the Vice-President, the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court and the 
Secretary of War; and he shall hold his office for three years unless 
removed by death, or on proof of incapacity or misbehavior. He shall 
unless under arrest (and until his place is actually filled as provided for 
by this constitution) direct all movements of the army, and advise with 
any allies. He shall however be tried, removed or punished on com- 
plaint to the President by at least the general officers or a majority of 
theHouseof Representatives of the Supreme Court; which House of 
Representatives (the President presiding) the Vice-President and the 
members of the Supreme Court shall constitute a court-martial for his 
trial, with power to remove or punish as the case may require, and to 
fill his place as above provided. 

Article VIII. Officers. 

A Treasurer, Secretary of State, Secretary of War and Secretary of the 
Treasury shall each be chosen for the first three years in the same way 
and manner as the Commander-in-chief, subject to trial or removal on 
complaint of the President, Vice-President or Commander-in-chief to 
the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, or on complaint of the ma- 
jority of the members of said court, or the provisional congress. The 
Supreme Court shall have power to try or punish either of those officers, 
and their places shall be filled as before. 

Article IX. Secretary of War. 

TheSecretarv of War shall be under the immediate direction of the 
Commander-in-chief, who may temporarily fill his place in case of arrest 
or of any inability to serve. 

Article X. Congress or House of Representatives. 

The House of Representatives shall make ordinances providing for the 
appointment (by the President or otherwise) of all civil officers except- 
ing those already named, and shall have power to make all laws and 
ordinances for the general good not inconsistent with this constitution 
and these ordinances. 

Article XI. Appropriation of money, &c. 

The provisional Congress shall have power to appropriate money or 
other property actually in the hands of the Treasurer to any object cal- 
culated to promote the general good so far as may be consistent with the 



1859. provisions of this Constitution, and may in certain cases appropriate for 
a moderate compensation of agents or persons not members of this 
organization for important service they are known to have rendered. 

Article XII. Special Duties. 

It shall be the duty of Congress to provide for the instant removal of 
any civil officer or policeman who becomes habitually intoxicated, or 
who is addicted to other immoral conduct, or any neglect or unfaithful- 
ness in the discharge of his official duties. Congress shall also be a 
standing commanding committee of safety for the purpose of obtaining 
important information, and shall be in constant communication with the 
commander-in-cnief, the members of which shall each, as also the Presi- 
dent, Vice-President, members of the Supreme Court and Secretary of 
State have full power to issue warrants returnable as Congress shall 
ordain (naming witnesses, &c.,) upon their own information without the 
formality of a complaint. Complaint shall be immediately made after 
arrest and before trial, the party arrested to be served with a copy at 

Article XIII. Trial of President and other Officers. 

The President and Vice-President may either of them be tried removed 
or punished on complaint made by the Chief Justice of the Supreme 
Court by a majority of the House of Representatives, which House, to- 
gether with the Associate Judges of the Supreme Court, the whole to be 
presided over by the Chief Justice in cases of the trial of the Vice-Presi- 
dent, shall have full power to try such officers, to remove or punish as 
the case may require, and to fill any vacancy so occurring, the same as 
in the case of the Commander-in-chief. 

Article XIV. Trial of Members of Congress. 

The members of the House of Representatives may, any or all of them 
be tried, and on conviction removed or punished on complaint before the 
Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, made by any number of the mem- 
bers of said House exceeding one-third, which house with the Vice-Presi- 
dent and Associate Judges of the Supreme Court shall constitute the 
proper tribunal with power to fill such vacancies. 

Article XV. Impeachment of Judges. 

Any member of the Supreme Court may also be impeached, tried, 
convicted or punished by removal or otherwise on complaint to the 
President who shall in such case preside. The Vice-President, House of 
Representatives and other members of the supreme court constituting 
the proper tribunal (with power to fill vacancies) on complaint of a 
majority of said house of representatives or of the supreme court, a 
majority of the whole having power to decide. 

Article XVI. Duties of the President and Secretary of State. 

The President with the Secretary of State shall immediately on enter- 


ing on the duties of their office give special attention to secure from 1859. 
amongst their own people, men of integrity, intelligence and good busi- 
ness habits and capacity; and above all of first rate moral and religious 
character, and influence to act as civil officers of every description and 
grade as well as teachers, chaplains, physicians, surgeons, mechanics, 
agents of every description, clerks, and messengers. They shall make 
special efforts to induce at the earliest possible period, persons and fami- 
lies of that description to locate themselves within the limits secured by 
this organization, and shall moreover from time to time supply the names 
and residences of such persons to the Congress for their special notice 
and information as among the most important of their duties, and the 
President is hereby authorized and empowered to afford special aid to 
such individuals, from such moderate appropriations as the Congress 
shall be able and may deem it advisable to make for that object. 

The President and Secretary of State, and in cases of disagreement 
the Vice-President shall appoint all civil officers, but shall not have 
power to remove any officer. All removals shall be the result of a fair 
trial, whether civil or military. 

Article XVII. Further Duties. 

It shall be the duty of the President and Secretary of State to find 
out (as soon as possible) the real friends as well as enemies of this 
organization in every part of the country, to secure among them inn- 
keepers, private postmasters, private mail contractors, messengers and 
agents, through whom may be obtained correct and regular information 
constantly, recruits for the service, places of deposit and sale, together 
with all needed supplies, and it shall be matter of special regard to 
secure such facilities through the Northern States. 

Article XVIII. Duty of the President. 

It shall be the duty of the President as well as the House of Repre- 
sentatives at all times to inform the Commander-in-Chief of any matter 
that may require his attention or that may effect the public safety. 

Article XIX. Duty of President continued. 

It shall be the duty of the President to see that the provisional ordi- 
nances of this organization and those made by the Congress are promptly 
and faithfully executed, and he may in cases of great urgency call on 
the Commander-in-chief of the army, or other officers for aid, it being 
however intended that a sufficient civil police shall always be in readi- 
ness to secure implicit obedience to law. 

Article XX. The Vice-President. 

The Vice-President shall be the presiding officer of the provisional 
congress, and in cases of tie shall give the casting vote. 

Article XXI Vacancies. 

In case of the death, removal or inability of the President, the Vice- 


1859. President and next to him the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court shall 
be the President during the remainder of the term, and the place of the 
Chief Justice thus made vacant shall he filled by Congress from some of 
the members of said Court, and the places of the Vice-President and 
associate Justice thus made vacant filled by an election by the united 
action of the Provisional Congress and members of the Supreme Court. 
All other vacancies not heretofore specially provided for shall during the 
first three years be filled by the united action of the President, Vice- 
President, Supreme Court and Commander-in-Chief of the Army. 

Article XXII. Punishment of crimes. 

The punishment of crimes not capital, except in case of insubordinate 
convicts or other prisoners shall be (so far as may be) by hard labor on 
public works, roads, <fec. 

Article XXIII. Army Appointments. 

It shall be the duty of all commissioned officers of the array to name 
candidates of merit for office or elevation to the commander-in-chi<A 
who with the Secretary of War, and in cases of disagreement, the Pre?* 1 ' 
dent shall be the appointing power of the army, and all commissions °* 
military officers shall bear the signatures of the Commander-in-Ch** 
and the Secretary of War. And it shall be the special duty of tl lC 
Secretary of War to keep for constant reference of the Commander-i m * 
chief a full list of names of persons nominated for office or elevation t * 
the officers of the army, with the name and rank of the officer noir* 
nating, stating distinctly but briefly the grounds for such notice or non* : 
nation. The commander-in-chief shall not have power to remove C? 
punish any officer of soldier; but he may order their arrest and trial i* 
any time by Court-martial. 

Article XXIV. Courts- Martial. 

Courts-martial for Companies, Regiments, Brigades, tfcc, shall be called 
by the Chief Officer of each command on complaint to him by any 
officer, or any five privates in such command, and shall consist of not 
less than five nor more than nine officers — non-commissioned officers and 
privates, one-half of whom shall not be lower in rank than the person 
on trial, to be chosen by the three highest officers in the command, which 
officers shall not be a part of such court. The thief officer of any com- 
mand shall, of course, be tried by a court-martial of the command above 
his own. All decisions affecting the lives of persons, or office of persons 
holding commission, must, before taking full effect, have the signature 
of the Commander-in-Chief, who may also on the recommendation of at 
least one-third of the members of the court-martial finding any sentence, 
grant a reprieve or commutation of the same. 

Article XXV. Salaries. 

No person connected with this organization shall be entitled to any 


salary, pay or emolument, other than a competent support of himself 1859. 
and family, unless it be from an equal dividend made of public property 
on the establishment of peace or of .special provision by treaty, which 
provision shall be made for all persons who may have been in any 
active civil or military service at any time previous to any hostile action 
for liberty and Equality. 

Article XXVI. Treaties of Peace. 

Before any treaty of peace shall take full effect it shall be signed by 
the President and Vice-President, the Commander-in-chief, a majority of 
the House of Representatives, a majority of the Supreme Court, and a 
majority of all the general officers of the Army. 

Article XXVII. Duty of the military. 

It shall be the duty of the Commander-in-chief, and of all officers 
and soldiers of the army, to afford special protection when needed to 
Congress or any member thereof, to the supreme court or any member 
thereof, to the President, Vice-President, Treasurer, Secretary of State, 
Secretary of the Treasury and Secretary of War, and to afford general 
| protection to all civil officers or other persons having a right to the same. 

Article XXVIII. Property. 

All captured or confiscated property, and all property the product of 
the labor of those belonging to this organization and of their families 
shall be held as the property of the whole equally without distinction, 
a nd may be used for the common benefit or disposed of lor the same, 
object, any person, officer or otherwise who shall improperly retain, 
secrete, use or needlessly destroy such property or property found cap- 
tured or confiscated belonging to the enemj ? , or shall wilfully neglect to 
fender a full and fair statement of such property by him so taken or 
held shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and on conviction shall 
be punished accordingly. 

Article XXIX. Safety or intelligence fund. 

All money plate, watches or jewelry captured by honorable warfare, 
found, taken, or confiscated belonging to the enemy shall he held sacred 
to constitute a liberal safety or intelligence fund, and aDy person who 
shall improperly retain, dispose of, hide, use, or destroy such money or 
other article above named, contrary to the provisions and spirit of this 
article shall be deemed guilty of theft, and on conviction thereof shall 
be punished accordingly. The Treasurer shall furnish the Commander- 
in-chief at all times with a full statement of the condition of such fund 
and its nature. 

Article XXX. The Commander-in-chief and the Treasury. 

The Commander-in-chief shall have power to draw from the treasury 
the money and other property of the fund provided for in Article twen- 
ty-ninth, but his orders shall be signed also by the Secretary of War, 


1850. who shall keep strict account of the same, subject to examination 
any member of Congress, or general officer. 

Article XXXI. Surplus of the safety or intelligence fund. 

It shall he the dutv of the Commander-in-chief to advise the Pre 
dent of any surplus of the Safety in intelligence fund, who shall hi 
power to draw such surplus (his order being also signed b}' the Sec 
tary of State) to enable him to carry out the provisions of Arti 

Article XXXII. Prisoners. 

No person after having surrendered himself or herself a prisoi 
and who shall properly demean himself or herself as such to any off 
or private connected with this organization, shall afterward he put 
death, or be subjected to any corporal punishment without first ha\ 
had the benefit of a fair and impartial trial. Nor shall any prisonei 
treated with any kind of cruelty, disrespect, insult, or needless sevei 
but it shall be the duty of all persons, male and female, connected h 
with at all times and under all circumstances, to treat all such prisoi 
with every degree of respect and kindness the nature of the eire 
stances will admit of, and to insist on a like course of conduct froir 
others, as in the fear of Almighty God to whose care and keeping 
commit our cause. 

Article XXXIII. Voluntaries. 

All persons who may come forward and shall voluntarily delivei 
their slaves, and have their names registered on the Hooks of the orj 
ization, shall so long as they continue at peace be entitled to the fu 
protection of person and property, though not connected with 
organization, and shall be treated as friends, and not merely as pen 

Article XXXIV. Neutrals. 

The persons and property of all non-slaveholders who shall ren 
absolutely neutral, shall be respected so far as the circumstances 
allow of it, but they shall not be entitled to any active protection. 

Article XXXV. No needless waste. 

The needless waste or destruction of any useful property or articL 
fire, throwing open fences, fields, buildings, or needless killing of 
mals, or injury of either, shall not be tolerated at any time or pi 
but shall be promptly and properly punished. 

Article XXXVI. Property confiscated. 

The entire personal and real property of all persons known to be 
ing either directly or indirectly with or for the enemy, or found in a 
with them, or found wilfully holding slaves, shall be confiscated 
taken whenever and wherever it may be found in either Free or S 




Article XXXVII. Desertion. 185ft. 

,,:u -t.f Persons convicted on impartial trial of desertion to the enemy after 
becoming members, acting as spies, or of treacherous surrender of 
property, arms or ammunition, provisions or supplies of any kind, 
roads, bridges, persons, or fortifications, shall be put to death and their 
entire property confiscated. 

Article XXXVIII. Violation of Parole of honor. 

Persons proven to be guilty of taking up arms after having been set 
at liberty on parole of honor or after the same to have any active part 
with or for the enemy, direct or indirect, shall be put to death and their 
entire property confiscated. 

Article XXXTX. All must labor. 

All persons conuected in any way with this organization, and who may 
be entitled to full protection under it, shall be held as under obligation 
to labor in some way for the general good ; and persons refusing or neg- 
lecting so to do, shall, on conviction, receive a suitable and appropriate 

Article XL. Irregularities. 

Profane swearing, filthy conversation, indecent behaviour, or indecent 
exposure of the person, or intoxication, or quarreling, shall not be al- 
lowed or tolerated ; neither unlawful intercourse of the sexes. 

Article XLI. Crimes. 

Persons convicted of the forcible violation of any female prisoner shall 
be put to death. 

Article XLII. The marriage relation — Schools — The Sabbath. 

The marriage relation shall be at all times respected, and families 
kept together as far as possible, and broken families encouraged to re- 
unite, and intelligence ottices established for that purpose; schools and 
churches established as soon as may be for the purpose of religious and 
°ther instruction, and the first day of the week regarded as a day of 
rest, and appropriated to moral and religious instruction and improve- 
ment, relief of the suffering, instruction of the young and ignorant, 
and the encouragement of personal cleanliness, nor shall an} r persons be 
required on that day to perform ordinary manual labor, unless in ex- 
tremely urgent cases. 

Article XLIII. Carry arms openly. 

AH persons known to be of good character and of sound mind and 
suitable age, who are connected with this organization, whether male or 
female, shall be encouraged to carry arms openly. 

Article XLIV. No persons to carry concealed weapons. 

No person within the limits of the conquered territory except regu- 
larly api>ointed policemen, express officers of the army, mail-carriers or 
other fully accredited messengers of the Congress, President, Vice-Presj- 


1859. dent, members of the Supreme Court or commissioned officers of the 
army, and those only under peculiar circumstances, shall be allowed at 
any time to carry concealed weapons; and any person not specially 
authorized so to do who shall be found so doing, shall be deemed a sus- 
picious person, and may at once be arrested by any officer, soldier, or 
citizen without the formality of a complaint or warrant, and may at 
once be subjected to thorough search, and shall have his or her case 
thoroughly investigated and be dealt with as circumstances on proof 
shall require. 

Article XLV. Persons to be seized. 

Persons within the limits of the territory holden by this organization 
having arms at all, concealed or otherwise, shall be seized at once, or be 
taken in charge of some vigilant officer, their case thoroughly investi- 
gated ; and it shall be the duty of all citizens and soldiers, as well a* 
officers, to arrest such parties as are named in this and the preceding 
section or Article without the formality of com plant or warrant, and the; 
shall he placed in charge of some proper officer for examination or fc 
safe keeping. 

Article XL VI. These articles not for the overthrow of Governmen 
The foregoing articles shall not be construed so as in any way to ei 
courage the overthrow of any State Government or of the General Goi 
ernment of the United States, and look to no dissolution of the Unioi 
but simply to amend and repeal. And our Flag shall be the same thi 
our Fathers fought under in the Revolution. 

Article XLV 1 1. No plurality of offices. 

No two of the offices specially provided for by this Instrument sha 
be filled by .the same person at the same time. 

ArticleXLVIII. Oath. 

Every officer, civil or military, connected with this organization shal 
before entering upon the duties of his office, make solemn oath or affi 
mation to abide by and support these ordnances. Also every citizen an 
Soldier before being fully recognized as such shall do the same. 


The President of this convention shall convene immediately on th 
adoption of this instrument, a convention of all such persons as sha 
have given their adherence by signature to the constitution, who sha 
proceed to fill by election all offices specially named in said Constitutioi 
the President of this convention presiding and issuing commissions t 
such officers elect, all such officers being thereafter elected in the mannc 
provided in the body of this instrument. 



Spring, (late 5th mo. 10th, 1858. 4g5g. 

My Dear Friends Whipple & Tidd: 

We received your letters of the 3rd inst (Dated at Chatham) this 
morning, and they have caused much pain on your behalf, for I can not 
consent to believe that there should be so much treachery and hypocracy 
harbored in two such noble hearts as yours, as to premeditate any evil 
action towards those who you new were your true friends. I have 
addressed you both in one letter, for you are both interested, and I have 
not time to write two letters now. I shall probably speak very plain to 
you, but I do not do it with any feelings of revenge or hatred, but in 
that love which I feel for the welfare of my fellow beings that I may 
convict your hearts of sjn and cause them to be melted in the furnace of 
regeneration and love to God, which produces good will in our hearts to 
all the world. It is exceedingly to be regretted that any thing should 
have happened just on the eve of your departure that should cause such 
an excitement, and unless more satisfactorily explained must produce n 
reparation of that true friendship which has ever existed between us, 
and which I would wish to continue through life. You very well know 
that when you first came here the subject of morality among the young 
folks was frequently discussed in the family, and by your advocating 
pertain rules by which young people should be governed, and seeing 
nothing in your conduct to make us think you were not sincere, we 
placed full confidence in you that you would%be willing to walk by the 
same rule you marked out for others. In the first place I wish to say to 
Tidd if he has in his young days led a profligate life, and wishes to 
reform as he says he does, and I have no reason to doubt his intentions, 
that he must never place himself in a situation to tempt others and then 
he will not tempt himself, if we are satisfied that we have any weakness 
it is our duty to strengthen them by firmness and perseverence in well 

I would say to Whipple, that if he knew Tedd's character before and 
held him as an associate, I must consider him equally responsible, for 
your intimacy led us to believe you were firm friends, and we placed 
that confidence in you that we did not believe either of you would be 
guilty knowingly of doing a mean act. I cannot understand how such 
fervent love as you have professed here can be pure, and yet feel such 
distrust and jealousy as thou hast manifested by thy writing, and also 
hy the conversation you had here the morning thee left here the last 
time. True love casteth out all fear, and is apilcable in that case as well 
as the love of God. Surely there can be no true love where there is 
distrust and Jealously, and certainly I can never consent for my daugh- 
ter to marry a man who does not believe she is virtuous. She asserts 



1859. her innocence before the God that created her, and I have got to have 
more evidence than I have seen yet to dispute her word. I can forgive 
you all the past and pray for you in future, but you must allow me to 
look upon you with distrust until I can see by your perseverance in 
well doing that you are really sincere. We are all fallible beings, and 
liable to get out of the way any minute we leave the watch tower; 
therefore, the necessity for the injunction watch and pray continually 
lest ye enter into temptation; it is also necessary for us to have charity 
one for another for we know not how soon we may be overtaken in a 
fault ourselves. 

If you were to come back to-morrow we should greet you with friend- 
ship, and do by you just as we have done, but we should have to get 
acquainted with you again in order to restore that confidence we once 
placed in you. I have not much more to write myself. I will close 
and write some for mother. 

From your w r ell wishing friend, 

Moses Varney. 

You may be assured that we shall not say anything outside of the 
family that will injure your character here, so that you need not fear to 
come back if you are spared with life and health to do so. 

Mother says to Tedd she can forgive him all if he can say in troth 
that Elizabeth is none the worse for their intimacy. She says she 
feared there was something wrong b} T his actions before he left, but 
could not believe that he would even make such an attempt. We may 
make all the resolves that can pass through our heads to try to reform, 
but unless we give our whole hearts to God, and rely upon his mercy 
and grace, we are not safe. 

O, Tedd, if thee could only know my feelings and the bitter tears I 
have shed since, thee would never suffer the temptation to have a place 
in thy heart, but none but a mother can ever realize such feelings. 
Many days and hours have passed since we met together last, yet our 
lives do still remain here on earth. 

Children, tell me how you do, does your love continue true? if y<> u 
want to hear from me, how I am, or what I be here? I am, behold, 
who will sure I am a sinner still worse and worse myself; I see yet the 
Lord remembers me ; 'tis religion that can give sweetest pleasures while 
we live ; 'tis religion must supply solid comfort when we die ; after death 
its joys will be lasting as eternity ; by the living God, my friend, then 
thy bliss shall never end ; the Spirit calls, 0, Tedd, yield to his power; 
O Grieve him not away, seek him every hour, let not a moment |*bb 
without a fervent prayer that God would keep thee from every foul 
snare. Remember, Tedd, remember, my prayers shall ever be up to the 
God of heaven for thy prosperity. 


We wrote two letters and pat them in one wrapper, and mailed them 1859. 
to Chatham, Canada West. They were mailed; the fifth directed to 
Charles Plummer. 

Tidcl, when thee gets this write and tell me the truth, and the whole 
truth, and keep nothing back. I feel that that would relieve me. We 
do not wish to create any hard feelings between you, but we must tell 
the truth if it does hurt you. Now, Tidd, thee claims there was no pre- 
meditated action ; did thee not tell Whipple thee knew thee could do it, 
and meant to before thee left? Now, Whipple says thee told him so. 
If that be the case thee must be trying to deceive us, and if it is not the 
case Whipple has been to blame in telling it; but our impressions are 
you are both to blame. We want you to think seriously what you have 
done, and plead with your God for his forgiveness. We can and will 
forgive you if you will so live as to be reconciled to God. We blame 
Whipple for not telling what he knew while you were both here, and 
then we could have talked face to face. Now, with our sincere desires 
for you and prayers for your everlasting happiness, I remain your friend, 

so farewell, 

Charlotte Varney. 

We want you both to write us as soon as you get this. Remember us 
to Realf, Cook, Owen, Steward, and the old Captain in particular. 

[In this as in all the letters and other documents copied, the spelling 
*nd punctuation of the originals have been carefully followed. — Trans.] 


Chatham, Aug. 16th (Sabbath). 1858. 
J. H. Kaji, Esq'r : 

Dear Sir: 

I this moment received your kind favor, and am pleased 
to hear from you, " Uncle," and Mr. Tidd. Hope ere this reaches you 
that "Uncle" will have recovered from his febrile attack. Sav to Mr. 
Tidd that I have sent the letter on to Mr. Realf, New York city, which 
he8entin my care for him. I also enclose one that I have for some 
time had from Mr. Mofiit for you, but did not know where to send it 
till now. Richardson and Thomas are still here ; both of them quite 
industrious and doing well. I have not seen Richardson since I re- 
ceived your letter to-day, but have seen Bell Shadd, Jackson, and 
Thomas. W. H. Day is now here, and will be for some days. Tell 
Uncle I received his letter dated at Syracuse, X. Y., and Post-marked 
"Rochester," where I suppose it was dropped in the office. I am not 
at present advised as to where Col. C. Lehman, Smith, and the rest of 
them are, but think they are in " Reserve " District, Ohio. 


1859. There is nothing new here nor worthy of note. I have been anxiously 

looking and expecting to see something of Uncle's movements in the 
papers, but as yet have seen nothing, the letter from you being the inti- 
mation of his whereabouts since he wrote me. Please send roe any 
paper which may mention your doings. All are in good spirits here, 
hoping and waiting the u Good time coming." 

With the kindest remembrance, 

I am, dear sir, sincerely your friend, 

M. R. Pelany. 

J. H. Kaoi, Esq., 

I^awrence K. T., U. S. 

Friend Kagi, seeing a letter for you from Canada, and knowing that a 

letter from there would relate to business, I took the liberty to peruse it. 

I know you will not think hard. 



[6] \ 

Kinsman, 11th mo. 14th, 1858. * 

Dear Wm.: 

You Cuss ! I went to Richmond to see you and those p lC ~ 

tares, was disappointed in not seeing them. I was very much pleas e< 

when you gave me permission to get them. After reading Mattie's lett 6 * 

I was sure that there was a letter at E. A. Fewks for me from Lizz* c * 

So I got a hoarse and rode up there in the mud and rain. I went to tl^ e 

office first, there was nothing for you or me. Then I went up to tf* e 

Olde Mill and asked the women if I could go to your trunk, they ga%' c> 

me permission. When I found the trunk the damned key would not fit- 

You had better think I was mad enough to smash the damned trunk - 

Then I went down to Elex, it was after dark and no one at home. I 

built a fire and looked all over the house for letters, but found none. 

Then I ate almost a whole apple pie and started for home a going by C. 

Moffatt works to see if he had heard from any of the boys. I stoped 

out in the road in front of the house and hollered, he came out and told 

me to go in, I would not, hut he took hnldc of my hoarse and led him in 

the barn. So I went in and found E. A. Foabs and wife, Martha and 

Louisa there a eating Roasted Turkey. I went back to E. A. and staid 

all night, sat up untill after 3 o'clock, and then went to bed and came 

home the next morning. Now I want you to send me the right lee in a 

letter the next mail. Chas. has not hcarde from any of the Hoys or Old 


Yours trulv, 

L. F. Pearsons. 

[This letter is without envelope or direction, but is supposed to have 
been addressed to Wm. Leeman. The Richmond mentioned is probably 
Richmond, Ashtabula 0. — Trans.] 



Lakeland, Mch. 28th, 1858. 1859 - 

Bear Brother Charles: 

Yours of the 11th inst. oome to hand safe, it 
has filled my heart with sorrow. I can not tell you all I think on the 
subject in this letter, for I have prayed over, and thought and dreamed 
and even wept over the course you are pursuing. O, my brother, do 
think of your course, of how wrong you are; like old Job, I will fill my 
mouth with arguments and call loud on thee my brother. You surely 
do not go against State rights, and admitting this, the slave states have 
the same right to hold slaves continually that the north have to prohibit 
it When does slavery commence, not when man subjects his fellow to 
bondage; O, no indeed, this is not the worst form of Slavery, the evil 
commenced when one man by employing a number of his fellows, and 
he himself lived on the profits of their labor; thus toiling year after 
year, the laborer Incomes more ignorant and poor, the employer more 
wise and wealthy, and bye and bye the poor man becomes an easy vic- 
tim to the cupidity of aristocrat. What he at first received pay for he 
At last is obliged to do for nothing. Now let me lay down as a rule that 
Ml do away with slavery. Let each and every man produce with man- 
*d labor what he consumes. Beyound, and far above all this is the 
divine law, Thou shalt not kill, there is no position in which a man can 
be placed that will warrant the use of force. I know the natural man 
rises up and will suppose extreme cases. We have no right to do this 
huttru8t in the Lord, and when the hour of trial comes he will sustain 
you. Seek to know your duty, and he that rules us all will make the 
way plain, but rest assured thy duty is not on the field of blood. 

1 have been sick about a fortnight. I — a plenty to do at 82.50 per 
day. I did not mean to infer that we have suffered, but only a little 
pinched ; it is over now. We have a cow and provisions for the sum- 
mer. Were it not for our parents I should not think of calling on you, 
but my heart yearns for my poor old mother. If you think it best for 
me to have the money, I shall devote it to the good of the old folks. 
Al>out E. W. Clark, I do feel for them. Do not disturb yourself, but 
«nd of the money you call mine. The Lord will help me, as lie has 
lone. Bless his ^reat a"nd holy name. O, my brother, I see in future a 
man with treason stamped on his brow. He ascends the scaffold. My 
K>ul recoils. I can write no more. Do not, my Brother, Bring sorrow 
jo dwell in our midst. 

Thy loving Brother, 

A. L. T. 


1850. Dear Broth kh: 

I do not feel at all in the mood for addressing you to- 
night, but as A. L. is writing to you, and as you remembered me so 
kindly in your letter, I felt it my duty as a sister and one that is deeply 
interested for you to say a few words. Your letter, kind and loving 
though it was, has given us much pain and sorrow of heart. Charley, 
knowing so little as I do of the work you are engaged in, I cannot use 
any kind of argument or lay down any rule for you as A. has tried to 
do, but as I very much fear you are not in the right, I appeal to your 
affection, to the love you have for your near and dear friends, your Poor 
Mother for instance. You say you dearly love your friends. Now, is it 
your duty to sacrifice that life so foolishly, as it soems to me, that might 
be of so much benefit, and certainly would he so much comfort to your 
dear old mother, who loves her youngest son as she does her life, and 
would glory in seeing him engaged in a yood muxc, but to hear of his 
being hanged for treason would bring down her grey hairs with sorrow 
to the grave. 

O, Charley, do think of how much more good you may do the huma n 
family to live an honest, upright Christian life before the world, strivU^ 
by your example to lead your fellow-men in that straight and narro* 
way that our Saviour speaks of and which there is no difficulty in fir***" 
ing if we but seek aright. I know you will think me simple, and I O lX 
willing to be called so if I am only sure I am the follower of Chri^ 

Charley, do you believe in God ? If you do sincerely, go to him, 
him for guidance and direction in this great and momentous affair, ai^ 
if you seek that God aright, desiring to know your duty, as sure as the^* 
is a Ruler of the Universe, He will guide you aright. 

Forgive me if I have offended you by simple advice, but do consider 1 
well the consequences? of so rash a step. Write again soon, for we shal J 
feel anxious to hear from you, and remember me as 

Your Affectionate Sister, 


[The above two letters are in one envelope, directed to " Mr. Charles 
P. Tidd, Springdaie, Cedar Co., Iowa," and post-marked " Hudson, Apr. 
2, Wis." It was probably written in 1858. — Trans.] 


Kinsmox, Jan. 16', 18o0. 
Dear Friexd Wm. : 

1 expected a letter from you last week and did not 

get one. I am afraid that you are sick. I have just written a letter to 


lizzie. I mean that I tried to write to her, but it was the poorest letter 1859. 
that I ever wrote in my life. I have not heardc from home for some 
time, have you ? I am a getting as uneasy as Heir to leave this wooden 
country. I have not hearde a worde from any of the boys in Kansas, 
only what I see in Papers, and I presume that you see the Tribune as 
well as me. Uncle John is a playing Particular Hell again. Kagi was 
wounded in Fort Scott while liberating Rice. Brown has been in Mis- 
souri, and took 12 or 15 slaves, and horses, mules, and oxen, and killed 
one man. The government has offered a reward of $500 for Brown and 
Montgomery. " Let the wolf howl." I expect to hear from there soon, 
and something to in regard to moving our goods (at King's) towards 
Kansas. God epead the time. What say you, my boy ? I am sorry 
that Kagi is wounded, but the paper says not seriously. They took 
everything that there was in one store in Fort Scott. I worked Christ- 
mas and new year's, but I went to one dance between on Thursday 
night. This is darned disagreeable weather for winter, I think. Are 
you still a firing in the mill ? Do you intend to go home ? and when ? 
I think that you ought to go soon, if you can, and if you intend to go 
to Kansas if Uncle John wants you to. You may send me those pic- 
tures, if you please, for I should like to look at them occasionally. That 
is a darned shame that yours were broken. Don'te you think that it was 
done on purpose ? I should hardly think that it was an azident. I 
don'te think of anything more to write of importance. Write soon. 

Yours Respect., 

L. F. Parsons. 

[Without direction, but supposed to have been written to Wm. Lee- 
men.— Trans.] 


Wednesday morning, Sept. Hth. 
My dear Husband: 

I wrote to you two weeks ago, but I suppose you 
had not got it when you wrote, as you did not say anything about it. 

0, Watson, I was so glad to hear from you, it made me almost home- 
sick. I do want to see you so very much, and I would like to have you 
see Ute little fellow, he has grown very fast. When I want to work I set 
him up in the rocking chair and talk to him, and he will laugh and act 
quite knowing; he will jump like anything, as the Peacocks say. It is 
very cold weather here ; the wind blows and it has been raiding and 
snowing, and the mountains are white with snow now. I am sitting as 
near the stove as I can, without burning my clothes, and there is a very 
good fire, too. There, it is snowing now quite fast. I suppose it is 


1859. warm and pleasant where you are. O, that I could be with you, but 
will try to be contented as I am, and where my home is. The friend 
are all very kind to me, and take care of Freddy a great deal. Ellei 
sits there by the rocking chair rocking him now. I have not been abl 
to get a cradle yet. I have not been anywhere yet, only up to Father's 
I went up there when the baby was three weeks' old, and staid tw 
weeks. Tell Dauphin it was very lonesome there without him. Ou 
corn did not grow to be anything at all. We had some boiled twict 
and it was altogether to green. The potatoes are very good; the 
crack open and are very dry and mealy. The cucumber vines were al 
killed before they were large enough to bear. This place is to frosty t 
live in. 

" Murh love to all." 

We got a letter from Mr. Hodgkins; it came directed to you. H 
had sold the wool for forty cents, 40 - - , which he endorsed on tha 
note. 1 paid Henry 20 dollars out of the money I got for the steen 
and I am a going to pay for the sheep as soon as the money is paid o 
that Draft. I am agoing to send it out next week. Rodolphus too 
the pig for three dollars, which paid that debt. I paid Weeks one do 
lar and 85 cents; yours and Olivus' account with him. 

Now, Watson, keep up a good courage, and not worry about me, ai 
come back as soon as possible. I think of you all night in my dreafl 
This is all at present. From your Affect, wife, 

Bell Brown - 

You will write just as often as you can, won't you, now? I forgot 
say that the baby has had the chicken pox, but was not rick much. 

[The letter above written is endorsed " Watson Brown " in the sai 
handwriting with the body of the letter. — Trans.] 


Halix)well, April 28, 7 58. 
My Dkar Brother: 

I received your letter and was most happy to he 
from you, also to know that you was well. That is a great blessing, 
oujoy good health. We are all well as usual, but our Mother she 
much better now than when I wrote last, although she is not able 
lanvn liar room. Her mind is much more settled ; she begins to mo 
liar Hngarn a very little. The doctor says she will get better when t 
warm wcathor comes. She worries herself A great deal about you, ai 
I don't know, My Dear Brother, how you expect a Mother and Sister 


do otherwise when we think where you are. so far from your home, bo 1850. 
long since we have seen you, and so long before we *hal see you (by your 
writing), but I hope it may not be but A short time before you will 
think it best to come to the loved ones at home. 

I do not like to write so very discouraging to you brother, when you 
are trying your best to encourage your folks, but if you knew how much 
we want you to come home you would not blame us for writing such 

Would you come home if you had the money to come with ? Tell 
me what it would cost. O, I would be unspeakable happy if it were in 
my power to send you money, but we have been very poor this winter. 
I have not earned A half dollar this winter. Mattie has had A very 
good place, where she has had 75 cents a week. She has not spent any 
of it in the family, only A very little for Mother. Farther has had very 
small pay, but I think he has more now ; he is watchman on the East- 
ern Queen that runs from here to boston. I should — worked in the 
steam Factory at Natick this winter had mother been well. Mattie has 
left her place, and talks of working in this Mill, but she will not if she 
can possibly do anything else. 

Hallowell is as still as ever; there is no kind of business going on at 
all. Most all those — think anything of themselves have left. 

I do not think you would know Mother, for she is very poor; she 
does not look like our Mother. We try to make her as comfortable as 
we can. She has everything that she wants; the folks in this place 
have been so very kind to us; our neighbors, too, it seems as though 
they could not do to much. Farther says he wants you to come home 
if you have to go back again. Ah, my Dear brother, you can never 
know how much your folks want you to come home. 

My Dear Brother, I want you to be sure and write often and as soon 
88 you receive this, for we are so very anxious when you don't write. 
Tell me who you are A going to fight, if you are going to interfere with 
the Mormons. I rather thought so, for I know times are peaceable in 

What may be thy lot on Earth, thy mission here below, 
Though fame may wreath her laurels fair around thy youthful brow, 
Though you would rise from Earthly things and win a deathless name, 
Let all your ways be just and right — Let virtue by your aim ; 
Though you may yet be scorned by men, or those who bear the name, 
Let all your ways be just and right — Let virtue by your aim. 

Oh, my Dear Brother, I hope you are as good as you were when you 
went from your home, and I know you are, for you would not do any- 
thing wrong. George Mitchel is dead one month ago. Dr. Allen is 
dead. Mr. Bart Nason fell dead in the meeting-house. David Wallach, 

C. Mariah butler's husband, was d row noted in California k s\\o\\, \»YKvfe 



1859. ago. It has been very sickly here this spring. We are having a very 
great revival. 

Mattie and I have concluded to get our minitures taken together for 
you. We will send them soon. We all send much love to your brother 
and son. 

Accept this from your ever affectionate sister, 

Lizzie L. Leeman, 

Hallo well, Maine. 

[The above letter, written in delicate and beautiful chirography,i> 
without envelope or address, but is supposed to have been written to 
Wm. Leeman.] 


Akron, May 2nd, J859. 

Dear Father: 

Your letter dated April 5th was res'd several weeks 

since; also your letter of the 16th April, dated at Westport. We have 
not seen ur writing case, which you say was lost either at Chicago, or 
this side. I believe and hope that you life and health maj r be spared 
for several years. I cannot think that you have finished you work yet. 
You had mistaken Jason's ideas of u moving " entirely ; he is heartily 
engaged in the measure, and, as he says, " at this late hour wishes to b< 
considered one of us." I will only acknowledge the *in of not answering 
letters in better season than I do ; still I cannot wish to be considered 
worse than I am in that matter. While you was in Kansas last season, 
I wrote you once, some time in August, Directed to Mr. Adair. It ap- 
pears that you did not receive. We have not heard from John for seve- 
ral months. If it was myself, it would be no wonder ; as it is him, I ara 
beginning to think strange of it. Have received a letter from Ruth of 
the 19th of April. I have commenced in answer to all the Letters from 
mother, Henry, Ruth, Salmon, Anna, Watson, Oliver, and all the rest. 
Whether they ever receive it or not, will depend wholly upon the length 
of their life. Shall remember you all. 

Your affectionate son. 

[The above bears this endorsement : " The following letter we found 
among the private papers of Capt. Brown at his house, which we en- 
tered on Tuesday evening with the Marines. It is from one of his sons 
(the sole remaining one out of six), who is now wandering through the 
West, but his whereabouts is unknow to his father, as he himself 
assured us. The signature has been carefully cut from the page. ,y ] 



Chambersburg, P [*] 9th, 1859. 1859. 

Dear Brother, Sister, & C [*] s: 

All is well 

with us. At present our prospecting appears to be favorable, and some 

of us will 6nd employment in a few days (I did not see the Letter you 

wrote us, but heard of it). 

Tedd is here. God speed you. 

Your brother, 

O. S. 

[The mark [*] indicates where a piece has been torn out of the origi- 


CnKRRYWOon, June 8, J 59. 
Frikxu John : 

I got a later from your sister Mary yesterday. She 

ir 'V«e* me to wife to you as soon as I get her*, and say to you that it is 

unsafe for you to come home, or at least to Nebraska City. She xrs that 

a friend of ours told your Pa in town, she bekved it was Mr. Rufus 

More. She wants you to be on your gard for them. I don't know as 

you want your leters sent to Cleveland in your name or not, so I will 

*nd this to sister and request hur to send it to you. 

I learn from E. A. Fobes that you was at Cleveland, also from sister. 

I want you to rite to me and let me no the particles of afares. I hav not 

Wd anything, only what was rlten from the city Hotel at your arival 

hare. Tell me whare WMple's adre*a is. Tell them I wod like to hear 

from them. I am a farming this sumer. I was sick a month, but am 

at work agane. Please rite to me and let* be sociable agane. Direct to 

Dewit Clinton Co., Iowa. If I had not got such a headache I wod rite 


Yours truly, 

C. W. Moffit. 


Springdale, August 6th % 1859. 
Friend Ed: 

I received a very welcom leter from you yesterday, and was 
glad to hear that yo ar still alive and well. Well, Ed, I havee not time 
to rite mutch, for it is rather a blare monday, and you no how I feel. Ed, 
I have rented that mathene to Jim, but at no prise. I will do the best I 


is*v». can with it Jim lost the ox case, and it cost him 26 doolars; rather a 

had job for Jim. As lor the talkin about your leaving E., they all no , 
whare you was a going; 90m of them glory in your spunk, an others ! 
think you ura gon boy, and have made you mad your last trip to Spring- 
dale. Ed, I want you to doge like the d — 1 and show them you can 
i\*m without a hold in your hide. Well, as for Mary and bu, they ar 
well, and old lion is able to fart yet, at least he plade a good hand the 
other night; they had fed him on beans; he was d — m full of wind. 
WVt* had black beryie* yesterday, and Lee and I had a try last night 
l>ick is going back to Kansas in 3 or 4 weeks. Ed, I must stop my 
scrihling, Tor it is time to go to Diner, Rite s<on if you can, and I will 
do hot tor next time, so I will stop. I am. 

l>iek eome to me Just now and said he wanted to rite to you on busi- 
ness, so 1 gave your post ofi*e (idre*8. 

[The alnive bears no direction or superscription, but the hand and 
spelling art* those of Moftit, and the letter was probably to Edward 
Toppie. Tkans.] 


Omaha, Nebraska T., May 16th, 1859. 

IW.V* K.wa: 

Your letter bearing date Apr. 22 is received ; was for- 
\><u\lcd liviu By ron to this place. I have been hereabout awaiting for 
vnu M\\ man to come arround via of St. Louis with our provisions for a 
Vi tuvMtVh*' Umr in the mountains in search of Gold. I received a letter 
li\n» \\*u c4\ Saturday before I started on monday. This was the first 
*\ud I had hoard* of any of you for many months. Son said that you 
ihv'uM »^ ^ w ( leveland only 3 days, so I wrote to J. B., Ju., to tell 
\ s vu *\*me vhiua*. Sim now rite me to not enter into any other arrange- 
moiu pivwutiHti nw ft" 0111 °M* er ^' MW ^' When you do this I think that 
v^u \Uiii v \vmidcr my situation, the obligations I am under to my 

t lUwut*, .M»d vvhiU I have already sacrificed in that same bankrupt busi- 

\ «uw) M WA summer and winter, and worked hard for little or 

. ..v V :i'i. i\i*t WH'U^h tv* got home) with the vane expectation of hearing 

v».. i.:»»»»n *M«»»'*W m i^ard to business, but I heard* nothing. When 

i . %l .,,i 'i.mwv »**> '^* accused me of fooling away my time, claim, 

■ »i \. N \v* \\v * h v" I owod debts that I ought to pay. I felt as if I 

>. ! fcv *<»»\ihiu«t V\ k *hwl «|* t« t% » r mouths, and then I could and would 

.v u» «av <u«4 m> Kv*. I owe about $230. If I could pay them 

* '••"■■ ^ n *> '^ ***■ * should be ready to go immediately. I had 

t sl svVV ,\i o^ * N *t m WVN ln*'*» * nA new no better tnin 8 t0 do ot 
Jt ^\*Vv*v* s^vAfc^fc* ^ k * v l>eak - l am 80 far on my wa ^' 


and even now we get more discouraging noos than good. Ever so many i860, 
are going back, selling teams at a loss, and taking the quickest way 
Yiome. Were I to see Uncle John now, and he to ask me to go, I should 
tell him that I owed $230, and must pay that first ; if he would pay it, 
then I should go immediately ; if not, then I should try to earn it I 
am certainty this is so. I have been willing, debt or no debt, but then 
I expected to have joined in the dance long before this. You may be 
assured that my best wishes will attend you. I am sorry to learn that 
others are not with you that you had expected. But I also learn that 
you have some new ones, which I hope will more than supply the defi- 
ciency. I do not know where to have you direct your letters if you 
should see fit to write. There are a great many a coming back from Ft. 
Carney discouraged on account of the discouraging news from the Peak. 
Tis said to be a humbug. We intend to go and see for ourselves. 

With many good wishes, 

I remain yours Truly, 

L. F. Parsons. 

[The envelope to this letter, as well as to many others, has been either 
wholly lost or mislaid. — Trans.] 


Illinois, July 3rd, '59. 

Dear Friend: 

The pleasure that it affords me in receiving you token is 

unbounded, it has removed the cloak of suspence and doubts with 

bright hopes of Cherishing my young and seemingly long desires that 

the object is within my reach. It is my chief desire to add fuel to the 

fire. The amount may be small, " but every little helps." My ardent 

passion for the gold field is my thoughts by day and my dreams by 

night. I often think that I am with you. Bringing it forth in masses 

that surprises the world, and moving with all its sweetness and Aole- 

someness adds still another determination. I would rejoice still more if 

you felt as well as I do. My health could not be better. I am sorry to 

hear of your being so unfortunate, but my sincerest hopes is with you. 

Please let me know as soon as possible. For, if it was very sudden, I 

might be some troubled to get my money, as it is very scarce stuff here. 

The man that I am working with in good as soon as his wheat is sold. 

It is middling good here this season ; much better than expected a 

month ago. They are cutting it here now. Some commenced theirs 

last day of June. If it should happen that you would come by this 

way, I will give you directions: Start out on the Blooming ton and 


1859. Peora road From Bloom ington and go Half mile and take the white oak 
grove road about -H miles north, enquire for squire Brown's farm, and 
you will have no trouble to find it. Those Glorious fellows. I would 
like to know where they are — Black or white, and where Dick and 
Realf are, as you did not mention them. I must go to town this after- 
noon ; quite a walk — 5 miles — hut if it is as long going to you as that 
was coming to me, I must not delay a minute. 

Yours For Ever, 

In truth. 

Give my love to those friends of trust. 

Bloomixgtox, III. 

Steward Taylor. 


New York, Sept. 6, '50. 

J. Henriu, Esq'r, 

Chambersburg, Pa. : 

Dear Sir: 

Your communication of the 3d hist, came to hand vector- 

day. In reply, am .sorry to state I can give you no information what- 
ever regarding the whereabouts of Richard Realf. I only know he left 
his home the latter part of February for America, since which time I 
have failed to gather any intelligence relating to his* movements. He 
considers me his most intimate friend, and yet I know not that he even 
exists at this time. 

Please inform me the motive which prompts you in your enquiries. 
Have you known Mr. Realf for any lengthened period? Where did 
you last see him? and how and where did you hear him speak of me? 
If I hear of or from him at any time, I will transmit you the news, 
and trust you will reciprocate. 

Respectfully Yours, 

Cn.vs. C. Seatox. 

Care of Horace H. Day, Esq'r, 23 Courtland street 
[J. Henrie was the assumed name of Kagi. — Tr.] 


23 Courtland St., X. Y., Sept. :£?, -50. 
My Dear Sir: 

You will, I trust, excuse my seeming negligence in the 
occurrence of my not having replied to your two last communications, 


Wring dates respectively of the 7th and 14th inst., the latter of which 1859. 
contained an enclosure of two others for Mr. Realf. My time has been 
[ «o closely monopolized by business that I have been compelled to dis- 
appoint every one of my correspondents for nearly three weeks past 
The handwriting of the letters addressed to friend Realf I hardly recog- 
nized. They contained nothing of importance, therefore I will retain 
them until he may make his appearance here. The parties by whom 
they were written have seen Realf since their date. I hold a deep 
interest in the welfare of Richard, and trust the time is not far distant 
when I may be the recipient of some glad tidings of or from him. 
With kind regards, believe me to remain, 

Y'rs Resp'y, 

Chas. C. Seaton. 
J. Henrie, Esq. 


Cleveland, Sept. SOtii, %9. 
My Dear Friend: 

I have been waiting ever since the receipt of your 

letter for Mr. L to return before I answered, thinking that we might 

manage some way to help you to that money. He came last night, and 
1 gave him your letter. Harris is gone to Canada. I saw your uncle 
Samuel, laid the matter before him, he expressed a v*> y favorable opinion 
of your business, thought you would eventually succeed in making a 
fortune, 1 told him your strait for this little amount of money just now,' 
out I could not get him to do anything towards helping you to it I 
am going to try still further and see if I can procure something for you 
before J. B., Jr. comes. I expect him next week. But I will tell you 
how I am situated : My husband feels afraid you will have trouble with 
that contract and eventually fail in your business, and he is afraid of 
making any more that would bring him into trouble in case you should 
M, which of course could do you no good. He is situated just where 
if he should be taken away from his business for two months he would 
be ruined as to property, there could be no help for it. If he was dif- 
ferently situated he would send you the money himself without any 
hesitation. But money is so hard to be got that it requires the best turn 
of every dollar to keep him up. I will endeavor to do the best I can 
for you, but I am afraid I shant succeed in getting much. 

It seems to me that in your present emergency, as difficult as it is for 
you to get workmen, that you had better send to your friend out west — 
I mean the one who dreamed one night of a crop of black and white 
beans — and have him send you on some of his workmen for the present. 
Your difficulty, I discover, is want of workmen rather ihaxv mon^y. \i 


1859. they could only be found who would go, I would take two-thirds of the 
garments off from myself and give them to help them off. Anything 
that you think I could possibly do for you let me know, and I am a^ 
your service with a will. But be sure you say nothing in your letter^ 
which, if read, could look as though my husband was involved with 
you, For if you should fail it would do no good for anybody else to 
break with you, And by keeping up we might help you up again. 
When you write be cautious how you word it I don't believe Mr. L. 
will go. He, like others, when he comes to it, would rather get employ 
nearer home than go away off there and dig and work among the coal 
dust. I hope you will secure your land any way, whether you find the 
wealth in it you contemplate or not. 
Charley is now in Oberlin at school. Adelia goes to the high school. 

From your friend. 

[Without direction or signature. — Trans.] 


Chambersburo, Sept. 27th } 1859. 
Mr. James Lesley, Esq'r: 

This will he handed to you by a Gentleman calling himself Smith, 

who represents himself to me as the Brown of Kansas memory. He 

with two young mOn have been in and about town for two or three 

months professedly, and I believe truly, engaged in the good cause. So 

far as ray acquaintance with them extend, I believe them to be good 

men and true. 

The go to Philadelphia. to-morrow, and desire to see you, and request 

me to introduce them by letter, which I do so far as they are known to 


Respectfully yours, 

Thos. Carlile. 

[On a blank page of the original note is the following in pencil : 

" Dear Jimmy : — I am acquainted with the writer of this, and know 
him to be one of the worthiest citizens of Chambersburg. 

J. Lesley, 611 Market Street."] 

West Andover, Mar. 80th, 1859. 

I saw a few days since a letter which Owen had received from you. 
I have to say that there seems to be no present prospect of disposing of 


the pro|>erty you mentioned. The old gentlemen, however, encloses 1859. 
$10.00, which he hopes may be of some relief — the best he can do at 

Respectfully your friend, 

I. H. K. 

John E. Cook, Harper's Ferry. 


Cherrywood, June 26th, '59. 

Dear Sir : 

I got a leter last nite from I. R., stating that I roust be redy 

if I went in to or three weeks, or to aa whether I wod go or not ; in short 

words, I don't see as I can at present, tho' I feel as deep an interest for 

the cans as ever, and hope yet to do more for it than I liav. 

I now is the best time, and Perhaps the most needed, but thare is 
difficulties in the way that can't be removed as I can se. I shall try to 
do all that I can to ade the thing along. 

Shod like to be kept Posted on matter as well as conveniar*. You may 
think that I am a back out, but I don't under circumstances nothing 
icod would suit me beter. I remain your humbull sirvent and well 
wisher. Please rite me as often as convenient. 

C. W. Moffet. 
[Direction unknown. — Trans.] 


Oberlin, Ohio, Sept 8th, '59. 

To J. Henrie, 

Respected Sir: 

I received yours per C. H. L., and have delayed 

answering it directly until the present. I have not seen I. D. H. since 
I received it But have heard from him. 

Nothing delays me more than want of means. I have been un- 
healthy for some time, but have grown quite well. I saw I. B.. Jr., a 
week ago, and rece'd a letter from him yesterday. His statements to 
me were satisfactory. I have a hardy man, who is willing and every 
way competent to dig coal, but like myself, has no tools. If the com- 
pany employs him, they will have to furnish him tools. His address is 
John Copeland, Jr., Oberlin, Ohio. He is an honest man, and will do 

as much Labor as the common run of men. I saw Mr. P. I think 



1859. that we can get an outfit from parties interested in our welfare in this 
place. If so, I shall Be on as soon as I can. 

Yours sincerely, 

L. S. Leary. 

[The " I. Henrie " to whom this letter is addressed, was an assumed 
name of I. H. Kagi, who was killed at Harper's Perry. The " Mr. P.'' 
alluded to near the close of the letter, is probably R. Plomb, of Ober- 
lin. — Trans. 


Col. H. Forbes, 

New York City : 

If you have drawn on U. H. D. Calender, Esq'r, Cashier State 

Bank at Hartford, Connecticut, for six Hundred Dollars, or any part of 
that amount, and are not prepared to come on and join me at once, you 
will please pay over at once to Joseph Bryant, Esq'r, who is my agent, 
six Hundred Dollars, or whatever amount you have so drawn, as I fur- 
nished that money in the full expectation of having your personal assist- 
ance this present time. I can not wait until Fall, and I greatly need all 
the means I have. 

Very Respectfully Your Friend, 

John Brown. 
Cleveland, Ohio, 22nd June, 1857. 

[This order is endorsed in one corner thus, " My order on Col. Forbes 
returned," and in another place thus, "I did not present this to the Col. 
as I presumed it would be of no use — and then he is I am persuaded, 
acting in good faith, Jos. Bryant"] 


Troy, June 7th, 1859. 
John Brown, 

To W. & L. E. Gurley, Dr. 

To one Vernier Compass, - - - - - ' - 35 00 

" " Set Steel marking Pins - - - - - 1 00 

•36 00 

Rec'd payment, 

W. & L. E. Gurley. 

[Endorsed in Brown's handwriting W. & L. E. Gurley's bill & Rect] 



Newark, Sept. 0, '59. 1859. 

fttaND Henrie: 

I received your note of enquiry this morning. I am 
sony I know so little of what you ask. My last letter was written Sep. 
6. Sister did not speak of C. at all. In other letters she has often 
spoken of seeing him, hut of course she knows nothing of his plans. 

My father is slowly recovering from a long, severe illness. Many of 
our neighbors have been sick this season; perhaps C. has been. I hope 
he will join yon soon. 


S. G. W. 

[This note to " Henrie " alias Kagi is in a female hand.] 


Pittsburg, Pa., $8d June, 1859. 
John Henrie, Esq'r: 
Dear Sir : 

Please enquire for a letter at Bedford, Pa. If you do not 
find one there you may understand that you have got ahead of us, and 
will wait a little. If you have any company along it may be just as 
well not to appear as fellow-travelers. We may commence prospecting 
before we get to Bedford. 

Yours in truth, 



Chambersburg, Pa., Aug. 2 y '59. 
Dear Whip: 

Tidd, Steward, Taylor, and 2 Coppacs have been about 
You will be able to see them in 2 weeks, or three at farthest. I heard 
from all, Hazlet to-day. Say to J., Jr., if he has not left home, that I 
hive received all his letters and of King <fe Bros, up to those of July 27. 
Castings not yet arrived, but expect them in a day or two. All is well. 
Keep cool. Preserve the elevation of your liquors (or in other words 
keep up your spirits). Hen C. Carpenter has gone to Wattles. I have 
written him. Have also written to Elza Maxson to come here, and 1 


1850. would give him a birth ; to come even if he had to sell your mare for 
passage money. Can you raise a swear on it? 

I. Henrie. 

[At the bottom of this note, written in pencil, is the name of " Horace 
Linley, West Andover." The envelope is directed " Old Whipple, any- 
where." Whipple waff the assumed name of Stevens.] 


Detroit, Mar. IS, 1859. 
Dear Tidd: 

I and B. arrived yesterday morning with our consot, which 
I immediately passed over to Windsor. The old man and Whip had to 
come on in advance in order to see Fred Douglass, who was expected *° 
leave here yesterday morning. I left Hen. at Chicago with directions to 
start for Cleveland with the other freight yesterday morning. We shall 
leave here to-morrow. Fred D. spoke last night ; will speak again thi^ 

Truly as ever yours, 


P. S. — Enquire at P. 0. for me often, and send letters to West Andover, 

Ashtabula Co., Ohio. 



July 14th, 1859, julianna, Pa. 
Dear Sir: 

I Received your letter a few minuet* ago, and was glad to 
hear from you. Will Bee Ready when you want met if nothing Hap- 
pens mee. 

Y'rs truly, 

A. H. 

[This brief note bears the initials of Albert Hazlet, but has no direc- 
tion upon it. — Trans.] 


Chambersburg, Sat., Sept. 8, 1859. 
Dear Sir: 

I have just received the enclosed letter together with the 
draft for $50 mentioned therein, and have acknowledged the' receipt of 


thesame. I have also received a letter from John Smith under date of 1859. 
Sandusky, Aug. 27th. H. would stop at P. and Cleveland ; Anderson at 
C— ra would leave immediately; one at H — n as soon as he could raise 
the money; the Coppersmith in a few weeks. The latter had been wait- 
ing for sometime, but at last made an engagement which he could not 
break for a few weeks. Others have to make certain provisions. Mr. 
Smith intends to try to raise funds for the object. He says he is ready 
for any other business you may give him employment in. His money 
ia exhausted. Is sorry (confidentially) that he went in company with 
Mr. S— , he is too fat, and takes hardly strong interest enough. I have 
written him. 

[No direction.] I. Henrie. 


North Elba, June 29th. 
Dear Husband: 

We received your welcome letter of the 23rd last night 

with 6ve dollars in it. We are all well here. Since you left here we 

have had abundance of rain so that things look quite promising now. 

We have not had any frost since you left. Watson says he promised to 

write, but wants I should say he cut his foot and was laid up about a 

week and is in a great hurry. I read a letter from John telling what the 

frost had done in Ohio. I think we have great reason to be thankfull 

here. I do hope that you will be blessed with health and success in the 

good and great cause your engaged in. 

From your Affectionate wife, 

Mary A. Smith. 

[This letter is without envelope, but is endorsed " Isaac Smith. Esq., 
Care of John Henrie, Chambereburg, Pa." It is from Old Brown's wife.] 


Cherry Valley, O., Friday, April 22nd, 1859. 
Friend Kagi: 

Yours of the 12th inst. was duly received, but no letters 
for you had come to the West Andover 1\ O. Yesterday I called at the 
office in Andover Centre and there found Uvo for you which had evidently 
been there some time. I shall forward them to-dav. 

Nothing new here. Have not heard from Father since he left, except 
incidentally through the papers that he spoke at Rochester, N. Y. He 


1859. remained with me nearly two weeks, suffering much not only from the 
ear ache but from ague. Had 3 shakes before he left, and was much 
enfebled by it. 

Parsons wrote a few days since that he should "start to-morrow fot 
Pike's Peak." Had a yoke or two of oxen and a yoke of cows for teamff- 
Whipple is still at work for Mr. Lindsley, where he gives entire satisfac- 
tion. Nothing from the others. I shall write as often as I have letter** 
to send you or anything new to communicate. Address me as before t*^ 
We*t Andover, O. Shall be glad to hear from you often. 

(In haste.) Truly yours, 

John Brown, Jur. 


Brentville, April 11th, 1859. 
Dear Husband: 

I mus now write you apology for not writing you 
before this, but I know you will excuse me when I tell you Mrs. Gen- 
ii ings has been very sick. She has a baby — a little girl ; ben a grate 
sufferer ; her breast raised, and she has had it lanced, and I have had 
to stay with her day and night ; so you know I had no time to write, 
but she is now better, and one of her own serrent is now sick. I am 
well ; that is of the grates importance to you. I have no news to write 
you, only the children are all well. I want to see you very much, but 
are looking forward to the promest time of your coming. Oh, Dear 
Dangerfield, com this fall without fail, monny or no monney. I want to 
see you so much. That is one bright hope I have before me. Nothing 
more at present, but remain 

Your affectionate wife, 

Harriett Newby. 

P. S. Write soon, if you please. 

Brentville, April 22d y 1859. 

Dear Husband: 

I received your letter to-day, and it gives much pleas- 
ured here from you, but was sorry to of your sikeness ; hope 

you mav be well when vou receive this. I wrote to you several weeks 
ago, and directed my letter to Bridge Port, but I fear you did not receive 
it, as you said nothing about it in yours. You must give my love to 
Brother Gabial, and tell him I would like to see him very much. I 
wrote in my last letter that Miss Virginia had a baby — a little girl. I 
had to n«r*c her day and night. Dear Dangerfield, you cannot amagine 
how much I want to see you. Gm as soon as you can, for nothing 
would give more pleasure than to see you. It is the grates Comfort 1 


have is thinking of the promist time when you will be here. Oh, that 1859. 
Urn hour when I shall see you once more. My baby commenced to 
Oroii to-day ; it is very delicate. Nothing more at present, but remain 

Your affectionate wife, 

Harriett Newby. 
P. S. Write soon. 

Brentville, August 16th, 1859. 
Dear Husband : 

Your kind letter came duly to hand, and it gave me 

much pleasure to here from you, and especely to here you are better of 
your rhumati&m, and hope when I here from you again you may be en- 
tirely well. I want you to buy me as soon as possible, for if you do 
not get me some body else will. The servants are very disagreeable ; 
thay do all thay can to set my mistress against me. Dear Husband 

you not the trouble I see ; the last two years has ben like a trouble 

dream to me. It is said Master is in want of momiey. If so, I know 
not what time he may sell me, an then all my bright hops of the futcr 
are blasted, for their has ben one bright hope to cheer me in all my 
troubles, that is to be with you, for if I thought I skoul never see you 
this earth would have no charms for me. Do all you can for me, witch 
I have no doubt you will. I want to see you so much. The children 
are all well. The baby can not walk yet all. It can step around every- 
thing by holding on. It is very much like Agnes. I must bring my 
letter to a Close as I have no newes to write. You mus write soon and 
say when you think you can come. 

Your affectionate wife, 

Harriett Newby. 

[The last three letters are without envelope, but were evidently writ- 
ten to Dangerfield Newby, one of the Harper's Ferry Insurgents. The 
place from which they were written is probably Brentville, in Prince 
William, Va. The last letter bears this endorsement in a scrawling 
hand: "Aug. 27. Friend Whipple: Martha sent me this letter to-day. 
I sent it by the first mail. God spead the right. 

E. A. J. Lindsey. 

P. 8. — This letter is for Mr. G. Newby ; he left our houes this morning. 

E. A. J. L."] 


May the , 1859, " 21, Indiana, Pa. 
Deab Kagi: 

I Recieved your letter, and was glad to here from you. I 

was almost out of patience wating; i thought you had forgotten mee. 


1859. You wrote something about the afairs in Ohio. I wish it would come of 
soon, for i am getting tireed a Doing nothing. I would like to know 
when the old man will be Back and when you want mee. I would like 
to see you all again. Let mee know what is going on. When you rite to 
me give me a plain hand ; i can read it better. Direct as Be fore. Rite 
as soon as you get this. No more, but remain, 

Your Friend, 

A. Hazlktt. 
I. H. Kagi. 


[Copy] Springfield, Atig. 87 — , 1851. 

Dear Friend: 

Yours of the 18th has been received and communicated. 
S. G. H. has .sent you $50 in a draft on N. Y., and I am expecting to 
get more from other sources, perhaps some, here, and will make to you 
the $300 if I can as soon as I can. But I can give nothing myself just 
now, being already in debt. 

I hear with great pleasure what you say about the success of the busi- 
ness, and hope nothing will occur to thwart it. 

Your son Jhon was in Boston a week or two since, and I went to find 
him, but did not, and being away from Concord he did not come to see 
me. H. saw S. G. H., G. S. S., W. P., F. I. & C, and everybody liked 
him. I am very sorry I did not see him. All your Boston friends are 
well. Theo. Parker is — Switzerland, much better than when he left 
home. Henry Starrs, of this place, is dead, July 28th. I reached here 
yesterday, and have seen few people as yet. Here I expect letters from 
those to whom I have written. I conclude that your operations will 
not be delayed if the money reaches you in course of the next fortnight, 
if you are sure of having it then. I cannot certainly promise that you 
will, but I think so. 

Harriet Tubman is probably in New Bedford sick. She has staid 
here in N. E. a long time, and been a kind of missionary. Your friends 
in C. are all well. I go back there in a week. God prosper you in your 
work. I shall write again soon. 

Yours ever, 


[The above letter, written to John Brown, evidently appears to have 
been copied in the handwriting of Kagi from the original, which was 
probably lost or destroyed. The original has since been discovered, and 
is endorsed by Brown " F. B. Sanborn's letter."] 



Tribune Office, New York, 30th April, '59. i860. 

Mt. I. H. Kagi, 


Yours is received, and we enclose you our check for forty-one 

dollars for seven letters from Kansas and two from Ohio. 


Horace Greeley <fe Co. 


Office of the Daily Morning Leader, Cleveland, Ohio, 

June 2UU 1859. 
G. L Heaton, 

D'r Sir: 

Mr. Cowles requested me to recommend to your attention the 

bearer of this, I. H. Kagi, Esq., who is connected with the N. Y. Tribune, 

and now from Kansas. He designs to go to Buffalo by Lake on one of 

the steamers you represent 

Yours truly, 

I. L. Beardsley. 


New York, May W> 1859. 
Mr. I. H. Kagi, 

Dear Sir: 

The price of the S. & W. S. S. is $15, cartridges $1 per 

hundred in quantities of 6 or more packets at a time; a discount of 20 

per cent., terms cash. 

Yours Resp'y, 

I. W. Storrs, Agent. 

[The abreviationB " S. & W. S. S. " mean Smith and Wesson's Seven 

Capt. John Brown, 

My Dear Friend: 

I wrote you a week ago directing my letter to care 

of Mr. Kearney. He replied informing me that he had forwarded the 

letter to N. York. But as Mr. Morton received last evening a letter from 

Mr. Sanborn saying your address would be your son's home, viz : West 

Andover, I therefore write you without delay, and direct my letter to 

your son. 



1859. I have done what I could thus far for Kansas — what I could do to 

keep you at your Kansas work. Losses by endorsement and otherwise 
have brought me under heavy embarrassments the last two years. But 
I must nevertheless continue to do in order to keep you at your Kansas 
work. I send you herewith my d'ft for $200. Let me hear from you 
on the receipt of this letter. 

You live in our hearts. Our prayer to God is that you may have 
strength to continue in your Kansas work. My wife joins me in affec- 
tionate regard to your son John, whom we both hold in very high esteem. 
I suppose you put the Whitman note into Mr. Kearney's hands. It will 
be a great shame if Whitman does not pay it. What a noble man is 
Mr. Kearney. How liberally he has CDntributed to keep j*ou in your 

Kansas work. 

Your friend, 

Gerrit Smith. 

[Endorsed in Brown's hand, Gerrit Smith answered June 17th and 
enclosed E. B. Whitman's note and H. Tubman's receipt.] 


New York State Bank, Albany, 29th Aug. y 1859. 

Messrs. J. Smith <fc Sons: 

I have received with enclosure as stated, your favor of . I 

hand you herewith my d'ft on Merchants B'k, N. Y., $100 in accordance 
with instructions from Hon'e Gerret Smith, Petersboro', N. Y. 

Resp'y yours, 

I. H* Van Antwerp. 

[" New York State Bank," " Albany," 1859. " Sir " : " And I have 
received with enclosure as stated your favor of," are printed in the 


Oberlin, Aug. ££, 1859. 
I. Henrie, Esq'r: 

Dear Sir: 

Yours of Aug't 9 came to hand this morning, and I hasten 

to reply, and should have replied to your first letter before, but it was so 

long reaching me that I was afraid you would have left Chambersburg. 

My pecuniary condition is such (having made loss in consequence of 

being in Jail of about $1,200 on property shipped west) that I regret to 


y I cannot advance the money to save your father's land. It would i8#» 
give me great pleasure to do this, and I am sorry I cannot. 

Next with regard to the last proposition.. Our people have been 
drained of the last copper to pay expenses for the Oberlin Trials, and 
are now sued by Lowe for $20,000 damages for false imprisonment. We 
have in all probability got to have another clinch with the scoundrels, 
and money, money, money will be needed at every step. 

If I could possibly do so, I would send you the needful amount, but 
in my opinion it will not be possibly to raise it. By visiting other 
places and interesting other parties, it might be done, but not here. I 
have to go to Missouri in a few days to look. after my business there, 
which has been left in a disastrous condition by imprisonment. 

Yours truly, 

R. Plumb. 


Sandusky, Ohio, 

Saturday eve., Aug. 27 ', y 59. 
Friend Henrie: 

I have not written since I left Syracuse, for the reason 

that I had nothing definite to write until within two or three days, and 

then was too much occupied to write. 

At H. C. I found none, and went on to Hamilton, where I met 

with several capital fellows. The copper smith on the G. W. R. RM 
will go, but has an engagement on the steam engine, which will hold 
him several weeks. I think him one of those men who must be ob- 
tained, if possible. For several months he was entirely out of busi- 
ness ; waiting, but hearing nothing, took a job which he cannot now 
leave till finished. There is at Hamilton two other men every way 
fitted by nature for such a place ; one at least of whom will start as 
soon as traveling expenses can be raised. 

At Dr. \V T, 8 house we formed an association, the officers consisting of 
chairman, Treasurer, and corresponding secretary. The business of 
which is to hunt up good workmen and raise the means among themselves to 
send them forward. I am in communication with this association, and 
can reach them all at once through their corresponding SVt'y, so that 
whatever you wish to communicate can be done through me by letter , 
without delay. No minutes of the organization, nor of any of its pro- 
ceedings are, or will be, preserved in writing. I formed similar associa- 
tions in Chat., and also at B-x-t-n. 

At the first place (H) they will take hold at once and do something. 

At Chatham 1 met a hearty response. The delay since they last saw 
you has caused them, however, to scatter and involve themselves in 


I8f>». business arrangements. The Capt. of the Fire Co., and one other of 
the best, has gone to Frazer River. Dick was away harvesting a num- 
ber of miles from there, but from what they say is on hand. Alex, had 
disposed of his affairs a good while since, and until within a few weeks 
had been waiting, but has lately resumed. Thinks he can now close 
out by 1st of Nov., and in the mean time to prove his devotion will fur- 
nish means to help on two or three himself. He can be fully relied on. 
Anderson at Chat, will come on immediately. 

At ( 4i K-n ") I found the man, the leading #pirit in that "affair," 
which you, Henrie, rel'ered to. On Thursday night last, I went with 
him on foot 12 miles: much of the way through new paths, and sought 
out in " the bush " some of the rhokrtt. Had a meeting after 1 o'clock 
at night at his home. He has a wife and 5 children; all small, and 
they are living very poorly indeed, " roughing it in the bush," but hi* 
wife is a heroine, and he. will he on hand as soon as his family can be 
provided for. He owes about 830; says that a hundred additional 
would enable him to leave them comfortable for a good while. 

After viewing him in all points which I am capable of, I have to say 
that 1 think him worth in ovr market as much as two or three hmnhf'' 
average men, and even at this rate 1 should rate him too low. For phf/" 
steal capacity^ for practical judgment, for courage, and moral tone, fo 1 " 
energy and force a)id with for experience that would not only enable hira~* 
to meet difficulty, but give confidence to overcome it, I should have U^ 
go a long way to find his equal, and in my judgment would be a cheaj^ 
acquisition at almost any price. 

I shall individually make a strenuous effort to raise the means to send 
him on. Mr. A — n at Detroit is all alive, also D. B. However Mr. A ? s 
wife is very sick, he will get down there as soon as possible. Is to let 
me know right away by letter what he can do and when. D. B. is the 
working man there and a host in himself. Thompson is on hand as 
soon as he can shape his affairs so that his family, a wife and one child 
(6 mo's old) can be provided for. I saw friend Isaac's letter to D. B. 
and took a copy to send on to the other associations. When at %k \V — r" 
I saw our friends from Mo. They are all doing well, are working hard. 
Have raised a great deal of stuff to live on, (I — m) and his family are 
out on a farm about 11 miles, did not see him. They all say he is doing 
better probably than any of those at u W — r." They seemed anxious to 
do some washing or something for me for nothing. They said "tell your 

and thems with him that we all owes urn a great deal more than 

we can ever pay in dis world." By the way, it is now well ascertained 
that the fire was caused by an incendiary or incendiaries in the interest 
of the tyrants who could devise no other plan. 

I go on to-night from here so as to meet the morning train forOberlin. 
Shall write vou verv soon again. I left Mr. , our Syracuse friend at 



telroit, whence he will return home, stopping at Ingersol and London. i85». 

Vrhaps on the whole it was best I had him accompany me on this trip, 

f€t my first ideas of him I find are correct. "He in too fat," nor is this 

aU, his heart is only pusxiirfy in our cause. Wherever 1 have been they 

tell me I had no need of a voucher, as mv reneiuhUiiicc to Ixtmc would 

have been all sufficient, as it is, J very much regret that 1 spent so much 

money in transporting so much inert hiUjhuh matter. Now don't imagine 

anything occurred to mar friendly feelings, there did not, and what I 

have said I wish regarded as confidential. When I get home if there 

is nothing which yo» hare laid out for mc to r/o, 1 shall as soon as I get to 

it set about raising some funds for the cause. From this on I mean to 

devote mv whole time if 1 can in the work. Don't fail to attach mv 

name to that Document or those documents — vou know. 

If friend " Isaac" wishes me to go anywhere else I shall need more 
means, as I have only enough to get back with. 

In haste, yours, 

John Smith. 
tiive my warmest regards to all the fraternity. 

[This John Smith is John Brown, Jr. Ills style is much more accu- 
rate and finished than that of any of the rest of " the fraternity," and 
his handwriting is beautiful. On the back of this letter, in the hand- 
writing of Old Brown, is "J. S., Jr., answered." Isaac is old Brown. 
There is also the following in the handwriting of Kagi : 

" I\ of (1'hicopee Bank) Mass., 

SoO. [blk] No. <?/>.;./, 
Sl'KI.ViFIFLI), Any. >i<J, ISof*. 

Pav to order of H. Fuller, Jr., Fiftv Dollars. 

T. Wakxeh, Jk., C'tishirr. 
To the Continental Bank. New York. 

Pav to the order of J. Smith tv. Sons. 


H. Fimj:i{. Jk. 

Sent above by mail this day. mh1rt**r<1 J. Smith Oc Sons, Chambers- 

Harper's Ferry. Va., Sept. >$, 1<S.V.>.] 


Syk.utsk, New York, Th"r*(hiy, Any. lUh. IS"/.). 

'imk.xd I. Hkxhik: 

Dav before vesterdav I reached Rochester. Found 
ar "Rochester friend" absent at Niagara Falls. Yesterdav he re- 


1859. turned, and I spent remainder of day and evening with him and Mr. E 
Morton, with whom friend Isaac is acquainted. 

The friend at Rochester will set out to make you a visit in a few dayi 
He will l>e accompanied by "that other young man," and, if it can b 
brought around, also by the woman that the Syracuse friend could te 
me of. The son will probably remain back for a while. I gave Fred' 
$22 to defray expenses. If alive and well you will see him ere long, 
found him in rather low spirits; left him in high. Accidentally met* 

R Mr. E. Morton. He was much pleased to hear from you ; wt 

anxious for a copy of that letter of instructions to show our friend i 
" P — r,*' who, Mr. M. says, has his whole soul absorbed in this matter. 
have just made him a copy and mailed it at R., where he expects to b 
for two or three weeks. He wishes me to say to you that he had rel 
able information that a certain noted Col., whose name you are all a< 
quainted with, is now in Italy. 

By the way, the impression prevails generally that a certain acquain 
ance of ours headed the party that visited St. J., in Mo., lately. C 
course I don't try to deny that which bears such ear marks. 

Came on here this morning. Found L. gone to Boston, Mass., ar 
also said woman. As T. does not know personally those persons in 
to whom it is necessary to have letters of introduction, and he think* 
had better get him to go with me there, I have mnde up my mind n 
withstanding the extra expense to go on to Boston. L. is expecting 
visit C. soon anyway, and his wife thinks would contrive to go imn 
diately. I think for other reasons also I had better go on to Bostc 

Morton says our particular friend, Mr. S n, in that city, is especia 

anxious to hear from you — has his heart and hand both engaged in t 
cause ; shall try and rind him. Our Rochester friend thinks the worn 
whom 1 shall see in Boston. " whose services might prove invaluah] 
had better be helped on. 

I leave this eve in the 11:35 from here. Shall return as soon as p 
sible to make my visit at C. Will write you often. So far all is w< 
Keep me advised as far as consistent. 

Fraternally yours, 

John Smith. 

[Endorsed in the handwriting of old Brown, "John Smith's letter 
I. Henrie."] 


Chambersbukg, Aug. J, 1859. 

Tidd and Stewart Taylor have arrived since the Coppacs. They a 
that Elza Maxson wished to get employment, and I have written 


come od. The probability is that he will come, yet it is not certain. isfti. 

Carpenter has gone back to K. I have written to A. Wattles, urging 

him to have his start immediately. Owen will show you the letters from 

John Smith, ag't of King & Bros. The castings ought to he here (the 

first 10 boxes) in a very few days. I have twice heard from Hazlett 

He is ready. Have heard nothing from my friends from Cleveland, but 

think I certainly shall receive a letter concerning them soon. 

I. Hknrik. 

[Endorsed "Isaac Smith, Esq." in Kagi's writing, also "I. Henri's let- 
ter" in the writing of Old Brown. The word " cashings," which is plainly 
thus writted in two of Kagi's letters must have been intended for " cast- 
ings," which is the term Kagi employs to designate certain boxes of arms 
sent to Kansas by the N. E. emigrant Aid Soc., and reshipped by Brown's 
party through King & Bros, of Ashtabula to Chambersburg.] 


Jefferbon, Ohio, May 26th, 1869. 
My Dear Sir: 

I shall be absent during next week, and hope to be at 
home during the summer. Shall be happy to see you at my house. 

Very Truly, 

J. R. Gidding. 
John Brown, Esq'r. 

[Endorsed in Brown's hand "J. R. Gidding, Requires no reply."] 


Washington Co., Md., 2Sd July, 1859. 
John Henrie, Esq'r, 
Dear Sir: 

Please mail enclosed at once. 

[The above is in the hand writing of Old Brown. Below the last line 
in the original is the following memorandum in pencil in the hand of 
Kagi: "(Letter to) George De Baptist, Detroit, Mich. (Did so same 



18r>9 .- Washington Co., Md., July 27th, 1859. 

J. Henrie, Esq'r : * j . ?, -^ 

All well. Yours of the 22nd with enclosures is I *r " 

received. Please mail letter at once. l^~c r ' 


I. Smith & So**- I" -^" 


North Elba, N. Y., *£ft JlprtY, JWW- 
John Henrie, Esq'r, 

Dear Sir : 

I write to say that I have been again entirely prostrate*** 
with the difficulty in my head, and with ague, so that I have not y^ 
been able to attend to any business. I am now some better, but do nC^ 
think I shall be able to do much under a week or more. Please let o\M~ J 
friends all round know (so far as you can), the cause of my not writin^^ 
to them, or of any delay, as I am not able to write much now. I wil ^ 
write John and Owen. Carpenter is at Medina, Medina Co., Ohio^^ 
Hazlett is at Indianna Post Office, Indianna Co., Pa. I believe you 
the address of all the others. All others well. Your friend in truth. 

P. S. Write me under cover to Henry Thompson, North Elba, Essex 
Co., N. Y., if you learn any thing of interest. 


Moneka, K. T., Mar. 29, y 59. 
Dear Friend: 

Your favor of the 10th inst. was received last evening. 
We were gratified to hear from you and of your success. We had 
foiled you with anxious hearts from point to point on your previous 
journey. Be pleased to let us hear from you from time to time, as you 
have opportunity. We are all well, and have been neither frightened 
nor hurt, though in constant peril of assassination or arrest. The pro- 
slavery party has defeated itself more by their own stupidity than by 
our smartness. We vote on the County seat in June. Send all the 
abolitionists here you can. 

Please continue that writing which you began at my house. I am a 
member of the historical society of Kansas, and am appointed on the 



\ department of biography. Please make a note of this, and act accord- 1 

: Yours truly. 

5v Dr. Weaver killed himself, I presume you have heard, while bringing 
' in guns from Mo. to murder his neighbors with. It was a Providential 
interference for our protection, I have no doubt. 



[Endorsed in old Brown's hand. " A. Wattle's letter answered May 


Look for letters directed to John Henrie, at Chambersburg. Enquire 
*or letters at Chambersburg, directed I. Smith & Sons (for Isaac Smith). 
-*5nquire for freight at the depot at Chambersburg for I. Smith & sons, 
**.»d write them at Harper's Ferry as soon as any does come. See Mr. 
[enry Watson at Chambersburg and find out if the Tribune conies on. 
tve Mr. Watson and his reliable friends get ready to receive company? 
^3et Mr. Watson to make you acquainted with his reliable friends, but 
*3o not appear to be any wise thick with them, and do not often be seen 
***ritk any such men. Get Mr. Watson to find out, if he can, a trusty man, 
car men, to stop with at Hagerstown (if any such there be), as Mr. 
Thomas Henrie has gone from there. Write Tedd to come to Cham- 
Vtersburg by Pittsburg and Harrisburg at once. He can stop off the 
Pittsburg road at Hudson, and go to Jason's for his trunk. Write Car- 
penter and Hazlett that we are all right and ready as soon as we can 
get our boarding house fixed, when we will write them to come on, and 
by what route. I will pay Hazlett the money he advanced to Ander- 
son for expenses traveling. Find yourself a comfortable cheap board- 
ing house at once. Write I. Smith & sons at Harper's Ferry. Enquire 
after your four Cleveland friends, and have them come on to Chambers- 
burg, if they are on the way ; if not on the road, have them wait till we 
get a little better prepared. Be careful what you write to all person*. Do 
not send or bring any more persons here until we advise you of our 
readiness to board them. 

[The above is in the hand of old Brown, and was probably intended 
for Kagi, alias " I. Henrie, Esq." On the back of the original, in pencil, 
is a rough topographical drawing of the country from Chambersburg 
towards Harper's Ferry. This was probably done by Kagi, as the 
names of the towns and other places along the route are in his hand.] 




isr>9. No. U R E E T I X G . 6. 

Head Quahters War Department, 1:^~ 
Near Harper's Ferry, Md. \5? 

Whereas (Hirer Itrmm has been nominated a Captain in the army 
established under the Provisional Constitution, now, therefore, in pitf* 
suance of the authority vested in us by said Constitution, we do hereby 
appoint and commission the said (Hirer Jiroirn a Captain. 

Given at the office of the Secretary of War this Ort. loth, 18o&. 

John Brown, 
Commander in Chief. 
II. Kaci, Secretary of War. 

[The above document is printed in the original, with the exception O* 
the words and figures which I have underscored, which are in th"» e 
writing of Kagi, with the exception of the signature of John Browz^*? 
which is in his own hand.] 

Harper'? Ferry, Aug. 18th, \ r >9. 

Dear Sir : 

We have all agreed to sustain vour decisions until vou have 

prorrd incompetent, and many of us will adhere to your decisions as long 

as you will. 

Vour Friend, 

Owen Smith. 
[Endorsed in old Brown's writing, ik Owen Smith's Letter. r ] 


Xortii Elba, Aug. 17th, 1859. 
Dear Brother John : 

We received your letter of the 7th August last 

night. Were very glad to hear that vou were all well, and that vou 

were laboring in that glorious cause. May the Lord abundantly bless 

all the laborers. It is a long time since I have written to you. I have 

thought for several weeks that I would certainly write this week, but 

something has ever prevented me. I have a great deal to do this sum- 


mer. All are well. I suppose you have heard that Bell has a little 1859. 
boy. He is a fine little fellow, and one of the best natured children I 
ever saw. Watson named him Frederick before he went away. We all 
feel pleased that he gave him that name. You have no doubt heard 
that Watson, Oliver, Martha, and Owen have gone to Pa. We have 
very dry weather, but crops look very promising. Henry returned last 
^ght from Mt. Marcy, where he has been as a guide for some gentry. I 
***ve many things to write about, but I have not time. I could not 
^sutany longer. Will write again soon. You may send this to Father 
*f you please. Let us hear from you again. 

In haste, your affectionate sister, 


[Endorsed " Ruth Thompson's Letter to John Smith," in old Brown's 


Chambersburg, Pa., 

A. M., Thursday, Aug. 11, 1869. 
Messrs. I. Smith and Others: 

Oaks and Caufraan have notified me that they have received 15 
Boxes of freight marked to your address, with about $85 (eighty-five 
Dollars) charges all told. 

I await your directions in the matter. 


I. Henrie. 

[Endorsed " I. Henrie's letter " by Brown.] 


Received, Collinsville, June 4th, 1859, of John Brown, on contract of 

1857, one Hundred and fifty dollars. 

Chas. Blatr. 

[Endorsed by Brown, " Charles Blair's Receipt."] 


Collinsville Ct., June 10th, 1859. 
Friend Brown: 

Your favor of the 7th was duly rece'd, with the draft on 
K. York for $300. I have made arrangements to have the goods finished 
up as soon as possible. The only man I could think of in this vicinity 


1859. who is in situation to do it I have agreed with. But he would not agr<ee 
to get them all out in less than eight weeks. Perhaps he can finish u*P 
one-half the number soon if you desire it. But he has positively agre^^d 
to have them all out in Eight weeks. I find that some of the hand! <^es 
have come up missing, and I shall not be able to make out more th^H-n 
about 950. Considering the delay and the extra trouble I am to be ^mJi, 
I think you will be satisfied with that number. I could have finish^^d 
them when I had been under way for much less than I can now. 
Wishing you peace and prosperity, I remain, 

Yours Truly, 

Chas. Blair. 

[Endorsed, "Charles Blair's Receipt for $300," by Brown and directe^^ 
in Blair's handwriting, "Old John Brown." There is no envelope.] 



Hkad Quarters War Department, 
Near Harper's Ferry, Md. 

Whereas Watson Brown has been nominated a Captain in the army 
established under the Provisional Constitution — 

Now, therefore, In pursuance of the authority vested in us by said 
constitution, We do hereby appoint and commission the said Watson 
Brown a Captain. 

Given at the office of the Secretary of War this day, Oct 15th, 1859. 

John Brown, Commander-in-chief. 
H. Kagi, Secretary of War. 


Chambersburg, P., 30th June, 1859. 

John Hexrie, Esq'r: 

Dear Sir: 

We leave here to-day for Harper's Ferry (via) Hagers- 

t-own. When you get these you had best look on the Hotel register for 

I. Smith and Sons without making much enquiry. We shall be looking 

for cheap lands near the Rail Road in all probability. 

You can write 1. Smith and Sons at Harper's Ferry should you need 

to do so. 

Yours in Truth, 

I. Smith. 



Syracuse, N. York, Thursday, Aug. 17th. 1859. 1860. 

Friend Hekrie: 

I am here to-day so far on my way back from Boston, 
whither I went on Friday last. Found our Syracuse friend there, but 
his engagements were such that he could not possibly leave until yester- 
day morning. We reached here about 12 o'clock last night. While in 
Boston I improved the time in making the acquaintance of those staunch 

friends of our friend Isaac. First called on Dr. H , who, though I 

had no letter of introduction, received me most cordially. He gave me 
a letter to the friend who does business in Milk street. Went with him 
to his home in Med ford and took dinner. The last word he said to me 
was, a tell friend (' Isaac ') that we have the fullest confidence in his en- 
deavor, whatever may be the result" I have met with no man on whom 
I think more implicit reliance may be placed. He views matters from 
the standpoints of reason and principle, and I think his firmness is un- 

The friend at Concord I did not see, he was absent from home. The 
othere here will, however, communicate with him. They were all in 
short very much gratified, and have had their faith and hopes much 
strengthened. Found a number of earnest and warm friends whose 
sympathies and theories do not exactly harmonize, but in spite of them- 
selves their hearts will lead their heads. Our Boston friends thought it 
better that our old friend from Syracuse should accompany me in my 
journey northward. I shall leave in an hour or two for Rochester, 
where I shall finish this letter. 

1 am very glad I went to Boston, as all the friends were of the opinion 
that our friend " I " was in another part of the world, if not in another 
sphere. Our cause is their cause in the fullest sense of the word. 

Rochester, Thursday eve., Aug. 17th, 1859. 

On my way up to our friend's house, I met his son Lewis, who in- 
forms me that his father left here on Tuesday, via N. York and Philad'a, 
to make you a visit. Mr. L. will come on to-night in the 1.30 train, 
when we shall go right on north. That other young friend went on 
from here to visit you yesterday. He will take a more direct route. 
Do not know as I have anything further to say now. My warmest re- 
gards to all our friends. 

Faithfully yours, 


[Endorsed by Brown, 4< John Smith Letter to I. Heurie."] 



1859 ' Chambersburg, Pa., 

Saturday, Aug. 27, 1859- 
Isaac Smith: 

I to-day received the enclosed letter and check ($50) : 
One box of freight from Akron has arrived; Weight about 275 lh^« ; 
chatges, $3.50. 

The goods remaining at O. & K's, and those at E. & Co.'s have be^s 11 
started ; were taken from here yesterday morning. They should ha ^' e 
arrived at your place last night The box, I neglected to say, is ^* 
O. & K's. I also send letter from John Smith. 

I. Henrie. 

[Endorsed by old Brown, " I. Hen He's Letter.''] 


West Andover, Ashtabula Co., Ohio, 

Friday, Sept. 2nd, 1859. 
Friend Henrie: 

I reached home day before yesterday and have since 

been busy writing to u our folks" both in C. and nearer home. Have 
sent off letters to Dr. B. at D., to C m, and to Baxton, and to Hamil- 
ton, to P r in N. Y., and this morning to F. B. S. at Concord, Mass. 

In all of these letters I have forward the Vastest word from your region. 

Friend L y at Ob will be on hand soon. Mr. C. H. L n will 

do all he can here, but his health is bad. " I. D. H." I did not see, but 

L n thought would be right on. Mrs. Sturdevant is a working 

woman ; any thing she can do she will take hold of in earnest. Write 
her if you get time. Jas. Smith is marrying a wife, " and therefore can- 
not come." John L n at Ob., brother of C. H. L., sympathizes 

strongly, and will work hard. Ralph, also I think. I shall start out 
soon to try to get some means in the way Father suggested when here 
to help on the cause ; in the mean time I wish he would remit me some 
more means — say $25 or $30 — as I had only enough left to get back 
with, and 1 have to purchase the material to winter my little stock on 
since I was absent, and on this business during the haying season. 
Am greatly rejoiced that the 15 Boxes freight are ail through safe, as that 
was the most important part. Surely as Father says, **a good 

Providence seems to lead us." How was our " R v " friend Pleased, 

you say he returned. I wish to know in what " frame of mind." 

Enclosed is a letter to W e, which came under cover to me. Don't 

fail to keep me fully advised, as through me you can reach the faithful 


Kkrew I Itave been. I will write very often. The last letter I sent you 185». 
from Sandusky, O. 

With warmest regards to each and all, 



[Endorsed by old Brown, " I. S., Jr., answered.' 1 ] 


Chambers!*! :ro, Pa., Monthly, July 18th, 18X9. 
Dkar Sirs : 

I have just received the following : 

"Colunsville, July 12* I860. 
Messrs. 1. Smith & Sons : 

We are in receipt of a letter from , in which is the price- 
list of Collins Co.'s tools forwarded to you. I have made enquiry of 
their agent concerning the matter. He says that their business is all 
done through their commission house in New York, and to them he 
wishes me to refer you. Their address is Collins iv. Co., 212 Water 
street, New York. 

Yours respectfully, 

Ciiarlks C. Bl.AIK. 

I wrote to Tidd one week ago to-day, several days before receiving 
your letter directing me to do so, and enclosing letter to II. Lindsley, 
whicb I forwarded by first mail. None of your things have yet arrived. 
The R. R. from Harrishurg here does no freight business itself, That all 
being done by a number of Forwarding Houses which run private 
freight cars. 1 have requested each of these (there are six or eight of 
them) to give me notice of the arrival of anything for you. 

I am your ob't ser't, 

I. Hknrik. 
I. "Smith & Sons, Harper's Ferry, Va. 

[Endorsed by Old Brown, " I. Henrie's letter/' The original of the 
letter copied in the body of the above is among the papers found at 
Brown's house, and from it I am enabled to supply the blank which Kagi 
designedly left in the second line. It is "John Brown, Esq'r/'] 



1859. Collin8VILLE, Or., Aug. 27th, 185& 

Messrs. I. Smith & Sons: 

Your favor of the 24th inst. is at hand. In reply I would s 
that I have not yet forwarded any part of the freight spoken of, E 
shall forward the whole the last of next week. It was all to have be 
ready the 10th of August, But in consequence of some delay in obtai 
ing some valuable castings the work has been delayed, And I thought 
best to send the whole at once, as it would cause me some trouble 
make more than one shipment, as the work is being done several mil 
from this place. The man who is finishing up the work assures me th 
it will all be ready the last of next week. I will advise the day thai 
send it forward. 

Respectfully yours, 

Chas. Blair. 

[Endorsed by Brown, ki Charles Blair's letter."] 


John Henrie, Esq.: 

Dear Sir: 

I wish you to give such explanations to our friends as 

our situation here, as after advising with Owen you will be enabled 

do. We can, of course, do nothing to purpose till our freight is most 

received. You know also that it takes a great deal longer to start sor 

folk 8 than it does others. It will be distressing in many trays to have 

lot of hands for many days out of employ. We must have time to g 

on our freight, and also to get on some who are at a distance, befo 

calling on those who are ready and waiting. We must make up our 1 

of hands as nearly at one and the same time as possible. Do not u 

much paper to put names of persons and places uppon. Send bai 

won^ about the price of board with you. 

Respectfully Yours, 

I. Smith. 

[This letter was written by old Brown. There is no envelope to 
by which the date can be ascertained, although it was probably writt* 
in September, 1859. On the back in the following address: " Job 
Henrie, Esq'r, Chambersburg, Pa."] 



Harper's Ferry, Va., 10th Sept '59. 1859. 

I. Hexrie, Esq-'r : 

Please forward enclosed at once, and write us on first 

arrival of freight, or of hands to work on the job. 

Yours, <fcc. t 

I. Smith & Sons. 


Boston, Mass., May 16th, 1859. 
I. H. Kagi, Esq'r : 

Dear Sir : 

I should have acknowledged the receipt of yours of April 
2l8t to Henry Thompsqn, together with writing case and papers (all 
safe, so far as I now see), and also your's of the 27th April to me, but 
for being badly down with ague, so much as to disqualify me for every 
thing nearly. I have been here going on two weeks, and am getting 
better for two days past, but am very weak. I wish you to say to our 
folks, all as soon as may be, that there is scarce a doubt but that all will 
setright in a few days more, so that I can be on my way back. They 
moat none of them think I have been slack to try and urge forward a 
delicate and very difficult matter. 

I can not now write you a long letter, being obliged to neglect reply- 
ing to others, and also to put off some very important correspondence. 
My reception has been everywhere most cordial and cheering. 

Your Friend in truth, 

John Brown. 


Westport, N. Y., 16th April, 1859. 
I H. Kagi, Esq'r : 

Dear Sir: 

I am here awaiting a conveyance to take me home. 

Have been quite prostrated almost the whole time since you left me 

at John's, with the difficulty in my head and ear, and with the ague in 

consequence. Am now some better. Had a good visit at Rochester, but 

did not effect much much. Had a first rate time at Peterboro. Got of 

Mr. S. and others $160 nearly, and a note (which, I think, a good one) 

for 1285. Mr. S. wrote Eastern friends to make up at least $2000, saying 




1859. he was in for one-fifth the amount. I feel encouraged to believe it will 
soon be done, and wish you to let our folks all around understand how 
the prospects are. Still it will be some days (and it may be weeks) 
before I can get ready to return. I shall not be idle. If you have 
found my writing case and papers, please forward them without delay, by 
Express, to Henry Thompson, North Elba, Essex co., N. Y., care of 
James A. Allen, Westport, N. York. 

Your Friend in truth, 


[Endorsed in Kagi's hand, " Ans's to Henry Thompson." Also in one 
corner, in pencil, by the same hand, the following : " The Roving Edi- 
tor, or Talks with Slaves in the Southern States. By James Red path, 
New York, 12mo., pp. 349, $1.00;" besides a quantity of writing in 
stenographic cipher.] 


Co. Md., 2d Aug., 1869. 
Dear Sir: 

{No time has yet been lost) If our friends can find some kind 
of employment about or near you, so as to pay for their board and wash- 
ing untili the freight gets on, it will save a good deal of expense and some 
exposure. We can take care of them here, but they will be compelled to be 
perfectly idle, and must not be seen about us. Everything is exactly right, 
if we can only avoid suspicion, but we shall be obliged to conceal any 
increace of numbers, as we cannot find a good excuse for having a 
larger company. People are very curious about our business. We must 
not fail of the purchase now. 

[On the back of the original slip, in the middle of the following addi- 
tion : " Please notify all to move, if they are impatient, but to wait a few 
days more if not extremely so." The left hand corner of the paper con- 
taining the name of the county is torn off.] 


Washington Co., Md., 6th Aug., 1869. 
Dear friends all: 

I wrote to have the freight sent on the 5th of July, 
and am disappointed in not having it started till so late a date. • My 
intention was to try and get hands collected and freight on as near 
together as possible, and I hope that may yet be brought about in some 


a good measure. I want all to exercise patience. Nothing of any account i860. 

I can be effected without it, and I can assure you all that I have had my 

I own patience tried a number of times. I hope George G. will so far 

f redeem himself as to try and do his duty after all. I shall rejoice over 

"one that repenteth." There should come a box of Bedding, &c, from 

Jason. I want to know at once as soon as John's first shipment arrives, 

as about that time we shall need to collect hands here. I was sorrv 

about the mistake by which Mr. C. was parted from 0. on the way back. 

He has not come on, and we suppose he found his way to you again. 

Everything seems exactly right, and will be so, I have no doubt, if our 

own imprudence and folly do not secure a failure. As to what I have 

written about George, I do not mean to be severe. I think the best way 

for every man is promptly to straighten up whenever he sees his wrong. 

Yours in truth. 

[The above is in the handwriting of old Brown. The George G.- re- 
ferred to is George B. Gill, one of the Provisional government party at 
Chatham, and at one time Secretary of the Treasury. Among the effects 
of the Insurgents found at Brown's house, near Harper's Ferry, is a 
small morocco-bound pocket journal with the name of George B. Gill 
in it and various entries in the form of a diary, from which it appears 
that this person went from Phil'a Aug. 26th, 1851, and shipped from 
New York soon after on a whaling voyage. He appears at times to have 
indulged in poetry. Tidd speaks of him in his diary as Dr. Gill.] 


Wkst Andover, Asiita. Co., O., 
( Wednesday), July 27th, 1850. 

Friend Henrie: 

I yesterday went to Harts town with the balance of 
the hardware castings. They consist, all told, of 15 Boxes, numbered 1 
to 15, thus: No. 1, No. 2, &c, and marked I. Smith & Sons, Chambers- 
burg, Pa. By R. R'd via Pittsburg and Harrishurg. The household 
stuff will soon follow. These latter boxes will be numbered [A], [B], 
<fcc. It is almost impossible to get teams to do hauling, for owing to the 
drouth grass is drying up, and every horse and man is busy. You may 
be assured it has cost no small amount of labor, both of head and hands, 
to get this lot of freight so far on its way "all right." I enclose to you 
some cards of King & Brothers ; you may find them of some use to 
3 r ou. If they succeed in disposing of that Territory, you will, of course, 
need all the Cast Iron patterns for their Post that I have sent you. 


IS.M). Let me know of the safe arrival of this freight. 

All well, fin haste.) 

Your friend, 

John Smith. 

[The above letter, to Kagi, is by John Brown, Jr., and is endorsed h/ 
his father, "John Smith letter.' 1 The u King A* Bros." are mauufac^ 
hirers of u Iron Fence Posts " at West Andover, Ashtabula Co., O.] 

West Andovkk. Ashtabula County, Ohio, 

Thursday morning, Sept. 8tli, 1859. 
Fkiknd Hknrik: 

I yesterday eve reee'd yours of ik Friday, Sept. 2nd,'' 
and 1 not only hasten to reply, hut hasten to lay its contents before 
those who are interested. Through those associations which I formed 

in C , I am, through the corresponding SVt'ys of each, able to reach 

each iadividaal member at the *horte*t notice hij letter, 

I am derotiiift m;f whole time to oar row/**/*// Irani nc**. Shall immedi- 
ately go out organizing and raising funds. From what /even had un- 
derstood, 1 had supposed you would not think it best to commence 
opening the coal banks before spring unless circumstances should make 
it important. However, I suppose the reasons are satisfactory to you, 
and if so those who own similar shares ought not to object. I hope we 
shall be able to get on in season some of those old miners of whom 1 
wrote you. Shall strain every nerve to accomplish this. You may be 
assured that what you say to me will reach those who may be benefitted 
thereby, and those who would take stock, in the shortest possible time: 
ho don't fail to keep me posted. My Initials, simply under cover to 
Horace, will answer just as well, and perhaps better. Please remember 
this, hid the last shipment of (> Boxes and 1 chest of Household goods 

safely arrive? How did the mining prosjx'rt seem to strike our R r 

friend; in short, was his faith increased in the practicality and profit of 
the work, and how much stock did he take? I some think of ex- 
hibiting a specimen of the Fence at Cleveland Fair in October, about the 
first of the month, 1 believe, and I inav direct vou to write me there in 
care of the friends with whom vou used to board. When in Cleveland 
I made their acquaintance; am pleased with them. Mrs. S. thought *he 
could do something, even though her husband was too much absorbed 
in other business. She might, I think, invest profitably, and would be 
a good stockholder. You might drop her a line through me, if you 
think better than to her direct. I feel that it is all important that you 
should have that wire from the East, and hope you will not have to 


make any fence without it. The specimens put up here are beautiful. is.v.». 
Our castings cost us here not less than 3 cents per pound. If our plan 
Mirweds, I think the cost might be materially lessened. 

kwt night we had a smart frost. Can not say how much the (torn i.s 
injured. No field that I have seen is out of the way of frost yet. 
Tliereis a general dearth of news in this region. By the way, 1 notice 
through the " Cleveland Leader " that •' ()U\ Brown " is again figuring 
in Kansas. Well, every dog must have his day, and he will, no doubt, 
find the end of his tether. Did you ever know of such a high-handed 
piece of business. However, it is just like him. The Black Hepubli- 
<-ans } some of them may wink at such things, but I tell you, friend 
Henrie, he's too salt a dose for many of them to swallow, and I can 
already see symptoms of division in their ranks. We are bound to roll 
up a good stiff majority for our side this Fall. I will send you here- 
with the item referred to which I dipt from the '• Leader." Give best 

regards to all, and believe me 

Faithfullv vours, 

•Jo! IX. 

[The extract pasted to the bottom of the letter is as follows : 

"Old Brown "— Release of Dr. Doy. 

It is intimated that Dr. Doy owes his release from prison at St. Joseph 
to the presence of the brave Ossawattomie Brown in Kansas. The 
marked coolness, firmness, sagacit}', and success of the deed bespeak 
u 01d Brown's" work. It was planned and executed by a leader of 
daring character, and whose audacity in bearding the slaveholders in 
their den had been rendered matchless by experience. 

The reward of $3,000 offered some months ago by the Governor of 
Missouri for the capture of Captain Brown is a tempting one, but the 
Missourians do not appear to- be very anxious to make the special 
acquaintance of the hero of Black Jack, Oesawatomie and Fort Scott." 
The Mrs. S. referred to in the above letter is probably Mrs. Sturdevant, 
of Cleveland. This letter is endorsed in old Brown's hand, k - J. S., Jr., 


Our friend from Concord called with your note. I begin 

the investment with fifty dollars enclosed, and will try to do more 
through friends. 


[Endorsed by old Brown, "Dr. S. G. 1 1. ! s letter."' Supposed to be Dr. 
.S. G. Howe, of Boston. The top of the original torn off.] 



1HM. West Andovkr, 0., 

Saturday, July 23rd, 1869. 
I. Henrik, Esq'r, 

Chambersburg, Pa. : 

Dear Sir: 

Your favor of July 15, enclosing a brief note from I. 
Smith & Co. is rec'd. Will preserve the list, hut as yet have rece'd no 
letter with instructions, or as to when, how, &c. 

Please say to Esq'r Smith that I yesterday forwarded to canal at 
Hnrtstown, Pa., 11 Boxes "Hardware and castings" from King <fe Bros. 
They are numbered and marked thus, No. 1 to 11. "By R. R'd via 
Pittsburg and Harrisburg. I. Smith & Sons, Chambersburg. Pa." Shall 
send balance Hardware, &c, on Monday next No. 8 and No. 9 are those 
which were on store with E. A. F. at Linderville. Mr. Smith will re- 
member His Household goods I shall send along as fast as possible. 
The letter asking me to retain the Drafts came too late. I had got them 

Write often, directing to John Smith under cover to Horace Lindsley 
us before. Let me know if those goods came through safely. 

Please say to Mr. S — I am still ready to serve. 

Very Respectfully, &c, 

John Smith. 

[Endorsed by Old Brown, "John Smith's letter to I. Henry.' 1 ] 


Boston, DccaiJxr 23rd, 1858. 

I>kai< Sik: 

1 have heard vaguely of your general purpose, and have 
boon necking definite information for some time past, and now Mr. Red- 
path and Mr. Hinton have told me of your contemplated action, in 
which 1 wish to join you to act in any capacity you wish to place me, 
ait far as my small capacities go. 

1 am now about starting for Hayti with Mr. Redpath to pass the win- 
tor there, and I shall return in time for all movements. In case you 
ahoithi accept my services, I would return at any time you might wish 
mo to, and in the spring at any rate. 

U there any thing it woul^he well for me to study meanwhile? Of 
iHiurne I shall pay all my expenses, and shall acquire the use of the 
proper tools for the work which 1 have bought 


Any letters addressed to the care of my Grandfather, Francis Jack- 1&59. 
,, I »n, 31 Hollis St., Boston ? 

r^t I already consider this the whole present business of my life. I am 
entirely free from any family ties which would impede my action. I 
iru much disappointed in not meeting you in Kansas last winter with a 
letter of recommendation from Wendell Phillipps. 

Immediately on my return in the spring I should wish to be employed 
many manner to be of service to you, and if convenient to go through 
your system of training, which I propose studying. 


Francis I. Mertam. 

(The above has no direction that I can discover. The name " S. Mor- 
gan " is written on the back, but in a different hand from Miriam's.] 


Cleveland, Augvrt 22, '5.9. 
My Dear I. Henrie: 

I wrote you immediately on recept of your last 

letter, then went up to Oberlin to see Leary. I saw Smith, Davis, and 

Mitchell ; they all promised and that's all. Leary wants to provide for 

his family, Mitchell to lay his crop by ; and all make such excuses until 

I am disgusted with myself and the whole negro set, God dam em ! 

If you was here your influence would do something, but the moment 
you are gone all my speaking don't amount to anything. 

I will speak to Smith to-day. I know that Mitchell hasn't got the 
money, and I have tried to sell my farm, and everything else, to raise 
money, but have — yet raised a cent. Charlie Langdon saya " it is too 
bad " ; but what he will do, if anything, I don't know. I wish you 
would write to him, for I believe he can do more good than I. Please 
write to him immediately, and I will give up the thing to him. I 
think, however, nothing will inspire them with sufficient confidence 
unless you come. I will, however, do all I can. 


Charlie goes to see Leary to-day. 

[The " I. H. H." is supposed to be I. H. Harris.] 

I. H. H. 


It must be abolished by war. Peaceful abolition would result in a war 
of races. Slaves will grow in war and fit themselves for equality. A 
Republic cannot abolish it Slavery and its increase a bribe. 

[The above in the handwriting of Kagi is found on a small slip of 




Offices filled. 

Com. -in-chief, 
Sec. of War, 

Members of Cong., 

Treasurer, - 
Sec. Treas., - 
Sec. State, - 

John Brown. 

I. H. Kagi. 

( Alfred M. Ellsworth. 
( Osborne Anderson. 

Owen Brown. 

George B. Gill, (vacant). 

Richard Realf, (vacant). 


Appointed by convention with power to elect the other officers. 

John Brown, 
I. H. Kagi, 
C. P. Tidd, 
C. Whipple, 
Owen Brown, 
W. H. Seeman, 
Richard Realf, 

C. W. Moffett, 
John E. Cook, 
Steward Taylor, 
Osborn Anderson, 
A.-M. Ellsworth, 
Richard Richardson, 
John Lawrence, 

L. P. Parsons. 

Offices to fid. 


Sec. State. 

Sec. Treas. 

Judges of S. Court, 3 — 2. 

Members of Cong. 10 — 5. 

[The foregoing is in the handwriting of Kagi, and was probably 
at Chatham in 1858; see No. 13.] 


Bedford, Pa., June 87thy 1< 
John Hknrik, Esq'r: 
Dkak Sir: 

We go from this place to Chambersburg, where yo 
find Anderson and Thee Smiths, or a line directed to yourself at th 
Office. Wo are making some good arrangements. 

Yours in truth, 

[Written by old Brown.] 




Harpers Ferry, Va., 12th My, 1859. 1859. 

Dear Sir : 

Please mail enclosed letter at Chambersburg by first oppor- 
tunity. Also please write Charles Moffett as well as Tidd, to come on to 
Chambersburg, as I think we shall be ready for them as soon as they 
get on. All well. Say nothing of my whereabouts at jyreaent. 

Yours in haste, 

I. Smith and Sons. 

[Endorsed by Brown, "John Henrie, Esq'r, Chambersburg, Pa.'*] 



Monday , July 18th, 1859. 
Dear Father: 

Yours dated at Chambersburg, Pa., July 5th, and mailed 
at Troy, N. Y., July 7th, and also yours of the 8th with enclosed Drafts 
for $100, 1 rece'd in due season. Am here to-day to get drafts cashed. 
Have now got all my business so arranged that I can devote my time 
for the present entirely to any business you may see fit to entrust me. 
Shall immediately ship your freight as you directed, most probably by 
canal from Harts town (formerly Hurts cross Roads, Crawford Co.,) to 
the river at Rochester, Pa. (formerly Beaver), thence by R. R'd via Pitts- 
burg, <fcc, as you directed. 

Shall hold myself in readiness to go North on any business you 
choose to direct or confide in my hands. All well. Have two or three 
letters from N. E. which I will forward to " I. H." 

In haste, 

Your affectionate son, 

John Smith. 

[" John Smith's Letters," endorsed by Old Brown. Also the follow- 
ing in the handwriting of Kagi : Chambersburg, July 22, Friday. Dear 
Sir : I rece'd the within and another for Oliver to-day. I thought best 
not to send the other. It is from his wife. There are other reasons 
which I need not name now. Have had no other letter from any one. 

I. Henrie.] 



XV v>lll\«.m\ Co.. Mi»., ///// Any., JS'tfK 


» ■ «. 

^■* .ui»ii^ Tuesday evening all right with Jettons, Ale I l 
..■rtixj^ii.iin^ except on business nf tin (b. trill be <ln>)#*1 
^ ... i . *vr\ om* must write some yirl or wmi' other extra 
.» ., *i -^ * <•» • ■ ■' -'ur location, and telling (//* *nm Imn ihmv) all 

v * .nU«\ *v nii^hl as well get the whole published /// «wv in 

,*. nc-i ' *< ■UiH.ti. Any person is a stupid Fool who expects his 

.^ „x v»*v " *■■'• *' tK%l which he cannot keep himself. All our 

,v ,.^ ■.»■*■ ■•* •' >»» '•• ' *i<' m i*il trirntis, and they ayainhan -their* ; and 

....: * . v -»vii 'v* Uy the burden of keeping a secret on any one, 

* \*n;^"Ui£ I ♦*•»"' — tell you of some reasons I have for 

„ », *\» vvii»N jn this point. I do not say this on account of any 

. . ..,*. ■ \jm. ' ^\ua' anv — vou of. 

>., . .vi* \*i\f% 'Afuf on from North K. on Saturday last. He sure 
tv x v .* * ,%.i\»hm£ «>f interest. 

Yours in truth. 
Vli v i, he handwriting of Old Brown.] 


Akuox, Ohio, Any. J 2th. \;,9. 

v .* «w v\ of clothing vesterdav as directed. Bv mis- 
,\ wsit A'Uer was not put into our box, and I did not 
^o- -i^5»' ^ ims * s tno r ^ ason u *hv the box was not 
u. x\ ■« the r. O. is No. 41J. 

Yours Re*|>ectfull\\ 


;%l < .>vU<^ vMvl Browns endorsement.] 

NX s . ^ v is ^KvaKs Will vou please come up withmv son 

^ % ^4-KUi ^«K me? 

N * fcu hs^U\ x ours truly, 

Frkdkkick Don; lass. 




Akron, O m Aug. 25th, 1869. !«»• 

fiTH and Sons: 

Your letter of 17th I got yesterday. I had sent the box some- 
ago, and wrote you at the time directing the box as you told me 
;he line as above. Your first letter I did not get till it was adver- 

By mistake at the office it was not put into one box, (No. 412.) 
ire glad to hear that you are well and your prospects so good, 
i is sick, she was confined about 2 weeks ago, over a month before 
ime, the child was born dead — Ellen is quite weak and feeble, but 
ik she will get about before long. 

Your Friend, 


irected "I. Smith & Sons," and endorsed in Old Brown's hand 
3n Smith's letter."] 


Keene, N. Y., 9th June, 1859. 
snrie, Esq'r: 
:ar Sir: 

After being delayed with sickness and other hinderances. 

so far on my way back, and hope to be in Ohio within the coming 

Will you please advise the friends all of the fact, and say to them 

as soon as I do reach I will let them know where I will be found. 

re been middling successful in my business. 

Yours in truth, 

John Brown. 


West Andover, Astabula Co., Ohio, 
Sunday eve, August 7th, 1869. 
nd I. H.: 

I leave to-morrow (Monday) for my northern tour. Have 
jeded admirably in getting the freight started in good shape, in short 
right." Saw Mr. W. yesterday. Win. H. L. was here a day or two 
i. They will start in a couple of weeks, unless they hear from you 
e meantime to the contrary. Have written you three letters before 
Have reed, the Drafts for two hundred. The last shall probably 
ashed in Rochester — perhaps at Ashtabula. If you wish to com- 


IHftt). mutiicate with me before I return write to my wife under cover to Hd 
L. as heretofore, and she will forward to me at Chatham. 

I yesterday gave W. $6, which in addition to the $20 which our friea 
S. gave him will enable the three to meet their traveling expenses. Sha.Jl 
write you quite often while away. 

The first lot of freight of 15 boxes I presume has reached you er«? 
this. The last (6 boxes and 1 chest) will not be many days behind thenm- 

AU well. 

Very truly, <fcc, 

John Smith. 

[Endorsed by Old Brown, "John Smith's letter to I. Henrie."] 


$10.00. Brooklyn, August J 8th, '59. 

Khtkkmkd Fkikno : 

1 glad — avail myself of the opportunity offered 
by our friend, Mr. F. Douglas**, who has just called upon us previous to 
bin visit to you to enclose to you for the good cause in which you are 
Hiich u zealous laborer, a small amount, which please accept with my 
most ardent wishes for it and your benefit. The visit of our mutual 
Friend Douglas has somewhat revived my rather drooping spirits in the 
cause, but seeing such arabitiqn and enterprise in him, I am again en- 
couraged, with best wishes for your wellfare and prosperity, and the 
good of your Cause, I subscribe myself 

Your sincere friend, 

Mk8. E. A. Gloucester. 

IMviiho write to me, with best respects to your son. 

[Fndorsed by old Brown, "E. A. Gloucester's Letter."] 


IImIqu Cars leave Tremont House every half hour; get out at Jamaica 
I'Uiu*, and enquire for house of George R. Russell. The steam cars 
\vw\v I'rovidtmct' Depot. Get out at the Jamaica Plain station. 

I'lW ahuvo it* found on a half sheet of note paper among Brown's 




Chambersburg, Aug. 30th, 1859. 
: Smith: 

ar Sir: 

I received the enclosed by this afternoon's mail. Sent the 

•and draft from H. to you on Saturday. From what I wrote then, 
iect to see Owen to-morrow. If I had a little money for expenses, 
lk I could do some good out of town for two or three days, but it 
>e too late to get any from you. Your tools were all finished and 
» 0. & K.'s warehouse to-day. I shall look for a letter from Col- 
lie by day after to-morrow at father's. 



I. Henrie. 

Isaac Smith " means old Brown. The letter is endorsed by him, 
[enrie'e Letter " in his usual way.] 


William Charles Monroe, 

President of the Convention. 

G. I. Reynolds, 
I. C. Grant, 
A. I. Smith, 
James M. Jonep , 
George B. Gill, 
M. F. Bailey, 
W. Lambert, 
S. Hun ton, 
C. W. Moffett, 
Job J. Jackson, 
Osborn Anderson, 
Alfred Whipper, 
James M. Bell, 
VV. H. Seeman, 
Alfred M. Ellsworth, 
John E. Cook, 
Steward Taylor, 

Jas. W. Purnell. 
George X Akin, 


Robinson Alexander. 
Richard Realf, 
Thomas F. Cary, 
Richard Richardson, 
L. F. Parsons, 
Thomas M. Kinnard, 
M. R. Delaney, 
Robert Van Vruken, 
Thos. W. Stringer, 
Charles P. Tedd, 
John A. Thomas, 
C. Whipple, 
I. D. Shadd, 
Robert Newman, 
Owen Brown, 
John Brown, 
I. H. Harris, 


Chas. X Smith, 


Simon X Fisher, 



1859. Stephen Ditten, Isaac Hobbar, 

lias CAitman, Thos. Hickerson, 


James X Smith, John Connel, 


J. H. Kagi, 
Secretary of the Convention. 

[The above is a copy from a half sheet of letter paper supposed to 
have been part of the Provisional Constitution adopted at Chatham in 
18.58. The signatures are, or appear to be, in the handwriting of th« 
different persons whose names are appended. The words, " President o>f 
the Convention," after Monroe's name, are in the handwriting of Kagi.^J 


The General Staff of the Com. in chief will be complete by estab- 
lishing in addition to the Constitutional provisions the office of Com- 
missary Gen. 

[The above, copied from a scrap of paper not found by the Trans- 
criber till the last, is in the handwriting of Kagi in the original, and 
evidently belongs to the document numbered 21.] 


Elizabethtown, Essex Co., N. Y., 

Oct 21st, 1859. 

I received yours of the 18th inst. to-day. John Brown came with 

his family to reside in this Co. from Massachusetts in 1849 or '50. He 

had some time before that resided in Ohio, where he now has a son 

living, 1 believe. Gerrit Smith, about the time he came here to live, 

gave away a large tract of wild land of little value to a large number of 

colored persons, and it was supposed Brown came here to aid them in 

settling. He lived on a farm in their vicinity, and his family now 

reside there, and have done so since they first came to the county. Most 

of the colored persons left in a short time. Brown was away a good 

share of the time during that year, and was only here once until May 

last, when he came tack in co, with one Anderson, said to l>e from Iowa. 

They staid here about three weeks ; both went away together, and were 

gone some time ; ln>th came l*ack ami staid a few days, and then left 

together, and have not been ba^k since, either of them. Before B. came 

here to live he was engaged in the wool trade in Co. with another man, 


and it ia said they failed. He went to Europe for a wool dealer in is.v». 
Massachusetts Home 7 or S years ago. Brown and his family sustained 
the character of good citizens while they were or have been in the Co., 
with the exception of his Kansas operations and his |>olitical views in 
regard to them; he was considered deranged. I have known Brown 
ever since he first came to the County, and have seen him frequently 
since then whenever he has been at home. He always had money, 
sometimes in considerable amounts, although his farm was not consid- 
ered a very valuable one. His wife is living with two children. Me 
lias a (laughter married to on Thompson, brother, it is supposed, to the 
one killed at Harper's Ferry the 17th inst. Brown had no confidents 
here outside of his family or their connexions. I have written thus 
hastily so that it would go by the next mail. Any further information 
1 would be pleased to furnish that you may wish that is known in this 
region in regard to him. 

Yours Respectfully, 

S. C. lhYYKH. 

Hon. A. R. Boteler, Shcpherdstown, Va. 

P. S. — It is reported that his family have been looking for some news 
in regard to Brown in the papers. 

[Among the papers are several letters from Cincinnati, <)., in steno- 
graphic cipher, apparently from the house of 1/ongly A: Brothers, Pho- 
netic Printers. They are dated however in 18">(>. The envelope to one 
of them has been preserved, bearing the Cincinnati post mark, with "Dec. 
6 ? for date within the post mark. Its direction is I. H. Kagi, care 
"Tribune," Toj>eka, Kansas.] 


[There is on the back of King iV Bros, card referred to in the corres- 
pondence copied, the following in pencil in Kagi s hand. " You had 
best write to your shippers at Collinsville to ship (in rare of) C. \Y. 
Eyster tS: Co., Chambersburg, Pa. 1 can then find it when it arrives 
much more conveniently. Besides it will come with more certainty and 
quickness. I. Hkxrik."] 

[E. W. Clark, of Springfield, Mo., writing to Tidd at Tabor, Iowa, on 
the 16th of Oct., 1856, uses this language on speaking of the condition 
of things in Kansas. " I could wish if it were right that 1 had high 
heaven's power. I would marshall a force that before which hew 
Douglass and all of his border ruffian force woidd look small, and 1 
recon they would not figure so conspicuous a part as they do.' ? ] 

The same )>erson from the same place writing to Tidd (still in Iowa), 


1859. under date Dec. 25th, 1856, says, "I hope from present appearances that 
Kansas will yet be free. From our late accounts the southern emigrants 
are leaving by hundreds. I think from the moving of the waters that 
the South will abandon that land to the North, and strike for something 
south to enlarge their favored institution. I think they will soon find 
that they have all that they can attend to at home. The slaves are in i 
state of insurrection all over the country. Every paper brings tu 
accounts of their plots for a general uprising." 

They cannot accomplish that object at present. This ball is moving, 
and they have heard the sound, and they are ready to keep it a moving, 
as their rising content seems to indicate they will surely accomplish 
their object before long." 

This Clark appears to have married a sister of Tidd, named Susan. 
They afterwards, in 1857, moved to Iowa. 

Mrs. Clark, writing to Tidd from her new home in Iowa, Feb. 14tli> 
1858, says, u We received jour letter from Springdale last night, an<^ 
was much dissatisfied with it. We want to know what you are doinf^' 
and it seems that you do not want us to know. Try and explain you*~~ 
self a little better if posable. It looks as though you was preparing t^ 3 
shoot. Do tell us who is the victim." Then follows an account o^^ 
family and local matters. Again; March 9th, 1858, she writes to Tide? ^ 

" We rece'd yours by the last mail We feel many mis^^ 

givings about your situation. It appears to me that it must be danger — 
ous, although there may be wise heads at work. I wish that I could 

, whether your operation is perilous to yourselves, provided that 

you get defeated. Your kindness to us has made you very dear to us, 
and the idea of your being in danger makes us unhappy. Oh, that 
you were here nicely settled on a farm, how relieved I should be ! I 
do not advise any one to abstain from dutv, but I do not want Innocent 
blood shed for the removal of the great monster slavery. Do not fear 
that we will betray in any thing that you may say to us. Even Ernest 
does not know what you have written. We do not want you to feel un- 
easy about us. We shall get along some way." She then speaks of 
her husband splitting rails for " one dollar the hundred," and wishes 
that Tidd would lend them " ten or fifteen dollars the first of June," if 
it will not discommode him. In the same letter her husband, E. W. 
Clark, writes, not knowing the nature of your undertaking, I do not 
know whether it to be dangerous or not, but knowing the giant with 
which you have to contend, I fear that it will result in no good to you."] 



Cleveland, Ohio, April 22, 1859, 1859. 

Dear Tidd: 

I wish you to keep disengaged, still, I hope soon to have 
employment for you again. My partner was at Westport, New York, a 
few miles from North Elba, on the 16th inst. He had collected $160 of 
Mr. S., with note for nearly $300 more, who had notified hi* partners in 
Boston that they must calculate upon paying $2,000 immediately, and 
that he was prepared to advance, if necessary, $400 of that amount out 
of his own private funds, so we think there is no danger of our failing 
to raise the necessary capital in a few days, or at least weeks. 

Write Charlie, I know why he thinks of stopping, and shall he able 

to remove his objections. I shall write to Luke to-day. I have been 

sick for several weeks with severe cold and ague. Am getting well now. 

Have you seen any letters for me? Did you forward me any? 

Write me at once, care Isaac Sturtevant, Box 1750, Cleveland. 



[The envelope to this letter is directed, "C. P. Tidd, Springdale*, 
Cedar Co., Iowa." The post mark is " Cleveland, O., Apr. 23, 1859."] 


Cleveland, Ohio, Sunday, May 8th, 1859. 
Dear Tidd: 

It was true that you wrote me at Andover, and that was the 
cause of my not receiving your letter until quite lately. It should have 
been West Andover. 

I wrote you a few days since respecting the last news from N. Elba. 
John B. has been sick, but expects to get on to Boston this week ; was 
unable to write to all when he wrote to me, and wished me to write to 
the rest. I think there is no doubt that we shall have a crop this year, 
though it will be rather late. I have had a letter from Thadeous Hyatt, 
ex-Pres. of the Kansas Nat. Com., in which he says that he — not seen 
R. R. since he went to England. He has not received any letters from 
him, as I understood Hinton to write me from Boston before I left you. 
Hyatt understands things. He understands these men, and was there- 
fore surprised at R's going to Europe as he did. Mr. H. is now further 
investigating his action as well as that of another, and will report to me. 
There is something mysterious in your sudden anxiety to hear from 

Realf. Why is it? 



1869. I do not remember whether I wrote you about Hazlet and Jerry. 

They both came on as I told you they would. Al. is in Indianna co., 
Pa., at his old home. Carpenter is at his home in Medina, Medina co., 
Ohio, about 3 miles from Cleveland. 

The Oberlin rescue case is still in court here. The second prisoner, a 
good £ Indian, £ african, and $ white, a sharp fellow and the leader of 
the rescue in fact, is now being tried. The trial will close in a day or 
two. It will take about a year to try all the others. It costs about 
$1000 to the Government each day. Langston has been on trial about 
15 days. The other cases will be put off for awhile. I shall stay here 
till the matter is settled, for there may be something to do. Another 
effort will be made to get the State courts to interfere. The U. B. 
threaten war if they do, and that suits me. 

I am now writing for the Cleveland Leader and N. Y. Tribune. 




Toledo, March lSUi, 1869. 

Friend Tidd and your friend: 

I thought that I would write a few lines 
to you to let you know that we got into Chicago all wright. Friday 
morning the old man and Whipple went to Detroit, and Friday night 
Kagi and Bark and the rest of our folks started for Detroit, and I staid 
until Saturday morning, and then started for Cleveland with the horses, 
and have got as far as Toledo, where I do hav to stop until Monday 
morning and then go on to Cleveland, and titer I think I will find the 
boys within a day or to. This is all that I have got to write at present. 
I send my lov to you and all the rest of the young folks. 

Yours truly, 

Henry C. Carpenter. 

Please direct your letter at Madina, Madina Co., Ohio. 
[Directed to Charles P. Tidd, Springdale Seder Co., Iowa.] 


Grinnell, March 8th, 1858. 
Mr. Tidd: 

I received your letter a few days since and was glad to hear 
of your safe arival at Spring Dale. 


There have been many inquiries made since you left this place con- j8ot>. 
corning yon and your company to know if we had heard from you. All 
ueem to be very anxious that you should land the Negroes safely in the 
land of health (as Mr. Grinnell says). 

One of the girls at school wrote a composition on Mr. Brown's taking 
the Negroes from Mo. I read in the paper this morning that Mr. Brown 
and his company carried eighty negroes through Grinnell. The Grin- 
nell school exhibition is coming off Tuesday evening the 18th of this 
month, and of nmr*e we should all be very glad to see you here. 

Elizabeth Batch am, 

Yours Respectfully. 

[Directed to "Mr. Charles I. Tidd, Springdale, Cedar Co., Iowa," and 
postmarked "Grinnell, Iowa, Mar. 8."] 


[Miss Elizabeth E. Tidd, writing from Clinton, Mo., Feb. 17th, 1858, 
to her brother Charles P. Tidd, says, " you may believe that I was very 
glad indeed to receive your letter dated .Jan. 21st. F have written to you 
twice since you have written, and I felt afraid that you had either for- 
gotten me or had found Kmiething to be displeased about. But I sup- 
l>ose your travelling about has prevented the receipt of my last one at 
least. I hope this will reach y«»u. I was surprised, vtry murk mr- 
l>ri*c<l, at your determination. I hope you have considered the conse- 
quences as seriously as they deserve. You give your time, your strength 
and the best years of your manhood in endeavoring to accomplish what 
I fear you will find in the end can never be accomplished by brute force." 

In another letter from the same place dated May 11th, 1858, she says 
to Tidd: " I have just received your letter elated Chatham, C. \V. I had 
mailed a letter to you directed to Springdale a moment before, but I re- 
called it, and I now enclose this to Linden ville. I feel very much 
interested to know of your whereabouts and your welfare, and I heartily 
bid you God speed in anything and everything that is right and true. 
Oh my dear brother, I want to see you so much. I am sick to-day, and 
am feeling very desolate indeed, and your words "I can not see you for 
a year, perhaps never," make the tears come. Of course I should like 
to know the details of your plans, I feel curious to become acquainted 
with the method by which the institution of slavery is to be uprooted in 
a few months. The monger has grown slowly but surely, and it is inter- 
twined in the hearts of the southern people, and its overthrow must be 
I think a work of time. But perhaps you allude to Slavery in Kansas. 
I trust it will be free yet, and I shall be very proud if 1 can say that my 
brother has helped to do it. ,? ] 


1859. Harper's Ferry, Oct 12th, '59. 

Lewis Hayden, 

Secretary State's Office, State House, Boston : 

Orders disobeyed. Conditions broken. Pay S. immediate!. 

balance of my money. Allow no further expenses. Recall mone- 2 

advanced if not sent. 

Frances I. Merriam. 

[The above is a copy of a telegraphic dispatch sent by Merriam frorr""^" 
Harper's Ferry on the day before the outbreak there commenced.] 

[Tidd's correspondence appears to have been more extensive than that 
of any of the rest of Brown's confederates. Among his letters are sev- 
eral from a Quaker family of the name of Varney, who lived either in 
or near Springdale, Iowa. Moses Varney on the 9th of July, 1859, 
writing to Tidd, says in connection with remarks about some enterprise 
which Tidd was understood by him (Varney) and his family to have 
embarked in for the cause of " bondsmen." 

" We received a letter from Tabor — all right — signed by G. B. Gaston, 
Edwin Hill, Charles Minswager, Robert H. Hurlbert, Marcus C. Pearse, 
Darius P. Mathews, Jesse West, C. A. Webster, James Jones, S. H. 
Adams, A. C. Gaston, A. M. Gaston." 

In the same connection he speaks of them as (k our particular friends 
here," which seems to have been a favorite mode of alluding to those 
who were actually engaged in, or had cognizance of Brown's contem- 
plated plans. 

There is another letter to Kidd from West Branch (Iowa) on the 8 
mo. 11th, 1859, (the Quaker mode of computing time) signed by 
" Km It'n," who is believed from the handwriting and from other circum- 
stances developed in the letters of old " Mother Varney," which were 
pretty freely showered upon Tidd, to be a young lady of the Varney 
family. She says, " 1 hear of an insurrection of the colored people 
some where. If it is near you, you will be likely to know sQmething of 
the excitement, as you are so near the line. If a person keeps out of 
all "scrapes" he will not be likely to get into difficulty. Well, I sup- 
poH« John K. is married. Give him my regards. She also sends her 
love to the ** old man," to Kagi, Whipple (Stephens), and to several 
others of Brown's band. The John E. is evidently John E. Cook, who 
was married at Harper's Ferry. 

Another of the Varney 8 who. signs her letter " Anna." says, iC Excuse 
me my dear friend for saying so much for I feel that under thy 
present engagements thou hast great need to feel prepared to meet thy 


final Judges, not knowing how suddenly thou may be cut down, and all 1859. 
thy efforts for the relief of the bondsman be at an end." 


The date of her letter is " 7th mo. 22<1, '59."] 


The following list of insurgents at Harper's Ferry was taken down 
from the statement of Stephens in jail, together with the place from 
which each of them originally came: 

White men. 

John Brown, from New York. 

Aaron C. Stephens (sometimes called Whipple), Conn. 

Edwin Coppac, Iowa. 

Oliver Brown, N. Y. 

Watson Brown, N. Y. 

Albeit Hazlett, Pa. 

Wm. H. Seeman, Maine. 

John E. Cook, Conn. 

Steward Taylor, Canada. 

Charles P. Tidd, Maine. 

Wm. Thompson, N. Y. 

Dolph Thompson, N. Y. 

John H. Kagi (sometimes I. Henrie), Ohio, but had lived in Va. 

Jeremiah Anderson, Indiana. 


Dangerfield Newby, Ohio, formerly from Va. 

0. P. Anderson, Pa. 

Shields Green (Emperor), N. Y., formerly from S. C. 

Leary, Oberlin, Ohio, formerly from Va. 

John Copeland, same. 



-P. H. Pier point's History of Hie Reorganization of the Restored Gor~ .1*»1. 
ernment of Virginia and the Formation and Organization of thr 
State of West Virginia. 


In redemption of my promise made the other day, I herewith 
send you a condensed statement of the history of the restored Govern- 
ment of Virginia, hoping that you will deem it of sufficient importance 
to merit its publication ; that you will request its publication by other 
leading journals of the country. We as loyal Virginians are anxious 
that our political history should be fully understood, for it seems to me 
that our political status is about as little understood out of the State as 
New York politics, and I believe it is not considered a mark of igno- 
rance in any gentleman out of New York if he does not understand N. 
York politics in all their various shades, phases, and history. I assure 
you there is none of the complexity connected with our history that 
attaches to N. York politics. 

On the 17th day of April, 1861, the convention at Richmond passed 
what was called the Ordinance of Secession of Virginia. Immediately 
on the passage of that ordinance a number of Union members of the 
convention from the Western part of the State, being threatened with 
personal violence on account of their opposition to the ordinance of 
Secession, left Richmond and returned to their homes. About the 22d 
of April, 1861, Hon. John S. Carlisle introduced resolutions in a public 
meeting in Clarksburg calling a convention of the people of the State to 
meet on the 10th of May following at Wheeling, asking each county to 
send ten delegates. 

That convention, after mature deliberation, considered it premature to 
take any decisive action further than to pass strong resolutions denounc- 
ing secession, recommending the people to vote against the ordinance 
passed at Richmond, which was to be submitted to the people for their 
ratification or rejection on the fourth Thursday of May at the time of 
holding the general election of the State for members of Congress and 
members of the general assembly. It also appointed a committee of 
seven members as a committee of safety, and ordered an election of 


I8M, members to a convention to be composed of double the number of mem- 
bers from each county that the county was entitled to by law of mem- 
bers of the general assembly of the State ; the members of the general 
assembly elected at the ensuing election, who were opposed to secession, 
wore also to be members of the proposed convention ; the convention 
thus provided for was to meet at the city of Wheeling on the 11th day 
of June, 1861, " to take into consideration what was best to be done for Vir- 

The committee of safety was to appoint a central committee in each 
county to superintend the election and make return of the delegates- 
elected to the convention other than those elected to the general assem- 
bly. On the 11th of June the convention so provided for met at the 
city of Wheeling, and was organized by the appointment of a temporary 
chairman, and the appointment of a committee on organization and a 
committee on credentials. The committee on organization reported, 
among other things, that each member of the convention, before taking 
bin scat permanently, should be required to take the following oath : 

" 1 do swear, or affirm, that I will support the constitution of the 
United States, and the laws made in pursuance thereof, as the supreme 
law of the land, anything in the constitution or laws of Virginia or in 
the ordinances of the convention which assembled at Richmond on the 
I Hth of February, 1861, to the contrary notwithstanding." 

About 30 counties were represented; the residue of the State was 
overrun by the rebels in arms, and all members took the oath but one; 
ho wont to Richmond. 

On the 13th of June the convention, after reviewing the action of the 
Hooostfion convention at Richmond and the action of the Executive and 
othor officers of State elected by the people who attached themselves to 
the cause of the so-called confederate States, adopted the following 
among other ordinances: 

" Wo, therefore, the delegates here assembled in the Convention to 
dovino mich measures and take such action as the safety -and welfare of 
tho loyal citizens of Virginia may demand, having maturely considered 
the promises, and viewing with great concern the deplorable condition to 
which this once happy Commonwealth must be reduced, unless some 
regular Adequate remedy is speedily adopted, and appealing to the 
Hit promo Ruler of the Universe for the rectitude of our intentions, do 
hereby in tho name and on behalf of the gooch people of Virginia, sol- 
emn! v declare that the preservation of their dearest rights and liberties, 
and their Hoourity in person and property imperatively demand the 
tottrgtitiUation of the Government of the Commonwealth, and that all 
aottt of the Haiti Convention and Executive [referring to the Secession 
Convention, and the action of Gov. Letcher recognizing it] tending to 
Bepuroto thin Commonwealth from the United States, or to levy and 


carry on war against them are without authority and void, and the \m\. 

officers of all who adhere to said Convention and Executive, whether 

legislative, Executive or judicial, are vacated." 

By another ordinance the Convention provided that a Governor, Lieu- 
tenant-Governor and Attorney General for the State of Virginia shall he 
elected by this Convention, to discharge the duties and exercise the 
powers which pertain to their respective oflices hy the existing laws of 
the State, and to continue in office for six months, or until their succes- 
sor in office were elected and qualified. And the general assembly was 
required to provide for such election. 

On the 20th day of June, 18(51, the convention elected the officers 
provided for in the last recited ordinance. On the next day the Governor 
so elected called on the President of the U. S. for assistance to suppress 
the domestic violence then raging in the State. The following is a copy 
of the letter sent : 


\Vhkki.IX«j, June 2J*t, IS** J. 

To His Excellency the President of the U. S., 

Reliable information has been received at this department from 
various parts of the State, that large numbers of evil minded persons 
have banded together in military organizations with intent to overthrow 
the Government of the State, and for that purpose have called to their 
aid like minded persons from other States, who in pursuance of such 
call have invaded this Commonwealth. They are making war on the 
loyal people of the State. They are pressing citizens against their con- 
sent into their military organization, and seizing and appropriating their 
property to aid in the rebellion. 

I have not at my command sufficient military force to suppress this 
rebellion and violence. The legislature cannot convene in time to act in 
the premises, it therefore becomes my duty as Governor of this Common- 
wealth to call on the Government of the United States for aid to repress 
such rebellion and violence. 1 therefore earnestly request that you will 
furnish a military force to aid in suppressing the rebellion, and to pro- 
tect the good people of this Commonwealth from domestic violence. 

I have the honor to be with great respect. 

Your obedient servant, 

Francis II. Pi kr point. 




1861. To which letter the President of the Uuited States thro, his Sec. War 

replied. I publish herewith part of his answer. 

War Department, 
Washington, June 25t!t, 1861. 


In reply to your application of the 21st instant for aid of the 
Federal Government to repel from Virginia lawless invaders ***** 
* * * *. The President directs me to say that a large additional force 
will soon be sent to vour relief *****. 

The President however never supposed that a brave and free people, 
though surprised and unarmed, could he long subjugated by a class of 
political adventurers, always adverse to them, and the fact that they 
have already rallied, reorganized their Government and checked the 
march of these invaders, demonstrates how justly he appreciated them. 

The failure hitherto of the State authorities in consequence of the 
circumstances to which I have adverted to organize its quota of troops 
called for by the President, imposed on him the necessity of providing 
himself for their organization, and this has been done to some extent. 
But instructions have now been given to the agents of the Federal Gov- 
ernment to proceed hereafter under your directions, and the company 
and field officers will be commissioned bv vou. 

I have the honor to be, your obedient servant, 

Simon Cameron, 
Secretary of War. 

Hon. Francis H. Pierpoint, Governor of Va., Wheeling, Va. 

This was the recognition of the restored government by the President 
of the U. S. 

The legislature of Virginia was immediately called together after the 
election of the Governor by his proclamation. The legislature declared 
that by reason of R. M. T. Hunter and James M. Mason having vacated 
their seats in the U. S. Senate, and had taken office under the so called 
Confederate States of America, their seats in the U. S. Senate had become 
vacant, and they proceeded to elect their successors, thereupon Hon. 
John S. Carlile and Hon. W. T. Willey were elected United States sena- 
tors. The Congress being in session they immediately took their seats 
in the United States senate. Hon. Wm. G. Brown and Hon. R. V. 
Whaley were elected on the 4th Thursday in May, 1861, (the same day 
the vote on Secession was taken) the members of the 37th Congress, 
and they immediately repared to Washington and took their seats in the 
House of Delegates of the U. S. 

1 ordered an election in what was then the 11th congressional Dis- 
trict of the State, and Hon. J. G. Blair was elected and took his seat. 


This action of both houses of Congress in the reception of the mem- 1861. 
bers from Virginia, fully recognized the legality of the restored Govern- 
ment of Virginia. 

Strange as it may appear, nearly all the officeholders in the State — 
State and county officers — became tainted with treason and adhered to 
the rebel cause. The convention, apprised of that fact, passed an 
ordinance requiring the Governor to demand of all the officers in the 
State to take and subscribe and deposit with the Secretary of the Com- 
monwealth the following oath, as a teste of their loyalty or to purge 
themselves of their treason. 

[Oath not found. — Ed.] 

On failure of any officer to take this oath it was the duty of the 
Governor to declare the office vacant, and order an election to fill the 
vacancy, or require the party having the authority to appoint a succes- 
sor. This oath was afterward required by the legislature to be taken by 
all parties doing business under a license from the State, also by Grand 
Jurors and merchants 7 clerks. This requirement has been rigidly en- 
forced wherever the restored government is in operation in the State. 

The convention which assembled on the 11th of June, 1861, ad- 
journed about the 26th of same month to meet about the 8th of 
August next thereafter. At this second meeting preliminary steps were 
taken for dividing the State, by submitting the question to the voters in 
the counties composing the new State of West Virginia ; also providing 
for the election of delegates at the same time from the counties in the 
l>n>]>osed new State to meet in Wheeling, if the people favored division 
in the proposed hounds, to make a constitution for the same. 

The people favored it, the convention met and made a constitution, 
and submitted it to the people for their adoption. They adopted it. 
They presented it to the legislature, and it consented. They presented 
the proposition to Congress, and after some alterations and delays, the 
Congress of the United States consented, and the President signed the 
bill. And the State of West Virginia was organized under its constitu- 
tion so made, and adopted by the assembling and qualification of its 
legislature and State officers on the 20th day of June, 1863. Hon. 
Arthur J. Boreman was inaugurated on that day Governor of West 

The legislature of Virginia passed an act that when the State of West 
Virginia was organized, that the Executive of Virginia should fix the 
seat of Government at such place in the old State as he might deem fit; 
and in pursuance thereof I selected Alexandria, and all the State offices 
were opened there. 

I was first appointed Governor of the restored Government of the 
State by the convention. In spring of 1862 I was elected Governor by 


1801. the people to till the unexpired term of John Letcher, whose tenu ex- 
pired by law on the 31st day of December, 1863. 

I was elected Governor for the State of Virginia by the loyal voters 
of the old State at the general election in the spring of 1863, and was 
inaugurated for four years on the 1st day of January, 1864. 

The General Assembly of the State of Virginia, under the restored 
government, met at Alexandria in regular session on the first Monday 
in December, 1863, and passed an act calling a State constitutional con- 
vention to amend the constitution of the State. The members of the 
convention were elected by the people, and met on the 13th of Feb- 
ruary, 1S64, ami on the 11th day of March next thereafter, they 
adopted a clause in the constitution of the State abolishing slavery and 
involuntary servitude in the State forever, except for crime. Providing 
that minors of African descent may be apprenticed on same condition 
of white children, and prohibiting the legislature from making any law 
contravening these provisions of the constitution. 

Under the constitution and laws of the restored government of Vir- 
ginia, when the rebellion is suppressed the government will be restored 
to loyal hands and the slaves liberated. 

Objection has been raised to the proceedings of the constitutional con- 
vention of Virginia, called under the restored government, on tw.o 
grounds — 

1st. That the number constituting the convention was too small; and 

2nd. That the convention did not submit its action to the people for 
ratification or rejection. 

The answer to the first objection is that all were represented which 
were in the Federal lines — more than one-tenth of the State was repre- 
sented. The President's proclamation liberated part of the slaves in 
the State, while slavery still existed in most of that part represented in 
the convention by the exception in the President's proclamation. The 
State officers were bound bv their oaths to enforce the laws of the State. 

The State constitution recognized slavery, and forbid the legislature to 
liberate the slaves. The army of the U. S. were charged with carrying 
out the President's proclamation in liberating the slaves. This brought 
the State and Federal Authorities into conflict. A justice would order 
a slave arrested and returned to his master. A file of soldiers would go 
and release him. Then the abolishment of slavery was necessary to 
enable the State authority to work in harmonv with the Federal au- 
thority. The answer to the second objection is that it was wholly use- 
less to submit the constitution thus amended to the people for ratifica- 
tion or rejection. Suppose there was only one-eighth of the State rep- 
sented, the adoption of the constitution by that eighth would be no ex- 
pression of opinion of the other seven-eighths. No person is so silly as 
to maintain that the adoption or rejection of the constitution by one 


fcifchth thus made by the convention would have been any expression of i8«l, 
public sentiment in the State. The convention was called for the pur- 
pose, the delegates were elected with the understanding, of what they 
*ere going to do; they did it, and the form of submission would have 
been folly. But the answer to the . whole objection is easy. The rebels 
forced a state of affairs on the State that rendered the action of the loyal 
men of the State necessary for their-preservation. therefore their action. 
If the loyal men of the State by their action had brought about the 
state of affairs that exists, and then undertaken what they did, it would 
present a very different aspect to the country. The object of the loyal 
men was to free the slaves, restore the government, that republican 
government might be enjoyed, and the people placed in condition that 
if they desired to alter their constitution hereafter they can do so. But 
I a slave once free can never be enslaved again against his consent, so that 
Virginia once restored will be forever free. 

[The foregoing paper is without signature, but wholly in the hand- 
writing of Governor Pierpoint. — Ed.] 



I. ! % *-*r»»oint, (iov'R of Restored State 
■ Virginia. 

— r- ■• f Tit I have anything of special imj>or- 

. ^a ■* heard before this of the engagement at 

;- -■ :i whirh the I'nion troops were defeated 

^.. »:».vhever you think host to call it. After 

. - y lit various quarters and eye witnesses, I 

,^. -.-- •■•• Gen. Cox being encamped at the mouth 

^^ ^ u "^ >wer side thereof, say with five Retri- 

. ^ . ^ **£ *ne artillery company, learned that the 

^,, . , ? s*c: 4 or •"> miles above on the opposite side of 

... fc * :.ukY railed Sceary, which place following 

^ *.--.-> about o miles, and as the river is verv 

r, «>s in a straight line across the hills. 

^ vtiftery Co. and twelve hundred men were vsent 

_ ... < i^urai and strength, and if possible to draw 

^r-.-r act men became engaged, our Artillery work- 

""" ^ ::TW silencing the enemy's battery. Col. Norton 

w-i . w ^ two or three times from his entrenchments. 

« *ci of ammunition took it at the point of the 

^ «ri fww their camp at Coal's Mouth, which 

v*y, and Norton being out of ammunition was 

Vwn himself being wounded was left on the 

" " **" J^,^ During the fight Col. Norton finding his 

* **■"■■ * _., ~«t a messenger to Geirl Cox for ammuni- 

* ' % "" '^ Tncs^ncer for reinforcements; they had then been 

^ ** v * ^ that two within the hearing of every musket 

" * * %I1 -k^ was surrounded with near 4000 men, and who 

* * # lla to bv his soldiers to permit them to go to 
_wst' Apnea i" 1 •■ m .. 

^ ** -*>**> .. ^ ^^nd yet the Gen 1 remained indifferent 

v* v ~ * ? '* .j messenger made his ap}>earance on the oppo- 
^ ^rfc^w* n« -*ked in Col. Norton's name for more aniinu- 


nition to be immediately sent him, and then returned to the fight. 
Whilst ammunition was being collected and placed on the steamer (three 
of which were laying there with steam up), another messenger came 
asking for aid. Gen , l Cox detailed seven hundred men and sent them 
over, and whilst on their way in charge of the ammunition they met 
Col. Norton's command on the retreat with the wounded, and their Col. 
left wounded in the hands of the Enemv. 

During the fight curiosity led Col. Woodruf, Col. DeVilliers, Lieut.- 

Col. Oeorge Xeff, and some two or three captains to ride up the river on 

this side to view the action. Neither of these gentlemen have since been 

heard from — although there is a doubtful rumor that some of them have 

returned. A letter has been received from Col. Norton stating that his 

wound is only slight, and he is well treated and hopes to recover in a few 

weeks. Cox is universally condemned by the community as well as his 

officers and men. A few such political Generals would destroy the 

western Va. army. I hope his commission will be taken from him and 

he sent home. Favouritism may do in civil matters but will noj in 

military affairs. The four companies we raised have been ordered off, 

and are now at Point Pleasant armed and partly uniformed and equipped. 

We have four other companies here partly filled and in Barracks, and 

have ten more forming. If you will give us your attention I will have 

one Regiment complete by the 1st of August. We are also raising two 

cavalry companies, one if not both I am in hopes will be offered the 

Government next week 

If I am not doing things right you must attribute it to my ignorance 
and not to my disposition. If you will only let me keep at work will 
do it in anyway I am directed. 

I am, <fce. 


July 20, 
Mason Cit 

•J. C. Wiieelex to Governor Pierpont. 

At the request of Hon. R. V. Whaley, who has just left for Camp s ep t. ]3, 
Pierpoint, Ceredo, Va., I forward to you the latest intelligence from Col. I'ortsmoutl 
Ziegler's command. 

Yesterday at 11 o'clock, Col. Ziegler, with a part of his Regiment, at- 
tacked 250 rebels drilling in the Turnpike 8 miles east of Barboursville. 
They fled at the first fire, which killed and wounded several. Eight 
prisoners were taken, among them Wm. Hensley, their ring-leader; also, 
John Lawson and Wm. Hanley, son of old Patrick Hanley, also 15 
stand of arms, 7 horses, and 2 mules. 

:alzsdar of state papers. 

l \*a\i r< F. II. Pierpoixt, Governor. » 

.>: u; ■-**!:* left New York on Monday evening for 
_ . • ^ "-lr ;\ here to keep matters in progress dur- 
^ -*- ^ T;fs : iiy the 17th) we addressed a memorial to 
-^ - .. ^%. ^ is \-hjtl: of the Reorganized Government of Ya>. 
-r uiii-unt of $200,<M)0 from the United States fox: 
> ' ». ^. • **i tw»vig troops to he employed in State *errtrc i -m^ 
^ .: «.-,-. "t*-iii b»mestie violence, and in aid ins: the Grnerr^-l 
. ^. : . ^^> ":ie present insurrection. 
,: » -* *.;h ::;«.' IVvsident he expressed himself verv favo 
-. . .^» *-. »**■:**£ '»»r .:1s* 1 as the same ns those of Gov'r Johnsoi 
. . >«.<r. utu »*ov. Gamble, of Missouri, in hoth of whir 
*o^.-..n- :a*i Hrti granted. 

^^ t . •.■■.-tuv»i usv however, that the matter properly he* »f rh<» Treasury, and, accordingly, by an en 
,*..:ii»rta.' rwoimnended it to his attention, express 


„ . t s , ..:»4-ii- ^uituients in regard to it. He also furnished us 
. ,i >%trfian of the Treasury requesting him to grant us 

- .„....*» si»n»^ *v*r submitted to SecYy Chase, we ohtained 

. .«;:i >..>u a ; ii* residence last evening. He told ns that 

._ i* •.M.iuoi-tat. *unI though he had-tiot considered the mat- 

x> ^, *. k ivNir^i to do, yet he could see no difficulty in 

.w...* **»•>* '** *A*^ tor ' ex cept the present necessities of 

^^..^ih, *hicft he stated was poor jnst now as Western 

^ w*,t**> « voutvl l*> necessary for us to have the whole 

» . .^1 v>* * *^ ^ -that a present advance of part would 

.»**%. »4t. »* balance could he furnished in instal- 

•v •** ***• ».n*Q**\ »iul might he supplied in Treasury 

^ ^..^ hj>£ *uiMhe convenience of the Government. 

" ~^ ^ ^ Mn K<4h*KU be supplied. We suggested to him to 

*^'" ""* w .^ .*■ §/ 11k on the subject, to which he readily as- 

v>> ,. |I(H k %vmM he proper a letter should head- 

. ^.^tml- K**\mM be a reply. Mr. Campbell and 

'' vv " ' J J v> w . w i. ^^ Nun such a letter in the morning, and 

,_ ; ^un^ *n*Mion y and address his answer to us 
v x ■- " * ^v^Wwk. We hope to receive his letter 

~"* ^ ^ <% *W $** hw*!* 111 Illld Secnrt'y f the Treasury, 

vn.... *v "''^ y t) ^ x $# ^rfstance required will be obtained 

, .X. c*w ^^ fhr «<wity of recording the loan. In the 


course of his conversation with u*, See'ty Chase remarked that in the 1861. 
case of Gov'r Gamble, to bring the disbursements within the act of Con- jf^y^ 
greas, the Federal Government had appointed a disbursing agent on 
Gov'r Gamble's recommendation, and that the same course should be 
taken in our case. We shall probably leave here to-morrow evening for 
Wheeling. If Sec'ty Chase's letter proves what we have a right to 
expect it to be, there will be no further necessity for our attempting to 
raise the money by loan. 

I am, &c. 

James Evans to the Governor. 

I am laboring with all my powers to get up volunteers, but I believe Sept. 27, 
Monongalia is the hardest place in the Union to effect anything. We Mor g antown 
had a very large meeting on monday, at least 2,000 persons present, and 
Mr. Smith made us a splendid speech ; indeed, he excelled himself, but 
when we called for volunteers, after pulling and hauling through the 
vast crowd, we got 31 men. I am going to have a meeting at camp on 
Saturday, when I think I will get that many more. 

I went over to Green County, Pa., last week and succeeded in getting 
a fine company, Capt. Morriss. There was every effort made to prevent 
them coming to Va. Printed bills were put up saying if volunteers 
came to Va. they would get but $13, and if they went into a Pa. Regi- 
nient they would get $17 per month, but the men said their interest was 
with W. Va.; that whilst they were defending W. Va. they were defend- 
ing their own homes, and so they came. I will be in Wheeling next 
week. I wish you would not issue a commission for Major of the 7th 
Rcg't until I see you. 

I am, &c. 

S. L. Zkigler, Colonel Commanding, to the Governor. 

Oar Camp is shrouded in gloom to-day. Major Ormstead and Lieut. Oct. l, 

Baisden were both shot dead on Saturday last near Cassville. Thev had ^. (v ' arn P 
. i11sl _, . ii,i i ,. Pierpoint 

just left the Camp there to return here, and had gone a short distance 

when some assassins who had secreted themselves on the hillside fired 

on them, killing both instantly. 

Major Ormstead was a noble and brave young man, and we deeply 
mourn his loss. 

A report is current here that Floyd and 3,000 men are at Logan Court 

House (50 miles distant), and are preparing to march on this place. 



1861. Whether or not Floyd is there in person may be doubted, but there is 
9^" *» certainly considerable force there. 
Pierpoint Will your Excellency apprise General Rosecranse of the disaster to 
our officers, and also of the probable attack of the force at Ix>gan. Last 
night I arrested 13 prisoners, all citizens of Catlettsburg, Ky., who are 
supposed to be accessory to the murder of Major Ormstead by giving 
information, &c., &c. I will send them up soon; some of them are men 
of prominence here. 

In the place of Major Ormstead, dec'd, I recommend the appointment 
of Abia Allen Tomlinson, who is here and has accepted the appoint- 
ment subject to the approval of your Excellency. Will your Excellency 
please forward a commission for him ? 

I am, &c. 

Commonwealth of Virginia, 
Executive Department, 

Wheeling, Oct. 9th. 

Major Andrew Parks was arrested in Kanawha and brought a prisoner 
to Wheeling, Va., and is here now a prisoner. Parks was arrested for 
his complicity in the rebellion of the Southern States, and especially in 
Virginia. T. A. Roberts, Esq'r, of Roane County, who was a member of 
the Wheeling Convention, was arrested by Henry A. Wise on his expe- 
dition into the Kanawha Valley and sent to Richmond a prisoner. On 
the return of Roberts to his home in Roane County, Va., by the Con- 
federate authorities at Richmond, Parks will be released. Otherwise the 
same course will be pursued towards Major Parks by the authorities in 
Virginia that is taken towards Roberts by the authorities at Richmond. 

F. H. Pierpoint. 

J. B. Ford to the Governor. 

Nov. 26, Mr. Garrett requests me to send you a copy of a letter written by him 
Washitaon, to Hon. Reverdy Johnson in relation to the opening of the B. & O. R. 
Road, and as it fully covers the grounds of information desired of him 
by you, he trusts it will enable you to present the case in such a form to 
the cabinet at Washington as will have the effect to cause the Road to 
be opened and furnish the relief so much desired to the Gov. and the 
citizens of Va., Ohio, Indiana, &c. 

1 am, &c. 


Baltimore, Nov. 2£th y 1861. 1859. 

Hon. -Reverdy Johnson : 

Dear Sir: 

The Bait. <fc Ohio R. Road company, having had the ma- 
terials and Laborers organized, have reconstructed the Bridges east of 
Cumberland as rapidly as military protection has been extended. Since 
the advance of Gen'l Kelly's forces the Bridges over the North Branch 
of the Potomac, Patterson's creek, and the South Branch, being respec- 
tively six, eight, and fifteen miles from Cumberland, have been recon- 
structed. The next Bridge is that over the Little Cacapon, 22 miles 
from Cumberland, which will be erected as soon as Gen'l Kelly's protec- 
tion admits. 

The completion of this Bridge opens the Road to Great Cacapon, 46 
miles from Cumberland, and but 3 from Hancock. 

It is impossible to procure Laborers to work at Harper's Ferry with- 
out military protection, the enemy is in force in the vicinity and will 
doubtless attack them. Proper military occupation is therefore essential 
prior to the commencement of work from Sandy Hook west. 

The men and material are prepared, and this work will commence as 
soon as the requisite protection is afforded. 

Yours very truly, 

J. W. Garrett, 

Headquarters Eastern Virginia Brigade, 

Washington, Dec. 16th, 1861. 

The Governor of the State of Virginia and the War Department of the 
United States having both authorized me to raise an Eastern Virginia 
Brigade to serve for the term of three years or during the continuance of 
the present rebellion, I do hereby accept the Regiment raised and com- 
manded by Col. Charles R. Doran (whom I have appointed Col. of the 
2nd Regiment Eastern Virginia Brigade). 

John C. Underwood, 
Coram'g Eastern Virginia Brigade. 

The above is a true copy of the appointment of Col. Charles R. Doron 
and the acceptance of his Regiment as a part ot the Eastern Virginia 

R. V. Whaley. 


Jno. S. Gallaher to the Governor. 
1861. I have been requested by a number of the banished workmen from 

Dec 20 

Waeh'ijrton tne armor y at Harper's Ferry, loyal citizens, to inquire of you whether 
D. C. the representation in Congress from what was formerly the 8th Congress- 
ional district, comprising Berkeley, Jefferson, Frederick, &c, is vacated, 
Mr. Edmund Pendleton having failed to claim his seat? 

They think that under the protection of a portion of Gen'l Bank's 
command, they could hold an election and find a representative who 
would attend to their interests and those of the loyal men of the District 
1 have not hud an opportunity of seeing the Constitution of the Pro- 
visional Government, but take it for granted you have authority to issue 
a writ of election to supply the vacancy which appears to exist. 

I am, &c. 


Official report of the Battle of Guyandotte. 

The undersigned by your order in command of -the 9th Va. Regiment 
would beg leave to report to your Excellency. 

After recruiting at Camp Pierpoint, sixty men under Capt. Uriah 
Payne, we repaired to Camp Paxton Guyandotte and took possession of 
that place on the 22nd day of Oct. last. Orders to fill up companies 
were issued to Capts. Wm. Turner, — Thomas, — Bratton and — Ross, 
who had each recruited a few men, some of whom were in camp and 
some had been allowed to go home on furlough. Capt. Payne's Com- 
pany contained 86 men, but were not all in Camp. All companies 
included about 150 men. 

On the night of the 10th of November, we were attacked by two 
parts of Regiments of cavalry under command of Clarkson and Jen- 
kins of the Rebel army. Clarkson being chief in command, number- 
ing about 1,200 men. The attack was made about half-past 8 o'clock, 
they having marched down the Guyandotte river about forty miles that 
day, as was afterwards ascertained. Our Picket guard stationed at the 
bridge, one mile up the Guyandotte river, failed to give the alarm by 
firing, but the noise of their crossing that bridge was distinctly heard 
by us, and I immediately rallied my men, or a portion of them. But 
the enemy coming in at full speed did not give us time to get but a por- 
tion of our force in line to resist them. 

Having drawn up about 40 men in the shade of a building near the 
wire suspension bridge, they fired upon a force led by Capt Corns, who 


crossed the bridge to cut off our retreat to the west side of the Guy an- i8<n. 

dotfce river. While Col. Jenkins led about 500 around on the east side 

of the town to cut off our retreat in that direction, Col. Clarkson, with 

the remainder of their force, made the attack upon us, charging down 

the main street. Our force then concealed themselves in squads in the 

buildings and alleys, and kept up a brisk fire upon the enemy for near 

three quarters of an hour. I then attempted to rally them to the brick 

hotel on the bank of the Ohio, wit ere I had ordered a box of cartridges 

for their use. At this place they also fired briskly for a short time. I 

then returned again to the street to rally what men I could find to the 

hotel, and near that point was charged upon by a company of rebels 

commanded by H. Clay Pate. We resisted the attack for a short time, 

but were finally overpowered by superior numbers and taken prisoners. 

The firing then ceased, the men concealing themselves as best they 

could in different parts of the town. 

Our loss, so far as known, was six killed and six wounded, and sixty 
prisoners, 32 horses (including wagon horses hired), 98 Enfield Rifles — 
a few suits of clothing. 

A portion of the horses above mentioned belonged to Capt. Winster's 
company, attached to the command at Camp Pierpoint, and had been 
sent to my support a few days previous. This squad of cavalry was 
under the command of Lieut. W. E. Feasel, who had declined to obey 
my order that day to take a portion of his command and go to Bar- 
hoursville and remain there until late at night. His reason for declin- 
ing was that it would conflict with instructions from Capt. Winters, Jris 
superior officer. 

The cavalry was not engaged in the fijrht, except three by the names 
of Biars, Patert, and Nance, who fought cavalry. The others retreated 
at the beginning of the fight, except fix, who were taken prisoners. 
The loss of the eiiemv is known to be seven killed and 12 wounded, 
among the number Capt. Huddleston killed, Capt. of the Rockbridge 
rangers mortally wounded, and Capt. Herndon severely. Fourteen 
horses of the enemy killed in the streets and f\ve crippled. None of 
our companies were mustered into service. Among our killed was 
Capt. G. B. Bailey, who was appointed assistant Surgeon, but not com- 
missioned. Capt. Ross and Capt. Thomas, and Capt. Uriah Payne, 
Quartermaster Sertreant T. J. Hayt*lip, Dr. Jonathan Morris, appointed 
Surgeon; Lieut. James E. Wood, and another Lieut., name not remem- 
bered, were taken prisoners by the enerav. 

R. V. Whaley. 
Wheeling, Va., Dec. tf, 1861. 

The certificate of the election of James H. Brown as Judge of the 
Eighteenth circuit in place of David McComas, who failed to take the 
oath, is filed. 



1862. Some week or two since I heard that the three prisoners arrested for 

Parkereburg murder in Lewis Co. had been rescued from the civil authorities of Lewis 
while in the net of examining their cases before the examining court, 
but I said nothing about it from the fact that it was mere rumor. Now, 
however, I am informed that it is a fact, and that it was done by order 
of Gen'l Rosecrans. This I regard as a very grievous wrong, and will, 
as a necessary consequence, brinjj our restored government and its civil 
tribunals into disrespect and contempt. It is idle to tell the masses of 
the people that we will administer justice iu the civil Courts when the 
military are permitted to come right into the face of the Court and carT3 
away prisoners without any reasonable explanation of the cause of » 

Now, if Gen'l Rosecraus had taken these men from the Jail before tfri 
Court sat and had their cases examined into and then discharged ther* 
it would have been different, and this there was an abundance of tintJ 
to have done. But to wait for months until their examination had conC 
menced and then to rescue them, is, to say the least of it, very irregular 
and I had liked to have characterized the proceeding by a much harsher 

There are two men of the military in our jail for shooting their con» 
rades. In one case the party shot was killed outright ; in the other th* 
party shot is expected to die, and General Rosecrans has sent Mr. Amis? 
Att'y for the Commonwealth, a written order turning these men over tc 
the civil authorities for trial. But since the transaction in Lewis Co. 
law-abiding men don't know what to do. If the trial of these men 
should be commenced, it may be that in the midst of the trial the mili- 
tary may take them from us, and besides has it come to this that the 
civil courts are to be dictated to by the military as to what offenders 
shall not be so tried? This is destructive of the civil authorities, and 
we may as well quit and hand over the government of the country to 
the military at once. 

I do not believe that General Rosecrans would be sustained in what 
he has done in Lewis Co. by the authorities at Washington. The pris- 
oners in our jail here are proper subjects of trial by the military in my 
estimation. One of them is a Lieutenant. Besides, I am satisfied that 
before the routine of the civil authorities can be gone through with the 
whole thing will amount to nothing, as the witnesses are in the military 
and may be gone to another part of the country before a final trial can 
I m had. Indeed, it is not now known to the civil officers who the wit- 
mwwH are in the case of actual death. 

I think it would be well to see General Rosecrans and have these men 



an, j - 


triad by the military. I have thought up to this time, and have so 1862. 
announced to the Grand Juries and the people wherever I have held p , L all *u , 
court, that the military was here to support the civil authority, and not 
to subvert it. And 1 do not intend to hold courts at the pleasure of the 
military or to decide according to their notions, nor will I hold court 
where I am to be menaced by them. If I cannot sit upon the bench 
untrammeled I will not sit at all. 
I have thought it proper to give you my views of this matter. 

I am, &c. 

The certificate of the election and qualification of William H. Tom- j an . 6 
linson as Commonwealth's Att'y for the county of Mason in place of 
Charles P. T. Moore removed, is filed. 

The certificate of the appointment and qualification of Thos. M. Jan. 28, 
Harris and S. T. Buison as Commissioners for Gilmer (to., is filed. Gilmer Co. 

Jos. Segar to the Governor. 

I deem it my duty to inform you officially that I have been denied a Feb. 12, 
seat in Congress on the ground chiefly that the Legislature and not the ^ Va ^hi^ton, 
Convention should have fixed the time and place of election. I send 
you the report of the Committee and my reply. 

I bring the subject to your notice that the Convention may rescind the 
ordinance calling an election, and the Legislature remedy the difficulty 
by appropriate enactments which I presume will be done. 

I am, &c. 

J. H. Trout to the Governor. 

Notwithstanding the efforts of the army in this section to suppress the Feb. 28, 
marauding rebels of Hampshire and Hardy, they are robbing and carry- New Creek 
ingoff the Union men to such an extent that the country is almost 

There is now at this point quite a number of refugees who earnestly 
request you to authorize James A. Jarbor to enlist a scouting company 
for service in Hampshire and Hardy co's during the war or until peace 
and order are restored in the aforesaid and the adjoining counties. I 



1862. refer you to Mr. A. S. Trowbridge in regard to the fitness of Jarbor for 
New Creek * ne 8erv ^ ce > a ^ s0 Major Tomlinson (who is now in command of this Post). 

If the thieving bands of rebels are not soon caught or killed in Hamp-fc 
shire and Hardy it will be impossible to organize a court or assess and I 
collect taxes, for they are robbing the country of nearly all the taxable \ 

I am, <fcc. 

March 22 The certificate of Michael H. Higgins, \Vm. Mears and Jno. O. Evans 
of the election on the 15th day of March of Joseph Segar as member of 
Congress from the first Congressional District of Va. is filed. 

P. Daum, Lt.-Col. Artil'y, to the Governor. 

March 28, It is with pleasure I take the liberty to inform you of our brilliant 

Strasburg 8UCCess our gallant army had in the battle of Mar. 23rd over the rebels 

under their leader Jackson. The parrott guns which you have given in 

the hands of my old battery have been well used and have sent a many 

poor fellow to the other world. 

I command the Artillery. Our gallant General Shields has been 
wounded on the evening of the 22nd, and it was necessary to assist our 
Commander on the field. Col. Kimball of the 14th Ind. in planning and 
leading the battle. I selected our battle ground and succeeded in find- 
ing an excellent position. The artillery fire was opened by Turk com- 
manding "Daum's" Battery art'y on the morning and lasted 'til 5 in the 
evening. Then I told Col. Kimball that the enemy's battery to our right 
must be taken. I silenced my fire in due time and galloped over to the 
charging Infantry Column, assisted in the attack and found there the 
gallant Col. Thoburn with his brave boys and his brave officers. I was 
pleased to see them and cheered the men to go on. We went forward. 
The enemy had placed itself behind a stone fence, and send us a hail of 
bullets, but onward we went. Near the stone fence my horse was 
wounded and fell. I brought it to his feet, and not had I quiet myself 
in the saddle another bullet struck it. The Reg'ts halted a minut and 
some fell back, but with new courage we went forward and took the 
enemy's position. Many brave fellows lay slain or wounded on the 
ground, but also the rebels had a great loss running as fast as they could 
throwing away their arms. 

Night had set in, and the work for the day was ended. We cap- 
tured 3 guns and 4 caisons. The scene was a terrible one. It was a 
great slaughter, and many of the wounded lay on the field without 
assistance till next morning. 


Monday morning early we pursued the enemy till six miles beyond 1862. 
Strasburg, where we halted. The enemy is three miles further. We JdSS[3qiw 
have been three days and nights out with hardly anything to eat. 

Now, Excellence, permit me to ask for a commission as Capt. for T. 
Tenk, and one as Second Lieut, for Serg't Max Sievers ; he, as well as 
Tenk, deserve it Also for Lt. Foerch, 4th Lt., one as first Lt Serg't 
Budkin (Wm.) I wish to place as first Lieut in Com p. B. He under- 
stands the service, and could be very useful in that Battery. For me, I 
don't ask any new favors; do as you please about it. Give Col. Tho- 
burn my compliments. I hope his wound is not serious. Also give 
my compliments to the officers in your staff and Department. Excuse 
me for writing to you in this harsh English. You know I am a Ger- 
man, who speaks in " german " to the rebels. 

I am, &c. 

Col. Ainsansell served as aid to Col. Kimball during the engagement, 
and showed great courage. I have serldt a note in regard to him to 
Gen. Shields to Day, and hope he will soon take his command again. 
If be was with his Reg't on Monday, the 24th, I have no doubt that we 
would have captured some more of the enemy's guns and baggage 
train. I was after the enemy all day with one Battery, but the cavalry 
commanded by Col. Broadhead did not do its duty on account of their 
commander, who is by no means a brave man. I reported him as unfit 
to Gen. Bank's, but next day he was praised in an order from Gen. 
Banks for his bravery. " Sancter simfplicitas." 

Adieu, Excellence. I hope that we will soon have a chance to whip 
the enemy. If I had a standard for my battery, I could now inscribe 
"Winchester" on it. 

I am, &c. 

R. Johnston, President Alexandria Canal Company, to the 


As the annual general meeting of the Alexandria canal Company, in April 1, 
which the State is a large stock-holder, takes place on the first Monday Alexandria 
iu May next, I beg leave to call your attention to the necessity of an 
early appointment of a proxy to represent the State in the company. 

The proxy appointed last spring is now a resident of Richmond, Edi- 
tor of the Enquirer. 

By the charter of the company the State can only appoint proxies, 

and does not appoint Directors as in other cases. 

Every member of the present Board except myself refuses to take the 



1862. oath of allegiance. I would respectfully suggest the following as suhV 

A1 Ap h. able persons to select from : 
Alexandria r 

Andrew Jamieson, Lewis McKenzie, Caleb S. Hallowell, Rol>ert Bell, 
S. Ferguson Beach, and William D. Massey. 

I am, &c. 

B. Jackson, President, to the Governor. 

April 7, At a meeting of the Exchange Bank of Va. Stockholders, held here 

LewJ8°Co * n * 8 ^ a y m accor ^ ance w * tn l ate act °f tne Legislature, the following- 
named Gentlemen are elected Directors of the Branch at this place for 
the ensuing year, viz.: Messrs. Richard P. Camden, A. A. Lewis, and G. 
J. Butcher. 

1 am, &c. 

G. Cramer Trimble, Major, to the Governor. 

April 8, I have the honor to report to you a very flattering vote in favor of 
Calhoun Co. ^ ne proposed Constitution in this county. None were allowed to cast 
their votes without first taking the oath of allegiance to support the 
" Federal Government and the restored government of Virginia as vin- 
dicated by the Wheeling convention." I forward to your Excellency 
the Poll-books of the several precincts. I have circulated an order for a 
mass-meeting of the county residents, to assemble here on the 16th day 
of the present month, to take some steps for the re-establishment of 
"Civil Law" and Postal facilities. We have no mail nearer than 43 
miles of this point. I earnestly trust that my course in this matter 
may meet the approbation of your Excellency. Please commission 
Charles B. May as Second Lieutenant in the 11th Va. Reg't, U. S. volun- 
teers, and send the commission to my address to Elizabeth, Wirt Court 

House, Va. 

I am, <&c. 

James T. Close to the Governor. 

April 14 O n Saturday last I attended a large Union meeting at Fairfax C. H., 
Alexandria an( j urged the necessity of the citizens organizing and establishing civil 
law under the restored government of Virginia at once. I learned that 
the Co. is divided up into six Districts, and that there was not a single 
officer, from the Judge down to the Justice, but what voted to ratify the 
ordinance of Secession ; since which time but one man has repented, 


1 that was Mr. Elsey, Justice of the 5th District, and he I could not 1862. 

The balance of the County officers have all retreated with the ^xandria 
>el army and taken all the County records with them, which leaves 
rything in disorder and confusion. 

That meeting passed resolutions requesting that the Governor should 
ler an election for county officers, to take place at our regular election 
be held on the 4th Thursday in May, that being as soon as they could 
»ibly organize and select their candidates. They also beg that you 
ill insist that all laws enacted shall be put in force without fear or 
or, as the Secessionists say here and elsewhere that they are not con- 
utional and will not respect them. You have no idea what the Union 
n of Fairfax co. have suffered. Some have been murdered in cold 
od, others are now rotting in Secession prisons, and many of them 
re had all their buildings destroyed and their personal property car- 
1 of)' by the Rebels. I wish the militia law could be organized, but 
citizens, I fear, will not come up to the mark. Such is my report of 
rfax co. 

I am, &c. 

James T. Close to the Governor. 

fours of the 31st ult., through Gen , l H. J. Samuels, came safely to April 14, 
id, requesting that I should notify the Banks of our city that they A,exandria 
st take the oath you sent me by the 12th inst, or be prosecuted for 
violation after the 12th inst 

iy report is that on the 10th inst., I visited each Bank and left one 
y of the oath enclosed and our last session acts, stating that I would 
I to-day and receive their oath properly made out, or their answer 
regard to the same. This I have done. The President, Cashier, and 
er officers of the Farmers Bank say that teste oaths are not constitu- 
lal ; also that one portion of the State can not make laws for the 
ole State, and that they will not take the oath, but have closed up 
Bank, having sent all their assets to Richmond and other papers, 
1 having but three 50-100 Dollars in specie on hand. 
I would recommend that the Bank be placed into the hands of Com- 
■jsioners at once, and the parties who are secessionists be arrested, or 
e security for their actions until their accounts are investigated. The 
cers of the Bank of the Old Dominion say they cannot take the 
h, and believe the law does not apply to them, so they continue on 
business. The officers of the Exchange Bank have taken the oath 
ier a protest, which, in my estimation, is no oath at all, but their ob- 
tions arc an insult to our restored government of Virginia, and Mr. 
zy refuses to record it. They did not take the oath you sent me, but 


1862. substituted the license oath, leaving out the duelling clause. The 
Afia d\ Directors as yet have not taken it; they are still doing business. I 
have now given you a full report of our Banks, and would further say 
they have all been engaged in the broker business, which is a violation 
of their charter, so Mr. Corse, the former broker, told me, as well as the 
citizens, which can be proved ; thus defrauding the State out of the reve- 
nue license imposed on brokers. Were it not for that Mr. Corse would 
have opened a broker's office, but could not compete with the Banks. 
This ends my report on Banks. 

I would further say that the merchants here of seces'n origin, and 
some others have passed resolutions declaring the law unconstitutional, 
and will test the same by law, refusing to close their stores. Our officers 
don't know what course to pursue, and want your assistance. The Pro- 
vost Marshal here, Col. Riley, is also interfering with the civil law in 
many ways, and has caused us much trouble. He was the Brecken- 
ridge candidate of New York State for Vice-President, and thinks if this 
war is ever settled it will be on their platform. I am anxious you 
should come and see us at once ; we have much to do and no one to do 
it. Let me hear from you by return mail. 

I am, (fcc. 

Geo. R. Latham to the Governor. 

April 14, While I was stationed at Belington, Va., I was, as you are aware, en- 
Monterey g a g e d principally in scouting and skirmishing with a gang of Guerrillas 
and horse thieves in the mountains of Tucker, Randolph, and Pendle- 
ton counties. We captured several of this pang and killed several 
others, among them their captain, Tom Powers. They have reorgan- 
ized with Zike Harper for Captain, and are committing all sorts of 
depredations, and the Union citizens have sent all the way here for me 
and my company to go to their assistance, and I am ordered out to 
start early in the morning. Can there be nothing done in the way of 
militia organization to suppress these bands of marauders without tak- 
ing the troops regularly in the U. S. service for that purpose? 

If I have gained a reputation for this kind of service, it has been by 
the force of surrounding circumstances ; having been detached, and not 
because I preferred it, for if I aspire to military distinction at all it is 
on a very different scale from this. I will, of course, be ambitious to 
do all that can be done, but I very much hope that there will be some 
arrangement made soon by which the U. S. forces may be rid of this 
kind of service. We will be troubled with Guerrillas in W. Va. this 


I am, &c. 


H. W. Crothkrs to the Governor. 

Last night we had a large and enthusiastic meeting in the Court 1862. 
House attended hy hundreds of citizens of town and county ; among MartiUsbu'nr 
others pome 50 Ladies. 

There is 9 or 10 Loyal magistrates in this county, and the Clerk -of 
County Court. They will at once organize in proper manner. Decided 
majority of these people Union, and the better class of fhein. We 
go to Winchester to-night by private conveyance. Will send you by 
express to-morrow some Documents useful to you. Sent you a package 
from Morgan Co., and will do the same from other counties. 

People here want you to stop and speak as you go to Washington. 

I am, &c. 

H. W. Crotuers to the Governor. 

This is the worst Secession hole that I have ever been in. April 22, 

The Clerk of the Court declines serving, and although we find a few Charlestown 
good union men, the masses — men, women, and children — are rampant 
rebels. The women spit on the soldiers as they pass headquarters. My 
opinion is that we are a few weeks too soon for this county and Fred- 
erick. The rebels still think that Jackson will return again. If Rich- 
mond was taken then they will give up. This is a wealthy section, and 
large amt of grain and horses are left, which Gen'l Banks intends con- 
fiscating for use of his army. We expect to see some other parties this 
morning, and go to Winchester by private conveyance in the afternoon. 
It has been raining for two days and nights, and is very disagreeable 
getting about. When Polsly gets back he will telegraph you from Har- 
per's Ferry. Don't start to Washington until you hear from him. I 
will hurry home and stay in your office while you are absent. Will 
write you again from Winchester. 

These people are not ripe for the Division, and that thing has done 
the reorganized government more harm than you can conceive of. Will 
explain more fully when I get home. 

I am, &c. 

O. W. IIersbell to the Governor. 

I have heen called on by three of the Union Magistrates of Winches- April 26, 
ter and requested to write to you with regard to a reorganization of the Wjnc hester 
civil authority in this county. 


1862. They state that your presence here would be productive of much good. 

W h 2 te an( *' i n( * ee d> ls a l ,n °8t indispensable. The people wish to see their Gov- 
ernor, and desire to hear not only a full exposition of your view9,but 
are desirous that you should with the least possible delay issue your 
proclamation requiring all loyal magistrates, commissioners, Clerks, con- 
stables, &c, to come forward and take the oath, <S:c., &c. There are 
many other reasons, to which I do not feel at liberty to refer, which 
would seem to make it extremely desirable that you should with as lit- 
tle lapse of time as your public duties will permit visit this people. 
You may rest assured that you will receive a cordial welcome, and in 
return the magistrate* will expect that you will address a mass-meeting 
of the people of this town and county. 

Should you conclude to come, please to notify ine two or three days 
ahead, so that hand-bills may be circulated thro' the county. 

I am, &c. 

Winchester, Va., April 26th, 1862. 
Gov. Francis Pierpoint, 

Wheeling, Va. : 
Gov. : 

I came here the other day to inspect Hospitals and attend to 
our wounded. This visit enabled me to look into the state of this com- 
munity. The military power cannot reach the evils that are to he reme- 
died here. In my opinion the civil authority should be established at 
once. I would merely urge upon you the necessity of coming herein 

This is a very important and influential town. It controls this Depot. 
It ought in my opinion to be seen to at once. Any aid we can 
give will be cheerfully accorded. I leave in an hour for N. Market I 
beg you will look after the interests of the Union cause in this region. 

Yours very truly. 

Geo. R. Latham, Captain Company B, Second Virginia Infan- 
try, to the Governor. 

April 28, I am here on a Guerrilla hunt, with a prospect of getting some game, 
in rp^ e rao8t f {he citizens are well disposed, and appear to feel an un- 
usual degree of security while we are in their midst. All the militia, 
and most of the volunteers, from W. Va. have deserted the Rebels. 
The Colonel and Adjutant of the Pendleton co. militia finding them- 
sefves minus a command, have volunteered as privates. Then* are 
many and sore complaints against Capt. John Snider and his company 


of " Mountain Rangers." They appear to be carrying on a kind of war- 1862. 
fere better suitable to savages than civilized men. The company is in p pn L?' 
the right place, but the right man is not at the head of it. Snider has 
been long known as a u Bully " ; has many personal enemies, and does 
not scruple to take advantage of the present condition of things to ob- 
tain satisfaction. I am in favor of dealing roughly with the leaders in 
this Rebellion, but if the Government is to be re-established over this 
this County, these people are our people, and as such should have pro- 
tection, or exasperation will be the result. I have called the attention of 
Gen'l Milroy to this matter. 

I am, <fcc. 

II. IIacjans to the Governor. 

Permit me to suggest that the Post at Huttonsville is in great peril, May 5, 
there being only Capt. H. C. Hagans' Infantry Co. to protect it, while a B* 1 " 10 ™ 11 * 
band of several hundred guerrillas are roaming through that region at 
will, and recently captured some 26 wagons, teams, and drivers only a 
few miles from Huttonsville. 

I think that reinforcements should be sent there as soon as possible. 
Please see to it. 

I am, &c. 

Samuel Walker to the Governor. 
I have been here for several days on a visit to my former home, and May 17, 

J. regret to say that the leven of Secession has done its work most 
effectually here ; indeed, nearly the entire population of the town are 
most decided secessionists. The pass system bothers them amazingly. 
They can't get out of town without a pass, and they are not willing (or 
at least a large majority of them are not) to take upon themselves the 
obligations required by the provost marshals, and the consequence is a 
great deal of grouliag. Desperate cases require desperate treatment, and 
I am of the opinion that Winchester is of that character. I have been 
informed that the justices who agreed to reorganize the county court 
under the restored government of the State, have become weak in the 
knees, and now decline to act. There is a desire, on the part of the 
loyal citizens, that you should visit this place. I have no doubt but a 
visit of that kind at this time would redound in good. You might put 
in operation the local civil authorities, which would tend greatly to en- 
courage and strengthen the union element of the town and county. I 



18tt2. would respectfully suggest that you make a visit to this place at the 

May 17, time the Federal Court shall be in session, which, I understand, will be 

during next week. I have been informed that there is a good deal of 

Unionism in the county, and if the restored government can be got to 

working, it would grow and strengthen. 

I am, &c. 

G. F. Watson to the Governor. 

May 31, You will be surprised to hear from me from this place, within 4 
of Gen. mu *es of Richmond, and whilst I write a severe engagement is going on 
McClelland within three miles of this place. The result of it, I know not. I have 
this moment seen prisoners brought in from Richmond ; 500 more sent 
from this place to Fortress Monroe yesterday. I have to remain here 
to-night, that I may have an interview with Gen'l McClelland. The 
Lunatic Asylum is put in charge of military surgeons. I do not know 
they will give it up to the State. 

I have no convenience of writing more at present. You shall hear 
from me in a few days at length. I have seen the immense fortifications 
at York Town, the White House, and as you see am now at the great 
scene of action. 

I am, <fcc. 

The Report of G. F. Watson, M. D m to the Governor op 

Virginia, as copied from the Records. 

Eastern Lunatic Asylum, 
Williamsburg, Va., June 5th, 1862, 

This day, DoctV Gillet F. Watson, who has been appointed by F. H. 
Pierpoint, Esq'?., Gov'r of Virginia, superintendent of this Institution, 
with full powers to manage the same until a loyal board of directors 
shall be appointed, made his appearance, and thereupon Doct. W. Clin- 
ton Thompson, who* had been appointed by Major Gen. McClelland to 
manage the institution under the military law now existing in this city, 
also appeared and resigned into the hands of the said Doct'r Watson, 
in conformity to authority from Gen'l McClellan, with which he, the 
said Doct. Thompson, had been invested as aforesaid. 

Doct. Watson, the Superintendent, in conformity with instructions 
from Governor Pierpoint, then tendered to the officers of the institution 
the oath of allegiance to the United States of America, which oath was 
taken by Henry M. Bowden, Summerset Moore, Jno. W. Hutch ings, 


Thomas R. Bowden, Robert Bachan, Felix Logue, John Bacon, and 1862. 

Henrietta S. Bowden ; Doct. Watson taking the oath at the name time 

as Superintendent. 

The oath was also tendered to Doct. John G. Williamson, Doct. Robert 
M. Garrett, William R. C. Douglas, R. R. A. Bowry, Allen Lindsay, 
William Goodman, Elizabeth Ware, Elizabeth C. Ware, Sarah Roper 
and Mary Roper, and also Mrs. Jane Moore, all of whom positively 
refused to take the same. Whereupon the Superintendent notified the 
parties so refusing to take the oath that their services as oflicers of the 
Asylum would no longer be required. 

The Superintendent then appointed Mrs. Marnex, Mrs. Johnson, and 
Miss Guard ward officers. 

[Signed] Gii.lrt F. Watson. 

S. W. Crawford to the Governor. 

I wanted to write to you some days ago, hut was prevented by the June 5, 
almost ceasless attention to my command. I accompanied Gen'l Banks Marl,n8l)Ur B 
in his late retreat from Strasburg, and although without command, as I 
bad just joined, I was of great service to him in counselling and advis- 
,,r *g with him, and he has so expressed himself to me, nothing could 
have been more wanton than the desertion of Gen'l Banks with our 
handful of men almost in the heart of the enemy's country. McDowell 
kept telegraphing that the enemy were in front of him — that Jackson 
a nd Ewell were there; and this when Gen'l Bank's scouts were looking 
lr *to the very camps of these officers. The Sec'ty War telegraphed to 
^»en'l B. that Jackson could not be in front of him, and thus the matter 
**t©od when Shields was ordered to McDowell and Banks to fall back. 

At Strasburg we had our supplies. At Front Royal, too, there was a 

^>epot where $150,000 worth of Commissary stores were kept, and but 

<*ne Reg't (the 1st Maryland) to guard them. Bank's army, greatly 

^educed, afforded a tempting prize to Jackson. Ewell lay near Luray. 

Jackson was in the South. Effecting a junction with E well's forces, 

Jackson moved down the Shenandoah and suddenly appeared at Front 

Jtoyal. You know the history of this move, and I "only refer to it to 

give you some items you may not have had. Our movement from 

Strasburg was not a moment too soon. It was to my advice that Gen'l 

Banks promptly retired. A few hours later and it would have been too 

late. The resistance we made at Winchester was necessary to save our 

trains and to show that we could make a stand. It did not succeed, for 

we were soon overpowered. At this point a large supply of commissary 

stores and some arms fell into the hands of the Rebels. The Union 

people here were robbed, their stores were closed, and these plunderers 



1862. took just what they wanted. Our troops retaliated when they returned, 

Martinsbun? an( * ^ ne 8ecesn were made to give up many of their ill-gotten gains. 1 
have seen the Campbells and the Pendleton's that reside here. They 
are strongly union, as you know, and, indeed, there is a great — of union 
sentiment here, and it is sincere. At last they are about to adopt some 
means among themselves to keep off the guerilla bands. The refugees 
are about to form a company to scour the country, a meeting having 
been called for that purpose. 

The officers and very many of the privates expressed themselves as 
heartily sick of the war, and would be glad enough to come under the 
old flag once more. This sentiment is more real among the army than 
among the people. At Winchester the people behaved outrageously. 
Women fired upon our troops and insulted them in every way. The 
Rebels acted like crazy people upon their arrival there; they rushed 
into the houses asking for something to eat and something to put on, 
and, indeed, this has characterized their conduct everywhere. They 
have not behaved so badly as I anticipated, and Jackson certainly acted 
with liberality towards our surgeons taken at Winchester, liberating 
them unconditionally. Jackson took nearly 2,000 prisoners. Poor Mr. 
Kennedy was marched off with the army. They parolled everybody 
they could, for they had hardly any food for themselves. 

My Brigade has reached this point ; unfortunately we are out of fur- 
niture, ifce., and must await their coming. The Gen'l is anxious to get 
ahead, and is. now in Winchester. I follow to-morrow morning. I 
would like verv much to see vou and talk with you. I feel that I 

v 1 ml 

should like to be with your troops, but at present I am a fixture. There 
is no doubt in my mind that there is a very strong union sentiment in 
the valley, kept down only by the fear of just such a raid as this has 
been. The people are afraid to manifest their sentiments, and what 
those who have already shown their loyalty will do now I cannot say. 
I feel for them from the bottom of my heart. The more I see of this 
foul and hellish rebellion the more satisfied I am that we should meet 
out to these people a quid pro quo. My whole soul is enlisted in this 
war ; we will, we must, carry our flag to the extremest south, where it 
has been insulted and reviled. I would like to hear from you. I am 
much interested in your noble effort to perfect the movement in your 
State. I hope to identify myself with you before long. In the mean 
time call upon me for any information you may desire. 

I am, &c. 


Gillet F. Watson to the Governor. 

By your instructions, I proceeded to Williamsburg. I found the city 1862. 
under a military Governor, and was informed by him that he could not Phila.' 
give up the asylum to me. That I must go and see Gen'l McClellan. I 
done so ; he at once gave me written orders to take possession of the 
asylum. I found Physicians and officers extreme Rebels. I made a 
clear discharge of them all. 

Gen. then furnished me one Phisician to assist me until I could pro- 
cure others, which I shall have in a few days, and also a plenty of good 
officers. I found no clothing, medicines or provisions of any conse- 
quence. I have taken an inventory of what I found. I made and had 
entered on the record the following, which I enclose you. I think it in 
strict accordance with your instructions to me. I am now on here pur- 
chasing such articles as the asylum can not do without — medicines, 
clothing, and provisions. I have said to those I have bought of, they 
will be paid by the auditor these bills. The expenditure of the institu- 
tion for the past year was $60,000. I hope to do your appointment 
honor. I think I can supply every want and comfort for $40,000. My 
aim will be to build up the institution. There is much room for im- 
provement. I would like you would pay it a visit when I have had 
time to arrange matters. I had supposed my dispatches to you went 
free, as I receive mine free. Let me hear from you. 

I am, &c. 

T. M. Harris, Colonel Tenth Virginia, to Col. Crowthers. 

You desire me to inform you of the State of things in and around j une m 
my district. Buchannon 

In reply I would say that I have for the last two months been actively 
engaged in carrying out instructions which I rece'd from Gov. Pierpoint 
at Clarksburg, and from Gen'l Fremont from time to time since he has 
been in command of the Department. There were a number of men 
who have heretofore been men of some influence in this part of the 
State, who, under Letcher's instructions and authority, expected to do 
a good deal in the way of getting up volunteer companies within our 
boundaries to operate within our lines, and to aid the cause of rebellion 
by preventing the collection of taxes for the support of the restored 
government, by cutting off our supplies and by capturing officers and 
men, and binding them by an oath to a neutral position. 

These men had others under their influence — men of desperate 
characters — who were the leaders of sub-organizations, who were carry- 
ing on the war by a system of marauding and plundering and murder. 


1802. The county of Greenbrier was the Head Quarters of the former class*, 

Buchannon wno ^^^ themselves Western Rangers. The counties of Webster* 
Braxton, Calhoun, Pocahontas, and Randolph were the Head Quartern 
of the latter class. Amongst the former, Perry Hays, Geo. Downs, an^l 
a man by the name of Sprigg, were chiefly relied on. Amongst the lat- 
ter, Ben Haymond, of Braxton; Walter Cool, of Webster, and Bill Har- 
per, of Tucker, were the most prominent of my acquaintance. Thougl^m 
thev had each of them men under them who had been schooled i«^a 
devilment by them until they had become ambitious even to excel tbei » 

masters. I commenced, according to the instructions referred to, a wai 

fare that was intended to crush out the whole concern. I have withiw "> 
the time specified, sent seven expeditions into the counties of Webste 
Braxton, and Randolph. I have killed some thirty men belong 1 n 
properly to the class of guerrillas. Have captured, and now have a 
prisoners, Walter Cool and Ben Haymond, two of the sub-leaders, ant 
five of their leading followers ; some of whom are now at Clarksbu 
awaiting their trial at the hands of a military commission assemble* 
there by Gen'l Kelley, and now in session. The balance of them will 
be turned over in time to be tried by the same tribunal. I have thi 
week captured Ben Haymond and two of his principal followers, ani^ 
killed another of bis worst men, and wounded them. I have Webste 
county completely subdued, and I may also say the same thing o 
Braxton, unless Col. Rathborne's milk and water policy shall hav 
given time, place, and opportunity to bad men to reorganize for futur 
mischief. Randolph is also cured if you will but hold the prisoners I 
sent you from that County, unless the guerrillas of Tucker should be 
reinforced from the Pendleton side of the mouutains. I am keeping 
constantly on the alert ; have my men much employed scouting, and 
hope soon to restore peace to this distracted region of country. 

I am. ike. 

L. A. IIagans to the Governor. 

June 23, At an election held on the 22nd ult., in the several counties of the 
Wheeling g^a^ f Virginia, you were chosen Governor of the State aforesaid. 

1 am, &c. 

David II. Strother, Capt. on Gen. Bank's Staff, to the Governor. 

June 25, As two weeks have elapsed since I saw you, and in that time I have 

Straeburg rece i vec i no communication in regard to the commission of Lt.-Colonel 

ordered by you to be forwarded by your Adjutant-Gen'!, I write to draw 


your attention to the fact, supposing that in the present uncertainty of 1862. 
the mails it may have miscarried, or from the pressure of more impor- g t ^S>5r' 
tant business it possibly may have heen overlooked. Gen. Banks pro- 
fessed himself well pleased with the proposed arrangement in regard to 
myself, and hoped it would be completed as soon as possible, as there 
are to be some changes in the personel of his staff, he desires to be able 
to give me a definite position for the campaign in the valley, which may 
be a very interesting one. In this view I have given up my position with 
Birney before Richmond, and am now awaiting orders at these Head- 
quarters in the valley. 

We are ominously quiet here, and the dearth of definite military 
news from other points seems like the calm that precedes the bursting of 
tJic storm — the last great struggle of the rebellion. This war success- 
fully concluded, the next work will be the clearing away the wreck of 
fincient dogmatism, prejudice, and party spirit, and the reorganization 
of Virginia on a liberal and progressive basis. As long as a shadow of 
Political power remains with thode who formerly governed and latterly 
have attempted to destroy this State, that reorganization will be slow 
and imperfect, for the habits and prejudices of a century cannot be 
changed by a year of Revolution and war. Hence it is that I have felt 
interested in the success of your scheme, for the establishment of West- 
ern Virginia as an independent State. There we find a people already 
ripe for the change and eager to profit by the advantages offered in the 
President's suggestion of emancipation. Before lower Virginia accepts 
this idea she must be occupied by a new people, and until time and suf- 
fering shall have subdued the bitterness of party and sectional feeling 
in the Valley, the people here will be slow to accept the inevitable. 
Why, then, should loyal Western Virginia, so long misgoverned and 
clopged by the arrogant and stupid abstractionists of the East, still be 
forced to see her capacities for progress and prosperity smothered under 
the ruins of antiquated and exploded systems, ignominious failures and 
subjugated treason. Hoping to hear from you soon, 

I am, <fec. 

The certificate of the election and qualification of James S. Wheat as July 1, 
Attorney-General of Virginia, is filed. O h *° ^°- 

The certificate of the election and qualification of Francis H. Pier- July], 
point as Governor of Virginia, is filed. ^ hio ^°- 

The certificate of election and qualification of Daniel Polsley as July 1 
Lieut.-Governor of Virginia, is filed. 


P. Frost, Lieutenant-Colonel Commanding Post, to the 


1802. Knowing how much you are interested in what is transpiring within 

Ravenswood tne I" 11 ** 8 °f y° ur executive jurisdiction, I take a moment to write you 

a brief account of what has taken place in this quarter the past week. 

In the first place then. I have the pleasure to apprize you of the arrest 
of Geo. Downs, Wm. Harris, Seth Rodgers, Newton Ratcliff, and James 
W. Morgan — all bushwackers — by Capt. Meyers' Company, 11th Va. 
Reg't, in a skirmish at Big Bend on 2nd July. They all left here last 
night for Gen'l Kelley's Headquarters. 

Last Sunday information reached me that a load of . groceries, &c, 
belonging to Dr. Chapman, of Spencer, was captured whilst on its way 
from this place, by Hugh Kyger, Noah Tanner, and Andy Dudley. I 
sent out a squad of Capt. Rowand's cavalry company, under command 
of Lieut. Dawson, with orders to burn the houses of Kyger and Tanner, 
which orders I am happy to state were executed to the letter. On last 
Thursday I received a message from an old gentleman named Spotts 
that the Rangers, under Kyger, had arrested him the night before, and 
swore him to support the Southern Confederacy. I detailed a squad of 
cavalry, 14 in number, in pursuit of them, with instructions to visit cer- 
tain secesh houses, where I was satisfied the rangers were in the habit 
of eating. About three o'clock on the 4th a messenger came in, and in- 
formed me that our force had been fired upon by at least 60 Rangers, 
and one man killed — Charles McCoy, of Capt. Howard's company — and 
that the horse of Corporal Dawson had been shot in the leg, and in fall- 
ing had thrown Dawson and dislocated his shoulder. 

From Sergeant Jenkins I learned these facts : That at the house of 
Henry Shephard, who is a Ranger, the cavalry men found that all the 
beds in the house had just been vacated, and that a large quantity of 
bread had been baked. Shephard's house was consequently set on fire 
and burned. They next visited the house of Abel V. Syoc, whose son 
is a Ranger, and were roughly received by the old gentleman. He said 
he had fed the Rangers, and some of them were just as good as the 
Yankees. His house was burned, and the men proceeded further up 
the creek (Sand) in the further execution of my orders. On the return 
of the squad they were fired upon about ten o'clock from three different 
points upon the farm of Shephard, and about a hundred yards from 
the burnt house. At the first fire McCoy was wounded, and fell from 
his horse (supposed to be killed), and the horse of Corporal Dawson 
falling in the road from a shot in the leg, the horses of Sergeant Taylor 
Frost and private Conley pitched pell mell over Corporal Dawson, dislo- 
cating his shoulder and dismounting their riders. All was the wildest 
confusion for a few minutes, the rangers all the while pouring their balls 


into the crowd. In a little while the men were remounted and an 1802. 
effort made to recover the body of McCoy, but the odds being too great Jul y tt » 
against them, they were compelled to retreat. 

About five o'clock, with Capt. Ramond, I was at the head of a detach- 
ment of cavalry and a detachment of Capt. Buckley's Infantry, and 
marched at double quick to the scene of the engagement. Just before 
we reached it, we met a wagon conveying McCoy to Ravenswood, who 
was still living, though, I fear, mortally wounded. Before reaching the 
point of attack, I was fully satisfied that the rangers numbered over 
fifty. I learned that on the 4th after the fight 12 of them took supper 
at Elijah Baker's, and boasted of whipping the Yankees, and said they 
were eighty strong. Their leader, Kyger, said they were to be at Big 
Bend that night, and left Baker's for that place. Our men scouted the 
country for miles, but could hear nothing more of them. I arrested 
several men, and satisfied myself* that the Rangers had contemplated an 
attack upon Ravenswood, but were disconcerted by the force I had sent 
out on the 3rd. They had taken great pains to ascertain our strength, 
and enquired of several persons what we were doing in town. I or- 
dered the houses of Joseph Smith, occupied by Mrs. Delimouth and her 
daughter, Mrs. M. G. Hester, whose husbands^are both in the Confede- 
rate service, to be burned ; also the house of Patton Corder, who is also 
in the woods. On my return, I ordered the men to drive in the stock 
of Henry Shephard, and I now have here a valuable lot of cattle, 
which I presume will be turned over to the U. S. marshal. 

You will see by this communication that I have adopted a rigid 
policy in my treatment of the bushwhackers ; a less stringent one will 
not do. The enemy are daily increasing in strength in the River coun- 
ties, and are growing more and more insolent. I hope my course will 
meet the approbation, or, at least, will encounter no opposition. It has 
the sanction of the Union element here, and all who are acquainted with 
the condition of things in the counties of Roane, Jackson, and Calhoun 
concur with me that as the disease is desperate the remedy must also 
be desperate. 

I am, &c. 

L. W. Webb to the Governor. 

I wish you to bring your Executive power to bear upon the commis- j u i y 12, 
sioners appointed to close up the Banks of Virginia, or the President Norfolk 
and Cashier, if they are at fault, the reason is this: The Virginia Bank 
has advertized that they have reorganized and are prepared to do busi- 
ness, but they do not propose to redeem their issue, but they allow parties 
owing them to pay off their indebtedness in notes of their Bank or 


1862. branches; that mode of doing business is very unjust, for instance: I 

N^f He ma ^ owe tne ^ an ^ $1000* an( J I <am go into the market and buy their 
notes at a discount of 80 per cent, and pay off my indebtedness of $1000 
for 200, while another man holds notes of the Bank of $1000 he is com- 
pelled to sell them at a loss of $800. You will at once see how unjust 
it is to the note holders. 

I wish if it is in your power to have the matter remedied and make 
the Banks receive good money from those indebted to them, then the 
note holders will be satisfied to receive what they can pay alter they go 
into liquidation. 

I am, <fcc. 

July 12, The certificate of the appointment and qualification of Clifford Stanley 
Sims as a commissioner of the State of Virginia for and in State of 
Pennsylvania is on file. 

Office of the Adjutant-General of Virginia. 

Wheeling, August 22nd, 1862. 

To His Excellency F. H. Pierpoint, Gov. : 

The counties west of the Alleghaney mountains from which men 
are to be raised by volunteering or draft are Hancock, Brooke, Ohio, 
Marshall, Wetzel, Tyler, Doddridge, Harrison, Marion, Monongalia, Tay- 
lor, Preston, Barbour, Upshur, Lewis, Pleasants, Wood, Ritchie, Jackson, 
Mason, Putnam, and Kanawha. Some volunteers may be obtained out- 
side of these limits, but to enforce a draft would be impracticable. In 
fact, in several of the counties I have named a draft would be an opera- 
tion of extreme difficulty, and attended with great delay, as the condi- 
tion of things has been such that the loyal State Government has not 
yet succeeded in effecting a regular organization of the Militia within 
those counties. 

These twenty-two counties had at the time the United States census 
of 1860 was taken, a white population 203,119. We may fairly esti- 
mate that one-fifth of this population were Secessionists. The vote on 
the Secession ordinance in May last. 1861, was about in that proportion. 
Many of the young men have since joined the rebel forces, and many 
have withdrawn to the Confederate States. The frequent inroads made 
or threatened by guerrillas and marauders have driven many union peo- 
ple to other States. 

The population, therefore, West of the Alleghanies, from which our 
quota of the Union Army is drawn, cannot be over 160,000. According 
to the usual proportion of one-eighth, there would be out of this num- 



ber 20,000 able-bodied men between the ages of 18 and 45 capable of 1862. 
efficiently performing military duty. There certainly will be over 25,000. 

From this number we have already furnished to the Union Army 
11,000 three years volunteers. This is about 5£ per cent, of our whole 
population in 1860. The free population of the loyal states is over 
20,000,000; an equal percentage would have raised an army of 1,000,000. 
The whole number of three years volunteers was stated by Secretary 
Cameron in December, 1861, at 640,637. This is but three per cent of 
the population. We have then supplied nearly double our pro|>ortion. 

The calls upon us from the War department, if we have not misun- 
deretood the matter, are as follows, viz. : 

1st For two Regiments of three years volunteers, 2,080 men. 
2nd. For Militia to be drafted to serve nine months, 4,600 men. 
3rd. By a recent order of the Department it is stated — 
"Fifth. If the old Regiment should not be filled up with volunteers 
before the first day of September, a special draft will be ordered for the 
deficiency," and we have been officially advised that to fill up our old 
Regiments will require 6,583 men. 

This, in addition to the 11,000 men already sent into the field, it 
would seem we are expected to furnish 12,263 more, or in all 23,263. I 
can only say that the United States Government may depend on us to 
the last man, and the last dollar we can raise, but to comply with these 
requisitions is an impracticability. Many of our men capable of per- 
forming military duty are already engaged as volunteers under State 
organization in defending their respective districts, and watching and re- 
pulsing the inroads of the thieves, house-burners, and murderers, which, 
under the special instigation and instruction of the Letcher government, 
have been constantly invading the rural districts and threatening our 
towns. Our men in this way do efficient service without expense to the 
United States. To take all our able-bodied men would be to surrender 
many parts of West Virginia to the control of the Rebels. 

We are differently situated in Western Virginia from those fortunate 
States which have not been and do not expect to be invaded by the 
enemy. The man who volunteers or is drafted from those States feels 
that he leaves all safe at home. His presence is not required for the pro- 
tection of his family and his home, unfortunately it is not so with us. 
We have the war in our midst, and in some sections it is waged not by 
army against army or by one organized band against another, but by 
neighbor against neighbor. Having already furnished to the army 
nearly six per cent, of our available population, we have in truth already 
advanced our quota of the recent call for 600,000 more men. When the 
other States shall have complied with that call they will then only have 
equalled what we have already done. 

Still we expect to do whatever is in our power. The Department has 



1862. called for two regiments of three years' men. We shall be able in a few 
day 8 to put four such regiments in the field. We shall then have fur- 
nished 15,000 men for the war, seven and a half per cent, of our total 
population as shown by the census of 1860. An equal quota through- 
out the loyal States would have brought a million and a half of men 
into the field. May we not venture then to entertain the hope that if 
we do this the draft may be dispensed with in consideration of our 
peculiar position, and of what we shall have done for the defence of the 


With great respect, 

Your obed't Servant, 

Henry I. Samuels, 

Adg't Gen. Va. 

N. B. The above applies to trans-alleghany, Va. Col. Jas. T. Close of 
Alexandria will probably raise a reg't in East Virginia. 

In some counties if a draft is attempted it will drive into the Confed- 
erate lines and armies more men than we will obtain. 

H. I. S. 

Jos. Darr, Jr., to the Governor. 

Aug. 22, I take pleasure in informing you that on application I have received 
Wheeling au thority to release prisoners here on your recommendation, and enclose 

copy of order. 

I am, &c. 


Washington, D. C, Aug. 22, y 62. 

Major Jos. Darr, P. M. G. : 

You are authorized to release prisoners on oath and bond, as 
Gov. Pierpoint desires. 

By order Sec't'y of War. 

(Signed) L. C. Turner, 

Judge Advocate. 


Aug. 25, A part of Gen'l Cox's Division of the Army has passed and is passing 

Parkerbburg ( nroU g n this place on their way to Washington, and I must confess that 

I have felt more mortification and humiliation in hearing of and seeing 

their conduct than I have at anything of minor importance during the 



I do not hesitate to say that this Division of the army is utterly de- 1862. 
moralized, and entirely beyond the control of the officers ; indeed, in x> a ^ereburjr 
many instances I do not think the officers care or make any effort to 
control them. Of course this does not apply to the whole Division, but 
to a considerable part of it. In coming over land from Charleston, 
Kanawha, to this point, they committed many depredations, as I am in- 
formed, and of some of which I have evidence. I will give you one 
case in this county. 

As the artillery and cavalry came down Tyart's creek they stopped 
and broke open a small store and there got some whiskey, which they 
drank of course. They then came on to the house of Human B. Deem, 
who is a very respectable citizen, is entirely loyal, was elected and is 
holding a commission as justice of the peace under the loyal govern- 
ment of the State; and, indeed, has been rather a zealous Union man, 
and has been very liberal in his donations. They took possession of 
Mr. Deem's bouse and farm and everything inside and outside of the 
house. They cursed him and his family, and talked very vulgarly and 
indecently to Mr. Deem's wife and children. They broke open his 
bureaus, and every drawer and secret recess about the house. They 
took his pocket-books (four in number) containing all his private papers 
of the value of some three thousand dollars — mostly of bonds, notes of 
hand, and obligations on persons through the county — carried them off 
and destroyed a great part of them. On yesterday he and his friends 
were able to find a part of them strewed along the road for a mile or 
more this side of his house ; some torn to pieces and destroyed, others 
so that they may be used. Probably he has recovered one-half of the 
They took his wearing apparel, coats, pants, shoes, &c. 
They took the wearing apparel of his deceased relatives and memen- 
toes of those relatives. They took the jewelry of the family, such as 
breast-pins, ear-rings, finger-rings, bracelets, &c. They destroyed and 
used all the butter and milk about the establishment; they killed his 
pigs, sheep, chickens, turkeys, &c. ; they took two guns which he had 
and was using to fight off guerrillas with ; one of them a very fine rifle, 
and acted in a most mean and dartardly way generally. They hunted 
up and deliberately cut to pieces all his harness and bridles, except one 
bridle probably. All this after Mr. Deems had offered and was willing 
to give them whatever they wanted for themselves or their horses to 
eat, and after he had treated them in the kindest and most hospitable 

I have given only a meagre statement of what took place at Mr. 
Deem's. He came to me yesterday, and knowing him as I did to be a 
thorough union man, and after hearing his statement of himself and 
wife and children, and the destruction of his property, I became sick — 


1862. sick at heart to think that these outrages should have been committed 
P kerebu u P° n a un ^on man by a union army. 

Mr. Deem commenced life a very poor man. He has made some- 
thing — bought a very comfortable farm and was doing well. This stroke 
just about ruins him, as a considerable part of the papers destroyed 
were in his hands as administrator of two estates ; some of the papers 
also belonged to a relative who is now a volunteer in the service. Mr. 
Deem has a brother in the U. S. service, and while he has a very large 
family connection in this region, there is not one of them disloyal. 

These same soldiers that ruined Mr. Deem were in town here yester- 
day, and came near taking the corporation. They went into a number 
of stores and treated the proprietors and clerks badly and took what 
goods they wanted, and did about as they pleased without any restraint 
from the officers, so far as I could see, until nearly night, when they 
were arrested in their mad conduct; and what is singular in almost 
every instance their depredations were committed on Union men, and 
to cap the climax, some twelve or fifteen of them went to the jail be- 
tween midnight and day this morning and tried to break that open, for 
what purpose I do not know, nor did they say, but were driven off with- 
out doing much damage. 

If this Division of the army is not demoralized, I do not understand 
that term. I can now understand why Gen'l Cox has always failed of 
success. His men are under no discipline at all. 

The facts that I have stated can be substantiated by a multitude of 

I am, <fec. 


Sept. 4, It seems to be believed here from the reports given by persons from 

Parkeraburg the neighborhood of Roane C. H., that Col. Rathbone has surrendered 
without firing a gun, giving up himself and about 200 of his men. 
Some 200 more of his men left Ravenswood night before last to go to 
Spencer (Roane C. H.), but it is to be hoped that they heard of the 
danger before they arrived there. If they did not they, too, may have 
gotten into the trap. Jenkins did not make his appearance at Spencer, 
so these refugees say, but the forces, about 300 strong, were commanded 
by Jim Stveeney, formerly of Wheeling, and it was to him that Rathbone 
surrendered. Indeed, it seems to be the opinion of these refugees that 
Imboden, with his main force, is back between Spencer and Weston 
somewhere; they, of course, don't know exactly where. But he may 
be lurking back with the intention of striking the Rail Road, or he may 
have hastened on past Si>eneer to the Kanawha valley, or he may have 


turned out toward Braxton. The truth is, we are completely in the 1802. 
dark as to his movements, except as to the force that went to Spencer, p^u^'u' 
I have just heard that several of Jenkins' or Sweeney's scouts or pickets 
came down Reedy within ten miles of Wirt C. H. yesterday ; if so, they 
may come to the C. H. or they may not. If they come here we are pre- 
pared for them just now, as Co). Mulligan is here with one of his Regi- 
ments well drilled, and the new 116th Ohio is here armed, but without 
any drill. I think it is a burning shame that Imboden is permitted to 
stalk through this country as he pleases without being even annoyed by 
any of our men. 

I am, &c. 

Wm. A. Harrison to the Governor. 

I learned yesterday you were alraent during our late trouble, and pre- 8ept 4, 
some you are now in possession of the operations of Jenkins. My clark8bar K 
opinion now is, that with the arms, horses, and men Jenkins got when 
at Buchannon and Weston and Gilmer, he will be able very soon to 
mount, clothe, and arm at least 1,000 men for fall operations. If Imbo- 
den is really fitting out an expedition for our country, he and Jenkins 
will pre-arrange their movements or make simultaneous assaults upon 
different points of the rail road. 

As the Gov't at Washington does not heed the warnings of private 
individuals, I suggest that you caution it as to the threatened danger of 
K. Western Va. being retaken. 

I fear now the people will lose their confidence in the ability of the 
Govt, either State or Federal, to protect them and yield up to the South 
as the Secesh now urge them. A great many half way union men will 
play this game upon us. Jenkins left Weston with 650-odd mounted 
men and a number of extra horses and saddles. 

I am, <fec. 

D. D. F. Farnswortii to the Governor. 

Doubtless you have heard before this of this place being taken on Sept. 4, 
Saturday, the 30th ultimo, by Jenkins' cavalry, some 1,000 strong, and Buckh *non 
destroyed all the Government stores, worth some two or three hundred 
thousand dollars, and then breaking open some of the private stores 
and made havoc with the goods. They rifled my store. I made my 
escape after standing with my gun until the fight was over. We had in 
a manner no force, only Capt. Marsh's company and our battery boys, 
but never did men fight better, and had we a few more such we would 


18«2. have whipped them. Their loss was 9 killed and some 10 or 12 
Bukh* 4 » wounded. Ours 9 wounded, two have died, and more probably will. 
They acted more like demons than like men. They stole all the horses 
that they could get their hands on. We are in the most exposed condi- 
tion that any people ever was. The whole rout from here to Poca- 
hontas county is open. The same rout that Jenkins came in at, and 
unless there is a great change in the management of affairs, and that 
soon, this country will be completely overrun. 

I am in possession of information that I think can be relied on, that 
Jenkins was to make the rade, which he has for the purpose of weaken- 
ing every point that he could, and to get all the volunteers and horses 
that he could get his hands on, and return amediately to Floyd, who is 
now in Pocahontas, and conduct him into this place for the purpose of 
holding it. Jenkins, with part of his force, has already made the cir- 
cuit, and is doubtless now back to Floyd. The other part of his forces, 
I understand, were pushing on towards Harrisville, and thus you see 
it will take but a few days for the combined forces to be here. Unless 
a heavy force be sent us soon we will be completely overrun. 

I am confident that there is a screw loose some place, and I fear it is 
in the head commander of this reagon. I will not mention names. 
Permit me to suggest to you what I think should be done. You can 
weigh it for what it is worth. 

I think a strong line of defence should be made up the great valley 
of the Kanawha, up the tigert valley to near Pocahontas co. A strong 
force at this place, Weston, and Braxton or Sutton, and then the Rail 
Road from Parkersburg to Wheeling would be protected as well as all 
West Va., and I do think that unless some such plan is adopted soon 
that this whole reagon will be completely overrun at least for the pres- 
ent. Our citizens are in great excitement. Many are talking of leav- 
ing for some other State where they can have protection. 

I am, <fcc. 

Henry C. Flesiier to the Governor. 
Sept. 5, Asking influence to get commission as Assistant Adju't-General in 

"kCr Miiro >'' 8 Brigade - 

Brigade near 

D C 

B. F. Caldwell, Dentist, to the Governor. 

Sept. 6, I consider it important to inform you of some improper acts that have 

Charleston, j^^ committed against the good citizens of this section of the State. 

Numerous negro slaves have received passes from officers of the Army 


in this valley to go beyond the territory of this State. Mm loyal to the 1862. 
Union, its constitution and government of the United States, have been Charleston 
in this way robbed of their slaves, and this work of aiding slaves to Ka. 
escape from their owners is constantly going on, and their owners are 
opposed by soldiers in their attempts to retake them. I myself have 
lost no less than six young negro men valuable to me. I know where 
they are, but a mob of the Government employees in one instance after 
I had taken one of these negroes forced him from my hold of him and 
would not allow me to arrest the others. 

Now, Sir, I ask you as the Governor of the State if there is no protec- 
tion from such robberies? I have applied to the Magistrates of this 
place, but they are afraid to give me or issue a warrant against the men 
who have thus robbed me. Citizens who would aid me to arrest my 
slaves decline to do it because thev are afraid of the soldiers and em- 
ployees of the State. Col. Smith, of this place, is now in Wheeling, and 
can also inform you of the sad condition of things. I ask you to aid 
roe to recover my negroes so far as the enforcement of the existing laws 
will enable you to do it. Your commanding the civil officers to per- 
form this duty would have good effect. They pay but little attention to 
their duties now. 

Messrs. Slack, Gen. Ruffer, and Dr. Patrick have each told me that 
they recommended me to you to be commissioned and allowed to enlist 
men, but no authority or commission has yet come to me. I would get 
aiany to enlist who come here from Greenbrier and Monroe if I had 
authority to do it. 

Please answer this and inform me if you cannot do something to resist 
the assisting of slaves to get away from their owners. This community 
is greatly excited and dissatisfied about it. 

I am, <fec. 

D. Frost to the Governor. 

I snatch a moment from pressing business to write you a line. From Sept. ft, 
all the information I can gather from other sources than the parol led ar ers urg 
officers and men, I learn that Jenkins 7 force numbers about 800, well- 
mounted and armed. They came unannounced upon Col. Rathbone, 
and flag of truce was the first intimation our forces at Spencer had of 
the fact Everything the Rebels could not make serviceable was de- 
stroyed. Col. Rathbone the day before heard that a strong force of 
guerrillas were in Gilmer county, and he ordered Capt. Buckey to send 
him what men he could from Ravens wood. Capt. Buckey accordingly 
started with all his force except 20 men, whom he left in charge of the 


1862. Post at Ravenswood. When within a short distance of Spencer he heard 

Pa^erebun? * nat ^* ^ atnDone na( * surrendered Camp Spencer. 

He immediately dispatched a messenger back to Ravenswood with 
instructions to the men there to move the train and stores over the 
river. This they did, and I am happy to state the whole train and all 
our stores are safely on their way to this place. 

Our boys fired upon Jenkins' men for about two hours from the hill 
opposite the town, wounding them. One of Jenkins' men was drowned 
whilst fording the river to route our boys. Sweeney, of Wheeling, was 
with Jenkins, and gave orders for the destruction of the Printing office 
(my property). It is a total ruin. Several stores were rifled and all 
the good horses stolen. 

From Ravenswood they moved towards Racine, Ohio, stealing horses 
as they went. Gen. Jenkins and Sweeney made especial enquiries after 
me. The Fitzhughs were all with Jenkins (former residents of Ravens- 
wood). 1 am told they had a real jollification at old Mrs. Fitzhughs. 
I leave at 3 o'clock this afternoon with about 700 men for Oak Hill, a 
station on the Portsmouth Rail Road, 20 miles in the rear of Galliopolis. 
I have yet probably 200 men at Galliopolis. I intend to harrass Jen- 
kins if I can catch up to him. I have telegraphed Col. Lighthouse, but 
can not get communication with him. 

Major Trimble will give you details. Our Regiment will be 700 
strong after all. I am gathering it together as fast as possible. I will 
telegraph you from Galliopolis. 

I am, <fcc. 

A. F. Ritchie to the Governor. 

Sept. 15, There seems to be a good deal of dissatisfaction among the Union 

Fairmont men ^ eve [ n regard to the idea of arming the secesh in common with 

the union men in as much as fully two-thirds of this 118 Reg't is 

secesh. They, the Union men, are in favor of separating from them by 

volunteering into cavalry Cos. and home Guards. 

My own opinion is that if the people of this and adjoining counties 
had assurance that they would be armed and equipped at the expense 
of the Government, and not taken out of Western Va., there would be 
enough volunteer cavalry raised to drive out and protect from rebel 
raids, &c. Mr. Reeson will see you on this subject I will order out 
the Reg't as soon as I get my commission. 

I am, <fcc. 


Joseph Stiles, Commissioner Revenue, to the Governor. 

Immediately upon receipt of order to enrol Militia in Fairfax, I pro- 1862. 
ceeded to appoint assistants, &c, but before the enrolment was half Alexandria 
completed the Federal troops fell back to the fortifications in front of 
Alexandria, leaving nearly all of Fairfax county outside of the Federal 
lines. It is, therefore, impossible to make an enrolment of the militia 
in my county. 

I am, &c. 

Joseph Snider, Colonel Seventh Virginia Regiment,, to the 


Asking his influence to have the 7th Va. Reg't returned to \V. Va. for ge p t. 19, 
recruiting the health and numbers of the Reg't, greatly depleted by Nharpsbnrg 
constant service. 

T. M. Harris, Colonel 10th Virginia, to the Governor. 

Asking instructions as to taking possession of the cattle and horses of Sept. 19, 
such men as have left home to join the rebel army. Buckhanon 

B. F. Shuttleworth & Bro. to the Governor. 

Asking instructions as to the quantity of salt that would be allowed Sept. 24, 
to l>e purchased for the people of Clarksburg and surrounding Counties Clarksburg 
at one time for fear of falling into the hands of the enemy. 

Gillet F. Watson to the Governor. 

I see that the Governors of the different States have met in consulta- gept. 28, 

tion. Please inform me what was done so far as prudence will allow Dnimmond 

i own 
you. I do not ask you to communicate to me anything which you 

would not feel justifiable in so doing as a confidential friend. I speak 
of the opinion of that body as to the confiscation of slaves belonging to 
unconditional Union men of Eastern Virginia. I see by the late pro- 
clamation of the President he offers no compensation to the few loyal 
amongst us, but speaks of recommending to Congress to make some pro- 
vision of so indefinite a character as it amounts to nothing. I shall look 

to you to protect by your influence the interests of the few loyal men in 



1862. my district and elsewhere in this part of Virginia. General H. Lock- 

Dramimmd wo °^ * 8 now granting free papers to all the negroes belonging to disloyal 

Town persons in my district that have in any manner been employed in giving 

aid and comfort to the enemy. What an excitement we have amongst 

us! 1 am happy to inform you that the secessionists are having their 

rights dealt to them in a proper manner. 

I feel as my salary is to continue until I can return to Wins Burg, if 
there be any service I can render to your government during ray stay 
from my place of duty, that it will give me pleasure to serve the Gov- 
ernment, and you have only to name what shall be done and it will be 
dutifully attended to. At the meeting of the next Legislature I think 
there should be a United States Senator elected. I ask of you that you 
should allow. me to use you/ name foj that important position. 

You will please answer upon this point at once, as I may wish to can- 
vass the question in my district. 

Judge Bowden is with me; we leave for Washington to-morrow that 
we may have an interview with the President in behalf of the few loyal 
persons of Eastern Virginia. You will answer me at once, and direct 
your letter to Willard's Hotel, Washington, D. C. 

I am, <fcc. 

T. M. Harris, Colonel 10th Viruinia, to the Governor. 

Oct. 16, The rebel cavalry stationed on the Great Kanawha and Gauley and 
Bulltown j^ rcn i(i vers> aided by guernlla bands, have been very busy for the last 
five or six weeks stealing all the horses they can find belonging to Union 
men in the counties of Braxton, Nicholas, Gilmer, and Calhoun. They 
have also occasionally ventured into the edges of Ritchie, Lewis, and 
l T pshur. They have taken from many a man his last horse, leaving 
him nothing to carry on his farming operations or even to go to mill on. 
They have not stopped at robbing men, but in many instances have 
treated poor widowed women in the same way. These parties have, as 
far as I have been able to learn, been led by young men who have run 
off from the draft and joined the rebels whom they now lead back in 
bands to plunder their respective neighborhoods. Many Secessionists 
all over the country openly countenance and encourage this thing, not- 
withstanding they are sworn to be loyal citizens, being emboldened by 
the idea thut the rebel cause gains the victory in every battle, and is 
just on the eve of being permanently established. They have come to 
the conclusion, from the misstatements of the rebel officers and troops 
with whom they have all along been in secret conference, that the power 
of the Gov't is insufficient to put down the rebellion, and is all the time 
growing weaker, while that of the rebellion is gaining strength rapidly. 


It is to be feared that there are but few amongst those secessionists who 1862. 
are not known openly to aid and encourage this policy of stealing the g^j^^ 
horeea of loyal men but what wish the cause well. At all events, these 
thieves are very careful to leave their horses unmolested. I have given 
you this information, which you may rely upon as correct, in order to 
offer a suggestion for your consideration founded upon it. 

The suggestion is this, that the horses of secessionists be taken into 
custody by the military authorities with the understanding that when 
the horses of union men shall have been returned, these horses will also 
be returned. Let a principle be adopted similar to an exchange of 
prisoners in the matter, and that the Gov't may not be burdened with 
the expense of keeping these horses, let any that are not needed by the 
army for present use be turned over to Union men in their respective 
neighborhoods, who will keep them for the use of them. 

I have no doubt if some such policy as this should be adopted, most 
of these stolen horses would be returned. If it strikes you favorably, 
confer with Gen. Cox, and have a Gen. order issued that will meet the 

I am, &c. 

K. H. Milroy, Brigadier-General, to the Governor. 

I arrived here yesterday in obedience to the orders of Major-Gen'1 Oct. 18, 
Cox. I left the 5th and 8th Va., and brought with me in their stead c,ark » bur B 
the 9th Va. and the 116th Ohio. The 5th and 8th being raised in the 
lower part of this State and on the Kanawha, would be more useful 
than troops unacquainted with the country, but I was sorry to part 
with them. The advance of my Reg't will be here this evening, and 
the balance to-morrow. 

This shows what ^inefficient brain heads have the control of our 
armies. Had I been permitted to stop here on the 3rd Inst, (two weeks 
ago), I might now have been a 100 miles in the interior. Instead of 
this we have lost two weeks of the finest season of the year, spent about 
$100,000 in transportation, and are now getting back to where every 
sensible man would say we ought to start from. Comment is unneces- 

I have learned since I got here that Capt. Roan's company of the 1st 
Va. cavalry have mutinied and thrown down their arms and refuse to 
take them again. The cause is the miserable old worthless arms that 
they have been forced to keep since their organization, whilst every 
other Company of their Regiment has been armed with carbines and re- 
volvers. The Regiment was originally armed with the pidol carbine, 
but have all got them exchanged for good carbines and revolvers except 


1962. this one company. The pistol carbine is a sort of an old blunderbuss 
CUu-kflnir tnat w *** se ^ om throw a ball in ten feet of where it is aimed, and has 
been universally discarded by modern cavalry, and to keep a company 
in active service armed with them so long as Copt. Roan's company has 
been, is very disheartening and demoralizing. This has done a great 
deal of service and deserves better arms. 

Their services are very much needed at this time and very important. 
You will do them and the service very great favor if you will procure 
them carbines and revolvers. Can you not do it at once ? 

Col. Wilkinson, who will hand this to you, will tell you the news. 
There is some prospect of us having some work to do soon. 

I am, &c. 


Oct. lft, In my last, Doct. Thompson, of Indiana, was, by the Gen'l com m and - 

l, u * * ing army of Potomac, appointed Physician and Superintendent to the 
Eastern Lunatic Asylum at Williamsburg. While he was in office he 
appointed me to one of the wards in said Asylum. Some eight or ten 
days after Doct. Watson, from the Eastern Shore of Virginia, made his 
appearance at the asylum with an appointment from yourself as Physi- 
cian and Superintendent to said Asylum. Whereupon Doct Thompson 
withdrew from his position, and those of us who were willing to take 
the oath of allegiance to the Government of the United States of 
America were reappointed by Doct. Watson. 

I continue*! in my office as warden up to 20th of August. On that 
day Doct. Watson and the rest of the officers of the asylum l>ecanie 
alarmed and ran off, leaving me alone at the Asylum with directions 
to carry the keys to Col. Campbell, who was at that time military Gov- 
ernor of Williamsburg. I did so. After being questioned by the Gov- 
ernor as to the condition of the asylum, I was directed by him to keep 
the keys and return to said asylum and take care of whatever was 
there ; he at the same time appointing me clerk and store-keeper, which 
position I have held up to the present time. 

I have received no pay for services rendered in neither position, ex- 
cept some few groceries ; my family is large. I have no means of sup- 
port except what I earn by my labor. I hope, therefore, you will de- 
vise some way by which I may be paid for my services. 

I am, &c. 


S. S. Fleming to thb Governor. 

I am just in possession of information of an undoubted character 1862. 
that a secret meeting was held yesterday in Worth ington, Marion ghinuston 
county, for the purpose of instituting measures to procure the release 
from prison of several persons from this neighborhood — namely, the 
Mclntires, David Morrow, and others. The prop >sition is that Fontain . 
Smith is to go to Wheeling to-morrow morning and is to have forty dol- 
lars per head for all he can get released. Those men are neighbors of 
ours; they are not of Mr. Smith's, neither his constituents, and our peo- 
ple demur at this mode of procedure, and have only to say that if the 
issue is forced upon us, and those men sent home in this crisis of our 
trouble, we will be compelled to shoot them, and will do so. If Mr. 
Smith comes to Wheeling please act promptly with this matter of rebel 
sympathizers, and the thing will be at an end. 

I am, &c. 

Joun E. Parkinson, Second Lieutenant Commanding Post, to 

the Governor. 

I am very sorry to inform you that the Wheeling Press is doing Oct 20, 
much mischief here. The secesh all read it, and seem to take courage xaylc^Co 
and renew their old favorite hobby (the Nigger) with renewed zeal, 
while many of the soldiers read it also, and I can not prevent its influ- 
ence upon them. One soldier said to me a day or so ago that if the 
Proclamation stood until the first of Jan. that his time was up, and 
that he would go home. 

I feel that it is my duty to notify you of the fact, and hope you will 
pay some attention to it. There are many of the soldiers here who 
have always been Democrats, all of whom are true loyal men, and 
would always be if let alone. But since the Press has commenced its 
tirade upon the administration about its abolitionism, they seem to be 
in trouble, and have many questions to ask, and seem to think that the 
President is about to violate the Constitution, and their old Party feel- 
ing seems to be returning again, which can not help being very trouble- 
some if permitted to continue. 

If you can soften the tones of said paper you will confer a favor. 

I am, <fcc. 


M. P. Amiss to the Governor. 

l. 8ft 2. I write to present to you the names of paroled soldiers and their 

Parkersburg situation. Their names -are as follows: 

Charles W. Simons, Ezra Q. Simons, Hiram T. Littleton, Christopher 
Crawford, of Wirt Co., Va.; Benjamin S. Height, Roane Co. 

These men volunteered a few months since in Wirt Co. F, Capt. Pdl, 
11 Reg't Va. Vol., Col. Rathhone, and they were ordered to S pence, Roane 
county, Va., to be regularly mustered into the U. S. service and receive 
their pay, but before? this was done these men and others there at Spencer 
were surrendered by Col. Rath hone, and they were paroled by A. G. 
Jenkins, the Rebel officer purporting to be a General of the so-called 
Southern Confederacy. These men were ordered, after they were paroled, 
to Parkersburg, Va., and after some time were sent to Camp Chase, 0. » 
and on their arrival there all was confusion and no one seemed to cart? 
for them or make provision for their confinement. They applied tc* 
some persons to know what they were to do for provisions and shelter* 
and met with no response, and were treated as if they were criminals or* 
convicts sent to State prison ; and not knowing what to do, they re— 
turned to their homes and tried to learn what they had to do. They 
called on the officers of the 11th Reg't Vol. at Parkersburg. They gave 
them no satisfaction ; only told them if they would take up arms and 
come into their company they would be cared for. This morning they 
came to me and made the statements above, and I had an interview 
with Col. D. Frost respecting what these unfortunate men had best do, 
and asked him to give them a certificate of their having reported to him 
this day and that they were ready to go into the service as soon as they 
were exchanged and cleared of their Parole, and they would return to 
their homes and report to him as often as he should require; or if he 
could not do that to give them a certificate that they were vol. of his 
Regiment, and tell them to whom they should report; and if they had 
to return to Camp Chase or elsewhere that they might have something 
to show who they were, that they might be cared for when they did 
report. The Col. said to me he could not in no way notice these men — 
could not give them any certificate or anything else. He had nothing 
to do with them, only he might arrest them as deserters, and just left 
these men in thiH situation without friends or money, and do not know 
what to do. 

I know two of these men — to- wit, Simons. They are the sons of as 
good and Loyal a man as lives in the United States. His name is 
Richard Simons, of Wirt Co., Va. 

And these young men are sober and industrious men. They left a 
good and kind Father and Mother and volunteered in the service of 
their country, and unfortunately a few weeks after they volunteered — 


to-wit, on the 2nd day of Sep., 1862 — they were surrendered to the 1862. 
Rebel Jenkins, and he caused them to be paroled. This, too, without p ***• ^» 
their will, and in this situation they have been left uncared for and 
treated with neglect, as if they were Dogs not worthy to eat of the 
crumbs that fall from their master's table. Now, Sir. these men are 
Unioo men and citizens of the United States, and reside in Wirt Co., 
West Va., and to you as the Governor of our State I for them apf>eal on 
their behalf, and if anything can be done for them, or any information 
given what they must do, they are willing at all times to obey. Hut, 
Sir, to be ever called Deserter.-*, much less treated as such, they do not 
deserve the name, and deny the charge. I do say for them, for I do 
know them, they wish to do their duty. All they want is for some one 
in authority to tell them what they shall do, and when exchanged they 
will again return and take up arms in defence of their country, but not 
until that is done. 

These men await an answer from you on the subject. You will please 
answer at your earliest convenience. 

I am, &c. 

R. H. Milroy, Brigadier-General, to the Governor. 

I am convinced that the most speedy and economic way to put down Oct. 27, 
and exterminate guerrillarism in Western Va., and really the only effec- Backhannon 
tire way, is to raise independent companies of native mounted riflemen, 
rangers or guerrillas, or whatever you may choose to term them. One 
or two companies of such men in each of the exposed counties would 
won use up and clear out the rebel guerrillas, and keep them cleaned 
out and give permanent peace and protection to the Country. Several 
good men have come to me and offered to raise such companies if au- 
thorized to do so and permitted to remain in Va. I feel certain that 
five or six such companies could be raised in a month, and if enough 
could not be raised soon to protect every county, I would recommend to 
mount one or two of the Va. Infantry Regiment* now in service. These 
independent companies and Reg'ts should be under the command of the 
officer who commands the district, and be called together when neces- 
sary to repel the invasion of a large force. They should be armed with 
the short rifle or carbine and holster and belt revolvers without the 
sword, and drilled to operate either on foot or horseback, as circum- 
stances might require. All should be allowed to furnish their own 
horses who wish to do so at the usual per diem allowance of 40 cents. 
This would be much the cheapest for the Gov't and the horses be kept 
in much more efficient order than public horses. 

The rebel guerrillas are all mounted, and it is utterly useless for us 


1862. to follow or try to catch them on foot. We have now over 40,000 me 

Buckhannon * n tne 8erv * ce °f tne U. S. in Western Va. ; 5fl00 natives proper! 
officered, armed, and mounted would be amply sufficient to keep th 
whole of Western Va. clear of rebel guerrillas. Our large armies an 
useless here. They cannot catch guerrillas in these mountains an; 
more than a cow can catch fleas. We must inaugurate a system of 
Union Guerrillas to put down the rebel guerrillas. 

Now, Governor, I applied some weeks ago to the Secretary of Ww 
for permission to authorize the raising of these independent cavalry 
companies, but have received no reply to the application. It is a mat- 
ter of vast importance, and I wish you would take it in hand vigorously 
at once. I would respectfully suggest that you proceed to Washington 
at once, and demand to have the 3rd, 10th, 12th, or 14th mounted for 
this part of the State, and the 4th, 5th, 8th, or 13th mounted for the 
Kanawha region and south of that, and, besides, get the permission U 
accept and have mustered into service all of the independent mounter 
companies that can be raised, and my word for it, you will have WeS* 
ern Va. clear of guerrillas and at peace and perfectly protected b; 
Spring at furthest. 

Permit me also to suggest that you follow up our armies and inaugt 
rate the civil authorities in the counties as fast as cleared of guerrillas 
Have judicial connty and township offices filled at once by good Unio 
men. Post offices and mail routes established, and let in the mail an 
newspapers again. Establish the courts and convene the people i 
every county, make speeches to them yourself, and let them see yoc 
Have good Union speakers, make speeches everywhere, and enlighte: 
the ignorant people who have been misled by infamous demagogues. 

Also organize and officer the Militia as rapidly as possible, and let th 
people everywhere feel and see around them the authority, security 
and protecting influence of the good old government of their fathers, 
hope, my dear Sir, you will pardon these suggestions and not suspicio 
me as assuming to dictate, but, sir, I am indeed very, very anxious t 
see our glorious Union restored as fast as possible .that I, with the hur 
dreds of thousands of others engaged in this struggle to save the ir 
heritance of our fathers, may get home again to our familes and friend 

Ten Reg'ts have been assigned to me, consisting of the 2nd, 3rd, 9tl 
10th, and 12th Va. ; 87th Pa.; 110th, 116th, 122nd, 123rd Ohio. B< 
sides Keeper's, Carlin's, and Ewing's batteries, and Rowen's and Hi 
gan's Cavalry companies, I have not near enough cavalry, and ought t 
have more. I am hurrying up, and will try hard to get my pate! 
cleared before cold weather. The ground was covered with snow hex 
this morning. 

We need blankets, tents, and transportation. Hurry up your wago 


I am, &c. 


J. C. Paxton, Colonel Second Virginia Cavalry, to Captain 
R. J\ Kennedy, Acting Adjutant-General. 

In obedience to your orders, I marched my command, consisting of 1862. 

Dpi' *2. 

companies G, I, F, A, K, D, E, and H, 2nd Va. vol. caw, in all 475 men Camp Piall 
rank and file, in good order on the morning of the 24th of November 
for Summerville, arriving there at 10 P. M. the same day; distance, 53 
miles. I/eft Summerville next morning at 7 o'clock, and arrived at the 
1 Hinkle Farm " at 4 P. M., 35 miles, and being able to obtain some hay 
there remained until 4 o'clock A. M. 26th, when we took up the line 
of March in a blinding snow storm for Greenbrier via Cold Knob moun- 
tain, where we arrived at 10 o'clock A. M. same day ; distance, 20 miles. 
Met Col. Lane, 11th O. V. I., who was to assist me in breaking up a 
camp of Rebels at the foot of the mountain, but on account of the 
severity of the weather and hard marching, he wished to return to his 
camp at Summerville. I asked him to take the advance until we met 
the enemy's picket, which he did, and in about one mile exchanged 
shots with six of the enemy's scouts, wounding one. Col. Lane at once 
opened his ranks, and gave us the road. We pushed rapidly into the 
enemy's camp, a distance of some five miles, effecting a complete sur- 
prise at 12 o'clock M., the enemy scattering in all directions. We 
killed two, wounded two, paroled one, captured two commissioned 
officers (1 capt. and 1 Lt.), Ill non com. officers and privates, 106 
hones, 5 mules. Burned and destroyed by fire about 200 Enfield and 
Mississippi rifles, 50 sabres, with other accoutrements, 5 wagons, also 
blankets, clothing, harness, bridles, saddles, and other stores and sup- 
plies, and their camp tents, &c. 

I had two horses killed in the attack in enemy's camp, and lost 10 
on the march from fatigue and exhaustion. 

The enemy was found three miles from the foot of Cold Knob moun- 
tain in Sinking creek, Greenbrier county, Va., at Lewis Mill, and con- 
sisted of a part of 5 companies of cavalry, viz., Rockbridge cavalry, 
Braxton Dragoons, Church ville cavalry, Valley cavalry, and Night 
Hawk Rangers. They were men who had been in service 15 months, 
and were located at that point to guard the mountain pass, and to or- 
ganize the 14th Va. cavalry, to be commanded by Major Bailey, and 
constituted a part of A. G. Jenkins' brigade. Our success was com- 
plete. We never lost one drop of blood. After securing prisoners and 
hones and destroying camp, &c, we marched at 4 P. M., 26th, for Sum- 
meirille, where we arrived on the 27th at M., making 120 miles for men 
and horses without food or rest, except one feed of hay for horses, over 
the most rugged and mountainous part of Western Va. Remained in 
Summerville until 29th. Left for Camp Piatt and arrived in camp on 

the 30th at noon. My men suffered severely from frost. I left two 



1862. men in hospital at Sumrnerville, whose boots we cut from their feet ; 
p Dec *p?» |1 others were more or less frozen. My horses were very much cut down. 
I cannot close this report without deservedly complimenting officers and 
men. But when all behaved so gallantly it is impossible to particular- 
ize. But all honor is due Major Powell, who lead the charge, and 
Company G, Capt. McMahon, who lead the column. 

I am, &c. 

R. H. Milroy, Brigadier-General, to the Governor. 
Dec. 6, I received by mail of this evening the petition of the citizens of Gil- 

New Creek 

mer county with your endorsement. The subject of this petition is one 
that I had before heard of in a great many ways from officers and men 
of the 10th, letters, petitions, &c., and has given me much concern. I 
feel deeply for the distressed families of the soldiers of Co. G, and I 
have done all in my power, consistent with the good of the service, to 
relieve them. 

When I withdrew the 10th I sent the 3rd to replace them, with direc- 
tions to occupy and protect all the country that had been occupied and 
protected by the 10th. Col. Harris informed me after his arrival that 
Col. Hews had not sent a company to Gilmer, and I immediately dis- 
patched an order to Col. Hews to send a company to Glenville, but it 
seems this order miscarried. Upon my arrival here the failure of Col. 
Hews to send the Co. was made known to me. and I sent another 
stringent order to Col. Hews to send immediately his best Company to 
Glenville, and to direct the officer in charge to enquire into and ascer- 
tain the losses of all Union citizens, especially the wives and families of 
soldiers by the guerrillas, and to assess upon the Secessionists in each 
neighborhood a sufficient amount to make up all these losses am pi y, 
and in every case where a secessionist refused to pay the amount assessed 
against him to immediately shoot him down and burn his house. Also to 
see that the Union soldiers families' were supplied with salt and other 
necessaries. Col. Hews informed me yesterday by telegraph that he 
had delayed sending the company for want of ammunition, but that he 
would send it that day, so I suppose the company is there by this time. 
I took the 10th, because it is stronger and more efficient in field officers 
than the 3rd, and if I should let co. G of the 10th go back, I would 
also have to let other companies of the same Reg't go who have the 
same reasons, and it would deprive me of the services of the Reg't for 
active field service. I have had equally as strong appeals from compa- 
nies of the 9th raised in Roane and surrounding counties, and have 
been much pained to hear from some of the officers and soldiers from 


theae counties the miserable situation of their families, and if the good 1802. 
of the service would permit let them all go home, but it won't do. I N Dec - fi » . 
admit that the companies of the 11th Va. and Capt. Brown's cav. co. 
could be very usefully employed, and could give ample protection to a 
large scope of country in and around Braxton, Gilmer, Roane, Calhoun, 
«fcc, and I think they are not needed for the protection of this R. R., 
and if 1 commanded them would send them out to these counties, but 
they belong to Gen'l Kelly's command, and I have no control of them. 
Permit me, Governor, without flatter} 7 , to congratulate you on the excel- 
lence of your message, which I have read this evening with very much 
pleasure. It, like the President's message, has the true patriot ring. 
Your views of the President's Proclamation, slavery, causes of the war, 
appeal to Virginians, &c, meet my most hearty approval, and will cer- 
tainly have a wide space and beneficial influence. 

I learn to-day that Winchester is occupied by Gen'l Gray's forces. 
If permitted, I would have occupied that place ten days ago, but my 
hands are tied, as they always have been in Western Va. The lines on 
me were slackened a little to-day, and I immediately started a brigade 
to Petersburg to try to catch that scoundrel Imboden, though it is a ter- 
rible stormy day, and hard on the boys, but our Fathers of the Revolu- 
tion, not half so well provided, moved in much severer weather, and if 
the reins are slackened on me, I will keep moving all winter regardless 
of weather, for I feel deeply anxious that this infamous rebellion 
should be crushed out by spring, which can be done if our forces are 
kept moving. It was very unfortunate that I was recalled from beyond 
the Alleghany to this R. R. by causeless alarm. Had I been left alone, 
I would ere this had Staunton, Warm Springs, and Lewisburg, and 
would thus have destroyed the base and fountains of guerrillaism in 
Western Va., and freed the country from that curse which can not be 
effectually done till these places are taken. 

Every thing you can do towards hurrying up the organization and 
equipment of the independent mounted companies will be a great 
benefit, as they will be found the most efficient against guerrillas. 

I am, &c. 

The Certificate of the election of John B. McCloud as a member of i) eCt 27, 
Congress from the second Congressional District of Virginia on Decern- Norfolk 
ber 22nd, 18G2, is filed. 

I protest against the constitutionality, or legal propriety, of the law 
which imposes the within oath upon mc as a condition upon which I 
can continue to hold my position as Teller of the Branch of the Ex- 


1862. change Bank of Virginia at Alexandria. I will obey the said oath 
as long as the Wheeling Government continues to exercise jurisdiction 
in the county of Alexandria. 

(Signed) Lewis Hooff. 

A copy — Teste : 

I. Tbacey, Clerk. 

I protest against the constitutionality or legal propriety of the law 
which imposes the within oath upon me as a condition upon which I 
can continue to hold my position as Cashier of Branch of the Exchange 
Bank of Virginia at Alexandria. I will obey the said oath so long as 
the Wheeling Government continues to exercise jurisdiction in the 
county of Alexandria. 

I feel it my duty to the stockholders of said Bank, for the purpose of 
protecting their interest in my charge, to comply with the provisions of 
the law of the Wheeling Government so long as that Government exer- 
cises jurisdiction over this county. 

(Signed) Charles R. Hooff, 

A copy — Teste : 

I. Tracey, Clerk. 

I protest against the constitutionality or legal propriety of the law 
which imposes the within oath upon me as a condition upon which I 
can continue to hold the position as Discount Clerk in the Branch of the 
Exchange Bank of Virginia at Alexandria. I will obey the said oath 
so long as the Wheeling Government continues to exercise jurisdiction 
over the county of Alexandria. 

(Signed) James Entwistle. 

A copy — Teste : 

I. Tracey, Clerk. 

I shall not register these oaths until I receive directions to do so. 

I. Tracey. 

Dec. 31, The certificate of the election and qualification of Samuel Crane as 
Ohio Co. Auditor of Public Accounts of Virginia before V. A. Hagans, SecVy of 
the Commonwealth, is filed. 

1803. The certificate of qualification of Lucian A. Hagans as Secretary of 

Jan. 2 t ne Commonwealth of Virginia, by Sam. Ott, J. P. of Ohio county, is on 


The certificate of L. A. Hagans, S'c't'y ComVlth, of the election of 1863. 
John F. McDermont, as Public Printer of Va., is on file. " 

R. H. Milroy, Brigadibr-Gbnaral United States, to Governor 


Enclosed please find a copy of a letter received two days ago by flag Jan. 27, 
of truce from the rel>el Guerrilla chief, Col. J. D. Imboden, and a copy " y* er * 
of my reply to the same. I send them to you that you may, if you 
think proper, lay them before the legislature and people of West Vir- 
ginia for their action, and that they may know the course intended to be 
pursued towards them by the traitors in arms against them, and that 
they may also take steps to induce our Government to adopt proper re- 
taliatory measure?. 

I am, <fcc. 

H'd QVs C. *S. Forces, 
Shenandoah Mountain, Va., Jan'y 20th, 1863. 

Brig.-Genl ft. H. Milroy, 

Com'd U. S. Forces, 

Winchester, Va. : 


On the 11th inst., by my order, a man named Tray hern, exer- 
cising the office of sheriff of Barbour County, Virginia, under the 
usurped Government at Wheeling, was arrested and sent by me to the 
Governor of Virginia as a prisoner. I have information, which I deem 
perfectly reliable, that in consequence of this arrest your troops sta- 
tioned at Phillippi have murdered by shooting Henry Wilson and 
Henry Bowman, two unarmed and unresisting citizens, who were quietly 
at their homes, and whose only alleged offence was a failure on their 
part to comply with an order issued by you in November last, requiring 
citizens to give your troops information of the approach of Confederate 
troops. I am further informed that 15 other citizens have been arrested 
and ordered to be shot at the end of fifteen days if Trayhern is not re- 
leased and sent home within that time. 

Your Government inaugurated and has persevered in the practice un- 
warranted by the usages of civilized warfare of arresting and imprison- 
ing not only civil officers, but private non-combatant citizens of the 
Confederate States, hundreds of whom from the boy of tender years to 
the decrepit old man are now incarcerated in the prisons at Camp 
Chase, Johnston's Island, and elsewhere. My Government has pro- 


1863. tested against this barbarous system of arresting men and boys ; aye, of 
women too, merely because they exercised the rights of free opinion 
and free speech, but in vain. I have, therefore, resolved that within 
the limits of the pretended State of West Virginia when I may be in 
command, I will arrest and imprison as dangerous enemies to my State 
and country every man I can lay my hands upon, who holds any office 
under the usurped State Government at Wheeling, regarding such 
arrests as legitimate, irrespective of the action of your Government, 


and as an absolutely necessary and justifiable retaliatory act for the 
arrests made by your Government. And I now notify you that Tray- 
hern will not be returned within the fifteen days mentioned, nor at any 
time, unless the Governor and other lawfully constituted authorities of 
the State of Virginia shall order his discharge, and if upon further in- 
vestigation the fact of the murder of Wilson and Bowman by your forces 
is established, I shall order the immediate execution of two of the pris- 
oners of highest rank belonging to your command, captured by my 
forces, and whose names I now enclose to you. And if the 15 citizens 
arrested in Barbour, or any one or more of them are executed, I will 
immediately, upon being assured of that fact, hang two of your men 
for each one so executed. The lives of these prisoners are in your 
hands. They will be held as hostages for the liberty and safety of my 
fellow-citizens, who are arrested and in your power. 

Yours, &c, 

J. D. Imboden, 
Col. Com'd'g, &c. 

Names of persons referred to in my letter of this date to Gen'! R. H. 
Milroy : 

Lieut. Dawson, Co. K, 1st Va. Cavalry; Serg't Atkinson, Co. K, 1st Va. 
Cavalry. Privates Miller, Peter Pifer, Alfred Davis, John Ott, J. D. 
Porter, Milton Lewis, Win. F. Gaston, A. T. Hosic, J. W. H. Bern- 
hard, Wm. McAdams, Monroe Manypenny, J. H. Maxwell. John 
Johnson, Jas. Flazier, Wm. Gildon, Sam'l Cragg, Jno. W. Yatt, of 
Co. B, 1st Va., artiPy. The following : Corp. E. Simring, Privates 
H. Adams, Wm. Fitch, J. D. Howard, Morton Conrad, James 
Smith, Wm. Stotzar, P. Deanny, H. Minard, J. M. Edwards, D. 
Thompson, D. M. Shafer, B. 0. Davis. 


J. D. Imboden, 

Col., <fcc. 

Winchester, Va., Jan'y 27th, 1868. 


Your communication dated January 20th, '63, is received. I 
am not, and have not been, for the last month in command of any 


id West Va. I have, therefore, no jurisdiction or control over the 1803. 
matters referred to in your letter, but I have forwarded the same for the 
consideration of my Government I have no information of the shoot- 
ing of Bowman and Wilson, and entertain therefore no doubt that your 
information is erroneous. Neither they, or any one else, have ever been 
shot, except in battle by my order. I have noticed in the papers that 
the authorities of West Virginia contemplated retaliatory measures in 
consequence of the arrest and .abduction of Tray hern, but what meas- 
ures, if any, have been adopted, I am not informed. 

West Virginia has been recognized by my Government as a separate 
and independent State of the Union ; as such her citizens are entitled to 
its protection. The course which you propose to pursue towards a cer- 
tain class of citizens of that State will necessarily induce a retaliatory 
one. I am not, however, authorized to say what will be the action of 
my Government in the event that the course indicated in your letter is 
persisted in. You threaten to hang an officer and certain privates of 
this command now in your power. You can not be ignorant that a 
ranch larger number of rebel prisoners are in my power, and you must 
not presume so far upon the forbearance and superior humanity of the 
Federal authorities as to put that threat into execution. I hope you 
will not compel me to the painful alternative which the execution of 
your threat will render inevitable. I notice that the " Confederate Gov- 
ernment" is about to offer $100,000 for my head. Had- you not better 
come down and make the speculation. 


R. H. Milroy, 
J. D. Imboden, Styling himself Col. Com'd. 

Certificate of Jefferson Tacey, Clerk of County Court of Alexandria Jan. 28 
County, of the election of Lewis McKenzie as a member of Congress of 
the U. S. for the seventh congressional District of Virginia, is filed. 

Secretary of Commonwealth's Office, 
Wheeling, Va., May Uth, 1863. 

Whereas inquiries have been made at the Department from various 
portions of the Commonwealth in reference to those who are and who 
are not entitled to vote at the approaching election, and it being of the 
utmost importance at this period of peril when the government of the 
Commonwealth has been partially overthrown, and the very existence of 
the nation endangered by a rebellion instigated by those who were its 


1868. natural guardians and protectors, and had solemnly sworn to support 
and defend it ; that none hut friends should have a voice in selecting 
the Executive, Legislative, and Judicial officers by whom the Govern- 
ment is to he administered, and that no person who denies his alle- 
giance to the United States and willing support to the restored Govern- 
ment of Virginia should he allowed to direct and control those govern- 
ments through the agency of the ballot box. 

And whereas the General Assembly of this Commonwealth has de- 
clared many years since by solemn enactments that any native of this 
State, who should become a citizen of a foreign state (see Code of Vir- 
ginia, edition of 18(>0, p. 74, sec. 3,) without regard to whether such for- 
eign state existed de facto only and not de jttre, should not be deemed a 
citizen of this State. 

And whereas if disloyal persons be permitted to vote it will lead to 
placing the government of the State in the hands of tho$*e engaged in 
the rebellion, and would stimulate those who are seeking the overthrow 
of our republican institutions — 

Therefore, it is ordered by his Excellency Francis H. Pierpoint, Gov- 
ernor of this Commonwealth, that the commissioners who may super- 
intend the approaching election be required to take the subjoined oath, 
and that they administer the same to every voter whose vote may be 
challenged by a loyal citizen on account of his having voted for the 
ordinance of Secession, or for any executive, legislative, or Judicial Con- 
federate officer, or may have signified that he professed allegiance to the 
government of the so-called Southern Confederacy ; and unless such 
oath be taken the party offering to vote shall be refused the privilege of 
so doing. Nor shall the taking of the said oath be deemed sufficient to 
admit the vote of any such person if he has since the 3rd day of Feb- 
ruary, 1863, waged war against the United States or the restored gov- 
ernment of Virginia, or advised by speaking or writing any person to 
oppose either government, or has given aid and comfort in any manner 
to those in arms against the same. 

The Executive is not now prepared to say whether or not any person 
who voted for the Ordinance of Secession, or for any officer of the so- 
called Confederacy, thereby professing allegiance to that authority, is not 
absolutely expatriated and incapable of voting. This question is re- 
served for more mature consideration and future decision. In the mean 
time Commissioners of elections will, in addition to the oath "to faith- 
fully and impartially conduct the election about to be held," take the 
oath printed in connection herewith and administer the same as afore- 
said, noting on the face of the poll-books opposite the name of every 
voter sworn the fact that the voter did comply with the requisition. 

The commissioners will observe that by the laws of Virginia it is 
their duty to swear any person offering to vote, to answer any question 


touching his right to vote (see Code of Virginia, 1860, p. 80, sect. 10). 18&3. 
The oath prescribed is supposed to embrace all the qualifications now 
decided by the Executive to be requisite qualifications for voters. No 
officer or soldier from another State in the service of the United States, 
nor sutler, Clerk, or follower of the army from other states will be 
allowed to vote. Their residence, if for two years in the State, is not 
that kind of residence contemplated by the constitution and laws of the 
State to entitle them to vote. It is of the greatest importance to the 
welfare of the State that none vote but those authorized by law. 

All violating the law in this respect will be punished. It is earnestly 
recommended that the commissioners, or loyal citizens, will not cap- 
tiously challenge the vote of indisputable loyal voters. 

The assistance of military commandants of districts and posts at and 
near election precincts is respectfully asked to see that order is pre- 
served at the election, and that no intimidation by soldiers be used to 
prevent a fair and open expression of the elective franchise by each 

voter entitled to vote. 

L. A. Hagans, 

Sec'y of the Com'lth of Virginia. 

Oath to be taken by Commissioners of elections and by voters who may be in- 
terrogated by commissioners, or who may be challenged by a loyal voter. 

I, , polemnly swear (or affirm) that I will support the 

Constitution of the United States and the laws made in pursuance 
thereof as the supreme law of the land anything in the constitution and 
laws of the State of Virginia or the ordinances of the convention which 
assembled at Richmond on the 13th day of February, 1861, to the con- 
trary notwithstanding ; and that I will uphold and defend the Govern- 
ment of Virginia as indicated and restored by the Convention which 
assembled at Wheeling on the 11th day of June, 1861, and that I will 
discourage secession rebellion and the disintegration of the Union ; and 
that I have not since the 3rd day of February, 1863, levied war against 
the United States, or adhered to the enemies of the same, nor given 
them aid and comfort, nor professed allegiance to the so-called Confede- 
rate States of America ; nor have I resisted or opposed by violence, or 
advised others by speaking or writing to oppose by violence the restored 
Government of Virginia as reorganized by the Convention which assem- 
bled at Wheeling on the 11th day of June, 1861. So help me God. 

Additional oatk to be taken by Commissioners. 

I, , solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully and 

impartially conduct the election about to be held for a member of the 

House of Representatives of the United States and for Governor and 

other State and County (or city) officers of the recognized Government 

of Virginia. So help me God. 



i . 

1863. Geo. F. Morrison, John W. Hutchings, Rufus S. King, appointed by 4 

April 28 (} ov > r Pierpoint to hold an election in Elizabeth City County, Virginia, ? 
being a part of the 11th Congressional District of the State, on the 28th 
day of May, 1863, certificate filed. 

Martinsburg, Berkeley Co., Va., May 30th , 1863. 

We, George Sharer, Elias M. Pitzer, and John W. Pitzer, commis- 
sioners for taking the vote of the qualified voters of Berkeley County on 
the question of including the said county in the State of West Virginia, 
do hereby certify that polls for that purpose were opened and held on 
the fourth Thursday of May, in the year 1863, within said county, pur- 
suant to law, and that the following is a true statement of the result as 
exhibited by the poll-books, to-wit : 

For the County of Berkeley, becoming part of the State of West 

Virginia, six hundred and sixty-five votes, ... - 665 
Against it, seven votes, 7 

Given under our hands this 30th day of May, 1863. 

George Sharer, 
Elias M. Pitzer, 
John W. Pitzer, 


June 1 We, Daniel W. Lewis, Henry Studds, and Robert F. Roberts, commis- 

sioners of election for Fairfax County, Virginia, do hereby certify that 
at an election held on the 28th day of May, 1863, upon the question, 
" Shall we be annexed to and become part of West Virginia," as by law 
the District composed of the Counties of Clarke, Loudoun, Fairfax, 
Prince William, and Alexandria, was authorized to vote upon, there 
were cast for annexation one hundred and fifty-five votes, and against 
annexation there were cast thirty votes. 
Given under our hands this first day of June, 1863. 

Daniel W. Lewis, 
Henry Studds, 
Robert F. Roberts, 

Com in 're. 

Portsmouth, Va., June 1st, 1868. 

This is to certify that at an election held in this city of Portsmouth, 
Thursday, May 28th, '63, for the office of mayor of said city, Daniel 


Collins was duly elected, having received a majority of the votes polled 
over his competitor, P. G. Thomas. 
Given under our hands this 1st day of June, A. D. 1863. 

P. G. Staples, 
John B. McCloud, 
Wm. E. Cashart, 



Sam'l Crane to the Governor. 

Having been elected by the people the Auditor of the State of West 
Virginia, you will please accept this as ray resignation of the office of 
Auditor of the State of Virginia to take effect from and after the 19th 
day of June, 1863. It will be several days thereafter before the Books 
and papers that belong to my successor can be ready for delivery. 

In parting with you allow me to congratulate you upon your late 
election as dhief magistrate of the State of Virginia for four years be- 
ginning the first day of January, 1863, and to express the hope that 
under your wise administration the old State will soon be restored to 

her proper place in the Union. 

I am, &c. 

June 3, 


As I shall cease to be a citizen of the State of Virginia on the 20th June 8 
inst., I herewith resign the office of Lieutenant-Governor. 

I am, etc. 

Campbell Tarr to the Governor. 

I hereby resign my office of Treasurer of Virginia to take effect from June 19, 
and after this date. Wheeling 

1 am, &c. 

The Certi6cate of L. A. Hagans, s'cVy coin., of the appointment j une 20 
of Sam'l P. Hildreth, as Treasurer of State of Virginia, is on file. 

Certificate of L. A. Hagans, S'cVy Comm'th, of the appointment of j une 20 
Lewis \V. Webb, as Auditor of Public Accounts, is on file. 


Daniel Collins, Mayor, to the Governor. 

18(J3. I would like to receive authority from you to organize four companies 

Portsmouth of niilitia in this city. 

The death of Lieutenant San horn in Norfolk last week has created in- 
tense excitement, and to avoid any necessity for calling upon the mili- 
tary for aid in putting down any riot or other unlawful demonstration, 
I deem it necessary to ask fur permission to organize four Hundred men 
and for arms to arm them with. 

We are able to take care of ourselves; all we ask is the proper 
authority and arms to organize with. We are determined to crush out 
Treason in our midst by depriving Traitors of the Rents of all property 
within the limit* of this city, and applying the proceeds to relieve desti- 
tute families. If they resist the collection of Rents by force we will put 
them down by force. But 1 believe our action will force them to take 
the oath of allegiance to the U. S. Government. 

I am, &c. 

The Commonwealth of Virginia, 
Executive Department. 

To His Excellency A. J. Boreman, 

Gov. West Virginia : 

Whereas it is represented to me that in pursuance of an Act of 
the General Assembly of Virginia, entitled "an Act giving the consent 
of the State of Virginia to the county of Berkeley being admitted to 
and becoming part of the State of West Virginia, ,, passed January 31st, 
1863, polls were opened in said County on Thursday, the 28th day of 
May, 1863, for the purpose indicated in said Act. 

Now, therefore, I, Francis H. Fierpoint, Governor of the Common- 
wealth of Virginia, in accordance with a provision of the Act aforesaid, 
do hereby certify that from the returns on file in this Department a 
very large majority of the votes cast at said election were in favor of 
the said county of Berkeley u becoming part of the State of West Vir- 

Given under my hand and the less seal of the Commonwealth this 
22nd day of July, 1863, and in the 88th year of the Commonwealth. 

[Seal] F. H.* Pierpoint. 

By the Governor : 

L. A. Hagaxs, 

SVty of the Com 'lth. 


Office of the Bank of Virginia, 1863. 

Norfolk, July 28th, 1868. 

Whereas P. H. Whitehuret, T. P. Crowell, and John T. Daniels this 
day presented in person to the Board a paper dated June 4th, 1863, pur- 
porting to eminate from the Executive Department of Virginia at 
Wheeling, and signed by F. H. Pierpoint, as Governor of Virginia, 
which said paper appointed the above-named persons and William 
Ward, Directors on the part of the Executive for this office, and they 
having claimed the right by virtue of said appointment to take their 
seats at this hoard as Directors, thereby displacing three Directors now 
holding their seats at this board, by the appointment of the Governor 
of Virginia and one of the four Directors appointed on the part of the 
stockholders, in conformity with the charter of this Bank, and who are 
entitled by law to hold their seats until their successors are appointed 
by the stockholders in General meeting assembled at Richmond, and by 

the Executive ; therefore, 

Resolved, That this Board cannot, with their sense of their rights and 

duties, recognize the claim of the said P. H. Whitehuret, Thomas P. 

Crowell, J. T. Daniels, and William Ward to take their seats at this 

board as Directors, and that they be so notified by sending them a copy 

of this resolution. 

(Signed) W. D. Bagnall, Cash'r. 

A true copy from the minutes. 


I write you in behalf of the 7th Reg't Va. Vol. Infty. Although Aug. 8, 
your official connection with the Reg't is severed, yet I know you will Wheeling 
be pleased to do anything you can for the brave and gallant men com- 
posing it. As you know, the Reg't started out full, and I am informed 
there are only 240 men now able to answer to the call of the roll. 
Their first fighting was at Bloomery, then Port Republic, Fair Oaks, 
Second Bull Run, South Mountain, Antetam, Fredericksburg, Chancel- 
lorsville, and Gettysburg, and they were not simply in these battles, 
but they were in the thickest of the fight, as I am informed, all of them. 
Such a record is an honor to any Regiment. After having more than 
three-fourths of the men rendered unfit for duty in the most arduous 
service which they have been required to undergo for two years past, 
those that are left claim that they should be permitted to return to West 
Virginia, where they may have a short respite from the very great labour 
in which they have so long been engaged. Not that their love for the 



18«3. cause is less ardent or their patriotism has abated, but they are ex- 
vi^ifnc* hausted and worn down to such a degree that they may not be able to 
do the work that may be required of them in the army of the Potomac. 
On account of the hard usages to which this regiment has been sub- 
jected, there are several hundred of the men now wounded and sick in 
the hospitals scattered about over the country. If the regiment was 
permitted to return to this side the mountains, taking other cases of a 
similar character as a criterion, I think it would be safe to say that the 
7th could be made to number five hundred effective men (and may be 
more) in three months, instead of 240 now on duty. It may be recol- 
lected that last year the first Virginia Infy (Col. Thoburn) were allowed 
two or three months to come home and recruit, and the result was, as I 
am informed, that from some 200 or 250 they reported at the end of 
the time with from 500 to 600 fit for duty. It is thought that a like 
result would follow in the case of the 7th. I most earnestly request 
that you will exert yourself to have this permission granted. The offi- 
cers and their wives are writing to me, and some of the latter come in 
person to me almost weekly, on the subject. The men write me and 
their friends write me, and many come to see and talk with me, on the 
subject to see if I cannot do something that may effect their return. 
There is one other matter that is urged, about which I know nothing 
however, and that is that when being recruited the men were assured 
that they were to do duty in West Virginia in defence of their homes 
and their wives and children, and were not to be taken away. This 
they claim as an agreement or understanding, and that it is a continued 
injustice to keep them where they are when they were recruited for the 
service above indicated. 

I hope you will see Mr. Stanton and Gen 7 l Hal leek and urge upon 
them the propriety of allowing the 7th to return to the West. 

I am, &e. 

David Wills to the Governor. 

Aug. 15, The enclosed circular embodies the plan agreed upon with agents 
Gettysburg f roin several States represented here, and it has been submitted to the 
Governors of all the States named in it for their concurrence. 

It is desirable to have as little delay as possible in getting your reply, 
as the bodies of our soldiers are in many cases so much exposed as to 
require prompt attention, and the grounds should be speedily arranged 
for their reception. 

Pennsylvania has bought a very suitable piece of ground on one of 
the most prominent parts of the battle field, and his Excellency Gover- 
nor Curtin authorized me to say to you that if your State will co-operate 


in this project, and desires a conveyance in fee simple of your burial- is63. 
ground in this cemetery, Pennsylvania will make a deed to you for it; p ,? 118 ^ 15, 
otherwise she will hold the title in trust for the purposes designated in 
the circular. 

I am, &c. 

The certificate of the appointment of Frederick E. Foster as the Aug. 20, 
Adjutant-General of the Commonwealth of Virginia, is tiled. 

To the voters of the first Judicial circuit of Virginia, composed of the Aug. 2G, 
Counties of Princess Anne, Norfolk, Nansemond, Isle of Wight, Alexandria 
Southampton, Greensville, Surry, Sussex, and city of Norfolk : 

Whereas it appears upon satisfactory evidence of the fact, that 
Richard H. Baker, late Judge of said circuit, has failed to take the oath 
or affirmation prescribed by the 4th section of an ordinance entitled 
" An ordinance for the reorganization of the State Government " — 

Now, therefore, I, Francis H. Pierpoint, Governor of Virginia, in pur- 
suance of authority vested in me by the 5th Section of the ordinance 
above cited, do declare said Baker's office as Judge of said circuit vacant, 
and I have ordered an election to be held in said counties on Monday, 
the 28th of September, 1863, to fill said vacancy. 

Given under my hand and the less seal of the Commonwealth, at the 
city of Alexandria, this 26th day of August, 1863, and in the 88th year 
of the Commonwealth. 

[Seal] F. H. Pikrpoint. 

By the Gov'r : 

L. A. Hagans, 

Secretary of the Commonwealth. 

Proclamation by the Governor. 

Pursuant to an Act of the General Assembly of Virginia, passed Feb- 
ruary 5th, 1863, authorizing the Executive to select some point and 
establish it by proclamation as the Capital of the State — 

Now, therefore, I, Francis H. Pierpoint, Governor of the Common- 
wealth of Virginia, do make known by this Proclamation that I have 
chosen the city of Alexandria for the purposes contemplated in the Act 
above referred to. 

Given under my hand and the less seal of the Commonwealth, at the 


1H«3. city of Alexandria, this 26th day of August, 1863, and in the 88th year 
of the Commonwealth. 

[Seal] Francis H. Pierpoint. 

By the Governor: 

L. A. Hagans, 

Secretary of the Commonwealth. 

The Commonwealth of Virginia, 
Executive Department. 

To His Excellency A. I. Boreman, 

Governor of West Virginia : 

Whereas it is represented to me that in pursuance of an act 
of the General Assembly of Virginia, entitled "an act giving consent to 
the admission of certain counties into the new State of West Virginia 
upon certain conditions," passed February 4th, 1863, polls were opened 
in the County of Jefferson (one of the counties named in said act) on 
Thursday, the 28th day of May, 1863, on the question of annexation to 
the said new State — 

Now, therefore, I, Francis H. Pierpoint, Governor of the Common- 
wealth of Virginia, in accordance with a provision of the act aforesaid 
do hereby certify that from the returns made to this Department a very 
large majority of the votes cast at said election were in favor of annexa- 
tion to the State of West Virginia. 

Given under my hand and the less seal of the Commonwealth at the 
city of Alexandria this 14th day of September, 1863, and in the 88th 
year of the Commonwealth. 

[Seal] F. H. Pierpoint. 

By the Governor : 

L. A. Hagans, 

Secretary of the Commonwealth. 

By Telegraph from the War Department, 

Sep. 21st, 1869. 
To Gov'r Pierpoint: 

I would be glad to have your opinion whether it 
would be good policy to refund the money collected from the people of 
East Virginia as indemnity for the light-house depredation. I believe 
you once gave me your opinion on the point, but I am not entirely 
sure. Please answer. 

A. Lincoln. 


Washington, Alexandria and Gkokuktown Railroad Co., 

Offick, 411 Pknn. A yen uk, 
Washington, Oct. 1st, 1803. 

To His Excellency F. H. Pierpoint, 

Gov'r of Virginia : 

The undersigned begs leave respectfully to represent that he is 
the President of the Washington, Alexandria and Georgetown Rail 
Road Company, which road now extends and is doing a transportation 
business between the Depot of the Orange and Alexandria Rail Road, in 
the city of Alexandria, Va., and the Baltimore and Ohio Rail Road, in 
the city of Washington, D. C, and that so much of said rail road as is 
situated between the said Orange and Alexandria Rail Road Depot, in 
Alexandria and the south end of the Long Bridge over the Potomac 
River (being a distance of five and seven one-hundredth miles), is lo- 
cated in the State of Virginia. 

That by virtue of the laws of Virginia in such cases made and pro- 
vided the said Washington, Alexandria and Georgetown Rail Road com- 
pany by purchase on foreclosure of Mortgage is the legitimate successor 
to all the franchises, rights and privileges of the Alexandria and Wash- 
ington Rail Road Company, a corporation chartered by the General 
Assembly of the State of Virginia on the 27th day of February, 1854, 
and as such is liable to all the requirements, obligations, conditions, and 
j penalties imposed by the Code of Virginia upon Rail Road companies 
within the State. 

That the provisions of said Code of Virginia require that ** the Presi- 
dent and Directors of every company incorporated to make a work of 
internal improvement to the stock of which there is no subscription by 
the board of public works," shall make certain annual and quarterly re- 
ports to said Board of public works (the nature of said reports being 
more particularly described in said Code), and that in case of failure to 
make any such report for sixty days the company shall forfeit one thou- 
sand dollars unless good cause be shown for such failure." 

The undersigned further represents that at the time when the Wash- 
ington, Alexandria and Georgetown Rail Road company became the 
legal owners and representatives of the Alexandria and Washington 
Rail Road company, the State Government of Virginia was in a state of 
revolt or rebellion against the government of the United States, and 
that the Board of public works of said State remained in the city of 
Richmond, the capital of the said State, which city was also the seat of 
Government of the so-called Southern confederacy, which said Con- 
federacy was and has since been in arms and open rebellion against the 
Government of these United States ; and that for these reasons it be- 
came impracticable to make any report or hold any communication 



1863. with said Board of public works, and therefore no report has been made 
during the past two years of the operations of* this company. 

That feeling a strong desire to comply in all respects with the laws of 
the State, which granted and is bound to protect the franchises under 
which our road was built and has since maintained a legal existence ; 
and in the absence of any knowledge respecting the existence of a Board 
of Public works under the loyal State government of which you are the 
Executive, or of any forms or requirements now in force respecting the 
reports of Rail Road companies above referred to, the undersigned 
would most respectfully ask for information and instructions upon the 

That in the absence of such information and instruction, and for the 
information of your Excellency, and such other State authorities as may 
take cognizance of such matters, the following brief statement is sub- 
mitted respecting the affairs of this company, together with a map show- 
ing its location, termini and connections. 

At the time of the organization of the Washington, Alexandria and 
Georgetown Rail Road company the Government of the United States 
was found in possession of the Rail Road, and have since used and 
occupied it for the transportation of troops and military supplies be- 
tween Washington and Alexandria. This company has thus far re- 
ceived no compensation for such use and occupancy of their road, but 
expect and have been promised on the part of the Government a fair 
accounting and compensation for said use as soon as circumstances will 
permit. The company are now engaged under an Act of Congress in 
constructing a Rail Road Bridge across the Potomac river near the site of 
the present Long Bridge, and hope to have the same, completed in all 
respects during the present year. The capital stock of said company 
amounts to three hundred thousand dollars, and has all been sub- 
scribed and paid in. The State is not a subscriber to the capital stock 
of this road. 

The outstanding indebtedness consists of one hundred thousand dol- 
lars of first mortgage Bonds (issued under an Act of the Virginia Legis- 
lature passed February 27th, 1856), the proceeds of which are now being 
used for the construction of the Bridge over the Potomac river. 

All of which is respectfully submitted. 

Alexander Hay, 
President of the W. A. & G. R. R. Co. 

Oct. 1, The certificate of L. A. Hagans, Secretary of the Commonwealth, of 

Alexandria ^ e appointment of George S. Smith as Treasurer of the Commonwealth 
of Virginia, is on file. 


Alexandria, Va., Nor. 16th, 1863. 1863. 

Th. Russell Rowden, Esq'r, 

Norfolk, Va.: 

We have the honor to notify you that at an election held in the 
State of Virginia on the 25th day of May, 1863, you were elected Attor- 
ney-General of the Commonwealth for four years from January, 1SG4. 

Very Respectfully your obed't Servants, 

(Signed) Francis H. Pierpoixt, Governor. 

L. W. Webb, Aud'tr Pub. Accounts. 
L. A. Hagans, Sec'y Com'wlth. 

The Commonwealth of Virginia, 
Executive Department, 
Alexandria, Nov. 17th y 1863. 

To all to whom these presents may come — Greeting : 

A vacancy having occurred in the office of Lieutenant-Governor 
by reason of the resignation of Daniel Pulsey, Esq'r, late incumbent — 

Now, therefore, I, Francis H. Picrpoint, Governor of the Common- 
wealth of Virginia, do hereby appoint Leopold C. P. Cowper, Esq'r, of 
Portsmouth, to fill the aforesaid vacancy until his successor shall have 
been elected and qualified. 

Given under my hand and the less seal of the Commonwealth the 
clay and year first above written. 

[Seal] F. II. Pier point. 

By the Governor : 

L. A. Hagans, 

Secretary of the Commonwealth. 

Wm. H. Brooks, Mayor, to the Governor. 

I regret to inform you that our civil government is much weakened Dec. 23, 
by the interference of the military, and I think unless a change can be N° rf olk 
made we shall cease to be a government. The Provost Marshal, Major 
C. M. Whelden, informed me yesterday that I must respect his name in 
every way whenever I saw it attached to a paper, no matter what its 
requirements were. He has stated to me that I must not require any 
man's property to be sold under distress warrants unless he says so ; he 


1863. has said to me that no one shall receive or collect any debt only from 

N^foUc * ne t * me ^y nave ^ken * n * 8 l* 8 * oa ^ °f Gen'l Butler's, and if I fail to 
obey this edict he will arrest me. I hope, sir, you will use what in- 
fluence you have if you wish civil government to continue. 

I am, &c. 

1804. The certificate of R. M. Eastwood, J. P., of the qualification of Leo- 

P fa" o 'tl P ^ ^' *** ^ ow l )er h8 Lieutenant-Governor of Virginia, is filed. 

State of Virginia, Alexandria County — To^wit: 

Francis H. Pierpoint, who was declared duly elected to the office of 
Governor for the term of four years, commencing on the first day of 
January, 1804, personally appeared before me, C. A. Ware, Mayor of 
Alexandria city, State of Virgiuia, and ex-oflficio Justice of the peace 
for the said county, and took the following oath of office: 

I do solemnly swear that I will support the constitution of the United 
States and restored Government of Virginia as vindicated by the con- 
vention which assembled at Wheeling, Virginia, on the 11th day of 
June, 1861, anything in the so-called Ordinance of Secession which 
assembled at Richmond on the Thirteenth day of February, 1861, to 
the contrary notwithstanding. 

I further swear that I have not since the tenth day of January, one 
thousand eight hundred and sixty, fought in a duel, the issue of which 
was, or probably might have been, the death of either party ; ' nor have 
I knowingly been the bearer of any challenge or acceptance to fight a 
duel actually fought; nor have I been otherwise engaged or concerned 
directly or indirectly in a duel actually fought since said time; nor will 
I during my continuance in office be so engaged, directly or indirectly. 
So help me God. 

I further swear that I will faithfully perform the duty of my office to 
the best of my skill and judgment. So help me God. 

Given under my hand and seal this first day of January, 1864, at the 
Mayor's office at Alexandria, State of Virginia. 

C. A. Wark, 
Mayor and Ex -officio Justice of the Peace. 

Auburn, Culpeper Co., Va., Jan'y 7th, 1864.. 
Dear Sir : 

I have received the letter forwarded from Mr. S., in which 
he urges in very earnest terms that I should accept a seat in the Senate 


of the United States at the hands of the Legislature now in session at 1864. 
Alexandria, an election which he seems to think I have no right to 
decline, u as the friends of the Union everywhere desire it." Permit 
me to say, my good sir, that I duly appreciate the honor designed, 
which is far beyond anything thaf I have reason to expect now or here- 
after from any other quarter, but high and honorable as is the position 
of United States senator, which in ordinary times is one that might rea- 
sonably satisfy the ambition of any moderate man, yet in the present 
condition of the country and the State of which u I am native here and 
to the manner born" I could not with propriety and with my convic- 
tions of duty accept any appointment at the hands of either of the 
numerous governments now exercising Legislative powers over any of the 
dismembered fragments of what once constituted the proud and revered 
old Commonwealth of Virginia. 

In taking the position I have done in reference to this rebellion, I 
have been actuated by no sordid considerations and by no selfish desire 
to advance my )H>litical or personal fortunes, but it has been forced upon 
me by the clear, unclouded, conscientious, and overwhelming convic- 
tions of my best judgment, free from all passion, prejudice, or ambi- 

From the present aspect of a {Fairs, as they appear from the standpoint 
I occupy, it looks as if the day was not very far distant when (if ever) 
I may be of some service in healing those dissentions and distractions 
(having their origin in the grossest misrepresentations and frauds) 
which now divide the Nation, the State, and almost every locality, to a 
greater or less extent, and which though smothered for the time have 
never yet been extinguished ; but this can only be done (if at all) by 
adhering firmly and consistently to the opinions and principles of a 
long life, which have grown with my growth and strengthened with my 
strength until they have become a part of my second nature; in other 
words, I must permit no shadow of suspicion from any quarter to attach 
to my unselfish patriotism, or the disinterested integrity of my purpose 
which the acceptance of ofhYe might subject me to. The extent of my 
aspirations for the present is to u return good for evil " to this once ven- 
erable and venerated, but now poor down trodden, shattered, heartlessly 
sacrificed and dilapidated old mother of States that has been reduced to 
her present miserable condition by her leading and trusted statesmen 
who with miscalculation upon miscalculation, and blunder upon 
blunder, with no one promise or prophecy fulfilled, have been groping 
their way in Siberian darkness, and with an inexcusable degree of igno- 
rance, after a phantom engendered by a coroded and diseased imagina- 
tion which was excited by a heartless selfishness and insane ambition to 
perpetuate their own power that has been without a parallel in the his- 
tory of the world. 




I am aware that ray councils for the last three years have been 
spurned and derided, and my person even threatened with violence by 
many who once looked with a more confiding and friendly eye upon 
my suggestions and advice. I have reason to think that this hallucina- 
tion is passing away and is being rapfilly dissipated by the terrible ordeal 
to which the fortunes and happiness of the South have been subjected ; 
and it may be, at least I am not without hope that at a future day I 
may in some way serve as a link between the North and the South, by 
which the chain that once bound them together may again connect them. 
" To this complexion it must come "tot last" for neither passion, nor prejudice, 
nor pride, nor suffering, nor want, nor hunger, nor strife can endure for- 
ever ; and the time must come when men will look at things as they 
are, and no longer close their eyes at bright mid-day and swear the sun 
does not shine because they desire to shut out the light. 

For these and other reasons not necessary to be mentioned here, I 
must beg to be excused for respectfully declining the high position to 
which it is proposed to elevate me. 

Be pleased to present my thanks to Gov. Pierpoint for his kind dispo- 
sition to serve me, and oblige 

Very respectfully, 

Your obed't serv't, 

J no. M. Botts. 

Jan. 8, 

The certificate of Darius W. Todd, J. P., of the election of Thomas 
R. Bowden as Attorney-General of the State of Virginia, and his oath 
of office taken before him, is filed. 

Edward R. Snead to the Governor. 

Jan. 14, 

Enclosed you will find a printed order from the military commander 
of this Department requiring certain civil officers of this corporation, 
each under oath, on or before the 20th inst., to make a report in detail 
of the amount of moneys received by each of them by virtue of their 
office, &c, <fcc. 

What should these officers do in the premises ? Such an order is an 
arbitrary assumption of power on the part of Gen'l B., and is in effect, 
though perhaps not so designed, a direct personal insult to each officer 
and to the dignity of the State government they represent. You will 
observe that it is an order. Had the commanding Gen'l politely re- 
quested the information thereby sought, as a matter of courtesy they 
would have been quite willing to have made any exhibit of their official 
conduct and action which the curiosity of the General might prompt 


him to solicit The commander of this Department seems not to enter- 
tain a very high respect for the restored government of Virginia, and 
judging from his conduct, is disposed to embarrass its operation, if not 
to crush it out, and bring the loyal people of Virginia under the iron 
rule of an irresponsible military dictatorship and domination. In the 
Provost Judges court they take cognizance of cases purely civil, and for 
which the parties have complete and adequate remedies in the civil 
courts. If the military are to exercise jurisdiction in civil matters and 
supercede the civil authority in the legitimate exercise of its legitimate 
functions, I can perceive no necessity for our having Executive or Judi- 
cial officers. I have not the slightest idea that this administration will 
countenance any such orders as those lately issued by Gen'l B., or will 
sustain him in his efforts to embarrass the civil government and usurp 
its powers and authority. 

Please return an immediate answer, as the civil officers desire to know 
what course you would advise them to pursue. Call the attention of 
the Administration to the action of Gen'l B. and his subordinates to- 
wards the civil officers of this department, and his and their usurpation 
of civil jurisdiction. 


Jan. 14, 

The certificate of the election of Wm. H. Dix as a delegate to repre- 
sent Accomac county in the Constitutional Convention, to meet at Alex- 
andria on the 13th day of February, 1864, is filed. 

Jan. 21 , 

The certificate of election of Wm. P. Moore as delegate to represent j an . 21, 
Northampton county in the Constitutional Convention, to assemble at Northamp- 
Alexandria on the 13th of February, 1864, is filed. 

The certificate of election of Walter L. Penn as a delegate to the Con- j a n. 23, 
stitutional Convention for Alexandria county, to assemble at Alexandria Alexandria 
on February 13th, 1864, is filed. U " * 

The certificate of election of T. S. Tennis and Robt. B. Wood as the Jan. 23, 
delegates for Elizabeth City, York, Warwick, Charles City, and city of wi ^ ara8 - 
Williamsburg in the Constitutional Convention, to assemble at Alexan- 
dria on February 13th, 1864, is filed. 


Jan. 23, 


The certificate of the commissioners for the election of a delegate from 
the district of Norfolk city to the Constitutional Convention, to assemble 
at Alexandria on the 13th day of February, 1864, given to Lewis W 
Webb, is filed. 

Jan. 23, 

The certificate of the commissioners for the election of a delegate from 
the Norfolk Senatorial District to the Constitutional Convention, to as- 
semble at Alexandria on the 13th day of February, 1864, given to War- 
ren W. Wing, is filed. 

Jan. 23, 



The certificate of election of John W. Stone as delegate for Princess 
Anne county in the Constitutional Convention, to assemble in Alexan- 
dria February 13th, 1864, is filed. 

Jan. 25 The certificate of election of S. Ferguson Beach as delegate to repre- 

Alexandria se nt Alexandria and Fairfax counties in the Constitutional Convention, 
Counties to assemble in Alexandria February 13th, 1864, is filed. 

Jan. 25, The certificate of election of John Hawxhurst as delegate for Fairfax 
Fairfax Co. county in the Constitutional Convention, to meet in Alexandria on Feb- 
ruary 13th, 1864, is filed. 

F. H. Pierpoint, Governor, to the Secretary of War U. S. 

Jan. 27, It is with deep regret that I feel compelled in the discharge of my 
Alexandria ffi c ial duty, however humble, to call your attention to the subject of 
the occupancy of A ceo mac and Northampton Counties with coloured 
troops to act as a provost guard. I have learned that six hundred col- 
oured troops are sent to those counties, I suppose, to take the place of 
the white troops there. Two companies of white troops is a large esti- 
mate for those counties, and from the number of those sent I judge, as 
a matter of course, the white troops will be removed. 

Discipline is the first requisite for troops of any color, but from my 
observation, veteran troops soon lose their discipline when placed on a 
roving service such as is required in those counties, and none but soldiers 
of the best habits should be placed on that duty. These coloured troops 
are new recruits just from bondage ; their own welfare requires discip- 
line. Hence their place is in the field or fortification where they can be 
under the eye of the officer. 



Tbis disposition of troops will have a bad effect on the white soldier; 1864. 

evil-disposed persons will circulate the news through the army that col- A i Jan * ^Ji; 

oared troops are sent back for guard duty, where there is no danger, 

while the white man is sent into the front of the battle. Pardon these 


Bat the great objection is the positive insolence of the colored soldier, 
undisciplined as he is, to the white citizen. It is at the risk of the life 
of the citizen that he makes any complaint of their bad conduct. I 
know you would not leave your wife and daughters in a community of 
armed, undisciplined negroes, just liberated, with no other protection. 
My information is that it is a terrible shock to the Union cause in that 
section. Union men are justly frightened for the safety of their families. 
I am happy to say in that section the Union was growing every day. 

The legislature of the State has ordered a convention to abolish slavery 
in the State. The delegates are elected, and I have not heard of a single 
man being elected but who is in favor of abolishing slavery. These 
people in Accomac and Northampton will lose from six to eight thou- 
sand slaves, but still they bear it. A number of slave-holders are with 
us, and the Union cause growing. Is it right now to torture both par- 
ties with the terrible apprehensions that must haunt them with this 
armed black soldiery among them, when all reflecting men must doubt 
the propriety of it, looking alone to the good of the soldier, the service, 
and the policy in reference to the white soldier? 

The same state of affairs exist at Portsmouth. 

It is painful to me to raise these questions, but I am sure the honor 
of your administration requires their correction. I am satisfied it is 
not done by your order. 

I am, &c. 

The certificate of election of Le Roy G. Edwards as delegate from Jan. 28, 
Princess Anne and Norfolk for the constitutional convention to be held P nnce88 
at Alexandria Feb. 13th, 1864, is filed. Norfolk 

Certificate of the election of Geo. R. Boush and Phil. G. Thomas as Jan. 28 
delegates from 'Norfolk Co. to the constitutional convention to meet at Norfolk Co. 
Alexandria Feb. 13th, 1864, is filed. 

The certificate of L. A. Hagans, SVt'y Commonwealth, of the election Feb. 13 

and qualification of J. J. Henshaw as Treasurer of the Commonwealth Alexandria 

of Virginia, is filed. 




18ft4. The certificate of election of Dr. Arthur Watson as delegate to the 

Awomac constitutional convention to assemble at Alexandria Feb. 13th, 18G4, is 

C. W. Buttz to Hon. Edw'd Battes, Attorney-General United 


Norfolk I have felt it my duty on several occasions to communicate certain 
facts to you, but have desisted from writing, knowing that your present 
duties are so onerous that you have but little time to look after such 
matters; but when a Brigadier-General of the army takes the civil law 
in his own hands and orders real estate to be confiscated without legal 
cause, totally disregarding the laws of the country, as this man Wild lias, 
I feel constrained to write. 

General Wild, as you are aware, is the military commander of the re- 
spective cities of Norfolk and Portsmouth, who, in my opinion (and I 
have had considerable military experience), is not a fit and proper per- 
son to be a Provost Marshal over white people. 

What I wish to complain of is the following order: 


Provost Marshal's Office, 
Portsmouth, Va., March 9th, 1864. 
" Mr. John Williams, 

Portsmouth, Va. : 

" By order of Brig'r-Gen'l Wild your entire estate is confiscated to the 

use of the United States Government. You will furnish the bearer, 

Corporal Panns, of this office, a list of houses and tenants now in your 

possession, and vacate the premises you now occupy on or before the 

19th of March. 

Daniel Messinger, 

Provost Marshal." 

Mr. Williams resides in Portsmouth with his family, and has taken 
the oath of allegiance under the President's Proclamation. If consist- 
ent with your views or duties, you will greatly oblige by giving this let- 
ter your attention as soon as possible. 

I am, <fec. 

Adile V. Boush to the Governor. 

April 9, By request of my hushand (Mr. G. Richard Boush), I send you a list 
Portsmouth of the silver teken from my Father's house on the 20th of February. 


The latter bundle was old family, having belonged to my great Grand 1864. 

Father. There was also in the same place silver belonging to Miss Indie p ^.P" * 9 » , 

Smith, a legacy left by her mother (a young lady who had taken the 

oath) ; also some belonging to her Father, Dr. A. Smith. My sisters 

had taken charge of it without my Father's knowledge — account books, 

etc., no use to any one but my Brother, who has taken the oath and is 

now practicing. 

There were also 1 doz. bottles of wine, and eight of Brandy, twenty 
yean old, that my Father had preserved *for his youngest daughter's 
wedding. But all this is nothing compared with the unjust confinement of 
an infirm old man. We have no communication whatever with him, 
and are not allowed to send him even a line. My dear mother sent to 
Fortress Monroe a nice new cotton mattress, a pair of blankets, one com- 
fort, one pr. of sheets, and one pillow, which was never delivered to my 
poor Father. If you can possibly aid us in this our time of trial, be 
assured you will have the prayers and gratitude of many defenceless 

1 asked Father Plunkett if he had taken the oath, but received no 
definite answer, therefore cannot say if he has done so or not. With 
many wishes for your future welfare, I remain 

Very respectfully, 

Yours, &c. 

Mr. Bilesoly's silver is composed of a large soup ladle, Two silver 
mugs, Two pair of sugar Tongs, Half doz. large, old-fashioned table- 
spoons. There are forks, tablespoons, and teaspoons, but I do not know 
bow many. These were in one bundle. The other bundle is composed 
of one doz. table and one doz. teaspoons, marked J. B. A. ; four table- 
spoons and four forks, marked B. H. ; five teaspoons and one mustard 
spoon, marked B. A. A. : one soup ladle, one pr. sugar Tongs, two but- 
ter knives, two salt spoons. 


Providing for the establishment of the Restored Government adopted April 

Uth, 1864. 

Be it ordained by the people of Virginia by their delegates in Conven- April 14 
tion assembled at Alexandria, as follows : 

Section 1. For the reorganization of each county in this Common- 
wealth not now organized, it shall be the duty of the Governor to issue 
his proclamation declaring all the offices therein vacant, civil and mili- 
tary, accompanied by a writ of election directed to one or more commis- 
sioners, not exceeding three. 


1864. All or any of said commissioners may act, and they shall have powei 

April 14 to c j Q a jj an( j everything that the sheriff and county court have now tc 
do in holding an election for county officers according to law now in 
force, or that may hereafter be enacted. 

The said commissioners shall have power to administer to each othei 
an oath to faithfully perform the duties confided to them in superintend 
ing the said election and to administer the oath of office to the Justice! 
so elected. 

The judges appointed by* them at each election district shall hav< 
power to administer to each other, the crier, and writers, the oaths no* 
prescribed by law to be by them taken. 

In case of failure to hold an election, or of a sufficient number of Jus 
ticcs elected, qualified to hold a county or Corporation court in thirty 
days after the election, an alias writ shall be issued directed in all man 
ner like the first, and so on until officers are elected to hold a count} 

In case of any sheriff or commissioner of the Revenue failing t< 
qualify within sixty days after the election or a vacancy occurring h 
any county, the Governor shall appoint a person to fill said office, wh< 
shall give bond and qualify in the same manner as if he had beei 
elected, and continue in office until his successor shall be elected at th< 
next general election in his county, and qualify to fill the office. 

The oath of office shall be the same as that prescribed by the conven 
tion which assembled at Wheeling on the 11th day of June, eighteei 
hundred and sixty-one, with the addition to support this constitution 
All officers elected under this Ordinance shall enter upon their dutie 
immediately upon election and qualification, and the fraction of th< 
year between the time of his election and the time at which his offio 
shall expire shall be counted for one year. In case of a contested elec 
tion it shall be decided as now prescribed by law. 

Section 2. It shall be proper and legal for the voters of any counti 
when it shall be unsafe by reason of the presence of insurgent troops, U 
open a poll or polls at the usual places of holding elections, to open th< 
same in any other part of said county. 

[It is possible that this was not designed to be the conclusion of tin 
foregoing paper, but it is all that has been found. — En.] 

F. II. I'ierpoint, Governor Virginia, to Andrews, Gov- 
ernor Massachusetts. 

May 20, Yours of the 16th Inst, is rece'd in regard to the establishing a cam| 
Alexandria Q f lem ] czvoU g j n y a . f or colored troops. 

I will most cheerfully co-operate in any measure that will increase tin 
strength and efficiency of the Union army. 



I think most of the colored men in Va. now within our lines are i864. 
picked up and in Reg'ts. I do not know whether many could be re- A JJf£j5?,|. 
cruited now. But if Grant should be successful and drive Lee out of 
Va., I am of opinion that a large am't of colored troops could be re- 
cruited at once, or in a very short time. 

I am, &c. 

Thomas K. Howden, Attorney-General of Virginia, to Hon. 
Edw'd Bates, Attorney-General United States. 

Some of the merchants and liquor dealers in Norfolk city, about thirty June 20, 
in all (most of them being army followers and temporary sojourners WaR bin^ton 
therein), have refused to pay the tax imposed by the laws of Virginia 
for the privilege of prosecuting their several branches of business. They 
have been indicted by the grand jury of the circuit court of Norfolk 
city for failing to comply with the law, and their cases stand ready for 
trial before said court 

The liquor dealers and merchants aforesaid, encouraged by the mili- 
tary authorities, have held public meetings and determined to resist the 
law. They have invoked the aid of the military authorities of said city, 
and have the promise of their co-operation. 

Gen*l Shipley, with the concurrence, as he says, of Major-Gen '1 But- 
ler, has given his aid and countenance to their movement, and denying 
the validity and legitimacy of the restored government, of Virginia, has 
determined to ignore the same and nullify the acts of its Legislature. 
He has declared it to be his purpose to prevent the trial of the indict- 
ments aforesaid unless the circuit court, yielding to his dictation, shall 
postpone the trial until after the 24th inst, the day of the municipal 
election in said city, at which time he proposes to submit to the people 
the question whether they will continue or abolish the civil government 
in said city. The loyal people of Norfolk have declared their preference 
for civil government by repeated elections, and very recently by the 
nomination of candidates for the various municiple offices. If this was 
not so it would be very difficult to demonstrate that the people had a 
right thus to suspend their own laws — to abolish republican institutions 
and substitute military rule in its stead. The people of Virginia have 
heretofore supposed that they had a right to enact laws for the regula- 
tion of their own internal and domestic policy, subject only to the con- 
stitution of the United States. Their legislatures from time immemo- 
rial have imposed a tax on licenses as a source of revenue. The right 
of that body to do so has never been questioned until now, and so they 
believe cannot be successfully controverted. 

Having the right to impose the tax, it follows as a natural consequence 


1864. that they have a right to collect it, and any combination of persons for 
w Ju " e •**» the purpose of defeating its collection cannot be characterized otherwise 

D. (J. ' than as a conspiracy against the laws of the State. 

The President of the United States is sworn to execute the laws, State 
and Federal, and when any resistance is made to the laws of any State 
which the local authorities are unable to overcome, it is his duty to 
send the national forces there, if necessary, to suppress the insurrection. 
The loyal people of Virginia believe the President clearly understands 
his duty in the premises and possesses the requisite vigor and patriotism 
to arrest the contemplated act of lawlessness and violence above ad- 
verted to. Before calling his attention to this subject, we desire to ob- 
tain from you the legal advice of the national Executive an expression 
of your opinion, and if it should be contrary to the usages of your de- 
partment to intimate any opinion when thus appealed to, respectfully 
request that you will lay the matter of grievance herein set forth before 
the President for his consideration and action. 

I am, <fcc. 

Edw'd R. Snbad, Thos. R. Bowden, IT. Porter, to Hon. E. M. 
Stanton, Secretary War United States. 

June 21, Civil government, as you are aware, has been established in Virginia 
"V c; "' an< * nas Deen repeatedly recognized by Congress and the President. 

The people of Norfolk and Portsmouth more than a year since re- 
established civil government upon a loyal basis. Brigadier- General 
George F. Shepley proposes, with the concurrence of Major-General 
butler, so he says, to have the polls opened on Friday next (the 24th 
inst.) to take the sense of the people upon the question as to whether 
they will continue or abolish civil government That is the day on 
which the regular election of city officers takes place. The people of 
that city have declared themselves in favor of civil government by re- 
peated elections, and recently by nominating candidates for the various 
municipal officers. 

There are in Norfolk divers merchants and liquor dealers, mere army 
folio were, who have refused to pay the tax imposed by the legislature on 
licenses. They have been indicted in the circuit court of Norfolk city, 
and their cases stand now ready for trial, that court being in session. 
Gen'l Shepley has declared it to be his purpose to prevent a trial of the 
indicted parties unless the court will agree to postpone them until after 
the election on the 24th inst. We have every reason to believe that the 
military authorities in the department of Virginia and North Carolina 
are inimical to civil government therein, and desire to abolish it We 
desire you to forbid the contemplated taking of a vote of the people 


upon the question Gen'l Shepley proposes to submit, and also to inter- 1864. 
diet any interference by the military with the civil authority in its action w Ju ?? *h 
in reference to the license cases. D. C. 

We are, &c. 

F. H. Pierpoint, Governor Virginia, to Zenas W. Bliss, 

Greenfield, Mass. 

Yours of the 28th ult. is received enquiring after enlistment of col- July 1, 
ored troops, &c. There are few colored men here at present to be en- Alexandria 
listed. Mass. and Connecticut have obtained quite a number, but the 
Sec of War stopped them some time since, and refuses to permit any 
more sent away. Congress tried to alter the law and throw open the 
southern field to enlistments by the States. But the two houses dis- 
agree. I am perfectly satisfied for anybody to enlist that can pay a 
bounty. I have none to pay. 

I am, &c 

Greenfield, June 28th, 1864. 
Hon. Francis H. Pierpoint, 

Gov. Va. : 


Quite a number of towns in this District are desirous of enlist- 
ing men in your State and paying them liberal bounties, if the authori- 
ties of your State and the United States will permit them to do so. 
Several of our Boards of select men have requested me to ascertain 
what can be done without violation of the laws, and with the approval 
of the Executive of your State. 

Will you do me the honor of communicating your views upon the 

I have the honor to be, 

With great respect, Your obed. Serv't, 

Zen as W. Bliss, 
Comm'r of Enrollment 9th Dist. Mass. 

Edward R. Snead to the Governor. 

As I told you while in Washington I was determined to do in a cer- Aug. 1 
tain event, I hereby tender you ray resignation of the office of Judge of J^™, 1 ^ 
the First Judical Circuit of Virginia. 

I am now a prisoner in the hands of Major-General Butler for per- 



1864. sisting in my purpose to bold my court in Norfolk city in opposition 

August 1, his lute order. 


Hundred I am , &c. 

P. S. My resignation is my own voluntary act, uninfluenced by an 
act of General Butler's, but founded upon the conviction I have before^ 
stated to you, that I regarded it as inconsistent with self respect to re- 
tain my office if civil government was allowed to be abolished in Nor- 
folk city. 

E. R. Snead. 


Aug. 10, I am just in receipt of information that Gen'l Butler has Mr. Porter, 
Alexandria Commonwealth's attorney of Norfolk, under arrest on charge of utter- 
ing treasonable languag